Skip to main content

Full text of "The Times , 1986, UK, English"

See other formats

Ca % 

gun f r( J 


Barn l*,. ^ "f 1 


No 62.532 


« z\V . 

hl( I’M. « 

«rk\ v 

a» Vrr.r. 

'•£ * !>.'’■ . : 
i »v 

i\h, -.v .. 


» ! 1 

ttf *;»»:•■ 

1 ’ 

• t • • 

• •■i I .!• . ; 


•I « ' * * " j " 

■« . 

r Kvi-..' 
Aiiii ;rv 

It Itt.V !. • 
> j.' ! 

inv!-. ; ^ 


til.: -iv 

>* ru«v* 

i f v }. 



w.ih .i 
jii*\ •?;. 

fr, ,J1I ; »..• 

ui J .VJ-V 
. 1 *- i::*.; : 

i. , ,i . 
..V Il.-lb 1 - 

■\k • 

• .in-J «.:• 

C. N\.i' 

V- -if*]; 

.Sh’I'* ' 

!vJ ^ . 
a.i:» « 


•V * j. 


■ ■ r M*,, » 
• 1 L H- 

. *>ftr 

. . j ' 



... ' ?“S4 

... .. ■•‘•‘‘'tot 
, '; :iv *«* f 


'"*• 'MM 

U ' -1 fe- 
' ri il.ijih" 
W. bit'; 


• : 

to go ahead 



Aga Kali 
for Britai 

I • «:i: .'imn Nljtflfc 

! • .okx |)i ton ? 

T in .tuhnl'k 

• : "i* IS-m-jmC' 
!■' • • s Hnuu v 

. ’ li.t.mj 

■ • '.lj K/inlnt 

• huhlm Ite* 

I ntrcdyalM 
; iiu Irad fwt 
n:ini. fiflt 
• . . « jcMWi 

[ j ; bt'billl •• - 

s'-.ij-nJiRdwt * 1 
nf'htf® r 

p.»m lfl* ! 

. ..piflS ' 

1.3 i >’! 
J .:;J Iiu nr^ s 

r« lS f 



The Government is lo press 
ahead witfr a package of 
measures armed as reassuring 
nationalist faith in the Anglo- 
Irish agreement, m spile of 
rising J loYaHst” violence and 
protests aimed at destroying 
the accord or preventing its 

.While the Government in- 
dicates its unyielding oppo- 
sition to loyalist threats, a big 
security problem faces the 
Irish Republic's police and 
army if the deputy leader of 
the Democratic Unionist 
party travels south for his 
court appearance on 

■ "Mr Peter Robinson, MP for 
East Belfast, faces four 
charges, including assaulting 
members of the Garda and 
malicious damagie. after- the 
loyalist ‘invasion" of a village 
in Co Monaghan- He has been 
advised to jump baO or travel 
south accompanied by thou- 
sands of supporters for protec- 
tion. If he is convicted Mr 
Robinson could face a maxi- 
mum prison sentence of two 

He will consult his legal 
advisers and the Rev fan 
Paisley! who is expected in 
Belfast today after cutting 
short a . trip to the United 
Stales, but it is thought likely 
that the publicity value of 
c&irt- proceeding . will per- ' 
suade him to appear in court 
at Dundalk, Co Louth. 

.Mr Nicholas Scott, Par- 
liamentary Under-Secretary 
of State at the Northern 
Ireland Office, said' yesterday 
that he believ&f Mr Robinson 
should answer, his bail, and 

By Richard Ford 

that the Irish police would 
provide adequate' protection. 
He confirmed that the RUC 
had removed the police guard 
from the MFs home at 
Dundonald, on the eastern 
outskirts of Belfast, but said it 
was an operational matter for 
the police and he bad not been 

He dismissed as “fantasy" a 
claim by. Mr Robinson that 
the British Government had 
plotted to kill him by offermg 
a five-figure sum lo a merce- 

Among the measures being 
considered by the Govern- 
ment are repeal of the Flags 
and Emblems Act, which 
effectively makes it unlawful 
to fly the tricolor, moves to' 
give greater recognition to the 
use of the Irish language and 
reforms to allow street signs in 
Gaelic where a majority of 
local inhabitants so wish, 
strengthening of legislation on 
incitement to hatred and 
improvements to the police 
complaints procedure. 

There is no sign yet, how- 

Mr Nicholas Scott, who 
dismissed plot to left! claim 

ever, that the Government is 
willing to accept Irish de- 
mands for a replacement of i 
one judge, non-jury courts 
with a system in which three 
judges sit hearing cases. 

Meanwhile; the dilemma 
facing the RUC in the prov- 
ince was highlighted yesterday 
at the stan of a republican 
parade in West Belfast 
commemorating the fifteenth 
anniversary ofiniemmenL 

In spite of four verbal 
warnings that the parade was 
illegal about 2,000 marchers, 
including a delegation ftom 
the Troops Out movement 
and the Provisional IRA's 
American fund-raisers 
Noraid, marched in the Falls 

A huge police and Army 
presence scanned the crowd 
with binoculars and a police 
video team filmed the rally at 
which the main speaker, Mr 
Gerry Adams, Provisional 
Sinn Fein MP for West Bel- 
fast. gave a warning that the 
British and Irish governments 
were conspiring to create an 
atmosphere where internment 
could be reintroduced. 

Rioting in Belfast and 
Londonderry ended shortly 
before dawn yesterday after 
plastic bullets were fired to 
disperse crowds who attacked 
each other in north Belfast 

After the parade yesterday 
in Belfast had passed off 
without serious incident, po- 
lice detained Mr Alex Massey, 
a Provisional Sinn Fein coun- 
cillor, for questioning about 
serious terrorist crime. 

Paisley challenged, page 2 

Ulster's tough man, page 12 

The Qoeen during her visit to Clydebank at the weekend (Photograph: Tom Kidd). 




Coe, Ovett and me 
— Steve Cram talks ■ 
to Pat Butcher about 
life in die fast lane 




• There is £4,000 to 
be won today in the 
daily Times Portfolio 
Gold competition. 

• On Saturday three 
people shared the 
weekly prize of 
£16,000, doubled 
because there was 
no winner the week 
before, while three 
others shared the dally 
prize, up to £12,000 
after two days without a 
winner. Details, page 


• Portfolio fist, page 
20; rules and how to 
play. Information 
service, page 16. 


Peer dies 

Lord Cyril Plant ofBenenden, 
chairman of the Trades Union 
Congress in 1976. has died in 
hospital in France after being 
taken ill on holiday, two weeks 
before his seventy-sixth 

Israeli attack 

Israeli -jets and helicopters 
struck at Palestinian camps on 
the fringes of the Lebanese city 
ofSidon, as Christian militias 
battled in Beirut Page 7 

Degree results 

Ministers face sex 
, education defeat 

- - By Sheila Gtmn, Political Staff 

The Government's attempt religious views. Whatever the 
to legislate on how school- 
children should be taught 
about sex is in danger of 

Opposition MPs and many 
Conservative backbenchers 
are strongly against bringing 
the law into such a sensitive 
area and fear it could lead to a 
spate of court actions by 

They believe the sex educa- 
tion clause in the Education 
Bill is unnecessary after the 
publication of a draft circular 
by the Department of Educa- 
tion and. Science last week. 

That sets out how the Govern- 
ment expects schools to tackle 
the subject ‘"within a moral 

The Bill will also give 
parents more representation 
on governing bodies and more 
rights to determine what is in 
the sex education curriculum. 

The latest attempt to change 
the Bill comes from a mixed 
group of 64 Labour front- 
bench and Conservative 
backbench MPs who have 
tabled an amendment giving 
parents the right to excuse 
their children from sex educa- 
tion lessons. 

The Labour members want 
to prevent unnecessary court 
cases between schools and 
parents, while, the Conser- 
vatives are reflecting the con- 
cern of parents with strong 

reason, the amendment is 
being strongly resisted by 

The sex education clause, 
like many other changes to the 
Education Bill, was forced on 
the Government by “the 
moral right" in the House of 
Lords. Lord Buckmasler, an 
independent peer, and Lord 
Denning, the former Master of 
the Rolls, were among those 
who called for sex education 
to emphasize the importance 
of the family and not to 
concentrate only on the. 
mechanics of sexual activity. 

Ministers bad wanted to 
avoid legislating on what 
should be in the sex education 
curriculum. But the pressure 
from the Lords coincided with 
the Government's campaign 
for moral revival. 

Mr Norman Tebbit, the 
Conservative Party chainnan, 
made speeches attacking the 
permissive attitudes of the 
1 960s and MPs received many 
letters from parents outraged 
by their children's descrip- 
tions of sex education classes 
in some schools. 

A clause was added to the 
Bill calling for local authori- 
ties, governing bodies and 
heads to “take such steps as 
are reasonably practicable to 
ensure that ... sex education 
is given ... in such a manner 

Continued on page 16, col 8 

General assassinated 

Lieu lenan 1-General Arun 
Vaidya, the Indian Army chief 
who planned the attack on ike 
Sikh Golden Temple of 
Amritsar in 19S4, was shot 
dead, in his car in Pune 
yesterday by men on motor 
cycles. His wife was wounded. 

General Vaidya. aged 60. 

who retired this year, was high 
on the hit-list of Sikh ex- 
tremists since the Amritsar 
siege. Only last week he had 
received a letter threatening 
his life. 

The country was put on a 
general alert after the attack. 

Full report, page 7 

looks into 

By Rodney Cowton 
Defence Correspondent 

Mr John Stanley, Minister 
of State for the Armed Forces, 
has asked for a report on the 
circumstances surrounding 
the dismissal of more than 100 
Gurkhas from the British 

Both Mr Stanley and Mr 
Roger Freeman, Parlia- 
mentary Under Secretary of 
State for the Armed Forces, 
are due to make visits to Hong 
Kong, where the regiment 
involved, the 7th Duke of 
Edinburgh's Own Gurkha : Ri 
fies, is based, it is believe^ 
that Mr Freeman is due to go 
in the next week or two and 
Mr Stanley a little later. 

Both visits are said to have 
been planned some time ago, 
and not initially to have been 
relaxed to the present diffi- 
culties. It would be surprising, 
however, if they were not now 
dominated by the dismissal of 
the soldiers. 

The dismissals follpwed a 
refusal by the Gurkhas to co- 
operate with an army inquiry 
into a brawl which occurred in 
Hawaii in May, during which 
two army officers were 

The Ministry of Defence 
said yesterday that 1 1 1 Gur- 
khas had been dismissed, the 
last of whom flew home to 
Nepal from Hong Kong on 
Saturday. A further 12 would 
have been dismissed, but were 
reinstated after making 
successful representations to 
the Gurkha Field Force in 
Hong Kong. Those who have 
been dismissed have a right of 
appeal to the Army Board 
Mr Jack Ashley, the Labour 
MP for Stoke-on-Trent, has 
called for a public inquiry into 
the-dismissals. He said he was 
disturbed by reports that one 
of the Gurkhas' officers had 
behaved in a racist manner, 
that their pay was half that of 
other soldiers. ' 

**I found it remarkable that 
so many hitherto dutiful and 
loyal servants should be so 
summarily dismissed" he 
said in a letter to Mr George 
Younger, the Defence 

In Hong Kong, an un- 
married Gurkha private earns 
£1.700 a year, a married man 
£4.220. When stationed in 
Britain the pay for a single 
man increases to £4.000. com- 
pared with a British private's 
basic of £5.274. 

Sectarian crisis, page 12 

TUC blueprint for 
consumer control 
of state industry 

The return of British 
Telecom to public ownership, 
and the establishment of High 
Street consumer centres with 
watchdog powers over major 
service industries, are features 
of a TUC blueprint for reshap- 
ing public industries. 

Other reforms, designed “to 
reverse disillusionment with 
public ownership”, call for 
public industries to become 
Industrial relations pace- 
setters, and the establishment 
of a British investment bank 
to channel long-term finance 
into higb-tephnology and 
“start-up" companies. 

The reforms, which also 
seek more backing for local 
enterprise boards and an 
extension of the parliamen- 
tary select committee system 
to scrutinize large public com- 
panies more systematically, 
will be put to next month’s 
TUC Congress at Brighton. 

The report, called Industries 
for People, is the result of a 
two-year review of public- 
ownership. It says: “National- 
ized industries in their present 
form have failed to give 
people any sense of owning or 
having a slake in public 

.According to the TUC the 
solution is a “fresh and more 
imaginative approach to pub- 
lic enterprise”, not the 
Government's "blinkered 

obsession” with privatization. 

TUC approval will signal 
the start of a campaign to win 
support for public enterprise 
that meets social needs and 
protects the public interest. 

The TUC believes that pub- 
lic dissatisfaction about the 
performance of parts of the 

S ublic sector has allowed the 
iovemment’s privatization 
programme to proceed so far. 

“There was overwhelming 
popular support for the great 
nationalization initiatives of 
the 1945-51 period, yet less 
than four decades later a 
programme aimed at selling 
those same assets back to 
private owners is greeted with 
apathy or support by a size- 
able part of the electorate." 

It is thought this has more 
to do with the image and 
record of public, enterprise 
than with any positive attrac- 
tions of privatization. 

The most common concern 
expressed by unions is about 
the remoteness and lack of 
responsiveness of public in- 
dustries. in particular those 
utilities which provide ser- 
vices direct to huge numbers 
of people. The proposals are 
aimed at setting new stan- 
dards of accountability. 

The TUCs second broad 
area of concern is that govern- 
ments have too often abused 
Continued on page 16, col 1 

Natal town 

Johannesburg (Reuter) — 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher is to 
be honoured by a South 
African town for her stand on 
sanctions, local officials said 

Mt Victor Parkhouse, town 
clerk of TongaaU in Nazal, 
said the council was sending 
Mrs Thatcher a letter telling 
her of its decision to give her 
the “freedom of the town”, 
and thanking her for her 
efforts to stave off sanctions. 

A council official said she 
deserved to be honoured for 
her “courageous stand”. 

• LONDON: 10 Downing 
Street said they had heard 
reports of Tongaal‘s intention 
to honour Mrs Thatcher but 
could not comment until the 
official letter was received 
Durban congress, page 5 

in sixes 

Ian Botham set a John 
Player Special League record 
yesterday when he scored the 
highest n umber of sixes by one 
batsman in an inaings on his 
way to an unbeaten 175 
against Northamptonshire. 
Botham struck 13 sixes and 
was only one run short of, 
Graham Gooch's league 
record of 176. 

• Nelson Piquet, from Brazil, 
won the Hungarian motor 
racing grand prix yesterday. 
Nigel Mansell, from Britain, 
was third, maintaining his 
lead in the championship. 

• Graeme Souness, who was 
sent off in his first match as 
player-manager of Rangers on 
Saturday, could find his club 
the subject of a Scottish 
Football Association inquiry. 

Pages 24-26, 28 

awarded by the 
universities of Aberdeen and 
Keeie are published 
today • Page 4 


Hone News. 2-4 
Overseas 5-9, 
Appts 14J9 
Architecture 14 
Arts i5 

Birtbsjdeaihs, •• 
marriages 14 
Buhkss 17-20 
Chen 2 

Coart 14 

CroasMrfs 10,16 

Owy 12 
Events 16 

Futons 10-i2 
la* Report 24 

Ptcm Bonds 
Sport 24-28 
nmtieuK 27 
TV A Radio 27 
LUvenitks • 4 
Weather 16 

if 1*it is if if 

Chinese show 
off to Mrs 

Moscow (AP) — Mrs Raisa 
Gorbachov, the wife of the 
Soviet leader, paid a rare 
social call on the Chinese 
Embassy last week to inspect 
the latest in women's fashion 
on their side of the Great Wall, 
diplomatic sources said 

Mrs Gorbachov's atten- 
dance.- with other Kremlin 
wives, at a Chinese fashion 
show was the latest hint of the 
slow warming in cultural and 
economic ties between the 
rival communist powers, 
whose political . relations re- 
main frosty. 

“This was quite an event” 
said a diplomatic source. 
“TTtis son of thing hasn’t 
happened in 20 years." 

Among Mrs Gorbachov's 
companions was. the wife of 
Mr Eduard Shevardnadze, the 
Soviet Foreign Minister. 

Claws drawn in Polish catwalk scandal 

From Roger Boye$ 

Beauty, they say. is only 
skin-deep. On the surface, 
everything seems to be in 
order another nice girt with 
all the right equipment has 
just been crowned Miss Po- 
land. the Soviet bloc's main 
contender for the Miss World 
title in London. 

Handled with the reveren- 
tial care normally reserved for 
Mr MikhaiJ Gorbachov, the 
contest's British organizer. 
Mrs Julia Morley, and a 
glowing blonde Miss World 
were whisked to the dilapi- 
dated seaside resort of Sopot' 
to witness the coronation. 

Bui behind the scenes there 
is more than a hint of scandal 
with allegations of stolen or 
“lost? prizes, of favouritism 
and vote-rigging, of walkouts 
and secret trysts. The daws. 

Magdalena Jaworska as 
Miss Poland 1984. 
immaculately painted, are 

The problems began when 
Miss Poland 1984. Miss Mag- 
dalena Jaworska. wrote an 
attack on the Polish organizers 
of the beauty comesL She 
claimed that prizes promised 
by the organizers — and 
provided by the international 
sponsors — were not reaching 


the winners but disappeared 
into somebody's pockets. 

Although the Miss Poland 
contest was a profitable event, 
the beauty queens caught a 
glimpse of only a fraction of 
the money-and indeed had to 
subsidize themselves. 

The organizers of com- 
petitions like Miss Universe 
and Miss Europe give spend- 
ing money' to the contestants 
buu according to Miss Ja- 
worska and others, this also 
evaporates, leaving the Polish 
contender penniless.- 

The in-fighting becomes 
particularly intense at a' spe- 
cial training camp held for ihc 
finalists before the Miss Po- 
land show is staged. The idea 
is to leach the women how to 
walk elegantly and answer 
questions. The real purpose, 
some of the beauty queens 
suspect is to allow the -or- 
ganizers to work out the 
finalists in advance. 


Last year two girts were 
thrown out of the finals after 
the chief organizer accused 
them of bad conduct. 

They replied in kind and 
spoke out about wild parties 
with the sponsors, special 
excursions for the “chosen" 
girts and vote rigging. 

One of the organizers took 
Miss Jaworska to court, alleg- 
ing defamation. The Warsaw 
prosecutor showed interest 
and the affair looked like 
becoming a national calamity. 

But in the interests of an 
orderly Miss Poland 1986 
contest the libel case has been 
quietly dropped- Emotions are 
slill running high, however. 

The new queen, so far 
untouched by scandal, is an 
art student aged 19. She won a 
Japanese car but is unable to 
drive. Perhaps the organizers 
will be able to solve that 

for the 

By Robin Young 

The Queen will be climbing 
up 152 lighthouse steps on a 
rocky outpost of Scotland’s 
west coast today, regardless of 
public concern for her health 
since it was disclosed that she 
had a secret check-up at the 
National Heart Hospital Iasi 

The tests she underwent 
were "routine and 
insignificant" according to the 
assistant press secretary at 
Buckingham Palace. It is ev- 
ident though, that they were 
more sophisticated than might 
have been performed at 
Buckingham Palace with a 
portable electro-cardiogram 
device, and tight security sur- 
rounded the Queen's hospital 

Corridors were closed and 
lifts shut as she arrived for her 

Whatever tests were per- 
formed did not interrupt the 
Queen's schedule in any way. 
She spent 50 minutes with 
consultants, and then com- 
pleted her engagements for the 

On Wednesday she trav- 
elled lo Southampton to txxird 
the Royal Yacht Britannia for 
her annual cruise around the 
Western Isles cn route to her 
summer holiday at Balmoral. 

On Saturday, the day before 
the news emerged of her heart 
check, the Queen was visiting 
Clydebank to mark its 

In a hectic morning she 
named an oil rig, loured a 
shipyard, an engineering 
works and a hospice, went 
walkabout through Clydebank 
shopping centre, unveiled a 
plaque and a commemorative 
stone, toured the Clydebank 
business park, visited the local 
radio station, lunched at the 
town hall, and went to watch 
youth activities at Dalmuir 
Park in the afternoon. 

Today the Queen will be 
visiting Ardnamurchan light- 
house, on the most westerly 
promontory in Britain — the 
sort of bracing and energetic 
engagement she enjoys best 
“There have been no dele- 
tions, no additions, no 
changes to the Queen’s pro- 
gramme whatsoever. The 
Queen is in excellent health, 
and enjoying her holiday,” 
Buckingham Palace said 

Britannia arrives at Aber- 
deen on Saturday, and the 
Queen will be spendinga quiet 
week at Balmoral. 

There is no history of heart 
disease in the Queen's an- 
cestry, and she does not use 
salt, excess of which has been 
associated with liability to 
heart attacks and strokes.' 

Nor does she smoke, which 
is reckoned to be an important 
contributory factor to heart 
illness. The Queen is believed 
to have been to hospital only 
once before as anything but a 
visitor — for the extraction of a 
wisdom tooth. 

5 more 

From Susan MacDonald 

Five more dimbers on the 
Mom Blanc massif fell to their 
deaths this weekend, bringing 
the total loss of life on the 
French side of the mountain 
since the beginning of August 
to 1 1. 

A week ago a British 
climber, Mr David Earle, died 
and his wife and climbing 
companion were injured while 
climbing the Aiguille du Midi. 

The loss of life on Mont 
Blanc during Julv had been 
the lowest for ten years, with 
10 people dying compared 
with 15 during the same 
month last year. It is thought 
that the particularly high Au- 
gust figures are due to a 
heatwave in the area, which 
lias caused rock Tails because 
of a lack of ice on the 
mountain at night 

The total numlier of deaths 
on the French side of Mom 
Blunc increases hv around 10 
per cent a year, which is 
roughly the same as the yearly 
increase in climbers in the 
area. The gendarmerie moun- 
tain rescue sen. ice in Chamo- 
nix says that 5Q people died 
last year. 31 of them during 
July and August. 

• Link fails — An attempt to 
form a 53-mile human chain 
from Chamonix to the Swiss 
city of Geneva to celebrate the 
300ih anniversan of the first 
human ascent of Mont Blanc 
failed yesterday when gaping 
holes were detected in the 
chain (AFP reports). 

The organizers were forced 
to admit that too few people 
took pan. 

Checks on 
deals soar 

Investigations into sus- 
pected cases of insider dealing 
on the stock market, a crim- 
inal offence since 1981, nearly 
doubled last year says a Stock 
Exchange report published to- 

However, few cases ended 
in prosecution because of the 
difficulties in proving that 
anything illegal had taken 

The Stock Exchange investi- 
gated 81 1 cases of unusual 
price movements, possibly 
caused by investors using 
inside information, compared 
with 465 cases the year before. 

Full inquiries were 
launched into 35 cases, com- 
pared with 48 the year before. 
As a result, 10 cases were 
referred lo the Department of 
Trade and Industry. 

The report says that an 
increase in speculative activ- 
ity was mainly responsible for 
the rise in the number of 
initial investigations. 

Details, page 17 







Pay off all your 
bills NOW! 

Sente your C»«to Cans. HP . Bank Loans eic and M 
omaantfftqrwB m Onego- with usually cast) to spue 







LOANS OVER £ 120 X 1 I LOANS OVER £ 6.000 






£15.0)0 ovw 60 mown 
K Kg 68 at» mown lotalcoa 
mow* DM6H0 


YOU B*r ONIY £.' mME 

law EBM Bi Ml D4MJ D 



— -EWMIU' 
Ctefflttom ttmontnc 

arCm 46 Dwnuiwi Toed , 


— with UK- 


Tow cm or cam £ffi 73 D 6 B 

^ £57632 

'loans UP TO £8.000 




for 4 months 


a 000 cnar CD no«H 
IMVUSI 0*0*61 [803*0 


Tow cm oi BM917 




• No fees charged 

• Immediate decision given 
•Written Quotations 

• Self employed welcome 
* Licensed lenders and brokers 




Redundancy. AcDdBm.Sckne 2 in(! | 




r 080071 71 71r™ EE 

UK 3r$ p^yino ^ • 
for your phone call 

UR Financc'Ltd.^Mb<ecT-*.wi 



Pressure on 
Labour grows 
after spending 
plans audit 

By Sheila Gann, Political Staff 

The Labour Party came 
under increased pressure yes- 
terday to submit its spending 
programme to independent 
audit after the publication of 
two studies estimating that a 
Labour government would 
have to borrow between £23 
and £26 billion. 

Party strategists have so far 
refused to commission an 
independent audit in the hope 
that the claims of Treasury 
ministers will win rather than 
lose them votes. This is in 
spite ofa call from Mr Merlyn 
Rees, the former Labour 
Home Secretary, for indepen- 
dent analysis. 

Mr Roy Hattersley, the 
shadow Chancellor, has de- 
scribed as “fantasy figures" 
calculations made by Mr John 
MacGregor, Chief Secretary to 
the Treasury, which he based 
on Labour's plans. 

Mr MacGregor added to- 
gether the cost of the promises 
made by Opposition spokes- 
men and arrived at a total of 
£35 billion. Mr Nigel Lawson, 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
has challenged Mr Hattersley 
to produce his own figures. 

The two new audits, carried 
out by Phillips and Drew, the 
City stockbrokers, and the 
Item club of independent 
forecasters, come too close to 
agreeing with Mr MacGregor 
to be ignored by the Labour 

The main dispute between 
the new studies and the Trea- 
sury is about how Labour 
would fund its programme - 
by increased borrowing or by 
pushing up income tax or 

The Phillips and Drew audit 
gives some consolation to Mr 
Hattersley by not agreeing 
with Mr MacGregor that a 
Labour government would 
have to raise income tax from 
29p to 53p in the pound. It 
estimated that if the Oppo- 
sition borrowed more money 
as well, income tax would 
need to go up by only one 

penny in the pound in each of 
the third, fourth and fifth 
years of a Labour government. 

But this would be at the 
expense of government 
borrowing rising to £23biilion 
a year by the end of a five-year 
Parliament The audit report 
concluded that the Treasury 
was overlooking Labour's pro- 
posals for a revamped me- 
dium-term financial strategy. 

The Item group's study, 
commissioned by The Sunday 
Times . calculated that on the 
policies so far announced, a 
Labour government would 
have to borrow up to £26bil- 
lion a year by 1990. This 
compares with the present 
Government’ borrowing tar- 
get this year of £7.5 billion. 

The analysis said that 
Labour government would 
have to borrow £I5-£16 bil- 
lion in its first year in office; 
£18-£20 billion in the second 
year and £23-£26billion in the 
third year. 

The Item group also ques- 
tioned Mr Hattersley's plan to 
cut unemployment by one 
million. The extra spending 
planned by a Labour govern- 
ment would probably reduce 
it by only 500.000. it said. 

Mr Hattersley said the Item 
group's analysis “is in no 
sense independent" and Mr 
MacGregor's costings were 
based on false assumptions of 
Labour's plans. 

“Having said this, of course 
Labour will spend more than 
the present Government We 
will spend on jobs, health, 
education and industrial 
investment Even a modest 
assumption of the annual 
growth rate - say 2 per cent - 
will yield an extra £3.000 
million per annum to finance 
extra spending". 

He said the Shadow Cabinet 
had argued that it would work 
within a firm framework of 
financial control. Extra 
borrowing would be nothing 
like the £26 billion estimated 
by the Item group. 

Stalker in 
long wait 
for ruling 
on his fate 

Peter Davenport 

Mr John Stalker, the sus- 
pended Deputy Chief Con- 
stable of Greater Manchester, 
must wait onto at least August 
22 for the results of an inquiry 
into disciplinary all ega tions 
a gafost 

Thaf is when the Greater 
Manchester Police Authority 
will consider a report on 
allegations arising from his 
17-year friendship with Mr 
Kerin Taylor, a Manchester 
businessman «wf finim, tint 
he kept unwise associations 
with criminals. 

Yesterday Mr Stalker de- 
nied a report in The Sunday 
Times that he has been told 
unofficially that he has been 

As he prepared for a famil y 
party at his home near War- 
burton in Cheshire, he said: “I 
do not know if the report that I 
have been denied is true or 

“I do know that I have not 
been told, either officially or 
unofficially that that is the 
case. Regretfully It has not 
been said, I only wish it had." 
The report of the nine-week 

'Mr ' 

Mr Colin Sampson, Chid 
Constable of West Yorkshire. 
Each copy of the 1,500-page 
report nuts to seven, blue- 
bound volumes. 

It landed on the desk of Mr 
Rowland Moyle, deputy chair- 
man of the independent Police 
Complaints Authority and 
supervising officer in the in- 
vestigation, at tiie end of last 

Mr Moyle does not expect 
to finish his consideration of 
the report until the end of this 

Mr John Stalker at home yesterday. The 

week. The Police Complaints 
Authority has to authorize the 
inquiry as being fully and 
properly carried oat but it has 
DO rote in i wftnunwdtng 
whether action should be 
taken apina Mr Stalker. 

A decision on whether Mr 
Stalker should face disci- 
plinary charges can only be 
taken by the Greater Man- 
chester Policy Authority. 

Yesterday its acting chair- 
man, Mr David Moffatt, a 
Labour councillor, said that 
the Authority had not yet 
received its copies of the 

-week inquiry has tab 

report He would be the first to 
receive it, cm August 14. 

It is known that Mr Samp- 
son was asked to consider any 
possibility of involvement by 
either MI5 or the freemasons 
in the allegations 

He was also to consider a 
possible Northern Ireland 
connection, because of Mr 
Stalker's role in beading an 
investigation into an alleged 
sfaoot-to-kiD policy by the 
Royal Ulster Constabulary. It 
is. believed that the report 
comes oat against these 

en its toll on his family 

Mr Stalker was sent on 
extended leave on May 29, 
four days before be was due to 

return to Northern Ireland to 

finish his investigation. He 
was later formally suspended. 

He said yesterday: “My 
period away from work has 
had a profound affect on my 
family. I am a professional and 
can understand to a huge 
extent the procedures that 
have to be gone through. But 
my family don't understand 
and they have been saddened, 
and confused. 

Three to compete in chess play-off 

By Hairy Gotombek, Chess Correspondent 

Three players tied for first 
place in the Kleinwort 
Grieveson British Chess 
Championship in Southamp- 
ton yesterday after a thrilling 
last round. 

Murray Chandler. Jonathan 
Mestel and Jonathan 
Speelman, all grandmasters, 
took 8 points each out of 1 1. 

There will be a play-off 
between them, with place and 
time yet to be derided. 

Glen Rear and Daniel King, 
who are international masters, 
came next, half a point 

Chandler had been half a 
point behind Mestel and 
Sped man before the last 
round. Chandler played black 
against Michael Basman, an 
international master. Mestel 
and Speelman were white 
against Rear and King. 

Speelman played a surpris- 

ingly quick draw with King.' 
and Chandler defeated 
Basman after a hard fight in 
which Basman blundered. 

The last game to finish was 
Mesiel-Flear. Mestel was two 
points up in a rook ending but 
Rear defended well and man- 
aged to draw the game. 

The British Ladies' Cham- 
pion for 1986 is Susan Arkell 
who won with 9 points out of 


“Our job is now to take full advantage of the much stronger position which 
we have attained over the past two and a halfyears, in order to achieve real 
growth in earnings per share? 


Chairman's Statement 
July 1985 

Prdiinlnaiy results 

“firetand foremost I express pleasure in being able to announce a 24% 

increase in earnings per share? 

: r'' TT f* *■ * ^ I Chairman's statement 

July 1986 

••*•••> •'•at mh« • .«&> 

•s. ’ * • V ' , , W 

l J/rmAOiUf 

• . ; • v. • • 

. vE* 

As you can see from the earnings per 

share growth, we have fulfilled our 

task handsomely. 


Today’s BET is a tightly knit group of 
strategically related businesses, each 
aiming to provide the highest 
standards of service in support ofits 
commercial, industrial and public 
sector customers around the world. 

Evidence of the success of BEPs 
policies is reflected in the company's 
present performance and in its 
recent series of carefully chosen 
acquisitions - all on agreed terms 
and in line with our stated strategy. 

For more information about BET call 
our toll-free employee and 
shareholder information line - 
0800-2 89-629. Ifyou are not a 
shareholder and would like a copy of 
the annual report, please write to 
Neil Ryder at, BET Public Limited 
Company, Carlton House, 

Lower Regoit Street, London 

Meanwhile, ifyou crack more than a 
bottle of champagne, don’t forget 
BETcan replace your windows. • 



poll ends 
old myth 

The old saying: “Men sel- 
dom make passes at girls who 
wear glasses", is. untrue, 
according to the results of a 
survey published today. 

The survey, by the Gallup 
organization, shows that 89 
per cent of people tho^ht that 
the saying was nonsense. 

It aiso found that while 80 
per cent of people aged ova* 35 
in the United Kingdom wear 
glasses, only one in 10 is self- 
consdons about them. 

• Topping a poll iff spectade- 
wearing personalities were 
Michael Caine, the actor, and 
Anne Kirkbride, the actress 
who plays Deidie Barlow in 
Coronation StreeL 

Michael Caine was followed 
by Cliff Richard, Leslie 
Crowther, Ronnie Corbett, 
Dennis Taylor and Sir Robin 
Day. Miss Kirkbride finished 
ahead of So Pollard, the 
Queen, Sophia Loren, Nana 
Monskouri, Felicity Kendal 
and Marjorie Proops. 

The survey, commissioned 
by tiie British American Op- 
tical Company, showed that 
men generally have more pairs 
of glasses than women, that 
the Scots are more fashion- 
consdons, and that girls in 
Yorkshire are more sdf-con- 
srioos about wearing glasses 
than anyone else in Britain. 

When choosing glasses, 
men and women look first for 
comfort and style, then fash- 
ion, with price finishing 
surprisingly last 

unity on 

By Our Political Staff 

Social Democratic and Lib- 
eral Party strategists ha\c 
acted to’ stop supporters 
widening the rift on defence 
policy during the annual con 
faiences next month. 

The motions accepted for 
debate at the SDP’s con- 
ference in Harrogate call for 
the Alliance logo into the next 
general election with a joint 
defence policy. 

In the Liberals’ assembly 
delegates are told that 
no amendments will be taken 
to the Alliance's blueprint 
Priorities for the 1990s. These 
two moves make it more 
difficult for delegates to press 
for changes in policy. 

The rift has been caused by 
Dr David Owen's call for a 
dear Alliance commitment to 
replace Polaris when it be- 
comes obsolete unless world 
circumstances change 

Mr David Steel the Liberal 
leader, prefers to go along with 
an earlier Alliance report 
which said the decision could 
be put off for years. 

Mrs Shirley Williams, the 
SDP’s president, in her report 
in the agenda released today . 
tries to emphasize the scale of 
agreement between the two 
parties on defence. 

She says: "The exercise 
(Partnership for Progress) has 
already shown how close the 
two parties' views are, even on 
defence, though the specific 
issue of the replacement of 
Polaris revealed some dif- 
ferences of opinion within and 
between the parties, hardly 
surprising given the uncertain- 
ties of the intematinal scene 
and the unpredictable out- 
come of the superpower 
disarmament talks in 

The Social Democrats are 
likely to devote more time to 
examining their defence pol- 
icy, with a two-hour debate 

The only discussion on the 
subject at the Liberal assembly 
will come during a general 
debate on the wide-ranging 
Priorities for the 1990s docu- 
ment But the party will 
concentrate more on nuclear 
energy with a motion calling 
for a planned phasing out of 
all nuclear power. 

The SDP conference or- 
ganizers have not selected for 
debate a defence motion from 
the Glasgow North area party 
welcoming a commitment to 
"negotiating a real reduction 
and eventual elimination of 
nuclear weapons, so that 
though in certain circum- 
stances h may be necessary to 
replace Polans. our priority in 
government would be towards 
achieving success in such 
negotiations which would 
make such replacement 

acts to end 
reports of 
Tebbit rift 

By Our Political Staff 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher will 
set off on her Cornish holiday 
today hopeful that she has 
managed to end. reports of a 
serious rift between herself 
and Mr Norman Tebbit. the 
Conservative Party chairman. 

Mr Tebbit and his wife. 
Margaret, are also off on 
holiday to France after what a 
close adviser described as. 
“one of the most unpleasant 
weeks of his life". 

Downing Street had denied 
speculation last uvok that he 
was on the point or resigning 
because of differences with the 
Prime Minister. But much to 
Mrs Thatcher’s consternation, 
reports of a rift continued. 

There was no contact be- 
tween the two last week. Mr 
Tebbit was in Devon, only 
returning to London on Fri- 
day. while Mrs Thatcher was 
at the Commonwealth mini- 
summit before going into 
King Edward Vi! Hospital for 
Officers in London for surgery 
on her right hand. 

News of Mrs Thatcher’s 
long telephone call to Mr 
Tebbit on Saturday will do far 
more to demonstrate that he 
still enjoys her confidence. 
During the calL from Che- 
quers to Mr Tebbit’s London’ 
home. Mrs Thatcher made 
plain that she considered the 
stories to be untnie. 

He is expected to remain as 
chairman after the autumn 
reshuffle, although a new dep- 
uty will be brought in to 
concentrate oh presenting the 
Government's policies and 
record in the run-up to the 
next general election. 

Mrs Thatcher is known to 
be unhappy that the Govern- 
ment's message is not getting 
across to the electorate. But 
most of her colleagues accept 
this as a normal problem 
when a Government is half- 
way through a second term. 

There is no doubt that Mr 
Tcbbit's health is causing 
concern among his colleagues, 
as he still suffers pain from the 
injuries inflicted by the bomb 
explosion at the Grand Hotel, 
Brighton, 22 months ago. 


Lormeiazcpam tablets, manu- 
factured by Schering Chemicals 
Lid and referred to in a High 
Court hearing reported in The 
Times on July 1 1, continue to be 
available on National Health 
Service prescription, the manu- 
facturers point out 

Buyfac TX 

Austria S 

■MiScIi 29; Betghnu B FfS Nfc 
Canada S2.75: Canaries Pea 20® 
Cyprus 70 onus.- Draiuark Dfcr 9.00; 
Finland Mkk 9.00: France Fra a«h 
Germany DM UO; Gibraltar OOtr. 
Greece Dr 180: Holland Ql 3.60: hut, 
Republic 4G|K Daly L 2.700: Lumn- 
bourn U 46: Madeha Esc 170; Malta 
35c: Morocco Dtr 10.00: Norway Kr 
9 00; Pakistan Rps 1 8; Portugal Esc 

— ■■Rand S 

Franca 3.00: Tunisia Din BOJOO: USA 
Si .76: Yugoslavia Din 400. 

9 00; Pakistan Rps lffc Portm 
170; Sinroora S&Tso: Spam v 
Sweden Skr 9.00; Swilzart 

Damselfly rescue 

Anglian Water has launched 
an operation in Lincolnshire 
to save the damselfly. a slen- 
der-bodied species of the 

There are 16 breeding vari- 
eties in Britain although three 
are thought to be extinct. Ten 
of those remaining have been 
identified in surveys of local 
waters in the past 18 months, 
eight of them within a 12-mile 
radius of Lincoln. 

Many of their normal habi- 
tats are highly vulnerable to 
pollution, changing water lev- 

els. removal of aquatic vegeta- 
tion, destruction of bankside 
habitat and overstocking with 
ducks or fish. 

Dr Chris Extence. a water 
authority biologist, said: “Cer- 
tain parts of Lincolnshire 
undoubtedly form important 
refuges for these spectacular 
insects and measures are now 
being taken to help conserve 
critical habitats, to preserve 
the existing damselfly popula- 
tion and hopefully encourage 
additional species to breed" 

Ulster turmoil 

Deputy challenges Paisley 

By Richard Ford 

The streetwise in Northern 
Ireland always say that when 
the Rev Ian Paisley is absent 
from the country trouble be- 
gins. Others add now that 
while tiie “big man" Is away, 
his deputy will play. 

Bat rarely has Northern 
Ireland witnessed the sight of 
Mr Paisley, leader of the 
Democratic Unkuist Party, 
cutting short a tour of the 
United States to return home, 
ostensibly to support his dep- 
uty, Mr Peter Robinson. 

It is the second time this 
year that be has hurried home 
from America, and while no 
one should underestimate his 
ability, popularity and 
determination to remain the 
leader of bis own creation, Mr 
Paisley's position is being 
eroded and exposed by the 
latest crisis facing muoaism. 

It Is not often that Mr 
Paisley, aged 60, is seen in the 
role of sideshow to his deputy 
and if Mr Robinson travels to 
the Irish Republic for hb court 
appearance one thing is ess- 
tain — Mr Paisley wffl be at 
his side for the pictures and 

In the 20 years since his 
political career began Ire has 
commanded the scene with a 
mixture of erode anti-Roman 
Catholic rhetoric, daring pub- 
licity stunts and burlesque 
good humour.. He remains a 
master at coups that both 
delight Us supporters- and 
homfy respectable opinion, 
but he is ageing and visibly 

His party has expanded 
from being kttie more-then an 
adjunct to his other creation, 
the Free Presbyterian Church, 
so that It rivals' the older' 
Official Unionists organize- 

Mr Peter Robinson, role 
seen as threat to leader. 

t.; . 

The Rev Ian Paisley, Ameri- 
can trip cot short. 

tion and he has had to delegate 
authority to younger ambitious 

With seats at Westminster 
and the European Parliament 
and at least three preaching 
engagements every Sunday it 
is a punishing pace. Party 
colleagues privately admit that 
he s no longer the fount of all 
wisdom and tactics or as sharp 
and surefooted as be was years 
ago. They insist that he wifi 
romam as leader for as long as 

he wishes, but some foresee a 
time when he will increasingly 
be a figurehead, white others 
are In the forefront of the 
political battle. 

White his base is rooted in 
niral Protestant Northern Ire- 
land. with its deep conser- 
vatism and strict adherence to 
the sabbath, many of those 
attracted to the party, because 
of its populism and more 
working class base, have ur- 
ban backgrounds and the 
advantage of further 

Several of them are dose 
allies of Mr Robinson, who, at 
37, is credited with being the 
person who organized the 
party into a political machine, 
and in the process made 
himself an independent and 
indispensable deputy to Mr 
Paisley. 7 

Although a non-drinker and 
non-smoker who did not come 
to the DUP via the Free 
Presbyterian Church, Mr 
Robinson, with a vast blue- 
collar constituency in east. 
Belfast, is aware of the ddi- 
' cate balance that must be 
drawn between firmly uphold- 
ing Sabbatarian principles and 
the wishes of many working 
class voters. 

Bat it is on the issue of 
hardline tactics to oppose the 
Anglo-Irish agreement that 
the most obvious divisions 
occur between Mr Paisley and 
his deputy. The paramilitaries 
and hardliners have lost faith 
an the DUP leader, while 
wondering whether in Mr 
Robinson they have found a 
man to lead them into 
confrontation. His appearance 
*n Co Monaghan has not. 
disappointed them. 

Ulster’s tOllgb man, pa p- 12j 

\ ill ** 
,, r t 

3ft *-* 

firms 'i: 
'com iK n 

■hn is !■.. 





I - 




•«»: \ :i» 

(VjVi -Ml * * 

li> !>'mi • 
;t-«i t . ■> 


\ i;ui. 
».,!! !..* 
tV »l t 

’ N 

; ts «f 





: ... 1 ■=!...> 


• : nr 

v.rir.M'., : 

O.11 SJi.i: j ” 
v :.,t, ... j : 

• ■ " M N;, 

. . \ "S 

tana.;:: ; 
lh.%. j 

t : 

••0 !■; •. , ; 

•: • l ‘"ill? 

WVil !■>, • 

•:« i. ' 

t : h'n 

. . n -Vi 

■» il» 1 V 


IT-. s: 

1 >• • 

.• ( 1 1'. ■- 

:«i n: .. 
lis- .• > . 

»l !! ■*' 

»’ >T ! S%£ ! . 

i! v. .. 

•.U\ . 


i-V >• 

i •' 

» -•" - 

•• :\y-i 

■i, I ■ imL 



'•!.T ;:V W 
. : 

i •>'. •":? if 

• • ! *■ * 

■ xfc‘ 

, .'". J ‘ ' -T 2 T- 

; nrs^ 
"‘•iiihi n . 

• r ,,| iiiu * 

• • : -.-n 
1 iik*! 

• "•.'jiil* 

•• ■•Mj* 

• Tilt » 

• -Cr'S* 

• n. i- 

r -era-lion 


• 1 •• ‘n»«l tipllll 

■- -> . • pi* 

*. i id - .is Hi . 

.. •• IV-rf-kltf' 

I I i'.r flf 
• V i.ImmI 

. I * 1 .i.l !K: 

■* . \ : ’X \i 
■ j>< "l 

. I- 1 -.1 1-K'l 
.... . - I'.'..., 

•- -ftr*- 

■ •--I—. 

.. . : o: 

iciil> rescue 




... ^ • •• 

tir - ! i 

■t-tV ' 


V\- • • 

in banks, certificates 
and Premium Bonds 

A “sleeping economy” of 
forgotten savings certificates, 
dormant- bank ■ accounts and 
unclaimed Premium Bond 
prizes, together worth more 
than £i billion, is being built 
up in Britian. 

This mountain of appar- 
ently unwanted money is 
growing steadily, helped by 
the increasing tendency of 
people to change banks more 

The Department of Na- 
tional Savins said yesterday 
that. £163,881,000 was in- 
vested in accounts fiat have 
been declared inactive. 

This means that the 
46,935,000 Post Office saving 
accounts have not been 
touched for five years or more, 
and are apparently forgotten. 

In addition, the department 
said that there were pre-war 
savings certificates worth £13 
million. “out there 
somewhere**, which have yet 
to be redeemed. 

The main clearing basks 
will not disclose bow much is' 
lying in dormant accounts, bm 
the value of 58,683 unclaimed 
Premium Bond prizes 
amounts to £3,494, 1 00. 

Mr Michael Fesemeyer, a 
banking expert with the stock- 

brokers, Savory MiHn, said 
that the amount of dormant 
money must be substantial 
and was bound to increase as 
people moved from tank to 
bank more often, and left 
small amounts behind 

The dormant accounts area 
mixed Messing for the banks, 
which are reluctant to discuss 
numbers. Although they pro- 
vide a core of stable money, 
die individual amounts tend 
to be small and the accounts 
are expensive to process. 

Although bank managers 
try regularly to chase up the 
holders of dormant accounts, 
Mr Fesemeyer said: “If the 
holders suddenly withdrew all 
their money and spent it, 1 
think it would hit the clearing 
banks quite hard, depriving 
them of money they could use 

Building societies will not 
disclose either exactly how 
much money is in dormant 
accounts. A spokesman for the 
Building Societies Association 
said that a very conservative 
estimate would suggest about 
£6 million. 

A new “growth** area for 
slumbering cash is in un- 
claimed share dividends. 
More and more people own 

shares, often through staff 
share schemes, increasing the 
- number of certificates that can 
be lost, forgotten or left in the 

Already there are special 
bank accounts into which 
companies pay dividends due 
to people who have apparently 

Occasionally the sleeping 
economy stirs. This year, 
negotiations with both China 
ana the Soviet Union have 
raised the possibility that mil- 
lions of pounds owed to 
United Kingdom holders of 
pre-revolutionary bonds 
might be paid. 

The news caused a flurry 
among inheritors of the 
bonds, who had hitherto 
thought of them as a superior 
kind of wallpaper. 

Nobody knows what would 
happen if all the dormant, 
money were to be daimed and' 
spent. Some economists be- 
lieve h might give a modest, 
but healthy, boost to the 

But. with the chances being 
slim of millions of people 
simultaneously reclaiming 
their forgotten funds, they will 
have to be content to let 
deeping cash lie. 

London fire officers (from left} Chris Whippe, Pat Langley and Andrew Scott demonstrating an 1891 Shand Mason steam 
fire engine, first used by the Rrekmansworth Voluntary fire Brigade ami now owned by London Fire Brigade, at an open day 

west London, yesterday (Photograph: Harry Kerr). 

Yard to revive 
art theft squad 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

Scotland Yard is to resur- 
rect its arts and antiques 
squad after an internal survey 
showed a need for the special- 
ist team in the light of national 
and international art theft. 

The squad, considered the 
best of its kind in the country, 
was disbanded several years' 
ago as part of an efficiency and 
reorganization drive. There 
was an outcry from dealers, 
who feared its disappearance 
would open the way for more 
art thefts and frauds. 

Detectives had built np a 
computerized system of 
records with tens of thousands 
of entries.- and issued bulletins 
on thefts or criminal opera- 
. lions. An index on art crime 
continued to be maintained 
for use by London and provin- 
cial forces. 

The inquiry showed that 
there would be plenty of work 
for detectives in this country, 
and working with detectives 
abroad, as the theft of art or 
antiques continues to expand. 

The hew squad, under the 
command of a detective chief 
inspector, wifi expand the 
index and update the files, 
working with other forces and 
specialist groups maintained 
in a number of countries. The 
team, which will be part of the 
Yard’s Cl detective branch, 
will be smaller than its 

• The number of applicants 
wanting to transfer from the 
Metropolitan Police to other 
areas of the country has been 
rising so steeply that almost as 
many officers have applied to 
leave this year as for the whole 
of 1985. 

According to figures re- 
leased by Scotland Yard, 326 
officers had asked for a trans- 
fer up to the last week of July. 
Last year a total of 397 officers 
sought a transfer but no 
figures are available of the 
number who actually moved. 

This year the latest figures 
show that 137 officers have 
■ been allowed to transfer. The 
vast majority are constables. 

The exodus represents less 
than 2 per cent of the 27,000- 
strong London force but will 
wony senior officers who 
have unproved selection and 
training in recent years. 

All officers seeking a trans- 
fer have been interviewed 
about their reasons and the 
majority refer to domestic 
factors. A huxnber say they 
wish to return to their home 
towns and go on to join other 
targe urban forces. 

The rise comes in the wake 
of the street disorders in 
Brixton and Tottenham last 
autumn. Senior officers have 
accepted that such disorders 
can increase pressure . and 
stress on police. 

Firms ‘unprepared for 
computer sabotage 9 

By Bill Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 

Few British companies 
appreciate the damage com- 
puter saboteurs can do, and 
have . no proper insurance 
cover, according to a com- 
puter insurance director. 

Yet most companies are so 
dependent on computers that 
' any such tinkering would 
throw the business into chaos, 
Mr David Davies, a director 
of the risk management di- 
vision of Hogg Robinson, the 
insurance brokers, added 
He said the spread, of micro- 

computers meant more and 
more people were acquiring 
technical skills. It was becom- 
ing increasingly common for 
disgruntled staff to program 
instructions into the computer 
that would be triggered only 
aftertheir departure. 

Most companies had no 
insurance for the con- 
sequences of such logic time- 
.bombs, he said. Companies 
tended to be. uninsured even 
for accidental computer 

Briton in 
Costa Rica 

By Our Crime Reporter 

One of the Britons sought 
by Scotland Yard For 
questioning about the £26 
million Brinks-Mat robbery 
has been discovered living' in 
Costa Rica, after vanishing 
last month while awaiting 
expulsion fro in Spairti 

John Fleming's flight comes 
at a time when there is 
growing concern in London 
that Spain's new legislation 
controlling aliens may en- 
counter difficulties in Spanish 

Mr Fleming, aged 45, for- 
merly of south London, dis- 
appeared nearly two weeks 
ago after the courts ruled that 
he would have to leave Spain 
because of passport irregular- 
ities which breached the new 
Aliens Act 

Friends reported that he 
had gone to Brazil, but Scot- 
land Yard was suspicious and 
he has been traced to a hotel in 
Costa Rica, a past haven for 
Britons expelled from Spain. 

The country is one of a 
number in Latin America that 
have no extradition arrange- 
ments with Britain, but the 
Yard has sent out an officer to 
discuss the position with the 
authorities. Last year Costa 
Rica announced that im- 
migration rules were being 


Another senior Scotland 
Yard officer is doe to travel to 
Spain in the next few weeks to 
talk to authorities in Madrid 
about the progress of the 
Aliens Art . 

Two Britons have been 
excluded from Spain by the 
Act but last week there were 
reports that three others, 
inducting men linked to the £6 
million Security Express rob- 
bery in 1983, have successfully 
appealed against attempts to 
force them to leave. 

There is concern that the 
grounds for successful appeals 
could be used to protect others 
wanted in Britain. Up to 15 
expulsion orders have been 
served on Britons since the 
spring and a number are going 
through the court process at 

Man is held 
after airport 
stab death 

A -man was being ques- 
tioned by police last night 
after a woman was stabbed to 
death and two other men 
injured in a brawl at Galwick 

Police refused to name the 
people involved until relatives 
had been informed. All were 
said to be airpoft employees in 
their twenties. 

An incident room was set 
up at the airport an da post- 
mortem examination on the 
dead woman will be held 

Ambulancemen were called 
to the third-floor restaurant 
and rushed two men, suffering 
from serious knife wounds, to 
the East Surrey HospilaL • 

They- returned half an horn- 
later after another telephone 
call saying that a woman had 
also been stabbedShe died in 
spite of emergency treatment. 

The stabbmgs were wit- 
nessed by passengers waiting 
to catch holiday flights. 

• Police in Hertfordshire 
launched a murder inquiry 
yesterday after a youth aged 
21, believed to be from Glas- 
gow, was killed during a fight 
at the Queen rods festival at 
Knebworth Park, near 
Stevenage on Saturday night. 
It is thought that be was 
stabbed five times.. 

Police said that the concert, 
licensed for 120,000 people, 
was attended by a “capacity 
crowd”.“Ttae concert - had 
been peaceful until this iso- 
lated incident,” the police 
said. Several youths were be- 
ing detained at -Stevenage 
police station. 

surgery for 
Stan the crane 

A veterinary surgeon at 
Bristol University has per- 
formed what is believed to be 
the first operation to implant 
artificial ligaments in a bird. 

The Stanley crane at the 
Rode Tropica] Bird Gardens, 
Somerset, is making a good 
recovery from the operation. 

Dr Alan Goodship, of the 
Bristol University Veterinary 
School, operated on the crane, 
named Stan, after its leg was 
hurt when it was scared by a 
low-flying aeroplane. 

The stf-dissohring poly- 
ester ligaments will help the 
bird to move until its natural 
ligaments grow back. 

Dr Goodship, who- had 
previously used- the treatment 
only on -horses, said: “It was 
his last chance so Fm pleased I 
was able to help”. 

f • '* ■ i 

4 . I 

% i 

Stanley the crane after the 
surgery on his leg. 

wife may 

A Bristol woman may in- 
herit £15,000 insurance money 
from the man She thought she 
had divorced. 

The parents of Mr Simon 
Wookey, a welder, aged 24, 
who was killed in a holiday 
road crash, want Mrs Sandra 
Wookey to waive her right to 
the cash in favoar ©f her 
fhiMnPw. Mr Wooiuy died 

Mrs Wookey, aged 24, be- 
lieved that she was divorced 
when the decree nisi forms 
were posted to the registrar on 
a Friday afternoon. But on the 
same day her estranged hus- 
band, was knocked off his 
hired moped on a Greek 
island, and died. 

The weekend postal delay 
meant that the divorce could 
not be nude absolute until the 
Monday morning. 

Mr Wookey’s parents want 
their daughter-in-law to pat 
the money into a trust fund for 
her children, Daniel, aged 
seven, and Luke, Med four. 

They live with Mrs Wookey 
and her friend, Mr Steve 
Nethercotf, at the bouse in 
Water-bridge Road, Bristol 
she shared with her husband 
until 10 months ago. 

Mrs Wookey has refused to 
comment but Mr Nethercotf 
said that she had not agreed to 
the trust fond plan. 

Mr N ethe reott , aged 30, 
sakk “Whatever money comes 
into his bouse will go straight 
to the children. After all it only 
adds up to 15 years* mainte- 
nance money which was what 
she had coming to her 
anyway.” ■ 

• In law, Mrs Wookey would 
not have inherited the money If 
her divorce had been made 
absolute because she would no 
longer be regarded as his next 
of kin. 

Medical negligence 

£lm award ‘is on horizon 9 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent. 

Britain's first £1 million 
award to a victim of medical 
negligence “looms ominously 
on the horizon”, doctors have 
been told. 

The number of doctors 
befog sued has doubled in the 
past 10 years, accompanied by 
a “sensational” increase in the 
sums awarded by the courts 
and paid to settle negligence 
claims, according to the trea- 
surer of the Medical Defence 
Union, Dr Hugh Halle. 

“The rise in the frequency 
and cost of litigation is certain 
to continue,” Dr Halle has 
written in the latest issue of 
the union's Journal. 

“On any day, any member 
of the union, irrespective of 
status or seniority, may be 
involved in a mishap which 
may lead lo a huge claim,” he. 

said. Last year, sums exceed- 
ing £600,000 were awarded in 
individual cases, and the £1 
million award “looms omi- 
nously on the horizon”. 

“We can see some of the 
results of fear of litigation,” 
Dr Halle said. “Many doctors 
and dentists are already 
practising ‘defensive 
medicine'; the caesarian sec- 
tion rate is rising and in- 
vestigations are carried out 
which are not clinically nec- 
essary, but whose omission 
might be criticized in court” 

Although patients should be 
told of the principal risks of a 
procedure, over-emphasizing 
those risks could lead to them 
refusing to accept, potentially 
life-saving treatment Patients 
who were damaged as a result 
of negligence deserved 
compensation, he. said. 

The Medical Defence 
Union represents about 
80,000 doctors and dentists in 
Britain, providing advice and 
assistance 'to members who 
have claims made against 
them. It is the biggest 
organization of its kind in the 

Dr Halle gave a warning 
that the rise in the frequency 
and cost of litigation meant 
“steep increases” in members' 
subscriptions were 

The union will announce its 
new rates later this month. A 
report in the current issue of 
General Practitioner, ; a weekly 
magazine for doctors, says the 
increases could be as much as 
70 per cenL A spokesman for 
the union would not confirm 
the figures at the weekend. 

Fears for former patients 

Mind, the mental health 
association, has called for 
greater supervision of people 
discharged from psychiatric 
hospitals after an inquiry into 
the suicide of 1 5 patients of St 
John's Psychiatric Hospital. 

The association daimed 
that the effects of hospital 
closures and inadequate 
community care on the safety 
and mental health of dis- 
charged 1 patients' were leading 
to an increase in suicides. 

It called on the Government 
to provide up-to-date figures 
on suicide rates. “We will be 
asking the minister to com- 
ment on these figures in 
relation to the implementa- 
tion of_ its Care-in-tbe- 
Community 1 policy,” Mrs 

By JSU Sherman 

Lydia Sinclair, Mind's legal 
officer, said. 

The policy, introduced in 
1981. encouraged the closure 
of large mental health institu- 
tions., and the provision of 
alternative community 

Trent Regional Health 
Authority announced last 
week that it wottld hold an 
independent inquiry into sui- 
cides at St John's Hospital in 
the • past 19 months, after 
relatives had complained that 
the hospital may have released 
patients too early. 

Cohse, the health service 
union, has threatened to take 
industrial action at the hos- 
pital due to close in 1991, in 
protest against the alleged 
early discharges. 

The union was due to start a 

work-to-ru!c campaign today, 
but on Friday officials gave 
North Lincolnshire Health 
Authority seven days to con- 
sider a series of proposals. 

Three of the IS suicides 
were hospital in-patients while 
seven were on tnal leave. The 
remainder were patients who 
had been discharged for sev- 
eral months. 

A spokeswoman for St 
John's Hospital said that the 
inquiry had been instigated 
after national publicity about 
the deaths. 

Office of Population Cen- 
suses and Surveys figures 
showed that Trent had the 
second highest suicide rate in 
Britain, with 374 suicides 
recorded in 1984. In the West 
Midlands, 411 suicides were 

Baby from ‘family at 
risk 9 dies of Aids 

A baby in Manchester has 
died after contracting Aids 
(acquired immune deficiency 
sydromel a North West Re- 
gional Health Authority 
spokesman said yesterday. 

Mr Ian Rhodes, the 
authority's regionalpress and 
public relations officer, said 
that the child aged about 12 
months was from a family 
classed as being “at risk”, but 
it was not a haemophiliac. 

“The child probably con- 
tracted Aids during preg- 
nancy, or just after, from its 
mother” be said. To protect 
the family, no further details 
were being disclosed. 

Reports that the child died 
at Manchester's Monsall Iso^ 

lation Hospital' were dis- 
missed by a spokesman. 

Mr Rhodes said that the 
death occurred in the plast two 
weeks. “If a mother carries the 
Aids virus we think there is a 
50 per cent chance of that 
being passed on to a child 
during, or just after, preg- 

“However, the chances of 
-the child then passing it on to 
other members of the family 
are virtually nil,” be said. 

Mr Rhodes rejected reports 
that the baby died in an 
ambulance. He would not 
confirm other reports that it 
died in a private car on its way 
to hospital- 

Aids threat behind call 
to rethink TV series 

The Channel 4 television 
company has been urged by 
Mrs Mary Whitchouse to 
reconsider plans to broadcast 
a series on homosexuality, in 
view of the rising incidence of 

Mrs Whhehouse, president 
of the National Viewers’ and 
Listeners* Association, said 
yesterday that she had written 
to Mr Jeremy Isaacs, the 
company’s chief executive, to 
express concern about the 
series. Six of Hearts, which is 
due to be screened in the 

"It is essential, for 
everyone's sake, that before 

these programmes are shown, 
they are most dosely scruti- 
nized for any verbal or visual 
element which could make 
being -‘gay' appear normal or 
in any way to be 

She was worried also about 
a project for a magazine 
programme on homosexual 
concerns, presently under dis- 
cussion at Channel 4. Every- 
thing possible should be- done 
to protect the public from the 
terrible threat of Aids, she 

Channel 4 declined to com- 
ment until Mr Isaacs had 
received her letter. 

Gory days again at ‘house of horror’ 

By Gavin Bell, Arts Correspondent 

Shrieks which have been 
issuing from a reputedly 
haunted seventeenth century 
mansion in Berkshire owe 
their origin to the activities of 
Mr John Boorman, foe film 
director, and not to a revival of 
the spirits. 

Sounds of tear began to 
emanate from the former 
Hammer Flints “House of' 
Horror” near Bray last Friday 
when he arrived .to direct 
scenes in Hope nod G lory, a 
film about a family enduring 
the w ar tim e blitz of London. 

The prediction, starring Sa- 
rah Miles and Ian Batmen, is 

title first since the boose by the 
Thames was bought from an 
industrial holding company 
two years ago. 

The Sam nelson FDm Ser- 
vice has equipped the studios 
with a £1 million custom-built 
sound stage, the first to be 
constructed in Britain for 
many years, and Is optimistic 
that the new facilities will help 
to revive the ailing UK film 

Mr Sydney Samudsoo, the 
company chairman, said yes- 
terday: “AH four stages in the 
complex are fully booked until 
October with the Boorman 

film and several television 

His mam concern for die 
future was a relative lack of 
government support for in- 
dependent producers. “Com- 
pared with other countries, 
stale assistance in Britain is 
sadty tacking”, be said; 

“Producers in France and 
Australia, for example, benefit 
from important government 
subsidies, and it shows. 

Mr Tony Bagley, manager 
of the Bray studios since 197L 
said he was delighted by die 

Dncuta and Frankenstein 
moved out of the mansion 20 
years ago, when Hammer 
transferred its spinechiOers to 
Clstree, Hertfordshire. They 
left behind a mysterious lady 
In bine who is said tohauntan 
upstairs corridor. 

“Nobody has seen or heard 
anything of her since we 
moved in”, Mr Samueteon 
saHL “It might be something to 
do with ns removing the 
Idtosyacracies of the old 
plumbing system. Or she 
could be pitting for absent 

‘Ambush 9 
puts fan 
in hospital 

Stephen Gower, a Derby 
County football supporter, 
who celebrates his twentieth 
birthday today, was in 
Chesterfield Royal Hospital 

S day with a suspected 
red skufl. 

Police said that be had been 
ambushed by a group of 
Chesterfield supporters. 

A man aged 20 from 
Brimington, Chesterfield, was 
being questioned by police 
yesterday and detectives be- 
gan a hunt for youths believed 
to have been involved. 

The attack on Mr Gower, of 
Uxbridge Road, Runon-on- 
Trent. happened at St Mary’s 
Gate, Chesterfield, 10 minutes 
before the kick-off on Sat- 
urday of the first leg of the 
Chesterfield v Derby County 
match in the Derbyshire Cen- 
tenary Cup. 

Derby won 5-1 and the 
game drew a crowd of 1,900. 

• The North Sea feny battle 
between 150 Manchester 
.United and West Ham 
supporters is to be discussed at 
a meeting of 50 Football 
League clubs and leading foot- 
ball administrators at Keele 
University in north Stafford- 
shire, starting tomorrow. The 
two-day conference is entitled, 
“Football’s Family Face: The 
Way Forward”. 

Jimmy Hill the television 
presenter and director of 
Charlton Athletic, will be 
chairman and the speakers 
include Ted Croker, the Foot- 
tall Association secretary, and 
Philip Outer, the new League 

More than half the Football 
League clubs will be repre- 
sented at the conference, or- 
ganized by David Capper, 
assistant manager of Stoke 

• A man aged 24 from the 
Manchester area will appear 
before magistrates at Harwich, 
Essex tomorrow, charged with 
affray .during the riots on the 
Kon ingin Beatrix ferry. 

Another 14 men have been 
given tail while transport 
police complete 


Police appealed for any 
photographs taken by holiday- 
makers during the fighting 
early on Friday morning. 

yacht is 

By Barry Pickthall 

Endeavour, the 1 30ft J Class 
racing yacht built in 1934 for 
Sir Thomas Sopwilh’s first 
challenge for the America's 
Cup. was re-launched at 
Calshot, Southampton, 
yesterday .seven years after 
restoration began to return the 
once-crusting hulk to its for- 
mer splendour. 

The 150-ton sloop, the only 
British yacht to win the 
America's Cup twice, cost 
£ 110,000 to build, and was 
one of only 1 0 built to contest 
the cup before the New York 
Yacht Gub. the trophy's 
custodians, reverted to 12 - 
metre class yachts after the 
war. She changed hands for a 
reputed £10 in 1978 when 
John Amos took on the task of 
rebuilding her. 

He sold the hulk in 1984 to 
Elizabeth Meyer, aged 33, the 
American heiress who is a 
member of the banking and 
newspaper publishing family. 

Miss Meyer, who describes 
herself as single and single- 
minded, has made a small 
fortune for herself in real 
estate dealings. 

She has spent £2 million 
replacing all but the mast step 
of the yacht, and those who 
have worked alongside her 
expert the bill to be more than 
£5 million before Endeavour is 
finally fitted out and re-rigged 
in two years' time. 

“Endeavour ’ s rusting steel 
frames and plating were like 
laeeworic, and we've replaced 
almost every bit of her, bit by 
bit to retain her exact lines,” 
one restorer said yesterday as 
the yacht slid gracefully back 
into the water to cheers from 
hundreds of onlookers. 
Endeavour will be towed to 
Germany to be fitted out in 
the style of an old-fashioned 
men's club with five state- 
rooms and crew quarters for 
10 . 

Miss Meyer hopes to race 
her against VelshcdaAstm and 
Shamrock, the only other 
remaining J class yachts, in 
exhibition races in the Medi- 
terranean, West Indies, and 
New England. 

i r*W 

t ** 


Holiday in 
for winner 

A retired British Army colo- 
nel from Somerset shared 
£16.000 with two other win- 
ners in the weekly Portfolio 

Colonel Bryan Hazelron, of 
Stoke snb Hamdon, who won 
£5,33333, said yesterday that 
he would use some of the 
money on a holiday in the 
sooth of France wiih bis wife, 

“We were so surprised this 
has encouraged us to keep 
playing Portfolio”, he said. 

The other winners were Mr 
M. Page;, of Kettering. North- 
amptonshire, and Mr C. 
Cuish, of Dunoon, Strath- 
clyde, in Scotland. 

Mis Barbara Whitten, aged 
57, of Kirk by in Ashfield, 
Nottinghamshire, shared the 
£12,000 daily Portfolio Gold 
prize with two other winners. 

Mrs Whitten, who has been 
playing Portfolio since it be- 
gan, said she played the game 
every morning and then got 
her husband to check the 
numbers. 4 *! am delighted” she 

Mrs Kathleen Jonas, of 
Marlborough Hill St John's 
Wood, north-west London, 
and Mrs H. Hancock, from 
Crediton, Devon, each won 

Readers who experience 
difficulty obtaining a gold 
card, should send a stamped 
addressed envelope to: 
Portfolio Gold, 

The Times. 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6 AJ. 

Mrs Barbara Whitten, who 
won a third share of £ 12,000 

Junior doctor 
is charged 

A junior doctor was charged 
on Saturday night concerning 
alterations to anaesthetic 
charts while he was employed 
at Lister Hospital, Stevenage, 

Eliyatfaamby Knochara- 
lingant, aged 36, of Brixton, 
south London, who was 
charged under the Counterfeit 
and Forgery Art of 1981, was 
remanded on bail nntil 
September 15. A patient died 
at the hospital two weeks ago 
after an exploratory operation. 

Divorce rise 
in Scotland 

Scotland recorded a 12 per 
cent rise in divorces to 13373 
last year, nearly 10 per cent of 
which were granted to couples 
married for more than 25 

The Registrar General for 
Scotland said that 47 per cent 
of divorces occurred in the first 
10 years of marriage, and that 
10 per cent had been through 
the process before. 

River rescue 
by woman 

A Red Cross training officer - 
with two plastic hips has saved I 
an 18-stone man from drown- 
mg while on holiday in 7 
Yugoslavia. ' 

Mrs Jean Walker, aged 57 , 7 
of Allestree, Derbyshire, gave - 
the man, a Norwegian aged ; 
about 50 first-aid for an honr - 
after wading 30ft into a swirl- 7 
ing river to poll him out. 

Dog’s success ; 

Mr Jim Cropper, of' 
Rossendale, Lancashire, with J 
his dog. Cap, won the English 
National Sheepdog Trials at : 
BeadnelL near Berwick- upon- 
Tweed, Scotland, with 206.. 

Equine guest 

Benney's Boy, a seven-year- 
old gelding, noised for more 
than two years by Miss Vic- 
toria Gaze after he damaged a 
front leg as a three-year-old, 
was gnest-of-bononr at her 
wedding to Mr Anthony Wil- 
loughby, at Meonstoke, 
Hampshire, on Saturday. 

Baby ‘better’ 

Kate Stephens, aged four 
months, the latest victim of 
meningitis in the Stroud area 
of Gloucestershire, was out of 
danger yesterday. 

Death crash 

A woman driver was killed 
and two children injured yes- 
terday when their car was 
involved in a collision with a 
fire engine outside the fire 
station at BexhiU, Sussex. 

Hotel blaze 

More than 30 people were 
rescued from the Red Coral 
Hotel, Sussex Gardens, west 
London, early yesterday when 
a fire destroyed parts of the 
basement and third floor. 


Fight against asthmacl 

Inadequate treatment 
is blamed for most 
deaths from disease 

One in every 10 children is 
an asthma sufferer, and al- 
though more research than 
ever is being conducted, a cure 
remains elusive. 

Improvements in treatment 
in the past 20 years mean that 
asthmatics can be helped and 
protected by a range of drags 
and inhalants. Even so, the 
condition remains for many a 
daily, or frequent, blight on 
their lives and a constant 
worry for their families. 

More wotrying is the fact 
that in spite of apparent 
progress, the annual death toll 
is practically the same as it 
was almost 30 years ago. 
“There is evidence from sev- 
eral surveys of asthma deaths 
that inadequate and dilatory 
treatment, and failure to rec- 
ognize the need for immediate 
admission to hospital, are 
responsible for most asthma 
deaths," according to Mr Ian 
Grant, senior lecturer in medi- 
cine at Edinburgh University, 
writing in Asthma News. 

Similar concern has been 
expressed recently by the 
Asthma Research Council, the 
leading charity for asthmatics, 
which is funding more than 40 
research projects. 

Researchers are striving to 
solve some of asthma's many 
mysteries. Is it hereditary? 
What role do allergies to house 
mites and other substances 
play? What happens during 
sleep to aggravate the con-' 
dilion and make the early 
morning hours the most dan- 

About 2,000 people in Britain died last year from at- 
tacks of asthma, a condition which effects more than 
(wo-arid-a-half million of the population. In the first of 
two articles. Thomson Prentice, Science Correspon- 
dent ; looks at the causes and available treatment. 

gerous? Which subtle inter- 
plays in the body's cbemistiy 
pose threats, and which offer 
hope of medical advances? 

It is an affliction misunder- 
stood by many, including 
some of its victims, and which 
even general practitioners fail 
to recognize in some cases. 

Asthma is a respiratory 
disease characterized by inter- 
mittent bouts of breathing 
difficulty. A sufferer feels a 
tightness and an inability to 
expand the chest. Distress 
increases' rapidly, the whole 
body heaving with the effort of 
getting air, often with the 
victim wheezing desperately. 

In such attacks, which can 
last a few minutes or persist 
for several days, the flow of 
oxygen to the lungs is ham- 
pered because of sudden 
contractions of the bronchial 
tubes. These airways narrow 
because the muscle surround- 
ing them tightens. 

In a severe attack, the inner 
walls of the tubes become 
irritated and swollen, produc- 
ing phlegm. 

A variety of external factors 
will act as triggers leading to 
an attack. The most common 
causes are dust, pollen, smoke, 
contact with animals and cold 
air. exercise, particularly in 

children, and infections, both 
bacterial and viraL 

The most commonly used 
drugs are bronchodilators, 
which act by relaxing the 
muscle surrounding the on 
chial tubes, thus allowing the 
airways to widen. The drugs 
are chemically similar to 
adrenalin, which increases 
heart rate and switches blood 
circulation to the muscles, and 
the most commonly pre- 
scribed are fenoterol, 
salbuiamol and terbutaline. 

Most asthmatics use 
bronchodilators in the form of 
aerosol inhalers, which pro- 
duce an almost immediate 
effect lasting four to six hours, 
and which are safe from side 

Inhalers for preventing 
more troublesome attacks 
contain corticosteroids, which 
work by making the walls of 
the airways less swollen and 
less sensitive to irritants. 
However, they take several 
days to begin to make an 

Severe episodes of asthma 
may occasionally require 
short courses of steroid tab- 

Tomorrow: S earching for a 

Benefit rule Ms hidden cut 9 

By Jill Sherman 

The Government has been 
accused of relinquishing its 
responsibility to provide fur-, 
niiure and bedding for those 
in need. 

The Child Poverty Action 
Group claims that cuts in 
lump sum grants lor those on 
supplementary benefit, which 
come into force today, will hit 
hardest the long-term un- 
employed and families with 

The new regulations, ex- 
pected to save £100 million, 
relate to single payments, 
which are one-off grants for 
those claiming supplementary 
benefit or housing benefit 
supplement, to help with the 

cost of special expenses which 
cannot be met from weekly 
‘supplementary benefit 

The changes, which impose 
restrictions on those entitled 
to grants, come after govern- 
ment concern that the single 
payment system was being 
widely abused. 

However Miss Fran Ben- 
nett the group's deputy direc- 
tor, said that evidence from 
independent research studies 
showed that unmet need 
rather than abuse, was the 
main problem. 

“These cut-backs in effect 
mean a. concealed cut in 
benefit rates for the growing 
number of people dependent 

on supplementary benefit" 
she said yesterday. 

Single payments were made 
at the discretion of the load 
authority, which could decide 
the size of the grant until 
today. Now payments are 
determined by nationally set 
figures: for example £65 for a 
single bed and mattress, £150 
for a cooker and £30 for a 

Under the new regulations, 
no one may receive a grant if 
he or she has bad one of the 
same item in the past three 
yearn, and payments are re< 
stricted to the physically and 
mentally disabled, the chroni- 
cally side and pensioners. 

Mr Stewart Bexon with his gill friend. Miss Rosemary Lynn, after the fitting of a 14ft roof dome on his underground home 
at Westonbirt, Gloucestershire. Mr Bexon, a marketing consultant, took two years to build tire subterranean house ami 
swimming pooL Six smaller domes were fitted to other parts of the Cotswolds hideaway. Mr Bexon, who hopes to move in 
next month, said: “It looks like a mini St Paul's from ontside.” (Photograph: Richard Wiiitte). 

Sun’s sex 
survey was 

It was “grossly insensitive” 
of The Sun newspaper to 
publish a sex survey which 
included references to female 
fantasies of being raped on the 
same day that it carried a front 
page picture of a rape victim, 
the Press Council said today. 
But a complaint against the 
paper was not upheld. 

Mr Steven Bridge, of Bex- 
ley, Kent, complained that it 
was irresponsible to publish a 
“dubious” sex survey in a 
week Tn which nationwide 
attention was given to the 
victims of rape. 

In a three-page spread on 
the “Great 1986 Sex Survey”, 
Roslyn Grose, a reporter, 
listed the top six women's 
sexual fantasies, the third of 
which was that many dreamt 
of being taken by force. The 
survey was in the same issue 
asa partly disguised front page 
photograph of a vicar's daugh- 
ter who had been raped. 

Mr Thomas Crone, the 
newspaper’s deputy legal man- 
ager, said the survey’s findings 
were honestly reported and 
the idea of being taken by 
force was given minimal 
prominence. The survey’s 
publication date was fixed 
before it was known that there 
would be a front page rape 

In its adjudication the Press 
Council said the decision to 
publish the survey “lay within 
the editor’s discretion”. 

Electronic syster 
to detect divers 

By Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent 

Several defence ministries 
are looking at new British 
electronic systems for protect- 
ing naval bases and coastal 
installations from attack by 
divers and small submersible 

There is concern that sub- 
marine bases, harbours, 
nuclear power stations located 
on the coast, and oil plat- 
forms, could be vulnerable 
targets for attack by terrorists 
or enemy special forces. 

Key military installations 
will already have sensors 
which ensure that hostile sub- 
marines are detected if they 
try to approach, but there is 
concern about the damage 
that might be done by one or 
two swimmers carrying explo- 
sives if they evaded the exist- 
ing defences. 

rlessey Naval Systems, 
based at Templecombe in 
Somerset, has developed a 
swimmer detection system 
which, it is claimed, can detect 
swimmers at twice the range 
of which other systems ar 
capable, and with a very low 
rate of false alarms. 

Plessey refused to discuss 
who might buy the system 
beyond saying that six coun- 
tries were looking at iL The. 
British Ministry of Defence 
said that it would never 
discuss security matters. 

However Exercise Brave 

Defender, which tried last 
September to counter sup- 
posed assaults on British in- 
stallations . by Russian 
Spelsnaz special forces, 
brought expressions of con- 
cern from naval sources about 
Britain's ability to keep out 
enemy divers, and it would be 
surprising if the ministry were 
noi seeking to improve its 
detection systems. 

It is thought that Marconi, 
Smiths Industries, Dowty and 
Ulvertech are also involved in 
marketing systems. 

The kind of approach now 
being considered would pro- 
vide several lines of detection 
system, the most distant of 
which might be 30 miles 
offshore, to detect relatively 
large vessels, and could in- 
volve the use of magnetic loop 

Goser in on the sealed 
would be sonars with overlap- 
ping fields, for finding small 
submersible vessels, or even 
smaller vehicles carrying a 
single swimmer. 

The last line, close inshore, 
could be a sonar pulse which 
on striking a swimmer is 
reflected back on to a mirror. 
It is claimed that this system 
gives ranges of several hun- 
dred yards, allowing at least 
five minutes fordefenoe forces I 
to counter an intruder. ' i 

More drug 
cases ‘will 
be fought’ 

By Stewart Tendler 
Crime Reporter 

New legislation to con- 
fiscate the assets of drug 
traffickers could lead to more 
contested, expensive court 
cases, according to a new 
bulletin on drug-problems. 

Writing in Drnglink, pub- 
lished today by the Institute 
for the Study of Drug Depen- 
dence, Miss Jane Goodsir, co- 
ordinator for the charity. 
Release, forecasts a rise in not- 
guOty pleas as the stakes 
involved are heightened by the 
confiscation powers, particu- 
larly for small dealers. 

The Drug Trafficking Of- 
fences Bill allows for confisca- 
tion on conviction. The crown 
conrts will have the power to 
assume that everything the 
trafficker has and has had 
over the prerioas six years 
came from drags. . 

Release, which advises 
defendants in drag cases, finds 
“police pitching the signifi- 
cance and scale of drugs too 
high, and defendants whose 
cases could have been dis- 
posed of quickly and qnietiy 
plead not guilty as a result”. 

The legislation means that 
the court can be provided with 
a statement on the value to file 
defendant of (he proceeds of 
drags trafficking, giving police 
“a direct inflnence on sentenc- 
ing levels”. Miss Goodsir 


may win 

Students who gain this 
year's best GCE A4evd re- 
sults. due out this week, are 
being offered medals by some 
of Britain's best known com- 
panies- They include Marks & 
Spencer. British Airways. 
Shell UK- Mars, Taylor- 
Woodrow. NaiWest Bank and 
the Central Electricity Gen- 
erating Board. ' 

The medals are to go to the 
top candidates in 14 subject 
groups examjned ty the Asso- 
ciated Examining Board. 

The 14 groups are: English 
language. life science, earth 
sciences, history and religion 
studies, philosophy, psychol- 
ogy and sociology; law and 
politics; business, physical 
and applied science, perform- 
ing arts, technical subjects,; 
mathematics, an craft and 
design: computing commu- 
nication and general studies. 

Women held 
at cruise base 

Thirty-nine women were 
arrested early yesterday after 
they cut through a perimeter 
fence and broke into the cruise 
missile base at Green ham 
Common, Berkshire. 

Actress sues 

Gemma Craven, the actress 
and singer, has taken out a 
High Court writ against a 
fitted kitchen company. 
Mdben Kitchens, of Slough. 
Berkshire, for£l 1,725 over an 
■alleged cancelled promotional 

Festival opens 

More than 3,000 perform- 
ers, led by servicemen from 
the military tattoo, took pan 
in the traditional cavalcade 
along Princess Streeet, Edin- 
burgh, yesterday to mark the 
opening of fortieth Edinburgh 
International Festival. 

Fire deaths 

A house fire started by a 
burning chip pan caused the 
deaths of Mrs Molly Fisher, 
aged 48. and her son, Tony, 
ed 30, at their home in 
Ilford Crescent West, The 
Meadows, Nottingham, on 

Two arrests 

Two people were arrested 
for allegedly assaulting police 
near the News International 
plant at Wapping, east Lon- 
don, on Saturday during a 
march by local people. 

Degrees awarded by the University of Aberdeen 

The following degrees are an- 
nounced by the university of 

BSc (Hobs) 

R A Malik dill. 

r. IH2K □ T Black. 

G D Arthur. (U2* □ T Black, mil; P 
Bmrnirr. ills >: F J Davidson. illl). J D 
Garrick, nil k S E Lambard. ilk M D 
Lohban. <1111: S Maclean, m2); C A 
Milne, mn: C A sargrnl. till): M M 
Strain. ni2v J A Taylor, mu: S J 
vrefcer*. HI2fc H A Watson. nil* S I 
Watson. 1112); M F White. Ol: P F 
WMUMaw. mil; j Whittle, mi); J S 
wiiuamson. mil. 


A D Cain, ill: K E Hrarafrann. mil; C I 
Ridlcy-Thomas. ilk DNS RltCfl. Ullfc 
T I Vrtlrh. Hill. 


J N A Day. msi: F W Tlkin. iffiCA 
McGarron. HISi. J 1 Wheatley, dill. 


lit J D Forrest, i 

B Dawson, tllll; J D Forrest, mrc J A 
H.tmlltnn. ill?): D J Irvine. <1111: S J 
Lnier. ild: AHJ Macartney, di: A J 
M MacDiarmid- mat. C R 
McDonough, iilti. S o Macnrav. dill: 
I McIntyre. U&c A R Martin. <1121: T J 
Mitchell. Hi- W Porteou*. (111). D F 
Robertson- dill. □ C Sinclair, m. G D 
Steele- inik G H Waltrrson. ill. 

Computing Science 

JOS Raroer" <II2 i. M A Chalmers. 
<111 i; L T Coats. <1121: S F Godlinoton. 
>1121. D A Hay. Hliv A M Kidd. Ilf 1 i; J 
M Luke. <1121 M J MarPheraon. Kill. D 
A Mar Rae <H1 i N E Martin. HEt J J 
Munro. <nn. N W Paion. ill. I G Rac. 
•It J P Ram. illlk V Spence. <UIK A I 
Thomson, mti. 

Computing Science 

D M Marir, H12). 


C C Alhanas. din. U M O .Brown. 
<R?i: J M CaMrr. (HIV D C Ludwig, 
fill) M G Macaulay, tllll: GCA 
Place, idli: W Shepherd. OEt J R 
SSetihen. (I). 

C A C Cleary. 

HIT* J B Craw. HID: H A Dennis, dill: 
A V Edward. HE): R M Hawser. 1112k 
.» K Lee. Hill. K L lee. 1021. N D 
Mrcunun. II12I; R D Myles. (1121. J 
Ramsay. m2); J M Sinclair. HID: J A 
Staler, illlk G N Smart, dll); J L 
Teller, mai. 

Geology and Mineralogy 
a r Allan, nrri: c m m Ben. mifw S 
ChrtMle. <111 1 A Graham, mil. a K 
UIHe. HID: D J Li ned ill: J Munro. 
■ nil-. C T NoMe. 1112) B A Paierson. 
init w v bauraterson. ml*. GPL 
Scotl. HID- G T A SO. illl): S J 
Sweeney- illlk 


E Gray. Ullr K F Pale 


M J Stark, Hr L C Dunn, Hllfc J Cray, 
■nil .1 A W McCall. <|) s H McGrath, 
dlli: L J Nirolwn. HI. M A Proudlooi. 
Hi: J D arrir. Ill; J B P Slractian. cll2*. 

Mathematics — Natural 

M R Corlev. mee'smifi-n^il). j i 

Microbiol qey 

D A Beamon, illl i. p W drfehlY. ilUK 
M J M Clow, illlk A A Coady- Farley. 
Hl?r Stum. HID E Faufats, HU irk 
R M Gray. mil. M K Mein pci nouin. 
<1111: F C Hull. Illl): c JL Marshall. 
'1121. S Rutherford. Hl2> 

_ Natural Philosophy 

G DBevenage. hi: & d Black, Ul2k G 
E Brodw\ mil- j s Kennedy. i02); C J 
Mlllar-Craiq. (1)2* G J Milne, ilk A □ 
Moodle. H12) P F Smith, ilk N J C 
Str action, rill). 

^ Pharmacology 
P A CJiartesem. mil: C XT Hannan, 
lid: R A Hunter, tiiih D J Uohroan. 
<|). S Martarqulur. din. ASM 
MrQwm. Illl); C A Mmdcs. it!2h £ J 
Mriuic*. mi); t M Muir. tll2i; c D 
smon, mn. 


D Gray. 

32t; M C PafiflUO, 

an a b 

H J Ellis. mzi; 

PurcrU. illl). 

Plant Science 

C A Buisl. HI2>; I G McCall. (Dll: D 
Mr Elroy, in. M Macrae, till) 

„ Plant and Soil Sciences, 

C P Bmhhan. m,1i; J B Young. (11,1). 

S J Alcock 

. (im^E^. pSatoi. 

11121. F 

M ©Handers, I J Hawthorne. 

HI2I. I James, L A Johnstone. 
H12): S C McCregor. ilLtt; T Rollq. 
ill.ll: A M Searte. HLIfc K M 
Sutherland. ih,H: G M VftUL m2). 

Soil Science 

F G Booth. 10,1 1 : HA Crerar. iDPt J 
Fletcher. iU.ii. w G McLeman. HI2i. 


L w Laird, i ii2i. h J Mart-feinte. msi: 
s Mann. Hi. c A Munro. hi.ii- A R 
North. (I); H M Vint roce Archer). 
I||,!i; R A Wlsharl. tll2l. 


J C Allan, tn.ll; I Anderson. dMK K D 
A no in. iMt A ArtHimnoti <n: K F 
Baird. (1121; C C Barker, ilkl): J A 
Boyle. (IL1I. L M Burns. liUt: M M 
Carr. ilU>. CMC Callo. (11,1); M D 
Cooper, ilijl): J M Crossland. HLIi: H 
M DaJoierih. H12I. H J Dewar. nLit. I 
G Duck. <1131: c w J Dickson. (113). K 
Edwards. '11,1k G T H Elinon. lit S 

C1W>. H12*; w J Hatgh. m2): A J Hear, 
d): N C MacCaUum. iM.ll: S J Madirer. 
dl2r E J Provan. iOR F A M 
Read man. OLD: S RoMk dUh V 
gwnrs. 01,1V L Tasker. iD2): ARC 
Thomson, id.lfc C P Wart no. dl.ll: R 
G T WHson- Leagaa. (lLl): D 5 Wood, 
ill. IV 

BSc Forestry 

Honours Dooms: G G Cullen. IU&. S R 
Dick, (mi: 5 C Havranek. ro.1V M J 
Hughes, M G Lannton. <U2V S D 
McCartney. HI2K A R McKllknk lll.l): 
I E Mobhs. A Parr. HLIV I F 
Peake, ill. IV C A Ralph. dl-lV A T 
saianq. dll): S R Slater. HEZV A J 
Vaughan. H12). 

OoUputod Depose A G Anton: J D W 
Hoy: □ N Johnson. 

MA (Hons) 


ii)2r. A C Clamp 

on. Tn 2 i: t 

DO L Anderson. TfiD: G C Axtens. 
HI2i: K Barbour. (II2V L Brown. IILXt 
S □ Caider. <ri2). L Canon, tll.lh K 
Cnrmark. HI2i: M s Currie. Hi: J 
Donald, (lid; A S DrvDurgh. (112): G 
Drvsdale. K12I: DCS Duncan. OLD: J 
M EIIIOII. HI. Ik M J Ellis, A A 
Fife i nee Pltrheri. ifl.ll: K M Cel dart. 
• h B Grieve. ■ S P Grlfnn. G D Henderson. dl.D; M J Lee. 
11121 . A M Lunuden. dl.lL F M 
Mar Asklll. 11121 : T MarMasWr. OH): j 
H Mar ban. <riH. D C Murray, dl.ll: S 
A OTMnnell. lll.l r. S J PlIIl In. 1 T 12 >: K 
J, Rankin. <1121: J D Shaw. hi. IV Z J 
Stun herd, C F Small. HI. Ik A G 
Snragqell. Hl2i: L S Thonwm. IU2fc W 
M L rauhart. HI2i. C A Wallace. dl2c 
N A While. ilISl. K M Voung. IU2V 

- English - French 

S J Currie. HI2T. J M Mainland, dl.ll: 
P W Nelmes. 

N Meaurfn^k^M MrRmiSe. ro.ik 
* Stewart MIKhelL tlOj: S M Young. 

, , English - History of Art 

w 9 Arnvflrong. tn.Il. 

r t h John. met. 

_ ^.English - Religious Studies 

D M Buckley. tli2i. 

English and Scottish' 
, Literature 
J ( M Fafuuhar, <U2L J M PaUcnce. 

„ „ _ French Studies 

F B BtTwUer. (IT.Ils K T day. (1121: Y 
Colville. H12v N j L Gardiner,; J 
Howie, iii.i v S C McCoy. dl.lL M 
MxdonakL (112): A M McIrvJnc. (0.1): 
M G Mapptiv iidkce H Moor, J 
Mvles. (1121. A M Rankin. (112): F E 
Reid, m.iv L M Reid. HI. IV B P 
Spillal. H M Taylor, m.l): N 
Ttiomnon. iU2l; C I Wiles. flLlt J J 
WrgfUL 1 1121. 

^ French- German 

C M Bremner. HI2V O H Brockte. ilTZk 
J E conacner. ilLI); S Hulchrton. 
Hi lt R M Jamieson. (112V R S 
Leonard. HI2k M Leyden, M C 
Marleod. mzv e Mcrm. ni2v K M 
Nome, ill; K sanmier. HI2v B w 
Sioine. iii2i: G M Tavendau*. hliv s 
Wyllir. III2V 

French - International 

J E Bull, m.i i 

French - Italian 
h t Tea». dl.l) 

. French - Religions Studies 

H J Mair. 102). 

French- Spanish 

H M Aiken, (IQL- C E Dowlas, m2): A 
S Mackenrte. IU2K L E McQueen, 
dl.ll. K M Rlnder. (Il.l). 

M S Ca mero CamphelL 
dl.ll. C A Craig, lll.l v S Dotuon. J s Donaldson. Hem N D Eider, 
m.l). G M Forbes, lll.l ( M D ' Gartujt. 
ill. 1 1: H C Gram. lO.l V K S Has-. OUt 
C & m Howe. di.2r. J L Keme. rtl.ijs 
D KohnhorsL m.l): 9 R Laurie. m.lV 
E N Unn. <11.1 1: J McKay. HL2V M 
MrKerffial*. 10.915 C M MeffaL inJ2t 
W J Parron. m.iv A JRinMI.iU.lh 
A D Scon. ra.av K M Shard. (IL2R K 
H Smith. IIL21. J M Steele. <021:0 G 
Sir". art. <11.2): A E SwlJierta«a. S*L1L 
N J Thomson, c M WDkie.dl.ifc 
S M Wood,; A R YounftTm.lL D 
A Voung. 

German Studies 

L E Duncan. (1L2): D McCata. m.lfc M 
J Ramsay. <IL2L C M Smith. 01-2*: S 
W TeUer. ro.IV J A White. (UJ2). 

German - International 

B M Oatftarno. m.Xfc J C W Davidson. C L Phillips. UL2). 

German - Italian 
D Davenport. 01.21: E M Irvine. OL29. 

P w AHcMson. 

H A Buttor. 012 r. A C dampton. (U2fc 
M A Johnston. U1D; P M Nlchotsofk 
■ U2k 

Economic History 

J T Brtnkiow. <11.1 k L Car line. 012): f 
K Mackenzie, m.l L A Mackie. <II2): J 
M McLcUan. UK*): W G Rutherford, 
■ S P Sutherland. <U2I; J L 
Tnwnson. <02): J A WhyU!. HI2fc J 
Will. 0121. 

Economic Science 

A P Coleman. >I12L D M CranswUh. 
<1121: D I Dick. <112 r K M Drew. <02): R 
A Evans. dl2fc A J M Houston (nee 
Hoeyk HID: S J Jallray. (112): L 
McFarland. UI.1): S McLean. (H2K D 
Miller. HI2V M K NorweU. <B2v S 
Rusk. HI2E D M ScobOW. (1121. 

Economics with Accountancy 
B J Daniel, m.l): WCS Kwok. tll.D: 
A MarRae. dl2»: D S Maroon. <H2i: A 
M Motr. HI.1V F J Smith. HLIV G G 
waison. dl.D. 



LAM Mvnnie. tn.Il 

Economics-Math ematics 
M D Beal on. lll.l) 

in.D: R J F Cowte. 0L2V J A Dolan. 
m2): D J Demean. cM.iv J G Falconer. 
<IL2): A S GUUes. m.iv R M A' Hay. 
HL2V E L Knox. 1021: S E Pi Tie. fOD: 
D J Scon. (11.2V M CSiiranomts. <u.2V 
I B smith. llL2l: J K SprOtL UL2): J P 
Thomas. (IV C R M Thomson. 0L2V F 
M Wood. m.lL 

History - International 

_ _ Relations 
C Carluke. 021: K AC Hoy. m.lfc A 
Kennedy, m.lfc E McCulloch. dL2e A 
C Macmillan, m.ii: v j Tagoan. roJZfc 
J l Taylor. <ll.iv 

History - Politics 

Z L Davies. ilLif 

History - Sociology 
F M Holiday. 

D A Georoe. (II Sir. C A Hatpin, m.lfc P 
LKeen. lll.l ):SE Leith. HfcGCLowlL 
d«L AN MacCarthy. (iirv P 
McLarty. 0129: A L Riddler. fl1.2V B L 
Robertson, L E StewarL m.lfc M 
A TaiL m^fc A L TBsker. (02). 

Retimous Studies 

J M Bentley. T1F2V S Guthrie free 
GUheany). (ILlfc J A Madeod. ra.iv S 
D Parry, dl^fc D W Smilh. flfc R J 
TrhnMe. id.l). 

Retigioas bodies - Mnsk 

A M GaaScAer. 01.1). 

R HaMfay. 0L2L C R Wheatley. CDLZfc 

French - Russian 

S C Anderson. (IL2J. 


1.2 v J E Clark, i 

N J Cairns. OI.2V J E CKrk. (02): S M 
J Davidson. 0L2fc R R Findlay. (Ha 
M R Gibbs. HI2fc C Haddow. tn.lfcS 
E McKechnle. HL2): GE G May. m.lfc 
J M Murray, dl.l); 0 N Nkwlson. ilfc V 
Russell. (IL2K F J Turner. dI2): E R 
van TeLHIngen. (IIJCJA Watson (nee 
Thompson). 01.1). 

Sociology and Social 

History of Art 
n. dl.l e FC r 

S E Bed on. (11.1 C VC Bewsher. HL2fc 
L K McPherson. <IL2V B Tricker. 

Italian - Religions Studies 

R M MacnooMd. tiriv 

Italian - Swedish 

T B Anderson. iDJd. 


J E Garner. <UIu D R Maclean. (DJV C 
J MaiUand. am. 

Mental Philosophy 

G w cuthben. m.zv s J Fr Kef. ra.lfc 
K E Rawies. Ut; J A Rflchie. (Ill): S 
Wilkie. dLlfc D N Windsor. OL2J. 


E O dose. (TL2V SLK Garden. dLlfc 
H I Taj-wr. OLD. 

Natural PhSosophy 

R Y lien. (IL2l. 

Philosophy • Politics 

C W BLKkstock. (It2fc 

A M Graham. Ol.lVM A'ftunalL tl): C 
L Young, fl). 

Swedish Stadia 

P J French, m.iv 

A F Allen 

Ordinary Degrees 

Den: G M Anderson: 

Benllnck: CM Bfcnet: S R Bone; D Otolimi-v rVumux 

BuSan? *lj 8 °A Un £ichaiiM^ lt: 15* n 
camnbeO: B M Cockburn: A S 
Cormactu R M Courts; J A Crowe: J 
Denalow; S J Dingle (nee Aillsonv S G 
Duma: S E Edwards. MM Ellis: M S 
_ p r - - 

Strachan: L R Strachan: Y A Stuart: L 
M Webster: J A Welsh. 


Honoors Degrees 

DM I Buchan, ro^v CS M Cuthbertson. 
dlJfc C J McCaney. flfc P -C 
MaUdeson. dLlfc A E Whittaker. tn.lL 

. E R ^SffiS5 !,De « ree 

BD (Hons) 

Church History - New 

A J D Cralft. <U.1V 

Church History - System a tic 

F P Sellar. "flA*(Lali?V (iLlfc J D 
Slmpoon- BSc rDundfc m.lfc 

New Testament - Practical 

I A M Macrltchte. bSc (Giasfc m.lfc 
New Testament - Systematic 

C Stoipmann. Hi. 

. „ Practical Theology 

M J Garden. 0L2). 

Practical Theology - Systematic 

J Bain. (JL 1 (Utsterfc 

ro.1V D StandOekL BA (CNAAfc (ILlfc 

Bonham(U.l):M Bruceil): D 

Buctianffl.1V G W Bufettlfc P F 
campbewnnv N E CarrtiBfc A 
amsUedl2K D E Church Cnee 
Forsyth m2* J w CnMheadan): C J 
Davie m.iv M Esson (n.1); N Forrest 
(II. IK E L FraoclsfJ12>: J A 
CaliagherrO: S P Gordon HKO: D G 
Innesro.1V J W Johnson! 112);. J D 
KenworUl(lJ2): D LelperflI2): F 
Mclnmirazr □ MacMUUaiKIfc F M 
MaahewSrf.lj.T M Ngiu/enULlv G 
NkoKlfc K A KUootKflQfcG NableftOt 
G 8 ReMOfc M ID Sangstertll: A D 
ShBwmzfc i G. Staten D2V I A 
Siuartm2V J W Taylonim; J A K 
Thomsonot?): L Y Tonodiav Y C Tun 
(ILlfc A J WaBonOl-1 ): P R WUUng CD: 
D A Woodhead m.l): N C Yates CB.lfc 
S Yoso# (02). 

OnSnary Ommk O C Beng: D A 
ConnelE A DA Gray: K T Ha»: N B b- 
mall: K Kararuddhu T K C Lee: J 
McGregor: A Y M Yassin: R - C 
-Mitchell: P M Ross D W J Third: W P 
W Sulahnan. 



H— M W d re re n V J D AllanfDS): D 
Beaumontuufc S A BeU (02* J A C 
Brown dLlfc J M Butt 1112* R A 
Crawford OIZK A DonghydLlfc PAG 
Dow iD.tfc C J Drew A Duthte 
fll.l): AM J EHes m.l): M P C E J Forhesffl.iv L 
Harrowerm. ifc O A Hay (H2): SAW 
HowardiH2* P R Hutcheson (112* R j 
lrvlnefII2): H Lardyil): P T 
McGra)lm2* C J McHaledl.l): A R A 
Mackenzie D WMcKenzIe fll.l* 
J B MMaeteod m.lfc A S C Macmillan 
fll.ifcS K w Matcoimnizv A P D 
Minor Oi2fc D A Racier (IL1K G J 
Simpson 01.1* D J Smart Hllfc M C 
Smart dLlfc C MStwrock (U.l): M J 
3: S E Taylof\Q2* R M ware 

( Mathematics): K Gibson iMaihcmat- 
tcsi: F E Glchrtst (Psychoioflyt: S A U 
Hayworth (Biochemistry): S Moss 
iCompuUno Science) V H Houston 
■Natural Philosophy): K A M Kim 
(Mathematics): L B Kin shorn iCompuI- 
ing Science!: B I McBatn (ChenUstry): I 
M McComMe (Mathematics): H G 
Mackay tAjiatoniufc S K Mackay 
(PsychoiogyK a m McLure (Natural 
Philosophy* j Macnaughlon lAnal- 

omyvG D P‘ 

Malcolm l( 

Malheson i_ 

nyiauwinoucaL a j < _ . 

C L Rod (Biology): D A Rennie 
tMaUiemahcsfc M Robertson (Micro- 
biology); S T Robertson (Natural 
Philosophy i: J A Stephen (Zoology); A 
Stewart (Maiheraadca* p N Stewart 
(MathemallcsV D A C Still (Petroleum 
Geology* R L SOU (Natural Philos- 
ophy* L A Whliecroaa (Biochemistry* 
H M wood (Mathematics). 

Italian Studies 

F A Sandground m2) 

Italian -Spanish 
L justice flLl) 


A J Bradshaw ai.ifc K L Smith m.l) 

Political Studies 
C J Klrlon dl2* N Macphers o n m.l) 

LJ Cooke 

C T Moran ID2) 


dl.l): J A Grandtaon 


Sociology and Social 

MMH degrees: A J Burton: -I M Baxter. M J Beatue: G W Brown: R J 
Clark: P Davidson: P D Devenney: D J Cameron: R Campbell: D H DrHfleid: 
flail: M D jeyastngham: L A Mao D A ITSouza: P A Fogarty: D Forbes: 
donakl: S C Parish: S C Proctor. S L KJ McDonald: J MacSween: B S A 

donakL ‘S'C’ ftsrtstn 8 ®^? Proctor, s L 
Prosser M J Taylor 



J P DawsondLlV R 
J KhHduai2i: E A 

O E h Alhopp. m.iv 
B Bruce. <n2l 

j Bain, m.lfc R 

M Means, m.l): J Murray. dl.D: E ' 
Robinson, m.l i; H A Sharp, m.iv L A 
Sprout, E □ Streets, ra.1): A M 
snuuiere. idj2v R G Templeton, dl.l* 
"1(DE Tully. m.lfc 

Spanish Studies 

«ri. <n .2r L J Mood) 

Finnic: CForeytn: o P Gardiner: L M 
Geddes: S C Gordon: A K Gorman: A 
E Grant: D W Gray: C C Green: R A 
Hamilton: D A Hendry: M B Hepburn: 
C A Hood: C M Hornsby: J M Kellas: J 
R Kennedy: D KleJty: JAG Laing: J A 
Llddlard. J Lawson: A M MacDonald: 
K MacDonald: J M Mackenzie: A 
. MacKinnon: K MacLeod: K S 
McShane: L A Mauaffy: T MaucfaUne: 

S R Mellau nr. A J MKMv J A Mlhw: 

M Miiched: G Napier: J M Philip-. S 
J Pringle, r Raffan: C Richardson: G 
A Rob&TL Roberts: L M Robemon: K 
J Rodger: A P Scott; F E Sharp: NX 
Shaw: J L Shed den: B Shefc: O D 
SMnortnt: A B Smith: C E smith: p A 
Smilh. K Stalker. L A Steele: C A 
Stubbing^-. A J Sutherland: M A 
Sutherland: G B Swan: C W Thom- 
son: R Tuiioctc S J Tyler: C A 
crquhan: R a Urguhart: G I White; J 
Wilson: S J Wilson. 

B Ed 

Bachelor of Theology 


OrOnara damas D W T Allan: D R 
Bain: G Mperry: S J BtggarL- S E 

J E Brown < nee i 
w Marshall. 

i M Carlin: C 

BSc (Hons) 

AjErieuluinl Esanmia*: I a CampbrtL 

L F Jamieson. 

C J Norman. 0L2fc 

a H AdanKon. 


.IK J tTallghL GL2): 

Buchanan, ffl^fc J Burnell. <11.1 1: 

M L Findlay, tajzr. A M Flynn. OL2V 

J A Bonham: D BrtmneK M ( 

L avnr: n Crowe: J L Geddes (nee 
Cusack* H B Gunn: G M . Hay: L . 
Huhrhcson: a b Jenkins: A M 
MacLeod: E M Mount: K Pearson: C A 
Roberuon: J K D Seacy: A B 

. R m white mar. a e 

Buchanan tu.ik s P Cowie am* r h 
R jonextLU: D J Kennedy m.iv O C 
Lawson (II. U: C C Paterson m.l* C A 
Reddy mat J F TuthUkll.zfc R M 

Crop Mamet A M I G 
GardoodLl): D J Harteyffl2fc D W 

C aw a n d Aerindtorc-M 
M M FlenunwlKO: W R HamUIOnOLlfc 
C J I t M LamMeffl-ifc ft 
J MacklmcwhiiLll; W M pons «SUK S 
A Smith! 02). p D 
PUga W d degrees: I G Laartnonth: C 
J McPhee: JA v Price: J Robertson. 

Black; P M Buchan: ft D Campbell: s 
P Clarke: ft G connon: W ft M Oowtc: 
DJJ CromWe: R M Cruickshank: K 
Davidson: C H Hack: F£ DlngwaH: S 
O Fagan; R jnett; C A Foley: A L 
Forbes: M M Frasen S A George: D 
Cormley: K M Harbtson: L J A 
Hajiaysj S.D Hume; D Innes: S A 
rvtne: P K Johnstone: H L NeUyr 8 R 
Kennedy: G ft S Lad) law; L A 
Lelshman: w B Loncr- S A Love: S 
McCall: S E McCrndden; A 
MacGregor: G E MacIntyre: M E ft 
McLean: W T Macnaugnton; M L C 
McWatt K J Moil: V AM Monaghan: 
M A Morchle: H M Oates: E J Penny; 
C Pettigrew: F A Pont: ft J a 
R uddunan: D J BnsMorBu P H StuarL 
A G N R Turner: J A Waddell: 

A M Welch: K E Wood.’ N P Jones. NC Kelly 



Eng ineering 
Honour* dames: Z A RahmanOHV M 
ft L Anscr flQJ: M J F BalshawflEU: R 


chemmyv J 
aphyl: G J 
Philosophy* A^ 

t (Natural PhJios- 
Stance (Natural 

Philosophy* A J m Davie (i 

SctervceV A E A DoMe 

PhUoephyfc F M Edgar (Biology): K M 
Ellis (Nee Belli (Zoology): N 

University of Keele honours degrees 


G ElllOtUTfc T _ . __ 

MCTaogamil.lfc C P Rlchardsotiffl.lfc 
M H Watson (Ifc 

Ordbivy dwaas; K M S Allan: J N 
BecketL LX&yanC W A Haggle: K W 
Lee: L McAndrew: a W Mann: A S 
Paul: A G Wedderbum: J F Wish. 



G F McLeay 
Conmwndstlon apw; K W Alvsee: L 
J Cam: S P Deans (Noe strachan): A K 
Harvie <nee Denrusfc K S Hughes: P 
Umghorne: K M MacLeod; K L 
Naylor: D Reatctu £ walker 
OnSnary damn; j. Addison: M K 
AlmworUcTM Anderson: J M AultL 
HM Bator. A Barclay; AC Barton: B K 
Bmton: A S Boyd; J E Brodf: M J 
Brown: P M Brown; S T C Brown: D 
M Bruce: C WBrydau C Buchan: D L 
Byers: C C Chua: E A Cockbum; P j 
Connolly: A L Craze: A C 

Feme K A Fitepiatrtrac: t 

HFreer: M PGavInJR Goodlad: A L 
Grand ison: H DAGw: M Ham I Hon: 
T F Henderson: p Hughes: B Johnson: 
N D Jones* N G Kelly: T M KIDen; D E 
Laing: S M L&wrte: H Y Leung: SA 
Ljnwn: w J McBalK F M A 
McContWiK C JM Macdonald: M 
Macdonald: J D McCamty; M H 
McKay; J Martfenzle-. I C McLean: S ft 
McLennan: J . B McMohoo; O s 
McMfflan.- 8-C Macpherson: & J 

A K 

P J M Richmond: K A 

5°22£ onl «, s _ M Rob ertson: S E - 
Robcmoni S E Roscrow: D E ROSK J 

. S Brown 012* P G Luetchford (I) 

Spanish Studies 

G M H Watson UI2) 

Ordinary degrees .. 

N J W Allan: R^Aikinson: J C 
Baxter. M J Beatue: G W Brown: R J 
Cameron: R 
D , 


MarUs: G A Masson: P G Milligan: J P 
Moore: J K Murray: K Nlcotoon: J M 
Savage: J t> ScotL- J Shelley: D 
Stahem E c ward: A Weir 

BSc (Hons) 


R Seehra fill) 


E A Mackay (112): A M Strachan 

m 2 ) 

. O N Johnston ran 

Computing Science 
ft -Devin 012* p Thtkey ffl2> 

Computing Science- 


G C Flnlayson ui2) 


J P Calms m.l) 


S K Davies Hllfc P H Dickson 012) 

Natural Philosophy 
R R H Webster UL2) 

J .L Eds <IL1) 

E M M Edwards. 

iwards (tok I 


The following honours degrees 
are announced by the Unirersity 
of Keele 


Bass Is W J Bales.- N L DawSon^M 

Hlgqms: SHl 

Nagle; H M 
Ctzsc ] (Hi 1)!G AOdnsuic S J 
Aitwnod: S L Btakemore: S A Brown; 
j S Caicute S C Carey- vara: p j 
Cawv: J E H Gmfc J K DaiK I F 

pftxzfcvsgu b rsss-c 

Maictnn; R L McQurs; C A McGhee: 

S A Morgan: Y Maidow D J 
pwhouse: M A OUvecte D A 
Penntnu: J F PBcher kj L Potnwr T L 
Puoh: P J Rickman: S E Rogers; H M 
Shuxnan: A D SKflUe i q iSmBi: c E 
So non. M T Swan: A M Thomas K P 
- id; D C we«t: V A 

' I M WMn- H I Wilks: J 

R winspMr: v M wnghU P Ip: S 

Otm 2 CON 2)i C E Abbott: K A R 
Abdullah; D El Baggaley: A D Barrett; 
R JBecbrtet; D A oryontS JCoolc G 
p Qinyi: fCOGBWDdu: A ;J FKKUnge A 
N Gee: S A Gluck: C M Groom: M F 
HarrkBh: P C Hudson: D K Jattaon: 
C S Jeffertm-Jones: J P Jones: M P 
Jones: P V Kalra: A Lo: P K Y Lute: I 

c T hang D C Power: K Rev tU: N S 
Pobens k m Roche: A K Saws J 
Schneider. D P S Scott J Sharnu: P 
SDfWon. R C Stubbs: T J Sullivan; L 
EJ Travis: B a ward; □ j w«pn: s 
> K Wong: E Baharr K E Creswtck: B 
K Jones: A Y Malik: J G Page. 
CUM 3: j c Cooper: K FUmn: E HUt V 
J Kcams: p j £ Smart. 

Natural Sciences 

Honley: J O Horton: A M Hughe: S J 
Huunes: s Hum; p w Jackson: ADC 
Jones: C D Jones: J A Jones: T A 
KefgbUcyr a J Key: A T Lewes a F 
Marlin: C H J Master: G A McKenzie: 

A G McNamara: M m Mokoro; L R 
Murrell: KJ Nelson: SO NervaU H K 
Nfoo: H N Nkcma: A c muey: J L 
Palmer: W H PertdnK J RPettlt: P 
RriKhard: S i Rendeii-Rmd: B Rice- 
Blrchait t A Royall. p L RusseiL ft c 
Russell: C _A SCO IT- C Smungag: M J 
Stephens: G T Taaku: J A Taylor: MB 
Tripp: j A wade: M l Walsh: H M 
ward: M J Whatley: T R Whitmore: S 
~ ~Y K Wang; M A 

S Thomas: I D Walker: C Wen: L A 



H onours . 
PtLanz: it 


- H Mamie: S A 
SaundenE A A j Todd. 


- J W OolUtart (fk A J Pownte OLD 

Designated degrees 
A C Goodlad (Biology); D F 
Luke .(Physiology); S Masterton 

Agricnlmre (Hons) 

J M stwmr akJF 

c535t&%T£&" 1 g5? m J 

(fern. O H Thoms o n. 

Guild: J A S 

P WMtwhanu . - 
Woodall: G E C HalltwelL 
Oats 2 (Mr JV E E 
Alexander: D AH: N M 

AUU1: M H 
Aasdeo: F M 

WhllUiMham: J M Wk*a: H LWDkJ 
M Cheuings; P L OtfOttW J 
Class 2 (tN* A: P J Alcotfa N S Barker: 
a n Baxter: C L Butter k oaten: v e 
Ckw. G M Renfrew. Caunie: M. A 

Corn da n : J Orolhnv. R M N M 
FranrtK S J Hi 

MOdger J Hooper A Hyde, 

HaU! - T - A iWW M 

r Downs: J E Evtson: A M Gorman: R 
R B J Matthews: 8 NatabetL H 
tt— Q llfllwai P Shurtj«i S P 
Tf»mp«n^s L Williams: T Ah erne; D 

Ai-woniom: J r Bectwrteo: A 
BlckcrsuEC G Bourne: S J Box: _ 
Branney: a C Brian: J a Brown: s m 
B urnell: M W Chan: K CChin: V S W 
Chiu: V L Clarices A J Clayton: O 
Clayton: S P CBtrton: AS Corbett: D 

SJK’S E i 

Fosim R N Francis: J R Gadlan: B L 

W Minns: S A Paul: K C-KPoi: S A 
Porter: C M Stacey:. M W Sun: K T 
Tan: S M Travere; H 6 Trodope: O E 
L KlrL L S H Yin? E L Morris: M A 
Ovlgne: J Spick. 

Ons t.SJ comes: D J PetteL 


Class 1: J Buraum: R C Demur: m 
F lint; B D Jackson: E D Stevens: R K 

Clan 2 (Dhr 11: □ BasietiD J BeU; A 
Benson: D R Gout 
W Dturhflefd: 

BbmBmdaboa dentes: J C Alien: i G 

KiiMiitwicsJ Murenjn u 
ir A J Rose: J-A Rowtey; L 
M snemon: A L Smith, d 
A SoJonwn: M Slauers; J N 

Jeves J P *»»«: GKjjiw A J, Lei RoU A 
J Leacti: R P Lodge: M. E_l 

FreiSHer. t A mngp: J S r j u isoie uuntu: j ... _ . „ 

«Mmon; Rvauw J Rsncwwm: c gwrartl: J J Shepstone: C J Stock: J Wiinamson H Woznlalc 3 KG WK.J 
Stanpson: AC Skillon; A J areddoiu «U«. O Bryderu B-A CanulL J P T 

ASnoptu S TTometak: _M Vinson: »su Jt n o u,^ r- e . n S M HarrK. 

B Bunn: a B Davis. . 

Joint Boards 

y Th omson; , want j.r wutfams. 

e iJSJ 3 / s 

a r 

Bavinglop: I 
i: A David: , 
M NiWbfl 

McCtunr. A w McGee: B1 


Jrby: J A Lacey: A J Latnam: P slFrtv NJ Bisson: M H Byrne: M A sawhney: M Sheres A Shudder:. R T 

M L eonard: J Marroru S L MUlrr; S F HJJSElP Hardhiw^S E A Hartle: J R sup: N J Summon: A J Suntvan; J M 
OMDtertPCMlKbeU: AjEMoriesr: o ** tmte! J PMacfSiiro: L Taylsr. J A tShoc; D C Turner; H C 

M C Parro iL A v j *_k Maacord: R A H c Wano: HA Ward: TWetsfr. CAE 


L Storm 

D A Snooiu S TTometak: M Vlnsom Bui v np Ulnm ,., _ _ _ _ 

E EHOoffij rareard^RA Wcndeuonesi^tJ Cute Ctasi 1MR Bavingtah: P J_OoBinfc 4 

D L Gninihs: S McLachiaiu N R j 
Sami: N C walker 
(Hass kJL Jewett JN A PnUa: C E 

Social Sciences 

CUn 1: j R Macmillan: S C Trew. 

Cta» 2 (ON O: T J Bail: J P Barber. P 
E Beilis: J P Bloom. J D Boulter; S J 
Brown: M A Casey; CCC Grouch: K 
Dlrta,: C J Eihenage: V C Fltnd; A C 
Gammagr: D A Green: S L Hopklnson: 

S. J Jenner: YW Mo: D J Nelson; A 
NcwbouM: R D A Ramsay: S-A Row 
H M Slade. M T Smith: R H Souhby: 

D L Springer; H M WMiec N K Wilson: 


Hardwick: AC f 


ThomUnson: I T M Tse: C ? 

Pa** S F Delwwyt.R Mtodiecoac P s 


Gtaaa uc A Boater 

ems 2 cm Ifc N P BrnJen A C 
Broom: C F BulMrt: P N Caateraik P 

rflgzs *]”*** * 


S E Jackson: S G Jenkins: J RllUan: K 
Y La; M P McCaffrey: M Menelaou: A 
MnurC E Msrlon: B R N®tt.-san: E P 
OnsK J ffhtnd. S K H Tan: K YTay; 


H bocks; R J Hitt: D 

Jins: S C Cornelius: P 

S R -Gandhi: T J 

Havenhand: L G Johnson; A z 
Kasperelu C M U> Marctiani: F 
Martinez: R G MttcbrtL S J Murphy: D 
A A Myles: A J Rose: J-A 
SargranL R‘ 

SWWfl: P A . 

Taylor: B J Thornton: S R WhllK S O 
Flynn; J Goostray. . 

Glass 2 (Dtu UJ: L J Adnitt: D N Amo*; 

J W Baogesoi: R J BanbeJds N W 
Barn elt; L M Barren o: J R BJamlre: C 
JBowter: G M Byrd; A fc. Cardoza; A 
Geteii: D p Cox: C N Davies. R A 
■Davies: S R Davies; C R Douglas: | 
Fmoonl: Z A Freeman;** JFrven C 

MogSi, J . % A j 

uwswif J t orovfnnnaae: o j 
H eunanskL- S J Hindiey: DHotf 
A B Horton: P L Hutchings: 
Jenkins: T. J Jervis: E_h>nes: J 
Knowles: J S kJwwtoa.- S C Lee; S R 
Marriniak: D M Masked: K Maflieou: 

I Mawbey: P L Mcn Jones; H HMotc 
K O-MArah: A . C Ote-Oogte: J. 
Partington: R«MA- MS Powellr A • 
A S Sadeh. M 3 SttKS: C3haMgW)t 
K N Shaft: D W Shtpton: J C Starlde: 

A W Taylor: M A Toteman; A M- 
Turalalirt E VeataTR Whweter: G B 
win taken M RWlDtams: A J WHaon: 

V C J Wong: C woodend: T Young. 

* Cb« 3: R CT Barnard: f A Btakrtov D J 

ffiguftan sy iw ay. 

Flood: S L HUt P ingBWlb: M L 
Leow. N M Un: R J MacCrwon A R 
Sahami: A Sailro: F 4 Sjmw: R D J. 
SiobbarL M watlnr.AZ Atndtn: K 
Bootnroyd: G P Tomkins. 

Paw M Aojtlh A R Midgley 

MA (Hons) 

Com Dating 

A S Ding ley HUH 

Economic Science 

t* T Moore: 

Economics with Accountancy 
g^JClemeiiB (02k N R Law (112): I S 

Economics- Agricultural 
_ „ , , Economics 

A K Irvine (112) 

English * 

oV^jKyvtfaar 011 * 

English -History 

N C Gardner db) 


French Stndies 

jn F J MacGregor 0 L 1 ); K A Menneer 

Frendkflw imm 
J E C 





Howwi tf eirw m a Foxw«. 

Engineering . . 
aSgfnJBW- N a Rashid (ID* K A 

Cnanl ilI2r C S Chor nv R M 
J !■ HS9 mat S M l^nai 

(DIvW H K'hmg (II 
COno inzv ‘ -■ 

. Kami 

K W Lee fll.l): c 
, Dearer Otlfc N C 

Si 8 

am: MB Kua ran r AC ALJm: c 
s C MHftTP RiKtecfc^iSig^ 

BD (Hobs) 

wgpJfrtmMih VmnotKs 
*T*t**Mttc Tbeoiog- £ 

W Roa m.D 
Hew Testanu 
C Hortt (02) 

Campbell m.l) " * J ° 

- BL 

aTO^^Anartrong at ifc 

R J Wild 

,1m A 


.GBimnerT'o F- § 
Lamb; if 
D war 


flv gtMB A t O Ewing 
Wrttfn^ da * rm: o j F Ruasea: SW 

J D Same 

SaKewi lUSfc T AS 


Ihl, ^ 

Second air raid in a month 

Israelis attack 
as Lebanon 
violence flares 

from Robert FiskJBeirut ' 




"""S < 

ic i u . 1 " !t " 1 rji ^ 

if ! ^ held 



| a | criii Se bas e 

* •• Ur.«_ 

i i 

Wfi nirn - i 

' T’ u,rfl *2 
“ :h a 

m^r i Actress §U0s 

(IHITt ‘ 6 i. ' 

"'• B ’^acK 

A ' (im- 

* n| acjir,,; 

Pessimistic note 
festival opem on hostages’ fate 

Ben : 

v. ! 

pub- ; 

IllHti : 

IJHlt- : 

r. rn- ! 
arit\, ; 

1 H4<1 | 

la Wes - 
i\ (hr : 
iticn | 


. Of i 

fin 4 ' 
rimii : 

ill 10 

i (he 1 
•ivirv i 

» in's 

1 (.*< 




"I vvn arrests 

.• 2TilSL 

The lsradis yesterday laun- 
ched their second air raid in a 
month- '-on Palestinian camps 
outside Sidon, sending jets on 
a seven-minute rocket and 
bombing attack against build- 
ings in the Em Hdwe and 
Miefa Mieh districts of the 
dty. According to eyewit- 
nesses, Israeli helicopters also 
took part in .the- raid while 
Israel] gunboats patrolled 

The Israelis said later that 
they had attacked targets 
belonging to Mr Yassir 
Arafat's Fatah Palestinian 
guerrillas and also to Abu 
Moussa's pro-Syrian PLO Ac- 
tion. Clouds of black smoke 
hung over the camps during 
. the afternoon, but there weir, 
no immediate reports from 
Sidon to confirm the targets of 
the raids. Local hospitals said 
that at least five wounded 
were brought to emergency 
operating rooms after the 
attacks, which started at 330 

The raids came at the end of 
a violent day in Lebanon. All 

morning, Christian militias in 
east Beirut had fought each 
other in the city streets and on 
the coastal highway to the 
north, as Phaiangists staged a 
revolt to topple the anti- 
Syrian commander of t 
“Lebanese Forces’* militia, a 
group which nominally in- 
dudes the Phalange. 

By dusk. Samir Geagea was 
reported to have fled north to 
his headquarters in the old 
Phoenician town of Bybios, 
while Maroon Mashalani, the 
Pbalangist commander in the 
suburb of Fum eLShefoak, was 
ready to take over Mr 
Geagea's former barracks at 
Karan tina, near the Beirut 

It was Mr Geagea who 
himself ted a mutiny against 
Hie Hobeika, the pro-Syrian 
Pbalangist leader, in January 
this year, but it was unclear 
last mght what role the Syrians 
had had in restoring the status 
quo. Certainly they ore not 
going to object to what is for 
them a fortunate torn of 

Faith and a three-year-old ease villagers’ pains 

■ '.Six ' •• ■ 

' p tin. 

• ' Mivwi E& 

• • • t*» nuit |t 

f JilltBJ 
’ Vi'Vjl. ' 

L ire deaths 

^nti (i- 
r. i-jL-vaj. 
" Mi'liv Faj; 
h ' '••n L> 
h.^ r 


t-* ;.«■ 

-1 « -i- 

:• • r i. 


f :.:n Vtfdl* 

; Spanish 

' :1|. SLilOi 

;• ;.l SUlJir* 


. . jnd ** 

.... . ..I. Mutin' 

I all drp« , _ 

.11- 1-' 

Beirut — It began in the 
usual way. A dean-shaven 
young roan in a striped shirt 
and brown trousers knocked 
politely on the door of a 
Western news agency in Bei- 
rut, said ' k marhaba m (hello) 
and laid a plain envelope on 
the table nearest die door. He 
left withont speaking again, 
dimbed into a red Volkswagen 
Golf and drove away (Robert 
Fisk writes). - 

In the envelope was a single 
typed sheet of paper ami, 
attached to it, a Mack and 
white photograph of a bearded 
American hostage, David 
Jacobsen, the Director of the 
American University Hospital 
in Beirut In the picture, Mr 
Jacobsen — ' who was kid- 
napped in May last year — 
looked tired and distracted. 

The letter was equally pess- 
imistic in tone. 

Islamic Jihad, it -said, re- 
jected those whir issued “re- 
peated pnUkhy pleas” on 
behalf of the three American, 
hostages it holds. It com- 
plained bitterly that the IIS 
Secretary of State, Mr George 
Shultz, should have described 
“the defenders of freedom and 
Ishun as murderer* and 
criminals”. . 

The first reference appeared 
to be directed towards. Mr 
Terry Waite, the Archbishop . 
of Canterbury’s envoy, who 
twice last week appealed to die 
kidnappers to invite him hack 
to Beirut to negotiate die 
hostages’ release. 

Islamic Jihad said the hos- 
tages — Mr Jacobsen, Mr 
Terry Anderson, the Asso- 
ciated Press bureau chief in 
Beirut, and Mr Thomas 
Sutherland, the Acting Dean 
of Agricult ure at the American 
University in Beirut — would 
shortly be permitted to write a 

“The hostages have a po- 
sition (sic) towards what 
Shultz has said and we shall 
declare this position in a letter 
from the hostages to the 
American people fet the near 
future. And to all those trying 
to solve the case of die 
bostages~we say; ‘Yon per- 
fectly know our demands and 
bow they can be. met So why 
don't yon take a categoric step 
towards a solution?' * 

Islamic Jihad has been 
demanding the release of 17 
Lebanese convicted in Kuwait 
.for bombing the French and 
US embassies therein 1983. 

' In east Beirut* meanwhile, a 
small, privately-owned Chris- 
tian news agency, claimed that 
Mr Anderson was 111, and that 
a leading Lebanese “notable*' 
(who was unidentified) who 
maintains contact with the 
captors, had seen Mr Ander- 
son sick in bed. The “Central 
INfonnadon Agency,” how- 
ever, is . not considered a 
reliable source of information 
on die hostages- who are, in 
any case, believed to be held in 
the Muslim western sector of 
Beirut, not the east - 

Thousands of Thai villagers waiting patiently in monsoon rain for the last healing session of the season of “Dr Nor, the three-year-old boy believed to 
core all ailments with magic tree bark in his village of Wang Rongnoi, in Korat, northern Thailand; lining the path are “medical” kits of candles, in- 
cense and the bark. At right, the young faith healer being carried home exhausted after his long “surgery”. 

Officials careful to kill speculation that reforms may foe imminent 

hits out 
at West 

Lusaka (Reuter) — Presi- 
dent Kaunda of Zambia yes- 
terday accused Western 
leaders of poisoning race rela- 
tions throughout southern Af- 
rica by supporting South 

Western support for apart- 
heid was also to blame for 
South African trade reprisals 
against Zambia, which were 
likely to have a serious impact 
on its deeply troubled econ- 
omy. he said. 

South Africa had been send- 
ing spies into Zambia and 
neighbouring black states. 
Four white South Africans 
and one black were being held 
after having confessed to be- 
ing spies and saboteurs, he 
said, but he did not believe 
stories that foreigners de- 
tained in recent weeks had 
been seriously mistreated in 

Dr Kaunda said he did not 
know of any such cases but if 
this had happened the culprits 
would be punished. 

.President Reagan, Mrs Mar- 
garet Thatcher and ' other 
Western leaders were “poison- 
ing our otherwise happy racial 
atmosphere” in Zambia, Zim-. 
babwe and .elsewhere with 
their support for the Pretoria. 

Dr Kaunda indicated that 
Zambia was not likely to cut 
its air links with South Africa 
soon. ' - 

“That decision will be im- 
plemented at the appropriate 
time,” when Zambia bad co- 
ordinated plans with other 
Commonwealth countries, the 
United Stales and the Euro- 
pean Community. 

Zambia-Airways and South 
African Airways operate a ■ 
total of eight flights a week 
between Lusaka and Johan- 
nesburg. .... 

Botha convenes rare party 
congress to ‘take stock’ 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

Zulu leader, and Mr Sam 
Moisuenyane, president of the 

President Botha of South 
Africa opens a rare federal 
congress of bis National Party 
in Durban tomorrow night as 
the Government prepares for 
economic war with its black- 
ruled neighbours and its most 
important trading partners in 
the Western world. 

There have been only two of 
these congresses, which bring 
together party officials and 
delegates from all four prov- 
inces. in the past 25 years. 
They are usually convened to 
endorse some important cha- 
nge of policy or constitutional 

The last was in Bloem- 
fontein in 1982. It gave its 
blessing to the admission of 
ibe Indian and Coloured 
minorities to a segregated bi- 
cameral parliament shared 
with whites, a reform ap- 
proved by two out of three 
voters, at a whites-only 
referendum in November the 
following year. 

This time, however, the 
congress, overshadowed by 
the. wave of economic sanc- 
tions ‘That seems about- to 
break over South Africa, is 
more likely to provide an 
occasion fora mass wallowing 
in xenophobia and appeals for 
unity and loyalty in the face of 
external pressure. 

Party officials have been ax 
pains to pour cold water on 
press talk of dramatic an- 
nouncements at the congress, 
describing it as “a stock-taking 
exercise” chiefly to consoli- 
date support for reforms al- 
ready carried out rather than 
to unveil plans for the future. 

This low-key approach is 
explained partly by a desire to 

avoid a repetition of events a 
year ago. when expectations 
raised by two weeks of fever- 
ish speculation about im- 
minent far-reaching reforms 
were dashed brutally by Mr 
Botha in a speech to a 
provincial party congress, also 
in Durban. 

The anti-dimactic effect of 
the speech stimulated a run on 
the rand and prompted sev- 
eral American banks to call in 
short-term loans to Pretoria, a 
shock from which the cur- 

Clifford Longley on 
apartheid, page 14 

renev, and the economy in 
general, have never recovered. 

Observers both here and 
abroad are hoping, none the 
less, that this week's congress 
will shed more light on the 
Government's intentions on 
several key questions; . 

• The National Statutory 
Council: this advisory forum 
for negotiation with black 
leaders about the future 
constitution is the only tan- 
gible concession Mr Botha has 
made to blacks' demands fora 
say in .government. 

In his dismissive farewell 
message last month to Sir 
Geoffrey Howe,, the Foreign 
Secretary, Mr Botha boasted 
that, even without Mr Nelson 
Mandela of the African Na- 
tional Congress, he had plenty 
of “authentic and represent- 
ative” black leaders with 
whom to' negotiate. 

So far. however, no black 
leader of any substance has 
agreed to sit on the proposed 
council. Il has been rejected, 
for example, by Chief Gatsha. 

Buthelezi. the conservative 
National African Federated 
Chamber of Commerce. 

Much less well known 
abroad than Chief Buthelezi. 
Mr Moisuenyane’s organ- 
ization represents some 15.- 
000 black businessmen, the 
core of the emerging mer- 
cantile black middle-class 
which according to the theo- 
reticians in Pretoria is sup- 
posed to have most to gain 
from oo-operating with the 

If he wishes to breathe any 
life into the council. Mr Botha 
will have to produce some 
powerful new arguments this 
week in Durban on why men 
such as Chief Buthelezi and 
Mr Moisuenyane should re- 
consider their position. 

• Mr Mandela: Chief Buthe- 
lezi's main condition for tak- 
ing part in the council is the 
unconditional release from 
jail of Mr Mandela. Having so 
recently and so firmly rejected 
this very same demand from 
Sir Geoffrey, he has little 
room for manoeuvre here. 

• Group Areas Act some 
discussion at the congress on 
proposals for relaxing the 
basic law enforcing separate 
residential areas is possible, 
but no firm decisions are 
expected because a report on 
the subject is still awaited 
from the President's Council. 

• General election: there has 
been speculation periodically 
that Mr Botha might set a date 
for a general election, at least 
to the white House of Par- 
liament The rationale would 
be that this would be a good 
lime to cut the ground from 
under extreme right-wing 

Rent strike 

From Michael Hornsby 

.Armed officials, backed by 
police, moved into black town- 
ships near the Vaal River, 
some 40 miles south of 
Johannesburg, at the weekend 
and began evicting dozens of 
residents at gunpoint from 
their homes for failure to pay 


Evictions were reported 
from the townships of Seb- 
okeng. Evaton and Boipatong 
which, with Shaipeville, were 
the scene of riots in Septem- 
ber, 1984, provoked by threat- 
ened rent increases. 

The violence quickly spread 
to other parts of the country, 
taking die form of a general 
rejection of government-spon- 
sored adminis trative stru- 
ctures. Over the past two 
years, more than 2,000 people, 
nearly all black, have been 
killed in dashes with the 
police and internecine fending 
within the black community. 

Many residents of the Vaal 
River townships have not paid 
rent since the end of 1984, 
denying the local authorities 
some 20 million rand (£53 
million) in revenue. 

In Soweto on Saturday, the 
police used teargas to disperse 
a crowd of some 2,000 blades 
attending a funeral for three 
youths who were abducted last 
week by unknown men and 
whose corpses were later 
found lying on wasteland. 

Meanwhile, lawyers for the 
owners of South Africa's main 
English-language newspapers 
will argue in the Natal division 
of the Supreme Court today 
that restrictions imposed on 
the press under the state of 
emergency shonld be declared 

Prince is 
for drive 
by King 

Madrid - King Juan Carlos 
look Pnnce William, who is 
staying with his parents, the 
Prince and Princes of Wales, 
at Marivent Palace, the sum- 
mer home of the Spanish ro>aI 
family in Palma, Majorca, for 
a car drive (Richard Wigg 

The Spanish monarch was 
visiting his father. Don Juan, 
who is also in Palma. 

Gas kills 3 

Dhaka - Three people were 
killed and 50 others injured 
when a cvlinder containing 
poisonous gps exploded inside 
a cold store near here. 

Spy jailed 

Berlin (Reuter) — An East 
Berlin military court jailed 
Werner Krii^er, a West Ger- 
man. for 15 >ears for es- 
pionage against ihe East 
German and Polish armed 

Uganda move 

Kampala (Reuter) — Presi- 
dent Yoweri Museveni of 
Uganda will meet a delegation 
of elders from the country’s 
Baganda tribe to discuss their 
demand for the restoration of 
the Buganda monarchy. 
Prince Jjuko Walugemha said. 
The last Kabaka (king) of 
Buganda. Freddie Mutesa. lost 
his throne in 1967. 

Hostage blast 

Helsinki (AP) - A fugitive 
bank robber at the weekend 
blew up with dynamite a car in 
which he was surrounded by 
police, killing himself and a 
hostage he had taken during a 
hold-up in Helsinki, police 
said. A second hostage es- 
caped from the getaway car 
before the explosion. 

Unfit house 

Ankara (Reuter) — Eleven 
people died when an un- 
completed five-storey build- 
ing in which they were living 
collapsed near the south coast 
town ofErdemll 

Plague deaths 

Kampala (Reuter) - 
Twenty -two people have died 
of bubonic plague in the 
Nebbi district of north-west- 
ern Uganda. 

Tunis fears 

Tunis (Reuter) - Swanns of 
grasshoppers have been 
sighted in western Tunisia, 
posing a threat to olive groves 
and cereal crops there, the 
Tunisian daily, Sabah, 

Pilgrims held 

Nicosia (AP) — A group of 
113 Iranian pilgrims was ar- 
rested by Saudi Arabian police 
on their arrival at Jiddah. 

Royal holiday 

Cahors (.AFP) — Queen 
Margrethe of Denmark and 
Prince Henrik are holidaying 
with their son. Prince Jo- 
achim. at Caix Castle in south- 
west France. 



V ■ 


' "Is 

Eta contact 
by Madrid 

From Richard Wigg 

The Spanish Interior Min- 
istry has denied there were 
contacts earlier this year be- 
tween the Government and 
Serlor Domingo Iturbe, prin- 
cipal leader of Eta, the Basque 
separatist organization, before 
France expelled him last 
month to Gabon. 

Sedor Julidn San cristobaL. 
Director of State Security at 
the Ministry, denied a detailed 
report in El Pais yesterday. 
The often well-informed Ma- 
drid daily said that between 
March and last month two sets 
of contacts were going on with 
the 42-year-old leader of Eia]s 
military .wing. One was initi- 
ated by Madrid through an 
intermediary, and the second 
was between the Basque 
Nationalisi Party and the 
Basque regional Government 
and Eta, at the latter's 

The denial was only to be 
expected. Setter San Cristobal 
maintained that the only mat- 
ter ever put to Setter Iturbe 
was an oner two years ago to 
negotiate on. when and where 
the Basque separatists would 
give up their armed. struggle. 
There was ho response. 

Sources -dose to the Basque 
Government, however, have 
publicly accused Madrid of 
disrupting promising signs of 
a dialogue by doing nothing to 
prevent the Eta leader’s 
deportation by France. Seiior 
Xabier Aizallus, chairman of 
the Basque Nationalist Party. ‘ 
accused Madrid last week of 
missing opportunities to seek 
a negotiated settlement. 

A Socialist Party leader in 
the Basque region last week 
rejected a claim that Madrid 
had aborted the possibility of 
such negotiations, insisting 
that the French move had 
been entirely uncoordinated 
with Madrid. 

Sehor Felipe Gonzilez, the 
Spanish. Prime Minister, has 
repeatedly, insisted in. public 
that there (fan be no political 
negotiations with terrorists. . 

of the closure of the Champs Elysfe for 
the making of a film promoting Paris for the 1992 Olympic 

Games, M Albert Mai tret landed his light aircraft in front of 

the Arc de Triomphe yesterday. Police took him away. 

leads protest 
on emigration 

Jerusalem (Reuter) — Mr 
Anatoly Shcharansky. the for- 
mer Soviet dissident, led a 
rally yesterday outside the 
office of the Prime Minister, 
Mr Shimon Peres, urging Is- 
rael to abandon planned talks 
unless Moscow stepped up 
Jewish emigration. 

He told about 1 50 protesters 
that an estimated 400,000 
Jews wanted to leave the 
Soviet Union. Only 31 were 
allowed to go last month, 
according to the International 
Committee for Migration. 

At Moscow's initiative, 
Russian and IsraeG officials 
are to meet in Helsinki on 
August 1 8 in their first official 
talks since the Soviet Union 
severed relations over the Six-. 
Day War in 1967. 

Mr Shcharansky, who was 
freed in an East- West prisoner 
exchange in February after 
eight years m a Soviet labour 
camp, said that as a condition 
for-the meeting Israel should 
demand a gesture fro m the 
Kremlin towards Jews who 
seek to emigrate. 

Peruvian jets 
raid Amazon 
cocaine bases 

Lima (Reuter) — Peruvian 
security forces backed by two 
squadrons of Air Force jets 
and helicopters yesterday at- 
tacked 12 cocaine-trafficking 
bases in the Amazon jungle, an 
Interior Ministry statement 

Seftor Abel Salinas, the 
Minister of the Interior, told 
the official news agency that 
the raids marked the first use 
of fighter aircraft In an anti- 
narcotics operation. 

Seftor Salinas said police 
helicopters involved in tiro 
raids were nut by machine- 
gun fire from traffickers but he 
did not say if there were any 

The Interior Ministry state- 
ment said the jets bombed and 
fired rockets at two of the 
bases and planned to attack 
others later. Helicopters were 
used to raid one of the drag 
bases called “Yellow Earth,” 
it added. 

The Government said four 
of the raided bases had cocaine 
refining equip m en t. 

Optimism on arms control 

From Frederick Bonnart 

A breakthrough in the pro- 
tracted nuclear arms control 
negotiations is expected be- 
fore the end of the year. As 
Nato settles into lower gear for 
the summer, senior officials 
are cautiously optimistic 
about the recent US-Soviet 
exchanges in the sparring in- 
tended to lead to a summit. 

A senior diplomat at Nato, 
emphasizing the fundamental 
difference between present 
and previous proposals, said: 
“The coming year will be 

In the past the aim had been 
to limit existing and future 
systems, but the present inten- 
tion was to obtain massive 
reductions at one fell swoop. 

The Strategic Arms Limita- 
tion Treaties (Salt 1 and Salt 
2), as well as the Anti-Ballistic 
Missile (ABM) Treaty, had in- 
tended to equalize Soviet and 
American weapons, the diplo- 
mat said. 

Now, according to Dr Rob- 
ert Barker, the chief US nego- 
tiator. for the first time since 

1 956. when Salt started, actual 
reductions are being consid- 
ered seriously and construc- 
tive proposals are being 

The nine-day special ses- 
sion in Geneva of the US- 
Soviet Commission which 
had tried to find a solution to 
the projected abandonment of 
Salt 2 broke up in disagree- 
ment last week. The talks on 
nuclear testing, on which Nato 
was briefed on Friday, have 
failed to reach agreement on 
the verification problem. 

But matters look different at 
the top. where, according to 
another official “a bargain is 
shaping up”. 

This is particularly so for 
space weapons, where Mr 
Gorbachov now appears to 
have accepted continued re- 
search. subject to its being 
confined to laboratories. 

President Reagan, who had 
previously been adamant 
about not using his Strategic 
Defence Initiative (SDI) as a 
“bargaining chip", appears to 
have agreed to a delay in the 
deployment of space weapons. 

Although details of the con- 

tents of the reccm letters 
exchanged by the two leaders 
remain secret, officials have 
intimated that Mr Reagan 
made a positive offer in 
response to Mr Gorbachov’s 
request for an American 
commitment to continued 
adherence to the ABM Treaty 
for 1 5-20 years. 

He proposes to substitute a 
five-year term for the present 
six-month notice required by 
the treaty, followed by two 
more years during which the 
two sides would discuss shar- 
ing techno logv and managing 
deployment of defensive space 
weapons. After that, cither 
would be able to deploy, sub- 
ject to six months' notice. 

On strategic weapons. Mr 
Reagan proposes a 50 per cent 
cut, as opposed to Mr 
Gorbachov's 30 per cent. 

While there is still a consid- 
erable gap in the initial po- 
sitions of both sides, agree- 
ment appears to exist on the 
possibility of trading deep cuts 
in offensive weapons against 
some restraints on SDI re- 

Doctors give Reagan 
clean MU of health 

Budget vote casts doubt on allied role in SDI 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

Doctors gave President 
Reagan a dean bill ofhealtbat 
the weekend, announcing that 
tests on his urinary tract 
showed no abnormality or 
evidence, of tumour or any 
other disease (Michael Binyon 

“Everything's normal, 
everything’s fine,” Mr Reagan 
said as he left Bethesda Naval 
Hospital after two hours on 

Mr Burton Smith, the. 
White House urologist, said 
no other urological examina- 
tions were planned. The 
White House refused to say 
what pain or symptoms had 
prompted the tests, which 
were unrelated to Mr Reagan's 
regular check-ups following 
his cancer operation. • 

However. Mr Reagan has a 
history of urinary tract prob- 
lems. including surgery to 
remove 30 sinall stones in 
1967 and tests in 1982 similar 
' to 'those on Saturday: 

Doctors have pointed out 
that such problems are com- 
mon for men in their 70s. 

Saying he felt “great” Mr 
Reagan insisted as he went 
into hospital that he was in no 
danger, and had chosen this 
moment for the routine tests 
because of his busy autumn- 

He also took his drug test 
beforehand so that the an- 
aesthetic would not distort the 
resuIL The rest of his Cabinet 
will take their drug tests,.] 
intended as an example to the 
country, today. ; 

After days of often sharp 
debate, the Senate overwhelm- 
ingly approved a S295 billion 
200 billion) defence budget 
for 1987 which cuts back 
President Reagan's military 
build-up. Including his Strate- 
gic Defence Initiative, and 
may jeopardize the participa- 
tion of Britain and other allies 
in Star Wars. 

The vote came daring a rare 
Saturday session, as the Sen- 
ate tried to complete much 
Important legislation before 
the summer recess begins on 
Friday: By 86 votes to 3, 
senators approved a budget 
that is slightly higher than the 
House version, but cuts some 
$25 billion from Mr Reagan's 
irinal request. 

One of the biggest ents is in 
SDI, reduced from $5.3 brUion 
(0 $3.9 billion. 

An important amendment 
that will raise hackles in 
Europe, especially In Britain 
and West Germany, was a ban 
on awarding lucrative SDI 
contracts to foreign countries. 

Unless the Defence Sec- 
retary can show that snch 
research work “cannot reason- 
ably be performed by a US 
firm,” the Pentagon is in- 
structed to keep the contracts 
at home. 

If this provision is kept in 
the final version of the K1L it 
will severely embarrass the 
Administration hi its attempts ‘ 
to garner allied support for 
SDI with the promise of large- 
scale participation. The am- 
endment does not affect those 
contracts already signed, 
worth a&otrt $25 mulion. 

Senator John Glenn, a 

Senator Glenn: critical of 
contracts for allies, 
mocraf from Ohio, accused 
toe Reagan Administration of 
being like “a kid with a sack of 
.candy” in attempting to win 
friends for SDI by promises of 

At a time when US univer- 
sities were crying out for help, 

“we're going to curry favour 
with our allies who won't share 
their burdens to begin with, 
and we're going to give than 
our research money.” 

He criticized the proposal to 
“spend billions abroad” to let 
others gain a competitive edge 
over the US in high technol- 
ogy, “and we pay for it” 

West German)' especially 
has agreed to SDI participa- 
tion to gain access to US high 
technology, despite hints that 
little real technology transfer 
wifi be allowed. 

The ban, however, may be 
dropped under Administration 
pressure during the conference 
to reconcile the Senate SOI 
with that of the House, which 
is not yet finished. 

The Administration has in- 
sisted that Congress is en- 
dangering the US defence 
build-up with its budget cots. 
And the Senate's two leading 

military experts, Senate 
Barry Goldwater, an Arizou 
Republican, and Senator Sat 
Nunn, a Georgia Democrat 
said that because of balance* 
budget legislation, the UJ 
faces more than $400 billion ii 
military cuts over the next fiv 
years which, they said, wouh 
create a “crisis for defence”. 

The Senate also approved i 
non-binding resolution nrgini 
President Reagan to resum 
negotiations with Moscow on : 
comprehensive test ban, and ti 
continue compliance with th 
Salt 2 and anti-ballistic mis 
site treaties. 

On Friday the Hous< 
passed a mandatory one-yea: 
nuclear testing ban as ai 
amendment to its defence Bill 
Arms control experts sail 
both moves would put pressor 
on the Administration to in 
crease efforts to reach an arm: 
agreement with the Russians. 





The award winning Montego. 

“What Car?” magazine’s Best Family Saloon Car of the 
Year in both 1985 and 1986. 

“What Car?” Estate Car of the Year 1985. “Fleet Facts” 
Fleet Car of the Year, 1985. 

The first saloon car ever to be selected by the Design 

The Montego Easy Purchase Plan. 

For a limited period, we are making the Montego range 
an even more attractive proposition. With the introduction of 
a special low cost finance scheme on till Montego saloons and 

For example, buy a new Montego Mayfair Estate for an 
initial 20% down (which you could probably cover with your 
part exchange) and Austin Rover can arrange through Austin 
Rover Finance a low cost repayment scheme for a choice of 
periods which could save you as much as £1,000. 

Take a look at the chart and see the superb savings you can 
make on the cost of credit. 

Talk to your Austin Rover dealer now. 








24 MONTHS j 




4.6% PA 

11.0% PA 

4.6% PA 

11.0% PA 

(8.9% APR) 

(21.7% APR)** 

(8.9% APR) 

(21-7% APR)** 

Cash Price 



£ 9,812.90* 

£ 9,812.90* 




£ 1,96238 

£ 1.962.58 

Amount of Credit 



£ 735032 

£ 7.850.32 

Monthly Payments 

£ 263.72 

£ 294.63 

£ 357.18 

£ 399.05 

Charge for Credit 

£ 533.09 


£ 722.00 

£ L726.88 

Total Amount Payable 








• On ihe road price ind; 6 month road tax, plates and d^very Sunroof shown on 1 .6L available at an extra cost orr-tni <*n 
** This represents a typical Austin Rover Finance interest rate fora new Montego in June 1986. 




; •'/ i . 





1 . ... 

\ 1 >.SN i ' 1 -n 

or now 



General who planned 
assault on Sikh Golden 
Temple is assassinated 

Lieutenant-General Arun 
Kumar Vaidya. former chief 
of staif of the Indian Army 
and architect of the storming 
of the Sikh Golden Temple of 
Amritsar, was shot dead by 
four clean-sbaveo men in the 
heart of Pune cantonment 

His wife; Mrs Bhanu Devi, 
was wounded but is said to be 
out of danger. 

The general was driving' 
home with his wife from 
market in Pune, about 100 
miles east of Bombay, when 
the assailants, two on a motor 
cycle and two on a motor 
scooter, drew level with his car 
and Hired at him with auto- 
matic weapons. He was de- 
clared dead on his arrival at a 
military hospital. 

He was hjgb on the hit-list 
of Sikh extremists since Op- 
eration Blue Star at Amritsar 
in i 984, in which their leader, 
Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindran- 
waJe, was killed. 

General Vaidya, aged 60. is 
the most important victim of 
terrorism since Mrs Indira 
Gandhi, the late Prime Min- 
ister, was assassinated by two 
of her Sikh security guards in 
1 984. He and the police were 
warned then by the extremists 
that they would take their 
revenge on him. 

Two days ago newspapers 

From KnJdip Nayar, Delhi 

ran a threatening letter to the 
general on their front pages. 
The Pune police commis- 
sioner had alerted all stations 
and had lightened security 
around him. But there was no 
policeman or security guard 
when he was shot 

The attack came within 24 
hours of the arrest of a feared 
extremist. Manbir Singh 
Chaheru, chief of the “Khal- 
isian Commando Force”, in 
JuUundur. indicating that the 
general's death may nave been 
m reprisal for the arrest 
Manbir carried a reward of 
£5,500 on his bead. 

In the absence of Mr Rajiv. 
Gandhi, the Prime Ministers, 
who returns to Delhi tomor- 
row from his overseas tour. 

General Vaidya; living under 
threat since 1984 

Daunting autumn for Craxi 

Image tarnished 
by coalition deal 

From Peter Nichols, Rome 

Signor Rettino Craxi, the 
Italian Prime Minister, must 
be asking himself on Ms 
holiday whether his deter- 
mination to stay on after his 
record-breaking three consec- 
utive years In the post was 
politically wise. 

The autumn looks politi- 
cally daunting. His last gov- 
ernment fell on June 27 
because of differences within 
the five-party coalition, not 
through the efforts of the 
official opposition. 

Differences remain, even if 
for the moment they are less 

The principal one concerned 
who should be Prime Min- 
ster, and that was settled by 
an arrangement imta^which:? 
Signor Cnud,.who is- a Social- . 
1st would hand back the prime 
ministership next spring to a 
Christian Democrat That 
arrangement has been criti- 

Among others,- Senator 
Sandro Pertini, die former 
President said that agree- 
ments on alternating the office 
of Prime Minister should be a 
question for Parliament and 
not for the parties to decide. 

The Christian Democrat 
leadership, moreover, has 
been criticized from its own 
ranks for having gained too. 
little from the foil of the last 

Members of the Communist 
opposition maintain that the 
Christian Democrats may still 
be tricked out of their torn at 
leading the coalition if, by the 
spring, the political situation 
has deteriorated to the point 
that elections are inevitable. 

Signor Craxi, while in office 
last time, won a reputation for 
a pragmatic approach unusual 
in Italian political affairs and 
for courage as well as a 
generous share of luck. 

At the time that his govern- 
ment fell be was presiding over 
a period of political stability, 
in that- the same government 
had been in power for an 

Panic as 
banks fail 

"ONTCGO2.0 ^ | n Kenya Malaysia 

■ A ro; •» tv- • i? i tar 


- ~ ,1 
v »! 

v." r,? 

v.n .,, A pr 

, Al'K 1 ! . 

Vi : :: v 

il! ‘ -'Tips 


From Charles Harrison 

Two banks and three credit 
institutions have closed here, 
creating panic and uncertainty 
among the new banking ana 
financial institutions which 
have mushroomed in Kenya 
in the past few years. 

Mismanagement and the 
diversion or funds to individ- 
uals and companies linked 
with the directors of some of 
these institutions have been 
Wanted, and President Moi 
has ordered the Central Bank 
to lake over the management 
of institutions where dep- 
ositors’ funds are at risk. 

The President says those 
responsible for mismanage- 
ment will be required to make 
good any losses. 

The first to run into trouble 
was the Rural-Urban Finance 
Corporation, a Kenyan- 
owned building society and 
credit finance operator, whose 
depositors have been trying to 
withdraw their cash for more 
than six months. 

Last month the Continental 
Bank of Kenya and an asso- 
ciated finance house closed 
after the Central Bank with- 
drew overdraft facilities. Last 
week the Union Bank of 
Kenya artf the Jimba Credit 
Corporation closed when the 
Nairobi. Bankers* Gearing 
House refused to accept 
Union Bank cheques. ! 

From M. G .G.PiBai 
Kuala Lumpur 

Less than a week after the 
National Front was returned 
to power in an overwhelming 
electoral 1 victory, it feces an- 
other big financial and politi- 
cal controversy. 

The Malaysian Central 
Bank on Friday froze the 
assets of 23 deposit-taking co- 
operatives. with a total 
membership of 540.000 and 
1.400 million Malaysian dol- 
lars (about £360 million) in 
deposits, after public com- 

Among the 109 directors of 
these co-operatives whose as- 
sets .were frozen and passports 
impounded are two deputy 
ministers, the president and 
secretary-general of the 
Malaysian Trades Union Con- 
gress (MTUQ and several 
newly-elected members of 
Parliament including Mr Tan 
Koon Swan, president of the 
Malaysian Chinese Associ- 
ation (MCA). 

Adding to the official 
embarrassment is the feet that 
many of these co-operatives 
are controlled or managed by 
prominent politicians of the 
ruling coalition. It comes 
amid controversies surround- 
ing a banking and provident 
funds scandal, and another 
over how Mr Daim Zainuddin 
won control of a bank while 
still Minister of Finance. 

Mr Buta Singh, the Home 
-Minister, consulted several 
Cabinet colleagues and put the 
-country on a general aten. 

In a condolence message. 
President Zail Singh said: “It 
is a matter of great disin»$s 
that the cult of violence is 
spreading like a virus. This 
should be condemned by one 
and all, and evil forces spread- 
ing violence should be put 

down with a heavy hand.” 

General Vaidya, who re- 
tired as Army chief on January 
31. was one of India's most 
decorated generals. Commis- 
sioned on January 20. 1945 in 
the armoured corps, he held 
many regimental and staff 

On Operation Blue Star, he 
told a Bombay magazine that 
“a soldier is never told not to 
hit back in case of attack, but 
keeping in view the sanctity of 
the Golden Temple 1 had to 
issue such an order. The 
soldiers were - told not to 
return the fire.” 

Meanwhile, a former Chief 
Minister of Punjab, Mr 
Prakash Singh Badai, and a 
former president of the Sikh 
Gurdwara Prabandhak Com- 
mittee, are being held for 15 
days pending Inal on charges 
of defying an order not to visit 
the areas of Delhi recently 
affected by Sikh riots. 

From Vijftha Yapa 

Shops belonging to Tamils 
were burnt by Muslims in 
Kalmunai in Sri Lanka's East- 
ern Province yesterday, in 
retaliation for the killing of a 
Muslim youth by Tamil 
guerrillas at Kudairuppu on 
Saturday, police sources said. 

Meanwhile, Mrs Sirimavo 
Bandaranaike. leader of the 
main opposition party, the Sri 
Lanka Freedom Party, said 
that Government proposals 
for devolving power through 
provincial councils would di- 
vide the nation further. 

In ah interview with the 
Sinhala-language paper, Sri 

Lanka Decpa, she said the 
Government had no right to 
impose decentralization with- 
out seeking a mandate. 

The second round of .talks 
between the Sri Lanka Gov- 
ernment and the moderate 
Tamil United Liberation 
Front will be held in Colombo 
next Saturday. 

banned for 
US essays 

Budapest (AP) — Hungary 
has banned works by a noted 
writer and playwright Istvan 
Csurka. after his essays were 
published in America, and has 
suspended a literary journal 
for political reasons, Hungar- 
ian newspapers say. 

The deputy Minister of 
Culture. Mr Gyoigy Vajda. 
told the daily Magyar Semza 
that Mr Csurka, evading rules 
on Hungarians publishing 
abroad, had had essays 
brought out by an unnamed 
New Vork publisher. 

Mr Vajda said that **hts 
statements and lectures made 
abroad” as well as the US 
essays "violate Hungary's in- 
terests. present a distorted 
picture of public life here, of 
the past 30 years in this 
nation's history”. 

An investigation was under 
way. he added, against the 
editorial board of the sus- 
pended magazine. Tiszatdj, 
who had "committed a whole 
series of errors with regard to 
editing policy, and to the 
democratic and responsible 
Workshop' practice". 

A Hungarian intellectual in 
Vienna believes that the edi- 
tors are being punished for 
publishing poems by Gaspar 
Nagy, dismissed in 1984 as 
secretary of the Writers’ 
Union, and by Sandor Csoori. 
a writer who has had many 
problems with authorities. 

unprecedented length of time. 

There were also signs of 
economic .expansion aided by 
lower oil prices and the weaker 

But the 34 days between his 
two governments had a tar- 
nishing effect. The series of 
parliamentary ambushes that 
finally bmght him down had 
made stability look a more 
fragile growth. 

The fact that the political 
batik only concerned who 
should lead the coalition and 
not what its policies should be 
helped to discredit the whole 
manoeuvre in die eyes of the 

Few, if any, governments 

Jrave feen formed under the 

shadow of so bad a press. The; 
poHtimns have been severely 
taken to task for contacting 
power games which had no 
direct contact with the coun- 
try's requirements, amidst 
sceptical dismay from the 

Signor Craxi has shown 
that he can respond to the 
requirements of public opin- 
ion, especially inhis attempts 
to provide a basis for political 
stability and to give the exec- 
utive more power over an 
unwieldy parliamentary set- 

■ He is also determined to 
seek a redaction in the use of 
the secret vote in Parliament, 
which led his last government 
to suffer so many defeats when 
he was least expecting dis- 
loyally from his own coalition 

After the gruelling mara- 
thon of his first administra- 
tion, Signor Craxi mast now 
show whether the appearance 
of stability he brought was a 
happy but passing phase, or 
whether Italy is now set on a 
long-term course of healthy 
development, . 

But first he must cancel the 
impression of a serious relapse 
given to the public by the 
events of the past few weeks. 

scandal in 



I future-proof! 

You get twin guarantees when you buy the 
new 4th Issue Index-linked Certificate. Guarantees 
that make these Certificates future-proof. 

To start with you are guaranteed that the 
money you invest will be inflation-proofed for 
five full years. And that means your money is proof 
againstprice rises in the future. 

Then on top of that you get Extra Interest of 
4% p.a. guaranteed for five full years. And that’s proof 
against other interest rate changes in the future. 

What’s more, the whole return is tax-free at 
all levels. You don’t even need to enter it on your 
tax form. 

If you have anything between £25 and £5,000 
to invest, pick up a prospectus and application form 
from your bank or post office. 

Do it soon and startfuture-piDofingyourmoney 

Because whatever the future holds, one thing 
you will know for certain is that with these Certifi- 
cates your money is going to have more buying power 




That’s guaranteed by 


V:&'^ ^ ■' J 



' !' 


O ntJ 

and 32 months Road Fund licence 

Initial Payment (minimum 20%) 

after contract date 

Charge for Credit 

Tbtal Credit Price 


SIERRA 1300+ 

APR 93% 

APR 214%* 












APR 93% 

£87305 I £1959.99 

s mm 

See how you can benefit from 49% (93% APR) finance and maintenance** together; 


APR 93% 

APR 214%* 



_ £1897.19 






. £11990.15 



You can have maintenance and 49% (93% APR) finance together for around the same cost as typical finance in June. 

T h? aihm/p finanro p Lan p; anhjart to credit approval anH applies to Sierra vehides r * £:-• . - j r- ' » ni and S^pL 30th 1986 ip E nglan d, Scotland and wfolea and which are 
subject to Conditional Sale Agreements arranged by participating Ebrd dealers and undr.rv - •-'.n G cipany Limited, Regent House, 1 Hubert Road, Brentwood, 

Essex CM14 4QL Applicants must be over 3 B years of age and credit worthy Heas® note vu,,^ s */•; 31 liable for eligible vehides 

at extra cost Figures are correct at time of going to press. ’This represents a typical Pbrd Crwiii ituirtaH, rate tui a new Sierra during June 198& . . 

TV mp yptonanr^ pa wfTI npwmfai for « a ypar period with a TTMY. annual mileage of 15.000. lExd. RS Cosworih. ti Max. retail price asafc July 1st ;19S6. 

tSubjecttoavailabilitg!: . 

•? «■- Vs 


lVl !i 

tin hi! 



i U. ;i 

« f* 



in thi 

* vrwjr 



:U- ' : 

***£■ TIi»ailS i*IQNDAY AUOu'Sr ii i9oo 

V liivihrid INCVV O 

Nuclear ban leads to isolation 

Lange sees loss 


From Richard Long, Sara, Fqi 

Mr David Lange, the New 
Zealand . Prime Minister, ex- 
pects the United States and 
Australia- -to take joint action 
today to isolate New Zealand 
further as a result of his 
Government's ban on nuclear 
warship visits. 

Looking ahead last night to 
today's meeting in San Fran- 
cisco between Pat Bill Hayden, 
Australia's Foreign Affairs 
Minister, and ‘ Mr George 
Shultz, the US Secretary of 
State. Mr Lange predicted that 
the US would tty to drive a 
wedge between Australia and 
New Zealand on defence 

This would come at a time 
when New Zealand would 
need to be more dependent on 
Australia For bilateral defence 
exercises, he said. 

Mr Lange, speaking in Suva, 
where he is attending a meet- 
ing of the South Pacific Fo- 
rum. said he was not 
perturbed about the prospect, 
and it would not change his 
Government's anti-nuclear 
policies. He says be will expect 
Australia to act to maintain its 
important defence links with 

The Hayden -Shultz talks 
have replaced the full Anzus 
Council talks which also in- 
cluded New Zealand before 
Mr Lange's Government bar- 
red nuclear-capable warships. 
Mr Shultz has since declared 
New Zealand and the United 
Stales to have parted 

Speaking after the weekend 
session of ibe Forum here. Mr 
Lange said New Zealand had ' 
been rapped over the knuckles 
by Washington since February 
1985. when it banned the visit 

Mr Lange: no doubt about 
Australia's response. . 

of the AJSS Buchanan, which 
-Spmked the Anzus row. 

“I would think that there is 
a possibility that we would, m 
a bilateral sense, have 
greater dependence on Austra- 
lia for military exercising. It is 
also conceivable that the 
United States, depending on 
what view it took of New 
Zealand after San Francisco, 
could well put conditions on 
Australia which could affect or 
compromise the ability of 
Australia to have a military 
relationship with us. 

"I don't have any doubt at 
all as to wbat the responsible 
Australian response to that 
would be. 

■ "It is pdfocily- plain to me 
that Australia sees Hs relation- 
ship with the United States 
militarily as bring more im- 
portant than hs relationship 
with New Zealand militarily. 
That is the simple fact.” 

Mr Lange said he would 
advise Australia in ibis case 
not to jeopardize its relation- 
ship with Washington "be- 
cause it is ridiculous to think 
that Australia would com- 
promise its security interests 
to accommodate New Zea- 

• Confidence on fishing offer: 
Meanwhile, after the talks 
between-the 13 leaders of the 
independent nations of the 
South Pacific. Mr Lange said 
there was a new confidence 
that Washington would come 
up with a satisfactory offer for 
fishing rights when talks re- 
sume later this year. . 

This follows years of irrita- 
tion over the activities of 
American tuna fishermen in 
the SouthTacifk. 

The tunamen claim the 
right to. pursue migratory tuna 
into exclusive economic zone 
waters, and their exercise of 
thisaileged right has been seen 
by Australia and New Zealand 
to be encouraging the island 
nations to enter fishing deals 
whh the.Sovjei Union. 

. Corrective action from 
Washington has been slow in 
coming But Mr Lange, speak- 
ing . after the Forum dis- 
cussion, said the US 
Government had come, to 
grips -with the fundamental 
problem "that it cannot allow 
its foreign policy interests to 
be dictated by the tuna boats 
association.” 1 . 

Bishop Desmond Tutu, Anglican Bishop of Johannesburg, with Bishop Ding Gnangxtm, 
left, of Shangh a i 's Community Church, where Bishop Tutu preached yesterday. 

Mongolia pact boosts 
Sino-Soviet thaw 

From David Bona via, Hong Kong 

The signing of a new con- 
sular agreement between 
China and the Mongolian 
People’s Republic, announced 
at the weekend, marks a 
significant step ' forward in 
Sino-Soviet relations. 

Mongolia, though theoreti- 
cally an independent country, 
is tinder total Soviet political 
control and China has long 
complained that Soviet troops 
and missiles are 'stationed 
there to intimidate her. The 
Soviet leadership bos recently 
indicated, however, that it 
may be prepared to withdraw 
some of its forces from Mon- 
golia. as demanded by Peking. 

This is aO part of a new 
Soviet diplomatic . offensive 
aimed at persuading China 
that she is not under threat 
from the- Soviet ride. Mr 
Gorbachov has even said that 
there might be a renewal of 
negotiations on the disputed 
river frontier between the two 
countries, where there 
clashes in 1969. 

Moscow is apparently pre- 
pared to hold talks on the 
definition of the frontier as 
running down the median 
course of the Ussuri River, 
where fighting took place in 
March 1969, instead of along 
the Chinese bank, as insisted 
hitherto by the Russians.. 

This could lead to other 
readjustments concerning dis- 
puted borders along the Amur 
River and in central Asia, 
where there were also clashes 
in 1969. 

a move would be a 
tenia] reversal of the 
Soviet position. Moscow in 
the past has ruled out any 
territorial claims by its 

Top US 
arms team 

in Moscow 


Combined with the an- 
nounced withdrawal of a 
considerable number of troops 
from Afghanistan, the Soviet 
Union is dearly doing its best 
to improve its relations with 

Shoppers need a ticket to buy 

Peking (Renter) — A shop in 
Tianjin, south-east of Peking, 
has proved so popular that the 
crush of shoppers broke down 
the staircase despite then- 
needing to buy tickets to get in. 

The China Daily's Business 

Weekly said yesterday that 
the Tianjin International 
Market was popular because it 
sold scarce high-quality dom- 
estic and imported goods, 
iududug Items from more 
than 200 foreign firms. 

Moscow (Reuter) — A group 
of American negotiators led 
6y Mr Paul Nitze. President 
Reagan's special adviser on 
arms control, arrived here 
yesterday for discussions on 
nuclear and space weapons 
which could help to pave the 
way for a new superpower 

Tass said that the talks, 
starting today, were part of the 
preparations for a meeting 
between the Soviet Foreign 
Minister, Mr Eduard Shev- 
ardnadze, and the US Sec- 
retary of State. Mr George 
Shultz, in Washington next 

Mr Shultz and Mr Shev- 
ardnadze will be working to- 
wards a second summit 
meeting between President 
Reagan and Mr Gorbachov, 
which is due later this year in 
accordance with the under- 
standing reached when they 
met in Geneva last year. 

However, Mr Shultz, speak- 
ing last week, seemed less 
certain that the two leaders 
would meet this year, saying 
that Mr Nitze's mission was to 
help to get the next round of 
Geneva arms talks off to a 
quick start. 

Diplomats note that Wash- 
ington has sent a very high- 
level team, including its three 
negotiators at Geneva. 

Western investors find the 

open-door policy jammed 

In the firs of two articles on 
China's economic situation. 
Robert Grieves reports from 
Peking on the difficulties be, set- 
ling some joint ventures with 
Western companies. 

"Because you are an old 
friend, we are awarding you a 
high priority project,” the 
spokesman for a Chinese 
industrial group recently told 
an American banker in Pe- 
king. "We want you to finance 
what will be a very profitable 

nese partners — are struggling 
to break even, and why the 
Chinese economy, hailed by 
Peking as the locomotive that 
drives Mr Deng Xiaoping's 
political reforms, faces serious 

The banker leaned forward 
with interest in his chair. 

"What we would like you to 
consider." the Chinese spok- 
esman continued, "is a factory 
that will produce tyres exclu- 
sively for aMC Beijing Jeep.” 

“1 could not believe h." the 
banker recalled. "They appar- 
ently had not heard about the 
problems AMC Beijing Jeep 

were having.” 

It is a joint venture between 
American Motors Corpora- 
tion and the China National 
Automotive Industry Corp- 
oration. At the time of the 
banker's meeting with the 
Chinese group, the American 
side of the venture, now in its 
fourth year, had just appealed 
to Mr Zhao Ziyang. the Chi- 
nese Prime Minister, to order 
its Chinese partners to live up 
to their contractual obliga- 
tions to provide spore pans 
and foreign exchange so that 
the factory could continue 

Seven years after Mr Deng. 
China's cider statesman, and 
his supporters initiated the 
open-door policy, many eco- 
nomic managers are still 
dogmatically inflexible, the 
work force remains largely 
unskilled, the costs of doing 
business have rocketed, and 
the counted-on heavy infusion 
of foreign investment has yet 
to happen. 

In the case of AMC Beijing 
Jeep, the Americans seem to 
have been unprepared for the 

central hank, curbed foreign 
exchange expenditures m 
1985 in an effort to halt the 
drain on hard currency re- 
serves and the runaway 
growth rate of 23 per cent in 
the first six months of the 

But unlike the economic 
slowdown of 1980-1981, after 
China had drained its foreign 
exchange reserves to buy turn- 
key plants that it could not 
operate, the slowdown of \ 986 
may not be followed by an- 
other period of expansion. 

Western economists here 
say this is because most of the 
slack in agricultural produc- 
tion has been taken up. and 

the productivity remaining to 
lina’s indu 



Part 1 

difficulties they met. They 
seem not to have realized that 
their Chinese partners might 
want to hoard foreign ex- 
change. or that the Chinese car 
industry might view a foreign 
joint venture as competition 
that must be eliminated. 

AMC Beijing Jeep ul- 
timately won its "quick fix” 
cash infasion, but it may have 
lost the war. Several Chinese 
middle-managers reportedly 
lost so much face over the 
venture's well-publicized 
problems that they may never 
again co-operate with iL 

its problems illustrate why 
Western investors have sour- 
ed on China, why the 
country's 2,645 equity joint 
ventures — most of them with 
Hong Kong or overseas Chi- 

Nor were they prepared for 
the high cost of doing business 
in China. For example, cor- 
porate import duties for office 
supplies and other items av- 
erage about 300 per cent The 
rental for an office suite in 
Peking's Great Wall Hotel 
costs £S5.000 a year. 

The slowdown in state for- 
eign exchange spending must 
be considered a key cause of 
the West’s disappointment in 
the Chinese market. Business 
possibilities have been se- 
verely curtailed as a result. 

After spending billions of 
yuan in foreign exchange to 
import such consumer items 
as video cassettes, refrig- 
erators and Japanese cats, the 
People's Bank of China, its 

be tapped in China’s indus- 
trial sector must be wrung out 
at great expense in both the 
commitment of resources and 
of labour. 

China's State Statistical Bu- 
reau recently painted a mixed 
picture of the economy in the 
first half of 1986. The good 
news was that industrial out- 
put in the private sector had 
increased by 18.4 per cent, 
while grain production, which 
had dropped 7 per cent in 
1 985, was up 3.5 pa* cent to 92 
million tonnes. Consumer 
prices had risen by only 5.5 
per cent, as against 8.6 per 
cent in J 9S5. 

The bad news was that 
China's trade deficit, which 
totalled S6.4 billion (£4.3 bil- 
lion) in the first half of 1986, 
was predicted by officials here 
to grow worse by the end of 
the year. Last year, China's 
trade deficit was more than 
$14 billion. 

Most worrying for Peking 
has been the fall 

in foreign 
investment. Last year, invest- 
ment commitments to China 
totalled S5.85 billion, of which 
Si billion was spent In the 
first six months of 1986 
commitments have totalled 
only $1.24 billion. 20 per cent 
lower than in the same period 
last year. 

Tomorrow: Political 

Many deals agreed, fewer started 

From 1979 to 1986 in China, 2,645 equity 
joint ventures have been branched, 4,075 
contractual joint ventures and 130 wholly- 
owned foreign subsidiaries, the Ministry of 
Foreign Economic Relations and Trade said. 

Only about a third of the equity joint 
ventures (where a joint company is formed) 
have began operations, but the Chinese Hahn 
that 90 percent are profitable. 

At the beginning of 1986 the level of foreign 
investment agreed to by overseas companies 
since 1979 was $16 billion (£1041 billion), but 
only $4.6 billion of this had actually been 

invested. According to Mr Lin Xiangdong, Che 
ministry's deputy director, foreign investment 
in the first half of 1986 was $1 24 billion, a 
fifth down on the same period last year. 

About 80 per cent of the investment so far 
has been from Hong Kong, and most has been 
in light industry, textiles and hotels. Little has 
yet gone into the high technology, energy and 
transport projects China needs. 

The largest single order obtained by Britain 
in China, valued at £250 million, was for part 
of the Daya Bay nuclear power station, 
awarded to die General Electric Company. 



We are rapidly expanding and need bright, efficient Secretaries to 
join our young company located in modern stylish offices near 
Gloucester Road tube. Must be able to deal with clients at all 
levels. Fast accurate typing and good organisational skills axe 
therefore essential. WP experience an advantage but win train. 

Director’s PA/Secretary £9,500 p.a. 

Account Directors Secretaries £8,400 p.a. 

Salaries will be paid also with 2 bonuses p-a. + BUPA 

Write with C.V. or telephone Jenny McGrory 
Cameron Choat & Partners 
Bury House, 126/128 Cromwell Road 
London SW7 4ET 
Tel: 01-373 4537 





A good appearance, an 
attractive voice and so- 
cial poise are wbat this 
famous City inmrmce 
company are looking 
far in tbtir Rcccpdoo- 
hl Just as tmporo un is 
accurate typing (WP 
training can be given) 
and the ability to cope 
well wnb lots of admin. 
Age mid- 20’s. 

of Bond St. 




You will need to have a 
lively, fun personality 
and be »ks oriented in 
order to suit this young, 
il yiMujf manages. You 
should have some 
sbonhand/audio and 
good typing drills while 
being trained in all as- 
pccu of residential 

property. Salary £7400 
- £9,000. Age 19-23. 

of Bond St. 



£9,000 Set 

The friendly people, de- 
ni coins 

lightfnl surroundings ft 
generous bonuses (can be 
£1000*) make -wring for 
dm Lloyds underwriters an 
attractive prospect, pan- 
iedariy as they are soon 
moving to nqmb offices in 
Plantation House. The 
diwum dcs fix advance- 
ment an good mo! How- 
evo^ jotiH need to be able 
m type ft look after a Moo- 
«n± swrttbbosrd. Age 23+. 

i of Bond St. 

AactiitmcM Consultants 

PA to 

Dus is a superb opportu- 
nity to work far a dunning 
director handling 
collectors’ items ranging 
bran doth TO vintage ass. 
You will need excellent 
secretarial skills, good 
praenaboo md telephone 
manner, together with 
organisat ional flair in order 
to run ibe office in the 
boo’s absence. Age 2S+. 

of Bond St. 

Rccwnnem Coresuttants 

What’s the difference between 
last year's temporaries and this? 

Mcmpowerx*as care toaslgn its 
lempaaams far the» sJofc. peraonafty. and 
iypetfvafc.Sowecoyaocoalngiy-- and 
end lean «ro stats. we iBCogrisothalr 
pnQmss. WMd this hoppans oh the time, 
wave just set out ou new pay structure 
Inempoiaang onovetege 7% (ncreow. 
rpokmamostatow people around -to* 
bettor an thonthhtimm tost yaat. 

About 10 % * 

ISoiry Met but mey are worth fl J 

But it ycutn just jcantng.danl worry about 
when me next rise win be Our free Training 
and skd-widentnocmignmens wil soon have 
you moving ip. If youte a temporary skx 
that's tx?w wen pay no) yet. welhnip 

ratio us about pay ... and aXffw 

a. wnwflBa 

Co* us now: 

©MANPOWER TeL225 0505 

Temporary Staff Specialists 

2A hour answering swwoe 




BfUant ynmg secretary 
urgently sought by a busy 
Director who neads 
o q« ri si ng. You Should ba 
confident to work on your 
own. have the ability to deal 
with numerous dims, ar- 
range travel / mooting 
schedules, and urn your 
actuate sMHa to their 
fuflest poMndsL 
Call Lin lOter 
M fll-240 5211 
Staffed* Rec Com 

T.V. CO 

Are looking tor enthusiastic, 
professional PA/Sec to 

work in chaBenjpng thriving 
salas dept. Must 


working in hectic environ- 
ment and have superb 
organisational and 
co HMU nlcs tf ve abMes. 

i them . 
Swab tartar 
M 01-602 3012 
Statfptan Rec Caw 

£9,000 + COMM 

Rare opportunity to escape 
the sec you have at 
least 2 years experience 
and are O/ A level educated, 
switched one raw technol- 
ogy. enjoy constant tato- 
llaison and problem- 
solving. then this Is tor you 

____ Clara 
01-602 3012 

SbBptai Rm Com 


Variety and a n*— an an 
oxtgiiJ part of tUa PA pen far 
tie amor dktaar of p na a nre l 
felon a put of the as tartauj. 
Skniaad sad (rear wtt lead lo 
a fofl eumhe PA faction. 

Call Lynn Lait 


TEL; 01-486 6951 




Help m the hunch and ad- 

mmisuatioc of an exsting 

pew fashion bouse. Market- 

os or retail experience 

bedps, a« doom 40 wpn tn>- 
Temftc career scope. 

Lynn Lait 

Staff Imodactkms 

TEL: 01-486 6851 

& ART 

Magnificent auiroundlufs 
amongst priceless works of 
art ■ the setting Cor yam 
PA rate to a Sms fm&n- 

^^&. Ptn0Otaty 
Coll Lynn Lait , 

TEL 01-486 6851 

' TO £9,000 


We have several secre- 
tarial vacancies, in- 
cluding an export ori- 
entated job far a young 
(22+) Mnjjual Secre- 
tary who is an excel- 
lent Engust ami a good 
organiser. Both English 
and Spanish shorthand 
will be used. Interest- 
ing field. Mayfair loca- 
tion, Circa £8,00(1 

_. 018363794 


Marvellous opportuntty 
(ot MeSgant sec (nib 
or S/H) to loin well 
frown trawl gwp anti 
assist w m martrt re- 
sewch. A seW-stetef with 
A' levels. W.P. or 
computer experience 




Director of veD known char- 
ily in Wl seeks a 
secretary with good speeds 
v/p to be his PA. 

*se 2 S*. 

sorting salary IIOlOOO. 

01 US 8345 
For an informal cho. 

An ideal Job if you would enjoy a busy, fast n 
rnq fashion environment, as secretary to 

ing fashion environment, as secretary to the 

Pubfidty Manager of this famous name fashion 
house. Lots to learn in order to handle queries 

from the public regarding their beautiful ctotries. 

You’ll need to be extremely wel organised in 
order to select merchandise and put together 
promotional areL publicity events. 90/50 
and WP experience needed. 

Elizabeth Hurt feauftment Consultants 

18 Gowenor Sheet London W10HM0 3533 


£10,000 - £13,000 


The M.O. of tins Trust co. 
>eoks an officiant but 
Inondty shorthand secretary, 
tots of mvofvemenl and 
scooe arranging M travel ai- 
rangamws. II you are 25 - 
« ana MOtong tor B PA 
position with a weil-csmD- 
isfied firm and good pores 
than mg Armens 

734 7823, 
Kingston} Pars Cons. 

£8,000 + PERKS 


son aged S -35 toi M 
tuegtaiem (noswtoiwfflnior 
(rung } tor a posogos co 

734 7823 

Kiqsiud Pen. Cub. 


Needed t>y small 

property CO- In 
Park Lar 


Salary £9,000 pa. 

01 408 2437 



The Art -ta ttoo Director 
of prestigious City firm 
6Mfcs a PA secretary to as- 
sist him with the -office 
management. You wta need 
to os able to wort vsiy much 
on your own tnitiBifve. cope 
m a ertss and nave a mature 
anti fleodUB —Hu— » year 



QrMt cheats, orgenae meet- 
ings etc in w^marhet City 
firm. Hours &&6.30 

236 1682 


required ■ tuty emerteneaq 
to trial balance. Sma* wefi 
established firm In West 

End. Happy enwonmam. 
Good s25ry and rt*aays 

honoured. For 


BB AUdnson on 
01-489 57B7 


Covmt Garden 
llfUNONc g 

This famous advertising, 
PR and marketing company 
with brandies throughout 
ibe country needs a fin* 
das PJl with relevant ex- 
perience. The people are 
extremely pleasant and in- 
fernal but you’ll need to be 
wdkBganned, a good ad- 
mininmor, capable of 
coping with a varied and 
hectic day including re- 
cruiting the junior 
secret ari es. Speeds of 80/65 
and WP experience needed 
(they will crou-train). 
Age 25+ 


csnajwe + m/g 

Are you young and 
energetic jrtii capable of 
hohXng down a senior Job?, 
it to. tots prestignus firm of 
Stockbrokers is looking tor 
a top sacretaiy to admnis- 
treto and organise their 
department deafaig wttb 
private dtonts- 
Worfctng alongside a 
charming man who heads 
up this targe department, 
heavy secretarial load, but 
wto require exceHai* 

secretarial stats and above 

al demand your good 
sense oltunouri 
Age 22-30 SMBS 100/60 

01-726 8491 


The Directors of a busy Consultancy Company in Wlare looki 

well educated with 

able to think and act on own initiative, 
ibis position would suit a College Leaver. Accurate shi 

lege Let 

Age 19-22. Salary according to experience. 

Telephone 727 6464 for appointment 

for a secretary 
and typing a must 

£ 11,000 


corporate finance 

You have good 
shorthand/WP + 
‘A’ levels for the 
Vice President of 
a City bank with 
plush spacious 
offices. Free 

Wes End 4397001 j JJ 

Secretaries Plus 


TO £8,000 

Wal educated, enthusiastic shorthand sac required 
for international magazine. Excellent skills 100/50 
and an inquiring mind needed to work In this cre- 
ative and sometimes hectic environment A superb 
opportunity to become totaSy involved In the pub- 
lishing world. CoAege leavers and first jobbers 
considered. Please contact Ruth Owen or Alison 
Jones on 839-4833. 

Alfred Marks Recr ui t me nt Consultants 
41 Pad Mad, London SW1 


1 01-3353515 1 

27 - 45 

A qood opoortufbty to mb*n 
rrrro the iniervieurthg ano 
Personnel halo, eat wg for a 
w 9# orgamsKl aU-rouMMr 
wtth a Dusreso-fike enthusi- 

asm for people, good 

starts and o 
auparp memory! 

£9.500 - £10,500. 
Central Lonoon. 
Raphes please 
to BOX A13. 


A was known Uoytia msur. 
ance Brokers requras a 
mature starts person aged 
30-55 to wstot Tha Financial 
Director and deaf wun AH as- 
pects Of personnel aomm. r.e 
fOCririong, sOfary rav>ews I 
weflare ett. Salary £12,000+ 
Pag plus Benefits. Tel Ar 
Watson on 01-625 
Monvront Personnel 




An excellent opportunity has arisen for an ex- 
perienced secretary, aged 21 +, to join the 
Financial Times. As confidential secretary to 
the Group Finance Director and the Company’s 
Legal Executive you wifi need good shorthand 
ard typing skills as well as word processing 
experience. ’O’ level standard of education, in- 
cluding English and Maths, is a minimum 

Benefits include 5 weeks holiday, season ticket 
loan scheme and subsidised restaurant Mease 
apply with full C.V. to: The Personnel Depart- 
ment The Financial Times. Bracken House. 10 
Cannon Street London EC4P 4BY. 


Seeks smart, lpirilipcm person 23* for reception and tight secre- 
tarial duties. Non-founw work. Knowledge of French an 
advantage. Stan October 
Wnie wnh details ttx 

Mrs. L. Neffe, 

JPL Fine Arts. 

24 Davies Street 
London W1Y 1LH. 


An you interested m PfL Pobtehng Real Estate, or Cortsmaunr We 
have a tinier al suetanal ononiMies m these frtds. The successful 
eoDhcante vnl be m ther earfjwwi 20's mft at toast 2 years work 
experience Satones £7.500 to ELSOO pj and benefits 
For father dead* ptosa call 
Thm Crater in 
01-330 5733 
CaitKam Staff Agency 



Full time secretary required 
tor praam. DracnOB of 
teaching hosptaf eve 
surgeon Salary c. £8.000 

Apply 01-935 9523 



2 brekors n*M PA mth 90/50 
+ wp for beautiful Crfr offices ■ 
ereefta* ww prospects 

01-370 3066 







Baby-boomers: first of a three-part series about the people raised on orange juice and flower power 

Peter Pan and the mid-life crisis 

Graham PMoot 

Children of the population boom after the 
Second World War grew up amid huge 
social changes. They have found it hard to 
shake off their teenage ideals and face 

up to middle age, as Steve Turner discovers 

W hen John Haney 
/37). Chris Honey 
(39) and Scon Ab- 
bott (40) set about 
creating a second set 
of question cards for Trivial Pur- 
suiL the enormously successful 
board game which they invented, 
they decided to make it for -people 
like" us”. And people like the three 
Canadians, it turned out. were -the 
baby-boom generation . . .people 
who grew- up with the Beatles and 

These were people who could tell 
you how many series of Monty 
Python were made, which British 
folk singer had a guitar labelled 
“This machine kills”, and Kookie 
Byrnes’s trademark act of vanity 
on 77 Sunset Strip* The Baby 
Boomer version of the game, 
launched in Britain last October, 
has since sold almost 170.000 
copies at about £20 a set. 

To be a baby-boomer is to belong 
to that generation bom when 
Johnny came marching home at 
the end of the Second World War. 
Four and a half million troops were 
demobilized, and between 1946 
and I q 52 more than five million 
children were bom in England and 
Wales, the birth rate reaching an 
unprecedented 20.5 per thousand 
of the population in 1947. falling 
slowly to a more comfortable 15.3 
in 1952. 

Right from the beginning, the 
baby-boom generation found itself 
on the cutting edge of social 
change. Its schooling was im- 
proved by the 1944 Education Acu 
the newly-created Welfare State 
made sure it grew strong on orange 
juice, cod liver oil and fresh milk, 
and the end of rationing in 1956 
meant that the new consumer 
society was ready and running for 
its teenage years. 

Professor Arthur Marwick, au- 
thor of British Society Since 1945 . 
observes; "Because there were 
more of them, they were more 
influential and they became a 
market worth aiming at. They were 
healthier and filter. They were 
sexier because with rising living 
standards, people become more 
sexually active. They were also 
more independent.’’ 

Their new economic power and 
better education enabled them to 
install their own heroes, to create 
their own culture and force social 
change. In a 1957 magazine article. 
Colin Maclnncs noted: “Today, 
youth has money and teenagers 
have become a power." and 
Marwick, professor of history at 
the Open University, confirms his 
prescience: "The underpinning of 
all social control is older people 
telling younger people what to do. 
By 1957 and 1958. young people 
were no longer prepared to be told 
what to do and to be sold their 
parents' fashions.” 

,4s is recognized by Trivial 
Pursuit a vital unifying factor for 
baby-boomers is that they all spent 
pan of their adolescence in the 
Sixties — when, besides being 
observers of the son of people 
David Bailey photographed, they 
themselves had a starring role. 
Their choices of skin length, 
trouser width, hairstyle and drug 
became front-page news. 

The old ideas of children being 
seen and not heard had gone 
forever. Hamblett and Deverson's 
Generation X. published in 1964. 
consisted of extracts from vox-pop 
interviews with people in their 
teens and early twenties. Three 
years later. World In Action sol- 
emnly filmed Mick Jogger of the 
Roiling Stones being quizzed by a 
bishop, a lord, a Jesuit priest and 
the editor of The Times . “When 
people are interested in you. it 
gives you a sense of power and a 
sense of independence". Marwick 

What. then, of the baby-boomers 
today, as the oldest of them pass 
the 40 mark? How is the generation 
which wanted to be forever young 
and forever free coping with mak- 
ing families and being middle- 
aged? The answer is "badly”, 
according to Anna Raeburn, the 
advice columnist and Renata 
Oiin.the London Marriage Guid- 
ance Council's director. 

Both say that what might be 
called the "lifestyle options” cre- 
ated in the Sixties have brought 
confusion to the Eighties. "As a 
society, wc pressed for the 
options". Olins says. "Now. having 
got all these choices, one would 
hope that people would be very 
much happier. But the evidence 
shows the opposite." 

Raeburn says of her own genera- 
tion: "Wc love having choices, but 
wc can't make decisions. We were 
the first generation prepared to 

fc We love having 
choices but can’t 
make decisions’ 

accept that we wouldn't be good at 
marriage.” Statistics confirm her 
pessimism: more than 600.000 
baby-boomers were divorced be- 
tween 1974 and 1984 in England 
and Wales. 

•The ansnvr\ to the questions are: 
I Tour (three were called Monty 
Python's Thing (inrush 2. Donovan-. 
J. f ie coinhed ho hair 

Most of those seeking help from 
the London Marriage Guidance 
Council are from the baby-boom 
generation, more than a third of 
them unmarried but living with a 
partner. Olins says a typical client 
is a woman approaching her mid- 
30s (and wanting a child) who is 
with a man who is shy oflong-term 
commitment. "They have a 
relationship that is neither ecstatic 
nor dreadful. They're struggling to 
come to a right decision.” 

For similar reasons. Raeburn 
believes her generation usually 

make lousy parents. "They don’t ■ 
like the responsibility. They don't 
want to be like their own parents. 
They renege on everything. The 
most I'd give them would be five 
out of 10." 

Pan of the problem seems to lie 
with the significance given to being 
young in the Sixties. Growing 
children and ageing partners can be 
a unwanted reminder of the pass- 
ing years. Baby-boomers often shed 
their families in a vain attempt to 
regain their youth. 

.An American psychologist Dr 
Dan Kiley. has named this the 
"Peter Pan Syndrome”; its victims 
are people who are adults by age 
but children by behaviour, marked 
by obsessive self-interest and a fear 
of growing up. Dr Kiley attributes 
the phenomenon to easier living, 
more permissive child-rearing and 
the recent change in male-female 

“The idea developed in the 
Sixties that youth was not some- 
thing to pass ihrough on the way to 
adulthood but something to stay 
in". Dr Kiley says. “Those who 
bought this view are now dem- 
onstrating the problems they're 
having by the divorce rate. They 
want to get new toys they don’t 
have to work at It's a form of 
consumerism, and you're gening 
an inercasingamouni of depression 
and alcoholism in this age group." 

The positive aspect of this rush 
back to youth is the new enthu- 

siasm for jogging, pumping iron, 
aerobics, squash, vitamin supple- 
ments and health food, all of it 
essentially created by baby- 
boomers. The average participant 
in the Mars London Marathon was 
bom in 1947. Rolling Stone , once 
the house journal of the baby 
boom, now advertises running 
shoes. Nautilus weight-lifting ma- 
chines and skin conditioning gel 
where it used to show drug 

The baby-boomer can never 
quite forget the horrifying prospect 
that middle age was made out to be 
during the years of his or her youth. 
Mick Jagger had called it a drag. 
Pete Townshend of The Who had 
hoped to die before he got there. A 
not untypical 1 9-year-o!d contrib- 
utor to Generation X said: “Old 
people are ridiculous, they're pho- 
ney. Everything they do is false.” 
Therefore the baby-boomer is 
determined to grow old in an 
entirely different way. 

Saaichi and Saatchi's John Perris 
says: "In this country the most 
significant factor about the baby- 
boomers has been their reluctance 
to give up their youthfulness. 
They've introduced diet conscious- 
ness and the whole 'looking good' 
thing. They've been responsible for 
making Joan Collins a sex symbol 
at 53. A 40-year-old today looks a 
lot better than a 40-year-okl of 20 
years ago.” 

So the baby-boomers have 

moved from Joan Baez to Joan 
•Collins, from the I Ching to Trivial 
Pursuit: they are more likely to 
want to work out than freak out As 
Perris notes, however, they have 
"carried their values through”. 
They are no longer conscious of 
being a generational swell surging 
through society, but as they take on 
' positions of power their influence 

There was nothing 
authoritative left - 
to latch on to’ 

is far greater than when they had 
only placards and rock music. 

Not every graduate of the. Sixties 
though, believes in the lasting 
benefits of an apparently golden 
age. Rosie Boycott, aged 35. who 
founded the feminist magazine 
Spare Rib. was one of the damaged. 

After leaving college in 1967 her 
life traced the arc of alternative 
culture from youthful hope to adult 
disillusion: anti-Vietnam war 
demos, rock at the Roundhouse, a 
pilgrimage to San Francisco, work 
for the underground press, mari- 
juana. LSD. heroin, increasingly 
casual sex. feminism, lesbianism, 
collectivism, meditation in Ban- 
galore with Sai Baba and in Bolder 
with Trungpa Rinpoche. jailed for 
drug smuggling in Malaya and 

eventual alcoholism by the age of 

"It was a very rudderless time”, 
she admits. "There was nothing 
authoritative left to latch on to. 
There were one hell of a lot of 
casualties and I think there are a lot 
who in a way haven’t recovered 
and who find themselves coming 
up to 40. having had an extended 
youth during which nothing much 
was achieved. 

*T think that being a baby- 
boomer means that ultimately you 
,are more dissatisfied. We were 
naive, we were irresponsible, but. it 
was meant from fife heart 
obviously, hasn't worked. As a 
consequence, things are never 
quite good enough for us. 

“What happens is that you are 
put back into a responsible life, a 
responsible role. Vou can't escape a 
lot of the things you thought you 
could escape and at the same time 
you actually haven't pul anything 
new into place. We are all still 
strapped- with bloody mortgages 
and worrying about the TV licence. 
We were offered a big carrot which 
we never quite caught hold of.” 

©Times Newspapers Ud, 1988 


Baby-boomers seemed 
set to change the world. 
Where did it go wrong? 

China remembers her martyrs 

breaks the communication barrier. . J 

T he grey walls lopped by 
barbed wire and 
thatched machine-gun 
towers are almost lost in the 
verdant undergrowth of the 
mountains near the Yangtze 
river city of Chongqing. They 
enclose a former Kuomimang 
(Chinese Nationalist) com- 
pound called Zhazhidong. 
which will not be found in any 
guidebooks, although it is now 
a museum. 

While Peking woos America and Taiwan, a 
concentration camp museum keeps alive the 
memories of a 1949 imperialist atrocity 

...without breaking the bank. 


At just £1.295 fora complete telex, the 3M Whisper Telex isn’t exactly expensive. 
It’s also virtually silent, compact and sits neatly on any desk. To get the facts 
about a telex at an almost unbelievable price, please phone 

® 0272 217300 


To- Business Communications Products. 3M United hinadom PLC. FREEPOST. 3M Hew 3 
PO Box No. 1. Bracknell. Berkshire RG121BR. Tel: (0342) 53865. 




‘ r r . MF 

Forty years • ago 
! Zhazhidong. pan of a sprawl- 
ing area known as the Si no- 
American Co-operation 
Centre, was notorious as 
a US-backed Kuomimang 
concentration camp that held 
300 communist prisoners. On 
the night of November 27. 
1949. just before communist 
forces gained control of 
Chongqing. Chiang Kai-shek's 
wartime stronghold. 
Kuomintang military secret 
service agents under the com- 
mand of General Dai Li put to 
death all of the camp's pris- 
oners (except 15 who escaped) 
and burned the compound to 
the ground. 

In the 1960s Zhazhidong 
and another Kuomimang 
camp nearby called 
Baigongguan were re- 
constructed and turned into 
museums exhibiting national- 
ist atrocities, attracting mil- 
lions of Chinese visitors. 
Today the carefully preserved 
camps underscore the 
government's dilemma. As 
Peking courts Taiwan in a 
propaganda campaign aimed 
at convincing the Republic of 
China to become part of 
mainland China, and woos US 
firms to invest more money in 
Chinese joint ventures, it 
continues to tell the Chinese 
masses that the nationalists 
arc monsters and that Ameri- 
cans are imperialists and 

Ironically, far from being a 
centre of leftism. Chongqing, 
the largest city in the Chinese 
leader Deng Xiaoping's hfync 

province of Szechwan, is a 
stronghold of Dengism. And 
the location of these so-called 
anti-Kuomintang and anti- 
imperialist museums there 
may mean that the Dengists 
are in two minds about how to 
present the west, and China's 
recent history, to her one 
billion people. 

The horror of Zhazhidong 
lingers in the narrow cells and 

Centre". Established only a 
few years ago. the exhibition 
was taken to Peking for a 
successful showing for several 
weeks in 1984. 

Chinese communists rather 
than Japanese invaders. Their 
dispatches, filled with doubts 
and warnings, were either 
overruled by President Frank- 
lin Roosevelt or intercepted 
directly by Kuomintang 

'■****:» ?**!* 

According to a Chinese 
pamphlet entitled "Brief in- 
troduction of the historical 
facts concerning the Sino- 
American Co-operation 
Organization concentration 
campu Chongqing". US and 
Kuomimang organizers set up 
22 special training centres 
throughout China where they 
armed and trained more than 
50.000 nationalist military 
spies and through which they 
provided more than 9.000 
ions of equipment to the 
nationalist military secret 
service. . . 

Ally: Chiaag Kai-shek 

so-called interrogation rooms 
where racks, spiked dubs, iron 
prods and chains were once 
used on inmates. 

Photographs of the camp's 
communist martyrs now 
adorn its interior. Youthful 
idealistic and intellectual faces 
stare out from the glassed 
picture frames. Men and 
women prisoners were seg- 
regated. though at 
Baigongguan members of at 
least one family were incar- 
cerated together. Two walls of 
an exercise yard at 
Zhazhidong cany nationalist 
slogans like "Confess, your 
youth passes very quickly". 

Down • the road from 
Zhazhidong stands the "ex- 
hibition hall of the crimes 
committed by the. Sino-. 
American Co-operation 

The pamphlet lists the US 
field officer in charge of the 
centre — in effect General Dai 
Li's deputy director — as 
M.E Miles. Milton "Mary” 
Miles (1900-1 961). a Chinese- 
speaking graduate of the US 
Naval Academy and later an 
admiral in the US Navy, had 
visited China in the 1920s and 
1930s before being sent by the 
Navy in the early 1 940s to run 
coven operations against the 
Japanese along China's east 

O n the other side of the 
mountains from 
Zhazhidong. Miles's 
rambling. 15-room house still 
stands, high on a hill near 
several Kuomintang villas, 
commanding a sweeping view 
of the railroad tracks that once 
brought prisoners to the 

This summer the house is 
being renovated by Chinese 
labourers. The workers say 
that they do not really know 
who Miles was. or why the 
house is so special, although 
they know how to pronounce 
his name. They have been told 
only that the house they arc 
repairing will be reopened 
later this year as a museum. 

Robert Grieves 

©Ttom Newspapers Ud, UK 

Bull and 

There is stamina as 
well as precision 
and presentation to 
Prince Philip’s 
favourite pastime 

If the Queen's Cleveland 
Bays, when they stir in their 
stables' on Wednesday morn- 
ing. are expecting no more 
than another gentle bridal 
trot to the Abbey, they . are in 
for a shock. 

Along with 200 of the finest 
carriage-horses in the world, 
they will be heading for .Ascot 
for the World Team Driving 
Championships. If they win, 
either as an individual team 
or as part of the official 
British entry, it will be a just 
reward for their driver. Prince 
Philip, because it was be who 
virtually invented the sport as 
it is organized today: an 
unlikely blend of boll and 

' The bnD is in the presenta- 
tion section, where drivers are 
judged on the appearance of 
their four horses, carriages 
and harnesses. Presentation 
judges make sergeant majors 
look like social workers: they 
even count the buttons on 
grooms' tail-coats. 

The bravado comes on 
Marathon Day (Saturday) 
when die same horses and 
drivers are tested to their 
limits over a 25-mile, cross- 
country coarse containing ob- 
stacles and awkward terrain. 
To be wrongly positioned by a 
coaple of inches can some- 
times prevent a team from 
clearing an obstacle. It is like 
squeezing four camels (and a 
carriage) through the eyes of 
a row of needles. 

Driving also -attracts an 
nnnsual blend of people. 
When the members of the 
British team are announced 
tomorrow morning the Duke 
of Edinburgh may find him- 

Princc Philip: Help from 
Concorde's designers 

self displaced by either a 
plant-hire contractor from 
Dorking. Alwyn Holder, or a 
scrap dealer from- Cambria, 
George Bowman. It takes 
£30,000 a year to keep a team 
competitive; sponsors provide 
much of that. 

It is no sport for the weak. 
There is the physical stress, 
the sheer pull on the reins and 

the swiftness with which the 

fingers most move to accom- 
plish the most basic of 
manoeuvres (seven finger and 
wrist movements for a left- 

hand turn). But it Is the mind 
which tires before the limbs 
and the winning driver next 
weekend will be the one who 
can still think faster than his 
horses when they cross, the 
finishing line. 

The strength of partner- 
ship between horse and driver 
cannot be appreciated until it 
fails. I was riding as groom in 
a driving championship a' few 
years ago when one of oar 
horses took fright at the 
unexpected depth of the wa- 
ter-hazard and brought the 
team to a tumbling halt 
Horses Tell and kicked out as 
they desperately struggled to 
keep their heads above the 
water. We bad to cut the 
ani m als from the harness. 

Accidents will happen in 
competition as intense as this. 
Drivers are being pushed to 
the limit and even Prince 
Philip is said to have con- 
sulted the Concorde- design 
team about the ideal weight 
distribution for carriages. 

Paul Heiney 

©times Newspapers LM. 1 SB 6 


I t was Miles who pushed 
hardest for US co-opera- 
tion with the. nationalist - 
military secret service in 
Chongqing. In 1942 Chiang 
Kai-shek directed Dai Li to 
contact Miles about the- 
possibility of US advisers 
training nationalist agents to 
fight against the Japanese. Just 
a few months later, in July 
1943. the centre was formally 
established. But most US 
officials quickly became dis- 
enchanted with the way, 
Kuomintang spies pursued^ 


I Acute stomach pam 
(5) ‘ 

4 DouHe-crosser (7) ■ 

8 Replete (5) 

9 Ward (7) 

10 Wolfram (K) 

II l Inacccpiablc behav- 
iour (.All 

13 Ham pigmeni(ll) 

17 Flower spra\ f4) 

18 Swamp ( X) 

21 Andean Indians (7) 

22 written defamation 

23 Blissful (7) 

24 Curse (5) 


1 TalkomciA) 

2 Boxime informed (51 

3 Slicking ingeihcr (8) 

4 Cape Town trill (5.8) 

5 Timber dressing tool 

6 Tumuli (7) 

7 Thracian Trajan alls 

12 Herpes Zoster (8) 

14 Log wear 17) 

15 Dense (6) ; 

16 Wine More {6) 

19 M rull 

20 Siamese (4) 





-ire is 

''•Ok Vs '- 

®°Ut u; 



•ill and 



V,v st »?ft|na as 
1 Os precision 
wsenuaion u> 
mcc i’i\i!ip\ " 

>unic pasnnic 

I In.'Uj 


, , .‘H II*. 

« ' ''nil 

"ihU 1 r j„. I> tl „„ 

*»'h.pv II Hu , 

* *n individual Uj,,! 

«I Ih.. ..Biriil 
, B, i'- »* “*M Ik- a ju«| 
m Hu it driver. I» tm , v 
Hrauw it hr Hho 
luvcntn] the spurt as 

Wrod o( h a u atul 

»W h in l hr pri sm ta- 
wn. *hrrt> driven. Jrt . 

* the appraramv «>1 
W wwvi, carriage.. 
W\wp*». Prrsmtat(i«n 
ulw scrflmnt majws 

hwlm: ilu i 
HH ihf buttons nn 

toa*«ia romo un 
■ buy tSatnrriuv ) 
f MW Iwusfs and 
ttt folod fn (heir 

« a 2* mite. vn»ss. 
mmt containing <it»- 
*4 awkward trrtam 

pwsrtmncd hv a 
T tarfcn ran sentir- 
v*rt a leant Irntit 
A afcitai'Hr. It is Irkr 

1 tear uahK 4 
tltfnfk the e»vs «f 


t aim a(Ua«is an 
W*Hd of fK'uplr 
r m^Mihrrs P { n u 
f ** a nr aniummct 
Mtllllg (hr Ptk. 
■Vtl may find ha:: 


uii| frt rahri * 

|Nmu HflU'f. a» J 
ir» Nm l «mb»ia 
«*ntiA l» tat.-* 
.mi t* krrfl ■ 

r, upwt wn P#.i*k!i 


|MP « M fb* weak 

w JthlVfa - *' »»»«**• 

ttf wa ilw * i wis ar:*f 
H With ■ fell It 
if nfcnH 1 «*• 4- 1 an: 

*MVl lw:n 

Ini a .1 ■' 

Hat it it iht «!ii ‘I 
fh-furr iht 
««ll*|£ nrx: 

It hr »•» ‘ w **•«• 

Hh Favtrt » Fiaii ?>:* 

« tb*-“» i« ! « - n 

«gth wf P« l,11rr 
• Imitm a*ddr»‘= * 
fptn i*(rd wn'd d 

impoMnbiP • * rrt 

*h*u «ir «* ** ,! 

. JHftM •* li * 
bfrt a# lb» *•* * 

irtd fcfMNlbi 'hi 
(ttfnbbUS ba' ; 

** W cm* a ' 

.irf* at»«lii; , “ ? fp 
in.aif« *^ J1 c ‘ :r 

i iht bim** 

«t|t fa#rw M ;n 

rt V. : T,i ‘ 

b, (|«« ”• 

«di Of* I’uHti 
„| fr ■' ,n 


■K «»F«l fifth* 1 ' 

St iprtns 1 ' 

so i or 

rfy ; • 

Mictaal Bnman 


Karieen Koen, a former journalist, has 
become a millionaircss from the 
advance rights on her first book, a 
novel set in the 18tb Century and 
published today. PauI Vallely met her 
in her native Texas. Now read on 

Having written a best-seller 
which hardly-anyone has read, 
the author finds herself in a 
curious limbo. And it was a 
difficult book to write in the 
first place, considering that 
she lives' in Texas and decided 
to set her story in I8tb century 
England and France. . . 

But Karieen Keen is not 
easily daunted and is certainly 
not cowed by the voices raised 
in criticism of tbe advance she 
has been paid for her historical 
romance, Through A Gloss 
Darkly, which, at $350,000 
(about £238,000) is believed to 
be the highest amount ever 
paid for a first noveL 

Together with large pay- 
ments for paperback rights, 

‘It was my 
husband who 
saw me 

world rights, serialization 
rights, book dub rights and 
sundry other rights, the ad- 
vance has turned the un- 
known author into a 
millionairess before a single 
copy of the book (published 
today) has been sold And that 
is before film lights; which 
could be considerable 

Her publishers are talking 
about it as another Gone Wah 
The Wind, which was an epic 
in the financial -as wdl as tbe 
literary and cmerqalic sense. 
Koems delighted.* '. ' * 

“I don’t mind bong' a 
.blockbuster**, she says in sar- 
donic, rather elegant Southern 
tones which suggest that the 
reality of it will never quite 
filter through to her unassum- 
ing single-storey home in a 
wealthy Houston suburb. 
“I've put the money in the 
bank, though, and not touched 

it is easy to bdieve that 
new-found wealth will change 
her life but little Life is 
comfortable already. Ail 
around her arc the luxuries 
which flow from the “mid six- 
figure income" produced by 
her husband's shrewd han- 
dling of bis oil and construc- 
tion investments. 

“It's an incredible boost to 
the ego. But it win set me up 
for a Tittle mud, too. Certainly 
Pm aggrieved at those people 
who have categorized and 
condemned the book without 
even having read ft”. 

The criticism, has come 
from those quarters of tbe 
literary establishment which 
detect a reductive influence at 
work in the' selection and 
markcu'ng of Through A Glass 
Darkly. To them the book is 
the epitome of a new style of 
novel increasingly in derhand 
among publishers who can do 
longer afford to bet .on the 
long-odds outsiders, once an 
integral pari of the ski!) of 
publishing. A book, in short, 
whose main quality is that h 
can be marketed with- tbe 
high-cost hype prevalent in 
'television and films. 

“That annoys me”. Koen 
says. “People who say such 
things have a tendency to 
downplay the intelligence of 
the average reader.. The public 
won't, buy a book or see a 
movie just because it’s pro- 
moted by a two miUion .dollar 
advertising budget It has to be 
good, too. With established 
authors people know what 
they are getting before they lay 
out their money. 

“There are a lot of other 
factors. Publishers are not 
philanthropists. To be able to 
produce works of literature 
they have to have somebody 
bringing in the money. That 
doesn’t seem dishonourable to 

*Tm not a genius but on the 
other band I was not writing 
just to make money. 1 tried to 
create a story that people 
could dive into, lose them- 
selves. and at the end say *Oh, 

I did enjoy that*.” 

Koen, leveiMAaded as she 
is, was dearly hot prepared for 
the maelstrom into which her 
book has pitched her. She 
began to wnte ft five years ago 
when her son was 18 months 
old and her daughter was - 
seven. Until then she had been 
editor of one of Houston's 
glassy magazines. Home and 

“I had done the whole 
Superwoman thing, even hav- 
ing my son brought to the 
office so that I could breast- 
feed him between conferences. 

I just derided ft was too much 

Texas cfaainstore massacre; Karieen Koen has enough faith in herself and her blockbuster to counter her critics 

and gave up work. Writing a 
book was my husband’s idea— 
it seemed like something I- 
could combine easily with 
looking after die children.” 

Without considering any 
other genre she began an 
historical novel set in the 18th 
century ^ — the staple diet ofher 
reading as a child in Pasadena, 
“ft was a duD old chemical 
town. You needed to escape. 1 
read the Poldaric books by 
Winston Graham. Daphne du 
Maurier was another of my 
favourites. Ever since my 
college days 1 had had a 
fascination with the 18th cen- 
tury. I didn't need to think 
about what I was going to 

The plot is described on the 
back of the book as “the 
grandest love story ever told.” 
For Roger Monigeoffiy. the 
handsome and talented Earl of 
Devane “it was simply a.-, 
marriage of convenience. How 
could he know, as be weighed 
the obstacles to the match 
against her binh and fortune, 
that his chosen bride. Barbara 
Alderley. bewitching grand- 
daughter of his friend and 
hero, the great -Duke of 
Tamworth - had loved him 
fiercely since childhood? 

“But as Barbara comes to 
the very brink of her- heart’s 
desire a devastating secret 
from his past shatters her trust 
to fragmriits. from the mel- 
low fragrance of rural England 
to the opulent stew, of deprav- 
ity that is the French court, the 
18ih century fives in its pages, 
lit up by a love of shattering 

Karieen Koen’s journalistic 

background fostered in her a 
need for accuracy in even the 
smallest detail. She began to 
spend days at Rice University 
anearthing volumes which 
bad not been opened in some 
cases for decades. 

• ‘I read cookery books of the 
time,, books on etiquette and 
manners, on folldore and 
superstitions, as well as a lot of 
standard history and 

By tbe time the book was 
published sbe had read more 
than 300 works of reference 
and had established an exten- 
sive card index on the period. 
Her concern for detail became 
obsessive, even to the point of 

‘I tried to 
create a story 
people could 
dive into’ 

consulting contemporary al- 
manacs for the time the rim 
had risen on a particular day 
in 1721. It gave precision to a 
dawn love scene. 

Her assiduousness was re- 
warded. When the Finnish 
publishers submitted her 
manuscript to an historian of 
the period he could not find a 
angle error of fact. Rosemary 
Sutcliff doyenne of historical 
novelists, described the book 
as “an incredibly potent 
evocation of the 18th 

If the research brought plea- 
sure to Karieen Koen, the 

writing did not “It was totally 
different from the sort of thing 
I’d been doing as a journalist. 
Mood, dialogue, tempo, struc- 
ture — all were different. My 
ability as an editor made me 
painfully aware of just how 
bad my writing was. ft was 

Two novels withered in the 
early stages. The third went 
through three complete drafts 
before she submitted it to an 
agent whose name she'd found 
in a reference book. 

“Constantly I wanted to 
give up. I knew it wasn't right. 
I would go into screaming 
depressions. It was my hus- 
band who saw me through. 
Each time, be sai± if you 
know it's not right you can fix 
it - it's only when you don’t 
know that there’s nothing 
more you can do’. 

“As I was into the third 
draff he asked me if I thought 
it would help if I went to 
Europe to look at some of the 
places i was writing about I 
said yes. though I probably 
would have said that even ifi 
didn’t think so”. 

After an eight-day, break- 
neck tour of London and 
Paris, in which she saw St 
Paul's Cathedral, Westminster 
Abbey, Ham House, Chiswick 
House and Versailles, the 
third draft finally began to 
take on the feel she wanted. 

If the finished product still 
wears its research a little 
ostentatiously on its sleeve. 
Koen feels it to be immeasur- 
ably better than the early work 
— “I fell I had done my best I 
could have given more only by 

Learning from the language of children 

There is an ordered development even in baby talk. A new 
book will help parents to appreciate the subtle changes 

Sumsh Koradra 

T he wonderful world of 
children's language is a 
source of endless fas- 
cination to parents and doting 
relatives. It has also cap- 
tivated Professor David Crys- 
tal. whose new book is a guide 
to help parents understand a 
child's seemingly jumbled 
grammar. When Crystal 
founded the Journal of Child 
Language in. 1975. he had a 
surprised letter saying. “This 
is hardly a complicated mat- 
ter. Surely ail that children do 
is imitate their parents- Why is 
that so surprising?” The view 
was widespread. 

A good deal of research has 
been done since and broad 
philosophical questions about 

the roots of language itself 
have been raised by thinkers 
such as Noam Chomsky. 
Crystal says. “The debate on 
whether language-learning is 
an innate or a deductive skill 
keeps scholars happy for ages. 
But so far. the research isn’t 
reaching the people who might 
enjoy it most — the parents.” 

Because the parents of ba- 
bies and young children are. 
almost by definition, people 
who are too busy to plough 
through Chomsky and learned 
journals. Crystal set out to 
build his bridge; a simple and 
readable account of precisely 
what we know about the 
process. • 

There is far more to it than 

The cold facts 

bout oairi rene 


Back strain, a touch of stifhess, a 
puBed muscle or the effect d lumbago 
or sciatica can all be unpleasantly 

PB Spray is the really quick and 
effective way to relieve that pain. 

Unlike most other pain relief sprays, 
PB Spray is cold. It is the spray used by 
professional trainers attending injuries. 

PR Sprajt which is odourless, rapidly 
lowers die temperature of the skin over 
the painful area, and so freezes pain 
out- quickly and effectively 


word-by-word imitation. Ev- 
ery parent realizes this when a 
child begins to extrapolate 
from one observed rule into 
other situations: for example, 
to say “mouses'* when nobody . 
has ever Used such a plural; or 
like my son at 18 months, to 
form present participles out of 
new words, when a gusty day 
produced the word “wind- 

Children dissect language 
with great efficiency, and the 
best way to observe how they 
do if is to listen to their 
mistakes. A new talker may 
remove the indefinite article 
even from places where it 
should slay n warn my 

nother teddy”): but the very 
mistake is proof that he or she 
has taken in the exact function 
of that indefinite article. 

to fact my son's “wind-ing” 
turns out to be not precocious 
but entirely typical: one of the 
newer pieces of research in the 
book derails the usual order in 
which children team different 
word-endings. Rest there is - 
ing. then the preposition in. 
then on. then the -s plural 
then the irregular past tense 
forms like went, and so on. 

. • Crystal says there is remark- 
able consistency in the order 
of learning. So is there some- 
thing about a continuing 
present tense which makes ir 
particularly important to 
mental development and why 
should in be more important 
than <w? 

The science is at a very 
elementary stage. Wc have 
worked on English, but wc 
would need international, 
comparisons before we could 
say that there is some inherent 
significance ih the order in 
which different -endings and 
tenses arc learned. If it docs 
turn Out that they -correspond 
in all languages, there will be a 

Grammar schooling: Professor Crystal and his son Ben 

psychological reason”. Crystal 

Parcntsare familiar with the- 
proccss which goes from vocal 
play (coo. goo. and “rasp- 
berries”). through re- 
duplicated babbling (gagaga- 
gagaga). to sing-song scribble 
talk, to the “proto-word” a 
child invents to mean any- 
thing ft wants (Everything was 
a “Duck-a” to my daughter for 
weeks, including the duck). 

B ut there arc oddities. 
Babbling, for instance, 
is not something which 
“shades into speech”, as used 
to be thought: deaf children 
babble, Down's children bab- 
ble. plenty of children go on 
doing it after they can speak. 

In contrast to the puritani- 
cal 1960s trend which con- 
demned baby-talk. Crystal 
approves of “parcnicse”. the 

simplified language which 
parents instinctively use to 
their children. It is a very 
important form of speech 
which bridges the gap between 
them. Why is it that most 
children learn “no” before 
“yes?” What is this obsession 
with “gone" and “all-gone" 
which develops during the 
second year, and does “all- 
gone” represent an early ab- 
stract idea? Is reduplication 
(duck-duck) a useful way to 
speeding up the learning of 
pronouneiation? As yet no- 
body knows for sure. 

Docs it matter if parents 
adopt children's wrong words? 
In our household, we still talk 
about mix-memers (cement 
mixers;, the car's gazhurst 
pipe, and the filifecatcr (filter) 
under its bonnet. Crystal says 
it doesn't “These created 
words are a tiny fraction of the 

20.000 or 30.000 words which 
children use every day.” 

In fact he is against any 
parental bossiness. If a child 
says. “1 biied my sausage”, the 
trick is to say. “Yes. I bit mine, 
too.” Cues, not reproaches, 

The book, and the babble of 
my own household, confirmed 
above all what a miraculous 
capacity little children have 
for getting grammatical 
constructions right and how 
keen they are to learn them. 

M v daughter, at two. 
seldom answers yes: 
she prefers the game 
of picking out the verb in the 
question and repeating it; 
“Would you like a drink?" 
gets “I would": “Shall we go 
out" — "We shall”; “Did you 
go to Granny's?” — “I did”. 
Just as children like engines 
and warn to know how they' 
go. ihcy clearly like language: 
why not reach them how it 

Crystal is optimistic. 
“There was a reaction against 
grammar in the 1950s and 
1960s. and schools chucked it 
out People have now realized 
that there was a lot of waffle in 
the creative' approach, and I 
think that schools are trying to 
bring grammar alive now with 
colour and cartoons. It is 
coming back in a less dreary 

Crystal recommends keep- 
ing a'tapcd and written record 
of a child's progress “like a 
photograph album”. He adds. 
“Everyone is thrilled at a 
child's first word, but it's no 
less fascinating to hear the first 
intonation pattern, the first 
two-word sentence, the first 
use of pronouns. The more we 
know about the derails of 
language development, the 
more there is to delight in.” 

Libby Pnrves 

'Listen To Your Child hr David 
C rysiai iPvuemn U. 95). 

@ilnn Ntwsfwpof* Ltd, 1B8B 

Bouncer, banker 
or best woman? 

cutting my wrists and pouring 
blood on to the page.” 

She never doubted that it 
would be published. “I am a 
good editor. I knew it was a 
good read. But I never thought I 
it would rake offlike this. Now 
all I have to do is wait to see if 
it is the success everyone is 
hoping it will be”. 

Her husband. Edward, re- 
gards that as a foregone 
conclusion — a simple return 
on an investment. “When she 
stopped work sbe was earning 
$37,000 a year. In five years 
she would have made 
$200,000 anyway. She's just 
getting what she deserves”. 

Karieen Koen smiles at the 
notion. However well the 
book sells, the advances alone 
will ensure that she now has 
the freedom to cany on writ- 
ing as she wishes. Her heroine 
is being transported for the 
sequel to a New World planta- 
tion in Virginia. After that she 
has already planned a 
“prequel” which will tell the 
story of her heroine’s aris- 
tocratic grandmother. 

“I hope ! can tell some good 
stories. That’s an honourable 
intention. In the coming 
weeks there will be a lot of 
razzamataz. There wifi be a lot 
of nonsense talked about how 
brilliant it is and a lot of mean- 
spirited criticism. I will try to 
keep a sense of perspective. 
I've worked hard on iL I'm 
proud of iL But in the end it’s 
only a book.” 

Through A Glass Darkly is 
published by Macdonald oi 

During the space of a single 
week. I learm that a woman 
receptionist at the Park Lane 
night dub in Covenny had 
won a £750 settlement for 
being sacked because “as a 
woman she would not be able 
to deal with the increase in 
violent customers”; that male 
exeentives are buying a key- 
board game called Master- 
Type so that they can handle 
their computers as deftly as a 
woman can; and that a 
bridegroom's sister was al- 
lowed to be his best man but 
was barred from his stag 
party in case blue jokes 
thickened the air. 

There seems to be a bit of 
role confusion around here. 

Mrs Claire Catmur, who 
wanted to stay at the Park 
Lane night dub and deal with 
difficult customers through 
sweet reason rather than 
chucking them ont of the door 
was unlucky to be given tbe 
heave-bo is now 
generally thought that women 
should be allowed lo be 
lumberjacks and bouncers 
and firefighters — or bodies 
like tbe Equal Opportunities 
Commission will want to 
know the reason why. 

Employers are increasingly 
happy with this arrangement 
because history has shown 
that women work out cheaper. 
When did you last meet a rich 

All those executives des- 
perately playing typing 
games so that they can shape 
the corporate world from 
their terminal had better 
learn keyboard skills fast 
before women start muscling 
in. Once this happens man- 
agers may see their jobs go 
the same way as bank clerks* 
and teachers'. 

An American study by the 
National Academy of Sci- 
ences discovered that when 
women entered a professional 
Geld, earnings tended to drop 
not only for the women them- 
selves but also for their male 

No wonder the Wall Street 
Journal reported that “men at 
the top feel uncomfortable 
with women beside them”. 
Their discomfort coold be 
because they caa see the end 
of the days of wine and roses 
and Gucci briefcases as soon 
as a woman merchant banker 
becomes as common a sight 
as a female telephonist. 

It is strange that this has 
come about since men's sal- 
aries are based on “the family 
wage” and presumably their 
families don't disappear just 
because Daddy's company 
has started to recruit 

->>■ , 
:* TrrrT | 



Mummies, in these di- 
vorce-prone days, may even 
have to raise their children all 
by themselves. 

Yet the fact that working 
women have “commitments” 
seems to have become the love 
that dare not speak its name. 
Studies of women in manage- 
ment by Ailecn Jacobson and 
Patricia McBmom found that 
married women with career 
ambitions had to be careful 
not to refer to husbands, 
children or home while at 

How unfair since working 
men ore allowed to keep 
simpering studio photographs 
of the wife and kiddies on 
their desk and bore for En- 
gland on the subject of tbe 
baby's teething troubles. 

Perhaps there Is a world- 
wide conspiracy on the part of 
the employers which insists 
that all career women behave 
as if they were single. They 
can then be paid a “spinster's 
wage" which will also be 
offered to male employees so 
that nobody can .complain 
about unequal pay. 

Clearly, working practices 
leave something to be desired. 
But ft is no use anyone 
thinking that they can call it a 
day, slink off to be a full-time 
homemaker again and find 
true happiness. Most of the 
opposition to ERA (the Equal 
Rights Amendment) came not 
from men fearing for their 
jobs but from housewives 
fearing for their social 

They felt that things had 
come to an unhappy pass 
when they had to admit, 
shamefacedly, to other 
women, that they were “only a 

Perhaps they would feel 
better about it if they could 
add that they put in the odd 
stint as best man. 

W e welcome complaints from the 
public about advertisements in 
the press, on posters and in the cinema. 
It helps us keep advertising standards 
high. But we also monitor a considerable 
amount of advertising, and take the 
necessary action ourselves. 

If you'd like to know more about our 
work, and receive a copy of the ruies, 
please write. 

The Advertising Standards Authority, / 
WeYe here to put it rightly 

ASA Lid.. Depi A. Brook House. Tornn£ion Place. London VV C IE 7HN 





The Liberals have rumbled a 
dastardly Conservative Central 
Office plot to expose policy dif- 
ferences between Alliance can 
didaics. They have been warned 
that Smith Square has sent local 
Conservative associations a list of 
searching questions on Alliance 
policy to pul to Liberal and SDP 
candidates and representatives. 
The issues range from the succes- 
sor to Polaris and the future of 
independent schools, to private 
health cam and coalition with a 
minority Labour government. 
The replies arc then to be sent to 
Central Office Tor comparison 
against one another and the public 
line of the panics. To save Central 
OITicc-thc boredom of reading 600 
identical replies forwarded by 
their local sleuths i suggest they 
write to Peter Knowlson direct As 
Liberal research director he has 
furnished candidates with a com- 
plete set of standard answers to 
each question. 

Out of order 

Environment minister Lord Elton 
must sometimes wonder if the 
rewards of high office compensate 
for its duties. Last week civil 
servants arranged for Layang- 
Layang. a two-year-old Asian 
elephant to greet him when he 
visited London Zoo to sign a 
preservation order on a 1922 red 
telephone box next to the panot 
house. After posing for the usual 
Minister Makes Trunk Call photo- 
graphs. Elton entered the kiosk 
and lifted the receiver to his ear. 
At this point he heard the familiar 
British Telecom sound: nothing. 
As the parrots cawed mockingly, 
he feverishly pretended to make a 
call from the out-of-order box. 
failing to notice that Layang- 
Layang had gnawed through his 
jacket pocket. 

Oxford bagged 

The once hallowed Oxford Union, 
nursery of statesmen, has plunged 
into the 20th century with a 
vengeance. It has signed a lu- 
crative deal with an American 
public relations firm. National 
Media Incorporated, to televize 
up to eight union debates this 
coming academic year. The con- 
tract may help remedy the union's 
financial difficulties, but it won't 
do its reputation for political 
impartiality much good. For NMi 
is a sister company of another 
Washington firm: Black. 
Manafort. Stone & Atwater - the 
Republican party's political 
consultants. Must freshers suffer a 
string of 1988 Republican 
presidential hopefuls command- 
ing the dispatch box next term? 
Union president Angus 
McCullough insists that the choice 
of motions and speakers will 
remain with him. 


'Funny thing. No sooner do you fill 
in one application to join the 
Oxford Tory party, than you 
want to fill in another' 

Peace lesson 

The government is sending a love- 
thy-neighbour lesson, first issued 
to schools throughout unified 
Ireland in 1835. to every school in 
Ulster next term. Dr Brian 
Mawhinney, the NIO education 
minister, thinks the “General 
Lesson" — once a compulsory 
part of the syllabus and hung in 
every - classroom — is still rele- 
vant. It reads, in part: “Many men 
hold erroneous doctrines but we 
ought not to hate or persecute 
them. We ought to hold fast to 
what we are convinced is the truth 
but not to treat harshly those who 
are in error. Jesus Christ did not 
intend to be forced on men by 
violent means . . 


The Merseyside Euro-MP Les 
Huckficld is reported U) be 
Militant's choice to replace Robert 
Kilrov-Silk in Knowsley North. 
Can the Tendency be aware of an 
allegation in a new boot The 
March of Militant, to be published 
next month? Author Michael 
Crick daims that in his youth 
Huckficld campaigned 
Trotskyists in the West Midlands 

Labour Party Young Socialists. He 

adds that in 1978 . as a junior 
minister. Huckfield went to see 
John Golding at the Department 
of Employment .with a list o[ 
people whom he believed to 
Militant full-timers and suggested 
that Golding "might like rwi 
ligate” whether any 
also daiming stale benefits. 

Crick made the charge in his fu* 
Militant book two 
Huckfield was so incensed by,me 
implication that his fogj** , 
changed according » «"*gS 
convenience that he siarieda ™ei 
action. Crick, however. ■ producea 
a statement from Golding ® 
siamiating his arcount^and me 
action «S> dropped. Hitekfeld 

now refuses to comment 

For those of us who love the 
Church of England, these are sad 
and confusing times. In a world 
threatened by the danger of a 
nuclear holocaust already en- 
gulfed in mass starvation in the 
developing world and mass un- 
employment in the developed 
world: in a world with the tragedy 
ofSouth Africa and at home rising 
drug addiction, marriage break- 
down. inner-rily riots and at the 
same lime an explosion in the 
membership of fringe and some- 
times suspect religions, the 
Church of England's response is a 
threatened split over ihe ordina- 
tion of women. 

Most Christian laymen cannot 
understand why. if women can be 
monarchs. prime ministers, 
judges, surgeons, scientists, they 
must be prevented from celebrat- 
ing Holy Communion and mar- 
riages. It is little wonder that, to 
many, the church is seen as an 
irrelevant religious club and no 
more than a sideshow that can put 
on a colourful performance at 
national tribal rites like royal 
weddings. Only the amazing ex- 
ploits of Terry Waite, the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury's foreign 
affairs adviser, seem to pul the 
church in a good public lighL 

Of course there is outstanding 
and faithful work being done by 
priests and laity here and there, 
often in very difficult circum- 
stances. although some are left in 
their posts too long by an appar- 
ently uncaring church. But as two 
recent reports - Faith in the City, 
and Rural Anglicanism —show, 
good work is the exception rather 
than the rule. For me. the Faith in 
the City report, calling upon the 
church to switch resources to 
inner-city areas, is particularly 

Twenty-five years ago. when I 
was rector of the South London 
riverside parish of Woolwich and 
dean of Greenwich, my staff and 1 

Time for the 
church to 
adapt or die 

by the Rev Nicholas Stacey 

actually did the very things which 
arc now being recommended by 
the report, creating strong, well 
Stalled, multi-purpose ecumenical 
church centres which reach out 
and serve the local community. 
Bui we were criticized and con- 
demned for our radical approach. 
In the intervening years the 
church has not just retreated from, 
the inner city: It has stampeded 
from it. so that today there are less 
than half the clergy working in the 
deanery of Greenwich than there 
in my day. 

Today we have, on the one 
hand, a suffocatingly complacent 
ecclesiastical parliament, a church 
near dead in the inner city, a fast- 
dying church in the country areas 
but still struggling on in suburbia; 
a church that gives the impression 
it does not know what it believes. 
But on the other band we also 
have a church which still generates 
much goodwill - a recent par- 
liamentary rowing regatta on the 
Thames raised £50.000 for Si 
Margaret's Church. Westminster 
— and a nation which shows all the 
signs of desperately needing the 
spiritual under-pinning that faith 
can give. 

It could of course be that God 
wants the church, which has 

served the nation reasonably well 
over the centuries, to die in its 
present form so that it may be 
raised up to hew life in a different 
form, to serve a very different 
kind ofsociety. It could be that the 
organized, church is like a drug 
addict oralcoholic and not until it 
is iii the gutter of despair will it see 
the need to radically change its 
habits: It could therefore be that 
we have no alternative but to 

■ waicb and pray as things get 
worse. If thai-is the case it is hardly 
surprising that young men of 
vision, ability and energy do not 
see themselves called to .the 
priestly minisiiy.. '■ 

.1 have no slick solutions, but I 
have four convictions: 

• The Gospel of Our Lord Jesus 
Christ is even more needed today 
than it has ever-been in a country 
like ours, where the material needs 
of most. bin. by no means aft, 
people are. met. 

• The leadership for change must 
come from- the Archbishop of 
Canterbury himself, supported by 
his fellow bishops. It will not come 
from the dericalized laity who 

. serve the church synods and 
boards. The bishops are now so 
frightened about possible splits in 
the church over the ordination of 

women that they got motions at 
the lost synod withdrawn so that 
they could reassess the situation.. 
Perhaps this could, be the opening 
of a new chapter when, instead of 
huffing and puffing, they give a 
firm, strong and decisive cor- 
porate lead, not only , on the 
ordination of women bnl on the 
many other important issues 
which confront the church. 

• The changes required will have 
to be what church people will 
consider as being very radical. 
Clergy will have to be retrained, 
some will have to take early 
retirement, freeholds will have to 
be modified, resources re-de- 
ploycd. A new drive, enthusiasm. 

. energy and urgency will have to be 
injected into the archaic ecclesias- 
tic machine. I can hear the 
archbishop and his advisers saying 
this is worldly- talk rather than 
Kingdom talk, but l fear that so- 
called Kingdom , talk is often no 
more than an excuse for doing 

• The religious dub type church- 
man will find the' changes yery 
painful. Bui those' millions of 
baptised Anglicans- who "vaguely 
consider themselves as being 
believers and who would like io 
get more involved — if they weir 
not so put off by the church — 
would welcome them. 

I think we may have to face the 
Tact that — however dynamic the 
leadership, however much the 
bishops stand together insuppori 
of the archbishop — the church, as 
wc have known it will not .revive: 
not least because the'church’s vast 
endowments. enable It to stagger 
along, however impoverished in 
spirit it is. But we must hot lose 
heart, for, in the end. God has it ali 
under control. He is not mocked. 
His purpose will prevail: His love 
will triumph. His -Kingdom will 
come in earth, as it is in heaven. 
Adapted from a sermon given 
yesterday at Canterbury • Cathedral 

Michael Hamlyn on the fresh sectarian crisis the Gurkhas pose India 


a Bengal 


There is a curious irony in that, 
while the sturdy hill-men of 
India's Gurkha regiment patrol 
the streets of Delhi to keep the 
Hindus and Sikhs from each 
other's throats. Sikhs in jungle 
green ha^c been keeping the place 
among the Gurkhas of Darjeeling. 

For here, in the district around 
the Brihsh-built hill-station, 
where the mean temperature is 
never more than a degree or- two 
abou* London's, the latest in this 
country's appalling ethnic dis- 
putes has already killed around 25 
people by official count and 
between 30 and 40 by a more 
informal calculation. The situa- 
tion. according to Bal Gopalan. 
the district magistrate, is at 
present under control “but far 
from normal”. 

It is less than four months since 
the agitation took its present turn, 
so this is. in a sense, the first ethnic 
crisis faced by -Rajiv Gandhi's 
government which cannot be 
blamed on any previous admin- 
istration. Gandhi's abilities may 
well be judged by the way the 
dispute continues. 

Of course, a certain amount of 
blame-shifting is going on. The 
central government and Gandhi's 
Congress Party say that the 
responsibility for the dispute lies 
with the communist-led govern- 
ment of West Bengal, of which the 
Darjeeling district forms an incon- 
gruous part. The Communist 
Party of India (Marxist) says that 
central government must deal 
with the Gurkha demands. 

Darjeeling itself was given to the 
British by the King of Sikkim 150 
years ago. in return for his being 
restored to the throne by a British 
force which had driven out a 
Nepalese invasion. The area, a ' 
maze of ridges and valleys in the 
southernmost fringe of the Hima- 
layas. was virtually uninhabited. 
Over the years the population 
grew from the 100 or so Lepcha 
tribesmen living in mud huts and 
practising a nomadic, bum-grow- 
and -mo vc-on sivlc of agriculture 
in 1836. to 10.000 by 1850. By the 
turn of the century the develop- 
ment of the tea ' industry 1 had 
attracted immigrants who took the 
population to around 250.000. 

niyw yirw a up— wj— —————— ^ — raw fwwwi 

The Darjeeling line . . . separatists hope h will one day lead to independent Gorkhaland 

These people mostly came from 
neighbouring Nepal, where the 
various castes and tribes of that 
Hindu kingdom all like to- call 
themselves Gurkhas, after the 
home of the king who finally 
united the kingdom. 

Today's population of rather 
over a million is mainly Nepali in 
origin, though obviously the 
majority have been born in the 
district. In the three troubled sub- 
districts around the (owns of 
Kalimpong.' Kurseong. and 
Darjeeling itself, the population is 
95 per cent Nepali. ' 

The open - border with the 
neighbouring kingdom was . rec- 
ognized by the government of 
independent India, .which, in 
1950. signed a treaty, of which 
article seven declares: “The gov- 
ernments oflndia and Nepal agree 
to grant, on a reciprocal basis, to 
the nationals of one country in the 
territories of the other, the same 
privileges in the matter of res- 
idence. ownership of property, 
participation in trade and com- 
merce. movement and other privi- 
leges of a similar nature.” 

The result is that Nepalese and 

Indians can live and work in each 
other's countries; and can cross 
and recross the joint border 
without trouble. Evidence of the 
success of article seven is seen, for 
example, in Delhi, where virtually 
every nightwatchman is a Nepal i. 
J( is strange, then, that this 'danse 
has become the centrepiece of the 
agitation in Darjeeling, where 
demands for its withdrawal are 
written on walls. 

A demand for an autonomous 
Gurkha region was first lodged as 
long ago as 1907. and the Nepalese 
in India have felt a niggling sense 
of grievance ever since. “I would 
say that it is a genuine grievance,'’ 
said - the Anglican . bishop , of- 
Darjeeling. John Ghose. . -^The 
Nepalese people have been ex- 
ploited in North Bengal. “There 
are no job opportunities in the 
area. Economically and educa- 
tionally it is backward/* 

But what brought the agitation 
to its present head was the way 
Gandhi dealt with the agitation in 
the neighbouring state of Assam. 
The Nepal is saw a population of - 
Bengalis suddenly become the 
victims of an anti-foreigner cam- 
paign by the native Assamese. In 
near-by Meghalaya. - things came 
even closer to home. Taking a leaf 
from the Assamese book, the 
Meghalaya government also 
evicted foreigners - but this time 
they were of Nepalese stock. The 
explanation for this was that the 
Nepalese speakers, although they 
claimed to be Indian-born. ’ had 
been allowed to stay because of 
article seven, and were none the 
less foreign. The Gurkha reaction 
was to rail for the abolition of 
article seven, and — in case the 

West Bengal government should 
everltry to evict the Nepalese — 
renewed • their call for , the 
establishment .of a separate 
Gorkhalahd (in Bengal the “ah' 
vowel sound ofmost.oiher Indian 
languages becomes an “oh” -and 
so Gurkhas become Gorkhas.)- 

These fears brought .instant 
feme and recognition to an ob- 
scure agitator. Subash Ghfsing, 
■who had for years led the'Gorkha 
National Liberation Front. He 
began a -series of demonstrations 
to press the .case, .for autonomy. 
The GN1P has never beed;quite 
dear whether it. wants Gorkbaland 
Jo be an autonomous region 
.within Bengal, to have a .separate 
existence within India/ perhaps as 
a union territory, or to be com- 
pletely independent 

The enemies of theGNLF have 
been able to characterize ■ the 
agitation as anti-national, and 
paramilitary police reinforce- 
ments were brought in to 'help 
control it. On July 19 Ghisingwas 
reported to have called for the 
Gurkhas to “cut the throats of the 
central reserve police force", an 
injuction which' his followers - ap- 
peared anxious to take literally. 
Nineteen people died in dashes 
with police. 

Ghising's organization then 
called a 4Vr-day general strike, 
which amply demonstrated the 
popular support his aims now 
have in the district. It also led to 
lethal clashes with CPU M) unions 
among the tea garden labourers. 

After the strike ended: Ghising. 
and . other leaders of the GNLF. 
went underground. Tension re- 
mains high, arid the authorities 
await his next move. 

Ulster’s tough man gains ground 

Minutes after his release from 
Garda custody in the Irish Repub- 
Peter Robinson was driven to 

border. The car look a wrong 

turning, and stepping from it in 
the ccnc night silence he took the 
opportunity once again to de- 
nounce the absence of visible 
security on cither side of the 

It was allegedly to publicize 
loyalist criticism of government 
assertions that border security had 
improved that he led a mob to 
take take over a liny County 
Monaghan hamlet His political 
opponents, however, suspect 
much personal ambition is mixed 
with the genuine unionist fear 
.1 their point of view is being 
ignored. In taking advantage of his 
leader Ian Paisley’s absence in the 
United States. Robinson, deputy 
head of the Democratic Unionist 
parts - , has increased his standing 
and impressed the most militant 
lovalisis as being the man tor the 
a man prepared to lead them 
ihe front The hardliners 
ago despaired of Paisley. 


from ultimate confrontation. 

Throughout this yes* Robinson, 
rnilv 377 and with a popular 
following in working class areas 

(Paisley has a more conservative 
and rural base) has cultivated a 
lough image. He and his youthful 
acolytes were instrumental in 
torpedoing the agreement by Pais- 
ley and James Molyneaux to enter 
talks with the Prime Minister over 
the Anglo-Irish agreement. Robin- 
son is ruthlessly undercutting his 
leader, though he recognizes 
Paisley's considerable influence. 
The big man will retain the 
leadership, bu as one party stal- 
wart put iu “He’ll become more of 
a totem figure.” 

While many unionists in bonier 
areas are suspicious of Robinson’s 
motives and critical of his associ- 
ation with men drilling paramili- 
tary style, there has been a 
sneak jng regard at the ability to 
organize such an event. In terms 
of publicity it had the desired 
effect. Nothing has angered union- 
ists more than the feeling that 


An .alteration to Geraldine 
Norman's article on Saturday gave 
the . impression that the Getty 
Museum's new statue had been 
given the name Kouros: a kouros 
is the generic name for a nude 
statue of a young man in early 
Greek art. 

their opposition to the agreement 
has been belittled and ignored. 

Resentment has grown too at 1 
the continued killings, particularly 
of off-duty members of the se- 
curity forces in isolated border 
areas, the apparent indifference of 
the government and jack of 
sympathy and coverage such 
events now 'receive m. the rest of 
the United Kingdom. Unionist 
leaders believe the great majority 
of loyalists have been restrained in 
their reaction to what' they see as 
little more than a campaign of 

Unionist politicians say that 
peaceful protests, and the* hun- 
dreds of thousands- of votes cast 
against the London- Dublin' agree- 
ment in January’s by-elections, 
have been lightly dismissed and 
that violence and the threat of it 
have been shown to reap rewards: 
The condemnation of Robinson’s 
action by government, churchmen 
and the leader writers will have 
little effect on the popularity of the 
DUP. although the manner in 
which that party is now making 
the running is causing alarm 
among Molyneaux's Official 
Unionists, who must be relieved 
that there is no cleciorahconiest 
for unionist votes oalhe horizon. 

The omens for the dark nights 
leading to the first anniversary of 
the signing of the 'agreerheiu are 
not good Loyalist paramilitaries 
are back on the streets of "nOrth 
Belfast, bringing a spate of sectar- 
ian attacksr a no-warning car 
bomb planted by the- outlawed 
Ulster Freedom Fighters was in- 
tended to show that .they nave 
perfected the technique of making 
and detonating such a device. 

The various loyalist, stoppages 
and shows of strength, are - sus 1 
peeled of being part ' of overall 
preparations aimed at learning the 
likely response from security 
forces and - the- nationalists;- The 
Ulster Defence Association- has 
been flypostiiqj with a -message, 
under a man in a uniform' and 
backpack carrying a gun/ urging 
people to “come forward now and 
be irained to do your shard 
Organize now.” . . v 

And ominously, the DUFs 
acting press officer said he could 
en visage further mass occupations 
of villages north and south of the 
border — the effect of whicirwould 
be 'to '-put ihe- government ? s.-s&- 
curity forces and agreement under 
enormous-pressure./ . 

Richard Ford 

Anne Sofer 

Saint Joan’s 
two armies 

Conor Cruise O'Brien, writing on 
this page recently about Nica- 
ragua. suddenly transported me 
back 30 years into an A level 

English lesson; . . ; . 

A set book for the examination 
that year was Shaw’s Saint Joan. 
Whether the play deserved this 
accolade on literary grounds I am 
• not quite sure, but it certainly 
Should be required reading for any 
politics course. For me the kernel 
of the play lies in a scene between 
the Earl of Warwick, and 
Cauchon, the Bishop of Beauvais. 

■ Both, for their different reasons, 
want to get rid of Joan. To the 
bishop, she represents .a direthreat 
to the. authority of. the Church 
because she will .not - accept ns 
interposition between fieTself and 
her “voices". “What will the world 
be like.” he asks passionately, 
“when the Church's accumulated 
wisdom and knowledge and 
experience, its councils of learned, 
-venerable, .pious men. are thrust 
into the kennel by every ignorant 
labourer or dairy-maid whom the 
devil can puff up with the mon- 
strous self-conceit of being directly 
inspired from heaven?” 

Warwick, tfre secular potentate, 
.is not particularly excited about 
this heresy; indeed he is detached 
enough to analyse it coolly and 
give it a name. “It goes deep, my 
Lord. It is the protest of the 
individual soul against the inter- 
ference of priest or peer between 
the private marr and his God. I 
should call -it Protestantism; if I 
had to find a name for it” He is fer 
more concerned at another dan- 
gerous idea, which Joan typifies 
and which he sees as gaining 
ground among the common peo- 
ple. the erosion of loyalty to the 
feudal lord and its replacement by 
loyalty to the land. 

Cauchon, analytical in his turn, 
develops this second idea, saying 
that, to Joan, “the French-speak- 
ing people are what the Holy 
Scriptures describe as a nation. 
Call this side of her heresy 
Nationalism if you will: I can find 
no better name for it. 1 can only 
tell you that it is anti-Catholic and 
antirChristian; for .the Catholic 
Church knows only .one realm, 
and that is the realm of Christ's 

And this, according to Conor 
Cruise. O'Brien, is more or less 
what the Pope has been saying to 
the Nicaraguan Marxist theolo- 
gians. Protestantism (in the sense 
of -the “protest of the individual 
soul . . . against interference”) 
and nationalism aresiill alive and 
well and tearing the world apart: 
“cen tunes of bloodshed”, as Shaw 
put it presdently in 1924. “that is 
not yet staunched”. 

Shaw saw both forces as pail of 
human evolution and used Joan 
almost: as a mere agent- But 
whetherone. accepts die theory of 
historical inevitability that lies 
-behind this or not it is remarkable 
- what a powerful hold both ideas 
have, despite their long record of 
destructiveness. ■’ Freedom of 

thought and a homeland — what 
could be. more fundamental to 
human happiness, and yet more 
impossible apparently to achieve 
for most of the earth s population? 

Although in the developing 
world it is the left that is seizing 
the two ideas, in Britain and the 
US it is the right. But all too easily, 
the “protest of the individual 
soul” becomes mere individ- 
ualism. acquires the spurious 
glamour of the adjective “ruggetT . 
and degenerates into selfishness 
and a disclaimer of the very idea 
of community responsibility. By a 
similar .corruption simple patri- 
otism slithers into a nasty mixture 
of jingoism, and isolationism.. a 

On a short dip from an Ameri- 
can television report on our own 
news last week, i heard an 
interesting example of Reaganite 
thought- Farmers faring bank- 
ruptcy in one drought-ravaged 
area were being- helped by train- 
loads of hay from luckier farmers 
in another part ofthe country. The 
recipient, expressing his gratitude, 
protested altogether too much. 
“It's not welfare; it’s like a 
neighbour helping you rebuijd 
your barn when it's blown down in 
a storm: it's like a GI helping his 
wounded buddy back to the field 
hospital. Thai’s not welfere." Ob- 
viously the mere idea that he 
might be dependent on any sort of 
public responsibility had thrown 
him into a moral panic. 

. But just as it is the temper ofthe 
right to apologize for dependency, 
so it is The temper of the left to 
apologize for individualism. An 
example is an article defending 
psychotherapy by Susie Orback in 
the latest issue of Marxism Today. 
She is worried about the “link 
between the therapeutic notion of 
persona] responsibility and the 
prevailing right-wing idealpgical 
stance of personal responsibility”. 
She admits that therapy is often 
criticized on the grounds that it is 
"a repudiation of public 
responsibility, an individual re- 
sponse to public ills”, but rejects 
these criticisms on the grounds 
that therapy need not be “devoid 
of political content" and should 
lead to a realization that “our 
psyches -are an embodiment of 
social relations”. 

- Now I have no doubt at ail that 
the former speaks to more hearts 
than the feminist — and not only 
because he is more easily under- 
stood. A left using language, even 
opaquely, to convey the message 
that public equals good and 
individual equals bad is up against 
an overwhelming prejudice. 

Mrs Thatcher of course realizes 
this better than any other poli- 
tician. Even Bernard Shaw, whom 
I cannot imagine feeling anything 
but detestation for her. policies, 
would have seen the Saint Joan in 
her! Her voices, too, tell her she is 
right Which is why. despite her 
brittleness, her shrillness, her pig- 
headedness and her incom- 
petence. die is still where she is. 
The author is a metnber ofthe SDP 
national committee. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

The first thing we 'noticed about 
the circus was- that -almost every- 
one workmgrn it had a bad .limp. 

. One doesn't expect much of a 
tiny travelling cirnis turning lip in 
a tiny Breton village, as this did 
one day last month; but one does 
expect that most of the performers 
wiH walk - normally. As It was. it 
seemed that sometertibie series of 
accidents must have happened in 
the past Sparing- only ihe . down 
and the ring-master. The man who 
brough the; props on and ■ off 
seemed to have been injured the 
worst he limped not only with his 
legs but also wfth Jus back. 

■ The other thing we noticed was 
how sad -everyone looked. We 
could understand -the badly in- 
jured stagehand looking tragic, as 
he thought of his brilliant future 
behind him. but there seemed no 
excuse for the ring-master's furi- 
ous expression which did nor relax 
even when* he was taking a bow. 
The only man who looked ’cheer- 
ful. was the dowp. .as he happily 
upstaged the ring-master. .He 
smiled again when be came back 
as the amazing ..unicyclisL He 
smiled again. as be came back in 
cowboy uniform to do amazing 
things with whips and ropes. - 
. .Between acts ’ the ring-master 
retreated to-ihe. electronics comer, 
which contained a microphone 
and an old gramophone. 
'iuaintenani. messieurs dames." he 
would intone, “/e spectacle con- 
tfnuc arec Ursula la comor- 
siomister Then be put the needle 
back to the beginning of the record 
which had just .finished, and on 
camc-UrsuIa, the girl whohad sold 
us our tickets, to . do back hand- 
stands of which an Engl ish school- 
girl would be moderately proud. 

The spectacle, continued' with a - 
horse which trotted.round the ring 
m both- directions, then jumped 
over a pole held by the twisted 
stagehands The spectacle contin- 
ued later with a dpg. which jumped 
over a. stick- a tight-rope walker 
who looked terrified even though 
she was six feet up; and a goat 
whtchclirhbed on a series of small 
tables and d»4 Q ot fell off. ; 

: None of -them smiled. .- 
• “£> mainfenant .” announced 
the ring-master, “/c spectacle se 
poursuii over Serge /e flahia.*' 

A llama trundled into the ring, 
not Umpingbut'npf smiling either. 
U trotted round and round and the 
ring-master crapked his whip, as a 
signal foriuo change direction, it 

did no such thing. He cracked his 
whip several times and finally got 
a direct hit, at which the llama did 
change direction. The injured 
stage-hand put out a pole so low 
that the Hama did not notice it 
while sweeping over. 

The ring-master promised us 
that -Serge the llama would lie 
down aslf fest asleep. Serge did so. 
And this is where things started to 
go badly wrong, because Serge 
now refused to get up again. He lay 
there, bead flat on the ground, 
while the ring-master tried in vain 
to pull him up. We clapped and 
laughed, because we thought it was 
all in the act, but the ring-master 
did not laugh and nor. for the first 
time, did the down when he came 
on to help pull the Mama up. 

- Within minutes there were half 
a dozen circus people in the ring, 
all trying to remove the llama. An 
old man we had never seen before 
limped on and tried to tempt Serge 
off with a loaf. Serge accepted it in 
his mouth, but still lay motionless, 
pe- drcus people went hno a 
huddle and what they were 
discussing was obviously, can we 
do- the rest of the drcus in a ring 
one-third occupied by a recum- 
bent llama? 

Llamas are notoriously stub- 
born and aggressive animals, to be 
handled with care, but this was not 
a thought that occurred to the 
audience: all we knew was that we 
had come to the high spot ofthe 

uIISI! 16 ' howled with 

laughter, and cheered and dapped, 
hoping lhat Serge would never get 
all the indignities 
that circus 

ammato have lo endure. But even 
SSS? eventually, and to a 


the drcus to a 
£?/ after with a 

final appeal to us all to throw 

ESZB''* 10 - he, P feed the 

N Si mornin ® they had 
J™* 1 ® 4 E ve n now. I suppose 

fe?enSi ^ nkru P lc y - ‘wking 
ior enough money to feed the 
gnmals. Well. 1 hoj£ fiSS 

And I hope there is 
thoShm 1 ! my suspicion that all 
injuries were 

between lia™! 85 * . 0?° fro n rations 
uerween Hama and circus folk. ' • 



j. v 


5! *- t U %,-i 

... h. 


''M ,< 

V. : .... 

V ”"’u s 

'* '• ,1 

M . 1 

'“?i«K t J>.. 


"... ■ '-» 

1 'E \<'t ,i:- % 

If*! ill - & 

‘ '» k .t*M 

, , 

: lfe«av.i!s 

• ■' .•■ : 

r,*.i4.,n s 

“ • .l.v 


• 'M* i| 
. .| .. .. 

■ ir * iitir 1 - !• 

; ; v: ti 


• 1 • "..,1 

•wwll .1^.1 

; s!i 

1 . 



k '«nhv% 


1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 



EEC damage to trade with Japan 

m lh - 
■m.N '”v 





; 'M! Uni 
1 'f 1,1 *!. till 

\t\ x ‘ 


t'j’.t!::'. ;«•, 

- ’Jv , u «. 
•• lit !jt 

5**c in:;-; 

•f hi:u»T- 

:•% i u>.! 

trisni ;• 

n it 

i • * 

•• sr;i< 

,r : 



f*.iS S,i: 
'J SJ-. : 

ihr H.\% 

i> g.*;,.-: 


J V -iv !.r.. 


i .-.'I-, s . 

Tv r • . <• 

; i *■ 

i- 5 . 

'•.s - • ~ v : 

\\ c 

v ‘. ‘ ^ 



■. . *** kC 

"■ lVnJ ‘’nitJrJ 

. [?****$ 

■ 1 Mlitw 

• "v- 

. Ur npiT«r 
• • •‘•’ r inju^ 
.. ; 14 Jn xntiti 

. . ,h ^jVui Kt 

■ r ^P‘nyh|| m . 

' * r, fhi-*TOi ; 
i^r-onal niQft 

lh « thn£ 
,hl ‘ grcuaA. 
■’■Jj’jj.ijn s;' 
' ' 1 1 " 1 in mjr.- 

•" i||r j. 

■ iM'.ni .i n uj* 
‘•T- r "pJ n, 

•' vorSiT.fjjj' 
•• ’4ji.'2llWj. 
■' • r cnhu- 

. . 


’ ~t .; 

P ,.-4. 

t" ' ™ * 

ti ■■ 

r li , JOUT i 

XV-ii v l.i 7 - 
■'*1 - Si- 
r ' C* 
- -'.v ML. 

'■■■ ii 'ii i r • 

• is : i<i' : 

■ ,v 

' Hi'"., rr v-.. 

,i 1 ! it V; 

-rcr. ihiSss;. 

■ tth'. £ 

. »\ • vhn’bfft 
--« I* 

%■■; \ s'.i’.i 

President Reagan's decision to 
sell cut-price wheat to the 
R ussians has been justly -criti- 
cised. Once again national 
interest has been seen to 
prevail . over international 
solidarity, market principles 
have been blown to the wind 
and the m efficient, non-mar- 
ket economy of the Soviet 
Union has been the benefi- 

.It is not, of course, quite as 
' simple as that. The price the 
Russians are paying ' for their 
. American wheat is unlikely to 
- be lower than the present -, 
average world price. - It is 
subsidized m terms of domes- 
tic US wheat prices (by about 
Si 3 a tonne), but sales are 
. being finalized around the 
world at lower prices even 
than these. Moreover, the 
quantity the Russians are buy- 
ing would justify a discount in 
almost any market conditions. 

Given that the Soviet Union 
is obliged, under the terms of 
the present US-Soviet grain 
agreement, to buy a minimum 
of four million tonnes of US 
wheat a year, the Russians are 
buying their quota advanta- 
geously; But if that obligation 
did not exist, they might well 
be able to buy a similar 
quantity more cheaply else- 
where. To this extent the 
bargain is more limited than it 
may seem. 

The real problem is twofold: 
the worldwide subsidies for 
commodities — like grain — 
which are in plentiful supply, 
and the politicization of the 
grain trade. Grain is now — 
and has been since President 
Carter restricted US grain sales 
to the Eastern bloc following 
the Soviet invasion of 
.Afghanistan — a political 
commodity. Not only is It a 
past and potential weapon in 
East-West rivalry. It is also a 
potent force in domestic poli- 
tics. and not in the United 
States alone. 

In the European Commu- 
nity. the farming lobby has 
shown its hostility to market - 
principles time and time again, 
for reasons of domestic 
expedience. It ill behoves* 
European leaders to complain 
about subsidies to US farmers' 
for grain sales lo the Soviet 
Union when European butter 
is sold at knock-down prices to 
the Eastern bloc, when arti- 
ficial mechanisms allow sales 
of- cheap (Le. subsidized) 
wheat m traditional US mar- 
kets, and when European 
solidarity with the United 
States in another matter — the 
sale of equipment for the 
Siberian gas pipeline - was not 
forthcoming, far reasons of 
national interest 

The grain trade has become 
equally politicized in the main 
recipient countries. In the So- 
viet Union it is a matter of 
national shame that the 
•'progressive"’ collectivized . 
agricultural sector has proved . 
incapable of feeding a popula- 
tion smaller than that of the 
United States, which has so 
large a grain surplus. In recent 
years, Soviet leaders have 
treated the statistics for grain 
production as state secrets, 
though there is evidence that 
total production has. over the 
past five years, fallen by 20 per 
cent compared with the pre- 
vious five years. Details of 
grain purchases from the West 
are not made public. 

In China; the achievement 
of self-sufficiency in grain 
(which was largely a result of 
the revival of market prin- 
ciples in the countryside) was 
regarded as a triumph not 
simply because it meant more 
food for the people of China, 
but because of the greater- 
political freedom it permitted 
the country’s foreign policy 

At the same time, the politi- 
cization of the world grain 
trade has only been possible 

because a few countries, chief 
among them the Soviet Union, 
are unable to feed themselves. 
They are vulnerable to the 
grain weapon. However, the 
use of that weapon by the West 
is of questionable value. Not 
.. only is it morally doubtful 
whether people should be de- 
prived of food in peacetime in 
protest against their leaders* 
policies. It is also, if those 
. leaders are willing to pay 
market prices for the food they 
themselves have been unable 
to produce, bad economics — 
as President Carter’s grain 
embargo demonstrated. 

The one glimmer of hope to 
emerge as a result of President 
Reagan's derision is the 
strength of the opposition 
expressed from within the US 
establishment Even such loyal 
presidential supporters as Sec- 
retary of State George Shultz, 
and Commerce Secretary Mal- 
colm Baldrige. have publicly 
voiced their misgivings about 
the wisdom of selling sub- 
sidized wheat to the Soviet 
Union to placate American 

Given that boih Shultz and 
Baldrige are engaged in deli- 
cate discussions with the So- 
viet Union with a view in the 
one case to a future successful 
summit meeting, and in the 
other to valuable orders for US 
companies, there may have 
been a measure of expedience 
in their objections. Nonethe- 
less, this defence of free trade 
and market principles in pref- 
erence to the short-term na- 
tional interest is praiseworthy. 

Widespread acceptance of 
these principles offers one 
■way, perhaps the only way. of 
breaking the unholy alliance 
which currently exists between 
the US farmers and the eco- 
nomic planners of the Soviet 
Union — an alliance which 
'does much to keep world grain 
prices unnecessarily high. 

From Afr James Bourlct 
Sir. Three years ago the EEC 
information office here in Tokyo 
made arrangements with Japan to 
limit shipments of video-cassette 
recorders to EEC member states 
and since then supplies have 
indeed been reduced and prices 

As a recent Trade Policy Re- 
search Centre study has shown, 
the result for Britain has been an 
important consumer loss without 
any corresponding employment 
gain. The balance of advantage for. 
other member countries has also 
.been, to say the least, question- 
able. . 

But though hardly noticed at the 
time, the arrangement had an 
effect offer greater significance in 
that it was a -break through” in 
wresting decision-making on trade 
policy from EEC member govern- 
ments to the EEC executive itself. 
Since this political effect was in 
feci the main aim. serious dis- 
cussion of the economic effects of 
the arrangement were — and are — 

In addition to restrictions on the 
sales of VCRs the arrangement 
provided for EEC “monitoring" of 
selected Japanese items sold in the 
EEC and this in turn has led to 
numerous actions against selected 
products such as electronic type- 
writers. Thus the EEC has now 
effectively consolidated trade pol- 
icy aspects of sovereignty in its 
own bands. 

Here officials, journalists and 
foreign correspondents now duti- 
fully attend EEC information 
office press conferences. There is 
virtually no trace left of a British 
voice or perspective bn such 
important matters as Common- 
wealth interests, free or multi- 
lateral trade, die UK’s invisibles 
trade position and much else — 
such concerns are simply sub- 
merged in the EECs protectionist 
clamour on behalf of continental 
manufacturing interests. 

The damage however, is by no 
means limited to Britain. The vast 
EEC-generated publicity, both in 
Japan and in Europe, complaining 
of the- difficulties of selling in 
Japan, which was supposedly 

intended to influence the Japanese 
authorities, has in feci backfired 
by frightening many European 
buisnesscs away from the Japa- 
nese market or away from making 
the necessarily high marketing 
investment and commitment 
here. Thus the bilateral visible 
trade imbalance between Japan 
and the EEC is now in part a 
product of EEC ham-fisted ness! 

Meanwhile, those companies 
who have ignored such propa- 
ganda and have quietly investi- 
gated and invested here on their 
own initiative, such as BMW and 
Wedgwood, are doing well. Simi- 
larly. adverse EEC publicity here 
on whisky import taxes is unlikely 
to lead to lower imported whisky 
prices but has “informed" the 
Japanese consumer that such 
products “cost** little and thus can 
no longer serve as worthy gifts. 
Everyone has lost — but EEC 
politics grind on. 

But these are mere details 
compared 10 the main effect on 
Japan, where the overwhelming 
need is to enable consumers and 
voters to fed that it is in Japan's 
national interests to accept im- 
ports and enjoy the consequent 
retail price reductions. The real 
tragedy of the EEC's only 100 
effective publicity campaign is 
that it has identified such an 
import policy firmly with foreign 
rather than Japanese gains and has 
thus greatly strengthened the 
hands of Japanese domestic pro- 
ducer interests. 

Sadly one must conclude that a 
most useful economy for the EEC 
to make would be to ask their 40- 
odd staff here in Tokyo to pack 
their duty-free bags and return 
home forthwith, leaving the nor- 
mal diplomatic and consular staffs 
of EEC member states to handle 
matters in their traditionally 
experienced and effective way. 
Yours faithfully. 


Keio University. 

Faculty of Business and 

15-45 Mita 2-Chome. 

Minato-ku. Tokyo 108. 



. . . Miles Kingtos 


n’t limp 



Not so very long ago the only 
visual aid available to. the 
police in their fight against 
crime was the photograph of a 
wanted man displayed in a 
• public place. A- more "recent 
*- variant has been the Identikit 
picture, composed . from the 
descriptions .of witnesses, 
which gives at least some idea 
of the appearance of a person 
wanted but unknown. An en- 
tirely new dimension, how- 
ever, has been provided by 
television, with its unprece- 
dented scope for involving the 
eyes of the public in the 
business of criminal investiga- 

How much has it so far been 
used for this purpose? The 
pioneer in the field was Shaw 
Taylor with his programme 
Police 5, which has been 
running for well over 20 years 
in close collaboration with the 
Metropolitan Police. The 
programme’s success is ev- 
ident not only from its durabil- 
ity, but also from official 
figures. In his report for last 
year the Metropolitan Police 
Commissioner, Sir Kenneth 
Newman, states that •‘out of 
the 249 cases featured in Police ■ 
5 in 1985, information was 
provided which- was of direct 
value in no less than 167 
eases.” This was “more than 
double the number in 1984.” 
Mr Taylor, also does similar 

programmes for Central Tele- 
vision and Television South. 

BBC Television was perhaps 
rather . slow to follow Mr 
TayJor’sexample onITV. But 
for the past -two years BRC1 
has been . obtaining a huge 
nationwide* audience for its 
progr am me Crimewatch UK, 
which specializes iii the dra- 
matic reconstruction of 
crimes. It, too, can claim 
strikingly good results. In the 
21 showings of the programme 
to date, 204 cases have been 
covered; and in consequence 
60 people have been arrested 
and charged. Of these 34 have 
so far been brought to trial, 
and all found guilty. (The cases 
against the rest are still pend- 

There has been one local 
offshoot of Crimewatch UK 
Crimewatch South, which ran 
through last autumn and win- 
ter on BBC Southampton. In 
addition, 'a few local police 
. forces — notably Kent — make, 
their own videos to assist them 
in preventing or investigating 
crime. These can either be 
shown to audiences in schools, 
halls or old people’s homes, or 
supplied to local television 
stations for inclusion in then* 

. programmes. 

All this is fine so far as it 
goes, but does not yet amount 
to much when set against the 

daunting statistics of crime. 
Above all, it does not amount 
to. much in the total length of 
time given to slid* -pro- 
grammes. on the air. Shaw 
Taylor’s appear weekly, more 
or less throughout theytar, but 
• each runs for only 15 minutes. 
Crimewatch UK is* 40-minute 
programme going out at 
9.30pm, and followed by a IQ- 
minute update at a quarter to 
midnight But it appears only 
once a month. Granted the 
success rate of both pro- 
grammes, and the scale of the 
problem, it would seem that 
far more air time should be 
given to both of them, and to 
other programmes that might 
be launched to serve the same 
purpose nationally and locally. 

Of course there is a limit to 
what can be done with only 
four channels. But since there 
are, for instance, frequent 
weather programmes every 
day to help us take suitable 
precautions against sun, rain, 
wind or frost, it. is surely 
reasonable to suggest that 
equally frequent and daily 
programmes might be broad- 
cast to help the community in 
its (at present losing) battle 
against crime. Moreover, with 
the gradual development of 
cable television it should be. 
possible for a Whole channel to 
be made available for anti- 
crime broadcasting. 

Tale of two faiths 

From Mr G. £. Hester 
Sir. I congratulate you on the 
publication, on succeeding days, 
of complementary articles — Ber- 
nard Levin's “The snake still lives 
in the garden” (August 1) and 
Conor Cruise O'Brien’S “War of 
two faiths in Nicaragua” (August 
2). Bernard Levin wanted us of the 
intellectuals who will visit and 
justify totalitarian regimes. Mr 
Levin even put “And the latest, of 
course is Nicaragua” 

“Latest” was ’ die right word 
because the next day we had Mr 
O'Brien solemnly telling us that 
“The Sandinista elite is un- 
questionably joined to the 
people.” Mr O’Brien expects us to 
believe that the Marxists of Nica- 
ragua are really in favour of the 

Catholic Church: they just hap- 
pened to be opposed to the 
bishops of Nicaragua and the 

- When the Marxist regime ex- 
pelled two Catholic bishops, it 
accused them of being “supporters 
of American aggression”. The 
regime has just refused to allow 
Mother Teresa of Calcutta per- 
mission to set up two commu- 
nities of her Missionaries of 
Charity. Presumably the Nica- 
raguan Marxists regard Mother 
Teresa also, as a supporter of 
. American aggression. Presumably 
there are visiting intellectuals who 
will believe them. 


G. E HESTER. Headmaster. 

St Joseph’s RC School 
Horwich. Bolton. Lancashire. 
August 5. 

Greyhound racing 

From Mr P. A. Sweeney 
Sir, The criticism of the Monopo- 
lies and Mergers Commission by 
Mr Mqjury and Lord Newall 
(August 5) is unwarranted. The 
investigation into the greyhound 
monopoly could have been 
avoided with a little measure of 
consideration or tolerance. 

The closure of many tracks 
during the sixties prompted hun- 
dreds of owners and trainers to 
form the Greyhound Council of 
Britain in 1970 to foster racing. 

Because a restrictive role which 
forced owners to race greyhounds 
under false names on non-NGRC 
tracks was seen to be strangling the 
sport I was appointed to lead a 
deputation to beg the NGRC 
stewards to change this rule. We 

were told that they had no power 
to alter any rale which might affect 
the interests of their member 

This rule was fundamental to 
the terms of reference of the recent 
inquiry. The inevitable verdict 
that it has operated 'against the 
public interest is welcomed by all 
who believe in equal opportunity 
for all owners, trainers and lic- 
ensed tracks, but only a statutory 
control board can ensure the 
future and integrity of the sport. 
Yours faithfully, 

P. A. SWEENEY (Chairman, 

The Greyhound Council of Brit- 


Church Lawford, 

Rugby, Warwickshire. 

August 6 . 


Nine months after the costly 
terrorist assault on the Palace 
of Justice in Bogota and the 
immense catastrophe of the 
.Nevado del Ruiz, last week the 
Conservative BelisariO 
Bctancur completed his 
presidential terra and handed 
office to his successor the 
Libera] Dr Vfrgilio Banco. 
Colombia’s democratic in- 
stitutions have once again 
shown their ability 10 survive 
extraordinary stresses. 

; This transfer of power also 
marks the end of coalition 
arrangements between the 
Republic’s two traditional par- 
ties that were- entered into 
nearly 30 years ago. The 
outgoing Conservatives have 
declined Dr Barco's offer of a 
share of ministerial posts. 
They have refused not from 
sectarian resentment or quib- 
bles about numbers but from a 
cool calculation of their future 
political interests, and can do 
so now without fear that their 
absence from government will 
lead to a revival of the partizan 
hatreds that cost the country 
so dear ip the 1 940s and 50s. 

. Despite the. Liberals’ land- 
slide victory in the elections, 
the Conservative are by no 
means to be written off. Presi- 
dent Betanciir's standing in ihe 
opinion polls at the end of his 

term has been unusually high 
— the Colombian political 
system customarily erodes 
Presidential prestige unmerci- 
fully. • 

There are grounds therefore 
for some optimism in this 
change, and also in some 
elements of likely continuity 
with the previous administra- 
tion. DrBarco has not repudi- 
ated his predecessor’s attempts 
to reach peace, accords with 
Colombia's various guerilla 
groups, attempts whose 
considerable success and 
popularity have been too 
much overshadowed .by the 
occasions on which they have 
spectacularly failed. The truce 
with the largest and tret 
organized group, the Moscow- 
line FARC, has held, and in 
the congressional elections its 
political arm obtained a- small 
but significant representation. 

The new government ■ has 
promised to reinforce the 
peace agreements with those 
sincerely inclined accept 
them with greater resources, a 
degree of agrarian reform and 
, an attack on unemployment in 
cities which particularly affects 
the young. At the same time 
Dr Barco is. markedly less 
inclined to enter into imagi- 
native • dialogues than Dr 

Economic prospects have 
recently somewhat improved. 
At the higher levels. Colombia 
has for two decades produced 
the best economic manage- 
ment in Latin America. Those 
tempted to comment that 
there has not been much 
strong competition should be 
reminded that Colombia was 
alone among, major — and 
minor — Latin America 
Republics in resisting the in- 
cessant and sophisticated urg- 
ing to borrow that was the 
bankers' wisdom of the 1 970s. 
That resistance had something 
to do with the free play of 
politics and criticism, , which 
did not prevail elsewhere. 

Colombia suffers from vi- 
olence. drugs and persistent 
poverty, and nobody would 
describe Colombian democ- 
racy as perfect But it is in large 
degrees a democracy, and in- 
isofar as it is. there is plenty of 
Colombian evidence that 
democracy works. There is no 
reason to demand that - its 
party system should conform 
10 some arbitrary norm; it is 
not the only Republic of the 
Americas to be frilled . by. an 
archaic-seemingtwo-party sys- 
tem with obscur 1 9th -century 
origins, where the independent 
Left can* never gel 5 perceni of 
the vote. 

Anonymous views 

From Mr R. Edmonson- Woods 
Sir. In accordance with accepted 
custom, readers' letters are never 
published by reputable news- 
papers unless they are duty signed. 
Yet dairy you publish leading 
articles which are anonymous. 
Openness in public affairs, much 
lauded in your own columns, is 
the watchword in these so-called 
enlightened days but this practice 
of concealing the identity of those 
writing articles calculated to in- 
fluence and mould, public opinion 
would seem hard to justify. 

The leading newspapers on the 

continent of Europe have long 
followed the usage of linking the 
contents of main columns with the 
name, or ax least the initials of 
those who compose them. This 
practice enables readers to connect 
the information contained in lead- 
ing articles with its author and at 
the same time, to assess both. 
Thus, secrecy is done. away with, 
writers acknoweldge certain 
responsibility for their views and 
generally, there is more interest in 
reading the newspaper. 

Yours truly. 


Can Molla. 

Capdella. Mallorca. 

Up the family tree 

From Dr Mark McEredy 
Sir. Your Science Editor. Mr 
Pearce Wrighu in an interesting 
review (August 4) of the latest 
.dating for Neanderthal stone 
tools, suggests that these ancient 
men were contemporaries of our 
early ancestors and probably inter- 
bred with them. 

I would like to put forward the 
alternative hypothesis that Nean- 
derthal man could not interbreed 
with Cro-Magnon man because he 
had 48 chromosomes, like the 
apes, while we and the Cro- 
Magnons have 46. 

If this is true we shall never find 
any skeletons of Neanderthal/ 
Cro-Magnon cross-breeds and the 
biochemistry and chromosomes 
of all the many and di verse sorts of 
modem man will prove so similar 
that descent from a mutant 46 
chromosome person living only 
IOO.OOO years ago will appear very 

Perhaps wc really are all broth- 
ers under the skin! 

Yours etc. 



2 Clarence Road. 

Tunbridge Wells, Kent 
August 6 . 

■ t 

Chapel heritage 

From Mr Christopher Stell 
Sir. The General Secretary of the 
Methodist Church Property Di- 
vision (August 2) fails to grasp the 
distinction between listed build- 
ings and those deemed by English 
Heritage to be eligible for grants. 
No reduction in the number of 
listed chapels would increase the 
limited funds available since 
gram worthiness is assessed in- 
dependently of statutory listing. 

It is a sad commentary on 
official Free Church attitudes to 
conservation that a demand for 
unlimited licence to alter build- 
ings of outstanding historical im- 
portance should be coupled with 
an evident belief that grants 
should not inhibit the destruction 
of notable interiors. 

Religious observance is en- 
hanced by a respect for the 
monuments of the past Abolition 
of ecclesiastical exemption will 
hurt only insensitive ritualists 
whose wilful tinkering? have too 
long gone unrestrained. 

Yours faithfully. 



Berks Hill. 

Chorlcywood. Herefordshire. 
August 4. 

Stepping up in 
clinical science 

From die President of the Royal 
College of Physicians of Edinburgh 
Sir. Much of the fine record of the 
NHS regarding patient care and 
the improvement in treatment 
and prevention of disease in the 
UK has depended on providing 
young doctors with opportunities 
to study and develop new ideas 
and methods. 

This has been a vital but poorly 
recojgnised keystone of modern 
British medicine. But the recent 
consultative document on hos- 
pital medical staffing, issued on 
behalf of the UK health depart- 
ments. commendable as it may be 
for the health service, gives cur- 
sory and imprecise consideration 
to the way doctors in training 
might either be offered opportu- 
nities to pursue clinical research 
without prejudicing their future 
career prospects in the health 
service or to embark on a career in 
academic medicine which will 
rank equally with a career in the 
health service. 

Sir David Innes Williams and 
his distinguished colleagues 
rightly describe in a recent letter 
(July 30) clinical reseach as “under 
dire threat” and predict, again 
rightly, that once its base has been 
eroded it will be extremely diffi- 
cult to re-establish. 

One solution which should go 
far to reverse the current disas- 
trous downward spiral in aca- 
demic medicine and the 
consequent deleterious effects in 
ihe quality of the health service is 
to establish an entirely new career 
structure to which medical and 
non-medical graduates may as- 

Unfortunately, the constraints 
on the Medical Research Council 
are at present too great to provide 
sufficient new posts. The structure 
should provide junior and senior 
career-investigator posts within 
existing university medical 
schools, offer security at senior 
level and permit lateral movement 
into and out of the existing 
university and health service sys- 

Such a career structure would 
re-establish the identity of clinical 
science: It would offer a real future 
for many bright young graduates, 
be a great fillip to morale and 
improve the quality of the health 

Yours faithfulR 

M. F. OLIVER. President. 

Royal College of Physicians, 

9 Queen Street. 


August 5. 

Jury challenge 

From his Honour Paul Layton 
Sir, I am disappointed that no one 
seems to have written to you 
following John Spencers’ ad- 
mirable and important article. 
7 H 0 W to weed out the biased 
juror” (August 1L Among other 
things be suggests that court 
officials should check potential 
jurors for defects such as deafness 
and literacy; good in its way but 
not enough. A better procedure 
would be on the following lines. 

With each jury summons would 
be a short and simple ques- 
tionnaire covering such things as 
occupation, education and in- 
terests. The answers would be 
made available on a confidential 
basis to counsel on both sides. 

Challenges for cause by both 
defence and prosecution could be 
based on them. No one but the 
judge would be permitted to 
question any potential juror. The 
judge could deal with circum- 
stances relating to individual cases 
(e.g_ employees of a prosecuting 

In any event, as challenges for 
cause are likely to become more 
common if the peremptory chal- 
lenge is abolished, it would be well 
in the interests of consistency for 
there to be some broad statutory 
guidelines for the exercise of the 
judges* discretion in deciding 
whether to allow a challenge. 

Yours faithfully. 


70A Leopold Road. 

Wimbledon, SW19. 

Yellow peril 

From Mrs Brenda Anus 
Sir. The highways and byways in 
this part or the country are now 
bright yellow with ragwort, mak- 
ing the oil-seed rape spring flower 
show pale. Ragwort is poisonous 
to ruminant animals, but unpalat- 
able until it is withering, either 
from old age or from being 

I and my small work-force have 
spent, at least 100 person/hours 
clearing this detestable weed from 
56 acres of newly bought land: but 
the county council is doing noth- 
ing about the verges of the A23 
near by. Quite shortly this bumper 
harvest win go to seed with 
foreseeable disastrous con- 

Yours faithfully, 


Phoenix Farm. Woodhill House. 
Cuckfield Lane. 

Warainglid. West Sussex. 

For the record 

From Mr William Barrett 
Sir. Mr Woodruff's timber mer- 
chant (August 6 ) must have a 
system for record and security 
purposes and it must perforce be 
used whether the transaction is for 
30p or £1,000. To me the system 
sounds a not unreasonable one: 
Mr Woodruff has made it appear 
long-winded by describing it in a 
long-winded way. Indeed, he took 
5 Vi column inches of paper to do 

Yours faithfully. 


Pip's Peace. 


Stowmarket, Suffolk. 


AUGUST 11 1868 

This extract from a long narrative 
relating the experiences of a^vung 
lady who survived the massacre of 
C awnporp in June 1857 was sent 
to The Times by o third party. A 
leading article thought that "The 
authentication . . . is so far 
satisfactory that we do not 
hestitate la submit it to our 
readers, but we must remark that 
room seems to hare been left for 
what in scholastic language would 
be termed a corruption in the 



. . .“I had to accompany the flying 
enemy, and made a detour of 
great portion of the North-West 
Provinces on foot. viz.. Bareilly, 
Rohikund, Futtegfaur, 

Shafajehanpore. and the district 

near Delhi. After travelling 
through all these places we joined 
the mutineers at Lucknow. On our 
arrival here I met my sable 
benefactor. Ian African who had 
befriended her] who informed me 
that Mouh’ie AhmedooQah Shah, 
commonly called the Fyzabad 
Mouhrie. was one of the principal 
men or generals among the muti 
neers, and he was certain that the 
Moulvie would shelter and protect 
me if I wrote to him, stating my 
hard case . . . 

“As the Moulvie could read and 
write English I had not much 
difficulty in making him under- 
stand my deplorable condition. On 
a piece of dirty paper, in which 
some salt had been served to me, I 
managed to scribble with a bit of 
charcoal a few lines to him, stating 
my case in a few words, and 
begging of him, in the name of his 
prophet, Mahomed, to help me. as 
it was impossible to drag on my 
miserable existence with the native 
soldiers, whose conduct to me was 
cruel in the extreme. The kind 
African, under whose advice I 
acted, not only promised to take 
my note to the Moulvie, but to 
plead my cause for me . A day after 
he brought me a verbal reply from 
the Moulvie to the effect that the 
Begum, his mother-in-law, would 
take me under her protection, and 
that I should be one of the ladies of 
her household. 

“The following day a suit of 
dothes similar to those worn by 
Mahomedan ladies of distinction 
was brought to me, and 1 was 
instructed to bathe and proceed to 
the Begum's Palace at the 
Kaiser bagh. 

“I shall briefiy pass over the 
particulars of my conversion to the 
Maho medan faith and installation 
as a Lady of the Household, as 1 
feel pained fo think of this period 
of my eventful existence; suffice it 
to say that I had had to contend 
with sufferings enough to bend and 
subdue any' woman. The effect of 
the fll-treatment I had endured 
tended to make me a downright 
hypocrite. I could have been made 
to do anything, and I played my 
part as a convert to the 
Mahomedan creed in a style at 
which I feel astonished now. I was 
obliged to learn by heart portions 
of the Koran (Mahomedan Bible), 
and had, mornings and evenings, to 
get through my devotions. If 
excited the least suspicion in the 
minds of those about me of being a 
Christian instant death would have 
inevitably followed. When I accom- 
panied the troops I was at one time 
on account of a hasty retreat I 
fortunately escaped, though at the 
time 1 was glad of the order, for my 
life then was well-nigh 

Nearly a month had elapsed 
thus, and reports were rife that the 
Commander-in- Chief of the Brit- 
ish forces, Sir Colin Campbell, was 
advancing effectually to relieve the 
garrison, and the way in which be 
afterwards achieved bis purpose 
has been acknowledged by all as 

“The Begum, with whom I was 
now putting up, wss a grim and 
suspicious woman, and, when 
thwarted or annoyed, acted with 
prompt cruelty. She understood 
well her position, and on rumours 
reaching her of the frequent defeat 
of her troops by the British, she 
was irritable to the fast degree. On 
the approach of the Commander- 
Chief her equanimity entirely 
forsook her. She treated me with 
great severity, and abused me 
frequently, calling me Kaffir, or 
unbeliever, a hypocrite, a shit, ami 
serpent who would yet sting her 
benefactors. Her treatment of me 
at last became crueL I tried to bear 
up with her 01 -humour as well as I 
could, for to have saida word to her 
would have been needless. Death, I 
knew fbH welL stared me in the face 
should my conduct be in the least 

“One morning she entered my 
apartments in a frantic state, ana 
commenced, as usual, calling xne 
smses. I thought it was one of her 
usual fits, but my eyes were opened 
when she said, ‘Your general is 
approaching, but will find it no 
easy task to take Lucknow, for we 
have done all in out power to 
strengthen our defences. Wretch 
you shall die rather than escape. I 
therefore advise you to prepare 
yourself today, and make your 
peace with Adah, for tomorrow at 
dawn of day you shall be shot' . . . 

Verbal shorthand 

From Mrs Nonna Bell 
Sir. My excited daughter phoned 
me from Oxford yesterday and 
had only time to blurt out, “Guess 
whati John got a one one. Sue got a 
two two and Anna Golla got a two 
two too!” before we were cut off. It 
took me several hours to figure it 

Have any of your readers re- 
ceived similar incongruous phone 

Yours faithfully. 


The Belfry, 

4 Somerset Road. 

Salisbury, Wiltshire. 

August 1 








August The Queen visited 
0> debank today to mark its 

The Queen disembarked from 
HM Yacht Britannia at Rothe- 
say Dock this morning and was 
received by Her Majesty's Lord- 
Lieu tenant Tor Dunbartonshire 
(Brigadier A.S. Pearson l. 

Her Majesty drove to 
U.l.E.Seoiland Lid and. having 
been received by the Managing 
Director tMr Joseph Craig), 
named a new Oil Rig "Mr Mac” 
and toured the Yard. 

The Queen then visited the 
premises of John Brown En- 
gineering Ltd (Chairman. John 
Brown pic, Mr A. C. Gormly) 
and afterwards visited St 
Margaret's Hospice (Sister Su- 
perior. Sister Joseph a). 

Her Majesty drove to Clyde- 
bank Shopping Centre and, 
having been received by the 
Vice-Chairman and Planning 
Convenor. Clydebank District 
Council (Councillor Mrs Mar- 
garet McGarry). walked through 
the Centre and unveiled a 
plaque, and a commemorative 
stone inaugurating the building 

of the Shopping Centre 

The Queen then toured 
Clydebank Business Park and 
visiLed Radio Clyde. 

Her Majesty was received by 
the Chairman. Radio Clyde (Mr 
(an Chapman) and the Manag- 
ing Director (Mr James Cor- 
don). and toured the premises. 

Afterwards The Queen 
honoured the Provost (Coun- 
cillor D. Grainger) with her 
presence at luncheon at Qyde- 
bank Town Hall. 

In the afternoon Her Majesty 
visited Dalmuir Park, toured 
the youth activities and sub- 
sequently embarked in HM 
Yacht Britannia. 

The Secretary of State for 
Scotland (the Right Hon Mal- 
colm Rilkind. MP. Minisier-in- 
Attcndance). the Hon Mary 
Morrision. Mr Kenneth Scott 
and Major Hugh Lindsay were 
in attendance. 

By command of The Queen, 
the Viscount Davidson (Lord in 
Waiting) was present at 
Heathrow Airport London this 
afternoon upon the departure of 
the Governor-General of Anti- 
gua and Barbuda and Lady 
Jacobs and bade farewell to 
Their Excellencies on behalf of 
Her Majesty. 

Clifford Longley 

Unique denial of human rights 

Appointments in 
the Forces 

Royal Navy 

Rt \R ADMIRAL. R I T Hooq lo be 
COS lo CINCFLECT. 25 11 86 
in Fw promoted Sura Hear Admiral 
■md lo be Surq Hiw Admiral (Support Snriicm Jan 87 
CAPTAIN A P Moran. Stair of 
C1NCFLCET. 10.10.86 
MOD 'Londoni. It 1 1 86. T. J Barton. 
ARGON ACT in Ond. 17 12 86: L C 
Hopkins. APPOLO in Cmd. 17.12.86. 
M A Janm. MOD 'London). 28.10 86: 
G B D Lane. Stall o> Cap! SM? os Cdr. 

14 1086. R I Money. SCYULA in 
Cmd. 10 12 86: M j Newer. MOD 
•Londoni. I 10.86 'Granted AHR of 
Ca Plain wtilai: J Roberts. MOD 
•Londoni. 26.9 86. M V T>lor. MOD 

• London i 1 o 86 

CHAPLAINS: D Bartow. Stall of CUT. 
7 1 ] 86. M Brother! on. Stall of CTU. 

15 II 86 

The Army 

Arlidoe RCT to US. 16 8.86. 

MAJOR GENERAL. J R Trmpier lo be 
A CDS UXnrepIsl MOO. 1 L 8 86. 
BRIGADIERS. J N s Drake lo be D 
Cnor Svrs tAl MOD. 19 8 86. □ L 
Mrejllirld lo be Dir dDM. 15 8.86. 
COLONELS. S T W Anderson 
iL BRlGi lo be a DA Appl 15 8 86: O 
J M LmdsHiy to MOD. 15 8 86: J N 
MarFarlaiie lo HO Sw Chest. 15 8.86: 
D H S L Maitland Tillerlon lo HQ 1 
Gp RAF. 1 5 8 86: T W Terry lo MOD. 
11.8 86 

__ R P 

^ 86. J Cater 

RA. lo MOD. 11.8 86: F N J Davies 
RA IO a DA Appl. 15.8.86: E H 
Houston CREN GDS. to HQ ACCENT. 
]4 8 8o- P H Kay HEME, to REME 
Oflrs Sen. 11.8 86: T R Kirkpatrick 
RE lo HQ BAOR. 11.8.86. R C Silk 
UTR. to Slaff College. 15 8.86: T C 
Villicrs IS 19H.lo HQ Uk'LF. 
II 886 

Colonel R B Bowden, lale RAOC. 
18 6 86 

Royal Air Force 

SHAPE. 15 B.86: W F Hughes lo HO 
RAF Germany. 9.8.86: D C Collins lo 
Harrooale. it 8 86. M K Balt lo 
HQSTC. 11 8 86. C D Alexander la 
HQ9TC. 1 1 8 86 

MOO. 4 8.86. H Blnns lo HO 
SACLANT. 4.8 86: M J Foeard lo 
RAF Church Fenton. 11.8.86: D F 
Marieod lo BDS Washington. 1 1 .8.86: 
R Brum. Ion lo MOD. 12 8.86: G P 
Carson as Sin Cdr RAF High 
W ycomhe. 11886: D J Hlgson lo 
RAF Hallon. 11 8 86 


Latest appointments include: 
Mr Geoffrey Inkin to be Chair- 
man of the Land Authority for 
Wales, in succession to Mr 
David Pryce Thomas, who is 
retiring. Mr Inkin will continue 
to be Chairman of the Cwmbran 
Development Corporation and 
a member of the Welsh 
Development Agency. 
Professor Eduardo Luigi 
Paolozzi. RA, to be Her 
Majesiv's Sculptor in Ordinary 
for Scotland, in succession to 
the late Mr Benno Schotz. 



The following have been ap- 
pointed officers of the 
Pew I cuts' Company: 

Master Sir GcofTrey Peacock: 
l T pper Warden: Mr P. Boggis- 
Rolfe: Renter Warden: Mr J. S. 

Award for 

By Charles Knerift 
Architecture Correspondent 

The Burrell Gallery in Glas- 
gow, a Roman Catholic 
church in Orpington. Kent, 
and the Royal Concert Hall in 
Nottingham are among seven 
architecture awards presented 
this year by the Royal I nsliluie 
of British Architects. 

Tfie Ismaili Centre in South 
Kensington, London, built for 
the Aga Khan Foundation, the 
restoration of the Old Vic 
Theatre in Waterloo, London, 
the Herman Miller warehouse 
in Chippenham, Wiltshireand 
the J.EL Conservation Cen- 
tre in Bramhall. Cheshire, are 
among 23 commendations. 

All the buildings were com- 
pleted between 1 978 and 
1983. Embarrassment caused 
in previous awards when 
buildings failed to live up to 
their expectations led lo the 
decision that they must have 
been in use for at least two 
years before they become 

The purpose of the RIBA 
architecture awards is to give 
public recognition to 
outstanding examples of cur- 
rent architecture and thereby 
to achieve greater public 
appreciation of good design. 
The award winners are: 

Armstrong Works, New- 
castle upon Tyne - Ryder 
Nickhn Partnership: toolshop 
for V & E Friedland Ltd, 
Reddish. Stockport - Derek 
Codling: Royal Concert Hall, 
Theatre Square. Nottingham - 
RHWL Partnership; Thurlow 
House. Cambridge - Cam- 
bridge Design; Roman Catho- 
lic Church of the Holy 
Innocence. Orpington. Kent - 
Michael Blee Design Partner- 
ship:' the Burrell Gallery. 
Pollok Park, Glasgow - Barry 
Gas son Architects: and Dun- 
dee Repertory Theatre, Dun- 
dee - Nicoll Russell Studio. 

If proof were needed ihaL the Church of 
England moves and breathes within the 
moral and intellectual atmosphere of 
English society generally, it would be 
the way the general synod debated the 
issue of sanctions against South Africa 
last month with no more reference lo 
the underlying moral and philosophical 
issues than has been made in the secular 
political argument in more recent 

it is the famous English bias against 
theoretical ideas, and dislike of moral 
argument. “Sanctions” have somehow 
become the touchstone of serious 
opposition to apartheid: it is enough 
that it is so. for gut-reactions to tine up 
for or against. 

An analytical philosophical or 
theological case for sanctions would 
have to start by establishing that there is 
something peculiar to apartheid, which 
lifts it out of the general category of the 
denial of human rights by other Iess- 
ihan-perfect regimes (against which 

sanctions are not proposed). And it 
would have to show that sanctions are 
precisely appropriate, and not just a 

The general synod supplied this son 
of careful analysis to the issue of nuclear 
weapons, and did a public service 
thereby: but not over sanctions. 

Apartheid is by its nature a profound 
denial of the unity of the human race. It 
originates in the Dutch Reformed 
Church's explanation of mankind's 
racial diversity, and its defence of the 
white race's innate superiority, relying 
upon far-fetched biblical evidence that 
the black races were cursed by God. 

. The Dutch Reformed Church no 
longer believes this, but South African 
society has retained the shape this belief 
gave iL and it is therefore still implicitly 
part of the ideology. And observers may 
judge that it continues to motivate 
white South African behaviour towards 
the black races. By the colour of their 
skins they are being excluded from their 
rightful membership of the human 

This denial of the unity of the human 
race contradicts the emerging moral 
consensus throughout the world. By 
virtue of modem technology, no one 
nation or people can be ignorant of the 

common humanity they share with 
those who are a little different; and they 
cannot be allowed that ignorance, or the 
very survival of mankind is pul at risk. 

No nation or people can therefore be 
autonomous and completely sovereign, 
living as if it alone existed. Its polluted 
rivers will flow, and its poisoned or 
radioactive air will blow, without regard 
for political or racial frontiers. Nor is 
there any scientific substance lo the 
division of mankind into races: their 
blood and tissue are totally interchanges 
able, and they are totally inter-fertile. 
Between different - even closely related - 
species of animal this is not so. 

But the unity of the human race is 
more than a scientific phenomenon ora 
political expedient it is an overwhelm- 
ingly strong moral instinct It is not 
questioned that entire local authority or 
government departments should have 
to turn out all their pockets and drawers, 
and senior officers face sharp interroga- 
tion in public, their careers at stake, in 
order lo explain the death of one small 
black baby, to whom they owed 

That is civilization, honouring the 
unity or the race. The unique feature of 
apartheid is that it denies that in 
principle; which is nothing like the same 
as not observing iL or not observing it 
very well, in practice. 

As a cause and as a consequence of 
this unity, all the peoples of tbe globe 
now contribute to the constant inter- 
national exchange of goods, persons, 
and cultures, thereby constituting a 
world community, and thereby sharing 
the benefits of civilization among' 
themselves. It is clear that while South 
African society has no right to belong or 
take part in this mutual exchange, for it 
denies its basic moral premise, in 
principle. Tbe price of membership of 
the world community is commitment to 
the unity of the race. 

Thus sanctions, meaning the forced 
withdrawal of white South African 
participation in the life of this commu- 
nity, are a singularly appropriate re- 
sponse. The moral character of 
sanctions is of the same order as the 
moral character of apartheid. Each in its 
way is an exclusion from sharing in tbe 

benefits of membership of tbe human 

But black South Africans do not 
deserve such exclusion, which is where 
the only possible moral case against 
sanctions arises. It is necessary, it is. 
said, to allow white South Africans to 
enjoy what they are not entitled to, in 
order that black South Africans should 
not suffer. 

To that there are two answers. The 
threat front sanctions to black South 
African welfare is essentially economic 
and material. It is the greater evil 
because it is a moral spiritual and 
religious evil, to deny their full human- 
ity. The rest of the world may certainly 
make that judgment, and chose the 
higher value. Such a choice canHOt .be 
called immoral. 

Group Captain Leonard Cheshire, 
VC. OM, was once asked whether RAF 
bombing crews would have been pre- 
pared to try to bomb the Auschwitz rail- 
heads and gas ovens, knowing That - 
apart from the risks to themselves - they 
would be bound to kill many of the Jews 
in the camp, and perhaps miss their 
targets too. He replied that he thought 
they would have done, provided they 
knew that the Jews in the camps had 
wanted them to. 

That is the second answer. So the 
political assessment has to be made, 
whether there is consent to sanctions in 
black South Africa, in spite of the likely 

The irony of apartheid's origins in 
biblical fundamentalism is that the 
story of Adam and Eve. if taken literally, 
is the clearest possible argument for the 
unity of the human race: all people of all 
races having common first parents. 
Though the story is now regarded as 
strictly mythical, human beings are so 
closely related that it is a myth which 
ought to be true. 

The story, as a moral parable, teaches 
that humanity is one enormous ex- 
tended family, with all the obligations of 
family membership. Race and national- 
ity are nothing in comparison; no real 
family would ever reckon them im- 
ponanL And it is by denying that that 
white South African society has no just 
claim on the rest of the family. That is 
the meaning of the ancient Christian 
penalty of excommunication. 

Latest wills 

Mr William Sleets, of Newbald. 
Nonh Humberside, farmer. left 
estate valued at £990.492 net. 




By Trudi McIntosh 

After 24 years of delighting 
steam engine endmsiasts, the 
Cadeby Light Railway and its 
unique Fat Clergyman's 
collection of memorabilia, 
built up by the late Rev Teddy 
Boston in his rectory gardens 
in Cadeby, Leicestershire, 
may have to be split op. 

His widow, Mrs Audrey 
Boston, pictured with Pixie, a 
Dagneli narrow gauge loco- 
motive, is determined to beep 
tbe collection intact despite 
plans to merge the parish of 
Cadeby with Market 
Bosworth, which would mean 
selling the rectory. 

“It would he heartbreaking 
to part with the collection 
which has become a landmark 
in this district", she said 

Mr Boston, inspiration for 
tbe Fat Clergyman in Thomas 
the Tank Engine and other 
tales of steam trains written by 
his friend, the Rev W. V. 
Awdry, died last April 

More than 10,000 people 
visit Cadeby every year to 
admire his Great Western 
Railway model and traction 

Mrs Boston hopes the 
twenty-fourth Market 
Bosworth Traction Engine 
Rally, to be held at Cadeby 
next weekend, will not be the 


- Mr T.M. Compton 
ami Miss M.B. Nazareth 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Timothy. youngest son 
of Mr and Mrs AJA. Compton 
of Rook ley. Isle of WighL and 
Melanie, eldest daughter of " ‘ 
Justice Nazareth. CBE. and Mrs 
G.P. Nazareth, of Hong Kong. 

Mr HA. Rae 
and Miss C.A. Love 
The engagement is announced 
between Russell, youngest son 
of Mr and Mrs Patrick Rae. of 
Halstead. KenL and Charlotte, 
youngest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Dudley Love, of 
Walberswick, Suffolk. 

Mr D.H. Shemlng 
and Miss C.A. Fetherstoo 
The engagement is announced 
between Douglas, youngest son 
of Mr and Mrs Desmond 
Sberning. of Hawkes Bay. New 
Zealand, and Catherine, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs James 
Fetherston, of Wimbledon, 
London. SW19. 

Birthdays today 

Mr Don Boyd, 38: Professor J. 
R. S. Fincham. 60: Professor 
Alun HoddinotL 57; Lord 
Houghton of Sowerby, CH, 88; 
Professor A. N. Jeffarcs. 66: Dr 
Aaron KJu& 60. Dame Jean 
Lancaster. 77; Mr Raymond 
Leppard, 59; Miss Anna Mas- 
sey. 49: Vice-Admiral J. J. R. 
Oswald. 53; Lord Poole, 75; Sir 
Michael Quinlan. 56; General 
Sir Charles Richardson, 78; the 
Right Rev J. L. Thompson, 50, 
Miss Peggy Thorpe- Bales, 72; 
Mr Eric Varley. 54; Professor Sir 
Angus Wilson. 73. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

£4 a Dm + 15% VAT 

I minimum 3 lines) 

Vnriimnvcmrniv aui hen ncaicd hy ihc 
name and permanent addms oi the 
wittier, nut he sent ur. 

PO BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 9XS 

or telephoned telephone uibv 
uh'n unit) to. 01-481 3823 

AnniHincrmcmv can be rrecitcd In 
u-k-phoiw between l.OOam and 
' .Urpin MumJat to Friday, on Salur- 
•lav between »(dam and 12 noon. 
(01-481 4000 »*♦»). For publication the 
hrlkiwing da> b> 1.30pm. 

etc on t'mm am] Social Pice C6 1 bn 
TS*. VA t. 

I ourl and Social Pap: annoucctncnu 
ran im be accepted h% telephone. 
Lisiuirtis in 11-822 99u 
falter injfbinL nr *end lo: 

1 PemaHjtofl stool Uodon El 9XN. 

Dove' allow at lea si 48 hourt before 

SliPiinlti .md honour are nrr rMmna: and 
Utr Mi .ill rrraur in limn to caw 
Prow-rh*. 3| 25 


oi L c H . to Sarah and Kildare, a 
diiunhirr. Thra Anne. 

BK1 SHALL On 6 U 1 Auqusi. lo Simon 
and Clare, a son. Alexander Robert 
Hon PTL 

NOWARTH ■ on Tib August 1986 lo 
Gillian ■ nee Lwi and Tony of Lyiham 
Si Anne*, a daughter. Hannah 

KNIGHT on 5lh August to Belinda liter 
Rilttiiei and Jonathan, a son Alexan 
tier Ccnttri'v 

LOMAX On ah August, al Min. Sara- 
wak. lo Brtqid and Alan. Amanda 
Jane, a siahrr (Or Alice and Adde 

LUKE On 1st August. 1886. (0 Roger 
and Julie ince Rcidt. a daughter. 
Siephanic Alter Maud 

MAUDE on 30th July, m Hong Kong io 
0*a and Chnsiopher. a son George 
Simon, a brother (or Kit and Anna 

PARSONS On Ttti August, lo Richard 
and Lnm. a son. Jonathan Edward, 
brother tor Emma. Andrew and 

KEFFEUL On August Srd to Kim cnee 
CokKworitn i and Simon, a daugh- 
ter Mjno-CJalre 

ROGERS on 1st August lo Alison inee 
Barken and Marlin a son Jeffrey 

SACARELLO On August 7!ti lo Sarah 
i nee Bellamy) and Joe. a daughter. 
Amelia Ann. a stster for Sophie. 

STEWART On 3rd August at the Royal 
Free Hospital to Pamela mec Wind- 
ham) and Nicholas, a daughter Olivia 
Elizabeth Margaret, a stster lor 
Sc nan and Rosalind. 

TREACY - On 5th August lo Marilyn 
and Afian. a son. Adam, a brother 
for Tnslan. 


91h August. 1 986. ai Christ Church. 
Wimbledon. Paul Anthony Freeman 
lo Diana Jean Gibson Horrocks. 


BELOE, on Auqusi 7lh 1986. Rulh El- 
eanor aged 82 al Zeals. Wills. 
Beloved wife of Cvni. younger 
daughicr or the lale Prebendary WP 
and Mrs Cromie of London and dear- 
ly lotcd Aunl. Funeral Service at SI 
Manins. Zeals on Tuesday 12th Au- 
gust at 1 45pm. No Rowers please. 
Donations Id. Royal National LnsO- 
lule tor ihc Blind. 

HERMNGTOH. William Majlflon - On 
5lh August. 1986 aged 91. peacefully 
al Mayfield House. UpitooK. Much 
lovnl father, grandfather and great 

OE saram. On Augusi 7. Rev Canon. 
R S. do Saram, O.B.E.. Warden of SI 
Thomas' College. Mount LavtnLa. Srt 
Lanka, from 1932 lo 195a. 

DINGWALL On Augusi 7th. 1986. 
peacefully in hospnai. Ertc John 
Dingwall. M.A.. DSc.iLdnl. 

Ph.D.fLdm. Anthropologist and 

Author, aged 96 years. Cremation at 
Hastings Crematorium on Thursday. 
Augusi 2lsi at 12 noon. No (towers 
but. If desired, donations Io Cancer 

HAWES On August 7ih In his 95Ui 
year. Manr General Leonard Arthur 
Hawes CB.E. DSO. MC. D.L. 
Much ioicd lather, grandfather and 
greai-grandfaiher FuneraL Halting 
Church au 2 30 p.m. on Friday. Au- 
gust isth Family (lowers only 

HOLDER On August 6th. peacefully 
in Bexhill Hospital. Mary, beloved 
wile of James, much loved mother of 
jennie and Tony and special Nana to 
Ben and Josephine- Cremation al 
Eastbourne on Friday, August 15Ui 
al 2 30 pm 

H OIL OCHS on August 8th 1 986. Fred- 
erick Thomas, at home in 
Oxfordshire afler a long illness. Cre- 
mation at Oxford Crematorium. 
Thursday Augusi 14th at 2 pm. 
Flowers io Sole Bros Ltd. Chipping 

HOLT on August 7lh 1 986. suddenly at 
home. Marlorte. Widow of Erie, 
dearly loved Mother of John and 
Margaret and Grannie of Penny. 
Tim. Paddy and Lucy. Funeral Ser 
vice to be held at United Reformed 
Church. Church St- Epsom, on Fri- 
das-. Augusi 15th. al 11.30 am 
followed by private cremation. Fam 
111 flowers only, but donations If 
desired lo The United Reformed 
Church. Church SI. Epsom. Surrey. 

MALCOLM On August 2nd. 1986. sud- 
denly at her home In London. Muriel 
May. eldest daughter of the lale Mr 
and Mrs C. Malcolm of Chllcote. A 
dearly loved stster. Lieutenant Colo- 
nel Salvation Army. Retired Area 
Nursing Officer iMldwtfery). former 
Matron of the Mother's Hospital. Fu- 
neral at Si Thomas' Church. Wells. 
Somerset, on August 12th. 1986. at 
2.30 pm. followed tor Interment at 
Horrington Churchyard. 

PALMER. Joan Catherine (Me Le 
PeUey). MA lOxonk Dtp.Lib.. 
A. LA- of 6A Milton RoatL 
Harpenden. Herts. Dearly betoied 
wife of John and mother of Mary 
and Michael, on August 6th. 1986 at 
the age of 57. after a tong Illn e s s . 
Funeral Service at St. Nicholas 
Church. Harpenden on Thursday. 
August ldth at l JO pm. followed by 
cremation at west Herts Cremaion- 
uri at 2.05 pm. All enaulrtes and 
floral tributes to W GoodchOd * 
Sons. 7-j l Catherine Street St. Al- 
bans. Herts. Tel. SL Albans 53177. 

RUTHERFORD on Augusi 8Ui 1986 al 
home In his 90lh year. Edwin 
Vickerman. Funeral al Coin St Den- 
nis Church. Fowbrtdgc 1 1 ,05am On 
Wednesday 13th AuguSL 

5EARLE - On 7th August peacefully at 
home- Ronald Spencer, aged 88. Be- 
loved husband of Lorna tnee 
Norrington). father of Pat RUey. Cre- 
mation private. Donations, if desired, 
to The National Children's Home. 
c/0 E.R. Htclouou * Son. 4i Grove 
Hill Road. TunBrtdge Wells. Kent. 

SP ENCER on August 9th. peacefully, 
Winn if red Anna, of Brawn Knowe. 
Green ha ugh. Hexham, widow of 
James Seymour spencer Cremation 
private. No flowers, donations if de- 
sired to the Multiple Sclerosis 
society. C/0 Mr W Gngg. 9. The 
Riggs. Corbrtdge. Northumberland. 
Service of Thanksgiving to be an- 
nounced later 

STANRER On August 7Ut. peacefully 
at Maiwrmead Nursing Home For 
Retired Clergy. HindheatL Surrey. 
Tbe Rev william H Aged 84. Latter- 
ly Vicar of wustead. Bedfordshire 
Service m the Chapel at Manormead 
on Thurday August i4th at 2.13 pm. 
followed by cremation ai Guildford. 
Family Flowers, simple bunches or 
sheases. no wr earns to Gould & 
Chapman Ltd. CrayshotL Htndhead. 

STOMEHAM Winifred Frances Helen 
suddenly on 7th August, much loved 
mother of Maria. Anna. Richard and 
Elizabeth- Grandmother of Louise. 
Peter and Christopher and their fam- 
ilies. Requiem Mass 12 noon on 
Thursday Mih August at Clifton Ca- 
thedral Bristol Family flowers only 

Mr A.T. Kendall 
and Miss FJ.L Matheson 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at Holy Trinity. 
Loddon. Norfolk. of’Mr Andrew 
Kendal), elder son of Mr and 
Mrs John Kendall, of 
Danybryn. Vaynor. Merthyr 
Tydfil. Glamorgan, and Miss 
Fiona Matheson. vaunger 
daughter of Major and ’the Hon 
Mrs Fergus Matheson. of 
Hednham Old Rectory, Nor- 
folk. The Right Rev Hugh 
Blackburne officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Mauhew Jones. 
Charles Thompson. Fergus 
Dun i pace. Alexander Wynn. 
Mara Thompson. Charlotte and 
Emma Willoughby. Kaly and 
Isabella Criichley-Salmonson 
and Lucinda Holloway. Mr Guy 
Henderson was best man. 

Mr A. Elphiaston 
and Miss R. M. Dmraett 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday ai Uie Church of St 
Swiihun. Sand ford, of Mr 
Alexander Elphinsion. eldest . 
son of Sir John and Lady 
Elphinsion of Glack. of 
Nonhwich. Cheshire, and Miss 
Rulh DunneiL elder daughter of 

the Rev Robert and Mrs 

Dunned, of Edgbasion. Bir- 
mingham. The Rev Robert 
DunneiL father of the bride, 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by Mr John DunneiL 
was attended by Benjamin 
Dunneu. Mary Hphinsione and 
Miss Elizabeth DunneiL Mr 
Charles Elphinstone was best 

Mr W.R.G. Hammer 
and Miss E.A. Taylor 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday al Si Mary's. 
Gloucestershire, of Mr Guy 
Hanmer. eldest son of Sir John 
and Lady Hanmer. of Hanmer. 
Whitchurch. Shropshire, and 
Miss Elizabeth Taylor, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Neil 
Taylor, of Frampion-on-Sevcm. 
Gloucestershire. The Rev Peter 
Chevsman and the Rev Gerald 

Dav ies officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 


marriage by her father, was 
attended by Marc Reed- 
Felstead. Jessica Clifford, Lucy 
Lombe-Taylor, Arabella 
Higham. Natasha Higham and 
Antonia Bucknail. Mr Charles 
Bathurst was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home. of the bride, and the, 
honeymoon win be . spent 

Major A. J. Stonnonth Darling 
and Miss G. Menzies- Wilson 
The marriage look place on 
Saturday at St Andrew's, Old. 
near Northampton, of Major 
Angus John Stormonth Darling. 
The Royal Scots Dragoon 
Guards, son of Sir James and 
Lady Stormonlh Darling, of 
Dirieton. East Lothian, and 
Miss Gillian Elizabeth Menzies- 
Wilson. daughter of Mr and Mrs 

William Menzies- Wilson, of 
Old, Northamptonshire. The 
Rev F. P. Baker officiated. 

The bride was given in mar- 
riage by her father and Mr 
Charles Haswcll was best -man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon will be spent in 
Scotland and abroad. 


Mr G.D. Jones 

and Miss F-S.I- Miller- 

The marriage look place on 
Saturday. August 2, at St Peters 
Church. Spexhall, of Mr Gerard 
Jones, second son of Mr John 
Jones and -Mrs LJ. Jones, of 
Cardiff, and Miss Sarah Miller- 
Wiiliams. elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Dennis Miller-Wii- 
iiams. of Spexhall Suffolk. 

Captain WJH. DanieU 
and Miss N. Artesani'Lyons 
The marriage took place on 
Monday. August 4. at Chelsea 
Old Church . between. Captain 
William Hebden Danieli. First 
The Queen's Dragoon Guards, 
youngest son of Captain Chris- 
topher Danieli. of Presteigne. 
Herefordshire, and- Mrs Felicity- 
Danieli; of Claphitm; London, 
and Miss Nadine Elizabeth. 
Anesam'-Lyons. only daughter 
of Mr Richard Artesani- Lyons, 
of Madrid. Spain, and Mrs 
Charles Brown, of Tenerife. 
Canary islands. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Caroline Bas- 
set and Miss Sophie Middlemas. 
Mr Tim Wilson. First The 
Queen's Dragoon Guards, was 
best man. 

A reception was held at the 
Huriingham Club, and the 
honeymoon will be spent 

Dr TJJ. Morris 
and Miss K.V.A. Booth 
The marriage look place on 
August 2, 1986. at Little Mal- 
vern Priory of Dr Timothy R. 
Morris, only son of Mr and Mrs 
Wyndham Moms, of Bumham- 
on-Sea, and Miss Keren V.A. 
Booth, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Victor H.A. Booth, of 
Malvern. The Rev.J.E.T Cox 

The bride was attended by 
Miss Joy Bowes and Miss 
Carolyn Moms. Dr Martin 
field was best man. 

Mr SJP. Rhodes 
and Miss B.L. Evendon 
The marriage look place on 
Saturday. August 9. at Ealing 
Green Church. London, be- 
tween Mr Steven Philip Rhodes, 
son of Mr and Mrs PJ. Rhodes, 
of Solihull and Miss Brigitte 
Liliane Evcndon, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs P.R_ 
Evendon. of Les Milles. France. 
The Rev Ralph Eveleigh offici- 
ated and Mr John Parrott was 
best man. 

Mr RJXP.M. Vereker ' 
and Miss P J. Stocks 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. August 9. at the 
Church of $t Pancras, West 
Bagborough. of Mr Rupert 
Vereker, son of Mr Stanley 
Vereker. of London. ' and Mrs 
Valerie Vereker, of Corsham. 
and Miss Philippa Stocks, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Geof- 
frey Stocks, of. West 
Bagborough. The Rev Charles 
Townshend officiated: 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Rosie Thrower. 
Thomas Vereker and Miss 
Kauina Hall. Mr . Richard 
Old worih was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
OhJ Rectory and the .honey- 
moon will be spent abroad. 


Ecology and pest control 

professor Glen Willard 
Schaefer, who had been Direc- 
tor of the Ecological Pbw 
Research Group at Cranfield 
Institute of Technology since 
1975, died on July 25 after a 
long illness. He was 56. 

He had done distinguished 
work in nuclear physics before 
turning to the ecological inter- 
ests which were to be domi- 
nant in the latter part of his 
life. ^ 

Born in Kitchener, Ontario, 
on May 25. 1930. he devel- 
oped a deep interest in natural 
history in his early years. But 
his ability in mathematics and 
physics also blossomed and he 
gained a BA (1st Class) and 
MA degrees in Mathematical 
Physics at the University of 

He came to this country in 
1953 to do a PhD at the 
University of Birmingham, 
and remai ned, at traded by the 
stimulating intellectual atmo- 
sphere he found here. 

Having- completed his re- 
search degree in Quantum 
Electrodynamics, he went into 
industry in 1956 with the 
English Electric company, 
where he developed the basic 
physical models for under- 
standing the behaviour of 
nuclear power reactors. 

His interests in the living 
world continued - especially 
his studies of bird migration 
and flight mechanics - and 
had, by 1966, become domi- 
nam. He then formed the 
Biophysics Research Unit in 
the University of Loughbor- 
ough, where, using a tracking 
radar, he was able to measure 
the flight characteristics of 

individual birds, gathering 
much useful data on wingbeat 
frequencies and migration 

He also turned his attention 
10 the economic problems 
created by migrant pests, in- 
cluding locusts in Africa and 
Australia. He worked too. for 
the Canadian Forestry De- 
partment. helping to control 
the Spruce Bud worm Moth 
which attacks spruce trees. By 
refining his work -on radar 
analysis he was able to show 
for the first time the scale and 
intensity of insect migration 
and its relation to atmospheric 

The research group had 
moved to Cranfield in 1975. 
and he was given the status of 
a professor. At Cranfidd he 
worked on problems associat- 
ed with the dispersal of agri- 
cultural sprays. His concern 
was to reduce the damage to 
the environment and to hu- 
man beings. 

A lifelong Christian Scten- 
tisL he was latterly exploring 
the relationship between 
Christian Science healing and 
what is normally underatood 
bv science, with the aim of 
developing an expanded view 
of natural philosophy. 

Glen Schaefer was a stimu- 
lating colleague who enjoyed 
an intellectual challenge. 
Philosophical by nature, he 
was dynamic in his approach 
to his work, to which he 
devoted a great deal of time 
and mental energy. 

He married, in 1964, Mary 
Malecka. They had a son and a 
daughter. The marriage was 
dissolved in 1981. 


Dr Frederick Hallis. barris- 
ter and author of Corporate 
Personality ; died on August 3. 
He was 85. 

Bom in Port Elizabeth, 
South Africa, of emigrant 
parents from Vienna, he grad- 
uated from Grahamstown 
University, and then went to 
Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar at 
Balliol. There he look his 

A member of the Inner 
Temple, he was called to the 
Bar in 1927, and in 1930 
published his study in juris- 
prudence, Corporate Personal- 

ity. This was reprinted in 1978 
and has recently been translat- 
ed into Japanese. 

For over 40 years, with a 
break for war service in the 
Royal Artillery, he was a head 
of chambers in the Temple 
with a substantial common 
law and commercial practice. 
His strength and reputation as 
a practitioner were based on 
the great care and attention he 
gave to paper work. Cases, he 
maintained, could be won or 
lost on the pleadings. 

In 1933 he married Helga 
Slang, who survives him with 
one son of the marriage. 


Mr Clifford Harper, who 
died on August 3, aged 85, was 
one of the last headmasters of 
the 1930s who guided their 
schools through evacuation. 
Later he did much for educa- 
tional exchanges with France 
and the United States. • 

Educated at Shrewsbury 
and Christ Church. Oxford, he 
was briefly a traffic apprentice 
on the old London and North 
Eastern Railway, before teach- 
ing at Stowe and at Bedford 

In 1932 he was appointed 
Headmaster of Ring Edward 
VI School Southampton, and 
in 1939 he Supervised the 
school's evacuation to Poole, 
where it remained for the 
duration of the war. . 

In 1946, with the school 
restored to Southampton, 
Harper resigned his appoint- 
ment to become a school 
inspector and was appointed 
Metropolitan Divisional In- 
spector in 1952. 

After fils retirement in 1960 
he was for five years chairman 
and director of the British 
Committee for the Inter- 
change of Teachers with the 

He was appointed Offider 
d'Acaderaie for his services to 
Anglo-French cultural 

His first wife. Georgette, 
died in 1977. Three years later 
he married Margaret Benezra, 
who survives him, with two 
daughters of his first marriage. 

Sdence report 

‘New cells for old’ 
heal wounds 

By Barry Shurlock 

Cells from young people are 
being ttsed to make biological 
dressings for treating non- 
healing wounds in elderly 
people, whose own cells mul- 
tiply too slowly. 

Skin cells from the donor 
are grown several layers deep 
in culture and then fixed to the 
surface of the dressings, which 
are used like conventional slrin 

The new grafts (called cnl- 
tured allografts) conld be a 
significant advance for many 
of the 300,000 people in the 
UK who are estimated to 
suffer from leg ulcers, accord- 
ing to skin specialist Dr Irene 
Leigh, who leads the team 
which is developing the new 
treatment at the London Hos- 
pital, Whitechapel. 

"eg ulcers are generally a 
problem of the elderly: they 
often do not respond to con- 
ventional treatment and may 
cause pain and discomfort over 
many years. The new allo- 
grafts have been shown to 
relieve pain within 24 boars 
and to promote healing in 
abont 60 to 70 per cent of 

The discovery that the 
grafts are not generally re- 
jected, despite . consistn^* of 
“foreign” cells, came as a 
surprise to the London grou p, 
whose work was prompted by 
what where regarded as in- 
credible claims by Dr Jack 
Hefton, the man who first nsed 
cultured allografts In 1983 at 
Cornell University, New York. 

The London studies follow 
earlier work on cultured skin 
cells which showed that grafts 
grown from patients' own slrim 
cells (called autografts) can be 
used effectively to heal teg 
ulcers, bums, wounds, ^ 
other serious Iqjnries. How- 
ever, the snag with autografts 
, tiie cells of many 
elderly people have lost the 
ability to replicate rapidly fa 
culture. 7 

This problem has been over- 
come in the allograft technique 


». . 

irl.m ( r. 


i : 



by using cells taken from 
young women undergoing 
breast reduction and other 
forms of cosmetic surgery. 

Examples of cases in which 
cultured allografts have been 
nsed with great success at the 
London Hospital were pre- 
sented recently by Dr Tania 
Phillips at a meeting of the 
British Association of 
Dermatologists, held at Shef- 
field University. 

A typical case was that of an 
elderly patient who had -been 
suffering continuously since 
1970 from ulceration, includ- 
ing two attempts at skin 
grafting. The ulcers would not 
heal said Dr Phillips. With 
the use of cultured allografts, 
healing was achieved after a 
few weeks and is still main- 
tained after a year, she said. 

The apparent lack of rejec- 
tion. which is found in about 
half of the allografts, . is 
thought to be due to the 
absence of the Lunger bans 
cells, which are not supported 
in culture. They play a major 
role promoting rejection by 
recognizing foreign antigens in 
the skin. 

The researchers are not yet 
sore w hether the allograft cdls 
become incorporated into the 
patient's tissues or act as a 
biological dressing for long 
enough to allow their own skin 
cells to grow over the wound. 

Dr Leigh said: “We suspect 
that they Take* initially and 
are then gradually replaced by 
the recipient's slrin cells with- 
out any rejection episode." 

Some skin specialists have 
suggested that the promising 
rtsolts reported by the London 
poup are a placebo effect due 
to the closer attention given to 
patients, but Dr Phillips re- it 
rates this. 

If she is right, there are 
many thousands of elderly 
patients who will eventually 
benefit, together with their 
t*Ps and district nurses, whose 
semces are at present needed 
for regular dressing of wounds. 

1 r 


iv and 

*> W .j; 

c °nii 


.‘■•j: 1%,.. 

■* is 


.!'• 45 

’ 1'^ ?• • A Scot is oqt without honour in 

■ ; bis own country —nor, indeed, 

‘-i%. , i in Nicaragua. San Marino or 
I,*!" u *ti S the Turks and Caicos, ad of 
... ^ ,1 '' ahjj * which have honoured Arthur 
Conan Doyle by producing 


Post of 

> h • • 

‘"Vvt postage stamps bearing the 

•w r : iaf Hi 

“i* 4S Hi. 

:;.i f::-. 

• • m I'.-V) 


• I likeness of his most famous 

i-! fictional character. A pretty 

■'■‘■it.lj teniMns book on which to hang 
‘ ' r - | af K j7S 1 a three-part series on cek- 
' •‘"■■I'li ik« 11 & brated Scots, but The Stamp of 
" \i Greatness (Channel 4) tamed 

1 M ' l,,, hw ir ^! out. to be something more 
1,1 ‘Sn.T \ worthwhile than a “tiny per- 

' !*i | .^ Of. forated portrait”. 

■' -lv , |t. '? Conan Doyle's literary 
r " l,:; iv-i!i ^ innovations were matched by 
2n i i the military improvements for 

• ( v which he lobbied — the steel 

“ :% helmet, the inflatable rubber 

: " r 'siM ' % life-raft, the Home Guard — 
:> \,, Ti p hoi not to mention such minor 
:■ 'V achievements as introdudng 
u "'. 1 U| W cross-country skiing to Switz- 
. IR .. k* erhuid: the man must have had 
. . .u''. * energy, imagination and not a 

• • . .. N,pt " little chutzpah. Iain Cutb- 

bertson suggested at least the 
ft * u ‘ Chi first of these qualities, and the 
.. ,"* u ^ ifijL dramatized vignettes of the 
" n ’“ h - n 3 ^ reaHife miscarriages of justice 
,n hu to which Oman Doyle applied 
uC his talents did their job pro- 
;■ -’■■■ a o^, fldently enough. 

? lT?l The strange case of the 
j hr ; ' r - j'Xt i Berlin Wall: Beam i Sends Her 
I L ’ r, ‘ ^ ; ^ Love (Channel 4) was a grip- 
r '' p'mg and at times moving 

' " ' V| account of the escape industry 
I \ j I f C , which has brought hundreds 
■'M.IJ of East Germans to the West 
4i . since August 1961. Tacked on 
to the film-dips of escapees 
i Ivtuj- jumping into firemen's blan- 
kets and the border guard 

,*. ; .^Thi • 

“ ■' ‘iT iij, . 

For two months during the 
summer Verona lies in thrall 
to the potent gods of opera; 

John Higgins reports on 
Verdi’s Unoallo in maschera 
and Giordano’s Andrea 
Chenier in the famous Arena 

The secret of 

Luis Lima, undeterred by the weight of all 
about him, with the sparky and secure 
Aihta Ferrarini in Uit barn in maschera 

Eduardo Cianella, a poet handsome in 
figure and voice, in Andrea Chenier 

Theatre in London 

Dramatic truths 

The Garden Girls 


-■Tl. It ' 7?, 
: . ' 1,1 
■ ■ .*■ Jl At!,-, 

•••■i Sir... 

' " ,l ' IVti fr 

• - '0\ t 

■ I Tl hi-u 5 .' 
' n 

• -iJmal r 

>•' *-rt 
• •<-•!: 

'•* si-r- r ;i 

ditching his rifle and making a 
bolt for it were interviews -with 

the leading tnnnelers and per- 



As in the best Stalag-Lnft' 
stories, the hairy moments 
were decorated with comical 
elements, particularly the 
gross, bearded, Urdentsch 
refugee who fell in with an 
organization who blacked him 
up like a village- ball Othello 
and whisked him out on a 
Gambian passport. 

One tends to respond to this 
kind of narrative by wishing 
that the ingenuity, resource- 
fulness and sheer courage 
might have been put to better 
use, but then one also wishes, 
on the occasion of the Waifs 
twenty-fifth anniversary, that, 
the thing had never been buflt 

Certain things never change in Ve- 
rona. There are the myriad sellers of 
soft seats, who could be on 
secondment from Lord's. And at 
9 pjn. sharp, a quarter of an hour 
later in July when on some evenings 
darkness never seems to fell, there are 
the thousands of candles simulta- 
neously lit by the audience in the 
upper tiers: votive offerrmgs to the 
great god Opera who rules in this city 
for two summer months. Take a look 
at the wings of the Arena dose to the 
stage: if there is a full glow then it is 
likely to be an Aida night, but if the 
wauage is low then the opera is an 
unpopular one. 

Aida is, to be sure, present this year, 
but one or two othfr works in the 
repertory are not Verona favourites. 
Verdi's Un baiio in maschera, for 
instance, has been heard in only one 
of the past twenty seasons. But then 
Dan Pasquaie has never been given at 
the Arena and L’elisir da more only 
once, back in 1936. No, this is not a 
great place for humour: it modi 
prefers spectacular dramatic strokes 
sweeping across the massive playing 

Un balk) in maschera looked at the 
start as though it might collapse 
under the sheer weight of scenery 
during the first act despite a very 
sizeable wattage glow coming from 
the audience. The Governor’s res- 
idence — the opera was given in -the 
Boston version — with its massive 
grey walls looked more like the state 
penitentiary. Ulrica's cave was 
equally sumptuous in glaucous col- 
ours to match her-costume. a .throw- 

back to the Palladium panto days 
when Aladdin really was Aladdin. But 
Pietro ZuffL who combines the roles 
of director and designer, had delib- 
erately built on the darkness so that 
he could light every tight on stage 
shortly before midnight for the 
masked ball itself turning the Arena 
into some heavenly Versailles. The 
audience was duly dazzled. 

Luis Lima, the Riccardo, declined 
to be depressed by the weight of all 
around him, including the massive 
chunks of very un-Bostonian statu- 
ary. The part sounds just right for him 
at this point in his career, with the 
voice carrying enough lightness for 
the Fisherman’s song, “Di tu se 
fedete". and a sufficiency of maturity 
for the Act 111 “Ma se m*6 forza”. 
This was in every way a most 
engaging performance, with the tim- 
bre cutting cleanly across the Arena. 
Lima has always looked the tenor 
most likely to break the Verdi 
monopoly held so long by Domingo. 
Carreras and Pavarotti: this Riccardo 
will have done his chances nothing 
but good. 

duced. but he puts little character into 
the voice. Renaio becomes just 
another baritone role, rather than the 
man of integrity driven to murder. 

There were far more impressive 
contributions from Alida Ferrarini. a 

sparky and secure Oscar, and Gail 
Gilmore, who turns the sorceress 

Gilmore, who turns the sorceress 
Ulrica into a true basso pro/undo part, 
h seems only Russia and black 
America nowadays breed the true 
contralto voice and Miss Gilmore's 
tones really do sound as though they 
come from some distant abyss. 
Gustav Kuhn's control of the or- 
chestra was firm enough. He is not 
exactly though the master of the light 
touch and might lake a tip or two 
from Luis Lima on the mercurial 
aspects of Verdi's score. 

I vMuany sumptuous in glaucous coi 
1 Via Aim cropper I ours to match her-costume, a 'throw 

Promenade Concerts 

Brilliance wasted 5 

The Amelia and Renaio both gave 
much more routine interpretations. 
Maria Chiara is an experienced 
Verona hand, knowing exactly where 
to position herself on stage to achieve 
maximum vocal effect, which she 
duly did for “Motto, ma prhna in 
grazia”. but the result was still 
uncomfortably lumpy, with some 
notes swelling and others close to 
disappearance. Silvano Carroll's 
tones are much more evenly, pro- 

The previous evening Gianluigi 
Gelmeui had given a much more 
impressive — and persuasive — 
account of Giordano's Andrea Che- 
nier. which is almost as much a rarity 
here as Balia Attilio Colonello. 
another to combine the directorial 
and design functions, created a series 
of massive assemblies on stage, 
whose functions were often far from 
clear. Just as Zuffi had numbers of 
spear-carriers hanging around Rio- 
cardo's house in Baiio. so Colonello 
employed an army of topiarists 
snipping away Maddalena di Coig- 
ny's garden: they were later to change 
into revolutionaries. And when 
Maddalena and Andrea do finally 
march off to the scaffold, with 
Giordano’s soaringly defiant duet of 
love, they could, haye been going 

away to yet another well attended 

Chenier began w ith a very glossy 
cast: Caballe. Carreras. Bruson. This 
month the level is a bit less starry, and 
notable mainly for Eduardo Cianella 
in the title role. After a stirring 
improvriso in Act 1 the audience 
cheered him and Gelmetti into an 
encore, and that left the tenor 
dangerously short of stamina for the 
Act IV poem, which went adrift. But 
in between Cianella presented a poet 
handsome in figure and voice — 
another tenor on the wav up. 

Both Giovanna Casolla and 
Alessandro Cassis as Maddalena and 
Gerard, the soprano and baritone on 
opposite sides of the political spec- 
trum. could have done with more 
vocal projection. Casolla tends to 
graininess in the timbre and Cassis 
could have used a bit more dcclama- . 
tion in “Nemico della patria”. Both 
would surely have sounded better in a 
less demanding space, but here it is 
the big effects that rule. 

A couple of evenings later I 
dropped into a town hall on Lake 
Garda where some aspirant singers 
were showing their paces — entrance 
free and house full. “Forza c 
coraggio!” was the frequent advice of 
the MC as they waded into the Italian 
operatic repertoire. And those words 
sum up just what is needed at Verona. 

uncommonly large num- 
ber of donors arc thanked for 
goods and sen ices supplied to 
the Bush for their admirable 
production of Jacqueline Hol- 
borough's first full-length 
play. The list begins with turf, 
old woodworking tools and a 
Bruce Springsteen T-shin. and 
moves down through trellis 
and vodka, bread, brick sins 
and a green pepper. Large 
branches arc acknowledged, 
cinders, red day. \ermiculrte 
and eventually ferns, a sundial 
and wine-gums. 

Two girls are lying on ihe 
neat garden turf, inches away 
from the audience, when the 
lights go up. Mary is (ailing in 
make herself read a hook and 
Barbara, known as Dog. sun- 
bathes. topless, with her 
I breasts pressed down on the 
grass. The dialogue, after an 
initial qualm, is going to 
centre around well-bred self- 
do ubis. A coloured girl 
bounds in. jumps on the 
sunbaiher and makes olt with 
her Bruce Springsteen shirt. 

Dog crawls and cringes in a 
panic that at first seems out of 
all proportion to the mishap. 
Nobody offers to lend the girl 
any covering until Aggie (Do- 
reen Mamie), glumly imdcing 
back from the duekpond.' ex- 
changes her vest (or the prom- 
ise of bath-soap. We are in a 
women's open prison and the 
girls work in its gardens. The 
play follows the lives of five of 
them through a summer that 
begins with the refusal of 
parole to one of them and ends 
with another's release. 

The author's first one-act 
play, eight years ago. won the 
Koestler Award, given each 
y ear for an artwork created by 
a prisoner. She formed Clean 
Break, a touring company of 
women former prisoners^ in 
the following year and has 
been with them ever since. I 
have not seen her previous 
work for stage or television 
but the titles suggest that her 
prison experience is present in 
all of them. Her knowledge of 
this world within the world is 

dearly comprehensive and 
one accepts the naturalistic 
detail without question. 

Totally convincing also are 
the lambent comments that 
conjure up the pam and worry, 
hut the author is considerably 
more interesting than a docu- 
mentary writer with u good 
ear. Scene after scene reveals 
an ability to let action, charac- 
ter and mood evolve accord- 
ing to their own mysterious 
law s, and the result is drama — 
living, riveting drama. 

The set. designed by Geoff 
Row. is in two parts, the trim 
garden with its sundial and 
v emneuliie path, and the tool- 
shed where the women find a 
refuge from their duties in the 
fruit cages, greenhouses and 
dung-heap. It is in the shed 
that wc first meet the fifth 
woman, known only us Jock, 
an uncouth veteran from Lan- 
ark who bloodies Dog's nose 
at their first encounter 

If this sounds heavy, u is 
just one element m the drama. 
The writing offers five kinds 
of humour: grim Scottish 
jokes, spriteiv nonsense, qui- 
etly comic self-efi: i cement, old 
lag's gloom and nervy wit. 
“He's a changed man since his 
tropical fish died*', is the sort 
of line seldom heard in the 
theatre since the death of Joe 

The actresses respond to 
Simon Stokes's sympathetic 
direction by giving perfor- 
mances that' illuminate their 
author's text. We have the 
fluid jumping movements of 
Suzctte Llewellyn's coloured 
girl, delighting in any comic 
upheaval she sets in motion. 
In Sophie Thompson's Dog 
we see the alarms and quick 
retreats from anything that 
looks like danger, followed by 
a slowly opening smile as she 
fits herself back into company. 
Maggie McCarthy's Jock lets 
oui the seething violence of a 
hard case in abrupt move- 
ments and masterfully blunt 
scorn. Maureen O'Brien gives 
bright little smiles and bright 
little observations, which 
make her revelation of time in 
solitary all the more frighten- 
ing. Sirongly recommended. 

Jeremy Kingston 

• There are further, performances 
(with changing casts) of Andrea 
Chenier on August 14. 20. 23. 26 and 
31 and L!n bath in maschera on 
August 17. 21, 24, 27 and 29. 


LS/Masson ^. p ^ 

Elizabeth Hall 9 ften be rep 

Other music 

BBC Welsh SO/ ^ nefited fiom more co & nt 

j . , * direction, something to work 

jLOUgnran through rather than expose the 

Albert HaU/Radio 3 ch f®H fU ? urt 

— 1 Between these two works 

for full . orchestra there was 
This was not the happiest of Gordon Crosse's new Array 

BBCPO/Downes LSO/Maazel 

Albert Hall/ Barbican 

Radio : 3/BBCl “ "™ 

I can understand why the 
television cameras : were not 

As if to banish memories of 
his messy withdrawal from the 
artistic direction of the Vienna 

iircriaiuu lUMircio*- WCIC HOI I Cfo.* rWrn 1 Ar i n M«-«l l«, 

rolling in the fira half of 

.cieiKY report 

cchs tor ol 

il wounds 

nights at the Proms. The BBC 
Welsh" Symphony Orchestra,' 
who had sounded so ex- 
cellently together in their con- 
cert under Mariss Yansons 
just a couple of weeks ago. 
were distinctly out of sorts 
under their newly-appointed 
chief guest conductor James 
Loughran; and the difference 
was the more embarrassingly 
conspicuous because both 
programmes included an early 
Sibelius symphony. All that 
remained of the former glory 
was in the brass: other depart- 
ments were rough, and there 
was rarely any feeling of a 
unified ensemble, more of a 
sprawling, unkempt mass. 1 

for' trumpet and 'strings. One 
can understand why he should 
have been commissioned to 
write such a piece: be has often 
been most inventive in writing 
works for soloist and or- 
chestra, such as his Second 
VioGn Concerto or bis se- 

Friday’s Promenade Concert. , 

You need ears to listen to a 
piece like Berio’s Epifanie and ' IS. ?nn 

television receivers are gen - ^ESi 

eraJly incapable of picking up 

the finer poimsin such sop his- J 

licaied music. Unfortunately - personality! uttci 

^S^SrSM^SSTS. profostonal dependent up 

ence - noLalas, a large one — 

seemed also to be switched off. 2 

quence of character studies for .preferring to shuffle, cough, 
chamber forces. The combina- converse and noisily leave 

tion of trumpet and strings 
ought to have been made for 
him. but sadly the sparks 
entirely foiled to fly. and the 
result does the composer no 

That was the impression 
conveyed . too of Sibelius’s 
Second Symphony in this 
performance. For the lack of a 
long line, the slow movement 
became a sub-Wagnerian jun- 
gle. and the scherzo was 
disturbingly fast for an en- 
semble in this condition. But 
of course it is the finale that 
needs its tone choosing with 
more care than Mr Loughran 
was willing to provide. Elgar's 
in the South might also have 

It ought to have provided 
the occasion for celebrating 
the talent of the young Swed- 
ish trumpeter Hikan Hard- 
en berger, who gamely took on 
the challenge of what is in 
effect a full-length concerto. 
As it is. however, there was 
little opportunity for him to 
show anything bur stamina 
and patience, though one may 
applaud. 4oa his -dear, -un- 
troubled delivery and his 
natural phrasing of the odd 
song-tunes that provide the 
only decent material in this 
thoroughly dispiriting piece. 

Paul Griffiths 

rather than give ear to what 

!!» lhe h” 1 music ° f loaSZ 

the evening. - k 

Admittedly Berio's cause SinSlvsou 
could have been served rather SSine 
belter by the BBC Phil- 
harmonic Orchestra, who, un- hi 5^; fM _ 

der Edward Downes, seemed 
not to have quite the measure Jncv Even in a I 
of the composer's wide-rang- Sf* ££ 

roance^f 1 Beetfo 

cannot be the simplest of nn „ 

scores to play, they feled to 
capture the richness of its 

taut C WeMon had JertMte Sflns 
Iw Irlwnpfa TbNtrv PraduCIMMuLld. 


TOM ** 

* IAN 






Directed by MARK KINGSTON 

colours or to relate to the 
depths of feeling that moti- 
vates it. One might have 
hoped for the tiny details that 
continually emerge and retire 
from the surface of Orchestral 
Piece jA to have glistened 
more, or for the overlapping 
chords and subsequent slow 
staccato exchanges in Orches- 
tral Piece F to have sounded 
more punchy. 

■ Nevertheless the imriii-lay- 
ered beauty of the piece 
survived, helped in no small 
measure by the contributions 
of the soprano Elizabeth j 
.Laurence, who. negotiated -the 
interspersed vocal cycle with 
distinction. -But perhaps she. 
tod. might have used a more 
vivid range of colours. 

Both orchestra and audtr 
ence seemed ' more intensely 
involved in the second half, 
televised later. Iona Brown 
played Walton’s Violin Con- 
certo with admirable presence, 
though once or twice, her 
confidence seemed slightly 
misplaced But she is aboveall 
a lyrical player, and it was that 
quality which dominated her 
reading here, for all the Al- 
liance contained within the 
piece. Downes seemed happy 
to go along with her view, and 
the responses of his players 
were always alcn. 

Where . Walton exudes 
something of the warm Medi- 
terranean and Berio shows a 
typically Iiaiianate refine- 

thrown himself into a no- 
madic. three-season conduct- 
ing schedule of epic pro- 
portions: over 200 concerts in 
22 countries. It is a life-style 
that seems to symbolize his 
musical personality: utterly 
professional, dependent upon 
an admirable stick technique, 
high-powered in profile, yet 
curiously impersonal and 
given to making carefully 
calculated gestures. If Maazel 
has derided that he best relates 
to orchestras on a “short stay, 
quick results” basis, it also 
occasionally sounds as if he is 
relating similarly to the scores 
he conducts. 

Yet his interpretations fre- 
quently have unrivaled po- 
tency. Even in a heavy-handed 
and often laborious perfor- 
mance of Beethoven's Eighth 
Symphony there were startling 
insights. One instance was at 
the first movement's re- 
capitulation. where Maazel 
reduced the upper-string 
sound extravagantly (they are 

Overriding enthusiasm: the Jamaica National Company 


It could never have been 
predicted that Mrs Thatcher 
would preside like an Astraea 
over a renaissance of British 
music, but ■ the past seven 
years have proved astonish- 
ingly productive, and the sum- 
mer festival at the South Bank 
is reflecting some of the 
dazzle. Just 24 hours after the 
premiere of Birtwistle's new 
opera, the London Sinfonietta 
were back with a programme 
of new and very new music by 
younger composers. Only the 
two contrasted dawnsc’apes. 
Simon Holt's ominous Era 
madrugada and George Ben- 
jamin's celebratory At First 
Light, had I heard before: the 
others were all works of the 
past year or so. 

Dominic Muldowney's new 
Sinfonietta is an exceedingly 
smart piece, it lakes on the 

rush up in a staccato jazzv 
closure, a gesture that wifi 
often be repeated in xaried 
forms. Then the machine is 
off. It slows for the "second 
subject", marked by solos for 
oboe and viola, and" speeds up 
for the scherzo-cum-develop- 
menu then eases itself towards 
a moment of repose for strings 
with piano and marimba, the 
only passage where the jug- 
gling with tonality almost 
relaxes into concord." But most 
of the recapitulation-finale is 
as tricksy, rhythmically- 
surprising and harmonically 
needling as this work requires. 

The difference from 
Schoenberg, whose parallel 
work seems to hover in the 
wings, is that Muldowncy is 
not sure the game is a serious 
one. But this is not at all a 
frivolous work: he is very- 
serious indeed about the busi- 
ness of playing the game, and 
his own appeal to Stnax insky 
rather than Schoenberg as 

Making the effect 

rh -,1 Z ,hl, mcmor is entirely apt. This is 

took oifin hk Hru^nrunhS as fascinaiin & a recomposition 
h .u„r , 3 l Of the past as his concertos 

Seeing three contrasted dance 
companies over the weekend 
set me thinking about the 
different ways in which they 
made their effects. What 
started it was the thought that 
by all the rules Janette Mul- 

ligan ought not to be suited to 
Juliet. She is so obviously- a 

actually marked triple-forte) 
to allow the cellos' unusual 
domination with theirtnain 
theme. Melodramatic cer- 
tainly. contrived perhaps: but 
this typical Maazel “effect" 
was executed with such tech- 
nical finesse that it was hard to 

The scaling down of the 
violins* attack in the Alle- 
gretto. from prim off-the- 
string clarity to a glowing glide 
through the lyrical middle 
passages, was delightful, as 
was (in a- more world-weary 
mood) the fulL ripe tone he 
elicited from the excellent 
boms in the Trio. 

Indeed, the London Sym- 
phony Orchestra responded 
well throughout to his ap- 
proach and the playing in 
Mahler's First Symphony was 
often exhilarating. The open- 
ing bars whispered into 
mysterious life from a su- 
perbly controlled pianissimo: 
the section principals re- 
sponded cxtrovertly in the 
middle movements and there 
was a welcome bravado about 
the strings’ "Viennese" 

Again there was. at times, a 
feeling that a carefully nur- 
tured pose was being adopted. 
The parodistic dance-hall 
scoops of the third movement, 
for instance, were drooled 

Juliet. She is so obviously a 
healthy, attractive, balanced 
young woman, not an over- 
emotionaJ adolescent girl 
Yet Festival Ballet's Romeo 
and Juliet at the Festival Hall 
was still enjoyable with her in 
ihe role. The explanation is 
that the character, the plot and 
the emotion are all conveyed 
in Ashton's choreography. 
Given a competent, sincere 
performance, the choreog- 
raphy itself will make its 
points. Mulligan danced with 
skill and thoughtfulness, 
strongly supported by Peter 
Schaufuss. and there were 

of British companies. I nore 
also that, although its own 
school produces many good 
dancers, the Bolshoi can lake 
its pick among many who 
began their careers elsewhere 
In the Soviet Union once they 
have become noted either 
through performances or by- 
winning medals at inter- 
national dance competitions. 

Lina Ananiashvili a dark- 
haired Georgian beauty, made 
her transfer from Tbilisi to 
Moscow even earlier, whilst 
still a pupil. Now 23. her 1 
Raymonds on Friday was 
amazingly polished arid ma- 
ture: serene, beautifully- 
shaped to the music. Part- 
nering her. Alexei Fadeyechev 
showed a quiet but firm 
authority in romantic style. 

The third company was the 
Jamaica National appearing 
at the Commonwealth In- 

Symphony. that of creating a 
continuity that functions both 
as a sonata allegro and as a 
complete four-movement 
composition: in other words, 
one gets to the end of the first 
movement and finds one has 
by the way reached (he end of 
! the whole. Rhcintju/d might be 
another example, though 
there, of course, when one 
comes to the end one is just in 
time for the real beginning. 

'Mutdow’ney anticipates 
Wagner by- starting with some- 
thing that is both beginning 
and end: a tick-lock down- 
ward phrase makes an open- 
ing gambit, while the brass 

ot tnc past as his concertos 
and quartet of recent years. It 
is also a very virtuoso piece, 
and the Sinfonietta. under 
Diego Masson, performed it 

Also on the programme was 
Steve Mainland's mind-numb- 
ing Ore. with Frank Lloyd as 
solo homist. and Mark-An- 
thony Tu image's marvellously 
curious On Ail Fours, w hich is 
a baroque suite and much else. 
It is typical of him. or indeed 
of Muldowney. to have an 
Allcmande recalling a flute- 
clarinet duel from The Rite or' 

Paul Griffiths 

lively, intelligent accounts of stituieOhey will perform from 
Mcrcutio and Benvoiio from tomorrow at Riverside). Most 

The Shaftesbury Theatre of Comedy 

Shaftesbury Avenue, WC2 

mem. Respighi's The Pines of over to the detriment of long- 
Rome is pure empty-headed term shape. But Maazefs 

Box Office 01.279 5399 CC 01.379 6433/741 9999 
01.240 7S00 (a*ra 7 d*ya. Bkgfee) 

vulgarity. But this, of course, 
was what peopleTiad come for. 
and by now concentration was 

rapL is this really whaLtheitn 
of music is about? 

Stephen Pettitt 

handling of the finale's open- 
ing - a mixture of discipline 
and venom — confirmed him 
as a seasoned engineer of raw 
orchestral thrills. 

Richard Morrison 

two 1 newcomers, Tim Almaas 
and Daryl Norton. 

The balance changes in the 
Bolshoi's Spartacus. Yuri 
Grigorovich's choreography 
for this is posier-an. rely ing on 
the blatant repetition of sim- 
ple, even crude patterns. 
Everything depends on the 
wav it is danced. Luckily, 
although Yuri Vashyuchcnko 
in the tide part has not the 
supercharged •virtuosity of 
Irek Mukhamcdov. he is a 
strong, forceful dancer, and 
Alexei Lazarev, who played 
his- opponent Crassus at "ihe 
performance I saw. raises ihe 
dramatic tension with his 
seedily glamorous portrait of a 
small-time shifty tyrant. 

The Jcxcl of teaching and 
professional expectation in 
Russia* is such that soloists 
there start from a higher lose 
than here. Even in the Targe 
corps dc ballet, especially 
among the men. there arc 
quite a few dancers of a 
technical standard far ahead 

of their dancers, singers, mu- 
sicians and technicians have 
other jobs. What brought 
them together and has kept 
them going for 24 years is love 
of their work and determina- 
tion to find roots for dance in 
their national heritage. 

So it becomes less im- 
portant that their level of 
prowess is. to say the best, 
uneven (the men on the whole 
better than ihe women, al- 
though Arlene Richards has 
an individual quality), that the 
choreography, mostly by their 
founder -and director Rc.\ 
Nettleford. veers between 
various popular idioms, from ! 
reggae iq slightly featureless 
mainstream modern dance, or 
that most of the pieces given 
on Saturday tended towards a 
shapeless pot-pourri form. 
What communicates itself to 
the audience is sheer enthu- 
siasm. without which neither 
skill nor refined choreography- 
can make much effect. 



Presentation sword 
vfpTjlll mounted in gilt silver, 
pS-j HI hallmarked for 1807. 

ill Sold in April 1986 

"pf/ m . ■ for £23,760. 

Christie's hold 
‘ Aguiar sales of 

ft* !§l -Antique Arms and 
|1| Armour Our next 
||||f III sale will be on 

||3g| Entries close 

p||f ^ 27 August. 

Please contact 
David Williams on 
Extension 2129. 


John Percival 

wm igg 

8 King Street, St James's London swiy 6QT 
• (01) 839 9060 Telex: 916429 


TUC want 
to public 

Continued from page 1 

their power of direction over 
public industries. 

Thirdly, the TUC believes 
there is an opportunity, cur- 
rently being wasted, to make 
more use of public enterprise 
to promote economic expan- 
sion and create jobs. 

In proposing the consumer 
centres, the report suggests 
that they should be financed ! 
by a levy on the profits of the I 
public service industries, and 
governed by boards elected by 
the industry's own consumers. 

The TUC attacks current 
public industry watchdog bod- 
ies .such as the Electricity 
Consumers Council, claiming 
that they don't represent a 
cross-section of consumers 
and tend to be “top down** 
organizations with no effec- 
tive channel for local opinion. 

It believes that they are 
under-resourced, and “lack 
clout" to tackle big 

Other options include a new 
kind of savings called “public 
enterprise securities", to let 
consumers take a financial 
stake in public enterprise and 
make borrowing more flexible 
for the industries themselves. 

The report also has a de- 
tailed section on buying back 
privatized assets. Suggested 
priorities are: 

• Vital national utilities and 
public services, including BT 
and (if privatized) British Gas; 

• Concerns such as the de- 
fence factories, which are cen- 
tral to the defence and security 
of Britain: 

• Key strategic companies, 
such as Britoil. 

“The aim of the opening 
stage should be to exercise the 
maximum control in the pub- 
lic interest for the minimum 
cost in economic resources 
and parliamentary time.** 

On British Telecom, the 
TUC wants shareholders to 
remain as long-term investors 
by exchanging new interest- 
bearing securities for BT 
shares, with a built-in in- 
centive to retain the securities. 
Shareholders should get the 
original offer price only if they 
cash in their securities 

Berlin wall 

A demonstrator kicks a panel from the wall on the East 
German side while (right) others with a West German flag 
taunt communist guards m front of the Brandenburg Gate. 

. . From A Correspondent Bonn 

East Germany delivered a 
strong protest note to the West 
Berlin city administration yes- 
terday over the unprecedented 
weekend incident at the Beilin 
Walk in which as many as 200 
people forced their way into 
East Berlin at the Checkpoint 
Charlie crossing. 

Young demonstrators scaled 
the 9ft-high concrete barrier 

President Reagan called the 
wall an insult to the human 
spirit in an interview with the 
newspaper Bild and said it 
underlined the need to safe- 
guard Western democracy 
(Reuter reports from Bonn). 

on Saturday night, - taunted 
armed communist border 
enards with West German 
flay and slogans, and de- 
stroyed aa East German flag. 

In its protest note the East 
German Foreign Ministry 
called the demonstration a 
serious provocation and a 
criminal act that took place 
under die eyes of West Berlin 

police, the East German news 
agency ADN reported. 

The note said border guards 
had been attacked, then- lives 
and health endangered hr 
missiles, and a door and traffic 
lights at the crossing point 
damaged. It demanded mea- 
sures to halt such actions and 
said West Berlin would be 
responsible for any 

In another incident early 
yesterday a man started a fire 
in front of the Brandenburg 
Gate which spread to a wooden 
catwalk on the eastern side 
and had to be extinguished by 
East German guards. Police 
said the man was bdd briefly 
by British military police. 

The Americans, in whose 
sector Checkpoint Charlie 
lies, had no comment on 
Saturday night's “invasion” 
other than to say that “we're 
pretty much burned to this 
sort of thing." 

The incident came as East . 
and West prepared to engage 
in ideological battle about the 
wall on Wednesday, the 25th 

anniversary of its initial 

West Berlin poflee said that 
on Saturday evening abont 80 
people ran past Checkpoint 
Charlie and climbed over or 
under the barrier a few yards 
into East Berfin. 

. A fire-cracker was thrown 
towards the East German 
guards, who did not react, even 
when about half-an-bour later 
another 70 to 120 joined the 
crowd. Some of them then 
pulled down and destroyed an 
East German flag. 

One man hacked stones 
from the wall and threw them 
at approachhig communist 

guards. Others dapped, sang 
die West German national 
anthem and chanted 
“Deutschland, Deutschland". 

West Berlin police -sealed 
off the Western approaches to 
prevent others from crossing, 
and die East Germans ap- 
pealed to the demonstrators 
through lond-baOers to leave. 

Most had tinned back by 
10pm, except for about 15 who 
the police said appeared to be 
“rather drunk". About an hour 
later they, too, returned. . 

It was suggested yesterday 
that the initiators of the 
incident were the remnants of 
some handreds who had ear- 
lier formed a human rham 

along a section of the wall -at 
the mid of a protest rally. 

At the rally die Mayor of 
West Berlin, Herr Eberhard 
Diepgea, had called on people 
to make die wafl “as perme- 
able as posable" until die day 
when it fell, “which it must 
and will do.” • 

Police said about 4,500 
people took part in the rally 
although the organizers, die 
youth wing of the .governing 
Christian Democratic Union, 
spoke of 12,000. No incidents 
were reported, apart from 
attempts by about 30 people to 
shout down the US Ambas- 
sador to Bonn, Mr Richard 
Burt. . 

■ On Friday the East Berlin 
authorities returned to the 
West a 69-year-oM American, 
:Mr John Runnings, who the 
day before had ctimbed the 
wall, chipped away at the 
round concrete pipe on top and 
then, balancing precariously, 
walked a few hundred yards 
along it before descending a 
ladder provided by an East 
German guard. 

In a. letter, to the. East 
German Government, released 
to -journalists yesterday, fear 
East German ch i nc h activists 
demanded a .liberalization of 
rigid trayel curbs and said the 
wall “cannot be passed over in. 
silence.” . . 

face defeat 
on sex 

Continued from page 1 

as to encourage those pupik yj 
have due • regard to . moral 
considerations and the vaw 
of family life**. '' r : ... 

Mr Chris Patten, iheEduc*. 
lion Minister, struggled to 
defend it in the committee 
stage, but it survived by-ojjg 
one vote. Most MR saidjfej 
the issue was bea dealt wife 
by a circular. 

Mr Giles Radice, labour”) 
chief education ' spokesman 
argued: “The Government has 
given way to the moral right, 
the Lord Buckmasters of tluj 
world and thorn who -believe 
that moral standaidsarefraite 
away like straws in the WmJ 
and that the sin* of Sodom 
and Gomorrah are rampant in 
the land." 

Mr Steve Norris, Conser- 
vative MP for Oxford East 
and a committee member who 
did not vote for the- clause, 
said yesterday: “The Govetn- 
meat is in a hole. Having 
accepted these amendments it 
is difficult to turn these’seai 
moral thoughts into practice.” 

Mr Mark Fisher, a Labour 
frontbench spokesman, said 
yesterday. “We fed that the 
clause wilt not help .teachers 
and parents to provide to- 
gether good sex education for 
the sake of their children ami 
we believe that the cupular is a 
better way to do it 
“This present circular 
seems to be very much along 
the right lines, and to he 
extremely helpful. . 

“We do not believe legisla- 
tion will help and it, could be 
the cause of unnecessaiy. legal 
actions and a lack of con- 
fidence between parents of 
very strong religious convic- 
tions and head teachers.” - 
In the committee he argued 
that the clause was “an open 
invitation ip someone, .like 
Mrs Victoria Gilikk, who may 
feel affronted by a certain 
method of sex education”. 

The Department of Educa- 
tion and Science said -foe 
amendment givin^parentsfoe 
right to excuse -children from 
sex education classes was un* 
necessary, impractical .and in- 
appropriate. Itwould also seta 
precedent for parents who 
wanted to prevent their chil- 
dren being taught other 

f , 

•\H L ■ 




Today’s events 

Royal engagements /' 
The Queen visits 
Ardnamurchan lighthouse to 
mark the bicentenary of the 
Northern Lighthouse Board. 
Kikhoan Pier, Ardnamurchan, 
Scotland. 10.30. 

New exhibitions 
Engravings by Roland Topor, 
the French Institute, 13 Ran- 
dolph Crescent, Edinburgh; 
Mon to Fri 9.30 to 1, 2 to 5.30 
lends Sept 12) 

Paintings by Jane Langley: 
Ceramics by Sutton Taylon 
Photographs by James 
Ravilious. Oxford Galleiy, 23 
High Si. Oxford; Mon to Sat 10 
to 5 (ends Scpl 10) 

Exhibitions in progress 

Works by Six Contemporary 

Pollers; recent paintings by 
Marion McIntosh: Richard 
Demarco's Edinburgh: paint- 
ings. The Open Eye Gallery, 75 
Cumberland St. Edinbnrgh; 
Mon to Fri 10 to 6. Sat 10 to 4 
tends Aug 28) 

Beatrix Potter's Watercolour 
Illustrations: Oriental Textiles 
by Pip Ram India of One 
Thousand and One Nights, 
photographs by Roland and 
-Sabrina Michaud. Abbot HalJ 
Art Gallery. Kendal: Mon to Fri 
1 0 JO to 5 JO, Sat and Sun 2 to 5 
(ends Aug 31) 

William Barnes of Dorset: 
poet, painter, scholar and artist 
1801-1886. Dorset County Mu- 
seum. High St. West Dor- 
chester. Mon to Fri 10 to 5, Sat 
10 to 1 and 2 to 5 (ends Oct 4) 

Sea Drifts: sea rhythms ex- 
plored in painting, sculpture 
and music. Laing .Art Gallery. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,121 


1 Woollen garments prove 
best in test arranged (4-3). 

5 The French entering the 
Civil Service — so exem- 
plary (7). 

9 A couple of hundred gun- 
men altogether? That’s cap- 
ital! (5). 

10 Meeting to study progress 

11 Arkwright's son allowed a 
title role (6). 

12 A German will take ship af- 
ter the latter part of October 

14 How to treat roasting meal 
- beat with a stick (5). 

15 Room appropriate to take in 
painters tor instance (9). 

18 Properly conveyance? (6J). 

20 Type article for a girl (5). 

22 Long-legged type of weight- 
lifter to travel by air (5-3). 

24 Is retired and occupied by a 
distant expedition (61. 

26 Mention about great ramb- 
ling weed (9). 

27 Topping cake! (5). 

28 One who accommodates 
one looking for cover (7). 

29 One quarter see about 
exercising in a clumsy way 


1 Every one included in the .V. 

list may be given instruction Will 

2 Earnings in the main come next ! 
so regularly (7). 

3 Whai's said to emanate 

Concise crossword page 10 

from one’s bank manager 

4 Mark needs onlv a moment 

5 Branches with light tips (10). 

6 Degree up — fuel making it 
very hot (5). 

7 Foreign holy man over the 
mountains (7k 

8 Plain net (5). 

13 Requiring settlement, call a 
court assessor (10). 

16 Brown is held by a relation 
to be provoking (9). 

17 Drink one at a time in plav- 
ful mockery (9). 

19 Dashes round Georgia with 
the means of quelling riots 

21 Among the others Islam's 
caliph is a practical type (7). 

22 Turn into the Channel Is- 
lands to get plants (5). 

23 The monarch, right or 
wrong (5). 

25 No end of danger for 
lohtmhe (4). 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,120 
will appear 
next Saturday 

Newcastle: Mon to Fri 10 to 5 r 
Sat 10 to 4.30. Sun 2.30 to 5.30 . 
(ends Aug 24). 


Recital of Venetian church 
music by Concento Vocale. St 
Andrew and St George's, George 
Sl Edinburgh. I. 

Recital by the Glanvilie Duo. 
Flaxtoa Parish Church, 4. 

Piano recital by Denis 
Mathews. SherifT Hutton 
Church. 8. 

Organ recital by Jane Watts. 
Brecon Cathedral, 7 JO. 

International Young Mu- 
sicians Concert 5. the Okl Swan 
Hotel. Harrogate, 11. 

Concert by the BBC Northern 
Singers: Royal Hall. Harrogate. 
8 . 

Organ recital by Thomas 
Laing-Reflly. St Maiy’s Cathe- 
dral, Palmerston PI. Edinburgh. 
6 . 

Recital by the Goldberg En- 
semble: Parish Church, 
Ambleside. 8. 

Talks and lectures 
Ulster Place Names, by Cahal 
Dallat. Ponandoo Centre, 
Portrosh. 8. 

falcon Watch, by a National 
Park Ranger. 1.30; Portrait of 
the Duddon. by Cliff and Ursula 
Doyle. Lake District National 
Visitor Centre. Brockhole. Win- 
dermere. 3-30. 


International Festival Book 
Fair. Adams House. Chamber 
St Edinburgh, today 12 to 630, 
tomorrow until Aug 30, 10 to 

Antique and Collectors’ Fair. 
Town HalL Bakcwefl. 10 to 5. 

The Week’s Walks 

Today; Who are me Cockneys 9 Hfawic 
Walk, meat St Paul's Underground. It: 
Legal London: Old Bailey. meat Sl Paul's 
Underground. Z. Haunted London: A 
Ghost WaK. meet SiPauTa Underground. 

Tomorrow: Royal London and Guard 
Change, mast Weatri i mt e r Under- m 
ground. 9,30; Saxon, tfMng & Norman 
London: Dark Age to Domesday, men 
Museum ot London. 230: A Ghost Wake 

The Haunted west End. meet Embank- 
ment Underground, 7 JO. 

Wednesdays A Journey Through Dickens' 
London, meet Entfjenkraert Urx»r- 
ground. 11: a*rkanw8Jfc Londons rtdden 
vaaae. meet Cterfccnwett Heritage Can- 
oe. 33 St Jones Sq. EG1. 230. The 
Famous Snenock Holmes Detective Trai. 
meet Baker St Underground. 7.30. 
Ttmday: fn the Footseps ot Sherlock 
Holmes, meet Embankment Under- 
ground. 11: Nature wadi anxmdWrmMa- 
oon Cannon, meet The W kid mg piftke 
house, l: Chaucer. Dickens & 
Shakespeare’s- Theatre land Publaitd 
Wane meet London teidge Underground, 

Nature Notes 

More birds are drifting south. 
Wh calcars that- nested on the 
hillsides are appearing on com- 
mons and playing fields. Whin- 
chats. which are dose relatives 
of the wheatear and have a 
similar bobbing movement, are 
arriving on bushy sketches of 
the coast. Greenshahks from the 
moors have come down to feed 
at the edges of lakes: they.- are , 
large, -silvery, wading birds with 
green legs, and have a dear, 
ringing cry. 

The commonest noise in the 
woods is the insistent calling of 
small flocks, of titmice and 
nuthatches. Coal tits are particu- 
larly restless and VocaL. con- 
stantly fliuingfrom one tree to 
another, whispering and whis- 
tling as they go. A few wrens are 
still singing - this is the end of 
their summer song - while 
robins are beginning to take up 
their winter territories, arid one 
or two ofthose arc singing again. 

A widespread flower just now 
is -duckweed, which has five 
white petals, each divided into 
two, so they look like. 10. 
Greater duckweed, a rarer spe- 
cies, grows by streams; some- 
times it is found near yd low 
loosestrife, a tail plant -whose 
dark yellow flowers have bright 
red stamens. Acorns are 
developing on the oaks, but 
most of them are still flat cups, 
with the fruit . scarcely rising 
above the brim. DJM 


l^hdoyap d So uth tt A2P2:Oe1y 

with Mffisar*. A 1210: Soma tarn closures 
Gkely in Mansell Sl between Fortaoken St 
and Bnhera Sl AX8k Long delays, hi. 
Woktog junction with SJjfcdd Green. 
GuWtord. Surev. 

MdbadcftTC Corttreflow and driays-in 
both dBcfai t arowid junction to ( 
Lutterworth) . Leicestershire. AS Tem- 
porary tght conirofcjgamglefirte raffle 
between Tetford to £6 at fvetsey. M& 
Delays between joirtons *.end 5 (M42 
arm Bgr angtem NE), H e re for d aid 
Worcester. . • . 

Wales and WeeeA3tk Temporary Sghts 
•on Launceston - Owbarepttm and Ttohey 
-.’jCwton reeds. MAS Two eats of 
con t raflow betw e e n junction 24of the M4(. 
-Newport and Ragan; -delays. south of 
.Irik. fOI: Deriys at Primer s ton and 
Canford caused try work on Femdown 
bypass. Dorset • ■ 

North: Mfc Serious delays Uteri be- 
tween {unctions 32 and .33 f Hffi/ 
Lancaster), Lancashire. AS: OiveraiansBt 
junction bf Choriey. Rd. Swinten. wWi 
Marat* fld. Greater Manchester. A1: 
Delays N otTesto's/oundebaut. Tyne and 
Wear. • 

S en- s i Mk Contraflow on south- 
bound ca rriageway b etw een junctions 9 
and .10 ( >*80 ; / AMk .northbound 
carriageway dosed A82. Smote fate 
traffic at Baliachulish 'Bridge. 
tevenw9Shire:riatays.A77: term closures 
atPrestwicfc bypass at junction with A71 9 
( Gaiston) • ’ 

M o n— H on up p B ed by AA' 



A shallow depression 
will move slowly E across 
northern France and Low 
Countries: A weak frontal 
system will.approach NW 
Scotland from Atlantic. 

. Winning numbers . is . die 
.weekly draw for Premium Bond 
prizes are: £100.000: 4HT 
934623 (winner. lives in Essex); 
£50.000: . 14XZ 568624 
(Basingstoke): £25.000: - 9G2 
047538 (London Borough . of 

- Births: Joseph NaDekens. 
sculptor. London, 1737; 
Christiaan Eijknum. physician, 

Nobel laureate 1929, Nijkerk, 
The Netherlands. 1858; Hugh 
MricDannjd (Christopher Mur- 
ray Grieve), poet, Langholm. 
Dumfries. J 892. . 

' Deaths: John Henry New- 
man, Cardinal. Birmingham, 
1890; Andrew Carnegie.' indus- 
trialist and philanthropist, 
Lenox. Massachusetts, '1919; 
Jackson Pollock, abstract 
painter, Easi .Hampton, New 
•Y ork. 1 956 l 






A': ii r 1,1 »(• i f > ..i'I 

ST 1 * iV U J 1*1 

1 mXmK, 

fonflrin Mm 
bra. in . C. F 

Tlnm Portfolio Odd ruM 

I -rtrrws Portfolio Is 
■ or The Tim»-b not i 
taking part. 


19 66 sunny 

19 68 sunny 

18 6* sunny 
.18 '64 SUlty 
18 64 sunny 

20 68 
18 64 . 
to 08 
20 68 

Rates ftk amat d enomin ati on 

only OS supsbed by Bodays Sank PLC. 

Different rates apply to travellers' 

cheques and odrar f oreign currency 


Beta) Price Index: 385J 
London: The FT - fndex dosed down 4.1 
fin Friday at 12171 
New rode The Dow Jones industrial 
average dosed 3.88 down on Friday at 





■S 38 88 
S 29 84 
S 30 86 
S 30 88 
S 24 75 
■S -30-86 
S 23-73 

F 2T bi 
S’ 23 73 
Sto 82 
•C 18 .61 
8 33 SI 
R 15 59 
C 23 73 
■*F 26 79 
R 8 48 



B erm ud a 




Bnf pt 





Ch’dach 1 

■*C ; 

■C tt K 

.c t * a 


111 ' 


i bum*' 







Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

| M, '.^.S 

I ■ -'ii'i ' n Hi*, 



: 'hji JSS . 

i '.siij- a "aiti 
' Ms >&( 

! '1’ M„ t . v, 

I 1 • s,l 'r \j ( , JSj. 


tur f -avs Ei«-riiii 
tiHTM'tl »*> th«- 
■^oW Villen. J... 
■iftliv. wlsit t{*.- 
4 ttimtaj ti:i 
*»■> .1* (Iw 
pipe tin t<»p ji’, 1 . 
P prrvjn 

klUhStiAi *|I4> 

4 lh jn I .!>! 

ti* M« 5 4*1 

MftfD*. 1 1 


iMnvh a. t;*,*'* 
WrxU-’ati* ■> ..r 
H *nd i >‘: k 
JW*w:5 • <«■ ! 


i ..■'«* -wr? 

! ,"" u *:* - ii sex 

i \-.v *»S# 

: n f hi '".«5 

! "^'^WiT 
1 kwernJ 

, " '»<<*«£ TtlJ: 

; . t • 1 

: " ' • •'Jivts-, 

: -;'- , : !, ' !,n i.. 

v ••■ >• Cnlhcb 

' v^h, 

: • ’• |l -ivr.aiMr. 

: - :r * ! 

■ : '; , " !; ” , P 1 « ! ||c 

: i'vu-c ddt 

• • 1 m ilH>, 

" 'KPnot 

'■ ■" liHife*. 

• :.T je* 

. ■•■" '■»: JTi'nnj 

• *• \ tjj 

{Change on week) 

FT 30 Share 

-.1217.4 (-56.0) 

r FT-SE 100 
,1526.7 (-35.1) 



-USM (Datastream) 
fcl 20108 (+1.04) - 

(Change onweekl 

+JS Dollar 

1.4745 (-0.0100) 

W German mark 

(-3.0522 (-0.0403) 

70.9 (-1.7) 


« >ro «'-**• 

AfwnnJ »«“!*. 

r Sf- ri **“ 


, S T r 

.? r.* • 

:r ' 
•> rj • 

h • V ' 

v* ■- 

■c ‘ ■ 




- 1 

- ' . 

——-* 1 


1 W 

.. • V** 



4 * 



: , <*«■*'"* 






*- r ‘- 



. . M* * 

- — * 

„ ,ji * 
... * 






of bonds 

From Maxwell Newton 
New York 

' Tlie week of the Treasury's 
£29; bfflfon (£19.6 hilliop) 
refunding has passed without 
disaster, and interest rates are 

The 10-year notes, which 
yielded 732 per cent on 
Thursday, July 31, finished 
the auction at an average 
<4 7X1 per cent (with 60 per 
cent of the auction going for a 
yield of 7.48 per cent). 

JBot by Thursday, August 7, 
this issue was selling for a 

yield of 736 per cent,.whkh at 
least gave the i 

underwriters a 
breather before having to come 
up with the actual cas 
The 30-year issue also went 
reasonably welL On July 31, 
this issue was yielding 746 
per cent At the auction, the 
average yield was 7.63 per 
cent,.whfle 58. per cent of.the 
auction was arid at the higher 
yield of 7.58 per cent 
Byfate Thorsday, August 7,- 
the 30-year “new” tissue was 
yieidiiK 738 per cenrand the 
“oW^ ^>-year.753per cent — 
once J^dn & case «d the 
nndmwritea. getting a little 
hither before haying to come 
up with the. cash. 

Some dealers said the Japa- 
nese bought a peat amount . of 
the aoctiou, after big pur- 
chases of US agencies' issues 
in the last week. (But the 
Japanese were under instruc- 
tions from the finance ministry 
not to divulge anything about 
their purchases). ' 

-Others thought the New- 
York dealers had been left 
with a huge slice of the issue. . 
-This time it does not appear 
the Japanese have fleeced the 
WaU Street dealers who, in the 
May auction, believing the 
Japanese would have to sell 
back a good deal of their 
purchases of the 30-year^ 
bought wads of the 10-year, 
only to find the Japanese 
refusing to sell the 30-years 
and leaving Wall Street in a 
terrible short squeeze. 

Goldman Sachs is one firm 
wjuch is said to have lost up to 
$100 Bullion in this short 

,0n Monday, July 28, the 
Japanese organized a bear 
raid on the New York bond 
market, driving yields up 

_It was feared by Wall Street 
traders, who feB before the 
onslaught, that the Japanese 
would follow through on the 
Tuesday, possibly attempting 
to drive the yield on the 30- 
year up to 7.75 per cent 
However, there was no fol- 
low through. Wall Street was 
bemused by this, thinking the 
Japanese had lost a great 
opportunity to massacre the 
bond market in preparation for 
the auction. 

And the Opec rumbling did 
not help the Treasury auction. 

But this was as nothing 
compared to the damage 
caused by Mr Beryl Sprinkei, 
the chairman of the Council of 
Economic Advisers. ■ 

In the middle of the auction, 
he produced a forecast of 4 per 
cent growth in the second half 
of . this year, followed by 43 
per cent growth next year, 
accompanied by some increase 
in short-term interest rates 
and inflation. 

The consensus in the bond 
pits was that Mr Sprinkei had 
effected bond prices, 

-Little economic news was 
released during the week, 
except unmistakably bad sales 
results for the domestic car 
makers in July, leading to 
another big bmM-pp of unsold 
stocks, especially at GM. 

Whfle the anim al rate of 
domestic car sales was prob- 
ably under 8 million, season- 
ally adjusted, in July 
(compared with 83 million in 
June and &4 million in May), 
the annual rate of sales of 

imported cars was -a shocking 
33 million. • 

The stronger yen- has so far. 
had .no effect on -the large 
amount of . Japanese cars going 
into the US. 

checks by SE 

' Investigations by the Stock 
Exchange injo- unusual price 
movements . nearly doubled 
last: year; says a report pubr 
lisbed But it admits 
that . proving cases .of insider 
dealing is very difficult. 

The quotations department 
says the increase in specu- 
lative activity hi the market 
caused h to inquire into 811 
movements compared with 
465. the year before. 

Of these, 108 were handed 
over ib its surveillance di- 
vision for closer examination 
and, as a result, full inquiries 
were launched into . 35 cases 
compared with 48 the year 

The report says that Infor- 
mation arising out of "10 
inquiries was passed to the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry to consider further 
action. This is two more than 

The quotations department, 
which increased hs staff by 10 
to 104 to cope with the greater 
workload, says in its report for 
the year ended March 31 that 
M the suspicion that insider 
information has been used in 
the course of share dealing is 
very difficult to prove.” 

The report- adds: “An in- 
dividual who has direct access 
to price sensitive information 
either by being involved in 

By Cliff Feltham 
discussions or by virue'of bis 
employment and is inclined to 
misuse such information for 

personal gain very rarely deals 
in his own name. 

‘‘Sometimesa nominee may 
be used, on other occasions an 

individual rai^ht procure oth- 

ers to deal for a particular 
reason or reward. An individ- 
ual may, for reasons of in- 
experience or so as to portray 

Moves to set op a new multi- 
disciplined, nationwide body 
to combat financial fraud have 
become bogged down in 
Whitehall in-fighting over 
which government department 
should take charge. The body 
was suggested in proposals 
contained m the Roskill 
Committee report on the 
prosecution of fraud published 
early this year. An inter- 
departmental committee has 
been considering the proposal 
but no new Initiative is now 
expected before October. 

a sense of importance, boast to 
others of his involvement in 
or knowledge of sensitive 

“In all these circumstances 
it may be difficult to detect 
instances of unpublished 
information being either con- 
sciously or inadvertently 
passed by an unwitting insider 

to someone, more alert.” 

Since' 1980. when ; insider 
dealing became a criminal 
offence, until this year the 
Stock Exchange has referred 
the findings of 94 investiga- 
tions to the Department or 

“It must be borne in mind 
that many securities attract 
speculative interest for a vari- 
ety of reasons, whether factual 
or not but it is only those 
situations resulting in. an 
announcement which are pin- 
pointed by the media. 

“In some recent takeovers 
involving large international 
companies the negotiations 
have necessitated' the involve- 
ment of a considerable num- 
ber of people both within the 
company and within its advis- 
ers. Where, for instance, 150 
people are involved in, or are 
aware of, negotiations the 
problem of enforcing strict 
security to prevent leakage of 
information is very difficulL” 

The report concludes: “Be- 
cause insider dealing is such a 
difficult offence to investigate 
and prove; the Stock Exchange 
has increased the resources 
provided for this work. In 
addition to extra staff, 
computers are now being used 
to aid the investigation proce- 
dures which are becoming 
more sophisticated 

Engineers report fall 
in building orders 

By Our Industrial Staff 

Deteriorating prospects in 
construction, with a dearth of 
public sector work, -were re-, 
ported yesterday by the 
Federation of Civil Engineer- 
ing -Contractors. This wipes 
put hopes raised earlier this 
year when there was a mar- 

ginaJ jmprovemeiiLintorders. 

A tenth of the- construction 

terbf this year-bad no dvil 
engineering, work- on .then- 
books. There was also a 
serious shortage of. public 

Orders have particularly de- 
clined over, the "past year- for 
small firms (under 100 work- 
ers) and big ones (over 1,000 
workers). In the middle cate- 
gory, however, there has* been 
a marked improvement 
particular! v in the South-east 
because of more commercial 

ported a drop of 63 per cent in 
invitations to lender. 

Plant holdings and utiliza- 
tion remain steady 

The backlog of repair and 
maintenance on themotorway 
and roads, network has bene- 
fited from increased spending 
but there is no indication that 
the. Government is- prepared 
to sppnfd mofe oh managed 
networks. . 

- The Federation stresses that 
unless greater investment is 
allocated for public works, 
Britain's infrastructure will 
deteriorate to an alarming 

building work including house 


construction. A total of 91,700 
new homes were started in the 
first six months of this year in 
the UK. 

There was less work out to 
lender and a fell in -the value 
of contracts in the second 
quarter. Scottish firms re- 

• A study by the Federation 
and the Association of 
Municipal Engineers on 19 
public sector sites illustrates 
that if public spending was 
increased by £1 billion over a 
period of two years, 48,000 
man/years would be created. 

Although prospects. in;. the 
North continue to look bldak, 
civil engineering work on 
southern motorways, the City 
of London and the proposed 
Channel tunnel should im- 
prove the workload in the 

Standard bank rescue 
trio ‘to be directors’ 

by Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent. 

The three businessmen who 
rescued Standard Chartered 
from the bid by Uoyds Bank 
last month are believed to 
have accepted -invitations 
from • Standard to become 
directors. But speculation 
continues-over the intentions 
they may have for the bank 
.which announces its half year 
results in a week's time. 

Sir Yue Kong Pao, the Hong 
Kong entrepreneur, holds the 
largest stake with 15 per cent 
followed by Mr Robert Holmes 
a Court, chairman of - Bell 
Group, with more than 8 
per cent. Tan Sri Khoo Teck. 
PuaL a Singapore business- 
man. holds 5 per cent 

Sir Yue Kong and Tan Sri 
Khoo are believed to favour 

floating off the more profit- 
able parts of the bank, such as 
the far eastern and US opera- 
tions. Mr Holmes a Court may 
favour keeping the -bank, 
which receiitiy granted him a 
£1 billion credit facility, 

'Standard has been consid- 
ering the possibility of gaining 
separate quotations for dif- 
ferent parts of the group. 

There were suggestions in 
the City last week that Tan Sri 
Khoo had been negotiating to 
buy Sir Yue Kong’s stake. Tan 
Sn Khoo already bolds a 
substantial stake in Exco 
International, . the London 
based money broker, which 
failed to merge with Morgan 
Grenfell the merchant hank, 
earlier this year. 

Volcker to 
hold talks 
with Poehl 

. Frankfurt (AP-Dow Jones) 
- Mr Paul Volcker, the US 
Federal Reserve Board chair- 
man, arrived yesterday for a 
brief visit to attend the funeral 
this morning of the former 
president of the West German 
central bank, Herr Otmar 

He win also meet the cur- 
rent president. Herr Karl Otto 
Poehl to discuss monetary 

problems, according to Frank- 
furt banking sources. The Fed 

chairman is expected to re- 
iterate US suggestions that 
West Germany has room to 
stimulate its economy by 
lowering iis'discoum rate from 
3.5 percent. 

US monetary officials have 
called for lower i merest rates 
in West Germany as a means 

Paul Volcker doe to discuss 
monetary problems 
of combating the huge Ameri- 
can trade and budget deficits. 
They see lower interest rates, 
combining with the relatively 
low value of the dollar against 
the mark, as a way of boosting 
US exports, thus reducing the 
trade deficit. 

The "Bonn. Government and 
central bank have consistently 
rejected such LIS suggestions. 

Mr Volcker arrived yes- 
terday morning on a 
Lufthansa flight from New 
York, but security officials 
prevented reporters from 
approaching him. 

Bundesbank officials said the 
Fed chairman would not be 
available for questioning. He 
will attend the funeral services 
this morning and is expected 
to leave Frankfurt early in 
the afternoon. 

Accor plans £60m hotels expansion 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

Accor, the French-based 
hotel and catering group 
which claims to be the ninth 
largest operation of its kind in 
the world, intends to expand 
its British hotel chain to 100 
or more. It Is already bidding 
for motorway service areas 
and has plans for a separate 
restaurant chain. 

Best known for its Sofitel 
Norotel and Ibis hotels, 
Accor plans to have at least 
20 more of these within three 
to four years, involving a total 
investment of op to £60 

But Accor's strategy also 
calls for the establishment in 
Britain of between 50 and 100 
low-bndget hotels now at the 
pilot stage in France. The 
British start-Hp is expected 
by the end of next year. 

Sofitel is Accor's most up- 
market ehain and is aiming 
not only at a central London 
flagship but is in talks for a 
new hotel in Bristol said Mr 
Peter Charles, chairman of 
Accor UK. He added: “Edin- 
burgh is another possibility 
bat not Birmingham or Man- . 
Chester which wQI be well 

supplied with five-star 

Accor so far has in Britain 
six Noiotels. which it wholly 
owns, and one Ibis at 
Heathrow which is con- 
sortium financed. Noiotels 
are in the three to four star 
bracket while Ibis falls more 
into the two- star. 

A further Ibis will be added 
next year near Easton station. 
. Construction has also 
started on Ibis hotels in 
Greenwich and Manchester 
and on Novotels at Stevenage, 
York, Ipswich and Taunton. 

Accor is now moving to- 
wards a series of deals in 
which consortiums, often of 
local investors, will be in- 
volved.. Accor usually takes a 
small, percentage stake. 

Although the Ibis hotels 
are budget-priced at between 
£23 and £24 a night — 
implying a building cost of up 
to £24.000 a bedroom — the 
experimental chain planned 
to be introduced in Britain is 
likely to. offer a room accom- 
modating up to three people 
for £10 a night 

Mr Charles said: “Formula 
One will be a one-star chain. 

Saatchi seeks quote on 
Tokyo stock market 

By Our City Staff 

Saatchi * & Saatchi. the 
world’s largest . advertising 
agency, has been holding talks 
with a Japanese securities 
house, in the hope of gaining a 
stock market listing in Tokyo. 

The company’s inter- 
national business has ex- 
panded rapidly and Saatchi 
wants to attract a wider base of 
shareholders, although no 
final decision has been made 
to go for a listing. 

A share quote in Tokyo will 
help the company's aim of 
building up business in Japan. 

Saatchi has been rapidly 
expanding in the United 
States with the purchase of 
Ted Bates and Backer & 

Spievqgel. both American 
advertising agencies, this year 
and has had a share listing on 
the Nasdaq over-the-counter 
market in New York since 

A quotation on all three of 
the world's largest stock mar- 
kets may also help the 
company’s share price, which 
slumped by more than 250p 
after the purchase of Ted 
Bates for £297 million. 

Saatchi announced in May a 

67 per cent rise in half-year 

profits to £25.9 million. 

Saatchi is believed to have 
been discussing a Tokyo 
quotation with Nomura. 

Brussels and 
US resolve 
fruit dispute 

Brussels (AP-Dow Jones) - 
The European Economic 
Community and the United 
States reached an agreement 

in principle yesterday, resolv- 

ing a lengthy citrus fruit trade 
dispute over the community's 
preferential trading arrange- 
ment with Mediterranean 

Mr Clayton Yeutter, the US 
special trade representative, 
said: “Both sides are delighted 
to have a 16 year-old trade 
dispute behind us.” 

The agreement, details of 
which are expected tomorrow, 
appears to resolve a US com- 
plaint that the EECs trading 
arrangement discriminates 
against American citrus fruit 

ing arrange mom with the 

According to a community 
official, the US has agreed to 
recognize the political and 
economic value of the 
arrangement and not to chal- 
lenge it legally under inter- 
national trading rules. 

In exchange, the Reagan 
Administration has gained a 
trade concession from the 
community, the official said. 

Later, in a communique, 
the officials said that both 
sides will implement a senes 
of reciprocal measures which 
will further liberalize trade. 

The agreement is expected 

to be ratified by the i: 
member states today. Both 
sides will then dismantle pu- 
nitive tariff increases imposed 
on each other's agriculture 
trade last November. 

The Reagan. Administration 
is expected to unblock a steel 
accord negotiated this year, 
allowing community produc- 
ers to ship more semi-finished 
steel products to the US, 

Mr Yeutter said: “We be- 
lieve the agreement is well- 
balanced, satisfactory and 
meets the needs of both 

The tariff increases that are 
expected to go include pu- 
nitive US duties on imports of 
community pasta and pu- 
nitive community duties on 
imports of American walnuts 
and lemons. 

But the centrepiece of the 
agreement concerns the status 
of the EECs preferential trad- 

According to the commu- 
nique. the two sides have 
found a modus operandi for 
reaching a prompt and mutu- 
ally satisfactory solution on 
pasta, which has been the 
subject of a long-standing 

The community official de- 
clined to say whether the it has 
agreed to immediately reduce 
the level of its export subsidies 
on pasta as pan of an overall 
deal that includes the dis- 
mantling of punitive US pasta 

But he said the two sides 
have set a deadline of July 1. 
next year for a resolution of 
ihe problem. Mr \ cutter said 
the agreement augured well 
for the future of US- EEC trade 

In reaching an agreement 
both the US and the EEC 
avoided a new round of trade 
retaliation which had threat- 
ened to poison the atmosphere 
of preparatory talks for a new 
round of world trade talks. 
These are scheduled to take 
place in Ltruguay from 
September 15 to 20. 

New Touche 
Remnant plan 
for PEP link 

Touche Remnant, the 
investment mangement com- 
pany is sening up a Personal 
Equity Plan for investors. 

Mr Peter “Kysel a Touche 
director, said: “It won't be a 
meneyspinner. Initially it- wifi 
not cover our costs.” 

However Touche intends to 
offer PEP investors a fink with 
its investment trust savings 
scheme launched eariier this 

The maximum limit within 
the PEP for investment trusts 
is £420 or 25 per cent of total 
subscriptions, whichever is 

PEP investors are exempt 
from income and capital gains 
lax on investments up to 
£2.400 held within a plan. 

The underlying prospects 
for the developing world re- 
main highly imfavoarable; 
according to a major study on 
Third World development 
published today. 

Improvement will only come 
about through significant pol- 
icy changes to ; stimulate 
iwth in the developed mar- 
l-economy countries, it says. 

In the 1986 Unctad (United 
Nations Conference on Trade, 
and Development) Trade and 
Development Report, Mr 
Kenneth Dadzie, secretary 
general of Unctad, gives warn- 
ing that deflationary forces 
“now - constitute the : single 
most pervasive threat to world 

He adds: “U is sapping the 
vitality of much of the world's 
economy, — the developing 
countries in particular — and 
Eroding the fabric of intex- 
Aational -trade and finance, 
leaving in its trail widespread 

By Teresa Poole 

unemployment slack, protec- more flexible and innovative 

tionism and insolvency. 

Unctad calls for a loosening 
of monetary policy in' the 
United States and greater 
fiscal and monetary stimulus 
in western Europe and Japan. 
Gover nme nts are also told to 
co-ordinate their policies more 
successfully to avoid conflicts, 
particularly over trade 

Mr Dadzie says: “Higher 
growth and lower interest 
rates atone will not, however, 
be sufficient An enlarged flow 
of financing will also be re- 
quired, especially from the 
multilateral- development fi- 
nance institutions, whose net 

approaches to debt. It suggests 
that an international version of 
filing for bankruptcy under 
Chapter 11 of the US Bank- 
ruptcy Code could be devel- 
oped which would afford 
protection to a debtor country 
while it sought a solution to its 
financial difficulties. 

No significant change in 
world economic growth is fore- . 
seen for 1986 and developed 
market economies are ex- 
pected to grow al LS per cent 
with some rebound in the US' 
bnt a slowing in Japan. West- 
ern Europe is .expected to. 
continue to grow slowly- 

The recent decline in the oil 

countering acute debt servic- 
ing difficulties. 

Mr Dadzie also warns that 
growing protectionism by 
developed countries will ad- 
versely .affect the rate and 
allocation of new investment 
“There is palpable lack of 
respect for the roles and 
principles of the multilateral 
trading system,” he adds. 

In the run-up to a new round 
of negotiations imder the Geo- 
era] Agreement on Tariffs and 
Trade, major trading countries 

may try to legitimize rather 
eliminate such bade 

j ending must be stepped up. price is . not expected to be 

Many countries, especially 1- ‘ expansionary for the world 

least developed and sub-Sa- 
hara African countries, must 
receive substantially higher 
amounts ~ of highly con- 
cessional aid, as well as debt 
reBtef.” • ■ 

The report also calls for 

economy as a whole- Develop- 
ing countries overall are net oil 
exporters and will lose 550 
billion in net export revenues 
in 1986. Oil exporting 
developing countries are under 
severe strain, with some en- 



“For this reason- it would bt 
desirable that the launching of 
a new round- of multilateral 
trade negotiations should pro- 
ceed in tandem with a strategy 
for the revival of growth and 
development and for the 
attainment of greater stability 
iu the world's financial 
system," he says. 

Runaway house prices. 


ways to catch up. 

Tbc Belgravia mortgnjju. 

A typical example at I0.75*n, APR 1 l.-IJ’i, 

A nun of 29 and fus wife, 24. bfimw £5P.tKHI 
■Rur 25 yuan, with .in endowment insuranur 
policy no a h< ium: valued uc £70.000. 

London prices are 2O0o higher than a year ago. 

The South-East's have gone up 16.1%. Across Britain 
prices are up 11%. 

- So you'll be delighted with three new mortgages for people 
wanting £50.000 (or a great deal more). 

Belgravia is a unique new ‘cap and collar’ mortgage. 
Belgravia rates go up and down 
with national levels, but with this 

For che hret 5 years, you get 
guaranteed maximum and 
minimum rates. Currently, these 
are 11*% and 8.5%. 

The new Knfehtsbridge 
mortgage has a fixed rate for the 
first five years. 

And Kensington is linked to 
the UK Money Market rate. 

If you've already borrowed £50,000, or more, it's worth 
a call to see if one of these three new mortgages would be better 
than the one you've got 

If you don't need as much as £50,000, remember we’re 
Britain's biggest independent mortgage specialists. 

Of the hundreds of mortgages on offer, we can help you 
get the one that's just right for you and your property. 

Call us for details or written quotations for Belgravia, 
Kensington and Knightsbridgg, or any other mortgages on 

tlms^TTJonrhly payment (imonsa) £ 447.92 

Nit monthly poyirkiH £ JfiV.W 

Liiu assurance premium £ 

Ibulavimhlypuynwm ■ £ -KM.4N 

Estimated pnliuy pmweds in 

25 wars £ fc5.-07fi.Q0 

, Toad amuunt paviiMu ower 25 yuore ST.10A44.00 
Usw polk-v pn sx-rds £ 85,070.00 

Ti nal chapLj. 1 tor CTuiii £ 45.26*4)0 

( 01 ) 589-7080. Just ask for mortgage enquiries. 

Mercury House. 195 Knightsbridge, London SW7 IRE. 

' % «■* 


uUOlNhdd AINU rilNAlNV-JD 

i He. i uviLo muiNiJA i Auuuai ii i986 


Vendor platings reveal need 
for capital issues rethink 

Car rental 
likely to 

The spate of vendor placings 
and vendor rights issues is 
making it increasingly clear 
that the regulatory environ- 
ment surrounding secondary 
capital issues is going to need a 

The trouble with vendor 
placings is that they seem to 
please no-one except the issu- 
ing companies and possibly 
their merchant bankers. 
Shareholders are deprived of 
their rights and they reduce 
the Bank of England's ability 
to regulate capital issues. 

Vet the accounting stan- 
dard. SSAP 23 positively en- 
courages acquisitions for 
shares, surely an unintended 

The Stock Exchange set out 
its position on the subject in 
last week's press release on 
notations and pre-emption. It 
has decided that there will be 
no limits on vendor placings. 
except that large issues will be 
disallowed if the enlarged 
group would be treated as a 
new applicant 

Without question, vendor 
placings ride rough-shod over 
the pre-emption rights of in- 
dividual shareholders. But 
faced with a fait accompli that 
they arc now endorsed by the 
Stock Exchange as a legitimate 
way of raising money, the 
large institutions have' come 
up with the “clawback" 

This ensures that sharehold- 
ers can apply for the issue in 
proportion to their 

There is no implication here 
that the institutional 
shareholders approve of ven- 
dor placings. Rather, clawback 
is seen as a way of salvaging 
some shareholder rights out of 
the mess. 

Mr Jim Findlay, managing 
director of Prudential Port- 
folio Managers, believes that 
"the rights issue route is the 
best way forward.** He stresses 
the importance of keeping 
shareholder involvement in 
thcircompaniesand not going 
the American route of 
shareholders becoming di- 
vorced from management 

Vendor placings also ad- 
versely affect the tax position 
of insurance company and 
other funds. In an ordinary 
rights issue, the nil-paid rights 
can be transferred between 
funds without attracting cap- 
ital gains tax so long as (he 
proceeds are less than 5 per 
cent of the total holding. 

Under the capital gains tax 
pooling arrangements, stock 
acquired in a vendor placing 
cannot be moved around the 
funds without incurring 
potentially enormous tax 

In its role as supervisor of 
capital issues in Britain, the 
Bank of England must be 
becoming increasingly wor- 
ried. The Government has 
supervised all capital raising 
activ ities in Britain one way or 

IlnrTh-, 1 1 l.i/niil 

Karan rtantoarj 

another since 1939. In 1967, 
the power passed to the Bank 
of England which now ex- 
ercises control over the raising 
of capital via the government 

The government broker 
controls all new issues and 
secondary issues by requiring 
the issuing companies to seek 
his consent as to the timing of 
the issue. 

The list of pending issues 
has become known as the 
queue, ihe purpose of which is 
to maintain an orderly mar- 
ket. and to make sure that 
government funding policy is 
not interfered with by, for 
example, so many company 
issues that it reduces the 
appetite for gilts, or 

To avoid bunching, the 
government broker requires 
the issuing company to seek 
liming consent for capital 
issues. He will ensure that 

announcements of issues do 
not coincide with each other 
or clash with Government 
issues, that the issues them- 
selves are not too large and 
that there are not too many of 

Having allowed through on 
the nod what was expected to 
be the occasional vendor plac- 
ing, with no need to wait in the 
queue, what began as a trickle 
is becoming a veritable flood 
of queue-jumpers. 

Mr Gareth Jones of the 
Association of Corporate 
Treasurers said: “The UK 
securities market has been 
appropriated by the govern- 
ment. whose capital raising 
activities are much greater in . 
relation to the size of the 
market than the US 
government's or West 

Things happen the other 
way round in the less- regu- 
lated US market. In Britain 

Merger and acquisition 

That merger accounting, as 
opposed to acquisition 
accounting, is allowed at all in 
Britain is something of an 
anomaly. In the United States, 
for example, all takeovers and 
mergers must be accounted for 
as acquisitions. 

The key differences between 
the two approaches are: 

• in acquisition accounting, 
where A acquires B, all of B's 
assets are revalued at the date 
of the aeqaisidon for incor- 
poration into A's accounts. If 
the price paid by A is greater 
than the value of the assets, 
then a goodwill account is 
created, which most then be 
written off. either against 
distributable reserves or profit 
in the profit and loss account. 

• In merger accounting the 

two companies simply merge 
their balance sheets and profit 
and loss accounts as if they 
had always been together. 
Past years are restated, and 
book values are unchanged. 
There is therefore no goodwill, 
and the distributable reserves 
in both companies are avail- 
able for the shareholders in 
the combined group. 

The Companies Act 1981 
allows merger accounting, but 
it was left to the accountants to 
come np with a standard to 
govern practice. SSAP 23 
appeared in April last year. 
Acquisitions for shares may be 
accounted for as mergers if 
certain criteria are fulfilled. 
All other amalgamations must 
be accounted for as 



BuaRatea % 
Ctoanng Banka 10 
Finance House 10 

The Bank or England announces that Her Majesiy's Treasury has 
created on Sih August I ^86. and has issued to the Bank, additional 
amounts as indicated of each of the Stocks listed below; 

Discount Market Loam % 
Ovemnht High; 9^ Low 7 
week fixed: tO-9'A 

COO million 2} per cent INDEX-LINKED TREASURY STOCK. 2013 
£1110 mill hid 2; per wot INDEX-LINKED TREASURY STOCK, 2020 

Treasury BBte (Discount %) 

2 mmn 9"i* 
3 mirth 9'1« 

Zirmtn 9*n 

The price paid by the Bank on issue was in each case the middle market 
closing price of the relevant Stock on Sih August 1*186 as certified by 
the Government Broker. 

Ineach case, the amount issued on 8th August I486 represents a further 
tranche of the relevant Slock, ranking in all respects pari passu with 
that Stock and subject to the terms and conditions applicable to that 
Stock, and subject also to the pro v isiun contained in the final paragraph 
of this notice; the current provisions for Capital Gains Tax are 
described below. 

Prime Bank Bfts (Discount %) 

1 ninth 2 ninth F j 3.-8"ii 

3mruh 9H-9”i: 6 ninth 9'A-9'r« 

Trade BUs (Discount %) 
lmntniO'4 2 ninth 10' 

3mmh 10% 6mmti 10K 

Topics of the prospectuses for the Slocks listed above, dated I Sih 
February I4S5 and I2ih October 1483 respectively, may be obtained 
at the Bank of England. New Issues. Wailing Street. London. EC4M 

Interbank (%| 

Overmqftt: open 10% dose 11 
1 week 1M;i 6mnth 10-9% 

J mnth 10V1D gnwiifi 10-9", 

3mntn 10-9'". 12mth 10-9% 

Application has been made to the Council of The Stock Exchange Tor 
each lunher tranche of stock to be admitted to the Official List. 

The Slocks are repayable, and interest is payable half-yearly, on the 
dates shown below (provision is made in the prospectuses for 
stockholders to be offered the right of early redemption under cenain 

Local Authority Deposits (%) 

2 days 9% 7 days 9Ti 

I mntn 9'1 3 mnth 9% 

6 mntn 9:» 12nuh 9% 

-Vi.vA Redemption date 

per cent Index-Linked loth August 2013 
Treasury Stock. 2013 

Interest payment 

16th February 
I6lh August 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 
t mnth lO'A-tO 2 mnth 10X-10 

3mmn KT.t-10 6 mntn 10K-9% 

9 mnth 10%-10 12mth 9 VS* 

2? per cent Index-Linked I tuh April 2020 
Treasury Stock. 2020 

I6lh April 
I6lh October 

Storting CDs (%) 

1 mnth 10-9% 3 mnth 9'*u4 IJ if 

6 mnth 9 ,4 ie-9 ,s <6 I2mth 9'*i»9 | V* 

Both the principal of and the interest on the Stocks arc indexed to the 
General I ndc\ of Retail Prices. The Index figure relevant to any month 
is that published seven months previously and relating to the month 
betbre the month of publication. The Index figure relevant to the 
month of issue of 2* per cent Index-Linked Treasure Stock. 2013 is 
that relating to June 1984 (351.9); the equivalent Index figure for 
2* per cent Index-Linked Treasury Stock 2020 is that relating lo 
February I QS31 327.3). These Index figures will be used for the purposes 

ofcalculatine payments of principal and interest due in respect of the 
evant funner tranches or stock. 

The relevant Index figures forihe half-yearly interesi pavmenison the 
Stocks are as follows; 

Interest ravaNc 
August ' 



Relevant Index figure 

Published in Relating to 

July of the previous year June 

January of the same year December 

September of the previous year August 
March of the same year * February 

The further tranche of 21 per cent Index-Linked Treasury Stock. 2013 
has been issued on an ev-dividend basis and will not rank for the 

interest payment due on 16th August 1986 on the existing Stock. The 
t'unher tranche of 21 percent Index-Linked Trcasurv Slock. 2020 will 
rank fora lull six months' interest on 16th October 1986. 

Each of the Slocks referred to in this notice is specified under paragraph 
I of Schedule 2 to the Capital Gains Tax Act 1979 as a gill-edged 
security (under current legislation exempt from tax on capital gams, 
irrespective of the period for which the Stock is held). 

ue\ eminent statement 

Attention is drawn to the statement issued by Her Majestv’s Treasury 
on-29ih May 1985 which explained thai. in the interest of the orderly 
conduct of fiscal policy, neither Her Majesty's Government nor the 
Bank of England or Iheir respective servants or agents undertake to 
div.ii we tax changes decided on but not yet announced, even when 
they ttiav specifically affect the terms on which, or the conditions undi r 
which, then? further 'tranches ofsicvk are issued or muM by or on behalf i 
cl the Government or the Ebnl: thut r.-> isn there:-, re i 

be accepthd for any omission to make such div. ; .»ure. and that such 1 
umivs.ton shall neither render any inm«dvin<n luh e to be set aside no; 
give nee to any claim for compensation. 


1 mnth 6.40-6.30 3inmh 6.4ML30 
6 mntn 6.40-&30 12mth 6.40-6.30 

ihe Government tries to en- 
sure that the market will be 
receptive. In the US, the 
government auctions stock 
when it feels like iL The 
market has a good idea of 
what treasury funding is going 
to take place about a month in 
advance and firms can then 
avoid these days when raising 

The Securities and Ex- 
change Commission monitors 
forthcoming issues through 
the system of “shelf 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

The car rental market 
wonh about £270 million a 
year in sales, is likely to shrink 
this year, hit by declines in the 
leisure sector and business 

registration" wherby blocks of 
shares are on the SECs shelf 
for issue when required, but 
bunching of issues is more 
likely lo occur. 

Mr Tim Hazel!, analyst at 
the brokers, Phillips & Drew 
said: “If the market is weak, 
there may be only six inches of 
secondary issue announce- 
ments in the weekly news- 
paper, Barrons. If the market 
is strong, it will be three times 
that on a conservative 

Meanwhile, the Accounting 
Standard Committee is in 
danger of bei ng acutely embar- 
rassed by abuse of its standard 
governing accounting for ac- 
quisitions and mergers, SSAP 

As a general principle, 
accounting rules should be 
neutral as far as business 
decision-making is concerned. 
But by allowing merger 
accounting, SSAP 23 pos- 
itively encourages the use of 
equity rather than cash for 
making acquisitions. 

The acquiring company ob- 
tains considerable advantages 
— not least because it need not 
create a goodwill accounL It 
therefore avoids reducing its 
earnings while the goodwill is 
being written off. 

Through the use of vendor 
placings, issuing companies 
are driving a coach and horses 
through SSAP 23. Vendor 
placings are in serious danger 
of becoming an artificial de- 
vice to allow companies to 
merger accounL 

The standard is open to 
abuse, and it needs to be 
lightened up. Indeed, the law 
needs to be lightened up. But 
the processes of the law, and 
indeed of the Accounting 
Standards Committee can be 
ponderous and slow. 

The big bang will not wait 
But what has been revealed is 
that companies and their advi- 
sors are only too ready to 
exploit loopholes. 

What is alio being revealed 
is that every time one set of 
rules is changed, it affects 
other parts of the regulatory 
framework. It is a bit like 
■trying to rearrange the bricks 
in a wall. If some of the bricks 
are removed, other parts of 
the structure start to fall down. 
How much easier it would be 
if we could start again with a 
new walL 

One of the few growth areas ! 
is renting prestige cars such as , 
Porsches. said Mr John How- 
ard. managing director of 1 
Hertz UK. one of Britain's top 
three car renters. 

He added: “It is in the 
South-east that the prestige 
cars are in demand and the 
City of London has a lot to do 
with iL We are running at up 
to 500 rentals a month, double 
the rate we had been seeing." 

Hertz, which claims to be 
the world's largest car rental 
operation, is now part of 
United Airlines. Its main 
competitors in Britain are 
European Avis and Swan 

The drop in the number of 
American visitors . including 
business travellers, in the 
wake of the terrorism scares 
earlier this year, compounded 
by the weaker buying power of 
the American dollar, hit the j 
leisure sector in car rental J 

Mr Howard said: "The 
Hertz leisure product out of 
the United States was down 20 i 
per cent earlier this year and 
the total market was further 
down. But there has been a j 
resurgence in July and Hertz is | 
just about getting back to the ; 
big volumes seen in the simi- i 
lar period of last year." I 

There was also a sharp 
decline in business usage in 
May and that sector generally 
was probably down by be- 
tween 5 and 6 per. cenL he 

British companies had been 
cutting back on car rental for 
several months, so he was 
cautious about prospects for 
any growth in this sector this 

The leisure sector for the car 
rental industry overall was 
likely to be down this year. 
Bui Hertz was set lo beat last 
year's results because there 
had been offsets in the leisure 
sector such as growth in the 
number of travellers from 
Europe, Mr Howard said 
Hertz was also making further 
inroads into the half of the car 
rental market which has been 
in the hands oflocal garages. 

Carol Ferguson 

And it had attacked the 
business market with what it 
claimed was the best service in 
the industry. Hertz believes 
there is a group of business 
users willing to pay for 



7 days 6X-6 l i« 
7 days 4K-4X 
3 mnth 4V4K 
rrcficn n»c 
7 days 7M 
3 mnth 7X-7K 
Swiss Franc 
7 days 2X-2K 
3 mnth 4V4X. 

7 days 4X-4X 
3 mnth 




4 ,, ib-4 b i« 
5*-4* , 

Krugerrand' (per con); 

S 38L50-370.00 (£244754250.73) 

sea 00-89. ooj 

•Excludes VAT 



Armlets: S4SQ-1M alkxod: £100M 

Bios: E97.G15% received: 40% 

Last week; £97.630% lecafead: £80% 
AvgeratK E9_5445% la# wk £9-5021% 
Next week; C1Q0M replace riOOM 

Fixed Rate Sterling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average ralerenoa rate tor 
Interest period July 2. 1986 to 
August 5. 1988 industa 10.009 par 


TODAY - — Interims: Henry 
Ansbacher Holdings. Bio- 
technology Investments. Ca- 
nadian Pacific. Debron 
Investments. Jamesons Choc- 
olates. Renown Inc, Transport 
Development Group. Finals: 
Andre de Brett, English TrusL 
Howard Shuttering. Stone 

TOMORROW - Interims: 
Capital & Counties. Davies & 
Metcalfe (amended). Metal 
Bulletin. Technical Compo- 
nent Industries. Ultramar. 
Unidare. Unilever (second 
quarter). Wood house & 
Rixson. Finals: Matthew 
Dark and Sons. GM Firth. 
Meat Trade Suppliers. Porter 
Chadbum. Restmor. 
WEDNESDAY - Interims: 
Commercial Union Assur- 
ance. Foreign & Colonial 
Investment Trust General 
Accident Fire & Life. Philips’ 
Lamps Holding (quarterly). 
Trcnche rwood. Finals: J 
Saville Gordon. 

THURSDAY — Interims: 
Appleyard Group. ASEA, 
BBA Group. Buffers. Channel 
Islands and International . 
InvcstmenL Corah. F & C 1 
Enterprise TrusL Good Re la- 1 
lions Group. Novo lndustri 
(second quarter). Olives Paper 
Mill. Plessey (quarterly). 
Rock. Royal Insurance. 
Finals: Abbey PLC. Gnome 
Photographic Products. 
Group Investors. Hambro 
Countrywide. McKay Securi- 
ties. Louis Newmark, Victor 

FRIDAY - Interims: 
Algcmene Bank Nederland. T 
Clarke. Consolidated Tem 
Investments (amended). EBC 
Group. Finals: Jos Holdings. 
Wholesale Fittings. 




•Hlh August 19S6 




Mam & Company 


Ctotank Sartwsf ! 

Consolidated Ords 

Ccnonsmat Trust. 

Co-operative Bank 

P. Hoare & Co— 

Hone Hong & Shanghai... 

LLoyos Baik. 

Nat Westmmsta 

Royal Bank of Scotland ~ 

TSp _ 

Citibank NA 

- 10 . 00 % 
_ 10 . 00 % 
- 10 . 00 % 
.... 10 . 00 % 
- 10 . 00 % 
... 10 . 00 % 
- 1000 % 
- 10 . 00 % 
- 1000 % 
_ 10 . 00 % 

Base Rstc. 


No justification 
for high yields 

When the annual inflation 
rate was Iasi at the present 
figure of 2'A percent in 1967. 
the yield on long gilts was 
about 6.9 per cenL In con- 
trasL typical current yields on 
long gilts now stand over 2 !6 
per cent higher at a level of 
about 9.5 to 9.75 per cent 
If inflation remains at its 
current level, then the real 
rate of return on long gilts 
would be about 7 per cent - a 
generous return by any stan- 
dards. So an observer may 
well ask: "What’s wrong with 

the market gels of a change in 
policy, or a problem with 
implementation of policy, is a 

sudden surae of gilt sales by 
the Bank or England. 

Just such a surge has in fact 
recently taken place. The 
money supply figures for the 
month to mid-July show that 
the Government sold £1.2 
billion more gilts than was 
necessary to fund the P5BR. 
including calls on previously 
issued stocks. It tried to sell 
even more gilts during that 
month by announcing an 
extremely badly received 
tender of Treasury 856% 2007 
stock, but the issue flopped 
and is still overhanging the 


This behaviour provides 
the market background to the 
discussion in the past two 
weeks' contributions to this 
column about what the objec- 
tives of official policy ac- 
tually are. In November 1985 
the Chancellor formally 
abandoned the official policy 
of “overfunding", that is, 
selling more gilts than was 
necessary to finance the 
PSBR, as a means of control- 
ling the money supply. 

An unwanted side-effect of 
the previous policy was a 
huge build-up of commercial 
bills of exchange in the Bank 
of England. When the Gov- 
ernment sold the extra gifts, it 
created money market short- 
ages which it relieved by 
buying bills. This accumula- 
tion of bills was getting so out 
of hand that the policy would 
have had to have been aban- 
doned anyway. 

However, the Batik of En- 
gland has also discovered a 
clever indirect way of provid- 
ing assistance to the money 
markets. This involves lend- 
ing money to Local Authori- 
ties via the Public Works 
Loans Board, who then give 
inadvertent assistance to the 
money market by repaying 
bank loans or making 

In March and April the 
authorities' desire for this 
cheap finance was so ardent 
that the ceiling of £35 billion 
on these loans was in danger 
of being breached. So. in a 
last-minute amendment to 
the Finance Acl the ceiling 
was raised to £42 billion. 

thegilt-edged market?" 

The answer seems to be 
thaL even though most trad- 
ers in ihe market recognise, 
that it does look cheap, 
bearing in mind the prospects 
for inflation, there are all 
sorts of real or apparent 
problems in the short term. 

The first set of problems 
relates to the currency and 
oil. In July 1985. sterling, 
having traded for four 
months very dose to the level 
of 76 on the exchange rate 
index, suddenly drifted 
downwards, prompting the 
usual rash of bearish 

The foil in the currency 
does mean that with a lag, 
inflation is likely to rise from 

its current cyclical low. How 
ever, the effect will not be 
very great because sterling is 
still strong against the dollar 
in which most commodity 
prices are denominated. The 
fall in sterling could not 

justify the current premium 
of dll vidds over inflation. 

of gill yields over inflation. 

The principal effect of the 
fall in sterling on demand for 
gilts has been to mute de- 
mand from Japanese inves- 
tors. who are by for the major 
source of overseas interest. In 
yen terms, the foil of the 
pound from Y270 to Y230 
has wiped out mosL if not alL 
gains Japanese investors have 
made in the sharp rise in gilts 
in the first quarter ofl 986. 

Oil worries are another 
potential source .of un- 
certainty — but even here, the 
recent Opec oil price agree- 
ment must help sentiment 
Certainly the Chancellor will 
be quite content with the 
current level of oil prices. 
Given the buoyancy of tax 
revenues reflecting both past 
and present economic 
growth, oil prices around 
these levels could lead to a 
considerable undershoot on 
the current Public Sector 

Borrowing Requirement tar- 
get of £7 billion. 

Another more nebulous 
concern is confusion 
surrounding the objectives of 
Government's monetary pol- 
icy. The problem here is that 
it does not' spoon-feed the 
marker with information 
about its objectives (in con- 
trast to the US Federal Re- 
serve Board). It can often 
happen that the first inkling 

These technical manoeu- 
vres do not signal yet a 
further change of policy. 
They do mean, however, that 
overfunding can come back 
without a rise in the bill 

Alternatively, the bill hold- 
ings can be reduced, as they 
have been, and then a bout of 
overfunding can follow later 
which rebuilds the holdings,, 
as dearly- happened in July. 
The Government Iras now 
greater freedom of action. 

As the money supply, mea- ' 

sured by sterling M3, is still 
growing at I9 !m per cent a 
year, the Government must 
be sorely tempted to resort to 
at least temporary 
overfunding. However, its 
recent actions in the market 
arc still just consistent with 
the officially declared policy 
of no-overfunding, so for the 
time being it must be given 
the benefit of the doubL 

Another fact which would 
be regarded as going against 
the market is the political 
uncertainty arising from the 
next General Election. Most 
traders would expect either 
higher gilt sales or higher 
inflation, or both, to arise 
from any alternatives to the 
present Government's poli- 
cies. (It is fair to say that 
worries about this do not 
appear to be a major factor in 
the markeL although perhaps 
they should be.) 

Apart from the rather neg- 
ative arguments considered 
above, there are many good 
reasons for buying. Public 
spending is under controL 
There is more likely to be an 
undershoot than an over- 
shoot on the PSBR target of 
£7 billion, especially if the 
sterling price of oil remains at 
present levels. 

The current yield margin of 
about 2 percent of UK bonds 
over US bonds is quite high 
on the history of the past two 
years. The Plaza Accord, 
which is likely to lead to 
continuing moves to boost 
the world economy by the 
concerted international 
lowering of short-term in- 
terest rates, is still intact and 
is unlikely to rekindle world 
inflation, in today's disinfla- 
tionary climate. 

Many factors that are bear- 
ish for equities, such as 
worries about the pace of 
economic growth both in the 
UK and worldwide, should 
be good for bonds. 

In terms of absolute value, 
bonds worldwide are hardly 
reflecting the tremendous 
progress made against infla- 
tion over the past few yeans. 
In the UK. conditions are 
particularly favourable be- 
cause of the low level of 
public borrowing compared 
to the US or Japan. 

From a medium-term 
perspective, in its obsession 
with guessing what the UK 
authorities are going to do , 
nexL the market does seem to 
be ignoring the fun- 
damentals. To revert to the 
question asked at the outset - 
what's wrong with the gilt- 
edged market? The answer 
seems to be: nothing that can 
justify the current high level | 
of yields relative to inflation. 

Dr Richard Golding 

The author is head of bond 
market research at Kleinwort 
Grieveson and Company. 

Industrial boom in South-east 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

Industry in the South-east is 
still bucking the national trend 
with a wide range of com- 
panies reporting rising orders 
and outpuL The claim comes 
from Mr Frank 
Middeihwaite. chairman of 
the south eastern regional 
council of the Confederation 
of British Industry, whose 
recent quarterly trends survey 
showed that — taking the 
country as a whole — manu- 

facturing was in the doldrums 
although there was some 
expectation that output would 
pick up, probably about the 
turn of the year. 

Mr Micklethwaite said: 
"Business is good for many 
firms in KenL Surrey and 
Sussex. Right across the re- 
gion firms in a wide range of 
industries, including electron- 
ics, communications, comput- 
ers, packaging and paper and 

board are reporting that orders 
and output are up." 

Patchy industrial perfor- 
mance outside the South-east 
accounted for the national 

One South-east company 
found that while it could sell 
well in its own region the' 
further north and west it 
penetrated the worse business 


Brewers of traditional Burton beers including the renowned Pedigree 
& Low t? Pale Ales and Pilsner Lager 

Results for the year 
to 31st March 1986 


Profit before Taxation 
Profit retained in the 

Earnings per share 
Dividend per share 
Dividend Cover 
Net Assets per Share 

Year Ended 31st March 
1986 1985 

£000 S’000 

69,623 66,535 
9,866 8,384 











•Total beer TOlumes were down, butsates • Sales of bottled Low *C increased bv rat 
of our own beets increased. t 

• Draught Pedigree continued to make company, WH 

gains in the free trade. resulted in satisfactory volume increases. 


The Secretary, Marston, Thompson & Everehed Din 
The Brewery, Shobnall Road, Burton-on-Trent DE 14 2BW. 


or SI1 

Copies of the report & accounts can be obtained from the address above. 




ficati 0ll 
1 yields 




‘mu • 


jh’ luiis m p„. ■ 

Junior market holds key 
for small entrepreneurs 

l*Lh.r ; 
rutr*. i. \:. 

‘i -W'U t \ 1 
■i-- than 
A the 

r. iU,. » II*;;..; . 
‘flT-.l J.i 
tjthilll- III,,. 
n-u:J* is-.y j.j 

S' % ,*;»i ■ " 

n:f JiSiHidi-. 

p-HHSV*, t*-., 

hr fuv. 

.Jj.'Hv ?*, . 

t>;jl (It;* 

»Vi»H ,v 

»6**l»Urt i*s\ 
"J msp.m:-:. 
oif •. 

«$'. Slll.t 
s'.*. v> .•■ 

*"•& i-onti.*'- 


Mill- t ; 

tosu \ »,> .. 
’! * •MiiSIH H ;.:i 
<• jn i*sr li.i! * 
j.'st th.- «... . 
»ri1tjp:K ;• 

nurkv 1 } ; 
U* JlV»R 

JHltiil W: 

\ fiocu 

Bank »»« * :*• 
dlH'mer-.-.i . 
•S> 05 p* * • i • 
n the «!»••:. • 
ls;.q'Cs U~V. 

'tiNti W 

fw« I fir?: ■•••. 
tM«*v t < 
h* s.-jv . 

K* XjK:! : 
.,»% 1 L ' .) . • 

*J« -7 

v.1 s.. • .• 


1 riv - 

; t 

■ i‘. • 

v 't*Y ; 
hv • 

i ■ ■■ * 

■ in 'i- * 

l*W • • 

*iV>‘ .•• 

H< !‘v =1 • 

hr »:*•:••• 

«.-•! •• • 


l’ Jv. • . 

" n‘ n %i 
• Sf' 

'• 1:1 U<* 

1 1 

' '-HU * 

■ T;^ 
: • 


■ ■ '■ ■; ^ 

v : “ 

■ s -.niavS? 

• • m' if ' C r ‘% 

• - v f 


. ' ' :r nu ^i jj, 

|, «ij lo E 
• • ;ii.n n #k 

. . .V’ ,,n,,,r “ 

; , ii - mih img. 

>v • r '.'«iiU) ! i 

: ■ , :n 
’••• -iinuu* 


■ ■ ■ lhc E 

" *-* , *Jh }vns F 
' •'•■rVjuiik j. 

• - VoJ* 

11 ; , , ’Vi!»{.. 


• i^v'l 

• K ;-'r :i;r 

One of the most under- 
researched areas on the USM 
is the property sector but there 
are a number of companies 
that have chosen to use the 
secondary market as a route to 
raising capital which has still 
succeeded in attracting 
considerable interest. 

The background to the di- 
rect property market over the 
last fiveyears has been diScuh 
because qf the poor commer- 
cial rental growth in the 
aftermath of the 1980/81 
recession. Large amounts of 
industrial and office spaa 
were available in the early 
1980s* much of which was 
perceived _ as increasingly 
obsolescent while the change 
in sentiment towards inflation 
and' the need for the tra- 
ditional inflation hedge which 
property investment has al- 
ways provided also under- 
mined . institutional 

The amount of available 
industrial and office space has 
however begun to decline 
since 1983 and this has pro- 
vided the opportunity for 
young property development 

• BESTWOOD: The company 
is to buy Property Building & 
Maintenance (London). PBM is 
a private company with an 
annual turnover of £L2 million 
and is in the maintenance, 
refurbishment and specialist, 
dean rag of commercial property 
in the Greater London area. The 
vendors ofPBM have warranted 
that pretax profits for 1986 will 
be not less than £400,000. 

company has bought the 
remainder of Moriynn Ceramics 
from Ceramo NZ. Moriynn’s 
sales in 1986 will be about 
AusJ25 million (£10.35 

TION & FINANCE: Half-year 

companies who sell on their 
develop merits on completion 
to fund their next projecis and 
whose, profits are primarily 
derived from the develop- 
ments. not from rental in- 

For these entrepreneurial 
companies a USM listing has 
particular advantages. It pro- 
vides the ability to finance 
future acquisitions with the 
issue of paper and the means 
to incentivize key members of 
the management team as for 
all public companies, but also 
of particular importance to a 
cash hungry property com- 
pany, it enables the founder 
shareholders to retain a 
significant stake, in their busi- 
ness while attracting; an ade- 
quate amount -of outside 

The most successful prop- 
erty stock floated on the USM 
has recently graduated to afiifl 
listing by means of a- reverse 
takeover. Clayform Properties 
joined the USM in April. 1985 
with a track, record which 
showed the management's 
ability to develop major retail 
and hi-tech developments- An 

to June 30. Net pretax income 
. R9. IS. million (£2.36 million), 
against R9.7S million. Turnover 
R41.77 million (R43J2 mil- 
lion). Interim dividend 7J$ cents 
(10 cents). Earnings per share 18 
cents (22.6 cents). . 

• JW SPEAR & SONS: Half- 
year to June 30. Turnover £3.54 
million (£3.23 million). Pretax 
loss £80,000 (profit £35.000). 
Loss per share l-2p (earnings 
0.5pX The board is expecting a 
higher increase in turnover Tor 
the second halt leading to a 
“satisfactory result** for 1986 as 
a whole. 

tax loss for 1 985 lr£1.43 million 
(£L3 million), against a loss of 
In£1.33 million. Turnover 

-ambitious bid for the depart- 
ment' store group Owen Owen 
for the purpose of redevelop- 
ment was thwarted last sum- 
mer by a counter offer from 
Ward White but the group 
made good progress with its 
own development programme 
especially .the Schofield Shop- 
ping Centre in Leeds which 
will cover over 250.000 sq ft. 

In June the company an- 
nounced an agreed mercer 
with Samuel Properties whlot 
valued Samuels at £86 mil- 
lion. The acquisition provides 
Clayform with the opportu- 
- nity to increase its asset base 
so that a greater proportion of 
its developments can be re- 
tained and financed . in- 
ternally. There is perhaps an 
irony that a company whose 
shares have appreciated be- 
cause it has been a property 
trader and has avoided the 
dullness of rental income 
stocks should seek to turn 
itself into such a vehicle as it 
matures. It will however be 
better equipped to withstand 
any downturn in the develop- 
ment cycle. 

At an earlier stage of 

Ir£4L2 million (Tr£40.77 mil- 
lion)- Loss per share 2.8 d (5.6p). 
Half-year to June 28. 1986: 

Half-year to June 28, 1986: 
Pretax profit Ir£23,000 (loss 
WE497.000). Turnover U£21.76 
million (Ir£22. ] ! million). Earn- 
ings per share 0.05p (loss 23p). 

(enlarged group): Six months to 
June 30. Pretax profit £1.16 
million (£843,000). Earnings per 
share 3.02p (2.02p). The board 
intends to declare an interim 
dividend ofOASpas soon as the 

reor ganiz ation of die enlarged 
group has been completed and it 
has sufficient distribution 

HOLDINGS: Spinneys Aiistra- 

• •. o’. 

: -'i • 

. ■o : . i 

• . -, - 
Tr . : 
■i. • n 
• • . 

. •u*:.'— 

i )r Richard Ci 

i in South-east Ls 

Mhnliia! 1 

’.ft/ =!• •' v 

■■•1 •; '•>: ' 


■ the ye 3 i 
.rch 1986 

cw wte wn m 

E Company FnoB) 

S2B7.0O0 AJUGp 9 

SJM&0QQ MK SMccson . » 

7.729000 Abtnvcrasi 118 

4 ,860800 AMkmoi Slfc Hm 38 

uw SmtM 

27 Sm Acorn Comp 42 

540000 AOS 10 

3 g S0-0oa Adam Iran m 


6562.000 A4SPM9 108 

295m AM a 260 

12 In Anaka SacwiHs 138 

6.100.000 Alder 10* 

8033 000 AppMim 1» . 

26 'm App HoioyapW ca 2«S 

Do Wmn 206 

245m Asoen Commt 328 

707m AsoraB 138 

101 4a a cmer 573 

2.146000 Assoc Enanw 31 

132m a£D IBS 

3 156 mm Anas Emwi f2t 

5X00000 Aisomaec 08 

5644000 BBS Cwson ffl 

5550000 BPP 200 

4J23000 BTS Gfp - ' 

353.000 Brolora ftWHsm) ' TOL,. 
143m D w m I ftwoii 23 

3563000 Bensons Quo* 48 

125m BsrlcMmr 6 )to 13 - 

7565000 Bototof Esp 31 

673m 8«MiM Op 433 - 

1 920000 Bo isoum ' 15 

1921 000 Bwfncnsnica 23 

8.4D0D00 Bp« 42 

5.400000 BWKWMS- IWB'. 

MJm BbaM Toy* 71 5 

Bonsnd . T39 

3 565000 BKwiMr 
5 957.000 Brtai tlS 

6582-000 arm 130 

lean Bnoroa S«C 112 

666< 000 Sr ffloowwc* . 185 

9 DOO OOO Br Kand . 50 

123m Bniokmoanr 273 

9.000.000 Blown |D»W 150 

&S26-000 Bryant iDonkl 280 

l — Bute RWOurCBS 3 

3 ijiiAXi cca ouenes 76 

117m CM. ucm 180 

142OJW0 CPS Comp 
4883.WI CPU Comp 30 

713m CVD 170 

CaWonmn Ofl EH 

3250.000 Camomeh. 66 

273m Ctennon SneM Irw 136 

782m Csraral TV 325 

147m ensnemy Sscs im 

3800000 Ovdoppi Braps 95 
138m ensues Msn 128 

243000 Chsm MemoOS 7 

nsncnesnw W 235 ■ 

1870.000 01* 12 

39S6080 CacatoM • 75 

II 3m Cterke -Hooper 153 

2 771 000 Ckmau OoU 20 

I3<kn CW 04 tegs 31 

142m CnM EJmsnxlM SO 

182m CW»J EnwiAI SB 

104m Cobne 113 

8333000 Crttowi V* 7S 

5.935000 Comp Fmlncal 153 

1648-000 Compsrt 48 

9J66.000 tkVBJlanO 100 i 

2S33 000 COM T«m Iny* 50 

6431 000 Coml Uoomn 253 

6836.000 Cowls' 03 

11 8m OTA 11B 

4885000 Q-ancrom 3*5 

4 400.000 Cnmco* 55 

533600!: Cwsmok 108 

4244 000 Crawn Loogn 75 

646* 000 Cioam Ml 68 

51204*0 Cams 80 

42174300 BBE Tedi *5 

10 4m DDT 161. I 

4263.000 DJ Sac Awms 105 

9.750.000 Dan on 65 

9998DOODbwss(OY1 197 

54C2080 Man 8 Bowas 01 

1 JSJOOOO De Bran (Anora) 23 

11 Dwjfey M4 

2637 000 Dafener 40 

233m DeOctMl _ 138 

3 083 000 Denmans SBC 75 1 

3856000 Dewey IWIOI 90 

7.4284*0 DQIene 195 

263m Du* 420 

3693000 Dumcn 20' 

4.2I2000 EaOe 47 

13*5 EUng Qad Opnca m 

1.962 008 Ecetrc 22' 

36 7m EtJ*i funa 245 

2452.000 Eon Secs 23 

28.6m Bdnage POO* A 374 

9 937 000 Pecmy, HOUM 118 

7.495000 Oectrcnc Dsn P 88 

133m Emu 25 

500.000 E me n amm ani Pwd 7 

i08m Eaupu 155 

21 1m FD 245 

204m FKB Gp 228 

12.7m FlH Croup 135 

4 638000 EftMBOCk' 55 

7352800 Rsgaonx* 29 

, 1875m Hem [Mnl ia 

5.104 000 HstEhM' Dennys 74 

9002000 Ftemscn so 

. 34.6m FlOQtt ■ 1M 

80064)00 PlOrt CM 43 

Pnes digs Cion Dlv 
bn cm dw yu 
fnosy wall ponce % PfS 

9 -2' 06 87 11 1 

54 44. 2.1 . as 1*5 

118 *4 35 11 IBB 

38 >2 3.1 82 104 


42 *2 24 

10-3 54 

M -3 .9 14 

IBS -t2 24 14949 

lOB -S 7.7 7.1 .. 

260 -5 23 34 147 

138 +8 23 1J 19.1 

C Company 

Ford & ate Km 
Fun* Cm 
FsBer San 'A 


Gw (Ceofl 
Oteon Lyons 
G4X& Um . 
Gdoon Homs 
B tebol Gp 
Godwin Mm 
Gfxxtmad Pnm 

4 4 14 3«2 

U U 73 
M2 25 174 

114 42 84 
74 5 8 110 
84 9.1 205 
1 4 20-105 
7.1 28 163 

5-7 63-00 

4.4 9,1 64. 
04 24-247 
- 44 
.80 1.4 23.9 

QoAd (Lsunrcn 103 
GrSnyH Soto 65 
&Mn lErMM 120 
Grasnwiai csou 30 
Qrasvenor Sq 85 
Cuernsa* ASanac 180 
Hamposn HmscaiB 73 
Mont 47 

Haney 8 Ttanp 170 
HMb* Emm 235 
HaaBh Cara 48 

Nsavftea - *30 

Do A' IV 390 
- Mnchnon lAsne 144' , 
8263400 Mgb-nami - - 195 
2300400 HMeua pan os 
105m HCa Eigoncn 93 

. Pnea Ch an Gmaa Dm 
test On dll VM 
FfK»y wank pence X PjE 

86 ' 44 54 114 

175 -5 75 *4 11.4 

97 1-7 27 24154 

trn ms 11.7 14 159 

MS *4 4.1 24 20.7 

95 -1 3.7 39.. 

41 U 54124 

03 *5 54 60 154 

1» . *10 41 4A18.4 

15 *4 604 

45 -1 32 71 110 

136 41 3.1 25 174 

119 -3 44 34154 


£ Company 

Prca Chga Gross Dm 
Isat on dm VU 
FMay e«ah panes is P/E 

-15 51 

+2 ’ 35 

105m HSSb Ennwm 93 
4 132000 HttJStm 29 

9461000 FBtfeson . 108- 

4^54.000 Hddan HMiaman 123 
' — Hotaaa Pwaacwn 122 
Howard QflW ■ 335 

HuQMa FOOd 23' 
VAirtwa Bnc 9 
HuMKSwhr 138 
HunHuan Taen 210 
WSTEM 180 

HMK 17 

USca Eneigy 90 
McaHtd eo 

MaromopaTads 190 

34 45114 

24 IBIS* 

1A Z4.3 3.0 
• ' 4 J. 

29 44 143’ 
.4* 27 20,1 
174 44 127. 

3.1 29 134 

31 24 214 

30 424 . 

52 22 254 

■A . 1.0 

15 20 86 
54 Z1 221 

21 20 28.1 
.. 84 

18 14 I9L5 

7.1 142 336 
57 23 144 

3.7 40 12 3 

24 22 114 
74 21 244 

2.1 29 144 

76 72 92 

29 27 159 
64 58 13A 

1.0 14 13.0 


1.7 1.1 MO 

21 24 84 

14 22 94 

-44 -25212 
34 M 194 

24 64 94 

24 2.1 191 
44 72 57 

107 114 8.1 
7.0 34 164 
56 14281 
03 14 154 

25 54 144 

3 f 22 24J) 

04 14 164 

84 35 144 
a 573 
94 26 172 

*4 4.0 134 

23 24 129 

14 204 3.1 
71 44 115 

39 7.T 197 
17 59 24 

36 *9 172 


Inmndson 5 

OO 7*. 165 

tonal (Jack U 26' 

js Pawatagy 3% 

JMuea Van . 173 

Jayotent *B 

Jsbnm 8 

Johnson 5 Jora 123 

Jahnsaonas Pam HO 
Just FkJHMT 56 

KLP 305 

Kara (JcW9 80 

Kenyon Sacs -285- 

Kewd Systems 7S • 

Kbrk-Teudr 75 

CPA md 95 

Lassaw 63 ' 

Lamir TUomaon 100 

Leisure knr *0 

lam - mb 

todga Cara 7b 

ton s Ordeam 115 

Lorbi Bad 188 

Lfsendw PM 2* 

M Cash & Cany 4* 

MBircomp as 

Mcuworan a Har 108 
UmwcWMl 55 
uaEww 70 

Manm Dev 92 

Mann. (RquaW 158 

Mominra B 

kttyfar On 105 

Majhawa foods 125 

Meadow Faffi 220 

m«m Teen ’ 138 

Measi w ara 96 

Memory OoaV • « 
Uemcom tad hubs 21 
Menw-Swan 143 

ManvdiMn Wtae 360 

Metal BuBetta 105 

Metsac 92 

Mental goM. 73 

MXrofita 580 

Mcrouasa 130 

Muoutcc -36 

Mdttad Mm* 173 

Udsiamaer .tans 375 

na-anl Brown 178 

Mm Nuria 180 

■ Mtaamos 

) Morngate Os 138 

1 Moras & Crane 120 

1 Monotype 148 

j uoney t»n 48 

t Morns (Wmwnt is 

) Moss Advemtng 66 

1 MusMdn >63 

1 MIAW Comp 280 

) Stow Ci rial Has 15 

• Domnas _ 3 

Mew Eiward Propa 17 
00 HAT £85 

MoWb 12 

Ncnnfc 126 

Nortaan 55 - 

Noncot Hotels 105 

Ntti sat 0 Gen 21 

wtu name 35 

Omnwai- 32 

■ Oosowwei c s 28 

1 Onwna & LWe 276 

1 Ctomere Abroad 3v 

I PCT 106 

i.ttoaaf System ■ aos 
l Peotic Sun S3 

80 10.1 60 
30 14 529 
21 29 11.7 

14 34144 
610 34 211 
5.7 2* 214 
1.1 26187 
123", 29189 
123 32183 

81 3-1 KC« 

29 33049 

34 28180 
44 87 154 

'60 14 203 

.07 - X0 189 
84 4 A 90 
21 14 253 
32 '14 ISA 

30 175 21 
- . 104 

79 .44 ii 
.. .. 27 

0.7 28 285 

33 1.0 304 

79 .44 383 
04 04 24 0 

.. e .. 03 

54 *4 14JQ 

81D. 55 122 
25 44 94 
47 15172 

23 29 174 
M4 52 124 

1.7. 22113 
. Mb 14 137 

34 -4.9-84 

44 63 74 
54 54 121 

... -194 
84 -37 113 

24 39 138 

80 74.104 
34 14 164 

64 28 187 
108 *3 62 
4j0 73 5.9 
1.4 .20194 

43 41222 
1.1 09 169 
5.4 -25192 
53 29 1M 
43 44225 
232 . . 74 

MM 14 
86 2514.4 
84 24 194 
81 84 144 

34 89 134 

1.7 23 177 

24 04 612 

5.7 44 94 

14 59 154 

37 23 794 
84 10 279 
26 20 388 
7 A 4.1 85 

20 \A 336 
29 33 130 

21 A4 239 

25 34 74 
43 24 141 
66 31 153 
24 180 40 

6208000 PanmaroUa 155 

335n PamMU Gp 490 

286*900 PaiA M let 50 

182a PawM 30 

131m Pamy 6 gaaa 184 

324m Pupa Group 139 

9375900 Pancom 125 

2483000 Partm (J) 28 

Pawn* Cmmuier .. 

9777.000 Peters iMcnaeq 138 

1760900 Penwm 16 

23*0000 PcwWr RachO 30 

2457.000 Pw Pei 29 

2080000 Anascpto ' 58 

2596400 Pbn tamn 118 

1.B4D400 Raamec . *o 

5733400 FWoo 143 

32-ftn PtAfftOB 136 

6ioaooo PayMcn Mame 90 

104m Powersne 83 

8249400 ntmmt ivj 

1439400 Propeny Tsi lOp 4'. 

833400 Do 8p «V 

102m OuesM 230 

. 326400 «a»o Cay A .'33 

2786400 Raon Clyde - 40 

101m Radius '103 

2528 000 Ranoo 01 - 15 

33B54QQ Remus ' 90 

2050400 Ren raw Consol 55 
1219400 Ream Motor - 22 
6907.000- Rwtoi KM5 15l 

2*00400 Rockwood BD 

2202000 Roito 6 Nolan 85 

132m RuOdto |G| an 

14Jm SAC ' 114 

107BI Sangan Pno» 44 

2*02000 Sawn Rat IB 

104m Savage- '125 

'4479400 Scanro 145 

101m S cmi n oMk. 93 

*»3m Sett HennWa 163 

2995400 Secunauam 101 

2481400 SatoeW 21 

174m Stendwick 320 

301m Share Drug 8tm 335 

4.138400 Shewn Jomn B0 

536m Sheraton Sec _£ 

. 7320.000 Srwmcoo Ccmp 220 

112m snwd MO 

448*400 Some, 55 

5427.000 Shns Catering 156 

44 24 183 

14 14 64 

34 22 na 


29 83 32 

4 A 10 204 
21 37 89 
U 43 123 

Storing Pub SB 

SomXsdlET) «' 

SwavXHi Pr Hasp 110 

Bwupm Conm IBS 

1 T 8 S Suxw ZOO 

1 IDS CMOM& 17D 

ITMDAMn 117 
1 T-V AM 150 

1 Tat*. Force 106 

I Tay Hamel 1*0 

) Teen For Bun S3 

I Taen Coop 315 

I Tetoconcuan ISO 

I TM Screw 120 

I Thermo* 129 

1 Therm Soendae 233 

) Thorpac 78 

I Tnstov ISsa) 45 

1 Tod (W8J) 143 

I Towngrafc Sac *0 

I Trade Promooco t« 

1 TmrWMrwood *20 

1 Traon 73 

1 Tyne Tees a 2*5 

) LNd Carnmc 75 

1 UW Fnandv 5*5 

I (M Padtagino * ' 95 

I Usher (FiankJ K 

) VtowBton SB 

) Mnne Ken 68 

1 W«w Deem 95 

) KWOK 16 

) west Yorhsnee 85 

1 wwmi Foods 51 

■ wcfeta 171 

) tftn Sm 8*. 
) IMBam (Rex)-Htta 21 

■ Wngate 

1 wold 52 

I Wotccsmr 157 

1 MSd ot Leeowr 178 

1 Wytt> 77 

53 34 144 
31 14 267 
4 224 


31 14 134 

47 34 133 
23b 86 537 
1.7 01 38 


37 27 172 

29 37 144 

29 33 188 
1.0 23 *9 

44 31124 

24 14 343 

24 64 124 
26 31 11 1 
4.4 34 134 

e ' 84 . 

-44 ItS' 124. 
14 1.4.154 
14 87 34 

7 5 84 131 
29 33132 

. 188 
01 01 .. 

08 14 .. 

29 34 364 

64 24 214 

21 14 1ft7 
XI 37 3*3 

43 M 17.1 

37 39 114 
24 24 181 

*3 28 M2 
29 39 187 

33 17305 
-29 09 383 

86 83 93 , 

1.1 23 193 I 

44 24264 1 

■ 2X3 

04 14 31 , 
57 1719.1 
74 39 114 
44 29 125 
31 37 144 

39 17 123 

17 32 39 

43 29 68 


26 28 132 
29 24 221 

34 35 0 7 

..a 29 

44 43 M.1 

4.7 05 90 

60 34 2*7 

290 10 218 

49 74 204 

11 1.1 224 

43 22 214 
29 1.7 73 
24 2 1 213 

24 23 139 

88 4 7 21 T 

7.7 79 B4 

*3b 1 4 425 
ll 14115 
29 2* 384 
^A 1.1 . . 

26 14 214 

10 44114 

4.1 9.1 02 

4.7 23 207 

16 40 313 
SB 18 181 
7.4 10 201 

IB 22155 

188 7.7 83 

34 72 124 

246 45 .. 

44 57 48 

84 75 101 

18 24212 

2J 31 78 
23 35 114 
04 25 110 

79b 83 115 
29a 57 Wf 
29 1.7 204 


13 82 169 

11 21 464 
7 a 54 184 
86 24 182 

27 48 120 

600.000 xytft 2004 

148m Yeaownammar 143 

— - vetoemn 37 

5720400 von Mown 05 

5011.000 Y(HA * Envoy 59 

1-260000 Do 0h> £90 

1.050400 Zygai Dynames 21 

INVLblMtNI ; H U b I b 

54JW AM 109 

3®2®» Amancd .730 

1M iiu Amet TraM 127 

1904m Ang Amer Sac 333 

1130ni AMOK Assats 9* 

887m Bankers 114 

001m Burry 253 

m2n Br Assets 54 

«2m Br Empra Sue a? 

260 Da Br lm 418 

576m Burner 90 

73.7m <> ascent Japan 219 

180m Derby rt 153 

2<Um Do Cap 133 

S'WW Cona 320 

.■36m Draym Far EM 177 

’Sgm Drayton Japan 717 

■g ;p Duwto Lon 197 

7B6m Edai Amor Asm 99 


JiBKa, ’g 

-SI" J s £ Mancs 112 

a_r?«5 L? Cfrnste 206 

03^1*0 Fail durioM 8 

99 1m Ftsi 8cn amer 310 

.rr: if* im oa« 70 

SS5S lnw 9 * "Bhcan SOS 

323a nemng Qswr 1ST 

’5 J* E*™9 Far EM tM 

aSSST’ 0 : 

SS £ TACh- 144 

65 4m Me Caoaaf 90 

li-SSLiS 1 " 

57 6m general Ftmda ,» 

CflnB 2 S 

42901 Outgo* Stock ■« 

MfiOhi 55e 1D8 

1 1020 Gown AOaaye 126 

IB Jet Gown Cram* Jig 

2130B Gmren SbatMi aj 

144 *4 314 
+7 14 09 

4-17 1.40 02 . 

S 84b 4.1 331 
-2 09 09 774 

■4 4.7 IS 400 

• -9 84 14 574 

-1 55 34 <39 

-2 20 ' 23 52.7 

>3 20 1 * 029 

■24 23 509 
*9 21 10 794 

21 L4 . 

S M3 44 29.7 

-5 0 It T2* '59' 

-12 82 140X3 

• -3 7.4 46aiO 

a -12 129 42 3X7 

+a 1* i.i .. 

• -3 30 27 504 

al3 37 04 . 
-3 31 33 401 

*2 39 29 007 

• -4 13 23 61 J 

1-1 29 23020 

21 2*00.1 

*13 20b 10 

•+l3 26 14940 

a -a i79b 80 z&o 

• 12 14 28 589 

-1 52 *8 378 

•2 -400 29424 

+12 M 15 854 
+1 81 24-814 





• *10 


22 333 




34 389 




52 294 




1i| . 


. -8 


24 754 




82 161 






37 401 







34 274 

48 . 



5-7 144 







615 54 294 






77n 82274 


• -4 

7.16 4 4 329 







■if £5 







3.1 UM 



74 181 







14 991 


24 329 


7.76 2-1 089 






+B ■ 





1* 97* 

44 384 


80b &4 202 



5.1 274 






44b 8* *93 



£5 014 



1Q3b 85*14 






a * i? 0 




£6 924 
30 355 

896 4.8 30.1 


+i - 



r 14 . 


a*4m TR Avsmp 96 
1003m TR C*y Of Lon DM105 
4090a Tr tad 1 Gen 109 
654m TR Natural Res 219 
582a TR Now Ananea 91 
1191m TR Paobc Bun its 
7BL0BI TR Prootrty JW 
2160m TR Teen I0o 

140.7m th Trusses IBS 
Bt.Tm lasete Bar u» 

352im Thwwwnon 272 

. 122m TnroQ SacmM Cap 350 
704m Trans Osegmc 'B5 

707m TWona 138 

21 6a TmjNMD Me 90 

lB6Aa.US Debenwe 270 
1*4* W<tag Raaouwa 30 
.S2L2m Waopool . 54 

3N7m Mom . 96 

-41 Obi VecAun 3*0 

33 19 298 
830 64 2*4 
17 34*04 
119 5* 234 

24 24*82 
I* 09 . 
57 32 394 
26 24*74 
60 34 3*4 
61b 54 5B3 
119b *4 325 

55 28*89 
*0 29 395 
154 174 81 
93 845*1 
29b 81 17.7 
22 *1 388 
*4 44 6*4 
15.1 & 44 381 


B«n.7m tastnean Express 
900* 000 togyle 
11 2 m Sousuaa 
2572m Bn u n ma Arrow 
972* Daey MM 
822m DO 'A 
205.9m Been . 

2*9* Eng inm 
5384m So 
I 20 ai EapmaMPi 
3*9m Fw wigam 
11.7m Frost Gp 
276m Goode ID « U) 
J71 7m HencWioo Aon 
190 lm MAI- 
lIMm I* 6 0 
2009m itoeam House 
■ 574m PaohC lm Tsi 

Do UWrants 

*53m BfBtn New Codfl 


•-I 1 * 










44 154 



U 134 




34 131 




43 314 




34 163 




25 147 








13 335 




77 89 




24 324 




22 18 * 


124B 8* 83 




64 87 

















61 61 

development is Brookmouni 
which joined the USM in 
January this year. The Group 
has principally three invest- 
ment properties - namely 
large shopping centres located 
in Northern Ireland which 
offers a source of revenue and 
cashflow from which the 
group can finance develop- 
ment projects either directly 
or jointly with partners. Major 
projects include the 
redevelopment of the 
Brooklands Race Circuit to 
include industrial retail office 
and leisure schemes arid a 
60.000 sq ft office develop- 
ment at Uxbridge. 

The majority of the £2.1 
million gross profit in the year 
to March 1986 came from 
rental income but this balance 
is likely to shift as more 
development projects get 
underway. At 290p the shares 
stand at a premium to net 
asset value of 221p but it is 
unlikely to move to a 

Isabel Uns worth 

The author is a member of the 
small companies unit at Phil- 
lips and Drew. 

Ha, a subsidiary, has won a 
major contract with OK. Tedi 
Mining at its gold and copper 
mine in the western province of 
Papua New Guinea. The con- 
tract will be worth more than £5 
million a year over the con tract 

DUCE: The company is to buy 
DT -Duggins, which is based in 
Bromsgrove, West Midlands, 
for £129 milli on in cash. 
Duggins operates abattoir and 
related facilities from freehold 
premises conveniently situated 
for Meadow Farm's operations 
at Brieriey Hill and specializes 
in the slaughter of beef and 


British Telecomm unica- , 
lions: Mr Graeme Odgers will | 
become deputy chairman . 
from October 1 in succession 
to Mr Deryk Vattder Weyer. 

Geest' Mr David Brown is 
the new executive director. 

Tandem Computers: Mr 
Walter VVriston has been 
elected to the board. 

Toyota (GB): Mr Nick Dog- 
ger has become legal and 
personnel director. 

Porvain Mr Brian Webb 
has been made a director. 

John Howjit Group: Mr 
Geoffrey Kent has joined the 

Smith New Court Agency: 
Mr Roger Aylard has been 
appointed assistant director, 

Hospital Capital Corpora- 
tion: Mr Humphrey NichoHs 
has . been made managing 

Octagon Investment 
Management: Mr Christopher 
Rowlands is now managing 

JH Minet Mr Nick Martin 
has been made executive 
director of the North Ameri- 
can marine division. 

BAA: Sir Norman Payne, 
Mr JE Boyd, Mr J Mulkem, 
Mr HG Ashton. Mr JM 
Drinkwater, Mr DMG King, 
Mr WC Shaw and Mr S 
WeigheU have been appointed 
to the board. Sir Norman has 
been made chairman and Mr 
Boyd deputy chairman. 

The following have joined 
the boards of the subsidiaries 
of which Mr J Grice has been 
made company secretary: 

Heathrow Airport: Mr 
DMG King is now chairman 
and managing director and 
Mr A Proctor deputy manag- 
ing director. 

Gatwick Airport: Mr GD 
Bell has been appointed chair- 
man and managing director 
and Mr V Murphy deputy 
managing director. 

Stansled Airport: Mr AJ 
Munds has been named as 
chairman and managingdirec- 
tor, with Mr GJ Ambrose as 
director, airport operations 
and Mr AR Westbrook direc- 
tor, Stansled development 
Scottish Airports: Mr JE 
Boyd has been made chair- 
man (part-time). Dr WG Wat- 
son managing director and Mr 
H Pageot deputy managing 

Glasgow Airport: Dr WG 
Watson has become chairman 
and Mr D Robots managing 

Edinburgh Airport' Dr WG 
Watson has been appointed 
chairman with Mr I Badger as 
managing director. 

Aberdeen Airport Dr WG 
Watson is chairman and Mr 
C C Barlow manag in g direc- 

t COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 1 

Borne concentrates 
minds of the beerage 

As they head for the grouse moors, the 
brewers have more on iheir minds 
-than the birds. In recent momJis, the 
brewing industry has had some 
powerful shocks to the system. The 
predatory drive of outsiders like John 
Elliott and Lord Hanson have threat- 
ened the slants quo , but the unkindest 
cut of all is the decision of Sir Gordon 
Borrie, Director General of Fair 
Trading, to ask the Monopolies and 
Mergers Commission to investigate 
the industry. 

In the two years the investigation 
will take, the brewers will have their 
work cut out to persuade the MMC 
that, the structure of the industry, held 
together by the tied house system, 
should not be reformed in a radical 
manner. If they faiL the practices and 
habits of a commercial lifetime might 
have to be abandoned. 

The brewers have a great deal to 
lose and they can be relied upon to de- 
fend their estate to the last drop of tied 
beer. Through their well-fortified 
trade association, the Brewers’ Soci- 
ety, they have moved quickly to retain 
the seasoned services of Jeremy 
Leaver, QC. They have also set up a 
high-level defence committee under 
the leadership of Ian Prosser, heir- 
apparent to Sir Derek Palmar at Bass 
and the industry's most prominent 
intellectual. He is thought to be the 
best qualified man to take on those 
clever chaps at the MMC. 

Alongside him will be Sir Derrick 
Holden-Brown, chairman of Allied- 
Lyons, Allen Sheppard, head of the 
Watney-Truman division of Grand 
Metropolitan, and Anthony Fuller, 
the next chairman of the Brewers* 
Society, and spokesman for the 
“small” brewers. • 

Sir Derrick is a hardened as well as a 
polished performer. He is currently 
undergoing the MMC treatment (the 
report on Elders' bid for Allied should 
be with the Secretary of State next 
month). Allen Sheppard is another 
shrewd choice, for two reasons. He is 
tough and determined. And Grand 
Metropolitan's vigorous competitive 
discounting of beer prices helped 
persuade the demon Borrie that the 
industry's price structure is too high 
and at least bears examination. 

The brewers tried to deflect Sir 
Gordon by pointing out that the 
industry had been investigated before, 
at great cost in management time. 

There have been two major in- 
quiries in the last 20 years, by the 
MMC in the late 1960s, and the 
European Commission in the early 


1980s. The brewers claim that these 
led to significant changes. In practical 
terms, it is hard to see much impact 
Not surprisingly, perhaps, because 
both inquiries concluded that the tied 
estate system was wrong because it 
restricted consumer choice and kept 
prices up. but it was so entrenched 
that a major effort of political will 
would be needed to make any 
fundamental change. 

Having identified the lied house as 
the chief reason why the price of beer 
was so high.ihe MMC suggested a 
series of pub swaps to reduce the level 
of regional concentration of pub 
ownership. The brewers happily 

Since then, the real price ofbeer has 
risen by about 1 per cent a year. 

The EEC investigation focused 
largely on consumer choice. Its 
recommendations did result in a 
loosening of the tic for tenants only on 
wines and spirits — again to the relief 
of the brewers. Spirits brands not 
ow-ned by the brewers now have better 
distribution in tenanted houses than 
in managed houses. Nonetheless, the 
leading brands are still not as widely 
available in tenanted as in free houses. 

Furthermore, the focus on spirits 
meant that other beverages such as 
beer, cider, and soft drinks were 
unaffected. Less than 1 per cent of 
bitter sold in tied pubs is produced by 
a brewer other than the brewer owning 
the pub. The charge against the 
brewers is thus that they still exercise 
virtually complete control over choice 
of brands. 

The brewers argue that if the tie 
were weakened or abolished, the 
choice of brands would actually be 
more restricted. This is a doubtful 
claim, since existing brands that are 
popular would probably thrive in a 
more competitive environment. As 
for the survival of local brands, the 
brewers have been compelled to 
preserve regional ales because of 
consumer pressures. 

High prices, high costs, falling sales, 
and tiny exports sill point to the need 
for change in the industry. If the 
Brewers' Society is as confident as it 
says that there is no case to answer, or 
if there is a case, it has the answer, it 
should not lament “the cost of 
management time” involved in the 
MMC investigation. Whether through 
the agency of the commission or other 
means like takeovers, the industry is 
in a phase of inevitable change. The 
discipline of having to think about 
fundamentals can do no harm. 

A n i r r c C u U nr i i n c ... ... o i C C C C U U\ 

• i lCDDCD i iu i LinC 4 ■ ClCDjCj it 

New long range air defence [nuclear 
radar ready for launch proof 

l the Famborongfa Air Show GOGGLES 

At the Famborongh Air Show 
from Angnsi 31 to September 7 
Plessey will show for the 
first time its new AR-325 
Commander long-range, three- 
dimensionaL, S Band air defence 

This radar draws on Plessey 
experience gained from over 
twenty AR-3D air defence 
systems in operation around 
the worid, the AR-320 NATO 
Class l radar chosen for the air 
defence of the UK, and 
programmes such as Type 996- 
the Royal Navyls latest surveil- 
lance and laiget indication 


The AR-325 Commanderradar 
is capable of detecting targets 
250 miles distant and operating 
in the most severe electronic 
warfare environment. 

It employs unique patented 
techniques to produce flexible 
pulse patterns which are largely 
responsible for its outstanding 

In its tactical configuration 
.the AR-325 Commander 
provides full facilities forpoint- 
to-point and air-ground-air 
communications, - normally 
contained in a single cabin. 

The PI esse)' Caswell laborato- 
ries are working on an appli- 
cation of PLZT electro-optic 
material to provide nuclear 
flash-proof goggles for aircrew 

PLZT material can literally 
twist fight when placed in an 
electric field. 

When H is coated with trans- 
parent electrodes and placed 
between two cross-polarised 
polarisation filters an electronic- 
ally controllable light shatter can 
be constructed. 

In the case of aircrew goggles, 
for example, a photosensor 
delects the blinding flash of a 
unclear explosion and discon- 
nects the vohage from tbe crystal 
electrodes to block the fight in a 
millionth of a second. 

Plessey has invested over 
250 man-years in developing 
the software and hardware 
associated with the data hand- 
ling and display systems for air 
defence and air traffic control. 

A complete system pro- 
duct, known as ConLroIlet; is 
now available incorporating 

Plessey’s extensive experience These are configured into 
in the field systems tailored to individual 

System architecture offers operational requirements 
the complete range offline- across the complete range ofair 
tions and facilities as separate defence and air traffic control 





Scientists at Plessey have deve- 
loped a heat sensitive probe 
downed to sense ice build-up 

Plessey is supplying integrated 
drenits worth over £L5 mflfioa 
for the Interceptor -the world’s 
first hand-held teletext receiver 
manufactured by Telebeam 
International limited of 

The Interceptor designed 
and assembled in the UK, will 
be available in October 1986 
and is the result of extensive 
collaboration between Plessey 
and Telebeam. 

Plessey was chosen to 
supply the circuits because of 
its proven expertise in pro- 
ducing standard broadcast 

products. Plessey also 
produced the special chips 
designed by Telebeam. 

Apart from public teletext. 
Interceptor will let users in 
large' organisations receive 
confidential or coded 

fared wing aircraft. 

The invention has the 
potential to prevent fatal acci- 
dents like the crash of the 
Boeing 737 into the Potomac 
River in Washington DC in 
1982 which cost 78 lives. 

Techniques currently avail- 
able to stop ice forming are 


The height of high technology. 

n£SSEi WMrAnv i umM^reiradrnurtix til ThrFtnm Compom ph 

primarily on military aircraft. 
However these techniques are 
more complex and only work 
once ice has formed. 

The Plessey invention 
consists of a heated probe ther- 
mostated at a typical 78°C. 
It measures the liquid water in 
the air around the aircraft. 

W>rk on the probe began in 
1980 and it has been tested 
extensively on a number of 
aircraft including Chinook, 
Vtessex and Puma helicopters. 
In all the tests the sensor 
proved 100% reliable, with no 
sign of degradation in its 
erosion-resistant coating. 

The potential for the inven- 
tion is not limited to aircraft. U 
has an obvious application for 
vehicles and agricultural uses. 




| Capitalization and week’s change 

m your portfolio card check your I M. 

share mice movements. Add them I 

From your portfolio card check your 
eight share price movements. Add them 
up to give you your overall total. Check 
this against the daily dividend figure 
published on this page, ir it matches you 
have won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money staled If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 

(Current market price multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the stock quoted) 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings begin today. Dealings end August 29. §Co mango day September 1. Settlement 

day September 8. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

© Tfcm* Ltato4 



Claims required for 
+34 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

No. Coopuy 

Clark (Matthew) 


Cam Milling 

Rea Bros 

Coaies Bros 




Black (Peieri 



Sioihen & Pin 

Canning (W) 



Home Farm 

Glass Glover 

Jones Stroud 

Im Signal St Com 


Prvedv (Alfred) 





Quest Auiomanon 

Star Comp 

Fitdi Lovell 

Ganon Eng 


MS lot 



Building. Roads 

Banks. DhcwiiU 

Banks. Dtscotmi 



Drapery, Stores 

Industrials A-D 

Industrials A-D 

Industrials E*K 


Industrials L-l 

Banka. Disco uni 


Industrials S-Z 

Industrials S-Z 

Draper?. Stores 

Building. Roads 

Indininais S-Z 


Industrials A-D 



Industrials S-Z 


Industrials A-D 

Industrials A-D 

Industrials A-D 

Industrials E-K 

Industrials S-Z 

Industrials L-R 

Industrials A-D 







Nr we 

4843m RomscMd LI) HU 
6569*1 Royl Bnh Of Seal 


• +4 


54 96 




4.7 6.6 

150 m SetVMMK 



1.1193a Stand Ctun 



50 DO 

70 84 

Kfiin Uraon 


• -35 


84 68.8 

1.447 Bm waw Fargo 

34 0m WmVun 




27 134 

Please be sure to take account 
of any mini ts signs 

Weekly Dividend 

39 An AUeraeen Conor 230 

170 7m Amec 265 

3.450.000 ArrtcfcHa 89 

73 1m Atwood* 16? 

957 8m BPS mdustnas 501 
13 An 8aggenoge Bnck 345 
2332m Bmrztl Dam 134 

1.515 000 Conor 29 

29.7m BUM) 172 

9.600.000 Bon Bras 6* 

157m Block toys 920 

7106m 8s* Ode 553 

1C Om BraadonADoud NO 265 
12 7m B r Omogng 74 

4.800.000 Brawn ftJackSOn M 

I3A» Brownlee SB 

85 An Brawn 107 

914m Bivned 3 Halam II 

Cakenead Rooey ISB 

268.5m Cemenr-Roadwone til 

9550.000 Conner Grp 116 

4253*1 Conan 5i0 

419m C<w*vM 466 

19 »■ Craucn iDereh) 153 

7.760.000 Dew (George) 97 

194m Oouglas |RJW 128 
196m EiWi 102 

1 -524.000 Fee 88 

3.166.000 Do -K 62 

12 Bra Federated Hsg 1*2 

53»7.0dH FMan GO 60 

24 7m Gawtard 09 

2.105AM Gem « Dandy Ort121 
383m Gtoeson |MJ) 383 
102 Dm HAT 133 

6.B 10.000 Hetcal BV 227 

66 Im Hewden-stuan GS 
602m Hmrwooa WWame 22* 
68Jm Higgs 5 HA Bin 
1*1 An amuck Johnson 182 
* .3S2JM0 Jams (J) 5 Sans 430 
114 7m Lang (J) *14 

109.0m Do 'A' 412 

21 6m uwrenee (Waeao H 2 
576ai LMy [FJC] 72 

1137m LovefllVJ) 408 

3129m Magnet 5 SouUi 172 
41 Gm Minders 263 

2725m Manav tos 

74 am MirsnaU IHaWu) 193 

9.198.000 May 8 Hasse* 98 

147 Bm McAkm lAltmai 41B 
2294m Meyer M 238 

1580.000 UMr (Survey) 33 

12.7m MM |A| 118 

253 2m Mmnem (Jaiin) 378 
84 An Newarvm 860 

192m Noongnam Bra* its 
282U1 p ersimmon 225 

7553.000 Phoenix Timber 88 

3692.000 Pocrvns 355 

5891m BMC 640 

8924m Rodtand 415 

40 An Rucwrad 281 

2DS6m Rugby Camera 144 
26 9m Snarpe 1 Rllier 136 
8.066 000 Smart (J) BO 

1.«02 4m Tarmac *52 

4492m Taylor Wootkow 311 
24.2m TOwy Grouo 164 
72An Trans ft Arm 417 
5294 000 Trent 77 

7431.000 Tumfl 171 

20A* voropiara 343 

362m Wml 276 

2A35.000 Wamngwn IT) 81 
381m Waits Bake 190 

1277.000 Menem Bros 78 

14 7m Wram 147 

224*m iMban (Conrwty) 256 
5632m w h e p ey tGeorge) 200 

11 4 48 220 

15.7 54 144 
01 01 106 

61 38 144 

124 2.6 144 
102 30 124 

104 31 

• 54 

130 64 194 
44 39 130 

371 40 )24 
30.0 34 78 

142 54 251 

43 5 8134 

.. .. 615 

34 86 29.4 

44 44 134 

. 14 

44 36 . ; 
25 22 164 

2430 4.B 94 
85 14 125 
65 54 11.1 
38 39 13 7 
250 20 227 

4.7 45 19.0 

24 28 124 

25 4 0 8.4 

4.7 33 144 

54 90 23.4 

62 7 I 14 4 

26 2.1 335 

74 2 1 134 

54 «.l 125 


24 35 121 
94 44 14 7 

134 34 18.7 
7 1 34 13.7 

25.0a 54 144 
10 0 24 11.7 

104 24 11 6 
52 44 39 

55 74 93 

104 25 14.4 
7.4 43 131 

11.5 41 171 
54 50207 

75 34 161 
01 01 . 

174 43 135 
34 34 127 . 
14 42 .. 
93 74 154 
229 61 114 

157 1.8 174 
93 54 133 
7 5 33 126 
43 44 33 
184 52 74 
200 31 142 

135 4.0 131 
123 4 4 100 
9.1 63 130 

33 24 204 
6.6b 85 164 

13.4 30 194 
123 44 134 

7 6 4.6 121 

122 29 163 

18 21 9 2 
100 58 304 
134 34 154 

10.4 34 136 

1 4 1.7 93 

64 34 135 
14 21 228 
0.7 05 174 

24 1.1 202 

34 27 193 



336m Angla TV 'A 
5.702400 Gramoon 
424m HTV N/V 
58 0m LWT mgi 
3* im Scot TV A 
75 im TVS NJV 
9.721 000 TSW 

107 5m Tluraa TV 
44 8m . 

128m WMJker (C&WI 

248 <*-2 04 54 130 

44 -4 24 64 63 

210 -8 11.4 5* 96 

3*0 -3 21 3 63 134 

320 -10 ISO 4.7 105 
218 r -19 1430 64 137 

45 28 54 124 


223 -10 12 1 5 A 120 

61 *7 1.1 14 ZS4 


3901m MM Hub 
i« 9m AmtMdier (Henry) 
6*' im Aus Mew 2 
too? 5m Baraumenta 
869m 6X* 0* IW8 
399 9m Bank lout. Israel 
1? im Bank Leutn IM 

403 im amk 01 SttMand 

3imsrn Barclay* 
li 3m Benctmxk 
n om Brown smwy 
S, ‘m Cant Aden 
?*2n» Cantos 
1 952 im Onase Mjnuiun 
5 OTfl ?m Cacutd 

'fiflra Com 0x* wales 
r T* CornnoKOaiw 
7 flr* am Druocne Bank 
229 9m f«st Nat Rruiice 
n:o« Gonara Nat 
145401 Gumne+j Pe« 

337 Jm Hjnorrn 
321 am Hi Sanw 
2 307 Om hh smmgna. 

17 3m fLeepckn 
23 4m ivnq ft srauaon 
498 3m Ktanwort Benson 
2 1029m Lords 
387 0m Mercury Mil 
50 In. Do 6". A 
r *6 im mkum 
70 1 6ni nai Aust Bk 
35808m Nji Wes t 
56 Om Ottoman 
1587m piowdem 
i' On Rea Bros 

-IB 90 38 89 
-l 374 

*8 150 74 

-19 17.0 0.1 

160 67 11? 

-10 280 50 87 
-68 281 82 65 

-IS 136 24 22.7 
-IS 28 9 9 5 38 0 
-3'. 26 54 M4 

■ 139 52 

»-•• 208 5.7 

3.4 4.9)15 

*?■ Oi 

-22 1200 4.5 . 

I -8 66 3 8 105 

-18 221 75 91 
-3 25 37 128 

• -28 10 3n 5 3 79 
135 5 4 74 
-2- 33 5* 

-10 177 38 198 
-2 125 38 1«5 

4*0 3 6 38 1 1 l 
-5 254 63 63 

*3 371 68 203 


-18 276 58 32 
-3 600 5.4 8 8 

-IB 145 *9 M2 
*2 38 10 14.* 

679m *B Elea 335 

22.8m AWuimnc 183 

7304m Amsraa 13* 

27 im Aoncot Commders 48 
6D2500Q Allen 83 

I34i)0i Adanoc CQngj 355 

1.443400 AuCM FkJridv 53 

1235m Auto Sac im 

5fl52m BCC 263 

129 Im 8SH 78 

3293m D owMOr p e 515 

335 -23 

163 *-3 
13* *22 

48 -2 

114 U 254 
2) 1 3 16.7 
03 02 SOB 

050 10 8.1 

38 1.4 8.1 


23 13 111 
15 7 84 1*4 

24 31 52 
100 1.0 174 





i Abngwanh 215 -8 It HI .. 

i Alften Ikne 128 -10 32 25 5.4 

i AflttUagnn 575 -60 275 44 66 

■ Berkley Tech 203 -3 

i Camara CIB'i +'i 17.1 04 744 

iCsntMWr 250 5.7 24 385 

I Camnway 32 *2 

I Emmy ft Gen 27'. 13 4.7 25.9 

i Ivory < One 132 -6 84 52 10.1 

1 Mafedw 181 -2 69D 44 2S4 

i Not Heme LOens 86 *3 

l Do BN sm +2*. 

i New marke t 141 -4 

Tarnmnon 213 

Financial trusts page 19 


45 35 1 <54 
24 108 484 
I1 1 37 135 

67 24 11 6 
5.0 54 284 
17.4 32 137 

164 44 75 
. . . . 104 
13.1 34 05 

9.7 54 17.8 

31 33 187 

5.7 34 139 

74 84 364 
24 18 223 

84 S1 18.1 

36 64 37 

03 44 124 

03 SI 114 

03 42 163 

32 14 224 

54 31 121 
54 31 145 
23 14 231 
47 37 14.7 
SO 31 175 
*4 -54 15 
M 1 4 231 
74 34 114 

33 38139 
SO 53 84 

74 34 16.7 

34 14 214 

75 73 154 
14 14206 
84 34 14.B 

37 5.1 154 
14 44 133 
SB 34 144 
64 34 123 
30 14 154 
74 47 104 
74 32 71.1 
44 32 184 


3.15* Im Grand Met 



34 124 

412» Kennedy Draokaa 




14 12.0 

8064m Udbraka 




4.7 162 

*Q*i Lon Pork HottN 



28 159 

109 Bw Moan Cbanotto 



2.4 144 

*o.6m Pmce Of W Hoteb 




24 154 

mam Queans Moat 




34 144 

101 On Sawjy Ham 'A' 




14 144 

147 fen Sufea 




28 164 

1.11S4m Trusmoum Rate 




55 1*2 




^ u- 



11 1 

44 124 



Mb 57 274 




69 124 




30 103 




7 2 92 




31 134. 




24 162 





<4 114 




52 31 





1.1 14.4 



7.0 114 



. . • 





34 .. 




24 93 




26 124 




5.4 54 




13 306 


34 BO 


• +2 





64 124 

IT 1 . 

.. 184 




52 11 7 


• -15 


4.1 97 



44 137 



14 17.6 






64 124 



25.7a 103 7.7 



LSD 84 .. 




57 129 



62 83 




24 154 


• -20 


. . I 


44 154 



34 *03 







0 274 



21 ftb 44 13.1 








*.0 M.6 



*4 124 


• -ft 


44 126 




57 ftl 








1.1 184 

41 'i 

UD 3.4 66 



• +21 


35 2*4 

+ iD 


11 114 




52 143 

















54 138 






37 9.4 

44 222 




13 280 



4.6 84 




35 18.* 



l.I 888 



11 1 

*.« 104 








32 13.4 


17 184 





27 271- 




63 84 



1030 66 83 




44b M 132 


• -27 


*7 125 




• +S 


55 154 


25a 20 164 




44 414 




• +35 


5l 101 


• -9 


4.1 94 


42 15 7 









34 ia* 



• - 4 


52 105 



6.7 135 



34 114 



29 162 




. 130 

• -S 


27 554 


72 02 

31 .. 



• +6 


94 192 

Dawes ft Mel 


1370400 Dyson (JftJ) 

8.863.000 Do A 

’i fl 

220 **10 

^ 3 

59 1-4 

144 -fl 

162 #-12 
Cl 16V -IS 


S5 -10 

CiBv -1 

55 -l 

TIB «-6 
965 -KPv 

175 -10 

2U3 415 


113 *3 

32 54 
143 62 73 
84 38 83 
87.1 44 131 
S3 53 86 
n j4 43 132 
104 44 SB 
06 35 19.1 
74 3.7 125 
74 34 137 
7.1 72 1 0.0 

74 72 122 

64 77 134 
34 60 11.4 


*856m Abbey Life 
6S36n Alex ft Aim 
31283m Am Gen 
4S4m Brattsrack 
I7i.7m Bmamvc 
1217.8m Com Lliaon 
243an Equqy ft Low 

Gen Accident 

I UAj Room son 
Logm ft Gen 
Utnoon ft Mon 
Lon IM Inv 
Mann ft McLmi 

Sadg»«*k Gp 
Stewart W son 
sum HUBS 
Sun me 
Trade maamney 
Wills Fiber 

-5 94 SS . 

+ '« 100 

S-1 89.0 33 ■ 

+6 85 22287 

-40 436 5.1 

-14 169 57 

-1 96 34 

-33 31.4 39 201 
-TO 41.1 S O 237 
-23 3*.9 7 1 74 

-17 137 4 6 <2 1 

-1 11 7 4 B 10.4 

-4 65 4 8 7.0 

-13 2*6 63 115 
P+Vj 220 50 . 

-13 114 4? 11 7 

-10 129 42 200 

638 4 5 . 

-13 37 1 45 53 4 

-42 196 SI . 
-42 380 46 65.7 

-6 1S7 45 185 

-25 1S7 37 17 0 

i-10 10.0n 26 20 I 

-30 25 0 3 8 59 8 

-aa 33 9 4 0 . 

46 19 37 

-13 125 31 19 1 

Investment trusts page 19 


83 55 55 
7.1 63 10.4 

43 113 145 





zaurn AE 20* 

into Appfeyam 130 

690m Arnratnonn 115 

880m BSO 45 


Bnmrt (CO) 289 

Br Aeroepeca 48B 

Br Car Auekons 119 

C^lrrai. 225 

awfe tSoqlray) toe 

»wty 21* 

W ' 83 

ffl WOW 304 

Port MottV 183 

CaMa (Frank q 74 

Genera) Kara 242 

C'lfewu Lewranca 88 
Ha muti » 

Honda Mow *85 

Jaguar 523 

Sg li 

Skera fS 

Lucas 513 

^S«B) T i 

Quck (HJ) 81 

BO* 38 

Supra 84 

WoodheM (Jons) 82 


154 7m 
9404m . 
2822000 “ 
(UBS ffi® 

G .985 000 T, 
2787.000 T, 
M9m li 

24e ts 81 




44 135 




25 597 






• ♦11 


35 11.7 


• +4 






28 143 








1.1 324 




13 285 



24 20.0 




32 134 




21 6* 


103 76 




21 154 



32 784 




S3 74 




84 117 




54 173 


24 203 







12 230 




27 133 




*3 150 




47 130 


• -3 


94 9.1 




75 102 



.. 372 




46 124 




36 145 




34 273 



7.0 52 




121 74 



.. * 

.. S7, 




94 130 




37 £33 


■ +*'# 



.. 9 



82 131 




*3 154 



. . b 


• -5 


4 3 S3 


■ -100 


24 173 



! ; 77 

+ 'ft 



4 6 103 







26 12 2 



17 253 






7.1 73 








52 145 




0.1 702 

-flD 74 36 142 

+2 7.1 55 60 

-9 22 1.9 1S2 

.. 13 85 144) 

.. I . 

-3 11.1 341 154 

+26 226 4.6103 

-8 54) *4 13.1 

74 35 

+27 57 27 94 

8*1 64 54 93 

-4 74 37 14.7 

-4 5.4 

-S 4.6 15 20* 
S-fi 7.0 14 
-2 44 M U 

43 254 103 


-8 34 44 104 

+32 aa 04 
+J8 123 24 104 
-3 6.1 SO 93 

-- 34 24 150 

+3 151 50 17.1 

-1 74 4.7 102 

-30 15.7 3) 103 

- MS? 112 
64 M 9.4 
•1 4.1 S I II 4 

« 31 <a 132 

+1 149 23 11.7 


i Aeomd 164 

i Auoc Book 205 

i assoc Newspaper 315 
iBMklAftq 316 
i Brwal 045 

i Cains (WM) 460 

i Do ’A" 293 

I 6MAF 'ft' 118 

Haynes Pubbbtng 355 
I Home Ctuern 210 
i wmau 305 
I tf thempon 552 
I Wows tafe ma ao nH £12'. 
guopus *50 

i Fgn mmu B i Suntt ua 
i Tnnay m 415 
tWNMmm 373 

-2 4j» 

-23 80 

• +5 &3 

+S 143 
•-2S 384 
.. 11.1 
-17 11.1 
9+1 11 

-5 200 

-30 104 
+15 144 

"Ji 1<J ° 

-60 44 

+1 6J 
+2 21.4 

-7 225 

1665m ARuet 



103m Ann Enemy 



- — . AVnnfat. neeounse* 



IDSSLOm Br Pwrcfean 






5570900 Bristol 0* 



tSfen Br Borneo 






585 .12m BM 






6375m Br**mn 






657a cadea Gap« 


• -1 




30.6m Century 






2B4m cnanmras 

2502m Eraerptme 









IS *a Gamr Energy 




• -2 


2 1 14.7 



107b 54 7.0 




1 7 133 




12 164 






31 129 



18 G 

*8 11.3 




5.7 161 




17 23* 

Cl 53 




52 7.0 







3* 130 




5* 12.0 








30 215 




4.4 106 



4 I 

34 81 




17 233 







6.1 3*7 




75 144 




14 19.0 




88 74 


• +3 


55 11.6 




6.4 97 




24 25 l 9 




83 .. 




25 1&4 




55 165 




*7 106 




5 1 11.0 



28b 44 115 





IQ an 
179 8m 

14 «m 
78 7m 
391 7m 

1 Cusn n Res 
1 Goal Pei 
1 Gl Western Res 
iC Gas 
ICC ot 


Da U<m 
New London 04 
Royal Dutch 



Tmon Eunce 


31 -» 


433 *+M 

25' a+r 

ESS + 7 . 

1 ft ftSDJ 
2.9 50 . . 
a-9 ( M 113 

«3 aii 4.< 
174 154 37 
142 844 .. 

8.6 w!l K16 
.. 163 
236 41 
»0 61 8.1 
66 6* 2* 4 
.. 17 


T.1 127 iA 
.. 127 
150 10S 44 


I Bornwndt 
1 ChMmgun 
1 Fntay (Jarata) 

1 Hannon CrooMM 

1 Hmne 

) jJSsiwin) 

I Lonrtu 
1 Ocean Weson 
1 Paterson 2oen 
1 Do A 
1 Wy Pe« 

1 &W Derby 

1 Slew Brae 
1 Twer hamem* 
vwe Cano 

-3 dj 

-5 100 

-4 59 

+3 286 

+15 254 


-32 171 

+1 54 

+2 86 

+2 as 

+3 75 


-5 224 





STtfL'— * 


Fw A 



ISSri R1 

, 1*55 S amar Bomi 
1.7T5400 HoJOam Sens 
102m Lanuen Hoiwin 
2806400 kMUalftX, 
13.1m Petard 
214m Strang ft Fah-r 
*28m Siyki 

9.6b M 1 W-. 
-9 143 09 94- 

-1 07 '1.7 .. . 

-2 83 *8 64. 

-14 4.4 7.1 187 

+2 82 5.7 T£ 

-2 11 A 77 'ifl' - 

6.4 84 273* 






'k'i l. L 

And give you the latest job news from London^ newest recruitment 

15 MiasfieH Street Umdom W1M ABE 


Tlie General Secretary of this P m fi m ii iwMl 
Organisation is looking for a person with eiperi- 
enegf imKafat and arth nw aim <n frftm an active 

and respanribfe role as her Personal Assistant 
■Hns wiD incbde contact at senior level with 
Government Departments, Iute mrira pal 
Organisations and other professional bodies in* 
volVed m can of mothers and tabus. 

Tta poet woold amt Bonuane who taa worked at 
sente secretarial level, is able to mnnngp their 
own work, and troops a stmndataa 
hectic n oc k in g - «av v irmuue ct. Sound secretarial 
s kill s, working knowledge of and ex- 

perience of minnting wxwtinp are uMiifwl ; 
word processor (Diamond 7) wp m«nw an 

Salary: £7047 - 9250 + £1133 London 
Weighting, the point of entry dependent upon 
qn a fi fic sit ona and wperience. 

Farther details and Application Form may be 
obtained from Caroline Payton or Daxi Bradley 
at the shove address. TefcOl-680-6523 


A wel educated and articulate administrator 
with excellent communication stalls is reared 
for a prestigious City Stockbrokers Pubfica- 
tfons UnK. The successful applicant must be 
extremely smart with foe ability to present 
themself weB in the company of Lords and 
MP*s. Accurate retrieval of information from 
stored records is necessary for fob mature 
person to succeed and prosper in foe rare 

Ideally suits person In earfy 20's. Salary offered 



£ 10,000 

.The newfy-apponted 
EcEtor of a neeesfod 



I^aifcwCanadan lawyer* acefc a gre ga rio tn office admiah- 
tatotfweattary to «x up end arganoc their London office. 

finmwMnir—. irnmninM^ llfliy t tS V tl programmes 
and mat iw enm l i uMii , TVy nffif wi-rflwa 

Poo for an in t rlligwi aec i e wy/ PA tooting for i dance ip 
ete wnliriaw. their nartae lifei a challenging ml* rw: 
oabiy aged 25-38. 

1 KUPH0NB: 01-4® 08® 


Require competant Wang secretaries for a 
Bvefy agency in Covent Garden. Excelent sec- 
retarial skite essential (although no shorfoand 
or audto). Subs outgoing person who copes 
ami revete ta pressure wifo top dass communi- 
cation skills who waits to succeed. If you’re in 
your early 20‘s and have afi these capabiflttes 
you’fl love fob media assoraateri job offering 
£ 8,000 pa with hunderads of exciting long term 

01-837 0111 

Elizabeth Hunt 

£9,500 + BONUS 

Ckwaty connected to the A dverti si n g Industry. Join this my 
aoccsssU company m PA/anway to ttwr ISnaging Oh. 

paper, needs a highly 

co mpetent FA/Seere- 
tary, wefl-oraameed, 
unflappable and ready 
to deal with anything: 
There's tots of reapon- 
s&Sty and the work b 
highly ii | ini Sal- 
ary £1<MM>0 (re view 3 
monte). 5 weeks holi- 
day. Age SB-45 






Want to work for one of 
London's moat mterest- 
tog co m pa n ies? No abort- 
I 1 —* kite ofednrin! 
your typing ritiDs win 
.need to be above avenge 
(ffi+ wpm), working 
with foe partner who 
deals with highly con- 
fidential private Govern- 



Capfotfee on yonr seere- 
terad ak3b end join 
Siffia fisher as a tempo- 
rary. maybe jnat for a 
eoupto of days per week. 
Three’s s variety of in- 

■ mrfp im^hU W Mhin ty to 

release ym from foe 
drifcr routine (and foe 
k**}. So, it ywrte only 
rwuwrii i g a maple of 
,dayi a week or mote; 
give OB a ring: 

Leant a New Machine - FREE 

W e are^ offering first class temporary secretaries foe opportunity to 
be cross-trained free of charge os a further word processor ,n< ^ be 
paid at foe same time. Successful applic ants will then be kept busy 
working on our prof es si o n al team where everyone with foe same 
ridlls is paid the same excdlem hourly rate. 

You should have speeds of 100/60, 2 years’ Director levd secretarial 
experience in Torino, and proficient WP on at I ra n one 

As an express route to finding foe right pl atfo rm for your talents 
please telephone 01-434 4512 NOwfer an appointment. Tbo 
cosfcf be fast foe ticked 

Crone Corkill 


CT J Lv l5 ji * 

rector. Hs is a supw hats, rife a great am odumMi 1 ml 
mrtan to hvqtwte Win afl ares qt tha business . 
Hama your own corespondancs md til office uhitotaft- 
Hon iaauSig staff recniraenL 90/55 ridto needed. 

1 Vi 1 ; 

TO £11,000 

Join Has bating bmstoant company as aacretew to tbrir 
wry ptoaste cwmatL Enioy vary moch a B4 row, tanifla 
your own comspoodenct and pmty ol riant contact Vwy 
snwt offices ad a free lunch. Hours 9-30 to 5pm. 100/30 


B hdbtlhHiiiA R BcnA i Bton l CoMulQfte 

23 Bedford Street London WC20H4035D 

FRENCH 8PEAKMQ SEC wMi WP awarinor M tyohB tar 
rwter agantig h-teft Co a Wax teadte. tep nwtttey a y § us 
mm) w; i buy. tm ««taB vmrtBomwi nriSruL Genoa untaL 
up b aim. 


SiSAVTJSt 9 n " ,,l fy TffPBuiafalAflB 

FRENCH 8PEAKMQ SEC tar InbnteM MihOtr. 
Good Preach. EmSSi shertand. WP to wwk X mauemat beta. So# 
nan! loOter. ToisCoOO + tauri tattoo parts. 

ITALJAN 8FEM0N0 SEC tar Co io SWL Good afl reinW wtt 
Eagtab to imaw Bwoo mntert aid onamoi teta w wn tnofly 
Mmta hub. to Z3+. To £7500. 



£ 10,000 

swn ftv tter asmtsra aid beautHuAv i 



wws . jor ns mm ppwn 
rttd (firactor. Ho is rimned in every as 
from stare and merctawfise to PR and 
wA 90/50 sNBs md WP expertance 

s business 


Bexjteid m 

I offices, fleri-bourt rastauants and 
wpra audto fotoy and WP experience 

Our tempor aries enjoy long 

tern wdgnmMfe along wm 
hoiday and sfcfcnm pay 
paid fenme di at e ly. Most im- 
portant of aB tagh a w ning 
poMtw Hong wn cmr 
development and the oppor- 
toa ity to cress train on al- 
most any system. 



23 Cbtege Hi London EC4 »-2<W 3551 



Prcsri^ous City tank has created a new posi- 
tion within its dynamic personnel department. 
Use your excellent wHwv ri al md communi- 
cations skills to assist a team of r ecr uitm ent 
officers who will delegate and involve you 
fully in the iumting of the department. 
Minimum age 20 ye ars. 

Call Karin Ptasnaby on 01-489 0889. 

amount hik. 

TO M B £1MM + NUT 

hs presoanei secretary bind h fos CNy Mwehart Bank, 
youa»«Bnte avetyttfog f iOTlan NN»ris Mip^ 
lion t m u to persomol records ml WP tnkaug. 
Excalont speeds 100/60 togottnrwfih a wann, ooafidsNt 
personalty n essentaL 


. ciMUKiMKpgnMjmnaBRSL 


Wa req uire an nwigntk rre po n aMe pereon who ia 
looking for jab satisfaction with aame relevant ex- 
perience bring both nummate and a good typist, 
ahia to weak Mdupwrenw, to handle ttanmnaga 
mmt of high dare fomiriied propattaaa. AhiKty to 
deal with people oaarntiaL A tt reUiv e selaiy. 

Heeae apply to Panada Reread 01-722 7101 

Assured Presence 
£ 9,000 

Berkeley Square beckons. Our dfrnr a \ety 
substantial name in the worid of fine business 
investment, requires ayouqg seaetaiy to assist 
foe Office Manager; working in exclusive 
sunoundtogs you will handle ariwwn prob- 
lems, telephone liaison and the occasional, 
private errand for foe C hai r man (eg bidding 
for antique jewefleiy at auction). Rusty 
shorthand/meticulous typing requested. Age 
J^-22. Please telephone 01-493 5787. 




Preferably with laboratory/cozmnerctal 
accounts experience required for Private 
Endocrine Clinic in Harley Street area. 

The applicant should be literate, numer- 
ate, adaptable, a non-smoker with word- 
processing, computer, telex skills, 
efficient and unflappable. 

Send CV to: Attention ENDOC/Lab Sec, 
to Box No. Bll. 

Star ting Salary £9,500 per annum 



The Sente Partner and Marketing Coor- 
dinator of this international architectural 
consultancy req uire a joint PA for typing, 
a dmini strative and PR work. An abilhy to 
write creatively and good organisational 
skills are an important part of this new job 
in our London office at Paddington. Attrac- 
tive salary, pleasant working conditions and 
fringe benefits. 

For more < M”k plyw rine 
Frances Goldberg on 0K2O 3484. 


£ 8,000 

Small, friendly office of architects/ of 
protect Managers require a responsibe and 
enthusiast secretary with some experience 
to assist in the naming of their office in 
Knigbtsbridge, opposite Harrods. Short 
hand an asset Please write to 

SW7 idr 





Young succesful property 
development company seeks top 
secretary with accounting 
experience to act as PA to MD with 
talents that justify top rates. 

Tel 01-431 0044. 

For further information. 

U> >ua. FA to M— ajmDfawHrof ■yrfrttB* 
■teawta ca. K C «. Ay »*■. BSA XH + 100 wpmS/SL S*t 

*»JMJO M. Bne <* Itatefl Groan WCl. S/H aad 

■» and wv hect ic. Aft 21+- 


01-630 5144 NOW! 

LtxSng PitoSshere E4- 

tagfriy invutad post for 
«periencad Sec wffii 
S/H at thar Mayfair of- 
fices. Bus % vary varied 
day aid interestin g au- 
to contact 

Experienced Medical 
Secretary tor busy 
Hariay Street 
Practice/ and 
administrator. Salary 
£10,000 a year. 
References essential. 
Apply 01-486 5787 



Ftequired for Goring Hotel, London SW1. 
Must be of smart appearance, adaptable 
and responsible. Hotel experience advan- 
tageous. Accomodation can be provided. 
Apply In writing to; 

Mr W A Cowpe, General Manager 
The Goring Hotel, Beeston Place 
Grosvenor Gdns, London SW1 



potf owe atety. tv O50a 

- 110- « 



VUr Mteand WvH os tem- 
porary accomodation. IT yen 
are nrtnUno of camma to Lao. 

1 doo to work, b uermm o- 
nratrn p ari B orar W» tor 
wanam /«wU MiicaiM sccro- 
thriea wtth major cm nnan iti. 
More aatatf Ol BBS 0086 Mar- 
cdXh Scot! ReavasenL 

5WBHWIB ff*,Tlw» Titeao: 
afteoa. vouno wMiuang 
COO) pony arc looking for a con* 
fleam, ounamo orm to aauai 
■h«Jr -ctMdw* madio anew. 
Ho 8 OBBH 1 mauy la. ahvoya 
cractew takes, tutwvtr. ne 
ne«6* you l» Mi cWrubi fe. 
Qucncc and riwu Band. No 
shemaatd or audio. t« ton or 
Ool cdrttacU mr rttn g f and 
travel Id arranor. Tystnv SS 
wpw. Td atem CwHlw Km 
AML Q14W mo. 

naamoManr/aac. sws ana. 

aac Si+. Herald twUtB. and 
. STC Mn csp. an advamagr 
I Old wu train. Esorfad talc, 
phone owner e**. + truing 36 
wpm-SUMr offices and frimdty 
ooaa offer too any. Tek Mrs. 
HuichiMan Jtnn Licenced 

too for beatc wi Travel 
Conwony. Co nf idence and a 
m of unmoor ho* order of 

ttc tty. njoo * Bacfls. 


leading London estate agenta 
seek tsigbi young audio tec to 
tatnamaa tram in shaoadenwt- 
mew. vatwd. tnlrmong rate 
t nct udt n g pnwnun of mays, 
cotanrtng Many, coasting pic- 
tures «c. fast accurate typing 
essential. aAoe i9+ Please tete- 
Phone 01-493 5787 Oontan 
Vain Couunancy. 


I If you hm-e tbougM you w«idd 

l ttke to w your mutch tn your 
wore, you coyld do so wun a 
tenting ■ managnmeM ceaud- 
tent. The partner dents with the 
VWneh Part of Africa, There is 
translating work, r aa e aw k and 
Plenty of Holding the rorr 
Jttae he is mn of the country, 
taatr s honnaBid a l w w a . Age 
E5». More detttls 365 0065 
Mrrediui Scott Rcmtttmctd. 

•naaMf/nKHCM PA Cngom 
SH aty n aooa Language 
Staff AW 086 max. 

-MxniBIttC/DWUSM evp* 

rac/typtng. £7 JOB. »— gunge 
Stall AW 466 nez 

inc i uvico I viOinDaV AUlrUdi i i i^bo 


A guide to 
career choice 


The way to make the grade 

IF you're wailing for your A level results 
then you don't necessarily need 10 read 
this. But how strong are your nerves? 

With any luck you have passed your 
exams with Hying colours and soon the 
champagne and congratulations will be 
flowing. And yet in a Tew days time, 
without question, there will be a sizeable 
number of sixth-formers who will be 
casting around for a bolt hole after 
getting disappointing grades. So you had 
better be prepared. 

As far as the universities are con- 
cerned. of course. UCCA operates a 
“clearing scheme" which helps to match 
rejected candidates with vacant places. 
Last summer 7,200 applicants were 
placed in this way so there may still be 
some room in the system if you have 
missed your required grades by just a 
point or two. 

Bui what if the UCCA net doesn’t 
scoop you up? Have you explored the 
other possibilities? For example, most of 
the really exciting things in higher 
education are happening in the poly- 
technics. Have you made any arrange- 
ments with them? 

“Students take months deciding which 
courses to apply la so it's a shame if they 
have to rush into a decision at the last 
moment just because they've got poor 
results," said Tony Higgins, chief exec- 
utive of the Polytechnics Central Ad- 
missions Sustem (PC AS). “I advise 
students to work out a contingency plan 
before they get their grades so that they 
are prepared to move quickly if 

A 24-hour telephone 
information system, ' 
seven days a week 

This year, fortunately, those who are 
looking for a last minute vacancy are 
able to call on a range of computerized 
information systems which should mean 
that finding a course is no longer a 

The introduction of a co-ordinated 
system of polytechnic admissions has 
triggered on* a huge effort to provide 
applicants with up-to-the-minute 
information. And due to the use of 
electronic mail there will be a quick and 
easy system for relaying applicants' 
details to admissions tutors. 

As far as schools are concerned the 
most useful source of vacancy informa- 
tion should be The Times Network for 
Schools (TTNS) which has 2,400 
“subscribers" scattered across 1,800 
schools and 600 other educational 

From this month 13 TTNS will be up- 
dated daily by the polytechnics so there 
is an exact tally of what is available and 
where. “We've tried the route already," 
said TTNS chief executive Gordon 
Jones, “and we know it works. We think 
it will be a great asset to candidates and 

Prestel will also be carrying vacancy 
information both through the Polytel 
system administered by Middlesex Poly- 

It’s not a complete 
disaster if your 
A-levels are not 
up to scratch. 
Edward Fennell 
has some good 
practical advice 

technic and through ECTIS (the Educa- 
tional Counselling and Credit Transfer 
Information Service funded by the 
Department of Education and Science). 
Again, for both services there will be a 
daily update and ECTIS also offers 
candidates a “Thesaurus" of courses to 
refer them to other relevant disciplines if 
their first-choice subject is full. 

For studen ts w ho don't have instant 
access to the TTNS or Prestel, PC AS is 
offering a telephone information system 
24 hours a day. seven days a week. This 

* aH# jegg 


should be particularly valuable to people 
on holiday because whenever you phone, 
even at three o'clock on a Sunday 
morning, there will be someone on hand 
to give detailed information (but not 
advice) about vacancies in the courses 
you want. 

Finally, for those who have no truck 
with electronics, the Sunday Times will 
be carrying the PC AS vacancy informa- 
tion on key weekends in the next month. 
In short, when it comes to getting the 
latest information, you will be spoiled 
for choice. And that means there is no 
need to panic. If your results are good 
enough, somebody, somewhere will take 

The key question, however, is whether 
any place, anywhere, is what you want 
“The most common reason for students 
dropping out of college eariy on is that 
they make a snap decision to go on a 
course without enough information and 
without enough preparation,” Tony 
Higgins emphasized. 

Information alone, therefore, is not 
enough. Indeed, the more information 
available the more advice and guidance 
is needed to sort through which courses 
are appropriate. And lhat advice is best 
available through your local education 
authority's careers service. 

"I expect that we will be busier than 
ever this year because the cut-back in 
places is bound to result in more people 
on our doorsteps who need advice." said 
Tony Corder. the principal area careers 
officer in Cambridgeshire with the 
responsibility for setting up the various 
computer systems. “Although the 
computerized information is extremely 
valuable I see it as being primarily an aid 
to the careers adviser. 

“When students come in looking for 
vacancies they need to receive careful 
guidance about course content and its 
relevance to their career ambitions. In 
their haste to get on to a course they 
shouldn't take rash decisions. In any 
case, most of them will need assistance in 
finding their way through the computer 
programme so the involvement of the 
careers adviser is bound to be 

About 1.200 careers advisers are on 
stand-by at this lime of year as part of the 
Advanced Further Education Informa- 
tion Service and most of them will be 
tuned into the various computer 
information systems. But as Tony 
Corder, one of the advisers involved in 
AFEIS, points out. there is still a sizeable 
chunk of degree places — in the colleges 
and institutes of higher education — 

Details depend on 
the weekly circulation 
of printed lists 

which remain outside the daily updated 
computerized system. 

“As a result we will still be working on 
slightly incomplete information." 

Details of the slate of play at the 
colleges and institutes of higheT educa- 
tion will depend on the weekly circula- 
tion of printed lists to the careers 
advisers. But because the situation 
changes so rapidly this information can 
rarely be relied on. 

It must also be admitted that even the 
computerized systems cannot be guar- 
anteed as defln iti ve or Anal statements of 
vacancy status. 

As one academic registrar said: “The 
information which we give to PCAS will 
be generally correct. But in reality there 
are very few inflexible courses. There are 
always marginal candidates who can be 
squeezed in if we like them enough. So if 
an admissions tutor who had officially 1 
closed their books on admissions was 
approached by a candidate with eight or 
nine A level points, then the chances are' 
that a place would be found." 

The moral is that if your results are 
good it is always worth contacting direct 
by phone your favoured institution or 
course even though officially it may be 
full. If they like you enough, somehow 
they will get you in. 


Department of Electronic and 
Electrical Engineering 

Microprocessor Unit 

Senior Experimental Officer 

Applications we invited for an established 
post of Senior Experimental Offi cer in the 
Microprocessor Unit of the Department of 
Electronic and Electrical Engineering. The 
successful applicant will be experienced in 
handling microprocessor systems from a 
hardware design level to real time operat- 
ing and will be expected to contribute fully 
to the hardware and software develop- 
ment of the Department's real time image 
processing system. He or she will also be 
responsible for the smooth operation of 
the Department's Microprocessor Unit 
and for advising final year project students 
and postgraduates on microelectronic 

The Department of Electronic and Electri- 
cal Engineering is widely acknowledged as 
one of the leading Departments of its kind 
in the country. Research income is cur- 
rently running at nearly 52m per annum 

and the Department recently received an 

"outstanding” rating from the UGC. Very 
dose industrial links are maintained and 
the Department has obtained major sup- 
port from the UGC for an expansion of 
undergraduate teaching as part of the En- 
gineering and Technology Programme. 

The initial salanr will be in the range 
£8,020 - £12,780 on the Other Related 
scale LA according to age, qualifications 
and experience. 

Further particulars are available from the 
Personnel Department (Academic Staff- 
ing), The University, Sheffield SIO 2TN, 
to whom applications should be returned 
by Monday 25 August 1986. Please quote 


Applications are invited from graduates with 
substantial administrative experience, preferably 
in a University, for a post of 


■The person appointed will have general respon- 
sibility under the Academic Registrar for a range 
of duties including undergraduate and postgrad- 
uate admissions; student records. statisitiCS ana 
da la-processing systems: and will deputise in the 
absence of the Academic Registrar. 

Salary at an appropriate point within the Ad- 
ministrative Grade III scale: £14870 - £18625 
per annum (under review). 

Further particulars from Mr A J Small. Staffing 
Secretary to whom applications (5 copies) 
should be sent, giving the names, addresses and 
telephone numbers of three referees to reach 
him not later than 5 September 1986. Please 
quote ref. no. AJS/86/63/7. 


Courses in: 

C o mmerd a l Translation 
Commercial Interpreting 
English Proficiency 

Delate and prospectus 


Uufcentty el London Untian 
Mate! SUwrt, London WCiE 

or tilaphotiB 01-580 8740 

Lectureships in Strategic 
Management and Marketing 

Appficatkxis are Invited for two newly created lecture- 
ships in Strategic Management and Marketing h the 
School of Industrial and Business Studies. The School 
offers a wide range at courses in this area at both 
undergraduate and psotgraduate level, including: Cor- 
porate Planning, Business Poflcy, Marketing Strategy, 


haviour, and Marketing Models. CantSdates should 
have potential within the overall Raid in both teaching 
and research. A degree of specialisation is encouraged 
but a broad range of interests would be preferred. 
The appointments wifl be made with effect from 1 Janu- 
ary 1987 or at a date to be agreed. They wffl be on the 
lecturer scale: HL02Q - £15.700. 

Further particulars are available from the Registrar, 
University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, (0203 
523627) quoting Ret. No. 1/5A/86 (please mark dearly 
on envelope). Closing date for applications 2n d Sep- 
tember 1986. 


Department of Pore Mathematics 

Applications are invited for the post of SERC/Senior Re- 
search Assistant in the Department of Pure Mathematics 
io work with Dr. Peter Slodowy on a research project 
entitled “Lie and Kac-Moody group theory, Singularity 

The post is tenable for up to three years ax an mitral salary 
of either £8.020 or £8.505 per annum. 

Applications, together with the names of three refcin. 
should lx retrieved not taler than 10th September 1986 by: 

The Registrar 
Tlie University 
P.O. Box 147 
Liverpool L69 3BX 

Fran ulna tether pattkalan nay be otarined 

gilding courses and 
many others avaRabte. 
1 . 2 and 3 day courses 
in Greenwich. 4 m9es 
from London. 

Other courses 



Applications are invited for the above post to 
ayasa with tutorials and seminars in undergradu- 
ate courses. 

Post available from 1 October 1986 for a fixed 
period of one year. 

Salary within the range £7055 - £9495 (under 
review) on the IB Grade for O/R Staff, according 
to age, qualification and experience. 

Informal enquiries may be made to professor T B 
Hogan (tel (0532) 431751 ext 6390). 
Application forms and further particulars may be 
obtained from and completed applications sent to 
the Registrar, the University, Leeds LS2 9JT, 
quoting reference number 41/19. Dosing date for 
applications 31 August 1986. 


(3 DAYS P.W.) 

Places available on both conns 

A new 3-day per weft 2-arm 
Post Foundation Gome lor 
Dajree/Qptoma apptoants in 87 

FoR Mata: 

Btadktotfi Setae! ef Alt 
21 Lee Rota, London SO 9RQ. 
Twfc 892 3M0 


Secretarial, Business 
and Language Courses 

Ward Processor Thrining 

English for Overseas 

Resident & Day Students 
The Registrar (TU 
2 Arkwright Road. 
Telephone: 01 435 9831 


Applications are invited for die position of Principal of St 
Margaret's College. 

The College founded in 1910 is an Anglican Independent Day 
and Boarding School for girls from forms 1-7, with a present roll 
of 45a 

The appointee will be responsible to the St Mart's College 
Trust Board for spiritual and pastoral care and the co-ordination 
and development of the teaching and recreational programmes. 

The Board wishes to appoint a person with a progressive 
outlook and innovative approach who will build on the already 
well-established traditions of the college. 

The date for taking up the appointment is negotiable from the 
beginning of Term 2, May 1987. 

The board will welcome the suggestion of names suitable for 
consideration. Such suggestions should be made in a 
confidential letter addressed to the Chairman of the Trust Board 

Full particulars may be obtained from: 

The Chairman, St M^garct’s College R0. Box 25094 
Christchurch 1. NEW ZEALAND 
Applications should reach the above 
address by August 29,1986. 


is looking for a document clerk to assist in their 
Registrars Office. Typing not essential but 
preferable. Previous experience in Educational 
Administration an asset 

Please contact Fran Bnimec on 01 486 1772 or 
send foil CV. to American College in London, 
100 Marytebone Lane, London, W1. 

Department of Music 


AppUcatioiM are invited from composers of otanriing for a 3* 
year fixed -term Lectureship in the above Department. 
Ability U) teach composition at an advanced level, experience 
of decbo-acouatk composition, knowledge rf digital sound 
synthesis «m<t ability to un dertake the management at the 
department's Electronic Music Studio era esse n tia l - Salary 
on the Lecturer's scale £&020-£i 5,700 (under review). 

Application form and further particulars hum the Staff 
Appointments Officer. U niv er s ity of Not tin g ham , University 
Pink, Nottingham NG7 2RD, returnable not later than 15 
September. Ref No. 1056. 


Temporary Lectureship 
in Organisational Behaviour 

Applications are invited for a one-year temporary lectureship in 
Ovtnisanonal Behaviour ra the reboot of lodnstnaJ and Business 

Candidates should be aUe to demonstrate a strong academic back- 
1 and be capable of contributing to general Organisational 
iour teaching at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. 
The appointment will be made oa the lecturer scale: BUBO - 

Further particulars are available from: 

The Registrar 
University of Warwick 
Coventry CV4 7AL 

(0203 523627) quoting Ret No. 1/6A/86 

dosing date for ip pBrarin sa is 5ch September 1986 


Are you looking for an ex- 
citing chatenge? We are 
seeking dynamic young 
energetic people to teach 
English with an expanding 
school in Rome. Join The 
Language Project Phone 
(Any time) 09328 82871. 

Gabbitas-Thr ing 


Oxrant Polytechnic Based an 
ABTA Anointed Course tar 
wort in Travel tnannry £973. 
Ambassadors of Britain 01-361 
5906 or Oxford 949346. 


ARE YOU 10+7 

ttaataMi » enwww 6 E t p al ii T »WsBt>TiptaBltFi* 

tart»|ta taimtaiein « t l Wdiwlw rai l i erai7 0>«etaiifa4d 

Hng iBWtMM ranri tMtap hrmMK 
•teftadi Ml 



Anglicai Girls School 


The demand for the trained man or woman cNropodbtf In the 
private sector is Increasing. Most of ths training necessary to 
quaBfy for a diploma in chvopody may be taken at home. by vary 
spenaflsad correspondence lessons foaerwed by fiA practical 
taming. You are rivited to write tor the free booklet tram 
The School o I Swgfcal Chiropody 
The SMAE foafiMe (wtabtahed 1319) 

The New Hal (D-Pt 1711 
Bath Road, MaUetemL Borin. SIS 4LA 
Tefc (06ZS) 21100 (24 bra) and (0628) 32449 


Mens* 6-15 acrtl 

RECOGNISED BY BAG (Brtttdi Accreditation Coundt) 
MEMBER OF OFE (Caatarwic* tar Mepande'il Further Educated) 

ES State UOta StaClBriwHl 


ThittMxck in F l itt r 

Arranging and PVjraoy brld 
thraupdxm the year. 
Two-day cmuww also 

pteatr ring 

01-483 8171 

for further jototfn 
tfnilDQ SlrccC Loodaa> W IX T.UI 

0 A A Levels 

Retakes & fist time mtanswa 
t year/l Mm comas n 
Mathematics 8 Scenes aufoeds 
Group j katonkal tvton 

Educate Collage, 

Manch ester, fflfl 1HL 
Tel: 861 442 8858 

mTEOTfATMMAL prhW non 
■raulMfial Untvorsuv oHm 
(Kota lo mld-OHW aOulB 
owi 26. eniirtiy M homo and 
wild full m ath lor IH« rarer 
pMtmnw. Prospectus from 
Drat T. Netl Gibson & Co . Sod 
bum Suffolk COiO 6 EQ 

New from Pitman 

Executive secretariat framing plus work expenence at our 
WnWMoon Coitege. Includes trauma m word and data 
processing and secretarial stalls for RSA ex a mi nat io n s. 
Aporovealoagings avauanie. For prospectus, pteasa 

Tefc 01-946 170ft 





1-twvm In f pl ea 

Entries September. Januaty aid : April P lease write or Montana for 

18 Duramen Street Paik Lane, London W1Y 3FE 
TeL 01-629 2904 

Ptam tend me coov*copie» of THE QABOrrAS-THWNG 

at BLS5 + £2 postage and packing for each book (UK only). 
landosecheouerpoetBlofderfor payable to 
G.T. Pu Wishing Ltd. 

D esp at ch ed within <8 houre of receipt of order. 

Name (block capaaisl 


No rmaltv despatched within 48 hours of recerpt of order, but 
pieaseaHow uptoMdaysfordohmv- 


Individually planted (ration for GCE at 0 & A level . 
One and two-year courses and one- turn intensive 
re-take revisioo- 

Write to The Principal «t 3 Brodttide, Cambridge 
CB2 UE, er telephone 8223 64639. 

7 - ■]->■*• /- A 


LLB? - BSc (Econ)? 

‘A’ Level Grades need not hold you back! 

London University's Bachelor of Laws degree, or the new 
Bachelor erf Science degree which now specialises in 
Accountancv/Management Studies/Banking, TVade& Industry/ 
Economics are of a standard exactly parallel with the internal 
degrees of the University. 

Entry: 2 Mfc grade E&3 Os for our FuIUPart-time courses hi 
London this October ami Correspondence Courses. 

‘A’ Levels with Brian Heap? 

Our courses integrate excellent academic standards with the 
best careers counselling ensuring the best choice of university 
or college. 

CALL NOW ON; 01-385 3377. 

Or write for full details to Dept MT, 

HLT, 200 Greyhound Road, London W14 9RY. 

Other courses offered by the Hotbom Law Tktors group of 
colleges include: Bar, Law Society, IOB, ACCA, ICMA, JfCSA, 



advise that part-time courses for people wishing to prepare for the Licenced 
Co nv eyancer Qual»% jng^&a ni n i^ons will commence in September 1986, at 

Two evening sessions per week One or Two year courses 

First series of qnalffyiag examinations are dae to be held in JUNE 1987 

Course foe £750 per year (inclusive of textbooks) 

‘ Payment of foes by instalment may be permitted 


Mrs A P Flint, MA MEd Registrar 
25 Janson Road 
Tel: (0703) 777158 

Proposed Local Centres Include 
SMrtipmptOfl Brighton Bristol Northampton 
Bir mingham Swansea Manchester London 
Nottin gham Oxford 



- -• ■ 
TOC i 


Prep & Public Schools 

GCE retakes - 

Which College? 

Consult us about V and ‘A’ level retakes and 
get expert advice on tutorial colleges. 

Our counselling is free and objective We will 

handle your enquiries speedily and efficiently 
- our answerphone is available for you during the 
evenings and at weekends. Our offices are just 

six minutes by — J 

Underground [ lrunoa n^Kriighdev) 
from Marble Arch. " \Foundedi9ni r ^ 

76(111 NUTTING Hill MTE. LONDON WH 3U K^ 71 242 
itujc 268 141 (refer TK) 




23 _ 





ft IN JUNE 85 

%IN JAN 86 
















Pass Rate 



Prospectus from; Tire Registrar. Modes Study Centre, 
73 Georae Street, Oxford 0X1 280. 

Tel: (0865) 245172, 249349 

Wby retake your CSCE's 



Trtoxfly. helpful steff and Ms 
of good Caras advice.' 

TTs been more fiftegokig to 
Untaliy and rwwwtal 

W Lwxkxlwa 

Tit Ol-Ml 3307 


We can help yon improve 

S) Owens fete, 
London SW7WP 

Ynu wlH enJoj our effeaJie nmsil 
gme tnMnH aw a ioiu or i 
jean Tasr success boot auccen 
- and Marietta ton ben ac- 
ceating within for 35 years. 
Bing fcrao gppiA i OaWi t Brig. 


Heater aTOPE 
AccndMb, UC 


• W8 • 

One-term and 
one-year retakes 
in A and O levels. 
Maths & Sdences 

7 Canpdns Ml Gardes, 




Dent T . 18 Botdertan SL. 
London W1Y iTG 01-4930165 



(Esi 1531 Founder Member at CIF0 

* Oxbridge entrance, A. O Lead January and bill 
year makes. 

* 2 year complete A and O Lewd Ccuises 

* Labocuories (foe each Soenea separately), 

Library and CoaipUtB- larahlTes ail on the 

* Results particularly strong m Maths and Sdences. 
tt-Himon ip small groups with at p t iriu nced teachers. 
Enqtrixa College Secrataxy Damn. Laing Be Dick 

10 Fmhcfclge Square, London TO 4ED 





Research Fellowships 

The Council Emend to elect to one or more Re- 
search Fellowships tenable for four yean from 1st 
October 1987. The Fellowships are open to gradu- 
ates of or resarch students in a University of the 
British Lsles who will normally have been born after 
1st September 1958. 

FuH particulars may be obtained from the Master’s 
Secretary, Gonville and Caius College. Cambridge 
CV2 IT A- Applications for the Fellowships must be 
received by 22nd September 1986. 



TO £7.30 p.h. 



Call Laura ore- 
01-242 0785 

TFfersormeC Appointments 

95 AMwych. London WC2B 4JF. Tel: 01-242 0785 jlfc 
(ansa phone after office hours) 


Seeks 18 - 19 year old with 2 ‘A’ levels to assist on 
underwriting box. Handwritten CV. to 

R. F. Wills L J. Cox & Ore 
1 Seething Lane London EC3N 4 AX 


Urgent temporary booking* 


Wmdpfcx Gemini. 

Rank Xerox 860. 

630 + 64Q, 

Wc abo fave room for more 
Wang. Wordstar. Daplay- 
wriK IL NBA. Philips and 
OUveUi tempi. 

Please ring 
439 7001 

Telephone 377 | | 


TheWPCoosakanls | 

KGW MOW! Temp In Advert* 
ing. PR. Conference organising. 
ArrhiH-cts. Winn A Spirits and 
PuM oiling. Ton rale* at Govern 
Garden Bin ran. no FTrcl St. 
C.C4. 363 7696 

MATUtMTY LEAVE. Ptrracuny. 
7 month asMgnmriu tor top PA. 
00+/60+. Inlernattonal co. 
French iBcf ut. W ang WP Irani 
mo. CIQ.OOO nro rata 
Bmudrar at Bond SI. 01 629 

You have at least a years per- 
sonnet management exnemncr 
with Uie emniiasts on rarull- 
menl + a mdurr bersonalUy. 
As a consultant placing perma- 
itrau secretaries, your hart 
work and eamtht win gain 
vou kih Mini action plus earn- 
ing* of £14.000 £iaooo+. 
Imually an a 3-3 monlhs eon 
irart with a view n» 
permanency Call Lyn Cecil of 
isermarie* Pins on 439 7001 
miP IN CHELSEA fXl 1.000 
Director level assignment io 
start mid August. 100/80 skills 
and Wang WP racpermice need- 
ed Please telephone Fiona OJ 
340 3511. Elizabeth Hunt He- 
miuraenl Consultants. 




an opportunity has 
arisen fortwo people 
aged 24-30 to build a 
successful business 
within the Financial field. 
High earnings during 

tra&nng rising steeply 
with an opportunity to 
enter management. 

Call Adrian Suckling 
on 01-629 0116 

quired tor exclusive private ski 
Chain CO Good wociirr/conJ./- 

personality essential. Ol 6»S 


language*. City exp. £3 0.000 
Language Staff abv ass 8923. 


Temporary secretary with 
good S/H & typing ur- 
gently needed to look 
after two young Directors m 
in up-market Bond Street! 
offices during maternity 
leav& Generous rates. 



RECmtOMST No switchboard, 
no tyMng. h*M meeting and 
weehng ettmts In IhfsSWl PR 
A Advertising ConsuUancy. 
You must be weO spoken, nave 
an attractive appearance and a 
conftdenl pervmatlly Age 23- 
ZB. £8.000 + bonus Please can 
Andrea Ol 639 7838 Barnett 

vuiglon Antique Gallery.. 
Experience nraetaary. Please 
phone 01 465 5981 

CE7.900 * eec. 

perks A mator internal iqiviI 
lirm loraied in superb ofnevs 
rtow waierioo/BYnars *ti*v. 
seeks person age d ideally early 
to nod twenties lo loin rhetr 
tausy National Training Dew. 
Applicant* should have a good 
standard of education, some 
typing, the ability lo work on 
own imtiauve and mk>y mew- 
ing amt dealing with people at 
all mots RMci anl admn exp. 
nv and driving licence pro- 
I erred. Call Lorraine 
Hfndmarsft **5 6198 

Klngtand Per*. Cons. 


Brook Green design company. 

A good phone manner, 
numeracy and attention lo de- 
tail are emenlial. Mini nave 
pre* not nark experience, pref- 
erably in a similiar pcntlKO r. 
C7.O0O For turther details 
phase ran (ur> 1 uU ens nu Ol ■ 
581 2977/5947 at Jarre 

Crosihwalte Recruitment con 
snLlanls. 21 Beauchamp Place. 
London SW3. 

prt son nel/recrtiti mg experi- 

ence. a Doviut e personality and 
a Men lo prove your success U> 
a taring profe-annul environ- 
ment.'' A consultant imd Ms 4- 
H needed m our Wesi End of- 
fices to place secretaries in 
permanent (oft* Salary package 
Call Lyn CecB 
of Secretaries Plus an 439 7001 

OFFICER 24 e ream red n 

maul lain press r rating* library 

and undertake cataloguing. to- 

devlnq -dalisIK*. and analysis 

■sc. Plenty of scone in use initia- 

tive £9.000 Please ton tact 
Lyn Baird on 01-4 59 3054 iOl- 

039 0482 after 6 Mini 

Failtifold Personnel 


£8000. This leading eduMttan 
organiser tv seeking an Assis- 
tant lo become involved in a 
varied computer-based funr- 
uon. You wHI recave fuH 
l rattling and win be able to at- 
tend the shows on which you 
work. Keyboard skills at 40 
wpra. Synergy, the recruitment 
consultancy- 01657 9533 
sented person, with experience 
for In-manorial company In 
Omtrd London. You win be 
part of a young livety team, 
booking soaiah courts for staff 
and conferaiue rooms Uniform 
attownare. £7, bod. Tell 583 
1034 Meredith Scot! 




Ideal for smart efficient col- 
lege leaver for residential 
sales office. Salary £6,500. 

Farrar, Stead & Giya 
ref Clarissa Muir 
01-373 8425. 


Prestigious Mayfair Wine Merchants require London based 
school leaver interested in the Were Trade to look after ou* 
cellars and deliveries. Good propsects and training offered. 
Clean drivaig licence essential. 

Apply to 

Jeremy Druitt 

The Cuvzon Wine Company 
11 Curzon Street, London W1 
Tet 499 3327 



MM-presented person with good speaking voice, needed to 
ad os receptionist m membershfj organisation's prestigious 
SWi buHdfog prtwiiSng restamnt and function room fadUtms. 
5.00pm - lOJOpm, 3 evenings Monday to Friday. Evening meel 
provided bt addition lo salary. Must be conscientious, unflap- 
pable, capade and - VERY IMPORTANT - l*e people! Sul 
person unable to work during day or mtft part-ome job else- 
where. Preferred age ZS - 45. 

Apply Christine Sutton 
01-839 1233 during day. 

(No agencies.) 

nwgiiHufnn Un well known 
Cllv pdrUk-nhip need* 3 wrfl 
vookm and writ pci x 11 IM P/T 
rrCPMionM.*. Onr for the morn 
■ng and ow lor thr afternoon 
Saury to £7.B00. Cowwfd and 
Dam HpcTUlUhml Ltd. 35 
Brufrm Plate. Wl. 01-493 

PART THE srorury iwjuu-rd 
by mmulUno ccwnpanv in 

CamilGardrn Audio and good 
teUvfone manner ew/ioal 
Hour* ncooUabtr. ao*o to Gg- 
and Hotborn lubrn. Tel Hewn 
430 1791. 


search osvk&m for p r ofraaonal 
company in Victoria after- 
noom only. -Vie rang- 3S-3S 
veorv (£8.000 pro-rala More 
detail* Slewart william-. Phone 
Ol 583 1034 Meredith Scott 

PART TIMER - Hour* 19am to 

■ 3n*n rvr lor 4d Aqv npy. 
wxiier. £5.>>70 p a. Ring Cuban 
Her kill on 01-499 8992 .11 Ad- 
venture Personnel Lid. 

ART GALLERY Require* Part 
Time kKT'Urud A»isUM Tel 
Of 730 0081. 


Coatbned from pagr2I 

PA 'SEC Lale 2OV30 1 * with 1*1 
ilirs mam 'shorthand not n- 
senliali lo unrk with Fmanre 
Duer lor u Wl entrepreneurial 
Co. He m-Prt* .i -soul-male- abb- 
lo prep-ire rresenla 

lion* vvilh spre^sheel* and 

priim-IHifis t!2.'X». Irep 
lunrh eli Jovre Gumrv. Ol 
589 8807/0010 iRer Com I 
NO PRESSURE Banking Sec 77n* 
mriih.un bank based al London 

Bridge ms* -i maiure s*y Io 
unrk Ini Hie Ini Manpower Re. 
soi it re* kin’ll Suit person age 
uplnSOtvnwilh adequate short 
han't who waul* a 9 5 pnwllmi. 
Sdl rvl0C".>0 -. turn per** 
Cmilarf 5oe kirvhaw -108 lolo 
MarVrttotee Her Cnn* 

PR SEC C9.000 expanding SVV 7 
agelH i need arrurale 

Cnm/Audlr. So., to work lor 
tni** Ai i i.inl Oirerlnr Lcls nf 
imotiemeni Tram on WP 
Would (igtsHler gnnd 2inl ioh- 
les Villi Ol 057 5277 Marv 
Grave-- Her Cnn* 


A leading International Manufacturer of Papermachine Cloth- 
ing requires a motivated young Service Engineer. The position 
would suit a Mechanical Engineer qualified to degree level with 
at least four years experience in Pa perm ill Production Engineer- 
ing, or a Papermachine Clothing Company. 

The applicant would preferably be located in France, West 
Germany_or the United Kingdom and have a knowledge of the 
English. French and/or the German language, and also must be 
prepared to spend a minimum of 1 SO days per year travelling. 
Minimum age 25 years. A clean driving licence is essential. 
Salary: commensurate with experience, with annual reviews- 
The company provides the usual fringe benefits, and a two litre 
company vehicle would also be provided. 
Applications in writing to: 

Niagara Lockport 

(Quebec Industries Incorporated) 

U.fC Office 

1 2a Town Street Marple Bridge 
Cheshire SK.6 5DS 


vufrrxvlul (Inn rt Dntqn Con 
vuJIiMlv need a young. tatieaM* 
PA io run ihcir oHkt \ our 
ofgamsMKgul rtfr will uuolii- 
lun*inq with clynl*. Arnirana 
ITH-VIIIKK. dMling with 
drxjqncT'* work whrtJuV- J* 
wpil .x* mp roraolh running ol 
Ihr oflicr- A minimum ol two 
vi-ai- 4 work ewnratf FViUilc 
4IIIIUOC anl a letiw oi humour 
0I» mu»d Aga 20-26 Skill* 
SO worn £8.500 PMMS*' con 
lki Angela Mcnnwr Ltd 
'BivtoiiitiutI Consultants i Tel 
oJi 9o86 

SISTANT - £30 noo Hall 

JIUII -/WP. half a -.hok- ranor 
oi iiilormling admin lor l<*am m 
*ur* r* or* in large Cilv to Pri- 
\ i»n* properlv- i*d n.inixl mid 
20 JO * Call 377 8600 iCilv • 
ui A}9 7>xn iWrst Cndi Scct'- 
Mi ii -* Pin* • Thr Sccivtarial 

PR - AXO.OOO. PA. mid 20**-. 
■iul*Mudin>i on wh-ohoii* and in 
[wraui Id AID Ol *mall '-xiund 
mil PH CO m braulUirilv 
innuxtrllni wari-ht-uw" in M 
Onrrnt Ivpinn. shorthand * WP 
•■kill* rwIWul Call 377 8000 
■ ra j »'< toc-s iw.'i cm 

Srrjriarm* Plu* • Thr Vardan 
al CrxiMiItjmx 

LUCIE CLATTON rmh ir-allv 
rlinx-nl and imiulito wn i'i-H *povrn and n\rr X 
w Hli qcrid *non hand Ahoul 
ro OOC *rar Harrod* 16H 
PnniMon Rrt IHW Ol 

SMI <VS2d 


k ■ ni mpin aioiiM I.- i*pm 
ritrni in work al MU M-vri To 
I'OiXis sfrrrm. Cntn J-n ■ TT» 
Lajigruia- SO«Tali*l*i e3o 

PA AUDIO SEC I'xuiinl t» Pi in 
a ip.ii if small Hiiur 
Winonn Inlnrainnandcful 
li-tiaang pn*mon Lm* oi .almin 
LvriH-nl *Alol* Trlrpiv-iiu- 
■*: a-,o jms 


[■Iin|>'.iii 1 .11 nu lain- real, OH 

.Hill w<-*l Curt taoaad -/lurul 

ami ini-im skill* n-guiiaxi aoa 
AM-I-I lAnfrlr.ur Joi 


a-nii O rnkin Jail. 9C'S5 Ud 
l-N-linr.iir ni.illlnr/ Plis-nlj 
Imn i. : •: -».i- moal Link 
I inun-i-jr Vps-i ■ me- 


■ III .alpilll & M Wiw llum-s 

Cl I I.lll'-I Plisiwl, 

i. g - ,;.-i i ■*-.!. ,11. 1 TLL> Am 
1-.V -5o a-Ji-7 

lAMMfAli MUSK CO llllliv* 

rrt Puhlir Rl-la 

nun* Ik- C. 7.000 fall NalaU-i 
n.Ti Van o; 756 9AE.7 
DELEGATE In 3 lunmrs *IHI WP 
*un/>rr ra.liix-h HalpjA In 
\ Ii.hhi linmrd .f.irl Call 57“ 
WoartPn^ -HIT Cnn i 
ihi -nulin C9 COO * l.inn- * 
llkil f ii. taw Still III ui Tnl m 
24a So3o Crnhr G" I Linp Igv 


All dMwfinl atfvpiiKiiKiiis 
can be accepted by t el ep h on e 
(cMCpt AmKHinctttKfltt). The 
deadline is 5.00pm 2 days prior 
to pobfitalkm fic 3.00pm Mon- 
day for Wednesday!. Should 
you tnA io send an advenise- 
mcm la writing phase radnde 
your daytime phone number. 
PARTMENT. If you have any 
qocncs or pi a Wuus refadiiK io 
advertisement oaee it has 

appeared, please contact dot 
C iNWmer Services Department 
by telephone on 01-411 4100. 


MENHT GUEST Happy 2191 BfcrBi- 
00 y* All the tnl for Ow year 
ahead Cron family and (rtertb 


CALIBRE CITS Ltd praree&MMl 
cumrulura viue dociuncnk*. 
DMaUsi 01-631 3388. 

BREAKAWAY. London's club lor 
prakrasidnal unaltaMtwd pm* 
3343 Over 300 events month- 
ly. 24 hr into tape. 997 7994. 

dio* available. Fuff make- up A 
dress) ng Uribtiek.01 4SB 3788 
lor defads 1 1 9pm Mon-Frl. 

CAPITAL CV* prepare high auaU 
ty rumculum vllaes. 01-607 

BELORAVIA ipr Victoria Soil 
Garage lor 2 car* to let or lor 
sale Renl C 2 feoa pa or 8S year 
■ease at £25.000. M e atc ohone 
Ol 828 643« or Ol 828 5091. 

Bond SL Wl. 01-629 9634. 

FRIENDSHIP, Love or Mamage. 
Ad age*, area*. DBteUne. Deal 
•0161 23 Abingdon Road. Lon- 
don W8 Tet: 01-938 1011. 

COMPANY GOLF Days organised 
for stall or rtam mers. An y fc> 
cation. Tet 0734-872732. 

KART lo HEART. Todays way 
of meeting. Confidential mirw- 

durtMB throughout UK for 
GomlKUiionstiip. Frtendshln. 
Marriage Heart to Heart. 32 
London Rd. Twickenham. 
Middx 01-892 2051. 


“CONVEY AMONG by umy ouaU- 
liedSobcuors £160 ♦ VAT and 
standard disbursements ring 
0244 319398. 

US lawyer 17 Bulstrode SL 
London W’t Ol 486 0813. 


£1000 PART for China Catenets. 
Abo tables, desks, wardrobes 
etc. Urgently wanted old oil 
paintings, unframed, lorn, we 

buy them. Phone Marlin DMw 
01960-8006 or wrtle to 361. 
Harrow Road. London W9. Ah 
England covered- 
£20 per or up to paid for silver 
article* L p hi £250 per os foe 
gold. Mr Han 01-960 8030 or 
Wnle 361 Harrow Road. Lon- 
don. W9 Alt England covered. 



Top* 60 col TVy, I idly grid 
from L50 lo cioo. Half or less 
. of usual once*. 91 Lower 
Sloane 9- SWI. 730 0933. 

Rosewood centre + 6 chalrK A 
one Mahogany sideboard, size 
5(1 9". rrcmtiy purchased tram 
Harrod* Phone Mrs Nath al 
629-7467 lor appouilmeaL 



Opened in 1916, the Raya! 
Star & Garter provides a 
true home for disabled 
Bx-Servrce men and 
women. Please heipusto 
continue caring for these 
men and women to whom 
we owe so much, by 
senrfng a donation or 
leavmg a legacy. 

The need is urgent} 


PBpL TOlk te Mi4Swn| TOTISBa 


Tbgeiiier we can beat it. 

W-Tund over one third of 
all i«earch into ihe preven- 
tion and cure of cancer in 
the UK. 

Help us by send mg a dona ■ 
non or make a legacy io: 


2 Cirhfii: HrtisrTirr Jeff 
|Dvfil TT9/4 Ll.'indun SWIV 5AR.I 

TTese cWdrai tow to be tagm how 
» speak. They need speoai teadws. 
speoal arerann and smcal 
equunwif. Phase gra us ihe means 
to hdp and D see that mey are not 
forgotsn by Government ov 
Educann. by Local flutnonies. 



145 Heretort Rod. Inoitan W2SAH 


■nillkxrt *tork*ol ITui and t«h 
rmlurv trpllra (unuiurr bv 
uaw of England's llnml cralts- 

inni JW1UF0«1. now Henley on 
Thames >04911 641115 
FINEST quail ly wool rarpNs. Al 
Itadn prten and umrr. also 

jiaUiMo 100*1 "Wta Large 
room sin- rmuianl* undoc half 
nm nssl prtn>. Chanrmy ends 

Ol 405 0453- 

TIC TUBES 17*5-13*6. OWr 
uurs avail. Hand bound ready 
■or pn-smlatlon alw> 

■-Sunday* - £13 50 R o inembrr 
Whni Ol 688 6323 
siariHihl Exp. Choxs. Lc* Mrs. 
All Ihralro and sport*. 

T--1 821-6616/828-0496. 

A Lx / Visa / DUverv 
BIRTHDAY DUE T Chvp sontroor 
an original Tmm Nmnpaprr 
daird UK* very dav Inrv were 
horn LI 2 60 0492 31303. 
kUill Mirni Any nmiliK Lrx 

Mr*. Cm ml Gdn. Starbgbl Exp. 

CHvnCMiounw. 01-828 1678. 

Maine rmlil card*. 


rork V ineroyABoch rtc w«* imi 

.iiiv pnre AKS 0952 784138- 

jlu- and sport TcH 439 1763. 
All mafor rrcdU cd&. 




Wool mbt Berbers from E3.95 per 
st} yd + VAT. 80% wnl Heavy 
Domestic tfWton £1X85 per sq yd 
+ VAT. Corimplaa ties E8.75 (** 
sq yd + VAT & many otto gnat 

207 Ha wrdfltk HB, 
Hampstead SWB 

Tel: 01-794 0139 

Free edmates-epart fiflbg. 


and ctaosa from luuJredsof 
Lymgtn and grand ponas far 
sale or hre from only Sl6 pm. 

Albany St NW1 
-01 335 8682 
ArtHery Place, SE18 
01 854 4517 




01-699 7198 

Royal Ooufton Toby Jkigs, 
CharacMr Jugs and 
Bguros raqrired. Also al 
ether Dotdton wear + 
Other good quatty chins 

Figurine*, animats, otc- want- 
ed. 01 883 0024. 




Oenutnr rrrlucttom on a ter 
LOO nrw A mknd tnstru- 
ments. LnrtvalHxl allrr sola 
srrvKY. rw cmalogw. SOa 
Highgalr Rd. NWS. 01267 
7671. Frt# catalogue. 



twotKRannJL / purchase njLN* 
a«iri«»iiai »n*cMaiii 






Thursday 14th If am and 6pm 

Friday ISth at Ham 

Four days prior to sale 

Late night view: 
Tuesday tin 8pm. 
Monday and Wednesday 

Thursday and Friday 

Montpelier Street, 

London SW7 1HH 

Telephone: 01-584 9161 


5W7i 2 douMp bedrooms. 2 bath- 
room.* 1*1 door balcony flat 
Ataiidhir mid August lo rod 
*— Db-mb-r CSOO pw. Trt: 584- 
7283 1 das ■ 570-3791 (alter hr*) 

HOLIDAY FLATS A Muses avail 
atn«- cron cs OOOpw. Personal 
Vn kr 01-158 36B0 or 0836 
592824 any I urn- |T». 

BARNES Fully ruutPPM vpactous 
.1*1 hrrt rial. Hit frCCD. kIL 
balh LI 40pu.Trt:OI 876 3964 


hmsimlnn Col T V 24 hr S» 

Brt Trii-V Collinotiam Aprs Ol 

373 esSOb. 

vrvM-ixt 3 Ben auannwrM. 
Pnmi- iw.UHHi unit WRM. 01 
373 6»u iTl 

KENSINGTON Sunny gardm flat 
in Sound nuMMsntr. Lounge. 2 
luxK. £320 »«■ 602 9941. 
rvnuai London from C3ZS pw. 
Ring Town H*" 4M> 373 3453 
rrotrai nratm ium for S mihg. 
£650. PM 01 927 6361 
WCl. August Lovrty 2 text (UL 
lug garth- n. all martilnes. Bw 
aooaMc 589 >3988 


ni ■'FULHAM 

33a- IrnuU- la riurr met- family 
injum- hull £ aitien. Own sun 
nv doubu- bodrocm with 
hORRir Tubd 3 mins. £350 
pnncxrluslid Phom- 736 >014 

cirti 4«o 9327 days. 

SWZ. Largp douHv room- privabr 
houw. CH. 2 Prof persons. 
Slurr tviUirm/kU wtttl I ollHT. 
Close- bWlubd C27JSO BW 
darts, or CAO pw slngio. Trt: Ol 
674 1540 attar 5pm 
FULHAM Prof m/1, to snare lax 
Mum- in prisarr mate. Excel. 
Irnl tarllllps Own room. etc. 
Just OH King* Rd. £250 PCM 
736 9891 aura 7.30 om 

ProT F. N/S. O/W. nrar BR. £40 
pw nd * its wp Ol -243 6911 
ext 35319 (dayi or 01-549 8101 
wrtKT 6 301 

HARM VALE I prason IO Shun? 
comrortaMr Hal whu l oshcr- 
Own bratroom and fuH use o4 
flat. Clote to lubn. £200 B*ua 
WIT* pern. Trt- OI 423 4160 
PUTMCY . dbk- ns lo kH In lux 
houw. Sun young couple. Shr 
K&B. C5SPW rxri Ring: Ol 628 
7700 X 4330 litayuraei or 788 
5845 I rvr* I 

NI2 M/F to sharo preuy house. 
O/r. CH. (Hint carpets, close lo 
tube. C40 per week rtd A UUs. 
Phone Gay 727 Ac- 12. 

Eves 745 7720. 

M2, prat M. 25*. O/R- lux naL 
rtase an transport + good puk- 
ing. £190 pom mrl TO «dayj 
□1606 1611 . levest 01-262 

W KEN. F grad 20s o/r tn CH lux 
naL AH mod runs Near tube. 
£175 Don ever From end Aug. 
Ring JuUr on. 01-630 9395 
may i or 01-603 6420 imesl. 
BATTERSEA. M/F lo shank Da L 
Own bedroom and fuH me o f 
Hal £160 pem rxri. 622 2975 
tatter 6pm i 

■ATTUnCA SHU Prof m/L 
N/9. 25 phs io share tux lw 
with owner. £200 pent me. Tel 
228 8569 eves. 

independanl person for o/r tn 
ptnuam flat. n/s. £40 pw toe. 
Trt. Ol 570-4789 lEvesf 
FIFTY POUNDS tn* W12 Garden 
Flat to share with I other. Own 
large room. Near BBC. Tel Ol- 
734 5332/01-749 7506 
FLATMATES Selective Sharing. 
Well estab inirodurtory service. 
Pise lei lor appl- Ol 389 5491. 
313 Bromplon Read. SW3 
2 COWLS REQUIRED to shr spa- 
rtou» roam In Ige Balimm 
house. £115 pent each Inc. 360 
1568 Eves or 671 3238 Day 
KINGSTON Prof person lo shr 
lodge. O/R. ctom shoos A So. 
£40 p W. exet Tel Ol 081 1393 
X3258 or OJ -549 7105 EVES. 
SOOTWEUSSW19 Home and 
garden. Tube 200 yards. O/r. 
CH etc. Prof F £185 P-CJn. 
Day Ol 499 8931 James. 
UHL Prof M/F. N/S. O/R 
share one other in knety Ru. 
£200 Km etui. 236 6411 esd 
8001 iday* 350 2368 pm. 
BROMLEY Prof n/s snare tee 
o/r£ABew tnc e Return Depgt- 
noi 464-8907 Eves 3 Wkenas 
CLAPHAJH Opp Gammon. M/F. 
N/S shr mod rut. O/R. £188 
pem ewl. Tel.Ol 673 6473 eves 
FULHAM 5WC Room In hwury 
house or Hurtngtiam £60 PW. 
Tel after 6. Ol 732 IG36 
HAMPSTEAD. F to shr lux rui. 
£250 b.c.m. Tel OL 222 4858 
■ Days!. 01 372 6030 (Evsl. 
RMMCATE Altrartive sunny no 
Soactous accwn for I prof per* 
nr lube £45 Exd. 883 5290 
SES Dbie Rtn to Lux Shared FUL 
AU Sen. 15 mms Town. £65 
pw Cad. 01-701 8677 Cves 
SWXB Prof f mtd 20S own foe 
rat. share f ankles Nr BR. £46 
PW tort. 879 1301 after 6pm 
SW1S. £170 pem. M/F. N/S- 
O/R. parktng/ireguani buses. 
w/Mach. Ol -874 2364 after 6 
SN like dbie roam to foe lux 
Jtse suM prof rowUe or 2. Nr Ma- 
han. £75 pw IT] 01-788 4448 
SW2 Young prof I to 'Mure flat. 
O/R. an amenities. £185 pair 
exel. 831-7765 o. 671 7239 n. 
SW1B Prof m/f. n/s. la snare 2 
bedim flu. O/r. £160 pan. Tel 
Ol 373 3726 utter 6pm. 

Wl nr ScMttdge*. Large room in 
luxury llal. Prat I. £69 pw tocL 
01 486 3081- 
W1 WBBPOL C ST. Lge o/rtn m 
lux lap Or RaL AU mod cans, 
f cm. £65 pwexd.Ol 9360204 


T m 

t r|Ik 



Oetr lOaWW people in lira 11 ateedKiagdixn softer a St ni hae rtjyj gto , 


<tee death ia six ■ doe to a Stroke or its coxaeqaaBOtg. 


There are mtlraxi 150000 cteablrd Stroke W ' d m in Britaia. 


Aboat a balfof all Strokes could be prevented 


Prn roi tani and lebb teHlgt iao need f onda mgenlly. 

National Stroke Campaign 



Remember Stroke Victims Please 

/beueawrf CLiruy .Va 21101 :, 

lb The Oml Heart and Smte AxHeubtg.IinnBUek Howe North. 1 
Tk’nrtnrliSgtMfiuLnndonWCIH 9JE 7HaphoarBU873Sl2 

»»* <te.v« H i n .iaava»Ca»prtf «rf | 


cttt t [-■■-vrrn-i m 


lmt rj 

TOM VOICE could be your for- 
tune. Sen adiertMng by 
Mepnone to established naUan- 
al muHty punucauarm. 
Earnings depend oo efforts. 
Based In our London office, fcn- 
meduue start. Call k 
Turnbun cn 01-624 7211 


rook Ig help me sal up and de- 
vek» a Luncheon Club on a 
Thames ratling barge. U'sa fab- 
ulous. « different plan' to work 
and win stretch your aMUty. 
bnagbwtton and stamina. If bv 
terened. phrase contact Mam 
Meant on 01-874 9056 A cou- 
ple of cooks would aUO be 

CHALET GIRLS- Over 21. cook 
mg experience ess en tial. French 
ung pref. Please apply with Cv 
SoowMac-e. 10 Cleveland Way. 
El. 01-790 2424 

three person household- Centra! 
London. No pert Cooking a 
cleaning |V- days off Own 
room A balh In large flaL Sala- 
ry ncgodable. 01-489 0146 
otnee hours 

VALET /FOOTMAN reg for exc. 
London residence. Top salary 
etas **ngJe accomni Age 21 » 
Trainee considered. Telephone 
Mrs tfiArfdnson 01-828 
2063/589 1941 

SUPER jQh/supcr SW6 home (no 
cMMreoj for smart, personable 
au pair pUnv/glrt (May Some 
cooking, cleaning driving etc. 
Ol 381 1537 

reeks lull time dally nanny/ 
mothers help lor 2 boys. 3 
tears 6 15 months. 01-761 

AU PAIRS A Mooters Help* re- 
oulrea for many ciosMs 
families. Hrtpmases Emp. Agy. 
Ol 874 4151. 

BUTLER REqMRED lo act for 30 
people in Hampshire lo unusual 
protect. Telephone 0372 

CHALET cntLS wanted for win- 
ter dd season Id France. Good 
cooking skills. French and aUe 
lo ski. Call (09321 246342. 

Spanish Restaurant. Spanish 
cutslne essential. TeL Vivienne 
ilOam - opml 061 224 6B26. 

HOLLAND Mothers help rrawdred 
for boy 6 years. muM ride wen 
Vang Bancroft Agency 
0689 31701. 


MALE 33, BSC.. MBA.. 
Marketing Soles Rnoann e«pe- 
Ip-nce Seek* fhal lending eareer 
pavilion wth growth artenuded 
Companv. parttedarty suited 
for special protect, or Market 
AMiwnfmiMitti work. Win- 
bkifo iratrt. b mereaua ktaaty 
Reply to BOX 069 

ta Tear *M Yorka hfa eman seeks 
inlerevung work ta <■- around 
London Main to nn e au muofe. 
elect roo lev and iMnuty model- 
ling. Trt. rf>609> 5134. 



2 bed flat for sale, 
short lease/9 yrs. 

Goddanl & Son 
01 930 7321 


Oal to p/b btaefc. Lpe taunge. Iff 

Wtrhro. luHy Hied battra. Qut- 

et locanon. Off street parking. 

900 yr lease. QuMk sale. 
£72.000 me carnets + curtains. 
Teh 01-7407173 


L T C. Open 0753857036 

lar Tram. 01 485 9257 IATA 


11 11 Travetwtsr. m aha. 

5PADL Portugal OwH fares, 
aotue*. ot 735 5191 ATOL- 

SWrtZBRLAND Schedutromgrits 
01 724 2388 ABTA ATOL 


Benz Travel- Trt Ol 3856414. 

FLIGHTS Worldwide. 

Havnurkrt .01-930 1366- 

ford SL large DrtghL hue fern 
uudkv munutog Hbr mod 
rood, wp kAk huge roof lerr. 
£67*500 ono. Tot 01-749 -4232 


FULHAM RKerstde del . . 
spacious studio, ideal Med a 
terre. secure, gottn. collar 
store, long lease. £05XK». Trt: 
01-381 5097 


WIMBi mow : 2 bed. terraoed 
house CH Chile BH_ Me* 
slaL C76.000. Tot 107301 



In snen ans. M n nnaoit open 

countiwsk. Ascot / Wtadnr 5 
imi. o tads. 2 baths ft msriB). 4 
imps, taoe fmed Mcben. consena- 
tray. tuSt aMtni Dutch Ban. 
gnoes. oftet tons, scape for 


■ ih. (am) 


944 LUXi Auto. A. m Guards 
red. 23.000 mis. FSH. £13.995. 
TeLi0642t 722180 / 723631. 


MERC EDC 230 E.198S. 12X00 
■mm. metalbc sUver/biueCtofh. 

Sun rttof. Electric wtodows. 

Racbo/rassetie. Electric aertaf. 

£12250. 0696 421600. 


SHADOW L P reg. 99000 miles, 
dark brown/ cream leather. 
£9^00. Trt Mr Gardner office 
hours 01-981 3921 


Regent StreeM-ondon Wl. 

4S9 6534 UK/Ovi 


Trt . _ 

Also mjtetps/doms Mia/pmn 

LOTUS EXCEL 1983. Ice blue. Hr 
con. PAS. leather In fe r ior, new 
lyres. exghausL FSH. 42.000 
miles, abaottoeiy knuu tc u fasa. 
£8000. 0527 **939. 


mw LOW FM£S wuhk 

Aoskto «00 Dutts 
FlMfimn E40D is»M 
Usos D3) jfecddi .. 
Monrovia S*)0 KanOU 
Amman S76Q tuHrSn 
060 XianR 
CM5 N.York 
mo Sent 

^ w* 


2 bbuuh mm. mm* vt 





I £180 

Tet 01-439 35Z1M97 

hue una 





Jo bug 




£89 N YORK £275 
CSC UlfSF £395 
£320 Maml £320 
£325 Satgapora £420 
060 HmpS £335 
EBB Katmandu C440 
£33S Rangoon £358 

Hong Kong ESI 0 Chmh £425 

21 SmMm a leedea ■> 
H4M peOHD 807 


smgi* nkn 

johiyg/ Har OOO Kffi 

£275 E390 

£150 £230 

TWO £380 
DJ/Sopi £250 £350 

BaitfaA £220 £350 

Oouata Sm 

Afro Asian Ifowl LU 


TEL: 01 

OF SICILY LMTOttohal value 
lUMraun Grand Tom’, se- 
rially destaoed to *an*<V wtoe 
iwrtes. wtttl scrniMe dtotv mtte 
ane. Departures Tuesday 30 
SepL T.14 A 21 Oct C?98 tort 
day lllrtn Cstwirk. 7 nwnu 
H/8 in 3/4 tur hoirrt. amort 
uv-k entrance lee* Sprawl oi- 
ler* also to TAORMINA, met 
1*1 cal hotel C26B H/B. beach 
hotel C218 H/B. peoMOne £171 
B A b. an tar 7 nionis. same dro 
dales. ISLAND SLN ipI-222 
7452 ABTA/ ATOL 1907 
o/w C42Q rta C 76Q. Auckland 
o/w £420 rtn £770. Jo'bora 
o/w C306.rtn £499. Lav Anoa- 
•n o/w £216 rllt £406 London 
Ftfont centre Ot sro 63 42. 
nights c.g. Rio 0480. Lima 
C495 rat. Abo Small Giotip 
Holiday Jonrapys-teo Peru 
from C5BOI JLA Ol 747-310B 
L-SA. S. America. Mid and Far 
Ead. S A trim. Trayvale. 48 
Maraaret Street. Wl Ol 580 
2928 i Visa Accepted! 

for Australia. NZ Middle eosL 
todta. Far EasL ABTA Chib Air 
Travel. Ol 629 2684 
(arcs on charier /Scneduied fits. 
Pilot Flight 01 631 0167. A 91 
Atm 1893. 

Aug/ScpL aval labf Illy 109235 
771266. Ttorswav Holidays. 

pnan destination*, vatexander 

Ol 402 4262/0062 ABTA 

61004 ATOL 1960 

magic Price*. FUrtto A 
holidays. Freedom Holiday*. 
01 741 4606. ATOL 432. 

Worldwide etteaped lam 
Rhtunond Travel. 1 Duke St 
Rtrtunond ABTA 01-940 4073 

Hojrt reservations aB over Mo- 
rocco Tel: Ol 734 5307 


01-S37 5400 
_ 01-8B3 1515 
lO/fiateOS On 01-908 3444 
Gofonmal Uenwd/Baadeil 

HOT TURKEY. Angurt avail. 
Spend a "*>f. nrtaxmv °°* 
ornate beach now. itei » 
week ntiehis oo oor yacht tor 
C4SO wr tn. H/B. tore 
w/spotth other comei^itow. 
oo**. 01 526 1006 Ot 737 
58tjic24nrre ATOL 2091. 

cosTCurmts oh iihmv/M] 
to Curoct*. ISA* mod drtJtoa- 
tram. Dtototnai Travel 01-730 
0201 ABTA 14TA ATOL. 

' Hooe Discount* SmwWJd 
Travel -037271 26097 



Travel. 60. Red Lwn ST. WCl. 
Ol 405 14% ABTA/IATA. 

ALICANTE. Faro. MaU«a «r. 
DHirand Travel ATOL 1783 
Ol 681 4641. Horsham 6B541 

ALL US ernes Lowes! lares op 
tailor srneoiilrat earners. Ol- 
584 7371 -\BTA 
Best nolMlav* anywhere _Shr 
Travel Ol H34 74» ABTA . 
SO FOR IT UL American Van- 
noirt ph too there. Ol 637 

TUNISIA Per loci beaches for 
- your vumnv-r hohday. Can tor 
our bnxhure m m. T unisian 
Travel Bureau PI 373 4411. 
Club and First BESTFARC Ol 
394 1642 Aloi 1400 


120' Traditional safUng schooner 
world voyage M sample what- 
ever tv encountered wherever R 
may appear EJnaarUng as soon 
as possible on open ended. Ex- 
pense-* shared berth available 
07S53 B817 


12. 16. 19. Bo Aog to OCL Ot- 
reel Fib, artne a relaxing hols, 
on umpqHI rttev. boat trips. 
BBQ-* A Bop. For Soto's. Ono- 
pies A Families Lanarwoe Ol 
- 441 0122 


TAKE TIME OFF to Paris. Am- 
sterdam. Brawh Brugta. 
Geneva. Berne, l.nis anm>. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. Bou- 
logne A- Dieppe Time- Off. 2a. 
Chester Close. London. SW1X 
7BQ. Ol 235 8070. 



couple lake guests in fhrtr beau- 
Ulu) 2 star hotel Superb French 
cuisine New swimming pool. 
Colour brochure Trt: OlO 33 53 
91 61 31. 


LUXURY VILLAS wltfa pooH and 
staff mu avail South of France. 
MarbeOa. Algarve. .West indMA 
ConUneniaL YiDasOi 243 9181. 

Due to American cancrt- 
largo knotty vtUns unlei late 
August -Octobor. All have 
rated, bench or pool - aonto 
a cook, ff you am tfi Ink tog of 
taklnga party, but a) find A 
etpenriseor b) ara'l find 
anoogh peopta. gt*o us a ring 
mooli In. W* can reduce the 
price and parte empty bod 
supplements. Villa* to tody. 
Portugal. Corfu. Crete. Paxaa. 
•vtaNUfoe' cat m 0 m* 


Save with Swissair’s 
Super Apex. 

London toZurich or 
Geneva daily oncon- 
flights. And daily 
flights to Basle 
(except Sundays). 
Book arid pay 14 days 
before departure. 

Stay in Switzerland 
at least until the 
Sunday afterarrivaL 
Bookings and full 
conditions from 
travel agents or 



CV Trawl m 

«i Cteota a«ML LndM aan 2 P* 
oi sat oastijas laai 
<saaau2-Mhn] _ 




VUUft. some wuh 
POOH, apartment*- ' lavernav. 
Modi date avail from £153. 
Critic Hobdayy Ot 309 7 0706 
0622 677071' or 0u22 677076 
<24 hesi Atol 1772. 




Nairobi. Jo'Bmg. Cairo. Doha. 
IsanbnLSingapoie. K_E_ DeBii 
Bangkok. Horn Kong. Sydney, 
Europe. & The AmenCB. 

Flamingo Travel, 

76 Shaftesfeaiy Atone 

London WlV 7DG. 

01-439 0102 

Open Sxtxidxj IQjOO-LUM 

HONG KONG £488. Bangkok 
C369 Sum £457 Otter FE ett- 
m 01 684 6514 


FlighH Faktor Ol 4T1 0047 
ATOL 1640 Aunv/Vta 
STD /MEL £618 Perth £545. AU 
mator carrier* tg APS ft NZ. Ol ■ 
584 7371 ABTA 
S. AFRICA From C465. 01-384 
7371 ABTA. 


Experience staff (m/0 required for new 
prestigious executive dining complex in ihe 
City of London which opens September. 
Superb rates of pay. Ring Louise Bennett, 
Mayday Staff Services on 01-377 8761 
(emp Agy). 




Wc are a kadms Arab lugaage magazine published Aon 
London and are faoising to icovri a person suitably qualified 
io fin ibe pawl ton oT Editor for Sudanese AfGrits. 

The ap plic a n t should tare tad considerable e xp eri e n ce in a 
government lype bKLfaroond in either the Ci»fl or Diplomatic 
Services in a appropriate field. 

Preieqtnsiis are an euctknt command of both written and 
spoken Arabic os well aso working Kjw»fed*e oTEngtafLaa 
Bndmundii« of French A German mould be a considcnUe 
advantage, pteflfa ed age range 45-55. 

The poimou offtted i* a Senior Edrtoriai ant and iftis wffl be 
reflened in the w in * and coodiiions of anpktjrmenu 
Please reply in the lint ittsaace to: 

The General Manager 
Box No. G71 . 


Oak. Corfu. Rhodes, Mas. Saute 

Seek MandL lbs Mgna. Henorez 



£»B £239 

ZnS £245 

2SJ0JI tag 


Eta 1229 


11.12 Seal £199 £29 

Ml ta rtStal tnW haktas n*i 

ifota tom QBtai. Leon a ~~ - 

Tet UadM tl 251 MSB 

Tet SMWi «7*2 3UHi 
Teb ■wrkeefor HI W5BB 



] HWaga 14/K148 

house. *trairv 9. avail (or 1 week 
from 5to Gentenwr. -Gkse to 
beautiful toarhra and fabulous 
resuraunts. Trt 0285 68035 
M<n»- Frt mornings only 

MCE. TJovwcn fares ir £99. 
Biggies. 735 8193. Alol 1893. 

- B erger a c, house 
wHh own pool and lake, sips IQ. 
3 batbroacm. 30/8 onwards 
£350 p.w. Trt 0225 337477. 

LAHSUDOC village Use nr M«L 2 
dUe beta. caocellaum 
Seol/Oct- Fr C7B0W me. Eves 
0369 70903/ 01-629 6085 




avaUsMlttv Sunday Aug 

tor 2 wfcs. ErtauMuf vf Ifas or (fie 

beach ex Grtwtck Pan World 

Houturs. oi 734 2See 

price*. Flights 5 

hotmay*. Freedom Mondays. 
01-741 4686. ATOL 432. 
UHXCC. UnspOUt rtfands. cheap 
regfta vita rentals etc. 2Ws 

Hot*. 01 434 160T At Of- Alto. 








i Maples 17/K1C9 
1 Fare 15/SE17B 
J Teaerfh 15/t£1» 


01-491 1734 
01-629 3368 

ATOL 1624 


Unspoilt Greek isle. 'W/s. 
Boatnps. Bbqs & Bop 


a/s. uns. sapetta load, 
tree wew. Qube Z* or <★ lux- 
ury tatris by sandy bushes. 
horn S isaxsng notetw zngks. 
couples S (antes. 
01-441 8122 24 bn 


Return B ri cei fir«K- 

cxrnr ei» Munich rra 

FAFR) £119 MCE £119 
HAMBURG £75 MJW £i» 
mne £134 VIENNA ET29 
MADRO £99 ZURCH £99 
♦ EiMoan A Item Easkm 


GE«S fl 7TO^»«‘" ,C ACTA 


Sjrdnay £455 £755 

Auddond £475 £746 

Jo-Buro £306 £489 

Bangkok £209 £355 

Cairo £ 135 . BttO 

NkwYorit £139 E32Q 

Log Angelas £W8 £399 

01-370 6237 


A etna, a nort and a beanllfnl 

view. What more -could you 

want? Choose from Toscany. 

Sacrum* or Raveito the loveli- 

er parts of Rrty where Bw mass 
market o p era to rs don't go. Or 

combtof a vita Holiday wtth a 

stay m Ven toe, Ftorenoe or 

Rome. Free brochure from 

Magic Of Italy. Dept T. 47 Shep- 

herds Bush Green, wta BPS 
TM: Ol 749 7449 124 bn 


TtraCAHT 14/1. Lovcfy villas. 
Sips 4/6. Manna dt Ptetrasanta- 
Hemal from £ASOpw Fits avail 

or terry- Other dale* 6 villas 

avail. Resort vitas 061 833 


gust . For the right vita caB 
Eurovtnas 0376 61 156. 



H A MMC? Algarve villa on 

ceflattous - roper mbutimB. 
23rd August tor 2 or 3 weeks. 

stem A. senssUonal home with 

pool and sortf at Pentoa. UJSSO 

n.w. 2Bih Aumrsi. is or 14 

days, steeps to. superb property 

with unrivalled views, wtth 
pool and ton. 1 raUr from 

AnmOera. C1.7BO p.w OOnr 

roprtb houses available 
Sepf/OR/Nov . The AtorW Al- 
tenanv'e. 73 si James SL 
London. SWI Trt Ol 491 

4LGARVC21/5. 2 wks. Lovrty 3 

bed vita- wkh pool, vsaman. 

XMOpp. Other dales also avaO. 

Resort Villas 061 853 9095 
ALGARVE. Lux villas wtth pools 

& apts. Avan Sept/Oct Ol 409 

2835. VJUaWorML. 


COSTA DEL SOL i20 mm* Puerto 
Banns Marbellai. Super me on 
beaOi 2 twin oedrm* & 2 baths 
enrotw. map. gdn. s/naotv res. 
uarams. supermarkrt. Award 
wtnntog devetonmenl. Maid 
service, from £200 pw. owner 
Ol 586 4559/885 2321. 

MARBCULA. Lux vitas wtth 
ports & am. Aug w Oct. Oi 409 
2838. VDUWorVL 


to*. Sept on tor 2/6- X84-CL 

pw 01-794 0257/01-674 6650. 





t.lL Poos BD43HQ 


>- a 

4 i' 

z i 



- t 






RICHMOND. Lav del family hse. Well furn & dec. DtHe aspect 
inge/diung tm. S beds, 2 baths, small gdn. Close shops & 
trams. £375 p.w. . . 

STTSATHAH. Superb det family house with s/c flat facing 
common. Dng leshires reman. 3 reaps, 4 beds, misery, kit all 
martmas. Buders pantry. Close shops & Staton. £600 P-W- me 

JHSHICK. Newly bull 3 bed hse in wailed pnvatej aide sac. 
All new fumatangs. Ggt Gas c.h. A* COfHL £250 P- w . . 
KBtiiNfittM. Totally refurtfshed 3 bed hat m we# nanlamed 
black with porter Futty ftd to, 2 baths. Long let. £375 p.w 
MARBLE ARCH. Spaoous fiat on 2 levels. Overtkng gdns. 3 
beds. 2 rasps. 2 baths. Aval 11 ninths only- EZ6Q P-*- 

01-949 2482 


SW7 Flat in prastHMus Gdns. 
3 Rooms. KM. £25 
SW7 Sups spates Rat i 
Bed wen masses of cuo- 
boanfc. Reap. K80 £275 
SUB Interior Desgneis Hal 2 

Bed. Recep KiB £280. 

W11 Loe put him tannly Itsa 

Mbi Gan 4 Ben 2 Recep. 2 
Bath. E450+ Rates 


. — . Lge 
Gdn. ESSO mo. 

01-589 5481 


SUMS COTTMC. taut dec mod 
hse. lum uninm 4 bedims. 2 
bams. 2 moo. saw tun M tt. nwt 
gge. pao Dose tube £350 p»- 
S. KBt Wei hen an. Lowly paw 
hse. 2 bedims, nee roea K S &. 
Me CH £200 pit 
CHELSEA. Dagntut I team an 
dose Kmp RiL fean KID. 
b eaut hn n arsques. E1S0 pH 
PlfTKEY. VBy soar apt 2 bedims. 
2 W rerep. fat bath Fantastic 
value. Inc C/H £i2S p« 

01-499 5334 

bHU.lMKi jTsMMr ml *?"» WQl 
umpl m g ■*. dufr. UchP i/bm*- 

5,1 “mm me. 



An extremely attractive one 
bed (tat in this excehenr new 

development with s wff T mn g 

pool high seemly £175 pw. 
nmRco Office: 

Of -434 9998 


mg spaaons fum/urfum Period 
house m Odsca Great. 4 beds, 
3 baths, 2 recaps. My fit kit 
until as and Paw. gdn. £800 pw 

nunsron Hat. nr lube with tngti 

rriiitHjs A fuu Hmlh windows 
IKonunl In neutral lunn kit 
w/drycr. intro mlrancr phone 
A porter Co lei 6 months plus. 
C250 pw Goddard A Smith 01 
*30 7331 

, SW3 la lime on mar- 
ket. 3 Brand new fiats deuqned 
to muhesi standard All appli- 
ances ■ Beautilully furnished 
Lately liqhl roams. 1/3 Bed* 
from C275»w Cowes 828 

W8 Attracrue 
Collage in quiet residential Irr- 
rare walled Garden 3 Bedims. 
Rerep/Dmimi Rm Mod Kll A 
Bath Cxrrlleni dor order 
UOOpts Companv lease. 1 
>r + Around Town 229 9966. 

Heah lumtshod ath Iluar l bed 
flat, rerrp. kit all machines. 
Haiti & snosver till a porter Co 
Innq let £245 pw 
Coddard A Smi lh Ol 030 7321 

SW1 PIMLICO 1 owe 
hodroomed qiound floor apart- 
mem Fully furiusherl to a serv 
hmn standard. Parkino asaU- 
ahfr C33D pw EXCf Tel. Oi- 
730 I tol alter 2pm 

isls WehaseaUnqeselerlional 
luxurv 1.2.34 bisfioom (Life 
«iih maid smire inlennr do 
■aqned and renirallv local ed. 
■imwia WdUams ot 35H 3659 

BAHWCAM 1 bed IkH on 5in 
IIIHU. km rerep a 2nd bed. kn 
w /diver, rbirkinq as.ulaMe. 
L200 ps* Coddard A Smith Ol 
9 SO 7321 

CHISWICK. W4 hrmurulalr 2 
lied Ikil in esroiiem der order 
L>K* rerep. CH. wasli marti. 
£1J0 DW 727 9703 iTI 
OUCOKCMC SWT. Brand new 
riunersiun Lank- rarrptam. 2 
duunle hedrnurnv. 2 bauirnocnv 
t nlm lushed evepl lor rarpeta 
and rurtams Company/ Cm 
Ihisss lei OIIIV £29 O l*er work 
Iiirludinq C/H and C H W Mr 
J.unes Ot DWf lOJ'i tUaVl 
ratCHUV Mil. Nr Tube I Iqe 
bed. simrv rerep. Ml bath CH 
Newly firm. Mr Shaer 406 
59o&. after 7nm 445 7J5B 
HEMSWCTOM Newly der. luxurv 
udn llal. null couple £120 p w 
Hum Ol 606 6677 Cx 1206 
Itlasm Ol 602 73S9 itsnl. 
NVM LpernararHT flat. I bed, 2 
rerem. K A B Weeny cleaner. 
C1250W exrl Tet Ol 624 2909 
ixrnl 2 Bed Hal Good Recep Fit 
Kll A Bath. £3S>Spw BmhamA 
Reeses 938 3522 
2 beds. 1 recti, kAb. par kino, 
furniture all brand new Co lei. 
£190 PW Tel Ol 724 9312 
*37 Kll The number to remem 
Inn- when seeking besl rental 
nrooerlles m central and prime 
London areas £ 1 30. CB.OOOpw 
Wl*. Nr Tube Superb lawn line 
4 beds. 2 rinse.. 2 tuihrms. uiu 
rm. aarden. root lerr oarage 
£32apw Ol 370 5101 1T1. 
l nis emus' A Bril Museum Tel 
Helen Watson a Co. 580 6375 
CAMDEN, lge Onfall. phone nr 
jmnumm. C460W Others. 
Express Rentals 01 885 5457 
CHELSEA Large studio, superbly 
lumishM IhrauqfMUl £120 pw 
Trt 01 JM 0489. 

CHELSEA Immac tin ha Irony 
llal. light recep. dbtr bedJUl. 
porler. Long Ih u 22 5825 
CUWHAM L'nfum 2 Bedroom 
Hat CllOpw CD in Tel. 733 
7977 iTl 

CROYDON 3 berlrm house, gar 
den pjrkmq £120pw IK hers 
ffrnUf Gimp 01 t«i 7570. 
W erK 10 3 Months I ram £300 to 
£3 000 pw 01-937 0681 
HOUSES, Ibis, beOvii-. au areas, 
prices A swes For deuiks call 
express Rentals Ol 8B3 5457 

room rial. £195 pw Tri Dr 
Millar '08951 AS3S2 
UTTU VENICE W2. Luv 2 bed 
nun Hal Fii kn CH. Bakony 
£250 pw T P.M 440 2025- 
Hal tuny lurmshed £120 PW 
Ol 380 0567 Between 9.50m. 
AWj bedrm Mr nr Tube, gar- 
den C140PW. Express RrfllatV 

01 883 S4S7 

OWN ROOM with phone, no btlh. 
parlinq Nr amrames. £45pw. 
ninrrs Rrniai Gurdr ouo 7576 
RENTAL emu; Carry remah 
throughout south Lomop- De 
tails Ol 686 7576. 

SOUTH LONDON. Large flat, chil- 
dren weirome. £90pw Others 
Rental Guide- Ol bB6 7576 
ST JAMES’ PARK cheerful 2 bed. 

2 lulh. ro rial, roof ice £ZSO 
pw 01 586 <H|42 

W. LONDON 1 bed flat, waoMT- 
piMine. LlOSpw Olhers Ex 
press Rentals. 01 883 54157 
WflSITf PARK aritsTs unione 
uiuurii home, audio. 3 bed*, 
rum aaiierv. nan. nkina. £325 
pw 01 5Mo 9847 
Wl. 3rd floor t bed. rerrp. kAb 
CH.CHW Esc saluc C115pw 
9}0 9512 ITI 

vrz. 2 mm Hyde part 3 bed 2 
nalh maw. ootr rec. Wl. 
lerr £175 pw 737 9703 iTI 
WANTED: Profeswmal cuuplr 
-ex4 Line, well luriusned. 2 
leilmnm .ipanmenl. irum Sepl 
i-i O'mpanv M £200 pw 
fel Ol 0376743 
ABBEY ROADS Inierlnr designed. 
2/3 urn. luxury Hal. Inno or 
slmi I IH £250 p w. Tol Lrwn 
Ol 2Mo 5099/ 01-402 Ou» 
AMERICAN BANK urpenrii re 
ciiuiev luvuiv Hats and houses 
II mi £200 £1.000 pu Ring 

Dui'iev, Loaie Agents 58 1 5136 

|A Keith 
Bow Card ale 
Iv Groves 
Snedanter part tamshed toww- 
housB wttdi must be viewd 2 
Roccptians. IQL Libiiry Rm. 4 
□Mb Bedraoms. 2 Bdbnnms. 
Ckakragni. CocktBi/Kitdwratto 
Room. Wbw Cedar & Gotten. 

si mm won, nra 

Preoy «bH hxnstied la fioor 
(a set m sobaamtai Hock. Re- 
ception Rm. m, 2 Bods. Bam. 
£l35jm to hd feft. poftaage S 

E’ phone. 


•Be Bright - 

c;[X)K(;f: k\k;h ' r 

! In- la'iiin” Apent 

T55-I5T Knightsbrldgc 

Tel: 589 2133 

imenof desvwd maeoRBOo on 
Isr aw) 2nd noors. DouHe 
tKdrm. batti wdi shorn, recep.' 
i.f. U wdh afl mactaes. Leg 
ML £225pw 

Stumng RK on 1st floor Of p.b. 
Hock. 2 beds. bam. efts, recep. 


01-724 3100 

1 Mir-iLiif:- 


1 C 1 *724 OHO 

01-Sol <M5 1 

For the baa 
rental sd oc tr on of 



in prime London areas 
270 Earls Court Road. SWS. 

F.W. GAPP iManagemenl Ser 
iKni Lid rcxiuire proportm in 
Central. South and West Lon 
dm artstf tor wxiiim 
applmmls. 01 221 8838. 

MAYFAHL miertor designed 5 
beds. 5 lulhs. 2 recep*. Ameri- 
can kilrtlen. Fabulously 
lurmshed flai in preaige block 
Palace Properties: 486 892b 

S MMS CITY Exrepl tonal lux 
rial. 2 dbk- bed nm. 26* mge 
rilled kll all mortis O'knkmg 
quiet Green. Co M oret. £150 
pw Tef Mr Pollard 637 5388 

LONG .'SHORT LET properties 
Irom £100 Ci.000pw Personal 
Service. 01-458 3680 Or 0836- 
592824 anytime iTI. 

MAYFAIR. Wt Lux S/C flat. 2 
Bedrooms. Lge Recep. Fully 
equipped Shoct/lono lei. Fm 
C250PW Ol J93 7 830 (TL 

WANTED Superior properties for 
lOfM/Orari Co lets 01-4583680 
or 0830 592824 anytime (T! 

lux flal/boune: up to CBOOnw 
L oial l>-e-. req. PfillUp* Kay A 
Lewis. So id II Of Hie Park Chel- 
sea Ollier. 01 352 8111 or 
North of I be Park Regent's 
Park nfltee. 01 586 9882. 

lied lannly house In delBjMIul 
area Lge Recrp A Spar 
Kil/DUM-r. Root Terr. Balh A 
Miwr Rm Excel Value 
L275nw Benhara A Reeves 
a W 3522 


New Iv drr and beaublullv lur 
nrstMxl 2nd Hoar llal. 3 bedims, 
irrep. dining rm. ufimy rm. 
lulls fined ku. balh Co lei 
£250pu Healing and hoi wafer 
■nr Ol 244 7353. 

HENDON. NVM. Fully fura dHr 
rdartxl i rarpeted. brtgm. sun- 
ny 3 hedrm hse. ooe. aas CH. 
waOiuiq marhuie Dow lo lube. 

limes a Bn-nl X shopping Com- 
Nil' Lei pref £750 PCtn. TcL 
Ol 203 0109 iO-Sl 

■ tor lulenor 1 bed llal 
.imerH-.m avle kil and baihrm. 
sepeTide dirmtg area, palio. gdn 
Available immediately Co lei 
LI 2 Low 01 244 7553. 

icr lur* Drram A truly 

■ainipliMHrs ml designed i Bed 
palio llal in exrel DfiKW build 
um Mini be seen' £325pw neg. 
■Vwol Properties Ol 48b 5741 

NEVERN RO 5W5 A selection of 
audio 14 2 bedroom Dal* in 
■tew It refurbished Period ron- 
version Av Uiiatue now Long lei 
irum CllO pw 
II i-lni, ue. Ol 370 6781 

L.nge mnihi room Pmaie 
■ulhrai mi suile. L m- of kllchen 
06 pw mil Of 730 7533 or 
7K» 7569 

HARLEY HSE. ReaMils Park To 
l.iHv relurh inci new kh. 5 
Ik'd*. 3 Rrreps. 2 Balhs. Rent 
I.I.kSOnp.i FAF 499 9981. 
L ve- H 7Q 4703 «TI 

MODERN lurmshed. 2 
leslruonied Hal ill Surrey Does* 
■irr.i 1 inception lulls idled 

kilclien Ikilhronm A CCH £90 
pw IH Dr Hdl 0233 33331 

Wl Liixnrv furnished llal. aiall 
mimed. 2 beds. 2 reeprs 2 barbs, 
kll. GTH Long Co Ld £375 
PV* in. I Ol 247 4«08 lOi/ 907 
7444 .sir Andrew I 

AVAILABLE NOW Luxury Hals & 

I Kura— Chelsea Knighlsbndoe. 
Brtgras la £200 C2.QO0PW 
Tel. Burges* 581 5136. 

Cnnlarl Richard or MKk. Davis 
tongue A Co 402 7381 


llwd the rrefUlor* of the above- 
named rompanv. which is being 
woundup voiunurilv. are re 
uuneti on nr bciore me JOui day 
of kepemhet 1966. lo send their 
names, addresses and particulars 
of I heir rlamM lo Uie uudeesigard 
Nwef John Hamillon Smith of 
Latham Crtmlev A Davis kian 
hope House. WO Dniry Lane. 
London WC2B 55T. Uie Lutuula 
lor of l he company, or in default 
l hereof they *»iH he nrluded 
tram the benefit of any dtsinbu- 
lion made before such debts are 

Lkilrd in is sia day of July 19H6 

m arronunre tollh THE COPY 
TH3N RECL LATIONS 1 19571 1 
hrrebs announce my inlenuon of 
ediling and puMtOung a manu- 
senpt rtalrd 1764 I William Gdpm 
In i he Virioria and Albert Mine, 
inn. marked R.C-H 34. enUUrd 
"The Thames from Windsor ro 
London - and Illustrated ay 54 
pen and wash drawings by 
Saw-roy Gilpin I advertise unm 
the knowledge and consent ot Dr 
Pefer Benson, one of the Qlptn 
heirs, and mvile any cfalnunl 10 
ownership ol me copyright lo 
notify Prafi-rtar Moms R 
Burn netl. Department R English, 
l.iiiversilv of Nevada. Reno. Ne 
vaila 80*67 0031, LSft- 
ED hi Older ol I he High Court of 
jtisiire dated lain day of May 

l. George Albert Auger of 
Messrs b<ov Hayward. 8 Baker 
bireH. London wim 1DH. have 
been appouiled UOOIDATOR Of 
uw above-nained Company All 
debts and claims should be sent to 

Dated flm 1*1 day of August 1986 

Sweet revenge 
for MinstreUa 
in photo finish 


Frank The Bank 

From onr Irish Racing Correspondent, Dublin 

of the running until headed by 
MinstreUa 300 yards out 

English-trained youngsters 
filled four of the first five 
places at the Phoenix Parle 
yesterday in the IR£200,000 
Heinz “57~ Phoenix Stakes, 
the richest two-year-old race 
ever run in Europe. 

However, contrary to most 
expectations victory went to 
MinstreUa, who in a gripping 
finish held on by a short head 
from the 9-4 iavourile Forest 

This represented a reversal 
of the form in the Cherry 
Hinton Slakes at Newmarket 
in which Forest Fower had 
given 21b and a threequarters 
of a length beating to 

The winning jockey, John 
Reid, said “I came too soon to 
take the lead at Newmarket 
and once in front she was 
inclined to idle with me and 
this allowed Forest Fower to 
lake the race.” 

Doubtless there is some 
justification for this argument 
but it was surely a change in 
ground, rather than a change 
in tactics, which produced 
yesterday's result. Despite 
very limited rain in Dublin 
over the previous 48 hours the 
official going was still returned 
as yielding to soft and Forest 
FLower's trainer Ian Balding 
expressed the opinion that 
"this blunted the speed of my 

Even so. Forest Fower, a 
diminutive sort, rallied splen- 
didly well under the pressure 
of Pat Eddery and would have 
got up in another stride. 

The only Irish-trained con- 
tender to reach the first five 
was Polonia. who made most 

From that point she lacked the 
final turn of speed and 
dropped back to be a length off 
Forest Fower. Her trainer Jim 
Bolger said afierwards: u ’I am 
delighted with the way she ran 
and only wish that this race 
bad been run at the Curragh." 

Bolger will get a chance to 
put this theory to the test as 
Charles Nelson said “I intend 
to bring MinstreUa back to 
Ireland for the Ii£l 00,000 
Moy^Iare Stud Stakes.” That 
race is likewise the next target 
for Polonia. 

Big race details 

2, Forest Rower (Pat Eddery, 9-4 lav); 3. 
Potoala (0 GAespte, 5-2L ALSO RAN: 5 
Hawless Imago (6th), 12 Oomaton Roy- 
als. Wiaanthofpa(4thL is Sizzling Melody 
(5th). £ Snow Hncn, 100 Advemwtae. 
Singing StsvaiL 10 wi. sMid. ILIMI.hd. 
35410 Nelson at Lamboan. Tote: £7.70; 
£1S0. £1.40. £1.70. 1TTH1 13£&8C. 

In the previous race yes- 
terday there was another En- 
glish photo-finish viclory-with 
North Verdict holding on by a 
neck from Spending Contin- 
ues and Gorgeous Strike in a 
finish of necks to the 
Ir£I2,0G0 added Shan bally 
House Stud Stakes. - North 
Verdict had been fourth in the 
Italian Derby lo Tommy Way 
and has been running well 
under big weights in handi- 
caps. For his trainer Michael 
Jarvis this represented a first 
win in Ireland after many 
years of trying. He reminded 
me that as long ago as 1970 he 
had saddled Meadowville to 
finish second to Nijinsky in 
the Irish Sweeps Deity. 

to open account 

By Mandarin 

Radial, who beat sole rival. It’s Now Or Never, at Ungfield’s 
night meeting on Saturday to give Stove Cauthen his third 
winner of the day, die American rider having collected a dou- 
ble at Newmarket with Laluche and Power Bender. 

Laluche looks top class 

Lalaefee, tacked from 5-4 to 
13-8 on, led from start to finish 
in the Sweet Solera Stakes at 
Newmarket on Saturday, to give 
Henry Cecfl his fifth saccess in 
this race. 

Ladbrokes immediately of- 
fered the fffly at 33-1 for next 
year’s UMO Gnineas, but Cedi 
is not thinking so far ahead at 
the moment. He said “she's a 
good tittle filly and wo aid have 
been much better salted sitting 
in behind instead of mairmp dm 
running bat they went no gallop.. 

She will get « mile bat I still 
want to see her improve. She's in 
all the races tike the Hoover 
Fillies Mile." 

Walter Swinbarn, 
two Mack eyes after a horse 
threw back its head and hit him 
in the face on the gallops, once 
again demonstrated fenltiess 
judgement when producing five 
Farthings entering the Bn»l 
fariong to overwhelm Twice 
Bold and Witchcraft in the Air 
New Zealand Handicap. 

The lady amatenr riders tri- 
umphed over the male pro- 
fessionals when Brooke 
Sanders, riding Dctryar, landed 
the Dkkins Invitation Stakes. 
The Stan MeUor-trained horse, 
a 13-2 chance, beat Brent Thom- 
son, on Mr Jay-Zee, by one and 
a half lengths. 

John Sutcliffe, that astute 
Eusom trainer, has been eryoy- 
ma a profitable campaign, 
particularly with his three- year- 
bid gelding Aventino. who «tr- 
lier m the season collected five 
races in a row for him. 

Sutcliffe must have htgn 
hopes that one of his younger 
brigade. Frank The Bank, will 
record his first success, in the 
ffuifl Acre Maiden Stakes at 
Windsor this afternoon. 

Frank The Bank, a well-grown 
son of Full Extent, caught the 
eye on his first racecourse 
appearance, also at Windsor, 
when he made good late head; 
way to take fourth place behind 
Jovick last month. 

Sixth in that event, three and 
a half lengths behind my selec- 
tion was Skybolt. who reopposes 
Loday. However, But 
0’Gorman‘s youmpter has since 
been beaten into fourth place in 
a Yarmouth auction stakes, and 
appears not to have the scope of 
prank The Bank, who is napped 
to open his account. 

Also at the Berkshire course 
there is an interesting contest 
between two course winners, 
Nilambar and Boon Point in the 
Skypon Stakes. 

The Aga Khan's Nilambar. 
after two Windsor victories, was 
allowed to take his place in 
Goodwood's competitive Exiel 
Handicap, and he ran really 
well, leading two furlongs out 
before lading into fourth place 
behind the eventual winner. 

However, that effort may 
have left its mark and slight 
preference is for the Arundel 
trained Boon Point who showed 
much-improved form when 
comfortably accounting for Red 
Shoes over the course and 
distance earlier this month. 

Dunlop and Pat Eddery 
should also collect the Juniors 
Nursery with Strath Wane, who 
before her Salisbury outing be- 
hind Grey Wolf Tiger, had 
shown the utmost gameness to 
bead Lingering at Brighton. 

Gary Carter looks the jockey 
to follow at Newcastle where 

this competent apprentice can 
claim a double on Get On 
Gerashty (235) and Catherines 
Well (3.45). 

Geoff Huffer’s Get On 
Geroghiy. who runs in die ' 
Wansbcck Auction Stakes, . 
landed the odds in effortless 
style to gain his first victory m a , 
similar event over (he. course 
and distance last month, and he 
is likely to be at short odds again * 
to complete a double. 

Mick Easterby. the Flaxton 
trainer, has recognised the value 
of Carter's 3Ib-aJlowance, book- . 
ing him for his well-handi- - 
capped filly Catherines Well in 
the feature race of the day, the - 
Northumberland Sprint 

A smart two-year-old, Cath- . 
trines Well has been running ’ 
consistently all season without ' 

Asmussen banned 

Cash Asmussen, the French 
champion jockey, received a 
four-day suspension at Deau- 
ville yesterday. Asmussen’s bon 
starts next Tuesday which 
means the American jockey win 
miss the ride on Last Tycoon in 
the William Hill Sprint 
C hampionship at York. ' 

winning. An indication of this 
was her latest effort when 
carrying 9st 61b she finished a 
close-up third behind. Sew High 
at Pontefract. Today she has two 
stone less on her back. 

Her main rivals today could 
be the speedy Hallgate and the 
Alan Jarvis-trained Lochonica, 
who showed signs of a return to 
his best form at Gosforth Park 
last month when be was third 
behind Pasticcio. 

Ameghino was strongly fan- 
cied for last month's Stewards* 
Cup at Goodwood, but did not 
get the best of runs in that 
cavalry charge, finishing 14th 
behind Green Ruby. However, 
this talented sprinter has a fine 
opportunity to recoup the losses 
in tonight’s Nottingham 
Stewards' Cup. at the expense of 
Powder Blue and Roysia Boy. 


Going: good 

Draw; no advantage 

Z35 WANSBECK AUCTION STAKES (2-Y-O; £1 A26: 6f) (8 runners) 

1 0 SHANNON LADY (Lady T StnrKKJpe) Jmray Rtzgerakl 8-8 R Brown 3 

2 30 WICHITA SPRINGS (A Budgo) Jromy RzmraldW AHbrotG 

3 21 ffiT ON GBtAGHTY (C-D)(M F GeraifwG HuSw 8-5 GCartaf P)4 

4 30 JOINT SERVICES (D Bowen) p Rohan t£z SHontal 

6 0 FBENCHGATE (Hnpoettw u flacufl) M H Entertw 7-13 JUmm7 

8 a PROSPECT PLACtf(Mr5 C Geragnty) Mbs S Hail 7-13 W Carson 2 

9 0224 STELBYfV Sasaa) 0 Breman 7-13 — 5 

12 0 EUSLEVS ftJGHTS (V J grnstoy UA) T Fmrtvat 7-10 JCWtagtaR<7}S 

4-6 Get On Geraghty. 7-2 Prospect Place. 6-1 Joint Sanrica. 8-1 VMcfate Springs. 
12-1 Stelby. 14-1 omers. 

Selection: GET 

Newcastle selections 

By Mandarin 

135 Get On Geraghty. 3. 10 Capricorn Blue. 3.45 Catherines WdL 
4.15 Dhaleem. 4.45 Double ChaL 5.15 Reform Princess. 

By Otur Newmarket Correspondent 
135 Get On Geraghty. 3.45 Quinta Reef 4.1S HenaadL 5.15 
Reform Princess. 

By Michael Seely 
3.45 Sundeed. 4.15 DHALEEM (nap). • 

3.10 PRUDHOE SELLING STAKES (3-Y-O: £1 ,263: 1m IQ (9) 

|P Rohan 6-1 3 Jt 

3 001000 HAHEMLL 

4 000010 JELDAIHE 

5 002100 LARNEll 

6 0-02424 CAPRICORN BUS 

7 400000 GALAXY GALA [H 

9 0000 PATRICK'S STAR i 

11 002420 RUPERT BROOKE 


13 os-ana Tanya's 

P Rolun 8-13. 

Jbimjr Rtzgerald 8-11 . 

8 - 11 . 

Irs B Botand) Jhrniy nzgateU 8-11. 

I Man) J KatOBwen 8-11 

1 Britain) MBrtaain 88. 


W Canon 3 

— AHarnyB 

S Wsbstar7 

K DartayS 

.N Common 9 

t (J Dauderman) J W Watts 88 

11-4 Capricorn Bin, 100-30 Stanford Robb. 82 Galaxy Gala. 6-1 JakWre. 8-1 
Tanya's Pnncoss. 10-1 Rupert Brooks, 12-1 Lamam, 16-1 omt. 

FORM: JELDAIRE (8-7} 8th beaten 71 to Sporting Sovereign (8-13) 14 ran. Ayr 7f h'cap 
finri Jufy2l. EaritarJELOAWE (845) won a froni MttsToriee(B-l1) 12 ran. Haydock n 

sbI stks good to soft May 23UUUBM (8-4) Sth beaten SMoGirdto Ness 98) 13 ran. 

Redcarlmw aha good Aug S. CAPRICORN BLUE (B-H 4th bea ten 3ttl to Brtlion-sMp 

(8-6110 nan. Pontetraa ImactaawngetKegood to HimAuB6.RUPtHI BROOKE (8-9) 

5th beaten 17*1 to Oorade^-O) 16 ran. Newcastle 71_sa# n’cap good to Am July i 


IkmMf 19. 

S e tecliwr JELOAWE 

I beaten it to UUtNEH (7-4)9 ran. Ayr 71 sal attegoodto 

£5.960: 6f) (9) 

S M 9-7 W Canon 9 

1-30418 HALLGATE! 

11888 StMOGEDM 

000083 LOCHOMCA ID)(Mis M Janis) A JanrisB-13 
013230 DARKPROM^taroftrajjateMte^ra 

0-T2002 QUOTA REEF ■ 

080300 V)LTASH(JM^H)J 
1-03033 CATHBIOES^Hto 

(K Rschar) R HoBnahaad 86- 
• H Lee) M J 

M Wood 7 

Racing) M W Easterby 7-9 

G Carter (3) 4 

304080 SECURITY PACIFIC (B) (A DufEaM) G Cahnrt 7-7 SPGrtfSBtal 

322-400 DEBBC 00 (D) (N Roowson) C Thornton 7-7 J Lowe 2 

11-10 HaHgate. 4-1 Quinta, 6-1 VHash. 8-1 Doxk Promfeo, 12-1 Lochonica. 
Catherines Wefi. 14-1 others. 

FORM: HALLGATE (88) 9th beaten 91 to Last Tyotxxt fB-S) 14 ran. Ascol a sOos firm 
June 20. LOCHONICA p-7) 3r d beate n 2WI » PasOcdo (8-1 1)8 ran. Newrastte7t hVao 
m July 28. QtJmTA RBF (8-10) 2nd beaten Kl to Marram (7-8) wth DAm 

(8-12) 7th beaten 5KL10 ran. Newmarket eth’cap good Aug l.VtLTA8H(9-Z| 

7th beaten BlM to tnsh Passage (8-1) 9 ran. IWrak 7f tTca ^ goodjo arrn Au^2. 

CATHRINES WELL (94) 3rd beaten B to Saw Hqh (84) 10 ran. 1 
Jute 22. 

Sele c t ion : HALLGATE 

4.15 GREENHEAD MAIDEN STAKES (£1302: 1m) (18) 

008 BIRCHfiROVE LAD (SOtoroydtGOttoyd 58-4 

000000- COIBWTIiBIT (Mrs CWngtaWHai^) 48-4 

00/0 DRUSHARRA (G Gtedstona) P Wigham t 
1 (J Hanson) J Hanson *-9-^ 


8 TIMSQLO (THanswo 

9 000 - TOGOALE (MtS M Taj 

0 003 TURWaiBACK J 


4 HBUAD1 (UMctoa 

7 0030-32 PREJUH 

9-4 Dhale e m. 3-1 
’em Back Jack, 14-1 

. O Brown 3 

Connrtoft 6 

IC0 15 
J H Brown (5) 10 


II Roborta T7 

)J Dunlap 888 JLonel 

r 3-8-8 Gay Kia Ba w e y CT 14 

,3« CSrahgg 

BtertwSW. - MHMteyfQII 

IPWftABaiflyWW 4 

craft 5 
— 12 
N Day 2 

i Conduct 90 Rhart 8-1 Ptejudfce, 8-1 HenaadL KM 1)011 
, 16-1 QOters. 

(8-7) 6 ran. York 1m 2f stka span to ftm June 14. TURN TEH BACK JACK. 
Hamfton lm otks ftm July aTpREJiNUCE (9-q 2nd baatan Kl to Ljeani 
Ttnrsk 1m tVrap frin Juno 17. 

Sdedtoic DOOQBSER 

4.45 MORPETH HANDICAP (£2^86: 70 (11) 

IT Craig 4-9-7- 

)(R Stephenson) W A Stephenson 484! _ V 

.. 1 5 ran. 
1-7) 12 ran. 

088000 KtNGTS BADGE 

5 140030 JOVEWORTH_ .. 
12 480010 KING COLE (B), 

14 408000 HDOLYEYETYE(W 

15 040340 MAfQLUANA ' 

17 040021 ROSSETTCO) 

18 000800 CROWN IT fC 

19 000300 SKB.T0N(D)l 
21 408340 GLORJANT(M 

E Guest) 

I Vickers 5-7-13. 

Incite) E Incite 4-7-12— 

1 T Crate 7-7-11 (fie*). 

Turned MW 1 

litttei) M Bnttan 3-7-1 



G Carter (3) Tl 

R Lines (3) I 

J Laura 9 

A Proud 1 

4-1 Double Choi. 82 Joveworth, 5-1 King Cote, 8-1 Bela Sanus, B-i Skelton, 
Rossea. 10-1 GtonanL 12-1 Mrotana, 14-1 rfnors. _ 

>11)9to baatenggor 8Ki toT^Tap^1)16f»i Domagter lm 

_ 80) 5tfi beacon Z ID MonimAy ( 7-1^ with DOUBLE 

i a. 14 ran. AjrTl heap qooa 10 firm JUy ROS8ETT(7- 1 1 ) * | Qn 
7-12) With WMOCOLEra^)eth beaten 71.9 ran AyrTf hcapjgpqd 
81 7m beaten oserlStDAlBaartaama (9-0)11 ran. Cattsrtek 71 

5.15ELSDON HANDICAP (E2.197: 2m) (8) 

1 108404 TOESSDER (C-D) (ttppodromo Ractecl M W Eastrtby *-9-10 G Carter (3) S 

3 0 41300/ BROKEN SEAL (M Wto) MBrtWte?80 K0tetey4 

4 lOOfi SOtMDOFFUSiONF PVn*«oi»} R Wteakar 441-11 DMcKeoen7 



003410 RRUIIIHiBi 

t W«t»3W(4a*J NCoanortonff 

l MRy*M-7(4g{ iSiittoi 

12 400ft3(t WALTBt THE GREAT 00 (Mas A Nappes) M H EasWby 48-2 — M Bbch 2 

13 004004 MGHAM GREY (B) ran OTroman) D W tSflpnon 10*2 S Webster 8 

14 lOOQOo/ CAVAL»»WBnE(C^(RBaaid8wofltOPlM^iwifl44) — J Lime 3 
_ 5-2 Jurisprudence, 3-1 Ratorm Princess. 4-1 TrMkkter.S-l WMterTheQraat,8-l 
Sound EWhfiwn, 10-1 HighMn Gray. 12-1 others. 

) 4 ran Ayr 1 m 51 b'ero 

sto 0-7) wtth HIGHAM 

.... odto Arm July 31. RE- 

PORMFrnceXS (S40 won 3) from Ova Encore (98) 3 ran. Noategham lm 0 h'cap 
I to Qttti July 28. 



Saunter for 

Singletta. ridden by Walter 
Swinburn. made all for a very 
easy nine and a half length 
success over Noretia and 
Comprida in the group three 
Hcrbslsiuten-Preis um den 
GatzweiJm Alz-Pokn) over tea 
and a half furlongs at Neuss 

Rakaposbi King (Steve 
Cauthen) also tried to make ail 
in the group two Prix Kergoriay 
at Deauville, but he was headed 
by the comfortable four length 
winner. King Luthier, just over 
a furlong out and faded into 
fourth. Family Friend (Willie 
Carson) was a disappointing 

Robert Williams had a day of 
mixed luck at Ostende. 
Chaumiere was beaten two 
heads under top weight in the 
Prix du President et de Mme 
Max Dugniolle with Philip 
Mitchefft Kala Nashan in sixth, 
but the two-year-old My Buddy 
literally romped away under 
Tony Ives with the Prix Mona 
by 20 lengths. 




1- 30 1. MacfoHan (11-1); 2, Abie Saint 
<33-1): 3. Tauber (12-1). Russian Rover fl- 
it lav. 10 ran. 

ZO 1. Latoctra (8-13 teyk 2. Montfort 
(11-21; 3. Color Artist (7-1). 8 ran. 

2J0 1. Rv* Fafftlngs (4-1): & Twrtca 
Etold(4-lj; 3. Wjtchcrah (14-1). Cox Groan 

2- 1 rev. 7 ran. 

38 1. MfyarfTS-Z]; Z Mr Jay-Zee (6-1h 
a Hato Gypsy (8-1). Warplane 8-1 lav. 10 

as 1. PMoaophicai (5-1): 2, Deputy 
Tim 04-1); a Graiidangua (14-1). Tropteo 
11-4 (av. 18 ran. 

48 1. Noiptfa (33-iL- 2. Ambassador 
(15-2): 3. Miter's Dust (8-1 1 lay). 7 ran. 

4351. Power M a rater (2-11: 1 Celestial 
Storm (4-6 bnt 3. Gundreda (20-1). 5 ran. 


2-15 1. Below Zero (2-1 lav): 2. Travel 
Mage (8-1J^3 Ortnre (9-4). 6 ran. 

WBMI Touch 


ill 1-4 lav). 9 ran. 
. HamfcSrer (82); 

Agam (9-4): 3, Conquanng Hera (6-1). 
Ouevis SoUfor 15-6 tav. 6 ran. 

3-15 1. SuSy'e Choice (7-11; 2. Laune 
Utrman (6-1h 3. Ctanwrw(11-4t 
3.45 1. Enbair (7-2); 2. 

3. Osnc (3-1 (av). 8 ran. 

4.14 1. Great Aspect (48 tavt 2. Irish 
Brigadier (7-2); 3, Highland Bade (8-1). 6 

4.45 1. Ex oapOo n tt Beauty (5-ih 2, 
Crowley (16-1); 3. Cornelian (5-1). Ynooxa 
2>i (av. tl ran. 

Red car 

ZO 1, 

00-11: a 

Eyes 4-1 fav. 

(6-1); 2. Eurocon 
MeryB (7-1 j. Rustic 

tele (5-1): z wood- 

Norton Melody (4-1). 8 

ran. NR: Atakashaefc. 

38 1, 

pi-4 fav): 2. Gay's 

Ruttsr (4-1); a Seawstjy Lses (7-1). 8 ran. 

3M 1 . Warm Wetcome CIO-1): 2. Heft> 
Benz (8-1): 3, Lyphtew (5-1). Samanpour 
11-4 fav. 8 ran. 

44M . Bannerol (84): a Benarasa 1 

tav. Bran. 


a Mas 

4.30 1. Brageln Pack (5-1 L 
Sertoy (20-1): a God s lata (4-1). Sarxfiuon 
Paiacc 6-4 igv. 9 ran. 


5J01. Gteensamd (12-1): 2. our Nathalie 
(2-T fav); a Napaitete <11-2*. 12 ran. 

Z0 1 . Percy’s Lass (11-10 fav): 2. hBgh 
Cltrrtoar (20-11:3, RtexKlaltng (6-1). i2ran. 

835 1. Hard Act (10-1); a Lord Coftrra 
n-ifclQMiB HejoWs (2S-i). state Saltet 
6-4 tav. 10 ran. NR: LMtfnq Rote. 

8501, SresdyEddte (&-T); 2. Highland 
Image (8-1 ): 3. Comodemal (2-1 13 


730 1. Spinnaker Lady {7-2V 2 Geor- 
an Rom (S-2); a ttoStoppmgg-4 jtfavi 
Sent Express 9-* jLlfcv. 5 raa NR- 

L Ft n te du Palais. 

7.50 1. Kedtel (1-3 lev); 2. If s Now or 
Neve/ 15-0.2 Ran. NR: 

8301. Narcissus (1 



w yw J7-f>k 2. SoStahe (7-1): a 
Top Gold (9-1). 13 ran. 

830 1. Dance the Sum (12-Ifca Cette 

(22-1 1- Aiwd 

Newcastle 1 1 -10 fav. 9 ran. 

IO 1. Windbound Lata (9-4): a 
WosMbrauj |1&-1): a Brant Rhierstda (20- 
1). Artistic Champion 1O-11 tav. 13 ran. 

730 1. Kamatak (2-1 fav); z Turkana 
no-Ik a Oryx Major (5-2). 9 ran. NR: LOr 

8.0 1. OrotiM (3-lt Z Taiqogan's Best 
P-lt 3. Saitor Mas . WMCoveced 
T58 fav 9 ran. NR- In the Breeze. 

830 1. TmiraE-1 j iM & Argesfrt 
it-lav): 3. Scatterbuck (2-1 jt**). 17 ran. 
NR: The Bentnck. 


Going: good to firm 

Draw: 5f-6f, high numbers best 

HANDICAP (B-Y-O: £844: 6f) (15 runners) 

2 1200 GERSHWM(D)DCrDonnell87 RTeegoe9 

3 0030 JACOUI JOY (BIK Ivory 9-5 GMash7 

4 0000 WUNNG FORMAT? Mtfon GLaedwl 

5 0000 P ADDINGTON BELLE mBSwvens 9-5 SWMtaiara (3) 3 

6 800 SUNK ISLAND M Btansnara 85 LRtagiolO 

' 9 408 SEA SHANTY mwWtenman 9-1. AndmHaoto (3)4 

10 0000 PERSIAN BAZAAR P Mnchel 81 — 8 

11 0004 ABSOLUTELY BOfKBtS R Smyiy M — P Johnson 11 

12 00*8 MESS VENEZUELA (80 C Horgan9-0_ P Stattoe (3) 13 

13 8000 PRIVATE SUE C Austin 8-13 W Hayes S 

14 0000 SOMEWAY J Hob B-12 Ananda Mid (3) 1 

18 0000 GAVWOOOGWLMTrenpNnsflfl B Cook 15 

17 0004 BA0jB)JCCBgravftB6 JSc*fly2 

19 000- MGHTOFTHECOMETMqs AK aig84. MTbMetttt 

20 000- FOLLY AGAM R Frost 84 D Meed 14 

11-4 Jacqui Joy. 7-2 Bio. 4-1 Qonimte. 11-2 Absohitaiy 

Bonkers, 7-1 Persian Bazaar. 18-1 Mss Van miate. 12-1 Sea 
Shanty, Gaywood Gat, 16-1 others. 

Windsor selections 

By Mandarin 

230 Gershwin. 3.0 FRANK THE BANK (nap). 
330 Strathblane. 4.0 Canadian Star. 430 Boon 
Point. 5.0 Up To Unde. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
230 Gaywood 'Girl. 3.0 SkybolL 330 
Timeswitch. 4.0 Canadian Star. 430 Prince Orac. 
5.0 Sweet Alexandra. . 

Michael Seely's selection: 3.330 

£959:31) (11) 

11 0040 MB HUM BLES (B) G Battng 80. 
17 1030 SETTS! COUNTRY T ' 

W Newness 

'R Hodges 7-7 — NOM-RUNNBtt 
55 JuvwnaadaHnquenL 11-4StrathWane. 5-1 Ludanaga. 8- 
1 runesmteh. 8-1 Spanish Shy. 1M Gotemma. U-i others. 


(£2,687: 1m 70yd) (11) 

1 9300 P0RTOG0NM usher 89-10 DMefcayS 

2 -400 WMDSOR KNOT P WMwyn 4-8-10 PlM Eddery 10 

5 0-00 AVEC C0GUR (USA) A BMW 4-8-6 Mteatl 

6 0000 BUNDABURGMMoGourt842 9 Wenftlta 2 

8 2143 F£l LDONG (C-0) E Bdfel 5-8-13 AMacfcayS 

9 0240 FAST SBTVICE d Horgan 7-8-13 P C00M 

10 0241 CANADIAN STAR (H MJsrvts 3-87 TLuceal 

12 0020 «W CENTRAL (Hfc M Stanehart 4-84 WMawMwTf 

13 0021 COUNT KRTRIUHIWHoldBn 5-8-1 — RMareep)7 

14 822 HIT THE HEIGHTS (Bn M Pipe 5-7-13 TlWeaeei 

’ SindM 57-7 

16 0000 AiQABA PRINCE P I 

N Altana 4 

STM MLAMBAfl (C-O) ff Jorirwon HottgWon S-3 5 Ce etoro > 

3001 BOON PoAnf&OH J Dtrtop 9-6 Pat Eddery 1 

080 NO BOLDER R Hannon 80 RWamlMa3 

C BrNtaln 9-0- 
8 - 11 . 

R WeeverS 
: B Rouse 7 
R Quest 2 

94 Canadian Star. 4-1 Fai Loong. 5-1 Count Baroand. 6-1 
Windsor Knot 7-1 Fast Service. 8-1 Count Bertrand. 10-1 HR 
The Heights. 14-1 others. 

430 SKYP0RT STAKES (3-Y-O: £959: 1m 2f 22yd) 





10 30 PRWCE0RAC 
-11 00 CLEAVAGE G I 

13 4 PYJAMA PARTY J Dunlop 8-11 

14 04 RETURN TO TARA DMurray-SrtOi 8-11 

15 0000 ROCKHOLD PRINCESS C NWWantS 8- 11 _ 

16 0 SHARP R^WMgbanan 8-11 J 

4-5 NKambar. 74 soon Point, 92 Prlnoa Orac. 29-1 Pypnre 

Party, 25-1 othars. 

53 SENIORS HANDICAP (£ 1323: lm 3f 150yd) 


4 law B-POWTEVECCtbO (O D iMorraySmUh 88-7 _ ^ 

7 0000 TDUCHEZ LE BOB M Torapldns58-3~ M R ea m er IS 

8 280 RUSTUNG D Aibutmol 4-8-3 PM B Mayi 

9 1002 UP TO UNCLE (CDNBRR Hannan 894 AHcQoael 

10 004- LOMQREJ Dunlop 4-82 B Rosea 5 

11 non KUWAIT MOON JFrancoiM 4-92 R Codeine 14 

12 8100 PTTKAITHLY(qj Jenkins 4-9-1 JWMamel 

758410 ISOM DAHTJUSAJ T Haliatl 7-8-13 ACtarkll 


168000 GOD'S I 


P Cook 2 

2 0300 BCSDEB0UL0GW 




ULOGNEfUSA) L Pfggptt 9Q 

EQ9 Dinara 9-0 NC 

BANK (USA) J Suaflfle 


11 . 

14 0483 EBONY PRBE PK MSchOl 811 

16 KEPT WAITING W MuSSOn 8-11 — 

22 REGAL RHYTtWW Whitman 811. 

23 04 SKYBOLT WCrGonan 811 


25 UPDATE GAL DLaing 811 

80. S Cauthen 4 
Pta Eddery S 
. I Jobesl>n2 
_ H Adana 1 


, JtAns5 



1 18 

18 4403 SOCKS Iff* R Johnson Houston 881 1 D Keel (7) 10 

19 0000 RILL SPEED AHEAD R Stiffly 3-81 PM Eddery 13 

20 -000 CAPUETfne James 881 R Fro If 

21 431 SWEET AIEXAfilRA(nj~ 

23 -MO HALLOWED J Bosley 47-13 

- 25 038 HOMEWARD Mis N Sratet 87-12 

26 080 MOSSAULGlhomar 3-7-7 

81 Sweat Alexandra. 81 Up To Unde. 11-2 Kuwait Moon, 
7-1 Isom Dart. 81 Ful Spaed Ahead, 181 Pitkatthty, 181 
Lismore, 14*1 Socks Up. 181 others. 

Shaw 3-81 _ A Madmytt 


C Rutter (^1 

81 Frank The Bank, 7-2 Skybolt, 81 Bats De BoUtoa n e. 8 
1 Ahrays A Lady. 81 Bmny Pride, 181 Tlszta Sharok, 181 
Shannon River, 281 others. 

£1,590: 61) (9) 

1 2010 LUC1ANAGAI 

2 1400 CUUVCSVQl 

3 10 STRATiauUElDkBnJ Dunlop 80. 

5 1 GOLD0RHAWG Turner 86. 

6 0100 SPANISH SKY N Vtaora 86 

7 12 JUVBULEOSJNOlifcNT A Bafley 8-3 _ P Blooeteekl 4 
10 200 TIMESWITCH (USA) W O'Gorman 81 — M L Tboraas 7 

( P WSheyn 9-7, . . 
“1 ft Hamon 9-6. 

• At Haydock Park, Willie Carson tad 
anything tat an easy passage oa Wassl Tonch in 
die Bartannood Brewery Sanmer Trophy, tat Us 
patience was rewarded when be was aide ta 
produce the 6-1 shot to snatch victory hy a neck 
from Then Again. 

• First-season trainer Richard Starr, who has 
a string of jast seven horses, upstaged his more 
iUostrions Newmarket rivals when he saddled 11- 
1 chance Macroblan to talro the Sajooone and 
Speed K aiamc a Maiden Stakes- 


to firm 

Draw: 5f-6f, htgfi numbers best 

HANDICAP (3-Y-O: 1m 50yd) (16 runners) 

2 0220 HAMLOUL (BF) K Bailey 87 RMsI 

3 0043 COUNTRY GENTLEMAN (B) (W) J OurJcp 87 

4 0003 LX9HTNMG WIND MUshor87 * 

5 1014 SOLO STYLE (OO) G Lawns 87 

7 0030 JDVEWDRTH JGkwB-6 NON R UNM 01 7 

l SS t 0 *™* 

AC — I— (7)11 

10 0030 IORATAHE VENTURE R Akehurst 941 , SWWm—i 12 
12 -400 BARRACUDA BAY PMakin 83 TO— ml 

9 0200 TOBB1«ORYBOV(q(C^nwMafeer889 

11 0003 ROYSIA BOY JC-D) R WfiitakOr 882____ GUhS| 

I a nnbsx^!=!nBg 

. Powdw Blue. 81 AmegNna 11-2 

i8i S «iwrs. ROySte “ y ‘ 8-1 Tob * nnof >' tan- 10-nSra Sawte. 

FILLIES STAKES (2-Y-O: £1,855: 6f) (19) 

3 00 COROFW LASS CTinldar 811 G DoOWUll 

. M 

13 080 RED M TIE HORNING S Christian 9-3_ B Crorotay 14 

15 0042 ANNABELLMA G Wragg 8l PRaUnan4 

19 000 M)SSKDU(USA)AN%812- AShoaBk(5)10 

21 -000 KITTY CLM£ P Wtawyn 8l0 : N Hoot 6 

22 3324 SPECIAL GUEST D Mortm B-10 G8tatkcy2 

33 0032 SHAfWN^ROMLERWAw.orM K BtadUtaw (H10 
36 0400 MASTER MUSC M BnOBM 7-13 Alftinro(7)5 

81 Solo SMa 7-2 HamtouL 82 Supreme Kingdom. 81 
Annsbettna. 11-2 Country Genttemaa 81 Mlratafere Ventura, 
181 Banracuda Bay. 18T ottnra. 

ftfrrt):2 > CaawD(8l 
M (381V 7 ran. 

Blinkered first time 

NEWCASTLE: 845 Security Patiho. 4,45 
King cola. 

NOTTINGHAM: 545 Country Gonlteenan. 
7.i5QuanyvlSa. Tobermory Boy. 745 The 

MurMbs. 4D CanKton star. &0 Caputet. 


Nottingham selections 

By Mandarin 

5.45 Country Gentleman. 6.15 Angies Video. 
6-45 E Conquistador. 7.1 5 Ameghino. 

7.45 Irenic. 8. 1 5 Dutch Anction- 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

5.45 Annabellina- 6-15 Patchouli’s Pet 7,15 
Roysia Boy. 7.45 Irenic. S.1S Dutch Auction. • 

STAKES (£806: 1m 2f) (6) 

2 2032 ANGES VIDEO R Holder 490 JR— 13 

4 000 REBECCA'S FETG Herman *90 — HCWWOWEfi * 

9 00 COLE BAY MisN Macautey 887 

10 800 RUN CHARUE F Yradtey S-8-7.'— 1 Johroon 5 

14 0940 L’ETOILE DU FAUUSBSlnmB 394 —2 

15 -900 PATCHOUUS PET P Keleway 3-84 W CarsonS 

82 Patchouli's Pot, 11-4 Angles VUeo. 4*1 LEtoBa Du 

pateis. 81 Run Charfie, 181 Rtexcca's Pst. 14-T Cola Bay. 


STAKES (3-Y-O: 2m) (7) 

4 000 C0WBSHPWCEW Wfanon9-0 NCtafi— i2 

7 am aXWtMS7ADOHGmw)0(}M GStaftMyfi 

9 GKGBttAHDJ Dunlop M G Btatarl 

13 89 SWTOWHCltenqnS-O^. J Raid 7 

14 20 SOLOMON LAD R HcWer 98 GDuMaMG 

15 0000 STAR SHINS! (USA) G La— S 9*0 PW— tom 3 

30 -340 PRELUDE W Hem 811 W Canoe* 

84 a Conqutstedor, 7-2 Pt— Ida, 13-2 Soioman Lad, 7-1 
a^eriand. laTarDowft Stef SWnar, 181 CortWfl Lad. 


5 OW FOWOERBWEPhtak h+87 T Oaten S 

6 3300 AMEGHBM©MMcWu|t884.-j WNawnnTi 

- (B) K Botesey 88-3— _ SM—mriklO ; 




















OAHAB B Hantwy 811 

S ™ htwg beu£ , k Brassay 8ii . 
00 ™tt Y 9«jEMraCReava)r811_ 

FREE SKB* p Felgata 8ii„ 

HAYGATE PAJ*M Ryan 81 1 

B U®8C M Jaws 811 



SWMworth I 


_ IJoteHMl 


P H aM o— ff 


M Wood 5 
G Baxter 3 

■ — H 

B Cro ro tay* 
KQarioy t3 


BEaffaa g^ 1 * 

8 ZZsw* 

o TTS LONOOM^WY (B) l Matthews 81 1 GPkAtalB 

illniwM iflftmiu.A .. j.. _ .. ■< 



- - — — |Ojli rwaunewao-n GPtaktalfl 

pnnti/ S; M Rgtiuno 68*8.5-1 

K.wPSSSa? - 8KnA Tater - 1W S* 18 A*. 1 * 

ft 1 w!^fi E ^ RLER ^ mmSEBYHANWCAP^ 

1 3314 offisss^giag^s 7 — psssi 

4 tw BCXLE^ 


Today’s course specialists 


-■ ■UfcVss js Asm." " 



Stow, 131mm 

.-In'- 1 - •’ 


% CCI 




: \ * 
j fc’-i 
! -:. ? N 


■Vrif r:u.n 


lhnr-\i ,i; 

A whn r.-p 
ft'i lfil iii | , 

hdvr !»«■*, 

MX »i'Ullt. | 

Hwt «,■; 
rt’.. m im. 

MaW- ,w 


lih.'l k'Hl'-i 

I *««' hcMl . 

4at r Ivlitii ; 

I. (Eli'n aiu; l 
J 1|5‘ V1l'« 

■i *i‘i*(«jvi\r*. , 

«*» it.;; . 

U't M> mih 
Mrili t»:.u ( n: 
llw Vi*|lr o* 
l«» it tt-ijijv,! 


ittlj; mts: k -.! 
n 1 «n:ik-j- 
Tium it] :K 

. Nff.iir.iu; 
it EiCu'k -.i.i. 
it |il.i., 

ran l.-.i'l. 

utijinvN . i.i; 

jV.t. . 

J. t] »:m« f 

(' lkn; iv.. 1 1 

«» li.* siii'Ufi' 
icm h T ’.'. 
iiilV (hi i 
inur*- ap,*. 
\l! iiW,"» 
lhr i-si.i.-. - 
bhletw » • 
t ?h 

1 ijtfi ii.i.r 
Rjnirr.i’v. ; 
i »!u- 

kk!s. •. 


U i . I ' v '- , i!i-yjj 

‘ Mil 

ASmUSSe "^ 



• • • i*, 1 ’ I rrTI k* 

. „ . •! 1 be ** 
' ' 'Mil. -m 

" m "nih\C 

■ ll , ‘ '".nnsf. 

, '. ; I'mstto- 

•> l k RuK jJL 

mil'll \pnniff 

■ : nu : 

- i un >i ik._> 

; ! HUi-' JOtl R,n^ 

'i tto mi. m, : r.. 
ijtte st« 

* . j. •>• • • • 

I - *,■* • 


■■« fli ■ i-r • “ 

v itf. 

• |M 1> «•■■• N • 

- AX. A hi. • •• .1 • 

- <jne •: • . 

? ®«r #V«* »". *. • 

X »i . - n . ■ • 

i ?j*: ■ 

• • &*• • *■.* *•. r i.i 

v »X v: w • • a . pr i. 

• * at;’ v '■ an: 

■i t:: '• i» 

*■ jttV ft-.*: » v : 



**'' it 

. ■ ' C: -a r 
i : r^~r. 

S5 5-HVJ Vv’ • -A*LS .* »■: £9??;r; 

«-•» -at. lUT •. - • " 

■ • fi - -n • ■■« • • • ' % 

- X - h r- • ■ '* 

s • 

.V Mi« ■' 1 ' 1 

t ;m .»«» • * ' • •. ■ ’ •> 

■*4 S • k> 4 M.-.-i . 

■ : • m*:;i ■ ■“ • 

i-s- _ 

JO SI-WCJRj i ; A\r ; C*P £ ' 


4 . v ., .. n-.l -• •• • «-* 

. --r • i »"'-■■ 

- X \ • * - ... 

** ■ ► - ■* *■ ■" ' - ■ 

• m *■■** '• • 

m i- £ 


■Sli« f * - - 

•i • 

- ? -iJ, . ”■■■ 

. r«: !.*. •• I 

- r‘V 1 ■“ *■ 

.. ' 

lW ,itj*iH IiC ' ' Sjmnir' |r ' v ’j 

ft. *■“ ,i .htn b 

»**■««•» " J .*'**' 

u.di S' i '■ 

\ ,u:: .. :ir 
.....r Maif* 




Need for drill on the 

■ "i’i.,. . 

• i.siii, ■ 1 

1.1,1, '"“tn. ^ 

, "f... r-, 


" 1 ''W-. t' 

■': i "'.'S 

i ‘ 1 '' . 


•“■'U % 

dl-r. tLT ’ * 


4 V ‘ 



, •„ , ..uf' 1 ;, , 


... .it 

‘ -M» k *• 

rt '■ 

By John Woodcock 

Cricket Correspondent 

Stilt looking sadly unlike a 
decent side, England conceded 
a firei innings lead of 157 in 
the second Test match against 
New Zealand, sponsored by 
CornhilL, on Saturday . and 
then lost Unimportant wicket 
of Gooch before the. close of 
play. With two days logo and 
a forecast of fine weather, they 
will do well now to get away 
with a draw, 

Even in this awful year for 
English cricket, Saturdays 
have sometimes brought some 
reGefl In two of the five Test 
matches in ihe West Indies, 
for example, they did so. But 
not this time: As New Zealand 
ground out a first innings total 
of 413. England looked devoid 
of resilience and imagination, 
not to mention class. Of New 
Zealand's last six batsmen, 
three took the opportunity to 
make their highest Test score. 

For' the' second lime since 
Gatting took on' the captaincy. 
England left the field at the 


EHOUMfcHntlnniRQR(DIGo«MU-71,C 1 
w J Atfwy SEe R J ttodtoe 6-801 


w J Atfley SS; K J Hadtoe Mfl| 
SKond tmtog* 

G A Goocli c Conoy b BncOTHdi 
M B ttoxon not out 
pH Edmonds iMO 

TMal (1 wkt) . 

T 7 





StWng 2-1-7-fl; BmccwbI VI-0-1. 

- - NEW ZEALANEk Ffrat barings . 

B AEdoar Kw b-TMmas * 

jGWngMcAlteyb Satan 58 

JJCmweFfMCfibSanl 23 

MDCrow«CEcbMmsbEnlMB«y - 28 

•J VConaynaiaut — , : 24 

E J Gmw oA*w b Ednambi 50 

r J HscOh c Ooadi b Tbonas 88 

j G Brac*wa8 c Maacon b Embuny .110 

«f OS Smdli Iwb EAuonds 2 

D A Stfrtng b SimO 28 

W Watson no(out — 8 

Extras (ib 4. w 2. nb 2) 8 

Total ^ 413 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-39. 2-85, 3-92. 4- 
142. 5-144, 6-238. 7-3ia 8-326. 9-301. 

BOWL0ffi:Smal 38-12-88^: ThaoiM 38- 
5-124-2; Pringhr aO-t-SM^Edmoods 28- 
11-52-% Erabway 425-17-87-2; Gooeb 2- 

Umpires: D J Contantand K E Rataer. 

end of a New Zealand innings 
to derisory noises from the 
crowd. It happened first in the 
one-day international at. Old 
Trafford after England's 
bowlers had been flogged all 
round the ground. On Sat- 
■urday it was not because they 
had taken heavy punishment 
but for their general ineptness, 
made to seem worse, .1 am 
afraid, by Gatling's handling 
of affairs. 

Much as the England play- 
ers liked Gower, they fa- 
voured a change to Gattingfor 
the greater incisiveness they 
thought it would bring, but 
-which was not . now in ev- 
idence. Since the amateur 
departed the game in the early 
' 1 960s capiains have tended to 
be more like foremen, the field 
a'shop floor: * - v ' ' ' 
i Captaincy by consensus has 
become fashionable. In a sub- 
tle way .Mike Breariey prac- 
tised it when fielding at slip 
he liked to have Botham at 
one shoulder and Taylor or 
Knott at the other, with whom 
to J discuss the next move: No 

one could say Breariey was not .. . - 

deliberate in the handling of . CloacMtmhire’s jdwauon xo 

■hie cider hut hp tnpw hie nwn bat oo a pitch where Giavcnry 
’his side; out ne Knew ms own tv»«wu»hii» have thnuaht 


What I 

- Braoeweirs day: Gooch fens victim to Bracewell who excelled with bat and ball for New Zealand on Saturday 

often in rather . distance 
communication with his 
bowlers, was out of all propor- 
tion and quite unlike him.. 

When Gray was out after 
making a laborious, albeit 
valuable. 50 in five hours, the 
England side assembled to- 
gether. It would have been 
strange had they not. But they 
were still in a huddle after the 
next man in. Smith, had taken 
guard. That was bad cricket 
and bad psychology. England 
took drinks on Saturday 
morning when it was entirely 
unnecessary. That, too. 
smacked of self-indulgence. 

It is. an unlucky England 
captain who has to set a field 
for such a wayward last bowler 
as Thomas. The best coach of 
bowlers in the country is 
reckoned to be 
Leicestershire's evergreen Ken 
Higgs, who would. 1 am sure, 
be delighted to have a look at 
Thomas. The great golfers are 
always going back to their 
mentors for a check-up, so 
why not send Thomas to 
Higgs, to straighten him out? 

As Jbr Edmonds and 

Emburey it seems to me that 
at the expense of guile and 
cunning they have come to 
rely on fielders m suicidal 
positions unsettling the bats- 
men. That is not high class, 
good-wicket bowling. These, 
then, are some of Gatting's 

I have great confidence in 
him to lake the side out of the 
doldrums, but only if he does 
things his way, which is to get 
on with the game. There were 
times on Saturday when it was 
as though England's circula- 
tion. had stopped. Small was a 
reasonable success, because he 
bowled a presentable line. 
Pringle missed his chance on 
Friday, when the ball was 
moving about Gooch has 
been under-used again. 

New Zealand, surprised to 
find England so lacking in 
professionalism, are enjoying 
it all enormously. England 
would no doubt be holding 
their own if they had Richard 
Hadlee on their side; yet 
Saturday belonged to John 
Bracewell, who nils the bill of 
the unsung hero. Coming in 
when Hadlee was out he 

scored his first Test hundred 
and then, to cap it he took 
Gooch's wicket when England 
batted for seven overs before 
the end of play. 

After being first left out of 
the New Zealand side that 
went tb Australia towards the 
end of last year, Bracewell was 
called for halfway through the 
tour. He at once made 83 not 
out and took five wickets in 
the second Test at Sydney. 
When, soon afterwards, 
Australia paid a return visit to 
New Zealand, he took 10 
wickets at Auckland in the 
victory which gave New Zea- 
land the series. He is a taU, 
unassuming cricketer, who is 
finding that application and 
common sense go a long way 
even in Test matches. 

Perhaps, one day, England 
will again have a side that can 
recover from 144 for five to 
make 413. as New Zealand 
did For the moment they 
have 10 successive Test 
matches without a single first 
innings lead to look back on. 
something which I imagine no 
other country can. ever have 
achieved Not surprisingly. 

All-round relief for Middlesex 

As Middlesex managed to get 
their batting right at Chelten- 
ham on Saturday, their support- 
ers will haye sighed with relief 
while in the dressing-room Clive 
Radley wiR have allowed him- 
selfa smile as he earned a pat on 
the back (Peter Marson writes). 
In answering 

think the crowd 
.found so trying on Saturday, 
'other than the shortage of 
■strokes; was England’s lack of 
drill, the very thing which 
'undermined them in the West 
Indies. The time Gatling took 
fiddling about with the field 

could reasonably have thought 
his combination of speed and 
spin sufficient to give bim the 
inilalive, Middlesex batted 
bravely before resting more 
easily on their laurels than for 
some time as they won the first 
round on points 3-2 in making 
302 for five. 

Slack and Miller made an 
encouraging beginning in which 

they successfully countered 
Walsh's and Lawrence's hostil- 
ity and the foundation to an 
innings of substance was made 
here. Then Butcher was briefly 
belligerent before Brown and 
Radley displayed circumspec- 
tion and composure in a 
consolidating process. 

All of which can only have 
been stimulating, not to say 
inspirational- And so it went on. 
with Carr making 55 not out and 
Downton, who had adopted 
Radley's idea of assuming the 
acting captaincy, responding in 
the best way by making his 
contribution 34 not out. 

At Leicester, where Fletcher 
had chosen to bat, Essex were 
grateful to have Harche make a 
halfcentury as they were hustled 

out by Leice st ershire's bowlers 
for 216 in 83.2 overs. 

Saturday’s scores 

Britannic Assurance 
Comity Championship 

BUXTOifc Lancashire 173 (A E Wan»r 4 
tor 38); Derbyshire 72 lor 1. 
SOUTHAMPTON: Hampshire 320 for 8 
dec- (D R Turner 79. C G Greenidge 78, T 
M Trwrten 50): Sussex 15 tar D. 
LEICESTER: Essex 216 (B R Hardto 53); 
Leicestershire 55 lor 2. 

HEADMGLEY: Glamorgan 134 (S J Dwv 
nis 4 tor SBt Yorkshire 138 tor 4 (A A 
Matcaite 73 not out). 

EDfiBASTDN: Warwickshire 328 tor 5 dec 
(B M MeMBan 106, G W Hunpaga 58. P A 
Smith 55); Kent 23 tor 0. 

CHELTENHAM: kWtUesex 302 tor 5 (K R 
Brown 66, J D Carr 55 not outfcv 

WELLINGBOROUGH: Somerset 210 (V J 
Marks 76 not out): No r th am ptons h irB 111 
for 3 (W Latte 58). 

tbe England dressing room is 
said to be a very depressing 
place and the team collectively 
and individually vulnerable. 
Nor would the air have been 
cleared on Saturday evening 
when Gooch, after being given 
out, caught at silly point ofT 
bat and pad. a derision which 
clearly upset him. found that 
the selectors were wanting to 
know within 72 hours whether 
or not he intends to make 
himself available to tour 
Australia this winter. 

It aft revolves, apparently, 
around matters domestic. His 
wife presented him with twins 
earlier in the season and he is 
haunted by the prospect of a 
four-month parting from the 
family. Perhaps he will think 
tint the most beneficial way of 
investing some of the 
£150,000 which his benefit 
brought him in last year would 
be to take a house in Sydney. 
The climate there at that time 
of year is worth all tbe cod 
liver oil in the world. 

The selectors’ confidence 
can be no higher than that of 
the players. If this presentTest 
match is lost tbe pressure will 
mount .on them to bring back 
Botham. They are not, I think, 
overkeen to do that just yet, 
and that is natural after the 
insults he has paid them. But 
their priority must be to pick 
the best possible side for the 
Oval (with a caveat about 
Gooch),' and the longer 
Botham has been gone the 
more he has been missed. 

Mark of progress 

Mark AJIeyne. the 18-year-old 
Gloucestershire batsman, has 
signed the three-year contract be 
was offered two weeks ago. He 
recently became the youngest 
player to score % century for the 
county and David Graveney. 
Gloucestershire's captain, said: 
“What he has achieved in such a 
short time is remarkable." 


Prologue is epilogue 
for the favourite 

From John Wflcockson, San Francisco 

' When Greg LeMond, who 
won the Tour de France for the 
first time two weeks ago, began 
the quest for his third victory in 
.the Coors International Bicycle 
^Classic on Saturday. 40,000 
Mtttow-Axnericans roared him 
.away from the start of the 
rproiogue time trial at 
? Fisherman's Wharf LeMond, 
^who comes from Sacramento, is 
i^gain the favourite to win this 
two-week, 1,065-mile stage race, 
,and he was expected to win the 
1 .05-mile uphill prologue 
through the streets of San 
' Francisco. 

i Before LeMond began, tbe 
'last of the 84 starters from 14 

• countries, the fastest time stood 
;to Petr Ugrumov. the Soviet 
l amateur who finished fourth in 
t the British Milk Race two 
.'months. The supporters 
J chanted: “Greg. Greg. Greg," as 

• they waited in Grant Street. 

half-way up the' climb to Coil 
Tower. But their roar was 
silenced as LeMond rounded 
the 90-degree corner to climb 
the vicious one-in-five gradient, 
and stopped. 

“The chain went into my 
wheel as I changed gear,” 
LeMond explained. “I don't' 
know how it happened. I had to 
run up the hOl cyclo-cross style. 
It was a stupid way to lose:" 

LeMond remounted and 
completed his effort in 3min 
36sec. while Ron KiefeL a fellow 
American, who started one 
minute in front him, raced to a 
time of 3min 12_53sec for a 
brilliant victory. It was the 
fourth successive year that 
KiefeL from Denver, has won 
the prologue in the Coors 


. l. R Kjafal CUS). 3mfo I2£3see 2. P 
nov (USSR). 3:1639; 3. R Alcala 

City centre attraction 

By a Special Correspondent 

‘ After the nine-day rain- 
soaked saga of the National 
, Track championships, cycling 
action switches to Manchester. 
4 Fine weather is forecast for the 

• fiat round of the Kellogg’s city 
centre championships today. 

’ This seven-part, five-weric se» 
y rial involves a cast selected from 

■ 55 British professionals and a 

* number of • imported riders 

- whose list of successes has been 

• achieved . in just about every 
..important Continental pro- 
fessional event on Ihe calendar. 

Top of the list must be the 
T our de France. Throughout the 
series 12 riders who have battled 
their way round this epic -event 
will take to tire streets in various 

* cities. For the Manchester race 
»- Robert Millar will find the fast 

fiat circuit a veiy different 
proposition to battling for the 

- King of the Mountains Jersey. 
Hcnnie Kuiper, Pol Verscbuere. 

■ Frank Haste and the- erratic 
Freddy Maenens all previous 

v stage winners m die Tour de, 
. Fiance, ride m Manchester. 

will be hard-pressed to keep the 
crown because Phil Thomas, the 
1983 and 1984 champion, is 
back in form after recovering 
from a virus infection. Thomas 

has been riding during the past 
week with the ANC-Halfords 
team in the Tour of Denmark. 
His slice of the action included 
two places in the top six. 

RESULTS: WB tf to na l PmiK, 5,000 
owtrafi 1. A Dwte (Ev» Ready). 5mm 
5620858c: 2. P danctore (Mwvtonooi). 
cauam after 4200 metres; 3. I Fagan 
(Watenech). 629405. CM b turn pursue 
4J)00 r 1. Marches® Wheelers. 4min 
34S7ssc: 2. Teem HawrhBI. 4t41.11; 3, 
Mnaan RC. *42.02. Wo nsn’i 500m 
sprint float L Jones 

Hodge (Cardiff AJnj. 2-1: Bra 
Nsoens (Weaver vaoetf « 
(Havertuin. 2-1. 80km Team 

J Ha m s 


Back on the track 

Adelaide (AP) — Jose Manuel 
Fangio, of Argentina, who won 
fi\c world championship motor 
raring titles, will make a guest 
appearance at this year's Ausirp- 
Shane Sutton, the Australian, - lion Formula One Grand Pri\ in 
reigning Kellogg's champion. * Adelaide on 2t> October. - 


Marzog does not put a foot strong 

All rumours of the Olympic 
silver medal winner, Marzog, 
not being In form were dispelled 
in the first section of the 
dressage world team champion- 
ships (a Special Correspondent 
writes). It was, perhaps, a little 
stiffer than in the past bat he 
stfli did the difficult movements 
with such ease that be earned 
tire high score of 1,71k and 
helped Denmark establish a 
good place in the race for tbe 
team medals. 

With excellent footing in the 

the dressage at Cedar 
Valley has been of the highest 
standard. Many riders have 
performed their best-ever test. 
Two of these were Britain's 
representatives: Elisabet Jokey 
started the day with a mistake- 
free test on her hnge home-bred 
Fowdermoakey to reach the 
1,500s for the first time. 

Tbe star was Jane Bartle- 
Wilson who, despite mistakes, 
did stxrh outstanding piaffe and 
passage that she scored L622 
and had the large crowd cheer- 

ing in appreciation. As on the 
previous day's Intennediaire II 
form, Britain still has her two 
stongest representatives, Chris- 
topher Bartle and Jennie 
Loriston-Clarke, to come; the 
latter is still in the bunt for a 

RESULTS; 1, Marzog (A Jansen), 

1,718pts; 2, impere (G 
CapcJbnann). 1,682; 3, Dynasty (C. 
Ishoy), 1,675. British ptactag* It), 
Pmocchn (J Bartle- Wilson), 1,622; 
16, Powdermonfcey (E Joycsy), 


Mullins in 

Grand Prix 

From Jenny MacArfhnr 

In a country where 
showjumping is still a major 
sport. Captain Gerry Mullins' 
victory on the 17-year-old, 
Rock barf on. in the Grand Pm 
of Ireland on Saturday, the last 
day of the Dublin Horse Show, 
brought an unashamed display 
of emotion. It was the first time 
the trophy had gone to Ireland 
for 20 years. 

Based at the Irish Army's 
School of Equitation at the 
McKee barracks in Dublin. 
Mnllins became a household 
name when finishing fourth on 
Rockbarton in the 1982 world 
championships In Dublin. At 
this year's world championships 
at Aachen. West Germany, the 
pair finished in seventh position. 

John Whitaker, who came 
sixth on Ryan's Son. described 
Steven Hickey's track as the 
biggest be had seen this year 
outside Aachen. He. and his 
brother. Michael, on Warren 
Point, both had one fence down 
in the first round, but then 
produced clears in the second 

Peter CTiarles did well to 
reach tire second round on April 
Sun, who was exhausted after 
his two good rounds for the 
winning British team in Friday's 
Nations Cop. Despite his eight 
faults on Saturday, the horse, 
who had an operation to remove 
an internal blockage in April, 
has shown this week that he is 
again capable of taking on the 
world's best. 

Only three riders produced 
doable dear rounds to go into 
the jump-off — Mullins, Jay- 
Land, for the United States, and 
Kieran Rooney, of Ireland. Land 
set a Cast time on the Irish-bred 
Leapy Lad. which looked near 
impossible to beat. Bat Mullins 
and Rockbarton were more than 
half a second faster. 

Mnllins simply said: “I’d have 
been shocked if I'd have come 
home any slower.” Rooney, tbe 
bast to go on Hyland Serpent, 
retired after knocking down two 
fences, and ended the day in 
third place. 

RESULTS: 1. Rockbarton (G 
Muffins) 0, 0, 0 in 43-41 soc; 2, 
Leapy Lad (J Land, US) 0, 0, 0 in 
44.02: 3, Hyland Serpent (K Roo- 
ney, lie) 6, 0, rot Other British 
piscinas: 4. Next Wanen Point (M 
Whitaker) 4. 0 ; 6, Next Ryan’s Son 
(J Whitaker) 4, 0. Leading ridec E 
Macfcen. Runner-up: G Muffins. 


Becker in the final 
as McEnroe 
goes down talking 

Siration Mountain. Vermont 
(Agencies) — John McEnroe, in 
his first tournament for nearly 
seven months, held four match 
points before going down to his 
successor as Wimbledon cham- 
pion. Buns Becker, here on 
Saiurdav night. The match con- 
tained a few clashes of personal- 
ities between the two players but 
afterwards McEnroe said the 
game would be dull if they were 
not permitted to show their 

"I think people should be 
allowed to express lhcmsekcsT 
McEnroe said. "It's boring if we 
simply hit the ball over the nci.“ 
From a contest filled with 
posturing by both players. 
Becker emerged triumphant. 3- 
6. 7-5. 7-6 to set up a final 
against Ivan Lendl, who runner- 
up to him at Wimbledon last 
month. It was only the second 
lime that the 18-vcar-old Ger- 
man and the 27-year-old New- 
Yorker had met and they are 
now level with one win apiece. 

It was almost a classic 
confrontation between the for- 
mer king and his successor who 
was testing his power game 
against McEnroe's touch. "It's 
always a special meaning to beat 
McEnroe, whether it's in a first 
round somewhere or in the final 
of a Grand Slam." Becker said. 
“To me. he's the greatest 

Becker won the loss and 
elected to receive, which was 
surprising considering the Ger- 
man teenager's big service. 
Then, as McEnroe started to 
serve to begin the match. Becker 
turned his hack on the court. 
McEnroe waited until Bcckcr 
was ready, then prepared again 
to served And again. Becker 
turned around and walked 
away, causing McEnroe to shake 
his head and wait some more. 

Later, following a 41 -minute 
rain delay in the sixth game, 
both players were at the net 
when McEnroe smashed the ball 
at Becker's feet. McEnroe 
turned and walked away as 
Becker glowered at him. 

In the fifth game of the middle 
set. Becker hit four straight 
volleys before finally winning a 
point that brought him to deuce. 
With McEnroe looking at him. 
the young redhead went into his 
"Becker Shuffle" to celebrate 
winning the point But it was his 

& not his posturing, that 
y gave Becker the victory, 
although McEnroe exploited a 
weakness that other players may 
use against the strong right- 

hander. Time and again, Becker 
was unable lu handle a hall hit io 
his backhand, sending u into (he 
net or down ihe line wide. It 
must have been especially 
gratifying, therefore, for the 
game-winner, at ID-8 in the tie- 
break. to be a backhand passing 
shot down the line that 
McEnroe volleyed into the net 

Referring to Becker's accusa- 
tion lhai he had tried to 
intimidate thr young West Ger- 
man. McEnroe said: "I didn’t 
abuse him. I just told him I 
didn't need stuff like that." 

The start of ihe other semi- 
final was delayed by rain but 
when it did begin. Lendl forced 
an early break against Jimmy 
Connors and led 4-1 Bui Con- 
nors pulled even at 4-4 before 
the Czechoslovak broke again, 
serving out ihe set ri-4. In the 

second set. the fierce baseline 
battle continued and Connors 
won the set ft-3 on a backhand 
error by Lendl. 

In the third set. Connors 
broke for a 1-0 lead but Lendl 
seized an immediate break back. 
Then the world No 1*5 con- 
fidence returned and he carved 
out a t>-2 v ictorv in the third set 
and he achieved his tenth 
consecutive win over the 33- 
\ ear-old American. 

SEMI-FINALS: 1 Lend iC,'l M J Coum 
(USI, 6-4. 3-6. 6-3. B Bocsar {WG) M J 
Me Enron (US). 2-6. 7-5. 7-6 

Becker celebrates after 
his first tournament 
victory over McEnroe 


Wright in Bournemouth win 

Jeff Wright of the Cadoxton 
dub, Barry, won the Bourne- 
mouth open tournament singles 
at his first attempt at Meyrick 
Park on Saturday. In the final he 
beat Arthur Jackson, of Swin- 
don, 21-16. Welshmen have 
often done well at Bourne- 
mouth. among them Ray Hill, 
who won the singles three years 

Wright, a Welsh indoor inter- 
national. was Hill's lead in the 
world indoor pairs champion- 
ship at Bournemouth last April. 
Another strand of coincidence is 
that Hill beat Jackson in the 
quarter-finals during his 
Bournemouth success in 1983. 

By Gordon Alton 

The nearest Jackson came to 
catching Wright was when- the 
score stood at 16-15 to Wright- 
Two fours — the first with a trail, 
the second when Wright bowled 
a careless end — gave Jackson 
the chance. It proved to be his 
last, leaving him as runner-up 

Wright had beaten the En- 
gland player. David Taylor, 21- 
18 in the semi-finals. It was the 
second of T aylor's th ree 
matches on Saturday, which 
kept him on (he green for more 
than eight hours. In the first, he 
and Peter Unc beat Albert 
Williams and David Wilkins 21- 
20 in a pairs semi-final after 
gathering five shots on the 21st 

end to make the score 20-20 and 
force an extra end. 

In the final. Taylor and Line 
took the tide with a 28-16 win 
over Duncan Hayne. aged 16. 
and Neil Smith, aged 20, of St 
Austdl. When Smith was bom. 
Line had already been playing 
for England for 10 years. 

RESULT& SiooiM: Hnat Wright 21. 
Jackson 16. SacnMtMls: A Jackson 
(Swindon) 21. G CWk (Telford) 13: J 
Wright (Cadoxton) 21. 0 Taylor (Braun 
Rat Carksie) ia Pain ----- 

, D Hayne and N Snwti (both J 
16. TrfotoK Fhafc J Wfluns. H Moan. I 
Wilkins ( ““ 



liiuns (an Ftomrhydyten. Port Tatoot) 15, 
Sadd (Brooksde). M Ward (Nomng- 
im). M Stevenson (Langwitn Junction) 
13 Friday** lata mule Sacntaiy** Cup 
IlnafcM Steals (MKXbc)?l;E8OTl (Notts) & 


Australia’s flying start 



New Zealand 12 

Wellington (Agencies) — 
Australia held off a second-half 
revival by New Zealand to gain 
a 13-12 victory in the first 
international match at Athletic 
Park on Saturday, after leading 
9-0 at half-time. 

Australia's tries came from 
David Campese, the full back, 
and the flanker. Mail Burke. 
New Zealand's only try was 
scored by Mark Brooke- 

The first points followed a 
drive in which Poidevin, Camp- 
bell and Reynolds were prom- 
inent From the ensuing maul, 
Nick Farr Jones kicked the ball 

forward, and Campese ran 
through for a try. Michael 
Lynagh, the stand-off half con- 
verted, and added a penalty 
before half-time. New Zealand's 
foil back. Cooper, pulled his 
team back into contention with 
two penalties in the second half, 
but Campese then put Burke 
over in the corner 

SCORERS: Australia: Trias: D Campese. 
M Bwte.Comatsiofc M Lynagh. Penalty: 
Lynagh. New Zealand: Thr m BrooLs- 
Cowuen. Conversion: Q Cooper. Pan- 
a foas: C ooper (2). 

AUSTRALIA: D Campese. M Buka, A 
Stock, 8 Papworth. P Gngg;M Lynagh. N 
Farr-Jonas; R Reynolds. S Pttdewn. S 
Tunymsn, S Cutler. W CantpbflL E 
Rodnguaz. T Lawton. M Hart*. 

NEW ZEALAND: G Cooper. T Wright, j 
Stanley. A Stone. J Kawan: F Botca. D 
KWq M Brewer. A Eart. M Brooke- 
Cowdan. B Anderson. M Speight. B 
MeGrattan. S Fitzpatnck. K Boroevtch. 
Refarae: D Bevan (Wales). 


Cooper couple 
keep up 
Games form 

Malcolm and Sarah Cooper, 
of Hayling Island, who won the 
small-bore three-position pairs 
gold medal at the Common- 
wealth Games, were io winning 
form at Bisley during the week- 
end when Malcolm won two 
British three-position 
championships and Sarah the 
women's tide lour Shooting 
Correspondent writes), 

Malcolm won the Free Rifle 
Challenge Cup for the thirteenth 
time in 15 years with 1.173 out 
of 1.200 for 40 shots in each 
position, two points short of the 
world recoitL Mis Cooper was 
third with 1,144. 

. In the second British 
championship yesterday with 20 
shots prone, standing and kneel- 
ing, Cooper retained the Darby 
Challenge Cup with 587 out of 
600. Mrs Cooper, who was fifth 
overall with 567. won the 
women's tide for the second 
year running. 

RESULTS: Ftae PM* CMtonge Cup Q k 
40k i. M 0 Cooper (Havant), 1,173:2, N 
stumy (Swftz). 1.168c 3. Mr S Cooper 
(Havant), i.iu. Claas B: I Wallace (Ham 
and Petersham ). 1.121. Ctaaa C; K B HU 
(Ham and Pwarsham) 1.091. CkuftPF 
C Undents (School of Infantry), 1.093. 

ptocaie (Jwkrate A N Cornish 
(Haswvas and St LflonsRto). 1.112. Stock- 


Spirit) Trophy flttWa § xffl.S 


2. J Fan (Newton ' 


Souness debut wrecked by dismissal 

By Hugh Taylor 

The Scottish Football Associ- 
ation are certain to call for an 
inquiry into the disgraceful in- 
cidents which marred the match 
between Hibernian and Rangers 
at Easter Road on 
Saturday.Ranger*' new player- 
manager. Graeme Souness, was 

ordered off. nine other players 
were cautioned, and a brawl in 
the centre circle following 
Souness's fierce tackle on 
McCluskey saw 21 players lash- 
ing out at each other in front of 
television cameras. 

Among those booked were 
Rangcre' expensive imports 
from England. Butcher and 
WesL both of whom were 
perhaps fortunate to stay on the 
field after striking opponents. 

Although the abrasive 
Souness was repentant after- 
wards when he made a public 
apology for the tackle which left 
McOuskey in hospital with 
severe lacerations on his knee, it 
is difficult to see Rangers escap- 
ing an inquiry by the SFA. who 
have indicated that punishment 

for violent play will be more 
severe this season. 

Last October they were fined 
£1000. and Aberdeen £1.000, 
after an investigation into an ill- 
tempered league match which 
saw two Rangers players sent off 
and six others cautioned. So it 
■ was an ill-fated introduction to 
Scottish league football for 
Souness. whose team, of whom 
so much had been expected, was 
far too often in disarray follow- 
ing the dismissal of their man- 
ager. Hibernian deserved their 
2-1 victory. The goals were 
scored by Beetie and Cowan for 
Hibernian, and by McCoist with 
a penally for Rangers. 

In contrast, it was probably 
just too peaceful at Parkhead 
where Celtic beat Dundee 1-0 to 
earn their opening two points in 
defence of the premier division 
championship. Johnston scored 
a superb goal in tbe third 
minute, but although Celtic 
were always superior to their 
opponents who lacked the 
finishing touch, they never 
found their brightest form. In- 
deed. David Hay. the manager, 
confessed: “It was rather a let- 
down. and we can play much 

Aberdeen, whose poor results 
away from home Iasi season 
• undoubtedly cost them the 


Scottish premiertfiviston . 

tnrr mi o m ■ oumb8£ 














ID 2 

» (0) 








m i 

1 (0) 



(01 o 

1 (1) 


Scottish second efivisf on 



(2) 2 
(0) 0 

i ni 

o m 














Scottish first division 














(0) 0 

o m 









(1) 1 

0 (0j 







E Stirling 

east Art 

C0| 1 

4 0) 








championship, failed to im- 
prove on an abject record when 
they lost 2-1 to Dundee United 
at Tannadico. Gough, who had 
been making headlines all week 
because of his transfer demand, 
showed why United are so keen 

to retain his services. The 
international defender scored 
the first goal and provided the 
pass for Redford to make vic- 
tory secure. Aberdeen, who 
lacked a midfield personality to 
dictate play, pulled back a goal 
in the 88th minute 

Hemt of Midlothian did little 
at Paisley to show they have 
fully recovered their composure 
following the cruel Mows which 
robbed them at the last moment 
last season of league and cup 
wins, and they were fortunate to 
draw 0-0 with a St Mirren team 
who played for most of the time 
with 10 players. Gallagher hav- 
ing been ordered off. 

Neither did Falkirk and 
Hamilton Academicals, the 
newcomers to the division, 
show that they have the re- 
sources to challenge for hon- 









AUSTRALIAN RESULTS (m pools Ofdert: 
CaulGeto C 1. T h oma s town 1; Monrafl t 
Fawknei- 0. NUrthcote C 4. Melbourne 1: 
Dowwn i . Mona Gato 2: N DPWKfw 3. 
Wernbee 0. MuuwatM 0. Broadtn dews 
i.SOakfcH(?iO.SMelb(une a:Bu8eenO. 
«. . Essanoor C 0. San- 

R 2 Ennam (k Kator 
Moreland Pk 1. N 
Geetong 0: Rjcrtn 1 . Micro Qty ft 

Wavenev 0. Prariian Cry 3: Cono 0. Bel 
Parti 0: Fermrw 3. Yasoum 0: Geelong 0. 
Mooroottark 3: btoOrabbaitLCoburgaPi 
Melboune 0. Clifton tfcn 0: Prahran i. 
Yerravife 2. Rosanna 2. Sprirtgvale U 1; 
Bngfiton 2. Ctarncfa 2: Bunttoom 1. 
Boierna 0: E Brunswick 0. Langwgmn 0; 
Hawthorn 5. Batarei 2: KarmgaM, Holland 
Rt 1 . Keysboro 1 . Laior Ukltf Benmek Cty 
0. Geewrc u« centra 0. Ameer ft 

Greens&om3 E Geewg i; ivaniiee C«v 
0. Cfayton 0: AWrtwem Ctv i. East Preston 
i: Pasco* vale 0. Sea tort lira 2: 
WBlsmsTOwn I. wanuna 0. Azzuni 0. 
Balga 1: Bays water i. Fonesntu o. 
Inglewood 0. Hiding M 1. Osborne Ph 3. E 
Fremantle 4. Soearwood 2, Athena 1. 
Batoatta 0 Fremantle B 1. CocAburn 3. 
Motley 1 . East Ppnh 1 . Kwmana 1 ; MelviHe 
2. Basaendean 5: North Perth 1. Kmgsway 

4; Sorrento 3. Queens Pk ft Anna date Pk 
i. s«an Crec i. Booragoon 2. Perm City 
i.Leaaarwriai Wanneroo5:MtLawiey 1. 
Sutnaco 1: Rockingnam 4. Bun bury C ft 
western 2. Swan Ath 2 Newmarket 0. 
Rocnedate R 0: Pine Rivers 2. Redtands 0; 
Barton 0. inala G>ty 1; Goodna 1, 
Kmgsndge 0: Brothers Ufo 3. Albany 1: 
Pne Hills 1. Oxiey ll 2. Vrgma u 1. 
CapalabaO. v 


cold comfort 
for Newman 

By John Good body 

Marc Newman, of Poole, ably 
withstood the unwelcoming wa- 
ter temperature of 58 degrees in 
Lake Windermere to win the 
first Fina world long distance 
cup on Saturday. Even though 
ihe sun shone throughout the 
event, the conditions were so 
chilly that only 19 of the 34 
crimes completed the 25 
kilometres ( I S'c miles) race as 
many swimmers, suffering from 
hypothermia, had io give up. 

Newman had tire necessary 
pedigree both to withstand tire 
cold and to maintain a sustained 
pace. Last year he was deprived 
of a probable record for swim- 
ming the Channel when the 
French pilot of his accompany- 
ing boat forced him to tread 
water in a shipping lane. 

After five miles he was six 
minutes behind the American 
Florence Barker, ranked tenth in 
the world last year for the 
Olympic distance of 1.500 me- 
tres. and he was closely followed 
by Lyndon Dunsbec. Britain's 
leading competitor. 

Dunsbec. however, had to 
retire after tearing his left shoul- 
der and as Miss Barker began to 
suffer with the cold Newman 

began to catch her. The Ameri- 
can suddenly collapsed and had 
to be pulled out of the water and 
this left Newman alone to win in 
6hr 22 min 6sec, understandably 
slow because of the conditions. 

In ihe women's race Alexa 
Reepz. of ihe United Stales, 
finished dear of the Hungarian 
Gizella Szlaviisck. whose hus- 
band stood throughout the race 
at ihe front of the suppon boat 
to dictate her stroke. Every time 
he rhythmically clapped she 
pulled her arm over. Bridget 
Young, from Dover, was third. 

RESULTS: Mere 1, M Newman (OBJ. 6tr 
22mn 06sec 2, Mahmaxt Mohamad 
Nay« fftjmn. 6:47:29: 3. T Brouwer 
luettiu 6:0:47. Womtit 1, A Reepz (l 
5.42-00, ■ 2, G SzfaWtsek (Hun), 7:1 T ' 

B Young (GB), 7:11.46, 

Hubble’s hope 

Gany Hubble, the Australian 
1 1 £hi -heavyweight boxing cham- 
pion. is to challenge Leslie 
Stewart of Trinidad and Tobago 
for (he Commonwealth title in 
Sydney on September 18. Hub- 
ble. who holds the Oriental and 
South Pacific titles, hopes to 
climb lip the world rankings 
with a victory over Stewart, who 
is ranked in the top five in th- 
world by both the World Boxing 
Council and the World Benin? 
Association. “ 

„ '* * J 





Sixes climb the sky 
as Botham outdoes 
even his exploits 

result. Northamptonshire 2pts. 
Somerset 2. 

Ian Botham hit 13 sixes and 
12 fours as be made 175 not 
out yesterday in a remarkable 
assault on the Northampton- 
shire bowling, which left him 
one short of the individual 
John Player Special League 
record. It was baiting of a 
power and dominance 
extraordinary even by h|s 
standards, and continued his 
eventful comeback to cricket 
after a nine-week suspension. 

Botham, who marked his 
return last Monday with a 64- 
ball championship hundred, 
batted 119 minutes and faced 
122 balls. The mathematical 
details utterly fail to convey 
the brute force allied to perfect 
timing and technique with 
which he punished the ball, 
especially past mid-on. There 
were seldom any half-mea- 
sures: the ball either skimmed 
along the ground with a force 
that stung the fieldsmen's 
hands, or it sailed high above 
them for six. 

A 7,000 crowd, standing 10 
deep in places, ringed the 
ground, but were deprived of a 
finish by heavy rain when 
Northamptonshire were 54 for 
one from 15 overs. Their 
target had already been re- 
duced to 231 in 33 overs by 
earlier rain, which interrupted 
Somerset’s innings near its 
end. Northamptonshire's two 
points were enough to keep 
them at the top of the table. 

Botham's batting was made 
all the more memorable by the 
fact that this was not wild, 
indiscriminate slogging but a 

By Richard Streeton 

sustained, carefully calculated 
display of aggressive stroke- 
making. Baiting, in fact, was 
not always easy, with the ball 
moving about freely from a 
damp pitch and the light 
worsening as rain clouds gath- 

Northamptonshire's well 
equipped attack at no time 
lost their heads but one by one 
they were reduced to im- 
potence against a full variety 
of strokes from Botham. Once 
he settled in he never hit the 
ball with less than enormous 
force, and despite the rate he 
travelled, he never gave any 
sort of a chance. Nine of his 
sixes were straight or over 
long-on, three others were 
hooked or pulled to the leg 
■side and one was over extra 

The Wellingborough School 
ground is a small playing area 
by first-class standards but 
several of his sixes went out of 
the ground and would have 
been sixes on any ground. His 
first eight sixes came in sepa- 
rate overs and were followed 
by a deliberate single to keep 
the bowling. He took 59 balls 
for his first fifty, starting in 
feel with nine careful singles; 
his second fifty came in 28 
balls and his third fifty in 29 

Somerset were 18 for two 
from five overs when Botham 
came in. They were 51 for 
three from 12 overs when 
Richards was third out. Rich- 
ards had hit Capel for six over 
extra cover and was then 
beaten by a ball which came 
back a long way. Botham was 
eight at this point, which 

Yorkshire stay in 
title hunt 

By Peter Ball 

(4pts) beat Glamorgan by 19 

Yorkshire kepi up their pur- 
suit of the John Player League 
title and laid a Welsh bogey at 
the same time, beating Glamor- 
gan for the first time in seven 
years. Their second siring seam 
bowlers proved too much for 
Glamorgan, with Fletcher. Den- 
nis and Pickles all making 
invaluable contributions as the 
last six Glamorgan wickets fell 
for 35 runs in the last seven 

Yorkshire’s final 200 repre- 
sented considerable riches after 
they had been held in chains by 
some splendid out-cricket, with 
notable catches taken by Davies, 
diving round to silly point, 
Hopkins at point, and Derrick at 
deep backward square4eg.The 
turning point came in an event- 
ful 3Jrd over from Holmes. 
Nine runs came from the first 
four balls, the fifth yielded a run 
and a wickeL, Bairstow being run 
out going for a second as Oniong 
recovered his initial mis-field at 
mid-on. From the sixth. Byas 
edged on. aiming a big drive at a 
wide half-volley. 

Ai 133 for six, Yorkshire were 
in trouble. But as Morris per- 
sisted with Holmes and Derrick, 
instead of recalling his front line 
bowlers. Carrick and Pickles 
swung effectively to pul on 67 in 
the last seven overs. Twenty- 

three of them came in Holmes's 
last over, Carrick hitting him for 
successive sixes over the finger- 
tips o flong-on and long-off. and 
finishing with a three 

Until the halfway stage 
Glamorgan's progress was 
nicely measured - 

c Davies b Steele . 




J D Lava c and b 
P E Robinson c Demck b Ontong — 
ID L Bairstow run out 

D Byes b Holmes 

P Came* not out 



b Holmes — 46 
- 4 

Extras (b 2. lb 16. w 4) 
Total {6 wkts. 40 overs) . 


FALL OF WICKETS; 1-56. 2-78, 3-83. 4k 
107. 5-133, 6-133. 

C Shaw. S D Fletcher and S J Dennis t*d 
not bat 

BOWLING: Hickey 5-1-20-0; Berwick 5-1- 
104k Steele S-4&2: Ontong 84M6-1; 

*74W1 “ 

Holmes 7-0-57-2: Damck 7- 


J A Hopkins c Love b Fletcher 
"H Morris runout 


G C Hohms b Camck 

M P Maynard b Shaw 

R C Ontong c Damns b Pickles .- 
J Derrick c Bairstow b Dennis — 
IT Davies c Camck b Fletcher 
PA Corny bFtetctwr 

— 36 

— 18 

— 37 

— 24 

— 19 

— 23 







Total (39.4 overs) 181 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-38. 2-87. 3-124. 4- 
128. 5-148, 6-174. 7-176. 8-178. 9-181, 10- 
181 . 

BOWLING: Derails. B-0-27-& Pickles. 8-0- 
51-1: Camck. 8-0-29-1; Shaw 8-0-30-1; 
Fletcher; 74-0-32-4. 

Umpires: J W Holder and N T Plows. 

J F Smeto c Fletcher b Dennis 

S R Barwick not out 

D 4 Hickey b Fletcher 

Extras (b 4. lb 8) 

The French prize 

By Ivo Tennant 

MiUrcrnians beat Downside 
Wanderers by six wickets. 

_ Old Malvemians. half their 
side comprising current or for- 
mer county cricketers, won the 
Cricketer Cup for the third time 
when they beat Downside 
Wanderers ’yesterday in a well 
contested final. Their main 
prize is a day trip to Epemay in 
France in October. 

The Cricketer Cup was con- 
ceived by A S R W’inlaw. the 
cricket writer. It began in 1967 
with 16 old boys' sides taking 
part. Now there are 32. the 
competition is sponsored by 
Moui and Chandon and run by 
Ben BrocklehursL managing 
director of The Cricketer. 

The key to its success is that 
the cricket is both social and 
competitive, which is not always 
an easy mix. Yesterday, before 
some 2.000 spectators. Ellcock.' 
of Worcestershire, and Mac- 

Laurin. of Middlesex, were play- 
ing for Malvemians as were the 
Tolchard brothers and Richard- 
son. late of Leicestershire and 
Worcestershire respectively. 
Roger Tolchard is probably still 
good enough to play county 

Downside included Hender- 
son. recently of Worcestershire 
and Glamorgan, who with Ber- 
nard got his side away to a 
century opening partnership on 
being put in. The pitch was on 
the slow side, too slow for 

Ellcock. It was the change 
bowlers who broke through and 
restricted Downside to 228. 

Barbecues had been banned 
by the headmaster of West- 
minster School, whose ground 
this is. It is sacred turf. Imbib- 
ing. though, was in full swing 
when Malvemians began their 
innings. Richardson started 
confidently and for the second 
wicket. Jeff Tolchard and Mao- 
Laurin. who gives the ball a fair 
crack, added 96 in 62 minutes. 


*AR Bernard c EICOCkbN Pma 51 

S P Henderson b D Pnca 68 

5 J Haifeday e Oare-Hunr b D Pnoe — 15 

T A CottaraU c N Price b Meson 55 

RTVyvyanbD Price 1 

C B Barrington b N Price 3 

M M Beat* c D Price b Mason 19 

R M Berkeley c Goldie b Mason 2 

- 0 
- 0 

E Thesiger b M 



b Mason . 

Extras lb i.ib 4,nb 8) , 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-12S. 2-131, 3-147, 
4-150. 5-153. 6-191. 7-201. 8-226. 9-226. 

BOWLING: Btcock 12-2-46-0: Bellamy 5- 
0-22-0; Mason 1 0-2-42-5; N Pnca 12-2-41. 
& Goto* 8-1-42-0: D Pncfl 7-1-363. 


B A Betianteon low b McKechmg 17 

J G Tolchard c Downey b Henderson 44 
N R C MacLaunn b Henderson — „ 63 

RCW Mason c and b Henderson 18 

■R W Toichara not out 3g 

R Ellcock not out 30 

Extras(b7 l *8,w3,r*l) 19 

Total (4 wfets) 229 

„ TO H Price. PJOarB-HunLN Pnca ,1 
G G Goidfe. SAW Befivny ted not baL 
fan 01 wickets: i-a* 2-130. 3-135. 4-173. 
Umpires: JRScutr and J A Larby. 

meant that he claimed 167 of 
Somerset’s last 221 runs in 27 
overs. • 

Felton, too, hit well as be 
helped add 134 in 19 overs 
before he holed out to deep 
long on. Botham scored 60 
before he hit his first six. He 
reached his century with a six 
off Nick Cook, his fifth six, 
and at this stage had also 
hammered 10 fours. The 
scoreboard were two runs 
behind at this juncture and the 
crowd missed the milestone at 
the proper time. 

when Somerset were 220 
for four from 34.5-overe, rain 
drove the players off, with 
Botham 130. It reduced the 
game at this point to 39 overs 
and when play resumed 
Botham took sixes from three 
successive balls from 


*P M Roebuck Itw b M 

l V A Richards few b Capel 

I T Botham not out 

N A Felton c Harper b N G B Cook __ 35 

RJ Harden c Harper b Walker 9 

J Gamer not out 3 

Extras (lb ft w 6. nb 1) J3 


Total (5 wtds, 39 overs) . 

V J Marks. J Gamer. N A Fatten, fT Graft 
M R Davis and G V Palmer did not baL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-16, 2-18. 651, 4- 

BOWLING: MaDender 7-0-48-1: Capel 8- 
1-31-2: WW 8-0-57-0: Walker B-D-S4-1; 
Harper 5-0-394); N G B Cook 3-0-27-1. 


R J Batay c Roebuck b Richards 1 

W Larkins not out 

A J Lamb not out 

Extras (lb IJ 
Total (1 wkt, IS overs) . 

„ 14 


*G Cook. DJ Capel. DJ WkL R A Harper, 
IS N V Waterier. N G B Cook. N A 
Malender and A Walter ted not baL 

BOWLING: Gamer 5-1-34; Richards 7-1- 
21-1; Palmer 241-164): Davis 14)41-0. 
Umpires: B Laadbeeter and A G T 

Stepping up: Hide on his way to 27 for Worcestershire 
against Surrey yesterday (Photograph: Hugh Roudedge) 

Sussex inspired by Parker 

Hampshire slipped up at 
Dean Park. Bournemouth, yes- 
terday. where a splendid innings 
of 92 by Paul Parker and 
another by Alan Wells, who 
made 63. saw Sussex gain their 
seventh victory in the John 
Player Special League this sea- 
son with five balls to spare in a 
match reduced to 36 overs. 

After Hampshire had been 
invited to bat, Greenidge was 
soon seeking to destroy the 
bowling, and the fall of Teny's 
wicket at 40 did nothing to ease 
the pressure. Robin Smith then 
made 57 not out, and all the 
remaining batsmenexcept for 
James, who was the last to fell to 
le Roux (4-40), helped make the 
runs* Nicholas required. 

At Leicester, Essex moved up 
into joint leadership with their 
eighth victory against Leicester- 
shire. whom: they beat by 24 
runs in a match reduced to 18 
overs. Essex had gone off at a 
great pace, and leading the 

By Peter Marson 

charge, Handle had made a half 
century out of 97 for two in 1 1 

Kent's match with Warwick- 
shire at Edgbaston was aban- 
doned after rain had stopped 
play at the point when Kent had 
gotto 74 for two in the sixteenth 
over. There had been time for 
Hinks to make a quick 50 in a 
useful beginning, but with the 
score 52. Gifford bowled Ben- 
son. and after Hinks and Tavart 
had put on 22. Hinks fell to a 
catch behind off Ferrdra. 

At The Park, Buxton, a fine 
innings of 60 not out by Roberts 
enabled Derbyshire to beat Lan- 
cashire by three wickets with 
three bails to spare. 

Put in to bat, Lancashire were 
soon in trouble. Mendis felling 
to Holding with the score on 
nine, and when another three 
wickets fell for the addition of 
57 nuts, 15 overs remained. 
With ^Derbyshire's quintet of 
bowlers giving nothing away. 

Fairbrolher did especially well 
to make 52 not out. 

Hooliganism spoiled the 
game, for more than 3,000 
people packed into the tiny peak 
district ground as three arrests 
for public order offences were 
made. The police bad been 
forewarned that a group of 
foothai) fens from Derby were 
i nten l on having a confirm tation 
with Manchester United and 
Manchester City supporters at 
the. game and the laige police 
presence succeeded in segregat- 
ing the rival groups. 

At The Oval, Surrey beat 
Worcestershire by four wickets. 
Set to make 190 to win, Clinton 
made 59, Jesty 31 and Thomas 
37 not out. Having been invited 
to bat, Worcestershire made a 
fine stan with Smith and 
Rhodes putting on 77 for the 
first wicket. With half their 
overs gone, Worcestershire 
needed to accelerate, but Surrey 
bowled well enough to make 
sure that their target would be 
within range. 


Derbyshire v Lancs 


Derbyshire (4pts) beat Lancashire by 3 


G D Mendis b Holding 2 

G Fowler c Barnett bfiresy — 17 

J Abraham c Roberts b Fmney . 
■CHLtoydc Monte bWamdr- 

N H Fanrotoer not out 

OP Hughes b Warner. 


- 22 
. 52 

) O Austin c Sharma b Holding . 4 

tC Maynard not out 13 

Extras (to 12. w 3, nb 4) — 19 

Total (8 wkts. 40 overs) 149 

J Simmons. D J MakJnaon and S 
Hatmksan ted not bet 

FALL OF WICKETS: l-ft 2*23, Ml. 4-68, 

80WUNG: Morwmsan 6-1-284); Hokfina 
8-1-30-2: Finney 8-0-23-2; Sharma 8-1-24- 
(k Warner 8-0-32-2. 


K J Barnett tow b Simmons 

C Marptes c Maynard b MaUnson . 
A Hfl run out 

Leics ? Essex 


Essex (4pts) oast Lncestarshie- by 24 


P J Prichard ran out 27 

B R Hardle IUI out ; — 80 

A R Border c Taylor b De Freitas 13 

*KWR FMchernotout. 

Surrey v Worcs 


Surrey fdpta) boat Woccastarshtra by 4 

D M Smith c and b Bulan 

Extras (to 2, w 3. nb 1) . 
Total (3 wkts. 16 overs) . 

J E Moms ran out . 
B Roberts not Out 

- 6 
- 5 

TBJM Maher tow b Abrahams 21 

M A Hoiteng c Mendis b Stoxnons — 27 

A E Warner b Maklnson 2 

H Sharma not Out 7 

Extras (b 1.1b 6, w4, nb2) 13 

Total (7 wtos. 3&4 overs) 15S 

R J Finney and O H Monensan ted not baL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-3, 2-26. 3-33. 4ft7' 1 
5-99, 8-137. 7-141. 

BOWLING: Henriloen 44)7-0; Makmson 
8-2-22-2; Austin 8-1-254); Simmons 7.4ft- 
41 ft; Abrahams 8-1-24-1 : Hughes 44-29- 

Umpires: H D Bed and R A White. 

Warwicks v Kent 


No result Warwickshire (2p!s). Kent (Z). 


M R Benson b Gtfforo — 17 

S G Hinks c Humpnge b Ferreira 50 

C J Tavare not out 5 

G R Cowdrey not out 0 

Extras (to l, w 1) 2 

Total (2 wkts. 1&2 overs) 74 

*C S Cowdrey. D G Astott, E A E BepHsto. 
R M EUson. tS A Marsh. C Penn and c S 
Dale did not baL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-52, 2-74. 
BOWLING. Parsons 3-0-16-0: Srmth 2-0- 
11-0; Kerr 5449-0; Gifford 5-0-17-1; 
Femxra 02-0-0-1. 

WARW1CKSH1 RE: A J Males. P A Smith. A 
I Kaflctrarran. Jt3 W Humraqa. Asfl Din. D 
A Thome. A M FernBfa.'G S Parsons, K J 
Ken-. *N Gdford. T A Munmn. 

Umpres: B Dutesston and R PBftner. 

- B 

J P Stephenson. AW UHey.tDEEast.TD 
Toptey. N A Foster, D L Acfiald and S 
Turner*) not baL 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-57. 2-83, 3-151 . 
BOWLING: Tennant 3-0-250; Wltay 3-0- 
31-0; De Freitas 4-0-25-1; Benjemei 4-0- 
330; Taylor 44364). 


L Potter bAcftetd 38 

- 1 


- 3 

- 1 




tS J Rhodes c Richards* Thomas — 45 

G A Hick cBu«enb Thomas 27 

D N Patel tow b firitham 31 

•P A Neale not out 25 

D B D'OHveka c Lynch bGray ; 11 

PJ Newport cFUthamb Gray 3 

NV Radford not out 4 

Extras (It) 7, w 1,nb3) 
Total (6 wkts. 40 Overs) . 

J J Whnaker e Turner b Border 

TJ Boon b Foster 

P D Bowler bAcflsU 


R K Bfingworth. J D Inchmore and A P 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-77. 209. 3-143.4- 

150. 5-I7T, 6-162. 

BOWLING: Gray 80-31-2; Doughty 8-1- 
41-0; Femrarn frO-39-1; Bu»Mi84WB-1; 
Thomas 84)45-2. 

PA J De Freitas st Eastb Border. 
W K R Benjamin c Stephenson 


fP WWttaae c East b -Foster — 

L B Taylor not out . 

R A Cobb not out 

Extras $ 2, to 3. w 1) 


A R Butcher tow b Inchmore 

G S Cfinton c Neale b Pridoeon 
M A Lynch c Inchmore b Patel _ 
A J Stewart tow b Patel 

Total (8 wkts. IB overs) . 

L Tennant dd not baL 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-53, 2-54. 3-74. 4- 

78. 5-88. 8-108. 7-108. 8-116. 

BOWLING: Topioy 3-0-23-1; Turner 4-0- 
32-0: Border 4-0-21-2 AC&ekf 3-0-25-2 
Foster 4-0-21 -2. 

Hants y Sussex 

Sussex (4pts) u Hampshire by a taster 

scoring rate. 


C G Greenidge c A Wh&s b le Roux - 43 

V P Terry tow b Reeve — 15 

D R Turner c PMIpson b la Roux 23 

R A Smith not out 57 

*M C J Nicholas e C Wells b Imran _ 34 

N G Cowley b le Roux 29 

K D James tow b le Roux . 0 

“m T E Jesty b Prtdgaan 

6 tC J Rxtiards cNeale b P 

-r= D J Thomas not oul L 

R .1 nnfmMv not out 

bPridgean , 

I Doughty no 
Extras (to 7, w 5. nb 1) 

Total (6 wkts. 38-3 overs) 191 

M A FeKham. C K BuSen and A H Gray tfd 
nor Oat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-48. 2-64. 347. 4- 

BOWLING: Radford 7.3-1-43-0; Pridoeon 
8-0-36-3: Inchmore 5-0-25-1; Patel 8-1-28- 
2; ffngwortn 8-0-344); Newport 2-0-18-0. 
Umpiras J H Harris and B J Meyer. - 

No play yesterday 

CHELTENHAM Glouces te rshire v PiSddto- 
sex (No result 2f0s ouch/. 

i James «w o w rcuux u x«L_ » i_i_ 

Extras ib 2. ib ii. w 7) _2o John Player table 

Total 18 wkts, 40 overs). 221 

M D Marshall. tR J Parts. Pj Bakker and 
C A Connor dto not baL 
FALL OF WICKETS; 1-40. 2-89-3-90. 4- 
158.5-221, 6-221. 

BOWLING: Imran 8-1-37-1; CVrtfls 84)- 
374): Reave 8-054-1: la Roux 84W0-4; 
Lenham 8-0-40-0. . 

PW0 Parker c James bBahker 1— 92 

A P Wells b Cawley 83 

Imran Khan c James b Bakker 19 

CM Wslsnatout 11 

)J Gould not out 2 

Extras (b'4. 1 b 5, w 3) : 12 


Worthams (5) 

P W 

12 8 

Total (3 wkts. 35.1 overt). 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-147. 2-162. 3*1 96. 
BOWLING: Connor 8-0-32-0; James 4.1- 
02(H); BaW»r74M6-2; Marshall 8-034- 
Q; Cowley 6-OS8-1. 

Notts (12) 

Yorkshire (6) 
Sussex (2) 
Glamorgan (14) 
Kent (10) 

Warwicks (6) 
Derbyshire w 
Lancashire (14) 
L«cs (6) 
Middlesex (12) 
Surrey n 7) 


L Nr 

2 2 

16 6 
12 5 
12 6 

!1 3 
13 2 
12 3 

T PtS 
0 36 

6 1 
S 2 
9 0. 

1985 posiboos in brackets 


Neumann opens her account 

Lisdotte Neumann, aged 20. 
of Sweden, who won last year’s 
European women's open golf 
championship at Ivingswood, 
Surrey, registered her first vic- 
tory of the professional season 
at ihe Olching Club. Munich, 

With a final round of 67. five 
under par. to equal Gillian 
Stewart's course record of Fri- 
day. Miss Neumann finished on 
2S2. six under par. two strokes 
ahead of Alison Nicholas, of 
Yorkshire. Miss Stewart, a for- 
mer Scottish champion, scored 
72 yesterday to share third place 
with Peggy Conley, of the 
United States, on 28S. 

riding his Olympic gold medal 
horse. Charisma, won his first 
team award at the Lumuhlen 
three-day event yesterday. With 
Lucinda Green (Shannagh) and 
lan Stark (Charlie Brown), be 
formed a unique Common- 
wealth team to take part in the 
team competition. Todd also 
convincingly won the individual 
title, finishing with a score of 
only 34.20 penalty points. 
SKIING: High winds again 
forced the postponement of the 
first downhill World Cup race of 
the season at Las Lenas. Argen- 
tina. yesterday. Officials hope to 
stage the event today. 

Holmes, the former Welsh 
Rugby Union international, 
scored his first try in Rugby 
League football as Bradford 
Northern crushed Mansfield 
Marksmen 68-12 in a friendly at 
Alfreton yesterday. 

TENNIS: Miloslav Mecir 
claimed his first grand prix 
triumph of the season yesterday 
after a five-sei struggle against 
Andres Gomez. The sixth- 
seeded Czechoslovak captured 
the SI 50.000 KiizbuebeL tour- 
nament in Austria by beating 
Gomez 6-4. 4-6, 6-1. 2-4, 4-3. In 
a three-hour final. 



Second ComhiB Teal match 
(11-0. BO overe mWnHim) 

TRENT BRIDGE: England v New 

Britannic Assurance 
County ChamfMfuftfp 
(1 1 jO. 1 10 overs minimum) 

BUXTON: Derbyshire v Lancashire 
CHELTENHAM: Ooucs V Mttdtesax 
Sussex ' - 

LEICESTER: Leicestershire v Essex 
amptonshire v Somerset 
THE OVAL:- Surrey - v 

EDGBASTON: Warwickshire v Kent 
HEADINGLEY: Yorkshire v 
Glamorgan • 

Sn Luka. 


Bediont BfldfcxdaMre-v NonhumbariandL - 

Chestar Cheshire w Oxlordshlre. 
W ad ebridg w Cornwall v DorseL. Barrow: 
Cumboriand v Uncolnsttre: Marine: 
BuctongtamsWre v Devon. 


BQWUfc BA national d w ir *to iBhlpe fat 
Worthing): Women's national champion- 
stips (at Leamington Spa). 

CROQUET: Croquet Association v Irish 
CA (ot Carrlckmlnes); 'NoUingham 

cycling: Kaliogg't city centre race , (at 

GOLF: GUIs' home XHeniali m i u ls (at Went 
M Kk teG C^^ ^I boys' chsmpionalxpa 

yffiDWAY: Mfoteod *Cup: H«ang v 
Coventry: British League; WOWarfn n ipwi* 
V BeRe Vue. NaifonSLMQiM: Exeter 
MiktenriatNewcastfa v Btoringhsm. 
SWIMMNG: Esso ege^nxip ctampkn- 
ships (ai Leeds). 

TCNNISs Paxtential Sussex Open (n west 
Worthing ‘ LTC); Prudential Junior 
( toan sxorafaliat^ E aatoo te ne ) . 
YACHTING; Quart er-Toh .Cup (at 


pays off 
in style 

Falsteibo, Sweden (Reuter) - 
Peter Senior, the Australian, 
who took a calculated risk by 
turning his. back on the US toui 
to play m Europe; held off a 
local challenge to win the PLM 
Open yesterday. 

Senior, aged 27. three times a 
winner on his home soil, shot a 

68 for an 1 1 -under- par total ot 
273 to win by two strokes from 
the Swedish players. Mats Lan- 
ner (67) and third-placed Ove 
Sellberg (66), on 276- 

A portion of Senior's £19,500 
prize will go towards the fine he 
can expea for quitting the US 

Td won only $2,500 in 12 

American events and bad lost all 
confidence.” be said. “I derided 
lO-Teiurn to Europe and now I've 

won almost £40,000 in about 
eight weeks." 

Senior, whose wife, June, 
caddies for him, scored five 
"birdies in the space of seven 
holes on his inward nine after 
beingbriefly caught by Sellberg. 

Three consecutive birdies 
from-the short Llth killed off the 
Swedish challenge. 


Mist 69. 72. 64. 68. 275: M Lamer (Swo). 

73. 70. 65. 67. 278: 0 SeJtoerp (Swrt. 76, T ArmourfUSf 70. 88. 70, 
69. 278: D Russell (GB), 71. 65, 70. 72: G 
Turner (NZ>. 68. 66. 72. 71; G BraocSJGB) 

69 70 70 6#. M Persson (Sure) 71. 70, 71. 
ri8. 279: R Staiwort (Can) 

Darcy (Irp). 76. 70, 66, 68. 

72. 68. 73. 66. 28 D DumWl 

Lww M (LB?re] B ^ ta S r . S T ocwm 
(GB). 73. 68, 69; 70; G Mareh (Aurt. TO. 75. 
66. 69; R Hsrtmarai (US). 6& fia73. 70: M 
Moutand (GB). 72. 72. 71. 65; I Bakar- 
Flnch (Aw). 73, 67, 72, 68. 281: B Law 
(GB). 65.73. 

74, 68, 69, 68; E 

i). 65. 73. 69,74; C MootJyJGB). 71.72. 
72: M Mcleen (GB), 71.70. 70. 70; R 

Smith (US). 68. 69, 7SL 71; B Mwchbank 

(GB). 71. 67. 72. 71: D Faberty (GB). 73, 
>0. 73. 65. 28to R BoxaH (PBL75. 69. 89. 
69; A Murray (GB). 70. 70. 7a 70. 283; M 
Roe (GB). 75. 70. 68, 70. 284: J Rivero 

Waters (GB). 72. 70. 67. 76; D Bsy((»). 
' \74. 68; A Forab ra nd (Swe). 76. 70. 

74.69.74. 88; A Forabrand (SweJ.7 
71. 68; G Turner (GBL 69. 71. 76. 

69: J 

O'Leery (lrej.75. 87, 73.70; 0 Smyth (Ire). 
75. 69, 68. 73. 286: M Martin (Sp). 74. 71. 

86. 75; Q Branri Jr (GB). 74, 88. 73. 71; P 
Parkin (GB). 74.71, 70. 71. 287: M James 
(GB). 70. 72. 76. 79. 289; E Dusseit (Fr). 


Starostin’s attack 
wins him his 
second world title 

From Michael Coleman, Montecatini Terme, Italy 

Nothing could stop Anatoly 
Starostin. of the Soviet Union, 
from winning the world 
championship here yeste rday 
Not even the hero-worshipped 
Daniele Masala, of Italy, die 
Olympic gold medal winner in 
Los Angeles. Starostin immtth- 
ately attacked in the final 4,000 
metres cross country run, dou- 
bling by the 1 . 500 m mark the 
17-second advantage he had 
earned at the time-handicapped 
start. But the Russian's opening 
charge turned out to be un- 
necessary for Masala had al- 
ready settled for, at best, second 

“I am not stupid,” Masala 
told me when questioned just 
after He had finished a gasping 
third behind colleague Cano 
Massullo. **1 knew I could never 
catch Starostin. What matte red 
was to hold off Dobi the 
Hungarian who started close 
behind me, save my strength 
and then draw away before the 
finish. The team was so vitaL 

Massullo who started 59 sec- 
onds after Starostin bad pulled 
back 41 seconds on Masala, 
running with Dobi. by halfway 
and then lengthened to streak 
home for the silver. 

Masala held the bronze place, 
not wbat Italy really desired, bui 
for a man of 31, married and 
with a child, who has been at the 
top since fourth place at the 
Olympics in Montreal of 1976. 
it was a praiseworthy perfor- 

So it was Starostin s second 
worid title — he won in 1983 — 
after taking the Olympic gold in 
1980. Attila Miszer, the defend- 
ing champion from Hungary, 
finished 10th. The Hungarian 
also had to concede first team 
place to the Italians with die 
French winning the bronze. 
Irina Kiselyeva, the Soviet 19- 
year-otd, took the women’s title 
with 5,323 points. 

Our women won the team 
run. Wendy Norman indeed. 

(Hun) ugj : A ASM JUjp Sgfc 

(Pol) 524ft 

(GB) 4.780. TteM! i, Italy 16.M9; 2. 
Hungary 15.993: 3. France 15.627: 4. 
Poiaid 15^80; 5. Scwat Urawr 15JM3L 8. 

Czechoslovakia. 15079. & Britain KS91. 

Duran fighting on 

Roberto Duran, of Panama, 
the three-times former world 
boxing champion, plans to con- 
tinue competing despite a 
humiliating defeat last month 
against' Robby Sims, of the 
United States. He said: “I'll 
keep fighting until I think I rant 
win any more." Defeat by Sims, 
the WBA’s fourth-ranked 
middleweight, was considered 
by many to mark the end of the 

Panamanian ’s career. 


BRITISH LEA&JE: Ptay-o<fK Manchester Al 
Stara 27, Lukm Flyera 29; Fytda FMoons 38, 
Loads Cougars 14. 

LEAGUE: Sacond round ploy 
Otymptans 50. WraMn Grants 
ft London Raws SftCttffmsfbra Charakao 

ortscSCaattiam ( 




C8WE& Royal Southern YacMCtob Regatta 

SatradByt Oaat I iCoronmion Bcw* 1. 
Fwar row OWhQ; 2. Yograan XXVI (Sr tow 
Aatoere 3. Sdawmdor (J Oswald). Ctaas B 
noMBBowl): 1. BatWeca(StrMnuiKoLalngS 
, TTm Spoars (E G Byrnot 3. Aca (Dr K 
tuU). can tu (Cororai-on Cupv i . traati*- 
bto (J Btoby and M Hooted 2. CKy Lady (D 
- 3. Ckirai Pmu (A Wdw*l 

i Cupt 1. Monster Gobbler I 


COPENHAAGBfc Tour ot Dmti fWk 

Stag# (KoMng id Odansoa. i06knft Jokt 

rat 1. wm PoppaiJNaB 
41 sec 2. H Fnspn (Bel). Ssoc 

Noth). 2tir 22no 

behlneta, M 

m nSRN QHAM : My Crast AAA uader-20 

, Marin e JUrior 

lOOnc 1. D Klnon miahMS VSOey). I0.62sac. 
Junior 400nc 1 . G Patterson ffidnbura).4754. 
Junior 4D0r) hutSox 1. P CampbM 

52A0. Junor BOOre 1. K McKay Kale), into 

51.77S8C. Youtos triple )anp: 1. P CempbeB 
(Woooford). 15.19m (ctun TO onshlp best). 

Yaatanter. ZOQoc M Adam (Btoraaw Ham- 

era). 21.0980c. 1500m: S KaMay OtaHax 
Harriers), 3mn 52_05sec. 5500m: D Smith 
(Ttxtondge), 142857. lUha hurdam D 
Nelson (Wotvarhampton). 1421 sac. 2JW0m 

atBegiechraa: T- Hanlon (Edinburgh), fimin 

41.18UC lojnom wale O Stone (Steyrtiag). 
45mto lafiasoc. Polo *amt R Pnafos 

(Hor ma nCn). 4.00m. Htfi lump: A Hu ttf ln M n 

(HarciMS Wimbledon). 256m. Long faap: 0 
GomeraasrMBron Ksynoto. 751. Tr*le Jump: 
L Lynch (Hanofloy). IMTiti. H a totoor . A 
Totautt (West . uxidtxi Ha mmer School). 

59.46. dIkuc S Ayra (Morpeth), 40.12m. 

Stab M Simpson (Thurrock). 1453. Javatoe 
M Robertson (Haringey) TftWm: 

WOOD OREEtfeGBE Mm’s Gold Cep mmI- 

Onatl.l - ~ — 


Wc ._ 

Gtouonter. 63. Karbraay and Btockheeth 

naL GRE nfcmen'a J 

Japa(H Darter and MUrwtnt 2. Joint Venture 

jRStojata^^Hadganog (MBafcer-Hrabart. 

qualhr tor final < 

s a a i i - l nal : 1." Croydon. 95: 2, Houmkn*. 

3. Bartngey, 70; 4, Southampton. 70: 5. 

BranMy.67: 6. Exotar. 53:7. Betgmve. 57; 8, 
Woking, 45. Croydon and Htxaulow quafcty 
torBnaL - 

Afanhought (W antfB'Jaodba): 5L ftuasl (I (R 
and J Mil Ste-Motar dasa; 1 . Scouodrai (B 
Owsnl; Z Rasta Dazzle frl Runal and T 

Street). Beta* Ctaas: 1. Vtasn (F O'Neil): 2. 

Shamal (M SchnOXt- 3. Paradgm JM Lacey 

and K PsiieswT. Darina QnMc i. Dwwet (T 

Statdon and J Hunmnord); 2. Deatoerata (R 

Loughbnou^i); 3. Defiant (R Canto and C 

Pony). Dtaocm Clasa (Syfctikta Bo«nh i. 

Ganymede V (PWtaont 2. rainkaa Doom (J 
Brimfc 3. ft* 0 MacOonaML Swaiovr 
" ‘ ~ ' ek 1. Boomerang (J Buckwrt 

" " yndrilt (M Luton and W 
-Walter Blount and A 

i Clasa: 1, Redstart (J 

todMdtui stark 1. H-H Oersted (Oen). 27mn 

OZ0Omk 2. J V Poderaan (Den). 27:KL0Q; 3. J 
WOrra (Dan), 27:1510.4. J Maroman (CM. 
2727.10: 5 A Pwper (Au*. 273 550; ft J 
Mdmn(Nsih). 27 ^30. OveraB stamtapK i. 

Jnrare (Den). 24hr 40mm 48 ibc; Z 4 V 

Pedersen pen), one sec behind: 3. J 

Marcussan (Den). I2sec behind; 4, Jtadam 

Ifltfi). same oma; 5 A Fspar (Am). 22»c ft 
_ Otwwboech (NethL39soc. 

ANGERA. Italy: 251km Three Vtotoye race 

Hasan wrisn stated): 1. G Btxitempi. 6hr 

Jlnwi 5sac Z P Gavazzc 3. R Pagnta: 4. p 

SerrafSw^; 5 S OottgK 5 F Moser, an aamo 
tana as BornonM. 

TtetE HUALSc wsetotiny RC (100 rntot 1. 1 
Dow (Oxford City RCL 4hr-ianto 2 Smk. 

Team: Readtog CC. 13r1 7 09 Shropshire CA 

(100 mitos):1.B Morris (MW Shropshire WhL 

1:1957. Team: Mkf Stoopshre Wh. 13^0.40. 

| BounVMKWth Arrow (50 mfleaf 1,G Long land 

(AnMopa- RT). F.47.1& -Teaw Atetopa HT. 

540j07vCtaHeatam Cooaty Wh(50nales^ i, 

HtetoteHFeston Phk2A49. Terac Weston 

Southend CwmtyURt C50 mBesfc 

to (Wren Wh). 1:49.1. Women; P 

kern CO. 2731. O ltUm CC (SO 

■■Mirntm). 1:57.1. | 

C BraokftWeston 

Wll 521 Jn; South 

1. P Hamilton 


Team: Setoy CC 6^659. CMNantam County 

Wh (50 mlieto; 1. C Sroota (Weston Pti), 

„TeanWuton Wh. 631 28. Sotobwd 

County Wh (SO mtott 1, P Kamfton (Wan 

Wh). 1H9.1. Women: PSbong (WyovemCO. 
2:731. CSfton CC (50 rates): 1. B Sykes 

(Doncaster WhL 1^7.1 Taanc Setoy CC. 

&«59. CtoMteya RC HOO nrias): 1, 8 
Swaesnam (Preston Wh). 4:4.17. Traec 

Preston Wh 1Z4&52. Nor* London CC (50 

mMest 1. M Goat* (Manchester Wh), 1:5l_9. 

Taanc Manchester Wh. 53827. Women; J 

CMcago White Sox 12. UtemAao Brewers 6: 
Tores Rangers 9, Toronto Blue Jays 7; 

Ctetotna fogefc 6. Seatfla Mariners 4; 

Oakland Athtabcs 5. M ton esot a TWns Z 

Giants 8: Houston AstrosS, StoiDtego Patkes 
ft St LouWCaidmls 3. PRatxa\Finatas 1: 
Cncrmati Retfc 4, Los. ------ "-■ * " 

and ClnckinaB 5. Lera Anodes 1. : 

' Yankees 

Kansas City Royals Z hBnmaom. Twins g, 
Oakland Athtebcs Z CKwetond Indians 8. 

Baltimore Onoles Z Boston Red Sox 8. 

Detroit Foots 7; hBwaukae Bmwets 1. 

CMcago Wm Sox ft Cafifomfa Angtos 5. 

Seanto Marmara ft Texas Rargn 7. Toronto 

Blue Jays G. National Laagaec Gtnckmati 

Reds 6. Los Angeles Dodgers 2: Philadelphia 

Phttes4. Chicago Cubs ft New York Mats 10. 

Montreal Expos ft Pittsburgh Phsias 8. St 

Louis CanJrtate Sr. Houston Astras 6. San 

Diego Padres ft San Francisco .Giants 4. 

Atlanta Braves 3. 

deaaltRCYC Cwrt 1. FormktoHe (P VW 

LBackfashfranoC Hemnq):S. Touch Too 

MhveS). Class B: i. RamsSctoe (D Grtow 

Su. • - 

Stttwek). Class 

2, Rotar State (J Dare and A 

ftXeoho (DrNetoXJiY anrfP LeacM. Ckratil 

1. Spelt (M Spmks);2. htsatiabla (JBtoby and 
MHeatoy); 3. Goud Reaxma (R 
V; 1. Pntova u (F wakari; Z Ctan wto (J 
Hayman); 3. NWidde (G Gras). Ctaaa Vt 1. 
T7w Bying Rsh id HopWrak 

3. Damum (D Guy and J Tatty). I 
RuosGtR and J cbtlnk 2. Etona (D Steele); 3, 

rirt (A m) Stoma Clasa: 1. 

_ “ T ; 2. Vtokyra ol 

' of 


Sumy Sato (Jp (R Umoert). J24 Ctesm 1, 

Tigor (J Anderson). Sh e M e tre Okras 1. 
ScoufsKel (B Owen); Z PettHa (W 
WMahousa-Vaux); 3. Razzia Dazzle (T 

Ruesel and T Street). Dctral Ctow 1. Vboen 

in*l l •■HI wmu uug. 

Yorkahbe CFHOOmBas): 1 . BBureor (Condor 

RO.ft58.41. Team: Bradford Wh. 1&2644. 

National junior champtonN*) (TowOHM) 

* 1,C Boardmon (ManrtMtarWh^ 


3. S York 

. Team: 

RC (0 Davies. R Legg. N Mknj. 

ROAD RACE: Tour of Cm Ootawokia (119 

mSBS): 1. R Donna (Angte Sport). 5c0 St: Z I 

Norris (Baroesbury CQ. at htet length; 3, N 
Bohop (ABC CenowlK). at lengtfu Ktog of 
the a xxa tt rara N Bohop. JT Atidraon 

(Hsrtopooll protustonaL fza mfles): 1. W 

WcJtson (Falcon), 1:7.00. Z M Doyle 
(ModuoeQ, at halt' length: 3 C Whorton 
“ “ R wheel. Denton Cyetaa 

Bread), at 

msec}-. 1. R 
mpta). 2JO.S2. 

‘ 1. M Jones 


ee m rp Dyaa end D B6mu£Z Yankee 
DootSa (J Bran); 3. Rascal (J Fttrchld one R 
Dowting). Hying XV ClaeK 1. Spanish Lator 
U Tarry); z. spectre U (D Buthertord); 3. 
Gandanu Hunt). XOD Ctaaa: 1. Crumpet (P 
; ft Vega (D Petonk 3, Urawhqtz III (M 



A Oe Minsk, OSSRt Soxtet UrtWl 103. BiaS 

35: BJgwa 82. BrazSTft Canada S5-Soum 

Fft WOrid HoWeCattt 
I Metcalfe (Ausfc 2. E 

Korea w. Sonet Unkxie&Coba 82; Cube 83. 

Sooth Korea 56: Canada 87. Bulgaria 63. 
Group B pi Vantost Untied Suras 105. 


8ft China 74 : 


Hungary 79. Auatraka 77; Hungary 77, Tarwui 

57: Silna 17. Austrafta 57; U%d Stttaa 89. 
CzeenostowMa 81. 


I^AI MNCTWSPAtlAwipttoliiyicltxtolnaur . 

anco C ix ri sh mnnrt national c h a mp ion- 

obteftife Semi WialrMBrtl and S Jones 
(BrEfoorO tx J Vais and C Woastar (Raynes 
MrigTl8-i5: F Brawn and G Lyle (Townend. 
St Atoans) be Y Groom mi S NchaOs 
(Samerseri. 19-14. Knob Brawn and Lye M 
Bril and Jones 26-11. 


NORTHERN TROPHft Bradtord 3ft SteffleM 

mmm LEAGUE: Bate. Vue 35. 

H88* 43. GOVOTBy 36. r 

Kkna Lym 25- Reading 49. 

NATIONAL LEAGUE^ Eastbourne 5ft Boston 
2S natmnt. G KOmett bt A Hama): 
Carfcburyae, Poole C stoke Si; R» 
Houu26. ' 

KNOCKOUT CUP: Quartan-taal, drat tog: 
B erwM t42:PBter1jotaqi36. • • ■ 
PETHIBOinUGH: iMonol League Foots: 
Hret se m Mlal Arana &sex 18. MMenhefl 
12. Edtotxxtfi 11. Easttxxjmo 7. Second 
■oraMtaafc mtatos&nxigh .16. Hadmey 13. 
Stoke IV Pooto ft itaEiMaranWi is. 
Arana Esse* M. Hackney li.lfidenhallB. 
3HgmEL D: iDtet nall on to. Entfand 8ft Urat- 
u States 48.' 

VOJSO. Denmark: Worid tom diamploo- 
Danmarit. 48 pte; Z 

SftWMcCoXU. — 

WhMutte I Youto. 66; A Brooks. 68. 3fffc r, 

S McAsSer. TZ 21ftJChkas. 67; W 

cpHCOm. Msssschusetts: Dlglttl PGA So- 

Uiaed States! fax 

Ttouni 7. C Mortal 5. SOonuA* V W Ewtte 
Ok 4, Swodon ig. OenmalE ebenpunsviWi 
one lag reownmg. 

- - .Carolina: 

tomn am raL LeadtoqttiH round 

SSf 0 "-® 8 - 89. 6B. 207: B WrS 
70. 67. 70. 208: D Massey. 7ft 71. E7; j 

earner, 89. 69. 70. 21ft N Uxmz. 71.89. 70. 

fiSPH «ti. »l. 7ft8fcWtar. 73, 99. 

Tasilwr. 73. 88.69. 


and Ireland vContment ot 

Mtind Fouratxnoc: U 

Cotanent at Europe 3 Yr. w Hamy and S 

awtoy test to L Hwne and J Hasgream. 3 and 

ZG King A Tan lost » Pfetoitm and 
HWWL1 We; J Bennett and J Leo halved 
•dto M and M MONK P GrXtei and ti 

&£SSSr£S^Sj‘ ISLI 

A 1. BSMtttetB HMbtail 

^as"«i5r 5 "a£, , a5 t c M 


Rapid Viaima 5: Austria Vienna 5. LASK Unz 

1 . VOEST Linz 4. Vteima 1 : Bsenstaat 2. OAK 
Graz i; FC Ted «. Austna Kianwtont 1; 
Vienna SportcM? 2. Adm<ra mcker i. 

Uattingpcrailiona: 1, FC TtoL lOptKft Rapid 

Vienna- 6: 3. Austria Wanna. B. 


0:1*0. Bordeaux ft Toulon 0. Nantes ft 

Awuxra 1. Parte Satat-Gemialn 2: Won 1 . 
Rennes ft Sam-Blanne 0. Nanq ft Met? 5, 
Stxtoaux 1: Laval 1. Lens i: z 

►Monaco 1; Ratti ng CK* Pans 2, Le Havre 1. 

POUSH ASST imiSKNb GKS Katowice S, 

L«to» Mtareaw ft Sta) Mwtoe ft PcQan 

Szczecin 1: Stask Wroctew 2. PotontaOsSm 

Q. LKS Lodz 0. QornUt Waibrrycn 1: Lficft 

Poznan 3. Zegleble LutWl 1: Lecraa Gdansk ft 

Gomtk zatxze ft Rueh Chomw 1, oempta 

Poznan I.Poatponad; Motor LubfinvWdzew 

SWISS FIRST DIVISION: Aaiatl ft Nouchatri 

Xamax 5: BaOnzona 2. St GaBen ft La Cnaur- 

deFonda ft Wetangan 4; Sematto Gonawft 

Luoemo 1; Ston 3. Bute t: Veveyl. Lausanne 

4: Young Ban 2. Locarno ft Zurich ft 
Grassh appera Zurich 1. 


Leverttusen 4. Scftslke 2. Sawn Munkto ft 


? * Borussa Donmu* Z 

<“ Kaaonlautnm 4.- raw 

Kaaerstautam 4; Bottooai 3. Cotogno l ; 

Breracht Frankhat 5. Fortum Due^toftft 

Werdar awnen 5, Nuremberg 3; FC Hamtun 

0. Bayor Uanknoen Z W aM hot MaratoOW ft 



5**5gp«U> REGATTA: Bobta: Htit » 

Madenhaad. % tenotn, 2wtn Set SaMorft 

Eton Exctostar. '/J. 230. Senior Cs OMotd 

Ctteegea. a. £49. Fobs: EB» B: MWdan- 

head. I^L Z£Z Etoe coxtosa: Maidenhead, 

J jL 244. Senior B ctntosm WrtrigtonLA 

3.07 Samor A ooxe* knpettai Cofega. ML 
3:05. Senior C: Vesta, tik 3:10. Woatort 
jeraor A: Mariow/Mawenhean. i&L JM- 

Women's sealer & Tharnet, BL 

Women's senior C: MauanhwuL KL 339. 



SNEnernM: Lucaa StBtoh Fdritato Ihrtw 

cbMptoMUp (25 ftp*, tip- distance 1-9 

ririW 1, M S Sate Aaztftftalt RTausmto 
1ft53eta 2. D Wf. Rak V(T3a,iic2b.TJ: 3.P 
Radhacti (NZ). Ratt RT30. 262364. Paata* 
top: Sate. 1i43 flOBJBtpph). 

00^ 28fcL0a«M.Sa. 7ft 

■S«SS« , S»4^ 

75.8ft MKbeh(WG. amateur). 

M Marshall flJSkTftMl 

71,7ft 71. 7ft 



K0Z8tSHEL: ItoeTa- grhodjpric Otofto^ 

fiaato: J NystramlSM)«H de te Pm (Aite. 
8*M. 6-1: E Sanchez (Sp) Ml* Ja* ujia 
64. B-3. SetaMnois: A-.Gotnpz (Efl « 

Sanchez. 6-fc M; M Meor4C4« Hyw«L 

withdrew betaremoWt due* 5MY. Ptab 
Mater tit GoiWte, 64. Aft 6-1. ftft BaL* 
ILKLEYr Ciartto Bri waYa pafcyOpe roFirrato 

(08 unless stand): Hen> w«P McNa- 
meretAiH) btS Shaw. SftB^Kywbmrarti 
atogiio: T Pnca (SA) ta T Catkn. 7ft, 6-1 
gSTri^mgawei* H M teBOd tit J 

Foavei end R Dryi^ M ^OVtanen^ 

donhtao: J Tacon andCtota bt L BrarateWd 

Lpogtxxtom. 7ft. 

HAWPewet LTA Vofauapw rt fagetovr- 

■HHtr M fisOl: M COritoto TAt&PS Ofl. 

Sftftft 64L watMte-tene.T Langttan bu) 

Snel.dft.G4. . .. ‘ : - _ 

WEUJNQTOtfe - Triangular inletuaUuiuii 

^a g naora«:iteS l a5tenanS^ 

f p nsMar u : r.- AuatraCa: Z New 




ly yaL S W. sa. Senior C: FCtelw 
tM aden hoM). i«L aas. Women's unto* ft 
S Mordam (fiteldameaift easily. 4:1ft 


»»«0. FtoBn* World Cup: IS 

tam 1. J van den Berk Miltin 10 



Ji « nuawan (730oc sw 


P8pua ^ InMr- 

nwwi'tmsi cfl tMO-metcfT SMteok Phua 


Otfsr (73^ 

nti n j. 3 ^- ^j^ P^O^nto ^ o i En r 1 


gUEHOS ^ Ames.- Arnomtoa Ra*r ^ 
Lomas.. Sa^temn 2 fl aate 2»,4 

{Swi. Pngotx. SM):42; 4. j Rera««(jW 

^iGrite) SttoBru. 714644:9. EfSPftS 

741.43; 10. B Cra*n.|B4> ,«*■ 

being the fesicst of foeday and 
scoring 1-290 points. This feet 
had to be pointed out to the 
organizers who originally had 
given Norman 73 points less. 
They finished in this order 
Norman I8lh (4,947 points). 
Teresa Ptirton. 20lh (4,818), and 
Louise Ball, 29ih (4.659). Back 
in 1983 we were worid cham- 
pions, but the rest have moved 

RESULTS Wtmrar Ctoaa «W*r J. K 

2. P &wtb NiaWn (Den), 1.255; ftL Baa 
(GB), 1 .230; 4. W Normon (QB).-I ^90; ft K 


Final pMfttorec 1. I K^yswJUSSfft 
ft32ft- 2, S More^gj^ T 

Stol^NSSfi). ftS^SrS Craps 
(WG). 5^03: 8 JH Zhono (ChtoiLftlSi; 7. 

Bran ( PoQ.S.10 1: 10. C 

Mtoiwr (ft*). W* ll' W 

Norman. 4.947: KLT Purton. fttlftv » L 
BaL 4,659. OvanH toamsr 1. Sovtet 
Union, 15A12: 2, Francs. 15J3B: ft West 
Garmany. 15,096; 7. MMIUKJtei 
Final rewria: 1, A Sttrosm (USSR) 5363 
points frtdtag 1.004. tenctog 1JWL sjjm. 

mmg 1228. ahootmol JJ2Z ran 1.240fc Z 
C MassuOo (in 5/63: ft D Masala (to 
S.4 aTlD 6« (Hun) 5.404; ft MKaaifo 

gz) 5.40ft 6,_D_Bcx*e (Fra) Tj. 

9. M 

»-': r • • 

-'■ii* 1 


.J4V' 1 



<• • 


.'LW «. 

: : 

*-•“ \ . . 


• t.-s.’* 



*1 < 

N ^ 

»d world! 

•Utrtvmau.M, Ml A 

Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

*v;,« t i:.. . 

t». ; 

■ W'.ici,'.., 

*1 linU ‘.I. 
j* wnn-'i . 


* J 

!'• mu . 



■in «. .ijv • 
N» !h- ... 

iji-i *1.1. i 
tKM m-i.i.. 

•:iJ '■ M ,. . 


. • . 
l *..V ura:: • 
!>-*»'« :• 
Milrii . * 

tv;. ,'. ;• 

1\ itl i •: 

-■ : . 

» , i . 

• M *-,. 

. !*• 


"i.j ’ hfc 

: :,il I 1 

. ’* w *c n , 

" ■ .*-:»> 


••• ^!?i 

- .3»v 

■ ^ ijS 

. .?:-A 

(LOO Ceefax AM. 

&50 BreeJrf ast Ttae with Frank 
Bough and DebMe 
Greenwood. Weatoerat 
(LS5, 7.25, 7*55, 825 and 
455; regional news, 
woather and traffic at 657, 
7.27, 7.57 and*27i 
national and international 
newsat 7.00, 7.30, &0Q, 
630 and 920; sport at 
720 and 8L30; pop music 
gossip at 732; and a 
review of ttwrowrtn^ 

guests include Maureen 

6.15 Good 

Diamond and Adrian 
Brown. News with Gordon 
tonByoombe at 630. 730, 
730, 8.00 , 830 and 930; 
sport at 630 and 7-40; 
exercises at 635; cartoon 
at725; pop musk: at7-5S; 
and Jffnmy Greaves’s 
835., .• ,• . 

IK- .1. 1 . 

s ii-’-t 

i- • 


»n\ u ;- 
ib. !*• . 

> i* *».?» ir 


n;.»v: :: w . . 


* teijl 

«■ > •« 

: r»(Ml 

^ur-an fighti^, 

■ ^ 

■ r * «W£' 
'J* 1 * . 

' K;L‘ 

^i,V; S 

\ "ante 
,,n -'a- u> 

'• 1 1 1 '• .jl" 

"‘••w.. ss 

. V 

. :■ . , vr.;.il' 


..■fit *■' 

as?0 DodteyDo-ffloftt Cartoon 
series. 935 Stas. 
Adventures of a young 
man who runs away from 
a circus, (r) (Ceefax) 950 
Newaround Special 
Defivety Wrodoced 
John Craven from the 
stage of the Radio 1 . 
Roadshow at Wastoo- 
J ■ super-Mare 955 The 

AdVenhiras of BuHwinkte 
and Rocky. Part 1 1. (rt 
1030 Why Don’t Yoil. ideas for 
kfle youngsters, (r) 1035 
The Adventures of 
BuBwinide mid Rocky. 

Part 12. (r) 1030 Ptay 

1030 Cndcet Second Test The 
opening session of the 
fourth Cray's play in the 
game atTrent Bridge 
between England and New 

- 135-News After Noon with 
Laurie Mayer, Includes 
news headlines with 
subtitles 130 Regional 
news and weather. 135 
Postman Pat (rt 

. 1.40 Cricket Second TesL 
Further action from Trent 
Bridge. 423 Regional 

. 425 The Roman Holidays. 
Cartoon series set In 
Ancient Rome 450 Hekfi. 

. . Drama serial about a 

^ourgoiphan girt living in 

5.15 Fame. More dramas 

involving the students and 
staff of New York's School 
of Performing Arts. In Otis 
epteode the stars of 
j tomorrow come to the 

assistance of the janitor, 
once a vaudeville star, 
who is iHegafly shettering 
in the maintenance room 
an old friend and 
. - professional rival wtio is 
down on his luck, (rt 
; 6.00 -News with fficholas 

Vtfitchell and Philip Hayton. 

. 635 London Phis. 

: 7.00 Wogan. The guests 
•; Indude Fanny Craddock, 

Jenny Seabrook, and. with , 
a song. Tina-Tumer 

* 735 The nick ’n 1 ROB Years. 

1970 -the year that 
Nixon's pcftcy on : 

Cambodia led to the 
deaths of four protesting ! 
students; George Best 
- stars on the football field; , 
and the age of majority { 
camedown to 18. Musical 
memories are provided by, 
among others, Edison 
Lighthouse, Jethro TuiJ, 
and Deep Purpte- 
835 What a u»ry On. C£ps 
Jrom films in the- 
' : njocessfotCarry On 

series of comemes. 

• 830 Wilderness Road. Cage, 

Moon l and Nancy do fnelr 
reluctant landlord of their 
local info the 1980s. He - 
has been ordered to 
" smarten up his pubthat. 

> has not been touched 

•; since the Fifties. 

■ 930 News with JufiaSomervfle 
and Andrew Harvey. 

Regional news ana 

930 Fighting Back. Part two of 
the drama serial starring 
Hazel O’Connor. With her 
children taken into care, 

Viv is in a depressed state, 
r But a gleam of hope 

comes in the shape of 
Gabriel who finds her a 
bed in a local squat 

- 1020 Come Dancing. Home 
Counties North meet 
Home Counties South for 
a piece in the final. 

1135 Turns. In the last of the 
series Jimmy Perry 1 
remembers, among 
others, Flotsom and 
Jetsam, and Charles 
Coburn, (r) 

1135 Weather. 


9*25 Thames news headfoes 
followed by Janet and 

6nk between a 
choreojpapher mid a cook 
. 955 The Mountain Mon. A 
documentary about Rocky 
Mountain trappess 10.10 
B ob ostocy. French-made 
1 cartoon series. 

1035 British Achieve m e nt 
ProfBes of six young 
engineers wolfesg m 

•ARhough it applies 
^aaficaiiy to toragltfs Open 

Pakistani md^te^ritain, the 
sub-titte STATE OF UMBO 

a^^te^onthe^oft^ JSt 
episode of Gareth Jones's drama 
fflWI, aaOpm), because Hmbo 
b exactly where the deeply 
(fistraught yo ind mother (Hazel 
O'Comorihas fetched tip, 
now dmrnmd of her two children 
and stifl trying to stop them 
faffing Into the dutches of their 
fathers who continue to make 
her flfe such a misery. This gritty 
comedy-drama has some- 
thing or the gusto and rich 
chara c t eri za tion of early Dfckans, 
and director Paul Seed Iras 
utffized the more unattractive 
features of twentieth century 
Bristol jut as effectively as 

Dickens, in OUmrTwist. i 
the less salubrious nooks 
crannies of nineteenth 
century London. 

The Open Space 
documentary breaks new 
because it b not about 
Pakistanis who have put< 
their roots in British soil. 
These me the 

Zia. If, and when, 
they wffl go back, 
they are In Bmbo. Hap 
those who are free to. 
sings an Asian poet in 
Nam's film. Happiest o. 

a , are those -Bke 

earlier this year ■ 

are able to sink their rw 
into they native sol 
• Webern being a mini) 

situations 1130 The 
Worries. Cartoon series 
about a croup of bears 
1125 Wattoo wattoo. 
Cartoon adventures of a 
flying fish bird. 

1130 About Britain: Tim 
Phoenix and the 
Lev ia t han . The city of 
Plymouth's uneasy 
relationship with the Royal 

1230 Alphabet Zoo. Nerys 

Hughes and Ratoh McTefl 
with Robert the Reindeer. 
(012.10 Let's Pretend to 
the tale of The Grass is 
Always Greener, (rt 

in genetic 

130 News at One 120 Thames 

130 FDro: Josephine and Men 

Johns. Jack Buchanan, 
Donald Steden and Peter 
Finch. The lighthearted 
story of a young woman 
who desires tobe loved, 
told in flashbacks by her 
unde. Directed by Roy 

325 Thames news headlines 
330 The Young Doctors. 
Episode 299 oTthe 
medical drama serial set in 
a large Australian city 

: 8JS Open University: Maths - 
Complex Numbers. Ends 
at 72a 

930 Ceefax. 

135 Sign Extra. A repeat of 
yesterday's programme 
for the hearing impaired. 
Visions of Change, which 
examined the kind of 
changes that television 

made to the way that 

people viewed me world. 

2.15 Ceefax. 

420 Cricket: Second TesL The 
final session of the fourth 
day's play in the match at 
Trent Bridge between 
England and New 

6.10 . film: Charfie Chan at the 
Race Track* (1936) 
starring Warner CXand. 
The oriental sleuth is on a 
steamer bound for the 
west coast of fhe United 
States when the body of a 
feBow passenger, a 
wealthy racehorse owner. 
Is found, apparently kicked 
to death by his horse. But 
Chan suspects murder 
and unravels the myriad of 
dues leading to the kiHer, 
despite the attentions of 
'number one son'. 

Directed by H. Bruce 

720 Cartoon Two. The 
Sweater, made by the 
National Film Board of 

Radio 4 

400 Alphabet ZOa A repeat of 
the programme shown at 
noon410 The Mooraim. 
Cartoon series. (r)420 
She-Ra, Princess of 
Power. Animated science 
fiction adventures. 

445 Oramarama: Flashback, 
by Dennis Spooner. An 
Eighties child is caught in 
a time warp and 
transported back to the 
Forties. Starring Graham 
Stark 5.15 DfffTant 

535 News 630 Thames news. 

620 Barry Setback and tbeBfg 
Wide Worid. Advice for 
young people leaving 
home for the first time. 

6-35 Cr ossr o a ds. 

738 The English House. The 
history and development 
of the technical aspects of 
' house building. (Oracle) 

730 Coronation StoML Brian 
tries to face up to the fact 
that he might not be the 
father of GaiTs chad. 
(Oracle) . 

830 Langley Bottom. Comedy 
series set in a sleepy 
viBage. Starring Bernard 

830 Scales of Justice. The 
third programme in the 
series on the law 
examines the role of 
solicitors, (see Choice) 

930 Return to Eden. Jessica 
reveals her tree feeflngs 
for Dan. (Oracle). 

1030 News at Ten and weather 
followed by Thames news 

1030 The New Avengers. Steed 
and Gambit are back in the 
Cold war after receiving a 
16-year old radio 
message, (r) 

1130 Heafing Power. The 
beliefs of the Christian 
Scientists, and the work of 
a lay healer. 

1230 World Chess 

Championship. A report 
on the Kasparov/Karpov 

1220 Night Thoughts. 

Tnfs second of four films 
about people who live in 
- Britain but have roots 
abroad features Pakistanis 
who fled the Zta regime . 
when it came to power 
nine years ago, and took 
advantage of Britain's long 
tradition of offering 

8.00 RmnrtH^raib Part five 
of Huw Weldon's series on 
Britain's royal bidders and 
collectors examines the 
contribution made by the 
first three Georges during 
whose time the Trooping 
of the Cofour was first 
performed: Kew Gardens 
planted and the Royal 
Academy founded, (r) - 

930 HSaiy. Comedy series 
starring Marti Caine as 

Hilary, a scatter-brained 
television chat-show 
— -researcher.- Tonight. . 
Hilary, fed up wim her 
boss s rudeness decides 
to resign. She writes her 
tetter of resignation but 
than changes her mind 
when t he prog r amme wins 
an award. 

930 The Mnd of a Murderer. 
The first of a fwopartlflm, 
which won two Brany 
awards, about Kenneth 
Bianchi, a young American 
man who stranded 12 

young women. Prison 
psychiatrists diagnosed 
him insane but doubts 
• about this were voiced by 
Dr Martin Orme, and toe 
question was asked ’has 
Bianchi been tooling 

or is he really insane?’ 
(Part two tomorrow night) 


1030 News ni gM. 

11.15 Weather. 

1120 Cricket Second Test 
Richie Benaud introduces 
highlights of the fourth 
day's play in the match at 
Trent Bridge between 
England and New 

1150 Open University: images 
and Innovation. Ends at 

230 How to be Celtic. Part four 
of the series focuses on 
Scotland. (0 

330 Americ an Short Story: 
PanT* Case, by Wilts 
Cathar. Set in Pfttsbugh at 

thetaan-of-the-century. . 

ths story concerns a 
young man in a dead-end 
cterire job who escapes 
from his humdrum 
existence through 
fantasies of theatre, music 
and art Ond day, when he 
has toe job of taking his 

firm's money to fheoanfc. 
he absconds with the cash 
and heads for the bright 

Bghts of New York, (n 
430 Dancin' Days. Franklin 
confides in Carmina while 
Carlos waits tor Jufla. 

530 ASce. The Phoenix, 
Arizona, waitress's son 
Tommy, borrows her 
boyfriend’s car to impress 
his cheerleader girtfriend. 
The following morning 
Tommy arrives back 
shamefaced, explaining 
that his girtfriend walked 
out on nm because of tfis 
drinking and he cannot 
rememoer where he 
parked the car. 

530 Sfl enta, Please* Today's 
highlights from silent 
movies traces the rise of 
Mack Semett from a 
movie extra to King of 

630 The Pocket Money 
Programme. Financial 
advice for youngsters, (rt 
630 Today’s History* A special 
edition of the programme, 
finking the television 
version of Aeschylus 


revenge as a route to 
' justice. (rt_ 

730 Chenm) Four news with 
Peter Sissons. 

750 Comment The first of lour 
Comments this week 
deafing vrith the subject of 
free speech. Tonight, the 
Conservative MP for North 
Luton, John Carfiste. 

830 Brookside. At Teresa's 
funeral, her children blame 
Matty and won't speak to 
! Mm, but Bobby and Sheila 

I patch up their differences 

; .. with tun and invite him 
back to stay at the Close. 
830 IGt Curran. Comedy series 
starring Danis Lawson as 

entrepreneur, this week 
serving out his much put- 
upon associates to sefl 
! ' double glazing in a broken 

. . windows area of 


930 KeBoggte Start CRy 

Centre Cycling. This first 
of a new series of seven 
races comes from 
Manchester. Based on 
Albert Square, the course 
passes the new G-Mex 
Exhibition Centre and 
ends at Manchester City 
Library. The commentator 
is Phil Liggett 

1030 Commodities. This Wth of 
seven programmes 
examines the new 
Financial Futures markets. 

1130 Fred Wiseman: Essene. 

The American 

documentarisf s film 

enters the outwardy 
serene work! of a 
Benedictine monastery 
and explores the 
relationships between the 
brothers and the tensions 
caused by living within the 
Order. Ends at 1230. 

On king wave. VHF stereo 
variations at end. 

555 Shipping. (LOO News Briefing: 
Weather. 6.10 Farming 
Week. An interview with a 
leader in the agricultural 
industry followed by a five- 

625 Prayer fer the Day (sL 

630 Today, ind 630, 730, 

830 News. 6.45 
Business News. 655^ 755 
Weather. 7.00, 830 
News. 725. 825 Sport 735 
Thought (or the Day. 

835 The wriek on 4. 

Pr o gram m e previews. 

With Harriet Cass. 

843 Lake Wobegon Days. 
Written, ana read in ten 
episodes, by Garrison KeBor 
IS) 857 Weather; Travel. 

930 News 

935 Startthe Week, with 
Richard Baker (s) 

1030 News; A Small Country 
Living. Jeardne McMullen 
on tee deUghts of Hvmg In 
rural Britain (r) 

1030 Morning Story: The End 
of the Road, by John G. 
Miter. Read by John 

1045 Daily Service (New Every 
Morning, page 711 (s) 

1130 News; TravS; Oown 
Your Way. Brian 
Johnston visits Ripon in 
North Yorkshire (rtfs) 

1148 Poetry Pleasal Listeners' 

430 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
comment on the West 
End productions of Long 
Day's Journey into"' ~ 
and The Cocktail 

John Mile. Readers: Angela 
Down and Tan Pigott- 

1230 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice, with 

1227 CounterookiL Musical 
knowtedge quiz chaired 
by Ned Shentn. With Michael 
Kennedy. Jeanne 
Whitnee and Joan Taylor. 
1255 Weather 

130 The Worid at One: News 

140 The Archers. 155 

230 News; Woman's Hour. 
Induing Trevor Nichols 
reading episode 1 of Gladys 
kftchefl's The Rising of 
the Moon. 

330 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Ptoughboy Monday, 
by Oavid Pownafi. With 
Jason Littier as the man 
who tuns to the land (r)(s) 

415 Dear Dodie. Author 
Dodie Smith. 90 this 
year, talks to Frances 

On VHFonly:- 
635 Open University. Until 
655am. Education: child 


On mettium wave only: - 
655 Weather. 730 News 
735 Morning Concert 
Borodin (Symphony No 
2). Gneg (To Spring: Ftofat 
Simeon Rumschisky, piano], 
Monteverdi (Sonata 
sopra San eta Marla. Vespers 
of 1610), Berlioz (Royal 
Hum and Storm, Troians at 
Carthage). 830 News 
835 Concert (cored): Bach 
(Fugue in G. BWV577: 

Woolf gang Rubsam, organ), 
Chopin (Nocturne in B, 

- Op 9 No 3: Ashkenazy, ' 
ptono), Tunder (Ach Herr. 
mss cfeinen fieben E 


with Zediebus. soprano), 
Sainf-Saens (Symphony No 
3). with utaize, organ). 

935 This Week's Composer: 
Alan Hoddmott 
Landscapes, Op 86. Clarinet 
Concerto era 3, (with 
Gervasede Payer, soloist). 
Cantata: Dives and 
Lazarus, Op 39 (with 
» Thomas Allen, baritone) 
1030 Czoih Piano Music: 

Peter Wantsch plays 
Dvorak's Sute m A, Op 98. 

Novak's Four 
Op 11. and Suk'sSot 
Slumber Songs, Op 33 
1055 Gest Match: Fourth day 
of the Second Test. 

England v New Zealand. 
Coverage continues on 
medium wave until 630 
On VHFonfw- 

1055 Late Baroque Sonatas: 
Rachel Beckett 

(recorder). Anthony Pieeth 
(ceto). Mehryn Tan 
(harpsichord). Works by 

Benedetto Marcello, 

Botsmortier. and Corel B 
1125 British Youth Orchestras: 
National Youth Orch^tra 

ol Scotland (under Adey and 
McCabe). Pan one. 

Britten (Young Person's 

John McCabe (Tuning) 

1230 Pied Piper: the late Dovkt 
Munrow on the lustory ol 
the trombone 

1220 Concert (cored): 

Stravinsky (ballet music 
Petrushka, 1911 version). 

130 News 

135 AJbemi String Quartet: 

Mozart (Adag« and 
Fugue in C mmor. K 546) and 
Schuben (String Quartet i 
in G. D 887) 

230 Prom Talk: includes Fritz 
Splegl talking about 
Schtoert's 'Great' C major 
Symphony, and Nigel 
Rogers on the itafian 
Baroque tradition in the 
17th century (r) 

230 New Records: Bach (Two 
Chorale Preludes; 

Schmucke dch, O liebe 
Seme. Bwv 654, and 
Komm, Gott Schopler. 

Heitiger Geist, BWV 631, 
orchestrated by 
Schoenberg). Busoni 
(Afl'ltala 1 Berceuse 
elegl aq ue. played by 
Huve, piano). Berg (Vioto 
Concerto: Zukermanwtth 
LSO). Mahler (Symphony No 
2. with soloists Rosalind 
Plowright and Brigitte 
Fassbaender and the 
PhHharmoma Chorus and 
Orchestra). 455 News 

530 Mainly tor Pleasure: with 
Geoffrey Norris 

On medium wave only: - 

630 Organ music David 
Sanger plays Widor's 
Symphony No 5 

7.10 Tne^ldler's Office: 

John Bott reads from the 
writings of Ruskm 

730 Prom 86: Royal 

Phi harmonic Orche s tra 
(under Sir Charles Groves), 
with Stephen Bishop- 
Kovacevich (piano). Part one. 
Brahms (Piano Concerto 
No 2) 

620 The Essence of 

Schubert talk by Hans 

840 Proms 86: continued. 

Schubert (Symphony No 
9 in C major. The Great) 

940 The Death of Anton 
Webern: John Thomtay's 
miniature for radio. With Carl 
Dueling as the composer 
1030 Webern and Schubert 

Webern (Three 
Orchestral Pieces. 1613: 
Philadelphia Orchestra), 
Schuben (Deutsche Tanze. 

D 820, orchestrated by 
Webern: Frankfurt Radio SO) 
10.15 Jazz Revisited: 

illustrated talk by Steve 

1130 Mendelssohn: Stuttgart 
Piano Tno ptay the Piano 
Tno m C minor, Op 66 
1135 A Choree CoHccticru 
Robert Woolley 
fepkKrt/harpsichord). and 
Emma Krtby (soprano). 
More works bv John Blow 
1157 News. 12.00 Closedown 

Radio 2 

On medium wove. Stereo on 

News on the hour. Headlines 
530am. 630. 730, 8.3a Sports 
Desks 135pm, 232, 332, 432, 
505, 632, 545 (ml only). 955. 
Cricket Scoreboard 750pm. 
400am Colin Berry 530 Ray 
Moore 730 Derek Jameson 030 
Ken Brace 1130 Jimmy Young 
1 .05 Dawd Jacobs 2.05 Armeka 
Rice 330 David Hamilton 555 
John Dunn 730 Alan Dell and. at 
730, Big Band Era 830 BSC 
Big Band. With Salerta Jones- 930 
Digby Fairweatehr (jazz on 
record) 1400 The ABC Ouic (new 
senes) Ken Bruce asks 
members ol the public to identify all 
sons of sound rccorcungs 1030 
Star Sound. Nick Jackson with Mm 
soundtrack requests 1 1.00 
Brian Matthew presents Round 
Midnight Irom Edinburgh, 
currenrly the venuo or tne 
international Festival 1.00am 
Night nde 3504.00 A Little Nignt 

Radio 1 

On medium wave. Sisroo on 
VHF (see below) 

News on the halt-hour from 
630am until 830pm then 1 030 and 
12.00 midnight 

530am Adnan John 7.00 Simon 
Mayo 930 Swnon Batos 11.00 The 
Radio 1 Roadshow with Cary 
Dawes. From Weston-super-Mare. 
1230 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 1245 Andy Peebles 3.00 
Sieve Wright 530 NcwsOeat 

£- 4.00am As Radio 2. 1 0.00pm 
As Radio 1. 1230-4. 00am As Ra<*o 
2 . 



Dancin' Daw 130 
Ulster Landscapes 230 Uuntau 
Dydd Uun 215 Interval 230 Ameri- 
can Short Story 330 How to be CoMc 
430 Pocket Money Programme 5J» 

Y Smyrtfs 5J0 Rm InvfctHe Man Ho- 
tumr 730 Newyddion Sash 730 
Credaf B30 St B&UMhere am Fnmtau 
Trainar KUO Cheers 1030 Country 
Matters 1130-12.15 People to People. 

1 030-1 035 Caraxxi 130pm Nows 

130430 Fttn: Ftendtsh Pkxot Dr Fit 

Manchu 5.15-545 Ernmerdale Fann^ 
530 About Anda 630-730 Survival 
1030 News aiTen 1030 Anoka Re- 
ports 1130 the Sweeney 1230 Mam's 
Best Friends 1230am In Conversa- 
tion. Closedown. 

130pm News 130330 Hm: QeMan 
Condor 5.15-545 Horses lor 
Courses 600-7.00 News 1030 Fbn: Ro- 
mandcEngEshwoman 1240am 
Ctose down. 


930 Disney's Wuzzles 10.15 Jack 
Hoteom 10.40 uttie Rascals 1035-1130 
BntiSh Achievements 130 News 130 
fifcTC A Past Of Briefs 3.10-330 Magic. 
Magic 630 News 645-7.00 Central 
Post 1035 Eco 1135 Mann's Best 
Friends 1135 Bunm the Pnoemx 
1236m Contact 1235 Jobfmder 135 



BAUMCAH MMUL 628 sree/ess 

8H41 Tom 7.06 PONLAR. 
CLASSICS, Nnr SynaiMaf Or-' 
«!—* ■ ■ . Devui Cewmen mnML 
neern Bnaumorf 4MU r. 

ALSCinr Ol B56 5878 OC 37V 
0006/6433 Cm Sens 836 
M6S. FTomSflM Q far a IIMIM 

CmixmOM Air Cond S 9303216 IFOWTUMC (A*r C— *1 S ic S36T lUMCTS imp 226 1910. UnU T ' mESIUUD Air'cond 330 5668 « 
CC 379 6665/379 6433/741 12238 HP 741 9999 SUM 930 I SM. Dn r 7. Show 8em. I 741 9999 RlwrailTOaWTOOO 
”2 ft On»M6 3962.EX9ia«). 16123 MOnW Frii 8 Sal 8JO Mai I Mg CIgMjle rrhmw Oy I (34 Hn 7 Davj Moo-Frl a Sol 6 & 
Thomai.2JO._sai 040 & R.30 fTnurs A Sal JW» I eoontar demand m Iwr anew I bjjo 

-smnsM renct at its kst |fah _..•«■* I smjhoje NJ»y. I nms 

D Mae 

17*^ TBgjte*°r OQjwgOmwany 

Sce fat e r e. L nnl 31 \mi 
STThNCN COX; South bdfao 
toO O n IN-w Art WmL 
IM14(m Mminv wiun 
10-5.50. Sun 5 6 60 RmOM 
inla Ot 831 7124. 





:■ r:v;-v 


to Tway 

Toledo. Ohio (Reuter) - 
Greg Norman shot a steady 69 
on Saturday to maintain a 
four-stroke lead after three 
rounds of the 6Sih PGA 
Championship. But the round 
of the day went to Bob Tway 
who set a course record 64. 
seven under par. 

Norman, who was angry 
with himself on Friday when 
he struck his first two bogeys 
of the championship, made 
two pars and no bogeys in 
taking his 54-hole total to 202. 
eleven under p 31 "- f° r t ^ lc 
6. 982-yard course at the Inver- 
ness Club. 

Tway. who started the day 
nine shots behind Norman, 
moved into second place with 
a score which bettered by one 
stroke the course record which 
Norman set on his way to the 
first round lead. 

Norman, who lied the ma- 
jor championship record of 63 
on his way to winning last 
month's Open, could not fail 
to be impressed with T way's 
round. “What Bob Tway did 
was fantastic.” Norman said. 
"It was an exceptional score — 
a great, great golf score.” 

Tway. who has won three 
tournaments this year on the 
American lour, made four 
birdies on each nine but he 
also bogeyed the ninth hole, 
where he three-putted from 30 
feel. Two of his birdies, on the 
seventh and 1 7th holes, came 
on putts of 25 feet. 

Norman, on the other hand, 
could not make a putt but he 
chipped in twice, both limes 
to save par. The second chip- 
in came on the 523-yard 13th. 
a par five, which had to be the 
strangest hole of the tour- 
nament. Norman drove into 
the right rough and then 
pulled a six-iron into the left 
rough under a tree. When he 
could not take a normal stance 
because of an overhanging 
branch, he pul the ball back 
into play by hitting it with a 
sand wedge lefl-handed. 

Third-round scores 

(US unless stated) 

20 2: C Norman (Aus). 65. 68. 69. 

206: R Tway. 72. 70. 64 
208: P Jacobsen. 68. 70.70. 

209: P Stewart 70. 67. 72; 0 Hammond. 
70. 7t. 68. 

210: J Mctdaua. 70. 68. 72; B Liatzta. 69. 

211: D Frost ISA). 70, 73. 68. M Hubert. 

69. 68. 74. J Thorpe, 71. 67. 73: D A 
Weitjrmg. 71. 72. 68: D Tewel. 73. 71. 88. 
212: Wtevi. 68. 73. 71 ; G Sauers. 69. 73. 

70. A S*s. 71. 72. 69 

213: T Watson. 72. 69. 72; M McCtirntw. 
71. 74. 68. B WadWns. 69. 74. 70; M Lye. 
72. 71. 70: C Pavm. 71. 72. 70: R Back. 68. 

71. 74. 

214: F Couples. 69. 73. 72; C Stadler. 67. 

74. 73; O Love. 70. 72. 72. L l*as«i. 73. 
69. 72; C Peete. 7Z 73. 69: M Retd. 71 . 73. 
70: 0 Pootey. 71. 74. 69: L Trevino. 71, 74. 

69. H Sutton. 73. 71. 70: M Wiebe. 75. 67. 

72. K Green. 71.72. 71. 

215: D Graham (Aus). 75. 69. 71: T 
Nakapma (Japan). 71. 73, 71; W Grady 
lAus). 68. 76. 71; C Beck. 71. 73. 7V. S 
Simpson. 70. 70. 75. 

216: 1 Aohi (Japan). 73. 69. 74; A Bean. 74. 
70. 72: S Param.76. 69. 71. B Gardner. 72. 

73. 71; L WaOkms. 71. 75. 70. T Krte. 72. 
73. 71. B Upper. 71. 73. 72; C Rose. 73. 

71. 7Z J MdJer. 72. 71. 73. M Donald. 74. 
69. 73: D Pohl. 71. 71. 74 

217: 1 Woosnam (GB1. 72. 70. 75: S Hoch. 

72. 70. 75; D Edwards. 72. 69. 76: J 
Sluman. 70. 71. 76. D Barr (Cam. 71. 73. 
73: B Crenshaw. 72. 73. 72: R Gilder. 69. 

75. 73: R M alibi*. 73. 70. 74. 

216: K Brown (GB). 73. 73. 72. 1 Ctuments. 
71. 75. 72: J Blau. 72. 74. 72: J Mudd. 72. 

73. 73: J Cook. 71. 72. 75. 

219: H Irwin. 76. 70. 73: J Sindeiar. 74. 72. 

73. U Stdnian. 72. 73. 74. G Koch 68. 77. 

74. D SlOCkTOn. 70. 75. 74. H G«wn. 75. 

70. 74. P Bladunar. 67. 73. 79. 

220: J Haas. 69. 77. 74; R Murphy. 73. 73. 
74. L M.» 69. 76. 75 
221: J C Snead. 70. 76. 75 
222: D Watson (SAW 71. 74. 77. 

Piquet is the new star of the East 

From John Blnnsden 

Nelson Rquet won the first 
world championship race to 
be held in Eastern Europe 
yesterday after a race-long 
battle of tyre-conserving tac- 
tics with his fellow Brazilian. 
Ayrton Senna. Although the 
Hungarian Grand Prix 
quickly developed into a Iwo- 
car race, it nevertheless pro- 
vided one of the best contests 
of the season, with the 
winner's Canon Williams- 
Honda and the runner-up's 
Renault-powered JPS Lotus 
locked in combat virtually all 
the way and lapping the 
remainder of the field in the 

Senna led at the start and 
kept Piquet at bay for 1 1 laps 
before the Williams driver 
found a way past. By this lime 
other cars were already arriv- 
ing at their pits for their first 
change of rubber, as drivers 
discovered the hard way the 
wisdom, or otherwise, of their 
pre-race tyre choices. Both the 
front runners conserved their 
tyres well and Piquet made his 
last until lap 35 before making 
a change. 

This put Senna back into 
the lead until he, too. stopped 
seven laps later. He was still 
ahead when he rejoined the 
race, but only by a few 
seconds. Then the gap be- 
tween them see-sawed repeat- 
edly as they each took turns to 
cool their rubber for a while in 
their search for more grip. 

By lap 55 out of the 77-lap 
contest they were nose to tail 
and Piquet tried to retake the 
lead at the end of the pits 
straight, only to lock up a rear 
wheel and immediately let 
Senna through again. Two 
laps later he tried a similar 
manoeuvre, but on the out- 
side. and this time he suc- 
ceeded, but only after holding 
one of the most spectacular 
slides seen from the leader of a 
grand prix in years. 

Senna did his best to get 
back on terms but in the end 
the power of the Honda engine 
proved decisive as Piquet set 
the fastest race lap to confirm 

Following the leaden Mansell shows the way to Tam bay and Prost in Budapest. Despite coming third, the British driver still leads the world 

his eventual control of the 

This time Nigel Mansell 
had to be content with third 
place, a lap behind his team 
colleague, but he was feeling 
far from content as he took his 
position on the victory ros- 
trum. For the second race 
running his car had handled 
badly whereas Piquet's had 
been visibly superior. 

“No doubt the team will 
discover the reason when they 
examine the car in detail, but 
all I know is that I suddenly 
lost all grip about four laps 
into the race.” Mansell said. 
“After the first tyre change 
things got a bit better fora few 
laps but then it all went to 
pieces again.” 

Mansell still leads the world 
championship and his closest 
rival before the race, Alain 
Prost. retired with an electron- 
ics problem (Prost's McLaren 
partner. Keke R os berg, also 
dropped out. with a handling 

problem). But Senna and Pi- 
quet closed the gap to seven 
and eight points respectively. 

British drivers had a gen- 
erally good day. only Derek 
Warwick failing to be among 
the 10 finishers — his 
Brabham ended in the sand 
after an incident with Michele 
Alboreto*5 Ferrari. Johnny 
Dumfries was over the moon 
after scoring his first points for 
JPS Team Lotus in fifth place 
behind Stefan Johansson's 
Ferrari while Martin Brundle 
was rewarded with sixth place 
after a gritty performance in 
his Data General Tyrreli- 

“It began to slip out of 
fourth gear just before my tyre 
stop, then it gradually got 
worse until ft disappeared 
altogether with 30 laps still to 
go, Brundle said. “Fourth is 
the most important gear of the 
lot here, so all I could do was 
switch off the rev limiter and 
rev the guts out of the thing in 

third, and thank goodness the 
engine took the punishment.” 

Jonathan Palmer was the 
last of the survivors in his 
Zaks peed- “No brakes, turbo 
boost all over the place, and all 
sorts of handling problems, 
but at least we got there ” was 
his post-race summary. The 
Lola-Fonds were going great 
guns early in the race with 
Patrick Tambay fourth and 
Alan Jones sixth but Tambay 
needed a push start when his 
car stalled in the middle of the 
track on its way to finish 
seventh and Jones retired 

In spectator terms the 
Hungarian Grand Prix was a 
resounding success with an 
estimated 200,000 people 
watching from the surround- 
ing grandstands and terraces 
in baking hot weather. For the 
drivers it was an exhausting 
two hours (the flag came out to 
end the race at the time limit 
when only 76 of the scheduled 
77 laps had been completed) 

but Piquet probably spoke for 
all his rivals when he said 
afterwards: “I think we’ll all be 
very happy, indeed, to come 
back here again next year.” 

Piquet (Br), Canon- Williams Honda, 
76 laps, 2hr Omin 34_508sec, 
94.33mph: 2, A Senna (Br). JPS 
Lotus-flenaurt, £0.52.181; 3. N 


(GB). JPS Lotus-Renautt, 74 laps; 6. 
M Brundle (GB), Data General 
Tyrrell-Renautt, “4 laps; 7. P 
Tambay (Fr). Lote-F&rd. 74 laps; 8. P 
Streiff (Fr), Data General Tyrrell 
Renault 74 laps; 9, P ANot (Fr), 
Ugjjer-Renauit 73 laps; 1 0, J Palmer 
(GB). West Zakapeed, 70 laps. 
1, Mansell. 55pts; 2, Senna, 48; 3, 
Piquet. 47; 4, Prost 44; 5. Rosberg. 
19; equal 6, Laffite and Amoux, 14; 
8. Johansson, 10; equal 9. Berger 
and Alboreto. 6; 11. Brundle. 5; 
equal 12. Fabi. Patrese and Dum- 
fries. 2; 15. Streiff; 1 . Constructors: 
1. WiHiams-Honda. 102pts; 2, 

McLaren-TAG, 63; 3. Lotus- Re- 
nault 50; 4. Ligier-Renault. 28; 5. 
Ferrari. 16; 6. Benetton-BMW, 8: 7. 
Tyrrell -Renault, 6; 8, Brabham- 
BMW. 2. 

• Engine failure cost Andy 
Wallace the race and the lead 
in the Lucas British Formula 
Three championship at 
Snefterton yesterday. His Rey- 
nard Volkswagen was over 
three seconds ahead by lap 20 
when his engine blew up after 
losing its water. With five taps 
left, Maurizio Sandro Sala. of 
Brazil, swept ahead to win in 
his Ralt Volkswagen. 

Brentford take off 

Brentford have signed ; 
renewal of their sponsorship 
deal with the Dutch airline. 
KLM. Keith Loring, the club's 
chief executive; said: “The 
new agreement with KLM is 
worth in excess of £100,000 
over the next five years.' 
KLM's marketing manager. 
Barry Evans, commented: 
“We have been delighted with 
our four years' experience at 
Brentford. We think the club 
isgoing places." 


Lawson laps up a 
second world title 

From Michael Scott, Anderstorp 
Lawson, of the Another American, Mike 


United Stales, won his second 
500cc world championship in 
Sweden yesterday with a 
convincing victory over 
Wayne Gardner, his main 

Lawson put his works Marl- 
borough Yamaha in the lead 
on the third lap. with 
Gardner's Rothmans Honda 
og his tail and. though the 
Australian appeared to chal- 
lenge, Lawson waited until 
they started lapping slower 
riders at two thirds of the 
distance before making his big 
effort. At the finish he was 1 5 
seconds ahead. 

Gardner had smashed the 
lap record in his pursuit but in 
the end that went to Lawson 
as well. 

Four years old. 
Seriously underweight 
for her age. 
Scavenging for food 
where she can find it. 
Andshe’s English. 

With parents who re- 
fused to acknowledge that 
she even existed this child 
was being slowly and deli- 
berately starved. Here in 

Fortunately we found 
her in time. Yet without your 
donations we'd have been 
powerless to help. 

£15.48 can protect a 
child for two weeks. And 
that's the sum we're asking 
for now; 

If you can't afford quite 
that much, all donations are 
gratefully received. 

I want to hdp pnxoct t d:dd and " j 
endow: rm cheque or poual order 

£15.4$ □ £>!).<%<□ £<V.8$n 
Acre* and Visa card hoi den may 
debit duar accounts. No. 

Expiry dale. 

Arid res. 

block ciprrui pl£_\se 


FIqk wnd your ctaiecn co 
Dr. A. Culmmc. Rd.tiKOS , 

, NSKfc. FREEPOST. , . 

Lmdon ecib igg LLdJLpjTE 

prpnnci ihcdiiMi Ane> tfic bcciuibca duacaL 

Baldwin, was third, with Rob 
McElnea, from Humberside, a 
close fourth. The pair, on 
identical works Yamahas, had 
been scrapping fiercely 
throughout the race. It was 
again slow traffic that gave 
Baldwin his one-second 

Raymond Roche, of France, 
was fifth, and Didier de 
Radigues. of Belgium, sixth, 
both on Hondas, and Niall 
Mackenzie, of Scotland, 
earned res pea with a second 
successive seventh place on 
the British Heron Suzuki, 
sponsored by Skoal Bandits. It 
was only his second 500cc 

Randy Mamola was eighth, 
racing in considerable pain 
with a shoulder broken in 
practice at Silverstone nine 
days ago. 

Lawson, aged 28. has won 
six out of 10 races this year. 
His immaculate performance 
was overshadowed only by the 
question of what would have 
happened had Freddie Spen- 
cer. the champion, not been 

With one race remaining, 
Gardner fuelled speculation 
that he may switch loyalties 
next year. “This year was for 
learning and HI be satisfied if 
I finish up second. Next year I 
want to win — and I don't 
know if I*li ride a Honda or a 
Yamaha to do iL“ 

RESULTS: 1, E Lawson (US). 
Yamaha, 48mm 59-33sec; 2, W 
Gardner (Aus). Honda. 49:15.37; 3. 
M Baldwin (US). Yamaha. 49:17.77; 
4. R McElmea (GB) .Yamaha. 
49:18.89: 5. R Roche (Fr), Honda. 

49:41.57; 6. B de Radgues' (Bel), 
Honda. 49:49.06. 


Giving a best performance 
and winning the silverware 

Cowes Week, the only nine- 
day week in the calendar 
where the landed gentry and 
their ladies freely mix it on the 
water with up-and-coming tal- 
ent from the lower classes, 
ended with a splash yesterday 
as Sir Thomas Sopwith’s for- 
mer J -Class America's Cup 
challenger slid back into the 
Solent waters at Calshot after 
a £2-mjllion seven-year 
restoration programme 
funded by Elizabeth Meyer, 
an American heiress. 

Despite the low number of 
competitors this year, the 
Sandhurst-sponsored week 
proved as action-backed as 
ever with one sinking, several 
man -over board calls, numer- 
ous dismastings and two near- 
misses with a supertanker. 

By Barry Pickthall 

The one low point was the 
tragic accident during Friday 
night's firework display when 
one among the crowd watch- 
ing from craft anchored out in 
Cowes Roads set off a magne- 
sium distress flare hori- 
zontally which hit and killed a 
person on another boat. 

Perhaps this often-seen but 
highly irresponsible and illegal 
practice of setting off out-of- 
date emergency flares during 
festivities like this will now be 
more rigorously discouraged. 

Winner of yesterday’s much 
depleted class I race was Peter 
Vroon's Formidable. But the 
best performance during the 
week was earned by Roger 
Egfin and his crew. aboard 
Fruesli II who chalked up six 
wins in the Sonata class. And - 

just to show ft was no fluke 
they went out again yesterday 
and cleaned up the class 

They are followed by the 
Swiss crew from Aiglon Col- 
lege sailing Little Eagle in the 
highly-competitive J-24 class 
who shared five wins with the 
J Williams skippered Dragon- 
fly, convincing victors in the 
Dragon class. 

Arachon, competing in- the 
three-man Swallow class, the 
Ufla Fox-designed Flying 15 
Forrader, the daring sailors on 
Darius and South African 
class 2 entry Thee Spears also 
went home last night well 
pleased with their four wins 

Results, page 26 


Injury hampers England prospects 

James Dothie, who has been 
capped 62 times for England, 
broke an ankle during a 
training exercise at Bisham 
Abbey yesterday morning and 
is out of the World Cop 
tournament starting in London 
on October 4. 

Colin Whalley, the team 
manager, said that Dnthie's 
right foot would be in plaster 
for at least six weeksand there 
was no likelihood of putting 
him back in the squad. He was 
merely running with the ball 
yesterday when his ankle gave 

Dnthie’s injury has not only 


the cost 

Two Italian football clubs, 

Foggia and Cavese. have been 
relegated to the second section 
of the third division and 1 1 - 
players disqualified for up to 
five years for rigging matches 
last season. Cavese, held 
responsible for fixing the re- 
sults of five matches, will also 
start next season with a five- 
.point handicap. 

The Italian FA investiga- 
tion in Florence imo an illegal • 
betting ring also banned two _ T 
club officials for five years. Npw COIltell(l£r 

The Australian Taskforce 
*87 syndicate has launched its 
third America's Cup con- 
tender. the 12-metre yacht 
Kookaburra III. which is the, 
result of more than 30 model' 
trials. Although a develop- 
ment of two earlier designs, 
Kevin Parry, the syndicate's 
chief, is unsure if it will be the 
final contender for the 
elimination races which begin 
in October and said it may see 
only limited action. 

Shriven on course 


Pam Shriver. the No. I 
seed, reached the semi-finals 
of the Player's Challenge ten- 
nis tournament in Montreal 
On Saturday with a 6-4. 6-2 
victory over Raflaella Reggi. 
Shriver will now meet Zina 
Garrison, while in the other 
semi-final Rosalyn Fair bank, 
unseeded, will face Helena 


By Sydney Friskin 

put a damper on England's 
prospects — he is a great assent 
both in attack and defence — 
but has also upset the team's 
planning programme. 

As matters stand the squad 
for the two matches against 
Belgium at Bisham Abbey on 
August 23 and 24 wilJ be 
announced early this week. 
These matches will serve as a 
guide for the selections of 
another squad to play against 
West Germany at Hamburg 
on September 2 and 3. The 
squad for the World Cup will 
probably be picked after these 

Perth venue 

The 1990 world swimming 
championships are to be held 
in Perth, Western Australia. 
The championships, which 
are held every four years, are 
being staged in Madrid from 

Rugby draw 

Wigan, the holders, will 
entertain Rochdale Hornets in • 
the first round of the 
Grunhalle Lager Lancashire 
Rugby League dub tour- 
nament on September 14. 
DRAW: Wigan v Rochdale Hornets; 
Workington Town v Swtnton; 
Whitehaven v Fulham; Blackpool 
Borough v Barrow; Oktfiam v Leigh; 
Runcorn Higftfieto v Wtdnes; St 
Helens v Carlisle,’ Warrington v 

Familiar way 

Erika Nakajima, aged 21 
and the sister of Tsuneyuki 
Nakajima. the Japanese 
golfer, ■ won her first pro- 
fessional victory at the elev- 
enth attempt in the Hokuriku 
Queens women's tournament 
at Taisunokuchi, Japan, yes- 
terday, after a sudden-death 


England completed 
yesterday's training by defeat- 
ing London Indians 3-0 with 
goals by Batchelor, Kerly and 
Hughes, ail indirectly from 
short corners. The London 
Indians* side included Daved 
and Bhaji Flora. 

They also borrowed two 
players from the England 
training squad, Jennings and 
Steve Taylor, who as goal- 
keeper saved a fierce shot from 
Barber at a short corner just 
before the intervaL Whalley 
said that he was impressed 
with the performances of the 
younger players 


Botham sixes 

League record 

Ian Botham broke one 
record and almost set another 
during his innings for Somer- 
set in the John Player League 
match against Northampton- 
shire at Wellingborough 
School yesterday. 

He set a League record for 
the most sixes in an innings - 
1 3 — beating the previous best 
of 10 held jointly by Gordon 
Grcenidge, of Hampshire, and 
Graham Stevenson, of 

And by finishing wnh 175 
not out. he was just one short 
of the highest individual in- 
nings in the competition, held 
by Graham Gooch, as Somer- 
set reached 272 for five in 
their allotted 39 overs. 

Botham faced 1 22 balls, and 
in addition to his sixes, he also 
hit 12 fours. His previous 
highest score in the John 
Player League was 106 aga in st 

Match report, page 26 
En gland suffer, page 25 . 


hit Solly 

By Pat Butcher 

Athletics Correspondent 

The British Athletics selec- 
tors are often spoiled for 
choice, but they more often 
seem to be spoiling for a fight 
with their selection policy, or 
rather lack of il For ft seems 
that Jon Solly, the Common- 
wealth 10.000 metres cham- 
pion, who was selected last 
Wednesday to run in the 5,000 
metres in the European 
championships in Stuttgart, 
will be replaced by Tim 
Hutchings when the team is 
announced this morning. 

There should not be too 
much argument about 
Hutchings's inclusion with 
Steve Ovett and Jack Buckner, 
since the trio had a dean 
sweep of the medals at the 
Commonwealth Games, and 
Hutchings's sprint to third 
place in the 3.000 metres at 
Crystal Palace on Friday night 
(ahead of Ovett and Solly) 
indicates a move back towards 
the form which took him to 
fourth in the Olympic Games 
two years ago. 

But Solly is entitled to feel 
bard done by. since only he 
and Ovett have bettered the 
13min 25sec qualifying time 
which the British selectors put 
down as a guideline, instead of 
the official European mark of 
13.40at the start of the season. 
And Solly felt that two 10,000 
metre races, the AAA and the 
Commonwealth, both of 
which he won, were sufficient 
for this season. It remains to 
be seen whether Solly will take 
the vacant 10,000 metres place 
for Stuttgart. 

Steve Cram, the double 
Commonwealth champion, 
will be offered the same 800 
and 1,500 metres places for 
the European championships, 
as will Sebastian Coe. Cram 
has had to pull out of today’s 
Mobil Grand Prix meeting in 
Budapest because of a calf 
injury, which he believes will 
keep him out of training at 
least until Wednesday, and 
out of racing until next 
Monday’s meeting in 

Coe, recuperating from the 
throat infection which caused 
his withdrawal at Edinburgh, 
was turned down by Swiss 
officials when he asked to run 
800 metres in their national 
championships yesterday. Coe 
wanted it as preparation for 
hi4 1,500 metres in Zurich on 

Allan Wells’s return to form 
ha seamed him a place in both 
sprints in Stuttgart, but Wells 
has chosen instead to run the 
200 metres in Budapest today. 
Other British competitors in- 
clude David Sharpe, the world 
junior 800 metres champion, 
who has been chosen as 
reserve for that distance for 
Stuttgart, Fatima Whitbread 
and Geoff Parsons, who 
equalled his UK high jump 
record of 2.28 metres at 
Crystal Palace on Friday. 



play the 



The absence of Said Aouita 
from the - take a deep breath 
- FAC-Miller Lit e-Mobil 
Grand Prix ou Friday night, 
an anri-dimax for many Brit- 
ish enthusiasts, will oblige the 
International A mat ear Athlet- 
ics Federation to introduce a 
system of disciplinary mea- 
sures in conjunction with 
Grand Prix promoters when ft 
meets before the final in Rome 

next month. 

As John Holt, general sec- 
retary of the IAAF, perti- 
nently asks: “At what point do 
we have to say that the athlete 
is no longer a free agent?” 
Professional athletes can no 
longer hide behind a doctor's 

Dave Bedford, the IACs 
energetic and ■ slightly emo- 
tional organizer, had beea 
promising one of the most 
attractive meetings ever staged 
at Crystal Palace, with Aouita 
the star turn. What happened? 
R amour started to circulate 
last Monday that Aouita was 
doubtful, with an alleged in- 
jury. On Wednesday, he ran 
the third fastest ever 5)000 
metres in Corunna; doubts 
about Crystal Palace contin- 
ued to moult, Bedford could 
not or would not confirm or 
deny Aouita's participation, 
television cynically con tinned 
to plug his presence: and be 
fatted to arrive. 

Last year. Holt attempted to 
impose a rale that athletes 
who withdrew from a Grand 
Prix in which they were sched- 
uled to appear should be 
suspended for a week so as to 
exclude them from the next 
tournament, but the promoters 
rejected the proposal. 

There is seme evidence that 
Aouita currently does have a 
musde condition on account of 
which he can lap at 62 seconds 
but cannot sprint at 55. That 
may legitimately be so. Holt 
will propose in Rome that any 
athlete capable of running 
only one race in any week mast 
commit his appearance to a 
Grand Prix or not ran at alL 
And he will again recommend 
the one week suspension for 

Protection needed 

Mobil have to have some 
protection for their sponsor- 
ship of a fixture system which 
has bronght some coherence to 
what was previously a lottery 
of wheelers and dealers, on 
and off tiie track. The diffi- 
culty is that wider athletic 
legislation, it is the national 
federations who have to disci- 
pline competitors. Aouita, a 
Moroccan, lives, and primar- 
ily runs, in Italy. It is symp- 
tomatic of the disunity within 
British domestic athletics that 
on what should be the biggest 
night of the year, neither Nigel 
Cooper, the British Board 
secretary, nor Andy Norman, 
the subventions co-ordinator, 
were in attendance. 
Tweedkdummery lives on. 

• Ten days ago in Edinburgh, 
attending the Commonwealth 
Games, Mrs Thatcher was 
saying unofficially, on the eve 
of a new football season, what 
an improvement there had 
been in crowd behaviour in the 
past 12 months. My comment 
to her, at a reception by the 
Sports Aid Foundation, of 
which her husband is a direc- 
tor, was that however effective 
the control inside English 
grounds, the test would come 
the next ' time the English 
played in Europe. 1 was think- 
ing of the European champion- 
ship match in Stockholm next 
month. The test arrived sooner 
than expected. 

Ban should stay 

The truth is that hooligan- 
ism is a product of the 
combination of two 
characteristics: drunkenness 
and a liberally free society in 
which anarchy flourishes. It is 
as common in Benidorm as a 
Brussels stadium. Sadly but 
unavoidably, English dabs 
should continue to be banned 
from European football indefi- 
nitely. It is not oar football, of 
coarse, which is on trial bet 
our society: a society which 
hurls chairs at a Bnmo fight 
and teams coloured cricketers- 

We can argue ourselves 
dizzy about what the police, 
the football authorities or the 
consuls should have done to be 
more prepared to cope with 
last week's outrage. Yet noth- 
ing would have eliminated the 
basic problem: that such peo- 
ple exist. The one man with 
sense was the Dutch captain 
who dumped them back at 

John Smith, the chairman 

the Sports Council and of 
Liverpool, had rightly said 
before last week's incident 
that it is far too soon to 
contemplate a retort to the 
European battlefield. The slo- 
gan “Core Hooliganism — Ban 
Football'* nay lave no logic, 
bat it is anacceptaMe teat 
football should be permitted to 
provide hooliganism with a 

m \* a . 


"4 ' l; '