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No 62,526 


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• There ' were signs that Common- 
wealth summit leaders woe moving 
towards Britain's position bn sanctions 

• President Kenneth Kaunda of Zam- 
bia called for an elected three-man team 
to co-ordinate strategy (page 6) 

• Bishop Desmond Tntn said In Tokyo 
that Japan had a crucial role In the 
issne of sanctions (page 6) 

• Five people died and 23 were injured 
when a bomb exploded at a meat market 
at Wahis Bay on the coast of Namibia 

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The Commonwealth sum- 
mit opened yesterday with 
signs that au the leaders 
involved are moving towards 
Britain’s. position that. further 
sanctions against South Africa 
should be taken only as part of 
an internationally co- 
ordinated agreement. 

The seven leaders of the 
countries who sponsored the 
Commonwealth Emiment 
Persons Group- mission to 
South Africa had their first 
session at Marlborough House 
apparently determined to' 
avoid an open split! 

Sir Lynden PindHng, Prime 
Minister of the Bahamas and 
the conference chairman, de- 
scribed the mood at the first 
session as one of caution and 
seriousness. “Everyone' rec- 
ognized the importance of 
arriving at a unified dedaonlf 
possible. Everyone recognized 
the gravity of the moment]’ 

He said there was no vitriol. 
“Everyone was calm. My job 
is to keep h cool and to keep it 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher, in a 
more conciliatory mood than 
some of her recent tough 
statements against sanctions 
have suggested, had separate 
meetings before the con- 
ference with Mr Rajiv Gan- 
dhi, the . Indian Prime 
Minister, and Sir Lynden. She 
had already met President 
Kaunda of Zambia and Mr 
Brian Mahoney, the Ca- 
nadian Prime Minister, on 

She also had meetings with 
Mr Bob Hawke,' the Austra- 
lian Prime Mraistes^Bnd Mr 
Robert Mugabe.; the Prime' 
Minister of Zimbabwe^ ** a 
pre-conference lunch hosted 
by Mr Gandhi at a London 

British sources said later 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

that in all the bilateral talks 
there had been no threat to the 
Prime Minister of departures 
from the Commonwealth, or 
of retaliatory sanctionsagainst 
Britain, or of any plan for a 
full Commonwealth con- 
ference to be held later in the 

Mrs Thatcher’s aim in all 
the talks was said to be to 
listen to the views of her 
Commonwealth colleagues, 
but British, officials said that 
in all the conversations the 
need for co-ordinated action 




Yves Saint Laurent 
is the undisputed 
king of Paris haute 
couture. But now a 
new star is rising — 
Christian Lacroix. 
Suzy Menkes joins 
the celebrations 

• The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of £4)000 was 
won on Saturday by Mr 
FLWetch of 


Surrey. There was no 
winner in the weekly 
competition so next 
week’s prize will be 
doubled to £16,000. 

• Portfolio list, page 
18; rules and how to 
play, information 
service, page 14. 

On This Day 

On August 4. 1949, The Times 
reported Lt-Cdr Kerans’s own 
account of the Amethyst’s 
thrilling escape up the Yang- 
tze River Page 11 

Degree results 

Degrees awarded by the 
University of Lancaster are 
published today Page 17 

Thatcher excluded 6 
Japan’s crucial role . 6 
Homeland rejoices 6 
Photograph 6 

Leading article .11 

involving countries outride 
the Comm onwealth had been 

It was felt that such agree- 
ment. could rive scope for a 
compromise as the conference 

on how to proceed 
achieving the common goal of 

Backing by Commonwealth 
leaders for the principle of co- 
ordinated measures would 
have obvious attractions for 
the Prime Munster because it 
would allow her to argue 
against further measures bong 
taken by the summit 

Yesterday morning E>r 
Kaunda, Mrs Thatcher’s most 
voluble critic at the summit, . 
proposed the setting Up' of ft' 
Commonwealth teajn, made- 
up of the Prime Ministers of 
Australia, Canada and India, 
to co-ordinate action to be 
taken by the Commonwealth 
and Other countries. 

He argued that Mrs 

Horn News 2-4 

Law Report 










Arts’ • 





An Bonds 






Basis &U 






Sport 22-206 





Crosswords 8J4 

TV* Radio 










Namibia market 
blast kills five 

FromMkhael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

five people were killed and 
24 injured at the weekend in 
two bomb attacks, one at a 
beach resort near Cape Town, 
and one in Walvis. Bay, an 
enclave on the coast of Na- 
mibia which is legally part of 
South Africa. 

By far the most serious, 
explosion was at a meat 
market in Walvis Bay, where 
all the deaths and 23 of the 
injuries occurred. Four of the 
injured are said to be still in a 
serious condition. 

According to the Gov- 
ernment’s Bureau for Inform- 
ation, thorn killed were a 
white woman, a Coloured 
man and his wire, a black man 
and a black woman. Fourteen 
women — one white, six blacks 
and seven Coloureds — and 
nine men — four blacks and 
five Coloureds — were injured. 

A spokesman for the bu- 
reau, Mr Casper Venter, said 
police investigations into the 
explosion suggested that who- 
ever planted the bomb had 

brought it into the market in a 
paper bag. 

Under international law. 
South Africa's occupation of 
Namibia is illegal but the 
Walvis Bay enclave was an- 
nexed by the Capo colony 
during the days of British rule, 
and is legally part of South 

Independence for Namibia, 

would not -affect South 
rican control of Walvis Bay, a 
situation that would present 
serious problems for which- 
ever government emerged in 
Windhoek, the Namibian cap- 
ital after independence. 

The main guemlla move- 
ment fighting for Namibia's 
independence, the South West 
African People's Organization 
(SwapoX is active in the 
populous northern part of the 
country, along the Namibian- 
Angokn border. There is no 
previous record of insurgents 

Continued oa page 14, cot 3 

Thatcher should be excluded 
because of her stand on sanc- 
tions. While that would ckariy 
be unacceptable to Britain, the 
Sun that Dr Kaunda had 
accepted the case for a more 
widely co-ordinated effort was 
seized upon by British 

Dr Kaunda and other lead- 
ers win clearly be pressing for 
Britain to agree to further 
measures over the next two 
days. Mis Thatcher is ex- 
pected to argue that, though 
she may reluctantly accept the 
case m principle for further 
sanctions, none should be 
agreed until late September, 
when European Community 
foreign ministers meet to dis- 
cuss the outcome of the mis- 
sion to southern Africa by Sir 
Geoffrey Howe; the Foreign 

... Yesterday’s first session of 
the conference was given a 
report on the Enrolment Per- 
sons Group mission by Mr 
Malcolm Fraser, the former 
Prime Minister of Australia, 
and General Ousegun 
Obasanjo, former head of the 
Nigerian Government, Who 
were the group’s co-chairmen. 

Later Sir Geoffrey reported 
on his mission. He said his 
experiences in South Africa 
had confirmed his belief that 
comprehensive sanctions 
would not induce Pretoria to 
take the steps the Common- 
wealth wanted to see. It would 
be unhkefy to move under 
foreign pressure. 

Sir Lynden sgid afterwards 
thm all the Commonwealth' 
beads, .including •- Mrs 
Thatcher, had readily agreed 
that adequate progress had not 
been made towards the ending 

Continued on page J4, col 1 

Dr Kam»da t who wants Mrs Thatcher excluded from the 
Commonwealth committee (Photograph: Dod Miller).- 

Ulster on 
alert for 

Security forces in Northern 
Ireland were on high alert last 
night to prevent “shows of 
strength” and other stents 
bring mounted by the Pro- 
visional IRA for the now 
c as to m ary summer tour of its 
supporters. . and . paymasters 
from the United States. 

*A welcoming function was 
scheduled lasjjnjght attbuOtd 
Border 1ml aTew yards inside 
Nartherxfrefcmd at Jonesboro 
on the south Armagh bonier, 
for the first hundred t our i sts 
who flew into Dubtm. It was 
being hosted by two local Sian 
Fein councillors. 

The visitors are expected to 
tom- the border zone and other 
parts of Northern Ireland, or 
what the organizers. Noraid, 
term the “battlefields”. 

Last summer's tour by 
Noraid, die Provisionals’ New 



York-based hand- 
led to the d( 

Downes, aged 20. The Belfast 
man was killed by a plastic 
bullet when the poBce failed to 
arrest Mr Martin Galvin, the 
Noraid leader who is perma- 
nently banned from entering 
the United Kingdom. 

On each of the last two tonrs 
he has, however, done so, 
making fl eeting appearances 
in both Belfast and 

There is, as yet no sign of 
Mr Galvin, a lawyer with the 
New York City sanitation 
department, in this year’s 
party, bat he is expected to fly 
to Dublin before the dimax of 
the tour, the attendance on 
August 9 at a tally marking 
the introduction of internment 

It is believed that under the 
terms - of the Anglo-Irish 
agreement die British authori- 
ties are pressing Dublin to ban 
Mr Galvin and to detain him 
on arrival 

Boys shot, page 2 

Ban sought on house ‘gazumping 9 

By Robin Young 

The Law Commission is 
examining possible ways of 
banning the practice .of 
“gazumping” in property 
sales, which has enjoyed a 
revival during the recent pe- 
riod of rapidly rising house 

The commission’s standing 
committee on conveyancing is 
considering a number of ways 
in which vendors might be 
prevented from accepting last- 
minute higher 

having agreed a price with 
intending purchasers. . 

The practice can involve the 
disappointed buyers is hun- 
dreds, or even thousands, of 
pounds of abortive costs in 
survey and legal fees. 

A week ago Mr John Hed- 
dle. Conservative MP for 
Mid-Staffordshire and a vice- 
president of the Building Soci- 
eties Association, wrote to the 
Prime Minister urging her to 
outlaw the practice by adopt- 

ing the Scottish System in 
which acceptance of an offer is 
binding on both parties. 

Other possibilities that the 
committee intends to examine 
are making the vendin' bear 
the financial costs of the 
disappointed purchaser, or 
penalizing the vendor with a 
fine related to the property’s 

The recommendations are 
to be published later this year. 

Raiu hits 
roads and 

Torrential rain over much 
of South-east England yes- 
terday made driving con- 
ditions treacherous and 
caused a series of accidents. 
Sport events were affected. 

More than an inch fell in 
many parts and the London 
Weather Centre issued a warn- 
ing that the next few days are 
likely to bring more storms. In 
contrast. Pans was sweltering 
with tempoature teaching 95 
degrees F. 

Wet conditions made driv- 
ing particularly hazardous on 
motorways. On the M25 in 
Surrey 1 1 cars were involved 
in . a collision. Two people 
were hurt. 

Another multiple collision 
happened near Slough when 
five cars were involved in an 
accident on the M4. 

The Automobile Associ- 
ation said; “Conditions on the 
roads have been appalling. 

Despite the weather heavy 
traffic was reported on many 
roads in the morning as 
holiday-makers left for the 
Lake District, Wales and 
coastal areas. 

However, by early after- 
noon there was congestion on 
main roads to London as day 
trippers abandoned their out- 
ings and beaded for home. 

five John Player Special 
League cricket matches were 
abandoned without a bail 
being bowled, and play was 
curtailed at a sixth, at Old 

There was no play after 
lunch in Derbyshire’s match 
against the New Zealanders. 

At Sil version e, atrocious 
conditions brought a 30- 
minute delay in the Shell Oils 
British motorcycling grand 
prix after an accident on the 
first corner in which Paul 
Lewis on a Heron-Suzuki 
sustained a suspected broken 

Letter from Hall County 
and forecast, page 14 
Sports, pages 22-24 

US offers delay 
and ‘sharing’ on 
space defence 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

President Reagan has of- 
fered Mr Gorbachov a delay of 
seven and a half years before 
any US deployment of a strat- 
egic defence system, and has 
proposed the sharing O /'“bene- 
fits” of the US Strategic 
Defence Initiative (SDI). 

The offer, the first time Mr 
Reagan has shown real will- 
ingness to bargain over the 
future of space defence, was 
made in bis confidential letter 
to the Soviet leader on July 25. 
The draft was drawn up at a 
secret meeting between Mr 
Reagan's top advisers and cir- 
culated to only a few senior 
officials for comment. The 
usual broader group of arms 
control experts was not con- 
sulted, in order to avoid bu- 
reaucratic stalemate. 

However The Washington 
Post, quoting Administration 
sources; yesterday published 
the gist of the message, which 
is a clear attempt to obtain 
movement on arms control to 
prepare the way for a summit 
meeting here at the end of this 
year. For the first time since 
taking office, Mr Reagan ap- 
pears ready for substantial 
arms control agreements that 
include limitations on new 
defensive weapons. 

In a key passage, Mr Reagan 
proposed that after & five-year 
research period lasting until 
1991. the United States and 
the Soviet Union would begin 
discussions on how to manage 
a transition period to a dr- 
fence-centred era. But if no 
agreement could be reached 
within another two years, each 
side could go its own way to 
pnt into place a space-based 
defensive system. 

The offer to share SDI 
technology with the Russians 
was made on Mr Reagan’s per- 
sonal insistence and against 
the advice of his senior advis- 
ers. But it did not make clear 
what would be shared. 

US allies were informed, 
officials told The Washington 
Post, that the letter implied no 
change at present in Washing- 

ton's “narrow*' interpretation 
of the 1972 anti-ballistic mis- 
sile treaty. 

Mr Reagan’s proposals on 
SDI were clearly linked to the 
deep reductions he is seeking 
in offensive nuclear weapons. 
He told Mr Gorbachov the US 
wanted a 50 per cent cut in 
strategic nuclear forces. 

Until the final stages of the 
drafting, Mr Reagan planned 
to propose that the US, Soviet 
Union. Britain and France 
talk about offensive weapons 
reductions beyond 50 per cent. 
But this was dropped after 
strong protests from Mrs 
Thatcher. Hie Prime Min- 
ister. briefed by Mr Paul 
Nftze, the US aims control 
adviser, said the proposal did 
not reflect Britain's conditions 
for entering talks. 

Mr Reagan dropped a pro- 
posal to reduce US under- 
ground nuclear tests after 
strong objections from the 
Pentagon. In his letter he said 
a comprehensive test ban 
treaty was ihdfUS ultimate 
goal, but gradual progress 
should begin with improved 
verification of nuclear tests. 

He also reportedly proposed 
more bargaining to reduce 
conventional military forces, 
to eliminate chemical weap- 
ons and to halt nuclear proli- 
feration. He offered to co-op- 
erate in space exploration and 
in nuclear power plant safety. 

The President’s change of 
heart on bargaining over SDI 
appears' to be linked to his 
desire for a summit, which the 
Russians have insisted can 
only take place if there is 
progress in arms talks. In 
recent weeks President Rea- 
gan has appeared increasingly 
confident that the summit will 
take place in November or 
December. As a sign that pre- 
parations are underway, Mr 
George Shultz, the Secretary 
of State, will hold talks with 
Mr Eduard Shevardnadze, the 
Soviet Foreign Minister on 
September 19 and 20. 

S 100 bn weapous b3L page 6 

Thatcher seeks split 
of DHSS into two 

By Our Chief Political Correspondent 

The Prime Minister is be- Civil Service, to stay on until 

lieved to be considering a 
limited restructuring of 
Whitehall departments based 
on the splitting of the Depart- 
ment of Health and Social 
Security into two separate 

The plan, which would 
mean a health department and 
social security department 
each with their own Cabinet 
ministers, is understood to be 
one of several that have gone 
before Mrs Thatcher's 
Downing Street policy unit. 

One of the reasons for Mrs 
Thatcher asking Sir Robert 
Armstrong, the Cabinet sec- 
retary and Head of the Home 

the next election beyond his 
normal retirement date was 
that she wanted him to advise 
her on any changes she even- 
tually decides to make: 

The splitting of the DHSS 
would be popular on both 
sides of the party. The right- 
wing Centre for Policy Studies 
has backed the idea, and 
ministers believe it would be a 
way of underlining the 
Government's commitment 
to the health service. 

A plan to widen the func- 
tions of the Department of 
Education and Science to 
cover training is also believed 
to be under consideration. 

£ 800 m 




By Graham Seaijeant 
Financial Editor 

The Government has unwit- 
tingly given away £800 million 
in its plans to turn the Trustee 
Savings Banks into a public 
limited company. 

This became dear yesterday 
after the publication in The 
Times on Saturday of the 
House of Lords* judgment on 
disputes over ownership of the 
banks. ■ 

The Government was anx- 
ious to move the trustee sav- 
ings banks into the private 
sector but was advised that 
neither the state, the depos- 
itors nor trustees could prove 
ownership of the assets. 

The Trustee Savings Banks 
Act of 1985, brought in to dear 
the confusion, gave the Gov- 
ernment the right to transfer 
the assets to a new public 
limited company, TSB Group. 

The assets, including an 
£800 million surplus built up 
by U>e banks over ISO years, 
were duly vested on July 21, 
after the Law Lords had 
finally rejected depositors’ 
claims to special rights. 

But the judgment ruled on 
Friday that the state had 
actually owned the banks’ 
assets all the time. Lord 
Templeman, in a judgment 
supporting Lord Keith, said 
that under the 1985 Act 
^Parliament decided to 
present their surplus assets 
amounting, it was said, to £800 
million, to the successor 

“The House was not con- 
cealed with the wisdom of that 
deciskra,” be added. 

Dr John Vincent, who lost 
his long battle on behalf iff 
depositors in the Lords, said 
yesterday the flotation was 
now being carried out at best 
on tiie basis of a mistake or at 
worst on a deception. “De- 
cisions have all been made on 
the basis of nobody owning the 
banks. Now h appears that the 
£800 million surplus is 
taxpayers' money,” he said. 

“The only moral thing to do 
b to revoke the vesting in- 
strument in view of this new 
judgment that the state owns 
the hank.”. . . 

The depositors’ court case 
had delayed the planned nota- 
tion of TSB Group by more 
than a year. It has now been 
firmly booked for early next 
month. Under the sale, half of 
the group's share would be 
reserved for depositors who 
had significant accounts in 
December 1984 and for 

Since the Government had 
arranged the flotation on the 
assumption that no one had 
previously owned the banks, 
the proceeds of the issue are to 
go into the TSB Group; thus 
those who bought the shares 
wifi have the benefit of the 
surpluses as well as any money 
spent buying the shares. 

Last night, the Treasury ■ 
refused to comment on Lord 
Templeman's judgment. 

Woman killed 
in Sydney car 
race accident 

Sydney (AP) — A woman 
spectator was killed and nine 
others injured yesterday when 
a racing car became airborne 
and plunged into the crowd at 
the Amaroo Park Raceway. 

The crash occurred at the 
start of the final round of the 
Australian Drivers Cham- 
pionship when cars driven by 
Peter Hopwood and Graham 
Watson touched wheels. 

HopwootTs car, travelling at 
110 mph, was pushed on to an 
embankment, creating a 
launching ramp for the ve- 
hicle, which flew 10 yards into 
the air. 

Kinnock under attack 

Mr Robert Kilroy-Silk, La- 
bour MP for Knowsley North 
who announced last week that 
he would resign from politics, 
attacks Mr Neil Kinnock, 
Labour Party leader, in The 
Times today. 

Mr Kilroy-Silk said that he 
was exhausted by a prolonged 
fight against the Militant Ten- 
dency in .his Merseyside 

constituency; his derision was 
immediately criticized by Mr 
Kinnock. “Your remarks,” 
Mr Kilroy-Silk writes m an 
open letter to his party leader, 
“have demeaned and under- 
mined the bitter struggle that 
has been and is still being 
waged by ordinary members 
of the constituency party 
against the Militants.” 

page 10 

Gridiron giants pound Wembley’s sacred turf 

by Alan Hamilton 

“This is an excellent grass 
surface, or pitch, as they call it 
over here,” explained the 
American radio commentator 
into his mkropboiie. 

The sacred turf of Wembley, 
curiously lined and painted 
with ""faw'liw numbers and 
symbols, was about to host its 
first game of American Foot- 
ball an event at which bands, 
dancing girls, and freQuent 
pauses are occasionally inter- 
rupted by short bursts of play. 

A day's torrential rain had 
soaked the Wembley grass, 
but with a £500,000 invest- 
ment. a capacity crowd Of 

80,000, and American tele- 
vision waiting to broadcast the 
game fire to a Sunday lnncb- 
time midfence, die event conld 
not be deterred by a mere 
cloudburst. Luckily the rain 
stopped shortly before the 
serious play began. 

By that time, the turf had 
already been pounded by 32 
pairs of boots belonging to the 
Dallas Cheerleaders, a troupe 
of bare-thighed synchronized 
gymnasts who performed an 
energetic warm-up routine, bnt 
who stayed on the sidelines to 
cavort during the conntkss 
breaks in play. 

The Dallas Cowboys, under- 

dogs afta- their 44-0 thrashing 
back home last season by 
yesterday's opponents, the 
Chicago Bears, tried to gain 
the psychological advantage 
by fidding their own team of 
majorettes and' a 20-piece 

The dancers gave their own 
side tbe frill balletic treatment 
as the squad of padded space- 
men poured on to the pitch, bnt 
awarded the Bears little more 
than a twitch of their ostrich 


A total of 500 players, 
officials, and camp-followers 
from the two teams flew to 
London for last night's match, 
and most seemed to be on the 

pitcb before the kick-off^ 
including over 80 players from 
each side, despite only II 
being allowed to play at one 

American Football nor- 
mally played on synthetic all- 
weather surfaces, is a game 
with an endless scope for 
statistics. When tbe Bears 
opened tbe scoring after 20 
minutes, there was great de- 
bate amors the knowing over 
tbe precise length of the ran; it 
was judged to be 48 yards, a 
matter of importance to the 
eod-of-season tables. 

The scoring, however, wa$ 
tbe signal for a long pause. 

while television screened the 
co mm ercials. When play re- 
started, attention was focused 
on the hugest player on the 
field, the 23-stone William 
Perry, known as The Refrig- 
erator, and rumoured to have 
spent the afternoon devouring 
several pounds of hamburgers. 

“The Fridge is playing a 
variation of foe Dallas Flex,” 
said the radio commentator. 
The British spectators did not 
appear to be familiar with the 
Dallas Flex, but they cheered 
anyhow, and chanted “Here 
we go.” just to prove that this 
was indeed Wembley and not 






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Labour checks 
bank loans 

By Hngb Clayton . 

The huge debts incurred by 
many local councils whicn 
have used legal means to 
avoid government spending 
controls are to be investigated 
by a joint committee of La- 
bour MPs and council leaders. 

Loans used by councils to 
finance spending that would 
be ruled out by government 
controls are thought to total 
more than £1,000 million. 

The latest in the series is the 
£30 million deal negotiated by 
Labour members of Liverpool 
City Council with Japanese 
bankers just in time to beat a 
government ban that will 
apply retrospectively from 
July 22 if it is adopted by 

But the complicated deals 
were pioneered by Conser- 
vative councils with the help 
of British merchant bankers. 

There are two types of deal, 
neither of which is publicized 
by many of the councils which 
use them. One enables coun- 
cils to borrow long-term to 
fund immediate expenditure. 
The other postpones the 
completion of payments for 
capital projects to escape 
downward government pres- 
sure on capital spending. 

The new conference centre 
at Torquay could not have 
been built without the help of 
a complicated deferred pur- 
chase scheme arranged by a 
subsidiary of Morgan Grenfell 
and a company set up to run 
the centre by the Conser- 
vative-dominated Torbay 
Borough Council. 

Last year Labour and SDP- 
Liberal Alliance members of 
the hung St Albans Council 
joined in adopting a scheme 
which enabled 400 new coun- 
cil homes to be built with 

£2 million that was trans- 
ferred to Morgan Grenfell out 
of the Government's down- 
ward spending ratchet. 

Labour leaders are more 
worried about the heavy loans 
being taken out by Labour-led 
authorities to finance immedi- 
ate spending and dodge gov- 
ernment brakes applied 
through grant cuts ana rate- 

They are worried that the 
accumulated debt burden is so 
vast that it might disrupt the 
local regeneration of industry 
and public works 

The Audit Commission, 
which monitors council 
spending, is also worried. It 
said that “creative accounting, 
of which inadequate provision 
for bad debts is only one 
example, is a matter of 
increasing concern to audi- 
tors. It has become almost an 

Government figures show 
that the Labour-led councils 
in Manchester and Sheffield 
are each involved in deals 
totalling £100 million while 
the capital spending allocation 
awarded to each for this year 
by ministers is les? than £50 

Ministers have begun to 
taunt their Labour opponents 
about the gathering debt bur- 
den being accumulated by 
some councils. Mr William 
Waldegrave, Minister of State 
for Local Government, called 
it “a high risk strategy that 
depends on a Labour Govern- 
ment coming back that wall 
pay all their debts.” 

Ministers may manage to 
block part of the package 
recently agreed with bankers 
by Liverpool City Council. 





By Philip Webstar 
Chief Political 

The Government yesterday 
continued its efforts to embar- 
rass the Labour leadership 
over its spending programme 
as Mr John MacGregor, the 
Chief Secretary, said that it 
could cost even more than the 
£28 billion figme which he 
dted last week. 

At the same time Mr 
MacGregor said he would be 
happy to subject his costings 
of Labour's plans to indepen- 
dent audit, provided Labour 
pot its own calculations to the 
same scrutiny. 

Mr Merfyn Rees, the former 
Labour Cabinet minister, sug- 
gested an audit last Friday to 
stop the “deceit coming from 
Tory ministers”. 

Mr MacGregor said that if 
Mr Roy Hattersley, the 
Shadow Chancellor who has 
dismissed the Treasury’s 
costings as silly and fantastic, 
told him which of Labour's 
commitments were not to be 
implemented he would take 
them off the list. 

He said be had not included 
in his calculations a lot of the 
pledges made by Mr Michael 
Meacher,Labonr*s chief; 
spokesman on soda! services. 

“Untfl Roy Hattersley con- 
trols this ungraded missile 
called Michael Meacher 
which seems to be directed at 
his own spending plans the 
overall figure would be a lot 
greater than £28 bOJioa” he 

• Last night, Mr Meacher 
said spending “promises” 
attributed to Mm worth £7 
billion were “Indricons”. He 
wrote to Mr MacGregor that 
the only commitments be 
made concerned pensions, 
child benefit and the payment 
of supplementary benefit 
That had been costed at 
£3.6 billion, Mr Meacher 

Rain stopped play for Snoopy, the basset hound, and her owner Mrs Vicky Thomson-Carr, 
of Nutting Hill Gate, at the Battersea Park dog show yesterday. The show was organized by 
Pro-Dogs to aid its active therapy scheme (Photograph: Ros Drinkwater). 

Barristers to blacklist 
slow-paying solicitors 

The Bar is to name and 
withdraw credit from solic- 
itors who deliberately delay or 
refuse to pay barristers for 
their work. 

Mr Robert Johnson, QG> 
chairman of the Bar Fees and 
Legal Aid Committee, said 
yesterday that barristers 
would demand fees in ad- 
vance from blacklisted solic- 
itors from the autumn. 

He said that although there 
were less than a dozen firms 
who were persistent slow pay- 
ers, or refused payment a 
number of barristers faced 
financial difficulty because of 
unpaid fees. 

“Outstanding debts to a 
barrister of £30,000 are quite 

usual, and if you get paid 
within two years of the work 
you are doing welL It is the 
younger and weaker barristers 
who are the victims”, he said. 

The problem was most ev- 
ident in protracted matri- 
monial or civil injury cases. 

Mr Johnson said the Usual 
method of dealing with slow 
payment was for the chairman 
of the Bar to write to the 
senior partner of the firm 

The withdrawal of credit 
scheme was unanimously ap- 
proved by 250 members of the 
Bar at its annual general 
meeting in Central Hall, 


\7TC €!~\ . *-r 

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agree to 
end picket 

The National Graphical 
Association has agreed to end 
mass picketing at the News 
International plant, * at 
Wapping, east London. 1 

The derision by the NGA 
national council on Saturday 
brings the onion into line with 
Sogat *82, the biggest print 
anion, which decided last week 
to comply with the High Court 
order limiting to six the num- 
ber of pickets outside the print 

Mr Tony Dobbins, the 
NGA general secretary, told a 
meeting of 800 print workers 
in Bethnal Green, east Lon- 
don, that tiie union had to 
avoid any action which could 
result in its assets being seized 
by the courts so it could 
continue to financially support 
the seven-month dispute with 
News IntevnationaL 

“The national council has 
agreed, reluctantly, to comply 
with the court order. We have 
issued the instructions of the 
court to oar members", he 

“Bat we place on record opr 
disgust- that, once again, Jlrit- 
ffch jtttfgesratppearto be -using 
Tory laws on behalf of an 
American to takg.aroy. ftp 
jobs of British workers.” .. - 

On Thursday Mr Justice 
Stnart-Smith ruled tint the 
number of pickets should be 
limited to six at Wapping and 
the former offices in Gray's 
Inn Road and Bonverie Street 
after hearing evidence of vi- 
ol enceand intimidation by the 
protestors against News Inter- 
national workers. 

Demonstrations involving 
“the commission of wrongful 
acts” were banned, but the 
print unions could organize 
“peaceful, disciplined and or- 
derly marches around the 
plant unless police directed 
otherwise”. . _ . 

Print ' onion members 
swelled a march from Tower 
Hill to Wapping organized 7 by 
the Women's Rights Commit- 
tee of the south region of the 
TUC to about 2J500 on 

The police said the 
demonstration was generally 
peaceful but 10 people- had 
been arrested for pubfic order 
offences. - 
• Mr- Eddy Shaft yesterday: 
denied reports that he was to 
quit Today, tite colour tabloid 
newspaper he launched last 


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* V. 

Party victims 

Four men were stabbed and 
14 people arrested when fight- 
ing broke out at a party in 
Brighton yesterday. The stab- 
bing victims, one of whom 
also had a fractured skull, 
were taken to the Royal 
Sussex Hospital. 

Lean times 

Basildon Hospital, Essex, is 
to charge a £l deposit for 
crutches in an attempt to 
make patients return them 
and stem a £3,000 a year loss. 

Wnriri Chess Champions jup 

Third title draw an 
uneventful affair 



■ t » 

; r 

Vk' 11 

The third game of the world 
chess championship between 
Gary Kasparov and Anatoly 
Karpov ended in a draw 
after 35 moves. The split 
decision, the third in succes- 
sion, was an uneventful affair 
with the challenger, Karpov, 
aged 35. playing white, enjoy- 
ing what experts called a 
microscopic edge for much of 
the game. , 

After overlooking a clean 
win in the second game of his 
world title defence, Kasparov 
appeared unusually subdued 
for game three. As in his first 
encounter with Karpov, the 
opening was a Grunfeld de- 
fence. this time the Schlechier 

After an early exchange of 
pawns in the centre, a sym- 
metrical position arose, but 
one in which Karpov's pieces 
were more aggressively posted 
and commanded greater 
space. Kasparov appeared un- 
comfortable in that he used 45 
minutes for the opening 
move, compared with 
Karpov's 15. 

Kasparov continued to pon- 
der over his moves while 
Karpov moved swiftly and 
easily, probing the black posi- 
tion for possible targets. 
Karpov massed his rooks on 
the “c” file and threatened to 
smash through in the middle 
of the board with the lunge e4. 
Kasparov was obliged to fight 
back and meet this potential 
advance with an apparently 
weakening ■ thrust of his i 
pawn. : 

Karpov broke into the sev- 
enth rank with his rook, but at 
this stage the former 
champion's play slowed as he 
searched for a clear way to use 
his advantage. Black, formerly 
in disarray, regrouped and 
grandmasters were full of 
praise for Kasparov's elastic 
defensive manoeuvres. Three 
games have now been played 
for three draws. 

Soviet officials are im- 
pressed at the high level of 
public attention their players 
are attracting. They are con- 
sidering use of revolutionary 
British technology to relay the 
moves around the world dur- 

ing the second half of the 
match, which will take place 

in Leningrad. 

(White. Karpov) 



2 04 


3 NI3 


4 g3 


5 Bg2 


6 cxd5 


7 Nc3 


8 Ne5 


9 0-0 


TO N13 


11 814 




13 CM2 


14 Bxe5 


15 Rfdl 


16 Bxg7 


17 Racl 


16 0<4 


19 QxbS 





21 Ki2 


22 e3 


23 Rd2 







r . 

26 Bd3 



27 M 



28 b3 


29 Ne2 


30 Rc5 


31 Rc7 



32 Rxc7 


33 Ngt 


— * 

34 Rcl 


■ p 

35 Rxc8 

Draw agreed 

isi*! i 


Why women are 
left behind 

Women need to be en- 
couraged more to compete 
against men at chess, a world- 
ranked woman player said 

Dr Jana Miles, who ranks 
I3th in ihe International 
Chess Federation's table of 
women players, was speaking 
at the world championships 
where the 400-capacity audi- 
ence is predominantly male. 

Dr Miles, an anaesthetist, 
who- began playing chess in 
Prague at the age of 1 1, said 
women were not ai the same 
level as men in chess because 
of social conditioning. 

Dr Miles said the world 
chess rating system meant 
women entered the top ranks 
at a lower leveL but on the 
same scale as the men. 

"Women must be en- 
couraged. but unless they 
encounter good opposition — 
the top men players - they 
will only stagnate.” 

• At the end of round six in 
ihe British championship in 
Southampton, the lead was 
shared by Chandler. Plaskett 
and Mestel with five points 

In this round Plaskett was 
well held to a draw by Michael 
Adams in 32 moves. Chandler 
drew with Watson in 33 
moves and Mestel won an 
exciting game with the black 
pieces against Hebden in 25 

Other results: Norwood 0; 
Speelman 1; Flear Vi; King ft; 
Condie ft; McDonald ft; Con- 
quest (fc Prasad I: Crawley ft; 
Kosten ft. 

In the British ladies 
championship Susan Arkeli is. 
leading with 5ft points ahead 
of Rani Homed and Christine 
Flear with four points each. 


: i'iiisl- 


by Army 

Two teenage brothers shot 
by a soldier while being driven 
in their father's car in Co 
Tyrone were said to be poorly 
in hospital yesterday. 

Mrs Elizabeth Rainey, an 
aunt of the two boys, Clifford 
Rainey, aged 13, and bis 
brother Raymond, . aged 18. 
said the family accepted the 
shooting was as accident 

The brothers were being 
driven by their father near the 
strongly Republican village of 
POmeroy on Saturday when 
the car was struck by several 
bullets. Both boys were shot in 
the legs; Clifford was also 
badly hurt in one hand. They 
underwent emergency surgery. 

Neither the police nor the 
Army would comment yes- 
terday but a family friend said 
their father had been told a 
gun, set to automatic fire, was 
accidentally discharged by a 
soldier jumping a ditch. 

About three hours after the 
shooting and again, some five 
hours later, other Army pa- 
trols in the area were fired 
upon by terrorists. Several 
rounds were fired at them and 
on one occasion troops fired 
back twice. There were no 
reported casualties. 

In Londonderry, Spencer 
Road, the main thoroughfare 
of the largely Protestant 
Waterside district, has been 
dosed to traffic by the RUC. 

Traders claim the closure — 
to all traffic except people 
having business in the area - 
will gravely affect business. 

Plea for 
the speech 

By Thomson Prentice : 
Extra help for more than 
two million people who suffer 
from speech handicap in Brit- 
ain is urgently needed, accord- 
ing to the results of a survey 
published today. * 
Previous research has 
underestimated the number 
who suffer. Vocal (Voluntary 
Organizations Communica- 
tion and Language), which 
represents 29 charities, says. 

The survey of medical lit- 
erature, was carried out by 
specialists in Bristol. 

It says that a better nation- 
wide system of gathering 
information about such con- 
ditions is essential if the 
quality of National Health 
Service planning is' to 

Speech and Language Handi- 
cap: Towards Knowing The Size 
Of The Probiem (Vocal, 336 


Road. London SW9 — 

Cabbie’s bride 

Janice Reed, ihe fiancee of 
taxi-driver David Wilkie, who - 
was killed during the miners' 
strike, married his best friend, 
Jimmy Cowan, in Cardiff at 
the weekend. Mr Cowan is 
also a taxi driver. 

Austria Set) 39; BetHum B Fn 60c 

ggjfflE *gPL niy l a. 7oo runS* 
17 °- **»«■ 

... Madeira Esc 


Call for attack on parasite 

Cat fleas can kill, says scientist 

The common cat : flea, 
looked npoa as no more than 
an irritation, is a potential 
killer, according to a leading 
aotbority on fleas. 

New research has shown 
that the flea’s ability to carry 
and transmit disease has been 
severely underestimated. So, 
too, has its debilitating and 
sometimes deadly effect oa the 
animals on which it lives and 

feeds. . 

Dr Bernice William* of the 
Medical Entomology Centre 
at Cambridge University, be- 
lieves the flea can also pass on 
the rodent diseases of bubonic 
plague and marine typhus 
from infected animats to 

It is also thought possible 
mat the flea has a role in 
t^dsmifttog feline leukaemia 
roro-the cat version of 

Dr Williams is calling for a 
mil-scale attack on the para- 
site using a new compound 
called Methoprene. 

The substance interferes 
with the flea s natural cycle of 
develop ment and is not as 
pfmfol to animals, and 
humans as conventional 

She is angry about “mis- 
cowepnons about die flea in 
bio logical and veterinary text- 
looks as well as learned 
scie ntific papers”. 

Writing in Nett Scientist 
she says that one of the more 

the irritation of bites and could 1 . « 
develop a n a emia Tapeworms 
be acquired through 
swallowing fleas carrying .1 
tnpeworm cysts. Fleas can also 
pass on feline gastric enteritis. 

Fleas were thought to be - 
relatively harmless until 
American scientists disco v- . 
wed their ability to absorb 
dangerous micro-organisms. . 

Dr John Maunder, fsrowrty T. 
Sf London School of J 
HHpeae and Tropical Medi- * 
gne and now a colleague of Dr 
WJbams at Cambridge, said 
implications of her re- 
search were 

While the main 
Britain was to cats 


risk to 
and es- 

It is thought fleas played a 

part in tftedeaths of several i ped ^ ST&to I: 

Libyans from jdagne after they £ of nog * 
had stunned diseased anim al s the infested cat ordx tovmdiag a seriously in- - 

and goats. Yet, animals snflSd from “m* 1 had prevtonsiy 


been the host. 


iiOivit Inc WS 

foster crime and 

By Ifeter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

Fatherless ... families 
encourage crime, according to 
a book published today byihe 
independent Social Arabs 
Unit. The research and educa- 
tional trust attacks the Church 
of England' and ~ the 

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i». .. 

Government's soda! security 
reform proposals for Ailing to 
support the traditional family. 

Miss Patricia . Morgan, a 
former research fellow at the 
Loudon School ofEconomics, 
says children from families 
deprived of fathers by illegiti- 
macy, divorce; separation, 
desertion or the feminist 
choice of mothers to be single 
parents, are more likely- to 
suffer impaired development, 
perform poorly in school and 
engage in crime ■ and 

to generate a- brutalized and 
violent masculine style. 

. Referring to feminists’ cam- 
paigns to boost fatherless fam - 
ffies, Miss Morgan writes that 
there is something pathetic 
and perverse about the de- 


» . 

va-v. - 

... ■ 




V V! 


.enormous, increase m 
t one-parent families, 71 per 
» cent for I97I-8I, now affects 
about 1.5 millioii children 
and up to one in three in inner 
city and. deprived areas. The 
increase is ovenvhdmingly in 
-'r fatherless families. - 
; - Parenting is .not ' synonym 
• ■ . rT mous ; with , mothering me. 
book says. Children need to 
grow op in mixed adult com- 
■ ' , pany. Other male children are 
not adequate company, es- 
pedafly for boys, 
ft can be predicted with 
^ certainty that any increase in 
, r the number of boys, without 
'V._^ dose,(aduft)males with • 
V socially acceptable standards 
; of behaviour is — guaranteed 

mands for rape crisis centres, 
security bolt&and self-defence 
classes from those doing thdr 
best to promote the very social 
conditions which necessitate 
such services. 

In the bode, Family Por- 
traits, Dr Digby Anderson and 
Or Graham Dawson .write 
that, though many parish 
priests and individual bishops 
continue to leach family val- 
, ues, the Church ofEngland as 
a whole has permitted itself a 
public image of moral 
woottiness. ... 

By silence, extravagant 
circumspection and occa- 
sionally positive endorse- 
ment, it has colluded with 
easier divorce, equivocated 
over abortion and issues of 
.sexual normalcy and been so. 
Obsessed with its obligation to 
help femOy: casualties that -it 
■ has neglected an equal 

That is to teach dearly, 
loudly and with insistence on 
the penal consequences of 
disobedience, those tra- 
ditional Christian moral stan- 
dards so historically entwined 
with normal iamify structure. , 

■ Mrs Hennione Parker says., 
that government policies in 
personal income taxation and 

social security do not offer 
support, to the traditional 
family, but quite the reverse. 

Extra tax reBefe and benefits 
paid to families of broken 
marriages, to cohabiting cou- 
ples or to unmarried motfaeis 
put a premium on family 
break-up on de facto as op- 
posed to legal marriage. 

Tbe bias against the tra- 
ditional 'family, all the nunc j 
remarkable in a governing 
party which calls itsdf tbe 
party of the family, is in- 
creased by the Government's 
recent social security reform 
proposals, Mrs Parker says. 

By building on existing 
irrationalities, Mr Norman 
Fowler, Secretary of Stale for 
. Health and Social Security, 
merely makes matters worse. 

Mrs Valerie Riches writes of I 
scbools subverting family val- 
ues. She itemizes the com- 
plaints of parents about wrong 
sex education which suffers 
from amorality and contempt 
for parental wishes. 

Schools involved are no 
longer content to see them- 
selves as agents carrying out 
specialist educational tasks 
delegated to them by parents. 

Instead, they now teach 
values that are hostile to the 

Family Portraits, edited by 
Digby Anderson and Gr aham 
Dawson (Social Affairs Unit, 2 
Lord North Street. London 
SW 1 P 3LB; £4.95). - 

Fenny Pfenfck. page 9 

Higher charges to 

By Hugh Clayton, EavirapflMnfGesTespuiidait • - . 
Admission rfuwy s to cotin- deterred tbe crowds,.and there 






try houses and castles are 
rising much faster than the 
cost of living, the English 
Tourist Board reports today. 

Charges have doubled in the 
past six years while tbe cost of 
living has goner up. by about 
two-thirtls. ; .~..i 

were 3 per cent more visitors 
to historic properties last year 
than in 1979. 

The rapid rise in charges 
means that the money gained 
from admission was almost a 
third higher in real terms than 
tit 1979* " “ : 

Ttegapi between the two' is-. «• More people are visiting 
widening with admission historic buiTding^agam after a 

charges up by 9 per cent in the 
past year. The board says 
England's historic heritage is 
“a powerful draw few the more 
educated, high-spending 

drop in numbers daring the 
early 1980s. 

Westminster Abbey, where 
there is no general admission 
fee. is by far the most popular 
historic building in England 


Pica for 
the speed 

■piere are now J5 estates— rrhe Tower .of London is 
which-cfaarge- at; least £3 a. yj e most popular historic- .j 
head. They in c lu de flta nH e n building where vjpiigrs have 
in Hampshire, owned by Lord, t ^ pay. ;* 

Montagu, ebainiuur nHir — 'Stottebengn is the most 

Gold case 
‘has fled’ 

By Stewart Tesdler 
Crime Reporter 

A Briton living in Spain and 
sought by Scotland Yard for 
questioning about the £26 
million Bnnks-Mat robbery 
may have fled to South Amer- 
ica or gone into hiding to 
avoid formal expulsion by the 

Madrid authorities. 

Spanish -police discovered 
that John Fleming, aged 45 
and originally from south 
London, had v anish ed when 
they went to his home last 
week to check his movements. 

Tie faced having to leave 
Spain . under. the new. aliens.] 
Act’ ijeeaiBe of ^-passport 

Under tbe Act, Britons be- 

Peter Phillips, aged w g fct , 
dressed for country pursuits, 
tackles a hamburger with his 
mother. Princess Amte, in 
between downpours at 
Dauntsey Park Horse Trials 
near Great Semerford, Wilt- 
shire, yesterday. 

He and his sister Zara (left), 
aged five, watched the Prin- 
cess compete in the dressage 

• The Duke and Duchess of 
York, who -arrived hack on 
Saturday from their Azores 
honeymoon aboard the Royal 
Yacht Britannia, were spotted 
briefly on deck when storms 
faced the ship to dock at 
Portsmouth instead of Cowes. 

Their first official post- 
honeymoon public appearance 

is on Saturday, August 16, 
when the Queen unveils a 
plaque to w«win*n>o wte the 
850th anniversary of Aber- 
deen harbour. They wiB tben 
join the rest of the Royal 
Family at Balmoral for their 
summer holiday. 

• Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother, who is 86 today, was 
given a roesing version of 
“Happy Birthday to Yon" bya 
Crowd of 250 outside the royal 
estate chnrch »♦ S»nHringlnm 

• A musical made from tbe 
Prince of Wales's children's 
book. The Old Man of 
Locknagar, is to open in a 
production by the 
Theatre Company at 
Majesty's Theatre in Aber- 
deen on September 10. 

Lord King 
BBC job 

By Gavin Bell 
Aits Correspondent 

Lord King of Wannaby, 
chairman of British Airways, 
has denied that he is seeking 
the chairmanship of the BBC 

A brief statement by his 
spokesman yesterday said no 
approaches had been made to 
Lord King, nor had be made 
any approaches to the Gov- 
ernment for the job. 

Speculation arose that Lord 
King might become head of 
the BBC after the privatiza- 
tion of British Airways, which 
is expected next year, because 
Mr Stuart Young, the present 
chairman, is receiving treat- 
ment for a serious illness. Mr 
Young’s term of office expires 
in 1988. 

The corporation said yes- 
terday that Mr Young had 
been at his desk every working 
day for the past month, and 
that his treatment was due to 
be completed in the autumn. 

However, any candidature 
by Lord Kingis likely to be 
favoured by Downing Street 
and by Mr Norman Tebbit, 
the Conservative Pany chair- 
man, who recently created a 
media bias unit in the party 

Some BBC executives with 
private sector experience 
could also welcome the 
appointment of Lord King, 
but others are known to have 
misgivings about his close 
associations with the Conser- 
vative Party. 

The recent appointment of 
Lord Barnett, afoimer Labour 
MP. as vice chairman of the 
BBC was seen by some exec- 
utives as redressing the politi- 
cal balance which they 
perceived had tilted to the 
right under Mr Young and Sir 
William Rees-Mogg, the pre- 
vious vice chairman. 

An independent source in 
tbe corporation said the prin- 
cipal concern, should be 
whether the appointment of 
Lord King would be in the 
public interest. 

“How does one equate his 
successful management of an 
airline with a public 
broadcasting organization? 




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English ^ Heritage Q 1 
Blenheim Palace, near 
ford, and Leeds Castle 

Almost 500 other English 
historic properties, out of 
more than 1 ,000 monitored by 
the board, ; charge -idsitors - 
between £1 and £3. each; ; 

But frigh charges have not • 

popular outdoor, attraction 
which carries an admission 
charge, ft had almost 650,000 
visitors last year, white Hamp- 
ton Court went up by 11 per 
cent to more than 600,000. 
English Heritage Monitor. En- 
glish Tourist B«urdr24-Grosvfr- 
nor Gardens, London SWiW 
0ET (£8.50). , - 

US news 
by satellite 
in autumn 

By Bin Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

British cable television 

Expanding the Underground 

£lbn plan for new city line 

By Michael Bally, Transport Editor 

A £1000 million under- seventies and early eighties. emment wiD be asked to 
ground train line across cen- .'.-But traffic levels a rrafrrndy increase, investment new 
tral London is being nudging rnaximiHir x^ixacity trams and ' ■**-- 

considered for the 1990s id - on the Central Line and at- • New. pi 
cope wifo a large rise miraffitfwwqararinalssudUBjfidPiifcgpdL 



Tower of London 

Roman baths and pomp room. Bath 
State apartments, Windsor Castle 
Stonehenge, WBtshire 
Warwick Castte ' 

Hampton Court Palace ' 
Shakespeare's birthplace, Stretford 
Beaoieu. Ham psh ir e • 

St George's Crwpef. Windsor 
Ann Hathaway 's cottage. Shottery 

for IMS 











* npwi lor OH i wtf i, Lnngl— » aad WdwmAhbey ire i 

Source: De pa rtment of ttm Bwironm mt, Engfisft Heritage, National Trust and a» 
En^eh Tourist Board 

Free vWlor adnMooa 

WeSuiNralBr i 

St Paul's i 

Canterbury Cathedral - - - 
King's College chapel, Cambridge 
Chester Cathedral 
Coventry Cathedral 
Norwich Cathedral 
St Alban's Abbey 
Gloucester Cathedral 





■ 500,000 


Source Sunny of visits to tourist attractions, EngSsh Tourist Board 

plans. Those would be passed 
on to Scotland Yard. 

Mr Fleming left a message 
for the Spanish police saying 
he had flown to South Amer- 
ica. The police were told Mr 
Fleming Was beading for Bra- 
zil, which has no extradition 
treaty with Britain and has 
already been used by another 
Briton wanted in connection 
with the Brinks-Mat raid. 

Mr Fleming, according to 
Scotland Yard, checked some 
months ago the possibility of 
moving to South America. A 
senior source said yesterday ft 
was possible that Mr Fleming 
had not left Spmn but was in 

Another Briton ■ Scotland 
Yard would like to question 
about the Brinks^Mat robbery 
has been living in the United 
States. He is thought to have 
slipped into Britain again 
some time earlier this' year, 
[but be evaded police. 

So far six men have been 
convicted in London in 
connection with the armed 
robbery at a high-security 
warehouse near Heathrow air- 
port in November 1983. 



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Movements of 
missing estate 
agent relived 

The police win today re- 
construct tbe movements of 
Miss S usanna Lara pi ugh, tbe 
soutb-west London estate- 
agent, on the day she vanished 
in Fulham a week ago. 

Senior officers are now very 
pessimistic about the fate of 
the woman and puzzled over 
her disappearance. 

Miss Lamplugh, aged 25, 
was last seen when she met a 
“Mr Kipper” outside a house 
which was for sale. 

Her FOrd Fiesta car was 
found a mile away near the 
Thames. It was unlocked, and 
her purse was stiO in it 
The police do not know if 
Miss Lamplugh was still with 
the car when it was left - or 
whether she had been taken 
somewhere else. 

There are several routes 
between the two places, along 
main roads or sidestreets, hut 
the information provided by 
witnesses so far allows only a 
short time between Miss 
Lamplugh showing the house 
to the mysterious client and 
the parking of the car. 

Hie road where the car was 
left is fairly quiet but nearby 
there is an (dd people's home, 
a petrol depot and a small 
sports centre. It is also over- 
looked by fiats. 

At the time the car* was 
abandoned the tide had been 
dropping from a high mark of 
about 18ft for nearly two 
horns. The Thames at that 
at has quite a lot of traffic 
. pleasure craft. 

Savage killing of girl 
who ran out of petrol 

Miss Diane SudaUra florist 
whose body was found fr an 
alleyway in Birkenhead, 
Merseyside, was beaten to 
death after her van ran put of 
petrol, police banting her 
killer said last night. 

She was fund naked from 
the waist down aad had severe . 
farial injuries, Chief Insp 
Geoff Harrison said. *Tt was a 
very savage attack.” 

Miss Smdall, aged 21, of 
Cressington Avenne, 
Tranmere, Birkenhead, also 
wwked as a part-time barmaid 
at a public house in 
neighbouring Bgbingtou. She 

was either on her way home or 

to her fiance's home when 
attacked at about flridmght on 
Friday night 

• Miss Dawn Ashworth, 
aged IS, whose body was 
discovered mder a pile of hay 

Diane SindalL beaten 
to death 

at Enderby, Leicestershire, 
was the victim of a sex 
attacker, police said. 

Miss Ashworth, of Mill 
Lane, Emtefry, disappeared 
on Thursday after leaving a 
friend's house to walk home. 

satellite 24-hour news chan- 

The news sendee, tailored 
for European nfeittt, will 
be an extension of the snccess- 
fal Cable News Network 
(CNN) which is taken by 34 
wMilinn homes -in the United 

Slates. ' .“. 

The annomieemait- comes 
only days after Independent 
Television News submitted its 
plans to the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority for a 
24-hour satellite aews 

The ITN. service, if given 
approval, would be launched 
in about three year's time, 
using a British satellite. ' 
Programmes would be 
atmed direct to viewers' 
homes — those equipped with 
the equipment which would 
cost about <200. 

Tbe US service is being 
distributed by a lower-powered 
satellite and can only be 
received by those who have an 
antenna costing several thou- 
sand pounds. The service 
would then be redistributed 
The service, which wfl] be- 
lt in the autumn, is a big 
change for the network. Dur- 
ing the past year ft has beamed 
Its largely mattered American 
ramming in|y Britain and 
rest of. Europe. It is 
unclear, -when any of these 
services might prose profit- 
able. The ' American. CNN, 
which expects to make $50 
million this year, is already 
losing about $4 milfioa a year 
on its European operation. 

In the past two years 20 
franchises have been granted 
in the United Kingdom for 
operating, mnlti.-chnnn.el 
(about 30 channels) cable 

television systems. .. 

Crashes kill 4 

Four people were killed in 
crashes in Hampshire yes- 
terday morning. A motorist in 
bis twenties burned, alive 
when bis car skidded and bit a 
tree near WoodmancotL Two - 
motorcyclists died after strik- 
ing a concrete post near Little 
London, and a youth died in 
bwspital after being in col- 
lision with a car at Stratfield 

The line would rim from 
Fulham, in west London, to 
Hackney, in east London, 
with stops at Chelsea, Vic- 
toria, Waterloo, Aldwych, 
Holboro, Farringdon, Old 
Street, Shoreditch, and 

1Qngs Cross.: 

Tbe new line is the most 
costly and remote of four 
groups of remedial measures 
currently being planned; 

• Better existing services 
through improved pi 
and operating. More 

^ Traffic on the Underground ~hour trains are "to be m- 
has increased by 50 per cent in traduced in the aummn on the 
tbe past three years to a record -Central Jubilee, Northern, 
672 million passenger four- and Victoria lines, 
neys last year. That was after a •More new trains and un- 
derline to 498 million in tbe proved signalling. The Gov- 

at - existing stations.' 

Cross, Victoria, Ho! 
Liverpool Street Angel and 
Tower Hill are some of the 
stations being studied. 

• New linei Light railways 
like that under construction in 
Docklands would be much 
cheaper,' anti-anothcr may be 
built in the Croydon area. But 
across central London there is 
no possibility of an overhead 
railway. A new underground is 
the only way. 





■ 716, 




passenger journeys g 

Jj 650 

- - 


694. .. 

M n—-iTn ntjirf 


^5*^ ' k 





H 1975 77 79 81 83 

as 87 B 

Vital statistics reveal 
a fast growing trend 

A . survey which last month 
revealed that women are 
growing has found that men, 
too, are getting bigger and 

The survey, by the Hanssen 
Diet Helpline, shows that the 
average male is now 5ft 8fein 
and 11 stone 8Tb, compared to 
5ft 4in and 9 stone 4(b 200 

It also shows that while 
women now average 5ft 3Wm. 
four inches more than 200 
years ago, and weigh 9 stone 
I lib, most would still prefer to 
lose weight. 

Three in four women think 
they are overweight and one 

in five thinks she is very 
overweight Only one in 20 
thinks she is the correct 

The average female waist 
measures 29in while the av- 
erage hip measurement is 
39in. Seventy per cent . of 
women would like to lose one 
to four inches from the waist. 

The survey shows that al- 
most 40 per cent of men and 
32 per cent of women are 
overweight and that one in 
four women starts io diet at 
the age of IS. A quarter of 
women never exercise, al- 
though about 60 per cent own 
a leotard and a tracksuit. 

Neanderthals take a place in the family tree 

The possibffity dial suae 
inter-breeding could have 
taken place between 
Neanderthals and tbe an- 
cestors of modern homo sapi- 
ens is rafted in a report of new 
discoveries from one of the 
most important archaeological 
sites m Europe. 

The details, published in 
this week's issue of Nature, 
tbe international science jour- 
nal contain a radical revision, 
of the inferred fife of the 

By Pear ce Wri ght, Science Editor 

Neanderthals in Europe, in. site of Moraterian cnftnre and By bombarding tbe fl’mti 

industry, protected .witbin care.^ witb eosmic rays, tbe amount 

which they were befieved to 
have thrived as a distinctive 
race of human beings. 

The description of a series 
of relatively advanced tools, 
and other artefacts associated 
with than, comes from discov- 
eries at Le Moustier, in the 
Dordogne Valley, south-west 

Neanderthals w ere thought 
to have become extinct more 
than 50,000 years ago. The 

and rock shelters, has long 
been, regarded as one of tbe 
most important records of 
their evolution. 

But confusion about dates 
led a group of archaeologists 
responsible for the new 
chronology to use the tech- 
nique of thenno-lmninesceace 
dating to measure the age of 
flint found at the remains of 

anripnf /ramp 

of energy released as beat is a 
me a sure of the lapse of time 
between their immersion in the 
.primitive fire and the lab- 
oratory testing. 

Tbe scientists were led by 
H ValhdaSj J M Geneste ami 
J L Joront, of the Centre Na- 
tional de la Recherche 
Scientifiqne, Paris, and 
J P Chadefle, of the Univer- 
sity of Bordeaux. 

The effect of their work is to 
show with greater precision 
the conditions in which the 
primitives lived between 
115,000 and 40,000 years ago. 

Writing in the same issue of 
Nature, Dr Paul Mellors, of 
the Department of Archaeol- 
ogy. Cambridge . University, 
said that die consequence of 
the work means that a re- 
analysis is needed of the 
climatic «wd human changes 
during the period. 

win backing 
to race ‘away’ 

The Government has 
backed a report from the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission which calls for 
changes in the rules of the 
National Greyhound Racing 
Club to allow ft members the 
freedom to race greyhounds 
on independent tracks. 

The two-year investigation 
found the rules restricted com- 
petition and operated against 
the public interest. 

It took substantial evidence 
which alleged they were often 
broken by the racing dub's 
owners and trainers who ran 
greyhounds on independent 
tracks under different names. 

The racing club's 40 li- 
censed tracks dominate the 
sport, attracting more than 90 
per cent of the estimated five 
million annual attendance 
and the bulk of the £900 
million gambled. 

The commission's report 
says modification of the 
restrictive rules would pro- 
vide more legitimate grey- 
hound racing 
Mr Michad Howard, Min- 
ister for Consumer Affafts. has 
accepted the findings and 
recommendations and asked 
the Office of Fair Trading to 
discuss rule changes with the 
raring club. 

Sweet food 
for better 
love life 

Oysters, asparagus and 
powdered rhinoceros horn are 
known the world over as 
aphrodisiacs, but for those 
who really want to revive a 
flagging sex life, scientists 
recommend developing a 
sweet tooth. 

Researchers at the Hebrew 
University in Jerusalem have 
discovered in experiments 
with rats that sexual activity 
can be “greatly enhanced" by 
feeding them sweetened 

They believe that a constit- 
uent in the sugar triggers the 
part of the brain which con- 
trols tbe sex drive. 

The brain is known to 
contain a chemical PEA. 
which acts as a stimulant and 
is supposed to be responsible 
for the "falling id love 

There are also very small 
quantities of PEA in chocolate 
which could explain why they 
are so popular as a gift from 
those with amorous 

Record for 
jailhouse rock 

Inside Out, a non-touring 
band which includes three 
convicted murderers, is to cut 
its first record tomorrow after 
entertaining inmates at 
Wormwood Scrubs prison, 
west London, every Friday 
night for the past four years. 

A mobile recording studio, 
owned by Mr Richard 
Branson will be set up in the 
prison's recreation hall to 
record the song, described as 
“raunchy” by the group's 
founder, Mr David Bruce, a 
prison officer for 19 years. 

Sticking point 
for sweeps 

Children visiting a Derby- 
shire museum are being given 
the chance to find out what it 
was like being a Victorian 
chimney sweep, but they keep 
getting stuck. 

A 20 ft high mock-up of a 
Victorian chimney, complete 
with authentic cast iron fire- 
place has been built at the 
Sudbury Hall Museum of 
Childhood, in Derbyshire. But 
today's children are a lot 
plumper than the little hungry 
boys and girls in Dickens's day 
and the museum says several 
children had got jammed. 

2p cigarette 
rise expected 

^ Increased cigarette prices, 
adding probably 2p Ufa packet 
of 20 cigarettes, are expected 
to be announced by manufac- 
turers soon. 

The move comes after a 
decision by Imperial Tobacco, 
part of Hanson Trust, to 
increase the price of its cigars 
from August 18 because of 
increased costs. 

Ship home 

The P&O liner Canberra 
arrived back in Southampton 
yesterday at the end of a 
Mediterranean cruise on 
which 46 passengers and crew 
suffered from a virus infec- 
tion. The company is con- 
fident ft has now dealt with tbe 
virus, but says that 50 
prospective passengers have 
cancelled holidays. 

Shuttle tribute 

Mr Cliff Mancey, a sculptor 
from Hertfield, Sussex, is to 
make a £150,000 life-sized 
monument to the crew of the 
American Challenger space 
shuttle. The commission came 
from the mayor of San Anto- 
nio, Texas, after he saw Mr 
Mancey's bust of tbe school- 
teacher Christa McAuliffe. 
who died in the explosion. 

Death charge 

Kenneth Erskine, aged 23. 
who has been accused of 
murdering two pensioners in 
Stockwell south London, has 
been further charged with 
killing Mr William Carment, 

! 82, in North London. Mr 
Erskine has been remanded in 
custody until Wednesday. 

Blank view 

Photographic laboratories 
yesterday reported a big rise in 
the number of films of blank 
television screens after the 
royal wedding of the Duke and 
Duchess of York, in spite of 
warnings that it is not nor- 
mally possible to take photo- 
graphs from ihe television. 

Botham aid 

Cricketer Ian Botham was 
presented with a cheque for 
£888.000. raised during his 
900-mile walk from John 
o’Graai's to Land's End in aid 
of children's leukaemia re- 
search, at Weston-super- 
Mare; Avon, yesterday. 

£30,000 error 

A black briefcase containing 
jewellery worth almost 
£30,000 disappeared after a 
woman drove off leaving ft by 
mistake under a restaurant 
table at Taunton Dene on the 

Ramsey hurt 

Lord Ramsey, the former 
Archbishop of Canterbury, 
aged 81. and his wife, aged 77, 
each received slight head inju- 
ries yesterday when their car 
and a police car crashed in 
Durham yesterday. 



Infectious disease labs 
face threat of cuts 
as outbreaks increase 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

The number of public 
health laboratories which 
specialize in combatting infec- 
tious diseases is likely to be 
cut, in spite of a government 
pledge 10 months ago that the 
service would stay intact 

The plan is being pushed 
forward when senior officials 
in the service are worried 
about theirability to cope with 
increasing outbreaks of men- 
ingitis, Legionnaire's disease. 
Aids and food poisoning. 

Staff working at the 52 
regional units in England and 
Wales have been told that six 
of the laboratories will effec- 
tively be closed. An official 
decision will possibly be an- 
nounced in October. 

The Government last au- 
tumn abandoned cost-saving 
plans to hand over the run- 
ning of the service to local 
authorities, after its proposals 
were criticized by scientists, 
doctors and health officials. 

Since then, the Public 
Health Laboratory Service 
(PHLS) board has set up a 
working party to review the 
system. In a letter to staff. Dr 
Joseph Smith, director of the 
board, has said it has “pro- 
visionally concluded that it 
might need to withdraw from 
perhaps six of its laboratories'* 
and possibly create a new one. 

Dr Smith's letter says the 

service’s facilities “are now so 
stretched that public health 
will be put at risk unless the 
network oflaboratories is both 
strong and strategically 
distributed for ma ximum ef- 
ficiency and effectiveness.** 

The director of one of the 
laboratories, who asked not to 
be named, said yesterday: 
“The morale of scientists and 
doctors working in the service 
has been devastated by this 
proposaL I have no doubt this 
is only the first phase in the 
plan to reduce drastically the 
number _ of public health 

Another senior figure 
within the laboratory service 
said “The service has been 
cut to the botle in recent years 
and our resources have been 
stretched very thinly. This 
plan may lead to a more 
effective system, but many of 
us have serious doubts." 

Dr Dennis Jones, director of 
the service's laboratory in 
Manchester, said: “The 
planned changes are still at an 
early stage. They are an at- 
tempt to improve the ef- 
ficiency of the service and if 
they can be seen to be likely to 
achieve that goal they will be 
welcomed in the long run." 

• Health experts investigating 
an outbreak of meningitis are 
striving to calm parents in an 

area where the incidence of 
the infection is 14 times the 
national average. 

Later this week, Baronness 
Trumpington, junior health 
minister, and Sir Donald Acfa- 
eson, chief medical officer of 
the Department of Health, 
address a public meeting in 
Stroud, Gloucestershire, a dis- 
trict where three children have 
died of the disease and almost 
a hundred people have been 
affected in the past four years. 

The latest victim, a boy 
aged seven, died 10 days ago. 
Seventy-one other people 
have died of the disease so for 
in Britain this year, almost as 
many as in the whole of 1984. 

Mr Edward- Cooper, a 
paediatrician at Gloucester- 
shire Royal Hospital who has 
treated. more than a dozen 
cases, said: “Meningitis has 
not readied epidemic propor- 
tions in this area and the 
chance of a child contracting 
the disease is' still very 

Dr Jones, whose regional 
unit has been helping to 
monitor the outbreak, said* 
“The organism causing this 
illness is circulating within the 
community ana is not 
attributable to a specific 
scouice. It is very difficult to 

Monday Plage, page 9 

Mr Lionel Gay, a beekeeper 
of River, near Dover, who 
expects a yield of more than 
801b of honey from one colony 
of Italian bees this year. He 
believes be has found a sur- 
vival formula to cope with 
Britain’s harsh winters when 
stored pollen is scarce (Trndi 
McIntosh writes). 

Last winter’s severe weather 
wiped out 70 per cent of 
Britain’s beehives. 

keepers at least £10 nrilfion in 
lost stock and production. 

Beekeepers’ organizations, 
claim it could take np to five 
years for the industry to 
recover to 1984 levels of 
250,000 hives. 

But Mr Gay, a physics 
master at Dover College dur- 
ing the week and apiarist at 
the weekend, says that his 
record harvest is due to his 
management techniques. 

He used a poBen substitute, 
comprising soybean floor, dry 
brewer’s yeast' and powdered 
skiiiiV milk, to- feed - hi& five 
crikmies last winter. 

He said the Dalian bee, .<4fuf 
melBfaa ligastica, is an ex- 
cellent nectar gatherer and 
breeder and will maintain a 
large brood area regardless of 
nectar flows until late summer. 

(Photograph: John Manning) 



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■ . • ' Sf.v- 

British fruit growing: j, 

England’s garden 
changes to meet 
forefen challenge 


THE DA11Y PtANEC?u»y 1986 

The -garden of England is 
not what it was. While many 
of the hop fields where East 
Enders used to spend wonting 
holidays have long since been 
replanted with wheat, the old 
orchards are being grubbed up 
and replaced, if at all, by 
plantations of new trees, too 
dffny and close to the ground 
to be grazed by sheep. , . 

The traditional orchard is 
no longer economic. The cost 
of s easo nal labour is such that 
using ladders to pick fruit 
from high branches is prohib- 
itively expensive. . . 

Conventional varieties take 
two or three times as long to 
mature as the new dwarf 
strains. They occupy more 
space, do not yield as prohn- 
caliy, lake longer to spray and 
prune and — particularly im- 
portant in the case of cher- 
ries- cannot be effectively 
protected from birds. 

But the other reason for the 
disappearance of the orchards 
is that growers have simply 
been unable to compete with 

" Not oifly is it cheaper and 
easier to grow fruit in Medi- 
terranean countries and in 
California but, at least until 
recently, the quality of im- 
ported fruit was superior and 
it was marketed more effec- 

A new threat has been posed 
by the entry of Spain into the 

Spanish growers are hoping 
to dominate the European 
market, but they are expected 
to concentrate, at first, on 
tomatoes and other veg- 
etables. They also plan to 
produce strawberries and, per- 

haps, kiwi fruit on a large scale. 

They may. however, find 
themselves in difficulties if 
and when the EEC imposes 
tighter rules on pesticides 
which, at present, they use in 
large quantities. 

But it is not all bad news. 
Because of the shortness of the 
English season, the market 
anyway has to rely on imports 
for a large part of the year. 

Moreover, year-round 
availability of good quality 
fruit in the shops helps to 
boost demand generally. The 
British still eat less fresh fruit 
and vegetables than most 
other Europeans, but 
consumption is on the 

There are also some success 
stories on the home front. 
English apple growers have 
recovered a large part of the 
market they lost during the 
1970s when they looked like 
being buried by an avalanche 
of French Golden Delicious. 

The home-grown straw- 
berry industry is second in 
importance only to apples, 
and growers appear to have 
overcome lapses in quality 
and continuity of supply. - 

English raspberries, during 
their regrettably short season, 
are probably the best m the 
world and there is still a large, 
unfilled demand. 

Peaches and nectarines can 
be grown successfully by ama- 
teur gardeners along south- 
feeing walls, but ' an open 
orchard would not survive a 
typical English spring and 

Tomorrow: Research under 

the lines 

By Trndi McIntosh 
- People should nse handwrit- 
ing analysis more to assess 
behaviotrraud personality, 
according to Mis Diane Simp- 
son, a leading graphologist 
- To hdp Britain's millions of 
letter writers, . Mrs Simpson 
has written a guide called 
Your Handwriting And You. 

The 24-page booklet, 
commissioned by the Royal 
Mail, explains die bask sd- 
ence of.graplolegyand gives 
■examples of handwriting and 
its meanings. 

T Mrs Simpson, a grapholo- 
gist for 25 years, says the 
science can be used in recruit- 
ment, vocational gnidan 
medial diagnosis and histori- 
cal research. 

Most people unconsciously 
nse handwriting analysis from 
the .moment they receive 
Jetter, she says. _ 

. “They look at the envelope 
and can hurriedly tone in to 
the' writer's state of mind.** 
Writing rhawgw accord] 
to mood, environment a 
anything else which can stimu- 
late a reaction, Mrs Simpson 

"l^ignatm-es reflect a writer's 
pubhc face and, she says, their 
meanings can be more reveal- 
ing than the rest of the writing. 

Beware of a signature which 
is very ornate compared to the 
rest of the writing because it 
reveals the author amid be a 
Jekyll and Hyde** 

The width of individual 
letters also points to the 
writerV personality. 

Narrow writing mmik that 
the writer is fesMbited, re- 
served and has narrow views, 
but wide writing denotes 
ambitions people 

who enjoy travel. 

Your Handwriting And You. by 
Diane Simpson, available with 
stamp. books, price £1.20, £1.50 
and £1.70, from London Post 
Offices, philatelic counters and 
the Philatelic Bureau. 

Test for 

A study costing £65,000 is 
to. be carried out by the 
Department of Education and 
Science to assess & special 
interview system for the selec- 
tion of mature students with- 
out traditional qualifications 
for degree courses. 

The technique, developed at 
Harvard University and used 
for the recruitment of fighter 
pilots in the United States, 
uses principles of applied 
psychology to measure the 
candidates’ ability. ; 

Existing students -will be 
examined to identify the per- 
sonal characteristics which 
have led to their success. 
Admissions tutors at a sample 
of universities, polytechnics 
and colleges, will then be 
trained to look for those 
qualities in applicants. 

Similar techniques are being 
used increasingly in. com- 
merce and industry and the 
Manpower Services Commis- 
sion has expressed an interest 
in the system. 

Many potential students are 
thought to be denied higher 
education opportunities be- 
cause skills picked up outside 
the educational establishment 
cannot be counted. : ^ 

TKe Government is keen to 
tackle the problem- now be- 
cause demographic factors 
will lead to a one third drop in 
those aged 18 available for 
higher education in the next 
10 years. 

There is a pilot scheme in 
the United States, although 
none of those selected has yet 
gone far enough through the 
college system for the results 
id be dear. 

Mr George Walden, junior 
minister at the department, 
with responsibility for higher 
education, said: “Adults with- 
out formal qualifications per- 
form at least as wdl as 18- 
year-olds when accepted for 
degree level higher 

Business call to speed 
planning inquiries 

If you'd like to find out more about Britain’s fastest growing business community, come to Milton 

Or phone the Commercial Director on 0908 691300 


. . Fas JfT decisions about the 
demolition , of historic build- 
up to make room for in- 
dustry are demanded today in 
a -I®"™ 1 j«Pon from councils 

frolForwn, says such de- 

SST ? ou ( d t* Hade by 


That is one of several groiro 
“■“*»» for speedujf S 
ft ,n f Proeessaadmak- 

655 r 30 obstacle to the 
togging of new fectories smS 

It also wants costs to he 

5252*1 a Si nst councils that 
remse controversial planning 
applications simply to^s foe 

awkward decisions on to 

It is understandable, the 
group says, that some 
businessmen keen to build 
new premises see the council 
Pfenning system purely as an 
obstruction. Planning in- 
quines should be made more 
informal and less like court 
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New death threat to 
hostages as Islamic 
Jihad rules out talks 

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' Tfce Islamic Jihad oiganiza- 
tion yesterday ismed a new 
threat to.ldU .three American 
hostages and angrily rejected 
any negotiations with the US 
Government, the Vatican and 
the Anglican Church. 

The pro-Iranian group, 
which demands the release of 
-17 militants imprisoned m 
Kuwait, also denied rial the. 
Rev tawrrnce Jenco; a Ro- 
1 man Catholic priest fined on 
Juiy26 after neariy 19 months 
of captivity, carried any mes- 
sages other than a dramatic 
video-taped appeal by Mr 
David Jacobsen, one of the 
three remaining hostages.. 

“Father Jenco: you know 
more than, anybody else that 

From Jnan Carlos Gunman, Beirut 

The threat — unusually' 
hostile to the Vatican and the 
Anglican Church — was pub- 
lished by. Beirut's leading 
newspaper, an-Nahar, with a 
photograph of Mr Jacobsen, 
director of the American 
University of Beirut hospital, 
who was abducted in May last 

The other hostages are Mr 

. “We repeat that we are in 
constant and continuing host- 
ility with the biggest devil — , 
Reagan and his government — 
and - have no contacts with, 
them, even by correspond- 
ence, the statement said, 
addingTThe Pope's silence 
over crimes committed by 
America and its aides and his 
support for their criminal 

anybody” a statement said. 
“Do. not let the bad CEA 
dictate anything . tt> 'you to 
force you to fabricate lies 
which wfll cause more harm 
-than good.** 

wTta^Tnm aski^ m PPHcy residing the hostages, 
deliver any message to" not negottme their 

The • ; Jihad' statement 
said:“We gave Father Jenco. 
no messages to deliver to 
anybody, neither secretly or 
openly. What they are trying 
to indicate and- publish, 
namely that he is carrying 
messages from ns to the Pope, 
the Archbishop (of Canter- 
bury; "Dr Robert Runcie)- or 
the mean Reagan is an overt 
distortion operation otr their 

part a complete and- nn- 

founded lie." 

It was impossible to verify 
the authenticity of the state- 
ment which, by rejecting any 
negotiations with tne Anglican 
Church, also cast doubt on the 
future of the mission, of Mr 
Terry Waite,the^pecialrepre- 
-sentative oftbe Archbishop of 
Canterbury, ‘who has been 
engaged in ' previous attempts 
to. secure the release of the 

i uv vwiwi uvjio^va ww itu -. , • \ 

Terry Anderson, chief Middle actions raiders him a. parmo - 
Fact ~ corres ponde nt for the man their crimK in the world. 

■ “Accordingly, correspon- 
dence Tvith him is iTn pnsriWe , 
and the same applies to Arch- 
bishop Robert Runde. 

“Conorning what the big- 
gest devil - Reagan and his 
Administration ~~ believes 
regarding a solution of this 
problem through prayer, we 
advise' diem to start praying 
ibr their souls and those of the 
American bodies which will 
start arriving at the Black 
(White) House unless our 
demands are meL” 

Associated Press news agency, 
and Mr Thomas Sutherland, 
acting dean of agriculture at 
the AUB. 

" US officials said after Mr 
Jacobsen's plea that Wash- 
ington had not changed its 

A photograph of the US 
hostage, Mr David Jacob- 
sen, Issued by Islamic Jihad.' 

The Pope spoke yesterday of 
his concern over violence in 
Lebanon and prayed for the 
release of all those held cap- 
tive there (Reuter reports). 

In hi$ regular Sunday ad- 
dress to pilgrims at his sum- 
mer retreat, the Pope said he 
had been deeply moved by his 
.meeting last week with Father 
Jenco. The Pope said Father 
Jenco had expressed deep 
anxiety for all hostages, es- 
pecially in Lebanon. 

“Let tis thank God for the 
release of Father Jenco and 

pray that all those still 

held Trill soon be given their 
freedom, n the Pope said. 




US steel 
threat in 
pasta war 

From Jonathan Braude 
. . Brussels 

Steel could become en- 
tangled in the so-called “spa- 
ghetti war” between Europe 
and-the United States. • 

The US says it will delay the 
signing of a recently-nego- 
tiated pact which guarantees 
extra US imports of some 
200,000 tonnes of EEC steel 
unless the dipute over pasta is 
resoved soon. 

. Tfre.bnk bgtweensted and 
other trade issues draws" added 
J, tfeight e frti&r ttfe.oMfcrps; lasr 
week of LTV. Amfcrica’p seo-| 
ond-largest. manufacturer .of 

31WWI * .n.-v r.*« wh-; vr- -II? 

. The warning came from Mr 
Oayton Yeutter, t US trade 
representative, during talks in 
Brussels designed" to ease 
American exports of oranges 
and lemons to Europe in 
retiimfor lower import tariffs 
on EEC pasta. ] ' *' ~ r 

• w®bu«tdn Irajsed . paha 
tariffs by up to 40 per cent last 
November, after an un- 
successful 16-year battle to 
obtain concessions similar to 
the special deal Brussels gives 
to Mediterranean producers of 
citrus . fruits, almonds and 

other form products. . - . 

EEC sources^ say the nego- 
tiation* anduusand pasta are 
getting dose to settlement But 
the US is still pushing for. 
further concessions. 

In a statement issued after 
-the talks, the US said it now 
accepted that concessions to 
Mediterranean countries were 
partoftheEECs development 
aid policy. -However,'- US. 
sources- say the aim -is to open, 
the market for American pro- - 
duce rather than to block 
special treatment -. for the 


Middle East peace 

Cairo (Reuter/AP) — The 
US Vice-President, Mr 
George Bosh, predicted yes- 
terday that a regional Middle 
East peace settlement would 
be achieved within 10 years. 

. “I can see a ranta- of ways 
to hsM a peace Id bus roghM 
— not this year or next year, 
perhaps, but certainly within a 
decade,” he said. 

Bosh was addressing a 
contingent of the muhiiiational 
peacekeeping force based at 
El-Gorah, in the sandy waste- 
lands of the : northern Sinai 

C;*|Ual. jb. , 

— He^^old— eleH»ente> ■ of the 
2,600-man, 11-pa tion .Mniti- 

AaT'he^had^fbaiid a 
growing' consensas for pedee 
daring his visit to Egypt; 
Jordan and IsraeL 
“On thfa trip, I have seen a 
marked change hi the mood In 
this region. Every leader 
agrees we mast have-peace,” 
IVtr B»dt toldtijeMFQ, which 
was estabUshed- to monitor a 
1979 Israeli-Egyptian peace 

Despite Mr Bosh's predic- 
tion of new momentum, his 
Middle East tour has failed to 
produce any concrete evidence 1 
of movement towards peace 

A senior US official travel- 
with the Vice President 
Mr Bush's optimism was 
based on the penxption that 
Israel, Jordan and many 
Palestinian leaders woe pri- 
vately showing a new deter- 
mination to achieve peace. 

The US Assistant Secretary 
of State, Mr Richard Merpby, 

. discussed the Taba boundary 
issae with Mr Esmat Abdel- 
Maguid, the Egyptian Foreign 
Minister, yesterday and said 
the talks had been 

“1 believe we are mating 
progress," he said. 

Egyptian and Israeli 

tiators,aidedbyUS , 

are due to c o ntiumgg jBnff- 
running talks on an arhdratimi 
accord tomorrow. 

• JERUSALEM: The forma- 
Prime Minista of Israel, Mr 
Meaachem Begin, qrnke to 
Mr Bosh by telephone, hot 
declined to see the visiting 
officials during his visit to 
Israel, one of Mr Bern's aides 
sa id. 

• TEX AVIV: - Egypt's Min- 
ister of Tourism, Mr Faad 
Sultan, arrived nr Israel yes- 
terday to disenss travel be- 
tween tire two countries. 

Air disaster victims mourned 

Turin health service scandal 

Rome Charges have been 
brought against a nurse and 
two doctors in Turin after 
health service analysts were 
given samples of tea and 
produced reports which in- 
dicated that they were urine 
(Peter Nichols writes). 

Investigators, .took bottles 
containing lenjopade and tea 
to the', health' ' service lab- 
oratory as part of ait inquiry 
into the efficiency of analyses. 
Results included such 

phrases as “colour yellowish 
with normal properties and 
sediment". Each request made 
in the medical descriptions ac- 
companying the- bottles of 
“urine" was answered in a 
plausible way. 

Fears in Turin are less about 
charges of fraud and false 
testimony than that a whole 
.body of medical tests carried 
out by this and perhaps other 
laboratories may have been 

Italian Government set to win confidence vote 

Gloom beneath surface normality 



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From Peter Nichols 

Signor Betti no CraxTs new 
Government will undoubt- 
edly get a vote of confidence 
from the Senate tomorrow, 
but in an atmosphere of 
widespread pessimism. . 

- The partiamentary pro- 
gramme ts simple. Two days 
of delate are planned at the. 
Senate, followed by a similar 
formality in the Chamber of 
Deputies. . The new Govern- 
ment should have received 
full parliamentary approval by 
the end of this week, when 
politicians can start their 

The coalition is drawn from 
the same five parties as the 
outgoing Government, which 
was also- led by Signor Craxi, 
and the principal ministries 
- remain in the same hands. 

To the casual observer, 
nothing substantia] has hap- 
pened since June 27,' when 
Signor CraxTs first Govern- 
ment felL Yet Signor Ciriaco 
de-Mita, the national leader of 
the Christian Democrats, the 
country's largest - political 
party, was heard to comment: 
“We have all lost something." 

The Rome newspaper La 
Hepubbiica commented yes- 
terday that the way the poli- 
ticians behaved in forming the 
new Government "in fact' 
marked the end of the first 
republic”. ■ 

The Communist opposition 
had its own particular com- 
plaint public impatience with 

Signor Craxi: Fall paiiia- 
mentary approval expected, 
the behaviour of government 
politicians has not been ex- 
pressed in the form this time 
of a protest from the Cora- 
munist ranks, and so the 
opposition, like the gov- 
ernmental parties, had proved 
incapable . of fulfilling its 
proper constitutional tasks. 

The principal complaint is 
that the 34 days of negotiation 
and intrigue woe carried out 
in a vacuum where public 
Opinion had no effect. This, 
-the leading pessimists daim, 
means that a break between 
public opinion and the poli- 
ticians is now more complete 
than ever before. 

The parties bad no quarrel 
about the form ofgovemment 
the country required, because 
they saw no alternative to the 
five-party coalition. But they 
quarrelled violently about its 
leadership. The result is a pact 

on leadership try which Signor 
Craxi, a Socialist, will in 
March hand ova the prime 
minister's job to a Christian 

This change ought, if politi- 
cal ideologies mean anything, 
to marie a substantial change 
in the government of the 

There is no suggestion that 
the handover might be pre- 
ceded by an election. Indeed, 
any talk of elections has been 
marked by assertions that the 
country could not at the 
moment afford the distraction 
of an election which would in 
any case probably give the 
country's rulers no clear in- 
dication of what public opin- 
ion wants: elections here tend 
to show very little change in 
voting strengths. 

Whatever the dhnaie surr- 
ounding the formation of this 
Government* it is expected to 
have to deal promptly with a 
problem of high importance. 
President Cossiga is under- 
stood to have prepared a letter 
to the Prime Minister asking 
him to take up the question of 
who would be responsible for 
conducting militmy counter- 
measures in the face of 

The constitution is vague 
on the point, and recent 
tension in the area— including 
the two Libyan missiles fired 
at the Italian island of Lam- 
pedusa — has given an un- 
expected reality to the 

Mrs Hiroko Yoshizaki, aged 35, and 
ber daughter MUtiko, aged nine, walking 
hand-in-hand post Japan Air lines 
officials at a memorial service in 
Uenomiira in Japan y esterd a y marking 
the first anniversary of the world's worst 

single-aircraft crash. 

-The Boeing president, Mr Frank 
Shronte, spoke briefly at the service, 
making his first appearance before the 
families of the 520 people killed in the 

disaster last year near Uenomiira, a 
remote central Japanese village north- 
west of Tokyo (AP reports). 

Mrs Yoshizaki and her daughter— two 
of four people who survived the crash — 
attended the service, together with about 
1,700 relatives of the victims. An off-duty 
JAL stewardess and a girl aged 12 who 
also survived did not attend. 

Village children joined hands with 
about 100 chOdren related to the crash 

victims to nnvefl a 363ft granite monu- 
ment, made of two symmetrical sections of 

a cone symbolizing hands dasped in 

The monument, on the side of a small 
hill in tire village centre, about five miles 
from- the crash site, faces the ridge of the 
5.408ft Mt Osutaka, where JAL flight 
123, on a domestic run from Tokyo to 
Osaka, plummeted after losing control 
ova Sagwni Bay, sooth of Tokyo. 

Iran gives 
boost to 
Soviet ties 

Tehran (Reuter) — An Ira- 
nian delegation led by the 
Deputy Foreign Minister for 
Economic and International 
Affairs, Mr Muhammad Jav- 
ad Larfiani has gone to Mos- 
cow for political and econo-; 
mic talks, saying relations 
with the Soviet Union were 
taking “a positive trend". . 

The national news agency, 
Irna, quoted Mr Larijani as 
saying before leaving yes- 
terday that bilateral relations 
and regional an d inter national 
affairs would be discussed. 

. Mr Larijani said oil, gas and 
other fields of technology were 
possible spheres of co-opera- 
tion betwen the two countries. 

Tehran-Moscow ties have 
improved since strains oc- 
curred in 1983, when the 
I ranian Government cracked 
down on the Soviet-backed 
Tudeh Communist Party and. 
expelled 18 Soviet diplomats. 

. Last February, the First 
Deputy Foreign Minister, Mr 
Georgy Kornienko, led the 
highest-ranking Soviet delega- 
tion to visit Tehran since the 
1979 Islamic revolution. 

FBI investigating possible 
intelligence leak to Chile 

FtomJVfichael Binyoo, Washington 

The Federal Bureau of In- 
vestigation is trying to find out 
whether Senator Jesse Helms 
or any of his aides leaked 
sensitive US intelligence in- 
formation to the Chilean Gov- 
ernment. congressional and 
Administration sources told 
The New York Times at the 

The papa said the inquiry, 
which began last week, would 
concentrate on whether the 
Chileans were tipped off about 
a covert US intelligence-gath- 
ering operation. The Senate 
select committee asked for the 
investigation after hearing ev- 
idence from the State Depart- 
ment that there had been a 
leak to Chile. 

Senator Helms, a maverick 
right-wing Republican from 
North Carolina, paid a contro- 
versial visit to President Pino- 
chet last month, and denounc- 
ed US policy towards Chile. 

His visit angered the State 
Department and embarrassed 
the Reagan Administration, 
which has , begun to take a 
tough line with the Pinochet 

The alleged leak has angered 
the CIA because it threatened 
the agency's ability to gather 
information on .Chile, 
unidentified sources told the 
newspaper. Spokesmen for the 
CIA and FBI refosed to com- 
ment on the report. 

Senator Helms has vig- 
orously denied that he leaked 
any information. “The State 
Department and the Central 
Intelligence Agency are con- 
stantly trying to discredit me, 
and they’re not going to be 
able to do it," he said. 

He raid if they wanted to 
play games of intimidation he 
would meet them "in the 
middle of the field". Congres- 
sional sources, however, have 
reportedly pointed to a 
“Helms connection" with the 
leak. Although the senator is 
not a member of the intelli- 
gence committee, he is given 
sensitive information on Chile 
because he chairs the Western 
'Hemisphere sub-committee of 
the foreign relations commit- 
tee. He has repeatedly sup- 
ported the Pinochet Govern- 
ment because of its strong 


The Reagan Administration 
appears to be moving closer 
towards outright sanctions 
against Chile because of its 
human rights record. Wash- 
ington has expressed oppo- 
sition to further development 
loans to Chile. Mr Elliott 
Abrams, Assistant Secretary 
of State for Latin American 
Affairs, told Congress he 
would oppose a new loan by 
the World Bank because of 
President Pinochet's failure to 
move towards democracy. 

In Santiago a Harvard 
Medical School team and a 
Republican Party lawyer vis- 
ited imprisoned opposition 
leaders on Saturday, and de- 
nounced persistent human 
rights abuses by the military 
Government. The two doctors 
were sent there to look into the 
detention of leaders of Chile's 
medical association and to 
help one of the two young 
people badly burnt in anti- 
government demonstrations a 
month ago. The other, a US 
resident, died after reportedly 
being set alight by soldiers. 





Lagos (Reuter) - A govern- 
ment report has disclosed de- 
tails of corruption in Nigeria 
unda the administration of 
the ousted civilian President, 
Mr Shchu Shagari, involving 
millions of dollars. 

The 107-page report details 
the findings of a judicial panel 
which investigated the cases of 
1,017 people detained by the 
previous military Govern- 
ment, which toppled Presi- 
dent Shagari at the end of 

They included Mr Shagari 
and his deputy. Mr Alex 
Ekwueme. who were cleared 
of corruption but banned from 
holding public office or engag- 
ing in political activity for the 
rest of their lives. 

The decision to clear them 
of wrongdoing has been at- 
tacked by critics, who feel they 
should bear moral responsibil- 
ity for the misdeeds .of their 
government, even if there was 
no legal evidence against 

At the other end of the scale, 
a man arrested for illegal pos- 
session ol a single 10-naira 
note (previously worth £9.3), 
dating from before Nigeria's 
April 19S4 currency change, 
has been released but ordered 
to stand trial. 

Other cases throw light on 
the extent of financial mal- 
practice under the Shagari 
Government, which the 
military overthrew because of 
allegations of widespread corr- 
uption and inefficiency. 

One contractor, who is still 
detained and will be tried, was 
said to have been awarded 
contracts totalling nearly 42 
million naira (£39.3 miftion) 
to supply goods to the 
Government’s Youth Service 

The report raid the con- 
tracts were irregularly award- 
ed, were not fulfilled and were 
neva intended to be carried 

The panel ordered further 
investigation, and possible 
prosecution, in the cases of 
two men “suspected of involv- 
ement in a grand plan tq trans- 
fer 112 million naira outside 
Nigeria" in breach of ex- 
change control regulations. 

A forma manager of the 
Central Bank's foreign ex- 
change department is to be 
prosecuted for “economic 
sabotage" because of his al- 
leged involvement in transfer- 
ring 4 million naira abroad 
through a private company he 

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South Africa; Zambian leader proposes co-ordinating team i Tutu appeals to Japan # Homeland celebrates 

. _ .... . no j 

Kaunda wants That cher to play no part 

- — — ^ . -r.- 

By Mark Dowd 

President Kenneth Kaunda 
of Zambia yesterday launched 
his opening gambit, hours in 
advance of the summit tails, 
by calling for an elected team 
of three Commonwealth lead- - 
ers to co-ordinate a strategy of 
sanctions against South Af- 

At a morning meeting of the 
Commonwealth and Dip- 
lomatic Writers* Association, 
Mr Kaunda insisted, however, 
that Mrs Thatcher should play 
no part -in- helping to im- 
plement any scheme, which 
couldindude Commonwealth 
countries, the EEC, the United 
States and Japan, on account 
of her views on the subject. 

His own preference would 
be for the Prime Ministers of 
Australia, Canada and India 
to take' responsibility because 
of their superior commitment ; 
to punitive measures. ■ 

He said: “I am finding it 
increasingly difficult to sit at 
these summits with my sister 
Margarei Thatcher, who says 
‘don't apply sanctions because 
we need platinum and gold 
from that country*. 

“I find >l impossible to see 
the Commonwealth continu- 
ing arid pretending that all is 
going well when one. of its 
leading figures believes that 
platinum is more important 
than human beings.** j 

Describing the Western 
stance as hypocritical, he said 
there had been occasions. in 
the past when both Britain, 
and America had- imposed 
sanctions on such countries as 
Argentina, Cuba, Libya and 
the Soviet Union “without 
regard as to whether they 
would work or not**. 

South Africa today was 
being run by “Nazis**, he said. 

Britain is a country which has 
successfully opposed Nazis in 
the past and it was time for her 
to do so again. 

President Kaunda was pre- 
vented from delivering his 

Tutu says 
Japan has 
‘crucial’ role 

Tokyo (Reuter) - Japans 
volume of trade with Soutn 

Commonwealth leaders at Malboraugh Honse before the tough t alkin g started yesterday. Standing, left to right Mr Rajiv Gandhi, Mr Brian Mufroaey, 
Mr Shridath Ramphai, Mr Bob Hawke and Mr Robert Mugabe; seated Mrs Thatcher, Sir Lynden PSndHng and Dr Kenneth K annri a. 

Death of ‘oppressor’ cheers homeland 

and therefore he would have- 
to recommend withdrawal to 
his country's Central Com- 

Mr Kaunda was deliberately 
vague, however, as to what 
would constitute failure and 
would not be drawn into 
expressing a “bare minimum** 
of sanctions measures which 
he expected from the summit 
That would be a matter for 

Gandhi hopes: Mr Rajiv 

Fran Michael Hornsby 
Siyabnswa, KwaNdebele 

“You see, sir, that 1 am 
smiling, and everyone here is 
smiling. We are smiling be- 
cause our oppressor is dead," 
the young man said in the 
dusty market place of 
Siyabnswa, capital of Kwa- 
Ndebele, die latest of South 
Africa's tribal homelands be- 


prepared speech on account of Gandhi, the Indian Prune poshed by Pretoria to- 
“vocaJ difficulties". Neverthe- Minister, was the last of the 

less, his voice improved im- 
measurably when he was 
asked if it was Zambia's 
intention to leave the 
Commonwealth if the mini- 
summit resulted in Mure. 

Such an outcome, he said, 
would mean that Mrs 
Thatcher would be dictating, 

Commonwealth leaders to ar- 
rive yesterday morning. 

Speaking at Heathrow, he said 
ms hopes for the summit were 
good, but he was not prepared 
to compromise, or go back on 
the course of action that bad 
been derided at Nassau last 

US watches and waits 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

The Reagan Administration Bonn, and has had a direct 

report from Sir Geoffrey 
Howe ofr the Foreign Sec- 
retary’s visit to South Africa.' ' 

A senior US official has said 
that the talks covered the type 
and timing of punitive steps 

is closely watching any 
Commonwealth derisions on 
measures against South Af- 
rica, but is waiting for the 
return from Europe of Mr 
Chester Crocker, the Assistant 
Secretary of State for African 
Affaire, to see what co-ordina- 
tion is possible with US allies. 

Mr Crocker has been having 
talks in London. Brussels and 

that could be adopted by the 
US in co-ordination with Eu- 
rope. He insisted that the 
Reagan: Administration had 
not ruled out further steps. . 

wards “independence* 

ered to listen to onr conversa- 
tion nodded vigorously. I had 
asked for their reaction to the 
assassination in a car bomb 
explosion on Tuesday of Mr 
Piet Ntnli, Minister of the 
Interior in the local tribal 

Their sentiments are un- 
doubtedly widely shared in 
KwaNdebele, a sprawling ru- 
raf shun of shacks, shanties 
and smalllirick-hnts^pme 70 
miles north-east of Pretoria, 
where, news of Mr Ntalfs 
demise "feus celebrated with 
and other 
ofspohtaneoos rejoicing. 

’ Ntnli headed the much- 

feared Imbokhoto, a rigflante 
squad held responsible for the 
killing of many people op- 
posed to the trihal administra- 
tion and to “independence.** 
At the time of his death, his 

alleged involvement in murder, 
assault torture, theft, and 
corruption was being invest- 

The device of “indep- 
endence" is used by Pretoria to 
weaken, or gHmihate al- 
together, the dann of large 
numbers of blacks to full 
citizenship and political rights 
in South Africa outside the 
homelands, which occupy less 
than 14 per cent of the total 
land mass of the country. 

Among those with a motive 
for killing Mr Ntuli are the 
outlawed African National 
Congresvwhkb bitterly op- 

reign of terror of Mr Ntuli and 
his vigilantes, widely seen as a 
foretaste of the kind of role 
that could be expected after 
“independence," did as much 
as anything rise to stir up 
popular opposition to Pre- 
toria’s schemes. 

Mr NtidTs car exploded 
within mantes of his (faring it . 
out of the heavily-guarded 
admini st r ative compound in 
Siyabnswa, where only mem- 
bers of the police or Army 
would have had easy access for 
planting a bomb. 

One of tiw effects of Mr 
Ntnlfs excesses was to forge 

v '•r l^UUIB cucaoca nao u» lua^v 

poses the homelands system,^ wnKitrif y alliance between 
and the young “comrades" of traditiototi frCbal chiefs in 

KwaNdebele, who bad earlier 


above-ground United 

itemoaatic FrontTmembers of 
which were victims of the 

One theory is that Mr Ntuli 
blew himself op -accidentally 
while transporting explosives 
Vjm. ks« .own' nefarious s: 

for his 

supported “independence" hot 
who had come to see it as a 
threat to their own authority, 
and yonng urilrtaiits associated 
with the ANC and the UDF. 

.'.Most observers think the 
removal ufJVlr Ntuli from the 
scene has come too late to 

An evoi mine int rigu ing restore credibility to the pro- 
suggestion is that Pretoriahad ' independence cause, even if it 

come to see Mr Ntnli as a sort 
of Frankenstein's monster, 
who had to be eliminated 
because he had become a 
serious obstacle to the 
Government's own plans for 
the homeland. 

It is certainly true tint the 

may now be easier to woo the 
chiefs back info the fold. 
Opposition to it is now so 
widespread, they believe, tint 
the Government will be forced 
at least to postpone “ind- 
ependence," which is fixed for 
next December 11. 

after a special 
meeting of the KwaNdebele 
Government and tribal chiefs 
last Friday, Mr Fame Ma- 
hlang n, the homriaod's Min- 
ister of Information, said the 
mood had been one not of 
“rejection (of independence) 
but of the need to inform the 

In an interview earlier in the 
day, however, Mr Mahlangu 
admitted that the chiefs were 
“not quite happy" about in- 
dependence. He said that tire 
homeland's legislative assem- 
bly, which has 76 members of 
whom only 16 are directly 
elected, would meet on Thurs- 
day to discuss the issue. 

The assembly, be added, 
would also endorse a decision, 
taken earlier by the Kwa- 
Ndebele Cabinet, to disband 
the Imbokhoto, undoubtedly a 
popular move. This derision, 
Mr Mahlangu claimed, was 
taken before Mr NtulTs death, 
but it had not been announced 

Serious unrest broke out in 
KwaNdebele at the start of the 
year when Pretoria announced 
the incorporation, against the 
wishes of most of its inhab- 
itants, of the Montse district of 
neighbouring Lebowa into 
KwaNdebele, in an attempt to 
make the latter a more viable 
unit prior to “independence.” 

Africa gives it a crucial role in 
the issue of sanctions, Bishop 
Desmond Tutu said yesterday 
during talks with Mr Wasuke 
Miyake, director-general . « 
the Foreign Ministry s Middle 
Eastern and African Affairs 

Bishop Tutu said he told Mr 
Miyake that nations should 

take a moral stand on the issue 

rather than wait for others to 
take the lead. 

Mr Miyake said Japan 
wanted a concerted policy 
with other members of tne 
international co m m unity . on 
economic sanctions against 
Pretoria,’ a Kyodo News Ser- 
vice report said. 

Bishop Tutu said: “Al- 
though it is desirable for South 
Africa’s main trading partners 
to take a joint step, a decisive 
action take n by only one of 
them could have a major in- 

Japan has banned the ex- 
port of computers to South Af- 
rica, discouraged- the private 
sector from-importmg kruger- 
rands. and restricted cul tu ra l , 
educational and sports ex- 

• HARARE: The former 
Rhodesian Prime Minister, 
Mr Ian Smith, whose rebel 
regime survived 15 years of 
world economic sanctions, 
— sa id - «: similar trade embargo 
on South Africa would serve 
only to unite whites there 
behind their Government. 

In an interview published 
yesterday in Zimbabwe's Sun- 
day Mail newspaper, Mr 
Smith said sanctions against 
Rhodesia had enabled the 
country -to diversify and ex- 
pand its economy -more than 
would have been possible 
without the embargo. 

Before sanctions were im- 
posed on Rhodesia in 1965, 
after it declared unilateral 
independence from Britain, 
many white Rhodesian busi- 
nessmen appeared set to op- 
pose his Government for foil- 
ing to bring about black rule. 

“Sanctions are a declaration 
of war and ^change die comp- 

lexion of things. If the chips 
are down, people like this Will 

? ;t behind the Government 
ou always get the best out of 
people when their backs are to 
the wall" 

He said sanctions against 
South Africa-now a ppeared m- 
evftabft£'bu£ Pretoria's econ- 
omy would survive because it 
faad~resaurees' of its own, in- 
eluding rtockpfled oil 
He declined to comment 
directly on South Africa’s 
threat to pass on to its black 
neighbours the effects of any 
sanctions, but said he believed 
Pretoria would want to keep. 
trade_ayenues jopen to feci!*-., 
tate “sanctums-busting”. 

Paris bank 

From Susan MacDonald 


A woman bank employee 
held hostage for eight days by 
an unknown attacker demand- 
ing a 10 million franc (about 
£900,000) ransom from the 
bank, has been released, 
apparently unharmed. 

She was interrogated by 
police at the weekend, but 
tittle information has been 
released since her release late 
on Friday night. 

The drama started on July 
24 when the woman, Martine 
Pietri, aged 37, a secretary at 
the Worms Bank, was ab- 
ducted from her home in the 
early morning and taken to the 
bank, where her - abductor 
claimed be had planted explo- 
sives on her and demanded 10 
million francs. 

The man and his hostage 
escaped, without the money, 
before police arrived, and for 
eight days he sent messages 
demanding the ransom. 

On Friday the bank broad- 
cast a radio message that it 
would pay the . ransom if she 
w ere released before the end of 
the day. Bat police say that no 
ransom has been paid. 

Royalists make 
Uganda nervous 

From ChariesHamson, Nairobi 
The Government of Pres- Uganda said. It also was an 


dentYoweri Museveni, which 
look power in Uganda last 
January, is alarmed by grow- 
ing pressure for the restoration 
of the Kingdom of Buganda, 
the largest of the four king- 
doms which existed in Ugan- 
da until they were abolished 
then {resident Milton 
'bote in 1967. 

In a strongly-worded state- 
ment yesterday, the Govern- 
ment said the ruling National 
Resistance Movement was 
never committed to restoring 
the kingdoms of Buganda, 
Bunyoro, Toro and Ankole. 
Demanding an end to agita- 
tion for the restoration, it said 
this was a controversial matter 
which should be decided, 
along ' with other constitu- 
tional matters, after a four- 
year interim period. 

“The NRM has no wish to 
engage itself in a conflict with 
monarchism. Nobody shall be 
allowed to raise or agitate for 
partisan issues at the time 
when what is needed is a 
national consensus,” the state- 
ment said. 

It was a comment “on what 
disgruntled opportunists have 
been writing in the local press 
on monarchism," Radio 

apparent response to attempts 
to install Prince Ronald 
Mutebi as king of the 
Baganda. Supporters in Brit- 
ain have sent an envoy to 
Kampala to discuss the issue, 
say Ugandan diplomats in 

The NRM .says Prince 
Mutebi, son of the lasTKabaka. 
(King) of Buganda, Sir Ed- 
ward Mutesa, sympathized 
with the NRM when h was a 
guerrilla movement fighting 
the former Ugandan regime. 
But he did not take an active 
part in the “liberation war", 
even though -be visited NRM- 
held areas last year. 

Prince Mutebi, who studied 
law in London,, came to 
Nairobi last year and devel- 
oped close contacts with the 
NRM leadership. 

Constitutionally, a ■ new 
Kabaka is chosen by the 
Lukiko, which no longer 
exists. Prince Mutebi accepts 
that the kingdoms cannot be 
restored in their earlier form. 
But he believes he could fill a 
role as traditional head of the 
Baga n da. the largest tribe in 
Uganda with about three mil- 
lion members. 




Moscow (AP) — Two Amfi= 
jeans, who arelinked to Mos- 
cow’s only known unofficial 
peace group, said police de- 
tained them and a Soviet 
member of the group for an 
hour yesterday after they had 
handed out leaflets warning 
about radiation dangers foll- 
owing the Chernobyl accident. 
_.Ms Anne-Marie Hendrick- 
son, aged-29, and Mr Bob 
McGlynn, aged 30, bOth from 
New York, said they were 
detained by Soviet police as 
they handed out the Russian- 
language leaflets at the en- 
trance to Gorky Park. 

Ms Nina Kovalenko, a So- 
viet member of the Group to 
Establish Trust between the 
USSR and the USA, was also 
detained, but was not distri- 
buting leaflets, the two Ameri- 
cans said. 

Two Britons, Mr David 
Barnsdale, aged 33, and Mrs 
Peggy Watford, aged 66, were 
with the Americans as they 
handed out the leaflets. 

- Ms Hendrickson said she 
was holding a placard which 
read: “Peace and environ- 
mental safety for alL No more 
Hiroshimas and no more 
Chernobyl s.” 

Woman terrorist arrested for Munich killings 

From Onr Correspondent 

A Red Army Faction wo- . 
man terrorist, on the most- 
warned list since the killing of 
a Munich industrialist and his 
driver lastmonth/was arrest- 
ed on Saturday, it was dis- 
closed yesterday. Two lesser 

terrorists-were also detained. 

The .Federal . .Criminal . 
reau (BKA). said Frau Eva 
Sjbflle- Haule-Frirapong,-aged- 
32. was arrested, in an ice- 
cream - cafe" in Russelsheiitt 
near Frankfurt. 

Frau Haule-Frimpong was 
one of nine terrorists, four 
women and five mem, named 

by thcFederal Public Prosecu- - car by a - remote-controlled 
tor’s office as prime suspects bomb. Frau Haule-Frimpong 

They were blown up in their 

in the Munich murders on 
July 9. The victims were Herr 
Karl-Hcinz Beckurts,agGd 56, 
a director .of. the Siemens 
company, and his driver, Herr 
Eckhard Groppler. aged 42. 

The three Bed Army Faction terrorists arrested in Germany on Saturday, from left, Eva 
SibyQe Haule-Frimpong, Christian Klufh and Loitgard Homstein, 

The BKA said she was • Dr Kurt Rebmann, the 
carrying West German and Federal Public Prosecutor, 
foreign identity documents, 
including two Belgian identity 
cards. A spokesman said the 
two minor terrorists detained 
were Fraulein Luitgard Horn- 
stein, aged 23, and Here Chris- 
tian Kluth, aged 26. 

is also suspected of involve- 
ment in an attempted car 
bomb attack on the Nato 
senior officers’ - at 
Oberammergan in December 

said the arrest of Frau Haule- 
Frimpong followed: a tip-off. 
Hie Bonn Government last 
week announced a reward of 
neady £1 million forinforma- 
tion leading to the capture of 
the Munich killers.. 

The Salt 2 debate 

Warning of $100bn weapons bill 

Fran Michael Binyon, Washington 

President Reagan's decision, 
renounce the Salt 2 arms 
control treaty could cost the 
United States $100 billion 
(£66.6 billion) for new nuclear 
weapons over the next 10 
years, the chairman of the 
House armed services 
committee said yesterday. 

Mr Les Aspin, an infl uential 
Democrat from Wisconsin 
and one of a growing number, 
of congressional critics of Mr 
Reagan's decision, said the 
price for scrapping the treaty 
“could be mind-boggling, not 
to mention wallet-tugging”. 

Mr Aspin released a paper 
prepared by the congressional 
budget office on the potential 
cost of exceeding Salt 2 mis- 

sile limits, and said research 
indicated that the lowest cost 
of matching a likely Soviet 
build-up would be about $27 
billion over 10 years. 

That would be the price of 
building up to 867 1 0- warhead 
MX missiles and deploying 
them in Mmuteman missile 

“That's cheap,” he sa&L 
“It’s also a very unlikely 
response, given that Congress 
has already rejected the idea of 
deploying more than 50 MXs 
in existing silos where they are 
sitting ducks." 

A more likely answer would 
be to put MX missiles in 
superharoened silos, which 
could better withstand a So- 

viet attack. That would cost 
$100 billion. . . ■ 

The ‘ congressional study 
also puts the cost of deploying 
more Trident submarines at 
more than $110 billion. 

Mr Aspm said the Salt 
limits on Weapon launchers 
protected US forces from be- 
ing overwhelmed by huge 
numbers of Soviet missiles. - 

“Abandoning the .ceilings 
abandons the protection. 

Does tins Administration seri- 
ously want to leave such a 
legacy? Somebody over there 
better think through the im- 
plications of what they are 
threatening to do to us, . not to 
the Russians,” he said. 

Moscow reconnecting 
direct dial service 

By Christopher Walker in Moscow and Mary Dejevsky 

Alter a gap of almost four 
years, the Soviet authorities 
are starting to - reintroduce 
direct dial telephone facilities 
for international calls, at a 
selective basis. • 

Western "correspondents 
and businessmen based in 
Moscow are among the first to 
benefit. Since 1982 all their 
incoming and outgoing 'calls 
have lad to be Tonted.tfarimgh 
the local operator. 

. No official announcement 
has yet bees . made by the . 
Soviet authorities^, and the 
Ministry of Communications; 
refused tedkeass toe reasons. 

’ “The only person who knows 
about that is on holiday," a 
spokesman fold Tile Times. 

There was jest as fittie 
information forthcoming in 
London. A spokesman for the 
Foreign Office said he knew 
nothing about even the partial 
restoration of direct dialling. 

British Telecom's inters 
national inquiries said that in 
their, experience telephone 
links with the Soviet Union 
til about six months ago, they 
said, their operators had hem 
able to call numbers in Soviet 
dties direct. Now they had to . 
route all. calls through the' 
Moscow operator. 

The BBC is one of die small 
number of Western news 
organizations which have- re-: 

centiy been supplied with a 
direct dial telephone. This 
enables its two correspondents 
in foe Soviet capital to receive 
incoming; direct dial calls from 
London and other Western 
countries and to make inter- 
national «!!« Hi recti 

In London, toe BBC Ex- 
ternal Services news depart- 
ment said the system mas 
rather hit and miss. After 
the Moscow number 
ttoe usual “num- 
ber ■ unobtainable” signal. 
Alternatively, the fine would 
go dead and then mysteriously 
connect with Moscow. 

For Soviet citizens inter- 
national direct dialling is jnst 
another of thepririleges avail- 
able to the Communist Party 
ditk. Ordinary Moscow res- 
idents mav hive to 

Kmtod dfefft dialling to other 
-parts of the. Soviet Union, or 
even- -to- - Eastern - -Europe, 
’depending on the location and 
capacity of their local 

ex c h ang e. 

Outside the capital, most 
people have to make long- 
distance calls, even to other 
Soviet cities, from their local 
post and telegraph office. 

_ Until, the recent relaxation 
of the rates, all Western news 
organizations J*ad. to rely, on 
Moscow and London tde- 
- phone operators. - - ; 

heads at 
bus stop 

Colombo (Reuter) — The 
badly mutilated heads of three 
people have been found at a 
bus stop after members of a 
Sinhalese family were kid- 
napped by Tamil guerrillas, 
Sh Lanka's Information Dep- 
artment said. 

It said yesterday that the 
three were killed nearly a mile 
from their home in Pottuvfl in 
the northern region of Jaffna. 

Rebels barged into the fern- 
fly house, blindfolded three 
children and took the mother, 
father and their son, aged 31, 
tOJhe .bus .stop, where they 
were murdered, officials sakL 

Four prominent Tamil citi- 
zens who were active or- 
ganizers m a government- 
sponsored rural maternity 
ward have also been seized by 
Tamil rebels. 

The guerrillas are fighting 
for a separate state in the 
■ north and east areas for Tam- 
ils, who make up 13 per dent of 
Sri Lanka's mostly Sinhalese 
population of 15 trill linn * 

State-owned radio • quoted 
President Jayewardene as say- 
ing at a youth seminar that the 
Government would be forced 
to take the last, resort of 
mobilizing the population 
into miUtaiy action if p»a 
negotiations' broke down. 

He stressed' that provincial 
boundaries would' not be 1 


sets out 

peace plan 

can to his country. 

proposed an ei 8^PJ ,n J 
oeace pSTat the weekend at 
Kadquarwrs of a Ctucago- 
wd civil rights organiza- 
tion/ and said the proposals 
would be dehvcred sjwn. 

-Nicaragua is under attack 
by aS. po^r 
United States." he said. The 
US backs Contra rebels agam- 
st Managua’s left-wing regime. 

Malta church 
schools truce 

Malta - A temporary agree- 
ment has been reached be- 
tween the Maltese Govern- 
ment and die Holy See on 
financing church schools on 
the island for the next two 
veais (Austin Sammut writes). 

' The Government has ag- 
agreed to pay half the cost of 
running the schools m the 
years 1985/86 and 1986/87. 

Driver jailed 
for drug boss 

Bangkok (AFP) — A drug 
trafficker jailed fin- 18 years 
for possessing 12 tons of 
marijuana escaped and left his 
driver in his place in a switch . 
undis covered for two years. 

It was discovered only on 
the first day of an annual 11-. 
day period when selected in- 
mates at Prachinburi prison 
80 miles from here are allowed 
visits by relatives. 

go to polls 

Kuala Lumpur— About five ■ 
million Malaysians voted at 
more than 6,000 polling cen- 
tres at the weekend to elect 
177 Members of Parliament, 
and 351 state assemblymen in 
11 of 13 states. 

The National Front co- 
alition was certain to be 
returned for the seventh 
successive time (MGG Pillai 

Freak wave 

Jakarta (UPI) - A Dutch 
scientist working in Indonesia 
drowned when a freak wave 
swept him into the sea on a 
Java beach feared as the home 
of a vengeful goddess. 

Papers close 

Khartoum (Renter) — The 
two Sudanese state news-_ 
al-Ayam and al-~ 
ja. have been dosed 
pending formation of a pri- 
vate company to manage 

Cameras roll 

Los Angeles - An actors’ 
strike which threatened the 
US television season appears 
to have been averted, with 
producers and actors’ unions - 
agreeing a three-year contract 

Ferry tragedy _ 

Dhaka - Seventeen people 
drowned when a ferry collided 
head-on with a trawler near 
the port of Chittagong in 
south-eastern Bangladesh. 

Wages of sin 

Rome (AP) — A prostitute 
forced out of work by a car 
accident is not entitled to 
disability pay equivalent to 
what she had been earning, the 
Court of Cassation ruled. It 
paid her a housewife’s allow- 
ance of £280 a month. 

Prem to serve 

Bangkok (AP) — General 
Prem Tinsulanonda, Prime 
Minister of Thailand, agreed.; 
to a third term offered by four 
parties forming the new co- 
alition government. 

Highway heist- 

Tel Aviv (AFP) - Three 
masked men took diamonds 
worth £90,000 from an Israeli ' 
dealer after overtaking and. 
halting his car and shooting - 
out his tyres. 

Joint lift-off 

Peking (AP) - China and 
Brazil are to share the cost of 
building and launching a Chi- , 
nese satellite for weather and 
agricultural data from space. 

Close, squeak 

Delhi (AFP) — A bus hit a r 
free at Rajkot in Gujarat, in- 
juring 29 people, after the dr- 
iver lost control when a mouse 
ran up his trouser leg. 7 - 

In the swim 

Tunis (Reuter) — Showing 
new vigour after recent failing 
nealth. President Bouiguiba 
went swimming on his 83id 
birthday after being given a 
torch symbolizing his deter- 
mination to carry on as leader: 

High flier 

Parts (Reuter) — The world- 
tiucrofight'champion, M fto* 
SUft? 1 ’ , flew M ISOOoc 

uucroUght plane to the top of 
Mont Blanc, Europe's highest 
mountain at 15,766ft. 

Dog days 

Delhi (Reuter) — 
going to the dogs ii 
where a firm is ■ 

150 dc 

make i 



s 8 S 

Peace 1 



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Doubts about an . East' 
Berliner’s “dummy run” es- 
cape story strengthened -in 
WestGeraiafiy yesterday. Of- 
ficial sources said the: story 
was a**siBy. season” fantasy or . 
a sniart public refationsex-: 
eicise tiy tconniladal escape 

Most Sunday newspapers 
chose to all but ignore the 
story.' They reported only 
briefly the East German news- 
agency charge on Saturday , 
that it was a “lie from atoz”. 

But one paper found several , 
boles in ’ the tale refated by '. 
Herr Heinz Braun, aged 48, at. 
a press conference in West' 
Beran last Friday. 

Herr Braun claimed be had 
driven to freedom two days 
earlier after disguising himself 
and three shop dummies as 
Russian soldiers* 

Herr Braaa.said the dum- 
mies fooled East German bor- 
der guards completely as be 
drove a Lada estate car re- . 
sprayed in military olive green 
through no fewer 'than four 
checkpoints at the Invafiden- 
strasse crossing. 

His story was treated with 
scepticism on West German 
television- on-Friday night, al- 
though -newspapersr on-Satur- 

Yesterday the Sonritag Ex- 
press in Bonn carried the front 
page headline “The escape — a 
giant swindle?”. It said: “West 

-German insiders are sceptical: 
Something about the story 

The paper quoted an un- 
identified “border expert” as 
saying: '^Thc escape story is 
only purely theoretically pos- 
sible. The EastGerman guards 
let through Russian miHtaiy 

vehicles' every day. It can hap- 

peri that after a long shift they 
don't Iqok. so closely. 

“But Rusoan -sentries are. 
also always in the background. 
They: are informed when a 
Soviet ^military _ vehicle mil 
pass through the crossing.' A 
non-reported vehicle': would 
havebeen noticed;” 

The expert said Herr Wolf 
Quasner, the commercial es- 
cape orgfnirer who is reported 
to nave arranged Herr Braun’s 
flight, a * OT «nwHp a cardinal 
error in givuig one of the 
1 dnmmies-4herank officuttffl;- 
antcotond. 1 - -- - 
"T "The mosf SeniOE OfBcerin 
the Russfam? ‘rtCoTmaiSsance 
Lada* trips mto WestBeriin is 
usually no- higher than a 
lieutenant The crew drive 
over, take a jAotognpb and 
can say they were there. 

-- “The presence of a lieuten- 
ant-colonel is a rare event, and . 
would certainly have. been-, 
noted and reported to ttfe'bor-’. : 
^der guard& in advanced* - . . • 

; ‘ Whatever, the. troth. of;the 
-story, the paperadded, it paid 
off for Herr Braun. Hollywood 
was showing interest in mak- 
ing a film about his adventure 

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King Joan Carlos of Spain at the helm of the BrIMn V off 
Palma, Majorca preparing for the King* s Cup regatta today: 

faces loss 
of wheat 

From Stephen Taylor 

An Australian parlia- 
mentary delegation has re- 
turned from Washington chas- 
tened by its inability to 
dissuade the Reagan Admin- 
istration from invading Aus- 
tralian markets with subsid- 
ized wheat 

The mission's Mure will 
cost Australian producers an 
estimated £80 million-£160 
million in lost sales to the 
Soviet Union, a leading cus- 
tomer for Australian gram. 

It could also lead to a surge 
of anti-American feeling, and 
will almost certainly cause 
renewed calls for US military 
bases here to be used as 
bargaining chips in future 
disputes with Washington. 

Mf John Kerin, Minister of 
Primary Industry, who led the 
delegation, foresaw further 
difficulties between the US 
and Australia over grain. 

He said President Rjeagsm’s 
d c d aon to <»ll 4 milHnn 
tonnes of wheat to Russia was 
not as bad as the original 
Senate proposal to extend the 
Export Enhancement Pro- 
gramme to sales to both the 
Soviet Union and China, but 
he believed there were other 
deals in the pipeline which 
would hit Australian exports. 

Mr Bob Hawke, the Prime 
Minister, had personally ap- 
pealed to President Reagan on 
toe issue. 

Moonlighters tax 
aims to boost 
Greek job figures 

From Mario Modiano, Athens 

Greeks who have more than 
one job are to be taxed so 
heavily on their extra' income 
that they wiD eventually give 
up their second post in favour 
of toe unemployed. 

This Is one of a series of 
radical measures announced 
by the Socialist Government. 
The controv er sial d ecision , 
which could affect a large 
section* of tiie country's 
economically active population 
of 3.7 million, is designed to 
relieve unemployment, which 
is officially rated at more than 
$ per cent. 

Bat critics of the measure 
argue that it will not stop 
Greeks from moonlighting. In- 
stead, it will stop them from 
declaring the extra revenue to 
the tax authorities, further 
boosting the thriving black 

The Government, caught 
between growing unemploy- 
ment and toe need to attract 
investors and increase compet- 
itiveness, proposed these new 
measures at a meeting last 
week of the National Council 
for Development and Plan- 
tong, whim bring s together 
toe Government, employers' 
associations and trade onions. 

Perhaps toe most important 
stimuli for Greek business 
were derisions to consider on 
merit applications for mass 
lay-ofis by firms In financial 
difficulty, and to introduce 
productivity deals ' 

Other measures include a 
ban on toe employment of 
pensioners in toe public sector, 
while those over the age of 60 
will be offered hatf-day/half- 
pay deals imtS their retire- 
ment without loss of pension 
rights. Greek industry will 
alto be allowed to work fourth 
shifts provided die shifts are 
manned by newly-hired 

Greek officials are con- 
cerned at die rise in unemploy- 
ment, which is difficult to 
check under the Government's 
current austerity programme, 
aimed at cutting bade deficits 
aBd inflation. The Opposition 
blames the the Socialists for 
their former largesse, which 
priced Greek products out of 
world markets. 

Last week, in an effort to. 
reduce public deficits, the 
Government increased tele- 
phone, postal and electricity 
rates as well as airline and rail 

tickets by 15 per cent Deficits 
in public enterprises and util- 
ities add to tiie country’s large 
foreign debt 

The new measures, however, 
are not likely to be im- 
plemented before next Octo- 
ber. The Socialists, mindful of 
the political cost involved, 
prefer to unleash their pro- 
gramme after municipal elec- 
tions on October 12, which will 
be their first popularity test 
since winning a second term in 
June last year. 

Aquino to 
axe books 
written by 

From Keith Dalton 

President Aquino wants 
school library shelves to be 
emptied of books written by 
ex-President Ferdinand Mar- 
cos, which give a “Mancosian” ' 
interpretation of modem Phil- 
ippines history and politics. 

“Our people have to un- 
learn what Marcos taught 
them about politics and gov- 
ernment,” Mrs Aquino told 
delegates from the Inter- 
national Democratic Union, 
which monitored the presi- 
dential election last February. 

Already under review are 
school textbooks, written by 
Marcos-selected authors, that 
justify toe eight-year impos- 
ition of martial law from 1972. 

During his 20 years in office 
Mr Marcos claimed auth- 
orship of more than a dozen 
books, which were sent to 
schools and presented to visit- 
ing officials and journalists. 

But popular suspicion that 
they were ghost written by spe- 
cialist writers was confirmed 
by presidential palace officials 
in February, shortly after Mr 
Marcos fled after a civilian- 
backed military revolt and 
settled in Hawaii. 

Mrs Aquino said she would 
meet newspaper publishers, 
editors and educators soon to 
discuss her plans for “a re- 
fresher course on democracy, 
especially on toe rights and 
duties of each citizen . 




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Islamabad (Reuter) — 
Heavy fighting has been re- 
ported between Afghanistan's- 
Russian-backed troops and 
Muslim rebels in several parts 
of the country, with each fide 


troops dashed with guerrillas 
in die Muhammad Aghah 
area, killing 40 of them and 
capturing their weapons. ; 
Western -diplomats ia 'Js- 


A* d*»r« 

t Vtnv 


da air 


claiming to have inflicted frig, hunalmd r vV* hiat week that 

- «* The exiled Hez&+-IslamL mont add &ircfafL~ movements 
-; v Patty,' dne of seven : vebel 
■ -7 groups making up tire West- 

>7 era-backed guerrilla alliance, 
said that it attacked 13 govern- 
ment posts in Iagar province 

H 1 July 25. It said two OTthe guerrillas ambushed 

Papers do* ^ ^ ^SSSSanconroy; 

Pomn Wfhice V 
and Soviet troops uear the Soviet 

south-west of Kabul suggested 
that a major offensive has 
started against the rebels in 

The Hezb-i-Isiaau state- 




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if iv*\. 

w?**: Cameras it 

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MescbW^ lask Onedt 
nouaced a partial 1 
of some 7,000 troops bin move : 
rejected by the United States 
as inadequate. 

^eTteW-Islami state- 
ment said the guerrillas, went 
on the offensire again on July 
27-28 toTogsuyabout lSmifes 
sotoh-west of fribul, destroy^ 
ing fiVe tahfrs an d ieven': 

The offidal Bakhtar news 
agency of Afghanistan ha? 
also reported fighting in 

• ,1. a- 

toto ; 

f ; : 
ritwra *'■ ' 

Waizes ofs 

Mongolia welcoqies 
withdrawal of troops 

FromRobert Grieves, Peking . : • 

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Representatives of the 
Mongolian Government have 
welcomed Mr Gorbachov’s 
announced intention to with- 
draw “a substantial part” of. 
the 75,000 . Soviet troops sta- 
tioned-in Mongolia, Chinese 
officials said at the weekend. - \ 

Apart from a curt dismissal 
by toe Chinese Foreign Min- 
istry on.. Wednesday of toe 
Soviet leader’s pledge to with- 
draw six Soviet regiments 
from Afghanistan, ana minis- 
try statements that it was 
“studying” Mr Gorbachov’s _ 
Vladivostok speech, the' week- 
end^ report represented toe 
most concrete Chinese ^reac- ' 
tiOn safer to Mf Gorbachov's 

The People's Daily on Tues- 
day carried Mr Gorbachov’s 
speech on its from, page, and 
gave prominent display to the 
Soviet leader’s Afghanistan 
troop withdrawal proposal 
References to Soviet troop 
withdrawals from: Mongolia- 
appeared -further down. the. 
story. - 

China has rerteraled-that it . 
cannot re-establish diplomatic 
relations with the Soviet 
Union until Russia removes 
all its troops from Afghanistan 
and toe Siberian- Manchurian 
border, and withdraws, sup- . 
pOrt for the Vietnamese occu- 
pation of Kampuchea. 

border *nn'Hquraduj^kaiim< 

800 Afghan jurf Sovfe. 

troops.- Twenty rebels were 
kilkd and 35 injured. 

ff independently confirmed, 
tire Guilty figure would he 

toe biggest suffered by govera- 

mot and Soviet troops in . a 
singe' baffie hi nteuy-months. 
The officfaiHfiabri TfodiO) 

ported successful anti-rebel 
operations in Baghlam and 
Waidak provinces, north and 
west (d'^bol reflectively. . 

An estimated L5 million 
Chinese People’s liberation 
Army troops face about 
450,000 Soviet troops and 
Soviet SS 20 intermediate- 
range missilestomig toe 7^KXk 
Despite the political ten- 
sions 1)etween the two eoun- 
ines, bifaieml trade between 
them grew to $1.9 bifllion 
(£13.6 billion) in 1985, and 
shows every sign of topping 
that figure this year. That level 
still rails short, of Sino-US 
trade, which : totalled more 


A sevm-day session in Har- 
bin of" ihe_. .Sind-Soviet 
committee on border railway 
traffic in north-east China also 
ended on Tuesday, after both 
sides signed a protocol on toe 
improvement of transport 
organizations, goods delivery 
and transshipment. 

• Border dispute: The Sino- 
Soviet border dispute which 
erupted in armed conflict- nr 

1%9- may be drawing: to sl 
dow (Mary Dejevsky writes).' 
Mr Gorbachov last week said 
the border “might pass along 
the main ship channel of toe 
Amur river”. This was inter- 
preted by East European dip- 
lomats in Peking as meaning 
Moscow was prepared fo ac- 
cept China’s .position tor tire 
border. _\' - - 

the more yoifll profit from it 

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* L 

: -’■ ■■■ i ‘ 

Go-ahead for 
Arctic waters 

Oslo — A consortium to 
Ca n a di an compares is to 
build tiie protriype . of a 
nuclear submarine for com- 
merdal use m Arcfe waters, 
wjirte surface ice makes toe 
use of support vessels imprac- 
ticaWe or dangerous (Tony 
Samstag writes). 

The SSV (subsea vehicle) 
Saga 1 would to the first such 
vessel designed and built for 
commercial use, and would be 
capable of working all year 
rorad without surfiree support. 

The $100m submarine is: 
unlikely to be ready for 
production until tire. mid-90s. 

Canberra pulls 
out Ethiopia 
Live Aid plane 

Canberra. (Reuter) - An 
Australian military transport 
aircraft which was. loaned u> 
the Red Cross after an ap- 
proach to: the ' .Australian. 
Prime Minister by Mr Bob 
Geldof, organizer of toe Live- 
Aid appeal , was withdrawn 
after 312 flights in Ethiopia 
-when a crew member was ex- 
pelled for an alleged security 

The Ministry of Foreign Af- 
foira said, the Lockheed Cl 30 
Hercules had left Addis Ababa 
for Cyprus: Authorities ex- 
pelled a crew member for 
carrying a camera onto the 
aircraft in a restricted area.' 

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All the President’s soldiers? 

, As America builds up its elite anti-terrorism 
- forces, critics fear a concentration of power 

" in the White House. David Leppard reports 

f ■> 4". • AtyKijr > 

£Wj” • - J: ■ ; 

hen Palestinian 
guerrillas hijack- 
ed an Egyptair 
passenger jet 
containing sev- 
eral United 
States qitizens last November, a 
t&am of American undercover 
specialists was ordered to Malta, 
where the plane was grounded. 
-The counter-terrorist officers 
from the Special Operations Forces 
(SOF) and agents from the CIA 
were to conduct reconnaissance in 
pi'eparation for a full-scale landing 
ofrescue forces. 

' The team boarded an air force 
transport plane but the plane was 
unable to get off the ground. They 
Switched to a second aircraft — "but 
this one broke down too. By the 
time a third plane left the runway, 
the mission was already redundant: 
Egyptian paratroopers had stormed 
the airliner and 60 people lay dead. 

It was the bloodiest aeroplane 
hijacking in history. As one senior 
government official told The 
Times, the American operation 
“was just one fiasco after another. 
It was comical." 

- The sioiy highlights two aspects 
of a critical new phase in US 
national security policy. First, it 
indicates that the Reagan admin- 
istration is more prepared to 
deploy its Special Operations 
Farces than any other US govern- 
ment since the late 1960s. Mora 
important, it demonstrates that 
there is a deep malaise within 
American special operations and 
that the longer this continues, the 
less effective becomes the 
administration's much-vaunted 
desire to deal with international 


The Special Operations Forces 
are a collection of elite commando 
units which specialize in hostage 
rescue and other counter-terrorist 
arid counter-insurgency missions. 
They are America's equivalent of 
Britain's Special Air Service and 
Special Boat Service, but much 
larger - and strategically more 

it was SOF units from the Green 
Berets and Rangers which suffered 
13- of the 19 American fatalities 
when spearheading the 1983 US 
invasion of Grenada. And last year 
SOF hijack specialists from the 
Delta Force based at Fort Bragg, 
North Carolina, were airlifted three 
limes to deal with the Egyptair, 
Achille Lauro and TWA hijacks in 

Since mid-July, SOF troops, 
probably on detachment from the 

cocaine processing plants in the 
Bolivian jungle; other units are 
being used as part of mobile 
military training teams to aid 
America's allies in Central Amer- 
ica and elsewhere against com- 
munist-inspired insurgencies. 

This renaissance in special op- 
erations can be traced back to the 
bungled attempt to rescue the 42 
American hostages held by Iranian 
revolutionaries at the US embassy 
in Tehran in 1980. That operation 
took more than six months and 
about $250 million to execute, yet 
it still failed to achieve its objec- 
tive, ending with the deaths of eight 
US servicemen, most from the Air 
Force's 8th Special Operations 

That disaster heralded a national 
humiliation. Shortly afterwards 
Ronald Reagan replaced Jimmy 
Carter in the While House: among 
his mandates was one to restore 
America's special operations and 
intelligence-gathering capabilities. 

Since then. America’s very own 
guerrilla army has undergone an 
unprecedented peacetime build- 
up. Its budget has shot up from 
$4*11 million (about £300 million) 
in 1981 to a projected $1,600 
million (more than £1.000 million) 
for 1 987. By 1990. active duty- SOF 
personnel will total 21.600, almost 
double the 1981 figure. 

Although these statistics repre- 
sent barely 0.5 per cent of the 
projected military budget for 1987, 
they conceal the enormous empha- 
sis which the Reagan administra- 
tion is placing on the SOF to 
counter terrorism and communist- 
backed insurgencies worldwide. 

Caspar Weinberger, the US De- 
fence Secretary, told Congress that 
the strategic forces represented 
“one of this Administration's high- 
est priorities". The forces were 



Main units: Green Berets, 
Rangers, Civil Affairs. Psj 
OperationsfPsyops). Deft 
Foroe. Task Force 160 (of 101st 
Airborne Division). 

Size: active duty: 10,000; 


Main bases: Fort Bragg, North 
Carolina; Fort Banning, Georgia. 
Commander. Fort Bragg: Major 
General Joseph C Lutz, 
Commanding General of Army 
1st Special Operations Command. 
Fort Banning: n/a. 

Tactical support; HeDcopters: 
CH-47 Chinooks, Hughes 500-MD 
and OH-6s, Biackftawks. 


Main units: First Special 
Operations Wing; and Military Airlift 
Command. 23ra Air Force. 

Size: active duty: 4,000; 
reserves: 2,300. 

Main base: Huribert Field, Florida. 

Commanders: Colonel Leonard 
A ButfeitCommander 1st Special 
Operations Wing) and Major 
General William J Mall, Jnr 
(Commander, Military Airlift 

Tactical support: Heficopters: 
MH-53J Pave Lows, AC-130 
Spectre Gunships; Transport 
MC-130 Combat Talon Cargo 

Pressure for change: (top) a helicopter wrecked in the disastrous attempt to rescue the hostages in Iran; 
US troops in Grenada (bottom left); Senator William Cohen and Defence Secretary Caspar Weinberger 


Main units: SEALS (Sea-Air- 
Land) Teams and Squadrons. 

Size: active duty: 1,700; 
reserves: 1,300, 

Main bases: Attached to 
regional commands, i.e. 6th Fleet in 
Med, 7th Fleet in Pacific. 
Commander n/a. 

Tactical support Seatox 
underwater special warfare craft 

originally conceived to co-ordinate 

Army's Southern Command post 


in Panama, have been flying 
Blackhawk helicopters in the joint 
US-Bolivian operation to wipe out 

with conventional military forces 
in full-scale wars, conducting 
reconnaissance and harassing ac- 
tions and giving support to local 
resistance groups. 

Recently two factors have led to 
a dramatic change in their tactical 
role. For a variety of reasons, 
prospects of US involvement in a 
hilly-fledged military conflict have 
diminished markedly; secondly, 
the rise in international terrorism 
has led military analysts to coin an 
ominous new phrase in the lexicon 
of war. “low-intensity conflict". 

One such analyst is Senator 
William S. Cohen, a highly re- 
spected Republican who sits on 
two powerful Senate committees, 
the armed services committee and 
the select committee on intelli- 
gence. He says: “A new form of 
warfare has emerged, a form of 

warfare that we have not properly 
understood, and that we have not 
effectively deterred. This war takes 
the form of terrorist attacks and 
guerrilla insurgencies.'' 

To Senator Cohen and others 
like him. the revitalization of 
America’s special operations offers 
an effective response. With Senator 
Sam Nunn, he is sponsoring a Bill 
to improve the co-ordination of US 
counter-terrorism policy by re- 
organizing the command structure 
of SOF. 

Senator Cohen argues that the 
problem posed by low-intensity 
conflict cannot be met simply by 
throwing more money, men and 
weapons at it 

That there is a problem is 
evident from government studies 
of the Iran and Grenada missions, 
the two most high-profile SOF 
operations in recent years. The 
studies concluded that in both 
cases SOF effectiveness was seri- 
ously. hindered by appalling de- 
ficiencies in forward planning and 
communications. Worse still were 
the endemic rivalries that: pre- 
vailed —and still prevail — between 
the three arms of the military 
throughout which SOF units are 

dispersed (see box). The lack of any 
permanent unified command 
structure has meant that each time 
a crisis requiring SOF deployment 
arises, the Joint Chiefs of Staffhave 
to set up an ad hoc task-force 
composed of the separate service 
units. In situations where hours 
and often minutes can make the 
difference between the life and 
death of hostages, failure of co- 
ordination can prove dangerously 

S enator Cbhen's legisla- 
tion proposes to remove 
the plague of inter-ser- 
vice rivalry with a joint 
military oreanization 
for special forces, and 
creating a “co-ordinating board for 
low-intensity conflict" within the 
National Security Council. 

Pressure on the joint chiefs to 
compromise on their hitherto jeal- 
ously-guarded monopoly of SOF 
operations is also coming from the 
House of 'Representatives. 
Congressman Dan Daniel, chair- 
man of the readiness subcommit- 
tee of the house armed services 

committee, and Congressman Earl 
Hutto, chairman of the special 

operations panel, are hoping to add 
a provision to the 1987 Defence 
Authorization Bill to allow a 
National Special Operations 
Agency to be set up. 

Congressman Daniel's proposal 
is to detach all SOF units from 
their homes in the three military 
services and the Marines and 
create stearate new services. More 
radical is his suggestion that this 
new agency should have direct 
access to the national command 
authorities — the euphemism on 
Capitol Hill for the President (the 
US Commander-in-Chief) and the 
Defence Secretary. This proposal 
would have the extraordinary ef- 
fect of reducing the military's role 
to an advisory capacity, passing 
real control to the civilian 

The joint chiefs are not the only 
ones -voicing concern about 
Congress’s plans. Liberal critics 
note that, unlike the CIA, whose 
(trading is subject to congressional 
approval and whose covert opera- 
tions must be reported to the 
Congress and Senate intelligence 
committees, there are no similar 
requirements for SOF activities. 

The Cohen-Daniel proposals 

have set the alarm bells ringing 
among those who believe that the 
build-up presages a worrying wave 
of US covert operations in the 
Third World. Instead of dealing 
effectively with terrorism, they 
argue, SOF revitalization merely 
increases the risk of the US being 
dragged into another Vietnam. 

The threat to American national 
security from low-intensity conflict 
was summed up by George 
Shultz.the US Secretary of State, at 
a conference on special operations 
and unconventional warfare earlier 
this year."The ironic fact is that 
these new and elusive challenges 
[of terrorism and guerrilla insur- 
gencies] have proliferated in part 
because of our successes in deter- 
ring nuclear and conventional 
war", he said. “Our adversaries 
know they cannot prevail against 
us in either type of war. Low- 
intensity warfare is their answer to 
our conventional and nuclear 
strength. They hqpe the legal -and-, 
moral complexities of thestfitinds 
of challenges will ensnare us in our 
scruples and exploit- our humane 
inhibitions against applying force 
to defend our interests." 

© Tim«3 Newspaper! Ltd, 1SSS 




■ To celebrate the second year of the Dunhill Cup, an event 
has been devised which should prove equally as exciting. 

.And the winner will receive £15,000 worth of Dunhill 

Simply visit your nearest Dunhill store before the 19th of 
September and enter your name and address on a leaflet. You will 
then be matched with one of the forty-eight plavers compering in 
the final at St. Andrews. 

If your player scores the best individual round, your name 
wilj go into a draw. The first name drawn will win die first prize of 
£15,000 worth of Dunhill merchandise of tlieir own choosing. The 
nexr five will win a second prize of a Dunhill watch, and there will 
be prizes of Dunhill silver-plated Dress Pens for the next 100 names 

Naturally, as the Dunhill Cup has become the worlds 
premier team golfing event, you will be able to follow your players 
progress by watching the live coverage on BBC Television. And 
with a ‘stake’ in the action, you should find this final even more 
exciting than last years. 

Huiil nil if i \ irfij»*i [jn> *'■, 

FptfWintf-vi Ari~iik Inn^ inJuJ,- Hjn.»k 1 MiaJ*'.iiid Hjrvx NhltJ* 

Flagship for the 

Cowes may get the 

glory, but Yachting 

Monthly , 80 years 

old, is closer to the 

heart of true sailors 

COWES WEEK? Those snotty 
vachiies in white bags, fit 
young gorillas in designer 
oilskins, and shrill .socialites 
longing for an invitation to the 
Royal Yacht Squadron Ball — 
those are not what yachting is 
really abouL 

As garish racers slid their 
go-fester stripes out towards 
Cowes Road on Saturday, an 
infinitely more graceful pro- 
cession was moving off down 
the River Orwell in 
Suffolk. There was the Alan, a 
1909 ketch: the Firefly, which 
has been in the same family 
for 52 years: a 1926 Hillyard 
design called Iskra, which has 
several Atlantic crossings un- 
der her belt: and five others, 
representing the five decades 

They too raced, but not in 
the spirit of Cowes. They had 
gathered together for a water- 
borne salute to one of the great 
unsung British institutions: 
Yachting Monthly magazine, 
which for 80 years has been 
the champion of the modest 
man and his boat. 

Lei the flashy and rapidly 
obsolescent racing machines 
zip round their Day-Glo 
advertising buoys oo the So- 
lent; the chummy procession 
down the Orwell will have 
drawn more interest from 
Yachting Monthly's loyal and 
muddy readers. And the 
crews, instead of sitting 
hunched neurotically over 
their winches, no doubt found 
time to admire the odd tern 
skimming over the water or 
brew a cup of tea between 

Yachting Monthly repre- 
sents all this. It is a phenom- 
enon in the ' sailing sub- 
culture. Its first edition bad 
Edward VII as “Yachtsman of 
the Month" and reviewed a 
daring new invention called 
the Motogodille. a sort of 
prehistoric outboard engine. It 
has not faltered since. 

It is also a phenomenon in 
magazine publishing; only five 
issues lost in 80 years and only 
five editors overall Even 
more remarkably, the last 
three of those editors are not 
only still on excellent terms, 
but" all write for the anniver- 
sary issue, representing 61 

vessels in distress as an emer- 
gency form of mooring, so you 
are, after all “making proper 
use of the harbour facilities". 

THERE IS no other yachting 
magazine likely to print an 
engaging half-page ramble on 
the number of animal names 
used on board ship (you 
mouse a shackle and cat an 
anchor), nor run a regular 
feature entitled “The Con- 
fessional". in which readers 
recount embarrassing mo- 

ments when they missed' a 
d fo 

Tribute to a king: the first edition of Yachting Monthly 

years of unbroken tradition. 

There is Maurice Griffiths, 
yacht designer of the 1920s, 
the patron saint of all those 
whose idea of heaven is a 
curlew-haunted anchorage up 
a' reedy river after a hard 
passage home from Holland. 
Griffiths, in feet saved the 
magazine: in 1921 the founder 
editor Herbert Reiach died 
(aboard his boat naturally) 
and the editorship passed to. 
one of the Cowes fraternity. 
Major Malden Hecksiall- 
Smith. He filled it with regatta 
and social news, and the 
readership deserted en masse 
to a modest periodical edited 
by Griffiths and chiefly in- 
tended as a brokerage guide. 

lowed the bigger magazine 
entirely and the YM was back 
on course as the flagship of the 
silent non-racing majority. In 
1966, after 40 years, Maurice 
Griffiths handed over to Des 
Sleigh (holme who only relin- 
quished his helm last year. 

It is the Sleightholme style 
which 1 first met: a combina- 
tion of humorous nostalgia for 
the old days and appreciation 
of the new, “Then there was a 

river with a line of wooden 
boats moored to wooden bar- 
rels; now there is a thousand- 
mast marina and an acre of 
parked cars . . . technician 
has replaced craftsman, and 
lamp wick has yielded to light- 
emitting diode." 

He evolved today’s for- 
mula: a winning mixture of 
tarry old wisdoms and rig- 
orously fair consumer tests of 
everything from satellite 
navigation systems to Snack- 
pots. Few readers will forget 
either his joyful and vocif- 
erous discovery of a new. 
seasick pill in the 1 970s, or his 
dreamy little essays on such 
matters as the. best lamp-fuel 
for binnacles (sacristy oil from 
ecclesiastical suppliers). 

Among the hard-facts arti- 
cles. accounts of readers’ 
cruises, and esoteric ads for 
chandlery. and “high perfor- 
mance offshore trousers", 
there has always run a rich 
vein of eccentricity. If you 
write an account of running 
aground in Ramsgate Har- 
bour, a reader, will pop up 
instantly with a quotation 
from a 1 937 pilot book saying 
that the mud banks in Rams- 
gate were often used by fishing 

lighthouse and found them- 
selves in Swan age by mistake, 
or tangled their anchor chain 
round the propeller and lost 
their glasses overboard. 

The new editor, Andrew 
Bray, says he does not have to 
go looking for such diversions. 
“The magazine does it by 
itself. It has a total life of its 
own." All nine editorial staff 
are active cruising sailors and 
the readers art very free with 
their anecdotes. Heath -Robin- 
son ideas and occasional 
scolds. But the secret, above 
all is the romantic streak 
which has survived into the 
age of glass fibre and Terylene. 

Sleightholme understands 
this best: writing about Suffolk 
sailing, he will suddenly burst 
out “This is the joy of sailing 
ancient waters. .Come micro- 
chip or boil-in-the-bag dinner, 
the' wind that lifts my sails 
lifted those of hoy and brig, 
my echo-sounder pings on the 
bones of Saxon. Dane, and 
Dutchman , . 

Cowes Week never pro- 
duced a thought like that. 

In the 
eye of 

a storm 

The British are no 

strangers to foul 
weather. But why 

does it so often 

occur in summer? 

Libby Purves 

© Tima* Nmnpapm Ud. 1988 

There are few more awe- 
inspiring sights than a fiJI- 
btown thunderstorm. Tire 
impact is longstanding and 
ran also be chaotic, as the 
weekend's floods in the north 
and west of the country bear 

Even oar most famous 
honeymooners, the Duke and 
Duchess of York, were njwet 
by storms, when the returning 
B ritannia was forced to seek 
shelter in Portsmouth on 

We can all sympathize with 
the sense of fear recorded by 
Virgil in the Aeneuh “The 
heavens thundered and the 
air shone with frequent fire: 
and all things threatened men 
with instant death." Yet to 
most of us they remain a 
source of mystery. 

Clearly, the vital combina- 
tion for storms is warm humid 
air at low level and ranch 
colder, dryer air aloft. The 
conditions are then right for 
bnbbles of warm air to rise 
rapidly, forming towering 
clouds. This is usually trig- 
gered either when the low 
level air is heated by the 
daytime sun or at the end of a 
hot spell as cooler air moves 

The right conditions can 
occur at any time, bat are 
much more common in 
smnmerAVinter storms are 
less intense as the surface air 
is cooler and less humid. In a 
normal year central and 
southern England can expect 
to have thunder on between 
10 and 20 days. 

In a single storm cell there 
is a continuous motion, as 
warm air rises np the centre 
and cold air flows down the 
outside. A mature storm is. on 
average about five miles 
across, six miles high and 
lasts for an hour. The energy 
involved in such a brute is 
equal to about 10 to 20 times 
that of the atom bomb 
dropped on Nagasaki 

As a storm rambles across 
die country it will stir op new 
ilistutbtineqSf &Bd .this means, 
that the amount of rain in any 
one place can vary greatly. In 
August 1975 'more ffcau six. 
inches of rain fell on Hamp- 
stead in a few hours while 
places within 10 miles had no 
rain at all. 

A hailstorm can be even 

more dramatic. This is 
formed when raindrops fall- 
ing down die edge of the 
storm are sucked back into 
the central updraft and freeze. 
In Britain hail normally 
ws no bigger than a pea. 
rare occasions, h can grow 
bigger than a golfbalL In 
other parts of the world, 
notably the midwest United 
States, hail of this size is 
more common and the record 
for a hailstone was a l%lb 
mis-shapen object seven 
inches across that fell on 
Coffey, Nebraska in 1970. 

Heavy hail causes great 
damage. In August 1846, for 
instance, hail broke 7,000 
windows in the Houses of 
Parliament and smashed the 
glass arcade that then cov- 
ered the pavements of Regent 

Even more fearsome is the 
lightning. By a process as yet 
incompletely understood, the 
impact between raindrops 
and ice crystals builds up a 
positive electrical charge at 
the top of the clouds and a 
negative charge at the bottom. 
Wbea the charge reaches a 
certain level It discharges 
from the base of the doud to 
the ground. The dap of 
thunder is the sonic boom 
created by the stroke of the 

The Romans believed that 
the bay tree provided protec- 
tion from lightning, while our 
folklore ascribes these same 
powers to both holly and 
mistletoe. But anyone caught 
out in the open in the middle 
of a storm is better advised 
not to shelter under trees or 
tall objects. Crouch ■ down, 
clutching your feet and legs 
together. It may look siliv bat 
being struck by 


WJ. Burroughs 



I Recording collection 

4 Roman legislator (7) 

8 Mountain ash (5) 

9 Useful facility (7) 

10 Ramparts (8) 

11 Silly talk (4) 

13 SUKdtiaractcrni) 

17 Italian capital (4) 

18 Window louvre 
boards (81 

21 Baseball thrower (7)' 

22 Spirit measure (S) 

23 Unusual (7) 

24 Brawl (S) 


1 Oxygen organism (6) 

2 Entrails (5) 

3 Powerful bureaucrat 
( 8 ) 

4 Pretext (SJi 

5 Christmas 1-4) 

6 -Similar threesomc(7) 
7 Noise pattern (6) 

12 Political nance (8) 

14 Current measure (7) 

15 Fumbles (6) 

!« |? un,an "und (6) 

19 Praise (5> 

20 Sparse (4) 








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4 Feminists can’t win. They get it in the neck if they advocate abortion and 
are vilified if, finding husbands hard to come by, they have a test-tube baby 9 

Twenty years 'ago; Sir Edmund 
Leadi .gave: the first ami-family 
diatribe I ever heard when he 
delivered the Reith Lectures and 
snarled the-, words, “the family, 
with its narrow privacy and 
tawdry secrets”. 

I had not supposed that his 
lecwrerhad any influences all on 
the popu lation at large, since 
surveyafter surveys shows that it is 
ibe f nienti oii of m ost young men 
and \H5ffieif ti> ger marrietTand 
reproduce themsdvtt; t * s — 

Nevertheless* the authors of a 
book published today. Family 
Portrait's, think that them is a 
perverse desire on foe part of the 
state and its citizens to undermine 
the formal" family, which they 
perceive to be “the family of 
husband, wife and their- own 
dnktren,- -the- jMrento- seriously 
intending- to stay -togetiier T -tbe 
husband being the principal if not 
the only breadwinner". 

The villains who seek to destroy 
this harmonious little 'group are 
threefold.' -fenrinisis, the govern- 
ment of tite day and busybody 
organizations such as the Family 
Planning- Association -and .the 
Heaftfr Edutiatipn Councit .AH of 
these: tf is thqughfc tempt people 
away from “norm al^fanrily life by 
showering financial benefits ana 
moral approval on single-parent 
families and people who would 
rather go on the toot than settle 

It is terribly easy to find fault 
with this book; in met, many of the 
contributors fin'd Suit with, each 
ofoecBemuoite Parker seeschfld 
benefit aSTfie'.tobff cost^Jfeqtive 
means 'of supporting the tra- 
ditional family Wm)e ’David. 
Marsland thinks that' “enormous 

resources currently -wasted on 
better-off fern i lies could easily and 
should properly be transferred 
directly to the genuinely poor'*. 

. Yet the book's most serious 
failing is that everyone portrayed 
in it is a stereotype — feminists are 
man-bating viragos, teachers are 
parent-bating leftovers .from the 
wicked 1960s, children from sin- 
gloparem ifemihes are authority- 
hating deviahts-- " ' ' ‘ ' : ' ■ • 

’ : Ta take- tbei attack cm feminists 
first. It is; now widely accepted, 
although hot by the editors of 
Family Portraits* that feminism 
was in part a response to the flight 
from commitment by men, many 
of them husbands and fathers 
who, in increasing numbers, have 
been walking out-on their wives 
.and ; &iiiilies.~ Given the choice, 

‘ most women would 'sot Aoose to 
bring up children single-handedly. 

i am appalled at how 
little the state invests 
in our children’ 

Even the chapter^ in Family Por- 
traits called “JRemin&f Attempts 
to Sack Father A Case of Unfair 
Dismissal?" admits that “nine out 
of ten of those parents who leave 
the', matrimonial home are male”. 

It is wefl-nigh impossible to stop 
Daddy from leaving if -Daddy 
wants .Co go but that' is not the 
sartieas 1 claimrag, as doe the 
chapter’santhar, Patricia Morgan, 
that there, is a campaign against 
lathers. Nor is thereon “eagerness 
to assume that families headed by 
single mothers provide an ade- 

quate environment - for bringing 
up healthy children .{whidij has 
been reflected in the policies of 
courts and welfare bodies as well 
as lubricating the path of easier 
and easier divorce”. 

On the contrary, so strongly 
held is the notion that children do 
better in a two-parent household 
that divorced mothers of children 
tend to many again as quickly as 
possible. The' 31 per cent of the- 
nation's households which consist 
of married couples with depen- 
dent children scoop up those 
where the children belong to only 
one spouse. 

All the lobbying on behalf of 
single parents is to ensure that 
they and their children do not 
suffer from the disadvantages of 
that state. Nobody is hastening the 
exit of fathers from the home. 
What they are trying to do is see 
that their disappearance does not 
cause damage and, in spite of 
some rather dodgy evidence to the 
contrary quoted by Patricia Mor- 
gan, it would appear that they 
would be winning the battle. 

. It has to be said, however, that 
even when Daddy stays put, he 
may not participate as much as he 
should in his children’s lives anrf 
tins can have negative results. 
Research by Charlie Lewis and 
John and Elizabeth Newsom in- 
vestigated levels of father involve- 
ment within intact families and 
found that some fathers hardly 
knew the meaning of the word. 

Far be ft from me to advocate 
divorce but I have seen children 
flourish -wonderfully when - their - 
divorced father, shows - up at 
weekends arid -cans them on for 
two days of his undivided' atten- 
tion and educational outings. 





Maybe they are better off in this 
son of broken home than in an 
intact one where the male house- 
holder snores the weekend away in 
front of the video and the female 
one snaps everybody’s head off 
every time she trips over her 
husband’s feet. 

A Home Office Research Study 
in 1983 (hardly the work of 
dangerous radicals) reported that 
there was no link between 
criminaiity and fatherless families 
and that “life in single-parent 
fern flies is often more difficult but 
no less caring”. One might even 
deduce that if parents split up and 
so spend less time with each other, 
.they might spend more time with 
their children. But let us not 
deduce that; since any theory can 
be neatly turned on its head. 

Instead of campaigning to keep 

the MMA. 1 think Ms Morgan 
should be striving to bring back 
official Matchmakers. What she is 
more likely lo do is blame 
feminism again. Feminists just 
can't win. They get it in the neck if 
they advocate abortion and arc 
vilified just as much if. finding 
husbands hard to come by. they 
try and have a baby via a test-tube. 

State interference is also re- 
funded as being against the in- 
terests of the normal family. 
Although I do not wish this 
country to become another Swe- 
den, where nursery school teach- 
ers are encouraged to report 
parents who do not seem to be 
bringing up their children in a 
socially approved manner, I am 
appalled at how little the state 
invests in our children. 

1 once interviewed the woman 
who was Maria Colwell's primary 
school teacher. Time and time 
again, she had tried to tell people 
that there was something wrong 
with, the shivering little bundle of 
bones who sat on her lap during 
storytime. Time and time again, 
she was told that the problem 
would have to wait until the next 
committee meeting, or that every- 
thing seemed all right at home. 

The authors of Family Portraits 
would say that such childre n did 
not belong to “normal” families 
and they would be right But I 
have taught in schools in leafy 
suburbs where every family lived 
their life as portrayed in Janet and 
John reading primers. Some of my 
pupils could hardly master simple 
sentences because they were 
looked after by foreign au pairs 
while their mothers went to 
advanced cookery classes. 

Far from urging less govern- 

ment interference I would like to 
‘ see ihe appointment of a Minister 
for Children. And please lei it be 
somebody who regards it as a 
national scandal that a young 
woman is left alone with a bawling 
toddler in a tower block day after 
day; somebody who insists that 
ibe baric rudiments of parenthood 
are taught as part of the school 

This suggestion will be anath- 
ema to David Marsland, whose 
chapter in Family Portraits insists 
that “the family is still being 
weakened by state hijacking of 
young people”. And it will not find 
approval from Valerie Riches 
who, in the following chapter, 
suggests that sex education should 
be removed from the curriculum. 
They both suggest, as does 
Hermione Parker in another es- 
say, that taking responsibility 
away from parents has produced 

‘We now think sex 
and morals should 
go hand in hand’ 

an offensive, street-smart genera- 
tion of young adults who.' with 
state handouts jingling in their 
pockets, leave home deriding their 
parents' values and intent on 
living a life of sexual 

But look around and what do 
you see? Grown-up children slay- 
ing in the parental home until 
their mid-twenties or even later. 
Common sense tells them that 
they are better off there than in 
squalid lodgings, even if they 
would then be entitled to a board 

■ and lodgi ng allowance of £70 
a week. The young adults wh&do 
take advantage of this scheme -are 
those who are unable to find work 
near home - and that is another 
and far more scandalous story. " 

As for the school's role injjgx 
education, here is a chicken-ami- 
egg situation. Was the suQfect 
introduced because teachers dis- 
covered that parents were leaving 
their children in ignorance? Or did 
parents opt out because . fthe£ 
discovered (one suspects in sqgte 
cases thankfully) that schools were 
taking over the job? 

In any case, one feels that 
Valerie Riches is locking the stqhle 
door after the permissive society 
has disappeared over the horizon. 
Mosi people, the loony left aside, 
now think that sex and .morals 
should go hand in hand, jusras 
they think that the son of primary 
school education advocated bylhg 
ridiculous Plowdcn Report of the 
1960s- should be abolished , in 
fevour of proper timetables which 
leach the three Rs. 

It is hard to be angry with 
Family Portraits since all the illsXt 
portrays are already on the way 
oul Divorce figures are stabiliz- 
ing; students have, on the whqfo 
stopped demonstrating and -art 
anxious to acquire jobs as manage^ 
ment consultants: there is a move 
towards streaming-by-abiliiy in 
schools. Reading the outraged, 
contributions to this book almost 
induces a sense of nostalgia forth? 
bad old days which, the authors 
refuse to notice, have been super- 
ceded by better, new ones. 

Family Portraits, edited by Digby 
Anderson and Graham Dawson,-is 
published today by the SoctSf 
Affairs Unit, price £4.95. 

Christopher Knight was 
seven years old when he 
died. Just 48 hours earlier 
he had been playing foot- 
bgllhi the street vriieie he - 
lived- fat -StqhehoBse, a. 
SBbrirh^ofV? fe 
Gloucestershire. The next, 
day he complained of a 
bad kfHarlip and his 
mother pot him to bed. That evening she called the 
doctor, who summoned an ambulance and sent 
Christopher, to hpspitaL There be was -green 
antibiotics and^ afterwards, transferred to. 

intensive eart.~T{£ following *#terROon liewasdend. - 

■" " : ■; • - . • ■ : : 

B ^^tj^^TbgLrig^^t3ra^»ei^lto u ry'are , worry^lg ^ 
and gsef fbr.,ChnsT -about rtksvtist$ their wchikfren 
topher Right and his to day with Geoffrey.* 
family, there lies an- Since Christopher’s death, 
other equally poignant eipo- . Geoffrey’s father, 42-year-old 
tion: fear. For QmstppbtJr is Michael Squibb, -has been 
the latest victim of meriingo- spearheading a campaign 
coccal meningitis., a . partial-. . among bis worried neighbours 
lady ' -vffulent strain _ of . to collect2£00 signatures ena 
meningitis' ■wfucli, has* been. . -petition ’ bearing- the— slogan 

Ros Drinkwatar 

plaguing theStroud district for. 
the pari five years. . 

While the medical, authori- 
ties search — so far in vain — 
for the possible cause and for 
an effective vaccine against 
the disease, the inhabitants of 
this picturesque corner of the 
Cotswbjds li ve op tenterhooks 
wondering wfio - {he 
□exTVictim.- ^ •: ^ 

Government health: experts 
are growing increasingly con- 
cerned about the possibility of 
a national epidemic following 
the deaths of 72 people in 
Britain ibis year. But in 
Stroud, where the incidence of 
meningitis, are is 14 times 
greater than the: national av- 
erage, the risks have become* I some 

livinp niphtmnrR.- • r“ . •: tt 

living nightmares 

“You always think it’s going 
to -happen to someone else 
until it happens on your 
doorstep”, says 27-year-old 
Barbara Stewart, who has a 
three-year-old son, Douglas. 
“Now we are looking over our 
shoulders all the time to see 
where it's going to strike next 

1 watch 1 Douglas like - a 
hawk now.- 1 have told him he 
has got to idl me if he gets a 
headache, and the doctor said 
that if he cant move his bead 
from side to side I have got to 
take him down to the surgery 

Most worrying for the 
inhabitants' of the 170 square 
miles of- imdulati ng country- 
side,- which makes np the 
Stroud District is the feet that 
the doctors and saentirishave 
so far found no reason for the 
heavy incidence of cases in the 
area. Despite three research 
projects currently in progress, 
the authorities admit they are 

“7 don’t think wehave 
made any 'discoveries m ifie 
past ftye .years.”, says Dr 
James Stuart, Gloucester's 
registrar- in tomm unity 

Dr Stuart is anxious to 
stress that Stroud is not the 
only place in Britain to be 
affected. Yet the experts agree 
that it is unusual for an 
outbreak to last as iongas five 
year?. -While the normal 
chance of catching meningo- 
coccal meningitis is one -in 
100,000, there have been 14 
cases among the 106.000 peo- 
ple jn the Stroud District 
already' this year, and around 
1 00 since 1981. 

Last week • One of 
Christopher’s best friends, 
eight-year-old Geoffrey 
Squibb, was identified as be- 
ing a carrier of -the' disease. 
Now the entire Squibb family ' 
have been pur on antibiotics 

How many moremust die?”, 

; which he took up to Downing 
Street last ’Wednesday. 
“Someone has got to speak out 
and it just happens to be us", 
he explains. 

Doctors believe that the 
tests — carried out by means of 
. a throat Swab ^ are-meaning- 
: less. It is : quit? comraou for 
. any number of people tacariy- 
' meningitis germs at ihe back - 
of their throat without being 
infected themselves or passing 
on the disease to anyone else. 
A negative test one week may 
become a positive one the 
next — or vice versa. To the 
anxious parents of Stroud, 
however, swabbing issi least 
some- kind of tangible action.- 
sa ” " 

Speaking oat Mrs Kaye Squibb and her son Geoffrey, identified last week as a carrier of the disease 

say?- -local GP Dr Michael 
O’Dowd, “a case of something 
being seen to be done. I 
certainly wouldn't want to be 
the doctor in Stonebouse who 
refused to take swabs.” In 
common with the other GPs 
in the area. Dr O’DowcTs 
workload is being increased by 
anxious parents' who - want 
reassurance, -for foe initial 
. symptoms of meningitis -are 
. very similar -to those of flu. 

While the authorities are 
doing' then best to deflect fear 
and prevent panic, Stroud is 
already suffering from a back- 
lash of alarm. . 

Rethink on drugs 

From Dr Ann Dally, 
Devonshire Place, London WJ 

Your article on drug abuse 
(Friday Page, July 4) seems to 
have been prepared entirely 
from official, government- 
fttnded sources. It contained 
useful information presented 
with an implicit, unquestion- 
ing attitude such as might be. 
found in an estimate of a 
Soviet problem in Pravda. 

Increasingly, prohibition 
and abstinence are the official 
policies. These are being 
strengthened as it’ becomes 
apparent that they have failed. 
Anyone who 

considers the . position seri- 
ously -will see that the illicit 
drug industry is booming as 

The reason for this most be 
that there are more purchas- 
ers. Clearly, attempts to weah 
addicts off drugs and to pre- 
vent people from taking illegal 
drugs have been nnsmxessfiiL 

The ex-addict who describes 
how he stopped taking drugs 
represents a laudable but 
small minority among drag 
addicts. A “success" of this 
sort is often wheeled oat to 
justify present policies. To 
give them such prominence 
brings despair to those who 
know that they or their loved 
ones cannot achieve tins 

. Much can be done to help - 
addicts before they decide to 
stop, and many can only come 


to this decision if they are> 
given a great deal of help whjb£ 
they are still using drags, even^ 
when they are convinced that: 
they cannot stop using them.'” 

Thonghtfnl people from dif- 
ferent professions are become 
lug amtions About • present; 
policies and attitudes towards' 
users of illegal drugs and foe- 
treatment provided for drag^ 
addicts, increasingly, they see ' 
these as inadequate and 
counterproductive. We have' 
lost foe fight against drngsia^ 
it is conducted, -at- present.: 
Only a tiny minority of drag 
addicts present themselves for ^ 
tiert mtert. Of these: ‘ only -ra- 
tiny minority succeed. - ~ “ in 

Policies and attitudes to -i. 
wards drugs have become-a 
kind of political game. The. 
subject needs new thinking, - 
not the tired repetition of old 
and outworn attitudes, even if 
they are the official ones. 


Milk which is pasteurized is 
heated to 72° C and held at 
that temperature for 15 sec- 
onds, not I S minutes as stated 
in the article on food preserva- 
tion (Wednesday Page, July 
30). Also, it is Professor 
Geoffrey Campbell-Platt of 
tire Lealherhead -Food Re- 
search Association, not Camp- 
bell-Black.' " ‘ 

Miraodoas recovery; Daniel Prior, 
safely back 'with ius mother Tam 

Sodal Kfe disrupted: 
Robin Jenlrinson 

Fearing the futur e : Barbara S tewart , 
worried about her son Donald 

here", says Mis Dowding. 7 1 
don’t even mind that we will 
probably lose money on our 
house. Anybody could get 
jneningiiis. 1 wake up in foe 
- -c >• - ■ v - middle of foe night wondering 
: chools - from -other, jf m y children are going down 
parts of the country •- with it; tomorrow. - Ifs on 
.everybody’s mind aH the 

In foe tree-lined high street 
of Stonehouse with its banging 
flower baskets and ivy-clad 
buildings, there are, constant 
reminders of foe killer disease. 
A blackboard propped on foe 

i-have cancelled plans 

to compete in foe local 
swimming galas; children 
looking forward to staying 
trith friends outside foe area 
have suddenly had their in- 
vitations withdrawn; tourists 
visiting Stroud are changing 
foeir holiday plans; and house _ 
prices -in this- affluent]: and 
otherwise., .highly. - desirable, 
area in foe Cotswolds are 

“l gather that estate agents 
are being told by their clients, 
'Please don't bother to send us 
details of houses in foe Stroud 
area’,", says Stonehouse’s par- 
ish council chairman, Mr 
Dave Smith, who ts also foe 
local newsagent - 
ft . is a reaction thai25-year- 
old Mis Catherine Dowding 
finds easy to understand. 3he 
and her husband Roger, a 30- 
year-old merchant naval offi- 
cer. are so concerned about 
foe welfare of foeir two small 
children that they are planning 
to move_away from Stroud 
altogether, despite the feet that 
they were.bofo born there and . 
.their families still live there. 

Tdon?! eare where we go. 
but I am too frightened to stay 

pavement carries a chalked 
message advertising “Special 
bingo at Stonehouse Scout 
Hut — all proceeds to foe 
parents . of Christopher 
Knight". In foe Fruits of foe 
World greengrocer’s, there is.a 
collecting box for the Knights 
and a notice announcing a 
marathon table quoits and 
skittles evening organized by 
the Stonehouse Meningitis 

It is a cause in which 25- 
year-old Tina Prior has a 
special interest because her 

18-montb-old son, Daniel 
caught meningitis four 
months ago. 

Daniel was one of the lucky 
ones and is now folly recov- 
ered although, at foe time, the 
doctors told her it was un- 
likely he would live. • 



Meningitis is an inflammation of the menaces, the 
membranes covering foe brain and the spinal cord. The 

present epidemic in the Stroad area is dne to a snlphonamide 

resistant Group B meningococcus, a similar strain to that 
which has cassed other recent outbreaks in Plymouth, 
London, Merseyside and Bi rmin g h a m . 

Bacterial meningitis is spread by droplet infection, the 
bacteria entering the bloodstream through the nose and 
throat and bexng carried from there to the meni nge s. Past 
epidemics have shown font 45 per cent' of foe eases involve 
adolescent* or children, whh more males than females. . 

The onset is freqoentfy sndden with headache, pain in the 
back and neck, and fever, ihdnding rigors and vounting.'Very 
often the pulse is unexpectedly slow. A rash appears before 
foe third day. The patient is irritable and dislikes the light 
and so characteristically lies curled up with his eyes covered; 
he may later become confused and comatose. Treatment is 
straightforward: contacts can be prophy l a ct fc a Dy treated with 
rifampicin, and actual cases with high doses of p enicillin . 

In foe past bacterial meidn^tis had a 75 percent mortality 

rate; antibiotics have reduced this to an average of 1 0 per cent. 
Despite the viralence of the Gloucestershire organism, the 
death rate in the present epidemic is only about 4 percent. 

hep he first be- 
came ill the Pri- 
ors were told he 
bad chicken pox. 
As his condition began to 
deteriorate drastically they 
called m another doctor, who 
diagnosed meningitis and sent 
him to hospital where he was 
kept on a drip for 10 days. 

“It's something you think 
will never happen to you", 
says Mrs Prior, “and when it 
does you just don't under- 
stand what’s happening,” 
When Daniel was wal again 
she joined the local action 
group, which has raised 
£20,000 for research Into foe 
causes of the disease. 

With an almost total lack of 
hard facts to fell back on, 
rumours abound among the 
people of Stroud. Their sus- 
picions as to foe causes of foe 
epidemic range from foe re- 
cent dredging of a local canal 
to possible radiation from a 
triangle of nuclear power sta- 
tions that encompass the area. 
Discotheques, cafes and wine 
bars have also been men- 
tioned as possible sources of 

infection. Twenty-year-old 
Robin Jenkinson admits that 
he no longer socializes as 
much as he once did. “I have 
heard that you can catch it 
through saliva”, he says. “L 
don’t cadge fags off people any 
more or use other people’s 
beer glasses.” 

Christopher Knight, a 
builder's son with two small 
sisters, was the fourth fatality 
in foe area and the ninth 
victim on Sionehouse's Park 
Estate. A bright and friendly 
child, foe effects of his death 
have reached far beyond his 
family and friends. 

For Mrs Kathleen Gam- 
bling, foe tragedy holds 
particular poignancy. She is 
foe headmistress of the Park 
Infant School where Chris- 
topher was a pupil “He was a 
lovely little boy, perky, bright 
and full of fun" she says. “1 
think a cloud has fallen over 
us all since his death. I 
suppose teachers are like sur- 
rogate mothers really, even 
though our main job is to 

As soon as she heard the 
news of Christopher's death 
she drove straight over to his 
parents* council house to com- 
fort the family. “The loss of a 
child is really beyond belief 1 , 
she says. 

Sally Brompton 

. (£T1m» Nwipapin Ufl, IMS 



The peoples of the Sudan are survivors; theyjve 
learned to cope with their harsh climate and 

But now they face additional threats, AND 

■ In Southern Sudan thousands of hungry 
families, forced by widespread conflict 
and insecurity to abandon their villages, are 
now crowding into the Impoverished towns of 
Wan and Juba; most are destitute, their cattle 
stolen or sold. Oxfam is working with other 
agencies to distribute desperately needed 
emergency food supplies. « 

■ Across the Sahel, locust control! 

programmes have also boon disrupted; 
and the harvest In Sudan's Darfur province is 
threatened. Here Oxfam has provided seed, 
grain to poor fanners, and spraying against the 
locusts Is needed today to protect crops on 
which thousands will soon depend for food. . 

In the Red Sea Hills, Oxfam’s nutrition 
teams report a high proportion of young 
children, severely undernourished. .Now. 
Oxfam’s field staff are undertaking a major 
new btitiative to ensure food distribution 
reaches the most needy , in remote areas. 


Oxfam staff have been working with our 
Sudanese partners for the past 2 years, assist- 
ing with recovery from drought and famine^ 
Now we need your help - TODAY. 

Please give generously. - 

To Oxfem - boo’s my c o ntr ftot luii to fight against fm n h a i j 
£100 □ £50 O £25 □ £10D £ 3 » 

■ tone 

1 Ai H m ... 

I Send to: Oxfam, Room 1M74, FREEPOST, Oxford 0X2 


l For craft cart derations, phone 0865 56916 

(Mam works whh poor peopto ii ihatn 
ant poverty in Africa. Asa. LaOn-Ac 
devefopmem. research and pubic education. 

. BxptotaRfcm 

Eau through reGef 


-- V 


Clement Freud 

A Liberal 


I will not be a party prisoner 


too have had to experience the interests of the people that , it My decision to leave politics 
constant vilification and abuse., represents, or before the troth^and .. was made some months ago. That 
the incessant hedding and jeering it has always been less important . came first, the BBC joboffer much 
at meetings, the manipulation and . to me than my family. Iknow that kteri f know that this does not at 
intimidation — and more. They. , yofr understand .that, and that's' • comfortably with the preferred 
areangry -and disappointed that' why 1 ■ find your outburst so : • yrtw of my allied Machiavellian 
you should-easily and so publicly remarkable.' ■ . intentions, but it’sthe truth. Some 

dismiss their fight especially as In any event I resent being ofwfffiiends in the House know 
most of the acrimony that they lectured by others on my doty to this because I had indicated my 
attracted was due to no more than ' soldier on when they have never disflmaonment to them, 

their defence of and support- For • been prepared, unlike you and L . \ regret that I was not able to 

party policy and, more particu- to publicly condemn the Mill- mform you of my decision earlier, 

lariy, you. That hurts. tants, and who have never, as far Yon were, however, the first to 

Of course you have the right to as T can see, extended sympathy evet * before my motber and 

argue that I should have continued and support to those who have daughter. ■' • -• . 

in pditics. It's a point of view, but already been- desdected dr- vdio As yon say, it was a decision 

one with which 1 disagree. Tve had ' : lostthtir seats at the test. Section, made tiy me foe me. And what else 

enough. Yes, the interests of die It's all very well to be-tofd to fight should u have been? In the end, as 

party have to 6 e considered, and 1 .on try those who have never fought I and my beleaguered supporters 

only wish that some of our anything and never will — the in.Knowsley know, you are on 

colleagues believed that: but/as ‘ ones you call coal-holders. They your own. Perhaps as much a 

you well know, many of them put are not. in my experience, much in contribution to my decision as the 

their own interests before those of evidence when a defeated friend Militants behaviour was my dis- 

the party, and always have. It is needs a job and cannot pay his illusionment with the way in 

indeed the fact that so many- mortgage. I haven't seen much which colleagues. locally and in 

comrades- put- their own interests evidence of the party then.' the -' House, would shake me 

first, or before truth, bn so many' h is true that ! had, in effect, '. warnriypby the hand, tett me that I 
issues — including * that- of the won the battle for resefection. I was doing n great job, and that-I 

violence of the miners' strike and would have won last December = should fight on — and then see 

now at Wapping — that : has ' had only those entitled to vote them not merely walk away but 

contributed to my decision to been allowed to participate in the refuse to stand up publicly and 

leave politics. selection conference- But it's not defend what they said privately. 

And is it really such a crime that what I want any more. You and j didn't want to be part of that 
I should not wish to be an- MP any others do not seem to understand anymore. - - 

more and that 1 have made a ' that ! no longer wanted the seat or ^ y 

decision that is in the interests of any other. The experience of the .. .... . I OMTS t J\X)D€Tt 

my fiuniiy? 1 cannot and and 1 will last, three yeare has eroded my ' • ~ , - _ 

not be a prisoner to theparty.-The enthusiasm for politics. You must . Tn* ^ lMbowr f° r 
party is imoortant. of course, but ‘ have been aware of that others ' Knowstey North- 

Dear Heil, 

I'm sony foil' you put party 
before truth wben commenung on 
my reasons for . 'resigning 'from 
Parliament You know that wftat j. 
said about the miserable -three 
years that i have endured at the 
hands of members of the Militant 
Tendency was the truth. You 
know it because we have often 
discussed the matter. Moreover, 
the freezing of the reselection 
procedure and the ' inquiry into - 
the running of the constituency 
party -ordc&d by the NEC last 
November, are public evidence of 
your concern, > ■' 

But lharyou should attempt to 
brash me aside with exclamations 
of “rubbish" does not really 
matter. What does is that in 
adopting such a cavalier attitude 
you undermine the credibility that 
you have so laboriously estab- 
lished for yourself.: The whole' 
world knows that there is a major 
Militant problem in Knowstey 
and ran • Merseyside. Cries of 
“rubbish" and unattribmable 
aspersions on my integrity and 
assertions as to my “real" motives 
for resigning will not make tire 
problem go away. 

Much worse is that your re- 
marks have demeaned and under- 
mined the bitter straggle that has . 
been' and still is, being waged by 
ordinary members of the constit- 
uency party against Militant. They 

authorities: elsewhere around the 
land they is down to the 
directives coming from WnitenalL 

No, the Alliance will not do 
everything from London. TheT 
merger of the academic and tte ; 
vocational for instance, will be . 
done at local level too- What w iff , 
be done from the centre is 
something better - miniraum-'- 
standaids of provision. White we * 
are all in favour of parental • 
involvement and fund-raistngj 
through parent-teacher associ- 
ations (when will these be pro-; 
scribed in fevour of parent-stair > 
associations which give proper; 
representation to the laboratory-: 
assistant and lollipop person?), ' 
this has gone too far. New sprats 
kit is all very well; rewiring of iter , 
school premises by local volun- 
teers is not. 

The Conservatives will tefl you - 
that good education does not need . 
good surroundings. “Look at my - 
school" the former Secretary of*. 
State was wont to say, basking —in - 
his tortured way 7 in the dis- 

The letter had said -the way authorities: 
-these letters do — “we can prom- L — _ . 
■ise you a happy evening with a J 
■ large, knowledgeable and enthu- 
siastic audience". IfeU for it — the 
way we politicians do — travelled merger ol 
to Wakefield, and stood outside 
the station waiting to be claimed. 

There is a story about 
G.K. Chesterton on a lecture tour: 

Mrs C had put him on .the train 
and. when he arrived he stood 
prominently by the barrier for five 
minutes, then went to the tele- 
graph office and cabled his wife: 

“Am at Market Harborough stop 
Where should 1 be?" 

At least I knew Wakefield was 
right. . . and after quarter of an 
hour they came for me: “Sony , 
this train is usually late . . prepar- 
ing the hall . . . good of you to 
come . . . arranged dinner at an 
Indian restaurant after the 
meeting . . " When we were in the 
car the association chairman said: 

“Watch out for a tall man in a flat 
cap; he’s a bit ofa Trot." 

I thought I made rather a good 
speech: i praised GCSE, persuad- 
ing teachers — who comprised 
most of the audience — that it better to have a brave new 
exam of quality, even if it did 
mean going off at three-quarter 
cock, bang on to a tainted, 
outmoded exam, the machinery of 
which was actually being dis- 
mantled I enthused about wider 
access to tertiary education and 
urged the consistent provirion of 
bridges and ladders in case the 
students' first choice turned out to 
be the wrong one. 

1 went on a bit about the Open 
University, that microcosm of 
Liberal educational policy - sec- 
ond chance, breadth of intake, 
value for money, only way to 
involve the handicapped and 
those living in remote areas, 
marvellously inexpensive to ex- 
tend by virtue of the fixed costs 

Then the man about; whom I 
had been warned asked: “What's 
your mob going to do then?" And 
he sat down. 

At Westminster such questions 
are answered by a scathing look 
and the time-worn words: “I 
should like to remind the honour- 
able and learned gentleman (one 
adds ‘gallant’ if he won an MC or 
better during a war)- of what bis 
mob did. when. they : woe m 
power " But on consideration this 
was not the line to employ.. 

Our mob, I explained, is going 
to give a higher priority to 

education and have one ministry 
for education and training; it will 
also enlarge the inspectorate the 
better to . monitor standards, of : 
school -buildings and p ro vi sions. 

It's all very well publishing Her 
Majesty's -Inspectors' reports, but 
they musrbe the clout to enforce ' 
their recommendations. 

“You’ll do all that from 

Westminster?" asked the man. 

Wily old Rab Butler, in his 1944 
Act providing a “national policy, 
locally administered", produced a 
can of worms, but it provides great t0 
excuses* jn Parliament afl short-. 1 
comings are ' blamed on mai- s 

functioning local education / 

CIA victim? 

On the eve of the 24th anniversary 
of the arrest of the black South 
African leader Nelson Mandela, 
word reaches me of possible 
American involvement .in his 
capture. Mandela had been on the 
run for 17 months, when armed 

down his car. as. it: headed for 
Durban on August 5, 1962. How 
police came' io be there has never 
been explained — although the 
South African authorities spread a 
story that communists m the 
African National Congress had 
betrayed him. Now the ANG I 
learn, is investigating a theory that-, 
a CIA agent- working from a 
consulate in Durban gave the tip- 
offi The 1 story appeared last week 
in three South African papers, 
claiming the agent had spilled the 
beans at his farewell party a year 
later. Yesterday, however, the 
former CIA official Mites Cope- 
land poured scorn on the theory, 
having checked the name of the 
“agent" against his .own records. 
He speculates that a State Depart- 
ment official, on the other hand,, 
may have on bis own initiative 
told police rumours he had heard 
of Mandela's movements: “But 
the CIA simply wouldn't have bad 
the information to give." 

Home ground 

Things are looking up for retired 
circuit judge John Robertson 
Picketing^ who -is being sued; for 
non-payment of rent by the. Mar- 
quess of Ailesbury, If the case gets 
to court he won't have to travel to 
London from his home in Wilt- 
shire. At a summons before the 
master in chambers in the High 
Court on Friday his application 
for a transfer to Swindon County 
Court was granted. As I related 
last year, the marquess, is sueing 
him for more- than £ 10,000 alleg- 
edly owed as rent and interest over 
six years on a flat above stables at 
Tottenham House. Marlborough. 
The marquess confided then: 
“He's a quaint old judge, but he 
had brought this on himself." 
Negotiations are continuing and 
no date has yet been set for a court 
hearing. Judge : Pickering . is 
cheered by the weekend rifling?."! ! 
have been in London forThe p&jt. 
couple of days: it's a long slog. ’* . 

Tuning out 

Bab Lacey, vice-president of Brent j 
North Conservative Association, 
dreamt this one up before Mrs 
Thatcher implored -stalwarts to- 
re frain from further-attacks on the 
media: His motidn for’titis year's 
party conference calls for the 

.1 ntof' »--■ ‘ -f— 

Tim Congdon argues that the Baker Plan could worsen world debt 

The relevance of these in- 
fluences is easily explained. If an 
indebted developing country 
keeps its exports and ' imports 
(excluding interest payments) in 
balance, , its debt grows by the 
addition of interest charges to the 
old (fehtThe size of these charges 
obviously depends on the interest 

The world’s debt crisis arose 
because too much money was lent 
to Thud World countries in the 
1970s. It will not be cured by 
lending them more money in the 
late 1980s.. 

This is. not a profound or 
difficult’ liiieof argument, it does, 
nevertheless, possess profound, 
and difficult implications for the 
Baker Plan, the American admin- 
istration’s programme for easing 
the defat problem. This pro- 
gramme has been much discussed 
since it was put forward by James 
Baker.the US Treasury Secretary, 
at the annual meeting of the World 
Bank and International Monetary 
Fund ia'^eoul last October. . 

The . central . idea 'is that, the; 
immediate financial pressures air 
over-indebted developing coun- 
tries will be relaxed if they agree to 
a variety of supply-side economic 
reforms, such as liberalizing trade 
and relying more on the price 
mechanism to allocate resources. 
Tfae-hanfaest pressure on most of 
them '&ese days’ is servicing ffieir 
debts oh tune: The plan therefore 
proposes that— once they hayt 

rate: While the growth rate of 
exports is beneath the interest 
rate, the ratio of debt to exports 
increases and the financial di- 
lemma becomes more acute. 

As commodities constitute the 
greater part of Third World ex- 
ports, the rate of change in 
commodity prices is the key 

detenmhanfofexport growth. The 
worst possible combination for 
indebted developing nations is a 
high level of dollar interest rates, 
and telling commodity prices. The 
high interest rates cause the debt 
to grow rapidly because of the 

Average of: 

five year periods 

cumulation of interest charges, 
while - the- drop in commodity 
prices cuts export earnings.' -- 
- Tbe’figures- hr the’ttbte sfrow- 
bow radically the balance between 
commodity prices and interest- 
rates changed between 1979 and' 
1982, laigdy as a by-product of the 
anti-inflationary monetary policy 
being pursued by Paul Yolcker, 
chairman of the American Federal 
Reserve- It is no coincidence that 
the debt crisis began in August 
198& (when' Mexico- first an- 
nounced that it could not-honour 
fts. debts -on rtime), just as the 
exceptionally high real, interest 
rates of the early 1980s had 
become established. 

As long as the unfavourable gap 
between interest rates and the 
change in commodity prices ex- 
ceeds 10 per cent, the debt 
situation will worsen. The only, 
solution is to change macro- - 
economic policy- in the -.major 
industrial nations; particularly the . 
US, so that real interest rates can 
be lowered to an historically more 
normal level. As long as the Baker 
Plan does not address this vital 
issue, it will make no worthwhile 
progress in alleviating the debt 
problems of Mexico or any other 
Third. World nation. 

The main defence of the phut is . 
that; when freaded for long-run 
disaster ft is betier to have a short- ' 

run palliative than nothing. But.; 

that the ability of developing what good will be . done by 

■ - — -»-* sprinkling new loans on nations 

already flooded by debt? Would it 
not be better to lower the tensions 
between debtors and creditors by | 
removing the structural causes of ' 
high real interest rates, and so 
strerigthpu the chances of a return- 'J 
to international solvency? ... I 

The author isdtief economist at \ 
the stockbrokers L Messd d Co. 

abolition of the BBC- licence fee 
and for the removal of the word 
“British" from an organization 

prepared sufficiently ambitious 
supply-side p ackag es — money 
will be made available to meet 
servicing costs and keep debt 
payments on schedule. The 
money is to come in the form of 

which, he says, has proved itself 
“time and time again to be 
decidedly biased and unpatriotic". 
• The Rev Ian Paisley on 
Mrs Thatcher's little finger: “It's 
the. will of God. He has struck 
down the hand tint signed the 
Anglo-Irish agreement" 

Hemmed in 

The army, the Italians and the 
Jewish calendar are, I am tokl, 
conspiring to wreck this autumn's 
London designer collections. The 
Duke of York’s barracks in Chel- 
sea. which successfully housed the 
industry’s spring shows, has con- 
cluded that having the world's 
fashion press and buyers descend 
on it was a security risk, so 
designers for October’s fashion 
arena have been forced to show in 
Olympia. Cramped through the 
new venue is, there could still be 
empty seats: the main fashion 
shows in Milan, which usually 
finish. in good .time to allow for 
travel to. London. . have been, 
scheduled for late Thursday after- 
noon —just hours before Jean 
Muir is planning to open her 
Friday morning show. To make 
matters worse. Sunday — when 
Zandra Rhodes traditionally un- 
veils her offerings — this year 
coincides with Yom Kippur, the 
most religious day of the Jewish 
year : . . and the rag trade, as one 
designer says, isn't called the 
shmata business for nothing. 

loans from both the multilateral 
development institutions (particu- 

larly the Woriti Bank) and the 1 

commercial banks. - 

Until a fortnight ago, theplan 
had been an almost total flop: It 
had foiled to secure foe support 
and compliance of any major 

President de la Madrid of Mexico (left) is happy to accept £7 tnOioa, 
courtesy of James Baker (right), but at what eventul cost? 

interest and meet amortization on merit of the plan is that it 
this new debt. as well as on the . institutionalizes procras tination , 
existing £68 billion. The probabil- It postpones the day of judgement 
ity of repudiation or default cpuUL .. when debtors and creditors have 
be the same as today, except that.-,, to accept-ldansbannotbe serviced 
the amounts involtred- would be ; and money cannot be repaid. - - 
largo* and the threat to the But foe advantage of having 
banking system more serious. more time to think about a 

The same objection will apply problem seems rather tenuous 
to any Baker Plan agreements compared with the disadvantage 
reached in future. Because finance that — when foe time for flunking 
from the IMF and the World Bank has elapsed — the problem win 

will be -arranged — almost as of certainly have worsened. It would 
right— tc deserving cases,- and- sur el y b e more po sitiv e tomatara 
commercial banks wifi be required- ; correct diagnosis now and agree . 
to increase their ' exposure^ on a prescription that will start a ' 
devdoping-country debt will tin- permanent and gMUiine cure.- . 

doubtedly grow. Indeed, : the ' The essence of the debt crisis is 
growth of debt is an integral part 
of the plan, as the “new money" is 
seen as a bribe to encourage debtor 
nations to undertake the necessary 
supply-side reforms. 

It does not require a subtle . 

understanding of international 6 - foe dollars the creditor banks 
nance to find-soraetMug-paradoxi- want. The root cause of .the debt 
cal in the idea that a problem problem is that, since T98I,- foe 
which consists in an excess of debt rate of growth, of Third World 
can be solved by foe creation of exports has been less than foe rate 
more debt! The one undoubted of interest on dollar loans. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Soap Inc 

People who do very mrasaal jobs Den's in trouble again'. Bui it 

indeed (No 29: A nun who sells meant a lot of work forme - after 

secrets to cross-Channel ferry all. I had to watch all the blasted 

programmes, and read all the 
. . sports news as well, not to 

Jem was a student of modern mention keeping up with all the 
languages at Southampton, look- latest affoirs of pop and TV stars.^ 
mr a summer vacation job. Did people ask much about 
The rafoer unlikely one he found political developments? “Not. 
for a few weeks was selling a much. I'm afiaid. Or only when' 

Channel 4 magazine on cross- they were a bit melodramatic. 

Channel femes. Nobody so for has asked me how ‘ 

You probably know that Chan- Geoffrey Howe got on in South 
nel 4 decided to do daily reports Africa, though I've had a few 
on the Tour de France this year," queries about Mrs Thatcher's sup- 
rays Jem. . well, they put out a posed comeuppance on Westland. ■' 
book and a magazine lo go wrtli if, “To be quite honest, most 

and; they dended that people British people seem quire in-- 
coming bade from France were the capable of telling the difference - 
most likely to buy ft. So where do between soap opera and real life : 
people coming tack from Fiance Last week people kept asking me-’ 
congregate? On Channel femes. what had happened to Boy Geore: 
. As some people were genuinely in the latest episode. And when I- 
imerested in foe Tour de France told them the other day about: 
and others coiddn t find anything Mrs Thatcher’s forthcomine ot* 
more interesting to read, sales eralion, several oeople said to me “ 
didn t go too badly. But he found *Gosh, do you think they're going : 
there were other things that the. to write her out of the seriesT™?^ : 
returning travellers were more Jem has now decided to stream- ' 
it hfte the business by printing all his 

t ® 11 heeo al [nfortnaaon in a magazini to bo ' 
5? me t ^ m changed once a week. He himself 
more than that, so they were quite looks after foe Cherboure-PoTtS- 
oui of touch with the old country, mouth run, but he hashired’ 
and they were desperate to know salesmen lo deal with all the nrh^i- ' 

The turnovCT of OteflSS - 

Brookside? Whos been killed in TV V Sports News is ahead* : 
Dallas? How did England get on . £5,000 a week, andbe hasasmair 

Wimbledon and the Open? . vision for him. ^ .' 

between £3.5 billion and £4.5 bil- 
lion— is to be received from 
commercial bank creditors. (The 
banks' full acceptance of the detd 
is uncertain and 'remains under 

T tiation at the moment) 

is important to understand 


what “provide" and “receive" 
mean. The use of the words may 
give the impression that Mexico is 
about to have a special benefac- 
tion from the international finan- 
cial community. Nothing could be 
further from foe truth. 

The extra £7 billion is being 
lent, not given. It will add to, not 
abate, the external debt Once the 
period of the agreement is com- 


pleted, Mexico will have to pay 

Moscow’s other 

peared to be under stress. 
Andropov's discipline campaign 
had its counterpart in Mongolia. 
There were personnel changes in 
the upper ranks of officialdom and 
foe academic world. -. 

But -foe campaign was short- 
lived. Andropov died, and was 
succeeded by Konstantin 
Chernenko. Sino-Soviet relations 
lapsed into their pre-Andropov 
state and Mongolia continued 
under Yumjaagyin Tsede n bal. fts 
leader for more than 30 years. 

But iff. August 1984, -when 
Chernenko’s power wos in eclipse, 
Tsedenbal was suddenly removed. 
The official reason was ill health, 
but the real reason probably 
differences with Moscow — one of 
them possibly stemming from a 
change, or a proposed change, in 

Mikhail Gorbachov's rauch- 
vaunted plan to withdraw six 

largely superfluous 
from Afghanistan has tended to 
overshadow another, and poten- 
tially more significant troop 
movement announced in the same 
Vladivostok speech: the with- 
drawal of “a considerable 
number" of the 75,000 Soviet 

But that is to reckon without the there have been occasions — dur- 
Mongolian factor, referred to big the Japanese occupation of 
obliquely in official Soviet Chi- Manchuria and foe Chinese civil 
nese and Mongolian statements as war — when its pro-Soviet leaning 
“the need to lake into account the has appeared threatened, 

interests of third countries". For when relations between the 
although . m_many_respects Mo n- S oviet Union and Chin a a re 

. as they have been for the past 25 
Iikeihe 16th republic of the Soviet - years, this- apprehension is- no - . 
Union, there are some questions liability. Nor, because the Soviet 
on which it pursues a rigorously Union was indisputably the domi- 
Mongohan line. One of these is its aam partner, was it a liability in 
national identity and the cult of u* decade of Sino-Soviet friend- 
Gepglus Khan. Others concern s hip fo the 1950s. But when, as 
Soviet troops and relations with now . fa, relative strengths of foe 
Ch" 1 *- . _ .... Soviet Union and China are more 

Despite foe spareeness of its equal the Mongolian leadership 
population -{oplX. 3.5 m plion). - could -fed that its own interests 
Mongolia: has beat regard^ by risk being sacrificed in the greater; 
Imperial and Soviet -Russia as sino-Soviet, cause. • = 

being strategically vital. This is ^ . . .... 

partly true, but it also reflects die That, at feast appeared to be the 

persisting Russian folk memory of 
foe Mongol invasion as a terror 

which must never be repealed. Andrew started making over- 

In spite of this. Mongolia's a mo Z! 

alignment between its two huge ”| aic T_i Wlt ^ hindsight, can be 
neighboure.Russiaand China, has . ^ » 

changed several times in foe past ^ viev P un ^f 

two ceiituripfr- .And while the rapprocncmenti - Mongolia ®- 
Soyiet influence lias been domi- . penedthousandsof CTuifese: - - . 

naht since the Mongolian People’s Relations between the Soviet 
Republic was established in 1921. and Mongolian leaderships ap~ 




• Prom 

inside Mongolia is a sensitive 
point — so sensitive, in feet that it 
hayusuaily been Wheeled behind 
the euphemism “along the Sino- 

Soviet border". The euphemism is 
not for the benefit of the Mon- 
golian leadership — which is 
thought to favour a continuing 
Soviet presence to ward off any 
lustful glances from the Chinese — 
but to gloss over a long-standing 

’Philip 'Larkin? For one minute I 
thought someone shared my 
opinion of the Poet Laureate’ - 

Dover Non 

Among the 4.870 petitions against 
the Channel tunnel being heard by 
a Commons select committee is 
one from foe Calais chamber of 
commerce. Afex Fletcher, chair- 
man of foe committee (which 
adjourned last Thursday for foe 
summer), says that, because of its 
dose links with Dover, the port 
deserves to be allowed a voice in 
our decision-making process. The 
irony is that in France the matter, 
was and is being decided, not by a 
select committee, but by presiden- 
tla! decree, which means foai 
Calais is better represented in 
Britain piJC 

Moscow's China policy. 

Under its new leader. Jambyn 
Batmonh, Mongolia -nowappears 
to be' Jess, hostile towards 
Moscow's China initiatives-:- or 
perhaps it-has accepted a guar- 
antee from Gorbachov that its 
security win ..not be jeopardized. 
The key phrase “interests of third 
countries" is still to be heard, but 
less frequently. 

If as foe Soviet leader revealed 
last week, foe two countries have 
already started -discussing troop 
reductions, foe policy - of foe 
Mongolian .leadership lias come a 
long way since 1983. 

Mary Dejevsky 

a Soviet withdrawal from Afghani- 
stan and a halt to its support for 
Vietnam . in its occupation of 

board wftb all the latest info, and a 
queue always formed full of eager 
people, willing to dish out ibeir £1 
to pick his brains. - — • - • 

“It sounds a lot. a quid, just to 

Cambodia.) It is also foe condition 
the Soviet Union should 'theoreti- 
cally find least coaly, in foreign 

tell them. ‘Oh.. Tin afraid- foe 
Riofoer-iR-law was -arrested' for 

political and strategic terms, to 

drug-taking last week' and ‘Dirty 

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1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone:. 01-481 4100 


The debate on economic sanc- 
tions against South- Africa, 
which reaches one of its in- . 
nupierable climaxes today and ’ 
tomorrow at the Common-, 
wealth Prime Ministers’ mini- 
summit, has been; been .an 
unsatisfactory one from the - 
standpoint of rational analysis. 

EsSentiallyit has embodied the 
false . syllogism; Something 
must be done about apartheid. 
Sanctions are something. 

lions missing from the EPG minor’ sanctions, fenfag short 
report has not been supplied in of the measures outlined at 

the time, since its publication. 
Indeed, such arguments , as 
have' surfaced : have, if any- 
thing, jmderinined. the; sanc- 
tions: case^ . As - the Prime . 

Nassau. That should be pre- 
sented openly as a gesture 
towards Commonwealth unity 
- blit one which makes clear 
that Commonwealth unity has 

Minister among others ' has.-: a low place in the priorities of 
argued, if sanctions 'should^ foreign policy and cannot be 

really prove damaging,- then* 
first effect would be to increase 
unemployment, poverty and 
powerlessness among black 


mg -. the end of- apartheid 
measurably nearer. It is prob-.. 
able, indeed, that -sanctions 

' <\ 

Therefore sanctions must, -be.:- South Africans without bring- 
done. ‘ 

At no point, ho wever, has a - 
clear and compelling argument ' 
been outlined 1 to : demonstrate 
that sanctions witt achieve ' 
their ostensible purposes: 
namely, either to persuade the 
white regime in Pretoria to 
move speedily to a multi-racial 
democratic structure oiyfailing 
that, to bring itdpwre ■ 

It' seems to be: assumed fry 

regulariy empioyed by other 
countries to alter British pol- 

Secondly, it would be wrong, 
as well as absurd, to.' impose 
t^e' sort of .sanction^ that 
would' fhave such effects as 
increased malnutrition among 

would actually ■ ^sfr&gflren poor black- Soutfr Africans for 
apartheid— both economically ' the sake of a moral gestured 

by stimulating an import 
substitution boom, and politi- 
cally by uniting white opinion 
behind the Botha government 
Pressure, for sanctions has 
increased- nonetheless.. Ratio 

That limits the . choice of 
measures very severely. Halt- 
ing air flights, fin- instance, 
which is sometimes cited as a 
sanction which barms whites 
only, would-' gravely damage 
the tourist, trade, and. thus. the- 

. .. ^ . nal analysis- has;. proved: help*- 

majjy people .' that . such - a. lesr* before; a ■■ torrent of- - 60,000 blacks employed. ib Il 
justification is to be found in inte rnati fmal - domestic' and ~ -We are left with such de- 

media. mortising,; from , the 
Indian government's threat of 
sanctions against Britain to the 
Tory . Reform ’ Group’s thin 

the report of the Common- 
wealth Eminent Persons* 
Group which is the official 
reason for the mini -s ummi t. 

That is not so. The EPG bat-squeak of disapproval of 
merely hinted their sympathy Government policy. Has this 
forp ^sanctions .rather • : than , ; pressure-been exaggerate " 
advocating ;.them'/ openly. . .- some _ degree , if^has 1 . 
Accordingly, they produced nO Thatcher, who ; on tifis • issiie 

substantial body of argument 
in justification. 

Even tiieir implied advocacy 
is limited to two brief passages: ‘ 
the report’s penultimate para- 
graph offering a version of the 
false syllogism above, and the 
statement, that. “wepeunf tothe 
fact- thaL ihe. Government of, 
Sooth- Africa has itself used 
economic measures against its 

That comparison, however, 
leads to a conclusion opposite 
to sanctions. For Pretoria has 
used economic measures , to 

vices as ending double tax- 
ation agreements with Pretoria 
— and with some of the 
positive measures .of interven- 
tion, such as foreign govern- 
ment assistance to black 
?To ; housing and education,- which, 
^ ’ have been outlined, by The 

Times under the -general con- 
cept of a .new Marshall plan, for 
South Africa’s blades. If 
Commonwealth unity is not to 
be a one-way street, Britain’s 
concessions on negative sanc- 
tions should be matched by a 

- j* s 

enjoys the ' support of the 
Japanese, West German and 
American administrations 
.(and, according to the latest 
poll in The Sunday Times, of 
most black South Africans 
false syllogism above, and .the too); is repeatedly' described as willingness by others to con- 

ctatonwit that “aiginrwnf tnilm. “icnln tPfT _ - 

It Its r T&t Jl .’i®esste '. > ^ -the.: . 
same. When CpmiiionweaJtli : 

Prime Ministers threaten the - 
organization’s collapse or the 
expulsion from it of Britain, - 
they may not mean those 
threats literally. But their 

words have some effect on. ; regarded as an. . experiment- 
increase ■ the dependence of : -- Bri^b jwbhp.opinioii whicfi;; AnffifUjat experiment faUs-to 
neighbouring- states =optin its still; .varies i'tiie-.?j€oro©6h-.r: move rights 

own economy," calculating that r - wealth Hide ^ '>> ■ :■ »,.• " * 

These considerations have • 
to be given their proper weight 
and then balanced against each 
other by the Prime Minister 
this week. Thatexereise points. , 

tojJuwJfcffoad conclusions. demonstrates . ihe^rieed to. 
hrthe' first place; the'Britisfc:? make'' ttoi- ■ nwre—severe. 

. . ^ government 'sbouldrmake, Rationality can only concede 

soUhhsbJ^ **?*. 


such dependence gives it 
greater political influence over 
them. Sanctions, on the other 
hand, would make South Af- 
rica willy-nilly./esrriependenl ' 
upon external trade antf'thus' ' 
endHe-it to gjvolestf-weighf fo 
intemationaT opinion^* 7 


Mis Tfiatchennust; (malty- 
establish that* whatever pack- 
age is tentatively agreed this 
week — ' once it has been 
coordinated with the Euro- 
pean Community, Japan and 
the United States — must be 

direction* it should be aban- 
doned rather than extended. 
Future Commonwealth sum- 
mits must not revolve around 
the assumption that, if sana- 
tions,, have failed, - it , only 

Presented to the press and 
public as the new director of 
the National Gallery, Mr Neil 
McGregor performed with the 1 
aplomb and fluency which no ~ 
doubt secured him the* job 
when the leading candidate 
withdrew. But he was speaking 
to the accompaniment of muf- 
» ■ t • A® 1 noiscs of argument and 

• , MlieS K Hlljlvu division in the gallery world. 

Gallery directors may once 
have been scholarly .priests: 
overseeing artistic • “temples," 
but that role has now van- 
ished. Large numbers of peo- 
ple wish to see pictures in 
public galleries (education and 
tourism have contributed to 
this change); acquisition takes 
place in a ruthlessly compet- 
itive .international - market _ 
increasingly dominated, by gat.. : 
leries axmdd with huge private 
fortunes; public galleries mast 
fight in the Whitehall corridors 
for their slice of the shrinking 
cake of public money. 

The National Gallery's 
founding father, Sir George 
Beaumont, said that “by easy 
access to such works of art the 
public taste might improve”. 
He made a significant 
contribution to the develop- 
ment of an idea which is now 
well-established: that national 
art collections are a sufficiently 

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valued part of our history and 
that - whatever' the precise 
method of giving them ap- 
• annual income — .they are- 
publicly owned tout should bet- 
pubUdyavailabte/Tbe first of '• 
several roles which the holder - 
of the symbolically important 
job in Trafalgar Square must 
play is as conserver and buyer. 
Purchases must be made with 
an eye to future centuries; the 
existing collection must be 
propertykept up. 

That much is straight- 
forward and would command 
support from most quarters 
except from the most ardent 
and fundamentalist advocates 
of privatization. More argu- 
ment — and variety bf current: : 
practice — is to be foundin the 
approach to a gallery ’s.cus-. 
tomeft. The Natiohal'Gafiery, 
titled and portioned as it is, is 
an important influence on the 
way other public collections 
elsewhere in Britain are run. . 

Should a gallery concentrate 
stretched resources on the 
rigour and excellence of its 
acquisition, conservation and', 
display? Or should. it extend;' 
itself to become an educational 
centre, explaiiting and enliven- 
ing the art on its walls in order - 
to encourage those — particu- 
larly children — who might 

otherwise, be daunted by 
austerity and formality? 

. The. National Gallery. i$ not 
- jusL the country’s leaffing art; 
: coUection, -. it i& symbol q£ 
people’s -access- to xuhrnal. 
■' heritage. Although they would 
have been more paternal than 
today’s custodians, the Vic- 
torian collection founders 
would not have shunned what- 
ever means of communication 
wereat their disposal to draw 
in the widest possible audi- 
enee. Nor should their siicces- ; 
sors today. *; 

There is an additional, 
rather more hard-headed rea- 
son for the National Gallery to 
stress its educational as well as 
custodial role. T h a nks to the 
generous : gifts of Sainsbmy 
and Getty, .money, ;it; cain- 
extendiis building and 'pjahitf 
next r purchases ‘ in a ' more 
relaxed fipme of mind than 
has sometimes been possible. 
The key to preserving the large 
galleries in a time of heavy 
pressures on all sorts of public 
expenditure is to integrate 
private money with subsidy 
irom the taxpayer. Only by. 
establishing that practice as * 
theiule —and not the windfofl 
exception — ivill Mr McGregor 
be able to achieve his pro- 
claimed (and admirable) aim 
of avoiding entrance charges. 


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Hie {mstinfocos 

From Mr -D. R. Wilson j_ 

Sir; Mr JR. L. Smith (July- 15) is 
right to deplore the lack . of a 
national institute of air photog- 
raphy, though its value would 
extend far beyond the bounds. of 
archaeology. Such an institute 
would have three functions: 
photographic survey, photo- 
graphic register or archive, and 
photographic interpretation, all in 
a multi-disciplinary framework.' 

1. 4t has Jong seemed anomalous 
and wasteful that so many govem- 
ment and public bodies should 
each employ their own photo- 
graphic aircraft while others 
commission photographic surveys 
from commercial companies. It is 
obviously more cost-effective for 
the same flight, to serve the needs 
of several clients — a principle 
whfch has proved itself admirably 
in rthe wbrit of the Cambridge 
University Committee fbrAenal 
Photography over a period of forty - 

2. Current provision for recording 
the existence of air photographs 
once taken shows better national 
co-ordination, through the Central 
Registers of Air -Photography 
mentioned by Mr Dunbar (July 
29); Regrettably ■ however, al- 
though these work- well in Scot- 
land and Wales; that in England 
haslbng been ineffective, and its 
recent transfer from the Depart- 

ment of the. Environment to the 
Ordnance- Survey has yet . to . 
restore' to : it a reassuring degree of 
vigour ' ;---' -' V. - . 

- 3. Facilities for photo-mterpreta- 
lion are as fragmented as Ihiose for 
photogrpahic survey. There is 
indeed a vast quantity of expertise 
located in specialist units devoted 
to agricultural management, 
archaeology, cartography, civil en- 
gineering., ecology. forestry arid 
soil survey,. not. to mention plan-, 
ning. but there- is equally, a meed 
for a 'school of photo-interpreta- 
tion that transcends such' disci- 
plinary boundaries and views, our 

- environment asa whole. 

An institute embracing these 
three functions has been a long- 
cherished hope of those who takea 
broad view of the value of air. 
phoiogrpahy -. to science. . com- 
merce .and -administration, and., 
believe '.that' to be generally effeo- 
tive it .must escape; from the, 
confines of individual specialisms. . 
Yours faithfully, ... 
D.R..WJLSON. . .. 

Curator in Aerial Photography. 
University of Cambridge. 

Mond Building, ' 

Free School Lane, : . 

Cambridge. ’ 

Off the record 

From Dr Julian Lewis 

Sir. I ha'd almost given up/hope of 

tracing pictures of some two dozen 

senior- diplomats and . military 
planners from the J94Qs, when I-- 
was . referred lo the “NationaP 
Photographic Record” housed’w- 
theCarlton House Terrace archive, 
of the National Portrait Gallery. ■ 

In less than an hour, with the 
aid of the Gallery's helpful staff I 
had located pictures of the great 
majority of the individuals fea- 
tured in the book I was complet- 
ing. : ; 

R: appears that the -National 
Photographs- Record -waa -estab- 
lished during the first-world war as- 
a pictorial "Who’s who” of figures 
in British public life. It was 
continuously updated on a sys- 
tematic basis until 1972, when 
there was a breakdown in the 
arrangements between the Na- 
tional Portrait Gallery and -the 
photographic -studio ■concerned. - 
Plans to reconstitute- the NPR 
with a less exclusively Establish- . 
ment-orientgd focus -were still- 
born- . ..." I :• . 

Even. if the National Photo-, 
graphic Record were id be revived 
immediately — as it ought to be — 
it is sad to think that future 
historians researching the 1970s 
and 1980s will find a 14-year gap 
in this unique. collection. 

Yours faithfully, 

Policy Research Associates, 

35 Westminster Bridge Road. SE1. 
July 28. • 


Heritage, on and off the list 

From Mr J. P. Heal 
Sir,'- The few acres now reraaining 
of the grounds ■' arotmd ‘ Henry 
VUFs Oaflands -'Palace,-' demol- 
ished in 1650, where subsequently 
the “grand old” Duke of York 
built Oaflands House, are under 
threat from housing development 
The grounds are grade-n listed by 
English Heritage and provide the 
essential setting for the grade-U 
listed OatUirids Park Hotel which 
succeeded-' Oaflands House : : 

We bave-jusf -fought a second 
appeal V the' -first having - - been 
conditionally refuted fry the sec- 
retary of state, ' whose further 
dedaon'we await, not without 

Is there not a strong and 
pressing case, when a building is 
UstedTmr indbaing a defined area 
of cintilase; or setting, within the 
also thrii die -listing- of parks and 
gardens by English Heritage car- 
ries the same statutory backing as 
for buildings? 

' While- the latter would entail a 
reversal of Government policy, 
announced in the House of Lords, 
on February 6, 1985, the very 
purpose of the efforts of English 
Heritage is largely undermined by 
the absence; 'of eitforeeaWe pro- 
visrons: - - ! ' 

Rs fistingcouhts'fbrKttle when 
a local planning authority - is ' 
confronted by a rich mtd -deter-- 
mined developer. Too often the 
refusal of a p lanning application is 
overturned by the non-indepen- 
dent appeals procedure and a 
remote secretary of state. 

-Y ours, faithfully, 

J. P. HART (Chairman, •' 
Oaflands Village Society), 

'Ashfield, ' 390atlands ChaSe; 

Weyhridge, Surrey. . “ 

From Mrs R. A: Doaglas-Pennant 
Sir. The recent speech of the 
Environment Minister, Mr Rid- 
ley, to the annual conference ofthe 
Royal Institute of British Archi- 

tects (July I0L in which he looked 

. forward to a time when planners 
no longer had. control over the 
exterior appearance of buildings, 
was musjc to my ears. 

In 1969; newly divorced, I 
moved to a 17th century cottage, 
applying for permission to build a 
single-storey extension fora bed- 
room and bathroom. My applica- 
tion was refused on the grounds 
that- only a two-storey extension 
would be -in keeping with the 
existing- -listed building.- Since I- 
neitber needed nor could afford 
this, my architect waged a doughty • 
battle and the original plan was 
eventually passed 
Last year 1 remarried and we 
asked- the same architect to pro- 
vide us with another room up- 
stairs, putting into operation the 
: planners’' former . recommenda- 
tion. Our' parish council, passed 
the plans unanimously 'and Jocal- 
friends, acquaintances and strang- 

so the -planners: this 1 flme our 
application was refused on the 
grounds that a two-storey exten- 
sion would overshadow the exist- 
ing listed building — -and this time 
they could not be persuaded to 
. change their minds. . ^ 

. the .listing of buddings was orig- 

- mally conceived to identify worth- 
' while buildings and prevent their 

d&triiction ' through ignorance, 
but not to render them untouch- 

If only the butchers, bakers and 
candlestick-makers now presiding 
over our lifestyles had been lucky 

- enough to grow up, as 1 did. m a 
house; half James I and half 

. Queen Anne, which is how '.listed 
and widely admired! Thank God 
there were no planners in the 18th 

Yours faithfully, 

Skinners, Aston TirrokL, 

longagochose to deagnate apart- 
heid as being sui -generis apd 
therefore exempt .form the terms 
of art 2 (7k which some might 
think Jesuitical humbug. 

But the leaden at the Common- 
wealth “summit” will no doubt 
reject the sensible advice of the 
British Government and opt for 

Sanctions debate \ • 

From Sir Gilbert Longden \ ’ . 

Sir, Apartheid is an evil policy, 
unchristian and stupid too, be- 
cause in the long run it must fail. 

But is it any business of ours? If it 
is. then we have an awful lot of 
similar business to mind in other 

th* - sanctions, .which win certainly not 
Sf— Achievejyhat we air want^and will 
I mpen al Confei ence of 1 926 de- jo-most harm to ourselves and the 


in any aspect of their domestic or 
external affairs”; and that, fortu- 
nately, prohibits us from interven? 1 — • ■ 

S!l£aas .' Under false colours . . . 

WH ^ TrwKMrDavid Lines 
Asjo The of the world, the ■ SjTT read with interest in today’s 
Unued^E^ps TWHiadveTti^m^nt, page four). 

r lfeaIisti^rByJ - ifesaar«^ ^ tfw^Messrs-- Plessey have deyelr 
2 (7)): that “nothing. • . oped a ^stem fo camouflage the 
-- <rn — “ **-: — ” 0 f a Challenger tank 

89 Cornwall Gardens, SW7. 
July 31. 

(in art. '2 
contained in the present Charter 
shall authorize the United Nations 
to-mtervene in matters which are 
essentially within the domestic 
jurisdiction of any State, or shall 
require die. monbera-. to submit 


and a Land-Rover to make them 
appear on enemy radar as a milk 
float and a wheelbarrow. 

Wouldn’t -a solution to this 
. country’s defence budget problem 
sucb'matiers tb settlement under .. ! be to make a milk float and a 
.the'presetit Charted*:* . • \ v*. wbeelbaiTOw appear on enemy 

To the- layman sanctions are an 
intervention” and apartheid a 
matter which is essentially within 
the domestic jurisdiction of the 
Republic of South Africa. But 
political and diplomatic pundits 

radar as a Challenger tank and a 

Yours faithfiiliy. 


16 Middle Lane, Crouch End, N8. 
July 29. 

Lost chords 

Sir, ! was sorry for Dr Burns (July 
3 1 ) and stiH more so for Jean-Paul 
Imbert whose lunchtime recital in 
St Paul's Cathedral was marred by 
background noises of tourists 
being taken round tbe b uilding . Dr 
Burns asks what hope there is for 
music in tbe Anglican Church. 

Still some, I am glad to say. At 

Chichester Cathedral, where 
lunduitne recitals lasting for 50 
minutes regularly takoplace, tour- 
ists are politely asked if th ey wish 
to stay for the recital and if they do 
not they are equally 'politely 
excluded for the duration of the 

Yours faithfully, 

L. F. NEAL, 

10 Wellswood Gardens, 

. Rowlands Castle, Hampshire. - 

Unkind cuts ^ - ~ ’ -- --- 

From Mr John Maelnemey ' 

Sir Dr Furniss’s plea (July 21 J for 
the preservation of the digraph 
■*ae h '"^ih “anaesthetist”, 
“mediaeval", . “Caesarean”, etc. 
appeals to custom rather than 
logic he does not plead for 
“aether”, “aequality” or 

Like “oe’T: (how long , before . 
“Oedipus”,. : “Boeotia”, 
“oestrogen^ go the way of 
“oeconomy”?), “ae” seems 
doomed to disappear, especially 

•' under the spreading 'aegis - of 
' American usage ' 

In; the mmntinie. it -Is rather, 
misleading (pace, surprisingly, the ' 
Collins English Dictionary) to call 
“ae” a diphthong. Whereas in 
Latin the digraph “ae” (or figtuure 
“ae”) - usually transliterating 
Greek at - indeed represents a 
diphthong, the sound it stands for 
. in English words of classical origin 
is of rourrea. monophthong^ a fact 
, which , hardly enhances its pros- 
. pette of survival 

51. Compton Road. SW19. 

Knot so fast 

From Mr E. A. Hughes 
Sir, As I- have utter confidence that 
The Times' -would never commit 
the schoolboy howler of describing 
a ship^s acceleration as its velocity, 
may I point but an interesting 
conclusion to be drawn from a 
reported claim — “the trireme 
covered the distance at an average 
speed of 7 J knots ah hour” — in 
today's Spectrum article (July 31 ). 

Such a trireme would have 
reached Lesbos travelling finally 
at 53 knots, with an average speed 

for the 1 90-mile trip of 3516 knots. 
This compares very favourably 
with the recent performance of the 
Virgin Atlantic Challmgcri- 
One can only attribute this 
jreraarkable achievement, to -foe 
diet oflaced barley cakes fed to foe 
oarsmen. Perhaps . .our. modem 
sporting oarsmen should adopt 
this regimen to ensure British 
success in their pursuit. 

Yours faithfully, 


17 Withins Road 
Culceth, Warrington. Cheshire.. 

Free access — 
and not so free 

■ From Dr Mervyn Bryn- Jones 
' Sir, The local Government (Ao- 
cess to Information) Act 1985 
came into force on April 1 this 
year. One of its main aims was to 
open up the affairs of loot! 
authorities by providing the pub- 
lic with access to such things as 
meetings, agenda, reports and 

An important innovation was to 
let tiie public inspect foe back- 
' ground papers upon which reports 
were based, and local authorities 
were allowed to make a 
“reasonable” charge for this ser- 

It is interesting to see how local 
government has put the Act into 
effect in London. Of the 33 
boroughs, including the City, 28 
make no charge at all for inspect- 
• ' ing ' background papers. Three 

- make a modest charge of a pbund 
or less. In two cases, however, tbe 
fees are £6 an hour (Havering) and 
worst of all Richmond, who 
charge £3 for the first hour mod £10 
an hour thereafter. 

One cannot help but come to 
the conclusion that in these two 
boroughs a deliberate attempt has 
been made to discourage the 
. public- from making use of- the 

- pro visions o f the Act. The feet that 
one of them, Richmond, is led by 
-the party- which has strong views 
about the freedom of information 
is strange indeed. 

Yours -faithfully,- . 


35 Lebanon Park, 

Twickenham. Middlesex. 

July 23s— 

Press and Palace 

From Mr G.H.L.Le May 
Sir, “Unattributed leaks” from 
ministers of the Crown have been 
part of the accepted political 
process for so long that they have 
attained the status of constitu- 
tional conventions. One question 
which may 'now . be asked is 
-' whether .a new convention is in the . 
making — that foe Palace is to be 
regarded as. a proper arena for tbe 
activities of lobby correspondents 
or investigative journalists. One 
might also ask why the Palace 
needs a press secretary and what 
his functions are supposed to be. 

The accepted Junctions of the 
Sovereign’s. private secretary, at 
• least since foe death of.the JPripce 
Consort in 1861, have been to act 
as foe Sovereign’s eyes and ears, to 
keep foe Sovereign aware of 
political opinion, to maintain 
links with foe official Opposition 
and, in foe later years of Queen 
Victoria, to . act as a shock- 
absorber between foe. Queen and 
v ministers' (such as" Gladstone) 
whSmWdisnVe£ HffherioTtHe 
, manner injvhich sovereign shave. 
; interpreted' BagehotV self fulfill- 
. ing prophecy (“foe right to be* 
consulted, foe right to encourage, 
foe right to warn”) has remained 
confidential, rightly so because 
responsibility Tests with ministers. 

If a new convention is in tbe 
making, , it' is one which is du- 
. biously In the public ihteresl One 
would Tike to" know why foe 
representative .of The Sunday 
Times put his questions lo foe 
press secretary and why the press 
secretary answered them. 

Yours feifoftilly, 

G. H. L. Le MAY, 

Worcester College, Oxford. 

. July 3L. 


From DrAi G. White 
-Sir. The problem of removing 
child-resistant fids from drug con- 
tainers, highlighted by your 
correspondent (July 28). is 
particularly acute in the case of 
those suffering from rheumatoid 
arthritis affecting foe hands. 

Unfortunately the solution pro- 
posed by ' your * pharmacist 
correspondent (July 30), that the 
pharmacist be simply asked at the 
time of handing in the prescrip- 
tion not to -provide resistant lids 
foils most often in those cases 
where such lids are foe greatest 
problem — Le_ where foe patients 
are. housebound by this disability 
and relatives, neighbours or the 
home-help collect tbe medicines. 

Several pharmaceutical compa- 
nies have desired special easily 
removable lids for arthritic hands, 
and these can be^specified by foe 
prescriber. A more generally ap- 
plicable solution is to design, as I 
have done, a distinctive rubber 
stamp .bearing foe words “no 
childproof fids please”, which is 
applied to prescriptions taken to 
foe local phtemacist by either 
patient or helper. 

Yours laifofiilly. ; 

.A G. WHITE (Chairman, 
Specialist Advisory Committee on 
Rheumatology £ Rehabilitation, 
North East Thames Regional 
Health Authority). 

The Royal Free Hospital, 

Pond Street, Hampstead, NW3. 
July 30. 


In April 1949 HMS Amethyst was 
fired on by Communist batteries 
as she made her way up the 
Yangtze River; the ship, 140 miles 
from foe sea, was damaged and 17 
of her crew, including the 
commanding officer, were killed. 
Lt-Cdr Kerens was able to came 
aboard from Hanking to take 
command. On July 30 Amethyst 

slipped her moorings and the next 

dtp reached the sea. Commander 
Herons, who was awarded the 
DSO, died in September 1985 at 
the age of 70. : . 



From Our Special Correspondent 
The Amethyst was given a rt- 
md i ng welcome when she 

reached Hongkong to-day 

y Jeu t enant ^o mmander Karans 
told your Correspondent that two 
♦fowgn made him decide to try to 
make tbe dash for tbe open sea. 
The first was the Communist 
refusal to let him have any fuel and 
his growing conviction that they 
did not intend to let the Amethyst 
go anyway- Tbe second was tbe 
steady worsening of the physical 

condition of the crew. Thu date and 
timing of the escape depended 
partly on the moon and partly on 
the estimated steaming time to the 
open sea. Except for one other 
officer who was in the secret, the 
ship's company were informed only 
on the day of the projected escape, 
I, in I terant - Commander Kerens 
having concluded that the less time 
they mil to mull over this hazard- 
ous venture tire better for their 
morale. He himself put tbe chances 

at fifty-fifty. 

He said that the trickiest part of 
the whole operation was the initial 
getaway. The Amethyst was point- 
ing Upstr ea m nnd had to mnlw d 
180 degree turn, and it was known 
that there were Communist batter- 
ies trained on her. He had packed 
foe cable with sacking to reduced 
noise when it was slipped and had 
spread dark canvas along parts of 
the superstructure to try to alter 
the silhouette. It was several 
minutes before the Communist 
gunners realized what was happen- 
ing, but then fire was intense and 
the machine-gun fire was wither- 
ing.. The Amethyst was hit on the 
sttrbosird bow Iv a shall estimated 
to be a TSnun. He had previously 
decided that if anything went 
wrong he would beach the foip and 
blow her up. For a few minutes he 
thought this might be necessary. 
Not only was the fire intense, but 
he was having difficulty in getting 
under way- “They were anxious 
minutes,? be said. 

Fortunately -the- Communist 
gunners registered no further hits, 

and hp hati now fallen in behind; a 

river steamer. The .Communist 
charge, made yesterday over Pe- 
lting radio, that Amethyst sank the 
steamer Lieutenant-Commander 

Kerens dismissed as an absolute 
lie. The Amethyst fired only one 
round with her large gun; although 
plenty with Brens and Oerlifcons, 
but the fire was directed exclusive- 
ly at the shore batteries to try to 
keep them quiet. 

Just round the bend in the river 
there was the mix-up with 
Communist gunboat or light naval 
vessel which later appeared to have 
been hit by the Communist guns. 
Men in the Amethyst could seethe 
gunboat’s crew jumping into the 
water. Trouble was expected at 
Rose Island, where the original 
engagement took place; nothing 
happened there, but they were fired 
at for a quarter of an boor going 
past the Kiangyin forts. The boom 
they had to get through consisted 
of a row of sunken ships originally 
laid by the Chinese at the begin- 
ning of the Sino-Japanese war, 
with a narrow channel marked by 
white buoys- ■ • 


said that foe. echo-sounding appa- 
ratus helped them in their naviga- 
tion. Tbe feet that the river was in 
flood helped them in one way, but 
was a disadvantage in that it 
conc ea led certain well known sand- 
banks and other landmar k s. They 
drove the ship's engines for all they 
were worth. Tbe heat in foe 
engine-room rose to 150 degrees 
and was so stifling that two men 

Asked about his negotiations 
with_the Communists and the way. 
in which the latter treated him. 

T.iwrt , j*rMW *- fV>rnrnnnd pr KWwnw 

said: “I was treated with the 
utmost discourtesy. Everything 
was thrown at me. I was subjected 
to personal vilification for weeks 
on end. They even threatened me 

with' the destruction of my ship.” 

He said that what the Communists 
really seemed to be after was an 
admission by- the British that they 
Vuirt “wrongfully and criminally 
invaded Chinese national waters," 
They made the_ granting of a safe- 
conduct con di tional upon a num- 
ber of completely false a dm is sion s 
by the British Government which 
the latter were not prepared -to 

Oppressed peoples : 

From Dr M. C Wheeler 
Sir. Judith Countess of Listowel 
asks (July 25) why South Africa’s 
black majority population is tbe 
object these days of so much more 
international concern than arc the 
principal national, minorities of 
three .Balkan states. To rephrase, 
her question Zip this way is to 
provide a part, of foe. answer she 

The situations are -not analo- 
gous. They could become so, but 
only after black majority rule has 
been won and. foe white minority 
finds itself denied in practice the 
basic human rights guaranteed in 
theory to all South African citi- 
zens. For this, after all. is what the 
ex^mpernd- •.•masters .Jifce -foe 
Hongarians of . Transylvania and 
the Tutta of Bulgaria are suffering 
at the hands of their inheritors. 

The case of foe Albanians of 

.. Ytgpriavia is rather' different 
Oyer the past century or so Serbs 
and .Albanians have taken turns 
oppressing one another in an area 
they have shared for far. longer, 
each convinced that foe land is 
theirs and each occasionally af- 
forded the opportunity to put that 
- thesis into effect. 

■ At present - and contrary to the 

Countess of Lisfowel’s informa- 
tion — It is foe ever-diminishing 
Serb and Montenegrin minority in 
Kosovo which feds most' ag- 
grieved, notwithstanding the 
Albanians’ relative social and 
economic inequality in Yugo- 
slavia generally. • • 

But to equate foe- plight , of 
Yugoslavia’s nearly two million 
Albanians with that o ("Bulgaria's 
Turks or Romania's Hungarians, 
let alone with South Africa’s 
blacks; is not to compare like with 
like. Yugoslavia gaye up seeking 
to expel or denationalize its 

Albanian ' population after- the 
Second World War, and a good 
many Serbs would nowadays ar- 
gue fo'ai it is they who arc paying 
foe price for the Albanian national 
self-affirmation that has been 
encouraged since 1966. 

Whether South Africa's -black 
majority, itself riven by national 
and tribal divisions, wffl- prove 
any wiser or -more forgiving than 
its European predecessors in the 
national- Mancipation- process 
carinoL-of course,- be predicted. It 
is at least arguable, however, that 
greater help from abroad in the 
destruction of apartheid will im- 
prove foe odds. 

Yours sincerely. 


School of Slavonic and East 
European Studies. 

University of London; 

Senate House, 

Malet Street WCl. 

July 26. 

Forever and a day 

From Mr Victor Ripley . T 
Sir. First-ever, longest-ever, big* 
gest-ever, hottest-ever. lowest- 
ever and all the other 
abominations are no longer 
enough. “Ever” has now bon 1 
redefined by ITN, which brought • 
news yesterday evening of British .. 
Rail's “worst-ever level crossing 
disaster for 18 years.’ 1 ’ -- 

If infinity endures less than two 1 ' • 
decades we have dearly a lot of " 
rethinking to do. On foe other 
hand, it might be easier to try to-- 
turn back the torrent of tawdry 
tautology that pollutes our good,— 
plain language. - ' 

Yours faithfully, 


Old Gospel Hall 

SiandforaHflL V. 

Standford, Bordon, Hampshire. ^ 
July 27, 








August 2:. Squadron Leader 
Timothy Finneron had the hon- 
our of being received by The 
Queen upon relinquishing his 
appointment as Equerry to The 
Duke of Edinburgh when Her 
Majesty invested him with the 
Insignia of a Member of the 
Royal Victorian Order. 

The Queen and The Duke of 

Edinburgh, accompanied by 
The Prince Edward, this after- 
noon attended the final Athletic 
events of the XII! Common- 
wealth Games at the 
Meadowbank Stadium and were 
received by Her Majesty's Lord- 
Lieu tenant for the City of 
Edinburgh (Dr John McKay, the 
Right Hon the Lord Provost) 
and the Chairman of the 
Commonwealth Games Federa- 
tion (Mr Peter Heady). 

Her Majesty, with Their 
Royal Highnesses. later at- 
tended the Dosing Ceremony of 
the Games. 

A Guard of Honour found by 
the 1st Battalion. The Black 
Watch (Royal Highland Regi- 
ment) under the command of 
Major Sir Andrew Ogilvy- 
Wedderbum, Bt received The 
Queen with a Royal Salute. 

A Royal Salute was Bred from 
Holyrood Park by 105 (Scottish) 
Air Defence Regiment Royal 
Artillery (Volunteers), under the 
Command of Major D. K. Bain, 
Royal Artillery, TA. 

Squadron Leader Richard 
Thomas led a fly-past by aircraft 
of (he Royal Air Force Aerobatic 
Team, the Red Arrows. 

Following the Ceremony of 
the Flags, The Queen declared 
dosed the XIII Commonwealth 
Games and returned to the 
Palace of Holyroodhouse in a 
carriage procession formed in 
the following order: 

First Carriage 

The Prince Edward 

Second Carriage 
Secretary of Slate for Scotland 
The Countess of Airlie 
Right Hon Sir William 

Major Hugh Lindsay 

Motor Car 
The Crown Equerry 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh, with The Prince 
Edward, subsequently left Royal 
Air Force Tumhouse in an 
aircraft of The Queen's Flight. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, with 
The Prince Edward, embarked 
in HM Yacht Britannia at 
Cowes this evening. 

Squadron Leader Timothy 
Finneron and Major Rowan 
Jackson, RM were in 

August 3: The Queen gave a 
Dinner Party at Buckingham 
Palace for the Heads of Delega- 
tion to the Commonwealth 
Review Meeting. 

The following had (he hooour 
of being invited: The President 
of the Republic of Zambia, the 
Prime Minister of the Bahamas, 
the Prime Minister of the 
United Kingdom, the Prime 
Minister of Zimbabwe, the 
Prime Minister of Australia, the 
Prime Minister of Canada, the 
Prime Minister of India, the 
Commonwealth Secretary-Gen- 
eral and the Secretary of State 
for Foreign and Commonwealth 

The Ladies and Gentlemen of 
the Household in Waiting were 
in attendance. 

The Duke of Edinburgh this 
evening attended the Regatta 
Church Service at Holy Trinity 
Church, Cowes. 

Afterwards, His Royal High- 
ness attended the Cowes Com- 
bined Cubs Reception at the 
Royal Yacht Squadron, Cowes. 

Squadron Leader Timothy 
Finneron and Major Rowan 
Jackson. RM were in 

By command of The Queen, 
the Viscouni Davidson (Lord in 
Wailing) was present at 
Heathrow Airport, London to- 
day upon the departure of the 
Governor-General of Mauritius 
and Lady Ringadoo, and the 
Governor-General of the Ba- 
hamas, and bade farewell to 
Their Excellencies on behalf of 
Her Majesty. 

Clifford Longley 

Cynicism and sexual morality 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother celebrates her birthday 

Birthdays today 

Vice-Admiral Sir Patrick Bayly, 
72; Mr Paul Beard, 85; Mr 
David Bedford. 49: Mr William 
Cooper. 76; Sir Rustam Feroze, 
66; Sir George Godber, 78; Air 
Marshal Sir Victor Groom, 88; 
Miss Georgjna Hale, .43; Gen- 
eral Sir Reginald Hewetson, 78; 
Sir Harold Hobson, 82; Mr 
David Lange. 44; Mr Simon 
Preston. 48; Mr Peter Squires, 
35; Sir Frederick Tymms, 97; Sir 
Thomas Wedderspoon, 82. 


Diplomatic and Co m monw e alth 
Writers Association 
Dr Kenneth Kaunda, President 
of Zambia, was the guest of 
honour at a reception given by 
the Diplomatic and Common- 
wealth Writers Association of 
Britain at the Royal 
Horseguards Hotel yesterday. 
Mr Michael Evans, acting presi- 
dent of the association, was in 
the chair. 

University news 


Derek Binns Ingham, reader in 
applied mathematics, and Har- 
old Garth Dales, reader in 
analysis, have been elected to 
the persona] title and status of 
professor from October 1. 

The following promotions to the 
title and status of reader from 
October I have been approved: 

Dr Ronald Cueto iSmnlsti and Portu- 
wspi: Dr Rosalind Driver I educa- 
tion!: Mr Edgar w Jenkins 
(education*: Dr Leslie D Poult an- 
organic and structural etiemtstry): Dr 
John H Merkln (aonlted mathematical 
studies! Dr PHer Daty (electrical and 
electronic engineering t Dr Clvns- 
lopher m Taylor (mechanical en- 
gineering]: Dr Gerald A V Loaf uextue 
industries!. - • - 

Latest wills 

Mrs Marv MacCartney 
Keywood. of Mapperley, Not- 
lingbam, left estate valued at 
£903,734 net. She left her estate 
mostly to relatives. 

Mr James Symmers Netsh, of 
Weybridge, Surrey, left estate 
valued at £510.224 net. 

The fair and gentle treatment of Father 
John Mahoney, SJ, by Cardinal Basil 
Hume, consisting of the discreet with- 
drawal of as unnecessary imprimatur 
on Father Mahoney’s book on moral 
theology, may be- seen as an English 
comment on the much bigger hiss in 
America concerning the Vatican's at- 
tempts to discipline another well known 
theologian. Father Charles Curran. 

He has been told, in effect, to toe the 
line on sexual ethics or face the loss of 
his status as a Roman Catholic theolo- 
gian.. “We handle these things better 
here”. Cardinal Hume seems to be 

Curran’s case is becoming a cause 
celebre of the same kud as Hans KOng, 
Edward Schiliebeeckx and Leonardo 
Boffi but it is the only one of the four in 
the delicate and dangerous territory (for 
Catholic moral theologians) of sex, 
marriage, birth control, abortion, and 

Father Curran is a professor at the 
Catholic University of America, and he 
teaches and writes liberally on these 
topics. The Sacred Congregation for the 
Doctrine of the Faith at the Vatican has 
investigated his work, and judges it 
contrary to the teaching of the church's 

Probably the only reason there have 
not been for more cases like Curran's 
(and more modestly, Mahoney's) is that 
moral theologians as a breed have come 
to regard sexual ethics as.a no-go area, 
given that they are almost bound lo start 
from somewhere other than where the 
Vatican would want them to start, and 
bound therefore to come to different 

The Vatican ’^current view of the role 
of the theology appears to be that it is an 
intellectual form of “public relations”, 
of explaining why the church’s official 
teaching is righL It does not appear to be 
open to theologians, in this view, to ask 
whether it is in fact right, even less to as- 
sert that it is not. 

What links Curran with Kung, 
Schiliebeeckx and Boffis they all believe 
that theologians must follow their 

honest inquiries wherever they may 
lead. What links them also is that they 
have each raised questions about church, 
authority, and the Congregation for the 
Doctrine of the Faith is foe appointed 
defender of that authority. 

Official Roman Catholic doctrine 
concerning human sexuality rests upon 
fundamental principles which are soil 
widely acknowledged outside * the 
Catholic Church because they are 
implicit in Western culture. Much of 
English law on sexual behaviour derives 
from medieval moral theology and 
canon law, for instance. 

The principles are that sexual inter- 
course is seriously sinful if it is not 
“lawful”, that is to say, within the 
bounds of monogamous matrimony, 
and if it is not “natural”, meaning foe 
deposit of semen into foe vagina try 
sexual intercourse. The assumption is 
that sex - or specifically, foe capacity of 
the male organ to discharge live semen - 
has been designed by God for one single 
purpose, its “end” or “jinalitd”, which is 
the reproduction of the 'species; any 
alternative use must be secondary and 
not contradictory to that, or it is illicit. 

Thus male masturbation, oral or anal 
sex, male homosexual intercourse of 
any kind, sexual intercourse before or 
outside marriage, and sexual inter- 
course using a contraceptive devise, are 
all ruled out.(though it is not so easy to 
catch exclusively female sexual acts in 
foe same logical net). 

Catholic moral theology in general 
has tended to move away from the kind 
of reasoning which concentrates on (he 
ends of certain actions to determine 
their moral status, preferring to make its 
priority the whole person, in relation- 
ship and in community, so that actions 
are judged morally according to their 

The notion of an act which is 
immoral “in itself” is hard to integrate 
into such an approach, yet it stands part 
of the received corpus of Roman 
Catholic teaching on sex. 

Curran, it appears, has been bold 
enough to turn foe logic of the personal. 

relational approach into a critique of 
this body of doctrine. He has thus 
crossed foe Vatican’s picket line. 

Formally speaking foe Vatican can 
not and does not claim infallible 
authority for its teachings on sexual 
ethics, though it is dearly raced with foe 
problem that to retract or fun- 
damentally modify such teachings 
would be a grave admission of 

It therefore tends to act as if all these 
issues were finally and totally closed, as 
-if there was no possible .scope for 
theologians to question er dissent Its 
view seems to be that to do otherwise 
would destroy the church's credibility. 
That was one of the most powerful 
arguments advanced in support of the 
encyclical, Humanae Vitae, on birth 
control in 1968. 

The joint statement by foe vicar 
general of Westminster Archdiocese 
and Father Mahoney, concerning the 
removal. of the imprimatur from his 
book Bioethics arm Belief, dedares: 
“Tension, which is not always necessar- 
ily undesirable, can occur when theolo- 
gians and other experts in foe church, 
encouraged to deepen our understand- 
ing of how the church is to apply 
religious and moral principles in mod- 
em society, advance considerations and 
conclusions concerning some areas of 
life today which are ai variance with foe 
current official teaching on these 
particular matters”. 

It is a cautious defence of open 
inquiry, in other words, and it implies 
that Rome does not always get every- 
thing exactly right. 

What is scandalous in the process 
against Father Curran is that it looks 
rather like an attempt to enforce -by 
discipline a consensus in foe church on 
sexual morality which does not really 
exist; and that in the long term wifi 
undermine foe church’s authority for 
more seriously than could conceivably 
happen by facing up to the issues. For it 
will encourage cynicism, and under- 
mine confidence. 

Appointments in 
the Forces 

Royal Navy 

CAPTAINS: A N A Macdonald. 

ESPUra?’® £ MTWtM 

(London)- Nov 18: C D FerOncM. 

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Brand. RAPC. to RPO TAUNT ON . 
Aug -4: P-T -Mnocentr R-S(g nato. -to 
rmcs. Aug S: BGMCGnmbe, RTR. t*r 
MOD. A Up 4. 

Royal Air Ftrrtt “ . 

HO 18 Gd. Aus 8:JB Ashall tt RAF 
OwdSttav- Aug 4: D R Hawkins » 

Id mod. Au^.4i M S Read » i®AF. 

June 8: A F Dawson to Canadian 

M**y ai 



Mr N.P.A- Aytes 
and Miss CJJEL Baxter 
The marriage took dace os 
Saturday, August 2, at Chapel of 
Garioch Parish Church, of Mr 
Nicholas Ayles, youngest son of 
Dr and Mrs William Ayles, of 24 
Moray Place, Edinburgh, and 
Miss Caroline Baxter, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Normile Baxter, 
of House of Aquahorthies, 
Inverurie, Aberdeenshire. The 
Rev Eric Milton officiated. - 
The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Emma and Caroline 
Chadd, Gerald Harrison, Will 
Quarry and Hugo and Thomas 
Hudson. Mr William Quarry 
was best man, ■ 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride- and thff 
honeymoon " is "being spent 


Mr DJJVL Dally 
and Miss J.G. Barnes 
The marriage took place 
Saturday at the Church of St 
Mary the Virgin, Wimbledon, of 
Mr David James Michael Dally, 
elder son of Mr and MrsB. J. M. 
Dally, of 20 St Mary's Road, 
Wimbledon, and Miss Jennifer 
GoreU Barnes, younger daughter 
of Lord and Lady GoreU, of 4 
Roehampton Gate, London. 
SW15. The Rev Hugh Marshall 
and Canon Edwyn Young 

The bride, wbo was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by her sister, Mrs 
Susan Clark, and Miss Elizabeth 
Gail Barnes. Mr Jonathan Dally 
was best -manu 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon wifi be spent in 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

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(minimum 3 hues) 

\niHHiiKcmcnls. authenticated by the 
name and permanent address of the 
sender, may hr sent in: 

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London El 

nr ickphtntnl (by telephone subs- 
eihen only) to: Ol-*Bl 3BM 

XniMtmtcmcnifc can he received by 
telephone between 4.00am and 
.V.lflpm Monday hi Fndav. on Satur- 
day benwen 4.00am and (2 noon. 
Bl-Mt 4SU OaM. For puNicaikwi ihc 
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Lie on Tourt and Social Rase £S a Haa 
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Court and Social Rift announce- 
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and leaching ecpcv man m all wisdom: 
ittai we may nmem ony man perfect 
■n Const jmn. 

CoKmun i. zn 


RHODE- on SOUi July to Vanessa inie 
Hawks*) and Adam a daughter. 
Natalie Jane 

COLLINS! on July 30Ui. 1986. to 
-Rosamond inee Jesselt. and Mark, a 
-daughter. LUv Clementine, a sttJer 
-(or China. 

FOULDS- on August 1st ai H.M. 
’Stanley Hospital. SI. Asaph, lo Kay 
Unee Brand / Butter) and DavkL a 
.daughter. Katrina Alexandria. 

CUERT - on 22nd July 1986 lo Ma- 
■neinee PWlPOtls) and Stephen, a son 

WATT - On 3191 July, to Siena (nfe 
Lanri and Christopher, a daughter. 
Sophie, a sWer lor James. 

MAITLAND - On 15UI July. 1986 to 
Jane inee Retd-Kay> and Jamie, a 
son. Adam Drummond. 

SAVORY - on July 3 1 si. to Annabel 
-and Nigel a son. Harry. 

TILL YARD On me 23Ui or July to 
Janet fnee McKenna) and James or 
Uandaif Cardiff, a daughter. 
'Hannah Louise. 


OSCORNCOn 1st August at West Lon- 
don Hospital to Robert & Lynda inee 
Oat to) a daughter Sophie Wyn. 

WLSONOn 29th July to Caroline (nee 
Watkins) A Anthony, a son Chrtslo- 
pher John, a brother for Amy. 


SCAftTH - Richard and Hilda have 
Been happily married for 30 years, on 
"4 August 1986. 


ATKINS - on 31H July at London 
Chest Hospital. Charles Alexander 
Atkins, dearly loved husband of 
Ruth, late of The Royal ATtlHeryand 
The Glider Pitot Regiment. Crema- 
I/Ofi 12 top m on Friday Oh August 
at u» Qty of London Crematorium. 
No flowers, donations If wished to 
London Chest Hospital c/o James 
Hawes. 216 Well St.. E9. 

BEATON - On 22nd July 1966. at 
Dunkeld. Theodore Brice Beaton Of 
Cralgbetlhe. Btraam. DunkeM. 
BRAZIER ■ On 3191 July, al Wrexham 
Hospital. John Albert aged 67 of 
Wrexham. Beloved husband of Ethel 
and father of Paul and Leslie- Funer- 
al arrangements to be announced. 
AI) correspondence K> Haya Lens 
Ltd. 0978 61161. 

CRISP- On August 1st. at All Hallows : 
HosMlaL Dltchlngham. Norfolk. 
Barbara (trie Gooch), wife of (he La re 
Major RJ-S. Crisp of Kirby Came 
Hall. Norfolk. Funeral service All 
Saints Church. Kirby Cane. Thurs- 
day August 7th at 2J50pm. Family 
(towers only. Donations H desired for 
Kliby Cane Church Fabric Fund, c/o 
Harvey Bros. Funeral Directors, Kir- 
by Cane. Bungay. Suffolk. 

CARL ■ On July 29th. peacefully In 
Alton Hospital, after a short Illness. 
Joyce Mary Cart (n£e TbnnerL wife 
of Robert and beloved mother of 
Richard and Anna. Cremation at 
Aldershot on August 5Ui at 2-30 pm. 
No flowers please, donations if 
desired lo R.A-F. Benevolent Fund. 
67 Portland Place. London. 

GREENE - Basil Eric. On 31st July, 
aged 74. of Weybridge. Beloved hus- 
band of Clare and cherished father of 
Georgina. Sally. Elizabeth and 
David. Grandfather to CJain? and 
Lily, dearly missed by afl who knew 
and loved him. Funeral service 12 
noon. Friday 8th August at St. 
Charles Borrcmtea. Heath Road. 
Weybridge. No flowers please, but if 
desired donations to St Peter's Hospi- 
tal. Chertsey. Cardiac Unit Fund. 
Memorial Service to be announced. 
HAMBLEN • On 1st August 1 986. hi 
hospital. Peter Hamblen F.LMJ.t.. 
FJ.S.O.B. for malny years a director 
of Henry Willis and Son. •Most be- 
loved and devoted husband of Ruth, 
dear lather and grandfather. Funeral 
service St Marys Church Southarap- 
■on. on Wednesday 6th August at 
2 . 15 .pm. followed by private crema- 
tion. Please no flowers, but 
donations to the Cancer Research 
Fund c/o Southampton Genera! Hos- 
pital. Tremona Road. Southampton. 
HIDES - John Duncan. On 1st August, 
dearly beloved. Peacefully al Royal 
Free Hospual Hampstead. For funer- 
al details phone 01-340 1921. 
denly. In Florida, on 31st July. 1986. 
Marimee. aged 26. Loving wife of 
Bruce and mother of Suzanne. 
Christina and a son. Beloved daugh- 
ter of Columbus and SIMUa. sister of 
Charles and Betty. Private Funeral in 
Nassau. Bahamas. 

MLL On the 1st August 1986. peace- 
fully after a short lllnesa Peter iCP) of 
'Rothesay the Strand. Staxrrom. A 
much krved husband, father, 
grandpa, friend and teacher- Funeral 
service at the Exeter and Devon Cre- 
matorium on Wednesday 6Ui August 
at 3pm. Family flowers only, dona- 
tions if wished lo either Wetlbank 
League of Friends or Hospital tor 
Sick Children Great Omwnd SL c/o 
'AvanTs' 36 Strand. Dawibh. 

JEUNEK4URL - On 1st August In 
London. Eva. after a long illness 
bravely borne. 

JELUCOC. Susan - On the is! August 
peacefully. Dear wife or Sir Geof- 
frey. Cremation private, memorial 
service later. 

WKiEf . on August ist. 1986 
Chains* Lawrence Aston (Tom) 
MatMey T.D. beloved husband of 
Barbara and father of Richard. Fu- 
neral service . Putney Vale 
Crematorium. Wednesday 6th Au- 
gust 3pm. No flowers, but donations 
if desired to the Royal Marsden Hos- 
pital SW3T. 

HOLLIS - On July 30Ut 1906. Sir 
Leonard Mims. C.BX.. j.p.. beloved 
husband of Ethel, tamer of Elizabeth 
and Jocelyn, and grandfather of 
Deborah and William. Family funer- 
al on Thursday. 7th August. Family 
flowers only please, but donations. If 
desired, to Water Aid. I -Queen Ann's 
Gale. London. SW1H 9BT. A Memo- 
rial Service Mil be arranged. 

SeflorG. Boye Tract - 
and Mss G Clarkson 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, August 2, at St 
Wilfrid's Church, Harrogate, of 
Serior Gonzalo Boye Tuset, 

r- elder son of SeAor and Seriora 

- - .- Guaavo Boyc. of Vifla del Mar,- “^P- 1 

Chile, and Miss Gomeua Mr JJ). Taring 
Clarkson, only daughter of 
Judge Clarkson. QC, and Mis 
Clarkson, of Harrogate. Canon 
Howard Garside officiated. - 

Mr M-T. Ford 
and Miss DA. Taylor 
The marriage- took place u 
Bristol on August 2, between Mr 
M.T. Ford, of Leamington Spa, 
and Miss D.A. Taylor, of 

MA1DMENT - on August lsL Tanya, 
our brave beloved daughter, peace- 
fully at home. Funeral at Little 
W ratting Chundi. on Tuesday Au- 
gust 12th. al 12 noon. Please, no 
mounting by her own request 

MOORE ■ on LA August 1986 peaceful 
ty In hospital Tony (AUredJ Moore of 
Safidean. Sussex. (Late ot BADA. 
Matorca and Menton.. France). Ser-l 
vice al the WoodvaJe Creroalortum. 
Lewes Road- Brighton, tomorrow 
Tuesday 5th August al 2pm. Flowers 
and enquiries lo E- Carter &. San 20. 
Marine Drive. RotUngdeon. Tel 
Brighton 33467. 

PARKER - On Vst August 1986. Al 
Raigmore Hospital tnvernessjn tits 
sleep. Cert. William Gregg Parker. 
MAE. C.M. EJR-D. Of Avondale. 
Kingussie. Beloved husband of Celia 
6 father of Patrick. Service on 
Wednesday 6th August at H-SO am 
In John Fraser &• Sons Funeral 
Home. Chapel SL Inverness. There: 
after to Kincardine Church Yard. 
Aid gay. Family flowers only Mease, 
donations If desired to Highland Hos- 
pice appeal. P.O. Box 100 tnvwnes*. 

PATTERSON James Thomson on 31st 
July aged 82 years. Beloved husband 
of Phyllis dearest father of Heather. 
Fiona. Mary and Joanne- peacefully 
al St Anthony's Hospital Cheam. 
Cremation al 3 tun. on Friday 8th 
August at Croydon Crematorium. 
Family flowers only please, dona- 
tions if desired to The British .Heart 

ROBERTSON. Andrew - Writer and 
Teacher. . peacefully on Friday 
August" let at si Maryv Hospitti. 
Paddington, aner. a short OlneaR. 
much (cried and missed by hbi 
friends, his students, hfe family and 
hts wife. Jenny. Funeral St Mary 
The virgin. Bamsmbe. Nr Lewes. 
Sussex on Friday August 8th at 
2.30pm. Flowers to Trower. 1 Mon- 
gers Mead. Barcombe. Nr Lewes. 

VOJLKRS. Joan Ankaret - PeacefUfly 
on 3lst July aged 86. Widow of Cat* 
Eric Hyde VflUers. D-S.O- beloved 
mother of Henry. James and John 
and much loved grandmother. 
Funeral Service at All Saints Church. 
Ukrnnbe at 1230 pm ■ on . 13th 
August Flowers to A.W. Court. 
Heedcorn Road. Utoombe or lo the 

WILSON Dr Eric Frederic of Counsel, 
tniemattonai Foreign Law- Consul- 
taut. Beloved husband of NUa and 
father of Yves Frederic and Jean- 
Jacoues. peacefully al borne at Land- 
scape Vina. Elmdene. London SE18 
on 30th July 19 S 6 . Requiem Mass at 
10.00 am at St Peters Church. Wool-, 
wtch. seie on Wednesday. «h 
August followed by interment al. 
Shooters Hill Cmriery al U- 00 am. 
Family flowen only but donations, if 
desired, to his memory to Brook Ho&- 
pdal Cardiac Fund. Shooters HID Rd. 
SEI8. May he rest in peace. 

WILSON - Qn 3 1st July. 1986. Ian 
Claude, peacefully after-* shore ill- 
ness. Much loved husband, father 
and 'Papa' of Jo. Penny and Uicy. 
Private cremation sender. No /tow- 
ers please but donations to The 
British Heart Foundation. 
wool car - Qn July 30 th. i«6. 
peacefully in hospital after a tong Al- 
ness. Hilda wooigar at -CbMey. 
Avenue: Rottingdaan.Oate of Sutton). 
Widow of Norman and ftetorat 
mother .or Sandra Chamberialn- Ser- 
vice at the Downs Crematorium. 
Bear Road. Brighton on Wednesday- 
August <5th at u.SO am. Flowers 
may be sent to E- Carter * Son. 20 
Marine Drive. Rottingdean. 


COCKS - Vldoriff Mary. &d August 
1983. Lux perpetua luceal ea. 

STAMERS-SHTfL H«ry Arthur, 
CB.E.. who died on August. 3rd. 
1982: remembering wnti love and 
pride the dtsuneboo of his Hf e and. 
Character. Eileen. 

Mr N. Cameron Smith 
aad Mrs LG. Stelbert 
The marriage look place quietly 
at Beckenham, Kent on -August 
2, 1986. between Mr Nod 
Cameron Smith and Mrs Iris 
Gwendoline Shdbert. 

and Miss N J.Simraonds 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, July 26, at New 
College, Oxford, between Mr 
Dermot Turing, son of the late 
Mr J.F. Turing and Mis Turing, 
and Miss Nicola Simmonds, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
M.D. Simmonds. The Rev 
Jeremy Sfaeeby officiated, as- 
sisted by foe Rev Michael 

Science report 

How the firefly’s 
lantern aids research 

By A Special Correspondent 

An intriguing experiment by 
scientists in the United Steles 
has led In a way of creating 
plants which glow in foe dark 
in foe same any that foe firefly 

While there might be some 
advantage in this invention for 
plants, by attracting pollinat- 
ing insects at mmsoat times, 
the research was done for 
other reasons. 

It was an investigation of 
some O'f the latest fundamental 
ideas in molecnlar generics, 
rather than an attempt to show 
bow to breed a variety of freak 

The. type, of lightproduced . 

by the firefly provides an Meal 
marker to show that the 
genetic characteristics of one 
type of organism had been 
transferred to another. 

The lantern of flu firefly is 
seeH particularly in foe hedge- 
rows of New England id foe 
ssnumar and antnmn. The light 
is generated in an organ of the 
insect that is packed drift an 
enzyme called inriferase. ’ 

Hie enzyme is .essential. for 
stimulating a reaction between 
a molecule called Incifefinand. 
another of the most vital 
molecules for living or- 
ganisms, ATP or adenosine 
triphosphate, which is needed 
in many reactions where en- 
ergy is transferred.' 

The work with firefly was 
reported to a workshop on 
mofecolar genetics in the latest 
of foe series of Gordon re- 
search conferences in the 
United States, by two yosag 
scientists from foe University 
of California at San Diego. 
The gene which carried foe 
code for Inriferase was ckmed 
by- Suresh Snbramani and it 
was pot into a plant- .by 
Stephen HowelL 

Under normal circum- 
stances, genes which carry the 
code for a protein molecule 
sod) as Inriferase are con- 
trolled by other molecules 
found “upstream” of them in 
foedonMe helix of DNA. And, 
those “upstream'' pieces of 
DNA are known as promoters. 

With the advances in ge- 
uetic en^ueering, it« possible 
to separate promoters from foe 
genes they control and then to 
attach them to different genes. 
In this way it is possible for 
gpe A- to be tinned on by a 
signal which normally tarns 
on gene B. One extreme of this 
manipulation . is when a bio- 
chemical is secreted by foe 
action gene in a tissue in which 
that gene is not normally 

That is what foe San Diego 
team has achieved. Having 
' isolated the gene for tnrif- 
erase, they went on to show 
that this molecule, which 
s tim ulates a reaction giving off 
light can be generated in 
many types of cells under the 
control of different promoters. 

This was done by hooking 
np the Inriferase gene to a 
sequence of promoter DNA for 
a specific plant. The hybrid 
gene-promoter was then in- 
serted into plant, cdls. at an 
early stage of developmentand 
allowed to grow in to. whole 
plants. ... 

The primary use of the 
technique is . as a tool for 
scientists to measure foe arid- 
ity of different . promoters, 
teraose the emission of light is 
such a good indicator. 

The gkw is' discernible to. 
naked eye only in a dark room, 
but it can be captured dearly 
on photographic film, reveal- 
ing foe internal structure of 
foep 2 ant- 


Mr AJ. Aden 
and Miss & Forbes Adam 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, son of Mr and 
Mrs FtA- Allen, of Chichester, 
and Sally, only daughter of Sir 
Christopher mid Lady Forbes 
Adam, of 46 Rawlings Street, 

Mr NA Hawkins 
and Miss SJ. Wilcox - 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, younger son 
of Mr and Mrs 'Bryan Hawkins, 
of Crowboroogh. Sussex, and 
Sara, daughter of Sheila Lady 
Wilcox and the late Sir Malcolm 
Wikox, of Kennington. 

MrJBLD. Arscott 
and Miss EUA. Jackson 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard David, elder 
son of Captain and Mrs G.D. 
Aricbtt, of " Elstree, Hertford- 
shire, and Elizabeth. Ann, only 
daughter of Mr A^. Jackson, of 
Bretion, Peterborough, and Mrs 
MA Richards, of Polebrook, 

Mr PJL Comfort 
and Miss CJ. Holland 
J The- engagement is -announced-} 
between Philip, son of Mr and 
Mrs. Brian Comfort, of Brain- 
tree, Essex, and Catherine, 
daughter, of Mr and Mrs An- 
thony Holland, of SninerfiekL, 

Mr G-Sl Foy 
and MissT. Syed 
The engagement is announced 
between Gariy, only, son of 
Peter and Barbara Foy, of Las. 
Vegas; Nevada, United States- 
and Tara, youngest daughter of 
the - late Yehia Syed and Anna 
Syed. of Golders Green, 

Mr S. Gate 
and Mtas R. Dobson 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen Gale, LIB, of 
Hong Kong, and Rebecca, youn- 
ger daughter of Mr and Mis WJ. 
Do bson, of Sandal, Wakefield. 

Mi J. Harfams ' 
and Mbs U Lyoa 
The e nga g eme nt is announced 
between John, elder son of Dr 
and Mrs J. Harkness, of Great 
Maplestead, Essex, and Helen, 
youngest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs AJE. Lyon, of Carshaltou, 

Mr JJ. Kaflaogher 
and Miss S, Goddard 
The engagement is aorionaced 
between John, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs John M. Kal laugher, of 
East Norwalk, Connecticut, and 
Susan, younger daughter: of 
Lieutenant-Colonel and Mrs 
GG Peter Goddard, of Ewell, 

Mr MJD. Langdoo 
and Miss MA. Gmstod 
The. engagement is announced 
from Lon Angeles between Mi- 
chael, youngest son of Mr and 
Mrs JXK Langdon, of Upton 
Grey. Hampshire, and MicneJe, 
eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
J.W.'Couson, of Rome, Italy. 

Mr D.W. laugbmrls Pearse 
and Miss F.G Symons 
The engagement is announced 
between . Dominic, son of Com- 
mander Ian Langtands Pearses 
ofOakendene Manor, CowfokL 
Sussex, and the late Mrs 
M&igareiia Langtand s. and 
France, daughter of the late Dr 
and Mrs Leonard Symons. ' 

Mr RJ>. LtnseU 
and Miss B.M. Crabtree 
The engagement is announced 
between Richards elder son of 
Dr and Mrs WJ). LinselL. of 
Rushmere St Andrews, Suffolk, 
and- Brian y, second danghterof ' 
Dr and Mrs TWA.- Crabtree, "oT| 
Exmouth. Devon. 

Mr SJF- Ridddl 
and Miss JX. Horfodk 
The engagement is announced 
between Sfmon Riddell, 
15th/ 1 9th The King’s Royal 
Hussars, son. of Mr Frauds 
Riddell, of Shrewsbury, Shrop- 
shire. and-Mrs -Barbara Riddell, 
of Hastings. Sussex, and Joanna. 
Lucy, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Patrick .Horioek, of The Mill 
House. Tertdring,. Essex. 


A master of the thriller 

Stanley Ellin, the American Thus 
thriller-writer, died in hospital Circle ( 1 ®58) drew subtle 
in New Yorit on July 31. He for its wdjuMte 

was 69. 

Ellin was one of the very few 

delineation of character ana 
motive in an ostensibly rou- 
tine framework - zhe investiga- 
tion of an allegedly comipt 
police officer. 

r**.u — — -- 7 - demonstrated to sex. 

was apparent to reviewers that component theme ot muroer 
a talent capable of raising that mystery, was not only 
much-abused genre, the thrill- exhausted, but had not, unul 
to the level of, at least, jjj en> tran handled in a man- 

contemporary mystery writers 
whose name does not sit 
uneasily in company with 
Conan Doyle, G. R. Chester- 
ton and Dashiell Hammett. 
And from his earliest days, it 

er, . 

minor art, had made its 

Ellin was in the tradition of 
great story-tellers; his books 
were densely woven and sub- 
tly timed adventures. But both 
his prose and his play of mind 
were things of elegance. Hts 
plojs did not rely, for their 
capacity to enthral, on sheer 
excitement (though with that 
they were richly endowed). 
Rather, there was a funda- 
mental veracity in an Ellin 
story which found a following 
for his books from outside zhe 
ranks of crime fiction buffe. 

They also translated effort- 
lessly onto the cinema screen. 
Directors such as Joseph 
Losey, Claude Chabrol and 
Give Donner all cut their 
teeth on films based on his 

Ellin was bom in 1916, in 
Brooklyn and educated at 
Brooklyn College, where he 
graduated in 1936. But he did 
a number of jobs - dairy farm 
hand, teacher, worker in the 
Brooklyn Navy Yard - before 
deriding in 1946 to devote 
himself to writing; By this 
time his first book, a collec- 
tion of short stories, had 
already been published. 

This announced to readers 
an, at least, distinctive voice, 
an impresssion its successors 
reinforced and amplified. 

ncr which so folly wpforcd 
sexual psychology. “When w 
doubt” ran Raymond 
Chandler’s dictum, “have a 
man come through die door 
with a gun in his hand, fclhtf 
was capable of this, too, but n 
was his everyday plausibility 
that was his hallmark. 

Ellin was a far ay from the 
typical “novd-a-ycar” roan. 
In the Brooklyn apartment 
where he lived for much offers 
life he worked eight hours a 
day with constant revision 
and much thought about the 

J irecise effects he was striving 

Of plot - of which he was 
such a master - he used to say: 
“It’s both the most important 
and the least important pan of 
the book. I defy any reader to 
tell me the plots of the books 
he has loved most; it’s the’ 
ambience they recall'* 

Among the many film suc- 
cesses from his books were 
The Big Night (from Dreadful 
Summit, 1948), starring John 
Barrymore, Jn Nothinghut the 
Best (from a story The Best of 
Everything. 1952), starring. 
Alan Bates; and The House of 
Cards (from the book of the 
same name. 1967), starring 
Orson Welles. 

Ellin's last novel. Very Old 
Money, appeared in 1985. 


Mr Roy Cohn, the New 
York attorney who for a brief 
period in the 1950s was one of 
the best-known figures in the 
world, died on August 2 al 
Beihesda, Maryland, aged 59. 

The immediate cause of death 
-was cardio-pulmonary arrest, 
but he had been treated by 
AIDS specialists since 1984. 

.Though he never regained 
the universal, notoriety that 
came to him as assistant to the 
witch-hunting Senator Joseph 
McCarthy, be continued to 
prosper in his profession until, 
in the last months of his life, 
he was eventually disbarred. 

Roy Marcus Cohn was born 
in the Bronx on February 20, 

1927, the only child of a New 
York State supreme court 
judge. He was a precocious 
hoy, who got through both 
college and law school at 
Columbia in less than four 
years, graduating at 20 . 

As an assistant federal pros- 
ecutor in New York he helped 
to prosecute American com- 
munists for conspiracy, and jn 
1951 look part in the trial that 
resulted in the Rosen bergs' 
conviction and execution. In 
early 1953 he was retained as 
chief counsel to Senator 
McCarthy's permanent Senate 
sub-committee on investiga- 
tions, then at*ihe height of its 
ruthless and indiscriminate 
pursuit of communists in the 
US- government and aimed 

'Soon 7 after joining McCar- 
thy, Cohn went on a tour of 
Europe to investigate US in- 
formation services. His com- 
panion on the trip was a rich 
young friend and unpaid con- 
sultant to the sub-committee, 

G. David Schine, and the 
partnership of Cohn and 
Schine became a fhmiliar fea- 
ture of foe McCarthy phenom- 
enon, inspiring disgust and 
derision . in about- equal 
proportions. . . 

The partnership was, how- 
ever, in due course Cohn's 
undoing,' so far as the sub- 
committee was concerned, be- 
cause when in .late 1953 
Schine was drafted for army 
sendee Cohn's demand that 
he be granted- special privi- 
leges led to a clash with foe 
Eisenhower administration. 

After 36 days of televised 
hearings, during which -Mc- 
Carthy and Cohn charged the , and a capacity to charm when 
Aroiy with coddling commit- he did n« repel. In the last 

on his office wall a photograph 
of himself whispering in the 
ear of the junior Senator from 

Returning to law practice in 
New York, he specialised in 
spectacular divorce cases, es- 
tate battles and large-scale 
criminal proceedings. His cli- 
ents at one time or another 
included J. Edgar Hoover, 
Cardinal Terence Cooke, 
Andy Warhol, Bianca Jagger, 
Aristotle Onassis and foe Ma- 
fia “boss of bosses” Carmine 
Galante. One client the real 
estate mogul Donald Trump, 
said of him: “If you need 
someone to get vicious to- 
wards an opponent you get 
Roy. People wijl drop a .suit 
just by getting a letter with 
Roy’s name at the bottom." 

In the early 1960s the 
Justice Department under 
Robert F. Kennedy tried to 
“get" him, but couJd not put 

S ' er a plausible case. 

edy had lakea against 
him when they were both 
working for McCarthy). Be- 
tween 1964 and 1970 repeated 
attempts by Federal prosecu- 
tors to have him convicted of 
fraud, blackmail and perjury 
were equally unsuccessful- But 
in June of this year he was 
found guilty on three counts of 
misconduct and disbarred. He 
was also feeing a claim by the 
Inland Revenue Services for 
nearly 57 million in unpaid 

Though he had residences 
in Manhattan. Washington 
DC, New England and Aca- 
pulco, drove a Bentley, a Rolls 
Royce and a Cadillac, flew a 
J 2 ~seat private plane, and had 
living expenses of about 
$500,000 a year, he. main- 
tained that ibe houses and 
vehicles were owned by ids 
firm or fey friends; and that he 
bad no tank accounts, stocks ; 
or assets of any kind. 

He published four books: 
McCarthy, A Foolfor a Client , 
The Answer to Tail Gunner 
Joe and How to Stand Up for 
your Rights - and Win. At the 
time of his death, he was 
working on his memoirs. 

He was unmarried, and in 
feet homosexual, though he 
denied h and treated it as a 
communist smear. Whatever 
his faults, he had intelligence 

nists and hiding sexual devi- 
ants, Cohn was forced to 
resign by a 4-3 vote of the sub- 

As a memento ofhis.service 
to 'McCarthy be always kept 

decade of his life he became’ 
quite a social Hon in New 
York. He also had courage, 
which showed in his determi- 
nation to' keep going durixMc . 
his final illness. 


Mr Alun Roderick .Ed- 
wards, a leading figure in foe 
cultural life of Wales, died on 
July imaged 66 . 

From 19-50 to 1974 he was 
librarian of the Ceredigion 
Library, and from 1974 to 
1980 foe first librarian of 

a director of the company 
until his death. In 1967 the 
University 0 f Wales made 
him an honorary MA. 

He leaves a widow and throe 

Herr Henryk Kefsch, the 
formersecretary-general of the 
East German ' PEN Centre, 
died recently in East. Berlin. 
He was 71 

Bora in the Rhineland! be 
went in 1 933 to France, where 
he studied literature and the- 
atre history. 

■ AftfVte feH- of France. be 


jPj^J^^w.nowoneof 1944, manUgin £ bjS? £ 

tej* BaofiB “ nd 

He settled in East Berim ui 

He served on the Bountillon 
Committee which determined 
the status of library services in 
the United Kingdom, and was 
foe first Fellow of the College 
of pbrarianship Wales, an 
institution -which owed its 

It was also through his 
vision to the Welsh Books 
Corned, was .set up, and the 
scope of. Welsh . publishing 

focn _ — ■ — ui, 

carrying on an active 
career as an author and televi- 
sion script writer. 

Sir Kdth 

consequently much exteadedT dire^rSd 
He vras a member of the chairman of a?«K dc ? uty 
consortium which gained the CorooraS^Jl . Ani , encan 

- |£ 


ant Freud 

**— ral 

» ion 





If m*. 

*ticv af-A** 

. ^\ vuV. u ;': arfr 

lj,,7 ‘' v u* • 

• oft!,; i, r > Tin 

;”Vh an 

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• *^hca A ; *-*r < X. f !>*; 



»m i 1 ,! >c ufi ^ Ws e¥ ®Ia- 

as fvnr . '"iVS* t>o*ary spin- Indeed, watching 
ill Vnv "“ ■'* C* flfefeaiwl* panfre® a gwat j 
T il' " ;:1 «tA ffioisetoa.tandigofln^oile 1 
si L« ' “ i3 ? : was first reminded of EiT.aad 

.7 S tfiOT RS^iie Benawtj; - ; 

• *Hnw , . 1 .. Il ^r^hiradred nii^s offtbe 

vvm Cl t' : ' Wt, tti^e pneartfaly;-, .. r . w jj^nfe -Tiirowir op from. the 

'L 5f ” «-r,.,r Mj Silodr '.-W: Wh Wn 

was»,.... ^ ijfes of, dried lav* - offer a 


Unlike P&riffor New York, London 
has -no such- thing as atheatrical- 
' Season. Its public enjoys a non-stop. . 
round of new shows, and its 
reviewers - suffer - an- Unrelenting ■ 
avalanche 7 of ‘ publicity ' hand-outs. - 
that grow thicker and thicker with. 7 
every increase in the postal rates. 

There are." however, : certain 
times of .year wften'-the pace' slows ' 
down and novelties accumulate in ' 
the pipeline awaiting., a. more 
propitious .moment we are now . 
approaching, one such time, when' 
the .iiourisi tseason is' passing its:; 
peak^school fiolidaysare deleting. ■ 
the local audience and reviewers; 
start' nervously scanning the hoi;:' 
rizonforfar-ftong summer festivals 
or: some other escape :fhxro the 
desert of Si Martin's Lane. Looking; 
back, over August openings in the * 
West End since 1982, there was an 
average of .three a year (and some- : 
of those were limited runs orano*- ' 
man shows). Against .'that back-- 
gronwt the tin&rUp offprodnetioni- 
moving - into Central, f London- 
aroiind this time & an- extraor-'-- 
tfinary aberration. ■■ •*. . ' c 

London theatre is apt to hibernate in summer but, against the odds, 
this year brings a confident finny of activity: Irving Wardle reports . 

MtalitycGiHies floodingback 

In no particular^ order, they Triumph-Apoflo. has several an- American factor. Along with every bouse. Managements have be 
include' the launcHing of John swers to .than He has been hying other department of British tour- behaving like entrepreneurs ag 
Dexter's Phoenix Theatre season fqr 10 years to get Jack Lemmon on . ism. the theatre has been hard hit and whether they flop (as with ( 
.with The Cochar(i^tfy;jaown%ibe. to a London stage, and any OTJeiH by the aftermath of .the Libyan Puccim\ win esteem (as with 
Phpenix; transfers; of. Wonderful play (witness: Triumph-Apollo’s .bombing. -The .figures -.are not - Sons of Cain) or hit th£ jackpoi 
Town/ and 4hnie.Gei~ Yoiu; .Gun, Strange Interlude) vtftt exhaust its.-. - -published, but .everyone .1 have .^with- Lenaf Me a Tenor) they 
rniwat the AJd.wybh; andfrjfi West. public. .within.* 19 weeks^ also,- . .spoken to agrees that it has been a resuming life as an indepenc 
7 “d.'.debuts af.paye-'Etunaway jn attempts are afoot to rehouse Miss- - .rough time, ^wiih ..some : shows . .force.* 
^(^ettul'BravozndSndkljem Redgrave elsewhere: ■ taking barely half what they were 

in tong Day’s Journey Into, Might* . . Ac w rh> nff.neat WrE of making a year ago. However, not . . It may be that the impressioi 
Three qf ftac are brought mt^; fliS I&omikSSSb. (here b- only h» every . Wea End home viialfiy ' is jartly an illus 
theTnumph-Apollo- management.' nomvsterv Th^vsimolv haooeued managed to stay open (unlike the brought on by the slump 
which has imetftiUy foreclosed on t0 ° bTSabll SncariaSii- halfSkened Broadway) but - attendance. If productions 
Vanessa Redgrave^ boomingiiay- may . ^ down . but *. jf w even discounting the rising tide of closing right and left, managemi 

market season to make room fon attr ^ cl tbat bere musicals - there has been a sense, art obliged' to plug the gap wii 
Mr ; Lefmnoft; : Whatever-- the wnh-Dunawav andLcmman.-'then of returning .vitality.-.and- not only. ; WowSnovL But. by hook or 
contractual obligations, te seems: the -W(*a .Pnd waiiv-is- m a h tfd ' with low-risk transfers. There bas _ crook,; the gap has -been plug 

^a-bbldmove on: behalf Of ia show JSJ “ - - been inyestment in buildhj8S.-like. and better a Wow Show than st 

'■which is ■only, here for K) we&$in y% ' v. t ; • : . v •: ■ . .- - the refurbished Whitehall and .the . . .timid : middlebrow . . tmportai 

rouftto Israel. Duncan Weldon, of The real -mystery, lies in the Northumberland Avenue Play- - from; the Home- Counties circ 

American factor. Along with every 
other ctepartment of British tour- 
ism. the theatre has been hard hit 
by the aftermath of .the Libyan 
bombing. -The .figures .are not 
-published, -but' .everyone I have . 
spoken to agrees that it has been a 
Tough time, ^ wiih ..some : shows 
taking barely half what -they were 
making, a year ago. However, not . 
only has -every. West End house 
managed to stay open - (unlike the 
half-darkened Broadway) but — 

even discounting the rising tide of 
musicals - there has been a sense, 
ofretuming .vitality. -and. not only. 

; with low-risk transfers; There -has- 
been inyestment in buildings, like 
the refurbished Whitehall and .the 
Northumberland Avenue Play 1 ' 

bouse. Managements have begun 
behaving like entrepreneurs again; 
and whether they flop (as with Cafe 
Puccim\ win esteem (as with rte 
Sons of Cain) or hit the jackpot (as 
. yaih- Lend Me a Tenor) they are 
resuming life as an independent 
.force.' .... • ... 

. It may be that the impression of 
vitality '. is 1 partly an illusion, 
brought on by the slump in 
attendance. If productions are 
dosing right and left, managements 
are. obliged' to plug the gap with a 
Wow .SnovL But. by hook or by 
. crook,; the gap has -been plugged;, 
and better a Wow Show than some 
..timid: middlebrow- .importation 
from; the Home- Counties circuit 

As it is always supposed to be crisis 
time in the West End. its perfor- 
mance during the real crisis of the 
past three months warrants a 
jnodest cheer. 

- . All kinds of rumours _festen on to 
. individualshows. Touts are alleged 
: ' lobe having difficulty in unloading 
■ iickeis for (Chess: whereas the box- 
office for Les Miserabies is said to 
have rocketed in the wake of the 
-- Numb-Hall debacle. But, for good 
or ill, both productions nave 
survived without the help of the 
party-bookers from Ohio. Accord- 
. . ing to Bob Swash, "the underlying 
trend in West End theatre atten- 
dances for the last three years has 
been - and is ~ sthadfly upwards, 
with more first-time theatre-goers 
than ever before". As president of 
West End Theatre, perhaps Mr 
Swash could hardly say anything 
else. True or not, his colleagues 
. have been acting as if it is, and their 
August programme amounts to a 
.- . vote of confidence in a 'supposedly 
moribund kingdom, rumours of 
whose collapse may prove to have 
' been greatly exaggerated. 

w»v • ’...j y t. f flWr lava oozing from the 
[ up and ■* k N liP'i great redoing.) 

urn ot t : \ y Nd,attpi on; 

. ,hf ■ ."“Jsa tig. . shoreline after*, it. • . rafts fttnnTaoama: 

he siatL - . ^ After k thousaUd-mfle journey, 

h» . ., lTyin . they were faced by the pnw^- 
mote * n '*Ta p^ttofiw food and, worse^tJB, 

•mifuat:,. . (i ., *9 fcj ^Snatfi. tOne poor tortoise, 

vcntiaK - .'l ^ thi^taly one left on his island 

me r*H ( ■ V ^ gl«wiy;.is known as Lonesome 

huol. w> ‘-.-r, •• ,7 l0! t, ^i(g4>=. >lo. wonder -..they 
J«. Lgnn:r.v- . |K ^ q>«teedL : shgpei; ■ colonr. and, 
■^1-t v . : % new: 

tumid no: ‘ ; ,:X " 

onicm is X'is.. , 7- Michael Hordern^ coni- • 
;n Kva! pr. - . v. . r B*rteiitary took ib on a pleasant 
arc bring » 1 fc meander through much indui- 
ctutH'r tn’ s : , 1 "‘*** gent hot bea ntifally-framcd 

pav up or 2 . :;a R footage. jCverything Was enga- 

lf n i« ^.j* 1 gingly sileot, fearless of man 
tTilena tor - - X and 81 8 s* 0 " h 8 ** 

then wr sh.:' , 7 " T ^ - *s if these griping' admires 
tOt liKjlrvr - ShfcS^MshslWJBlJfc. 

twill the V: wateWogwrenther foag-Test 

bmiU nr J attfeh.- ;-.T-. •; : . : •*: *.;? 

titmal v,. 7 . 75 According to The Real 

mow iu; World (TVS), Wenowhaveotir 

Ion. gi\i- t;. . -i ,.y best chancd of making contact 
wt*i» a^ n'.v- • wfth ETI — Extra Terresfial 

nothr o« Intelligence. The programme 

wheeled on a lot of Americans 
r»j ?■ ' t -^eryone:a professor —who : 

run - ■■ - .‘3 arift&Tfiie possibility ri^fhere 

ito*aJv— • .. ' ledSt-3t^dOO‘ptene«X 

*.i * v ,-V,X * .. 7; ."~ T twthcohditidas for lfftf. Cftte- 

hjM.”'- ‘ X ^Concerited that We 

.. - should reach some agreed 

n ; ~ nfeans of dealing with Em 

i.,. 7 ; whfen it manifests itsett, even ' 

r suggested the granting ofdip- 
' ‘ :: lomatk --immirolty : ' and- 

■ prWld^; 

m-rV.w- ■ - ■ iy'witist this -inttresting 
' '* 7 . ' v ~" pblemitfdown woe the dossy,- 

If H o | 
triicna :.!t 
then wr sh.T 
Kw liKai e \. ; 
Iwih (hr 


lamiiv ar.J 

iiunal eftii:: 





»ri! m.v 


Bi'luT i'! 



r*iahh-.r .r: 


run :=< 


Art a ^;;r- . . 



*.» v : ’*r 4 
Iha! Nih v 
.?n »"• 

t.h n “ ? ./ . 

.‘J . 1 *’* r. -. 

a?v-: '. 

t'r:-; •- 

|M:r r ! 

" : 7 5 ":;' r ;: r : ice." The result gave -an im: 
i. i : ;r ' pression more of a regional 

u - i ' ; ' 7 : opiHMrtfliMaprdgiaimne.that 

n»€ir t; rr* . • - : h : ^ boldly -going where -no 

l ' if , ,} ;t_;r rr ‘' : ' ’ maa had gone before- A ppar- 
epfij the raqst fikely way ETI 
t,n • wjp ®afire;aho ’;jK isthrqn^t : 

telemi% ; -^bier- 

\. = ■- iogly^tb^ %st-BMges pf oar: 

/,r • ‘ rivflii^i® «>w bring- 

„ received in the vicinity ®f the 
u - siv Zita HercnBs ; show 

Vfilfw Kin^tOD Hoghie Green in Opportunity 
UJtS nll^ lvu Knocks. One- can- only hope- 

— . — — that whoever isoot there does 

t not .switeteoff their set. jit js. 

^ n g-% ty P 0B ^ :5» y«re.Mm* they get : 

> vNichotas 

^ T w-h r* Z Shakespeare. 

“Luckily I prefer, to live is the 
present, not in the past", says 
Trevor PinnocIL The remade 
is, on the surfiice at feast, 
rather odd. For is this not ihe. 
manwho,ifn 0 t keen raliveinC 
thepast himself, is makingran: 
excellent living because many 
rausic-rloyers apparentiy.'waht 
to do., just : that? And: is' 
Pinnock's business hot on tbr. 
crest of a . wave? His orchestra 
of “original" baroque in- 
struments; the .English Con- 
cert. made a highly successful . 
American, - tour . earlier this 
year; they have, just .piayied at : 
ther Royal . Wedding and to-:.- 
morrow .he/wift : irad.ihenu- 
ih rough. Thfc xrtuhiferous. gteh- 
ries o£ Handeps Jkrtombn. at . 
the Proms. 

Meanwhile his long-term 
recording projects with Deut- 
sche Graromophon. both as a 
harpsichordist and as a direc- 
tor, xontinue to scythe a 
profitable "path through the 
ttfigor ISth-ceAtuiy repertoire: 
VfVricfi concertos dife 4hc m iwt 
recent off the presses: ■ Away' 
from the - English GOdcett; . 
moreover.- a “conventional" 
conducting career is beckon- 
ing whenever Pinnock choo- 
ses to respond. Already his 
diary includes engagements: 
with the LSO and ibe Boston 
Symphony.: Orchestra;^ .lfis 
conducting' itebut- rat— the- 
Metropolitan :Opera : itf : New: 
York is two years away.. -If 
Pinnock ends up as a mil-' 
lionaire he would not be the 
first produced fay the burgeon- 
ing “authenticity" business, 
once written off as a coltish 

Trevor Pinnock (right), 
who directs Handel's 
- massive Solomon at 
tomorrow's Prom, is a far 
more versatile and open- 
minded miisidan than . : 
. the 'period' ima§e mi^ir 
.-svggraticinteFview by- : 

~ Richard Morrison ; 

A vital 

to grasp 
the past 


ip Inc 

. ~Buf Pinhbck was not refer-'. 

past, nr^ely fo memorieg- fae 
would now rather suppressi on 
' trying to scrape a living as a 
harpsichordist after- leaving 
the Royal College of Music in 
1969. The musirel cfimate.was 

•.>* _ ./ | . 

Bournemouth SO/ 

Albert Hall/Radio 3 

Striven sky tatex ca me ip coch - 
siderhis origiiial orchestration: 
of. The Firebird 
“-tastefully ' large": bdt, heard . 
in its full resources asit was ar : 
the' Boumeraoirth Symphony - 

the !Vf-> 


m : f ' ; ” 

t*! *F* ’ r ' ‘ 


ok- UI^ : 


I a ' 

til f ,r . . 

im A--- * 


*.* ’ 

I it. 

phr If/ 

me < 

1* •** 
net t**'- 9 


• k 



* 4 • 

4 - " : - 
V .*- •' " 

. •> 1 
i . 






: :02;r'' HE.-VISC : ' SUNDAY Ti.V: 3 





■more hosbBe~theri"1o the'few- 
: players interested -fit picftieefe 
;ing period instruments; Pin-. 

1 nock admits fie aeaiiy aban-: 
doned the experiments in 
fitvour of a “safer” musical 
career. Few could see any 
future m what he was doing. 

“At the College I had 
wanted to give up- the organ 
and concentrate exclusively- 

-od harpsichord, buL they" 

, threatened eke a Way- i myf 
sefaftflafship. -The^tolif'Afr-it 
was ridiasfous to think.looufeF 
make a living out of playing 
the • harpsichord. What 1 
should really do was become a 
cathedra] organist- Of course, 
that simply made . me - more 
determined *9 give ' up.-the: 
;cs®n; know- bt^j't iisr 

. when you are ahput.IS^ 

; -Pionopk formed Jtlie <3al~ 
-liard Trio flaufisf 

Anthony Ploth) and b^jan to 
explore an almost unlmown 
baroque repertoire. But the 
masses were converted only, 
slowly, “r can remiember: 

■ .. -.ii. • 

Orchestra V Promenade- Coit: 
cert on Sriurtlay night, the 
wealth of instrumental detail * 
is one element that makes the 
complete ballet so much 
worth hearing as music alone 
Rudolf Barshai’s conducting: 
was invigorating fty the pulse - 
asi. Veil . fis. attentive the . 
Shadjn^. : l" Ti';. ' - ’ : . y’; -' ~ 

■ Oiiiy. ^the. death of tbe-H>-. 
■fernaJ Kashchey, when the ^g- 

con tain ing his soul is dashed 
to the ground, was less vivid 
than it should be, and even at 
those moments when a mi- 
metic dialogue is implied- (as 
when .Ivan: Tsarevich is- ar-A 
raigned-'twfonr I&shdiey) tfair 
performance otherwise, gen-, 
erated a compeifi bg cSutacter. 7 
A.fiill complement of : ofistageV 
brass :betp«l to give added - 
perspective, and the con- 
ductor's choice of tempi, 
particularly in" the two main 
dances of the Princesses, was 
unusually well pointed. 

He likewise made aeontrast ; 
between u^geticy -and-' 1 Vital!-! 
mdod^jamtihg iiivTchaakoy-i 
sky's rather? Piano Concerto, . 
Nd.2 In G, itself more' often ^ 
heanl in ballet performance 7 
on both sides of the Atlantic 
(Balanchine's Ballet Imperial) 
than in its true concert 
magnificence. However, this 
year’s Promen aders- will be 
lucky to::' hear*: a I'more : 
commancfing display of key- : - 
bcard ; 'hravaifi tJianT Petri - -. •' 
DonohOe brought toil on this 
occasion.' ' 

With itfr exceptional de-r 
mands on the soloist (one 
cadenza among several is 
more than seven pages long), 
the concerto - is exhilarating., 
throughout; £ven the mutnate ; 
slqV .niovement, where. ih^; 
sold victim anef. cello from the '. 
orchestra jwerei seated in close.' 
consort with, the pianist for. • 
better balance, : and; .were . 
beautifully-played-as well, was 1 

becoming desperate .for work. 
To earn money I uSril to teach - 
the piano in schools, and fit in 
-harpsichord .practice"wbere~I: 
corid. But that sort of struggle - 
is quite common ter. mu- 
sicians leaving college." 

The tentative exploration of 
“authentic" instrumental tim- 
bres, did not begin immedi- 
ately ib e_ Gall lard Trio only. 
dahWedra Tfittte jbwds.ihe. 
iend ofi&Tlfi^.m^ TtVas - ! 

! wfiefr. J^nriodt' . founded"; the! 
English’Cohceri. the next year! 
that period instruments Were 
adopted, seriously. “Some of 
the instruments the players 
used then were pretty awful 
old . boxes, too." But . .they 
.persevered "because- titey,. fefic 
: tfeey ;WriSr:on.- Jo-«HnrifiiHg 
■important. “You see’ 1 , says-: 
7 Pinnock, “as I saw it then, an^ 
orchestra like the AcadenryTOf- 
!-St Marlin was producing the - 
highest level- of performances 
os modern instruments. 
Really there was nowhere else 
for it to go, either to get better 
or to get nearer theoomposer’s : 

intentions." So Pinnock and 
fiisr Colleagues (principally the 
violinist Simon Standage). der. 
cided to. follqw-^tfie lead of; 
continenial.~ pioneers' Tike 
Nikolaus Harnoncourt and 
Gustav Leonhard! 

“I am not sure 1 would want 
to go back and do all that 
exploration again, because the 
instruments, didn't give. up. 
their secrets easily. Sometimes; 
wejtaff tiie diss^ri^kndwr-' 
edge that :.W:Qwild. produce: 
m ocesati sfyi ng. i ndeed better, 
performances' on our con^ 
ventionai modern instru- 
ments, yet we also knew we 
had to persevere with the old 
ones to try and find some- 
thing." Apd* of course; they 
eucoimicre^..-fpuch ; segrp ,hh-. 
tire early -H70s. : with- -critics- 
being particularly tough on- 
intonation lapses. “Yes, it is 
rather amusing that ihe critic 
cal consensus las changed so 
much! But a lot of that eariy 
criticism was justified; one 
must always produce a 

. . j • __ - - . 

never iess than beguiling. Tfae : 
Bournemouth : visitors : re- 
sponded to the work’s chal- 
lenge with an urgency of spirit 
and an assurance of ensemble 
that achieved, a rewarding 
partnership with the pianist as’a <xratesu_ ^ ; 7-7!.- 

Noel Goodwm ; 

BBC Singers/ .1 

St Luke’s, Chelsea/ - 
Radio 3 . _ - 

Friday night's late -evening- 
choral Prom offered new 
works-bytwo English compos- 
ers, John' Casken and Giles: 
Swayne, who are just about as 
unalike as the -two Austrians, 
Bruckner and Wolf, who sur- 
rounded them -in the' pro- 
gramme;- : Swayne -; is' -, well 
established as a-cqmppser fbr :■ 
chorus -in- litnrgical music mid- 
in.- fiis . creation myth Cry, 
written for' tHe 7BElC7Singris. _ 
Casken, ontheoiberhand, has ' 
so far concentrated more on 
instrumental pieces. 

Perhaps his To. Fields We 
Have Not Known should be ■ 
heard- as a : fivfr-moyement 
choral sonata! using voices as' 
wind iusirumenkiowashK of 
tope._ The wp/tis, from Basil 
Bunting. .. Bede and- . Pound 
(translating The Seafarer), ^ 
generally dissolved, leaving 
behind them only the excuse 
for a sense of place, a sense of 
the wide emptiness: of the" 
Northumbrian coast! Occ&- : 
sionatiy the place is !not too : 
well distinguished from the 
Orkney of Mfexwell Davies, V 
particularly as. revealed iu his' ' 
West&Iings, but the “motet- ' 
canon -with douds" of the 

■J. •• -a . 

fourth'- movement is , very: 
beautiful and might con-, 
cei vafily stand as an anthem in 
its own right 

With Swayne’s Missa 
Tiburtina we are much more 
definitely • in- the “world of - 
church-music, notwithstand^- 
ing the African "borrowings," 
which- might -even seem-dr 
. rigupur to those who remem- 
ber such things as the Missa 
~ Luba. Sadly I cannot think 
Swayne adds much to that 
achievement apart from some 
Glass-type repetitive glow, 
and some radiant harmony 
that had -the -BBC - Singers 
malting a splendid noise, as 
ttieji (fid -in Bruckner and the 
after-all quite Brucknerian 
WolFoFthe Eicbendorff sacred 
songs. Swayne’s title, by the 
way, is to indicate that this is a 
Tiber mass, although it is 
perhaps the Rubicon that this 
quixotic composer should be - 
thinking about crossing. 

:;PaHt Griffiths 7 

Sinfonia/ ' 


Albert Hail/Radio3. 

Our-fif-town orchestras 'were 
featured at two Promenade. 
'Concerts at the weekend. On 
Friday night it was the turn of 
the Northern Sinfonia from 
Newcastle upon Tyne with 
two -conductors: Wilfried 
Boettcher in his first, appear- 
ance as their principal guest 
conductor, and the composer 
George . .Benjamin- tp- takp . 
charge of his own work^ A : 
Mina qf Winter . ; with; Teresa 
Cahill the soprano soloist as 

. that Pinnock b as done 
exactly this is attested by the 
English Concert's survival and 
.current pre-eminence in a. 
field where so many en- 
sembles _ with picturesque 
-names-have shone briefly and 
7 isplaintoapyone , 
who meets him ihai.-Pionock ; 

- is a perfectionist, .steeped; in 
. no-excuses-accepted profess- 
ional performing traditions 
since his childhood (he was a 
treble in the Canterbury 
Cathedral choir), and as well 
organized when “fixing" a 
concert as be is fleshing out &. 
Bach or Handel figuted bass-in. 

. bte charaicieristically.' .rich. 
"chordal style. -Indeed, it is; 
hard not -to - see an analogy 
between his manner of sprech * 
— .precise, rarely impulsive, 
given to considered, almost 
essay-like answers — and the 
an of a harpsichordist leading 
an ensemble, who must also 
think'out every ornament and' 
prepare every^ -continue ; »r 
'alization in advance. I 

Yet Pinnock has his un- 
expected side.- He enthuses': 
about jazz, and finds'frequent 
comparisons between a ba- 
roque ensemble and a jazz 
band — how both use “con- 
tin uo" sections, for instance, 
or how the players, in- each.' 
discipline cultivate .similarly 
telepathic abilittes t^imaptei.. 
written rhythms flexibly yet 
unanimously. His . liking for 
brass bands is another slightly 
surprising revelation, though 
it does ring true when one 
remembers the immensely 
vigorous accounts of Handel's, 
big. scores .which Pinnock has : 
pr^idCcL'ovefpt repent - years,; 

’ Bur- thetrPinhock’S -view: of 
Handel is refreshingly direct, 
.for all his scholarly.. concerns. 
?If Handel w^^ye;tbda£J 
expect fie would have had at 
least three musicals runningin 
the West End. He was a 
showman performer, going for 
a large pubjic." . 

she was at its Aldeburgh 
FesffvaTprerni&e in 1 98.1 . 

This short setting of wintry 
verses by the American Wal- 
lace Stevens is distinguished 
by the precise and poetically 
calculated- instrumental ef- 
fects, particularly matters of 
dividedsixj hg!textuxes, varied 
tone' : colours:; and minutely 
shaded -dynamics/ Ii is . a 
.delicate and- fascinating 
mood-picture to an extent 
that, if some instrumental 
lines can be beard at all they 
must perhaps be too loud. 

. If lhat wasa problem for the 
players, it-was not apparent in 
the. assured; artel -carefully' di- 
rected performance. Tbe so- 
prano sounded more at ease in 
this' workS? finwlrawn Vocal 
line than in Mozart's ebneert , 
aria “Non temer, amato 
bene", KiOS, where the' top 
and bottom of the wide range 
required ofher was not always 
firmly in focus. Moreover; 
although . the. introductory 
recitative was colourfully 
sung. . the rondo, aria itself 
lacked contrast- . of' pace and" 
emotional fervour. ' 

Its keyboard element was 
neatly contributed by Imogen 
Cooper, who then went on to' 
give a performance of the C 
major Piano Concerto, K4I5 r 
that was, notable for its un- 
ruffled- grace, of line,, clean 
articulation of the fastest: fin-' 
geiupassages, and the krad of 
styush - phrasing _ that ~ could 
turo even the quiet, ending, 
unusual in Mozart, into an 
exquisite delight Mr Boet- 
tcher was on ' the whole con- 
tent to keep his view of 
Mozart small in scale and 
modest in dynamics, with foe 
result that the . D - major 
“Paris" - Symphony, K297, ; 
sounded ; only - a - charimhg 
confection-. . 


■ . y-: > *;*y- 


-Rain-forest denizens break cover into the daylight 


Forest murmers 

Deadwood ; 

Kew Gardens 

Nobody wants to rape the rain 
forests nowadays, unless he 
happens to be foe . Mahogany 
King - of.:Manabi So the- 
Outdoor- entertainment. . ties, 
vised by Hilary .Westlake of 

ants parade, -sloths hang .up- 
side down, an armadillo roots' 
for ants. Myra Heller, playing 
this last-named creature, ev-. 
idently studied its behaviour, 
closely because the move- 
ments and her intenmess are 
entirely convincing. 

Something of the eerie rich-, 
ness of foe rain forest comes 

'Lumtere a^&m foTthe ^ during jhis amble^j 
Waterman’s 'Arts Centre' af 

‘Brentford was watched by an * ^L 0n ^i 

audience ■ already convinced Sjf?’ 
that loggers who reduce a that looks like a tnffid are left; 
hardwood tree to chips in 60 *-° ** themselves, un-.. 

seconds are bad news for by armmentaiy^ ' 

Island Earth. ' _ The_ words wreck the good. 

- . . . : - intentions of the piece almost’ 

— -Ar- hundred- -yards— inside from - s tart to—fimsh^ David- 
Kew Gardens, ■ beside the Gale is credited with dialogue 
homeJybrandjesofan English -and lyrics and, -presumably, 
-Oakr 1,200 -people ^spread must shoulder die blame. OF 

themselves on foe ground to 
eat foeir environmentally- 
consrious picnics. Andean 
musicians produced exotically 
woody sounds, from long 
flutes. Some may have played 
the chajchas, which are said to 

some night creatures, a 
sprightly “explorer" in her 
straw hat quips “To you they 
may look like something 
flighty in a nightie, but in truth 
they're a bunch of fun guys". 

The tone, as arch as any- 

be mad&.-of llama and ^heep > thing in the notorious Disney 

hpovhs twisted together.-. • 

As the dusk deepened; 

nature films, obliterates any 
sense of the wonder of wildlife 
and the respect we are being 

Eanhlife Volunteers led us asked to feel for alien forms, 
along a meandering course Affected alliteration and pon- 

through Berberis Dell and 
Pagoda Vista, between drifts 
of smoke, mists of wafting 
perfume and innumerable 
lights placed among the trees 
arid bushes, to attract our eyes 
to ram-forest denizens lurking 
there; Toucans peer, soldier 

derous puns bombard the 
brain and muck up the mes- 
sage. I will never know why we 
were invited to. keep awesome 
wells at bay with our citizens' 
canes. ' 

Jeremy Kingston 


Other music in London 

-MOWyOt «■ DQND0N wca j - 
■ BOX OfBQE.qi-836 «660 j 4 

. 01-8364?«'.tn«6a90 L 

KfUZSTGlU. ", ■ CrcduCiid Hottaie 

f0VJ40y200 ; 02“74l- 9999 . 

Banownma- SftBortMgttf- 

ftfr **- 

EndellioH Quartet 

EHjabeth Hall^ ■ 

One of the most’ attractive 
projects of the current South 
Bank Summerscope series is a 
three^redtal survey of the 
20fo.-«ertiury string quartet In 
foe first of these recitals, the 
Endeilion • Quartet. ! playing . 
woVks by :Betj. Bartok, -We-: - 
bern " .and- . Brftteir ; (a - meaty 
selection :if there fiyer was), 
showed! foemselves able ; to 
switch style to. 
another without sacrificing 
one iota of commitment. It 

was a remarkable and gratify: 
ing display. 

Commitment though; "is a 
prerequisite if you are simply 
taget through Bartdk's Third 
Quartet -a work winch looks 
towards the arched structures 
of its two successors, even 
though its coda, a varied 
repeat of its second section, 
makes it. lop-sided. But this 
was a reading both gritty and 
lyrical and one that seemed to 
highlight symmetries wifoin 
symmetries. . 

Berg’s Lyric Suite , dedi- 
cated to. and famously quot- 
ing, Zemlinsky. demands an 

altogether more .spacious, 

■ riper, approach, and duly.-re^ . 
ceived it, although at times the 
Endeilion mi^il have lavished 
a greater . variety of colouf 
upon their playing. But each - 
player seemed well . aware of 
•the entire, complex texture, 
not just of .his own ro.le- 
' Webern’s Five Movements!, 

• Op .5^ . are . not so very for 
removed from this sound 
world; .more concise, . more 
. deliberate- in gesture, 7 of . 
- courspi but the. composer, had 
yet -to achieve foe : poetically 
concentrated idiom of his later ■ 
music. The poise with which 
the Endeilion gave this work. 

the subtlety of their shadings; 
whetted • one’s appetite jqr 
something like the Quartet 
Op 28. or the .Trio, Opi 20. ; - 

We did, not get these,' bur 
were instead; diverted to the 
autumnal wdrid of Britten's 
Third Quartet, with its 
Mahlerian and Shostakovich- 
like allusions; its spare nostal- 
gia and hs tdtimate, rather 
beatific sense of resignation. 
NO nereis here, though, for 
jfois was another .^fiendid 
reacting, and a very touching 
one. ‘ ; 

Stephen Pettitt 


■§ 0 O^ . 



Gainsborough set to share the limelight 

>iT: - j- * • d 

- jfif. 

?* Sp&f* §f& -• ** 


* '/* ‘ 


"“ ' ' . . ' . • 

■ V ' ■■ ■ •••’ 



•: — v l Jfifi^"r V 

..: :: :.• .. . 

Letter from Hall County 

Wilting in the 
southern sun 

. - ‘ ‘ 


:f^‘f -W* 

&. ♦'«*“*** 


** k 

.S IP 

tv- - 

The national memorial to Gainsborough, sculpted by Bertram MackennaJ in 1913, standing on Market Hill, Sudbury, left 
Gainsborough's painting of St Mary’s Church, Hadleigh, (c 1747), top. The church as it is today, below. 

Summit leaders raise 
hopes of compromise 

Five dead in Namibia 
market bomb blast 

Continued from page 1 

of apartheid since the heads of 
government meeting in Nas- 
sau last October. He said that 
consideration of what further 
measures should be taken will 
take place today and added: 

"Today was not a day for 
startling conclusions.” 

British officials said that in 
their bilateral meetings with 
Mrs Thatcher the Common- 
wealth leaders had not been 
pressing the case for all-out 
economic sanctions, to which 
they know she is opposed. 
That in itself is regarded as 

something of a victory for the 
Prime Minister. 

In all her talks she empha- 
sized that she was anxious to 
listen to their views. She 
hoped they would be 
approaching the meeting in a 
calm and restrained manner. 

British officials also pointed 
out that the idea of co- 
ordination outside the 
Commonwealth was part of 
the Nassau declaration. After 
their first session last night. 
Commonwealth leaders dined 
with the Queen at Bucking- 
ham Palace. 

Continued from page 1 

operating as far south as 
Walvis Bay. 

In the other explosion, near 
Muizenberg. south of Cape 
Town, a limpet mine exploded 
in a liner-bin attached to a 
traffic "stop” sign outside a 
post office, slightly injuring 
the hand of the white 

Meanwhile, the Govern- 
ment appears to have re- 
scinded a recently-announced 
reform of the Group Areas 
Act. which allowed, or seemed 
I to allow, black students 
1 attending universities in white 
areas to live in residences on 

campus without having to 
apply for a special permit to 
do so. 

Now, however, the Govern- 
ment has announced that, 
because of a “clerical error.” 
the notice to this effect pub- 
lished in the Government Ga- 
zette in June omitted to 
stipulate that the exemption 
only applied for the purpose of 
“daily attending academic 
lectures”, and not to residence 
on campus. 

• Police wounded: Two 
policemen were seriously 
wounded in-an ambush in the 
black township of Siyalemba, - 
east of Johannesburg, r\p 

A drive is on in East Anglia 
to give Thomas Gainsborough, 
die artist, a greater share or 
the limelight long dominated 
by his neighbour, John Con- 
stable, English land- 

scape painters. 

Tourism and interest in the 
area’s arts are also to be 
boosted following a recent 
report by two private consul- 
tants, which recommended a 
shake-up and expansion at 
Gainsborough's House in 

A £300,000 appeal, beaded 
by Sir Hugh Casson, former 
president of the Royal Acad- 
emy, has been launched to 
improve the gallery for tbe 
crowds of visitors expected for 
the- bicentennial of the artist’s 
death in 1988. 

At the same time, “Gains- 
borough and Constable 
Country” will be marketed — 
and won't just concentrate on 
Constable. The areas are ad- 
jacent to each other on the 
Snffolk-Essex border, but vis- 
itors have flocked to 
Constable’s Dedham Vale, 
with its attractions such as. 
Flatford Mill and Willy Lott’s 
House, while often m freeing 
Gainsborough’s House near 

Now the appeal hopes to 
change that. Gainsborough’s 
House, a Georgian budding In 
the centre of Sudbury, is the 
only important artist's birth- . 
place open to tbe public in the 
cotmhy. It is ran by a char- 
itable trust, the Gains- 

borough’s House Society, 
which has already identified a 
third of the cash needed. The, 
house contains more works by 
Gainsborough than any other 
gallery, many from his Suffolk 

Hie consultants, John and 
Ella Halkes, of the Newlyn 
Orion Gallery in Cornwall, 
were called zn earlier this year 
after a financial crisis which 
may have dosed the bouse but 
for the help of Suffolk County 

Their report says tbe house 
is now poised to become a key 
arts centre, in an area which 
badly needs one, and should 
gain national recognition for 
its “unique” quality. 

Mr Hugh Betsey, the cu- 
rator, is delighted with tbe 
report, even though expanded 
gall ery space wdl mean his 
taking outside accommoda- 
tion. “I am most heartened, 
and hope onr funding bodies, 
and the appeal, can now live up 
to the hope the report has for 
our potential,” he said. 

Sudbury m q 7 A 


Hadleigh ff 



t DedhamL^&K 

Tom Blacksiock lowered 
himself io the ground with a 
Jack of effort which belied ms 
74 years. He was a tall, white- 
haired man whose brown 
wrinkled neck peeped like 
that of a tortoise from his 
clean white shirt, but His huge 
hands were as powerful as 
those of anv voung nun. 

He sat beneath the broad- 
leafed Spanish oak and began 
to whittle with a well-worn 
pocket knife at one of its 
fallen twigs. The southern 
sun was hot, the huge neon 
thermometer on the bank in 
the nearby township read 97 

‘ His battered old straw hat 
afforded little protection, and 
he was glad of the excuse to 
take a break from the chore of 
fencing off the lumber land 
on his 9Q0-acre farm in Hah 
County to the north of 

“Course, there was 
That was a pretty bad year, 
yup. But this is the worst. 
Worst in my lifetime.” 
Slowly and methodically he 
whittled the slick entirely 

Alt around him the fields 
•were parched and brown. 
There had been a little rain in 
the days, before but only 
enough to spray an insubstan- 
tial haze of green across the 
withered pasture. H was — 
farmers, meterologists, 
politicans and agricultural 
historians agreed — the worst 
drought for more than a 
ceniurv in the southern states 
of the USA. 

On Tom Blackstock's farm 
rain has been in short supply 
for more than 12 months; 
only 20in of the normal 5bin 
have fallen. On top of that 
had come the record tem- 
peratures. For the past 26 
days the thermometers had 
not fallen below the mid- 
nineties. drying out die land 
almost entirely. 

So far 30 people have died 
from the heat. The governors 
of six of the southern states 
have asked Washington to 
declare the region a disaster 

Hundreds of thousands of 
chickens have suffocated in 
their sheds. Fish have died in 
their shrinking ponds and 
rivers. Ancient oak trees are 
withering. Crops have shriv- 

elled on such a scale that their 
loss to date is estimated at S2 
billion. E\en the grass is 
d> ing. depriv mg thousands of 
cattle of their fodder. 

The soil is baked so solid 
that cenielerx crews have, 
despite tight restrictions on 
. the use of water, been forced 
to pour the increasingly pre- 
cious liquid into the ground 
to make it soft enough io dig 
the graves. 

“Back in '25 there was an 
old man over the hill. As l 
remember it. he had some 20 
or 30 cattle. As the drought 
wen! on he sold 'em. one at a 
lime to bus fodder to feed the 
rest. End of that drought, he 
didn't has c but two of them 
left. Mi grandaddy who 
bought this farm jest after the 
Civ A War said them two had 
eaten all the others.” 

Sixty years later the process 
is repeating itself. Stockmen 
and state agriculture officials 
estimate that nine out of ten 
cattlemen are this week sell- 
ins. They have exhausted the 
pasture, they have used up all 
I he hay stored from last year, 
and they have produced none 
to get them through the 
winter months even if tbe 
cattle survive the rest of the 
dedicating summer. 

Some lit Lie relief is on hand 
from hay generously donated 
by farmers in the north and 
west, but the high cost of 
transport means that the 
amounts arriving are but a 

Toro Blacksiock is one of 
the lucky ones. In good years 
he sells Jia>. too. This year the 

hay meadows, normally cut 

three times, have yielded 
only a few inches. 

Beneath the old oak tree 
the old farmer sighed as he 
rose to his feel. "Gotta get 
.this fencing finished.” Until 
now he has .never needed to 
enclose his timber patch, but 
the point has came when 
even the litlle grass inside the 
wood will be needed for 

“It ain't quite the last 
option.” he said, ejecting a 
huge gob of tobacco spittle 
which began to evaporate in 
the broiling heat oven as he 
spoke. “But it's pretty darn 

Paul Vallely 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
The Duke of Edin- 
burgh, Admiral of the 
Royal Yacht Squadron, 
attends the Squadron 
Ball, the Castle, Cowes, 
Isle of Wight. 

The Duke of Kent, 
Patron of Kent County 
Cricket Club, opens the 
new stand. St Lawrence 
Cricket Ground, Canter- 
bury. 1 1 .30. 

New exhibitions 
Glass and Textiles by 40 
artists. Old Fire Station Arts 
Centre. 4iJ George St. Oxford; 
Mon to Fri 1 0 io 4 (ends Aug ,30) 
Incidentally... installation. 

video, sculpture, drawings and 
photographic work by various 
artists. City Museum, and Art 
Gallery, Foregate St, Worcester 
Mon io Wed and Fri 9.30 to 6. 
Sat 9.30 to 5 (ends Aug 25) 
Photographs by Peter Single- 
ton. Mid - Pennine Art Associ- 
ation Gallery, 2 Hammenon St, 
Burnley; Mon to Fri 9 to 5 (ends 
Aug 29) 

Exhibitions in progress 
Embroidery. Hereford Cathe- 
dral. St John SC Mon to Sat 10 
to 5. Sun 12.30 to 2.30 and 4.30 
to 6 (ends Aug 9) 

Kidderminster Charter Ex- 
hibition, Art Gallery, Market St. 
Kidderminster: Mon to Sat 1 1 to 
4. closed Wed, Sun and Aug 25 
and 26 (ends Sept 20) 

Last chance to see 

P is for Poodle: an installation 
by three Canadian artists, Scot- 
i tish National Gallery of Modern 

I he Times Crossword Puzzle No 17.115 

This puzzle was solved within 30 minutes by 53 per cent of the 
competitors in the 1986 London A regional filial of the Collins Dic- 
tionaries Times Crossword Championship. 


1 Peculiar personal im- 
pressions (12). 

9 Bring in a social worker — 
it's vital (9). 

10 Work force housed by an 
American lawyer (5). 

11 .A Pole's somewhat odd 
leaning (6). 

12 Deeply impressed, and seri- 
ous m consequence <$). 

13 Well-documented racial is- 
sue ( 61. 

15 A liking for bird-song (S). 

IS Keep making small change 
to book (S). 

19 Showing nous in sorting out 
agreement (6). 

21 There's nothing about the 
Man in Black being conviv- 
ial 151. 

23 Boy attending a musical 
presentation (6). 

26 Stand in comfort with 
driver (5). 

27 Work quietly or strain as 
appropriate ( Q ). 

28 Collecting rents, get mean 
maybe, causing antagonism 
( 12 ). 


1 Chance including equip- yV 

mem for a certain craft ( 7). Wll 

2 Some fine palaeolithic tools 

can be seen here (5). IlCXt 

3 Convertible put nearer cn- 

(rance (9). 

Concise crossword, Page 8 

4 Parking place for sport (4). 

5 Meant to get betrothed (8). 

6 The royal family possibly 
lour round hundreds (5). 

7 Left at six with an over- 
bearing set of people (8). 

8 He robs a mite and gets put j 
inside (6). 

14 Threatening to accom- 
plished players (8). 

16 Mass of people against the 
pursuit of game (9). 

17 a ne'er-do-well (4-4). 

18 Airmen ready for a hot 
drink (6). 

20 It’s most economical to take 
meals at home (7). 

22 .Maps a sailor must return 

24 Discerning a variety of ac- 
cent (5). 

25 Turn the page in error (4). 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,114 
will appear 
next Saturday 

Art, Bel ford Rd, Edinburgh; 10 
to 5. 

Your Tiny Hand: the history 
of gloves in England. Townelcy 
Hall, Todmorden Rd, Burnley; 
10 to 5.30. 


’ Concert by Bournemouth 
Symphony Orchestra; Winter 
Gardens. Bournemouth, 8. 
Talks and lectnres 
The Miller and his Mill, by 
Peter EHis. Lake District Na- 
tional Park Visitor Centre, 
Brockhole, Windemere, 1. 

The History of the North 
Coast sandhills, by Jon Mar- 
shall, Porlandoo Centre, 
Fortrush. 8. 


Paper Window Transpar- 
encies: recreating stained-glass 
design using paper for 10 to 14- 
years olds, the Commandery, 
Sidbury, Worcester. 10.30 to 12. 

Antique and Collectors' Fair; 
Town Hall. BakeweU, 10 to 5. 

The Week’s Walks 

Today: Hidden London ax the Old Gate, 
meet AMgate Underrjound. It; Tudor & 
Elizabethan London: “Rower ot Cfflas 
AH", meet Museum of London, Z3& The 
Famous Sherlock Holmes Detective Trail, 
meet Baker Stool Underorowid. 7 JO. 

Tomorrow: A London VUtage: Chelsea, 
meet Stoene Square Underground. 11; 
London's Hidden Village, meet 
Cterfca n we fl Heritage Centre. 33 SI 
John s Sq. EC1. 2-30; A Ghost WWfc The 
Haunted West End. meet B t feankm ent 
Underground. 7.30. 

Wednesday: Royal London and Guard 
Change, meet W a s M iiWte r Under- 
ground. 930; Underworld London: 
ragn's Fronds. meet Museum til Lon- 
don. 2.30. Original Cockney VMage: East 
End walk, meet WNtertepSrUnder- 
ground. 7. 

Thursday: Lawyers’ London: Inns ot 
Court and Qtd Bate y, meet Temple 
Underground. 10.30; Treasures Ot die City 
Of London, meet Bank Undwground. 2Jtk 
A Ghost Want The Haunted city, meet a 
Pouf* Underground. 730. 

Friday: The Hi s toric Charm ot Chelsea 
Wage, meet Stoane Square Under- 
ground. 11; The Charles Dickens Story 
and The Dickens House Museum, meet 
Hoteom Underground. 230; An Hworic 
Pub Wane On the Ghost Tran, meet St 
PnoTs Underground. 730. 

Saturday; London's wsferic Docklands 
and Thames, meet Tower Ha Undor- 
growid. 11; The Ctty ot London: 2.000 
Years of History, meet Monument Under- 
wotmd. 2. An Historic Pub Walk: Covent 
Garden, meet Motboru Underground. 

Sunday: Royal London, meet West- 
minster Underground. 930: Richmond 
Green and Riverside, meet Richmond 
Theare. 10.30: London’s &msts. Alleys a 
Oddites, meet Embankment Under- 
ground. 230; An Historic Pub Walk, meet 
Hu np s ie ed Underground. 730. 

The pound 

Nature Notes 

Moorhens are still -building 
nests of reed and sedge in the 
shallow .waters of ponds: these 
are birds that are rearing a 
second or even a third brood. 
Many other species are drifting 
away from their nesting areas. 
Yellow wagtails are flocking in 
the pastures, feeding on the 
insects disturbed by tbe cattle's 
feet. Parties of linnets and 
goldfinches travel the country- 
side, twittering musically, in 
search of dandelion seeds and 
other farmland weeds. 

Lapwings are losing their 
summer plumage and looking 
grey around the neck: many are 
moving to the coast Kestrels 
hover over new sites, but few of 
them go very far from their 
summer home, apart from 
Continental binds that are start- 
ing to come into Scotland- 

Many harmless, nettle-like 
plants are in flower they include 
black horehound. which has 
pinkish-purple flowers, growing 
up the stem among dusky 
leaves, and a rank smell; the 
short, violet-flowered self-heal; 
and marsh woundwort, a tall 
and striking purple flower of the 
water’s edge. In some places 
comfrey is still in flower, but 
where it is dying fine patterns 
appear on the dry leaves. Ash 
trees have a dappled look. 



t qnrian— MM- n i d i u rfc, 

lane closed at Ctockrese carriageway 
between junctions 9 and 10 ( 
LsatMrtwaa/ WtotoyV M2& Outride tenet 
of botn c a r riag eways dosed between 
Junctions 14 and 15 it Staines area: 

MdtandK Ml : Contraflow from 1 mfle S 
ofjunction 20, LatoestBrshra. to4 miles N 
of junction. M: Contraflow at 
CofEtarworth. between Grantham and 
Stamford, Lines. A5: Smote Bna traffic wtti 
temporary s ign al s at fvetsy Bank, be- 
tween Taffordand M6. Staffs. 

Waiee aod.Wesb I*#: Lane restrictions 
on bdh carriageways between jjnebors 

44 ard 45 (Swansea /Swansea East). A4: 

Tamporaiy : fights, at the Causeway, 
O^ppenham. WBts.A4tt Temporary lights 
between Abergavenny and Brecon, at 
Cncknowei town centre. Powys. 

North: 146; Single Una traffic on N-taiaid. 
exit and entry s&a roads at jwettan 16/ 
A5000 ( Stoke). ASfc Single - fine traffic In 
Halifax Rd, Lfosborougn, Greater Man- 
chester. At 9: Construction work on 
Bartoy and Rlcaa by pass, forte. 

SeoHaadrlOb Northbound cwriageway 
dosed between jmetions 9 and 10 ( 
Snrtoig); two - way traffic on S - bound 
carriagway. A62: angle - Une traffic and 

tinage-Ax inside ones on both carriage- 
ways of Perth western bypass dosed. 

Chemical alert 

The Health and Safety Executive has 
pubfished an updated Guidance Note on 
legal standards tor toxic chemicals at 
work. The Guidance Note EH40/S6, 
Occupation# Expaswo Um its 198S. cov- 
ers new control Units tor arsenic, methy- 
lene Chloride ( Dichfcxomet h aneK robber 
turn and hard wood dusL There are nine 

Acrylate and Furfuryi Alcohol and new 
listings for asoftyxiani gases and some 
dusts. The aide w obtslnatte from the 
Stannary Office or bookselere ( £330; 
ISBN O 11 883929 2). 


Births: John Tradescant 
naturalist and gardener, I 
Meopham. Kent, 1608; Percy 
Bysshe Shelley, Field Place. 
Horsham. Sussex, 1 792; Edward 
Irving, preacher. Annan, Dum- 
fries and Galloway, 1792; W H 
Hudson, naturalist and writer, 
Quilmes, Argentina. 1841: Sir 
Harry Lauder, PortobeJIo, Edin- 
burgh, 1870; Queen Elizabeth 
the Queen Mother, St Paul’s 
Waldenbury. Hertfordshire. 

Deaths; Simon de Montfdrt, 
earl of Leicester, killed at tbe 
Battle of Evesham. 1265: Wil- 
liam Cecil, Lord Buighley,. 
statesman, London. 1598; H«n« 
Christian Andersen. Copen- 
hagen, 1875; Rodney (“Gypsy") 
Smith, evangelist, at sea, 1947. 

Britain declared war on Ger- 
many, 1914. 



A * .depression over 
North Sea will move 
northwards towards the 
Norwegian coast, with 
another slow moving 
over Ireland. A shallow 
ridge of high pressure will 
build over SH Britain. . - 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, central S England, 
East Anglia, E, W Mrdtancta: Sunny 
intervals, scattered showers 
developmg; wind SW fight max 
temp 19 to 21c (66 to 70R. 

E, central N England: Bain dying 
out. sunny Intervals and scattered 
showers developing; wind NW mod- 
erate backtm westerly fight;' max 
tamp 17 to 1&(63too6fT 

Channel Islands, SW, NW En- 
gland, S, N Whies: Bright or sunny 
intervals and showers; wind S or 
SWmairtyfight; max temp 1710 19C 

Lake District, ME England, Bor- 
ders, ECMaurgh, Dundee, SW 
Scotland, Glasgow, central High- 
lands: Cloudy, outbreaks of rain 
turning showery with bright inter- 
vals later wind northerly, moderate, 
becoming variable fight; max temp 
14 to 16Cffi7to-6lFf 

Isle of Man, Argyfl, NW Scotland, 
Northern Ireland: Rather cloudy 
with showers, some heavy, a few 
sunny intervals; max temp 15 to 17C 
(59 to 63F). 

Aberdeen, Morey Firft, NE Scot- 
land, Orkney, Shetland: Cloudy, 
outbreaks of rain, prolonged in 
places: wind N or NE moderate; 
max temp 12 to 14C (54 to 57F). 

Outlook for tomorrow and 
Wednesday: Sunny intervals and 
scattered showers, some heavy 
tomorrow. Showers dying out from 
NW on Wednesday; genemy rather 
cooL ' 

NOON TODAY Praiiura b liiowii in mlUiban FRONTS Wonn"~ Cold •• Ocdudtdl 
— M - •■■■ -• ■ .‘i. • ' BiubBpH f — 


■ V VTI \ 

High Tides 



London Bridge 1.50 

b-bliie sky: be Wue sky and cloud: c- 
cfoudy: o-ov crc.&i ; r-rog: d-drtale: h- 
hail: mm ixu&L main; s-soow; in- 
thunderstorm: p- showers. 

Arrows Show wind direction, wind 
sored <mph> circled. Temperature 













. Mffford Haven 


1.50 ' 6.0 2.07 03 

I 15 3.7 1.48 3.7 

7.24 11.3 7.39 11.6 
1119 2.9 1138 33 

709 105 734 103 
5.48 4.B 8.07 30 

1134 6.0 11.38 5.9 

5.18 4.4 537 48 

1232 43 1.15 4.0 

_ - - 12.03 3.7 

. MnoidHawen 835 53 6.42 fij 

"MW 5.17 6.0 5.33 Ri 

6.15 3.4 619 3i 

SSEEf* iff 4.6 5.06 5.1 

Pbroenff $.59 1.6 732 1.8 

3E2SJ?’ 2M3 i 2 1157 4i 

!™2E" I 5 4 11.45 5i 

g ou *hamp ton IMS 4.0 1132 4.1 

SS”™ fl 643 84 

,?I if *"? « 

Tide measured in metres; 1ms33808ft. 













8 2 








































Around Britain 

Sun Rain 
hre In 

Sun sets 
844 pm 

3.16 am 
New moon tomorrow 

Bank Bank 

Buys SeUs 

2385 2435 

22.7 213 

6735 63-75 

2.125 2325 

1222 11-57 

738 736 

1053 938 

i 3385 3365 

21330 206-00 

1135 1145 

1.10 1JM 

2325 2.105 

242.00 228-00 

GW 3*4 3.45 

1145 1046 

22540 21440 

Rd 540 440 

• 2084 1974 

1017 7 1032 

H 2485 2455 

145 1.48 

Yugoslavia Dnr 66040 61040 

Rates tar smefi dranMtn bank notes 
only as supofiM by todays Bank PLC. 
Different retas apply to travellers' 
cheques and other foreign cunsncy 

RetaS Price Index: 3855- 
London: The F7 Index dosed up 1.4 oo 
FnCay at 12734. 

New Yoric The Dow Jones Industrial 
average closed 11.67 down on Friday at 

Tower Bridge 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at 1 . 43 pm and 2 . 15 pm. 

TlmA Portfolio Cold rules are as 

I l Tlmn Portfolio 19 free.' Punhac 
of The Times B not a condition of 
| taking part. 

2 Times Portfolio list comprises a 
group of pubUr companies whose 
shares are nsled on (he suck 
Exchange and Quoted In The Times 
Stock Exchange prices page. The 
companies comortsing mat 1 h will 
cnange from day io day. The list 
r wwcfi is numbered 1 - 4a i ts divided 
Into four randomly distributed woups 
of 11 shares. E^erv Portfolio card 
Contains two numbers from each 
group and each card con lams a 
unique set of numbers. 

3 Times portfolio 'dlvkfemr wiu be 
Uie figure m pence which represents 
Ihe oDUmum movement In prices <j.e. 
Oi# largest Increase or lowest loss) of a 
combination of eight (two from each 
randomly dtslrlbuledgroup wflhln the 
44 snares) of the 44 shares which on 
any one day comprise The Times 
Portfolio InL 

4 The daily dividend win be 
announced each day and the weekly 
dividend will be announced each 
Saturday In The Times. 

6 Times Portfolio list and details of 
ihe dally or weekly dividend will also 
be available for inspection at Uie. 
offices of The Tunes. 

6 If the overall price movement or 
more man one combination of shares 
equals ihe dividend. Ihe prize win be 
equally divided among me claimants 
holding those combinations of shares. 

7 All claims are subject to scrutiny 
before payment. Any Times Portfolio 
card that ts defaced, t a mpered wnn or 
incorrectly printed in any way will be 
declared void. 

a Employees of News taiemaUenaJ 
pie and its wjbsJdLarto and or 
Euronnnl croup Limited (producers 
and distributor of the cartU or 
members of ineir immediate families 
are no! allowed to Hay Times 

9 411 participants will be subject Io 
these Rules. All instructions On "how 
io play - and "how io claim" whether 

lifted in The Times or In Times 
. .rtfoUo cards will be deemed to be 
part oT these Rules. The Editor 
reserves the right to amend UM Rules. 

10 In anv dispute. The Editor's 
decision is and no correspon- 
dence will be entered into 

'll ir for any ■ reason The Tttnes 
Prices Page Is not published in Iha 
normal way Times Portfolio win be 
suspended for mat day. 

„ Hew ts play - Daffy Dtrtdaod 

On each day your unique set of eight 
numbers win represent commercial 
and industrial shares published Ut The 
Times portfolio list which wilt appear 
on ihe Slock Exchange Prices page. 

In the columns provided next to 
your shares note the price change i+ 
or •]. in pence, as published in Dial 
day's Times. 

After I feting me price changes of 
your eignt snares for uwu day. add up 
all eight share changes ro give you 
^our overall total plus or minus i+ or - 

Check your overall total awJnsdThe 
Times Portfolio dividend published « 
the Stock Exchange Prices page. 

If your overall total matches The 
Times Portfolio dividend you have 
won outrtreil or a share of uw total 
prize money stated for that day and 
must claim your prize as instructed 


How to ptay - weakly DMdsod 

Monday Saturday record your daily 
Portlojlo total. 

Add these together to determine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

K your total matches the pubttshM 
weekly dividend figure you name won 
outngni or a share of the prize money 
staled for uwt week, and must claim 
your prize as instructed below, . . 

How is (Wn 
Telephone The Times Pefttotfe cfafens I 
Mu RM-53272 betw een Ittd tsm and I 
3JOp m, on rim day vow o ver— (Mat I 
matohM The Tm _ 

No cams can be accepted 

Lighting- up time 

London 9.14 pni to 540 am 
Briefer 924 am to 5.10 am 
Edinburgh 5.45 pm to 4.54 am 
Manchester 940 pm to 5.00 am 
Penzance 931 pm to 536 am 


Temperatures at midday yesterday: c, 
cloud; f . fair: r. rake s. sun. 

C F C F 

Belfast C IS 59 Guernsey R 12 54 
gra ham R 13 55 t nvs ni aa e C U 57 
Btac&pooi C 15 SB Jersey 
Bristol R 14 57 London R 13 55 

Scmboro 74 
Bridltogton 7.6 
Cromer 84 
Loereatoft 9.9 
Clacton 104 

Folkestone 106 
Eastbourne 9.9 
. Brighton 
Worthing 92 
LJtttehrnptn 92 
BognorR. 9.0 
Boumemth 74 
W ey m o ut h 5.7 
Extooatn 54 

TafgmnaMti 54 

- 17 63 sunny 

- 19 66 sunny 

- 20 86 sunny 

- 20 68 sunny 

- 18 64 sunny 

- 19 66 sunny 

- 19 66 sunny 

- 17 63 sunny 

- IS' 64 sunny 

- 19 68 bright 

- 18 64 sunny 

- 19 86 sunny 

- 19 66 sunny 

- 18 64 sunny 
-- 18 84 sunny 
■- 19 66 ckjuoy 

Sun Ham Max 
his in C F 

4 0 31 17 63 rain 

J! il 15 59 rain 

4.3 .02 17 63 bright 

Tn.i h if 00 ram 

- 0.1 .44 15 59 rain 

43 -02 17 63 brtgh 

■nteacamoe * 3 

Dwntoa 7.0 .21 13 55 rain 

BTiam Alrpt 

c e n 20 68 SUHriy 
5.6 .01 18 64 ram 

ssa a a s e E 




5.8 12 16 61 ram 

63 .02 ta $4 ram 

S-1 03 17 63 ram 

S SS i? S Sa 


Eakdnl aii i uir 2.4 

6-0 02 16 61 rain 

- 18 64 showers £*”*** 



S' - is §4 ram 

53 .05 1G 61 ram 

54 47 17 63 raki 

5.3 .® 16 61 bnjjfn 

n c ^ 15 59 rain 

2.6 .49 t6 81 gale 

10 .1 - 23 73 sun rev 


Wick • 

snaut R T4 57 London R 13 55 Guernsey x 

CwdHf R 14 57 Wrnctwfer C 15 58 WESTc6aST 

m«S ffiSP Fff 63 SSTM *■ if a 

«£ ■ 59 Mtowers 

f-5 - 15 59 bright 

■ 17 63 bright 

« 2 s 59 

t ? S 7 showm. 

54 9ltowars< 
6-7 03 14 57 Showers 

In n,‘ 11 “ Sunny 

23 73 sunny StSSSU 12 01 {I S' sSrs 
trdZZZZ?* ’ 19 66 sunny 

LB 44- 16 81 rah 

24 133 16 6l ram 

Trailer brakes 

From October 1 some lightweight 
trafiere. such as those used for carrymc 
smafl boats, wfil have to be fitted wm 
brakes. Brakes wB be mandstory tar 
vafers wtth a maximum gross weight 
exceeding 750 kg. or which together Mfh 
any toad exceeds hto the kerbside v»^gm 
of the towing vehUe. 

Bond Winners 

« : ilS?SSg 


Q6ttos * *o 18 t4 57 ram 


1 ** p 1 *■** -■ - w -• s. 


AJfertfcfa S 29 84 CdroT I 34 93 Efe? 8 ’ I V. S* Satzfa Ur9 5 30 S 

Algtere S 35 95 DiMb rum S3l 88 5Paui8 "S 25 77 

I I? 73 Dubnmk 4 31 88 SSSc S 14 57 |j2^ eo5 ‘ S 17 62 

I S 26 7B Mad C , a. *C I? 54 

Vou must have your card with you 
when you telephone. 

II you are unable 10 telephone 
someone else can claim on your Dehalf 
bui inev must have vour card and call 
The Times Portfolio claims line 
between the simulated Umes. _ , .. 

No responsmtUly can be. accented 
for failure to contact llw dalms office 
for any reason within the staled 

.The above instructions are an- 
pltcaue io noth dally and weekly 
dividend claims. 

Winning numbers in' the Barcrena 
weekly draw for Premium Bond 5**°* . 
prizes are: £100.000: 7AW gag* 
060545 (winner lives m East Bemud 
Sussex); £50.000: 2VN 510066 BM 
(Norwich); £23.000:. 5VL 

396570 (London Borough of Bruno* 
BamciV gwtaps 

5 « si rare 5 28 79 NGnmi - smmiaao 

S 38109 Florence S 34 93 Whn J ? Jt Seoul 

*F 29 84 Frankfurt S 34 93 Montreal >c 17 IS 

s 27 6, g=5? 


s 3l 88 Hetekfiti F 22 72 N»Sm 

Jh 31 88 
F 30 68 
S 21 70 

iStSiassr satf. 

5 an an 2 66 Svdnev r mci 

3l 88 Hetekfiti F 22 72 Hapt^ C IS 5"?#“ 

29 84 Horn K S 32 90 NDeW I SS 

23 73 fnottrek S SB 82 N ^ T «writ€ 


iSnjF&EF 1 “ ■ wrws «« r 

£3£ C23n SS isekF 
£22. S 35 95 ^ 
Budepst F 30 06 Kfeacbl f 3d br pmS^. 

B Aires -S 17 63 LPafrnaa | S 

Mm, 6 33.91 uSn f M S52L 
SyT n C 18 61 Locarno S 29 84 Rem* 
Cbtanca C 23 73 Luxemba S 31 m bSSt 
C hiCajp T26 79UlnHSl»iS 
Ofctertt* S 8 48 VEST' Fi 5 

I 28 82 N York 
S 29 84 Nice 
S 35 95 Ote 

F 30 B8 Peking 
73 p * tl ‘ 
f 20 66 PracHie 

S 10 64 
S as 79 

e S 2? rat Aviv S 30 86 

■ciSTS2f to * 2 77 
a S H F 29 84 

c 22 Toronto f 22 72 

0 Tiorigr g 38100 

F i * 1*2** " » B4 
S « « -S 34 S3 

1 30 M £22 S 31 B8 

III*™ sas 

S «ite SJSItt rt ^ 25 

.*;! * s ' 

. ibjirr: 

: ii‘ 

i -s- 

!*■; S” . 

i . N 1 ■**. 


‘teflotosSeumiay'sngura amla| ^ awaitat Zwteti c 29 84 

from It;iiS( ^; 

U1C1 n SUj, ' 

vA p r 

jiji ~ i . 

4 V'.-W.: 

P»\t !;|v 
Sfrt:: tv*. 

1 I; . 

Kliixi .1\ 


» ( . _ i ( • 
irt«E S. it ..• 

- rf^ 

K ■ ;*» 

4* '■-■<}!»• 

• •*«*:»» 
j» 1, aA 

Ulin >-.ti 
m-*?. -Ir:.; 
Piril*.' Ji; 
fl hltU 
rf?TT Itiiii 
n tn i i.a 

tMt* ' * N 


«k iv «• ■ ■ : 


t*l< Vj> ;; 

k *»■:; 

Hit i 
l*tf#W: s »«- 
,ru\s sJv 

I wa* ... 


V W.' - i 

than 4 
in vr.ij.-. 

V*» 1 mm: 


tt*? v.,,. 

• «»t ?*m: 

p#v > 

im 1\v\ 
hr r?: t f 
itw Ui:i : 

**•4 <tU« 



r ' & 


V + 

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... .• * 


' -■*•*- 

t. • 

irmmd H 



l J 





+~* ■ 

i* *.• 



W 1 

t* ■*> ‘ 

* :.»•• 

(b . * 


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*•• * 

5. - - 

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tfr • 

KM- ■ 

. K - 


Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

(Chance on week) 

FT 30 Share * 

1273.4 (+9.7) 

FT-SE 100 
1561.8 (+16.0) 


USM (Patastream) 

.121.12 (-1.47) 

(Change on week) 

’us Dollar 
1.4850 (+0.0040) 

W German mark 
3.0925 (-0.0902) 

71.7 (-1.3) - 

Dixons in 
£50m deal 
with Thorn 

Dixons Group, the retailer, 
has signed a £50 million 
contract with Thom EMI 
which, will supply 200,000 
colour television sets to "be 
sold in Dixons' outlets, 
including Power Crty and 
Currys. The sets, which repre- 
sent about TO per cent of the 
annual wiling market, will be 
sold under a new group brand 
name as yet unannounced. 

Dixons says it is the largest 
ever such deal signed with a 
British manufacturer. It fol- 
lows a similar arrangement 
last year when Dixons bought 
£J0 million of home comput- 
ers firom Sir Give Sinclair’s 
Sinclair Research. Dixons’ 
comment on the Thom EMI 
deal was that it was the only 
UK retailer which could sell 
such a great volume. 

First Chinese 
; since 1949 

*. Beijing (Reuter) — A factory 
in northeast China has been 
formally declared bankrupt 
the first company officially 
wound up since the Com- 
munist takeover in 1949. the 
New China .News .Agency 
reported. _ ;• • r - •••*?■ . - 

- Theigeney saidThie-Shen-. 
yang explosion-proof .appa- 
ratus factory's assets worth 
302,000 yuan (£55,000) would 

be sold off and the proceeds 
divided among the 219 cred- 
itors who are owed more than 
500,000 yuan. 

~ Shenyang is the, first city in 
China to enact bankruptcy 
legislation and the case is 
-being watched -closely 

■ Under the rules, a loss- 
making firm is given a warn- 
ing by the city government 
and if it does not improve its 
performance within a year and 
its debts are then greater than 
its assets, it is declared bank- 
rupt. The factory was criti- 
cized for bad management 
resulting in losses over a 
number of years. 

Punt devalued 
by 8% 

within EMS 

■ Irish government officials 
■expect the punt to trade 
against sterling at between 85p 
'and 90p when foreign ex- 
changes reopen in the republic 
tomorrow after the bank holi- 
jday weekend devaluation of 
the Irish currency. ■ 

The 8 per cent devaluation 
.against other EMS currencies 
-was requested, by _lhe . Irish. 

At dose of business on 
Triday the punt was worth 
•about 95p sterling against 78p 
,'a.year ago. 

Although Britain is not in 
the EMS, the move will have a 
knock-on effect an the value 
of the punt against sterling 
and the dollar. 

The steady rise of the punt 
against the declining dollar 
and sterling petrocurrencies 
had threatened disaster for 
Irish exporters. Economists 
estimate that half of the 
country's foreign trade is in 
these two currencies. 

US Notebook 16 USM Review 16 
Gilt-Edged 16 Inv Trusts 16 
Foreign Each 16 Comnait 17 
Money Mrfcls 16 Co News 17 
USM Prices 16 Share Pries 18 





Adam & Conqoiy. 

. 10 . 00 % 

ConsoHUed Ms. 
Continent TiusL. 
Co-opetfm Bank 
C. Hoare & CoJL 

1000 % 
. 10 . 00 % 
. 10 . 75 % 
. 10 . 00 % 
. 10 . 00 % 
. 1000 % 

. 10 . 00 % 

Hong Kray & Shanghai „ 10 D 0 % 

Hops Bank., , IOlOOX 

Mat Westminster HUK)% 

Royal Bank of Scotland 10.00% 

758 1000 % 

CMiank 1000 % 

t Mortgage B are Bate.' 

By Judith Hartley 

Plessey,, the eleclronics 
company, win unveil details 
tomorrow of new links with 
Westinghouse Electric 
Corporation, the American 
electronics and advanced' 
technology group. 

Westinghouse win provide 
£250 million worth - of 
electronics and radar - for 
Boeing’s early warning aircraft 
if the manufacturer wins a 
contract for six Royal Air 
Force planes.. Plessey .would 
share in tfiework.. ; . . . 

- The announcement looks 

timed to give the maximum 

embarrassment to GEC in a 
week when it is widely be- 
lieved that Mr Paul Channon, 
the Secretary of - State for 
Trade and -Industry, will veto 
its hostile £1.18 billion bid for 

The- Westin ghouse/Plessey 
work for Boeing would be a 
strong challenge to GECs 
troublesome radar work for 
the rival Nimrod aircraft 

The Government will de- 
cide in October which of 
several contenders, including 
the Boeing and Nimrod air- 
craft wifi be bought for the - 
RoyalAfr Force. . . .. 

The Boeing early warning 

Above: Plessey’s Sir John 
Clark. Befaxc the Mink* 
Mr Pan! Channon 


aircraft is favourite to win the 
.contract. ... " 

It is believed that the fink 
•forged- between Plessey. and. 

Westinghouse will go much 
deeper than the Boeing deal 

The two companies hope to 
work together on developing 

- new: airborne radar defence 
systems which could be sold to 

- the Nito and American forces' 

early warning planes. 

Westinghouse supplies high 
technology defence systems 
for aircraft. It manufactures 
nuclear energy systems and 
has a well-developed robotics 
industry. It has already won 
several US government con- 

The Trade and Industry 
Secretary is expected to im- 
pose conditions if he stops 
GECs bid for Plessey. Mr 
Channon may wish to see 
GECs System X telephone 
exchange company sold to 
Plessey in return for GEC 
taking a 29.9 per cent stake in 

Such a move is unlikely to. 
be welcome to the Plessey 
board and its chairman. Sir 
John Clark. 

It would, however, rational- 
ize the telecommunications 
work, pleasing British 
Telecom, the customer for 
System X, while a veto on the 
takeover would ensure that 
die Ministry of Defence would 
still-have competitive tender- 
ingforits contracts. - 

plan lags 

. ; By Teresa Poole 1 

Senior executives have 
failed to meet the target set for 
Industry Year's work ‘'shad- 
owing” scheme which was 
designed to inspire sixth 
formers to seek. a career in 

When "Mr John. Buicfeq^ 
jfflgdr^adft^mdindastry min- 
ister.Taunchedftc scheme, he4 
hoped that 3,000 executives 
would have volunteered by 
now to have a school girl or 
boy as a shadow fen- a week- 
figures published today 
show that so far 1,200 exec- 
utives have come forward, 
with 750'firms taking part 
But the organizers, the In- 
stitute of Directors and the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry, stress that indepen- 
dent work-shadowing projects 
have been set up by local 
education authorities and, 
including these, the planned 
target should be surpassed by 
the end of the year. 

The scheme was originally girls, was felt 
needed particular encourage- 
ment to look to industry for a 
career, but il has been ex- 
tended to boys. 

Most of the shadowing will 
take place over the summer 

Just over a third of exec- 
utives taking part. are either 
chairmen, managing directors, 
or chief executives. 

Esso has provided the great- 
est number of volunteers with 
53, while Ford and Marconi 
have each offered 21. 

Reagan faces key 
protectionist fight 

Dom Bailey Morris, -Washington .. .. 

John Butcher his hopes 
hare been disappointed 

On the ere of a crucial vote 
in the US House of Repre- 
sentatives, the White House 
has launched an intense cam- 
paign to halt the passage this 
wedc of textile legislation 
which ft regards as a key test 
of the protectionist mood in 
Congress. .. ~ 

House members will fote.oa 
Wednesday /on ji measure to 
[override President Reagan^s 
veto of restrictive textile leg- 
islation which would cut im- 
ports from developing 
countries by more than 30 per 

President Reagan, m his 
weekly .radio address to the 
nation.- said 
legislation” would not only 
sour, relations with the 
country's trading partners but 
also cost American consumers 
more than $44 trillion a year in 
higher dothing costs. 

The intensity of the White 
House campaign reflects the 
problems arising .from 
America's- 5150 bOboa trade 
deficit and moonting criticism 
of the Administration's han- 
dling of trade issues-Canada 
and Australia, have also 
strongly protested against the 
Administration's trade 
policies. . 

Only a week ago, House 
supporters of the textile Bifi 
said they were short of the 
two-thirds majority necessary 
to override Mr Reagan's veto 
of a Bill aimed largely at 
imports from Korea. Taiwan 

and Houg Koag. But tint was 
before the Administration an- 
nounced a new textile agree- 
ment with South Africa which 
provoked a storm in Congress. 

White House officials said 
yesterday the textile vote is 
nowto o do s e to c albTheBiH's 
pa£8age,throagh -wveto over* 
ride, woaM open the door to a 
flood of similar. protectionist 

Mr Paul Volcker, die Fed- 
eral Reserve Board chairman, 
gave warning in Congressional 
testimony that it only takes 
passage of a few such mea- 
sures to pnt the world on a 
tionist spiral". 

New trade ■ figures an- 
nounced last week fanned the 
protectionist mood by reveal- 
*“! another big monthly deficit 

Department offidalssaid that, 
at the current rate of growth, 
the deficit this- year will set 
another record :of more than. 
$170 bflfion which wifi con- 
tinue to retard economic 
growth and prolong the reces- 
sion in US mauafricturing. 

The trade deficit has 
sparked strong election year 
pressares as evidenced by 
President Reagan's decision 
last week to ignore the advice 
of his closest, advisers and 
support subsidized grain sales 
to the Soviet Union to help 
beleaguered farmers in the 
Mid- West grain belt 

Korea will not revalue 

Seoul (Reuter) — South 
Korea wifi reject a US pro- 
posal "to _ revalue the won 
against; the. dollar, Mr Chung 
In-Yon®, Finance Minister, 
said yesterday. - — 

“The management of a 
country’s currency cannot be 
the object of negotiation with 
another country,” be added. 

“The .government will con- 
tinue to allow the fluctuation 
of conversion rates under the 
nlidticurrency-weighied - bas- 
ket system and is not consid- 
ering artifically revaluing the 
won at alL” 

Mr Chung. would not reveal 

the scope of revaluation pro- 
posed to -the South Korean 
Ambassador to Washington. 

“We will not refuse dialogue 
for better .understanding,, but 
-we are not prepared to 
negotiate,'" Mr Chung said. 
Washington has not yet in- 
dicated the timing of the 
proposed negotiations. 

■ The won’s now stands at 
883.80 to the dollar against 
.890.20 at end-December. 

• SouthKorea’s trade sur- 
plus narrowed to $ 1 20 million 
in July from $659 million in 

Barry Norman, left, is offering lowest home loan rates. Hugh Freedberg, right, claims mort- 
gage lending is on target 

Setback for Americans 9 bid to 
launch new mortgage market 

By Graham Searjeant, F inancial Editor 

The prospects for an early 
start to a secondary mortgage 
market in this country have 
been setback by the poor 
performance of the Mortgage 
Corporation, the home loans 
subsidiary of Salomon Broth- 
ers, since its launch in April 
Mortgage Corporation was 
set up with the aim of collect- 
ing mortgage loans which 
could be packaged into securi- 
ties and sold to investors in 
Britain and abroad. Snch a 
market already exists in the 
US. The Salomon move 
seemed likely to be the first 
attempt to create one in 

Britain. • v 

[ - Since its inception, how- 

ever, the Mortgage Corpora- 
tion has been unable to lend as 
much money to homebuyers 
as it wants. According to 
Royal Insurance and Sun 
Alliance; the two insurance 
companies acting as agents for 
selling the company's endow- 
ment mortgages, lending has 
been sluggish. 

Mortgage Corporation has 
spent large sums on TV and 
newspaper advertising in a 
campaign fronted by Mr Barry 
Norman, the film critic. But 
the plan to bring in business 
on a direct response basis has 
so fer failed to produce a large 
volume, of lending. . • • 

The two insurers confirm. 

however, that business has 
picked up since the company 
cut its mortgage rate to 10.25 
percent a month ago. It is now 
offering the lowest home loan 
rate on the market 
- Mr. Hugh Freedberg, chief 
executive of Mortgage 
Corporation, said: “We will 
probably bold back on issuing 
our first mortgage backed 
securities until the first quar- 
ter of 1987. We have to wait 
long enough for our loans to 
receive a credit rating from 
.Standard & Poors." He added: 
“We are on course to meet our 
£500 million lending target 
within the first year to 18 

path to new 
pay policy 

. . By Onr OtyStoff - 

The Chancellor's, plans to 
introduce tax relieved profit-, 
sharing into industry could 
pave the way for a new kind of 
permanent pay policy. Mr 
Gavyn Davies, chief UK 
economist at the securities 
-dealer Goldman Sachs, argues | 
in apaperpublisbed today; - r 

Writing -in. his personal 
capacity; Mr Davies' rays that 
profit-sharing would be out- 
side a national pay norm and 
would therefore allow the 
flexibility which has been 
missing in previous incomes 
policies and allow the labour 
market to work. - 

The problem of excessive 
pay increases has re-emerged 
despite felling inflation, high 
unemployment and weak 
trade unions, Mr Davies says. 
Because of these changed 
circumstances, however, it 
should be easier to deal with 
than in the late 1970s. Under 
ibe proposed - pay plan, a 
heavy penalty would be im- 
posed on companies- whicb- 
ignored a : national pay norm 
excqrt where payments were 
justified by genuine profit- 
sharing schemes. 

“This would give a much 
greater boost to profit sharing 
that the Chancellor's rather 
meagre tax incentives for 
employees”, he says. 

The Davies proposals, a 
development of ideas put 
forward by Professor Richard 
Layard, would seek to hold 
basic pay deals at a constant 
level 2 to 3 per cent above a 
very low or zero rate of 
inflation. % 

The scheme would be 
supplemented by tax cuts to 
avoid, the impression that the 
policy was designed to cm real 
wages . •_ . • • - • 

McAlpine win 

Alfred McAlpine, the 
construction company, has 
won the contract to build an 
eight-mile section of the A27 
trunk road between Chich- 
ester, West Sussex, and Hav- 
ant Hampshire, with a £19.9 
million tender that was £10 
million less than a govern- 
ment cost estimate for the 

Flotation cash 
limit set to rise 

By Carol Ferguson 

The Committee .on Quota- 
tions is expected to present its 
definitive proposals on flota- 
tions and pre-emptive rights 
to the Stock Exchange Council 
at its meeting tomorrow. 

This follows the Discussion 
. Paper oh Flotations and Pre- 
emptive Rights,- published in 
January. 7" 

: In the case of flotations, the 
committee is likely to confirm 
that the offer for sale is the 
best method of introducing 
new companies to fisting. 

Nevertheless, the limit of £3 
million, the maximum 
amount that ran be placed in a 
flotation,* looks like being 
increased, bat by less than the 
£25 million suggested in the 
discussion paper. 

In the case of pre-emptive 
rights, it is expected that 
companies will be required to 
seek authority each year from 
shareholders to waive them. 

This is more stringent .titan 

requirement to' gain approval 
for each individual deal will 
be abolished. 

In the battle for greater 
flexibility as to how compa- 
nies raise equity capital the 
Investor Protection Commit- 
tees, who represent the institu- 
tional shareholders, have been 

They [have - already suc- 
ceeded' in paiticular instances 
in gaining a bigger share of 
vendor placings for sharehold- 
ers, for example, in Dee 
Corporation's bid for Fine 

As one corporate financier 
put it yesterday: “The ques- 
tion is. will companies man- 
age to' force the institutions to 
allow them to raise equity by 
way of American-style bought 

“The I PCs, are very power- 
ful and they seem to be 
making it tougher" 

Analysis, page 17 

allows the authority to run for 
five years. 

It looks as if there will be no 
monetary limits on further 
issues of equity capital. 

But what will be of particu- 
lar interest will be whether the 

shares attracted applications for 
3.61 million, including those 
from employees. Applications 
for up to 350,000 shares will be 
allotted in fuIL Those for more 
than 350.000 will receive 94.7 
per cent of the number applied 

new oil 

By Otur Financial Editor 

The Organization of Petro- 
leum Exporting Countries 
opened its seventh day of 
meetings in Geneva last night 
amid continued last-minute 
wranglings by members over 
their quotas and voluntary 
cuts in production. 

Further meetings are likely 
today to patch up a short-term 
agreement on voluntary cuts 
as the prospect of agreement 
on formal quotas receded. 

The continued talks, at- 
tended Iasi night only by 
heads of delegation, give some 
hope of an interim agreement 
aimed at stabilizing or raising 
oil prices, but failure to reach a 
conclusion before markets 
open is likely to pul further 
pressure on sterling. 

The cartel had hoped to 
amass voluntary cuts totalling 
2 million barrels a day. Last 
night, however. Dr Arturo 
Hernandez Grisanti. the 
Venezuelan oil minister, said 
that his country could offer 
only a symbolic and insignifi- 
cant cut. The onus, he said, 
was on other countries that 
had exceeded their quotas to 
offer more. 

Saudi Arabia, which has 
1 previously been the swing 
producer and borne the brunt 
of cuts, is again on the 
defensive. Its spokesman said 
last night that its oil minister. 
Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Yamani. 
had received government or- 
ders not to accept cuts in 
output below the minimum 
needed for its development. 

“At the same time, il has no 
objections to any country 
producing as much as it 
needs,” he said. 

Opec &urces claimed that 
Sheikh Yamani had insisted 
on a quota of at least 5 million 
barrels a day. compared with 
the present Saudi quota of 
4.35 million. Kuwait, the 
United Arab Emirates and 
Qatar are also thought to be 
unhappy about their quotas. 

After Friday’s meetings, 
each delegate was asked to 
stale -how much oil they 
wanted to produce over , the 
next two to -three months and 
this was reported to a five- 
nation panelon Saturday. 

The new. more modest 
approach came after Algeria's 
oil minister. M. Belkacem 
Nabi, formally withdrew the 
Algerian six-point plan for 
production and quota policy 
because there was no chance 
of an agreement on the quotas 
set at the previous conference 
at Brioni in Yugoslavia. 

A tentative plan for a 
summit of Opec heads of state 
had to be abandoned when it 
became clear that the warring 
Iraqis and Iranians would 
refuse to meet each other at 
that level. 

The conference is taking 
place when some countries, 
especially those with heavy 
grades of crude oil, have been 
suffering considerably lower 
prices even than in the North 

Pubs threat if inquiry cuts tie 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

Warnings of a rash of {mb 
closures and threats to cut- 
back investment are being 
made as- Sir -Gordon Borne, 
director general of Fair Trad- 
ing, prepares today to send 0 m 
brewing industry for a fresh 
investigation by the Monopo- 
lies and Mergers Comdission. 

If this Inds to the dis- 
mantfing of .the tied house 
system, smaller brewers, es- 
pecially reliant on tied pubs, 
would also be at risk, it is 

Hundreds of pubs could face 
closure if the tied system is 
scrapped, according to the 
National Union of licensed 
Victuallers, foe trade associ- 
ation for tenants of breweiy- 
owned pubs. There are about 
33,000 tenanted pubs and 
another 12,000 managed 

Although foe NULV cam- 
paigned for arelaxatioix of ibe. 
tie on wines aud spirits —now 
-eased through EEC action — ft 
wants the tie on beer retained 
while campaigning for detailed 
improvements to help tenants. 
It is especially worried that 
without brewery back-up pnbs 
would fall into disrepair be- 
cause there is no other ready 
source of fends at reasonable 

A warning that if there is a 
question mark oyer the future 
of the tie, some brewers may 
have to reassess die extent of 
their investment in their pnbs 
has come from the Brewers' 

Britain’s 70 brewers have 
plans for spending £2,400 
millio n on pnb improvements 
over the next three yean. 

Free . trade on-licences. 

mostly pnbs, .bare increased 
.by 10 , 000 . in fewer than 10 
years and now number 33,000 
or 42 per cent of pubs. 

Britain's system of tenant- 
run pnbs tied to a brewer has 
existed for more than 100 
years and has already survived 
a 1969 monopolies investiga- 
tion and subsequent dose 
surveillance by the Price 
Commission. In foe seventies 
nearly 1,000 pubs were 
swapped among foe brewers to 
reduce concentrations of local 

Guinness, which like 
Carls berg with its Northamp- 
ton lagw production, has no 
tied pnbs, could benefit from 
easing of the tie. 

- But more open competition 
could be exploited by brewers 
wjth strong nati nnal brands 
which & another reason, SO the 

argument goes, why smaller 
brewers could suffer. The big 
national brewers sue Bass (foe 
largest), AJIied-Lyons, 
Whitbread, Grand 

Metropolitan's Watney 
Mann, Hanson Trust's Cour- 
age and Scottish & Newcastle. 

Sir Gordon U expected to 
ask the commission to look at 
beer supply but has already 
made dear his concern that 
the tied house system may 
reduce consumer choice, in- 
hibit competition and push op 

There will be 14 days during 
which the Department of 
Trade and Industry, if im- 
pressed by trade representa- 
tions. might quash the 
investigation but no minister 
has ever before sidetracked 
that, sort of monopoly 

The Belgravia mortgage- 
A typical example at 10.75°u. APR LL420t>. 

Runaway house prices. 

Three new 
ways to catch up. 

London prices are .20% higher than a year agp. 

The South-East’s have gone up 16.1%. Across Britain 
prices are up 11%. 

So you'll be delighted with three new mortgages for people 
wanting £50,000 (or a great deal more). 

Bel gravia is a unique new ‘cap and collar’ mortgage. 

Belgravia rates go up and down 
with national levels, but with this 

For the first 5 years, you get 
guaranteed maximum and 
minimum rates. Currently, these 
are 11% and 8-5%. 

The new Knightsbridg e 
mortgage has a fixed rate for the 
first five years. 

■ And Kensington is linked to 
the UK Money Market rate. 

If you’ve already borrowed £50,000, or more, its worth 
• a call to see if one of these three new mortgages would be better 
than the one you’ve got 

If you don’t need as much as £50,000, remember we’ re 
Britain's biggest independenrmortgage specialists. 

Of the hundreds of mortgages on offer, we can help you 
get the one that’s just right for you and your property. 

Call us for details or written quotations for Belgravia, 

' Kensington and Knightsbridge, or any other mortgages on 
(01) 589-7080. Just ask for mortgage enquiries. 

A man of and his wife, 24. burrow £50.000 
nw-5 years nidi an tntkmmem imturanoe . 
pfrfiiry i*n a house valued or £70.000. 

Gross monthly payment (interest) £ 447.92 

Net monthly payment £ 369.% 

Lit assurance premium £ 64.51) 

TJjtal numthly payment- £ 434.48 

Estimated policy prcuecds in 

25 years £ S5.076.00 

Total amount payable over 25 years £1 30 .344.00 
Less p< .Key proceeds £ 85.076.00 

Total ehmiekir credit £ 45.268.00 

Mercury House, 195 Knightsbridge, London SW7 IRE. 

S >< *“■*’ 

-• -• rr-‘ 


■ f S: : 1 





Partnership key to expansion 

Small property and building 
companies on the unlisted 
securities market face a peren- 
nial problem of cash con- 
straints limiting their 
opportunities for expansion. 

One of the favourite routes 
adopted by companies to 
circumvent this has been joint 
development partnerships 
with institutional investors for 
commercial projects. Gen- 
erally. the institutions will 
acq iii re the development upon 
completion while the property 
company participates in the 
development profits.; . 

Trench erwood, the west 

Berkshire group, provided an 
illustration of this trend last, 
week when, it announced the 
formation of a commercial 
development partnership with 
Postel for a 48.000 sq ft office 
scheme in the centre of 
Newbury. The proposal is to 
create a village concept office^ 
development with raised 
pedestrian walkways' in the' 
town's conservation area;' 
This marks the latest move in 
Trencherwood's development 
of its commercial arm. The 

company was founded in 1971 
by its chairman, John 
Noigate. as a house builder 
based in- now 
builds about 350 units a year,: 
predominately in the middle- 
range of housing market. It 
has a substantial land bank in 
the west Berkshire area with 
ter^year options. 

The commercial side also 
has been rapidly developed 
over the last four years with 
both office and shopping 
: developments. It is currently 
developing a supermarket on 
the edge of Newbury as part of 
a technology park' which -may- 
be the first site chosen' for a 
joint Marks and Spencer and 
Tesco project 

Interim results for the six 
months to die end of April are 
due to be announced this 
month and are likely to. con- 
firm.foat the group is well on 
the way to more than £4 
million pretax profit in the- 
current year. This wbuEd give' 
earnings per share of 30p and . 
leave the shares at 450p on a 
prospective multiple of IS 

Profits for 1986-87 could be 
_ in the region of£5 million and 
the shares are essentially a 
play on the continuing 
development of the Severn 

- With the onset of the Au- 
' gust holiday period new issues 

on the USM are slowing to a 
trickle. The reception for re- 
cent offerings has produced 
the occasional successes' such 
as GBAM, Anglia Secure 
Homes and -Adas Group, all 
trading.. . at reasonable 
premiums. . 

- - Many of the others, how- 
ever, are struggling around 
iheir issue price or it a small 
discount. Marina Develop- 
ments Group, where dealings 
start today, was under-sub- 
scribed, for instance, on the 
offer for sale and it is expected 
that these shares will open at a 

Investors have-been spoilt 
for' choice, in - the last lew 
.months as companies ' have 
rushed to raise money ahead 
of the big bang period. The 
Autumn will see major flota- 
tions from the TSB and Brit- 

ish Gas and these, together 
with the uncertainty created 
by the stock market changes, 
will probably reduce the flow 
of new issues on the secondary 
market in the second half of 
the year, allowing a useful 
period of digestion. 

Holmes & Marchan t, the 
sales promotion group which 
has announced its intention to 
move to a full listing after 14 
months on the USM, believes 
it will be followed by a wider 
range of investors oh the main 
market and is also interested 
in. improving liquidity «r its 
Caress. : 

- The additional shares which 
have just been placed in the 
market will help to achieve the 
latter goal but size and growth 
prospects are the key to 
attracting a wide range of 
investor interest rather than 
the class of share listing. - 

- Isabel Uns worth 

The author is a member of the 
smaller companies unit at 
Phillips & Drew 


Cawta fe aton 
- C Company 

Pnea Ch'Qt Grass ON 
on . dl, . YW 
Fnday weak oenoe % P/E 

5560000 AIMOp 
4550000 ATA &WKM1 

7 467.000 Aiitavcnsi 
4560000 MMraeen Stfc Ms* 


266m Acorn Corn 
594.000 ACM 
4-000.000 torn losure 
l06m A> Cal 

6566.000 Anomig 
295a AbOJ 

13.1m Angka SecunMS 
6 158000 Arrow 

0033.000 Amiemw 

27 im Apo Horographcs 

Do Wmts 

24 in Aspen Comma 
GO In Aspnst 
10* On Asprer- - 
2.210000 A-.ioc Erargy 
138m A30 

3208500 Adas Easement 

513*000 Amnmagc 

5.726 000 BBS Des^i 
. 5.411.000 BPP 

4220000 enrs orp 

2.850.000 Beotora (Wtonl 
150m Barmen 8 Fauna*) 

3563000 Bensons Crops 
122m Berkeley & Hey 

8 785.000 Berkeley Ew> 

67 6m 8*ncetar Gp 
20*8.000 Bo Isolates 
6500000 Boa* 

5.900.000 I _ _ 

129m BOMMO Toys 
720m Borland 

3387 000 Brewmaker 

5098.000 BrAat 

6.562.000 Brtm 
197m Qnunru Sac 

7.ooaooo » Bmaux 

9.180.000 flr tsuna 

14 Im ^DOkmouffi 
3880000 Brown (CfwnrM 
73(4.000 Bryant (Derek) 

BiM Hasources 

1131.000 CCA GoBenes 


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1.543000 cps Coro 
4 883000 CPU Coro 
175m CW 

. : Catararan OB . 

3250.000 C*flOtoen , 

26.7m Gannon Street In* 
78 an Central tv . 
l5-2m Cnancery Secs 

3600600 cnecnoort Europe 
138m cneuea AUn 
2*3.000 cmn Meffmda 
ii 9m Ctiearwe W 
2.I0J.000 Otar 

4.404 000 ocaonm 

113a darne Hooper 

2.771.000 Ckwau CM 
130m Butt 04 I 

1594600 CUM I 

183m Cobra Enwrau 
6.333000 CC*arg»> fnc 
5.B35JJOO camp Fffvgnuf 
I*AfcC0Gt> Como**? 

105a Coiuftrara 

2533.000 Cons Tam tarn 

6581.000 Cant Momma 
7 350000 Co-CK. 

11 Dm CPU 
5130600 Crampnom 
4 900000 Cr antra* 

6.936.000 Ctensanch 
4J4J 000 Craion Lodge 

6.654.000 Crown Ina 
5440 000 Cnac 

4217.000 DflE Teen 
ii im DOT 

3896600 DJ Sac Alarms 
'0 5m Damn 
9896000 Denes (DT) 

5064.000 nan & Bums 

1 920.000 0* Bran (Andre) 

11 Bn DeWcr 

2*61.000 Demur - ■ 

22 1H Dencara 
1083000 Denmans Elec 
4.1 13 000 Dewey Wfertqn 
7.428000 Mm 
26 6m Dru> 

3.784600 Demon 
4401000 EMM 

H9m Eatng Sea Opocs 
2 137.000 Ecotjrc 
36 ’m Edm Fum 

1559.000 Earn Secs 

29 »■ Ewnage Pope « 

10 tin Electron House 
• 603 000 EMCbonc Data P 
i39tn Eima« 

B41O0Q Eimrawnmn Pn*j 
108m Eumxj 
21 %n Fli 
20 Gm FKB Cp 
4538 OTO Feaebea. 

7.352600 Fergabrook 
107 5m FmkB IMrsl 
5 10* 000 FK*«e« Danny* 

0 102.000 Fleitecn 
35 6m Room 
7503 COO Floyd OS 
7.702600 Ford 1 Weston 


£ Company 

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132 ’. _ *9 . 

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128 -1 


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B4b 54 166 
56 23 189 

i’l 54 10.1 
60 Sl5- 7.7 

110 1 8 187 
126 61 99 
46 7.0 9J 
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116 19 106 

3.4 46 li.3 

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14 224 13 

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29 44 113 
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179 56-127 
. 3.1 18 135 

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SB 82 TO 5 

31 2046.1 

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57 21 161 
17 . 37 134 

. T Toimj»oy 

Pnca Oi’ge Graaa 06* 

V>t on Ur VU 
.ftragLi— ah.preca .% . Pze 

284m Frendl Com .. .160 
277m Fiestmeke . . -97 
. 39Jka Fuear .Smith 'A' 650 

6337600 OaWfto * 142 

5*08600 Dm rCed) 90 

2600600 Gwtfttoun 40 

3320600 Ottcn Lyon* S3 
0282600 Qbto Maw 150 

3.170 000 CJiMrt House 11 
1 800.000 Gloul GO 45 

6.194.000 Godwin Wanan T28 
1 1 2ra Goocmad Pont 122 

2475600 QoukKUiraieai 118 
9520600 Stanya Gurtaca 08 
6798600 Grow fEmwt) 119 
1600600 Gnramwtfi Cacto -30 
11 7m GrafiMOOr Sq 95 
- 1.215600 Guarnsav Atomic 100 - 

7485.000 H ampto n Homecu* 77 

195m ttenons • ■ - 45 - 

&550600 Haney 6 Tnomp .170 
282m Hevdock Europe 235 
4658600 Haahn Cara *2 

Z292.000 Haavn rte 430 

4416600 Do -A- LV 380 

■ He n da ra on Am 144', 

9263600 Htgrv-Fwn 195 

2*00.000 HWaand Ptvr 80 
105m H* Eraonom 03 

1120.000 Hooson 30 

8838600 Hodgson 110 

4,838600 HeSnHfdrnman T20 

296m Homes 6 Uarchara 870 
_ «« 

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■- 2 ' - 22 
1-8 ‘ 117 

-1 2 A 

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4-10 37 

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24 261 
19 .. 
86 114 

25 467 
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15 183 
45 95 
4 4 114 
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274m Home j^raoert) 











72 172 
21 261 
IS 159 
72 92 
17 169 
66 114 
12 134 
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26 106 
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34 7 T 197 

17 69 2.4 

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2232600 Hu^brcdeac 9b 

20 8m Hunt Sjprw 133 

165m Hirta^hWi 195 

7668.000 WSTEM '175 

2.720.000 kmec • 17 

206m fnd Scot Energy 06 

557*600 Wraflad 85 *4 

105m kueraDippa Teen 210 -» 

1.620.000 marwaon 0 *1 

1540.000 DO 7% 195 *57 

174m tarsal (Jach L) 27 •-! 

7403600 JSD Comp 1*5 

382m JS Patnotogy 32 0 -5 . 

15.7m Jaquos Van 173 

1.950000 Joyptant 55 ..*7 

- 060 000 Jabsans A - ■- 

060* 000 Jonosan 6 Jorn 123 - -T . 

H 8m. JcFnsnnes. Pasta 113 

<500JJ00-Ji«Jtun>ar .. -80.. -VS.. 

*. 181m KIP.. . . 105 0*S 

9560600 Kent (JOtwJ 83:.. *7. J 

6303600 Xenpon Secs 700 . -5 

A278000 Kewd Systems 78 • Ktarh-Tann* 75 

607*600 LPA InO 93 . 

5378.000 Ladhrw 63 

9.783600 Laoura im *2 

245m Unmet 103 

3.885000 COOS Cara . - * 

10.7m Lon a Ovosside- 110 
191m Loro ema 190 

- 289K60Q Lysandar Per IB 

• - 4 3 SSS W ® , « 

1.733.000 Normal .. 70 

]2_a» M»rtn (Ronald) - 190 

IJOaOOO MaupraV 

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6 1b 05 233 
+12 57- 24 214 
■ .. 1.1 261A7 

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44 146L. 
54 120 
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128m Uayfae Cm 
177m Mayiwwe Foods 
*26m H kocow Fmm 
15 5m MeOta Tech 


3229000 Uamory Comp 13 
1.178600 Mamctyn tad Mdgs 23 

18£»n Memiwr-SMtain 
ll.Bm Mtarydcyan Wni 
9L921 000 llasu Bulatn 
1423 000 Man soatta 
126m Metsec 
6023.000 Uichaal Malm) - 
545* MicroHm — 
9233.055 llaero 
6539600 MdUna Marts 
174m Mdswmam tins 
11 im umrard Breen 
1705600 Mss Wodd 


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i&ta Momma Cm 120 

272m Mononpa lag 

1638600 Money (RW 49 

4.996000 Homs (Wtafl 16 

2860600 Moss Advartrsma 70 

105m Museemn 158 

l&flm NUW Coup . 290 . 

5467600 New Cl Net Am 17 

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335600 Do TOk. £85 

■ 1.44m NtlHJD - 13- 

6330.000 Norank 129 

4 . 157.000 Nonmei so 

6464.0M tteracat Hotels 113 

6A81 000 mi SM 1 Gen 2i 

2491000 Otatao taap ec 35 

. Opnnetncs 28 

l9ta Osborne 0 Udi 279 

lB4m Owners Abroad 32 





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62*0600 ParaneraM U6 

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1 Paul M Lets 90 

.. iPrntan 32 

154m Penny a g*n ito 

31.7m Pape Group 135 

B.4M6Q0 Perroom 126 

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— — Personal CompuMr .. 
9419400 Patera iMcnaaq 140 

24794M pS35"R«k> 30 / 

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6385400 Pixnaptm 115 

1435400 Prapeny TU I Op 4V 

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104m OmlM 230 

6B2.000 Radio C*y W 31 
2298400 RadO Oyda 40 

1600 HadKd 110 

2526400 RamcoOl 15 

2885600 R*1»*. 90 

1710000 RMl Tkns ConM 53 
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• 7581000 R»en (DAS •iS" 
2*00600 PnotmM • . . CD 

2699.000 Bode a Nolan 01 

- -104m Ruddta {G). .. 385 . 

tAlnSAC - ... 114 

11 4m Sangars Pnoto ..90 
3.402000 Saponas Pm 18 

10.8m Sawga 125 

*572000 Scar-o 140 

9403600 ScanWrtc 90 

489*1 Scot Hantt&a 170 

7772000 Secuncuara 105 

3.158600 SatacTV 23 

314m Snma tkug an 345 
347^400 Steam Jones 75 

• Slam Sheraton Sac 47 

769D600 Sharwood. CoTO 210 

. 11 2m Strata • 140 

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2960600 Sourttrada 37 

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6.772000 SW Basxaca, 13 

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5510.000 Spate* Tata 140 

3.DB&.000 Speeds Auto S 

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0400000 Splash St 

0400600 StantaM IM 100- 

4,001400 Sanetao 2000, 

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494* T-V AM ISIV 

8 017.000 Task Forea 110 

6380000 Tay Homes 120 

A 165400 Tech For But 103 

0496.000 Tsen Comp 310 

6,188600 T«aeory»a)ng IX 

105m Tat 8am tai 133 

145m Therm* 100 

51.9m Them Scraedfle 235 

1.0*0.000 Thorpac 80 

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7401.000 Trade Mxnotton 139 

' 39 4m Trancbenwod 420 

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11* Tyna Teas -A’ '245 

1632000 Uto Caramta 75 

826m DM FrtanOy 545 

4.153 000 U« Packaging 90 

5485400 UMr (Firndf 85 

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30* **n Ataanea 
104 9m Amor Trust 

192 9m Amj Amet Sac 
110 7m wsme Assae 

99 Oa Bankors 
80 4m Berry 
213 Im Br ASbCK 
*94n Br Empra Sec 
2620m Br |n» 

57 Cm Brunner 
70 3m Crescent Japan 
17 7m DeiDV Inc 
19 7m DO Cjd 
lOB Bm Drjvmn Cons 

28 3ai Drayton Far East 
188 om cwayion Japan 
33 Ora Dundee Lon 
74 im E*n Amer Asset 
397 7m EonMgn 
62 9m EVWnc Gen 
3? Am EngfcVi Im 
PS 3m En^ rn Sa 
no 4m Etwi 
*9 9m F a C Arkarma 
iCU5m *IC PaoK 
£375000 F»u Ctunode 
994m Fni Sew Amer 

Fir-.l Un Gen 

95 im Ftpramg Anwrcan 
32 8m Prorrmg Chid 
31 lm Ftaneng Ementane 
104 4m Fienmg Far EdSI 
16Sm Remng Radgimg 
1048m TVminq jaoan 
229 7m Fkamng hWCJnNg 

193 3m Frami ng Overseas 
5" 5m fVmmn Tech 

03 3m F«mng Urutersal 
172 9m For Cm 
£4 0m Gac CapiUI 

40 7m GT jionn 

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213 9m Gcvcn Snaiertv 




































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34 8m Japan Asxats 
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782m Rills' 6 Mere 
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TR Natural Res 217 

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TR Paofie Beam 172 

TR Prapeny 1C 

TR TeOI 103 

TR Trusses 150 

Tampta Bs 152 

Throg Secured Cap 3S5 
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Fed will 
not face 

From Maxwell Newton 
New York • 

The pace of the US economy 
continued to slow in June and 
July. The revised index of 
leading Indicators was down 
0.1 per cent in May and June. 
The rate of increase of payroll 

employment in the three 

months to July was down 40 
per cent on the average of 1985 
and down . 32 per emit on: the 
average of ihe-_first four 
months of J986. 

Factory orders continued to 
dedine-There has been a drop 
of almost 5 per cent in all 
factory orders since January 

and a drop of 5 per emit in 
d arable goods orders. Non- 
durable goods orders have 
dropped 5.1 per cent 

This - confirms .the general 

impression of steady decay in 
the majndbctnring sector, a 
trend partially concealed by 
erroneous figures relation to 
June durab! 
released last 

There was a massive trade 
deficit of more than $14 hOlkm 
in June — including $2 billion 
Of gold shipments to Japan 
.without which the. deficit 
would have exceeded $l6 bfl- 

A farther big weakening of 
die dollar will have to occur 
before the trade deficit is 
brought under control. There 
is already informed talk of the 
yen rising above 130 and die 
mark above 1.88. 

Meanwhile, die Federal Re- 
serve is anting as if nothing is 
happening. Tne federal funds 
rate is still at 6 Vi, well above 
the level needed for a drastic 
cut in US nominal interest 
rates. Interest rates have 
edged op in recent weeks, with 
the 30-year bond almost up to 
7.5 per cent yield. There is an 
extraordinary sense of indif- 
ference in official dudes. This 
is reflected in the contmmng 
indifference of the stock mar- 
ket to the economic trends. 

The US, having forced the 
initial appreciation of the yen, 
can now see the Japanese 
economy grind to a halt Now 
the Taiwanese and Sooth 
Koreans have been told by Mr 
Janies Baker, the Treasury 
Secretary, they too: most 
appreciate their currencies. 
West Germany and Japan 
should stimulate their econo- 
mies. If this happened, the Fed 
and the Administration tell ns, 
thing s would go much better. 

'/ .The US, however, bar done 
fitde or nothing io-deal-witfa 
the basic problem ofe-over- 
coosumptioa,- low "savings, 
abysmal economic growth and 
negligible productivity growth. 

The confasMHi and fjrastra- 
tion is reflected in the New 
York bond market. Yields rose 
last month and have not fallen 
significantly mnee Maidir de- 
spite evidence of a contin n iiig 
deterioration in the rate « 
economic growth. Traders are 
baffled and bewildered by die 
contrast between official state- 
ments and the reality they 

As happened in 1982, die 
Fed is hang in g on fo hi gh 
interest rates until the last 
moment When the crack oc- 
curs, nominal rates wfil be 
likely to fall as much a£ one- 
third. The earliest time when 
the Fed is expected to admit 
defeat is Labour Day, Septem- 

( gilt-edgedT ) 

Sleep soundly, traders 

In this column last week, 
George Hodgson put forward 
a provocative thesis about 
government funding involv- 
ing afl the usual monetary 
subjects guaranteed to send 
the experts rushing for the hot 
towels, including by implica- 
tion, that subject whose in- 
tricacies have made strong 
men weep — the bill moun- 
tain. In the words of Ernest 
Bevin, “If you open that 
Indore’s Box you never 
know what Trojan 'ones will 
jump out”. Fascinating and 
instructive though Hodgson's 
arguments was, I think it is 

The argument has -three 

i) The contention that the 
authorities are now actively 
trying to control MO; 

ii) An accounting-identity.-, 
linking changes in MO with 
the CGBR, net sales of gov- 
ernment debt, and money 
market assistance by the Bank 
of England; 

iii) The contention that the 
difficulties of money market 
management will oblige die 
authorities to conform to this 
relationship by matching the 
level of fonding to the CGBR, 

' This then yidds the conclu- 
sion that since the CGBR is 
likely to be much higher than 
the PSBR (perhaps £10 billion 
as against £7 billion) funding 
will probably turn out to be 
much higher this year than the 
market expects. 

In my view, each link in this 
chain is weak. 1 take them in 

Although MO is an official 
monetary target, the authori- 
ties have never given any sign 
of trying to control it or even 
given a hint of their prepared- 
ness to control it at any stage 
in the future. There is a very 
good reason : they cannot 
control MO. And they know 

if- , " ; . 

Why can't' the authorities 
directly control MO? Nearly 
90% of MO consists of notes 
and coin held by the public, 
which they regard as inter- 
changeable with deposits in 
banks. But the banks hold 
very little by way of notes and 
coin themselves, and the bare 
minimum of~ deposits at' foe 

Bank 'of England, which “are 
mterchangeablewifo notes.- So 
if the public should demand 
more notes and coin than is 
compatible with foe official 
monetary target, foe authori- 
ties have a choke, between 
supplying foe cash and forcing 
the banks to dishopour . their 
bbligatioriS' to' Convert tiejfos- 
its intocaste:..“'.i. r;;;'.:’. 1 ; 

In view of foe serious 
consequences of following the 
second course, foe authorities, 
in practice, always follow the 
first-But they can choose foe 
interest rate at -which to 
relieve- foe shortage of liquid- 
-ity- caused by/ an’ increased 
demand.. for notes- Although 
this gives them the option of 
raising interest rates in re- 
sponse to increased demand 
for MO, it is unlikely to have 
more than a minimal effect on 
foe public's demand for notes 
and coin. 

Coming back to the 
aCcountingTdentity: ' " 

Changes in MO = CGBR — 
net sales of government "debt 
+ money market assistance by 
foe Bank. 

All of the hems on the right- 
hand side of the identity sign 


Figures for periods 1982/83 to 

82/83 83/84 84/85 
Ebn Ebn £bn 



CGBR l # 

Local authority borrowing *2./ 

Public corporation borrowing’ -1 

PSBR 83 













. Source: CSO 

are under the duett control of way, foragri jn jc^of unto 
foe authorities. How can this funding of foe ^BR . (and 
be squared with my comen- hence a 
lion that the authorities can- effect on ^ 

not. in practice, control MO? achieve a reductl0n of 
Is foe identity wrong? the bill mountain. _ 

It is noL In an accounting This happy rrault is not a 

sense it is correct, but it says 
nothing about the demand for 
foe variables, .concerned; and 
nothing about the authorities’ 
policy objectives which gov- 
ern tlte supply*- '• * 

Suppose foe public's de- 
mand for notes and coin 
exceeds foe official target 
range for MO. With a given 

mere coincidence. It is foe 
result of deliberate policy. In 
July of last year foe. Treasury 
altered foe terms on which 
local authorities and- puhlic 
corporations could borrow 
from central government with 
the express intention of mak- 
ing such borrowing more 
attractive. The aim was to 

j ppKt. ivi iuv« *■ ftftu m cr , | > 

level of foe CGBR, foe tden- persuade them to reptece their 

titv will be maintained by the own borrowing with central 

-. 1 . ■ 

authorities either cutting, back 
on funding, or, more likely, 
providing extra money market 
assistance. The identity holds, 
but in this instance -MO goes 
up. If they choose not to 
supply the cash, then foe 
identity holds and MO does 
no! move. But interest rates 
would soar and, depending 
upon foe tanks' level of excess 
of liquidity, the whole finan- 
cial system could be 
daggered! .. Either . way 

government borrowing This 
had been going, on for a*| 
number of years, but, with the. 
benefit of further encourage-, 
ment, it happened on a 
particularly large scale over 
foe last financial year. 

To foe extent that local 
authorities and public 
corporations use the funds 
thus acquired to repay 
borrowing outside foe banking 
en- system.' then this .would not 
foe help- foe authorities' objec- 

identity holds, but the eco- lives: For it would, count as 
nomir impact is rather negative ^funding of the PSBR, 

And now to the current 
policy position. Suppose foe 
PSBR turns out to be £7 
billion, as forecast and the 
GCBR £10 billion. Can foe 
authorities comfortably 
square this with setting overall 
net . funding ;■ at ..£7 - biff ion, 
rather than tlO billiion? . . 

. They can. Suppose foe 
public's demand for notes and 
coin to be given. If the 
authorities fully fund foe 
PSBR and not foe CGBR, the 
consequence is a surplus in foe 
money markets of £3 billion, 
which foe authorities must 
take out iffoey wish foe leyel 
of interest -rates to -remain 
unchanged, the most suitable 
way to achieve this would be a 
sale of commercial bills from 
foe Bank's holdings. This 
causes no problems for the 
management of monetary pol- 
icy. And it can -take .place 
without affecting MOi 
-* If -the : authorities- 'wish- to 
influences interest rates one 
way sr. another: they can still 
do so by over- or under-egging 
foe bill sale, although this will 
have foe effect of temporarily 
and in a relatively minor way 
altering MO. - 

If. as against our simplifying 
assumption,, fotsoperatibh oc- 
curs against lheljackgroundof 
a riang demand Tor notes and 
coin, the authorities ■witi havC 
to make extra liquidity avail- 
able. Accordingly, foe size of 
foe bill sale needed to absorb 
surplus cash will be 
correspondingly reduced. 

So far from causing prob- 
lems for foe authorities, hav- 

and if foe authorities wished 
to maintain foe same level of: 
overall funding, they would 
have to make up for this with, 
increased gilt sales. 

It however, they instead 
used the funds to repay bank 
borrowing, then the level of 
outside funding of foe PSBR 
would be unaffected. Hie local 
authorities and public 
corporations would reduce the 
level of foe banks’ lending by 
paying off this debt, but the 
sale of commercial bills by foe 
Bank of England to foe bank- 
ing system to absorb foe 
concomitant money- market 
surplus '-would- restore, foe 
banks' -levels of lending. . fn 
practice, bank lending, to the 
public sector has fallen quite 
sharply over the last year, and 
so foe policy must be counted 
a success. 

What is foe conclusion? 
Net funding this year is likely 
to be set at £7 billion or so.-in 
line - witb-O the:. -Chancellor's 
PSBR;prqjectians..oc possibly 
slightly lessL' Wifo? National 
Sayings likely to bring in £2-3 
billion, and foe possibility of 
significant intervention on foe 
exchanges to support the 
pound providing external fi- 
nance, net gill sales this year 
may amount to £3-4 billion. . . 

. The message for gill traders 
is thisr foere may be plenty of 
things to worry about in 
relation to the gilt market, 
notably foe rate of earnings 
increases, foe state of foe 
pound, and the political situa- 
tion. But whatever else you 
worry about, don’t lose any 
sleep over the idea that fund- 

ing aiarger CGBR than PSBR— ing will be driven up to match 
helps them. It enables.them to a bloated CGBR 

run .down'tfe.bUf mountain 
without uutief-fundihg the 
PSBR and without therefore 
increasing foe broad money 
supply. Putting this another 

^ ^ Boatle 

The author is a director and 
chief economist of Lloyds Mer- 
chant Bank. 






NYortc I>3l5-1.4930 
Montreal 2JM94-a0597 


Brussel 64.03-8454 
Cplwon 11.6383-11.7441 
CM* 1.0488-15511 
Lfstjon 21645-219,36 
Madrid 2004020257 


Pans 1 6.0550-1 0.1 426 105815-10X1787 

StTrhUn 10,3320-10.4010 1033*6-10-3490 

Tokyo 22&00-22&&9 2Za09-22847 

Vienna 21.70-21.96 21.72-21.75 

Zurich 24782-25036 2478324844 

Strafing Index compered w*tM975 

£049400529 0J1-O22prem 
34906-34954 • IVlUprom 

64.09-64-28 18-13prem 

11.6783-11.7011 IKJKprem 

1 .Q504-1. 0514 4-1 OrS 

3.0930-3.0973 ISMUprejn 

216.66-21828 66-1 60db 

— 20044-200.73 35-8ttSs 

212140-2144.70 2122-12-212652 par-3rfa 

10 5770 -1 1.0460 105779-105SZ7 * 4-4*03- 


3 months 
150-1 55prorn 


1 __ 

_ 6Vt-6rtpranr 


down wtrta (der% range TU-rUQ. 




Austral* dQBar 

Bahrein dinar 

BrezS ennsdo * , 


15707-15733 belaud 

Greece drachma. 
Hong Kong dolar 
tixha ogjee 
Iraq dinar ^ 

Kuwait (finer KO 
Max co peso 
New Zealand dolar 
Saucfi Arabia rfyal 
Singapore dofiar . 
South Africa rand 
U A Edirham 
•Lloyds Bank 

— 2051-80.84 Australia 

. 0.7250-0-7350 Canada 

. 74150-7.4660 Sweden 

200-5020250 Norway ^ 

. ir.620-11530 :Demnai1t_^£_ 
TR 55-18-75 West Germany 










3530Q-R2400 Hong Kong 
3.7300-3.7700 Portugal 
5459554986 Spsart 

BasrRatee% - 

Clearing Benfcs 10' 

TOuneis House 10 ~ " 

Utacoun Market Loans %' 

saneass,?* 1 " 8 *; 

neasury Ms (Discount %) 


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New step planned for the 

-moving dance 

■ The pattern of movement in 
the GryLrescznWfis nothing so , 
touch as a. .slow, elaborate 
dance -in '• which - everyone 
changes partners,, but no-one 
knows the steps beeausemany 
hsrvestifl to> be decided on. Yet 
there is not much time before 
big- bang, the signal for the 
music- to quicken, , turning 
stalely progress into a heller 
skelter. — '■"■ ' ■ v 

Still, the process: grinds on 
and tomorrow the Gty wfll 
move another step towards 
defining who' can: do what, 
after October 27. The- Counci] 
of the Stock Exchange mil 
have laid before it the 
Committee .on Quotations 1 
definitive -proposals on 
shareholders 1 lights in equity 
issues.' • . . r. ‘ 7 . 

.While . the proposals will, 
cover ‘flotations ami. pre- 
emption rights, most con- 
troversy surrounds the latter. 
Jt appears likely that, although 
the rules could change some- 
what, preemption rights will 
in practice largely be pre- 
$erved,and this will be seen as 
a victory for the lnvestor 
Protec tio n CommitteesflPCs) 
of the investinginstitiitrons. - 
.■ The institotions, however, 
are not only -members of. the 
IPCs and major shareholders 
in Britisfa industry. They are 
also the recipients of under- 
writing commission on rights 
issues, and therefore have a 
serious : conflict of interest 
when it . comes to- any- dis- 
cussion ofthe alternative mer- 
its of --rights issues : -versus 
bou^it dtals: : _ 
v* Pre-emption • rights allow 
shareholders icf mamtain the ir 
percentage interest hi the com- 
pany if they want -to (See 
right).. As members of the 
IPCs, the institutions are con- 
cerned to preserve-these rights 
so that shareholders’ interests 
■are not riiluted bv manage- 
I ments who may place - blocks 
*of shares in “friendly" hands. 

' . The bought' deal, on the 
[other hand, can offer positive 
‘advantages to the buaness. It 
is qnidc ahd gives access to 
wider financial resources, 
increasing the opportunity to 
raise ; large sums of. money 
while: also broadening the 
shareholder : base. ...'As 
-shareholders; therefore, the 
institutions should be con- 
cerned that the companies of 
which they are.: members 
should be able to compete 
internationally for capital and 
raise money, on the finest 
terms.- -.- ... . 

, It isdifficnlt^to say>riiethear 
- the rights issue or ahe taught 
deal is cheaper. The true cost 
of a rights issue is about 5 per 
cent of the money raised, of 
which 2 per cent is imderwrit- 
ing commission and the bal- 
ance professional- fees. 
Typically, the shares are of- 
fered at a significant discount 
— 10 or .15 per oent is hot 
uncommon. But because the 
shares are being offered to 
shareholders only, this is more 
akin to- a. bonus issue than a 

’When companies want to 
use uew unity , capital to .(and 
their activities, there are two 
■ principal ^ ways - of doing it — 
tte'r^fds issue; .the method 
pm-aOrng m Britain, and the 
so-called bought deal, more 
common in the United States. 

. issue preserves 

.which is the right 

of shareholders to participate 
in any secondary share offer- 
ins in proportion to their 
eustiug shareholdings. The 
bought deal, in contrast, air 
Joss the company to issue a 
Mock of egmty for cash to a. 
fl—wrial - intennedhuy for 
pladug to the market, asaaHy 
wftfr institntions who may or 

mfl^ not already be sharefaold- 
ers in the issumg company. . 

A third important way of 
raish^ .equity icapHaJ is the 
vendor pfodng,- whrareby the 
vendor of a company receives 
shares ht the aaporing com- 
pany. as considenitionfor the 
sale. Some or all of the shares 
can subsequently be placed or 
sold in the market The only 
restrictions imposed are (a) 
that where the ' shares are 
-offered t at a discount to the 
market price, the discount 
mast not exceed 10 per cent 
and (b) the. number of shares 
issued in any one year cannot 
exceed SO per cent of the:share 
capital already issued. 

Shareholder approval is 

needed, not to waive pre- 
emptive rights, hot only to 
increase the share capital if 

'need'he.. : • 

ft. Is a paradox tint vendor 
pladngs ~ should be so well 
accepted as an established 
mechanism for raising equity 
while there is so mnab resis- 
tance to the use of the booght 
deal. In both types of deal, the 
pre-emptive rights of the 
shareholders can be ignored, 
so in principle, there is no 
difference between filiewa. 

- What distinguishes them is 
fliat in the vendor placing, the 
proposed' acquisition has been 
identified, whereas in . the 
boaght deal, the company is 
free to use the cash as it wants. 

In contrast, the “cost" of a 
bought deal is the discount to 
the mmket price at which the 
financial intermediary takes 
the stock prior to placing it If 
bought deals were to become 
commonplace, there is no 
reason why they should cost 
any more than 3 per cent, as 
competition wifi keep the 
discounts down. Bur most of 
the profit on the deal will go to 
the . financial' intermediary 
who will be doing the placing. 
There will be no underwriting 

Ibis highlights the major 
conflict of interest As under- 
writers, the institutions do not 
-want to lose the commission. 

The Stock Exchange seems 
likely to .recommend that the 
shareholders in general meet- 
ing ea» waivts thor . pre- 
emptive rights; mid. gjve the 
company permission to raise 
cash via plarings, but that 
permission must be renewed 
each year. 

This is more restrictive than 
the legal requirements under 
the Companies Acts. The law 
require? only -that permission 
be renewed: every -five years; 
The annual renewal wifi per- 
mit greater control, by 

The Stock Exchange may 

alto decide that it will no 
longer require specific. issues 
to be approved -when they 
arise, raising the hope, or even 
the expectation, that the 
bought deal could become as 
commonplace in Britain as in 
the US. 

Such an expectation is un- 
likely to be fulfilled, and the 
obstacle will be the continuing 
implacable opposition of the 
institutional shareholders; In- 
deed. many: companies have 
approvals to -waive .-pre- 
emption rights already, de- 
spite the need to have specific 
issues approved. But the waiv- 
ers often limit new issues to S 
per cent of the capital in issue, 
presumably because the 
sharehold^rs, 7 .of- which the 
Insthnnojisi are. usually; Star 
majority, will not j- vote jn, 
favour of anything m'ord. 

Even tf the Stock Exchange 
relaxes its rules, it is still likely 
to be more restrictive than. the. 
law. This win strengthen the 
hand of the institutions who 
appear likely to continue to try 
to Mock bought deals ;in the 
name of investor protection. 
-Tbe evjdence for thisliesin ■ 
recent attempts IP increase 
shareholder rights in vendor 
plarings, such as in the case of 
the Dee Corporation. There, 

the institutions were success- 
ful in raising the. amount of 
the issue offered to sharehold- 
.'ersto 75 per cent from 25 per 
-cent. In the event; sharehold- 
ers only look up 25 per cent 
making the whole exercise of 
questionable value. 

Private investors will not be 
offered stock in plarings, but 
many of them object to rights 
-issues anyway. They tend to 
.be resentful of constant. tie- 
- mauds for cash;: They usually 
regard the needto take action 
on the. offer document as a 
nuisance, and can expect to 
see the price of their shares foil 
as a result of the cash call an 
effect the bought deal on the 
whole avoids. . 

Shareholders, including in- 
epee. - in' .the 
tents they have in- 
vested in to give! them the 
"flexibility' to use the whole 
range of financial services now 
springing tip. After all, vendor 
plarings are allowed, and it is 
but a short step from the 
vendor pforing to the bought 
4t "wrong, -they wifi have : to 
account for their actions at the 
next shareholders' meeting. : 

Carol Ferguson 

faces tough 
bid battle 

By Judith Huntley 
Commercial Property 

Property Holding* Invest- 
ment Trust, the subject of a 
hostile £108 million bid from 
Greycoat Group, a rival devel- 
oper, will unveil its. defence 
today. The classic defence in 
such cases is to revalue the 
portfolio and boost the net 
asset value. - • • 

Phil’s last revaluation, for 
the year to March -31, 1986, 
showed a 14.5 per cent in- 
crease in the value of its 
properties, which are heavily 
weighted to London offices, 
its NAV was I58p a share, 7.5 
per cent up on the previous 

It revealed every aspect of 
its present and future develop- 
ment programme, bringing 
the total to £76 million. They 
were moves to convince, the 
market that Phil is not, as 
Greycoat accuses it of bring, 
merely a rent collector and not 
an active "developer. — 

Gty sentiment appears to 
be going Phil's way. 

Greycoat's share price fell 
after the bid announcement, 
making its cash offer worth 
more than the share offer. It 
will be difficult for Greycoat 
to improve -th e offer after 
successively scaling ii down 
during the six months of talks 
before Greycoat made its hos- 
tile hid. 


TODAY — Interims: 
Commercial Bank of the Near 
East. Cons Co.- Bulfontein 
Mine, T Cowfe (expected Au- 
gust’S), Griqualand West Di- 
amond, STC. Finals: Lawrie 
Group, Nordic Investment 
Trust, Peel Holdings, Rush & 

TOMORROW - Interims: 
British Alcan Aluminium, 
Cannon Street Investments, 
Glynwed International- Ken- 
nedy Brookes, :Pleasurama. 
Fhuds^Dalepak Foods; Ham-: 
bro Currency Fund, Millfields 
Investments; Unitech. 

WEDNESDAY — Interims: 
Akzo NV, Guest, Keen & 
NettiefoJds, Klein won, Ben- 
son, Lonsdale, Relyon Group, 
Rodime (quarterly), Rotork, 
Securicor Group. Securicor 
Services, Smith . & Nephew 
■ Associated- Companies, ; 
;St6ckley, Yorkshire Ghemir 
cab. Finals: Sydney Q Banks, • 
London & Gartmore Invest- 
ment Trust. Oceonics Group, 
Property Security Investment 

THURSDAY — Interims: 
Barclays, BOC Group (third 
mikrter), Davies:* Metcalfe,: 
iJJicksbh International ; Taw ' 
i Debenture Gorpdraliaii,^ 
-Royal - Dutch Petroleum, 
“Shell" Transport and Trad- 
ing, n Group, TR Gty of 
London Trust. Finals: 
Gtosycuot Square Properties, 
W illiam Jackson & Son, Scot- 
. lish, English & European Tex- 
tiles, Scottish & Mercantile^ 
^Iiivestjneut. Joseph Webb. * 
FRIDAY - Interims: Affiance 
Triist, Conder Group, JW 
Spear & Sons. Finals: Ewart 
New Northern. 


Laager economy would 
be easy to swallow 

The .financial implications of sanc- 
tions against. South -Africa may not 
affect the aignment, but offer an 
intriguing picture of myopia, self- 
interest and masochistic tendencies. 

While diplomats argue, market 
forces have already hurt South Africa. 
Lobbies of depositors, and worsening 
risk, led American batiks sot to renew 
.credit lines last summer, precipitating 
a currency crisis, a debt moratorium 
and two-tier exchange controls. Un- 
rest in South Africa, -domestic pres- 
sure in the West and a poor outlook 
for the rand, have sharply reversed 
investment flows-The financial rand 
now trades at less than half the 
commercial rand, which has itself 
fallen by 17 per cent since April. 

: These market sanctions hurt mainly 
because they were unofficial The 
Stiuth African ^government was anx- 
ious to keep the business-as-usual sign 

.out It had to tighten its belt to placate 
the bankers, and soothe remaining or 
potential investors. Property pur- 
chases were added to the financial 
rand system on Friday, to encourage 
foreigners to buy on the cheap in a de- 
pressed market 

. Swingeing mandatory official sanc- 
tions could evoke a quite different 

reponse and nu^tl^ve - Soutfi~Afhca 
better off as a siege economy. 

There are three available packages. 

The list left on the table from Nassau 
includes: a ban on new investment or 
reinvestment of profits earned in 
South Africa; the termination of 
double taxation agreements; a ban on 
agricultural imports and cutting air 
links. The non-shopping list of pro- 
sanctions countries in the European 
Economic Community featured coal, 
steel, wine; fruit and vegetables. 

Senator Richard Lugar's US Senate 
Bill wants to ban new investment, 
bank loans, coal and uranium, with a 
back up threat to imports of steel, 
textiles, agricultural products and 

. Financial sanctions look the barmi- 
est since market forces have .already 
achieved the .object. They ' would 
chiefly punish foreigners and remove 
the incentive for Pretoria to stay 
within international financial rules. 

Shares of companies with South 
African interests fell last week for that 
reason, rather . than the threat to 
enterprises .on. the., ground, in South 
Africa. -A j ; coiifidfential ' Common- 
wealth Secretariat memorandum to 
heads of state at the mini summit 
notes that, on the balance of invest- 
ment, the British and others would 
lose for more from ending double 
taxation agreements than the South 
Africans.- - : ■ - • ; 

:;if bank loans were-banned^ there 
-would be nor : jpoint ini South Africa; " exports through nei; 
torvicing- existing loans. It might just ' - - 

as well declare a moratorium , for the 
duration. That would ease the strain 
on its balance of payments at the 
expense of British and German banks. 

If there were a veto: both on new 
investments and-; on: retention of 
profits made in Souths Africa, Presi- 
dent Botha should logically — in the 
post-imperial manner — expropriate 
subsidiaries of companies from coun- 
tries imposing the sanctions. This 

would ease the present drain of 
investment capital. 

Once adjustments have been made. 
South Africa need not be too short of 
money, since it mines about £6 billion 
a year of gold currency, and no-one 
has seriously suggested a full ban on 
this. The Senate scheme for official 
American gold sales to depress the 
price would not please other produc- 
ers such as Canada, Australia or 
Brazil not to mention the Soviet 
Union, which needs to sell to buy 
American grain. 

The dollar gold price has been rising 
for fear of disruption to the mines 
rather than sanctions. The rand's fall 
has also cut costs, boosting an 
industry that accounts for 1 1 per cent 
of gdp - provided output can be kept 
up. Gold has helped South Africa's 
developing economy overcome the 
inefficiencies caused by apartheid. It 
would certainly help a siege economy 
for which the country has long 
prepared. The same applies to plat- 
inum or diamonds. 

Comprehensive bans on other 
South African exports might similarly 
lead to the laager. No wonder Britain 
and West Germany objected. To- 
gether, they enjoyed a £2.2 billion 
trade surplus with South Africa in 
1984. To inflict maximum damage at 
minimum cost, banning one import 
after another would be more 

Here, however, self-interest comes 
into play. It is no accident that EEC 
talks focused on items which Commu- 
nity countries produce and where 
there is an overall glut, although coal 
and steel are certainly important 
South African exports. 

The Commonwealth memorandum 
shows in product-by-product detail 
how rival Commonwealth suppliers 
could take South Africa's market 
Share: Australia and New Zealand for 
wool; Australia, Botswana, India and 
Zambia for coal; Canada and Austra- 
lia for uranium — having already 
. profited from the Krugerrand ban. 

Neighbouring states face a tougher 
equation. South Africa has already 
fired a warning shot by licensing 
imports from Zimbabwe. It recently 
almost strangled Lesotho. But there 
could be offsetting benefits. 

South Africa's US steel and sugar 
import quotas might be transferred to 
its neighbours. British airlines are 
already battling'to fly to Botswana. 
More practically, the Secretariat notes 
their problems could be met by “an 
appropriate mix of flexible im- 
plementation procedures and inter- 
national assistance". Inevitably, that 
means some of the trade diversion 
would be diversion of South African 

_ states. 

Market forces undermine sanctions 
as well as tottering apartheid. In 
distant Helsinki they are already on 
to that Finnish transport workers 
have extended their South African 
trade ban to Botswana, Lesotho and 
Swaziland, having noticed a sus- 
picious rise in business with these 
poor neighbours. Such is the twisted 
logic of sanctions. 

Graham Searjeant 

awarded by the University of Lancaster 

The following degrees are an- 
nounced ■ by the University of 
Lancaster: . -- - . 

BA- ; 

Major Amounting ud Finance 
Ctasa 'fe s c Trueman: A M watt*. 
CSm9 (Pt* 0? R:M BaUrM A Brnrs 

L -Pendleton: AL Sttfektx . P E amuon: 
T Slater: G TWkanOUaBK 5rww 
-D J-WriBht 

ctani (Mrms M J Arnold: a PjgDU 
H r BMrttaazJ a ft Baw aTl J Bmto n; 
D J Hyme: XT"K~CltMi: G 
DeroszfcJewtcc J A Oowen: U 

Classical Studies 

Ctml(DI* l)iKD FearSA McNeUL 
dm t XDJ*. »* C A Crouch: I C 
Gouda: »J Healy. 

Classical and Refighns Stadies 

Chua 1 (Mr D: M .Taylor. 


Computer Science 

can h S Horsley: A Howes: O W 


Me: S.P drahamf Jh&yr&J Green: A 


p J WMWey: S O wood. • 

CBBS tCW AstiOrsc AJ Wsa dc S J 
Mawny; P J PUIts: A D Priestley: TCS 
Roberts: M R Taylor: M Woodward, 
pats: D Moulder. • 

. Accounting and Economics 
dau 1 OMw D= M J Piua y 1 P J opec L 
H M Reeves: A S WWtetaW. 

Oats 2 (H* U>l M W Msoarfc RCN 

. Accounting ami Mathematics . 
Oats' 2 (DM D: J- A' Cro wley: C C 
Toentey: S J weaberby. 

Clast 2 (Mr 10: J R BaWwte R J 

Ancient History 
Ohn 1 (DM.' 0: J M Fitzpatrick. 

Class 9 (DM u>j A W McLennan. 

Ancient - History •••■ and 

dan-1 (DM l): D A Jackson. . 

'date 3 R J GrtftUto. 

Archaeology '* 

Matoiews, . 

Pass P ft Howsoru 

; - '.-BSC - -- 

Biochemistry ' 

Ctass t P-S-Boyd: C-L Myuot- 

A Maddtru P M Mawaon: J L Wlftow. 

' Class 1NR Jenklna: F W C SnOh. 

Biolockal Sciences 
Ct*u 1 D J Staler: J P HoWlcii. 
Class 2 aw n: R V Aider: P A 
Arrowsmluu J E Bmtamli^A M Hln d: 

P J. Jones: J A 

Lawrence: CP Saunders: H Stephens: 
M A Weedall: O wheMer. 

CMsaS (DM 0); a j Bariytc-N Beafc P 
Btotc ft L BnndwootL- J Burl on: J ft 
differ'd; ft AM OoiKW P P qcgtti qn: 
C D Hough: D A Johns: S J McHaM: 
M D Mulch: s N Ouayle: JR C M 


Ctass a (DM in: S Buckle: A Fc«er: R 
A Hjrt: A A JaCktonr A_D JohMoit S 
J Ridge: AD Sesnartn E SnUtb; A D 
Smy: C Snape; -K K Tam: R T 

Thobhanl: N A Tickle: P A 

wool/ enden. 

. Ctass *. M D SarraMe: B H Exon. 
Pass: C F Gram: S C K Stu. 


Computer . Science and 

Ctass liRM Crtfjftn. 

Ctass 2 (DM Ql-C A Btfd. 

Computer Science and 

- Mathematics 
Ctass 1: ■ Reid. 

Ctass a (DM O': R M Jackson; A J 
Martin.- -M j warby. 

Ctass 2 (DM rOrGMCndCkShank; E O 

Ctass * DP Price. 

BSC . 

Computer Science and Opera- 
• tioaal Research 

Ctass frCH Chau. 

Ctass a (DM G: W T Lau. 

Past: D R Halstead-' 


Ctass a (DM U): O. A J Had. 



Ctassa (DM irk 1 B Brown: S Foster J 
R Francis: A-M Radons. - 
Ctta * V Baiey: D A Payne: M W Sil- 

pass: G J Moore. 

. : 1 • ba 


Economics and Sociology 

Ctass 2 (Dtr l):PJ oanard. 

Educational Stadies - 
Ctass 2 (DM vyt M A Hughes. 

Educational Stadies and 
Ctass a (DM 10: j A Rlee. 
Educational Studies and 


Ctass a (DM t)r K Archer: A Petcher P 
H F Roberts: 

Ctass 2 (DM WIT- C L. Fisher. •_ 
Educational Studies and Sodal 

Ctass 2 (DM Q: H J Conway: F M 

Educational Studies and 

Ctass 2 (DM 4IK A C Rttbrtdner. 



Ctass t: C E Augarde: R Durkin: D ' 

Ctass 2 (DM D: N M Blethyn: T W 
Chan: K V Oteuk: S EJwoodi N P 
Shore:. J H Smith: A J Soar. M. C 
Sprague: A. M Vinsome. 

- Bell: 1 L 

. _ Farrow: 
.Leung: R P 

S Lrwts: R J TrafTord-Owen: S D 
Strattoru I N Sumsion: N J Urwtn: B P 
ward: J R Whiteiand. 

Ctass X R Hams: S_ P H unfe MM 
McElhlnney: p T McGrath: R Porada: 

K w Wong. 

Pdas: A M Abddh: MR Cobb: R J 
Flame: R M Garllek: C E Hatton. 



Ctau it A K Peters. 

Crookes: i 


Barr-Rl „ 
Crook: It P 

j Anderson: D C 
. K Broad: P A 
: R P Dodds; X P . 

Saundere: A 
5 A Short: J 

Walter; I N 

CtatakSBradtcKD Oortwju M Hook: 
A M MartdntMh: r m MoreU; 1 R 
Mcntmon: D J. Trowefl- • ■ 

Tuc N J WUcorab. 


Ctao tr. c Bunteit J P Obucnowier. 

CtaSI 2 (DM ft): J A MarrtotL 
Rum p m Pow«ti. 

Chemistry wifli Polymer Sdence 

Ctass k D A' GrernhIU. . 

Ctass > (DM B)i d S Corbett. 

Ctass. 3; p p Watan. 

Chemistry and Psychology 

Ctass 2 (DM IQ; a A CoonoUy- 

Proudcoot: J w SomDer: a A Woolley. 
Clan 2 (DM m:S P Baker: EM Ballad: 
R A Bates: KL G Batten: AJBafcir. N 
Birkln: R A Corbett A G Derails: D C 
Eanltay: P M Kaywanl: S M Higgins: 
S J Hurst: A Mivemy: KP Jones E 
Joy; D A Lavette: I Le Broca; H y 

3g&5.ErafiB i A 

Pass: S R Faruoid- . 

Ecoomnks end Geography 

Ctass 2 (DM 0='P W L LatABUUon- 
Jamtson. • 

' P Harare M 
A J Paddock: 

Economics aud Mathematics 
Class 2 (Div I): S F Hurley. 
Class 2 (Div n> M J Wright. 

Economics and Modern Histuy 
Ctass 2 (DM 0: j Lowe, 

Economics end Philosophy 

PUD J P Mason. -• 

Economics and Politics 

Ctass 2. (DM' l>: R J w«fe; D.J wood. 
Class 2 (DM H): C L Bailey.- T C 
Da\ks . , . 

2' (DM Q: S E Adams: J E C 

Anpleoy: S D fectn L J Betlta: A A F 
Brereton: A J Brookes: PMOrtiBA 
Daniels; EM B Eta vies A J Dyson: J 
GUUn: K Gray; J Green: JLM Hardy: 

K A Herbert: D Johnsoo; T C 
Kershaw: B KUker*. C E Liw rot: c | 

Macnen D E Manoare J E MOpIs A R - 
Okev: J Perekrest: N P Porteot* A 
PoullofU D c Rich: T L snaw: G A 
Shuwen: J K Smit hL H Ste vteBC J.S 
Seven&ore R S Thackray: p M 


Cttts 2 (DM R): N J Barker: R 
Baiemare M A Bentley: A Brown; K L 
Brown: Z J Camrthers: M S Cousins: 

N Dalton: s E Dann: J E.pernet^K 
Frith: L A Goowman: A ft Harm.- D F 
Heaton: ATHolliday: 1 Huieftmsore D 
R iniiW.S lane: G J LKWi: D A 
Lucas: R J Ludtojw: PMD McGrath: B 
M Nolan; J, J O’Neal: C L Oxiw L 
paaenko: L . W RcMmoo: P T 

■ CSnUh; A P 

C Stede: R 

p g Teuoro. 

Pass: A J Htseman. 

English and French Stadies 

Ctass 1 (DM . Dt C M Dodwell 
Ctass 3 (DM IQ; H iPCtartun: C V 

English and Italian Stadies 
Ctass 3 (DM Do J M Creaves 
Ctass 3 (DM H}< C Mlrmo. 

Bn glfach and Lingodstics 

emssa (D M|gi^ A Kiutcjc J A Shaw. 

Oaai 2 (PM H>: A M.M^necy. 

• English and Religions Studies 
Ctau 2 (DM n>: o E Maliby. 

English and Theatre Studies 

Ctass is M C Cullen. 

Ctau 2 (DM Q: M N Ashdown: F L 
Bennett: S M Sevan: E K Church: J L 
FaHhlull: C J Collin: W HBkn: A ft 
Kctne: p g Muiiey: C m Wmv*t. 
can 7 (DM It); S A Reeves: L G 


Environmental Sciences 
cun t: W M MUlw, P RohettsoR. 

Ctau 2 (DM MD Brunt: M G Fkher. 

G Smllh: A Staion: B J waits: -M 5 Cbn X F R DuitagjM A Undore 
wesL - EC Marten; C J Price. 

1 2 (Uv ID; J L Bty: J C Burtoott J 
Butlen-D F-C&ippara: A J Oolrtn: A A 
OotysS J Duckworth: N C«f Qrcen;l 
R Hamnson; D HerScrc 1 D Hole: S C 
Jones: R C Lambert: I J M ri tdvy A 
C Matthews: G Scholldd: M Smlm: P 
L Thurtey. K A TOfortl: J M Upton: P 
D wanon: K Welsh: D B Whittaker, p 

Ctau X D Ashmore: POT Bateson: B 
Coe; J P Cunningham: L N Essex: A J 
Haines: A C B Sealy: C Sianto^ F H 
Taylot; P J Taylor: A M TTuflud. 
Pass N C Carter: T H estop; R E 

- - BA 

_ _ : French Studies 

“ Denotes Distinction in spoken 
French •" ' 

Ctass 2 QHv l)s H E Barbour K A 
Edley: C Forenuui: C S M C L 

George: -B Hughes: T J Knltait: "P 
Kokle: J N Li*«nlndon; E C Mat- 
thews: K J Nonon: -J W 0*Lough)U; 
J Smith; L SOtes. 

1 (DM ID: U P Boyle: C 
HI Crude ji: J H wVd« - 
uyoen; u A March: G S Matthew*: L 
Min ward; t C Morgan: S Stanley- 

Ctass * S H Pechard; C M Robbie. 

- French and Gensan Studies 
“Denotes Distinction in spoken 

1 Ctau .2 - (DM Oi *C Anderson: D 
Bowden: j e Evans: I Gross: J M 

Ctass 2 (DM ID: S J Ansejl: R Bose: A 
E Kennedy: R J Moore: H J Morris: R 
R Randan: B Rowe. 

French and Italiau Studies 
“denotes Distinction in Spoken 

Ctau 7 JCDW p: A E Bryant: -j M 
Dtcdertcti: L M Jwk C J Mte C M 
MSitcaetjK S J NtcollK C X wafts. 
Ctau 2 . (DM IDs J A Boafcer O JlfJ 
ButterworUi: D _A Checnnond: G 
Humphrey: C M Porter: J C Wefts:. M 
R Wharton - 

French Studies and Phikwophy 
Ctau 2 (DM 0: D P Nottlnghain- 

Frendi Studies and 'Politics 
CtMl 7 (DM Or A S RoMns. 

French and Theatre Stadies - 

Ctau 2 (DM- Q: J S Allan. 


Glut 1: A J Cardy: C Gerrard. 

Ctau 2 (DM D; ft AmonetUt P J Boy Ik 
J P Brown: PJ Bruce: SCWP N 
A Cook: L C Cooling: J M Crabtree: H 
M Davlsqn: M T Dtason; v j Fursdon; 
S Jandauria; A Kenworthy: C A 
Liston: W f Miller. J-A F Palmer: A 
Powell: R e Queen; K E Rowland: A B 
Smith: R Taylor. A J Unsworn 
Ctau I (DM 11): C D Armstrong; C R 
Banbury: D L Brookes' N D Cutis; S G 
W Davie: R C A De Silva: N J 
DodweU: N Evans: A Gtadwtn: B 
Grice: M A Holmes: CS ft Male: M H 
JacUOtt: J K Long: T P Lowe: G D 
Miller: a L Moorhouse : M Reardon: J 
D Rotanson; AC Taytar: M C 
Thomas: K » Waters: J D young. 
Ctau X J P L Bargh: A, J Black; K P 
□uffin: hi D Hirst; K J Lockles A H 
MUM***: D P Rush. 

Pass: A B Jameson; A J Maytteur. Jt E 

■ : Geri®sa and ItaBan Stadies- - 

Ctau 2 (DM U): C R P BoulL 

German Studi es and Social 


Ctau 3 (DM l>* S A Shore. 


Ctau u T A Cave: G B Davtes. 
Quia (DM t): C Boynton: C W bokk 
T P Cocks: rae Dovejj M P C Fran; 
CM. M a Greenwood: n J I taggar: M C 
Howard; k Hudson: -A J Hull: G A 
Jacki 'sjr Jacob: A P Jones: S 
J<ennsll: E CLLawrerjcesA HUvnltm: 

Monaghan: ft H 

J Riley: 

, A PMUpoldesL . . 

Robinson: A T Seaaen "PJ 
Swain Dank: ,G p. Turfman; 

' - BSC : 

Gtopbysical Sciences : 

Ctau Is P W Levtd 
Ctau 2-CDl* Ik A D Gulf. 

Ctau 2 (DM 10= N J F Hawes: P J H 
Heasr: M Lavmgtom C A Mlncherj I 
smwwiv c Thake; C J Vernon. 
Pass: K A □stone. 


German Studies. 
•Denotes Distinction in Spoken 
German ' 

Clan 2 (DM DiMT Cosgrove: O 
Hughes. . 

Ctau 2 (DM ID: L J Bairtek; S Bovcll. 
M D Joyce; 'I S L QuHOey: D A 

Thonukles: A M Thomas: S K 
Toptiam; O J Watkins; T □ Watt: M 

Ctau 3 (DM®: J Ashby-K Bradley: D 

Ch C Ctare^A*§j53hgtaTO 
J M Ucklnsore R G GwUcfc D A 
Class: I D HamUton: D C Harptey; N 
Heywuod.- S Howard: C P Jones: A J 
Macfartane: VC Matthews BNaytor: 

“j £ 

. Wood:' A J Young. 

Clan St IF Broderick:. S M Graham. 

History and Ancient History 
Ctau 2 (DM QtS &P Latham. 

History and Italian Stadies 

Ctau 2 (DM Q: S J McCann. 

History, Philosophy aad 

Ctau 2 (DM UH T K Payne. 

History and Politics 

Ctau 2 (DM . D: B P Doyle: P 
Harras*®':- p M Ryan: J- Warner; C 
WesL R A Wtjybrew. 

HJsA'BesL A L HallworUu : 

Hnmsn ConunaaicatidB 

2 (DM Ds J M Prut. 

2 (DM II): L A -DQIon. 

Independent Stadies 

Ctau 1: W Armour: R 0 Bruce: J M 
Mabeed: w J Thompson. 

CtaSI 3 (DM 1)1 s E Banks: J R Lomax: 
T E Payne: M L WUson. 

Clau 2 (DM IQiS J Fiaier: j M Lee: N 

Italian Studies 

Ctau Is R M HassetL 

Ctau 2 (DM Os R O Atkinson; G L 


..Ctau 2 (DM II): D Spain u. 

Italian Studies and Lingustics 
* denotes Distinction in spoken 

CtaU It R c Klein*. 


Ctau 2 (DM H>: S J Smith. 

Ctau £ C V Slmmonds. 

Pate I ft F Baker. 


; ■ - Law 

. Class It C A EUb. 

Ctau 2 (DM 1):iM Amex S But : 
Richardson: E Atemjani J* Band: 

J J Bufffn: S K Borne: H V Ch/en: F J 
Corn p Frost-SmUh; M A Goman: P J 
Mbrton; AC Newton: i R Pearson; A J 
Peters: J Ptevey: A B HawSSnsw: SW 

-sssns ««assr n N 

Km e: ft V GUbert: G C Cray; D Crren; 
S N Jackson: A I Lomas: D.J J 
McGarriiv: A P MBtan: D R f^ttersotj; 
C A Pasme: L J Rowe; R Sldhu: P R 
Smith: M J WUllamson: P Wilson. 
Ctau a a J Flasner. 

Pass n s Dryer. 


^ Linguistics — • 

' Pan: c E A Newton. 

. = bsc ... 

Management . Sciences 

Ctau 2 (DM D= M Green: M Johnston: 
F H Jones: Y C. Leung. 

Ctau 2 (DM Ip; A M Galley: C E 
Ingham; M E James: J M Lane: S J 
Langan: R S Mann: s Morrow: j 
PennietHiry-Green: R W PutUek: S P 
Sagan C R Thomas: D J ToMn. 
Ctau X M Y F Leung. 

Pasc D J Dfeben. 

-Management-- Sciences 
(Marketing) : 

Ctau'f: L R 

CtesrT-mM Ije-J A-e-Bates: V F-Car- 
ter. K E Dn>den: t R Fenion: I A 
HeolonstaU: L Jackson: s R Lewis; C 
A Lovmey: A S Meredith: A R North; 
W H Purchase: tr C Stead: L A 
Wellon: L S wllklnson. 

C L Harnson: P J Ireland: K L 
Klrrane: J Movies: A P Neal: N P 
PM (DO It A R Writ up; G A R09K M P 
9bsm: j snvester; G P swales: M D 

Pitt R D Gibbs; 

Management Sciences (Opera- 
tional Research) 

Ctau 1: R W Crahbemon: j P H 
Preston; P J Wterry. , . . 

Clan 2 (DM o: N M Ashbee: D. 
Beswick: J E Brown: H M Dodds; D C 
SheMierd: C J S WWght 
Ctau 2 (DM R): N L Brim Die: A M 
Gerrard: Y K Lami L-M Lau: W E 
Lincoln: M C McManamon: M . G 
Rayner; C R Sevmour: M Taylor: N C 
Topping; C G Yardley. 


Marketing and French Studies 
•Denotes Distinction in spoken 

m— 2 (DM n: J Daniel: C E GaskeH:- 

S I'lSSSiSf: 'fff 

Rowley: J E Seward: J E Sumner: A JT 
Tufn: S Uttiey. 

Marketing and German Studies 
•Denotes Distinction in spoken 

Ctau 2 (DtatatM 2J? "D A Kenyon. 



Ctau fe CE Coley: N M"EdheyrK L~ 
Fielding: P W F Smith; D N Stoll: M A 

Clau 2 (DM l)s L A FUdes: I Kohaman- 
Lay: J Sherry. 

Ctau 2 (btv H): G_R_Andiwk_ _J_M 
Cunningham: A. J 

Oinninqiunn- r* J DM" 

R Humm: f F T “ ,lon 

while: A J woOetw. 

Ctau 2: 5 M Botli M Check lev. A 
Kpanc: R A MallnR T J Murphy: B P 
Shepherd: N J walker. 

Put: P Grimms: N M Woodward. 

Mathematics and Operational 

Ctau 3 (DM IQs P L Cheng: FER 
Ella way. 


Mediaeval Studies 

CUU HDJ Marrow. 

. Music 

isau? ; E 

Ndmw J R Paimen C L Peacock; A C 
Pollock: R L Sutton. 

Ctau SAC Giles. 

Pass C Ramsden. 



Ctau 2 (DM IQi J C Davies. 


-.—...■Mnstcand-EngUsh - 

Ctau 2 (DM H)i C A Walters. 

Music and History 

2 (DM IQ: H R Walsh. 

Organization Studies 
Ctau is p e Mustm. 

Ctau 2 (DM o: A J Davfcc A C J 
Denby: R K Fraser R Lowthu: S M A 
Melik: C A Runerfont: C D Tinker G 
Townsend; G A Webb. 

Ctau » (DM B)! R L Fielding: J E S 
George: O B KuskCMoysi: J H Negus; 
A J partridge: P J T&lman: A M 
Worrell: S D Wright. 

Ctau 2JR Bridge: MTC Carting: j D 
Churchley: M J MCAtavcy; C R S 

; Philosophy - 

CtaU'1:"R CMSsonrs D wmdnsonr 
Ctau 2 (DM n> S Arthur J A FarrelL 
D L Gealch: Q L Graham: R S Muir C 
A Patterson. 

Ctau 2 (DM ft): A Brader B J Merritt; 
A .K Battery. 

Ctau X B A Bath. S D Holt 

Philosophy and the Arts 
Oau 3 (DM 10: E C Kelly; E G 

Philosophy and Physics 

-Ctau a: J K-8ioe. 

Philosophy and Politics 

ctau 7 (DM II): I P Browne: H R 
Maadtson: C C Mitchell. 

Philosophy and Religions 

Ctau 2 (DM o: K Cray: N K Langford: 
T M Pemberton. 

Philosophy and Socioleg)’ 
Ctau 2 (DM II): D Gardiner. 

BSc : 

Physical Electronic Engineering 
Class 1; D Johnson. 

Class 2 (Div I):TJ Clayton; K. A 
PopaL — 

Gass 2 (Div II): M L Drews; A 
C Harris: P G Jenkins; K. D 
Newsomes D J Rogers. 

Class 3i J Leech; A W Why. 


Ctau 2 (DM 0: v P AnsDOKKS S E 
Dewhurd: A .Fawcett: D N Gamsey-- 
M W Lane: J J Pryce: A L Wrigley. 
Ctau 2 (DM 10! K D Bleakley: BJR 
■ Burke: M J jeflery: AG Jones; A 
Perry; M-J Robinson; C P Smith: L R 
Smith; S M Thomas: W G Vaughan. J 
A wade: C C Young. 

Applied Physics and Electronics 

Ctau Is D G Hayes. 

Ctau 2 (DM I): M H GoMniak: A R 
Hanson: A D Holden. 

Ctau 2 (DM IQ: J, S Dakin. M 9 
Downing; R J MacnuUam i N Smith; G 
P Taylor. 

, Theoretical Physics 

Ctau « p w Peacock. 

Ctau 2 (DM 0: D J Eastertxrook: G D 
Hughes. A P Walker. 

Ctau k A T Kemum. 



Ctau 2 (DM I); M T Browiu A Bums: 
V Cleary: G A Cubbin; H G Davies; A 
Gibson: A-M Howard: P W Johnson: 
M Knox: S E Mayes: S A Newsome: S 
A snanotL M R H Uniey: A Welch. 
Ctau 4 (DM U): T B tfloor; D H 
Boekestein; P M Eitaw A D Fox: I D 
Gidlw P 4 Goodwin: J € Groom: P 
RaSsfflll; 1 D Hancock; c C Hook; D C 
Ked wards. JlCorda: j M Laliy; I w 
Luxford. O N MairS: J p 
Marjnri banks. C P Moody: & J Mutr S 
J Nicholson; E P Nixon: J H Ohhon: J 
R om-er. P H Payne: R J M Roberts: 
A P Rushlon: M Russell: A 8 Y 

Seddoh. J M Shields: j A Wautt: H -A 
wimann: P D Young; G D Young. 
Ctau * P D Carey; M Tudor. 

Potitical Sociology 
-Ctau 2 (DM Ot-c J nail. 

.Ctau Z (Dm ID: M A Sattar. 



Ctau ft D M Beeson: C J Travers. 
Ctau 2 (DM 0: A L Barrass. T A BSUr: 
W J BotlrteU: J C Bowyep M_ L 
Dobbin: C A Own: R D Hamilton: S B 
Kennedy: J F Lahtll: P R Rhode* H R 
Souibb: C C Thomasson: J A Tilson. 
Ctau 2 (DM tl)j N A Barnett: C H 
cocks: S J Coulton: Z J Fogg: H C 
Griflilhs: H McMeektn; J Manuel X 
Martinez: A RaOinowuz: C E Swift: A 
K Traynor: H M Welch: C A Weller. 
Ctau tJC Harper Hiu. 

Pitt D A Tagg 

Psychology and Independent 
. . Studies 

Ctau 2 (DM l): T C Underwood. 


Psychology and Sociology 

Ctau 2 (DM ID: T m Lewis. 

Religious Studies 
Ctau 2 (Div D: R W BalUie: T A Berry: 
S J M Binning: A Blarkhurst R 
Brown; A D Chantry: H D Clifton: F J 
FaireU: R B Fortune: J L Fbx: C C 
Humble: L E R*«. R H Rose; I M J 
Sanden: K H Wtuiehead; K N 

Class 2 (DM ID: K A E Anderson: FM 
Ballard: H Boyer: F A Bureoyne; D J 
Clark: P R CruKkstianks. J A Dewan 

H A Donaldson: J J Hocklcy. K U a 

Holland: K M Ftoroer: D ALkWrtlA 
R Marsden: C Me Kerman. A M Page: 

R WhlUord: P YOwen;. 

Ctass 2S J AJUson; C Wilson. 

Religious Studies and Sociology 
Claw 7 (DM If): S Dunn; H A Lees: M 
O'Callaghan: D Walker. 

Religious and Theatre Studies 
Ctau 2 (DM H>: P H Cannon. 

Social Administration 
Ctau ft J M Griffin 
Ctau 2 (DM 0: B I Burns; A j Evans: E 
S Gray; J Hammond. A M Jackaore B 
M Lee; n A Longworim VIMonon; 
A R Pancnden. S B_Stratlon; E 
Thompson: C Vickers: P Wilson. 
Clau 2 (DM It): P A Krtty: L A Ladd: J 
E Long: J Pcrycr: l F Tomkins. 

Social History 

Ctau 3 (DM Q> P J Mackay: L s Poole. 

Social Work 

Class 2 (Div I): I D Bowden; T F 
Ossidy. C M Earley; w Harv V 
Hay; J G Manning; P N Meek; L 
Melia; P Upton. 

Class 2 (Div Ilk N E Bagaley; J 
A Nicholls. 


Ctau ft A P McAk-er; R K Thlara. 
Ctau 2 (DM 0: S Birch: SK Cramptore 
F J Duckworth: S O Lrtich. H UsJw; C 
J Macer: E Maclean: S R Pryk« P 
Ryan. J^tockion: S B Talbot: K J 


Ctau 2 (DM ID'- T A Bamail: J J S 
Brown: A Calrnaa A C CrlllUh*: M J 
Lynch: S M McCubUn; A H Nortttall: 
J K Pons. J □ Walker. 

Theatre Studies 

CttU 2 (DM D: M S McNomey. 

Theatre and Organization 

Ctau 2 (DM 0): 5 P Veneu. 
Theatre Studies and Social 

Ctau 2 (DM IQ: J E Morgan. 

Visual Arts 
Ctau hue Da'ttV. 

Ctau 2 (DM 0: A C Grade; a j 
M orton. 

Ctau 2 (DM ID: A F Btokcmore: D 
Hall: M T Webb. 

Clau 2 RS Prleuiey. 

Pare: T C Noon. 

ii"*' • 

• 4 ' 








From your portfolio card check your 
eight share price movements. Add them 
up to give you your overall iobL Check 
this agamst (he daily dividend figure 
published on this page. If H matches you 
have won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If you are a 
winner follow ihe claim procedure on the 
bock of your card. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 


Cam or 1 


| l| Aus New Z 


I 2| CaJtHiry-Schvrappcs 


1 ,i| Gnmada 

Indunrials E-K 

| j{ Vara 


1 SI Barr (AC) 


| 6| Brown (Maidicw) 


1 71 Ladinnkc 

Hotcb- Caterers 

| g| Alumaic 

Industrials A-D 

| »| Johnston 

Industrials E-K 

1 tol MM 

Indusnab A-D 

| 1 1 1 MeUl Closures 

lodustriab L-R 

1 lZl BET DfH 

Industrials A-D 

1 I3| Hun ung Group 

lodustmb E-K 

1 141 Nat Wen 


1 lij Blue Circle 

Building Bnsk 

1 16 STC 


1 17] Elam 

Drapery 0»res 

I I8[ Roiorfc 

Industrials L-R 

1 111 Westland 

fndusiriaks S-Z 

1 21 1 Rubetoid 

Building. Roads 


|”| Pbsu 


| Z3| Coumrynde 

Buildms. Roads 

| 24J King & Shauon 

Banks, Discount 

1 lij Marshalls (Hali&x). 

Budding. Roads 

I 2fi| Watts Blake 

Building. Roads 

| 27| Rea brook Hldgs | OiemicaKPUs 

1 28{ Babcock 

Industrials A-D 

1 Saimhvry (J) 


I joj Cokxoll Gp 

Industrials A-D 

I 31 j Ward 


|.q Coates Bros 


1 33] Lm lm) 

Industnab L-R 

1 34| Birmid Quakast 

Industrials A-D 

|3ij Precdy (Alfred) 


I 36 1 SUThn8 Ind 

Industrials S-Z 

I 37| Lee Rrfngnatton 


1 35| Secuncor 

Industnab S-Z 

| J4| Boulrou (Wm) 

industnab A-D 

1 40] TranjcouiiDeiiul 

Industrials S-Z 

| 4)| Micro BS 


| ->?f Beecham 

Industnab A-D 

1 431 Stakis 


| 44 1 Wolslcnbolme Rink 


1 *5 Tines tvewapapera Ud. 

-Daily Total | 

Please be sure to lake account 
of any minus signs 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily towk 
for the weekly dividend of £16,000 in 
Saturday’s newspaper. 









Stock out- 

Pne* Ctt'ga *L Grass 



FHflay — It 

orty Ran 

SHORTS (Under Five 

64|m E*cH J'.% 1986 
1008m E»cn MS 1968 
1268m E«3> IS'.S 1987 
1002m Tran ClO'.S 1987 
878 m Endi 2',-S 1987 
1595 b Exctl lO'.S <987 

S Fund 6VU 1965-87 
Trau IDS 1987 
915m Trass 8S 1987 
1997m Traas 17V 1SB7 

. 7 V-10BS-B8 
10V*. 1968 
■ C9-S 1988 
l 3S 197848 
I 9.S 1988 
1 !!■#-• 1989 
1 lO'.S 1989 
10*. 1 988 
10V. 1989 
2';S 1990 
1 as 1991 
J1S 1989 
l 5*. 198689 
IIS 1990 
i C9':% 1989 
i 3*. 1989 
l IT. 1990 
12-:% 1990 
l 3*. 1990 
I 8 '<*. 1987-90 
l 10S 1990 


9T. ♦'• 
100', .. 
101'.' ->* 
10DV* .. 

#r«e .. 
100*1 . . 

100'. .. 
96*i *to 
102*. .. 

. 98 .‘i 

TOiV .. 

99*r .. 

10* * .. 
102’. . . 
100 .8 . . 
1QS‘. -•» 
83*. -V 
an - 1 . 
itt* .. 
9r. -v 
■o*'«a .. 

99v -V 
»'• .. 
1101 .. 
108'- .. 
86V .. 

97'. .. 

101V . 




2320b Traai liv. 1991 Kffto .. 

387m Fund 5*.S 1987-91 91 v 

1478* E»cfi 11*. 1991 IDS'. -V 

959b Trau T2Vfc 1992 112 V -V 

1F&B Trass 10*. 1992 101 VA-S 

Him TrauClOVto 1992 !03'« -to 

1503b ten i2 .s 199; iu’-«-to 

E»eh I3 .-S 1992 116V 

1223s Traas 10V 1993 101 1 

1254b Trass 12'.S 1993 11* -V 

5*0ra Funo S’. >953 90 -V 

1506m Traas 13V. >933 120.- 

755m Tram !*'.S 199* 125.A-V 

1315* E*en 12'. S 199* 1 19*. 

1780m Excti 13'-S 199* 114. A-'. 

13S3b Traas 9*. 199* 97V *'1 

2M7m Traas ITS IMS 112'.- 

168* C«s 3S 199045 77V . 

5H6m Enh lO'.S 1995 (O'- -V 

M78m Traas i7**s 1995 117'. -'i 

1(23* Traas, 14% 1996 124'. -'i 

72fc» Traas 9". 1992-96 97'. -V 

1797* TraJS IS V. 1996 133'. -V 

971m 13V, 1998 121V 1 

33m Ram* 3% 1998 S3 

313m Cora 10*. 1996 101*. -V 

1831m Traas 13V. 1997 122'. 

2677* E«ch lO’.S 1997 105 

1231*1 Traas 8'-'. 1997 94to*-to 

1335m Each IS*. 1997 1J3V 

826m Trass 6'.% 1995-98 82% -V 

2659m Eteri 9 Vs 1996 
1529m Traas 15 % 1998 
7884m E«ti 12*. 1998 
I0»7m Traas 9 .S 1999 
3407m E«n 12'.% 1999 
1325m Trass 10 .-S 1999 
1454m tow 1Q'-% 1999 
2191m Traas 13*. 2000 

100 V -V 

US'. --- 
99*. -'. 
117'. -V 
105 V -V 
10« -to 
123'. -to 


825m Trass 19*. 2001 103'.< 

Mn Con. 9*.s 2001 101M 

Com 9V 2000 M'. 

1«Ob TTbss T4S 1998-01 128 
740m Com 10*. 2002 153 , 

i"5> 6«S> 12*. 1999-0? IIS, 

1CC0M Trass 9'.SM03 101 '.I 

1037m Trow UT. 2003 103', 

2328* Trass 13'.% 2000-03 !»to 
216flm Traas II' ’. 2001-0* Hi', 
936m Trail ID*. 200s 10* 

248m Fund 3 *. 1990 04 56'. 

1060m Com 9 '- 2004 99’. 

8OB1* Com 9 -'j 2005 1D0 
870m Com JV*. 2005 100 

lTJOm EsCO lO'-’.riXB 108. 
272Sm Trass «' % 2003-05 123 - 
615m Traas 8% 20C2-Q8 67 . 

388m Com 9C, 5006 102'. 

3846m Trass 1 1 '-•• 2003-07 lir. 
1659m Traas 13' % 2004-08 13?'. 
702* Traas 8*. 2009 87*. 

652m Traas 5'-% 2008-12 65 - 

«J2m Trass 7V. 2012-15 88 
1260m Ettfi 12% 2013-17 126 


iS6m Cental 4*. 
7?4m War Ln 3-. 
82* Com 3' ’» 
!•" Trass 3'- 
75* Cor cod ?■ % 
130* Traas 2 '. 


*3‘. #-V 



32-1 -. 
27*. +'. 
27'r *-. 



































11 J 
9 2 













B 7 

10 1 





















427 tn aim »«n 





101 S« AnseaeMT [Haray) 








1 3032m B^nkamynce 


tol Pm Ban* 01 Ireland 





399SW) Bank Lew* hrael 


12 in Bant. Lcu'T’i UK 





SOI Sm Bam Ot Saxtand 






339? 5m Bodays 






11 5m Benedmjf* 

?0 3re ftcrai S*CA» 






»<m Cat* Altai 






Cantos SSL- 

1 B5i 3m Cruse uerawun CZ5'- 
iflffi in— G*con> EB 

ibfcn Com Bank v«Ms 70 
1 5645m G um n wflw* C92 1 - 
7375 I* Oeuaena Bam S2S1 
2363* Fir* «ut F francs 178 

115 Im torero N41 302 

i»4* Cumnaaa Raal 79 

3684* Hsn*n» 213 

3260* wa $sn*«i W 

1 - 1 '. 

26 42 154 
U9 55 

a* ss . 

34 *5 115 

-3 65 Oi 

+6 1200 45 

• ■3 
a. >0 

66 17 106 
Q1 73 93 
25 17 126 

lOJn 45 86 
199 S3 73 


Capitalization and week’s change 

* rxirn* J' rSJIP 11 "SJ? 1 “rSSF* ^ *5 e °£* bares » n kwe for the stock quoted) 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Debugs began July 28. Dealings end on Friday. Contango day next Monday Settlement day August 1 8- 

§Forward barg ains are permitted on two previous business davs. 


E Company 

Rnca Cn'ge Grass On 
Wat cm -ON W 
Fr*ay me* pane 8 % PI E 

4681* Ransom O) Md 130 «*5 7.1 55 96 

881 7* Roil 8m Or 6 m 310 -6 145 45 95 

iS3J* Sdratas C6to 192 3.1 11.7 

1.1270* SlM Om 724 .28 5006 63 13 

8*7* Unoi S7S 8-20 525 75883 

1.422 6* Warn Fargo £67 -S'. 

245* WHnot 286 77 U 139 


c Cwwy 

Pnra Oroe Qm?* Ow ' 

UM Otf 0« TM 

fnOay iraih pence % Pit 



iZZ\Z* AkiMym 
2507 im Baas 
167m I 



1339m SodOmodis 125 

1200M Brawn 530 

719* Bidmar (HR) 154 
29.4* Btnormood Brew 585 
44 Ba Cianr (Mature*! SIS 
8030 Dmtontoll (J Al 222 
2U57B Oreerua Me 183 
91 6m Gram K«q 220 
25491 b Gi*Ba»B 310 

205* Hm* « Henscra 514 
912 b Mgrrano DM 74 
3S 6m toSrgciW* CN3d 156 
S35a InsftBid . 233 

83 7* M e r ilo n Ttomni IDO 
195* MUrtond 2*4 

3M9m S* Brawns 151 
547-3* Scot 6 New res 
147.7m Van* 380 

9983* W WM I 4U 'A' 268 

445m Do 8' 270 

1375b w nat e ea d *» jia 




• *a 

• 415 


• ♦10 

13.6 4-2 147 

21.7 £3 163 

12 15 133 

45 37 (SJ 

205b 35 165 
75 43 115 
155 37 181 

10.7 21 205 

8509500 Yeung £ 

• -2 





75 43 121. 

85 36 12.4 

103 33 >15 
255 45133 

25 35 145 

86 44 105 

65 28 

2? 35 154 

91 37135 

tQ5 54 11.1 
184 43 145 

11.1 42 123 

11.1 4.1 125 
186 49 280 
127 23195 

104 34 21 3 


397* a om n aa i Conor 2*0 
1739* Amec ?70 

3450000 MWkHa . _69 

73.1* MtwoedS *62 

9674a BPS *du*rte» 506 
13M Banar^ja Bnck 3*5 
2453m Benin Onvi 138 
1308500 Bmtyffian} Core* 25 
304a Befcjj 178 

9.600000 Ban Bras 64 

15 7m Bfeddny* S20 

7*04* Bkw Oreto 576 

160m BraedontOoud HA 265 
13 1* Br Drwtomg 76 

me jf iatksoa *J'i 


228* Bum*! 6 KMam If, 
Cahefarau nobty 15B 




IM 45222 
183 55 141 

at ai iQ5 
61 ' 35 '145' 

121 r _ 

102 35 125 
105 75 .. 

.. • .. 55 

103 57 195 

44 65 195 

37.1 4 0 129 

305 52 82 
U3 54 25.1 
43 5.7 133 

35 65 §4 
49 44 14.1 
. . . . 15 

7757m _ _ 

8575500 Condtr Grp 
4286m Cauam 9t« 

413* couitrystde *68 
205m Croud, (Derek) 165 
7.600500 Dew (George) 95 
188m Dougbs (HU) 124 
192m EOd, 100 

1.611500 Fee 93 

3370500 DO A- 86 

111* FtoBMM Msg 148 

6517500 Rita Gp SO 

247* GaWord 89 

2192500 MN 6 Dandy CM 126 
3&5m Gtoaeon (MJj 385 
683* HAT 128 

4990500 Hafeeat Bar 233 

665* HtardamScuart 70 
8i Bn Haywood to Wama 220 

66.1* Hffll « Ht 606 

1308* Uska* Joranan 168 

4382500 jam* U) 6 Gone 433 
■203* ung (J) 43* 

1143b Do ’A' 43? 

215* UwrancaJWftar) T»3 
59 2m L«iey (FJCj 74 

n«3m IMl (Y5 410 

327.4m Mat** 8 Sou* 160 
409m Uandars 278 

2825m Martov 112 

739m Mantia* (KaMM 191 
9480500 U*y 6 Hasaal lOi 
1*99* MCAtana (Adrad) *24 
244 8a Mayer ke 254 

1560500 MAtr (Sontoy) 31 
129* Munir (A) 120 

2612m Motaam Udm) 300 
8*£m NatwaraW BSD 

195m NOOn£iam Men 1B1 
275m PBi M imor i 215 

2553.000 Pno*™ Tntar 88 

35*8500 Podtas 370 

572.7m RMC 6*4 

9037* RMiantf 420 

42.7m Ruberato 296 

217.7* Rugby CamaM 152V 

28.1* S**m 8 not* 132 

8168000 Sm*1 {4 81 

1 ,4335m Tmmac 462 

4474* Taylor WfcOdTDW 310 

24An nanay Graic in 

729a, DM 5 Ammo 4(7 

5.156000 Tram 75 

7531000 Tun* 171 

105m Vtroplam 331 

369* Wttnl 291 

3405500 1N(l*Htan (T) tO 

361a wadn Mha in 

U10500 wmara Bn* 79 

155m WUOnp ISO 

234 7* VM on (ConndM 268 

571.7* wenpey (GaorgaS 203 

i 9 TWauau 

__ I Brawn Sevan *1 1 

,.J 1* Cat* 8 WaatoM 967 
S5Sm Cutrdgi Bsc 223 

** 9m CAP Gp 196 

57.7* CKonoe 45 

367* 00 7V% CPF 198 

65.7* C«mc» ■ 30* 

1023* Cray Bs « 320 

520m Crystatoto 217 

7523500 Oeto Bad 59 

506a Snwv 1*5 

l.ieaooo Dewiwrat 'A 33 

426m Oomo 325 

25.1m Oewdlng 8 MA$ 38 
58*m DubAar 178 

38£2m BaeMCqmp on ena J75 
1583500 BaamcMKA 65 

I46fta D earome DanAfi SI 
41An Erasn UgMng 27S 
6&(m Ernwherm 293 


76655CC O raeranor- ■ 123 

4t7J* fee Sen* 8 Cow* 3*5 
22.4m J0n« Stroud 243 
14 -3m Koda 255 

154* Lac na f i iu toia«ai 255 
994* lOdca 201 

1326m UK Bed 33 

369m Macro 4 Wf 

640* Mi mac 238 

235* Mem BS 54 

122* Mm Focus 100 

eoooox) Mauone Baa 46 
I41m M*ray Bad 47 

-• — - — adal 290 


) Oesamcs 20 

l CWonJ htarnaA S33 
i Piece* 26V 


i PRAps IMPS N/V C13V 
I Pdco 2*8 

14961.7* M^DR 25 C19V 

i Prtasac 136 

I OieM Automman 2G 
iRacaiaatt^^ W6 
Rcota 413 

i Sdtaps (GH) 572 
_ i SboToefc - Oi 
486* SeuW Odtuaoo 33V 

9065* SIC 166 

i 9rm a* • 170 . 

i Sy atan 
l TDK 
l Ti 


i Thorn EM 
I Tfrorae lW) 

> Tunaqp 
i US 
i Unaadi 

• *» 

• ♦« 



■ ♦17 



487* Amotagada 

nMSS& T - 


1.133500 G w ee wa i 
6527580 Gqudy 3 G* 
329a fcary 6 Stow 
479* 1 1 wadn 

445m MU Hora e Leans 
429* DoK 
■IM Mw ta M t 
4360* Tanotoon 



























t 'j 


« 97 
44 6.1 


86 264 
52 181 
49 181 

FtoMdri Traws pyperaw Pa*. 16 

FOODS- -- _ 

19455* AGQA40V 
2566500 AJpfew Dra*a 


184 45 US 

104 87 




59 4m 
16 Cm 
171 lm 

19 lm 

«8M OoMds 

Anew Qwmcai 

Bay* DM50 

Bra* Qwres' 

Br Benzol 
Canning <W) 

Do 'A' 

Cory (Horace) 
DO D*t 

a* 6 Enarard 

Imp Own bid 

Reabraok Hugs 









it 153 

♦IV 400 
•-3 39 

•*a mo 
6 . 1 ' 





Suk*to Spaafeman » 
WUi n irhofeto »■* 221 
YerwraeOwm iai 


♦ I IT 

• -14 10 J 

♦1 66 
-B 85 
-V 05 
-< 105 


• .. 93 

• -4 4.7 

.. 129 

♦I 64 
-3 214 


-6 419 

11 J 

•-a 64 

♦2 29 

•5 39 

-i « 

♦I 111 
*9 43 


2913 3 

43 179 
13 .. 
85 182 
.. 164 

3.7 107 
09 109 

44 94- 
55 86 
.. 129 
4.0 12.7 
55 96 
43 116 

49 11.1 
54 146 

1.7 194 
42 99 
24 16A 

" 645 
59 249 



1.1799* AjTFoOd 296 

172* tone Ftatatoa 99 
1B&2* Aon* 5S» 

loom Data (Stay Q 305 
1075* Bant* &0ctean 12 V 
21.1m Barr («Q 335 

235* Baas« Feeds las 
137* BaDays W 

2572m Ba*m 166 

3381.000 BtoabM Can# f 
13 1* » Vwetora [BV1) 1! 

9919m CaaMy-M' 

0575000 C*m M 
755S600 canoraa 
21 la Do -A- 
2&Jb CMna 
2322M Daa . 

335m flaw (*0*1) ' 1© 

186.7* Fttti Loaf 248 

289* Otm Oba 193 
1835a Haztowood FOdda 144 
MOaMMIs 191 

5625* HMM Mdgi 285 
4201500 Hoe* Arm 00 

71 M AaM Frozen 502 
3689m Nw* Sara 256 

2.100500 Laaa (Jo*m J) 103 
8S8500 LOMIGf) '. 85 

719* |M<WU| 550 

1592* Mam* If (Bernard] 250 
27DUQ0 Mad Trad* Sapp iC3 
187.7* Mom** (W) 202 

4)MiAcne*iJN) (IIMg) 225 
199m Nennana 94% 

5S87* IA1* Foods 262 

1265m ftadn 1 Peacedi 168 
189* Park Food* 162 
6S7-3a» HMM 242 

7137* Rowatrae Mae 423 
26102m Sandwy-M 372 
4085m SAeasan (6to*> 148 

5964500 Scnpen* 216 

38*9* Tarn 4 lyto 558 

:. Su i 

143* Mtatoon 4 PMp iS2 


• 46 

. 49. 39 149 
29 115 465 

11.1 3914.1 
87 29 119 
55 31295 

17.1 32 139 
149 49 95 

.. .i 232 
131 39 96 

07 52 175 

31 32 11 S 

37 195 


339* Angle TV A' 
5962500 Grampian 
448* MTV N/V 
585* IWT Hdgt 

35(* SCO! TV -A 
557* TVS N/V 
1731 000 TSW 
107 5m Tnzmad TV 

11 Im WlaBur (CAW) 

290 • . . 139 56 131 

4« -3 29 85 86 

219 .. 114 52 69 

340 -3 21 J 65 136 

330 150 43109 

228 • -15 ICO 85 lfl.9 

45 29 59 12.4 

22* i- 

2J8 *3 121 51 12-7 

53- ' •-! ' 1.1 21 209 


32909* Grand Mat 366 +16 135 33 12J 

405* Kennedy Brataas ZJ3 *»5 21 09 125 

911.7* Ud*e*fl 344 *1 31 47 164 

250* Ld, P*k He** 5» .. 143 26 159 

1353* Mou* Chanon 89V 42% 21 23 M3 

ICLTa *moa G# *# Harato 5 • .. 21 24 157 

iZOtai Quail* Mo* 69% -1 22 36 14 6 

MT12* Sauny HotoA 'A' 373 +3 55 1.3 U-7 

1478m saw 64 19 29 151 

1.1709* TiU9*0dM For* 160 -9 73 53 149 

A - O 


1179* AAH - • • 

719* AG9 n a ward ! 

1879m APV 
29Jm Aaranson 




67 J* 
37 4m 
114 4* 
61 Cm 
1211 S* 

117 Im 

10 7* 



27 4* 

64 6a 



... . a 

Bead* (James) A' 90 
BrroUa, 136 

Baco Ln S'. 

Body 55 OP 585 

Bran** M 

Bra-n (N) 72S 

Bungn 278 

Camera a- 126 

CS5M (SI 42 

Crwen 358 

Corn Viyaaa 482 

CorUtowd eneton 210 
CojrtSiFmn) A 129 

DAKS Smrajon 'A' 210 
Dtwnnm IU) 6* 

Onora Grp 330 

OusnA 480 

e*i a Gdmw at 

EJys (WfenetodPnl B0 

Empra Saorn ISO 


Eaai* Ctodwt 
Fme An On 
Ford (Mann) 


Gem SR 
G&Cixrr} IA5 
aerasnraw Gp 


Do 'A' 

Kara* Ounnsuray 230 

I tow ns Of Union 26 













House OI Lbom 
j*ra» (E**a) 

10 4* 
1689 a 




889, CW 

35 4* 


1 1725* 













Lae Cooper 

Lnwon Mgoir 
Marks 5 Spend* 
Manzws (JO*) 

Ml* laaura 

NS5 N a w ia g raia. 208 
Nad 238 

Ota* 10) 315 

I tor** . 76 

Praeoy (AHradi >(B 
Raman (Ja watan ) 190 
Reed (Ausmr) 350 

Do A 143 

$9 U SPH 37 
San US 

Stath MW) A' 270 

Do 'B 54 

Sanwr (*GJ 76 

Stead 6 Senpaqn A' 96 
snranouu 338 

Swmgaro 17 

St*MC>dlA4 31 

Superdnig Saras 450 
Terr^CmRtote 38 

Tine Produce; 71'. 
T« Top Drag 190 

WW Group 
Ward w*B 
WM o Monh 






















• -S 

• +23 









• -15 

- -7 






45 29 109 
36 57 219 

39 42129 
13 24 285 

35* 05 57.4 
07 15*8 

181 22 
59 24 102 
32 25329 

51 7.4 51 

121 3.4 144 

17 1 35 144 
99 49 186 
87 52 74 

89 4.1 5> 
13 15 178 

45 13 235 

79 19 162 

35 39 119 

139 21252 

54 30 17.6 

61 29 175 

29 23 92 
57 36 184 

69 43 103 
105 23 184 
7.7 n 49 144 
1.4 1 6 456 

57 45 V7.7 
107 55 180 

305 25 167 
300 30 132 

86 29 183 
23 88 89 
31 79 124 
120 83 105 

50 73 175 

1.1 33 24.4 

84 5.1 188 
65 51 89 

111 15 237 

107 47 167 
56 29 23« 
56 19144 
29 1.4 563 
82 15 280 

31 25 217 
58n 24 196 
129 4.1 183 
19 13 199 
53 31 61 6 
43 23199 
79 23305 
73 55125 
.. 17.7 

49 43 148 
69 92 157 
I7n 31 15.7 

36 47125 

51 59 152 
119 34 17 4 


71 1.6 2C9 

29 81 iS'O 

34 14 336 

11 J 33 105 
M 29 179 
39* 23 
229 39 145 



125m Arenaon 
5772900 MW 
172* A aft 8 Lacey 
3.185 000 ASNto* 

5503000 AM 8- Eng ■% 
SO 4* Alton 

27^M0 gd** 1 

lOBI am BET Md 
7.426900 BETEC 
>983.4* BOG 
19880- 8TH 
?474B BJtKBCfc 
8918900 Bator tCH) 
1015* 84*3 (Wr») Bak* Pena 
378m Bjrnem 
38Sm B**w Rand 
177* Barrow IfapB un r 
>300000 Barton Transport 
<782900 BSWAS Otatoel 
124m Beats* Oarke 
3900900 B**4ord 
3339* WOTICH) 
39636m O eec nam 





























11.1 4.7 124 

956 57 279 
87 7.0 137 

16* 29 109 

50 73 9.1 

112 89 lO 

69 29 189 

13 1? 

l.l 139 
79 1>9 

^ - 1^1 49 119 


-W 289 

-8 . . a . . ?7.7 

♦IS 114 3.1 ■ 
*1% 14 22 *9 

-2 88 25 123 

-0 29 53 57 

: jB ^ 14199 


59 121 

29 49 88 
181 4 6 11.7 

83 2*209 


185 51 120 
107 35 102 

53 49137 
29 19 189 

50 89 129 
99 60 

• +3 

• -7 

7326900 Berk* 45 +8 

4787* BtotKonj (8*W) .949 
5759000 BdAtords 9S 

174* D a nw li 1 30 

824* BastotMfe 512 

283* Besdrood 583 

2715m BW»M 240 

7900000 BfeWa >90 

1920900 B**n M» H» 

329* B*w O a r* xi 

loan Banwraram 153 

101m BM* Arrow 153 

751m BAA (Peter) 233 

35 6m OWdtoOOd Hedge 42 
2$9a aa ^4 

94 .1m BM Arrow 158 

291* - ' 

8»900 Bodkon (Wnq 

299J* Bowaw 
5)4.7* Bnwawr Inc 
2.112900 8ra*nrato Grp 
1369* Branen* 
a3StuW0 ****** 

S3ZZKO B«fl*^Gp 


-15 257a 
<4 198 89 

-8 " 107 55 124 

-1 39 84 82 

♦8 89 29 155 

+2 17.1 42 <88 

19 18 889 

+12 '..... 


300 . 


liitjJOO &'SaB8 U Sg App^ 
37 1* Br Steam 2S6 

352* Br Syptoi 114 

94.7* B> m 313 

?.«03m BroMn M 322 

5 760000 pp ma gra ra *da 190 
3375000 B»n tog 
' 3S90O BrtrfA TM 
SS* Breen 2 T*wa 
34 9A B onn (Jdn) 

10O5ra ««0(«R 
314* Btagm 
119* B urnt A w dMio n 

74 74 400 
81 4jS) 
89 1J 297 
«J 14 442 
99 4J3 V48 

X4 U3U 
50 49 124 

9.1 44 139 
89 56 94 

7.1 49 U 

26 T.1 154 

148 34 8* 


• +« 

. *25 __ 

-10 17.1 .. 

^4 10.1 4j0 181 

-to lii uiu 

•s . . . • > 


0 Tim NfW” 


Oaims required for 
+47 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

CWto * 

_£ Company 

*wea C*>gt Grew 0* 

W . D" * 88 
Fno* week pence *b PIE 

Capea ka tg n 

C- Cdwany 

Fnday weak pdwa S P/C 


E v^n^My 

Pnco CngeGrWi C* 
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Fi-oav w«* pe"U r - Pit 



z.1 a? 15 
56 14 r 
•5 m . 

54 1QB 186 
iJJ 09 . 

19 48 1A 
29 04 214 
21 SS 121 
41 23 134 

89 24 182 
19 15 896 

4.6 88 142 

8J0 32 153 
64 24 159 
41 14 108 

24 19 ISO 
198 SJh 159 
51 41 124 

•«f 6-7 104- 
OS 44 ID? 

1.7 32 74 - 

10 04 ._ 

121 56 94' 

17.1b 97 502 
179 7.0 39 
14k 07 21.8 
154 4 3 129 

14 0**57 
U 18154 
07 14 41 

MJP0 Gera S mummy 
119* Cook (Wrrt) 

9429* CooKsan - - 

..,S EgSVSS*. 

1104* Cra* Sbcnowan 

509* Crown htxo* 
688* DPCE 


954900 Orrtof 8 Mel A 
163* Dews 6 >Aiim>i 
1134m Davy 
3685* 0e La Bra 
2647m Dana 
1<_ r ^ 

68 ‘ 

_ sz_ 




2sa ■ 

14S84Q0 Ofeftto Heal 
1169m DcWnw 

i 4 i25 M 

7725909 Do* 








♦1 69 

• +* 14 

• ♦10 64 

+8 111 
-2 -2.1 

•-3 4 6 

-3 >22 

• ,1 39 

-3 89 

• -6 112 

•16 375 


-4 .U 

4 32 


•-4 69 

-50% 47.1 
-I 83 

♦13 114 
+5 104 

-V 06 

♦17 75 

• 74 

•2 - 7.1 

• +& 79 

»6 •:. . 



58 1A4 


x > 

49 155 
42 140 

K 109 

19 .. 

69 109 

69 .. 
61 74 
58 84 
51 9.1 


15 10.1 
37 127 


69 134 

74 H4 

154m T** 

2616m Tbraar « Naaol 


tH I *■*£& Unaew (NV) 

89 7m v*tor 

Vtobw P rodu rra 

27 8* 

0080m VMabmM 

47 2m 


s — four* 

t04 +4 16 14146 




«% SU 34 116 

74 28 137 
M9 4J170 



472* wagen M _ 

watorare v 

1457m lklOguiood 
S02* Wra" 
i525.«* Mtokeama 
58BLOOO Wtamtn 

SU* im— id 

8447900 Was* 

6) * WlARan Hra 



27 s* F astern boa 
159* Edbra 
SOSm es 
4*81900 a* 

235* Bern T37 

iTTABw Bactratoa W& E»V 

70i3« Emnan — 

1.4m E ng i* 


• 4 


129* frakon* - - 

isxon F da kKjS* 

1 ,4*0.7* Fan 
139a Fanmam 

^SSgg? 0 '*" 

ib£ 3BS T G raep 


* ta 

Ss ^ 

ag enmy i 


7.1574m Giara 
3532m otonwad 
156* Gerng K«rr 
28.7* Q ran*ton Hdpk 


8417.000 HaW 

248* ran Bra 
1080* H*a (MJ 

5485000 HiBA 
1114* HFia 
0210900 Mampspn tad 
5.170000 Mm* 

4-576 0m (kraal 
3029m Donee 
1814m Do 5to% PI 
14184m Oe 10% 

TV 7* Hargnimma 
6000900 Warns (PMp| 
1.0364m HMMr Bdd*t 

137V -IV- 69 49 1B.1 

T31 57 54 ... 

918 *4 50 28 114 

170 r -4 66b 58 US 

358 -S 144 49 161 

49 ~2 07 1.2 334 

33 *2 21 64 U 

128 • *1 7.1 5S20J 

&fi 84174 
78 14 J55 

14 19 VT 

ID -4 88 55 TO 

48 -IV as 14 59 

100 -8 - 51- 8.1 13.1 

34% -I 20 U 80 


» *-2 
102 •-! 

3*5 *18 . ... 

300 -8 IM U II 

KM +4 54 49 61 

118 • -3 2> 14 107 

194 -* 49 39 14.7 

987 +12 169 18JS9 

33) +14 129 U 150 

310 • . 155 59 119 

138 -9 57 61 139 

•8 109 35 127 

• 05 57 139 

-IV 24 11 174 

_ ,M JStSi 

Its 7.1 139 
61- 52 080 
64 62 01 
17.1 59 11.6 


1*0 -3 54 

m +18 144 74 172 

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Weareexf&ndrag otirsuctiessfiisailei department dilfe to 
tjle eontiiitwd: growth, otbitf publication^'' !* 

Therefore there are opportunities for ties people who 
possess the qualities and character to compliment our 
existing team. The required qualifications are a good level 
gf education, enthusiasm, dedication, and a good appeac- 
ance.' & top^le^e. of^^in'g "would be. desirable. ... 

■pf^e^airt5g arH|SJg" s^«7rtr<afpitalise on Bew.4>usness : 
opportunities and fiiD immingJwill befflven‘6) equips you. 
tp; meet the challenge and demands oCthis hole. The nghL 
applicants win be ideally aged under 35 and' wiU rtside in 1 ' 
London or within easy travelling ■ distance. 

Your ability to respond to the competitive nature of 
advertising' in order to develop new bosiness-fbr Times 
Newspapers will earn you the reward of an. excellent 

andgencrous; holiday 

^ntitleraenu. pyuq \\ 14 j'ji 4 t '■£ 

{lease-. telephone: -■* l <l~. 7. ‘U * 

June Wyse 01*33 7430 ? : •; ■ ? ;■• 

Steven Oxley 01-837 1234, extension ^706" *■ - 

;/•; e v DESIGN ^ 

rv..- 1 '- fc .;?*• -ft-' l > 

PHasblWEL ; £10.500 aae 

Organise and administer this very busy personnel manager, 
maintain training and advertising records, liaising at all levels 
.within the. company. A confident, cheerful secretary with good 
typing will enjoy -this versatile position. 


^TheTV1an^^ : DirectD^o international company offers tbe^ 
; responsibigtie^ arid challenge a socially gwpte PA seeks. Natp- 
■raliy/yoo have exceptional skills, polish and a flexible,' positive 
approach to a challenging and rewarding role. ■ 


£6.00+ per hr & immediate assignments for top class secretaries. 



iFor, morp iijfpfmation* on these and many other p 
rthe opportunity for an-fofonnal and.-conwfential di 
^Diane HOfoh.or^Xatift ftu «^pn:0lT^-Q889. 

Lions, and 
issio.n call 

. , REORUITMENT consultants 

TELEPHONE: 01 -489 0889 

SI- 4 --: 

... /i 


What’s the difference between shorthand 
and Intermediate word processing? 

■I V ' K Oi. j: L . 

^ct^weAc^s carafe assig&l* 3*. . \^the^ha}p'5i 11 fipng w 


cncftype of woifc So we pay,u n^-T-* *• ■ wdendttirajgn; durflBe 
acdofalnoy If ydyVegQtword >.'? * fraWhBL if Y^io*iHijeto£ef the ‘ 
pio(»sslngskite toanTnfomTocffote‘ ' temporary taddec Itxif s how well pay 

leyel well put you onto ass^gnmente , you: If not yet well help you up a 

tf^v^pdyaboufS40o»aeifW^jer tew rings. 

frtan for someone who's simply a IkA to us abort pay ...andal 

shorttxxid typist' flMottiarbonaflls.CalusnaM. 


Ssfery tas® pfea goad pula ad •*. mm tar 


tei> LiW Bi. if fti»i| pCi« u>Mpto*WBicjPAiBt»i>«*rttta«(wdiai>*n.Tt«yan)tacfc»BtarBit n «o ne »*igMfl 

iMb ** s aptb al tnq a Mv-SHV) *8«to md wnMaig *1 *4 dmoftmoi 

■rtfftMB Md a <.<(,»«> .-,1, w u- r i ‘ 


jfrottq te. iwn*w mm< tar khSol MnWH 'opH.'Tm SOfSta^tRSOO 


(nw m»M PJl wacy a* taoMig for i good and tata h *m» wOi mi ol tat moot hm Aackn. Job 

■uiilini i in ill i ■i*i*o iiiiiiimim mi r> MiMiri miirnfli nitaii imririwwliiniimiii r»ml 

S/H ad Ipg mMML 

tarttin aaadCta^iiiMdcMM tatakalMMIR 

13/14Dean5treet, London.WI V 5AH 


. Upmarket Temping 

to £11,000 

This - summer, jean an exdush? and 
upw^trtfly-mpbile elite! The pidi ofJLondons 
pKSt^je.’- jobs: Rewat^ iH3t pa\ - -full 
rap^rbon' Vo' excellence! And something 
more, fonger-term cansergroivih. Fihandall\ , 
our pa>‘ structure reflects your deretopmeni 
So too our training unit where. without 
charge or obligation you can bring your- 
self up co dare on the latest in WR Find out 
more about upmarket temping Call todav: 

i fm ssssm^ ssui^m 



Tp ,wbrfc for Franchjse^ Devek^wnajt 
ajp PR 0$m?r 

ff x^eSelHHese^d, 
rna^nee, ejnxlleut tyj^ng (M«j^5S>^pnv- soi ic 
audio^ like using own. miMOve-aafl bting part 
of a InendBy! hard-working and oomimttied team 
pleare tdephone: 


Requires a Secretary for two senior Develop- 
ment Surveyors ax the Estate office in Mayfair. 
Excellent SH. audio and typing skills are neces- 
sary with good appearance, bright, personality 
?and 6-wiHmjpete to becotn^ invobid: ‘ ' 


succ^sfiil appticanL | , ' 2 ™ 

jRfeasg J9$P, In'Jdephone for apptiaiiion $m t 

C W PairteagfeB,’ ' 

-GRROUflE m : . 


As PA to the owner of one ol London's top soday ctohs. 501 wl be 
tweeted to-aknly con with anything from max (tastes to 
afegan! (firmer partes Ate means seeing to aayOmq tom toe 
crystal a the chd). 100/G0 slab and knowledge ol cordon bleu 
coming ideal. Mamin age 26. 




Small professional firm with exciting new 
project 'needs-, your, admin, ^secretarial; arid 
afc^ ; to ■ expand. c We cover, your 
,coste anttgive you a percentage of turnover. 

GV to Grafton, 

3/4 John Princes’s Street, Wl.. 

Required byGIrartfered 
Acccfcmtants practising in 
Mayfair for their own and 
client affairs. 

Salary circa £10,000 p.a. 

Please write to: 



£ 10,000 


/ -■ advertising, RR, 

PifWishing and the Creative 


Have at least 6 months secretarial 
expertence, using shorthand, typing 

or Vp? :;•. : : . 


Give us a ring, we are handling lots of 
jobs in these fields at all levels and we'd 
like to hear from you. 

01-491 8875 

Elizabeth Hunt 



This exclusive fashion house' have recently launched a 
new test selling fragrance and seek a bright secretary to 
their marketing manager. You should be keen to get 
involved, in order to gam product knowledge and contrib- 
ute to we success of the department 50 wpm audio 
abiGty needed. 


£ £ £ 

tan this small sales markfllino company with a basic 
salary ol £8.500 but superb benefits add up to a package 
of c tIO.OOO. A grooming allowance of EB0+ a month, 
free fares to work, free lunch and free ftairdressbig and 
tnameure. You should be -beautifully groomed and very 
wed spoken. 50 wpm typing and previous switchboard 
experience needed. Age 20-25. 

18 Gosvenor 5bset londcxt Wl 0I-2W 3531 


Join this City based firm ol American lawyers as secretary 
toa partner. You'll enjoy a relaxed, lively atmosphere, lots 
of liaison with cherts arid their head office in Los Anodes, 
well equipped, new offices: No legal -experience needed 
bid a-' stable secretarial background: 60 wpm audo and 
WP experience needed.-- - ... 


Don: be deskbound - join this successful firm of char- 
tered surveyors as seoetaiy to a partner. You will go out 
on sire with hen to visit properties and he would fike to 
train si ambitious person to move out of a straight 
secretarial role. Bright modem offices and 5 weeks holi- 
;.dayi. 90/50 skills- needed.- 


23 College K3I London EC4 01-240 3551 


This evening we are Keeping our Covent 
Garden office open after office hours. 

. Come in and talk over your next career 
;,;t -mcwewittiout the' worry of rushing badeto - 
work or taking valuable .time off. Whether ; - 
-\.;ycHj are looking for a permanent position - 
or would like to become part of our excep- 
tionally well paid temporary team, we d 
like to meet you. Please telephone for an 

l Elizabeth Hunt Recruitment Consultants. 

\2jJ Bedford Sheet London WC2 01-240 351[/ 

Bright outgoing Secretey/- 
Assstant .xrtfo ax ca— nt 
typing-, and.: 'N . WvbIs.' 
Orgmvmq ■ and * attending 
confarwws. tots or carear 
prospects ahead, lor-somef 
one with amtsotw. Age 20’s. 
Salary EaOOD ' . 

CaR Mrs ByzaiWkie 

01-222 5091 

Fast expanding Co seeks con- 
fytem & enthuaastK PA to 
help nei hira.and Ns busy 
WHk Schedule: constant diera 
Itabori,- orgamang - functions 
and really put your 
orgarasational abilities to the 
tesL Good typrtifl essential. ' 

Pis phone Suzanne 

01-602 3012 
Staffplan Rec Cons 

E11JKN1 neg. 

A tremendously waned kfe fora 
competent vn*«dwa«ecl PA 
with a positiw personalty and 
plenty of dacreOon and tact 
You wi act as PA to the Chair- 
man of this company 'that bn 

launched many famous prod- 
* ‘ucts. You must have pxjd stalls. 
100/60. etthough them is GtHe 
secretarial work.- You will re- 
cnat an the sacnrtarial staff and 
undertake other personnel 
tasks. Good presentation is wtal 
as you wS be deatag with cS- 
ents in person on behalf of the 



£10,500 neg + perics 

A semor drector of a world- 
famous hotel m Central London 
K ROT kxjkmg for a secretary 
to type and take messages. He 
needs an nteAgeqt (possibly 
graduate) Assistant who can 
roasy.tate responabAty as. he 
travels extensively, hfe multiple 
roles and: outside mlerests- 
cow the entertainment world 
and he seniority means his As- 
sistant is pnvy to same my 
confidential information. You 
must be quick, diplomatic and 
flexible and have a co mmitt e d 
attitude. 80/55 sk4s (although 
used only occasunaiy). 23+. 
Free lunches. 



£18,000 + Discanat 

Oxxtm SH See reouaaJ ia max 
lor ibe HO te As pnsRgora 
CounBy-wxJe (teal Co to lifli 
al aspects m ire 

'stendaHB A kkohi 

Manne.BH daily iuhmki ot the 
nines - pnm you mvUi as ari 
effeMM Sec S Om top toe 

CITY- 01*4812345 
WEST END: 01-938 2188 


£10,006 + ExcL Bess. 

rteopous Otr SwcUratars m- 
quie whop SH Swa a iw e nata 
W Dfoanue Uw management 

team. Lfflsot d*« etnaa. aoran 
Stason Exttemtly varied & nar- 
estwg position wati scope ter 
aH w ncenieni & supem berWas A 
camw move «mh a dtieremie b 
w meow m tti oarunaMy and 

CITY: 01-481 2345 
WEST END: 01-938 2188 

Remmes -assstent with sane 
lypr^neltt skN lo hantfle day- ' 
HHBy ■ adntmsmmw m small 
dta near Uterpool Street -Sal- 
ary apd (waus jtapendaer on 
expanence .and vnUmgnos to 
team. . ' 

Heay Inlrpknea W 757S. r 


SW1 - £7,500 

Thft young, -expanding 
vidqg, company .seeks a 
bounqr Aha [outgoing col- 
lege leaver to iteti uwr 
harrikwortdrig tMmJ The of- 
fices are located in a 
beautiful rateusned house 
where yew wil be shown 
how to operate a. simple 
switchboard end where 
your accurate typing 
feOwpm) wa also be uses. 

of Bond St. 


Ba ■&(«« tote Fe^>te 
: U-S29 CM 


Kensington MrtetmgCq i« a 
vanity e tter Busy.^ wanotens 
■ D»t S® sflartfianeLIU (»od 
• tyWl«9a«ad!0»tfMS. 

- c-sateypeg:- 

RtogJti.M 937 4201. 

. Ho Agencies. 

of Bond St. 

NoJBi.lnoitd6ortB finw i Vh it 





M.D. of small Marketing 
Consultancy seeks a 
sensible, adaptable, well 
organised person with 
good (70wpm) typing. 
(No SHJ. Sense of . hu- 
mour and non-smoker 
essential. Salary £8^00. 

01-727 0715 



£10,000 + BENS 

N.E London. No. 
Shorthand, Bank \ 
.sub sid. 

01-S33 0661. 



With flair for adminuicetiM 
and typing. Busy office. Out- 
going pcrsonaljtv with 

£7.800 + benefitt 


01 -Wl 3944 

Small office, good 
atmosphere. Salary 

• commensurate with * 
experience 352 4002 or 
■ 351 3097, ■ . 

■* rav 




A guide to 
career choice 

A challenge in 


Managing a kitchen calls 
for a number of skills 
including diplomacy. 
Simon Walsh considers 
the unusual demands 
facing a prospective chef 

“The Chef is management Chef de 
Cuisine means Chief of the Kitchen 
Wearing the tall white hat does not make - 
you any less a department head than the 
manag er wearing the suit” These are the 
words of Vincent Farrelly, Chef de 
Cuisine of a busy West London pub- 
restaurant where be provides an average 
of 1,000 meals a week. 

Mr Farrelly adds: “Managing your 
kitchen you need skills in accountancy, 
in knowing the ways of loss and profit, 
and you need to be a good judge of 
character when selecting a brigade to 
work under you. You must be adept nt 
man management and diplomacy dolls, 
and it is here that the ability to delegate 
stands at a very high premium.** 

“It’s a high pressure job in a hot, 
humid environment It demands not 
only creative flair, but also physical 
stamina and mental agility — and it's all 

A lucky chef with experience 
can choose where he works 

done to a deadline. If you try to take on 
the mantle of supremacy in a busy 
kitchen you will end up a nervous wreck. 
You must delegate.” 

In these times of high unemployment, 
a fully qualified chef with experience is 
in the happy position of not so much 
looking for jobs as choosing one —often 
commanding annual earnings in five 

To reach this state, you need one thing 
more than the aptitudes so far described. 
This is a love of food and the business of 
preparing it so strong, that it is enough to 
overcame the pressures that a chef must 
bear as part of his job. 

The office of chefisnotso much apro-. 
fession as a vocation, and probably the 
only one that always calls on, but never 
allows for, that sensitive, creative part of. 
a personality. 

Other artists may be fondly indulged 
for their little ways, but the “Woody 
temperamental” chef must create his 
artistry to deadline every time. 

So, assuming you’re still absolutely 
sure about this, where do you start? 

If you are about to enter further 
education, the City and Guilds courses in . 
Cookery For The Catering Industry are 

There is a basic and an advanced 
course, listed as the 7061 and the 7062. 
Should you continue through both of 
them, you would cover a three-year span 

Preparing a sea bass: Sergio Rebecchi, 
sons chef Philippe Resinger, London 




Research Fellowships: Applications of Mathe- 
matics to Financial Problems 

A senior research officer and a research officer are 
required for a two year ESRC research project on 
the app l ications of continuous time models to 
financial valuation problems. The project will be 
directed by Professor Stewart Hodges. 

AppBcants are sought with either expertise in 
numerical analysis and computing (particriariy 
numerical quadrature and the solution of partial 
differential equations) or with research experience In 
the option valuation fiterafure. 

The appointments wiD be made on the scale Grade II 
and Grad 1A range for research staff (£8/120 - 
£15,700), and wlH be with effect from 1 January 1987 

or to be agreed. 

AppBcation forms and further particulars from the 
Registrar, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL 
(0203 523827} quoting Ref. No. 1/2A/86/J. Closing 
date for applications 14th October 1966. 


Senior Lectarer/Beader in Management Accounting 
Applications are invited for a -Sentor 
Lecturar/Fteader in the School of and 

Business Studies to join a developing ^ 
Accounting and Finance led by Professo 

TtaapSmertt wffl be made with effect from 1 

(0203 523627) quoting Ref. No. 1/3A/86/J. Clos- 
ing date for applications 30th / 

lust 1986. 


as day or block release courses or a two 
year period as full-time courses. 

--Philip Conhora of the Hold and 
Catering Industry Training Board sug- 
gests the day release course is a good 
choice, and has some impressive figures 
to support this. 

“We have found this to be very 
popular. It involves them learning on the 
job with an employer for four days of the 
week. Most trainees pass their 7061, and 
in 1984, 90 per cent of the trainees won 
full-time jobs with their employers. 

“At that stags' a 1 7^year-o!d could be 
earning over £i00-per week haying just 
come off a training scheme — in some, 
cases, over £150.” 

For older entrants there is the option 
of doing the 7061/2 on an evening class 
basis, or there are privately run catering 
schools. However, finding funds to study 
catering and support yourself will be 
more difficult 

Philip Corthorn belieyes that the best 
option fov oldetentrants is-to into the 
industry direct, and work your way up 
from the bottom. Vincent Farrelly 
started out in much the same way, as a 
14-year-old trainee in a big hold in 
Dublin in the late 1960s. His apprentice- 
ship, it should be stressed, was harsh by 
today’s standards — “If the man had to 
repeat himself, it wasn’t an excuse me, it 

was a cuff round the eari” ^ 

All the same. It lends an insight “fntb ' 
. the .thoroughness, with Which prospective 
chefs must master their drills if they are 
to succeed. 

*T came back the next morning and he 
put me on the potato machine, and there 
I stayed for the next six months, peeling 
and scrubbing potatoes. 

“From there I progressed to the veg 
corner, where- I-was~ tansbriD the 
different forms potatoes could be served _ 
in, how to cook vegetables, and present 
them imaginative, for another six 

“After that I was on the grill bar, 
followed by another stint on veg and 
then on to the sauce comer, earh ax six 

“My apprenticeship .lasted five 

and there were times I'd wished 

known what I was letting myself in for. 
Nonetheless, I got my apprenticeship 
and came out a qualified chef But what 
is a qualified chef when you never stop 
learning?” Mr Farrelly points out. 

“Chefs today have a lot more flexibil- 
ity and can move with tastes acquired by 
a more widely travelled public. Classical 
cuisine is still very much a mainstay, but 

Greater flexibility is called 
forgiven wider public tastes 

now there are also new ideas, the 
Modernes, the Nouvefles.” 

Also new are female chefs. 

Patricia Wright, n ow a d evelopment 
officer with the HCTTB, and who 
previously worked as a chef said in an 
; mherentty conservative worid,tradition- 
ally Jidd to be a male domaim“A lot of 
London kitchens are stiB dominated by 
' men for a practical reason. This is. that 
there is a lot of heavy equipment to be 
manouvred. It’s only in the newer 
kitchens that women can operate on 
equal terms because of the 
provided to carry various objects. 

“But I must admit that I was not going 
to be beaten by -any male contingent 
You have to be determined that there is 
not going to be a barrier, and with the 
new equipment coming in now there is 
no reason why there should be.” 

But it was not she said all plain 
saiiing:“Yes, there was a reaction from 
the start. They wanted to show how they 
knew their job, even though they had 
come in at foe same time as me and had 
the same experience. 

“You need determination as well as 
en thusia sm and creative flair. You need 
foe ability to stand up to people who say 
that foings must be done foe same way 
all foe time; that is your creativity.” 

•For further information, contact foe 
HCTTB, PO Box 18, Ramsay House, 
Central Square, Wembley, Middlesex 
HA9 7AP (01.902-8865). 



Applications are invited for this lectureship in 
the School of Environmental Sciences which is 
available raider the UGC’s “New Blood” 
scheme. The primary aim of the lecturer in the 
early years wffl be to contrfoute substantially to 
research. Applicants should have recent ex- 
perience in the modelling of one or more of the 
following areas; air-sea interactions, 
atmoshperic chemistry, the role of the oceans 
m climatic change. Salary on the scale £8,020 
to £15,700 per annum (under review) plus USS 
benefits. Candidates should -not be more Than 
35 years of age, except where personal cir- 
cumstances have caused a justifiable delay in 
their career. 

Applications (three copies) which should in- 
clude a fuH curriculum vitae, including exact 
date of birth, together with the names and ad- 
dresses of three persons to whom reference 
may be made, should be lodged not later than 
75tn September, 1986 with the Establ i shment 
Officer, University of East Anglia, Norwich, 
Norfolk. NR4 7TJ, UK (Tel. Norwich 56161 
ext 2126) from whom further details are avail- 
able. Anyone wishing to cBscuss the post 
informally should contact Prof. P.S. Uss (Ext 
2563) or Dr. M J. Moseley (Ext 2533). 


Applications are invited for a University Teach- 
ing Fellowship in the Department of Physics. 
The successful applicant will contribute to both 
the lecturing and laboratory teaching and join a 
research group carrying out expen mental stud- 
ies using a wide range of phonon techniques of 
the electron-phonon interactions in low dimen- 
sional semiconducting samples at low 
temperatures. Applicants should hold a Ph.D. 
or have equivalent experience. 

A molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) unit has been 
established by SERC to produce samples for 
the research. The appointment is for three 

Salary scale: £8,020 - £9,495 (under review). 

Further particulars and application forms, re- 
turnable not later than 31 August 1986, from 
the Staff Appointments Officer, University of 
Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 
2RD. Ref No 1061. 



Appficatkm are touted for Has new Char bong estttifished 
by lie Uniwaty with financial support from CompugranMs hter- 
natiood, Gl enrothes The Profe ss or mi) be expected to lead a 
speciafed rnknetadronies group within the Department of Electri- 
cal Engineer i ng and Electronic s based on existing saff and 
resaices supplemented by research support to be sought from 

external agencies. Collaboration with Mushy, including consui- 

tancy won by tie Professor, wM be encouraged. * 

raenuai cjkinuibs won a suostanpa racora or resow n 

one or more branches of fricroJectronics are invited to obtain 

detaled Partiafera of the post from Ike Secretin, The Hw- 

sity. Mm. HI 4M(teleffcsM Mm (03^ *J1«1 ExL 
4915). The date date for receipt af ippBriflrai is U 

- - ■ ISttTneas* paste refenmu EST/4/IS/C. 

university of 




Application are invited for the post of ADMINIS- 
TRATIVE ASSISTANT in the new Centre for 
Continuing Education which is to operate from 1st 
October 1986. The post is available for three years in 
the first instance. Applicants should preferably be grad- 
uates aal should have had administrative experience in 
a University or other appropriate establishment. The 
duties will cover a range of work associated with the 
Centre, assisting the newly appointed Director of Con- 
tinuing Education particularly in the arrangements far 
mounting short courses in postr experience and voca- 
tional turning -• 

Salary will be at an ap p r op ri ate point on the Adminis- 
trative Grade 1A saury scale: £7,055 - £12.780 per 
annum according to qualifications experience. 

Further particulars may be obtained from the Senior 
Aanstant Registrar (Establishments) FP, The Univer- 
- " ' " “ NE1 

later than 18th August 1986. 

lodged not 




Decorative panl courses. 

rag roiling, nwrtie&ng. 

spongemg. dragging. Curtain 
making courses, gilding 
courses and many others 
available. 1.2 aid 3 day 
courses hi GreerwncM 
mites Irom London. 

Other courses available. 

01 6920961 


Thu* week <vui*» <i. Flow 
AmRsnM and Floral-, bdd 
ihmuct*** lb* yew. 
Two-day comes iho 

p&w nng 

01-493 6171 
toe hnber rtcttlb 

ri Hnfl-e ninH W1X TV. 

WINCHESTER Tel: 0962 667B3 

iE vjNoktd 1962) 

Fall awl lun-ume coarm af 
ini.-miw i min Hhud and group 

Ultimo m all O ami a lod 
uhKn J »iTOr UhOTUMict 

Soper. i>ol VMd> mm CnnpoUT 
and mime uciUiov 
fcurniBdiHifl trnur 


2 year Training Course 
Limited Places 
Details from Sosfb East 
Conservation Centra. OW 
Brewery Yard. High Street 

Hastings. Sussex. 


0424 431157 


Mraoefi-l* -N* 


m emj Uaadjf 





be Km tab 

GO SMk Uo*BH Sow. Item «L 


WMch Court* ? Which Career? 

HfMdt QnaflftcaUom? 

In— jrlipndlialiliww 
mat and Guidance arailjble to 
Mg —n aud — u—g p eople 
reach fee RIGHT dednon* at 
ttbcracBlefege. T ree t ra d -re; 
A 90 Glauceiter Place, W1 
• • 01-935 5452 (24 hri) 

• mo ■ 


Applications are invited for a lectureship in 
Microbial Physiology within the Environmen- 
tal Microbiology Research Group led by 

Professor D P Kelly. Whilst no particular field 
of interest is specified, applications from can- 
didates with interests and experience in 
microbial and environmental interactions, 
such as biogeochemical cycling, symbioses, 
or the response of microbes to changing 
environments, will be especially welcome. 
The successful candidate will be expected to 
take up the post as soon as possible. Salary 
will be on the Lecturer scale: £8,020 - £15,700 
pa (commencing within the first six points of 
the scale). Further particulars and application 
forms from the Registrar, University of War-. 

wick. Coventry CV4 7AL, (0203 523627) 

quoting Ref. 
applications 30th 

/J. Closing date fa- 


b-d—tmul I'ruvncdiy onera 
dagrm to imd-carrrr odulu 
our 25. renrmy at home and 
uith lull rtrdiK lor lirr cjwt 
npmnui> Prawntin from 
□CM. T. N«l Cataon A Co . Sud- 
bury. Suffolk. COIO 6CQ. 

neftneea’s Oahrerstty. ri Belfast . 


Oepartmnt ef Electrical aad 
Electronic Eagiaeerfeg 

This new tectumshJp has been estaWshecf from 
October ^988. ApgBca&ons are sought tiuin suitably 
quafified persons in any field of electrical and etoctnanic 

engineering- Theijersoc appointed wS have 

respon34)iSfy for cowses m tin Department retated to 
his or her spedalzation and vriO be expected to 
contribute to research. 

Salary scale: £8,022 - £15,702 per amum with 
contributory pension righto under USS. initial placing 
depemSng on age. qualifications and experience. 

Further, particulars may be obtained from the 
Personnel Officer, 

The Queen’s University of Belfast, 

. . ' . BT7 INN, Northern Ireland. 

Ctosfng date: 1 September 1966. 
(Please quote Ref. 86/T). 


School of Engineering and Applied Science 
An ACME project with B.USJ0. Go. UL 

The project concerns the app&cation of automation to 
the shoe manufacturing industry, and vrii involve the 
integration of comp u ter vision systems and mechanical 
handing of shoe components. The applicant should 
hold a higher degree or have had post graduate experi- 
ence to an appropriate field to industry. Preferred areas 
are Computer Vision systems. Microcomputer (nterfac- 
ing and Digital Control. The software development wB 
be an Important aspect of the work. 

The Research Assistant wB join a team at Durham 
which is working in collaboration with a team from Hull 
University and BUSM Co. Ltd. The post is tenable tor 
three years from October 1988 wkh an MUai salary to 
the range £8020 - £11,990pa on the Senior Research 
Assistant 1A Scale. 

Applications (3 copies), naming three referees, should 
be sent by 20 August 1986, quoting reference SE1, to 
the Registrar. Science Laboratories, South Road, 
Durham DH1 3LE, from whom further particulars may 
be obtained. 


Applications are invited for a three year SERC 
postdoctoral research assistamship to work on a 
fundamental study of the transition between 
quantum and class teal mechanics. Experiments 
wM-study molecular -twmeling and diffusive mo- 
tions and involve inelastic neutron sc attering at 
ISIS (Rutherford Appleton taborafory) erkT at HIT 
(Grenoble) with a paraHei programme using nu- 
clear magnetic resonance techniques and 
computer modeling at Nottingham. AppBcants 
should ho W (or expect soon to hold) a Ph.D in 
Physics. Chemistry or Mathematics. A back- 
ground in neutron s ca tteri n g or computer 
modeling would be helpful. The project combines 
a variety of techniques and theoretical problems 
and offers a good opportunity to develop career 
buBcfing skills. 

Further toformatiort from Professor S Clough, De- 
partment of Physics, University of Nottingham, 
Nottingham. NG7 2RD. (Tel: 0602-506101 Ext 


of Higher ? 


for cornea for 
September 19867 
Have you covered ALL the options? Does 
your portfolio of applications include: 


• One Science A level entry. 

• A new difnenskxi in the applic a tion of 
computing to scientific activity. 

• An interest in computing is more Impor- 
tant than previous experience. 




Applications are Invited for the post of Domestic 
Bursar. It is ewwcted that the person appointed win 
be between 40-55 years of age but applications 
from persons outside that range will be considered. 
The pensionable stipend will be £19,767 per annum 
subject to annual reviews of university stipends. 
Further detaRs may be obtained from The Master, 
St John’s Co llege, Cambridge C82 IIP, who 
should receive applications by 31 August 1986. 



Full-time Mathematics Teacher 

Required for September. 1986 an energetic 
and experienced teacher (Scale 2) to join a lively 
arid forward-toakmg department. The SMILE 
scheme is used, and an interest in stati s tic s and 
the use of computers in mathematics is 
essential. Experience in internal mo n i toring of 

dures worn be useful. A p pl i c a nt s should be in 
sympathy with the Christian aims of the schooL 
For application forms please telephone 
01-421 2164 

between 6-730 pm any e v e n i n g 


Accountancy Tuition Centre 


TO £14,000 

ATC are seeking a tutor fa lecture in Law. and to 
provide tutorial support to students studying for 
professional accountancy examinations. 

Teaching experience, while useful, is not essen- 
tial as full training will be given. 

The ability to teach Economics. Accounts or 
Quantitative Techniques would be an 

Applicants should be graduates and preferably 
hold a relevant professional qualification. This is 
a full-time, permanent post 

Please write with fun e.v. to Sue Bennetto, 
Accountancy Tuition Centre, Granville House* 
25 Luke Street, London EC2. 


Full-time Music Teacher 

Required for Septe mb er 1986. An experienced and 
wefl-quairfied teacher of Music (Scale 2). Th» is on 
opportunity to ioin a weH- es t a MisftBd de p art m ent which 
fa Highly valued by the school. AppUcanta should be in 
sympathy vwth the Christian aims of the school. 

Fbr application forms please telephone; 
01-421 2164 

between 6-730 pjn. any evening 


Full-time Science Teacher 

Required for September. 1986 a suitably qualified and 
experienced teacher of Physical Science (Scale 2) to 
join a weB-estflbfehed department AbMty to teach own 
subject to ’A' level essential. AppBcants should be in 
sympathy with the Christian ato» of the schooL 

for appB celiun tanas please telep h o ne 01-421 2164 
bet w ee n 87 30 pjn. any evening 

LLB? - BSc (Econ)? ^ 

‘A’ Level Grades need not hold you bade! 

London University’s Bachelor of Laws degree, or the new 
Bachelor of Science degree which now specialises in 
Accountancy/Management Studies/Banking, Hade & Industry/ 
Economics are of a standard exactly parallel with the internal 
degrees of the University 

Entirgz 2 ‘A's grade E& 3 t)’s for our FuB/Part-timecourses in 
London this October and Correspondence Courses. 

‘A’ Levels with Brian Heap? 

Our courses integrate excellent academic standards with the 
best careers counselling ensuring the best choice of university 
or college. 

CALL NOW ON: 01-385 3377. 

Or write for full details to Dept MT. 

HU; 200 Greyhound Road, London W14 9RY. 

Other courses offered by the HoWom Law Tutors group of 
colleges include : Bar, Law Society, LOB, ACCA, ICMA, ICSA, 

EARLY APPLICATION is advised for this 
important and innovative course. 
PHONE LUTON 34111 (ext 264). 

or write to: P Keay, Dept of Science, Luton 
College of Higher Education, Park Square, 
Luton. Beds UI2 8LE. 

Bedfordshire Education Services 




cnAocsA,a,c and computers 



TUTORIALS courses 

I RECOGNISED BY BAC|B<4tWi AoaMHattan Ceunefll 

|anMBB>OFOFE(Corf««firelorliidreendnitFiirteMEdwallon) || 

New from Pitman 

g^*»292£^«Bnal«ate farftSA exanwiatens. 
lodgings avaUatte. For pmspaaus. please 

Tb« P rincipal, 


Teh 01-946 1706 




Teacher Oi CHEMlwTR ■ \ j 

to “A” level 

Required on a temporary 
basis for one or possibly more terms. 

Applications with c.v. and names and 
'phone numbers of referees as soon as 
possible to the Head Master, St Peter's 
School, York Y03 6AB. 


Teacher at home, Dulwich 
area, for 7 year old. 

6-9 hows per week by 

Short or tong term. 
Phone 01-670 1147“ 
after 7JHpm. 





COnVMhenswe rang* or 
cowses mm me msiw 
, Mewled standard loading to 


Hill Time and Everang Comes 

IcommenceSeownbe*] o> 

Uriarguded home study 

Ring, write or ca* for 

D«of T .iSBaHerfmSL 
London WlY 1IC OI-493 01 SS 


"Ooteter and Csstfs", August 1-6; August 28-31. '’Roman- 
esque An and Architecture”. September IB-21. "Wye-Dean 
weekend”, September 28-28. 

Bipedttons to reedtowl site in an area of outsfondng 
natural beauty. Accommodation to attra ct! w Quean Anne 
farm house. 

SJLE. or phone Christie Ann 
Medieval Study Centre 
Tan House, Newiand, Coieford 
Gloucester GL16 8NP 

Tel: 0594 32222 


The demand tor fee Steed man or women. cfafa pudW fe the 
pnfrat* sector ts messing- Most of fee training necessary » 
quaBiy tor e dfakme in cWropody maybe tween at home try very 
apeoBbefl correspondence lessons foKwed Of Ml pnd k ol 
frahfay You are invited to write far the free booklet tan 
The School of Soraical Chfcspody 
The SOME teHtidi (i lttllshMi 1919) 

The New Kafi (Dept. TD) 

Bofe Bead, W Me tfeMd. fifehfeSUS 
(OEM) 217Q0 (24 fat) 


a«t (M28) 32449 


iKlivkluaMj plrowl trilim hr GCE a 0 * A ImL 


Hare you cenridu td a areer as a professional pilot? 

Adi one yor comet ai Cranfirid covering eO nocmd and 
flying EUHraerioe fix professsanU U«nces far aeropfaiKS and 
MicopteK. Approved by British Civil Aviation Authority. 

Courses son Frixrary. June and October eadi year 
For ten deoils eooiaee 

The Ceerar 0 ihaialitraMr 
Treat Air Smko Utf 
CnUi Beds. MK43 OAL 

TEL: 0234 751243 Trice 121178 




I Cress 

Stene risrriu UwrteM Cssne 
Mbs Sqtertw, Januvy ad A<ai. Plast write * Uephom far 

18 Ptarraven Street, Pwfc Lwia. London WIT 3FE 
ToL 01-629 2904 

ST. S0MK7S ooitaoe. London. 

SmMinjI. BiMnni am Uif 

treOHivk Wans P rocess or 

Traanlm Eitesi lor Oimeei 

Student*. RnMM M Day Bto- 
The Regwrar rm 2 
a rewrite Rood. Londm e<W3 
OaO. Trl. 01*56 9631. 

Oxford Potvtectuilc. Bum on 
ABTA Approved O oCrsT w? 
wort. In Travel Inductry 
ilJnwjij or Bn tern oi -sal 
3209 Or Oxford 341)3% 

Cone*. 22-24 OueeraSSw 
Plan-. London SWT me 
Hw wrUF ar Memos* for 

nresw««*L 01-5099093 or oi- 



department OF 



™ assa n n» 
PW-9flRnla re- 
2™ ®J ta&D cae fFDfessjflirts 
Mhcal m nr ^H Q i oruft- 

I** 1 ? Rte g n Ram ^ 

’"are n 

« man y tar Baa trers «m a 
a unreal BK a turtt, 

§ iStXSM'.SK 

Prep & 



GCE retakes - 
Which College? 

Consult us about *0* 
awl ‘A’ level retakes and 
get expert advice on 
tutorial colleges. 

Our counselling is free 
and objective. Our offices 
are just six minutes by 
Underground from 
Marble Arch. 

f^^^Kiiighde y' 

TiOTTnim mug 
wn *w™« w»«*£i«ir m xi 
v* 2te HI MArlR 

C a ntina ed on Rcxt 




4 Attotutittg 

* It'-. *. 

a, - 

4p v; .-. 


a +.Ai.-:s t r 

* . * .-I'ns 

■ !.' - ,v 

Uw*>!lp' .1 

ft **«.-? • 

?*M ?. v; u . 


ft 1 **•<» W r . ; . 

fr\ Wi 
*-m.; , i, 
;u*f M*it, 

Ce C 




i* !'*?’* -. 
tfut* ti - ! ^- S r. 
4»M ; , 

***rtft tfas- 

te rj ;n;.tr-. 

1 Sen* ilsiftfirt- 


wW a ,‘ 

iM *a- ijffi*- 

» f_;i r- 

tcJF* tov.r*.: 

« 'otfis:, ■*• 

I 1‘lHl'i. f'.'i" 







mi «•«:%.’■ 

4f **•<••« 

• 3*33 NNWEte 

. * ^ST UWVtyg 

I tCT «£.*r*'< ' «• *• "• ■' 

«•< «*•- * " :T '" s 
Itriturci c*, : ‘ _ r ' ^ ^ 

V MWfiCAr:?* • 

9MQMI -5’ 

■ft 01 <’ * »»* 



M **»-«■ 

»al» r 

fiwshtp 5 



Specialist training 


Computer Demonstrator/ 

POST 54/82/89 
Stale 2/3: Efi.243 to £7,749 
tochdtag Lowtoe ABswance (under rntoi) 

A vacancy has arisen tor a Computer Demonstrator/ 
Technician to be located in the Kingston Business School 
at Kingston HHL The successful candidate will have a 
major involvement to supporting the new Business 
information Tectinotooy Degree, and a fuQ range of other 
undergraduate and post graduate nurses. 

The work wHl include Demonstrating and advising bn 
various software pakages on IBM and IBM compatible 
micro computers and VAX mini computers, providing 
support Id staff in the preparation of teaching materials 
and supporting the development of software. 

Support win be given to Develop the stalls and career 
prospects of toe successful candidate. We will give 

particular attention to appficants with a strong computer 
use who wish to gain experience to enter a commercial 

Application forms and further details, quotng- post 
reference, from:. 

The Persomf Office. lOogctar PoJytactafc, 
P ew fcy Read. Nogstei Upon Danes, 

Surrey, KT1 2BL Tefc 01-549 1300, «L 505. 

Closing date: 15th August, 1986. 


Exciting WI design /art studio urgently 
need an enthusiastic and lively 
Secretary /Receptionist 

Sparkling tdepbone and accurate typing are two of the 
skills we require. To find out more, please ball Rachel 
Hood on 01-437 8411. 


55-57 Great Malboroagh Street 
London Wl . 


Require WP Operator/Assistant 

The successful applicant will become part of a 
busy creative team organising and managing 

Fast accurate typing skills essential. The 
position wBI appeal to someone seeking varied 
and interesting work with an opportunity to 
develop organisational skills. 

Phone Julia Spencer on 01-242 4141 

* svmcy 

* PfWTH 

* wwm 



* FU 


* srbotk 



+ ToSm) 

r f&flOO Of NO Cl- 
nt ■ h »l I 


Wt wg l^ * ,»» 

to®fl Wi Co. 

Ram can 

Lm M or UodB MdLood w 
014313054 or 
0*43* MU oBor UOpw. 

nmCH AT ArlEVZL 09M0+. 
if you tint though* you would 
like to use your French to your 
work, you route! do so wfm • 
leading managetnml consul 
Uni. The partner deals with the 
French pvt of Africa. There ts 
inuutoUng work, research and 
plenty or nokuno the tort- 
white no is out at the country. 
Radiy shorthand adrouai*. Age 
23*. More details 883 0066 
Meredith Scott Recruitment. 


20+i £9(000 

fnternaboiiil enmps^y 
wete AdmniBtratwn PA 
prepond lojget involved in 

thf admjn kfratinn girln nf 

Ute Drinks EkoineaB. 
ivtinps, disnnioa yivqn, 
ta®e with desquiea. tin 
shorthand etc. 

Meredith Scott 


J7 Atr &, Lmdm EQ4Y !MJ 
\TA 01-533 1634/36SS Ji 


' Wtt/i good triepbone manner 
and initiative to become a 
man bet - of oor small friendly 
CompsW and Leasing Con- 
sultancy. Interesting ami 
varied duties with good pros- 
pects. Own IBM PC New 
office in HaDmnL Sabuy 

Phone 01-831 2981 

MOND Broker. Busy Ul 
emb ra cnig PA rot*. LVs. Ftw 
BUPA. Not for a wan (town, 
tors' loti. Can Janice Nonnmore 
OflKe Anxto RecntUment Con 
-mitants OI4M1 COM. 




Wnbncenem stalls and 
preset! duqh fbr Imeraabosal 
Trading Company. 

£7X00 + benefits 
01-491 3944 

young West End Surveyor. Lott 
of cneni Hatton and trtspn 
worV. Friendly folk but He 
mantling routine for 19-21 yr 
old. LVs Xmas bonus. Ptorict. 
Cali Michele Kononrakt Office 
Angrtt Recruitment Caosuf- 
unts oi-eeu am. 

Overseas Travel 

CwtilRdhoRpap 22 


Save with Swissair's 
Super Apex. 
Geneva daily on con- 
venient afternoon 
flights. And daily 
flights to Basle ! 

(except Sundays). [ 
Book and pay M-days | 
before departure. 

Stay in Switzerland 
at least unto the 
Sunday afterarrival. 
Bookings and full 
conditions from 
travel agents or ■ 




47 Resons tn SrtEBrtml 
Astra. Frsaeg & tOff. 

The Bwest Ctaa On Sts! 
Ex Gatwek. Luton. Manchester. 
Glasgm & Edmbugft 

81 765 2280 

ABM 11723 ATOl 1232 


■CUBE PARK - Sunny. 2 hrtt 
ganiHi nai Lounqr. uretten 4 
MUuixmtt 6cr south writ g« 
Dni CC« V low ouMOum. 
or diver fh ca».9sO tor 
ginrk ulf Td M t3! 3789 

H Mn o U MULL drughifut sun- 
ny tsi lioor £ bedroom boKW 
Ikal CTSOOO TH Ot 722 7W6 


» s wu » 


* TOKYO * 

V * wwa * 

* * HJtBAHE 4 

* *WtCOUWH» 

9X1 SC Soon coupe 62 nwtrl hi 
9Mfit» fed. 38.009 tnlln with 
FSH. any msocction wHcant 
Cl 5. BOO TH. 070ft 45619 iqf 
iiroi 0376 61343 M*«h> 

*i wmss * * wm + 

* CM88EM * *smoxn* 


* USA * USA + LtSA *USA * 


fEw'd 1969} 


4837271 2T5J8fiiS30/271P 




Education Courses Review is a special 
series of articles and features examining a 
widerangeof courses in further education- 

P 9 R'i *. » i t-rfoii • •Ir ? 1 ^ I * r 

futher education, it hadttdnn 
reading list. ■ 1 . - ^ 

Especially as this year The Sunday Tunes 
Degree Service introduces a unique feature 
which lists all the remaining degree courses 
available at polytechnics. 

AitemaDvefy.if you're a college with places 
to fiU,it delivers a captive audience for your 

Educaoon Courses Review.wffl appear in . 
The Tiroes every Monday foH weeks 
conunencinglB August, and for4 weeks m 
The Sunday Times starting 17 August 
So reserve space now. Write to Stefla 

The S unday ^ Times. Virginia Street, 
EI,wtelepnone(0J)48l 1066. 

„ „ . , I PA. EMOsh SH E9. £6. BOO. 

I Loaouagc Staff Asy d» 8928. 
Dolwn. Mwnm * bra» I 

rorvmsUMm S. AMSASwOMS I FHMCH 78 BM— If AUPfO rec 
tore. cons. Ol 73A 0632 I for tnl co Wl STTMOO*- sun CA 
I MCTTOWEmpAOV 01636 14RT. 

PUMSM/DMUSH nc/mtiw. 
mooa Luvuw snfl Asy 
486 8922. 


WOMHAIL Form MttW- Aug 
17/2001. Si pa 8 Tennis. Boot. 
Ootf nr. cm Te(x0SO3H26( 


HVee VM EBTATC 2 bed mob In 
tnfs uitMue onMoptnem moo 
ku & tram. Rtcrp to wtiudra 
urn- WM facing Hhodland set 
1 mg. U3&QOO 1 net CH. CHW, 
untter otoum Puna A im 

Cdns. 196 vr (.w Ol 0029856. 

M CONVCVAUCWO bv fuUy auall 
nedSMWittn. Cl 60 * VAT M 
sumuri OMDunemenv nng 
0204 319398. 

200 5 SPEED amr box 1W. 
Powemt mtim Red Manual 
Sunroof Itiii smin < hmwv 
New itm. biereo hmrucutanr 
rondilxHi- 33.600 milcv 
Lb 750 0! 729 3657 0T 01 739 

350 IL T wi Sdvrr with d. 
blue tut Hard/wn too orrto. 
md rondumn. K9.993 ona 
Tel 1045403361 



Psbn 10/8 T1T7 
CtereM 1/8 £129 
Kstefi 7/8 £138 
Alcaato 10/8 £134 
«ea 9/8 £135 

poonr bnoe, 2L CLS. auto. C 
rag- air mna nr. aunt mw. 
evtoav imiruculMe £.7.700. 
Tei 01 773 1097 loner 6 p.m-> 


01-491 1734 
01-629 3368 

ATOL 1824 

riaL Production. PubMcUs' and 
. PbgMa ■ vww odemnw now fior 
hrtgM young sees teen lo mow 
on In the Book and Magazine 
worn. £8000 - £9jOOO and a 
■Senior See port at op lo. 
£10000. Coven! Carden Bo- 
read, 410 Fleet 86 £06-303 

amwi— Btri co. tens a 
MatlceUnflaec. 90 /SO. Career +■ 
imoU-emcnL £8400 ♦ T ravel 
discount. Can NMatta TED Asy 
01*736 98S7 

DfraueCMrr Yotaig Lady lo as- 
sfef <n ruimlng MBa holiday 
company. Good typtofl. lan- 
fltmge* an aiaeL Salary neo. 01- 
409 2836 

tamaiM. Sec forPdbHctier*.- 
Hesearch, 6 Athaaa. -.0 0/60. 
^e7^ook; cm- maatta yXen 
Any Ol 736 9887 

PA/AMMD 5CC. with WP for 
young, professional Co. In the 
Clly.CKXOOO-i. Berks. MOflMz 
734 7823 Ktnflttand Per*. Coro. 

Assist win, boohs launches j, H- 
asse win, Press. £7 JHKk poke 
61. Bee Conn 01493 6676 

ADVEKTtSWQ CO «Tls Director 
needs capable. ronfidenL wen 
dpoken CK.jS/t> not essemtoL 
05.000 6 toons. Word Ano- 
ctales 01-377 6433 Any. ' * 

A— mom sa SEC m train as 
AtfverUauifl Execum-e. Grad/A 
Into 6 worn experience esten. 
dal To £8.600. Duke SL Bee 
Cons 01-493 8676. 


TO £7.30 p.h» 



Call Laura on> 

01-242 0785 


95 Ahtwych. London WC2B 4JF. Tel: 01-242 0785 
(ansaphone after office hours) 


<ZO+) C- £aOOO. Attractive W- 
pcaranceand brlgm paiwmaHty 
needed tor younp. IM moving 
co hi Coven! Garden. STMard 
exp and good typtoo a mustt 
Capital People 200 9380: 


» Is* -i 

Why taka lust any 
temporary flecre te ri ai 
job whan you cotdd 
vacancies and after 
excellent rates -and 

eammes-' * seehetahv< 

£6400 jiegbttnMe. Ideal for a. 
college leaver. Join the confer- 
ence department of this wen 
known organisation and help 
set up amt attend conferences In 
the OK and posslMy France. 
90/50 skills needed. Please tele- 
phone 01 -20O3E1 1/3091 
wm Cadi or Ol 2*0 3B61 
<Ci!y>. EHmbeth HmX Recndt- 
ment ConoultanK. 

CLERK TVoM. 20+. lor tntema- 
Uonal CUy Bank. £5 jS 00 + 
Benefits. Word Ausodales Ol- 
.377 6433 ' 


FT FL EXIBL E am or pm. prat ei- 
ther 9.30-3 00 or 200600. 

long hou if needed for worfcinc 
mother. Li -OH] Bee exp nec. Nc 
s/H. some WP itrg dienl Sau- 
ry cflOOpw. PubUsMng toe 
desirable. Ol 831 2828. 


Tat Looks BT 251 5156 

Para m 
Franklin £60 
Logos £320 
Naratk £329 
JoTxrg toea 
Cm £205 
Det/Bcm £335 

Hong Kang^O 

N YORK £275 
UVSF £395 
Mct» 1320 
Senaxxa £«2D 
Bangkok £336 
Katmandu emo 
R angoon E3S0 
Cakanta £425 

SON * S*» 

21 ftftemdt. lotoa Wl 
BMW 2 wmsi 86W 







Contintol from pose 19 

£ 10,000 

ffOMMSTRATOR. 25-33 
AUnugh ttss posaion is only 30% 
secfctanal, you need flood 
shorthand and tyimfl speeds. 
NureoBt am accu/xy my 
unpanaitt. Own »» m 
rasponsltrty. rawmal and 
irnKnaitwHl ctera tason. 
Exwtwflcs hi export/ stos 
requested Asstsdnfl exjxm/ sales 
. DractorotproiTinmconECI. 
Pfeaae 7M X76B or 437 M7I. 
133, MM Street, Rm Cw. 


with relevant Srattaral/Muagtnal 
(Apftvocr u twit tmdnr omti ini» 
me. Swh w« Loodoo am. 
Milliof to • Rnrt/Genmii 
ewen. Vgr 30*. Dcdmnl ^dam 
n*. Non motcr »iib cfctn dnvnfl 


Til: er Vil - *1-636 2116 


U * v, r II f N T I A L -— w 


For busy sates department. 
Good typing, sftottoand & 
audio skiffs to uss word 
processor/computar sys- 
tem. Young energetic lean 

in good working 
OMste Mflct: 



Small SWi Insurance too- 
kers (total crew 6) need 
Audio W/P Secretary naif 
end August Busy fnantHy 
office. Experience not 

Salary by negotiation 
Ring 01-839 5735 or 5853 


for leading 
contemporary Art 
Gallery. Salary £8,000. 
typing and 
experience. ■ 

Please enclose CV to 
66-68 Ben Street 
London NW1 6SP 

£18,000 at 284- 
tor a phenomenal secre- 
tary wttti slols of 100/50. 
Young, exeffing and ex- 
tremal hectic, you «M 
find the people and envi- 
ronment exhtorafing. 
Don't miss tote exciting 
opportunity- CaB today. 
Pauls Cowdy 938-1848 

Tel 01-441-0122 24hr. 

TAKE TONE orr la (tots. Am 
strrdam. Bnmto. Brugo. 
Gama. Bwtir. Lauuniw. The 
Hague. DuMlii. Rouen. Bou 
lognr A DIcdcmt. Tune OH. So. 
Otever Ckne. Loadaa. SWlx 
7BQ 01-239 8070 
■MlWftl A 8 acre. Wi Dig 
toe «uU. Aug/Sept 
itHtt/to Same wltti pro. 
pool. Call now on 0! 724 7776. 
Plays HoMtnvs. Atol 2136 

QOHMMMC nuiKC Cngltah 
couple lake gums In Uwtr ncaui 
Hfld 2 «ar noiei. Sttpcrh French 
cuisine. New sw Hnm to o pool 
CokMir brochure Tto 010 33 53 
91 61 31. 


luxury Vttms wflh pools and 
sitefsttn avafL South ofT ranee. 
Marbella. Aloarve. West Indies- 
ConlhwnaiVUtoOl 2439181 

TUMHIA. Our own apt at Port □ 
Kantaoui sleeping 2M«S with 
H/row nts Is now gvatlaMe. 2 
wks reUxmo in the sun from 
C308PP Inc. Patricia WUdbkiod 
LM. 0249 017023 or Ol 658 
6722. ABTA ATOL 1276. 


■mORCA vtnas. some with 

pooh, apartments, tavenua. ail 
Halo anon. August speclto. 
tngn season from C166. Cemc 
HoMdMH 01309 7070 3 0622 
677071 or 0022 677076 (2* 
hrw Atol 1772. 




Top caUbre cook/housaKeeper end txater/cnautteur lor busy : 
couple wtti 2 teenage ctuktrea. Salary to £300 net par wook. j 


■magUtaUm coott/hotreekaaper and garoanef / h andy ma n fbr 
MMrand oouttry hams. Exc. mccam. ana mmu n a nu on. 

Housatweper and garttaner/handymsn raq. tor weekand horn. 
Exc. story and accom. 

Telaphdtw Mre. Hutchinson. 

Jeeves Licensed Aoy. 
fll-828 Z0C3 

ResponsiblB mature person 
rent* red as bva-n Comfannn/ 
HousekBeper to lady 73 years. 
Remote country house near 
Reading n «tyBc settna 
Weekends tree, clean driving 
bcenn, some meson Mp enen cc 
useful but ooi essential. Sabre 
negotiable, references please. 

Tab ten Bey tl-935 21(1 
la am testaeca to 
totter datafti 

required for country es- 
tate near Newbury. 
Cordon Bleu or Lyn Hall 
trained. To wort five day 
week, including week- 
ends. Reply to BOX D97. 

|C1 L4 


Sydney £456 £756 

Auckland £415 £745 

Jo-Bag £306 £499 

Bangkok £209 £355 

Cafco £135 E2TS 

New York £149 £320 

LM Angeles £216 £399 

01-370 6237 

JorTra\«. Ol 486 92S7. IATA. 


MCE. Lowest teres ft- £99. 
Btflfltas. 736 6193. Atol 1893. 




gram. Portugal. CneMMM teres. 
BtoBM 01 735 8191. ATOL. 

swr r zEKLA WD scheduled Mam* 

01-724 2388 ABTA ATOL 

The moit beautiful plate 

you-ve never heard of... 


raatdrr an oawwnwil cook to 
help prepare food for drtimy 
lo the Outfit Express Tram. 
c£7.500 ba. tor a 40 hour 
week ptm WHHM. indudtng 
some weekends ., For mure de- 
mit ple as e mfr; Ltoh’t Com 
F ood- -1- ScOasban Street. Lon- 
don EC1. Trt. 261G216. 

General warned Holland Park 
ares. 6 m family, own room 6 
TV. 2 days off a week. 3 weeks 
■hoi ss. £90 pw Good refer- 
cnees essenhM. Ol -727 8168 

sole charge of Thomas i9) and 
jama 17) in SW London . Own 
roam- um of car Salary neg. 
Ted CQ73 477099 into 

toeio toll ibne daily nanny/ 
mother's MB for 2 bow 3 
yean A 46 months- 01-761 



lhai me rmnion of the etor- 
named Camum . whKh re bnng 
toluntoniv wound up. air le- 
oured. on or before Lite Utti dkv 
ot mmum lOrio. In send in 
ihetr lull ChrreikBn and surnames, 
mnr addre s v s and dnfrlpttoni. 
lull paiucuiaiv ol ttwu debts or 
rlalim. and me names and ad- 
dresses of lliru solicitnrs < 1 * anv>. 
lo me undmiqned Peter Sduky 
□non rCA of 30 EusitxHime Ter- 
race. London, wi 6LT. the 
Uauidaior ol the said Companv. 
tod. 8 so required bv nonce in 
writing I mm me saU Liquidator, 
are, personally or by thru Soliti- 
ion. to come in and prose Duw 
deoa or dilhu oi such tune and 
Hare as shall be wecUied in such 
nolke. or in defaull thereof they 
will or excluded from me benefit 
of anv distribution made before 
turn debts air prosed. 
dated inn, ?5Ui day ot July 

This notice is purely formal AO 
known creditor* nave been, or 
will be. paid in luU 

mat me creditors of the above- 
named Company, widen re bring 
voluntarily wound up. are fe- 
atured. on or before Ihr 12 th day 
ol SrH ember. 1986 lo send in 
itiett- lull Christian and surnames, 
ili Mr addresses and uescnptton*. 
full particular*, of Ihrtr debts or 
claims, and ihr names and ad- 
dresses Of l heir Solicitors IU any l 
to the undersiODvd Peter schotay 
Duns. FCA M 30 Eastbourne Ter- 
race. London. WS ALT. IM 
Uavauator of me said Company, 
and. U so required by noun- ui 
wt-lb no from the said Liquidator, 
aze. personally or bv their Sober 
tors, to come in and prove their 
debts or claims at such tune and 
place as Specified In such 
nonce, or in default thereof they 
will be exclooro from Uie benefit 
of any drernbuHoii made before 
not h deb ts are proved- 
DATED ins 2Sth day af July 


This node? re purely formal. AU 
known creduors have been, or 
wu be. paid m full. 


answer to 

__ 01-4911868 — 


• e E 9.500. Dtrecter Ind 

PA/Secretaiy required for in- 
volving position within a 
leading public company. 90/55 
suus. call Hodge Recnnlmem 
629 8863. 

PA to new admin Dir of premier 
Law Finn. WCI. Gen. Sec. 
skills with hf-tech bias tnba- 
codipony tnfamuuon 

funenunaior. c£i 1.000 
WtxxttMoM Rec. Cons. 01-404 


warn In West End art dealer's 
office; ouadficalians should In- 
clude typing, cfenrai abilities. 
driving and French Please 
write to HortnoiL 14 Mason's 
Yard. Duke St . London swi . 
GRAD SECS MMUim toed City 
praenre seeks. Trainee legal sea 
tor bum than. EsceUeui oppor- 
tunity. Full wp traunng given. 
Can Mary Craves Rec Cons Ol- 
637 6277. 


accounts an advan- 

Tatophon*: 01-3795901 


ADORN ASSKTAffr for non cam- 
mcroai organisation In Centra! 
London Good OMiummicaiive 
skills. Typing useful. Salary 
£9.000 Please Dug Prospect 
Tenure Ltd. 01-629 1531 

APPLE PICKERS. Mixed camp in 
lovely orchards Ages 19 - SO. 
Sept 21 - on 3. Tractor dm era 
welcome Firocaravans. Wnir 
Atkins. Tuffens TcuL 
Pu thorough. Surrey 

quirrei lor bins- West End 
private dental practice Sadary 
£6 £00 neqoUlDK* Telephone: 
01-580 0oo6 or 01-409 0994. 


^reurids ideal lor evec lob w a. 
as 36 liojsoo ♦ anucunied 
contmM of l-LOOO*-. K'ensua- 
ton Rec Con. 938 2151 . 

SPEAK French A German? For- 
eign Exchange Dealm newt 
adnxn support £7500 Word 1 
Associates Ol 577 6433 Any 


Publishing Co need an 
BxeeUent sales person to 
deaf wltfi International 
doms. previous mafia sates 
or advertising agency 
exoenfiftce + saeond tang 
pril. An exettng opportunity 
tor Ota right person. 

CaB 379 1562 

Moratw (tec Cons. 

CORFU VILLAS. We sun have 
aiaiUHlHy Sunday !OJ!A31 

- Aug tor 2 wire. Drawn m villas 
nr uw beach ex 
World Holidays. 01 734 2562 

IXFKAS 12.19 AuoSeW 
I n-worn Greek Mr. WUNteurf. 
BliQ'-v A bop. Solos Couples A 
Families. Lunaracape 01-441 
0122 24 bra 

aWECL tampodi rettod*. Cheap 
nwhts vuia rentals etc. Zeus 
Hobdays. 01 434 1647 Atol. 

Spanish Restaurant - SototRi 
niMne cMenilaf. Tei; Vhlmne 
tlOam - 4pm) 061 224 6826. 


87 ReoetH Street .London Wl. 
Tef 439 6634-LiK/Overaeas. 
Also miieip«/daBts temp/penn 


ITU FED U8 Being a top Executive 
Secretary in a large imeraanon- 
al Company and now peek more 
rewarding work lor my 36 yr 
old degree- qualified mind Can 
you help?. Reply to BOX C92 

25 seeks creative muxaymm. 
TCI 01-387 1226. 

world wine contract on private- 
ly owned muW-iMlUon pound 
motor yacru and retundng 
shanty to mb country would 
like lo hebr from companies cr- 
ooning lop level supervision of 
client hospitality. Impeccable 
references. Reply to BOX Dai. 
Tunes Newspapers- P O Box 
484. Virginia Street London El 



COOKS/ HARRIES seeking mtua-, 
Uons Canncs/Nire. currently 
located Antibes. 2 reliable En 
flttsft gtm. own Ira naan. 
Cardan Biro quabded Tel 
□909 664311 Shirley with*. 





noSH. C7.000 A ongbL otuoo 
ino nervop iq Win young. 
imorniAi friendly salev orientat- 
ed Co wnn b e au at id offices. 
Lott of iob invotvemenl Ring 
VinHU 754 7823 KIMHiand 
Pen Cons 

Ftaoufbd fbr wasting ma- 
chete and refrigeration re- 
pan- At least 5 years' ex- 
perience with most makes 
of appbanceft. Good rates 
oi pay. 

Tel: 01-883 6393 . 



A iiUa. 4 oo oi and a beauiifu! 
view Whal -note could you 
want? Choovr from Tuscany. 
Sardinia or Raveiio - Uie lovril 
cr parts ot Italy where the ma» 
market aperatws don't 90 Or 
combine a vine holiday wtm ■ 
nay in Venire. Florence or 
Rome Free brochure fVem 
Magtr of uaiy- Dent T. «7Sbep- 
herds Bush Green. W12 BPS 
Tel: 01 749 7449 (24 tin 
sen ice l 

FLORENCE just convened farm- 
house Garden flat In Tuscan 
halls. Steeps 6 . 2 mile* from cen- 
tre August enwartre £150 per 
week Phone owner Florence 
689 496 



Holiday* of distinction for me 
very tew Trt 01-491 0802. 73 
SL Jamrvs Street. 8 W 1 . 

AUlAtVL lux villas with pools 
A aptt. Avail Jid/Oct. Ol 409 
283& VUtaWorid 


MR HtARRFLLA Owing cepcefip- 
UMx. drtignHui vitu nr sea. 
Sbre 4. avail 8 29 Aug. £iOO 
pw Trt Ol 680 1667 
MARBELLA. Lux villas Wilt) 
pools 0 . aery. Aug toOa. 01 409 
2858 VII la World 

nCE No. 006432 Ol 1986 
Chancery Dtvtston Companies 


ApeUDOhlowtnd uflinrabofie 
named company presented «> 
|7lh July 1986 bv CHANCERY 
DATA LIMITED Ol Bank Ctlam- 
Dm. 4fl Onslow Cardens. 
London SW7 3AH will be heani 
al 1 he Royal Courts of Jmuu. 
Slrand. Lawton. WC2A 2LL on 
20111 October 1986. . 

Any creditor or cotunbutory 
wnnimi to appose or vupport 
mini ensure ilua wntien noun* 
rrarnes the undersigned by 1600 
hours on Friday- 17Ui October 

a cooy of me petition wtt be 
inputted by the undertMned on 
pas meal of »e prescribed charge 
Man David Mills 6 Co 
of Bank Chambers. 

48 Onslow Gardens 
London SW7 3AH. 
Soumor for the Petitioner 



aistet ts ptKJase 
■ECBJUBC KB5E5 n flOOfl COAfl- 
ton. tram 60Q 10 2000 UK. (note- 

TdaononK DHL34J0.72B 17 87 

725 11 22 

Teton 59*79 

T Mm 010J4JKL72S LX 70 
SJL Ctra. Semlwnt, Km. IT, 
nunrfi pamten) Spate 


TEL- 01-481 1920 

01-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 

TEL 01-481 4000 






All classified advertisement 
can be accepted by telephone 
f except Amtouacemcnsl. The 
dead hoe is S.OOptn 2 days prior 
to public? [ion fie 5.00pm Mon- 
day for Wednesday should 
you Wisfei to send an advertise- 
ment in wiling please mdbdc 
your daytime phone number. 
PARTMEN T. If yon have any 
Queries or problems refaona to 
your aduenbcmeoi once K has 
appeared, please rooted our 
Customer Services Department 
by telephone on 01-4*1 4100. 


NOPER-H APT TDe marriage took 
Warp in Nantucket 
MasurhtNSPUs on ISth July of 
John Roper CMC. MC and 
Phoebe. daughter Of IIK lair 
R B F osln of London and New 
York ana ot Mrs Josmhinp Rk- 
kf Future aadrrw Tenuta LX ‘ 
Men uneven. 680*8 PwWC, 
Crosselo llalv 

TION 15th NOl 1986 L* 
U ilbimton (Waygoods Ornii 
Sr outs CtmrffltkniikMWCaa 
ran urw-nlls 061 445 SHIT 


CAUNHC CITS Ltd proteeional 
rumculum ilhf documents 
Deuih 01-031 5388 
MR), b Mlh Luxury oruerr for 
manor whu skmwr-on south 
Oust of On on and Cornwall - 
Available by the hour, day or 
wee*. Tot Peter Dyer. Plym- 
outh 07X2 785611 
COMPANY GOLF Days organised 
lor staff or custo mers. An y to- 
raliou Tot 0754 877732 
BREAKAWAY. London s dub for unaiuictwd peoufe 
25-HOi« 300 nonb mnnlh 
ly 34 hr into lane. 997 7994 
CAPITAL CVs prepare rush quafi 
ti run trutian \ liars. 01607 

FRIENDSHIP. Love or Marriage 
All .iges areas Dateline. Dew 
iQlol 35 Abingdon Road. Lon- 
don tote Trt Ol 958 lOl 1 
HEART la HEART. Todays way 
ol meeting Confidential intro- 
due 1 1 ons throughout UK tor 
Companionship. Friendship. 
Mairuop Heart lo HearL 53 
London Rd. TiekJtenham. 
Middx Ol 892 2051 


U> lawyer 17 BuMrode SL 
London tel Ol 4So 0815 


in Earn seeks raring family In 
i tie South Kensington area lo 
xroniDMlaK ht> 12 year dd 
daughter as a paying guesL 
Monday to Friday, white she is 
atlending Ihe French Lyftt 
Cromwell Road She has good 
Cnalnh either an English or 
FrriKh speaking family, or per- 
nans a mature single lady m 
need of a mm pan km and inter- 
rsled in children's education 
would oe vunable Phone Ol 
588 3424 Cxi 2374 tor lull 
detaib. • • 

ORfCMAL SCRIPTS. uteoiayv 
screenplavs tor American irte- 
iNoo PsvcfxkogicaJ / social 
Mihi-Tis prel nr ed E 
Hernandez PhD 1703) 948- 

paid lor anlxiue Georgian and 
V id or La n lewellerv Coiuarl 
te iilianw. 45 Lambs Condidl SL 
teCI Tel 405 8538 


d.iu- style d' 6“ wide x 8* 5“ 
Iona . . jCprnnhve with 14 
Gamuorouuh style hide chairs. 
Often, around E2-S00 Coniact 
Derby 4879610 view Ref MG. 


million storks of 1 7lh and I8*h 
century replica furniture by 
some of England's fined crafts- 
men NrWrbed. near Henley OH 
Thames i049li 641II5 
FINEST quality wool carpets.' A I . 
trade prices and under, also 
available 100‘s extra Large 
room sire- remnants under half 
normal pirrc. Chancery Carpets 
Ol 405 0455 

THE TIMES 178S-198G. Other 
lilies avail Hand bound ready 
lor presenialwn also 

-Sundays" C12-SO Remember 
When Ol 688 0525. 

swrlmtu E\p. Chess. Leg Mb- 
All Ihraire and sports. 

Tel 821 6016 828-0495 
A Ex Vi sa Diners. 
SCATFtHDEHSAnyrvenl tor us 
MiS.Coienl Gdri. Sarlighl Exp. 
ClyiuU-ttounu 1 01828 1678. 
M 4HW rredll cards 
5EATFMDER5 Any ei ml I nr lb 
MK.C tavenl Cdn. Starlight EXP. 
Gh-ndetxjunic 01829 1678. 
MJKW rr edit card*. 

mrk MUrmvABorn etc we bear 
any pnre AKS 0952 784128 
CATS. CHESS. Les MB All the- 
Jlrr and ypnrl Tel 631 5719. 
hJ7 1715 All nulor crrdli cds 
elr Can you buy rlwtprrT B A 
S Lid fl| 32«s |947/B4«e 
stir Beaiuiful rimdinon Tel 
Oel 223 «W1 Obi 251 0786. 



a - 0- ,‘ [- c- i>a Zirrrd 



and ch oose Irani h undred s of 
uenghi and grand panes for 
uie o> hne tram only C16 pm. 

Albany SL NW1 
01 S3S 8682 
AftOery Place, SE18 
01 SSL *517 




Wotfl mn Betters from £3 95 per 
SO yd + WT wool Heavy 
Domestic WNlon S13 85 wr sq yd 
t-VAT CmtaBttasi Wes £8.75 per 
W vd + VAT & many otte great 

207 Har cnto sfi Hffl. 

_ Hampstead SW6 
Tel: 01-794 0139 

Free eSBmites-£xpert nfog. 



r nun nr-., aninuh. etc . want 
,<d Ol WU OOZ4 



wot# you Ake an oppor- 
tunity to sen your peturas 

«i a London gatery’ We re 
commercial sponsors 
lookmg for professional 
artists tor a short mixed 
Christmas Show. 

Reply to BOX D90 


Together we can beat it 

VW fund our one third of 
dll rtMMich into ihe prenai- 
non jnd cure dcJiKtr in 
titer UK 

Helfwsbj svndingadoiw- 
liort or makf i Itguy to 




, 2 l”xrln ii Hunvr TI i rai II 
ilDf|i TT4® 1 1 iinduii Stt rt' ? *R 



■ fpsn 



war — 1 «4— Mfc 






Oran* rtMWM on over 
10 0 new & restored mstru- 
mente. LnnuiUrd after sales 
service Five catalogue. 50* 
Hrangafe- Rd. NWS. 01267 
7671 Free cafaiopue 


RARE Boot lets Dm Flandres 
PPpptvs ewrifont onttgree. KC 
regtsMVtf. 05292a 633. 


CrnmolsPeur tauored to your 
nwasnrementa and choice of 
style I mm superb fabrics. 

Seymour Shirts. Freepost Deal 
GZ. Bradford BO! I HR 


Superb x lews over Rashs. AvuB 
2 maths from Aug 8. 2 beds. aH 
cons; ptano. packing, etc. £170 
pw Tet: 01 549 3314. 

HOLIDAY FLATS 6 houses avafr 
aob. £200 £5.O00pw>. ReBWn M 
Service. 01-468 5680 or 0836- 
592824 anytime rr>. 

KENSINGTON WM- 2/3 month 
let. Lux 2 dbie bed fumbhed 
balcony flat. £190 dw. Avail 
now. l ei Ol -408 2366 x 282 

. Kensington, cm T v 24 hr Sw 
Bd. rrtex CoUngham Arts. 01- 
373 6306 

serviced 2 Bed apartment. 
Prime toraUan not to Rvk. 01- 

- 373 6306 T). 

SUPERB, unfurnished, luxury 
Rai tor company let in SWA. 
Rent. £SOpw. Apply: Ol 402 
8566 m 

mural London from £320 pw. 
Ring Town Hue AMs 573 3433 


DULWICH 12 rains VM. 

24+ m/F share mixed hse.i. . 
£42 exc pw. TM 01 670 7049 

FULHAM SWfc prof. m/f. o/r. 
lux equip hie. gdn. ch. 
w/mach/ dlstiw £50 pw. Tel 
01570 0256 idayL 01-731 
3190 tev Ml 

FLATMATES Selective Sharing. 
Wed ettab Introductory service. 

. Pbe M for tipper 01889 5491. 

313 BramMon Road, 8W3 
M 36+ O/R in 2 bed flat. Rar- 
Ual Oatanare. E5DO pen Vnd. 
Tel: 01-730 7117 idaynnm. 
SW5. fbgf person to share balco- 
ny flat. O/R- Neveni Square -5 
nuns Tube- £46 pw Tel: Ol- 
373 S1O0 eves. 

shoos. qoieL friendly, mixed 
rial. prof. M/F. li/s Ige o/r 
£55 pw bid- 01 794 5789. 
CLAPHAM - Opp common, prof 
m/f. n/s Sure mod rtaL o/r. 
£185 pem ex cl. 01 673 6473. 

. O/R waooe lae. £160 pan 
excl. TeL 01-673 6416..- 
EU 20 mins chy. Ml amemHes. 
o/r. co mfo rtable hre£32JOpw 
excl. 01 B58 2167 aft 6pm. 
posite lube. From £36 pw me 
heating. HW. Tel: 01-444 7191 
FULHAM - M 26+ lo share house 
with owner. £2i6pcm excL 
Tel: 381 6073 tafler 8pm) 
little VENICE. Young prof F 
N/s 100ft gdn. Nr tubes. 
£60nw MU: Ol 723 1508 
SWB Prof l o/r lux Im. gttnxh. 

. XI 68 pcmjptns bus. 730 f02l" 

SW1S. dbie rm to lei in Rr bourn, 
stir K&B. £66pw Loci. Ring: 01 
78V 9845 -after 630 pro 
Wl> Room tn flat use of kit & 
bath. £200 pern- now until Jan 
87 0428 736991 




































2 08MUN SIRS!. LOfBSa W1 
Trt *U33 3521/ 


Nairobi. Jo“Btirg, Cairo. Dubai, 
Istanbul Singaierc. KL. Ddhi 
Bangkok. Hitt Kong, Sydney, 
Europe, & The Americas. 

Flamingo Travel, 

76 Shaftesbury Arenac 
London WlV 7DG. 

01-439 0102 

Open Sahadsy I0JD0-I3M 

COSTCimENS ON niglus-hals 
lo Europe. USA * mow destbu- 
lionv. Diplomat Travel: 01-750 
220 1 - AHTA IATA ATOL. 

CHEAP FUCHTS Europe Worto- 
widp Cm-Cdoe Travel: ABTA 
01 -859 6055. Rlirg Angie 

Benz Travel. Tel Ol 38S 64|a 

01-454 0734 Jupiter Travel 

CooliaMMloa page-21 


w * Tremendous value. Su- 
perb I Bed nitty serviced flat 
top hotel calinro. 3 wu nun. 
TV Aylesford i Go 351 2383. 

erv exMlciH mod convereton. 2 
Ige dbie beds wah b aihrms en 
vtile Lge recep with sunny ler 
race Fll hit ■ an roartuneo. 
Tremrodous value at £300 pw 
«>3& <*512 IT). 

8R 04SRT0N RANK BWSi luxury 
4m hoar. 2 oed. s tu learned 
Hat. overlooking private 2 ms 
pari. Gym. Mima. -MUrlum. 
pool Pm parking. £195 pw 
Inc Tel 01-874 1050 
BROOK GREEN W14 Sunny qu- 
el iim nr lube- buses, vhoja. 
Pleasant view: 2 double beds. 2 
oaths, tilled kJL laundry Mod- 
ern decor Free parkma. £160 
p w Tel Ol 002 6107 
KEW Enchant mg 9<hi rial recenl- 
ly decora led i tied room, recep 
rm. hSlv lined kd AvatbUc 
Now ideal for balMu person 
seeking base out of town. £160 
pw. 244 7555. 

tuvp quality properly to m tell 
in about il We offer a prate*, 
stonal and rgUaMe service. 
OuranM Conslanttne 

Telephone: 01 244 7363 
LEESEU. lOnWHBR 20 mins 
Id Centre! London. Mod 2 
bed/ oomed turntshed flat to M. 
CH. Cdrag>*- Suits protemona] 
Persons uon-vnwkm. £32000 
prcn Tel- 01-892 3371 IT) 
Bed 1st door ant- Lgc ikon, 
bnun Kii L Mod Bath. Pretty 
Ruof Ten. Newly tier 6 cow. 
naUN cokrurs- CSOOpw 
Ben rum A Rrrsre 938 5532. 
BAKER ST: Suburb 5 yrsokJ turn 
hso. d beds. £ bath H msuliri, 
tout iqe/di nee. ui/bkfci. Ggr. 
Raiio/gdn, GCH £575 p.w. Ol 
847 2641 / 291-8276 
■ROOK GREEN WG: Newly dec 
gdn fiat i bed- 1 recep. m 
and utility rm. Soil couple 
£120 0/W Rlnq 01-606-6677 
*5200 'day: 602 7359 level 
bed. 2 bath ttee Oft Common: 2 
mins tube EvefTthing. new 
Long Co Ut. Avail now. £226 
pw Buciunam: 351 7767 
CLOfRMKL RD. MS, rninurn- 
Mc- 1st floor nau i bed. 1 
reeepl. kurheri 4 hah room 
Cl iSow. Long hh. Henicyv 01 
736 0089. 

bent oomrd house- 6 months ■ l 
year .Good schools- family 
■pretiered £260 ner weeft. No 
agvtnv Rcpte- u» BOX OSs 

Marsh & Parsons 


Exceptionally spadous unfumi$M to>nV house provkling 3 
good seed todnns. In dbie retention mth conscrvaory. tbranfl 
rm. Wty ltd lachea 2 bates. 1 star rm Lge pnvats garden B 
the rear. ArataUe now fcr long Co lets. ESSO pw neg 


Spa cwus ai^ saia ma te bean nn»Brted to pro*^ 
tert rcsdertal accommodation. The min room is fumtshtd to a 
high standard with steps ieadeig to a gateed Ale bed. There s 
also a separate Mete & fcatvm, and privae patio to the front of 
Ibe bonding. AvadaUe now tor long CO Ms. £150 pw. 

01-221 3335 



Magnificent 2 beef, 2 bath apartment To 
Let. Beautifully furnished with 
airconditioning, total security and direct 
access to all hotel services. 

Phone Mr Finn at 01-992 5647 

□ Sturgis 

■QO W M SQ8ML D.14. 

htnac tmtara hdosTS DHL 2 
raap. 2b Mb H 8 aWy rm. 
Pgto. pgg. fled Sett- Imp Q) bt 
EB75 p.w. 

BBStOW 86MBK, SJL7. S&n- 
nag tu wth end aeoss to 
Odens. BMftA Wf fun 6 intanr 
(taped. 3 tail. Ah recep. 2 
ta*LMy imred M. Long Co 
IH- £650 p.w. 

nam n, U3. wdmbm 

spaoaus umd flr a auerfaakng 
Mty grins. Band mm ton tbi 
2 due bah. les Ah rnn. bob. 
Fi rib eq H Pii H M to M. Long Ob hi 
5300 pjv 

■UTtnt puce, uu Pretty 
in in fw m Sc catt 

bednn. bethrm. Fifty & 

Long Os M. rm gx. 

Mr O iri s ri M or Mr WWh 

8MM 7441 

MM SsnSf,^ 



GOLDBtS GREBL Vmy attract 
hse. Close sMopno centra. 4 
bBdnns. 2 bams. 3 retap Saper 
M. DWegqe. Gdas. £325 pw. 
XBlSHKTnL Beaut xt 
o'taokmg sa - kwely period hse. 
2 batons, shunt recep. k ft b. 
Ine ttnacLffiS m ‘ 
CtAPHMf. Pupuhr area. 2 
baton apt 3 recep. rood - tot 
gdn. 3 mas tahtTB^Tpif. 
MHSWai HUL New pndyrot 

Fantastic vmrs. Dtiie Mrirrn. Jge 
recep. kix tat 5 bath. £100 pw 
01-499 5334 

For the best 
rental selection of 

" quality 

in priirie London areas 
Z7BEarisCmn And SWS 

KE NS ING T ON - FUBy fbmMwd 
new house, uvtng room with 
mmne area. brgr 
sludlo/bMtroam. 3 oiher bed- 
- rogtns. aiMM hro t m ra.asCT«wle 
wCs. kitchen, garage and roof 
garden- £900 e*r week, compa- 
ny W or overseas visitors. Tel : 
Ol 876 8616 

sonsHy Insnecfed furnished A 
imUirmsiM properties In a 
Johns Wood & Regents Park 
available lor long Company 
Ms. To view these dm proper- 
ties tail Jo n o to an Kern or 
• Nicky West on 734 3160. 

NR 8UMNE SQUARE Sunny isf 
floor pled a te n c la portend ' 
.Mock. Easy reach Soane 
Sana re A Kmahtsbridoe- Recep. 
Smau K1L me dm. Bam. 
ClSOnw Uic CH/CHW. Gootes 
828 8251. 

COVENT GARDEN or tube, super 
Brand new Htate decoraieo 1 
DM llai m Hock with porterage. 
KH ■ aO macrunes. Co tong let 
£250 pw Goddard ft Smith Ol- 
950 7321 

SW1. Charming spadont 
turn bed rial to 




pemered Mxk. 1/2 rec*ps.-<ll 
tot + all a ppli a n c es , baib. sen 
rtoak. £225 pw mcJ CHW Tel 
F W Capo: 01-221 8838 IT). 

tManagemcnt Scr 
vicevi ud require ixu perttes m 
cenlrai south and west London 
areas for watting appticaats-Ol ■ 
221 8838. 

4 Stunning to- 

nal to Earls 

tenor desi gn Ws 

Court Road. 2 dbie betirms. t2 

"en suire tiatnrmsL tmmaruJalcty 

decorated and (nmMved. Mud 

-Be seen - AvaUable NOW £260 

pw. 344 7365. 

FULHAM Prof m/t. to Share lux 
house m private estate. Elxcev 
tent faolttes. Own room. etc. 
Just Off ktlMO Rd. £250 PCM 
736 9801 after 7.30 pm 

MAIDA VALE. Ejoc modern con- 
version m Church. Ortgmai 
arvties and stain glass windows. 

1 bedroom, reception, k 6 b 
£125 pw 93S 9612 T 

Bates a Company have a large 
selection of flats 6 houses avail- 
able lor l week + (ram £ 200 pw 
499 1665. 

WS1 Character 2 bed na» m bum 
square Lge L/O. Bath. KH fowl 
+ use of WM. Lovely patio. 
.LlBOpw. Bennam « Reeves. 
938 3S22. 

WC1 Elegant In floor flat 
vftooWag gdmk Due Bedroom. 
Lux Ub CH ReH estentiat. 
CIOO pw. Tel Z78 7011 or 
0622 842256. 

WCt Well equipped StodM HU. 
Suit 1 person. Perfect pwd el 
terre. Cleaner Inch Refs <wn- 
lial £86 pw. TH 278 7011 or 
0622 842256 

" WimaJODON new tux dbie Mnn - 
itai. Ch. macirinr. toft 
. tMy/Mnn. X recep. nr lobe. 
Rets required. £llO pw 
Ottershaw 3340 after 8 
WIMBLEDON: 3 dM Beds. 2 
baths, recep A dining. 
kHz lounge. Fully carpeted, gch. 
gdn. Suitable for tuotomats and 
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AMERICAN BANK urgently re 
outm luxury flats and houses 
from £200 - £ 1.000 pw. Rum 
B urets* Erne Agents 5fli 61-36 
AVAILABLE HOW Luxury Dais & 
hou»r» CMbra. Kmuhtsoridgc-. 
Beforavu. £ 200 -£ 2 > AXWdw 
T el: Burgess 581 6156 

BAM Debqhifui. spacious 3 bed 
family rial in tdytth Mraiion 
close Mi river /park. Full lined 
kit. Furnuhed to a Myh stan- 
dard lO nuns RKhraand Town . 
Cm [re Go Let. £200 pw 204 

lux flab, houses:: £300 £1000 
p.w Lsuu fen reo. Ptmuro 
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FULNAM SWC Fantastic 2 Bedrm 
flat in new devetopmoiL 
balhrm and sbbwgr rm- open 
Man lounge. American uicneo. 
beautiful landscape gdn- Mum 
be seen Available Now £136 
' pw CO Let. 244 7383- 


cer a mm, .family me m 
(OHM toews.' 4 bed ftW. «*■ 
tun rm. dmma rm- •ven-equtpd 
kit. ptavrm. 3 oatnems- avail 
now long co ret £47S pw Peg 
Ms^+ns Ol Ml PPM* 

PHUca, siii 

^wMcMarron ftxnisJMd tomv 

bouse Btttti ma bs NmetL 2 

taejoons. W. LfcBy Rm. 4 

OMe Be drooms. 2 Badnoms. 

Brora Win Cetor TSSi 


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1U set nsubstanttu btadc Fh- 

OBMH) Bm. tt. 2 Beds. Bath. 

Si35sw toffldBi. porferage t> 


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Thy Lolling \ccni 

') Heath Street 
Hampstead Vitlaae NW‘ 

Tel: 794 1 125 ■ 

E Plaza Estates 

pra studio Rat in sxcsNent 
brand im- conwto on wMi 
Icwdy terrace. Studio rm, shwr 
tm. fe. Mt & mw. C 1 TO pw 
attractive & sunny Bti dr M 
with SfL 2 mow from Hanodf. 
2 beds. bato. rocapftttna Wt 
A balcony. £325 pw 

l 01-581 

7648 | 


| CTr*724 319C 

01-5817546 | 


Perks' town house with ! 
sma( garden. Recaption 
room, gas log flne, Hpimi 
dining room. 3 bedroom s . 

bathroom, cloakroom. Co. 

loase. £295 per week. 
faB to d ta i OKIcd: 
I-W7 7244 


&pert> tom horae on 4 tin 
cnntpm n p 4 bwto ns . 3 
receptions. 3 nthnms + dtora 
Preams kdeben mtb ortty 

martiiw + saun & games im. 
FrontNd to Mgtet stntanL 


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Johns Wood. An exce ll ent new- 
ly refurbished 2 Bedroom ftaL 
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724 316a 

bed Dai on 3rd floor with Wl 
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£160 pw GoddaTO A SolUi Ol- 
930 7301 

SOUTH LODGE. St Johns Wood. 
' Spectacular views- Interior de- 
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C HE LSEA flat. Lge tight SUB no 
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river. Eiaopw. Ol 502 2677 

HAMPSTEAD Nr Heath. Lux turn 
flat 2 bedims. Ige lounge, dbting 
area. Gauntry kuchnn. CH. MW 
1 year. £296 pw. 794 8789 


from mooso-ooopw. Personal 
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692824 anytime m. 

£HOpw Ol 289 5819 (Even 1 
year M. no sharing. 

SOOTH KEMSMGTfM. 2 bed hn 
fully funuahed flaL £300gw 
Landon 4i Pins: Ol 930 0835 

WANTED superior propernea for 
tony /Short Co lets. 0L-4S8 5680 
or 0836 692824 anytime rr). 

don. FornteMe Props Ltd. Ol 
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HENHStNOTON WS Recep. bed. 
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MAYFAIR- OH curaoo SL attrac- 
tive t bed flaL funy furnished 
and equipped, tom let. C178 
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most luxurious Mna/short let 
apt*- Iwk/iyr. 1/8 beds. Best 
prices. W.T. P Ol 956 9812- 
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tilling* A macro £3lOpw. Atm 
1 bed torn bale tfcn Ciaonve. Co 
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M7 8681 The number to remem- 
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properties in reo Inti and prime 
London areas ClGO/£2BOOOpw. 
W14 M/F. 2S-4Q, Own dbi rm in 
lux newly com rtaL snare with 
1 Other £260 PCM etd Ol 586 

WMBCLDON Prof person 26+ 
n/s. lo snare bouse, o/r. Ot. 
Garden £1 50 PCM mm. Ol 540 - 
6687 after 6pm 

ACADEMICS Vtsnwo. FWf or 
Lnivendy 4- Bm Museum. Tel 
Hrten Watson 6 Co. 6808376. • 
nin Iff Immar lux IUL baton- 
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£195 pw- Long let 622 6826. 
rULHAM RD. SWC. Super f dbie 
bedrmdtlai Kabitai turn. £120 
pw. WiWanb & Son 947 3130 . 
G0UM9K5 GREEN 3 Bedroom 
House caoopw. NMH Holder 
883 5255. 

bed. ittx ftM 10 Nt. 6-12 mthf- 
£168 PW. Tel. 01 458 0764 
Week 10 5 Mon tin from £300 to • 
£3£00 pw 01 937 9681. 
KEMSmGTOM. £158 pw. EXTOL 
tent fpanous well rurntshed 2 
bed garden flaL 603 9466. 
mOHTS HHf PQE l B w gMMl 
Mfm nous* 2 OU beds. 
£273pw. 01 684-7350 
RUMDA vale w» smer 2 bd gun 
flaL Rerep. KLB. Co let. Avan 
10 AUG CldOpw. 286 4866 
Mayfair. Small bur very 
neautful studw rial. £178 F* 
tnc cleaner 93B 2781 fTJ. 
Mlt cPRdonaWc modem ton 
1 bed ftM- Nr tube. £360 pm. 
Ideal 1 or roupte. Tel 688 054* 
SW3. 2 bed 2 bain well fum flat 
off Kino* Rd. Exceptional vMbf- 
£200 pw 730 5456 ITJ- 
Wl GW fS f. For ige dm nn in 
spacwv* Ibt C3SPW cadi. 
EMI. 580 0141 eve* 

W AF F BIG. Lux 1 Deo fum flat tn 
riverside warehouse conver- 
sion £165 pw. 01-481 9199. 
Contact Rvcturd or Mick. Omn 
VfEMfv ft m An? 7*111 

Law Report August 4 1 986 

When containers 
are damaged 


M/S Aswan Engineering 

Establishment Co v Lapdine 

Ltd sDd Others 

Before Lord Justice Fox, Lord 

Justice Uoyd and Lord Justice 


(Judgment given July 16] 

The manufeciurers of plastic 
! containers were not in breach of 
j their duty in either contract or 
[ tort when the containers were 
damaged and their contents 
1 were lost. 

The Court of Appeal, in a 
reserved jud g ment, dismissed 
{appeals by M/S Aswan Eif- 

( gineering Establishment Co, the 

Jlaintim, mid Lupdine Ltd, the 
irst defendants, from a decision 
of Mr Justice Neill in favour of 
I the manufacturers, Thurgar 
BoDe Lid, who were the second 
defendants in ibe action. 

Mr Richard Aikens. QC for 

Aswan and Lupdine; Mr A. W. 
Stevenson and Mr Steven Coles 
for Thurgar BoUe. 

said that the facts had given rise 
to two difficult questions of law. 
The fim, on which there was 
said to be no authority, was the 
meaning of “merchantable 
quality” as now defined by 
section 14(6) of the Sale of 
Goods Act 1979. That question 
arose in third-party proceedings 
between Lapdine and Thmgar 

The second question con- 
cerned the scope of the 
manufacturers duty in ton. 
That question arose between 
Thurgar BoDe and Aswan. As so 
often happened, the second 
question only arose because the 
plaintiffs primary remedy in 
contract was not available, or 
rather, was unlikely to prove, 
fruitful, for Lupdine. the inter- 
mediate sellers, were now in 

Lupdine had been manufac- 
turers of a waterproofing com- 
pound known as LupguanL 
Aswan were a construction com- 
pany carrying on business in 
Kuwait. They bought about 
35,100kg of Lupguard for ship- 
ment to Kuwait 
The Lupguard! was packed in 
[ plastic pails manufactured and 
~ Bolle. Each 
J pall held about 25kg. The pads 
[were stacked five or six high in 
I containers and shipped. 

When the containers arrived 
they were left standing on the 
quayside in full sunshine: As a 
result the temperature inside the 
containers reached 70 degrees 
Centigrade (158 degrees Fahr- 
enheit), the plastic pails col- 
‘ ipsed and there was a total loss 
f the Lupguard. 

Aswan brought a ctaim 
against Lupdine. Lupdine 
brought in Thurgar Bolle as 
third parties. Aswan then 
amended their daim so as to 
join Thurgar Bolle as second 

The judge held that Aswan 
were entitled to succeed «e»wi« 
Lupdine in contract. Damages 
wtere agreed at £1MMU1. r. - 
Bui he^ dismissed Lupdine's 
daim against Thurgar BoDe. He 
bdd that the pads were of 
merchantable quality within the 
meaning of section 14(6) of the 
1979 Act. He held further that 
there was no express or implied 1 
term that they were to be fit for 
the journey to Kuwait. 

As for Aswan's daim against .. 
Thurgar Bolle, he held that 
Aswan had failed to show die 
requisite degree of proximity so 
as to give rise to the relevant 
duty of care. Accordingly, he 
dismissed Aswan's claim 
against Thurgar BoUe. 

Mr Aikens accepted that if the 
case was one of pure economic 
loss then Aswan could not 
recover the damages from 
Thurgar BoUe because of the 
decision in Muirhead v Indus- 
trial Tank Specialities Ltd 
(I198S] 3 WLR 993). 

He said that the case was not 
one of pure economic loss. 
Aswan had suffered physical 
! damage to their goods, namely 
the Lupguard which they had 
lost, by reason of the negligence 
of Thurgar BoDe in manufac- 
turing the pails. That, be said, 
brought the case within the 
ordinary principles established 
by Donoghue v Stephenson 
« 1 932] AC 562). 

On Lupdine's appeal, since 
the judge found that the pails 
were of merchantable quality, 
there was no breach of the 
condition to be implied by 
virtue of section 14(2) of the 
1979 Act. He also found, in- 
ferentially, that no particular 
purpose was made known to .. 
I Thurgar Bolle so as to give rise 
to liability under section 14(3) 
of the Act Mr Aikens attacked 
, both findings. 

The judge's conclusion would 
have been unassailable on the 
law as it stood before the Supply 
of Goods (Implied Terms) Act 
I' 1973. But Mr Aikens submitted 
that the position had been * 
changed, by the definition of 
“merchantable quality” in- 
troduced by the 1973 Act and 
now contained in section 14(6) 
of the 1979 AdC 
**Goods of any kind are of 
merchantable quality within the 
meaning of subsection (2) above 
if they are as fit for the purpose 
or purposes for which goods of 
that kind are commonly bought 
as it is reasonable to expect 
having regard to any description 
applied to them, the price (if 
relevant) and ah the other 
relevant circumstances." 

Mr Aikens submitted that 
goods were not merchantable 

unless they were as fit as it was 
reasonable to expect for all the 
purposes for which those goods 
were commonly bought U was 
no longer sufficient that they 
should be fit for one such 

His Lordship said that since 
the definition presupposed that 
grads of any one kind might be 
sold under more than one 
description, it followed, that the 
definition had of necessity to 
refer to more than one purpose. 
That was the true and sufficient 
explanation for the reference to 
purposes in the pluraL ' 

It would be wrong to infer 
from the use of the phrase 
“purpose or purposes" that 
Parliament intended any soch 
far-reaching change in the law as 
that for which Mr Aikens con- 

On section 14(3). the judge 
concluded that the case was not 
one where any special 
characteristics bad been made 
known to Thurgar BoUe in 
circumstances which stowed 
that Lupdine relied on their skill 
and judgment. 

In his Lordship’s judgment 
tlk. circumstances showed pos- 
itively that Lupdine did not ndy 
on the sellers' skill or judgment 
in any relevant sense. Therefore 
there could be no question of an 
implied condition under section 

Lupdine's appeal in the third- 
party proceedings would be 

On Aswan's appeal, it was 

S ed that the pails were not 
defective in a contractual 
sense, in other words un- 
merchantable or unfit for the 
particular p u roose made known 
to the manufacturers, bat also 
dangerous in a tortious sense: 

Mr Aiken argued that Aswan 
suffered physical loss or damage 
and since that should have been 
foreseen, Aswan could recover 
on the principle stated in 
Donoghue v Stevenson, namely, 
the manufacturer's duty of care 
not to put into circulation 
products which were liable to 
cause foreseeable damage to 

person or p roperty- 
There was a distinction be- 
tween a defective product which 
rendered the product itself less 
valuable and a defective product 
which created a danger to other 
property of the plaintiff 
Where the defect rendered ihe 
product less valuable, the 
plaintiff’s remedy, if any, lay in 
contract. Where it created a 
danger to other property of the I 
plaintiff the remedy lay in tort, I 
although it might also lie in 
contract. • . 

In the peat majority of cases, 
the question whether the danger 
created was danger to other 
properly of the plaintiff admit- 
ted of an obvious answer. The 
peculiarity of the present case 
was that the position was not so 

If Aswan had bought empty 
pails from a third party and .then 
used the pads for exportmg^fhie 
Lupguard/ there would hay*' 
been damage to other property 
of Aswan. Bur the property in 
the pails and the property in the 
Lupguard passed to them 
simultaneously. It was artificial 
to think of the property in the 
pails passing at alL Aswan were 
buying Lupguard in pails. 

Questions such as those were 
'not easy. There was little 
authority on the point ip. En^ 
gland, compared to . America 
where the law as to product 
liability was more highly devel- 

His Lordship's provisional 
view was that in all such cases 
there was damage to other 
property of the plaintiff; so that 
the -threshold of liability was 
crossed. Whether liability would 
be established in any particular 
case was another matter. 

So, although the purchase of 
the pads was only inddental to 
the purchase of the Lupguard, 
the case would not be decided in 
favour of Thurgar BoUe on that 

On foreseeability. In one 
sense almost anything could be 
foreseen. But that was not the 
test. The question was not 
whether the consequence was of 

atype which was foreseeable but 
whether it was of a type which 
was reasonably foreseeable; The 
scope of the manufacturer's 
duty of care did not extend 

Selectors between 
the devil and 
the deep blue sea 



- % 





' i i** 



With 22 of the 51 st arters 
displaying prudence or damage 
in retiring from this years 
Channel Race, the 2UMnile 

triangular course from Ccwcs to 
Cherbourg and beds via Brigh- 
ton. proved a triumph for the 
two Dutch yachts, Jerry Jedofs 
Caiman and Peter Vroon's 


The race, which began on 
Friday night with a beat across 
the Channel into the teeth of a 

35-knot westerly gale, and ended 

in a whimper yesterday morn- 
ing, was also a success for 
Robert Bottomley’s Three-quar- 
ter Ton Cup contender. Decosol 
Car Care, which finished fourth 
overall, one and a half hours 
ahead of his nearest challenger. 
Smokey Bear, in this the final 
trial to select -the !0 British 
places for the Three-quarter Ton 
world championship to be hdd 
off Torbay later tins month. 

There were no doubts last 
night about Decosol's place m 
the team tot with three other 
trialists failing to start, and six 

By Barry Pickthall 

Caiman was first out through 
the Needles channel on Friday 
night but a navigational mix-up 
off Cherbourg, had this Dutch 
crew sailing seven mites past the 
turning mark and the time lost 
gave Formidable a 20-mmuic 
advantage at the stan of the 90- 
mile run to Brighton. 

With winds still Mowing hand. 

.• .in 
■ ’Vk 


_ i-X* 

it proved an exciting passage, ■ **«« 

and Caiman, averaging.. 8-S. . lV 
knots, pulled badctigit unnutes 
on her smaller Dutch rival ■ 
before moving ahead on the . 
final leg back towards the 
Solent . . _ . 

The race was won m the final 
10 miles, however, for while the 
lower-rated Formidable 
rounded the Nab Tower less 
than five minutes behind Cai- 
man, the leader caught the last 
of the wind and tide to cross the 
Gilkicker finish off Portsmouth 
half an hour ahead to take line" 
and handicap honours. 

Martin Gibson's Pocket 
Battleship, one of those to retire 
early from the Channel race, was 

reti ring early, the selectors, wbo the victor yesterday in the wet 

announce their choice this and wi x :-.u.c-t-.c- 


morning, were faced Last 

with the dil emma of d 
rewarding those trialists at the 
back of the fleet who have 
persevered in every race, or 
gamble bn- boats that have 
sparkled in the short offshore 

vindy race in the Solent for 
ifazebrook Challenge Cup, 

the GL 

beating Fair Lady, chartered this 
week ’ by Ernest Jeur, by a 
minute on corrected tirae,.with. 

Local Hero IV, the Queen “s Cup 
overall winner on Saturday, 

finishing third. Prince Philip; 

races but failed the offshore sailing this week with the former 
tests. King Constantine of Greece 

One m particular is Graham aboard Owen Aisher’s Yeoman 
Walker's Andrieu-designed XXVI, finished the day eighth 
Indulgence, winner of four of on corrected time, 
the sax Olympic races which The South African entered 
failed to appear for the short Three Spears, skippered by E 
offshore trial last weekend ow- Byrne, headed Class II for. the . _ ^ 
ing to lade of a crew, and was second day running, with a 
prevented from entering this nunute lead over Wfaj te Gold ill'- 
**’ (A.. Milter), followed by 





•‘4-3 ’ 

• ■ 

. rd 

- rid 

fi .in 

last race because, the boat did 
not have a valid rating 

RESULTS: Ovarii: 1. Canton (G Jeetot. 
Noth). 31 hr Slniin 49sec. daw I a It 1. 
Camera 2. Fonntdabto (P Vroora 
3217.56; 3. Coroplracy (L81«Xi 
Partners}. 344li3aKS. Cta» Hfc 1. 
Jacobite (S James). 36.1003; 2. Zara (D 
Barham). 37-25^5:3 

Dutch entry. Matfas, in third 

37.31.49. Ctow IV (Open Division): 1. 

Docosd Car Cara IR Bottomtey). 
35.46.31 secs. Ct»s rift 1. Nuago (SAD 
Benasft. 36.44.1 0; Z Excaftur fFbumont 
Franoair Channel Hamficqp: I.Btora 

:s s 


’2SJ5&&. Stefan (H Keetatg), 


SATURDAY (wfaneral: Ctan 3: 1 , Local 
Here H (R Beates). C&» 3s 1. Cateh 
Mmby). 0888 Sc 1 . Barracuda al Tarrant 
(R fiste). Ctaaa 6: 1. Bluet (A BAM- dm 
7: 1, Caftan (R WattaraL S o n ata Oau: 1. 

- ! Egfin). sratk 1. Peter Baker 

:1. Super Kipper 

1, smouetto (R 

South Coast One Dcal^e 1, P Baker (A 
Darings 1. Loup Gttrou H (J 
ix 1. Wvp Ftactor Raymond 
D JR fiekfer). Contoaaa 32: 1. Chamelaon 
ft. Inpalaa: 1. Burftou (C Kkn). J 

X. Lima Eaton (Muon CoTfagB, 

BNttd-OOO 3* LFfotM Turner). Qu ee ns 
Cue Ctoer-fc l. tocal Here w (G 
Howson). 4hr19irtn47sflc. CtW t 1. 
Three Spears (E Byrne). 42537- Owenl 
winner Local Hero IV. 

YESTHtOAY: J24x 1. Pop in coott VI fC 
R and W jgrogdan fc 2. Utfe Eagto (Atglon 

MJlBwtn). SnwetB; VrtSagy BifiSgS 
j A Egflnk 2. AnemiougM (w F and Mrs 
JacoOs), 3, Tiger ftayS S ' 
2, Pen ftta 


TC Street). ElctMiKl. Vixen (FMO'NaBfc 
Shama (M ScNcki); 3. Temerity (CD 

cal S u ft e nro l. Romany (KmdHwdF 

and Mrs C WaDwr)- Sqote: 1. Sautai (Cdr 


. Victory J. Zest (K and S 
2. Janet (Mre J E Dee and J T 

3. SMrwater (M B and I Mea “ 

S^ sw raV Aorknony 

Rotaknonk 2. RMf) R Tunwl: a, Nazca A 


QeervtonBl (Mtogr A Ds Cofley). tapatax 
1. bnprassianff’ A Oaronc-Smttti); 2. 
Kude (A N and C W CojP; 3. BurhoufCS 
King). South Coast Ora Design: 1. 
Mandria (S G Uwd): Z. Mister JintoeVr V 
Robinson): & Guoneta (R J Hart tool. 
Flying fmeera: 1. Fbrraaer (PCoryn): z. 
Feefing Frisky (D J Leesek 3. Braen Bean 




Kknpion and M 
Derrtng Do-jC l , 

ftABtortt 2. Darius (CC Cera and TM 
Pan): iAudax (P T Romar-Lea). Drag- 
on: 1. Pufl (l MacOonaW and AJ Hobtest 
Z Jerboa II (P Dyas and D F Biddle): A 
Asterisk (P 0 Ltowh Saratov* 1, Arction 

S EFaftnarand J LVemonfcZ. Mistral (Sir 
Bkxart and A C OonaWson); % 
Boomerang U J Buckwea and J G 
Prungy). HadMun: 1. Redstart (J and 
Mrs Jwwon): 2. CapeBa flgr and Mrs 


i Andreas).' 

. Byrne); Z WhftB Gold M (A F 
&j< .: (P duJ<QrU. Ctaaa i t. - 

Local Hare ll fR J Beato); 2. More Havoc ' • 
(GM Harris 3. Skhoo(H J McOonald).. * -j 
tor 4c i, c«cti (W J Alanby); 2. Pw . 
Presto (M DuSuc and FBedto. Rasies): 3, •; 
DtamondtO and Mrs Sanders). Cta» 5: 1 , 

Pastova II (F G Walter): 2, Nwfttoto (G ; 
Grosk3. Tafemai (C Jacobs), (was 8: 1. / 

Deflrun (0 J Guy and J A Tarry); 2. Anna * 
Louise IV(RPMorrte): 3, Bluet (A OMoyt i 

Claw 7sl.Jot>ure(HH McLeod and P R - 
DunMey): 2, Bumbte (P Ctugnefl and A R 
■Tampkms); 3. Whisper H (R d Carver and 
MPecktam). . 


Why Fortugno smiles 

By John Watson 

The final of the Cowdray Park 
Challenge Cup was decided at players 
Midhurst, Sussex, yesterday Claire 1 

Backing up by the Los Locos 
s was .as good as ever. 

- -- — Tomlinson (who is to be • j, > 
r? 1 “ victoiy for the raised to a five handfew next ' 
Glouceyishtre leam^ Los Lo- season) and. the AnwSS - •, ^ 
S^J£ nsl *°y** County of Fortt^no formed a hammer- 
” erKsn,re - and-anvil partnership to press 

the Berkshire goalmouth 
remorselessly in the last two 
chukkas (the score having been 
£-5 at the dose of the fourth). 
Fortugno, repeating bis semi- 


The match was played in a 
continuously torrential storm, 
and nearly 24 hours of rain had 
rendered the ground so soft that 
it was soon reduced to the 
appearance of a batdefied so 
that tread ing-in was ordered 
after every two chukkas of this 

t <■ 

r - ^ 




TW hunaies of the celebrated ; 

six-chukka dueL Ahhoogh po-. i _ . . 

nies dialed at every sharp turn hf?^f lab ^ s '^Prizes 


beyond that point. 

Lupguard suffered dam- 
age because the pails were 
stacked six high and left for 
many days reaching tem- 
peratures of 70 degrees, centi- 
grade. -That was not damage 
which was reasonably foresee- 
able. • - - 

Thur^r BoUe were obliged, as 
manufacturers, to exercise 
reasonable care to ensure iimt 
the pails were robust enough to 
withstand the ordinary stresses 
and strains of an export trans- 

But tbe type of damage which 
occurred, and the conditions in 
which it occurred, were al- 
together outride the range ofl 
what was reasonably foreseeable 
and therefore outride the scope 
of their duty of care. To hold 
otherwise on the facts of the 
present case would be to impose 
on the manufacturers a liability 
not far short of. that of an 

Aswan's appeal, too. would be 

Lord Justice Nicholls deliv- 
ered a concurring judgment and J 
Lord Justice Fox agreed: 

Solicitors: luce & Co; Ken- 

a fall, Bryan Morrison, 

Berkshire's patron and No. I, 
whose pony rolled him over in 
the fifth diukka. 

Rugged Los Locos seemed a 
little less put off by the abysmal 
conditions than their oppo- 
nents.. Berkshire, who domi- 
nated both their prriiminarv . • , . . _ _ . ■ 

conasts, failed to coSet^ShS . ; 

as well as previously. Tbefrbea - 

asset was the Colombian. Amo- * ? 

nio Galvan, a back with great 

was ridden by Simon 
Tomlinson, secured the award 
for tbe best heavyweight, and 
seven-year-old Paleface, another 
chestnut mare, who carried 
Gene Fortugno. carried off the 
lightweight honour. 

I (6); 3, C Forsyth (0); trade. A 

1 • ?» 




SESii:?® 0 ” 

Child’s best interests 


Where, on an 

one parent for custody, care : 
control of a child, it appeared 
that the solution which in a few 
'years' lime would be in the best 
interests of -the child might well 
be different -from the solution 
which was best at the timtof the 
hearing, it was wholly in ac- 
cordance with principle, and 
therefore not wrong, for the 
judge to decide the application 
by reference only to what was 
best for the child in the rel- 
atively shon term. 

Lord Justice May. sitting in 
the Court of Appeal with Lord 
Justice Lloyd and Mr Justice 
Holfings on July 31, so stated 
when dismissing an appeal by 
the mother of a minor from an 

order of Bristol County Court 
(Mr Assistant Recorder 
Fauvdie). which on June 9 had 
awarded custody, care and con- 
tra! of the child to the father. 

f4-€ Eav): 3, Astaraid 


1). 3. Estatan 
5J0 1 Wand S«t (5-6 


Newmarket . 

2301. OoUWe csra t 

i0 1. hwitotj Guqst 
net (7-2): 3. i 
N0Rtov8no(B.15 __ 

_ 4*0 t, DM WUoaow f10.ll tauv 9 TOdWon ( 

Newton Abbot 

115 T-. H*»c**» Joy (lt-8 W*fc 2. 

Toro (12-1). 13 

■ c ' ■ - 

(13-8 lav); 3. Algos I 


S .10 -centoart 




,(7-1); .-2, 
3j.Founrait ; 

J 2, Manta 
-Glory Baa 

6 C. 


In South Carolina Insurance 
Co Assurantie Maatschappij 

Pf ZerenProrincien "■ NV and i zao i. Coopts RMT nFmu!- » 

fmtSiSiJS JS; 

C»8 WM 112-1 1 3, e™a’AapMf b 

°° ’■ KKtiSY.^-®ftas 


2J11. JnstAFkitlar 


Lastconiar i 
(4-1). 8 ran. 

7 ran. 

a Market Rasen 

Brand0n - I **> ■ 9 . ™. 1. WM 

Dunomald ( 

Water (9-4 




In News Group Nt 

Lid and Others r Sogt . 

Others. {The Times Aupast -f) 1 ' (iCt); 3,'b^' p£j 

counsel for the sixth defendants, I 4^(^ s&DouU *»oufioo-aotav). 
London centralbrarich of Sogat, 
were madvenentiy -omitted. 

They were Mr Martin Mann. 
QC and Mr Stephen Rubin. 

7 ran. 

430 1-, Altorudq (54): z, MonreStviBh 


i ran, 


■ tuo 1. WMtorar Thu* 

' • •: ..8 5» 







: « 


to the Ripon roar 

Paul Cole can take one step 
nearer his half century of 
winners for the season at 
Ripon this afternoon by 
capturing the R W Armstrong 
Memorial Challenge Cup (4.0) 
with Pochard. At Goodwood 
on Friday Nisnas emphasized 
the continued well-being of 
the Whatcom be team with a 
convincing win in the 
Alycidon Stakes. Pochard can 
carry on the good work by 
defying top weight in the 
feature race on the Yorkshire 

A confirmed front runner. 
Pochard has already enjoyed 
himself twice this season at gaining victories 
when enterprising riding tac- 
tics were employed. And 
around Windsor’s figure-of- 
eight recently the four-year- 
old did well to run Loch 
Seaibil to three-quarters of a 
length, attempting to concede 
181b to Henry Cecil's progres- 
sive lhree-year-oki... . 

Despite Ripon 's five-fur- 
long straight, it$ sharp final 
bend and the ridge-and-ftirrow 
undulations .in the home 
stretch make it particularly 
suitable for those who like to 
bowl along in front. Of 
Pochard’s four opponents. 
Auction Fever, the conqueror 

By Mandarin 

of five Farthings al York, and 
Past Glories would appear to 
pose the chief threats. Past 
Glories did weH to finish 
runner-up to High Tension at 
Ayr but may lack the' pace 'to. 
trouble the selection in the 
closing stages. ‘ 

The day's nap goes on 
Veritable,' who runs intbe 
Children's Day Maiden Slakes 
(2.30). the opening event on 
the North Riding track. Last 
time out the selection was 
only three lengths behind 
Celestial Storm at the New- 
market July meeting. 

The form of this race looks 
cast iron, as. hot only has' 
Celestial Storm finished - a 
dose third to Chinbisdie in 
last Friday's Ex tel. Handicap 
ai Goodwood, but Festival 
City, Boon Point and Reno 
Ralph, who finished down the 
course that afternoon, have all 
won since. The local punters 
are particularly noisy and I 
hope to hear the Ripon roar as 
Veritable proves too good for 
Capricorn .Beau and 

At Wolverhampton's eve- 
ning fixture Jack Berry chal- 
lenges for the Bri-Eden 
Trophy, a race named in 
honour of the Cockeiham 
trainer’s evergreen sprinter. 


Geintr oood tofrin 
Draw; Hft*. tow numbers best 

130 CHILDREN'S DAY MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: £2516: 1m 2f) (11 

4 0 CAPHICOW BEAU (I Atari) l Cimart 9ft PHE jMay I t 

5 OALVE0I PASS (A uwgaB Jimmy FItzgorald 9-0 

2 0 FMAL AMBER (R BratSeyfG Wragg 80— JH J5!EW 1 9 

0-20 (M3 MOONSTRUCK (USA) (C Schirfttfto Ryan 9ft.- — I™""! 

0 TAMATOUH (USW(H H Am Khan) M Stoutfl 9ft KBratt rtB»W 7 

43-02 VERITABLE fYEIfel P HasEm 9ft 7.S5SS52 

CHEROKEE teBaxftC Thornton 811 _ — — fl. 

. ft GOOD MATURED (Exore al toe to»JCOggOT) R Johnson Hoixprton 811 


00040* HTYA BUD (P Qukin) WBenfley 8-11-. — : i ROMMS 

0000 OUB NOORA (ShaVdi Mohammed] F Out 8-11 M«l5 









0000 UUBIKXWAISMWi Monjmnwaji-uwra-ii — - — — - — 

„ 300-03 PLEASBW PROSTCCT (B) (U Col R wantai) M H Easterly 8-1 1 .. M Bta* • 

6-4 Vwftabte. 5-2 Moonstruck. WCaprioom Beau. 8-1 Pleasing Prospect 10-1 
Hya Bud. 14-1 others. 

FORM: CAPRICORN BEAU (84) Btt beaten over 71 to Maftuhed (6-0) 12 ran. York 1m 

* — ■ 44 wiFyiH 1 1 iniTM m m i,.,! >.eu>u.. nr ■ iw fh.. mfnii 

di as tiil iiwm. \~-~i 

7th beaten owr 12 to Chauve Souris t 
PLEASING PROSPECT! 8-3} 3rd beaten 
stks good t o firm July 26. . . 

Setacttac VEWTABUS 

) 8 rarL Vortilin 4t stks'good to 
I to Hawarden (0-8) 4 ran. Newcastle im if 

Ripon Selections ‘ 

By Mandarin 

2.0 VERITABLE (nap). 3.0 Music Delight. 3.30 Hawarden 4.0 
Pochard 430 Norton Mdody. S.O Golden Guilder. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
130 Moonstruck- 3.0 Cry For The Clown. 3.30 Liam- 4.0 Stage 
Hand. 4.30 Blue Symphony. 

• • • '•'• . • . - By. Michael Seely • • v. ; . — 

4.0 PodTianLA^Nortoh Mfetody. " 

with Tady Cara. Despite her 
narrow defeat by Russian 
Winter at Ayr last time out, 
the stable hope has a not 
unjustified reputation for 
. Davill, who spoDt Ms 
chances by stumbling when 
leaving the staHs in. The 
Mechanics Race at Sandown, ; 
was well backed beforehand 
and can now make amends- for 
that lapse from a lenient mark 
in the handicap. Other likely 
scorers on the Staffordshire 
course are Sir Mark Prescott's 
Carlisle winner, African - Sky 
■-(6.0), and Stajfmast, who runs 
in the Threadbare' 
Apprentices-’ stakes (7.30). ' 

Those who do not mind 
taking a short price for their 
money could do worse than 
support Sticky Greene, Barry 
Hills’s Windsor runner-up in 
the concluding Darlaston 
stakes (8.30). 

Visitors to Folkestone’s 
night lark may well see Fulke . 
Johnson Houghton land a 
double by 1 winning, the 8.0 . 
' with Shaflriya and in- the 
Hyihe Maiden Stakes (8.30) 
with Kalandariya. The pre- 
viously unraced Shaikiya 
should have the most to fear 
from Lester Piggott’s Brighton 
fourth, Tangalooma. in the 
two-year-old race. 

I The best bet on the Kent 
course could be Jabaraba, 
unpenalized for a .victory id a 
Chepstow apprentices’ race, 
who makes the long, journey 
from Devon to run in the 
Oaklands Handicap (7.30). 

Saturday’s results, page 22 

Blinkered first time 

FOLKESTONE: 6.30 Thai Sky. IL0 Hailey's 

WOLVERHAMPTON: 640 Lima Brook. 
850 Chart CliniMf. Thuodardome. . 
RIPON: 2.30 Pteask» -Pmooct 3 j 0 
Causeway Fool Start Cownfcg. Misty 
Runner. 40 Stage Hand. 5.0 The Bight - 

• Walter Swinbum, is the A T 
Cross Jockey of the month for 
July, following his Group race 
successes at both the New- 
market July Meeting and Glori- 
ous Goodwood. 

Chris Rutter, is the apprentice 
jockey of the month following 
his fine -run '-of 12; winners in 
July. His total for the season is 


Bolger set to cash 

By Michael Seely 
Jim Botacr, iresh ^ from bis - Club Charity. Trophy from the 

triumph with Park Express m grasp of Steve Camber by 
Saturday’s Vodafone Nassau landing a *>uble on Mailman 
Stakes al Goodwood on Sal- and Isuund Set. The seven-yOT^ 
unlay, repdried Potonia; his: "old Madman, repeating his >984 
crack two-year-old filly, to be in victory in the Racai CnestertieKi 

Cup^ibr 1 Ian Balding, show ed 
tremendous zest as he sprinted 
home two lengthsahead of Rana 

After Eddery has clinched the 
.issue by giving Luca Cumani his 
second winner of the meeting on 
came ngm «».■■» «»■“*“ the Cauiben-bred Island Set in 
a six lengths -vieiory -in -the - the concluding Trundle Handi- 
Railway StakeirarThe Curragi cap. the reigning champion said 
at the end of June; >6be haled resignedly as he staggered back 

the firm ground, at the Royal m_tbe washing room with. Ms 

meeting," said the trainer. "She 
worked really well on Saturday 

I •• „nth lur 

tremendous feltte-for her attack 
on the Heinz 57 Stakes, at 
Phoenix Park next Sunday. 

After losing her unbeaten 
record when only sixth to 
Cutting Blade in the Coventry 
Slakes at Royal Ascot, Potoma 
came right bade to her best. with 

and I'm very pleased with ber. 
The going looks likely to be very 
soft at the Park.” 

saddle: “I’m even breeding win- 
ners for the fellow now." 

While the racing world is still 
waiting confirmation of the 
m ai me rai*. • news that Eddery is to sever his 

Europe’s richest two-year-old connection with Vincent 
race will carry total prize money O’Brien and is to sign a contract 
of Ir£200,000.- eOvctoosly eye- ' to - ride all Khaled Abdulla's 
ing the unpreoedcniedwcahir of horses in Europe in 1987. 
the Irish six-furlong -event-are — Greville Starkey firmly scotched 
lan Balding and CharLie Nelson, the Tumours Thai he will 'either 

Mailman, ridden by Put Eddery (right), getting through at Goodwood on Saturday 

Lead on Time all the way 

3 JO SEE-SAW SELLING STAKES (2-Y-O: £1,505: 6f) (17) 













004221 THE HAGUE (B) (D) (Miss L Sttde*) MBS SSddal 83 
0000 CAUSEWAY RIOT <B)(BF)(BtAnttNT«*ta 8-11- 
CRY FOB THE CLOWN (Mrs JBaMnyM Baft* 8-11 
00 IVrrYMra(MPMH^DA>twilMW(8-11 


FOSSABD Mpbntano RadnoJ M W teWtyB-11 
422334 RUN TO WORK (G Dawes] G M f 

I Moore 8-11. 

START COUNTING M OTooto) K Stone B-11 
' - WELSH FUTE (Mrs S Atom 

; (Mrs S Afcnsonjc Spares 8-11 . 
(Mre J Seed} T Fairtwrct 8-8—... 
ETMfirtttBmfM Bmtan88__;. 

“ < 0 O U B U N t - t i P (U 
004034 FHEV 0RF (8) (T Easwtiy) M H Easwrtjy 88- 
040022 GET SET USA (W BuFiwr) C Trtder 8-8 

230402 HAZEL'S GRL(S Lae) MBntMn 6-8. 

MN ROSE (R Mehoteon) Mas Sktttf 84- 
0000 IRSTYRW«ER(B(Mr5PSulw»nJMHEastBrt>jr88- 
0004 MUSK DELIGHT (B) (M Kowani) K Myy 8-8_ 

030 SKERNE ROCKET (Br) (E Smith) H Jones 8a, 


- A nra. il fT l 1 7 

March 11 

J Lowe 9 


.FHoMmon 14 

11-4 Musk: DsSgJrt 7-2 HazATs GH, 4-1 Get Set Laa. 5-1 Frw Ofl. 8-1 Skerne 
Rocket. 12-1 others. 

FORM: HAZELS GRL (8-6) 2nd beaten XI to 

Dawn (8-8) with FREV OFF (8-8) 
‘ '* “ "noni 

July 17. 

17 ran. York 81 seB sttui good 
. *n Mick /8«9 ran. HamJfan 
lo Sands OITbne (8r1 1) 8 ran. 
DEUGHTg-11) 4th beaten 3fcl to Daneng 


MfirmJiAy 12. _ . . . _ 

51 h eap Bnn July 23. GET SET LlSA (M) 2f 
poreafraa H sek stks firm Jijy 21. MUSIC I 
Bale (8-1116 ran. Csttaridi 5f stks good to Arm July 

£2.805: 1m If) (6) 

2-00101 LIAM (J Rsiw] M J Ryan 9-12 <5«) PRobkiaonS 

4001 HAWi 

(A Clore) B Hifc 88 (5e») — 

. BThomson 1 

1 4&SS 

9 000001 PENTLAN0 HAWK (S HR) R Hottnshead 810 (5w) .SWiS 

12 32344)3 SOHAE. (USA)(HaRdan Al Makloun} H Thomson Jones 8-7 — ARtoiay3 
2-1 Liam. 3-1 Havrartkin, 5-2 Eoroalo. 5-1 SohaH. 8-1 Portland hawk, 12-1 
Sedusive- ' 

FORM: UAIR (9-5) won 51 from Cool Gales (B-11) 12 ran. Foftestone im2f stks mod to 
firm Jufy 22. HAWAROEN (8-8J iwon 11 hum Coccohito (88) 4 rwi NewcasOe imlfstks 

t July 21. 

Carksie 1m 11 siks firm July 3. 

S eMctki r c HARWAHPBM 


1 3^1132 POCHARD (USAKDHF Saknanl P Cole 48-10 A Qokm2 

5 B23210 AUCTION FEVER m(DMBF)|R SangsWJBW HAs 3*5. —BThomaw 4 

6 ID-0000- STAGE H AND (H) (lady P McAlpcai) G Wrjgq 88-1 PaulEddaryS 

7 000103 ' WELL COVETOJ (K Tonrtrson) R Hotashsad 5-8-1 WRm3 

8 031042 PAST OLOHeS(NHMha1on)WBsoy 3-7-7 AD*«ne(7) 1 

5-4 Pochard. 15-8 Auction Fever. 4-1 Past Gkmes. 8-1 Won Covered. 10-1 Stage 


FORM: POCHARD (9-101 2nd beaton *1 to Loch Sealorth (8-6) 9 ran. Windsor lm3! 
h eap good July 7. AUCTION FEV CT (8-9) B tti beaten 281 raEnban-(»3) 7 ran. Kampton 
1m a n eap firm July 16. WELL COVERED (9-6) 3rd beaten 8%l to Laomflas (8-6) 8 ran. 
Leicester im 2f h'cap good to firm Jidy 14. PAST GLORIES (8-6) 2nd Deaton 31 io High 
Tsmoton (9-10) 5 ran. Ayr im 51 h'cap good to firm July 26. 


4J0 E B F TRAMPOLINE MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O: £2,749: 5f) (16) 












ID MoomeadM. 

GARCON NOtR ( _ _ 

00000 MERE HUSK !M Bmt«n) U Brntan M- 

3 NORTON MBjOlWiMalJ Lntoy)MH Easterby 9-0- 
00 ON YOUR PfUSCESS (S Hepbumi J W Payne 9-0 — 

00 OVERPOWER jG Cooper) JW Waits WJ 

4 SMOLERN (G LeaBiaml M W EastertJy 50 — 


S Webster 1 
. K 

000 TOUCH OF SPEED (K Fscner) R 



WWPPBI M (F Warenck) J Etfienngion 
YOUNG 3NUCRT (A Greenwood) M W Easurfay 9ft . 
BLUE SYMPHONY (Mrs F Quit) F Dvr 8-11.. 

BUY NORDANJBNonbniM Camacho 8-11 

000 JEAN JEANME(R Taylor) J Rowlands 811 

00 LUCTS MELODY (Mrs L Hurt) W Pearce 8-11 

1 MANAGEMENT (Mrs A Hensanj M W Eastvby 8-1 1 - 

H8nh 14 

P D*Arcy 6 

. A Gocman (7) 3 

T Lucas 2 

- S Paries 11 

A Murray 4 

MHMey (3| 12 

— C French 10 

J LoiveS 


0 MBS I 


) B W HRs 8-11 . 

I M Camacho B-11- . 


M Fry 13 

B Thomson 7 
.N CennortanS 

18ft Perfumena. 3-1 Norton Melody. 11-2 Buy Nordan. 13-2 Touch Of Speed. B-1 
Skotam. 10-1 others. 

FOtK NORTON MELODY 19ft) 3rd beaten 2'4I to Antrais (9ft) 16 ran. Ripon 61 sh-s 


mgomg Sduauon (9-0) 9 ran. 
JSJBft) Hh Beaton 121 lo Bold 


5.0 MERRY-GO-ROUND HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £1.937: 6f) (18) 

gMB^r w i . FoAesc xie 61 stks good to fam July ' 

0-02000 YOUNG PUGGY 
0-31401 NUOSONS^B 
00*120 Cumbrian! 

R HoBnshead 9-7 .. 

.... SPertts4 

. (Htopodromo Racmgj M w Easwrtw 83 T Lucas 3 
(B) (D) (Cumbnan Musmals) M H Easwtry 83 

M Btdl 14 

190313 GOLDEN GWLOEH (D) (C Burtanm M W EaSMrtJy 8-13 _ HWndtey(3JlS 

030300 MSS PRBOnA ffl) iKavfi) W Benfley B-11 R Guest 1 

010-000 MADGMOtSUEMAGHA (USAXD) (Pnnca A Saknan) S Norton 8-9 

J Lowe 16 

000000 WHOBBnffWHEa^U Wool) B McMahon 8ft — 
380200 AFFAJTAT1 (GER) (E Inosa) £ Intea 82 ..... 

X Darley 17 

.. MBMooftn 

004213 ALUSTERDRANSFELD (B) (W Marshal) G Moore B-2 |10ax) 

S Wood (7) 10 

000-000 POXEREE IM Flynn) R MchoSs 81 PaUfEddey 18 

100-000 THE SIGHT (B) (I Brjanr) T Faanurci 81 M H3b 2 

304210 PSKhnO (B) iC-D) (W Panerson) K Ivory 81 (7ex) — — . — A Shoota (S) 7 

000030 SKELTON <G Turner) U W Easterby 7-10 LChamockO 

0 00-000 MIS5 SERL8Y (Mrs J EvenfU A Baidmg 7-10 AMackayB 

000023 BARGAIN PACK (J Taylor] Miss G Henley 7ft Juta Bowfcar (7)6 

0040 TENASSERIM U Brown) | v«fcers 7-7 G French S 

24 008004 EASTERN OAS88 U Oosshald} E Alston 7-7 S Dawson 1 

26 0008 EARLY DOORS {J Lane) A BakSng 7-7 J Qurm 15) 13 

81 Gotten Gutter, a-1 Peretoto. 82 Ccsnpnan Dancer. 81 Bargam Pack. 7-1 

AAstBRfransfteM. 81 Miss Pnmuia. Young Puggy. 10-1 Tanaasenm. 181 others. 
FORM: HUDSONS MEWS (80) wgn 5f from Rich Brtch (7-3) 8 ran. Hamilton 61 h'cap 
heavy June 10. CUMBRIAN DANCER (7-9) 8th beaten 9-1 to Matou 187) 5 ran. Ayr« 
h eap good to firm July 26 GOLDEHGU HJER(8 i i) 3rd beaten 41 in Ffltpe Toro (8-41 6 
FW^WjlejJI iriap firm July 5. ALUSTERuRANSHELD (84) 3rd beaten 51. r*. to 
Duffers Dancer J85)7 ran Carlisle £1 stks hard July 25. PERCIPH3 (8n) won sh hd 
from Tire Shay &»att(8<» 16 ran. CattenOi 51 sell h'cap firm July 33- BARGAIN PACK 
(8ft) 3rd twaten 3 to Mater March (84) 7 ran. HanMton 0) h'cap Ikm July 24. 
ScteakHc GOLDEN GutfiaT 

Lead od Time, ridden by Pat 
Eddery, made all the running for 
an impressive victory in the 
£25.336 Group II Prix Maurice 
de Gbeest (6 1/20 at Deauville 

' Running for only the second 
-time this - year after bcing off the 
course since his second in the 
Green ham Stakes in April, the 
strongly fancied Lead on Time, 
who paid 2.4-1 for a win, was 
never in any danger and won by 
a comfortable half a length from 
the four-year-old Comrade in 

The French 1,000 Guineas 
winner, Baiser Vole. was. two 
aind a half lengths back in third, 
jim getting the better of a mass 
- photograph in which Orojdya 
was placed fifth. The other 
English challengers. Grey Desire 

and Sperry, disappointingly 
filled the last two places. 

It was a great training perfor- 
mance by Olivier Douieb, who 
now plans to ran Lead on Time 
in the Vernons Sprint Cup at 
Haydock on September 6 where 
he may clash with Green Desert 

Highland Chieftain, ridden by 
Willie Carson, made it a great 
day for the British raiders in 
Europe with a well deserved 
success in (he £28,249 Group II 
Grosser Amdahl Deutschland- 
Pokal-Bayerisches Zuchtratnen 
(100 at Munich. 

John Dunlop’s colt had been 
an unlucky' second in the Grand 
Prix Prince Rose at Osiend on 
his previous start and connec- 
tions also felt that he did not 
have the best of luck in running 
when unplaced in the King 

Edward VH Stakes at Royal 

It was not plain sailing this 
time either as Canon had 
trouble in getting a clear ran. 
Once he found daylight just over 
one furlong from home, how- 
ever. he quickened away .for a 
decisive two and a quarter 
length success over the other.. 
British challenger, Esquire, rid- 
den by Brent Thomson. 

Greville Starkey, on Zahdam, 
has a fine chance of scoring a 
rare British victory in the 
£27.12S Group III Grand Prix 
de Vichy (12f) today. It wiD be 
the Guy Harwood-trained colt's 
third consecutive outing in 
France; and after his good 
'second to Altayan in the Prix 
Maurice de NieuQ last m onth, 
he seems certain to start a warm ' 

the British trainee of Forest- 
. Flower and Ministrwla,- winner 
and runner-up respectively in 
Newmarket’s Cherry Hinton 
Stakes. Also travelling over 
from England are Mick 
Easterly's Haydock andCbester 
winner, WiggLplfrorpe and Matt 
McCormack's constaent coll, 

Quel Espriu. . - 

Bolger is now also looking 
forward to attempting to repeat 
Condessa’s 1981V Wul in the 
Yorkshire Oaks with Park Ex- 
press. "SheVdone really well 
since winning the Lancashire 
Oaks.” he said. “She was eight 
kilos heavier on Saturday. And 
the great advantage is that she 
can be: ridden closer to the pace 

than Condessa.” -• ; : - iMlUlUA^. - - - 

- John Rekfs forcing tactics on trend is for-the more expensive 
Park Express were -one ,M the enclosures to do better.” The 
two factors that contributed to 

retire or go freelance next sea- 
son. “Whatever happens there'll 
be a hundred horses of Guy 
Harwood’s for me to ride next 
season.” he said, “and itU be 
surprising if we can't find a 
good'un amongst them.” 

. The Goodwood _ executive 
were more than satisfied with 
the attendance during- the five 
day festival and said that they 
had held their own in The keen 
eompetitionat the top end of the 
entertainment market. Rod 

Fabricius, the clerk of the 
course, said: "The total crowd 
was about 500 up on the week. It 
was a frit down on the two 
crowded days. Wednesday and 
Thursday, but op on Friday and 
Saturday. Increasingly, the 

Ettle of her early season 2 ip, but 
Walter Swinbum may also have 
made a rare error of judgement 
in waiting so far behind in a race 

OilU UIUUUII5 pwuw aw- ■MytAjN 

voraciously hungry- and thirsty 

The highlight of the opening 
of the ‘ 3 

in waiting so far behind in a race of the new jumping season, 
in which the gallop was slowed which started on Saturday with 
down early in the straight The meetings at Newton Abbot and 

Today's course specialists 


TRAMER& W Hem, 10 winners from 21 
runners. 47.8%; H Cecil. 15 from 45. 

33J%: S Norton. B from 36. 222%. 

JOCKEYSi.WCanson. 21 winnere hom97 
rid»:2l .0V J Rett. 190 from 1 70. 1 1 SSh. 


TRAJNER& P Hasten, 6 wrhaix from 14 

333%: M Stouts. 12 tram 38. 30.8V 
JOCKEYS: P Robinson. 11 winner from 81 
rides. 1&0V M Birch, 25 tom 221, 


THAMERS: G Harwood. 42 wtinen Mom 
■IM rtjmers. 41 AV M Janrte, 3fhm <2, 
1&0%;G Lewd, 17 from 90. 1ELBV 
JOCKEYS: SCauthen. 12wtfmers»roni49 

. rimers. 42.9V G Wragg. 5 tram IS. rides. 24^V P Cook.' 13 from 77. 168%; 

PWakfeon, 12 tram TIL 188%. 

THAINBtS: D Bsworth. 16 winners (fan 
83 runners. 25-4%; J Jenkifn, 31 from 
129: 24.0V D GandaMb.1t . ban 54,- 

JOCXEYSe P Leech, 25 wfrtnWsfrwTil30 
■rides. 1912V PBsrioa 11 from a. IftBV 
S Smith Ecdes. 14 from 76, 184V' 

illy I ^ - 

fact that Maysoon battled on so 
bravely 10 fake second place in 
the last fiirira^: adds . nirtita- 
credence to this suspicion. Yes- 
terday Michael Stoule had no 
' firm plans for Maktoum Al 
Maktoum’s consistent but luck- 
less fifty. About Cblorspm. the 
trainer's dramatically easy win- 
ner of the Irish Oaks, he said: 
“We've got the choice of the 
Matchmaker International and 
the Yorkshire Oaks at the Ebor 
meeting. And thur there's the 

Market Rasen occurred when 
Sam Morshead, absent from the 
saddle due to injuries since last 
November, made ajnumpiiant 
return on Kamaiak m the 3.45.' 
After his somewhat reluctant 
partner had tried to stop after 
jumping the last fence, the 
jockey said on dismounting: 
“You daren't hit him, so I 
bellowed at him for the fast mfle 
and a half. 1 was absolutely 
cream crackered: When I told 

meeting, ado uunr meres uic . fad, he said that I needn't 
Phoenix CSuaripibn, Stakes; fa ./have bothered- -as Karoatak’8 
Stpiember”-'-- - - - ears had been suified. with 

, Pat Eddery.saatdied die JGtz cotton-wool?"' , 


Going: good to Aim 

150 yd) (13 tunners) 

-1 008 MOUND TOWH aftray 5-1 1ft_ 
2 008 & MYWWGSJR Jenfcits 811-3. 
■3 088 QMAOAN A P Jam0&8ll-3i 

— JWNto 


4 3028 MAJUBA HHJL MCPipa 811-3 — . .. , L wdi 

5 m- MOROCCO BOUND H R Baastoy 7-11ft — R Gottatobi 

6 DREAM iratCHANT R J O'SuBnm 4-1 1ft — M IGnane 

8 8 WNGOT000 ALLIED RGFroMA-nft J Frost 

11 OP- TlfiCWASTER DR Tucker 4-1 1ft MAyfiffit 

12 F08 TRUE WEIGHT M Madgwricfc 811ft AHadgwtck 


KUTATTS BELLE (NZJb H Bar m 81812- P «cf»6s 

UTTLE CLOSE JWBbbar 81812 Gl 


IfitH M t 
'Clay (7) 

16 MONAS TOO D f GfianJ 4-1C _ 

Mn D SpanoHsJeaasg) 
_2- 1 By My Wings. 11-4 Kutotfs BeOa.81 MoytoaHJH. 81 
Dmndao, \Z~\ otliars: 

Newton Abbot selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Majuba Hill. 2.45 Skylander. 3.15 
Famparoid. 3.45 Swingleuw. 4.15 Discain Boy. 
4.45 Clearly Busl 

(Handicap: £2,689: 2m 150yd) (7) • 

.2 212- 5KYLANDER FWalwyn 7-11-7; — X Mooney 

3 4P8 MOON DREAira (Oft) JTQflordW-l 1ft- RRo« 

4 228 DSP (OXER J Hodges 8187 BPowsO 

5 049- MAGGE DEE R G FtoM 8180 J Frost 

6 m- FREDDIE BEE R J (TSiAvan 8180 — 
9 408 SUEYE BRACKEN (B) W Clay 1810-0- 
10/FD8 GOLLYNO (C) Mrs E Ksnnvfl 8180— 

IS 008 LYSANOER M Tata 4-1 1 ft ---■ ■ - 

19 08 UNDER T« STARS JFBtcWfeyes 811-0. RGoMsMll 

20 8 VENTORE TO RBftWi A J WHson 4-1 1-0„ C Cos (4) 

21 KBOERLEY ANN F Gorman 81812- TrtqfTbnwr(7) 

22 2P/ MET OVER PBBX£ D R GsndoHO 81812 ~ P Barton 

Evm Ptonparott. 10830 Lysanow. 81 Yankee Doorte. 8 
1 Mist Over Psrcfle. 181 VentueTo ftetonn.181 others. 

. (£784: 2m 150yd) (13) 

2 0P8 FAST FUGHTJFfitc8Hew» 11-11-10 R GohfsMa 

3 0(4- SW1NGLETREE R Champion 1811-4 N Doughty 

5 208 DANCE MASTER C Hotnas 1811ft CMm 

7 OF*- SOI LfcbltH J 0 Thomas 18188 CWonwDI 


10 00 ft EMPEROR NAPOtEONJE Forts 8185 — HMta* 

13 080 ATIBIS STAR JMBnxSey 11-180 GOhms 

14 408 GOLDEN MEDINA BForsey 8180 PCTOWter 

15 0PF- MAS7ER SOON DRTuchw 7-180 SMeNaM 

16 P/8 TUNZENBERG NR Michel 18180— MrTM*che«(7} 

17030ft TOURALONGK B WMtB 18180 MBssted 

18 042- APPLANTERCArawtaoB 11-180 Min GAnnytagem 
200FD-0 RUSSFIJ FUNT(H) MOfiver 7-180 R 

81 Swngietiwi. 7-2 Apphtoto. 82 Fan FKghi, 81 Dance 
Master. 81 Sr Lester. 181 olhera. 

HANDICAP HURDLE (£1 ,590: 3m 2f 100yd) (10) 

2 034- PRINCESS HECATE P Deris 1M1-7- 

3 408 COOfiDESPniTjqjH Baker 811-6. 

40181 DISCABI BOY C niwler 811-8 (7 bk) JDDavtei 

5 048 GETTING PIBITYfQF Gonran 7-1 1ft. IkaqrltoMr 

6 204- FLYING OmCEH(H)MC Pipe 81811 JLower 

7 P48 BORDER GEM (C-D)C F Lurton 181811 D Weeucett 

B 048 RIVERSOE WOVE J D Darias 7-1810 DHetris 

10 028 LOG CABWTW Clay 8181 DjeneOey 

11 Off- B. CTTO N R Mtfchel 81 CliL: ; G Landau 

12 0P8 WM8LBBALL J R ftiyne 8180 Wlfcanphraya 

r. 81 Process Hearts. 4-1 FlyingOfOcer. 8 

rsiae Drive. 


9-4 Dasain Boy. 
1 Border Gem. 81 1 


. A Webb 

11-10 Skyiander . 81 Moon Dreamer. 81 Deep Ridge. 81 
Goflyno. 12-1 Maggie Dee. 18i others. 

150yd) (16) 

1 8 BANK PARADE JD Dawes 81 1-3 EMmpIty 

3 OOP- CROWFOOTS COUTURE (B) M Casts! 811-3 

MBovtry (7) 

5 30/ HARO OAK MUadewdi 811 ftL A Madgwck 

7 PPP- MOL YHJSfUMJM BratSey 811-3 G Davies 

8 048 MR ClRACTACUS G G Grscey 811-3 N Doughty 

9 OP-2 PAfiffAROOJR Jenhns 8H-3 J Worte 

11 SALTERS WELL JWeober 8H-3. GMenagh 

12 008 SAUCY SIGNOflWCiay 811-3 — 

14 448 YAWBEDOCOLE(N7)D H Barons 811-3- PMehoes 
16 CLOW) DANCER GCDuxe 4-1 1ft D Browne 

J5 4-1 1ft 

. D rea 

_ ci 


(£2,595: 2m 150yd) (15) 

1 311- CLEARLY BUST C Holmes 81 1-10— 

2201F- DtarSFOUYRJ Hodges 7-11ft — 

4 418 TRAFHTAHZJ D R Bsworth 811*4. „ 

6 008 SAILOR WSSD Haydn Jones 81813 — 

8 348 TAIERTDWN LAD W-0) J R Jentans 81810- J WhNe 

9 Iff!- FATHER MAC M C Pioe 81810 PScndamoie 

10 418 ALDINGTON HULL C C Tnattoe 8189 ASwepe 

11 D01- FBIE CHCFTA1N M Madgvnc* 7-10-8 AMndprtdi 

12 244- SCOTTISH BAVARO J Wettwr 7-180 QMrioort 

13 01P- SEXTON ASH R J O'SJSvan 4-187 MHtte 

15 401- CORAL HARBOUR l Warrta 4-1 86 — SSeMiEccles 

“ 7-185-. DhneCtay 


. CMano 

16 008 HAWAIIAN HEIR «)<USA)W Ctay 

17 02P- PIP SWorafinan 8185 

18 4108 GOLDEN HOME (C-O) R J Hodges 8185- W 
10 008 ISOM DART (USA](C-p) T B Halett 7-10-4- P Kchanta 

4-1 Tamertown Lad. 94! Tratfitanzi, 81 Clearty Bust 81 




Going: good 
Draw: high numbers best 

6JJ WROTTESLEY STAKES (2-Y-O: C & G: £1,051: 
7f) (12 runners) 

2 12 AFRICAN SPOUT M Preseett 9ft GDofEeUS 

5 0 DRYGALSM (USA) W Scans 87 WRSwinbimi 11 

7 00 FINAL DEUGHTK Brassey 87 SWbitmrti9 

B 000 GEORGE HARRY DHeyOnJenes 87 J Rett 2 

9 0000 MANN MSCMEF(B}d Lang 87_. Domttie Gttscm 4 


4 PLANE C Bream 87 

00 PSALMOOYW Kassngsftass 87 . 

P Malm 87- 


87 Tht96 

87 W Newness 

0 VISION OF WONDER A! UW*r 87 M Wtafcm 1 

0 WAHSA G Pnorato-Gcrccn 87 * Wood 3 

2-1 Plane. 11-4 Triple Enema, a-i DrygaisKi. 81 AJhean 
Stum. 182 Toluca Lake. 12-1 warnta. 181 Psffnody. 281 

Wolverhampton Selections 

By Mandarin 

6.0 African Spirit. 6.30 Miss Drummond. 7.0 
Daniil. 7.30 SiarmasL S.O Don't Ring Me. 8.30 
Sticky Greene. 

(£1.637: im If) (19) 

3 020 SAHRAAN A SSwarl 89ft 

4 -014 LOTUS PRINCESS (DXBF) K Bridgwater 887 

R Adam 12 

G -403 STARMAST (BF) W Hwn 385 TSpnkel7 

12 803 BRECXLAND LADY (C-O) M TompWns 4ft-10 


14 0044 CASHEW KING B McMahon 3-810 A Roper 9 

16 4301 EXPLETIVE (B| (C-O) MEddey 6-810 (Sex) 

Karan Otsney(G) 16 

17 000 NEXT DANCE H Candy 888 P Johnson 18 

20 0004 BUCKS BOLT J Berry 4-87 — 4 

21 W1 HODAKA (FR)B Camtxdge 9-84 JScaHy 10 

22 800 HLH CONSULTANT J Bosley 4ft-d_^_ R P e rti a m (5) 2 

23 0020 CENTRALSPIRES BESTT Casey 3-83 J Car 15 

25 0000 APHL FOX R Hotter 881 AOcfcsS 

28 -000 RHON COURT □ Haydn Jones 6-80 — J Lake (5)14 

29 OJOft CHEF aLACXFOOTJ OH 7-7-13 :. D Kent 7 

32 0000 SPINNAKER LADTM Usher 87-13 AOReBylS 

33000ft SURPRISE ATTACK E Btfln 87-13 B Foote (5)6 

34 080 BAKERS DOUBLE M James 87-11 —19 

35 (W0 WALTER'S WEDNESDAY C IWer 87-10_. S Chads 11 

36 OftO SUNLEY SPIRIT S Chnstan 87-7 1*9003 

9-2 Hodafca. 5-1 StarmssL Breddand Lady. 81 Next 

Dance. Exottme. 81 Lotus Princess, 181 Saitraan. 


(£1.937: 1m6f 110yd) (15) 

2 0010 ACTION TIME (Cft) 3 McMahon 5-87 — JHBb(5)9 

3 -040 DON'T RING MEW 

4-87 R Lines | 


1 0000 800THAM LAD M Bmtam 811 ThrasS 

2 0 GREHTS SEYMOUR JBer-y 811 —2 

3 0042 HUGO Z HACKENSUSH (B) (BF) C Tirtder 811 


5 2001 MBS DRUMMOND (DJNTnWer 811 Kan TaAJer (5) 9 

8 DUE BROCK (B) B Ucrcart 88 P Robinson 3 

11 00 ROYAL SPECIAL B McMaron 88 J HAS (5) 1 

I2DB44 SAM'S REFRAIN D Haven Jones 88 J Rett 6 

T3 0040 SANTO PRINCESS U to^'SC'vGoSoy 88 . RHffla 7 

14 0400 SAUCER WBrocw 88. .. — i 

7-4 Mss Onanmcnc. 9-4 Hugo Z hachentoush. 7-1 5am s 
Refraei. 81 B o oto a m Lad. 181 Saucier. Santo Princess. 
Green s Seymow. 181 others. 

£2.452: 50( 

1 3100 VAGUE LASS W Wharton 8813 —9 

2 OHM TAX-SOY ID) S McMahon 3-86 Those 

3 008 BE LYRICAL (D1 G Pntcha.-6-G^don *-9-5 O Duffiott 2 

4 0002 NORTHERN TRUST p)CN«i5cn3ft-1 JRottS 

5 0000 DAVKX(BHC-0) J Wnsr eftft .. WR Smbnl 

6 0002 GENTHJESCHl (USAKD) P. Nchods 4-82 


7 2100 FARMER JOCK (D) Mrs NUacauley 4-80 


B 0H» FUST EXPERIENCE (C-O) PFettale4ftft - M Fry 1 
g 0202 LADY CARA lCft)J Berry 87-tQ WComcmlO 

10 0204 CAPTABTS BIDS H WKVK 87-7 L tape (7) 3 

11 4000 THE CHAUCEWELLIBIM James 4-7-r ... A Proud 7 
81 Northern Trust. 7-2 Lady Cara. 4-1 Gentfescfti. 8i 

vague LBS5. Tax-Roy. 81 Fanner JocA. 181 Fin Ettcnence, 
iJTfflhsrS. , 

6 030/ WONDER WOOD R Hotter 7-812. A Octal?) 15 

J Rett 11 
N HornS 
W Nomwi 7 

7 20ft LADY KELANE N Gaseiee 4-812 — 

8 4000 GROVE TOWER R Metals 8810. . 

(FR)H HoBnshead 4ft-5. W Ryan 13 

5ft~s Pad Eddery 4 


R ratal 

. ASAootta 

10 803 DRY GW H Candy 888 

12 0003 TOUCH OF LUCK (. 

13 (001 PURPLE F Jordan ! 

14 0200 DICK IOOGHT (B) K troiy 5ft-t . 

15 0000 MISS LAURA LEE P Fetoata 3-81 — 

16 1000 EASY KIN (B| R PeacodT 4ftft 

17 804 HALLOWED J Boston 4-7-13. 

20 SHIRLEY GROVE T Taylor 87-12 NCortaloB 

22 3000 A1ACAZAM J Spearing 4-7-12 W Carson 2 

S3 4400 CROOK N HONEST R Hotter 4-7-10 A Proud 12 

7-2 Dry Gm. 4-1 Purple. 5-1 Habmed. 7-1 Acton Tana. 

£1.299: Im If) (22) 

1 BSJEVE ME NOT (USA) W Hem 8ft W Carson 17 

4 0-03 CHART CLIMBER |B) D Lora 88 W Newnea 16 

5 0 CLEAVAGE G Batting 88 RWaaw3 

7 0200 DASA QUEEN TCasmrSft JRattS 

8 O ELA MAN HEE A SrevanSft M Roberts 15 

9 000 KCOKEOBID (CAN) J OurtoD 86 GBaaar2 

10 4330 HOTNOAMAR BOSS 88 EGoeat(3)9 

12 30ft KANGAROO (B) H Thomson Jones 8ft _ A Hunay 12 

00 LEAKER'S PEARL J Ok) 88- 

_ 04 MAGIC TOWER C Bntlan 88 PRoUawni 

>7 08 MILLS AMEND □ O'Neil 88 DoaMfie Gflwon B 

18 00 MSS STANWAY J Speanng 88- — . N How# 11 

19 -044 Mts MAMWARWG(nnS Norton 8ft. Pool Eddery 13 

20 8 NATIVE TUNE M Stamens B-8 —7 

21 NOHOLMMA (USAID Douieb 88 R Machado 21 

24 0 PRINCESS EMMA M Stoutt 88. W R SotttMD 20 

25 0 PSYLLA H Ceci 88 W Ryan 8 

26 -000 OUTTE A GUE5TB McMahon 88 — . J Wta (5) 14 

30 3342 ST1CXY GREENE (USA) BH#s 88 B Thomson 15 

32 00 THUMERDOME (n) (U$A) Q DQueb 88 — RHH10 

33 300 TOP DEBUTANTE (USA) M Jams 88- -Thai 

35 Oft WARM BREEZE WHasfings-Sass 8fl- RUrmsp) 19 

100-30 SncAay Groene. 9-2 Psyta- 81 Prmcese Emma. 8-T 
Top Detwntanta. 181 Nohobmna. Ela Man Hee. 

Going: joed 
Draw: 51-61, 1 



low nunbers best 

6J)TWISSJtf!ffi£N1K9ESlHAIttl|C^(E960:7Q^ •'^ffeniottOioRK.^'i 

10 000 RMIT ON Maa B Sanden 81 1 P Waldron 5 

14 822 THE CHBTOWAM MAN U TonffaiS 811 UU jm|| 

17 30M MUS ICAL CHO RUS WG Bttm 8ft CMtarigE 

.21 W 88 Piic&toa (7) 2 

4-7 Cut-On A Ftyar. 11-4 Htt Chipportram Man, 7-1 
I tnbiopus, 181 others. . 


5 3338 GOLDStBEAU 
II 0383 H0PBU- KATIE (C) 

12 080 HNTCMNGLCMMI883. 
IS 00ft TAGORE P Arthur 483. 

•"■i i — . 

7-81 OiL PSta*onP) 8 

480 DataOHbaonS 

,M Usher 38-11 FIWrarta«2. 
Leste4-87 — 4 

14 8004 ROYAL BBBCSL Cottrell 3-82_ 
18 2408 HAJ Was LBOWto 87-11. 

T Lang 3 

1m4ft (14) 


10 0900 KBWY MAYWQ M J RyM>8S 

_ P Cook 9 
_ P Wattroal 

20 0ft2 SPARKLSt SPIRIT R Akahural 87-10 — GBardna*7 
84 Royal Berks, 11-4 Fast Senrica. 83 Gotten BmuJM 
Hopeful Kaos. 81 Spender. Spirit^ 181 Haj. 181 Son Of 
Spartter . 281 otters. f 1 

Folkestone Selections : 

By Mandario 

6.0 Sparkler ^>iriL 6.30 Marcredea. 7.0 Out On A 
Flyer. 7.30 Jabaraba. 8.0 Shaikiya. 830 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
6.0 Golden Beau. 630 Report ’Em. 7.0 The 
ChippenhanuMan._730.iCefiy.JMay Sing. '8.0 
Tangalooma. 8.30 Sariza. 

Michael Seely's refection: : JABARABA (nap).-: ' 

14 80*1 JABARABA RJ&MD) LCoBra4 89ft U«P)7 

1680-00 TRACXBIS J DWtap8811 S Cattfonl fl 


18 6420 G OMAGKJOMoriey 3ftft _____.B Renee 11 


• 27 080 RAVENBGRAKS DGriaseB *+1 MLYtameefa 

82 JaborttW. 100-80 NettmxAar. 8? AtttaR. 81 GG 
Magic. 81 Tracker* Jewel. 181 Kerry May Sing. 181 Wfltaw 
Gorge, 181 otters. 

. £1^5ft5f) (9) . 

11 0334 BAK-ET!SWU N(B)G Prttotar8Gontai8flF WaW i ra il 

_.5 MAGNOLIA BCPfesSBow 9ft 1 

0 'ATRAYD R Hannert 811 0 Rohm C 

■ J : MT QOMY PRIDE Pettil)tthi»811^ R Cnehnee 6 

£961: 6f)(15) 

1 -403 UPH0RIA P Cole 87 MLymhffll 

2 -0® SNAP OeCtSKWR Hannan 85 L Jones . 

4 003 ACUA N Vigors 9-2 PCodrM 

5 4-00 TUMBLE FAW M McCormack 813 SCaeOwna 

7 0020 HARCRB1EA D Murrajt&nMh 813 RWenttenS 

amp 8ft 

00 Fwypuws LADY D Labig 811 
BOO DONE FOR I T A Ing ham 811 — Ji 
SHAMYA R Johnson Houghton 81 1 . 


13 0 UTTLE 


20 04 TANGALOOMA UF1ggott811 



_ 13-8 Tangetoonra. 9-4 ShaJdya. 81 Atram. 7-1 HaAey's 

J . Run. 181 Bury Wile. 12-1 Frivolous Lady. 16-1 otters. 

9 0130 MANOR 
10 000 
- 11 -002 JUUMAGLmris 

, CRDttarfqil 

13 0000 FANCY PAGES Pat PAichaa 8ft _PHuteWwon (Mia 

14 0000 MEGADYNE W IMdan 80bi R Moran (5) 7 

15 0000 FIVE QUARTERS LCOOeB 7-13 T Lane (7) 13' 

16 M8 SEA SHANTY WWgMrns 7^11 _ — _ AMeGteoeS 

17 000 STRAIGHTAWAY STAR L HoS 7-10 NAdwelS 

IB 00ft TWA ROSA 0 CDomel 7-7 J Carter (7) 5 

20 0000 THAI SKY (8) Pal MKchfll 7-7 ; R Sheet 2 

7-4 Mar c redea. 81 Jtenra, 82 Adta. 81 Snap Decision. 
181 Uphoria. Nanor. 12-1 Tumbte Fair, 281 otter*. 



6 00 0EBKIFUSC BriBao>81T, ! SCrattwn4 



' " 2^2400 BOOFY RShaattar9-0. 

4 400Q IIALSAAN BOY Pa lAtchel 9ft 
■ 5 80 FIRST OPPORTUNITY P Arthur 9ft 




WYKBUkHttTC Bamtsad 9ft. 

to) J Roberts 80 



KALANDARIYA R Johnson Houtfiton 811 P Written I 

24 -000 MARCS VALBtTME U UcComack 811 

R WcrnVton 6 

27 4129 SARIZA H CecA 811 SCeutten W 

11-10 Sariza. 13-8 Kttandariya. 181 Booty. 181 Seta Of 
Budapest Maria's Vatattna:281 otters. 


Going: good - ■ 

230 LEGSBY HANDICAP CHASE (£2,175: 2m 5f) (7 

4 U21- STANDBACX(Cft)WAStasttemon811ft„RlMb 

5 ffiSP- FOGGY BUOY (CftnPCalwr 1811-1 ABOtoger 

7 311- KATOPBUOSfQO Brennan 8188 M Oien nan 

8 HP- HON AN PA UL (cfa S J Lsadbffer 18188 — 

9 OOP- GEARY'S COLD ROLLED Denys Smitt 8184 .CGn4 

10 0PP- SMARK G A Hutttrad 7-10-3 .PMerNoMs 

11 408 GREBBOJ. NALL K8CW Thornton 18182 ■ 

7-4 Stand Back. 5-2 Katoperaos. 82 Foggy Bum. 81 

Ronan-PauL 181 Oeenrifi Had. 12-1 Goxrys CoMRcted 14-1 





. JMAMPTOHLYN 0 Lee 185- 

KATE RNODre R Hofttthnd 18ft 
L1NEOUTLADYW Wharton 180— 
W«;S SETEL J L HmB 180 h 

.G Heritor (4) 


aUADRAT ALAM M H Easterty IM— 
SWEET .SNUGFTT fl D Woadhouse 10ft- 

I Lady Si Clair. 81 Fa«t And Friendly. *-1 QuanatAl Am, 
81 uptown Haratt's 81 Unaout Lady, 12-1 ' 


Market Rasen selections 

By Mandarin 

2.30 Fogey Buoy. 3.0 Finale Sept. 330 Quarrai .Al 
Ain. 4.0 Kirkstyle. 430 Mossy Cones. 5.0 
Whiskey Time. 


(£639: 2m) (16) 

20023- FBUXSrrOWE LAO TO j H Johnson 7-n-T3 


5 004- FWALE SBT (C-O) H Fhttmg 7-11-5 M 

1LAD (B) TONChaottertrin 811-3 


i'81 Linecut Lady, i£i Big Country, 181 


HANDICAP CHASE (£1,450: 2m) (9) 

1 438 DffEMAL BLACK ttt D WcCWn 18187. M , 

2 128 .HARDY RANCH (C®G M Moon 7-11-n . s Tamar | 

4 001- kwkstyle (C-lj) C W ttnway 1811ft • — 

- 5 ■ 318 VALE CHALLENGE Ka Mormn 12-U-3 — 

6 012- PARSONS PRttgjt S Wngrora lf-186. B Deatafl P) 

7 AFP- TUMBLE JM P»T Yt CtoAw 1 7-IOft . 

: 8 PPR-' OUTLAW NANjfcft* C B Tajte 12 - 186 . 

9 048 TWE DtPUNjAT^W l Kttnp 81 
10 334- l»OMUSHIMOnJFaitae810 

81 Vale CriaSengn. 7-2 Handy Rend). 82 Parson’s Pride, 
81 Imperial Back. 81 Moon80ttng. 181 Ktastyta. 12-1 The 
Diplomat 181 ottare. 

430 UNWOOO NOVICE CHASE (£1,061: 3m) (8) 

1 OOP- DUN ROLFS N waggon 8iift — MssTWMgaam 

2 Pff- - HY TAB Eari Mtm 8iift J Doyle « 

3 . WOHTY Dg^raWTtamp 811ft- SShUtta 

4 0F8 «OSSYC»reSWA^rtien*n7-11ft RLarab 

-5 POO- SWUNG BY JR Jenldns 81 1ft_, C Grant 

6 00F- STREAABJNER P QMS 181 1ft. 

9 OPPf FBIE. STYLET Hff 7-11-1 

10 • SPRATS wa Jam* fiagerakJ 11-11-1. 

7 P08 JULESIAN TO K G VWngrtNa 811ft . 

9 303- SOUTAKEPBuder 810-12 

10 048 NORWtoSTLEtDlT 
14 008 BASTROP (B) 


Thorapsun 8185 

■ S Chariton 

15 008 VKEOOBranan 4-10-* 

17 FD8 GRAHQEMLLfC-O) Miss G Rees I1-10ft 

18 IFF- 7YMAPALI (D1 > T Scwtoy 8182- 

19 000/ LUCirOMaAau 7-181 K 

20 P08 HAISTHEAKMhbZ Green 8180. 

21 008 LE MARSH JJScaBan 810ft 

22 008 MONSANTO LAD H Henm 816-0. 

24 0(48 MMAB L W otongh am 618 O.: 

a 008 BMGAD0 Offi& (C-O) C Hoyte 8HWL- IMP Amy 

81 Finale Sept 82 GrangeML 81 FfeBustowe Lad. 81 
SoStatra. Anab. 81 Jideeian. 18-1 La Marsh. Brigadier Graan. 
14 -t oners. 


£1.673: 2m) (15) 

T PA5T AND FMBttLYRHoNrashead 1812 POmr 

3 LADY STCUUR Oerwa Sraff 187 C Graft 

4 UPTOWN RANOB-SGM Moara 187 MHanramd 

7 BIG COUNTRY Ron Thompson 185 

CHA85FIELD G A HutdJBtinOft 


. MOayar 

Evens SeNnO ^ti*?** Opnaa, 81 SbaamBnar. 181 
Dun Hod*. 12-1 Sprat* 1«. 181 attars. 

( 12 ) 

2qjo 8 nuDBumma.THMi 81810 sjcnwR 

. 4 B08 filAGNOK N Charaberittn 81810 AC 

5 048 MARACAS HAY N 'MmM 7-1810 KeeTl 
B33M- MONIAR (USA) D MafMt7-1810_ 

a oESh nowoo WASManeon 81810 R | 

9 222- SANOYLA to) DT Thom 81610 

- 11032-1 WWSKET TWE J H Jentans 81 1-3 (Tex). 
t2- ANCnil»MOHfflmDLee8187l’_GI 

«... COUN1RY ftMMYCTUder 8187. 
14 P38 RAttABBJJ0MJWil0g4.187M 



12 . _ . _ . . . . 

13 SN0WF1RE CHAP HWfartSfl 186 

14 STEP ON H DaH>1 Oft- 

WGH BAZAAR R D Woodhousa 185 
HtLLRYDEJL Hants 10-5 

15 008 SOVEREIGN LAD G M Moore 4-187. 

16 408. FRAGRANrCALAMTYAtasZ Omen 4-182 — 

816 Whiskey Time. 4-1 Sandyta, 81 Ftovlgo, - 

• Bering, the . Freeh Derby -winner, is now 5-2 
favourite wjth Corals for' me- Prix de HAre de 
Triontpb* at Longchamp on October S. Other 
are: Dancing Brave 3-1, Shardari 4-1 gnrf 
- ‘ 8-1. 

. Jfaiil BradwdL *e Flai jockey, broke fakleg 
while ridingout far Pat Mkchefl a week before the 
Hat season began. He resumes riding today at 
EWkestone. Bradwen mll ride Dalsaan Bay for 
Mitchell in the Hyde Maiden Sakes. 




} . i 





W vioj ■■■. ■ '-/s' 4 h*% J43figlhi ; 

Gardner gets 
wet but no 
longer behind 
the ears 

Wayne Gardner's victory in 
yesterday’s 500cc Shell Oil 
British Grand Prix removes 
all doubts that the Australian 
has reached the highest level 
of ability. His third win this 
year was bis first in the wet. 

Gardner was thrust to the 
head of the Rothmans Honda 
team in only his second full 
grand prix season by the 
withdrawal of the world 
champion. Freddie Spencer. 
At Siiver5ione yestendayhe 
reached maturity. 

The race had to be restarted 
30 minutes after an accident 
on the first comer in which 
Paul Lewis, riding a Heron- 
Suzuki, received a suspected 
broken ankle. Gardner had 
been in the lead then as well. 

“This is one race 1 really 
wanted to win." he said 
through teeth chattering from 
the extreme cold. “I copied the 
Americans by grabbing a big 
lead early on. After that I 
could set the pace and ride 

The Belgian Didier de 
Radigues's second was his best 
ever finish and he was pleased 
to have triumphed over the 
works V4 Yamahas on his 
three-cylinder Chevallier- 

Bui the third-placed Eddie 
Lawson (Marlboro-Yamaha) 
had drawn further into the 
championship lead and ex- 
pressed satisfaction: "I 
couldn't afford to take any 
risks and 1 needed the points. 
We needed to finish well and 
]*m pleased that we did." 

His team-mate, Rob 
McElnea, was fourth and 
looked as if he would beat 
Lawson. "When I caught him 
1 throttled back because he is 
leading the championship " he 
said. "What else could I do? In 

By Michael Scott 

fact. I t hink he speeded up as 

Others had trouble in the 
conditions. Christian Sarron 
(Yamaha), of France, was 
moving up into the top three 
when he crashed. 

Randy Mamoia, who had 
been second in the champion- 
ship, finished fifth but had to 
be lifted off die motor cycle 
after the race. He had crashed 
in practice and injured his 
shoulder. In spite of poin- 
killing injections the injury 
almost prevented him from 

In the earlier 250cc race 
Alan Carter, of Britain, led for 
much of the race but crashed 
on the final lap while defend- 
ing the lead he bad lost to 
Dominique Sarron, of France. 

On Saturday British riders 
did well. Ian McConnachie, of 
Derbyshire, became the first 
Briton to win a motor cycle 
grand prix since 1983 on his 
works Krauser and the York- 
shire sidecar crew, Steve Web- 
ster and Tony Hewitt moved 
into the championship lead 
with second place. 

RESULTS: Shell Oil British Grand 
Prix (SQOcck 1. W Gardner (Aus), 
Honda, 51 rmn.24.C3sec (95.66mph): 
2. D de Radfgues (Bel), Honda, 
51:33.39; 3. E Lawson (US), 
Yamaha. 5134.66: 4, R McElnea 
(GB), Yamaha. 51:46.38; 5. R 

Mamoia (US). Yamaha. 52:1 1 .59; 6, 
R Roche (Fr), Honda, 5230.36. 
World cha mpionship standings: 1, 
E Lawson, 109pts; 2. W Gardner, 
93; 3, R Mamoia, 92; 4, M Baldwin, 
60; 5, C Sarron. 53; 6. R McElnea, 
52. 250ce: (24 laps, 7035 miles): 1, 
0 Sarron (Fr). Honda, 44min 
4l.7Ssec (94.30mphfc 2, C Lavado 

E en), Yamaha, 4*5731; 3. S Pons 
p), Honda. 452.87. 125cc (20 
is, 5&54 miles): 1, A Auinger 
(Austria), Bartoi. 38min 543796c 
(9027mph): 2 D Brigagfia (It), 
Ducados. 39335: 3, L Cadafora (It), 
Gareiti, 39:628. Standings: 1, 
Cadalora. 86pts; 2, F Gresini (Hi 
Garedi, 74; 3. 0 Brigagfia (It), MBA. 


Warwick blunder 
wrecks hopes 

Jerez (Reuter) — A crash on 
the first comer among their 
main rivals gave Oscar Larrauri 
and Jesus Pareja their first world 
sponscar championship victory' 
yesterday m the sixth round of 
the scries. -r 

The Jaguar team — Derek 
Warwick and Jan Larnmers, 
Eddie Chcever and Martin 
Brundle and Jean-Louis Sch- 
lesscr and Gianfranco Branca- 
telli - were effectively 
eliminated on the first comer of 
the 86-lap race after Warwick 
collided with Brancatelli. an 
incident which also involved 

The .Argentinian and Span- 
iard pairing then romped to win 
from Frank Jclinski and Walter 
Bran, their Porsche team-mates. 

"It was my faulL" Warwick 
said. "I fumed in to the first 
comer and just didn't see 
Brancatelli." Warwick finished 
third, the only one of the three 
drivers involved in the accident 
to finish. 

As tempraiurcs soared to 
inodcgF, Ian Harrower, of Brit- 
ain. was taken to hospital with 
heat exhaustion after finishing 
second in the group C2 class, 
which was won by Gordon Spice 

and Ray Bell, the Britons of 
Pontiac Fiero. 

RESULTS: (360kms): 1, O Larrauri (Ara) 
and J Pareto (Sp). Porsche 963. 2tw 27mm 
47.3aaax 2, F JoUnsld (WGlamUN 
(StritzL Porsche. 962, 2:2323, 

Warwick -<GQI and J rammers 




Sussex are unable 
to keep their feet 

_ _ _ _ _ 

Golden girls: from left Kathy Cook, Paula Dunn, Heather Oakes and Joan Baptiste celebrate winning the 4 x 100 metres 
gold medal for England at the Commonwealth Games in Edhzbnrgh on Saturday, Report, page 26. 


Turner takes advantage as 
Stadler strays off course 

Craig Stadler, the former 
United Slates Masters cham- 
pion, threw away a golden 
opportunity yesterday to win 
the Scandinavian Open 
championship in Ullna. Swe- 
den. The 33-year-old American 
was three up with three holes to 
play when be bit a bad patch, 
scoring bogeys at each of them 
to be forced into a sudden-death 
play-off with Greg Turner, of 
New -Zealand. 

Stadler s tale of woe started at 
the short 16th when he put his 
tee shot into a bunker. He 
followed that set-back by almost 
hooking into the lake at the 
17th, before dropping another 
shoL and tbeu took three putts 
at the last. 

With such-a sequence behind 
him. the odds swung heavily 
against the American — who had 
scored 66 in each oftfae previous 
three rounds. It was an opportu- 
nity that Turner could not resist, 
and be took it gratefully at the 
first extra hole, scoring a birdie 
with a putt from 30 feet to take 
his first- European title 
Turner, winner of the New 
Zealand PGA tide shortly after 

turning professional 20 months 
ago. and the younger bother of 
former Test cricket captain 
Glenn, said: “I was playing for 
second place when Craig hit a 
few loose shots. But 1 played and 
putted welL 

"My brother Glenn gave me a 
telling off for being a lazy so- 
and-so when I missed the Dutch 
Open to go to Lord’s to watch 
New. Zealand play England in 
the Test. But I needed that resL" 

In contrast there was only 
disappointment for Stadler, who 
is without a victory since Iasr 
year's European Masters. The 
American, who lost out to Sam 
Torrance in the 1983 Scandina- 
vian event after a last-hole 
bogey, missed the cut in this 
year’s US Masters after taking 
seven shots at the last. Two 
weeks ago he was forced to 
' withdraw after taking 82 in the 
opening round of the British 
Open at Tumberry, having in- 
jured a wrist when playing out of 
the rough. 

He said: "My confidence was 
very low but three 66s here 
really encouraged me. I was in 
complete control until 1 bun- 

kered my tee. shot at the 16th. I 
didn't hit another decent shoL I 
just lost confidence again. It 
wasn’t the pressure. I don't 
choke. My mind just seemed to 

SCORES tQB unless stated): 270: G 
Turner (NZl 89, 62. 69, 70: C Stater (US), 
66.66.66, 72 (Turner won pby-ofl). 274: 1 
Baker-FlnctlJAusL 65. 07, 71. 71. 27& J 
Rivero (SpL 70. 67. 67. 72; R Rafferty. 67, 
66. 68. 7S: 278: H dark, 72, 70. 66. 70. 
280: M James. 66. 71. 71, 72.281: T Gale 

jGanL 71. 70, 71.69:0 


_ , 72. 66. 2B2: S Torrance, 69769. 70. 74; 
S Lyle. 67. 71. 72. 72; D Smytfi. 73. 69. 69. 
71; P Walton. 71 , 70. 70. 71 :M Roe, 71. 71. 
70. 70: D Cooper. 71, 68. 73. 70; A 
FdraOrand (SweL 72, 70. 71. 69: C 
O'Connor inr. 68. 75. 71. 68. 283: T 
Webber (zfc^abweL 70, 70, 68. 75; B 
70. 72, 70. 71; R Hartmann (US). 72. 69. 
73. 69. 284: C Meson. 73. 71. 68, 72: O 
Moore (Aus), 73. 70. 70. 71: P Thomas. 74. 
70, 70, 70: D Dumton. 74, 66. 75, 89*. M 
Mackenzie, 71, 71. 73. 69; V Fernandez 

W |. 69. 73. 78. 64. 285: M McLean. 73. 
69. 73: J O’Leary. 70. 74. 71 7(H I 
3. 70: R Drummond, 73, 


for silver 

From a Correspondent 

British crews won two silver 
medals and also won two of the 
small finals on the dosing day of 
the junior world rowing 
championships at Roudnice. 
Czechoslovakia. In the women's 

events the British coxless pair 

won the small final in a convinc- 
ing manner, but the coxed four 
found their Czechoslovak oppo- 
nents too strong 
In the afternoon British atten- 
tion was focused on the men's 
coxless pair and the coxless four 
which were in the main finals. 

Both members of the coxless 

pair and one of the coxless four 
had rowed in the 1985 British [ 
silver medal-i 


points) beat Sussex by 39 runs. 

Torrential rain reduced m 
John Player League match io a 
20-ovct tip and run skirmish on 
a soaked field, on which the 
players had problems keeping 
their feet Essex, put into bau 
managed 138 for seven; Sussex 
found this unanswerable. 

This could prove an im- 
portant win for Essex nt the 
weeks ahead. Sussex lost Parker, 
Gould and Imran for 28 in their 
first six overs and never recov- 
ered. Colin Wells and Phillipson 
made some brave strokes in a 
sixth wicket stand but the Essex 
attack was too good for them. 

The light was at its worst 
when play began at 4.30 under 
heavy, black clouds. Gooch and 
Prichard, though, overcame the 

conditions as well as anyone and 

launched the Essex innings with 
a stand of 76 in 10 overs. Gooch 
hooked and on drove sixes 
against le Roux and Cohn Wells 
before he gave Pigon a return 
catch. . 

Border hit a high catch to 
deep point and Pringle was held 
at mid-on off a full toss. 
Prichard was fourth out when he 

owe win 
to Marks 

By Richard Streeton 

moved down the wicket to 
Reeve and played on. Reeve 
bowled Fletcher in the same 
over but Hardic and Stephenson 
scampered u seful r uns. 


*G A Gooch c and b Pigon 43 

pjpndartolfewfe------- «Q 

A R Boater c A PWoteb Jones 2 

DRPnngnc Green bPigaa 11 

K W R watcher b Reeve — g 

B R HartJte not out 13 

j P Swpbenson b Reew — 13 

N A Foster run out - — — 1 

Extras (10 5. ml.rttl) 7 

Total (7 wvts.20 OWV5J — 138 

tN D Bums. T D Toptejr and J K Lmrokt 

nor bat 

FALL OR WICKETS 1-76. 2-78, 305.4- 
111 . 5-112.6-134. 7-138. 

BOWUNG: Imran 40-280: to Row 2-Q. 
^^*-0-22-1. CM WJfaWaw* 
Piqott 4-Q-22-2, Reeve 3-0-19-3 

PWG Parker c Boater o Laver — _ 7 

*ti J Gould c Prmgfe o Toptey 3 

Imran Khan few b Toptey 9 

C M WeBs not out — 33 

GSH Ftaux run out — 6 

h P VJiAe b Foster 7 



By Alan Gibson 

Somerset (Apts) beat Worcester- 
shire on a faster scoring rate) 

It was a wet morning at 
Weston, and the afternoon was 
not much drier, but they de- 
cided to make a start at a quarter 
to four, the match reduced to 25 
overs apiece. Somerset put 
Worcestershire in. 

Richards was one of 
Somerset's opening pair, some- 
thing which has not often hap- 
pened. and in three overs had 
bowled Smith and Illingworth. 
After 10 overs, however, in 
drizzle and poor light. 
Worcestershire were 62 for two. 
Then Curtis, who had reached 
menai-winmne rumor 1 h* s runs in John Player 
four in the pnKcdmgBraud^ I cau * ht 

biu* worid junior champion- 1 0 kfc=i 7th ^ amid loud 

69. 288: D A Russel. 71 . 87. 75. 73. 
287: C Moody, 71. 70. 72. 74; O wntams. 
69, 74, 72. 72; G Tumor, 75, 69, 73. 70. 
28ft F Lae. 72.71,77, 88; E Darcy, 73. 70, 
75, 7ft M Moutand. 69. 74, 74. 7i . 289: P 
Parkin. 73. 71, 68. 76: J Moregn. 73. 68, 
72, 7ft W McCcfl. 72. 71. 7B, TO. 

By John Heonessy 

k-<GB) m 

Jaguar XJR-6. 84 lau; 4, D Wood (GB), J 

j (WG) and F Baiiabio pt), Pancm 
: laps: 5. G Spice (GB) and R Befl 
(GB). Pontiac Fiaro. 79. Point* (attar six 
races): 1, H Stuck (WG). D BeH(GB). 70;a 
Warwick, 54; 4, Larrauri. Pareto, 46; 6. E 
Clwever (GB). 41: 7. JeHnski. 39; 8. Brun, 
35: 9. Uessig. 29; 10, B WoOek (Fr), 26. 
• In superb style Andy Wallace 
dominated proceedings at 
Brand's Hatch yesterday taking 
the Cellnet Formula Three 
Superix Trophy and a share of 
the £25.000 prize fund (a Special 
Correspondent writes). 

The Warmastyle Racing for 
Britain driver took his Reynard 
853 VW to a massive lead soon 
after the start when his arch 
rival. Maurizio Sandro Sala, the 
Brazilian, retired. 

Martin Donnelly, of Ireland, 
never managed to catch Wallace 
who led throughout the 30-lap 
rain-soaked race. Donnelly had 
to be content with a lonely 
second place. Surprise of the 
meeting was Johnny Herbert, 
the Formula Ford 2,000 driver, 
who powered ahead of the far 
more experienced Formula 
Three field to take third place. 




TOOTING BEC Intor-flanks ChamptoraMpK 

Men: i. National Westnumtar. i98pts; 2. 

Ltovtf £ 163. 3. Barclays. 139 Woman: 1. 

Njnonal Westminster. 1*3: 2. Barclays, 100. 

3. Ucyg j . 76 


BUDWEI5£R LEAGUE lutay-oHst Nonftants 

StrtmprB'ocre 35. Plymoutti Admirals 8: 

London Ravens 69. Gieemnch Rams 0: 

CncHiroljta Ctwronoa 31 . Slough Sihnwtoclcs 

T. Fylde Fjtcons 36. Mugsetnjrgh Magnums 


BAFL (ptay-oiffc Nottingham Hoods 78. 
WatuJl Titans 26 


NORTH AMERICA: Fnday: A mortem 

Lcogoe: Boston Red So* 5. Kansas Crty 

Royals 3 Cjaroma Amjeis a Seattle Man- 

neis 2 C«e«fianrj hnojns 4. New votL 

lankors 3. Now Yort Yankees 5. CtevQtKld 

Indians 3. Dotrtst Tigers 5. Ctucago Whne Sax 

a Minnesota Twins 10 Oakland AtMmcs 1, 

ajiwnore Oroes 7. Toronto Blue Jays 3. 

Taia', Rangers 7, UtwaiAee Brawqrs 2-. 
Teias Rangers 8. MUwoufcco Brewers E. 

Nadonal Lsague: Prttstxji Jh Pwatea 4, Si 

Lous Coronals 0. PtwaaeWU Ptldbes 4, 

Cheap? Cubs 3 New Yort Mats 3. Montreal 

E«rcsi Houston Astros 6. Son Obego Padres 

3 Angetes Dodgers g. Cmtfnnan Reds S; Franasco Giants 3. Atlanta Braves 1 
Saturday: American League: Balt im ore On- 
o*-s 5 Toromo Blue Jays 2. Kansas City 

Reuats 13. Boston Red So* 2. Cleveland 

moans 6. New Yom Yankees 5. ClKaga 
wwp 5 oi 5 Detroit Tigers 3. Mmnesota 
Twms 8. Oakland AtMenes 0: Uhvavked 
Brewers 9 1e«os Rangers 9. Seaitle Man- 
ners 7 California Angels 3 NaUdnat League 
Los Angeles Dodgers 7. Cmcmao Reas 1; 
Ph.iaueijxid Pn*es 12. Ctvcogo Cutis a San 
Frannsco Gants 7. AaaiKa Braves S St Lous 
Cirdirais 7. PittsDurgn Pirates 3; New Yort 
a. Montreal E.pos I. Houston Astros 5. 
San Diego Padres 4 




42 48 



























N Ireland 





l at Man 















H Kona 























_ 1 

CYCLING^P^^MIn Tour o> Ub*m 

(al tenant 

Pagnut 3. P M 

some tune as wwmor. 

5Hr 23mm: 2, R 

4. M Amaocn. al 


AU9T1HAN LEAGUE: Austria Wfefl 5 SC 

Bsenstadt 3: Austria KlagenUn i. Varna 2 ; 

Sturm Gnu 2. Afflnira Wat*er 0: VOEST Uu 

0. LASH 1; FCS TrtU 3. Rand 1; VWerwr 

Sgwtkkm 5. GAK 0. 

TESTIMONIAL (Paul MM* Tottenham 
Honour 1. Glasgow Range's 1. 

OTHER MATCHES; Bedworttl a West 

Bramwicn Aituon O: Barvrck i. oartngion 1; 

BouTiemouth a. Bemnanam Cay t: Cetnc 1, 

Astwi Villa 0. Dordhestm- 0. Torouay 8: 

Dundalk 2. Ch4*wa 3. Dundee 0. Drndee 

U rated I Exeter C«v 0. Charlton Athletic Z 

Ha ImoriSwedanJO, Liverpool 3: Ox lord Cay i. 

Oxtom umtBd 3: Mneheao o. Newport 

County 5: Weymouth 1, Southampton 3: 

Swowfe i. Crystal Palace ft Red bmn D. 

Walsall 2: Sr Mrran 3. West Ham unted ft 

KtyiDo I Sweden) 0. Watfeni 8 


CENVER. Colorado. Women'* notional pro- 
am tournament Thud round leaders (US 
uileMSiawdl 2l1:0Ua5WV,68.73,7Q.21£ 
C Johnson. 70 70. 72 213: P Bradley, 71, 75, 
»• ■ * 4i«n. 73. 59. 72 218: u BlaaoMkter. 
IS 1 3- H Slac\. 72. 72. 72. A-M Pali (Ftl, 
■_0 .5. 70 217; S Utfle (SA). 70. 77. 70: J 
su’Dhpnswi lAus). <5. 72,70, N White. 73. 72. 
72. A Ben; 70. 76. 71. B Pearson. 69. 78. 7ft 
S Furtoiw 71. 73. 73. M Efl». 72. 72. 73; 
OAK BROOK, Hbnott: WestemOpaimma- 
ment Hard round feeden |U3urlK5< 


SAN OIEGO-. Women's touraement Singles: 
Seau-MoMs (US untess staled): S Retw m K 
Gamqerv6-3. 6-4, M Gurney bt C Kuhtman 6- 

2. 6- 4. Doubler Semhflnalr E Quran and R 
Fa*banfc(SA| ML McNeil and C Sure (Frj 6-4. 
7-5, B Herr and A Moton ut B Nagetson and a 
W hrteS-4.2-8.S4. 

WLVERSWfc Dutch Open: Singles: Seno- 
fbnb: J Hlaaek [Swe) M E Sanch02 (Sp) S-4. 
7-6. T Muster (Austria) tn M Oostmg tNeitil 8- 

9. 6- 1. FJnri: T Muster (Austria) lx J Hhsah 

ISwiB) 8-t. 6-3. B-3. DootatoK RnafcT SnwJ 
and M moot (Ci) Dt J Vekamans and T 

73. e 214: B Claar 72. 73. 69: D Mast GO, 73. 
<3 *15 Bp am pen 72. 7ft 73: S Senpson 89. 
i . 75. H Block 70. 73. 73: N Pnc»jSA(7t. ?i. 
73 T Punter 69. 70. 76. 216: R Codiran 78. 
70 S8 VPrw72.7i.73:BFawjn75.7l,7ft 
NFa«£iiGBl73 70. 73. B Upper 79. 67. 7ft B 


RAF HULLAVtngtoN: Open Ctam Nattonal 
ChonpmMhip*; Ooy three f295.lkm ouadn- 
lateral Huflawigum Lutterworth to Canton 
w Sic-e ManoMte and BuosMr. 
■ctnwe ixysn 33 ctaners. 12 freshers): 1. R 
Jonfit.NrtiSusa 75 8kph. i.oOOcs.Z.AKay. 
A5W53 7r 0.364.3, fifooLNimtjiis 3. 89.7. 
954 4 J Qlossw ASW 17 665. 931; S, J 
Tailor ASW 20PL MS. 924. O veratt i A 
Kay ASW 22. 2,184. 2 J GIOTSOO ASW 17. 
3tMt 3 K Home,. Nimbus 3. Z025; 4. R 
Fcnr Nimbus 3. 2.0! ft 5, J Edyvosn. Vantus 
B. 1 290. 


BRITISH LEAGUED Bradtord 33. Conttry 4& 
Kmtfa Lynn 35. Befto Vue 43. 

NATIONAL LEAGUE Siote 49. Peterborough 
28 : Cammurv 36, Rye Hduae 4 1 ; BerwKi' 47. 
Mdton Keynes 31. Pnopanwl: Eastbourne v 
Poole: MMenttafl v Long Eaton; MMamwe v 
Glasgow: Rye House « Exeter; Bolton v 

CHALLENGE MATCHES: Swindon 38. Bnttsh 
League Sefea 40: Cratfty Heath 42. Midlands 
Select 36. 


UNOOLN: Prudemtal .. . . . 

ship*- Men’s irtcka flnat 1. P Carmai |Frj. 
7.410 cits 2 P Mann F0. B.M0-.3. L Seoiaur 
(Frj. 6J10 Brihsh scorers. 7. A Hooke 5.020. 
B. A Mao CHe 4880; ft J BatUoday 4J2ft 11 . M 
Hewtaood 3.740. 

If Gary Player, as befits a 
sporting legend, claimed the 
limelight and the main share of 
the gallery at Mere Golf and 
my Club \ 

There was no sign of the neck 
injury which. Player had main- 
tained oh Saturday, had affected 
his game when he had allowed 
Coles to outdistance him by six 

•weii^oie s vwie^c aimro tne-uue-^strokeft-Player.-tiever-^ to dre style ’ of bis. But be - put ’ bis 
P?8BffL;g°«* afepy things by halves when tbe-press secbrtd fn a bunker at 13th, 

pnze money. . are m earshot, explained ihathe saw his opponent extract birdies 

had fractured his neck as a lad at the 14th, ISth and 17th, and 
when diving into, of all things, a 

Coles. A five at the tenth made 
the margin six. 

All that was left apparently 
was for Coles to amble home in 
that amiable pipe^nd-slippeis 

pnze money. . . : 

. With a final round of 68, two 
under par, and a total of 276. 
four under par. Coles won the 
Trusthouse Fone PGA Seniors 
championship for the second 
successive year and, with iL a 
cheque for £4,000. A late burst 
by Peter Butler, iikeColesan old 
Ryder : Cup warhorse, put 
jer, -indeed, in third place. 
iuUer (67 yesterday) finished 
only a stroke behind Coles and 
five ahead of Player (68). He 
won £2,750, Player £2,100, dis- 
regarding appearance money for 
the South African, variously 
estimated at between £20,000 
and £35.000. 

heap of compost. Yesterday be 
resisted the uige to pull foe other 

On a still day, made for low 
scoring, there never seemed 
much hope of Player closing the 
six stroke gap as Coles, striking 
the ball quite beautifully in his 
52nd' year, hauled : in. three 
birdies in the first five holes 
compared with Player's three. 

Nor did it seem likely that 
Butler could finally be in a 
position to mount such a chal- 
lenge, for he turned one under 
and so fell five shots behind 

ran out of fairway with a three 
wood at the steeply curving 
ISth. From a horrible fie be 
chopped an eight iron fortu- 
itously through a bunker and 
was relieved to get down in three 
more with Butler off the green. 
HNAL SOORE&276: N C Cotes (Expotefl 
7T. 70. 67. 68. 277-. P J Butter (#»&. 70 
71.69. 67. 2®fcG Placer (SA). 72, TO. 73, 
68. 287: C O'Connor (Royal DuWn), 70, 
72. 72. 73; H F J BpytejfowBl VWmWedorft 
75. 70. 71. 71. 289c JPanfon (retired). 75.- 
99.71, 74. 294: A Gates (Dunttam Forest). 
78, 71 . 71. 74; N V Draw (Bangor). 76.70, 
78. 70. 296: M PhjnftridBa ^rookmans 
_ 71. 73, 76. 76; D T Bunto 

Courfl. 73. 74, 78. 73: M 
Unolan). 71. 7ft 79, 76.29ft 
(Limteckt 7ft 72. 80. 68. 


ships. The British eight won foe 
small final narrowly from Italy. 

The coxless pair's race was 
remarkable. In the first 500 

metres, tbe Yugoslav crew went 

into an early lead, followed by 

the Soviet Union and Great 
Britain. Subsequently, the lead 

changed twice, but in the last 

250 metres foe Yugoslavs drew 

away from the Soviet Union 

whilst the British boys mounted 

a furious attack. Great Britain 
moved ahead to take the silver. 

An hour later, Britain's 
coxless four took their silver 

medal in another breathtaking 

finish in which they snatched 

second place from foe Canadian 

crew by .017second. . 

MEffc Cexod Toora: 1, Czechoslovakia. 
4:5tL5& O M b to Saab: L German 

Democratic Repub 6 c. SOO. 8 S. Coxfeet 

Petae: 1 , Yugoatexia, 5:1257: 2 Great 

Britain, 5:1576; 3, Soviet Union. 52086. 

Stetfaa Softs- 1. hfty. 5G8m Cosed 

Pike 1, Soviet, &3ft94. Confess Fores: 

1. Soviet Union, 43064; 2, Great Britain 
457.79; 3, Canada. 45750 Quadropta 

SaftK 1 . Sovtot Union. 4.-4154. EtaMs: 1 . 

Soviet Union. 45202 S t— Bfinete: Cosed 

Fores: 1 . GDR, 55324; 5, Orest Britain, 

55652 DouHtes . Softs: . 1 . Norway, 

5:1218; 5. Graft EHtain, 5:1751. EtfUs 

1 , Oeat Britain, ‘435.79. 

WOAtEN: Smaa FtasteCorced Fore* 1 , 
Czechoftovakte. 55959; 2 Graft Britain. 

5:45.60. DouMse Softs 1, Switzerland. 

5*1.64; 3. Great Britain. 5:4449. Cozless 

Pain: 1 . Great Britain. 6:01.21. Caxsd 

Foure: 1, GOR, £19.79. DovMss Softs: 1 . 

“ jarla. 535.05. Coateu Pstn: 1 .GDR. 

5:48.00- Siofte Softs: 1 . GDR, 5585ft 

Qoadni^e Sodfe: 1. GDft &012& 
BgMaeOTR 4515ft 


cheers and some booing, 
Botham came on. He majes- 
tically assisted Roebuck to set a 
field, and then bowled a wide, 
which produced hearty laughter 
all round. But he took a couple 
of wickets, the first to a magnifi- 
cent running catch by Harden at 
long-om the second giving us the 
opportunity to see again the 
famous heavenward-pointing 
Ibw appeal. 

Botham then opened the 
Somerset innings, but soon a 
blow intended for a straight six 
resulted a lofted return catch. 
Richards was run out and soon 
Somerset . were drooping. 
Somerset needed 56 in five 
overs and never looked like 
ting them until Palmer and 
Nos 7 and 8, scored 
18offthe I8tb over. 

In the final over, with nine 
runs needed, Marks stroked two 
consecutive twos, then scooped 
a six on the third ball to win the 



DM Smith b Richards 

G A Hick b Richards — 

DN Patrtb Davts , 

- 1 

_ 4 


*P A NMtec Marks b Tutor 15 

D 8 D’OSrelra c Harden 6 Bottom 23 

tSJ Rhodes not out 12 

NV Radford Ibw bBoftam 1 

C P PluApson not out 

Extras <b 1.K»5.Mt4) — 

Total (5 wkts. 20 ovsre) .... 

A M Green, D A Reeve. A C S PttJOtt are! A 
N Jones did rot wt. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-14. 2-16, 3-28. 4 . 
39. 5-53- 

BOWUNG: Lever 4-0-19-1 : Toptey 4-0-19. 
2 Gooch 4-0-22-0; Pnngte Lfl-U-fl; 
Foster 4-0-16-1. 

Umpires-' B DudteSton and P 8 Wight. 




By Peter Ball 

Lancashire 2pts. Yorkshire 2. 

Manchester escaped the wont 
of the rain yesterday, but not 
successfully enough to produce 
a result. After Lancashire bad 
scored IS4 in their 40 overs, 
Yorkshire's decision to accept 
an offer of bad light after seven 
overs for tactical reasons was 
greeted with hostility, Moxon 
having to be pulled away from 
one critic on the pavilion steps 
by his partner, Neil Hanley, but 
it rebounded on them as rain set 
in soon after to wash out playfor 
the day. 

Initially indebted to Fowler, 
who was in determined mood if 
not at his most fluenL Lan- 
cashire made, only cautious 
progress against some accurate 
bowling, backed by excellent 
outfielding by Neil Hartley, and 
a spectacular catch at deep 
square-leg by his namesake to 
remove Lloyd before he could 
commence an assaulL 
The blemishes in Yorkshire’s 
fielding, however, were costly. 
Fowler had been dropped twice 
on his way to his 50 in 31 overs, 
and the ret uni of Peter Hartley 
and Jarvis - after notably tidy 
spells in the middle of the 
innings by Carrick, Shaw and 
Fletcher — at last enabled Lan- 
cashire to escape the leash as 73 
came from the last eight overs. 

The light had not been good 
throughout Lancashire's in- 
nings. When Yorkshire began, it 
had deteriorated; and after 
seven 'overs, and the loss of 
Metcalfe, they accepted the 
umpires* invitation with alac- 
rity, to the vocal displeasure of 
the members in front of the 


G 0 Mentis c Motcatte b Hetcber 18 

G Fowler c Metcatfe b P J Hartley 71 

*C H Lloyd c P J Hartley b Carrick 2 

NHFftronftwrrwiout 20 

J Abrahams not out - 41 

P J W Alton c Ftatchor b P J Hartley _ 8 
— 3 
. 21 

M WaWnson not out 
Extras (to 18. w 3) 

Totft (5 wlrt*. 40 overs) 



ran out. 


_ 1 
__ 7 
> 13 



1,500 metres; 

FINAL 1. S Cram (Erg) 3min 5057sec 
(Games record): 2 J Gladwin (Eng) 

35217: 3. 0 Campbe* (Can) 35406! 

Hamson (Engl 354.44: 5, P Bourte (Ausj 
354.48: 6. PSammeUIAus) 3.-5S28; 7. S 

Mart*! IN- Ire) 355.42 S. M Hftardt (Ausl 

35650: 9. N HorsMd(Wal) 357.06; Ift J 
Robson (Sect) 35720. 

4 x 100 metres relay - 

FINAL: 1, Canada (McKay. 

17.70m; 4, G Savory (Eng) 1751m; S, R 

Vanter (C»fl 1726m; 6 . J Mims (Auft 

1ft89m; 7. L CTOmbul (CanllftBBm: ft S 

Peering (Wal) 1ft79m. Mmtat E 

Irymo (Scott 16.73m; A Vinca (Eng) 

16.68m; J fWtos (Mire) 1592m; S 

Satctnvei (Jar) 15.47m. 


RNAL: 1. D Otttey (Eng) 80.62m; 2 M WB 
(Big) 7ft56nr; 1 GT I 
7622m; 4, O Brand- 
Mahovflch (Can) 

(Can) 7058m; 7. C 

3. G Lovagrova (NZ) 
snd-IEng) 7270m; 5. M 
71.42m; 6 . P MassfeRsr 


ft M Keen (Aus) 68.14m. 



1^00 metres 

FINAL: 1 . K Wade (Wal) 4min 10.91 nc; 2 
D Bowkar (Can) 4:11.94; 3, L VUHBams 
(Can) 4:1266; 4, C Boxer (Eng) 4:1284; 5, 
Y Murray (Scot) 4:1436; 6 .T: Pfrtanger 
(N2) 4 : 10 . 81 : 7, P Just (Aus) 4:17.13; ft L 
MacOougaa (Soot) 4:1 735; 9. A Hare (NZ) 
4:17.56,1a S Mortey (Eng) 43638. 

4 x 100 metres relay 

(Ouim. Cook, Baptiste. 
... . 2 Canada (Batov. 

Lawrence. Pntopa. Issafenko) 43.63: 3. 

Wales (Mtos. Morris. Snon. Smart) 4537; 

Tnpte lump . 4. Scotland (Gavan. Jeffrey. Brtdgeman, 

FMALjt.j Herbert (End) 1737m (Games wwoaker)4S.B4. Australia dx) not ftfrato 
record); 2 M Makin (Big) 1ftB7m; 3. P 4 - «U)~mptnw rvOnw 
Beames (Ausj 16.42m: 4. G Haney (Aus) ZA7 WU . fnelre3 rela Y 
16.16m: S. A Moora (Era) 164J7m: 0 . G 

15^ti! ft^ Fto^TjCan) \SJS8m! (SC °' } A ^S2 l, iraSS!S2' 

Chnt Cook) 33232 3. Australia (Chapmen. 

22?? , o „ , Stewart Schwa ss. FSntotfl 33256 ; 4 , 

FINAjL: 1. B Cote (Eng) Ift’Brrc 2 J Scotland CWlMMkar, Purvis. Kttctien. Hw- 
Qugtey (Aus) 1757m.- 3. S GyngeO (Aus) onaavesL3:4236 

Wiliams. Johnson) 39.1 Ssoc; 2 England 

(Asquuii. Thompson. McFarfane, 
caflender] 39.19: 3. Scotland (Henderaon. 

McCollum. Sharp, Burnevl 40.41; 4. Fit 

(Bole, Rodan. Miter, Yavala) 43 . 11 . 

Austraba drsquakfied. 

4 x 400 metres relay 

FINAL: 1. England lAkofausL Black, Ben- 
nen. Brawn) 3m in D7.i9sec: 2 Australia 
(Frayne. Murphy. Johnston. Cork) 

-3.-07.01: 3. Canada (Skerrttt, Smart. Gra- , 

ham. Mahom) 3.08.69: 4, Scodend (John-- - ™AL i 1 . 
Ston. McKean. Faroes, Whlttls) 3-18.03 P®*"®! 43 

Botswana riequakfied. 




RNAL STAMDINase 1 . I DicWson (NZ) 
SBpts: 2 lSchuback(Aus) 1 & 3 R Carafe 
(Sera) 18. 


FINAL STANDINGS; 1. Scotland. 24pts; 2 
Canada. 1 & 3, England 16. 


RNAL STANDWQS:.U Wales, IZpts; 2 
Canada. 15; 3 N Ireland. IftT 




ISpts: 2 S McCrone (Scot) 1 ft 

Andafson (Bot) 14. 


reiALSTANDMGftl.N Ireland, 18 pts ;2 
Guernsey. 15; 3 England. 12 


FINAL 5TAMHNG& 1 . Wales. 20pts; 2 
Australia. 1 ft 3, England. IB. 

1. Canada (Crooks, Payne. 
3c Richardson) 3mm 28-S2sec; 


* 105-mile read race 

FWALPOSmtJNH: 1 , P Curran ( 

tern SOsac; 2 B Fowler (NZ) 8 ameL_ 

3; JLaslte (Aus) same Bme: 4. 0 Dam 

(Eng) at 2rtrtn 29s«r, 5. G Nfitor (NZ) same 

,Aus > « 231: 7 , s cox 

(NZl M235: 8. A . WQson (Scot) at 329: 9, A 
Gon^ 1 (Eng) at 3:45; 10. C U^whtte (&ig) 

W 090- 





FINAL: S Baddeiey (Eng) btSza Yu (Aus) 
15-8, 15-fl. 


FtNAli B GriHand and O Travers (Sco4 bt 
A Goode and N Tier 15-8. 15-5 (Eog)- 



FWALH Trofce (Eng) tt f flfott (Eng) 11 - 

FINAL: G dart and G Gowere ■ 

Fatardeau and D Jufaon (Can) If 

Mixed doubles 

- geo} MJ Osborne and M Krtan (NZ) 22 - 


Swaatand ID. New Zealand 33; Scotland 
(S Gourlay, A Evans, J Mercies. F White) 
24: Northern Ireland 14; Canada 15. 
Austrate 17: FH IS. Wales 1 ft Hong Kong 
19. Australia 14. 



FINAL: S Olsen (Can) bt M Epton (Eng). 

ps. . . . - 




FINAL: J Lyon (Eng) bt 

(Swaz). te> 2ra 


L Makhanyx 

FMAL: M Scandotera and A Tudcey (Aus) “2"»niweigin 
bt A Goode and FEBtott (Eng} 15-7; 15-5. FJNAtj S Murphy (Eng) bt R Nasti (N Ire}, 

BOWLS Featherweight 

FINAL: W Dowrwy (Can) bt P Enflfiart 


HNAL: ABif oar (Can) M N HaddcWK (Waft' 
\kolst - 

Light wetterweigtit 

HNAL: H Gram (Can) bt D.CUncfe (Aus), 


FINAL: D Dyer (Eng) bt J McASster(Sco>. 

Light middleweight 

HNAL! □ Sherry (Can) bt R Finch (Aus). 


HNAL: R Dongas (Big) bl J Hjutung 

Light heavyweight 
HNAL* j Moran (Eng) U H Lawton (Sco). 



Htfi tx Le Msrguand 2f-18- 


20; Jon« and CoutoA bt J TfMdknqr and ' 
R Mascarenhas (Bot) 20-1 7: Wlfewe and 
Perkins bt R McCutchaon and D HamHton 
(N trej' 19-18: Aaram and Knox bt Black 
and Henncks 27 . 14 : D Ward and C Ward 
bt M ftofle and W Crawtard (Gu») 


a Kong 20 , Wales 14; New Zealand 
25. Scotland (G Robertson. M Graham, w 
Harknesa. J Boyle) 17; Guernsey 10 . 
Swaziland i9:Engltod24 l Hu 17; Canada 
IS. Australia 1 ft 

Pairs ' 

AcWand and Pomeroy bt McMahon and 
ZakOBke 33-19. G Boyle and N MuirtateM 

RNAL: J Paau (NZ) M O Young (Soft Ko 
3 v&* 

Fm^ L Lento (Can) bt A Evans (Waft rac 

2 nd. 

100 kBogtams 
. fmau C Davto (Can) ht R Algie (NZ). 

57 kilograms 
FINAL: M Ostberg.fCan) bl S RdnfteW 
XNZV - - • ... 

62 kilograms 

FINAL; P Hughes (Can) bt D Gumming 

52 kilograms 
FINAL: C woodcraft (Can) bt J McAtery 

SO kilograms * 

(Sco) bt A Thompson (Aus) 

FINAL: N Loban (Eng) btO Cox (Can). 

74 kflograms 

(Eng) bt C McNeil (SCO). 

HNAL: G Hottnes (Can) bt G Marsh (Aus). 

68 kflograms 
(Gig) bt C McKay (Sco). 

FlNALiD McKay (Can) btZKelevta (Aus). 

130 kOograms 

FWALs w Bnghtwefl (pan) bt A Patrick 

48 kflograms 

R Moncur (Crai) bt D _ 

Concluding bout m group. No I 
Medals decided on group pfeemga. 

82 kilograms 1 

HNAL: C BrUe (Can) MW Koenig (toe). 


Botham makes 
a modest 

By Peter Marson 

. Ian Botham's dramatic -re- 
entry into the big time— a flurry 
of sixes and fours bad decorated 
his innings of 94 for an England 
XI on Friday last — was tem- 
pered by a relatively tame 
bowling performance for 
Somerset against Worcester- 
shire at Weston-super-Mare, 
yesterday, where Curtis alone 
.played down the wrong line to 
become Botham’s single success 
at a cost 'of 70 runs from 20 

..This anti-dimactic twist had. 
been the result of a combined 
operation on the pan of the first 
five in Woroestmshiie’s baaing 
order, and in particular of the 
left-handed David Smith, 
Worcestershire's own giant, who 
displayed a nice sense of theatre 
by upstaging Somerset's star 
turn in a big innings of 165 not 

Curtis made 64, and Neale 70, 
and if this was unquestionably 
Worcestershire's day, then 
Coombs, the slow-left arm 
bowler, with Richards’s help, 
had done Somerset a great 
favour by brin g in g down 
Graeme Hick for a modest 25. 

Middlesex, too. will have 
been well satisfied, not to say a 
touch relieved to have punched 
a - sizable hole in 
Northamptonshire's attack at 
Lord’s, where Mike Gatling 
made 158 as Middlesex banked 
four points on foe way lb 353 for 

At Cheltenham, where Hamp- 
shire chose to field first, Mar- 
shall. Connor, Tremlen and 
James complemented 
Nicholas's decision by com- 
bining to brine down 
Gloucestershire for 201. in 63.4 

Saturday’s scores 

CHELTENHAM: Gtoucattar 201 (634 
ove rs): H ampslwa 127 lor 5 (46 owers). 
CANTERBURY: Kant 329 lor 8 tteC<foO 

.Extras (to 7, wS. nb 1 ) — 

Total (8 wkts. 24 overs) 

A P Prtdgaon cM not baL 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-5. 2-Z7, 367, 444, 

5-114,6-131, 7-135,5-136. 

BOWUNG: TWar 4440-1; RichareteftO- 
25-2: Marks 30-21-0: Palmer 3-0-20-1 : 
Davte 50-26-1; Both*!) 44-162. 

IT Botham c and bPrtdgaan , 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1 -51. 2-57, 3-105, 4- 

S J O'Staughnessy, tJ Sfenworth. A 
Sunmora ana A N Hayrturgt did not bBL 
BOWLING: Jarvb 51-38-0: P J Hartlay 5 
D-49-2; Ftefeber 8-0-33-1; Shaw 8-0-27-0; 
Carnck 80-19-1. 


M 0 Moxon notout 17 

A A Metcatta Ibw b ABott A 

SHHarttwrotom rIS 

Extras (to 5) S 

B C Rose c and b BOngworth 
i V A Richards ran vuf 

R J Harden e Rhodes 5 McEwan . 
N A FWtan c Rhodes b MeEwan . 
VJ Marks not out 

GVPaimdrp Radlord 
M R Daws rot out — 
Extras (tb 4. w3) 

_ 3 



Total (I wld, IZowore) . 

Total (6 wkts. 193 owns) 125 

*P M RoebudCfT Gard and NS Taylor cto 

. jnothaL . 

[. FAU-OF WICKETS: 10, 22ft 302.408. 
M2. 6:115. 

BOWLING: Radford 5008-1; Pridoaon 
4A0094; Hingwonh S0250;‘MSwn 

Umpires: H D Bird and J H HampsMre. 


PERote»on.J DL ov«,*tOLBalrs«ow.P 
Carrick. p J Hartley. S D Fletcher. P W 
Jenna and C Shaw did rot bat 

BOWLING: Watkmson 50- (60; Allott 6 - 1 - 


■Umpires: M J KHcrten and B Laadbeater. 

No play yesterday 

John Player 

Special League - - •« 

CMrrgRBUWY: Kent » Leica s w raW re. . 

Mkfdtesax v Northamptonshire. 
NOTT WOHAS t Nc«a >r Glamorgan. 
EOGBASTltefc Warwickshire v&irray. - 

Wright gets a fright 

9DV. *Pf sr ” 

DERBY: The New Zealanders, 
with all first innings wickets in 
hand, are 366 runs behind 

John Wright had to face only 
three balls before rain cut short 
' his ' confrontation with his 
county, Derbyshire, at Derby 
yesterday. However, that was 
time enough for the New Zea- 
land vice-captain to find the fast 
bowler, Devon Malcolm, in 
anything but friendly mood as 
he opened the New Zealanders* 
firet mniqgs after Derbyshire 
had batted on to 366. 

Malcolm’s first two HalH 
caused -Wright 

tiated Malcolm's third ban be- 
fore heavy rain set in to rule out 
further play. 

.The ov ®™«8ht batsmen, Geoff 
Miller and Alan Warner, had 
both goner, on to make 30 as 
D erby advanced from 276 for 
six. Warner's came from 55 balls 
and included two sixes, off 
Derek Stiriing and Willie Wat- 
son. as he added 70 from IS 
overs with Miller. One six brake 
the window of the scorer’s boix, 
covering New Zealand scorer 
Brace Cuigenven with 

J Barnett c Smith 

B-JUlfalw ran cut 


uj take swift 

evasive action as they leapt c Smart b strtng 

at hi* head from a • an5ffi£2!?A22»— - 
mfler than true bouncer length. 

Weighs, who has been with 
Derbyshire since 1977, said: 

“Those two were the quickest 
I've received on this tour.” 

Derbyshire think- they might 
have a real pros p e c t in Mal- 
colm, aged 23. He has ironed out 
stuttering rao-up problems and 
throuah. residence- will be quali- 
England in 1990. At foe 


- 23 


J P Taylor not out "IZi 

Extras fil l. 104. nbi) • , 









200, 5-230, 6-268. 7039. 8041, 9053 1CL 


4- l00-1:Barre« 

5- 2-10-0; 

: Watson 38- 
71-2; M 0 Crow* 

moment his opportunities are <*** ***- 

Ho'ldio^ 11 * of ■ SSf»i2£.=_ ■ 

~ . . rc . presence as 
LTertjysnire s number one over- 
seas bowler. 

Wright, who bagged a pair in 
j® 1 *? CornhiiiT^t against 
England at Lord’s, safely nego- 





roghtnotcut ” Jj 

Total (no wM) ™ "Ti 

‘Wfates R JUBan and D Uoyd. 

Britanmc Assurance 

v New 

OLD TRAFFORD: Lsncauhre 170 (750 GIOUGB V Hants 

' ~*N lewdUBY; Kent v Lflitat 

wn) (MtodJs 54, Jarvis 4 (or 36): 

LORD'S! MkWfesex 353 tori 
r 50 not out, Oowilon ! 

379 far 4 (Smart 165 not out Neato 70. 


EASTBOURNE Sussex 346 (93- 

£ M Vim 106. Lenham 6ft fteter.5 tori 
f. Essex 49 for 1 nSOwra). 


E^TBOURNE: Sussex v Essex 

Tour Match 

V IB. 92 overs minimum) 

Sj re Derb » shl ™ 


■■matai yDUMlKS rUlftllllftftMUbi' 


gg^foorte. track awaptoW 


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Today’s television and radio programmes and Peter Davalle 

6.00 CeefaxAM. 

620 Breakfast Tires with Frank 
Bough and Guy 

r MIcheliTlbre. Weathe^at - . 

' - £55, 7.29, 7.55, £25 and: 
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727,7JS7 and£27;-r' 

. » national and In ternationa! . 

news at 7 JO. 7 JO, £00^ 

** L8.30 and 9.00; sport at - • 
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i gossip-8t732;anda 

review of the morning^' : 
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* J. guests include the twt L 
editor of the New - 
i j ststasman^ohn-Usyct c - 
£20 Dtafley Do-flWd. Cartoon 

. adventure serial gbdat*...; 

•W ■ ■ lifiA 1 — *~ m 

6.15 Good Momkid Britan "'•• 
presented by Mite Moms 
and Anneka Rica. News 
■ wtffi Gordon Honeycombs: 
at 6.30; 7.00, 7.30, X00, , 
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6.40 and 7.45;exsrdses at 
• 6,5ft Popeye cartoon* . : 

„ . -ejidJbwny Greaves’s-. 

. . television ntalttghts ait ■ 

8.45 Wacadey presented by 
Timmy Maflett, 

£25 Thame* news headlnes^ 
•;^'foflowBdbyElwcinatin|i ." 
•- . ' TTbaBMct The country J 



* °rkshs 


9 JO Newsround Special 
l ~ Detweiy, presentod by 
i. — John Craven from stage of 
the Radio 1 Roadshow at - 
Pwllheli. £55 The . 

!> Adventures of BuBwMde 
’t; ■ ■ and Rocky. Part one of . 

Greer^emt Oogle.(r) 
IttOffJWiy Don't Yoi^-idaas for . 
^^ yoiSigsters.With.ttma op: : 

^ AvwrhandMtJ -■ « 
Adventures of Buflwmfen / 
-7 and Ropicy-'Pait tvwj. (rt : 

• tDJO Play School 1050 ' 
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1JM News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore and Sue 
1 Caipentar, includes news 
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weather. 1J0 Postman 

' rfrtftSS Theflinosaur Age 
T0.10 Robosfixy. FreqOT- ' 
-T made 'cartObn series, about 
a group ol robots who Sve 

on a farTa way planet 

10J5 Brf *h AcWevemirjL The 
FaSdanderstaBc about 
theri^nds, their own 
- vrey of fife and what the 
futurahokisfbrthem. ; • 
s: - ; ^tlkdPTherWii^Sles, ” 
--- ■ - Catbdsaeriafabdut &x -v 
unusual bears 11JS 

11.30 About Brteirt. Shetland.- ’ - 
' theflretofaseriesof . 

. ' .programmes this wemc on 
Secmnd's kiterestimi 


iSESSS' ' \ Who tost ft String. « - 
' bfcf , 1 12jP A Change For the Bettor 
prograirone. ipfme.peanng I — firdean-Coooe answers 

12J0 Alphabet Zoo. Nerys 

Hughes and Ralph McTe 
with Queenie the Quail. ( 
12.10 Ufa Pretend tod 
.liU'of The Double Ba6s 

The maize beaters, VaBish- 
ing Earth, BBC2, 10pm. 

£55 Open Umarthy: Maths - 
Modern Stock Control 
- Ends at 7.20 
£00 Cssfax. 

;&2S flews summary with 
: - sabtitles.WBamer. •• 

;£30 Whits Hones. The first of 

Ovee- programmes 

following the progress of 
Hobei Hanbury-Tenison 
and Itis wife louefb. They 
■ decided to buy two more 
horses for their farm in 
Cornwall and want to the 

pair of me area's : 
celebrated whftseteeds. 

progrt'mQ forthehsan 1 
Impaired 2.10 Caafax. 
3^*5 Home oftSonday. 
Cliff Micheimora meres . 
•- ;• novelist Catherine • -- 
• Cookson at her Borders 
*' v - Country home, (shown 
yesterday) (Ceef ax) 422 

— Ordean-Coopb answers 
woman’s questions on 
coplhgwitnttie ■ r 
menopause, (r)’ • . . 

120 - Nevn at One vrith Leonard 
Parkin 120 .Thames news 

scartobd series satin 
Jq:7 anblentflomeAjtt H«dk 
v. Drama seriaLaboot j 

rr. oSte’^formingArts' 
*■:■■■ production of Othello Is 
; ^ 4 put in jeopardy te a 
• teachers strike. (?) 

4l 0O News with Nicholas 
WitcheH and Andrew 
iri -Hap«yJJteBfher. ; ; 

XOO Wogpn- Amongt^rtgbfs. . 
/ VTT. , gueSs' art Lpqano XV-“4 
t Pftvardtti; RobertMftxwptf ~ 

~ a song from Elizabeth 

Si Welch. 

*£& The Rock VRol Years, 
r*. * 1969 -the year Buzz' 

* Aldrin landed on the moon; 

. and Edward Kennedy . 

* p - landed In the 

120 Bbn: FoBow a Sta- 0959) . 
l.~ -'EteWngNo^iWi Wisdom:' 
f-r -'.and Jur®tavftrlcK-F^feg: 

. fifing rear, Yrenwj' *: 

■ - Carew. cffscovw^ihe. : . 

talenterfbut nervous ■ • 

■- Norman Truscott has a 
wonderful voice and - 
releases Trn scott's 
recordings as Ms own. 
Dkectedby Robert Asher. 
325 Thames news 
headMnes‘320 The Young 
• Doctors. Medical drama 

- sbribl sarin a large - 
420 AlphabetZoo. Arepeatotf ■ 
the programme shown ftt . 
... . noon. 4.10 The Moomi ns. 
Cartoon series, (i) 420 
She-Ra, Princess of 
* Power. Animated science 
fiction series - 
4.45 Dramarema: Meureen 

them home, they decided 
_to.dde them all me way. . 
back to Comwafl. lr) 

CM pare: Charfie Chen in . 
Shanghai* (1935) starring 
Warner Otand as the 
oriental sleuth, this 
evening back hi his native 
country on the traB of 
.members of an ... 

■ . .. jntematkxmldrugs ring. . • 
.- Directed by James TTrwng 
7.10 Undor Sitit The Lovely . 

Irene. For 50 years the 
■ ■ Bridgewater ketch, Irene, ■ 
plieathieBritish coastal 
waters. When her days 

• Onfy foote or idealsts 
would ctehn that the prospect of 
two 10.00pm documentaries 
about the ecotogica!, social and 
commercial repercussions of 
sofl erosion (VANISHING 
EARTH, on BBG2)andthe 
sockHiotitics of tne coffee bean 
(COMMODITIES, Channel 4), 
wiU make the skin tingle with 
excitement or Imsnsfly the 
ratings war between BBC and 
(TV. But for those viewers 
who have not switched off their 
powers of intelligent 
concentration at two hours to 
midnight both films can be 
recommended. Vanishing Earth 
is a two-parter: soil tonight 
water tomorrow night firs the 
Work of Michael Andrews 
who made Flight of the Condor, 
and the man’s environmental 
concern is again everywhere 
apparent as betakes nte 


220 How to Be Celtic. The 
Cornish Celts and the 
Gatidans. (ri 

320 American Snort Story: 

RappacckiPs Daughter, 
... by NrehanM Hawthorne. - 
Set in 1 8th century Italy, 
the story of a young man’s 
" loveTof a cursed beauty 
who has been cloistered 
after undergoing a 
dlaboBcal experiment by 
her doctor father. Starring 
KristotferTabori and 
Kathleen Belter, (r) 

420 Dancin’ Days. Continuing 
the Brazilian-made soap 
opera about a woman re- 
adjusting to Rio Hte after a 

’s desire to 

were over she might have 
undergone the fafe of a 
number of her sisters and 
be converted to a 
. houseboat But her new 
- pwner has restored her to 
ihejiffand trinrsihe • 

-on joyed wtienahe first put 
: r - . -to sea hi 1M7. (fjl •• 

720 -GpepSpacaj: Homeland. : 
• * ' This first of fourlilms. 
about people who flve in 
Britain but have roots 
abroad features Eton Poti 




. ioratewmorrthsofco 
and strevation, - 
... British arenotthe only. 

. enemy , as a youp of ' 
officers from among his 
own ranks have joined 
General Gates who 
intends to relieve 
Washington of his 

1020 Vanfateig Earth. The first 
tff a new two-part series 
oo the subjects of soil and 
water, narrated by Sue 
MacGregor, (see Choice) 

ms beleaguered 
customers and suppliers 
puts the Mother Goose 
fey School in jeopardy. 
Starring Sonia Braga. 

520 SMents, PtoaM*. A 
condensed version of 
Clarence Brown's The 
Eagle In which Rudolph 
- Valentino plays the role of 
a Russian Hotel Hood in 
an adapation of the novel 
by Pushkin. With VSma 
Banky and Louse 

620 The Pocket Money 
Programme. Financial 
advice for children, from 

620' Young and OkL A 
. documentary, made hi the 
Belfast Shipyards, that 
contrasts two generations 
oftechnology. A young 
boy Is taken on a tour of 
the yards by N* 
grandfather. There they 
see the modem super- 
tankers and take atrip on 
a steam-powered boat 
720 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons includes a 
report from the 
Conionweatth Summit 
720 Comment With Ms views 
on a topical matter is Dr 
Mark Comer, a lecturer In 
religious studies. Weather. 
820 Brookskfe. Ann^wHe is 
deflghted to be accepted 
tor magisterial training, 
and Rod asks her fora 
. reference for Ms police 
application. Meanwhile, 

■ Bobby apes back to work : 
' ; • ' but finds ne fifndt waritBd. 
820 nt Curran. The smooth- 
tafldng entrepreneur’s 
business, Curran and 
Associates, is stU fiving on 
crate and, on the face of 
it, not a likely target tor a 


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famous wnos ilwn Boy other 
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production of 


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“Hitanous." s. Tunes 
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cameras to Ethiopia, Nepal end 
China. CommocBtias, now hi 
the fourth wsek of its run, has 

ruffled some feathers - a 

remarkable effect when you 
consider that to date, ttfi as 
examined such traditionally r>or>- 
pderMcal topics as tea and 
sugar. And even though we aft 
know that coffee stimulates - 
the nervous system, Jonathan 
Curling's and Sue Clayton’s 
curiously effective amalgam of 
actuality end simulation 
reveals some unsuspected truths 
about the way toe wonder 
bean has also kept commerce 
and politics in a state of 
maximum alertness ever since 
the first revivifying cupful of 
the brew was swallowed. 

• Because aH hands, except 

( Radio 4 ) 

Or: long wave. VHF variations at 

525 Shipping. 620 News Briefing: 
Weath«\8.l0 Farming 
Week. 625 Prayer forme 
fey (s) 

620 Today, ind 620,720, 

820 News. 6.45 

-- - Business News. 625, 725 - 
Weather. 7.00, 820 
News. 725, 825 Sport 746 
Thought for the Day 
825 The Week or 4. 

Programme previews - 
823 Lake Wobegon Days. 

Written and read in ten 

her two iBegfthnate children's and 
a warm-hearted PC's , are 
turned against poor Hazel 
O'Connor in the first episode 
of Gareth Jones's drama serial 
9.30pm),.our credulity is sorely 
tried. But this actress is so 
good at creating an aura of 
invincibility around her that, 
despite the awful things that men 
and the city of Bristol keep on 
doing to her, wg Bnd up Oefleving 
that she might actually end up 
winning what the title song 
(written and sum by Miss 
O'Connor) desenbw as “ the 
fight for the right to be 

• Radio choice: historic 
mono recorcfings, only now . 
available in theTJK, in New 
Records (Radio 3. 220pm). 

Peter Davalle 

720 News 
725 The Archers 
720 On Your Farm 
7.45 Science Now-In 

under Slatkln). 920 

£05 This Week's Composer 

WtegenHed (with 

Cotin Tudoe passes through 
some of the leading 
laboratories and discovers 
what makes them and 
their staff tick. - 
£15 The Mondw Play. Nettle 
Baer, by WitBam Grant 
' With Derek Newark; Tessa' 
Worsley, Bafne Ctexton 
and Keith Drinkel.The 
repercussions of a man's 

(1) £57 weather Travel 
920 News 

£05 Start the week with _ 
Richard Baker (s) 

1020 News; A Small Country 
LMig (new series).' The 
. return of Jeanine McMullen 
and her al fresco series. 

the Wall, by 

1025 Daily Service (s) 

1120 News; Travel Down 
. You- Way. Brian 
. . Johnston visits Newhave 
East Sussex (rVs) 

1128 Poetry Please! Listeners 1 

John Mote (s) 

1220 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice, with 
Pattte Cokfwefl. 

1227 Counterpoint. Musical 
knowledge quiz chaired 
bj^NedSnerrinfs). 1225 

1.00 TheWbridAtOnaiNews 

120 The Archers. 125 

220 News; Woman’s 

Hour. Includes a feature 
about the new film SM and 
Nancy, the story of the 

420 Welsh Arts 

ten reports on the Welsh 
arts scene, presented by 
Jane Dauncey. 

520 PM. News Magazine. 

£50 Shipping. 525 

£00 News; Financial Report 

620 The News Quiz (s)7WUi 
Barry Took, Richard 
Ingrams, Irma Kurtz. Vatorte 
Singleton and Alan 

£45 Welsh Arts Week. Pater 
Stead investigates the 
ideas behind st Donat's 
Music Theatre. 

. 10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

Under a Monsoon Cloud, 
by H R F Keating, abridged hi 
ten perts (6). Reader: 

Sam Castor. 1029 Weather 
1020 The Wortd Tonight 
11.15 The Financial mild 

1120 A Touch of Midas? First 
of five programmes on 
famous people who made it 


odds.Tortght Michael Caine 
1220 Kews; Weather. 

1223 Shipping - 
VHF (av8abte m England and S 
Wales only) as above 
except£H-620am Weather; 
Travel 125>220pm 
Listening Comer (s) £50-525 
PM (continued). 1120- 
12.10am Open IMversity: 
1120 We War With Rude 
Nature 1150 A Portrait of 
Adam Smith. 

( Radio3 ) 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 

625 Weather. 720 News 
7.05 Concert Dukas (La 
Peri), Debussy (ties 
coflkies (TAnacapri and other 

works fromPrel odes, 

Book 1: Benedetti 
Mkcheiangefi). Massenet 
. (Meditation. Thais: 

Mining, violin}, Wagner (the 
Kalsermarschj. 820 

£ Inn m 

825 Concert Michsei Haydn 
(Quartet in CL Schubert 
? An Silvia: Ftecher- 
Dioskau, baritone f, Defius 
(Piano Concerto:Moise 
witsch and the 
Philharmonla). Prokofiev 
(Extracts from Act 2 of 
Cinctoretia: St Louis SO 

(Fantasia In F sharp minor. 
Op 28), Gunner de 
Frumerie (Sonata No 1), 
Prokofiev (Sonata No 7) 

1045 Brandis String Quartet: 
Schubert (Quartet 
Movement in C minor, D 
703), and Mozart 
(Quartet in D minor, K 421) 

1125 French Clarinet Music: 

David Harman, with John 
York (piano). Jean-Jean 
. Scherzo briltante}, 

Gaubart (Famatew), Saint- 
Saens/Sonata, Op 1ST) 

1220 Pied Piper: the story of 
- - Robert Schumann and 
Clara WteckToid by David 

1220 National SOof 

Washington DC (under 

Rostropovich). With Jon 

Kknura Parker (pigno), . 

Part one. Tchaikovsky (Piano 
Concerto No f). 120 

125 Concert (conttft 

Shostakovich (Symphony 
. . NO 10) 

220 Prom Taklndudes an 
interview with Nigel 
Osborne, and Gordon 
Crosse talking about his 
new work Array (1) (s) 

220 New Records: Massenet 
(the duet D’acqua 
aspergrmi, from Thais: 
Boccolini amd Batttetmi). 
Veysei (Improvisation and 
song: composer on 
votca/saz), Schubert (Sonata 
in B Hat. D 960: 

Sofronrtzki. piano), Wolf 
(Four Morike settings: 
Fischer-Dieskau, baritone). 
Beethoven (Symphony 
No 6: Vienna P01.425 News 

520 Mainly for Pleasure: wtth 
Roger NichoJs 

620 Organ music: Odlle 
Pierre plays works by 
Guibnant (Marche funebre et 
chant seraphique), 

Franck (Choral No 2), and 
Wider (Finale from 
Symphony Romans) 

725 Providence and Power 
John Bott reads more of 
Ruslan's writings 

720 Proms 86: City of London 
SWontetta (under 
Richard Hocox), with Jane 
Manning (soprano), 

Robert Tear (tenor). Part 
one. Britten (Prelude and 

1120 Mozart. Ravel and 
Bartok: Jean -Jacques 
Kamorow (vtohn), end 
Antony Saunders (piano). 
Mozart (Sonata In G. K 379), 
Ravel (Sonata), Sanok 
(Romanian Dances) 

1127 News. 1220 Closedown. 
VHF only: - 

625 Open University. Until 
625am. Management 
and the school: 

( Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. See Radio 1 
tor VHF variations. 

News on the hour. Headkies 
520am, £30, 720 and £30. Sports 
Desks 125pm, 222, 322, 322, 
4.02, 525, 6.02, £45 (mf only), 

£5£ Crtckst Scoreboard 

420am Colin Berry 520 Ray 
Moore 720 Derek Jameson £30 
Teddy Johnson 1120 Jimmy 
Young 125pm David Jacobs 225 
Gloria HunrSlord 320 David 
Hamilton 5.05 John Dunn 720 Alan 
DeU. and, at 720. Big Band Era. 

820 Big Band Special. BBC Big 
Band 920 Humphrey Lyttelton 
with the Best of Jazz on record 

1020 Medicine Balia. Informal 
lecture by Dr Rob Buckman 1020 
Star Sound- Nick Jackson with 
film soundtrack requests 1120 - 
Round Midnight 120am 
Nightride 320-4.00 A Little Night 

Radio 1 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end. 

News on the half-hour from 
620am until 820pm then 1020 and 
1220 midnight. 

520am Adrian John 7.00 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 920 
Simon Bates 11.00 The Radio 1 
Roadshow with Bruno Brookes, 
from Pwllheli 1220 Nawsbeat 
(with Frank Parmdqa) 12-45 Gary 
Davies 320 Steve Wnght £30 
Nawsbeat (Frank Partridge) 5-45 
Simon Mayo 720 Janice Long 
1020-1220 John Peel. 

VHF Stereo RADIOS 1 & 2> 

420am As Radio 2. 1020pm As 
Radio 1. 1220-420801 As 
Radio 2. 


Fugue for 16-part string 
orchestra). Delius (On 
hearing the first cuckoo in 
.spring), Britten (Nocturne 
for tenor and orchestra) 

£15 As Others Saw Us: The 
English of the 17th 
century, as seen by other 
Europeans (r) 

825 Proms 8& part two. 

Delius (Summer night on 
the river). Nigel Osborne 
(The Sickle, tor soprano 
■ arid orchestra), Walton 
(Sonata for string 
orchestr a ) 

925 Uszt and the piano: Peter 
WaUfisch plays excerpts 
from Christmas Tree 

10.15 Jazz Revisited: Steve 
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England’s big step 
forward with Small 

By John Woodcock 
Cricket Correspondent 

The England selectors have 
taken one pace forward and 
three paces back, or at the best 
sideways, in choosing their 
side for the second Test match 
against New Zealand, spon- 
sored by Cornhill and starting 
at Trent Bridge on Thursday. 

They have picked 
Warwickshire’s Gladstone 
Small for the first time but 
retained Willey, whose days 
must surely be numbered, as 
well as Athey. who has played 
12 Test innings with a top 
score of 44. and French when 
they need a wicketkeeper who' 
can bat Gower has resisted 
any move there may have 
been to give him a rest- 

Bom in Barbados. Glad- 
stone Cleophas Small was IS 
when he came to England. He 
finished his education in Bir- 
mingham and there is a lesson 
in his recent success which 
needs to be heeded by every 
coach in the country. 

Since coming into first-class 
cricket in 1980 he has bowled 
great quantities of no-balls, 
including 1 1 in one over for 
Warwickshire against Middle- 
sex in 1982. He was still being 
plagued by them halfway 
through Warwickshire's 
match with Worcestershire a 
few weeks ago. As a remedy he 
tried bowling off a much 
shorter run. 20 yards rather 
than 35. since when he has not 
looked back. 

According to Humpage. the 
Warwickshire wicketkeeper, 
he has lost nothing in pace 
through doing so. He feels 
more balanced in delivery and 
has found himself hitting the 
seam more often than before. 
That is the moral of the story, 
he is a better bowler for not 
running so far. One or two of 
the Warwickshire side put his 
pace at something slightly 
above Foster's but not quite as 
fast as Dilley's when he is 
going welL And Dilley, like 
Small, runs nothing like as far 
as he used to. 

England 12 

Tests Ajjs 

G A Gooch (Essex) 57 33 

M D Mono (YorksJsj-e) 1 28 

C-W J Athey (douce) . . 6 28 

O I fionr (Laics) 84 29 

UWOsttiQ (Middx, opt) ; 48 29 

PWSsy(UKS) 36 26 

0 R Mntfe (Essex) 13 Z7 

JEEntaey(MKMX) 35 33 

PHEc&nonds (Middx) 39 25 

G R DWey (Kent) 21 27 

BN French (Notts) 3 26 

G SPUO (WanMchs) 0 24 



Small: shorter run 

Before cutting back on his 
run Small had taken nine first- 
class wickets this season at 36 
runs apiece. Since doing so he 
hastaken52al 19, a full share 
of them at the.topofthe order. 
With 61 wickets he is the 
leading wicket-taker among 
bowlers qualified for England. 
Only Walsh and Marshall, of 
West Indies, and the Austra- 
lian, Alderman, have taken 

The idea of Small is not a 
new one. As far back as 1982 
he was pulled out of 
Warwickshire’s game against 
Lancashire at Southport to 
stand by to play in the second 
Test match against Pakistan at 
Edgbaston. In the event 
Pringle, whose place he would 
have taken, reported fit. 

Small spent last winter in 
Australia, where his seven for 
42 for South Australia against 
New South Wales at Adelaide- 
was one of the best analyses of 
the season. He finished with 
37 Sheffield Shield wickets at 
31 apiece, a number exceeded 
only by Jeff Thomson, who 
took 42 for Queensland, and 
Brown, of Tasmania, with 41. 
Small now replaces Foster, 
who bowls at times with such 
fire and promise and at others 
with a lack of control that can 
but infuriate him. 



































HS Ave 

183 41.05 
123 35.76 
171* 4357 
83 4035 
183- 51.69 
83* 23.85 
49 1253 
31 1630 
37* 1950 
28 9.28 

172* 4051 
45* 1750 






WH ter 

































































Radford has been dropped 
after failing to do himself 
justice in his two Test 
matches. Pringle and 
Emburey return after injury 
Ellison and Allott remain in 
contention. Pringle's fitness is 
a problem. Although be 
played in that Edgbaston Test 
in 1982, he missed the next 
after ricking his back while 
writing a letter. That, anyway, 
was what he said. ■ 

' It was his back that went 
again before the Test at Lord's 
the other day. If it keeps 
happening the selectors will 
have to turn elsewhere, per- 
haps to De Freitas, who also 
has some batting to go with his 
medium-paced bowling. 
There is also Botham now that 
he is back in business, though 
l imagine the selectors will 

want to see him showing some 
form before they pick him. 

Athey dearly has a friend at 
court. But for that, the stroke 
that got him out in the second 
innings at Lord’s, together 
with nis Test record, might 
have finished him o9l There is 
only one Test left in which to 
give Robert Bailey a chance, 
or Lancashire’s young left- 
hander, Neil Fairbrotber, who 
does seem to be something out 
of the ordinary. 

Lamb would probably have 
come back if Gower had been 
given a holiday but in the nine 
Test matches England . have 
played since beating Australia 
last summer — against West 
Indies, India and New Zea- 
land — Gower's average (33.5) 
is only slightly below Gooch's 
(36.2) and there was no ques- 
tion of dropping Gooch. It is 
also a costly matter being left 
out these days, ea ch appear- 
ance being, worth a minimum 
of £1,500. - 

Willey's retention, with his 
poor old knee and a bowling 
record in 26 Tests of seven 
wickets at 65 runs apiece, 
smacks of selectorial obfusca- 
tion. As a batting replacement 
at Lord’s he did his stuff 
admirably. But if he is being 
seen as a Test all-rounder be is 
not one; , and if he-, has been 
chosen as middle-order ballast 
Lamb is in better form and 
would have sharpened up the 
fielding Small, by the way, is 
the 27th different player to 
have been summoned this 
summer for the Tests and one- 
day internationals. 

They indude Botham, if 
you.remember he was in the 
original squad for the first of 
the one-day matches against 
India. Another of them. 
Larkins, was improbable 
enough to have come up as the 
result of a computer error. 
Throw in Taylor and Parks, 
who each kept wicket for a 
while at Lord's, and it gives 
"The silly season" a new 

- Morecricket, page 24 

Belle of the ball: Robertson (left) earns a victory embrace from partner Mary McKenna 

Winning formula that led 
Britain out of wilderness 

.. . . From Elaine Scott, Hutchinson, Kansas 

Eight women from Great the shell-shock of having be£n and Mary McKenna could not 


Loss of top clash underlines 
depth of disappointment 

By Pat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent 

Evan after a 
pair of gold med- 
als, Steve Cram 
did not hide his 
at the absence of 
Sebastian Coe. And, ul- 
timately neither could we at 
the absence of everyone else. 
Two of the six days’ athletics, 
Sunday and Thursday, had a 
full and exciting programme 
of events. But for the rest, 
empty lanes, thin heats and 
straight semi-finals or even 
finals told of the impact of the 

The cool, wet and windy 
weather did not help. Coming 
so soon after the successful 
world junior championships 
in Athens, where Kenya and 
Nigeria, the most prominent 
of the boycotting nations here, 
did so well, the gale that swept 
this “Athens of the North” 
during the closing ceremony 

The Commonwealth Games 
Federation are investigating 
an incident of drug taking at 
Edinburgh. Dr Howel Jones, 
of the Federation's medical 
commission, said yesterday 
that a competitor — whose 
name, nationality and sport he 
would not reveal, bnt who was 
not a medal winner — bad been 
found positive in a random 
test. He said: “There are 
complications. We are making 
inquiries, bat it appears the 
competitor had been taking 
the drug therapeutically for a 
long time." 

was like the last sign of 
displeasure from the Olym- 
pian gods. In terms of the 
Theatre Festival, which fol- 
lows soon in Edinburgh, this 
was a Fringe Games, illu- 
mined by half a dozen inter- 
national stars. 

And Cram was the best of 
them. “Very disappointed," 
were his last words as he left 
on Saturday after winning the 
second leg of the 800/1, 500m 
double in which he had cx 
pecied to meet Coe. And since 
that challenge went missing, 
due to the throat infection, 
w hich caused Coe to pull out 
Cram has set himself another 
challenge, that of contesting 
the same 800/1 500 double at 
the European championships 
in Stuttgart in three weeks* 

The additional factor that 
has seduced Cram to his 
decision is the intriguing 
possibility that he would meet 
Coe over 800 and Steve Ovett 
over 1.500. For. although the 
European championships 
pose a much stronger test for 
all the other Britons — and will 
put many of the medals here 
into perspective - the chal- 
lenge for Cram internationally 
still comes from the older 

colleagues he has followed to 
middle distance greatness. 

But those duels in Germany 
depend on Coe’s return to 
fitness and the selectors’ 
choosing Overt. Coe should be 
recovered sufficiently,, and 
should meet Cram at one or 
the other distance, if not both. 
Both athletes are pre-selected. 
Cram for the 1,500, and Coe 
for the distance of his choice. 

Cram's selection for the 800 
also should now be a formal- 
ity, as would have Coe’s. 

The days of doubling up for 
both Coe and Ovett should be 
over. Ovett’s musing about 
returning to 1 ,500 for Stuttgart 
should be regarded as merely 
reminiscing out loud. For he 
can win tire European 5,000, 
while he would only be run- 
ning for second place behind 
Cram in the 1,500. Cram is in 
the form of his life — that 
adding to his disappointment 
at not meeting Coe. 

Despite the slowest 1,500 
winning time (comparably) 
since Bill Parnell, of Canada, 
won the mile in Auckland in 
1 950. Cram’s greatness is mea- 
sured by other Common- 
wealth statistical compar- 
isons. He joins Herb Elliott, of 
Australia, and Peter Snell, of 
New Zealand, as an 800/1500 
double winner, and Kip 
Keino, of Kenya, as the only 
other man to retain the longer 

Fortunately, Cram is also 
level headed — he will not risk 
losing precarious peak form 
by -being tempted into too 
many- races before Stuttgart, 
and that includes die match 
bn his home track tomorrow 
night, when he will only 
present awards. 

Cram is due to run either 
800 or 1,000 in Budapest next 
Monday, and said that that 
may be his only race before the 
European's. Ovett runs either 
1,500 or 5,000 in Koblenz on 
Wednesday, and Coe, if recov- 
ered, will race an 800 against 
McKean, Gladwin and David 
Sharpe at the IAC meeting at 
Crystal Palace on Friday. 

Games results 
on page 24 

Kirsty Wade’s similar dou- 
ble will, in contrast, be ex- 
posed in Stuttgart. She will 
only run the 800, and will do 
well to get near a medal Apart 
from the warring English jav- 
elin throwers, Tessa 
Sanderson and Fatima 
Whitbread, who resume battle 
at Gateshead tomorrow eve- 
ning . Debbie Flintoff of 
Australia was the only real 
world class woman displaying 
her laients in Edinburgh. And 
she will stay on the European 
circuit in order to attack the 
400 hurdles world record. 

Brave Curran Goode slip-up 
paid double brings joy 
gold dividend to Gilliland 

Bold riding 
by Paul Curran 
helped him to 
emulate the feat 
by Malcolm El- 
liott four years 
ago in Brisbane 
when he added the 105-mile 
road race title on Saturday to 
the gold medal he won for 
England in the 100-kilometre 
team time trial a week earlier. 

The turner from Thomaby, 
aged 25. burst away on his 
own 21 mites from the finish. 
But his solo attempt to snatch 
glory seemed destined to fail- 
ure when his 30-second lead 
disappeared with five miles to 
go and he was caught by Brian 
Fowler, of New Zealand, and 
Jeff Leslie, of Australia. How- 
ever Curran, of Manchester 
Wheelers, still managed to nip 
through in the sprint, although 
he later admitted he was 
suffering from cramp in his 
left fool. 

"It was only a twinge, but I 
dropped back to get a flyer for 
the sprint — and it worked 
when Fowler surprisingly left 
a gap." he said. “This is my 
best win: winning two gold 
medals will take some time to 
sink in." 

A pair of silver 
medals adds up 
to sad memories 
Tor Andy Goode, 
of England, but 
joy for Scotland 
and Australia. 

White England marched to 
four golds, through Steve 
Baddeley in the men's singles, 
Helen Troke, again ladies 
champion. Gillian Gowers 
and Gillian Clark in the ladies 
doubles and the team event 
Goode injured his right calf 
muscle and lost two doubles 
finals, partnering Nigel Tier 
and Fiona Elliott That pre- 
vented England from becom- 
ing the first country to 
completely dominate the com- 
petition. - but brought Billy 
Gilliland and Dan Travers, of 
Scotland, and Michael 
Scandolera and Audrey 
Tuckey. of Australia, their 
country's first gold medals. 

Despite Goode's surprising 
failure and Gilliland's de- 
lighted response, the high- 
lights were still Baddeley's 
domination of Sze Yu, . of . 
Australia, and Troke becom- 
ing the first woman to retain 
her title as she swept aside 

in the dark 

By Paid Martin 

A Japanese bfflhmalre, pro- 
duced os if from a magician’s 
hat, departed Edinburgh at the 
weekend, leaving _ the or- 
ganizers . of ..the Common- 
wealth Games without ' any 
firm commitiBent that be will 
make ap their losses. * 

Mr Byokhi Sasakawa said 
he wanted to help the or- 
ganizers in their plight, bnt 
would only cover part of the 
shortfall, estimated by one of 
the Games' financial officers 
as around £1.8 million. 

The official disclosed that 
the deficit would come about 
despite a saving of £300,000 
that is expected from- the 
reduced air fare contributions 
and lower food bills resulting 
from the boycott. The calcula- 
tions, be said, were com- 
plicated by the vagueness of 
arrangements with the Mirror 
Group: the precise formula 
determining how modi they 
would pay for the scoreboard 
advertising was stiU to sorted 

Mr Sasakawa, an 87-year- 
old industrialist, said he would 
have been able to be still more 
generous had he been invited 
sooner. "I would have brought 
a gift in my briefcase for the 
opening ceremony,” be said. 
Instead of which be had 
received a phone call from 
Robert Maxwell chairman of 
Minor Group, only when the 
Games were close to 

Mr Sasakawa stressed that 
although Japan was not a 
Commonwealth member and 
his interest stemmed only from 
his belief in the value of sport 
to world peace, he would be 
prepared to contribute more 
extensively to the 1990 
Commonwealth Games in 
Auckland New Zealand. 

He invited the organizers to 
make an early approach to him 
— be would not wish, however, 
to U impune their honour” by 
giving an impression that be 
was intervening in their affairs 
or casting donbt on their 
ability to raise the necessary 

“My contribution could be 
seen as a congratnlations 
present for holding the event 
and making it work,” he said. 

Though be would not wish 
to withdraw his support 
should another boycott be 
threatened, the shipping mag- 
nate admitted he he would not 
become involved if the event 
became enviable doe to a 
boycott of greater proportions 
than at Edinburgh. “I most 
draw the line somewhere,” he 

Cut-price bowls 

Commonwealth Games of- 
ficials were worried about the 
meagre attendances . at the. 
bonis tournament Free ad- 
mission was considered, bnt 
spectators were later a d m it t ed 
at half-price. 

Britain and Ireland, and their 
captain, made history on Sat- 
urday when they broke a 30- 
year drought of victories, and 
smashed the American 
domination of the Curtis Cap 
match. Arriving, at- Prairie 
Dimes, Kansas, last week, the 
odds - were -stacked heavily 
against them, even accumulat- 
ing a handful of points, let 
alone the comfortable 13-5 
triumph they stole from under 
the noses of the mighty 

From the moment 50-year- 
old: Belle Robertson holed a 
3fcfoot -putt: across the 18th 
green to Win her. foursomes 
match with Mary McKenna 
against Kim Gardner and 
Kathleen McCarthy, and take 
their team to the first-ever 3-0 
lead for a Great Britain and 
Ireland lead .after the first 
morning on Friday. : ‘ 

There «as*a buzz of expec- 
tancy among theplayers them- 
selves. and British xnpporteis 
who had made the trip es- 
pecially for the occasion. The 
team then broke into a con- 
fident stride, and went on to 
lake a further three-and-a-half 
points from the .afternoon's 
singles to put them in a perfect 
position for their sprint to 
baome-the-first British and 
Irish side to win any inter- 
national golf match against a 
US team on American soil. 

It seemed that the US team 
and their captain, Judy. Bell 
had not quite recovered' from 

totally overpowered on the 
first day when play got under 
way on Saturday. Great Brit- 
ain and Ireland's non-playing 
captain, Diane Bailey, rec- 
ognized a winning formula 
and put out identical pairings 
for the foursomes, knowing 
that another dean, sweep 
would give diem the nine-and- 
a-half points required to make 
the afternoon singles just a 
formality for record books. 

The eariy signs were that 
this might just be the case. 
Reinforcing -their strength, of 
combination^ Jill Thornhill 
arid- Lillian Behan accounted 
for Leslie Shannon and Kim 
Williams by five and three. In 
the top match, Patricia John- 
son and Karen Davies got into 

More gptf, page 74 

a . comfortable position three 
up with three holes to play 
before, -i ' V Danielle 
Ammaccapane . . and ' Dottie 
Pepper Mochrie dedded not 
to go down without a struggle. 

Consecutive bogeys by Pa- 
tricia and Karen at the 16th 
and 17th allowed the Ameri- 
cans some reprieve, but need- 
ing only to halve the final 
hole, the two British girls 
rolled in a birdie at the 372- 
yard par-four 18th to match 
the three of the Americans for 

•In yet another titanic strug- 
gle with their opponents of the 
previous day. Belle Robertson 

consolidate their early po- 
sition of three up against Kim 
Gardner and Kathleen Mc- 
Carthy, but another par-sav- 
ing pun at the 18th, this time 
from 1 5 feet by the remarkable 
Miss Robertson, brought in a 
valuable half point 
Twenty-year-old' - Patricia 
Johnson proved to be the star 
player of both sides. It was 
fitting, therefore, that hers 
should be the first point from 
the afternoon's singles to seal 
the fate of the Americans. Her 
five and four win over Kath- 
leen McCarthy, 1 regarded as 
the strongest player oE the US 
side, gave her the only 100 per 
cent record of four points in 
the event, and left her three 
under par for the 33 holes she 
played in the two singles 

(US names first) 

FOURSOMES: ft-McCartrty and K 
Gardner tostto 9 Robertson and M 
McKenna 9 and 3; D Ammaccapane 
and D Pepper Mocftte tost ip P 
Johnson and K Davies one up; t 
Shannon and K Wffiams tostto J 
Thornhill and L Behan (GB-Jre) 5 
and 3. 

SINGLES: L Shannon halved with J 
Thornhill; K McCarthy tost to P 
Johnson 5 and 3; K Gardner bt L 
Behan one up; K VtiKams lost to V 
Thomas 4 and 3: K Kessler halved , 
with K Davies; C Schreyer lost to C . 
Hourihane 5 and 3. 

Friday-' — • - •• -- 
SINGLES: L Shannon lost to P 
Johnson one up; K WBams lost to J 
Thomhai 4 and 3; D Ammaccai 
lost to L Behan 4 and 3; K Kessler M 
V Thomas 3 and 2; D Pepper 
Moohrie halved with K Davies; C 
Schreyer bt C Hourihane 2 and 1. 

Devon have a champion at last 

Jonathan Langmead suc- 
ceeded another 18 year-old 
Devon golfer, Roger Win- 
chester, as English amateur 
champion at Hillside, South- 
port, on Saturday. If that 
seems a matter of less than 
riveting significance it has to 
be set against the feet that 
until last year there had never 
been a Devon winner in the 54 
previous championships. 

Langmead beat Bernard 
White, the Surrey champion 
and five years his senior, by 

Keen as 

Thomas Muster, of Austria, 
won the Dutch Open tennis 
championship at Hilversum 
over the weekend to claim his 
first grand prix title in a 
tournament he had not in- 
tended to enter. Ranked 79th 
in the world, the 18-year-otd 
seventh seed took just 80 
minutes to overpower Jakob 
Hlasek, of Switzerland, 6-1, 6- 

The Austrian originally 
planned to join the United 
States circuit in July and 
switched to the Dutch event 
only after Davis Cup duty 
.prevented him arriving in 
lime for a tournament in 
Boston. Among his victims, in 
a week where power play paid 
fine dividends, was Miloslav 
Mecir, of Czechoslovakia, the 
top seed. 

Birkby signs 

lan Birkby, the Ol dham 
rugby league chib player, has 
' aed.fbLDoncaster for a fee 
£4,500. In three years at the 
dub. the half tack made 
almost 100 appearances in the 
first division. 

By John Hennessy 

two and one over 36 holes. If 
the match lacked a little 
quality in a fierce wind, both 
players being unseeded, there 
was enough cut and thrust to 
keep a surprisingly large gal- 
lery absorbed. 

Not until White’s driver 
betrayed him towards the end, 
causing him to lose the 12th, 
I4th and 15th and go three 
down, did the end come 
clearly in sight A splendid iwo 
at the short 16th revived a 
flicker of hope for him, but 

two stupendous hits with a 
helpful wind at the long 1 7th 
by the boyish Langmead, a 
drive of 328 yards and a three 
iron of 220 yards, emphati- 
cally shut the door with White 
yet again in the rongh off the 

Langmead has won not only 
a tide but also, surely; Ins first 
England blazer. The team for 
next month's home inter- 
nationals is to be announced 
on Wednesday. 


Muster first title 


Ian Botham has presented 
the Leukaemia Research Fund 
with a cheque for £888,000, 
the result of his sponsored 
walk last year from John 
O'Groats to Land’s End. With 
money still coming in, the 
England cricketer expects to 
raise £1 million from sponsors 
before starting his “Hannibal 
Walk” — from southern Spain, 

over the Alps to Italy - for the opening match against Brian 
same cause early in 1 988. Teacher, of the United States. 

Playing safe 

Middlesbrough, the third 
division football dub, hope to 
continue with pre-season 
training today, even though 
their ground was closed by the 
official receiver following last 
week’s wjnding-up order in 
the High Court. Bruce Rioch, 

dismissed as manager with the 

rest of the non-playing staff, 
will supervise training if the 
players are allowed into 
Ayresorae Park to collect their 
gear. Negotiations over a res- 
cue bid are continuing. The 

clubs friendly with Hartle- 

pool which was planned for Australia. 

Saturday, was called off as the As for the rest the 

pkiTOwere not tovered by 

SHtes it is back to squad 
at Crystal Palace. 
And rf they stay until 1988 and 
profit from the famj^hn 
of boxing within 
meir capabilities, rather than 

being drawn out of their depth 
by their own eagerness to do 
wen and stay wkh the British 
Olympic coaches, Kerin 
Hickey and Dick McTamvt. 
and resist the temptations of 
professional money, Britain 
could hare a formidible team 
in the next Olympics. 


of prize 

Nine days of amateur box- 
ing at the Commonwealth 
Games was a welcome change 
after nine months of the hard 
professional game. It was good 
to see honest endeavour In the 
ring rather than some 
matchmakers' manonevrings 
to get a boxer moved op in the 
world rankings. It was marvel- 
lous to wake np in the morn- 
ings in the beautiful . city of 
Edinburgh and write about 
young boxers in search of gold 
and silver medals rather than 
about promoters bedecked 
with gold or loaded with silver 
and their friends hi smalt suits 
and after-shave who pressure 
yon with hype-powered talk. 

The boxing was not always 
of the highest quality in the 
absence of the Africans but the 
best of it was as good as much 
of the professional variety I 
have seen this year. While a 
lot of the professional game in 
Britain is a rearrangement of 
old faces in new situations, 
much of it contrived, the 
Games uncovered fresh feces 
with new and vibrant 


How well John Lyon, the 
England flyweight, has ma- 
nned into a boxer of world 
class, picking his shots with 
perfect accuracy and timing. 
And how refreshing it was to 
see the Canadians, Howard 
Grant, the light-welterweight; 
Asif Dar. the brilliant Paki- 
stan-born lightweight who for 
me was the best boxer of the 
Games; Bill Downey, the 
clever featherweight; and 
Scott Olson, the diminutive 
light-featherweight, who made 
boring seem as pleasurable as 
potting a deckchair out m the 
stm. ’’ 

Men in control of 
their destinies 

So perfectly in control were 
they of their own capabilities 
that even under extreme pres- 
sure they never forgot them- 
selves or their boring. Nor will 
I forget their constant dtang: 
ing of stance from southpaw to 
orthodox and back, over and 
over again, that confused their 
opponents, or the little Olson 
tearing into Mark Epton, of 
England, and at the point of 
exhaustion looking np at the 
dock.. ... 

The boxing was always 
dean, crisp and uncluttered, 
thanks to die referees observ- 
ing the rules strictly. How ont 
of place were the professional 
tricks used by some British 
boxers who clearly had im- 
bibed the habits from watch- 
ing^rofessional boxing on 

one outstanding lesson 
from the success of the 
Canadians who won six gold 
medals was to follow the 
golden rale to box within your 
potential It prevents a boxer 
from taking on too much and 
enabling him to remain cool - 
under pressure and always 
beingin a position to bunch an 
attack and above all never 
losing right' of his boxing 

The two Canadian gold 
medal winners from the last 
Commonwealth Games in 
Brisbane who turned pro-' . 
fess tonal Shawn O'Sullivan 
and Willie DeWit, have so far . make their mark hot 
these new Canadians who are - 
the target oTprofessional man- 
agers may do better, for not 
only are they more skilful than 
O'SnUJvaD and DeWit, bnt 
they are more aware of their - . 
own potential. 

If they stay, as they say they 

will with their coach, Kay lor 
Gordon, until the 1988 Olym- 
pics they will be better able to - 
judge whether they can make 

their wa y in the professional . - 

world or not. 

Sad defections 
to paid ranks 

It is a pity that the British- - 
Olympic team are too often hit 
by .boxers moving off to make 
their -fortunes in die pro- 
fessional world. The two most 
likely to leave England this - 
time are Rod Douglas gad 
Darren Dyer. 

And yet how unimpressive . 
and plain against the Ganadi- 
ans these two English gold 
medal winners looked as they 
tried to knock their opponents 
4jyer with a single blow.. Dyer’-s 
final ended with the fast solid 
blow from -him hi ftfpg Jim 
McAllister's eyebrow, though 
Douglas was given q rougher • 
time of it by Geoff Harding, of 

McEnroe tack 

John McEnroe, out of 
competitive tennis for nearly I 
seven months, returns to the 
grand prix circuit tomorrow as 
fourth seed in the Stratum 
Mountain tournament he won 

if? The torewimes 
Wimbledon champion' is 
seeded to meet Boris Becker. ! 
the No. 2 seed, of West Ger- 1 
many, m the semi-finals, but 
opens his account with an 



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Srikumar Sen 

Boxing Correspondent