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. . By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 
Mr Neil Kmoock's cam- and the Association of Scieu- behind-the-scenes 

: ’i :uriit‘d life 

paign to haul his party out of 
the dutches of the left will 
come under intense pressure 
at the Trades Union Congress 
in Blackpool. A concerted 
attempt will be launched to 
torpedo - moderate commit- 
ments on industrial relations 
and nuclear power 

The Labour leader is deter- 
mined that the right of work- 
ers to a secret ballot before a 
strike — enshrined in the 
Conservatives Trade Union 
Act, 1984 — must be retained 
in any future legislation, a 
pledge underlined in the jomt 
Labour/TUC strategy docu- 
ment on the issue. 

But the conference, starting 
in two weeks' time, win be the 
setting for a concerted bid by 
. the left-dominated unions, led 
b\ the Transport and General 
: Workers’ Union (TGWU) and 
the National Union of 
Mmeworkers (NUM), 10 
throw it oul 

. Both unions want all ref- 
erence to secret ballots deleted 
and the National Union of 
Mmeworkers amendment 
says unions should be tree to 
determine their rules and 
constitution “in accordance 
'with International Labour 
Organization convention and 
without State interference’'. 

trite. Techniod and Man- aimed at 
agerial Staffs want to ditch threatened c 
Labour’s vague commitment ume-honoui 
to phase oul nuclear, power TUC fudge 
over a number of decades and 
replace it with an immediate * *“2® w 
halt, to the country's nuclear v 

programme. sources suj 

behind-the-scenes efforts 
aimed at heading off the 
threatened defeats through the 
time-honoured tradition of a 

There were signs of this 
yesterday with Labour Party 
sources suggesting that the 

programme. *”?*'*$. jyssesung max toe 

The NUM argues that m the Jp* nt TUC/Labour document 
wake of ihe Chernobyl did I not go so far as togive a 

* -3W* 

disaster, atomic energy is seen 
by the public as representing 
Tan unacceptable ride to life 
and the environment - ". The 
union calls for an integrated 
energy policy based on coal, 
wrth alternative - energy 
sources as a back-up. 

left-right^ctosh is anderfmed 
by a call from the General, 
Municipal, Boilermakers and 
Allied Trades Union for the 
nuclear programme to be fro- 
zen pending thorough in- 
vestigation of the Soviet 

Mr Kinnock is well aware 
that secret ballots are one of 
the most popular planks in the 
Conservatives' industrial rda-‘ 
tions laws and that his efforts 
to present his party as mod- 
erate and responsible would 
• suffers huge setback ifhe were 
forced to abandon them. 

statutory guarantee of pre- 
strike ballots. 

Mr Ron Todd, the leader of 
the TGWU, denied his union 
was bent on beating off 
Labour's plans, saying: “If 
some of the press speculation 
is that my amendment shows 
disagreement with the Labour 
Party, they win be dis- 
appointed. I shall be support- 
ing the TU C/Labour Party 
document on industrial law." 

The way appears clear for 
the conference to strike a 
contradictory posture — 
endorsing the joint document 
while at the same lime giving 
no legal force to pie-strike 

As reported in The Times 
on Saturday. Mr Kenneth 
Clarke, the Commons spokes- 
man on employment, will 
attend the conference — the 
first Cabinet minister to ac- 

Si?: .... 

Organization convention and hardline policy on nuclear 

without State interference" w ^ ki V s0 

. __ . highly embarrassing for Dr 

Other big unions likely to Jack Cunningham, the party's 
back the revolt include -the environment spokesman. 
National Union of Public whose Copeland constituency 
Employees and the National includes the nuclear re- 

and Local Government Of- 
ficers’ Association. 

processing plant at Seflafield. 

_ ■ - During the next fortnight 

On energy policy, the NUM there are likely to be frantic 

The way appears clear for 'P ^ 

the conference to strike a K GSIFS ICVT 
contradictory posture - 
endorsing the joint document A i* 

while at the same time giving lalC U1 
no legal force to pie-strike — * 9 . m v 

ballots. Rntisn 

As reported in The Times AAM. 

on Saturday, Mr Kenneth ^ 

Clarke, the Commons spokes- CHID Dvl 

man on employment, will 
attend the conference — the By David Sapsted 

*2 SESJ+Z Uncertainty tinged with fear 

S/SlJJL SS 00,11511 ued 10 surround the fete 

of the British climber Alan 
to power in -1 979. _ Rouse last night, missing since 

He trill be quick to exploit s t orms enveloped the world's 
any divisions to Mr Kinnock s highest mountain, K2, 

detriment, while also contend- a fortnight aao ^ 

mg lbat the proposed pact will ^iSreiS'Office was still 

ZSZ2SS2XZ&S unable to confirm whether Mr 

Rouse, aged 34, had died after 

Princess Anne adds the final touches, while Zara Phillips is ready to lend a hand. 

- ^ Work fit 

mg u.c nwu Kinnignx legal constraints on the closed c u m hmg the north-west ridge 

there are likely to be frantic shop. of the 28,250 ft mountain. ^ 

‘ ^ ' ” ' Five others in the eight- 

Police station m 

bridge, Kent, are known to 

Tamil case burnt SSSS 

• ' tion irrherient three day s after 

- By Ko6n» Yoong,B*inb»rg a Solent snotraonn traced 

The Hamburg police office- Tionaiy Cells had daimed nSn £ ustx ^ ns 

from whichinqmnesare being responsibility for their actions a™ Polesat -h.UUO ft. ;• 
made into the Tamil smug- by telephone, not by painted Kjlrt Diemberger. one of 
R ljng ope ration, which aban- graffiti. two Austnans_ who returned to- 

doned more than 150 refugees H ambure police said ves- basera^raid yestertfey.that 
in lifeboats off the Canada , beheved Mr Rouse, a 

coaster was' atStad J 1 S Kys, £ r ^ ^ “ aeP 

bv arsonists vesterdav 1081 r“ s u v" a field, to be dead. However, a 

yesterday ddiberate attempt to hmder Forejgn office 

Theoffice Mding, in the saW rnght therehadheen 

suburb of Fnwwdort is the no official word of his fete. 

EX£>55£uta£ branch trifice. They insisted The climber, avmcmn ofl5 

634 concerned with business __ • Himaiayan expedtnon^ tod 

frauds: - illegal employment Chancellor Kohl of West Ger- planned to return to Britain 
and the exploitaiion of ma^saidy^erday the ftood on August 26. the day on 
immigrants. ' of Third world refugees mto which his ghi friend. Miss 

The building was severely the country was intolerable Deborah Sweeney, aged 30, is 
damaged after three incen- nod * meeting of federal and expecting their first child, 
diary devices with time fuses state political leaders would be Last night she was reported 
had been left in the ground faeM next month to tackle the to be staying with her father in 
floor and two of the upper proMem (AP reports from Halifax, West Yorkshire, 


Levels of 

As A-fevef rStilts " ' 
arrive, school- : ! 

decide:, is university 
still the best route 
to a career? ’ ] 



In the first of a 
series, David Miller 
asks why success 
has eluded four big 
city football clubs 
— Manchester 
United, Spurs, 

Arsenal, and 

Police station in 
Tamil case burnt 

By Robin Young, Harabnrg 

gling operation, which aban- graffiti. 

donedmore thm 1 50 refugees Hamburg police said yes- 

5 aSS i^yti^ couilnoj, . rule out 
00851 1851 week, was an aocea fo e possibility that this was a 
by arsonists yesterday deaerate attempt to binder 
morpmg. one of the inquiries being 

The office brnldmg, m the conducted from the special 
suburb of EppendorC is the biwch office _ They insisted 
headquarters of special branch ■ 

634 concerned with business ^ _ „ , . „ 

frauds:' - employment Chancellor Kohl of West Ger- 

and the exploitation of n^s^yerterday the flood 
immigrants. * Thb - ^ world refugees into 

The building was severely A* °P®*fry w»s intolerable 

y*0 ^ 


had been left 
floor and two 

rooms. An attempt tod also Bonn). “A solution must be 
been made to break into the found soon, becaus e the Fe d- 
boiler room in the basement, «**? Republic is no immigr a nt 
but that had been prevented nation, and we don't want to 

L " : ’\ 

\ I f 

— i|!. 

— ( fjeld — 

• There is £8,000 to 
be won today in The 
Times Portfolio Gold 
competition, double the 
usual amount as 
there was no winner in 
the daily competition 
on Saturday. 

• The weekly prize 
of £8,000 was won 
outright by Mrs 
R.Oddy of Edinburgh. 
Details, page 3. 

• Portfolio list, page 
18; rules and how to 
play, information 
.service, page 14. 

Zia ultimatum 

Pakistan's President Zia lit- 
Haq has been given an ol- 
n malum by the opposition 
alliance to free Miss Benazir 
Bhutto today or face massive 
demonstrations Page 6 

Censor dies 

Mr John Trevelyan, Britain's 
film censor from 1958 to 1971, 1 
was found dead at bis south 
London home by a volunteer 
worker from Age Concern. He 
was 83 Obitnary, page 12 : 

Degree results 

Degree results from the 
Utmcrul) of Liverpool are j 
: published ioda\ Page 19 

Ham? News 2-4 Fnlnro 8-10 
Oicrseas 5-7 Law Report 25 
tPPts 12.19 Leaders II 
Vm 13 Letters II 

Births, deaths, Obtluart 12 
manner* l! Prem Bomb. 14 
Business 15-19 Retiewn 12 
Chfess z ticieike 4 

Thurch 12 Sport 25-28J0 
tonrt 12 rhealmric 29 

( rosswonK 8.14 TV & Radio 29 
Diary 10 l nhs 12.19 

1-tenK 14 Weather 14 

by a steel door. 

The attack took place at 
about 2amand destroyed three 

become one," he said. 
however that the 


rooms full of equipment and about the Tamils was only one 
records. Hamburg police, of many that were underway. 

however, said that docu- 
mentation concerning the 
Tamils was not destroyed, 
even though other rooms m 
the building had also been 

They issued foe description 
of a suspicious person seen by 
a neighbour in the area. 

The two Tamils who had 
been detained by Hamburg 

Three graffiti found on the police in connection with their 
building and a neighbouring inquiries were released at 
wall read: “Against police midnight on Friday, as was the 
raids", “Agai nst deportation”, Turk who had been similarly 
and the letters RZ in a five- arrested. The police spokes- 
cornered star. RZ stands for man said that all had co- 
Revolutionary Cells, ah an- operated fully with the jnqoiry 
archist organisation which has but there had been insufficient 

Last night she was reported 
to be staying with her father in 
Halifax, West Yorkshire, 
where she is a schoolteacher, 
and praying for Mr Rouse's 
safe return. 

A climbing friend of Mr 
Rouse, Geoff Birtles, said 
yesterday: “He disclosed be- 
fore he left that this was to be 
his last big mountain, follow- 
ing which he planned to settle 
down and pursue a business 
career operating an adventure 
travel company. Obviously 
Deborah is shocked and heart- 

Mr Birtles said that neither 
he nor Mr Rouse's family 
would believe he was dead 
until word was received from 
Jim Curran, in charge of foe 
team's base camp and be- 
lieved to be on a seven-day 
Continued on page 2, ooi 8 

already claimed responsibility evidence against 

for other attacks. 

charge them with any serious 

In particular there was a crime. The two Tamils are 
similar arson attack on the now under police protection. 
Central Office for Foreign and foe police have refused to 
Immigrants earlier this identify them. on foe grounds 
year. On previous that their lives are endangered 

occasions, though, the Revolu- Continued on page 24, col J 

French border arrests 

Pans - A group of 12 Sn 
Lankans were arrested by 
French police mi Saturday 
after they had forced their way 
through a Franco-German 
border checkpoint into the 
country (Susan MacDonald 

The group were arrested at 
Thtnoviile in the Moselle. The 

drivers of the two cars are 
expected to be charged in 
France, while foe other occu- 
pants are to be sent back to 
West Germany where they 
have been. living, police said 
Some JO Tamils have been 
arrested in the past month in 
the Moselle. 

Ottawa row, page 5 

has extended by a month the 
£50 million contract under 
which GET is seeking to prove 
that ij has ironed out the 
problems on the £900 million 
Nimrod Airborne Early Warn- 
ing aircraft project. 

The company was given six 
months from last March to 
demonstrate that it could 
meet Royal Air Force perfor- 
mance requirements with the 
radar and other equipment in 
Ihe Nimrod. The contract was 
due to expire on September 3. 

Neither the Ministry of 

but sources said that the 
extension was a technicality, 
aimed at continuing foe 
contractual relationship while 
foe ministry was deciding 
whether to proceed with the 
Nimrod project or drop it. 

There are seven other bid- 
ders seeking to replace the 
GEC programme. The bidders 
include Boeing Awacs aircraft 
already in service with Nato, 
and Grumman and Lockheed. 
The sources said that the 
extension was made at the 

that it would not involve any 
increased cosl 

GEC claims to have made 
great progress iu improving 
Nimrod performance since 
March, but it has yet to 
demonstrate the improve- 
ment in actual flight. 

The ministry is expected to 
produce a recommendation in 
Sepotember on which of foe. 
competing bids to proceed 
with, but foe issue is of such 
political sensitivity that it. will 
almost certainly have to .be 
considered by foe full Cabinet. 

Botham welcomed back to the England fold 

By John Woodcock side most likely to beat New 

Cricket Correspondent Zealand, who have a one- 

Ian Botham was yesterday ™ tch , lead in the “ ries - ^ 
recalled to foe England cricket altern abve was to make 
team for the third and last experimental rtiangeswifo foe 
Test match against New Zea- '^ uslra ,an Iour In v,ew - 
land starting at the Oval on Botham's return to play in 
Thursday, after serving a two- his 85th Test match should 
month suspension for having ensure large crowds at the 

admitted to taking drugs. 
Graham Gooch, who m- 

OvaJ. He needs to dismiss 
only two batsmen to beat 

Ian Botham yesterday: 
looking to Australia. 

formed the selectors last Fri- Dennis Lillee's world record 
day that for family reasons he of 355 Test wickets, and to 
would rather not be consid- hold . four more catches to 
ered for this winter’s tour of become foe seventh cricketer, 
Australia, is also in fo& side, excluding wicketkeepers, to 

The selectors have chosen take 100 Test catches, 
what they consider to be the Since reluming to first-class 

cncket on July 31 Bottom has 
had little success with the bafl, 
his fitness having been called 
into question, but he has made 
two big-hitting centuries, his 
175 not out for Somerset 
apnst Northamptonshire m 
ihe John Player SpecialLeague 
on foe school ground at 
Wellingborough containing 13 
sixes and beating or threaten- 
ing numerous one-day 

• Botham was given -news of 
his selection yesterday bv 
Mike Gattmg. the England 
captain. Speaking before 
Somerset’s John Plaver Spe- 

cial League game against Sur- 
rey at Taunton, Botham 
talked of his hopes of touring 

He said he believed the 
world Test wickets record was 
within his grasp. “I am sure 1 
am good Icr two wickets at 
least at the Oval.” he said. 

• Alain Ptosl of France, won 
the Austrian Grand Prix at 
Zel i weg yesterday for his third 
victor) of the season. Nigel 
Mansell, of Britain, finished 
twelfth but maintained his 
lead in the drivers’ 

Sport, pages 25-28, 30 

Sudan rebels 
shoot down 
passenger plane 

From Charles Harrison, Nairobi 


The Phillips family rallied 
round to pul on foe British 
Open Horse Trials at 
Gatcombe Park. Gloucester- 
shire, yesterday. 

Princess Anne was roped L 
to put foe final touches to the 
course, designed by Captain 
Mark Phillips, while their 
daughter Zara was on hand for 
the menial tasks. 

A crowd of 20,000 lapped 
up foe sunshine and watched 
Bruce Davidson, the former 
world champion from the 
United States, win foe com- 
petition on J J Babu — beating 
Britain's reigning world cham- 
pion. Virginia Leog on Price- 
less. into second place. 

The Princess and Captain 
Phillips did not compete. She 
does not have an advanced 
horse and he was too busy 
organizing the trials at the 
family home. 

Report, page 27 

Inquiry on Ulster 
work threats 

By Richard Ford 

The largest employer in ment of Shorts, the aircraft 
Northern Ireland manufac- company, which employs 
turing industry is investigating mostly loyalists among its 
"loyalist" threats to a small 5,487 workforce, is investigat- 
n umber of Roman Catholic fog attempted intimidation 
workers, as sectarian tension and threats to Catholics, 
leads to growing intimidation A group calling itself foe 
at work and at people's homes. Shorts People's Loyalist 
Employers elsewhere are Council removed and ripped 
spending considerable time up foe clocking-in cards of 
attempting to reassure fright- some Catholic workers, claim- 
mod workers of their safety fog they were Provisional IRA 
while in a town seven miles and republican supporters, 
from Belfast more than 100 Posters were displayed on 
Catholic families have been fectory walls saying that the 
attacked in what is believed to exercise had been designed to 
be an attempt to drive them give management a substan- 
from the town. tial list of IRA supporters. It 

In two rural areas at the added: "These are people who 
weekend loyalist band parades seek to carry out the aims of 
were followed by attacks on the Provisional IRA within 
Catholic property. A company the company, ie foe destruc- 
m Co Down has withdrawn tion of loyalism. They will not 
from a contract with foe succeed." 

“25 J?? 8 JtL ^ The poster said that foe list 
viaonalKA death threats. represented only a proportion 
The two seu ofparaimhtaiy ofrepublicans in foe company 
groupings are feefong off each buI f he g^p ^ awa rTof 
ofoer. bringing fear to or- more w * ork £ rs elsewhere, 
drnaiy workers whfre Catho- j nc i uding members of 
lus m then; . tomes are management. 

Mffenng loyahst anger over Nationalists working at the 
foe Anglo-Irish agreement 6 

In east Belfast foe- manage- Continued on page 2, col 4 

Nimrod proj*ect given extra time 

By Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent 

The Ministry of Defence Defence nor GET had any request of the Ministry, but 
is extended by a month the official comment yesterday that it would not involve any 

Anti-government forces 
shot down a Fokkcr Friend- 
ship aircraft with a Sam 7 
missile shortly after it took off 
from Malakal, 400 miles south 
of Khartoum, on a scheduled 
flight on Saturday, killing all 
57 passengers, including some 
foreign aid workers and some 
children, and foe plane’s crew. 

The Sudan Airways plane 
had just taken off when it 
broadcast a distress calL 

A spokesman for the Sudan 
People's Liberation Army, 
which for the past three years 
has been fighting a guerrilla 
war in the counuy's south, 
claimed responsibility. 

The SPLA had warned ear- 
lier that any aircraft flying 
over foe “war zone" would 
risk being shot down. It said it 
had banned all flights, includ- 
ing those being made by relief 
agencies, because the Sudan 
Army was using them to build 
up its position there, where 
several garrisons had been 
besieged by rebels. 

Ail flights to the southern 
Sudan were suspended yes- 
terday including an Inter- 
national Red Cross airlift of 
relief food from Entebbe in 

Employees of Sudan Air- 
ways in Khartoum launched a 
three-day strike in protest 
against the lack of safety for 
planes and against a delay in 
reporting foe crash. Pas- 
sengers at Khanoum airport 
also protested, throwing 
stones onto foe runway and 
delaying incoming flights 
from the north. 

Aid agencies recently ap- 
pealed to both foe Sudanese 
Government and the SPLA to 
observe a ceasefire to enable 
relief food to be flown into 
parts of foe south where about 
two million people are faring 

Farmers in foe area have 
been unable to plant crops 

Fury over 
vote in US 

By Our Foreign Staff 

The US Administration is 
furious at what is seen as a 
sharp rebuff by the Repub- 
lican-controlled Senate over 
South African sanctions, al- 
though its public response to 
Friday's Senate vote for a 
package of restrictive mea- 
sures has been muted. 

Mr Larry Speakes, the 
White House spokesman, said 
the vote would “impede" 
peaceful change in South Af- 
rica but made no mention of a 
possible presidential veto. Pri- 
vately. however, officials are 
expressing anger and dismay. 

In South Africa President 
Botha rejected foe vote as : 
“interference " 

Senate rebuff, page 5 

because of the fighting and 
communications have been 
cut, making it impossible to 
move food by road or river An 
SPLA spokesman here re- 
cently admitted that both 
sides were using hunger as a 

Last week the SPLA agreed 
to allow relief supplies to be 
moved in. provided the flights 
were made under its auspices. 
That agreement, however, was 
later withdrawn. 

An SPLA official here 
daimed that 13,000 Libyans 
were massing in western Su- 
dan to assist the Government 
in its drive against the SPLA. 
There has been no indepen- 
dent confirmation of this. 

Talks bet wen the SPLA and 
the Government have been 
going on in Addis Ababa, the 
Ethiopian capital, for more 
than two weeks with no 
apparent result. Both sides 
remain sharply divided — the 
SPLA demanding repeal in 
southern areas of foe cont- 
roversial Sharia law, which 
was introduced throughout 
Sudan by former President 

Mr Sadeq al-Mahdi. foe 
Prime Minister, has set up a 
committee to consider how 
the law could be repealed, but 
the SPLA regards foe Govern- 
ment attitude as unbending. 


— 1 -= iJCadougfl j 





Iran car 
bomb toll 
rises to 13 

Tehran (Reuter) — The 
death toll from a car bomb in 
the central Iranian holy city of 
Qom rose to 13 yesterday. 
Tehran radio reported. 

Initial reports said 11 peo- 
ple. including (bur children 
and three women, were killed 
and 100 were injured when the 
bomb exploded on Saturday 
Ayatollah Hossein-Ali 
Montazeri, designated succes- 
sor to Ayatollah Khomeini, 
said the attack was designed to 
trigger a cycle of violence. 

The Abrar newspaper said 
people at the scene of the 
explosion chanted slogans 
demanding execution of 
armed left-wing Mujahedin 

Athens accused, page 5 







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Fowler tackles 
hospital lists 
and plans 160 
new buildings 

By Jill Sherman 

: Mr Norman Fowler, Sec- 
; rotary of State for Social 
-Services, is to use the Con- 
servative Party conference in 
October to launch a set of 
. initiatives to help to reduce 
waiting lists, and to announce 

■ details of an ambitious health 
■service building programme 

involving 160 new hospitals. 

Last month, Mr Fowler 
asked regions to prepare their 
r.pwn action plans on how to 
ensure that the 661.249 people 
now waiting for in-patient 
treatment get seen more 

■ The regional chairmen have 
been asked to report back by 
October, although they will 
‘ then be given three years to 
produce results. 

Reducing the length of wait- 
ing lists and the time people 

■ have to wait for operations is 
known to be one of the 
Government's lop priorities 
in the run-up to a general 

■ election, and it is likely that 

■ these plans will form the basis 
of Mr Fowler’s speech in 

■ Bournemouth. 

Possible measures which 
have already been used in 
some health authorities in- 
clude: allowing health authori- 
ties to pay for treatment for 

NHS patients in private hos- 
pitals; reallocating theatre ses- 
sions by specialty; referring 
patients to other districts 
where waiting lists are shorter 
or where there is spare operat- 
ing capacity, ana building 
temporary operating theatres 
to clear backlogs. 

Mr Fowler may expect most 
health authorities to im- 
plement these measures with- 
out extra resources. 

He is likely to link the 
measures to a comprehensive 
building programme for the 
next few years. It would be 
funded with money already 
earmarked for the health ser- 

Mr Fowler is also concerned 
by problems facing inner city 
hospitals, and teaching hos- 
pitals in particular, which are 
affected by the Government's 
policy of redistributing re- 
sources to areas where services 
are underdeveloped. 

A working party looking 
into the wbole method of 
distribution is expected to 
report at the end of the year, 
but interim measures may be 
needed in the face of the 
increasing number of cam- 
paigns by doctors and Tory 
MPs for more funding. 

humps to 
slow cars 

Legislation is being in- 
troduced this autumn to allow 
local authorities to build 
“sleeping policemen” at some 
. zebra crossings to force ve- 
hicles to slow down. 

Mr John Moore. Secretary 
of State for Transport, wants 
to relax the 1983 Transport 
Act after recommendations 
from safety experts that pedes- 
trians are too vulnerable at 
zebra crossings on winding 
roads with fast-moving traffic. 

The Automobile Associ-, 
ation said that the humps 
would force motorists to re- 
duce speed to IS mph. 

“If it cuts down on the 
number of roads deaths, then 
we welcome it, but we are 
doubtful.” it said. 

“Our main objection is that 
drivers will be concentrating 
on the humps and it will be 
one more complication on the 

The association added that 
the outcome would depend 
mainly on the reaction from 
the local authorities. 




Mr Cedi Parkinson, the 
Cabinet minister forced to 
resign after the disdosure of 
his affair with Miss Sara 
Keays. his former secretary, is 
unlikely to return to a prom- 
inent political position before 
the next election, senior gov- 
ernment sources said yes- 
terday (Nicholas Wood 

But he may well play a 
behind-the-scenes role assist- 
ing the Prime Minister 
Reports in Sunday news- 
papers said that Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher wanted to make him 
chief of staff of her private 
office to help her polish the 
Government's image. 

Mr Anthony Beaumont- 
Dark, a leading backbencher, 
said that making Mr Parkin- 
son a chief of staff was a 
tremendous idea because it 
would revive his career with- 
out subjecting him to the full 
pressures of Cabinet office. 

But other backbenchers in- 
sisted that an immediate recall 
smacked of political fantasy. 

Missing husband talks to the police 

Mr Robert Healey, the 
missing husband wanted for 
questioning about the murder 
of his wife and stepdaughter, 
(all seen together above) was 
being questioned by the police 
last night 

Mr Healey, wed 37, walked 
into New Scotland Yard in 
London 00 Saturday night. 

Det Chief Sept Cfive Atkin- 
son, the man leading the 
inquiry, said. 

Officers engaged in the 
inquiry at Stockport, where 
the family lived, were sent to 
London and Mr Healey later 
travelled under escort to 

It is understood that Mr 

Healey had been bring hi a 
flat in the Harrow Road area 
of west London. 

The naked bodies of Mrs 
Greeha Healey and hear daugh- 
ter, Marie, aged 13, were 
found in a shallow grave in a 
wood In North Wales on 
Friday night. 

Mr Atkinson said yesterday 

that Mrs Healey, aged 40, had 
died from multiple fractures of 
the stall, and the girl had been 

Detectives have been look- 
ing for Mrs Healey and her 
daughter since Mr Healey left 
a smride note and his clothes 
at Prestatyn, North Wales, 
two weeks ago. 

Owen call 
for nuclear 
test ban 

By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 

Dr David Owen yesterday 
urged Mrs Margaret Thatcher 
to press for a comprehensive 
ban on the testing of unclear 

The Social Democratic 
Party leader said that his 
recent d iscussio ns with sci- 
entists and foreign leaders had 
convinced him the time is ripe 
for such an agreement. 

He claimed that technologi- 
cal progress made Western 
fears of cheating by the Soviet 
Union outdated. 

In a letter to the Prime 
Minister, Dr Owea said: “I 
think therefore yon would 
have to agree that things are 
changing rapidly and I would 
hope that the British Govern- 
ment might reconsider its 
position and become a positive 
advocate for progress in this 

“Scientists are now con- 
fident of being able to detect 
any test over 10 kOotons, and 
they are becoming more con- 
fident that there are very few 
tests of below one ldloton that 
would not now be detected.” 

A possible agreement on a 
comprehensive test ban b 
corned by the Geneva talks on 
arms control between the 
United States and the Soviet 

‘Kipper’ link to second girl 

A secretary who dis- 
appeared on Friday conkl be 
another victim of the “Mr 
Kipper” who abducted Miss 
Susannah Lamplugh, as estate 
agent, 19 days ago. 

The police released an 
artist’s impression yesterday 
of a man they would like to 
interview in connection with 
the disappearance of Miss 
Sarah Lambert, who has not 
been seen since being offered a 
“fantastic” job as personal 
assistant It is strikingly simi- 
lar to that of Mr Kipper. 

“Mr Simmons” is also dark- 
haired, smart tanned, with an 
almost identical mouth and 
hooded eyes, but unlike Mr 
Kipper he wore his hair 
forward and swept to one sitfe. 
“Mr Simmons” is described as 
about 40, 5 ft 10 ins tafl, slim, 
with dark hair and a London 

Miss Lamplugh, aged 25, 
disappeared after taking a 
man to see an empty house in 
Shorrolds Road, Fulham, 
south-west London. Miss 

Lambert also 25, vanished 
after setting out to meet a man 
at South Ealing Tube station. 

Mr Brown said that Miss 
Lambert's kidnapper, who 
called himself J. Simmons, 
appeared “very cunning, cold 
and calculating.” Miss Lam- 
bert of Churchfield Road, 
Ealing, was last seen at break- 
fast on Friday when she went 
to keep a rendezvous with the 


She said she was going with 
her new employer for a work- 
ing weekend at the Grown 
Hotel in Amersham, 
Buckinghams hire. 

Anyone with information 
conerning Miss Lambert 
should call the police on 01- 
900-7251, 01-900-7252 or 01- 
900-7212. When last seen she 
was wearing a green half- 
length dress and had a cream 

Sarah Lambert and an impression of “Mr Simmons”. 

Labour claim on MI5 
book is ‘nonsense’ 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 




To celebrate the second year of die Dunhill Cup, an event 
has been devised which should prove equally as exciting. 

And the winner will receive £15,000 worth of Dunhill 

Simply visit your nearest Dunhill store before the 19th of 
September and enter your name and address on a leaflet. No 
purchase is necessary. You will then be matched with one of 
the forty-eight players competing in the final at St. Andrews. 

If your player scores the best individual round, vour name 
will gfc into a draw. The first name drawn will win the first prize of 
£15,000 worth of Dunhill merchandise of their own choosing. The 
next five will win a second prize of a Dunhill watch, and there will 
be prizes of Dunhill silver-plated Dress Pens for the next 100 names 

Naturally, as the Dunhill Cup has become the world’s 
premier team gol ring event, you will be able to follow your player’s 
progress by watching the live coverage on BBC Television. And 
with a ‘srake’ in the action, you should find this final even more 
exciting than last years. 

Visit DunhiU in London at Duke Street, St James's, 
Burlington Arcade and at Harrods, Selfridges and Harvey Nichols. 


A leading Conservative law- 
yer yesterday dismissed as 
nonsense a Labour claim that 
the Government is indulging 
in “cynical contortions” in its 
attempt to stop publication in 
Australia of a book by a 
former MI5 officer, Mr Peter 
Wright The book alleges that 
treachery is rife in the security 

The charge by Mr John* 
Morris, Labour's legal aftaiis 
spokesman, was made after 
the Government tokl the New 
South Wales Supreme Court 
that “for the purposes of these 
proceedings” it . admitted the 
truth of the allegations made 
in the book. These indude the 
claim that the late Sir Roger 
Hollis, the former head of 
MI5, was a Russian agent 

Later, Sir Michael Havers, 

Attorney General, and Sir 
Patrick Mayhew, Solidtor 
General, issued a statement 
saying the admission had no 
validity outside foe proceed- 

Yesterday, Mr Ivan Law- 
rence, QC foe Tory member 
for Burton, said Mr Morris 
had completely misunder- 
stood ministers' intentions. 

“This wasn't an admission 
that foe allegations were true. 
The Government was saying 
no more than 'let us assume 
for foe sake of argument they 
may be true to save lime in 
investigating all these 
allegations'” Speaking on 
BBC Radio 4, Mr Lawrence 
said this was normal legal 
procedure and had been done 
to dear foe way for the 
Crown's case 

Lord Fitt 
for heart 

Lord Fitt, aged 60, former 
leader of foe Social Demo- 
cratic and Labour Party in 
Ulster, is to have major heart 
surgery tomorrow after tests 
discovered be is adfering 
from damaged and diseased- 

Formerly known as Gerry 
Fitt, the life peer is to have 
bypass surgery after a. heart 
attack 12 days ago and win be 
operated on in the National 
Heart Hospital in London. 

Hxs wife Ann said yesterday 
after the couple had attended 
mass near, their home in 
London: “He is being very 
brave and courageous about 
the whole thing. I hope this 
will make him slow down a 

World Chess Championship 

Time beats Karpov 
in eighth game 

By Raymond Keene, Chess Correspondent . 

I have witnessed crowds for Knight and, freed with foe 

dilemma of where to place his 
attacked Rook, the former 
world champion allowed his 
clock flag to fall, thus indicat- 
ing that he bad lost on time 

In the final position a likely 
continuation would be 31 
RdZ 32 Qe7, RddS, 33 Rxf7. 
when black is in grave danger. 

The match score is now two 
wins to Kasparov, one to 
Karpov, with five games 
drawn. Unless an adjourn- 
ment is sought, foe match 
resumes tonight. 

going berserk at the conclu- 
sion of chess games in Mos- 
cow but in London on Friday 
night for foe first time I saw 
Bntish chess enthusiasts nse 
to their feet in a storm of 

Some called out Gary 
Kasparov's name as chan 
lenger Anatoly Karpov lost 
foe eighth game of foe world 
chess championship on time 

At the moment of Karpov s 
[.loss grandmasters were soil 
totally confused as to whether 
the former champion was fee- 
ing defeat across foe board. 

As Dutch grandmaster Jan 
Timman, fifth ranked player 
in foe world vainly sought to 
explain foe final position in 
The Times commentary 
room, the audience swept out 
of the room and streamed 
towards the ballroom of the 
Park Lane Hotel, central Lon- 
don, where most of foe spec- 
tators were still applauding 

The opening, a Queen’s 
Gambit Declined, seemed 
headed for equality but on 
move 16 Karpov opted for an 
incredibly risky pawn snatch 
with bis Queen on foeextreme 
edge of the board. 

White’s pieces swirled 
menacingly without, however, 
being able to land a decisive 
blow, but as Karpov fell into 
deeper and deeper trouble 
with his clock eveiyone in foe 
hall sensed a decisive result 
was in foe offing. 

On move 31 Kasparov de- 
clined Karpov’s offer of Rook 

American player takes 
a half point lead 

By Harry Gotonbek, Chess Ctirrespondeat 

The American grandmaster Thipsay %, Conquest %. 
de Firraian had a half point i„ nsi.nH iw rnnn.»> * 
lead at the end of the sixth 
round of the Commonwealth 
Open Championship. 

The strong tournament, be- 
ing held at foe Great Eastern 
Hotel in London under the 
sponsorship of foe London 
Docklands Development 
Corporation and the City of 
London Corporation, has at- 
tracted many intentatinal 
masters and grandmasters. 

Sharing second place, on 5 
points, are Hjartarson and 

In round six, de Ffrmian 
beat foe English IM captain, 

Hebden, and Hjartarson won 
against Murey, of IsraeL 
" Other results: Haskett 1, 

Vvohl O, Ravisekhar % Agnos 

!6; Kummer 0, Prasad 1; 17 RE B5 While resigned 







17 WS 


2 c4 


18 Bh6 


3 Nc3 


19 Gh5 




20 Qg4 




21 Qg3 


6 e3 


22 BS 


7 Bd3 

8 NO 

. c5 

23 Bxn7 

24 Rib 




5 feo7 


10 dxc5 


26 NS 


11 h3 


27 Rffi 


12 QxS 


28 Qg5 


13 Net 


29 KM 


14 Radi 


30 Nd4 




31 Qxe6 

16 taa 


Black lost 

on time. 

had beaten Martinovsky in a 

highly tactical game. 

White: Martinovsky Blade 



d6 18 fill 



NS 19 a4 


3 Nc3 

gB 20 Nd4 


4 NO 

Bg7 2texd5 



c5 22 Bafi 


6 Bg2 

cxd* 23Nxd5 



Bg4 24 Nc3 


8 Qd2 

00 25N&5 



QbS 26 Nxb5 


10 Nb3- 

Nc6 -27 N»7 


11 Qel 

ND4 28 Re2 



Racff 29Rxa4 


13 83 

NCS 30Ra5 


14 061 ■ 

N65 3TN65 


15 Be3 

Qa5 32 Qf2 


16 13 

Bd7 33 Nxc7 


Secrets Act attacked 

The Campaign for Freedom 
of Information, a pressure 
group led by Mr Des Wilson, 
foe Liberal Party president, 
will today mark the seventy- 
fifth anniversary of the Of- 
ficial Secrets Act with a party 
at the House of Commons. 

The group wants to register 
a protest at the long life of the 

The campaign will put on 
parade five people charged 
under the Act 
They indude Mr Jonathan 
Ailken, Conservative MP for 
Thanet South, who was un- 
successfully prosecuted for 

passing on details or govern- 
ment policy during the Ni- 
gerian civil war. ana Mr Clive 
Panting, the Civil. Servant 
who was acquitted of charges 
that he unlawfully passed 
information about foe Falk- 
lands conflict to Mr Tam 

The first Official Secrets Act 
was passed in 1889, but in 
Spite of later amendments, the 
Act in force today is that 
passed in 191 1 during foe prc- 
First World War period when 
the Government feared Gor- 
man spies were , active in 

Tourism in Northern Ireland 

Visitors deterred by image of trouble 

By Richard Ford 

Far from the troubled image 
of Northern Ireland portrayed 
around the world, the Japa- 
nese Ambassador to Loudon 
yesterday strode the g re ens 
and feinrays of one of the 
province’s golf courses. 

With seven Japanese 
businessmen he was setting an 
example that the tourist board 
wishes others would follow by 
seeing for himself another aide 
to Ulster life. 

Mr Toshhio Yamasaki was 
fulfilling a promise made after 
his first visit three months ago 
by taking friends for a golfing 
weekend at the resort of 
Newcastle, Co Down. “1 like 
the beautiful scenery and the 
people in Northern Ireland are 
very kind to os, I hope my 
guests will be craning back,” 
he said. 

But the pictures of riokoce 
and disastrous summer 
weather are causing a slump in 
the province’s tounst industry: 
foe number of visitors is 
expected to fall for the second 
year running. 

Yet visitors need baldly see 

the worst effects of “loyalist” 
opposition to the Anglo-Irish 
agreement or the results of 
Provisional IRA terrorism. 
Most parts of the province 
remain hugely untouched by 
foe violence in its two cities 
and flashpoint towns. 

With lakes, hills, a dramatic . 
coastline and sparsely 
vehicled roads, foe province 
has much to offer. Since foe 
start of the present “troubles”, 
die Northern Ireland Tourist 
Board . has faced an uphill 
struggle to persuade foe world 
there Is another side to that 
seen on telerisou and in 

The peak year was 1967, 
when 1.08 million visitors 
arrived for 24 boors or more. 
Nine years later that had 
fallen to 432,000, rising slowly 
to 908,000 in 1984 and bring- 
ing predictions that foe million 
figure would soon be passed. ■ 

A poor summer last year 
saw a drop of 5 per cent, to 
863,000, and an international 
company of travel consultants 
predicts that there could be a 
10 per emit fell in 1986. The 

million figure now appears a 
distant hope. 

The consultants’ report 
said: “Although Northern Ire- 
land is increasingly recognized 
as an excellent tourist dekttut- 
tMHi by the travel trade, politi- 
cal troubles in the province 
continue to impede and hinder 
further progress.” 

Last year 419,000 visitors 
were from Great Britain, 

331.000 from- the Irish Repub- 
lic, 63,000 from North Amer- 
ica. 28,000 from Europe and 

22.000 from foe rest Of foe 
worlds Of those, 111,000 were 
on holiday. 

With unpredictable 
weather, foe tourist board has 
promoted specialist activity 
holidays such as fishing and 
cruising in the Co Fermanagh 
lakeland, sailing along the 
coast and golfing and pony 

The German, Dutch and 
Swiss return annually but the 
British marker remains a 
problem because ■ of the 
amount of coverage the prov- 
ince receives in the media. 

Mr Eric Tboriey, of the 

tourist board, said: “We are 
stowty w arning through, mak- 
ing people realize it is not as 
bad as it appears, but with 
each upsurge in violence foe 
numbers dip again.” 

The industry employes 
9,000 people and during the 
next three years another 600 
jobs are expected to be created 
as people are encouraged to 
develop aa area that many 
believe has been neglected 
during foe past 30 years. 

But while the province at- 
tempts to attract more visitors, 
78 per cent of its own holiday- 
makers leave for destinations 
away from home. Only 22 per 
cent remain in Ulster- 
. The republic also expects 
tittle growth hi its tourist 
industry because of the gen- 
eral eoonomfc situation, disas- 
trous weather and the 
unsettled political climate. 
Visitors from North America 
are expected to be as much as 
25 per cent down. 

The republic is during tour- 
ist board .offices in Bir- 
mingham, Manchester, 
Glasgow, San Francisco ami 

Inquiry into Ulster work threats 

Continued from page 1 
company say that foe names 
are tittle more than those of 
Caiholics.The company said it 
was investigating! 

The incident cranes as the 
outlawed loyalist paramilitary 
group, foe Ulster Freedom 
Fighters, issued a warning to 
Catholics to stay away from 
places of work In largely 
loyalist areas during times of 
heightened tension. 

Tension is high in Lisburn, 
a small predominantly loyal- 
ist town several miles from 
Belfast, where Catholics have 
come to fear the sound of 


breaking glass followed by foe 
smefl of burning as their front 
room erupts in flame. 

The intimidation is aimed 
not only at Catholic fezniltes 
but at those in mixed mar- 
riages. Such attacks have 
forced more than 300 people 
to flee their homes during the 
past four months. 

In Lisburn, about 124 
Catholic families have been 
attacked on mixed housing 
estates. So fer 77 families have 
been . rehoused with many 
returning to Catholic housing 
estates in west BelfastAa other 

47 are awaiting suitable 

Mr Seamus Close, an Alli- 
ance party councillor,, said: 
“This is part, of a concerted 
effort to drive Catholics out of 
tbe town. The * Catholic 
community is being 


The petrol-bomb attacks be- 
gan shortly after the loyalist 
“day of action” in March 
when gangs intimidated police 
and prison . officers. When 
those stopped, the targets 
became nationalist families. 

. Some, such as Mr John 
McMahon,, aged 42, whose; 

home was attacked last week, 
have vowed to remain on the 
mixed housing estate which 
has been their home for the 
past 18 years but others have 
moved out. 

During sporadic distur- 
bances in eight towns during 
the weekend, loyalists and 
nationalists dashed with po- 
lice, injuring 16 RUC officers. 
Six civilians were slightly 
injured and the security forces 
made 75 arrests. 

Plastic bullets were fired to 
disperse small groups of riot- 
ing mobs. ' 

Fears for 

Continaed from page 1 

walk to foe small settlement of 
Skardu. . 

Reports yesterday from 
Islambad and Warsaw in- 
dicated that two Poles. 
Droboslawa Miodowicz-Wolf, 
the daughter of a newly elected 
member of tbe Politburo, and 
Wojeiech Wroz fell to their 
deaths during foe descent after 
a technical mishap involving 
weak ropes. 

Two Austrians. Alfred 
Alsredmitzer and Tadeusz 
Piogrowski, were believed to 
have died of hunger and 
oxygen starvation. 

_ It was not dear whether foe 
eight were climbing as one 
team or had split up. The only 
survivors appeared to be foe 
two other. Austrians. Willy 
Pauer and Mr Diembcreer, 
both of whom are suffering 
from severe frost bite. 

Mr Diembetger. a camera- 
man aged 54. said from the 
hospital in Skardu: “We 
waited and waited, bat the 
storm would not abate. So 
Willy and I broke through 
when we saw a chance on 
August 10.” Everyone would 
have made the descent safely 
but for foe terrible weather. 

He and . Mrs Tullis were 
believed to have reached foe 
summit of foe north-west 
ridge on August 4. Then foe 
atrocious weather that has 
frequently bedevilled teams 
on “Savage Mountain" this 
year struck again.' 

Mr Rouse, who attended 
Birkenhead School before get- 
ting an honours . degree in 
mathematics from Cambridge 
University, took up climbing 
atfoe age of 17. After a trip to 
foe Andes he joined Chris 
Bonnington on the. first 
successful attempt on Mount 
Rongur m the Himalayas .in 


r, ^ 

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■V ?'*) 

;.■ " i‘i\i • 

, ’•. . .-. 

“ Hl ; , 
-l i]. ! 

': .... :>. 

* • ■;. ■ *>4. 

•rican p layer tai 
half point lead 

llftilt . , ... _ . 

* ‘^poniQ 

rets Act attack 


Fears I 
elin^ ! 

4*-’ ' •*• 

.w.rr s; 



Cor some 

An amnesty proposal that evhably lead to controversy if 
would let social security it is adopted by the Govern- 

By David Sapsted 

evnably lead to controversy if ing to it easier for people 

frauds escape tax bills running 
into miUiohs of pounds is to 
be submitted to Treasury min- 
isters at the end of the month. 

The proposal would entail 
the Inland Revenue -ignoring 

merit. But Mr Graham 
Mather, bead of the institute's 
policy unit, believes the plan 
is in tune with government 

• "Whether it is accepted or 

the unpaid tax on past, illegal not depends on how con- 
eanungs of some social se- cerned yon are about im- 
purity recipient^ if they opted employment and how politic- 
fora new, simplified system of ally important it is for you to 

getting self-employed status. 

The scheme, intended to 
dovetail with the Govertt- 
menfs attack on the black 
economy, is aimed at getting 
people off unemployment 
benefit and legitimately 
operating as selfemployed. 

Under the proposals, drawn 
up by the Institute of Direc- 
tors (IoDX the amnesty would 
apply only to people in areas 
of high unemployment who 
had been . “moonli ghting " 
while receiving benefit, and 
not to those in parts of the 
country where unemployment 
was lower. . 

The selective nature of the 
scheme and public antipathy 
towards lax dodgers will Lo- 

be seen to be doing something 
about it,” he said yesterday. 

"What we are trying to do is 
to provide proposals which 
are compatible with present 
government policies, are cost- 
effective and in time with the 
national economy, and will get 
people out of the Made 

The black economy is es- 
timated to cost the Treasury 
about £6 billion a year in lost 
tax and, in a recent survey for 
tiie Committee for Research 
into Public Attitudes, more 
than a third of unemployed 
men aged between 18 and 34 
admitted to doing work for 
cash while receiving benefit 

The institute has been press- 

lo get self-employed status. 
Earlier this summer, Mr Nor- 
man Lament, F inancial Sec- 
retary to the Treasury, com- 
mitted the Government to 
looking at ways of cutting red 
tape to gel a fairer system. 

The tax amnesty proposals 
form part of a package being 
submitted to the Government 
The institute's aim is to 
increase the numbers of self- 
employed by 100,000 a year 
over the next five years by 
Introducing a simple, statu- 
tory right to choose self- 
employed status. 

A Whitehall spokesman 
said yesterday that a similar 
idea in Northern Ireland had 
fed to “chaos" 

Mr Michael Forsyth, 
Conservative MP for Stirling, 
who prut forward a 10- minute- 
rule Bill last year in an attempt 
to simplify the system for 
registering as setfemployed, 
said he thought that the idea 
behind an amnesty was sound. 
However, he wonld want to 
explore the details before giv- 
ing it his support 

Prince to 
star in 
ITN film 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales are to star in a two-part 
television special about their 
private and public fives. 

The two one-hour pro- 
grammes being made by ITN 
are among ‘the hi ghlig hts of 
ITYs £70 million line-up for 
the autumn. 

The ITV season macks the 
return of the actor, Dirk 1 
Bogarde, starring in Graham i 
Greene's comedy of sexual I 
manners, May We Borrow \ 
Your Husband. The actor also 
wrote the screenplay, which is 
his first. 

Tire line-up of drama pro- 
grammes includes seven new 
series and six single plays; by 
writers including John Morti- 
mer, Jack Rosenthal and Bay! 
Bain bridge. 

There are four new situation 
comedies, including Penelope 
Keith and Geoffrey Palmer in 
Executive Stress , about a 
woman succeeding in a man's 

FDrns and bought-in series 
for the season include the 
Bond film. For Your Eyes 
Only, and the mini-senes. 
North And South, set in the 
years leading up to the Ameri- 
can Civil War. 

New record for windsurfing 

; „ <yv- _ £ ■ -v _ 




Birth pill declines 
in popularity 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

Tests on vaccine 
for meningitis 

Hie decline and fait of the 
pill as the first choice in 
contraception has been pre- 
dicted by. a leading family 
planning specialist. 

Worries among women 
about the possible health risk 
have speeded a trend towards 
other methods, with men tak- 
ing more responsibility. Miss 
Kaye Writings, research offi- 
cer erf the Family Planning 
Association, gays. 

The number of British 
women wring the p31 dropped 
by 10 per cent between 1975 
and 1983, and is still faffing, 
she reports in the latest issue 

sugg e sting a fink with can cer 
of the breast and cervix, had 
led fo noticeably fewer women 
seeking the pHQL 

Anjong married or co- 
habiting women aged 18 to 44 
the drop in pffi usage has bees 
most marked, with it being 
replaced by sterilization. 

Such surgery is now the 

By Jill Sherman 

Scientists in Wiltshire are The 
preparing a new vaccine oratory 
against meningitis which they also to 
hope to be able to use by next vaccine 
year. • The 1 

The vaccine, discovered in ganism 
the United States by Dr Carl of the d 
Frasch. of the Bureau of countrj 
Biologies in Betbesda, Mary- strain 
land, will be tested soon by Suoud, 

of The British Journal of By 1983, almost as many men 
Family Planning. as women were being 

Although it is still the sterilized, 
preferred method of most The reason may be im- 
_ women, more adverse publicity- proved services for men. 
conld bring about a farther “But there is evidence, too, 
decline in its popularity. Miss of an increased awareness on 
Wellings says. the part of men of the health 

■ Many women abandoned risks of other methods of 
the treatment writer evidence in contraception need by 
1977 tfaat fongrtonanseof oral wpmeo,” Miss Writings says, 
contraceptives. was associated; Ypanger. women still prefer 
with increased risk of cardio- it ^ almost half of all females 
vascular disea^- * aged 18-29 three years ago’— 

The more . recent scare, --rlmt there: are dear nips that 
started .by reports in The they, Too,' are. bolting at other 
Lancet three years ago, methods. 

most popular method of scientists at the Centre for 
contraception in women over Applied Microbiology Re- 
30, and is “easily the most search at Porton Down in 
dramatic trend” to emerge Wiltshire. 

from the General Household 

Survey of 1983. f'X. 1 _ 

In 1970, seven women were f 111*11 rbfl 
sterilized for every three men. V/IUU UU 

The public health lab- 
oratory in Manchester will 
also to help assess the nw 

1 The laboratory analyses or- 
ganisms from different strains 
of the disease from all over the 
country including the BI5 
strain affecting children in 
Stroud, Gloucestershire. 

Separate research on the 
vaccine is being carried out by 
Wellcome Research Labor- 
atory in Kent. 

Simon Boraboft arriving yester- 
day in Brighton to beat the world 

duecMurari. Mr Boraboft, aged 
2L, of Havant, Hampshire, spent 
90 boors 45 minutes and 55 
seconds on his board between 
Weymoeth in Dorset and Brigh- 
ton. He was allowed only a five- 
minute break each bon- and 
relied on paste and hot drinks 
for stamina to complete the 300- 
mile course. The prerioas 
record-holder was Marco 
Topdemir, of France. Mr 
Boraboft was greeted by Miss 
Danelle Devereaux (right), his 
girl friend, before collapsing 
exhausted on the beach (Photo- 
graphs: Peter Trievnor). 

will pay 
for trip to 

A grandmother from Edin- 
burgh was yesterdays outright 
winner of the weekly Portfolio 
Gold prize of £8.000. 

Mrs Margaret Oddy. aged 
60, of Findhorn Place, said 
that she had been playing 
since the game was started, 
but was teased by her family 
who thought she would never 

“Only my four-year-old 
grandson. Kenneth, thought I 
would win, and he was not at 
all surprised when 1 told him 
the news.” 

Mrs Oddy said that she 
would probably spend most of 
her winnings on her family, 
but she also wanted to take 
advantage of the windfall to 
visit some friends in 

“I don't think there will be 
much left over, but I would like 
to save some of the money if I 

She said that she had been 
reading The Times since she 
was 15. when her father used 
to buy it, and would continue to 
play Portfolio Gold. 

Readers who experience 
difficulty obtaining a gold card 
should send a stamped ad- 
dressed envelope to: 

Portfolio Gold. 

The Times, 

PO Bov 40, 



Fishing gift 

A boat adapted to lake two 
wheelchairs has been pro- 
vided for disabled anglers at 
Grafham Water reservoir near 
Huntingdon. Cambridgeshire, 
by the Country Landowners 

Police postings abroad 
to halt drug trafficking 

By Stewart TemHer.Crime Reporter 
Senior police drugs invest]- nabis and cocaine from South 

gators are hoping to post more 
detectives abroad as 
permameni tiason officers 
with foreign forces in Europe 
and the United States. 

It would be part of an 
expanded campaign against 
leading international drug 
traffickers which is under 
discussion at Scotland Yard, 
the Foreign Office and the 
Home Office. 

The moves come when 
greater European co-operation 
on drug problems is being 
discussed within the EEC this 

Liaison officers, usually 
based at British embassies, 
provide ways to speed up co- 
operation and exchanges of 

Scotland Yard already has a 
liaison officer working in 
Amsterdam but an officer for 
Madrid has been proposed 
before the end of the year. 

The search has started for 
an officer of the right rank and 
experience who speaks 

Investigators are worried 
that Spain is being used as a 
main staging point for can- 


The Spanish authorities 
have already agreed to a 
Scandinavian officer working 

Senior British officers 
would also like to strengthen 
the Dutch liaison operation by 
posting a second man to The 

They would like to post a 
man full-time in Washington 
to work with the federal 
agencies and Canadian 
authorities and monitor the 
American hemispheres. 

Senior officers say that the 
liaison officers help to im- 
prove the flow of information 
and investigations. - 

Other countries including 1 
West Germany and Chnada , 
have a large number of baton, 
officers working m different 

The Drug Enforcement 
Agency, which ‘ heads the 
American operation against 
traffickers, now has three 
agents in Britain. 

British customs officers 
have already been posted to a 
number of regions including 
South America and the Mid- 
dle East. 

Curb on 

A nationwide campaign will 
be launched next month to try 
to curb the activities of un- 
trained and unregistered elec-- 

The Government will be 
urged to impose tougher con- 
trols on the trade by the 
Electrical Contractors Associ- 
ation. representing Britain's 
leading companies, which 
says: “At the moment anyone 
can become an electrician 
simply by having a business 
card printed." 

Britain is the only country 
in western Europe that has no 
legal control over electricians 

Writs issued 
over gas blast 

British Gas and John l- gmg 
Construction are being sued in 
the High Coon for£l million 
damages over the gas explo- 
sion disaster in Putney, south- 
west London, in 1985. 

They are contesting writs, 
alleging negligence and breach 
of duty, issued by 68 survi- 
vors. insurance companies 
and relatives of the eight 
people who died when a 
fractured gas main exploded. 

Stubble check 

Fanners can be fined up to 
£2,000 for contravening new 
by-laws while burning straw 
and stubble in Norfolk. The 
by-laws, introduced by all the 
county’s district councils, aim 
to reduce harvest-time fires in 

Shops centre 

Planners have given ap- 
proval for a £40 million 
shopping development on 85 
acres of land in Colwick, 
Nottinghamshire, which 
would create up to 3,000 jobs. 

Where do the major retailers 

go shopping for 

m hl 

Office staff poorly trained 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 


The education and training 
of the average office worker in 
France is superior to that in 
England, according to re- 
search published by The Na- 
tional Institute of Economic 
and Social Research. 

France produces 10 times 
more trained office staff than 
Britain, and they reach higher 
standards than their British 
counterparts both in office 
skills and in general educa- 
tion, Miss Hilary Steed man, 
anther of the document, says. 

Qualified French workers 
have studied a foreign lan- 
guage but this is the exception 
m England. 

“It has been clear for some 
time that the limited abilities 
of secretarial and clerical staff 
in Britain to handle simple 
inquiries in a foreign language 
have hindered export sales,” 
the document says. 

A team from the institute 
examined education and train- 
ing for office work in Britain 
and France. 

They found that French 
firms are increasingly recruit- 
ing only highly qualified cleri- 
cal staff, and giving them far 
more responsibility through 
new technology. 

French employers are look- 
ing for office workers with the 
Bac G. This is the equivalent 
of two A levels, but covers a 
broader range of subjects, half 
of which are geared to office 

By contrast, British employ- 
ers continue to recruit young 
people with good O levels and 
a typing qualification, and give 
them fairly menial tasks. 

The main difference be- 
tween French and British 
training for clerical work is 
that French students go on 
fall-time courses lasting two or 
three years, and this forms 
part of their secondary 

British' trainees go on short 
foil or part-time courses after 
they leave schooL 

French pupils can choose 
between four nationally- 
administered levels of voca- 
tional examinations and 
qualifications below university 
standard, which test a range of 
vocational skills and knowl- 

British clerical qualifica- 
tions tend to be based on tests 
in single subjects, and are 
narrow and easier to master. 

-ini rial qualifications, such 

as CSE and BTEC General 

(Business and Tech n i cian 
Education Council), although 
laying the foundations of 
training, can no longer be 
regarded as sufficient prepara- 
tion for efficient work within a 
modem communications 
system.” the document says. 

“Very many more of 
Britain's potential office 
employees win need to be 
educated to the s tan dard of 
approximately Royal Society 
of Arts Grade n- encompass- 
ing business calculations, 
bookkeeping, keyboarding 
and business practice — if its 
industry and commerce is to 
have at its disposal a clerical 
workforce of the same calibre 
as has for long been regarded 
as normal in France and 

The institute criticizes the 
Business and Technician 
Education Council for failing 
to set nationwide . examina- 
tions on the French roodeL 

Vocational training in France 
and Britain: office work, by 
Hilary Sieedman (Discussion 
Paper No 14. National Institute 
of Economic and Social Re- 
search. 2 Dean Trench Street 
Smith Square, London SWIP 

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Energy saving: 1 

New town points the 
way to a world of 
fuel efficient houses 

On a seven-acre site at 
Milton Keynes. 32 developers 
from the United Kingdom 
and overseas have built 50 of 
the most energy efficient 
houses to be seen in Britain. 
Designs range from the con- 
ventional to the most imagi- 
natively futuristic, costing 
from less than £30.000 for a 
one-bedroom flat to more 
than £150,000 for a detached 
house. The development re- 
flects a growing awareness of 
the importance of home-run- 
ning costs as energy prices rise 
and modern living demands 
more and more power-hungry 

Mixers, microwaves and 
whirlpool baths all add to 
costs, and there is likely to be 
an increasing emphasis in the 
future on energy saving, a 
campaign backed with enthu- 
siasm by Mr Peter Walker, 
Secretary of State for Energy. 

With the support of his 
department, the Milton 
Keynes Development 
Corporation is mounting this 
first exhibition in its energy 
park, with the Anglia Building 
Society as co-sponsors. The 
four-week exhibition is ex- 
pected to attract 100,000 vis- 
itors. and will be followed by a 
special ‘business week' 
concentrating in greater tech- 

opens at Milton Keynes, Buckii 

Saturday. In the first of two article. — 

Wamum, Property Correspondent, looks forward to 
the exhibition ana ii 

inghamshire, on 
icles, Christopher 

its aims. 

ideal detail on the homes and 
designs on show. The houses 
will be sold after the ex- 

The coal, gas and electricity 
supply industries will be dem- 
onstrating their fuel conserva- 
tion techniques and energy 
efficient equipment from the 
UK, Scandinavia. West Ger- 
many. the United States and 
Canada is incorporated in 
designs from Britain, Sweden, 
Finland. Canada, Germany, 
Denmark and Poland. 

The houses demonstrate the 
substantial savings that can be 
made by ensuring good insula- 
tion and include a whole range 
of measures such as solar 
systems, heat storage, heat 
pumps and low energy lighting 
to bring down costs. 

To measure savings, Milton 
Keynes has developed its own 
energy cost index, which pro- 
duces an estimate of a house's 
iota! annual energy costs per 
square metre. 

At present a house built to 
UK building regulations 
would achieve an energy cost 
index rating of about 170, 
higher than that of homes 
built to the standards of many 
other countries. The Milton 
Keynes Development 
Corporation has seta standard 
for the exhibition bouses of 
120. representing a saving in 
the region of 30 per cent. 
Energy saving has been a 
priority from the earliest plan- 
ning stages of the energy park, 
and detailed she studies, 
including the most com- 
prehensive micro-climate re- 
search undertaken in the UK, 
have produced planning and 
landscaping guidelines. 

The planting of wind shel- 
ters and earth shaping, to slow 
down crosswinds and deflect 
cold air currents, is estimated 
to reduce annual home foe! 
bills by up to 10 per cent 

Tomorrow: how houses save 

Dylan lets 
blow in 
the wind 

By Michael McCarthy 
Bob Dylan, the American 
singer who best articulated the 
intense feelings of the genecar 
tikm who grew up in the sixties, 
gave a rare press conference in 
London yesterday, and true to 
form at such events, said very 


Dylan has always eschewed 
public pronouncements in fa- 
vour of the cryptic grant, and 
yesterday was no exception. 

In England to star in a /Dm 
about a retired rock and roll 
singer, and facing the press 
with his director and co-stara 
to publicize it, he answered 
more than 40 questions with 
shrags, shakes of the bead and 

The ageing army of Dylan 
enthusiasts who require more 
information may like to know 
that the singer, who is aged 45, 
will be in Britain for six weeks 
shooting the film, entitled 
Hearts of Fire, the story of the 
love rivalry between a faded 
and redusfre American rod 
star, played by Dylan, and a 
young English singer at the 
peak of his fame, played by 
Rupert Everett The object of 
their affections is an American 
girl played by the singer, 
Fiona Flanagan- 

Sitting in the National Filin 
Theatre in fringed leather 
jacket and dark grasses, Dylan 
gave away nothing new about 
himself except that he is 

Bob Dylan in London yesterday (Photograph: Chris Harris). 

reading a life of Ulysses S. 

Asked why he agreed to 
make the fflm^ he said : “Uh, 
I’m really doing nothing right 
now and it seemed like a good 
tiling to do." Asked what he 
thought of England, he said : 

“Uh, Hove it” Asked what his 
plans were after making the 
film, he said : “Just maybe, 
yon know, drift aromuL” 

Asked if he regretted the 
myths and legends that sur- 
rounded him he shook his 
head and said “Uh-oh.” 
Asked it were he now to- 
rewrite one of his most famous 
songs, “The Times They Are 
A-Omrijrag’’, which was al- 
most the anthem of the protest 
movements of the mid-sixties, 
tiw words would be different or 
the same, he replied -.“The 

Police authority 
left to deride 

By Stewart Tendb 

Preparations are under way 
for a security company to 
deliver copies of the report on 
Mr John Stalker, the sus- 
pended deputy chief constable 
of Greater Manchester, to 
more than 40 members of the 
force's police authority. 

Later this week the author- 
ity will examine recommenda- 
tions in the report by Mr Colrn 
Sampson, chief constable of 
West Yorkshire, and decide 
whether possible evidence 
that Mr Stalker, aged 47, may 
have committed minor 
breaches of force regulations 
should be taken father. 

Mr Sampson is undostood 
to have left the onus on the 
authority to decide what 
should be done. 

It could decide the matters 
are- too trivial — they are said 
to refer to the use of police 
cars — to warrant further ac- 
tion. Or it could opt for an 
investigation by a disciplinary 

The tribunal would be 
formed under the aegis of the 
Lord Chancellor, Lord 
Haflsham of St Marylebone. 

The Manchester police 
authority, created after the 
abolition of the Greater Man- 
chester Metropolitan Council, 
consists of 15 magistrates and 
30 local councillors. 

Several leading councillors 
have expressed support for Mr 
Stalker and hope that no 

r. Crime Reporter 
further action should be taken. 

When Mr Stalker was sus- 
tded earlier this year, Mr 

upson, working . fa. the 

Manchester authority and the 
Police Complaints Authority, 
began investigations .which 
included, the use of police 
vehicles and situations which 
arose out of Mr Stalker's 
friendship with Mr Kevin 
Taylor, a Manchester 

Yesterday The Sunday 
Times reported that police 
had examined the activities of 
Mr Stanley Nin, a .leading 
Manchester member of the 
Conservative Party, and a 
Midlands charity. 

In .investigating Mr 
Stalker’s friendship with Mr 
Taylor. Mr Sampson, accord- 
ing to the newspaper, looked 
at the activities of Mr Nin, a 
former treasurer of the Man- 
chester Conservative. 

Mr Nin was brought into 
Conservative circles by Mr 
Taylor. Staffordshire police 
had been - investigating Mr 
Nin’s involvement with the 
Vincent Foundation, a charity 
based in Stoke-on-Trent. 

According to the newspaper 
yesterday, Mr Nin said that he 
had never been introduced to 
Mr Stalker who said he could 
not ever remember meeting 
Mr Nin. 



future of Stalker 

iith * 

stork'* ftt 

A break with tradition. 

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angry over 
cut nets 

A new war at sea was 
threatened yesterday after 
Cornish trawlers lost £5,000 in 
equipment to French skippers. 

The British boats, which sail 
out of Newquay, have lost 

thousands of pounds in fish- 

far xhi 

ing gear so tor this year to 
French boats which ignore 
marker buoys and cut through 
nets. The latest incident hap- 
pened 20 miles off Newquay. 

Mr Frank Dungey, a local 
skipper, said: “We know there 
were four boats from 7 Cher- 
bourg in the area. 

“All the French boats know 
the positions where we are 
fishing but there is a handful 
who ignore all the signs. It is 
about time the Government 
did something to help us 
because some skippers could 
go out of business.” ■ 




Conservative plans to send 
Mis Margaret Thatcher on a 
meet-tbe-people tour in the 
run-up to the general election 
have been welcomed by oppo- 
sition MPs. 

They are convinced that the 
strategy, aimed at promoting 
the Prune Minister as a more 
humane and caring figure, will 
backfire on. the Government 
Mr George Foulkes, Labour 
MPforCamck, Cumnock and 
Does Valley, said: “Trying to 
package Mrs Thatcher as a 
humane and caring person is 
like trying to sell -Dracula as a 
favourite unde.’* - 
Mr David Alton, the Liberal 
Party chief whipi sakfc “It also 
complements Affiance strat- 

egy, which is to expose the 
Government for what it * 

is on 

every possible occasion.' 

Solicitors attack plans 
to aid injury claimants 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Government proposals to 
help accident victims to pur- 
sue their claims in the courts 
have come under attack from 
a group of solicitors represent- 
ing 14 firms which specialize 
in -personal injury cases. 

The group, which is at 
present handling 99,000 per- 
sonal injury claims — about 
one-third of the estimated 
total made each year — says 
that present procedures are in 
need of reform. 

But it rejects a key proposal 
in the recent consultation 
paper on personal injuries 
from the Lord Chancellor's 
Department that a system of 
paper adjudication could be 
used for all rfanwrf up to 
£5,000 and all road accident 

Under such a system there 
would not, generally, be a foU 
oral triaL Claims would be 
settled On the basis of papers 
submitted from both skles to 
an adjudicator. 

The solicitors say it has not 
been thought through. : 

The group said that only 
small cases where damages are 
limited to £1,000, should be 
considered for paper adjudica- 

“It is our view that in. 
personal injury claims, mat- 
ters relating to liability can 

, be dealt with by 
i evidence." 

The solicitors also say there 
would be heavy costs in 
putting together a case on 
paper and that the waiting 
time between completing a file 
and the final derision. is most 
unlikely to bea matter of days, 
as suggested by the Lord 
Chancellor's Department. 

The group, which is chaired 
by Mr Roger Goodier, of the 
London firm Rowley Ash- 
worth, also criticizes figures in 
the consultation paper as “to- 
tally unrepresentative and 

Although some High Court 
personal injury cases can take 
four to six years to conclude, 
the average time in the group's 
experience is nearly two years. 

“The consultation paper 
foils to take into account that 
it is vital m all cases to wait 
until a final medical prognosis 
has been given before settle- 
ment of the claim." 

The group does agree, how- 
ever, that there is a need for 
greater publicity to increase 
the knowledge of potential, 
claimants of their right to sue. 

They called for a-group to 
monitor and run a scheme 
which would promote and 
identify solicitors specializing 
in personal injuries work. 

Science report 

British birds use fiord 
in Norway to refuel 

Bird flocks consisting of 
30,000 knots, Cali dr is 
canons, have recently been 
discovered to use Balsfrord, in 
arctic Norway, a$ a staging 
post when returning to their 
breeding grounds after winter- 
iag in western Europe. At first 
it was thought that the knots 
at Baisfiord. which is about 30 
miles from Trotnsp; were part 
Iff the Siberian breeding 

By John Tirason 

However, detailed observa- 
tions by zoologists from Dur- 
ham University , have shown 
that the birds, which belong to 
the sandpiper family, are part 
of the NearctiC knot popula- 
tion which breeds in Green- 
land mid-arctic Canada.. 

Since 30 of the 38:ringed 
birds found at Bafefjoid came 
from Britain, it seems likely 
that many of the knots at the 
fiord started oat from the 
coast. Knots prepare for 
migration in April and eariy 
•May .oa The Wash and when 

average weight of about 
190 gm. • 

On arrival tbey have used 
np about 20 per cent of theft 
body weight. They replace it in' 
the two to time weeks they 
spend at Balsfjonl feeding. 

In late May, knots were 
seen to leave Babfjord flying 
noitb-wesft towards northern. 
Greenland. Assuming they 
again travel about UOhnfles. 
tfie birds' would arrive in 
north-cast- Greenland near, 
their known breeding grounds 
at Peary Land. . 

Another part of the Nearctic 
knot population migrates.after 
wintering in -western Europe 
over the Greenland fee-top to 
breeding grounds in .arctic 
Canada with a reftrelling_siop 
in Iceland. - ‘ , 

Aerial observation showed 
that BalsQord was one of fa 
few fiords along the Norwe- 
gian coast south of Tienra* 
which has mudflats and' ft 
relatively ice-fret in esrtJ 

fUgbt to Norway they have an htttlumcal Socierv. vol- Xvit 

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turVofe ci( l? White House angered 



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‘5- *4^, > 

Dun over 


• ' From Michael Binyon, Washington 

did not threaten an ourngbl his press conference Iasi week. 

The Senate Bill .would im- 

w against South Africa andbao 

■ v J*, contioued senate* ■ new US investments and bank 

• „ k T t By an overwhelming major- j rans ^ . u w 

■' V'i ^ °?JH> J 4 - I" the final horns of debate, 

;■ S' S£?»1S Senators voted io tougfonthe 

\ ■ Sic F sSe e ^ 1 a B cowra^f. Santo Africans living in 

s ',. "■^Js defiant- collision with the 
' Vn ; Administration. 7 

-r ' The ^margin is well over the 

v •; CJi two-thirds needed to override 
" any presidential, veto at a. 

sancuons BilL . V - 

• ' " < Senator Lowell Weicker, a 

' v- 't. ■ Republican from Connecticut. 

L? |\cpuvuv«u> UOUI VOUUVCUbUt, 

.r^Pift. said after the vote: ‘Tonight,' 
the United States of Arierica 

chose sides. '• : 

‘ iv '“e-v “We stand with our T *black 
r '-- * brethren in South Africa.” 

White South Africans Irving in 
Johannesburg's exclusive 
northern suburbs are worried 
about plans to baOd a huge 
township for 150*000 blacks 
on their doorstep (Renter re- 
ports 'bom Johannesburg). 
The 150 white families nr the 
settlement of i anwtnia are 
campaigning fiercely against 
it, claiming it would lower 
property values and boost 

Recognizing the strength of 
^ feeling in Congress, public 
l 7 s' reaction from the ’'white 
House spokesman wasfmuted. 

Mr Larry Speakesisaid the 
vote would “impede” peaceful 

change in South Africa, penai- 
'H' ize the people and -the ecou- 

H' ize the people and -the ecou- 
a*»j, omy and strengthen radical 
elements on both sides. Bui he 

legislation by expanding the 
ban on - imports from South 
Africa to include agricultural 
products and steeL 
White House aides, mean- 
while, are working bard to 
minimize the negative im- 
pression produced at home 
and overseas by Mr Reagan's 
harsh condemnation of the 
African National Congress in 

Mr Malcolm Fraser, the 
former Australian Prime Min- 
ister and head of the 
Commonwealth -Eminent Per- 
sons Group -on Southern Af- 
rica. delivered a stinging 
rebuke to Mr Reagan in a 
letter to The Washington Post 
last week. 

Denying that the ANC bore 
equal, responsibility for the 
violence in South Africa, he 
said- the ANC leadership was 
“largely moderate, nationalist 
and. pragmatic”. 

Only recently had it been 
“forced -to respond to the 
violence of apartheid with 
violence of its own” 

Mr Fraser said it was 
“tragic” . that President 
Reagan and Mrs Thatcher 
stood alone in their unwilling- 
ness. to take an un mistak able 
stand in support of the black 
majority in South Africa. 

The White House is hoping 
that Mr Reagan's announce- 
ment of limited US measures 
next month, in co-ordination 
with the European Commu- 
nity, may take the sting out of 
Mr . Fraser’s remarks and pre- 
vent- a Senate override of a 
veto, on the sanctions Bill 

Demonstrators in San Sebastian, in die in San Sebastian. No group immediately crackdown on Basque militants living in 
Spanish Basque country, protesting cm claimed responsibility for the attack, France. 

Saturday night against the expulsion of which bore the hallmark of Eta. Basque More than 40 French cats hare been 
alleged members of the Basque separatist guerrillas over several months have destroyed in the Basque region since last 

anegeo memoers oirpe Basque separatist guerrillas over several months have destroyed m the Basque region since last 
organization. Eta, from France. attacked French property and business month, when Paris began handing over 

Last night a French car was set on fire interests in Spain in protest against the Eta suspects to the Spanish police. 

Aden jets 

• . '■'8-11. 

Pretoria accuses US of interference 

ernKn -Hi5S 

.nets deride 

j From Ray Kennedy, Johannesburg 

The sanctions Bill approved Group Areas ami Separate meet 
overwhelmingly by the United Amenities Acts win be tabled, diflei 
Slates Senate on Friday was Last week at die National wi 
yesterday rejected by Pretoria Party’s federal congress in Reap 
and described by its Foreign Durban, President P. W. Bo- mark 
Minister, Mr It F. (Pik) Bo- thasaid that as long as he was as tfa 
tha, as interference in the its leader there would be “bo Man. 
country’s mteraaTaflairs. meddling” with the principles mm 
_ The 84 to / 14 vote by the of the Act and no abandoning er, ai 

Senate — banning imports of of the right of property owner- 

Q/mth A fi-iAon r.nain iiiiwul' chm JST ■ 

meet to iron out their 

What would help Mr 
Reagan would be some dra- 
matic moves by Pretoria, such 
as the release of Mr Nelson 
Mandela, the imprisoned Af- 
rican National Congress lead- 
er, and the lifting of the state 
of emergency. 

;ilors attack pi 
cl injury claim 

products, and, ortnimn, steel, 
iron and textifes nnd exports 
of US cnidi oil ai d petroleum 
to South Africa— s being seen 
as a severe rebuff to President 
Reagan's * “constructive en- 
gagement” policy, -coming as it 
did from a Retmblkan-con- 
troHed chamber. 

Mr Botha said: “The South 
African • Government rejects 
the steps taken . by the Senate 
as raierferentie- in South 
Africa's interna! affairs. 
Whiletbe Sooth African Gov- 
ernment is broadening democ- 
racy the US Congress is trying 
to prohibit It' 1 

He said fte vote would 
encourage those using violence, 
“to create an order no Ameri- 
can would assotiatewitfc”. 

The Senate vote case cn tire 
eve of the reopening today of 
the South African Parliament 
for a -sesosn of upte eight 
weeks to tidy up outstanding 

™ W"U urn IlM Ull- n_, - 1 . n , , , 

ram, steel, ferent race groups. k ”?. m Darhan address 

id exports He said the Act was afready 

P^roleum flexible hut called for greater 


though it refuses to use the 

Some “grey” areas already 
-exist in Johannesburg’s Hill- 
brow flatfand and the Seapoint 
district of Cape Town. The big 
snag, however, is that they 
Rive unscrupulous landlords 
an opportunity to exploit ten- 
ants ruthlessly. 

It was noted in South Africa 
at the weekend that Mr 
Reagan,- like . Mrs -Thatcher, 
remains - firmly opposed - to 
punitive economic ..sanctions 

~T Minister of Law and Order, 
il. and General Magnus Malau, 
the Minister of Defence, ap- 
peared to make these possabil- 
wy rties even more remote. 
r\ • Blacks killed: According to 
jrF the Bnrean of Information, the 
side source of offidal news 
about events relating to the 
state of emergency, three 
™" Macks were killed by security 
forces In the 24 hours to 6am 
fat yesterday. 

Mr Their deaths brought the 
ter, official weekend toll to seven, 
to with four other people dying in 
ms Mack-on-black violence, the 

bat-toat- he needs -a- political- bureau said. 

mirade to justify his using Ms Police in Johannesburg coo- 

AfthougB. the session -is 
unlikely to yield much in toe 
way of new reform measures, it 
is expected that * report of the 
President’s Council on the 

presidential veto when the 
sanctions Bill arrives on bis 
desk, probably in late Sep- 

firmed that two white men, 
betieved to have been drunk, 
opened fire on a group of black 
children in Alexandra, wound- 

Before then, members of the mg at least one girL 

Samite and the House of 
Representatives, whose sanc- 
tions Bill is far tougher, win - 

They said the mol were 
arrested and would face 
charges of attempted murder. 

Djibouti (AFP) — The East 
African slate of Djibouti has 
suspended all air and sea links 
with South Yemen after a 
Djibouti-bound airliner was 
intercepted by South Yemeni 
fighters and detained in Aden 
for nearly six hours, officials 
i said here yesterday. 

The suspension followed an 
incident on Saturday involv- 
ing an Air Djibouti Boeing 
727, which was flying from the 
North Yemeni capital of 
Sanaa to Djibouti and Addis 

The aircraft had 59 pas- 
sengers on board, including 
Mr Hussein Kassem Ahmed, 
an official of the former South 
Yemeni Government ousted 
in January after two weeks of 
bitter fighting between two 
left-wing factions. 

Djibouti's Foreign Minister, 
Mr Moumin Bah don Farah, 
summoned the South Yemeni 
chaigfr d'affaires to present 
him with an official protest at 
what he said was an act of 
piracy, officials said. 

He also met members of the 
diplomatic corps here to in- 
form them of the incident. . 

The plane, escorted to Aden 
by two jets, was searched at 
the airport by armed South 
Yemeni security forces, who 
were apparently looking for 
supporters of the deposed 
President, Mr Ali Nasser 

All the passengers were 
forced to leave ine aircraft, 
including three diplomats 
from moderate North Yemen, 
which maintains close ties 
with Saudi Arabia and has 
been frequently at odds with 
its Marxist neighbour to the 

Canadian storm over Tamil cast aways 

Ottawa ignored tip-off that 
boat refugees were coming 

Reagan tax reform 
passed by Congress 

From Michael Bin yon, Washington 

After hectic late-night ses- 
sions and several crises almost 
leading to breakdown, repre- 
sentatives Of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives 
finally agreed on the most 
sweeping tax reform since the 
Second World War. 

The Bill guaranteed swift 
approval by President 
Reagan, wifl limit tax deduc- 
tions and dramatically cut the 

in taxes over six years. "To- 
night we put our names to a 
new tax code for America,” 
Mr Rostenkowski said. “It 
brings a sense of justice to the 
way we tax income and a new 
sense of confidence from those 
who will pay.” 

President Reagan, who 
madeta^ reform the biggest 
issue of his second term, called 
the agreement “historic”. He 

taxes paid by millions of said in Santa Barbara, where 


‘ The two Houses, in negotia- 
tions to reconcile different 
versions of tax reform Bills 
already passed, almost reach- 
ed stalemate when they found 
the planned compromise left 
them $17 billion (£113 bil- 
lion) short of revenue. 

But fending off lobbyists 
and special interest groups 

be is on holiday, that it was ; 
good for the economy and 
good for the taxpayer. 

His Treasury Secretary, Mr 
James Baker, called it a 
“rather remarkable achieve- 

Passage of the Bill is indeed 
considered remarkable in 
view of the powerful lobby 
groups, especially for certain 

<$1-0 V A || 


A political storm was brew- 
ing here yesterday over the 
Canadian Government’s de- 
cision to admit 154 Sri Lan- 
kan Tamil refugees found 
adrift last Monday off 
Canada's east coast. 

The controversy intensified 
over the weekend after it was 
revealed that the Canadian 
Government was tipped off in 
advance that the reftigees were 
coming, but did nothing about 
it on the ground that the 
information was not precise 
enough. * 

Meanwhile, spokesmen for 
the Tamils in Montreal and 
Toronto, where the refugees 
have been settled, admitted 
for the first time that they lied 
in Idling the Canadian 
authorities originally that they 
came from India rather than 
West Germany. 

The West German authori- 
ties have alleged that the 
reftigees were brought to 
Canada's shores by a small 
Honduran-registered cargo 
ship, the Aurigae, which left 
the north Goman port of 
Brake on July 28. 

The Tamils were said to 
have been kept in the hold of 
the ship, and fed only with 
cooked rice during the voyage 
to Canada, for which they are 
reported to have paid a total of 
$400,000 (£267,000). Once off 
■the Canadian coast, they were 
cast adrift in two lifeboats. 

They were rescued from the 
lifeboats a week ago and taken 
to St John's, Newfoundland. 
They were granted special 
permits enabling them to re- 
main in Canada for at least 
one year and look for work, 
and were later flown to Mon- 
treal and Toronto. 

Herr Wolfgang Biudel, the 
captain of the Aurigae, has 
denied that he transported the 
Tamils to Canada. 

High Government officials 

From John Best Ottawa 

met here at the weekend to re- as well as Mr Ed Broadbeni, 

evaluate the situation in the leader of the New Democratic 
light of the publicity being Party, agreed that the Govern- 

gven to the episode by the men! dtd the right thing in 
Canadian media, and criti- responding to the plight of the 

cisms of the Government's castaways. 



They were also reported to embarrassment to the Gov- 
be considering laying charges eminent is the revelation that 
against the ship s captain for was informed well in ad- 

vjolatiug, or conspiring to vance — on or about July 25 — 
violate, Can a dian immigra- that plans were afoot to con- 

li ®” ... _ duct a clandestine maritime 

Whether the skipper can be refugee operation into 
brought to Canada to face Canada. 

Ch ff s J Ppeared problema,i - THe information w 
cal however. m rv man v 

Mr Benoit Bouchard, the 
Minister of Employment and 
Immigration, has continued 
to insist that he had no choice 
but to admit the castaways, 
even after it became dear that 
they lied in telling Canadian 
police and immigration 
authorities that they came 
directly from India, as refu- 
gees from the civil war in Sri 


“I believe it was a just and 
human act by this country and 
my Government," Mr Bou- 
chard told reporters. “It was 
what we had to do." 

He noted that Canada has a 
policy of not deporting people 
to a country trembled by civil 

Nevertheless, backbench 
MPs of Mr Bouchard's own 
Conservative Party reported a 
flood of complaints from their 
constituents over the fret that 
the Tamils were able to short- 
circuit Canada's immigration 
procedures and gain entry 
ahead of thousands waiting to 

The information was con- 
veyed to Ottawa by Mr Den- 
nis Baker, the Canadian 
Consul-General in Hamburg, 
who got it through an anony- 
mous telephone call appar- 
ently from a Tamil living in 
West Germany. 

Mr Bouchard admitted that 
the Government had indeed 
received such prior informa- 
tion but said it took no action 
because the West German 
Government was unable to 
corroborate it. 

In press conferences at 
Montreal and Toronto last 
night. Tamil leaders finally 
admitted that they had made 
up the story of having come to 
Canada directly from India. 

The point is important be- 
cause criticism of the Govern- 
ment could reach new heights 
once Canadians realize that 
the refugees already bad safe 
haven in West Germany. 

A spokesman for the cast- 
aways, Mr Wijayanathan 
Naliiah, aged 46, told report- 
ers at Montreal :“We were 

enterthe country by legitimate 
_ Mr Sergio Marchi. liberal 

Party spokesman on immigra- and ,„7„Z 

non. asserted that the Govern- WP*®..?* an 9 olher 

“ j0D relaled ,0 0ur 
normitc m tho Tom Me voyage. 

permits to the Tamils. 

However, Mr Marchi's 
party chief, Mr John Turner, 

Optimism in Colombo 

From Vijitha Yapa. Colombo 

'• U '~4 

• “i • • ■ , • 

. .’ 'v'. ' f- 

who hoped at the last minute/ industries that stand to lose 
to restore cherished special tax ' much, who wanted a myriad 


sh bird 



breaks and deductions. Sen-' 
ator Bob Packwood (Repub 1 
lican. Oregon) and Repres- 
entative Dan Rostenkowski 
(Democrat,' Illinois), chair- 
men of their chambers’ respec- 
tive finance committees, just 
managed to agree on new 
figures before Congress* ad- 
journed at the weekend ferits 
summer holiday. 

Their package, approved by 
a voice vote late on Saturday, 
would almost halve tlte top 
individual tax rate to/28 per 
cent, with one other tax rate of 
15 percent. 

Popular deductions allowed 
foF individual pension plans 
and state and loqal taxes 
would be limited or repealed. 

But the average* taxpayer 
would still pay 6.1 percent less 
a year. And six million low- 
income Americans' would no 
longer pay any federal income 
tax as a result of increases in 
personal exemptidns. 

The extra money would 
come from business and in- 
dustry. The genera] rate, would 
be reduced, but the many 
special deductions and loop- 
holes would bo abolished. 

Big industries using these 
loopholes to* avoid paying 
almost any tax will be faced 
with huge new bills. 

Altogether businesses will 
have to pay $120 billion more 

of exceptions to be made for 
them. Individual Senators and 
Congressmen were also under 

President Jayewardeoe held 
two rounds of talks here at the 
weekend with the moderate 
Tamil United Liberation 
Front (Tnlf) on the draft 
legislation for devohitioa of 
power. Government sources 
said a fte rw ar ds that the effort 
to find a solution to the 
island’s ethnic crisis was mak- 
ing headway. 

On Saturday it was reported 
that agreement had been 
reached on the position of 
provincial governors, which 
would be ceremonial rather 
than executive. 

Meanwhile, the Govern- 
ment-controlled Observer yes- 
terday said that some 
extremist Tamil groups were 

forming a new political party, 
the Tamil Eelam People's 
Party (Tepp), which would be 
to the left of Talf. 

The newspaper said the 
formation of a political party 
would legitimize extremist 
activity and prepare the 
ground for extremists to enter 
the mainstream of politics. 

The independent news- 
paper, The Island* reported 
Mr S. Tbondaman, the Min- 
ister of Rural Industries, as 
saying that the next step after 
the conclusion of talks with 
Tnlf would be a tripartite 

meeting in a neighbouring 
country between the Govern- 
ment, Tnlf and representatives 
of the Tamil extremists. 

The instructions hud been 
given by the ship's captain as 
they boarded the lifeboats. 

“We were under severe 
physical and mental stress. 
Our motivation was our 
desperation in our search for a 
permanent home.” 

He said that the reftigees 
boarded a ship in Germany ou 
July 27 and sailed the nexf 
morning. They were put into 
lifeboats on August 9 and 
provided with two barrels of 
water and gas. 

“We wandered and drifted 
on the ocean, losing hope of 
surviving. We are truly thank- 
ful for the fishermen who 
rescued us on August 1 1.” 

The spokesman said that 
most of the group of 30 who 
attended the Montreal press 
conference had flown to Eu- 
rope from Sri Lanka during 
the past few years, entering 
West Berlin after first travel- 
ling to East Germany. 

The Korean athlete, Kee Chung Soho, receiving the antique 
great pressure to push for tax helmet he should have been awarded for winning the 

breaks for the big employers in 
their home states. , 

The general public, which 
was only ever lukewarm about 
the reform, also grew increas- 
ingly suspicious of the 
changes, and saw them as 
benefits for the rich at the 
expense of the middle classes. 

With President Reagan 
lobbying energetically on the 
sidelines, however, both the 
House and the Senate even- 
tually managed to quash all 
the. objections and produced 
Bills that were sweeping is 
their simplicity and lack of 
special interest clauses. 

The full House and Senate 
still have to approve the 
compromise Bin in .a single 
“yes” or “no” vote next 

There may still be objec- 
tions, especially in the House, 
from those who think too 
many individual deductions 
have been limited, and from 
those in the Senate who say 
business will have to pay too I 

But if the Bill becomes law, 
economic activity in the 
United States is going to be i 
very substantially altered. , ! 

Soviet bloc to 
press UN for 
peace plan 

Papandreou accused 
oyer Iraq arms aid 

Appeal to 
on nuclear 

Olympic marathon for Japan in 1936 from Heir 1 
Damne of the West German Olympic Committee. 

Longest birthday cake 
for Nordic smoke city 

From Tony Samstag, Oslo 

Reykjavik, the capital of A rough t 
Iceland, celebrates its M- name Reykj 
centenary today with a birth- “auld reekle* 

A rough translation of the 
name Reykjavik would be 
“auld reekle” a dty — or, in 

day party the exuberance of this case, a bay — of smoke, so 
wnKh belies the size of that called for the volcanic hot 

tiny island nation. 

There will be a “fun nm’ 

springs that are all most 
people know about Iceland, 

through the streets, a burst of and which supply most of its 
fireworks at midnight, singing, beating. 

dancing, cabaret, and the long- 

original settlement 

est birthday cake -200 yards, dates from the late ninth 
of course — ro the Nordic century, when Ingolf nr Araar- 

lands, if not in the entire son, the first Viking to make 
history of the known universe. Iceland bis permanent home. 

The whole world, in any case, named and chose the site for a 

is invited. 

The Icelanders, fewer titan a 


It was not until 1786, how- 

quarter of a million of them, ever, that the Danes decided to 
are citizens of the youngest revive what had become a 

nation In Europe, settlers in poverty-stricken and stagnat- 
the last and westernmost hab- ing dependency by granting 

itable landscape to be discov- Reykjavik municipal status. 

ered in the old world. 

with a package of tax coo- 

la the past 200 years their cessions and other business 
capital has grown from a incentives tint made it one of 

Moscow (Renter) — East 
bloc countries will call for the 
creation of an international 
security system along the lines 
of the 1975 Helsinki accords 
at the United Nations this 
year, Pravda said yesterday. 

The newspaper said the 
Soviet Union and its allies 
would ask the UN General 
Assembly to consider creating 
a comprehensive system tak- 
ing in military, political eco- 
nomic and humanitarian 
fields to improve world 

“Mankind is feeing an his- 
toric choice: to allow its slide 
into the abyss of nuclear self- 
destruction or to reconstruct 
international relations on the 
basis of co-operation and 
interaction on affairs for 
maintaining peace.” Pravda 

It said the Helsinki Final 
Act on security and coopera- 
tion in Europe had shown “for 
better or for worse” that 
dialogue and agreement was 

Defence Department has ac- 
cused the Soviet Union of 

From Mario Modiano, Athens 

The Greek opposition yes- 
terday accused the Govern- 
ment of depleting the Army's 
stock of artillery shells to help 
Iraq in its war with Iran. 

The accusation by the 
conservative New Democracy 
comes at a time of increasing 
tension between Greece and 
Turkey, and casts a bizarre 
light on an unexpected appeal 
by Mr Andreas Papandreou, 
the Greek Prime Minister, for 
a peaceful settlement of the 
Iran-Iraq conflict. 

Mr Papandreou com- 
mended highly the latest ap- 
peal for an end to the war by 

President Saddam Hussein of reports). 
Iraa. and urged Iran to match The at 

The episode tended to be 
aggravated by the weekend 
announcement that Wash- 
ington was selling 36 Howit- 
zers and six special radars to 
Turkey for $71 million (about 
£47 million). The Pentagon 
said the radars would enable 
Turkey , to locate enemy artil- 
lery positions and display 
information for counterfire. 

• NICOSIA: The Iranian Is- 
lamic Republic News agency 
claimed on Saturday that Iran 
shot down two Iraqi war- 
planes that bombed a factory 
in the southern oil-producing 
province of Khuzestan (AP 

Hong Kong (Reuter) - A 
delegation of community 
leaders left for Peking to 
deliver a petition with one 
million signatures opposing 
China's plan to build a nuclear 
plant near the border with 
Hong Kong. 

The plant at Days Bay, 45 
miles north-east of Hong 
Kong, is scheduled to be 
completed in 1992 with most 
of the electrical power to be 
sold to the British colony. 

Sacked oilmen 

seize rig 

Perth (Reuicr) — More than 
300 natural gas workers, who 
seized a drilling rig off the 
nonh-wesi Australian coast 

after being sacked for striking, 
have refused to leave the 

have refused to leave the 
platform, police said. 

Police had failed in two 
attempts to land helicopters 
on the rig. owned by 
Woodsidc Petroleum. The 
strike was over the dismissal 
of 1 4 men who refused to w ork 
over a well they said was 

British couple 
die in lake 

A young British tourist 
couple from Kent have been 
found drowned after their 
hired pcdal-boai overturned 
in Italy's Lake Garda. 

The body of the man. aged 
2 1 from Kent, was discovered 
after police frogmen resumed 
a scorch yesterday. 

Ghana link-up 

Accra (AFP) — Ghana and 
Burkina Faso agreed here to 
set up a high political organ to 
work out a timetable for the 
political union of tbeir coun- 
tries within 10 years. 

Bus crash 

Siovelou Belgium (AP) — 
An bus which went out of 
control during a steep descent 
crashed into a house here, 
killing six and injuring 35 
people. The casualties in- 
cluded children and parents 
who had visited a youth camp. 

Blaze battle 

Logroiio (Reuter) — More 
than 100 Spanish soldiers with 
helicopters and fire-fighting 
planes were rushed to this 
northern wine-growing region 
to help firemen tackle a blaze 
raging out of controL 

Inside again 

Honiara (Reuter) — So far 
102 of the 140 prisoners who 
escaped from the main jail in 
the Solomon Islands in a mass 
breakout on Friday night have 
been recaptured, police said. 

Zoo probe 

Rome (AP) - The mercy 
killing of a bear named 
Ninetta after she developed 
gangrene from a leg wound 
has led to a judicial investiga- 
tion into possible neglect 3nd 
ill-treatment at Rome zoo 
after com plaints by veterinary 

Kremlin job 

Moscow (Reuter) — A new 
Soviet Chemical Industry 
Minister, Mr Yury Bespalov, 
aged 47, has been appointed to 
replace Mr Vladimir Listov. 
54, who has been transferred 
to other unspecified work. 
Tass announced. 

Mexico denial 

Mexican denials that the US 
narcotics agent Victor Cortez, 
above, was tortured with an 
electric cattle prod by Jalisco 
state police after being ar- 
rested last week have been 
rejected by the Reagan 

Aids brand 

Frankfurt (AFP) — A West 
German doctor. Dr Karl Al- 
bert Mutter, has proposed that 
all Aids victims should be 
tattooed on their genitals to 
alert potential sexual partners, 
according to newspaper re- 
ports here. 

Back at work 

Iraq, and uiged Iran to match 
the gesture. 

But New Democracy’s par- 
liamentary committee on de- 
fence disclosed that the 

The agency said four work- 
ers were killed and four others 
wounded in the raid. 

Iraq admitted on state radio 
10 losing one plane. It said the 

Government had sold 100.000 jet crashed inside Iran on its 
1 5mm artillery shells to Iraq return flight “on account of a 

Rio de Janeiro (AFP) - Ten 
of Brazil’s most prominent 
scientists, exiled as subver- 
sives in 1970 during the 
military dictatorship, spent 
their first day back at a 
medical research institute here 
after reinstatement. 

violating the Biological and 
Toxin weapons Convention 

a sprawling 

of 300 people to Enrope's first urban develop- 

ment areas. 

Toxin weapons Convention 
by developing new agents for 
military use (AFP reports). 

last April for £12,3 million. It 
said the stocks had come from 
the Greek Army and had not 
been replaced. 

The opposition asserted 
that, as a result of the sale, 
Greek defence had been weak- 
ened at a time of increasing 
Turkish “provocations” in the 
Aegean. It deplored the action 
as a “national crime”. 

technical failure”. 

• Tanker struck: A 10.316- 
ton chemical tanker. Weelek 
No 3. registered in Panama, 
was limping to Dubai with 
two crewmen missing after a 
bomb attack in the Gulf set its 
engine room ablaze yesterday: 
Lloyd's of London reported 
(Reuter reports). The fire had 
been put oul , 

Cartoon time 

Peking (Reuter) — Cartoons 
of China's two top leaders. Mr 
Deng Xiaoping and Mr Hu 
Yaobang. have appeared in 
the Shanghai paper alteration 
Daily in what Western dip- 
lomats said was an unprece- 
dented display of artistic 




Bhutto arrest brings wave of street violence 

Protest escalates in Sind 

From Michael Harolyn 

The faint but distinct scent 
of tear gas hangs over Lyari, 
the working-class suburb of 
Karachi, Pakistan's biggest 
city, which for five days has 
been the scene of hit-and-run 
dashes between gangs of 
youths and police. 

Yesterday angry mobs gath- 
ered in the narrow streets of 
the district and burnt lyres 
and erected barricades to stop 
the entry of police vehicles. 
They pelted the security men, 
but ran like rabbits if the 
forces, of law and order moved 
towards them. 

Elsewhere in the province of 
Sind the dashes have been put 
down with a great show of 
force by bringing in the Army. 
In at least three districts — 
Thatta, Badic and Dadu — the 
armed forces are patrolling die 
streets. One report said that at 
least five brigades had been 
deployed in the rural areas. 

In Hala, a walled dly, ruled 
feudally by the family of the 
holy man, the Pir of Hala, 
troops and citizens exchanged 
fire yesterday as devout 
followers of die Pir protested 
at the arrest of his secoud son, 
Makhdoom Khalique. 

The pious protesters also 
found time to bum offices, 
banks and other public 

The Makhdoom is presi- 
dent of the Sind arm of the 
Pakistan People's Party, 
whose national leader. Miss 
Benazir Bhutto, was arrested 
last week. Her detention and 
the seizure of almost all the 
first- and second-rank leader- 
ship of her party sparked the 
renewed outbreak of violence 
in the country's two biggest 
provinces, Sind and Punjab. 

The remaining leaders of 
her party and those of the 
alliance of opposition parties, 
the Movement for the Restor- 
ation of Democracy (MRD), 
which is backing her cam- 
paign. have given an ul- 
timatum to President Zia’s 
Government. Unless Miss 

Riot police patrolling the streets of Lahore to enforce a ban on political meetings. Passions 
are running high in the city since four rioters were killed after Miss B enazir Bhutto's arrest. 

Bhutto is released today, they 
plan to organize further huge 

According to the editor of a 
Karachi newspaper, the con- 
frontation will be veiy dif- 
ferent from what happened in 
September, 1983. The MRD 
conducted a campaign against 
General Zia's martial law 
regime, but it really only 
caught fire in Sind. Punjab's 
MRD leaders courted arrest in 
Lahore and Rawalpindi, but 
the province as a whole stayed 

“That was because Punjab 
is very much averse to Indian 
involvement," said Mr Wajid 
Shamsul Hasan, editor of the 
overnment-owned Daily 
eirj. “Mrs Indira Gandhi 
came out with a statement 


very strongly supporting the 
democratic movement The 
Government were able to 
portray it as a secessionist 

“This time; there is a 
countrywide following for 
Miss Bhutto, and there is a 
much greater loyalty to the 
Bhutto name than there ever 
could be for such leaders as 
were imprisoned then.” 

A big trial of strength is 
expected today, with demon- 
strations planned in Lahore 
and Karachi. In Lahore feel- 
ings have risen since the death 
of four rioters in the wake of 
Miss Bhutto's arrest 

In Karachi the Government 
is anxious to avoid creating 
more martyrs to add to the 
Lahore total. Last night a 

police inspector coping with 
the drifting mote of stone- 
throwers was in no doubt that 
he would be able to keep 
control of them if only the 
Government would not keep 
him under restraint 

“We are ordered not to use 
lathi-charges, not to use bul- 
lets. We must not do anything 
to hurt any of these poeple," 
he said. 

He complained as stones 
and pebbles skipped along the 
street towards us. “But these 
people are just being ex- 
ploited; they are ignorant 
They are the Negroes of 
Pakistan. They are not Ary- 
ans. They are doing these 
things because they are in the 
pay of Libya and Russia and 

Five-term Balaguer 

Santo Domingo (AFP) — 
The conservative politician, 
Senor Joaquin Balaguer. who 
is 78 and almost blind, was 
sworn in here on Saturday for 
his fifth term as president of 
the Dominican Republic, in 
the Caribbean. 

In a speech to both cham- 
bers of the legislature, he 
promised to lead his 
Government's fight against 
hunger, poverty and cor- 

ruption. Senor Balaguer, 
elected on May 16, succeeds 
Senor Salvador Jorge Blanco, 
the social democrat leader of 
the Dominican Revolutionary 

The new head of state 
inherits a seriously eroded 
economy. In recent years the 
bottom has fallen out of the 
sugar market, the Dominican 
Republic's principal export. 

Paris airspace violated 

From Susan MacDonald, Paris 

An inquiry has been opened 
into the security of Paris 
airspace after a weekend in- 
cident In which a small plane 
flew- low over the Palais de 
Justice and die Prefecture de 
Police on the De de la Gtfe. 

The incident followed one 
last Sunday in which a small 
plane landed on a completely 
empty Champs Elysees, 

cleared of pedestrians for the 
shooting of a promotional fifan. 

It is forbidden to fly over 
Paris at less than 2,000 metres 
and these two incidents, pins 
the daring jaflbreak two 
months ago in which a heli- 
copter was used to whisk away 
a prisoner, hare raised fears 
that a terrorist act coald be 
carried ost by plane. 

hits out 
at cuts in 


From Michael Binyon 

President Reagan accused 
the Democrat-controlled 
House of Representatives of 
waging a “reckless assault on 
the defence of the United 

In a sharply-worded re- 
action at the weekend to the 
House’s sweeping cutback on 
Friday of his defence budget, 
and its proposals on arms 
control, Mr Reagan said the 
measures, if enacted, would 
undermine US arms nego- 
tiators and eventually imperil 
national security. 

“Soviet arms negotiators 
must be mystified today that 
US legislators would give 
away in Washington what 
they must have been unable to 
win in Geneva," he said. 

“Soviet military planners 
must be astonished at the 
blows the House delivered this 
week to America's national 

He was angry at the series of 
votes over the past week that 
have slashed many Pentagon 
programmes for 1987, es- 
pecially tbe Strategic Defence 
Initiative. They represent the 
most fundamental congres- 
sional challenge yet to his 
military build-up. 

Tbe House voted only $287 
billion (£189 billion) for de- 
fence next year. This is consid- 
erably less than the $320 the 
President requested, and it 
freezes spending at about this 
year’s level 

On the House floor amend- 
ments were added to reduce 
the budget for SDL to extend 
for a year the ban on space 
tests of anti-satellite weapons, 
to delay the production of new 
chemical weapons for a year, 
impose a one-year mora- 
torium on nuclear tests if the 
Russians do the same, and 
require continued adherence 
to the Salt 2 arms accord. 

Mr Reagan singled these 
and other measures out for 
vehement criticism in his 
weekly radio speech, taped 
before he left for a holiday in 
California. He promised that 
he would veto the Bill if it 
reached his desk “in anything 
like the present form". 

The Bin now has to be 
reconciled with the Senate 
version already passed. All but 
23 Republicans in the House 
voted against it. 

Mr Reagan seemed particu- 
larly vexed by the cut in funds 
for SDI from the $5.3 billion 
be sought to $3.1 billion. 

Voice of the people heard in 
parliamentary experiment 

From Our South Asia 

The mountainous kingdom 
of Nepal, moving one slow 
step at a time along the road to 
foil democracy, his now em- 
barked on its second five-year 
experiment with a party less 
Parliament, and the King and 
his advisers still very much in 

Last May's elections, held m 
the shadow of the magnificent 
frieze of the Himalayas, sur- 
prised observers by the extent 
of excitement shown and the 
genuine enthusiasm for vot- 

These elections prove once 
ji gain that in the In dian sub- 
continent people will gladly 
turn out to exercise their 
franchise under , almost any 
circumstance that gives them 
a chance of making their voice 


“The carnival atmosphere 
was the remarkable thing," 
declared one poll-watcher. “A 
district officer told me that Ire 
was worried by the effect of all 
these parties, bnt Ire didn’t 
mean political parties, he 
meant candidates buying dri- 
nks for their supporters.” 

Both observers and officials 
say that the Parliament the 
National Panchayat bears a 
fair reflection of the people’s 
intentions. “There was comp- 
aratively little rigging," a dip- 
lomat said,“and though it was 
said there were no official 
candidates, there were some, 
but their number was few." 

“People who conqrfained 
loudest that the election was 
unfair and rigged were them- 
selves elected," noted a senior 
Nepalese official And it is 
true that such figures as Mr 
Siirya Bahadur Tbapa, a for- 
mer Prime Minister, who was 
loudly alleging an official cam- 
paign against him, surprised 
himself by the aze of his 


Part 1 


In Kathmandu itself 
avowed Marxist was sent to 
Parliament with 3 landslide 
majority of 88,000 votes. For 
the first time in Parliament 
there is now a moreorJess 
identifiable group of such left- 
wingers. It is reckoned to be 
eight or nine strong, though 
one estimate says there are 13 

For the first tune their 
voices have been raised within 
Parliament itself, criticizing 
and calling for an end to the 
partyless system. This can has 
led hard-line royalists to call 
for their expulsion from the 
House because they have bro- 
ken their pariiamentaiy oath 
to uphold the constitution. 

Other striking calls have 
been heard, too. Last week, 
Mr Rajeswor Devkota startled 
bis fellow members with a 
swingeing attack on the 
Government’s mismanage- 
ment of the economy. Jte was 
in the hands of a handful of 
smugglers and should be freed 
from their dutches, he as- 
serted in a speech which was 
given full play in the generally 
supine press. 

The Government is headed 
bv a Prime Minister, Mr 
Marich Man Singh Shresta, 
who appeared ana was voted 
on without opposition, even 
though the constitution pro- 
vides for a more open system 
of selection. The King's 
prerogative, it seems, still runs 
to picking his Prime Minister 

Tbe man he has picked isa 
former Speaker, but is, un- 
usually, a low-caste school 
teacher from the Newar dan. 
He is also illegitimate and a 
former Communist 
. For the present session hb 
position seems to be secure, 
but party discipline is impos- 
sible in the absence of parties. 

By the next session, the 
post-election honeymoon win 
be fcver, there will be little 
chance of a further distribu- 
tion of ministries to keep 
possible dissidents in line, and 
commentators and senior of- 
ficials here forecast a tough 
time fyr MrShrestha. 

If he foils, waiting in the 
wings k (he youthful, arrogant 
and riqh Mr Pushpati Sham- 
sher Rina, the only minister 
to haveklso served in the last 
Cabined who could be the 
King's nett choice: 

It woisd be tbe first time 
since tlie downfall of the 
hereditary Rana Prime Min- 
ister 30 ye^rs ago that a Rana 
that position, but 
ndhi can have 
le Maharajah of 
his Council of 
y should not the 
rother-in-law be 
yal Nepal? 
well offstage at 
le cadres of tbe 
Party, whose 
in since 
the May dec- 
be rued on 

would be 
if Mr Raji 
the erstwF 
Gwalior i 
preferred in 
present are 
Nepal Co 
strength is 
they boy cot 
lions, but who 

King Birendra: in full con- 
trol of country. 

to make the; frost of any 
serious political; or economic 
crisis. ■ ; 

Tomor ro w : the dikgs pr ob l em . 

Solidarity welcome for 
released dissidents 

Gdansk, Poland (Reuter) 


Thousands of Solidarity 

supporters gave an emotional 
welcome yesterday to two 
leading opposition figures re- 
leased from prison under a 
recent act of clemency by the- 
Polish authorities. 

The dissident historian, Mr 
Adam Michnik, and Mr 
Bogdan Lis, a former under- 
ground leader, spoke to a 
cheering crowd after appear- 
ing as guests of honour with 

Mr Lech Walesa, tbe Solidar- 
ity chamnan, at a Mass at- 
tended by more than 7,000 

“I would like to ask you not 
to forget about our friends 
who are still in' prison,” Mr 
Michnik said. 

Mr Michnik, Mr Lis and Mr 
Wladyslaw Frasyniuk were 
arrested in February 1984 and 
later convicted in a dosed trial 
of illegal union activities. Mr 
Frasyniuk is still in prison. 

Soviet satellite 
plunges into 
Indian Ocean 

ings (AFP) - 
uellite. out of 
plunged into 
;n Ocean on 

A huge Soviet 
control in spa 
the southern I 
Saturday night 
can Space Co: 
not specify wh 
1767 came 
The satellite iia s launched 
on July 30 by ^ nevwgenera- 
lion Soviet rocket able to 
launch 15-tonne jtoyloads. 
Leading article, page II 

forthc Ameri- 
nd here did 
the Cosmos 

i^ ,J 



We appear to 

gone into the 

record business. 

Our latest release is certainly something 
of a chart-climber. 

defence electronic systems, telecommunica- 
tions and microelectronics. 

Its a set of figures that’s bigger and better 
than anything we’ve 

By the end of June, the group order book 

come up with to date. 
Our first quarter 

pre-tax profits are up 
to an all time high of £43.3 million and the 
earnings per share have increased by 22.3%. 

Results that bear out our development strat- 
egy of focusing on three main product areas: 

13 weeks ended 

. . 

27 June 1936 

28 June 1985 

•• . - *■■■''. -i 

£ million 

£ million 

. . i 

Operating -profit 

. . : 

39.8 • 


Profit on ordinary activities before. taxation 

— . — i i i — — _ 



Earnings per share (pence) 



was £1, 389.2m - an 

increase of £33.4 m 

during the quarter. 

Prospects for the 
future now look even brighter for an indepen 






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dent Plessey. So this year’s record may well j 

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V.* •' • 

turn out to be a 


long playing one. The height of high technology. 

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SCv* M. 
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Pan t 

Israelis new 

gives 11 

l*«y. Kxfx£4 

me for Soviet 

In Moscow yesterday. a 
woman began a hungerstrike 
because ‘she had not been 
given a visa to travel to Israel 
to savp her brother's lift, At 
the same time Israeli dip- 
lomats in Helsinki * were 
preparing for today's first 
formal meeting in 19 years 
with Soviet officials. 

Israeli hopes that the plight 
of Soviet Jewry might im- 
prove as a result of the 
meeting are high, even though 
Soviet sources have repeated 
that the only subjects ’for 

discussion will be Russian 
church property in Israel and 
consular services for Soviet 
citizens Jiving there. 

• The Israeli delegation, how- 
ever, is under Cabinet .orders 
to raise the subject of .Soviet 
Jewry from the very start of 
the meeting. The sad base of 
MrMikhaS Sherman ^iH be a 
perfect one for them- to ad- 
duce; to try to prove that the 
refusal to pant exit visas isa 
denial of human rights. 

Mr Sherman emigrated to 
Israel ‘ six years ago from 
Russia and has si rice devel- 
oped leukaemia. .His only 
chance of survival is said to be 
a bone marrow transplant and 
"The- only, likely donor is his 
sister in Moscow. .Inessa 
Flenov, who has -'now joined 
the 400,000 Soviet Jews vainly 
waiting for an exh visa. Doo- 
tors say Mr Sherinan will die 
in. three months without a 
transplant, but tjie visa for his 
sister has yet to be issued. 
Hence her hunger strike. 

The Israeli Cabinet has been 
left doubt that public 
opinion here , will allow no 
concessions to the Soviet 
Union . without a tangible 
commitment for Jews to be 
allowed to leave Russia. For 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

the second week ru nning the 
regular weekly Cabinet meet- 
ing was the Subject of a mass 
demonstration in favour of 
Soviet Jewry, with several of 
the activists yesterday chain- 
ing themselves to the railings 
Outside the Prime Minister’s 

Mr Anatoly Shcharansky, 
who arrived to a hero's wet- 
c6me in Februaiy, had a 
private meeting last week with 
Mr Shimon Peres, the Prime 
Minister, who insists that 
there- must be ‘‘linkage** be- 
tween anything offered to the 
Russians and the heed to 
obtain exit visas. 

In an article in the Jem- 
salem Post this weekend, Mr 
Shcharansky spelt out the 
Israeli case which he believes 
must be put in H elsinki . . 

“We do not hold even one 
person who wishes to emigrate 
to the USSR as hostage in bur 
discussions with the 
Russians,**- he wrote. “We 
must therefore insist that any 
of foe three minion Jews In foe 
Soviet Union who wish to 
come to Israel be allowed to 
do so. This is foe only 
symmetry that holds any 
meaning.. This symmetry 
must be a condition of any 
future talks.** . . 

Mr Yitzhak Shamir, foe 
Foreign Minister; who is due 
to take over as Prime Minis ter 
in October, has been even 
firmer than Mr Peres in 
insisting that Soviet Jewry 
must head the agenda. 

For foeir part the R ussians. 
who asked for the meeting, 
have insisted that only the 
question of the increasingly 
dilapidated Russian church 
property and the priests who 
serve in it are on the agenda. 
For this reason the negotiators 


plunges jj 

Indian Ots 


■ : V . y-V. 

Lee gloomy about 
Singapore future 

i ' 

% .. 

• ■ ? i 

' David Watts, Singapore 

Singapore started its 21st money employers must pay 

■ - ; T: 

- *' 







year of independence with a 
gloomy assessment of why 
Asia's tiniest success story has 
outpriced itself in relation to 
its industrial rompetitors. 

The . assessment was given 
by .Singapore’s greying father- 
figure, foe Prune Minister, Mr 
Lee Kuan Yew, in a television 
broadcast last nighL He care- 
fully outlined to his citizens 
how Hong Kong, Taiwan and 
South Korea have kept costs 
low and output high while 
Singa p oreans have enjoyed 
boomingjviges and standards 
of living that have, taken, 
salaries net on^ yieJLa&orc' 
their Asian ecnnpetito^fout 
swelled unit production costs 
above those in Japan and the 
United Suites. 

Five years ago Singaporean 
wage rates were an average 
SI. 47 (£.98) an hour with. 
Hong Kong at SI .51. The 
period since then has seen. 
Hong Kong rates increase only 
to $1.78 while Singaporeans 
now earn an average of $2.44 
an hour. 

To hear Mr Lee talking it 
was hard to believe that 
Singapore still has foe highest 
standard of living in Asia 
outside Japan. In "reality, de- 
spite Mr Lee's gloom, foe 
country started a modest eco- 
nomic recovery in the second 
quarter, and there are indica- 
tions that the strict measures 
taken to pull the country out 
of its economic nose-dive are 
beginning to have an effect - 
The measures introduced in 
the spring include a two-year 
wage freeze and a reduction in 
both taxes and foe amount of 

towards social security costs. 

The recovery- is still patchy 
and fragile, with oil refining 
much improved and electron- 
icscfimbing off a low point 
Tourism showed an average 
improvement of 2.8 per cent j 
for foreign arrivals in- the. 
second quarter, many of them 
Japanese cashing in on the , 

growth' of 0.8 per cent looks 
healthy against a first quarter 
result of -3.4 per cent 

Reviewing the familiar cat- 
alogue of Japanese, industrial 
successes, Mr Lee could not 

“Compare the British to the 
Japanese. They were not 
stupider but the things they 
chose to pursue did not win.** 
He described Britain's most 
important failures, such as the 
disastrous Comet/ airliner 
which yielded leadership of] 
the world airliner market to 
the Boeing. 707 and Britain's 
inability to compete against 
foe United States in space; as 
part and parcel of the general 
British decline since the with- 
drawal from East of Suez. 

Mr Lee’s, performance was 
still measured, eminently sen- 
able and for-sighted, but these 
days there is a tiredness in his 
voice and some delect a 
greater concentration on Chi- 
nese values in this multi-racial 
state as foe key to its prob- 
lems. The first 20 minutes of I 
his address, in Mandarin Chi- 
nese, were given over to 
enthusiastic promotion . of I 
Confucian values as foe for- 
mula of salvation for a falter- 
ing Country. 

Coup risk 


\ i 

in Manila 



» . 

M U 1 tl 

S ^ 



■ A# 

? ' ; 

v ■ 


From Keith Dalton 

Some “hidden con- 
spirators** behind last month's 
attempted revolt against the 
Philippine . Government re- 
main at large and there is 
high risk" that followers of 
the ousted leader, Mr Ferdi- 
nand Marcos, will make an- 
other attempt to seize power, a 
presidential committee has 

This second attempt against 
the six-month-old Govern- 
ment coaid occur when Presi- 
dent Aquino begins a series of 
state visits lata- this month, 
the Mantta-. Ckronkte re- 

The visits — to Indonesia 
and Singapore, beginning on 
Sunday, and to the United 
States in mid-September — 
“raise high risks of another 
similar, if not more serious, 
Manila Hotel-type inddenr, 
the committee warned. 

More than 300 troops and 
several thousand Marcos sop- 
porters occupied the luxurious 
Manila Hotel on Jnly 6. 

• NEW YORK. ' A ttroday 
auction at tire weekend of 
goods left by the Marcos 
family in their New York 
bouse brought/ better prices 
than expected, 4 a Philippine 
official said yesterday. The 
new Government hopes * to 
raise a mliUou-doUarg from the 
auction (Renta reports). 

Peru hails 


with IMF 

Lima (Reuter) — President i 
Garcia of Peru has 

Peru has labelled foe j 
International Monetary Fund 
(IMF) a banking policeman, 
saying his country’s moves to 
distance itself from the lend- 
ing agency opened the way to 
new economic justice. 

Speaking from his presiden- 
tial palace balcony, Sefior 
Garcia said the IMF declara- 
tion on Saturday that his 
country was ineligible for new 
loans symbolized the in- 
humanity and injustice of the 
world financial system. 

Peru lost its borrowing 
is at the IMF because of its 
ure to dear S158 million 
(about £105 million) in ar- 
rears, becoming foe fifth coun- 
try ineligible for new loans 
after Vietnam, Sudan, Liberia 
and Guyana. 

President Garda: financial 
system inhuman and utfut 


Israel has chosen are only of , 
medium rank, led by Mr 
Yehuda Horara, head of foe 
Eastern European Depart- 
ment at foe Foreign Ministry. 

But Mr Hannan Banin, the 
ministry’s deputy director, is 
also in Helsinki, where he will 
be on band for i mmediate 
guidance as the talks progress. 
The ministry's deputy spokes- 
man, Mr Ehud Gol, has also 
travelled with foe team, show- 
ing that Israel is anxious for 
maximum publicity about 
what goes on. 

Israeli analysts believe the 
Russians have an ulterior , 
moiive'in putting out feelers 
at this stage. With the Middle 
East peace process possibly 
getting under way a g ain , foe 
view is that Russia wants to 
improve relations so that it 
can b^vea role to play. But foe 
Israeli negotiators are bound 
to insist that there is no 
possibility of this until Russia 
stops supplying weapons to 
Syria and Libya. 

‘like state 
of war’ 

After 30 years m mothballs, the US b a ttles hip Wisconsin is escorted into New Orleans harbour, where it will undergo the 
first stage of a modernization programme to fit it for its return to active service in 1988. 

Attenborough cleared of racism in Zimbabwe 

From A Correspondent 

; Overall, the view here is 
optimistic that the Helsinki , 
meeting , will lead to better 
relations on Israeli terms. It is 
thought inconceivable that the 
Kremlin would ask for foe 
meeting without realizing that 
Israel would demand some- 
thing in return. 

The British film director. 
Sir Richard Attenborough, 
has been cleared of allegations 
that his film company is giilty 
of nudst hiring practices in 
Zimbabwe, the Snnday Mail 
newspaper reported hoe yes- 

Sir Richard Is direct ing a ■ 

nudtf-mBUaa dollar film called 
Asking for Trouble about the 
South African black con- 
sciousness leader, Steve Biko, 
who died in Smith African 
police detention ia 1977. 

The accusations were made 
in letters sent to the state- 
controlled newspaper afro 
filming began 1—t nwiwfh 

The chief complaint was that 

too many of tbe company’s 
film crew were expatriate 

- Unfavourable comparisons 
are understood to have been 
made with the American-made 

low budget film, Eng Sol- 

lutes, which was shot 

ia Zimbabwe last year. 

The Zimbabwe Ministry of 
Information, which is a part- 

ner in Sir Richard's produc- 
tion. was asked to investigate, 
and last week dismissed foe 
charges as unfounded. 

A ministry spokesman arid 
he had verified Hat 196 of the 
287 members of the fihn crew 
were Mack Zimbabweans. 

Zimbabwean law declares 
tbe country a non-rami state 
in which all forms of racial 
differentiation are avoided. 

Flrom Stephen Taylor 

Australia's economic crisis 
was as serious as if foe country 
was at war, Mr Bob Hawke, 
foe Prime Minister, said last 

Bui in a television interview 
linked to tomorrow's budget 
Mr Hawke later assured 
Australians that they were 
“foe greatest people in the 
woritT. All they lacked was 
confidence in foeir ability to 
“match foreigners in trade**. 

Big cuts in public spending 
are expected to be announced, 
against a background of the 
warning two months ago by 
Mr Paul Keating, the Trea- 
surer, that adverse trade fig- 
ures conjured up the spectre of 
Australia becoming a banana 

Mr Hawke said Mr Keating 
probably wished he had not 
used the phrase, but that it 
might have served a useful 

As for the image of the 
“Lucky Country", he said: 
“Thai time is over, and 
Australians have to under- 
stand (that)." 

But Australians were the 
greatest people in foe world, 
he said, and recalled his trip to 
the Commonwealth mini- 
summit: *Tve just been to 
England, where you see the 

sort of 20th century overlay to 
- ^ They 

a caste-ridden society, 
think they are better than us." 

— 'r . +1: 

ii**.. V jL 





Taylor Woodrow-the team that 
make things happen. 

Today we have handed over our part 
of Heysham Nuclear Power Station 
Stage 2 to the Central Electricity 
Generating Board on their original 
contract date. 

Yet another Taylor Woodrow project 
completed on time, reflecting 
our years of experience in 
construction techniques, 
complemented by the 
precision of today’s computer 

We hand over our part of 

We would like to pay tribute 
to the CEGB project team for 
their help and support in this 
very major undertaking. 

Heysham Stage 2 today- the client’s 

If you’d like to see other examples of 
• this success or receive more information, 
please contact Ted Page, Taylor 
Woodrow Construction Limited on 
01-575 4354. 








How Stalin starved the Ukraine 


by Robert Conquest 
Pt 1 : Assault on the peasantry 

Stalin's policies were 
responsible for the deaths of 
more than 14 million 
peasants in the Soviet Union 
between 1930 and 1937 — 
more than the total of the 
dead of all countries in the 
First World War, and more 
than twice as many 
victims as Hitler wonld 
exterminate in his 
genocidal war on the Jews a 
few years later. In the 
Ukraine alone, a quarter of 
the rural population died 
in a famine that had been 
carefully planned and 
executed. Unlike the Nazis, 
however, the Soviet Union 
managed to divert the 
world's attention from the 
enormity of its crime. In the 
first of three extracts from 

his new book, Robert Conquest — a leading authority on 
Soviet history — exposes the opening moves of Stalin's 
campaign of terror and death by famine. 

Just over 50 years ago the Ukraine 
and its neighbouring areas, the 
Don, the Volga and the Kuban — a 
great stretch of territory inhabited 
by about 40 million people — 
resembled a vast Belsen.A quarter 
of the rural population lay dead or 
dying, the rest in various stages of 
debilitation with no strength to 
bury their families or neighbours. 
As at Belsen. well-fed squads of 
police and government officials 
supervised the victims. 

This was the climax of the 
“revolution from above", as Sta- 
lin pul iL in which he and his 
associates crushed two elements 
seen as irremediably hostile to his 
regime: the Soviet peasantry as a 
whole and the Ukrainian nation in 

Stalin's campaign had begun in 
1929. Although the Ukraine was 
under communist control, the 
population was unreconciled to 
the system. Historically, the 
Ukrainians are an ancient nation 
which has survived through ter- 
rible calamities. They have their 
own language, their own culture, 
and a cementing history of 

Bigger than France and more 
populous than Poland, the 
Ukraine was by far the largest 
nation in Europe not to emerge as 
a fully-fledged independent entity 
in the period between the two 
world wars. And in the aftermath 
of the Russian Revolution many 
representatives of the national 
culture, and even many Ukrainian 
Communists, accepted Moscow's 
rule only conditionally. 

Indeed, in March 1917. soon 
after the collapse of Tsardom, a 
Ukrainian Central Council had 
been formed, its bid for autonomy 
providing an opportunity for the 
first great example of the exten- 
sion of Soviet rule by force over an 
independent East European 

The region had been the worst 
affected in eastern Europe by the 
great famine of 1921-22 which 
followed the immense social and 
economic disruption in the wake 
of the revolution. On this occasion 
there was no conscious decision in 
Moscow that the peasant should 
starve, and though the drought 
that year was severe, it could not 
be classified as a disaster. 

The factor which turned the 
scale was the Soviet government’s 
method of crop requisition. It took 
so much of the peasant's product 

that he was not left with enough to 
subsist on, while over the previous 
three years the government's poli- 
cies in the countryside had effec- 
tively removed much of the 
incentive to produce. 

The existence of famine was 
admitted, and an appeal was made 
for foreign aid. In the autumn of 

1921. the future President 
Hoover's American Relief 
Administration started moving 
stocks into Russia which would 
eventually feed more than 10 
million. Even then there was a 
tendency to leave the Ukrainian 
peasantry unassisted, with the 
result that official Soviet figures 
admitted the deaths of 800.000 
Ukrainians in the first half of 

1922. an assessment reported as 
not covering some of the worst 

The great famine had brought 
the government in Moscow to a 
realization that disaster faced if it 
continued to impose its oppres- 
sive agrarian policies; and to an 
acceptance, at least for the time 
being, of a truce which left the free 
peasantry in existence. 

By 1929. having outwitted and 
crushed the right wing of the 
Communist Party. Stalin was at 
last ready to give effect to his 
hostility against what he saw as 
centrifugal tendencies in the 
countryside. He began with a 
double blow; dekulakization and 

Quotas were set far 
above the possible 
and all food removed 

“Brigades would make formal searches, and anyone not in a starring state was the object of suspicion'' 

Lenin envisioned the kulak — 
literally, “fist” — as a rich, 
exploiting class against whom, 
after the removal of the landlords 
proper, peasant hatred could be 
equally directed. A kulak was a 
village money-lender and mort- 
gager. of whom there was usually 
one in a village or group of 
villages. Any rich peasant might 
make an occasional loan, indeed, 
would be expected to. Only when 
money-lending became a major 
source of income and of 
manipulation was he seen as a 
kulak by the villagers. 

In practice then, dekulakization 
meant the killing or deportation to 
the Arctic of millions of peasants 

with their families — in principle 
the better-off, in practice the most 
influential and most resistant to 
the forty's plans. 

Collectivization, the second 
measure, meant the effective abo- 
lition of private property in land, 
and the concentration of the 
remaining peasantry in collective 
farms under Party control 

Stalin seems to have realized 
that only a mass terror throughout 
the body of the nation — that is. 
the peasantry — could really 
reduce the country to submission. 
In 1932-33. accompanied by an 
attack on all Ukrainian cultural 
and intellectual centres and lead- 
ers. as well as on the Ukrainian 
churches, came what may be 
described as a terror-famine. 

K was inflicted on the collec- 
tivized peasants by setting grain 
quotas far above the possible, 
while removing every handful of 
food and preventing help from 
outside — even from other areas of 
the Soviet Union — from reaching 
the starving. 

Nationalism was blamed explic- 

itly for the supposed contumacy of 
the Ukrainian peasants in not 
surrendering grain which they did 
not have, all of which was in 
accord with Stalin's dictum that 
the national problem was in 
essence a peasant problem. In fact, 
one of the aims of collectivization 
in the Ukraine had been staled 
officially as “the destruction of 
Ukrainian nationalism's social 
base — the individual land- 
holdings”. The Ukrainian peasant 
thus suffered in double guise, as a 
peasant and as a Ukrainian. 

In normal circumstances, the 
Ukraine and the North Caucuses 
provided half the Soviet Union's 
total marketable grain. In the good 
harvest of 1930, the Ukraine's 
share was 7.7 million ions <33 per 
cent). In 1931 the same 7.7 million 
tons was demanded of the 
Ukraine out of a harvest of only 
18.3 million tons: that is, 42 per 
cenL Only 7 million tons were 
actually collected. This meant that 
what amounted to a famine was 
affecting the Ukraine in the late 
spring of 1932. 

In July of that year, the vital 
derisions were taken which led to 
the holocaust of the next eight 
months. Stalin again ordered a 
delivery target of 7.7 million tons 
out of a total harvest which the 
collectivization and poor weather 
had reduced to 14.7 million tons, 
two-thirds of that of 1 930. 

It was obvious that the pro- 
posed levels of requisition were 
not merely excessive but impos- 
sible. After considerable argu- 
ment the Ukrainians managed to 
get the figure reduced to 6.6 

million ions, but this too was for 
beyond the feasible. . 

The position was bad in July 
1 932 but it was to grow worse. The 
first procurements were carried 
out in August and in many areas, 
by great effort, the targets were 
met. This virtually exhausted the 
countryside. From then on the 
inhabitants of the 20.000 villages 
of the Ukraine awaited an even 
more menacing future. 

On October 12. 1932 two senior 
Russian apparatchiks — A. 
Akulov, who had been deputy 
head of the OGPU (the political 
administration which was the 
forerunner of the NKVD). and 
M.M. Khatayevich. earlier prom- 
inent in Stalin's collectivization of 
the Volga — were sent from 
Moscow to strengthen the local 
Party. At the same time a second 
procurement was announced, 
though there was now almost 
nothing available. 

By November 1, the delivery 
plan had been fulfilled only to the 
level of 4! per cent and people 
were already dying. Far from 
relaxing its demands, Moscow 
launched into a crescendo of terror 
bv hunger. 

A decree passed the previous 
August had ordered that all collec- 
tive farm properly such as cattle 
and grain should henceforth be 
considered state property, “sacred 
and inviolable”. Those guilty of 
offences against it were to be 
considered enemies of the people, 
to be shot unless there were 
extenuating circumstances, when 
the penalty must be imprisonment 
for not less than 10 years, with 
confiscation of property. 

From August 1932 there was a 
great increase in the extent and 
severity of the law and its enforce- 
ment. From the Kharkov court 
alone. 1.S00 death sentences are 
reported in one month. In both 
town and village, officially en- 
couraged brutality flourished. 

One peasant was shot for pos- 
session of 25 pounds of wheat, 
gleaned in a field by his 10-year- 
old daughter. A woman was 
sentenced to 10 years for cutting 
1 00 ears of ripening com from her 
own plot a fortnight after her 
husband had died of starvation. In 
the village of Mala Lepetykha, 
peasants were shot for eating a 
buried horse. 

Some party activists, even ones 
with bad personal records, tried to 
get fair treatment for the peas- 
antry. One activist explained: “In 
some cases they would be merciful 
and leave some potatoes, peas. 

Peasants were shot 
for eating a buried 
horse in one village 

com for feeding the family, but the 
stricter ones would make a dean 

“They would take not only the 
food and livestock, but ‘all valu- 
ables and surpluses of dothing'. 
including ikons in their frames, 
samovars, painted carpets and 
even metal kitchen utensils that 
might be silver — and any money 
they found stashed away." 

In the larger villages, where such 
things could be better concealed, 
women would be procured for the 
party officials by their need for 
food. At the district level, there 
was even luxury. A dining-hall for 
party officials in Pehrybyshcha is 
described: “Day and night it was 

. : L • ■ 

Josef Stalin: His policies 
devastated the the Ukraine 
guarded by militia keeping the 
starving peasants and their chil- 
dren away from the 

restaurant In the dining-room, 

at very low prices, white bread, 
meat, poultry, canned fruit and 
delicacies, wines and sweets were 
served to (he district 
bosses . . .Around these oases 
famine and death were raging." 

In many areas, brigades would 
now make complete formal 
searches every couple of weeks, 
and not to be in a starving state 
was to be the object of suspicion. 
The activists would then make an 
especially careful search, assuming 
that some food had been hidden. 

One activist, after searching the 
house of a peasant who had railed 
to swell up, finally found a small 
tag of flour mixed with ground 
bark and leaves, which he then 
poured into the village pond. 
There are a number of reports of 
brutal brigadiers who insisted on 
carrying the dying as well as the 
dead to the cemetery to avoid the 
extra trip, and of children and old 
people lying in the mass graves, 
still alive, for several days. 

But one activist recalls: “With 
the rest of my generation f 
believed firmly that the ends 
justified the means. Our great goal 
was the universal triumph of 
Communism, and for the sake of 
that goal everything was permis- 
sible — to lie, to steal, to destroy 
hundreds of thousands and even 
millions of people, all those who 
were hindering our work or could 
hinder it, everyone who stood in 
the way. 

“With the others I emptied out 
the old folks' storage chests, 
stopping my ears to the children's 
crying and the women's wails. For 
I was convinced that I was 
accomplishing the great and nec- 
essary transformation of the 
countryside . . 

• Adapted from The Harvest Of 
Sorrow by Robert Conquest to be 
published by Hutchinson on Au- 
gust 28. price £16.95. 


‘People even ate their 
children and robbed 
graves to stay alive 1 

© Tims NMnpspen Ltd 1WC 


bills at 


you’re looking t 
:t passport to p 
>road simply pac 
id eurocheque 

in ""riii. 

or the 
is and 



You can write cheques 
exactly as you do at home 
and your account won’t be 
debited until the cheque 
reaches your branch. 

So whether its an inn in 
Turin, wine on the Rhine or 
drawing cash in a dash, 
Midland eurocheques make 
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Come and talk, or 

phone 01-200 0200 
tor a leaflet. 


Ripples on the waters 

Salmon farms are 

Tom Kidd 

spoiling the amenity 

of Scotland’s lochs. 

according to one 

pressure group 

Ask anyone to describe their 
image of a Scottish loch and 
the words tranquil, remote, 
and beautiful will probably 
figure somewhere in the 
description. But in an increas- 
ing number of cases, you 
probably could not find less 
appropriate adjectives. The 
sea lochs and inland waters of 
the Highlands and islands 
now form the basis of 
Scotland's newest growth in- 
dustry — salmon farming. 

Its spectacular expansion 
has not met with universal 
approval and is now likely to 
be the subject of a court case. 
The Crown Estate Commis- 
sioners, the people who man- 
age the Queen's estates, foes a 
test case bought by the Scot- 
tish Scenic Trust 

The trust alleges that 
salmon fanners have been 
allowed to coionise and blight 
once- tranquil lochs, damaging 
the local tourist trade, denying 
access to other water-users 
and disrupting the privacy of 
local people. 

According to trust chairman 
Neil Jamieson: “If we foil in 
the courts in this country, then 
we may have recourse to the 
European Court of Human 
Rights in Strasbourg. 

“We maintain that in some 
cases licences have been 
granted by the commissioners 
in a completely autocratic and 
undemocratic way. without 
sufficient consultation, and 
that fundamental rights of 
amenity and access have been 
denied to other users of the 


The test case is an indica- 
tion of the problems faced in 

Ian Anderson on his fish 
trying to bring much-needed 
employment to rural areas. 
After local goverment and the 
tourist trade, salmon farming 
is the main provider of work 
in the Highlands. 

There are now around 100 
companies operating in 200 
fresh and salt water sites in 
Scotland. The industry pro- 
duces 7.000 lonnes a year, 
compared with 600 tonnes in 
1980. and achieves annual 
sales totalling £30m. 

Ian Anderson, lead singer 
with the rock group Jethro 
TuiL has four working sites on 
the Isle of Skye and one on the 
mainland. Anderson is in 
favour of controls on the 
number and nature of the 
farms, even to the point of 
denying expansion to his own 

Among the measures he has 
taken is the introduction of 
regular checks on the cleanli- 
ness of the water and the offer 
of permanent mooring sites to 
yachtsmen who use the lochs. 
Anderson believes the pen- 
dulum has now swung far 
enough in favour of controls. 

Jamieson says the wider 
consultation procedures being 
proposed do not go far enough 
and that the Scottish Office 

form: in favour of controls 
should take into account other 
industries, leisure interests 
and wildlife. 

“We think fish farming is a 
wholly appropriate industry 
for the rural areas of Scotland 
and the west coast Our argu- 
ment is not with the industry, 
but with the Crown Commis- 
sioners for the way they have 
granted licences, and with the 
Scottish Office for its failure to 
plan the growth of the 

The trust wants the 
Commissioners' power to 
grant licences for sea lochs to 
be dependent on local plan- 
ning authority approval and to 
come within the terms of a 
long-term plan for the 

A spokeswoman for the 
Crown Estate Commissioners 
said: “The Commissioners are 
satisfied that they have acted 
in accordance with their statu- 
tory duties." A consultation 
procedure which will take into 
account the views of local and 
regional organisations as well 
as property and landowners is 
likely to be approved by the 
Scottish Office shortly, she 

William Peakin 

© Times Newspapers Ltd, 18M 



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23 Monarch's stafT(7) 

24 Curail IS) 


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Summer good 

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Toghre this help we depend entirely 
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Ait . : 

* I-!; J :< \i 




Owners are worth their weight in gold, which 
. ■ may be why they're known as treasures. 
Maggie Drummond looks at the thriving trade 
■ in keeping someone else’s house spotless 

• The only .lime i .ever felt like 
.... throwing a saucepan at my husband 
was when he upset the daily. He had 
apparently said something very 
rude to the cat ion his way to work, 
which reduced the good woman to 
tears: When he arrived home some 
14 weary hours later, I was still 
faming. “Don't you ever talk to the 
cat like that again," I screamed at 
him hysterically. 

Anyone who has ever loved and 
lost a daily will appreciate this tale. 
To the working mother, a husband 
is an optional extra. A daily, on the 
other hand, is ihe staff — or should 
that be the distaff? — of life: She is 
known as a “treasure" because she 
is hard to find and everyone wants 
to steal her. That's why we do daft 
things like tidying up the house 
before she arrives in an effort to 
keep her. 

Quite why finding someone to 
clean your home should be such a 
problem when there are three 
million unemployed is something 
that puzzles many people, including 
the columnist Auberon Waugh, who 
suggested recently that the Govern- 
ment could do a bit of good by 
extending tax relief to private 
domestic service. Well three cheers 
— except that such a measure would 
increase demand but do very little 
to improve the supply. 

Waugh puts the shortage down to 
ideology, the notion “that no citizen 
should suffer the indignity of having 
to earn a living as a personal servant 
of anyone else". He harks back to a 
golden “Upstairs Downstairs" age 
when domestic workers had “a 
secure and enjoyable life — good 
food, comfort and good company". 
And therein. I feel, lies the problem. 

It’s not that people don’t want to 
work; it’s just that few employers 
outside the stalely home class can 
actually afford 'to offer anything ' 
which adds up to a proper Job any 
more, let alone the 'training and 
career structure of yore. 

Everyone complains that the 
traditional daily is in decline, yet 
dozens of agencies have been set up 
in recent yeais to bridge the gap. Sue 
Rorstad. who founded Poppies six 
years ago when, after the birth of her 
first child, she couldn't find a daily, 
now has 40 franchised outlets from 
Durham through the Home 

“There is a tremendous demand 
for domestic cleaning services and 
there are people who want to do the 
work," she says. “The real problem 
is that cleaners want to do more 
than three hours once or twice a 
week. They want to be property 
employed, with training and se- 
curity and regular pay like every- 
body else." 

Cleaning people's homes can be a 
very lonely business, sbe points out, 
particularly now that wives go out 
to work and the employer may 
never be seen. . In these days of 
heightened social sensitivities, 
cleaners want to fed they are doing 
a respectable professional job and 
belong to some kind of organiza- 
tion. They would apparently rather 
be registered with an agency and pay 
tax than stay in the black economy. 

Poppies employs and insures its 
cleaners. Customers pay £2.90 an 
hour, plus VAT, to ihe agency. The 
idea is that they get the same regular' 
cleaner with a relief to cover 
sickness and holidays, and accord- 
ing to Sue Rorstad there are 
advantages for both sides. "It means 
the cleaners aren't exploited. A lot 
of the trouble which people experi- 
ence with dailies arises because they 
underestimate how long it takes to 
dean a house. 

“ You may get a customer who is 
convinced it can all be done in three 
.hours, when what is needed is a 
spring-clean before the daily starts 
work so she doesn't spend her whole 
life fighting the rubbish to get to the 

“Then you find people who are 
terrified to ask the cleaner to do this 
or that forfearshe will leave. People 
just don't like to ask. We can sort all 
that kind of thing out." 

There are apparently eight dif- 
ferent ways to clean a window, and 
even more theories on what con- 
stitutes a good daily. One friend of 
mine refused to hire, any home- 
grown cleaners, but swears by the 
Spanish and Portuguese, who don't 

‘There is a social stigma 
attached to 

doing a cleaning job’ . 

speak the language too well but just 
get ob with fire job. Another needs 
someone who can answer the 
telephone and take messages as well 
.as wield a. vacuum cleaner. 

“I try to match the cleaner to the 
householder," says Clare Pembery, 
who runs Clare's Cleaners in the 
Richmond and Twickenham areas 
of Surrey. "The job of the agency is 
to serve as a buffer between the 
daily and die customer. Both sides 
find this a difficult relationship 
these days." 

Unlike Poppies, which employs 
the workers itself agencies like 
Clare's Cleaners operate a finder's 
service and the householder pays 
the daily direct This means the 
customer is also responsible for the 
insurance. The daily can sue if she 
trips and breaks a leg on your frayed 

In training with 
my sainted aunt 

Maids in waiting; sweeping all before them (from left) Kim Kennard, Stephanie Eaton ami Jean Willis 

carpet. So if you are the employer 
and pay direct, you should still 
check your bouse contents policy to 
see you are properly covered. 

According to Pembery, rates are 
up to £3 an hour in the Richmond 
area. There is no VAT payable on 
direct payments to cleaners, but the 
agency's finder’s fee is about an- 
other SOp an hour on top of that for 
a year, payable up front, with 
replacement cleaners guaranteed 
should things go wrong. 

This appears to be cheaper than 
other agencies: Universal Aunts, for 
instance, also operates a finder’s 
service and would probably charge 
the customer £25 a quarter, plus 
VAT, for supplying somebody to do 
six hours of cleaning a week. 
Customers are always expected to 
pay the travel costs for the daily. 

Being clean does not come cheap, 
but why should it? Most cleaners are 
young mothers with children who 
want jobs to fit in with school hours. 
But some students join the agencies 
in college vacations. And amazingly 
there are people who actually enjoy 
cleaning. Katie Dent in her second 
year of Pembroke College, Oxford, 
works for Clare's Cleaners in her 

“A lot of my friends prefer 
temping in an office for less'money 
because they think there is a social 
stigma attached to doing a cleaning 
job," she says. "I actually find 
cleaning quite therapeutic. Orig- 

inally I was worried about h being 
women's work, but at least now- 
adays it's recognized as a proper job 
with a wage attached to it. 

“There’s no doubt, however, that 
lots of people are embarrassed 
about employing cleaners. It's not 
exactly the age of the servant, is it? I 
get the feeling that a lot of people 

‘A lot of people don’t 
want that kind of 
"personal service today’ 

prefer a traditional-type daily so 
everyone knows where they are on 
the social scale." 

There appear to be as many 
methods of cleaning as there are 
agencies. There’s a definite trend 
towards a more impersonal sys- 
tematic approach, with teams of 
cleaners rather than just one 
friendly soul For instance. Dial A 
Char, which operates in Kent and 
Sussex, comes in teams of two at 
£3.25 plus VAT an hour for each, 
plus travel costs of 1 5p a mile. If you 
want six hours of cleaning, say, 
you'll get two cleaners for three 
hours, which somehow doesn't 
sound nearly as comforting as 
having one for three hours twice. 

Maids, another franchise which 
operates in and around the Thames 
Valley, comes in teams of threes, in 

tracksuit uniforms and brightly- 
coloured vans with their own 
products. It's all designed to spruce 
up the image of the domestic 
cleaner as a professional, according 
to Maids' manager Terry Eccleston. 
“A regular clean could cost anything 
from £20 to £26 a time, depending 
on the size of the house." he says. 

" We don't aim to be like a daily. 
A lot of people don't want that kind 
of personal service any more. They 
don't want to get familiar with 
someone who comes to dean their 
home and probably wants to chat. 
What customers get from us. I 
suppose, is a mini spring-dean, a 
thorough job. which is not what you 
usually get from an ordinary 

"There are lots of things that daily 
cleaners never seem to get round to 
doing, aren’t there? Well so as not 
to offend her, people often have us 
in to give them a really good clean 
when their regular cleaner goes 
away on holiday." 

0 TJn*» Newspapers, 1988. 

Universal Aunts. 250 Kings Road, 
London SW3 (01-351 5757) 

Poppies UK. 31 Houndgata. Darling- 
ton, Co. Durham (0325 488699) 
Maids, 8-10 High Street Sutton, 
Surrey (01-642 0054) 

DiaV-A-Char, 77 London Road, East 
Grinstead, W Sussex (0342 28391) 
Clare's Cleaners. 4 whitton Road. 
Twickenham (01-977 1100) 

1 am luckier in the matter of 
aunts than P. G. Wodehouse, 
whose real-life aunts were as 
terrifying as the fictional ones 
he described as "aunt calling 
10 aunt like mastodons across 
a primeval swamp". 

Unlike Wodehouse. who 
had 20 aunts, I have only one 
who. again unlike his. never 
tries to make me pull myself 
together but abets me in going 
adrift, most recently by taking 
me to Paris on the* Orient 

If my aunt has a fault it is 
that she regards my under- 
stated way of dressing as a bit 
casuaL so before we left she 
wrote to me; “Wc are advised 
■you can never be overdressed 
on the Orient Express' — so 

I didn't much care for the 
tone of that “so there", so I 
arrived at Victoria in a silk 
tunic dress and high heels. 
These began io look a bit 
undepressed the minute my 
aunt stepped through the bar- 
rier wearing gilt earrings 
shaped like palm (caves and 
approximately the same size. 
Her pcarlized lilac eyeshadow 
also ensured that she stood out 
in the crowd of Orient Express 
passengers, who were mainly 
Japanese honeymoon? rs tak- 
ing photographs of each other 
beside the train's Pullman 

A Wodehouse aunt would 
not have considered ordering 
a whisky in the middle of the 
morning but mine would, and 
did. Seated majestically in 
lone ("First class kitchen car, 
20 seats, built 1928 by Metro- 
politan Cammelf Carriage and 
Wagon Co Ltd for the Queen 
of Scots Pullman", according 
to the guidebook), we both 
became quite toffee-nosed, 
insisting that “We can't stop 
at Bricklcy. it's a non-place”. 

The Orient Express is a joy 
for the early riser, which is 
what every female member of 
my family is. because when 
you wake up at 5am you are 
more than ready for lunch at 
11.30. which is when the 




Orient Express serves il.The 
opportunity “to recreate the 
style and glamour of a h\gone 
age" was rather lost oh the 
Channel crossing since the sea 
behaved like something in a 
Nicholas Monsarrat novel and 
most of the passengers dipped 
their faces into a sick -bag at 
Folkestone and didn't pull 
them out again until Bou- 
logne. My aunt, a sensible 
woman, looked out of a 
porthole, groaned and lav 
down full-length on a sofa, 
presenting a pair of gloaming 
mauve eyelids to the world. 

Since I was once married to 
a Cornish mariner, the heav- 
ing of the fern and the other 
passengers' shoulders held no 
terror for me and I showed off 
no end by tripping daintily 
around Ihe lounge in my high 
heels even when the dock 
became vertical. Had 1 only- 
known that all those miserable 
boat trips off the Cornish 
coast with people shouting 
"lee-ho" and booms hitung 
me on the head would prove 
to be good preparation for 
going to Paris, I wouldn't have 
made so much fuss at the 

How nice, though, that 
those days of roughing it have 
ended, overtaken by Travels 
With My Aunt. 

Setting store by departments 

Once upon a time. London was 
a city with a department store 
on nearly every comer. Bourne 
& Hollingsworth. Derry & 
Toms, Whiteley's, Woo Hands, 
Marshall & Snelgrove and 
Swan & Edgar, all among the 
dear . departed, could supply 
you with most things from 
aprons to umbrellas. 

Then came the boutiques, 
which made shopping a lot 
more decisive since they of- 
fered you the choice of scarcely 
more than a dozen garments. 

After that there was a rise in' 
what's known, inelegantly, as 
“lifestyle retailers" like Habi- 
tat and Laura Ashley. AH you 
had to do was decide which 
lifestyle appealed to you and in 
one single Saturday morning 
yon could go (Hit and boy 
sheets, curtains, tablemats 
and kiteben tiles all in the 
same pretty pattern. 

I don't know what happened 
to people who suddenly re- 
alized that they had chosen the 
wrong lifestyle. Maybe they 
sold their honse with all the 
contents down to the last 
printed cotton photograph 

frame or maybe they just shot 
themselves. All I know is that 
the departure of the old-style 
department stores meant that 
yon could walk for miles 
before you could buy a spool of 
sewing thread or some fuse 

But now look wbat's hap- 
pening. Smart little shops that 
once used to offer a couple of 
overpriced jumpers and a bi- 
kini are now going in for 
cosmetics and home 

It sorely can't be long now 
before some retailing wizard 
dreams up the idea of one big 
building with a lift with a 
uniformed man in it who 
intones, “Third floor, 
lampshade trimmings, padded 
coat-hangers and shoe pol- 
ishes. Going np. Fifth floor, 
gentlemen's outerwear, curtain 

Once again shopping will 
become the confusing business 
it always used to be, bnt 
tailoring chalk and dusters 
and cntlery containers will 
once again be within walking 

Illusion collusion 

Tonight the elders of the 
Magic Circle will debate what 
to them is an absurd notion: 
that women should be treated 
as eqnals and not just objects 
to be sawn in half. 

Anyone gazing into their 
crystal ball will be able to 
predict the result of the de- 
bate. Women win not be 
allowed to join the Circle, not 
now, probably not ever. 

Stacey Lee, a 19-year old 
magician, says this is discrimi- 
natory' and damaging to her 
professional status. Sbe wants 
to join the Magic Circle, 
renowned as the world author- 
ity on magic and illusion, to 
farther her career. Bnt the 
elite group which guards the 
secret of Houd ini's greatest 
tricks like the crown jewels 
has a simple if jocular defence 
when accused of sexual 
discrimination. In the words of 
Paul Daniels, one of their 

Teacher Training 
- the. alternative 

Just leaving school? Thinking 
of teaching? Worried ■ about 
your 'A' terete? Hare you 
thought about the other op- 
tions to be found working 
with young children? 

At the LMC in London, the 
famous Montessori method 
opens worldwide opportuni- 
ties for teaching and child 
care positions. 

Internationally accepted with 
the highest recognised stan- 
dards, the LMC range of 
courses is also the most 
comprehensive including futi- 
ttoie stucy fof Nursery. Pri- 
mary and j Advanced 
Diplomas as weft as evening 
and correspondence 

A prospectus tor each course 
is avertable .from The London 
Montessori Centre, 18 
BaWertorv Street, London 
W1Y 1TG 

(telephone 01-493 0165). 

members: "Women can't keep 
a secret." 

Formed at the beginning iff 
the century as a private 
members* dub, the Magic 
Circle is housed in a converted 
garage off Tottenham Court 
Road In London's West End. 
The ethos of secrecy pervades 
the building, wbicb houses a 
line library, a museum, and a 
small theatre where every 
Monday night performances 
and lectures in the art of magic 
are delivered. The telephone 
number is ex-directory, and 
members are disdplined for 
breaking the secrecy rule. 

Magician Colin Francome, 
one of the Circle members, has 
proposed tonight's debate. 
"It's grossly unfair not to let 
women in," he said. "Magic is 
not simply buying a few tricks 
from a shop and trying them 
out — yon need advice. If the 
Magic Cirde does not allow 
women as members, it will 
destroy its credibility.*' The 
feelings of the old guard are 
summed up by Circle official 
Harry Devano (immortalised 
by his eponymous rising card 
trick) who says, "If women 
want a magic dub they can 
found one. But why intrude 
into ours?" 

The Circle has managed to 
see off an investigation by the 
Equal Opportunities Commis- 
sion but was forced to concede 
a point by allowing girls into 
their annual competition for 
young magicians. Stacey Lee 
reached the finals a couple of 
years ago, "but no way were 
they going to let me win" 
Another magician. Faye 
Presto, holds out little hope for 
a change. "How can they 
discriminate against 50 per 
cent of the population? If 
they're going to be the govern- 
ing body of magic, they’ve jolly 
well got to open their doors. 
But because the old fogies hold 
sway and will continue to hold 
sway for the next 10 years, it's 
extremely unlikely." 

Christopher Wilson? 

Peering through the health 
warnings smokescreen 

The latest messages 

on cigarette packets 

bluntly predict an 

early death, but 

health groups seek a 

still stronger line 

The warnings arc bigger, 
bolder and blunter than be- 
fore. Fifteen years after the 
first comparatively mild 
message on cigarette packets, 
today’s smokers arc left in 
little doubt of the hazards of 
their habiL 

From the initial govern- 
ment warning that 'smoking 
can damage your health’ in 
1971, when cigarettes cost 5s 
3d (26ftp) for 20. the latest 
advice has progressed to grim 
forecasts of early death and 
even of premature birth for 
smokers’ babies. 

The warnings now appear- 
ing would have seemed too 
alarming a few years ago. 
Among the slogans that will 
soon become familiar are: 

'More than 30,000 people 
die each year in the UK from 
lung cancer' 

'Smoking when pregnant 
can injure your baby and 
cause premature birth' 

• ‘Smoking can cause lung 
cancer, bronchitis, and other 
chest diseases' 

‘Smoking can cause fatal 

‘Stopping smoking reduces 
the risk of serious diseases* 
The warnings have been 
issued by voluntary agree- 
ment between the tobacco 
industry and the Govern- 
ment For added weight they 
are attributed on packets and 
advertisements to chief medi- 
cal officers of the health 
departments. They also take 
up more space in advertise- 

ments, 1 7ft per cent com- 
pared with 15 percent 
They have been welcomed 
by organisations such as the 
Health Education Council 
and ASH (Action on Smok- 
ing and Health). But will they 
be effective deterrents? 

Both groups share the main 
complaint “They don't go far 
enough. The message we 
want is simply that smoking 
kills," says Patti White, dep- 
uty director of ASH. 

Research by- the HEC 
showed that smokers felt that 


only the ultimate warning 
would make them quit ciga- 
rettes. “Previous warnings 
have been ineffective. Telling 
people that smoking can be 
dangerous isn't enough." Mi- 
chael Jacob of the HEC says. 

“It needs to be short and 
blunL The latest wordings are 
too lengthy. Why not say that 
smoking kills? After all we 
have plenty of proof that it 

Such a blunt warning is 
already issued to smokers in 
the Irish Republic, where the 
government has adopted a 
more aggressive attitude re- 
cently. Bui the British health 
lobby's demands were re- 

sisted by the industry when 
the latest agreement with the 
Department of Health was 
reached. “We weren’t pre- 
pared to accept a. 'smoking 
kills’ label These are draco- 
nian messages and we are 
under no obligation to accept 
them,” says Clive Turner of 
the Tobacco Advisory Coun- 
cil which represents the 

Other countries have a 
variety of cigarette health 
statements. In the United 
States, they range from stem 
cautions by the Surgeon Gen- 
eral that “Cigarette smoke 
contains carbon monoxide"; 
“Smoking by pregnant 
women may result in fetal 
injury, premature birth and 
low birth weight": Smoking 
causes lung cancer, heart 
disease, emphysema and may 
complicate pregnancy" to the 
more positive and encourag- 
ing advice:“Quitting smoking 
now greatly reduces serious 
risks to your health." 

Germany limits itself to the 
federal health minister's 
comment: “Smoking en- 
dangers your health." France 
is similarly low-key. Iceland 
more progressive, has a bat- 
tery of 16 messages about 
different health risks. 

Britain was one of the first 
countries to introduce health 
warnings on packets, with the 
United States following. “We 
led the way then, but we have 
lost our way in recent years." 
White says. 

Turner says: “Nobody 
really knows whether trying 
to frighten people to stop 
them doing something is 
actually effective. Cigarette 
consumption has declined in 
the last 1 5 years, but probably 
more because of the annual 
hefty tax increases than the 
health warnings." 

x Thomson Prentice 


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One idea is to have Tam Dalyeli's 
Beigrano question as a running gag' 

Stirring stuff 

Rough Justice, the axed BBC show 
that investigated wrongful convic- 
tions. claims it has sprung another 
prisoner. George Beattie, jailed in 
Edinburgh for murder 13 years 
ago. has been released on parole. 
Journalist Peter Hill, who — with 
Martin Young — was suspended 
by the BBC earlier this year for 
their methods in another case, 
says the release vindicates their 
work in the past. Beattie's mother. 
Jean, agrees: “If it hadn't been for 
them stirring it up George would 
have been in prison for another 
two years.” While pointing out 
that many lifers serve less than 13 
years, the Scottish Office refuses 
to comment on his release. The 
Rough Justice duo have now been 
redeployed. Hill on a docu- 
mentary on Suez. Young on 
Breakfast Time. Meanwhile Anne 
Fitzpatrick, the US-resident vic- 
tim of the Rough Justice interroga- 
tion techniques condemned by the 
Lord Chief Justice during Jan- 
uary's court case, is suing the BBC 
for 517 million. 

By the book 

Who should I spy sitting alone on 
a 22 bus in the king's Road, his 
head buried in a book, but Sir 
Keith Joseph, the former educa- 
tion secretary. Recalling Norman 
Tcbbii's recent admission to hav- 
ing read Jeffrey Archer after the 
Brighton bomb because “his 
books require no mental effort at 
all”. I craned my head to see what 
Sir Keith found so engrossing. It 
was One Hunched Years nf Soli- 
tude by the Colombian writer 
Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Any 
ideas for appropriate reading ma- 
terial for other politicians? 


Aid that would end apartheid 


job lost 

Scotland Yard has sacked the 
team who produce The Job. the 
Metropolitan bobbies’ paper. The 
decision to replace AGB Commu- 
nications. who edit the fortnightly 
forum, comes four months after 
the resignation of editor John 
Clcal. His departure, blazed across 
newspaper headlines, followed a 
row with Scotland Yard over an 
article about the beating up of four 
youths: purporting to be the views 
of “a serving poilce officer", it 
turned out to have been penned by 
the Yard's public relations depart- 
ment. Yesterday his suaessor. 
Tim Muil. refusing to elaborate on 
why his firm lost the contracuiold 
me: “It's a highly political situa- 
tion. I cannot comment while I'm 
looking for another job.” The 
Yard says that the contract was 
put out to lender and won by 
Home and Law Communications, 
owned by the Ladbroke Group. 
They may find it a harder beat 
than" it looks. After being in- 
undated with bogus smalt ads 
from constables trying to sell off 
their superiors' cars. Muil once 
complained to me: “Policemen 
are the biggest wind-up artists of 
all time.” 

Blockade buster 

The Selsdon Group, of Conser- 
vative free-marketeers, has leapt 
into the South Africa debate with 
an attack on the sanctions-favour- 
ing Tory Reform Group. In a 
letter of support to Mrs Thatcher, 
its chairman, Tim Janman, con- 
demns those who call for action as ( 
“intellectual pygmies and hypo- 
crites". Names, pack-drills? He 
tells me: “By hypocrites I mean 
primarily Commonwealth leaders: 
by intellectual pygmies I mean 
those in the Conservative party 
who support sanctions." The Tory 
Reform Group? "Totally 
misguided”: Ted Heath's pro- 
posed economic blockade? “A 
lunatic idea". 

Local hero 

Tory grass-rootery has taken hold 
in Norfolk South West Hie party, 
which in May refused to ratify the 
adoption of Charles Harris to fight 
the seat because the Oxfordshire 
barrister had next to no connec- 
tion with the area has, as I 
predicted, found somebody more 
suitable: Gillian Shephard. Not 
only is she deputy leader of 
Norfolk County Council and 
chairman of the Norwich Health. 
Authority but she was bom and 
bred in the area, has worked there 
for 20 years and been a county 
councillor since 1 977. 

Scrap merchant 

Clever Department of Transport 
clerk Paul O'Connor's contribu- 
tion to the ministry suggestion box 
has won him £200. Puzzling over 
the problem of employing six staff 
for three months simply to send 
out second renewal reminders to 
trade licence holders, he came up 
with the solution: scrap the second 


The international crusade for 
sanctions against South Africa 
owes much of its appeal to the 
illusion that there is no alter- 
native. Because of this, otherwise 
sensible people are persuaded to 
support a policy which they 
suspect to be at worst bankrupt, at 
best a product of the politics of 
fatigue, frustration and failure. 

South African liberals have 
reacted to sanctions with dismay, 
because they see white South 
Africa's resistance to change hard- 
ening under external threat There 
is little talk of reform in Pretoria 
these days, reform having ceased 
to be politically attractive now 
that it can be portrayed by the far 
right as a concession to inter- 
national demands. 

And yet for those who recoil 
from the prospect of reducing the 
only successful industrial econ- 
omy in Africa to yet another Third 
World basket case, but would 
hasten the processes of internal 
change, there is a viable alter- 
native, a Marshall Plan for South 
Africa. In reality it represents a 
variation of the Reagan policy of 
“constructive engagement” — 
with one important difference. 

Constructive engagement 
sought to engage the South African 
government A Marshall Plan 
would seek constructive engage- 
ment with the South African 
people themselves — black and 
white. It would accept that the 
only successful pressures for 
change are those generated within 
South Africa which have the 
support of the majority of whites 
and it would seek to increase those 
pressures by offering them (if not 
the government) an alternative to 
isolation and blacks an alternative 
to deprivation. 

Sir Alfred Ayer will have surprised 
many with his recent suggestion 
that ’ the closure of university 
philosophy departments might 
have repercussions for the future 
of information technology in Brit- 
ain. After all, the popular percep- 
tion of philosophers and computer 
scientists is of people at opposite 
ends of the academic spectrum, 
the very embodiments of 
C.P. Snow's “two cultures”. Yet 
the truth is that in the field of 
information science those two 
irTeconcilables — the quest for ab- 
stract truth and the pursuit of 
practical utilitarian goals — have 
become interdependent. 

The point is that although a 
computer is, at one level, an 
ingenious electronic machine it is 
also no more than a tabula rasa 
upon which die programmer may 
realize any and all possible ma- 
chines —"machine”, in this sense, 
being equivalent to “logical 
system". And foe exploration of 
formal logical systems is, of 
course, one of foe central concerns - 
of 20fo century philosophy. 

But this does not simply mean, 
that philosophers have been given 
a new toy. On foe contrary, it has 
turned out that foe work of the 
logicians and pure mathematic- 
ians is crucial to the development 
of foe computer's potential. 

In foe 1950s, for example, the 
American philosopher Noam 
Chomsky revolutionized foe study 
of linguistics when he suggested 
that all grammars shared a com- 
mon “dap structure" which could 
be described in terms of formal 
logic. It might be thought that 
Chomsky's ideas would be of little 
interest outside foe ratified disci- 
pline of linguistic theory, in fact, 
they provided the basis for foe 
construction of most of today's 
“high-level" languages, without 
which computer programming 
would be arduous to foe point of 
impractical ity. 

In foe past few years foe 
connection between programming 
languages and logic has become 
even more direcL It is foe key to 
one of foe most promising 
developments in computer applic- 
ations, foe use of programs known 
as "expert systems”. The idea of 
an .expert system is that it can 
incorporate not just foe facts 
which a human expert has at his or 
her fingertips, but also the rules 
which guide foe expert’s thinking 
when addressing a problem.. 
Enthusiasts foresee a day when 
every doctor, lawyer or engineer 
will have access to an expert 
system which will serve as a sort of 
computerized consultant in his 
particular field. 

One of the most effective ways 
of "capturing" structures of 
knowledge in which facts are 
related to one another by complex 
rules, which even the human 

Fleu r de ViUiers argues that sanctions will 
further polarize South Africa’s Macks 
and whites — and suggests an alternative 

It is a Marxist shibboleth that 
capitalism is the handmaiden of 
apartheid and that economic 
growth and investment . merely 
prop up foe apartheid society. 
South Africa’s recent history 
shows foe reverse to be true. 

Apartheid first began to crum- 
ble under the pressures of a high 
economic growth rate when the 
demand for a skilled and stable 
workforce led to foe recognition of 
urban blacks as a permanent 
community rather than “tem- 
porary sojourners". This led in 
turn to foe granting of freehold 
rights in so-called “white South 
Africa" and eventually to foe 
abolition this year of foe pass laws. 
But black aspirations, fanned by 
reform and frustrated by its 
limitations, inevitably began to 
concentrate on the ultimate goal — 
full political rights. 

It is an ‘ uncomfortable irony 
that. because of a prolonged ana 
deepening recession, aggravated 
by the withdrawal of foreign 
investment. South Africa’s eco- 
nomic growth has now dwindled 
to less than 2 per cent a year, while 
its population is growing at be- 
tween 2 and 3 per cent. Instead of 
being starved of foreign capital 
South Africa needs an infinite 
source of funds if apartheid, once 
banished from foe statute books, 
is not to survive as gross economic 

It has been conservatively es- 
timated that South Africa needs to 

create a million black jobs a year if 
it is to begin to mop up foe 
growing pool of unemployed. Last 
year, as foreign capital dried up. 
500,000 blacks lost their jobs. If 
foe proposed boycott of iron, steel 
and coal exports is effective they 
could be joined by some 40,000 

International investors are un- 
likely to reverse their decision to 
stop putting money in South 
Africa or Western governments so 
to defy the cuxiem mood thatthey 
release loan funds to Pretoria. 

Instead, the answer is for the 
US, Britain and the other EEC 
nations to join in an offer of 
massive aid to enable black South 
Africa to create its own infrastruc- 
ture, and thus make it less 
dependent on government funds 
and controL This would create an 
alternative society far better 
equipped and motivated to claim 
its political future than an apa- 
thetic society of foe unemployed, 
obsessed with material survivaL 

One agency for well-targeted 
foreign aid is already in place. The 
Urban Foundation, funded by 
South Africa's private sector, but 
under multi-racial control and 
dedicated to the creation of viable 
black communities, has proved its 
worth as a major instrument for 
social and political change. Simi- 
lar local agencies could be formed 
to create an alternative private 
education system for blacks, for 
agricultural assistance and train- 

Piers Burnett on the basic link between 
the philosopher and the computer 

Alice springs 
from a tongue 
called Hope 

m , 

Ayen a warning against 
government cots 

expert may not explicitly recog- 
nize. is to use a branch of logic 
called predicate calculus. This has 
led to the development of so- 
called “logic programming” and 
to foe invention of a new program- 
ming language, Prolog, in which’ 
every statement represents a for- 
mula which foe computer can 
manipulate according to the rales 
of predicate calculus. 

The interrelationship between 
the abstract world of logic and the 
practical world of electronic en- 
gineering is neatly illustrated by 
another recent development The 
basic idea of any high-level lan- 
guage is that it provides a sort of 
shorthand in which the pro- 
grammer can concisely express 
instructions, leaving foe computer 
to translate them into a step-by- 
step program. The more complex 
foe instructions that can be ex- 
pressed, foe more powerful foe 
language will be. 

In 1936 foe American logician 
Alonzo Church showed that all 
arithmetical formulae could be 
expressed in a common form 
called the lambda calculus, and 
that all forms of compulation 
could be carried out by converting 
one suing of foe lambda calculus 

' r -~ v mm 

Chomsky: applying logic 
to linguistics 

into another according to a given 
set of rules. Obviously, a program- 
ming language that made it pos- 
sible to implement this on a 
computer would be extremely 
powerful, and a number of such 
languages have in fret been pro- 
duced, including one called Hope. 

It seems likely, however, that 
the full advantages of the elegance 
and economy of languages such as 
Hope will be realized only if they 
are run on "parallel computers”, 
machines which contain many 
processors rather than the single 
central processing unit of the 
“classical" computer, and which 
can, therefore, carry out many 
logical operations simultaneously. 
A team at Imperial College, 
London, has built a parallel 
computer called Alice, designed 
for use with Hope. But the most 
intriguing thing is that Alice was 
also, m some sense, designed by 
Hope: the original specification 
was written in that tangnay. and 
fed into an orthodox computer 
which then generated foe logical 
design for the new machine. 

In another area, that of 
articificaJ intelligence (AI), the 
distinction between philosophy 
and computer science is blurring 

ing, for a network for hospitals 
and clinics, for social and commu- 
nity services and for agencies to 
help black entrepreneurs. 

It is- probable that a programme 
like this would bump heads with 
foe South African government, 
especially if it created pressure for 
the proclamation of more town- 
ships in metropolitan South Africa 
and foe repeal of foe Group Areas 
Act. which keeps blacks penned in 
racial ghettos. 

The plan could serve another 
political purpose. There is a 
substantial element within the 
National Party which is deeply 
disenchanted with the govern- 
ment's inability to grasp foe nettle 
of further, fundamental political 
reform. Earlier this year powerful 
voices within foe Afrikaner 
community urged a split in the 
party and the creation of a multi- 
racial transitional government of 1 
national unity. But internal dis- 
affection does not flourish tinder 
external ihreaL If sanctions are 
applied President Botha could 
succeed in reuniting foe majority 
of whites and leading them perma- 
nently back into the laager. 

If. however, instead of threaten- 
ing isolation, the world were to 
offer a viable alternative, and if 
Botha were to reject it in favour of 
isolation, the tide could swing 
decisively against him. A Marshall 
Plan could thus finally destroy the 
artificial unity of the National 
Party and create foe conditions for 
real negotiation between South 
Africa's polarized communities. 

© Thnu NMPW IMS- 

The author, an assistant editor of 
the Johannesburg Sunday Times. 
is a visiting fellow at the Inter- 
national Institute for Strategic 

even more. As AI struggles to 
widen the computer’s repertoire, 
to find ways in which it may 
advance from the status of a mere 
mechanical drudge and begin to 
see, speak and reason like a 
human being, foe endeavour is 
turning into a strange blend of 
philosophical inquiry and tech- 
nological research project. 

The point is that if we want a 
computer to “see” — that is, to 
recognize foe content of a visual 
image, to understand everday 
lan guag e, or, perhaps most im- 
portant of ail, to acquire the sort of 
everyday knowledge which we call 
common sense — we must first 
determine what it is, exactly, that 
we do when we recognize a 
familiar free, engage in conversa- 
tion or learn how to cope with the 
world around us. 

We could of course turn to the 
neurologists for an explanation of 
what was going on in our brains 
when they performed such feats 
but they could, as yet, provide us 
with tittle helpful information. 
There are, it should be added, 
some signs that we may in the 
future be a We to build machines 
which work like a brain in this 
very literal sense. But in the 
meantime, if we want to make the 
best of the machine which we 
already have — foe computer -we 
will have to “ think about 
thinking” at a very different level 

We will have to find ways to 
make concepts like “recognition”, 
“understanding” and “learning” 
rigorous a nd unambiguous, and 
devise logical symbolisms that can 
be used to represent our existing 
knowledge and ideas. This, again, 
is the business of philosophers; 

Already, espeaally in the 
United States, collaboration and, 
often, controversy between en- 
gineers and philosophers con- 
cerned with AI is generating some 
of foe liveliest and most exciting 
interdisciplinary debate seen since 
the Darwinians confronted foe 
theologians 125 years ago. Leading 
members of the “artificial intel- 
ligentsia” such as John McCarthy. 
Marvin Minsky and- Seymour 
Paper! have not been afraid to 
address the philosophical issues 
head-on. Philosophers such as 
Daniel Dennett. Hubert Dreyfus, 
Douglas Hofstadter and- John * 
Searle have enthusiastically 
plunged into the fray. 

So. before foe government starts 
to axe away the roots of British 
philosophy — if that is indeed its 
intention — those responsible 
should reflect on the origins of the 
computer. Although we may now 
see it as a prodigious child of 
technology, it was first conceived 
as a twinkle in the roving eye of 
philosophy; and the philosophers 
may yet have as large a part as the 
technologists to play in bringing it 
to full maturity. 

Could the expat vote save Thatcher? 

Joan Collins may not portray the 
acceptable face of capitalism, but 
she could be a definite electoral 
asset The Conservative party 
hopes that she. along with other 
Britons in Hollywood - Michael 
Caine and Scan Connery among 
them — will give a glamorous 
boost to the Tories* flagging effort 
to register expatriates as voters. 

First came a mailshot delivered 
to 100.000 expats — not a 
conspicuous success, as was re- 
flected by the figure, reported in 
The Times last week, of only 420 
responses. Then came the per- 
sonal touch: a visit to Los Angeles 
by Jim Spicer, the party's vice- 
chairman. ended an extensive tour 
of whai is now a global constit- 
uency for the British political 

Last year Parliament conferred 
the vote on at least 500.000 of the 
three million British citizens who 
live or work overseas. These are 
people who ha*e been abroad for 
less lhan five years and who 
intend returning’ to the UK. By 
making a declaration to a British 
consul they can be registered to 
vote by post or proxy in the 
constituency in which they pre- 
\iously Iricd. 

The move attracted less notice 
lhan other changes in the I9g5 
Representation of the People Act 
But unlike votes for holiday- 
makers — which onlv really count 

in a midsummer poll — foe 
expatriate vote has impact when- 
ever an election comes. If. as 
generally, predicted, the next gen- 
eral election is a neck-and-neck 
contest the expatriate factor could 
be crucial. Half a million votes is. 
more than 1 per cent of the 
electorate, or about 800 per 
constituency. That is more than 
enough to decide what govern- 
ment we shall have. In the 1964 
election 84 votes in force constit- 
uencies would have changed the 

Electoral reform is almost al- 
ways carried out by foe party 
which stands to gain most from it 
(such as Labour's abolition of the 
business vote in 1948). It is no 
surprise that foe Conservatives are 
out to exploit the new expatriate 
vote, through the mailshot 
Spiccr-s mission and foe forma- 
tion of a new membership 
organization. . Conservatives 
Abroad. For subscriptions ranging 
from £15 to £45, far-flung Tories 
will receive invitations to meet 
visiting ministers and MPs. 

Spicer's tour did not include 
South Africa. But critics of the 
Tory campaign are preparing to 
make political capital out of the 
possibility that the next Conser- 
vative government could be 
elected on the strength of “while 
South African votes” 

The Labour Party, which re- 
sisted foe change, admits that the 
Conservatives will benefit most 
and - that it cannot match their 
effort. A-comparison can be made 
with foe introduction (by Labour) 
of postal voting, which in the 
1950s was estimated to be worth 
10 or 1 2 seats to the Tories. 

It is too late to wake up to what 
has happened in constitutional 
terms. For a start purists com- 
plain that expatriate votes are 
incompatible with a House of 
Commons elected on the principle 
of geographic representation. Un- 
til now. residence in this country 
has been the essential qualifica- 
tion.' In theory, at least people 
vote not for a government but for 
an MP to represent them. Now we 
have a class of voter who does not 
live in foe country, let alone a 
specific constituency, has no di- 
rect contact with i ts problems, and 
probably pays no taxes. 

Gerald Kaufman neatly defined 
Labour's objection. He asked why 
the votes of people sunning them- 
selves in tropical dimes should 
effectively decide the heating 
allowances of pensioners . shiver- 
ing in Britain, indeed, with voles 
at stake, it will be interesting to see 
if the government actually moves 
m the direction of the expatri- 
ates — for example, in the treat- 
ment of their tax or pensions. 

Conservatives Abroad plans to 
distribute a news-sheet sped fically 
to inform its members about UK 
legislation which might affect 

What is the case for giving 
people foe vote wherever they 
may be in foe. world? There is the 
narrow precedent of proxy votes 
for diplomats and foe Services 
overseas. Yet ifihego-geners who 
built foe Empire never had the 
vote why give their successors the 
privilege now? . 

The answer, principally, is that 
in these limes of easy travel and. 
the advem of multi-national 
employers, many people work 
abroad for temporary periods but 
do not Jose touch with Britain. For 
them, the right to vote is. an 
essential tic. and , foe reformers 
claim that constitutional practice 
should evolve to recognize mod- 
em conditions of life. - 

Parliament's compromise .is to 
limit the overseas franchise to 
voters who have been abroad for 
less lhan five years. Originally the' 
government had proposed a' cut- 
off at seven years, and some 
Tories wanted it to be 10 years. . 
The Home Office promised to 
keep this m mind for future 
legislation. Plainly, this reform of 
the franchise could, run longer 
than Dvnastv 

John Warden 

Clement Freud 

Putting exams 
to the test 

The other dav I was sent a sample 
GCSE examination paper entitled 
“English Paper 2 - Understand- 
ing and Response” set by the 
London and East Anglian Group. 
The paper consisted of several 
extracts from The Secret Diary oj 
Adrian Mole, that wise contem- 
porary classic, and another pas- 
sage. unidentified, about a young 
girl's visit to an old people's home. 

Candidates have 15 minutes to 
read the passages and an hour and 

three quarters to answer five 
demanding questions. One re- 
quires the candidate to "Imagine 
that you are an elderly person 
reading these two passages” and 
“Give your impressions of foe two 
young people involved”. This 
exam, to be sat by most 15 or 16- 
y ear-olds, requires considerable 
skills of perception, comprehen- 
sion and writing ability. Any pupil 
who can approach these questions 
will not only understand and 
respond to a wide range of writing 
but also be equipped to continue 
to respond outside school. 

When foe argument over the 
timetable for introducing GCSE 
was at its height, one of the factors 
that influenced me was the dis- 
crediting of foe old, parallel 
system of GCE and CSE. It is not 
just the tout neuf. tout beau 
syndrome, as in the August plate 
change which influences foe whole 
pattern of car sales. The entire 
philosophy and organization of 
foe old dual system had been 
shown up as being fruity. 

It is true that GCEs and CSEs 
had come to cater for frr more 
children than was originally in- 
tended It is also true that foe real 
impact of GCSEs will not be felt 
until foe candidates are assessed 
against set standards rather than 
against one another — in foe jar- 
gon. criterion rather than norm 
referenced But with a far more 
imaginative approach to “set 
books” and questions, the new 
English exam looks like a distinct 
improvement. In aiming to test 
understanding as much as knowl- 
edge, it also seems to avoid the 
other extreme of merely setting up 
arbitrary technical criteria, or foe 
new accounting assumption that 
can be measured 
. But in applauding these 
changes, let me sound two notes of 
caution.The first concerns the 
continued over-dominance of our 
whole school system by exams, 
and thus the retention of a 
hierarchy of exams, subjects and 
knowledge created by foe univer- 
sities. The new GCSE boards have 
broken away from their prede- 
cessors, which were creatures of 
university requirements; yet it is 
still the case, as one iconoclastic 
headteacher commented that 
young people seek employment 
only when they have failed at one 
of foe hurdles, rather than feeling 
qualified by leaping a hurdle. 

Thus, although the A level 
syllabus continues to be largely 
determined by university entrance 
regulations, less than a third of A 
level candidates actually go to 

university. I am not suggesting 
that we move towards measuring 
more factors - as YTS courses 
now “measure” time-keeping and 
personal cleanliness — but rather 
that complementary means of 
recording achievements should be 
developed alongside foe GCSE. Is 
it necessary, for example, even for 
a pupil gifted in the con- 
ventionally academic way and 
intending to go on to A levels and 
higher education, to take examina- 
tions in all subjects studied to 16? 

My second caution is in respect 
of those for whom foe GCSE is, in 
effect, too late (or of foe late 
developers, for whom it is too 
early). Although no one seriously 
believes that exams are anything 
but a very rough proxy for the real 
talents of job applicants or those 
aspiring to continuing education, 
we are. all of us. reluctant to drop 
our reliance on them as often as 
we should. 

Mature students and ones with- 
out A levels still form a tiny 
proportion of those entering 
higher education. In this context 
foe government's recent ann- 
ouncement of research funding to 
help explore ways of selecting 
adult students is welcome — 
though one wonders what kept 
them. I hope that the acceptance 
of the principle of transferabil- 
ity — foe system to be researched 
originated in the United States — 
will be only foe first step along 
that road, f do not accept that 
institutions cannot acknowledge 
experience gained informally in 
the formal context of admissions. 
Both formal, school-based learn- 
ing and knowledge absorbed in life 
after school do, in the best of all 
worlds, bead in foe same direc- 

Exams that depend on passing 
or failing as foe main categories — 
which GCSE, for ail its differenti- 
ation for different pupils, will still 
do — overlook the obvious: that 
the demonstration of many abil- 
ities is more probablistic than 
absolute. Human behaviour does 
not always fit into foe superficially 
simple and attractive boxes of 
“can” and “cannot”. In addition, 
it is worth pointing out that 
mature students often gain better 
results than those entering straight 
from school. 

As foe recent Alliance docu- 
ment Partnership for Progress 
says: “There is nothing wrong with 
seeing educational certification as 
a passport, provided it is given on 
fair criteria and is available to all. 
If we persist with a system in 
which only a limited number of 
passports are available, it will not 
be surprising if the majority feel 

Thus examination papers 
involving Adrian Mole are only 
foe first step. The example he 
offers should be used, not only for 
exam questions, but to force us to 
accept the skills he displays in bis 
life as being equally valid to those 
of foe classroom. 

The author is Liberal MP for 
Cambridgeshire North-East 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

A dead right 

Most people here in Edinburgh 
can claim some link with the 
FestivaL bat my friend Hugh, with 
whom I am staying, has the rare 
distinction of having performed in 
both the Commonwealth Games 
and the Edinburgh FestivaL A 
singing athlete? A 400 metres 
mime artist? Not quite; he is a fine 
piper, and his band was to be seen 
and beard marching in the open- 
ing ceremony of both events — 
though, if I read correctly be- 
tween .foe lines, the Festival 
Cavalcade was more fun, if only 
because there were too many 
people at foe Games (which is die 
first time they have had that 
particular criticism). 

“Our band is called the Scottish 
Caledonia Gas Pipes and Drums, 
for foe very good, reason that we 
are sponsored by the Gas Board”, 
Hugh says. “They look after us 
well enough, and I hoped at the 
start that we might be eligible for a 
discount on zbe gas bill. But this 
proved too revolutionary.” 

“Do you wears special tartan?” 

“Yes, we do. Very. special, as a 
matter of fact, because we asked 
foe Scottish College of Textiles to 
design it for us. We gave them foe 
Gas Board colours, foe bright blue 
and the touch of purple, and they 
got their computer to come up 
with the best possible arrange- 
ment. so we've actually got a 
computerized tartan. Nothing 
fuddy-duddy about foe Gas 

"What’s foe tartan called?” 

“Hunting Propane.” 

For a moment, I almost .be- 
lieved him. 

“No, actually, it's called foe 
William Murdoch tartan, after the 
man who invented foe casserole or 

As if this were not enough work 
for Edinburgh, Hugh has also 
helped, organize a Festival show. 
He is with the newly united 
National Museums, .and did a lot 
of work on foe new Ingenious Scot 
exhibition down at foe National 
Gallery. This is a hymn of praise 
ip all foe bright Scots who have 
invented and perfected the things 
that make the world a better place 
ao live, and also people like 
Alexander Graham Bell and John 
Logie Baird, who came up with foe 
telephone and television. So I had 
to pay the show a visit, ostensibly 
to please Hugh, but really to see 
how well foe Scottish Gas Board 
came out of it 

It sounds a funny thing to say, 
but I don’t think the Scots tike 
boasting much about their home 
achievements, only their inter- 
national successes. Harry Lauder, 
like Billy Connolly, is a bit of a 
hero because be made it abroad, 
and one of foe stunning items in a 
good show is the life-size version 
of Lauder which (thanks to a 
filmed performance by Bill Pater- 
son) actually talks, laughs and 
winks at you. 

On the other band, foe Scots get 
sick of their international reputa- 
tion if it’s based .on tourist 
trimmings: There are two symbols 
of Scotland on display outside the 
gallery. One is Oor Wullie, foe 
cartoon figure from the Sunday 
Post foe cheeky lad frae Glasgow. 
The other is a Gerald Scarfe 
creation, a tartaned piper blowing 
bagpipes which light up electric 
bulbs at every extremity. The 
crucial point is that Scarfe's 
Scotsman, whistled up by an 
English artist, contains all the 
Scottish cliches, while there is 
nothing about Oor Wullie - visu- 
ally -which makes him in the 
least Scottish. Mark you, Oor 
Wullie is himself a bit old- 
fashioned now — he must be. the 
only Scots character left still 
raying Mings” and "Crivens” - 
but he’s still a necessary corrective 
to foe English view of John Logie 
Baird as a wee kilted man saying. 
a a bonny bonny 

Mel Caiman, with whom I am 
touring foe show, points out that 
quite rightly there is a showcase 
devoted to Scottish drinking his- 
tory, which includes a 1 9th cen- 
tury c ^ v ‘9 e measuring die 
arengfo of drinks. It’s a little box 
of numbered glass beads, all 
different. When foe right-num- 
oered bead drops to the bottom of 
foeglass. youve got foe. correct 
strength of foe drink. 

Imagine using them at a 
efti murmurs Mel, “and find- 
mg u harder and harder to get the 

oul of ^ glass: Until 
eventually people don’t care any 
more, and are swallowing the glass 
beads along wifo their drams fT” 
A to^cly collection, es- 
hnu*! b\ l of Stevenson light- 

discQ would 
fm !* m impressed. 

^Pressed be-' 

GaxaSS e i, ,S noihm 8 a bQUt foe 
bw* Hugh is not only 
talented, he s incorruptible. 


a! \ 

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“U‘ *: 

'U' Hu- 

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tine C \d 

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Us Kind# 



1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 0M81 4100 

Dnnn?TC Aitm r rTTi? !>TOrvr/^ ottVt a mother’s right to choice of care Selective blows 

V* XV **^ X X' XlXlf -KXOAi^l-Vy £ rom MrJ.C. Hart gill and others tjon wiih minimising any im- OfToinot QrvartFiPrt 

Wiih ihe textbook launch of its 
new HI rocket Japan has in the 
pasr- few days taken a stride 
toward independence in space 
technology, freeing itself from 
reliance on the United.States. 
If the next steps are executed 
as faultlessly, the first truly 
made-in-Japan rocket will take 
to the sky in 1991, with the 
power to put a two-ton satellite 
into the geostationary orbit 
essential'fbr communications, 

It is difficult to resist the 
symbolism of the launch. Here 
is the end of tutelage, and not 
just In high technology (signs 
abound of Japanese move- 

mem into basic. science). The 

launch of HI comes only 
weeks after the Nakasone gov- 
ernment committed itself to a 
much-expanded defence pos- 
ture: the capacity, to launch 
rockets and the capacity to 
wage war may not eventually 
be easily disentangled. Japan's 
emergence as a space power 
crystallizes its past progress 
towards global economic 
strength. It points forward to 
new Japanese diplomatic and 
military activity, and the selfc 
conscious (second) arrival of 
Japan as a world power. 

The launch itself was a 
milestone on a long path. 
More modest payloads have 
been launched during a careful 
programme of space technol- 
ogy which began 17 years ago. 
The technology for the rockets 
was licensed from the United 
States, in parallel with other 
Japanese development work. 
The arrangement was restric- 
tive. h forbade the use of 
vehicles to launch satellites for 
foreign countries. 

The first vehicle to be built 
in Japan, called N1 and based 
on the American Delta rocket, 
was fired successfully in 1975. 
The new H2 launcher, on 
which' work starts next year, 
will challenge the progenitors. 

U will compete directly , with 
the American launchers and 
with Ariane, the European 
vehicle, for the potentially 
lucrative business of putting 
commercial and scientific pay- 
loads into space. . 

The Japanese success would 
have been spectacular at any 
time. To arrive during the 
disarray at the National Aero- 
nautic and Space Administra- 
tion and the grounding of 
Ariane adds poignancy to the 
Japanese achievement Worse, 
from the American point of 
view, is the coincidental news 
. that the Soviet Union has 
established a new. space 
. agency, Glavkosmos. which is 
offering the West bargain-price 
launches on its Proton rocket 
In an opportunistic move, the 
Russians are offering a price of 
under $20 million — or half 
that of Ariane — to launch a 

There is some way to go 
before Japan becomes a full 
member of the first division in 
space. The flight of HI was 
really a test for the next 
generation in. rocketry. None 
the less, in the process the 
Japanese put two satellites into 
space, one for use by ham 
radio operators and the other 
for geodetic surveys. 

Japan's success will result in 
a welcome increase in com- 
petition in the international 
market for communications 
satellites. The Japanese gov- 
ernment recently decided to 
allow private business to buy 
satellites for launching, follow- . 
ing the ending of the monop- 
oly belonging to NTT, the 
huge state-owned Nippon 
Telegraph & Telephone Cor- 
poration. Previously, the 
shackles imposed by the 
Americans on launch avail- 
ability were exacerbated by 
domestic restrictions on type 
of satellite. Here was another 

reason why the lopsided bal- 
ance. of Japanese trade could 
not be redressed by buying 
foreign satellites for launch, or 
by collaborating with tele- 
communications firms in the 
United Slates and ■ Europe 
which would supply equip- 
ment and knowledge for the 
development of information 
technology and broadcasting 
networks. Now the field of 
telecommunications services ' 
is open to competition, though 
considerable government re- 
gulation remains: 

In its first phase of develop- 
ment, the Japanese National 
Space Development Agency 
limited its programme to two 
satellite launches a year. In 
customary Japanese spirit the 
agency ordered spacecraft only 
from a fledgling local industry, 
so removing the danger of 
being swamped by the more 
experienced high technology 
teams in this field from the 
United States and -Europe. 
Now the. doors of competition 
are open, Japanese capacity- is 
in' place, and strong. 

But the programme of large 
satellites planned for H2, with 
50 launches expected over 15 
years, still requires an injec- 
tion of more advanced tech- 
nology. The Japanese launch 
is, unmistakeably. an early 
warning of the emergence of a 
formidable competitor in tele- 
communications. satellite pro- 
vision and launch capability: it 
also signals an opportunity for 
new collaboration. And the 
motto has wider relevance. 
Some role grander than its 
present intermediate or 
“‘Asian" standing in diplo- 
macy and world politics awaits 
the Japanese competitor/ 
collaborator. The capacity to 
launch rockets and so to take 
part in the utilization and 
exploration of space is a good 
definition, for the century to 
come, of great power status. 


The English Tourist Board 
reports that three and a half 
million visitors per year pass 
through the doors of West- 
minster Abbey, making it the 
most- visited historic building 
in the country. .'Those i who 
have been recently report that , 
they aH seem to be there on the 
same day. 

It is not surprising that the 
Abbey’s own staff are said 
sometimes to repair to St 
Margaret's next door or West- 
minster .Cathedral nearby, in. 
search of a peaceful space to 
say their prayers. By press of 
numbers^ England's principal 
house of religion is more or 
less given over to tourists in 
the month of August Also St 
Paul's. York and Canterbury 
cathedrals, where the numbers 
visiting are of the same order. 

Tourism has economic im- 
portance. so it is plain that the 
national heritage of ancient 
religious buildings is a contrib- 
utor to the wealth of the 
nation. In return, the nation 
invests very little, for the total 
returned to the Treasury in 
VAT on repairs and mainte- 
nance for such buildings prob- 
ably exceeds what they receive 
in state aid: 

Any cathedral chapter which 
dares to contemplate imposing 

an admission charge can be 
sure of a wave of local and 
national resistance. So they . 
tend to take the less controver- 
sial course- of charging for 
admission to the crypt- or - 
chapter-house, or “inviting” 

. donations' at the . door — . the . 
most effective ruse being to 
make the invitation to donate 
look like a compulsory charge 
without actually saying soJn 
‘ many cases the fabric quietly 
deteriorates, as necessary re- 
pairs are postponed. Or the 
chapter just gets by, on pro- 
ceeds from the book shop, 
collections, and spasmodic ap- 

Either the inhibition against 
sensible entrance charges 
should be sensibly overcome, 
or some way found of return- 
ing through the state purse 
much more of the revenue, 
from, tourism, that these his- 
toric assets generate. 

Controversy over admission 
charges arises from a false 
opposition between piety and 
trade. An opposition is some- 
times proposed between the 
clamour of coach parties and 
the. requirements of the con- 
gregation of regular worship- 
pers, one purpose thought 
essentially secular, one con- 
sidered spiritual. But the medi- 

eval cathedral was usually 
designed tp cope with the co- 
existence of couth and -un- 
couth: canons at their office at 
one end, chickens'bbught and 
sold at the other. The .' 
medieval s knew, why Jesus, 
drove the money-changers out 
of the Temple: and it was not 
because commerce itself is 

The attraction of visitors in 
large numbers to these ancient 
buddings is a remarkable trib- 
ute to the magnates and ma- 
sons who built them, and to 
those who have cared for them 
since. Visitors are glad they are 
there, and want them to re- 
main. They would surely not 
count it an imposition to be 
asked to make the future of the , 
buildings more secure: 

Nevertheless not every great 
cathedral is geographically i 
well-placed to profit from ! 
tourism, and the introduction 
of standard entrance charges at 
ail of them would cope un- 
evenly with need. The case for 
charging for admission to 
Westminster Abbey would be 
even stronger, and the willing- 
ness of visitors to accept such a 
charge even greater, if it was 
known that Ripon or Peter- 
borough. say, would share in 
the proceeds too. 


Last week's arbitration agree- 
ment between Israel and Egypt 
oveT the disputed Sinai area of 
Taba must be counted a small 
step in the wider search for 
Middle East peace. Yet the 
dispute, over a mere 700 yards 
of beach on the Red Sea, was 
always bigger than it appeared. 
On it hinged the chance of 
improvement in relations be- 
tween Egypt and Israel, which 
the Egyptians have doggedly 
resisted since withdrawing 
their ambassador from Tel 
Aviv- during Israel's invasion 
of Lebanon in 1982. For the 
sake of that opportunity the 
Taba agreement is welcome. 

To both the Israelis and the 
Americans, Egypt's insistence 
on settling Taba has seemedio 
be little more than a pretext for 
President Mubarak to avoid 
taking steps towards “nor- 
malization” of relations as laid 
down in the Camp David 
accords. Distancing himself 
from Israel gave the president 
the opportunity both to im- 
prove relations with his Arab 

Prime time for crime 

From Inspector G. Bourne-Taylor 
Sir. Your editorial (August II) 
suggests that daily television pro- 
grammes on the lines of weather 
bulletins could be broadcast to 
help the community in the “battle 
against crime*’. - • 

An interest in the weather is 
acknowledged to be our national 
pastime, but although anti-crime 
bulletins may be in the public 
interest they arc not in the same 

neighbours and contain his 
own religious extremists, at the 
expense of the peace process. 
Egyptian popular feeling saw 
in the refusal of Israel to 
submit the Taba question to 
arbitration a symbol of the 
Jewish state's bad faith. Anti- 
Israeli feeling in Egypt is not 
confined to religious fanatics 
and intellectuals. It runs right 
through society. Nevertheless, 
there were good reasons for the 
Egyptians, with some pressure 
from the Americans, to come 
to an agreement over the issue. 

Shimon Peres is seen by the 
Egyptians as holding out hope, 
for some eventual overall 
settlement of the Palestinian 
problem. It was important that 
Cairo should improve rela- 
tions before he leaves office in 
October, as a sign to the 
Israelis of Egypt's own good 
faith in peace. 

The question after Taba ts 
how far President Mubarak 
can afford to have genuinely 
better relations with Israel, 
and to what extent the West 

way of interest and might not be 
regarded as attractive viewing — 
Crimenwcb has a dramatic appeal 
which could not be sustained on a 
daily basis. 

The Home Office produces 
good crime-prevention material 
for which the commercial tele- 
vision channels offer free off-peak 
viewing lime, but regrettably, as a 
consequence, these “fillers" are 
only seen late at night. if at aJL ' 

Television time costs money 
and without considerable goodwill 

should exert pressure for them. 

The Israelis want not just 
the return of an Egyptian 
ambassador, and a summit 
between the two presidents, 
but also an improvement in 
trade and tourism. In short, 
they would like a move to- 
wards the normalization pro- 
cess cut short in 1982. 

This may be impossible for 
President Mubarak to deliver 
without endangering his own 
domestic position. Egypt's 
economy is in a poor state: 
discontent at rising prices is 
vocal. Overt agreement with 
Israel would increase the un- 
popularity of the Mubarak 
regime, and heighten the risk 
of violent disturbance. ' 

For the West the balance of 
advantage lies at present in 
keeping Mubarak in' power,* 
rather than in forcing the pace 
in what is a long-term process 
of peace-seeking. It is more 
important that Egypt remains 
stable than that the fine print 
of the Camp David agreement 
is observed. 

from ihe television companies or 
substantial disinterested sponsor- 
ship the police would.not have the 
resources to present the broad- 
casts you suggest. 

Yours faithfully. 

Metropolitan Police. 

Pcd Centre, 

Aerodrome Road. 

Hendon. NW9. 

August ia 


From MrJ. C. Hartgilf and others 
Sir. Now that the panel of the 
HM61 112 enquiry set up by the 
Tower Hamlets District Health 
Authority has reported, and Mrs 
Savage has been reinstated, it is to 
be hoped that the enquiry into the 
Department of Obstetrics and 
Gynaecology at The London Hos- 
pital which is now being organised 
by. the district health authority will 
see fit to explore the problems that 
led Ip Mrs Savage's suspension, as 
well as the . effect which the 
prolonged, expensive procedure 
has had on the department, the 
hospital and the community. 

Far many years the maternity 
department of “The London" 
have supported the rights of 
women to determine the mode of 
their care believing it to be. 
fundamental that they be fully 
counselled, prior to their decision, 
by a professional of their own 

Every effort has been made, 
within the limited resources avail- 
able. to support those who wish to 
devolve the care of healthy mater- 
nity patients to the community, 
provided that this process is 

properly and comprehensively 
organised for the welfare of the 
women concerned. Similarly, the 
processes of natural childbirth 
have been encouraged, in conjunc- 

Post beyond the pale 

From Lord Beswick 
Sir, The splendid results reported 
by the Post Office for 1985-86 
support the contention that it is 
possible to secure an efficient, 
innovative. profitable 

organisation without the fashion- 
able device of hiving off cash by 
way of dividends to absentee 
shareholders. Much credit should 
go to the public-spirited leadership 
of the present Post Office chair- 
man and his colleagues. 

But could I add some further 
thoughts? Internal letters carried 
by the Royal Mail increased by 5.9 
per cent, the bigbest-ever leveL 
Positive marketing no doubt ac- 
counts for some or this. However, 
judging by my own mad increase 
and that of friends this extra 
carriage does not reflect the 
growth of a genuinely healthy 

Of course personal letters are 
more than welcome; commercial 
correspondence, bills etc. some 
charity appeals are expected, but ' 
more than a 5.9 per cent increase 

Chapel heritage 

From the Director of the Council 
for British Archaeology 
Sir. Not everyone would agree 
with Mr -Ralph Fennell's sugges- 
tion (August 2) that "far too 
many” Nonconformist chapels are 
being listed. Nor is it unreasonable 
that pants for die repair of 
outstanding chapels should cany 
conditions which may preclude 
the drastic alteration of their 

Many conservationists are puz- 
zled by the impression which is 
sometimes given by members of 
the Free Churches that their 
ministry in some way lessens their 
responsibilities towards listed 
buildings. Owners of listed bouses, 
or mills, or railway stations, free 
up to the challenges of conserva- 
tion, sometimes with reluctance, 
but just as often with enthusiasm 
and pride: 

In feet, my council is not alone 
among national organizations in 
supporting a continuation of 
ecclesiastical exemption, albeit in 

Used engine oil 

From Dr John Drewe 
Sir. The widespread scepticism of 
motor manufacturers that 6.000 
miles is too short an interval 
between routine oil changes, 
which was mentioned in your 
report (August 9) of the possible 
health hazards of contact with 
used engine oil, is completely 

Firstly, the petroleum-based oils 
generally used in the United 
Kingdom have different prop- 
erties to tbe mineral oils which are 
used, for example, in Germany, 
There is evidence, from claims 
made under manufacturers’ war- 
ranty, that mechanical problems 
occurring when fabrication is by 
the petroleum oils are insignifi- 
cant when using mineral oils. 

Secondly, whatever the physical 
composition of the oiL it will 
experience a more rapid deteriora- 

Upstairs, downstairs 

From Mrs E. Donald 
Sir. There was concent at the 
Queen having to- climb 152 steps 
after a heart examination. I hope I 
may extend this concern to the 
lives of commoners. 

At Lancaster Gate underground 
station both lifts are shut down for 
renovation. A notice directing 
users to the stairs tells us the lifts 
will be dosed for two years. I 
counted 103 steps, half of them on 
a spiral staircase. 

Dragging up and down them 
daily are mothers and babies and 
small children and their gear: also 
the dderly, some of them no 
doubt with bad beans. What 
happens to the handicapped I 
have - no idea. Those who can't 
make it are blithely told to use 
another station. 

Nor is this just a residents’ 
station. It caters for thousands of 
people catching trains at Padding- 
ton or airbuses to Heathrow, and 
it serves a main tourist hold area. 
That means luggage, too. 

If a skyscraper can be built in 
two years, which I am told it can. 
what is the matter here? More to 
the point: what can be done about 

Yours faithfully. 


59 Lancaster Mews, Wi 

August 13. : 

lion with minimising any un- 
warranted intrusion of 
technology, so that the feelings 
and privacy of the mother can be 
respected, whilst ensuring maxi- 
mum safety for both mother and 

Clearly no large maternity unit 
can be run by a single obstetrician. 
Since this necessitates integrated 
24-hour team effort. The success 
of any teaching hospital depart- 
ment also depends on the relation- 
ship between staff providing the 
services 3 nd training requirements 
of junior doctors, medical stu- 
dents and pupil mid wives. In 
addition, the testing of accepted 
teaching must be undertaken by 
controlled clinical research. 

All these factors are critically 
inter-related and consequently 
must be based on genuine trust 
and confidence between the in- 
dividuals concerned. In our view, 
such concepts are essential in 
. maintaining a high standard of 
can: for the patients we serve. 
Yours etc. 





Department of Obstetrics and 

The London Hospiial. 
Whitechapel. El. 

is due to expensively printed and 
unsolicited mail, often personally 
addressed, all shining with mod- 
em skills of presentation, but 
seeking to sell stuff we could well 
do without or pushing confiden- 
tial schemes for making money 
without extra effort 
Maybe an increased percentage 
point or two of the GNP is 
achieved by this development of 
the service sector — this welter of 
paper and printing, this over- 
smart marketing, this use of clever 
new machinery for dressing up 
circulars as personal letters. This 
increase is helpful u> the Govern- 
ment propagandist but has it value 
for Britain's future? 

I am saddened to think that a 
figure showing success of the 
Royal Mafl might also be taken as 
an index of the non-essential, the 
temporary gloss, and another in- 
dication of the lurch of Britain's 
economy from the basic need of 
real wealth production. 

Faithfully yours, 


House of Lords. 

August 11. 

curtailed form, for churches in 
use. However, the feet that bodies 
like the Methodist Church have 
no system of internal control 
which is comparable with tbe 
faculty jurisdiction of the An- 
glicans makes our position 
increasingly difficult to justify. 

Several years ago theCBA wrote 
to the Methodist Division of 
Property, and the other main 
denominations, suggesting ways 
in which we might usefully em- 
ploy our specialist resources in 
advising on the use and upkeep of 
historically important chapels. 
Our proposals were acknowledged 
with courtesy, but to date not a 
single Methodist chapel has 
availed itself of our offer. 

Meanwhile, chapels continue to 
be closed. Mr Fennell tells us that 
the Methodists still have 8,000 
chapels. In 1932 they had 14,500. 
Yours faithfully. 

HENRY CLEERE, Director, 
Council for British Archaeology, 

1 12 Kenningum Road, SE1 1. 
August 7. 

tion in an engine operating under 
urban conditions: a progressive 
reduction in viscosity, occurring 
because of oil dilution, is com- 
bined with increased wear over a 
given mileage. A number of 
problems then occur because the 
majority of car owners ignore the 
recommendation (owners' man- 
uals) that oil should be changed 
more often during urban driving. 

Finally, h is inappropriate to 
dismiss any suggestion that con- 
tact with used engine oil may be a 
danger to health. It has long been 
good practice to avoid wearing 
clothing contaminated with cer- 
tain oils in both the UK and 
abroad, because of the increased 
risk of scrotal cancer. 

Yours faithfully, 
148 Willifield Way, 

Hampstead Garden Suburb. 

August 1 1. 

Fatherless families 

From the Chairman of Families 
Need Fathers 

Sir. Life experience and common 
sense tell us that, other things 
being equal, a child raised by two 
parents thrives better than one 
reared by only one. Why is it that 
the one-parent family lobby 
consistently seeks to dispute this? 

If the Director of the National 
Council for One Parent Families 
(August 12) refers to the Home 
Office report on the 1985 research 
study. Parental Supervision and 
Juvenile Delinquency, however, 
she will read “It is evident that 
boih boys and girls were more 
likely to be delinquent if they had 
delinquent friends, did not regard 
stealing as particularly wrong and 

Yellow peril 

From the Editor ofC\ i n ical Insight 
Sir. Mrs Brenda Anus’s letter 
(August 11) is a timely reminder 
not only to landowners but also to 
local authorities. The Weeds Art 
1959 is very specific in nominat- 
ing “five injurious weeds" and 
dies the spear thistle, creeping or 
field thistle, curled dock, broad- 
leaved dock, and ragwort 
Unfortunately, as any visit to 
the countryside shows, the Min- 
ister of Agriculture now appears to 
ignore the powers given him under 
the Act to take the necessary 

■ against apartheid 

i From Dr Brian Dollcry 

Sir. Economic sanctions against 
South Africa as an instrument for 
effecting political change can be 
questioned on both efficiency and 
equity grounds. Moreover. West- 
ern moral standards are not 
compatible with the notion that 
the sins of a few should be visited 
on the many. 

What is needed is a carefully 
considered policy which seeks to 
penalise those perpetuating apart- 
heid and reward those individuals 
and organisations who oppose 
apartheid — the so-called “rifle- 
shot" approach. 

It should not be beyond the 
capabilities of Western intelli- 
gence services to acquire the 
membership records of the 
governing National Party and 
other far-right political 
organisations such as the 
Brocderbond and the Conser- 
vative Party. 

People belonging to 
organisations of this kind could be 
refused visas, denied employment 
and contracts with multinationals 
operating in South Africa and 
elsewhere, until such time as they 
publicly and categorically re- 
nounce apartheid. 

Similarly, organisations which 
practise racial segregation by 
choice — like the universities of 
Poichefsiroom and Pretoria — 
should be appropriately penalised. 

On the other hand, those in- 
dividuals and organisations who 
actively express their opposition 
to apanheid should enjoy the 
moral and financial support of the 
Wen. Thus, bodies like the South 
African Communist Party and 
others who employ violence as a 
means toward the end of revolu- 
tionary socialism would not only 
forfeit Western assistance, but also 
subject themselves to the kinds of 
penalties outlined above. 

A policy designed along these 
lines would avoid the twin dilem- 
mas of collective punishment and 
economic destruction inherent in 
international sanctions. More- 
over. it would place the benefits of 
Western support where they be- 
long — in ihe hands of the broad 
majority of moderate South Af- 
ricans who seek a future free of 
racism and totalitarianism from 
the Left or Right. 

Youts faithfully, 


Rhodes University. 

Department of Economics and 
Economic History, 

PO Box 94. 

Grahamstown 6140. 

South Africa. 

August S. 

Parking tickets 

From Mr B. R- Drake 
Sir, The Greek method of dealing 
with parking offences Getter, Au- 
gust 8 ) has much to be admired. 
The .police there remove the 
registration plates, allowing the 
driver to drive his car to his home 
only. It is then up to the driver to 
call at the police station to pay his 
fine and reclaim his plates before 
he can drive the car again. 

With this method the admin- 
istrative cost of collecting fines 
would be vastly reduced and 
would place the burden of fine 
settlement firmly with the of- 
fender. The manufacture of 
registration plates would need to 
be rigidly controlled, as in Greece. 
Yours feithfiilly, 

Flat I, 

3 Belgrave Road, 

Margate. Kent. 

August 9. 

Customer power 

From the Director of the 
Consumers' Association 

Sr, The TUCs suggestion of high 
street shops in which “distressed 
or dissatisfied" customers might 
seek redress (report. August 1 1) is 
scarcely new. My association pio- 
neered the idea of high street 
consumer advice centres 15 years 
ago and saw them develop 
throughout the UK until in 1980, 
with more than 130 such centres 
operating, the withdrawal of Gov- 
ernment money curtailed and 
eventually led to the cut-back of 
this activity. 

Yours faithfully, 

Consumers* Association. 

14 Buckingham Street, WC2. . 

were not very dose to their 


What constitutes “evidence" is 
notoriously difficult to substan- 
tiate as the smokers' lobby was 
quick to realise. 

Those of us who have experi- 
enced the impaa a caring father 
can have on one's life, even with 
the support of a loving mother, 
will be in no doubt about the vital 
role a father can play. Thai is in no 
way to denigrate the dedication of 
so many lone parents, who. for 
whatever reason are left to cope 

Yours truly. 

TREVOR BERRY. Chairman. 
Families Need Fathers, 

BM Families. 

London WC1N3XX. 

action for control and prevention 
of these noxious weeds. 

As the Act specifically defines 
that he may delegare his powers to 
the council of 3 county or county 
borough, this is where the real seat 
of action lies, not only for im- 
plementation but also to tackle 
road verges. 

Yours truly. 

BRUCE V. JONES. Editor. 

Clinical Insight, 

Down Ampney House. 

Down Ampney. 

Cirencester. Gloucestershire. 

August 11 


AUGUST 18 1920 

A correspondent '* rrfleciitins 
during the Russn- Polish campaign 
nf 1920 which resulted in the 
tH'enthplm ing d> -feat nf the tfwpirf 
Army u hen ir had advanc'd 
almost pi « ithin sight »>/ Warsaw 1 . 


(Fmm A Correspondent). 

The Russian is utterly unlike the 

Englishman; a few examples will 

show how completely his 3Ltiiude 
of mind differs fmm ours. A 
Russian peasant wants to go by 
train: he walks to the nearest 
station, and wrapping himself in 
his sheepskin coat he sits down and 
waits for the train to come; on 
hour, six hours, a couple iff days, a 

week: it is all the same to him so 
king as be can get hnt tea several 
times a day. 

There was a Russian soldier 
named Michael whom I knew very 
well; he had fought against the 
Germans; the Bolshevist power 
arose, and being taken over by 
them he became a "Red": the 
Ukraniaofi captured him and he 
became one of Petlura's army: from 
there he somehow dritted to the 
“Greens." and was a freebooter 
with his hand against every man: 
he was next taken prisoner by the 
Volunteer Army, and joined it as a 
"White"; by the Volunteers he was 
lent to tbe British Mission, and 
served them well. His needs were 
simple: first and foremost a master 
to tell him what to do: then clothes 
and food; and he was satisfied. 
Given a good officer he wiuild fight 
bravely on any side with the very- 
vaguest ideas as to what he was 
fighting for. 

Literally hundreds of Russians 
of every class have snid to me 
during the last years. “Russia 
cannot right herself: we must have 
outside help"— and this is true, for 
Russians as a whole have reached 
such depths of despair and misery’ 
that they have almost given up 
struggling. They want the British 
to come, for they say the British 
rule without giving offence to the 
ruled, whereas the Germans are 
insulting and bullying, hut that if 
the British will nut help, they must 
call in the Germans, for better 
German help than no help at alL 


Reports from Russia speak of 
Bolshevist “armies." “divisions," 
“regiments," and “battalions." To 
the British public this conjures up 
a vision of columns of Red troops 
with transport and guns, each 
soldier equipped and armed, and 
marching joyously forward to bat- 
tle for his cause. Just as the 
Bolshevist theories of government 
are by no means all bad on paper, 
so are their armies well organized - 
on paper _ 

AD this is done from Moscow — 
on paper. In reality, these armies 
are nothing more than an armed 
rabble, kept at the front against its 
will by a small minority, who bully 
the docile majority into submis- 
sion. Ninety-five per cent, of the 
so-called officers at the front are 
useless — for the Jews, who are the 
driving force of the Bolshevist 
movement, rarely cume up to the 
front line, although each regiment 
has a commissar attached to it. 
The men are armed with every 
imaginable sort of shooting instru- 
ment — Russian, English. German. 
Austrian, French and Japanese 
rifles — all filthy diny and coated 


Uniform consists of a mans own 
rags, and whatever he can lout or 
steal from prisoners or the dead. 
When following up a Bolshevist 
retirement their dead are usually 
half naked, having been stripped of 
all their clothing by their com- 
rades. On one occasion when the 
Bolshevists were retreating under 
heavy fire 1 found a dead man with 
his trousers and boats gone: they 
had been taken under machine 
gunfire by some comrade who must 
have had considerable need of the 
garments; another time I found a 
young Russian cavalry officer who 
had ventured too far ahead of a 
cavalry attack: some retiring Bol- 
shevist horseman had found time 
to leap from his horse, strip off the 
officer's boots and trousers, and 
poke out his eyes ... 

During the last six months there 
has been a noticeable improvement 
in the Bolshevist forces, as they are 
gradually dropping their Socialist 
ideas of running the army and are 
going back to the old military 
methods. Now Bolshevist officers 
have their servants, and soldiers 
have to salute or stand to attention 
while speaking to an officer or 
Commissar _ 

Awful warning 

From MrJ. A. Meredith 
Sir. We hear these days of sub- 
stances being toxic. Drugs such as 
heroin and cocaine we know are 
addictive. Should we not go back 
to the good old word poison? If 
you swallow enough you will be 
dead, and that is the eno of it 
Yours faithfully. 


Plough Studio. 

2 Plough Lane. 



August 7. 

Oiling the wheels 

Front Dr Brian Davy 
Sir, Mr Robert Vincent (August 
1 3) should be thankful that only a 
gallon of whisky was expended at 
the Clydebank launching of the oil 
rig. For such an occasion a barrel 
would seem to be the appropriate 
unit of fluid measurement. 

Yours feithfiilly, 


12 Millington Road. 


August 13. 



Clifford Longley 

\ 21T '* 




Church broods on Durham 

I3ELi:- * LT d* 



August 16: The Queen dis- 
embarked from HM Yacht 
Britannia at Aberdeen this 

Having been received by Mr 
Henry Rae (Lord Provost of 
Aberdeen) arid the Chairman, 
Aberdeen Harbour Board (Mr J 
W Cradoek) Her Majesty toured 
Aberdeen Harbour in the tug 
Sea Trojan (Skipper, Mr P 

Afterwards The Queen visited 
the Roundhouse wbere Her 
Majesty unveiled a plaque to 
commemorate the 850th 
Anniversary of the Harbour. 

The Earl of Caiihness (Par- 
liamentary Under-Secretary of 
Slate for Transport and Min- 
isier-in-Attendance), the Hon 
Mary Morrison. Mr Kenneth 
Scott. Rear-Admiral John 
Gamier and Major Hugh Lind- 
say were in attendance. 

Her Majesty subsequently 
drove to Balmoral Castle. 

The Prince of Wales. Duke of 
Rothesay, The Duke and Duch- 

ess of York, Earl and Countess 
of Inverness, and The Prince 
Edward also disembarked. 

The Prince Edward, Chair- 
man of The Duke of 
Edinburgh's Award 30th 
Anniversary Tribute Project, 
today attended a Clay Pigeon 
Shoot at Glamis Castle. 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 

August 17: Ovine Service was 
held in Crathie Parish Church 
this morning. The Reverend 
Keith Angus preached the 

The Prince Edward. Chair- 
man of The Duke of 
Edinburgh's Award 30th 
Anniversary Tribute Project, 
this morning met participants in 
the 30th Anniversary Walk at 
the Spinal of Glen Muick. 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 
August 16: The Duke of Edin- 
burgh, President of the World 
FE1 Four-in-Hand Driving 
Championships, this evening 
attended a Gala at Blazers j 
Theatre Restaurant. Windsor In 
aid of the Championships. 

Mr Brian McGrath was in ! 

Forthcoming marriages 

The dramatic high-point of the Church of 
England's year so far was die passionate 
speech to the General Synod in July by the 
Bishop of Durham, the Rt Rer. Da rid 
Jenkins, in deface of his doctrinal opinions. 
Since then that pordailar controversy has gone 
suddenly rather quiet; and the quietest are 
those who were previously defe nd i n g the 
bishop. It is a significant silence. He seems to 
have lost some allies. 

If this b the case, the reason most be that he 
overstated his case so strongly that many who 
'tboagfat they were with with him now realize 
they are not. The Bishop ofDnriuun, it begins 
to appear, is not really a typical liberal 
theologian at all bnt a “one-ofT, with opinions 
all his own. 

The straggle between him and his critics will 
inevitably go on, hat it ceases to he a collision 
between conventional liberals aid conserva- 
tives, as it has bees billed so far. The Church of 
i England thought it had solved that one, by 
means of the statement from die House of 
Bishops. It laid down the conservative position 
as die Chnrdi of England’s official belief; and 
thea licensed the liberals who want to question 
bits of it, on the grands that it is not the Angli- 
can way to stifle genuine scholarship. 

Bnt the Bishop of Durham's address to the 
synod repudiated the whole of the statement, 
notwithstanding that he was supposed to be a 
signatory. He appeared to be saying drat die 
great majority of the bishops - perhaps all of 
them apart firmn himself - were not Christians 
at alL So the response since then can only be 
called an embarrassed one, the start of tone the 
local vicar might adopt on bring co n fro n ted 
with the parish crank. And they had best over 
backwards to make room for what they thought 
were hisopiniora. 

would have to repudiate the conservative 
position as anti-Christian and evil, not just 
intellectually weak in the light of the evidence. 

Mr M.C. Cordy 
, and Miss HA Doggett 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael Charles, son of 
Mr and Mrs R-M. Cordy. of 
Surrey, and Cyprus, and Rose- 
mary Anne, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs H.G Doggetx. of Spain, 
and Sussex. 

Mr RJD.C. Currie 
and Miss J-M. YValkden 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert Donald Camp- 
bell. only son of Dr and Mrs R. 
D. Currie, of Crewe, Cheshire, 
and Joanna Madeleine, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J. A. D. 
Walkden. of Preston-on-the- 
HilL, Cheshire. 

Mr F.C. Dibdcfl 
and Miss SJi. Thomas 
The engagement is announced 
from Hong Kong between Fra- 
ser, elder son of Mr and Mrs P. 
Dibden, of Reigate. Surrey, 
(formerly of Singapore) and 
Susan, second daughter of Dr 
and Mrs R-M. Thomas, of 
Columbia. Missouri. United 

Mr SJf. Gratton 
and Miss J JL Wood 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs J. R. Gratton, of 
Harrow, Middlesex, and Julia, 
younger daughter ofMr and Mrs 
A. J. Wood, of Clarkston, 


Mr T-M. Lyons 
and Miss J.G. Payton 
The engagement is announced 
between Terence Matthew, son 
of Mr Dennis John Lyons, CB, 
and Mrs Lyons, of Fleet, Hamp- 
shire, and Jane Geraldine, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Roger 
Payton, of Essendon, 

Mr SJL Mason, RA. 
and Miss NJVL Blanche 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, son of Mr and 
Mis E. L Mason, of Cwmafen, 
Port Talbot, and Nicola, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs J. J. Blanche, 
of Pollocksbields, Glasgow. 

Dr N.W.G. Taylor 
and Mis LX. RendeD 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel Taylor and 
Lynette Renddl, of Bristol 

Mr EX Peters 
and Miss PJ. Stockiey 
The engagement is announced 
between Edward, youngest son 
of Mr and Mrs David Peters, of 
Twyford, Hampshire, and Phi- 
lippa, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs James Stockiey, of 
Petersfield. Hampshire. 

Mr SJ. Riggs 
and Miss NUL Hatton 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon Jonathan, elder 
son of Mr and Mrs Michael 
Riggs, of Fenn House, 
Newbourne, Suffolk, and Nicola 
Jane, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Jeremy Hutton, of Stagden 
Cross House, High Easter, 

The Bishop of Durham’s theological posi- 
tion, as he toM it to the synod, amounts to this: 
there could not have been any miraculous 
factor (any superaatml intervention overrid- 
ing natmal order) in the conception of Jesns 
nor in His Resurrection, became the God of 
Christianity would never de such frogs. The 
concept ofa God held by those who put faith in 
such “divine laser beam" miracles is either a 
“cubic idol" or “the very devil” (in whom, 
unlike most liberals, the Bishop of Dmham 
seems to believe). 

Mr &E.T. Synge 

and Miss M.F. Macdonald 
The forthcoming marriage is 
announced, and will take place 
on September IS, between Ed- 
ward Synge, of London, SW3, 
and Moira Macdonald, of 
Ancnun, Roxburghshire. A 
reception will be held in Loudon 
later in the year. 

For such a God would be guilty, by inaction, 
of allowing Auschwitz and pennittiBg Hiroshi- 
ma, when he could have intervened to stop 
them. God did not intervene; therefore He was 
not able to: He is not that start of God. 

So even liberals who are sceptical about 
miracles in the Bible, on the grounds that toe 
historical and literary evidence is doubtful, 
could well still be idol worshippers or devil 
worshippers. To escape such a charge, they 

■ One school of theology defines the problem 
differently by taming to the idea of God as an 
action rather than a thing, a verb rather than a 
noun, and finds His presence in the straggle for 
human liberation, which therefore takes on a 
mystical as well as a political aspect, They 
concentrate on God's “immanence”, down- 
grading; his “transcendence”. 

What the Bishop of Durham has done is to 
take this novel and interesting perspec tiv e and 
make it the exclusive truth, by means of which 
he would have none call themselves Christians 
who do not adopt it too. But it is at besta tenta- 
tive tori, not to be pnshed too fost or too for, for 
exploring difficult theological frontiers. Such 
speculations are ill-suited as knock-down 
arguments against standard orthodoxy, espe- 
cially when they are pushed to toe point of «- 
dmetio ad absardum. It is now dear, more than 
a month after the bishop's speech to toe synod, 
that toe Church of England Is not amused. 


University News 

Latest appointments include: 


Captaia TAE. Clarke 
and Miss JJHL Campbell 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at the Grosvenor Cha- 
pel London. Wl, of Captain 
Timotby Clarke, The 
Gloucestershire Regiment, son 
of Major and Mrs A.RL 
Clarice, and Miss Jean Camp- 
bell daughter of Mr and Mrs 
J.D. CampbelL The Rev Ian 
Thomson officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her Either, was 
attended by Catherine Dixon. 
Captain Guy Hony was best 

A reception was held at the 
Array and Navy Gub and the 
honeymoon is being spent 

Mr CyrD Unwin and Sir Robert 
Guyton as pan-time members 
of the Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission for a further three 
years from August 15, 1986. 


The following promotions are 



Mr Keith Carmichael to be a 
part-time member of the 

Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission for a further three 

Commission for a further three 
years from September 1, 1986. 

Mr Nicholas Covington to be 
Director of the Office of Man- 
power Economics from Septem- 
ber 1, 1986, in succession to Mr 
Ronald Williams, who is 

Theoretical Physics: Dr R M 
Bowley. lecturer in the depart- 
ment of physics; Structural En- 
gineering: Dr G Davies, senior 
lecturer in the department of 
civil engineering; Mechanical 
Engineering: Dr Nessim Hay, 
senior lecturer in the depart- 
ment of mechanical engineer- 

ing; Lactational Physiology: Dr 
T B Mepham, senior lecturer in 

Birthdays today 

Mr AJ. Houston 
and Miss V. Patrick 
The marriage took place on 
August 16. at Christ Church, 
East Sheen, between Mr Adrian 
Houstoun, elder son of Mr and 
Mrs James Houstoun. and Miss 
Virginia Patrick, daughter of the 
late Mr and Mrs Nigel Patrick. 

Professor R. M. Acheson, 65; 
Mr Brian Akliss, 61; Dame 
Josephine Barnes, 74; Professor 
Noel Coulson, 58; Mr Godfrey 
Evans, 66; Lord Grantchester, 

T B Mepham, senior lecturer in 
animal physiology, in the 
department of physiology and 
environmental studies; Food 
Rheology: Dr J R Mitchell, 
lecturer in food physics m the 
department of applied bio- 
chemistry and food science; 

English Literature: Dr G -A E 
Parfi tt, lecturer in the depart- 
ment of' English studies; 
Pharmacology: Dr D R 
Tomlinson, senior lecturer in 
the department of physiology 
and pharmacology. 

Professor J J Turner of the 
department of chemistry has 
been appointed a Pro-Vice- 

Professor J N Hawthorne of the 

compleied his teri^of^ffice, 
retiring as the senior Pro- Vice- 

Dr Julia E King of the depart- 
ment of metallurgy and materi- 
als science, to the new British 
Gasj/Fellowship of Engineering 
Senior Research Fellowship 
from September 1. 

QC, 65; Lord Kaberry of Adel, 
79; Sir John Mason, 63; Mrs V. 
L. Pandit, 86; Sir David 
Pitblado, 74; Mr Robert 
Redford, 49; Mr Willie 
Rush ton, 49; Mr Patrick 
Shovel ion. 67; Professor J. S. G. 
Wilson, 70; Miss Shelley Win- 
ters, 64. 

g £ . £ 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and hi Memoriam 

£4 a Hm + 15* VAT 

(minimum 3 lines) 

Announcements, authenticated by the 
name and permanent address of the 
sender, may he rem ux 

TOWCS - On 20th June, In Abu Dhabi, 
to judtUi into Hus wicks) Bid 
Howard, a son. Joshua Lawrence, 
brother IO Beniamin and Zaduuy. 

WOOD - On 13th August 1986 in Van- 
couver B.C. to Katherine (nte 
Brooke) and Gary, a dsughtn 
Khuberty Clara, a s«*r tor Kelly. 

P0 BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 9XS 


Announcements can be received 
telephone between 9-Oftm? : 
5.30pm Monday w Friday, on Sa 
day between 9.00am and 12 iibv... 
Af-411 MS arty). For poblkuion the 
following day by IJOpm. 

cic on Coon and Social Pane to a Km 
♦ 15% VAT. 

Court and Social Page annoocemems 

can not be acccptr d by tel ep hone. 
Enquiries kx IMS 9953 

Enquiries kx 61-S22 9953 
(after lOJdunl. Or Send hk 

1 r— WUi firm*. London 

Please allow ai (an 48 hours before 

DanhUr. Uiy lain ham made om 
whole «o m peace, and ee whole oT lhy 

St Mark S: 34 


■RAYFORD -On 4th August, to Carte 
and Tony, a son. James Anthony 
Loxley. a brother (or Ben and Sara. 
■ROOKS - On August 14th. ta Mom- 
pWs, Tennessee to Jane ut£e 
Brunlon) and Bavin, a son. Smart 

COAfi - On Aufiisl 110). to Vivienne 
and Jonathan, a daughter. FeUdty. 
aster for Jennifer. 

DRAKE ■ On 14th August at the West- 
minster to Henrietta and William. a 

FFOROE - On 14th August 1986 to 
william and Niki, a son. Arthur 
Nicholas Brownlow. 

HARMSON On August 14th. at Queen 
Mary’s. Roehatnplon. to Jane Crrfe 
ConnetJ) and David, a non. WUMam , 
David, a bro t her for Elizabeth. 
HAV6KTON - On August 14th at the 
Westminster Hospital, to Tessa and 
MtcnaeL a son. Thomas Patrick. 
LEONARD - On August the i ith. at a 
Richards Hospital. Chkhester. To 
Mary (nee Lake) and Guy. a am Gfles 
Alfred Canning. 

MEZfiER - On lSth August to Judith 
(nee ArUaster) and Theo. a daugh- 
ter. Katharine. 

XABARRO - On 14th August. In Liver- 
pool. to Drs Susanna Graham-Janes 
and David Naharro. another son. 
Oliver Mark. 

PAYNE on 13th August, to Nicholas 
and Unda <n*e Adamson)- a non. 
Ralph John Anthony. 

PERKINS - On 14th August 1996. at 
Queen Charlotte 1 * HoaxtaL 10 Oefta. 
wife of Maior General Ken Perkins, a 

■ANDYS - See Perkins. 

SDGWKK - On lath August 1986. al 
Kings Lynn to Eleanor (nee Ferrari 
and David a son, James Fcmr. 

ALFORD - On Wednesday. August 
15th. in Oslo. Colonel Jonathan 
Alford. Deputy Director of The 
international institute for strategic 
Studies, sadly miswd by aB staff and 
members of the institute. 

ALFORD - On Wednesday. August , 
l5Ui. In Oslo. Colonel Jonathan 
Alford, most dearly beloved and I 
lovtag husband of Winifred, father of 
Jane. MlchaeL MeUssa and Victoria. | 
! BROWN - On August 14th. suddenly 
and peacefully at home. Dorothy 
I Katherine, beloved wife of Stephen 
Brown or F es sw nore. Cre ma tion 
I (family only) Oxford 1 1 am. Thors- 
! day. August 21SL Memorial Sorrier 
St Barnabas. P nnmwcc . 3 pm Au- 
gust 2131. Flowers to Camp Hopson 
& Co Ltd. Newbury. BERKS. 

CHABWT CK rBEAi n r - On August 
14th. 1986. Str Charles Arthur 
Chadwycfc-Heaicy. Bart- O.B-E- 
peacefblly at the Red Horae. Clare. 
Sudbury. Suffolk. Manorial Service 
to be arranged- 

CHANCELIjOR - On August 15. 1986. 
peacefully in hospital afier a king dis- 
ability- Ll Oomdr Robert WJL 
Chancellor R M.VJU D&C and Bar 
aged 77 of Datchet and formerly 
Staines. Cremation al East Hamp- 
stead Park Crematorium. Bracknell 
on Friday. 22nd August at 250 mn. 
No flowers by re qu e s t. Donations If 

desired to lnteniaitanai Fund far An- 
imal welfare. 

DRUtFF - On August 14th 1986 at nw 
Kent and Canterbury Hospital Rosa 
Shoshannah udt Ra p pa p o n j widow 
or Phitop Derek j ew e l Ondff and 
mother of Naomi. Jessica. Harry and 

F RA N CIS -On August 15th. peacefully 
at home. Edith Mary CJtlO. mother of 
Judy and Safly. Funeral private. Me- 
morial Sendee taler. 

LAVRNI - On 13Db August 1966 at 
Charing Cross HospkaL Professor 
janko Matthew, aged 99 years. Hus- 
band of the late Nora and father of 
DavM and John. Funeral Sendee at 
Putney Vdc Crematorium on Fri- 
day. 22nd August at 1 Pm. No 
llowers. but donations if desired, to 
friends of Charing Cross HospitaL 
mraiw * on lith August. <mec- 
pecMly and peacefully, near Ms 
home to Spain. Roe. OfOcfcr De La 
L&on DTtonneur. 81. Adored bus- 
band of Cbnsuelo. Indy exceptional 
father of Axme-Mar(e and Jesn- 
PIuil. rnucb loved fatho’-in-law of 
Franchise, so much loved grand- 
father of PhBtppe. Bruno. 
Alexandra. Fahriee and MahauL and 
with so many dear Mends in Europe. 
Japan and the USA. Famfiy Funer- 
al Service at Fontafableau on 18th 

* T 

... • „ v> 

- • 'V -/ % 

vffav r-. ,v 

R£ALL» On August 14 in winchester I 
after 6 months of failing henmv ; 
Mary, devoted sbter of MlchaeL and 
greatly loved Aunt of Margwet. Jbn. ; 
Cathie. David. Ann. and Paul- I 
Funeral service in winchester 
C hUi edraL on Thursday August 21 at 
2 pm. Family Dowers only please. 
Donations if desired to Frtenos of 
Norwich or Winchester Cathedrals, 
or British Red Cross. 

HOP on 13Ui August 1986. eve or 
her 96th birthday after 4 years of 
slow decline, valiantly endured. 
Dorothy Myra Kemp of 24 Storeys 
way. Cambridge, widow of Oca H. 
Kemp. Town Clerk of C am bridge 
192s to '49 and Mother of Maws 
(killed 19441 and of Joyce CZ7 
Petnbridge Square. London W2>. 
Service al SI Giles' Cemettry ChapeL 
Huntingdon Road. Cambridge on 
Wednesday. August ZOth at 2 pm. 
Cut flowers only to Harry WUtiams 
A Sons. 7 Victoria Path. Cambridge. 

If desired, donations towards a spe- 
cial gin for Edward House. Albion 
Row. Cambridge 

KNOLL - On August l.'tii. pncefuBy 
at home. Hermann, aged 86. of 
Sheen Lane. SWia, Funeral Service 
win take place at MorfiBdte 
Crematorium, on Thursday. 21st 
August, at n.30am. 

RAN8ECR0FT - On the 13th August 
1986 at the Alexandra Unft of Dam- 1 
fries & Gatioway Royal infirmary * 
or 41 ou Farm Court. Cotinion 
Road. Edinburgh. Jean (Margaret 
Jane More). Loved and tovtog wife of 
the late WtUiara R. RangecrofL moth- 
er of Doric W. Rangaaroft. 1 
Drumnoch. KtoptonL Kirkcudbright- 
shire. Funeral Sendee to CoUntao 
Parish Church. Edinburgh on Thurs- 
day. 21st August at 1 1 -30 am. To 
which al friends are respect f ully in- 
vited to attend. Cremation thereafter 
private. DonaOom to her memory to 
Society of Cancer Rritef. c/o The 
Royal Bank of Scotland. Dalbeattie. 

JH I HR. I GUes Yorick Lancelot on 
Augtra urn. traglcaBy at Htgher 
Hoibrook. Wincanton. GOes. son of 
Sue and John SmytMes. Creroalfoti 
private. Memorial softot to be 
ann ounced. 

STORE, on Thursday August 
ldotsuddenly but peacefully at 
Royal Br am pt o n NaqteL London. 
Edward Reginald Stone (Reggie) of 
Knockbreck. Thin. Dearly loved 
husband or Susannah and father of 
James and Ruaratti. Funeral 
service in BL Andrew's Church. 
Tain. On Tuesday 19th A Writ at 2- 
00 pm. Thereafter to St Duthtts 
Ce metery 

THICKEST - On August 14th. praoe- 
ruuyaiSLCathertne's Hospice; Joan, 
deariy Uved wife of Hilary and 
mother nr PaoL Rktanl and 
Andrew. Funeral Service at 
Wood vale Crematorium. Brig ht on, 
on Thmday. August 2lsLat 
12.30pm. No flowera. bid donations, 
if desired, may be sent to Si 
Catherine's Hospice. Crawley. 

Dr Ro6in Woottoo, senior 
lecturer in bMogkal sciences 
at Exeter Unrvmity, who has 
received £30^00 from toe 
Saence and Engineering Re- 
search Comal to investigate 
toe structure and bioebemks 
of insect wings. 

He wifl use the grant to 
stndy wing form and flight 
behaviour in butterflies, and 
the research could have prac- 
tical implications for the de- 
sign of sails, hai^g gliders, 
wind surfing equipment and 
mkrolight aircraft. 

Church news 

nmscorobe Team Minister, diocese 

The Rev S Coffin, forrarty Curate. 
Uskeard. d to ceac Truro, before going 
overseas with toe Chtreb Mi&stouary 
Society: to be Vicar. St Germans w 
TUefonl and HcMeftford. diocese 

The Rev J Cortnm. Aaatstnnt PrtesL 
Si Joseph IN Www, NortwlL 
dioc e s e London: to be Urban Minton 
priest wfthln the LongNti Estate area 
of the parish of Sutton St MKhari and 

The Rev A B Grundy . Team Rector.' 
Much Wenkxk Team Mimstry. di- 
ocese Hereford: to be also Assistant 
Rural Dean of Condover. same 

‘“tS? - R ev J K Hayward. Vicar. 
Springfield. Holy Trinity, diocese 
Chelmsford: to be aim Assistant Rural 

Green. Sf James and St Christopher, 
diocese Shefflettf: to be Prieet-ln- 

The Rev Conan T H Jams. Rector. . 
the umstes, dtocose Ldctwr u> be 
ArchOeacoa of LouWtbaraugb. same 

The Rev T O MendeL Chaplain and 
Fellow or Downing OoQrge Cam- 
bridge lo be Vicar. Holy Trinity. 
Minsteriey. and St Maty. Habbe rt ey. 


Champion trainer and master of the turf 

The Bishop of Durhxm has taken to 
extremes the sincere appeal of post-war 
O irfctfr" theologians on the Continent, partic- 
nhriy Gennaoy, that it is no longer possible 
“to do theology with one's hack to Auschwitz". 
But their writings are foil of fear aad trembling 
as they contemplate the awfrdness of what 
happeaed there, and they would surely count it 
irreverent to use Aus chwit z to score a point 

about something else. 

They have re-examined toe theological 
“problem of evil” in the fight of it, as well as 
delving into toe Christian origins of anti- 
Semitism m a radical way. But they have 
shown no great interest in cfcaDeugjng toe 
Virgin Birth and Empty Tomb in the name of 
post-Hofocaust integrity, however. Perhaps it 
is not dear to this Co ntinenta l school that 
Auschwitz aad EGroshnoai raise philosophical 
problems of evil that were not already around: 
why, for instance, God did not intervene with 
“laser-beam miracles" (to use the bishop's 
expression) to prevent the Battle of the 
Somme, die Blade Death, toe pers e c uti on of 
die early Christians, or Indeed the Oudfixlon 

The so-called problem (or paradox) of evil Is 
♦hat evil exists and jot God does not intervene 
to prevent it Either He cannot be absotately 
powerful (He would intervene if He coaid, hot 
cannot); or He cannot be absolutely good (He 

answers vary from the clinical (<*od allows 
men's free will, even if toe result is evil) to dm 
mystical (the re dempti v e power Of s uffering 
through union with Christ on the Cross) and 
even die atheistir (_ therefore God does not 

All AAOSfc with.. St 
Scotland. Eajl 

Scotland. East Hi 
Tbc Rev Ctatod 


Bence. Hector. 

MtimuuL c MBler _ 
Bcstenlwm w Hous-under^Xnnior*. 

Felton, and Pnsup Wynne, and 

T1BC CS - On Anguff 140. tn CWcftes- 
ter. Afisa. mucb loved wire of 
Rlctard. morner of Ettfabtfa and sis- 
ter of Emma (Bay). Funeral Service 
at Ctucneatcr Cramatorium. on 
Wednesday. 20 m August ai2JOpm. 
Family nowetv only please. 


Derby CatiwdraJ. dtocrac Derby; to be 
Canon Emerttmon Ms retiment on 

A ttM > I MV Canon B S W Crockett. 
Vicar. MickJeover and Honorary 
Canon of Derby Cadtcurai. dtoerae 
Derby; lo be Canon Emeritus an Ms 
roUrement on September 30. 1906- 
The Rev B J . Dalton. 
Ringwood. aiocw Wmuw«r » be 
Rector. Norton sub Hamdon w W«t 
Chin nock. CtiMbOTOMb and MddH 

etimt. St Amteew ms Less, diocese 
E ly: to os vicar, same 

d Witov H J Dobbin. Vi rar. St 
CuthbcrVa. Hettbum, dioaae Dtunonu 
10 be Rector. Bariborougb. dtocoe 
Derby. ^ •_ 

The Rev M J Fox. Vfoar. Chslnis- 
All Saiids. and Pnat-UKnarge. 

ery. utocese Hereford: 10 be also 
Domestic Chaplain to llie BUtop of 
Hereford, same dioctoe- 

Tne Rev n J Ross. Rector. Newbotd 
and Rural. Dean of ChexerfteM. 
dtoeese Derby: to be also an Honorary 
Canon of Demy CMtedraL same 
di o cese . 

.The Rev D H F Stiffens vicar. St 
Mchuri and Afl Angeb. BladiheaDi 
Park, diocese Soutnwaric to be ako 
wbpean of Green wteh- same dtooese. 
TrgTtev e o wnuame. c wrote 
(NSM). El rum w Denton and 
Wootton. diocese to be 

Rector. Bantam w Wtatop t b ouroo ana 
KUtoson. same diocese. 

The Rev K Wray. Army Chaplain: 
to be ‘.Vicar, si Paul. Scuicnates w 
Striae enuren and a Sdas. diocese 

rd AU Saints, 
hclmsford. 1 
OieOnsford: to be 

Oieimsford. nine 

The Rev I Gaskefl. — 

itaMafn. dfoewe Sheffield: lo be 
tear. Cteckh^wn St Lake and 

Whitechapel, diocese Wakefield. 

The Rev A E Cecrioo. VK ar. PBW 
arid Ron or. Asftfom. and mest-ui- 
charge- strirwcd w Loschora. dioeeee 
Exrim to be- Rsrtor. Oeoiion and 
Shotmiatce w St Boniface. Knowie, 
Hoty Trinity. Veotord. and St Luke. 


BuckneU: w Bucidon: St Mary. 
Uanlaa-walertltner fa MlchaeL Slows, 
moose Neretarti: to be Rector. St 
Andrew. Prestevjtiv.r; St M Mnw . 
Dtscaeot AU same, tonsham: Sr 
Mkhad and AU A ngsts. Ungsn. same 

The Rev DrO WOPOdwm 
OviDolon w.suttoa on Dei 
as GoutrigwUh. dtooese Vorks 


HOI I ISOS . a Memorial Sendee win 
be held at SI. Pa id's Church. Coves 
Carden. Loudon. WC2. on Wedneg- 1 
day. I0thSeplemlMr.Ml2Boon.fbr , 
CUfiord Moibson. MJ£. Actor. : 
who rued on 4th June 1986. 


RragaMIO a» and rttiremenis . 
The Rev Canon D M Knight. Team 
Rector. Bt FOUL Harlow New Town. 
W St Mary. Line Pontoon. «bo ««* 
to retire on October 31 . 

be_ aspoitrted Canon 
OMbroford CaOMdraL 
Other appOKKRKMs 
Mr w p aemmey to be Senar 
Dtocenn Voam omcer. d o rr y York. 

Mr CD OocfcMtow to be USPO Area 
SrcTTOry. dioceses Bath and Went. 

Sanderson. Deaoooesa. 

AUtsrtey. Cfoventry. end Coventry 
Diocesan Adviser for women's Min 

ritry: 10 be Dcacorcosto-chargc. In the 
Warwick Team Mintstry wnh sseesi 

resDonstuiiu for woodtoes Para. 
Warwick. She eortttnues as covantry 
Diocesan Adviser for Women's Min- 

.Mr ’J P Soden to be me first 
Honorary Lay Canon of Coventry 
CUbedraL diocese Coventry - 

Captain H. Ryan Price, MC, 
one of the most colourful and 
successful racehorse trainers, 
died on August 16, his 74ih 
birthday, after a prolonged 

Henry Ryan Price was Sus- 
sex-born and bred, one of 
right children of George and 
Catherine Price in the village 
of Wisbo rough Green. Sur- 
rounded by horses - his father 
was an outstanding horseman 
- Price became a brilliant 
point-to-point rider at an early 

Too heavy to become a 
professional jockey, he turned 
to training horses The war 
intervened, however, and he 
joined 6th Commandos (N. 
Staffs) and saw distinguished 
service at the Normandy land- 
ings. He ended the war on the 
shores of the. Baltic and was 
awarded the Mfihaiy Cross. 

After demobilisation. Price 
got together a small string of 
jumpers and tried a gain . After 
a slow start, he moved to 
La vant in Sussex from where a 
steady stream of winners 
brought "the captain”, as he 
was affectionately known, into 
the public eye. From that 
moment, he saw to it that he 
was rarely out of it 

An important member of 
the team was Price’s wife, 

I Dorothy, whom he bad met in 
1 1946 and married in the space 
I of four days. Throughout his 
tempesttious life, Dorothy was 
a calming influence who also 
took an active role at Lavant 
as work rider, secretary, cook 
and box-driver: 

Price later bought Downs 
House and the stables at 
Frndon from where Bob Gore 
bad sent out two Grand 
National winners. It was not 
long before there was a third, 

He was an accurate judge of 
people as well as horses, and in 
1949 he hired the young Fred 
Winter as stable jockey. The 
years between 1951 and 1961 

were the golden days of 
Fmdon and aw Price and 

inquiries lasting six months - 
during which time Price's 
loyal owners gave their un- 
stinting support and his em- 
ployees worked without 
payment - the stewards exon- 
erated him. 

He now turned his attention 
to training exclusively for the 
flat In a sudden decision, he 
sold Downs House and the 
surrounding stables to Jodi 
Gifford and moved to a new 
house on Soldiers Field de- 
signed largely by Dorothy. 
Any doubts that he would not 
be successful were dispelled m 
the opening week s of the 1970 
flat race season when, with his 
customary flair for showman- 
ship, he saddled the winner of 
the first two-year-old race ran 
in the south with his very first 

In the coming years, Price 

Winter together win most of proved that be was equafly 
the important National Hunt adeyrt at producing horses to 

Kv linn tin* rnKtlRAHl flat fflCCS 

races. Winter was champion 
National Hunt hockey on four 
occasions and his successor. 
Josh Gifford, also won four 
championships. Price himself 
was leading trainer four times, 
but then the flow of winners 
dried up. 

Price was disqualified from 
training over the running of 
Rosyth in the 1964 Schweppes 
Gold Trophy, and the stable 
was disbanded and the horses 
dispersed to other trainers. 
The captain, however, had his 
licence returned in time for 
the next season, but he was 
g ym in the eye of the storm 
over yet another winner of the 
Schweppes. Hill House in 

The circumstances concern- 
ing Hill House were bizarre. 
The Newbury stewards did 
not accept the trainer’s expla- 
nation over the improvement 
in form and referred the case 
to the National Hunt stew- 
ards. Then, to the surprise of 
many. Hill House railed a 
dope test It became a cause 
c&ebre and. after numerous 

win the prestigious flat races 
as he tad been with the 
jumpers. He won two Classics 
for Mr Charles St George, the 
Oaks (with Ginevra) in 1972 
and the St Leger (wiih Brum) 
in 1975. Giacometti, in the 
same ownership, was placed 
in three 1974 classics- Like 
many of Price’s best horses,.aIl 
three were cheaply bought. 

Ryan Price was, quite sim- 
ply, a genius with horses. He 
understood them and, after 
they had been successful, gave 
them die freedom of his 
beloved Downs. Jt was a 
touching sight to see him 
feeding his pensioners, as he 
called them. "They put me 
wbere I am; now, they can 
enjoy life". 

He had an insatiable hunger 
for success, always straining at 
the bit and happiest when 
leading from the front. If this 

leading from the front. If this 
led to a whip of his tongue - 
and it did - praise invariably 
followed in the next breath. 
He both commanded and 
earned respect. 

He is survived by his wife, 
two sons and a daughter. 


Mr John Trevelyan, CBE, 
•secretary of the British Board 
of Film Censors from 1958 to 
1971, who wielded his scissors 
with a diplomatic touch, died 
on August 15. He was 83. 

Trevelyan was born in 
Beckenham, Kent, the son ofa 
parson. His brother, Hum- 
phrey (later Lord Trevelyan), 
was to embark on a glittering 
career at the Foreign Office 
while one of his sisters was to 
many the Bishop of Oxford. . 

He was educated at Lancing 
and Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, where he gained a third 
is history. It was hoped that 
the young Trevelyan might 
consider a vocation in the 
Church; but his fondness for 
jazz, enthusiasm for sport and 
addiction to cigarettes, which 
he had been developing since 
he was thirteen, seemed to 
suggest otherwise. 

The family moved to the 
south coast where Trevelyan’s 
apprenticeship began in the 
darkness of foe Electric Cine- 
ma in Bournemouth’s Com- 
mercial Road. A casual 
interest in tanking led to an 
interview with the Bank of 
England where he was told 
that, as far as banking was 
concerned, his three years 
reading history had beat a 
; waste of time. 

when be returned from Ger- 
many in 1951, it was suggested 
that he apply to foe BBFC 

board where they bad a vacan- 
cy for an examiner. He got the 
job. and, eight years later, 
against half-a-dozen contend- 
ers, was appointed secretary. 

His desire to travel then 
took him to the Gold Coast on 
a teaching job: It was a period 
which nurtured in him an 
abiding regard for children. As 
fere had it, he was struck down 
with, fever - learnedly de- 
scribed as PUO, pyrexia of 
unknown origin - and wassent 
home on extended leave with 
foe warning not to return to 

Trevelyan spent the next 
two decades as an educational 
administrator in Kent, Sussex, 
Westmorland and. finally, in 
Germany wbere he was re- 
sponsible for setting up 
sdiools for .tiie. children of 
Allied servicemen. Within a 
year, one hundred schools had 
been opened. During his time 
in Westmormnd, as director of 
education, be handled the 
huge intake of evacuees from 
the north-east coast It was at 
this tune that he also wrote m 
article attacking the British 
Board of Film Censors for its 
failure to consider the effect of 
tiie cinema on the young. 

It was not forgotten and. 

Trevelyan came lo the job at 
a time of increasiflgly wide- 
spread permissiveness. He 
tad inherited an organization 
of conservative tastes and 
quickly realised dial he had to 
make up the rules as he went 
along. He knew, many film 
makers personally and was 
fascinated by their work, going 
to foe studios to "meet the 
boys who push the cameras 
around". He was keen to bera 
help rather than a hindrance 
and, to this end, encouraged 
producers to send him unfin- 
ished scripts for inspection, a 
novel .suggestion which tad 
him critized for needlessly 
negatory intervention at the 
creative stage. 

. He realized, too, that the 
cinema could not be seen 
morally to trail behind televi- 
sion in what it screened. With 
shrewdness and tact, he man- 
aged to keep abreast of chang- 
ing attitudes, rolling bade the 
limits of acceptability _ but 
never too far. 

His finest hour was, per- 
haps, the celebrated incident 
at tbe Open Space theatre dub 
in Tottenham Court Road. 
When the Warhol film. Flesh, 
was still rolling, foe police 
burst in and seized it Trevel- 
yan, who had earlier passed 
the film - "It is not my cup of 
tea and, if it was shown 
commercially, people would 
walk out in boredom? - ar- 
rived on the arRni% and at- 

tempted to intervene. It was 
all to no avail; but the incident 
made him to many a champi- 
on of liberalism, an accolade 
which he was happy to accept 
' Trevelyan's was under no, 
illusions that his was a thank- 
less task. He was to be found 
each lunchtime in his 
, favourite Dean Street restau- 
rant wining either a film 
producer or someone from the 
morality lobby. Just around 
the corner, in his Soho offices 
with pornography lapping at 
his doorstep, a 60-hour, week 
was the norm '* 

His appearance lived up to 
the popular image of a censor 
tall thin, with a scholarly air 
and beaky, bespectacled face. 
Visions of bowler hat. dark 
coat and rolled up umbrella 
come naturally. 

In conversation, he was 
fast-talking and very witty. 
But bis greatest gift was diplo- 
macy. It was a gift which he 
often exercised and he never 
shrank from using his scissors, 
especially when it came . to . 
protecting the young. 

"I was perhaps unusual in . 
being a censor who did not 
believe in censorship, in 
principle", he said on his 
retirement. "But, despite this, 

I saw that at the time it was 
desirable". . 

Through his readiness to 
discuss his work in public, he 
became as familiar a figure as 
any non-acting member of the 
film industry, the almost ac- 
ceptable free of censorship 
who preserved, even devel- 
oped. . his libertarian 

He published, in 1973, 
What the Censor Saw, a lively 
survey of censorship through 
the ages which recommended 
that the current film censor- -' 
ship and obscenity laws ; 
should be abolished, accom- 
panied by suitable statutory '; 
provisions for the protection : 
of the young. 

There are numerous hilari-. ' 
ous stories in What the Censor 
Saw. He could not hear the 
Brahms StriDg Sextet No l in r 
B flat without recalling his 
problems in cutting an erotic 
scene in Les A mams, and he 
reflects how. at the BBFC 
office, “we used to call France . 
The home of the X-certiflcate 
bed-scene’ ". ” 

Trevelyan was appointed - 
CBE in. 1971. He was married . 
four times. 


Mr Hugh Gardner, CB, who 
served for almost four decades 
with the Ministry of Agricul- 
ture and Fisheries, died on 
August 6. He was 76. 

Gardner was born into an 
intellectual family. - Professor 
Dame Helen Garaner was his 
sister - and educated at Uni- 
versity ■■ College School and 
Merton College, Oxford. 

He secured -entry info the 
administrative cla ss of the 
civil service in 1933 , a difficult 
year, opting for the Ministiy 
of Agriculture and Fisheries 
wbere he was to remain until 

to interfere with his devotion 
lo his family. • 

But this philosophy did not 
stop him giving sterling ser- 
vice to his department, espe- 
cially in his 17 years as under- 
secretary in which he secured 
the great, success of the 
ministry's scheme for land ' 
and farm building 
improvements. . . 

Much, of this achievement 
was due to bis promotion of 
sound relations both with his 
professional colleagues and 
with foe War Agricultural 
Executive Committees. These 

Association of First Division 
Civil Servants from 1945 to 

On his retirement in 1970. • 
he was appointed an Inspector 
at the . Department of the 
Environment a post which, 1 
oyer foe next ten years, gave ! 
him the opportunity to visit at : 
a leisurely pace the country* * 
side he loved and had served - 
so wen He published, in 1967, 
a book for children. Tales ' 
from the Marble Mountain^ - , 1 

He married, in 1934. Mai^i 

,■ .offliLv committees, representative of 
his reunnemin 19?a Here. he- - g^ng interests, could.givea 

venerated good relations, induce farmers 

garet Carvalho, and there wtt& i 
two sons and a daughter of ti* * 

Pnola Mori, the widow and 
foird wife of Orson WeHe£->: 
died in Nevada on August 12;* 
as a result of a car crash. She'.- 

*as 57. . . vJA'; 

The Counters di Girafelcow^ 
foe acted in Italian films 
Raola Mori. She mftm&fgL- 
WeUes in 1955 and there waap 
one daughter of the marriagSF 
Beatncc ■ 

( venerated and^guaroc^t^ good relations, induce formas 

Accept controls intolerable 
he thought if imposed by. the minister. 

I d ™ n £ Slwt 5 Gardner, a man of high intel- 

wnh the Ministry of Food. - iect,‘ secured this good will. 

He was a colleague who In .foe, 1940s, Gardner 
always gave great delight to organzied foe evacuation of 
those who - served with him. sheep -from Romney Marsh, 
This happy relationship owed and in 1953- successfully dealt 
something, to Ties refusal to with the Norfolk floods. He 
[dedicate bw whole life to his J was awarded the CBE that 
profession orto^OwhBwbrk^Sfear- -HerWas chairman of the 

i i* V c 


T.T’r. * '• 

Wren K‘ i s > : f 

tout;! 1 . 

i- kv 






A tragic 



'1 1%t 


I k l \ 


> ‘‘ The setting for last night's 
play. Watching (BBCl). was 
J an upwardly mobile urban 
r neighbourhood called Reg- 
. i: eats Close, where, behind doll 
dothes and a mock-genteel 
demeanour, the. residents are 
L all bubbling with hormones. 
; i i Frustration has made some of 
them furtive and devious, fn 
'/ others, like the gaunt-faced 
. i Smart Shooter, it has released 
(be flood-tide of insanity. 

Although his wife has a 
lover. and consequently takes 
her husband in good part, 
i. ; Shooter is barking mad. His 
. wardrobe resembles a small 
‘.. arms showcase at an SAS 
- convention. Paranoid by na- 
,-v* rare, and a vigilante by tem- 
,.A‘ perament, - be patrols the 
vicinity from his bedroom 
window, through a telescopic 

0 sight, eager to spot ithe Jrar- 

1 V glare who, be knows, are 
, 5 plundering the district. One 

night, plunging off a garage 
'• ’ roof after seeing his wife and 
her lover silhouetted against 
the bedroom curtains, he ac- 
‘‘ 1 tually catches one. 

A more ruthless, less ami- 
>! able script than Paul Alex- 
-V ander's would have seen this 
hollow triumph qnite pitilessly 
-' for what it was- — poor 
- Shooter's hilarious tragedy. 

■ Pete Postlethwuite's exem- 
plary deadpan performance, a 
^ residential estate MaJvoiio, 

. had the satiric depth fora man 

> whose innate absurdity has 
'• made the rest of us crneL Bat 
•: the over-playful plot rescued 

him with cosmetic ease, and 

- r the dialogue, which had prom- - 

> ised blackly observant farce, 
settled for the comfortable 

.: heartiness of routine sitcom. 
Yesterday also saw the re- 
peat of the first part of the 
National Theatre's outstand- 
ing Oresteia (Channel 4), sen- 
. sibly schedoled in the middle 
of the afternoon, where it was 
no longer in danger of dashing 

* with the evening material 
.' which must have reduced its 

audience the first time around. 

'' Rattigan's schoolmaster In 
‘‘ The Bromting Version thought 
. the Agamemnon the greatest 
play ever written, and this 
brutally emotional production 

- made one see why. Thiscast, 
Sir Peter Hall and the trans- 

- lalor, Tony Harrison, can 

* rarely hare done better wort; 

Andrew Aissik 

David Robinson discovers history brought to life at the Avignon Film Festival 

’s masterpiece in triumph 

Music in London 
Albert Hall/Radio 3 

This year is the seventieth anniver- 
sary of David Wark. Griffith's Intol- 
erance, the most influential film in 
cinema history and still unsurpassed 
m iis scale and ambition. In ail these 
years, t hough, it can never have had a 
more impressive theatre than was 
provided by the Cour tfHonneur of 
the Papal: palace, of Avignon. The 
soaring . medieval walls seemed a 
natural extension of Griffith's visions 
of ancient ; Babylon, Judaea and the 
Massacre of St Bartholomew's Day- 

Shown on a screen forty feet high, 
the images had the depth and clanty 
of a brand-new film. The print used 
was reconstituted by Raymond 
Rphaucr from Griffith’s - personal 
copy, complete with the original 
colour timing which was an im- 
portant feature of silent film. A new 
symphonic accompaniment by An- 
toine Duhamel and Pierre Jansen was 
performed by the 75-piece Orchestra 
de Tile dc France, under Jacques 

At each show two and a half 
thousand people crammed the place 
to standing-room capacity, and their 
concentration was awesome tribute to 
Griffith's power as a slory- teller. His 
complex interweaving of four sepa- 
rate stories, brought to simultaneous 
conclusion m a veritable torrent of 
cross-cutting images, remains mes- 
meric no one in these 1986 audiences 
seemed tempted- to laugh at the 
unrestrained sentimentality of 1916. 
or the finale, when angel hosts 
descend to bring peace between the 
warring European armies and trans- 
form prison walls into rose hedges. 

This triumphant resurrection of 
Intolerance is symptomatic of a 
current enthusiasm for retrieving the 
cinema's past — a process that has 
been given as much impetus by 
television's dependence-on old film 
as by the work of. archivists and. 
scholars. With increasing possibilities 
to see old films as they were intended 
to be shown — in bright, clear prints, 
with original tinting and sympathetic 
musical support — it becomes easier 
to view the cinema like any other art 
in a whole cultural and historical 
continuity. Literature and painting 
would be that much less meaningful if 
wc were unaware of Chaucer and 
T mgenev or Carpacccio arid Hogarth: 
and the cinema signifies Lumfereand 
Griffith and Eisenstein as well as next 
week's West End releases. 

Those who have grown too old 
for the Europan Community 
Youth Orchestra, but who still 
cherish the concept of musical 
fraternization on a trans- 
continental scale, graduate to 
the Chamber Orchestra of 

Europe. This starry ensemble 

plays together for several 
months each year, and plays 
very well, too - which only 
increases one's frustration 
when it chooses such safe, 
ordinary programmes. 

Wagner's Siegfried Idyll, a 
Mozart piano concerto 
(K27I). Brahms's Serenade 
No l: this is the meat and 
drink of an average night on 
the South Bank, not the son of 
high hurdles that 50 of 
Europe's best young pro- 
fessionals should be challeng- 
ing themselves to surmount 
on an important tour. It is a 
little surprising that Claudio 
Abbado. who has often spoken 
up elsewhere for more ad- 
venturous programming, does 
not freshen up the thinking 

Still, at least we were given 
comparatively rare Brahms: a 
work which one is unlikely to 
hear played so well again for a 
long time. Without losing the 
vein of dance-likc rusticity 

running through the music. 
Abbado obtained textures of 
uncommon clarity, and arti- 
culation of exemplary pre- 
cision. It was entirely typical, 
for instance, that in the Ada- 
gio he encouraged a sensuous, 
almost silky string blend while 
insisting firmly on the exact 
placing of the double-dotted 
rhythms. The woodwind solo 
playing was exquisite, both in 
phrasing and timbre, as it had 
been earlier conveying the 
delicious ingenuous quality of 
Siegfried Idyll. 

Andras SchifT was a refined 
and painstaking, rather than 
mercurial, soloist in the Mo- 
zart concerto, giving the sort 
of performance where ev ery' 
note of an Alberti bass is made 
to seem terribly important. A 
penchant for stressing ac- 
cented passing notes in a 
romantic, highly expressive 
manner (especially wistful in 
the tragic-ioned Andantino) 
was a rare indulgence in what 
was essentially an interpreta- 
tion of classical poise. If 
anything. SchifT underplayed 
dramatic possibilities like the 
startling harmonic sidestep in 
the first-movement cadenza. 
But his ornaments were mod- 
els of taste and neatness, he 
frequently gave left-hand de- 
tails a telling prominence, and 
his passage work had a cul- 
tured evenness. 

Richard Morrison 

Albert Hall/Radio 3 

Intolerance in Avignon — thought tobethefastgMnineinipro^Sedphot^raphCTertaSnnf^imhS^^^^ 

with fall orchestral accompaniment 

than events devoted to 17th-century 
drama or 19th-century opera. The 
. most important of these events 
besides Avignon take place annually 
at Pordenone in northern Italy and 

Old films are not museum objects, 
but have still -the vital power to 
express the personalities of artists and 
the sentiments of the times in which 
they Jived. This momentous realiza- 
tion has brought about the creation of 
new festivals exclusively dedicated to 
past fifan. culture — no odder after .all 

Avignon this year organized a 
panorama of wodd cinema between 
1915' and 1920. When this period 
began the old European order was 
still in process of disintegration, 
accomplished by the First World 
War. In 1917 America entered the 
war and Russia left it on the 
whirlwind of revolution. The start of 
the Twenties seemed everywhere to 
mark the dawn of a new age. 

In 1915 Griffith had just made 
Birth of a Motion and was un- 
challenged as the world’s greatest film 
artist. By the end of the period he was 
already eclipsed and he embarked on 
a decline — set off, ironically, by the 
financial disaster of Intolerance. In 

the same period Chaplin leapt to a 
peak of unprecedented international 
idolatry. In America and Europe, as 
the Avignon programme dem- 
onstrated unequivocally, the silent 
film realized its full artistic potential. 

The great political affairs of the 
time figured very little in the movies: 
the audience clearly demanded es- 
cape. An exception recently rediscov- 
ered and unveiled in Avignon is a 
film speculatively entitled Bol- 
shevism — a polished dramatic piece 
about aristocratic Russians robbed 
and abused by the Bolsheviks and 
eventually emigrating to Turkey. The 
film is for the moment one of the 
mysteries of cinema history. There is 
every sign that it was made in a well- 
equipped studio by people who had 
personally experienced the traumas 
of emigration, but no clue has yet 
emerged to indicate who they were or 
where they made their film. 

The period saw the debuts of many 

of those who were soon to become 
major figures in world cinema. In the 
Avignon programme. Fritz Lang 
appeared as screenwriter of a turgid 
thriller. Hilda Warren and Death 
(1917). and an over-dressed period 
piece. Plague in Florence (1919). 
which nevertheless has bits of horrific 
invention — a ghostly figure of death, 
dancing to her own fiddle — that look 
forward to Destiny. On the other 
hand Alexander Korda gave no 
promise of things to come in an early 
Hungarian film. Man of Gold (1918), 
a dull and literal adaptation of a novel 
by Mor Jokai. 

John Ford however, even at 23. 
was already beyond question a great 
film-maker, with a natural, almost 
mystical, ability to express himself in 
moving pictures. His recently redis- 
covered first feature. Straight Shoot- 
ing (1917). might stand with honour 
beside any Western from the.seyenty 
years since it was made: 



The Summerscope season at 
the Queen Elizabeth Hall 
seems intended by the new 
South Bank management 
. . primarily to give that house a 
sense of purpose as some- 
■ where suitable for particular 
activities rather than a place 
for left-overs. They are look- 
.■» ing for new possibilities and. 

. having tried out a couple of 
. ' operas on the temporary stage. 

. they turned on Friday to their 
first full dance programme. 

The first thing to become 
clear was that the restricted 
• space on. either side of the 
stage will limit the choice of 
what can be done there. 
Besides that, a delegation 
- from several potentially suit- 
able companies commented 
forcibly on the need for a 
properly sprung floor. If that 
can be put right we have a 
good new venue for small- 
scale dance and music-theatre. 

It is a pity that the actual 
.. • programme given on Friday 
did not live up to the occasion. 

. The small English Dance The-, 
atrc from Newcastle, directed 
by Yair Vardi. was presum- 
ably chosen on the strength of 
the programme's musical con- - 
tent. in panicuiar a chamber 
version of Petrushka. VardPs 
ballet uses large chunks of 
Stravinsky's score (slightly . 
more, I think, than the 
composer's own suite which 
John Ncumcicr took for his 
Petrushka I ' ariations. re- 
viewed last week). At its 
premidne last Christmas they 
were arranged fora jazz group: 
this time they were played on 
two pianos. 

Whereas Ncumcicr made 
an abstract treatment Vardi 
attempts a brief chronicle, a 
rearranged version of the full 
plot minus all the incidental 
characters. Ukc Ncumeier. he 
quotes Fokinc's original chor- 

eography for Petrushka, but 
more literally and only in 
rough and ready approxima- 
tion. The result is a crude 
melodrama, with a perfunc- 
tory attempt to give it contem- 
porary point through some 
minimal punk allusions in the 
designs (also by Vardi). 
Worse, none of ■ the four 
performers comes anywhere 
near the measure of the roles 
they are burlesquing. 

Sea Change showed the 
company better. To an aptly 
watery score by Gary Carpen- 
ter, awash with wave-tike 
rhythms, Ed Wubbe's chor- 
eography and design (three 
sails provide the setting) sug- 
gest sailors coming home and 
departing again. The emo- 
tional implications are all too 
wet but die dances, although 
not very original, are capably 
put together. 

Next door on the South 
Bank. London Festival Ballet 
completed its Festival Hall 
season with further perfor- 
mances of Coppelia, including 
several likeable newcomers to 
the. leading roles. Among them 
were Martin James as a nota- 
bly lively, high-jumping 
Franz, Kevin Richmond as Dr 

Coppelius. concentrating suc- 

fully on the role’s comic 
aspects, and Mireille Bour- 
geois with Davida Bomba na 
as a well-matched pair of 
young lovers at cross pur- 

But the company's most 
important performance all- 
week was marching to dem- 
onstrate. with Royal Ballet 
representatives, outside the 
Lyceum. A new London home 
for larger companies is for 
more desperately needed that 
one for small groups. Arts 
Council action now please, 
before it is too late. 

John Perdval 

Fringe theatre: Sarah Hemming 


After a week of Fringe-going, 
as days and nights begin to 
merge, shows to blend into an 
homognous blur and a hazy 
longing for normality to set in, 
it has to be a strong play that 
pins you to your seat* One that 
does just that is. Bophal 
(Traverse until August 30l an 
electrifying production from 
the Earth Players of the Mar- 
ket Theatre, Johannesburg. 

Percy Miwa’s play is a 
rapid-fire succession of short, 
tightly constructed scenes 
showing life in South Africa 
through the divided loyalties 
and compromised position of 
the black policeman. Weaving 
in disturbing facts about the 
laws governing arrest and 
police activity, it gradually 
moves towards the inevitable 
crisis in a family of which two 
members are in the police 
while a third is a schoolboy 
engaged in demonstrations. 
The three-strong company, 
Aubrey Radebe, Sydney Khu- 
malo and Aubrey MoaJosi 
Molefe, slip in and out of 
moods and roles with dexter- 
ity and speed, and Mtwa's 
production, sometimes angry, 
sometimes moving, vibrates 
with energy and humour vital 
theatre in every sense. 

Rural Catholic Ireland is 
the setting for Polly Peale’s 
one-woman play Fallen, based 
on the recent “Kerry Babies" 
case (Arc Theatre, in associ- • 
ation with the National Stu- 
dent Theatre Company. St 
Mary's Hall until August 30). 
Taking the form of a continu- 
ous flashback. Miss Peale's 
play is not so much concerned 
with establishing firm answers 
about the case — in foci she 
leaves explanations ambigu- 
ous— but with tracing how the 

fife of an ordinary but in- 
dependent-minded girl could 
gradually be turned into a 
nightmare through isolation 
from society. The flashback 
structure of remembered ex- 
perience gives the play an 
inbuilt impediment when it 
coma to expressing intense 
emotions of the nigbtmar- 
ishness of the situation at the 
end. but it is written with 
emotional honesty and hu- 
mour and creates a beautiful 
sense of intimacy. Directed by 
Julia Bardsley, Carole Pluck- 
rose's performance finely con- 
trols the development from a 
candid, inquisitive young girl, 
already noticing the dis- 
crepancies between nature 
and the rulings of society, to a 
desperately lonely but stau- 
nchly defiant young woman. 

At the Mandela Theatre 
(until August 30) “ Eileen 
Nicholas gives a brave and 

What makes a satisfying pro- 
gramme? You may argue that 
it has to do with aesthetic 
coherence, but this extrava- 
ganza of a Prom, conducted by 
Oliver Knussen, proved that 
one answer, at any rate, is 
simply a collection of good 
and attractive pieces. Not that 
the London Sinfonietta's 
choices were entirely un- 
connected: but if there was a 
theme, aside from the obliga- 
tory Italian one. here repre- 
sented by Madcma's Amanda 
and Nono's Condones a 
Guinmar as well as. more 
obliquejy. Oliver Knussen's 
tantalizing Frammenti da 
"Chiara" (given by the BBC 
Singers under Simon Joly). it 
was one that had something to 
do with 20th-century compos- 
ers coming to terms with the 

Alexander Goehr, in his 
. a musical offering (JSB 

1985) written last year, 

has obviously done that, and 
with the lightest of touches 
which came perhaps dan- 
gerously close to distorted 
pastiche on occasion, though 
the organization of his ma- 
terial is definitively of his own 
time. Webern's wonderful 
orchestration of the Ricercare 
from Bach's Musical Offering 
paid the same sort of homage 
in a different way. by con- 
sciously illuminating the inner 

processes at work. It aho 
emphasizes rhe link of Web- 
ern's own later music with the 
past, whereas the Op 1 3 songs 
(here sung with abundant and 
natural expression by Phyllis 
Bryn-Julson) come 'from' an 
earlier stage. 

For Stravinsky it was the 
influence of the music of the 
late 19th century which for 
most of his life he tried to 
shake off. Witness the two 
brief, dry memorial pieces 
heard here. Epitaphium and 
Double Canon (Raoul Dufy in 
memoriam). boih of 19591 or 
for that matter the brilliant 
burlesque Renard (1916). 
given a sharp performance 
here by the vocal team of Peter 
Hall Ian Caley. David Wj|- 
son-Johnson and Terry Ed- 
wards. But in his eloquent yet 
utterly faithful transcriptions 
of two songs from Wolfs 
Spanish Song Book (1968) 
(Bryn-Julson again), his last 
published work, he seems to 
have completely capitulated. 

In the end. though, it was 
the Italian link that seemed to 
come out on top. Nono's 
work, composed in 1962. is 
long-spanned, other-worldly 
lyricism all the way. Bryn- 
Julson once more gave" a 
lovely performance. The cen- 
tral role in the Madema was 
taken with equal aplomb by 
the violinist Nona LidelL 
letting forth a flowering 
stream of melody in a terrain 
of the most delicate textures. 

Stephen Pettitt 

Albeit Herring 
Elizabeth Hall 

m r^iT wirn — — h* i ym 

Sydney K hn m a l o (left) and Aubrey Radebe in Bophal 

evening in her life incomplete 
silence. As she gradually 
draws you into the patient of 
her life and personality you 
begin not only to experience 
the solitude of (his woman but. 
to realize how much of our . 
lives are spent alone and why. 

From a play In total silence 
to a play in Japanese, Avail- 
able Space's One Fine Day (St 
Cuthbert's Hall until August 
30). The fine day in question is 

O* - w «M»u *#W/. ■ Iiv Iiiih VBJ III Id 

moving performance of an- the day the bomb was dropped 
other one-woman play. Franz on Hiroshima and Available 
Xaver Kroetz's Request Pro- Space reaffirm the horror of 
gramme. In Kroetz's extraor- the occasion with beautiful 
dinary play a middle-aged sad simplicity. Through a 
woman living alone rather series of brief episodic scenes 
dowdily lakes us through an (with a translater on hand) 

John Tordoffs play gradually 
establishes a cross-section of 
Japanese life and the Japanese 
lives to be destroyed: the 
company painstakingly builds 
an entire village of tiny news- 
paper houses every perfor- 
mance, only to reduce it to 
rubble in a moment that is 
unbearably sad. 

Harvey and the Wall- 
hangers come back this year 
with a new show and a new 
drummer. Their hugely di- 
verse range of music has 
travelled slightly more up- 
tempo and off-beat this year, 
yet they retain their versatil- 
ity. energy and polish (until 
August 20). 

Official theatre: Martin Cropper 

Born in the RSA 






Box Office & 
Credit Cards 
01-928 2252 

STANDBY - unsold 
scats at low prices 
from lOatn on the day. 

overpowering pezfinmaiic^'M.i»n«, 
“One of the most enjoyable plays 
in London” ^ 

Lyttelton: Tonight. To mor. Thur at 8.00 
(no: 7.45 as an leaflet). Wed at 2.iS & 8.00. 

Then Aua 26, 27on&e). - — 

Sincerity is a quality univer- 
sally praised in public life. The 
Market Theatre Company of 
Johannesburg, who first gave 
this production in September 
last year, leak sincerity from 
every pore. Directed by Bar- 
ney Simon, the piece was 
cobbled togcibcr in the space 
of 1 a month through , the 
expedient of individual re- 
search. Thus. Fiona Ramsay 
boned up on the pan of a 
liberal lawyer. Gcina Mhlophc 
winkled out the nuances of a 
black schoohcachcr. Neil Mc- 
Carthy delved into the meatier 
role of a police spy. and so on. 

Their efforts, unfortunately, 
have resulted in a play which 
has as much sense of pace and 
attack as a telephone direc- 
tory. What passes for plot 
concerns Mr McCarthy’s grad- 
ual. initially reluctant induc- 
tion into the ranks of the 
security police. With a wife 
(Terry Nonon) and baby to 
support, he takes money' for 
betraying his fellow students. 
When he begins an adulterous 
affair with an an teacher 
(Vanessa Cooke) and discov- 
ers seditious pamphlets in her 
flat both she and her activist 
contact (Thoko Ntshtnga) are 
arrested . and subjected not 

unexpectedly, to close ques- 

Personally, one would like 
to question the wisdom of 
presenting such material, 
innocent of dramatic shape or 
purpose, to an audience com- 
posed largely of intelligent 
“Westerners” who must be 
presumed to have followed 
the South African agony in 
newspapers and on television 
at least since the state of 
emergency was first declared 
last year. 

When Miss Norton asks us 
"Did you hear about the.bomb 
in the Wimpy Bar in town?* 7 
one can still picture the after- 
math of that particular out- 

rage. When Mr McCarthy 
declares that apartheid is a 
form of pornography over 
which the outside world 
gloats, one can but notice that 
the stage on which he stands is 
covered with newsprint — and 
wonder whether he under- 
stands the concept of media- 
porn. The evening begins and 
ends with dramatic newsreel 
footage of “the unrest". Noth- 
ing resembling drama occurs 
in between. 

• My apologies to Kerry 
Shale for implying that he 
iff for I 

Glyndeboume showed on Sat- 
urday night that not only 
champagne and summer 
lawns, but scenery itself — 
apart, that is. from grand- 
father clocks and greengrocery 
— can be well-nigh dispensable 
to the success of their produc- 
tion of Albert Herring. Semi- 
staged by Christopher Newell 
for a Summerscope concert 
performance. Peter Hall’s 
original production has trav- 
elled well: the humanity which 
John Higgins praised in it 
earlier this season is still 
warm, and it radiated effort- 
lessly. even over a challeng- 
ingly audible and visible 
orchestra in the Queen Eliza- 
beth Hairs shallow pit. 

It could even be argued that 
the -comparative austerity of 
(his staging was turned' to 
positive advantage. With no 
painted backdrop and no 
wings, a . single black rear 
curtain sufficed, and parallel 
rows of chairs accommodated 
the cast at either side, h had 
the cunning effect of creating 
the claustrophobia of a court- 

room. and anticipating the 
work's denouement: a small- 
town inquisition in which the 
issues, like the costumes, are 
very much a matter of black 
and white. 

Against this inky back- 
ground, the artfully turned 
profile of each player was 
silhouetted to a nicety. There, 
again, was Albert himself, in 
John Graham-Hall a lanky 
match for Richard Van 
Allan's marvellouslv observed 
Superintendant Budd: there 
was tite delightfully autocratic 
double act of Patricia Johnson 
and Anne Collins as Billows 
and Pike: there was Elizabeth 
Gale's Miss Wordsworth and 
the annoying (a bit too annov- 
ing) fussiness of Adrian 
Thompson's Mayor. 

The one newcomer to the 
cast. Alan Opie as Sid. pro- 
vided ample balance in the 
moral scales, and nice vocal 
counterweight to Derek Ham- 
reond-Stroud's Vicar. With 
Jane Glover conducting the 
soloists of the London Phil- 
harmonic and Jean Matl- 
andaine providing some lumi- 
nous piano continuity', it was 
an evening to remember. 

invented a puff for last year's 

show. In his current publicity. 


he does not misquote 
Times of London. 






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Directed by MARK. KINGSTON 

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Arson at 

Continued from page 1 

from within the Tamil 

Herr Wolfgang Bindel. the 
German sea captain named 
bvHamburg police as having 
carried the Tamils aboard his 
coastal freighter the Aurigae, 
was yesterday sailing home 
and positioned somewhere off 
ihe Azores. According to Ger- 
man police an international 
warrant for his arrest is being 
considered by the Canadian 
authorities, but Herr Bindel 
by ship-to-shone telephone is 
stoutly maintaining his 

He said that the first he 
knew of the affair was when he 
received a telephone call from 
his wife and he then immedi- 
ately turned for home. He 
predicted that it would take 
him nine or 10 days to reach 

Hen* Bindel is believed to 
have paid about 150.000 DM 
for an operation which is 
estimated to have netted him 
at least 700.000 DM. Accord- 
ing to Tamil sources he 
charged 50 marks for a coca- 
cola during the voyage, which 
would have cost 45 pfennigs in 
a German supermarket 

Shore-to-ship radio stations 
in Britain and West Germany 
tried throughout yesterday to 
contact Hen* Bindel aboard 
the Aurigae. but the vessel 
maintained radio silence. 

An official at the Portishead 
radio station in Sommerset 
said it was still not clear if the 
ship was heading north off the 
West African coast as main- 
tained by the captain or was 
travelling east across the At- 
lantic near the Azores. 

**He told the German radio 
station he did not want to 
speak to anyone and that is the 
last we have heard of him," 
said the official. 

German and British sta- 
tions tried around the dock to 
contact Captain Bindel on 
short wave radio, but he never 

A shipping source added 
that although sattellites were 
reportedly being used to trace 
the vessel it would be almost 
impossible to identify it on the 
open sea. because it was not 
equipped with a satielite 
signalling device. 

Today's events 

Brighton bomb hotel back in business 



- .... , .■*. I*?V3J 

The Grand Hotel, Brighton. 

The Grand Hotel in Brighton will 
open its doors to guests today for the 
first time since the IRA's murderous 
bomb attack on the Government 22 
months ago (David Sapsled writes). 

Five people died and 31 were 
injured in the blast, which blew out 
the front of the hotel. 

About 30 people are expected to 
check in this morning — 10 days 
before the official reopening — at a 
wholly rebuilt hotel designed to new 
standards of elegance, luxury and 
security. There wifi be no signs and no 
reminders of the bomb planted in 
Room 629 by Patrick Magee. 

Mr Richard Baker, hotel manager, 
said last mght:“We are not living in 
the past and we certainly don't intend 
to try and cash in on the tragedy. We 
have what is really a brand new hotel 
and our challenge is to make it work." 
In fact. Room 629 no longer exists. 
Sea-facing bedrooms have been trans- 
formed into large, £130-a-uight exec- 
utive rooms, while the state occupied 

after the IRA bomb blast and now restored to its former Victorian splendour. (Photographs: Peter Trievnor) 

by Mrs Margaret Thatcher on that 
fateful last night of the Tory Party 
conference in October 1984 is now the 
Presidential Suite, with two bed- 
rooms, two sitting rooms, a lounge, 
and a £600-a-oight price tag. 

But the lessons of that night have 
been learned. As part of the £1 1 mil- 
lion rebuilding project, which has 
returned the hotel's facade to its 
Victorian splendour and turned the 
interior into something few of die 
guests two years ago wonld recognize, 
an extensive security system has been 

Sussex Police worked closely with 
the architects for De Vere Hotels, 
which owns the Grand, to ensure it 
could be easily “swept” for explo- 
sives. Also, a £63,000 computerized 
entry system will control the locks on 
all bedrooms. 

Even the exterior is not quite the 
same as in 1984. Extra storeys have 
been built on the west side of the 
bunding to give it balance. 

Inside, there has been a major 
redevelopment in which little but the 
fine oak staircase remains Intact The 
reception and concierge areas on the 
ground floor have been moved to the 
front of the hotel, while the main 
bar — refurbished shortly before the 
bombing bat considered by many at 
the time to be out of keeping with the 
rest of the interior — has been rebuilt 
in dark mahogany. 

Throughout, there is a strong 
Victorian feel to the decor with the 
furniture, carpets and fabrics coming 
from British manufacturers. 

Perhaps the biggest change is on 
the lower ground floor, which for- 
merly housed the Grand's vast kitch- 
ens. Half of it has been turned into a 
leisure area with a swimming pool, 
sauna, solarium and beauty salon; tire 
remainder has become the Midnight 
Bines nightclub. 

By last night, Mr Baker and his 
160 staff were working flat ont to be 
ready to welcome tire first guests. 

Workmen were patting the finishing 
touches to the cloakrooms but they 
were expected to be ready by this 

Mr Baker added: “I think the hotel 
is very much better than it was before. 
It's a magnificent hotel Fm sure it 
will turn ont to be one of the great 
British hotels." 

Although the renovated building 
does not have a plaque as a reminder 
of the bombing, the incident has not 
been totally forgotten. Later this year, 
De Vere plans to hold a charity ball at 
the Grand as a tribute to the 
emergency services who worked un- 
ceasingly during that dramatic night 

MrNorman Tebbrt, Conservative 
Party chairman, who was trapped In 
nibble after the explosion, and whose 
wife was severiy disabled by her 
injuries, has been invited. 

None of the party's hierarchy will 
be present next week, however, when 
a flypast by Concorde will mark tire 
official opening. 


Royal engagements 

Prince Edward attends a 
performance of the National 
Youth Music Theatre. George St 
Theatre. Edinburgh. 2: later, 
attends a dinner in aid of The 
Duke of Edinburgh's Award 
Scheme 30th Anniversary Trib- 
ute Project. Hopeioun House, 
Edinburgh. 7. 

New exhibitions 
Owls: their natural and un- 
natural history: Towneley Hall 
An Gallery- and Museum. 
Towneley Park, Burnley: Mon 
to Fri 10 to 5.30. Sun 12 to 5 
(ends Sept 4) 

Lancashire South of the 
Sands: Rural Landscape 1 700- 
IV50: Lancaster City Museum. 
Market Sq: Mon to Sal 10 to 5 
(ends Sept 14) 

Exhibitions in progress 
Storm. Stream and Sea: oil 
paintings and watercolours: 

Smith Art Gallery and Museum. 
Dumbarton Rd, Stirling: Wed 
to Sun 2 to 5. Sat 10.30 to 5 
(ends October 5) 

Paintings, drawings and 
graphics by various artists; Gal- 
lery by the Park. West Hill, 
Gisbum Rd. Bamowford, Nel- 
son: Wed to Sun 10 to 6 (ends 
Sept 28) 

23rd Summer Exhibition: 
works by 75 gallery artists: Colin 
Jellicoe Gallery. 82 Portland St 
Manchester Mon to Fri 10 to 6, 
Sat I to 5 (ends September 13) 
Landspace: place nature, ma- 
terial; Kettle’s Yard Gallery. 
Castle SL Cambridge; Tues to 
Sat 12.30 to 5.30, Sun 2 to 5.30 
(ends August 31) 

Plagiarism Personified?: 
European Pottery and Porcelain 
Figures: Adeane Gallery. The 
Fitzwilliam Museum, 
Trumpington St. Cambridge: 
Tues to Sal 10 to 1 and 2 to 5. 
Sun 2.15 to 5. (ends August 31) 
Edges: visual an in various 
media by women artists; Leeds 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,127 


1 The constantly changing 
pattern of sound radio ( 1 2). 

8 Day m a common prison for 
a Watusi. perhaps (7). 

9 Insert the original of 
Matisse’s drawing m ii (7). 

11 Speak ill of a stratagem 
backed by Mussolini (7). 

12 The Secret Service fired one 
— a defence reserve (7). 

13 Good-looker in perfect con- 
dition. by the sound of it? 

14 Constable stops soldier (9). 

16 Equipped to remove name 

from report by left-winger 

19 How to pass a night at “The 
Huntsman’s Retreat" (5). 

21 In which »e mav learn 
about girls (?). 

23 Low swinger causing distur- 
bance after ica? (7). 

24 Universal recipe devised for 
a gourmet (7). 

25 Spread a form or aid cov- 
ered by levy (71. 

26 Notes produced by Union a 
month later (7.5). 


1 Healthy place for a lark. US 
variety ( 7 j. 

2 Admonish Celt manoeu- 
vring on riier (7). 

3 Mine host's trendy new ring 

4 Ring'im up. perhaps. Poppy 

5 Head-dress (posh) once hin- 
dered JulicL for one (7). 

6 Spectre of hard worker re- 
strained by dog (7). 

7 Tossing the caber, clan use 
full power (5.7). 

10 He is interested in the num- 
bers of rail users (5-7). 

15 Unseemly behaviour 
around Christmas-time is 
nothing strange (9). 

17 A vessel from the church. 
Miss Liddell understood (7). 

18 A Continental waterway 
lacking security (7). 

19 Malicious gossip cost a 
Manxman, say. his head (7). 

20 Grave words, it appears, in 
record Herbert inscribed (7). 

22 The bulk of ihe breastbone 
is rigid (5). 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,126 
will appear 
next Saturday 

City Art Gallery, The Headrow; 
Mon to Fri 10 to 6. Wed 10 to 9, 
Sat 10 to 4. Sun 2 to 5 (ends Aug 

New work by gallery artists; 
Bohun Gallery. 13 Station Rd, 
Henley-on-Thames; Mon to Sat 
10 to 5.30. closed Wed (ends 
Sept 1 1) 

Country Life: major 18th, 
I9ih and 20th century oil paint- 
ings of country life; Mappin Art 
Gallery, Weston Park. Sheffield: 
Mon to Sat 10 to 8, Sun 2 to 5 
(ends Sept 7) 

With Walls and Towers Gir- 
dled: photographs of York from 
the 1850’s to the present day; 
Impressions Gallery of Photog- 
raphy. 17 Colliergaie. York; 
Tues to Sat 10.30 to 530 (ends 
August 30). 

Playing Card Transformations 
1804-1986; lntercol Gallery, la 
Camden Walk, Ni; Mon to Sat 
9.30 to 5.30 (ends September 30) 

James Boswell: Anist against 
Fascism; City Art Gallery. Mos- 
ley Si, Manchester, Mon lo Sat 
10 to 6. Sun 2 to 6 (ends Aug 31) 
Rain. sun. snow, hail, mist, 
calm: phoiowoiks by Andy 
Goldsworthy; Artiste, 1 
Pierre pent Place. Bath: Tues to 
Sun 9 to 5.30 (ends Sept 21). 

Maritime Exhibition: A Look 
at Davy Jones* locker James 
Dun House. 61 Schoolhill. 
Aberdeen: Mon to Sat 10 lo 5 
(ends Oct 18). 

Last chance to see 

Children: work by various 
artists; Lawrence Fine Art of 
Crew kerne. Somerset; 9 to 1 1. 

Spectators: photographic dis- 
play by David Walken Un- 
guarded Moments: 

photographic display by Mark 
Warner. Oldham Art Gallery, 
Union St; 10 to 6. 


Cello recital by Jacqueline 
Phillips: Upton Church, Upton 
Court Rd. Slough, 8. 

Recital by Hortus Musicus; St 
Leonard's-in-the-Fields and 
Trinity. Perth. 8. 

Vivaldi’s Lute and Mandolin 
Concertos by Paul O’Dette; St 
Andrew And St George's 
Church. George SL Edinburgh, 

Talks and lectures 

The Night they got the Bird, 
by Kenneth Loveland; 

Portrait of Windermere, by 
Chris Taylor, Lake District Na- 
tional Park Visitor Centre, 
Brockfaople, Windermere, 1.3Q. 

Nature Notes 

Most of the swifts have gone, 
and the rest are about to leave: 
one evening they are hurtling 
past the roofs where they nested, 
screaming wildly, and the next 
morning the sky is empty and 

On the coast more wading 
birds are coming down from the 
north. Golden plover are arriv- 
ing from the Scottish moors, 
some still in their glittering 
yellow summer plumage. Cur- 
lew-sandpipers. which are small 
waders with a slightly curved 
bill like a curlew’s, have flown 
from the Arctic tundra: at the 
moment, most of these are 
young birds, only a few months 

Wild buddleia is in bloom, 
and attracts many butterflies 
and other insects- A common 
ground plant is the yellow 
tormentiL rather like the 
cinquefoil but with only, four 

Ivy-leaves toadflax casca des 
down moist wails. Heather is in 
full flower, and on the bilberries 
that often grow amongst it the 
fruit is plump and juicy. 

Winged ants are emerging 
from anthills, the males leading 
the females, and both sexes rise 
in thick clouds on their nuptial 
flight Ponds are full of green 
algae floating near the surface; 
fish swim deeper,* where the 
water is still dear. DJM 


Births: Meriwether Lewis, ex- 
plorer, Charlottesville, Virginia. 
1774; John RnssdL 1st Earl 
Russell, prime minister 1846- 
52. 1865-66. London. 1792. 

Deaths: Guido Rent Baroque 
painter. Bologna, 1642; Honor* 
de Balzac writer. Paris. 1850; 
William Henry Hudson, natu- 
ralist and writer, London. 1922. 

Battle of Britain, 1940. 


Scotland: M74 N of Lesmahagow, 
Strathclyde: extension wonuto 
Stirfngshire: single line traffic for 
resurfacing N of LarbertLoon 
Road. Dundee: rate way system and 
diversion for^ resurfacing work be- 
tween Logie St and Lawside Road. 
The NorncM6 Lancashre North- 
bound carriageway dosed between 
junctions 32 and 
33(Prestpn/Lancaster). M32: 
cont rafl ow between junctions 7 
(Wrdnes) and Burtonwood service 
area. Ai Yorkshire: contraflow tor 
flyover work at Baldersby nr Ripon. 
Wales and the West:M5 
Gloucestershire: outside lane 
closed northbound between junc- 
tion 8 (MS0) and 9 (A438) for 
roadworks. M5 Somerset patching 
work means lane closures between 
junctions 25 (Taunton) and 26 (A38 
Wellington}^ Clwyd: single fine 
traffic at Maerdy river bridge, 

The Mdlands: Ml Leicestershire: 
slip road closures N and S of 
junction 20 (Lutterworth). M6 
Staffordshire: single fine traffic tor 
roadworks on roundabout under 
motorway at Junction 16 
(Kidsgrove).MB Warwickshire: 
contraflow; southbound carriage- 
dosed between junctions 4 
A446) and 5 (A452). 
on and the South oast A503 
Seven Sisters Road: width reduced 
at junction of A105 Green 
LanoA217 Brighton road: one lane 
only for resurfacing work between 
roundabout and A240 
road. M25 Surrey: road- 
Ekely to cause delays be- 
tween junctions 9 and 10 

Information supplied by AA 

Bond winners 

Winning numbers in the 
weekly draw for Premium flood 
prizes are: 

£100,000: 8FS 179388 (win- 
ner lives in Newport, Gwenth 
£50.000: 16WF 072678 (Bris- 
tol); £25.000: 7FW 013620 
(Newcastle upon Tyne) 



A depression in the Bay 
of Biscay will move 
slowly E, while a cool NW 
to N airflow will cover 
central and northern ar- 
eas. Southern areas will 
have some outbreaks of 
rain, but other parts of the 
British Isles will have 
sunny intervals with 
some showers likely in. 
the north. 

6am to midnight 

The pound 

Austria Sell 
Belgium Fr 
Canada t 
Denmark Kr 
Franca FT 
Germany Dm 
Greece Or 
Hong Kong S 
Ireland Pi 
haty Ura 
Japan Van 
Netherlands Gld 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Etc 
South Africa Rd 
Spain Pta 
Sweden Kr 
Switzerland Fr 

Yu g o sla v ia Pnr 


2D 7.00 

21 -40 

11 A0 

Rates tor small denomination bank notes 
only as suppbeo by Barclays Bank PLC. 

Rata* Price Index: 364.7 

London: Die FT Index closed up 7.B at 

Times Portfolio Gold rotes ere ns 


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2 Tunes Portfolio Ust comprises a 
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3 Times portfolio ’dividend' will be 
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combination of eight (two from each 
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4 The daily dividend will be 
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/ . 

London, E AngBa, E Midlands: 
Rather cloudy, a little rain in 
places. Sunny intervals develop- 
ing. Wind N to NE light to 
moderate; max temp 20c ( 68f)_ 
SE, Central S England, Channel 
Is: Cloudy with outbreaks of 
rain, possibly heavy in places. 
Wind NE moderate locally 
fresh, max temp 18c (64f). 

E NW Central N Ne P-n pienri, 
W Midlands. N Wales. Lake 
Dish Mainly dry sunny' inter- 
vals. Wind NE lo N light to 
moderate, max temp 20c ( 68ft. 
SW Ragland. S Wales: Cloudy 
with outbreaks of rain at flisL 
Sunny intervals developing. 
Wind northeast moderate to 
fresh. Max temp 18c ( 64f>. 

Is of Man. Borders, Edinburgh, 
Dundee, Aberdeen. SW Scot- 
land, Glasgow, N Ireland: 
Sunny intervals and isolated 
showers. Wind N light to mod- 
erate; max temp 18c ( 64f). 

Central Highlands, Moray 
Firth. NE, NW Scotland. Ar- 
gyll, Orkney, Shetland: Sunny 
intervals and scattered showers, 
possibly heavy. Wind NW to N 
moderate to fresh; max temp 
16c (61ft. 

Outlook for Tuesday and 
Wednesday: Cloud and out- 
breaks of rain in the SE at first, 
otherwise sunny intervals and 
scattered showers. 

Le tter from Warsaw 

A summer purge 
on the smugglers 

Summer is the season of 
frontier warfare in ihe War- 
saw Pact and this year ihe 
skirmishing is particularly 

With the zeal of their 
breed, customs officers in 
Romania and Czechoslovak- 
ia have been opening cases, 
unscrewing bonnets and dis- 
mantling tooth paste tubes in 
an effort to stop cross border 
black marketeering by other 
Soviet Bloc tourists. 

The following scene was 
recently reported in the Pol- 
ish press. A Polish mother 
passing through a Czecho- 
slovak customs control was 
ordered to lake off her son's 
shoes saying that no child- 
ren's footwear was allowed 
out of Czechoslovakia. The 
child screamed, obviously 
not understanding the strange 
habits of adults. Somebody 
lent the mother a pair of old 
slippers so that the child 
would not have to walk home 
in his socks. Polish customs 
officers working in the same 
shed watched the scene word- 
lessly. They waited until a 
Czech car arrived from Po- 
land with brand new tyres 
that had undoubtedly been 
bought in Poland, asked po- 
litely how much the tyres had 
cost and when the driver 
failed to supply a satisfactory 
explanation, they removed 
the tyres and propped up the 
car on the Polish side of the 

And these are allies? Tour- 
ists. travelling to other east 
European countries, often 
have to pul up with very tight 
currency restrictions. They 
therefore do a bit of business 
on the side. East Germans 
take bicycles to Hungary, 
Poles lake jeans lo the Soviet 
Union. Hungarians take cof- 
fee to Poland and everybody 
takes Kent cigarettes to 
Romania, and somehow 
summer holidays become 
more affordable. This year 
there has been a crackdown 
and the main victims seem to 
be Poles, partly because they 
are the most business- 
minded tourists, partly be- 
cause it is easier for them to 

The Hungarians are de- 
manding that Polish tourists 
show that they have a certain 
amount of currency for each 

person per day when m 
transit and the Czecho- 
slovaks want each Pole to 
draw up a written list of ail 
valuable objects. Bui what is 
valuable? The terms are kept 
deliberately elastic: radios, 
tape-recorders, cameras, elec- 
tric shavers, even expensive 
looking l3cy underwear have 
come under suspicion. 

What comes in, must go 
out there must be no back 
street dealing. 

East Germany has always 
been tough on Polish tourists. 
This is mainly because of ihe 
large number of Polish 
“gasiarbeiter" in East Ger- 
many and the relative ease 
with which Poles can travel to 
West Berlin. 

Tourists, but also black 
market speculators, come 
back loaded with fruit, choc- 
olate and clothing that can 
later be sold profitably in 

From East Berlin to ihe 
Polish border is a very short 
trip but the East German 
baggage checks give it the air 
of a journey into the heart of 
the dark conti nenL 

Romania, however, has 
gone the funhest. Tourists 
have to pay a large dollars 
surety on all valuables taken 
into the country. 

It is a fact that the black 
market on the communist 
seaside, above all in Romania 
and Bulgaria, enjoys a boom 
in ihe summer. But the main 
effect of the crackdown is io 
pauperize ordinary tourists 
rather than hit at the bijtiime 
dealers. The real profiteer* 
are crooked money changers 
who travel to Bulgarian re- 
sorts to fleece West Germans, 
and hard currency prostitutes 
who travel from W arsaw and 
East Berlin to work the beach 
hotels of the Black Sea. It is 
almost impossible to slop this 

Polish customs officers can 
work off some of the national 
frustration by being extra- 
vigilant against Yugoslavs 
who. in a disturbing com- 
ment on the slate of the 
native economy, have dis- 
covered that buying cheap in 
Poland and selling dear ai 
home can produce a tidy 

Roger Boyes 

<£Mue sky: be btue sky and cloud: c- 
ctoudy: o-overcast r-fog; d-druzte: h 
hall: nust-mtei: r-ratn: 3- snow, th- 
Ihunderslorm: p- ah owera- 
Arrowi show wind direction, wind 
sprrd im wi) circled. Temperature 

WUnn nw Hiei 
Ude meastsad i 


6.4 144 6.4 

34 ITS 44 

115 7.18 112 

3.2 10.56 35 
10.7 7.03 1U 

4 8 5.55 92 
6.0 11-20 62 

4.5 545 5.0 

1222 4.1 

34 1143 3J 

5.1 1022 55 

57 632 65 

6.1 501 85 

5.0 244 52 

8.6 11-20 51 

23 9.40 23 


62 6.16 67 
6 3 5.08 67 

24 6.09 28 

4.0 454 53 

1.7 7.0* 21 
42 1128 44 

5.7 11.17 59 

42 10.5 1 42 
85 6.22 90 
4.9 243 5.1 

32 1124 4.:1 


Around Britain 


;!iv •• 

r. 1 > 



toil 1 

Sun Ram 
las to 

C F 


x SB (8 64 cloudy 

72 .18 17 63 sh ower s 

102 - 21 70 sunny 

102 - 23 73 sunny 

112 - 23 73 sumy 

x - 23 73 bright 

9.7 28 16 61 W»» 
7.1 .13 IS 61 bright 

Sun rises: Sunsets: 
550am 8.18pm 

n Moon sots Moon rises 
3.17 am 820 pm 
Full moon tomonow 


9-3 - 19 68 

8L9 - 19 66 

92 - 18 64 

72 - 18 64 

_ 1014 - 19 66 

UMe hm ntoi 109 - 20 68 

Bovorft 112 SB 18 64 

115 - 19 66 

11.4 - 19 66 










BbummBi 122 - 19 68 Sunny CBrthta 

Uwdoa - 22 
Btiam Afept 82 - 18 

Bristol (CM) 7.3 - 18 

CordM (Ctrl) 6.7 .01 17 
Aagtoeoy 52 .05 17 
Ppoof AApt g.o .03 17 
MBdwstBr 42 .09 16 
No tti npbea 7.9 - 18 

PTcfl-D-Tyao 22 • 17 

2-1 29 >5 

72 tunny 
64 brig« 
64 sunny 
63 showert 


S3 show** 
61 8hoo4f» 

64 sunny 
83 stmnara 
59 BlRHMto 


Ughtuig-np time 

115 - 18 64 sumy 

11.7 • 17 63 sunny 

85 - 19 66 sunny 

Traguno uth 92 . 20 68 sunny 

FaknouSh 92 51 17 63 sumy 


London 8.48 pm (o 522 am 
Bristol 027jxn to 522 am . 
Edtoburgb9.l3pnto52i am 
Manchester 9£2 pm to 525 am 
Penzance 9 06 pm to 547 am 

02 23 19 86 

s a 


ScByMM 12.1 - 17 63 sumy 


4.1 158 15 59 showed | 
55 20 16 61 showtn , 
55 .76 17 63 itneto 
7.4 54 15 59 Thonsn i 
0.1 55 12 54 AA - 

55 1.17 14 57 entodor f 
25 .18 12. 54 \ 

1.1 55 14 57 ran 

45 .17 16 61 W 

StAndnm 45 .14 17 63 show*’ 


Tlwsa am Saturday's figures 



Tempera fixes at mxttay yesterday, e, 
doud: f. fair: r. rain: 6. sun. 


Bdfnt c 14 57 Guernsey 11763 
B'rmgham c 17 63 Inverness e 1355 
BsckpotK 11661 Joraoy >2068 
Bristol czoes London C2068 
canim c 1564 imciNter si66i 
Edinburgh C 1661 Newcsstto c 1763 
Glasgow f 1763 ernktoway f 1559 

MDOAY: c. doud: d. (State; t. lam log; r. rate; s. Am 3n. snow, t Itumdor. 







Our address 



Lnforrrmnon for inclusion In The 
Times information servic e should be 
mil lo:The Editor. I Its. The Times. 
PO Bow 7. 1 Virginia Street. London. 
El 9XN. 

T986 Primed by London Post rPnm 
ersi Limited of 1 Virginia Street. 
London Ei 9XN. Monday. August l& 
i960 Pc<ri»tered a® a newspaper at 
foe Posl Office. 







Cairo ' 

Cape To 




C F 
S 29 84 
S 29 64 
f 29 84 
S 34 93 
t 17 63 
s 32 90 
S 37 99 
s 29 84 
S 28 82 
f 29 64 
S 31 88 
S 21 70 
S 29 84 
I 24 75 
s 26 79 

I 19 68 
S 29 84 
0 10 50 
« 33 91 
0 17 63 
S 24 75 

s 10 50 








Hong K 



L Angels* 


S 31 B8 NMte 
f .16 81 Mevma 
s 28 82 Mexico C* 
s £3 73 Mtonf* 
s 32 90 Mian 
24 75 Montreal* 

I 25 77 Moscow 
s 30 86 Munkte 
s 29 64 Nairobi 


: I £!£■*- 

s 37 99 Oslo 
* £> reports 
C 30 86 Pairing 
c 28 82 Perth 

C F 
8 29 84 
* 34 S3 
t 30 88 
1 13 55 

n ?? 72 Prague 
79 ReyktvU' 


8 23 73 RledeJ 
S 29 84 Riyadh. 

s 30 86 
t 25 77 
t 14 57 
s 23 73 

d 31 88 
> 31 88 
c 26 79 
S 27 81 
f 17 63 
C 23 73 

t 17 83 
e 12 54 
s 30 86 
3 23 77 
8 42108 









Sydne y 



' C F 

S 29 84 
( 20 « 
e 17 S 

C 11 £ 

C 19 « 

0 25 7t 

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«k‘ 1 ‘ • 

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Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 


FT 30 Share 
1271.0 (+53.6) 

FT-SE 100 
1601.9 (+75.2) 


USM (Datastream) 



' US Dollar 
1.4945 (+0.0200) 

W German mark 

3.0802 (+0.0280) 

Trade- weighted 

71.7 (+0.8) 

at Chloride 

The Chloride shareholders 
action group sprang to the 
attack yesterday after reports 
that the company is dose to 
selling its controlling stake in 
Chloride India. 

Dr Maurice Gfllibrand, the 
chairman of the group and -a 
former Chloride research 
■ chief said: “The jewel in the 
crown of Chloride should not 
be sold without the full 
endorsement of shareholders 
at an extraordinary general I 
meeting. i 

**We are very anxious that 
shareholders should have a 
full disclosure of fern about 
any disposal." 

Dr Gfllibrand las been a 
persistent critic of the 
company's management but 
last month failed to obtain a 
seat on the board. 

Cast year Chloride made 
pretax profits of £0.5 million 
and reduced its net borrow: 
bigs to £25 million. 

‘Historic’ cut 
in US taxes 

The most radical overhaul 
of the United States tricorne 
tax system in a generation has 
cleared a House and Senate 
tax conference committee, 
and was sent on for expected 
passage by Congress next 

The ‘ committee approved 
legislation making thousands 
of changes in income tax law. 
The legislation aits income 
tax rates for individuals and 
corporations to their lowest 
since the Second World War, 
and takes about six nuQfon 
working poor off the tax rolls.. 

President Reagan, on holi- 
day at Santa Barbara. Califor- 
nia, described the reform as 
"an historic achievement.” 



Malawi yesterday devalued 
by 10 percent its currency, the 
Kwacha, which is pegged 
against a basket of western 
currencies. It said the move 
was a bid to keep exports of 
tea, sugar and conee compet- 
itive on the world markets. 

Tesco wins 

Tesco Stores has won a 
planning appeal to build a 
75,000 sq ft superstore at 
Hatfield, Hertfordshire. A 
Tesco outlet, there will be 
closed but the new store, 
expected to employ 400 peo- 
ple. will bring a net gain of 270 

Bank aid 

US federal regulators an- 
nounced a $130 million (£87 
million) financial programme 
for Bank of Oklahoma. 

Oil price ‘should 
stay at $15 for 
next 18 months’ 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

The world oil prices should 
be sustained at the $ 1 5 a barrel 
level for the next 18 months as 
members of the 
Organizationof Petroleum 
Exporting Countries absorb 
the effect of their price war on 
.their current account deficits, 
according to die latest world 
investment review by Philips 
& Drew, the broker. 

. The review says that the 
Opec accord- appears to be 
solidly based, and that the past 
month's evidence suggests 
that the Arab Gulf producers 
have tacitly abandoned ibeir 
strategy of raising market 
share at all costs. 

“Thai strategy may weD be 
seen by. the Gulf states as too 
dangerous, both politically 
and financially," says Philips 
& Drew. . 

“At the same time the other 
Opec members, after their 
1986 nightmare, now seem to 
be be in the mood to make 
whatever sacrifices are needed 
to restore order to the oil 
market. Thus there is a good 
chance that further arrange- 
ments will be made to curb 
Opec output after the present 
accord expires at the end of 

“The accord came when 
almost all participants in the 
oil market were agreed that a 
fun her collapse in oD prices 
would be in no one's interest." 

Philips & Drew adds: “The 

oil producers were suffering. 
The Opec current account 
deficit is likely to widen from 
513 billion in 1985 lo $55 
billion this year. A weaker 
price profile would result in an 
even more disastrous 
deterioration in Opec’s collec- 
tive current account. 

"Industrial countries like 
Germany and Japan, seem- 
ingly the major beneficiaries 
ofloweroTl prices; found their 
export industries threatened 
by a falling US dollar, itself 
induced in part by lower oil 
prices, and by dislocations to 
trade in oil producing 

The: British oil exploration 
industry has been moire badly 
hit by the fell in oil prices than 
its European counterparts, 
according to a survey by 
Cline, the indepen- 
mdustry consultancy. 

Its figures show that 
exploration, development and 
appraisal drilling in Britain 
each fell by 33 per cent in the 
second quarter of this year 
compared - with the 
corresponding period last 

In Norway exploration 
drilling fell by 25 per cent, but 
development drilling in- 
creased, while there was a . 
surge of exploration drilling in 
the Netherlands and Ireland. 

-Mr Geoff Cull, managing 
director of Gaffney Cline's 

European operations, said: 
“The downturn in drilling 
activity offshore the UK was 
not unexpected. The majority 
of companies operating in the 
North Sea have announced 
-severe budget cuts and the 
only uncertainty was the geo- 
graphical regions in which 
these cuts would be most 

“It is significant that 
exploration drilling cuts are 
evident in the more hostile 
areas of the continental shelf 
rather than in areas of 
comparatively shallow water 
such as the Netherlands. 

“it is too early to say if the 
decline in Britain will con- 
tinue or if the derisions taken 
at the meeting of Opec will 
affect activity in the short 

Exploration drilling at 
present is being carried out 
with a view to production in 
the next decade, according to 
the Department , of Energy in 
the 10th licensing round 

Mr Cull added: “This feet 
will undoubtedly encourage 
companies with sufficient 
cash flow to maintain explora- 
tion drilling programmes in 
the near future. 

“Another positive aspect of 
the development of the UK oil 
and gas reserves is that there is 
now more gas under develop- 
ment than since the end of 

Awaiting the tourists: Alan Good enough in Manchester. (Photograph: Mike Arran) 

‘Smokestack’ cities beckon 
the adventurous tourist 

Rolls and BA face Elders bid 
criticism from US decision 

By Our Industrial Staff on way 

RoBs-Royce and British prevent it offering its own c ~„ 

Airwavs. which are to follow enaines if thev were in the *** u ® r Lli y ° CM1 

RoBs-Royce and British 
Airways, which are to follow 
British Gas into the public 
sector and raise more than £1 
-billion for the Treasury, are 
expected to shrug-off adverse 
comments from the .United 
States and. continue their drive 
towards profitability, . . 

The engine maker is ex- 
pected to be, criticized by 
General Electric, its American 
partner in -a ..joint .engine 
project, for offering a compet- 
itive engine for use in the 
Boeing 747s ordered by Brit- 
ish Airways las ft week. 

GE had offered as an alter- 
native the engine it is jointly 
developing with Rolls-Royce 
and is reported to be annoyed 
that Rolls-Royce has uprated 
one of its own designs to 
compete with the new engine. 

The RoUs-Roycer says its 
agreement was not to compete 
with engines of the same 
physical size as the joint 
project, but that did not 

prevent it offering its own 
engines if they were in the 
same power band. 

Rolls-Royce has said that ft 
sees no reason why GE should 
be upset and no reason why 
the joint project should be 

-However, in the United 
Slates there is a feeling that . 
Rolls won the- £600 million I 
order from British Airways 
because of Government , 
interference. % • 

Although British Airways is < 
due to reveal pretax profits for I 
the first quarter Of the present 
financial year, which wiD 
show revenue more than 
halved compared to the same 
period last year, its long-term 
prospects and its announce- 
ment to renew its fleet of 747s 
are expected to create a more 
favourable dimate for its 

The BA order also makes it 
likely that-Rolls will come to 
the stock market at about the 
same -lime. 

Chinese funding changes 

By Our City staff 

The Chinese Government is 
proposing to improve the 
funding of joint ventures; the 
official Xinh ua news agency 
said at the weekend. 

From next year funding for 
Si no-foreign ventures will be 
incorporated into the national 
credit plan and the options for 
obtaining credit will be 

The Bank of China vice 
president, Yang Huiqiu, said 
that the central bank will be 
able to grant special or tem- 
porary credit or use current 

deposit overdrafts, foreign 
trade credit and long and 
medium-term loans for for- 
eign enterprises.Priority 
would be given to projects 
which import technology, ex- ! 
pon products or substitute 
Chinese goods for imports. 

One of the biggest US 
manufacturing investments in 
C hina, the $50 million Peking 
Jeep Corporation plant, has 
been shut down fra* the past 
two months because of a lack 
of foreign exchange to import 

Both Elders IXL nod AHfcd- 
Lyons yesterday expressed 
surprise at reports that Mr 
Pan! Chanson, the Secretary 
of State for Trade and In- 
dustry, will this week give his 
decision on the Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission re-' 
port into Elders £1.8 bfllion ; 

Mr Christopher Roshler, at 
H01 Samuel, Elders merchant 
bank advisors, said he would 
net expect the decision for at 
least another week, - 

He added: “We have had no 
indication yet" Mr John El- 
liott chairman of Elders, is 
i not expected in Britain until 
! the beginning of next month. 

The Commission's report i 
was delivered to Mr 
Chaunoo's office this month 
and is widely believed to give 
the bid for Allied-Lyons the 
go-ahead although it is as- 
sumed that conditions will be 
included relating to the 

financing . 

It was the highly geared 
debt-financing aspect of the 
proposed takeover which led 
to foe referral. 

Mr John Denies, finance 
director at Allied-Lyons, said 
he would be snrptsed at such a 
quick announcement. 

AlUed-Lyons shares last 
week gained 28p to 335p, well 
up on the 255p value of the 
first bid. 

In Canada, the coot hear- 
ings which will deride the 
outcome of Allied-Lyons battle 
to acquire the liquor business 
of Hiram- Walker are dne to 
start on September 29 and win 
last at least two weeks. 

Pteasurama, the fast-grow- 
ing leisure group which is now 
one of Britain's top six pack- 
age holiday companies, is 
joining a marketing con- 
sortium which in the autumn 
will break new ground in 
promoting packaged English 

A brochure launch to attract 
tourists to 13 cities, most of 
them at the heart of conurba- 
tions best known for their 
“smokestack" industries, is 
planned for the end of next 
month by the group. 

While all the dtks have 
some industrial background, 
the attractions which mil be 
promoted range from concerts 
and theatre to shopping as 
well as their heritage, all 
aimed at prompting holiday- 
makers to sample places 
which until now they would 
seldom have considered for a 
leisure break. 

Mr Alan Goodenough, 
managing director of 
Pleasanuna's holidays di- 
vision, said: "The unusual 
nature of this venture appears 

Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

to present a problem to a tour 
operator, but it could be 
precisely that which will prove 
the endearing feature of it, 
attracting people by its 

One destination is Man- 
chester, which wiD be pro- 
moted largely on its industrial 
heritage, exploring its cotton 
and wearing traditions. 

The consortium, called the 
English Cities Marketing 
Group, is an unusual depar- 
ture for the British tourist 
industry which, despite losing 
so much trade to the increas- 
ingly popular foreign package 
holidays, has seen few at- 
tempts at collaborative 
marketing among resorts and 
nothing on the scale of the new 

The English Tourist Board 
has switched cash resources 
from smne projects to back the 
consortium, matching the 
cities' contributions pound for 
pound. Total funding for the 
marketing push at present 
stands at £250,000, but the 

number of participating cities 
could grow. 

The consortium includes 
Birmingham, Bradford, Cov- 
entry, Leeds, Leicester, Liver- 
pool, Newcastle upon Tyne, 
Nottingham, Plymouth, Ports- 
mouth, Southampton and 
Stoke-on-Trent. Sheffield and 
Hull are other likely can- 

The cities' programme will 
cater for travel by coach, rail 
and independently by car. 
Prices, based mi using some of 
the big chain hotels in the 
three and four-star category, 
will (excluding travel) begin at 
£19 a night. Including foil 
breakfast, and the main target 
will be the short stay market. 

The initiative has been wel- 
comed by Lord Young, Sec- 
retary of State for 
Employment, because of its 
potential for job creation and 
producing economic benefits 
in areas away frmn established 
tourism destinations. 

He believes that a flourish- 
ing tourism industry in a city 
means better leisure facilities. 

Cut-price cement rejected 

The precast concrete in- 
dustry has rejected 1 million 
tonnes of cut-price Greek 
cement, reportedly en route lo 

Several shipments of ce- 
ment have been sent by 
Greece to Britain and brokers 
have been attempting to find 
customers by undercutting 
British cement prices. Greece 
can offer cheap cement be- 

South Korea 
to cut debt 

South Korea's outstanding 
foreign debt was S46.S billion 
at the end of April against 
$46.7 billion at the end of 
1985. It now plans to reduce 
substantially the $48.1 billion 
target for foreign borrowing by 
the end of the year, according 
to government sources. 

The new figures have led to 
many economists saying that 
the revised projection for a 9 
per cent growth in the econ- 
omy is too conservative. 

By Out Industrial Staff 

cause its works have been 
using cheap coal, often from 
South Africa, to fire the kilns. 

The big cement users, how- 
ever. have doubts about the 
quality of the cement. 

Mr Geoff Brigginshaw, 
chairman of the Precast Con- 
crete Frame Association said: 
“We have absolutely no inten- 
tion of putting our products at 
risk by using anything other 

than proven British cement 
The association has a strong 
commitment to the principles 
and practices of quality 

“We have an' excellent 
relationship with British ce- 
ment manufacturers whose 
products have proven quality 
and durability, and who can 
guarantee consistency of 

New fears 
on Brazil’s 

By Richard Lander 

The international coffee 
markets are on full alert this 
week as they await a new 
estimate of the drought-dam- 
aged crop in Brazil, foe 
world's biggest producing 

Fears about the state of foe 
Brazilian crop, which have 
waxed and waned over foe 
past few months, were raised 
again by Friday’s Reuters 
report in which Senhor Paulo 
Graciano. president of foe 
Brazilian Coffee Institute, was 
reported as saving foal 
drought damage was much 
bigger than previously 

Senhor Graciano. who had 
just returned from a tour of 
the country ’s growing regions, 
declined to estimate foe sizcot 
the 1986-87 crop, but he said 
that it would be lower than foe 
May estimate of 14.7 million 

The new forecast is ex- 
pected to be made this week, 
after which Senhor Graciano 
will decide whether Brazil will 
change its plans to export 14 
million bags this year. He also 
indicated thaL next year's har- 
vest is likely to be affected. 

The report had an immedi- 
ate effect on the coffee mar- 
kets. sending London 
November future prices £90 
higher to £1.900 a tonne. The 
rally continued in New York, 
where December coffee rose 
more than S cents at one stage 
to 1 76.50 amts a lb. 

Analysts expect further 
gains this week as speculators 
who sold coffee short seek to 
cover their commitments, and 
other investors return to the 
market after sitting on the 
sidelines in the absence of 
firm news from Brazil. “The 
fact that Graciano gave no 
figures on the crop will keep 
people interested." said Mr 
Paul Prescott, of the Drexel 
Burnham Lambert trading 
house in London. 

pay deal for 

By Our Industrial Staff 

A new foree-vear wage and 
working agreement has just 
been signed between foe Brit- 
ish Exhibition Contractors 
Association and the trade 
unions in the industry. 

It is seen as a move to dispel 
suggestions that our ex- 
hibitions are still dogged by a 
poor industrial relations 
record, leading to organisers 
choosing foreign venues for 
traditional British exhibitions. 

The Association said: 
“Both foe increased com- 
petition from overseas con- 
tractors and foe moving of 
UK exhibitions to foreign 
venues have been based — so it 
is claimed — on the unstable 
relationship between employ- 
ers and foe unions. This claim 
is totally false. 

Rocco Forte looks overseas for growth 

By Cliff Feltham 

Even foe heir to one of foe 
largest hotel and catering 
empires in foe world does not 
spend £200 million every day. 

Bet foe champagne corks 
stayed firmly corked when. Mr 
Rocco- Forte completed his 
first major deal since taking 
over as chief executive of 
Trosthonse. Forte force years 

In foe face of stiff com- 
petition, be successfully bid 
for an assortment of roadside 
restaurants, inns, and hotels 
from Hanson Trust represent- 
ing part of the Imperial Group 

But Mr Forte maintains a 
matter-of-fact air about the 
deal and plays down the 
impression that the ac- 
quisition marks the start of a 
new aggressive ’era at 
Trusfooase Forte. 

; “There has been no big 
change in the way foe business 
is ran. It is more of a 
transition," be says. But he 
added quickly: “Of course, I 
was pleased the deal went 
through because it broadens 
our horizons. Also, because I 
think some people outside may 
have felt that we were not quite, 
as active as we might have 
been, this acquisition has cer- 
tainly improved our image." 

He has a hard act to follow. 
City folk still talk in awe of the 

famous deal polled off by his 
lather 10 years ago when he 
paid £27 million to foe cash 
hungry' JXyons group for 35 
hotels and promptly recouped 
£11 million within a year by 
cutting costs. 

But - Rocco knows that 
opportunities like that occur 
once in a lifetime. And he is 
well aware that, much like the 
way football dobs mark np foe 
cost of a player for sale when 
foe big dubs show interest, foe 
price usually goes up when 
Trustbouse Forte arrives on 
the scene. 

But Rocco at 41 has foe 
advantage of teaming the 
trade at first hand from one of 
the masters. He frankly ad- 
mits that be seeks foe advice 
of Lord Forte on lots of things. 

“We see a lot of each other, 
inside and ontside the office. 
He still remains intensely 
interested in foe business, 
every part of it. There is no 
great difference in our outlook 
or philosophy." 

They will have certainly put 
their heads together this year 
to consider the impact of foe 
sharp fon in the number of 
American tourists which cost 
Trustbouse Forte between £4 
million and £5 million in foe 
opening half. 

Rocco admits the drop in 
room bookings caused by 

Rocco Forte: still asks his 
father for advice. 

cancellations . following the 
■Libya raid was bod. Bat he 
points out that the decline 
looked worse because of the 
exceptional summer m 1985. 
Compared with 1984 the 
performance was not too bad. 
And things are getting better. 

Rocco has been groomed to 
succeed his father since he 
first worked hi foe business as 
a teenager. There were times 
when be wondered if foe 
dynasty would survive; as he 
worked alongside his father to 
stave off a takeover bid from 
Allied Breweries (now Allied- 

Lyons) in 1971, living through 
the desperate days when the 
family put everything in hock 
to raise enough cash to boy 

their own shares and keep 
them out of foe enemy's hands. 

Bat it is to foe younger 
generation that foe future 
development of foe business 
now rests. 

Rocco has clear ideas of 
where he wants to direct 
Trustbouse Forte - If it is to be 
a truly multi-national hotel 
company then it must generate 
a greater proportion of its 
profits from overseas. 

He says : "A national group 
of hotels will not succeed 
against major international 
chains unless it has a wide 
spread of properties giving it a 
better distribution so that ft is 
less prone to difficulties hi any 
one area." 

■The .United States remains 
the obvious target and Rocco is 
focusing on building up the 
TraveLodge motel chain, hiv- 
ing off some of the better 
outlets into the more up mar- 
ket Viscounts “to help gel foe 
Trust house Forte name more 
recognised throng hoot the 
States." The plan .is to in- 
crease the 2,500 rooms at 
present to 4,000 by the end of 
the year but foe market re- 
mains h uge . 

At home, foe group has been 
unloading its hotels at the 

bottom end of the market “We 
don't want any hotels below 
three-star in the future," says 

He is also pushing ahead 
with plans to build family 
priced accommodation next to 
the Little Chef roadside res- 
taurants. He has 250 Little 
Chefs and sees scope for 
1 , 000 . 

Another idea bring exam- 
ined is breaking into the high 
street, perhaps through 
expanding foe Julie’s Panfry 
outlets while the acquisition of 
the 87 Imperial taverns from 
Hanson - trading under the 
Harvesters and Falstaff ban- 
ner -may be used to attack foe 
Berni steak bar market 

Rocco remains Him on one 
issue. Trustbouse Forte has no 
intention of letting foe Savoy 
off the book. It still thinks ft 
can do a better job than foe 
present management and re- 
jects the notion that foe Forte 
family has been motivated by 
emotion rather than commer- 
cial logic in pursuing its goal 
so relentlessly. 

“My father has gone into 
this on sound business rea- 
sons. If there are emotional 
reasons they are in seeing one 
of foe country's finest assets 
being slowly allowed to 
distingrate. We went into foe 
Savoy because foe group is foe 
one remaining first class hotel 
business left in the world. We 
could do so much with the 
name, and improve its 

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( analysis; 

The number of 
businessmen reading 
TheTimes has just 
gone through the roof. 

The Businessman Readership Survey for 1986 says ... 

42.4% more businessmen read The Times now than 
used to read it in 1 984 . . . 

The Times and The Sunday Times together reaches 
41.2% of all businessmen ... 

More than The Daily Telegraph and The Financial 
Times combined . 

43.3% of Chairmen, Managing Directors, and Deputy 
Managing Directors now read The Times or The Sunday 
Times ... 

More than The Daily Telegraph and The Financial 
Times combined ... 

In total , 337,000 businessmen read either The Times 
or The Sunday Times or both. 


Unit trust capitalism 
soars in popularity 

By Carol Ferguson 

The concept of popular 
capitalism is bu3i on the 
premise that the world is full 
*of individuals ready 1o follow 
hot tips and invest directly in 
stocks and shares. 

While it is undoubtedly the 
case that the private share- 
holder is making something 
of a comdback after years or 
decline, direct investment in 
the stock market is still very 
much a minority sport. A 
recent Stock Exchange survey 
estimated that 12 per cent of 
the adult population (5 mil- 
lion) are Shareholders. 

It is also rather an 
upmarket activity. 42 per 
cent fall into social grades A 
or B (senior white-collar 
workers, professionals and 
managers), a group Much 
comprises only 17 per cent of 
the population as a whole. 
Shareholders are also more 
likely to men (58 per cent) 
and middle aged or elderly 
(43 per cent are aged 55 or 

While it is true that direct 
investment in shares is grow- 
ing in popularity, of at least 
equal significance has been 
the recent burgeoning of the 
unit trust movement 
Unit trust investment 
tends on the whole to be 
short-term money. It is part 
of the folklore that private 
investors pile into the market 
at the top and bail out at the 
bottom. And this has been 
especially true of unit trust 

Unit trust sales have been 
growing at an average rate of 
50 per cent a year since 1981. 
Life and pension funds in 
contrast have been growing at 
only 4 per cent a year and 
building society net inflows 
have been growing at 18 per 

This extraordinary rise in 
the popularity of unit trusts 
accelerated in the first half of 
this year. Net sales in the six 
months to June 30 were £ 2. 5 
billion, nearly equal to the 
whole ofl 985*5 sales. 

It is not dear how many 
individuals own unit trusts. 
There are 3 million unit trust 
accounts, but many holders 
have more than one account 

Unit Trusts and 
a® on BuHdlng Societies compared 

■ UnK Trusts net sales 

□ BuBcBng Societies 
net inflows 






1981 1982 

Sowoe wood itadmn 

1385 Smthsto 

' June 1986 

Unit Trusts 

Institutional cash flow 

1985 £19 bimofi 

General insurance 
6 % 

1981 £15bHlion 
General Insurance 

Unit Trusts 
12 % 

Life and Pension 

Life and Pension 

Some- Wood MaOenztt 


The Unit Trust Associ- 
ation estimates that there are 
probably around 1 million 
individual holders, of which 
75 per cent are male and 70 
per cent are over 55. 

Much of the new unit trust 
investment has been at the 
expense of the building soci- 
eties. which have been losing 
a lot of their appeal as interest 
rates have come down. Mr 
Fenn-Smrtiv chairman of the 
Unit Trust Association re- 
ported that in both May and 
June unit trust net new 
investment figures exceeded 
building society net receipts. 

However, much of the 
growth has been due to efforts 
of the life insurance com- 
panies who have been active 
in selling unit trusts, both in 
the foiro of unit-linked bonds 
and as direct investments. 

Abolition of tax relief on 
premiums on life assurance 
policies (LAPR) in 1984 and 
the consequent decline in the 
attractions of endowment 
policies forced the insurance 
companies to devise new 
products to offer their clients. 

The rising, stock market 
made unit trusts a dear 
favourite and many of those 
who would traditionally have 
bought endowment policies 
now prefer to buy unit-linked 
products or even straight 

And the insurance com- 
panies themselves have seen 
their in-house unit trusts as 
good investments for their 
own fends as an alternative 
to shares. There can be tax 
advantages in investing pre- 
mium income from endow- 
ment policies, which would 
traditionally have been in- 
vested directly in shares, into 
a unit trusts vehicle instead. 

Of £7-5 billion of net unit 
trust sales in 1985, an es- 
timated £1-3 billion was 
linked to life arid pension 
business leaving £12 billion, 
as direct holdings. While no 
figures are available, it is 
likely that the single pre- 
mium unit-linked bond, 
which can be withdrawn as 
easily as a direct holding, 
forms only a small propor- 
tion. The bulk is contractual 

savings and insurance com- 
pany investments in in-house 
trusts. . . 

Mr Richard Dmgwail- 
Smith. economist at Wood 
Mackenzie. the 

broker.belicves that fuelling 
the equity market with 
shorter term savings in the 
form of unit trusts isa slightly 
worrying trend. 

“Unit-linked business may 
be closer to the 
Government’s idea of 
people’s capitalism," he says. 
“But reliance on short-term 
inflows does leave the equity 
market vulnerable to any 
downturn - in popular 

But if it is the case that a 
significant proportion of new 
sales are to insurance com- 
panies, and a large proportion 
is linked to contractual sav- 
ings, then the weight of short- 
term money waiting to flee 
the market, exacerbating a 
downturn, may not be as 
great as the bare figures 
would imply. 

What is dear is that unit 
trust sales of one sort or 
another have to some extent 
been sustaining institutional 
cash flow and demand for 
securities. In so far as de- 
mand for units is the result of 
contractual savings and 
insurance companies' own 
investment, it will remain a 
force. To the extent that it is 
short-term private money, it 
will grow only for as long as 
the stock market is strong: 

Mr Nathan Parnaby, 
investment manager at the 
Standard Life, is positive 
about the outlook for the 
equity market. He believes 
that it will make significant 
progress in the next six 

But next year, after big 
bang, there will be plenty of 
competing banks, building 
societies, unit trust managers 
and other financial inter- 
mediaries able to compete 
with the insurance com- 
panies, cold calling on the 
doorstep to sell their wares. 
They must hope that there 
will continue to be a big 
appetite on the part of the 
public for direct unit trust 

Pension cash flows become a trickle 

The rate of gro w th of life 
id pension cash flow, has 
slowed dramatically. Between 
1981 and 1985, itrose by only 
4 per cent a year from £13.2 
btflioD to £15.4 bflfioo. This 
; been - doe to various 
factors, mdudmg die abo- 
lition of LAPS, reducing the 
attractions of endowment 
assurance, and the strong 
performance of the equity 
market which has caused 
many pension schemes to be 

The Government Introduced 
measures in die last Badge! to 
ensure that pension fund sur- 
pluses were reduced. Bat dm 

pensions industry had afready 
started to reduce contributions 
and Increase benefits to 
p ens i on e rs. Otherwise,, it is 
believed, the life ' companies* 
1985 cash flows tjrnM': have; 
been as much as £1.5 MDioa • 
higher than they were. 

In the last 20 years, indeed 
over any extended period,, 
equities hare risen at about 5 
per cent a year over the rate of 
inflation. Actuaries set the 
level of cootribntians depend- 
ing on the outlook for hrflation 
and different types of invest- 

Daring die years of 
inflation in the late 1971 

equities grew more slowly than 
inflation. Negative real rates 
of retina meant that pension 
fond contributions had to be 
Jacked up, and the life 
! companies’ net inflows rose to 
as mochas 25 per cent offhbds. 
under management. 

Low inflation and a strong 
equity market have caused the 
rate of inflow to fell to only 6 
per cent of . funds under 
management, not much more 
than die yield on die insurance 
companies* portfolios. 

Net inflows are like to stay 
down for some time, not least 
because- actuaries are now 

making -more optimistic 
assumptions about fixture rates 
of return. - - 

According to * Mr. Jim 
McCaughan, who is 
an actuary and fund manager 
at Phillips & Drew Fond 
Management, ac- 

tuaries are now looking at 
ratesofretmuofl te 3 per cent 
over prices c om p ar ed with 0 to 1 
per cent in the late 1970s. ; 

The physical manifestation 
of this is the number of 
companies announcing 
contribution holidays or re- 
duced contributions, and m- 
. creased benefits. 




N York 1.4910-1.4972 
Montreal £0737-1.0811 


Brussels 6309-6409 
CptaBn 115593-11.640 
DubSn 1.1099-1.1161 
I BBi*furt3L07354L0938 
Lisbon 21 7.38-21 9J1 
Madrid 19962-201.46 
Milan 21 17. 00-21 29 J50 
Oslo 103607-11.0106 
Paris 100063-100628 
SrWrim 103962-100718 
Tokyo 22902-23002 
Vienna 21.7CK21.78 
Zurich 24782-2.4931 





110503-11 0835 



1 9904-20920 




229-78-230.1 B 

21 .70-21.74 

047-044 pram 








39-71 Cta 



2K-2Xp re® 


1 K-%prara 









Storing index cornpmdvtth 1975 am up at 71.7 (day's rang* 71 .7-710). 



. Argentina austral* 
Australia dotor _ 
Bahrain dinar —— 
Brazil cruzado " — 



. 14858-14414 



Greece drachma - 
Hong Kong rioter . 

India rupee 


KuwahdbnrKQ _ 
Malaysia rioter — 
Mexico peso 

— 072754X7375 

— 70480-70880 
_ 18905-20106 



. 2.1570-2.1560 


. 043204X49^0 

New Zeatond dollar 
Saudi Arabia riyte 
Singapore doBar. 
South Africa rand 
U A E dirham __ 
•Lloyds Bank 

I 30800-30400 
960-00-101000 I 
| 30310-30454 
5580050200 I 
[ 3.2264-32301 

Sw eden 



West Germany 

Sw itzer la nd 


1 10890-10895 
. 6015060250 

96000-1 Oi CLOO japan 

tr 3031000454 Italy- 

6060066200 BelgiumCComm) 

ESC 9 

Austria . 

. 6.70004X7059 
15305-1 5385 

— 4205-4270 

— 1448-1400 

natoa s u p p te rf by Hm cla y s Ba nk HOREX end Exist. 


Clearing Banks 10 
Finance House 10 

Dternunt Market I nw % ’ 
: 9* LOW 8% 

S eing 


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2 mntft g> 

3 mom 9V 

Prime Bank BMa t 

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Smntfi 4%-4% ' 

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7 days 7X-7 
Swiss Franc 
7 days IK-1* 
3mnlh 4»»4>.s 

7 days 4™ie-4"ie 
3mnth 4<* w 4is M 

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6 mnth 
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6 mnth 4K-4H 
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1 ran* 44i*4»w 
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months to June 30. No divi- 
dend. Turnover £232,680 
(£761.699). Loss, before and' 
after lax, £326,780 (£314,434). 

• ASEA;. Earnings, before 
allocations and tax. for the first 
half of 1986 more than doubled 
to 2.228 million Swedish krona 
f£2J6 million), against 1,096 
million krona last time. Sales 
.22.720 million krona (17,179' 
million krona). Earnings per 
share 1 1.4 krona (9-5 krona). 

MENT TRUST: Six months to 
June 30. Net revenue, after-tax, 
£243.000 (£199.000). Earnings 

per share 24-27p (19.92p). The 
board expects the year’s net 
revenue will not be less than 

• JOHN BEALES: Total divi- 

dend raised to 4.8p (4p) for the 
year to May .31. Turnover 
£15.57 mfllion (£13.7 mil lion). 
Profit, before and after tax, 
£1.03 million (£651.000). Earn- 
ings per share: basic. 26. 7p 
(loSp) and fully diluted. 24-5p ' 
( 1 5 J5p). .. 

U) April 30. Total payment. 3p 
(23p). Turnover £5-26 million 
(£4.42 million). Pretax profit 
£323.774 (£327,131). Earnings 
per share 5.7p(7.7p). 

tal dividend A8p (422p) for the 
year to June 30. dross revenue 

Earnings ' 

his annual statement that, de- 
spite an exhaustive investiga- 
tion. the board has not been 
satisfied that the right opportu- 
nity has presented itself to lead 
to a requotation. Talks with 
interested parties still continue; 
. bat it is apparent that settlement 
of the outstanding receivership 
liabilities will be a precondition 
to any final solution. 

Total dividend 8.4p (6.7p) for 
the year to April 25. Sales £39.69 
million (£35.74 million). Pretax 
profit £5.47 million (£4.92 mil- 
'lion). Earnings per share 23>2p 
( 20 %). 

year to June 30- Pretax profit 
Ir£4l 8,000 (£377.000), against 
Jr£542.000. Turnover Tr£ 14. 1 9 
million (lc£ISi)8 million). In- 
: terim dividend Ip (same). Edro- 
in@ per Share 3.7p (4.4p). 

• EBC GROUP:' Half-year to 
June 3D Interim dividend Z22p 
(Z12p>. Turnover £2431 mil- 
lion (£2637 million). Pretax 
profit £352,000 (£419,000). 
Earnings per share 4.6p (5.7pL 

dividend unchanged at 6.75p for 
the year to April 30. Turnover 
£110.34 miHion (£103.78 mil- 
lion). Pretax profit £7.85 million 
(£9.2 miHion). Earnings per 
share &28p (11. 43p). 

More .company news 
on page 17 

GS; Half- 
year to June. 30. Interim divi- 
deod. i.45p (1. 1 7p; adjusted), 
payable Oct. 24. Turnover £4.49 
million (£5-02 million). Pretax 
profit £881,000 (£508.000). 
Earnings, per-share 5.80p 

Sedghi. the chairman, reports in 


for gloom 
and doom 

From Maxwell Newton 
New York 

The third quarter has 
started very Inaaspitionsly 
with indnstrfal- output down 
0.1 percent in July, taking the 
revised level back to that of 
April 1985. 

Retail sales fell by 04 per 
cent in July, mainly beat use of 
weak motor sales, mostly due 
to a deep-seated failure by 
General Motors to improve its 
product line. Its models are 
now rather elderly is design 
and appearance and demand 
huge infusions of credit from 
the corporation's Croesus-rich 
GMAC subsidiary, to keep 
sales moving. Even so. Gen- 
eral Motors has more than 100 
stockpOetLcompared with the 

indastry norm of €5 days and 
like the rest of fee US motor 
industry wiU have te slash 
third quarter production 

The “devaluation" of the 
(foliar has been so ineffective 
tint in July tire annual rate of 
imported vehicles had reached 
33 million. American car 
manufacturers have plans to 
increase this number substan- 
tially as they locate more 
prodoefion plants, in -Taiwan, 
Korea and Mexico, —•where 
they are being joined by 
Japanese manufacturers who 
are now finding that the strong 
yen has pushed wages too high 
The Federal government 
has nationalized yet another 
bank, the First Bank of Okla- 
homa, giving the bankrupt 
institution $130 mfllfoa cash 
in return for a continuing 
share. Officials from the Fed 
are now a permanent fixture in 
most leading banks in the 
United States. There is cer- 
tainly a team of them burrow- 
ing into tire horrors at the 
Bulk of America, which-conld 
soon be a candidate for na- 
tionalization itself, to join the 
Continental Illinois and the 
First Bank of Oklahoma. 

Meanwhile, the - dollar 
coutinnes to weaken against 
the other leading currencies, 
reflecting growing , inter- 
national acceptance of. Unde 
Sam as a sort of mendicant 
unde, who cannot live on 
except through iafnaons of 
cash, drawn from the savings 
of tire world, often from coun- 
tries modi poorer than itself. 

Mr Pan! Vokker, Chairman 
of tire Federal Reserve Board, 
has been trying to get die 
Japanese and tire' Germans to 
co-operate- m - measures to 
stimulate import demand! But 
if the US trade deficit is to be 
dosed, Germany and- Japan 
combined woaULliave to raise 
their imports over the next two 
years more than twice as last 
as in 1983-1985. 

Meanwhile* m response to 
the evident weakness of the 
US economy, bond-yields have 
dropped sharply since the 
major Treasury auctions on 
Wednesday August 6 and 
Thursday August 7. The 10 
year note yiddhas fallen from 
tire 7.47 per rent level at the 
auction to 7:13 per ceqt and 
tire 30 year bond has fallen 
from the 7.63 per rent auction 
average yield to 7.28 per cent. 

The optimists in the Admin- 
istration who have been talk- 
ing of a “surge of growth" in 
tire second half of the year 
have been routed. The Fade- 
wood Committee which is 
trying to stitch together what 
looks likaa very anti-business 
and anti-growth tax “reform" 
has jnst had to abandon its 
latest plans- becanse tbe eco- 
nomic conditions have led to 
new estimates showing a $17 
bfllkis revenue shortfall fcom- 
ingap. . ■■ 

The President is gtoqg to 
have to talk fost'toftaaintain 
Republican Senate control in 
November. Many, thoughtful 
Republicans tirink the cause is 
already lost, due to .fire fed 
that the whole of tire interior of 
the nationrwfth'tite exception 
of the coastal states, is already 
in recession, often very serious 
recession. The President has 
consistently been misinformed 
about bow well things are 
going, in the economy hot by 
now even he most realize bow 
much danger be is in, , ' 

This was another week of 
defeat for Polly anna 
‘Y»nseosns" finii]ai^ and an- 
other- victory for gmom and 

Ttada 89a (Discount %) 

1 mnth IQ’* 2mntfi 

3 mntn ios 6 ninth 9 R ra 


Ownxflht opon lOdSM 9 
1 week 9’5*o& Simth 

1 mntfi Smnt)9 1l ie9% 

3mntti 9 l] i»OX 12roth 8"*0N 

1 mmri « SmnOi 9% 

6mntti 8% IZmtfi 9% 




Local AiXborBy 

1 mmti 10H-10 

3 mom 10X-10 
9 mnth 10V9K 

2in§i 10X-10 

6 mrtti 1 0S-9 54 

12mth 9S-9H 

1 mnth 9'*i» _ 
6 mnth 9S-955 

Imnth 522-6.17 
6 mnth 6.11-506 

3mmh 9 H wO”u 
12mth VMfo 

3 mnth 6.11-605 
12 m«r 6,106,13 

:S*29^M ’ 

Last weete £97^15% 

Avgo rate: 293*36% 


last wk S&544SK 


Flxad Rata Sterling Export Finance 
Schama IV /towage rot a renc e rm for 
‘ — 1988 in 


•sown tv *vwaga iwruium^ 

Inurest period July 7, 1988 
Augat 5. 1988 metudve: 10.009 





Adam & Company. 







CSdbanfc Savtagst -^ 

Consolidated uihr_ 

Contrental Trtot— — — - 10 . 00 % 

Co-operatte Bank.. „.^ldQO% 

C. Hose 8 CO^-..- .. . 1046 % 

Hong Koto & Sbanghai^lQjOOK 

lujdafenk _Z - 1 04 ) 0 % 

Nat Wtetm i m ter _H).00% 

Royal Bank of -Gicatfand: — ^7000% 
trr - ■ 


t Mor tg age Bne'Baie. 

The ultimate ‘big bang 5 


Walt Street te being blown apart by * .< 
terrorists Who have marked the 
world's financial centre for total : 
destruction. What do they want? 

And can anyone possibly stop them? 

The financial thriller of the year '!\V 



. , V! 


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Thrills and spills in store 
for third market investors 

The Unlisted Securities 
Martet has entered the period 
of .summer quiet and calm. 
Bui with less than 1.00 days U> 
the big bang, there is no 
holiday' period for” a Stock 
Exchange attempting to for- 
malize proposals for the third 
market against the back- 
ground of a legislative frame- 
work where the fine print has 
still to be hammered out. 

The rapid growth over the 
last four years of the over-the- 
counter market, which trades 
in stodcs -which are unquali- 
fied for either a lull fisting or 
tbeUSM, has caused a certain 
amount of concern about 
whether there was an adequate 
degree of protection for inves- 
tors . in "an., unregulated 
environment. The see of the 
market and the number of 
companies traded by lbe OTC 
dealers (boosted partly by the 
Business Expansion Scheme) 
has fenced the Stock. Exchange 
to act. 

In April this year, it an- 
nounced plans 10 set up a third 
market which would bring the 
OTC under its umbrella. 

The proposal to launch a 

third market was greeted with 
initial enthusiasm by aH par- 
ties. ranging from the Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry to 
the OTC Practitioners' 
Committee. In principle, 
everyone believes that it is 
desirable that OTC companies 
should be traded m a rec- 
ognized securities market 
Discussions of the derailed 
proposals have, however, 
shown there to be a number of 
stumbling blocks. In particu- 
lar. the teeraingly arcane 
differentiation between an 
SRO and an RIE which is still 
undefined has proved to be a 
large obstacle. 

Most of the OTC traders are 
small and could probably only 
qualify for recognition- as an 
RIE and as such h is not yet 
dear whether they can trade 
under the umbrella of' the 
Stock Exchange which should 
be recognized as an SRO (or 
possibly as both an SRO and 

an RIE). 

It seems unfortunate that 
the timing of the proposal to 
set up the third market should 
have coincided with the 
changes in the legislative 

framework for the securities 
industry -which have effec- 
tively blocked the OTC trad-, 
ers from becoming members 
. of the Slock Exchange. 

The other large problem 
which the Stock Exchange, 
faced is what type of company 
would qualify for a third 
market listing. Under their 
draft proposals companies in- 
volved in overseas trading, 
property, investment and 
companies with less than one 
years trading record would all 
be excluded. 

- Unfortunately, this would 
also exclude many of the 
stocks already traded on the 
OTC and as such the original 
intention to bring these stodcs 
under the auspices of the 
Stock Exclrange would foiL 

The OTC traders last week 
announced their intention of 
setting up their own market. 

Mr Tony Prior of Prior 
Harwin. the chairman of this 
alternative exchange, states 
that the new market will have 
the most up-to-date electronic 
technology for bargain 
information and reporting 

(one area where some OTC 
dealers have attracted some 

The new market will com- 
ply with SIB requirements so 
that, it can operate as a 
recognized investment ex- 
change. The numbers 
subscribing to the new ex- 
change so for total 52 and 
include accountancy and legal 
firms as wen as OTC traders. 

Provided this new exchange 
qualifies as a recognized 
investment exchange, the 
problem of the uncontrolled 
OTC market will have been 

Regulation alone, however, 
will not prevent thrills and 
spills for the mvester in these 
.young and small companies 
and the solution to the prob- 
lems of the OTC market will 
have been effected outside the 
Stock Exchange umbrella. 

Hardly an encouraging 
omen for the authorities. 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member ofthe 
small companies unit at Phil- 
lips & Drew. 

cotne for the second quarter of 
1986 S388 million (£259 mil. 
lion), against SI01 million, 
reflecting a S333 million gain, 
prradpaBy from divesting the 
battery products business. Net - 
income per share $3.97 ($0.48). 
For the first six months, net 
income totalled $701 million 
($172 million), or $6.60 ($0.82) 
per share. 

• algemene bank 
NEDERLAND: Net profit- 248 
million fl (£71 J million) for the 
first half of 1986, against a 
revised 229 million fl last time. 
Net profit per share 2&54 fl 
(28.71 fl, revised). Interim divi- 
dend 13^0 fl (13.0 fl). The 
company proposes a one-for-ten 
rights issue. 

• T CLARKE: First half of 
1986. Interim dividend 7.1 per - 
cent (7 per cent). Turnover 
£14-25 motion (£1534 million). 

Pretax profit . £349,872 

TRUST: Six months to June 30. 
Total revenue £343,000 
(£588,000). Earnings per share 
OlOCMp (O.I4p). Despite lower 
revenue in the first sn months, 
the board expects at least to 
maintain the annual dividend 
(0.1 OSp). 

• HM HOLDINGS (formerly 
Howard Machinery): Mr DM 
Saunders, the chairman, told the 
annual meeting that talks were 
advanced with the banking con- 
sortium which supports the 
group and with CDFC He 
expected that they would result 
in a satisfactory outcome for 
shareholders, saving the group 
from receivership and leaving it 
after repayment of all other 
liabilities (assuming: Urn die 
conditions for the sale of the 
building in the US were success- 

fully concluded), with a net 
-worth substantially above 

Rosehaugh Greycoat Estates 
Holdings, a company in which 
the group has a 403 per cent 
interest, has- forward-leased its 
new, 73,000 sq ft Cfty office 
development at 3 Finsbury Ave- 
nue to Henderson Administra- 
tion Group at a rent of about 
£3230 a sq ft This preyed, 
scheduled for completion by the 
end of the year, has a develop- 
ment cost of more than £20 


INVESTMENTS: Six months 
to March 31. Turnover £15.64 
million (£8.13 nufliimX Pretax 
loss £1.29 million (£152,000 
profit). No tax (nil) Extraor- 
dinary debit £256,000 (nil). The 
board is unable to pay an 
interim dividend, but will re- 

view the question of a final at 
the end ofthe year. Although the 
outcome for the year will be a 
substantial loss at the pretax 
stage, current trading indicates a 
second-half improvement. 
Talks are taking place on the i 
sale of the plant hire division to 
the management for a consid- 
eration based on the attributable 
net assets (excluding premises), 
which are estimated at about 
£1.8 million, 

• JOS HOLDINGS: Year to 
July 31. Total dividend 4p 
(3-55p) One-for-five scrip issue 
proposed. Gross revenue 
£474,000 (£396,000). Earnings 
per share 4.41 p (3.63p). 

subsidiary. Richard Kelley, has 
agreed to buy the trade mark 
“Judge,” a stock of Judge hollo- 
ware. and certain other assets, 
including outstanding orders. 
The price is £770.527 m cash. 

E OBnplWj ' w 


541&0CD ATA Gtlrnon SB 

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113m m Ca* 200 

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25.1m Mtia 2JO 

13 1m Ante SKMn M2 

. 6.100000 ArSy 104 

B 033300 AogtMt 153 

243* Amn Osnra 325 

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134m ASD 188 

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5.134400 Autona»C 90 

5726000 BBS Dmgn 70 

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332SJB0 BnacnTlWW u i ) 70 

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588 m-6 143 25 182 

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125m BOMMy & Hay 13* 

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9400300 Boa f‘. 42 Y- . 

6350000 Sane hanfr ’125- +T 

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Banana Ml +2 

3365000 Breamalflr 20 

5B9C300 BtWM 110 -5 

7360300 Brrt 195 +2 

193m Bntaaw S*e 111 -1 

6338300 Br WooO«nrt» IBS a-1( 

9300300 Br BMI SO 

IZTMBWRiWit ' 268 m-s 




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B500300 HU+Pom 
2500300 WW Paa 
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47S430O HOuib HydteaA 
— - Homes wo ma n 

8580300 Brown (Ctartn) U0 

7 18X000 Bryan fijerM 295 

—— Bub Dmne 3 

3390300 CCA Qmnes 75 

l37»C«.M*rt» 160 

1 420.000 »S Oomp S 

4563300 CPU Coop 30 

20.7m CVD 165 

CPBdoman OH 90 

8280300 Curaum 85 

259* Cannon SUM bw -128 

782m Cemrai TV 325 

MJ* ODeneav Sas 105 

Ooexocm Europe 100 


243.000 Cham Manods 7 

122 * cnestve M 240 

1.715300 War II 

6337 000 Csyvnon 98 

1-187300 Csynen 7N 56S 

1958300 Cuocmr* 75 

us* can* Hooper isa 

Z 77 1X00 Oogau Goto 20 

139* CUrOa HOB* 33 

13to Coated Bacmdes 88 

ns* Coom EmnU 6? 

103* Com 112 

5.556900 Ctxrftn me . 90 
sir 2300 Consf r i n ami 155 

3648000 Comosctt 48 

107* CiteUtaies 108 

925000 Com Ton torn 98 

Cone Mtcrowow 250 

CoueJB 93 

line CPU 118 

4.769300 crammoni 330 

4300300 Cranocoak 50 

IBS a-10 T2-6 69 87 

50 43 83 9.1 

268 a-S S3 19 MS 

148 -2 33 24 21.7 

295 +15 113 33 105 

Hauart tep 

Ham* Food 
HumonO Bos 
Hwear Sapr* 

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14 243 ap 

29 43133 
93 29193 
17.9 55 127 
XI 33127 

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25 22 173 
-JS 74 22 234 

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5089300 Crown WT 
5 120000 Crusts 
4329000 D8E Tecb 
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4.466300 DJ Sac Mann 
9+50300 Damn 


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2513.000 Dekn* 

Mncn 138 25 21 19.1 

3383300 Danmm EMC 75 • . 5.4 73 57 

3956300 Otwey Warren 90 _ 107 113 6.1 

790B300 tan 205 +10 73 3.4 T73 

289* Crock 430 +10 55 13 289 

203300 Oman -.20'. 03 15 159 

4312000 Ease 47 25 52 M3 

126 * Eatno Qua Opus 06 -2 11 23 235 

2.4J2000 Earn 28 +6 04 1.4 203 

36.7m Earn Fund 245 89 35 14 6 

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286* Bdndge Rope A 374 9.6 2-8 173 

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CBI takes 
action on 
hoax calls 

By Our City Staff 

Hoax callers who daixn to 
have poisoned foodstuffs and 
toiletries are to face prosecu- 
tion, heavy fines and possible 
imprisonment, according to 
the Confederation of British 
Industry in a statement today. 
The CBI, says it has persuaded 
the Government to insert a 
clause in the Public Order Bill 
to toughen the law in this area. 

The legislation, which is 
now at the committee stage in 
the Lords, wDl make it a 
criminal offence to claim to 
have contaminated goods 
with the aim of causing finan- 
cial loss to retailera or manu- 

Hoax calls have cost in- 
dustry and commerce millions 
of pounds in lost business. 

Mr Kenneth Edwards, dep- j 
uty director general of the 
CBL says: ~ Previously the law 
was inadequate to cover such 
activity. The CBI has per- 
suaded the Government that 
the new clause should also 
apply to . electrical and 
pharmaceutical goods, as wen 
as food, drink and toiletries." 

In the past, CBI members 
have had to withdraw from 
sale products such as choc- 
olate bars, turkeys, packaged 
meats, oranges, shampoos and 
other toiletries, after hoax 
calls warning of 


TODAY — Interim*: Blagden 
Industries, Jaguar, Nation- 
wide Leisure, Scottish Eastern 
Investments. Finals: Peerless, 
Vibroplant, J W Wassafl. 
TOMORROW - Interims: 
De Beers Consolidated Mines, 
Fife Indmar, Fleming Mer- 
cantile Investments, 
Molyneux Holdings, 1928 
Investment Trust, Rentolril, 
Standard Chartered Bank, 
Systems Designers, Taskforce 
Group. Finals: Aerospace En- 
gineering, Goldfields of South 
Africa, . Impaia Platinum, 
Mhangura Copper Mine. 
WEDNESDAY — Interims: 
Atlantic Computers, Britannic 
Assurance, Horizon Travel, 
International Thomson 
Organisation, Microvitec, 
Sandvik, Supra Group, Water- 
find Glass Group. Finals: D Y 
Davies, Electron House, John 
Finlan, Herrbuiger Brooks, W 
H Sm ith and Son. 
THURSDAY — I n te rims : 
Garfunkels Restaurants, 
Johnson Group Cleaners, 
Queens Moat Houses, 
Thomas Robinson, Ryan- 
International, Scottish Agri- 
cultural Industries. - Finals: 
Dale Electric, Industrial Fi- 
nance and ’ Investment 1 
Corporation, United 

FRIDAY —Interims: Ayrshire 
Metal Products, Counter 
Products Marketing. Finals: - 
Higbgate and Job Holdings, 
Trent Holdings. 



Case for a blitz on 

There is no shortage of worry over 
unemployment as a social problem; 
not enough attention has been paid to 
it as a direct economic problem. 
Indeed, it is sometimes said, and more 
often thought, that long dole queues 
are necessary for sustained economic 
growth for the majority. The Govern- 
ment has unwittingly encouraged such 
thoughts by its entirely correct analy- 
sis that unemployment is a problem 
on its own, not soluble through 

They provide industry with necessary 
conditions for growth. Rather, other 
policies should be focused on putting 
people into jobs. 

There is no shortage of measures to 
improve the labour market, stimulate 
enterprise and persuade more io stay 
at home. Most, however, are long- 
term structural adjustments that are 
slow to build an effect For example, 
the profit-sharing scheme is aimed to 
be permanent so it must be designed 

monetary and fiscal management of modestly to avoid setting up new 
the economy. And those who oppose distortions. 

sound money policy give the same 
message by falsely implying that 
inflation and unemployment are 

Now that inflation is on the run, 
unemployment is the prime remain- 
ing obstacle to economic health. The 
loss of tax revenues and the swelling 
cost of social security — not simply in 
unemployment benefit - are at the 

If the rate of job creation can be 
maintained as the bulge of school- 

leavers ends and the Job Start scheme 
helps those long out of work, the tide 
of rising unemployment will be 
reversed. But present policies are not 
enough to cut unemployment 
dramatically in the forseeable future. 

There is a case for supplementing 
long-term restructuring with a blitz of 

heart of the fiscal impasse. The cost of short-term policies over the next four 

special employment measures is hefty 
and looks permanent. Excessive local 
authority spending and enduring re- 
gional subsidies are also partly due to 
lack of jobs. 

Attempts to measure the total tax 
cost of having 2.5 million out of work, 
who might be in work, are political 
guesses. But it is probably worth at 
least eight pence off the rate of income 
tax or £10 billion a year of public 

On such a scale, consumers who are 
not producing are also an inflationary 
force. As earnings figures show, 
unemployment no longer damps wage 
rises. So monetary and fiscal policies 
have to be that much tighter. 

The waste of productive potential 
prevents the British economy — and 
most others in Europe — growing at a 
foster pace. Too often, even those who 
reject postwar notions of economic 
management put ft die other way 
round. Unemployment and low eco- 
nomic growth go together, especially 
when the available labour force is still 
expected to rise a further 550,000 
between this summer and 1 990. But to 
say that low economic growth causes 
unemployment implies that economic 

years — or over the next Parliament — 
to break the logjam. A succession of 
initiatives that are limited in advance 
in time and cash, carries the advan- 
tage that they can be more risky and 

The defensive climate of manage- 
ment thinking needs to be changed, so 
that expansion in new projects is seen 
as the counterpart of job-shedding 
rationalization. Employers might en- 
joy National Insurance holidays if 
they add to their workforce from the 
dole queues. And profitable com- 
panies might then be liable to a stiff 
levy if they foil to take on more staff. 
A three-year moratorium on take- 
overs of profitable companies that do 
not guarantee more jobs could help. 
And how about Queens Awards for 
those who create jobs in Britain and 
an embargo on honours for those who 
do not.? 

On the spending side, the defence 
budget could be diverted to advance 
rather than delay warship orders. 
Livwpool-style partnerships with 
business might be used to give project 
grams to invest in the earning power 
of one depressed town after another. 
Accelerated sewage projects could 

management determines the rate of boost the attractions of many a resort. 

growth, when the burden of the Much of this could be paid for by 
Thatcher revolution is to remind us the extra incentives of discounts on 
that growth is people producing more, social security benefits in places 
Indeed, unemployment is at the helped, or by further temporary 
centre of a series of chicken and egg benefit discrimination against youth, 
arguments. Lower taxes and more Long-term jobless leaving the register 
creative government spending would over a specified period could be freed 
cut unemployment, but the cost of of all income tax for two years. 

unemployment keeps taxes high and 
absorbs available spending!. Low 
growth causes unemployment, but 
unemployment causes low growth. 
Thinking needs to shift to identify 
unemployment as the cause rather 
than die effect. 

That is not to say that tax and 
money policies should be reversed. 

Such measures can readily be 
dismissed as panic gimmickry, irrele- 
vant to the serious business of creating 
“real” jobs in a healthy economy. But 
there is much to be gained by such cal- 
culated risks. 

Graham Searjeant 

Financial Editor 


“Earnings doubled over five years” 

Sir Colin Comess, chairman, reports: 

• 'An average annual growth in earnings per share ofl9% over five years 
has doubled corporate income whilst maintaining a consistently high 
return on capital employed' 

• 'Redland’s international spread is rightly perceived by investors to be 
one of its foremost attractions' 

• 'With a market capitalisation of around £1 billion and low gearing of 
25%, we are able to contemplate capital investments and acquisitions in 
a number of countries' 

Five Year Record 

Profit before tax 
Earnings per share (pence) 
Return on Capital (%) 































Please use thi s coupon to obtai □ a copy of the 1986 Annual Report 

dland PLC Redland House, Rcigate, Surrey, Engl 






Capitalization and week’s change Udi- 

daily prize money stated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 

back of your card. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 

(Current market price multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the stock quoted) 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began August 11. Dealings end August 29. §Contango day September 1. Settlement day September &. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

No. Gunplay Gf— p 

Provident 1 BwksJ3iscouin 

McAJpinr lAlhtdj | Building.Ro3ds 

Allied Insh 

Magnet ft South I Building-Roads 

Ibaock Jrtmaen I BrnWing-Roads 


Macro 4 

llld Biscuits 

Sound Difloson 

Fine An Dev 


Wohrrhmptn & D 

Brown Boveri Kent 

Sumrie Clotbes 


Dew (Georoe) 

Mo* km (Johoi 


Newmarfc (Lotus) 

Salvesen (Cfastn) 

Aquascutum A 




Draper) .Stoics 

Industrials A-D 



Drapery. Stores 


Country side 

Quest Auuxnauon 

Whitbread Inv 

Conns ( Funi I A 

Halstead (James) 

Body Shop 



Boildingjt oads 




Drapery Stores 


Industrials A-D 


Chemicals. Ptas 

Industrials A-D 



Brc w ic s 

Drapery Fiores 

Drapery Stores 


Drapery .Stores 

Mailhews (Bernard) | Foods 


Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8,000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 

«6 im Romscnu (Ji hu 129 • .. r.i as tas 

tfM.lm Rnyl BHi or Sen 318 +18 144 4 S 92 

1 629m Seram cs>> +', 102 3-0 115 

1.13^ An Stand dart 723 +10 500b 94 9L0 

BOfrnUtm 643 «-20 525 82 649 

1503301 MAWS Fame f 73*. +SV 

235o IMnoutt 280 0-5 7.7 25 13.7 


*0*.0m Afteo insft 
ii56w Amoacnor (Hnoy) 
bW Om Aas Hem 2 
l.JW.ftn Sv+aranca 
8SAO Bank 01 lirtarB 
338*a Barn Leum Israel 
12.1m BeTiK lean UK 
SOS 5m Bank Of Sontand 
35635m Bciaaw 
13 1m Benchmark 
M 6m B>cwn Snpiay 
57 5m Cater Alen 
255m Carnes 
20<3 7m 0>ase Manhattan 
5511 Jm C«xkd 

16 am Com BanA Wains 
1.724 7m Convnarzriank 
7.786 Jm OeuTOrie Bank 
2AS am Firsi Mai FmM» 

1 10 im Ghtjio ns 
230 1m Gotcm Peal 
3736m Hambtos 
337 0m m Sxru* 

2585 dm HK Snangnai 
12 An Joseph iLcnpotd) 
24 Im Hog & Sruiscn 

53t 2n» Ktemctt Burn-on 
2J05 4m Uoyds 
4190m Mrrcure Wf 
51 8m M ff. A 
1 243 0 m Upland 
744 im r*M Aus 8k 
37733n Wt Weal 
57 On Ottoman 
1577m Pipwoern 

19 7m Naa Bios 

♦3 90 37 6.9 

+9 . 0 .. 415 

+11 150 74 .. 

♦6 170 79 V. 

184 6 .7 113 
+10 200 4.8 64 
+36 28 1 57 7 .1 

• -10 37 1 65 105 


• +3B 275 S3 54 

•2 000 53 90 

+2 155 45 115 

+10 06 05 167 




i Buhner (H P) . 147 
1 BuRumooO Brow 565 

■ Cttrk (Marere+J 505 
I town* u A| 214 
I Greena* Whitley T75 

■ Oaena King . 221 

■ Gurmoss 328 

i Hanks & Hanson Sii 
I Hgnm) nstl 79 

■ hwwgordon Dfctf 155 

lined Ml 211 

■ Usman Thompson 109 

i Uortand 2S2 

i SA Brewfas <63 

Scot i New IBS 
i Van* 380 

I wntmad A' 270 
Do -0 26S 

i wmmad m* 216 
i Wokirtimptn ID 538 
I Young 'A' 3Z 

13.8 41 154 

71.7 29 16.1 
15 19 266 
45 35 165 

205b 45162 
7.6 52 15.1 
154 2.7 185 
115 25175 

75 45 125 
85 35 135 

103 3,1 125 

25.0 45 132 

25 35 162 
68 44 95 
65 25 .. 
32 25 166 
61 35 139 

105 5.4 112 
164 45 145 

11.1 4.1 125 

11.1 42 132 

105 49 27.7 

12.7 24 195 
164 32 224 


390a Aberdeen CORStr 236 
1675m Amec 260 

3500500 Amentia 66 

7C.4rn MttroodS tffi 

9674m BPB intkran® 506 
137m 8n0gwidge &** 343 

3«5Jm Banatt Dew 138 

1 .411.000 BaeeyiBan) Conor 27 

293m Bthoy 170 

9.600.000 Befi Bios 64 

155m Btaetteye BIO 

676 Ha Sbe Cede 52S 

tSflra EheedonSCkMl Ha 258 
13.1m Br DrBogma 76 

4.700500 BmnnAJaCkBon 23'r 
135n BumiIh 56 

97 6m Bryant 122 

21 8m Bunas 8 Hdam 11 
— cakeuneac Rooey 150 
778 Im CemenHftoaaaone 115 
103m Cower Grp 
4405m Cosun 538 

425m Countrywide 473 

104m Croudi i Derek) 148 
7430 000 Dm (Germ} 99 
19.4m Douglas (HMJ 128 
195m Ertfi 102 

1498500 Feb 86 

2561 .000 DO 'A 1 58 

I43n Federated Hag tsa 

5517500 Frtan Gp 60 

24 1m GaMonl 87 

2.1DS OOO GMh A Dandy On) 121 
36 On Gteeson (MJ) 380 
103.6m HAT I3S 

7560500 Hekcal Bar 235 

64 im H8*KJen-5tuart 68 
58.1m Hoytaood Wrtams 216 
89 Bn Horn A HA 821 

1445m luioek Jdmsan 186 

4461.000 Jarvis (J) A Sons 421 

118 In Lang (J) 426 

112 Im Do 'A 424 

21 6m Lawrmce (Wrtterl 112 
57.6m Utty <FJC] 72 

IMJm Level |YJ) 406 

316 5m Magnet A South 174 
«35m Mandets 296 

2952ai Mattoy 117 

75.0m Manunn fHaBax) 195 

10.4m May A Hassel lit 

1499m McAJpre (Nfra4 424 

220.7m Mayor mt 229 

1980500 V*es (Startey) 33 

126m Monk (A) 117 

2565m Movrlem (Jot nj 386 

85.1m NeewiM 805 

195m N ot tmgh a m Brtek 176 

28-2m Persmmon 22S 

2. 653. BOO m>oenx Thntav 80 

3552.000 Rochets' 355 

604 7Si RMC 080 

9295m RertM 43 2 

40 4m Ruoeratl 280 

202.7m Rugby Cement 142 

27 7m Snarpe A F5sbm 140 

8566500 Sman (J) 80 

I^OEflm Tarmac 454 

478.1m Taylor Wtxxlrevr 331 

24 2m T*unr Grout) 164 

73aa Trans A Amok) 419 

5431.000 Trent 79 

7567500 Tumff 155 

215m V*roptmt 356 

. 37 8m Ware 288 

2.435.000 Waimxnon (T) 81 

38.1m wans Baba iso 

1277.000 Weaon Bros 76 

155m rnm ns 152 

219 im wSui (Connolly) 250 

fill in VWrepey (Geotgei 217 

-2 114 49 219 

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6753b Alex A Alex 
2135 4m Am Gen 
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logu A Gan 
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■ ocean ween 48 

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i Sms Darby 43 

.smel Bros 558 

i Tonr kemstty *19 

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2159m Assoc Sr Porte 270 +1B 7.1 SB 149 

5389m Br COromoMeMn 263 +20 7.1 27 185-;- 

2157m CaJedmm 226 +11 7.1 51 399 

1&1m Fisher tlanw) 60 +1 4.7 69 <23 - 

5000900 Gnig 500 • 21.4 49 64 

161m Jacobs (JO 70 +1 5.1b 73 53* *-.• 

751900 Lyta TV .. .. US + 

620900 l i e n Dortm 31 U‘ * 

2«8.7m Ocean Transport 217 88 45 100*..-; 

19069m P & O DM 5T3 +25 . 229 4.5 147 

123m fhvorran tMrtW) 141 ?.l 5.0 222 - . 

47Jha npMOk 310 53 1.7198 

1965900 TurrtjuB Seta STD .. T2.9 15 5»8 • . 


i Accor) 160 

l ASSOC BOM 210 
i ASSOC Ne we p u p n r 3fS 
I BUCK (AAC) 315 

i Bnatol 065 

i 0*1* (Wm) 460 

Do A ® 

EMAP -A 128. 

i Ham PudSsrtng 355 
I Home Counsel 210 
i independent ' 300 

i hi Thomson 55* 

i Mm hiwn m anrt £i3 
Oovpui ® 

I Portsmoudi SUM 121 
i Tnran InN 413 

(HO Hewapsprt* 373 

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+5 80 

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9 +10 3.1 
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+2 1*9 

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+30 98 

+a 5.7 

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1969m Arena*. 88 

112» Aran Energy 13 +1 

Adanse HMamei 18 +4 

109800m Br Peertfnm 601 +16 

8079.000 BnsWI OJ IS + 

Ti3nt Br Bmteo 340 -1 

6M3W Bnra* J g •+F 

esesrt, 8umen mo +n 

86 3n ClW cenrt B2 +2 

- - 121 -4 


126 +8 
39 . +7 

20 Im Cent ury 
299m OarwrtuB 
2099m 9rtmw*4 
18-BM Gerbm 


• l! v r ;>u i 

; Wholemeal sets 
i pace as bread 

1 ~:;«;buying increases 

, ■ By Amanda Gee Smyth 

** ?Bread consumption in Brit- splits 25 per cent to instore 
has Increased for the first production and about 5 per 
'*■ 'OGfipe since the -war — mainly' cent to family business. 

'Vo&anse of the switch to Accoidins to the- National 

Jj^hoiemeal in -the -concern 
v^sver healthy eating. 

> The volume of demand for 
• svfiolemeal rose from under 4 
' per cent in 1979 to almost J4 
per cent in 1985. The average 
ffhite sliced loaf accounted for 
- tf,4 per cent of all bread eaten 
in 1985 compared with 41 per 
xht in the first quarter of this 

i With 10 million loaves 
'standard 800 grammes) being 

production and about 5 per 
cent to family business. 

According to the National 
Federation of Bakers, white 
bread accounts for 62 per cent 
of bread consumed -at home 
witha further 10 per cent being 
eaten in hospitals, restaurants 
and the like. 

the crispbread market has 
not: responded to the health 
eating boom, and it is in slight 
decline despite heavy 
advertising. The market is 
dominated by Ryyita, owned 
by Associated British Foods, 

safen in the home a year, a fall . which claims 72 percent of the 
of more than 4 per cent is traditional market 

substantial The popularity of 
the white sliced loaf had owed 
touch to the inclusion of 
'additives, which prolong shelf 
life. With the public becoming 

Consumption of buns, 
scones and teacakes per per- 
son per week has increased 
from 0.99 of an ounce in 1985 
to 13 for the first quarter of 

uneasy over the whole, ques-.- this year. Cakes and pastries 
tioo, the major multiple retail- are declining slowly. 

a* have bad. to change their 
attitude to distribution. 

'■ 'Bread without additives 
.gs$s stale within two days. So 
: there has been a rapid change 
in' 'production and distribu- 
-sjion, with the introduction of 
jMitstore bakeries being spear- 
Steaded by the big 
• supermarkets. 

About 6 per oent ofbread is 
' now in-store, taking business 
horn wrapped (mostly sliced) 
"loaves ana hurting private 

The public wants freshness 
■j#-? hence baking on -the 
premises. There is no appre- 
: : riable difference in nutritional 
;■ Value, but there are few or no 

• Allied Bakeries and British 
■ . Bakeries account for 70 per 

sent of plant production. ( Of 
- the 100 British plants, they 

• • own 78 per cent). The rest 


dm If tw V- G AlOMnalot. 
Ordtaarjc O E Coupe. 

Heap: DH stmoson: H 

A One; ArabM/urna 

i A P Diamond: C F 
ascii: H V Wilkinson. 

Ctes b K C Butler: S D Fldbow. M P 

CUn ll (Mr 1): A Barnes: S M 
Bennett: S C Bowes: R S Broom; R J R •' 
Bunco: S E Carver: R S Davies; A 

Dtaraond: EV CdmonW-SJEuani: 
C J Hitchem N L Hoyle: R A Jones: P 
Kinsey: S E Pearson: D Power: N 
Sayen S P Skehan: R Taylor: G M 
Thompson: j A F Webster. 

Bradley: M c 

5 J Cuff: P M Cunningham: K P 
Davies: J M GUPy:K M Hanutao: J D 
Horan M Karw L R KaUenhom: F W 
LedSn; M J RUes: S J LeydoK K M 
-- - D McCabe; P J SUney: C A 

J M Stuart: R J 

Warhnrat K J Williams 
Ctna U: S A H Janes. 

P e n ih 

■Distinction In spoken French 
Class fc-O P Piattem T C Smith. 

Class ■ ON* 1J: “C M , _ 

Bnxherton: M caUand: J [A Caste J D 
. TE Gay: ®A C 

ft A Niven; N A _ _ 

. . Roberts: F A Stevenson: P S 

wamttnslatu N T D WHK. 

Class H (Mv g)t A A Barron: E M 
Brown: M T Corley: E Davies: D 
ruzpamdu A M Green: J A Har- 
— eaves: A J Kbit: T A Klriraan; P A 
Knight: M McCall: J A 'Mott: S K 
■tter: A J 7 Vrer: T M White. 

■denotes dJstmetMxi m spoken Ger- 

Clan B (Dta 1 >M L AUdiu A M 
Hicks: *R E HowetU*D J NotaW R 

Ctsw B m v 2 >t A A Loadwide *M 
McDonoutti: SeyaeU. 

Sanaa wltti dmIl 
■ denoted a distinction In spoken 
German, ■■ denotes distinction in 
spoken German and Distinction bi 
spoken Dutch 

Bats H (Dta I): -J Calvert: —A J 

Ossa a (Dtv QiN; Utley: »“A E 

distinction in spota 

Gta n (Dtv 13 -. *J S Cotwove K J 
j inter: J P Keane: M J McGearty; *D 
L Murphy: *W Stennlng. 

Class H, (Dtv 2 )t G A Bateson: S J 
jDanoeni “J F Collins: A D Greaves: R 
'jHuBhes: S E Murphy: 1 D Perrin*. 
Htawry^An ctam A y awl 

/ Oaai n CD*» l>s C J Hutchinson: P A 
Johnson: D W Proctor. 

CMS U (Dta O: D K Buckley: G 
Cjvanaoh; M C Chapman: R Davies: C 
O Foster: A D Canon: E Halls H 
Hughes: C E M Jones: J King. . 

Create: BP Hagen: H EHendcroomP 
CO-Nell: tJM Panv: J C Poutter: A M 
RMH>y: E Scott HA Ureru C M 
yemon: S L wnitton: C F L 
Wlesbauer: O- v Wright. 

On »t D J Taylor. 

' Modm Httwy 


Kearney. P a Stafford: A J Taylor: 
D C Tyler. . 

Ops a. Cptv Q.-J L Btrketi: L Q 

apwEw ussszrk* f 

CJ*“ fc J L Wright. 

On V mtv Os J E fleatiropof N E 
wWlglti: F E Connor: D GocUree: I 
<J Creep gr ass : H M Reid. 

Ms ^ (Dtv O: A Baxter: D G 
Beardsley; C HodBWo: K Johnson: S 
rJones: O w Owen: K R SmtUU C 

* t“SL B jpw l>r P J Anderson: D A 
A$hby: p j Sutatfie- 
Bmn. Cptv vTp D Collins: S L 
Kohpm; j M McEneany GAP 
RatterO: H Reavdey: P Timley: J C 

CSassMltt d J Adams: M PflPPOS: R J 

, ONtaaiy Ds^ia al Ms A K TBnenaU. 

(■DtoUncUoa In the spoken use of Die 
Russun Language.) 
fita** U QMv 1): «s A Rogers 
Bus Ut | th p t w 
CMS N QMe i>, l M Tipton. 

_ • Css Ul A Ranch 

n (W* t): C A Flnnerty 
a . CNV JJs R T N Bales: S J 
EH.Dew: M J Macauley; A 
M Oldham; h A Stocuey: S L Tale. 

■ E ntfla a utsranya A carman 

Ctaw K (We *): a Hunter. 

‘ 0w ‘SvJ^. An * L 

Ctass U (Dtv 9): S M R BcdsU. 

J. _ r ug n sh mid Batman 

Has* n (DO, J); j l Curry; N HanUon: 
3 Pong 

Fksaeti mm'M^anta nudu 
•Distinction In spoken Spanish snd in 
, ipoken French) 

/ NB 0 CD* T* T J Quinn*- 
- .lut M mhf Aa ■ o v 

Naas It (bh Ip P r Duaaais 
Maaa II. (Dt« a* J A Shilling; & TTTan. 

rrtnsii nt Ladn 
am ■ <pm 1>: E M Campbeu. 

Bread accounts for 70 per 
cent of the turnover for all 
bakery products. Total sales 
value is around £2 billion a 
year. Although sliced while is 
taking a hammering, the Mid- 
lands .and the North, where 
sandwich consumption is 
higher are still big buyers. 

Euromonitor, in its Bakery 
Products Report for Britain, 
points our that new Govern- 
ment regulations concerning 
the purity of bread win be 
mainly concerned in ensuring 
that consistency in the 
description of different types 
ofbread ends the malpractice 
of simply dyeing, white bread 
and calling it brown. 

It will also emphasize what 
additives may be used. 

Bakery Products Report, 
Euromonitor Publications, 
87-88, TurnmiU Sheet, Lon- 
don EOM 5QU. £220. 


Athena International: Mr 
Stephen King has been made 
procurement and distribution 

Eastern Petroleum 
Australia/Black Hill Minerals: 
Mr Simon Lee has become a 

American Express Asset 
Management: Mr Denis Fin- 
ning has joined as an invest- 

PA Oil and Gas Services: 
Mr Andrew Mather is now 
direclor,-oil and gas (UK). 

The John Crowther Grop: 
Mr David Gmliffe is named as 
executive chairman, carpet 
division, and will join the 

Redfeam National ■ Glass: 
Mr David A‘. Richards joins 
the board as finance director 
from September 1. 

Darwin Instruments: Mr 
RS Leishman joins the board 
of directors. " 

The Scottish Metropolitan 
Property: Mr Gordon S Milne 
is named as managing director 
and Mr Aha H Thomson, 
finance director. 

Commercial Union: Mr 
Graham Barlow and Mr Colin 
McMath become joint chief 
executives. Commercial 
Union Capital. 

Millwaid Brown: Miss Jean 
McDougall becomes an asso- 
ciate director and Mr Kenneth 
Qarke a director. 

Norilex: Mr Albert Hum- 
phrey joins the main board. 

The Abbey Life Group: Mr 
Alan Frost is to be a director, 
investments and Abbey Life 
Assurance Company, from 
October. 6, succeeding Mr 
Peter Dyson. 

.Retail .Consortium: Mr 
John Salisse has been named 
chairman, succeeding Mr Pe- 
ter Firmston Williams. 

• Xerox Corporation: Mr 
Paul Allaire has been made 
president and. wfll join the 
board on September 1. 

Videos: Sir Edwin Bramall 
becomes a non-executive 
director, defence systems 

> A j~Wa ,*> X V, 


Short-term balance favourable 

Last week's industrial 
production data showed a fall 
of 0 l 7 per cent between the 
first two quarters of this year. 

On the teas of growth _ra 
the remaining services, with 
part of the economy continu- 
ing at its recent rate of around 
2 p&centa year.tbiff suggests 
that the preliminary es- 
timates for real GDP, due to 
be published on Wednesday, 
will be broadly unchanged 
between the first and second 
quarters of calendar 1986. 

With unchanged real GDP, 
and an underlying rate of 
inflation of not much more 
than 4 per cent, nominal 
GDP itself will show only 
some 4 per cent yearly 
growth, very significantly be- 
low the 6% per cent objective 
for 1986-87 given in the 
Medium Term Financial 
Strategy last March. This 
follows subdued growth of 
per cent in the first 
quarter of calendar 19 86 at 
below last year’s MTFS 
objective of Sra per cent for 

The latest CBI survey re- 
ported a weaker outlook, for 
orders. The underlying trend 
in unemployment also "re- 
mains upwards. Indeed, it 
accelerated in the first half of 
the year. There two in- 
dicators provide added ev- 
idence for the current 
shortfall in growth of real 
GDP which will be high- 
lighted on Wednesday. 

The Chancellor has consis- 
tently taken the position, and 
did. so again in his March 
B udget speech, that the 
MTFS “provides as firm a 
guarantee against inadequate 
money demand as it does 
against excessive money 
demand”. It is also- worth 
stressing that the Treasury's 
preferred monetary indicator, 
M0, is continuing to grow 

more slowly than the mid- 
point of its taigei range: 

•These developments 
should mean that the Chan- 
‘cellor is seriously considering 
some form of policy 

In . die free of last 
Thursday's money supply 
data, which confirmed that 
sterling. M3 has grown by no 
less than 19 per cent over the 
last 12 months, this might 
seem a surprising conclusion. 
But. the Chancellor has 
repeatedly given good rea- 
sons for downgrading the 
importance of. the broad 
money measures at a time 
when real interest rates are so 
high and -when shon interest 
rates are above long rates. 

■ A more pressing concern 
for the Chancellor wfll un- 
doubtedly be the UK's deteri- 
orating balance of payments 
position. If oil prices main- 
lain their recent strength, the 
UK current account's move 
into deficit may be delayed 
until at least 1987. At 03 

S lices- of $10 and below, 
owever, the underlying po- 
sition would move into defi- 
cit this year, although for 
1986 as a whole a small 
overall surplus would result. 

This background win obvi- 
ously make policy relaxation 
seem more risky to the 
Chancellor but a consistent 
application of his frequently 
stated philosophy makes 
some measure of relaxation 
increasingly likely. 

Turning to the supply and 
demand of funds for the 
market, tight liquidity was 
clearly an important reason 
for the unexpectedly large 
fall-back in the gilt-edged 
market after its April peak. 
These pressures are now less 

The latest published in- 

stitutional liquidity figures 
are for end-March. and show 
liquidity at an estimated 3% 
per cent of funds, some £3 
billion above what is prob- 
ably an effective minimum 
leveL But calls then outstand- 
ing were over £3 billion and 
so there was effectively little 
spare liquidity. 

We estimate that excess 
liquidity fell by about £1 
billion in the second quarter 
but has subsequently been 
buih up in the last six weeks 
to stand dose to its end- 
March level Further, calls 
outstanding are currently 
only half their end-March 
level. There are. however, the 
forthcoming issues by TSB 
and British Gas for which 
funds will be reserved. 

The authorities made good 
most of the underfunding in 
the month to mid-July. The 
immediate funding pressures 
are therefore not acute. Re- 
cent funding initiatives may 
herald a wish to get ahead so 
that there is no treed to push 
hard over the TSB issue in 

The dramatic worldwide 
bull phase in bond markets 
up to April was triggered by 
the sharp fell in oil prices. 
Although oil prices have yo- 
yoed since April commodity 
prices have in general contin- 
ued tofelL 

On the basis of 
commodities' use in the UK, 
including oil their average 
price has fallen 15 per cent 
over the last year and is more 
than a quarter below the peak 
in early 1985. Indeed, the 
July producer input price 
index fell a further 3.4 per 
cent in July so that it is now 
almost 10 per cent lower than 
a year ago. The weakness in 
non-oil commodity prices is 
unlikely to reverse sharply 

unless the cuttcih shortfall in 
the worldwide economic 
recovery is rapidly made 

The signs from the main 
business leading indicators in 
the larger economies are 
ambiguous. Economic 
growth may accelerate some- 
what but not sufficiently 
strongly to make up for the 
dip so far this year. Neither 
the leading indicator series 
nor the data for orders her- 
alds a large surge in output. 

Although narrow monetary 
growth has accelerated in, for 
example, the US and West 
Germany, the worldwide 
downward trend in inflation 
and inflationary expectations 
is likely to have caused a 
greater willingness to hold 
money among companies 
and individuals. 

’The response of Teal eco- 
nomic activity to accelerating 
real monetary growth and 
increased real economic 
activity is therefore likely to 
be more muted and more 
delayed than in periods when 
inflation was rising, such as 
the 1970s. 

Furthermore, real interest 
rates remain high; nominal 
rates have fallen less than 
published inflation in most 
countries this year. In very 
many cases, the return from 
holding interest bearing 
deposits is greater than that 
from stocks of goods. These 
are not the conditions for a 
sudden, sharp acceleration in 
economic activity. 

In conclusion, it will be a 
surprise if short-term interest 
rates abroad do not resume 
their fall before long. Against 
such a background, how will 
the gilt-edged market re- 
spond? The much larger 
correction in the UK since 
the April peak took place at a 

time when the opinion polls 
consistently showed a lead 
for the Labour Party. 

With a General Ejection 
within two years, the fears of 
rising public borrowing, 
higher inflation and re- 
directed investment plans 
have become more important 
for the market. Admittedly, 
overseas investors continued 
to be net purchasers of gilts in 
the last four months, buying 
more than £1 billion so far in 
this financial year. But this is 
likely to reflect the negative 
attractions of US treasuries as 
much ns the positive attrac- 
tions of UK gilts. 

Domestic funding and 
liquidity pressures are more 
favourable than at the 
market’s peak in April, but 
the forthcoming TSB and 
British Gas issues have a two- 
edged impact They will re- 
move liquidity from the 
market but the authorities 
have a vested interest in their 
success and hence will wish to 
avoid any damaging actions. 

Despite uncertainties for 
markets, especially the ster- 
ling foreign exchange market 
resulting from volatile oil 
prices and the unpredictable 
political outlook, the less 
buoyant world economic out- 
look raises hopes for a further 
round of interest cuts. 

The fact that the UK is 
fully sharing this weak eco- 
nomic performance, and that 
nominal GDP growth is fell- 
ing well short of the 
Government's preferred 
path, suggests in the near 
term that the balance for the 
gilt-edged market is on the 
favourable side. 

Robert Thomas 

The author is director of 
sterling bond research at 
GreenweU Montagu <£ Co. 

Degrees awarded by the University of Liverpool 

The following degrees are an- 
nounced by the university of 
* Liverpool 

Faculty of Arts 

'BA (^denotes distinction) 


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Cm t (Dtv 2): D O Biro. 

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(■Dtettoeticwi In spoken Italian! 

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Clan N (Ms *3: J M Cr amm er. 
Modem History and EnsHsti l Braw ns 
Mass H (Ms 1 ): C E MttcbeU: K 

Clan H (Ms 23: H J BakewdU M J 
Parnell: J E Farmworttc H Gt«eo> 

Man H (Ms 13i J M Bsttendae A G 
Game C S Hawes; D J Merritt: R P 
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Man H (Ms *): D -Kershaw. 

Man Ut c A Wrignt. 

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Men a (Ms OiDj Burnside: H I 
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Chin IT (Ms ns R I Qirtsths J CouncSfc 

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Man it (MsnT D E BraakweO: S E 

Man t N Jones; 5 A Rowe: R C 

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D Hignettt-M J snnriwy. 

Man tEN Affisoa: J Hotcbkfes: N L 

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Smitti; H TGee R M j M Hay: 

R T Hensley: R J Hodden R CMoUey; 
C A Jones: K LangMd: t LudWTu 
O'Sullivan: G A Pearson: M J RMw 
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. TboafeK S L TUomasr" 

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BuridnShaw: V Clowes: J Fenton: K 
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walah: J wanDe. 

Man IB: A A Lanceley. 

Orttany Degree ol &As S J Penkeih. 

. G B Retd: J Smith: -D 

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Man tt (Dtv l)/s?Bn«: S Rank. 
Man ■ (Ms XU N B Drake. 

Man t N J Fairs: S C PhBUia. 

. ... (Ms tj: LA Barker DJ 
E A H Chow*iury: L 
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M. McConchle: G M OWHon: C A 
RtddaU: R F Smith: J M Stanworth: T 
FSwairS JTtttensonB AToeerrCJ 
WDeman: J A Wootgar. 

. _ mb 39: T P conmng: 4 P D 

p1?GOUldf M 

Man Hfc J W R Eardky. T W EBB. 


Man t A J Theater. 

Man II (Ms 111 J A FMjen O W 
Camtum: C L Howard: T Storr M P 

Cbn H (Ms 23* S C Bedford: W S 
Jackson: V p Murnhy: A D Parkin: P 
J Pyke A E Slade. 

Ctus Ur D J Evans H J Parker J 

c a —drt ry 

Man t P Banes': L E Hnte G B 
Jones SJ Maginn: T J McCarthy: R J 
-Northing: D Roscoe. 

Man II (Ms 13: D Brown: _D 

^ S K. Rfiddas 

. M srannard: A Westwood. 


— SHChisraJ; A F Christie: SF 

I.UWUL- M A HuldiinBK.pAlyoreJ 
M Organ: D Owen: A J Plan: l G 
Thomas O walker: A WUUams I L 
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Man Ht c Bunting: M A ChadwMu s 
Fiddes R J M NeweyjJR Nieftols 
u RoEsrts I D Rooghsedgs 
Souuiaiu P A Thompson. 

. Chemistry and Pftwmaceiecy 
Man t S N Corner, 
dan n (Ms T): K Taylor. 

Man U (D»» A J Gledtial: P J Kidd. 

ChrawMiy mm Matrarara Mraraa 
Man n (Ms 1 ): J B Spence. 

Man DkCP Ryland. 

Booth: M C Hammond: J J SOJK R C 
so per C J TOveyj. P- L Waiter: H 

Ctau b S Anderson: C A Asher P E 
Caban: A Jeffenoos AM Lawrence: K 
L Marshall; M J Tats C Vtdafc H L 

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Finch: R MFttzoerald: J Fleming: S 
Hepworth: C J HE I J LMngsiOO; E J 

Clan B (Mi 

Burkett: J S 


Man t M Charatambous. 
dan II (Ms 1}: 8 E AMond: S L 
Bond: G E Evans C J Galdeckt: S C 
Jang; M J POutton: M D Scott: RFC 
Seraantr J A Staples V H Sykes J H 
TVzack: T Warburfon: A WUcox. 
Man U (Ms 20: J A Carter: R J Daihy: 

Osborns H A Stmoson: SM SwlndeB: 
H M Wttgley. 

Man at h S Daras.; _ 

dan IBJ Daviea. 

Man N (Ms 1>s P R Sweet C N 

Man N (Dhr lit L CDUrr - E W 
Gunarai: J S Hutton: A J C Kdeft J 
Kirk: K E Litton: R A Uratt C S 
Stocks S H Taylor: J R WBoughby. 
Man HI: M J Goods G M Han. 
OMama la Kama pa-d ew fh s n i my 

Watters. . 

M J Ashdown' M^fBlckerton: G E 
Oefnenr Evans ~D SCCOwac*A# • 
Fawcett C D . Gooclu R Gralvsm. E 

Narnia: B E Pet e rson: A J K Scott C A 

aass U (MV xy. I G Bales: A J 
Baynham: J PBeavon: J SBhakar: T 
Coatee R G Craggs R B GUwon: D J 

ks ’rss^sjwss^i 

Lam J R Mezwndes N J Miller C t 
M oran: T J Nlmc R met P S 
Twdy. JMTrumamJK Walshs PA 

Man Hfc R ACockreB: R F Green: S 

Tayion M F Tetter* P M Todorav: R P 

Orfaar p N Curry. K C Lam: K A 
NuttalL D- P Warrington. 

Burkett: J S puma: A C Fox; p A 

N S Read: D J Roberts S K Walker. 
Man life P A Bennett I M R BaOen: M 
A carter M Deveaoovfc S D Be* R J' 
Leedham-CTeen: M F Lubhdu I G 

Hatha * Cas—f la— 

Man te L M Oreeaa. 

Z?S£& ri P < &%^Jg85Z 

W Hughes R Knags C. 

„ s Jloms E McCann: 

H PjmTgv Porter D J 
Sadler 'J Ta Hb ude m* J J 

M Waters a T wad. 

Faculty of Medkfae 

Dapao of MS, CM ado* haaarars 

■b - DHtnctton in S urgery . 

■c - MstlDCHon In Obstetrics and 

Ctns II (Ms f|: A R Ash: J L Oliver. 
Man n (Ms n: S Balin': l P 
Pritchard: K Smftfv 


Man fc P J P Kelly: K S Ue. 

Mass II (Ms 1 ): J D'Ambrogio: P M 
Derbyshfre: DC Hind.- T MwyatL 
Man U (Ms 2 )* D AMey: B J dart: S 
P Cummings: X D Driven D J 
n repa trick: G Hanson: D W Lees R A 

aw KGN Copland: J J Lonergon: 
G J MatneO. 

g B | aM9 

□miHDW t)s J .R Doyte: B Barman I 

.Man H (Me 2}* A Breugetmans AM 
DeudnnSS M GreenwoodrS Hands. 
Mats KVA Knight j Walker. 

Man B (Ms »: i M Bond: M L Davies 
5 J EMridgR M M Evans P J Flynn: R 
A Hudson: J M Porter A T Price: A R 
H Scaddlng: E M TaUDy: M H A 
Woodward: M Yarrow. 

CaopaMV (S « E*>- 
Man tSM Hutcbtnson 
Mm B (Ms «: K S Ackitwd: P W Ad. 
uw S M P Benbow: s Bowman; J N 
Bwfield: W C cJouatu S B Dent R 
FleKher A E Goodwin: B N Jessop: P 
J Lack: J A Morrttesr. J R Mugnnge: S 
E Needham: J D Nmon: B J Neville: G 
pattraman: E J Petrie: G M Ovanfe: V 
M Randret A E Rowland; St Scher 
J P Stevens D C Svmes: K vemnam: 
J C WhBehonu A M Wood: B M 

ffllv D: M Bates C H Boas C 
Brooks R M Cartwright A J Canril: J 
ONeman: ACM OtfUEit D B Cotton: C 
R Crawford; K M Curtis A C Harris 
DJ Haasaii: J Hcdt: J w Ucvd: N A 
Metcalfe: N M ODonogiue: G n 
Price: R Sanderson: C M SKsor J. . 
Smaubone: A K southcott G V 
Thomas C Tuner: L C L Walker: C J 
Watson: J Woods: D W YeUowjey. 
ordkranr Dgpas dUiVM Simms. 

-• FaH durt Thaorr * mwtuduut 
Clan I: A C Higginboaoin 
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Cain: J V L Cttfiont C J Douglas J J 
Farrell: 8 G G Hughes: p A, 
McChryttai: A G Meadows K Nalt N 
C Paterson. 

CtUS U (Dtv t)s M J, Ada ms C D 
Anderson: J C Brown: E T Corcoran: 
P N Dean: B Devin: M Doherty: J W 


H Harapson: B P Jolley; A P Lomax: L 
MarttadMe: K McCormick: K J 
Muttiearn: B. MurOhy 
Muruiwaite: M C Nevm 
Nra a n de C A Newton: e r 
O ‘Connor: A J Queally: M Roctlford: 
S J Rogers: S Scott: M W A Shu. H j 
Sml^H E Sykes G Tuatw: W E 
Tracey: J A Williams J B winner. 

Clan B (Dtv D£ w Archer: M S 
Barueo; L Bromley: M W Brown: M A 
Browne: 4 E Burrows EJCarl*ji:R J 

MdS^: S 

Flanagan: I M Forsyth: B M Harvey: S 
p Head: J A Houghton; K A 
Houseman: B M Hughes: C M Huites 
B L Jones A Kaye: S C MahrC w 
Martin: A McChakeyi A. T McGuI rk: 
M A McLaughlin-. A C McMorrow: E 
M Moonf: M D Murray: L A Powtau 
D Rodgers: J A SherrtH:H Taylor: W 
Y TuSSTt L Woollard: T C Woutfe: H 
E Wright W M Yu. 

Chras life S L Buckle: M J 
Cunningham; J T Horan: H Jjames 

Crass fc D J Crlgtalon: L Jones M G 
Jones S K PascosR J Pearaon: T N 

» (Mv 1): J W 
II (Mv 2 ): S C 

Maths (MO CMC HI) 

Crass fife C A Layzefi- 

MaibKlttea A 8 tk ) Bki 
Maas I: S Burns G MeOor. 

Maas H (M* I): P A Adams D S 

Mass H (Mv 29: L Jones 

Miss Ufe M A Potntaszek: J S K Wong. 

Class t$M Ancell: H M Crow; B R 
Hulk T B Keys 

crass H (DM 3>Z G M Oofft D A 

Mass Hfc S D Barnett; I A Beddow: K 

Crass H (Mv l>= P M Mahoney: J E 

Man a (Mv Or P Donmn. 

Clast uh H S M Hasted: M P Johnson. 

Massif (Mr OrL?(Koragm S J Hall: 
T N E Hanktn: T D Hughes: D E 
Nevtn: J Poole: 1 W WaBSSu C K V 

Ctara U (Mv D-.DK Bromwlrin C M 
Fleuung: M S Judd. 

- Mnteal Cafe Ma l ap 
Man fc w e FarrelL 
Mass It GMv lliN G Barton Hanson; S 
J M Berwick: JHCtakmer: l M Dods 
P M HaJgh; M Heruvessy. M B 
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M Rougtuw. R J Sett: A weoner. 

Class ■ (Dtv IV. L E Kettettj T E 
Thompson: A J TTwflte; w G H 

Mass ■ (Mv »T J BrtnttKl K 
Robinson: M W Turton. 

•d ■ Dt Mffi cHPB m Psychiatry. 

■c*d J BuRhesm *b J Watt*. 


L A Adhestr C Aitkeru S Adcock: R O 
AUibone: E A.Bamtmdge: M J Barters 
C S Barnard: L M Barnard; M R 
Battlzc K L Bennett: G J Bird: T B 
Branunah: P D Brash: S Brtnkaman; R 
p Broadbelt: P BrpwnaotujU B Burke: 
S Bum: F Campbell; D N Carmkhaei; 

Drinnan: I M Eiccleston: M O 

I 8 ^ D LS 8 S^R G A S sS?n 

m; > G r L S: Hlghimk^5 0 R E 
Johnson: SA Leach: C A Le-Man HJ 

S7oN«- h ‘ * 

MdJndon: H M Meecham.- .. .. 
MelHns: P A Mttchelson: D N MotUc P 
R Morns: D 

das* tt (Mv 23: R I Austin: T W 
BUllngtsm T J Bowyer: D O John: M 
O KasorukjjB J Lacey: R P Lewis: K A 
Lowe: J K Tickle: G Wells: P A 

Man Hfc A.S Horton: T M McMemey: 
K S Ob* A C Phelps: P J RUA 
OnSsanc HBuyukenurunc I Evans: C 
J C Grey: W O Pfkett: A J SyvreC L T 
Wanham: P J Wtastanley. 

Cha fc K I mobs. 

CUB* II (DH 29s W K P Oiengc S E 
Crack: N-Oranheid: R A Guess: K J 

Onteranr. N B Houston. 

■HMSait Hd MWsrhts Satanaa 

Class fc D M Jaeger. 

MM* ■ (MvlfcCNSBwyeCMA 
Davies: A G Long. 
rim** n (Hvfl:J Hamson: P Jacuues: 
T J McGrath: M P Roberts: P M 
Roome: A T Russell: E J Wrigley. 
Faculty of Veterinary Science 
BVSa vrtth llanara i 
1 m Cattle Studies (including 


CBnrxttty: I M Downes j 
Edwards: J Evans: mep Gronau: B T 
Hemhalk M A IngiefleM: A Jayne S J 
Kav: R J Longford: T B K LmSey. tt P 
Mterar R Mason: A McLoughlbv; A R 

Mdsels: A J O fll etttotpK l * 

Rattigan; H A Bay: £ A 
Tareitt: N P Taylor: D W 
Weaver: M J C Wilson. 

Mass Ut E P Cosens: A J Parabara: M 
G Pickard: A R 3 'ales. 

ps yc holog y (SAES) 

Maas fc j M Pine. 

erase It fptw ij: j R aronas: S R 

Gaflln: K Heron: 8 M Lord: A D 
MacFartane: J A McCarrg>: L G 
Morgan: S J Riley: H A LJhrff: M B 
Sexton: K M Sims: M D Tomlinson. 

Ctus U (Mv H J Adshead: S G 

M C 
Bourne <1 

" I w-f f -.'Ji ivM 

rj * r* * ^ --ta 

A D Noble: J J NohhUf. B Norton: A M 
Park: T Petterton: S NJliddWeDW 

Heade: J a R efct 
Roberts: S P RUdnKk: 
I Schofield.- D B 
Smith: T K - 


Part Jl Rated 

Bradley: D H 
Lewis Jones: 

: A E Boyd; M J 
J B Kenny: HG 
l: K Shan. 


1 ): A S Berry: CAR 

ten Ir R J Riley. 

ru snataate: D M Crane: M 
Davie M Y A puvlec A J Duntu W T 
Fitzpatrick; L M _GoqgUurn: C A 
Kuidoru R E Naaar: 0 _j _Pomfr rft: M A 
Reams J G Smith: S TheopMtou: a 
ward: 1 R Weald. 

Faculty of Law 


Masa h H L Parkinson. 

Ctras II (Div 1 )t A J Cavey. 
Mass ll (Mv XU S warring. 

Man t: K Harawgad: T_HalBday. A W 
M Shannon; D M Wilkinson. 

Clan H (Mv 1 ): M A Addison: P D 

esssr > g a 

WuSrS L GOdtf : R K Lloyd: D W 
pawison: J C Pottloy: D 1 SuttJe: S J 
Threikeid- „ 

crass it (Mv»: M J Bowler: M CoOck 

?SS: K » A rtSr£i ar '-*"- IPF 

Man Ufc D Gargaro. j K SbbakL M 
soni: M C Terry- 

Paatpatadraral A Sara Satanaa 
Mm n (MV Q:NR Thomas. 

E n v iron me nt d m ala p 
Man fc M J Bogota. 

Cjmttjwv Os T J IOMMW A M 
Johnston: J Lamb: C M Lawler: 8 A 
VinK H 3'oung. _ „ 

lums: D J Young, 
cuns nfc A P Harrison. 

C au stics 

rwt b J Ctnve: P Osman. 

SUUV'fcM +JB548 

£hSm h Jones: A McOormlck: A 
M Payne. 

SW^!& RJ 

crasa lit P LS Dean: E M -Whliby 

RqsM SaopaghV « CaelaBl 
Mass II (Mv iy C Betton. 

P h ytm 

Class is D T Brown: S S 

Heritage: DJ Hughes; I Jenkins BO R 
JmikC M Kennedy: V t^ nanypr e^A 
Partridge: S Poster: D L Roberts: P J 
Scartftt: A K Shauaneso': J Williams: 
M Wtnsfcel; D YeUen. 
crass n (MV zu M R Gorteti: S J 
COrotahlev: A C FetfHWe: J B 
Graham: S M Jones: M RUnoont: D 
K Owen: N Pernimaidre M P 
pomngrr: A Roono': PX Rugs D J 
Smith-. S Stevens: A M Timer. S L 

Rfc'N J Bally: » JJBWh: A A 
n: O I Buyers: D Campbell ; I J 

d: P J DbvUn M J Mte 8 0 

Fell: C M Offl: C & Jonrat J M Le 
Conte: N R LocimndUf: D R Mason; R 
L McCorkrtF L MkKUeum: J A 


Morris: J Parker: .H S Rees: J A 

Street: J Ttevelhan. 

Ctus II qrar 3 J: C it. A lly: P Btriratt: c 
J E BWM: R A Brawn: K E Bull: S 
CartlteJ D Gockaln: A M Collins; P M 
Connor: C J Davter. AVMDe Fredas: 

Mercer 1 1 D-2C~50r w iwowm 
(lCk C J Plnseni ( 20 : J R Reader 
(20: J a Smith (lcScfc R M Thylor 
(102030.40:. G W Wolyerson 
(ULSCAO-. N J Wootfenden (ICAO. 


Bemr. T B Chnnett (20: PJ Dale 
: G T Edwards ttCk S A GodsaU: 
_ _ HSisifllori (1020: M R Hayter: 

P Holmes: D A Hope: J D Johnson: J 
R Jones: R M Jones: R G Jones 
UDJO: A M Mills: C M Oliver (SCk S 
L Pinaway: C O Ramon: S A Roberts: 



Faculty of Social and Etrriroo- 
meBtal Stadies 
BA (Ha«) 

Ai Udrasn— - 
crass fc T Tong- 

crass flONv f)i Y C A OtecK C Chub 
R a Combes: R A CorrttWK M J 
Edwaros: E L Ng: 1 M Shaw; H C 
Thomas: A S W Wong. 

Mam II CMv XU R T Ajmtayard: P J 
Baxter. T C Britton; A Brooks: R M 
Burnham: K H.ChengtT. W Cheun g. J 

^^Vc A TlS^k S j^SS: 

S B V Weston: D j wood. - 
Mats tt S K Anjarwatla; W M A 
Jenkinson; S R Poole: J A Walker 
Otdhno: p S Maiinde: J E K Poh. 

J C Daly; S Elphtcfc: D i Fleming: _ _ 
Hicks: G J Hooper: C H johnsioe: S 
Kotavinsky: M J Leathley: H J 
Mackenzie: J McCaw: j M 
Owens: N A I Thomas: K C . . 
R wm tarns: H M Witts: K E 
crass Ufc s J FOK M T Johnson: J M 
Moran: k J Neal: c S ouoyie 

Para Mathematics (SES> 
crass fc o R Bowies: C R Strickland. 
Cla*s II (Mv iy. M S Murphy, 
crass U (Mv 23: G J H Atkinson: A 
Dooley: D L Kokmko: l S Mason. 
Maas Hfc K A Annum: P D terta R M 
Eaan; p j Ganodfl M R McOennon: T 
J Watson. 

Ordinary Dsgrae of BA: T J Cronin, 

crass n row ii: H p fuwr H v 
Brasnett: J Dav fe R F lTanCh: M.T M 
Hayes: I A Hutchinson: K V Kelly: A 

Smith: H J WestwelL 

Mass II CPU Q: LA Arrqw smah : DA 

&£ n SSS¥o , ‘o J H ^Tc LL S 

b ogunmuytwa: M A Vanyan: K A 

famhfciart Hataun (SE S) 

Llewellyn: B A Merricks: M A Noone 
P Nukl: A Shirting; L F Treble: L R 

S Bashir: M Buxton: J 


Crass III: J A Corbett- 

Ordinary Defraa dlfcEW Bril 

Caarifdanal A . smtattH S a tan sa A 

L Y Law: C M L MML OTooW: B 
H Ray: P Richards: J M Si m: A J 
Snath: P M war&rtck: S M Williams. 

F L Caidw CaXaga ol riiraiailwi 
Crass B (Dtv W Y A Chan: L M 
Ford: P AMuntfoN: W H Plnntngton: 
L Rogers C S Yau. 

crass a (Mv 73: L L Bannteter: S W 
A Chow; J M CVIkm: H E Jagger: Y W 
Lee: O L H Ling: B A Roberts: D M 
Wan; R Watson. 

Crass life C s Prtacma Kwoog: M l 
J eanne Lam. 

Uvarpeol bradtroa at ittstaar Ednas - 


BEd (Hens) 

S A Cahill: J E Krily. 

BEd Onllnray 
chaster csIihb 

CM AusUn: P A Batin': S J Sevan: 
D Bolton: O Bouoon: S P Dobson: L E 
James: A Keasfc L J Malden: S 
Rodgers: P J Scragg: G L Sharpe: S J 
Smith: A C Tisdale: J M Townley: C S 

Uvarpooi testUnra af Mshar Eritsa- 

M Aiunson: A C Crotch; A D 
Edwards: J Evans: P C Fulton; A E 
Craney: E J Hulley: J M Kenyon: P A 
Kershaw: K P Lee: J E Leytond: J E 
Williams: R Young. 

tn-Sarvica BEd (OrdknnO 

SSS^gj^^^teaSI! J 

Satanaa Ednoazlaa 

C R Anderson: P M Barlow: P G 
Evans: C J^Green: C Jackson:. P A 
Raynen P A Warwick: I Woods. 

BA (CaaanQ wttii Hamm 
Chatter Critaga 

ctm 1 : F K POIIL- G M Rooiwen 
Man R, Dtatstan tTP Beadle: K L 
Benson: N Carter: D A Castledlne; C J 
crriUn; I oroasdell: A J Cummlia; A P 
Dodd: M E Downes; N E Faulks: S 
Liddell: R Morgan: A L Newion: K R 
Pritchard: C E Taylor: D A Verhov en: 
A J Wyatt. 

Class It, DMstan 2: M Adcock: HD 
Agombar: W L Amos: J E Ashby: D I 
Ashworth: M R Barnard. t M 
Blumner; S H Brown: V ffiriw: M J 
Caddlck: G A Clark: j a Ctarke; I A 
Cota: C Corker: L Cowley: B J Craven. 


Long: L E Marks; J M T O’Brien; J C 
C Olver: P E Orritt: A C Roberts; P L 
Rush ton: FJ Sauieft L Sharpe: C A 
Smiih: F Stuart: H C Vergano: C J 

ClfcM B (MVpi PM Boye*TCraAfc R 

jgltShr D MSWlfllams. 
doss Hfc A p Ashley. 

crass n (D«» ij: J D T Bun»eck:-E 



crass It A Swartxick. 

r j ™SS^iu.' . 

Mm fc g J Yatcs.- 

Ctasi B (Mv 23 : M J woouara. 

Physics wttfc Pa srr ew tas 
Mm te S E O Hoey. 

Mm n (Mv i) R houbmoi: s p 

dm B (Mv SJr M A WmL 
Maas IfcRT Pamlon; M G PowriL J R 
W SouihaU. 

Phy sic s wm Haurtris Ma ai 
Class It (Mv 1 )i K L Ainsworth: A M 
Graham: . _ 

Mm It (Mv 2): K Oe Hoertfi. 
crass in: s R Tayl or. 


Roberts: F M Ryaiu J E Steele: CSJ 


Psyshslv g y 


L wfekeflcM. 

Mm ROC Read. 

H Grubb: C F Kabboo: S A A Harvey; 
L A Juggins; J icaur: K A Karaw. TO 
Lawrence: C. J. Lee: S A Locke . T 
McGrary: A J Mould: K Mimarir C D 
J O'Kano: C S PtanersA S i&bv: J 
RadcUffe: A J RoUV: A J Rosenthal: A 
M Ross: D M Ssundem: JA Sayers J 
A -Simmons; T P A Smyth: S M 
Thonusso: D Varney: P.vas^i p R 
Vaughan Williams: K wash: S J 
waters: R J White M J Wtnterteaom. 
Ctm Hfc P K Hooky: D J McNabk T 
t Paulo: A E Ptdtavanee: s E Pn nor. 
J F Sargent: D L Stringer. 

Ordinary : P G Edwards: M Leach. 

MKKttls P M DUkm. 

Facnlty of Engineering 


CtaB Bralnasslnc 

Mass fc D J Bateson: D Leung: D Wee 
D K wiotamaon. 

Ctm 0 (Div 1)1 S N Al Qsm M 

M Ntmrc N P sanoers: N P Sum van: j 
Will tarns. 

Oats- Ilk A S Brook M K Mohamed 

W Mil: R A Oglettiy. 

Ordfcnry: AJSKAI Lahitam:-A A 
Dunsmore K 5 Swriss. 

Toffoio: M Watson: S J watt, 
am ll QNv 2 ): J e Acred: J a Adams; 

Mm fcJ Hodson walker: Y L K Mo: P 
C Yip. 

Ota II CDN n-G Asstmakopoulos: R 


Smith: R O Thomas. 

Ord laai y . C J Hardman. 

Latham: & C Mania: A C Percy: S L 

haas?- , 3 c A c, s^gi^;‘w 


Ctoss Bfc J Bratko; E L Bramble: C R 

Otdbary: s McKenna. . 

BtnfciSTT Sndtaj 

Crass U (Mv JJs M J BarTWtft A R 
Berkeley: P Christian: C D Franklin: 
D J Gay: J E cuneuool: M Hancock: N 
D Haro; j Laird: J M Reynolds: D J 
Thomas: S Whittaker 
Grass II (MV 2)t P D Berry; A L 
Bradley: P E Brown: A N Marshall: M 
A MeCraih: C J Parmritter. B Price; R 
A WaflXHim: F M Yip. 

Ordhunc B Qian: J R Hem us: M A 
Pound: I ft Shaw, _ 

Cfan H (Mv 1 ): A H Acklam: A C 
Bark Jones: J WM Bartow: B A 

mardn: V Heuiertncnon: A M 

Smith: K Wearmoutlu 8 F wnab. 

crass if 

Bontho: C Bradbury: DJCarley: 

Han; A McMulUn: Aft PerkfoK S-J 
PUimgvr: M D socedman: j M Sykes; 
A GBtylvesier: M A 
Wtamo: M J A Weston: N P WVnne. 
cuts HR R 1 Atkinson: DC GSdltaU: A 
a Home A E McCauley: G G 

(Mtassy P tr— af BA: P S Retd. 

D J Gay: J E GJassooofcM Hancock: N 

Jn^SSM: * 

A McGrath: G J Barmen len B Price: R 

Crass IK A P Bottomley; W J Hodgson: 
p a McPherson: J H Tueker. 

Mm II (MV 2): A V DdleVOrt: T A 

crass ufc p d wood- 
tUNvasni Eswntttas A Aosauat 

ctau- n run i): n v Manard: s c 

crass It (Mv xy M T E Anson, 
cuts DR W HKhWC N J Hornby: C E 
Hunt N F Slater 

BraisttfaB A fastfc* 

Ctm B (Div 1): B T Boyle, 
eras IB: j E Robinson. 

Gaapaphy & Pi U HtMlr Ar sln aalo p 
Ctm U (Mv 2>: A J WrighL 


Mm H (Mv 1 )r J Qils-MiUen W P Y 

C Olver: P E Orrttt: A C Roberts; P L 
Rush ton: FJ Scarlett: L Sharpe: C A 
aniLh: F Stuart: H C Vergano: C J 

Macs Ifc L Barton: C V CoUhyptonb: 
S E Qitland: C M Parr: C L Ptulpons; 
C J Synetu A C Vandle. 

Uvrapoal ktttttuia «r Hfabsr nrassttnn 
dm fc E A McKirdy: C L Walker. 
«-rs II (Mv fl;AJ Armstr o ng: L S 
pit: M A ramMon: L R Banham: 
Brennan: J Butler: M Carr. It 

P Cowin; P J Dickinson: - ~ 

Doogan: C Faulkner: A G Flood: 
Harmey: AM Heerey: A F Kellaweii. 
D L Hodktnsorv: E J Hogan: C_M 
Horton: S G Hughes: L T John: B L 
Kavanagh: G A Kennedy: E F 
Kltahaw: M FMoottey; S C Pejns: E L 
Pitman: E M Rae.- A M Bm* D TSri- 

Ctass II (Div 2): & Asplnall. J C Ball: 
_ J Bardsfey: J C Baylrt': s Detutel. c 
C Bewick: D N Bird: C Boy Ian: G M 
Briggs: G K Bums: J M Bums: S J 
Canadian: T J Chatwin: M Cooney. S 
A Corteti; A Cotlam: L M Coward j a 
C oyne: I S Crone: A A Crulchlev: D E 
Cureton: E A CurttK A Daviea. J A 
Davison, p M Daybell; J A Dtckurson: 
M T Doherty: E A Donnelly: K S 
Eamshaw: J M Firkins: P A man. D 
C Godfrey; J E Graham: R G Cnee. E 
J Haisail: M C Handle-. F L Hartley. S 
A Henderson: D Honnor: D w Biff. M 
G Ion: M D Jardlne: ft C Jones: E M 
Kearney: C G Kelly: P G KerweU: A 
R Lruf; P M Uvesey: J Maddison: G A 
Maluu C L MannTM T McDonneU: B 
Meua: A B Mown: A S Moss: T F 
Mulligan: J M E 0"Byme: M B O Neill: 
N E CTNein: T L Peskelt: A L Phillips: 
S A Potts: J L Rele: C RUey: J PpHA 
L A Smith. S M Smith. S P Smith. J C 
Strain: H M Sullivan; H J Taylor: M 
Vaughan: G Walker: J Waller. J H 
Walsh: E Walson E M Weaver. P 
Wherty: R N While. C M Wickham. 

Clm III: I M Austin; D M Boorock: 
M T Cahill: F P Dales: R E Dwyer: V 
G Johnston: J M Lomax: E A Martin: 
A B McCormack: E M Mosct oo: L A 
Mumhy: M E Nansen: N A Ouuui: S A 
Rimnwn S A Rodrimiez: H M Skade: 
D J Smith: I Smith: K P Smith. J 
Tyndall: A C viggers: C S Weston. 

BA (Pnsno with honeun 
Cbesrar CaUsgs: A M Perctvpi. 
Urttpori manna at Hfabar Eduaa- 
Ekxc PM Connolly: S P Lowe: PM 
McDermott: V Morris: J P Roche: C S 


S P Lowe 

D C AUdrwge: hftuSn: R Ander- 
son: K J Averts: E A Baker: L C 
Bakewell: G Bamford: K A Bate: C H 
BayflMd: L R Bee: M Bellamy: J D 
Bennett: C L Boyle: S L Brayshaw: K 
A Carter: A D Galon; S J Clark: A F 
Connolly; S Coriett: J S Cunmnoham: 
R L Davies: J A Deakin: J C Dell. J 
Dawtaggin: C ouiiv-. H G Dunley: j 
DunniM J Eaton: J S Dlls: S K Ellis: 
G Enritatv D H Evans: D A Fisk: S L 
Fondyke: T A Foster P Foulkes: J J 
Fran ns: J Ctynn: K A Griffiths: N A 
Haines: S F Hail: J Hamnett. K J 
Harding: E Harper: C J Harrow: R L 
Hart: R Hawkey: C A HenshaU: A J 
HU): E M Home: N C Hose: R J 
Housley: J K Hughes: A J Humes': w 
C Jones G N Wng: O E Lee: P E 
Leeson: Q Lloyd: l MacDonald: P L 
Mackintosh: J S Maklnson: K E 
Markland: A R McBurmy: J M 
McCarthy: S A Metcalfe; E K Milbum: 

I R Mills: S Murray; G Nelson. M E 
Newton: A O'Neill. S Owen: T S 
Palin: L C Payne: L C Plulpon: A N 
price: R A Price: H Randle. M J 
Rawstron: L A Renau: J L Rigo. J M 
Rutnerforit: C A Sandiord: C A 
Schofield. D C Scaly: A J Sewell. H M 
<hergoid: Ml H Slater: K J.Souier: A E 
owemy: T swodey. W Sion. J 
ansiey. C Taylor: M J Taylor; A L 
j R Thompson, R T 

A L vemove: 4 L 

VoftzenJogel: P Walsh: j Walton: J P 
Warren: K Wilkinson: J H WUUams- J 
M Wilson: N M WISH art 5 L wrlght 
Liverpool tmiun at Msber Edus»- 
ttofB J J Atkins: D A Bdlley. Clare M 
Booth; P C Bradley: F M Bums: S P 
Chamberlain: A V coffrll: N J 
Curuunonam: 8 A Curran. J Day: A M 
Dunn: A M Edwards: a M Elliott: P M 
Ellison: C E FeUierslone; C Fox. S H 
Min: G P Coucher: m J. Gov In: S J 
een: M A Haisail: I A Handley: S J 
nalhernch: G A Herd: M J Hester: M 
M Holtona. V Hope. S E Hudson. K A 
Hurtaooe: H Jackson: H M Johnson: 
B Killed: V J Llttier: A P Lumb. A J 
ions: F J Madden: J McDermott: L 
McEinauon: p h Mooney. P w 
Mon on: D A O'Connri): T A 
O'Connor. N A Ormes: L I O'Sullivan: 
D M Petty: J M prarival: K R Powell: 
C M Ralctdord: D H Reeves. G J 
Redly: j Roberts: G Robertson. K A 
Rose: H J Rowan; D Seddon; M 
Sun ms: $ p strawford: E T Taylor: P 
veninden: P A Walker: D M Vraie- 
head: G A Wright K E Wngley 

Faculty of Education and Evlen- 
siod Studies 
Department of Education 

A B Aroctia Rolas: 1 Chlsnal): V s 
Cook: K M A Cooney: R A Coward: J 
R Cunningham: R W Doiey: P E 
Edmondson C J Fitzoalriek, D J 
Franklin: I L Frowe: J L Glover: J 
Gallagher; c A Hackman, s K 
Hcnneasy : R M Jennings: A S Jones. P 
M King: E E Lucas: M McCusker: C 
McKIttriclu S Peacock. J P Prior. 
Egerton: J A •Roberts: E Sutton; M B 
Slock er: D F Taylor: H McD Teller-. M 
E Thomas: w w Walson: E White: C 

Exeter University 

P A McPherson: J H Tueker. 
Ordtoray fcme 8 Qian: J R Hemus: 
M A Pound: I R Mriw. 

EMMttfa History 

Mass B (Mv f)t S Barker: S M Cook: 
M wffitS^VM’wiul * n,: J 

Mand: A M J McCncfcard: S W Pete I 
E Quayle: I Retell ffe: M Saunders: S G 
Sunmonas: T L Stewart: H W Wong. 
Clan lib 8 W Kendetfc Y K P Mok: EC 
Y Ng; P J Smiles; T C Turner. 
Onfiavy Perns of BArtte AKBinkr. P 
G Fi-anUm: G N Heywood: R G 
leader: HAS Mkwawa; M M 
BEd (Hans) 

Mtottar robots 

bSE Bush by: J A CUT: C M 
Hcmi: K-yKHK M Y A Yip. 
Ctass H [OH tj: C-C Chan: M A 


MsSveraon: M K Tai: C wyche- 


wood: J L wngnt s A Young. 

A Healy: D E Shipman. G K sum*. 

^Uvarpaal teriffitta of Mcbar Bduoa. 

Man tWHflLtLM Wheatley. 

We regret that the following had 
their names omitted or their 
degrees wrongly classified in the 
list published on August 6 c 

BA: D Goiilm. American and 
Commonwealth Arts in.l}: S M Hood- 
German (U.2C S C M Capri. 
Mainematics and PfiuosoDrwm.l^P 
D Ferrle. Mathematics and pnltooptry C Haynes-curifc. pruiosophv C J Monkman. PWlooortiy fD^c 
F P Nichoton. Ptulowphy ilLtfc J M 
R piesse. PhUoOTW J M 
CtanvlUc. meotogy UJ.l). 

BA In Serial SBMfcac S B J Wood. 
Economics ili-St A M Mai on. 
Economics and Geography <11.21: T G 
Price. Politics 1 11 . 21 : M Lawson. Social 
Poucy and Admlmstrauon (DLir M A 
Loveard. Accountancy Ul. 

lib S Griffiths 1 II. 21 . C J Norman 
(RJ?): □ J Pudge (Q.l): M J Pugh dUl: 
S F Waiey ill^i. 

iStt A K Macdonald. BJohwJral 
Scirnres m.l r M L Tipping. BuMOmcal 
Sciences (ZooJoqj'l (li.iv. S R Bird. 
Cheramry UL 2 I. G P BfcuuU. Ghcm- 
teirv in. 1 1 : pcoogms. Chenifeirv 
R Corben. Chemetrv riL2i. D P J 
Croriiv. Chemistry ( 111 J' A J Dalrym- 
Me. Chemirirv tin G H Darby. 
Chenusiry ( 0 ^ 1 . S P Ducat. Chimnin* 
(tt.l/. L A Edmans. ChMustrv Uttl; C J 
Hawn. Chemistry din: c E Hinderks. 
Chemistry Hl. 2 i: S L Kenion. Chem- 
rary nui: A R Luim. ChemiSlry ( 11 . 2 ). 
R J Mcgena. Chemislrv. mi i. S P 
AUibone. Computer Science (IllJ.T J 
Bodkin. Computer Science illji. M J 
webb computer Science (li.Sk T R 
Gibbs. MaUiemaurs m it- n A 
Vaughan. Psychology il], 2 i M O 
Taiham. Emnneenog Science (n_2». 
B&w.D J Heape. Chemical Engineer 
|ng Til. ll. 

BEifc S Win man <n2i 







01-481 1066 


Guide to 
career choice 


We have been teaching students since 1839, longer than all but the oldest 
universities. This considerable tradition enables us to provide successful 
and' interesting courses. The Institute has two colleges with excefent 
facilities, particularly the libraries with their special collections. Both 
colleges are In attractive settings with access to the South Downs and the 
sea. Students find this a good environment for learning and recreation. 
Brighton and London are easily accessible. There are opportunities for 
students to follow degree programmes and professional training, 
particularly for teaching. The following degree programmes are currently 

BJL (Honours) 

3 year full-time 

Students may choose to follow two subjects at degree level as a Major {* 
of the time)/Minor combination or Joint Honours. The subjects offered are: 



Religious Studies 

major joint and minor components 

Related Arts 

- joint and minor components 

t component only combined with a joint 
Ush or the 3 subjects below 


these subjects may be taken as joint 
components with Related Arts or 
minor components with any other subject 

minor component only. 

Thus, for example, a student could achieve a BA. (Hons) En< 
History or BA (Hons) ReEgious Studies with Art or other com 
from the above BsL 

BJL Sports Studies. 

3 years fulMfme (no vacancies for 1986 entry) 

B.Ed. (Honours) 

4 years ful-time. 

. Training for Primary education or Secondary education 
(with main secondary subjects in Mathematics and Physical Education). 

Emphasis is placed on teaching in small groups and we have hxftriduaf 
tutorials which are held in a relaxed and friendly atmosphere and give you 
opportunity to explore and develop your own ideas. We operate a 
supportive Personal Tutorial system, and accommodation is available to 
the majority of our students. There is a regular, free, transport system 
between the two Colleges. 

Further information is available from the Admissions Office, Room 148, 
West Sussex Institute of Higher Education, The Dome, Upper Bog nor 
Road, Bognor Regis, West Sussex P021 1HR (Telephone 0243 865581). 

\ V V\fest Sussex Institute I n c o rp orating^ 
Higher Education 





90 home study courses: 
'OVA', professional etc. 

Ask for free ‘Guide 
to Courses’ 

Applications are invited for the post In the Main Li- 
brary of Librarian III - Head of Cataloguing Unit (to be 
responsible for planning, organizing, directing and co- 
ordinating an cataloguing and classification activities). 
Applicants with proven managerial abHty should have 
a good first degree, professional quafificatfons in 
fibrary /information science, and substantial catalogu- 
ing experience in an academic setting inducting LC 
cal ss ification. OCLC end on-fine catalogues. 

Annual Salary Range: TTS54 ,708-$77,604 Pension, 
Passages, Housing. Appficabons to Registrar, detail- 
ing quafifrcations and experience and naming three 
referees. Further information available from the Sec- 
retary General, Association of Commonwealth 
Universities (ApptsV, 36 Gordon Square, London 

fluramrai pjcv Lsuni 
quality looming xoDtociBlsi 
Expert tattoo. Rnoual 

KnHnlng y gnri Tterarmlra 

Ask for free Cambridge 
Revision Service 

National Extension 
College, Dept 80, 
Freepost, C ambri dge 
C821BR. Tel (0223) 


This 20-wcck residential Coerce provides intensive theoreti- 
cal and practical mining in Quid Care. 

The mining given bridges the gap between the cn profca riowal 

aujxnr and the nursery nurse wnh an NNEE qmlificauoa by 
oncTmg systematn: union of much staler duration and con- 
sequently at a fraction of the cost covering all aspects of 
childcare with the exception of hospital mining. 

Tuition is given by folly qualified and experienced tutors and 
a Certificate is mended on satisfactory campktkrn of the 

avurmiT prospects afthi thawing are ataian 
Details from: 



The Principal. 

Low Middleton Hall 
MkkUeion-l nc- Row. 
Darlington. Co. Durham. 
TcfcDinsdaic <03^5) 33JWI 
Hdpcrby (04016) 242 
TcIcjuSI 152 ANN MED G 

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retake courses send two 
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Do you have the motivation to complete 
your degree in two years and build upon 
your ‘A’ level achievements? If so. find out 
more about studying as an undergraduate 
at the University of Buckingham, 

Britain's only chartered independent 

Degree courses commencing January 3987 
are available in the following subject areas: 

4c Accounting ami Financial 

* Business Studies 

* Economics 

* Law 

* Biology— 

Computer Science — combined 


* English * History * Politics 

* European Studies and Modern 
Languages — 5 options 
(October 1986 start in Europe). 

Why retake your COE'S 

Recent Student* - Comments 
men new attude (nAImb 
and better {paded* 

'Friend^ hetpUmPanj km 
ofgwd GmecM&noe.~ 

*ks been moreBae going to 
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— Sbtii Form Coieae. 

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Tfcfc 01-581 3307 


Lampeter. flestdanOal. 

HtaNy quafified teaching. 
Wide variety of 0& A 
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Supervised study 4 
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safflng; treking, etc, or 
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sypatheticafly handled. 
Ring 057 045 381 
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We are not in UCCA clearing and we 
interview all promising candidates who 
can offer at least two *A’ levels. 




Interested? Then 

Telephone Buckingham (0280) 814080. 
or complete and post the coupon below. 
The Admissions Office, 

The University of Bn ckingham. 
Buckingham MK18 1EG. 

Study for Accountancy, 
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251982/512021 (24 hf) 

Please send me a Prospectus and 
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For Prototcta 
Tot QuifaBord 
(0443) 8807 
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■ftt 01-499 3201 TOec 267612 DMCLON G 

Ma Magda Meakins 
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GCE Conan at Davie* 1 ! CoDqp. 66 Southampton How. London WCJ 
and Davies’! College. 44 CnntetB Road. Owe, Sussex. 



% M JUNE 85 

4tM JAN 












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Prespectes Iran: The Registrar, Metes Staiy Cohn, 
73 George Street, Oxford 0X1 2BQ. 

Tel: (0865) 245172, 248349 

Official French Government Establishment 
Native French teachers - hidi auaiitv courses 

Native French teachers - high quality courses 
Bilingual Secretarial College 1-2 year 

Soma places stffl avaftable 

Intensive Courses in oto French 

SO1 15 Sapt (1/2 or 10 weeks) 

Evening: General Language - Discussion groups - 
Degree in Ranch Studies, 


__ 14 Cnsnrefl Place, Lada, SW7 2JH 

m m n unmawon rmc, umre, 

I El Tet 81-589 6211. Ed 42 

■ ■ 81-581 2781, Ext 21 

Your chance to Stady in London and 
America and Experience the Best of 
Both Worlds 

Wc arc o small specialist AagtoAmcrioB Unmnny Grifcge re Ken- 
smpoB, Loadon offering accitdncd degree propa mm ec 
Law LLB • Urcvtrsty of London JEacrm!) 

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teamfcpAwtetty SCIENCES * 

UCCA aad CHwi AMea 

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LLandoa MB SSL 1U: 01-837 3aSBfl 14 

K you just missed the grade... 

ist Thursday A-levd candidates CfnHi»ntc hflVP failed Still be made offers during the ha 

noughout the land received iheir JtUdentS WHO nave IdllCU WBete - ..y 

Last Thursday A-levd candidates 
throughout the land received their 

I spent the morning at Peter Symonds 
College, a sixth-form institution in 
Hampshire, sitting with a careers adviser 
and careers teacher as they held instant 
counselling sessions with pupils. Fortu- 
nately. very few had foiled their exams 
but there were a number whose results 
were variations on their conditional 
offers. Given the uncertainties of entry to 
higher education this year, it meant that 
the state of suspense on acceptance or 
rejection would be prolonged for at least 
another week. 

Peter Symonds College sends about 75 
per ant of its sixth-form on to degree 
courses, with aJarge number of Oxbridge 
successes. It means that there are strong 
social as weD as academic pressures to 
get into higher education and the college 
goes to extensive lengths to collaborate 
with its local careers office to ensure that 
pupils are well advised during this 
crucial period. 

“For students who have just missed 
their required grades by a point or two it 
is still very likely that they will be 
accepted." said Sue Rogers, the local 
careers adviser, who will be in the college 
virtually non-stop until the end of 

"The problem is that it depends very 
much on the course. In some cases such 

to get the right A-level 
grades can still get a 
place on a degree 
course. Edward Fennell 
gives some tips on how 
to go about it 

The Times Network for Schools and 
during the next few weeks the careers 
teacher, Paul Northcott, will be working 
alongside Sue Rogers probing for va- 
cancies at the polytechnics and institu- 
tions of higher education. 

A scan of courses on Thursday 
morning showed that across the nation 
teacher training courses were, almost 
without exception, undersubscribed. As 
with the polytechnics, the Bachelor of 
Education courses are experimenting 
with a new application system this year 
which makes it difficult for lecturers to 
gauge exactly how full (or empty) their 
courses are. 

But David Bolton of King Alfred's 
stitute ofHieher Education felt that his 

The trick lies in identifying 
where yon will be viewed as 
a good candidate 

as medicine; dentistry, law and vet- 
erinary science there is no room for 
error. And conditional offers from 
Oxbridge may have to be met in full. But 
it depends on how well other candidates 
have done and on the circumstances of 
the individual.” 

According to Mr P Oakley, general 
secretary of tire Universities' Central 
Council on Admissions, the joker in the 
pack is the effect of the teachers' strike. 
“It could be that the overall results are 
lower this year because of the impact of 
tire industrial action and it may be that 
the universities are more flexible than 

The admissions tutors in the univer- 
sities take some time to digest the exam 
results and to decide what variation they 
will permit on the conditional offers. 

“I'm afirtid all I can say to students is 
that they must be patient," said Sue 
Rogers. “By the end of next week almost 
everyone will have been notified by 
UCCA on where they stand and, until 
then, tire most they can do is think about 
alternatives in case they're not 

Peter Symonds College is hooked up to 

Institute of Higher Education felt that bis 
college was in line with others in bong 
short of good applicants — especially in 
subjects such as craft, design, technology 
and music 

Even in a popular “main subject" for 
teacher training, like English. 34 out of 
5 1 courses were still looking for students, 
and in religious studies it was 31 out of 
43. For maths and physics it should be 
posable to get into teacher training 
virtually anywhere if your grades are at 
all reasonable. 

The next two weeks is the period when 
all the vital, but unofficial, deals are done 
between candidates and colleges. The 
clearing schemes for both polytechnics 
and universities swing into action on 
September 1, but. by then, the smarter 
students will lave brought themselves to 
the attention of admission tutors. Even 
popular courses can take on fresh 
applicants at this late stage. 

“We have about 1 .200 applications for 
65 places." said Tim Wheeler, ad- 
missions tutor for the degree course in 
communications and media production 
at the Dorset Institute of Higher Educa- 

“It's a popular course because about 
half the time is spent on practical 
production in radio and video projects 
so tire students gain lots of hands-on 
experience. But even though we are very 
popular we still expect to pick up about 
seven or eight of our eventual students 
about now. The fluidity within the 
system means that good candidates can 

still be made offers during the Iasi few 
weeks." . 

The trick, of coarse, lies m identifying 
where you will be viewed as a good 
candidate. Mr Wheeler puts almost as 
much emphasis on personal qualities 
and a portfolio of creative work as he 
does on A-levd grades: Subjects that are 
more “academic" will depend bn exam 
results alone. 

Mr Northcott of Peter Symonds 
College emphasises that, in general, the 
engineering and applied science courses 
are the ones to aim for: They are more 
likely to have vacancies, and they offer 
good career prospects. At Kingston 
Polytechnic, for example, a new degree 
course in manufacturing engineering 
(which ispacked full of the latest robotics 
and computing) needs to recruit stu- 
dents. It offers a short cut to excellent 
career prospects in high-tech industry 
but is in danger of being overlooked. 

The same applies to physics, 
mathematics, computer studies and 
electronic engineering. In aD of these 
vital subjects, applications through 
UCCA went down significantly this year. 
Meanwhile, accountancy, business stud 
ies and law went op. 

As Mr Oakley of UCCA comments 
“On the basis at these figures it is likely 
there will be places through clearing in 
those subjects where applications de- 
clined and unlikely there will be places 

For wflths and physics it is 
possible to get into teacher 
training virtually anywhere 

where applications have increased." 

Mr Northcott finds there is still some 
prejudice against polytechnics among his 
students. “I had a chip on my shoulder 
for the first six months of being in poly," 
said one former Peter Symonds student, 
“and then I suddenly realized the course 
was much better than the one Td applied 
for at university.” 

There is little doubt that the teething 
problems following this year's introduc- 
tion of new application methods for 
polytechnics and teacher training is 
causing considerable anxieties among 
both schools and institutions. One 
business studies course at a polytechnic, 
for example, has made over 600 offers 
for 60 places and is desperately hoping 
that most of those candidates will either 
foil or go elsewhere because it is obliged 
by law to take people who have satisfied 
Its conditional requirements. 

The best policy is to seek advice from 
your careers teacher, exploit the comput- 
erized vacancy information at your 
school or careers office, and then make 
contact with admissions tutors. But 
waste not a moment — speed is of the es- 
sence at this stage of the game. 

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43 Ha rrin gto n Gardens, tendon SW7 4 JU 
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(Esc 1031 {tender Member a(C I FQ 

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r Tell Us Your ^ 
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You could qualify fora place at Dorset Institute if 
you send the coupon or telephone as soon as you 
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Your Future Starts Here 

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LLB» ■ BSc (Econj? ' 

‘A’ Level Grades need not hold yon back! 

London University’s Bachelor of Laws degree, or the new 
Bachelor of Science degree which now specialises in 
Aci^iinlaiicy/Mariagement Studies/Banking, Trade & Industry/ 
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Entry: 2 Mi grade D(LLB) or E(BSc) forourFun/Rnt-time 
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Da yn wart 

an exciting and creative career? 
Do yoa Dave 

at least oae good A level result? 
Da yea have 

Mathematics and English 0 level? 

If the answer is ‘yes' to these three Questions then get in touch 
with PCL and move into technology. The Polytechnic of Central 
j London is offering two iw* courses in technology aspect lor 
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The — de n i Ea yiM ri ig Fmmdrt e w (Mg) is a certified one 
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Job prospects are saperh fa fee area af teeboofafy. Why net 
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Loafciag far the right course? 

BSc Canpater Systems Techaelagy 

PLC is offering a brand new forr war degree progranme, 
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Applicants should be wen motivated, with a knowfedge of Math- 
ematics and Electricity to A level standard. 

Art art more abort He aosRtag am name aad gat aa task 
far a better Mon. 

For information about ad three of the above courses, contact 
The Regtstiy. Faculty of Enmeering and Science. PCL, 115 New 
Cavendfeb Street London W1M 8JS. Tet 01-466-5611 erring 
01-486 5811 and ask for batfel Enquiries (eats 213/214) for up- 
to-date vacancy tofonnatoon about these and other PCL courses. 

The Po i yfsCfviic o' Cer'rca Lcrao' 


IMeqpafii^ Coarse Vacaacies 

The Polytedihfc'SHintral London stffl has vacanctes for (he 
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BA/BAmons) -Modem ..tannages - Arabic jointly with 
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tate Management 1 

BTEC HMDs irr Business Studies: Compute Studies (Computer 
Systems Mamtoance); Engfoeemg - specialising in Computer 
Aided or Mechanical and Production Engineering 
Accountancy Foundation Course: DjifE Office tatormation Tech- 
nology with Language; Modem Bigmeering Foundation Course 
(s ponsorship andTunding available); Russian ab initio to A level; 
PCL Diploma m Engfch as a Foreign Language 
For up-to-date irtfomtation on these and other PCL courses, ring 
to Initial Enquiries Service now on: 

01-488 5811 exts .213/214 (9.30-5.30. weekdays) or 
01-580 1322 (at other limes - Answerphone service) 
at write to: hitiri Enquiries Service PCL, 36 Mayiebone Road, 
London NW1 5LS. 

T re Po'y^chn-c C‘ Cc< 


Malvern, Wares. 

T th CoHrafl <0684) 40428 
Principal: Mrs. B-J. Trafford-Roberts 


Residential courses off ered In CORDO N BLEU COOK- 

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BA. BSc and BEd 
Honours Degree Courses 

BA Applied Social Sciences BA Geopapfiy 
BA Engpsh BEd Primary Speciafta 

BA Kstory BSC Geography 

BA Urban PoUcy and Race 

Edge Kill College is an associated coHege of the 
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tirrt rg'-n’ i 






For farther information 


Krv AM. Matthews, 
Admissions Officer (R9). 
Edge Hffl CoHege of Hfeber 
Education, Ormfckfc. 

P Lancashire L394QP. 

Tet (0699 75171 Ext 269 


Why not consfcter tfw W iD Ch>fl Engteaeifug offered by 
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Telephone Ptymoulh (07S2) 264660, or write to Sue 
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may be made bytetephonteg the Course information 
Uret (0752) 264674, or by writing to the Academic 
Ragtahrar at the above address. 




Established 1889 


The oideaead man nprricnccd Tutorial College m Loodoo 

Retake and 1 Year Courses in most subjects. 

For Prospectus: 103 Goal Rumd Street. London WClB 3LA 
Tdepbone 0I-S80 4676 (24 horns) 


Cunendy. many ax-students of MTC ere totewing dm 
courses, aWnugh mar were tenures' at school. We hefeed 
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KOrnni Lane, loodon W10 
Tel: 01-960 5899 ml 01-969 1269 (24 hra) 
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There are stilt a tew places available for 
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History, Music, Philosophy and Theology - 
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com. fifty nqam 1 A fertl ( ttrein g far HO O s in ii Tf y . fttyria or itatomtek* lor MB) 
Pburics). PonibSty at tnahr to a Agraa e bu t m. 01-549 1366 



mw i ulannuy lystun sa lafaa. nfcsttnl ps tHw r and wstniafa caopatwHndad darign and 
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HEa|/ Bfa| flasa ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS EN6INEEMN6 4-ym mdiidi town 
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■ io o ti wc m r appSc a no u s , finandri pfimdng aid brmB. 01-549 1366 

Bfa| Has CIVIL ENGINEERING Lyre nn dw i th n 3ps hlto one with 
r o npn fam toteatowal wfor adored did i n g rrerirefa r *o >4nitBicMrai.B «owd wi n . 
waw engung and aasagoreant. 01-549 0151 

BSc Hoot INFORMATION SYSTEMS BES16N Lyw sardredi mun. A ww wre rare 
for itefenn wite oocndtnafa A Eevris. Da» of e m pi re syxtans ate sataws far brants 
appB af io re 01-543 1366 

B&i Dm MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 4y« stMeh ams.1to«dlreaUih«t 
count indteas itudiu fa dimmce* ate oottoL ooKar Mans, osferiafa, unputtr-ardod darign. 


Bfaa Hre AHUJSPACE ENGINEERING 4yre rerinidi cm iwreHy irimri 
•fa* ioduds stodfas in sttoduns ate natarialL iptm a ara dpa oi ig . propo hio n. cosguM- 
ridte top 01-549 0151 



fatty rapra 1 A Imi (prafirteiy in Physics or Matoartcs). Paa M sy at traosfu to a dagrta 
com. 01-543 0151 at tor Bactraaic En qiB M fing 01-549 1356 

w of Higher Education 

Mi to be a B cgh tarte 


The British School of 


offers a 4-year Diploma 
Course including exten- 
sive cflnical experience in 
tee Out-Patient C&ruc. 

at feast 3 other 
Ctetoma holders (DO) are 
engibie- to apply tor 
membership of-^rthe 
General Council & 
Register of Osteopaths 

TaL 11-938 9254 


University of Sheffield 

BEng in Information and 
Control Engineering 

Entry October 1986 

A Bmted number of places are still available on this 
new three-year Honours degree course In elec- 
tronic systems engineering, taught jointly by the 
Department of Electronic & Electrical Engin^ring 
and the Department of Control Engineering. 

Graduates from tins course will have excellent job 
opportunities in a -wide range of industrial and 
commercial organisations. 

Purifier detaas inn Or. Stephen Banks, Faculty 
of Engin e eri ng , University of Sheffield, Sheffield 
S1Q 2TM, Tet (074Z) 76B555 ext 5136/5250. 

Tire longest established tutorial college in 
Cambridge preparing students for O 
red A level examinations. Retake 
courses are offered- Good student 
facilities and a p prove d 
a c co m o dation. 


^ A ffl ii /r re«w^I|teLiitei|re|Siifl 


The Newnham Sixth Farm Centre 

bare canras | ^ coducstioaaJ eztfa fora college io central Cjmfcridff.Tbc ecflcec 

t i qaiu wAroiotAlcwhon nature of Oand A levels. 

teh. Oxbridge Entrance cour%o aoJ retafce coarse* 
AW cm— auine in SeptearbtT and January are 

«ho offered. Good acccrmruxlwno i> 









EBS ottera o urntpe 4- ywr proyonrie destqred to flewtap erteewe 

rtemotunai manages The couree is practical ond WtieHXwrtKl. 

camtwies ocmwruc wcrX wrti tn-componY tramno in 3 countnes. ond 


Eiwy to EBS London s not aetemned soteN by me gods oavevea in 

’A' tads A nwnOa a! 1st y«» places ore sflll lo Oe offoccSed. emrorca 

ass and nteWMs tote place ore toned tow wreks 

BBS is riM m new prarntses m one of London's most DeouhU pons 

Comact NeftoteBomaaEunweanBraness School. JtegenriCwteqa 

Inner tin*. ReflettsPort^ loraooNWl 4NS Td (01)8355794 

uww pun hlvh>h«t mate 



rp ! m ■. 

" IF ^ t --J-; 

I tereaa i 

For funher information pleaM contact: 
The Coflcer Secirt ar v. The Newofom 
Sixtb Form Centre. 29 Baton Road, 
Cambridge CB3 VLB. 

Tcfcpfaoor: <0223) 677 3 W6 7 749 


GCE Results? 



Individually planned hntion for GCE at 0 dr A level 
One and two-year courses and ooe-term inleosive 
re-take revision. 

Write to The fr iarip al at 8 Breehridr. Cukridfe 
CB2 UK. or teteteone 1223 646S9. 

P lll.lfod 

BEng Agricultural Engineering 
B Sc Agricultura l Technology & Management 

b i r' 

mates and/or wfa s ce tiaate pastas? 
Then wa may haw a place for you on an 
honours degree oouree this October 
Contact NOW the Student neendtment Executive 
Room 24, Stooe CoBaga, SHsoe, Bedford MK45 4DT 

84 % 



Where do 

L . . l 1 


For secretarial 
courses with a 
business content 
study at Belvedere 
Business College 
3 Collins St Oxford 



from Writing. Courses In 
Article Writing. Short 
Stories, Staff Journal- 
ism. Writing for Children, 
T.V & Radio Playwriting 
and others. Fees from 
£38. Brochure from The 
London School of Jour- 
nalism, (T). 19 Hertford 
Street, Park Lane, 
London W1Y 8BB. 

Tet 01-489 825a 

1 < i u : 1 1 ) i o 1 1 1 1 1 1 ■ 

twkseon m * Am *W «ntf 


« O W i<7 


O wwa wnt flTBCUPaw 



‘O’ and ‘A’ LEVEL RESITS? 

We can help yoo improve yonr grades at 

59 Queens Gate. London SW75JP 

Yoa w01 erooy our eflmrve small group ttuoon over a 
term or a year. Your »crem fa our success - and students 
have been succeeding wftb ns for 36 years. Ring for an 
appotaOneM today or return tea coupon. 

01-225 0577 

Member ofCIFE Accredited by BAC 

lb Dc Mlctod I Byt ncr, PrlndpaL Duff Miller CoUegc. 5S Queens 
Goto, London Sw7 6JF Pktse ««»i details of iwJt owno in. 
Name i — 

WJRMCS Read for a Honours Degree 


or CIS* 

at The Royal MHtary College of Science, Shrfvenham 

Tale advantage o( At ingue opoatantaa and fatides offend by Cnmu Bnuffi nar ShtteMm Faofly 
Than m sbB a fw ptaces antaoie convincing October 1986. CEteaU b rat B realtor at UCCA vd thenfan 
ottar rndtar ooton nr a uwettey place. 

AtnopitBU ‘A 1 fneis are an omy taMremait Wusstil sponamtip my to «wftM to aaufaly oua«ed sud«s. 
Good 'A' tavte grades and ■ Shmtuom Scnoartep. Why not fad ora im toot u by coflteabng m 

fWrtmit )t|L 

Ta Acadaodc BapMrar, Bato teRtey Co ttag e of Srianca (Cranfald), 

I am Monrawd In roatog tor an honours degree wkh Cranbato at RMCS. 
Haase sand mo further I nfa m te lo n ana an a pp C ctenn form 

■ Command & Control. Communications - Wormadon Systems 




01-481 1066 

^ M. ipVi i ✓ W 




Following the successful pilot course conducted in 1985, S^-CT^ b pja sc ri to 
advise dm pan-rime courses for people wishing to prepare for roe LKcncw 
Conveyancer Qualifying Examinations will commence in September 1986, ai 
centres throughout England and Wales- 

Two evening sessions per week One or Two year courses 

Frr^f rtf / pwlify fn g gvamfiwrinnq are thiP fn he held TO .TUNE 1987 

Course fee £750 per year (inclusive of textbooks) 

Payment of fees by instalment may be permitted 


25 Janson Road 
Tel: (0703) 777158 

Proposed Local Centres Include 

Southampton Brighton Bristol Northampton 

Bir mingham Swansea Manchester London 

Nottingham Oxford 


GCE retakes - 
Which College? 

Consult us about *0’ and ‘A’ level retakes and 
get expert advice on tutorial colleges. 

Our counselling is free and objective. We will 
handle your enquiries speedily and efficiently 
- our answerphone is available for you during the 
evenings and at weekends. Our offices are just 

f Truma n ^Kni ghtley) 

from Marble Arch. I, Founded 1901 ; 

76{TT) NUTTING HILL GATE, LONDON W11 3LJ. TEL 01-727 1242 
TELEX: 268 141 (refer TK) 

why retake your GCE s 
a at Lansdowne? 

Member of OFE 
Credited by BnC 

Recant Students' Com menu 
■Retaking in a small group gave me a 
new attitude to 'A* levels anabetter 

“Friendly, helpful staff and lots of good 
careers advice. Fantastic!" 

“It's been more fifre going to Univ e r si ty 
and I’ve worked harder as a result!’ 

If yon too would Bte to im p iw cyau r 
grades contact 

Lansdowae Independent Scab Form Coteoc. 
7/9 Palace Gale. Kenstagton, London W85LS. 

» TEL: 01-581 3307 


• W8 i 

01-221 5748 

One-term and 
one-year retakes 
in A and O levels. 
Maths & Sciences 

7 Caqafeu IB Garden, 

EST 1934 


The demand for trie trained man or woman chiropodist in trie 
primfe sector is tnarastag. Most of trie tr ai ning necessary to 
qualify tor a diploma in chiropody may be taken at home by very 
specialised correspondence [assorts followed by lufl practiced 
Iru airtg. You are invited to write for the free booklet from 
The School of 

Mrs. ftA. Scutum MA Ohml 
S taff ol EfMttW Tutors Mi wlft 
unhersq oagms AI Arts nmactt. 

2 UtaMntcr Pskm GarfSH, 
Mby RatrSWIPIH. 


Education Courses Review is a special 
series of articles and features examining a 
wide range of courses in further education. * 

Ifyou'reastodentcocsfderinggomgon to 
futher education, it had better be on your 
reading list 

Especially as this year The Sunday Times 
Degree Service introduces a unique feature 
which lists all the remaining degree courses 
available at polytechnics. 

Alternatively, if you're a college with places 
to fin. it delivers a captive audience foryour 

Education Courses Review will appear in 
The Times every Monday for 4 weeks 

So reserve space now. Write to Stella 
Scrivener. Group Advertisement Department. 

The Sunday Times, Virginia Street London 
El, or telephone 101)481 1066. 




SmtiMyoup tuition tar mlt range 
of subjects over one nrm and one 
yow. Comprefcensw UOoraory 
latfoes: college «utwed 
accommodation waUable. 

38 HjgfaMti Bead, 
UfiaOm . Buaetan BIS 3ED 
TetKMA 9637 

traditional University offer* 
degrees 10 mid-carrer adida 
over 2S. entirely m name end 
with luO credits tor Uri/amr 
experience. Prasoectus Irani 
Dept.T. NeOCifamo A Cl>. Sud- 
bury. Suffolk. OOIO 6EQ. 

ST, •OWC'S OMtege. London. 
Secretarial. Bssuiru and Lan- 
guage Gounea. wore Proreaor 
Training. English far Overseas 
Students, fton d en t and Day Stu- 
denfc. The Registrar mi. 2 
Arkwnghi Road. London nws 
oad. Ten 01 - 43 & seal 


One terra and one year courses with emphasis on 
written presentation in exam conditions. 

All Boards and Subjects are offered, and the 
examination record is excellent 


20, Wamborooeh Rd, Oxford. 

TEL. OXFORD (0865) 56311 and 513738 

fir id mmttnakm UUn -O u e n Wn w mum pw Abn by 

■ n nh i — a GCB w m Ww o. toPe up b ui l d ntwun hbi ! ■ >■■ ■ ■ 




Applications are invited for a 
post-doctoral Senior Research 
Assistantship in a group inves- 
tigating the structural effects of 
high-energy particle irradiation 
of metals. The research is 
funded by the SERC to assess 
material perfomance in fusion 
reactor systems, and involves 
liaison with radiation facilties at 
Harwell, Birmingham and Ispra, 

Applicants must have research 
experience of transmission 
electron microscopy applied to 
microstructural studies of ma- 
terials. The appointment is 
financed for twelve months and 
may be renewed. Initial salary 
within the range £8,020 - 
£9,000 per annum. 

Application forms and further 
particulars may be obtained 

The Registrar, 

The University, 

P.O. Box 147, 
Liverpool L69 3BX, 

by whom completed forms 
should be received not later 
than 8 September 1986 

Quote ref. RV/955 


■ > T M anil .TO ,i ! M 

Research Associate 

Appfcafions are invited from persons with suitable 
qualifications for the above post Hie person ap- 
pointed wfll be working on an ESRC/CNRS financed 
project entitled “Economic Interdependence fn 
Europe" and win be responsible to a group of British 
and French economists. A postgrad uate quafficafion 
in economics and a knowledge of FORTRAN would be 
desirable. The appointment is tenable for one year 
Irani 1st October 1986 and wii be within the faflowing 
points on the Research Associate IB scale: £7,065 - 
£9,495 pA. (under review}. Appficants should send a 
C.V. to Professor M. Miller, c/o Economics Depart- 
ment University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL and 
should mark their envelope ‘Research Associate'. 

Further inform a tionffob detafis can be obtained from 

Gary MacOonaM bv telephoning Coventry (0203) 

Oxien Poiytecfuue. Bawd on 
ABTA Approved Course fop 
•wl in Travd Industry. £275 
Ambassadors or sri urn 01-381 
6206 or Oxford 249346. 

wteprs .sac— csRuu. 

Ooflege. 22 24 ftm a nny 
London yw 7 yrt c 
Plrasr write or wtmiom for 
groipwtto. 01-669 8683 or Ol- 

COLLBBE rotlOUS coiffios putrf 
Sepl. Jon A ApriL Protoectus: 
Mr* Ho,,. 4. Wetherby Odra. 
SWS. 01373 38 62 

pnitir SkthwW GoUcges? 
Expert Mviff FREE. RUcrMM- 
w Comunancir. Sum* j. i 
MHion Rd. Cambridge. Tel: 


Prltair A Small Croup Tuition 
(or people who are Inurtwr m 
Cnuuir WrlUng. Tet 229 C7SO 

Secretary General 
of the Faculties 

The Council of the Senate invite applica t ions for 
the office of Secretary General of the Facul ti es, 
which wfa become vacant on 1 September 1987 by 
the resignation of Dr KJJL Edwards on taking up 
file Vice-Chancellorship of the University of 


The present pensionable stipend of the office is 
£24£39 a year. 

Persons interested in applying for the office are 
asked to seek full particulars mom: 

The Vice-Chancellor, 

The Master's Lodge, 

Pembroke CoBege, 

Cambridge, CB2 1QJ. 

The closing date for appficatfons win be Wednes- 
day. 15 October 1986. 

The City Business Machines Group 

PJL to 

Managing Director required 
Salary £8 - £10K a.a.e. 


Tn addition to exceBent typing skills, a knowledge of si 
office procedures would be helpful. Ab^ty to work un- 
der pressure and have confidence and communication 
skBs to deal wth a variety of people. 

Age 26+. 

Applicants should sand C.V. to: 

Mr. KA Austin 

Group Personnel Manager 
15/16 Alfred Place 

15/18 Alfred Place 
London WCf 2AB- 

Bequired for Battersea 

Legal Aid Soficitois. 

AdSicaits must teve 
fast accurate axto 
tyiring, be i responsible 
and ratable, and cope 
Mil under pressure. 

Benefits induda 5 weeks 
ijoWay, ple asant^ 
sunoundmgs. irtfonrai 
atmosphere and 
stimulating work. 
Salary £8400. 



F0OC.V. to: 

Dffltdoa He A Stafetart, 
261 iaresder HK, 
London SW11 1 JD. 


New South Kensington Estate Agents of- 
fice requires a top level PA for their 
Manager. Experience and efficiency es- 
sential as the successful applicant wiU be 
responsible to the Manager for th& run- 
ning and administration of this high level 
residential sales office and extensive di- 
oat contact. Salary £10,000 pa. 

Telephone 01-727 0530 

ref JMH 

We are seeking an experienced secretary to pro- 
vide the foil range of secretarial services to the 
Regional Branch Manager in Piccadilly. Appli- 
cants should have approximately 100/60 
shorthand and typing. Good communication and 
organisational dnilu are important together with 
the ability to work on their own initiative under 

pressure. Preferred age range 27-85. 

emm Kino 

Please telephone Anne or linda 
Pers on nel Department, on 01-439 9921 

EARNING £11,000 p* 

an wpertaw! socratery w*h WP tidfe wflhln the CaroSne 
turn on •qwetto cam kt mom* ol th# 

London. Htabolmi 
■nd copy aUb. Plow* 

1 0 ■ n n r T iiIioi ■ oil 

■ la i mjMa ^juuiuiiorR. 

46 OU flood 9kMt W1 

01-4998070 . 



£7000 - £8500 aae 

If a career in interior design or exhibition 
or gan i si ng appeals, we would like to hear from 
you. Three of our efiants have opportunities for 
bright and en eroetic young secretaries and ad- 
ministrative assistance, from cotoge leavers to 
experienced people- 50 wpm typing needed, lan- 
guages and shorthand useful. Please can us to 
discuss which Job would be right for you. 

Plaasa caB DaUta BertwBcfc, tarn Friead, M 
Ostama at 1 Ban Hckariw . S ■ - 6.36 p. 

At 21 YEARS 

Product manager of &». 
ms company requires a 
sophisticated ambcocus 

secrewy to assKL atmwe 

ud Mtcad press hmcttcs 
and ciiesii fimaioaj. So- 
pab Convent Garden 
based offices 
to ng vjunwa 

01 240 521 L 




Licenced dealers in securities 
require intelligent and enthusiastic 
secretary/PA to Managing Director 
willing to take on responsibilities 
working in dramatic surroundings 
near Cobham, Surrey. 

Please call 01-265 0516 

£10400 + 

Oor (teas, a pmtaouc ton ol Tbr- 

1 1 

|T;1 i 3 

Lj | 




Very bosy principal of 
West End Agrafe require 
young and energetic 
p wijfla tp bf p Imn awl 

the Office nt ymiw d- Bwi 
and foremost we need 
someone who has PR 
qualities and not afiaid 
to work cm their own 
initiative and take 
decisions. Must have 
good speeds audio and 

nukos Estate 
Agents. 01-724 4455 

(MWtafl page 24 



We are a leading Arab language ma g azi ne pnblisfaed from 
London and are looking u> recruit a person suitably quali- 
fied to fin the position of Editor lor Sudanese Amin. 
The applicant should have had considerable experience in 
a goverontem type background in either the Civil or 
Diplomatic Services is a appro pria te field. 

Pre r eq ui sites are an eweHent command of both wtiu e u 
and spoken Arabic as well as a working Knowledge of 
English, an understanding of French £ German would be 
a considerable advantage, preferred age range 45-55. 
The position offered is a Senior Editorial one, and tins 
will be reflected in the terms and conditions of 

Please reply in the first instance uk 

The General Manager 
Box No. G71 . 

For further details aae 
de la Crama or rtno Nfcoia 
01-235 122T^ 


S117AB40 Than what we 
w*nt IM monthll We haiv ft- 
naitoe *vuuw lo boy yoor 
wrotm nocks or MlKtHes. It*, 
tranco. tteolth * beauty 
products etc. Quick dectrioos. 
unmetUate paymem on conec- 
Uojj. Tom mat nnptos stock 
Into cash NOW I Con Out Fam- 
ous Brands Ltd 167 Western 
<0633) 644970 T K ROCKBO 
34094 CHAM CO. 


■ O O CI wm HJUX funusrwd 
leuinfl asFftts rroturr a self 
mOlhafod and MmnMon ort- 
eniai«l nruattuor (or busy 
office Trirnhoor SSI 3136 

Need a iKUMm hand? Wo win 
lake rare of j-oiit bontr. your 
raimfi' or your sets at a 

moment's notic e. 'CM 
Harwcarers on: 01-390 6738. 

SMI ESPRIT wow recruiUltg Staff 
lor-winler resorts. Chalet gtrto. 
namtiMiNNBftaad represefua- 
thn i fluted French ocUyl Fleet 
103521626)75 ■ 

CMA1XT cm R eg tor pm-ale 
Chaitci VerMcr Ocs AcrU. Ap- 
ply m wrtonfl lo Amubei. Flat 
b. Nrsrrn Pucv. London. SW& 
COflK/OKW FOR 2« Pwwle on 
60* sloop tn Crmadinn for win- 
ter C.V Photo to BOX 1414. 


Fooctons - Central London fastest growing 
Estate Agents require another six trainee' 
negotiators who, within a year, will be 
earning in excess of £20,000 pa and drive 
a Golf GTI of 3-series BMW. Starting 
salary during training period £6.000 pa. 
Must be aged 19-26. well educated £uid 
hold current driving licence. 

Telephone 01-727 0530* 

None* b iwnby |hw that m* 
Creditors of he above nauwd 
Camaany are IHM on or b» 
rot* IIP ISih October 1996, lb 
send Mr.auM and afldren e s 
and tnr paructitan of thdr ctwira 
and Um names and annrMeci of 
their mteturs. if any. lb Hunh A 
Sinclair. DriditM HtoMnaC Srts. 
CMnpaBS House. The .Ropewalk, 
NoranWum noi soq. me Ltout- 
dotor of U» sato COmpaw. and If 
to requ i red by notice to writing 
ream nw UquUmot. tttier by 
men* SoMllors or pemonsay. to 
couw ib and prove (heir debts or 
ctatm* at mch Ume and ptoor a» 
■han te smetfled m Hh naooe. 
or btdefauK thereof they wtu br 
KHuM from the benant of auv 
dturfDuitcm matte before- such 
debts are armed. 

6th August 1986 

Hugh A Sinclair 

«nia - j- - 


** Ec ^ 

»■■■■■■ " i 

1 n °ne K v 




And call us for ihe latest job news from London's newest recruitment agency. Phone ts on Voicebank 01-400 0378. KORKINS K 0 N 0 E R S 

*■ v. . 

<■ > 

H 22 


* * «*ANGE OR 

CAf!E CR> 

SSS KSJffij-n 

« -*s i s N.»Vf 

%s V 

*iro; - 



. l '“' e 'S iSifc 

' 2* p? 

• • ~ u.^‘ ^ 

- ■ a^s-Jp- f. 

. fcS A^ 

' . . J u *£ 

• '• b-r?ey 

Wi! ca!{ OV285B! 



We ars rapidly ex p a nding and need bright, efficient Secretar- 
ies to Join oar young company located in nKxkm styhah offices 
Mar Gloucester Road tube. Most be able to deal with clients at 
all levels, fast accurat e typ ing and good organisational «mi« 
are therefore essential. WP experience an advantage bat will 

Director’s PA/Secretary £9,500 p.a. 

Account Directors Secretaries £8,400 p.a. 

Salaries will be paid also with 2 bonuses pa. + BUPA 

Write with C.y. or telQihooe Jenny McGrory 
Cameron Choat & Partners 
Bury House, 126/128 Cromwell Road 
London SW7 4ET 
Tet 01-373 4537 
No Agencies 


£9,500 - r 

Working m tiie hectic 
cuvhunuwutcf * confer- 
ence centre m SWI for 
tine catering manager of 
a famous food company. 
Your organisation*] 
ikflb, competent unflap- 
pable personality and 
numeracy win be most 
welcomed. As wefl as 
secretarial duties (no 
shorthand) yon will help 
to arrange c o n feren ces. 

« WW would w t corna your cttte tn dwarem the 

many ml wild apportunttras that currently exist. 

'ALFRESCO £10,500 

SUmr Ban. wmtoaH$ ■ ■ KfcM city heath Ah wl tear neat m aaak a cftmpg M hr saatk poperr 

nn.afc rayflo. 

MEDIA CHOICE £8,000-£9.000 

fe k s^h«. N ■ m w/AteMOMn. Ubb mnw anum 



Aa mmif pared upf mpAAi it mH n Mi tea tf acanU Mb bates. team tmg. ai otdhat 

About £4250* 

"CLIENT CAREER , £10,000 

smMttrnlKMesrenmariidWmghg nhnmia riunmito M MiMite npMHi 

Cl SUb HAD (fenri 


Ma an* a nmmU nh. M apii Mb apa* aeiWM. maaa ad k«fe*r «m <k amwg Smok 
M tag nr + part Med ai^WL Na 2 f+. 


flnai nnwrk -m- wd ay. HIM I |a n< a»W—hn»»l»P— Um lif t — i + 

• nt 

N u n lm UhUNa**i>ian*»M | e* n* <K i« t " » *r M fa re*— *— **« 
CALL B294343 


Manpower tokos cord to assign its 
temporaries for theirskilts, pereoncritty. 
and type of woric So we pay 
accoroBn^y. As o proper exscaHue 
secretty weU ask you to cope with 
assonmerdsthaiwiH pay you upwards 
of £40 more o wet* than a quaSfled 
competent audio typist. And both oet 
^ more for WfP skins. 


Temporary Staff Specialists 

But the audio typist is stifl well Data 
ontf con use our free Slav Development 
Iratnino to make progress. If you re a 
temporary high fliet mat 's how well 
pay you. it not yet, well help you 

Talk to us about pay ...and an 
the other benefit*. 

CoS us now. 

* London ctsmpo»aon oi*^ 

Tel: 225 0505 

T4 flour aro*em7 wt . : e 


c£ S.5C0 

"."-•is cl I ily* ■ 

inti r.ioR | 
oi:cor:AT!xc - 

*«op in I mb :: 


937 4376. 

c r *'i:’ ’ pt i 

*•- t / . ■ 


an international institution in 

seeks a fully-trained 
for its General Secretariat 

Candidates, who should be aged b et ween 20 and 
25 and have English as tbeir mother tongue, 
should have a good knowledge of French and 

The Bank offers an attractive salary and excellent 
working conditions . in an international 

Interested applicants are invited to write to die 
Personnel Section. Bank for International Settle- 
ments, P.O. Box. 4002 Basle, Switzerland, 
enclosing a cuniculmn vitae, re fe re n ces and a 


Jto one of Ihe country's baring Wprd Processing apacHfett, w® 
bare traent and fenmadicti dwnartd for hUi cafere people id 
undertake asstoneemis throughout the London Region. Our coo- 
tract teem enjoy guaranteed long term work mat Blue CM? 
eftents who are taueetaU names. Hipiest rate* olp^r. Whnang 
^ x trmnair * dricthi» treia ft p and xomipuouelrer crow traWno 
on ad the Meet e yet ewe end agrtwye and the opportunity to 
underteke iraWng. a upt xa t e pp fcJtloni pragranaraog and tv 
mngany consultancy wok whidt also own* Ngtv aomtag 

Me m ber e oMheQSJL&teemwereooBnbedbycomp en lBsae 
being the leaders in Word Procesing and .Office JWkaniipR. 




439 4001 


Fast moving and expanding 
contractors require a . hard 
working shorthand secretary, 
preferably with architecture or 
building experience. Must be a 
good communicator with a 
sense of humour. 

Salary £10-£12k. 

Reply to CMC Ltd., 

28 Sussex Place, 
London W2 2TB 
enclosing CV. 


UP TO E4 4,000. 

W8 are 3 leatfng firm of budding surveyors & architects 
looking tar an outstanding person, to be t&racty 
respotutate to the partnership decretory. E xo etont 
secretarial sfcfis, the ^3»ty to work Independently as 
wen as a part of a team, a good organiser, an effictive 
communicatar ft afficent. draofba the parson m are 
looking tor. 

tf you quafify ptease sand a CVm wKh a day fime phona 
number to: 

John Crider Hunter + Partners, 

8 Balfour Place, 

London. W1Y 5RF. 


Luka tntirior DeoafttR sack do able StorthandSecre- 
tay, fisd 20s+ who cad drive. wA the dog. & baautiMty 
took alttr a Bonl Director who is Hsal of a 0«igp Tom. 
Private aduodion apprachted ON 4M-1S31. 


£11,000.00 Package 

Lneattd n hnrna C&y ottas ibis anw opeMtg oRm MB a ctaBwQB 
w a aeoauxu nmee pjdagn. Ike poMon reports to a natty ta- 
pontBtffiii BoBtfOrettx who e suing a Soar Secretary t> start a 
ag and «m mtUoaL Wtdsi ynx rinrtond md tudto ak ttl ba 
uflbad. the ibtey to accept rasponsHfty and see propas ttnflittll 
ensort tea ra en dmeln your oan cacar aMtm ttfc notrismig pie 
“raptor, rang Rachael Block on B2feOK& 

ECCO Rec. Cons 



Opporttmities have arin to wort for the roost luxurious 
property/kasurc development ia Southern Spain. 

AS E30EC PA/SEC you most have esc S/H typiom skDIs. 
good educational qaauSctuons. experience of working at a 
senior level A fluent or very good Spanish. £10000 aunast 
wx free ratary/ftaory apartment/ company cat. 

AS RECEPTIONIST/SEC yon most hare 30 min accu- 
rate typing (80 S/H ateo ptef). conversational Spanish and 
two years working experience: WP exp an advantage. £7.300 
almost lax free salary plus approx £300 per rnoath accom 

almost tax free sabry plus approx 

Both posttions require confident. o< 
wen presenned candidates- Exp 

well spoken and 
kina abroad an 

| tJsefttL Age 21-30isb. | 



This small PR Co with excellent charts have (he almost 
muque policy of promoting their secretary to account exec: 

You must be prepared to speod 9 imxd&s- 1 year trttagyour 
cxctflenl typing (presentatioo roost important) & WP tap 
(essential) learning (be busines. PR wiO only suit ambitious, 
well presented, well spoken candidates with good personal- 
toes. Age 20+ Salary to £8JOO. 

CIRCA £14,000 
Laakiag far a fresh challenge? 

We are one of too Country's leading Office Systems 
Recruitment orgmsattons and due to our rapid expan- 
sion we are seeking an addtioral consultant Ifs a 
marveltou g opport u nity for a person with Recruitment 
experi e nce, however a positive attitude and w«ngnesg 
to ham is kitoortam so if you ham a provan successhd 
commercial oackreouid pref e rably gained in a Salas 
environment l vm be keen to hear from you. 

ww ba keen to hear tram you. 
send your Curriculum Vitae to: 




#1-439 4001 



m the drinks industry require an energetic, 
responsible person with IBM PC and Lotus 
123 experience for Finance Department 
The position involves contact with manage- 
ment at ail levels and the successful 
candidate should be numerate, adaptable 
and efficient, with word processing skills 
and knowledge of office communications 
an advantage. 

Superb West End offices, attractive salary 
and fringe benefits. 

Apply to Nicola Davies-Cooke on 
01-236 1221 

TO £11,060. 

A famous company in lovely 
ST James's is seeking a se- 
nior P A/assistant tor their 
friendly PA department 
.There is very Bffle secretarial 
work but lots of admin, 
orgatising and telephone bi- 
son. AI Has plus your own 
areas of responsibility wfl 
keep you busy even though 
you cartMepto to two Junior 
assistants. Good typing and - 
rusty shorthand. Age 25 - 35. 

to des 5 k via imac tereta, u 


SW rtfettr Mflbj to ugnu 
mn otK. Ml wfc Meet tom 
—i ft ttaPBflto O OT . «fc 


m dooms PH Sec *Vl 

UwtttaSdax I 

Ail amir Mhri 

Tasteful Temping... 

No hassles. No let-downs. Just plain, ample, 
high grade temping. 

A tasteful package of top jobs, elite rates and 
thoroughly professional service. 

If you have sound skills and experience, you 
should be talking to The TShrk Shop*. 

Telephone Sue Cooke on 01-409 1232. 

MRHHNH Hf j i pii freffit Con gnlianti 


A leading firm of Exhibition Organisers 
seeks a college leaver secretary to join 
them. Help to set up wine and spirit exhi- 
bitions, arrange wine tastings and also 
attend. Lots of fun and great scope to 
get involved. Excellent training given. 
90/50 stalls needed. 

k 6oobeftHufttfo^^ 

\23 Bedford Sheet London WC2 0H240 3511/ 



• 4ehf$¥T& r> ; it. 


Small private Proper 
Seottvy. who does 

t now needs a stylish 
wrt tea) is cteiabia of 

running their offices Mtti cabti efridency. Slow short- 
hand would to fete. Age 24+. CaA dre-IOL 


I For kre v i w r 

> re im >v«P KZ5. 


MuiHitiam Qg—N—ra 

S/H SECS £9-1211 

EBanfeoCttv Rrancul Ca. 
obmq you. This aBnfnny is tak- 
ro a rerieg sari m tiw 
mS!tm m wSTim Pw tty 
an) you an take pat 

01-377 6433 


U Word Associates L 



For a small office of dynamic 
group of entrepreneurs 
dealing in Multinational 
Businesses. Candidates must 
have proven administrative 
capability to run an office 
including skills in 
typing/shorthand and WP. 

Please send C.V. to 


^Elizabeth Hunt 

TO £13,000 

Our efiert, toe Chairman of a very successful interna- 
fenaf company seeks a sodafly confident professional 
secretary with good board fever experience to join him. 
You win become nvolved in bath his business and 
personal afters and should have 110/60 ski Is and a 
stable career history. 


£ 8,200 

Join this major retaa store as secretary for their Mer- 
chandise Manager. Deal with luxurious fabrics, as you 

f tt cdtent benefill^ude 
90/50 skills needed. 

EEzobetfi Hunt Recruitment Consultants . 

L BGrosvenofSbeetU)odonW10>-2«)353] J 

Upmarket Temping 

to £11,000 

This summer jdn an ecdush'e and 
upmaidly-inobUe dice. The pick of Londons 
prestige fobs. Rewards that pay full 
recognition to excellence. And something 
more. Longer- term oreergrwrh. financially 
our pay structure reflects your development. 
So too our training unit, where without 
charge or obligation \ou can bring >our- 
sdfup k> date on rheiaaestin'WR Find out 
more about upmarket temping Call today; 


— — - — - — Retiacuu nCoMi ih a n n — 

^CfiRDUflE KinQ 


T1» is an maltent opport 
who waits to get into persor 

TYPING, tats of variety and 
you want to take IPM exac 

portiarity for a young secretary 
jrsonneL Thwe wffl be AVNIMAL 
and sponsorship <$ avaibbte if 
exams. Typing 50 wpm. 

FASHION /PR £9,000 

Thepubficity manager a this international fashion house 
needs yore expertise In organising anything from fashion 
shows to press releases. An ej« for detail, a friendly 
outaoim personality and good dress sense are essential. 
Stalls 90/55 + WP experienceL 

pteantetaptaae; 01499 8070 J 

L 46 Old BondStreef London W.1. M 



Preferably with laboratory/commercial 
accounts experience required for Private 
Endocrine Clinic in Harley Street area. 

The applicant should be literate, numer- 
ate, adaptable, a non-smoker with word- 
processing, computer, telex skills, 
efficient and unflappable. 

Send CV toe Attention ENDOC/Lab Sec, 
to Box No. Bll. 

Starting Salary £9,500 per annum. 

For immediate secretarial 
temporary work 
telephone Liz Barraft 
now on M^iD 
01-4390601. SIS li 

Elizabeth Hunt 

TO £10,000 

Acrewy/asssm needed to join the Chaaman s otoca of 
teadino martot researeh co n su lt an cy. You'll enjoy an 
mtamal atmosphere and should be keen to develop this rata 
and. as you team, take on more adnwwjratrve responstWiry 

TO £12,500 

A famous city based merchant hank seeks a personal secre- 
taiy to the Oiaxman of tta stock brotaRp ifcvtsion. He is a 
very busy man. exiremajy chammg and delegates wed. He 
w« rely cnyou for haf PA smturt as wu set up both 

business andsodte events for hun. T00/8) stalls needed. 

Etaobeih Hunt Recruitment Consultants , 

V 23 ColtegeHifl London EC4 01-2^03551 V 


If you aie non (ban IP- 
23 you probably 
uouado't appreciate tire 
taped marie, the free 
food, the free bar in the 
evening & the amazingly , 
nhmtlaimg atmosphere ! 
of this leading video 
company in Coweta gar- 
den however, if you like 
» work hard, pfey hard, 
took terrific A can type & 
use a switch board you 
could be the one to met 
ibetr trendy roots. Sun 
u £3,000. 

of Bond St. 

BR c m mtm C— wan 

; lil! im«KHh«iU/j 


The Sales & Marketing 
Department, of one of 
London's top S Star Ho- 
tels needs a secretary 
with the style, prose, edu- 
cstion & background (hat 
mil & into fob very up 
market environment. 
Lob of diem contact & 
entertaining. Excellent 
free meals & a salary to 
be negotiated around 
£9,000. Excellent stalls 
needed. Aged 19-24. 

of Bond St. j 

RecnMment Consultants 
*• Ho S&MdNrtiFwtSiilsd 




The post carrying high confidentiality requires 
senior secretarial experience and sound skills 
in shorthand, typing, minuting meetings and 
communications with other departments, ad- 
visers and professional consultants. 

The successful candidate wfll be a well 
organised person able to use initiative. 

Apply In writing with full c.v. quoting reference 
number T1/86 to: 

Per sonn el Assistant 
The Girl Guides Association 
17-19 Buckingham Palace Road 
London SW1W OPT 


has an immediate vacancy for 


Circa £8,500 

Mb «afc a «mB preag&d. m9 abend lad laohfy stS motiratad 
Adanshatm Saaetny ta nn or Ovmaas Offica. 

The awaM are fci ct mK, in addfeon to powwa g waUret 
■wu M iti araadrata iia^lraara te ti dteitta ttai. 

on coupled mfe a dnriid and wEng pw oo^ty. Abiky to deal 
with prabtae rf man from nmeos tsssntiti. Caafidtees most be 
prapnd to ocquin VDU aod mri inasDDg skfis Itaught tabousi) 
22 Days Holiday, Free 3-cowsa Lunches. 35 Hour 

Attractin' Offices iwMk | fegoaTs PA 3 awns wdk from 
Gan fattend Stmt and Rqont's Pak ndaegmond staten, sabries 
M i nt to awti ad cost of Bmg renam) a oarin p to ago ad 
a g a i ao c * a Umohy Scale. 

Pl**t write iraMCttaly to flat Pocsoaaal aad DOca Maiagor 
wdb u. or tohplaaa Mss F Kfcoa Car a aafitaiH fans: 
BCP, 11 St Aadrem Ptes, Uwtaa SWI 4t£. TA 81-835 


Iodine Wes End Sales Promotion. Marketing and Adtenis- 
ing Agency requires a Senior Secretary /PA (afic25+) to work 
for two Board Directors. 

Man have ecce&eni tyjang and SH speeds, good 
otgaairetional ability, aod be used to woridng under pressure. 
Wcabo require a secretxry/PA BEtinwhh good speeds to wwL 
form) Account Director respoosibic for a busy group handling 
a number of blue chip accounts. 

The denes offered will be attract)** and co m m ensurat e with 
the applicants current background and csperppce. 

Please send your CV tec 
Gwynne Morgan at the Marketing Triangle, 
17 Newman Street, London W1P3HD. 


For Managing Director of expand- 
ing Company. Varied duties, 
numerate, 25+. Salary around 
£10,000- 4 weds holiday pa. 

Telephone Mr Ray Brill on 

01-580 0987 




SWITZERLAND SrnrtHikrd flighl* 
01 72* 2388 ABTl ATOL 

All cUvwfwd advcniMucms 
can be accepted by telephone 
incept Annnunccfnenis) The 
deadline is 5.00p*n 2 days prior 
14 pvblicalKKi (k S/Wpffl Man- 
da) for Wednesday). Should 
you wish io send an udverusc- 
mmi m wnung please include 
your day lime phone number 
PARTMENT. If you have any 
queries or problems relation to 
your advertisement once il has 
appeared, please contact our 
Customer Services Depan mem 
by telephone on 01-481 4100. 



DODGE London smool of 
BiKtor and Quo -38 hums Rd 
SW5 01 509 7201 


TENEMFE Pl>a do Ah 
Amor ir.v. Studio 01 IT looking 
mxii wnn orran \m Open 

plan Sips 4 hllrh A tulti 
u nikiiwj divianre .ill amcnim-i 
Vvn-kv 27 & W LojOOO Tfl 
>0280' W259 



Authors li vou have will Ic-n j 
book ih.ii jnmn pmiicafion 
write lo Ded TM1I/1S THE 
Slrn'l Lmvev Suwex BN7 2LL 


AUSSWELLi Birthday Gix-iings 
and b*u vl'kak. Ricky from 
Mum .ind Dad 

SWTH AUDREY Have a Haem 
8iriiM.iv love krtrn Simon and 


HIGH GATE N6 Lux rial 8 Beds 
Lor KiI. Belli rm. WC. CCH. 
Entry Phone Nr Higngan? 
Tune C.175 pw Inel Trt 01 
281 1 282 <Mon Fni 
BARBiCAH room in very quirt 
fLit ah %rrvicn me Sun bud 
iivkituii a mod .i lerre £90 

0 w Tel £68 0719 aftrr 6 
CHISWICK 2 Bedrm Lux Crd Fir 

rial CeOO prm Atailaoie Ol 
Sepi Comae l Sara on pi 7*1 
8*91 9am lo 6 pm 
Keromolon Col T V 2* hr S w 
Bd. Telex Couingtum An» Ol 
373 6306 

DEVON. Ouirt private winter (tat 
tor 2/9 C*9C7Ci pw &8 mins 

01 79* 0237/01 07* 0650 

noose, vtiih garden £50 per 
day RIikj 01 3*0 7*06 
bedroom lurrnshed flat, 
kit/dining. lounoe. bath £135 
pw cxrt Tel 01 289 7266 
mural London Iran £325 pw 
Ring Town Hie Apts 573 3*33 


HOT TURKEY. Spend a week re 
(axing at our cm air beach 
hotel men a werfc crumnq on 
our yactil lor £420. Inc IK. 
H/B free w/sporb. outer eom 
bmalKHO pan 01 526 1005 

Ot *-fCn > I vtsimui value 
lali- u-pvon Grand Tbu, ipp 
ririllv (Irvqnm lo valnlv wide with vnndilr daily mile 
Detxu lure* rumoav 30 
bew 7 1* A 21 Or I C2SB IncI 
dav Hindis Galwirk 7 11191111 
H/B in 5/* da r norm airport 
Lilt-. *iilr ai-r r it—. sprt lot ot 
191 alw in I -TORMINA inn 
1M ral nntel C266 H/B. broth 
Itniel IS»IB H/B pnwionv £J7x 
B a B .lU 101 7 mqms. same aep 
dal-. I SIAM) SLN 01222 
7*52 ABTA/ATOL 1907 
BARBADOS. I own a beautiful 
villa & rmiaqe on the WcM 
CcsrJ Ol Harhado*. fully xLtffrd 
Kate ia(j lines Me August 
SnMnmin a Ononer for Diu 
rhure * pxuxial attention raH 
I Li/el -saprcKe Oil ire 031 235 
I £00 Home w/i- 021 *8* 0912 
n/w £*20 tin E7oO AurUand 
0/w C*20 tin C770 JoTjurg 
n/w UOo nn C*99 un Augr 
lev n/w £216 tin £*05 London 
ni9h1 Centre Ol 570 6552 



rsew York £2*9 L A L3*9 To 
ratio £279 Nairobi C519 
Sldmn L7*9 Auckland £7*9 
Dari.uf 150 Jermyn Street 

Ol 839 7|*d 


■ iKrilli e 9 Rio £485 Lima 

L*95 rln AM Small Croup 
Holiday Moimi «y Peru 
from £3501 JLA 01 7*7 3108 

COSTCUTTERS ON rogtitt/hoto. 
lo Canute. USA 4 moN dratina 
Lions. Dtfdomal Travel: 01-750 


Huqr DKrounlv Santwortd 
Travel 103727) 26097 

/27 109/27838 


Travel. SO. Red Lion ST. WCl 
01 *05 1495 ABTA/IATA 

Mr Michele Grid* Urgent 
ton tan your mother in SKU» 



Benz Travel Tel 01 085 641* 


CALIBRE CVS Ltd prrf****4>ial 
curriculum v liar dmimnib 
Drum* Ol 031 3388 
BREAKAWAY. London * Club lor 
prolrsHnnal uliamurhed people 
23 *3 Civ rr 200 evenls month 
u 2J hi inlo rape 997 799* 
CAPITAL CVs prepare tugn quail 
h nimrulum Mlaei Ot 607 

CV REQUIRED 7 Conlan me ex 
perl* Telephone 03722 77939 

FRIENDSHIP, Love or Mamaqe 
All aqr* area-. Dateline Dt-pl 
■Olb> 23 AtHnqdon Roan Lon 
den wa Tel 01 936 ICl 1 
COMPANY GOLF Dayi otganned 
for -4J ll or nsinmcn Any lo 
ration TH 073* 872722 
HEART fa HEAfTT. Tedavv way 
Of meeting Gonfldcnlial lnln> 
duiliont mrouphoul L-K" inr 
Conipontommp. FnemPJiip. 
M.irriagr Heart io Heart. 32 
London Rd Twickenham 
MMldk Ol 892 2051 




Woo! mn Berbers from S3 55 per 
sq yd + VAT <Kfti mol Heavy 
Domestic Wilton ?I3 85 mr sq yd 
+ VAT Cortopto tf es £BJ5 Do 
sq yd + VAT & maty other great 

207 Haverstock Hill, 
Hampstead SWS 

Tel: 01-794 0139 

Fme edi mte s-fapart Gtfinq. 


and choose turn hundreds ol 
uoriqn and ^and panes for 
sale or me tram only £16 pm 

' 111 Mil 1JM --ki 

Albany SL NW1 
01 S35 8682 
AffiHecy Place. SE18 
01 854 4517 

bed Billiard Table A Marker 
8‘6"N*‘b" Curv Pool / Bil 
Uardk / Snooker Bally, iron and 
fo\ er Speeiallv ctxnmevuoned 
bran replica VKIonan Central 
HonqiiM) Table UQtily £1.800 
Available in London SW13 
Rina MKV Greenwood 01 387 
1180 Brtwrm 9 0Ckim and 

FINEST qualilv wool carped Af 

Irode mm and under .iho 
available 100S exira Larqr 
room sire r.-nmanb under half 
normal pnre Chancery Carpet. 

01 *OS 0*53 

THE TIMES 17SS-198C. Other 
iiiii-s H-oid bound ready 
lor pr—enlation also 

■■sundav-s- tirso Remember 
Unen 01 CBS 0323 
Suritqm r.vp Care. Lrs Mia 
All Ibeol re and spurts 
18 Wl 661 6/828-0495 
A L\ / v isa / Diners 
BIRTHDAY DUE 7 Give someone 
au Times Newspaper 
doled l Me very dav Ihev were 
born £1.7 50 0*92 31303 
SEATFMDERS Any ev.-til me Lev 
Mr- Gdn SUrttahl Esp. 
Last ot Its- Proms Ol R28 
1678 M.nnr .lertll Cards 
SNOOKER TABLE lull vU>- Vie 
lorian vsiin Riirrouarrv a. Wans. 
.-SCHIenl rnnd W 9)? CV}62 
3206 Insure I Cum * alter 8pm 
A RITICO. CORHOPLAST W».<do V illi-msABorneie We 
any pine AK5 0932 78*128 
CATS. CIESS, Lrs Mr. All Ihe 
one .ind sport Tel a 59 1763 
All maior er.-dil Mi 
rtr Con you buv cheaper? B A 
S Lid Ol 220 1 9*7/8*68 
LADIES Beamifnl Jcl dionumd 
nna. rmer.ild ail. cost Cl 0.000. 
will arevpi £7000 OnL 2262108 
Seal Nnrih Stand debenture Of 
fimv w.inied Tel 0522 702765 
SNOOKER TABLE. Pilev 8x*. 3 
ptvs-e slab- Fonulcus £1.850 
Details Tel Ot O9-A3079 



01-491 Z777 


Genuine reductions on oser 
lOO ■■■-» & restored mstru 
menls liunall.-d alter vales 

■>-» \ irv Free catalogue 30a 

HntKule Bd NWS 01 267 
7o71 Free ralolooue 


Fuiurmes animah Mr warn 
ed O! 883 003* 

01-699 7198 

Pre 1920 quality hmiture 
wanted and at antique 


EAST DULWICH. 2 mins BR and 
shops 3rd person for spacious 
room in large house wtm gar 
den £45 OO per week plus bibs 
Tel day 01 3?9 flOTo 

CAREFUL TENANT seeks perm, 
attorn. hensm^on /Chelsea. 
Bndoe player, expen gardener 
Frosl 603 5385 before 1 1 am 

pro! female lo share large 
house own dbi room £160 
p m exei Tel Ol 67* 269* 

lung Ini desgned fTal wim 
garden Nr iransporr l nay per 
son In 'hr £160 pm 87* *196 

SW1 Avail Irnrne 2nd Female 
over 30. n/S own room £66 
PW Ol 798 8287 I6«pmi 

-CONVEY AMONG by lullv quail 
lied Solinlors £160+ \ AT and 
Mandard dLvbursemenls ring 
024* 3195*8 

L!i lawyer 17 Buhlrode SI 
London Wt Ol *86 0813 

WANTED Friendly outgoing Prof 
F 26. n/s seeks comforUblr 
Flat /Ho us. -snare swi/ 5/ 5 
/7 /IO. WS»/ 8/11/1 * or W4 
R**q immed Id lo £75 pw Tel 
Kalhv Ol 991 2200 lofllcei 
SW12. Prof F/M 26+to share 
spacious gdn flai Own large 
room. C/H. 5 mut» lube/BR 
£*5 pw exei Tel Ol 675 7009 
■alter 6 15 1 

share house- own room, single 
£46 ow Double £70 pw Prof 
only TH Ol 228 5031 
FLATMATES Selective Sharing, 
well mab introductory service 
Pise let for appt 0I-S89 5491 
31 3 BrompMn Road- SW3 
SE27 Young respectable Prof 
N/S lo share new lux hse in 
lux dev el All amen £2COpcm 
inc Phone Ol -761 *378 
SOCIABLE MALE 25 for own 
room vvtm balcony in Shep- 
herds Bterh * minutes tube 
C45 pw Tel 7*0 6250 aflcr 6 
STREATHAM Own room in rial 
Snr I other All mod cons Nr 
BR £1 56pcm all inclusive 
TvLOt 67* 1670 afl 7 OOpm 
SW 3 M/F O/R Smoker pre- 
ferred Musi be clasraca! music 
lover £300 pem ex cl Tel 01 
589 3322 eves 


room in shared house Qos e 
lube £30ow + Bdb 01-881 

VICTORIA 5W1 Pro! person for 
turn room lo let in lux flat CH 
£65 Per week e»d Tel 01630 
3028 after 6pm 

WANTED natshare in SW/ NW 
Lend, for prof m. 23. ro. up lo 
£50 pw TH Paul 01 -*39 67*4 
>4> CT 0234 **601 (hi 
BROOK GREEN W6. F21+ lo 
share owners flat O-'R. £40pw 
+ share bills Trt:0l 603 *368 
CLAPHAAh M/f. n/v o/r. CH. IO 
snare matsonene 5 mm rube 
1*0 pw excl TehOl -627 16*8 
FULHAM: girt. n/s. o/r in ch me. 
nr P Green lube £200 pem lnd 
Tel 01 736 6016 laller 6 OOt 
FULHAM SWG Room in luxury 
house nr Hurllngham £60 PW 
TH after b 01 731 S216 
HAMPSTEAD. F lo shr lux flat 
C2SO pem TH 01 222 *868 
< Days'. Ol 372 6030 <EvSi. 

£55 p W- Inc Tel 01 606 2686 
iwi 01 289 9252 ihv 
PUTNEY Prcd f 30+ N/S Com 
foriable house £*5 pw ind Tel 
Ol 788-4961 

SWI I Prof m/f lo share flat o/r 
all mod cons. £170 pem Excl 
Tel Ol 350-2*71 After 5 pm 
SW17 Pro! F n/s. 23+ io share 
(Ml o/r. £i 30 PCM excl 1 min 
tune 767 7036 after 7pm 
SWG FULHAM 2 Fs shr lux town 
hse Gdn all mod cons. O/Rs 
£60&£*5pw TH.Ol 731 7897 
SW17. Prof M/F shr small sunny 
flat nr tube Pref N/s £175 pan 
excl 767 1969 Alley 6 pm 


NEW 99 YEAR LEASE Hlgngatr 
Snetnon Avenue Luxury 3 
bed flat GCH Garage 
£129.500 TH 01 3*1 15*1 


HOOK. HANTS; M3 1 • mile walk 
lo sin '54 mur. Waterloo), mod 
dH hv * beds, luv kit orti. hge 
nr. In*. £74 £»» Tel lOCS 071 






Ibgeiher we can beai iL 

W»* fiuvl owr on* thud of 
all rcsoanrh mio iht* preven- 
tion jmi cure of cancer in 
i he UK 

Help ns by sending j 'ion* • 
non cif make * legicy to 

Cancer } 



'i arh'inHuuvrTcrrJvT- — 
i pi h triai*. i ..nri.m w n sar 


Fine-Jewels ' ■ 

•v; ,^^:3QNP.PEcr'» 

' i "■ f.i c)h fieri r*. 

tn -62» 0651 


Haymarket 01-930 1366 

01 *34 0734 Jupiter Travel 

LTC Open Sal 0753 857035 

KK Travel Ol *88 9237 IATA 

1 1 1 1 Travel wise Abbs. AM 

SPAM. Portugal. Cheapen fares 
Biggies 01 736 8191 ATOL 


Crete. Corfu. Rhodes. KOS. Snuffer 
Greek isMdk The Algarve. Henna 

Tv* arts 
■ B707L73JM Mg 1199 029 
32&27.2SU1JI Dug £199 E229 

10 I1 12 Seel CI99 £229 

Vrt AdN soul bow Mdm 
wtt Ibpes ton IM. Udm Rd 
lUndesier |a0| D sugps mi Mil 
Abo Oa (bps aoi BwIubs 
(TR xsj hRM C*tM Cad Boobngs 


— JkdiocufA . — 

Tec iMim 51251 5456 
TAShefHd 0742 331160 
let MMrteaw 961 834 5033 
ATOL 2034 

L5A S Amenta Mid and Far 
La-4 S Afrit* Tray vale. 4B 
Margaret Street. Wl Ol 680 
3*28 r\IM Accepted! 

for Australia. N 2 Middle oast. 
India. Far Lo** AST A Club Air 
Train 01 e29 268* 
DISCOUNTS Lsl /Economy I H-k 
ns Try us i*m fliCht 
BOOKERS 01 367 9100 

A m w/VM acrepled 

fares on rfiarter/schcduled Ills 
Pilot Fliqhl 01 631 0167 Agl 
Aid 1893 

Aug/sepi avaUanlliry >0923i 
771266 Timswav Hobdays 
pran desbnaiNHis Vjlrxa n dfi 
0! *02 *262/0052 ABTA 

6100* ATOL I960 
nusH prim FUghis A 
holidays Free d om Holidays 
Ol 7*1 *686 ATOL *32 
Worldwide cheapest fares 
Richmo n d Travel. I Duke St 
Rich mood ABTA Ol 9*0 *073 
TUNISIA Perfeei beaches for 
your summer holiday Call for 
cmr brochure now Tunisian 
TrovH Bureau Ol 373 **11 
ALfCAN-E, Faro. Malaga etc 
Ormond Travel ATOL 1783 
Ol B81 *6*1 Horsham 685*1 
ALL US CITIES Lowest lam <xi 
maior scheduled carriers Ol 
58* 7371 ABTA 
CO FOR IT SL American Vaca 
bon* gets you mere Ol 637 

HONG KONG £*88 Bangkok 
C369 Smg £*57 outer FE HI 
ies Ol 68* 651* 

Flights Fatdoc 01-471 00*7 
ATOL 16*0 -UtevVVN 
S YD/MEL £618 Perth £5*5 All 
maiot earners lo Am * NZ Ol 
58* 7371 ABTA 
S. AFRICA From E*65 01-58* 
7371 ABTA 



Attractive lo* Burn eomar hou»e 

proviara spacious accommo- 
nason. uaal lor ■wn—g. 
AxadaOM uo-funwhtKL Man 
bKkoom wdh iwm an-sum. 3 
funner been, i twtis. 3 recpL 
ha/BJ room. oaso. leading to 
Gommiffia) ga r de ns. Cl .000 p.w. 


Chamng mo w n house with a 
garage wtmfo wnMung cfcrance 
Of Kings Road and Putiam 
Roaa DIM recpL 2 dbi beds. 2 
baths, set) WC. ML Amiable 
long Ml Q50 p-w 


Comfon a ote nouse. cararaly lo- 
catad. The house a m exceuni 

order, bght and sum/- DWe 
reox teasng K consenraary, 3 
beds. 2 OMhs. 1 en-stite. axcaL 
tent W. C450 p.w 

584 5381 


Be Bright - 


The I.ettinu \12enl — 

9 Heath Street 
Hampstead Village N\V 3 

Tel: 794 1125 

COVENT GARDEN Brand new i 
bed *Ui floor flu with UR and 
porter*, furnished by Heals. 
wtiue ui ail machine* Co 
Long Lei £235 pw Goddard A 
Smith 01-930 7321 

HARLEY S T R E E T WL Attractive 
up floor flat qulel period build- 
ing dose Renews Rark LtfL 

ho u sekeeper. 3 rooms, k A b 
£160 pw neg. 1 year min. WUk* 
Head A Eve Ol 637 8*71 


Band new mod Gdn flal in ex 
cetlenl dec order Pabo/Gdn 
Lgc Recep Dlrunq Hall. DMe 
Bed Kll/Batti CIBOpw Co let 
Around Town 229 9966. 


Nairobi. Jo’Biug, Cairo. Dubai. 
Istanbul Singapore. ILL Delhi, 
Bangkok. Hong Kong. Sydney, 
Europe. & The Americas. 

Flamingo Travel. 

76 SfaaftestMiY Avenue 
LnidOB WIV 7DG. 

01-439 0102 

Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 

iscv. We have a lame selection of 
luxury 1.22.4 bedroom Oats 
with maid service Inferior de- 
signed and centrally located 
Angela Williams Ot 258 3659 










24/8 £117 
22/8 £129 
24/8 £134 
23/8 £135 
21/8 £140 
24/8 £169 
23/8 £179 
24/8 £179 



01-491 1734 
01-629 3368 

ATOL 1824 

S379GBI The number la remem 
bar when seekino bed rental 
properties in central and prime 
London areas £150/£2£)00pw 
Terr House 2 Reecps. Excep- 
tional \alur £2*5pw Benham 
A Reeves 938 3522 
SWS. Prctlv Fuham bouse dose 
id lube and bark 5 bedrooms, 
double reception room. MKhen 
and batnroom. 3 months tong 
lei £250 pw Sullivan Thomas. 
731 1353 

PRIMROSE WLL oewty dec 2 
double beds, study lounge / 
diner, kit. bathroom £160 pw 
No snarers 226 0420. 
LANDLORDS we iTgenUy re 
outre a wide range of pr o perties 
for oversea* applicants. Active 
Jy seeking London homes 
Benham A Reeves 938 3622 
University A Bru Museum Tel 
Helen Watson & Co 580 6275 
KENSINGTON W8 Stunning flal 
Rrcep. bed. K&B. CH. TV 
Soulh Garden £165pw TelOl 
957 395* day / 370 3710 eves 
NWS Lovely lunushed nat 1 bed. 
2 terms, open fire CH Weekly 
cleaner £120 p.w excl Ol *8o 
72*4 Ext 262 /eve* 62* 2999 
HAMPSTEAD ardsl’s umaue 
home dMe volume Lvmgrm. 
gallery. 2/ 3 beds Lid urn 
£325 pw 596 98*2 <T> 
WMBLEDOK. Spacious bedsit 
only £40 pw l net rates Renal 
Guide 01 686 7576 

Eunrn/USA FWtt 014® MB 
Lore Had Ffcfc 01-603 1515 
lst/BuPMtt (Sh 01-038 3444 
Gowmsm Ixensetf/Oonded 



G GnK Ohm 9. LoMm HC2B SUE 
01-4857082/8042 ABTA 

TAKE THE OFF lo Pam. Am 
slerdam Brussels. Bruges. 
Geneva Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague Dublin. Rouen. Bou- 
logne A Dieppe Tune Off 2a. 
Chester Close. London SWLX 
7BO Ol 236 8070 
have avail. Aog/Sew 
villos/apt* Some with pm 
pool Call now on 01 724 7779 
Piaya Holidays Atoi 2136 

A villa, a pool and a beautiful 
view Who) more could you 
want? Choose from Tuscany. 
Sardinia or Ravedo me to vet l 
er pans of Italy where me mass 
market operators don't go. Or 
combine a villa hoMday with a 
stay m Venice. Florence or 
Rome Flee brochure from 
Magic of Italy. Dnd T. 47 Shep- 
herds Bush Orem. W12 8PS 
Tef Ol 7*9 74*9 f24 nrs 




Gra^ Enqona W tete aaw 

couple lake guests in Iheir beau- 
llf ul 2 Mar hotel Su pen French 
ruKIne New swimming pool 
Colour brochure Tel: OlO 33 B3 
91 61 31 

27 aM^blt^Rad. 
81-730 E21G 





Jo Burg 
New York 

b quafaMeett m Oa Ma R te rra ng R ? 
when the coasts are tea erowtaJ 
ano pnees are kmc We have su- 

K i Wb accommo da tion m Corfu. 

l or Puos on smaller panes 
or cowtes can onose tram our 
tanpr rnnoerna. usuiiiv ai no ex- 
tra cost At at out GfMk Milas are 
on the sea or wan pods, always 
lull man serves, and sometimes a 
cook We Wrays have some exceL 
iem caimmanie houses Min pools 
in me Portuguese Aigane sUI 
avaOhte n September 

Brochure CV Travel (T) 

43 CadfMan St London SW3 afl 
01 581 3851/584 8803/589 
0132 (Brochure service 24 his) 


Los Angeles £216 £38 

01-370 6237 

DOSYA DEL SOL <20 mins Puerto 
Bonus Marhellai Super me on 
beach 2 twin brorms A 2 bam* 
eruune. nun. gdn. s /pools, res 
tauranl*. supermarket Award 
winning development Mold 
service from £200 pw Owner 
Ol S86 *659/883 2321 
MARRTT I A. Luv vvJIOs with 
poors* ows. Auq won Ol *09 
2838 VtllaWorkl 


Jd DUO; Hd 






LUXURY VILLAS with pooh and 
Mall villi av ail soulh of France. 
MaruelU Algarve Wcsl Indies 
COulinenlal Villas 01 2*6 9181 

Afro Asian TrarvwJ Ltd 
1SU1G8 K agaat St. Wl 
TH: fft-437 B2S5/Gfr/S 
Ure 4 Oouo Bootons MUonc 




47 Resorts In Switzartand 
Austria. Ranee A Italy. 
The Biggest Choice On SUs ! 
Ex Samiefc. Loan. Manchester. 
Glasgow & Ednbugfi 

01 7852200 

Mmti. Daps. 0422 78121 
ABTA 15723 ATOL 1232 


MENORCA viuas. some wim 
pooK aportments. lavemas 
mom dales avail (ram £163 
Crtlir Holidays Ol 309 7070 A 
Otn23 677OTI or 0622 677076 
12* firs' Aral 1772 

SKI WEST bumper oroenurr out 
now packed wim all Ihe lop re- 
sorts. Sunday flHtns (beat the 
irafliei, and amazingly low 
prices Mar ring al £S9 Ring 101) 
788 9999 for your ropy 
ABTA6S256 A TOO 383. 

CSS N YORK £275 

C80 LAISF £395 
020 Mam F32D 
E325 Smqacom £420 
1*60 Bangkok £335 
£205 Katmandu £440 
£335 Rangoon £350 




Hong Kong £510 Calcutta C« 

Pteese cal 

sun & SAND 
21 SnCow SL London Wl 
01-430 2100*37 0 537 

NICE. LoweM faux, fr £99 
BWHes 735 8t91 AM 1893 

Ing period collage Sips *. 
Downtond views London 1 tw 
AU ameruUes East Mean 393 
S. DEVON. Sea Spacious family 
flat SCM on for 2/6 £84-05* 
pw Ol 79* 0237/01-674 6660 




CORFU VILLAS Wr Mill have 
availantliiv Sunday 24.31 Aug 
141 2 wks BcauiKul v uias nr Ihe 

■•each rv Calwirk Pan World 
Hondavy Ol 734 ZSo2 


moiili pnres Fllghl* A 

nnlidai'v Freedom HolKtayv 
01 741 46B6 ATOL 432 
-Mono luv anon nats from 
£189 pp 27 Aug. 3.7.10 SeW 
Sirama 0708 862814” 

WMCM COMBE. Aug/Sept avail 
Period rha racier ratogs. Ideal 
centre touring StK *6 Tel 
0242 602 124 


FOR JUST £99 ret! 

Ingniand ettff top castle, lovely 
traditional interior for luxury 
self or send self catering. Due io 
canceflattons. weeks In 
5rplcfiiber/0naber al reduced 
rate amo summer *87 Phone 
■08361 701860 

This super-low Jetfare is just one of 
many on offer from GTH the people 
who know Germany 

Price is inclusive of Airport and Security Taxes. 
Guaranteed no Fuel Surcharges. 



ury hoiKUy bungalow Stpi 7 
Nr Mctm. ffcnng. god. Mxxh. 
winery & wme bar 2 3-30 A u 
0IU1 £180 pw 0*63 782737 


surra oanere name. Co « 
m'v 1 dco reastn 
K 4 B £150 

5W10 Piety t MM. n«* 

Ute bare a sumo seteesm of dh- 
renaoy mstwcMl lonushed 
Ktfumohefl pwoemes n nany nM 
ResaftnM ttstnets. ranpng hum 
£150 pw 10 $£000 pw 


Tel: 01-486 8926 

etc 3 Ljm reerpf K & B £175 
SWI &USB f DM an 41 
nosn MX n xnmacs 
otma ese £275 
W8 gwate + 3 MO KR . <« 
reax W2B £375 rep* 
Oiogf 3 Bed reox suiw K 2 
B. w ho £*0 0 
SW3 goqeous houst sdfed 
wnth maues. 3 months My 
3 Kd. 2/3 hfflX rev Whoe 
K. 26 + sum. 92mm & 
OZKL £700 

Ol 589 5481 

... :. Anscxambe 

; 1 1 - & Ringtarnd 

Residential Lettings 

SflttwerOK. Shffnna ax Soth 
sonaiiai 4 Deane. 4 hams. 4c 
dblereceq Sboeoaons W Supab 
canMin. Tap vcc DreO £700 pw 
bbbpp n. Uoy tiefty mw dec 
mews hse 2 oeems. ige wep. tac Supea ww U. Gge 
Dose htt. £ 2 ® tw 
GmatWEOL Boot turn oe hse 
Gres aaaOB 4 hue teams. 2 
turns. 3 reap, saw U. Bn. Fn- 
ostt «alc E185 pw 
CHaSBLOauoul l teaman** 
oase Saw So. Reaa K & a Wt> 
ton. £150 ow 
Ol 499 5334 

Quraishi 11^ ,01-629 6604 ,^ 

For the best 
rental selection of 


in prime London areas 
270 tarts Coen Road SWS. 

mansion flat nr lube with mgh 
erf Him and long window* into 
bay 2 dblc beds, lor rrerp. 
wnKr kit. w/drycr DMe ga 
uig. porter, video entrance 
pnone Co Let 6 months plus 
£235 pw Goddard A Smun Ol 
930 7321 

01-244 7353 

F-W. GAPP (Man a gement Ser 
mon Lid require praperties In 
Oniral. South and West Lon- 
don areas tor walling 
applicants 01 221 8838 

ml detached house on two 
floors In private close. 5 dMe 
beds. 3 rccem. 2 bains, super® 
eoi-ln kitchen + viUhty area AU 
machines. Umunwaly appoint 
ed throughout. Ca mera Iron! 
and rear Garage. £800 pw 
Ul. L-L Ol 328 98*6. 

ACCOMMODATION lor angle*, 
roupiev. families can Express 
Ritual* 01 883 5*57 
CENTRAL LONDON flats, houses, 
rooms Miares avail Long A Hoi 
lei Sunlmg 935 18*0 fTi 
CAST LONDON 3 bed ftaL gdn. 
kids weteomr £130 pw Ex 
press Rentals Ol 883 5*57 
FLATS HOUSES and Brasm for 
South London are as. Rental 
Guide 01 686 7576 
KENSINGTON. £133 pw Excel 
Iem ioinma well fumhned 2 
bed oarden flat o03 9*66 
LARGE 2 BED C/H. new dec Hal 
■n N London £75 pw mcl Ex 
WMl Ren la Is Ol 883 5*57 
Mayfair ttyde park The most lux 
unou* tong/shorl lets 1/6 beds 
nesi wim Ol 935 9512 m 
NW LONDON large bedsit. CH. 
C40 pw mn Exsiu Rentals 
01 883 5*57 

PURLEY. 3 bed family house oar 
den. 2 recep- CH. £1 16pw ind 
Rental Guide Ol 686 7576 
ST JAMES Pwodilly Long Let 
£350 per week Trt Ol 930 
3053 eve* No Agents 
STREATHAM 2 bed turn CH flat 
only CeO pw Others Rental 
Guide Ol 686 7576 
SWG mod lux 2 bed fit. aU amen* 
Td lei Cl 75 pw Finch* Csl & 
Management Ol 736 5505 
modern. 2 bed flat C160pw 
586 98*2 m 

WS Lux Med a lerre £300 pem 
exrl Contact SM Brack 7*8 
7366 eves or 689 2299 Office 
Wl- Nr Harley 51. Ige room in hat 
mais. Sint prof man £56 pw 
l Del far Iraq lei 01 935 6224 
Contact Richard or Mick Davis 
Woo lie A Co *02 7381 
WEST HEX A selection of charm 
tog F/F 142 Bed apls/Mals 
CIZ8 17Spw me 01 675 IB96 


Large flal overlooking pm ate 
gardens Superb location 3 bed- 
room* <2 double*. I sUKdei. 
targe silling room, separate dm 
mg room, futty equipped 
modern kitchen, bathroom and 
WC.m suite shower room and 
w C. separate guest cloak 
room Just redecorated New 
kitchen, bathrooms eir Weft 
furnished, new carpels. Own In 
dependent hot water and 
central healing. £*50 pw 370 
3277 cTl 

flux flal/house: up to £BOOpw 
Usual fees req Rump* Kay 4 
Lewi*. South of ihe Park Chel- 
sea office. 01-332 8111 or 
North of Ihe Rark Regent's 
Park office. 01-586 9882 
nave ihe Best Selection of Luxu 
ry furnished rials in 
Kemtnqlon. ChebM. 

Kntghbbrtdge. Mayfair. SI 
John* wood and Hampstead 
From C200pw Ol 2«* 7353 
nous furnished flal. 3 large 
rooms. Mlchen/dmer. 

bath /shower, lilted carpets, 
cupboards, ch. avail sept 1 mm 
o mnlh* £560 POO trt Ol 73T 
6555 day Ol 703 600* eve 
hove a quality property to let 
ten us about u. We offer a pro- 
fessional and reliable service 
Ouanshi Constantine Trt OL 
2*4 7363. 


bed roomed flal in prrxfigum* 

ofort. Avail now for tong court 
E520pw- Phone-01 881 2787 
CHELSEA: RedclUfe Gardens 
Large Luxurious studio Fulty 
Equipped Throuqhoul £120 
per week Tel: Ot 363 0*89 
FULHAM immaniJaie sunny flat 
Loc rerep Dblc bedrm KH/ 
dbier Batumi CH. W/mach 
Co Lei. £1 10 pw 01 736 0930 

IM collage, mod kiL FGCH. Ige 
gdn. fully fum £135 pw Tef 
01-468 *86* 



If you are 19-26 years, enthusiastic and 
enjoy being in a fast moving , 

environment dealing with people at all 
levels, join our Victoria based 

levels, join our Victoria based 
recruitment consultancy by ringing 
Julie now on 

01-828 0972 



01-834 1002 

> Ecdcuon Square 

an m m i l er wr non-smoker 

ante to commumraie wttn inter 
national executives a* ! urn lsned 
lettings negotiator and manage 
mem ossisiarH in bray Mayfair 
ofiice One who eiuoys demand 
mg and imetesung work and 
has ortcrminauon to succeed 
and achieve results with re 
wording benefit *91 6180 

TOR Are you InMUgcnl. 
artlcMaie and interested In Mgh 
finance? if so my atents. a lead- 
ing firm of City stockbrokers 
nave a greet opening tor you 
wilhln (heir bray US eaufUea di- 
vfston Working as part of a 
bray learn you wHI Handle a 
great vaneiy of adminitfrauon. 
liaise with Iraders and will be- 
come totally involved with me 
day lo day operation. Good ac 
curate typing together with 
good O/A levels and some com- 
mercial experience a must 
Aged »l ♦ c £9.600 + bonus 
For more details please cor too 
Sue Venables Flert Personnel 
«Rec Coral 01 404 *933 2 * hrs 

Pure rerepuon exp estentlal for 
too legal company Vou win be 
wrtl spoken with excelk-m pro 
venial ion Luxury offices 

Hours 1230630 Can Ms 
Smith 283 1556 HD 


RECEPT IONIST tar Hadtng man 
agemenl rorautency. a stones 
throw from Burtangham pal 
are EhceHml package of 
£9.000 + bonus and flexitime 
No typing A plenty of vanety 
and admm to alternate wim 
greeting visitors a handling a 
Monarch Age 30+ Trt 
Brmcdrtte of Bond Street, mer 
GrasL Ol 029 120* 




£ 6,000 

Bright outgoing junior, 
educated to A levd stan- 
dard. Mwa have Knots m 
computers and be Lccn to 
team all about die media. 
Pbone Chris 
01 602 3012 

Staff plan 



ft Marchant Ba* raqares 2 S8C- 
raones preferaWy with SH lor 
WW nwasqnert diwson WBI 
tram on WP Vaned and meres- 
mg posoaiB desmo wth 
mtemahonal caffe, travri arraoge- 
menu. teepmg a diary, anansyng 
menus lor Qnnos me. Compe- 
tent bnyq and outgoing 

aootearas only need apriy 
Toepnone Mrs McKay m 01-623 
34*4 dayomB 01-531 50*3 «8 
Ftec CQfts 

CCW NOW! Temp In Adverts 
mg. PR Couicfcncr araaiMuno. 
Arch liens, W tries a Spirui and 
WHWioq Top rates at Coveni 
Garden Bureau LLO Flert si. 
EG* 353 7696 


P W For Marketing Protect in 
CDveul Garden Work for a 
week, work for a ntonin Free 
Iuiktk-v toof Ring Juliet 01 
240 521 1 Stoff Man Ret Con 

FIRST MB £7.000 Jusi leu col 
teor and dkin'l gel on wllh 
vhocihand? Thru min Un* lead 
mq W i firm engaged In 
ckcruuv e vcorrtt a* secretary lo 
a Dinxnoi Fuu I mu ling given 
in oU office *\-arms 50 wpm 
mum ahnny needed Please 
Iplevhone ai 240 3511/3531 
iW.-sf Cud I or Ol 200 3651 
■ Citv 1 Du-atvlh Hunl Rerrual 
menl OOUMilUncs 

GTFTours Ltd, ■. - 

184 / 186 Kensington Church St., 
i LondonU/84DP. 

TEL OT -229 2474 

JU1C 23 ON! Cosy nr sea/ 
Ouoiiiork*. Lmnoor 4/o + caL 
baby *lllu»n.-l.nrn/elec/ col TV 
metuded Tel:0Z7B 732206 


uni sectefAn tor bu*v general 
prerlixn m knuiman Oner 
me. valarv nfferod Ring Ol 373 
7H33 martimgs 

■EIUONNELT You have a mini 
mum of ‘2 yean experience a a 
Penonwl Of ncw/Manaoer and 
emw reCTulung. U you ore mo 
Uvaied. and have a posnivr 
personainv men you would en 
toy being a romuliani placing 
■werelarte* m permanent )pbv 
Cornlitgi Ct* C15XMO + mi 
uain on o 2 3 mamh contract 
uvot a lira lo petmananry 
Cali Liti Cecil of Secretaric* 
Plus on 439 7001 



decwWaD etecfowo 5tiedL«.WTO r-v-wtei a u^ptqp 
trmM Law tel D50 D* 


NBCfc "« paw CteBT SBUW 4 WR £2Z5 ft * 

KNTGHTSBRtOQE. SocreO ^ !£A New <RC? 4 CSS twmjteu 
TEBOWGTON. BmuWui «p » 

person only iSb P-* , 

w-- rani 

BARNES, SW13. DW ■■ «m ftg ws Pw A far > 
stnmufll 2 iwtss. bis bh. w. j# nadwes. 4 beds. 2 own teu 
Banw S« P" « vam 

THAMES DfTTQN. Weal del UflUy tse ^to&sbl 

2 siuoous recta 3 beds. W Cb la I 809 to. E175 p.w. 
CRESCENT GROVE. SW4 &to^ ■ pcwiriy tm& Rtg ergy 
OescKrt CkBesMos4MtoNew1y*c4ftniZtodfB»aMaB««! 
pua £200 D* Mfr 

01-949 2482 

E Plaza Estates 



floor flat clove to lube Lor taw- 
ny Recep wiih Roof Trrrorc 
Master Bed wiih Dn«M Wm + 

cirouffe Balh. ?«« DMe Bed 
Both KU £250pw coofe* 828 

modern, luxury 2 PM & 1 two 

llot-. Lvery (acuity 

£ri0/£ict0 pw CM. Co Let 
43&7SE3 or 435- 413? 

fOUINNOM SWI8 Charm ino. 
uunoiB country style 3 bed 
house. dMr recro. baih. iHted 
Ml. poDo. gdn. avail now £22 S 
pw F W CaPP Ot 221 8838 

HOBtV • JAMES Contact ra now 
on 01 235 8WI tor Ute best *e- 
lecnon rd furnbnnl lto> 
houM-v m mu m knegntsariMr. 
Chrha-j and hrmtogton iTl 

UCTTmes rnCOIMTO*. see 

Non- Secretarial vacanrte* 

MAMULVALB j Mteruon of orwtv 
lunuvhefl amt decorated I oad 
2 bedroom lulls' fornnhwl not*. 
iravonaMr unnv full drtras 
k TP Ol "56 «512 

SWIO. Spacious 2nd floor man 
non flal 3 bed*. 2 rrerps. 2 
turn*. F F kuch. vep rtoakv. 
balcony bit Long company hi 
£275 pw neg Holman* Ol 370 

CIA PHAM, vc basement fiat. «/- 
kit. d/r shown . share smalt 
Harden, rh um civ still rnu- 
W £120 pw me Trt 01622 

HOUDAY LETS V*> have a mint 
tier Of Hats 4. house* avaalablr 
fnr short term ki* in Central 
London ttenham A Rnsn 938 

EOfl South lacing garden. 2 
Beds. Dbk- Rec<-D. KII un appll 
ancevi. Mud Both. CITOpw *93 
2091 dm 870 4703 iTl 

Pkne superb modrm. J m 
flat av.HkiMe now C2B5 pw 

■ml Pftsiw- contact Ol 9ys 
9055 KH drtoitv 

S KEN. Thurtoe Sq SW 7 Cleqant. 
ins m s n.ilv fiNn s/r dot awn 
■iiliaiMc sml roupk'/vingle Co 
hi ouiv Min 6 mins Citopw 
5f*4 JA ? a 

Rules A Curnoam lw p a large 
seks Hon of Itols A hHces avad. 
otoe Inr I week- Horn L300PW 
*99 IOOQ 

BA RNE S hn- lux .v ned h*e. on 
ante re- + gdn Co hi £300 pw 

I unit's male A ManaqemrM 

01 788 *J48 

BARONS COURT rtti Kent l heg 
i tew iv roturrtnl luxury flal | 
min lube Cl 15 in Trt. Sue 
pm A eves oq* IKS 


2 Rer*m. 2 Bain llal In hionvna 
btork Cnlrt C270nw Coward 
A Co KM 1957 





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Law Report August 1 8 1 986 



Grant rules are unfair for 
unmarried lone parents 

•* 51 1 

Retina vSeaeiaiy of State for 
' Edncatifin,Ex parte Schaffer 
\ Before Mr Justice ScUemann 
^ [lodgment given July 30] 

- The application of regulations 
>:< Much provided that lone par- 
's Tents who ftadnever married 
*were ineligible for a hardship 
- * ^aoi bot that lone parents who 
> * ^had been married were eligible. 
■ li infringed the jnmdple of equal 
\ treatment for men and women 

itions had they been 

They did not provide for the 
payment by the secretary of 
state to such persons of die 
hardship grant amounts equiva- 
lent to foose which were payable 
under Schedule 4 to foe prin- 
dpal regulations. • ■ 
The combined effect of foe 
regulations was that foe never 
married lone parent was worse 
off than the once married kme 

SiSt;! ^ regarded access to vocational on man me once married tone 
S 5aii«ng as embodSedm Council JSK 611 * 1 85 1116 fon “ r 

G fin, *DirccSve 76/207/EBC. ' did not get from any source the 

»%*fllCliv , . - . ■ . . . _ amounts which the tatter was 

l MrJt«iceS^nmnsobekl able to obtain by virtue of 
5n the Queen s Bench Division Schedule 4 

used. Lone parents were parents 
not cohabiting with a partner 

b ut w ho had one or more there was no discrimination; irnnini v ^rm t ■■ B nfc«ata r<» 

tendat childreii. Mamed and foe feci foal in absolute fI 

5K parents numbers substantially more fc- SL 0 1 ^Lr epartmei,t ’ Ex 

who w ere roamed but whose males than mates were ad- 8“*p Bemett 

marriage had terminated. Single vereety affected by foediEihility Secretary of Stale for 

thosc ,0De test was irrcfevant. the Home Department, Ex 

His Lortship did not accept parte Thornton 
^ TTieprindPie of Before Lord Justice Purchas, 

Th#. equal treatment enshnnedm the Lord Jusucc Uoyd and Lord 

ine essential demographic directive was prima Jade not Justice GlideweU 
*“ e: QA - , befog observed it in a situation [Judgment riven July 301 

pa^ U Jw^fSaI? nl ° f 0nC ^^r^ Wa l^ eqUaj D T' Kb HsWng a cir4iJ giving 
paicius were lemaie. ber of -women and men m the rn«M lrrwn tuhirh ht> xurvnlrl 

conclusive on the point of 
discrimination and showed 

Home Secretary 
exceeded powers 
over allowances 

Mueller holds on 
as Zurbriggen 
goes on the attack 

Jn foe Queen's Bench Division 

i£BL fc ?aS jafrw.^N, 

that h was contrary to the ShehadnwS^m^Lirt^twi 
provisions of articles 2 and 4 of 
Ihe equal treatment (!) to have 

SB foe applicatiin to Ms ££?? 

Sdaffleroffoeprovision of 322?*,®“ ««**«“% «»®- 

Regmav Secretary of State for 

the Home Department. Ex 
parte Bennett 

Regina * Secretary of Stale for 
the Home Department, Ex 
parte Thornton 

_ parents were female. 

amounts which the i«t»r was ^ About 80 per cent of married 
able to obtain by virtue of lone parents were female. 
Schedule 4. 3 About 80 per cent of single 

t i 

Schafftcr'of foe provisron of 
Schedule 4 of foe Educational 

(Mandatory Awards) Regula- aaK a gram ora <na 

ionsjSI -1981-No 943), (SIJ982 ^ ha T? ship P 1 

No 954). (SI 1983 No 1 135) and because she had not ever been 

(SI 1984 No 1116) subject to foe minmnn 

rrtflriilinn nr Mmimnpnt that . ^ W ^ S common P*™ that 

No 954). (SI 1983 NO 1135) and «* 

(SI 1984 No 1116) subject to foe ""P™* mmmnn . 
condition or requirement that f, 

she should, have married and 5?f for 

that her marriage should have 

terminated; and (2) not to have ®?“h| .Li^hLi 

paid to Ms Schaflter various gS5T2EvS2f^,JSSLl?4jS5 

Sjgg yrf— aaaasssaeJSf* 

^ . She said that she had been 

. Mr Stephen sealey, Qt and discrimiitaied against on the 
Mr Robm Ajten for the ajv ground of her sex and that that 
■phc anti-Mr John Mnmmery for discrimination was forbidden 
■foe secretary of state. by virtue of the equal treatment 


-said that students could obtain She c l aime d relief which was 
grants either under the Educa- predicated upon foe proposition 
Bon (Mandatory Awards) that what had token place. 
Regulations (the principal Mounted to an mmi 
regulations) or under foe Educa- the principle of equa 
tion (Students' Dependants for men and women i 
Allowances) Regulations (the to vocational naming 

The applicant had a little boy !?*£*!??!!?? were , 

who was dependent upon her. f A bout 2 0 per can of female 

She had never married foe boy's . 

father or anyone dse. She 3 About 20 per cent of male lone 

started a vocational training , . 

course and successfully con£ 6 The male and female popula- 
pletedh. 3 non m the country were roughly 

She received a grant but did . 

not receive foe hardship «*»** The regulations operated so as 

because -she had not ever hrn to give hardship grants to mar- 
mamed. ned lone parents but so as to 

It was common ground that deny hardship grants to single 
she was not under the terms of lone parous. „ „ , 

population, one saw a practice 
wodring in reality inreum a way 
that many more women than 
men were adversely affected by 

Section 1 of the Sex 
Discrimination Act 1975 was 
not directly relevant but did not 
point to any other conclusion. It 
indicated that what should be 
established was (1) foe propor- 
tion of all women who could 
comply with the requirement — 

In publishing a circular giving 
criteria upon which be wonhl 
approve the derisions of police 
authorities, foe Home Secretary 
was attempting or appearing to 
attempt to affect foe authorities 
in foe discharge of forir func- 
tions under regulation 47(4)(b) 
of the Police Regulations (SI 
1979 No 1470) and was thereby 
acting outside his own functions 
under that regulation. 

The Cburt of Appeal so held, 
dismissing an appeal by the 
Home Secretary from a decision 

(2) IHWtion of tf^J^&^fy'Shoon 

The effect of that and of the 
sta t isti c s was: 

1 There was no significant 
difference between foe percent- 
age of female lone parents who 
were single and the percentage 
of male fame parents who were 

2 There was a decisive dif- 
ference between the percentage 
oflone parents who were female 
and the percentage of lone 
parents who were male. 

3 In consequence there were 

amounted to an infringement of some four timesas many female 
the principle of equal treatment lone paren ts who were ineligible 



SDA regulations) (SI 1983 No 
11851. (SI 1984 No 1179) and 
(SI 1985 No 1160) 

In the case of married parents 
with dependants, fay virtue of 
paragraph 18 of Schedule 2 to 
the principal regulations, the 
local education authority was 
under a duty to pay by way of 
giant an amount which took 
mto account the requirements 
of those dependants. Parents 
who bad never been married got 
nothing under that head. 

Schedule 4 to the principal 
regulations applied to give par- 
ents who had once been married 

for men and women as to access 
to vocational training which was 
embodied in the directive. 

It was agreed that as between 

for h ard s h ip grants as there were 
male lone parents who were 
ineligible for hardship grants. 
What was at issue was 

students who had married and whether that t w ^p n iin^ 

had dependent children on the revealed a prima Jade case of 
one band, and students who had indirect discrimination which 
never married but nevertheless foe secretary ofstate would need 

all men who could comply with February 13. 1986 granted 

the requirement - Y per amt applications by Micha^An- 
and (3) com parison of X and Y iftny tennen and Michael 
and dttermmahon of whether Richard Clarke Thornton to 
** considerably smaller quash decisions by foe Home 
than the other. Secretary not to approve maxi- 

in most cases X and V would mum limits of rent allowance 
be very small percentages, but proposed by Greater Mancbes- 
rinre one was comparing X whh te r Police Authority and 
Y foe djflenmoe between 1 per Humberside Police Authority, 
cem and 2 per cent was no less conveyed in letters dated Feb- 
significant than the difference mary 8 and March 1, 1985 
between 30 per cent and 60 per r es p ec ti vely, and a 

cent. declaration that part of Home 

If the pool of which the Office Circular No 90/1984 was 
percentages were included ultra vires and of no effect, 
all humanity it did not matter if Mr John Laws for the Home 
foe practice under attack had no Secretary; Mr Robert AJexan- 
irapact on the vast bulk of der. QC and Mr Jack 
humanity. for the applicants. 


eration to a very small size there sard that regulanon 47(4) pro- 
was a very real risk that an act of vided for the computation of the 

had dependent children on the 
other hand, the vocational train- 

discriminatio n bad incor- 
porated into the definition. 

maxim am limit allowance pay- 
able to an individual officer by 

the secretary of state it 

ing was not accessible on the was submitted that the sexes' 

basis of foe same criteria. 

were being treated alike. Clearly 

The case was not one of direct there was discrimina tion be- 
discri mutation. The directive tween married lone parents and 
however proscribed nor merely single lone parents but that was 
direct discnm rnation but also not complained of as pH * 

I 1 1 | , Tn r> ents who had once been married 

| ill'-. vfajrtC* I m but who had lost their spouse an 
■" - * AJU extra amount over and above 

indirect discrimination on the For the applicant, ft was 
ground of sex. • submitted that the effect of the 

Indirect discrimination arose eligibility test for hardship 
where (a) the complainant grants was that many more 
proved a demographic point women would be inMbited'froin 


!■ :»-i a.:. 


■ -fiicrriptfrti 

'• r - u ir.'i aUSTOZ 
'■iii ii:<} a serf 
'■< rt snjri riicralc 
. cdtoic 

i ; .•rn^cu.aJiipt'khs 

that specified in Sdiedule 2 (a 
hardship grant) Parents who 
had never been married got 
nothing under that head either. 

The SDA regulations pro- 
vided for the secretary of state to 
make to -those who were ex- 
cluded from the operation of the 
principal regulations by virtue 
of never-having been married, a 
payment equivalent to. that 
which they would have received 
under Schedule X Qf\tbe -priuc ^ 

namely that the practice or undertaking vocational t raining 1 
enactment complained of al- than men, or alternatively be 
though apparently sexually neu- financially disadvantaged n they 
tral in fact had a did so and that showed on the 
disproportionate impact on one fece of ft th*r the principle of 
sex mid (b) the author of the equal treatment enshrined in the 
practice or enactment was do- directive was not being ob- 
able to establish that the practice served. 

or .enactment oomplaioed of Mr Mummery submitted, in- 
could be explained by objec- ter That the proportion of 
lively justified factors ■ un- female lone parents who were 

connected with discrimination single was the «atri^ as the 
on the ground of sex. U-.-.v . - proportion of mate lone parents 
.. .Jhefofiowiii* terms would be who were single,, that that was 



—111—— t £7,008 PA 

I Aw. V T 

1 U2-14JCC. 27-35. UM 

- I fatal tal knww wo 

l l I SI) AY ; 

I 11* ■ 

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in - 1 

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Baeffw NO Ba ton 
MpnfiAcrai xbfitr amt Ur 

ssr. ss&tf&'sfc 

El 0.000 +. Ootgoao. holy ad 
EonBM iK&nWL oH taaohs, 

bH dob mns ml Mtpm. an. 

es; s^ua&ts 

TOB^» ^SrE9 500liyi 
md ewarn (oKenoo too cone 
aiar 1 yori Uqntiy neks lo re- 
ant a trainte (u A lewlsl tor 
ttar fonaRl ptamg drartmenL 
Dubs "il msearA SM- 
ncs. amose worn ■*) vw* 
sensvw dotes jSH ptaawl) + 
wo fsosedDe. TmTewcton 

g taa%bKMa 


Eunnwc uktuv i&so. 

SLSOO • £10600 ♦ Bonus. We 
need * bngftt enttiugdafic *A* 
m* or HND/OmJ. secretary 
whu good wp or SH/Typ. 
stuus to iotn our young mso- 
Stotts European Markefiag 
Group in the w.End. You wU| 
be tnvoti-ed in Oie conatanl 
Uaston wlUi Curope iLanga 
COUM be useful)'* New York 
and be re tp o ua M r . for 
ocvuitanp « young eWcuOvas 
busy uleraallonH achedule. 6u- 
PCT» conaitkms & axceMnl 
prospem. Please ring 
Casoedau on Oi 48S non 

without s/H. A nator inrt nrm 
> 0 Ui supeta cliy offices seeks an 
effloeot PA to assist Utr Manag- 
cr of their Execunve SeMDon 
DKiaien. You wnt turve the <*p- 
DortcmMy to become totally 
Intoned both oo the admlnta- 
trauve and secretarial sides. 
Good presentation A a courte- 
ous manner ts essential as you 
will be meeOng many Cttents + 
eacelleql let. manner anda Mgb 
b-sei oOmerpenonat skins- Cau 
Lorraine Ktndmarsii: 406 6148 
Kliqual Pers. Cons. 

Bi Ungual 


TMs is a imdy ntod posMon 
wxMng for American comntxSy 
tnriere presendy m tte 0^, tut , 
i roaring stmt? to SW1. OotoiKiJ 
, age is 2S^Q wtth tooat Ftoadv I 
and 1QQ/S0 Engasb aOorBund/ 

1 (ypmg. Itara is good scope to 
advancement and m mnaiw 
package is oftemL 
Thore is aim an npotuty tar o 
ytoagor Penan 20-25 wiffl con- 
^msiiaat Fran* a £S.5Q0. - 
Ptoasa ptaonp 01438 080. 

Appobthnente l*L 


Do you hew saw*- Us, 
chwm, and personalty? IT 
so, we have the iob for you 
working lor a p an ner In a 
prestigious West End prop- 
erty comp an y. As weK as 
audio secretarial duties, toff 
your fata wfl be spent in 
o rgan is ing nunerous fac- 
tions Bttf coddai- parties. 

Bosd St Boreas 

Z2 Sooth HcBon S*. W1 
P*»s Coos} 

OWN/ ntEMCH PA ( no 

S/H) u> panner or Prepurty Co. 
Musi campo a e own 
Correspondence. tUJsa vrith cU- 
Mb and lake on a lot or 
respomtbeuy. Must be ttvety 
person with excellent presenta- 
Uon some travel £10000 
Me now Emp Apr I The Lav 
puageSMdBBSB) Ol «3S 1487. 

Colleger leaver with 
manner & 

enthusiasm required 
for busy weody 

Pfeaee apply to: 
Rachel Turner, 

I The Spectator, 
56 Doughty St, 
London WCt N2LL 

Mr Sedtey urged a choice of relation to “maximum limit for 

^i5S!f-«Jd^3SSS allowance w. be 

an students with dependent based on foe rent tote: paid for 
children daiming grants. “ nnfunusbed letting of a 

Either would get him home on boose to be assessed by the 

this limb of the argument. In his district valuer. 

Lordship's judgment foe pool „ An mcreasmg number of po- 
should be i^tbe large enough bee officers were bong boused 
to indude all students with “ accommodation which they 
dependent children daiming other owned ot rented with a 
prnptc • corresponding decrease of om- 

it was then for the secretary cos in police-provided houses 
slate to establish that foTeE- teaw* of the deefane m foe 
gibilrty requirements could be importance of a police officer 
explained by objectively jus- B X«6 "o? t he bear , 
tifiedfectois. In 1974a procedure called the 

The justification relied upon Metropolitan system was 
did not amount to justification. a ^°F ted ^? r . cakulatmg the 
No attempt was nwrii- give maximum limit and individual 
reasons for the distinction rent aDowmce of officers, 
-drawn in foe regulations. The _ That involved the selection 
applicant would be givoi the fonmy given pohee amhonty of 
relief which die sought. a typical house . A fector was 

Xife tniiM t mmm, obtained by comparing the 
ir rental value of foal house as 

Kratub Town; Treasury Sohc- cstimaied by the district valuer 
nor * . - r ,i - and a resulting figure was used 

comoute the rent allowance. 
■mm - 1 A nr Strictly speaking that was a 
JuAxlAIK n on-statutory d^arture from 

. ' „ tire computotion of the rent 

piorthand/awfao secre- allowance provided by foe 

roSnoSSl deSrtoent parties, isduding the Home 

of the police authority's bousing 

In 1985 the police authority 
for Greater Manchester sought 
approval of a revised force 
maximum limit based upon an 
increased notional rental value 
of a selected “typical” house: 

The Home Secreuiy refused 
to approve the new maximum 
limits and stated, inter alia, that 
it was doubtful whether the 
selected house could be regarded 1 

Similarly, the Humberside 
police authority sought the 
Home Secretary's approval of a 
maximum limit rent allowance 
based upon a selected typical 

The Home Secretary refused 
approval on foe ground that the 
requirements of the circular 
were not met. 

There was no patent ambigu- 
ity in regulation 47(4Xb) in foe 
two roles, namely, that foe 
police authority fixed the maxi- 
mum limit for each rank and 
that that limit did not come into 
effect unless approved by foe 
Home Secretary. 

The regulation placed no 
constraint on the Home Sec- 
retary in the performance of his 
role and the exercise of his 
authority to approve or dis- 
approve could only be subject to 
foe inherent duty to act reason- 

The Home Secretary had to 
treat each application on its own 
merits. It was not open to him to 
prejudge his consideration by 
laying down in advance criteria 
by which he would exercise his 

To the extent that the circular 
announced new criteria by 
which future applications would 
be examined rather than consid- 
ering each application on its 
own merits, foe circular was 
ultra vires and of no effect. 

The central question was 
whether foe court would order 
judicial review of decision let- 
ters. whether as evidence of an 
unreasonable exercise of power 
under the regulation or under 
the principle of legitimate 

Section I of the Police Nego- 
tiating Board Act 1980 which set 
up foe board to represent foe 
interests of the police force 
provided ample bass for a 
legitimate expectation on the 
pan of the applicants that a step 
which would substantially prej- 
udice rent allowances would not 
be taken without having re- 
sorted to the negotiating proce- 
dures established by foe Act. 

Once it was established that 
the selection of foe “typical 
house” was not merely a refine- 
ment of an existing procedure 
but made a substantial dif- 

Las Lenas, Argentina (Reuter) 
— P^ter Mueller, of Switzerland, 
got his World Cup season off to 
a fine start al foe weekend by 
opening up an eariy lead in the 
championship despile a strong 
attack from his compatriot 
i Piimin Zurbriggen. 

After two (teys of competition 
in foe men’s downhill event, 
Mueller was on 40 points, five 
points ahead of his team-mate, 
having finished first and third in 
his two races. Third place went 
to Leonhard Stock, of Austria, 
foe former Olympic champion. 
' The bad weather which had 
plagued foe tournament from 
the start had all but disappeared 
by foe second day. And with 
conditions more conducive to 
last times, the skiers were able to 
attack the course from foe off. 
Zurbriggen. the 1984 World Cup 
champion, who won the second 
race after finishing sixth in foe 
first, said: “I was much more 
aggressive and really skiing at 
the limit. The snow was hard 
enough to make it a good race.” 

Mueller, however, blamed 
falling visibility on the tact he 
was 'more cautious in foe second 
race, while Danilo Sbarddlotto. 
who arrived as one of Italy’s 
brightest hopes, finished seven- 
teenth and complained that the 
course was too steep and too 
short for a downhill race. Marc 
GirardellL of Luxembourg, the 
reigning champion, finished 
tenth in foe second race, but lies 
sixth overall — courtesy of a 
fourth-place finish the previous 

RESULTS: Ran Two: 1. P Zurteiogan 
ISwtc) Vrrun 38KSsec. 2, L Sac* (Aus- 
tria). 1 M 3. P Muster (SwiC1 1:3167. 
4. F Henzer (Swazi 138.67. 5. M 
Wasmeier MG) 138.71. 6 K AOOV 
rSwiKi 1:38.97; 7 . o Manror (S*MZ) 
139.03; 8, P WimstMTOor (Austria] 
13021; & I C^ote (It) 13936. fo. M 
GraraeAlLux) 13942 ll.HHooMnr 
(Austria) 1:39.47. 12. A Stamw (Austria) 
139.75; 13. A GlHdom (IU 13982; 14. S 
NwctesMr (Austria) 1 39.87: IS. G Oanrt 
tSwnz) 13937. Bnttoe 36. M SeU (6B) 
1:41.98. Omal: 1. MueSar. 4Qpts; 2. 
ZiaBnggen. 3S; 3. Stock. 31: 4. Atoiger 
and Hamzar. 30: 6. Grcraetb. IS; 7. 
Wftsmeiar. 17; a, Wimsoarger and 
Mahrer. 16; 10, CJgofci and S WMgrtawr 


Twitty leads way 

! Castle Rock, Colorado (Reu- 
ter) — Howard Twiuy and 
Bernhard Langer led foe way as 
! 12 players advanced to the final 
round of foe SI million 
(£650.000) international tour- 
nament here. Twitty had seven 
birdies and dropped a stroke ax 
three holes for 1 1 points in foe 
modified Stableford scoring sys- 
tem. while Langer made six 
birdies and twice dropped a 
stroke for 10 points. 

Other players advancing to 
the lucrative final round include 
Nick Price, with nine points; 
Joey Sindelar with eight, Ken 
Green, J C Snead and Tom Kite 
with seven, Chen Tze-Chung. 
Donnie Hammond and Andy 
Dillard with six, and Kenny 
Knox and Bruce Lietzke with 

Players who felled to make 
foe third round cut included 


his best 
till last 

By George Ace 

When Joey Dunlop, foe For- 
mula One world champion, 
finished 63 seconds adrift of 
NeiJ Robinson in the FI cate- 
gory at the Shell Ulster Grand 

ference to foe future assessment I Prix meeting over the Dundrod 


Shorthand/audio secre- 
tary, good, speeds 
essential required for 
busy and expanding, 
commercfe] department 
in nationally known 
property auction bouse. 
Non smoker prefe r red. 
Salary nraotiablel For 
farther information tde- 

ghone 491 2220 Sne/ 

11 ‘ s A 1 ,.4 

■ l V J' j 1 

weal npenftio for brtgut cones* 
tantr. in me nuMiy enaMW 
Odd or DfflcMMve* conmuff- 
9- Working to pan of a small. 
Ugh p ww ii d learn you win 
be* to ptan and coanoaam an 

A -level education and good lyp- 
iag requested- Please tel 01-409 
1232 The Work Shoo. 

Creator*. cowncraH onvtroa- 
bum. High client llalmn 
100/60. £10.000. Can Natans 
TED A«y 01.736 9857 

AUpOO PA tor orga n ised Mz> or 
. WC2 Advertising Aoen ev age 
2S+. To £ 10 . 000 . Duke a tec 
Con. m-a»0676 

On November 30, 1984 

Home Office Circular . No 
90/1984 was published. It 
slated, inter alia, that the Home 
Secretary would take into ac- 
count the rateable value of foe 
selected bouse and whether it 
was broadly in line with the 
average rateable value of the 
police authority’s housing. 

When applying for the Home 
Secretary’s approval ofincreases 
in maximum limits it required 
the police authority to state 
whether the selected bouse met 
that description, giving foe rate- 
able value of the selected bouse 
and the average rateable value 

of rent allowances, lhar was a 
change in procedure. in respect 
of which the applicants had a 
legitimate expectation that foe 
question would be considered in 
the negotiating procedure. 

The judge, was correct in 
quashing the two decision letters 
which were based upop the 


In exercising his powers to 
approve or disapprove, the 
Home Secretary had an un- 
fettered discretion which was 
subject to a duty to act reason- 
ably in the Wednesbury sense 
([1948] 1 KB 223) and a duty to 
exercise his power in accordance 
with the principles established 
in the agreements. 

The Home Secretary foiled to 
exercise his powers within those 

Lord Justice Lloyd and Lord 
Justice GlideweU delivered 
concurring j udgments. 

Solicitors: Treasury Solicitor; 
Russell Jones & Walker. 

m u ramr CO Mayfair- Sr/pa 
( wp). oood variety- cCMW. 
C.V. loe HID. IS Dover SL Wl. 
01-495 2244 

Junes'] Park tubaj 

AJOCBRECCS SCO £9.800 * to 
WM Partner aaa team at 
aware winning Covcm Darden 
wwtire. K you're 25+. With 
8/H sung, and an eye fbr de- 
sign please qn rt a rt CDvent 
Carden Bureau. HO Fleet St 
EO« 363 7696. 


abou PR/Media. Estate Agents Rgg”"** PA. Oo Mo . 
or Drinks Cor*, or nuyneaTog j«/60. OuBengta 4 Oenaiia- 

People's Out) or Big Bang J"9 PQMtion. £9-000. CMJ 
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1696. CM t-trm *_■ 

Discrimination rule 
does not apply 
to re-engagement 

circuit in Northern Ireland at 
foe weekend, and followed that 
with a remote fourth behind 
Stephen Cull in the 250ec class, 
his admirers had visions of 
Dunlop being eclipsed over his 
favourite circuit. 

But Dunlop was saving his 
best for the last race of the day: 
the Classic. He set a lap record 
of 120.83 mph, averaging 1 18.29 
mpb. as he came in 14 seconds 
ahead of Roger Marshall, his 
Honda team-mate. 

Brian Reid retained his For- 
mula Two world title when be 
j finished second to Eddie 
Laycock. Reid, who rode a 
tactical race in the worst of the 
weather, never attempted to 
close on the Dubliner who took 
foe flag 66 seconds ahead. 
“There was no point in pushing 
it in those conditions,” Reid 
said. “The circuit was awash 
and as long as I kept in touch the 
title was fine.” He finished with 
31 championship points. 

Dunlop's distant second to 
Robinson was attributable to 
two factors: wrong choice of 
lyres and a near-accident on the 
first lap when he virtually had to 
stop after a rider came off at the 
hairpin bend just in front of 
him. ... 

Jack Nickiaus. w ho struggled to 
a plus one total. Bob Tway, the 
recent PGA championship win- 
ner, with no points, and Tom 
Watson who finished at minus 
two. Other casualties included 
Hal Sutton, John Mahaffcy and 
Corey Ravin. 

In ibis new tournament, each 
par is worth no points, birdies 
two. eagles five and double 
eagles 10. Each one over par 
scores minus one point white 
two over par or worse is minus 

The winner of the 12-player 
final round will collect S I S0.000 
while the twelfth placed finisher 
will earn $28,000. 

LEADING SCORES: (US unless staled). H 
T»wr». It ps; B Longer (WGj, 10. N Pooo 
(SA), S; J Smdetar. S; K Green. 7: JC 
Snead. 7; T Kite. 7: 0 Hammond. 6; A 
Mara 6; C Tze-Crung (Taiwan), fr. K 
Knox, 5: B Uetzue. 5. 8ntsh score. K 
Brown. 1 (fated to quakly tar fmai round). 





By our Shooting 


Neil Braisher, a marketing 
executive from Chichester, took 
most of the major trophies at foe 
National Small Bore Rifle 
Association meeting which 
ended at Bisley on Saturday, but 
had a hard task to win foe 
British individual 


He won foe title for foe 
second time in four years but 
was forced to a tie-breaker by 
Michael Babb, aged 22. of 
Soufoborough, Kent, when they 
both scored 778 out of 800 for 
their 40 shots at 50 metres and 
40 at 100 yards. 

Although the general level of 
scoring was lower than in recent 
years, all were equally affected 
by the conditions and in foe tie- 
breaker, 20 shots at 100 yards, 
Braisher scored 194 and Babb 

Braisher, of foe Havant Rifle 
Club, dominated the meeting, 
winning the grand aggregate and 
the 50 metre championship. 
Although he was unplaced in the 
three- positi ons cham pionship a t 
foe start of foe meeting, his 
prone scores throughout the 
week were so high that he also 
won the combined aggregate 
trophy with 3,883 out of a 
possible 4,000. 

*>- JUm SH */or Aids secs ter 

SS56*. «™S3SS 

tUMoromrawnuo OukeSl Rec Coos. 01-493 8676 

s sumo sec wMh sparkle 

WUAUve. Aged ZS-35. su- 

£ 10 . 000 *-. Pvenri m OFFICE teAMAMtewtib good an. 

Secretaries Use COM 01-486 

craw you oo n s» wrfl (or M- 
<«rW. If you're 23+ with MU*I 
ofuw oswiw c c. or have 
worked wtui people, we nave 
an opening (or a. Trainee Inter- 
viewer at Govern Garden 
Bureau- The worn ts nrmanch 
big. sometunes diffteoU but 
always mierening and to sten 
wr oner Non- 
smatar preferred. Contact 
D»ui Fisher, no run su 
EC4: 3S5 7696. 

PRCHCH TO nl/T. Standard Sec- 
retary for City Bank. Rusty S/H 
vm do. £9.000 M ar r ow emp 
W The Language SpecfaUttO 

ART 21-30 yean 

nra. wmc M jcanh - go9M- 

■UW yocmg see sought br fast- 
lyrtR PR apeocy in. Goran 

Carden. Accounts tectude tog. 

■rarattaC Secretny/PA 
2nd woner 19* No s/hnxL no 
ra«0 rrgulred by this rttodd - 
tag WCt Croup of Financial 
Ckmsunanu. Typing must be 
9oo« for cmdMeiuial reports. 
Edurauon. appearance and per- 
aonaWy Rrsa elan lo deal wnti 
cotatani now o t OKnts and 
members or use sales force. 
£ 8.000 pa lo sun + £250 pa 
hmcti allowance and 6 weeks 
boh Joyce Cotnew 01 589 
8807/0010 iRec Gras). 

An opoanunUy nM to be mtoaed 
a p e o f e ad on a l Notoarn hand 
CO. IMr workaholic Snr Mw- 
ager ddegotos abundantly lo hli 

PA- Therefore worn* a* per- _ . .. 

son seeking tmofvtment ft p IHIIH !■ M CROWD - Mgn- 
aamm rea m w iM H tw. Era of v*mg c«y 

AIBs 110/50 A an unflapptato w*»to4dds seek college leaver 

confident umaX Ate 25+ ^rtl^cUvoNvlcapdpenohal 
Sal cXiaooo Deg- Contact Sue to- Working weOflcaMy with 
XecsMw 408 1616 two hvebr. outgoing dnwciora 

Mamettercc tec Coos. you w b han ge -p n ooe wor k. 

fi2.w 8. sank UHO bus supwter ^ff I 2rJ ! 225? lS2*25!S 

coraoD Vat " 

typing and WP stllb. but m AXtaltagtoA P lKA IIMPI O tMQQ 

eK-Lofcof meotaapdclJemilto- 
sor. Lob of office offiMn.Cn« 
e nvttonw eni ■ grew lob - gew 
pntotoO*. Salary to Cajsoo. U. 
yoghawo good typing, lop of 
waMttan and some axpeneuce 
nil oi-A09 xasz The .Work 

MVS ■! HCCAMM-VI . friendly 
shipping company seeks recap- 
don/ nr for went End office. 
P rofe s sio na l manner, cheerful 
d lwW o n and good typing re- 
aueated. Salary £7.000- ID 
£8*600 sac. Pwase M 01-409 
iaa The Work Shoo. 

Property M Pm owi Co. ! 
toote for a _ wet+adocaied. 
darntag. ooaOdeoi and me- 
thodical person to run nor 
office, negotiators and cliM* 
need to be taken tan of and die 
tack- up office a dmin , run 
smoothly. Super offices and 
people. Joyce Ctonei Ol 589 
8807/0010 ouc Cong. 

ttXj ao o, i i Senior level eapen- 
race » needed by mis firm or 
internananai Management con- 
snltanes. AS PA (o Ihelr Vice 
PraidenL you should want lo 
give loot* commit m enL ihe 
noun can be long bul Um re- 

wards w gfaitio 

100/60 t WP meperte ne . Ate 
SA*. Ftor more hifonnauan 
please coo tod Caroline King 
APPIS. 01-499 8070. 

company bi me heart of toe 
West End needs a P JK. who ex- 
pects lo use initiative and M) 


Ufy desosHms to toe bass. Good 
suns. Wp experience 4c o good 
education an a sew lat Age 
around so. C- £10800. Benia- 
dedeor Bond Street. atecCBnsL 
Ol 609 1304 

ONE TWO THRO, OOJ - one of 
London's uw PR agencies needs 
a yn- working exu ti nme lor 
perhaps a bRtail for S grew 
lota. You need to be bright, bun- 
wy end oMgofng. to handle 
Malson wiih lournaHsts. ckems 
etc. Good shorthand and typing 
aha needed. Ate 20f. Salary to 
JC&50Q. Please id M-409 1232 

^ ... 

'^1 ■ 

»300. jotti UiK dly based 
raWping company and operate 
JI'Jf how Manarch pwttat- 
b«ra. lets of HiiemaUMial- 
ralh and clictib camng io. 90 a 
good spMkmg rol» is emcnlM. 
Wetae telephone 01 240 

351 1/3SJI ! iWch End) dr 01 
£•05551 ‘Ckyl. EHabeih Hunt 
Recrudiotnl Consul tools. 

+ Mwl sub. * Fares. 4 JO pm 
1050 om. Sdoys a week- 56 
Qrping+ WP needed. Please tall 
Dtoorne Rtcnardson Recrufl- 
nwni Consultants. 01-409 2393 
S9MJ0 * mortgage * bonus. No 
Mwnhand. no audio. Prefer a 
graduate age 25-55 with En- 
filbh mother longue T«i 01-248 
5656 Qta tte curt Emp AW 
raifon i mn Puonc school 
educated PA rmulred with 
■honnond/toidlo to wort, for 

uoobim io vwr dies or di to 
on racepuon if necessary. Tern- 
porary basis InUialty leadtogto 
permanancy. Age 2&-3G. 6 aa 
377 8600 (City) or 039 7001 
■west EnoiSeownrieaPluaThe . 

n m ms niof iil I 

JWJ *“* v 9 HII WMIra 

SMALL 15 BCAimniL • canag. I 
cunmnerrannoiB and ray 
professional. Urn Wed End- 
based finance nouse hens smaH 
companies to grow, as secre- 
tory within * dedicated, 
(rientfy uam vw wa aaioy re- 
mratMUiy and work on your 
owe intiMitve. AfAMk thwt- 
rund and audio typing 
mounted- Age 20*. ffiteryto 
£8-500 Pfe aie KtophOiie Oi- 
493 5787 Gordon VUn 



Lwe fw. ^hand. grafiorptog 

to wort- in CatarmraS rate of 
famous Cay Adverttang ww 
A origin eMhiBUet will art fun 
training and paruapate 
level confWentiaiKy- £6600. to 
Kart + fringe bendlls + 

Joyce Guinea Ol 589 
8807/0010 (tec Cons). 

•CtaSTMin far ArchWects A 
Dedgnert. Permaneni ft lempo- 
rary poHIUlta AMSA Speaausl 
ter Cons Ol 734 0638 

+ e*e benefits. .Disco, holiday 
centres, sports duta * leisure . 
eemres are just scree of the In- ! 
terests of tots targe company 
As a Marketing PA. you win as- 
■W in promoting these and 
oilier prateco. Carrytog ova an 
ndndn orlemated looctjon. you 
w« pet , tow of tm’otvrtms*. 
Skins 60/30 wpm. Synergy, toe 
recnhlmew crasnuanry.- Ol 
637 9533- 

COLLtm LEAVER/ Junior Sec 
for ManteOsg- Dtv 
KnighUrklgr tat Co. working 
nramy In reeephott. WM1 algo 
take oexastonal dtetahon from 
Stopping Manager needing av- 
erage s/hand and «6 wpm 
tyvinv. WM auend course to 
team WP and iriev. CX7.500. 
Fringe taps Inriuoo free lunch 
and STL. Joyce OuteesnOl S89 
8807/0010 (Roc ConaL 

COLUE8E /SCHOOL LEAVES re-* ate. Good shorthand and typing 

qulred for poauon ss Ed&otrui ^dneeded. Age 204-. Salary U 

Aadstam / junior sec typing/ ra^OCLPhrae id 01-409 1232 
extrovert perwniaRy / sense. of The Work Shop. 

humour readied. S H l« o ption- VERY EXCLUSIVE £ 7,000 . 

pL P fc w t call 01 935 6460 beauty salon seeks brigm col- 
Nicky /Mark. lege leaver- K m ghfebrtttre- 

OCRMAM SPEAKING IBC/PA bawd, you will enjoy free 
won expert EznAbh snorthand. hairdressing and beauty treai- 
AMe to cope with (ranNaUoM. plus cmllent ton ■ 

Reception of terrtga vtatore dhcounl scheme. General office , 
and tew me MDS Jaguar is 
tola you? Potygipt Ateuty for 

Language Secretariet 247 5342 

MATT Ate. tolemauonai trading 
runu i uTiy seeks seensary to 
hefb wtth ewaoslfm. Able to 
wort uns u pantawL Type-ft tat 
trained. Ha 95. Start C&OOO. 
reviewed alter 3 iWn. Tef; Ol 
. 491 0877 ter further tote. 

PAKTNCJa PA £1 1.000 *. WM 
pufo M sec with 90/50 to 
work ter eenor panner or are 

ftnn- Musi br good organiser , . — . ____ 

wtwemaysadiMn. WUI (ran on BQHTNMIto ACXia Ml ■ 

tartn er Aged 2900. I AUDSD SEC £104300 for property 

tebry CidEOMllMpi ACP I compaav Start now Tel Ol 
Rec CDn> 01-638 8987/0680. j 248 S&66 Cotter Ctrl Emp A®- 

£8.000. Join Bus leading nrm 
of esnnsttton and craternKo 
orgaiuscre and help organise 
regutti* events, sad aw attend, 
•omeumes m rrian 5 weeks 
holiday* and free nxmtarsftto 
of health Bub. 66 wpm typing 
amnty weeded. Piasu wiephows 
Ol a» 3811/5831 (Weal Emd 
oroi 240 366t tarexEitzaneto 
Hunt Recrtotmefit CrasuUnnB. 

■mr Mm me sure at imp m . 
Sports Proreo CO £8.000 Flair 
Recrutmeni 01 938 

wp. Own office. Can oi*57 
5277 Maty Crains Bee Cota. 

■N/D SEC <MN + sub morr. 
StnaB Wl mvesnnent Co neeta 
nextee See with 50/50 to act « 
Person Frida* Loesof vanrty + 
involvement mcmatng admin * 
relief receptio n . Can 01-657 
5277 Mao' Ckav-es tee Cons. 

End. nouis nngiu 
rweporatu/typtst id took aw 
8 young epbtoiRaius. Phone Jo- 
bad on 01-439 1821 
IWUSnspA ro Dir lOQ/SO. 
High admn contatt. Assisi pep. 

KBW i £9.000-1-. CBU NaUh- 
TED Agy 01-736 9857 

Age 2086. Please M Ol- 
1253 The Work Shop. 

norvser career to toe 
Oof» field wtui this exciting 
rompnny. bivohed In an un- 
usuM function, you wm be 
gaining great eype rt ence. Cam- 
purer knowledge and keyboard 
*UU *«»■ Synergy- the nod; 
p^M consul umry. oi 657 

HCALTH CLUB Hedd Office tool- 
ed m Hammersmith needs a 
brigm tysttt io handle tots of 
pdnon duties and aaakrt AdmUv 
istrauon Manaoer. Enceiiep t 
pco m o U mi prapeca. Aged 22+ 

r re. astro wtth review alter 
months. PMse teie pbowe 
I tub Cralttr 01-930 5735 
Ooiacom Staff Agency 

Stockton-on-Tees Borough 
Coandi v Brown 
Before Mr Justice PoppleweU, 
Mr J. P. BeD and Mr W. Sirs 
[Judgment given July 21] 
Section 60(1) of the Employ- 

ment Protection (Consolida- 
tion) Act 1978. which rendered 
dismissal on the ground of 
pregnancy automatically unfair, 
did not apply where an em- 
ployee was made redundant and 
not selected for re-eogpgemem 
because she was pregnant. 

The Employment Appeal Tri- 
bunal allowed an appeal by the 
employers. Stockton-on-Tees 
Borough Council, from a de- 
cision of a Middlesbrough 
industrial tribunal last August 
that the applicant, Ms Maria 
Brown, had been unfairly dis- 

They had appealed on the 
ground, inter alia, that the 
industrial tribunal had erred in 
their interpretation of section 

6< Section 60 provides: 

“(1) An employee shall be 
treaied. . . as unfairiy dismissed 
if the reason or principal reason 
for her dismissal is that she is 

pregnant . . .**. 

Mr J. Scott Wolslenhobne for 
the employers; Mrs Vera Baud 
for foe applicant. 


POPPLEWELL said that selec- 
tion for re-employment was 
according to certain criteria 
which included an applicant’s 
ability to undertake the required 

The applicant was made 
redundant and not re-engaged 
because she would have been 
absent on maternity leave at the 
start of foe contract The indus- 
trial tribunal held that the 




o»to*s« rwwrrJi ptaucriuaia 


nTFrttft TIMES 

It was argued on appeal that i 
the dismissal had nothing to do 
with the applicant's pregnancy. 
She was dismissed on account of 
redundancy. It was only when 
foe q uestion of whether she was 
unfairiy dismissed by reason of 
redundancy that the question of 
pregnancy arose because it was 
the unfair selection for redun- 
dancy which brought foe preg- 
nancy argument into existence. 

The applicant replied that foe 
object of section 60 was to 
ensure that an applicant did not 
lose her job because she was 
pregnant and that if she was 
selected for redundancy because 
she was pregnant she was in the 
same position as if she was 
dismissed because she was preg- 

The appeal tribunal con- 
trasted the reason for dismissal 
in section 59 (dismissal on foe 
ground of redundancy) with 
section 60 (dismissal on foe 
ground of pregnancy) and ob- 
served that if selection for 
redundancy on the ground of 
pregnancy were automatically 
unfair it would be possible for 

section 60 to be so worded. They 
did not -accept the applicant's 
argument that section 60 ap- 

U had been agreed by both 
parties that the question 
whether foe criteria for re- 
employment were fair bad not 
bean dealt with by the industrial 

lf both parties represented by 
experienced counsel consented 
to the appeal tribunal acting as a 
feci-finding body, they would do 

so and consider the fairness of 
the criteria. 

The parties would thereafter 
be barred from taking objection 
to that course on appeal. 

The industrial members took 
foe view that it was in no way 
unfair to require applicants to be 
able io fulfill foe job throughout 
its comparatively short dura- 

The dismissal for redundancy 
was &ir. The appeal would be 

Solicitors: Mr F. F. 
Theobalds, Stockton-on-Tees; 
Brian Thompson &. Partners, 
Newcastle upon Tyne. 


Another field day for 
the frisky Lamb 

By Peter Marsoo 

Allan Lamb’s run-making 
spree in the Britannic Assurance 
county championship gained 
momentum in another big in- 
nings at Colchester on Saturday 
and in foe main it was his SL 
and Robert Bailey's 63, which 
propelled Northamptonshire to- 
wards 302 and a maximum 
bonus in points against Essex. 

David Cape! made 40 and 
most others in a supporting role 
made useful contributions but 
Essex's traditional qualities kept 
them buoyant in foe ebb and 
flow of wickets and runs; and 
here Neil Foster was Essex's 
champion in a sustained thrust 

eariy opportunity to assert -his 
erudition and at foe end of it 
Greenidge, Robin Smith and 
Nicholas had fallen to him as 
Hampshire lost four wickets in 
making 93 from 46 overs. 

Clinton made 1 17, Stewart 78 
and Richards 70 not out in 
Surrey's 427 for nine declared 
from 96.1 overs against Somer- 
set at Taunton and at 1 Nuneaton 
Gloucestershire managed three 
points only as Warwickshire’s 
batsmen capably turned aside 
foe threat of Walsh and Law- 
rence on the way to making 381 
for nine. Moles made an ex- 
cellent impression in scaring a 

in which be accounted for Geoff cenwiy here and Lloyds took 
Cook, Boyd-Moss, Bailey and bve wickets. 

Hamper, four wickets among five -Saturday’s scores 

In accomplishing this feat for Britannic Assurance 
foe tenth time this season Foster c ounty cha mpionship • 
received splendid support from Yorka,lfe f3t far 7 v 

*n alert field and from foe quick, coiSiESTBfc Nonhantpwnsiwe 302 (A 
quick, slow routine ofhis fellow JLane8i. r j Bariev 63; n a Foster 5 for 
bowlers, whose polishing off of 

the remaining batsmen enabled 
Essex to bank four bonus points. 

At Lord's Middlesex stum- 
bled at the start against 
Hampshire’s Marshall and Con- 
nor and only Carr (37) and 
Downton (33) prevented a ruin- 
ous collapse before the innings 
foundered at 1 55. As Hampshire 
made their reply Philippe Ed- 
monds must rave relished foe 

HOV& Kant 1®1 (ACS Ptaotl 4 tor 32). 
Sugg; 169 far 5 (C M wens 82 not out). 
LOWS: MrtSsau 155. HampsWra 93 tor 

NUNEATON: Warwickshire 38l for 9 (A J 
Motes 100); V Gtauttstmhre 
TAUNTON: Surrey 427 tor 9 dec K5 S 
Qifflon 1 17. A J Siawan 7S. C J Rchards 
70 nca outr. Somerset 34 lor 0 
ptCNT BRIDGE: Lancashire 299 tar 4 iG 
D Mandis fOfi. N H Faatjfottier 89 not out 
G Fow ter 57 ): » Nottinghamshire. 
WORCESTER: Lsfcsstsrahire 209 (T J 
Boon 63; P J Newport 5 tor 7ft 
Worcestershire « tor 2. 

i. /• «** 























































































Gross has 
the edge 
over his 

Madrid (Reuter) - Michael 
Gross, the Olympic gold medal 
winner, set a championship 
record as he opened the defence 
of his 200 metres freestyle title 
at the world swimming 
championships here yesterday. 
In doing so he upstaged Mau 
Biondi. the American world 
record holder over 50 and 100 
metres freestyle and Gross’s 
main rivaL 

Biondi demonstrated his 
power when he clocked I min 
49 .22 see to win his his qualify- 
ing race and slice 0-33 of a 
second from the West German’s 
1982 championship record. 

But the 22 year-old Gross won 
the final heat — in which Biondi 

also swam — in 1:48.70, this 

boding well for an attack on the 
world mark of 1:47.44 he set in 
the 1984 Olympic Games. 

On a blazing bot day. Biondi 
was fastest out. passing the 100- 
metre mark in 52.29. nearly a 
second quicker than the West 
German. Bui Gross, stretching 
out in his seemingly effortless 
style, had a clear edge in the 
return 100. 

Gross and Biondi were well 
clear of the rest as Marcel Gery, 
of Czechoslovakia, returned the 
third fastest time, more than a 
second slower than Biondi. 
Adrian Moorhouse. of Britain, 
gained a psychological advan- 
tage over Victor Davis, his 
Canadian arch-rival, breaking 
the championship record with 
the fastest final qualifying time 
in the men’s 100 metres breast- 
stroke heats. ' 

Moorhouse, the Common- 
wealth Games 200 metres cham- 
pion. clocked a European record 
1:02.28 which also beat the 
1:02.75 world championship 
mark set by Steve LundquisL 
the American, in Guayaquil, 
Ecuador, four yean ago. 

Gianni Minervini.of Italy, 
yesterday's third fastest qualifier 
in 1:03.27. was the previous 
European record holder at 
1:02.61. Davis, who beat 
Moorhouse in the Common- 
wealth Games 100 metres, was 
second swiftest in 1:03. 16. 

In the diving pool, Greg 
Louganis. the world and Olym- 
pic double champion made a 
fine start to his defence of the 
men's springboard title. He 
scored two perfect 10s on his 
third dive and compiled an 
aggregate 251.07 points for his 
five morning dives. Tan 
Uangde, of China, was second 
on 237.66. 

Jenna Johnson, of the US, 
topped qualifiers for the 
women's 100 metres freestyle 
final in 55.58. but Kristin Otto, 
of East Germany, was just 0.3 of 
a second back. Otto, world 
champion over 100 metres 
backstroke in 1982, is bidding 
for an unprecedented seven 
world championship medals in 

East Germany, who won 10 of 
the 14 world championship 
titles last time, led the way in the 
two other women's events. 

Kathleen Nord. double Euro- 
pean champion in Sofia last 
year, topped 400 metres individ- 
ual medley qualifiers with a 
time of 4:47.94. But Michelle 
Griglione. of America, was a 
mere 0.02 of a second adrifL 
The East Germans also 
clocked the fastest 4 x 200 
metres freestyle relay time of 
8:08.93. with the Netherlands 
second fastest on 8:13.88. 


Glasgow is 
tuning up 
for Peiper 

By a Correspondent 

The itinerant band of pro- 
fessional racing cyclists will 
roost tonight in Glasgow after 
the fourth event in the Kelloggs 
City Centre Championships. 

Seven days ago, the series 
started in Manchester, and has 
travelled via Dublin and Cbrk 
to Glasgow. The ever-present 
flock of .stallings in George 
Square will be ousted from the 
trees and buildings by the noise 
created by the massed ranks of 
spectators crowded on to the 
pavements at seven o'clock 

Last year, the Falcon Flyer, 
Shane Sutton, was first across 
the line in Glasgow, and went on 
to win the championships. Sut- 
ton, the rough, tough Austra- 
lian. was following the 
precedent set by his fellow 
countrymen, Danny Clark, who 
won in 1984, and Phil Ander- 
son, the 1 983 event winner. 

For the Glasgow event this 
year, the organizers have im- 

E jrted another Australian, Al- 
n Peiper. 

With the addition of “guest 

riders’’ to selected cities, the 
Kelloggs Championship is a race 
within a race. The overall 
winner in London on September 
7 must have contested all seven 
events. In Cork on Friday night, 
the eJTect of this arrangement 
was most evident as the visiting 
firemen, Stephen Roche and 
Sean Kelly, recruited for two 
events in Ireland only, stretched 
the field. Kelly finally won the 
event. Behind them, Joey 
McLoghlin. the winner in Man- 
chester. and his strong ANC- 
HaJ fords team, contained the 
main contenders for the overall 

Phil Bayton, who is affec- 
tionately known as the 
“Staffordshire engine" for his 
driving power al the front of the 
field, slipped the net and 
steamed into third place in 

He rides for Moducel who 
have Mike Doyle in ihe Green 
Jersey as King of the Sprints 
leader. Team member Steve 
Joughin (the pocket rocket) was 
in sparkling form in Cork, and 
the star-spangled jerseys of the 
Condor-Bilion riders were al- 
ways in the action. 


Start-Rite can 
lead Ives to 
double helping 
of winners 

Farewell to a great horseman 

By Mandarin 

That talented jockey Tony 
Ives, who teams up with royal 
trainer Ian Balding at 
Kingsclere next season, has an 
excellent chance of riding a 
double today for his present 
retainer, the Newmarket- 
based Bill O'Gorman. 

Ives, who will always be 
remembered for his wonderful 
association with the prolific 
winning two-year-old 
Provideo, should be on the 
mark at Windsor this after- 
noon with another O’Gorman 
juvenile, Start-Rite, who is 
napped to open his account in 
the six fiuiongs Newholme 

After a quiet introduction 
behind Le Favori at New- 
market Start-Rite displayed 
rapid improvement when foil- 
ing to catch the more experi- 
enced Riot Brigade by a short 
.head in a Yarmouth maiden 
event earlier this month. 

My selection, a well-made 
son of Comedy Star, looks to 
have plenty of scope for 
improvement and can take 
full advantage of the 61b he 
receives today from the Barry 
Hills-trained course and dis- 
tance winner, Centauri 

John Dunlop's candidate. 
King Richard, shaped nicely 
when staying on strongly for 
third place behind Anyow in a 
small field at Brighton and 
commands respect but Start- 
Rite is preferred 

Ambassador, making his 

first racecourse appearance, 
could not match the finishing 
speed of the 33-1 Wragg filly 
Norpelia at Newmarket nine 
davs ago, but this General 
Assembly colt can complete 
the O'Gorman-Ives double at 
Leicester in the Captains EBF 

The Aga Khan repre- 
sentative, Roubayd, scored 
decisively at Bath last month. 
However, the opposition may 
not have amounted to much 
that day and Ambassador, 
receiving 51b, can take his 

Lester Piggott celebrated his 
21st training success with his 
smart two-year-old Deputy 
Governor at Newbury on 
Friday, and another of his 
youngsters, Paleface, can 
carry on the good work by 
landing the Leicester Tigers 
Cup Treble Nursery. 

Last time out, al Redcar, 
Paleface was a warm order to 
land a similar handicap, but 
was run out of it in the closing 
by the Tom Jones- 
trained Khadruf 

The Alec Stewart-trained 
Sender looks on a favourable 
weight for the Leicester Tigers 
Handicap following his credit- 
able second behind Brave And 
Bold at Redcar, while John 
Sutcliffe's River Gambler, 
caught in the last stride by 
Siillou at Lingfield, could be 
the answer to die tricky 
Measham Handicap. 

Today’s course specialists 


TRAINERS: J Htodtey, 9 winners from 23 
runnera. 39.1%: M Stouts. 13 tram 60. 
21.7%. P Wahvyn. 16 from 96. 16.7%. 
JOCKEYS: Pat Eddery. 62 twiners from 
300 rides. 20.7%; G Starkey. 28 from 146, 
162%, W R Smntxan, IS (ram 81. 18.5%. 


TRADERS: M Stoute. 27 winners from 68 
runners. 30.7% J SuteStfe. 7 from 31, 
22.6V p Cole. 16 from 141. 11.3%. 

JOCKEYS: W Carson, 38 winners from 
172 rides. 22.1%. S Cauthen, 27 from 125, 
21.6%; W R SwMium, 21 from 108. 


TRAINERS: L Kennart. 23 winners from 
97 runners, 23.7%; J Jenkins, 26 from 
117. 222%: J Old. 12 from 59. 20.3%. 
JOCKEYS: S Sherwood. 18 winners from 
47 rides. 34.0% H Davies. 27 from 177. 
15 3% S Smsh-Ecdes. 9 from 80, 11 3% 
S Morstaad. 15 from 141, 106%. 

By Michael Seely 

The raring world yesterday 
paid tribute to the memory of 
Captain Ryan Price, that 
flamboyant soldier of fortune 
and natural genres with horses, 
who died in the early hours of 
Saturday morning on his 74th 

Fred Winter, foer times cham- 
pion jockey during his IS years 
with the “wizard of Flndgn" 
said: “He was a man's man. He 
certainly didn’t suffer fools 
gladly. Some people liked him 
and some people hated hint, but 
he didn't give a damn either 

“He was a wonderful man to 
work for, though,” Winter said, 
"We had only two serious rows 
daring our time together. And as 
for his way with horses, be 
thought of them like people and 
had an intuitive understanding 
of their nature. He left them 
alone and studied their whims 
and idiosyncrasies. He excelled 
at finding out their best 

Winter won three Champion 
Hardies for the stable on Clair 
Soleil, Fare Time and 
Eborneezer. But Josh Gifford, 
himself four times National 
Hant champion and now the 
owner of The Downs, Findon, 
Price's former headquarters, 
-was on board "the Captain's" 
four winners of the Schweppes 
Gold Trophy. Rosylfa (twice), Le 
Vermont© is and Hill House. 

Backers of the last two of 
these snccessfiii gambles were 
counting their winnings a long 
way from borne. Le Vermontois, 
despite hardly bothering to lift 
his legs at the last three bardies 
won by six lengths in 1966. Hill 
House, the horse, who was 
afterwards found to have mana- 
factnred his own cortisone, 
romped home by 12 lengths in 
1967 to a rising crescendo of a 
mixture of boos and cheers from 
the Newbury crowd. 

Paul Ke lieway, now a success- 
fill trainer at Newmarket, rode 
What A Myth to victory in the 
1969 Cheltenham Gold Cop for 
Findon. "People used to talk a 
lot of nonsense about him giving 
'them staff to make than go 
faster" be said, “It was utter 
rubbish. He was a wonderful 
feeder and could improve ani- 
mals very quickly. When a hone 
was coming to his peak, you 
could almost see him haring 
grown in his box overnight. 

Kelleway saRh“I was with him 
for over 20 years and he made 
me what I am today. He was a 
wonderful trainer with a lot of 
common sense and that what it’s 

Ryan Price and Fred Winter attending the Newmarket September sales in 1963 

all about. He was a good man to 
work for and you always knew 
where yon were with him." 

Gifford paid this tribote: 
“They don't make characters 
like him any more. And he will 
be sadly missed. He was a good 
friend mid a great governor. His 
bark was so much worse than his 
bite and most people never 
realised it." 

David Coleman, of the BBC 
certainly felt the rough edge of 
Price's toogoe after Winter and 
KOniore had won the Grand 
National In 1962. 

Kllmore's record that season 
prior to Aintree had not exactly 
been distinguished and Coleman 
attempted to grill the trium- 
phant trainer. Fixing his even- 
tually flustered interrogator with 
an indignant and baleful stare, 
“the Captain" uttered the im- 
mortal words. "I trained him for 
the race." 

Before Price turned his atten- 
tions exclusively to the Flat in 

1970. the victories of Persian 
Lancer and Major Rose in the 
Cesarewicfa in 1966 and 1968 
had already illustrated the 
trainer's total mastery of his 

You coaid always tell -a 
FJndon-trained horse instantly 
in the paddock by the bloom on 
its coat and the well-being of 
Ginevra. Bnmi and Giacometti 
were evident before their suc- 
cesses in the Oaks, St Leger and 
Champion Stakes, respectively. 

I only met this remarkable 
individual once socially. It was 
during a long and convival 
evening at Michael Stoute** 
when the wine and port flowed 
freely. The rakish trilby was left 
on a hook in the hall and his 
bald dome gleamed in the 

He was on the top of his form. 
Talking about boises he said, 
“They are net what they were. 
They used to be like wild things. 

climbing up the walls of their 
boxes. The lads used to be 
shaking in the corners, terrified 
of them." 

Bob McCreery, a lifelong 
friend and admirer, ventured his 
opinion that the reason for this 
over-exuberance might have 
been too much food and lack of 
sufficient exercise. 

“Staff and nonsense," roared 
the Ca plain across the polished 
table. “They were like tigers. 
They had fire in their bellies in 
those days." 

Come to think of it, what more 

fitting epitaph could there be for 
the piratical and kindly Ryan 
Price than his own colounu! and 
dramatic words about his 
lavonrite creature, the thorough- 
bred racehorse, coming as they 
did from a man, who understood 
them so welL 

Obituary page 12 

Polonia is 
pick of 
Irish team 
at York 

From oar Irish Raring 

Jim Bolger. the only Info 
trainer who has so for saddled* 
Flat race winner is England 
during the current season, pm- 
vidcs the Irish banker at York 
this week, having elected to semi 
Polonia over for the Lowther 

This will be Pcrionia's secoiffi 
start in England and sbc.ran wrij 
below her best when out of the 
Fust four behind Cutting Blade 
in the Coventry Stakes ai Royal 

Bade in Ireland, she was as 
easv winner at The Conagb 66 
Derby day and then ran prob. 
ably her best race so for to be 
third, a short head and a length; 
behind those two smart English 
fillies Minstrefla and Forest 
Flower in the Heinz “57" Phqe$ 
nix Stakes. 

Bolger also runs Park Express 
in the Yorkshire Oaks, but d 
better cach-way prospect here 
could be the Irish Oaks runner* 
up Fleur Royale, who has beej 
very lightly raced. Thq 
pick, though, of the David 
O'Brien runners should btf 
Sheikh Mohammed's AuthaaL 
whose objective is the Great 
Vohigcur Stakes. 

Al The Curtagh on Saturday. 
David O'Brien introduced an 
attractive two-year-old colt 
Stately Don in the Dunmurry 
maiden. Starting favourite at 
even money be strolled home 
2V: lenghs ahead of Find the 

Pat Eddery rode three more 
winners on Saturday, two of 
them on Ihrec-year-old colts 
Fleet Commander and Wise 
Counsellor trained at Ballydoyte 
by Vincent O’Brien. 

This was Wise Counsellor's 
first outing since filling the role 
of whipper-in in the Derby at 

Eddery pushed him into tho 
lead one and a half furlongs our 
and he soon had the opposition 
in the group three Desmond 
stakes al full stretch. Mr John, 
tieing up the form nicely, fits 
ished a two length runner-up, 
trying to give 51b to the winner. 

Vincent O’Brien is by no 
means sure that Wise Coun- 
sellor will race again this year, it 
being the intention to keep him 
on in training as a four-year-old. 


FORM: BOLD OARCONB-t) 4lh baatan 5%l to Contauri (8-1 1) 19 raa Windsor 61 arks 

I STAR 0-8) 3rd beaten 1 ftl to Crofters Ore (8-5) 13 ran. New- 

Gomg: good to firm 
Draw: high nunbers best 

good Aug 2. SAXON 

marital sfh'cap 

sor 61 h'cap good 

Ungfieid Sf tfcap 

(B-8) 3rd beaten 1 Ml to Crofters C*m (8-5) 

2. DERRMG DEE (S9) won hd tram BtoHa I74l 1 3 ran. Wind- 
3rd beaten 41 to Muknabbr (7^-7) 9 ran. 

£30 NEWHOLME STAKES (2-Y-O: C & G: £1,020: 61) (13 runners) 

1 0021 HANSEATIC (D) (J Carrington) P Makte 9-6 T Quinn 4 

1 CENTAURI (USAMC-D) (Sneftn Moftanvned) B Hffis 9-3 BTtaunonS 

0 BRCHGROVE CENTRAL M Burridgo) B Palng 8-11 JWBtansB 

BORN A STAR (J Kentyd LewolMI PWaUmS 

0 DYNAMIC STAR (CCvzsriM Usher 8-11 M Wuhan 11 

KARABAT (P Goularwts) 0 Latea 8*11 - DGfcaanlO 

3 KING RKHARDfp Humsett) J Dunlop 8-11 W Cason 9 

0 MARQUEE CAFE (W Gaff) D Lara 8-11 SWteworttitt 

0 WLLPOW BOY (A N o w co m bc l FT Hodges 8-11 J Raid 2 

02 START-RITE (A FoustoM W OTSommVIl Ttas5 

0 UNBORIKTY (Mr* I PT wbs) M S toute 8-11 WR Stature 1 

WONDERFUL WlUJAMfBSttrieOodge l D Lang 8-1 1 RCocteaw7 

ZEN WEST THREE (Btaswood Ltd Zan) R Armstrong 8-11 W Carson 13 

Aid And 

Selection: SAXON STAR 


Aug 8. THAT CERTAIN SMLE 0-11) 3 

51 slks good Jfor 28. NEW atBOCO 

Shore (9-0) ID ran.' 

d Abel (8-11) 9 ran. Pontefract 5f stks'good to firm Aug 7. 

3rd beaten '51 to Baltic 
(9-0) 2nd beaten II to 

13a Certain. 3-1 King Rateard. 4-1 Stert-Rta. 94 UnHormta. 8-1 Hanseatic, 16-1 
Bom A Star. 20-1 otfiere. 

4-0 BIN FIELD HANDICAP (£1,959: 1m 3f 150yd) (10) 

6 038204) GEM MART 

7 001001 STlLLOUMfcL 

8 3-04832 TEMPEST TOSSi 

9 004)000 FORMS) ABLE 

11 048300 FORGIVING (SPS 

12 0004)41 CURIGA (Lord H c 



21 0002-00 LADY FREPCMER (R Ni 


11-4 Dominion Princess. 3-1 Curfga. 4-1 Tempato Tossed. 5-1 StffcHi. 8-1 

IQmngton Casta. 8-1 Formdabla Dancer. 12-1 others. 

, 1 394)( 

• P Rohan) P Rohan i . 

|J Jenkins 4-8-10- 

htmgtfo) R Hotter 4-8-6. 

Morris) P Fatten 6-8-5 . 

Pta Eddery 3 

Pat Eddery 4 
-J Warns 2 

FORM: HANSEATIC M) iron 2HI Irem Bteze Of Gold (8-11) 12 ran. Kaydock 61 stks 
good Aug 8. CENTAURI (31 1) won 41 (rom JuvenfledBlinqent (8-13) 19 ran. Windsor 61 
stks good Aug 2. KING RICHARD (94n3rd beaten 21 to Anyhow (9-0) 5 ran. Brighton 6f 
stks good to firm Aug 6. soft July 12- START-RITE (9-0) 2nd beaten 25H to RtotBrigade 
(9-0)o ran. Yarmouth 6f good to firm Aug 7. 

Selection: cafTAUft) 

_ . _ - -,15ran. 

2nd beaten il from 

won hd from 

Windsor selections 

By Mandarin 

2.30 START-RITE (nap). 3.0 Survival KiL 330 New Mexico. 4.0 
Tempest Tossed. 4.30 Shibil. 5.0 Flying Biddy. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.30 Star-Rite. 3.0 Pimm's Party. 3.30 Saxon Star. 4.0 Tempest 
Tossed. 4.30 Shibil. 5.0 Flying Biddy. 

By Michael Sedy 
2.30 Start-Rite. 3.0 Flag Bearer. 

FORM STBJjOU( 8-1 2) iwon sh hd from Rtear Gamblar 
good Ji4y 26. TEMPEST TOSSS) 

Tran* l m4J h'cap good to firm Aug 

Brtehwn 1m 41 heap good to firm AugS LADY HREFOWER 17-11) 9th beaten ow 111 
toBatg pwmie(7 j)19Tan. Lacnster Im2f h'cap soft Mar 2S. DOMINION PRINCESS (8- 

^ 10 raiL n * fcar 1m a appce 9°°d *ug a. 

430 RAYS STAKES (£959: 1m 2f 22yd) (8) 

2 00 WNGSBOCKpl HarriaH WCharlM 4-ftg - 

4 330-010 EXCUgnfEI ttRra (USA) (Ik C^R Armstrong 394) 

runn: EM.UM Vfc NORTH p-U) ! 
good to firm Aug 12. ENStGti 
Goodwood 1m 2f sties good to ten 
Kathy W (8-11) 16 ran. uaoBster i 


3 0000 FLAG BEARER (boaraafQ M McCaurt 8-11 R WemtamS 

4 022 HEDERA HELIX [Mrs B Dotan) M PBe 8-1 1 B Tlwrason 5 

LUCKY STARCH (C Oarta) G Lams 8-1 1 PWMdran2 

0000 AVBMORE STAR (G May) E Wheeler 8-8 WNewmS 

0 BY THE G LEN f A Newcoffita) R Hodges 8-8 N Adams 14 

00000 H-API«faHLmiARrtiaitlKinA.'£m1La 

00 RAPPS? GtRLffl) (A Retards) C Austin f 
0 QUITS COMET [Lwd CamcfcJ P Qjnde* ( 

004003 GLORY GOLD (M Bnttam) M Britain 8-8 

0 IIS BEBt RUMOURED ft Ramsder) R Stnpeon 8-8- 

00040 MUSIC DELIGHT (BI(BF){M Howard) K Mory M 

PIMM’S PARTY [W Uusson) W Musson 88- 

000440 SAM'S REFRAIN (C “ 

03 SURVIVAL MT(BF)(EFeny)C James 8-8. 


K Darter 1 

More sport 
on page 25 






3-1 Hedera Hefa. *-1 Glory Gala 5-1 Music DrtgW. 8-1 tea Been Rumoured, 
Sam's Retrain, 10-1 Survival Kit, 12-1 Lucky Starchy. Pimm's Party. 14-1 others. 

10VM to Vevda 
5*1 beaten 11 Ml 

Goodwood 5fselatks good to RrmJime 


. Pat Eddery 13 
- MVHgtaalO 
D Wgama (7) 6 
8 Rouse 4 

_j means ii 

* good u , 

C«-1 1)7 ran. BrWiton 61 stiu good to firni Aug 5. M&SlC DELIGHT IW) S 
^ ^ (8-1 1) 17 ran. Ripon 61 seU stks good to firm Aug 4. 

(W) 3rd beaten 121 to Viva Ronda (84) 6 ran. Goodwood 5f sol stks go 

S election: MUSIC DEUGHT 

3-30 LOUDWATER NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £2,721: 61) (8) 

D m®« 


1M SWmL 15-8 ExetesteB North. M Aticraflie. 7-1 Enslgne. 12-1 Nohotiriro. 

FCNIM: EXCLUSIVE NORTH (94Q 9h beaten 41 to COdloes(94>) 7 ran. FdfcBStons 7f stks 

— . , - . c to On Tenterhooks (94)) 19 ran. 

I to fim June 10. garter ENSKNC (9-0> 2nd beaten 1 Jil from 

- 1 m 2t stks good May 26. St&IL (10-4) fin 3rd 

aid beaten hd to Vagador (10-3) 15 ran. Newmarket 1«n 4f amat stks good 
ASICRAFTO <8-1 1) 3rd beatBfl 4HI to King Jack (9-0| 6 ran. Ednburah ImOaks 
Jw»®.N0H0UrtU(8«)e«h boater 12SltoPsy»a ( 8^21 ran-WoSerhamptonlmlf 
good Aug 4. 

Selection: ENSIGNE 

5J1 MANF0N HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £1,941: 1m 70yd) (21) 

| OM001 FLYING BODY (USA) Cutting Stud) J I 

3 010-000 SYNTHETIC (B) (C iKnotsonf D Ai&u* 

4 40-200 SAALSfSStai * 

6 431-304 CAFE NOR (D . 

7 000-000 MR SAVVAS (Z I 

8 04)0830 ON TO GLORY | 

12 0-03324 SPECIAL DUES 
14 00004)3 COME TO THE 1 
16 0-00000 OUT OF HARMONY | 

18 00000 BESOBOUL 

20 0^4004 BAgHng ^a kaniJTo 

000004 DELTA ROSE ra) (Mrs F Harris) C Bensttad 8-10_ 

MWI ROtDESctSLlWKetrtMBBirahBraM. 

0000 IIQUAMJH ALMaMoun) C Benstead 84. 

ILORY (J Barber) J Dunlop 9-4 __ 
. GIEST (C Mamerf D htorley 94) 
D THEBALL (B^ (J Horgani R He 

Hannon &4)- 

I E BkSn 8-10 . 


. P Robinson 8 
. A MackayG 

DM004 ALL A DREAM (JDavklson)W Musson 86. 

000041 SCA SUE (WRuSSeBP Rohan 8-1 


323 THAT CERTAIN SMILE (J Crisp) R J WMams 8-6 . 

nJSS D Mort 7 M - 

^ Grewl Pa«i«8S) G aum M — M LTbonu 8 
01030 SETTEB COUNTRY (A Newctxiae) R Hodges 7-8 N Adams 1 

J Reid 7 

- W Canon 4 
Pet Eddwy 2 
. B Rouse 6 

00000- GOLDS! 

000103 GRANDANGUS (B) (K 
9-2 Cate Now, 5-1 1 
To Glory, 10-1 SJca 


J BriOger 7-13. 
K ivory 7-13. 

Sf 1 ,! 

W Woods 0)16 

Udy. 6-1 Speoal Guest 7-1 Come To The BeH. 8-1 On 
12-1 Grandangus, A8 A Dream, Roi De SuW. 

b 2 D ®2? ^ 5-t That Carta ki Smile. 6-1 Santaon. 

10-1 Saxon Star. Bold Garcon, 12-1 Green's GaHery. 14-1 Setter Cowitry. 

!'oipfim^?l7.^^T^« BALL (B^rtb«S?3/ toMraSrSaind 
Newmarkei 1 m sal h cap good to firm Aug 9. 

Selection: CAFE NOIR 



Draw: 5f-6f low numbers best 

5.45 MEASHAM HANDICAP (£2,396: 1m 20 

3 0113 MISTER PODtT (DI C Tinkler *6-1(L W Goodwin (7)18 
5 0400 EVROSJD) John fitzGeraM 4^6 J Brown (7) 7 

13 0403 WESTRAY (USA) RHcAohead 4-8-13 __ S Perks 12 

15 1000 ICEN J Parkas 8-8-11 


21 0004 GOD’S HOPE RAkahuret 4-8-6. 

22 0M GIOVANNI SMaOur 4-8-6. 


24 0001 DICK KNffiHT rami Khmryi 

26 400 BATON MATCH MChaimOT 

27 0400 STANDaNMOJLJ WUon 3-7-10- 

. TWttaHsO 
. JMnl 

28 0030 TURMA (TTY) Elnctea 3-743 
OPPBITra 3-7-7. 

8 0200 BWANA KAU M Tompkais 4^2- 

9 BOO CtGAR G Wragg 3-9- f 

ST Wham 

12 4030 STARMASTt 


R Cochrane 2 
Pat Eddery 9 
W Carson 11 
■G Outfield 3 

29 000- SKINNY 

Match. 1M. 

14 0000 BAR»(D}TFakhUBt 7-8-13 

20 -000 4IVELSH PAGEANTRY M A Jante 3-8-9 T Lucas 12 

22 MOD COMMON FARM MBtttanW — , KDartay4 

25 3012 EXPLETIVE raMEcUay 688 : JR«d8 

27 0010 KAVAKAHWhtivg 4-8-6 LWl(7)1l 

31 4030 SOCKS UP{D) R JohnscnHooQhton 9-8-4 SQubei 16 

35 4)02 RIVER GAABLB1 (B) J Suttfltfe 38-3 Thres14 

39 0000 GOOLOROraT Tavtor 688. APraodlO 

42 008 IW EXCEPTIONAL (USA) R HoBnatasd 4-7-13 


45 0000 DEERFEU) BEACH (C4» MTS BWaiteg 4-7-10 . 


46 0004 TREYARNON (USA) S Norton 4-7-10 JLmral 

47 tan BUNDLING BED R WOodhouSS 4-7-10 — 6‘ 

250 8048 TOWER FAKEBdln 3-7-9 M L Thomas 5 

51 3022 QUALiTURESS(B)K Stone 4-7-8 LCbamocfclS 

5-2 Cigar, 9-2 Bwana Kafi. 5-1 Evros. 11-2 SttoimsL 
13-2 Kavaka, 8-1 Expletive. 10-1 Mster Point 12-1 othara. 

Leicester selections 

By Mandarin 

5.45 River Gambler. 6.10 Straight Bat. 6.35 
Sender. 7 j Ambassador. 7.35 Trynova. 8.5 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent . 

5.45 Bwana Kali. 6.10 Straight Bat. 6.35 Sender. 
7.5 Ambassador. 7.35 Alhayau'8.5 Paleface. 
Michael Seely’s selection: 5.45 CIGAR (nap) 

6.10 REARSBY SELLING STAKES (3-Y-O: £1,054: 

1 0002 AMPLIFY M Britain 8-11 KDatay8 

2 -000 CAPISTRANO CUKAXJ Wilson 8-11 JtfaBoteterm 6 

3 04)0 CLASS HOPPER WBMy 8-11 Jlmll 

4 0002 DBVTYTMJBattatS-11 SCauttanlO 

7 -000 MANWTHE MOON (BJPFaMan 8-11 _ GOuNald 20 

8 0000 POKERE6 R techoOs 8-11 H Howe 4 

J Lota 2 
N Cartels 15 

Proapact <4-1 Titona, Sander. 6-1 Baton 
I, B-1 Murtax. Dick Khigm. 10-1 others. . > 

1m 41} (4) 

- ■ -4 ‘1 ROUBAYD R Johnson Houghton 8-12 j Reid 3 

7 2 AMBASSADOR W OGorman 8-7 Thus*. 

12 H E R SE YSPEED J Parioa 8-4 S Webster 2 

13 00 NAUnCASMeBorB-4 MWighmil- 

11-10 Ambassador. 11-8 Roubayd, 8-1 Nauticte' 

a-i Meraeyspeed. 

£3.078: 71) (20) 

- 2 00 DANSE ARABE A ^teriis 93— 

4 00 GLORIOUS DAN RAkehurst M. 


D Metals 6 

S Whitworth 11' 

6 032F MORfUNG FlOWBt(BF)RJ VWfemsM 

R Cochrane IB 

8 RUNfONG MOIEY J Wteon 63 i — T' 

10 D JOYFUL MISTRESS P Cote 94) 7 Oaten 2- 

11 03 JUSTONTNEGHUffirS4) G Carter (3) 15 L 

14 3010 UGHTNBIQ LASER (DIP Kaleway 94) 

„ „ Gay KeOetay (3)14-, 

IB 0004 CASTLE CORNET R Hannon 8-12 W Carson 4 

18 MYTYME M Tomgions 8-12 Mffiosner13. 

20 000 PEARUDCMTompknsB-lO TbesS 

21 0M0 YOUNG CENTURION (IS M Usher 8-10 D McKay 18 - 

23 0202 TRYNOVA (BF) G Pritchard-Gordon 89 .. GDufSekMB. 

20 - 




1 8-8 



25 00 MUUBLASSl 

28 0000 PENNY LOVER 1 

27 000 STAR PLAY K Stone COwjwl 

28 000 FRIVOLOUS FANCY MBkMhard 8^7 G Baxter 

29 04 MOUNT VENUS GBaUteg 8-7 R Weaver 9 > 

32 rVEMOmEAPVteatan&S TWfflwjljr 

7-2 Mount Venus, 4-1 Lghttina Laser, 9-2 Morning Rowerc-, 
AibayaL 5-1 Trynova, 8-1 Casta Comet 10-1 Just On Time. 
18-1 others. . 

HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £1^40: 71) (17) 

3 4042 LORD COUJNSU Stoute 9-7. WRSwtebuii tt! 

4 3322 PALEFACEfflRL Pngott 9-7 Ttvral, 

6 01 WBOOFPeMZJWWensM SCsu8mb8 : 

9 3030 SANDRONB Stems 8-11 PKEddvyU 

10 2 STRAIGHT BAT PHastam 8-H TWaunlS 

11 0«n THE STAMP DEALBI (BR BHuNer 8-11. GStodta 16 

12 -n TMSOLO J Mdha* 8-11 — 17 

13 ABSCIUA M HmchMta 8-8 R Lines [3)1 

14 0000 ALEXANJO A Jarvis 8-8 : DMctata7 

19 0-00 CLAP YOUR HANDS (BIFYadteyBG I Johnson 8 

20 000 EASTBIN LASS J Sratai 8-8 —18 

21 4XM LAST JEWEL C Spams 6-8 N Day 15 

22 000 LEATHER'S PEARL JOB 88 Mfty2 

23 0000 LONE GALAXE (USAjra R Stitobs 8-8 — 12 

24 0030 MOLL Y PARTR IDGE H WtwJHxae 8-8 A Bond 14 

26 0030 SAUGHTREES P Wtowyn 8-6— N HoweS 

27 0004 SUMC ISLAND J BtarstaRl 8-fl N Adana 9 

11-4 Oeputy Thn. 100-30 Saughtraee. 4-1 Sbwtfn Bat 

7-1 Pokaree. 8-1 Capistrano camsx, 9-1 Lone QMatee. 10-1 
Sandron. 12-1 other s . 


3 0000 ST ANDARD BREAKFAST (D) B HBs 4B-7 R«s4 

5 3001 UMGSTOP (D) P Mafcn 4-9^ (Sax) Pat Eddery 14 

6 1404 MURFAXfD)JGtorar3-94 ; —11 

<8 3<0 STORMY PROSPECT (B)MA Jarvis 3-9-0— T Lucaa 5 
9 1202 SENDS (USAXD) A Stewart 3-84) RCKtariStS 

12 0040 LE HOUUN K Braseey 3-8-13 S WWmrii 17 

7 0142 EL BE DOULEYOU (EK N Cefiaghan 9-3 . Pat Eddery 4 n 

8 010 SPOTT ER (PI w Hem 92 WCanonS? 

9 0434 CABUNEIrEra A Badey 6-13 P BtoanteaU IfirJ 

" 400 MCCALLWiMMaki 8-10., 


11 .040 BAOOGUO 

13 3020 FALDWYN 

14 2348 AVMASESHClHder 86_ 
15-4423 ROUMEU John FitzGerald L 
IE 0040 SAY YOU WILL P Makin 84. 

. . K Parley 3, 
_ NCarfitie7 . 



19 0100 JOS1E SMITH R Haider S-2. A Proud IT 

20 1100 KNOCKSHARRY R Hoflhsbead 82 PM(7)12. 

22 2000 MEATH PRINCESS OSS Norton 84) J Lata IS . 

23 4404 HONEY PLUM M Usher 7-13 TVWBana 111. 

24 0031 SWALLOW BAY D Haydn Jones 7-13 (7ex) 



5-2 Lord Conns. 3-1 B Be Duubtoyou. 5-1 Caerlnette. 
6-1 Spotter. 152 PBfetace. 7-1 FaJdwyn. 8-1 RoumeU 10-1 

Blinkered first time 

WINDSOR: 3.0 Rapper GkL 3J0 Derrtog Dee. 4.30 Shten. 5.00 

Prospect 735 Young Centurion. Miami Lass. 85 Meate 

Results from Saturday’s meetings 



1 J0 1. Pasticcio (14-1); 2. Eastern House 
(13-21; 3. Andtea no-IT 4. Bnavraaoi (14- 
1). Fanqr Pan 11-2 lav. 16 ran. NR: 
Preoas. Mete). Vaigllan. 

(6-1)1 2. Hauwmal (85-40 
Type (B-1). 11 ran. NR: 

24)1. H Cute i. 
lav); 3. Tender . „ 

Shlrlstar Taxsaver. 

2-301. Baklnraff (6-4 fav): 2, Slrk {100- 
301: 3. 1 Want To Be (1 1-1). 6 ran. 

3JJ 1. Abuzz (1 1-2); 2. Rmency FBe (5-1); 
3. Chasirto Moonbeams m-4 lav), Bran. 
NR: Shailuya. 

330 1 . New Attitude (1 2-1); 2, Zaaoom (9- 
4 fav); 3. Bengal fire (7-1). 27 ran. 

■ DorraWtar (25-1): 1 Perfect Timing 
(9-3): 3. Deputy Head (25-1). Laurta 
Lomam 4-1 tav. i4 ran. Nft Bridge Street 

5J0 1, Lingering (6-5 favk 2, Bois Oe 
Bouflognefl3-2); 3, Blezmg High (12-1), 13 

&D 1. Late Prepess (7-1): 2. Roof Ghost 
(66 ray); 3, .The Chippenham Man (5-1). 3 
ran, Nft Mbs Mariposa. 

6J0 1. Horteston LafeeJ3-1); 2. Orange 
Hill (9-4 fav); 3, Marten (7-2). 10 ran. 

7.0 1. Ryfls (7-4 tavk 2. Aitoh -N- Bee (5- 
(13-2). 10 ran. NR; Le 

IL 3. Saronkaa 

7 J0 1. Imperial Palace (4-1 

Topeka Express (9-2t 3. Native I 
1 rt-favl 14 ran. NR: Tam Ran. 

84M. Edntog (9-2); 2. interna Marla (7-2 
fav); 3, Domino Rosa (11-2). 10 ran. 


2J0 1. Honest ToD (5-1); 2. Halo Hatch (6- 
wi^^-i), Sand-DoflarM 


2.15 1. Dbcaver Goto (7-1); 2. One's 
Waffle 410-1); 3. Hatoon 
Venture To Reform 6-4 fav. 

( 11 - 2 ) 

(5-1): 3. Hugo Z 

Hideaway 30 fav, NR: Miss Drummond. 
340 1 . Cattartnas WOO (100-30): 2, POdra 
PIO (7-2); 3. Sew High (11-a, Prince Sky 
1 1-4 fav. NR: Ho MiOwih. Retae Toro. 
4.10 1. Dark Stone (8-it 2, Cocked Hat 
Supreme fS-IT- 3. Sarat (9-4 fav). 17 ran, 
4 j40 i. Shear Royalty (5-2 tevk 2. 
Noraaoia (100-30): 3. Blaze Of C 
30). 9 ran. NR: Liseta, 

5.10 1. Spring FflgM (11-4 fav); 2, 
Brecktand Udy (100-30):3. Primrow Way 
(12-1). 12 ran. NR: Btua Belli Star. 

Lingfield Park 

SJ55 1. Sweet Domain (4-1); 2. Absence Of 
Mate* (9-3: 3, Ena* Pat (18-1). ftjttery 
10-11 fav. 8 ran. 

&20 1. Come And Chase Me (4-1 1 2. 
Mandub (4-1); 2. Copper Red (5-2 jt-fav). 
5-2 |t-fav. eran. 


3-15 1, Tarqo go n's Best (11-8 favr z 
Tharelaos (9-2): 3. Baluchi (7-1). 8 ran. 
345 1 . Bunraanodi House (5-4 fevt 2, Lor 

4.151 . Lucky Ctartte(5-2 tav): 2, Rovtgo 

Goto (ion: (1 1-2); 2. Easy Kin (3-1). 9 ran. 

*^ 1 -W-»«£l<fi-«T a vfc2.LeSoir(4-1):3. 
LitOe Ro»e (20-1). 7 ran. 

Market Rasen 

2A5 1. Video (5-1): 2. Warm Air | 
1(2-1). W 

Hunt's Katie (&1| LWhat A Lteel 7 

Note [5-4 fav); 2. JuttOvm 
a (5^1). 9 ran. 

Ud(ii-ik3.laCa2Bdora| . 

7.15 i. Pactotas (2-1 lev); 2. Trapeze 
Artist (5-Tfc 3, Chucklestone (10WO). 9 

7.45 1, Fusfter (10-1); 2. Verdant Boy (4- 
IT 3. Brazza nka (11-2). Mr Jay-Zee 100- 
30 faw. Bran. 

8.15 i. Mukhabbr (8-15 fav); Z Touch N 
Gentle (9-4), 3. Keen Edge (&-1J- 4 ran. 

ran. NR: Empire Sands. 

3.15 1. RSn Melody (5-1); 2. Sweet 
Snugfit (7-1): 3. Black Diamond (3-1). 
Black Bank 6-4 fav. 13 ran. NR: Galaxy 

XCSI.Traget Men (10-11 lav* 2. Meterak 
(14-1); 3. Master Tercel (3-1). 6 ran. 

4.15 1. Prince Bitobty iSO-n Z GUmirn 

K 3. Gone Yftlft Tta Vet (100-30)! 

1 Nephew 6-4 tav. 12 ran. 

4^61. La who (, r 
2):3. Bteck River 
tav. 18 ran 
5.15 1. Tumble Jta (52). 2. Tin weldar 
(1«-1): 3. Hardy Ranch <9-4 lav). 
1 9-4 fav. S ran 

1 (5-a 2. Fortune Findte- (B- 
w (9-1). Senor Ramos 2-1 

German doable Leger prospect 

Lining and Acatenango made it 
an afternoon to re m e m ber for 
the Cologne trainer Heinz 
Jentzsch by winning group one 
races at Deauville and Gelsen- 
kirchen yesterday. 

Lining, enterprisingly ridden 
by Steve Cauthen, made all the 
running to land the Prix du 
Haras de Fresnay-Ie-Buffard 
Jacques le Marois from the last- 
finishing Regal State with John 
Dunlop^ Efuio (Willie Carson), 

Pal Eddery, riding Arokar, 

BakharofT. third in both the 
French and Irish Derby, upheld 
the classic form when justifying 

6-4 favouritism in the Walinac 
International Geoffrey Fr eer 
Stakes at Newbury on Saturday. 

The Khaled Abdulla coll, 
trained by Guy Harwood and 
ridden by Willie Carson, be- 
cause stable jockey G re Wile 
Starkey coaid not make the 
weight, shook ofTSirk inside the 
final furlong to win by a length. 

The winner received a 6-1 St 

earned a four-day suspension Leger quote from William Hill, 
towards, commencing and Harwood said: “The idea 

from the stewards, commencing 
on August 26, for causing inter- 
ference to Elle Seule. 

Carson later took second 
place to Darara in the Prix de 
Psyche on the Dick Hem 
trained Cocotle. 

Leaders on Flat 


G Harwood 
J Dunlop 

M H Easterby 
B Hitts 
M Stoute 
i Balding 


U M te tarti 

76 49 23 - 0 
64 38 20 
55 42 41 
48 34 33 
39 27 40 
39 48 44 
39 51 33 
38 30 35 

12 -104.72 
5 -83.44 
2 -3890 







19 M M oa 

133 86 61 
106 95 72 
81 70 76 
64 54 50 
66 69 46 
54 36 28 
52 41 42 

Pat Eddery 
S Cauthen 
W Carson 
R Cochrane 
WRSMnbum 50 57 52 









was to find out whether he got 
today's trip and we'll plan from 

Raymond cleared 

Top English jockey Bruce 
Raymond has been allowed to 
leave Hong Kong for the first 
time in six months after being 
cleared in a long-running probe 
into race fixing. The indepen- 
dent commission against 
corruption has given Raymond 
back his passport and financial 
papers and on Saturday he flew 
to Singapore for a short holiday 
with his wife. Gillian. 

In July the Royal Hong Kong 
Jockey Club banned the English 
trainer Derek Kent for three 
years following the corruption 
investigation. The ban means 
that Kent cannot set foot on a 
racecourse or have anything to 
do with horse racing anywhere 
until I9S9. 


Going: form 

£626: 2m) (9 runners) 

JOO.Y PRINCE H Manners 10-7 . 

0 SIS’ ON H Dale UHL 

(£2,050: 3m) (10) O 

2 IPS- LEODEGRANCE (USAXQ L G Kanmnd 10-11-10 _~ ri 


3 IP-3 HLLETTS FARM (Q T A Forsw 13-11-7 HDavtaq.- 

i RHYTHM (C-O) Eflri Jones 10-10-12 








ANGEL DHUMIER A P hghwn 10-2 

1 AUNTETTY (B) J Francome 102 h 
BAO J CcMrovelO-2 1 


M ■min i j Mft* 10-2 




9^1 Aunt EOy. 3-1 Whisporwl Chant 9-2 Bao, 6-1 Ruparts 
Daughter. B-1 Angel Drummer, 10-1 Step On, 14-1 others. 



4 300 COTTAGE I 

5 00-2 MAJOR TOM (D)WG 


8 39-2 

9 F22- 

10 00D- GAIN THE DMTm RE Blakanay 9-100 


H PP-P SAB (B) N B Thomson 1 2-10-0 O Morris 

MAJOR TQM (D) WG WfeMnon 9-10-7- M Ntelagton + 

KARS(C-QJ A CM 10-10-G- CUmtanfl) * 

AFRICAN STAR (OVBF) R G Fhtet 8-10-T i frtat/ 

SAMMY LUX K W DwW 8-100 RStaaga > 

12 4M 

I R D Townsond 6-106 Mr OTmvnaMd(7) 

Worcester selections .. 

■ By Mandarin 

Drummer. 2.45 fCarnBtak. 3.15 Water 
irl. 3.45 Major Tom. 4.15 Celtic Story. - 

4.45 Timlyn. 

CHASE (£1,253: 2mK8) 

1 4-11 KAfWATAK (DO) J L Sputag Mi-7 — SMonhaad 

2 00-F BOARDSMANS SUPffieO 0 R Tudw 7-11-0 

R Sparta (7) 

21-2 BUTLERS PET TBHAtt 7-11-0 PRfctetate 

U-00 COUNTRY SPARK P A Prttttart 8-11-fl DCtaa 

2-1 FStettt Farm, 5-2 Motor Tom. 7-2 African fear.- 
7-1 Lettiegnnoa. 10-1 Sanmy.Lux. 14-1 Kars, 20-1 others. 

41) (9) 

3 12-2 CELTIC STORY (CO) JRJerMnc 6-11-0 

SSrth Eeetes ■" 

5 444- tOOr STICK GBBaMng 10-10-11 — MrS VU—Pl 

6 1P£ JJARANZ3 (a J CateBJfl %10-9 JSUteta, • 

7 Nf TGalby liojD) s MeBor 11-10-5 GCtariroJeoM 

8 100- HOPE MJ^lhMnSOOver 8-10-4 C. 

9 11-1 DANCE THE &UES (B) (CO) J WetaV 6-104 , 


8 . 


120- WCHGOWER W G Wobman 9-J 1J3_ — MHuitagton 
fiJAt Braote " “ 

. n-o_ 


14 -4UF REHAMfil GOB. JGafaton 5-166 — 

54 Kirmtek. 11-4 Butare Pet 4-1 Yengtea 


11CF44J KAY HARKEHkta M Ttamaafl-10-tU— Rl 

n-10^) GOtatek.. 

14 03Pf CHESTNUT PRMCEP A Pramard 11-1041 — DCMea-- 

. 4 DantaH* Blues, 11^ CeMe Story 4-I TftBtoy tea? j 

M Ctatw Roc, io-i Foot sack. 14-1 o«a«.- ‘ n 

4^5 CHANSON NOVICE HURDLE (£685: 2m 40 

7-1 hwhgower. 10-1 Crisp And Keen, 12-1 ethers. 


1 20-1 TMLYN 

2 000- ASTON 




HANDICAP HURDLE (£1 ,312: 2m) (6) 

1 100 MORE HOPBPUymCC THaHta 6-11-10— MBoaAy 

4 01-2 GOLD HUHTB1 (D) R J Hodws 6-10-9 Wkvtei 

7 312- WATER EATON GAL mUCPW 6-106 JLnrer 

11 334 SPARKLER SUPEmfB) PA Pritchard 9-1&OCWarna 

12 P^O THERAPEUTIC (USA) 0 R Tudw 6-104 R! 

17 0041 JUST SPUD J P4 

3 Ota BEMYWWGSJRJrti^sill-e— JUSSSr' 

4 F4F BEN’S WAY K S BriQqwaur M1-0 WWorihtag m;i 

OANCErtWThomsw. 5-1 1-0 — □ 

* to- MOBILE D L WAama 9-11-4 — •* 

9 208- NEEDWOOOLEAD0IJM8radtoy5-l1-D.»- OOwle*' 

0 QUICK FENCER J Wqbtxr S-1 1-P 

M « COBST ON SPRINGS 0 R Tucker 44MUa. S MtSS-., 
.OTtggP) - 

1341 GoUHuittr.9^2 Water Eaton GaL 5-1 More HopatoL 

8-1 Sparkler Superb. 13*1 Therapeutic. 16-1 Just Spud. 

21 Si “te 

18 2041 TBflJSl GffT T Morion tMO-9 UBMrtby(7>. 

« “*“‘ v 





a n 



Davidson ahead of 

the reigning champion 

By Jenny MacAiihnr 

The former dual world with Pomeroy was rewarded 
-C champion, Bruce Davidson with third place - the same 
, . > ■fromfoe United Statevndmg position as he had at Bad- 
his favourite bores, _J J Babu, minion. He fi-mshfrf on the 
moated the reigning world same mark as Ian Stark on his 
• champion, Virginia Leng, on 
, Priceless, into second place 
after a tense finishjo the Croft 
; « ; Original . British Open horse 
, trials at Gatcombe Parte in 
■ % Gloucestershire yesterday. 

‘-ft was the first lime foreign 
riders have been able to 
compete in the British Open 
v and Davidson, who is takmgj 
. C Ji Babu to Burghley next 
... * month, provided a_ superb 
' finish to the competition as. 

.. ' the last to go, he galloped 

dAerminedly round Captain. 

v /a Mark Phillips's challenging 
"' .coarse to brat Mrs Leng by 
: pohns. 

Lett’s 21 - gave her victory, 
Miss H unt's natural ability 
across country increasin ' 
suggests her as the next j 
cmda Green — although 
comparison was not possible 
yesterday because Mrs Green 
withdrew after contracting a 

- :Mrs Leng. however, retains 
the- ride of British National 

>n, being the highest 

national rider in the 
Bass. She also finished second 

on her Burghley entry Murphy 

Himself in the advanced class. 
- “Rodney Powell's deter- 
mined attack on the course 

Badminton winner Sir Wattje 
but had a foster cross country 
round. . 

Robert Lemieux, who lost 
his chance with The 
Gamesmaster after a fell al the 
last fence, made up for it with 
a good round on his second 
horse; The Poser, to finish in 
sixth place. 

Outside the championship 
class, the most inspired rides 
of the day came from 21-year- 
old Rachel Hunt who won the 
Young Riders' section with 
Aloaf; then had a foil at the 

water with Friday Fox but, 

despite badly bruising her 

right arm, returned to die fray _____ 

one hour later to ride her £Siartt'4&;5. Mtchaabin DayjM 
Badminun. nnraer-up Piglet 

Piglet II (R Hunt) 42; 2. Morphy 
Hflnsetfw Lang) 42:3, Mfefan John 

Law) 52. Yang Riders: 1, Aloaf 
Hunt) 43; 2. Hector James (V 
' 4a3etgj|!, Spy Story fl 

(J4 Shield) 

Miss Hunt was one of only a 
handful of people throughout 
the day to jump the bounce of 
comers at fence 14 -the most 
technically difficult fence. 

The one sadness of the day 
was Richard King's Beesling, 
who had to be put down after 
foiling badly when dying to 
jump fence seven. The Steps 
Lane Crossing in one. 

RESULTS: 1, J J Babu (8 Davidson, 
US) 42; 2, Priceless (V Lou] 44; 3, 
4, Sir Wattle 

to first place in the : 

She finished on the same, 
score as Mrs Lena, but her fast 
rime — she bad seven time 
penalties compared with Mrs 


Veterans help Bicester to victory 

The Pony Chib champioo- 
' i*: ships, organized by Mr and Mrs 
John Crisp, and sponsored by 

the Bank of Ireland, were com- 
■ pleted ai Ambers ham, Sussex, 
' ' yester da y with the Bicester team 
carrying off the supreme prize, 

the RendeTl Trophy. Yesterday's 
' : proceedings started with a efis- 
' the 

^. play by the 43 teams who 
formed a colourful mounted 
column . to salute Viscount 

- Cowdray. their, weekend bosL 

- .;The Ren deli was challenged on a 
■ League points system. 

Beaufort, who were leading 
' Braden division one by one 

By John Watson 

point until Saturday, were then 
overtaken by Bicester, who went 
on to win overall by a comfort- 
able four points. Managed by 
Mrs Crisp, and better mounted 

than most of their opponents, 

Bicester fielded two veterans, 

Robert Thame, the Pony Club's 
All-En gland captain, and Ru- 
pert Thorneloe, who was yes- 

terday awarded the scholarship 
place at High Dawoay's Irish 
School. The teams backing up 

and passing were the best so for 

seen in this category of polo. 
The RA (Salisbury Rain), in 

two chnkkas between widened 

posts, sc r ap ed home to a 3-2 
victory against Cheshire (Sooth) 
for the Handley Cop (under- 
16s). The RA's stylish No. 3 
Peter Wright, won the special 
pnze for “the boy showing most 

TEAMS: Hr— Mr 1. J Tomtonson; 2, S 

Toman 3. n Thame; Bade. R Thometoa. 

Beaufort: 1, M Saunders: ft T Pknarc 3. j 

McQfto nc Back. M LtoweSen-Paimer. 
Huday Cron Cap: RA(Safisbtry Plain): 
1. J Harris 2. Bnc&Helyar: 3, P Wright 
Back. L Moore. Cheshire (South): T. J 
Camre; J* O Tayton 3. J Kavanagh; Back. 
J Rofcson. Jack Gaanoa Trophy: Quonc 
1. G Gaunt 2, PUy SMeUK 3.T Bowrc 
Bade. J Hutchison. Cheshire (South): 1. 
Francesca de Ferranti: 2. C Casks; 3, M 
Bartow; Back, M Hancock. 



HENDOfk HFC women's utemstfonal (En- 

Bhad « Po»nd v ScaUndWatn): 100 

1. J Janw (Pen, nSfcec, 2. J 

Smnawn (Pol). 11 76. 3. K JaHiey 

(WaksiScan, 11 BO 400m: 1. M - 

lPC0.5238s«.2.. ^ 

I 80 400m: 1. M Waoeckj 
JTwpe^^>4te , l!^m1?Z Buddf 

Keouqh(£haLS3 i 
2mm330&ec.ft J 

K Wkm (Wales/: 

CC30009 „„ _ 

Jones lADBtttiwiOsmnHiMi 15351 Team 
AbemUwv Onr<i WH. 60 ID. 

mflui 1 P Miron JToomig BC> 352*0 
Tram Harutin RC 12 38-51 
FiNSBURV PARK CC: tmo mil (?S rates! I 
R Omen (VC Slough) S3 3? Tcoirr VC 

TONELL1 HR: RC Uri R » (73 
a ivetsipi (ujncneswi whi. 

SKxnn.247 34 

£07 01:3.SBaitev(EnoL4-l07B ftOOOnel. 
CBmjng (EfW). 9ron 73Ssee: 3, A Tooby 
(Wate/Sron. 41050. 1 J SIMMs (Engl, 

01372. doom hwritea: i, g BSsa*J 
5626:2. J SHknaCh (POD. 5752. 3. Y MP 
[ErW.S7.84i>tet»l.E&ra»*k(P6(), 60.84. 

2 . HNSnnwa (PU). 6936: 3. K Puen (Eng). 
S&7&Lnagjump:i. AHarconareMPoh. 654 

gCBWlWN LEAGUE: fiMt dmkn 

JJT- 3. Nwmnm at Eue* Bums. 
3K: f. Backwam. 272; 5, Wohwftampton, 
affl; Q_Sate. 246(7. EwMahl, 231. 6, Lunn, 
152. Final MUdim 1 . Hgmggy. 32; 2. 
BnhfieM. 23: j jWwmaffpMn, 2ft A, 

Bbckheam. 19: 5. SnahKtwry. 17; S, Mew- 

Mm and Essex Beatta. it 7. Sale. 11: 8, 
Lumn. 6 Third dMmoa /EnMd): 1. EnMM. 
345. 2. Norm London, 24lift Wnxfaor. 225. 4. 

Ljmr pqoL 198 . S. Lwflc. 180; 6. Mens. 1S6. 

1. Enhad. 21 <>; 2, Windsor. 
19: 3. North London. 14: 4. Leeds. 13',: 5. 

L»snx»l. ii. ft Notts. 8 Foanh dnouon 

(W»r1e«:l.HBpeHa. 260. ft Bnghlon. 233: 
ft CmdOK 217. 4. HAngAmT 30ft ft 
Cannock. 19& ft WooCtord (Seen. 166. Flnri 

1. M*n«on. 18,2. Horne HU, 17, 

3. Crm*y. 15: 4. Brighton. 14; 5. Cannock, 
11. ft Woodford Green, ft Fifth dntema 

(Gatasboadk 1. Sheffield. 269. ?. Morpetn. 

2 A& 3, OU Gatonmns. 226: 4. Croydon. 217. 
S.SnrMM. 206. Fiml stnndnoc 1 . SnHfcrt. 

307570111 Gurnn. aft. 3. S&pem. iftd. 

Qgydgn.j3. 5.S(M rKM. ft ft Epsonv 3. 
COLOOME: gmnd pda mi e an m Mote 100 
mteem 1. Ohs imoniNwiiia). 10 12sec.ft M 
WoraiBi (Pdl), 10.17; ft flaancaOJS). 10 1& . 

4001k 1. 1 INMNkgMHMMM 
Rotsmson i 

iL 4ftWsec. 2, D 

B Cameron (Jam). 
. WUyfco (Veni lmoi 

44.70MC. ft J Gray (US), T 4480. 3. M Fa 
(Seneoah. Iv4&36 uaQcK i.Sl 

'. JGonzalM(Sp),3-32S0;3.S 

(USL333.71: ft M OBAran (M).^ 35.7ft 


1. SAouta ( moo. T itan. _ 

MpkOidt toil. 75958: 3. C _ 
7:4840. 400m huTOMm 1. A PM(<n 

I US). 4754: ft D Patnefc 

Wnnya). 1 

*. x R 

4«f .... 

(Ft). 62 32a. 7. J 
. 3. p HQ (WG). 
_ i jump: 1. I Pakkn (USSfil. 2 37 
mews; ft J Howaid (US). 230: 3. J 
(CUM. 25a. Triple Jam* 1. N 



onJSSR). 1756 mews; 2. J Tm> 
(N0enaj. 17 18. 3. S Helen (Fr). 17 13 Pole 

aaufc l. T Vtoteron (Fr). 5.75 mews: 2. B 

PimioynjS). ft». =3. J WeMer P«G) ano B 
Zero (WG). 530. Women: 100m leetPae: 1. Y 
Oor*on( 8 iA 1259sec (worW record). 3. G 

ZaaorcheniBuO. 12S6. 3. LDoy(Fi). 1333 
Whc 1. E AsMores (US). 22 5 1 sec; 2. E 

Kesorzyi, (Pan. 22A6. 3. G Jncksoa (jam), 

22.60. 400m: 1. L Leatfwrooad 1US1. 

SOEGsac. 2. V Bnsc&Hooks (USL 50 61: A G 

Baszak (Pon. 50 66 

1500* 1. D Mekme (Rom). 4 01.10; ft C 

BuertJ (Saotf), 4.0333. 3. V UcmUok [IVGL 

4-0459 ftOOO* 1 . M Puce (Romi. 857 84; ft 

SGuskow (USSRLft48 72; 3. P-S Ptumer 

lUSL 855 05 Higblunp: 1. H Redecky (WG1. 

151 mews: ft U Omnoang (WGL 1 SO. 3. K 
Pew CNG), 1 80. Jeum* 1 . » Th»ss« (WGl. 
6734 mews: ft M Colon (Cuba). 64 74. 3 . B 
Peters (WG). 63 16 

NEWPORT; Halfr mo mttion (13 1 mtos) 

Opmc 1. R Nash (WestDwv Hamers). 

44sae. ft C wooonouse (Dertw ana 

.. .'}. 68 14. 3. W Bedded (TeMord), 6650. 

Women’s nee; 1. C Newman (Exeter). 77 IS. 

2. S James (Newport). 79.08. 3. A Goooerham 

(StwnamouihL 79 SO. V ete r e ae' race low 
40) 1. E Lee (Pegasus). Women i. Z 
Marchant (Cngpenham). Team: 1. WBsaury. 


NORTH AMERICA: NatlonM League Friday: 

Montreal Expos 5. Chicago Cues ft Montreal 

5. Ciacego Ci4» 1. Pmscuron Prates 

nuesi 1 

23700 _ 

LONG EATON CC: Tme trul |2S (Mesl 1 A 
Faam (Derby Mrecirv) 57nan 45s« Team 
Dercnr Mmaxy. 2nr Mmr 44 sec 
OTLEV CC (So rales) 1 l Camnesh (Man- 
chester WHi 1 48 43 Ttam Scartwough 
Paragon frOfrM. Women; JPucWardlSfOuf- 
IXiOQe CCL 203 06 

WARWICKSHIRE RC: (25 rmtesl I.GKmsee 
l/i^vi. 54 29 Team SiaurDtaje CC 

WREXHAM RC (25 rrWrtk 1 P Pendrev 
(Chester RO. 5630 Team B*kenh*ad Nonn 
End. 25846 Tanoem P ward ana E Ward 
(KrtOyCC) 54 43 


POLISH LEAGUE: Lrgu Warsaw 4. Palana 
Baton, 0 Gem* ftuxre 3. Lech Poznan 0: 
SlrJi Wnxia** 3 Sul Mwtec 2. Prgon 
Szczecin 2. Motor L00U1 6 Wi&row Led* 2. 
Rucn ChOrzow V Otonpa P05un 0. Led* 
Cdsnik ft Com* Waiwsvcfl 0 CHS Kanwioe 
2. OWN Lumn 0 LkS LctC 3 Leedtag 
standings: I.GhS K»P*X8.pHy«J3. poaw 
ftftGornAZaeize 3. 6 3. Slask Wroclaw. 1 

DUTCH LEAGUE : Fevenoort RoaanMm 3. 
PEC 2*ade ft FC UtreW 1 FC T-rxt 
Enschede 2. nZ '67 Anmuar 0, FCGratwigen 
4; Fonau Snora 0. Haartem 0: Go Ah*e<3 
Eagles Deventer l Eacdw Rotterdam O. 
Sparta Ronerdam 1 PSV Emahoven 1. FC 
VVV VentaO.FC Den Bosch 0 Postponed SC 
Veentam * FC Den Hoag. An* Amsterdain « 
Roda JC kerwaon 

0. wermit Aue 2 Cart Zess Jena 2. Sm 

nesal.FortschnttBsakirswenJaO, Dynamo 

Dresen ft Maaocoug l Roi-we«a Ertun i. 

Dynamo Berirfl 4. Vor weens Frankfurt 1 

Enogm Consul 1 Kart-Man-Sadt 3 


REDMOND, WMngfen: GTE rionfiweet 

daaaie toumamem iuS unless stated) 

Second raid: Ut: D January. B Oampton 

(Ausi 139: W 2etnxc.hi 14ft M Barov 141: 

W Caspar. R ante 14ft G Loner B Bara. G 

Lanmng. C Srtlprd 

BUFChb, Georgia: Woewn'e world etiawpl 

aneMpedJS unless staled) nwd rownt 20fc 

B K«g. 69 66. 7i 210: M-B Simmermao. 71. 

73. 66 211: C Johnson. 69. 74. 68. J Geddes. 

73. 67. 71 212: N Lodbz. 7ft 66. 73 214: A Al- 

con, 73. 69. 73 215: P Sheehan 67 7ft 78. A 

Oomoto (Jaoani. 70. 75. 70 2T& P BradWv. 

7ft 72. 73 217: J Steononson (Ausi 73. 71. 

73 218: V Sumner 70.74 74 221: J Mister. 


SANTA CRUZ, Cakfontt: US Womens 

emeieurcrmmpteastepK Final (36 homv K 

Cockreid |USi H K UcCantw IU51 9 ana 7 

WHITE FLAMS, New Tort: Women's p ro em 

Snoncw-Devfcn. 75. 74. 69. B PcjrsOh. 73. 75, 

TOC CMm. 71 73 74. D Emefcng 73. 70. 

75 219: M Bataan. 75. 72. 72. J RcaentheL 

76. 70. 73. h Young. 72. 74. 73 220. M 

Beftwm 72. 74. 74 

HMD, Japan: Fatmeekei woman** to u nm 
meet Ftate scores: 21ft A Hikoge (Japan). 69. 
73. 70 213: F Nvuta (Japan). 70. 71. 7ft 
Cheng Mw-Cts (fimanV 7t 6& 74. c 

Krauert (USL 70. 73 70 214: R fmefion 

ftetraiL 73. 68. 73: Tai Vu-Hsia (Taiwan), 73, 


AMSTERDAM: Woeien'a World Cut Pool A: 

Netherlands 3. Ausvau 2. England 2. Spam 



On top of die world: Jordanka Donkova of Bulgaria after setting a world record for the IpniwrghPkm^cwira^^SM ^ 
100 metres hurdles in Cologne yesterday (Report, page 30) ft_ser Dwoo Peaw 7 , c 


Essex on top again Randall's Slack and Radley in fori 

thanks to Hardie 

By Ivo Tennant 

COLCHESTER Essex (4pts) Lever held as the ball swung 
heal Essex by 31 runs - away from him in the breeze. 

" - Essex, the John Player Special- Lamb was batring confidently 

League champions, went hack when Gooch bowled him with 
on top yesterday by beating one Thai appeared to ctfme back. 
Northamptonshire, the leaders. As Cook had dope when Essex. 
A' centuty by Brian Hardie was hatted, Acfield bowted a tidy 
■ the main foctor in their victory, spell in the middle of 
' which also owed much to tidy Northamptonshire’s innings. 
.... - lf bowling. Of the two sides’ However, Bafley and Capel 
■ * ' •* '■ remaining fixtures, Essex look collected runs assiduously, Bai- 

to have foe less arduous pro- ley reaching a halfcentury with 
r - gramme. - fats fifth four, Hemade 63 in all 

^Ofoer than Hardie, only before foiling to a skier and 
- Gooch made a sizeable score for thereafter 
Essex, who won the toss. Before 
3:7.000 crowd the openers set off 


were unable to keep up with foe 
asking rate. 

ai their customary pace; putting 
.... on 104 in 21 overs before Nick 
. Cook and harper slowed the 
tempo to a degree. 

Gooch was well held by Lamb 
at long-off and thereafter neither 
- .Bolder, in his last John Player 
'match, nor Pringle quite man- 
aged to master 

Northamptonshire's bowling. 
Handle's century, made off 107 
balls with II fours, was very 
much foe centrepiece of the 
. innings. 

It was his first John Player 
, century of the season and as 
' ever his innings featured idio- 
syncratic shots- His square cuts 
‘and- pulls are liable to go 
anywhere, but more often than 
. not through the gaps. They 
brought in foe bulk of his runs 

■Still on a good hatting pitch, 
Northamptonshire must have 
been reasonably pleased to keep 
Essex down to 234 for five: That 
was until they lost Larkins and 
Lamb cheaply. Larkins was out 
hr the third over, sending a 
steepling catch to long-leg which 

•GA Gooch c Lamb bN Cook. 
B R Hairfie run out . 

AR Border c Larkins bWBd 

D R Pringle c Wafcar b MaSender . 

A WOBeyrunout : 

P J Prichard not out . 

KWR Fletcher not out. 

Total (5 wkts. 40 overs). 

. 45 
- 20 
_ 2 
— 7 
_ 7 
. 19 

E East N A Foster, J K Levttr. D L 
AdeiddU not bw 

FALL OF WK3CET5: 1-104, 2-149. 3-213, 

BOWLING: Mdender 6-0-28-1; Capel 5- 
0-25-0; N Cook 8-0-30-1; Harper 6-1-460; 
Water 7-6560; W«d 60-43-1 
Umpires: D Uoyd end N T Plows 

RJ Beley c Border b Gooch 63 

WLertkBC Lew t> Foster 7 

A J Lamb b Gooch 18 


D J Capel c Hartfie b Prtngte , 
R A Harper b Gooch 

■G Cook c Gooch b Foster 


jjSN_VWatertonc Gooch bPrteflle - 28 

[ G S Cook not out 

N A MaHnder st East b Border 
A Water not out 

Extras (Ib5.w4) 
Total (9 wkts, 40 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-1h 861. 6117, 6 
152. 5-159. 6162. 7-168, 6197. 6202. 
BOWLING: Fbeter 86562; Lever 7-0-35- 
0: AcfleJd B-O-29-0: Gooch 60463; 
Pringle 66363: Border L65-1 
Umpires: D Ltoyd and N T Plews. 

Derbyshire enjoy a 
crushing victory 

shire (4 points) bt Yorkshire try 
10 wickets 

Outstanding seam bowling by 
Die Monensen and Michael 
Holding sent Yorkshire to a 
rushing defeat yesterday, their 
first by Derbyshire in the John 
Player League since 1978. After 
Yorkshire had been bowled out 
for 132, Barnett and Hill's 
-unbeaten partnership took 
Derbyshire to victory with 1 1 
avers to spare. 

/ With Queen’s Park at its best 
in foe sunshine. Chesterfield 
l altered fully into the Sunday 
league spiriL The Chesterfield 
band — a silver and brass 
Misembie — played jauntily 
oefore the start. As Derbyshire 
_ ame out the announcer in- 
‘ 'ormed us they were being led by 
David Baimow, correcting him- 
: jdf only after hectic gestures by 

• ihe Derby players. 

• But alter taking 1 1 runs from 

By Pete- Ball 


straights, and as Warner, with 
foe aid of another stunning 
catch, this tune by Roberts, and 
Finney chipped into remove 
Bairstow and Love, there 
seemed no escape. Garrick and 
Peter Hartley revived them 
briefly whh a stand of 48 in 10 
overs before Holding returned 
to end foe resistance. 

Any thought that Yorkshire's 
seam bowlers could be 
effective were quickly 
by Barnett and H3L Alter a 
cautious start, spending 16 
overs accumulating their first 
50, the tempo increased sharply. 
The second SO took only eight as 
Yorkshire's dispirited bowlers 
were treated contemptuously. 
Hill batting with almost as 
much freedom as bis captain. 


M D Mcwon c Shanna b Hotdteg 10 

A A MettMte Ibw b Monensen 
SN Harttey b Mortensen — ■ — 13 

By Richard Streeton 

shire (4 pts) beat 
26 runs: ’ ‘ ‘ " — ‘ 

. Derek .Randall marked his 
return to first-team cricket noth 
an entertaining 88 yesterday as 
Nottinghamshire maintained 
their challenge in foe John 
Player League. Randall, who has 
been absent since breaking a 
finger on July 9, was top scorer 
as No tting h am s hir e m ade 237 
for five. 

Ned Faiibrother hit 79 in 
aggressi ve sty le to lead 
Lancashire's reply, though be 
was dropped at long-on when 13 
off Hemmings. Richard Hadlee 
was resting a minor groin strain 
and Nottinghamshire were not 
always able to keep foeir oppo- 
nent subdued. In foe rad. 
though, Lancashire found the 
target was too difficult. 

Lancashire bad begun badly, 
losing three wickets for 20 as foe 
cricket vied for the crowd's 
attention with a display by the !L B 
Red Arrows, who were perform- J, j 
ing at a nearby airshow. Clive ~ “ 
Lloyd hit the baD hard as be and 
Fairbrother shared a promising 
stand before Lloyd was well 
caught on foe long-on boundary. 
O’Sbaughnessy was 

Fairbrofoer’s next partner but 
55 were still needed from five 
overs when these two were out 
in successive overs. 
Fairbroiher’s innings ended 
when he drove a catch to extra 

Nottinghamshire, similarly, 
made an uncertain start. They 
were 44 for three before Rice 
and Randall righted the ship by 
adding 127 in 22 overs. Before 
this Johnson and Broad were 
both out in the twelfth over. 

Johnson, foe non-striker, was 
unluckily ran out when 
Makinson, the bowler, deflected 
a straight drive into tbe stumps. 

Broad was splendidly caught by 
Lloyd. He recalled the days 
when he was a spectacular cover 

Hampshire lost ground in the 
John Flayer Special league at 
Lord’s yesterday 

when Mid d l e sex romped home 
to win by eight wickets. Set to 
make 196, Radley made 47, and 
Slack, 75. before Butcher, 42 not 
out and Carr, 26 not oat, hit the 
winning runs with six balls to 

Having chosen to field first, 
Gowans got Middlesex away to a 
rood start when he bowled 
Greenidge for 13 with the sene 
24. At 71, Terry fen to Ed- 
monds, and though he and 
Emburey bowled well Robin 
Smith pushed on to make 65, 

By Peter Marsoa 

and Nicholas, 41, as Hampshire 

It was a desperately close 
affair at Hove where Kent beat 
Sassex by one wicket with four 
bails to spare. Kent's target had 
been 182, and Hinks and Aslett 
had made runs before tbe 
brothers Cowdrey came to- 
gether. Baptiste (44) and Ellison 
(33) saw Kent home. Batting 
first, Sussex made good progress 
against Baptiste. Ellison, and 
later Underwood, and in 
conceding 117 runs, none of 
these three had a wicket to show. 
Alan Wells, who made 30 and 
Parker (18) put on the first 50, 
and if Imran and Colin Weils 





W ortXStBfS h irB (4pt3) bo*t Lekxs&rs h im 


Warwicks v Gloncs 


Wm*kkwhimtlBt4bmak)uo as t H *N n 
by 46 runs 


AJMoteabwbltozel 65 

PASmMiaSaftrebuy, 7 

T S Curtis c Wttey b Do Freitas — 

D M Snstfi c Benramte b Harris - 

G A HWt c Whefiaise b De Frdtas 

D N Patel c RottarDWBey 

•P A Neale Km b Da Freitas . 

A I Ktette har ran b Payne 71 

D L Ante c Romanes to Bainbridge . 60 

-tGWHunpagBbTwiz&H " 

AsH Din not out 

AM Fwreranotout 

D B DORvoira e Bowler b Tmtar 

bn Freitas 6 



- 6 

y Rhodes o WhttUcasa 
H Weston fcwbWflteyl 
R K Bdngwonh not outra 
J D tedsnere not oot| 

Extras (b 4, tb 6, w 2, nb 3). 
Total (8 wkts. 40 overs) 




- IS 

Total (5wMs. 40 overs) 284 

G C Small. T A Monkton, K J Kerr, ti 

FALL OP WICKETS: M3.6149.3-227.4- 

BOWUNtt Sainstxjry 64M61; 7WiM« 6 
itbndoa 76 ' 

S M McEwan dkt not bat 
FALL OF WK3CET& 1-34. 240, 3-70. 6 
97. 697. 6116 7-120, 6157. 

JWUoyrisc Ferrara bGiftom 



WHay 6633-2. 


D I Gow«r c waaton b fttebmora . 

PWi»eyb Weston. 

J J Wh&ater c Made b bidvnors 
P D Bovrier Bw b Hick , 

TJ Boon cNaateb Weston - 
P A J de Prates b Wngwcrlh , 


P Wtntucasa notout 
L B Taylor not out . 

fielder, by diving sideways at 
Id a firmly 

struck balL 

to hold 

From the moment Rice ar- 
rived. he drove and pulled runs 
positively. Randall was adroit at 
keeping the score moving whh 
cleverly placed singles, though 
be hit whh gusto near the end. 

Rice’s eye finally foiled him 
against HayfiursL Randall who 
received a standing ovation 
from the crowd, was run out in 
the last over. 

BC Broad c Uoyd b Makinson _ 
R T Robinson tow b WWWnson ». 
P Johnson run cx4 
OWRandafl nm out 

— 5 

_ __ .14 

Bttras0b3.w6.nb2) 11 

TOtte (8 wkts. 40 overs) 150 

G A Harris did not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-20. 2-27. 367, 4- 

41, 667. 691. 7-99, 6113. 

BOWLING: McEwan 61-35-0: tadmpra 
61-33-3; Weston 61-2-2; Mck 86361; 
Nlngwofth 61-2-1. 

Umpras: o L Ostear and R Paknar. 

Middx v Hampshire 


»eMbsaxf4pts) boat H mn pUtkii by might 


C G Greertidga b Cowans - - 13 

V P Terry c Salting b Edmond s 26 

R A Smfthc and bEmbway 65 
*M C J Ndtofn e Miter b EnKxray - 41 
NGCtMteycOowmsmb Cowans-. 28 

RJ Scott not ote 8 

TMTrwntetrnotout, 3 

BrlBMflha ,WS nt>S) _ 1 R 

Total ( 5 rwas. 40 overs ) 195 

K D James, M D MarshaS. iff J Parks, c A 
Connor At not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-24. 671. 6148, 4- 
154. 6186. 

BOWUNG: Hrntes 6646ft- Comm 6 
1-39-2: EGnon& 66261: Bitourey 61- 
rr 26166. 

KM Curran elMoiesbSmafl . 
P Batebridge bw b Gifford 

. 43 
. 4 


P A Bomaines c KaGcharran b Munton 33 

K PTomfinsnotout 22 

IRPwnecandbFanWra - 5 

*n A&aveney not out- 3 



Bctms{lb9 l w3) 

Total (7 wkts. 40owis). 

P H TVtofl. G E &tesbury tSd not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-103. 6112, 6117, 

BOWUNG: Smafl 86361: SnflBi 5626 
Ch Munton 6654-1; Karr 36206 
Ferraira 76462; Grifonl 6040-3; Asit 
On 1676 

Umpires: JH H a mps hire and RJuIttn 

Sussex v Kent 


Kont (4pts) best Sussex by 1 wicket 





A P Waite c Penn bCS Cowdrey . 
PWG Parker b Perm 

Imran Khan few b C S Cowdrey . 

CM Weds b Penn L 

) J Gould nor out 

G S la Rous run out . 





•CEB Rice few bHayhurst 

J D Bin* not out . .. . . 

D Fraser-Daring not ort. 

Extras (b 1. b 15. w 6. nb 2). 








232; Getting 66360: Can 261 
inn fx/pgFX 

C T Recuey c Sraim b James 

w N stack b Cowley 

R 0 Buteher.not out — 

J D Con - not out 

C P PNnpson not out . 

Extras (fc 19. w 5) 

Total (5 wkts, 40 aware) 181 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-50. 2-59, 664. 4- 

N J Lanham. D A Rsewe. A C S PigotL A N 
Jones Did not bst 

BOWUNG: Baptato 9 1 44 0; Bison S 1 40 
0; C S Cowdrey 8 0 22 2; Penn 8 1 23 2; 
Underwood 8 033 0, 


SG Hinks ePartcerb Imran _ 

S C Gddmmrth c sub b Imran 
CjTavaereb Jonas 


Trad (2 Wkts. 39 OWS 5. 







0G Aslett tow b Reave 
*C S Cwwtrey b Reave — 

G R Cowdray b Reeve 

EAE Baptiste tbwbkmn 
R M aison not out 

. 22 
- 6 
- 0 



foe first over. 

axing 11 ru 


'. merit ceased abruptly. Holding 
and Monensen exploited the 
. bounce and movement in a 
typically lively Chesterfield 
wicket to wreak havoc /m their 
■arty tatting. 

Holding began the decline 
*ith his first delivery, Moxon 
. liming it to backward square 
eg, and then Monensen took 
jver. Metcalfe was trapped Ibw 
before another run had been 
idded, Robinson succumbed as 
• rfiller picked up a blinding 
atch fost to his left at first slip, 
ind Neil Hartley was removed 
>y a beautiful delivery pitching 
eg stump and hitting foe oft 
At 33 for 4 after 13 overs 
'orksbire were m desperate 

P E Robinson e MMer b Mortenaen 

P J Hartley run out 

C Shew not out — 

Extras (b 1 w 4, nb 3} ..10 

TotfpwW».40o«re) 132 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-11. 2-11.3-20, 6 
3^544^661. 7-109. 6116,6lk9._ 
BOWUNG: MorMnsen 66166: HlAflng 
61i&^ Fra»y 61-40-1; Wsrasr SOSf- 
1;MMT 61-160. 


•K J Bame« not out — -72 


Extras (lb 5. w 3, 1 * 8 ) -IS 

AHM not out , 

Total (0 vkW. ffl.1 oxers) 

J E Morris, B Roberts. G ANHKyhwstbftra 

Warner. R J Finney Bid O H Mortensm 
did not ML 


Umpras: BJ Moyer and A A Jones 

Did not bat TB N Freocb. K Evans, E E 
Hemmings and K Saxdby. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-22. 642. 644. 6 

BOWLING: Watklnson 60-34-1, 
Makinson 8641-1: Hayhurst 61-361; 
OShaugiinessy 8655-0: Sfanmons 61- 


G 0 Mradte b Saxsfey 1 

J Abrahams bSaxaby 0 

V H Lloyds c Robinson b Frazor- 

Qartng 43 

N HFaxtrohofcRtaobStoMfey — 79 

SJOSnaugimeawtoNbRca 33 

CltoyrterdruKxrt 10 


A JTMBw. -M W Getting. TPR Doemton. 
J E Emburey. P H Edmonds. S P Hughes, 

N G Cowans dfd not tat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-115. 6147 

BOWUNG: Connor 76386 James 66 

361; Tremten 66468; Cowley 86461; 

Marstafl 86426 

Umpire*: R A Wtbtft and P B Wight 

ISA Marsh b Imran ... 

C Penn run out 

D L Underwood not out . 
Extras 00 3. w 1. nb 1) 

— 6 


— 0 

Tots! (9 wklH. 392 Dtws) 182 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-27. 2-29. 651. «- 
78. 681. 6110. 7-169. 6177. 6178. 
BOWUNG: C M Waite 2612-0; to Roux 6 
6396 Imran 8-3-314; Prgofl 61^60: 
Jones 52-6261: Reeve 8-044-3. 
Umpras: J Uksosbaw and 0 J Constant. 

were soon takes, then Gould 
came to prop up bis side once 
more m an innings of 65 not out, 
and le Roux made 16 and 
Phillipson 24 not oul Chris- 
topher Cowdrey and Penn took 
four of five wickets to falL 

If Somerset’s crowd at Taun- j 
ton were hoping for more 
fireworks in another explosive 
display from Ian Botham, then a 
foil 01 rain put an rad to that 
idea. After Surrey bad made 1 98 
for five from 36 oven, .the 
match was abandoned. Surrey 
had done well to make 1 10 for 1 
foe first wicket. Marks then 
caught and bowled Butcher, 
who made 50, and Taylor prised 
oul Clinton, who made 70. 
Taylor, Botham and Garner: 
then combined to round up 
Stewart, Lynch and Ward, but 
Richards held fost to make 47 
not out. 

At Edgbaston, 

Warwickshire's score of 284 for 
five moved to be too great a 
target for Gloucestershire whom 
they beat by 46 runs. A invita- 
tion to bat first obviously suited 
Warwickshire's book. 

Hopkins is 
back in 
the runs 

SH ANSE4: The New Zealand- 
ers, with seven second-innings 
nickels in hand, are 149 runs 
ahead of Glamorgan. 

John Hopkins, the Glamor- 
gan opening batsman, fought his 
way back into form after a lean 
spell, which has kept him out of 
the first team, when be hit his 
first cranny of foe season 
against the New Zealand touring 
side at Swansea yesterday. 

Hopkins, aged 33, who is 
celebrating his benefit year, hit 
1 42 in 252 minutes off 209 balls, 
including 16 fours and five 
sixes. He took three sixes off one 
over of spin from Evan Gray. 
His innings laid foe foundation 
of a convincing response to the 
New Zealanders* first-day total 
of 378 for five declared. 

Geoffrey Holmes helped 
Hopkins put on 180 for foe 
fourth wicket, the best partner- 
ship for foe county against foe 
New Zealanders since 1937. 
Hopkins got a top edge trying to 
sweep Bracewel! and was caught 
behind by Smith, who also 
stumped Holmes, who pro- 
duced a studied 74, off Gray. 

Glamorgan declared at 303 
for five. 75 runs behind, 
challenging Coney, foe New 
Zealand captain, to go for a 
result on foe final day. 

NEW ZEALANDERS: First Inntogs 378 for 
5 ctoe {J J Crowe 159. JV Coney 140 not 

Second innings 

JG WrigWc Jones bDemcfc 24 

K R Rumericrt c Hopwns b BanucX . 24 

J J Crowe b Derrick-.. 2 

M D Crowe not out 8 

*JV Coney nor out 4 

Extras (w «, to 6) J 


Cmcxmsti Reds i: St Lows Carinate 4. New 

York Mats ft Houston Astros 3. Adores 

ft San Francteco Gants 5. Los 

Angolas DodoeR 1. Saunter SI Loue 

Csntete 3, New Yoric Mots (it raw); Los 

Angeles Dodgers 6 , San Franctsoo Giants 5. 

Pittstugh Aretes 6 . Phaadetoiu Prates i 

and Ptx wd eipna 6 . Pmstxxgn ft Cmcmnat) 
Rees «. San &ew Paries 1 ;CMogo Cobs 5, 

Montreal Expos ft Houston Astros 7. Adores 

Braves 4. American Laagoe: Friday: Cleve- 

land Mans 3. Bsttnwe Orate 2: Boston 
Red Sox 8 . D«po<i Tigers 5: MSwaukee 

Brewers 4. Creeago WMe Sox 3; Toronto 

Blue Jays ft Texas Rangers t: New Yodt 
Yankees 7. Kansas City Royals 4; Seattle 

Manners i, Mhnesota Twins ft Catena 

Angels ft Oaktefld Athtebca 4. Saturday: 

Donat Tears 12. Boston Red Sox B: 

Cievetend iMtes ft BaBmore Onotes 1: 

Toronto Blue Jays 1ft Texas Rangers 1: 

Kansas Cdy Royals 4. New Yore Yankees ft 
Mtenaukee Brewers ft Chicago WMe Sox 5. 
Seatfle Manners 7. Wnnesota Twins 6; 
Catena Angate ft Oakland AtMatics ft 


MOSCOW: World dtep tontodpe: Final: 

Untied Steles 10ft Sown Unon Bft Thhd- 

l 64. CacttoflJovakra 

... : dm 10ft Cuba 8S. 

Sra i n r h pte c a ptay-otfc Bul^a 79 


prec Unhoyal 

mdesi. - _ — - 

axil, ismn 4749tec. t. C Cuvnet(FR 

Cargo). 3. D Qafaca |GB Frat Cargo) 
fastest <op. L«id5ey fttftt? (T936 cnqre 
Second tea (20-5$ mte). 1. Lmosey. 
15:4057. ft 5 Gray (GB Leytond Roadraaq: 3, 

E Bacon (G8 Renault) Fastest lap* Lndsey 

ftll.77 (80 lOmgh) Overt*: 1. Lmdsey: ft 

Gray: 3. Cuynei. Petkais Engnei atthp 

race* FbwieoC0i2 redes) t.wGreenjERF 
Cunmns). 1529 56. ft H Barnes (ScanraeS); 

3 , M Broirtey (Lntend Roataram) Fastest 
Up’ Barnes ftll 13 |80J5mohl Second teg 

(2052 Dries) 1 . G>een. 1524 75. ft Borgudd 

(A (Mate Roadboss Swe). 3. Bacon Fastest 
tap: Borgudd. 2 11-33 (B 0 37 man) OvereOtl. 
Green. 2 . Borgudd. 3. G Aden (Mate 

Roadxiss) Britab Telec o m R S TUnpa glng 

ASOttp nee-. Fust leg 12 Q.S 2 nriesv \. Q 


; Gonmsson (Sweden Vowo) 

__ . 21D39 (80 81mph) 

Second tog (305? rates) 1 Goranuon. 
15.18 (to: 2 Raracrw. 3. Mantova. Fastest tap 
Bangoni. ftogfo isi snramj. Owes: t 

Raroom; 2 . Mamoaa. 3. Goranson 15 teas 

(43-91 driest 1. Goransson. 32-5038- ft 

Rangom. 32*692. 3. Green. 3256 96 Fast- 

est lap- Green. 20926 (81 5 lmpn) 



Korea 5ft 

Tram 57 

Austrafial . . 
pt e y eft Brae* Bft 


WOmHNB: E8BA 121 ImiMori mgles: 

SareMteate: J Ottaway (NortoM bt J Leenon 

(Ootiare). 21 - 11 : D Cutler (Devon) bt R 

Morgan^fHants). 21-13. I%«dt Otetetey U 



ATLANTIC CITY: I tetedWite Horn 
(US) drew wen MriScfc Taylor (US) 


ASCOT: World tonr-te-tieiid ct ran uJ owhlp* 

1. T 
G Barrios (I 
ft E Mew 



offcft J Boa* (Hun): 3. T vetstra (Netm: «. R 

uverea atanotegs: maMottac 

(NetnL 94 penalty pts. 2. I 

'i.88:3.L JuhesalHunLI lft4. 

L 115; ft M Fieund (WG). lift 

if. 119. Team: 1. Netftertands. 
. _ K ft Hungary. 221: 3. West 

Germany. 266; 4. United States, 280; 5. Great 
Bmn.3ll:fi.SMcertana. 312. 



SHIPS: Fhst day (Bamraan to Soutn 

Marsnn to Kungraord. 295Jun^ i. S White 

IUA IJXMjRS (77Jttpn^ ft M Wtete 

4), 994:3, G 


eogregttr 1. J Pumtey (G 8 V 8 f 4 ; ft J 
WSbunon (GBL 805Tft A Mauon (CraL 802 


TOtn MATCH: Crataibury 30 Auttrette 10 


NATIONAL LEAGUE: Canterbury 33, East- 

bourne 45 (Ster heknec D Utten bt G 
Ktamen. notder): Stoke 38. Mtodtesbrou^i 4ft 
Brandt 51. Rye House 27 
XKOCK-OUT CUP: Oiiannr-teiN. first lag: 
Ml«niial43. Mtoriest«roug(i35 
BfUTISH LEAGUE: Crettey Heath 42. toad- 

ford 36. King s Lyra 33. WOhertwnpan 45. 

Bade Vue 33. Ctetord 45 (Goteen hatmer C 
Buckbnl or M Cox. hotel. Co-entry 55. 
ln»ocn 23. Yesterday: Rye House 45. Mtei 
Keynes 35. Peterborough 40. Eonbunyi 38. 
Easaxxnne 46. Craurttury 32 (Stiver befcner 
Mute, bolder btDugard) 


SAINT VINCENT, Itsty: Grand pftc Men: 
Stegtes sereMtnete: P McNanwe (Ausi bt L 
Phnex (Ci). 5ft. 6 - 1 . SCotenuo im Dt R Perez 
(Are). 7-6. 6-2. Hnsfc Cotorebo bt McNemee, 
26 6-3. 7-6. Donates finet L Pimek and P 
sxsri^z) W B Cox (US) aM M F3rcutt (AusL 

MANHATTAN BEACH: Vugttia S&ms: Sen*. 
ft 6-1: C M Uoyd IUS)« PSHnver (USLM. 6 - 

ORANLEICH: Surrey grass court crisrapfan 
steps; Mm's Open mat L Scott (US) bt P 
PaSreian (US). 6-3. 6-4 Ladws Open (teak 
Mas ti Batsman (Essex) tn Mss J woson 

reuneec Merrt Seek M Come otT / 

3-6. 6-4. 6-0 Women's finale T Lanarion M J 
Sneft 62.64 


World championship results 

Lightweight men 
SINGLE SCULLS (Mnners of neats to 
somr-fmais. remaiader to repecneoe): 
H«»t 1 : R Haber! (Austria). 7irtn5SM2K 
2 P A none (AusL 7:35.7ft 3. B 

752.19: 4. 


pen). 752.1 
755-24; 5 


p :3ft87; 4. J Voeroos 
Gahisan (WGL 7jdft 

(S*reL7^376: 3. W Van I 

P Seateractal 

7^07; ftPTiersaa (Cart). 1 Us?!* ftfc 
Capeta BaUMn (Port), 7:52.42: 4. J A 
(MexL 8:41.41; ft R Venocs (It). 

COiGESS FOURS (test ttvee <n beats to 
semMinaL ramamdar to repacnage): Heat 
Is 1. Spam, 6rmn 3ft67sec;ft rtaiy635.60r 
3, New Zealmd. 7JSJJ2; 4 . Austria. 
6G6E6: 5. Netherlands. 6^4.41. Heat 2: 
T Great Britain JC Bates. P Hamng. N 
Sane, S Forbes), 6:3Z40; ft Ausrafa, 
632.81; 3 . Utsted States. 6:45.14-, 4 . 

_ y. 7:0338: 5. Japan, 7:16.18. 
DOUBLE SCULLS (first three to heats to 
sen 4-fti iL rentalndar to repechaoe): N— i 

1: 1 , Greet Bntaln (C Smith. AWMtweQ 
7mto 572sec; 2. France. 7.-07.60: 1 Itoty. 
7^17.75: 4. Sweden. 7:1855; 5. Ponug*. 
7:3336. Heat 2: 1. Canada. 7-.13SC1! 
West GemtBiy 7:1854; 3. Denmarit. 
75&21: 4. israel. 7:42.13. Hera 3s 1. 
United States. 7:16.86:2, Maxico. 7:19-29; 
3. Netherlands, 720.09; 4. Switzerland, 
7^6 ^2, 

EIGHTS (winners al heats to final, 
remainder to repechage): Heat l: 1. 
Uratod Steto. 6mto fftfiBsac ft Spate. 
&21.96; 3, Canada, &2S.65: 4. France. 
826.47. Heat & 1. Italy. &09JS; 2, W 

Germany. 6:17.80: 3. Great Britain (J 
Gnfhfes. L Richmond. S Melvin. C Nelson. 
W Downing, J MeML R Metcalf. N Howe, 
G Rees - cox), 620.80; 4. OerenaiH. 


DOUBLE SCLXLS (winner to fmaL remain- 
der to repechage); Heat i: i. E Germany. 
7 min I9.l0sec ft N Zealand. 7:3334; ft 
CzecftoslovaWa, 7.39.73: 4. USSR. 
7:45.55: 5, Austria. 7:49.77, 6 Canada. 
751X52. Hera 2 l. Romania. 7.27.26, 2 . 
Butoana, 7:3525; 3. Sweden. 749 16: 4. 
Unfa States. 7:4965; 5. Norway. 

C O XL E SS PAIRS (wirmera to fmaL 
remainder » repechage): Heat 1: 1. 
Botee™ 7 min 51S1WW. ft USSR. 
7^ft84 ; ft Great Britain (F Johnston, p 
Bird). 8.0420; 4. Canada. 8:1030. 5. 
Austraia. 822.48. Heat Two: 1, Romania. 
7:36.85: ft e Germany. 7.4ft 30, 3. Poland. 
7^5.45; 4. W Germany, 7-47 JI . 5. United 
Stares. 757.13 

COXED FOURS (winner to hnaL remainder 
K H era i: ). Romania. 7mm 
. E Germany. 7-15.7& 1 
721.88; 4. Umted Stales. 

to repechaoeL 
iftSlsats 2, E 

726-81. Hera Z 1. Canada. 72ft41; ft 
Australia. 7:27.62; 3. USSR. 727.72: 4. 
Great Bream [J Gough, A Gateway. K 

arose, p Rttd. A Nomsn - eoxi 7^)88. 

SINGLE SCULLS (first tnree to semi-final, 
remainder to repet^iage) Kara 1: 1. 
Romana. 750® ft IkHteo States, 
ft Bulgaria. 8:00.65. 4. Italy. 
8.-06.37; 5. Sweden. 815.14 Heat 2: 
Belgium. 823,03; 2. Austria. 830.1ft ft 
Denmark. 832.13: 4. Netherlands. 
8:42.45; 5. Hunoary. 8:43.76 New 3: 1. 

Sennany.a5.97 ft USSR. 8:16.18; 
ft Canada. 82.61:4 .Mkoco.84004 

Somerset v Surrey 


Surrey (2pts) 

A R ButCtwrcend b Marks ~ 
G S CSncoo c Felton b Taylor 

MWHtongon notout 
J Stetmons b Rice 




- 70 

A J S®w«t t) Taylor ... 

ey&x b Botham 15 

not out. 

.135 DJ Makreon bRfca 

□ M Ward few b Gamer. 
OJ Thomas not out 

txnw(fe3. wfl 

Ejoras{bl.tol4. w4) 

Total P93 overs) 

FALL OF WlCKETS:1^1ft M0.4-104, 
S-1B1. 6-183^7-201 , B-201. 94206, 1CW11. 
B0WuNG3ax8by IJraenOra 

Ung B-1-32-2: Ewma WM8-0: Rice 73-1- 
2S4; Hwiwwigs 8-0-54-0. 

Umreres: K E Palmer end B Dudtoston 

_ Total (5 wtes.38 evore) . 


R J Doughty. S T CtoritS. *P I POCOCK. A 
Needham dm not bet 
FALL OF WICKETS; 1-1ia 2-1 1ft 3-1» 
4-162. 5-168. 

BOWUNG: Gamer 6-1-2S-1; Richards 5- 
021-0; Botham 6-0-48-1: Mert» 8-0-33-1; 
Taytor 8-0-41-2: Palmer 3-0-29-0. 


A Richards. B C Rose. I T Bot ham , V j 
Mate, fT Gent G V Palmer, j Gamer. N 

Umpires: C Cook and J W HoUar 

Warwick nnder-25 

S eat a nte 

LEAMINGTON: Surrey 241 lor tox (R 
McNamara 77. Z£a<*} 591: Mtarwfcfcehire 
123 tor nine (K Mediyoon One lor 24L 
Surrey won by 1 18 runs. 

WMWOGE YortaWre 172 far nine (D 
; MUdtosex 170 far seven (A R 
70L Yoitahee won tv two rua. 

Total <3 wkte) 

E J Gray, ti D S Smith. J G BraceweiL u a 

Surma E J Chetfield and 8 J Garres to 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-57, 2-57, 3-66. 

GLAMORGAN: rtrst Inrtnns 
J A Hopkins c Smith b Bracewefil^. 142 
*H Morris c Gray bSwitoO — — — — 0 
ALJoneacJ J Done b Chatteld ... 16 

G C Holmes st Smith b Gray — 74 

M P Maynard c Bracewoll b Chetfield 16 

JDamcknotoui 2fi 

P Cottey not out .9 

Extras (th 7, nb 13) — • 


Toml p wkts dec) 303 

J G Thomas. fT Davies. P D North and S R 
Berwick rtd not bat. 

FAU. OF WICKETS'- 1-7. ft51 . 3-231. 4- 

BOWUNG: Swung 1M0I 

SLO: Chetfield 22^-38* Gray 1WV1J 

51-1: Barrett W»- 

~ray 18-5-81-1,- 
Bracewtol 234-88-1; Coney ^4-1-0; M D 

Crowe 334-23-0. 

Umpres: B ItoedPra te r 

and D S 





















































b 1 



























c : 














gives the 
two-horse race 
fresh kick 

By Give White 



With a summer break as 
foreshortened as this one. 
there was no reason to believe 
that things should be any 
different from last season. 
And so it proved in the 
General Motors Charity 
Shield at Wembley on Sat- 
urday (for all Everton's 
strange new laces) as the two 
Merseyside favourites raced 
stride for stride towards the 
finishing line almost certainly 
not for the last time this 

The moment Dalglish 
Joined this quality stalemaie 
m the 65th minute we were 
reminded of just how little life 
has changed as he shook up 
Liverpool with the same 
marked improvement as a 
racehorse whose apprentice 
had been swapped for Piggott 
with a couple of furlongs to ga 

Though they momentarily 
slipped behind to an auda- 
ciously taken eightieth-minute 
goal by Heath, they deservedly 
forced a dead heal with two 
minutes remaining when the 
forces of Dalglish and Rush, 
the two-goal hero of the FA 
Cup Final three months ear- 
lier, produced a fitting climax. 
The Welshman instinctively 
accepted Dalglish's driven 
cross, swiping it past Mimms 
in one lethal stroke. Rush's 
annual goal haul had begun. 

The trouble Liverpool bad 
replacing Souness will be dou- 
bled when this pair eventually 
move on; Rush to his waiting 
pot of gold in Italy at the end 
of the season, Dalglish perma- 
nently to the bench. He spent 
65 minutes there on Saturday 
until he could contain himself 
no longer, coming on to 
replace the plodding Mac- 
Donald. How unusually 
gratifying it must be for a 
manager to be able physically 
to right the wrongs that tor- 
ment his counterparts . 

But for how much longer 

can Dalglish, at 35, be so 
blessed? He says that he 
cannot afford to pick anyone 
on sentiment, including him- 
self; and adds modestly that 
Liverpool have in the past 
played well without him and 
badly with him. Someone 
should have defied him to 
name those occasions, 
particularly the latter. His 
impact on Saturday's game 
was felt from his first touch, 
an aggressive, positive ball 
struck behind the Everton full 
back which put Jobuston in 
where it hurts. 

The fizzy Liverpool winger- 
cum-mid fielder narrowly lost 
the man of the matcfa award to 
Everton's Steven, a player of 
the same ilk. It was encourag- 
ing to see a World Cup 
traveller performing with such 
zest after only a three-week 
break from the game because 
of a dub tour as wdL 

Impressive during that tour 
and again on Saturday was the 
tall, sturdy Langley, signed 
recently from Wigan for 
£120,000. Howard Kendall, 
the Everton manager, seems 
to have spent his holidays at 
the summer sales, strengthen- 
ing his squad and possibly the 
team after the departure of 
Lineker to Barcelona for £2.75 

Kendall's decision not to 
buy a replacement for the 
England star seems to have 
been vindicated by Heath, 
who was on the point of 
leaving Goodison Park last 
season because of his inability 
to command a first-team 
place. He was voted best 
player in one of Everton's pre- 
season tournaments and, 
comforted with a new four- 
year contract, he and Sharp 
worked together on Saturday 
against the redoubtable Han- 
sen and Lawrenson in a way 
that suggested they had never 
been apart. 

Before a serious injury to 
Heath two seasons ago Ken- 
dall considered his liaison 
with Sharp the most for- 
midable in the country. His 

Gall oping on in the Charity Stakes: Dalglish at full rein. (Photograph: Frank Herrmann) 
goal was typically full of Adams, signed from Stoke, lion if the divided opinions of 


impudence, pouncing on a 
ball while others pondered, 
before sweeping it confidently 
past Hooper, a substitute for 
Grobbelaar. who had to leave 
the field after 57 minutes with 
a stomach strain which may 
yet delay his League start 
Kendall must have been 
particularly cheered to see a 
team with Reid, BraceweQ, 
Southall, Stevens, MountfiekL, 
Van den Hauwe and Pointon 
fi gh t their way back into 
contention after a dodgy start 
Those reliable deputies. 
Richardson and notably 
Harper, were as able as ever 
and most of the new feces, 
including a familiar one, too, 
in Manchester City's former 
captain. Power, aquitted 
themselves admirably, though 

was understandably over- 
awed by it all during his 25- 
minute spell as substitute. 
Kendall will probably need 
another look at the big, quick 
young Liverpudlian centre 
back, Marshall, before decid- 
ing whether to return to the 

No doubt Everton's overall 
appearance will be much the 
same as usual in the coining 
weeks, as will that of Liver- 
pool, who, in the absence of 
the injured Nicol, gave Veni- 
son, their only bigsuxnmer 
signing, his debut 

Whether the two teams 
produced sufficient excite- 
ment and enterprise to tempt 
more of those five milli on live 
viewers out of their armchairs 
this winter was open to ques- 

the television pundits were 
anything to go by. Certainly 
both sides played too much 
offside for anybody’s liking. 

A change of casts would be 
no bad tiling but the 
streamlining of the League 
makes thallesslikely. With the 
Merseysiders spending hun- 
dreds of thousands of pounds 
merely to strengthen their 
squads, what chance do the 
others have? 

LIVERPOOL; B Grobbelaar (sub: C 
Hooper); B Venison, J Beg&n, M 
Lawrenson, R Whelan, A Hansen, S 
McMahon, C Johnston, I Rush, J 
Molby, K MacDonald (sub, K 

EVERTON: R Mimms; A Harper, P 
Power, K Ratcfiffe, I Marshal. K 
Langley, T Steven, A Heath, G 
Sharp, K Richardson, K Sheedy 
(sub, N Adams, sub, P W9dnson). 
Referee: N Midgley (Manchester). 

Celtic setting the standard 

The late goal scored by Mau- 
rice Johnston to give Celtic a 1-0 
victory over Clydebank has 
already shortened the odds on 
the Scottish champions retain- 
ing the premier division title 
after only three matches from 
13-8 to 6-*. 

While they never discovered 
real form at tight Kilbowie Park 
and lacked inventiveness during 
the near 90-minute siege on the 
Gydebank goal, their display of 
strength and pace was impres- 
sive enough to show why they 
are the side every other aspirant 
will have to overcome this year. 

Yet sympathy went out to the 
gallant and well-organized home 
defence which faltered only in 
the 87th minute when what had 
previously been a sleeping 
partnership of Johnston and 
Brian McClair woke up to 
manufacture a simple goal, 
Johnston heading into the oet 
from his partner’s cross. 

In contrast to Celtic's bright 

By Hugh Taylor 

start as the only major dub with 
full points. Rangers continued 
to stumble. A near-capacity 
crowd of 44,000 at fbrox was 
stunned when, only two minutes 
from the end, Redford, a former 
Rangers player, scored the win- 
ning goal for Dundee United. 
Yet Rangers, playing splendid 
football, had lead 2-0 at half 
time, thanks to fine goals scored 
by McCoist United adopted a 
more positive attitude in the 
second half, as the expensively 
constructed Rangers defence 
collapsed and Galiacher paved 
United's way to a dramatic 
recovery with two goals before 
Redford completed Rangers' 

A troubled week lies ahead for 
Graeme Souness. Not only has 
the player-manager seen his club 
slump from the position of joint 
favourites for the title to third 
choice, but be feces an SFA 
disciplinary committee tomor- 
row following bis sending-off 
against Hibernian. 

Aberdeen have become sec- 
ond favourites for the champ- 
ionship after a comfortable 2-0 
win at Pittodrie over Hamilton 
Academicals, with Stark scoring 
both goals and Connor, trans- 
ferred from Dundee days earlier, 
providing promising touches. 
Hamilton, who are still without 
a point, are finding life in the 
premier divisison just as diffi- 
cult as they had anticipated and 
so are Falkirk, tire other new- 
comers, who were beaten 1-0 by 
Heart of Midlothian at 
TynecastJe, Watson scoring in 
toe 84th minute. 

Hibernian have faltered after 
their dramatic win over Rangcra 
and they were beaten 3-0 by 
improving Dundee. The new- 
comers, Ferguson, from Rang- 
ers. and Angus, from Aberdeen, 
were in fine form, both scoring. 
Harvey was the other 
marksman. Yet another late 
goal, a penalty scored by 
Walker, enabled Motherwell to 
draw 1-1 with St Mirren. 

Tottenham close 
in on Gough 

Richard Gough, the Dundee 
United defender, was expected 
to sign for Tottenham Hotspnr 
last night to- a fee of around 
£650,000. With the two dubs 
haring agreed a price for the 
Scotland international, ft only 
remained for the player to agree 
t erm s with the Loudon dob. 

Capped 26 times, Gough, aged 
24, played in all three of 
Scotland's World Cop 
this summer where be 
impressed David Pleat tire 
Tottenham manager, who was 
working in Mexico as a tele- 
vision commentator. 

Gough’s last match to Dun- 
dee United was Saturday's 3-2 
win over Glasgow Rangers at 
Ibrox. Graeme Souness, the 
Rangers manager, had also been 
keen to sign the versatile defend- 
er, bat United were reluctant to 
sell to another Scottish dnb. 
Consequently, Souness turned 

his attentions to Terry Butcher, 
tiie Ipswich and England centre- 
half (and Tottenham' s summer 
target) and the English dub 
turned their attentions north of 
the border.. 

Born in Stockholm, ft a 
Swedish mother, Gough- was 
broug h t up in Sooth Africa. He 
moved to Scotland in 1980 and, 
alter being turned down by 
Rangers, signed to Dundee 
United. He wfl] be tire second 
member of the Gongh family to 
play in London — his father, 
Charlie, played to Charlton. 

Tottenham lar k ed a top-class 
defender last season and Gough, 
together with another new sign- 
ing, Mitchell Thomas, the for- 
mer Luton fall-hack, would 
undoubtedly strengthen then- 
attempt to win the first division 
title: All being well be should 
make his debut in the opening 
match at Aston Villa next 


Team and individual domination by Dutch 

After five days of happy, 
friendly competition on Ascot 
racecourse and in Windsor 
Great Park. Tjerd Velstra, the 
Dutch champion, has regained 
the world championship, which 
he lost to Laszlo Jubasz. of 
Hungary, in 1984. 

Velstra and Ijsbrand 
Chardon. his team-mate, won 
the team gold medal for the 
Netherlands by 35 points from 

Theo WeusthofT. the third 
member of The Netherlands 
team, whose score was not 
needed since only the best two 

By a Special Correspondent 

count confirmed the decisive 
Dutch victory by finishing sev- 
enth of the 41 starters from 
twelve nations. 

Hungary have the team silver 
medal on the strength of the 
scores of their two ex-world 
champions, Lazio Juhasz and 
Gyorgy Bard os. who finished 
third and fourth respectively, 
and the team bronze medal went 
to West Germany. 

The United States team relied 
on the scores of Mrs De indie 
Pine and William Long, driving 

Finn Caspersen's horses, since 
their third member injured him- 
self while walking the course just 
before the first competition, and 
finished in fourlh place ahead of 
Great Britain. The British team 
suffered misfortune when 
George Bowman had to retire 
from the marathon with a horse 
apparently suffering from colic. 

The Duke of Edinburgh was 
in sixth place after his presenta- 
tion and dressage but dropped 
to 20th after a steady trouble- 
free marathon. Pieter Mum and 
Alwyn Holder carried British 

hopes in Bowman's ab- 
and finii 


sence and finished 19th and 21st 
respectively. Mark Weston, the 
youngest British competitor, 
competing as an individual with 
new horses ibis year, saved 
Britain's reputation by finishing 
twelfth, ahead of many more- 
experienced drivers. 

This has been a happy, well 
run championship in which only 
the performance of the British 
team has been below average. As 
host nation we seem courteously 
to have conceded the laurels to 
our guests. 


Charity Shield 


Scottish premier division 







0 (01 
i m 
0 (0) M8ERMM* 


1 ( 1 ) 8 TMHHBI 


Scottish first division 

«W»E (1) 1 0 (0) DUMBARTON 

CLVDE (2) 3 3 (1| EASTRFE 

FORFAR (It 3 1 (tj KHMARtfCK 

•*o«reooe di 3 i (i) pardgx 

MORTON <C) 0 1 <0) 

ON of SOUTH (1) a 0 (0) 

Scottish second tfivision 




1.1 1 

s jj - \ 

1,1 1 


$£$ i’l 



(ftristoie Bassoon a Kingsbury ft 
Bracknell 2. Lewes 1 ; Epsom and BmHI. 
Wembley 1; Finchley 3. Walton and 

Horsham 0; Han*rion 1. Bitter >cay ft 

Laytoranne atom 5 . Maidenhead i: 
SouttiwK* a Layton Wngato 1: Statnog a 
Bantam WoodO: TflbuiyO. Oxford 0*3: 
uxbrktaa ft Gran Ath ft Stevenage Boro 
2. LMtnerhead 0. Second division north : 

AVflley ft Wotvsrton 1: De tth amsted 0. 

CoSar Row ft Chesham 1, Rafnham ft 

CaJpKm ft Barton R 0 

Harogey Bora 5, Roysion 0 , 

Harlow 1. Ware 3 (« Ware); 

Cheshunt ft Heybrtdge Swifts ft Hamel 
Hempstol; torch ivtt ft LethworthGC 

1: Saffron Walden ft Tring ft Vandal 
Motors 0. Wivenhoe 3. Second dMsion 

south: Camteretoy 1, Rockwell Heath ft 

Dotting 1 . enstsey 1; Egham 2, Met 

PUUC82; Haretwd 1, FeWtatn 0; Hor sha m 

0. Hunerfoto I; Motesey 0, Rusfip Manor 

ft Newbury 1. Eastbourne 1; SouttaS 3, 
Peiersfiefd 1 (at Brentford FC); 


1. Gloucester C . 

Hovers 1. Southern dMsfen Andover 1, 

Thanet 2: Canterbury C 3, Gravesend and 

Northflett 1; Corinthtan 0, WUtorioovito 2; 

Dorchester 0, DunstablB 2; Dow Ath 2. 

Burratam and Hlfngdon ft Hastens T 1, 

" ^ “ lie 0, Chatham 

1 . 

trincham I. Bath 1; Dagenham 3. 
Nonnwicn 3 ; Enflefd 1. Gateshead 1; 

0. Medstorn 2: KMtommtt* 0. 

Barnet 3; Nuneaton 3. Scarborough ft 
Runcorn 3 . Boston UW l; Sutton Ua ft 
Telford a WeeUstone 0, Stafford 3: 

Cheltenham ft Weymouth ft 

name Batting ft WoWngham ft Car- 
shaBon 1 . Hayes a Dulwteti3, St Atoms 1; 
Famtjorougft ft Bognor 4; Harrow 0, 
Kingstoman ft ffictan t. Bromley a 
Slough l . W att t ia m at ow ft Tooting and 
MRcnam 3. Windsor and Eton ft Worming 
a Bishops Stonford fi: Wycombe 3. 

Croydon I; Yeovil 2. Hendon 1. Ffrat 

wig^wtaftO^tont 9t Peter * WcMnjj 

MULTIPART LEAGUE: Barrow ft South 

Liverpool 2; Burton 3, Workington 1; 

Buxton t. Marine a Caernarfon I, 

Mscdssfleid 1; Gainsboro 

1: Horwfcti ft Matm* 4; 

Ertt) and Belvedere 1; Poof I 

1: Shappw ft Rutefip 1; Tc 

Woodford a Trowbridge 2. Ashford 


dMstan: Abingdon 3. S up ermartee ft 

Fairford I. wSngford ft Moreton 1. 
Rayners Lane 1 ; Morris Motors 1 . ybh 1: 

Sharpness 3. Abingdon 1; Shortwood 5. 

Bceoar ft Theme 1. Part 5: viking 

Sports ft Pegasus Jun 4; Wantage ft 

Hounslow 2. First AMme Bishop s 

Oeeve*. KMbutyRaroerai: Carterton ft 

Avon Bradford ft CMenham Sarac ft 

Qrencester 1; Cheltenham 2, Hjghwoiif) 

£ Chppxiq Norton O.Lambeum Sports ft 
Didcot 1. Piston a Eastegton Sports 1, 
Ba dmin to n Pickaxe 5: KuSngtOn 4. 
Almondsixxy Greenway 2. 


Weybndge ft Ash lltd ft Chtpstead ft 

Goflalmmg a Cobham 1. Mersttam 1; 

Arg ft Frame a Sattash 3, 
1: Torrinaon 3. 
ft Tiverton 1, Portway 


Pillar dMeluH. AimUiape 1 . ABreten a 

Betper 0, Long Eaton 3r Berrdey VW ft 

Rhyl 1; Mosstey 1, Bangor City 
Oswestry 1, Work s op ft Southport 
Hyde 2 WKthn 2, Gooie 1. 


Ahmchurdi 1 , Cravrteyl; Basingstoke 2, 

toby ft Ca mbridge City 1 , Wftrthaf £ 
Cbtemstort 11 , Redd itch ft Dardord 1. 

Aylesbtxv ft Faraham 3, Bedworth 1j 

Gpeportft Dudley ftSafetxxy 1. fisherS; 

Shepshed 1, Fofcestona ft Witney 1. 
ftWKgrwB a woraeser a King Lym a 
MMtan d CM — E MstOT 1 . Banbury T; 
Btekmgham 1 , Hednestera a Coventry 

Sporting 1. wettngborough ft Forest 

Green Hovers 1. (VarrthamT; Leanxnoton 
0. Stourtxrdge 2: Mwttiyr Tydfil 3. 
Hateowen 5: Moor Green ft Leicester 2; 

Chohham 1: Vlrgmia Water 0. Malden 6. 

LEAGUE: Premier dM teorc_AmptttH 1 . 

Desboraugti a Me say ft Stamford 3; 

Bakfockz. N o tB ia mpto n Spencer ft 

St Naots t. S and L Corby a Spateng a 
Wootton ft StttWd ft Bourne f- 


mier MtaK Barrage J, instock 3; 

Chard ft Bristol C ft Chippenham ft 

Taunton 1; Oeredon 2. Dawlish 0; 
Exmouth 1, Bristol Manor Farm 1; 

Uskaara Ath 2. Ctendown 0: MeKshamt 1 . 

BKleford 3. Pautton 1. Mkieheod 1: 

North Ferriby ft ThaeWey ft Bnfey 2. 


vtaiort: Bedmon Social 2 St 1 

2 Bovtngdon 1 J and M 

Coddosters l Sut Sports ft Cohey Heath 

euavemten Heap 1,-Leveram* Green 1, 

Wingae 3; London Coteey 5, Patters Bar 
Crus ft Mount Grace 2, Park Street ft 
Rofefloyee 4. Sandrfdge R 3. 


Premtar dhrMoo: CrantleM 1, Pkton 1; 

Knebvnrth o, Tottemhoe 1; Langfod 1 . 

Winslow a MBton Keynes Bom ft 
Hoddeson a swmwon I, Welwyn Gar- 
den etty 1 : St*y Orenoidl; 61 PC 4, 
New Bradvw# St Peter 1. 

t e rttar Beacot afi ald ft CtarCasuate ft 
Beckton 5, losses ft Brimsdown R 1. 
Edgware a Denson 0, Baridngsida ft 
Hanwed ft Crown and Manor ft Pennant 
ft RedhUI ft Vesting ft Soutbgteo Ath ft 


LEAGUE: First dMafcn: Aaategion Stan- 

Iey4. St Helena a Curran Ashton ft 

Ktkby 2: Eastwood Haney 1 . Stetytxicka 

Cehic ft Gtossop 2. Congteton ft ktemft 

Buracough 1: Leek ft Fleetwood Z. 

Levjand Motors 0. Cftheroe 1; f4etherbeld 
0. RadtSffa Borough 6; Penrith 4. Bootle 
1: Rossendele 0. mnafotd 1. 

RUSH CUP: BaUymena 3. Dundeta ft 

cmtonvuio 0. Rtx: a coterakw 3. Lame ft 

Crusades 4. Newry 1 ; OisoOery 0. UnfieU 

ft Gtenavon 4. Ards ft Gfereoran ft 
Bangor 1: Portadown 1. Carrick 1. 






Irish continue 
to spring 

Amsterdam (Beater) — The 
reigaiug champions. The 
Netherlands, book control of 
their group in the women's 
World Cop yesterday, while h 
the other pool the awfanded 
Irish continued to 


Sophie von Wefier scored 
three brilliant goals as the 
Dutch, holders of the Olympic 
and European crowns as weft 
beat RngianH 5-1 and went a 
point dear of Australia, their 
nearest Pool A rivals. 

Bat in Fool B Ireland followed 
np their draw yesterday with 
West Germany, the Olympic 
stiver medal winnexs, by bolding 
the powerful Soviet team to a 
Hi rilling 3-3 draw. The Irish 
went a goal down in jnst 10 
seconds without so much as 
touching the ball bat bounced 
back through penalty corner 
goals from Mary Barnwell to 
lead briefly before Natella 
Kraa nikg v a levelled the scores. 

Early in the second half 
Caroline Fasco put Ireland in 
front again but as the game drew 
(0 a dose Krasnticova scored a 

sdo goal to and ensae tbe draw. 

The end of the second round 
saw the Soviet Union heading 
Pool B with New Zealand in 
second place, while West Ger- 
many, with many world-class 
players ie their side, lay second 
from bottom. 

The United States, who cap- 
tured the bronze medal at the 
Olympic Games, compounded 
their defeat by the Russians by 
losing 2-1 to the physical New 
Zealanders, thus anchoring 
themselves in bottom place. 

Canada were the mdocky side 
of the day, dictating their game 
Australia for long pm- 
but losing to two fijit-half 
penalty comer goals scored 
the ran of play by 

High price 

The £200.000 transfer tag on 
Imre Varadi, the West 
Bromwich Albion .forward, has 

forced Sheffield United out of 

the bidding. 


Hinault is 
ready to 
make his 

From John Wilcockson 
VaU, Colorado 

Going into yesterday's crucial 
lime-trial op tiie vail Pass. 
9.500 feet up in the Rocky 
Mountains, the Coors Inter- 
national Classic was developing 
into a battle between Greg 
LeMond and Bernard Hinauli. 
the Tour de France protagonists, 
and .Andrew Hampsten. 

The overnight race leader, 
surprisingly, was Jeff Pierce, 
aged 28. from California, who 
turned professional less than 
two months ago. Pierce took the 
lead on Friday when he was one 
of 14 riders who gained four 
minutes on the main field at the 
end of die so-called Tour of the 
Moon stage at Grand Junction. 

It wasa tactically fought stage, 
controlled by the Levi's team of 
Anderson and Hampsten and 
Red Zinger team of LeMond 
and HinaulL The big losers were 
the former joint race l ea d er s. 
Doug Shapiro, of the 7-Eleven 
team and Dag-Otto Lauritzen, 
of Norway — neither of whom 
could follow the pace set by 
Hampsten and LeMond on the 
second ascent of the aptly- 
named Cold Shiveis Hill in the 
lunar-type landscape of the 
Colorado National Monument 

On Saturday, Raul Alcala 
defeated Steve Bauer, of Can- 
ada. to win the 60-mile eighth 
stage at the delightful Alpine 
resort of Aspen. The Mexican, 
aged 22, began a spectacular 
chase six taps from the end of 
the 30-lap raced to bridge a 70- 
second gap to a strong five-man 
break, and then attacked with 
Bauer on the circuit's one climb. 

Pierce retained his overall 
lead, but Hinault was only five 
seconds behind and threatening 
10 add the red-and-white Coors 
Classic leader's jersey to his 
collection of yellows and pinks 
from five victorious Tours de 
France and three tours of Italy. 

In the women's section of the 
race, Jeannie Longo, the world 
champion, of France, was hold- 
ing a strong lead after only 90 
miles of raring. Two second 
places and a victory in the 
Aspen stage put her more than 
one minute ahead of Maria 
Canins, the Italian, and recent 
winner of the Tour de France 
Feminin, while Marianne 
Berglund, of Sweden, and Inga 
Thompson, of the United 
States, were the only others in 
contention.The best of the four 
British ridexs has been dare 
Greenwood, from Cardiff, who 
was holding 14th place, just over 
four minutes behind Longo. 

RESULTS: IHk Swrartb Steg« JTourrt 
the Moon. 83 mflest 1. A van der Pool 
(NetttL 3lr Wmin 22sec 2. P Anderson 

(Aus): 3, J Bernard (Fr). bote same time: 4, 

T Rogers (US), at 2sec 5. D Konyshev 
(USSR), 20. Eighte Stage (Aspen craat. 
60 mitek 1 . RAkalaWwft Wtt ft S 
Bauer (Can), same Dm* ft O Penney 
(US), at 3sec 4. Koynshev. ft 5. Van der 
PoeL same tree. OrereB poattmc L J 

_ J .^.. (Axis). 49: 7. J Kuum (Kta). IHS; 
ft A Ham p s ten JUS). 1:10. Womere FW 
Stage: (Grand juteton. 48 mBfisk 1. M 
Berglund (Swe). 2hr 04min Ifeee ft J 
Longo (Ft), same dme: ft M Caras (tft te 
3ae4, l Schenk (USL Wft Sagad 
Stage: (Aspen to Maroon BeHs, 38 maes): 
•iVlongo, 1:3058; ft I KolesnlCDva 
(USSR): ft Cartes, both same time: 4, V 
Lafargue (FW. 6. Overa* position* 1. 
Longo. 350:17; ft Carans. X Idftft 
Berglund. 4J Thompson JUSLftOft 

5. S EHers (US). 3££ ft G l&syke 
(USSR). 3fi& 


New Zealand’s 
rebels are 
back in the fold 

By Paul Martin 

Tea of Ihe New Zealand squad 
which toured Sooth Afria this 
year in defiance of (heir own 
Union and of the International 

Rngby Board have been selected 
for tira second international 
against Australia this Saturday. 

They will coastitnte the entire 
forward pack, together with two 
of the backs. Gaig Green, who 
scored three tries in 
Canterbury's 30-10 win over the 
Australians oa Saturday, and 
Warwick Tayto, a centre. The 
forwards are Gary Knight* Hika 
Reid, Steve McDowell, Murray 
Piewe, Gary Whetton, Jock 
Hobbs (who captained the team 
three times against the Spring- 
boks), Alan Whetton, Murray 
Pierce and Wayne Shelford. 

Their incfostai is causing 
concern, . even alarm, within 
world rngby, raising as H does 
the possibility lhat some nations 
may withdraw from the inaugu- 
ral World Cup in New Zealand 
and Australia next year rather 
than compete against the 

A number of Third World 
nations may now come under 
political pressure not to cake 
their long-awaited place in the 
rugby limelight. In the British 
Isles, doubts ova* whether to 
taite part have surfaced most 
forcefully in Ireland, where a 
division of opinion exists drat 
largely pits those from Eire 
against the N o rt he r n ers. Many 
English and Scottish rugby 
representatives are also in a 

The return of the "rebels’* has 
distressed Mr Harry 
McKibbena, who as chairman of 
the IB's emergency committee 
had been charged with in- 

vestigating the circumstances 
surrounding the unauthorized 
tour. "It has rendered our work 
almost pointless,” he said. 
There was universal surprise at 
the lightness of the t*o*match 
ban imposed on the players 
earlier this year as punishment 

for touring South Africa, and at 
the continued role of Cofin 
Meads, who managed the rebel 
team, as one of the three 
national selectors. ■ 

However, New Zealand's 
rugby president, Mr Ross 
Thomas, maintained that* the 
players could stifl be hatred 
from future internationals. He 
insisted that an investigation 
into whether die players had 
breached their amateur status 
was still being "actively 
pursued”. The NZRFU wit ( 
asking players to provide them’ 
with more information than was 
contained in their original writ- 
ten statements. 

It is the prospect, however 
remote, of further disciplinary 
action, that is being hehl out by 
World Cnp organizers as a good 
reason for rugby nations to 
vrithold judgement. Mr John 
KendaU-Gurpenter. of England, 
who has jnst returned from the 
Antipodes on a World Cup 
mission, said the two-match 
suspension should be seen as 
”an hors d 'oeuvre” before what 
he hoped would be the main 
meal — banning if found guilty of 
profess kmalism . He said the 
New Zealanders woe having to 
move "gingerly'* to fear of legal 
writs by the players. 

TEAM: G Cooper J Ktam, J Staten, c 
Green, W faytoc F Bodes, D Kkk 
(cm pt£nt W Shvtford. A Wtcttea N 
KresTGWhstlon, J Hobbs, G KnigfaLH 
Raid, S McOowsIL 


Indulgence pressed 
by Frontrunner 

By Barry PickthaU 

Following their impressive 
win in the first inshore race for 

the Three-quarter Ton Cup in 
Totfray, Graham Walker and his 
crew continued to make the 
front running in the long- 
offshore race from Torquay. 

Indulgence, the Daniel And- 
rieu-designcd yacht, was first to 
round Wolf Rock lighthouse 
guarding the Stilly Isles yes- 
terday. However, with Front- 
runner, the Danish entry, 
second, closely followed by 
Robert Bottomley's DecosoL 
the outcome for double points 
of this 335-mile race taking the 
fleet back to Plymouth before 
heading up Channel to round 
EC1... midway between Poole 
and Cherbourg and turning back 
to Torquay, is still far from 

The lighthouse keeper, who 
reported light north-easterly 
winds, opposed to the Wester- 
lies still blowing off Torquay 
yesterday, timed the leaders 
around 105 minutes ahead of 
Applecore arid Smoky Bear, the 
British tafl-enders. 

Better placed was Tony 
Fitton's Scenario, in sixth place. 

but other home-based boats- 
were less impressive. 

The aptly-named Frontrun- 
ner, one of nine almost identical 
production yachts designed by 
Niels Jeppesou, the Danish 
skipper, had been judged above 
the line at the start of Friday’s 
first race, but was later re- 
instated to second place after the 
international jury cast doubts 
on the race officer's derision 
after hearing inconclusive ev- 
idence from the spotter position 
at the leeward end of the line. 

Frontrunner failed to answer 
the recall and had a penalty been 
incurred this- would have cer- 
tainly blighted their chances of 
winning. But now this highly 
competitive “works crew” stand 
a good chance of repealing their 
recent success at the One Ton 

• Roger et Galiet, the 75-foot 
French catamaran skippered by. 
Eric Loizeau, capped a success-' 
fill week’s raring in the 
Southampton mulUhufi grand 
prix on Saturday by further 
improving their record by 27 
seconds for rounding the Isle of 
Wight to 3hr42min OSsec. 


Becker finalist again 

Toronto (Reuter) — Boris 
Becker, playing an unusual base- 
line game, defeated Jonathan 
Canter, an unseeded American, 
7-6. 7-6 in Geneva on Saturday 
to advance to the final of the 
Player's International 
Championship. It is Becker's 
second final in two weeks, 
having lost in straight sets to 
Ivan Lendl, the top-ranked 
Czech, in a Grand Prix tour- 
nament in Vermont 

In the other semi-final Stefan 
Edberg. the in-form Swede, 
crushra Christo Steyn, the un- 
seeded South African, 6-1, 6-2 in 
just 50 minutes. 

Only two hours before, Steyn 
had beaten Kevin Curren, the 
No 15 seed, 7-6, 7-6 in a quarter- 

final match postponed from the 
previous day because of 
thunderstorms. Those earlier 
exertions dearly contributed to 
the downfall of Steyn. who at 
one stage lost 16 points in 

Edberg. the 20-year-old 
Australian Open champion, has 
failed to defeat Becker on any of 
the last three occations they 
have met. But they ha ve afl been 
closely contested affairs and he 
said: “I am in good shape now 
and if I play well I can beat 

RESULTS: Oinrtwtewte: C Steyn (SA) U 
K Curren (US) 7-6. 7-& SanMtealK B 
Becker. West Germany, beet J Center, 
(US) 7-6. 7-ftS Edberg (stare) beat C Steyn 
(SA) 6-1. 8-2. 

Old firm in final 

Manhattan Beach (AP) — 
Martina Navratilova and Chris 
Lloyd moved smoothly into yet 
another final confrontation in 
the S250.000 (£180.000) Vir- 
ginia Slims tournament in Los 

Miss Navratilova, the top 
seed, scored a 7-6, 6-1 victory 
over Helena Sukova, the fifth 
seed from Czechoslovakia, 
while Mrs Lloyd quickly strode 
past Pam Shnver, her fellow 
American, 6-4, 6-4, Only Miss 
Navratilova had any difficulty 

securing victory as Miss Sukova 
missed five break points in the 
eighth game of the first set. But 
then the world No 1 hit her best 
form in the tie-break for a 7-2 
win and then used her serve- 
and-volley game to devastating 
effect in the final set. 

Mrs Lloyd, however, contin- 
ued to show her mastery over 
Shriver, the fourth seed, hitting 
a stream of winners from the 
baseline as she moved through 
to. meet Miss Navratilova in yet 
another confrontation between 
the world’s two top players. 



Tour match 

SWANSEA: Glamorgan v New 


Britannic Aauranca . 

County Paraph— hip 
(11.0, 110 overs irinimuni) - 

CHESTERFIELD: Derbyshire v 




LORD’S: Middlesex v Hampshire 

TRENT BRIDGE: Nottinghamshire V 


TAUNTON: Somerset v Surrey 
HOVE: Sussex v Kent 
NUNEATON: Warwickshire v 
Glou cest e rshire - 

WORCESTER: Worcestershire v 

Young cricketers' inter na tion al 
BRISTOL: England v Sri Lanka 
Toft CtwsWra » mount mupc 
Cumbartand v NorteumbMnft cant 
C&mbfOxforasMre v Dorset 



Rr*t reumt: SaBttury v TrowtaWga: 

Cortiy v KtegaLym: Hednesford v Moor 



vWon: Croydon v Yeorifc Wafthamatanre v 

Bognor Regis. Second dMsion north: 
Royston v mnfbw. 

LEAGUE: flrai Aim: Wtestod v 
Wham. ' ' - ' 

mtardMMn: Taunton vBamstapis. 


TOBMfc KMogg a city cense race (re 

OOLfe Wriah professionals champion- 
ship <Bt Whfchtircty: Burt* (airily 

WWW ctmmptoraMps (at 

SPEEOWAY: BrtSait laagur Resting v 

Wohm. National League: New c as tle v 


TEW&PrudonW junior champfamships 
(at Eastbourne). 

• . Gary Hamilton, 
Middlesbrough's former Scot- 
tish youth international, has 
turned down a move to 
Chariton Athletic. 


Italian makes 
with third title 

Stefan ia Croce became the 
first Italian (o win the British 
girls championship at West 
Kilbride yesterday, her superior 
short game overwhelming Sarah 
Bennett, of Colchester. 5 and 4. 

Miss Croce, aged 16, whose 
fatter is a professional in MUao, 
did not lose a bole in the final 
and single patted six tixnes ft 
add this championship to the 
Italian and Spanish junto tides. 
She intends to turn professional 
in three years' time. 

The Italian began nervously 
with some early mid hooks but 
quickly settled fare a rhy th m 
when she holed from 12 feet at 
the second hole. She the? 
stretched her lead at the long 
seventh, where an exquisite little 
chip rimmed the hole. 

Miss Bennett, who caused the 

upset of the semi-finals by 
beating Susan Shapcott, the 
holder. 3 and 2, then saw her 
short game fall apart, taking an 
untidy three strokes from short 
range at both the 11 th and 13th. 
The delighted Miss Owe, who 
was given a far harder fight by 
Cornelius, of Tunbridge WettS, 
on Saturday before registering* 
2 and 1 victory, then Hushed the 

match on (he 14th with the only 
birdie of the final and the* 
declared:”!^ the greatest win et 
my career ” • 

RESULTS: SrenMteaiK S CTOC* m MN- 
Jtofiwfiw (NovRf), 2 and 1; S tameu 

SdftnS Sm bt8SS«S ! >!?<- 


Beveren (AP) - British to- 
ward David Fairdough. the 
former Liverpool forward. b*s 
signed for Beveren SK, of ti* 
Belgian first division. It will be 
Fairdough's second spell 00 the 
continent— he spent two seasons 
jritti Lucerne before joinmg 
Oldham Athletic last-season- 


frntiMd from ! 




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Jack in a 

Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

BBC 1 

*-"■*** ‘•-V- 
«<•'.> ... . 

f - **--*~ni* .. 



%= fc» ; . u 4 
* *• 1 • . 

- - V- 

'*r* < j •- . 

■•tl vv 

'&■ £ a S 4 . ... 

W » 


W * till .1. 
»' *» * . 

' ‘“i f- {., 

** i " 

I s - ■ • .-. . 

’* •»>» .. J 

* *4*. . 

^ - 

*\ t * J U' t 
' ■ «;. ."»i 

, ^ 

6.00 CeeferAM. 

Breakfast Him with Ntek 
Ross and Guy 
Mtehelmore. Weather at 

6^5,7.25, 7.55, 8.25 and 

835; regional news, 
weather and trafficat8JS7, 
7.27, 7.57 and 8.27; - 
national and infematkwaf 
news at 730.730, 8.00, 
830 and 930; sport at 
730 end 830; pop music 
news at 732; ana a revim 
newspapers at 837. At 
934 Steve Btacknefl and 
Adrian Mffls present 
„ , Summertime Special 

ir fj 830 Dudtey Do-Riant Cartoon 
■* series. «9i?Sitas. 

Adventures of a < 
man who has i 
from a circus run I 

fa ;1 A 

v* r. 


' .%yi 

Detivwy presented by 
John Owen from the 
stage of toe Radiol 
Roadshow atMarazion, 
Comwafl. 935 The 
Adverttrosof BuSwinfcte 

i. and Rocky. Part three, flr) 
.. * ‘‘uk^OiOO Hartfaeat Tony Hart and 
*t' Joanna Writ with a new 

approach to the art of 
making pictures, (r) 103S 
Tbe Adventures of 
Bu&wfnkte and Rocky. 
Part four, (rt 1030 Play 
SchooL (r) 1030 Ceefax 
'•-4ii-i‘" a =<r.130 News After Noon with 

.r.** * 


;'•<*& ■» 


I*- ..... 






lif-vi . r •? 



— »■ 

diligence pr H f 

>>' Frontrumr 

■ . Chris Lowe and Sue 
• v - ". , Carpenter, includes news 

«.. . i|? ' headlines with subtitles 

“ t *- 135 Regional nsws and 
«-."'****! ", weather 130 Postman 
r. - Pat 

■"i See Heart A magazine 

'*■ ■ programme for the hearing 

- Unpaired. (i) Z10 Ceefax 

*■ *• « 330 Songs of Prafeefirom 
» theEastNeukof Fife, i 
(Ceefax) 438 Regs 

*>-^430 wan T9 Your Father Gets 
. Home. Carton series on 
, tte theme of the 
- generation gap 430 Hekfi. 

lift i 

5.10 Fame. The enti-of-term 
feeling has hit Doris and . 
Montgomery in a funny 
way - they insist on tefing 
the truth ail the time no 
matter how tactless and 
uncomfortable it might be. 

( ai*:im 




News with Nlchoias 
Witehel and Frances 
CovertiaJe. Weather. 

835 London Plus presented by 
Gavin Ester and Linda 

700 indSeJtST^ewl^^ 8 
celebrates 35 years in 
' .. Gjtoert and SulBvan; 

■ footballer, MidcCharinon; 
and veteran actress Doris 
. i Hare. Music is provided by 
The Brass Band. 

735 The Rock VRofl Years. 

1971 - the year Britain 
: went decimal and Evonne 
Gooiagong won the 
Ladies^ Singles at 
Wimbled cxi. Musical 
memories are provided by, 
among others, an Eric 
^ Clapton and George 
•• Harrison duet 
835 What a Carry On. A 
>r compiiatfon of clips from 
the successful Cannon 
series of come<fe&: 

835 WBdernessRoad. Cage 
dresses up for the Inst 
time since hte 

grandmother's funeral and ' 
. surprises a9 and sundry. ' 
*fjD0 News with JuSa SomwvUe 
■' and Frarttes Cover***- 
r Regional news and 

Z weather. " • 

930 Fighting Beck. Part three 
„• ■ ofthe five-episode drama 
r serial stamra Hazel 
O'Connor. Vrv has the 
- chadren back and they join 
her at the squat where the 
owner Is taking steps to 
have the occupants . 

• removed. If he is 

• successful wfflVhr have 
die chBdren taken Into 
care again? (Ceefax) 

,1030 Come Dancing. The 
' "■ second semifmal is 
between Midlands and 
. west and North West 

' - Introtftjced by David 
,z Jacobs from the Tower 
Ballroom, BlackpxxH. 

^fT30 Matt Houston. Matt comas 
to the and of an old friend, 

.. an ex-policeman accused 
'of stealing cocaine. 

£ (Ceefax) 

,li50 Weather. 



6.15 Good Morning Britain - 
presented by Anne 
Diamond and Adrian 
Brown. News with Geoff 
Meade at 630, 730.730, 
830 and 830; sport at 
640 and 7.40; exercises at 
635; cartoon at 735; pop 
music at 735; and Jimmy 
. Greaves's television 
highlights at 839.- 


935 Thames news headlines 
foilowed by Man of the ' 
Tree*. Richard Si Barba 

• Baker and why we need 
trees. 935 S teamboa t B0L 
Bill intends to become the 
most famous steamboat 
captain, (r) 1035 
Robostory. French-made 
cartoon series. 

1035 British Achievement The 
life cycle of salmon and 

the efforts being made to 
lure it back to the Thames. 
11.00 The Wuzzles. 

• Cartoon series about six 
unusual bears 1135 
Wattoo Wetted Cartoon. 

1130 About Britain. I 
barges and the 
who safl there. 

1230 Alphabet Zoo. Nerys 
Hughes and Ralph Me 
- with the X-Ray 

. 12.10 Let's Pretend to 
. tale of The Singer Who 
Lost His Voice. (/) 

1230 MecBdne Matters! The 
dBemmafacaig individuals 
- who know how to prevent 
fitness but are faced with 
official intfifference: (r) 

1.30 Naw* atOne with Alastatr 
Stewart 130 Thame* 


130 FUnc Dentist in the Chair* 
(1960)starrmg Bob 
Monkhouse and Peggy 
Cummings. Comedy about 
a dental student and his 
unwitting brushes with the 
college a u thorities. 
Directed by Don Cftaffey. 
335 Thames news headlines 
330 The Young Doctors. 
430 Alph ab et Zoo. A repeat of 
the programme shown at 
noon 4.10 The Moontin *. 
Cartoon series, (r) 430 
She-Ra, Princess of 
Power. Animated science 
fiction fantasy series. 

4L45 Dramarama: Direct 
Action, by Jon Blake. A 
new sales girl doesn't 
realise the consequences 
when she complains about 
Christmas music 
I in tee store dui 
j Sarah 
t Stroke*. 

545 News with John Sachet 
6.00 Thames news. 

630 Barry Setback and the Big 
Wide World. Dramatized 
advice on the problems 
facing those leaving home 
for the first time. 

635 Crossroad*. Bany visits 
the boy in hospital and 
cfiscovere tee Identity of 
Ms mother. 

730 The English House. 

Young National Trust 
Theatre players recreate a 
March, 1309, day in the tfe 
. of tee family and servants 


730' Coronation Street. Ivy has 
a shock when Brian tells 
her some home truths' 

830 S^^oMM&medy 
series, starring Bernard 
Crjbbiris, set bra sleepy 

830 Series of Justice. The 
Judges, (see Choice) 

930 Retuvnte Eden. JMy tries 
to warn Jake that Cassie is 
blackmailing them. 


mOO News at Tan with Leonard 
Parkin and Marten Lewis. 
Weather followed b) 
Thames news 
1030 Return to Eden continued. 
1130 Heating Power. How lay 
heating is used as an 
alternative therapy, 
featuring the work of the 
Centre for Health and 
Heating at St James' 
Church, Plccarffly. 

1130 World Chess 

Championship. A report 
on tee Kaaparov/Karpov 
series at the Park Lane 
Hotel London. 

12.10 Night Thoughts. 


Connery: After the FnnereL 
oa Radio 3, 930pm 

• A coup for Yorkshire 
Television, undoubted^, getting 
LofdTernpteman tosay 
something about the judiciMy in 


B3Q) when, for 30 years on 
British television, senior 
senring judges have been seen 
but not neanL Not that Lord 
Terapieman sticks his neck out 
tonight. He denies teat judges 
are s o metim es used by 
pofiticians as mouthpieces, 
and does not accept teat they 
always decide in favour of 
grinding the feces of the poor. If 
It Is controversy you're after, 
you wfl find a flavour of it in what 
two tamer Recorders have 
tosay. One alleges teat the 
reason he was not made* 
judge was that he was an Irish 
Cateofic, and teat he got tee 
of the downward thumb 
the bombing of 


Brighton’s Grand Hotel The 
other believes she failed 
because she was a woman, and 
was thought to tM a mffitant 
to boot The prize for the 
programme's most simplistic 
judgment must Surely go to the 

former judges' marenal who, 
criticizing judges for their 
remoteness, asks 
rhetorically: "How do you know 
what reality is like when you 
wear a black tie for dinner every 
evening ?". 

• The other wince-causing 
comment on TV tonight comes in 
1130pm), Fired Wiseman's 
documentary about American 
BOkfiers being knocked into 

shape for action in Vietnam. 

An Anny wife, bring shown an 

M16 rifle, coos: "Isn't it 
beautiful 1". 

•There's no end to tee 
ambition of tee playwright Peter 
Barnes, creator of Barnes' 
People. First came tee 
monologues, then the 
duolo gues. Now it's tee trios, 
(Radio 3, 930pm) is the first of 
them, if we ever reach tee 
quartet stage. Radio 3 wU 
probably run out of cash 
because only Bg Names are 
thought fit to be Barnes' 

People. Tonight, it's Sean 
Connery. John Hurt, and 

Donald Pleasence, playing three 

rogues who look back on a 

Irfetkne's pimping. The comedy is 
not so much black as gnmy- 
grey. and. surprisingly, me whole 
affair is only moderately 

Peter Davalle 


Abends Larrochs, piano). 
Villa-Lobos (Adeus Ena. 
and Cancao do poeta do 
secutoXvill: with 
Berganza, mezzo), Tomas 

BBC 2 

635 Open 

Group Theory. 


930 Ceefax. 

535 N e ws s ununs iy write 
subtitles. Weather. 

530 King’s Country. Award- 
winning widfita 
cameraman Simon King, 
continuing his aeries of 
five films observing tee 
landscape, habitat and 
animals of the south of 
England, visits tee coast 
and estuaries where he 
captures, on «m, courting 
terns and a ringed plover 
protecting her young 
during a rainstorm, (rt 
830 FBncCharfieChanat 
Monte Carto* (1937) 
starring Warner Otand as 
tee oriental sleuth, for tee 
last time. When two 
corpses are discovered in 
glamorous MontB Carlo, 
everyone, except Chan 
and Number (tee son, are 
suspects. Directed by 


Eugene Ponfe 
Under Si 


Safi. A visit to 
Ftensburg's Rum Regatta 
which oanbratea the 
German port’s long 
associations with tee West 
tectian rum trade. This 
trad i tion a l event attracts 
sailing craft from aB over 
Northern Europe. The 
narrator is Tom Salmon, (r) 
OpM^MHPKhMWtoRri ^ 

documentary about 
Britain’s oldest immigrant 
group -the Jewish 
community - and why itis 
now shrinking, as much as 
by 25 per cent in the last 
ttree deca d es, it is 
estimated by some. Rbnad 
in the traribonat heartland 
of the community - the 
East End of London where 
only about 7,000 of the 
country's estimated 
330300 Jews now Gve - 
tee progr a mme examines 
tee response to this 
decline in numbers. 

Royal Heritage, to part six 
of his series on Britain's 
builders and 
lectors, Huw Whekton 
examines the contribution 
ofGeorge IV with visits to. 
the Brighton Pavffion and 
the private ap a rt m ent s of 
JMindsotCastle»(r) _. . 
930 Mtaiy. Comedy series 
Marti Caine as 
, a scat ter br ained 
chat show • . 


royal i 

930 Rueh-TheFaBowOeer- A 
documentary foflowing a; 

. New Forest oeer from trie 
moment of his birth to the 
fane he is earnest combat 
for teadershfo of the herd. 

1030 HntyGoestDEfenburgh. 
The first of a nightly senes 
of reports from Russell 
Harty at tee Edtebwgh 
Festival Tonight he is out 
and about on tee streets 
of the city meeting the 

reporting on tee events, 
1035 New ani g hL The latest 
national and international 
news fndufing extended 
coverage of one of the 
mate stories of tee day. 

With Peter Snow, Donald 
MacComvck and Olivia 

1140 Weather. 

11-45 Open IMmretfy: Gender 
and Race The Urban 
Comprehensive. Ends at 



Long t 
HeaMqr (1965) directed 
by and starring Pienre 
Bate. A comedy about a 
man who is equally Mat 
ease with the luxuries of 
modern llta and on a 
simple camping hofidny. 

335 American Short Story: 
The Men That C o r ru pte d 
Harfleybwg. The citizens 
of Hatfleybum, proud of 
their Wgn moral code, 
offend a passing stranger. 
The man deckles to test 
their honesty. Starring 
Robert Preston and Free 

430 Danctf Days. Vera tries to 
involve anyone in her ptan 
to help reconcile Jufia with 

530 Afice.lyM is inatizzy after 
he agrees to a group 
performing in h» diner 
during the local Arts 

530 S8ents,Pfeese*TWs 
- week’s programme 
features damsels in 
distress - Mae Marsh 
menaced by a caveman; 
Lsetrice Joy feeing a late 
worse than death m a Jazz 
Age drama; and Gloria 
Swanson tied to the 

tracks -to name 

but a 

630 The Pocket Money 
Programme. Financial 
advice for youngsters 
offered by their peers. 
Today's programme 
includes news of a 
bulling society that is run 
from a classroom; money 
from sport and a studio 
fashion showfr) 

830 Summer Sflvar. An award- 
film capturing a 
community on the 
north wes t coast of 
Ireland, contrasting a 
small boy as he prepares 
'for a fishing trip wtththat 
of Canal Duggan, a 
salmon fisherman wtto 
works at night, 30 mfies 
off-shore, (r) 

730 Chanuei Four news. 

730 C omment This first of 
fair Comment from 
Scotland features Joe 
Hendry. Weedier. 
BrookaMa. Sheila's fears 
that she may be pregnant 
as a result Wthe rapelead 
to dfeagreements within 
the fanwy; and Annabel le 
is unh^jpy that Paul is 

going on me 

de m o n s i t al k xi match. Her 
fears are wfifbundad 

•othdr o rganiser are 
marched away by toe 

830 kit Cunart. Fortune seems 
to have come to Kit 
through his match-making 
scheme, s o why is he so 

930 Kefl^^s Start CRy 

Centro Cycfing. The fourth 
race of foe senes is in 
Glasgow and centred on 

George Square. 

1030 Cn—nrifiis This final 
programme of the series 
about commodfiias that 
are taken for granted 
exsnine5 the frnpact of 
the major multinationals 
on conimorfity producing 
count r i es. 

1130 Fred Wfeaman- BeMc 
Training. A documentary, 
made in 1970, watching 
dvBan conscripts being 
trained by the Army for the 
Vietnam War. (see Choice) 
Ends at 1230 

( . Radio 4 


On long wave. Stereo on VHF. 
535am Shipping. 6JXJ News 
Briefing; Weather. 

6.10 Farming Week. An 
interview wite a leader 
in the agricultural 
Industry. 525 Prayer 
tor the Day <s) 

630 Today, ind 630. 730, 

830 News. 645 
Business News. 655. 735 
Weather. 730,630 
News. 735, 625 Sport. 745 
Thought (or the Day. 

835 ThaWeekon 4. 

Programme previews. 

>43 A Night to Remember by 
Welter Lord. The story of 
the Titanic, abridged and 

read by Brian Gear In ten 

rf 1 - 1 ~ 

.837 Weather: 

930 News 
936 Start tee week with 
Richard Baker (s). 

1030 News; A Small Country 
Living. Jeanine McMuSen 
on the deUgms of living In 
rural Britain (r). 

1030 Morning Story: The 
S wi mn ang Party by JB 

1045 Daiy Service (s). 

1130 News; Travel Down 
Your Way. Brian 
Johnston visits SpOsby in 
Lincolnshire (0(s). 

1148 Poetry Please! Listeners’ 
raqu ^te presema by 

1230 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice, with 


1237 Counterpoint Musical 
knowledge quiz chaired 
by NedSnenln (s). 1235 

130 The World atOne: News. 
140 Th e Arch ers. 13S 

230 Nm£%msn , s 


330 NewsTThe Afternoon 
Play. Do It Yourself by 
David Hafiwek With Terry 
MoOoy and Lois Daine. A 
bomb wrivec in a rich man's 
post Did he sent it to 
himself ? 

430 Kaleidoscope in 
Edinburgh J 
Okver i 
festival _ 

530 PM. News 

535 Weather. 

630 Die Sty O 'clock News; 

Financial ! . 

630 After Henry I 

PruneSa Scales returns 

in a new series about the 
recently w i do wed Sarah, 
caught between her difficult 
daughter and even more 
difficult mother (r) is). 

730pm News. 

735 Trie Archers. 

730 On Your Farm. 

745 Science Now-ln 
PassmgJ Cofin Tudga 
from 1REMER, Brest 
Oceanographic Centre. 

615 The Monday Play. Free 
by Nick Dear, starring 
itmotey west. PsuHne Letts 
and Elizabeth 
BeB.Contusion and hostifity 
fora leading industnahst 
after a ransom ends his 
kidnapping ordeal 

945 Kaleidoscope. Arts 
magazine with Paul 
Vaughan. Includes comment 
on the Nm Chan is 
Missing, and Derek Walcott's 
Caribbean Poetry Now 
10.15 A Book at Bedtime: Al 
the Brave Promises by 
Mery Lee Settle, abridged in 

tan pens, read by I 
Horton (6). 1039 Weather. 
1030 The World Tonight. 

11.15 The Financial World 
1130 A Touch of Midas? 

WiKam Davis meets the 
best-seMng author Frederick 

1230 News: Weather. 1233 
Shipping Forecast 
VHF (avaflable m England and S 
Wales only) es above except 535- 
Weathen Travel. 135- 
230pm Listening Comer (s). 5J50- 
535 PM (Continueig. 1130- 
12.10am Open University: 1130 
Education of 19th-century 
Women. 1130 Smith ana the 
American Colonies. 


from tee 

( Radio 3 ) 

On VFHoidy:- 
635 Open Unhmslty. Until 
635am. Hentiee 
European re 
On median waver . 

635 Weather. 7301 
735 Concert Weber 

(Invitation to the Dance, 
orhch Bertiaz), Donizetti 
(Concertino for cor 

Haydn (Trio in B minor, H XI 
96. for baryton. viola and 

ceHo), Mozart (Divertimento 

in D major, 136) 

830 News 

835 Concert (conUhMBiaud 
(Four dances. Saudades 
doBrasfl), Granados 

, soloist). 930 News 
935 This Week's Composer: 
Cesar Franck. Duo on 
themes from DalayraCs 
Gu&stnaftp&yed by 
Dumay/Colbrd). L'Emir da 
Seogador (Bruno 
LaP&ite, baritone). Trio 
Cttifierfent in F sharp 
minor Op 1 for v»Gn, cato. 
piano (Foerster Trio) 

1030 Scribes and Scholars: 

New London Consort 
perform works by PMip the 
Chancellor, Peter of 
Biots and anon 

1030 British Youth Orchestras: 
Lydian Youth Orchestra 
(under Jonathan Butcher), 
with Emma Johnson 


1230 Pted frper: The late 

Dawd Munrow with some 
street music (r) 

1230 Barbara Nisstnan: piano 
redial. Franck 

(Sonata No 3L 130 News 
1.05 BBC Scottish SO (under 
John Canarina). Dvorak 

of St Joan) 

230 Prom TaBc with Roger 
Wrtght. Includes 
contrfoutions from Odakne 
de la Martinez, Ralph 
Kirshbaum. Peter Diddnson 
and Geoffrey Norris tr) (s) 
230 New Recoics: Gltoka 
(Symphony cm two 
Rusrian themes). 
Shostakovich (Suite, Op 
6: Tanye) and Brown, 
pianos), Glazunov 
(excerpt from Act 1 of the 
ballet music for 
Raymond a). Beethoven 
(Sonata in A flat, Op 110: 
O ga ta , piano). Rachma ninov 
{The Beils, with soloists 
Trrvtskaya, Karczykowskl 
and Krause). *35 Nows 
530 Mainly for Pleasure: with 
Natal® Wheen 
630 Organ music David 
Sanger plays works by S 
S Wesley (Choral Song and 
i). and Alfred 

s (including A Trumpet 


730 Perilous Seas: Margaret 
Robertson reads 
Florence Turner's story 

730 Proms 86; Lontano 
fonder Odafinede la 
Martinez), with Mark 
Lubotsky (violin), and 
Peter Frank! (piano). Part 
one. Berg 


835 Musical Times Past: 

Fritz Spiegl on muslc- 
makteg in foe last century 

835 Proms 86 

r - lani 

prigtotHero. One-act opera. 
Sung in Italian. BBC SO 
(under David Atherton-, 
BBC Sincere, and 

soloists Lucy Shelton, 
WiRam Cochran and 

930 Barnes' People It Sean 

/, John Hurt and 

Donald Pleasence m After 

the Funeral 


B Quentin (Ouatew m F.°P 


10.15 W,m 

Steve Rac*(0 
1130 Moua L Ly 


( Radi o2~~) 

Ot me«fium wave- Stareo on 

ucs asks memoera 

1030 Star So und. , - 

r Radio 1 ) 

On medtem wave. Stereo on 


SSSmi^n Jom 73fl 'Simon 
Mayo 930 Simon Bates 1130 The 
Radiol Roadshow from 
Mararion 1230pm Newsbeat 

Newsbeat (Frank PartnAW) 

545 Bruno Brookes 738 Janice 
Long 1030-1230 John Peel. 
VHFtamo Retfo* 1 6 430am 

As Radio 2. 1030pm As Rad» 

1. 1236430m AS RM0O 2. 


ws 7.0» Twenty Four Hours 730 Sarah 

J Company I3D News 131 RaHacOom 

5 For Whom TtW Beri Toli 830 

5.00 Newsdmk 830 F rol wsl on» 730 

News 7.08" 



AnythmaGoes U0 News 939 Review of 

Brash Press 615 Good Books 630 

Hnandsl News MO Look Ahead 645 

Peebles' Choree 1000 News 1031 Pro- 

fessions 1130 News 1139 News About 
Britain 11.15 Every Day A Holy Day 1130 

Album Tans 1230 Rate Newark 12.15 

Brain of Britain 1986 1245 Sports 

138 News 139 Twenty Four 

Hours 130 Tsfcng About Music 230 

Outlook 245 Lsfca Wobegon Days 330 

Radio Newsrwt 115 Professions 345 
What's New 430 News 439 1 

4.15 TMs Parecuisr Place 430 

MMsuns 645 

Peebles' Choice I 

Four Hours 830 Sports I 

News 601 Network UK 9.15 EngRsh 

MiniatiffM 630 Counterpoint 1030 News 
1609 world Today 1625 Book Choice 

1030 Fractal News 1040 ReflecOons 

1045 Sports Roundup 1130 News 1139 

Commen ta ry 11.15 Ins Particular Place 

1130 Brain of Britain 1986 1230 News 

1239 News About Britain 12.15 Rate 

Newsreel 1220 Sarah and Gompeny 130 

News 131 Outlook 130 Short Story 145 

This Particular Place 230 News 239 

Review of British Press 2.15 Networic UK 

230 Sports International 330 News 339 

News About Britan 3.15 World Today 445 

Reflection s 430 Financial News 530 
News 539 Twenty Foia Hours 545 World 
Today. AB times m GMT. 

I Sports Roundup 745 
1 930 Naws 839Twinty 

Sports International 6M 

Mto 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kH/433m: Rwfio 3: 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90i 
WFB *CW t VHF 95A BBCfladio London 


63S-730 GolL tL9842.10an Sky 

At Nfaht 12.10-12.15 Nawe and wes te r 
SCOTLANO B3Spre-730Raporting ■ 
Scotland T139-1 LIS Decades. 11^5j 
1235am Mtal Houston. 1235-12.10 ■ 

430 Hekfl. 450-535 Fame. 

Sport 54M3B Inside Ustar. 635-730 

Walt Tfl Your FMner Gets Home. 
1130-1155 News and wester EN- 

OLAND 635M-730 RMjonta news 

nwmnines. ftfALES 103bem 5 «pm 

Cridtrt and Goit Cricket Glamorgan 
v Naw Zealand, Qolf: Welsh Professional 

CHANNEL ftasfi ag* 

Street 10L30-16S Cartoon. L20pm 
News. 130 Home Cookary. 135 Rbw 
Ghost Tram*. 3.10-130 vraterGar- 
dea 5.15-545 Sons & Daughters. 630 
Channel Rinon. 615 Alexandra 
Hakt 630730 People Uke Us. 1135 
Sweeney. 1?7f i me 5osBdowa 

TVS Aa London escape 62ten 

Sesame Stre5T«30-lQ35 Car- 
loon. 120pm News. 130 Home 
Cookery. 13S Fane Ghost Trtan*. 3.10- 
330 Water Garden. 5.15-545 Sons 
snd Daughters. S30 Coast to Coast. 
*-730Pao_gte Lfce Us. TI20 



. . IheCaL 

130 News. 130-330 Film: Venetian 
BW 615-545 Hones for Courses. 


630-730 News. 1130 Star Parade. 
1220am CWedown. 

42Sam-1025 Sesame Street. 1 
730 wales at Six. 

040 Starts: 1130am Crfced. 1.15 

T.Imt Emm • I luu. D»_ 4 * 


. Tales From a Long Room. 130 

„ 2301 

Uun. 216 interval. 200 American 
Story. 430 Cricad. 605 
Smyrtts. 530 Cnced. 630 Thank Heav- 
ens for Maurice Chevalier. 730 
Newyodton Sanh. 730 Credm. BOO St 
Ssewhare. 600 Ffikniau Tramor. 

1055 Countiy Maters. 1135 People » 
People. 1255am Closedown. 


1030-1035 Cartoon. 130pm News. 

130-330 Rim: My Brother Jonathan* 

616645 Emmerdale Farm. 600 
About Anglia. 630-730 SirwvaL 1130 1 
Hear the Bkies. 1210am in Corner- 

saeon, Closedown 


650 Wuzzles. 1015 Jack Hotaom. 

1040 Littta Rascals. 1035-1130 British 

Achievements. 130 News. 130 F4 r 
a Stitch hi Time*. 215-330 Magic. Magic 
600 News. 645-7.00 Central Post. 

1135 Burning the Ptioem. 1135 Con- 

tact 1225m Jabfinder 135 

SCOTTISH *3 London »- 

364JI I *®0 cent S35am Tarzaa 

330 Portrait of a Lerand. 330-430 Short 
Story Theatre. 615-545 Emmerdale 

Farm. 630 News and Scodand Today- 
615 Light In the North. 630-730 
Benson. 830-600 Held In Ttust 1130 

Crime Desk. 1125 Lata Cal. 1130 V. 

1230m Closedown. 


1035-1035 Feta the Cat 130pm 
News. 130 RkroWII Penny. 330-430 
Sons and Daughters. 615-645 In 
7.00 rake the High Road. TI3S 
Sweeney. 1235am Closedown. 


Cartoon. 130pm News. 135 
Lookaround. 130-330 Fim: Esther 
Wears. 615-645 Survival- 600 Northern 
Life 630-730 Scribble. tL2S V. 

1230am People Matter. Closedown. 

G RANADA ^Sg^ranada 

. 930 Secret VaRey. 655 
Fok Talas. 1035 Brklsh Achievement. 
1030 Wuzzles. 1135 About Britain. 
1130-1230 Cormactions. 130pm Grana- 
da Reports. 130 Fine MslecM'8 
Cove. 210 Polar RegkXta. 330-430 tovf- 
tatton to Remember. 615-545 That’S 
My Boy. 630 Granada Report* 630-7.00 

Whose Baby? 1130 Alberta Hunter 
cert i225aa< 

In Concert: 



- - _ iHome 

Cookery, 225 News. 330-400 Country 
Practice. 615445 Give US a Cki. 

630 Calendar. 63O-730Summer Sport 
1130 Sheena Easton Lem. 1220am- 
600 Music Box. 


Thing. 935 Beathalchean Neonach. 

935 Jeremy. 1610-1035 Orphans of the 
wild. 120pm News. 130 Fkm Four- 
Sided Tnarnie*. 330330 New 
Squadronalres 615-545 Emmerdale 

Farm. 630 North Tangbt 635-730 

Shammy Dab. 630-BJOD HeU in 
Trust. 1130 Devil's Lake Concern. 

1220am News, Closedown. 

TfiUf As London exc e pt 9.25am 
Sesame Street M35-10JB 

Gate to Northwest Passage. 120pm 

News. 130-330 Rkic Inspecior 
Ctouseau. 615 Gik Honewbun. 530- 
645 Crosaroad6 630 Today South West 
630-730 Emmerdale Farm. 1130 . 
Minde r. 123 0am Postscript, Closedown. 


650 Sea Urchins. 1030-1035 Max 
the Mouse. 130pm UsKhttme. 130F4m: 
Red Skies of Montana. 215 Cartoon. 
aa-400 Sons and Daughters. 615-545 
Give Us A Ckie. 600 Simmer Edi- 
tion. 615 Summer Sport 630-730 Pass- 
word. 1130 The Sweeney. 1210mn 
Naws. Closedown. 


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Cnatinaed or page 28 


















































b 1 































Onus on Botham 

to perform like 

a conquering hero 

By John Woodcock 
Cricket Correspondent 

Ian Botham is back. Per- 
haps partly in deference to 
public demand, he has been 
included in the England team 
for the third Test match 
against New Zealand, spon- 
sored by Comhill and starling 
at The Oval on Thursday. 
Lamb also returns, and Gooch 
has been retained despite his 
unavailability for the Austra- 
lian tour. More surprisingly, 
the selectors have allowed 
themselves Willey again. 
Moxon. Pringle and Thomas 
arc dropped. 

The general impression will 
be that it looks more like an 
England side than some of the 
recent ones. Obviously 
Botham's presence has a lot to 
do with this. It is up to him 
now to show what he can still 
do. No doubt he will be 
cheered like a conquering hero 
when he comes out to bat or is 
called on to bowl. It will be 
splendid if he can perform like 
one. The very prospect should 
fill the ground. 

The side is a proper com- 
pliment to the New Zealand- 
ers. Priority has been given to 
beating them. Only Athey. 
French and Small have played 
fewer than 20 Test matches. 
The 12 players have won over 
450 caps between them, and 
they contain three England 
captains. The average age is 

To judge by the runs he has 
been scoring for North- 
amptonshire. Lamb has bene- 
fited from his break away 
from the Test scent Before 
being dropped during the 
senes against India he had 
scored 285 runs in 11 first- 
class innings at an average of 
26. Since then he has scored 
856 runs in only one innings 
more at an average of 95. 
Being left out may well have 
been the spur he needed. The 
regular members of the side 
get so much Test cricket these 
days that they do tend to take 
it all for granted. 

England 12 


G A Gooch (Essex) 33 58 
CWJ Athey (Gioucs) 28 7 

D I Gower (LaiCS) 29 85 

M W Gatling (Middx, capt) 29 47 
A J Lamb (Northants) 32 45 
tT Botham (Somerset) 30 84 
P Willey (Leicestershire) 36 26 

JEEmburey (Middlesex) 34 36 

PH Edmonds (Middlesex) 35 40 

B N French (Notts) 27 4 

G R Datey (Kent) 27 21 

G C Sma* (Warwickshire) 24 1 


(For current first-class season : 
not including matches continu- 
ing today) 



A. J Lamb — 
MWGanmg . 
IT Botham ... 
G A Gooch _ 
P Willey 

D I Gower — 
CWJ Athey . 
B N French - 
GCSmal — 
PH Edmonds 
GRDfley — 
'signifies not 


_ 17 
_ 17 
- 19 


4 995 

2 851 

1 385 

0 883 

3 801 

2 697 

1 867 

5 267 

6 2S9 
1 261 

5 191 

6 133 

KS Am 
160* 71.07 
183- 53.18 
104’ 48.12 
183 40.13 
172" 4005 
83 38.72 
171* 37.89 
37- 2033 
45' 17.26 
75 1831 
31 1531 
28 1023 

GCSma# — 
GR Diftey — 
M W Gating . 
PH Edmonds 
G A Gooch _ 
CWJ Athey . 


1 T Botham _ 
01 Gower — 


3133113 574 
5103 119 1438 
3655 681172 
__ 61 20 151 
_ 409 125 829 
__ 118 37 273 
_ 18 5 60 

1243 34 293 
19 415 
0 5 




26 2257 
65 22.12 
48 24.41 
6 25.16 
26 3138 
6 4550 
1 6030 
5 83.00 
0 - 

being left high and dry — 
perhaps 30 not out but with- 
out a partner. The alternative 
was to hang on to Pringle, or. 
as I had hoped, to give a 
chance to de Freitas or Cape! 
(if he really looked the part for 
the TCCB XI Iasi week). 
Willey has to be seen now as a 
candidate for Australia, where 
they may think that he would 
come in useful at “the bits and 
pieces." like blocking up an 
end in the one-day games. 
That was the idea in West 
Indies, though it never quite 
worked ouL 

Unless Botham is to be 
given the new ball,, to the 
exclusion of Small or Dilley, 
or the pilch looks very dry, 
either Edmonds or Emburey 
will find himself doing the 
drinks on Thursday. The 
choice of Dilley confirms his 
present rating, which puts him 
ahead of Foster and Thomas. 
Whether all three go to 
Australia, as well as Small, 
will depend on the number of 
fast bowlers to be taken, either 
three or four. Foster is doing 
himself no harm at the mo- 
ment. picking up a lot of 
wickets for Essex. 

In standing by Athey. who 

will go in first, and giving 
Willey another game, the 
selectors are at least being 
consistent They seem deter- 
mined to ■ take Athey to 
Australia, and no doubt they 
will do if he can give the 
innings a sian against Hadlee. 

He will be Gooch's fifth 
different opening partner in 
six Test matches this summer, 
but they can both be heartened 
by what happened when they 
went in together in the second 
of the one-day internationals 
against New Zealand at Old 
Trafford a month ago. 

England lost their first 
wicket then at 193. and in 
making 142 nol out Athey 
showed just how well he can 
play. He has no sort of a Test 
record, but in giving him 
another chance the selectors 
will have been influenced by 
his workmanlike method and 
two somewhat dubious de- 
cisions he has had recently — 
one in the second Test against 
India, ihe other at Trent 
Bridge last Monday. 

England's No 6 at Trent 
Bridge was Pringle. Their 
number seven at The Oval 
will be Willey, presumably to 
reduce the risk of Botham 

If this England side fails, as 
most of the others have this 
season, then we really shall 
know we are bad. Some 
mercurial selecting has 
contributed to several perfor- 
mances in the Iasi two and a 
half months that have been 
horrendous even allowing for 
the fact that India and New 
Zealand are no longer the 
push-over they sometimes 
used to be. This time Gatling 
can have few complaints with 
the side he has been given. 

The case for omitting 
Gooch has been resisted, and 
Botham will be on his mettle. 
By choosing Botham the selec- 
tors have transferred the pres- 
sure from themselves to him. 
His many supporters wil) 
expect the world of him. more 
than is fair I fancy. His 
bowling figures since his 
suspension ended — two for 
263 in 57 overs — are scarcely 

auspicious: yet he is within a 

single wicket of equalling Den- 
nis Lillee’s Test record of 355. 
His hitting has been phenom- 
enal There will be high drama 
at The Oval, weather 


James wins after play-off 

By Mitchell Platts 

Mark James holed a putt of 
IS feet for a birdie at the first 
extra hole to overcome Hugh 
BaiocchL of South Africa, and 
Lee Trevino, of the United 
States, in a sudden-death fin- 
ish to the Benson and Hedges 
International Open on the 
FuJford course in York 

James, who had missed a 
chance from three feet to win 

the title on the 18th bole, 
earned £30,000 for his first 
victory on English soil since 
he became a professional in 
1976. Baiocchi was first to 
putt at the opening extra hole, 
but after be had missed from 
20 feet so Trevino left his putt 
short from a similar distance. 

Trevino and Baiocchi, who 
each started out two strokes 
behind James (70), both com- 

• • •' V v "fry '. ^ 

5 : J3*T . JC J '-jH 
••=■ - . N - ♦ '■'fse'Jt ' 'h 

- . - ?• ux , • sxx ■ . 4 x7 _ o. 

Its all too easy to get caught in the 
money trap. 

Either your income suffers or your 
capital dwindles. 

Hill Samuel together with the 
Nottingham Building Society could have 
the answer you’re looking foe 

It’s called the Hill Samuel Mon hly 
Income Scheme, which combines 
the security of a Building Society with 
the* growth potential of Unit Trusts. 

If you have £6,000 or more to invest, 
complete and post the coupon, and we’ll 
tell you more. 

Tbr Philip Barnes Hill Samuel Imminent Sen lets Limited. NLA Tow a; 
1 -*1h Adrjisjonibe Road. Croydon CR9 6BR 

Mai* a local charge call jnda \ on LinkUnerOUS 581431. 

I would like to know monr about the Hill Samuel Momhk Income Scheme. 


T I8W/86C 



I Inmi* Tel:. 

Jkiwnea Tel:. 



piled rounds of 68 to finish 
alongside their rivaL They 
totalled 274, which is 14 under 
par, while Gordon Brand ju- 
nior finished strongly with 
three birdies in the last four 
holes to complete a 71 which 
was one shot too many for 
him to be involved in the play- 

Trevino was first to finish, 
setting the target, but Baiocchi 
matched his total so leaving 
James requiring a birdie at the 
long 18th to win. 

Trevino, visibly dis- 
appointed, had failed to make 
progress over the last six boles 
following an encouraging se- 
quence of four birdies in six 
holes from the seventh. He 
was also involved in a fair 
amount of drama at the last 
when he squirted his second 
shot from out of the trees 
across the fairway. The ball 
struck a spectator and laid out 
the unfortunate individual 

In feet it proved to be a 
for Trevino t 

lucky break for Trevino be- 
cause the ball ricocheted back 
out towards the fairway, so 
leaving him a shot of about 
110 yards. However, he was 
unable to get up and down 
from there and Baiocchi also 
failed to make his birdie at the 

The South African had 
moved through the field with 
an exciting outward half of 32, 
which is four under par, and a 
birdie two at the 10th. He 
dropped a shot at the long 
1 Ith but he missed the chance 
of a two from six feet at the 
short 14th. At the last 
Baiocchi mis-cued his second 
shot but, still with a chance 
from 15 feet to break the 
deadlock, he missed the piitt 

James, had appeared to be 
the most unlikely challenger 
following an indifferent start 
when he dropped shots at 
three of the first seven holes. 

less stated); 27* m James, 65. 70. 
69. 70 (won play-off); H Baoochl 
(SA), 66, 70, 70, 66; L Trevino (US), 
66. 67, 73, 68. Z7S G Brand junior. 
65. 67. 72. 71 . 276: J O'Leary ftr). 66. 

69. 72, 69; f Woosnam. 71, SB. 70, 
67; M McNulty (ZfUlk 68, 69. 72. 67. 
277: J M OtezabaJ (Spa), 67. 71. 67, 
72; C O'Connor Junior (Ire). 72. 65, 
72, 68. 278: J M Canizares (Spa), 
68. 72. 68. 70; R Lfi«. 6B. 71. 70. 
279: N Fakto, 71. 70. 71. 67. 2ttfc M 
Roe, 67, 72, 72, 69: » Baker-Finch 
(Aus), 70. 72. 70.68.281: G Marsh 
(Aus). 69, 7t. 71, 70: B Waites, 72. 

69. 71. 69; V Fernandez (Aral. 67, 

74. 72. 68. 282: J Hemrty. 69, 69. 

70. 74; H Clark, 66.73. 71. 72; T 
Armour III (US), 68. 73, 70. 71; J 
HawVes (SA). 69, 72, 74, 67. 283: P 

70, 71, 71, 71: A 
(). 73. 70. 73, 67; A 
71, 73, 72, 67; T 
“ 71. 6* J 
i 74, 68. 72, 69: O 



SeHberg (Sms). 68, 73, 72, 70. 



to walk 

By John Blunsden 

Alain Prost climbed to 
within two points of Nigel 
Mansell the world champion- 
ship leader, yesterday by win- 
ning the Austrian Grand Prix 
at Zeltweg, a high-speed race 
run in such intense heat that 
car after car had to be 

Frost's Marlboro McLaren- 
TAG was the only car to 
complete the 52 laps, Michele 
Alboreto’s Ferrari leading the 
distant chase to the chequered 
flag more than a lap in arrears. 
With Stefan Johansson taking 
third place, it was by far the 
best result of the season for 

It was also the best day yet 
Id the relatively short career of 
Carl Haas's team of Lola- 
Fords, who picked np their 
first championship points, 
with Alan Jones and Patrick 
Tam bay alarming fourth and 
fifth places respectively. 

For several other teams, 
however, it was a desperately 
disappointing race. Hopes had 
been high at the start for 
Benetton, for whom Teo Fain 
bddalmed pole position. 

At the start Berger shot 
straight into the lead to the 
delight of the Austrian crowd, 
and with Fabi tucked in behind 
him they quickly outpaced the 
rest of the field, led by Prost 
and Mansell, who 

RESULTS: (52 laps, 191.99 miles): 
1. A Pros* (Fr), McLaren-TAG. Ihr 
21 min 22£31sec (average Speed 
14156mph); 2, M Aboreto (It) 
Ferrari, one lap behind: 3, 5 
Johansson (Swe) Ferrari, 2; 4, A 
Jones (Aus), Lota-Ford, 2; 5. P 
Tam bay (Fr). Lota-Ford, 2; 6. C 
Danner (WG), Arrows, 3; 7, G 
Berger, (Austria). Benetton-BMW, 
3; 8, H Rotnengsrtter (Neth), 
Zakspeed, 4; 9, K Rosberg (Fin), 
McLaren-TAG. 6; 10, R Amoux (Fir), 
r, 5; 11, P Srinzani (H). OseUa- 
i. World cfcampfooship stand- 

Ffrst-class Prost 

mge 1, N ManseS (GB). WOfams- 
A Prost (Fr), 

Honda, 55ptsr, 2, . . 

McLaren- Porsche. 53; 3. A Senna, 
i. Lotus-Renauft, 48; 4. N Piquet. 
WR&ams-Honda. 47; 5, K 
pin). McLaren-Porsche. 
19: equal 6, J Laffite (Fr). Ligtar- 
Renault. and R Amoux (Fr), Ligwr- 
Renault, 14; 8, S Johansson (Swe). 
Ferrari. 13; 9, M Alboreto (It). 
Ferrari. 12: 10. G Berger (Austria). 
Benetton-BMW, 6; 11, M Brundte 
:GB). TyrrelHtanault. 5; 1 Z. A Jones 
*- Lola-Focd, 4; equal 13, T Fata 

Benetton- BMW. 2. R Patrese 
Brabham-BMW. J Dumfries 
(GB), Lotus-Renauit, and P Tambay. 
(Fr), Lota-Ford, 2: equal 17, P Strain, 
(Fr), TyrreM-RenaulL and C Danner 
(WG). Arrows-BMW. 1. 
Constructors’ c hampi on sh ip-. 1, 
Williams-Honda. 102pts; 2, 
McLaren-Porsche, 72; 3, Lotus- 
Renauit. 50; 4. Ugtar-RenauK. 28; 5. 
Ferrari. 26; 6. Benetton-BMW. 8: 7. 
TyrreB-Renault. 8; 8, Loia-Ford. 5; 9, 
Brabham-BMW, 2; 10. Arrow- BMW, 
1 . 

Now it was Prost and Keke 
Rosberg out on their own and 
seemingly beading for a 
McLaren one-two on the cir- 
cuit where Prost had been 
victorious in 1983 and 1985. 


the Marlboro-McLaren 

be needed a replacement con* 
tnd-box for his engine's 
management system, and he 
lost four laps before he was 
back in the race again and 
running as healthily as ever. 

The fastest race lap was to be 
poor compensation for such a 
promising performance. 

Berger’s stop put Mansell 
into the lead but Prost, who 
had stopped for tyres on lap 
22 , went to the front when 
Mansell made his own stop six 
hips later. 


Then the Frenchman slowed 
with three laps to go, hot then 
his car picked np again within 
seconds. Bnt not Rosberg's; 

almost within sight of six 
championship points he polled 
off the track, climbed out, and 
walked disgustedly back to- 
wards the paddock area. 

were soon locked in close 
combat over third position. 
Berger remained in front be* 
yond quarter distance, that 
Fabi suddenly moved ahead, 
only to slow right down within 
seconds before heading for his 
pit and retirement. 

Berger remained weB in 
control until his mid-race pit 
stop, but instead of Jnst tyres 

Nelson Piquet, the winner of 
the previous two grands prix, 
was not proving a match for 
Mansell this time, and he was 
a distant fourth even before he 

brought his Williams- Honda 
in for its first stop after only 18 
laps. Soon after half distance 
Piquet was at his pit again, 
tills time to retire. 

With Ayrton Senna having 
abandoned his JPS Lotus with 
a persistent misfire, and Pi- 
quet gone, Mansell looked 
well set to reinforce his 
championship claims, bet at 
the end of 33 laps he passed 
the pits with a rough-sounding 
engine, not to reappear; he 
parked his car at the side . of 
the track and walked home. 

It was a dismal day for the 
Brabham team. Trouble with 
two cars during the morning 
warm-up meant that Rkcardo 
Patrese took over Derek 
Warwick's car. 

He was slow off the grid and 
one of the first retirements, 
while Warwick himself did not 
even make the race. 

Martin Brnodle's Data 
General Tyrrell was an. early 
retirement in a cloud of engine 
smoke when ranting jnst out- 
side the top JO, Johnny Dum- 
fries suffered engine trouble 
with his JPS Lotus, and 
Jonathan Palmer also retired 
with a smoking engine. 



French staying power 

Francorchamps. Belgium also on a Honda, by seven laps 
(AP) - The French team of on the hilly four-kilometre 
Cou dray, lgoa and Vieira track in the wooded Ardennes, 
yesterday won the 24-hours of Coudray and lgoa further 

Francorchamps endurance extended their lead on top of 
race. the' endurance world 

Riding a Honda RF 750, championship tables. The 
they outpaced the team of leaders averaged' 149.7 
Jean-Lou Battistini and kilometres per hour in the 
Thierry Espie, of France and race, which saw 24 of the 56 
Richaid Hubin, of Belgium, -teams drop ouL 

Victory for 

Olen, Belgium (AP) - One 
Belgian, Nico Emonds, yes- 
terday -won the Tout of Bel- 
gium race as a second, Jef 
Lieckens, won the final stage 
in a sprint finish. 

Lieckens beat Eddy 
Planckaert and Johan Capiot 
in a mass sprint at the end of 
the final 233-km stage. 


ruled out 

Tessa Sanderson has with- 
drawn from the European 
championships, which begin 
in Stuttgart next Monday. The 
Olympic and Commonwealth 
javelin champion, who beat 
her main England rival, Fa- 
tima Whitbread, to win the 
Commonwealth Games gold 
medal in Edinburgh last 
month, is ruled out by an 
ankle injury. 

Scheduled to compete for 
England yesterday in an inter- 
national match at Hendon, 
Sanderson has been advised 
bv doctors not to compete for 
die rest of the season and will 
now miss the much-awaited 
meeting with Petra Felice, the 
East German world record 

Haringey tops 

Haringey will represent 
Great Britain in next year’s 
European champion athletic 

dubs' trophy competition af- 
' GRJ 

Holding on 

Buford, Georgia (Reuter) — 
Betsy King, of the United 
States, scored a one-under-par 
71 to maintain her lead after 
three rounds of the women’s 
world -championship of golf at 
the Pine Isle Country Club. 
King, on 208. finished the day 
two strokes ahead of Mary 
Beth Zimmerman, who surged 
into second place with the 
day's best round, a six-under- 
par 66 . 

Wilanderi tired • 

Time out 

Mats Wilander, Sweden's 
top tennis player,- is planning 
to take a two-month break 
from the game. The world 
No. Z who admitted he was 
tired of playing after a surprise 
defeat in last month's Swedish 
Open, says he will make his 
decision after the United 
States Open and could be 
unavailable for his country's 
Davis Cup semi-final tie 
against Czechoslovakia 

ter rminiag the GRE British 
league title at Plaistow, east 
London, over the weekend 
The north London club, which 
finished third on their Euro- 
pean debut last year, swept 
home thanks to double vic- 
tories from Wilbert Greaves, 
in the hurdles, and John 
Herbert, the ■ Commonwealth 
triple jump champion. An- 
other notable victory came in 
the shot when Shaun Pick- 
ering broke his own Welsh 
record with 17.57 metres. . 


Paul Newmaii, the' 62-year- 
old American actor, won the 
Lime Rock Bendix Trans- 
American motor race on Sat- 
urday. Driving a Nissan 300 
ZX, he averagsd ^1.049 mpb 
for the 66 laps and finished 
less than half a second ahead 
of his closest rivaL 


Gough signs 

Tottenham Hotspur yes- 
terday completed the signing 
of Richard Gough. Dundee 
United's Scottish inter- 
national defender, fora fee of 
around £700.000- . . 

Earlier report, page 28 

Running riot 

Canterbury, a New Zealand 
provincial side. scored an em- 
phatic 30-10 victory over the 
touring. Australian rugby 
union ream at Lancaster Park 
on Saturday. The New Zea- 
landers scored four tries and 
conceded just one, inflicting 
on the -Australians. their- first 
defeat in eight matches on 
tour. / . • 

World records 


Donkova’s rise 

From Fat Butcher, Athletics Corespondent, Cologne 
It did not need a crystal ball ran 1 137. before comi 

to see that Jordanka Dankova, 

of Bulgaria, was goma to brrak 

the 100 metres hurdles world 
record soon. But to break it 
twice inside an hour here 
yesterday simply emphasized 
her current pre-eminence m 
an event in which she was not 
even national record-holder a 
month ago. 

That accolade belonged to 
Ginka Zagorcheva, who was 
second yesterday. But, after 
taking 0.02 seconds off her 

own and Gra 2 yna Rabsztyn s 
world record of II 

n 1137. before coming hoe; 

The weather was perfect at 
the start of foe meeting forthe 
heat, and there was a slight 
following wind when tire ran 
1134 seconds. She said after- 
wards: “I knew then that ifibe 
weather stayed the same 1 
could do even better." And 
even a 0.40 metres per second 
head wind in the final did not 
stop her taking the record 
even further • down. Miss 
Donkova will not run again 
until the European champion- 

• * * * «n j • 


1236 seconds 

in the heat. Miss Donkova 
took the record to 12.29 in me 
final, winning by three metres 
from Miss Zagorcheva. 

Miss Donkova first came to 
prominence in 1982 when she 
set four national records, the 
best of which was 12.44 
seconds, and finished second 
in the European champion- 
ships, and seventh in the 
pentathlon, ’ at which she 
scored a creditable 6,187, m 
1983. But her hurdling lan- 
guished in that and the follow- 
ing year because of severe 
knee problems. These she has 
had since since 1 980 and they 
her lime down to 13.24 sec- 
onds last year, good enough 
for only 50th place in the 
world. Meanwhile, Miss 
Zagorcheva had taken the 
Bulgarian record with 12.42 

Miss Donkova retrieved the 
national record with 12.40 at 
the Goodwill Games in Mos- 
cow just over a month ago, 
one of only four competitions 
that Miss Donkova had at the 
beginning of the season. She 
then went back into training 
and emerged in this last week 
with the will and tire form to 
do even better. She ran 12.38 
seconds in Budapest last Mon- 
day, 1136 in Vienna last 
Wednesday, equalling Miss 
Rabsztyu’s record in Warsaw 
in 1980. Then, in Berlin on 
Friday night. Miss Donkova 

ships in Stuttgart in 10 days’ 

time. But sire said that if 

weather conditions were snip, 
for she feels that she can get 
dose to 12.10 seconds. 

It needed those two fine 
runs by Miss Donkova to 
relegate Said Aouita to second 
place in the proceedings in this . 
latest Mobil Grand Prix meet- ! 
ing. But the Moroccan had 
another extraordinary run ra 
the 3,000 metres, even better 
than in Zurich last Wednes- 
day. This time Aouita was 
only 0.13 sec outside Hemy 
Rono's worid record, and this 
is sorely, another case for 
ignoring die crystal ball 

The . initial pace was less 
frenetic than in Zurich, with a 
231.24 first kilometre here. 
The pacemakers had dropped 
out by two kilometres, in 
5.04.75, and only Paul 
Kipkocch was able to stay 
with Aouita, and then only 
until the last fop when the 
Moroccan ran right away, for j 
the third time in 10 days • 
missing a world record by a 
fraction. This time he clocked 
732.23. But. with two weeks 
back on the training track, 
during the European' 
championships. Aouita will be 
preparing for Sieve Cram at 
the l.SOO metres in Brussels 
on September 5. Sydney 
Maree finished off yesterday^ 
proceedings in the 1,500 me- 
tres with victory in 3.32.56. 

Results, page 27 

Bndd finds perfect . 

response to Wade 

By Cliff Temple 

Not for the first time, Zola characteristic way, with. Mrs 

Budd managed to end a bleak 
spell in her career m dramatic 
fashion when she outsprinted 
Rimy Wade, the double 
Commonwealth Games gold 
medal winner, over 1,500 
metres at Hendon yesterday in 
the HFC women’s 

It was the dash which did 
not happen ai the Common- 
wealth Games, when Miss 
Budd was declared ineligible, 
and it is quite possible that the 
result in Edinburgh might 
have been different 

It was Mrs Wade, rep- 
resenting Wales in the match 
against England, Poland, and 
Scotland, who was really seek- 
ing the race, and Miss Budd 
(worried, she admitted, after 
her recent poor form) had 
actually sought to switch to 
the 800 metres. Butas she had 
originally been selected for 
that, and then changed to 
1,500 metres, the team' 
management for once was not 
willing to comply with her 
request ' 

But she bore the pressure 
welL After leading in her 

Wade predictably poised ai 
her shoulder, the final Mb* 
seemed about to fell down the 
bock straight when - the 
Commonwealth champion 
moved ahead. But this time, 
Miss Budd was able to. re- 

In her. last competitive 
appearance before the Euro- 
pean championships m Stutt- 
gart next week, a poor result 
could have further under- 
mined her confidence and 
raised questions as to whether 
she should still double up at 
1,500 and 3,000 metres. As-i! 
was, her time of 4min 05.56sec 
re-established her as a con* 
tender, while Mrs Wade ran 
her fastest time this season of 

In a rather flat inter* 
national one of the other 

highlights was the hurdling Of 
Sally Gu 

Sally Gunnell, the Common* 
wealth title-holder, who 
docked her fastest time to win 
in 13.1 lsec, while in the high 
jump. Diana Davies cleared 
her best height of the season, 
1.92 metres, in second place. 




All-the-way British 
inched out at finish 

By Jim Kjuftm 

The would championships 
began on a perfect note at 
Nottingham jyesterday. The 
sun chased away the 
morning's threatening clouds; 
the water conditions were very 
good; and from the first race 
there was drama and excep- 
tional competition in the heats 
of the men's lightweights and 
women's heavyweights. 

The first race— a neat of the 
men's lightweight single sculls 
— ’ brought together three 
exceptional scullers in an 

event in which only one 
)r Fri 

qualifies directly for Friday's 
semi-finals whilethe remain- 
der are. banished to 
Wednesday’s repechages. 

The line-up inducted Peter 
Antonie, of Australia, the 
favourite on form; Raimund 
Haberi, of Austria, who has 
twice been world champion; 
and Bjarne Htang, of Den- 
mark, who also has been twice 
world champion and who 
broke Steve Redgrave, of Brit- 
ain. in this year’s Diamonds' 
at Henley Royal Regatta. 

El tang gave up the ghost 
halfway down the course. 
Haberi, aged 36, - wore the 
Australian down for his first 
defeat of the season in the last 
500 metres. Haberi first won 
this title a decade ago in 
Villach in his native country. 

The other heat winners 
yesterday were an impressive 
Glen Fiona, of United States, 
and a -surprised Mark Emke; 
ofTbe Netherlands. 

Britain's men's lightweight 
coxless-four were in another 
thriller in which they were 
drawn against Australia, 

United Stales, Hun_ 

Japan. Three qualified forth* 
semi-finals but Britain and 
Australia decided to press jar 
psychological advantage* The 
Australians, after winning j? 
Lucerne, were beaten by ti£ 
Britons for the Common- 
wealth Games gold medal. '. 

Britain led . from start w 

finish, rating higjvbot could 

not dispatch the Australia!* 
who inched back to within 4* 
hundredths of a second at$® 
finish, with United States'll 1 
third place; 

There was no love lost- IP 
tftis beat, nor was there in ti* 
men's lightweight double 
sculls. This time Britain's C^J 
Smith and Allan. Whitw?*' 
were drawn against the Freoffi 
world champion combinstiQfl 
of Crispon and Renault aw 
again three were to qualify for 
the next .round. The Brit® 
and French were at eacD 
other's throats. . there being 
only four-hundredths oft * 
second between them wJJ 
500 metres to go, before tw 
British stretched out to wfoby 
a third of a length. . • 

Britain's men's' Uglitweigat 
tight, together with tv 
women’s coxed four aw 
coxless pair, were rckgattdlP 
Wednesday's repechages for * 
last chance to reach n**‘ 
weekend’s finals. . 

• A proposal from the Sovg 
Union to expel South Africa 
from the International Rwj 
ing Federation was defeat 6 " 
by 69 votes to 28, with IjHj 
abstentions, in a secret baliw 
at congress on Saturday; 


' ‘tj; 



Results, 1 * 8 *'