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THE 



Si 


No 62,541 


Si Stalker could 


Mae/' *£s - " 



'■O 




face tribunal 


• — - 
, ■*' rj 7 


on 10 counts 


■ 'Zy*'. 




irs! 


Hkr 


Jined •' 

Birr 


* , ‘ The confidential report into 
, r i; k Mr John Stalker, the sus- 
. ’ pended Deputy Chief Con- 
: V ». stable of Greater Manchester. 

- ■ 1 - 1 ir . recommends that he face a 

■ disciplinary tribunal on 10 
■■■•’..'-V**. separate counts. ’ 

■ Mr Colin Sampson. Chief 
* % Constable of West Yorkshire. 

who fed the nine-week in- 
' . \ ft ; ; vestrgation. says that the disci- 
*■ e‘ plinary offences demonstrate 
' . \ Tc -tv' a "less than excellent standard 
„ 8tfc*‘ of professional performance’*. 

, 'fr. In a conclusion to the 145- 
page summary of his in- 
vestigation. delivered to the 
‘ ‘i-ii; members of the Greater Man- 
: Chester Police Authority ye*- 
-• : terday. Mr Sampson adds: “I 

• a am of the opinion that the 

- & evidence supports, indeed de- 
' k r mands. that it be venulated 
... before an independent 

- v.i'ifjk tribunal" 

The Labour-controlled - 
i authority meets tomorrow to 

• : , ^ consider what action to take 
i, ° " l .? "h?? over the report, which recom- 

^ hi. mends disciplinary action on 
"“'-ft ! jo eounts which are under- 
"itofi,. sl00£ j jo allege discreditable 
ii. conduct and disobedience to 

- S* orders. 

Mr Roger Rees, the clerk to 
the authority, laid out three 

- t- -7 courses of action open to 

• : »L; members: they could deride to 
'-x: d 5'. take no action: they could 
■ r •'! instigate their own disri- 

- . - i ... ,7 pi i nar> proceedings or opt for 

an independent tribunal un- 
'■ ^ der the aegis of the Lord 

'• Chancellor. 

>cnr. Last night it appeared that 
iLVrLj - -, o, e authority would decide 

- -vrre that the matter should go to 


By Peter Davenport 
lribunal.lt would be the first 


such tribunal to be held under Taylor, aged 54. has no crim- 
the 1984 Police and Criminal inai record and that there has 


the 1984 Police and Criminal 
Evidence Act. 


The report by Mr Sampson criminal allegations against 


is also believed to aO 
“naivety* on the part of 


Tomorrow 


The inside 
outsiders 


j : !tii 

r 

l 


‘■.r. t? HP 

f.y ‘V‘( C 


A look at Israel’s 
Ultra Orthodox. 
Jews, thought 
by some to be 
‘more trouble 
than the Arabs’ 


• The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of £4,000 was 
won yesterday by Mr 
C.Miers of London, 
N.W.1. Details, page 3. 

• Portfolio list, page 
19; rules and how to 
play, information 
service, page 14. 


\ us™ 

to rwf*' 

CT0 


Hanson faces 
seven charges 


A man has been charged with 
seven offences relating to the 
four-day disappearance of 
Miss Sarah Lambert, a Lon- 
don secretary. Joseph Michael 
Hanson, aged 41. will appear 
before magistrates at Ealing, 
west London, this morning. 


Danish influx 




Denmark is to meet UN 
officials over the problem of 
asylum-seekers, mainly Sri 
Lankans, flooding across the 
West German border Page 4 


Heart appeal 


An appeal has been launched 
for £2 1 5.000 to carry out heart 
transplants at the Great 
Ormond Street Hospital for 
Sick Children, London Page 3 


Student party 


About 1 .200 Johannesburg 
students celebrated the third 
birthday of the United Demo- 
cratic Front, one of the main 
vehicles for opposition to the 
Government Page 5 


Robson again 


Bobb> Robson has been in- 
vited to continue as England 
manager by the Football 
Association until after the 
nevt World Cup Finals in 
1990 Page 30 


- -r '• 

• / 


Home News 2-4 Par> 10 

Overseas , 4-7 frames 8.10 
Appis 12.17 Lan Report 25 
Arts 13 Leaders II 

Bitthuteaibs. Letters It 

nftTiiges 12 Obifuan 12 
Books*) Science 12 

Bridge 12 Sport 25-2&30 

Business 15-20 Tneatraortc 29 
Chess 2 TV & Radio 29 

Church 12 tnhcrdlks 12 
(non 12 WhiIIht. 14 


( rosMturds X.I4 Will* 


* * * * -fit -ft 




Kerin Taylor, a Manchester tious about his friendship with 

a. - m T—.l— !_■ I* 


businessman. 


Mr Taylor as his friend's 


It also mentions bv name a apparent wealth increased. 


Chester, known as the Quality Sampson recommends disci- 
tt, --V . - mw ;. pH nary anion because of un- 


-.7 w i-‘ iC associations whb crim- 

r* inals revolve around the 

;>• - ;• ’. ' friendship with Mr Taylor. 

■ : 1 ,*^ The events were a party for 
npy k % • ■ . 'jjKt Mr Taylor's 50th birthday at 
his home neaT Bury, a wed- 
ding anniversary celebration 
iPlwjVSI'ap: . 'm for Mr Taylor and his wife 

f ■ Wb Beryl, a function at Swtnton 

HL^»yA- - ' mp Rugby League Club and the 

• JL Manchester Conservative 

.Association annual ball 
V ” Also included is a nine-day 

holiday that the two men 

- .. „ shared aboard Mr Taylor's 
Mr Sam pson: E vidence vacM in , 9g , 

demands a tnbnnal - -fh c report also recom- 

Streei Gang, which senior mends disciplinary action for 


Mr Sampson: ’Evidence 
demands a tribunal' 


officers believe-to be involved the alleged misuse of police 
in organized crime. Some of vehicles on five occasions. 


them were said to have at- They are said to be a trip to a 
tended social functions at Masonic Hall in Dukinfield in 
which Mr Stalker and Mr Greater Manchester, a lunch 


Taylor were presenL 


at Manchester City Football 


Mr Sampson's report runs Club, a reception at police 
to 1.500 pages in seven vok headquarters, a police fiinc- 


umes. Included are statements tion at Manchester United 
from 154 witnesses, two vol- and a visit to Swinton Rugby 


umes of exhibits and 64 Club. 

photographs of individuals Mr Stalker has always tn- 


and locations linked to the sisied that the five car jour- 


investigation. 


Continued on page 14, col 1 


Fleming 
arrives 
in Miami 


Fourteen 
die in US 
massacre 


--ByOorFwign-StafF 

Mr John Fleming, who is 
wanted in Britain . for 
questioning in connection 
with the £26 mDlion Brinks 
Mat gold bullion robbery inj 
1983. arrived in Miami. Flor- 1 
ida. 1st night after being 
deponed from Costa Rica. 

Mr Fleming said before ; 
leaving Costa Rica that he was , 
willing to stand trial in 
Britain. 

.Asked ifhe was innocent, he , 
replied: “Yes I am ~. 

Costa Rican officials con- 
firmed late on Tuesday that 
Mr Fleming was being ex- 
pelled after the country's Su- 1 
preme Court rejected his 
request to be released on a writ , 
of habeas corpus. 

The court met in a lengthy I 
session on Tuesday afternoon 
to consider a bid by Mr 
Fleming's Costa Rican lawyer i 
to free him because he had I 
committed no crime there. 

Sefior Guido Fernandez, the ’ 
Costa Rican minister of home I 


laree. modern one-storey post 
office, shooting people as if 
they were sitting ducks, police 
said. 

A police spokesman said 
Sherrill had refused to nego- 
tiate with authorities who had 
surrounded the building after 


affairs, said that Mr Fleming ^ a 

employee. 


| was “a hot potato • 

Last week the legislative 
assembly in Costa Rica passed 
j a tough new immigration law. 

President Arias said that an 
estimated 250.000 foreigners 
lived there. 10 per cent of the 
country's population. Costa 
Rica and Britain have no 
extradition treaty and officials 
in the central American coun- 
, try denied that any deal had 
been- made between the 
American. British, and Costa 
Rican authorities. The Costa 
Rican authorities said that Mr 
Fleming entered Costa Rica 
on July 25 from Spain, travel- 
ling on his own valid passport, 
which contains a United 
States entry’ visa. Scotland 
Yard sent a detective to Costa 
Rica. 

Mr Fleming had been held 
since the weekend in a prison 
outside San Jost 


employee. 

“We have received two 
reports, one that Sherrill 
worked for an hour before 
going to his car and removing 
several guns and another that 
he just walked in through the 
employee's entrance and start- 
ed shooting," Mr Ray Elliott, 
an assistant prosecutor, said. 

Mr Elliott said Sherrill 
killed one person in the car 
park and 13 others and him- 
self inside. Two guns, a .45 
caliber revolver and a 9 mm 
pistoL have been recovered. It 
is believed he had a third gun. 

When police, who had sur- 
rounded the post office, broke 
their way inside they found 
bodies of men and. women 
everywhere and seven injured 
survivors. 

Two of the survivors were 
badly injured and doctors 
were struggling to save their 
lives, authorities said. 


TIMES 


THURSDAY AUGUST 21 1986 


The report stresses that Mr 


inai record and that there has 
never been any suggestion of 


Mr Stalker. 

It is understood that Mr 


Stalker, aged 47, concerning Sampson says that Mr Stalker 
his 17-year friendship with Mr should have been more cau- 


group of criminals in Man- The matters on which Mr 


Violent 

football 

players 

warned 


UK ‘faces disaster 
on trade balance’ 


By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

A - warning to footballers 


By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Britain faces a record bal- According to the 1 
ance of payments deficit slow Institute's projectio: 
growth and rising inflation, PSBR will be more t 
according to a gloomy forecast billion next year, even 
published last night by the tax cuts. 

National Institute for Eco- The forecast assum 


from a Scottish law chief nomic and Social Research, 
yesterday that violem behav- A sharp rise in the public 


- Edmond, Oklahoma fReo- 
tef) — A postal worker threat- 
ened with dismissal from his 
part-time job ran amok yes- 
terday. shooting and killing 14 
of his fellow workers in a post- 
office here before committing 
suicide, officials said. 

It was foe third worst mass 
killing in American history. 

Officials said Sandy “Pat" 
SherrilL aged 44, who served 
in foe Vietnam war, began 
killing after showing up for 
work at foe main post office in 
this Oklahoma City suburb. 

He had been threatened 
with dismissal on Tuesday for 
not paying attention to his 
work. 

Sherrill apparently armed 
with at least two pistols, 
seemed to have roamed the 


iour may in future, be pros- 
ecuted could herald a new 
tough government policy to 
tackle on-pitch violence as 
well as on foe terraces. 

Mr Peter Fraser, MP, Solic- 
itor General for Scotland, said 
that footballers, who delib- 
erately boot or bun oppo- 
nents. would now be liable to 
prosecution. 

Mr. Ffaser.-a hardliner: on. 
crowd trouble, said “I am not 


sector borrowing requirement 
fPSBRl is also forecast even 


(PSBR) is also forecast even 
without tax cuts by foe Chan- 
cellor. Interest rates are ex- 
pected to remain at about 
present levels for the next 18 
months. 

The National Institute's 
gloom on the balance of 
payments and public sector 
borrowing, in its latest quar- 
terly review, is due to contin- 
ued ofl price -weakness and 


going to tolerate violence on declining North Sea output 


when we are trying to I The current account is fore- 


stop it on the terraces. If cast to swing into deficit 
players start setting about each during foe second half of this 


other with their fists, I want to 
know about it ' 

“Some people seem to think 
that foe criminal laws are 
suspended when they walk on 
to a football pitch. They have 
another thought coming to 
them. 

“If statements were submit- 
ted to the Scottish law officers 
from police, attending football 
matches, concerning violent 
incidents on foe pitch, which 
in normal circumstances 
would .be considered an as- 
sault or breach of foe peace, 
they would be treated very 
seriously indeed." 

Mr Fraser said he appre- 
ciated foe problems of “look- 
ing towards a prosecution 
while the game is actually in 
play" But he was concerned 
that even after foe referee’s 
whistle, “when there is no 
reason for any contact people 
should think they can cany on 
m this way." 

Mr Fraser made it clear he 

Continued on page 14, col 5 


year, leading to a £5.8 billion 
deficit next year. ■ 

The authors concede that 
precise figures for foe balance 
of payments are difficult to 
predict. But they add: “It 
seems reasonably certain that 
— after sue years of substantial 
surplus on current account 
when the surplus on oil trade 
was mounting — the balance of 
payments will be transformed 
by foe fall in oil prices." 

A similar transformation is 
expected for the Govern- 
ment’s finances. Treasury 
plans are for a PSBR of about 
£7.5 billion next year, and it is 
assumed foal this will allow 
room for tax cuts. 


Oil search 
in streets 
of Paris 




Paris — The French petrol 
companies Elf-Aquftaine and 
Total are to prospect for oil 
under foe streets of Paris and 
in its suburbs (Susan Mac- 
Donald writes). 


Editor to 
face Tory 
discipline 


Elf-Aquitaine has a 50 per 
nt bolding. Total bolds 35 


NO 

HotM 
ON f 

rm\ 







cent bolding. Total holds 35 
per cent and BP 15 percent 

Work began on Monday in 
the suburbs and will begin in 
foe city itself in a few weeks. 
Elf-Aquitaine says. 

Convoys of "vibrator" lor- 
ries. emitting sonic waves to 
determine rock formations, 
are first touring foe areas. 

' Where signs are promising, 
a temporary well will be dug in 
a way least likely to disrupt 
daily life. Any further excava- 
tions will be horizontal under- 
ground, starting from a point 
outside Paris. 


Dawn vigil for a chance of a lifetime 


From David Watts 
Tokyo 

H was foe opening of foe 
job-hunting season in Japan 
yesterday. Competition is so 
fierce that students were queu- 
ing outside foe big corpora- 
tions by 5.30 am as foe annual 
bunt got off to an unusually 
early start. 

The annual ritual is one of 
foe most crucial rites of pas- 
sage in foe life of a young 
Japanese. 

Most will work Tor the rest 
of their lives with foe com- 
pany they now choose, dictat- 
ing their status in society, 
marriage prospects and a 
whole range of other facers to 


dustries which are reforming year the Government made a 
to meet increasing competi- virtue of necessity and ad- 


UOTL 

Those industries which 
have fewer jobs to offer this 


vanced foe date by 40 days. 

This year some young job- 
seekers were outside foe of- 


year are all in sectors where . fices of one of Japan's newly- 
Japan has more than proved privatized and most attractive 


itself and where foe job- 
hunters seem to feel foe best is 
Over — in the metal industry, 
which is offering 33.2 per cent 
fewer places: car manufac- 
turing. down by 28.6 per cent: 
and machinery, down 15.1 per 


corporations, Nippon Tele- 
graph and Telephone (NTT), 
at dawit 

But NTT5 attractions were 
so played up by the Tokyo 
press that many students 
wrote it off as hopeless and 


cent, according to a survey of stayed away. Only 98 turned 
17 industries by an economic up for foe initiation meeting. 


newspaper. In electronics, 
there are 13.6 per cent fewer 
places. 

The hunt is so competitive 
that the Government has had 


which a young Westerner to lay down guidelines for 
gives barely’a passing thought recruitment by’ sening a date 


Their choice of future em- 
ployer. taken together with the 
pattern of jobs on offer, shows 
j clear shift into ncul> pn- 
\ au/ed firms and sen. ice 


before which no student might 
be “head-hunted". 

That rule has been . so 
n iundi> ignored both b> com- 
panies ’and students that this 


Employment patterns this 
year are being guided by the 
two most important factors in 
foe Japanese economy: foe 
relatively low level of activity, 
and the strength of foe ven, 
which is causing many firms 
to slow down recruitment 
As a result there are at least 
7 per cent fewer jobs for 
graduates this year, the first 
sear that, in theory at leasL 


men and women are compet- 
ing equally. 

There were certainly more 
women than last year in foe 
queues 

There are 20.000 more jobs 
for women than there were 
last year, in line, no doubt 
wifo foe shift to service 
industries. 

But yesterday's round was 
just foe start of a process 
which will continue until 
November, when the com- 
panies make foeir selection of 
foe new crop of graduates. 
Then at least foe students will 
know whether or not they are 
safe. If they are. foe men can 


By Nicholas Wood 
and Robin Young 

The editor of the Tory 
student magazine which ac- 
cused Lord Stockton of war 
crimes is likely to be dis- 
missed from his post when the 
national committee of the 
Federation of Conservative 
Students meets to consider the 
case next Thursday. 

It is understood that senior 
party figures have made it 
clear to the FCS leaders that a 
lesser sanction against Mr 
Harry Phibbs, aged 20. will 
will not be enough to defuse 
party anger. 

The emergency meeting has 
been called by Mr John 
Bercow. PCS chairman, who 
has accused Mr Phibbs of 
breaching party rules by 
publishing an interview with 
Count Nikolai Tolstoy, the 
historian, without consulting 
Toiy Central Office. 

Mr Phibbs said yesterday 
that he thought be would be 
allowed to stay in foe party, 
but that the hierarchy would 
do aU it could to wreck his 
political ambitions. 

He denied that be had 
breached party rules, saying 
that he had not been informed 
of any conditions about clear- 
ing material for publication. 
He said he would fight any 
moves to remove him from 
his elected post on foe na- 
tional committee. 

The issue of the magazine. 
AVir Agenda, which is foe 
subject " of writs from Mr 
Norman TebbiL foe Conser- 
vative pam chairman, was 


look forward to. an average ^ firel 1Q ^ published as a 

national magazine of the FCS. 
148.500 y-en (£646) and foe p rev iouslv it was edited by 


women 145.300 yen. 

What the Japanese call foe 
“pre-harvest rice transaction" 
mav be a thing of the past. But 
the principle remains the 
same 


Mr Phibbs and published by 
the Greater London Federa- 
tion ofCon>cr\ arise Students 
under the pumess of thv 
C ontinutfd on page 14. col 8 




Iranian rivals 


accuse each 


other on blast 


By Nicholas Beeston and Stew art Tendler 


Return from the mountain of death: The two sur vivor s of the K2 tragedy, Willi Bauer 
(foreground) and Knit Diemberger, arriving at Rome airport yesterday accompanied by 
Hen- Oiemberger’s wife. The British climbers Alan Rouse and Julie Tallis, two fellow Aus- 
trians and two Poles, one of them a girl, died on the 28,000ft peak. 


According to the National 
Institute's projections, the 
PSBR will be more than £1 1 
billion next year, even without 
tax cuts. 

The forecast assumes an oil 
price of $12 a barrel, some- 
what below foe present price 
of about $ 14.50 a barrel. 

Inflation, at present 2.4 per 
cent is expected to rise to 3.5 
per cent by foe end of the year, 
and 5.5 per cent by the end of 
next vear. as the favourable 
effects fade of last winter's 
sharp drop in oil prices. 

With earnings growth ex- 
pected to fell slightly from 7.5 
to 7 per cent growth in real 
incomes, and thus consumer 
spending, will be hiL 
The institute predicts slow 
growth in Britain of 1.8 per 
cent both this year and next 
below last year's 3.6 per cem 
expansion, and also less than 
foe projected world growth of 
2.6 per cem this year and 322 
per cem next year. 

Unemployment is expected 
to fell slightly, from 3.15 
million for foe adult total at 
the end of this year, to 3.06 
million at foe end of next 
• Britain's gross domestic 
product on an output basis, 
rose by 0.5 per cem in the 
second quarter, and was 1.5 
per cem up on a year earlier, 
confirming the sluggish ( 
growth pattern of foe past few 
months. 

Comment page 17 1 
Inflation forecast page 20 


Scotland Yard's anti-terror- 
ist branch last night was 
studying foe results of a post- 
mortem examination on an 
Iranian killed by a bomb blast 
in Kensington, as opponents 
and supporters of the Kho- 
meini regime blamed each 
other for the blast. 

Mr Bijan Fazali, aged 22, 
from north London was 
pulled from the basement 
rubble of bis father's shop in 
Kensington High Street but 
died later in hospital. The 
explosion injured 12 others 
and marks the return of 
violem Middle Eastern poli- 
tics to the streets of London 
after a lull of more than a year. 

Defectives are treating foe 
explosion as a bomb blast 
after ruling out earlier specula- 
tion that a gas leak could have 
been responsible. The in- 
vestigation has been taken 
over by officers from the ami- 
terrorist branch led by Det 
Chief Supt David Dixon. 

They are trying to discover 
whether Mr Fazali killed him- 
self by handling explosives 
destined for the Iranian Con- 
sulate building, which adjoins 
the rear of foe shop, or if he 
was foe victim of a Khomeini 
assassin. The dead man's fa- 
ther is a noted opponent of the 
Khomeini regime and foe 
shop was a base for propa- 
ganda or literature. 

There have been no warn- 
ings or police intelligence of 
operations by a Khomeini 
assasination team in London. 
The last incident involving 
Iranian politics in London 
was foe Iranian Embassy siege 
in 1980. 

The dead man and two 


others were in foe shop jn the 
the bomb went off. Police 
want to know whether foe two 
were in the basement with Mr 
Fazali or know anything about 
the bomb. 

Yesterday forensic sci- 
entists and police searched ihc 
rubble for clues of the device, 
which could have been left by 
an assassin or possibly deliv- 
ered as a parcel. 

It gutted the basement and 
first floor of the shop which 
stocks anti-Khomeini wdeo 
films. 

Among those, was j satirical 
video about foe Khomeini 
regime, called The \ * s 
5/knr. which was made by Mr 
Reza Fazali. the dead man's 
father. The Fazali family fled 
from Iran scsen years ago 
after the Islamic revolution. 

Mr Reza Fazali. who lives 
with his wile and two teenage 
daughters in Surrey, was in 
Pans at the lime of the 
explosion, hut returned to 
London yesterday. 

Friends said he usually 
w orked in foe basement of the 
shop and may have been foe 
intended target of the bomb- 
ing. They said he had been 
threatened “at least a dozen 
limes” by anonymous tele- 
phone callers, who told him to 
stop his campaign against 
Khomeini. 

Earlier this month the 
words “your death is coming" 
were written in Persian on the 
front or the Fazali \ idco shop. 

But yesterday the Iranian 
embassy said in a statement 
that the bombing was a bun- 
gled terrorist attempt by an 
“unidentified group" to attack 
the consular offices next door. 


Wapping talks to 


resume, says Willis 


By Michael McCarthy 


Talks between the print 
unions and News Inter- 
nationa] over foe Wapping 
dispute are likely to be re- 
sumed within foe next ..few 
days, after a 10-week dead- 
lock. 

Mr Norman Willis, TUC 
general secretary, who has 
been trying to set up foe 
meeting, said yesterday that 
an five unions involved in the 
dispute .would be attending. 
These are foe NGA, Sogat *S2. 
foe AUEW. EETPU and the 
NUJ. The aim would be to 
continue negotiations without 
any preconditions, he said. 

The talks follow a visit to 
the United States at the end of 
June by Mr Eric Hammond, 
foe electricians' leader, during 
which he sought foe agree- 
ment of Mr Rupert Murdoch, 
chairman of News Inter- 
national, to reopen negotia- 
tions. 

The dispute began seven 
and a half months ago when 


5.500 print workers went on 
strike and were dismissed by 
News International, publish- 
ers of The Times. The Sunday 
Time fr. The Sun and «.:■ 
the World. The company sub- 
sequently moved to its new 
plant in Wapping. 

Dialogue between the com- 
pany and foe unions broke 
down completely at the begin- 
ning of June when the dis- 
missed print workers rejected 
a £50 million compensation 
package which their union 
leaders had negotiated. 

The outstanding point of 
difference between the two 
sides is likely to remain the 
question of reinstatement. 

It was because the settle- 
ment proposed in June did not 
provide for this that hard- 
liners in Sogat and the NGA 
conducted a successful cam- 
paign against the deal, which 
went to a ballot 

Spectrum, page 8 


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TT 






1 


HOME NEWS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY AUGUST 21 1986 




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‘Flaws’ in the 
way state 
industries 
are assessed 


By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 
New measures intended to against full accountability 


make nationalized industries 
accountable to Parliament for 
their efficiency and quality of 
service have been questioned 
by Sir Gordon Downey, the 
Comptroller and Auditor 
General. 

He supested there were 
shortcomings to the system by 
which only the Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission can 
investigate state-run firms, 
and indicated that standards 
of independent scrutiny might 
be tightened if he and the all- 
party Public Accounts 
Committee were allowed to 
inquire into their 
performance. 

The warning is contained in 
a report from the National 
Audit Office reviewing the 
workings of the Competition 
Act 1980, under which the 
monopolies commission was 
designated the investigatory 
authority. 

Sir Gordon concludes that 
government departments 
have found the commission's 
reports useful, and most of its 
recommendations have been 
accepted, but points to areas 
of weakness: 

• The Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry is sole 
arbiter of which industries are 
chosen for detailed scrutiny. 

• Some bodies fall outside the 
scope of the Act because they 
do not supply goods or 
services. 

• The commission cannot in- 
quire into the impact of 
government controls on the 
finances of state-run firms. 

• The commission does not 
have a statutory auditor's 
access to the books and 
records of an organization, 
although they may ask it to 
produce relevant data. 

6 The commission reports di- 
rect to the Secretary of State, 
who can exclude material on 
grounds of public interest 
before laying it before 
Parliament 

Sir Gordon says: “In NAO’s 
view, the question remains 
whether the restriction of 
MMCs action to matters 
refereed to them...milit 2 te 


to 

the 


Parliament in respect 
efficiency and effectiveness of 
the nationalized industries' 
and other public sector bodies' 
use of resources.” 

The report stems from 
review of 10 inquiries by the 
commission from 1981 to 
1984. It says there is scope to 
tighten follow-up procedures 
by the firms under investiga- 
tion and their sponsoring 
departments, and argues that 
the process of choosing can- 
didates for inquiry would 
benefit from more formal 
analysis of the whole field. 

Electricity board 
efficiency praised 

The first report into the 
efficiency of Britain's 
nationalized industries by the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission, which focused 
on the South of Scotland 
Electricity Board, describes 
the organization as efficient 
and well run. 

Business was managed 
skilfully, the commission in 
the report published yes- 
terday. 

The board set itself high 
standards and these had been 
met, particularly in the way it 
generated and distributed 
electricity and in customer 
relations. 

The commission spent nine 
months investigating the 
board's affairs. 

“In the course of our in- 
quiry the board's managers 
have given us plentiful exam- 
ples of competence, imagina- 
tion and flair. We do not 
consider that in respect of any 
of the matters we have investi- 
- gated the SSEB is pursuing a 
course of conduct which op- 
erates against the public 
interest,” the report con- 
cluded. 

Mr Donald Miller, the 
board's chairman, said in 
Glasgow yesterday: “We are 
pleased that the report, after 
such a thorough and wide 
ranging investigation, should 
be so complimentary about 
the way the board conducts its 
business.” 


Sogat members accept 
£40 a week pay cut 


By Alexandra Jackson 

W H Smith, the retail and International business in Lon- 


wholesale newsagent, has 
negotiated a £40 per week 
wage reduction for about 600 
staff members of Sogat ’82 in 
its London wholesale 
operation. 

In addition, 1 18 people in 
the company's wholesale busi- 
ness left last Friday as part of a 
voluntary redundancy 
scheme. 

The pay adjustments were 
negotiated earlier this year, 
bnt were not made public until 
details on voluntary redun- 
dancies were finalized last 
week. 

The changes were made 
necessary by the loss of News 


to 


don after its move 
Wapping, east London, 

Mr Simon Hornby, WH 
Smith chairman, said yes- 
terday that the group had lost 
about £7 million in sales, the 
equivalent of an annual £20 
million in lost turnover, be- 
cause of the News Inter- 
national move. 

He said that if the company 
had not negotiated the deal 
with Sogat, it may have been 
forced to close its London 
wholesale business. 

W H Smith announced that 
pre-tax profits were up by 14 
per cent to £49.2 million. 

Business News, page 16 



Whitehall 
union post 
snub for 
Militant 


£250m in 
work is 
pledged by 
US firm 


9£ 
v 

* \ • • <>'• 's' 


£■* : bohra* -r ... 




Miss Sarah Lambert, the London secretary whose disappearance last weekend started a nationwide search, with her 
- - - .She . - _ . 


parents at their home in Devizes, Wiltshire, yesterday. She was found unharmed but confused at Basingstoke railway 
station in Hampshire on Monday afternoon, after going to meet a whom she claimed had offered her a job. She said 
yesterday: “I know I am not as stupid as I have been made out to be.” 


EEC farm 
budgets 
under fire 


By John Winder 
European Community bud- 


get policy is attacked in a 
se of 


Lords report out 


e 


habitat 


THE COM PIUE-.HOM F---F U RN .1 SH I N G ST E 



House 
today. 

The study says the tendency 
is to substitute promises of 
future commitments for 
present payments, and criti- 
cizes the practice as bad for 
budgetary efficiency. 

The Euro-politicians are 
“promising jam tomorrow to 
divert attention from the lack 
of jam today”, the report, by 
the House of Loras EEC 
Committee, adds. 

It calls for an earlier farm 
price review, and says ev- 
idence showed that EEC term 
rices were set so late that 
rmers faced unnecessary un- 
certainty in crop planting 
decisions. An earlier review 
would make it easier to co- 
ordinate budget and term- 
price derision-making. 

The committee also wants 
the review to coincide with the 
EEC budget process. A time- 
lag between the two allows 
unforeseen circumstances to 
be used as a smokescreen for 
undisciplined price-fixing, it 
contends. 

It also calls for greater 
responsibility to be exercised 
in deciding commitments and 
term prices, saying that the 
Community must not agree 
those where it is manifestly 
unlikely to have the cash to 
pay them. 

The committee seeks closer 
integration of the budget and 
farm price processes, with 
greater awareness of budget 
imils. 

It wants the European Agri- 
cultural Guidance Guarantee 
Fund to be drawn up on the 
level of prices for the coming 
year, as a guideline for price 
fixing, and not on the basis of 
unchanged prices. 

The committee says that the 
Community should use ex- 
ternal management advice, as 
the British Government has 
done. It repeats a previous 
recommendation for a perma- 
nent mechanism, applicable 
to all member states, to ensure 
equitable budgetary burden- 
sharing. 

CowMiiw/y Budget 1986-1987 
(Stationery" Office: £6.S0). 


Nuclear waste 


Sellafield build-up inquiry 


By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 


An urgent inquiry into the 
reasons for an unexpected 
build-up of radioactive waste 
began yesterday at the 
Sellafield nuclear fuel 
reprocessing plant in 
Cumbria. 

Excess radioactivity, which 
halted the plant, was detected 
in effluent stored in special 
tanks before being released to 
the sea. 

Work cannot restart until 
scientists working for British 
Nuclear Fuels discover which 
pan of the plant is generating 
the additional material, be- 
cause pan of die reprocessing 
operation has had to be re- 
versed. The radioactive efflu- 
ent is being returned to a waste 
treatment section for further 
remedies. 

Some of the active sub- 
stances will be removed. The 
remaining liquid will be di- 
luted, which is the simplest 
way of reducing the concentra- 
tion of radioactivity to a level 


for 


that meets regulations 
discharge to the sea. 

BNF hopes to restart the 
reprocessing of between three 
and four tonnes of spent fuel a 
week. If there is a longer delay, 
the fuel rods will have to be 
kept for longer periods in 
cooling ponds at power 
stations. 

The mishap is a serious 
setback for the strategy de- 
vised by advisers to the 
departments of the environ- 
ment and agriculture, in- 
tended to reduce both the level 
of radioactivity and the 
quantities of individual radio- 
nuclides discharged by pipe- 
line into the Irish Sea. 

Progressively tighter restric- 
tions have been imposed in 
the past 10 years on the 
radioactive content of effluent 
from Sellafield. 

The latest cuts came into 
force six weeks ago and were a 
target of a long-term plan that 
included file building of a 
£200 million- installation 


called Sixep (Site Ion Ex- 
change Effluent Plant) for 
reducing the caesium and 
plutonium content of the 
waste streams before they 
reached the sea disposal tanks. 
The ion exchange plant is now 
in operation. 

In addition to restricting the 
amount of material which 
could be pumped to sea, the 
new limits state the periods of 
time for discharges. 

• Anti-nuclear protesters pre- 
vented access yesterday to 
sites at Fulbeck airfield, 
Lincolnshire, and South 
Killinghome, Humberside, 
which have been earmarked as 
low-level radioactive waste 
dumps. 

• Sheep termers in Cum- 
bria who were affected by the 
Government’s Chernobyl 
radiation restrictions have re- 
ceived confirmation from the 
Ministry of Agriculture that 
they will be able to move store 
lambs and breeding sheep to 
the autumn sales. ’ 


The Militant-supporting 
general secretary of White- 
hall's biggest onion yesterday 
failed to win a nomination to 
become its representative on 
(be TUC general conntiL 
Instead, the Gril and Public 
Services Association nation al 
executive nominated Mrs Kate 
Losinska. a senior vice-presi- 
dent, for the position by IS 
votes to six. 

Mr John Macreadie, whose 
election as genera! secretary 
by a majority of 121 votes is 
the subject of an Electoral 
Reform Society inquiry, de- 
scribed the decision as an 
example of the right-wiag 
national executive, “running 
amok”. . 

The onion’s executive de- 
cided last month to delay its 
no mina tion for the TUC seat 
until the end of September, 
when the result of the inquiry 
into alleged ballot irregular- 
ities was to have been made 
known. 

Mr Macreadie said the 
derision was “prejudicial” to 
his position in the ballot 
inquiry- He had been elected 
general secretary, and onion 
members expected him to 
represent them on the TUC 
Normally the general sec- 
retary is automatically elected 
to the TUC general coandL 
Mr Alistair Graham, the 
previous general secretary, 
was replaced by Mr Ray 
Alderson, a communist, for a 
year after the left-dominated 
executive decided that be did 
not frilly pursue CPSA con- 
ference policy. 

Mr Macreadie said: “We 
now have the situation where 
someone who is equally op- 
posed to major aspects of 
conference policy has been 
placed on the general counriL 
It shows how the right-wing 
NEC are running amok in die 
absence of an elected general 
secretary.” 

Mrs Losinska said that 
there was some anxiety within 
the TUC that an automatic 
seat an its general council was 
being left vacant 
“The executive decided that 
we had to be represented and it 
was thought to be inappro- 
priate to nominate any of the 
candidates in the general sec- 
retary election. I was nomi- 
nated as the most senior 
member,” she said. 


Replying to Mr Macreadie’s 
chum on policy, Mrs Losinska 
said: “I would challenge him 
to specify any major aspect of j 
conference policy from which 1 
have departed.” 


The man behind the Stalker inquiry 


Sampson’s steady rise 
to top of force 


By Peter Davenport 

Mr Colin Sampson has been 
chief constable of West York- 
shire for three years and has 


spent most of his career in the 
fore 


orce. 

Now aged 57 be joined the 
old West Riding police in 
November 1949 when he was 
20. He was bora at Stanley, 
near Wakefield, on May 26, 
1929 and joined the police 
after service with the Duke of 
Wellington Regiment 
He was promoted to ser- 
geant in September 1 958. Five 
years later he was promoted to 
detective inspector and in 
November 1964 moved to 
Rotherham as detective chief 
inspector. 

Three years later he was 
promoted to detective super- 
intendent and in September 
1967 he moved to the CID 
administrative headquarters 
later serving as a district 
detective superintendent 


In February 1970 he was 
promoted to chief superin- 
tendent and deputy divisional 
officer in Barnsley. He re- 
turned to force headquarters 
the following year as the 
commandant of the force 
academy. In June 1973 he was 
appointed assistant chief con- 
stable. Three years later he 
moved to the Nottingham- 
shire force as deputy chief 
constable, returning to West 
Yorkshire four years laler. 

He became chief constable 
in June 1983. 

Mr Sampson has been com- 
mended three times in his 
career and was awarded the 
Queen’s Police Medal in 1979. 

He is married with two sons. 

In Marcfa 1984, one of his 
sons, Robert, then aged 24, 
and a constable in his tether's 
force, was jailed at Leeds 
Crown Court for stealing 
£1,000 from a friend. 


Teachers’ campaign 
threat to school peace 


By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 


Hopes for industrial peace 
in schools may be dashed as 
the second biggest teaching 
union plans a campaign 
against the Coventry agree- 
ment struck last month. 

in a bulletin distributed to 
its 128,000 members, the Na- 
tional Association of 
Schoolmasters/Union of 
Women Teachers 

(NAS/UWT) says: “Once the 
detail and full implications of 
the agreement become known 
a tide of disillusionment and 
determination will sweep 
through teaching.” 

Mr Fred Smithies, ' the 
union's general secretary, adds 
that an excellent opportunity 
was squandered in Coventry. 
His union refused to sign the 
agreement, and the bulletin 
explains why: “The maximum 
salary for teachers' on' the 
Main Professional Grade, 
which will include most teach- 
ers. is set at £14,000. rising to 
£14,500 in September next 
year”. 


That is considered too low 
by the NAS/UWT which was 
keen to secure a maximum for 
classroom teachers of about 
£16,000, particularly in view 
of the number of hours 
employers want teachers to 
work — 195 days a year. 

The union says another 
obstacle is that there is no 
mechanism to protect 
teachers' pay, and. that 
teachers* “voluntary duties” 
continue under the guise of j 
“the full professional role”. 

“The employers see the 
Coventry agreement as an 
opportunity to set a radically 
new pattern for teacher 
employment". 

However, the NAS/UWT 
will be play its part in the 
negotiations to tie up the 
Coventry agreement. It is 
' suspected that the reason Tor 
the union playing a militant 
role is because it has played a 
conciliatory one in the recent 
past, and this has caused 
problems with its members. 


By Rodney Croton 

Defence Correspondent 

A promise to create £250 
million of work for British 
Aerospace, providing more 
than 20.000 man-years of 
work in Britain, was made by 
the American aircraft firm, 
Grumman International, yes- 
terday. It is one of die 
American companies compet- 
ing to replan the British 
Nimrod Airborne Early Warn- 
ing project. 

This was the second big 
salvo to be fired in two day's in 
the battle to replace the Nim- 
rod project, on which £900 
million has so ter been spent 

On Tuesday three of 
Britain's top defence con- 
tractors. Plessey, Racal and 
Ferranti, announced that they 
were teaming up to support 
the bid by Boeing, with its 
Awacs aircraft, to replace 
Nimrod. 

Yesterday Grumman Inter- 
national disclosed that it had 
signed a memorandum of 
understanding with British 
Aerospace under which if its 
proposal to instal its electronic 
equipment in the Nimrod 
airframe was accepted, the 
British company would get 
half the work, worth about 
£250 million. 

Another American bid has 
been made by the Lockheed 
Company, of California. But 
all these bids depend on the 
Nimrod project being can- 
celled because of a failure by 
the British company, GEC. to 
satisfy the ministry' that it can 
meet the Royal Air Force's 
performance standards. 

A spokesman for GEC said 
yesterday: “Our programme is 
going extremely well and we 
are very confident that we will 
be able to demonstrate that we 
have cured the problems.” 

The difficulties that GEC 
have had up to now have been 
in the performance of the 
radar and other electronic 
equipment in the Nimrod. 
Grumman has proposed that 
if GEC cannot complete the 
project, Grumman should in- 
stal in Nimrod a system from 
its E-2C Hawkeye Airborne 
Early Warning aircraft, which 
is in service with the United 
States Navy. 

The Grumman bid is 
thought to have a price of £500 
miltion-£600 minion, which 
would make it perhaps £200 
million, more than the cost of 
completing Nimrod, but not 
mud) more than half the 
procurement- cost^of buying 
Awacs, although Boeing argue 
that over the life of its aircraft 
they would prove cheaper in 
the long run. 

Grumman claim that by 
using the Nimrod airframe, 
although it will have to be 
modified, about 70 per cent of 
the money so ter spent on the 
Nimrod project will be put to 
use. 


Tipster loses 
claim against 


Drive to 
save rare 
flowers 


THE NEW CATALOGUE 


By Alan Toogood 

Horticulture Correspondent 

A desperate race is on to 
save hundreds of garden 
plants from extinction. 

Already some have been lost 
forever, including many old 
cottage tulips, China roses and 
tea roses, because of nurseries 
dosing down, the disappear- 
ance of large private gardens 
and the horticultural trade 
concentrating on best - sellers 
rather than plants that are 
uncommercial, unfashionable 
or difficult and slow to propa- 
gate. 

Rarely found today are such 
former favourites as the saf- 
fron crocus, pink Illy of the 
valley and variegated aspidis- 
tra. 

Also scarce, or unobtain- 
able, are many okl varieties of 
popnlar garden plants, 
particularly clematis, col- 
umbines, bellflowers, wall- 
flowers, carnations, pinks, 
snowdrops, irises, sweetpeas, 
lillies, peonies, poppies, prim- 
roses, scabious, pansies and 
violets. 

To safeguard these and 
many other cultivated plants, 
national collections have been 
established by the National 
Grand] for the Conservation 
of Plants and Gardens. Nearly 
250 collections now exist, each 
devoted to a single group of 
plants- 

Plants in these collections 



will be propagated and distrib- 
uted, and research into ways of 
rapidly propagating plants m 
bulk is now in progress. The 
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 
and other establishments are 
experimenting with 
mkropropagation or plant tis- 
sue culture, a method of 


increasing plants from single 
of cells. 


plant cells, or groups 
which are taken from small 


pieces of seeds, tips of shoots, 
leaves or bulbs. 

Some plants are declining 
because of debilitating virus 
diseases. Meristem culture, in 
which cells from a plant's 
growing point are used fin* 
propagation, could help by 
preventing die transmission of 
virus infection in plants that 
have to be propagated as 
vegetables- 


Iceland 
master’s 
chess win 


newspaper 

Mrs Mary Pye, a racing 
tipster, thought she was on a 
winner when a national news- 
paper agreed to use her 
selections. 

In the seven years she 
supplied tips for the Daily Star 
her record was “absolutely 
exceptional”, at one time hav- 
ing a run of 10 winners. 

However, Mrs Pye, of 
Stoke, Coventry, did not have 
a written contract with Ex- 
press Newspapers and yes- 
terday an industrial tribunal 
in Manchester ruled it had no 
jurisdiction in the case for her 
claim for unfair dismissal 
Mrs Pye, who worked from 
home, said she considered she 
had an oral contract with the 
company and had not worked 
for anyone else during the 
period. She still has sex 
discrimination and equal pay 
claims outstanding against the 
company. 


-Golombek 
s Correspondent 

The Icelandic, grandmaster 
Hjartarson took first prize 
with eight points out of nine in 
the Commonwealth Open 
Chess Championship, spon- 
sored by die London Dock- 
land Development Corpor- 
ation and the City of London 
Development Corporation. 


Council rebels 
aim to keep it 
in the family 


Next came Prasad of India 
and de Finnian of the United 
States, on seven, followed by 
three players: Hebden, En- 
gland; Sharakovich, United 
states and Thipsay of India, 
all on six and a half. Prasad, as 
the highest-placed Common- 
wealth player, won the 
Commonwealth Champion- 
ship. 


Eight players finished with 
six points: Kudrin, Murey, 
Bleimnan, Conquest, Barber. 
Adi Rainer Greenberg, and 
Sinha. 




The Vanishing Garden, pub- 
lished today by John Murray 
(price £15) describes several 
hundred endangered plants 
and suggests ways of 
safeguarding them. . ft was 
written by Christopher 
BrickelL director-general of 
the Royal Horticultural Soci- 
ety, and Fay Sbarnun, writer 
and consultant editor for the 
RHS- 


In the last round Hjartarson 
defeated Kudrin, de Ffrmian 
won against Conquest, 
Hebden won against Murey 
and Prasad took the foil point 
against Thipsay. 


Relatives are set to step into 
the shoes of Liverpool's rebel 
Labour councillors, who are 
teeing disqualification. 

Mrs Judy Nelson, wife of 
Mr John Nelson, is among the 
possible candidates being 
lined up should the 47 mem- 
bers be thrown out of office. 
The tether of Mr Dominic 
Brady, education committee 
chairman, has also been 
named as a likely by-election 
candidate. 

Mr Derek Hatton, deputy 
council leader, said Mrs Nel- 
son and Mr Brady were just 
two of more than 30 possible 
candidates before a selection 
panel. 

He is hoping that none of 
them will have to stand for 
election. “We are confident 
that we are going to win our 
appeal to the House of Lords.” 

Forty-seven council mem- 
bers race disqualification for 
delaying setting last year’s 
rates budget for the city. 


The Tenth . International 
Lloyds Bank tournament 
started yesterday at the Great 
Eastern Hotel in London* with 
the larpest-ever number of 
competitors-. • 


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■Doctors 1 • and ■ nurses ax 
Britain’s^est children's hos- 
pital, in. Great OrmondStreet, 
London, have launched an 
appeal to enable them to cany 
ooi heart transplants. 

The hospital hopes to start a 
programme of up to IS opera- 
tions a year within the next 
few months. This is the num- 
ber of children with congenital 
heart defects who are referred 
toihe hospital each year, but 
die because there is no suitable 
treatment available for them. 

The hospital is hoping for 
funding from .the Department 
of Health, but has started an 
appeal, for £2 1 3,000 to estab- 
lish the programmed That sum 
should pay for five operations 
and provide extra facilities in 
the intensive cardiac care unit. 

. A new cardiac unit is sched- 
uled to open next May. The 
first transplants will lie per- 
formed with the help of car- 
diac sureeons from Papworth 
Hospital, Cambridgeshire. 

About 30 heart transplants 
havebeen performed on in- 
fants or children in Britain, 
either at Papworth or Hare- 
field Hospital, west London. 
The Hospital for Sick Chil- 


By. Thomson Ffcatice* Science Correspondent 

dren would be the first 
children's, hospital -in Britain 
to offer heart grafts. 

Staff have already raised 
more than £1,000 and are 
seeking support from private 
companies, institutions, in- 
dividuals and from a fiind- 
raismg ball to be held in 
London next month. 


geons have carried out suc- 
cessful heart grafts on older 
children. 

Twenty-eight heart trans- 
plants on children, aged under 
14, have been performed at 
Harefidd in the last two years, 
of. whom, seven have died.' 


Two years- ago, . a. baby, 
Holiie Roffey, who was 10- 
days old, became lhe world's 
youngest heart transplant par 
tient after an operation at the 
National Heart -Hospital in 
.London. The . operation was 
carried out by Mfr Magdf. 
Yapoiib, lhe. leading heart 
surgeon at Harefidd. .. 

She lived for 18 days with 
the new heart, but died after 
developing respiratory' prob- 
lems. Although the operation 
was seen by many specialists 
as an important advance, it 
was criticized by others who 
questioned the quality of life 
that infants, who survived 
such surgery, might free. 

Transplants for babies have 
since been rare in Britain, not 
least because of the odds 
against a suitable donor organ 
becoming available, but sur- 


A 1 ^day-old baby received 
a new heart at the hospital in 
March, but died tile same day. 
The youngest surviving pa- 
tient is a girl aged three-and-a- 
haff who underwent the 
stugery in February. A boy, 
who was a few. weeks older at 
foe time of bis operation, has 
just passed his first annual 
check-up. 

The Great Ormond Street 
hospital is more likely to be 
able to help children of school 
age. 

The North West T ham es 
Health Authority, which cov- 
ers Harefieki, said yesterday; 
"It is much more difficult to 
obtain donor hearts for chil- 
dren than ' for adults because 
comparitively few become 
available, and potential donor 
parents are often loo dis- 
tressed to give consent We do 
need more public support.” 


Lessons on gays 
‘likely to fail’ 

By Lacy Hodges, Education Correspondent 
Efforts to introduce “pos- doubt the good intentions of 


itive images” of homosexual- 
ity in schools are likely to frfl 
because children “can smell 
propaganda a mDe oft”, the 
incoming president of the 
Secondary Heads Association 
said yesterday. 

Mr Michael Duffy, head of 
King Edward VI School in 
Morpeth, Northumberland, 
said that children should.be 
taught about homosexuality 
as part of a well developed 
syllabus of health and sex 
education. 

“It is folly for central or 
local government to prescribe 
content iq this sensitive area. 
This is best left to teachers. 
Youngsters can smell propa- 
ganda a mile off and you are 
just as likely to. strengthen 
prejudice as to inculcate pos- 
itive attitudes,” he said. : 

Mr Duffy was replying to a 
letter sent by the north-east 
London bomegfa pfrHarin^' 
gey’s Lesbiatfand Gay Unit to 
Bead teachers asking them lo- 
ensure that all school children 
are taught positive images of 
homosexuality so that prej- 
udice can be eradicaied. 

-He said that he did 'not 


Haringey council, but “they 
are actually likely to be 
counter productive”. 

Mr Kenneth ' Baker, Sec- 
retary of State for Education 
and Science, is concerned that 
Haringey's move may contra- 
vene section 23 of the Educa- 
tion Act on the curriculum. 
He has written to the council 
seeking full details of its sex 
education policy. ■ - 
- In a document published iri 
June, the school' inspectors 
raid that the issue should be 
dealt with objectively and 
seriously. 

Mr Michael Mariand, bead 
of North Westminster 
Community School, central 
. London, was more . sympa- 
thetic: “Schools ought to teadi 
about homosexuality in -con- 
text and that would involve 
describing homosexuality as 
something understandable. Its 
positive features have: to be 
mentioned,” he sakL ... 

He ad- teachers- agreed -that ! 
homosexual teaching- could 1 
indude some history, and a 
description of the law, atti- 
tudes and lifestyles' led by 
homosexuals. 


Let’s make an opera 
idea at primary school 

ByOnr Arts Correspondent 


A group of primary school 
teachers is preparing for the 
new terra in a- more creative 
manner than usual, courtesy 
of the New York Metropolitan 
Opera. 

Throughout this week, the 
18 teachers, from nine schools 
in England and Wales, are 
setting aside ABC readers to 
be instructed in the techniques 
of staging a classroom opera. 

The joint venture with the 
Royal Opera- House has 
brought four members of the 
New York company's educa- 
tion unit to Covent Garden to 
guide the teachers in the 

GM takes the 
wraps off 
new Carlton 

- By Gifford Webb 
Motoring Correspondent 

General Moron yester da y 
released details of its Vanxhall 
Carlton, three moeti . before 
it goes on sale and two months 
before it makes its debut at the 
British Motor Show in 
October. 

It decided to “break cover" 
on its new family saloon 
because of the recent flood of 
similar new models from 
competitors. 

It is claimed; to be the most 
aerodynamicalty efficient sa- 
loon to date with a drag co- 
efficient of only 0,28. It is 20- 
per cent “smoother” than the 
old Carlton, with improved 


creation, production -and 
performance, of opera. 

The £7,000 project, funded 
by the Friends of Covent 
Garden, involves follow-up 
visits by Royal Opera produc- 
ers, technicians and make-up 
artists to schools. 

Miss Pauline Tumbling, the 
Royal Opera education offi- 
cer, said a pilot scheme last 
year had beep a big success. 
“Each of the productions the 
children presented ' was weD 
executed, and quite moving. 
An unexpected bonus was the 
magical effect they had on 
their adult audiences.” 


Employers 

‘reject 

disabled’ 

By Trndi McIntosh ■ 

Employers often blatantly 
discr iminate against disabled 
people who are applying for 
jobs, according to a report 
published by foe Spastics 
Society yesterday. 

The report found that the 
level of discrimination by 
employers' In London was 
“disturbing” and many job 
applications woe dismissed, 
despite the employer's not 
knowing die extent of the 
applicant's disability. 

“Many employers turned 

away applications even though 

it had been stated dearly on 
the job application forms that 
tiie disability did not restrict 
the candidate's career 
development”, Miss Eileen 
Fry, the report's author, said 
yesterday in London. 

“It is a major step for 
disabled people to get as for as 
a job faterriew becanse 
employers are so retactnit to 
interview Jhem.” 

"Ste said a" total' of' 152 
fictitious applications were 
sent this year for secretarial 
positions in the London area 
from disabled appficants and 
applicants who were not dis- 
sMed.. 

The applications were based 
on two equivalent standard 
letters. 

The report found that 97 per 
cent of able-bodied applicants 
received positive responses 
compared with only 59 per 
cent of disabled applicants. 

“Employers’ attitudes are 
often affected by. ignorance, 
fear and baric prejudices”. 
Miss Fry said. 

“There is an extraordinarily 
high- level of discrimination 
*hkfa most form a wider 
pattern in otbex areas of 
employment.” 

An ' Equal Chance for Disabled \ 
People? A Stuefy of Discrimina- 
tion in Employment, 1986 by 
Eileen J=ry (Campaigns (Re- 
search and Resources) Depart- 
ment, The Spastics Society, 12 
Bark Crescent; London WIN 
4EQ). - 



The new Vamdhall 
performance and fuel 
consumption. 

* ll has a wedge-shaped pro- 
file. flush-fining glass, reduced 
air flow into the engine 
compartment, tuned front and 
rear air spoilers, smaller gaps 
between body panels and a 
smooth underbody. 

It is powered by a family of 
1.8 and two-litre four-cyl- 
inder. lean-bum engines, a 


, |! •: 

Carlton 3 litre GSL 
three-litre six-cylinder and a 
23-litre dieseL The four-cyl- 
inder engines can be adjusted 
to use low grade petrol 
But H is the suspension 
system, with a small amount 
of rear-wheel steer, that will 
attract most attention. 

Prices wiU not be released 
before mid-November but are 
expected to range from £9,000 
to£!4,00a 


TV documentary explores secrecy 


By Garin BelL Arts Correspondent 


Plans to evacuate a British 
hospital to bold 115 service- 
men in an emergency are 
among “major disdoswes*’ la 
a pew BRC-2 documentary 
series which starts this 
autumn. 

. An excerpt, shown at a press 
preview yesterday, said hos- 
pital staff airitib^iocai author- 
ity emergency officer were not 
aware of tiro contingency plans 
rader the Government's top- 
secret emergency war laws. 

Another episode in The 
Secret Society, a six-part se- 
ries from BBC Scotland, 
shows how personal details of 
anytody in Britain can be 
obtained ■ from computerized 
registers for 70ft. 

Mr D'scan Campbell, who 
presents the series, pretficted a 
strong reaction to , the ” pro- 


gramme, which wffl be shown 
on November 14. 

“Onr research has . con- 
finned that ft ism the general 
nature of those who have 
information and power to with- 
hold- it in order , to influence 
events. In some eases, govern- 
ment minsters do not realty 
believe what they say- in 
public,” he said. 

* la lie Engfukwomux’s 
Wardrobe, a - documentary hi 
die 40 Mbmtes series, Mis 
Thatcher discloses some ofher 
fashion secrets. Asked where 
she buys her underwear, the 
Prime Minister replies: “Why, 
Maries and Spencer »of comae, . 
doesn't everyone?” 

The lost summer of the 
cricketer, Inn Botham, is the 


documentary. The programme 
shows Botham fishing m Scot- 
land and at home with his 
fiunily. 

Botham wiU also appear hi 
the Open to Qvatwn setks. 
Other nests hi this series; 
inclnde King Hasain of Jor- 
dan, Mary Whitehonse and 
Mr Walter Mondafe, former 
US vice-tnesident. 

A highlight of the BBC-2 
mnsic and arte schedules for 
the autumn will beafeatnreon 
the Franco Zeffirelli film of 
Verdi's opera, Otetto. Starring 
Pfoddo Dsmiigo the pro- 
gramme will be broadcast on 
Sep fesaber 27. 

BBC executives also an- 
nounced 'that there would be 
live coverage of the finale of 
the Bolshoi Ballet's British 
tour oa Angvst 30. 


Family of 
five shot 
by father 

A former detective shot his 
wife and four sons before 
turning the gun on hims elf 
after his wife returned from a 
meeting with her lover, an 
inquest in Camborne, Corn- 
wail. was told yesterday. 

A few hours earlier Mrs 
Linda Gill,' aged 33, had 
visited a solicitor to discuss a 
divorce, the hearing was told. 
Mr Derrick Pepperefl, the 
West Cornwall coroner, re- 
corded verdicts that Mrs Gill 
and her sons, Stephen, aged 
17, Robert, aged 15, David, 
aged nine," and Dorian, aged 
two, were killed unlawfully on 
April 2L 

He further recorded that Mr 
Give Gill aged 42, a 
superintendent registrar of 

births, marriage and deaths, 

killed him sell _ 

The couple had a stormy 
relationship and Mis Gill had 
stopped sleeping with her 
husband, the inquest was tokL 
Det Chief Insp John Fayxer 
said be believed that Mr Gill 
shot' bis wife after ah argu- 
ment, then lulled the oldest 
boy followed by the others. 

Stephen Gill had almost 
certainly been roused by the 
shots that killed his mother. 
He had been getting out ofbed 
to investigate, the hearing was 
told- Mrs Gill and her lover, 
Mr Ray Bryant, aged 21, a 
photographic technician, were 
said to have met in a secret 
seaside rendezvous. 

Mr Bryant, of South Plark, 
Redruth, told the inquest that 
they had discussed their future 
in a waterfront car park. 

He said that Mrs Gill had 
decided not to tell ber hus- 
band immediately about the 
divorce move. 

Mrs Patricia Eddy, a friend 
of Mrs Gill who was acting as 
a cover for Mrs GflTs move- 
ments, had been in a car near 
by, it was said. 

Mrs Eddy, ofRednith High- 
way, who discovered the bod- 
ies next day, told the hearing 
that Mrs GiD had had “a great 
time” during a weekend in 
Leicester with Mr Bryant. 



Pauline Hem m in g , Slimmer of the Year, yesterday with her 
old image punched out (Photograph: Surest! Karadia). 

Frank Bruno inspires 
a 10-stone triumph 


Pauline Hemming started 
sHmming when she round that 
she outweighed Frank Bruno,' 
the heavyweight boxer, by 
three stone. 

Miss Hemming, aged 35, a 
credit controller, from Cres- 
cent Road, Bridgend, 
Gloucestershire, weighed 19.5 
stone last year when she saw 
the 163-stone boxer fight 
Yesterday, 10 stone lighter, at 
9 stone 101h, and with her 
measurements down from 56- 


45-56 to 35-25-36, she came to 
London to receive the £1.000 
Slimmer of the Year prize 
awarded by Slimming 
magazine. 

She said: “We were watch- 
ing with friends and they kept 
going on about bow big Bruno 
was. Then the commentator 
mentioned he was six foot 
three and sixteen and a half 
stone. 

“I realized I was three stone 
more. It hit me like a punch.” 


‘Nervous 
crew’ may 
have led to 
air crash 

By Michael Bail}' 

Transport Editor 

A nervous photographer 
may have caused the crash of 
an Edgley “Bug-Eye” Optica 
by grabbing at the controls, an 
official accident report sug- 
gested yesterday. 

The ihree-seaier aeroplane, 
with its distinctive plastic 
dome cockpit, crashed at 
Ringuood in May last year on 
its first flight for the Hamp- 
shire police. 

The pilot. Police Constable 
Gerald Spencer, aged 37, and 
the photographer. Det Con- 
stable Malcolm Wiltshire, 
aged 44. were killed instantly . 

The Optica was regarded as 
a technical breakthrough with 
its potential for low-speed 
observation duties at a quarter 
of the the cost of a helicopter. 

Sales slumped after the 
crash and the firm. Edgclcy 
Aircraft, now trading as 
Optica Industries, of Salis- 
bury. has only recently siancd 
to recover. 

The Accidents Investigation 
Branch report found there was 
nothing wrong with the crash 
aircraft, and that the pilot was 
experienced. 

But the photographer was 
making only his second flight, 
and there were three previous 
reports of passengers feeling 
insecure in the glass “bubble" 
cockptt and grabbing for sup- 
port during a steep turn. 

The report said Mr Wilt- 
shire may have grabbed the 
control column, causing a 
sudden, steeper turn immedi- 
ately before the crash. 

Another possible cause was 
a loss of fuel causing power 
failure and stalling. Witnesses 
said both men appeared to be 
“fiddling” with something in 
lhe central control area just 
before the crash. 

The company said that the 
fuel selector control had since 
been modified. 


Winner’s 
gift to 
girl friend 

The Portfolio Gold daily 
dividend of £4,000 was yes- 
terday won by Mr Christopher 
Miers, aged 28, an architect 
from Camden, who has de- 
cided to divide i be prize mooc; 
with Ms Irena Czekierska, his; 
girlfriend- 

The couple share a Portfolio: 
Gold card, and hat? nnh been 
playing for a short time. 

Mr Miers was delighted 
with the news. “It is a fantastic 
windfall”, he said, “especially 
as we have hern playing 
Portfolio somewhat irregu-. 
larly over the past siv 
months.” 

Ms Czckierska. aged 28,“ 
also from Camden, and a- 
correspondent for Reuters^ 
said: “I am completely howled 
oier, it was totally' 
une\ peered.” 

Irena, who has previously 
worked in Moscow, is hoping 
to go to Eastern Europe soon. 

Readers who hate difficulty 
in obtaining a Portfolio Gold 
card should send a stamped 
addressed cm elope to: 

Portfolio Gold. 

The Times, 

PO Box 40. 

Blackburn, 

BB1 6AJ. 



Irena Czekierska, 
£2.000 gift. 



THE EVIDENCE 


No camera has ever created such a stir 
in the photographic world on its 
.introduction. The unique Minolta 7000 
was universally acclaimed as “light years 
ahead” and "shaping photography for 
years to comer 


THE FEATURES 



i/M. 

rorp/nuN«vne 

POTO/5 

HTToauauM/n 
WIUIM UHTI/SF 


t/GB 


r/CH 


TUI IlfUTOGMAH/t 


European Camera of the Year 

Seven countries - seven independent 
photomagazines - ail agreed on the 
Minolta 7000 for advanced technology; 
desirable features; design, handling and 
Value for mon^I 



Japan Camera 
Grand Prix 

The outright 
winner- the 
remarkable Minolta 
7000 supreme in 
the home of 
superb cameras. 


'Camera Weekly* 

Winner of the 
Innovator of the 
Year award here 
in the UK. - 
the Minolta 7000. 


ft Minolta (UK 1 Dmrted 


First -the 'World's Firsts'! 

• The world's first effective Autofocus 
35mm SLR camera. 

• the world's first Multi Program 
Selection. 

• The world's first "See in the dark" 
capability for perfectly exposed, perfectly 
focused shots in total darkness! 

Then - a few more world 
class features! 

• Total freedom automatic film handling. 

• Shutter speeds from 1 /2000 sec to 
30 secs. 

• Power wind up to 2 f.p^. 

• 15 autofocus lenses from 24mm wide 
angle to 600mm super telephoto - 
including AF zooms and macro 55mm. 

• And accessories like data backs and 
remote wireless control and flash meters 
with capabilities as startling as the 
camera itself! 


THE BENEFITS 


Perfectly exposed, perfectly focused 
shots every time - that's the impossible 
dream made practical and attainable 
today with the Minolta 7000. 

Advanced optical electronics but 
designed so you are in control and 
always feel in control. The Minolta 7000 
will take your own photography "light 
years ahead". And at around £350 
complete with 50mm f 1.7 lens, it's 
reasonably light on your pocket. 

Get the feel of the Minolta 7000 at 
your Minolta Dealer. You can get a 
foretaste by sending for the free 24 page 
colour brochure. You'll find it something 
to prize, too. 


To Minolta (UK) Ltd., 1 -3 Tanners Drive, I 

B lakelands North, Milton Keynes MK14 5BU. 1 

'fou've offered Evidence. Features and Benefits. , 

But I’ll be the judge. Please send me the I 

Minolta 7000 brochure. i 

TT 21/8/86 ! 


Name 


Address 



Postcode 








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HOMJt/O V £RbbAS NEWS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY AUGUST 21 1986 



By Thomson Prentice. Science Correspondent 


A charily representing pa- 
tients has said lhat with many 
more doctors being sued for 
medical negligence the pro- 
fession should scrap its "pa- 
thetic and disgraceful" 
complaints system. 

More than 3,500 cases have 
been investigated by the char- 
Action (or the Victims of 


tty. 


Medical Accidents (AVMAl, 
in the past four years, includ- 
ing almost 300 in which the 
patient died, and more than 
300 oihers which allegedly 
resulted in either brain dam- 
age or paralysis. 

"With inquiries now run- 
ning sometimes as high as 1 00 
per week, we know that this 
remains the tip of the iceberg”, 
the charily says in its annual 
report. 

Although some problems 
facing patients seeking 
compensation have been 
overcome, a medical neg- 
ligence action is still “an 
obstacle race which is likely to 
be costly and distressing”, 
taking at least four years to 
reach trial, the report says. 

Earlier this week the Medi- 
cal Defence Union, represent- 
ing about 80.000 British 
doctors and dentists, an- 
nounced a 70 per cent increase 
in subscriptions.- blaming the 
rise on rapidly escalating court 
awards. 

The highest sum awarded 
this year was £679,264, com- 
pared with a ceiling of 
£132,970 in 1977, the union 
said, an increase for which 
inflation was responsible in 
pan only. 

According to the patients* 
charily, British doctors should 
not fear “American-style” law 
suits, or be obliged to practise 
“defensive medicine” in 
which they take decisions not 
io benefit the patient, but to 
avoid the risk of being sued. 

Britain will not become like 
America, “but there will be 
many more patients battling 


for their rights,” Mr Peter 
Ransley. the charity's chair- 
man. says in the report. 

“That is not the whole 
answer. We believe doctors 
should work towards setting 
up a complaints system that 
works, not the pathetic self- 
policing one we have now. 
Above all, the community 
needs a change of attitude on 
the part of the doctors. 

“Should not the doctors be 
talking about how negligence 
can be avoided, and how the 
caring profession can extend 
its care beyond the point 
where an accident has 
occurred? 

“Without such a change on 
the part of the profession there 
is little doubt that confronta- 
tion will continue io increase 
to the point where the doctors 
will indeed have something to 
worry about,” Mr Ransley 
says. 

Mr .Arnold Simanowitz, 
director of the charity, says 
the report that the charity has 
helped make patients' entitle- 
ment to an explanation of 
what happened to them dur- 
ing medical treatment, and 
appropriate compensation, a 
civil right. 

“We have given victims z 
voice, and the profession is 
beginning to listen," he says. 

The charity's - successes 
amount only to a “trickle 
since it was founded four years 
ago, because of the time cases 
take to reach court. 

Among a total of 3,520 cases 
received by the charity. 893 
have been dropped and 702 
referred to solicitors. The 
most common complaints 
concerned orthopaedic, 
gyneacology and obstetrics 
cases. Others related to post- 
operative infections, an- 
aesthetic accidents, 
amputations, drug damage 
and surgical items left inside 
patients after operations. 





Tamils under siege 


Denmark sees UN Detention 


on refugee flood 


From Christopher Folletti Copenhagen 


powers 
extended 


* •A ' "'*' 5 • 











"o ^ ^ 

Marines break tlieir own recant 


Denmark is to hold urgent 
discussions with the United 
Nations High Commission for 
Refugees on how to cope with 
the influx of asylum seekers - 
mainly Sri Lankan Tamils — 
over the southern Jutland 
border with West Germany. 

The decision was an- 
nounced by the Conservative 
Prime Minister, Mr Poul 
Schluter. who dismissed calls 
for a total stop to further 
refugees entering Denmark. 

The Prime Minister said 
that Denmark and West Ger- 
many, with their liberal poli- 
cies. were taking more than 
their share of refugees com- 
pared with European coun- 
tries with more restrictive 
refugee legislation, and ap- 
pealed for a more eves dis- 
tribution of asylum seekers in 
Europe. Nine hundred refu- 
gees have already arrived in 
Denmark this month. 

The bulk of the latest wave 
of refugees will eventually be 
returned by Denmark to West 
Germany where they have 
already officially sought asy- 
lum. Many have reportedly 
paid large sums to private 
organizations promising to 
place them in Europe. 

Asylum seekers entering 


Denmark are now mainly 
Tamils spilling from West 
Germany, and stateless Pal- 
estinians and Lebanese. Last 
year the refugee flow came 
mainiv from Iran. 

The number of refugees rose 
sharpN from a few hundred in 
I9S3 to nearly 9.000 last year, 
more than 6,000 of whom 
were granted political asylum 
following a liberalization of 
refugee laws allowing asylum- 
seekers to stay until their cases 
were heard. 

Most refugees to Denmark 
originally came via East Ger- 
many. but East Germany’s ag- 
reement this year not to send 
refugees to Denmark without 

entry' visas has forced them to 
seek asylum in West Berlin 
and West Germany. Many of 
them now spill over into 
Denmark, swamping this 
country's already saturated 
refugee' facilities. 

This is causing problems 
and growing racial friction in 
Denmark, which has only 19 
reception centres 

The Danish Refugee Organ- 
ization estimates that some 
2,000 Sri Lankan Tamils have 
already come to Denmark 
seeking political asylum this 
year. 


From Vijitba Yap* 
Colombo 


Police superintendents xml 
assistant superintendents were 
given authority yesterday to 
issue detention orders in Sri 
Lanka's troubled Northern 
and Eastern Pnmacw. - - 

The new powers, gazetted 
under emergency regulations, 
supersede the powers given to 
the police inspector-general dr 
deputy inspector-general hi 
the areas. 

The move follows com- 
plaints from military officers 
in the two provinces that the 
earlier method of seeking 
detention orders was time- 
consuming. 

The independent San news- 
paper said that more than 
3, BOO people had been de- 
tained in Sri Lanka this year 
under emergency regulations. 

Several were being held 
under the Prevention of Ter- 
rorism Act, whereby a person 
may be detained for up to two 
years without trial. 

There is optimism mean- 
while that current negotiations 
between the Government and 
the moderate Tamil United 
Liberation Front (TuM) wtB 
lead to an accord. 




Shcharansky awaits reunion 


A world record was set by 
the Royal Marines yesterday 
when a freefall parachute team 
formed a stack of 24 men 
standing on each others' 
shoulders daring a jump. 

Corporal Bobby Scoular, 
the twelfth man to join the 
stack, had a narrow escape 
when his canopy collapsed and 


folded around the man above. 

The corporal, aged 34, from 
Poole, Dorset, cut himself free 
at about 10,000 feet and then 
went into freefall before 
deploying his reserve 
parachute. 

Corporal Sconlar, who 
served in the Falklands con- 
flict, was unhurt and rejoined 


his colleagues for another 
attempt at breaking their 
record of 23 men in a stack. 

They equalled the record 
three times before completing 
a chain of 24 men. 

The jumps, from 15,000 ft 
were made at DunkesweU 
airfield, on the Somerset- 
Devon border. 


‘Loyalist’ threats 
halt meals service 


£679,264- 

MEDICAL COMPENSATION { 

How the awards have grown 



£413,943 


-£220,000 

Figures from The Medical Defence Umon I 


1977 


1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 


The highest sums awarded for negligence since 1977, based 
on figures supplied by the Medical Defence Union. 


Nursing 
homes get 
protection 


By Jill Sherman 

Private nursing home own 
ers are being offered insurance 
to enable them to appeal to 
tribunals where they feel that 
local authorities have im 
posed unrealistic regulations. 

The National Confedera 
tion of Registered Rest Home 
Associations (NCRRHA), 
which represents more than 
2,000 homes, said yesterday 
that its insurance scheme 
would provide up to £50.000 a 
year for the cost of appeals to 
the Registered Homes Tri- 
bunal. 

The appeals, which can cost 
up to £6.000 each, none of 
which is recoverable, have 
mainly arisen after demands 
from council social services 
departments for adjustments 
to accommodation. 

Under the present code of 
practice for residential care, 
which arose from the Reg- 
istered Homes Act 1984, own- 
ers can have a mixture of 
single and shared rooms, al- 
though single rooms are 
preferred. 

The NCRRHA claims that 
the code is being interpreted 
differently by individual local 
authorities^ and in some cases 
homes are being told that 80 
per cent of their rooms should 
be single. 

“The Department of Health 
allowance is£!25 per resident. 
Now someone is saying to an 
eight-bedded home that three 
of the beds should be taken 
away. The resulting drop in 
income makes many of the 
homes financially un viable, 
Mr Tony Andrews, associ- 
ation secretary, said. 

If homes refused to make 
the changes, they automati- 
cally lost their licences. "Peo- 
ple are being frightened into 
complying because the alter- 
native is to be closed down. 
Many do not appeal against 
the decision because they can't 
afford the legal costs.” 

The .Association of Direc- 
tors of Social Services CADSS) 
said that most cases brought 
before the tribunal had been 
upheld, proving that the 
regulations were not 
unreasonable. 

Mrs Ann Parker. ADSS 
president, said: “People 
should be given the right to 
privacy. In my view everyone 
should have single rooms 
unless a couple want to 
sh?re.” 


Riddle of 
bones in 
sunk car 


A Dorset family believes a 
battered car dredged from 
Poole harbour and containing 
bones could belong to a rel- 
ative missing since 1971, po- 
lice said yesterday. 

The family has given details 
about the 20-year-old relative 
to police trying to trace the 
registered owner of the twisted 
wreck of the green Austin A35, 
built in the mid-1950s. Hie 
car's number plates were 
missing. 

Police are checking their 
missing persons list for the 
past 20 years and believe the 
bones could belong to a man 
who disappeared 15 years ago. 

The car was dredged up on 
Tuesday from 20ft of water at 
Bulwark Quay. It was in deep 
mud and had probably been 
crushed and pressed down 
deeper by docking ships, Supt 
Derek Whitton said. 

He said it was “a million to 
one chance” that the vehicle 
bad been found. 

The flattened vehicle was 
pulled oat yards from where 
Mr Richard Branson's Virgin 
Challenger had been dockedat 
the weekend where it was on 
view to the public. 

Mr Whitton said a patholo- 
gist at Poole General Hospital 
has decided that the bones, 
which have been badly af- 
fected by long immersion in 
the sea, are likely to be human, 
although the rib and back 
bones are not dissimilar to 
animal bones. 

The pathologist's report will 
be sent to the East Dorset 
coroner, Mr Nigel Nevifle- 
Jones, who will decide 
whether to bold an inquest. 


By Richard Ford 

Hundreds of pensioners and Catholics 
handicapped people became 
victims of intimidation in 
Belfast yesterday as "loyalist' 
threats against Roman Catho- 
lic health workers left them 
without a meals on wheels 
service. 

Children's and old people's 
homes have also been affected 
by the intimidation, which is 
now affecting the weakest and 
most vulnerable members on 
both sides of the sectarian 
divide in the city because 
Catholic drivers are afraid to 
enter loyalist districts and 
estates. 

Threats from loyalists have 
also been made against Catho- 
lic health and social workers 
employed in the north and 
west of the city during the past 
few weeks, leading to growing 
anxiety about travelling into 
the strongly unionist Shankill 
Road district. 

There have also been loyal- 
ist threats against Catholics 
working for the Housing Exec- 
utive in Co Down, and in the 
Shankill Road staffhave been 
transferred to other offices. 

The warnings, which have 
been made individually and in 
general, have made Catholic 
drivers, based at the Royal 
Victoria Hospital, afraid to 
take supplies across the 
“peaceline” and into the 
Shankill and Glencairn dis- 
tricts. Delivery of meals on 
wheels to Protestants and 


in the area have 
been halted for three days and 
old people's lunch clubs and 
'sheltered dwellings have been 
affected. Old people's and 
children's homes have not 
been supplied with dried 
goods, while physically and 
mentally handicapped pco 
have been left without drivers 
to transport them. 

Officials .from the Eastern 
Health and Social Services 
Board met with union officials 
yesterday to discuss the prob- 
lem, which has led to some 
workers being moved and 
others temporarily transferred 
to safe areas. 

But the board is determined 
to prevent intimidation, lead- 
ing them to operate a sectarian 
service, with Catholic employ- 
ees working in nationalist 
areas and Protestants in 
unionist districts. 

Mr John Simpson, chair- 
man of the board, condemned 
the intimidation, which he 
said in the short term was 
putting at risk community 
services offered on a non- 
sectarian basis without regard 
to religion or politics. He said: 
“We have to allow commu- 
nity tensions to ease. I hope 
the whole community will do 
its best to make it dear that it 
is not acceptable anywhere for 
health and personal social 
services staff to be singled out 
for intimidation because of an 
individual's religion.” 


Faulty alarm systems 
putting elderly at risk 


By Angella Johnson 

Some local authorities are authorities to carry out better 


putting the lives of elderly and 
disabled people at risk by 
installing faulty alarm systems 
in their homes, according to 
Lhe Research Insitute for Con- 
sumer Affairs. 

About 120 councils in Brit- 
ain use these systems which- 
are activated by pressing a 
trigger that sets off an alarm 
call to the local social services 
department. 

The report found that half 
of these devices had faults 
which made them useless in 
cases of real emergency; that 
three brands were potentially 
electrically dangerous and a 
further three would not work 
during a power cut. 

This is the first time a 
comprehensive and indepen- 
dent review has looked into 
the safety and use of alarms 
which act as a lifeline for 
people who are housebound. 

The number of faults found 
has prompted the research 
institute to call on local 


safety checks of the equipment 
before installing ft. 

The faults range from 
alarms not going off, felling to 
indicate to the central receiver 
where the call is coming form, 
or people being unable to turn 
them off if they are acciden- 
tally activated. 

Mr Peter Goldman, sec- 
retary of the research institute, 
said: “This means that people 
living alone are not able to get 
help in case of an emergency. 
We cannot emphasize strongly 
enough the dangers of alarms 
failing to live up to their 
requirements." 

The research institute hopes 
its report will act as a guideline 
for councils to find out the 
best models on the market and 
to alert them to those that are 
potentially dangerous. 


Dispersed Alarms - A Guide for 
Organisations Installing Sys- 


„ iys- 

terns (RICA. 14 Buckingham 
Street, WC2N 6D5;£25J. 


Consul in rape inquiry suspended 


The British honorary- consul 
who faces allegations of trying 
to buy the silence of two young 
rape victims, has been 
suspended. 

The suspension comes after 
the issue of warrants by Scot- 
land Yard for the arrest of Mr 
Paul Kutner. aged 68. who is 
based at Perpignan. France. 

The Foreign Office said: 
"Without prejudice to the case 
we have fell bound to question 
whether Mr Kutner was able 
to continue to.. operate ef- 
ficiently as honorary consul.” 

Mr Kutner. a British 
businessman, is alleged to 
have travelled to London and 


attempted to bribe two En- 
glish women students to drop 
charges against two French 
youths who are accused of 
raping them while they were 
on holiday in the south of 
France. 

The Foreign Office said that 
since they became aware of the 
allegations “we have naturally 
been concerned about the 
implications for his position 
as honorary consul”. 

Britain's consul-general in 
Marseilles. Mr David Glad- 
stone. has held lengthy dis- 
cussions with Mr Kutner 
about the incident. 

Mr Kutner was appointed 

i 


deputy honorary consul in 
1971 and honorary consul 10 
years later. His job, for which 
he receives an honorarium of 
£600 a year from the Foreign 
Office, is to help holiday- 
makers and businessmen in 
the area with minor problems, 
or pass them on to full-time 
consular staff. 

The warrants issued con- 
cern allegations that Mr 
Kutner attempted to pervert 
die course of justice. The 
charges are not covered by 
Britain's extradition treaty 
with France, and the warrants 
can be served only if he 
returns voluntarily to Britain. 


Woman in 
terrorism 
swoop 


A woman was being held 
yesterday under the Preven- 
tion of Terrorism Act after 
being arrested as she was 
about to leave on board a 
cargo vessel from Avonmouth 
Docks, near Bristol (Trudi 
McIntosh writes). 

Six Special Branch officers 
boarded the Kraka, a 499- 
tonne Danish-registered ves- 
sel on . Tuesday night, and 
detained her. 

The woman is believed to 
have been living in Ireland. 
She has not been named. 


Marilyn freed 
in drugs case 


The pop singer, Marilyn, 
walked free from court yes- 
terday after the prosecution 
dropped a charge against him 
of possessing heroin. He was 
arrested during a drugs raid 
last month. 

Marilyn, aged 23, who was 
charged in his real name of | 
Peter Robinson, ofPembridge 
Villas, Notting Hill west Lon- 
don, denied at Marylebone 
Magistrates' Court having an 
unspecified quantity of heroin 
on or before July 8. 


Mr Anataofy Shcharansky is 
preparing ajoyous welcome in 
Jerusalem for his mother, Mrs 
Ida Milgrom. and his brother. 
Leonid, with his wife and two 
children, who have been 
granted Soviet exit visas. 

Mr Leonid Shcharansky ex- 
pects to leave Moscow for 
Vienna with the family on 
Saturday, according to Soviet 
Jewry sources here: They are 
expected to fly on to Israel on 
Sunday or Monday. 

The family had been told at 
the time of the Soviet 
dissident's release in February 
that they would be given 
permission to join him in 
Israel within six months. 

Officials in Jerusalem re- 
gard the honouring of this 
agreement as a more accurate 
reflection of Soviet attitudes 
than the stinging accusation 
that Israel was to blame for the 
feet that Monday's meeting in 
Helsinki between delegations 
from the two countries lasted 
only 90 minutes. 

A senior Foreign Ministry 
official here says that nobody 
expected the meeting to last 
much longer than that But 
two days had been allowed on 
the advice of Finnish dip- 
lomats “because you never 
know what these mysterious 
Soviet people want to do”. 

From Israel's point of view, 
the meeting had been “busi- 
ness-like and correct - 1 don’t 
want to use the word good”, 
he said. Everything both sides 
wanted to say had been said. 

As neither delegation was 


From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 
sufficiently senior to nego- 
tiate, the meeting had ended 
to allow both sides to report to 
their Governments. 

The Russians had asked 
permission for an eight-man 
team to visit Israel for three 
months to check on the state 
of church property and to 
arrange consular services for 
Russian citizens living there. 

Israel had in turn asked 
permission for a similar del- 
egation to visit Moscow for 
the same length of time. 
“There is a petition of 
reciprocity," he said. “The 
ball is in the Russians' court.” 

Hie strong condemnation 
of Israel for having raised the 
question of Soviet Jewry is 
seen here as designed mainly 
to placate the Soviet Union's 
Arab friends. 

“The Soviet Union knew 
perfectly well before the meet- 
ing that we would raise this 
issue, which is of fundamental 
importance to us,” the official 
said. “It could have come as 


rejection, from the highest 
of the 


no surprise whatever to them, 
and if they 


v they did not want to 

hear it they need never have 
come to the meeting. 

“The point is that the 
meeting went ahead on their 
initiative. What is important 
is that the meeting took place, 
not what was said at it. 

“The reason they derided to 
go ahead with ft is an indica- 
tion that they have decided 
somehow to change their po- 
sition. Whatever happens will 
take a long time.” 

There was quick and angry 


political levels here, 
accusation by Mr Gennady 
Gerasimov, the Soviet For- 
eign Ministry spokesman, that 
Israel was interfering in in- 
ternal Russian politics by 
raising the Soviet Jewry issue. 

Mr Gerasimov had con- 
trasted this to the. simple 
Soviet request for consular 
access to Russian Orthodox 
Church property. 

Mr Yitzhak Shamir, the 
Foreign Minister, retorted 
that the three million Jews in 
the Soviet Union were very 
valuable Israeli property, 
which Israel wanted oack. 

Mr Shimoo Peres, the 
Prime Minister, promised that 
there would be no com- 
promise on the fete of the 
Soviet Jews, regardless of the 
consequences. 

“Israel is not just a state," 
he said. “We are a people. For 
us the fete of Russian Jewry 
will remain a central consid- 
eration in our feelings, our 
deeds and our position. Noth- 
ing will change Jfcis. 

“If the Russians want a role 
in the political development 
in the Middle East, as far as 
Israel is concerned they must 
renew diplomatic relations." 

Within the Israeli Foreign 
Ministry, the 'Soviet state- 
ments are seen as nothing but 
rhetoric to hide the feet that by 
allowing the meeting to take 
place at all the Kremlin was 
signalling that it means to start 
the long, slow journey towards 
normalization. 


Monastery fire threat 


Bank hostage 
case remand 


A man arrested after a 
London bank manager was 
held hostage, was remanded in 
custody for a week by Marl- 
borough Street magistrates 
yesterday accused of black- 
mail and attempted robbery. 

Emil Molnar, aged 54, an 
engineer, of Scotts Hill Cot- 
tage, Ware, Hertfordshire, is 
charged with making an un- 
warranted demand with men- 
aces for £68,000 upon Mr 
Gerald Fox, manager of 
Lloyds Bank in Oxford Street, 
on August 19. 


Killer injured 


Gary Hopkins, who was! 
convicted in June of murder- 1 
ing Leoni Keating, aged three, 
has been injured in an attack j 
by a fellow prisoner at Worm - 1 
wood Scrubs. He has nowi 
been moved to another top- 
security jail 



Argentine 
MPs vote 


for divorce 


Buenos Aires (Reuter) - 
The Argentine House of Dep- 
uties approved a divorce Bill 
overwhelmingly yesterday, 
despite the unbending oppo- 
sition of the Roman Catholic 
Church. 

The vote, 177 to 35, ended 
30 hours of debate, much of it 
on television. The Bill will go 
to the Senate, where opinion is 
more evenly divided. 

Politicians estimate that be- 
tween one and two million of 
Argentina's 30 million people 
have formed new, de facto 
families after the feilure of a 
first marriage. 

Senor Juan Carlos Pugliese, 
president of the House of 
Deputies, praised MPs for the 
attendance for the vote: 212 
members out of 254. 

“My marriage of 40 years is 
indissoluble, not by any re- 


ligious imposition but by the 


Fitt recovers 


Lord Fitt, aged 60. former 
MP for West Belfest and 
founder of the SDLP, was ! 
recovering from coronary by- 1 
pass surgery at the National i 
Heart Hospital London, yes- 
terday after suffering a minor 
heart attack necemly. 


A fireman helping a monk to 
cany a statue of the Virgin and 
Child from a chapel as finest 
fire yesterday forced the par- 
tial evacuation of the historic 
mounfaintop Catalan mon- 
astery at Montserrat, 25 miles 
north-west of Barcelona. 


Pet clinic plea 


Sixteen of the 300 firemen 
fighting the blaze, which be- 
gan on Monday, have been 
injured (Renter reports). 

The right-wing Catalan Mi- 
litia group* which claimed to 


have started the Maze in 
protest at Catalan separatism, 
has threatened more fires “in 
symbolic Catalan spots**. 

Daring the- Franco regime 
the - Benedictine monastery 
was a sanctuary for left-wing 
intellectuals and enemies of 

the dictatorship. 

The Verde (Green) Party 
said that 500,000 acres had 
been destroyed in fires this 
year in Spain. Arson was 
blamed for half of them. 


decision of the two of us.” he 
said before the vote. “This BUI 
is long overdue, because soci- 
ety has long since come to 
terms with the subject” 

The issue sparked a rare 
show of unity between Presi- 
dent Alfonsin's Radical Party, 
reformist sectors of the 
Peronist party and some 
smaller left-wing parties. 

The Bill, worked out in five 
months of hearings, allows 
divorcees to remarry after a 
year. Grounds for divorce 
include three years .of sep- 
aration. 


The Animal Health Trust, 
near Newmarket, in Suffolk, is j 
appealing for £232,000 for! 
new equipment to help it deal 
with its risingnumber of pet! 
patients. It says if it does not . 
find the cash, some animals' 
suffering from cancer may be 
turned a wav. 


Driver dies in 


fiery crash 
at Berlin Wall 


Pigswill death 


Berlin (AP) — A car crashed 
sterday into the Beilin Wall, 
rating into flames and kill- 


ing the driver, West Berlin 
pol 


A woman aged 51 died after ! 
farm accident in which she 
was scalded by boiling 
pigswilL She was Miss Jean 
Daw-son. of Heath Lodge, 
Whitchurch, Shropshire. 


Balloon crash 


A pilot and his two pas- 
sengers escaped injury after 


their hot air balloon crashed 
on to electricity cables in a 
field near Cranleigh, Surrey^ 


police said. 

They could not identify the 
driver, who was burned be- 
yond recognition. 

Witnesses to the crash along 
the Wall at Beniauerstrasse 
told police that ft appeared 
that the driver hit the concrete 
barrier deliberately. The car 
was travelling at a high speed, 
and no other vehicle was 
involved in the crash. 

Firemen were unable to get 
close enough to the burning 
vehicle to save the driver. 


Three killed in Baroda 
Hindu-Muslim clashes 

ruiu: /Ant uiu < .. .... _ 


Delhi (AP) — Widespread 
Hindu-Muslim violence has 
broken out again in the west- 
ern Indian city of Baroda. 
leaving three people dead and 
58 wounded, the United News 
of India reported yesterday. 

The authorities imposed an 
indefinite curfew after street 
clashes late on Tuesdav, but 
serious incidents ’ were 


Meanwhile, the Border Se- 
curity Force said that troop® 
had killed 10 men trying to 
enter India from Pakistan. 


no 


reported yesterday. 


agency said that rioting 
and arson broke out in the city 
after gunmen in. a car fired on 
passers-by. 

Baroda is in Gujarat state, 
which has been troubled by 
sectarian fighting since early 




The authorities also reported 
that Tarsem Singh, the ar- 
rested chief of the Khafistan 
Liberation Army terrorist 

S oup, has told interrogators 
at his organization has been 
receiving arms from Pakistan. 

In Delhi, police sought the 
help of citizens in arresting 
Harjinder Singh Jinda. a Sikh 
terrorist, in' connection with 
the assassination on August 1 7 
of General Arun Vaidya, who 
retired as army chief of staff 
on January 31. 



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THE TIMES THURSDAY AUGUST 21 1986 


OVERSEAS NEWS 




alliance 
years of 



Fnnn Michael Honsty^ J otannffi lmrg 


'4 i 


'3A\ : 


About 1,200 students of all 
• *r.iS T '*t£ $ paces attended ,a lunchtime 
■*?si 1 Ok trieetrag-otLtfie eainpus of the 
‘ ^ University of the Wrtwaters- 

rand- here yesterday to cefe-- 
braie the third birthday of the 
United Democratic Frost 
(UDF). ‘ . 

■The loose alliance of ahxi- 
apanbrid poops has become 
one of the jnaiii vehicles for 
opposition to the Go vernment 
despite pofice harassment 
and detentions. ' 

The UDF -was launched at a 
mass rally in Mitch’s Plain, 
(being Coloured (mixed-race) 
township outside Cape Town, 
on August 20, 1983, in re- 
nSe to government plans 
a new Constitution that 
v , 1 would bring the Indian and 

lv„ c J *c«? CoJoured minorities into a 
r. Bicameral Parliament with 

•‘Sts 



w< 




Much of- its growth has 
come from the local civic 
associations and other organ* 
cations that have sprang up 
over the past two years to 
articulate the grievances of 
Wade township residents on 
specific issues, such as rents, 
bousing shortages, inferior 
education and high un- 
employment 

The UDFs centre of politi- 
cal gravity is el osrve. Under its 
broad umbrella young des- 
peradoes of the townships 
who regard a homing tyre as 
the most persuasive form of 
political argument rub sbool- 

Inrtonesfa has barred Smith 
African delegates from attend- 
ing an international sugar 
conference starring in Jakarta 
on Monday, conference or- 
ganizers said yesterday (Ren- 
ter reports from Jakarta). 


> awaits 


M*»rj 



whites. 

Although unable to prevent 
the introduction, of the new ■ 

Constitution in September w*th 

1984, the UDF campaigned tixrs, 
successfully for a widespread - 
boycott ■ by Indian and Col- violenoe. 
oured voters of elections to the In broad terms, the UDF 

new Parliament, and ha&been shares the vaguely socialist 
the driving force behind the 1 political aims of the 'outlawed 
turmoil in black townships African National Congress 


wrt v. 

'tt 2$ 


!* ^ 


middle-class doo- 
and churchmen 
an abhorrence of 


v - 


u as 

t- 


,ri « s' 
r ' U: 

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that has since raged unabated. 

Assessment of the .UDFs 
strength, is difficult because of 
its loose structure, but it 
gfainis a membership of be- 
tween one; apd two million, 
including a .small number of 
whites,- in almost 1,000 affili- 
ated bodies and organizations 
which include the new breed 
of independent Mack trade 
unions- 






(ANCX which are scarcely any 
better defined. There is also 
broad - agreement tint there 
can be no negotiations with 
the Government until all 
apartheid laws are abolished. 

If the ANC were to be un- 
banned by the Government, 
and if Mr Nelson Mandela 
and other imprisoned leaders 
released, there can be little 
doubt that the great majority 


of the UDFs membership 
would be absorbed into the 
older organization. 

. -Many of its office-holders 
belonged to the ANC in the 
days when it was still a legal 
organization, and its patrons 
include Mr Mandela and Mr 
Walter Sisuln, another 
ANC figure serving 
imprisonment for sabotage. 

The UDFs main strategic 
success has been to provide an 
alternative structure of “peo- 
ple's” administration in the 
townships, thus undermining 
the authority of the dis- 
credited town councils and 
other bodies set upby the 
government It has become 

- very difficult for any black to 

be seen to be co-operating 
with the Government. 

In December, government 
attempts to. bring treason 
charges against 12 leading 
UDF activists collapsed for 
lack of evidence,- and charges 
against another four were 
withdrawn two months 

About 70 per cent i 
10,000 to 12,000 people es- 
timated to have been detained 
during the current state of 
emergency are believed to be 
UDF members. 

The UDFs resilience is not 
indoubt. Where It has failed is 
in promoting unity between 
the anti-government forces. 

- It is still estranged from the 
main black consciousness 
organizations, and at 

has. come dose to civil war 
with the conservative Znlu- 
d om ma ted Inlcarim move- 
ment of Chief Gatsha Buth- 
elezi. 


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Papers win Tata guests range from 
press curbs Belafonte to Dr Runcie 
challenge 


From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 


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Johannesburg (Reuter)- — 

Two emergency decrees used 
by the South African Govern- 
mem to bar reporters from 
reporting security force opera- 
tions in black townships are 
invalid, state attorneys con- 
ceded yesterday. 

Lawyers said the surprise 
move came at the end of a 
week-long case in the Natal 
Supreme Court in which the 
country’s main Engfish-km- 
guage newspaper groups chal- 
lenged press curbs imposed' 
under sunatiotydF Stated 
Emergency anceJunejZ , ■ . 

The two decrees hsjd been a 

serious bbstade to. media . 

coverage inthe black town- widow of thr assassinated dvfl 
ships. • rights leader, Martin Luther 


The enflunMemeat on Sep- 
tember 7 of Bishop Desmond 
Tata as. Archbishop -of Capo. 
Town <m September 7 prom- 
ises to be an eadroorinary 
occasion, if the list of 
personalities invited to attend, 
which was released yesterday, 
is anything to go by. 

Spanning the worlds of re- 
ligion, poetics, sport and 
enter tainment those invited 
include the Archbishop of 
Canterimry and the Secretary- 
General of the United. Na- 
tnn, Hairy Befafowte, lionel 
Ritchie, Stevie Wonder ami 
‘ BiH Cosby, tennis star Arthur - 
; Ashe, and a chtEfa of 'Anaesx- _ 
an senators and mayors. 

Mrs Ceretta Scott Kifig,the 


King, has been invited, and 
has already accepted. In addi- 
tion to Dr Robert Ran tie, all 
die primates of the worldwide 
Anglican Communion are on 
the gnest fist 

Dr Rnaoe 1ms agreed to 
deliver a sermon at an open-air 
celebration of Cemmanioii in a 
showground fa Cape Town 
after the ceremony fa St 
George’s CatbedraL 

It remains to be seen how 
many of those invited will 
accept, and whether those who 
do so will be granted- entry 
visas by the South African 
Government. Refusing mas 
woold generate maximmn ad- 
verse publicity, and even 
Bishop Tata's enemies are 
gradgkgly conceding tint he 
is a snperiatxve showman. 





Ottawa — ; The Canadian said in Toronto yesterday 
Dominion Stores grocery (John Best writesX 
chain, controlled by Mr Con- Dominion Stores would 
rad Black, part-owner of The ' comply immediately with a- ' 
Daily, Telegraphy will . put back ruling of the OntarioSnpreme 


hreat 


Argenti 

Mftfl 

for divofi 


SCan37.9 million (£18 jn3- 
Gon) into an employee pen- 
sion ftmd from which it was 
removed earlier this year, its 
president, Mr Peter White, 


Court that the money was 
removed- illegally and that it 
must be returned with in- 
terest, be said. 

$Can24 million removed at 


the same time from two other 
pension funds would also be 
returned with interest 
Mr White said that there 
had- been a “significant 
surplus" In the funds and that 
the court did not rule on who 
owned it It would remain 
there at least until its status 
was clarified. 



Melbourne police had earlier been 
alerted by an anonymous caller that the 


campaign for increased arts funding. The 
reona of the painting “completed the first 


The director of the Australian National 

Art Gallery, Mr Patrick McCangbey, ^ __ r 

looking into i railway station locker undamaged painting, valued at nearly £1 phase of the group 1 ^ campaign", 
c ont a in i ng the 1937 Picasso “The Weep- nuUkm, had been left-fa the locker. The Victorian state Arts Minister, Mr 

ing Woman", which was cat from its A group describing itself as the Race Matthews, has said that all art 

frame and stolen nmre than two weeks “Australian Cultural Terrorists” claim ed collections in the state are at risk while 
ago. to have stolen the painting as part of a the group remains at large. 


Khartoum 


IMF urges tougher curbs 


breaks off Strikes hit Greece 
rebel talks a s austerity bites 


Khartoum (Renter) — Su- 
dan said yesterday that troops 
bad buried tire bodies of 60 
people killed when rebels shot 
down a Sudanair commercial 
plane in southern Sudan on 
Saturday. 

The Khartoum Govern- 
ment said on Tuesday night 
that it was breaking off peace 
talks with the leader of the 
Sudan People's Liberation 
Army (SPLA), Colonel John 
Garang, because of the SPLA 
attack on the aircraft. 

A Defence Ministry state- 
ment said that an Army 
convoy had found the wreck- 
: of the Fokker Friendship 
near the town of MalakaL 425 
miles south of Khartoum- It 
was shot down by a Soviet- 
made Sam 7 missile. The 
statement said that troops 
buried the 57 passengers and 
three crew. 

A Government statement 
read on Tuesday night by the 
Information Minister, Mr 
Muhammad Tawfik Ahmed, 
described Colonel Garang as a 
criminal. 

The SPLA admitted shoot- 
ing down tfie plane, after 
having said that it would 
attack aircraft flying over 
areas it holds. 

The rebels, who have fought 
a three-year war with Govern- 
ment troops, wanted civilians 
on Tuesday to leave foil 
southern towns. A spokesman 
said that rebel forces had been 
ordered to capture the be- 
sieged towns of Juba, Wan, 
Malakal and Bentiu. - 
Hopes for a Government 
reconciliation with the SPLA 
rose after last year's overthrow 
of ex-Presideat Nimeiri. 

Peace talks between Mr 
Garang and Mr Sadeq al- 
Mabdi, the Sudanese Prime 
Minister, in the Ethiopian 
capital Addis. Ababa ended 
inconclusively this month but 
Government representatives 
have since maintained a di- 
alogue with the rebels. 


•v- : 


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ki,k i-nS^ 

.Mil*!* 111 \v 


Protester 
faces US 
expulsion 

From Michael Binyon 
’ Washington 

A Japanese graduate stu- 
dent who has spent nine years 
in the United States and is a 
teaching assistant at the Slate 
University m New York is to 
be -deported because records 
show that he was arrested in 
Japan for haying token part in 
a demonstration against the 
Vietnam warm 1968. - 

Mr Cboichfro Yatani, who 
was arrested by US Immigra- 
tion officials on his return 
from . a' conference in. The 
Netherlands,, has been given a 
few extra days to seek a 
hearing • to disprove the 
charges. 

Since his arrest on- July 7 he 
has been held without bail in a 
New York prison. 

Government offidais have 
said, that .Mr Yatani. aged 39, 
who is’ married -with two 
children, was or is "a terrorist 
engaged in subversive activ- 
ities". Bui. the evidence ag- 
ainst him cannot be disclosed. 

He has denied ever having 
been a Communist or a mem- 
ber of iny radical organ- 
ization. .: 

His case : has caused an 
outcry - here. Mr Yatani 
teaches psychology and Japa- 
nese at the State University, 
and academic colleagues have 
expressed bewilderment at-his 
arrest He was granted a US 
visa- nine years ago. 

The New York Times said in 
a leading article yesterday 
that, even if be had been a 
member -of .the Communist 
Party in Japan, a 1977 ruling 
in the US mvalidaied this as a 
reason for excluding him. ' 

It said- that his deportation 
would. paint the US as “timid, 
technical, even; vindictive”. 

But the State Department, 
which is co-ordinating ways to 
toughen measures -against ter- 
rorism as well as joining in the 
new campaign against . illegal 
aliens, appears ; unwilling to 
make- an. exception for Mr 
Yatani.- ’ 





■ From Mario Modfano, Athens 

A spate of strikes through- fag consumption «nd cutting 
out Greece this week in pro- public deficits, 
test against rising prices and 
flagging job security has co- 
incided with the disclosure of 
a report on the Greek econ- 
omy by the International 
Monetary Fund (IMF) comm- 
ending the Socialist Gov- 
ernment's austerity measures 
but calling for more. 

Fares went up by 15 percent 
last Friday, and so did electric- 
ity, postal rates and tele- 
phones. 

The price ofbread and other 
essentials went up last month, 
while a decree ending rent 
controls touched off legal bat- 
tles as tenants tried to resist 
demands try landlords for 
double or treble the old 
amounts. 

At the same time the Gov- 
ernment sanctioned the first 
of a series of mass lay-offs to 
rescue state-controlled en- 
terprises and to cut down 
public deficits. 

When completed, the rescue 
plan will have added 8,000 
workers to the army of 
350,000 Greek unemployed, 9 
per cent of the labour force in 
a country that until 1981 
prided- itself on being free 
from unemployment. - -■ 

These and several - other 
tough measures adopted by 
the Government of Mr An- 
dreas Papandrcou fa the past 
10 months, including a two- 
year virtual pay freeze, drew 
warm applause from the IMF 
in a confidential report leaked 
by the opposition press. 

Its authors recommended 
additional measures, how- 
ever, mainly to stimulate 
production, and warned the 
Greeks that they will have to 
learn to five with austerity 
until 1992 if their debt-ridden 
economy is to have a chance 
to recover. 

But austerity is beginning to 
bite. So, as seyeral trade- 
unions took industrial action 
protest this week, the 


in 

Government-controlled Gen- 
eral Confederation of Greek 
Workers felt compelled to 
proclaim a four-hour stoppage 
yesterday in the hope of 
preserving its credibility. 

The beleaguered Govern- 
ment ordered the latest price 
increases, in services and util- 
ities, in the hope of retrench- 


put 

Both have been fuelling 
inflation at 25 per cent year- 
on-year. while the foreign 
account deficit exceeded by 
mid-year the £1,150 million 
limit the Government had set 
for the whole of 1 986. 

With its foreign debt at £11 
billion, double its level of five 
years ago, Greece has been 
spared near-bankruptcy by a 
European Community loan of 
more than £1 billion, as well as 
lower world oil prices and 
interest rates. 

The Greeks no longer find it 
easy to borrow abroad at less 
than onerous interest rates 
and a debt repayment hump 
due fa 1988 has increased 
fears of a recourse to the IMF, 
which is still anathema to any 
seif-respecting Socialist. 

Mr Kostas Simitis, Minister 
of National Economy, refused 
to comment on the IMF 
report, invoking confi- 
dentiality. He said; “The 
Greek Government takes no 
orders. We follow our own 
economic policy." 

The Government’s eco- 
nomic advisers ague that 
economic stabilization must 
now rely largely on private, 
enterprise through credible 
incentives ranging from free 
capital movements and safe- 
guards against arbitrary politi- 
cal interference, to flexibility 
fa price-fixing and liberaliza- 
tion of the labour market All 
are recommended in the IMF 
report 

Mr Papandreou, the Prime 
Minister, addressed a meeting 
of Greek expatriate business- 
men from Africa yesterday, to 
urge them to invest in the 
home country, and to allay the 
erstwhile image of his regime 
as hostile to private enterprise 
and bent on convincing the 
public that “profit” is a dirty 
word. 

The Government agrees on 
the need for tighter controls to 
harness the economy, but 
hesitates to act fa view of the 
high political cost involved. 

The Socialists face munici- 
pal elections fa October which 
wiD put their popularity to a 
severe lest. So they prefer to 
hold off on their most poten- 
tially unpopular measures, for 
fear of alienating the voters. 


Moscow in 
mood for 
solid talks 

From Michael Binyon 
Washington 

The Soviet Union was not 
laying down any precondit- 
ions for a summit meeting, 
but expected “something sol- 
id" to be achieved at any 
discussions between President 
Reagan and Mr Gorbachov, 
the Soviet Embassy said here: 

Mr Viktor Isakov, the Min- 
ister at the embassy, told 
press conference that a sum- 
mit meeting should deal not 
just with “trivial” or bilateral 
issues, but also with those of 
international security. 

He believed that the Ameri- 
can side was also looking for 
solid achievements. 

Any summit meeting had to 
be well prepared so that the 
two leaders focused on the 
main issues. 

The Russians were not mak- 
ing a summit contingent on 
success in arms negotiations, 
but insisted there was a wide 
range of issues fa which they 
were looking for progress. 
These included intermediate 
nuclear weapons in Europe, 
the non-militarization of 
outer space and a nuclear test 
moratorium. 

Mr Isakov said that Mos- 
cow was ready for a step-by- 
step approach to a ten and 
was ready to consider any 
“interesting suggestions". Bui 
the goal r emaine d a complete 
ban. 

Moscow believed the partial 
test ban treaty had proved 
viable and was working. It was 
not necessary to reopen nego- 
tiations on that to work 
towards a full test ban. 

MOSCOW: Britain’s re- 
action to Moscow’s extension 
of its unilateral nuclear test 
moratorium was a typical 
example of subtle English 
humour, Pravda said yes- 
terday (Reuter reports). 

After Mr Gorbachov’s an- 
nouncement. the Foreign Of- 
fice said that it regretted his 
concentration on unilateral 
approaches and that it would 
prefer to see Soviet efforts 
directed towards Western ini- 
tiatives at Geneva. 

Pravda said that this was a 
typical example of English 
black humour in which 
contemporary , Britons had 
surpassed even the 19th-cen- 
tury writer Oscar Wilde in the 
use of paradox. 

Leading article. Page 11 


the c ra ter mder a 
school bus caused by a bombfa a shopping bag 
in Christian east Beirut yesterday, fa which at 
least three people were wounded. 

The bomb, tbe second fa foe area fa less than 
a week, was said to contain some.20 lb of TNT 
planted between the empty school bus and a 


car on foe central reservation of a highway in 
the financial centre of Dora (Renter reports). 

It was the 20th bomb in Beirat this year. 
They have claimed about 160 lives. Six days 
a 200 Ib.bomb hidden fa a Mercedes car 
20 people less than a mile from 


Quest for salvation resumes 


Yet again, and the phrase is 1 
not idly used fa Lebanon, the 
Syrians are trying to persuade 
Christian and Muslim Leba- 
nese Cabinet ministers to 
meet. This might seem a 
simple task. 

But what would be a mun- 
dane weekly chore in most ■ 
governments is well-nigh 
impossible here, and it is eight 
months since President Gem- 
ayeTs. “National Salvation" 
Cabinet, consisting of five 
Christians and five Muslims, 
actually met. 

Thus there is something 


From Robert Fisk, Beirut 

nese could be forgiven for 
taking in their breath —'“dis- 
cuss plans for resolving the 
national crisis." 

In reality, the Syrians are 
putting pressure on their Mus- 
lim allies fa Lebanon to go 
back to their government 
posts at a time when the 
Maroniie Christians are hope- 
lessly. divided in a series, of 
conflicts within the right-wing 
Pfaalangisi militia. 

Mr Nabih Beni, the Shia 
leader, and Mr Walid Jumb- 
Ian, chairman of the Dnxze 
Progressive Sodafist Party. 


approaching disbelief at the ' have been . fa Damascus, 
statement' by Druze and Shia where the Syrians have been 


Muslim leaders , that they will 
consider sitting down again 
round the Cabinet table. 

It all started when Mr 
Rashid Karami, the Sunni 
Muslim Prime Minister who 
happens to be one of Syria’s 
favourites, met on Monday 
the two Christian Maronite 
members of his Government, 
Mr Camille Cbainoun, Min- 
ister of Finance, and Mr 
Joseph Hashem, Minister of 
Telecommunications. 


sharply pointing out the wis- 
dom of co-operation 

The principal issue, of 
course, remains the willing, 
ness or otherwise of the Chris- 
tians to cede power to (he 
Muslims 43 years after the 
Lebanese National Covenant 
gave the presidency and the 
leadership of the national 
army to the Maronites. 

At two international con- 
ferences . President Gemayel 
appeared ready to accept met 


The three then announced . the presidency would have to 
that the frill Cabinet would become a purely symbolic 
men shortly to — and Leba? - post; with real political power 


passing to the Muslim prime 
minister. This, in theory, is 
what the forthcoming Cabinet 
. meeting will be about 

Meanwhile, fa Sidon, there 
were signs yesterday of grow- 
ing friction between the Shia 
Muslim Amal militia and the 
Palestinian guerrillas of Mr 
Yassir Arafat’s PLO. 

Ten years ago there were 
■ almost identical conflicts be- 
tween the two sides as the 
PLO grew fa strength around 
Sidon. • just as there were 
identical calls then for a 
coalition government to re- 
solve what is still "the na- 
tional crisis”. 

• PARIS: -M Jean-Bemard 
Raimond. the French Min- 
ister of Foreign Affairs, said 
yesterday that France would 
not withdraw its United Na- 
tions contingent from south- 
ern Lebanon, but that it was 
indispensable that the UN 
take an precautions to enable 
the troops to carry out their 
(Susan MacDonald writes). 

His statement followed a 
UN announcement that some 
Bench elements would be 
replaced by Swedish troops, a 
move the French term a 
redeployment. 


City repeals 
dusk-to-dawn 
yagrancy law 

From Michael Binyon 
Washington 

In the face of a nationwide 
protest and withering satire 
from cartoonists, Santa Bar- 
bara has repealed a by-law 
making it an offence to sleep 
anywhere fa the city fa public 
The ban on sleeping on park 
benches, in parking lots, alley- 
ways and benches from 10 pm 
until sunrise was intended to 
rid the elegant Californian city 
of the homeless and vagrants. 

It has been enforced rig- 
orously, with more than 1,300 
people arrested in the past two 
years, many of whom were 
jailed because they could non 
pay the S100 fines. 

But the public outcry has 
been growing steadily. Mr 
Mitch Snyder, a forceful ad- 
vocate for the homeless, was 
rning a big demonstration 
‘or September 1. 

He had threatened to make 
Santa Barbara the target of a 
national tourist boycott which 
would inflict heavy damage 
on the vital industry. 

The Mayor and city council, 
mercilessly lampooned in the 
nationally-syndicated 
“Doonesbury” cartoon strip, 
voted on Tuesday to repeal 
the law. 

Business organizations in 
the prosperous seaside town, 
where President. Reagan is 
le^lly sleeping at his ranch at 
present, said foe repeal would 
mean the fouling of doorways, 
a loss of tourism and an 
increase in hippies among foe 
two million visitors a year. 

Council members are now 
planning to install portable 
toilets, to buDd more shelters 
and to expand the town rescue 
mission. 


Britain and Guatemala 
head for complete ties 


By Rodney Cowton 

. There are hopes fa London 
that fall diplomatic relations 
between Britain and Guate- 
mala can be re-established by 
the end of the year. 

This follows the announce- 
ment this week that consular 
relations are to be restored 
after fire years. Foil relations 
were broken off in 1963. 

One diplomatic source said 
that renewed consular links 
were possible because Guate- 
mala was now willing to treat 
its relations with Britain and 
with the forma 1 British colony 
of Belize, a neighbour of 
Guatemala, as separate issues. 

For more than a centnry 
Guatemala has claimed Belize 


as its territory. At the request 
of Belize, Britain maintains a 
garrison there to gnaid against 
any Guatemalan attempt to 
force its claim. 

The renewed consular rela- 
tions are almost certainly the 
result of the change of govern- 
ment in Guatemala in Janu- 
ary, when a civilian admin- 
istration came to power after 
decades of military rale. 

Guatemala hoped that Brit- 
ain would lake part fa finding 
.a solution to the problem of- 
Belize. Relations would be 
conducted at consular -level 
nntO December, when it was 
hoped that foil diplomatic 
links would be in place. 


French farmers protest 

From Susan MacDonald, Paris 

Members of two left-wing 
farmers unions yesterday 
blocked about 300 milk co flec- 
tion lorries in a region of 
north-west France covering 
Brittany, lower Normandy 
and Pays-de-Loire. 

The obstruction came after 
six hours of disturbances dur- 
ing the night when several 
hundred farmers blocked the 
Paris- Brest railway line, set up 
burning barricades and 
smashed the windows of the 
local tax offices fa several 
towns. 


Both the Paris^firest and foe 
Brest-Paris express trains were 
stopped and passengers were 
taken off to continue their 
journey by bus to avoid a 
confrontation. 

Travelling from town to 
town in a convoy of about 60 
cars, foe angry fanners were 
met by police in Bre$, who 
used tear gas to break up the 
protest by foe stone-throwing 
demonstrators. 

The unions say that many 
young milk-prodncers have to 
- continue to produce above the 
The farmers have chosen., quota to. make ends meet, 
this way to protest against adding that the Minister of 
fines imposed on them for Agriculture would not listen to 
having exceeded their milk them and that this was their 
production quotas. way of protesting. 


Four die in 
pile-up on 
French 
motorway 

Paris— Dense smoke from a 
turf Ore, plus foggy conditions, 
caused a spectacular pile-up 
on the A10 motorway north of 
Bordeaux early yesterday, 
resulting in foe deaths of four 
people with 21 others injured 
(Susan MacDonald writes). 

Three heavy lorries and 14 
cars were involved and both 
sides of the motorway were 
Nocked for several hours. 

There was another pile-up 
on the other side of the 
motorway when cars slowed, 
down io get a better look at the 
first accident and were run 
into by other cars coming up 
behind. 

No-one was seriously in- 
jured in this second accident. 

Writer’s ashes 
spread at sea 

Valletta — The ashes of the 
writer Ernie Bradford were 
scattered at sea from the Royal 
Navy frigate HMS Brazen 
three miles of Malta’s Grand 
Harbour (Austin Sammutt 
writes). 

The author of many books 
on the Mediterranean includ- 
ing The Great Siege. 1565 and 
Toe A appitiart of Malta. Mr 
Bradford died in May. 

Dhaka protest 

Dhaka — Sheikh Hasina 
Wazed, chief of Bangladesh's 
largest opposition party, the 
Awami League, announced 
plans for a new wave of 
protests against the Ershad 
military government begin- 
ning with a half-day general 
strike across foe country on 
September 1. 

Lucky rescue 

Paris — Two holiday- 
makers, a father and son who 
were shipwrecked on a de- 
serted island off Marseilles 
and went two days without 
food, were picked up by a 
helicopter out looking for 
another missing boat. 

China visit 

Peking (AP) - Mr Nikolai . 
Talyzin, the Soviet First Dep- 
uty Premier, will visit China _ 
in early September, foe For- ; 
eign Ministry said. 

Iraq attack 

Manama. Bahrain (AP) — - 
Iraq said that its jet fighters 
attacked two oil tankers in 
Lranfah shipping lanes as pan 
of a strategy to block Iranian 
oil exports. 

Wave injury 

Pearl Harbor (UPI) — Aj 
freak wave crashed over foe 
aircraft carrier USS Carl Vin- 
son, sweeping seven men, who 
were quickly rescued, into foe 
Pacific Ocean and injuring 
another sailor during foe 
weekend, the Navy said. 

Soviet change 

Moscow (AP) - In a sweep- 
ing reorganization of foe na- 
tional construction ministries, 
the Soviet Union has been 
divided into four areas and 
new construction ministries . 
created for each one. 

Military move .. 

Singapore (AFP) — War- ■ 
ships and aircraft from five ‘ 
Commonwealth nations have ‘ 
begun exercises codenamed j 
Starfish 86 in the South China * 
Sea off Malaysia, military " 
sources said. • 

Bus deaths 

Concepcion (AP) - A 
crowded bus skidded off a 
Chilean coastal higbwav and " 
plunged down a 30 ft cliff into 
the Pacific Ocean, kilting 18 . 
passengers including 10 school 
children, foe police said. 

Airline suit 

Toronto (AP) — Air India - 
has filed lawsuits against six • 
companies, including Air ' 
Canada, in connection with 
fast year’s Boring 747 crash off 
the Irish coast which killed all 
329 people on board, foe 
airline’s lawyer said. . 

Gadaffi talk 

Tripoli (AP) - Colonel * 
Gadaffi, foe Libyan leader, ^ 
has met President Museveni - 
of Uganda, who is in Libya on 
a state visit, foe official Jana - 
news agency reported. 

Asylum plea ; 

Bogota (AP) — Carlos Jime- 
nez Millan, one of the leaders 
oflheM 19 guerrilla group, has 
sought political asylum in foe 
Austrian Embassy, according 
to radio reports. 

Plotter killed r ; 

Madrid - A firing squad in 
Malabo, capital of Equatorial - 
Guinean, executed Sergeant * 
Eugenio Abeso Mondu, who - 
was convicted of leading an 
attempted coup, within hours ' 
after a court martial an- 
nounced sentences, according ' 
to reports reaching here. 

Defector trial 

Santa Monica (AP) — Vladi- ” 
mir Ratchikhine, aged 44, a [ 
Soviet 'defector, has been ctm- • 
vicied of manslaughter in the ;Z 
drowning of his lover, . 
Ludmilla Kondratjeva. aged 
38. who testified m the spy „ 
trial of Richard Miller. 


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THE TIMES THURSDAY AUGUST 2 1 1 986 


uVEkSEaS NEWS 


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s crisis 
Budget wins 
cautious praise 



FJnmf Stephen Taylor, Sydney 


Australia’? austerity' Budget 
delivered on Tuesday Las 
been given qualified approval 
on aS sides in the domestic 
economic debate. 

But the Australian dollar 
trading on the international 
money markets, the ufthttaie 
judgement on the package, 
continued yesterday to reflect 
uncertainty over prospects for 
a recovery. . ■ 

The influential Financial 
Review described, the Budget, 
the fourth by Mr Paul 
Keating, the Treasurer, as i 
fine effort, and several other 
commentators thought that 
the Government of Mr Bob 
Hawke had taken a coura- 
geous, though inevitable, step 
towards restructuring the 
economy. 

Mr Simon Crean, president 
of the Australian Council of 
Trade Unions, did not rule out 
foe Budget's plan in effect to 
halve foe increases expected in 
foe next round of centralized 
wage-fixing. 

The ACTU-was prepared to 
negotiate a new agreement 
under the prices and incomes 
accord, he said. The union 
movement would not be ir- 
responsible in the economic 
crisis, but he said that 'it 
should not be the only sector 
of foe community to exercise 
restraint. 

Mr Hawke said he was 
confident that foe accord 
would bold. He described Mr 
Crean’s response to. the 2 per 
cent wage discounting plan as 
constructive. 


Critics of the unions should 

remember that the ACTU had 

already accepted a 5 per cent 
- reduction in real wages in the 
past three years, he added. 

Mr John Howard, Liberal 
’ leader of the Opposition, was 
also cautious in his com- 
ments. He criticized foe level 
of taxation in the Budget, but 
said the last dung the Austra- 
lian economy' needed was 
opportunistic condemnation. 

Mr Hawke’s most immedi- 
ate problem would seem to be 
persuading his l eft wire to 
accept the resumption ofnra- 
nium rales to fiance. 

Mr foil Hayden, foe Foreign 
Minister, denied bath prom- 
ptly and emphatically reports 
yesterday that he was leading a 
revolt over the proposal, rat 
there is undoubtedly resis- 
tance from allies in the South 
Pacific as well asdomesticaiiy. 

Uranium worth SAus 102 
million (£42 million) is imd&r 
contract for supply to France. 
Sales were banned in 1984 
because of continuing French 
nuclear testing in the Pacific. 

“We are confident that all 
the uranium that is contracted 
for win be delivered,*’ Senator 
Gareth Evans, foe Energy 
Minister, said yesterday. 

Mr Keating shrugged off the 
fact that the dollar drop 
below its immediate pre-T __ 
get level of US 633 cents. He 
also ruled out early elections. 
Aust ralians were fed up with 
elections, he said. 

Leading article, Page 11 


Greek curb 
on soccer 
hooligans 

From Mario Modiano 
Athens 

Tire Greek Parliament yes- 
terday passed a law intended 
to curb the football hooligan- 
ism fast becoming a -sconrge 
here. Offenders wUl be liable 
to up to two years, in jail and 
heavy fines. 

Those convicted win be 
barred from all sports events 
involving the chib they support 
for between three mouths and 
two years, and die courts may 
also oblige them Or report to 
the local police station and 
stay there during, matches. 

Acts of hooliganism as de- 
fined by the new law include 
throwing missiles before; dngv 
ing or after tire event; gate- 
crashing with intent to ob- 
struct; using violence or Tool 
language; becoming involved 
in toawls; possessing offensive 
objects or inflammatory ma- 
terials; and offending foe na- 
tional sensitivities of rival fens 
and athletes. - 
Second-time offenders vriff 
forfeit their right to exrharoe 
short prison sentences for 
fines^ 

Athletes or dnb officials 
indulging in statements or 
actions likely to incite violence 
wfl] be barred from entering 
sports grounds for ap to two 
years and fined up to £25^00 
for a second offence. 

“We are not against sports 
fans,” Mr Apostolos 
Kaklamanfs, the Justice Min- 
ister, said. “But we want to 
bring family, spectators back 
to the sports grounds.’' 


Nigerians 
seek a 
fresh path 

Lagos (Rentier)-— A seven- 
month national debate on 
how Nigeria should be gov- 
erned after the armed forces 
relinquish power will «nd 06 
September 30, a senior official 
said yesterday. 

Mr Samuel Cookey, chair- 
man of foe political bureau set 
up to run foe debate, said that 
it wanted to start collating 
material to report to the 
government. 

President Ibrahim Bab- 
angida, who took over in ' a 
military coup a year ago, has 
promised to hand oyer power 
by 1990. In January he gave 
foe .bureau a year to rccom- 
mend.* form of government, 
^complete range of people, 
including academics, -joun ~’ 
ists, military men, basin 
leaders, market women and 
taxi drivers, have been mak- 

Some^ave advocated 
return to foe British .par- 
liamentary system used just 
after independence. Others 
favour the American pres- 
idential model' Which lasted 
from 1979 to 1983. 

Multiple and angle party 
systems bave been proposed, 
’traditional chiefs have said 
that they should play a part 
and some people want foe 
armed forces, who have ruled 
for most of Nigeria’s post- 
independence history, to re- 
tain a role. 

Since independence in I960 
Nigeria has had two periods of 
civilian government and five 
successful military coups: 


Senator stresses US 
support for Aquino 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 


Senator Richard Lugar said 
at foe end of a three-day visit 
to foe Philippines yesterday 
that foe United States would 
condemn vigorously any at- 
tempt to overthrow the six- 
montb-old Aquino Govern- 
ment- 

But foe influential Repub- 
lican senator, who is chairman 
of foe powerful Senate foreign 
relations committee, also 
added that Washington's sup- 
port for the; new Government 
was diplomatic and political 
rather than military, and be 
ruled out specifically US mili- 
tary intervention to abort any 
coup attempt 

He stressed, however, that 
Washington had no “credible 
information" on a possible 




Senator Logan scorned re- 
ports of pro-Marcos coup, 
military coup or any attempt 
by supporters of Mr Ferdi- 
nand Marcos, the deposed 
leader, to seize power. 

“We would certainly took 
very unfavourably upon any 
such attempt from any 
quarter," he said. - ■ 


He dismissed widespread 
rumours that Mr Marcos, who 
is in exile in Hawaii, would 
return to reclaim foe presi- 
dency or that pro-Marcos 
troops would stage a coup 
when Mrs Aquino visits foe 
US for eight days starting on 
September 15. 

“I have no doubt that foe 
continuity will continue dur- 
ing her absence, which will be 
brief” he said. 

Mr- Juan Ponce Enrile, the 
Defence Minister, who is seen 
as a possible presidential chal- 
lenger, was an important 
member of the Aquino admin- 
istration, he said. Mr Enrile 
and Mrs Aquino made “a 
strong team". 

“Pm impressed not only 
with the strength that he (Mr 
Enrile) brings to foe Govern- 
ment but with his absolute 
loyalty to the Government” 

An official report last week 
into the failed July 6 revolt by 
Marcos loyalists concluded 
that Mr Quite, for 16 years Mr 
Marcos's Defence Minister, 
was an “unknown factor" in 
the conduct of the 36-hour 
-revolt which ended when 300 

rebel soldiers surrendered. 

The six-member presiden- 
tial committee concluded that 
“hidden conspirators" re- 
mained at large and that there 
was a high risk that a second 
attempt to seize power could 
coincide with Mrs Aquino’s 
US visit or trips to Indonesia 
and Singapore. 

• Mayor killed: Gunmen rid- 
ing in a minibus killed a 
town’s mayor who supported 
Mr Marcos, the official Phil- 
ippine -News. Agency said 
(Reuter reports). 


\ 


Reagan sees Contras ‘only alternative 5 


From Michael BSny on 
Washington 

Revealing for the first riwf 
his true intentions on Nica- 
ragua, President Reagan has 
said that nnkee the Managua 
sought democracy, the “only 
alternative” would-be for the 
rebels “to have their way and 
takeover.** 

In an in te r v i ew with a 
Mexican newspaper, ExcB- 
sbr, released by the White 
House on Tuesday, he said 
that the goal of US policy 
remained a peaceful political 
se tflemant between the San- 
dimsta Government in Mar 
nagua and the Conus rebels. 

But the Sandimsftw had 
rebuffed one attempts to “per- 
suade them to sit down and 
ne go tia te the demoantiattion 
erf Nicaragua.” 

He hoped that the $100 
mHKw i in US mili tary and 
Other aid a wafting approval 
would be enoagh to force the 
Sandimstas to talk, bat added: 
*If Nicaragua still won’t see 

rhf fight, or th e Sandmlstn 
Government won't, then the 
only alternative is for the 
freedom fighters to have their 
way and take over.” . 

- His remark, the bltmtest yet 
on an issue about which he , 
feels very strongly, appears to 
have beat Minted oat to the 
embarrassment of his Admin- 
istration, which has always 
denied any intention of caus- 
ing the overthrow of the 
Nrearasnaa Government 
! A White House spokesman 
was quick to explain that this 
represented “no change” in 
US poBcy. But to jastny its 
level of support for foe 
Contras , the Administration 







President Ortega ofNicaragua, left, deep in discussion with a fellow poet, his Culture Minis- 
ter, Father Ernesto CardenaJ, who is a key figure in efforts to promote literary expression. 

needed an “ultimate goal", 
which the President bad now 
stated. 

Asked about foe notion of 
seeking foe overthrow of a 
government with which foe US 
Has diplomatic relations, the 


spokesman admitted: “It's an 
nniKmil situation." 

To get aid for the Contras 
from a reluctant Congress, Mr 
Reagan has denied consis- 
tently that he wants to over- 
throw the Sandinistas. 


But his latest remark may 
increase suspicion among 
many liberal congressmen who 
are convinced that the present 
policy may, like Vietnam, lead 
to the direct involvement of US 
forces. 


Chile agents read 
embassy secrets 

From Harry Debelins, Madrid 


Chilean intelligence agents 
spied on foe communications 
of foe Spanish Embassy and at 
least five other Western em- 
bassies in Santiago for more 
than two months, reading 
secret messages, it was dis- 
closed here yesterday. 

The Foreign Ministry said 
that foe Spanish Ambassador, 
Senor Miguel Solano Aza, 
demanded an explanation at a 
meeting on Tuesday wjfo the 
Chilean Foreign Minister. Se- 
tt or Jaime del Valle, who 
expressed surprise and prom- 
ised an investigation. 

Other embassies known to 
have been spied on, according 
to newspapers here, are those 
of foe United States, Italy, The 
Netherlands. Venezuela and 
Uruguay. 

Spanish diplomats discov- 
ered foe espionage after the 
defection and subsequent 
rapid departure from Chile of 
two agents of Chile’s National 
Information Centre (CNI). 

They explained that foe 
CNI processed all rubbish 
from the embassies, piecing 
together and reading each 
scrap of paper. 

The agency even had the 
capacity to reassemble docu- 


ments put through a shredder, 
and to read information from 
used typewriter ribbons, they 
said. 

Spain told other Western 
embassies about the spring. 

The independent Madrid 
daily El Pais said that the 
material recovered by the CNI 
included draff copies of at 
least 11 communications by 
Senor Solano Aza to the 
Spanish Foreign Ministry be- 
tween May J7 and July 9, 
three of which foe Ambas- 
sador had marked for coding. 

Reliable diplomatic sources 
raid that Western embassies in 
Santiago had been in recent 
contact wifo several high- 
ranking military officers criti- 
cal of foe regime of President 
Pinochet of Chile. 

A Spanish political source 
said that Chilean opposition 
leaders had been in dose 
contact wifo Spanish Embassy 
staff in Santiago. He pointed 
out that Spain’s peaceful 
transition from dictatorship to 
democracy has been taken as a 
model in many Latin- Ameri- 
can countries. 

The ruling Spanish Socialist 
Party actively supports Gen- 
eral Pinochet’s opposition. 


Eta denies offering ceasefire 


Madrid — The Basque sepa- 
ratist terrorist organization 
Eta has denied offering a 
ceasefire if foe Government 
would negotiate, according to 
reports yesterday (Harry De- 
belius writes). 


The organizaimn has also 
claimed responsibility for the 
assassination of an army colo- 
nel in 'foe northern town of 
Villarreal, and for a car bomb 
which injured three people in 
Bilbao. . 


SOME 



Since its creation Teachers Highland Cream has always 
contained at least 45% pure malt whiskies. 

Because of the growing variation in the qualities of 
Scotch Whisky becoming available, we have decided to 
guarantee this feature of our blend. 

GUARANTEED AT LEAST 45% PURE MALT WHISKIES. 

This new guarantee does not mean that the blend of 
whiskies which make up Teacher’s Highland Cream has 
changed in any way. 

But, in a world, where standards vary, we thought you 
would welcome this additional reassurance. 

From now on, the guarantee will appear on all bott- 
lings of Teacher’s Highland Cream, although it may take a 
little while before you see the new labels behind the bar or 
in your local off-licence. 

Of course, 45% is an unusually high proportion of pure 
malt whiskies, and together with carefully selected grain 
whiskies, this feature makes an important contribution to the 
unique character and flavour of Teacher’s Highland Cream. 


4~=slrEACHERC 


ESTD. 


4 





.1830 



Wm. TEACHER & SONS LTD 


SCOTCH WHISKY DISTILLERS 




THE TIMES THURSDAY AUGUST 21 1986 


SPECTRUM 


■THE TIMES ■ 

PROFILE 

FLEET STREET 
Britain’s national 
press is rejuvenating 
itself, after 500 years 
on a famous street 
of infamous repute 




STANDARD 


SUNDAY EXPRESS 




mmrA 


MOVEMENT PLANS NOT DECIDED 


OBSERVER 


EDITORIAL 




EDITORIAL 


Houses of 
Parliament 


,;r iJeSsopte^' I 7* T, ? D ® > . ^ 

- rs>fhe Sun £•* 

r.. r News Of the World 




’ EDITORIAL LOCATION NOT DECIDED 


Guardian^Sj^ 


F leet Street will not 
live to celebrate its 
500th anniversary, 
due at the turn of the 
century," as the centre 
of the printing industry. In a 
cataclysmic nine months, 
virtually every national news- 
paper has emerged with plans 
to flee 'the ancient, crowded 
alleyways and courtyards of 
EC4. Meanwhile it has 
emerged as the last place on 
earth where a new newspaper 
venture would wish to base 
itself. 

For devotees of Fleet 
Street's dark pubs, its antique 
industrial processes and its 
gloomy self-importance; this 
has been a sad year. News- 
paper readers, frustrated by 
years of strikes and stoppages, 
might disagree. 

In fad Fleet Street was bom 
because of an industrial dis- 
pute: One Wynkyn de Worde 
(sic), an apprentice of Caxton, 
wanted to escape from his 
master's printing monopoly in 
Westminster. He moved to 
the City of London to set up 
shop under the Sign of the Sun 
on the south side of the street 
He published some 800 books 
before his death in 1535 and. 
along with the legal primer 
Richard Pynson, established 
the area as the centre of the 
law and publishing industries. 
The first newspaper in the area 
was the Daily Couranl. which 
began in 170Z and from then 
on both thp editorial and 
production sides of the in- 
dustry were to ding to the 
little enclave as if their lives 
depended on it 
It became a cukural and 
constitutional entity. On the 
one hand scurrilous, on the 
other, aided by Dr Johnson, a 
centre - of political dissent .and ' 
literary life. IA its heyday 1 hr ■ 
the- 1930s hs cantankerous - 
palaces stood in untameabie '■ 
and symbolic contrast to the 
spires of Westminster. 

But the power and ar- 
rogance 'of the newspaper 
barons were sowing the seeds 
of its eventual demise. Com- 
petition was so fierce and the . 
rewards — both financial and 
political — were so great that 
the work-forces were pam- 
pered. An aristocracy of la- 
bour emerged, controlling 
employment and mistrustful 
of change. Fora longtime they 
clung to power, able to stop 
production at the slightest 
affront to their sensibilities 
and cannily aware that 
proprietorial ambition would 
always stop the paid manage- 
ment short of carrying out 
their direst threats. 

The one thing this structure 
had never had to face was an 
external threat. The rest of 
Britain's overmanned indus- 
trial base was exposed to 
foreign competition; it is sim- 
ply not possible, however, to 
import a national paper. So 
while the cost bases of the 
Feet Street companies re- 
mained roughly equivalent 
the situation was just about 
tolerable. 

New technology, however, 
had years ago revealed Ihe 
insanity of producing news- 


T W A M £■ 


■ 3?Sr 

Tbs Mail on Sunday ■ ? 
The Standard 


papers with 100-year-okl ma- 
chines. But against the 
ferociously protective union 
structure whose craft-based 
roots 'wem back as far as 
Caxton. there seemed little 
prospect of its full-scale 
introduction. 

The threat became external 
to Feet Street Iasi year when 
Eddy Shah, fresh from a 
victory against those same 
unions on his local papers. 
begin work on a new national 
paper — Today. There were to 
be no unions and copy was to 
be set directly into a computer 
by journalists. The editorial 
offices were to be in the no- 
man's land of Vauxhall Bridge 
Road and printing was to be at 
regional centres. 

Until January this year it 
seemed to be a case of waiting 
for the time bomb that Shah 
had primed to go off. But then 
News International faced 
with a strike by its NGA and 
Sogat employees, moved its 
four titles to Wapping, aban- 
doning the old technology at 
Gray's Inn Road and 
Bouverie Street;, The 
combination of an entirely 
new distribution system and 
greater legal constraints on 
industrial action rendered the 
print unions powerless to stop 
the move. 

S hah had lost the ini- 
tiative. In March it 
became apparent by 
how much. His paper 
was editorially in- 
distinct and failed to achieve 
any of its targets. Meanwhile 
every Feet Street company 
had swung into action with 
survival plans. " News 
International’s move, com- 
bined with a range of new 
newspaper ventures aimed at 
exploiting the new technology, 
meant that no group could 
safely delay. Anybody not able 
to cut costs radically within a 
few years would be threatened 
by the ability of new-technoU- 
ogy newspapers to cut 
advertising rates, hold down 
cover prices and finance 
promotion. ; . 

Vet Shah had shown that 
the mystique of new technol- 
ogy was riot all it seemed. 
Colour photographs proved to 
be of little appeal and bis 
inability to break into the 
existing market to any real 
extent demonstrated the iner- 
tia of the readership. New 
proprietors, hitherto en- 
thralled by the apparent low 
cost of becoming a baron, ‘ 
suddenly became aware of the 
power born of the existing 
titles' years in the market 
place. 

In the midst of its crisis, 
Shah's operation became im- 
mensely attractive for pre- 
cisely those reasons — its self- 
contained nature offered a 
cheap, quick route into na- 
tional newspapers. The 
Australian media en- 
trepreneur Kerry Packer and 




® NEW SITES 
O OLD SITES 


p-DsBy Telegraph i-i 
Sunday Telegraph ~j 


The Observer , 


Financi a l times 


The Tower ; 

G3 £3; 


Dally En 
Sunday t 
The Star 



Past imperfect: the fading bodes of Fleet Stock 






■WAPPING 




vsTorwwT'V^ 


THE TIMES 
.THE SUNDAY TIMES 


NEWS’ 
WORLD I 


EDITORIAL A PRINTING I 

: 


r.x- .-•n :•-;»#% ■'-*■■ ■£ '~Ti. 




his fellow countrymen at the 
Fairfax company showed an 
interest before Lonrho 
emerged with a winning res- 
cue package. 

Meanwhile, some liberal 
consciences were being 
stretched to breaking point 
Journalists have traditionally 
had a love-hate relationship 
with the print un ions and. for 
a time after News 
International's move to 
Wapping. this turned in some 
quarters to undiluted love. 
New technology, it was felt, 
should be cautiously nego- 
tiated rather than imposed. 
The reality of the situation, 
however, was that the time for 
such talks had run out Low- 
cost competition was here, 
and the only question left was 
how to get it as quickly as 
possible. Journalists on The 
Observer and The Guardian 
are now busily negotiating 
deals involving bonus pay- 
ments for transferring to di- 
rect-input technology. 

The next stage of this 
apocalyptic scenario is diffi- 
cult to forecast. Derek 
Tenfngtqn, the publishing in- 
dustry analyst at the stock- 
brokers Phillips & Drew, 
estimates that new' technology 
will widen profit margins on 
national newspapers from the 
miserly level of2 to 4 percent 
to around 10 to 14 per cent 
allowing the newspapers the 
freedom -to finance their own 
investment programmes. 

Of course this depends on 
the continuing appetite for 
newspapers in Britain. This 
has held steady, in spite of the 
fears aroused in the 1950s that 
television would make in- 
roads into their market. Now 
just under 15 million news- 
papers — 12.2 million 
populars and 2.4 million qual-i i 
ities — are sold daily, and 
almost 18 million on Sundays, 
15 million populars and 2.6 
million qualities. Little growth 
from these levels can be 
expected, but, on the other 
hand, there seems no likeli- 
hood of a decline. 

Whatever else the future 
brings, nothing on earth will 
take the barons back to Feet 
Street, with its wine bars and 
betting shops and the odd. 
blighted legacy of Wynkyn de 
Worde. 

Bryan Appleyard 

© Hines Nmnpapan Ud, IMS 




Ooiln^Hlatl 

STANDARD 


PRINTING 


THE GUARDIAN 


f'*jz 


PRINTING* 

{?: rn:-,- TvJ 

fcViTlSLE OF ■j&htyi-'S 


FINANCIAL TIMES 

PRINTING 

r\ i i...y , 

'JE-EAST NDJADOCK?, 




Hot news from Paris, London and 
Milan. Fifty pages of the complete 
guide to autumn fashion. 

What made Bob Hoskins go 
Japanese, how a Canadian pop 
. starfell ford wild English rose, why 
. Frenchmen make lousy lovers. 


ELLE IS ... A WHOLE WORLD 
OF MAGAZINES AT YOUR FINGERTIPS 


FASr ll®*| 
SPECIAL ' 

hqtmews from 

'^[O|[|0NCPARIS MILAN 


DEbPyfUl 
* THE MONfH'H 

' GOOD FOR 
NOTHING? 
WHY SOCIAL 
WORKERS 
WORK. 

A FRENCHMANS 
I NO THANKS' A 


PLUS Terence Conran on the best 
of Greek, Jan Morris exploring 
Vermont, the keep-fit queen who 
swears by Pacific prawns and a 
step^by-step guide to Manhattan’s 
latest donee craze. 


ELLE. 

OUT NOW. £1 


•VO-w* 

. .-V 'V 


THE GUARDIAN 


Circulation: 538,000. 
Ownership: Trust including 
local papers and Manchester 
Evening News. 

Finances: Significantly 
improved by substantial 
increase in circulation in 
recent years. Imminent group 
results should show 
turnover of £115 million and 
profits of about £8 million. 
Slightly less than a half of the 
turnover is attributable to 
77ie Guardian and about 
£500.000 of profits. 

Location: In Farringdon 
Road with printing By con tr a ct 
at The Times presses in 
Gray's Inn Road. New £23 
million docklands plant due 
to come into full production by 
January 1988. 

Staffing: Currently 1,000. 
Reduction by 200 — 60 per 
cent from NGA, rest from 
Sogat— has been agreed but 
detailed negotiations are 
about to start Plans are to 
retain all existing unions. 


THE OBSERVER 


Circulation: 782,000 
Ownership: lonrho. 

Finances: Group made 
profits of £158.3 million on 
turnover of E2J586 mil Bon. 
Manufacturing division, 
including The Observer, 
contributed £19.4 million of 
profit But paper is losing 
money and does not expect to 
move into profit until two 
' years after the move. 

Location: Currently at 
Blackfriars. Plans now to move 
editorial to Battersea next 
March simultaneously with a 
transfer of printing to 
contracts with four regional 
centres - Portsmouth, 
Bradford, Peterborough and 
Worcester — having shed • 
its London print workforce. 
Staffing: Currently 90 
journalists, 460 full-time staff 
and 650 part-time. A total of 
500 redundancies now 
required. Now negotiating 
what is claimed to be the "best 
ever" redundancy deal. 


’-.--'J'lVyri.vs ■ 




SUNDAY TELEGRAPH 


tV- 


PRINTING* 


-Blacfcwafl ' 
Tumtal T i 


PHi 




FLEE' HCLD N3S 


Circulation: Daily Express 
1.81 mflfion, Sunday Exam 
2.31 mflfion, Daily Star! A - 
million. ' . . ... 

Ownership: United 


NEWS INTERNATIONAL 


Circulation: Sun 4 mifflon. 

News of the WWtf43mWon, ' 
The Times 503.800. Sunday '* 

. Times 1.13 mifiqn. r 

Ov^nershif^Whpiiy-Qwned - 

UK arm of the Australian- 
based Nev» Corporation. ■- 
Fkiahces: Ni made £46.3 
miMkm profit on tumowr of ,: 
£493 million. UK printing, 
and pubftshing contributed £39 
mHtion profit _ V 

Location: After repeated 
breakdown of negotiations, ail 
four tifles-weramovedfrom— - . 
Gray's Inn Road end Bouverie 
Street to Wapping in . . 

January 1986 with futi direct-" 


Illustration by John Grimwade - 


DAILY/SUNDAY TELEGRAPH II ASSOCIATED NEWSPAPERS 


SSST 

; v, 6,000 to 2iXK},Jfae totter •*- • 
FinanAs; In fast full year, - . ... , comprising 700 journalists, * 


Circulation: Daily Telegraph 
1 ,14 mffion, Sunday Telegraph 
675.000. 

Ownership: Now controlled 
by Canadian businessman 
Conrad Black, who took 
over from the Berry family last 

year. 

Finances: Plunged deeply 
into debt as a result of £105 
million investment in a new 
docklands plant Die 
introduction of 

photocomposition and a plant 
in Manchester to print 
300,000 copies. In addition the 
last trading figures showed 
a pre-tax loss of £8.9 million 
and a total loss of £36.4 
million. 

Location: Currently in Fleet 
Street Next month printing 
starts at the docklands 
plant and will gradually be 
stepped up to take the 
whole run. Editorial was to be 
moved to Sea Containers 
House on the South Bank 
along with Mail : 

Newspapers but the deal fed 
through. The Telegraph is 
now looking for a central 
London location. 

Staffing: 3,300 m London 
with the traditional newspaper 
mix of unions. Some 2,000 
redundancies are being aimed 
at Negotiations about to 
begin. 


Circulation: DafyMaB 1 33 
million, Mail on Sunday 1 .63 
million, London Standard 
517,000. 

Ownership: Parent 
company is publicly quoted 
concern headed by 
Viscount Rothermere. 

Finances: In year to 

September 1 98S group made- - : 
. £41 3 million pretax profits . 
on turnover of £424.5 miHion. : " 
Newspapers and 
magazines contributed £20.8 
million-profit against £6.7 
million the year before. Outside 
estimates suggested Dally 
Mail contributed £2.3 mil Bon, 
the Standard^ .5 mHJIon . 
and the Mail on Sunday an £8 
million loss, although this 
was rapidly being reduced. A 
rights issue In March raised 
£29.6 million. 

Location: Immediate fy 
south of Reel Street Printing 
move to Surrey Dooks 
planned. Editorial move to 
Barkers departmentstore 
in Kensington being 
negotiated.' -- 

Staffing: Cuts of 6001n tee ' ' 
London staff of 4,200 expected 
this year. £40 million in 
redundancy payouts expected. 
Relaunch of London 
Evening News now being 
considered. 


turnover of group was £31 2 A 
million and pretax profits ‘ 
£34.9 mBfon. In the year to 
June 1985, Fleet made - 
profits of£93mlWon on 1 
turnover of £272 miffion. 
Location: Fleet Street. 

Decision on dockland move wU 
be made this year* 

Staffing: United achieved a 
one-third cutin its 6300 staff. . 
Docklands move, would . 
-require farther negotiations, •: - 


FINANCIAL TIMES 


drcufatioK.258.000> Of this . 
’199,000 is printed in London, : 

49.000 In FrankWrt and 

10.000 in New York. 
'Ownership: Part of ■ 

. Information and. 

Entertainments Division of 
Pearson group. 

Finances: Total group 
turnover £970 nation with 
profits of £109 million. This 
division contributed £486. 
million aqd £49>9 million ' ’ 
profit . 

Location: Bracken House in 
the City of London, wh£ra 
editoriaiwifl.reynain after . 

,prirt moves tp docklands 7 — - 
either Beckton or East India 
Docks— aS part of-E55 maflon - 
package. ‘ . ; . 

Staffing: Negotiations soon 
to start qri loss of 400 jobs out 
of current 1,500 totaL- 
Target date of January 1988 
tor direct input. 


BOO printers, mairily from the 
electricians' union, and 500 . 
ancillary staff. Talks with' • 
dismissed workers may • 
reopen soon. 


MIRROR GROUP 
NEWSPAPERS 


Circulation: Daily Mirror . 

" 6.06 mSfion, Sunday Mirror 
2^9 million. Sunday People 
-2£8mttlion. . • 


-Maxwell vfaPergamon Priiss* ^ 
-Printtog facilities now • 

■ owned by Maxwell's BP PC. ‘ 
Purchased for £1 13 ihilfon 
from Reed Group. ; 

Finances: Structural 
changes make LndJvidtial - r ' 
profits impossible to 
establish. In 1983-84 Mirror 
.Group made profits o f £5.7 

■ ntilfion on turnover of £277 •. > 

million. ... , . - . 

Location: Currently at 
.Hoibom. Much talk of plans to 1 
•move but no announcement 

. yet Colour presses nqw on 
order from Germany for ; 
JnetaHation in Londoaarid ' r ‘ 
Manchester next year. ■ 

Staffing: Mamvell has- 
.achieved sdme2,t00 
■redundancies from the ' i - t. 
6.000 staff he inherited. - : . 
Unspecified further 
reductions are likely. Precise 
picture made hazier by 
plans for new London evening , 
paper. 


A masterclass in aggression 


• There will be no more 
respectful pupils In Brit- 
ain than those of jndo 
maestro Yasnhiro Ya- 
mashita, below. ' 



This glorious sun of Japanese 
judo arrives here- next Mon- 
day. And the 20-stone Olym- 
pic gold medal winner, four 
times world champion — un- 
- beaten in 203 successive fights 
already has British fighters 
lying on their black belts and 
preparing to bow respectfully. 

• When he retired last year 
after winning bis ninth 
successive All-Japan title. Ya- 
mashiia had transformed 
judo, restoring to his country 
the dominance of the sport 
they invented. 

Until 1961 Japan had al- 
ways been pre-eminent in 
judo, but then Dutchman 
Anton Gcesinkl who allied 
precise skill to his 6ft 6in. 18- 
sione frame, won both . the 


world championships and the 
Olympic gold medal in Tokyo. 
He was followed by other 
European fighters who pulled 
apart Japan's monopoly. 

■ Then came Yamashita, 
trained for domination from 
the cradle; . His . grandfather 
used to massage tbe baby with 
ice and dip him alternately in 
hot and cold water-to toughen 
■ him against colds-' When he 
was a year old he won a local 
contest to choose the healthi- 
est baby. 

As he grew into manhood 
be adopted a pre-tournament 
routine of scrubbing his flat 
and body with equal care so 
both were spotless should he 
die in competition.. 

Then be bung the name of 
his greatest rival upon the wall 
to stare au listened to judo 
songs and finally walked up a 
nearby hill and at the top sang 
My Way in Japanese. 

Yamashita, 290 is ideally 
built for a judo heavyweight. 
He is only 5ft llin tall and has a 
very low centre, of gravity, 
which makes throwing him 
extremely difficult , “It is hke 
fighting a refrigerator with a 
head on top", says American 
coach Jim Wpolley- 

Bui Yamashita*? use of his 
own bodyweight is masterly. 
Former world champion 
Sumio Endo. who retired in 
despair after, consistently los- 
ing to Yamashita, saVsTWhen 

an opponent 'is' off-balance. 
Yamashita knows exactly how 


.to use his own weight to 
prevent him from adjusting 
it**.: 

. When he retired. Japan's 
supremacy crumbled. His 
successor. Hitdshi Saito lost 
the world title, in Seoul after 
having his elbow broken in 25 
seconds by a Korean. ‘ . 

Yamashita, who will teach 
here for a year, has » lack of ■ 

disfigurement that recalls the 


reply- of the " Samurai ; . In T 
Kurosawa's film. The- Seven A 
Samurai, who when askedO 
why he would not enlist ode/ ; 
hardened but badly-marked r > 
warrior to protect a village,-- 
answered: “It is hoi the man 
with the scars we are looking, 
for.- ft is the man who gave ' 
him the scars",:. - ^ 

John Goodbody" 


CONCISE CROSSWORD NO 1014 


ACROSS 

8 Compendium (13) 

9 Dread (3) - 

10 Sound capabilities . 
(9) 

H Militan disband- 
. mcri (5) 

13 Less maun* (7) ' 

16 ktealised woman (7)- 

19 Roman gowns (5) ■ 

.22 Immunisation - 

plasma (9) 

.24 Comemplative Bud- 
dhism (3) 

.24 ImolerabIe(L3j 

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3 Disordered 'comr : 
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BOOKS 




m\ mi MB 



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TT:B .exiraoadftwiy what has 
| *«sne aui.qf the parsonages of 
| '4hC: Quitch. ©f England. Now 
.Adhere wTboraas; Robert Ma> 
Jie$u9:€oHc£e, Cam- 
brid^a, wrangler and ihe. bachelor 
thc&mbenftef Aibwry in- Surrey. In 
the «wrap< of Tdlspuiation .with his - 
bth& a-ftUower of Godwin, he 
dan$cd ce/tain< ideas of his.own : in 
an i ESsgiy ,<», the, Principle of 
Population, ^published' anony~ 
moustyip: 1798- V remember the ' 
exdiemeni whh whidi, as a fellow 

of as yet maincturcfr with 

economics. - i * read . it upon the . 
recommendation of anokter mem-. 
ber'of H^Ji Tabte. also a wrangler; 
who. had retired-after a’ career as 
judge in . India. Yet the intellectual 
sensation that- the Essay produced 
in 1 798.. though it was to contribute 
a root word to the vocabulary of 
nations, is hard for the late Twenti- 
eth Century to imagine. 

A formidable publishing venture 
by William- Pickering has reprinted 
the Essay along with two of the later 
editions of the book as Malthas 
rewrote it .between 1803 and 1826. 
following extensive further reading 
and travels, having become, as a 
married clergyman now. a professor 
at the new Haileybury College. The 
curious reader can thus follow the 
modification ami clarification of the 
author's original thesis in the con- 
test of* complete collection of his 
published works. 

Like most of his countrymen in 
the E ng l an d that fought Revolu- 
tionary and Napoleonic France, but 
unlike his father. Malthas was not 
disposed to believe in the 
perfectibility of mankind or of 
human society. But the country 
parson was deeply interested in the 
condition of rural poor. His thesis, 
to present it in un&iriy epi- 
grammatic abbreviation, was that 
the potential increase of population 
is geometric, but of resources at best 
only arithmetic. The happiness of a 
society would therefore depend 
essentially upon the.way.in which it 
coped -with .that iron hw-so as io 
maintain a tolerable harmony be. 
tween population and resources. 
The harmony could be produced by 
“prudence”. If not, it. would be 
producedby “misery”. 

The interest of Mafthus for a 
modern .reader is not that be could 
in the early Nineteenth Century 
have as yet no suspicion of what we 
now know to be the almost in- 


J.Enoch Powell 
on a seminal 
wrangler who 
gave its the first 
principles of 
population 


THE WORKS OF 
THOMAS ROBERT 
MALTHUS 

. Edited by 
Professor E A Wi 
and Dr David: 

Pickering A Chatto 
8 volumes. £360 


finitely elastic potentialities for the 
production of mod. After aU. we still 
have running about today the 
spiritual heirs of LpydBoyd Ott and 
the world-starvationists, who 
foisted upon us .the Food and 
Agriculture Organisation and the 
Common Agriculture Policy. What 
is more instructive to explore is 
what Maithus r if le d “prudence”, 
meaning the adaptation mecha-~ 
nisms of human society whereby 
populations vary their rate of 
increase rastinctuoSy. 

An. heir- of the enlightenment, 
Maithus was infect standing on the 
shore of what we now recognize as 
the boundless ocean of investiga- 
tion and explanation of human 
social behaviour, an ocean whose 
placid surface of conscious rational- 
ity and coherence belies depths of 
unconscious and as yet unexplained 
causation. These were as tittle 
suspected by Maithus as tv his 
Godwinhe antagonists. “Finding 
that from the laws of nature we 
could not proportion the food to the 
population, our next attempt should 
rationally be (my italics] to propor- 
tion the population to the food. If 
we can persuade the hare to go to 
sleep, the tortoise may have some 
chance of overtaking her.” 

Maithus perceived two institu- 
tional assets which would favour 
that attempt: capitalism, with its 
emphasis on private property and 
wage-paid labour; and the West 
European marriage system. Com- 


bined with one another, these 
placed the future living standards of 
the labouring poor largely in then- 
own hands. Poor relief, the subject 
of intense experiment and con- 
troversy at the time, “was well 
applied if it merely relieved the 
comparatively few that would be in 
want if there were no public 
provision for them, without the 
fatal and unavoidable consequence 
of continually increasing their 
number”. Maithus was an advocate 
of savings banks “because of the 
active link b etween a general finan- 
cial prudence and a willingness to 
postpone marriage until adequate 
resources are available”. 
“Education” would, in his view, be 
another aid to “prudence”, enhanc- 
ing the rewards and attractions of 
the limitation of population: **H is 
unquestionably true that wealth 
produces wants, but it is a still more 
important truth that wants produce 
wealth” 


I 


t is fair to add that with 
continued application to his 
subject Maithus became more 
conscious of the difficulty of 
fitting the observed phenomena of 
population behaviour into so sim- 
plified a framework of explanation 
as that which he had constructed. 
The editor of the collected edition, 
Mr EA. Wrigley, is justified in 
pointing to Maithus as “that rara 
axis, a social scientist whose think- 
ing had a major impact on natural 
science” — through his adequately 
documented influence on Darwin 
and Wallace. It may be difficult for 
us to imagine that the same mind 
“accepted without difficulty Bishop 
Ussher’s chronology of creation” 
(dated 4004 BQ: but perhaps in two 
centuries' time our own mental 
furniture will be perceived to have 
been no less curiously ill-assorted. 

This warning against being too 
confident of our own intellectual 
perspectives is perhaps the principal 
benefit to be gained from the 
systematic exhumation of die total 
oeuvre of a seminal thinker of a past 
era. It is worth observing that the 
scholarly presentation of the works 
of Maithus which is achieved in 
these eight volumes would hardly 
have been possible unless his library 
has been preserved intact by his 
Cambridge college, the kind of 
archive that pickles an author in his 
original environment, like an 
anatomical specimen in spirit 



Rich parasitical 
pickings from isle 
of sin and sulphur 




MEWSW 5 E 








Howto 

staunch 

terror 

Richard 

QirtterbncR 

TERRORISM: 
How the West canwitr- 
By Benjamin Netanyahu 

WadenfeId;£14.9S/ 

THE PREVENTION 
OF TERRORISM 
IN BRITISH LAW 
By Give Walker 

Manchester- University Press 
£27 JO 


Bcnjamm^e ten^Jm^ cnr- 

the Iljn, is . the brother of 

UeutenflflJrCotond Jonathan. 
Netanyahu who died leading 
one ofthe most daring rescues 
of all time — of the 108 Jews 
hijacked to Entebbe in 1976. 
As a memorial their lather, 
Benzion Netanyahu, founded 
the. Jonathan ■ Institute “to 
focus- public attention on the 
real nature of international 
terrorism.” Their first confer- 
ence in . 1979 gathered 50 
distinguished speakers in Je- 
rusalem and this book is based 
on their second, in Washing- 
ton in June . 1984. The 41 
contributors - include 
Schultz, Jeane Kirkpat 
Yitzhak Rabin, Eugene 
Rostow, Daniel M< 

Moshe Aren*. Jfllian 
EKe Kedoore, Claire Sterling 
«nrf p J Vnfldo tis. Benjamin 
Netatiyahu's conclusions . in? 
corporate . the traumatic 
events of 1985. 

As foe reader will expect, 
the - book has a passionate 
Israeli f flavour ana" at the 
centre of its target audience 
are the Americans who are 
themselves no less passionate 
about the. wounds they have 
suflered .in the Middle East 
and the Mediterranean. 

■ As a wince of reference^ the 
contributions of 'people cur- 
rently holding high office, hke 
Schultz and Rabin, are valu- 
able. Schultz stresses the im- 
portance of mteUijtefice and 
the value ofthe US 


George 

patriae. 


FOTUSB ABT GALLERY 

DAPHNE 

BABOURIS 

AKTSHEBrnOU Of 
BAfTIKEBSILK 
K IMONO S 
& TEXTILES ; 

10-6 dtfly ut& 17 Aug 

US-1U darinc CnwBiwd 


T amtrm WJC* 


to authorize rewards for infor- 
mation about terrorists! Rabin 
urges that the proved interna- 
tional support received by 

• terrorists must be matched by 
international cooperation 
against it, and he proposes 
that tins be institutionalized, 
not to replace bilatera l as- 

.. augments, to. supple- 
ment them with a 
coordinating centre sponsored 
■■by- -the USA, to coordinate 
intelligence, transport, mili- 
tary operations and political 
action. 1 personally believe 
that bilateral cooperation wp) 
remain the most effective and 
that centralization would 
cause dday, - argument and 
sometimes suspicion. The 
agreement to the use of US air 
bases in Britain for the bomb- 
ing of Libya in April 1986 was 
bilateral; so was the French 
refusal of overflying rights; so 
was Kenya's cooperation over 
the Entebbe rescue. 

Benjamin Netanyahu sums 
up on “How the West can 
■win**. He urges coordinated 
political and economic action, 
especially the use of civil air 
boycotts, and commends the 
deterrent effect of military 
action; &£.. no. Israeli plane 
was hijacked for 10 rears after 
Entebbe and the Achille Laura 
hijackers surrendered because 
they knew that American and 
Italian forces were about to 
storm the ship. He contends 
that the risk dr civilian casual- 
ties must be accepted rather 
than let the terrorists succeed. 

This is a practical book, 
because both the Editor and 
most ofthe contributors have 
themselves grappled with 
theseprobfcms. 

The P rete n ti on of Tenor- 
ire fa British law is hosed on 
dive Walker’s PhD thesis and 
is, in effect, another review of 
the Prevention of Terrorism 
(Temporary Provisions) Act 
Its cmitral theme is that most 
of the powers needed by: the 
police and others to combat 
te r ro ris m are already available 
in existing criminal law or 
could easfly be added to it on a 
permanent rather than an 
emergency basis. He rightly 
condemns the surgfejudge 
Diplock Courts but, instead of 
the three judges preferred by 
Dublin, be proposes a judge 
with three lay assessors — 
though he * perhaps 
underestimates the problem 
Of their selection and security. 

* Row- does this book com- 
pare with the Shaddcton and 
Jefficoe Reviews — or,, in a 
slightly different setting — tire 
Gardiner Report? A PhD stu- 
dent (and he was clearly a 
good one) can devote much 
more unin terrupted time to 
research than either the princi- 
pals or the witnesses' in the 
official reviews, and it may be 
less influential by. prejudice. It 
cannot match the realism of 
the busy but hard-beaded 
judges and others who took 

part hi the Reviews, but it will 

provide valuable food for 
thought-* and argument — for 
lawyers. 


A map 
ofthe 
Mob 

Robert Fox 


MAFIA BUSINESS 
By Pfno Arfecchl 

Verso. £12.95 


Few subjects in modern Italy, 
America or Britain are 
dowed with sack gbmonws 
mythology as the Skffiaa Ma- 
fia and fo transatlantic cousin, 
the Casa Nostra. The trial 
ffcrdagfcovt most sf this year of 
475 mafiosi saspects 
Palermo's main jafl is set to 
bring forth another wave of 
fiction, faction and hyperbofic 
reportage in video, ceflnhnd 
and print. But before the 
chroniclers of Palermo's 
inaxMriaT despatch the final 
draft to e ditor and publisher 
tiny would be well advised to 
digest thoroughly Professor 
Pino ArtaccfcTs account of the 

commercial ami criminal ; 

tivities of the modem Mafia, 
now appearing 'm Faigfish 
‘Mafia Bnsfioess*. Translated 
by Martin Ryle, this book 
udy to prove the bench-mark 
fa- modem Mafia studies, for 
it lays out the map of activity 
and influence of the modern 
Mafiosi as the gnper-entre p re- 
nears who dominate the inter- 
national narcotics (and by 
implication arms) traffic be- 
tween Asia, Europe and Unit- 
ed States. 

Urine the studies undertak- 
en -by nis department aft the 
University of Calabria. Cosen- 
za, aad a selection of judicial 
records of the Sfeflnua Mafias, 
Professor Arlacdri shows bow 
the Mafiosi of southern Italy 
and Sicily moved from their 
traditional role and culture in 
rural sodety to taking over key 
local and industrial sectors, 
eventually to become the en- 
trepreneurs of international 
narcotics: 

Three yean ago members of 
four SidUiaa dans, Inzerillo, 
Spatola, Gambino and 
Badahusenti, went on trial In 
Palermo for a drags trade 
which was said to have ac- 
counted for 30 per cent of the 
American retail market in 
win, netting a profit annual- 
ly least $600 maUk>n. The 

picture of the Mafia drag 
networks presented in that 
trial has now been radically 
altered by the evidence being 
produced now hi the current 
iuaxMmT. 

Professor Ariacchi thinks the 
trial a real step forward in flie 
fight against Mafia. The man 
who prepared the indictment. 
Judge Giovanni Falcone, is 
more cautious. “It's a small 
step, and there's a tong way to 
go,” be told me recently. “ It's 
tadkrous to talk in terms of 
the Mafia being beaten.** 


Meditations upon women 


Blanche Vernon's - husband 
has left her for his silly young 
secretary. Mouse. Heroically 
controlled, Blanche sits in her 
immaculate flat, wearing her 
expensive clothes, drinking 
good white wine “rather 
steadily", and thinking She 
also spends a lot of time at the 
National Gallery, staring at 
paintings of naked nymphs. 
With their flagrant sensuality 
and “archaic smiles”, they 
remind her of Mousie, and (» 
SaDy, a bohemian young 
charmer she. has impulsively 
befriended. 

The misalliance of the title 
is not really between Blanche 
and her defaulting husband. 
(The best scenes in the book 
are those describing his awk- 
ward visits.) Separated, these 
two still seem married. 

The real disjunctions are 
between scrupulous Blanche 
and irresponsible Sally, and 
between SaDy and her three* 
year-old step-daughter, this 
mute and wary child appeals 
strongly to Blanche, who sub- 
sidizes the feckless household 
for her sake. “Children have 
the wrong mothers.” 

- “Don’t go to the National 
Gallery, Blanche”, begs her 
sister-in-law. very sensibly. A 
Misalliance is entirely spun 
around Blanche's theory, de- 
rived from the loose-limbed 
nymphs, that there is a “great 
chasm dividing the whole of 
womanhood ”. 


Victoria . - 
Glendinning 

A MISALLIANCE 

By Anita Brookner 

Jonathan Cape. £9.95 


. On one side are the respon- 
sible domestic ones, like 
Blanche's neighbour Mrs 
Duffi a “good woman”. You 
don't have to be married to be 
one of these: another is 
Blanche's cleaning lady (a real 
“character”, as cleaning ladies 
in fiction are feted to be), a 
righteous spinster for whom 
the church outing is of the 
greatest moment 
On the other side of the 
divide are “emotional 
gangsters” like Mousie and 
Sally, careless, lawless — and 
irresistible. As an infatuated 
civil servant puts it roped in 
to' sort out Sally's social 
security: “It is simply that 
some women make one rest- 
less. Others one knows will 
always be' there to come home 
to. It’s as simple as that” 

This idea, which a Victorian 
stage-door- Johnny would 
have subscribed to with alacri- 
ty, is made almost interesting 
by the startling grace and 
confidence of Anita 
Brookner’s writing. 

She has become a major 
stylist The misalliance here is 
between maimer and matter. 


As in Motel du Lac, she is just 
brooding, beautifully, about 
why some (apparently unwor- 
thy) women drive men wild 
while others do not 

The central theme is not 
quite “as simple as that”, in 
that Blanche does not fit 
comfortably into either cate- 
gory. As she repeatedly — and-} 
repetitively — restates and 
elaborates her theory, the 
book becomes less a narrative 
than a meditation on images 
of women. Sally, with her 
anarchic, seductive ways, be- 
longs to pagan, Mediterranean 
mythology, while wifely wom- 
en are “part of fallen creation, 
doomed to serve, to be hon- 
ourable, and to be excluded” 

— for pleasure belongs to “the 
old, cynical and unfair gods of 
antiquity.” 

Readers who have some- 
times longed to strangle the 
Brookner heroine with the 
sleeves of her own cardigan, 
scenting an assumption of 
superiority in her lonely fas- 
tidiousness. may warm to 
Blanche Vernon, who suspects 
she opted for “the wrong 
mythology” and that it is 
better to be like Sally than like 
decern Mrs Duff This radical 
thought gives her a migraine. 
But there is a surprise on the 
last page. It provides a suit- 
ably ambiguous ending to a 
marvellously written but un- 
easy novel. 


Leonardo Sriasda is one of 
the greatest writers working 
today and yet his books are 
known to only a few people in 
Britain. Even allowing for our 
infamous parochialism, this is 
a strange state of affairs, for 
Sciascia's work is not only 
exceptionally gifted but acces- 
sible. He is a first-rate story- 
teller with a pure style which 
carries his narrative, sardonic 
wit and a metaphorical under- 
tow in its deceptive, easy flow 
(credit here must go in part to 
an excellent translation byNS 
Thompson). 

Sicilian Uncles is made up 
of four novellas written by 
Sciascia (now 65) in the late 
1 950s. Each revolves around a 
particular historical moment: 
the Allied invasion of Sicily, 
the death of Stalin, the com- 
ings and goings of revolution 
in Sicily and the Spanish Civil 
War. In each the tensions of 
Europe in the twentieth centu- 
ry are compressed into a son 
of metaphorical echo 
chamber. 

Sciascia’s preoccupations 
are with power and justice. He 
writes about a poverty-strick- 
en Sicily, a landscape of 
sulphur mines where the peas- 
ants and workers are dominat- 
ed by the same conspiracy 
between Church and bour- 
geoisie and the whole struc- 
ture permeated and 
threatened by the “men of 
respect”, the Mafia. 

Sciascia is determinedly un- 
romantic about the Mafia 
seeing it as a parasitical cor- 
ruption and yet acknowledg- 
ing. with a weaiy cynicism, 
that it is a manifestation ofthe 
Sicilian resignation to pater- 
nalism. To read Sciascia is to 
see Sicily as a land of contra- 
dictions, superstition and cele- 
bration, a place where 
hypocrisy is rife and the few 
men of principle lie low. In 
detail, harsh comedy and bril- 
liant characterisation. Sciascia 
opens up an unfamiliar land- 
scape bin his greatest gift is in 
turning the particular mto the 
universal so that we are 
presented with a picture which 
is perhaps not so unfamiliar 
after all 

The Cormorant is a promis- 
ing and bizarre first novel by 
Stephen Gregory about the 
relationship between a man 
who gives up suburban life as 
a schoolteacher to go with his 
wife and child to a cottage in 
Wales, and a cormorant which 
he is obliged to take on as part 
of a legacy. The surrounding 
details ofthe plot are all rather 
hackneyed, but the relation- 
ship between man and bird is 
well developed. 

There are some excellent set 
pieces in the novel: the arrival 
of the bird emerging from its 
crate into a warm- domestic 
atmosphere, creating chaos, is 
truly shocking; the fishing 
expeditions to the coastal 
town are curious and touch- 
ing; but best of all is the 
atmosphere of fishy chill, a 
cold, prehensile presence 
which dominates the book to 
its tragic end. 

Patrick Gale’s novel is set in 


FICTION 


Gillian Greenwood 

SICILIAN UNCLES - 

By Leonardo Stiasria 

Carcanct. £8.9$ — 

THE CORMORANT :: 

By Stephen Gregory 
Heinemann. £9JQ 

EASE 

By Patrick Gale 

Abacus £9.95 

COLLECTED — 

STORIES - 

By R Tennessee 
Williams 

Seeker & M'arburgilS * 


middle-class Bristol and seedy 
Queensway, (hough atmo- 
sphere is not an important 
pan of this witty contedion. 
This is a second novel from a 
very young man and it is an 
accomplished high camp com- 
edy with a dash of satire. His 
heroine is Domina Tey. a 
successful playwright whose 
appetite for life is jaded by her 
twenty years in Bristol w'itii a 
fashionable academic whom 
she met at Cambridge. She 
derides to see the darker side 
of life (decidedly deodorized 
in this account) by living for a . 
spell in a bedsit in Bayswater. 

Despite a suicide and a 
potential stabbing, life is rath- 
er jolly in the London tene- 
ment There is an air of. 
Barbara Pym about the place 



Leonardo Sciascia: sardonic ‘ 
teller of harsh Sicilian tales 

(though without her human 
feeling) and a dash of Frederic . 
Raphael It is all rather enjoy- - 
able, and Mr Gale's polished, 
phrasing is a delight, but one - 
does start to be rather bored - 
and wonder quite what's the .. 
poinL 

The matter of human feel- 
ing comes to the fore in the ~ 
Collected Stories of the Ameri- 
can playwright, Tennessee : . 
Williams, which have now-' 
been collected together for the - 
first time with an unpublished **: 
autobiographical story “The 
Man in the Ovemuffod : 
Chair” and an introduction 
from his friend. Gore Vidal,-., 
who suggests that Williams' 
emotionally compelling sto- .. 
ries are a far truer autobiogra- ; 
pby than his controversial 
Memoirs published in 1975. — 


Frenzy, rage and nastiness 


Marguerite Dinas’ business is 
fiction : she writes novels, 
such as The Lover —just out in 
paperback (Flamingo £2.95) — 
which gained ber a Prig Gon- 
court, and film scripts, such as 
the classic Hiroshima man 
amour. This book is feet : bard 
fact: part of her war autobiog- 
raphy, backed by a pair of 
wartime short stories. Excep- 
tionally well written, and ide- 
ally translated by Barbara 
Bray, it conveys as wefl as 
print ran what life was like in 
Paris in the summer of 1944 
and the late spring of 1945. 

Not many prominent writ- 
ers got caught up in the tangles 
of resistance. Cocteau spent 
the war in Paris, being him- 
self. Maurois, de Montherlant 
and others got away from 
France; Mairaux and .the 
young Camus fought, and 
lived to tell the tale. Beckett, 
Irish and therefore neutral, 
was on the edge ofSOFs feted 
‘Prosper' network, knew how 
to bold his tongue, and so 
survived; he was not yet 
prominent Nor was the young 
Marguerite Duns, born in 
Indo-China. schooled in Sai- 
gon. a recent recruit to the 
French civil service. Bureau- 
cracy she soon gave up, to 
become a mother and a writer 
but (he child was bona dead, 
and with her husband she 
went into resistance. 


MJRJD. Foot 


LADOULEUR 
By Mareserite Doras 

Collins. £8.95 


The Germans caught Mm 
She describes what it felt like 
to try to get a single parcel 
through to him; to be courted 
by the Gestapo agent who had 
taken him; to sit with this man 
in a black market restaurant, 
-drinking and talking too 
much, while he was identified 
by her comrades; how she 
could show polite ignorance of 
a photograph of the head of 
her network, now president of 
the republic. She discovered 
the Gestapo man’s real ambi- 
tion, to be an art historian; or 
failing that, to collect modern 
French first editions. She ex- 
. plains how, under the influ- 
ence of fright, physical balance 
and vision go awry. 

Much worse, she recounts 
what it was like in April 1945, 
when Nazi Germany writhed 
in its death agonies and 
wraiths started coming back 
from the camps : none of 
whom had heard of her man at 
alL To realise what the Nazi's 
camps had been like was 
suddenly to discover how 
appalling man (and woman) 
ran be to man. She found 


herself in charge of an an but 
unrecognisable monster that 
had not quite died in Dachau; 
for weeks, even its turds smelt 
inhuman. 

She presents the content of 
the previous paragraph in 
diary form, from a document 
she recognises as being in her 
own handwriting, laid by and 
forgotten in a remote country 
house. She is wholly unable to 
recall when she wrote it;, yet, 
rediscovering it, “I found 
myself confronted with a tre- 
mendous chaos of thought 
and feeling that 1 couldn't 
bring myself to tamper with, 
and beside which literature 
was something of which 1 felt 
ashamed.” 

In a further section of the 
book, less appallingly vivid 
but still glistening with sharp 
recollections, she describes 
Paris a few days after the allied 
armies liberated it; the streets, 
so long almost empty of 
traffic, thronged with resisters 
in cars bristling with weapons, 
driving wherever they chose — 
for the police, having triggered 
off the rising, were on holiday; 
the depots full of frightened 
collaborators under arrest, in 
the charge of boastful boys. 
Here she drops the first person 
and calls herself ThSrtse; her 
reporting is still crystal-dear. 
Frenzy, rage and nastiness are 
memorably wefl described. 


We liked it 
so much that we 
bought you one! 


i . a book one turns to with constant pleasure . 



with much style and little prejudice 

7 IS April 26 1985 ' 

The Times LiteraiySupplement is the world’s pre-eminent 
literary weekly. It reviews over two and a half thousand books 
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7 






THE TIMES THURSDAY AUGUST 21 1986 



THE TIMES 
DIARY 


Camalby 

Street 


■Still no signs Ant the .BBC isatout 
10-tom its back on the permissive 
society. Radio Four is 'inviting 
youngsters ■ "uninhibited ■ about 
sex" 10 discuss it . “freely and 
coherently, without embarrass- 
ment’- for- a-series next year. 
Twentieth CemurySex is inter- 
viewing- people aged between 16 
and 80 about attitudes to -among 
other .things .-censorship and 
sexual'. ■ deviance. Mary 
Whitehouse, president of the Na- 
tional ..Viewers, and Listeners 
Association, teUs me she has 
doubts about asking .16-year-crfds 
to talk uniithibitedly. "Many of 
them are still in the throes of 
discovering what sex is till about," 
she tells me. “That's not to say I 
don't. think the programme would 

be useful. It depends entirely on 
how it's handled ..." 


Top ten 

Jim f'altnghan and Lord Wilson of 
Rievaulx ' have • autographed a 
book called Number 10 Downing 
Street; The Story of a House. 
Nothing unusual so far, except 
that <it will - be raffled and the 


proceeds given to, of all people, 
the Yorkshire -Young Conser- 


the Yorkshire " Young Conser- 
vatives. The book, by Christopher 
Jones, has been signed by all living 
formerprime ministers, beginning 
with Lord Stockton, and Andrew 
Senior, chairman -of the Yorkshire 
branch, .claims that it is unlikely 
there will be another book -quite 
like it. Who am I to demur? I 
gather Wilson -agreed because of 
the Yorkshire connection, while 
<>»agh»n, though ' characteris- 
tically acquiescent, did at least 
voice the hope that it' would* not 
raise- too- much money for the 
Tories.. : 


BARRY FANTONI 




000 

D 


‘No more for me, old boy, Fm 
mowing the. lawn 


Spanish fee . . - 


The La Manga Cub, a luxury 
resort, in Spain owned by Euro- 
pean Ferries, was so keen to 
promote itself that earlier this 
summer it chartered an airliner to 
fly 85 journalists over for the day. 
After much drinking and eating 
the Manga tourism director an- 
nounced that the writer of the best 
article on the region and the resort 
would win £2,500— -a sum that 
easily beat -the British. Press 
Awards' fop prize of £1,000. La 
Manga’s marketing director. 
Graeme Grant, was quick todeny 
any -suggestion of a. bribe: “If a 
journalist wants to say nasty 
things about something, be will." 
But he admitted that he would not 
offer “that sort of inducement” 
himself. However, despite- the 
' generosity of the offer, be has not 
yet received a single entry. 


* •No' wonder Bob GeWof gets 
J“; such a royal welcome on his trips 

• -to Africa. Many Africans, I am 


told, believe be is Princess Anne's 
brother. 


r. Well read 


Suggestions for appropriate read- 
ing matter for politicians have 
flooded in since my paragraph on 
Monday. They include: Edward 
Heath. Bleak Houser Tony Bran, 
The Wasteland , ; Cedi Parkinson, 
Great Expectations; Ken -Living- 
stone. Gone with the Wind. Ian 
MacGregor,- King ' Solomon 's 
Mines, Arthur Scargill, Eastern 
Approaches, Brian Sedgemore, 
Much Ado About' Nothing; David 
Sled and David . Owen, The 
Rivals. David Owen, Doctor in the 
House, Leon Briuan, Paradise 
Lost. Nigel Lawson, Hard Times, 
Eric Hener, Pride and Prejudice; 
Francis Pym, The .Taming of the 
Shrew \ Barbara Castle, Love's 
Labour's . Lost; Neil Kinnock, 
Things to Come; Michael Hea- 
dline, Lord Homblower. 


- Cossack stance 


If Harold Macmillan was a war 
criminal, as foe young right, would 
“ have ns bdieve; what of Winston 
- CtaurcfriU? Volume VII of Martin 
?;■ Gilbert's biography,; due .out urn 
— month, records scant sympathy on 
part -for iheCossacks. 
•* During foe. Yalta ..conference 
r ' which decided their fete, Churchill 
2? had 'read to him a Foreign Office 
-- minute-on- the -a gre ement that 
** <! Soviet citizens, captured while 
serving in the .German ranks 
should be repatriated, "iaigree. but 
what has happended.to.the For- 
eigp Office typewriter?" .was 
GiurchflTs only comment Later 
that day, February 10 1945, 
Churchill told -Stalin of the 
_ embarrassment caused by the 
laige numbers -of Russian pris- 
oners in the West, and asked 
Stalin- wfaat he wanted done with 
^ them. He went on to say that the 
* ■ Allies, were axixious that they be 
hm repatriated* and the only difficulty 
arose from a lack of shipping 
space: There the matter ended. 

PHS 


After almost nine months of 
silence, the Australian govern- 
ment is about to give its response 
to the Royal Commission report 
on- the British - nudear -tests in 
Australia in-foe -f-95Qsl Aborigines 
affected by the testsare. expected 
. to be' offered compensation, and 
there could ‘ be fir-reaching im- 
plications for British and Austra- 
lia servicemen' who claim their 
health has suffered over the pad 
30. years. A'.porentially explosive 
- row with Britain is in-foe offing. 
.Bob. Hawke's ’Labor govern- 
ment set tip the Royal Commis- 
sion two-years ago after growing 
protests from aborigines and ex- 
servicemen'. who • claimed .- that 
radioactive . fiU-out -from foe 12 
British Bombs tested in central 
and Western Australia between 
1952- and .1957 had caused an 
abnormally high cate -of cancer 
rad other fflnesses among their 
ranks: ... 

- British ; officials were annoyed 


Robert MUUken on Britain’s reluctance 
to contribute further to clearing 
the 1950s 9 nudear test sites in Australia 


Maralinga: 
countdown to a 
new fall-out 


by foe apparently anti-British 
tenor of the Royal Commission, 
represented by its tough, straight- 
talking president. Judge James 
McClelland. His report’s recom- 
mendation that Britain should 
bear foe entire cost of any future 
dean-up at the three test riles — 
Maralinga, 'Emu Field and foe 
Monte Bello islands - pleased 
them even less. But that is where 
foe focus of attention has now 

* The Royal Commission heard 
evidence that three places at 
Ma raling a are badly conta m i n ated 
with plutonium lying , on foe 
ground or : buried just below .the 
surface. At one of these rites, 
Taranaki, foe Australian Radi- 
ation Laboratory, using the most 
up-to-date monitoring equipment, 
discovered IS months ago that as 
many as 200,000 - tiny metal 
fragments - contaminated with 
plutonium are scattered in a series 
of “hot spots”. 

- These are the- result not of the 
main nuclear bomb; trials, but of a 
series of so-called “minor trials", 
designed to test the behaviour of 
nuclear weapons in accidents, 
which took, place amid great 
secrecy between 1959 and 1963. 
The Royal Commission's report 
recommended that the Australian 
government should compensate 
foe aborigines evicted from 
Maralinga, who. now want to 
return, .and Britain should dean 
up foe mess. 

Both London and Canberra 
initially rejected the Royal 
Commission's suggestion that a 
body called the Maralinga Comm- 
ission, with British and Australian 
government and aboriginal repre- 
sentatives, should be set up to 
oversee the whole business. ■ In- 
stead,- Hawke's government opted 
for a more informal consultative 
group drawn from the state gov- 



responsi billies in agreements 
signed by the two countries is 
1968 and 1979. Hawke's govern- 
ment has adopted the McClelland 
argument that those agreements 
related to earlier clean-ups which 
were manifestly inadequate in the 
light of the knowledge that has 
since become available and that 
Britain has a financial and moral 
responsibility to pay. Senator 
Evans' made this clear in his first 
post-Royal Commission talks 
with British officials in London 
earlier this year. 

Clearly, both governments - 
cost conscious in the extreme, in 
Spite of their different political 
colours— have become alarmed at 
foe scale of foe money involved: a 
hastily prepared report last year by 
foe Australian Atomic Energy 
Commission gave a top estimate 
of £GL5 million for extracting the 
plutonium from the soil and 
rendering the range fit for un- 
restricted habitation. 

For Britain, there is also the 
wider question of meeting 
co m pensation claims from among 
the 20,000 British servicemen who 
took part in the tests in Australia 
and foe Pacific. If the government 
were to agree to Australia's request 
on survey and dean-up costs, it 
could undermine its case that 
everything was conducted strictly 
according to safety procedures at 
the time— and. by extension, open 


up a flood of litigation. 

That is why Whitehall will pay 
dose attention to Senator Evans's 
forthcoming statement, os. foe 
fayue of compensation dairos by 
Australian ex-servicemen. 
McClelland recommended that 
Australia's legislation pn 
compensation for government 
employees be extended to cover 
not only the armed forces but 
civ ilian* and aborigines who may 
have been exposed to fall-out. The 
Hawke government, even in its 
new austere mood, would find this 
difficult to ignore. 

Since foe Royal Commission's 
report nine months ago there has 
bran Chernobyl and a wider 
public alarm over questions of 
nuclear fill-out and debris. The 
lingering stain of Maralinga will 
not simply go away. The Austra- 
lian government finally appears to 
have recognized this by putting in 
train foe measures announced this 
week — protracted, costly and 
bureaucratic as the saga has 
become. But there is also a distinct 
dement of bluff calling. After so 
many inquiries and reports, it 
would be a tragedy if both 
countries seized upon foe ultimate 
delaying tactics of blaming each 
other as an excuse for doing 
nothing. 

Robert Milliken's book on the 
nuclear test controversy. No Con- 
ceivable Injury, is published by 
Penguin (£3.95). 


Maralinga, 1956; a doud again casting a shadow 
over British- Australian relations 


emments of South Australia and 
Western Australia, foe federal 
government in Canberra and the 
aborigines. It has met twice this 
year, although its precise function 
— apart from a public relations 
exercise by Canberra — remains 
unclear. 

Australia also created a* body 
called the technical assessment 
group, comprising scientists from 
Britain, Australia and the US, to 
consider how to clean up the sites. 
In May it recommended a series of 
studies designed - to determine the 
exact extent of foe contamination 
hazards and die costs of removing 
them. 

The ‘Australians have now de- 
cided to go ahead with several of 
these recommended studies. Sen- - 
ator Gareth Evans, the Aust ralian 
Minister for Resources, an- 
nounced on Tuesday that the 
studies would take two years and 
cost SA3.4 million (£1.4 million) 


— leaving aside any ultimate cost 
of foe dean-up itself. Australia has 
budgetted SA1 million (£420,000) 
for foe first year, and has asked 
Britain to show good fifth by 
putting up the same amount. 
Britain will also be asked to pay 
half the cost of the second year's 
study - SA700,000 (£291,000). 

Initial indications from British 
officials are that Whitehall is 
unlikely to agree. Hie Australians, 
however, will continue to press for 
a British contribution when Sen- 
ator Evans visits London in 
October to argue his government’s 
case. 

Implicit in all this is that both 
Britain rad Australia have agreed 
to put aside for the time being 
their opposed stands on foe 
question of ultimate liability for 
cleaning up the sites. Mrs 
Thatcher’s government steadfastly 
main tain s that Australia dis- 
charged Britain from any further 


Bernard Levin: the way we live now 


Paula Ybwan* 


Clansewjtz’s celebrated maxim, 
“Sport is the continuation of war 
by other means", is particularly 
timely at foe moment. The hooli- 
gan season started with a surpris- 
■ ingly - successful away fixture 
against Amsterdam by the lads, 
with more glass brbken than on 
any . other occasion : since 
Krystallnacht, the Commonwealth 
Games, so recently concluded 
among virtually universal ex- 
pressions of international -ill-will, 
are said to be £3.-5 million in the 
red; Pakistani cricketers are now 
regularly treated, at any rate when 
playing at • Worcester, to racial, 
abuse in -more than ample quanti- 
ties; and Mr John McEnroe,- to 
mark his return to first-das effing 
-and blinding, o u ts wore hfa-bppo- 
nent in straight sets. With, any 
luck, the Kasparov-Karpbv match- . . 
wfll-end m murder. 

• Along with foe reranraGp of rite 
problems there goes- foe even 
greater menace of foe solutions. 
Some say-foat all drink should be 
. banned at foe finals of the Home 
Counties Ladies Croquet Champ- 
ionship; others that McEnroe 
should ,be painted black and sent 
to South Africa; many call for Mr 
Robert Maxwell to.be birqhed; and 
ail- reasonable men insist that foe 
governing, body of international 
chess (which appears to be a dog, 
called Fido) should seek agree- 
meat on foe banning of bouncers. 

■ I haye a different theory, rad a . 
different proposal. The evidence 
for the theory is afl- around us; 
sport generates nothing -but mu- 
tual hatred, at-every IcveL Mr 
Witherspoon .and Mr .Bruno not 
long ago strove mightily, to bash 
each other’s brains out, and- Mr 
Witherspoon * bashed the . more 
successfully, .tort at • least -they 
could argue that that is what 
boxers are supposed to do. What 
about foe-rest of sport? 

The rest of sport has the 
bashing, but not the' excuse. The 
tinte &fr*aired runt so memo- 

raWy captured in foe pictures of 

foe: Amsterdam encounter,- with 
his mouth open in a snarl and his 
hands , raised in defiance (has he 
got a mother, and if.so what has 
she got to say for herself?) is about 
as nasty a product of sport as sort 
could -produce; but was the look 
on his face any nastier than that of 
foe American woman runner who 
tripped over Zola Budd' (how 
there’s an innocent child who 
ought ant to be exposed to spoil) 
m. foe Los -Angles Olympics, 
reacting to the realization that she 
had tost with a contorted spasm of 
rageandhatted? 

Footballers swear and brandish 
their fists at one another, though 
emrthat is much to be preferred 
to their kissing and cuddling; 
cricketers waddle _to the crease 
encased from head to . foot in 
armour, ready to ; face bowlers 
-intent, upon doing them grievous 
bodily harm; every . international 
gathering of sportsmen generates 
enough mutual acrimony to start 
the .Third .World War a dozen 
times over, what with boycotts, 

! walkouts, drug4aking -and accusa- 
tions (fully, justified for the most 
j part) of cheating; hundreds of 
thousands of pounds in prize 
money is amassed by people who 
could scarcely.be trusted with foe 
contents of a piggy-bank; the 
national and international sport- 
ing authorities have abandoned 
their responsibilities; the players 



Wiring away 


rad the spectators chase each 
other down an infinite, spiral of 
degeneracy; and Britain — Britain ! 

— has .a Minister of Sport, and 
when be gets up to make a speech, 
foe audience doesn't even laugh, 
let alone take him to the nearest 
pond and duck' him .till be howls 
fonuercy. 

It is pointless, to ask bow this 
state of affairs came abouL The 
widespread increase in mutual 
hatred and' tension between coun- . 
tries thatany multi-national sport- . 
ing event involves has been going 
onfora very longtime; foe present 
behaviour of performers and audi- 
ences alike is more recent; but foe 
springs of such conduct .cannot . 
iuw be traced, even if they ever 
could; We are stuck with what we 
have got; what are we going to do 
about it? 

.1 have two suggestions to mate; 
one ideal and one practical The. 
ideal solution is to abolish sport 
altogether. (The halfway solution 
is to abolish it except on tele- 
vision, but that would lead only to 
people breaking into each other's 
bouses and smashing the fltrniture 

— if they are going to have a 
simulacrum. Of on-field violence, 
they might as well have a smu- 
lacrum of off-field .hooliganism to 
go with .it.) The legislation re- 
quired .would be fiuiy simple; it 
would order the closure of all 
outdoor sprats venues throughout 
foe country.' Football pitches, 
tarns courts, cricket Adds, athlet- 
ics trades — ' let them all be 

jbwmnocems will suffer' with foe 
mass of foe guilty, but tbafapplies 
to a great deal of legislation, and 
ifensitoe people will understand 
that it could not be avoided, (The 
pools could continue; foe Panel 
would just rake over completely.) 


A great peace would desoend upon 
' foe land, magistrates courts and 
hospital emergency departments 
would empty, our international 
relations would improve, and the 
hooligans, deprived oflhc raison 
d'etre, of their, violence, would 
wither away. And of course we 
could rid ourselves at once of the 
Ministry of Sport . 

Very well, it cannot be done; no 
government would dare to suggest 
.it and . even . if one did, the . 
proposal would meet with such 
opposition, and not only from the 
- hooligans and prizewinners, that it 
would be -dropped immediately. 
Bui there is another solution, 
simpler by far and likewise far 
mote acceptable. Let us go back to 
the Olympic Games - that is, not 
foe modern ones, which are 
among the greatest culprits among 
sporting horrors, but foe original 
Games, which began in 776BG 
And let us take one fundamental 
principle that was at the heart of 
the Games in; foe ancient world, 
and adopt it pot just for foe 
modern Olympics but for- all 
: sporting fixtures, and not only for 
foe sportsmen, but the spectators 
also. In the ancient Games, all 
.competitors, in all events, were 
naked. 

Autres temps, aiafes moeurs, 
nobody then thought the idea 
strange, let alone ludicrous.- The 
great advantage today is that 
everybody would think it both 
strange and ludicrous, so much so, 
indeed, that it would solve the 
.twin problem, of bad behaviour 
on the field and bad behaviour in 
the stands. For nobody today 
could do violence while wearing 
no clothes: the self-consciousness 
it would generate would tame the 
crowds and the players at once and 
completely. 


Shut your eyas and envisage a 
naked skinhead; not a pretty sight, 
certainly, but one from which the 
menace has drained away. Keep 
them shut and imagine McEnroe 
throwing a tantrum; impossible — 
nothing but laughter would greet 
h. Still in foe dark, conjure up a 
disgruntled athlete making a rude 
gesture on foe. podium; it would, 
to say the least, fail in -its effect 
You may think lam jolting but I 
am sot If the Olympics of aki, 
with an their ootoe ideals, and - 
with toe capacity of truly increas- 
ing harmony among the- compet- 
ing nations (foe athletes of 
countries at war. with Greece 
travelled to the Games and com- 
peted in perfect safetyX could 
adopt nudity for the garb of every 
competitor, we could -adopt it 
ourselves, and by extending it to 
the spectators, go one better than 
Hellas. True, we would be doing it 
to solve an ugfy rad pressing 
problem, not to demonstratethe 
purity of our concern of sports- 
manship. But since we do have the 
problem, we must seek-a solution 
where we may find ft. • 


, Very welfc my practical proposal 
is, as unpractical as my ideal, and 
this one could no more ■ be. 
implemented than the other. I 
admit it; I put forward -both 
proposals in foe knowledge that 
they would both be entirely out- ' 
side any possible real action. And I 
did so in order that, foe ground 
being cleared of my . landfill 
nostrums, I could crane at last to 
my genuine one.' It is that, since- 
nobody understands what causes 
violence on foe sports fields or 
among foe spectators, rad nobody 
has any notion of what to do about 
either kind, -let alone both, .and 
nobody believes (quite rightly) 
that any of foe measures taken or . 
mooted by the government orthe 
sporting authorities win have foe 
slightest effect, and nobody knows 
the name of the Minister of Sport, • 
and nobody cares what hooligans 
or' footballers do to one another 
anyway, we should .all. shut up 
abom it, now rad permanently; 


And since I can hardly mate such 
a s ugges tion, without adopting it 
myself I shall- now adopt ft; and 
that is my very fast word rat foe 
subject. ' •' 

© TIbmc Ha — p ipm , IMS.' ‘ 


Antony Flew 

Darker shades 


“I want to be a man on the same 
basis and level as any white citizen 
- r want ro be as freras the whitest 

citizen. 1 want to exercise, and in- 
fill], the same rights as the white 
American. 1 want to be eligible for 
employment exclusively on foe 
basis of my skills and employable 
ity. and for housing soteto on my 
capacity to pay. I want to have foe 
same privileges, the same treat* 
ment in public places as every 
other person." 

So spoke Dr Ralph Bunch* He 
was the first black American to 
sen- c as. among other things, US 
permanent representative at the 
UN. His manifesto can show us 
what racism is and why ft is 
wrong: the ityuriice consists in 
treating differently. Ifeace un- 
equally. people who are them- 
selves in all relevant respects foe 
same. Given this straightforward 
definition of the word, the nature 
of foe condition, is plain. Fre- 
quently, however, the word is 
abused, either in accordance with 
different definitions or without 
any explanation at afl. 

Had anyone turned for guidance 
as to meaning to foe Penguin 
Education Special, Race. Qtiture 
and Intelligence, they would have 
found in its introduction the 
statement: “In pfenning this book 
we have attempted to step back 
from the debate itself and look at 
foe concepts which underlie ft. 
This involves a dose examination 
of the key ideas — intelligence, 
race, heredity, environment . . .** 
But whatever their intentions, and 
although they do deploy a deal of 
rasping polemic against what they 
choose to pillory as racists and 
racism, neither of the ram editors, 
nor any of the contributors, makes 
any attempt either to define that 
key word or to disentangle foe 
notion of race from that of culture. 

Their understanding seems to 
be that foe racist believes there to 
be some average differences be- 
tween populations of different 
racial groups; differences (hat are 
occupationally relevant and which 
may be either hereditarily or 
culturally determined. Yet this 
belief would lead ' to racist 
misbehaviour only to the extent 
that the believer was also a client 


The ILEA redefinition reads 
-There are certain routine j*x- 
tices. customs and procedures in 
our- society whose consequence is 
that Wack people . have poorer 
jobs, hcahh, bousing and we- 
chances titan do foe white 
majority . . . These practices and 
custotm are maintained by rela- 
tions and structures of power, and 
ate justified by ccmunes-okJ be- 
liefs and attitudes which hold that 
•black people are cwentraBy in- 


ferior to white people - bioloB- 
enllv. or culturaHv.- or bOUL 


cally, or culturally, dr bow. 
‘Racism* is a shorthand term for 


this combination of ; discrimi- 
natory practices, unequal relations 

and structures * of power, and 

• " 


negative bdieft and attitudes-" 
This revolutionary redefinition 
has. and is intended to have, two 
scandalous implications: that rac- 
ism can be unintentional: and that 
only whites are to be condemned 
as racists. (Which would surprise 


Ugandan Asians.) The word 
“Wack" is also redefined so as to 
include ?both Afeo-Caribbean and 
Asian", -with "Afro-Ctoibbean" 
itself extended to include all those 
previously rated black. “The word 
‘black’" we are tokL “emphasizes 
the common experience which 
both Afro-Caribbean and Asian 
people have of -being victims of 
racism, and their- common 


determination, to oppose racism. 
(This second bit or -redefinition 


explains why the Asian trad mayor 
of Bradford recently puzzled tele- 


vision viewers by (fereribing him* 
self rathe first Mack toallrin such 
apotitioa.) 


Beside encouraging non-whites 
> see themselves always as. vic- 


to see foemseNes always as. vic- 
tims of exdusivdy white, racist 
oppression, -the second object of 
the exercise is fo.cbncefcl the truth 
about the highly significant dif- 
ferences in achievement between 
the fton-white groups in Britain. 
For, once foe news- about the 
extent of these differences gets out, 
it becomes difficult to pretend that 
lack of success of any non-white 
group is attributable to racism. 

The .troth is. tbfci such very 
different trad; records — tike the 


of the grotesque fallacy that he 
could deduce conclusions about 


individual members of a group 
from propositions stating only the 
average characteristics of the 
group. It is obvious that any 
member of the group may be the 
odd one out, or a member of a 
minority above or below foe 
group's average. 

Now we have another ruinous 
redeftnitiion. This is much more 
explicit than foe first, and. is 
growing ever more influential It 
is. for instance, the definition 
promoted by foe Inner London. 
Education Authority (the report of 
foe Swann committee -into the 
education of children in minority, 
groups recently picked out foe 
ILEA's “anti-racist policies" for 
special commendation). 


of bn migrants into |he U5A~are 
in-toe maitr to be explained by 
r ef ere nce to differences between 
(in thc broadest sense) the cultures 
of those ao-very different groups 
rather than by hostile discrimina- 
tion or their own unequal genetic 
endowments. 

It was. ctf course, precisely their 
awareness of this which lea mili- 
nm “anti-rarisT memborgofthe 
Swann committee to ban -in- 
vestigations of such cultural fac- 
tors, Anyone wishfrgro kqqwbow 
important these can be ih explain- 
ing foe vastly different records of 
mqor non-bfack ethnic groups in 
foe USA must referto the worics of 
that, fbrimdghiy i able, (black) 
America!*- economist Thomas 
Sowell. They will then discover 
why those works ait never recora- 
merufed by the race relations 
industry.. 


moreover . . . Miles Kington 


No 


a disaster 


Edinburgh fri ng e groups pray for 
three things, apart from- enough 
money to get home: a good review 
in The Scotsman, a good audience 
and, faffing, those; a good disaster 
to -ensure some .publicity.. The 
wholecastdown with Aids: ■ . foe 
scenery, lost at sea.. . the produc- 
tion condemned by fh® chinch for 
blasphemy- . .1 . foe r giraffe tin 
which the whole play depends 
suddenly struck down .far a stiff 
-neck — I have seen stories like 
all of these used as > last ditch 
attempt to .get a mention in -the 
newspapere!:. V. T . 

Last year a. Spanish . group 
without the necessary permits was' 
held in custody ait Plymouth, and 
released only on the day of tbeir 
last performance uT Edinburgh; 
consequently they arrived just, in 
time to dose instead of open. 
Now, that's; foe .sort of disaster 
that nobody needs, because you ’ 
can’t capitalize em it. 

. A few years eather a production 
somewhere' in Leith attracted an 
audience of only one -tin foe first 
night, and . he was a . critic.. He - 
rather- liked, the show arid came 
back on tte secondnight, this time 
bringing his dog.. They were still 
the . only spectators. A fringe 
company at -that point has the 
option of putting out a good news 
stray (audience; doubling ^ every 
night!) or a bad hrek story (Critic's 
dog loves show — may come bade 
again) and if you have any sense at 
all, you will always put out foe bad 
luck stray. . 

■ , . Eveolif you hmte a success it’s 
quite wise to put out a bad luck 
story. This year one of the notable 
sights oil the Edinburgh skyline fa : 

- an- inflatable National Gallery 
made from vfoite plastic on top of 
foe real Gallery, made from 
blackened granite. (It’s silly and 
very effective,, especially when 
• you Ye driving or walking up the 
exit road from Waverfey Station, 
where . it’s' the only- thing i& 
Edinburgh you Can see).' A success, 
aad-yet there have been stories in ; 
foe newspapers of how this struc- 
ture, on its wayhere from Califor- 
nia, -was- lost at Heathrow, 
diverted to Dubfin; redirected to 
Gatwick, very nearly .lost . . . 
Now, how' did those storages in 
foepapei? If the artist, or someone 
near here, didirt , fix it hersolfi then 
Pm a Polish mime artist doing 
Hamlet . . . : 

:This year 1. have come across 
something quite ■ extraordinary, a 
disaster stray without a - fringe 
group’ —indeed; a disaster story 


* foe which any fringe-group would 
rive its eye-teeth. Andrew Whit- 
fiekfnmS a rather nice art gallery, 
. foe Carlton Gallery, on Royal 
Terrace, which puts on a- special 
show each FestivaL Hurrying 
home front a holiday in Portugal 
to get foe show gomg. be. found all 
ins' warm clothes diverted by a 
friendly- ratline; had to resort to 
skimpy- .non-Edmbuzgh clothes 
and caught a cold. This cold 
caused himio sneeze (we're nearly 
there now), foe*, sneeze caused a 
. nose bleed andnis nose refused to 


He , was nfahed to hospital, 
where be lost more than four pints 
ofbfood in & wefek and had to have 
. ah emergency operation. He got 
out ofbospataj just in time to open 
the, show, then-had a burst nose all 
over again , -and once more is in 
bospitaL. sittmg .bolt upright so 
that all . foe , blood smks to foe 
lower half of his' body. It’s foe 
biggest nosebleed of the season, 
or of any season, and the poor 
"man doesn't even have a fringe 
group to help it with. 3 • 

- : Thera is the gallery, of course, 
bmeven there thmgs can backfire. 
A man from the Su/idav Pnsr came 
along to tire opening. of foe show, 
beard with fascination of foe nose- 
bleed and decided to write it up. It 
appeared at seat length, with 
many factual errors, on the medi- 
eal page, wiitmut e.VenL mentioning 
foat the suffering Mr Whitfield 
had an art gallery - indeed, you 
w&uld not have guessed from the 
piece '.that he .had ever seen a 
panting, pr done anything in his 
Jdfeexcept have surgeons stuff cold 


I think In future these things wifi 
fo be better co-ordinated. 
Fnnge groups need disaster sto- 
nes, but can’t, always get them. 
Disasters sometimes need frince 
gOto&Why foxsnY the Fringe 
Prea <MBoe set up a efearfaE 
house whan fringe groups and 
*et together? (You 
* gbod disaster story -~thev 
need one - so you simply net 
together with ypur nose-bleed rad 

to» fi ^rfe5 andrcD! ’ ,o “ t - 
Meanwhile, ft. musn't be form- 
too. that some fringe shows we 
fowr own disaster. .1 saw one the 

foe cast were making an.earfy exit. 




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THE TIMES THURSDAY AUGUST 21 1986 


11 



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VERIFYING PROGRESS 




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, Verification te long been a 
’ touchstone of progresijH East- . 
.. West arms control, negotia- 
tions. Sowbenthe chief Soviet 
delegate' to the Stockholm 
taJk^coq ceded the possibility 
' cfobligatoryon-sue inspec- 
tion Of manoeuvres, as he did 
odThttday, ft was a seductive 
propositrotL Equally seductive 

; was - its presentation as the 
result of. a high-level policy 
: review in the Kremlin. There 
hadtobesometifing m it 
Bot nis import^t to drstnPT ■ 
guishwbat wagm jt from what : 
™ .was not On-site inspection 
has been recognizaf:; by all 
.Western negotiators as a uec- .. 
•. ; essary-element of verification. 

For Soviet spokesmen td start 
_ talking about; on-site inspec- 
•'tienvas they .have in recent 
months, js a welcome change 
- of heart. The Soviet delegate's 
formal acceptance of the prin- 
; ciple in Stockholm this week is 
official confirmation of that 
' change and : represents a 
considerable achievement for 
’^Jthe patient diplomacy of the 
. Western delegates. ' 

Beyond the concession of 
the. principle, however,, much 
has' yet -to-vbe clarified. The 
Helsinki agreement of 1975 
provided for voluntary on-site 
/inspection of manoeuvres by 
. . bbserversirom either side. But 
.these arrangements have not 
•' been sattsfatrtory. The activ- 
. ities of the: observers were - 
■ : subject to the approval of 
those organizing the manoeu- 

-~n in /Vies - : and strictly circum- 

scribed. They were also 
confined, to manoeuvres 
involring . more than 25,000 « 
xneit.> the level above which, .. 
under the Helsinki agreement,' 
manoeuvres have to be* re- • 

. ' ported' to the other ride: ■£ ;• . 


, . ' . Now, tiie . Soviet Union is 
allowing the possibility of 
obligatory on-site inspection 
of manoeuvres. It will be 
hoped that this concession will 
lead to the establishment of a 
formal framework for inspec- 
tion, with provision for either 
side to inspect by challenge. 
The observers would then be 
able to see more of what they 
would like to - see on the 
groupd, rather titan being di- 
rected to particular (periiaps 
peripheral) ■ vantage / points 
where they ; gain . no . overall . 
conception of the nature pr 
purpose of the exercise. Unless 
this . principle is established, 
the effect of the Soviet con- 
cession will be minimaL 
.. In its initial form, the Soviet 
proposal would grant only one 
or two obligatory inspections a 
year. That could mean one or 
two per alliance (which would' 
be too few), or one or two per 
participating country. In the 
latter case, there would have to 
be provision for at least one of 
the observers to represent the 
other aUiance. Otherwise there 
.would be notiiing to prevent 
Warsaw, .ftet manoeuvres be- : • 
ing subject to on-site inspec- 
tion by Warsaw Pact observers 
while still complying with the 
agreement 

But even if the Soviet con- 
cession is seen in the most 
optimistic light posable, it is 
still only one of a number of 
elements in the bargaining 
now underway in Stockholm. 
And its effect will: be limited 
unless progress is made in 
other areas. Particularly- de- 
sirable would be a significant 
lowering of. the: threshhold 
above which military manoeu- 
vres are notifiable (and there- . 
fore open to inspectioii by the. 


other side), for the Warsaw 
Pact conducts many smaller 
exercises than Naio does. 

The import of Moscow's 
concession on on-site inspec- 
tion. is also restricted by the 
very nature of the Stockholm 
forum. The inelegantly des- 
ignated Conference on Con- 
fidence-and-Security-Building 
Measures and Disarmament in 
Europe was conceived as part 
of the Helsinki process, a 
counterpart to the follow-up 
conferences on human con- 
tacts and support for. existing 
aims control talks; Stockholm 
was seen as a place where the 
numerical exactitudes and 
technical specificities of Vi- 
enna and Geneva could he set 
aside for the sake of improving 
the Easi-West atmosphere. 

But it is at Vienna and 
Geneva and not at Stockholm, 
that the practical decisions on 
arms control will be taken. 
And on-site inspection, while 
welcome, is more usually — 
and more crucially — asso- 
ciated with verification of 
arms control measures than 
manoeuvres. And here ade- 
quateVerification is essential if 
mutually agreed arms reduc- 
tions are not to result in 
mutual recriminations. . 

If. Moscow's latest con- 
cession to verification is a step 
towards reciprocal on-site 
inspection of weapons' storage 
and launch facilities, it is a 
harbinger of red progress in 
arms control and in East- West 
relations generally. But if ft is 
designed simply to save the 
Stockholm Conference from 
closing without agreement — a 
conclusion the West ^wouid 
find more tolerable than Mos- 
cow ^ then no breakthrough 
is yet In sight 


THE QUOTA MOUNTAIN 


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. .Utere' were typical summer 
scenes in Brittany on Tuesday 
. night Riot police used teaigas 
• tb -fight demonstrators ' who 
threw paving stones at them 
and. attacked government of- 
ftces. The demonstrators were 
..formers, engaged in their, tra- v 
-ditionaJ rituatcof -blockading : 
•' arid urban matturd^pre aS ng.^ 
.' In this f case, they were*, 
protesting at an estimated £35 . 
' million of Embpeari- Cbininu- ' 
^ nftyJeyjes.bang_inip6sed.oiL.. 
French formers,' ipainly from . 
ther North-West, who had ex- 
ceeded: The milk production 
quotas imposed under the 
Common Agricultural Policy, 
British formers would have 
little fellow feeling. They weft- 
annoyed at having to suffer the 
3 per cent huofo reductions,” 
introduced in 1984, -when. 
Britain. is .not seJ^suffident 
overalL'Td find the aggresssrve 
- : French, as well as German and . 
DUtcb formers, breaching their 
quotas, adds insult to injury. 
Thanks- to fast year's poor 
/summer, and shifting quotas, 
between : regions, Britain was 
able to keep marginally above 
its own .1 985-86 milk quota — 

. only Greece and Italy stayed ' 
iwitiiin the rules. But.even.the 
orderly British appear to be 
-busring the limit this year.; 
..largely, because of this 
overproduction .of. milk, of-: 
^ficfol iuidpran: Community ‘ 

> stqdcs: of butter — the butter" 
mountain — reached a new 
record height of more than 1.3 - 
million tonnes last month. The 
mountain is stffl growing fost 
despite; desperate measures to - 


sell butter che^> without spoil- 
ing the market. It is even bang 
fed to calves. 

So quotas, first thought of as 
temporary; are likely to have 
to be cut further despite an- 
other EEC scheme to buy 
...quotas... from former* and 
extinguish . foam That is 
scheduled to cut 1 output by a 
• further 3'per cent The present 
imbalance of supply and de- 
‘ tnand is bi^er than that and 
_■ the EECs usual efforts to fdl' 
its surpluses cut-price- on the 
world market are coming up 
against more aggressive com- 
petition from other countries. 

- Mr Michael Jopling, the 
Agriculture Secretary, has be- 
come unpopular wfth British 
formers over the quota regime. 
It is hard" to fed too sympa- 
. foetic. Mrs Thatcher had the 
leverage via foe Community 
budget to force genuine 
changes in the CAP, but she 
was persuaded to bargain it 
away for a special British ' 
budget . deal and thus to go 
down the quota road. 

Reacting to the failure of 
’ one regime that had distorted 
markets by adding another 
policy that interferes even 
more, inevitably leads to such 
nonsenses. In a world of 

bizarre and Increasing- agri- 
cultural protection, the dairy 
industry, along .with beef and 
sugar; is one of the 'most - 
protected and distorted of all. ' 

The effective response by ' 
dairy formers to incentives 
increased milk yidds and cut 
costs through the Seventies, 
but prices of dairy products 


rose. As a result, demand for 
butter in particular has fofien. 
No wonder supply chronically 
exceeds demand. 

In ten years, the cost of 
supporting dairy surpluses 
rose sixfold within the Euro- 
pean. Community and almost 
r“as muefrin the United -States. 
Fanners have been enmeshed 
m an ever more complex web 
of bureaucracy and consumers 
"have been denied the benefits 
of technical progress 4nd 
greater efficiency. 

. Nor- has much of the 
continuing benefit gone to 
those who farm. Much ofit has 
been eaten up In the price of 
. land, agricultural rents' and, 
..more recently, in mtifidal- 
values for production quotas. 

Dairy riti‘plu$& are part of a 
staggering , raisallocation of re- 
sources, worldwide. The need 
to dispose of surplus bas led 
to artificially low prices and 
fluctuations in world markets 
"and is one of the main 
‘ elements in trade tensions. It 
is to be hoped that agricultural 
^protection will feature prom- 
inently in the talks next month 
to set an . agenda for Gatt 
negotiations. But little is likely 
-.ro be done unless producing 
countries gain the will to effect 
change by adjusting prices 
r antf; if necessary, directly 
- supporting small formers who 
s u ffer: •• 

■ There is no sign of that in 
the dairy industry, where quo- 
tas are now expected to be 
permanent, along with the 
riots, legal rows, cheating and 
corruption that go with them. 


ALL OVER DOWN UNDER 


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Tiie severe economic crisis . 
i into, which Australia has sud- 

- deftly been plunged, seemingly 
to ils', great surprise, is gen-?: 

/eraily . r^arded ■ as arising', 
largely from factors beyond its : 
control And ft is true that for a 
coiiiitry : which relies on raw; - , 
materials and agricultural pro*. * 
duce for approximately four- 
■fiftiis (rf 1 its export earnings, The 
decline, fit primary product 
. pricesJn recent years.has been . 
fiufe short of disastrous. It is- 
thelnhd of shock which would 
shake the* best-conducted 
5 economy. .• 

: ThC; Austraitan economy, .. 
. howevef^does not foil into that . 
category. In a number of ways, . 
it te" long beep. ■.«/ oddity. , 
With, its heavy reliance on raw. . 

- materiafe- and. agriculture, it.^ 
hasfoe economic structure of a 

’ Third World developing coun-’. ' 
' .try; But its popufotion enjoys " 
FTrst " World living standards. . 
In recent years,; it'has. nm a 
balance of {foytnents deficit of 
tatiiv American proportions. 
-But This has been financed by 
the latest fiifoncial instruments - 
mimed on Wall Street. , 

TIkl long. foH in" . primary ' 
prices presented the Australian 
authorities: with- a.-.chaHen^e- 
They could either adapt to it* 
by opening up their protected 
economy, which would mean 


an initial foil in Iiving ; stan- 
dards. Or they could attempt 
to defeat it by maintaining 
financial and economic 
. protectionism. In foci, foe 
Labor government Treasurer, 

-• Mr Paul Keating, tried both. 
He kept industrial protection, 
■— but introduced wide-ranging; 
'financial de-reguiation. • — 

In the short term, the effect 
was to postpone the need for 
economic change. Money to 
sustain Australia's high living 
standards was borrowed from 
abroad as financial activity 
increased to a hectic pace..* 
There was a rash of corporate 
takeovers, financed by foreign 
' borrowing New financial in- 
stitutions flourished (thereare 
140 merchant banks , in a 
country.of Id million people). 
And government debt was sold ' 
to guftibk. Americans. 

- But thfo could not be^ sus- 
tained indefinitely. Australia's 
external debt rose from 10 per 
cent of gross national product 
in 1981 to 33 per ceattoday. 
Even the much-praised labour 
restraint which has helped to 
reduce real unit labour costs by 
7 per cent in the; last “three ' 
years, was inadequate when 
measured against the 30 per 
cent foil in the terms of trade. 
And this restraint was paid for 
by increases in government 


spending which required 
higher borrowing and higher 
interest rates. 

In these circumstances —the 
longer term, so to speak ~ 
■financial de-regulation forces 
change on" the real economy. 
The 1 Australian dollar has lost 
a third of its real value in the 
last three years .and Mr 
Keating had to respond to its 
accelerating foil by introducing 
Tuesday’s austerity budget 

It has been marketed as the 
most severe budget in thirty 
years and contains several 
brave decisions. But some of 
the savings are sleight-of-hand 
— delays in. tax cuts, for 
instance - and some of the 
forecasts of growth and thus 
revenue are. optimistic. Even 
with these doubtful elements, 
it projects a’budget deficit of 
AusS 3 2 billion and" inflation 
of 8 per cent 

Its chief defect, however, is 
that Australian industry re- 
tains its considerable protec- 
tion against competition, 
internally and externally. That 
is a crucial flaw over the long 
term. Unless protectionism 
and regulation are substan- 
tially dismantled. Mr Keating 
will, achieve no more than a 
temporary pause on the road, 
familiar to Europeans, of 
increasing stagflation. 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Trying to make 
MIS leakproof 

From Mr Chapman Fincher 
Sir, Details of the judgement 
handed down by the Master of the 
Rolls, Sir John Donaldson, and 
others in connection with the 
attempt by Mr Peter Wright, the 
former MI5 officer, to publish his 
memoirs (Law Report, July 26) 
have now beep made available to 
me, since ! am mentioned in it. 
The judgement, made in relation 
to .an appeal by the Observer and 
Guardian newspapers, is a severe 
restraint on all the British media 
and, srore The Tones is the 
historical record, perhaps you win 
permit me to place on that record 
a correction of an error of feet in 
Sir John’s statement. 

After agreeing that it is permis- 
sible for the media “to publish 
direct quotations of attributes to 
Mr Wright already made by Mr 
Chapman Pincher m published 
works". Sir Donald then states: 

In the case of Mr Chapman 
Pinchers published works, no one 
with authority to authorise publica- 
tion may have known of what was 
intended before n was done. 

He then argues, "if the Down 
bad moved swiftly it might have 
been able' to obtain injunctions 
preventing publication". This im- 
plication is unfounded. 

While my publishers and I took 
extreme precautions to prevent 
the security authorities from see- 
ing the script of the first relevant 
book. Thar Trade is Treachery ; in 
advance of its publication in 
March, 1981. we failed. Unknown 
to us, photocopies of the book 
were being circulated in MIS, MI 6, 
the Cabinet Office and the Prime 
Minister's Office several weeks in 
advance of publication. So the 
Crown had ample tune to obtain 
injunctions. 

Instead, after meetings of which 
I have beat given details by some 
of those present, it was decided to 
do nothing because it was agreed 
that, in the event of litigation, the 
Crown would have to make too 
many damaging admissions. Two 
days before publication the 
publishers received a letter from 
Sir Robert Armstrong assuring 
them that there was no intention 
’ of interfering with publication of 
the book in any way. 

■ The Crown's determination to 
prevent a former MIS officer from 
publishing anything about his 
secret woTk is understandable, but 
the central thrust of its legal 
argument - that MI5 must be seen 
to be "leakproof* — can be seen to 
be unrealistic. 

Yours faithfully, 

CHAPMAN PINCHER, 

Church Hpuse, 
urchStre 


16 Churcfi Street, ... 

Kintbury,- 
Newbury, Berkshire. 
August 19. 


Sanctions debate 

From Dr John Pressburger 
Sir, Mr Andrew Young (feature, 
August 14) suggests that a total 
ban on air navel to and from 
South Africa could be enforced 
immediately under article 41, 
chapter 7 of the UN Charter. 

First of all, the introductory 
article 39 of this chapter expressly 
states: 

The Security Council shall deter- 
mine the existence of any threat to 
the peace, breach of the pe a c e , or act 
of aggression and shall make recom- 
mendations. or decide what mea- 
sures shall be taken in accordance 
with articles 41 and 42 to restore 
international peace and security 
(emphasis supplied by me). 

And article 41 again starts with 
the words: “The Security Council 
may deride what measures . . 

To the best of my knowledge the. 
Security Council of the UN has 
not decided anything of the kind, 
nor is it likely tb decide anything 
of the kind, because of the veto 
powers of the USA and Great 
Britain. It is even more than 
doubtful that many other coun- 
tries will deem the unfortunate 
situation within South Africa to 
represent a threat to peace, breach - 
of the peace or act of aggression, 
despite the wishes of foe whole of 
foe international community — 
including the USA. Great Britain 
and South Africa's other friends — 
to witness genuine change in 
South Africa. 

Yours faithfully. 

JOHN PRESSBURGER, 

167 Moraingside Road, 

Edinburgh. 


Against tbe grain 

From Mr Alan SeaHe 
Sir, Although foe error (a common' 
one) does not invalidate tbe main 
argument, your first leader of 
August 11 seems to need a small 
correction. 

You write that foe agricultural 
sector of foe USSR has proved 
incapable of feeding a population 
smaller than that of foe United 
States. The 198647 issue of foe 
The Statesman’s Year-Book gives 
the population of the US as 
approximately 226 million and 
foal of tbe USSR as 276 million. 
Yours sincerely, • 

ALANSEARLE, 

67 Fitzgerald Road, EH. 


Philistines at the classroom door 


From Professor Sir Geqffrey Ebon. 
FBA 

Sir, It was good to see Shirley 
Letwjn (feature. August 14). 
demolish the fashion which puts 
foe blame for this country’s poor 
economic performance on a 
higher education which happens 
to be one of foe country's widely 
respected glories, like so many 
general convictions, this is ig- 
norant parrot talk. 

To me, differences in systems 
seem of minimal importance, 
compared with differences be- 
tween people. Education at 
schools ana universities is an 
acquired taste, not really natural 
to mankind, and everywhere those 
who never really acquire it greatly 
outnumber the rest 

The misconceptions that Mrs 
Letwin attacked arise, I think, out 
of a difference in national habits. 
Englishmen prefer to think that 
everything is wrong at home and 
perfect abroad, while most conti- 
nental Europeans tend to proclaim 
the opposite. 

However, there are things 
wrong with school education in 
Britain, and (apari from much too 
early specialization) the faults 
arise in the main from recent 
"reforms". Tbe introduction of 
the comprehensWes, itself the 
result of dubious educational the- 
ories, destroyed not only the 


mar schools but also foe 1 
schools, which quite rightly pro- 
vided foe vocational training now 
so much talked of. 

Nowadays our schools, often 
driven on by the ignorance of 
parents, tram highly skilled 


examinees but educate only by 
accident; and the universities are, 
at a grave risk,' to be made to 
follow suit. 

Nor do examinations — part of 
tire system and cocooned wjfoin ft 
- tdl us anything about foe 
consequences of such things as. 
pupil-centred teaching, foe play 
theory of education, the death of 
Latin, or premature involvement 
in economics and sociology. 

Ten years ago foe children of 
visiting American scholars always 
had considerable difficulty in 
catching up with their English 

contemporaries at school. Now- 
adays, they regularly report that: 
they are wasting their time there. 
How much longer before foe rule . 
of foe philistine wifi have foe same 
effect on our univeriatites? 

.Let us train teachers as teachers 
and not as local council employ- 
ees. This might involve abolishing 
Unionism, but it certainly might 
stan by ensuring that unions are 
ted by people who have had recent 
personal experiences of teaching. 

Let us do away with educational 
psychology. Let us reform curric- 
ula so as to produce trained minds 
rather than conditioned citizens 
willing to admire foe comprehen- 
sive system. 

Let us abolish most examina- 
tions. especially foe A level as at 
present constructed. And let us try 
to create a DES which- values 
education more highly than 
administration. 

Yours faithfully. 

GEOFFREY ELTON, 

Clare College, 

Cambridge. 

August 16. 


Study of philosophy 

From MrJ. JC Ebbutt 
Sir, Those who regard tbe en- 
forced closure of three university 
departments of philosophy as a 
disaster comparable with foe clo- 
sure of the Athenian schools by 
Justinian can take heart from Sir 
Alfred Ayer's long and senti- 
mental fetter of August 12: the 
catastrophe is not nearly so bad as 
that 

Sir Alfred did not, in his letter, . 
venture on a formal definition of 
philosophy, but indicated that to 
him (and presumably therefore to 
most of its academic exponents) 
the important parts of the subject 
were “formal logic, foe theory of 
meaning, foe theory ofknowiedge, 
foe structure of tbe natural sci- 
ences. tbe nature .of moral and 
political judgements.” 

. Plato, who was among the first 


to talk of philosophy as such, said 
that tbe philosophers were those 
who were interested in the eternal 
and foe immutable. It is evident 
that seekers after foe eternal and 
foe immutable today are not likely 
to find them in university philos- 
ophy departments^ but are going 
to look elsewhere; that somewhere 
in the interval since Plato the 
essence' of the subfect las evapo- 
rated; that foe philosophers have ' 
long been -living on the- prestige 
bequeathed to them by Plato and 
bis - sucnssois; and that foeir 
account ft now overdrawn. - 
Perhaps foe discipline should be 
given a new name more consistent 
with its diminished ambitions: 
few would mount three depart- 
ments of epistemology. 

Yours etc, 

J.K. EBBUTT, ' 

61 Faiifex Road, N8. * 

August 13. . 


Wendy Savage case 

• From Prof Emeritus H. D. Ritchie 
Sir, I am astonished at the letter 
(August 18) from Mr Harigill and 
his colleagues at The London 
Hospital and at a loss as to how ft 
should be construed. 

Are they at last holding out an 
olive branch to Mrs Savage, or is 
this yet a further attack upon her? 

Are they saying that they will- 
now work with her as a colleague 
or that they will not? 

Or is this letter a warning to tho 
inquiry being set iip by the healtir- 
aufoority to fookinto the running- 
of the department? If so, sinoc they 
will all, I am sure, have their say, 
why write to The Times before it 
even begins its work? 

Yours etc, 

H. D. RITCHIE, 

44B Gore Road, E9. 

From Mr Frederick Adelmam 
Sir, If tbe four eminent obste- 
tricians really believe that women 
have foe right to determine the 
mode of their obstetric care, then . 
what is the difference between 
their obstetric policies and those 
of Mrs Savage and why did they 
see fit to press for an enquiry into 
her professional conduct, which 
has cost foe NHS and foe taxpayer 
£250,000? 

Yours faithfully, 

FREDERICK ADELMANN, 

107 Oaxton Grove, W6. 

Close of play 

From Mr K. Stevens 
Sir, On holiday recently I experi- 
enced the following demise of 
purchases: 

I. Badminton set (£1.99) — cover- 
ing parted company with handle 
ofone bat on inaugural game. 
2.“Boules set" (£1.25) - water- 
filled interior of one ball flooded 
boot of car before play could 
commence. 

3.1nflatable boat (£27.95) - two 
punctures in as many days on 
raaniifecturer's quoted “tough - 
exterior" (perhaps the reason for 
the “four separate inflatable safety ' 
chambers”?) plus a manufacturing 
defect causing foe collapse of an 
inflatable seat on immediate con- 
tact with the first child's rear. 

Sir. may I suggest that, to match 
foe **sdl by” date of consumables, 
it would also be useful bn so-called 
durables, to have an estimated 
“expire by" date - or in some 
cares an expiry time in minutes, 
from commencement of use? 

Yours faithfully. 
fC STEVENS, 

2 Minerva Read. 

Kingston on Thames. Surrey. 


Border foray: 

From Vr^Tt D7M. Martin- ■ v 
Sir, The march of reme Ulstermen 
into the Irish Republic (report. 
August 8) has created — as I dare 
say it was meant to do — a 
situation of considerable 
embarrassment to the Northern 
Ireland Office, out of which they 
are now malting great efforts to 
wriggle. - 

The first embarassment is that a ' 
party of some 150 men, either 
unarmed -or armed only wftb 
sticks, was able to cross the border : 
at a sensitive point, and, m broad 7 - 
daylight to march past a deserted 
police station for a distance of two 
miles into -foe republic, more or 
less unchallenged. This, of course, 
makes complete nonsense of the 
claim that once foe Anglo-Irish 
agreement was signed cross-bor- 
der security would be vastly 
improved. 

Secondly, if this sort of foray 
can be made by 150 men in 
daylight from foe Ulster side, it is 
dear that any number of IRA 
terrorists recruited, trained and ' 
equipped in the republic can easily 
enter the province -by night, 
commit murder, and return with 
equal ease to foeir republican 
haven. In this context the official 
proscription of the IRA in the 
republic is nothing more than 
window-dressing. 

Yours faithfully, - 
T. D. M. MARTIN, 

Hayfield. 

Pangboume, Berkshire. 

August is: 

Drain on resources 

From Mr W. J. EUes-HiV 
Sir, Following the letters about 
stucco (August 6) and glaring bars 
(August 14) may I comment on 
draippiptt. 

I live in the Ladbroke Grove, 
preservation area Tbe Victorians- ; 
hid drainpipes behind the facade 
- (like the Georgians) or had a single 
well moulded painted lead pipe. 
But foe internal drainage, or 
drainage to foe back tsf foe houses, 
takes space needed for property 
development or foe pipes are too 
costly to replace. So foe beautiful - 
facades around here are covered in • 
black adders and spaghetti junc- 
tions — Ugh! 

Surely preservation orders 
should cover all the external 
accoutrements, including doors 
and letter boxes. 

Regards, ■■■ 
JOHNELLES-HILL.-- 
-22 Stanley Crescent.. Wil. ■ 

August 18. , 


ON THIS DAY 


AUGUST 21 1871 

Nearly 80 years before Ian 
Morrison wax describing 
Americans fighting in Korea (“On 
this Day", August 12) our 
Correspondent, US. G undry , was 
writing — at greater length than 
Morrison — about one of the many 
forays which America and other 
nations made into Korea, a 
country which, until 1882, rigufy 
excluded foreigners. 


THE AMERICANS 

IN COREA 

(From Our Own Correspondent.) 

SHANGHAI, JUNE 30. 

In my last letter I mentioned the 
arrival of foe American fleet at iu 
anchorage off the mouth of the 

Kanghoa River, and described a 
sharp engagement between a sur- 
veying expedition which was 
endeavouring to feel its way to- 
wards the capital and some Canon 
forts about ten miles from the 
entrance. It was then expected that 
Admiral Rodgers would punish this 
act of hostility directly he could 
make arrangements. He has done 
fectuaflv; but no progress I 
been thereby made towards 
treaty with Corea: on the contrary, 
the foundation has been almost 
inevitably laid of further hostilities 
on a much larger scale. 

Ten days were allowed, after the 
affair of the 1st of June, to give 
time Tor the Cbrean Government to 
apologize for the attack .on the 
surveying squadron if it wished to 
disavow the art of its subordinates, 
but no movement of tbe kind was 
made, and on the 10th of July an 
expedition started to avenge the 
insult to tbe flag. . . . The little 
fleet started at 10- a.m., the 
Monocacy leading with two of the 
steam launches, while the Palos 
towed the boats with the landing 
party, flanked by the other two 
launches. The distance to the forts 
from the anchorage was only ten 
miles, and about an hour after 
starting the leading vessels opened 
lire on tbe nearest forts. Half an 
hour later the boats cast off from 
the Palos and pulled for the shore 
Hie landing-place was -something 
[ixke that selected for bur troops in 
the unfortunate attack on foe Taku 
Ports in 1868 — a mud .flat half a 
tnile in width and two miles in 
length at low water. The fire of the 
gunboats, however, had nearly 
silenced the opposing batteries, 
and the troops were able to struggle 
through wifo-their light howitzers, 
though nearly waist-deep in mud 
and water, and to occupy the first 
fort with little resistance. The 
Monoccay [sir] - dropped up the 
river and commenced shelling the 
second fort, which was also occu- 
pied- with little, resistance. The 
guns were dragged with great 
difficuhanup the rugged heights, 
and preparations made for attack- 
ing the third ^nd strongest fort, 
over which waved the flag of the 
Coinniander-in-Chief, and which 


was evidently strongly garrisoned 
and fortified. This was the -fort 
which had fired on the squadron on 
the 1st of Juno, and its capturerwas 
the duef object of the expedition. 
Thousands of Corean troops could 
now be seen in the plain below, 
waiting for -the repulse of foe 
assailant s to tnh» .them in_tbexr 
flank and reams they wore driven 
down the hill and complete the 
destruction which it was evidently 
expected the forts would bqpn. 
The Americans, however, antici- 
pating a different result, made 
counter-preparations which at 
once protected their own flank 
from this body of troops, and cut 
off the retreat of the garrison 
across the neck of the peninsula on 
which, as I explained in my last 
letter, the forts were situated. A 
heavy fire was kept up all this while 
from the citadel; but the pieces, 
fortunately, were so bad and so 
badly served that no injury was 
done to the assailants. During a lull 
between tbe volleys a rush was 
made and tbe -nearer crest gained, 
from whence a furious .fire was 
opened upon the Coreans which 
told with deadly effect. Line was 
formed under its cover, and prepa- 
rations made for a charge up tbe 
steep hill on which the citadel 
stood. How one-half . of tbe 
stormers reached the crest is 
declared by eyewitnesses to be as 
great a mystery as the escape of the 
launches on the previous occasion. 
The Coreans flinched not an inch, 
and kept up a hail of jingal balls 
which should have annihilated 
their assailants if they h*d had the 
least idea of aim. . . The Coreans 
fought bravely, hut had no chance 
with their inferior weapons against 
the rifles and bayonets of their 
adversaries- They were driven out 
of the foil, and fled down the hills 
tor the water’s edge, where tome 
were - mowed down by -the 
Monocacy’s howitzers, . . . 


Sixties SHrvivors 

From MrR. F. Williams 
Sir, Your ■ series' of articles (Au- 
gust 11-13) on foe 1960s and on 
those of us who grew up in that 
decade was fescinating but per- 
haps misleading. It was not all 
flower power and Sergeant P e p per 
(even though my record collection 
bears an uncanny resemblance to 
those mentioned by you). 

I would not like your younger 
readers to come away with foe 
idea that all those of my genera- 
tion were seeking “foe alternative 
society". Il wasn't until 1963-64 
that fresh power at Westminster 
and foe rise of foe Beatles gave 


teenagers their first taste ofa brave 
new world: until then it had been 
all Richard Dimbleby and BiHy. 
Fury. 

Tbe middle years of foe decade' 
were the most turbulent, with the 
emphasis on trying anything new 
or outrageous. Biit even wayward . 
seeds have a habit of bringing.' 
forth new Ufe and foe results of the 
1960s* “experiments” are evident 
for all to see m the 1 980s. Freedom 
cannot be divorced from 
responsibility and we have found 
this out too late. 

As your articles suggest, those of 
us who have brought with us our 
teenage ideals are Jikdy to have 
fresh ideas in foe business world 


. and a greater capacity to adapt. 
But tbere are.many who could not 
withstand foe extreme, changes’ 
pushed upon them in foe 1960s 
and the breakdown in family Ufe 
bears witness to this. 

If we ever have such a dramatic 
time again, let us learn that change 
and experiment can only flourish 
when grounded on a solid base, as 
those of us who are fortunate to 
have foe Christian faith have been 
grateful to realise. • ■ 

Yours sincerely, 

RAY WILLIAMS, 

29 King Edward Avenue, 
Aylesbury. Buckinghamshire. 
August 14. 


Yellow peril 

From MrR. S. R Fitter 
Sr, Your correspohdenjs-(Augnst 
1 1, 16, 18) who propose to uproot 
or otherwise control ragwort are 
embarking on a labour of Sisyphus 
unless they also take steps to deal 
with foe cause of the infestation. 
Ragwort in fields, is almost 
invariably foe- result of overgraz- 
ing. usually by cattle, horses or 
rabbits. Overgrazing produces tbe 
patches of bare ground that rag- 
- won needs' for germination. Rag- 
wort rarely in vades a closed 
sward. 

Youxs &£, 

RICHARD FITT ER , 

. Drifts, . 

ChinnorBiU. Oxford. 

Belowthe belt / 

From Mr Justin F. Scroggie - 
Sir, In these’ days of increased 
demand for plastic surgery; may I 
draw your readers’ attention to the 
1986 Loudon telephone directory 
(section ' L-R)’ Which lists ; the 
Royal Institution of Navel Archi- 
tects? 

Yours faithfully, 

JUSTIN SCROGGIE, 

15 Colville Place, Wl, 


i x- *" 




12 


THE TIMES THURSDAY AUGUST 21 1986 



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COURT 

AND 

SOCIAL 


COURT 

CIRCULAR 


Birthdays today 


BALMORAL CASTLE 
August 20. Lady Abel Smith has 
succeeded the Hon Mary Morri- 
son as Lady in Wailing to The 
Queen. 

BUCKINGHAM PALACE 
August 20: The Princess .Anne. 
Mrs Mark Phillips this morning 
visited the Royal College of 
Defence Studies. London. SW|, 
and was received by the Com- 
mandant (Admiral Sir David 
Halitfax). 

Her Royal Highness was later 
entertained to luncheon al the 
College. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Peter 
Gibbs was in attendance. 


Mr A. C Abbott. 63: Dame 
Janet Baker. 53: Lord Beswick. 
74; Mr Christopher Brasher. 58: 
Sir Kenneth Cork. 73: Lord 
Goodman. CH. 73: the Hon 
Gerald Lascelles, 62: Mr Barry 
Norman. 53; Mr Sam Toy. 63: 
Lieutenant-General Sir Richard 
Vickers. 5S; Mr Mike Weston. 
48. 


Princess Margaret celebrates her 
birthday today. 


Princess Alexandra will attend a 
dinner at Hampton Court Pal- 
ace on September 24 for the 

delegates to the General Assem- 
bly of the International Federa- 
tion of Slock Exchanges. 


Forthcoming marriages 


Mr E.P.C. Allsop 
and Miss NJ. Travis 
The engagement is announced 
between Edward, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs Peter Allsop. of 
Charlton Mackrell. Somerset, 
and Nicola, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs R. J. Travis, of Chandlers 
Ford. Hampshire. 

Mr R.P.VV. Baillie-Grohman 
and Miss H.S. Webb 
The engagement is announced 
between Roderic. son of Com- 
mander and Mrs Peter Baillie- 
Grohman. and Holly, daughter 
of Dr Hugh Webb, and of Mrs 
Joan Webb. 

Mr A J. Brown 
and Miss A.R. Lamb 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs lan Brown, of 
Edinburgh, and Amanda, voun- 
gesi daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Michael Lumb. of Chichester. 
Mr D.T. Cargill 
and Miss K. Tolleson 
The engagement is announced 
between David Thomas, son of 
Mr and Mrs Robert A. Cargill, 
of London, and Katrin, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs John F. 
Tolleson. of Moulds et Baucels. 
France. 

Mr MAUL Fischer 
and Miss L.E.M. Iatrou 
The engagement is announced 
between Marc Manuel Kent, 
son of Mr and Mrs Hans Eric 
Fischer, of Zurich, and La Efty 
Maria. elder daughter of Mr 
George N. Iatrou and Mrs 
Renna Nezos-Iatrou. of 
London. 

Mr A.M. Fletcher 
and Miss B.M. Leighton 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew Marcus, youn- 
gest son of Mr and Mrs J. W. 
Fletcher, of Far Forest, 
Worcestershire, and Bridget 
Mary, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs G. L Leighton, of Henley- 
on-Thames, Oxfordshire. 


Mr NJV. MacCormick 
and Miss A. Gulvanessian 
The engagement is announced 
between Neil, only son of the 
late Mr I. MacCormick and of 
Mrs J. MacCormick. of The 
Meads. Eastbourne, Sussex, and 
Aleen. younger daughter of Mr 
and Mis N. Gulvanessian, of 
Ealing. London. W5. 


Mr J.M. Pitts 

and Mine R. Sron-Szechovricz 
The engagement is announced 
between John younger son of 
Mr and Mrs D. H. Pitts, of 1 1 
Crest Avenue, Balwyn, Austra- 
lia. and Renata, younger daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mis Z. Sron. of 
Poznan. Poland. 


Mr US. Reeves 
and Miss L.N. Rtx 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, younger son 
of Mrs Anita Reeves, of 
Walmer. Kent, and the late Dr 
T. L. Reeves, and Nicola, only 
daughter of Captain and Mrs L. 
Rix. of Blandford, Dorset. 


Mr P.R.K. Stott 
and Miss S.E. Blore 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, son of Mr J. F. 
Stott of Hove, Sussex, and the 
late Mrs A. Stott, and stepson of 
Mrs J. K. Stott, and Sian Efrys, 
elder daughter ofMr and Mrs'G. 
T. Blore. of Wrexham. Clwyd. 


Marriage 

Mr N.P. Broad 
and Miss ML Tsioutsia 
The marriage took place on 
August 13. in Thessaloniki. 
Greece, between Mr Nicholas 
Philip Broad, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs Richard Broad, of 
Wormley, Surrey, and Miss 
Magdalini Tsioutsia, daughter 
of Mrs Anastasia Tsioutsia and 
the late Mr Chrysostomos 
Tsioutsia, of Thessaloniki. 



New bishop 
for Cyprus 
and the Gulf 


The Ven John Brown, aged 56, 
Archdeacon of Berkshire since 
1478. is to be the next Bishop in 
Cyprus and the Gulf. 

Archdeacon Brown has 
worked tn Jordan and the Sudan 
and in 1976 he travelled with 
the then Archbishop of Canter- 
bury. Dr Donald Coggan. 
translating his sermons into 
Arabic. Recently, he has been 
Christian co-ordinator for Mus- 
lim - Christian consultations. 


Leaders change 

At the half-way stage of the 
week-long trials being held at 
the Young Chelsea Bridge Club 
to determine the team to repre- 
sent Great Britain in the Euro- 
pean bridge championship next 
year, there was a change at the 
top when the Armstrong and 
Fish pool teams surged ahead of 
I. N. Rose who had a dis- 
appointing session on Tuesday. 

After completing two more 
matches of 32 boards yesterday 
the bottom two teams were 
eliminated. The four leaders 
continue play until Sunday. 
Standings 


I } M Arr mJ r onu (49; 3 S Ftshpool 
145. 3 I N Bow 141: 4 A P SOWWT 
116. S V A SU version* 8& 6 D G W 
Price BO 


University news 


and The Duke of Edinburgh in an official New Zealand royal portrait taken by 

on 
the 
the Duke 

of Edinburgh is m the uniform of an Admiral of the Fleet in the Royal New Zealand Navy. 



Archaeology 


Prince Cave woman’s bone 
dates back 220,000 years 


By Norman Hammond, Archaeology Correspondent 


Latest wills 


Sir Alan Philip Hay, of Notting- 
ham Cottage. Kensington Pal- 
ace. west London, who was 
Private Secretary to Princess 
Marina, and treasurer to the 
Duke of Kent and Prince Mi- 
chael of Kent, and who became 
a director of Sotheby’s on his 
retirement, left estate valued at 
£431.225 net. 

He left His painting by Judy 
Cassab. portraying the Duke of 
Kent and Princess Alexandra, to 
the Duke of Kent, and hispairof 
sapphire and diamond cufflinks 
attributed to Faberge to Princess 
Alexandra. 

Mrs Millicent Jacqueline 
Colvin, of Cadogan Square, 


Westminster, left £2,550.844 
net. 

Lady Beatrice Olive Collette, of 
Moorlands. Wilderness Road. 
Chislehursu KenL wife of Sir 
Kingsley Collette. Lieutenant 
for the City of London, and 
former director of Adams 
Brothers and Shardlow, print- 
ers. left £102.507 net. 

Lady Grace Eveline Hordern, of 
Rectory Chambers. Old Church 
Street, west London, wife of Sir 
Michael Murray Hordern, the 
actor, left estate valued at 
£179,071 net. 

Mr Douglas Walter Perry, of 
The Parkway. Snaitfa. North 
Humberside, described as a 
“fitter’s mate", left £104,016 
net 


A method known as Uranium- 
series dating has been used to 
pin down the history of sedi- 
ments in an Italian cave, and 
to give an age to a human 
pelvic bone which is thought 
to be among the earliest 
remains of woman in Europe. 

The female pelvic bone, 
said to be of ante-Neanderthal 
type, has been dated to about 

220.000 years ago. and seems 
to have been tens of thousands 
of years old before it was 
incorporated in the cave 
deposits. 

The site, known as the 
Prince Cave, because it was 
originally excavated at the end 
of the last century by Albert I 
of Monaco, ancestors of the 
present Prince Ranier HI. lies 
at Grimaldi in Liguria, dose 
to the Franco-ltalian border. 

Recent investigations lo- 
cated a fissure in one wall, a 
metre wide and twelve metres 
high, filled with ancient ma- 
rine formations and breccias 
of continental origin. The 
human pelvic bone was found 
in the lower breccia, des- 
ignated Br2. 

Both breccias contained 
stone tools of the Acheulean 
industry, a long-lived early 
tool complex round across 
Africa, Europe and Asia and 
lasting from about ! million to 

100.000 years ago, and the 


breccias were intersiratified by 
travertine stalagmites to 
which the uranium-series dat- 
ing method could be applied. 

Because they are absent 
through insolubility, the activ- 
ity of thorium (as Th-230) and 
protactinium (as Pa231) is 
virtually zero when a stalag- 
mite forms, but as their parent 
elements, uranium-234 and 
U-235 respectively, decay so 
the content of Th-230 and Pa- 
231 goes up at a rate governed 
by their half-lives. 

Then, provided the system 
is closed and no other 
amounts of any of the de- 
ments enter it to derange 
calculations, the Th-230/U- 
234 and Pa-23 l/U-235 ratios 
can be used to measure the 
amount of time elapsed since 
the stalagmites were formed. 

Because this method can be 
used to date deposits older 
than the approximately 
40.000 year limit of radio- 
carbon dating, it is very useful 
in studying the early hikory of 
human occupation of Europe, 
when stalagmitic caves were 
among the shelters used by 
Homo erectus and the 
succeeding Homo sapiens 
neanderthalensis. 

The dates from the Prince 
Cave suggest that the stalag- 
mitic deposits were formed 
very rapidly around 180-140 


thousand years ago. and this is 
confirmed by the use of an 
independent dating method, 
measuring the ratio of Tho- 
rium-227 to Th-230. Samples 
measured by this method gave 
dates between 17 and 175 
thousand years, and like the 
other samples, statistical error 
was reckoned at less than 

20.000 years either way. 

The human pelvic bone was 

dated directly by the uranium- 
thorium method using non- 
destructive gamma 

spectrometry, and yielded a 
determination of 220.000 
years, with an upward statis- 
tical error of 120,000 and a 
lower of 50.000 years. 

This date is consistent with 
the dates for the stalagmites, 
although it could also mean 
that the bone was very old 
when it was incorporated in 
the breccia deposit which 
dates to between 1 10,000 and 

160.000 years ago. 

Apart from the interest of 
this relatively early date for 
human presence in Europe 
(which is, however, quite late 
for a pre-Neanderthal type). 
Dr Shen points out that the 
Th-227/Th-230 method is a 
new and useful cross-check on 
established uranium-series 
dating techniques. 

Source: Archaeometry : 28, 1 79- 
184. 


Oxford 

Appointments 

Readerships 

Mathematical Logic. A J Wilkie 
(BSc. MSc, PhD, London) Fel- 
iow-elect of Wolfson College. 
Information Engineering: D W 
Clarke. MA, DPhiL Fellow of 
New College. 

Lecturers 

Btoctwtntstry. J K H«Ui. DPMI (BSc 

ii. FeT ' “ ' 


Glasgow). Fellow or one) C: Zoology. 
A E Keyraer CBSc. PhD London 1. 
Fellow -elect of uoy Margaret HaU: 
Physical Chemistry. D E Logan (MA. 


PhD Cambridge). Fellow -elect of 
BaOiol C; Politics. Mbs N Hartnman 


(BA. MA Dublin). Fellow of Somer 
v-IUe C.DH MarfcweU. MPhll (BEcon. 
Queensland) Fellow of Merton C 

Elections 

Si Edmund Had 

English: Scholarships: MB® M C 
Johnston. Oxford HS: Mms J S 
Moody. Wakefield Girls US: Mas FIL 
S wnus. Charterhouse: mbs j j wtms- 
BuikL Headlngum & Oxford. Ex- 
hibition. Mm a L Rands. Kelly C. 
Fine Art: Scholarship: Mbs E J 
Harland. Salisbury C of Tech. 
Geography: Scholarships: G P 
Brazmdaie. Moutsham H& A J Jones. 
Latymer Upper S. 

Mathematics: Scholarships: J R Grif- 
fiths. Warwick S: M J Jenkins. Forest 
S. Snaresbrook: D W McIntyre. The 
Ridings HS. Exhibitions. N J Cay. 


King Edward's S. Bath: P J daden. 
Sir Josep 


S 


eph Williamson's Mattuiuaueal 


Mathematics and Computation: Ex- 
hibition. M J Gmrod. Chatham House 

cs. 

Modern History: Exhibitions. R N P 
Macalre. cranMgh S. T C Owen. 
King's & Worcester. 

Modern History and Modern Lan- 
guages: Scholarship. Mm C D C 
Wynter. Brighton and Hove HS. 
Modem Languages: Scholarships: M A 
Kina. Trinity sT Croydon. Mm J E 
Sorting. Maynard S. Exhibitions. S C 
Marlow. Kings College S. Wimbledon: 
Utn p C MUched. Woodford County 

HS: Miss E C Palmer. Rosebery S. 

Epsom: D Sanxey. Exeter S. 


PPE. Exhibitions. Mm T_D_ Ashby. 


Renton S: mms A Fletcher. Oxford 

Mm M R McQuillan. Culls Academy: 
N R Munz-Jones. Radlev C: C R 

Richards. Doual S: Mbs £ M Rudd. 

Trinity S. Carlisle. 

Philosophy and Theology: ExniMUan. 
Mm M A Hyre. Brown Uithi. 
Natural Science: Scholarships: A w 
Fogarty, western Favell Upper S 
■medicine): S Goodyear. Worth S 
(engineering]: C J Hawley. Eton C 
i Chemistry 5: Miss T Mohindra. 
Ashford S (physics): N A Nlcandrou. 


Campion s. Athens ( en gi n ee r ! n pH J A 

Rossiter. St Brendan's Sixth For 


_ ... onii C 

(engineering): C A Seidance. Bexley 

CS ‘ 

HOSW 

Albert . . 

isiryu D C Whltmarah. Poole GS 
(geology): C J WHktm. Monmouth S 

(medicine). Exhibitions. D B Ashby. 

Vynecs S (metallurgy): I M Billing. 

Wlrral CSchool (geology): J M 
Bloomer. Queen Mary's CS- Walsall 
(chenttsuryc J W Gulley. 

New C (Physics): p A Harding. Team 

C (physics): T J Hetmore. Arnold S. 


OBITUARY 

MR PATRICK BEESLY 

Naval operations and authorship 


Mr Patrick Beesly. a veteran 
of the last anti-U-boat cam- 
paign. and author of several 
books on naval intelligence, 
died on August 16. He was 73. 

Bom in 1913, he was edu- 
cated at Oundic and at T rinity 
College, Cambridge. He was 
commissioned in ihe RNVR 
1939. and posted to the 


in 


Admiralty’s Operational Intel- 
ligence Centre, where it was 
his task, under the guidance of 
Rodger (later Lord Justice) 
Winn, to plol and if possible 
to Foresee the movements of 
enemy submarines. 

His rank was only that of 
lieutenant, but the work was 
so pressing that when some- 
one had to cross the Atlantic 
to explain to the Americans 
exactly how this indispensable 
and highly secret task was 
being managed, only Beesly 
could be spared for the jour- 
ney. Winn proposed that he 
might be promoted lieuten- 
ant-commander for the trip, to 
give him a little more standing 
in Washington; but Sir Dudley 
Pound, the First Sea Lord 
minuted that a lieutenant in 
the Navy could talk to any- 
body as an equal. 

Beesly remained in the 
RNVR lor 20 years. After he 
retired, he took to writing the 
recent history of naval intelli- 
gence; and besides a spate of 
articles, wrote three notable 
books. As soon as the nature 
of Bletchley’s Ultra work be- 
came public, he could produce 


I Vvt Special Intelligence 
(1977). a lively and readable 
insider’s account of the Opera* 
tiona! Intelligence Centre’s 
cracking of German cyphers 
and codes, which was pub. 
lished in America. Germany 
and Russia, as wd! as in 
England 

No naval historian had been 
able, until then, to refer to 
Ultra; and while Beesly did 
not have access to the mass of 
information _ which still re- 
mains classified, he reinforced 
his own memories by consul- 
tation with his colleagues. 
Besides, he had obviously 
seen enough of the records 
himself to give the work a 
precision which lifts it out of 
the realm of memoirs into dial 
of history. 

He followed it with Ven 
Special Admiral (1480). a life 
of his chief. Admiral J. H. 
Godfrey, whom he knew inti- 
mately from boyhood as a 
cousin-by-marriage; and with 
Roam 40 fl9S2). the foil 
account of the highly secret 
work done by British naval 
intelligence in the First World 
W'ar. 

Beesly had long been wres- 
tling with illness, but was at 
work until a few weeks before 
he died He was always the 
soul of helpfulness and gener- 


osity to genuine enquirers in 
his field. 


He leaves a widow and two 
daughters. 


MR WINTHROP 
SARGEANT 


Mr Winthrop Sargeant. mu- 
sic critic for The New Yorker 
for 37 years, died on August 
15. He was 82. 

He was bom on December 
10. 1 903, in San Francisco and 
there studied violin with Al- 
bert Elkus, and in Europe with 
Felix Pro has ka and Lucien 
Capet. In 1922, at the age of 
1 8. he joined the violin section 
of the San Francisco Sympho- 
ny Orchestra as its youngest 
member, and over the next 
two years, played with the 
New York Symphony and 
Philharmonic Orchestras un- 
der Willem Mengdberg and 
Arturo Toscanini. 

A desire to be a writer, 
combined with a dislike for 
the life of a symphonic musi- 
cian, led him into journalism 
in 1930. He wrote for Musical 


in his critical tastes. He was a 
champion of such easily emo- 
tive composers as Gian Carlo 
Menotti, Carlisle Floyd and 
Vittorio Giannini. He also 
published, in 1938, one of the 
first serious studies of jazz, 
Jazz: Hot and Hybrid. 


■ing 

New Yorker he also published 
a number of profiles, among 
them the film maker Vittorio 
de Sica, the photographer 
Richard Avedon. the anthro- 


pologist Margaret Mead and 
ie Zen 


ihe Zen philosopher D. T. 
Suzuki. Sargeant had a pro- 
nounced interest in Eastern 
philosophies and in 1979, 
translated the Bhagavad Gila 
into English from the original 
Sanskrit 


America, The Brooklyn Daily 
one A 


aUtirgy): t G Lines. Portsmouth GS 

(physics): E J Marsh. Gtenatmond C 
(engineering); Mbs K Morrison. CoL 
clmter Co HS (metallurgy): W J 


Murray. Edinburgh Academy (ph ^ 


Ksk A J O'Connell. Mltfnurst 
(physics): Mbs K J Penney. Lancing C 
r metallurgy); J P Smith. Blackpool 
Collegiate Stxm Form Centre (Qeol- 
— r - . Wangg|L Poole GS 


ogy). S J 
(Chemistry). 


Brockhues Senior Scholarships: S Gl 

Blixlra i International relations): W-C 

Luk (computation): Mbs K L Lan g dal e i 
(English): G H Rodway ( metallurgy): R 
Sellars (Engtbti): D Shangguan (met- 
allurgy): G P Slater l English): DM 
lilMHlMi w® L S wad 
williams (manage- 


Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 


BIRTHS. MARRIAGES, 
DEATHS and IN MEMOfllUM 
£4 a bn + 15% VAT 

l minimum 3 linn) 


\nnounccmcnls. aulhcmkatcd bv l he 
o t the 


name jnd piTmanmi address 
letKlcr ma> be seni i« 


THE TIMES 
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S 1-481 4880 raty). For publication the 

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foNu„Jt>£ iiai h> 1.30pm. 


FORTHCmnMG MARRIAGES. WEDDINGS 

cir on l oun and Social Page E6 a fine 
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Toon and Socul Page annouccmcnis 
can noi be acccplu o by telephone. 
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For Cod in uol IIn- aulhoi Of crmltMnn. 

Hill pr.K-r a in dl| ttllJIClM-s of me 

-anil, 

I Counlhidin la M 


BIRTHS 


BAUER - SEE DC STC CROIX 

BUCHANAN On 12th August. 1986. 
to Caroling (peg Ventham) and 
James, a daughter. Charlotte Joanna 
Currcr 

CLARKE - On August 16th. lo Emma 
in*» Murdoch) and Timothy, a 
daughter. Georgina. 

DAVIES on August 13th. to Mary (nee 
Barron) and Henry a son. James 
Henry Joseph. 

DE STE CROIX ■ On 18th August to 
Hillary irwe Bauer) and Richard, a 
daughter. Camilla. 

GIBSON • On Saturday. 161h August, 
to Hilary mee Allen) and Stephen, a 
son. Henry William, at West London 
Hospital. 

HALANEN - On 8th August lo Wendy 
and Garth, a son. Philip Rex Angelo, 
a brother for Joseph. 

HANSELL - On August 15lh. at 
WesrmihSter Hospital, to Mary Anne 
(nee Gadsden) and David, a 
daughter. Lydia. 

HARSORD on August 20th. at Queen 
Char lone's Hospital. London, to 
Monique utee Fetherstonhaugh) and 
Jeremy, a daughter. Sophie India 
Charlotte. 


HEMMINGS - On August 5th. to Anne 
and Paul, twin daughters, Ellie Pose 
and Alice Lily, sisters for Sophie 
Victoria 

JONES - On Augusi 6th. to David and 
Sue mee Griffiths) at Swansea, a 
daughter. Charlotte Mary. 

LEWIS - On Monday . 18th August, lo 
Cnrssida mee WceKtey' and Garth, a 
daughter. Olivia Eleanor Rose. 
McCARTNEY - On August ITih, to 
Alison and Peter, a son. Max Elliott, 
a brother for Alexandra. 


MOREL - On 1 4th August al 
Worcester Hospital, lo Susanna (nee 
Blddulphi and Anthony, a daughter. 
Charlotte babel, a sister for Frances. 

NEAME - On 18th August 1986. at 
Royal United Hospital. Bath, to 
Elizabeth and Simon, a daughter. 


OGR.V1E - On 17th AugusL in Edin- 
burtfi lo Mary Ann and David, ason- 


OUPHANT - On August 18th. al 
Famborough Hospital. KenL to 
Diana mee Matthews) and Tony, a 
daughter. Katherine Alexandra. 

PRATT - on August tsih. at The 
Rosie. Cambridge, lo Sarah and 
Piers, a daughter. Louisa. 

UMTT - On 15!h AugusL al 
Basingstoke District Hospital, to An- 
gela i nee Munroj and Andrew, a son. 
Alexander Munre. 

WALKER - On August 19th. at home to 
Susan and David, a son. Harry Jona- 
than Charles, a brother to 

Christopher and Nicholas. 

WOOO ■ On August 16th. at Kingston 
Hosplial. to Jennifer mee Davies) and 
Ian. a daughter. Katharine Helen 
Margaret a abler for Victoria. 


DEATHS 


BUCK- Stan Buckingham - On 19th 
August, after a long and brave fight 
against illness. Cremation on Friday. 
10am. at Pamdon Wood Crematori- 
um. Commons! de Rd. Great 
Pamdon. Harlow. Essex. Family 
Dowers only please. Donations, if 
wished, lo either Cancer Help Cen- 
tre. Cornwallis Grove. Bristol. BS8 
4PG (tel 0272743216): or Macmillan 
Nurses Fund. National Society for 
Cancer Relief. 15/19 Britten SL 
London SW3 del 01 551 78111. 
BURGE - On Friday. August 15th. 
Gertrude Richarda (nee Feelt) peace- 
fully at Ealing Hospital. Dearly loved 
mummy. Oma. Trudy, will be sadly 
missed. Funeral on Friday. 22nd Au- 
gusL South London Crenutorturn at 
3-30 pm. All enquiries to W. S. Bond 
Lid 19 Bond SL Ealing ws. Tel: 01 
S67 0422 

BUSH - On August 18th. peacefully In 
he sleep. Ronald Paul Bush. C.M.G.. 
O.B.E.. late of the Provincial Admin- 
istration N. Rhodesia. Cremation 
private. Thanksgiving Service at St 
John's Church. Churl, on Monday. 
September 1st. at 230pm. Please no 
flowers, but donations, if so desired, 
to Holy Cross HospItaL Haslemere. 
EAST -On August lBUi. Rama, mother 
of Angela and CaroL aged 6S. 
Funeral ai Kingston Crematorium. 
August 22nd. al 10.30am. Flowers 
to F.Palne. 182 High SL New 
Maklon. Donations to Royal Manden 
Hospital. Sutton (Cancer Research). 
ELS WORTHY ■ On August 19th. 1986. 
peacefully at her home. Frances 
Shirley, aged 87 years, much loved 
widow Of John Gordon Efeworthy. 
loving mother of (Lte). Funeral ser- 
vice tofiunorow. Friday August 
22nd. al Hdmbuiy. St Mary 
Church, al 12 noon. Cut flowers and 
enquires please to Sherlock & Sons. 
Treilts House. Dorking. Tel: Dorking 
86226b 

FRANKLYN-R068IMS - On August 
19th. peacefully In Torquay. George 
Franklyn- Robbins, formerly of 
Bromsvove W o r cestershire, and 
Lydlard Tregoze. Wills. Funeral Ser- 
vice al Codongton Parish Church, 
near Torquay at 2.45pm. Friday. 
August 22nd. Flowers to Loram. 
Torbay Funeral Sst'lce. WeUswood. 
Torquay - 


BERING . On Aug 18th 1980. Peter 
George, after a short Illness, dearest 
husband of Mira) and father of Rich- 
ard and Ovaries. Funeral Service at 
TeddUtgton Ceraeby. on Wednesday 
Aug 27th at 10am. Family Dowers 
only, but donations If desired to the 
R.A.F. Benevolant Fund. 


On 19th AugusL James 
Broom Millar O.B.E.. peacefully at 
home, aged 77. Funeral, private, at 
Bournemouth Crematorium, on Fri- 
day. 22nd AugusL at 10.30am. 
Flowers lo Messrs George Scott & 
San. 15 Sommerset Rd. Boscomtie. 
Bournemouth. BH7 6JH. 


NASH On 17th August 1986. William 
i BUI i after a long dines*, adored and 
adoring husband, father, grandfather 
and great grandfather. Funeral took 
place on the 19th August Memorial 
service to be atmoueed. 


POWELL - On August 18th. 1986. 
peacefully hi hospital. Margaret. 
Much loved mother of Celia. Denis 
and Rosalind, and widow of Henry 
Powell. Memorial Service will be 
hekl later. Donations may be sent to 
Church Missionary Society. Letters 
lo Ravensmere. Cryers HED. High 
Wycombe. Bucks. 


READ - On 16Ui AugusL Elsie Elinor, 
peacefully at The Kent and Sussex 
Hospital, formerly of Goldsmith Rd 
Tonbridge- Cremation al Tunbridge 
Wells Crematorium, on Tuesday 
26th AugusL at 3 -30pm. Enquiries lo 
E R Hicfemott A Son- 41 Grave Hill 
Rd. Tunbrtdgs Wells, tei 22462. 


WOLVEHTON - On August 18th. Nigel 
Reginald Victor Gtyn 6th Baron, 
peacefully al Newmarket aged 82. 
Funeral Service AO Saints Church. 
Newmarket on Tuesday. August 
26th at 2_30pm. 


MEMORIAL SERVICES 


MACKJE-CA1PBELL. George Logan 
BLE. All friends are Invited lo attend 
a Thanksgiving Service for Logan, 
who died In Australia, on 22nd July 
1986. To be held in Ihe Church of 
Scotland. Tarben. Argyll, ai lpm on 
Monday. 1st September 1986 and 
thereafter at Sttmefleid House. 


IN MEMORIAM - PRIVATE 


6LEVELAITO BELLE - James. In loving 
memory of dear Jimmie, who died 
2!St AugusL 1985- 


DAVISON, Rev. Canon David Edward, 
died on let AugusL 1986. aged 77 
years. Dear and much loved brother 
of Lilian and brother-in-law of 
William Shield. May he rest in peace 


WOLSTEJtCROFT - In constant loving 
rem e mbr a nce of Valerie mee 
Hamilton) dearly loved wife and 
mother, who died Au9uU 2 1st i9&4. 
•m te. Domtne. speravl*. 


FUNERAL 

ARRANGEMENTS 


TREVELYAN, John - Funeral at 
Elmers End Crematorium. Friday. 
22nd August! 1-20- 



Appointments 


Latest appointments include: 
Brigadier Harry Gregerioas 
Brown, late Royal Array Ord- 
nance Corps, as aide-de-camp to 
The Queen in succession to 
Brigadier John Alexander 
Turner. 


Air Commodore Ian 
Horrocks, aged 52, is ap- 
pointed Commandant of the 
Royal Observer Corps from 
next month. He has been 
responsible for the policy 
aspects of defence and borne 
defence planning as Air 
Commodore (Policy and 
Plans) at headquarters RAF 
Support Command. 


LieBteuant-Ctdoud Joan Mar- 
garet Elizabeth Thompson, as 
Honorary Nursing Sister to The 
Queen. 

Major-General Gay Hansard 
Watkins, laic Royal Regiment 
of Artillery, to be Cblonel 
Commandant Royal Regiment 
of Artillery in succession to 
Major-General Leo Heatbcote 
Plummer. 

Brigadier Peter Ronald Davies, 
late Royal Corps of Signals, to 
be Cblonel of The King's RegU 
mem, in succession to Colon? 
Sir Geoffrey Erring! on. 

Mr Barry MIDor, to be Director 
General Defence Quality Assur- 
ance at the Ministry of Defence, 
in succession to Mr David 
Brighton, who retires at the end 
of the month. 


Dr Richard Gibbs to be Director 
of Statistics and Management 
Information at the Department 
of Health and Social Security in 
succession to Mr. A- R. Smith 
who has retired. 

Professor John Grey, Professor 
Michael O'Hara and Dr John 
Rae to be members of the 
Natural Environment Research 
Council. Professor Richard 
Cormack and Mr Geoffrey 
Larminie are reappointed to the 
council. . 

Sir Austin Bide, Dr Sydney 
Brenner, Dr Michael Cntmptoa 
and Professor Christopher 
Dickinson to be members of the 
Medical Research Council. 
Professor Jane Lloyd and 
Professor Lewis Wolpert are- 
reappointed to the council. 

Mr William Ian Mclndoe to be 
deputy chairman of the Housing 
Corporation, in succession to 
Mr Noel Burden, and the 
Bishop of Croydon, the Right 
Rev wafted D. Wood, andMr 
David H. L Hopkinson to be 
members of the board. 


Science report 


Star in Centaurus prompts watch 


By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 


The sodden appearance in 
the sky of a bright supernova, 
a star that brightens tem- 
porarily when an explosion 
blows off all or most of its 
material as the result of 
uncontrolled nuclear re- 
actions, has prompted an in- 
tense period of observations at 
the European So a them 
Observatory, at La Silla in 
Chile. 

The brilliant dood of debris, 
on which one of the most 
powerful telescopes in world is 
focused, was discovered by the 
Rev R. Evans, an amateur 
astronomer in Australia who 
has more than a dozen earlier 
finds to his credit. 

But attempts tn unravel 
some of the mysteries of these 
massive explosions has pre- 
occupied 1 astronomers for 
generations, and since 1936 
there has been a systematic 
search for snch objects. Over 
400 of them have been found 
outside our galaxy. 

The new one has received 
the offical designation 1986 G 
by the inetmatioBa! 
Astronomical Union, and it 


was found in what had been 
regarded as a rather peculiar 
galaxy, called NGHC5128.lt 
is a very strong radio transmit- 
ter, and is located in the 
soothers sky in constellation 
Centanros. No supernova had 
been detected before in this 
galaxy. 

The observation has created 
a . stir among professional 
astronomers because bright 
snpernovae, this is magnitude 
12, are rather rare and also 
because of the curious nature 
of the parent galaxy. Details of 
the first observations at La 
Sfllaare in 7ifte Messenger ; the 
quarterly bulletin of the Euro- 
pean Southern Observatory. 

Snpernovae are believed to 
respresent the late evolu- 
tionary stage of massive stars 
in which the star runs oat of 
atomic fuel. It can no longer 
support its own weight and 
collapses. 

limned lately thereafter, in 
this more compact state, a 
dramatic thermonuclear 
explosion is triggered, usually 
blowing the outer layers Into 
space. However, a small and 


very compart object, a neutron 
star, may remain at the centre 
of the dood of debris. 

The best known historical 
supernova, which gave rise to 
the Crab Nebula, was recorded 
by Chinese astronomers in 
1054, But ft was not anti] 1967 
that the new science of radio 
astronomy found the compact 
remanent at the centre in the 
form of a radio palsar. 

According to current und er - 
standing, most, if not ail, 
heavy elements in the Uni- 
verse have been generated in 
the exceedingly hot interiors 
of stars hi the supernova: 
phase. About 20 are located 
each year. Since they are not 
detected before their expand- 
ing gas dood approaches its 
maximum brightness, tittle is 
known about the early phases. 

The last one to have oc- 
curred in oar. own galaxy, the 
Milky Way, appears to be one 
found by the German astrono- 
mer and mathematefan Johan- 
nes Kepler in the constellation 
Ophiocos in 1604. 

The Messenger, European 
Sontbcm Observatory No 44. 


Eagle, The New York Ameri- 
can. and Time, where he was 
music editor from 1937 to 
1945. He then became a 
roving correspondent for Life 
and, in 1949, joined the staff 
of The New Yorker. 

Sargeant was an articulate 
and independent conservative 


He also published Geniuses. 
Goddesses and People ; Listen- 
ing to Music (1958), and 
Divas : Impressions of Today's 
Sopranos (1973). In 1970, he 
published In Spire of Myself: A 
Personal Memoir, an unusual- 
ly candid autobiography. 


He married, in 1955. Jane 
Smith. There were no children 
of the marriage. 


MR ANDREW ROBERTSON 


Mr Andrew Robertson, 
economist and industrial jour- 
nalist, died on August 1. He 
was 64. 

He was born in Blackpool 
on October 13, 1921, but spent 
his childhood in Latin Ameri- 
ca. After war service in the 
RAF he graduated as an 
economic historian from the 
London School of Economics 
and became an industrial 
journalist. 

After a period with the 
Times Review of Industry \ he 
became industrial correspon- 
dent of The Times. Already at 
that time, in the rather com- 
placent atmosphere of the 
1950s, he drew attention to 
some of the fundamental 
problems of British industry, 
especially in relation to tech- 
nical innovation. 


He began an academic ca- 
reer in the mid 1960s, but 
continued to work part-time 
as a journalist- In fuuticular, 
with his wife, Jean, he wrote 
columns for both The Specta- 
tor and the New Statesman on 
consumer innovations. . 


They had a special interest 
In improving the quality and 
safety of new products, believ- 
ing this to be a prerequisite of 
successful competition. Rob- 
ertson saw Japan's success in 
world markets in the 1970s as 
in part a vindication of his 
view. 


These interests led, in the 
1960s and 1970s. to intense 
work at the National Institute 
of Economic and Social Re- 
search and later, at the science 
policy research unit at Sussex 
University, where be conduct- 


ed a research project - code- 
named SAPPHO - that earned 
the unit international reputa- 
tion. 

Its purpose was systemati- 
cally to compare different 
methods of introducing new 
products and processes in two 
industries: chemicals and sci- 
entific instruments. It in- 
volved detailed case studies in 
many countries and needed all 
the skills which Robertson 
had acquired in the 6eld of 
investigative journalism. 

Firms were often unwilling 
to provide details of expensive 
failures although they readily 
gave information on their 
successes. Robertson showed 
persistence, patience, tact and 
ingenuity in acquiring the 
necessary information and in 
cross-checking the various 
sources. The main findings, 
reported in his book The 
Lessons of Failure, were of 
crucial importance in the de- 
velopment of management 
studies. 

Following the success of this 
project, he was invited to lead 
a new research programme at 
the Central London Polytech- 
nic, where he had taught part- 
time in the 1 950s. 

Despite the general shortage 
of money. Robertson man- 
aged to attract funds' front 
various sources, including 
foundations, research councils 
and the British Library, as weU 
as industry. 

Throughout his career he 
wrote and published in a 
delightfully dear style and 
always with a wry sense of 
humour. . . 

His wife survives him. 


LIEUT-CDR 
A. R. C. ROWE 


MR GUY 
PULVERTAFT 




Lieutenam-Comraander A. 
R. C (Dickie) Rdwe, DSC 
founder and director of the 
Rehabilitation and Medical 
Research Trust, died on Au- 
gust 1. He was 63. 

He studied medicine at 
King's College. Cambridge, 
before breaking off to join the 
Navy, in which he staved until 
invalided out in 1954. He 
served on the Russian con- 
voys and was wounded in the 
Normandy landings. He was 
awarded the DSC for his 
bravery on D-Day. 

In 1954, he became deputy 
secretary of the Navy League 
and secretary of the Sea 
Cadets Sports Council. In 
1 968. with his wife. Peggy, and 
their two sons, he moved to 
Bath, where he started the 
Rehabilitation and Medical 
Research Trust' This supports 
28.mqjor research projects! 


/ H. writes: 

Mr Guy Pulvenaft. whose 
obituary you published on 
August 16, was a -heater d 
souls as well as hands, and a 
deeply religious person who 
lived by his Christian &ith. 

He was always interested in 
other people, and his main 
concent led him to countless 
kind acts. He spent several 
years after retirement visiting 
leprosy hospitals in Ethiopia 
and then raising money for 
this cause. 


Vv 


\ ! 


: i 
* i 


•1 • 


■ t ; 
. v * 




l - 







He was a superb raconteur 
and generous in the extreme. 
Though his nature made him 
not seek the forefront, by 
being himself he was them 
anyhow. 

His friends and his parish 
church of Hazelwood. Derby' 
shire, have lost an exceptional 
man. 




NU.'ARy ^s. 

IS * P v iRlrt 

l\.U l '»IV!';|jj l ^ Bfo 




Television 




• ' THE TIMES THURSDAY AUGUST 21 1986 

THE ARTS 

Maurice Bejart, in his Salzburg Festival production of Le Martyr de 
Saint Sebastien, has gone all too far, as Paul Griffiths reports 


■F - -i X k 


sjjujlfi. Hiaw never understood why 
a u some people remove their 
V.., clothes before committing *ni- 
.. ; dde.Itbfad«Miimersewtagh 
to confront file unfortunate 
' discoverers of yo«r body with 

• : such.** obvious display of 

Vj 1 - hsntan mortality without fwre- 
"> . h' ing on . them the dubious 

• ij ddigfats of your deathday safe 
htf MerafbBy, in Sturt Pat- 

■ erson!s eHtertainiag play Im 

I>««^( BBC ^ tliew oahi-be 
setf-terminator, Mr Gently 
v Mr '■‘••v.j only went halfway before let- 

- ting his car roll off the edge of 
• ,+J'b. adiff with himself inside. . •' 

' . Tjfc. . Fortunately, or not so fiwtu- 

- lately, he abo ended hj>, after 
hb motor bad .somersaulted 

■ • / itself to destruction, only half 
. , r . dead. Perhaps he was saved 

• -i from deaths chHI by the 

hf curious undergarment* that be 
*_■ ''•‘■5^ stripped down to, sort of track 
t suit long-johns whose surpris- 

■ ^ 54 u. ing appearance in this BBC 
1 :■*?' Scotland production only j 


■ ‘ i:C !t 
-■■■■■■■■ $ 


vulgar decadence 


* iM* 
- • -r „-'S5i 

. ■: : 1 tsC 




MR 

s 


v ’’ -~'-i -.1?' added to Sassenach bewilder- 
hv.^ meat about , what they wear 
' '• -ir-nO north of the bonier next to 
' . their skin- 

c ' ■ . It was less sutptbnag what 

Mr Gentle was next seen 
wearing next to his sidn — 

' plaster, of Baris, jaw-bradng, 

\\ IVTTm the faH regalia of that nmch- 
' 1 HROP loved comedy cfichfe, the man 
\Upri »> in traction. For the nest of the 

" v»£AXT Pl®y be was firmly set in the 

archetypal role in which he 
' i,; ' ^-SeSfe., had been cast, a helpless, 

‘ hospitalized observer, mum 

■: except for a relayed whisper j 

dedaring his support fiir i 

• K.T.- cw&. . ■ 

'--vvdtns 1 What he. was forced to 
vr . witness was a splendidly 
' acted, strongly scripted drama 
' r ' JT> - about agroup of delinquent 
. - Q ^ boys, let out of corrective 
■••• 1 custody to "cheer up n patients, 
jf-C who meet-two delinquent giris 
at his bedside. This somewhat 
. \ a. Connived encountm of . so jHf» 

foredt victims of. short, .sharp 
. w shocks, indulged itself spar- 
ingfy in tbe possflrffities for 
v: .* V Wadtxomedy, thos preventing 
. ^ its more serious coHnterpoint- 
- ing being swamped by force. 

‘./aJT The young cast vehemently 

traded rich, ■ coUoqnial di- 
, alogpe, their speech some- 
’ ' times sounding to contton 
■■••i’op.sai ears as decipherable as a 
jrjT. Coltrane mutation of a fomO- 
V-; iar time. . Meanwhile' Robert 
- Paterson as Mr Gentle stuck 
' to his script and acted his eyes 

k oot '. .. ■- - ; oyv— ■ . 

AndrewHirfop 


Apart from the new Penderecki 
opera, about which' -I. wrote on 
Tuesday, the most alanniag thing at 
Salzburg this year was Maurice 
Bgart’s productiqo of Le Martyre de 
Saint Sdastien, whfch in trium^mnt 
vulgarity parades the unpenorm- 
abflity of JAimuiizio’s “mystery" 
even whdi the text is cut to, I would 
guess, about a third of its length- The 
mystery, of course, is why Debussy 
should ever have got himself cn- 
. tan g l ed in the project, unless, the 
incentive was simply financial. But 
his' involvement has left the jproUem 
of some marvellous muac being 
allied with an interminable Kturgy, 
slow and sdfedoring, of die body 
beautiful 

The most obvious solution is the 
drastic one of almost eliminating the 
text and presenting the work as & 
Ballet, as Lifer did in his Barm 
production of 1957. Bc£art is disas- 
trously more generous to cTAnnun- 
zio, and has his dan cer s swanning 
around declaiming the verse of lilies 
and kurels, of the sweet-martyrdom 
undergone by Sebastian at the hands 
of his brother archers. The homo- 
erotic nature of the ; eatexpnse, which . 
needed no emphasis, is celebrated in 
the costuming to the point of self- 
parody: the entry of the emperor and 
bis mates, in scraps of gladiatorial 
gear, is perhaps intended as a token of 
imperial decadence, but it is too 
much of a piece with the reft. Of 
course, the whole slant of the piece is 
altered when the saint is played not 
by a female dancer, as in toe original 
and most subsequent productions, 
but by a man in white bathing trunks, 
especially when that man is a 
beautiful young Moor, Eric Vu An. 

- It is aO very d if fe re nt from toe 
courteousness ofMozart and Strauss, 
both of whose Countess operas were 
in the repertory. The choice of Figun . 
was perhaps inevitable in the bi- 
centenary year, bat one may wish the 
occasion had merited a new produc- 
tion: Ponndle's is now well whis- 
kered, and had been in- cold storage, 
for six years before this outing. It 
refused to- come to life, though 
petoaps toe fundamental difficulty is 
: toe 'wry. size of ' toe Grosses . 
Festspietoaus for such a piece. James 
Levine, conducting a highly-coloured 
o rch estral performance, had some 
problems in achieving ensemble with ' 
the ringers, and pre s uma bly the 
acting of James Morris’s urbane 
Alma viva and Ferruccio Furianetto’s 
likeable Figaro had To be on a broad 
srate in order to mate any impact. 

. : The great glory of the. evening was 
in toe : singing of toe three leading - : 
ladies, -which made- this a- distinctly 
Stiaussian opera. iAicia' Popp lav- 


Costumed in self-parody: the entry of the Emperor and his improbable entosrage in Le Martyr it Saha Sibastien 


ished her ready creaminess on the 
Countess, though refrained from 
going very deeply into the character 
toe result was an oddly happy, 
nonchalant per forma nce. Kathleen 
Battle was on stunning form as 
Susanna, particularly in her- last-act 
aria, which was absolutely -clear, 
controlled and joyful and certainly 
enough to compensate for a slightly 
suprising lack of comedy (this was 
altogether an unfunny Figaro). Diana 
Montague scored a great personal 
success with her (Tnerubino, so 
winningly acted that one prayed for 
her to get through “Voi che sapete" 
without a hitch: the prayers were 
answered with a performance of 
daring, intelligence and charm. 

The Gapricrio was a revival of the 
Johannes Schaaf production I .saw 
last year. With the same singers in aD 
toe main rales, it has now achieved a 
graceful fluency and richness, and I- 


AM>RI 



Promenade Concert 


vigour 


-.British musical life. 

His way with Haydn is 
notably characterful: vigor- 
ous, strongly favouring big 
sonorities (for which - toe 
“Military" Symphony, -No 
100 , . .provides plenty of 
opportunities), hot as yet suf- 
ficiently alive to the chirpy 
witticisms in the music (toe 
Presto finale had especially 
undue sobriety) hot. com- 
mendably meticulous about 
observing Haydn's phrasing 
marks. The approach worked 
best in toe Allegretto, where 
toe divided violas seized then- 
moments of gloiy delightfully, 
and the percussion entry car- 
ried all before ft. 

In the Strauss there was 
even greater opportunity to 
admire this orchestra's all-, 
round soloistic- prowess, hut 
before that toe 'focus was 
firmly on Ralph Kirshbaum, 
who gave a highly expressive 
yet never over-played account 
of Schumann's Cello Con- 
certo. 

Apart from one miscalcu- 
lated leap in the first move- 
ment, and a momentary slip 
in the finale'spassageworic, hfe 
technique - was in excellent 
shape; the intonation of his 
double-stopping In the cele- 
brated accompanied cadenza 
could hardly have been 
sweeter. Allied to this was a 
generally tight but well- varied 
timbre and a range of articula- 
tion that extended from an 
ardent cantabile at toe con- 
certo's opening to a scamper- 
ing clarity . in the ubiquitous 
semiquaver runs of the finale. 

Richard Morrison 


. ECO/Tate 

' t: ; . Albert H?ll/Radio 3 

r -px'c At ? some point in the past 
. . -v decade the “Gilbert and 
c . •:> Sullivan” and “Viennese” 
. -z nights were .discreetly dropped 
from the Proms. Frivolity , is 
now officially discouraged, ex- 
cept qf rturse during that fiag- 
' " . waving and fimny-hais spec- 
‘ '.l.-- tacular on September I5i This 
’* does 'not necessarily imply 
• '* ■*. - that a- high artistic raison 
ifftre can be detected for each 

- . of 60 - consecutive concerts.' 
■ * V- Tuesday, night’s, for instance, 

t'« -■■*. sosmed »very much a make- 
weight occasion, utoicto no one 
' l aftje^ed too concerned about 
f*; starting - (it was past 7.40 

• ■- before Jeffiey Tate lifted his 

-'baton),. 

.’-.i - .- ’ The' audience caught the 
casual mood too, or at least 'a 
’ section did. After the interval 
■ some -revellers managed the 
itmarkable feat of returning 
. . ■‘during the fifth movement of 
Strauss’s Le Bourgeois Gentil - 
....•v* homme . suite, who would 
have thought. that toe Albert 
HalPs bars exerted such a 
lengthy, fascination? 

The English Chamber Orch- 
‘ «tra’s- music-making, tn- 

- ddenially, was highly com- 
. ' ,■ petent;' and there .was further 

• \ lestiraony to toe dependabil- 

• oF Tate’s interpretations 
^ - V over a wide repertoire. That is 
. - s ; just as welt as priiiciial 

conductor of both the RoyaT 
Opera an'd toe ECO, -and now 
■ an impo riant EMI recording 
.. ' artist, "he is going to be rather 

• an inescapable- presence in 


: Ourselves Alone , the 
play by Anne Devlin - 
(right) set in Belfast 
after the hunger strikes, 
has graduated from the 
Theatre Upstairs to the 
Royal Quirt^proper, 
commencing Reviews 
tonight: interview by 
Andrew Hislop 

A ritual of 
grabbing 
at fleeting 



found much more to like in Horst 
Stein’s conducting, though toe 
Klein es Festspielhaus has too strident 
an acoustic for the opalescent colours 
of this score. Anna Tomowa-Sintow 
still offers a. beautiful flow of almost 
wordless tone, seeming to remain in . 
flat contentment outride toe drama 
when she should be its centre of 
sensitive response. Tnideliese 
Schmidt as Clairon was in dis- 
appointing voice, but Franz Grund- 
heber as Olivier has grown to become 
the most rounded character in the 
opera, and toe one who best attains 
the marriage of beautiful sound and 
meaningful expression that is its 
subject 

The other opera, which I did not 
see this year, was Carmen, with 
Karajan again conducting his own 
productiomHe is still to judge fronr 
pubtic reaction to his performance of . 
Bruckner’s Eighth Symphony with. 




Rock 



lit pi' 

l Hi 




SatvdayZJAupat at 745pm . BARBICAN HALL 

t ACADEMY OF 
ANCIENT MUSIC 


SCHUBERT ..STmphofiyNoS 

HAYQN TnanpciCooceno 

BEETHOVEN Symphony No5 

CHRISTOPHER HOGWOGD cxmductor 


SeatPpces£S,Xg.£7.t6^£5.£4 Hall 01-638^17628 8795 




.. 






When catching leaves yon 
cannot wait for them to flutter 
down to you. You must look 
up, reach up, follow the flight 
then pounce. Anne Devlin 
mimed a demonstration dur- 
ing the rehearsals for Our- 
selves Alone, her much-praised 
first stage play, set in port- 
hunger-strike Belfast which 
after two successful stints at 
the Royal Court's Theatre 
Upstairs goes into preview 
tonight in a new production in 
the main house. 

The playwright was a reluc- 
tant performer. The director, 
Simon Curtis, still .young 
enough for his bundled phys- 
ical intensity to be more a pose 
than a posture, even tried, 
only, half jokingly, to obscure 
my view of toe demonstra- 
tion. He cannot have bad any 
fear about his writer’s accom- 
plished performance. Perhaps 
toe shyness was due to toe 
significance of the ritual which 
is acted out in the play by two 
loveis bound up in the 
complexities of the Troubles. 
Tradition has it that for each 
leaf you catch you will have a 
happy day the next year. In 
Belfast you grab what happi- 
ness you can, 

. .Anne Devlin, daughter of 
Paddy Devlin, toe retired 
i Northern Irish Labour, poli- 
[ tidati and trade unionist, has 
chosen to seek her happiness 
living in England with her son 
and second husband. She 
admits that it provides some 
relief from what a character in 
one of her award-winning 
television plays. The Lang 
March, calls “the weight of 
, being Irish”. But, like so many 
exiled writers, she remains 
obsessed with what she' left 
behind:' “The more 1 write 
about getting away, the more I 
, bo back." She handed over the 


script of Ourselves Alone at the 
quayside before taking the 
ferry home. 

She resents toe feet that, 
when she does go home, she 
finds that there is “a great 
dislike of people who do not 
live in Belfast and who go 
away and write about ft", as if 
Those who find relief from toe 
agit-prop brutalities of Uls- 
ter’s living theatre should be 
denied access to their own 
memory and imagination. 
When filming the lid-banging 
scene in. The. Long March this 
tension between life and art 
nearly led to a violent 
confrontation, thoughit found 
more peaceful humorous ex- 
pression on another shoot 
when a make-up woman mis- 
took a nun friend of hers for 
an actress and tried to coat her 
natural purity in greasepaint. 

Anne Devlin was recently 
even accused by one journalist 
of turning Belfast into a tourist 
attraction. Deciduous delights 
notwithstanding, it is difficult 
to see Ourselves Alone filling 
the Seal ink ferries - at least 
with visitors to Northern Ire- 
land. What it does do . is 
provide an imaginative under- 
standing of the personal as 
well as the political problems 
of some of those involved in 
the Troubles. The play centres 
on the lives of three women in 
a Provisional IRA family. 
Anne Devlin says that it is one 
of toe least autobiographical 
of her works but admits that, 
in writing it. she was working 
out some of her own problems 
m reconciling the personal 
and toe political 

Educated as a Catholic but 
influenced, by her father's 
Socialist rather than Repub- 
lican views, she herself was 
politically active in the earty 
days of toe Civil Rights Move- 


ment For a long time she 
admits, she approached poli- 
tics from an abstract theoreti- 
cal viewpoint But increa- 
singly her “political education 
did not match what I was 
feeling”. Now she thinks that 
“how you behave on a per- 
sonal level must be a part of 
how you behave politically”. 
She is no longer prepared to 
offer solutions and believes 
that political processes should 
be judged for what they offer 
now rather than for what they 
promise for toe future; “If 
you're required to die for a 
cause it has to offer something 
better than what you've got. 
Let's look at our relationships, 
look at what we've goL If you 
butcher and murder and IdEU to 
get somewhere ft won't stop 
when you get there. 1 " 

Her subjective approach to 
political problems even in- 
cludes the unconscious mind 
which “isn't taken into 
consideration when people 
start working out plans for a 
new Ireland”. She, however, 
takes it very much into 
consideration in her .writing, 
particularly in her short sto- 
ries, a collection of which Is to 
be published by Faber and 
Faber in the autumn, One of 
them toe literally dreamt up. 

She started writing late and 
at 35 regards herself as “quite 
old to be a young writer”. Her 
first novel is yet to be written 
but more than likely it will 
also return her, imaginatively 
at least to her homeland. 
Those who have foiled to find 
a solution to their problems 
with the bullet or the ballot- 
box, with sacred texts, biblical 
or political will be ill-advised 
to reject unheard the voice' of 
an exile who knows how to 
pluck happiness out of thin 
air. 


It Bites 
Marquee 

With rock now aimlessly en- 
compassing such an enormous 
variety of music, and support- 
ing an ' engulfing legacy of 
songs and acts few of which it 
seems can ever be considered 
completely defunct, it is a rare 
feat for a new, young band, 
with no track-record as in- 
dividuals, to achieve a num- ; 
ber six placing with only their i 
second single release. 

Add to this toe facts that 
“Oiling All toe Heroes” is an 
original composition and that 
it* was promoted with a mini- 
mum of hype, and the results 
begin to look freakish, if not 
unique in I9S6. 

The group who have moved 
with, such unexpected ease 
into toe present stylistic vac- 
uum are three presentable lads 
from Cumbria, and a key- 
board pfoyer who iooksabitof 
a twerp, also from Cumbria. 

Taking as their reference 
point the progressive rock 
approach which reached its 
nadir in the mid-Severnies, It 
Bites charged with astonishing 
precision through a set of 
songs littered with toe in- 
fluences of technoflash bands 
like Yes, Argent and Gentle 
Giant, but gilded with more 
acute pop melodies and even 
vaguer lyrics than those bands 
generally display. 

The moving-target appro- 
ach to their complex arrange- 
ments was redolent of toe way 
in which David Hockney’s 
“cut up” Polaroid photo- 
graphs form mosaics from 
dismembered sections of 
roughly the same picture, a 
. startling technique which can 
become tiresome. 

. Despite the seductive vocal 
harmonies, “Once Around the 
World” got hoped down in a 
sequence of hideously tortu- 
ous twists and gratuitous 
rhythm-changes. But the met- 
hod worked better on “Screa- 
ming on toe Beaches’* and 
“You'll Never go to Heaven” 
where the vocalist, Frank 
Duhnery. blond and bare- 
shouldered like a model in a 
holiday brochure, played ajiy 
guitar lines interspersed with 
liquid, fort jazz-rock runs in 
an Allan Hoidswonh vein. 

But, while toe music suc- 
ceeds as a slick common 
denominator between tech- 
nical rock credibility and pop 
success, ft is a peculiarly 
soulless hybrid. They should 
worry. The solitary flickering 
lighter, raised aloft in homage 
by a figure in toe audience, 
was doubtless an indication of 
the stadium triumphs in store. 

David Sinclair 


EDINBURGH FESTIVAL 
Theatre: Sarah Hemming 

Poetic symbols of 
noble passion 



the Vienna Philharmonic, the prince 
of Salzburg. The performance itself 
though, was curiously unengaging. 
Partly the fault was that of the 
acoustic, which produces a sound 
with, little bass but much brightness 
(one felt sorry for the players of 
cymbals and triangle; on stage for an 
hour and a quarter just to crown toe 
climax of toe slow movement, and 
then to be almost lost in the 
clamorous treble of the rest). Of 
course there was still much sheer 
magnificence from the brass and, 
strings of this incomparable or- 
chestra, but one was only so con- 
scious of that because toe work was 
being more laid out than transmitted. 
One felt that it would, like a 
magnificent window display, have 
been precisely the same if no audi- 
ence had been present, as if Karajan's 
aloofness has become an awesome 
-aloneness. 


Yenna 

Lyceum 

Returning to the festival to 
mark toe fiftieth anniversary' 
of Lorca's death, toe Nuria 
Espert Company's production 
of his Yenna still had toe 
audience rising to their feet. 

Dating from 1934. Lorca's 
play tells of a childless Spanish 
peasant woman whose longing 
for a child becomes an ob- 
session governing her life. It is 
a richly poetic semi-symbolic 
play bringing the destructive 
noble passion of tragedy to a 
socially unelevated heroine 
and to toe fundamental realm 
of creation itself, while at the 
same lime speaking volumes 
about a rural male-orientated 
society where a woman’s 
fulfilment and honour is 
deemed to lie in bearing 
children. 

In Yenna herself then Lorca 
creates an almost symbolic 
figure, a tragic heroine and yet 
a character vibrating with 
individuality and life — and it 
is the achievement of this 
combination that makes the 
performance of Nuria Espert 
magnificent: noble, statuesque 
and yet tremendously human. 
This quality is reflected in toe 
production itself, which is 
staged to fuse beautifully a 
sense of life and reality with 
symbolic status. 

The whole play takes place 
on an immense metaphorical 
set. A huge triangular tram- 
poline fills toe stage and juts 
out into the auditorium, 
billowing, sinking and ul- 
timately rising like a swelling 
womb or crushing desire 
looming over toe audience. 
On this the cast scramble and 
roll dominated yet undaunted 
by it and all toe while bringing 


across toe sense of heat and 
the rural landscape to which 
Yenna constantly refers and 
in whose fertility she sees 
reproach. 

Yerma ’herself begins as 
almost a young girl, embrac- 
ing her foie, accepting her 
arranged marriage sterile of 
real love, but longing for a 
child. As the longing becomes 
excessive. Espert transforms 
gradually and masterfully 
from an eager girl-like inno- 
cence and anxiety to a middle- 

aged woman governed by 
remorseless, gnawing passion. 
What might be seen as a tragic 
flaw in her attains its own 
nobility through her devotion 
to an unbreakable albeit false 
code of honour. 

She becomes a woman 
haunted by the need for 
fulfilment yet incapable of 
reaching emancipation, her 
desire for Victor (Juan Sala) 
remaining unpursued while 
she keeps her barren honour 
to an unsympathetic, chau- 
vinistic husband (Joan Mi- 
ralles). 

There is no plot as such, just 
a narrative of gradually inten- 
sifying feeling until toe point 
where Yerma stifles the poten- 
tial for her ruling desire to be 
realized. The cast work su- 
perbly as a whole to develop 
this, toe sage-like old woman 
(a wonderfully bawdy, world- 
weary performance from 
Vicky Lagos) and the exu- 
berant vitality and sexuality of 
toe chorus of local village girls 
both cutting against toe grain 
of Yerma's deepening solitude 
and intensifying it. until the 
whole production, bursting 
with energy, builds to such a 
pitch that it is released only by 
Yerma's final action, at which 
point Espert becomes bitterly 
and beautifully radiant. 



On life's trampoline, dominated yet undaunted 

Theatre in London 


Nightshriek 

Shaw 


Celebrating its thirtieth 
anniversary, the National 
Youth Theatre has chosen to 
present a musical version of 
Macbeth by a 22-year-old 
named Trisha Ward. By toe 
time that those of this com- 
pany who progress to pro- 
fessional careers have reached 
maturity, most of the Wert 
End will probably be given 
over to musicals anyway, so it 
may not be a bad idea for 
-them to get in plenty of 
practice from toe start. 

There is. of course, another 
theory, which says that young 
actors should more property 
be encouraged to train in the 
expression of character and 
emotion. And when, as here, 
the chosen idiom is toe rock 
opera one is left with a stage 
full of pleasant young men and 
women enthusiastically aping 
the values of the rather tired 
convention that began with 
Pete Townshend of the Who. 
The sum effect is lowering, 
bland and immensely well- 
meaning. 

Miss Ward's music, lyrics 
and book (“with acknowledge- 


ments to Shakespeare”) tell 
the story of toe Scottish play 
in 27 numbers, most of them 
commendably short and sev- 
eral of them ambitiously 
staged on Brian Lee’s bare set 
of steeply-raked catwalk, cir- 
cular dais and corrugated 
plastic walls. 

Stray gobbets of toe original 
text are hooked into the 
scheme. Michael Hobbs as 
Macbeth actually sings “Is this 
a dagger I see before me?” to a 
surging disco beat; unfortu- 
nately, the object in question 
more nearly resembles an 
outsize hypodermic of clear 
plastic. On first meeting the 
weird sisters, he sings “I don't 
believe a word they have to 
say” before they have said or 
sung anything of significance. 

The ensemble singing is 
exuberant and toe dancing 
energetically proficient. The 
music, delivered by a hidden 
six-piece rock band, is in- 
formed by most of toe cliches 
of middle-of-the-road pop, 
and the singing (with toe 
brave exception of Liz Carling 
as Lady Macduff) follows suit. 
Directed by Edward Wilson, 
toe first night was received 
with unbounded fervour. 

Martin Cropper 


CmCHESTERfestival THEATRE 

A tunny thing 

HAPPENED ON IWE WXnbIHERKUM 

"FRANKIE HOWERD.. 

IS THE GLORY OF THE EVENING" 

TIMES 

"IN FINE FORM" 

GUARDIAN 

"AMONG THE GREAT COMEDIANS" 

MAIL ON SUNDAY 

"A WONDERFULLY RELIABLE STAR WHOSE 

SPIRIT FILLS THE THEATRE" 

□Any mail 

"MASTERFUL COMIC TIMING" 

M«» —AM 

"STEPHEN SONDHEIM'S 

SPARKLING MUSIC AND LYRICS . . . 
WHAT A GENIUS THAT MAN ISi . . ." 

SUNDRY EXPRESS 

"A TIMELESS MUSICAL" 

WEST SUSSEX EVENING ARGUS 

"THE GIRLS ARE STUNNERS" 

FINANCIAL TMES 

"FUNNY SUPPORTING PERFORMANCES 
FROM RONNIE STEVENS, PATRICK CARGILL. 
DEREK ROVLE AND LEON GREENE." 

TIMES 

"MTRICK CARGILL IS A HOOT .. . 

. AS ARE FRED EVANS AND DEREK ROYLE" 

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gS^BOX OFFICE TELEPHONE: 0243 781312 

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. 14 


THE TIMES THURSDAY AUGUST 211 986 


M25 is to get its extra lane at a cost of £20m 


By Michael Bally, Transport Editor 


The Government boned to 
pressure yesterday to expand 
London's overcrowded M2S 
orbital motorway, with plans 
for a £20 million extra lane in 
each direction on the busiest 
section between the A30 at 
Staines and the A317 at 
Cheitsey. 

Work is expected to start in 
the anninm of next year and 
finish by tbe end of 1988 on a 
5-6-mfie stretch where peak 
traffic Teaches 120,000 ve- 
hicles a day, compared with a 
design maxhnnm of about 
80,000, and jams several miles 
long, regularly bnfld up in the 
morning ami evening rush 
hours. 

A study into lane expansion 
elsewhere on the 120-mile 
motorway was also promised 
by Mr Peter Bottoraley, the 
Department of Transporrmin- 
ister In charge of roads. 

He also promised immedi- 
ate improvements to road 
mar kings and traffic signs ■ 
desigmml to improve lane disci- 
pline on the crowded south- 
west sector of the motorway 
between Staines and the A3 at 
Wisley. These changes will 
cost about £100,000 and 
should be completed by 
Christmas. 

The - Government moves 
come after an analysis by The 
Times in May suggesting that 
the £1,000 million motorway 
is already so congested that 
extra lanes will be needed for 


about a third of its length at a 
cost of up to £500 milliouu 

An .announcement is ex- 
pected soon of a further refief 
measure in the form of a third 
tihtnd carrying the motorway 
under tbe Thames atDartford, 
where holidaymakers heading 
for the Channel ports have 
suffered delays of up to two 
boms this summer. 

Ministers have been reluc- 
tant until now to sanction 
expansion of the M25 because 
such action before the initial 
work is completed — the final 
section Unking in the Al and 
Ml is due . to open this 
autumn — would expose their 
underestimates oflikely traffic 
flows. 


But congestion is now 
becoming so serious that there 
are fears of traffic being forced 
back on to local roads, defeat- 
ing the purpose of the motor- 
way. 

The RAC said yesterday 
that the Government an- 
nouncement would be ap- 
plauded by the thousands of 
motorists who daily suffered 
frustrating delays because of 
the motorway's inadequate 
design. 

“The proposal to add a 
fourth lane in each direction 
will speed a cure for traffic 
thrombosis which Is daily 
Mocking this vital artery", Mr 
Jack Smeaton, the chib's pub- 
lic policy manager, said. 



Heavy traffic on the M25 orbital motorway near Chertsey (looking south) and (right, inset) the section of 

the road where the widening work is to be done. 


Stalker set to face 10 counts 


Continued from page 1 

neys which are the subject of 
the allegations all concerned 
his civic duties. 

It has been said that this 
kind of short journey is com- 
monly undertaken by senior 
officers Mr Stalker's extra 
defence is that on at least three 
occasions he was using the 
police vehicle, rather than his 
own. for extra security after.a 
Special Branch tip-off that he 
was under IRA surveillance 
because of inquiry he was 
leading into an alleged shoot- 
lo-km policy' by the. Royal 
Ulster Constabulary. 

He has since been removed 
from that investigation and 
replaced by Mr Sampson. ' 

The report is understood to 
have made it clear that the 
allegations against Mr Stalker 
had no connection with his 


Northern- Ireland Investiga- 
tion. M15 or the freemasons, 
as has been variously 
suggested. 

It is now acknowledged that 
the inquiry against Mr Stalker 
began within his own force 
when officers were conducting 
a separate investigation into 
Mr Taylor. 

A report on that inquiry is 
now with the fraud division of 
the Director of Public Pros- 
ecutions. A spokesman said 
they were now awaiting a 
more complete report from 
detectives in Manchester. 

Mr Stalker has offered to 
appear before tomorrow's 
meeting of the Police Author- 
ity to answer any questions. It 
is also believed that Mr Samp- 
son will attend. 

Mr Stalker said . last night: 
"All I ask is that 1 am not 


judged with the benefit of 
hindsight after an intensive 
investigation by a team of 
detectives, but rather on the 
situation as I knew it in 1981." 


Asked about his reaction to 
appearing before a tribunal, 
Mr Stalker said: “I have 
nothing to fear from such a 
tribunal, but would be sorry 
and would regret such a move 
because of the extra burden 
and .strain such a very expen- 
sive, and complex procedure 
would place on my family. 

"I do not think it is nec- 
essary. If I am being accused 
of bringing discredit on the 
Greater Manchester police 
force and of misusing its 
vehicles then I should be 
judged by the Greater Man- 
chester Police Authority. 


Sampson profile, page 2 


Turkish raid 
may have 
killed 200 


Ankara (Reuter) — A Turk- 
ish air raid on Kurdish guer- 
rilla hideouts in northern Iraq 
last Friday killed between ISO 
and 200 people. Mr Turgui 
OzaL the Turkish Prime Min- 
ister. was quoted as saying. 

The mass circulation daily- 
newspaper MilUyet reported 
yesterday that he gave the 
figure to a villager while 
touring rural areas near An- 


kara on Tuesday.**They say 


around 1 50 to 200 people were 
they tel! 


killed- This is what 
me." he was quoted as saying. 

Spokesmen at the Foreign 
and Prime Ministries said 
they could not say if the report 
was accurate. 

Milliyet also quoted “for- 
eign sources" as saying 300 
people were killed. 


Violent footballers warned 


Continued from page 1 

was not referring to the occa- 
sions when, in die heat of the 
game, a tackle “went over the 
top". But there had been 
incidents were there was “ab- 
solutely no excuse" for engag- 
ing in any violent activity on 
the pitch. 


Yesterday the Attorney 
General's department in Lon- 
don said it would be “consid- 
ering if Mr Fraser's remarks 
have any implications 1 for 
England and Wales" A simi- 
lar new tough line to prosecute 
players could not be ruled out. 
he added. 


Yesterday The Scottish 
Football Association wel- 
comed the Solicitor General's 
warning, made in the after- 
math of unprecedented 
punishment meted out to two 


Scottish soccer clubs after a 
Fight between Rangers and 
Hibernian at the Easter Road. 
Edinburgh, in the first match 
of the season. 

“Incidents like that at 
Easter Road can spark off 
trouble off the field. That is 
why we took the unprece- 
dented step of disciplining 
every player involved in the 
melee." Mr William Richard- 
son, assistant secretary of the 
SFA. said. 

The SFA fined Glasgow 
Rangers and and Hibernian 
football clubs and penalize the 
players after all but the Hiber- 
nian goalkeeper were involved 
in a brawl in a Premier 
Division match on August 9. 
the opening day of the Scottish 
football season. 


iour on the pitch has generally 


been left to the disciplinary 
footb 


procedures of the football 
associations. There have been 
occasional private prosecu- 
tions for assault brought by 
one player against another, 
but the police and the courts 
have not usually been 
involved. 

Last year police in South 
Wales prosecuted two rugger 
players for violent behaviour. 
The prosecutions were first 
referred to the Director of 
Public Prosecutions because 
of their unusual nature. 


Until now violent behav- 


Yesterday tbe Football 
Association said - if players 
broke FA rules they were 
disciplined. It lad not been 
the association's policy to 
promote the idea of people 
being taken to court 


Tories 
poised to 
dismiss 
editor 


of . Vo*' .Igencfa to bejnib 


lished in mid-August oeiicv- 
ing it would be published next 
month to coincide with the 


FCS half-yearly meeting and 
the launch - of 


their tertiary 
recruiting campaign. 

In the article. Count Nikolai 
repeated allegations in his 
book. The Minister and the 
Massacres, that the then Mr 
Harold Macmillan was res- 
ponsible for the deaths of 
40.000 Cossacks by sending 
them back to Stalin's Russia 
in 1945. 

An incensed Mr Tebbit 
denounced the attack as 
“disgraceful", and lawyers act- 
ing for him obtained a High 


Court injunction restraining 
further disirib 


ibution of .the 

magazine. 

They also served writs for 
libel, misrepresentation and 
breach of contract on Mr 
Phibbs and the magazine's 
primers. : 

Mr Phibbs has promised to 
abide by. the injunction, al- 
though not before rushing oat 
2.000 copies of the magazjne 
without the party imprint. ' 


THE TIMES INFORMATION SERVICE 


Today’s events 


Exhibitions In progress. 

Hans Christian Andersen: 
illustrations and papennmings; 
The Danish Cultural Institute, 3 
Doune Terrace, Edinburgh; 
Mon to Fri 10 to 5 (ends Aug 
29). 

Eric Ravilious: hfc life and 
work; Towner Art Gallery, East- 
bourne; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 
2 to 5 (ends Sept 21). 

Work- try the Lake Artists 
Society: New Hall, Grasnere; 
Mon to Sat 10 to 5.30, Sun 2 to 5 
(ends Sept II). 


Gallery. Roselle Park, Ayr Mon 
to Sat 11 to 5. Sun 2 to 5 (ends 
Aug 31). 

Constructed Narratives: pho- 


tographs by Qanm Colvin and 
Ron O'Donnell; Pl y mou th Arts 
Centre, 36 Looe St; Mon 10 to 5, 
Tues to Sat 10 to 8, Sun 5 to & 
(ends Aug 23). 

Tassie: portraitist of the Scot- 
tish Enlightenment (ends Sept 
30): Printed light the scientific 
art of William Henry Fox 
Talbot and D. O. Hill with 
Robert Adamson (ends Oct 26); 
Scottish National Portrait Gal- 
lery, Queen St, Edinburgh; Mon 
to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 to 5. 

Lighting ' Up tbe Landscape: 
French impressionism and its 
origins; National Gallery of 
Scotland, Tbe Mound, 


bnrah: Mon to Sat' 10 to 5, Sun 2 
to x(e 


to Spends Ocl-1 9). 

Impressions of an Irish 
Countess; Ulster Museum. Bot- 
anic Gardens, Belfast; Mon to 
Fri 10 to 5, Sat 1 to 5, Sun 2 to 5 
(ends Aug 31). 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,130 

This puzzle was solved wixhln 30 minutes by 10 per cent of the 
competitors m the London A Regional Final of the 1986 Collins Dic- 


tionaries Times Crossword Championship. 



ACROSS 

1 Resinous stuff essential fora 


4 Excuse tor a celebration (8). 

10 Cause trouble, as Adam and 
Eve were bound to do (5.4). 

11 He was waited on by two 
footmen (5). 

12 Ancient Greek dictionary is 
up for revision (7). 

13 In the inner ear you hear 
sound of small stream (7). . 

14 French religious historian's 
girl in the Fleet (5). 

15 A safe-breaker! Chap must 
be after a prison cell! (8). 

18 The way to encourage fish 
(8L 

20 Preserve this second to none 
sen ice! (5). . 

23 At the first sign of the guillo- 
tine the mob.fafl.down (7). 

25 Film the public can see free 
17). 

26 King* gets a drink (5). . 

27 Almost a disaster, that visit 
next door! (5.4). 

28 Difficult sailors right round 

the bend (8). - 

29 listen to a race result (6), 


5 The place for the patient 
seeker after knowledge 
(10.4). 

6 Guru — a possible sooth- 
sayer (5). 

7 In the country, in charge of 
the sighs (7). 

8 After tax. a woman's is 
■ lower (6). 

•9 Means by which crook 
fleeces parents? (5.9). 

16 Buoyant about being Mum 
around one (9). 


17 Sloping garden incorporat- 
ing split level (8). 

19 Offensive response that 
could make one cry (4-3). 

21 Ignorant girl has something 
to sell (7). 

22 Time - and perhaps whafs 

■ to be done with it (6). 

24' Foundation runs lower (5). 


Solution to Puzzle No 17.129 


DOWN 

1 It was once Port Said, they 
. say (8). 

2 Rebuked when caught, and 
pul away (7). • 

3 When Americans come to 
drink - what a surprise 1 LS- 



History of shell collecting; Art 
Gallery and Museum, Kelvin- 
grove, Glasgow; Mon to Sat 10 
to 5. Sun 2 to 5 (ends Sept 28). 

Work by Jock McFadyen and 
Stephen McKenna: City Art 
Gallery, Mosley St, Manchester; 
Mon to Sat 10 to 6 (ends Aug 
31). 

The Domesday Tradition: 
surveys and maps in East Sus- 
sex; The Bayeux Tapestry; Mu- 
seum and Art Gallery, Johns 
Place, Cambridge Rd, Hastings; 
Mon to Sat 10 to !,2to5,Sun3 


to 5 (ends Sept 7). 

i Hogan 


William Hraanh 1697-1764 
(ends Dec 1); Rembrandt 1606- 
1669 (ends Nov 1); The 
Whitworth Art Gallery, Man- 
chester University, Whitworth 
Park; Mon to Sat 10 to 5. Thors 
10 to 9. 

Paintings and prints by 40 
artists; Dee Fine Arts, 182 
Telegraph Rd, Howell; Mon to 
Sat 10 to 1 and 2.15 to 5 (ends 
Sept 6). 

Last chance to see 
■ Boundaricsflandscape photo- 
graphic world tjy Thomas Coo- 
per. Hamish Fulton, Andrew 
Ginn, Goto and Each us, Jim 
Harold, Roger Palmer and Ouis 
Wamwrigfat; Cambridge Dark- 
room, Dues Brewery, Gwydir 
St Cambridge, 12 «b 6. 

Music • 

Piano recital by lain Bum- 
side; Jubilee HaD, AMebmgh, 
6.15. 

Concert by the National 
Children’s Orchestra; The Me- 
morial Halt St Peter’s School, 
York. 730. 

Recital by Tbe Endeflion 
String Quartet; De La Warr 
Pavilion, Bexhffl, 8. 

Organ recital by William 
Brown; Parish Church, Swan- 
age, S. . 

. Gloucester Three Chous Fes- 
tival:' Concert by the Amaryllis 
Consort; Prinknash Abbey, nr 
Cheltenham, 11; Conceit try the 
Gloucester Festival Chorus and 
London Mozart Players. 2J0; 
Concert by tbe Royal Liverpool 
Philharmonic Orchestra with 
Marius May (cello). 8; GJouces- 
ter.CatbedraL 
Talks, lectures ' 

Before the English were Chris- 
tians. by Charles Wyndbam; 
Castle Museum, Nottingham, l. 
General 


New books — paperback 


The Deputy Literary Editor's selection of in terest i ng books published this 
week: 

FICTION 

Listen, Tbe Wind and other stories, by Roger Mais (Longman. £250) 
hi tbe Castle of My Skin, by George Lamming (Lonjjnan, EJL95) 

The Last Museum, by Brion Gysin (Faber. £T “ 
by Rachel Bffington (Biack Swan, 

Satan Chapel, by Mrs 0$hant {Virago, £3.95} 

NON-FICTION 

Tha Disappeared, by John Simpson and Jana Bennett (Sphere. E4. 

The Etrapeqf Oiaitea H after the Battle of Wo rcester, tty HJchard 


(Constable, £6 j 95) 
TheConquo 


of the Sahara, 

Modem 

Tha Craft at Writing 

EL95) 


Porch 

J® 

by Jean 


£5.95} 
£555) 
(Allison & 


Sea eagle success 


While- tailed rea eagles have 
bred successfully in Scotland for 
the second year running accord- 
ing to the’Royal Society for the 
Protection of Birds. Under tbe 


Sea Eagle Project, a scheme run 
5PB, Nature Conser- 


by tbe RSI 
vancy Council, Scottish Wildlife 
Trust and the Intitule of 
Tenestial Ecology, a pair, which 
bred last year, have successfully 
raised two chicks. 

The binds, which first at- 
tempted to breed in 1983, have 
been guarded round the clock by 
wardens of the RSPB at a secret 
nest site. Tbe special protection 
scheme was funded by Eagle 
Star Insurance and ran by the 
RSPB with the cooperation of 
local landowners. 


Best wines 


Roads 


The Midlands: A46: Road- 
works at the Winthoipe round- 
about on the approach road 
from Lincoln into Newark. A52: 
Single line traffic and temprary 
lights cause delays, Grantham. 
A3& Lane closures northbound 
on the Ripley bypass, Derby- 
shire. 


Wales and West: M4: Lane 
restrictions between junctions 
44 and 45 near Swansea. A354: 


Temporary lights NE of Bland- 
, Don 


In a blind tasting of 66 wines 
of Pouilly Fume and Sancerre 
the following wines which are 
still available were judged .as 
being excellent value: 

Sancerre 1984 Domains Fes 
eanreaards, J. Salisbury (01- 
921 6000). £4.45. 

Poollly Fame 1984 
egneneaa. Lay & 

. 206-67261). £5^0. 

Source: Wine, August 1986. 


ford Forum, Dorset A5: Single 
line traffic (24 hours) between 
Go bo wen and Chirk, Clywd. 

Tbe North: Al (Mb Various 
lane closures southbound be- 
. tween Burtreeand Sinderby, Co 
Durham. M6: Lane restrictions 
between junctions 32 and 33. 
A5& Single lane traffic at Hali- 
fax Rd, Littleborough, Greater 
Manchester. 


Scotland: A74 (Glasgow): 
Resurfacing work and lane clo- 
sures on the A74 London Rd 
between Carmyle Ave and 
FuUarton Rd. A8tfc Roadworks 
between the A80/M80 junction 
and Castlecarry: delays likely in 
both directions. A823: Keroing 
and resurfacing work near 
Gleneagles Hotel, Perthshire, 
causing some delaya. 

Information supplied by AA 


Weather 

forecast 


A frontal trough of low 
pressure is expected to 
move NE across S and 
centra] areas of Britain 
during the day. 


6 uni to midnight 


London, SE, E, NW, central N 


England, East Anglia. E Wdtands, 
Lake District, SW Sco 


Scotland, Glas- 
gow, Aigrib Bright dry start cloud 
thickening with outbreaks of rain 
spreading from the W; wind SE light 
tncraastra moderate or fresh; max 
temp 20C (68F). . 

Central S, SW England, W Mid- 
lands, Channel Islands, Wales, tote 
of Man, Northern' Ireland: Cloudy 
with outbreaks of rain, turning 
showery later wind SE fresh or 
strong; max temp 18C (64F). 



NE England, Borders, Edinburgh, 


Dundee, Central HlgHend* 
Scotland: Dry. sunny momma, 
becoming cloudy. some rain In 
evening; wind .libht and variable 
becoming SE moderate; max temp 
19Cf66FL 


Aberdeen, Moray Firth, NE Scot- 
land, Orkney: Dry, sunny periods; 
wind light and variable; max temp 
18G (B4F). ; - 


Shetland: Sunny intervals, iso- 
lated light showers dying out: wind 
variable light max 


NW 

temp 14C (! 

Outlook for tomorrow- and Sat- 
urday: Sunny Intervals and show- 
ers. heavyin places. Temperatures 



High Tides 


TODAY AM 

London Bridge 3.43 
Abordaon - 247 
AvoranouA 9.15 

Botfost 1225 

Conan 9.00 

Dovonport 8.07 

Dover 1246 

FMmouth 7.37 

Giwgow 2-28 

Konweh 132 

ST - 


■HT 

7.0 

43 


MHoidHMn 


b-btue sky: tooMue sky and cfoodr c- 
f-fosc d-drtmer h- 


a (itUe I 


' normal. 


Cloudy. CM«. Breast M 

hall. .mW-mttt mine, sanow: tti- 
ihunderstora: p-showers. 

Arrows Show wind dlrwcUan. wind 
s B®aa finpti) circled. Temperature 
centigrade. 


Portsmouth . 

Sharahmn 

Southampton 


Wttm-oo-Nzs 
Tide 


759 
7J5T 
4.14 
1250 
11.02 
200 
8.10 
7.00 
7.48 
7.06 
211 
1.02 
1247 
1222 
820 
5.19 
128 
hi 


HT PM 

72 357 
4.4 330 

13.1 932 133 
3.7 1256 33 
121 9J7 124 
54 822 -- 

63 1238 
52 732 
4.8 259 

42 1.49 

7.7 IS 

21 8.17 
5l7 451 

9.8 1.17 
26 1157 
45 202 
7.0 828 

73 7.18 
28 830 
65 722 

22 826 
45 1.34 
M 1,19 
45 1257 
94 838 
5.6 557. -54 

43 138 42 

1 0*32808(1. 


53 
6J 

54 

42 

43 
53 
73 

93 
53 

94 
24 
*J 
73 
73 
42 

5.7 
23 
•4.7 
63 
4 J 

9.7 


n 


.Sunrises; 3m sets: 

'555 am 8.12 pm 


Around Britain 


_ 741 am 

Last Ouarlor August 27 


938 pur 


Lighting-up rime 


London 842 pm to 527 am 


Bear collage for 10 to 13 year 
olds; Art Gallery and Mnseurn, 
Civic Centre, TufirMge Wells, 
1030 to 11.48. ' 

Arts and Crafts: 4th Annual 
Exhibition; Launcells Church, 
Bade; Thursto Sat 10 to 8 (ends 
Aug 23). 


The pound 


Bank' 


C otirise Crossword page 8 


Australia $ 
Austria Sch 
Betaknn Fr 
ConadeS 
DenmortrKr 
Finland Mkk 
FmncttFr 
many Dm 
Gfeece Dr, 

Hong Kong S 

RafyUra 
Japan yen 
NettwrimteGId 
MonreyKr 
Portugal Esc 
Sooth Africa Rd 
SpajrPta 
Sweden Kr 
Switzertand Fr 
USAS 

Vugotitvia Dnr 


2250 

8730 

2145 

1139 

7.79 

1038 

821 

21430 

1125 

1.T5 

220530 

248.00 

3305 

1141 

22550 

520 

20625 

10.74 

259 

156 

63030 


.Bank. 
Saits 
240 
2130 
6340 
2355 
1159 
729 
938 
334 
20200 
. 1148 

139 

wifSflp 

22330 
.3419 
1031 
21350 
420 
‘ 19525 
10.19 
245 
1.49 
68030 


Rates for omsl denommatlon bank notes 
only as sopphed by Bardays Bank PLG, 
DiHerent rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and other kroign currency 
husuwss 

Retnl Price liideic 3842 

London? The FT Index dosed up 0 6 at 

’2684 

t 



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for failure la ronfaei the Malms 
Mil ai»v irewi i*iUun uu- sidled 
irotn 1 . 


nv ubo< « unirurliom die ap 
plHdUh iu both daiiv and u.eeMv 
rinnh-rM < I.niro ■ 


i ran 

EcBntojrgh 93S|ffli to 627 am 


pm to 530 am 
Fenrance 93Q pm kx55l am 


. . Sun Ram 
Ira to 

EAST COAST 
Scarboro - .17 

HridSngton - .11 

Cromer 02 - 

Lmrostoft 21- .12 

Clacton 03 .14 

Iterate - 32 

sotmt COAST 
r o teiton e 03 .18 

Hatiinp 

Eastbourne 


Max 
C F 


1* 57 rah 

17 63 doudy 
15 58 doudy 

18 61 showers 
17 63 ctoody 

19 66 doudy 


Sun Rato 
Ira to 



Continued from pxgt I 

pany's Greater Loqdoa. Area 
Office. 

Mr Phibbs was elected to 
the FCS oaiional committee at 
the Conservative students' an- 
nual conference last. Easter. At 
its first meeting after the 
election it was agreed he 
should continue to edit >Y^v 
. Igcmfa as a national organ. 

Critics of Mr Phibbs insist 
that he was tokl of the strict 
procedure jpierning pttUka- 
tions bearing the aaftonal 



U os#* 


Conservative . imprint, and 
snoi 


that he knew he tiiould have 
cleared the magazine with Mrs 
Shirley Siouer, the newtv- 
appointed assistant director of 
the campaign and training 
department at Central Office. 

Mr Phibbs claims that be 
believed Sew A^enda-wassull 
an independent magazine. 

Mrs Siouer. a Conservative 
party agent for 20 vearc and 
most recently the East Mid- 
lands deputy area agent was 
appointed to Central Office in 
June as part of a reorganiza- 
tion to strengthen the cam- 
paign and training- depart- 
ment 

She did not expect an issue 


! i IN' 




Traby 5.7 
ColNyuBror 7.1 
11.1 
75 


Yesterday 


Temperatiirea at midday ysstarday; c, 
cloud: (, ten r, rain: &, sun. 

OF OF 

Mint 1 1661 Ou w ni— y s 1681 
C 1569 to imw C 1254 
1 1559 Joraoy s 1661 
f1864 bmdoa f 1966 
CairiW s 1763 W nc ta tro c 1559 
EtMumli c 1355 Nawcaula cl55B 
Glasgow ' 11558 RTMMay a 1559 


Worthing 

LkMimu 

Bognorfr 

Souths** 

. Sandovm - 
Shankfla 


0.7 .09 
14 38 

20 :io 

32 .14 

21 ».19 
-21 28 
27 21 
53 27 


16 61 rata 

17 63 doudy 

18 64 cloudy 

17 63 blight 

19 66 Ortefe 
19 68 bright 

18 64 bright 

19 66 doudy 
18 66 Sumy 


ENGLAND AND WALES 
i£mton . 1.7 .16 19 66 

■’hamAfept 43 .17 17 63 

BtbtoKCM) 65 .17 17 £L 

Cardiff (Otrft 73 - 17 63 . 


■todSpt 


103 51 -18 -61 
65 - 16 6T 

MoMpgtran 43 .15. 18 .64 

trc+a-Tym - .06 14 57 

CaifWa . 06 56 15 SB 


Kinqr 

wm 

tmgm 

rtto 

Mfltt 




ADJaiversaries 


Births: Jeu^ipCiste Gmtze, 
paimer, Toiirhus. Fiance. 1725; 
william Mardock, inventor, 
Auchintodi, Ayrshire, 1754; 
William IV, reigned 1 830^37, 
London, 1765; Aubrey Beards- 
ley. Brighton, 1872.' 

Deaths: RidianL Grastiaw, 
poet. Loreto, Italy, 1649; Lady 
Mary Wortley Montagu, writer, 
London. 1762; Sk Benjamin 
l ur psoa, Count tod Ramford. 
physicist, cofounder of the 
Royal Institution. Auteuil, 
France. 18 14; Sir Jacob Epstein. 
London. 1959. 


Tower Bridge 


Tower Bridge win be raised 
today at 10 pm. 




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BUSINESS AND FINANCE 


THE 



TIMES 


SPORT 

TELEVISION AND RADIO 


THURSDAY AUGUST 21 1986 






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Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

STOCKMARKET 

FT 30 Share . 

1268.4 (+0.6) 

FT-SE100 
1604.6 (+0.2) 

Bargains 

21731. 

USM (Datastream) 

124.7 (+0:38) 

THE POUND 

US Dollar 
1,5045 (+0.0015) 

W German mark 
3.0812 (-0.0060) 
Trade-weighted 
71.9 (-0.1) 

£55m sale 
byPru 

The Prudential Assurance 
Company has sold the free-] 
hold of its central London 
development in Holborn, 
once the she of the Gamapes 
department store, to Norwich 
Union, the insurance com- 
pany, for £55 million. 

The scheme, funded by the 
Prudential and dose to its 
London headquarters, was 
completed in 1980. It includes j 
the London Diamond Centre 
in Hatton Garden and a 
195,000 sq ft office block let to 
British Telecom where a rent 
review is iminent 
Commercial property, page 20 

Horizon loss 

Horizon Travel, the pack- 
age tour operator, announced 
an interim pretax loss to May 
31 of £5.4 million compared 
with a profit last year of £10.7 
million, which included a 
£14.3 million gain on aircraft 
sales. The unchanged divi- 
dend is 0.88p. 

. Tempos, 'page 16 



captures 
and 



By Richard Lander 

The Minnesota-based 
group; which is known for its 
agricultural and * homo 
improvement magazines and 
specializes m long-run web- 
colour printing, made pretax, 
profits of $10.9 million in 
1985 on sales of $1773 mil- 
lion and had earnings per 
share of S 1.01. 

Pan of the- money for the 
proposed acquisitions will 
come from the liquidation of 
the Philip Hill portfolio, 
which includes a wide range of 
leading British and North 
American shares ranging from 
Beecham, by far the largest 
investment, to ICT, Marks and 
Spencer and BICC. 

Liquidation of the trust has 
been left in the hands of its 
million (£73.92 million), chairman Lord Keith, who 
BPOC outlined ambitious said arrangements had already 
expansion - plans for the been made to place the hold- 
United States, including the ings in Beecham and Ariing- 


Mr Robert MaxwpITs Brit- 
ish Printing & Communica- 
tion Corporation (BPOC) 
yesterday announced agreed 
takeover terms worth around 
£330 miHkra 'for the Philip 
Hill Investment Trust. 

At the same time, BPCC 
identified the Webb Com- 
pany. an American publishing 
and printing group, as the first 
step in its strategy towards 
a global media em- 
i turnover of £3 
ion to £5 billion by the end 
of the decade: 

In addition; it oversaw 
arrangements for the under- 
writing of £318 million worth 
of new shares. 

Apart from Webb,' which 
would cost at least Sill 


purchase of information data 
bases in a number of specialist 
areas as well as companies 
which own and distribute 
them. 

“The group is also looking 
to expand in Japan and 
Europe," it added. 

Mb' Maxwell said he would 
fly today to the United States, 
where be hoped to complete 
negotiations for on agreed bid 
for Webb. BPCC is prepared 
to offer at least $ 1 6 a share for 
Webb, which is traded on the 
American over-the-counter 
market. 


ton Securities, worth a total of 
some£5Z7 million, with Brit- 
ish institutions. Some of the 
Beecham shares will go to the 
BPCC pension fund. 

Lord Keith, who is also 
Beecbam’s chairman, said the 
shares in the pharmaceutical 
company would be placed “at 
middle-market price”. 

Mr Maxwell said at least, 
three leading investment 
booses bad submitted bids for 
the rest of the Philip Hill 
portfolio and these were being 
considered. He declined to 
name the groups, but said they 


did not number either. No- 
mura Securities or Merrill 
Lynch, which had been at the 
centre of market speculation. 

for up e ™'l2oS^^^m 0 Sw 
BPCC shares at 262p < 
were completed yesterday by J 
Morgan GnenfeU, the group’s 
adviser. This will treble the 
number of BPCC shares in 
free circulation and cm the 
stake held by Mr Maxwell’s \ 
Pergamon Holdings from 75, 
to about 51 percent. 

The exact value of BPCCs | 
offer depends on a valuation i 
of the trust's assets when the ] 
bid goes unconditional. 

Shareholders win be offered 
a choice of cash equivalent to 
98 per cent of the assets or 
107.985 per cent in BPCC 
shares valued at 292p each. 
BPCCs shares fell I5pto28lp| 
after returning from susj 
sion, reducing the value of the 
share alternative to 103.9 per 
cent of the assets. 

Philip Hill shares, sus- 1 
pended ai 323p on Tuesday, 
returned at 328p yesterday but . 
then dipped 7p. On the basis I 
of the trust's asset valuation of 
337p per share, made last! 
month, the cash offer is worth 
£319 million and the alter- 
native £338 million atj 
yesterday's BPCC price. 

The deal already has the 
irrevocable backing of inves- 
tors owning 49.17 per cent of 
Philip Hill's shares. 



Head start: Jackie Duffy tries one of Christy's creations for size 


Bowler stages comeback as 
TSB throws hat in the ring 

By Richard Thomson, Ranking Correspondent 
Chaps are not wearing bow- The felt cone is shrunk to half 


nsem 

Payout doubles I AE profit 

Atlantic OwnniTtcre - the 1 Mr 

forecast 


Atlantic Computers, the 
IBM computer leasing group, 
has doubled its interim divi- 
dend to 1.12p after pretax 
profits for the first luff of 
1986improyed from £7 mil- 
lion to £8.4 million on a40 per- 
cent increase in turnover to 
£77.4 million. 

Tempos, page 16 


By Amanda Gee Smyth 


AE, the motor 
company which is fighting oi 
a £261 million bid from 
Turner & Newall, yesterday 
forecast a 9 per cent increase 
n/rr rr.,,|vi. ' • inprrtaxprofits to £28 million 

WHhOfifl Iltt for ffiecurient year. 

WH- Smith reported pretax 

profits for the year to May 31 cent increase m dividends to 


More evidence of 
slower US growth 

From Mohsin All, Washington 
Further evidence that the April-June quarter, against a 


_ ear to May 

up 1 4 per cent al £493 million 
on turnover 20 per cent higher 
.at £IJ billion. 

■ Tempos, page 16 

73% say yes 

Moimtleigh. the property 
company making a £117 mil- 
fion agreed bidh for United 
Real Property Trust, has re- 
ceived acceptances for 73 per 
cent of its shares. Its offer 
remains conditional only ff| 
there is no referral to the- 
Monopolies and Mergers Co- 
mmission. 


7.5p for the year to the end of | 
September and earnings per 
share of 20.7p, up by 14 per 
cent 

. lira spirited defence docu- 
ment, AE said the increased 
and final offer was “de- 
monstrably inadequate" and 
failed to recognize AFs true 
worth. It said TAN had failed 
to explain the industrial logic 
of a takeover. 

.Sir John ' Collyear, AFs 
chairrnan,'$aid T & N was an 
unacceptable- bidder because 
of intrinsic weaknesses in its 
own business. He warned that 


BT7T ita_ n Yi A the possibilities of sanctions in 

M3£j l go-aneaa Southern Africa “further high- 
“ “ ‘ ‘ ’’ ' ted the fragility*’ of part of 

& N*s proms and that the 


The Trade Secretary has 
decided not to refer to the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission the proposed ac- 
quisition by BET of HAT 
Group and Brengreen 
(Holdings). 

Finlan placing 

Finlan Group is placing £2 
million convertible preference 


full extent of its vulnerability 
to asbestos claims remained 
"neither quantified nor 
explained." 

AE also took the unusual 
step of publishing a letter from 
a vice 'president of General 
Motors saying GM was 
_ concerned" about the 
possible implications of 


pace of United States eco- 
nomic growth is slowing ap- 
pears in Commerce 
Department figures, showing 
that the rate of housing starts 
dropped last month. 

The department said that 
houses were started at an 
estimated annual rate of 1.818 

The dollar lost ground in 
Europe, bat recovered a little 
inNewYork, despite tile poor 
US bousing figures. It traded 
at about DM2.0513, against a 
low of DM2.0505 and at yen 
153.44, against a low of yen 
1533)5. In London the dollar 
lost 0.15 cents against a weak 
to dose at $13045. 
Despite overwhelming bearish 
market sentiment toward the 
dollar, it . appeared well-sup- 
ported at present levels be- 
cause of possible central bank 
intervention, traders said. 

million, down 1.8 per cent 
from the revised June rate of 
1.852 million. 

Earlier . figures from the 
department showed that the 
US gross national product 
grew at .0.6 per cent in the 


forecast of 1.1 per cent. 

Mr James Miller, the White 
House budget chief, said on 
television: “We are not on the 
brink of recession,” but, it was 
-a time of uncertainty. 

He called for lower interest 
rates to boost the economy. 
He expected imports to slow 
next year because of the higher 
value of foreign currencies 
relative to the dollar. 

The department has given 
the US shortfall in trade with 
other countries — expected to 
hit a record $170 billion (£1 13 
billion) — as a reason for weak 
American economic growth. 

However, -the^ White House 
said: “With inflation remain- 
ing under control and key 
economic indicators 
strengthening, we are optimis- 
tic about the prospect for a 
strong showing in the second 
half of this year.” 

The Office of Management 
and Budget, which is headed 
by Mr Miller, and the 
Congressional Budget Office 
estimates that the federal bud- 
get deficit will reach $163.4 
billion in the fiscal year 1987. 
beginning on October 1. 


lers the way they used to. 
Mostly, they are not wearing 
them at alL Time was when 
bankers and stockbrokers 
looked Eke bankas and stock- 
brokers. Now bare beads are 
all the rage In the City and 
everyone looks like tivil 
servants. 

Rnt the Trustee Savings 
Bank is making a bold attempt 
to tarn the chick back by 
persuading the nation that 
bowler bus and finance are 
still synonymous.. 

Using toe border as the 
symbol for its share flotation 
next month, the TSB has 
ordered 60 hats for its pub- 
licity department from Christy 
and Co, of Stockport, Chesh- 
ire, the last production-line 
bowler hat maker in the world. 

The traditional bowler 
starts life as a 3% ounce pile of 
rabbit fur. It is packed on to a 
“perforated copper cone” 27 
inches tall and turned into felt. 


its size, dyed and painted with 
shellac (a sort of smelly brown 
varnish) before being shaped 
and finally polished. There are 
47 stages in the process. 

Bat at £60 to £120 a time it 
is little snprise that the bowler 
is regarded as die toff's hat. 
“It is definitely the executive 
type who buys the bowler,” 
says Mr Jack Walhrarth, 
managing director of Christy. 

It was not always so. In- 
vented in the 1850s, the bowler 
knew ao class boundaries. But 
as the rest of Britain aban- 
doned this style of headgear 
the City, con se rvative as ever, 
dang on toils bowlers and the 
hat’s identification with 
money emerged. 

In a more democratic era, 
fashion has swrag elsewhere. 
“The doth cap has had a 
revival in recent years,” says 
Mr Walhvorth. Everyone can 
wear them, including women, 
which has added enormously 


to sales. Christy produces 
20,000 bowlers and 250.000 
doth caps a year. 

So what Is toe headgear of 
tomorrow? What will tire post- 
big bang, overworked, pre- 
maturely ageing CHy whiz-kid 
be using to cover his bald 
patch? Ike answer appears to 
be: a red trilby. 

“More yotmg men and 
women are wearing felt trilbys 
now," says Mr WaHwnrth. 
The sty le set by the floppy hat, 
redolent of sweat, dirt and 
macho inteUectualxsm, spotted 
by Indiana Jones in the film 
Raiders . of the Lost Ark, has 
evidently been a shot in. the 
arm for the felt headgea 


industry. Bat Mr Walhrarth 
adds: “There is more and more 
colour coming into men's 
headwear.” 

Sadly, toe TSB*s valiant 
attempt to revive a stereotype 
looks doomed. The bowler has 
already fallen through the 
trap-door of history. 


Russia in 
approach 
to Gatt 

Geneva (Reuter) — The 
Soviet Union has asked to join 
in major world trade talks to 
be launched by toe 92-nation 
General Agreement on Tariffs 
and Trade this 
year,. Gatt_ sources — said 
yesterday. 

It would be the first^time 
that Moscow has taken parl'in 
the free trade group, whose 
rules govern about 80 per cent 
of world commerce in manu- 
factured goods and agri- 
cultural products. 

Moscow wanted to partici- 
pate in the negotiations to 
gather information and 
experience to help deride 
whether to seek full Gan 
membership, the sources said. 

Gatt trade ministers are to 
meet at Puma del Este, Uru- 


International Thomson 
hit by strong sterling 


By Our City Staff 
Falling oil prices and a 
stronger pound have brought 
problems during the first naif 
of 1986 for International 
Thomson Organisation, the 
Canadian-controlled energy, 
travel and publishing group. 

..Pretax profits fell from £68 


earnings from oil and gas this 
year, although maximum 
production was continuing 
with no plans to cm output 
The strong pound has also 
reduced dollar-denominated 
energy revenues as well as 
income - from the;' group’s 


million to £55 million with - North - Amman -jpuMshijig 
turnover down 12 per cent at interests. 

The picture 


£752 million. Hie pretax fig- 
ure takes into account British 
petroleum revenue tax, which 
more than halved to £45 
million. Earnings per share fell 
from 14p to I2p. 

The group said the dramatic 
slump in energy prices would 
lead to a significant drop in 


was rather 
brighter in other sectors, with 
improved profits from 
publishing on both sides of the 
Atlantic and a significant rise 
for the travel group, which 
more than doubled the num- 
ber of passengers carried in the 
first two summer months. 


Profit 
making 
bank for 
China 

From Stephen Leather 
Hong Kong 

China is planning reforms 
of its financial system, which 
will include setting up a new 
bank and establishing a short- 
term securities market 

The Peoples' Bank of 
China, which last year took 
over from the Bank of China 
as the country's central bank, 
plans to establish a profit- 
making bank by the end of the 
year. 

According to Mr Ma 
Zhongzhi, vice-president of 
the Shenyang branch of the 
Peoples' Bank, it will be called 
the Communications Bank 
and will complete with the 
Bank of China. 

Like its rival, toe new bank 
will have branches overseas 
Mr Ma said the Shanghai- 
based hank will stimulate 
competition in the Chinese 
banking system. 

The Peoples’ Bank is mov- 
ing towards a capitalist-style 
financial set-up. encouraging 
higher interest rate on depos- 
its, withdrawing sanctions on 
foreign currency withdrawals 
and issuing bonds. 

China has said that for the 
first time a state project will be 
paid for by a bond issue. 

The Peoples* Construction 
Bank of China is going to issue 
bonds to raise 536 million 
yuan (about £100 million) to 
build a new ctbylen plant in 
Shanghai. 

The Chinese authorities are 
also making it easier to borrow 
money. Banks once had to 
apply to Beijing each time 
:y wanted extra funds, but 
since the start of this year 
banks in five cities have been 
able to lend money to each 
other and fix their own in- 
terest rates. 

The cities — Shenyang, 
Changzhou, Guanzhou, 
Chongqing, and Wuhan — are 
being used to experiment with 
new banking reforms. 

According to another top 
Chinese banker. China plans . 
to set up a national interest ' 
rate system and various 
monetary organization over 
the next two years. 

Mr Liu Hongro, vice-gov- 
ernor of the Peoples’ Bank of 
China, says in toe China Daily 
that the country intends to 
open up gradually its mone- 
tary markets, establishing 
bank loan markets, commer- 
cial bill markets, and short- 
term securities markets. 

Mr Liu said the monetary 
reforms are intended to estab- 
lish “effective, flexible; and 
multi-tiered monetary control 
and regulatory systems,” 
which anil stimulate the rais- 
ing and use of social funds. 


£100m issue 

Trafalgar House is issuing - ' 
£100 million 10% per cent 
bonds, due in 2006, at 100% 
per cent. The lead manager is’ 
Klein wort Benson with co- 
lead manager Barclays de 
ZoeteWedd. 


Waterford surges 33% SSai 


shares with Drayton Consoli- K of 

dated Trust at par. The drw- engine parts. It said GM might 


By Carol Ferguson 

The Irish Eh”! manufac- States, however. 


dend is 6 percent 

Fisonsbuys 

Fisons has bought Radiol 
Chemicals, a subsidiary of! 
Rorer (UK), for £43 rnfflioH. 
Radiol produces consumer 
health products. 


Teams 
Go News 


16 

Wall Stnct 16 
Coameat 17 
Stock Market 17 
Mooey Mrbts 17 
Foreign Each 17 


Traded Opts 
U»k Trusts 
Commodities 
USM Prices 
Share Prices 
Commercial 

Property 


17 

18 
18 
18 

19 

20 


find it necessary to find an 
alternative source of supply if 
AFs research and develop- 
ment activities were jeop- 
ardised by a takeover. 

T & N said it had purchased 
a further 1.025 million shares 
in AE, taking its holding to 
almost 1 5 per cent. AE stores 
rose 3p to 235p sod T & N 
gained 2p to 194p. 

At an extraordinary meeting 
yesterday, T & N won ap- 
proval from shareholders to 
proceed with toe bid. 


turer, Waterford Glass Group, 
yesterday announced interim 
profits up 33 per cent at 
lr£8.96 million (£8.04 million) 
the six months to June. 
Profit maigjns on sales dou- 
bled to 10.8 per cent. 

The group attributed a third 
of the improvement to its 
crystal and china division, 
where profit margins in- 
creased despite a 5 per cent 
decline in sales. 

-- Sales in Ireland and Britain 
are suffering from the slack 
tourist trade. In the United 


sales were 

ahead of target. 

The company said that 10 
new stemware patterns 
launched there in June had 
been weti-received- 
Sales for the group as a 
whole were down 34 per cent, 
due to the sale of the margin- 
ally profitable Switzer depart- 
ment store group in December 
and the discontinued opera- 
tions in the loss-making Smith 
motor group, which was sold 
this week. 

The interim dividend was 
increased by 20 per cent to 
l^p (Irish) a share. 


opening markets and fighting 
the rising, tide of 1 protec- 
tionism which, is choking 
world commerce. 

The ministers will rule on 
toe Soviet request to join in 
toe talks, which could last five 
years, the sources said. 

Four Eastern block states — 
Poland, Romania, Czecho- 
slovakia and Hungary — are 
members, and about 30 non- 
member developing countries 
abide by Gan rules. 

Moscow has hinted in re- 
cent months that it is in- 
terested in Gatt, but this was 
the first formal approach to 
the free trade group, which 
was founded in 


MARKET SUMMARY 


STOCK MARKETS 


New York 
Dow Jonas . 
Tokyo 

Nikkei Dow. 

Hong Kong: 

Hang Seng 


_ 18B7.»(+4J8)r 

1893&24(+143l63) 

. 1941.20 {+5591 

Amsterdam: Gen 297.5 (- 0 . 6 ) 

kAO 1177.6-7.ffl 


- 2076,S(-M) 
826.87 (+13.1 


Comm er zbank. 

Brussels; 

General 

Paris: CAC 

Zurich: ■ 

SKA General 524.30 (same) 

London closing prices Page 19 


187 (+13 
384.2 <+; 


INTEREST RATES 


London; 

Bank Base: 10% 

3-month interbank 9 ra »-a*% 
3-month MiS:9 l3 3 >9 n i B % 
tjgingnBte' 

Prime Rate 8% . ... 

federal Funds 6*ia%* 

£monft Treasury 80s 553-5^1%- 
30-year bonds. 101J4-101 a ia* 


CURRENCIES 


London: - New Yoric 
£$1.5045 E $1.5045* 

£ DM3.0812 t DM2.0455* 

E: SwPr2.4809 & Index: tlO.4 

£ FFr10.0576 ' 

& Ven23Q£4. * ECU £0.683889 
£ lndex:7t.9- - SOR £0209097 


MAIN PRICE CHANGES 


Lanca 

Gestettw 
Bestwood 
Goode Dun-ant 
British Aerospace 
Glass Gkwer 
Guardian Royal 
Sun Alliance 
English Trust 
Eastern Produce 



153p(+i{ 
62p +1J 


Britain answers Opec pleas 
to trim with soaring output 


By David Young Energy Correspondent 


FALLS: 

Glaxo Holdings 940p (-2! 

BPB industries 49fo {-IS 

Ratal IrepH.. 

BTOC =~ 2B1p (-17p 

Bowater : 315p (-8p 

WHSmhh'A 1 : 28? 

Bed Group 4QC 

She* Z-L 86 


GOLD 


London Fbong; . 

AM $379.00 pnvjamoo 
dose $377.75-37325 (£251 25- 
251.75) 

New Yoric 

Comex $37820-370.80* 


NORTH SEA OIL 

Brent (Sept) pm $14JH) M«$1355) I 

'Denotes latest tracing price I 


Britain’s daily ofl output has 
moved back to die high levels 
of more than 2M mlllioa 
barrels despite renewed pleas 
from die Organization of 
Pttroleiim Exporting Coun- 
tries to co-operate in trimming 
production to help send prices 
upwards. 

Opec receady agreed that it 
would bring its production 
down to 16.7 miliiou barrels a 
day next month and in Octo- 
ber, with signs that die intoo- 
situation of die war between 
Iraq and Iran may it 
difficult for production to 
reach the new levels. 

In addition, Saudi Arabia 
has cut back its August output 
from 6 mBfioo barrels to 5 
mflfi oii and Nigeria has said 
tint it will move back to a 
tem of contract selling 
rather than selling on the spot 
market next month and in 
October. 

The Opec agreement wffl be 
reviewed on October 6 when St 
is also expected that output 


cutbacks by non-member 
countries such as Mexico, 
Malaysia and Oman 
also be announced. 

Norway has said that it k 
prepared to offer some co- 
operation and its government 
is to make a firm decision by 
September 1. 

Britain, however, has re- 
jected informal approaches 
from Opec ministers to change 
impolicy of allowing the 

Norto^ea to^'set” whatever 
production targets they want. 

The latest figures compiled 
by Wood Mackenzie, the 
stockbroker which specializes 
in the North Sea oil industry, 
show timt daily production 
during July averaged 2.6 mil- 
lion barrels compared with 22 
million barrels in June. 

Daily output is bow i 

dose to toe record levels 
January ami February and toe 
average for toe past 12 months 
is now 2^6 million barrels. 

June output was the lowest 


since April 1983 became of 
hi gher fhaa normal mainte- 
nance programmes. 

Production from the Brent, 
Beryl and Piper fields was 
afleded ami the fields using 
the Ninian pipeline system 
also had to trim production 
because of ma inte n ance work. 

Wood Mackenzie says that 
the timing of the waintwMiinv 
work was set by the ofl 
companies' desire to defer tax 
payment The Government 
collects petroleum revenue tax 
twice a year, in February and 
August, based on profits made 
in the first and second halves 
ou toe year. 

"Any profit arising from 
production in June results in a 
tax fialulity due for payment In 
August. By deferring the 
production until July, payment 
for liability is delayed from 
August to February next year. 
By delaying production by a 
few days from June until Jnly 
tax liabilities can be deferred 
by six months.” 



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WALL STREET "■ 


■ New York (Reuter) — Wall 
Street shares were hit in early 
trading yesterday by another 
sign of weakness in the econ- 
omy — a fall in bousing starts 
last month, 

* The Dow Jones industrial 
average was down 4J5 points 
to L858.66. 


Dedining issues and ad- 
vances were even on a volume 
of 30 million shares. 

Philadelphia Electric led 
the active issues, unchanged at 
23ftths. Schlumberger fell 
feth to 31, 3 8ths. ICN 
Pharmaceuticals rose 2 to 32. 


Small firms ‘are 
suffering least 
from slowdown’ 


TEMPUS 


Long haul ahead for Horizon 

. nTiC.:)k<, M .mhnhtwrt 030 V is SUW>OSedly CHI t] 



By Amanda Gee Smyth 


Small businesses are seeing 
less of a slowdown than the 
rest of the economy, according 
to a survey published yes- 
terday by tiie Small Business 
Research Trust 

Many have taken on more 
workers and expect to con- 
tinue doing so, the quarterly 
survey of small business in 
Britain shows. 

In the first quarter of this 
year, 56.7 per cent of firms 
surveyed saw sales rise, while 
only 23.1 per cent said sales 
fell. The 33.6 points difference 
between “ups” and “downs" 
was, however, lower than the 
41.4 points balance in the final 
quarter of last year. This was 
the first fell in the balance 
since the last quarter of 1984. 

The balance of small busi- 
nesses saying they bad taken 
on more rather than fewer 
workers was 1 1.6 points, 
slightly down from 32-6 in the 
previous quarter. 

The review shows a sharp 
improvement in expected 
sales ibr the second quarter, 
somewhat more than the sea- 
sonal effect, although there 


was little change in expecta- 
tions of taking on more staff. 

The trust says: “The picture 
presented remains brighter 
than that given in other recent 
surveys, including those of 
larger firms. The balances for 
both sales and employment 
remain positive. It looks as if 
activity in the small firms 
sector has slowed less than in 
the rest of the economy and 
that employment in surviving 
small firms is still expanding." 

The survey said that finance 
and interest rates rose sharply 
as the most serious problem 
experienced by small firms. 
The second biggest problem - 
the total tax burden — was 

mentioned by only half as 

many companies. 

A survey of exports es- 
timated that well over 50,000 
small companies in mamriao 
turing and the service sectors 
contribute to United King- 
dom exports. The number of 
exporters is increasing. 

Advance results of a survey 
on the Business Expansion 
Scheme to be published in the 
autumn shows that BES is well 
known among small firms. 


Property Holding in 
final bid rejection 

Property Holding & Invest- per cent drop in income and a 
ment Trust, the subject of a 9 percent fell in asset-hacking 




the Greycoat Group, a rival 
developer, yesterday revealed 
an increase in its net asset 
value as its final defence. 

It has revalued its residen- 
tial holdings from £7.4 milli on 
to £14.3 m lift on, adding about 
8p a share to the diluted net 
asset value. 

The company argues that 
shareholders will suffer a 59 


offer, which is 131.1p a share 
with a cash alternative of 
137.5p. 

Institutional shareholders 
with 24 per cent of the capital 
have opted to bade the com- 
pany in rejecting the bid, 
which closes on August 28. 
But the danger for Property 
Holding is that many of its 
shareholders will opt for the 
cash alternative. 


The package tour group. Ho- 
rizon Travel, has a great deal 
to do if it is to recover its 
position as one of the most 
profitable tour operators. 

In choosing not to engage 
in last year’s Thomson- 
Intasun price war, on the 
argument that at least one of 
them would not survive the 
vicious discounting. Horizon 
has found that it has been the 
one to suffer — in the shape of 
lost market share. 

Because it owns rather than 
leases its aircraft. Horizon 
has a higher cost base than its 
competitors. Meanwhile, be- 
cause of its “quality" image, 
it has to work hard to 
convince its customers that it . 
is price competitive, although 
it Haims to be che ap er than 
Intastm. 

The net result is that in the 
six months to May 31 Ho- 
rizon made an operating loss 
of £8 mini on before dis- 
posals, compared with a £3.6 
million loss last year. And, 
for the 1 1 months to October 
31, 1986, it will do little better 
than break even at the pretax 
level, including a £ 2.6 million 
rain on the part disposal of a 
flight simulator. 

Excluding disposals in both 
years, Horizon's pe rfor mance 
this year will approximately 
mirror last year when it made 
a £2 million loss. 

Shareholders are likely to 
have to wait until 198 8 for a 
decent return on capital em- 
ployed, as Horizon tries to get 
its cost base and prices into 
line with the competition. Its 
main efforts will be to reduce 
the cost of aircraft seals by 
employing bigger aircraft and 
by tearing rather than buying. 

The company is not plan- 
ning to sell any of its smaller 
aircraft this year. However, it 
may lease them out 

Currency management win 
remain a difficult area, as it is 
for any tour operator, but 
stronger control could result 
in useful savings. 


Horizon’s problems are re- 
flected in the share price, 
which capitalizes the com- 
pany at £54 million, a signifi- 
cant discount to 
shareholders' funds of some 
£60 million. 

The company looks 
vulnerable to takeover, a 
point which cannot have 
escaped the Australian finan- 
cier, Mr Ron Brieriy, who has 
a 125 per centstake. Bass has 
25 per cent and Grand Metro- 
politan Iras about 4 per cent. 

It will be a long haul back 
to profits in this competitive 
market 

WH Smith 

Simon Hornby, chairman of 
WH Smith, the bookseller, 
thinks he has a very good 
story to tell. Whether the Gty 
finds it gripping is another 
matter. 

The group has traditionally 
been thought of as being 
rather too nice to be really 
dynamic, particularly where 
new ventures are concerned 
It is trying hard to change its 
image but its success so or is 
mixed 

The new US business, 
El son, is having problems. 
There is some tightening up 
to do on the wholesale side as 
the management let things 
slip at the time of the 
takeover. It is also taking 
time to absorb the rapid 
expansion which has recently 
lawn place. 

As expected at the tune of 
the takeover, WH Smith has 
put in a new management 
team. It should fit the gap left 
when entrepreneur Eddie 
Elson gave up his executive 
duties. 

Elson is said to have 
greater potential than was 
originally thought and ought 
to capitalize on its position as 
the sole wholesaler in the fest- 
growing Atlanta market 
However, analysts remain 
cautious at this stage. 

The purchase of Our Price. 


WH Smith's main high street 
record retailing competitor, 
rives the group an 18 percent 
market share. It also conve- 
niently segments the market. 
However, Our Price's trading 
performance has been dis- 
appointing, providing 
ammunition for those who 
thought that it was an expen- 
sive buy. 

Do It All is a sound 
performer but the heady days 
of booming DfY sales are 
over. 

Yearend gearing was just 
under 38 per cent but should 
fell to 33 per cent this year. 
Despite net capital expen- 
diture of £52 million, WH 
Smith's cash inflows should 
match its outflows this year 
but the ratios will be helped 
by a property revaluation. 
This, together with the addi- 
tion of fixed assets from new 
store openings, will boost the 
asset value. 

There is no doubt that WH 
Smith is good at its tra- 
ditional retail business but 
this field is probably not 
sufficiently specialized to 
give the group high margins 
and real momentum in the 
longer term. 

Forecasts of more than £60 
million before property dis- 
posals are being revised down 
to nearer £56 million. This 
gives I9p of earnings and 
rates WH Smith in line with 
the sector. This seems to be a 
generous valuation. 

Atlantic 

Computers 

The chairman of Atlantic 
Computers, Mr John 
Foulsion, resorted to cor- 
porate chest thumping yes- 
terday. Permission is being 
sought from the shareholders 
to allow Atlantic to purchase 
up to 3.5 million of its shares 
at about 3S0p. 

Mr Foulston's “irritating 
dilemma" is that the com- 


pany is supposedly on the 
acquisition trail, but pur- 
chases for paper are out of the 
question at the present share 
price. 

The 20 per cent interim 
profit rise bucks the trend set 
by the likes of IBL and 
United Leasing, but Atlantic 
is tarnished by association. 

How particularly irritating 
for Mr Foulsion, then, thai; 
the shares fell 3p to 255p or 
the results. 

Atlantic wants everyone to 
understand that the quality of 
earnings has been perma- 
nently improved and that a 
broader spread of business 
will insulate the company 
from the disasters that have 
afflicted others. 

On the first point, profits 
from residuals - the es- j 
unrated leftover future value 
of the equipment whoa it 

comes off lease - accounted 
for 27 per cent of profits in 
the first-half, a significant 
improvement on the 64 per 
cent this time two years ago. 

Diversification, however, , 
has yet to make an impact on 1 
the figures. Profits from the' 
manufacturing division fell 
from £500,000 to £100,000, 
because of significant invest- 
ment and difficult trading 
conditions, wiping out the 
gains on medical equipment, i 
which has already made more 
than the whole of last year's 
£800.000 profits. 

IBM machine leasing in 
Britain and overseas, remains 
the main engine of growth. 
The worry now is that IBM 
Sierra sales are well below 
forecast and it was booming 
second-hand sales which en- 
abled British targets to be 
met. 

Forecasts of £20 million to 
£22 million are sanctioned by 
the company, which puts the 
shares on a prospective p/e 
ratio of six on an insignificant 
tax charge. This is adequately 
cautious given the sector’s 
capacity fra* nasty surprises. 


M 




/A 


£m 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 WHSM/T/f . . 

50 i 7 1 -T- fi - w Hs 





% 

o 


COMPANY NEWS 


International Leisure 
bookings soar by 75% 

Summer 1986 holiday • BRITANNIC ASSUR- 
bookings taken by Inter- ANCE: Interim dividend lip 
national Leisure are 75 per (9-5pk payable on Oct 3. Six, 
cent up on last year, Mr Hairy fSSiS 

3Kh2^£?7.«« SSikS 

tne annual meeting yesterday, (£ 15.93 millidny. industrial 
Profits for the foil year to branch £49.11 miffion <£47.59 
March 31 next, before tax and mfllioui. unit-linked £834 mil- 
aircraft sales, will be sjgnifi- lion <£239 million) and general 
candy ahead of 1985-86. branch £9.78 million (£837 

Mr Goodman said tint 1.6 mflliou). 
million holidays had been sold _ vpnDnTTRfsm rvook% 

ftliitav^SSCS' 

holiday brochure margins May 31. Turnover £5.99 million 
were lower than last year, f £ 4 >7 million). Pretax profit 
there had been s i gni fi c antly £130,890 (£65,005). Earnings 
less discounting. Winter, per share 933p <4L7Ip). The 


1986-87, 


also looked improvement in the results was 
. mainly because of increased 
: “In spite of the keyboard business from the US. 


Profit before taxation (£m) 




ne added: In spite or tne w. 

inbound touris ty % pegLER-HATTERSLEY: 
particularly in the eany part or By Aug. 19, the ordinary ofier by 
the summer season, our. Lon- fh Tomkins had been accepted 
don hotels have performed for 27.5 million ordinary shares. 

■ ' “~ l " Tomkins now owns, or has 

Pretax tmfitfr of Treat: Hold- ' acceptances for, 28.62 million 
logs, a Nottingham-based ordinaries <92.91 percent), 
specialist ' door "K ww fi 

tumbled from £676,000 to • KAVIDN INTER- 

£135,000 in the year to March NATIONAL: The board pro- 
31. But the latest fignre Is affix poses the early conversion of the 
charging an exceptional debit of 1 1 per cent, convertible un- 


£495,000, as a result of breach of secured loan stock, 1994-2002. 
contract, against afl in 1984-85. New terms: 360 ordinary shares 


Turnover < 

minimi 


uded from £634 for every £100 nominal of stock. 
.73 ndtUoe. The This compares with current rate 


Scaling new heights 

the WHSmith way 


To be successful business must respond to social 
change by meeting the needs of the market place. 

Our strategy is therefore based on a recognition 
that all our businesses should help our customers 
enjoy and benefit from their increased spare time and 
that we must anticipate the ftiture direction their 
needs may take. 

In the UK, while the core businesses have 
continued to prosper specialist retail chains are 
being developed in related product groups. Our Price 
Music and the booksellers, Sherratt & Hughes, are 
examples. 

In another field. Do It All after less than seven 
years is among the market leaders. 

At the same time, new technology has been 
applied to growing our newspaper and magazine 
wholesale business by the introduction of computer- 
ised marketing systems to provide an even more 
efficient service for our newsagent customers and for 
publishers. 

Overseas, opportunities have been taken to 
apply the skills learnt at home. 


WHSmith is the largest bookseller in Canada. In 
the USA, the acquisition of Elson s has made us the 
leading operator of news and gift shops in hotels, 
airports and railway stations. More than 70 million 
customers a month are served. 

These developments are continuing. Wfe are 
opening new retail outlets around the world at the 
rate of three! every week. And we will keep building 
on the strengths of our individual businesses, both 
now and for the future. 

This philosophy has already borne fruit. Since 
1981 sales have increased by 88% and pre-tax profits 
by 205%; earnings per share have risen over the same 
period by 180% to 17-2p, while the net dividend for 
the year of 6-Op is more than two and a half times 
that paid in 1981. 

New heights are still to be scaled 

For further information about the development 
of WHSmith at home and abroad, please send for 
a copy of the Annual Report and Accounts: write to 
Julian Smith, W.H. Smith & Son (Holdings) PLC., 
Strand House, 7 Holbein Place, London SW1W 8NR. 


total dividend b bong WM of conversion of 250 ordinaries 
from L65p to 1.15p. foreacb £100. This will result in 

— —— »— an increase in net tangible assets 
well We are expanding our a awresponding reduction 
interests in resort hotels, too m group borrowings, 
with a further eight holds in m SUPRA GROUP: Interim 
Spain from next April Their dividend Ip (0.8pX payable on 
capacity is already folly sold Oct. 10. Turnover for tire six 
'for next year and our UK and mnntfra to May 31: home £ 7.2 
European tour operations wifi gwort 

help to ensure continued high 


the shares of Naarden 
In ternati onal. 

I FIFE INDMAR: Interim 
dividend of 0.75p (same) for the 
six months to June 3a Turn- 
over £084 million (£732 mil- 
lion). Trading profit £271,000 
^£249,000). Earnings per share 


NDMARs Interim London-based Gbtnfield Law- 
0.7 5p (same) for the rence, which has interests hi 
to June 3a Turn- property ami fmatv*o J has fan 
million (£732 mil- vested £499,999 in Griffis Met- 
ing profit £271,000 als. In return, ft .will receive 
Earnin g s per share ordinary shares, preference 
A wan stodk and gee 16JS7 

G MERCANTILE per cent of tire voting shares with 


WHSMITH W 


'4NTA NEWS AGENCY • CELEBRATION • CLASSIC BOOKSHOPS • WHS DISTRIBUTORS • WHSMITH TRAVEL - TELEVISION SERVICES 


INVESTMENT TRUST: In- 
terim dividend of Up <135p) 
for the half-year to July 31. 

• DERWENT VALLEY 
HOLDINGS: The company has 


don) for £442,000 in cash and 
loan notes. 

• DY DAVIES: Year to. April 
30. No dividend. Turnover 
£5.72 million (£338 million). 
Pretax profit £765,000 
(£31S,000). Flaming * per share 
9.4p (not available). 

• PHILIPS LAMPS: The com- 
pany, Nippon Chemi-Coti and 
Nippon Steel have established a 
joint venture, PNN Corpora- 
tion, for the manufacture mid 
sale of ceramir electronic 
components. PNN will become 
operational next year. Philips 
will have 40 per cent of PNN; 
Nippon Chetni-Con and Nip- 
pon Steel will each have 30 per 
cent 

• BROMSGROVE IN- 
DUSTRIES: The company has 
conditionally agreed to buy 
Vetch berry LtdT The initial 
consideration is £500,000, with 
a further one, equal to the prerax 
profit of Vetchberry for the 


Vetch berry isa private com 
trading as Vetchberry 
Birmingham. 

• ELECTRON HOUSE: Total 
dividend 3.4p for the year to 
May 31. Net turnover £13.65 
million (£63 million). Pretax 
profit on ordinary activities 
£681,000 (£410.000). Earnings 
per share 9.1 Ip, adjusted 


the right m appoint a directors© 
board of Griffis. The company 
refines computer scrap for its 
precious «n>— l content ndf 
state-of-the-nrt recycling pro- 


• CAMBIUM VENTURE 
CAPITAL: In the document 
dealing with the foreshadowed 
rights issue, which will raise 
about £940,000. net. the board, 
explains that its purpose is to 
provide funds to make a further 
investment of £105,000 in 
Caleoom Holdings and to give 
further support to those- other 
investments which are capable 
of eventually going public. The 
issue wifi also provide addi- 
tional foods for new invest- 
ments as wefi as working capital 
for the next two to three years. 


BASE 

LENDING 

RATES 


now mnnmg at five times the 
level of a year ago. 


Comfewaai Tnjsu__.iO.OW 


Hong Kong & Shanghai-... 10.0K 

LUyds Bank 

Nat Westmtetar 

FM Bank of Scotland ~-.1 

JSB — 10JJW 

Ctotsrtc NA 

t Monnn Bare Rue. 




















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COMPANY NEWS 


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1 




THE TIMRS THURSDAY AUGUST 21 1986 


BUSINESS AND FINANCE 


17 


STOCK MARKET REPORT 



and Glaxo shares 



Stock markets p re s e nted a 
mixed' appearance yesterday, 
but the undertone heM /Bnn 
on' continued optimism for a 
cut in interest rates next 
month. *: 

GDts -.were strong again, 
showing fresh rises of another 
half a point. Leading 
industrials were over- 
shadowed by Wall Street's 
disappointing performance, 
but a.tiurd oftbe top 30 shares 
showed modest 

improvements. 

The FT 30 Share index: 
dosed just 0.6 - higher at 
1,268.4, while the FT-SE lpO 
index was only 0.2 up at 
1,604.6. " ' - 

Jaguar was a weak spot as 
analysts ..downgraded their 
profit forerasts^Ilowmg the 
wanting given with the • in- 
terim. statement on Monday; 
Selling by American investors 
who now bold more than 40 
per cent of die company’s 
shares knocked the price back 
to 4ti8p, before it recovered to 
480p, down by 18p on the day 
and by- S3p since the figures 
were announced. 

Glaxo also succumbed to 
US selling which stemmed 
from fears of two drugs being 
manufactured - in‘ . Japan to 
rival Zantac. The dimes lost 
25p to 940p, but other move- 
ments' were confined to be- 
tween 2p and 5p. Hanson 
Trust' rose by another 4p to' 
184p, still benefiting from the 
recent asset sales. ' 

BPB Industries came under 
severe press ur e on fears that 
its subsidiary, British Gyp- 
sum, would suffer after com- 
plaints from Spain to the EEC 
concerning the prices of plas- 
ter-board products. The shares 
dropped to.477p, before raUy- 
ingto dose I9p down at 491p. 

Brewers improved behind 
Grand Metropolitai 6p better 
at 38 Ip and Guinness recov- 
ered another Sp to 335p after 
the' recent anointment of 
directors. BPCC returned 


from suspension, 1 7p down at 
-Sip, following the confirma- 
tion of the takeover of the 
aim ffiH Investment Trast 
and the possible £74 mini mi 
acquisition ofWebb and CO of 
Minnesota. Philip H31 was 
tittle changed at 32lp. 

Stores made modest 
progress cm tax-cot hopes mid 
the recent, encouraging rQafl 
survey, but the mood was 
soured by disappointing prof 


is approaching and the 
company's interim statement 
is foie towards the end of the 
month. Acqmsition news sup- 
ported FIsmb at 633p, up by 

8p. 4 ; 

Composite insurances were 
bouyant ahead Of the next set 
of statements from Guardian 
Royal at 834p, up 1 2p and Sou 
Affiance, 692p, up 23p. Both 
are due to repon on Septem- 
bers. 


The Abdullah brothers at Evered are believed to be planning a 

group, with the teeing erf 
_ . [ that an Anglo-American 

amsortmm is befog pot tepfitt to hunch a bid which, if 
s uc ttBfldi d, wodU lead to a break-op of TL Evered Would take 
the engineering interests and Hoover might be interested in the 
main consumer companiea, Evered alreidy owns a 20 per cent 
stake fo TI and is recovering inn ^disappointment of fosifig 
its bid for McKerhaie Brother*. _ 


its from WH Smitii whidi' 
were no better dan forecast at . 
the time of the Our Price 
acquisition. The shares fell 
14p to 281p, not tastped by an 
uninspiring meeting of an- 
alysts alter the figures were 
announced. 

Combined English bene-' 
filed from the recent Zales 
shops acquisition, up by an- 
other 5p to 230p and Lamm 
Ashley hardened 3p to l£f4p, 
ahead of figures next month. ' 
Also reporting soon, BAT 
Industries rose 8p to 41 7p and 
BTR Sp to 290p. British 
Aerospace was another to'find ' 
favour at 498ft up Up. 

The Famborough Air Show 


Oils succumbed to tight 
profit-taking, with Shell down 
7p to 868p, amid reports that 
Russia may double exports in 
the autumn. 

Finlaa Group gained Sp to 
70p as the company an- 
nounced a placing of convert- 
ible preference shares which 
will increase the stake of a Wg 
shareholder, Drayton Consoli- 
dated, from S to 23 per cent. 

Electricals remained dull, 
with Racal 6p Idwerat 1 76p in 
spite of the dbairman's op- 
timism at the annual meeting 
on Tuesday. . 

AEiiardened 3p to 235p on 
the profits forecast and further 
rejection .of the bid from 


Turner & Newell, which now 
has nearly IS per cent Losses 
were expected at Horizon 
Travel, the shares holding 
steady at I20p. supported by 
the stake held by Bass and IEP 
Securities. 

International Leisure added 
2p to 117p after the annual 
meeting. Glass Glover jumped 
18p to 226p, helped by a 
recent fovourahle circular and 
revived takeover hopK. 

Ault & Wiborg was hoisted 
9p to 43p foDowing. an ap- 
proach for the printing inks 
division. Fading bid hopes left 
Bowater 8p lower at 31 5p. 
Attwoods returned to favour 
at 178p, up 8p. Hopes of a bid 
also tinted Gnumess Peat 3p to 
91p and English Trast lOp fo 
153p. 

- A sharp drop in profits 
knocked I3p from Dewey 
Warren at 73p, but 

to r 5p^n P B«^Mi 1lk*e, ^ 
120p, Micro vitec, 4Ip and 
Herrburger Brooks at 70p. 

Australian shares fell 
sharply following the Draco- 
nian budget measures. The 
worst bit included the Bell 
Group at 400p, down 43p, 
National Australia Bank, 
216p,down I9pandMIM,7p 
lower at 69p. 

De Beers, at ■ 625 cents, 
recovered 12 cents of 
Tuesday’s fell which followed 
the disappointing profits and 
dividend. 


RECENT ISSUES 


EQUITIES 



180 4-1 
19440 
70 
148 -2 
143 4-1 
127 4-2 



Com mop) 

Evans Hafefttw 
Hatcher Dennys 
GT Man 

Guthrie 
Harrison 



HJBe Ergo nom 
Hughes Food 
Lon utd (nv 
MS Cash & . 

Marina Dev (11 
Morgan Grenfell 
OranSedi (33p) 
Shield (72p) 

Tandy bids 
Tharaes TV 
TMet & 

Trees ZH%yi ZM 
Unlock (63p 

mna^moor i 


234 
435 4-2 
82+3 
98-2 
438 +2 
32 
150 +5 
120 
156*a 
147+2 
237 
140 48 
£41^ 
87 
108 


93 Yehrerton (38p> 


RIGHTS ISSUES 
BBA Op NIP 
Barber & Dobson F/P 
CJtyvWon N/P 
Conrofl F/P 
Expamet F/P 
Forward Tech N/P 
Rock N/P 
Television Sth N/P 
Top Value F/P 
Yorkmount N/P 

(Issue price in brackets). 


15 

13 

28 
204-2 
171 +3 
542 
Zh 
19+2 
80 
73-3 


LONDON FINANCIAL FUTURES 


Dec 86 ; 

Mar 87 

Jun87 

Sen 87. 

DSC 87. 


See 


Low 

9042 

ClQM 

90426 

Eat tori 
35 

90-84 

'9089 


KI3 

1839 

9087 

9088 

9084 

9054 

140 

9067 

9067 

9087 


5 

90.47 

9047 


9049 

18 

NT 

. - — 

— 

9004 

0 


Previous day's total open interest 15382 
Three Mourn EunxMhr 

SepES 9393 ■ 

Dec 88 mM5 

Mar27 83J7 

JunB7 — 9X68 . 

US Treasury Bond • _ 

Sep 86 102-03 

Dac66 : — 101-24 

Mar 87. — — NT 


Previous da/? toW open Morest 19988 
93J» 9333 - mm 918 

9402 S3J5 93-98 2975 

9393 83/37 9390 391 

93.76 9398 B3J72 190 

Previous dsy^toMaperkitarast 6811 
102-15 - '101-18 .. 101-28 8418- . 

101-04 10031 101-09 535 


dE“: 

Mar 87. 


. . Previous dwrtiiptal open Wrsost 1328 

101-25 ' 101-3S ' . .10129 TTl01-2fl 181 .. 


OH 


Dec 88 

Mar 87 

JunB7 

FT-SE 100 

Sep 98-— 

Dec 88.™ 


NT 

NT 


12204 

-12209 

NT 

Nt 

161 M. 
16490 


im-ar. a 

, t 101-31 o 

Fiwtaus day's taw ow\ Merest 18445 
122-18 121-28.- - lS02 T7536 

122-14 121-25 - . 121-31 . 715. 

' — 121-24 0 

— • 121-04 0 

i Previ o u s di e 's lotilgpsn l irisr Mt 2440. 
18280- 18140 1KJB0 198. 

185JB0 164 JO 16540 39 


TRADITIONAL OPTIONS 


FMDMflags 

Aug 4 . Aug 15 

Aug.T8" . SepS ” 

8epl8 .' Sap 19 
Ps ll oq U o u S ware tafcan out eta' 

Babcock. Control Securities, Pcf 

firth Brown. Robinson. Abaco 

North Sea & General hvs 


Nov« - 
Nw 2D 
Dec4 


Hr 
NOV 17 
Deel 
Dec IB 


(Huber, 


Europe. SketcMey. CHer. Ihsco, AnocMed Brttsh Eng^ 

Baiham Group. Hi ion Trust NMC Investments. 

Pul & CMfc Hanson That 


Ryan MMmedansi, Norank System. 

r, Next, Winipey . Egnrton, Sears.TiHon 
irtteh Ekl Carieea Capei, ParMa>4 


FOREIGN EXCHANGES 


STERLING SPOT AND FORWARD RATES 


NYorfc 1^67-19052 
Montreei 28847-00942 

Ams'dam3481 (F34870 

.Brussels 83503395 
Ophgen 115800-115299 
Dubdn 1.1085-1.1140 
Frankfurt 3568035853 
Lisbon 2165301850 

Madrid 1095700009 

Man 2113.10012657 
Olfo 105455-115076 
Paris 105080-105715 
Snchtm 105160-105642 
Tokyo 22914009054 
Vienna 215O01J2 
Zurich 24604 7 4825 




Awwat 20 

15040-15050 

2591305942 

3473534781 

63758355 

115071-115238 

1.1105-1.1115 

35809-35853 

2165501850 

19951-20059 

212014012657 

105927-11-0076 

100542-105715 

105498-105842 

2305603054 

215601.72 

2478604825. 


OL46045pratn 
051-521 pram 
1 %- 1 Xprara 
18-I3prem 
1 %-Xpram 
17pram-l1(S3 
IX-lNpram 
85-185da 
4040dia 
2-5d6» 
8K-4M1S 
2%-2pram 
«-2i 
1 


Santa 

156-151 pteni 
OLfSS-OOOpneni 
3%5Kproni 



ix-lprem 


6-IOdis 

18 K-UX< 2 s 

BK-SKpnm 

1 pram-par prem 

30Xprefn 

2514-22% pram 

3K0pteni 


9latfcBlndes 6Uiap ais J «l8il87Saaa d o—elT1J(dey*aiewBa 717-71^. 


OTHER STERUNG RATES 


DOLLAR SPOT RATES 



APPOINTMENTS 


Nevi Baltic 
names 
director 

Nevi Baltic: Mr Philip 
Keane baa joined the board as 
commercial director. Mr John 
Lutterioch has been made 
managing director of the asset 
finance division. 

Sand and Gravel Associ- 
ation: Mr Colin Hurst has 
become pfenning executive 
and secretary. 

Kticrovitec: Mr Paul Dbesi 
has been made sole niapqg Tn g 
director. 

BHP Petroleum: Mr Peter 
Wflkox becomes executive 
general manager next month. 

The Cayzer Steel Bowater 
Holdings: Mr R Baitibsm has 
joined as group finance direc- 
tor and is on the boanL 



&;*■ . 
.feste- 

Archie Tbomas 

Altos Northern Europe; Mr 
Archie Thomas is now vice- 
presidenL 

Robert Fraser Arts and 
Specie: Mr Garth Bearman 
becomes chai rman, Mr Mi- 
chael Scarsbrook managing 
director, and Mr Paul Parkin- 
son and Mr Allan Whipple 
directors. 

John Sutcliffe & Son (Hold- 
ings): Mr Christopher Thomp- 
son has joined the board as a 
non-executive director. 

British Electricity Inter- 
national (BEI): Mr John 
Anderson is appointed manag- 
ing director from October. 


Top award for 
diaries Letts 

diaries Letts, the world's 
biggest diary maker, has be- 
come the first printing and 
blxshiito company to be 
awarded the British Standards 
Institution's top quality 
certification. 

The award goes to the 
company's Dalkeith, Edin- 
burgh, factory, which pro- 
duces diaries, stationery and 
books and whidi has a binding 
and printing services 
operation. . 

Mr John Ware, director of 
BS1 quality assurance ser- 
vices, said that, after the Letts 
award, many printing and 
publishing companies were 
scelring certification. 

Letts will next year cele- 
brate the 1 75th anniversary of 
its first diary. 


COMMENT 


More Institute fuel for 
fashionable gloom 


Nigel Lawson has seen enough 
gloomy National Institute forecasts 
confounded to not let another one 
spoil his holidays. Even so, the 
institute's latest will have to be 
extremely wide of the mark for things 
to turn out even moderately well. 

Consider the fore the Chancellor 
will have to set before the electorate 
for an autumn 1987 election on the 
basis of the new National Institute 
projections. The current account will 
be running an annual deficit near £6 
billion, inflation will be accelerating 
and tax cuts will have gone down the 
drain of foUing oil revenues. 

Unemployment may be down 
slightly, but only because of special 
measures. And, amid Opposition 
claims of “figure fiddling/* a shading 
of the jobless total may not be good 
enough. 

The two numbers which inevitably 
stand out in the forecast are the 
National Institute's projections for 
the current account and public sector 
borrowing next year. Both have 
collided with weak oil prices and 
come out looking much the worse for 
wear. 

The current account deficit is 
predicted to widen from £0.7 billion 
this year — itself implying a second 
half deficit of nearly £2 billion —to 
£5.8 billion next year. This would 
comfortably exceed the pre-North 
Sea, post-Opec deficit of £3.3 billion 
in T974. ^ 

The public sector borrowing 
requirement is no less a horror story — 
£1 1 billion in the calendar year 1987, 
even before the Chancellor has given 
any thought to pre-election tax cuts. 

The culprit is an oil price which, 
presumably after the current short 


rally, settles at SI 2 a barrel, and oil 4 
output which declines sharply next; 
year. Neither has yet been fully; 
reflected in the balance of payments' 
or public finances, the institute says. * : 

On the foce of it, the numbers on the. 
current account, while much more 
dramatic than we have seen from, 
other forecasters, look more plausible 
than those for the PSBR. The forecast- 
ers at the National Institute would be 
the first to admit that guessing the 
public sector borrowing requirement ; 
is not their strong point, and the ~ 
prediction squares none too well with 
this week’s figures showing the PSBR 
at worst on target for £7.1 billion, and - 
possibly less. 

If the forecast is wrong on the PSBR ^ 
but has an element of truth on the cur- 
rent account, the prospect is still* 
worrying. A balance of payments 
constraint, it appears, is looming on 
the horizon. Vet unemployment is 
still above three million and British 
industry's competitiveness is dezeri- ‘ 
orating daily, at least according to the : 
official figures for unit labour costs. 

Another party, on this view, may be T 
nearly over. The years of rapid growth 
in real incomes will have to come to 
an end. The deterioration in the 
economy will be an electoral ' 
embarrassment for the Chancellor, 
but a bigger headache for the one who 
has to present an Australian-type 
austerity package after the next 
election. 

All this, of course, is based only on a 
forecast, from a body which has no . 
time for the Government's strategy 
and has tended to operate at the 
gloomy end of the spectrum. But . 
gloom about the British economy is • 
back in fashion. 


Dee and Argyll racing on 


The unspoken rivalry between Alec 
Monk and his Dee Corporation and 
James Gulliver of Argyll is in the best 
competitive tradition. 

Both have combined rapid expan- 
sion by acquisition in food retailing 
with quick tumround, integration of 
new operations and good trading And 
both have strained the goodwill of 
City institutions with large scale 
underwritings and vendor placings 
without ever breaking it 

Four months ago it looked as 
though Mr Gulliver would steal a 
strong lead by taking over Distillers. 
In the event, he has been left to 
ponder what might have been and 
deliver a hefty bill to shareholders. 

His misery was perhaps com- 
pounded by the purchase of the Fine 
Fare chain by Dee, shunting him back 
down the food retailing league. Mr 
Monk was at it again earlier this week 
through the amicable purchase of 
Medicare. 


To make matters worse. Mr Monk 
described the period of his latest 29 
per cent rise in profits to £83 million 
as a year of consolidation, when Mr 
Gulliver had to make do with a 22 per 
cent rise to £65 million. 

The Argyll chairman, unabashed, 
and with his City reputation enhanced 
by the skilful case he amassed for 
taking over Distillers, made it dear to 
his shareholders that he will soon be 
back on the acquisition trail, notably 
in American food retailing, aiming at 
agreed bids. 

Yesterday was Mr Monk’s turn to 
report to shareholders. He cannily 
reminded City institutions that 
expansion was based on. indeed 
depended, on good performance from 
his underlying businesses. There 
should be plenty of progress this year 
from the latest acqusitions on both 
sides of the Atlantic. 

There will no doubt be more as 
Messrs Monk and Gulliver compete 
to keep the City busy. 


LONDON TRADED OPTIONS 



- 

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Me 



Me 


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SartM 

Oct 

4m 

_£CL 


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300 

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58 

72 


1850 

2 

75 

40 


55 

60 

6H 

■ — 


1875- 

1 

.14 

25 

•— 

80 

83 

88 

— 


August 20. IKS. ToW cpnwrf 28317- C«fc HS7S . ,P«»0742. . prtc*- 


HOFEX nd EriaL 


MONEY MARKET 
AND GOLD 


BbmMu% 

CfeMring Banks 10 
Finance House 10 
Discount llaffcet Lean* % 
OiwnWtf HWrlOli Low 9X 
WaefclwKtS^wi 

M(Dtsco<jnt%) 


Zmrth 9’»u 

3mnih 916 


2ranfiflft 
SmntJi 9»is 


Prime Bank Me [Discount « 

Imnth S^.o-S^ir 2mnth 9 ,B »2-9^M 
3 moth 9’»n-g"w Bmnth 9X-8‘» 
Ttede BBs (Discoimt %) 

1 ninth 10 * i« Zmnth i0'» 

3 moth 10‘s, fimntti 9X 

Overnight: opon 10V doee 11 
1 week 10X-10X B mnm 9H-8K 

1 mntfi 10 1 to- 10 Snmm9Nr9X 

3 mirth 9 U »0X I2mth 9V9K 

Local Authority DepoeHe 


2dm 9S 

ImnthSft 3fflrifh9X 


_ 9% 
6 mnm 8% 


12mth 9ft 


Local M8wriu Bead* (ft) 

1 mnm 1 0SS-io 2 mnm 105S-9JS 

3 mnm 10K-9X 6mnSb 10540ft 

9 mnm 1OX-0K 12 mm 9ft-9ft 

storing CD* nq 

1 mrrth 105ft Smmft 9*-9% 

6 mnm 9 l, »-9 , is iZmrti 9ft-9ft ' 


1 mirth 6.i£§l0 3 mirth 6.10-&95 
6 mrrth 6.10-555 12mth 656650 


EURO MONEY DEPOSITS % 


7 days 6»w-6ft 
9 mnm B'u-S 1 ** 


7 days 4»>»-4 ’m 
3 north 4*1*4’* 


7 daw T*!*-?”!* 
3 mirth 7X-7K 


7 days 1»'i»-1’is 
3 mnm OirOii 
Yon 

7 days 5V5 
S north *«»4''is 


cal 8%-Sft 
1 mnm (Prt- 6 ' 10 . 

6 north B , u>-5' 6 *! 

cat M 
1 north 4*»4 »m 
6 ninth 4*it-4 l ia 
caS 7K-6tt 
1 north 7ft-7ft 
Bmnth 7ft-75t 
cart 254-1 K 
1 mnth 4 , r#-4*w 
Bmnth 4ft-4X 
cal SfMft 
1 mrtih 5-4K 
Bmnth 4"»Pu 


GOLD 


0okfcS377JS37ft25 


751 


ECGD 


Fixed Rate Sterling Export Finance 

Scheme rv Average reference ram .for 

interest period July 7. 1988 to 
August & 1986 tetaMK 10509 per 
art 


• MICROV1TEC: Interim 
dividend OJp (same) for the six 
montbs to June 30, payable on 
Oct. 6. Turnover £10.04 minkm. 

1022 million). Pretax profit 
173,000 (£535,000). Earnings 
per share l.6p(L3p). 

• MARKING NAMES; Divi- 

dends payable in Canada and in 
the USA on or after August 6 
and up to and including August 
12 1986 are valued at 46.3 Ip per 
Caoiand 65. JOp-per USS 

"1 



GROUP OF COMPANIES 
Exited from 


1986 ANNUAL REPORT 


1 must thank and pay 
tribute to all our staff during 
the past year's trading and 
congratulate them on a great 
team effort which has produced 
an excellent year end result at a 
time when business has proved 
difficult 

The Group's most important 
asset is people. New techniques 
and motivation are only as good 
as the people trained to use 
them, in the OCS Group, we are ' 
fortunate indeed in the diverse 
skills and loyalty of our people. 

Their ability to deal with the inevitable problems 
that arise in business has been astonishing and 
because our country is experiencing a number 
of fundamental changes those problems have 
been many and varied in recent years. 

This commitment rs returned from our 
shareholdens and Boarcl of Directors by re- 
investment oi&4% of the after tax profit, to 
finance expansfon and organic growth. There 
hawe been many takecweis in our sector in recent 
months and I hasten to re-state the shareholders’ 
intention to remain a family controlled group, 
holding 98% of foe share capital. 

I will now bring you up to date with current 
and future trading of the Group:- 

Group sales are up £ million 

£&4mat£104m 
Pre-tax profit on ordinary 
actlvltes after Interest 
payable of £0568m 
Tax and minority interest 
Profit after tax 

Profit on extraordinary items 
OjGS. Group Profit 
Dividends 
Retained profit - 
Earnings per ordinary share 
ofSOp 

The two cleaning divisions have traded with 
excellent results: they represent just under 50% 
of our total Group sales. Office Cleaning 
Services UK shows an increase on sales of 6% 
producing record profits. New Century and 
Factory Cleaners have also traded at record levels. 



DerakGoodStto. Group Chatman and 
Managing Director. 

MANAGING DIRECTOR’S ~~ 
REPORT 


5J523 up O20Q 
2X05 

3.488 up CL221 
1 £30 up 1-456 
5.118 up ^S77 
0814 up 0076 
4304 up 1,601 

292p Up20p 


The laundry group have 
responded to enthusiastic 
direction by turning a breakeven 
result in 1985 into a profit of 
£Q.187m. This is very encouraging 
and I congratulate them on this 
exciting tumround. 

In the hygiene division Cannon 
UK has again traded with distinc- 
tion whilst Centuiyan Services has 
produced very disappointing 
results and a major reorganisation 
is currently taking place 
The security division has yet 
again produced record sales but 
profit margins have come under pressure. Further 
operational control centres are now in place 
around foe country. Ws have moved Vitopan to 
Bolton reducing running costs, and A.M.E.L has 
been reduced to a profitable level. The two 
construction divisions have had mixed fortunes 
with R Fox, Centuryan Safety. Cotswold 
Casement, Woodside Glass and Cradle Runways 
all trading well. We are however, confident that 
these two divisions will soon contribute the return 
expected following foe large investment from the 
Group. 

Bom our UK associates Ken Negus and 
Ernest Noteutt yet again produced excellent 
results. 

In an effort to reduce our bank borrowings and 
the interest payable and at the same time provide 
finance for organic growth and acquisitions, your 
board have sold various properties surplus to 
requirements whilst at foe same time reorganising 
and purchasing new premises: this has produced 
a large surplus in the twerall profit from 
Extraordinary items. 

I am confident that our future trading results 
will improve yet again producing higher sales and 
profits; current indications and budgets confirm 
my remarks. The Group are currently negotiating 
for several acquisitions and I will give you more 
details when foe legal formalities are completed. 

The Group has traded with enthusiasm and ■ 
confidence, We are all looking forward to another 
exciting year ahead to tackling enormous 
opportunities which are becoming available . 

in the total building maintenance A j 

3ist July 1986 


OCS GROUP LIMITED 

OFFICE CLEANING SERVICES LTD., THE NEW CENTURY CLEANING CO LTD., 

SMARTS GROUP LTD., CENTURYAN SECURITY LTD., WEST LEIGH GROUP, CANNON HYGIENE LTD. 
79 UmpsfieJd Road, Sanderstead, Surrey CR2 9LB 































uuauNiaa Ainl> riiNAisCr 


MES THURSDAV AUGUST li ly 60 


THE TIMES UNIT TRUST INFORMATION SERVICE 


UBEY UNTT TDUSFMANMSR9 

80. HoWwWurii Ha Baunwrnou* 3HS SAL 

CM 717373 [Lmxmel ' 


G4<**»ed 1 1 fl.J 1252 *10 9H 

t*gr me Earn S30 sa a» -a 3 soi 

WontMnM Sana 194.4 jC7.Be *04 + 67. 

Anwrw Grown i$3.0 1G2.7 . -09 i S3 

tear plate (93 510 *0.1 302 

Assets ' £ Earns 103 7 1109 -06 £ifl , 

CssWHlUM 66 0 6S4 ...152, 

Ccmnrfi Ewey 71 J 783 -05 210 

Ongnn Capa) 99,3 iOS.6 +1.3 *40 

Canarfl 1351 I44*e -05 29* 

JMin— ' - 8S1 90B "-1.2 

UK fiwti Inc 972 1043 -0 1 2.17 

DO A«wn -130««T —-B7T51 

US Eimrons CoV 55* 59 2 -05 068 
Earns P totbss . I9i 7. £0«1. -05 135 

MttMRO&x . . 55,0 - gw:- -XU »« 







m 








m 


"T ; m 









Mu Ml me 
PM Sn»W- 
Commodrtj 
Frans* Sacs 
float A flan 
hi lmu» 

Prop Suras 

linn EiWjr 
Teen 

Am* aowtn 
Amer Income 
uw Smswr Cos 
AuS 3w3i 
Euro SnWUr 
Far Em 
none Kui^, Pit 
Inti Growth. 

4*om Ran 
japan SmaMr 
Eumal 

Exempt U«Ut 

BROWN SHIPLEY 
9-17. Pare/moum R 
0444 450144 
FMnoai 

Smrter Cos Acc 

Dc liW"« 
rtgn income 
hoame 

Man Porta*o me 
Oo Are 

Norm Amman 
Oners 


BM Otter Cnng ffl 


191 B 704.6 -15 JIB 

180 192* *0.11058 
1175 l»D -0B 277 
474 306 209 

154 169 

196 17 7 .<>51 

66 8 71 3 -0.1 1-0 

46.0 4M* -05 15* 
412 43M . fl» 

97 2 1037 -05 354 
58 7 B25 551' 

22J 24 Z -02 039 
£49 659 -20 1 76 

182 173 *01 020 

538 57.40 078 

25V 208W .T?-*! 

376 40.1 +02 1 47 

835 . 09. 1 +05 

165 175 • 

823 862 -UrS-Tf I 


«i«l man*! Trust 
FnM fett 
Tm Of aw Trusts 
SeaMI S<1* Trust 
Nm Amer Trust 
Far Eastwri Trust 

m 6nj*«P 


SO oner 0*15 no 


75.6 905 -111 S09 

533 MM *03 ASS 
60 7 646* *02 1 38 
745 793 -03 241 

595 833 -05 168 

855 91.4* *03 054 
515 5*5 ■ -Oi 103 


BC OBre Crmg nc 


GUINNESS MAHON UNIT TRUST 
ItANAQERS 

?0 B0 « 442 . 32 St Mary - at - H #, London EC 3 P 


Sc es*ar CB*q YU 


823 862 
64 7 07.7 


-OTilT? 

414 


Rd. mywants. HoiltT 


1243 13305 +03 237 
£87.7 8443 -05 . • 

1465 1575 -03 036 

65 8 708 *0 1 571- 

75.7 B1* *02 4.04 | 

004 845* +0.1 310 

1013 10855 +02 
59.9 833 -0.1 ’33 

882 949 -04 022 


EOUfTYlLAW _ 

St George Hu Corpeoaon Si Coventry CVi 
<90 

0203 S53231 

UK (frgwin Accum 1473 iS66 -03 lea 

Do Income 1779 1160 -03 340 

Mower me Oman -MUJII*.. *02-458 
To mama- 197 1 2095 *02 438 

GJwJFiied Aceun 1026 KJ7 9 -09 263 

fla Income . 07 7 923 *0B'Z83 

MU 4mo> TM Accum 1335-4420 - -Ofl-we 

Far East Til *eeum 164 7 1752 *4.3 037 

Euro TEt A mm 1809. 171.1 -25 1 02 
Guam Trust _ 2365 £513 -05 125 

FI C UNTT MANAOBtfNT 

1. Lawanea Ptwtnoy ho. Lonccn ECifl USA 

01-823 4000 

US Smaller Cos 715 765 -09 027 

Caonatfird <072 1147 *43 029 

meoma Fund. 79 1 846 -0 1 468 

Far Easmm Fund 79.1. Bt7 *04 031 

Ovanaas meoma 777 774 -02 356 

FMUMMpU 551 822 -13 930 

wnni Has Find. 373 406 -03 420 

EirapMn income 4T5 872 *0.1 304 


tagh heme 51 0 542 

N-Amtr Tryst 1032 W 99 

Rac e nar y 204 1 2172 

Trust 392 405 

S> V-nem he 02.7 853 

S! Vmnt US Gar 74 9 711 

Tamoto Bv Sm CO ■ 1715 1413 
Tempi* Bar USU 3555 3849 


510 54.75 -<11 & S3 

1032 1093 -12 038 

204 1 2172 *06 237 

392 40M *03-657 
027 052* -0.1 US 
74 9 76 18 -15 078 

1715 MU 327 

355 5 3840 294 


BUOIIUSTPI MANAGEMEN T 

The Stock E utanga UWOn EC2P 217 
01-898 299 


General me (41 
DO Acorn l«» 
Income Find 13] 
Do Accum (3) 
ho me IZ1 
Oo Accum PI 
■ Smalm me (Si 
□o Accum |S) 


3090 £30.7 
3351 3523 
101.6 1071 
<782 1879 
130 » 1300* 
1743 181.6 
Cl 122 1193 
El 1.98 12.71 


3.18 
3.18 
+24 4.54 
*41 454 
1.43 
VO 
£79 
279 ! 


FS (MVE&m&fT MANAGERS 

190 west George St. Gtaagaw d2 2PA 

0*1-332 3i» 

Balanced Gtn me 43 6 484 

□0 Accun 442 47.1 

Income Oh Inc 402 OB 

Do Accum <22 4*5 

Sanaa CD's he 48 1 512 

Do Accum 46.7: -513 














CSntNO MANAGERS 

125. M91 Hoeam. London wwv Gpr 
' 01-2421118 - . - 

CS Jsoan Fund - '953 1020 +0 

CANNON FUND MANAGERS ' 

1. ONnmte Way. Wemttay. HAS ONB '■ 
01-907 8876 


atom 

income 

Far &st 

Noon American 

GUMI 

European 

Japan 


Z793 £946* -02 303 
322 9 M 5M -+0.T 331 
217.7 231 s *1 0 029 

151 3 1610 -15 057 

*9 7 5 *01 130 
509 5*2 *02 100 

61.* 653 *0 4 050 




m mm 







l h+iTiliiiiiiii1 


CAPEL (JAMES) MANAOEMENT 
PO Bo* 551 Bm Mams London ECS 7JG 
01-621 0011. 

Capital 363 5 3888 1-88 

InctRM 279.6 299 1 434 

Norm American . 287.7 3078 -03 086 

Cater allEN 

1. King HWam Sr. EC4N 7AU 
01-623 6314 

G* Trust . 1025 109 M *081092 

CENTRAL BOARD OF FMAHCE OF 
CHURCH OF ENGLAND 
Z Cone street. London ecsr 5AO - 
01-588 1815. 

Uw Fund 397.9 447 

Fuao hn 144 4 ■- . 590 

OotsL . 1IU0 . 970 

CHAWneSOFFOAL WVEBIMBirrnNO 
■ 2. Fdm SaaaL London EC2Y SAQ . 

01-583 1010 ' . C. 

Income 364 J 4 805 

Accum £106781 : .. 

Depot*. 100.0 ’ - 6*5 

CLBttCALMEDtCAL UNimtUST 

MJUUIEIIS 

Narrow Plan. Bnstd BS2 OJH 
0000 373383 

Amer Growtn ' . 226-24* — -0.7 130 

EouUy Kgn Income 417 (44 .. (.70 

Emopaan Growth 294 313 *04 200 

General Equty 303 *0 0* -0.1 260 

G4t 0 Fried Ufl Gdl 302 313a *02 330 

G*t S Fond Inc 254 266 *07 930 

man Sennas 25 * 26 J -01 230 

Japan Grown 300 304 *0.1 090 

COUNTY UT MANAGERS LID 
161. Cmumm. London EC2V 0EU 
01-728 IWET 


Energ y TruaB 

Extra hcoma 
Fmaroal 
Get Strategy 


45.4 402* 
161.4 171.7a 
167 6 1782a 
563 502 


+05 18* 
-04 M8 
-1.4 Z35 

— .. 133 

Growth Irwastmem 2600 297.8a -09 254 

(ncome t Growth 39.6 42 la .456 
-Japanese 4 Pscdc- 2065 219.7 +68 052 

Not Amer Grown 1015 1083 -08 1.14 

Inti Recmmry ins' 1164a -06 1.00 

Smaaar C01 210 a 2242a -23 1.87 

CSobal Inc T« S7.0 613 . -at 522 
Sceaai Sts Acc 2779 2955 *--07 150 

CHOWMUN1T TRUST SERVICES 
Crown House. Wofcmg GU21 IXW 
0*962 5033 

Hon bieoma Tins 2388 2552 "" -13 3.12 
Growth Trusl 2107 2315a -12 311 
American Trust 1283 1372 _ -13 0.73 

CRUSADER UNIT TRUST MANAOBtS LTD 


Raoain. Srnay RH2 88L 
07172*2*24 

UK hmme 493 525 .. 4.47 

UK Grown Accum 485 51.9 -0.1 2*3 

DO OW 48 6 51.8 -0.1 243 

European Grown 545 58.1 *05 1.83 

Parte Grown 588 605 +05 

CFM UNTT TRUST MANAGERS 
4 j MeMRe Creioant, Edmourgn 
031-228-3492 



Amman Fwid 
.Capai Fund ' 


735 785 
942 100.7 




Grown a ine Find ' 12&5 -t353a - . 
Ron Dot Find . .-1075 114 4 *03 

tnam a aonaCFund 197.2 211.0 *05 

Resouren Fund I 223 23.6 -02 

Sn* Jap Co'S Fits 373 39.9 -0.1 

Tokyo F’.tO 1873 2005- +1* 

(Es| Amer CO 1503 1553 +28 

® Japan [31 . 1183 1201 

Parte I4> 2933 3037 . 1 

(Ex) SmaSar jap («) 2120 22£ 1 
Eurofund 27.1 229 *21 : 

EAGLE STAR UNIT TRUST MAMAOER3 
Bam Road. Chaaarfiam. Gtoucanr GL33 : 
0242 52131I.' 

UK Balanced inc ' 683 723 -21 

Do Accum 693 740 -0.1 

UK Grown Accum 829 883 -03 

UK High Inc he 043 826 -02 

N American Acorn 023 707a -03 

F»r Easwn Aceura 107.*: 1145a -+15 
Eurapeun Accum - 81.9 073a *08 
jUK OB 4 R me . 540 524 +01 


.UK 08 6 R me . 

Do Accum • 


540 524 
563 602 




mo ou*i Cnrrg -he 


NORWICH UT MANAGERS 
PO Bax 4 Nonnai «)1 3NG 
0603 622200 

Gw Trust 21202 1S-66 -80* 3“ 

M Trial 1J0S 1374 -08 12* 

OB PE W g MER TRUST MA NA GE M ENT 
K Cannon SbaaL LMO" EC4N SAL 
ONbnpS 01-230 388^8.7,29^ 

I d MU AH ah t t QrpwWi 1424 152 4 109 

manna A Od wi h 8Q1 647 -0 1 308 

woddwaa Rae 953 913 *^*2 12® 

A*MT«M.GiewB 323. 346 _ -03 _ 000 
Japan Gm<m 6S4 700 . 000 , 

European (frown 08.1 74 Da *1.1 0.07 

UK Grown 523 083 +24 1 18 

Px3« &gw«t - 510 . 575 -24 I* 

High Income 33 3 35 7 717 

PrecWMhcnna 540 575 *01 2.14 

Doaccub 87 7 10<0 *02 2.14 


ZSZRan Hocwn 
01-495 8*4 1 
Crpwn Fihd me 
Do Aceun 
hcoma Fu*d 
hAEawy he 
Do Acrum 
UlM Trust Inc 
08 Accun 


012 973 
1370 1457 
1201 1278 
134 0 1425 
1340 1428 
1272 l3S3 
2203 2H4 


PRPE1UAL UNIT TRUST 
48 Han Siren. Harney O mamas 
048T 570868 


ha Grown 
menma 

WOHftndB Roc 

Amer Grawr 

W Emarg Cos 
Far Eaji Grwti 
Eurepaao on 


2717 2959 
180 8 3022 
151.3 162* 
70S 73.* 
815 87.8 
798 040 
613 699 


074 
-03 420 
IN 
-04 071 
-01 057 
*01 OSS 
1.41 


PROLIFIC UWT TRUSTS 
222 Bonmuta. Lome EC2 
01-2*7 75*4/7 


Rrei hcorea 
Con. AG*. 
Far EasMm 
North Amam 

Extra income 


1177 1M2 ■ 

6iD ffi.81 
96* '039# 
1326 3*5 
13l.fi USA 
69.1 74 4a ‘ 

HOI 1192- . 
072 KU 


PRUDENTIAL tRRT mum 
51-08. fiord m. Kora Esc 
01-470 3377 

Hamam E»rty 395 7 
European 1020 

Konom Comms 526 
Hoaom Milne ©J 
Hoeom M 101.fi 

Japanese 1060 

N Americ an 754 

Hdbpm Spec SM 643 
Homom UK (frpwOi 10 8 
HoBw m GR Trust 1907 


4909 -1.4 326 

10S5 +1.0 050 

559a *02 004 
700 *02 031 

TOfLOa .. 080 
112 7c +ij) an 
( 0 ? -QJ nee 
0A4a -03 207 
859a -02 218 

2011 +1.9 245 


DIIKTCT MANAOEMENT COMPANY 
31+5 Gresham EL London CC7V TIN 
01-600 4177 

OuadraM Gawp 00.1 *STt 

Qua dure henna 2353 ISO* 

OuadraM me Fd 308 « *08.9 

Quadrarx HaCO vary 2562. 2728 ■; 

NMROTHSCHUJD ASSET MANAGEMDir 
. SI SndhMLana. London JEC+R 4DU; 

01-260 5*58 
NC America he 2M-2 3023a -1 3 173 
Oo'Acom ' 308J 3268a -18 123 
NC'EnrgyflM T31 0 1»2 - ^ 

NC h c oma B7.7 912 -02 382 

HCjStT 1999 212 6 +2* 001 

NC SmaAar Cos i*0« WSJ +0-1 1 «• 

icawbrncoT leas 2003 +1.1 0J2 

UC EremtA GB C129D 0*0 

NC Amar Prop SH87 1218 

NC Property 1513 1602 


ROWAN UNIT TWIST 

33 Kmg W*tm SnatL LCadOP EC4H 9AS 
01-038 5678 

Amencan (4) =33 □ 2372 184 

saemres a 716.0 73i Da 2a 

HrtVWdA IBS 5 1732 . . 150 

MWr" *048 4122* +80-181 

Freed NWMW 1710 17*0 *1.0 32 

Kno mwiast i2*0 <230 * ,ol J a I 

Pm EMI a 2*60 2512 018 


i a ill, 1 !- ' ' 


GUM am me a* J< * 

Da Acc 295 21 4 

M4A*B*d Exempt iiBO >2*0 

scomnouHRDUi . 

28. Si Andrew* So. tontoffi 
031-556 9101 

e« mama Uren IW3 093 

DO eecun =5 3 237 6 

SCOTTISH LM MVOTMCKTS 
19 51 Aiufrewl SO. Ed**fr9h 
031 225 7211 

UK Emaly 182= 19*9 

M76 1597 
Parte <959 2096 

European 244 7 201 9 

SCOTTISH MUTUAL MVESTMENT 
MANAGERS 

109. Vwcare St. Ghnaw G2 5HN 

0*1-2a 6100 

UK Equity 1609 1776 

08 & Fried 1191 1268 

U> Snr Co i Ed 1 * 66 TS 6 0 
Eiiropoan 207 1 =04 

N American 1124 1196 

Parte 1187 2009 

SCOTTISH tMT TRUST 

29. cnarena So. EftOargn 
□31-225 *372 

Parte 71.4 78* 

World Grown 370 *05 

N American 1* 0 36* 

Income F imd 444 478a 

tuepta 4*5 47* 

N Amar me 361 280 

UK Grown 30.9 33 I 

Extra m 318 33.7 

SCOTTISH WOOWS ' 

PO Box 902. EOnoorgh EH18 580 
(01-665 6000 

Pag Eq he ' 231 2 7*60 

% Accun 2M 1 2932 

SCNTWELRimS MAJUOCWHT 
» Cdy Rd. London EClY JAY 
01-630 0011 

Amar Tatfi A Gan 1015 1006 
Parte 20i s K5 9 

3ac hcome Fno 188 S 160 Jw 
Gpaca< Situapons 20*0 2i8J 
kh Grown 330 351 

Amarcan Mxfara 72 3 77 J 

SnrtCoa^ 392 419 

japan Tech 8 Gan 1176 126 0 
mtunnonai income S65 608a 

Exempt 5362 5737 

UK General 332 35.6 

Euro OO* 35J 378 

Et*o hcoma 42.1 48 la 


•07 083 
-0.1 199 
-01 1 58 
-01 587 





2010 2159 
1005 1903a 
20*0 2188 
330 361 
7 73 774 
392 419 


5362 5737 
334 319 
354 378 
42.1 45 ia 


•09 024 
*17 000 
-02 4.15 
-30 149 
•07 016 
-04 041 
1 (P 
*08 ODD 
+08 504 
225 
-04 101 
+10 042 
•06 480 


-02 281 
-0.8 < 33 

♦0.1 029 


ROYAL LRF1M) MANAGEMENT 
New Hal Plan. Lompoc* L69 3HS 
051-227 «422 

EraM- Trust 813 662 

iapnllM - - ' 748 797*. 

G4t Trust 269 294 , 

US Trim 335 3*3 

Pachc Basel Tm 4+8 47.4 

20 Canon 4 l Leaden EC2 
01-920 03ff 

Eouky Dai 1100 l»9 

DPJtcaMi 1811 173.6 

X m a ni a Trust 89 6 91* 

accun 1056 1124 

US GRMfi 57.1 60S 

Dp Accun 578 B2.1 


ROYAL LONDON UWT TRUST MANAGERS 
Royal London House. CUcnienr COi IRA 
006 576115 

Amman Grown 60 3 9« «a -08 000 

CxpdM Accum 1704 1098 . -C.B 210 

CMtmcuna 508 595a . +0* 687 

Kgn Meoma 795 148a -18 4S* 

JKOfM A oowta 994 . 1056a -04 428 

Japan Gm» 1012 1074 +14 00* 

Special «a 1004 1114 -04 (45 


21 warn RdL Hureud RM1.3LB - 
8B01 Ouaan 8L Edrtimn EH2 4NX 
(Rorrdord) 070166966 Or (&knj 031-228 7351 
Amar me A Grown 669- 736 • -03 040' 
CxptoJ Units • 1024 T09J -01 40* 

Commaaty 454 M 4 -0.1 T28 

Energy has - 438 408 -05 4.13 

European Grown 111.7 1194 ..+08 0*8 

E*amtn mc-Brel 798 ■ 83.7a -02 547 

- Do mu Ml *14 644 : . 223 

EMWMIon 39.1 418 -08 OOO 

Fmancm Secs 1004 1072 . . 2JM 

GW A FI inc 647 £8 +031071 

Hfcn Ratun Unci 1798 1924a -04 107 

M0l Yield umta. 1639 1752 -02 L3T 

toeoma Una 901 9E9a -on EH 

hronunart Treat 8aj 925 *02 263* 

ha ma aonat 1189 1214 .. lia 

Japan Gronth _ 1055 1139 *19 


SOWONA COATES 

Llanaon WU BhJM. London 0C3* SPT 
01-580 36*4 Bn 357 

SoactfSan- 497.. 328 075 

STAWAHDUFE ’ 

3. George St. Edmtaflri DC 2XZ 
0» 2292592 ^ rnr . 

Income Up*> . .'-252.270* -01339 

• Op Accum Ulan 278-216 -02 337 

STZWART.tVQNVUwr TRUST . 

MANAGERS • ■ 

45. Cnanooa Sq. EawOugb 
031-2=6 3271 




Amarc a n Fund 
Da Accun 
' Do WntP a w a 
AMaakan Fund 
Do Accun 
BnMh Form 
00 ACCUra 
Eorooaan fund 
Do Accum 
Japan Fond 
Do Acoan . 

Smmppp 


2266 Hi 4 

854 4 2710 
mo 1694 
99.1 1QS4 
100 7 HJ72 
807 7 6473 
9165 671.9 

398.6 3207 
32*9 3481 
3579 3012 

359.6 3831 • 
1698 1753. 


-14 243 
-20 252 
-13 242 
-38 128 
-42 148 
*43 442 


Japan Smjter Gb* 1290 U7.1 
MMprfUW 298 21 i 

New Technology • 897 959 
5E Axtx Groerdr - (009 1079 


SeoifrWdP 
smed Uammoru 
Sorter Ctf* me 
Scnrti 90MIKHM 

US 

Umrereat Growth 


901 963W -0.1 EH 

8EJ 928 +02 263* 

1139 1204 .. 110 

<065 1119 +18 

129 0 137.1 +02 .. 

298 319 ... 287 

997 959 -0.1 .. 

(008 1079 : -04 278 
1303'- <395# .+0.1 5r 
1520 1625 '-704 395- 

1524.1625 '04*47 

SOI 030 .. 152 

159J5 1706 .'*<L* *28 

.91.1 97.* '-03 242 
1734 10BM . -05 2.73 
728 77.6 0.7 183 

905 962 ..148 


UNLISTED SECURITIES 





• Ex dtutdancL c Curv (bwtonti k Cim 
Stock spM. » Ex stock S0*t-m Cum «l 
{Any two*or more of abowef » E* a« (any 
two or more ot aixwe/. Oerfmg qt 
valuation days: (1) Monday. (2) Tuesday. 
(3) Wednusday. (4) Thursday (5) Pnflay 
(20) 25th of month. (2T) 2nd Thursday <A 
inonih. (2a TM ana 3rd Wednesday of 
month. (23) 2flth of month. (3» I 3rd 
Knday of month. P5)*ist and 4"5 
Thuredayof montfi. (2® 4th Tuesday of. 
month. (27) 1st WSdnssdayof mooHt(2B 
Last Thursday of month. itS) 3rd wertang 
day of month. (30} ifittr of month. <3T) 1st 
wwtang day of month. (32) ,20th o( month. 
(33) 1 m day of Fetxuary- May, AuguM. 
NtMHnbw. (34) Last wortthq day Jof 
month. (35) 15th of month. (3&1 ism of 
month. f37) 2 1st of month. (38). 3rd 
WMniwday of month 03) 2nd 
vyadnesday of month . (40) ValuM 
morahfy. . (41) Last Thursday of Stock 
Exchange account. (42) Last day Ot 
month. (43) 2nd and 4th Wednesday of 
month (441 Ouanorty. (451 6th of month. 
(46) 2nd Tuesday of month ( 


1W6 

Htrpi l*jw Company 


Grow 

Uv YU 

Pro Cnge pence ** P/E 


<966 

H-qn Law Cgmpary 


60 38 

86 85 
220 1*5 
103 65 

665 *20 
1*8 M 
150 93 

*7 36 

83 72 

IBS 100 
17 II 
60 .72 
<96 85 

is* a 

1ZB « 

91 U 

12* 116 
36 18 

US 91 

<00 <60 

92 50 

+9 36 

210 133 
255 196 

a » 


Gross 

®» YU 

Pnes Cnge pence % P/E 


. . ..110 
44 48112 
75 4 A 11.1 

27 25 '157 
11.7. 18173 

4.1 28204 

37 48' . 

.24 68 1ZT 

SO 94 144 

5.1 14 164 

.. ..ECO 
.32 74 106 

11 28 172 
43 38 ISO 

. 62 .SO IB 

38 50 105 
*9 4.1.128 


INVESTMENT TRUSTS 


1986 

l+gri LOW Conpawy 


22 



42' 


19 42 Ids 



A4D 5 4 16* 



5-0 23 <89 

I*a 

*1 





100 

*5 

60 GlO 72 





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1«5 

• 



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296 

e 

52 1.7 162 






116 40 104 

75 








1.4 ,?43 32 

27 

-V 


165 

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as 



« 



123 


30 28 192 

325 


17.9 &5 12.7 


+ 1 



*2 


127 

+2 

31 2*702 

7 


30 422 . 

240 


62. 22256 

11 






s+a 

-25 


it 

-3 

12 21 83 

164 

*1 





32 



Bfl 


5.6 e* 102 

124 

+4 

3.9 3.1 136 




155 


3.1 20 7&5 

*8 


82 

106 

-2 

18 1 7 206 

40 

+2 

7 1*178 29* 

250 


5.7 23 14.6 

93 


17 42 12* 

116 



330 


7+ 22 23.4 

50 



-106 


76 72 92 

60 


2.8 3.5 162 . 

63 

• 

&0 95 125 

ao 


1 0 1 J 130 

46 


. . 28.B 

160 

+7 


no 

*-3 


66 

+5 

1.4 21 9* 


. +3 

4* 25 21 4 

62 



» 



14? 



46 


29 6* 95 

1J8 

m 

29 2.1 181 

75 

m 

5* 72 5 7 

73 

-13 

1D.7 14.7 *5 

196 

-10 

7 0 MJM 

424 

-<o 

56 IJ^Sl 

20'. 


23 1.5 156 

43 

-2 

2S 5* 133 - 

IX 

-6 

3.1 24 Z? 6 

27 

- . 

0* 15 20 1 

=45 


06 35 l<2 

25 



37* 


96 26 172 

120 

-5 

4 6 38 190 


-3 

23 25 130 

B 

*1 

1* 175 32 


A 

7.1 4* 10.9 

245 



?M 

■ 


14? 

-2 


55 


19 7 1 1B8 



<7 57 25 


-3 


72 


jc 50<6 7 


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207 




390 233'.- 
1*S 143'i 
J1& 195 
205 .SO 
96 90. 

30': 7 
<13 105 
133 105 
■56 115 
3+0 200 
24 72': 

14 6-v 

.166 IIS 
255 108 

=30 155 
3< <6 

115 <4 

103 86 

353 190 

32 IS 
350 Z33 
130 1HT 
26 1 
<48 10S 
JIB 73 
70 +0 

330 2S3 

90 67 
300 220 

' 33 55 

113 67*5 
113 67 
83 37 

125 70 
*3 3= 

m ioo 

91 73 

<*0 S3 
<96 133 
62 17 

8* 77 

HS 160 
100 1D1 
125 55 Mu 

04 54 
» 90 

176 32 • 

35 9 

116 101 
T3S 93 
=63 195 
220 138 

96 75 

19 9 

75 21 

1*8 1*0 
390 350 
06 95 

102 71 .- 

95 SO- 
TO) 360. 

220 118 
47 22- 

1B3 82 

305 231 
193 165 
si 18 MU 
47 13 

15B 106 
12* 82 
15B 145 
50 25 

..23: IS': 

US 63 
175 >26 
367 237 
31 13 New 


97 *2 

170 -5 

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43 

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120 

107 

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109 

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255 <68 a az>t- 


88 91 7.6 
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1J 27 182 
183 89188 
122 32 153 


10 29 171 
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80 19 202 

-.0.7 ID 169 
0* *7 85 

88 24 199 
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79 4jD 97 
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140 -1.9 113 
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86 29 202 
100 88 85 
4.0 73 59 
1.4 1 7 239 


43 *2 219 
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5* 22 21.8 
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43 48 22.1 
232 .. 2.1 

50 200 1.7 
39 23449 

88 24 194 
63 53169 
3.5 89 183 
17 23182 
23 0*686 

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39 LO 279 
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7.9 45 92 
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29 15 259 

89 33 130 


21 42 2* 9 

92 

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SB 29 183 

24 130 42 


43 39 164 
10 1.7 63 
3.4 80 129 


271 -2 43 16 2S9 

JJ 21 03 95 

<13 • -5 46 41 129 

205 


200 135 
27 14 

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123- 86 
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'.283 116 

2+5 90 

156 83 

143 110 
Pi 2 

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48 18 

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123 85 

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<05 66 

62 22 
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42 15 Roam 

190 70 

67 30 

85 63 

290 145 
138 112 
126 73 

a ia 

130 104 • 

178 138 
195 1=0 
110 71 

26 7 

350 >71 

355 253 . 

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173 <2S 

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131 96 

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103 71 

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93 59 
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114 109 Tau 
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205 115 
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116 70 

272:160 Them 
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ISO 138 
470 270 
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139 

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103 

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131701 

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82 -2 

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95 

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23 11.6 

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51 

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173 *3 

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148 e 

23 

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+4 ' 

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£6 

e-i 

13 

2* 

1*1 

33 

22 

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2*0 £5 


350 34+ Grammar . . 348 

320 IIS Gresham Ho u se US ■ 1 
19* 150 Hanbro* - 170 
328 283 H»« _ '322 

800 MO MMtVSuCCaU 790 1 
25+ 2*4 In* Gant. . 2 « .( 

185 132 Mxy A Skua 132 ' 
S3 +5 Juan AaaMa 62'i , 

101 80 IOmmoh Charesr 86 

132 1 icr. K r a r +on o asaa 126 ; 
_2S5 237 Khmwon .tRMBir 2K - 

233 180 LmDUmrOn 229 < 

;70 ., 90 'Wn-Uardure Sk d ; 

.71 60'i Lm Do*i 64 '*1 

•.128:, 102 Marcharea - 114 

234 ■ 101 Monk* 21* 

i» 120 ■Wrey'fiEome — 155“ 

:R7 13T Murxy W ■ " .' T8» 1 

326 215 Murray SmaT' -328 < 

300 3ir .Muniy Vanara — 380 “ 
:++0 300 New Court . 420 

. 66 48 New Darien 00 - 58 

189 <58 826 . 108 

h 504 N-tnrog me 63 0* 

271 185 time Tokyo 271 

338 278 NBlABaraicSeC 338 

81 20 were Assam 77 

390 273 NBh Amar 390 

201 1+5 Ouiwldl 198 

79 66 Pterfc Assam 79 

88 3f ObWmt* 35 

4= 30 Pare d wl Asasm 37 

+05 331 Partin . 300 

171 1*7 Rreer A Marc-' 180. 

256 218 FWerPMM 'Hi 

171 TO . Hppeoo. t zn 
247 161 Rotrco • 3*6 

335 267 : Romay . 330 . 

14S IVrRUUnO E14 1 !. 

138 116 St AnUawp 138 

374 297 . ScodWi 373 

323 173 'Scot American 310 ' 

115 89 ,SC« EMMTO . 115 - 

; 420 390 SCO* MeiC -A' - 387 

528 +OZ Sax Mto# S2D 

-318 2*5 Scot ton 290 

'670 S70 Secana-ANanre 667 

- 81 67 '. -Smaler Cpc - SO 

61 35 SMwart Bnurp. *2 1 


2A_ 0L7 .. 

65 22 319 

64 06 392 
IS* 40 292 
012 MT .. 
.06 26713 
9J 5216.1 
0.1 02 .. 
33 36 *1.0 


90 32 278 

32. ,52.452 
IT 17 *38 
6.1b S4 30.1 
37 L7 606 
■“ 77n'52'3t7' 
- 7.1 D ** 3*2 
' 19 12 . . 

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213 5J 29.1. 
02. 1*03.7 
57 30 360 
U 75 18.1 
1.1 0 * . . 
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07 16 31+ 

7.7b 22 712 
4* 25 509 
LO T3952 

05 1* 97* 

,17.1 4* 396 

■ Ub 5* 2* 4 - 
12* 5.127* 


at TR Auania 86 

95 TO Cm. Of lan DM109 
155 tr md A Gen 1H 
100 V TO NatuM Ras 111 
89 TO Nor#* AnuncA 96 
116 TR Pacts: Baaai 196 
1*0 TO Property 182 
M'r TO Tech 102 

139 TOTnreMea 163 

H5 Hyo* >"• TH 

237' TTxrpmonon ' Hi 
300 Throg Secured C<p3S0 
157': Tuna Ocsamc 197 
■113 Trfxma i3fl 

4 ■■ * 

» j wmn . ioi . 


22 37312 . 

E3P SB 255-. 
S7 29 43*' 
SJ9 52 236- 
2* 2.7 457 J 
1.4 08 . 

5 7. 31 404 ■ 
26 15*8.1 - 
6J> 37 36.7 ; 
Mb 5* a* 
119b 42 340 

S3 " 22 494 ’ 
40 29 305.' 
1Sl 6 17.6 »V 
93 S2 5&T 
29b 6 1 17.7 
22 38 +29 

4* 46 57* 
151b *435*.., 


FINANCIAL TRUSTS 


LONDON COMMOOfTT 
EXCHANGE 

GW Joynson and Co report 
50GAR (Franc. Cvnlkow) 

PQS 

QCt 1275-27.0 

as: 137.0-35.0 

Mar U9.W0.2 

May 151Wi8 

Aup 157,6^6 

Oa 161.KM 

Vo*. .2627 

COCOA 

Sep 1371-88 

Of* - 1«3-20 

Mar 1460-58 

May — 1481-78 

•By 1438-98 

Sep 1513*12 

Dec 1539-37 

vw. - &.-14B1 


Nov 

Jan 

Mar 

May . — 

&—Z 



SOYABEAN 

Oct 

Doc 

Feb 

AP»-- 

Jun - 





COMMODITIES 


Thre# Months, 3491)0-35000 


toh- 7 SO 

Three Months , 267^0-26a00 


131 3-3T-2 

129.0- 285 
13KMOO 

132.0- 31 .0 
(30 5-1SJ) 
13CO-2BS 


138 0-37 75 
(40 50-SLR 




SILVER URGE 

Cash ... 341 .5M42.50 

Three Months . 3*9.ftMS0fl0 

- 

— 20 



SILVER SMALL 

-■nu< 34i 5(K 

14250 


pnce.78.)4p 

Scotbdd; 

Hattie nos. down 1 1 .9 *. aw. 
once 94 S3 b f-2 1S1 % 
Sheeonc* oown21 9 a « aw 
ante l4a31Q[-8.BT| 

Pig nos n a "a aw 
DM« 1 9 


LOWON MEAT nmiRES 
EXCHANGE 
ngCoatract 

p.perkMo 

Month- Open C)08e 
*5 unq. 97.0 

Orf unq. 1010 

unq. 105J5 
Feh unq. 98.$ 

Apr una 993' 

Jw . unq. 99J> 


Pig Meat vefc 60 

LONDON MEAT FUTURES 
EXCHANGE 
Uvr Cattlo Contract 
• p.perkflo 

Bontn Open Close 
Wg unq. 975 

JP unq. 9&5 

. unq. 893 

S' t*q. 1003 

**> unq. 99.0 

flr imq. 990 

km unq 99.0 


LONDON GRAIN FUTURES 
£ per terms 

Wheat Barley 
Worth Oose Close 

sap 105.80 104.90 

Mew 107.70 107.10 

Ian 110.40 10930 

Mar 113.00 111.75 

Wav 115 75 (1350 


LONDON 

POTATO FUTURES 

E per tonne 

fonth Open Close 
kw 117.50 117-50 

eta 129:50 12900 

or 17700 175(0 

tey 19000 19080 

low 8750 87 AO 

Vat: 9*5 

. BtFFEX 

GJN.I. Freight Futoreo Ud 
report S10 per indn point 
freight index 


High/Uw 
Ocf 86 740.0-725.0 
Jen 87 770.0-746.0 
Apr 87 8iaO-795D 
Jkd87 747.0-747 0 
Od 87 8200-610.0 

Jan 68 

AOf.88 . 

Jut 88 

Vdl: 423 lots 
Open interesr 2021 


TANKER REPORT 

HtBfVUw Close 
Aup 86 1410-1409 140&.0 

Sep 86 1375.0 

OCT 86 1302.5 

Dec 86 12500 

Mar 87 1 175JJ 

Jun 87 12SO.O 

VDM0IM6 

Opwi«noresi4i 

Ssot maniei corem«mary- 
TjHKe: »rae« 

145“ 5 uc *1 s{’ 1* 8 56 
Dry oarge njsi 
5890oal2 5cr iPSSc 



































































































NIESR forecasts inflation will 
rise to 5.5% by the end of 1987 


. Non-oil outpi 


By David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

_ The National Institute for Real GDP' _ Ma 

Economic and Social - faca 

Research’s latest, quarterly Total Non-oil ouq 

economic review, published • . 

yesterday, paints a picture of J 

an economy hemmed in" by rS J 

the twin- constraints of a «« 1fl 06 0 

sharply deteriorating balance 1 ■ ■ ■ 

of payments and rising public . . 

sector borrowina. Output measure,.perc8rrtage < 

At the heart of both prob- 3 

pnces, which has yet to fully s year £ bflflon 
impact on Britain’s external a yeari £ bjjjfon. 
accounts and public finances, 7 OECD countries, percentage c 
according to the authors. « Volume of total worid trade, p< 

Lower oil prices in themselves 

will not boost world growth payments surpluses in excess 
sufficiently without gov- of any reasonable objective 
emmemal action. even before the fall in oil 

The institute has become prices," the review says. • 
gloomier about worid eco- “The appropriate policy re- 
nomic prospects since its last sponse for these oil importers 
forecast three months ago. to the oil price fell is to expand 
Unemployment is set to re- domestic demand either by 
main around current levels fiscal or monetary means: this 
and the upturn in worid trade is the response that the Ameri- 
will be only modest. can authorities are urging, and 

■ This is not because of any Britain should give energetic 
quick reversal in the oil price support to this policy 
slump. Oil prices of around prescription. 

$1 2 a barrel, above the $8-59 a Without such moves, the 


Home economy 

Manu- Un- Retail 
factoring employ- price in- Current 
output . merit 3 . dexl . balance 5 PSBR* 


World economy 
Con- 

lal sumer Wc 
P 7 prices 7 trat 


PRICES AND WAGES 

A Annual percentage 20 
change 


1 Output measure,. percentage change, year on year. 

2 Percentage change.’ year on year. 

3 UK, wholly unemployed (excluding school leavers), fourth quarler.million. 

4 Percentage change, fourth quarter on fourth quarter. 

* Year, £ twflon. 

8 Fiscal year, £ billion. 

7 OECD countries, percentage change, year on year. 

6 Volume of total world trade, percentage change, year by year. 


will be only modest. 

; This is not because of any 
quick reversal in the oil price 
slump. Oil prices of around 
SI 2 a barrel, above the S8-S9 a 


payments surpluses in excess 
of any reasonable objective 
even before the fell in oil 
pices," the review says. ■ 
“The appropriate policy re- 
sponse for. these oil importers 
to the oil price fall is to expand 
domestic demand either by 
fiscal or monetary means: this 


barrel level reached in recent report says: “The outlook for 


months, but below the current 
$14-$ 15 price, are predicted. 
.“Japan and Germany had 


future world economic co- 
operation is not good. The 
United States in particular 


may take a more narrow view . peered to rise by 2.6 per cent 
of its self-interest, retreating this year and 32 per cent in 
into protection. Such a move 1987. Consumer price infla- 
would ultimately be very tion in these periods will be 
damaging to the rest of the 2.7 per cent and 33 per cent 
world" respectively, the forecast says. 

The growth and inflation But Britain will struggle 
rates in Western indus- even to keep up with this, 
trial bad countries are ex- modest world growth. Growth 
peeled to roughly coincide in the economy is predicted at 
both this year and next, an I.S per centthis year and next, 
unusual combination which, the slowest since the present 
as far as the institute is economic recovery began tn 
concerned, merely confirms 1981. and half last year’s 3.6 
the opportunity for expansion, per cent rate. 

Gross domestic product in The oil sector is expected to 
the Organization for Eco- act as a drag on overall growth 
nornic Co-operation and in the economy next year as 
Development countries is ex- production falls. Non-oil 


UK trails in training young jobless 


•Germany has been more 
successful in keeping down 
yenth unemployment than 
Britain or France, despite a 
larger increase in the number 
of young people fwning mi to 
the labour market. 

* An article in the review 
compares the effectiveness of 
special measures to reduce 
yenth unemployment in the 
three countries. 

-Germany has restricted 
yputh unemployment to 9 per 
cent, despite a 25 per cent 
increase in the population of 
people in the 15 to 24 age 


group between 1971 and 1981, which school-leavers are able 
compared with 11 per cent in to combine theoretical tr aining 
Britain and 1 per cent- in in vocational schools with 
France. practical training in com- 

The youth unemployment pa Sf es ' ij < . , . 

tes in Britain and France are . 1 * system, which prondes 
I and 31 per cent respec- f^nir^np theageof 20, aho 
rely. Thus, Britain’s record ^Ipsredoce^thejobless total 
i training and special mea- m Germany for those in their 
ires fortiie yonngfe better * 

an France bntsnbstantiany JUSftnS J™*** a 
jrse than Germany. - 

In Britain and France, while 
Germany’s success is attrib- efforts are being made to raise 
ed to the highly-formalized the standard of technical and 
iprenticeship system, known vocational education and im> 
the dual system, under prove links between schools 


and employers, such moves compared with 
have come rather late, tire 2.4 per cent rale. 


The youth unemployment 
rates in Britain and France are 
21 and 31 per cent respec- 
tively. Thus, Britain’s record 
on training and special mea- 
sures for the young is better 
than France but substantially 
worse than Germany. 


nted to the highly-formalized 
apprenticeship system, known 
as the dual system, under 


article concludes. 

One difficulty for Britain is 
that the proportion of young 
people continuing in education 
into their twenties is tower 
than in Germany or France. 

The proportion of young 
people looking for work who 
have to be helped by special 
measures is therefore higher. 
This, and a less efficient 
training system, helps explain 
the high rate of yonth un- 
employment in Britain. 



Only one bank 

JUNA HAS KEPT FTS 


ilikLLLi: 

firni 




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120 











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T-..- , 


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Standard Chartered has offered an uninterrupted 
service in China ever since we opened our first office 
in 1858. 

So that today, our six offices stand for two 
things. 

A depth of experience in China of the greatest 
value to businesses seeking to seize the burgeoning 
opportunities for trade. 

And a very special approach to the management 
of an international bank. 

In China as in many other msgor economies, 
Standard Chartered has become an important and 
well-established local bank, in which senior mana- 
gers have developed close relationships with local 
government, financial institutions and businesses. 

And at the same time, part of a fully-integrated 
network of more than 2,000 branches in over 60 
countries, sharing common procedures and infor- 
mation systems. 

It is a delicate balance, but, clearly an achiev- 
able one. 

Contact your nearest branch for more infor- 
mation. 

You’ll find an ever-open door 

Strength bi 

ACROSS 

th 

Standard It Chartered 

i r i mnrT T'wn^— ^mnr - mu— ■ 

STANDARD CHARTERED BANK. HEAD OFFICE: 38 BISHOPSGATE. LONDON EC2N 4DE. 


( COMMERCIAL PROPERTY ) 

Securities to be traded 
on Stock Exchange 


AVERAGE 

“EARNINGS 


RETAIL PRICES. :"*r&£7° 

Ti n BO Bl B2 B3 84 85 88 87 2 

Sousa NmwiftsBMEsenonKRawaw 

growth is forecast to be 1.7 
cent this year, accelerating to 
12 percent in 1987. 

The forecast implies that it 
will be hard for Britain to 
break out of the slower growth 
trend which started around 
the middle of last year. 

A modest increase in ex- 
ports is predicted, in line with 
rising world trade, and strong 
growth in real incomes will 
persist, at least until the first 
half of next year. But invest- 
ment is not expected to rise 
very much overall, weighed 
down by a sharp fell in capital 
expenditure in the North Sea. 

The gap between earnings 
and prices, currently around 5 
percentage points, is produc- 
ing very strong real income 
growth, but is expected to 
narrow substantially. By the 
end of this year, inflation is 
estimated at 3.5 per cent, 
compared with last month's 


But the forecast for next 
year is- worse: 5.5 per cent by 
ihe end of 1987, while earn- 
ings growth is predicted to 
slow slightly to 7 per cent. 

The gloomy inflation fore- 
cast, on the basis of un- 
changed policies, is put down 
to the feet that the one-off 
influences which have helped 
push the rate down towards 2 
per cent this year — the sharp 
drop in oil and other 
commodity prices — will not 
recur.- 


By Judith Huntley 

The property industry's mo- 
mentum for creating a market 
in thesale of units orsecunties 
in individual commercial 
properties is building up. But 
it now looks likely that such 
vehicles will be listed on the 
Stock Exchange rather than on 
a new market 

Mr Tim Simon, of Savills, a 
member of the Unitized Prop- 
erty .Market Working Party, of 
which Mr John Barkshire of 
Mercantile House Holdings is 
chairman, says: “The feet that 
the Stock Exchange is willing 
to lend its name to property 
securities is a highly signifi- 
cant step." The Exchange is 
giving its blessing to the 
trading of whai is virtually a 
single asset property 
company. 

Mr Barkshire’s working 
party has virtually abandoned 
Us original idea of creating a 


No shortage of. 
supply for- 
uiiitazatiop 

market for trading in single 
commercial properties. 

And it is no longer pursuing 
the creation of an authorized 
unit trust for single buildings. 

Instead, it is marketing a 
new idea in the shape of. bare 
trusts in which investors 
would have listed marketable 
interests under existing trust 
law. Therefore, there is no 
vehicle for investors. They 



fiff f 



Outside SpitaHields Church: Mr Peter Beckwith, left, and 
Mr John Beckwith, centre, of SpitaHields Development 
Group, with Mr Arthur Hutchinson, chairman of 
SpitaHields Market Traders' Association. 

LET and Rosehaugh in 
market site battle 


London & Edinburgh Trust 
and Balfour Beatty, in the 
guise of the SpitaHields 
Development Group, will put 
in an application tomorrow to 


will be a collective group of develop 1- million square feet of 


beneficiaries under a trust, 
maintaining the . tax 
transparency. 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry was concerned 
that the use of the word “unit" 
would confuse investors, who 
might believe they were 
putting their money into a 
vehicle with a spread of 
investments. This would. not 
be the case with the Barkshire 
committee’s proposal which 
like others in the field, would 
only invest in a single 
commercial property. 

In its far-reaching sugges- 
tions for changes in the unit 
trust industry, the department 
will allow authorized unit 


offices and associated residen- 
tial and retail activities at 
SpitaHields Market, on the 
eastern fringes of the City of 
London. 

The developer is pushing 
ahead with its plans for the 
market site, knowing that ft 
has a tenant lined up for the 
offices in the shape of Salo- 
mon Brothers, the .American 
finance house. 

The Parliamentary BUI to 
approve the relocation of fee 
market should go np to fee 
House this November. If not, 
there will he a year's delay 
which the developer is anxfoos 
to avoid, given its prospective 
tenant's timetable for a large 


trusts to trade in a portfolio of City office in the wake of big 
prime properties for the first bang. 


time. This gives investors a 
spread, even if the require- 
ment for prime properties is 
open to debate. 

Hie investor win be, offered 
an abundance of choice, but 
does be really want it? bit the 
developers and chartered 
surveyors who want to see a 

Big developments 
do not suffer a 
discount for size 

new market, in whatever 
guise, or is it demand from 
potential investors? 

So far the indications are 
that the. desire for such a 
market emanates from within 
the property industry, not 
from investors. 

The institutions have been 
reducing their investment in 
property, other than through 
direct development, as they 
are disenchanted with its 
performance compared with 
other investments. There have 
been asset sales, to 1 meet 
withdrawals from some exist- 


vestors a Salomon Brothers' desire 
require- for so much space at 
perties is Spitaffidds, a development ft 
may finance as well as occopy, 
tc offered rajses questions about its lease 
oice. but oo Greycoat Group's Victoria 
? bit the Plaza scheme, where the bank 
chartered has an option to move after 
to sic a five years. 

LET believes that its de- 
tishm to put in a planning 
nents application to the London 
k|- n Borough of Tower. Hamlets, 
c , before fee council publishes its 

'SIZC development brief for fee 

politically sensitive area, b fee 

whatever right one. 
tnd from The developer argues feat ft 

has undertaken extensive pnb- 
tions are He consultation already, and 
such a that its plans will meet any 
m within planning brief produced by fee 
itrv, not coundL 

Hie Spitaffidds Devetop- 
ave been meat Group already owns fee 
talent in Bbhopsgate frontage to the 
through Spitelflelds Market site, 
as they which is owned by the 
with its Corporation of the City of 
red with London. 

terehave But the fig! * is on between 
to 1 meet London and Edinburgh Trust 
ne exist- and Rosehaugh Stanhope 


mg property unit trusts —not a ■ . ■ ■ 

sign that there is a huge and fear institutional port- 
demand from institutional, folios -have a high proportion 
investors. • of large investments — ev- 

_ The advocates of unitiza- i deuce of little reluctance to 
lion or securitization argue buy more expensive schemes, 
that-the most bullish sectors of Research by the indepen- 

the property market — City of dent Investment Property 
London ana West End offices Databank, compiled from in- 
and~ large retail developments dividual p ro perties in institu- 
— are too expensive invest- dona! portfolios, shows that 
raents for any but a few 38 per cent of feeproperties in 
institutions. its index were worth more 


institutions. 


This is the argument for than £10 million- The average 
providing a larger group of yield at the end of last year for 






investors, including the man 
in the street, with the chance 
to buy a slice -of a property it 
would otherwise be unable to 
afford.. 

But is it true that only a few 
institutions will buy large and 
expensive properties? Or that 
developers suffer from a dis- 
count for size on the price paid 
far such schemes — another 
argument put forward for 
unitization?' 

.The proof, is. only just 
beginning to filter -through 
into this most imperfect mar- 
ket. But the indications , are 
that large developments do 
not suffer a discount for size 


offices in that category was 6 
per . cent compared with 63 
per cent for all offices. 

In the retail sector the 
figures were respectively 4.6 
percent for large schemes and 
5 per cent for all properties. 

Industrial properties worth 
over £5 million snowed a yield 
of 73 per cent compared with 
8.9 per cent for all industrials. 
So far, there has been little 
evidence to prove that large 
developments are better 
investments than smaller ones 
in terms of income or capital 
growth. 

Jones. Lang Wootlon, the 
firm of surveyors which is also 


Developments over the 
redevelopment of fee- market, 
now regarded asti plum office 
- site on fee edge of the City. 
Only a short time after 
Rosehaugh pabfidy confirmed 
its rival plan for the market 
site atone, which has 85QJNM) 
square feet of offices, LET 
came out on the attack. 

The argnment hinges on fee 
relocation of fee Spitaffidds 
market traders to an alter- 
native site. Rosehaugh wants 
to see the SpitaHields and 
nearby Stratford market trad- 
ers operating on one site. . 

The developer argues feat 
Stratford Market was entitled 
to restrain the Spitaffidds 
traders from moving to Tem- 
ple Mills, in the east end of 
London, the site proposed fay 
LET, as it warwitUn a seven- 
mile exclusion zone. 

LET says that ft has taken 
legal advice, and that there is 
no legal restraint which can be 
applied fay the Stratford mar- 
ket traders to fee relocation of 
Spitaffidds traders. In fact, 
says LET, Stratford Market 
was set up within seven miles 
of S itaffields and exists only 
by • licence from the City 
Corporation. . 

In any event, a l*ar- 
tfaunentary BUI will be nec- 
essary to allow for fee 
SpitalfieUs Market to be 
moved, and all interests will be 
considered in feat process. 

Meanwhile, the Spftaffidds 
Development Group is offer- 
ing to hoy the land at Stratford 
Market for £100,000 an acre, 
and tn obtain planning consent 
from the London Borough of 
. Newham for the most profit- 
able use. That may be no easy 
task. 

The fared would then be re- 
sold with consent, wife LET 
passing on half the enhanced 
value to fee Stratford Market 
traders, 20 of whom would be 
offered space at fee Temple 
Mills site, whkh the developer 
says to the preferred location 
for feeSpftaffields traders. 

part of the Barkshire working 
party, has compiled research 
on the returns on properties 
worth over £15 million, the 
possible candidates for 
unitization. 

Its findings, based on 20 
properties worth £600 million, 
show that m the 20 years to 
March 1 986, the overall return 
on such properties was 113 
per cent a year compared wife 
a 10.8 per cent yield on all 
properties. The firm, says that 
m the last year this difference 
has become more marked. 

Figures from fee IPD reveal 
fee differences in more detail. 
Based on 120 properties worth 
£2.6 billion, the average an- 
nual return over five years for 
large offices (those worth over 
£10 million) was 8.5 per cent 
compared wife 7.7 per cent for 
alloffices. 

In the industrial sector fee 
differences are even more 
marked. Properties worth 
over £5 million showed a total 
return of 8.7 per cent com- 
pared with 6.3 per cent for aD 
industrials. 


Last of new town centres 


to 


corporation 


mr, 



■» * %- _ 




• Camheraauid Develop- 
ment Corporatkm, Strafe- . 
dyde, is to sell ' 
Cumbernauld town centre in 
line wife the other new . 
town development 
corporations. 

Cnmbentauld to feeonly 
new town corporation retais- 
ing control aud ownershlp ' 
of its town centre. 

Phases oue and two of 
the town centre were devel- 
oped by fee CHpdrattou to 
fee mid-1960s and early 
1970s. These retail (acu- 
ities are now bring 
refurbished. 

Phase three is.a.store’ 
held on a ground lease by 
Woolco, part of WoohwKth 


Hokliags, from fee corpora- 
tion. It is to become fee 
first Cazrefonr store in Scot- 
land. Cairefonr to par t of 
the Dee Corporation. 

Phase four has 40 shops 
in an enclosed mall wife Wil- 
liam Low, fee supermarket . 
operator, as anchor tenant. 

Coal Industry Nomj- . 
nees, fee pension fond for fee 
Coal Board, developed this - 
phase and is the likely beyer 
for it Included in thesale 
will be a site wife permission 
for 17JMNM sq ft of retail 


Edward Erdman, the 
firm of snrveyors, has bran 
appointed to sell the town 
centre for the corporation. 


# Rosehaugh Greycoat 
Estates Hofe iags, the com- 
pany in which Greycoat 
Group and Rosehaugh each 
hold a 403 per cent stake, 
has forward-let fee whole of 
fee 73,000 sq ft of apace at 
3, Finsbury Avenue in the . 
City of London to Header- 
son Administration at a rent 
of£3230asqfL 

The entire development, 
costing £20 minion, was fi- 
nanced hy the Back of 
America. 

The final 1004)00 sq ft 
phase of Finsbury Avenue wffl 
begin early next year. 

Baker Harris Saunders and 
Jones Lang Wootton acted 
for fee developers and Drive** 
Jonas advised the tenant. ■ 


IS 


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EXECUTIVE 

Our CIM expertise has tfepower to re-shape 
.- manufa^ringmdustry.v. 

.. .fust Imagine how it: could re-shape your career 

Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CJM) technology is pointing thfr way to a 
second industrial revolution which rf anything promises to be even more dramatic 
thanthefirst. . . • 

ISTEL Automation Limited has ari enviable track record and reputation for 
Systems Integration, within UK manufacturing industry and is uniquely placed to 
capitalise upon the enormous increase in 'CIM investment predicted over the next 
tenyears. . . 

_ today though, we are looking for the Marketing Executive who will play: a 
reading rale indetermming the shape and-, failure direction of the- business; 
prerequisite tothe achievement of ourambitious growth objectives. 

The man or woman we need must have a good Marketing orSusines Studies 
degree, plus at least five years' strategic-level marketing experience. We will also 
attach considerable - importance to the qualities of creative thinking, self- 
determination, interpersonal sJdMsarrd a strong desireto see ideas transformed into 
realities. ... 

This is a key position in our expanding marketing department arid offers a 
‘ tremendous opportunity to- join one of Britain's most rapidly growing high 
technology companies- ■ - 

‘ - It is also a position in which the considerable rewards will indude an 
excellent-salary' and comprehensive benefits package, induding a car. 

If you are- ready for an environment which wilt stretch your capabilities to 
the full, yet which offers the chance to live and work in an appealing part of the 
-country - where housing is. very affordable - we would like to hear from you 
immediately. 

To find out more, send your career details to Bob Scott, 

• Personnel Development, ISTEL. Limited, PO Box 5, Redditch, 

4 Worcestershire B974P Q or te lephone John Savage, Marketing 

; '• . Manager, on Redditch (0527) 20712foran informal discussion. 

I^B BB .'ISTEL is an equal opportunities employer. _ 


AsU T O MiA T'llOlN 



Wandsworth 

Zrrtki er 3crOUf} r > 




recognsesSTCforthcir . 

soNdachKwmencsin 
advanced voice and data 
axTimurVcatjon products. The tea 
hasresuffed m muto-mahon pound VV 

conoacnUbr newadvanced systems V> 

fcrinterraucraf and UK business users. > 

Currency, our Local Transmission 
DMsian is concerned vwidi a number of 
ttiese major projects. They include 
developments m Flewbie Access Systems using 
SON and Flexible Multiplexors. 

istoyy; u/tth Che growing opportunMes in major 
fntemationai and UK mariseis, we're expandmg to 
optame our lead in SON. packet switching and 
ftodtfe networks. Which means we av able to 
offer exciting and chaffengmg involvement toa 
number at addUonai talented creative engineers 
and potential team leaders whoare keen to 
develop their skins at the leading edge of 
oommunicationstectirtoiogy - - 

HKSf+TCCH DEVELOPMENT 
EN6WI ll rVbu must havedegreeor equivalent 
,*i Cbmptcer Science, witb experience ct ATE 
areV^orTeieplX)ny {particularly T7<E4fLAfsrs. 
WO</POPnintii$lJNIX/XB<KX. 

SVXTBHVKJFTVIMIIEDeSGN 
BVSMBIVWith up to 5yeaa* experience of 
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X2S, COTCOPNSS. tou may also Kaveexpenerwe 
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development environment 


SOFTWARE ENGWEERS 

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development. Plus die provenaMity 
conwen produa specVication into aoual systems. 
.HARDWARE DEVEUOPBffif 


ENGMEERSAileast 4 years’ post graduate 
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Oont miss this opportunity to cftscover more 
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at bur HARLOW arxllNK^KTH LONDON \ 

LOCATIONS. \ 

STC means good career prospects, first-class^ 
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;r'«‘'“ , ”rro>' dnc ' 

c en ^Hote'- 

th A^ u ^ a nsion ^ ee n 4 P m - 

P :^r^fen t ° 


STC TELECOMMUNICATIONS 



To the Apple and Pear 
Development Council 


c. £16,000 


T unbridge Wells. - 


The APDC is a statutory body, set up by Parliament i» 19$7, to 
promote the Interests of apple and pear groyrere-in^a^teuid-ahd 
Wales. Around 11S0 growers are registered v^.tiw CouncS ywhich 
provides product promotion far the industry 'both in the LLK. and 
overseas;- scientific and market research; and advioe on production 
methods, quality standards marketing and distribution. 

Reporting to the Chief Executive, the Secretary is responsible for 
finance and ariinWstr aU on. servicing Council and - C ommi ttee 
meetings and advising on relevant UK and EEC legislation. The 
coOection and analysts of industry statistics, using a personal 
computer, w# be an important part of the job. 

Candidates must be experienced administrators, aged 40 plus, 
- ideally with an appropriate professional qualification. Familiarity with 
comp u teri s ed information systems is essential. Industry background 
is less important than the abffity to play an active rote in a small 
marketing oriented environment 

Salary is for dfecusslon as indicated. A pension scheme is provided. 
Please write -in confidence -enctoaing a firfC.V. to Lesley Glfforxl, 
ref.A20220. • 

HAY-MSL dMectfon and Advertising Limited, 

52 Groavenor Gardens, London SW1W0AW. 

OUkxminBmpB, ttmAnttricaa^AuunttaaltandAalt Pacific. 


ITTTYa 


OF LONDON 


CHARTERED SECRETARY 


Market Development 
Executives 

Longman -Cartermill is creating, managing and marketing a 
nationally important computer database of the research and 
expertise in British universities, polytechniqp-'and government 
researchestablishments. The datebase iscalled “British Expertise 
in Science and Technology' (&E.S.T.). 

We wish nowto appoint further Market Development Executives 
to continue the rapid expansion of the UK market for this 
officially-backed project 

Well qualified technically, you wiU probably be aged 25-35, have . 
a record of achievement and high level experience in the public 
or private sector. 

Reporting to the Director of Marketing you will be prepared to 
travel throughout the UK and have the determination to achieve 
targeted growth. 

In addition to the opportunity to join an expanding company in a 
growth industry you will receive a substantial remuneration 
package, company car and other benefits. 

Contact AT. Shaw, Director of Marketing, Longman Cartermill Ltd, 
Technology Centre, St Andrews, Fife KYI 6 9EA. 

Tel : (0334) 77660 

Longman Cartermill si 


Assistant to the 
Chief Executive % 

Central London c£20,000 + Benefits 

This unusual and interesting opportunity has arisen with one 
of the Great Twelve livery companies of the City, which has 
interests in various charitable, educational and investment Zr 
activities. 2- 

^ Reporting to the Chief Executive the position carries a % 

“^vgriedrange of responsibilities associated with the general ! 
adfTihwljjitipn of the Company's affairs. This will include 
company seeteteriatwork; managing the Company's Hall ; ;j 

and the maintefiariarairvd*secur|^ of Its various properties; ...*i 

public and internal staff relations', etc. - .. - ' j 

The appointment provides an excellent tofvg.term career ' \ 

opening for an experienced and mature executivfrV/ho -* 

would relish a fresh challenge or is perhaps seekings 
change in emphasis from his/her career to date. PreferablyTh- 
the 40-45 age range, and with a degree and&tr professional 
qualification, you must be able to demonstrate a progressive 
track record to date in your chosen field. Most importantly, £ 

you will need to be outgoing, personable and diplomatic - ■ 
with strong administrative and organisational skills. 

The salary and benefits package are negotiable and will be 
sufficiently flexible to ensure we attract the right candidate. 

Please write, specifying how you meet the requirements 
and enclosing full career and salary details together with 
daytime telephone number to Jerry Wright, Grosvenor Page 
Management Selection, 39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 
5U-I, quoting ref. GP8629tfL 

GROSVENOR PAGE BHB 

Management Selection 

ATnemberofAdduon CowHlumcyGmnpPLC 



S,un, ! NEWS 

wSSU I WORLD 


TTTTTTHT 


LOOKING FOR A CHALLENGING CAREER 
SELLING ADVERTISING SPACE? 

Britain's largest selling newspapers. The Sun, The News of the World, 

In thdr^^wtisement S^raDepartmem. vacancies 

Previous sales experience is not necessary but it would be to your 
advantage if you have media selling experience or a national 
newspaper or magazine, or have worked in an agency media 
department 

Applicants will ideally be between 21-26 years of age and should 
possess an arresting personality and most be able to convince us of 
their need to develop their own sales abilities within a competitive 
environment. 

Ideally, you will live in London or within easy travelling distance. 
A progressive career with one of Britain's most exciting newspaper 
groups and a generous salary scale await the successful applicants. 

If you wish to take the first step towards joining this exciting 
call or write (enclosing your C.V.) to: 

Bin Goody 

Ad iufal sttmtfrre Advertisement Manager 
News Group Newspapers 
200, Gray’s Ion Road. 

LONDON, WC1X8EZ 
Tel 01-833 7217 












w 


22 


'i'Hii iiillES THURSDAY AUGUST 21 Iyoo 


GENERAL APPOINTMENTS 


MOXON 

Jdolph 


caDQLPHIN 

(SK^BYltd 


Recruitment Advertising 
■Executive Search 
Management Selection 
International Recmitment 


178-202 Great Portland Street, 
London WIN 5TB.TeL- 01-631 4411 
8 Mathew Street, Liverpool L2 6 RE. 
TeL 051-236 1724 


Quality 
Graduates 
in a Quality 
role 


Kfefialeaderinfr^itechiiolo^ycinpic 


of Companies, we've establis h ed a reputation 

indudesremaS^eacfueveniCTC^ 1 ™ 35 
mimufecturing standards. Striving for the 
highest quality, our production is caflored to 
meet the tnarnst's most exacting needs. Yours 
will be the task of increasing titisprestigous 

reputation. 

Innovation, the key ® our business, s also 
the rfour ^K ^^ fag ^ d ^n amic. 

p ro fessional An dtha t is whal we now seek 

You^iavea natural flSfor^w^^iting. 
analysing and producing imagnative solutions 
gained from a degree or similar in a science, 
engineering or lechnology background. 


You also have a flair for petite and 
commu nic atio n s. 

If you bdieve you would like the challenge 


standards, rax offers rare scope. And. in 


nighty flexfofeorgmEation. 

Excellent salary from £9.900 to £11.400 
pits a range of top quality company benefits 


write with career details to : Mandy 


TeL Basingstoke (0256) 47: 


RG240NU. 


KLIX 


M 


Programmer/ 

Analysts 


Analysts 



New England, US JL 
to $45,000 p^. 


success. 

To be considered you wffl need over 
4 years’ data processing experience 
preferably gained in the financial sector and 
will ideally possess degree level quafifkatjons. 
You must nave experience in most of the 
following areas within an IBM environment; 
•COBOL • acs • MVS • DU 
The location and quality ofbfestyle is quite 


simply supexb. Rhode Island is rightly 
known as the Ocean State, having a proud 
sailing heritage and over 400 miles of 

^ pf ft a rt»tor ma^Brwrtiafi’tsopf> pnbw it T«< 

become one of the most cosmopolitan States in 
the USA 

Highly competitive salaries are made even 
more attractive cy their outstanding benefits . 

p*Hragp 

plans together with a superb reiocatranpoScy 
anri firfl i fnmigfwWrv n aSSBtMCB 

Obvious^ ampetition for ±tese once in a 
Cfetime opportuniti e s wig be fierce, so for your 


c&KERBY 


on 01-631 4411 or send a 
VT comprehensive CV to 
, Moxon Dolphin & 

HIN rreXE&MForfandS. 

y iT1 , London WIN 5U. 

• LTO quonna ret 3280. 


DIVISIONAL GENERAL 
MANAGER C.£30,000 P.A. 


AN EXCITING OPENING IN A U.K. 
GROUP RAPIDLY EXPANDING IN THE 
FIELD OF ENVIRONMENTAL 
HYGIENE SERVICES 


The Division employs some 20 staff, provides hygiene services to air 
conditioned buildings in all sectors, and works closely with associ- 
ated divisions. 


Applicants will preferably be in their early thirties, have successful 
management experience of both sales, technical and associated staff, 
and by nature wish to lead by example. Previous air conditioning 
experience is not essential 

The position' carries a negotiable salary to £30.000 p.a., all usual 
benefits plus performance bonuses. Successful applicants can expect 
outstanding career prospects and directorship opportunities. 


Reply in writing 


Group Managing Director, 
Winton Eurotech Ltd., 
McMillan House, 
Worcester Park, 

Surrey, KT4 8RH. 


GRADUATE REQUIRED 


for position with Lloyd’s and International Marine 
Insurance brokers based EC3 as trainer on technical 
and marketing side of the business. 


We offer an attractive salary, 2 bonuses per annum, £1 
per day LV’s, Life Pension and Sickness schemes and 
20 days holiday in full year. 


Applicants with a degree and a willingness to 
study for A.C.IJ. examinations in due course 
should write with brief C.V. and giving a day 
time telephone number to 
Mrs FA. Irons- Smith, a 

Seascope Administration Ltd, f 

Woodruffe House, Coopers’s Row, 

London EC3N 2NL. * 




Marketing 

Executive 


Our client. International Commodities Clearing 
Hoase limited, is a unique. City company which 
provides a clearing and guaranteeing service u fu- 
tures and options markets in London and overseas 
and has established a pre-eminent position in its 
field. 

Additionally, the company offers highly successful 
computer-based client accounting services; an activ- 
ity of the company which is currently expanding, 
offering new career opportunities. 

You will be required to analyse business problems or 
prospective customers and to demonstrate how the 
company's well-practised systems can be beneficial to 
usm. You will also maintain regular liaison with 
existing customerv ensuring flexibility of systems as 
necessary. A continual awareness of new Exchange 


requirements and procedures will be . necessary, to- 
gether with the need to keep abreast of new 
developments in the computer service areas. 



developments in the computer service areas. 

This is a demanding and interesting appointment 
which requires the personal qualities to communicate 
effectively at all levels, together with an appreciation 
of computer systems and the ability to resolve com- 
plex problems. Maturity of outlook is of over-riding * 
importance. You may have gained your experience in 
a broking environment, a software bouse or bureau. 

Experience of micro-computers would be useful. 


Salary c£i6£00 plus a comprehensive benefits pack- 
age including bonus, free PPP. 5 weeks' holiday, non 
contributory pension, an immediate mortgage sub- 
sidy. staff loans, int-ftte season ticket knits and LVs. 

Please write in stria 


confidence, 

_ ... . quoting ref. 359. to 

T\T| A Douglas Atkins, 

m ■ L# /I as adviser to the 
I 1 1 company. 

M ^ Ji— -A. Management & 

— ■ ■ ' Recruitment Consultants. 

ASSOCIATES LTD. J 9 ! $£* 

■ — London EC1M 5NQ. 

Td: (01) 250 0003. 


Um upo te i Boroqp of 


wmmm 



SERVICES FOR 
ELDERLY PEOPLE 
(FULL TUEor PART TME) 
E8£79-£9£91 
or pro rata (Scale 6) 


THs is a new post to be 
based within the 
Department's Planning 
& Development Section 
at Headquarters. The 
postholder wffl have a 
key role in the 
development and 
evaluation of new 
schemes, and wifl play a 
major part in the joint 
pla nn ing prooesa with 
the Hemm Authority. 


This is a wide ranging 
post wtth considerable 
opportunity for 
innovative work on 
services tor okterty 
'people. There wifl be 
extensive liaison with 
other Council . 

Departments, the Health 
Authority and voluntary 


Applicants are invited to 
contact Mr John Ford 


INTERNATIONAL SPORTS MANAGEMENT 
Account Executive Circa £15,000 

M/F 20-24 iuc. bonuses 

Associated Promotions, one of the country's 
leading event management and sponsorship 
consultancies are looking for a dynamic, young 
entrepreneur to join their Events Team. 

The successful applicant will be involved in all 
aspects of sports management sales and 
administration. - Please send CV to ‘ 

Andrew Cooke Associated Promotions Ltd. 

233 Shaftesbury Avenue London WC28LH. 



BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT 
ASSISTANT 
£ 10, 000-£ 12,000 


Lloyd Chapman Associates are market leaders in 
Search and Selection within the Banking and 


Securities marketplace and therefore need to keep 
pace with the challenging environment in which 
we work. 

As a result of ongoing expansion we have a 
requirement fora young, bright and innovative 
individual to augment our Business Development 
activities. 

A strong presence, good interpersonal skills, 
and the motivation to succeed are essential. You 
must have excellent commercial acumen, a good ' 
telephone manner and an ability to expand our 
di ent base ami areas of specialisation. ■ 

If you are dynamic and wish to progress as part 
of a' professional team, please telephone or write 
in confidence to Giles Simons. 


_CfVapfnan_ 

htw imlnail SMid»aw m»< «Un 

1 60 New Bond Street London W I Y OH R 
Telephone; Ol -409 1371 


WINE 

REPRESENTATIVE 
- EUROPE 


H Sichel Sohne require an experi- 
enced representative to maintain 
and develop their European mar- 
kets. A knowledge of German and 
German wine is essential and a 
general facility with languages de- 
sirable. The successful applicant 
will be aged about 30. Will travel 
extensively in Europe and reside 
in/near Mainz. Relocation ex- 
pense paid and good salary and 
benefits. Please write initially 
with CV and photograph to Peter 
Hagen at H Sichel Sohne GmbH, 
PO Box 1505, Wemer-von-Sie- 
mens-Str'14-18, 6508 Alzey, West 
Germany. 


UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON 


Beoarfemst of Physics sad Astnwwny, 
Mallard Space Scieace Laboratory (MSSL) 
$L Mary, Derkfeg. Surrey RH5 6NT 


Hehnbsry St Mary, Derkfeg, Surrey BH5 61 

PROJECT MANAGER 


Applications are invited for persons with Project Management 
experience, ideafly within aerospace or commercial software 
development activities, to ad as the Project Manager of the 
, Product Support Team (PST) responsible for the spcdficabon of 
data products and processing algorithms tor the UK EBS Data 
Centre. The UK ERS-0C is a major fadfity to be constructed at 
the Royal Aircraft Estabfcf&nem. Famboroagh, to proce s s data 
tram the ESA remote sensing satellite, ERS-1. (foe for launch in 
earty 1990. The PST includes scientists from mweraky research 
grams, research institutes and industry with expense in the 
analysis and interpretation of radar and intra-red remote sensing 
data. The project definition Is currently well advanced, with the 
implementation phase due to commence m the Spring of 1987. 

The post based at MSSL is avaflabki from the 1st October 


Salary commensurate with age aid experience, derails to be 
discussed at interview. 


Please send saner resamfts 
and fee Banes ef two refenes to 
Dr. C.G. Rapfey, Remote Seating Group, MSSL 


PART-TIME 

PROMOTIONAL AGENT 

SELF EMPLOYED, CHELSEA 


A vacancy exists for the appointment of 
a self employed agent to promote 
conference/social functions close to 
Sloane Square. 

It is a part-time post calling for a degree 
of entFepeneurial flair, organising ability 
and a basic knowledge of the needs of 
‘party* and conference organisers. 

Suitable for person with family 
committments who wants a challenge to 
fill up the day. 


Contact 01-730 8131 
ext 200 or 225 (Closed 25th-26th) 


RECEPTION MANAGER 


required for Vale do Lobo, luxury resort in 
Portugal Must be capable and able to work 


Portugal Must be capable and ante to work 
independently. C.V. and passport photo 
should be sent to 

Vale do Lobo Limitada, 

31a St George Street, London W.l. 


Wanted - a paragon of virtue for the post of 

Solicitor to the Council 


£18,531 - £20,391 p-a. 


You will be a qualified Solicitor, with a positive ap- 
proach to local government law. You will need a high 
level of managerial ability in order to run the legal 
and administrative functions of the Town Clerk and 
Chief Executive's Department and to deputise for 
him, as departmental head, in his absence. You will 
be working in a highly corporate environment and 
involved in a large number of exciting and innovative 
projects currently being undertaken by the Council. 
You wiH have ambitions to reach the very top In local 
government 


Lincolnshire Wdds. We enjoy good housing at tow 
prices and excellent shopping facilities. FuB removal 
expenses and assistance with legal fees, temporary 
housing etc. will be available in appropriate cases. 


Interested? Then send for further details and an 
application form to the Personnel Officer, Municipal 
Offices, Town Han Square, Grimsby, South Humber* 
side DN31 1HU, telephone: 0472 59161, ext 335, or. 
even better, ring Rob Hughes, Town Clerk and Chief 
Executive on 0472 59161 for an informal chat. 


Grimsby, the premier fishing port and major centre 
for the food processing industry, lies dose to the 


Closing date: 1st September, 1986. 



GREAT GRIMSBY BOROUGH COUNCIL 


WHY AREN’T YOU A GENERAL 
MANAGER IN THE NHS? 


Are" you inspired by the opportunity to develop aid create mental health 
services that you are proud to be responsible for? 


Do you believe that the interests of disabled people should be the 
predominant concern aid that staff are the most valuable resource of the 
NHS and could you, as a Manager, ensure that this belief is translated 
into action? 


We are looking for innovative, self motivated managers, with a sense of 
humour and a large measure of common sense. You should be able to 
demonstrate achievement in your career and have leadership qualities, to 
lead in an environment where effective multi-disciptiflary multi-agency 
collaboration is crucial. 


There are major, exottog and far reaching changes planned for' the 
mental health services which Wandsworth DHA provides for a population 
of 360.000. A service based in the community, accessible and approach- 
able to those in need of help, supported by snail hospital units, must be 
achieved quickly with the commitment of all agencies, authorities, staff 
are) consumer pups. 


Two new posts are fundamentally important to the effective design, 
planning, implementation and control of these services. The post-hold- 
ers will be directly accountable to the Mental Health Services General 
Manager, one with person^ responsibility for the services provided to 
Wandsworth, the other for the sendees to Merton. Each wifl have 
budgets of approximately £5.6 million, accountability for appnmmately 
350 staff, and. as the service is currently provided, responsibility for 
about 450 residential places, with a major objective being tin develop- 
ment of a wide range of community services and a significant reduction 
of hospital beds. 


The unit is poised for substantial changes, if you are Interested m joining 


a highly motivated' team and assisting in leading thes8 cha 
contact SUE GALLAGHER. UNIT GENERAL MANAGER. Tel: Of 672 9911 
ext. 3. For further information, please contact the DISTRICT PERSONNEL 
DEPARTMENT. GR0SVEN0R WING. ST GEORGE’S HOSPITAL, 
BLACKSHAW ROAD. London SW17 Teh. 01 672 1255 ExL 4931. Closing 
. date 3rd September 1986. 


Salary within the range £14.822 - £18,408 inclusive. Applicants from an 
backgrounds are encouraged to apply, salary being reviewed as 
appropriate. 


An Equal Opportunity Employer. 


Niandsworfh Heath 


SENIOR 

MORTGAGE 

ADMINISTRATOR 


The rapidly expanding mortgage department of a leading merchant 

bank offers an exciting opportunity at senior leveL 

The successful applicant will be 25+ with substantial experience of 

first and second mortgages gained with a financial institution 

covering credit assessment and the legal framework of secured 

lending. 

Salary £10,000 pa. or mare plus excellent banking benefits 
including low cost mortgage. 

Please telephone or said c.v. to Peter Handford, Personnel Officer, 


HILL SAMUEL PERSONAL FINANCE UMITEt), 

6 Greencoat Place, London SW1P 1FL. 

Telephone; 01-828 5241. 


SURREY HEALTH AUTHORITY 


GUIDANCE FOR 
ALLAGES! 


DIRECTOR OF SUPPORT SERVICES: 

Scale 23. Salary on scale £13,454 to £16340 Inclusive 
(increase pending) 

Apptications are invited from aspiring General Manag- 
ers (or this challenging post in a Unit with over 800 
beds and 10 health dMcs. Sendees in the Unit include 
acute cars, care of the elderly, maternity otd commu- 
nity health. Assisting the Unit General Manager, the 
pok holder wffl be responsible tor aU hotel and adminis- 
trative services and wrO play a key role in their planning 
and development. Candidates wfll be required to dem- 
onstrate an ability to work successfully under pressure, 
to effectively manage change and to make a significant 
contribution as a member of the Management Group. . 

Dr. Tudor Thomas wifl welcome Informal enquiries on 
Epsom 26100 Ext366 in formation pack from Unit Per- 
sonnel Departme n t on Epsom 26100 ExL576 

Closing date for appli catio ns 8th September 86. 


'S-Uyn SdaddffciPrniMtt 
15 24»n Job Mag. awns 
25-34 yn 

35-54 yf* 2ndCvH.IMarimcv 


Anwam and Gaidnca tar 
■A agn. Frat bradwrs. 


CAREER ANALYSTS 


BMW ADMINISTRATOR 


Hexagon require an intelligent and articulate Adminis- 
trative Assistant working with both the Sales Director 
and the Sales team. The successful c andidate wH be 
capable of handling advertising and secretarial duties, 
co-onfinating marketing exercises and wS be a natural 
comnumicator. This is an exciting and rewarding posi- 
tion' which requires a seff-motivated, career-minded 
individual working on mav own initiative as we« as part 
of tiie team. Compaterised systems are pert of the 
working environment and toil training wffl be $ven. 

Please c on f l ict: 

Mr. & Kendall on 01-348 5151 with your CV. 
HEXAGON - BMW IN NORTH LONDON. 


tor Amahcan 
oiwksL Must hna excotent 
command of American 
vernacular and writfcg 
BMas. Good knowtodga of 
Etmassan destinations. 
Fwimanty wttn US nmol 


hidunry/trade press a phn. 
Send CV, salary history and 

wnung samples tax. 


D. Has 

Personnel Manager 
93 Newman Street 
London W1A 1EW 


(No agendas phase) 


COLLECTIONS 
MANAGER 
o£l5,O0O + CAR 

South Coast. Public Co. 

01-833 0661 

RE. Personnel Agy. 


NEGOTIATORS 


Foxtons - Central London fastest growing 
Estate Agents require another six trainee 
negotiators who, within a year, will he 
earning in excess of £20,000 pa and drive 
a Golf GTI of 3-series BMW. Starting 
salary during training period £6,000 pa. 
Must be aged 19-26, well educated and 
hold current driving licence. 



Telephone 01-727 0530. 



THE 

AMERICAN COLLEGE 
IN LONDON 


Seeks Program Director for it's 
Commercial Arts Department. 


The qualified candidate will hold 
degree level academic qualification 
and a minimum of 3 years profes- 
sional experience in industry. 
Teaching experience preferred but 
not essential; however intimate 
knowledge of the American post- 
secondary educational system is 
required. 


Please respond with detailed 
Cnrricnlnm Vitae. 


Reply to BOX H32 


Training & 

Documentation Specialist 


Required u work wiMn tha European MIS Group based at 
our European Headquarters In West London. Youl be 
ras p owHbiefor the investigation of traWng requirements 
and the de v elopment and hnptement e Monol user training 
courses. In addtlon to the design, maintenance end 
distribution of user documenta ti on. 


You must have a proven track record in sates 
ad mini stration. You should be ebletodemu nM i a te strong 
Interpersonal and comm un i ca tio na aktea (oral and written), 
and have a flexible and mature approach to probtem- 
solving. The abUtiy to converse fluentiy In German, French 
and itafiin is essential 


You must be prep a red to travel end repre s e n t the 
European MS Group and the Wang subsidiaries 
throughout Europe. ' • ’ 4-'. 

A negotiable salary Is ot t ere d together wBh esceaeni large 
company benefits inducting a subsidised stall restaurant 

Please write, anctosfog your cv to ■ 

David Leigh. Personnel Manager, 

European Heattfoartera. 

Wang Laboratories Inc, 

1 000 Great west Road. Brentford, 

Middlesex TYV8 0HL . 


WANG 


£ 

Woodstock 


KITCHEN DESIGNER/ 
PROJECT CO-ORDINATOR 


Woodstock design and make the finest quality 
hardwood kitchens, bedrooms, furniture and 
interiors. We require another mature and tal- 
ented person with proven experience to meet 
with our discerning clients, plan and detail 
work for manufacture in our WCL workshop, 
and take responsibility for entire projects. Job 
satisfaction and excellent career prospects. 


Telephone 01 "833 0404 


Are you earning £20.000— £100,000 p.a. 
and seeking a new job? 

Connaught's dfecreet and successful Execu- 
tive Marketing Programme provides profes- 
sional excellence in helping you to identify 
those unadvertised vacancies. 

Contact us for a free and confidential 
meeting to assess if we can help you. If you 
are currently abroad ask for our Executive 
Expat Service. 

Telephone: 01-734 3879 (24 hours) 



Connaught 



32 Savile Row, London, W1 
■The Executive Job Search 


jTVi 1 rr 


INVESTMENT ASSISTANT 
UP TO £8,000 pjii 


Rapidly expanding Private Client City 
Investment Company requires ambitious, 
numerate/weU educated assistant- with up 
. to two years general stockbroking or 
related experience. Preferred age 20-35. 
Salary up to £8,800. Free lunches, generous 
holidays, excellent prospects. Please • 
telephone Louise. Grundy on 01-638 0724 
for an application form. No agencies 


FINANCIAL CAREER 


National Fiunrial Advisory Company offering an 
^riwodwl Personnel Services in aUsma has vacn- 
ctawtwo eaww- mi nded people in their London. 

Ba d Branch!. If you axe 23+ and require job 
witm ta rtion , proepgcts that are second to none and m 
MH mt remuneration contact Quentin RisaeQ on 

01*439-8431 




















***- i'Ai.Ui'uSDii'I AboUM ii i>di) 


GENERAL AP POINTMENTS I RANKING & ACCOUNTANCY 


^ost 



TCMMTrfri^ Ffnanotoi telecommunication 

^ ben&fif members, averat200 
h!£^S^ <S i Z^W' prav f ctes ex teme/y fast efficienf and cost affective 
services through its sfot&^-ihe^computer-based 

AS your London office, h» tov» presently an opening for a 

field coordinator „ , 

The position will Involve: 

■ woMng:nctote<x>nk&\^SM£Ittment)erlxirtecifaIIma 

■ agoodimvfecfeeoffore^axtfK^ 

■ osouncf/ffTowflbc^ge of internal banking operaflonsandiDUflnBS 

■ a basic knowledge of communications terminals and in particular their 
practical application 

■ some travel tit Europe. ■ 


i andbimfflsi 


r International organization 


®* qg»njft 

* m M i *' & 

^ If' &-$ p 


*» 




rtf 

V 






l/r 


raining & 
tation Spec# 


- • ..r 

./•• ■:*■•: -n.»* 

• * ~-~r:-sr. 


If this is the mdHenging position you have been waiting fix 
detailed CVknd photograph to 
ThePenonnemepatmentS.WLEl iC 
Avenue Ernest Soivay 81 -1310 LAHULPE/BEU3UM 



PARLIAMENTARY 

CORRESPONDENT 

(London) 

Two-year Contract 


a m 


CYMRU 

WALES 



We are an equal 
opportunities employer 


Management Personnel 


‘Expansion Dictates that we 
Appoint Two More Consultants . . 

A wefrwom cfchfe but nevwtfwteas tonal Vfc are 
wpantfng and m« do need to recruit urgentfy two 
peopte to service City cSentsfrorn our prestigious new 
offices in Finsbury Square. 

Ws v»a taraUar applications berth from Recnatment 
Specnfists and sbo from young greduataa who 
offer some work experience gained perhaps In 
accountancy banking, or mgrtetin» 

Ma n agema n t Peraoratai offers a st i mula ti ng wwrov 
jment an estobfedrod efiant base and a generous 
rewards package which includes a car after a 
qualifying period 

.For an informal discussion, telephone in confidence 
Nicetas Matoin, Regional Manager. 

Telephone: 01-258 6041 [cot of hours oi-sos 278$ 


/^\lnl 10 Finsbury Square. 

vii'LtU LONDON EC2A 1AD 


BBC Wales wishes to appoint a 
Parliamentary Correspondent who will 
contribute to Newyddion Saith and Radio 
Cymru from toe Parliamentary studio in the 
Houses of Parliament Duties vwll indude 
preparation of reports, conducting 
intervtews r vvriting commentaries for film 
and P.S.C. and creation of topical material 
for news and current affairs programmes on 
radio and television. ’ 

‘ You wfflrAedprovehJourrtaifetk; - 
experience; a thorough knowledge of Welsh 
affairs; a good microphone voice and the 
ability to workfastand correctly under 
pressure. A current driving licence and 
complete fluency inlhe Welsh languageaxe 
aiso essential. 

Salary £17,313— £22,121 (currently ' 
under review) plus an allowance of £971 p.a. 

Contact usimmediateiy for application 
form (quote ref. 2376/Tand enclose s.a.a) 
BBC Appointments, London Wl A 1AA. 
TeL 01-927 5799. 


icma 

EDUCATION/TRAINING/ 
CAREER DEVELOPMENT 

NORTH OF ENGLAND 

The ICMA, the professional body specialising in 
management accountancy, requires a Professional 
Develop merit Officer for the North of England to 
liaise with employers and educationalists on the 
recruitment education and training of future 
management accountants. 

Reporting to the Director of Education and Training 
in London, the Officer will work from home, 
travelling throughout the region and have closel 
liaison with, ana regularly attend at, Head Office. I 
Applications are invited from graduates, or similar]; 
qualified, with experience of business and training. 
ItD membership preferred 



PHYSICIAN 

for an Arab prince and his house- 
hold. Knowledge of Arabic 
desirable but not essential. If mar- 
ried there is possibility of 
employment for his wife espe- 
cially if she herself is in the 
medical profession. 

CV to: 

112a Harley St, 
London Wl. 


ITD membership preferred. 

We offer an attractive benefits package and salary 
c. E10.000 p.a. 

Pi s a— apply in wrung wtti e.v. to the Per so nnel 
Ma nager, institute or Cost and Management 
Accounta n ts. 63 Portfend Place, London WIN 4AB 




SALES & 


ESSE 


ADMINISTRATION MANAGER 

For ■ pubfishing house with vride-ronging interests in tlw 

Arabic mxfia. 

Potential appksnta are ttqMCted to haw ttw tOkwrog quaS- 

fleutions:- 

• Fluency fei Aretes and Engfipt. 

- Substantial moertanca in managing a imAkiational and 
tnute4ngusl start. 

-. Sutabta mamgaownt quaflficRfcwi and sound tanfltarily 
mm the Brm legal end man* gement scene. 

■- Some experience ana femUartty with work practice in Arab 
countnes, pantulariy the metiW state® « flw GLtLC. (.Gulf 
Cooperation Counafy. 

- Age between 3040 years. 

a mgowbte uiaiy and benefit* package of over ElMOO pa. 

is emfcagad 

Send your C.V. In confidence to: Box tea H65. 


BROOK GREEN W14 




Rwidrefl for busy West London Residential office 
selling a wide range of properties in Brook Green 


■mas suevaireK reouUra 

MDi unw by Manchester used 
Charnred Surveyor* for ira- 
ererMsmaeM wnlL Ptoaie 
t e lephone John FVMt 061-832 
8669- 


servtcW nu near Bata* SI. 
Sub UniwiMy stodera taWna 
yroff £90.00 p.w. 01 262 |TT9 


yaaim 


SALES AND 


F , TJTTA 


£ 13,000 

puMMting company needs m 
ncstamt sales parson to date 
aritti IntemstionaJ ctamis. 

PwriooeMedB Sales or 

AAwtratag Aganey sate* 
axperisnee + fluent German. 
Ftench retired. An easting 
OpporejMy for the ngftf 

person. 





N't 1 * l 1 


Apply Christopher Marlow, 


118 Blythe Road, London W1A, 


|f h h:-. *.•<■» rJ-l 


bn vsoarr men bwbt 

■on. 25+ . good Fmcti. 
wawn a hl e auk rdnml ex- 
Ddenee r w n i u- i. Coowes or 
tmgHo. fflne tain Paul. Free- 
•Sam Holidays 01 741 4686- 


EX Up lor botltfay nmgoy. 
SeK maovano. nard warKHip- 
loco hours, kw pay + mcenu» 
to work tn UK offkv Aid 
abroad- Ol 441 0122. 


CVS. MTOIVCW NELP ANB 

expert ton March guManer 
Rodney Sty Aaweiaies. Tei 
Bwtchamstrt «M42B 72209 


■muKi T, AMamous ana 

wcU spoken todmoual tor ca- 
reer to commocnOte. IB+-. Tef 

404 0666.. 


CLASSICAL MUSK - $ak* Staff 
rMUtrrd for London's wading 
compact ettx iheo. A wans to- 
■erect ana knowiadot of music 
wrtjcuiaity cUeucal is osen- 
Ual w* need people who are 
weS pmetitod to work In an ee- 
vtronmeai where sen ice 

maurrs. You should be »eu 
MiiraUKL retiaWe. and ceir me- 
inmao. Good saury. Telephone 
Simon or Benue 0I-3TV 7635. 


HWI SALESMAN /WOMAN to 

work ui eauDUShMl Central 
London di*uu audio apeodtots. 
fWwo aUUly In tootvend «u 
dto and diouai lecnnotog*- k 
eMikud. coupled with a dnug 
miereM tn recorded miner . Must 
he w*U prrmrted and awe to 
tnnimLitnraU efieeuceiy Ocpa 
salary Teiepwone Stmon or 
Bertua 01-479 7«6. 


REDUNDANT SALE MANAGERS 
& EXECUTIVES, tong Peter 
Carr Bristol 102721 977442 


London Central 
Young Men’s 
Christian 
Association 


GROUP FINANCIAL 
CONTROLLER 

CENTRAL LONDON 

SALARY BY NEGOTIATION 

LONDON CENTRAL YMCA is the largest 
autonomous Association In Europe whose 
history can be traced back to the founding of 
the worldwide Movement in 1844. 

The purpose built complex which opened in 
1976 incorporates CENTYMCA, a recreation 
and sports chib, The Arena Club, the Y Hotel 
and a long stay residence for young people, 
with a combined annual turnover of £5m. 

Michael A. Haynes F.C.MA is leaving shortly 
to study for the priesthood, and we seek as 
Ms successor a qualified and experienced 
Accountant aged between 35 and 45, who is 
able to demonstrate a dear commitment to 
the Christian alms and objectives of the 
YMCA Movement 

The person appointed wiH have the abmty to 
plan, monitor and control the financial affairs- 
of the Association and its subsidiary compa- 
nies, have hands on experience of micro 
computers and will be able to work closely 
with a team of strong minded individuals. 

Terms will include a car, pension and Dfe 
cover. 

Brief C.V. and a statement demonstrating 
your suHabifity for the appointment to: 
Mrs. C- BaJdry, Personnel Manager, 
London Central YMCA, 

112 Great Russell Street 
London. WC1B3NQ. 


MANAGER 

Agribusiness Banking 

Our client is a European Bank, employing some 30,000 people and 
ranked among the world’s top 60 in size. The Bank has extensive 
interests in agriculture and is taking positive steps to expand its 
activities in this sector from the London office. 

We have helped our client review the UK agricultural sector and are 
now recruiting a Manager to head up ihe Agribusiness Finance 
Division. The successful candidate is likely to be aged under 40, with 
around 10 years or more experience in the financial sector and at least 3 
years spent specialising in agriculture. Professional experience and 
commercial aptitude are of more importance than formal academic 
qualifications although these are, of course, advantageous.* 

The negotiable salary is highly attractive and will be supplemented by 
an attractive range of fringe benefits including a car. Career prospects 
are excellent as the Bank is planning to expand significantly its 
international agricultural operations. 

Please send your curriculum vitae in confidence to: 

. Mr D A J Upton, Managing Director, 


Piotrae International Ltd 



Knightsbridge House, 197 Knightsbridge, London SW7 1RN 
Telephone: 01 584 6171 - Telex: 916533 RELCON G 
Please quote Ref FIN/11/6/35 


ASSISTANT FINANCIAL 
CONTROLLER 
Fords 

CHARTER MEDICAL OF 
ENGLAND LTD 

As part of the company's expansion pro- 
gamma we have purchased an additional hospital 
m central London and now need an assistant fi- 
nancial controller. Reporting to the financial 
controfier, the successful applicant wflj initially as- 
sist in setting up the financial operations. After 
completion they wffl then manage the day to day 
wiring of the accounts department Ideally the 
caixfidats wffl be a qualified Chartered Accountant 
or hold a relevant degree with experience. 

We are looking for a highly motivated individual 
wife a desire to progress and succeed and offer 
an negotiable salary + a competitive benefit 
package. 

For further information' please telephone the 
Personnel Department on: 

01-351 1272 
or 

Write with C.V. to: 

Charter Cfinic 
P.O. Box 323. 

1-5 Radnor Walk. 

... • - London SW3 4PB 


CONSULT US FIRST 


COMMERCE & INDUSTRY 

Ruafet/Newty Qualified - Record Industry 
£ neg. + Benefits. W. London. 

Considering your next career move is always a efifrt- 
ettit .decision to make - maybe we can help you. 

This expending record company which boasts the 
largest record store in the world Is looking for a 
career minded, commerci a lly aware individual to 
head their accoimtancy dMsxjn. 

Reporting to the Financial Director you'll be involved 
in the ftw accounting function. This wffl include finan- 
ce analysis, the preparation of forecasts and annual 
budget information, monthfy/quartarty reporting, the 
int roduc tio n of syste ms i m provem e nt s and ea hoc 
projecisyinwsstigBtiomt. 

You wffl be expected to demonstrate a high (eve! of 
initiative, the abfitv to communic a te effectively at ail 
levels 'and enthusiasm for the task in hand. 

Prospects within this company are axceflant and the 
salaiy wffl be negotiated as part of a total benefits 
package reflecting both experience and potent laL For 
a confidential discussion phase cafl or wilts to 
Kathryn Rice. 


PUBLIC PRACTICE 

Partner Designate, City 
£20-25,000 + Benefits 

This well Mown six partner (in London) firm of Char- 
tered Accountants established since the 1820 s. has 
plenty of history, with offices in London, Jersey, and 
Florida the firm is now entering a new phase of 
expansion. They are looking tor an ambitious, quali- 
fied Accountant to step in as partner designate to the 
London office. 

This is a high level appointment Involving chaHengtog 
work in an audit orientated general practice environ* 
merit, with an interesting and varied diem base. 
You should be educated to degree level, a quaMad 
ACA/ACCA with excellent post qualification experi- 
ence and a commitment to a successful career in 
public practice. 

If you want to find out more please call or write to 
Sue Tomer. 


fence and potentlaL Far eM~C B 

use cafl or write to A iafTllEN 1 9 I 


Newly-qualified 



Mow info industry and become Assistant 
Corporate Accountant wfm Hamflfon Biamere Oil & Gas 
limited, the highly successful North Sea operator and UK 
subsidiary of Hamilton Oil Corporation 

Joining the small, efficient, highly 
profession^ finance team In our London office, S 

you will assist in all areas of corporate / ■ 

reporting, including the preparation of quarterly I i 
Iffiamsal statements for US consolidation, and * l i« 
contribute towards the development of the V 
Department V 


H#C 


The Ideal candidate will be 23-28, highly 
motivated, capable til working to tight deadlines and able 
to communicate at ail levels. 

The competitive sakny will be accompanied by 
^ benefits including pension and private medical 
Insurance. 

C ] Please send a full cv to Georgina Baines, 
g»» J Hamilton Brothers Oil & Gas Limited, 

/ Devonshire House, Mayfair Place-, London 
S WIX6AQ. 


Hamilton Brothers Oil and Gas Limited 


' ttf&l' £<!i £i ' A • I 



FINANCIAL CONTROLLER/DIRECTOR DESIGNATE 
c. £22,000 + Benefits 

London's premier metal merchants require a dedicated, determined 
and enthusiastic qualified accountant to ptsy a key role In the develop- 
ment of an exerting group of companies. 'With turnover currently 
running at an annual rate of £12m, and rapidly rising, and a substantial 
interest in one of London's most prestigious property developments, 
this position will suit an ambitious accountant with a positive attitude 
to responsibility. 

Candidates must be qualified accountants, preferably under forty, with 
an ability to organise and to work under pressure. The successful 
candidate wHI be responsible for aH aspects of the finance function as 
well as taking an active involvement in the general management of the 
group. He will work closely with, and report to, the Managing Director 
and can expect a Board appointment within the short term. 

Please write, enclosing a comprehensive C.V.. including details of 
present salary and day-time telephone number, to: 

Neil M Gillam, 

B tease Uoyd & Co., 

Pemberton House, 

4-6 East Harding Street, 

London EC4A 3HY 




wurr QUALIFIED or quhhM 
Accountant*. 3 - ** yean com 
rorcul <”cn for btny Wl 
mlt-rrultOTUI company. Rinq 
MMirvm Phew on 01-491 
MM. CAM COKU&HIEL 


CHIEF ACCOUNTANT. W<fl-4»- 
lawnhco company with 
lunmcr of £l5m in mutope. 
forwarding, warehousing and 
drwiDtilioji Ip Norm Eatl Lon- 
don area mum CWcf 
Accountant with mperienn in 
rommerrr and industry and 
with oddity to mpand 
romDuterKauan 01 operations 
as wen as financial oimim. Me 
would be required k> prOkMe 
motitoU- nuiagmmi reports 
bydKiston Cxcrtlmi proopeas. 
new to BOX csi. 


FINANCIAL 

ACCOUNTANTS 

BUDGET 

ANALYSTS 

LEDGER 

CONTROLLERS 

For the besl in temporary 
assignments, cal! 

accounlemps 

01-638 8171 

A divis-cn ol HoSfrt Ha'I Psconn;! 


ACCOUNTANT 

C. LXWHNfM l 50B-ttoflUS 


Tbs newly crested poatan 
mtiki the H.O. of a nousduid 
name read co. provides an 
excellent wmotonal onoortu- 
nrty to Financial Controller 
Level. You wu be a young 
ACCA/1CMA finalist, possess 
strong technical/ commuuca- 
non sbfls and be eager for 
promotion. Ref: FD. 

Robert Half Person©! 

Bonn Hone. Wood Stem 
tMitafl H2Y 5BA 
01-608-5181 


GERMAN/ 
CREDIT ANALYST 

gesucht ftr ein 
dynamteches Team 

. .etnarintBanfc. 
Perfektes Englrsch+ 
Deutseh+ 2-3 Jahre 
Erfahrung In dfasem 
Beroicb 1st untyxhngt 
- arfordariich. £12.500 - 
17^00. 

BOYCE BILINGUAL 
. 236 5501 

(Mon-Fn 9.00-SJ0) BnpAgy 



HOLIDAY 

DEADLINES 

The Classified Advertiscmmt Department 
will be closed on: MoMtey 25(h August. 
Advertisements for the issues oft 

TUESDAY 26th AUGUST 
WEDNESDAY 27th AUGUST 
MUST BE PLACED BY 
FRIDAY 22nd AUGUST 5.00pm 

USF YOUR ACCESS. VBA DINERS OR AMEX CARD 


LEGAL NOTICES 


IN THE MATTER OF 
FIVE STAR COMMER CIAL 
DEVELOPMENTS LIMITED 
AND 

IN THE MATTER « THE 
COMPANIES ACT IA4S 


Natter ■ nrrray given Uul urn 
trrditora ol [tic dlioirunM 
Comiuny. wMcn B being volun- 
Uitly wound up arr rraunrd an 
or Orlart liw 15tti day M Srptom- 
brr. two. to lend in Utnr lull 
enrutun and sunwnrs. Ihrtr M 
«mwi and nrternmn. fun . 
BjmmjUre at iimr Ml, or 
rt»unt and me name* and ad- 
nrrvws of llw SoUfilormf anyi, 
to Ihr umfrrvmM MJ Naan 
FCA of 3rd Floor. PrUr Haute. 
CKIard and. Mancnmcr Ml ■ 
SAB. the Liquidator of Ihr uld 
Company, and. «f to mutrM nv ■ 
nonce in wnung from the ud , 
Lwibdaior. are. pmonauv or by , 
I heir So Heitor*. u> come in and 
pmr then- debb or claim at ' 
«urh time and Place at Mull bo - 
pwrilml tn tuch nolKF. or in dr- ' 
loun Ihrrrol uwv win be • 
etaudrd from the benrfu or any . 
dmnoudan made oefore >aicn 
droit arc prated, 
paled nut ism day or Augusi 

MJ. saart FCA * 
LMindator 


IN THE MATTER el 
FIREPLACES LIMITED 
AND 

IN THE MATTER Of 
THE COMPANIES ACT 1048 


Nonce >» hereto' git m irvu Uw . 
ctwwon of the HMr uiiM . 
Company, which n bnng iolui- . 
Itoll wotind up are rrouiren oik 
pc before Ihr istnoat of Semem 
per. 1986. to tend in I heir luB - 
Ctimiun and surname*. I heir ad- - 
dresses and dnmHWK. lull ■ 
particulars of iimr dews or. 
claims, and Ihe name* and ad- . 
dtes&m of Iheir SoUrnors -il ant l 
10 llw undersigned M J Isaacs * 
rCA M 3rd Floor PMef Home. ' 
Oslord Street. Munches er mi - 
SAB Ihe Liquidaior nf Ihe sato 
Company, ard. H so rettinred by . 
not ire m writing from Ihr said 
uqiaaaior. are. personally or Dv 
Iheir Sonnlocs. io come m and ' 
prose men- deals or ctMim at 
turn lime and place os shall Be • 
specified ui such notice, or m de . 
laud ItiereM inn will be . 
excluded I ram the beneftl of any 
dntntHilian made before such 
debts are prosed 
CUIed this Ulh day of August 

MJ. Isaacs FCA 
LMtUMBIOT . 


IN THE MATTER o# C K PL-GH 
A COMPANY LIMITED 
AND 

IN THE MATTER of THE . 
COMPANIES ACT I ’MB 


Nonce n hereby green mat llw 
ri editors of me AtxneiumM 1 
Company, which b being solun- * 
uriiy wound up are reotitred. on - 
or oefore me 19th Bay of &*Dftm- 
ner. 1986. to send to Iheir lull . 
Christian and surnames. Iheir ad- 
drestM and aesertBUons. full 
parneulars of Uieir drbts or 
claims, and me names and ad- 
drt«u« of iheir Sold ion tif ansL 
to UK undemjned MJ. hoars 
FCA «t Jro Ftoor. Peter House 
OvMHd Street Manchester Ml 
BAB Dhr UauKUtor of ihe said 
Company, and- if so reouirM by 1 
nonce in writing from the sau 
Uoiadator. are. nenonjlh- or bv 
their soiKiiors- To come in and 
prose iheir drew or claims at 
turn lime and Piare as shah be 
specified ui such nonce, or in a* 
fauil IhereM they wiH be 
rscHlded from Ihe benefit or any 
aisinthdion made before sum 
deots arc proien. 

Dated tuts lAin day of August 
1B86- 

MJ. baan rCA 
LnuidaMr 


wcNHam nee L'RQLHart. 
VERA WEnham nee CR- 
OLHART WIDOW law of 1T0 
Sonnodekl Road. BrsghUWV. East 
Stoeea died in Brighton on lOUi 
June 1986. (Estate *bgu( 
USJXXJl 

The molher of Uir abase named 
K requested to apply to the Trea- 
sury Solicitor <RVi. Queen 
Anne's numbers. 36 Broadway-. 
London Sts 1H 9JS. lading which 
ihe Treasury Sohnior may lake 

sieps to Mmumter the ritak-. 


EDWARDS. VINCENT 
EDWARDS lake a 3A Pulleyns 
Asenw. Cast Ham. London C6 
died Uwre on ifllh Feoruney 
iWtt r Estate aKMll EM.OOCH 
The tttttm of the MeiMVHM 
is reouesieo to apply to me Irea- 
sliry Solhhor iBV ». Queen 
Anne’s Chambers. 28 Broadway, 
London SH > H 9JS. laiimo wmrh 
me Treasury Solicitor may lake 
bmps io aamumtoc w* nuts 

























24 


THE TIMES THURSDAY AUGUST 21 1986 


LA CREME DE LA CREME 


PARTNERS’ SECRETARY 
£9,600 


We are iooUn 
}o<n the Tax 


of an enthusiastic confident secretary to 
vision of a major firm of Chartered 


You wffl provide secretarial support to 3 partners. Past . 
accurate typing is essential. WP training wfl ba given if 
necessary. You must enjoy typing to cope with heavy 
workload. 

(deafly you wfl be 21+ and educated to O level sta nd a rd. 
Please apply enclosing C.V. with day time telephone nun- 
ber to Maureen Betefitey at 

Clark WhitehiD 
25 New Street Square 
London EC4A 3LN 

or caH 01-353 1577 for details 
No Agencies 


LEGAL AUDIO TYPIST 
£10,000 PER ANNUM 

(TO BE REVEWED AFTER SIX MONTHS) 

Wp are looking lor a top dB88 legal awfio typist preferably with 
sh ort ha nd ana some ward processing ex peri e nce. To work as 
part of a Bmsfl team in barristers chambers h Grays ten. 
BexMbty and cheerfulness essential. 

TYPIST RECEPTIONIST TELEPHONIST 
£7,500 

We ere also looking for a emeriti) fiextte MM receptionist 
tetephoctist duties wfl include up dating. looa o l oaf 
encyciopaadia. 

Comact'Bteabetii ABen on 01242 2842. 


r SECRETARY/RECEPTIONIST 

W11. 

>"Young enthusiast: sec/receptionist required for 
1 otr Notting Hill office. Fun secretarial sldBs 
required - typing, aucfio/sfi some basic wp skfBs. 
Salary negotiable. 

Contact JOHN HARE: 01-221 3500 . 


SECRETARY 

Required for purchasing manager. Shorthand, aucfio A 
wp skills essential to work tn - busy comma rical 
environment with an engineering company. 

For further details & an application form, please 
telephone the Personnel Office: 

TRICO FOLBEHTH LTD 
Brentford 
Mkfcfiesex 
01-560 2111 . 


IARY 

OF 


THE TIMES 

CLASSIFTED 


The Times Classified coimnns are read by 
1-3 mflfion of the most affluent people in die 
coimtxy. The foDotnog categories appear 
regolariy each-week and are generally 
accompanied by relevant editorial artic le s. . 
Use die coupon (below), and find out bow 
-easy, fiastandecoooiracalitlshMNlvertisexD- 
The Times dawhed. 

—t^monday^— 

E d u ca t ion: University Appointments, Prep & 
Public School Appointments, Educational 
Courses, Scholarships and Fellowships. 

La Creme de la Creme and other secretarial 
appointments. 

— TUESDAY— 

Computer Horizons: Computer Appoint- 
ments with editorial 
Legal Appointments: Solicitors, Com- 
mercial Lawyers, Legal Officers, Private & 
Public Practise. 

Legal La Creme for top legal secretaries. 
Public Sector. Appointments. 

—WEDNESDAY — 

La Creme de la Creme and other secretarial 
appointments. 

Property: Residential, Town & Country, 
Overseas, Rentals, with editorial. 

Antiques and Collectables. 

—THURSDAY — 

General Appointments: Management and 
Executive appo in tments with editorial. 

La Creme de la Creme and other secretarial 
appointments: -■ - • — - - 

— FRIDAY ~ 

Motors: A complete car buyer's guide with 
editorial. 

Business to Business: Business opportunities, 
franchises etc. with editorial. 

Restaurant Guide. 

===== SATURDAY ===== 

Overseas and UK Holidays: VDlas/Cottages, 
Hotels, Flights etc. 


THE WORLD FAMOUS 
PERSONAL COLUMN, INCLUDING 
RENTALS, APPEARS EVERY DAY. 



Fill in the coupon and attach u Id your advertisement, 
written on a separate piece of paper, allowing 28 letters 
and spues per 'line. 

Rates are Linage £4.00 per line (mm. 3 lines); 

Boxed Display £23 per single column centimetre: — 
Court & Social £6 perlme. 

AH rates subject to 15% VAT. 

Sr«l tre Shfatey Maigfe. Croup Oassffwd Adrer&e- 
BatlH m gH Timrr N i~i T| in p nT I Ilf PfT TTirr IfM 
Vh vina Street*- Landau El 9DD. 


TEMPORARY POSITION 

SECRETARY/ 

ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT 

Ws are a British company with a range of imerasts In the energy Industry and 
are looking for a Secretary /Administrative Assistant to cany outa varied and 
interesting rale within our small head office in the City This is a temporary 
position for 6-9 months due to maternity leave. 

Ybu will provide a secretarial seryteeteiwo senior managers with 
responsibilities for public relations arid strategic planning end wd be 
expected to assist m research work: ttiisTwai include the use of a micro-, 
computer: tor which training win be given 

You should have excellent secretarial skirts, the abtiily fo organize work 
priorities and good communication skIBs. ~ 

We offer an attractive salary together with free lunches and a pleasant 

working environment " 

Please write giving career details, salary expectations and an explanation of 
your Interest in temporary employment to: 

M. A. Pitman. Personnel Manager 
IC Gas, 14 MoorffeiOs Hlgtiwalk, 

London ECZY9BS. 


SENIOR SECRETARY 
£ 10,500 

We are a national fins of chartered accountants with over 400 staff in oar 
London Office. We seed a Senior Secretary to assist one of our partners. 

The requirements are: 

* Age 24+. 

— . * First -class shorthand end audio wlriTU- 

* Good academic background. 

* Proven organisational skills. ' 

* Experience working at senior level 

* Ideally a working knowledge of the Lloyd's insurance market 

In return we offer: - 

* Word processing training. 

* Pleasant, modem offices near Liverpool Street station. 

* 21 days' holiday. 

* LVs, STL, pension scheme, bonus. 

Please write, with foil c.v., to Kim West, Personnel Officer, Nev- 
ille Russell, 246 Bishopsg&te, London EC2M 4PB or telephone 01- 
377 1000 for farther information. 

(No Agencies) 


A2 toadied, atvcnfacrneais 
can be accepted by telepho n e 
(r-wp Announcement!). The 
deadline ■ 5 . 00 pm 2 days prior 
U p ubli cation <le S-OQpm Mon* 
day for Wednesday). Sboelrf 
you wish 10 «d an ad vouse- 
mem m writing pirate ioctede 
your daytime phone iramber- 


MKTMEKT. V yvo have any 
queries or proUm rektiog te 
your advatuuueut owe A has 
appeared, ple a se contact oar 
Customer Services Department 
by telephone oo OMSf 4100. 


OLD YORK KMSmn. oh 

Me .reua me.. Wtiwwm di 
MnvrtM. Tel: (05601 880039 
i-witeu. 

Last KUWrt of the Proms. 01-838 lor Trtsel- Ol *88 9BST. 1ATA. 

1678 Maior cnott cams. i 

CATS. M BS I — - Mis. AH Q<e 

wuwii^u *» 17W. h um. am m oi Ml 
AH motor cradn era. till. Trwwdwbe. Abta. AtoL 


TOP SKILLS 
Earn Top Rato 

Ptirlez Vous Cbnramment 
Francais ou Aflemand or even 
Italian or Spanish? With your 
English to mother tongue stan- 
dard & skills of 100/60, we 
want to hear from you. 

Ring us now for details of how 
to make the most of your hard 
earned skills. 


FRENCH 

Witii Ai Africaa Flavour 
to £9,000 

Bilingual secretary for Re- 

g 'onai director of famous 
rverages company dealing 
with UK and African mar- 
kets. Excellent skills 100/60l 
Super opportunity for 2nd 
jobber with 2/3 years 
experience.. . 



01-491 7100 


01-4917100 


SECRETARY/PA 

Principal partner of smafi young firm of chartered 
surveyors requires experienced and effective 
Secretary/PA. Aucfio skills essential and short- 
hand would be usefuL Excefient salary ft working 
concfitions far right appficant 

Apply in writing only with fufl C.V. to : 

Peglers. 

Ford House. 

161 Wandsworth High Street 
London 
SW184JP 


SECRETARY/PA 
GET INVOLVED 

la aO apects of operations at this growth oriented 
American based Tv Graphics company. Soon to move 
to new offices m Stooebndge Park. The right candidate 
will be able to respond to customer enquiries, be able to 
work on own initiative and perform all administrative 
functions as well as typing and shorthand- Education to 
A levels preferred. 

Please send C.V. and salary requirements in confidence 
to 

S. Sleane 
Chyroa (UK) Ltd 
25 Castlereagh Street 
Loudon W1H 5YR 


SKI SUPERTRAVEL 

Unique opportunity to join our 
ALPINE OPERATIONS DEPARTMENT 
Administrative assistants. 

We are looking for someone with a secretarial back- 
ground to help in this busy department responsible 
Tor 200 ski resort naff . Your duties will be varied and 
w8 include accounts, o r gan i sa tion of briefings, typ- 
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-your own amative &' to numerate and a good 
organiser with plenty of office experience. You 
should be between 23*26 years old, with an i n tere st 
in skiing. Knowledge of French or German an 
advantage. 

Please apply to: Miss Bafis on 01 589 5161 


PA/ADMINISTRATOR TO 
MANAGING OIRECTOR 

Required by small successful COMPUTER COMPANY 
near Oxford Circus. Age 23 - 50 with autfin, WP, 
communicating and organisational skills and good 
education. Training in use of computers given. Salary 
dependent on experience. 

Cambridge Data 

15 Margaret Street, London WIN 7ME 
Telephone: 01-580 9651 


PUBLICITY & 
EDITORIAL 
ASSISTANT 

£10,000 + perks. 

Aon in wrong m-bousr 
PR books. Have ieitaiivc. 
be bright and - prea mble 
nd a good organiser. With 
wmr WP experience and 
the ability to write press | 
1 i*fc aaes. i 

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Caroline 
Waffinger 
new. 


Staff Introductions 
TEL-01>4NBBSS1 


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TEHRY ROMP 4 CO LTD- 
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Westmfaster BrhtaRmd. 
LONDON SE17RW 




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Person Friday required 
tor key position in smaR. 
busy design company. 
Accurate typing and 
initiative essential. Apply 
in writing with C.V. to 

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D4DesigB Ltd 
19a Crawford Street 
Loaden VI 


SECRETARY 
OFFICE ADMIN 

re qu ired for Cwnm tiiu l 
Interior Design practice. in 
Kmsingion. Pteajc write, 
suing experience and 
salary required M: 


RECEPTIONIST 

£9,000 

+ Mortgage Sub 

A young City company 
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spoken Receptionist, pref- 
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CaB Emma Oxley on 
01-631 5045 
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AY AUGUST 21 1986 




aruM/Law ^ 


.AMERICA’S CUP DIARY 


Australians are 
partisan over 
Bond’s defence 




Steffi Graf returns: The No. 1 seed hits a powerful forehand in her win over Anne Minter 

g* • | ATHLETICS 

Graf impresses | 

miss out 

Stuttgart (Reuter) - Rudolf 
Povarniisyn. of the Soviet 
Union, the first man to dear 
2.40 meters in the high jump, 
and Sabine Paetz. of East Ger- 
many. the former world record 
holder for the heptathlon, will 
both miss next week’s European 
championship. Neither athlete 
was entered for the event, which 
runs from August 26 to 31. 
before the d ead l ine for nomina- 
tions. Fovamitsyn set his record 
last year, though it has since 
been beaten by his compatriot, 
Igor Paklin, who is in the 1 16- 
strong Soviet team, with a 2.41- 
meter jump. 

Mrs Paetz, the European 
record bolder, was a surprising 
absentee from East Germany’s 
squad of 93. 

Among the other top names 
missing from the championship 
are the injured Uwe Hohn, of 
East Germany, the world record 
holder in the javelin, and 
Jarmila Kratochvilova, of 
Czechoslovakia. The women’s 
400 and 800 meters world 
champion, who was also, until 
last October, the world record 
holder for the 400 metres, has 
not folly recovered from an 
injury sustained earlier this 
year. 


Where river fish go warily 


By Conrad Voss Bark 

An mkaown number of 
salmon, trout and coarse fish 
died last year becanse of k3kr 
wastes from farms being al- 
lowed to drain info r ivers. 
Many fanners wen respon- 
sible. Few of them w me 
prosecuted. 

Altogether then wen 3,500 
reported incidents of form 
pollution in England and 
Wales in 1985 compared with 
&820 the year before. The 
. details are given in a report 
from the Water. Authorities 
Association. 

The most serious killer was 
silage with 1,006 cases, com- 
pared with 573 in 1984, an 
increase of 76 per cent The 
drainage from farms of silage 
fluid (decayed hay) cansed 
something Eke 30 to 40 per 
cent of all serious fish kills. 
Some of these lolls cansed the 


FISHING 


death of more than 1(1000 
fish, many of than salmon and 
sea front They died from 

SUflOCSuNL 

Other canses of fish kills 
were slurry from pig forms, brt 
broadly speaking most of the 
damage came from beef and 
daily fay w iny - 

It te beUeved that pollution 
increased again during the 
first six months of this year, as 
it has been doing for some 10 
years past Is the Ministry of 
Agriculture and Fisheries do- 
ing something to help formers 
jiKpil equipment to prevent 
pollution? No, it is not As 
from July this year, because of 


the exceptional demand from 
formers for grants to help 
them »Mt»n adequate effluent 
disposal works, the ministry 
said: “The facility to submit 
claims for grant on a standard 
cost basis is being withdrawn 

Earlier this year, the Na- 
tional Anglers Council, which 
represents the interests of 
some three and a half million 
sport fishermen, got fed tip 
with the Ministry of Agri- 
cnltnre. accused it of bring 
concerned only with commer- 
cial sea fishing, and wanted 
responsibility for angling and 
dean rivers transferred to the 
Department of the 
Environment 

The Water Anthorities 
Association report, Water 
Pollution From Farm Waste, 
1985. may be obtained from 
WAA Publications, St Peter’s 
House, Harts bead, Sheffield. 


Data GeneraTs race predic- 
tion panel, made up exclu- 
sively of Australians, 
including John Bertrand, the 
America's Chp winning helms- 
man, has issued its latest 
computerized assessment of 
the 17 syndicates, scoring each 
on crew ability, design, 
motivation as well as admin- 
istrative and entrepreneurial 

ability. 

Alan Bond's defence group, 
not surprisingly, heads the 
listings with 89.75 per cent 
followed by Demi is Conner’s 
New York Yacht Club cam- 
paign, 0.4 per cent behind. 
Britain’s Crusader syndicate 
features half-way down the 
list, haring moved up only one 
place since the first predic- 
tions were published after the 
world championship in Feb- 
ruary- The long training pe- 
riod oft Fremantle and the 
Irish charm of the skipper, 
Harold Cndmore, have appar- 
ently made little impression on 
the panel’s view. 

Scoring 71.15 per cent, the 
Crusader team remain behind 
French Kiss (7138), Eagle 
(77.6), St Francis (78£3), New 
Zealand (82.68), and the New 
York YC (84.95). 

However, the panel also has 
a down on the Cookaburra 
defence challenge, placing the 
Kevin Parry-backed syndicate 
fifth in fine for the Cap with 
8233. despite the drubbing 
they gave the other Australian 
defence syndicates in a recent 
trial series. Perhaps this is 
becanse Laurie Smith, the 

En glishman, hail a hand on 

the helm at the time and the 
panel don’t rate his chances of 
gaining Australian residency 
status in time to take charge 
when the real trials begin in 
October. 

Odds better 
in Britain 

Odds in Britain are some- 
what more favourable towards 
the Royal Thames YC 
representatives. Latest tote 
betting, which is taking the 
event as a contest between 
conn tries, not dubs, places the 
Americans as even favourites, 
displacing the Australians, 
who have dropped to 5-4, 
followed by Britain (5-1), Italy 
(8-1), France and New Zea- 
land (12-1) and Canada 16-1. 

Piracy on the 
hire seas 

The British might have done 
better on entrepreneurial acu- 
men (they scored 6 against 
9.12 awarded to the Bond 
syndicate) if the Data General 
panel had known about their 
one-upmanship against the se- 
curity-conscious, yet free- 
spending, New York YG 

Even a rat cannot move 
around the America II com- 
pound without triggering 
alarm among the eagle-eyed 
security guards, yet a rich i 
American drawl is all that is i 
required to penetrate the fiscal 
barriers of the stars-and- 
stripes brigade, who have 


opened accounts all over town 
since returning to Fremantle 
last month. At the local video 
shop a practised nasal accent 
ensures that staff happily 
chalk the British hire fees as 
well as fines to the US 
accounts. 

But can these street-wise 
lads also pull a few fast ones 
over the Americans on the 
water? 

Pajot still in 
deep water 

The successful last-minnte 
escape for Yves Pa jot’s Chal- 
lenge 12 France syndicate 
from the dutches of the Paris 
bankruptcy court last week 
may still be too late to save 
them if other challengers have 
any say on the matter. 

The Andriev-desfgn is dae 
to be loaded on a snip bound 
for Fremantle, on Saturday, 
bat does not arrive in Austra- 
lia until September 13 — just 
two days before (he measure- 
ment deadline. Should the 
ship miss a tide or break down, 
Pajot has been told by 
Gianfranco Alberini. who 
beads (be Italian committee 
running the challenge trials 
that his syndicate, now backed 
by Grand ig, will not be ac- 
cepted. Rough justice for a 
team that has spent more time 
during the past six months 
fighting battles m boardrooms 
than on the water to save their 
campaign. 

Huge gamble 
by Aga Khan 

Data General's predictions 
aside, the two Italian syn- 
dicates are as much an on- 
known quantity' as Pajot’s 
Marseille group. 

After their dissappointing 
performance at the 12-metre 
world championship earlier 
this year, the Aga Khan- 
backed Azzurra syndicate, 
representing the Costa 
Smeralda YC, hurriedly 
commissioned a close copy of 
the promising Briand-design, 
French Kiss, from the Sdo- 
machen family of yacht de- 
signers, based in Bologna. 
This is insurance against the 
possibility of the VallicelU- 
designed Azzurra III proving 
to be as much a dog as their 
world championship entry 
Azzurra II. 

“Italian Kiss,” as this latest 
design has been nicknamed by 
her crew, was completed too 
late to be test sailed before 
shipment to Perth earlier this 
month. The same applies to 
the Gucri-backed Italia syn- 
dicate, who have spent the past 
two months rebuilding then- 
latest Jiorgetti and Magrini 
design, after a crane lifting the 
yacht toppled on top of IL 
The three new boats arrive 
in Perth on September 2, 
barely a month before the 
trials commence and It will 
take all of that time before the 
two syndicates know whether 
their joint S28 million cam- 
paign has been worthwhile. 

Barry Pickthall 


Law Report August 21 1986 


Amending pleadings to allege fraud 



Atkinson v Fitzwalter ami 
Another 

Before Lord Justice May, Lord 
Justice Parker and Lord Justice 
Stocker 

[Judgment delivered July 31] 

The mere fact that a proposed 

amendment to a pleading 
sought to raise aB^degation' or- 
fined for the first time did not 
take the case outside the ambit 
of the general principle' that all 
amendments should be allowed 
so as to ensure that the real 
matters in controversy between 
the parties were before the court, 
provided that that could be 
done without injustice to the 
other side. 

That general principle 
to an application in a i 
lion action to amend the de- 
fence to plead for the first time 
that the allegation of fraud of 
which the ptaintiff complained 
was true. 

The Court of Appeal so bekL, 
allowing an appeal by the plain- 
tiff Mr John Atkinson, from an 
order of Mr Justice Peter Pain 
who on April 16 bad gra n ted the 
defendants, Mr Ray Fitzwalter 
and Granada Television Ltd, 
leave to amend their defence to 
the plaintiffs action against 
them for libel, winch allegedly 
consisted of- allegations of dis- 
honesty and fraud made in a 
television programme, by plead- 
ing that those allegations, if 
made, were justified. 

' The Court ' of Appeal struck 
out the amendment but rave 
directions pemxitting the defen- 
dants to apply again for leave to 
amend then- defence to allege 
justification and/or fair com- 
ment. 

Mr Charles Gray, QC ami 
Miss Adrienne Page for the 
i plaintiff, Mr Richard Hartley, 
QC and Mr Richard Rampton 
for the defendants. 

LORD JUSTICE MAY said 
that the original defence bad 
been served in October 1984 
and had simply denied that the 
words complained of were 
defamatory of the plaintiff 

Although the application for 
leave to amend bad been made 


18 months later, shortly before 
the action was expected to come 
on for trial bis Lordship was 
quite satisfied that the defen- 
.dant had had good reason for 
not seeking to amend earlier and 
that allowing the amendment 
would not cause, any prejudice 
.. to the plaintiff which could not 
be compensated in money. 

On the general principles 
relating to allowing amend- 
ments stated by Lord Justice 
Bowen in Cropper v Smith 
((1884) 26 ChD 700. 710) leave 
to amend had been rightly 
granted. 

The plaintiff however had 
argued mat a defendant ought 
not in any event to be allowed to 
justify an allegation of fraud 
where that justi fi cation had not 
been pleaded in the first in- 
stance, referring to the note 
20/5-8/22 in the Supreme Court 
Practice L985, p364. 

Having considered Hendriks 
v Montagu U 1881) 17 ChD 63$), 
Bentley* Co Ltd v Black ((X 89^ 
9 TLR 5801 Symonds v City 
Ran* ((1886) 34 WR 364), Lever 
A Co v Goodwin Brothers 
(118871 WN 107) and Riding v 
Hawkins ((1889) 14 PD 56X his 
Lordship concluded that note 
20/5*8/22 in the Supreme Court 
Practice 1985 reflated the de- 
cisions in those cases, but found 
it difficult to reconcile- the 
dictum of Lord Esher, Master of 
the Rolls, in Bentley ; that 
am endme nts adding an allega- 
tion of fraud for the €m time 
woe never allowed save in the 
most exceptional circum- 
stances, with the all-embracing 
general principle enunciated in 
Cropper, that amendments 
should be allowed to ensure-that 
the real issue between the parties 
was before the court provided 
that that did not cause injustice 
to the other side. 

There was no logical reason 
why the fact that an a m e nd ment 
sought to raise an allegation of 
fraud for the first time would in 
most cases take the case outride 
the general Cropper principle. 

On the other band, it had to 
be remembered that fraud wasa 
very serious allegation to make 


and might, if not raised ax the 
outset, be difficult if not impos- 
sible to investigate at a later 
stage in the proceedings. The 
more serious the allegation, the 
more cleariy satisfied must the 
court be, before allowing the 
amendment, that no prejudice 
was being caused by it which 
could not be satisfactorily com- 
pensated. 

In this case, bearing in mind 
the ratio of Associated Leisure 
Ltd (Phonographic Equipment 
Co Lid) v Associated Newspapers 
Lid ([1970J 2 QB 450) that 
justice required all the matters 
raised to be investigated in a 
court of law. the fact that the 
’ plea of justification 
fraud was not of 
itself any reason for not allowing 
the- amendment to be made. 

However, most of the particu- 
lars of the proposed plea did not 
go to the sting of the libel and 
the whole amendment was 
em b ar rassing and should be 
struck out 

Although when a properly 
drafted plea of justification was 
included m the defence in a 
defamation action it was 
permissible to rely on any facts 
which were proved in order to 
support it to reduce the dam- 
ages, even though those facts by 
themselves were insufficient to 
make good the defence as a 
whole (see PampUn v Express 

Newspapers Ltd (unrcponcd), 
February 27. 19851 it was not 
permissible to plead under the 
guise of particulars of 
justification matters which did 
not go to the plaintiffs general 
reputation, with a view to 
leading evidence about them 
solely to support a reduction of 


Lord Justice Parker delivered 
a concurring judgment. 

LORD JUSTICE STOCKER, 
concurring, said that there was 
no general rule that allegations 
of fraud had to be pleadeaat the 
outset and could not be added 
by amendment; all the relevant 
authorities apart from Bentley 
envisaged that in a proper case 
such amendments were permis- 
sible, even at trial if justice so 
demanded. 

Lord Esher’s dictum in Bent- 
ley was confined to cases where 
the facts giving rise to the plea of 
fraud were all known at the time 
of the original pleading, or 
where failure to plead such facts 
amounted to 

or where the de__, 

fraud had been in connexion 
with some tactical inanocuvre. - 

A plea of justification should 
not be allowed by amendment 
where the allegedly defamatory 
statement unequivocally in- 
volved an assertion that the 
plaintiff had been fraudulent 

In such circumstances it be- 
hove the defendant to be in 
possession of aO the relevant 
farts before making the defama- 
tory statement; he could not be 
permitted to amend on the basis 
that his statement had been 
unsuported by evidence known 
to him at the time: 


Thai did not apply here since 
the defendants had from the 
outset pleaded and deposed on 
affidavit to their belief that they 
were not intending to make any 
allegation of fraud. That inten- 
tion and belief was irrelevant ot 
the jury’s verdict, but was 
relevant as to whether the 
defendants should be allowed to 
amend. 

Although there was no general 
rale inhibiting an amendment to 
plead fraud, the fact that the 
nature of the proposed plea of 
justification was an allegation of 
fraud was relevant when consid- 
ering the other factors which, 
following Associated Leisure ; 
applied on an application to 
amend in a defamation action: 
the conduct of the defence, delay 
and due diligence. 

In his Lordship's judgment 
some of the delay in applying for 
leave to amend was culpable, 
but in this case that should not 
override the interests of justice 
that all relevant issues should be 
before the jury. The amendment 
which had been made was 
defective and should be struck 
out, but the defendants should 
be permitted to make a further 
application. 

Solicitors: Penningtons Ward 
Bowie for Foster Baxter 
Cooksey. WilicnhaU; Goodman 
Denick & Co. 


Society not in trade 


■ The appeal should be allowed 
and the whole amendment dis- 
allowed. but in view of the 
Cropper principle and the ratio 
in Associated Leisure the defen- 
dants should be permitted to 
make a further application for 
leave to plead justification and 
fair comment, although that 
must be done within a short 
fixed time. 


Regina v Bow Street Mag- 
istrates Court, Ex parte Jo- 
seph 

The Law Society did not fall 
within the ambit of section 14 of 
the Trade Descriptions 1968 as it 
did not carry out its functions in 
the course of trade or business. 

The Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court (Lord Justice 
Stephen Brown and Mr Justice 
McCowan) so held on July 24 
dismissing an application by Mr 
Michael Joseph, a solicitor, for 
judicial review of the refosal of a 
Bow Street' magistrate to grant 
his application to bring a pnvaie 
prosecution against the Presi- 


dent of the Law Society and the 
Law Society for allegedly 
publishing a false advertisement 
io the magazine Exchange Con- 
tracts. contrary to section 14 of 
the Trade Descriptions Act 1968. 

LORD JUSTICE STEPHEN 
BROWN- said -that - the Law 
Society did not offer services to 
the public and did not cany out 
commercial functions offering 
services to the public. It did not 
carry on matters in the course of 
trade or business. There was no 
evidence to the effect that an 
offence had been committed. 
The application was. vexatious 
and wholly misconceived. 





























SPORT 


THE TIMES THURSDAY AUGUST 21 1986 


RACING 


Classy Green Desert 
fancied to cope with 
return to five furlongs 





. SWIMMING 

Gold rash 


By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Michael Stoute can con- hand over Gwydion in the 
tinue his triumphant march King George Stakes at 
by saddling Green Desert to Goodwood, 
win the William Hill Sprint Stoute and Swinburn also 
Championship at York today have an excellent chance of ( 
m the capable hands of Walter winning the Lowther Stakes 
S wm bum. with Hiaam but this will be no 

In going nap on the winner pushover for the impressive ] 
of this year's July Cup at winner of the Princess Mar- ( 
Newmarket, I am convinced gam Stakes at Ascot because 
that he has enough speed to Potonia is in the line-up. 
follow in the footsteps of Last time out the Irish filly ! 
Never So Bold, Habibti and finished only a length behind 
Sharpo, three of the past four Minstrella and Forest Flower 
winners of today's feature in the Heinz 57 Phoenix 
race, who also won the New- Stakes. On her only previous ; 
market sprint over a furlong ■ ■ 

further en route to 

Knavesmire. lOfUiy S COUTSG 

After watching Green cnofifllictc 

Desert wm at Newmarket. I aptUdlla La 

formed the impression that he YORK 

was fast enough to also win 

*iim aLn i-i-i •_ r __ _ « ___ j t flffW10n5« cj-5%, H CBCv, 31 from 

over the minimum tnp and I 27 0 %: j Tree, 21 irom az. 25.8%. 
know that both Stoute and joc^s ?« &**** 57 winners frgm 

Cnnnlrn m chon> « ilawi 281 fKj69i20^ii WCV8Gii*Sl froniZTS, 

swmourn snare tnai view. ias%; t Qu»m. 7 from 40 , 17 . 5 %. 

The Danzig colt also has a YARMOUTH 

fair amount of class on his traimsrsb h cect m wing mom iei 

8ide ', A fter t aU h L!? s S5v Sfi57» I S5S." 

one to make a race of it with jockeyr a Kmowiey. 11 wtnnera from 

B2*5 81 “ 


Today’s course 
specialists 

YORK 

TRAINERS: J Dunlop, 28 vAnnera from 85 
rumens. 29.5%, H Ce ct 24 from 89, 
27.0%; J Tree. 21 Irom 82. 25.8%. 


231 rides 20.3%; W Carson. 51 fremZTS. 
185%: T Quran. 7 from 40, 175%. 

YARMOUTH 


Guineas and. in hindsight, we 
know the value of that appearance 

Green Desert began the nia was not 
season by giving 101b and a because the 
length beating to Sperry in the Ascot was 


appearance in England, Polo- 
nia was not seen at her best 
because the ground at Royal 
Ascot was firm when she 


Free Handicap. With Sperry contested the Coventry 
subsequently winning life Stakes. 

Cork and Orrery Stakes at There should be no excuse 
Royal Ascot, that form stands this time, though, because the 
up too. going on Knavesmire is per- 

Last season Green Desert feet. Interval, who was backed 


was fast enough to beat the down to 11-8 on before her 
Norfolk Stakes winner, winning debut at Newbury in 
Maroubte, in the Flying Ohif- June, looks the pick of the 
ders Stakes over five furlongs remainder, 
at Doncaster. Trained prop- All in all, Swinburn seems 
eriy. good horses seldom lose set for a highly profitable 


their sharpness. 


afternoon because I also be- 


So having also beaten Grey lieve that he has a good chance 
Desire, Gwydion, and Last of winning the City of York 
Tycoon at Newmarket, my Stakes for Luca Cumani on 
nap is certainly the form Holbrooke Sutton, who ran 
horse. Beaten a short head by Royal Loft to a short head in 


Last Tycoon in the King's the Oak Tree Stakes at 
Stand Slakes at Royal Ascot, Goodwood. In the meantime. 
Double Schwartz then had her conqueror has acquitted 


only the same small margin in herself well against older 




Televised: £30, 3.10, 3.45, 4.15 
Going: good to firm 
Draw: 5f-6f, low numbers best 

Z0 CITY OF YORK STAKES {£4,861: 71) (9 runners) 


002010 EHERALO EAGLE (A 


130- RACXSIRAW 
WM SOUQHAAN (I 


(A Lyons) C Booth 54-4 JIUMaa7 

102 03-1024 PRESUSUMiLoni Howard da Wakton)HCed 44-4 S Caution 8 

103 338000 QUE &YMPA71CA (D) (Mrc A Mufnos) R Boss 4-9-4 JfMd9 

l)(K AtxUla)B WS 3-8-0 B Thomson 4 

(Harridan Al Mahtoun) H Thcmnon Jonas 344 RHSs3 


108 1*4000 BARCLAY STREET tUS£)P) (Lord MatSvMS) I Matthews 3-8-11 PttEddwyS 
US 14-402 HOLBROOKE SUTTON (USA) (Mrs L Dose) L Cumani 3-8-8 WRSwMx*n2 

116 1-300 TANOUMA (USA) (Prince A A Faisal) J Dunlap 34-8 WCaraani 

117 000M2 MARAVftiA (te (M Q'Horan) J Etfterracpan 4-8-7 HWoodG 

5-2 Tanouma. 7-2 Holbrooke Sutton. 4-1 Presfcfium. B-1 Rackstraw, 10-1 Barclay 

Street, due Sympadca. Sougfcaan. 25-1 Marevfla. 33-1 Ementd Eagto. 

PORK PRESUUM (9-2) 4th lo Hard Hoirad (861 at UnglMd (7%f , £12582. good. -My 
12. 11 ran). Eartar(9-3) head Newbury 2nd to Conquering Hare (84) (8f. £7868. good Id 
sotL June 1 1 . 5 ran). ODE SYMPATK9L bast afloit wfMn Sid to Homo Smian (9- 


l best effort when 


)(8f. £7868. good to 
to Homo Saxrnn 19- 
RAW <9-01 3i8w to 


2} at Newmarket (fit. £7609, good to soft. Apr 16, 9 ran). RACKSTRAW (9-ffl 31 3rd to 
Moorgate Man (9-0) at Newcastle (71 Group 3, £14718, good. Aug 13. 10 rai). BARCLAY 
STRKT (94)41 5di to Star CuttBr (9-6) at Goodwood (K, £5049. good to 1Vm.Ji4y 26. 12 


STREET(94) 41 5th to Star Cutter (BS)at Goodwood I 
ran). HOLBROOKE SUTTON (S-7) abort head 2nd to 
£15738, good to firm. JUy 29. 12 ran). TANOUMA tat 
eas. Earn (9-2) 2%l 5th to Bsisw Vole (9-2) at Long* 


eas. Earfar (9-2) 2%f 51hl 
tan). 

Setectfaw TANOUMA 


Cutter (9-6) at Goodwood fla, £5049. good totem. July 29, 12 
it (B-7) short head 2nd to Royal Lott (8-7) at Goodwood (71, 
S.IZmiTANOUmbehndSortcljayinklahlOODQiutt- 
8aiserVote(9-2)atU*igcharTTp(8f.EB8436,tasLMay4. 18 


York selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Holbrooke Sutton. 2.30 Bali Magic. 3.10 GREEN DESERT 
(nap). 3.45 King's Head. 4.1S Hiaam. 4.4S Startino. 5.15 
Vouchsafe. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
20 Holbrooke Sutton. 2 JO AJi Smith. 3. 10 Green DeserL 3.45 Dig- 
gers ResL 4.15 Hiaam. 4.45 Stanino. 5.15 Gulfland. 

By Michael Seely 

3.10 Green Desert. 4.15 Hiaam. 4.45 SUE GRUNDY (nap). 

230 MOORESTYLE CONVIVIAL MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O: £5.353: 
61)115) 

_ ALBANY MAX (Cnmtess at LonsdaWC Neteon 9-0 JftaM7 

23 ALI SMITH OF) (Mrs G Boss) R Bass 94 WHStafcwnS 

2 BALI MAtBC (J Peorco) G Wraqa 8-0 SCauHwnlS 

0 BARNABY BENZ (T H Bennett Group) M H Easterby 9-0 MBM2 

0 KHI BAN SON (B KrfpBtncfc) A Smith 9-0 RHhl 

4 LUBMCAN (USA) (Mrs 0 Davidson) J Tree 9-0 Pat Eddery 11 

3 MA4T3 (Kantoar Al Mataoum) P Watwyn W) Pant Edd*y 12 

2 PAGfTEK (F KrugM) S Wiles 94 ONkhoSs6 

3 03 RtEUVER LAD |Premer Properties) W Pwce 9-0 — 14 

5 HOCK CHANTEUR (Mrs J Vamofd) C Nason 9-0 PCooA 4 

6 RUMBOOOE (A Richards) C Britain 94 G Startcey 9 

9 WOOD &BSEL(5fririkh Mohammed) B H«s 9-0 B Thomson 5 

YOUNG JUDGE (SaKBwIJW WUS 84 NConortenlS 

0 ILLUSTRATE (PHabjlT) A Smith 3-11— . 5 Webster 1 

SUNBtiA (USA) |K Abdulla) W Ham 8-11 WCwrsonlO 

13-8 BaB Magic, 5-1 Lubncan. 11-2 Wood Chisel. 6-1 AS Snath. 10-1 Maj d. 12-1 
Attrany Park. Svnena. 14-1 Rock Charter. 16-1 Others. 


11)M Radcar (51. £1311. good to firm. July 30, 7 ran). 

SaiaeSOR 8AU MAGIC 

3.10 WILLIAM HILL SPRINT CHAMPIONSHIP (Group 1: £49,518: 51) 
(B> 

301 12-1121 DOUBLE SCHWARTZ (C)(0) (R Sangstnr) C Naboi 5-M MEddm2 

302 202300 GREY DESRE fO (M Bntwn) M Brawi MS KOartey 8 

303 4-12021 GREEN DESERT (USAHD) (Mataoum Al MaMoum) M StOUta 3-9 ^_ 

WRSainbwnS 

305 WH114 

306 140230 

307 01Z334 

308 1-43312 

309 0-11130 


WRSmabomS 
mMMiA 
J Raid 8 
IThonson 1 
SCanihanS 
MeNaaimT 

13-8 Green Desert. 5-2 Double Schwartz. 4-1 Last Tycoon. 9-2 Gwydion. 20-1 
BnOesmak}, Grey Desra . Maroubte. 33-1 Orient 




245 BRADFORD A BINDLEY HANDICAP (£20.582 1m) (14) 

401 180330 BOLD AND BEAUTIFUL (0) (K Abdulla) G Pntchard-Gordon 4-9-10 

_ Pat Eddery 12 

403 120-30 KJNGTS HEAD (USAXBF) (A Ward) G Hanwcd 49-9 G Starkey 10 

40 4 1-OZ200 RESOURCEFUL FALCON |flWor*>P Makar 00-7 T Guta 4 

405 1221-02 OHtEKTAL 501TBCT (USA] ISheWh Mohammed) B Hfc 3»5 BThooaonS 
408 03-1302 OTGGEH’S REST (USA) (Sir P OopenMimer) G Wragg 34-4 _ S Cauthen 2 


Yarmouth results 

Going: good to firm 

2.15 fim 61) OUICK REACTION (Celia 
RadtjanO- 6-iy. 2. Henr adura (Maaaie 
Jusur. 7-21: 3- Newguay (Amanda 
Harwood. 3-1 «a»l ALSO RAN 7-2 Hyokm 
(5th). 8 Tanads. 1* Hoftam Grey ibtm. 
Spawn Performer (48i;. 50 Wmor Hol- 
low. Generation Gap. Moodvftmt 10 ran. 
11H. 2 ‘'jL Vkl. 5r1. 2. M Ryan at 
Newmarket Tate; £7.40; £1.80. £130. 
£1.50. DF- £15Ea CSF. £24.93. Tncasc 
£66.67 

2.45 (51 25y4 1. NIGHTDRESS (G 
DuhWfld. 7-2); J. Causeway Foot IP 
RoWnson, 5-1); 3-. 5*997 »««»»• 

W Oram. 4U». ALSO RAN. 11-4 tav 
Greensward Boy (5th). 7 Aosalouie 
Heaven (Bth). 10 Nations Rose (4tm. 12 
Game ugnt 7 ran. nh. ol w. t ’-,L »i. D 

Money at Newmarkai. Tote: £4 IQ; £2.40. 

eSSTop err so. csf.- nssr. wsnnar 
boughtm 

3.15(71) 1 .HOPEFUL KATIE (J WHUams. 
«*)"?. Pointed Lady [R H«. 12-1); 3. 
pneimnaiW Woods. 13-21. ALSO RAN' 9- 


Euchans (W Woods. 13-21 ALSO RAN- 9- 
2 tav Easy Une (am). S Shanrean [6un. 
Pckertayea. 8 Hanry s vennire iSuij. 
Kamaress. 14 tsotm (rel ® race). t§ 
Balkan. 20 Low Kay-75 TanaDancer. 33 
^^le Beauty. Norcooi. Our Remedy. 15 
SSr. W eMayttffl 41. YAJLX I’rLD 
i at Bdesoon Tore; £8 30, £i .80. 
pfa? £2.90 DF £20520 CSF' £14349. 
Tncast E93S.37 


3.45 (61) 1. PILOT JET (P Robinson. 543 
tav); 2, AHuraaah IR Hills. 7-2k 3. Gnmn 
Dollar |R Curanu B-1) ALSO RAN: 9-2 
Flyaway Bnda (4th). 25 Raffles Virginia 
(4th). 200 The Romford Roar (Btnj. 6 ran. 
M. 31. 41. 51. 15L R J WWams at 
Newmarket. Tore: £ 1 . 60 ; £1 SO. £2.00. DF: 
E1S0.CSF £330. 

4.15(70 1. ECHO VALLEY |P Robinson. 
16-1); Z FoBtes Bnrgwea (G Duffteid. 3-1 
lav) 3. Same Join (M Fozzam i i-i*. 
ALSO RAN; S Hunt BM (Gtn). 7 Ivory 
Feus, hfesk El Khashab. Usta Of Avalon 
(4tf»). 9 Madras (Srfi). L2 &m Bonita, tfi 
Sportin' Honors. 20 Riona. 25 Lazy Hare. 
33 Accroaching Star. Momera In The Sun. 
Speeatwn. IS ran. ML kit. SL %i. ii. c 
Brraam at NawmarkaL Tote: £17.50: 
£4 70. £1 6a £2.60. DP: £3020. CSF: 
£64 08 

4A5 (imi t. NO RESTRAINT (Dale 
G4»on. 6-1). 2. Sura LontAng (C Rosier. 
6-1B ■ 3. Prrarie Oyster (A J Geran. 8-1). 
ALSO RAN- 5-4 tav Horowitz (5ttu. 6 
Entourage 12 GnmevW (4tnL 20 Mr 
Adviser. 25 Robw (Wi). 33 Mubah. 
Dancer-Do. 10 ran «. ha 4J. 3), 3». W 
Hastings Baas at Newmarket. Tote: £5.80 
£130. £150. £5.10. DF. £14.70. CSF. 
£3965. 

5.15llm 31 110yd) 1. WHILE IT LASTS 
If Hamoien. 10-1); 2. Gam Ovorbowd (R 
Carter. 14-1); 3. Highland Ball (G Duffteid. 
8- 1 1 . ALSO RAN: 7-4 tav Sneer Lucfc I5tn). 
13-2 Green h> ks. Gvt wtti). 8 Carve™. 10 
Tempest Tossoe. 12 Tip-Tap. 20 Highest 


horses in the Hungerford 
Stakes at Newbury. 

Otherwise it should pay to 
follow Steve Cauthen, who 
can begin by winning the 
Moorestyle Convivial Stakes 
on Bali Magic and complete 
his double on Startino in the 
Gal ties Stakes. 

There was much to like 
about the way that Bali Magic 
(2.30) shaped on his debut at 
Goodwood where he finish** ) 
only three-quarters of a length 
behind Hendeka, who started 
odds-on following a promising 
run behind Just A Flutter and 
Gassic Tale at Newmarket 

While conceding that Sue 
Grundy and Barsham are the 
form horses for the Galtres 
Stakes, having finished fourth 
and fifth respectively behind 
Park Express, Mill On The 
Floss and Santiki in the 
Lancashire Oaks, I still have a 
sneaking regaid for Startmo, 
who is Cauthen's choice in 
preference to the useful 
Kenanga. 

Startino was being talked of 
as a budding group race 
winner after she had out- 
classed Daarkom at Leicester, 
so a listed race ought to be well 
within her reach. 

In the Bradford and Bingiey 
Handicap, it may pay to give 
King's Head another chance 
now that he is racing over a 
mile again. Third on his 
seasonal debut in the Royal 
Hunt Cup al Ascot, Guy 
Harwood's four-year old ap- 
peared to find 10 furlongs too 
tar in the Chesterfield Cup at 
Goodwood last time. 

At Yarmouth, Tony 
Kimberley, who did such a 
sterling job making the run- 
ning for Shardari on Dihistan 
at York on Tuesday, can 
benefit deservedly from 
Swinburn 's absence by land- 
ing a double for Stoute on 
Tamatom- (3-55) and Cape 
Wild (425). 





^ -m h: % i 

t . . i i 





not plain 

sailing 

.. .Madrid (A Pf— With the race 
. swimmers taking a rest day, 
focus was oa-lhe synebromzed 
event jax the world dumpofl- 
ships here, especialfy On Caro- 
lyn- Waldo, of Canada, and her 
quest for a third gold medal, this 
nine in Ebe team contest. She 
bad dnady wo a the. 50 I 0 tend 
duet gelds. 

.But the United States; who 
included die duet- silver medal 
winning, twins." Sarah and Karen 
Joseptoon, were making a fight 
of it; ootscorin the Canadiaiw 
in the first session of routines, 
scaring. 97.4 ; pis to the 
Can^toms* 97 JL As they went 
into the. final, medal deciding 
stage, the. rap had. beeq nar- 
rowed toe Canada 190.60Qpto, 
United Staus 190G21pts with 
Japan third on !g4.163pts. ■ 

. The raring on Tuesday Bad 
seen the East Germans suffer 


Willie Carson and Wigairthorpe (nearer camera) resist the determined late challenge of Maasooj (Ray Cbchnrae) to gtee 

Mick Easterby a memorable triumph in the Scottish Equitable Gncracfc Stakes at Yockyesterday So%y MitcheB,of 

w "»■ ▼§ . w . w- . • , -ta S tat es; Miss MitcbeH,. aged 20. 

Wiganthorpe steals the show lfa§ss£ 


By Michael Seely 

Guy Harwood and Kbaled 
Abdnlla's highly-saccessfid sea- 
son costumed at York yesterday 
when Primary gave the Sussex 
trainer bis stand victory in the 
past three years in the Tote- 
Ebor Handicap. However, the 
loudest cheers of another action- 
packed afternoon were reserved 
far Willie Carson after the 
dynamic Scot, bad driven 
Wiganthorpe to a short head 
victory from Maasooj in the 
Scottish Equitable Gimcrark 

Stakes. 

.The narrowness of the win- 
ning margin surprised most of 
the onlookers and the wide grin 
on Carson’s lace showed his 
relief at the outcome. So, too, did 
the welcoming hollers from 
Mick Easterby demonstrate that 
the Yorkshire trainer bad re- 
alized his life's ambition in 
capturing this historic trophy on 
his local track. 

Easterby, a natural genius at 
his professgn, has already won 
a 1,000 Guineas with Mrs 
McCardy and collected a 
sprinter's Triple Crown with 
Lochnagcr. However, be still 
said: “This is the happiest 


407 1-83002 TROLY RARE (USARCXP) (Swab Mohanmad) M Sttula 4-S4 _ 

WRSKtatemM 


408 000000 QUAUr AM FLYER | 

409 440000 TOP RULERJCJJG 1 

410 111133 AVEN1M0(BI(DMH 

411 000041 COME ON TOE BLU 


(A Smttft) J Sucftfe 3-8-12 

I P) (Mis C Punas) C Britan 7-8-12 1 


J Raid 9 

W Ryan 8 

CRuttor(3)6 


412 021421 SUPER TOP 

413 0421ft 7URFAHAS 


414 400112 SONQRE OOOte 

415 400032 MOORES METAL { 


1DP (to (J Manral) M Fsttwaton-Gn&nr 5^-9 Rtfltatt 

(USAJpQ(HnnfimAiMalit0un4PHMHyn3-8^(5sx} 

E QOONE QWBF) (B Shaw) M H Eastertnr 4-8-3 MtorSl 

l METAL & (Moves SmUhOn-Tranty R HaBrnhead 6-7-12 _ —7 


moment of any tile. My first 
runner in the Gimcrack and I've 
woo it" • 

Formerly having run in the 
Easterby family colours, 
Wiganthorpe yesterday carried 
the faunas combination of bine, 
green and white belonging to 
Robert Songst e r. “1 bought a 
half share on the course at -6 
o'clock last night,** said the man 
who has beat Britain's leading 
owner five times in the past nine 
years. 

“He’s a hud man to bargain 
with, but the deal was finally 
clinched over a . lot of cham- 
pagne. He tfaen told me that it 
was a certainty, bat hi$ con- 
fidence bad evaporated a hit this 
morning. I imagine at the Gim- 
crack dinner I'll have to be the 
straight man and Mick can 
provide the jokes.” 

Last time out Wiganthorpe 
bad. finished a dose fourth to 
fVfinstrella in Enrope's richest 
two-year-old race, the Heinz 57 
Phoenix Stakes. “1 thought he 
was a bit nnlncfcy,” said the 
trainer. “But he wore blinkers 
for the first time today and I 
think it has unproved him 71b.” 
So, too, did this equipment have 
the same effect on 


York results 

Gotog: good to Omi 

2J> ROUS SELIMS STAKES (2-Y-O: 
£5,680: 6Q 

DERWENT VALLEY V C tv Fftatev 


WhpuKborpe's sire, Thatching. 

Talking about his purchase, 
Sangst er said.- “I reckoned that 
the Phoen ix Park race was- the 
best form seen to date. Mick can 
tram him for the vest of- the 
season but next year I want to ' 
race him in the States- as I think 
he b an Meal type tor their 
tracks. 

“People are all talking abbot 
my bad season,” Songster 
continnedL^BttTve already had 
over 200 winners, w o rl d wide 
indnding 38 hi the States.” 

Backers of Primary must have 
been delighted at the gen era tes 
starting price of 6-1 as a flood, of' 
late money, had made White 
Mfil a fasHttteate &rourite'at5- 
1. Bid: White Mill was,Myer in 
with a chance as GreViDe 
Starkey sent . Primary 'dear of 
Us rivals early in the straight. 
Galloping on relentlessly, the 
tfaree-yar-old stormed home fbnr' 
lengths ahead of ChaaveSoaris. 

Allez Milord, was str o ngly 
fancied to complete a double far 
Harwood and advertise his 
claims for the St Leger in the 
Great Voltigeur Stakes, How- 
ever, although the favourite was 
denied a dear ran at a vital stage 
of the race, be was not travelling 


particsbrty. wefi at the tftne and 
eventually flubbed' fifth behind 
-Nbaas- 

The dassfe-trialmrided the 
muse exciting finkh ■- of the 
mcetteg fa date A feribng from 
home six' nnmers were still la 
with a chance and 1 Richard 
■ Qum excelled himself when 
driving Nbntes: home a bend in 
firoat'of Mashkonr wtth Moon 
Madness the .same dbtance 
xmay third. v 

! Nonas, -one of the most 
con si stent thrae-yenr^rids-' b 
fp ifliiiilif 'pfi hM B fwl Us 
nraspettoof giving Paul Cole Us 
first classic win intbe'Sl Lcger 
at. Domtester on September 11 
life cob; who showed such 
courage when capturing the 
Alycfdon Stakes fe Goodwood, 
again dftpenstrated ample re- 
serves of stamlmi when bravely 
repelling . the several 
challengers. . 

The open nature of tire fond 
dassk: b shown by the fed that 
Nisnas', Mnoia- Madness, 
Mashkowand Bonhomie are all 
co-favourites' at -5-1 - with 
Ladbrokes, who after 7-1 
gainst Bakharoff — net yet 
certain to. ran — and Alfa 
MSord. 


YARMOUTH 


dtefimi 
numbara best 


^TVAUEYcrctyFriratov WELLWQTORP1ER MAffiBf STAKES (Z-Y-O: G&G:£I,4(»:7!) 

Park - Rykneu (J Henson) & JR (ZOnifinere) 

Brown (25-1) 1 q 


Bands Of Tima chctw Dance tn Tims - 
Sarah Skktons (M Bemeri) 8 1l 8 


4-1 KJngisHsad. 9-2 Otogar’s Rest tt-2 Sivuru Odtoraa. 6-1 Truly Bans, 6-1 Come wfutwoffli ( 10 - 1 ) ' 
On The Blues, Turfati, 10-1 auper Trip, 12-1 Bod And Betubfii, Ohental Sokler. 14-1 Bmcrottch c bv Cra 


others. 

FOmfc BOLD AND BEAUTTUL 
3. £9W7. fhm. Jto«r 4, 5 rani. ION 


to Pautach (7-ia at AsooUiin. £28476, fkm, jm 18. S2 nid. with suMl TfOF Lf7-7> 
1 VA back in 4th.0UMJTABI FlYEB (80) 9th. and TRULY RARE (S^LMOORESIETAL 
(7-7) and COME ON TIE BUIES (8-2) wffier beMnd. 010001*5 TOST (9-61 2! 2nd to 
Retonbeau (8-7) at Goodwood pt, 15072, good to tkm. Augl. 12 rani TOME ON THE 
SUES (90)1 beat TRULY RARE (9-7m< SlSodwood tim. £4885. good to ton. July 

31. 15 rwiK with BOLD ANOBEAUTfl : UL»-1^7m. SUPB1 TOP (8t» test AVENTWO 
(8-2) II Mo 3rd at Ascot (Ira. £7328. good. July 2d 12 ran), with QUAUTAA FLYER (8- 
12) 7X4 back in 60 l TURFNH (8-192X1 Pcnulract winner over Factotum (8-11) (1m, 
£3506, good to Itrm, Aug 7. 5 ranL 

SetocUon: COME OH TOE BLUB 

4.15 LOWTHER STAKES (Group U: 2-Y-O flUes: £15.336: 60 (9) 

501 21 WMM(U8AM»JMaklDiimAIMakli)un4MSi0utB94) WRSefetoraA 

502 11013 POLONIA (USAXp) JH de Kwisdowsk^ J Botar(bij) 9-0 j Raid 7 

503 2 BEAUCHAMP BUZZ (E Primer) J Durtbp 8-11 WCntonO 

505 20143 CHASaVG MOONBEAMS fBF} (Lord Portfiestar) I BaktngS-ti P Cook 5 

506 14 MDMN LE.Y (W) (SheMi Motnanmed) C Bnffirin 8-11 -Z. GStarkarS 

507 1 WTBWAL«AtxUta)JTree8-T1 PatEddary 1 

508 2311 UNDA'S MAGIC (USA)(D) g Bray) R Armstrong 8-11 GCauttanS 

510 131 iSA 0AHA (O) (G Strewtuidga) I Bafcfcig 8-1 T JMaflMaa2 

511 000112 totCLAIR LADY (Sncta DewaiapRianu) G Otoroyd 8-11 DHchofa3 

5-2 Hiaam. 7-2 Potanta, 9-2 interval, 8-1 Chasing Moonbeams. Linda's Magic, B-1 

Beauchamp Buzz. 12-1 Sea Dara, 20-1 SkcUr Lady. Intkan Lfly. 


Ht back in 4lh. OUAUTAB) R.YBR 
-7) and COME ON TW BUIES (8 
ntonbeau (8-7) at Goodwood 177.1 
LOBS (9-oTbBBt TRULY RARE (9-1 


HEAD fflti tost ttmn (Im aj; pn 
(76, Inn, Jure 18. 32 ran), w 
[8-Q SO), and TRULY RARE (8 

■a hrtiar boMnd. omaars 


l(1m if Group 
y(84)Skf3Rf 


IBTS REST (9-612! 2nd to 
1.12rar^(»W0NTHE 
i. £4888. good to ImJiAr 
ram (&tfbut Avferrwo 
wttft QUAUTAn FLYER (8- 
ovar Factotum ( 8 - 11 ) (lav 


Bmcraftchc by Crofthal- Two’s Up(R 
Lea) 8-6 K Bradshaw (10-1) 3 

ALSO RAN: 13-2 jt-tavs Lady Sunday 
Rabble (5th). 7 Wowknao 
10 tMndmada (MW, Btusher. 



2J0ANDTCAPP HANDICAP (£8^74: 1m 

MY GENERATION ch c by Young 
operatton- High Finale (MFOordan)# 

W3WRSw5nhro(Jff1J- 1 

Mtolo be by Bustad • Amazsr (SheWi A 
Al Matdram) 3-9-7 M Roberts (8-1) 2 

Sambnanchc by NMsU- Mai Pussy (O 
Zawmt) 4^8-1 FU Eddery (12-1)^ 3 





4.45 GALTRES STAKES (fates & mares: £7.843: tm 4f) (13) 
601 01-2 
602 0-10101 




606 1-2204 
807 11 

608 001 
609 1-10 

611 0111 
613 24-2113 

814 3-3481 

815 a-ii 


SMny7 
I Lowe 10 
Canon 2 
3-8-11 

RHflta 13 

W88-7 WRSaUml 

PatEddary 12 

w-7 ratal s 

R Guest 8 

/aiden) H CecCW-7 WRyaoB 

613 ZV-Z113 MTm tBf) u HCWHS] H Houctcon 38-7 J fMd 9 

614 3-3481 PRaunc (B] (The Quean) WHem 38-7 — — BP»cnr3 

615 2-11 STARTMO (D1 IMra J McWatar) H Card 3-8-7 SCaMhanA 

616 13-1004 SUE GRtMDT (E Mofler) G Wragg 34-7 P RattoscN) 11 

7-2 Starano.4-1 Sue Grundy. 9-2 Laughter. 6-1 AWyna, 8-1 Kenanga. 10-1 ITa 

Now Or Newer. 12-1 Amorajst Tho Sara. Basham, Bonshamde. 14-1 oihara. 


&10 T0TE-E80R HANDICAP (E42AS0: 

1m 8Q 

PRIMARY beta Green Dancer - 
Ternary (K Abdula) 3te-7 G Starkey 


Orem Souris b c by 
Sassahie (Sir P Ora) 


Oppenheiraer) 


5-2 Woodpecker. 11-A Tro(an Song.4-1 Kribanate.l^Mugatfi.-10-TKMgoorfla. 
12-1 Good PoSS.14-1 Alaskan, iS-l oSm. • ’ -v ' 7 ^ 


Yannoiidisdec^His ' 

. ByMBtidterin'. .^ 

2.15 Woodpecker. 2.50 Power Beaded 3J25 ‘J^meswitdi. '3-55 
. Tamatour. 4J25 Ctepe.WikL.4J55 Grving ItAHAiy^y. 

By OtoNewmaitetCbrreqxmdeni; 

2.15 Wbodpecker. 230 Power Bender. 3JJS TmtesRrtch: 3^5 
Tamat our. 4JI5 Cape Wild: 4J55 New Ewdence^, ; . .. • 

ZSO YARMOUTH INDUSTRIAL HANDICAP (tl ,76ft ; . 

1 243811 TOteraBBteCTPtdteBrfTBa(i8HMdtefe G B»dlia^1te(teid^ 

4 80-048)' SfTnNB 80LL~ta 8Sr P O UM Bba Un t? gT4toflg4-84b.. t J — - MTOad 

5 122724 ALZUMURBUDflJ)(H A t fc M tex wi lH AmMtropfl3-9-4^ ■ JT 11 

a 04»8M FAimcLU^siro«>>t)jTatorM-a',;.,.. ..^riteai 

7 D 28 O'SAHRAANnF)(MaraD« 0 )A) MaktnndASta«iwt3g-2, — M nobaiti 9 
9 381400 NR-KEWWii. Tfeptdta»frS^... ;.- ^UtoavZ 

10 104312 BRECXLAHD LADY 0^ O’ M TooTOklS (rSS — ^ WWaDflaffllO 

11 204121 GffiBS0SHR9(q( 


WRyaoB 
- J mid 9 






,:g6m*m3 

kecteadail 

BMnfelBI 

I'ANKtarl 


5.15 GREAT YORKSHIRE HANDICAP (E358fi.ini 4f) (IQ) 

i 00-3231 


2 0-04D00 

3 321011 

4 20-8200 

5 M3or« 

6 048214 

7 20-2443 

8 210480 

11 HHX300 

12 411020 




G Sttaay 4 


s m 


W Hem 4-94 WCaneo7 
MO (4ex) 

SCNHb(715 

ILmOS)CBrW»4-8-n PftofatasDlO 

I (USA) (R Songster) B HAS 34-10 BThoanenS 

l)|N J^tor) R Hsrwr 9-M DMchoBat 

toner) G Wragg 4^4 PatEddary 8 

N Nuitao Kffima 4-8-2 LCtwnodkS 

(Home & Trade Ud) B Woman 4-7-7 TW—nti9 

Zmanans) R Whaakor 3-7-7_ S P QOfflKK 2 

7-2 Convinced. 4-1 vouchsafe, ii-a Fesoval Cay. 8-1 Gutfland. Rostheme, 
Witchcraft. 10-1 Naftios, 12-1 BaflyAarw. 14-1 MadUon Girl. 20-1 Viekstown. 



Kioto. 33 Attoari. Botdara. 11 ran. 21. nfc. 
UK. 71. 1 * j| L Cumara at Newmarket. Tote: 
£7 30: £2.00. £7.50, £Z50 DF: £108 60. 
CSF: £1 19.48. Tncast £1 .060J8. Carvaty 
finished third M after an ootecoon by the 
Oari* d me Scales for fating to M«h in 
was dsquafcfied and pOcea test. Thad 
Diaca was awaroed to Htgraano BaB. 4tn to 
• GreenfuB s Grrt and Sth lo Sheer Luck. 
There is now no official soah ota ce. 
Ptaccooft £14280 to 50p atake 

Devon and Exeter 

Going: good 

Zfe (2m if h<M) 1. Aaaagtowl (S 
Sherwood. U-10 tav): Z Bank Parade 
(2-1); 3. Towering (lO-IL 18 ran. 20. 4L O 
Sherwood Tote: £3J0: £1.60. £1.10. 
£3.20. DF: E2S0. CSF: E3L67. 

34 (2m 6t ch) i. Sweet SuBtito i (S 
McNetB. 6-1). 2. Hinton Comer (25-1): 3. 
Golden Match (4-1 j Lent Laurence 11-8 
tav. 13 ran. 9. 1KL J King. Tote: £5.70: 
£1 .50. £5 00. £1 .50. OF: (winner or second 
with any other hone): £2.00. CSF: 
£115.86. 

3L38(2m fieri) 1. B ri tufemfPMoms. 
8-5 tav). Z Fionnador (9-4); 3. Lucytar 
tfl-1). 8 ran. ’-il. 15. N Thorasoo. Tote: 
£2.20, £1.10. £1.70. £200. DF- £200. 
CSF- £433. 

4J) (2m if ch) i. Aont Etty [S Snath 
Bxtos. 84 favt 2. Ratza Coconea (S-i): 
3. Dr Comehus (5- it. 10 ran. I5L «. 
J Francome. Tote £2.90: £1.40. £2.70. 
£1.70. DF: Cl 1.10. CSF: £1162. 


*30 (On M hdtaj 1. Amandas (A 
Chariton. 9-17. 2. Redmve Gel (25-1): 3. 
Getting Plenty (12-1). Msmers Dream 5-2 
tav. 15 ran. 2'/,1. nk. G Bahfcig. Tote: 
£850; £2.70. £801 £170. DP; £8830. 
CSF: £185^0. Tncasc £2441.93. 

58 (2m ii hcSe) 1. M el endez (P 
Scudamore. Evens tav): 2, God's Path 
(11-8); 3. Gav Caruso (25-1). 7 ran. 29, 
I’lLMFtae. Tote: Cf^O: £1.11 £1.60. DF: 
£24)0. CSF' £2.59. 

Ptacepot C&30 

Lingfield Park 

Gakv good to firm 

640 (Gf) 1. Able Start (P Tuft, 10-11 

tav); 2 MuatTdUr (54»: 1 Irish Staor /50- 
1). 9 ran. NR. Buy Mum s AcL 4L %L R 
Armstrong. T«« £1 80. £1.11 £140, 
£220. DF £330. CSF: £258. 

&5(im4f)1. LeatBng Star (A Oarx. 3- 
1): 2 OzupuRMi (9-4 (av); 3. Nortoft 
Sonata (33-t|. 7 ran. NR: Sanwr. 2^,1 sh 
hd. 1 Baldma. Tote £3.70: £280. £210. 
DF- £4.70. CSF: £9.67. 

64»(7J) 1. S ailers S e n a (S Dawson. 14- 
IV. 2 Berta Wooster 14-1): 2 Golden 
Slade (9-D. aj Amead (7-2 lav). 10 ran. nk. 
sn Ud. N Vigors. Tote; £1440, £2-90, 
£1 30. £430. DF: 44.9a CSF: 


245 SCOTTISH EQUITABLE GWKRMX 
STAKES (Group ft: 2-Y-O: £33418: 

WIGANTHORPE Cl C by Thatching - 
Luswna (fl Sangstar) 9 0W Carson 
(9-2) l 

sgateshTSiikEri 

Chkne Time b c by Good Timas - 
Batoespicfc (A Downing) 9-0 M Bach (7- ^ 

ALSO RAN: 100-30 lav Morowoods MHL 
9-2 Just A Flutter (5*tL Rich Charfla. 12 

S85 ^S,! a C lffgi5Sl8 

Wwrsloydaie -i tw. 11 ran. sb hd, 1 W. 
41. 40 hi. M W Eastorhy at Sherirf 
Hutton. Tote: wffi 0^0. Pliers: £1-20. 
£4 10, ri fe OF: £25. 0a CSF: £4211. 
Irmn ugssec. 

i 4.15 GREAT Vto-TITOUR STAKES 
(Group ft 3-Y-O CIO: E3270S: 1m 

nisnas ch e by Tap On Wood - 
Stamene (F Sfenan) 8-7 TCktai (6- ^ 

MaHWamr ch c by Wah River - Sancta 
Rcga (Pnnca A Salman) B-7 S Cauthen 
(7-2) 2 

Moon Madnara b e by Vitas - Castle 

ALSO RAN; 5-2 lav Atoz MflonS BHiL 13-2 

MSrnJi HaJSwfl. Mii 8 

iaonquenng nflfo p« 9 . » rtn. no, no. 1 jw, 
sh hdT9. FCde at Wracon*^To»: «m 
CT.8D Places: £3.10. S-W. DF: £1020. 
CSF: £2440. 2nwi 3214SSC. After a 
stewards 'mquky the restdt stands. 

445 ROSES STAKES (2-Y-O: £7495: SI) 
CAROL'S TREASURE be by Baxter - 
Raofly Sharp (Mrs C Lata) 9-2 B 
Thomson (1 Sp 8 lav) 1 

Bag 0*Rhytbm b c bv Be My Guest - _ 
House Tie (K AFSa«)B-1 1 MHBs (5-1) 2 


12 800484 
14 000308 
16 328441 

11-4 GUierish, 7-2 Power Bender. 4-1 -Gram And BaMt 6-1 Sahrtsn.^-1 Al 
Zumurrud, 10-1 Brocidand Lady. 12-1 Regancy Sqimm, 14-1 others. f 

a25 LES DENNIS NURSSCT HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £2<4S2: 7Q (8)' ' 

2 042140 

3 140343 

4 2002 

6 410832 

7 - ora 

8 40020 

9 mm 
10- 04813' 

2-1 Lasts) 

10-1 Good Buy Banays. iz -1 otnore. 

349 JOHN BECKETT MAIDEN STAKES (EB28:1m 

5 - 00 GUE3StN0<BF)n<AtxMte)G Harwood 3»7 — . ■ ' - A CM* 2 

7 0 MQWSOOM (USA) (SheSffi Mahanvpoffi H 'Csdl 3<-7 1 — NDay 1 

11 » TANATOtfRA^MHSnlOiuUG^»87_w4-— AKkabarMyS 

fARSOIFS OflLD gJSAI^n (R%W4 L Cunri 88-4, 
fOMOimi IA Ifenmj • • ■ 


11-10 Tamatotr, 8-1 Guessing, li-2 Mowsootn. Par so n s Chid, 10-1 Tonquin- 

425 EBF PEDDARS CROSS MATOEH STAKES (2-Y-a £1^35: 61) 


Stales; Miss Mitcbefl,.aged 20. 
did not break any records bat - 
she raised American ream mo- \ 
rate by becomiz^tbe first wm- . 
East Gennau goid medal winner - 4 
1 anteae the women. 

1 IjoT by . ibe quadruple ., 

medal winner. ^ Hake Friedrycb, 
and ibe afariy crowned fastest “ 
woman swimmer in .tbc -world, 
Kristin Otto, East- Gecinany. 
fiad scooped seven oftfae eigbt 15 
nokis contested so fa r. 

^edricb, aged 16, from Kart- > 
Mant-Scadt, collected herfimrtb 
gold wfaea she aifebored the LOO 
meters freestyle relay team to 
victoiy. The feur East.G wiuans 
set a. world . record of 3min ' 
40u57sec, nearly two .seconds 
Inride the previous .best, On fop 
of this. . Otto, on the first kx. ’ 
bettered the 100 meteis Lreestyfe 
record. . 

YACHTING ; 

Indulgence : 

| achieves ! 

| second win ; 

| - By Barry RckftaH : 

Graham Walker and hts BfiV 
ish crew, aboard Indufaence, * 
scored *■ second victory m the - 
Three-Quartcr-Ton Cup series ; 
yesterday to increase their lead * 
m tins .world cfampicRslup but ; 
^be outcome remained in doubt r 
until the finish of this enthrall- " 
lug second . in-shore race } 
aiTorbay. ' ,, . r 

The leading Danish yacht, . 
Frontrunner, skippered by the ; 
derigner. Neils Jenfenon. again . 
made tire most of the noon start * 
to leri the fleet of 25 on the first 
weather-leg ; of this ^4-pufa s 
dyny>ic course and tound. ; 
(ahead of lndulgence witb Rob* ■ 
iett Bottomlcy's Docoso^ yifsor * 
iln Tuesday’s 335-mDe loqg.oflP- . 
-isboresitejlMrtL - 1 

With winds. Mowing little * 
tnore.than seven knots.nomlbe t 
sooth, - the Andrieu-derigned , 
Indulgence, steered by Britain’s > 
Amcrvca ’s Cup hebnsman, - Ed- 
<dfeWarden-Owen,tek)w}y reeled . 
in the leading Dues to fettfiin ' 
15- seconds, at . the - find gybe 
marie. s 

Thereafter^ it became a. tense, j 
taakal battle ben*emihesc.two • 
with Jepperson, Who won 7 
this title last year, playing out- a 
masferty defimsive rbte td stay ■ 
ahead. ' ■* 

; Rounding: die weather made 
for the last time there was: little 

rundown -to the- leeward mSk 
’ fine abreast, with Decbso) again 
steered by D»wd Howleti, de- 
.'the injury to his; teg 
susta ined during the-eariier race, 

dune founded up for .• 
the final 'beat; -Indulgence split * 
tacks 12-metre - fashion , as j 
Frohtrunneraaempted to ojver » 
then and whhi Decosol taking ^ 
an in-shore, reule, (be Danes - 
could dolntte more, than -Java 
Iqose covecrnrertbetwoflrimb • 
yachts.. . 1- ^ 

This was - their 'downfall, 'for j 
with tire-sea breeze' increasing, ; 
Indulgence came alive and even - 
Deoosd brieSy broke tiirau^i ; 
into second place before falling r 
behind again al the finish. . - 
Indulgence now hokis a tbree- i 
point lead over Decosol •ra the - 
overall posit id ns, with ; 
frontrunner third. , 
ligp RACte1.fatol9>nc Pf G W MI i0i1; 2. } 

Panactton (l Oottocaaa. U). OB>wMa5B - 
MhMMNft7.ScapraoAcf«(ArauS ■ 



455HAGD 

5 400083 

6 OS-8 

7 000021 

8 «0 

10 04-040 

11 082232 

12 430000 

u warn 

18 44«S' 

18 oc-ootr 

19 040 

20 raoow 

1MGm« 
8-1 AMda. 10; 



First acceptors 




ftrarttoten^SI: 5. Uon- 82: 8. .Bray 

Tanscheit in 
on a wind 
and a nraver 

WIWO BsocadoA, « Croud* tkrar, 5-1 Ctotettaro, i« “ 

art*Q, i4-i others. . ^r a Spcdal Cosretpondent 

Shifting' wind conditions dc- 

fayed the start of tire Iburtb race 
7 mfireLaserUKchampionriiips 
9 d* . . life Yacht Oub, 

« Littiehampton. A kiss bizarre 
reason . than on Sunday, when an 
etintiB prayer group !lfeid a ;*ea 
baptism ontfie bead) directly fa 
fttratof tire lannchinx ateeftbe 
IfaMfettflcSr ■. ; 

■ Peter. Ttensdvdl, of BrazO.'led 

to- tire --first -windward- -mark 

— ■ — — . ■ rrr r r ' - ahead. of Oraham Tinsley, with 

feCndeet; -BaD -just- bekf- off xbampieiirinpjeaders. - Andrew 



5.15 WYMEHAM HANDICAP (3-Y-O: 
. £3.824:58 

manttm DAN b e by. Tower Waft - 
Baigroggan (G Tuck) a-1 P Cook (6-1) 1 
Rpaaict b c by Mummy's Pal - RettNe 


Cotorpskv. Co mma K rio Beta, CynorMs., 
Deserted. Ova Encora. n — ting ASta, . 
Gesedsh, -Good Ntturod. -Gta-Noak,' 
Husnah, Kmrano* iwtar. Lucwon 

On The Floss. 

Wynn. Park 
Queen HMm, 

Sheer Innocence. StflywySmaghkip iQTe. ; 


sn rxl N Vigors. Tote: £1440. £250. 
El 30 . £4.30. DF: 44.9a CSF: 


Blinkered first time 

YORK: 2.0 Mara v(3a: 4.-45 Pretodo. ' 
YARMOUTH: 2.15 Woodpecker. 


(100-30 tav) ■ 2 

Restore ch c by KaMat - Never So 
Lmtay (Mrs SKhan) 8-1 P WaMran (11- 


.11 God s Me. 1 
Mampn Marie, 

12 ran. 4L 2V>L nk. 

„ Uppcr Lambourn. 

Places: 

Tricast £110- 

Jackpot not mnl Ptacepot C78M5. 


Gold. Starttaa Sue Gronriy. Time 
Tunes A Lady. Too Pftar. Wave Dancer. 
Zumurrodtev TO'he w at Doncaster. 
Septerater 10. 


Bfaave andOmrado In. Anns in 
- tiregrcHrpibrereftix-de'Meautry 
j .over six feriong* at .DeauviBe 
yesfetde y r TtefwoEqg iiriL<a ^ 

: Ifotyfcratis 

'ft*' ~ ft gscdyno 

■ te Toby Orii.:roiijie * bh:-faa 
; winner ftnv foe .Qoeea when 


DONCASTER CUP (2m 2ft Brightnar. 
I Cweber Sememe. .. Deft MaHna tle- 
r. - Gray Salma. Jameftnaad. 
Legend. -Kudz. Lady's -Bridge. 

J utajhM 81/slataaiBB - 

Lws«a IwiyJuBW WflfMCiWi OfB| 
Petnuo. Russtan Node. Gets »ve r. 
Specsai VSnage. ^HcyStory. TateGu^o. 
The Prudent Pm». Valuable- Witness, 
UMto Ckwsr. T© to run at Doocastar. 
September 11; 


lory in -the Uphsm Strifes al lead, creatics the 
U ^gSe ld Partiaan^uTtwM hnSVSSh^crir -fa 
n pa ride, m the prph and resali h adriecL 
scarfed cqldhrs for .Qanc, a^6d against'. Recto an. 

« r -~ ' -• consistent -• 'sail 

• Cefia^Ra^iMmfleipto^l- ctarmiionsbip, 
year- wtat-'fbr fier “first- winner ■ vious Third places, 
-when. she partnered Qmdt,Re- — ; 

action, to victtHy in the Botton fSSSSSJSsnPWf: 
Brpflrers H an4kap.£adie»* Race 
atYaniwufo'yestenfay. . . . .. . 


Brown and Ncal F ree man ; -fifth v 
and tentb. At the second wind- “ 
ward mark, Ricudo- Loodon, »• 
also fam Brazil, had-moveji to 
second 'place : behind- bis 
c oamr y ma n - Tanscheit, f with »■ 
Tqudey, F re eman . and ; Brawn - 
tritoig tire next tinreepfabes^ * 

' F ree man moved np to a e eend > 
attire tiiirovandwapd mark, but ^ 
TanscHeit had 'extended ' his -. 
lead, cRw^cg the finishh^ hire *. 
wefl -riread-of - tfa e fl ee t. -The v 
result is aotigect to a protest - 
against 1 . FtHnnao, .the most *! . 
consistent ■ sailor In- .tie 
ebaropionsfeip, «ritiL thr«e -pre- v 


RESULTS: PwilelauNL .l.-P Tanecftfe 
(Br).sa« No. 787: 2; N Freeman (Datrhrft 
3<84a<S 


PM 















7 HE T iiMES T ti Li K^DA V. A UG USl 2 1 i 9&6 


SEGjv j. 


— / 


All change at Ibrox as Graeme Souness begins to stamp his mark 




With -40 Scottish Cup and 

league titles to their 

credit since the war, 

Glasgow Rangers last 

season had one of their 

worst campaigns. In the 

third of a four-part series 

David Miller talks to the 

- man charged with 

correcting the problem 

cotrish managers giving 
interviews to English 
.journalists tend to have a 
'canny look, a. slight susr 
w picion that jon may take the 
coat off.ifceir backs. I remember 
climbing the imposing staircase in the 
mahogany-panelled entrance hall at 
Ibrox, -.with the august tum-of-the- 
century self-confidence of its Pal- 
ladian pillars, to meet Scott Sytnon in 
the days when Rangers were still 
enjoying a pre-Stein peak. 

Symon was cryptic at the best of 
times, but -.this 'was an interview 
notable for its brevity. A couple of 
dozen questions received 24 single- 
syllable, unmistakably positive an- 
swers: “yes” or “no”, alleviated by an 
occasional, cautious “maybe” You 
could "hardly have called it a 
conversation. 

Those. were great times .at Ibrox in 
the- early sixties, with - Caklow, 
Shearer, 1 Greig, McKinnon, Baxter, 
Henderson," Scott, Brand ana Wilson 
providing, the .core of a succession of 
fine t earn s.~ Yet I - saw Emtracht of 
Frankfurt put 12 goals past them in 
the 1 960 European Cup semi-final, 
and Eintracfat were themselves 
trounced by Real Madrid in the final 
at Hampdenl Such then were the 
standards. In 1963, when Rangers 
bad won the domestic double, I drove 
to Spain for the preliminary round of 
the European Cup. To defray the 
expense, T advertised in the personal 
column of this newspaper for 
accompanying followers, and the 
telephone rang half, the night with 

Coping with doiesfic 
strife rf management 

Scottish - newspapers investigating 
this Sassenach fanatic. On a balmy 
night at Chamartin, we saw the ageiig 
Di Stefan o,‘ Puskas and Gen to thrash 
six glorious goals past Ritchie. 

Times change. In the World Cup 
this summer, only one player from 
Rangefs contributed to Scotland's 
efforts in Mexico, Cooper twice 
corning offas a substitute on the wing 
Climbing the staindast week. atlbrox 
to pice t Graeme Souness.7. wondered 
how the. domestic strife of manage- 
ment in Glasgow was affecting some- 
one who made his reputation, and 
money, almost entirely • outside 
Scotland. •*; 

With 40 Scottish Cup' and League 
titles since the war. Rangers last 
season-had, by their standards, one of 
their worst ever years, finishing fifth 
and just scraping into the UEFA Cup. 
They last won the League in .1978 



Sonness: the new man is doing It his way 


under Jock Wallace, following which 
he headed south to Leicester. He 
came back to Ibrox in 1983, but 
Rangers remained ordinary and phys- 
ical, certainly when I saw them. There 
never seemed to be much difference 
between the„ mounted policemen, 
outside Ibrox and Wallace’s infantry 
inside. 

Souness gave- me a- long, old- 
fashioned lode from behind his big 
desk where he sat relaxed in his dark- 
patterned Italian silk trousers. He 
probably suspected that I had come to 
talk about his sending-off on the 
opening day of the season, which I 
had dol His suspension will cause 
him to reflect on his habits. Not many 
were surprised when he was dis- 
missed. Scottish journalists had been 
predicting, during the Common- 
wealth Games, that local referees 
would be on the look-out for the 
known propensities of Rangers* new 
player-manager. What he didn't dis- 
cover about being hard at Liverpool, 
he learned in Italy. Odd to reflect that 
as a teenager be ran away from 
Tottenham because he was homesick: 
Jhougfa, of .course, insecurity often 
does make people tough in the end. 

“The irony of stupidly getting 
myself sent off” Souness admits, “is 
that Fd been telling the players to 
think more about the game, not to 
play so much with then hearts but 


more with their heads. All that diving 
about won't necessarily non the day. I 
guess I myself lost my head.” 

He learned with Paisley the in- 
delible truth that if the other team 
don't have the ball, they can’t score. 
No-one has kept the ball better than 
he. Jock Stem, likewise, spent almost 
twenty years persuading first Celtic 
and then the national team that 
proving your manhood is not the 
game's priority. Souness admired 
both managers equally, though he 
thinks Stein had an advantage with 
his shrewd public relations and 
ability to communicate. Each of them 
combined sensitivity towards in- 
dividuals with ruthless selection. 

Souness wiO not be short on 
decisiveness off the field. “If players 
are not willing to change and adapt 
their ideas, rfi get rid of them,” he 
says, taking a preoccupied swig of 
orange juice. “I'll do it my way, and 
I*U ask the crowd to be patient People 
say you can't get away with deliberate 
football up here. They said that on 
Merseyside, but Liverpool got away 
with it eventually. The British public 
tend to demand a certain type of 
football, but they ought to be asking 
themselves whether this is going to 
succeed in world football We’ve seen 
the answer. ‘Up and under* is exciting 
up to a certain point, but beyond that 
level the foreigners will destiny you.” 


The problem, he says, is that in dub 
football yon have to play the British 

game in order to qualify' for foe 
foreign game — Scottish dubs beingin 
the happy position that they are. still 
permitted to do so. Some Rangers 
supporters, ominously, could change 
that 

Sonness thinks that, in the tight of 
recent English hooliganism, the time 
is not far off when there: will be a Brit- 
ish Cup, including the Scots, to. 
compensate for European exduaon. 
“Not only does European football 
provide the opportunity to learn 
foreign styles, but it has a finandal 
bonus, the difference on being able to 
buy two new players at the era of the 
season.” 

Over the past twelve years, Rogers 
have spent money cm improving the 
ground rather than the team: some 
£10 million on three new stands, 
producing 33,000 seats; the develop- 
ment master-minded by their former 
player, team manager and director 
Willie WaddelL Rangers, in effect, are 
tow a subsidiary company of John 
Lawrence Ltd, whose chief executive 
David Holmes is the dub’s chairman; 
he was steered into the seat by Law- 

Sectarianism is now 
a thing of the past 

rence Marlborough, the Nevada tax- 
exile grandson of the former chair- 
man John Lawrence: With Holmes’s 
backing, Souness has spent £2m on 
players. 

“Fve tried to buy the best, 
available,” Souness says. The 
£800,000 fee to Ipswich plus the 
salary they offered to Butcher fright- 
ened, off even Spurs and Manchester 
United. Sonness thinks Butcher may 
replace Bryan Robson as England 
captain, and that in Woods he has the 
next England World Cup goalkeeper. 
“Shilton will be too (rid, like me, I 
think, for 1990. I’ve retired now from 
the Internationa] game because I 
knew I couldn't stay the course. 
Butcher has shown in training that 
he’s an even better player than I 
thought he was. I believe he could 
play in continental football” 

. McPherson, an under-2i inter- 
national. will play alongside Butcber 
in the centre of defence; while Niduri, 
the experienced and intelligent Irish- 
man, will provide short-terin 
improvement at full-back. The. teen-. 
ager, Ferguson, is ear-marked even- 
trolly to replace Souness in the centre 
of midfield, white much is expected of 
young Durrani also as a creative 
player. What is needed is another 
goal-scorer alongside McCoist, who 
hit 27 goals last season and was 
quickly given a new contract 

“Well have more men in the 
national squad by the end of the- 
year,” Souness promises. With 
sectarianism a thing of-the-past — 
Souness is married to a Catholic — he 
hopes that the tide of Scottish dub 
football will soon be r unning royal 
blue again. 


( TOMORROW ) 


Arsenal: Can Geoxge Graham 
bring the good times back to 
Highbury? .. .. 


ROWING: BRITISH CREWS HAVE THEIR WORST DAY SO FAR 

‘ ^ — r im mr ___ i 

Crockford beaten in unfamiliar style 


By Jim Kaflton 


The repe ch a ges events at the 
world rowing championships at 
Nottingham yesterday were 
brought forward three hours to 
stan at 730am in the hope of 
avoiding a wind that never 


Great Britain’s team reached 
their lowest point with three 
crews relegated to the small 
finals and one scuttled. New 
Zealand, meanwhile, are in a 
state of stuck, while the Italians 
are wearing big smiles again. 
The Chinese lightweight women 
earned a re-row for a chance ofa 
final' place: thanks to the Irish, 
while tire 'international govern- 
ing’ body (FISA) have been 
concerned about the D anis h 
definition of a swimsuit- It was 
all happening yesterday. 

The British heavyweight eight 
were well out of the hunt in 
yesterday's repechage. They fin- 
ished fourth with the United 
States and Australia qualifying 
well ahead. It appears the so- 
called development eight has 
retarded, growth as they will be 
pushed to hold on to their 
seventh ranking — achieved in 
the small finals last year. 

New Zealand, too, finished a 
disastrous European tour when 
they were- pipped for a final 
place by a young developing 
West ' German eight- This was 
only the -second time since 1966 
that New Zealand have foiled to 
make the -final of the . eights. 


One of the saddest rights of 
the day was watching Beryl 
Crockford, of Great Britain, a 
world champion in lightweight 
double sculls, struggling up the 
course in her repechage of the 
lightweight single sculls. In last 
position she came home, un- 
believably, almost 26 seconds 
behind the winner, Rita De 
JFauw, of Belgium. It was a sad 
note on which, surely, to end a 
brilliant career. In this repe- 
chage, too, the world champion 
Adair Ferguson, of -Australia, 
had to wake up to overhaul the 
Canadian. Heather Hattin, for a 


precious place in the final 
Britain's young heavwright 
coxed four finished last in their 
repechage, but they were not 
disgrarod and will team even 
more in the small finals. The 
young quadruple scuBcrs shared 
the same foie, but were just over 
a length down from qualifying. 
Sadly there are no small finals 
for them as this repechage was. 
for a semi-final place, and they, 
become the first British crew out 
of 13 to be eliminated from the 
competition. This was Britain's" 
lowest day and from now on a 
surge is expected. 


The Olympic and world 
champions in coxed pairs — the 
Abbagnale brothers of Italy — 
thrashed the field in their repe- 
chage. It was good to see them 
flowing again, but they must be 
wondering bow they are going to 
handle our own Redgrave and 
Holmes in Sunday’s finals, hav- 
ing suffered two defeats at their 
bands already this season. 

There was drama in the last 
race of the day when Jn the 
lightweight women’s coxless 
fours. Ireland ran into Canada 
and brought them to a standstill 


WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP RESULTS 


Men 

CCKEO FOUR: (first two to finafc Hast 
On* 1 . USSR. 8 mh 3840soc; 2 . United 
Stales, fctt.lfca. Canada, *43*7: Grow 
Britten (pMps. Genian. Greenaway. 
Barton, bmjcox). 6:49.15. Haat TteO: 1. 
Czechoslovakia. 6*1-33; 2 . Poland. 
6*449: 3. Fnnea. 6:45.62. 

DOUBLE SCULLS: (first three to aami- 
flnal): Hast Onac 1. Finland 7:03-28: 2 . 
Umted States 7:0621 : 3 Austria 707.707: 
4 Brazil 7:10.14; 5 Norway 7:1043. 
COXLESS PARS: (first two to somMteaa: 
Hate One 1 Brazil 7:1526: 2 Austria 
7:1748: 3 W Germany 7:1824; 4 Israel 
005.19. Haat Two: 1 Yugoslavia 7:14,40; 
2 United States 7:1454; 3 Naftert anda 
7:18.7®. Hate Three: 1. E Germany 
70727: 2 Argentina 74)627; 3 Finland 
7:1020 4 France 7:1000. Hate FOw: 1 
Romania 7:06-64; 2 Canada, 7:1143: 3 
SwTUjjrtand 7:1524 4 Bdgarfa 72244 
SINGLES SCULLS (Brat two to gami 
finds): Hate Qbk i H Habar ma no (EG) 
72097: 2 S Fernands! (Ara) 7:32.43; a N 
Hoknayr (Austria) 73831: 4 H Kekfeman 
(Nath) 75429. Hate Two: 1 P Andersen 


(Oan) 73621 ; 2 A LsmMon (Beta) 7:41 29; 
3 R stator (Yug) 747.67; TTAirBage 
(Max) 72025. Hate Threw: 1 R Povren 
(Aus) 738.70; 2 VRadov (Bug 7-45.77: 3 F 
Bartteighl (Swttz) 8*3035; 4 E BSnshtok 
(hr) £1840 Hate Fooc 1 E Marrero 
(Cuba) 73239: 2 G Springer (U9 73531; 
3 P Body (Fr) 73847; 4 CCondoinanofis 
(Gre) 7:4&38. 

COXED PAR: (first and second to final): 
Hate Onto 1 Italy 7:1681: 2. Rttnama 
73321; 3. W Germany 73585: 4. 
Canada. 72925: 5 Greece 7*4.07. Hate 
Two: 1, USSR 72528:2. Brazil 73044; 3. 
CUn 73477; 4 United States 737.45. 
COXLESS FOURS: (fire* three to semi- 
final): 1 Spain 623.08; 2 Argentina 
63221: 3 Sweden 633.17: 4 Switzerland 
63630. 

QUADRUPLE SCULLS: (first three to 
semi-final): 1 Yugratevia 689.10: 2 United 
States 8:11.70: 3 Switzerland 6:12.04; 4 
Grate Brian ( Brafitt Can. Lartan, 
Fletcher) &14.49 

EKSHTSc (first two to (had): Keel 1 : 1 
Umted States 54630; 2 AustraSa 5483ft 
3 Czechoslovakia 5:50-39: 4 Great Britten 
(Spencer-Jonas. Broughton. Garrett. 


Maxay. noon. Buckingham, Peri. Stan- 
hope. Vaughan (cox) 53838; 5 France 
53889. Heat TWm 1 E Germany 5:45.83; 

2 W Germany 5:47.19: 3 N Zealand 
54722: 4 Canada 53035: 5 Netherlands 
681.68. 

Lightweight Women 

SINGLE SCULLS: (flrat two to flran: Hate 
One 1 R DeFauw (Beta) 88558: 2 A 
Ftammon (Aus) 82930: 3 H Ham (Can) 
8:10.77: 4 V Sommertauar (Austria) 
82727; 5 B Crockford tGB) 831-55. Hate 
TWo: 1 M Sava (Rom) 8:1 130: 2 P Baker 
(HZ) 8:1467: 3 M Delfga&uw (Nath) 
6:1953: 4 A Bud (Swttz) 829.13; 5 V 
SchraibarlMex) 83227. 

DOUBLE SCULLS: (first two 10 final): 1 
Jtethertoids 741.43: 2 w Germany 
7:44.17: 3 Ausaia 74622. Hate Two: { 
Belgium 748.96: 2 Danmark 75133; 3 
Canada 75928: 4 Ctana 88129 
COXLESS FOURS: (tlret four to final): 1 
United States 7:1822; 2 W Gennany 
7:19.7; 3 Austratt 722.08.(RO<ow lor 
fowifyiiaca): 1 Canada 74723; 2 China 


HOCKEY 

Canada move 
on thanks 
to goalkeeper 

Amsterdam (Reuter) — At the 
expense of England, whom they 
defeated 1-0. Canada qualified 
for the women's World Cup 
semi-finals yesterday, together 
with The Netherlands. 

The Dutch, title holders and 
Olympic champions, sealed 
their place at the top of group A 
■with a 5-0 win over Spain. 
Australia, hot on Cana d a ’s 
heels, beat Scotland 7-0 to build 
up a big goal difference and 
would have gone through had 
the Canadians drawn or lost 
Canada's heroine was Sharon 
Bayes, the goal keeper, who 
repeatedly denied English at- 
tacks until the 64th mjnnie 
when, at the other end, Lisa Lyn 
broke through with a penalty 
corner to put Canada ahead. 

The Dutch started nervously 
against Spain, as if smarting 
from their defeat by Canada, 
their first setback in 32 m a tc he s, 
but by half-time had found their 
confidence to be 3-0 up. from 
Maijolein Eijsvogri and then 
Lisanne Lejeune with two from 
penalty corners. Eusvogel struck 
again in the second half and 
Marieke van Doom look the last 
from a penalty stroke. 

Australia, set about Scotland 
with a vengeance, scoring three 
in the first half and adding four 
after the interval but Canada’s 
victory later meant it had all 
been in vain. 


C 



BOAT SHOW 
GUIDE 

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TODAY’S FIXTURES 


CRICKET 

Third GomhM Test match 
(11.0 to 6.30) 

THE OVAL: England v New Zealand 
OM rer urateil 

LORD’S: MCC v Scotland 
Britannic Assurance 
County Championship 

( 11.0 to 68) 

CHESTERFIELD: Derbyshire v 
Leicestershire 

COLCHESTER: Essex v 

Gloucestershire 


stare: ttarefite* Mddtasu v Essex: 

NotUnghsmstam v Warwick' 
rv YorfcaMm. 


MINOR COUNTIES 

LMchworttc Hertfordshire v Ourhemr 
Torquay: Ommn v ComwaL 

FOOTBALL 

Klefc-aff 730 

NENE UNITED COUNTIES LEAGUE: Plto 
(mer dMakxt: Rsunds v Eynesbuy. 


OTHER SPORT 


BOURNEMOUTH: Ham p s h ire 
Worcestershire 
DARTFORD: Kent v Surrey 
LYTHAMfc Lancashire v Glamorgan 

NORTHAMPTON: Northampton- 
shire v Nottinghamshire 

TAUNTON: Somerset v Sussex 

HEADINGLEY: Yorkshire v 
MkJdtesex 

SECOND ELEVEN CHAMPIONSHIP: 

Efatnr VteK Sttmotg s n v Kant: Bristol: 
Gloucestershire v Worcestershire: 


BOWLS: English man's nations! 
v ehamplonstap* W Worthing}. 


ffinddc): I .tecrstarshlre 
W rite s Lancasters y 


* Dsrtoysrtre: 
Northampton- 


CnOQULT: Northern chomplonsMpO (at 
Bowden); EteteHo g li 
Souttwnck toumamonL 

Burm tan *f te uwowK Brtttah 
youtos eh sm plore A s (it CamowSoR 
Glasgow apwi (at Haggs Casta)). 

TBWtSs Pottos Aud ttumamsM (at 
Havant): Yugo care Jereey open (at 
Caesarean LTC): Pnidatwte junior antes 
open championships (at Eastbourne). 

SPEEDWAY: Brigs* League: Sheffield v 
tonweft; Nstareol Loaguo: MldteOtoro « 
Hackney. 

g”?** Fo ster* Masters (et Ftatnl 
Pwwquay). 

OMMIWQ: Great Britain v Canada (at 
Crystal Pataca NSCK 



FOOTBALL 

England still in England to 

have one 

fewer in 
UEFA Cup 

Berne. Switzerland (AP) — 
Only three dubs from England 
will be allowed- to compete in 
the UEFA Cup during the 1967- 
. gg season if UEFA, relax their 
Han, in the meantime, on En- 
glish teams participating in 
European competition. If the 
ban, which was implemented 
following the death or 39 fens in 
the Heysel stadhun disaster last 

E ' m is lifted, England would 
ve one fewer dub in the event 
than in recent years. 

Tire absence for two seasons 
-from Europe will cast Enriand a 
dub because they win have 
riipped from the top three in the 
lisrcompQed by the Union of 
European Football Associ- 
ations, which is based on the 
composite per formanc e of each 1 
country's entires .over . the last 
five* seasons. • • . „ • 

England's situation is good 
news for the Soviet Union, who 
will be allocated four . teams 
instead of three in the event, the 
same as Italy and West Ger- 
many. who win continue to be 
allowed the maximum number 
of entries. Accordin g to Euro- 
pean football's governing body 
yesterday, Scotland will have 
three entries, the same as Bel- 
gium, Spain and Yugoslavia. 
Like England, Portugal have lost 
one entry and, like 12 other 
national associations, was given- 
two dub berths. 

Brian Glanvllle looks at the sinister side of the sport 

Allodi is in the clear as the 
Italians clean up their act 


Mike England, d e spi t e 
a 90 percent cut in salary, will 
continue as the Wales part-time 
manager for another two years. 

England foiled to meet a 
deadline for signing bis new 
contract -at the- .end - of July, 
which prompted the Welsh FA 
to threaten him with dist h issaL 
But Ahut Evans, the Welsh FA' 
.secretary, said yesterday: “Ev- 
erything has been ' resolved, 
there are no problems whatso- 
ever and England is still -our 
manager." 

After successfully sorting oat 
the details of bis contract, 
England will now announce his 
squad for Wafea's opening Euro- 
pean championship qualifying 
match against Finland on 
September 1. - 

Meanwhile, Evaps is .writing 
to the . Welsh Office 10 protest at 
a cut. in grant aid' from the 
Sports CoundIJbr Wales which, 
it is danned,' reffl hit coaching 
and development of football in 
WateSr . 

9 Queen’s Park Rangers have 

10 . senior players' doubtf u l 
through injuries for their first 
Leag ue game of the season at 
Southampton on ■ Saturday. 
They have been forced to call off 
their r eserve game 3 f g * wgt West 
Ham in the Football .Comb- 
ination. 

• tan -Painter, Coventry City’s 
£80.000 signing from Stoke, has 
been left out of 'the 13-man 
Sqoad for the opening match of 
the season at West Ham. Cov- 
entry have prefe r red Keith 


Honcben, who was signed from 
Scunthorpe to play alongside 
Cyrilte Regis mthc forward line. 

• Terry Danacott, foe Grimsby 
-Town assistant m anag e r , is 
returning to Everton as reserve 
team manager -just a year after 
leaving Goodison Part, leaving 
Don' CTRionlaiv the former 
Middlesbrough, captain, to take 
over as as s i st an t manager with 
Phil ' Bopnyman . joining the 
coach ma stafTat Blundell Park. ' 
A Blackburn . Rovers , are still 
tiyihg to persuade the FA to 
waive their ticket-only ad- 
mission order before facing 
Leeds United on Saturday. Last 
season's gate dropped to 8,500 
from the previous visit's 20,000. 
That cost Rovers £25,000, yet 
no arrests were made, John 
Howarth, the chib secretary, 
said. “We are the Innocent 
party, - ” he addedf “yet we- are 
made to suffer.” 

'• Tony ERis, the forward signed 
by 'Oldham from Northwrcft 
Victoria, of the GM-Vauxhafl . 
Conference, on a one-year con- 
tract at the weekend after im- 
pressing in trials at Boundary 
Park will not be considered fora 
month until he has reached full 
fitness. EQiSt aged 21, resumed 
.playing at Christmas. " 

• Huddersfield Town yesterday 
secured a five-figure sponsor- 
ship with Green&fi Whitley, the 
Cheshire brewery: Mick Buxton 
received another lift when Brian 
Cox, the dub’s only senior 
goalkeeper, signed a two-year 

contract. 


It has been a Ions, hatsnmer 
for Italian football Failure la- 
the World Cap. The moral as 
national team manager of Enzo 
Bearzat, after 11 years in office. 
The resignation of Federico 
SordiUo as wn Mra t of the 
FIGC the Italian FA. The 
announcement by Sandro 
AHobeUi, the World Cap centre- 
forward, scorer of four goals in 


a year’s ban (rather than the 1 
original foe) tor nssodattag 
with doubtful people. ■ 

Allodi strode oat hi fhry bat 
the charge was flimsy. He went 
free without a stain on his 
pristine character 
Corgi and Udlnel* were not so 
tacky. Cocsi was snspended tar 
five -years; as m the dob 
pretident, Mazza. Uiflnese were 
irlualsrt to the second dhWm 


offence has taken 
were fined not 


Mctico, and one of Italy's few 
— cess— , that he'd never stay for Inane, several other gut 
Joe.. his co«ortry^epun._The_ Lanerosxi Vkesra, promoted 


arratamneat of Ae whole. 1982 
WorW Cap wamting team' oo 
charges of tiffing ti tkdue 
spMBOftf'papssste in Spain. 
The - 'aopiitel ' ot Roma on' 
charges of trying to bribe a 
French referee. The sentencing 
of tran s pe s sors in the latest 
scandal rf match-fixing. 

For those who have been 
watting with baked breath, let it 
at once be said that Imlo Aftodj 
is not. after aB, among them. 

- Telephone taps by police 
tipew np a coovenation ta which 
one match-fixer .told -.another 
that-Napfcs, the dab to which 
AUodiwas a higbly-paM coosiil- 
that; would draw four match 
against Udinese^ Allodi and the 
Udtaese general manager, Tfto- 
Corsi, would arrange for 
Naples's Dtejm M a radona to be 
provoked and sent nffi, So ft 
'transpired. Maradona was in- 
deed seat off, the mateh was 
drawn. •• 

But just before fie FIGC 
inquiry sat in Milan, Armando 
Carbo ne, the Neapolitan mat ch 
“broker," whose' depo sit io n to 
the Twin pro se c ut ors had not 
Naples on the ttittaUnl that 
all his evidence to them . be - 
withdrawn from the FIGC tri- 
bunal The tritanal meekly ac- 
cepted this. Giuseppe 
Marabbttn, the vigorous yoang 
mag ist rate in charge of the - 
investigation in Twin, ex- 
pressed hb astomshmeaL 
Allodi produced witnesses to 
testify that at the tnae of Us 
supposed meeting with Corsi to 
“fix” the match, in the Hotel 
Royal on the Neapolitan sea- 
front, he was elsewhere. It was 
ia vain for the FIGC pto se c atu r . 
a Roman n mgisti ate called 
Labate, to give Allodi a hard 
time, thundering: ‘ ■ “Signor 
Allodi, I haven't proof of year 
absolute aon-tavoivemeat, yew 
absolute i nn ocence." demanding 


the first division, me kept 
down, which allowed a little 

- Tuscan, dufc, .Empoli, to play 
: firstdirisioa football for the first 
. time in their history. ’ Pta, 

another Toucan dub, stayed up 
instead of going down. Among 
other sinners, Lazio, the tamons 
Roman dob, already tottering on 
the brink of dissolution, were 
relented to the third dhfsfeu; 
whin provoked a ririent protest 
march through Rome by fife 
fans. UDivien, the former man- 
ager of - Cagliari, not long ago 
-sera as a ristag star, received' 
three yean’ suspension, which 

- win cmdinj^.&sli his career, 
for - arraugmg a draw in foe 

. second dmskn wlth Ferakta- - 
An nrvestisatioin Mo guw 
fixed in dfvWon three has led to 
many ether suspensions hot by 
comparison wifi 1980, when the 
Glees of Paolo Rossi, Gior da no, 
rad the goalkeeper Albertan 
.were the ptayers 

convicted have been small freer. 
Meanwhile, Marahotto’s crim- 
inal. Invr rtlguion goes on m 
Turin. 

- So, ta ROae, does flie crratmal 
prosecution for alleged fraud, 
against Spartaco I-andhd, boce- 
Italy’s W®rid Cup centre-haH, 
rad the former gatesl m anager 
of Bolzano, Cominato, for gef-' 
ttag 109 mfflioB Gre (£47 J») 
under false pretences out of 
Senator Dtao Viola, the pnO- 
deat of Roma. It was alleged In 
the ItaKaa press that the two 
asswed him they could bribe 
Vaafrot, the French referee -of 
the 1984 Emepeau Cap scari- 
final agafast Dandee United, to 
favour Roma, bat never even, 
appro ach ed him. Viola , was 

nd goflty by tbe FIGC bat got 
ratter their statute of Ifarlta- 


iptoce a mere, six mot 
the rad of any given 


which nr 

-place} 

gnitty # 

UEFA proceeded to^ investi- 
gate, snspended Viola for five 
yean from Enropean football 
and threw Roma oat of the 
UEFA Cop. On appeal they re- 
admitted Roma on the grounds 
■ (like the FIGC) that they were 
not “objectively" responsible. 

' Federico SordiUo, a lawyer' 
from foe totfin dty of 
• Aveniro,- rested Us posr wr 
pretident of foe FIGC after 
endless dis agreements- with 
representatives co-opted from 
.foe. Kalian League. Franco 
Quran, his predecessor a* 
president of AC MOra arid of 
the Italian FA, now president of 
CONI, the Italian Olympic 
Ass o ci at ion, has moved ia as 
temporary commissioner. 

Deprived of the protection of 
SontOlo, Beanot, the manager 
of the 1982 World Crip 
. team, has been poshed npstahra 
to a s up ervi s ory role with the 
- international teams; though be 
says he b perfectly happy and 
'.' h a dS fo k etfam^Boftritaslaiig 
ago. as hist year. His successor, 
predictably; is Azefib Vfetai, 
aged - 53, -foe amtagtr of the 
talented and successful nader-21 
team who vffi soon contest the - 
Enropean final against Spain, 
having e limin a te d E ng lan d . An 
.rarSanvdpria player. Victai, 
like BearrioC, came ap ttinigb 
foe ranks of the FIGC as a coach 
rad has never managed a major 
League ctab. Bearaors advice to . 
him far ^DonTJet anybody help 
yon make mfatafcea; make yonr 

own.” 

f Now BearaotV 1982 World 
Ctp team is ta serious trouble. 
Receipts zeftoctantiy: . produced - 
. by Le Criq Sportif Company, of 
France, cfearty showed that all 
foe .players rec eiv ed money ta 
ash, which was, it is ■flefied, 
never declared to Italiair income 
tax, for wearing foe co mp any’s 
kit in Spain. Beanot himself » 
ta foe dear but for those 
convicted, the prescribed 
punishment under Italian law b 
prison. Given the charmed life 
Italy's star players have lived in 
foe last six years, it is rather ’ 
bud to see that happening. 

(Brhu GtanvOfe b Football ! 

of Tie Soadsp ■ 



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Walsh takes on 
Essex might 
single-handedly 


Colchester: Gloucestershire, 
with eight first innings wickets 
in hai'd. are 245 runs behind 
Essex. 

Once again Courtney 
Walsh, the West Indian fast 
bowler. shouldered 
Gloucestershire's bowling 
burden almost single-handed 
yesterday, when this crucial 
match ’between the two 
championship leaders began. 
Walsh took six for 83 as Essex 
were bowled out for 31 1 in 88 
overs. His consistent accuracy 
never wavered and in hot 
sunshine his stamina was 
remarkable. 

The only blot on an 
enthralling day's cricket was 
Gloucestershire's poor over 
rate. By the time their own 
innings started it had just 
passed six o'clock and 19 
overs remained. Tomlins and 
Romaines had put on 41 in 1 1 
overs before Childs bowled. 
Straightaway the left arm spin- 
ner had Romaines caught at 
slip. Near the end Childs also 
had Russell held at backward 
short leg. 

A fluctuating pattern de- 
lighted the 5.000 crowd and 
reassured anyone concerned 
about the championship's ap- 
peal in the modem game. An 
almost grassless pitch had 
little pace but it is not ex- 
pected to last Walsh, taking 
five or more wickets in an 
innings for the 1 1 th time this 
season, served his team nobly. 

He was particularly effec- 
tive during a spell of 13 overs 
after lunch in which he look 
three wickets. Nobody else in 
the Gloucestershire attack 
looked capable of halting the 
flow of runs from the second 
wicket pair. East and Prichard. 
Their swashbuckling strokes 
earned maximum value on a 


By Richard Streeton 
fast outfield. East, pressed into 
service this week as a make- 
shift opener, was a revelation 
with powerful drives on the 
back foot as he made his 
highest score this year. 

From the start East wasted 
no time and everything he 
attempted came off In 
Lawrence’s second over he 
made his intentions clear with 
a hooked six against a bouncer 
and he carried on in the same 
vein. When Stephenson fol- 
lowed a leg side ball at 53 and 
was caught behind. East had 
claimed 40 of the opening 
stand. Lawrence was punished 
for 31 runs in his first five 
overs and four more before 
lunch cost 24. 

Walsh returned after the 
interval and immediately 
ended East's innings as the 
batsman played crookedly, 
trying to work the ball to the 
leg side. East finished with a 
six and 11 fours. Prichard 
donned East's cloak and. using 
his wrists, was the first to 
punish Walsh on the back 
Fool Prichard and Hardie 
added 60 in 12 overs before 
Walsh dismissed, both men in 
the same over with the third 
and sixth balls. 

Hardie went to a waist high 
return catch which Walsh 
made look easy as he followed 
through. Prichard, who 
hooked Bainbridge for' six 
over square leg, was held by 
Lloyds at first slip. Prichard 
tried to divert the ball to third 
man but it bounced more than 
he expected. Essex passed 200 
in the 51st over but the 
pendulum had swung back to 
Gloucestershire when Pringle 
was also caught at first slip. 

Fletcher and Lilley, how- 
ever, stopped any question of 
an immediate collapse by 


adding 62 in 2 9 overs. Neither 
man early on risked any 
extravagant strokes but they 
kept the score moving, and 
Essex obtained their third 
bonus point in the 65th over. 
Shortly before tea Lilley hit 
Graveney for six over long on. 
Fletcher at 26 survived a hand 
chance in the slips against 
Lawrence. 

Afterwards Lilley was fortu- 
nate to escape being caught on 

the leg side as he swept against 

Lloyds but Alleyne and Walsh 
left the ball to each other. It 
did not matter as Gloucester- 
shire followed with two quick 
wickets. Lilley played forward 
and gave Lloyds his third 
catch at first slip; Fletcher cut 
a ball into Graveney's hands 
at gully. 

Walsh took his fifth wicket 
when he yorked Lever at 286 
but Foster, driving con- 
fidently against Lawrence, 
brought Essex their fourth 
batting point in the 83rd over. 

ESSEX: Rret Innings 
J P Stephenson c Russett b Wttfsh — 8 

DE East tow b Walsh 82 

PJ Prichard cUmtirb Walsh 65 

BRHanfacandb Wbtafi 26 

K W R Retcher c Graveney b Bainbridge 

D R Mngle c Lloyds b Lawrence 6 

A W Lffley c Uoyds b BaMvtdga — 37 
N A Foster c Graveney b Lawrence - 22 

JK Lever b Welsh 2 

J H Chilcls not out B 

QL Adieu bWtfsh : 2 

Extras f b 4, lb 3. nb 1 1 ) — . J8 

Total (88 overs) I — 311 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-53.2-134.3-194. 4- 
1 96, S-207, 6-289, 7-274,8-286. 9-300. IQ- 

311. 

BOWLING: Walsh 292-836; Lawrence 
23-0-113-2: Bainbridge 15-3-42-2: 
Graveney 13335-0: Ltoyrts 9-1-31-0. 
GLOUCESTERSHIRE Rret hmfcigte 
P W Romane s c Richard b CMcfe — 22 

KPTcntoisnotout — « 

f J C RusseU c Prichard b Chads 9 

P Bainbridge not out 4 

E*trasfib7) - 7 

Total (2 wfcts. 19 Overs ) 68 

AWStovdd.KMCuran,JWUoyds.MW 
Alleyne. A Walsh. *D A Graveney. D V 
Lawrence to lari 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-41. 2-81. 

Bonus pts Essex 4 Gloucestershire 4 
Umovas D Lloyd and N T Plows 



O 





■We 




Off with his head: Prichard swipes and the wicketkeeper docks. (Photo: Hugh Rootled ge) 

Harden and Marks SCORECARDS 


Benson displays the quality 
that brought England cap 


Harden and Marks 
set about Sussex 


Hampshire ▼ Worcs 


DARTFORD: Kent have scored 
364 for 6 against Surrey. 

Surrey. lying in third place in 
the Britannic Assurance champ- 
ionship table, were offered few 
chances to improve their po- 
sition yesterday. Mark Benson 
and. Neil Taylor pm on 212, 
Kent's highest first wicket 
partnership since Luckhurst and 
Johnson took 256 off Derby- 
shire in 1973 l Thereafter. Surrey 
were kepi in the field all day. 

Although he has made four 
scores in the 90s, this was the 
first time Benson had recorded a 
championship century in this, 
the season he has been chosen 
for England. It came in 210 
minutes and included 17 fours. 

Benson's customary opening 
partner, Hinks. had changed 
places in the batting order with 
Taylor. The reason for this lies 
in Kent's inconsistent batting 
this season and. anyway, Taylor 
has always seemed better suited 
to opening the innings. On a dry 
pitch which is likely to take spin 
later, the openers scored at 
almost a run a minute after Kent 
won the toss. 


By Ivo Tennant 

Hesketh Park is a pleasant, 
small town ground. It lacks the 
beauty of the St Lawrence, the 
Moat or the Nevill, but good 
club cricket is played here which 
is reflected in the pitches. While 
other of the multifarious Kent 
grounds were dropped from first 
class cricket, this remained. It 
was here, not so long ago, that 
the teenage Graham Diliey 
asked Alan Knott how to be- 
come a professional cricketer. 

That Diliey has vacated his 
home town for loftier cricket 
will help Surrey's championship 
aspirations- When they did 
manage to part the openers, 
other successes followed*. Fel- 
tham took die first three wickets 
to fall having Taylor, who hit 
ten fours and a six in his 88, 1% 
before as he played half forward, 
hitting Benson's middle stump 
and finding the edge of Hink's 
bat. 

Tavare settled for a while, but 
Kent did not capitalize p ro p erl y 
on their fine start. Aslett played 
on to Thomas: Tavart having 
reached 32, tried a bade foot 
drive at a ball too far up to him 


and Cowdrey was stumped by a 
mile. 

Cowdrey chose not to declare 
once Kent had reached their 
fourth batting point. Instead, 
Marsh cheerfully drove any- 
thing overpitched, finishing the 
day with an unbeaten 45. Bank- 
ing on the ball turning, Kent 
have included Dale, an off- 
spinner. as well as Underwood. 


By Alan Gibson £ 

Somerset have runs 'to begin with but Marks 5 Z 

r eight against had caught up with him by the ” 

rime they were both m the TUTramtasc Rhodes b Newport 2 

reading from the seventies. * n ■£££?’ — » 

use often used in Marks progre^ mainly by r 

weather forecast his drives through what is called rjmwu not out 8 

ictually felling in the V triangle. He has always C A Connor cRhodwb Pridgen — 1 

we got up to a been good at these. Harden's ‘=55 

■cause so much strokes were rather more varied; . - ■ - -r - *7 

msjy fallen, play They both beanie more sparing £££{ 
a few minutes az in attacking shots as they neared 237 . - 


TAUNTON: Somerset have 
scored 3/5 for eight against 
Sussex 

Rain was spreading from the 
west in the phrase often used in 
the morning weather forecast 
but it was not actually felling in 
the west and we got up to a 
sunny sky. Because so much 
rain had previously fallen, play 
was delayed for a few minutes az 
the start Roebuck, perhaps 
discouraged by some recent 
experiments in captaincy, de- 
cided to bat and was. in the end. 


W CERTIFIED DIVIDENDS 


m vuuu *»vuu. 1 

§£0*^“* P X & 

championship debut for Kent. 

KENT: First innings ting smooth. and the bowlers 

MRBansonbRato am- -123 perhaps seeking to stir up. They 

r S always had looks of the utmost 

u j lavaio tow p rocot* . oc — -t ^ 

S G Kinks c Qarkc b E^Uham - 9 innocence wnen me umpires, as 

D GAatettb Thomas ; — 17 they occasionally did, invesri- 

"C S Cowdrey st Rtdiarts b Pococfc -10 gated. 

SaSSSzi- — - z3 Two wickets fell quickly. 

Extras (b 15. a 2 .r* 11 ) .28 those of Wyan and Felton. 

Tow (6 wtets) 364 However, the pitch grew easier. 

Scores at ioo ovws: 311-6. Roebuck began to settle down 

C SDate, D-L Underwood and T M and Richards, who has had 

several disappointing perfor- 
£aw.^ai!fr^ 1_a12, MS2 * 3 ’ 234 ' mances lately, seemed as if he 
Sixrey: a r' B utch*. G s canton, a J was determined to play an 
Stewart T E Jas»y, M a Lynch. 1C J tunings. 

Vrr£!!!?'«o K T Jusl before lunch, Richards 
ffSEV nLzZZZJ ZZZZr was caught at the wicket trying 

Umpres: B Dudteston and D Ostear. He looked Cross. 

HP 1 _ __ , _ J , but I do not think it was more 

I fill | IiJIITV than crossness with himself. 

V Just after lunch, Roebuck was 

to _■ a _ _ J__, out a decision he accepted with 

Villi! V his customary stoicism. That 

was 108 for four, the game 
^ ^ a evenly balanced, buz during the 

TPrm C afternoon Harden and Marks 

uv TT batted equably in continuing 

By-loh" Woodcock rSSJSM SP£ 

Cricket Correspondent 

To coincide with a tightening- 
op of. unr contracts, so Car as 
they concern team members 
writing and broadcasting, the 
Test and County Cricket Board 
are to said some 30 players the 
tennsfor the forthcoming visit to 
Australia. This is to give would- 
be players the opportunity to 
study the new commons before 
declaring then- availability for 
the to or. The Board are askrao 


IQB 

COUIDW1NA 


TREBLE CHANCE PAYING 6 DIVIDENDS 




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23 PTS £110-50 

22V12 PTS £11-60 

22 PTS £7-20 

21^ PTS £3-50 

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TnbhCfcaaee ifivitMs to units ef^fcp. 


FOR 
COUPONS 


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10 HOMES £418-10 

4AVUAYS £2-55 

A&awMdMrisfamfcsofUp 

Expenses and CBmmMoo 
2nd August 1986— 3T9K 


|»jl|II|g| 0800400400 

vernonS 


POOLS LIVERPOOL 


. Join the 
ChJMIIton Club 

Get e/our couponin' not# f 


for a reply by September 3. 

To compensate for any loss of 
earnings which might result 
from certain players no longer 
being allowed to put their names 
to ghosted columns, or to broad- 
cast, tour salaries are to be 
increased. In West Indies last 
winter the baric fee was £10,250. 
This now goes up to £12,000 for 
a tour which lasts longer. ~ 

There will be farther aDow- 


tea. Harden scored most 


. their hundreds. Marks was the 
first to reach his, just. It was, I 
think, his fust hundred in a 
county championship . match, 
though he has scored profusely 
elsewhere. .... 

.1. remember Marks being 
dropped from the England side 
after scoring three consecutive 
Test fifties, something which 
can hardly have happened to 
anyone else. Harden followed 
him to the honour of a century 
in the following over. Both bad 
done exceptionally well, and the 
Somerset crowd — and I have no 
doubt their captain — had every 
reason to be proud of them. 

SOMERSET!: first Mags.. .. 

J G Wyatt few b Jones 3 

*PM Roebuck cSpeightb CM Wells 39 

N A. Fatten fc> Jones __-0 

I VA Richards fewb CM White 41 

R J Harden b PtgoU 108 

VJ Marks cSpmghtbCMMMte — 110 

tTGsrtfCK*t)ftgott 5 

JGwnarc Speight bRgoit 0 

M 0 Hannan not out : 4 

N S Taylor not out 0 

Ewras(b1.to1.nb3) 5 

Total (8 wfcts) .315 

Score at 1 00 ovwk 282 for.4. 

0 J Foster to bet. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-9, 2-8. 3-61. 4-108, 
5-295, 3305. 7-305. 3315. 

SUSSEX: A M Green. R I ABAan. N J 
Lenta m. T W GParicec. C M Wefts. A P 
Weis, O K sanctato. tM P Spe^n. A CS 
PlgotL A N Jones.C toys. 

Bonus pohrts: Somerset a Sussex 1. 
Umpires: C Cook and JW Holder. 


Terry stops Hampshire 
from coming apart 


By Peter Marson 


Philip Newport took five for 
74 and Paul Pridgeon three for 
33 as Hampshire straggled to 
make 237 against . Worcester- 


raouth. yesterday. As Newport, 
Pridgeon and McEwan worked 
their way through Hampshire's 
order. Terry held fast in an 
invaluable innings to make 74. 
In 10 overs before the close. 
Worcestershire lost Smith, 
caught behind off Marshall in 
making 16. 

Pul in to bat Hampshire had 
begun promisuigty. But after 
Greenidge had beat bonded for 
16, Middleton fell' to a catch' 


though, one managed to stick, 
and Mkher fdl to a neat catch 
behind off Agnew. With batting 
appearing to be- a difficult 


,6 * Middleton fell to a catch 
off Newport, and that 
imfi 1 for two. Christopher 


FIVE GOES A PENNY 
TREBLE CHANCE 
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23 pts £32-25 

22%ptS £3-05 

22 pts „£ 2-10 

21% pts £0-95 

Treble Chance Dividends (0 Units of 
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10 HOMES £5954)0 

(Nothing Barred) 

5 A WAYS ...£1-55 

(Nothing Barred) 

4 DRAWS £3-<B 

(Nothing Barred! 

Above Dividends to Units of IQp. 

Expenses and Commission far 2nd 
August 1986-33-5% 


For coupons Phone 01-200 0200 


POOLS LONDON EC1. 


15 m Ip Multi ' TOPS qafore include 



ingly. 1 b chooshig their final 
side the selectors will be free to 
go beyond the names of those 
already written to. 

Ghosted cohwms base grown 
considerably in recent years. 
Last winter six or eight of the 
Ellwand’ side woald probably 
have put their names to one. 
They bare had to be vetted by 
the tear manager, ami if they can 
be spicy so modi the better for 
the newspaper. They have 
semned to me to he,' on the whole, 
fairly harmless. The Board, on 
the other hand, consider them a 
potential cause of grievance, 
strain or tension, -which is- why 
they . have taken this actiM. 

For the m om ent it affects only 
writings on tear. If the Board 
were to have to compensate {an 
Botham, for example, for losing 
Ms regular coliran in the San, 
they would need a calculator. 
This is said to be worth some- 
thing in the region of £404)00 a 
year to him. Whether it will 
continue to be worth as much as 
that, if Botham is’to be silent on 
tour, is another matter. 

• New Delhi — (Reuter) India's 
selectors voted unanimously 


Smith - then made a crisp catch to Metcalfe at square leg 

begrning in company with his off Dennis. Middlesex were then 

brother Robin, but when the 119 for four from 37 overs, 
younger Smith played a shade Gbunesgan pocketed four 
too- early, a rising ball from points as they bowled out 
Newport settled' easily in Lancashire fori 92 in 98.1 ovexs 
Neale's hands at cover poinL At at LythaxB. Lancashire, who 
lunch, Hampshire had made 73 were without five regular play- 
frorn 39 overs. . era, hatted first but made a 

Chris Broad made 92, Fraser- disappointing start, losing 
Darting. 61, and Scott, 40, in Chadwick, nu out to a brilliant 
Nottinghamshire^ total of 284 throw from cover point by 
for eight against Nor thampto n- Holmes, with the score 12, and 
shire at Northampton. Geoff Hayes and Fairbrotber in the 
Cook's decision to field first had period before lunch. By then 
been put in question when only Lancashirehad made 74 for 
a single wicket had fallen, that of three, of which Abrahams had 


■ n.r-i-,1 1 1 1 v**! i uxAXC 

87 for two In 37 overs at the 
luncheon imervaL 

At Headingley. Wflf Slack 
carried his bat m making 105 
out of Middlesex’s total of 252 
against . .Yorkshire for whom 
Dennis took five for 71 and 
Fletcher, five for 90. Middlesex 
had chosen to bat and though 
Miller was soon gone. Slack and 
Brown made runs in a brisk 
begrning. By lunch. Brown and 
' Butcher had fallen to Fletcher in 
one inspired over and before - 
lunch. Carr too,- had offered a 
catch to Metcalfe at square leg 
off Dennis. Middlesex were then 
1 19 for four from 37 overs. 

GbuMsgan pocketed four 
points as they bowled out 
Lancasliirefbr-192m98.1 overs 
at LythaxP. Lancashire, who 
were without five regular play- 
era, batted firat but made a 
disappointing start, losing 
Chadwick, run out to n brilliant 
throw from cover point by 
Holmes, with the score 12, and 


BOWLING: Pridgeon 21.24-333: Now- 
port 26-3-74-5 ; McEwan 192-45-2: Ws»- 
lon 200464: Paul 12-331-0. 
WORCESTERSHIRE: Ftot kirdngo 

LK Smith c Parks OMaraM 2 

TS Curts notour . ..... . 5 

S N McEwan not out 7 

Extras (to 1; rb 1) - ~ ~ 2 

' TotsifTMtt.lDovsra) l« 

G A Hfefc. D B (TOMra. *P A Naaia, □ N 
PstoL M.J w aste s, ts J Rtodtts. P J 
Newport A P Pridgson to bat 
FALL OF WICKET: 1-4, 

Bonus paints: UmpoMra a. W u rowtor- 
«Wrt4. 

UmpiqMiltJKttdten and KJ Lyons. 

Yorics v Middlesex 

ATHEAOtNGLEY 
WDDLESEXr First things - 

WN Slack not out 105 

A J T M9ar c Baratow b Dennis 2 

K R Brawn c Starve Ftotthar 38 
ROSutcharcBairetowbftetehor — ,4 
J D Car r c Mairaifn b Dennis 38 

*CT Radley tov 1 j Denrts — -13 

tP R OovintonHwh Dennis ..i'2 

GD Rase tour b Dennis 6 

JF Sykes tow bFWcftor _15 

SP Hug hash FMehnr -4 

W W Daraaibnetcftor 2D 

6xirasqbArt>3I. ■ >-.^-^.7 

Total (83^ overs) L-JS 

FALL OF WCKETS-. 1-2. 262, 368. 4- 
. 11 1.5-145.8-147. 7-158, 8-184. 9-188. lb- 
252 ....... 

BOWLING: Dsrinis 2S-5-71-5; FWohsr 
286-6606: Shaw 14-438-0,'CarricK7-1- 
30-0; Swakwr 9-14-194L 

YOmcSHHE: Fksttohings 

MOMoxoncCan-bOanW :s 

A A MoicsBa not out ^ 38 

S N Harttsy not out 1—34 

Extras Pb 2. nb 2) —4 

Totat(1 v4n. 23 ovsrs) ; ^ 61 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-14, 

PE Robmson, J QLova. L Balrstovr, P 
Cwrick, I G Swallow, S D Fletctar. S J 

Denote, and C.Sr>aw to baL - -- — 
Borius potots Mdilssex a YorksWra 4.. : 
Umpires: J A JamasOn and R JuNan. . ' ■ 

Lancashire v Glam 

ATLYTHAM - 

- LANCASHIRE: First dinings 
K A Iteyas c Maynard b Barwick 
M R Ctadwlck ns> out _____ 
JAbratnim c Davies b Darrick 
N H Retatradwre Hopkins b Barwk* _ 8 




bttek«ja7 


J Bimmbn&c Hopktos 
W K Hogg c Dawes b Darick 

I Fottoy C Hopkins bOntong 
PJ Mafctoson not out _ 

B P f^torson b Derrick 

Extras(bato& wanb6) 

Total (98.1 owarib • ! 182 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-12. 2^7. 347. 4- 
1®. 5-185.6-189.7-190. 3-192. 9-19Z 10- 
192 _ 

BOWLING: HUcbv 23648-1 ;Banwk 28- 
6-60-2; Darrick 24.1-10-37-3. Onung 23- 
14^30-3: Nonha-0-741. • 

OLMttOROASfc FMM» 

TtM^cChadiriekbMaldrison 0. 

3 A Hnnfcfrw nea ms - . : - • ±a 
A L- Jmva not nut- - , , )3 

- Extras (lb 2) .___ ' . a 

Total 0 »ri«.12oror3)_„_ a 

Banwk D J Hkfcay lohat 

FALLGFVWCfCETM-0 

Bonis points: Lmcaghlre 1. Gtamoraan 4. 

Umpires: B J Meyar'arid R Ptemw. 

Northants v Notts 

AT NORTHAMPTON 
"OrnWGHMWWBE: RfKkwngs 
B C Broad Itw bfiQB. Cook . 92 

MNSwaabHamar . ... • • 29 

R JohnsoncG CoOkh Hamer 24 

*JDBPfihcVKUb Harper 3 

0 W Randan e Rfbteyb walker 5 


cruise to a ■ 
comfortable win 

- By Gordon AUm ■ 

Cliff Simpson mi David dl square 12*12. But Simpson 
Kilner, utiio- were members- of and Kitaff wok foe. tan four 
the OwKrt Lodge. Hartlepool. 

rink who won foe national fours 3. 2. 1 Sigmficaoty James h*| 
in 1981. won foe Gateway bad no opwfo w foe 20th 
Ea riifo Bowling Association cxowi to enve with an his four 
championship at Worthing bowls to xry lo salvage some, 
yesterday besting 'Brian Taylor fomft bn do result was 
W Guy Bfaice of County Arts, .forthcoming. 

Norwich 26-10. Kflncr. * pc^ce Moricy and Wright were soon 

inspector, had snofoer reason to 7.1 <fown agariul Thytor and 
celebrate as n was tns 4_nd and ga>t little sign of 

birthday yesterday. . reversing the lrend. The Nor- 

His steadiness atiad was an wich pair were too consistetiL 
integral part of the Owon Lodge unf foal is foe secret of success 
success rtory from focron of ^ the green. Moriey kepi 


determined p er fo r mer at au 
times and mudt respected in the 
north east where they know and 
breed great bowten- 

It was h shame the final was so 
onejddecL CM" the 19 ends 
played, Taylor and Blake won 
only seven, and five of those 
were in foe second half of foe 
game; after Sunpsoa and Kfiner 
had established a. 20-2 advan- 
tage. There was to be no coming 
bode from that situation. In foe 




inevitably, they were -wore 
down. . . • . ■ 

Tbe^ singles championship be- 
gins iir earnest this morning, 
which means an extra tingle of 
expectancy around Beach 
House Farit There are two 
former champions in the . field, 
Wynne Richards and Andy 
Thomson, and several of the 
obvious potential champions 
such as Tony ADcock, Cliff 


■ * •.TTVr- 




FOR THE RECORD 


ATHLETICS 


FOOTBALL 


AT BOURN aiOt/TH 
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Ngwe ll,, bow|e<i ty fflyr. « 
For the moment it affects only r re « 

hTbZ lunch at 99 for one from 37 
overs. Leicestershire's' position 
brightened at the start of the 
afternoon session, though, when 
Sj^SSd^ed a*lJfcSii£ Jobtoon, Birch ai^RandaDfidl 
Thi« 10 • Harper and walker while 

Noai^imSiremovalonby 

emtinu. tota iT, *! Derbyshire were grateful lo 

Wapg.ff'i. 

h “° t,,er ” ,ter - sjIiU 

• New Delhi — (Reuter) India's making 378 for nine against 
selectors voted unanimously Leicestershire at Queens Park, 
yesterday to retain Kapil Dev as Chesterfield. Having been tn- 
caplain oflhenaiionaisquad for vrted to baL Derbyshire lost 


made 25, front 37 oven. 

Derby shire ? Leics 

.' ATCHESTBffSLD ■ ' 
DER B YSW RE: Fret tarings , 1 

*K J Barnflti cWtabcasa b Taytor 1/ 

tB J M Matter c WM&kase b Agnaw . 22 
AWlcWMflcaaabT^yfcr — -58 


IH EEIEEgElEigl 

|Phonfe.Ot-g53 5376 for coupons! 


the home series against Austra- 
lia next month. A spokesman 


lor in the 


over. Agnew 


for the five selectors said Kapil, bowled wen and bad been 
aged 27. would lead India in foe unlucky not to have taken the 
series’ three Test and six one- wickets of Maher and HilL After 


day matches. 


a spate of dropped chances. 


A HScWMtfcwb Tefac — ; 58 

J E Morris efioon b T«kr — ; 62 

BRobtttscDBFratosb'Atpew 15 

GMMarrunoUt 30 

AEWsmerc&er^jrcsnbDaFfMas .St 

RJ fimy few bAgnaw 0 

M J*an-Jacques cBenJsrnto 

bDeFrakas- 2 

M A Hokfcjgnotout : 34 

OHMorttnaennotout— : 31 

Extra* (fe 14^w 5, nb 15) 34 

Total C9wW^ : 378 

Score 8(100 overs; 32& for 8. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-4. 365. 3-142. 4- 
16S, 5-195. 5-257, 7-270, 6-283, 9-332.' 
t jB fnwtora Wra i M C Ba l de ra tona. ft. A 
Cobte L Potter. JJ WNtaher.T j Boon. P 
Bowter, PAJDeFrattas.-fPVWtbcaaa.W 
KRB*f^ftiin,JP Agnew and LB Taytor. 
Bonus poims: Dtefay shlra 4. Latctstar- 
9btra3. 

Umpires: A A Jones and JB& fc anal aw. 


D W RandaR e Rgtteyb walker $ 

few Scott few b fterper 40 

CFrasflr-artpgbWakar^ 6i 

K P Ev%is c BaSeyt) Maflondar i 

E E Hemftwigsrwt out 10. 

KSaxafey notfluT . 0 

BttJWfb Afe 6. w 1^i*8) — 19 

TOtaitBwkSS) 

Score at 100 overt 248for7._ 
j AAHorttoboL • 

FALLCy WtGKFTS: 1 -77. 2-1 06, it 26,4- 
1 3T. S-178, vzst, 7-284, 8^84. 

Bows poms: Northants 3,:Nons 2. ' 
Norttemptonaliire: tGCook, W LarktnsJR 
J BoytSMoss, R. J Bwtey. D J CapeL 0 J 

Umpires: JH Hampshire and R A Whlta, 

Worry for Holmes 

■ Southampton's long-serving 
captain. Nick Holmes. lStgScca 
specialist in an anempLto cure.a 
groin injury which -may prevent 
him starting 'foe new . season 
against Queen's Faric Rangers at 
foe. Dell on Saturday. Holmes 
was able to appear in only part 
of his testimonial match .'last' 
week againsi-Benfica and is stiff 
iroubledbyihe problem, 


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fij)0 Ceefax AM 
&5Q Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough and Debbie 

Greenwood. Weather at . 

635.7.25, 7*55, 82S and 
A55;eegkx»TrwW*,. 
weather end traffic at 637, 
727, 737 and 027; 

. national and international 
.■demat74n.7JQ.UI0. 
.JJOand&OO; sport at 
; 7.2) and 820; and a 
' review of tha.momlng; 

newspaperrat QJ7. Hus. 

• Dr Richard Smith’sjihane- 
- Inmedfcal advice. Stave 
Btadcnetrs Summertime 

Special at 8.04. 

BJO SS^Do-Wflht Cartoon 
' series, set Ur to 1920s. 

■ atooutarehictantMountie. 
&2S Record Breakers 


TV-AM 




Flora Kennedy and Ju&sn 

Fadno.(r) 

950 Newsround Special 
Delivery, presented by 
. John Craven, on tour fn 
- south west England. 

935 ThaAdverttureaof 

Bidhvintde end Rocky. - 
Parts, (i) 1030 Hartbeat 

Anewapproacfitoart. ; ; 


ITV, ■LONDON 

£S gg3 g 





- * Manufacturers of hair 
beauty products wiH nottake 
kjncBy to BODYMATTERS 
(BBCf, 8-OOpm). rts theme, 
summed unto a rhyming 
song triHed at the pianp py Kate 
Robbins, is "ft's better left to 
nsycher- then your hair wont 
haycher Mn a word, shun 
TO shampoo, desist from dyeing, 
and stop the snipping. And in 
TO unweiy event of your 
adopting the 400 BC method 
of preventing hair loss by using a 
poultice of pigeon droppings, 
crushed horseradish and 
beetroot, you should know 
thet it is no mors efficacious than 
TO lltfi century remedy of 

^the^iject matter 
Bo dy ma lt m that wifl most rfle 


CHOICE 


is In its best-ever condition 
because she has not washed it 
for two months: no dandruff, 
no skin itch and - once she had 
passed TO half-way stage at 
which sha was told there was an 
odour of sheep coming from 
har-no small. 

• My photograph shows that 
wes ts have some way to go - 


planning catches up with the 
drawing-board fantasy that 
takes up much of Shelia 

Hayman’s Equinox 


(annual turnover: £1 200 mHflon) 
» TO testimony of TO young 
woman who boasts that her nair 


complex of glass and metal, 
escalators and walkways, that is 
practically a duplication of the 

visionaries' set design for the 


1938 movie Thing* to Com^ 
mere is. in The Orfy, a chilling 
concentration on the strictly 
functional -the elimination of 
traffic jams; the "mirada” 
kitchen in which there is even a 
floor deaner that moves 
about without supervision and 
returns to its cubby hole 
when it has completed its task. In 
the designers' blusprmts for 
tomorrow, there is no mention of 
libraries, or concert halls, or 

cor^ffiS^toSSicrfNew 

York's Rockefeller Center), a 
poetry shop. 

• Radio choice: Anna- 
Sophie Mutter playing Dvorak’s 
Viofin Concerto in Knott's 

Prom (Radio 3. 7.30pm), and the 
Bournemouth SO in the 

Sibe&us No 2 (Radio 3. i .05pm). 

Peter Davalle 




University 


' Writand Cofln Bennett (rt 
.1025 The Adventures rtf 
HuBwWrtend Rocky. 

■ ParWptOJOWay 

1030 Cricket: TMrd Test 

England vNew Zealand. 

Peter West introduces the 
first day’s play from The 
. Oval.. 

135 News After Mean with 
Moira Stuart Includes 
news tieadfines with 
- subtitles 1.20 Regional 
news. weather. T 25 Mop 
and Smfff written and 
presented by Mike- Amatt 


• Meanings of Madness (1). 

Ends *17.20. 930 Ceefax. 

42 * Cricket Third Teet 

- England v New Zealand. 
Play from 7be Oval is 
Introduced by Peter West 
6.10 MissJoa Impos sible. Jim 
Phelps and histe-m 
engage ina battle of 
' brans with an kigeribus 
enemy who Is sent to 
check secrets planted by 
. the Americans, (r) 

730 FBm: Sleek Widow (1954) 

Van Heflin. QenaTleme-y 
and George Raft A thriller 

• about a Broadway 
producer suspected of 


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1.40 Cricket Third Test 
. Further coverage of the 
first day's play between 
7^; En^andandww 

Zealand, (continues on - 
BBC2)43B Regional 
nr:?* 1 Maws. . 

^ 430 Waft TV Your Father Gets 

s, /'' Home. AEce'8 parents 
UJ - • • decide to throw a no- - 

expenses-roared party for 
' her 18th birthday, but ABce 
fas other ideas. 430 
HeidLHek&is 

^ disappointed when Dr 
-:*;.v Kte8srniKrives alone and 
”• lusher that Klara Is not - 

strong enough to travel 
.«* __ ■ from Frankfurt (r) 5.10 . 

. ^ . Feme. More dramas' 

; ' Involving students and 

-*[ v - -staff at a New York drama 

schod.fr) - 

"i 630 News witn Nicholas- ■ 

-- Witchel and Frances : . 
Covardaie. Weather. 

•,4- 535 London Plus. 

730 Top of the Pops - 
... Introduced by Gary Davies 
and Bruno Brookes. 

730 EastEnders. MkTOUe and 
.7 - . : Sharon receive their 

examination results, and 

- Den strikes sbfrgate with 
' tils daughter, Hairy makes 

JtupwtffrWkjkiy:and- - 
? Arthur talks to Michefle - 
; about her wedcflng . .. 

“ arrangements: (Ceefax) ’ 

i .A30 Bodymaftera. O- Graeme 
• - ■. Garden, Dr Alan Maryon 

: T = Davis and Dr Gillian Rice., 
•br* - --^examine TO subject of r - 
. human hair, with TO help 
r -7’; of guetea Shari. Vahland 
•' • NoemTYamaMkiaridan^ 

■ audience of volunteers. 

W 130 

>7^ not pteasedto heantbat^ 

jS r t * 

remarryaixMftemptsto- ■ 
-«f - dssuadeWm by enlisting 
help from Sharon’s .. 

’’ yoonger brother Bvls. (r) 

“p. 9-OO News with JuSa .Sofhervffle 
and NJchotas WrtdieB. . 

, • • ■ Regional newsanrfr - 
• .weather- 1 ., 

- .r, 530 The Mystic Warrior. The .? 
As 1 sebondandflnalpartof ’ 
the epic about the Red '• 

~ - Indians fbBows'Ahbtoaa ‘ 

. into manhood, when he • 

marries and receives his 
: tribe’s highest honour lor 

.S,s bravery to fighting TO 

t. r - • Mahto s enemies. With it 

.- comes respdnstoffity and 
> heis compelled to choose 

»■ between stren gt h end 
■- l cunning to order to fuHU 

■ his destiny as the saviour 
of Ms people. (Ceefax). 

' 1135 Rhode. Joe and Rhoda 
attempt to celebrate their 

- first wedding annivorsary. 

, ■’ 1130 Weather. 


murdering a womm found 
• hanging from a cftande&er 
- _ to hft apartment Directed 

Mi «&° n - 

Remembered. The third 


Remembered. The third 
and find programme to 
which the We Lord 



1950s end 1960s. Tonight 
he suras up Ms views of 
- the 20th century, (ri 
930 TheTrevM Show 

presented by Paul Hdney. 
Kathy Rochrord visits 
SaJou on Spain's Costa 
Dorada; TO British hoflday 
Is at Loughborough, where 
Leicester UrwerSty runs a 
special programme of 
. family activity holidays, 
with achoica of courses. 
Plus information about late 
. avaflaMttyhofidaysand 
. .. .weather news. 

930 M oon O tfd to g. Cybfll 

Shepherd arxl Bruce WilBs 
. afar as MadMa and David 
. whofqtbalrdraamsare 
tran spor ted back to the ■ 

- T940a-andtytos<tive« 

' scandalous murder 
. involvtnga singer at TO 
famous Flamingo Cove 
'. nightclub. 

020 Narty Goes to Edtob u rgh. 

. Russell Harte gives his 


CHANNEL 4 


2.15 Channel 4 Radng from 
York. Brough Scott 
Introduces coverage of TO 
Moorestyle Conwial 
. Maiden States (230): the 
..Wiliam HW Sprint 
.. Championship (3.10); the 
Bradford and Btogley 
Handicap (3.45): and the 
Lowther States (4.1 5) 

430 Dancin' Days. Aursa 
. ■ discovers the truth about 
her father, Alberico’s, new 

535 ££re Boy Meets Qkt* 
(1936) starrlPto James 
Cagney and Pat O'Brien. A 
comedy about two 
eccentric screenwriters 
who take revenge on a 
pompous cowboy star by 
. writing into Ws new pjctiss 
- a pvtlor a frimd's soon- 
to-be bom chkd. Directed 
by Lloyd Bacon. 

7.00 (mannal 4 News with 
■ Trevor McDonald and 
Nicholas Owen. . 

730 Comment. With her views 
on a topical subjectfs the 
Reverend Ruth Page, from 
Scotland. Weather. 

930 Equinox: A Short Hfartory 
ol the Future. The first of 
two tSms which show 
through interviews and 
rare archive film TO 
Influence which writers, 
scientists and film-makers 
had on the future by TO 





1030 News; The Good Book. 
Brian Redhead continues 
hia explo ra tion of TO BMe 
M 

1030 Morning Story: The 
Connection by MBdrad 
Sprag. Reader: John Hewitt 
1045 An Act of Wontoto (*) 

1130 News; Travel; Up and 
Away. Akin Lewis 

(focusses TO technical 
(teams and economic 
realities for passenger 
aircraft in TO 2t at 
century (r) 

1139 Time for verse. From 
Belfast With Paul 
Muidoon 

1230 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice with 
John Howard 
1237 Trivia Test Match. 

General knowledge 
game based on cricket wttt 
captains Tim Rice end 
wfileRushton «(»). 1235 
Weather 

130 The WoridatOnerNews 
1-40 The Archers. 135 

ot-t 

ornppng 

230 -News; Woman’s Hour. . 
todudes an interview 
with crime writer P D James 
330 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Simple Pleasures 
by Jane Gsrson. Wfth Belne 
oaxton, Jonathan Taller 
end Stuart Organ (s) 

430 News 

436 A Good Read. A Choice 


and Anthony Smith 
435 K al eidoscope Oast 
right's ednon, revised) 

530 PM. News magazine. 

530 Shipping. 535 
Weather 

630 News-.FtoandtJRaport 
630 Brain of Bream 1986. 
Generel knowiadge 
contest Sami-flna! (3). North, 
Setxtand, and Wales (r) 

7.00 News 
735 TheAiChers 
720 1888. Stanley WBEamson 
(focotfers how provincial 

papers rafiacted the lives of 
the people ot Duplin 100 
years ago 

730 Counting TO Spoils. 

Susan Matting on the 
economic, soda! and 
en viro n ment a l impacts of 
tourism. 

930 Does He Tate Sugar? 

For disabled listeners 
and the* terrifies 
930 The Spaciafist by Charles 
Sale. Read by 
Christopher Godwin 
B.4S ffrieliintmpe 

10.15 AEtooktofodtimetAB 
the Brava Promises (9). 
Reeder Helen Horton. 

10L29 Weather 

1030 The World Tonight 

11.15 TheKnanciaHAferid 
Toright 

1130 HotAr... Bafioorist 
AnTOny Smith takas 
archaeologist Peter FQwler 
lor a TO over TO Cheviot 
Hills(r) 

1230 News; Weather. 1233 

VHF (a^SEto^n England and S 

Wales onM aa above exoept 535- 

630am Mnather; TTavaL 

230pm Uttering Comer fe). 5-50- 

535 PM (continued) 1130- 


(Sonate a quattro No 2: 
Accardo. Gazsau, Meuriar 
and PetraccW), Faure 
(Cinq melodies de Vends, 
with Ameling, soprano), 
Refill (Metamorphoseon). 

935 This Week’s Composer: 
Franck. La processor-. 
LaPlante.baritone. Jsnlns 
Lachance, piano), and 
Psyche 

1030 Schubert pano music: 

Ian Lake plays works 
tnriudmgTwo SetwraL 
D583, and Moments muncaux, 

D 780. Nos 12. and 3 
1045 Test Match: Third Test, 
England v New Zealand. 
Coverage continues on 
medium wave until 630 
On VHF only: - 

1035 Sr Comments: foreign 
radiobroadcasts, 
monitored by the BBC 
11.05 Brash Youth Orchestras: 
Hertfordshire County 
Youth Wind Band (under 
Geoffrey Brand). Jacob 
(Suite in B flat). Chance 
{Segy),Wbolfenden( 

Galtroaufry). DeUo Joto 

(Variants on a medieval 
tune) 

1135 Pied Piper: TO late David 
Munmw(r) 

12.15 Bownenwuth SO (under 
Teroritanov). with Dmitri 
Alexeev (piano). Janaoek 
(LacMan Dances). 
Rachmaninov (Rhapsody on 

theme by PagarinL 130 
News 

135 Concert (comd): Sibelius 
(Symphony No 2) 

135 Tno Krosta: Mozart 
(Adagio and Rondo in C 
minor. K 617). Frank Martin 
[Ballade), Pescull! 

(L’AtoO. Paul Andrew 
Parkinson (Transit 1) 

2-W Schoenberg: Berth PO 


(under Kanqan). 

venations for orchestra. Op 

335 L'Htoflr Chabriefs 
comic ramra In three- 
acts. Sung In French. Chorus 
and Orchestra of Opera 
de Lyon (under John Blot 


Stem Callow. Mike 
Gwrfym and Michael Hordern 

to Peter Barnes’s The 
Heirs of Diogenes 
935 Alexander Baiihe. cello 
recital. Brian Elias (Of 
ElutropiaLandJustin 

Connolly ( Tesserae C) 

11.15 Tchaikovsky Medio 
String Quartet with 

Roger Chase (vtcria). 
Christopher van Kampen 
(cello). Souvenir de Florence 
1137 News. 1230 
Closedown. 


Mi 


On medium wave. Stereo on 
VHF. 

News on TO hour. Sports 
Desks 135pm. 232, 332. 432, 
5.05, 632, 635 (mf only), 9.55. 
Cricket Scoreboard 730pm- 
430am Cotin Beny 530 Ray 
Moora 730 Noel Dempstar 9.30 
Kan Bruce 1130 Jimmy Young 
(net food information from Tony Oa 
Angeli 135pm Gerald Harper 
206 An rate Rea inci flacmq from 
York 0.10 £75.000 William Hrii 

Sprint Championship) 330 David 

Hamilton £35 John Bunn 7.00 
WaHy Whyton introduces Country 
Ckib tfeaturinoTammy 
wynene) 200 Rhythm and Blues 
(Paul Jones) 935 Spcm Desk 

10.00 Huddwmks starring Roy 
Hudd 1030 Star Sound Cinema 
ind an interview with director 
Arthur Ptnn 11.00 Round 
MidMght from Edm&urgh 130am 
Nlghtride 200-430 A Lottie 
Night NkiSiC. 


Radio 1 


On medium wave. Stereo on 
VHF (see below). 

530am Adrian John 7.00 Simon 
Mayo 930 Simon Bates 11.00 
Radio 1 Roadshow, with Peter 
Powell, from Plymouth 1230 
Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 

12.45 Gary Davns 3.00 Stave 
Wright 530 Newsbeat iFrank 
Partndge) 5-45 Bruno Brooks 730 
Janice Icing 9.00 Radio Radio. 

(3) Kenny Everett 1 a 00- 1230 Andy 
kerehaw. VHF Starao Radios 1 
A 2:- 4.00am AaRatee 2 10.00pm 
At Radio 1.1230-4 30a m As 
Radio 2. 




way they Imaraned it would 
be. Tonlghfawm shows 
. how cities were Imagined. 

.. . (See Choice) 

930 Oardenere' Celoodar :. 

RodcMtotv.-TOs moriOl" ’ 

. exports from TO Royal ' 

- Horticulturaf Society visit 
Aberystwthln Walesto ’ 

advice and 

denxmstratioos to people 
• Intheir gardens and 
• greenhousae. 

930 Under Ctqrtfcom. 

" Concfucfing romantic 
drama set in colonial New 

- South Wales, starring Lisa 
. Harrow and Peter 

Couseris. 

1135 FtelandThW.A 
discussion programme 
. which' examines TO 
issues retised fry TO 
. Gommadttesserieson 
rTOav night, which 
traced TO history of 
products such as tea, 
i coffee and sugac. Taking 


rart are Bob I 
Editor of Inve 


Editor of Investors 
Bulletin; Lord Lever, 
former Labour minister: 
Arises Mohammed, of TO 
IMF; Xavier Gorostiaga, 
from TO Institute of 
Nicaragua; and Gamlnf 
Corea, formar head of TO 
United Nations Committee 
tor Trade and 
Development Ends at 
1230. 


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THURSDAY AUGUST 21 1986 


Attack is the key 


if England are 
to turn the tide 


By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 


England go into the third 
and last Test match against 
New Zealand at the Oval 
today, sponsored by Comhill. 

' needing to win it to level the 
series and with three major 
' obstacles to overcome — their 
own lack of conviction, an' 
. unpromising weather forecast 
and the bowling of Richard 
: Hadlee. A well-earned victory 
- would come as a great relief, if 
; not quite as imperishable a 
one as if the Ashes were at 
stake. 

■ For once England have had 
' no defections from among the 
12 players named last Sunday. 
They practised quite diligently 
yesterday. Botham with a new 
luminescent rinse for the occa- 
sion. I find it hand to believe 
that they have sent for such a 
senior cricketer as Willey if 
they are going to leave him out 
again, but there is talk of it 
Doing without Emburey or 
Edmonds seems the likeliest 
alternative. 

New Zealand will be weak- 
ened by the absence of their 
regular wicketkeeper. Smith, 
who is injured, but strength- 
ened by the reappearance of 
Chaifield, Hadlee's erstwhile 
bowling partner, who suffered 
a broken thumb in the Erst of 
the one-day internationals. 
They have won six of their last 
IS Test matches and lost three 
(two of them in the West 
Indies). England have won 
.Eve of their last 33 and lost 
eight of their last ten. Things 
really are pretty desperate for 
England- 

West Indies beat them last 
winter for every conceivable 
reason. India won in England 
earlier this summer because 


they did the basic things, such 
as bowling a length and line 
and concentrating while bat- 
ting. more professionally. If 
New Zealand are ahead after 
two Test matches primarily 
because of Hadlee, England's 
continuing inability to disci- 
pline their game has also had a 
lot to do with it. 

Although Botham's return 
could provide the inspiration 
England need, discipline is 
something he is unlikely to 
bring. In this respect, DiUey 
has an important part to play 
by not allowing himself to be 
frequently hooked and cut 
with the new bail. Ellison's 
loss of form this season has 


brought a costly decline in the 
accuracy of England's 


bowling. 


ENGLAND (from): G A Gooch 
(Essex). CWJ Athey (Glows), D I 
Gower (Le»cs), M W Getting (Middx, 


Gower (Leics), M W Getting (Middx, 
capt ). A J Lamb (Northants), I T 
Botham (Somerset), P Wffley 
(Leics), J E Emburey (Middx), P H 
Edmonds (Middx). B N French 


(Notte^GR DiUey (Kent), G C Small 


NEW ZEALAND (from): J G Wright, 
BA Edgar, JJ Crowe, MD Crowe, J 
V Coney. EJ Gray. R J Hadlee, J G 


Bracewefl A Blain, D A Stirling, E J 
Chaifield. K R Rutherford, W 
Watson. 


This will be Gatting's fifth 
Test as captain and he has had 
a difficult time, made worse 
against New Zealand by the 
fact that Hadlee has had the 
measure of him. Although 
Botham's return may make it 
no easier for him to do so, 
Gatling has got to take charge 
here, to look for every 
opportunity to attack (which 
does not necessarily mean 


dispensing with a third man), 
to keep the game moving, 
both in his own and the 
spectators' interests, and to 
make his own decisions. 

Having gone to pieces in 
West Indies, England's aiti-. 
tude has yet to come right 
again. One way for this to 
happen could be to be finished 
with captaincy by committee 
and for Gaping to follow his 
Qwn instincts. If Edmonds 
needs to ask for four field 
changes in an over, a Test 
match is not where he should 
be doing iL To be constantly 
Eddling with the field, as 
England did on the Satuiday 
at Trent Bridge, is bad crickeL 
They make a fresh start this 
morning and have the advan- 
tage of doing so in the heart of 
London on a ground where the 
tide has turned in their favour 
on some famous occasions in 
the past. There is much for 
both sides to play for in what 
will be England's Uth Test 
match of 1986. The 12th will 
be in Brisbane in 12 weeks' 
time. 

One's old bones feel full of 
hope. The selectors have pro- 
duced a very experienced side 
and Harry Brind. the 
groundsman, a good, firm 
pitch. There are plenty of 
tickets available for today, at 
£8 each, though knowing what 
it is like trying to find an open 
turnstile at the Oval (it must 
have been easier getting out of 
Coldiiz) it would be as well to 
arrive early. Tomorrow is 
already a sell-out (it is an all- 
ticket match) and Saturday 
nearly is. The capacity of the 
ground is now 17,000, includ- 
ing members. 


GOLF 


Bonus of £65,000 at stake for 
Torrance In Scottish Open 


Sam Torrance is well aware 
that the opportunity of play- 
ing for a £65,000 bonus could 
evaporate unless he recovers 
his form in the Bell's Scottish 
Open, which starts on the 
Haggs Castle course in Glas- 
gow today. 

The winning team in the 
Dunhill Cup, to be played at 
St Andrews next month, will 
share around £200,000 but 
Torrance is in jeopardy of 
losing his place in the Scottish 
side. 

A controversy over the 
selection of certain individ- 
uals for the inaugural Dunhill 
Cup last year led to the 
organizers changing the selec- 
tion system for the Home 
Countries so that the leading 
two players in the Epson 
Order of Merit automatically 
qualify with only one player 
being chosen. 

The teams will be decided 
following the German Open in 
Dusseldorf next week and 


By Mitchell Platts 
Torrance, currently in third 
place, knows that Sandy Lyle, 
who is fourth, is likely to be 
chosen if the positions remain 
unaltered 

Lyle insists that he has 
heard of no concrete plans 
regarding the Scottish team 
but he significantly stressed 
that he would be extremely 
surprised if he did not gain a 
place. Torrance, also signifi- 
cantly, has changed his sched- 
ule so that he will now play in 
West Germany following his 
failure to survive the half way 
cut in the Benson & Hedges 


The matter, of course, could 
be settled this week. Gordon 
Brand Jim would appear to be 
assured of a place while 
Torrance could pass Brian 
March bank, who is only £28 
ahead of him. Lyle, too, could 
win the first prize of £21,660 
and the selectors might even- 
tually be compelled to choose 
between Manchbank and Tor- 


tt/A-I , u 

tr-rrr.y . 1 VA <^- 


ranee. Not one of the four 
Scottish players involved has 
won in Europe this season. 

There is an equally delicate 
situation regarding the En- 
gland team. Howard Clark 
and Gordon J Brand are 
virtually home and dry leav- 
ing Nick Faldo and Mark 
James, separated by little 
more than £4,500, to compete ■ 
for the other place. Faldo, who 
has not won this season, is not 
playing this week whereas 
James, who won the Benson & 
Hedges International Open, 
insists that he will not change 
his plans to play in Germany. 

The intriguing aspect is that 
the International Manage- 
ment G roup, organizers of the 
Dunhill Cup, look after the 
affairs of Torrance and Lyle as 
they do for Faldo and James. 
So the change in the selection 
procedure has certainly pro- 
vided the selection panel with 
an unenviable task. 

Ronan Rafferty seems cer- 
tain to be in the Irish team but 
Des Smyth could still be 
pressurized by either David 
Feherty or Christy O’Connor 


jnr for the other place. David 
Llewellyn, who played for 




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The financial formula to aim for is heads I win. 
tails I win. And these two free booklets from Allied 
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Llewellyn, who played for 
Wales last year, would have to 
win either this week or next to 
overhaul Mark Mouland and 
Philip Parkin for a place 
alongside Ian Woosnam, . - 

Meanwhile, Clark has 
elected to (day this week rather 
than in the World Series of 
Golf in the United States. In 
one respect he is the defending 
champion, as he won the 
Glasgow Open on this course 
12 months ago, but the arrival 
of Bell's as sponsors coincided 
with the revival of the Scottish 
Open which was last played in 
1972 when the Australian 
Graham Marsh won. 

Clark said: “Quite honestly, 
1 am defending a tournament 
that doesn't exist any more. 
But there is more prestige with 
the new name and I-gave up 
the chance of playing in the 
World Series because I believe 
that there is a tremendous 
future for the Scottish Open. I 
do not believe that there is 
much chance of catching 
Severiano Ballesteros in the 
Order of Merit- 


THE 


TIMES 


First pub lished in 1785 


t a 




SPORT 



warm 


wm ^ 



to 


stance 


By George Ace 


The Irish have always beta 
aware of the dffikeWes facet 
by the respective anions hi 
New Zealand and Australia. 
And they have long baitawred 
reservations regarding their 
ability to withstand the pres- 
sures of maintaining the game 
within the a ma teur friBWwrk 




defined by the tows bid down 
by tire mtarnationaf- Rugby 
Board. 

The treatment meted oat by 
the NZRFU to those who 
participated in the Soath Af- 
rican tonr, together -with the 
fact that the man who ana- 
aged tire “rebels’* still retabs 
his position as n New Zealand 
selector, lends w to tn e t to 
these reservations. 


Food for thought: Micky Stewart and Peter May, two leaders of English cricket, in a serious mood while Jan Botium(rigfct) 
is all smiles following his return to the England Test team (Photographs: Snresh Karadia) . . 


FOOTBALL 


CYCLING 


FA make Robson an offer 


he is unlikely to refuse 


Bobby Robson has been 
invited to stay on as England 
manager imtfi «ftw the 1990 
World Cup finals and it is 
almost certain that he w31 
accept 

Ted Craker, secretary of the 
Football Association, issued a 
.short statement after 
yesterday's meeting of the 

InlMi Mirtnnal f y m i mi Wag. Pm- 

ker said: “The International 
Committee discussed die fu- 
ture of Bobby Robson, whose 
contract expires shortly, and 
readied agreement in prin- 
ciple for Mr Robson to con- 
tinue as England team 

manag er and natinaal coach 

until 1991. Negotiations are 
continumg." 

Robson, who had 12 months 
of his existing contract to ran, 
met Bert MTllichip, chairman 
of tiie FA, and tire Inter- 
national Committee ebainnau, 
Dick Wragg, on Monday to try 
to make final the details of his 
new contract Wragg said after 
foe World Cup finals in Mex- 
ico that the FA were delighted 


with Robson's performance 
and that they wanted him to 
canyon in foe job. 

That remark also applied to 
Robson’s chief coach, Don 
Howe, foe toner Arsenal 
manager, who seems certain to 
stay on in a part-time capacity. 
After a disastrous rtait to ihefr 
World Cop campaign, En- 
gland perfonned with credit to 
reach tire quarto-finals before 
losing — controversially — to 
Argentina, the eventual 
winners. 

Robson's record of 11 de- 
feats in 49 matches stands the 
closest inspection. While there 
have been calls for Terry 
Venables, the Barcdona man- 
ager, to be given bis A—m, 
foe FA clearly believe that 
England'S future is in safe 
hands- With foe experience of 
one World Cop behind him, 
Robson win he better equipped 
for the 1990 finals in Italy. 

For the moment though, his 
main target is the European 
Championships in West Ger- 
many in 1988. England start 


their baOd-up to tire qualifying 
programme in Sireden on 
September 10. Before depart- 


ing for Mexico, Robson said: 
“Win. lose or draw, 1 want to 


Dominant 
French 
gear up for 
Colorado 


“Win, lose or draw, 1 want to 
canyon. I enjoy the job and I 
don't want tire 1986 finals to 
be the end of it for me.** * 

Robson, aged 53, was at 
Upton Park to present foe 
West Ham forward, .Tony 
Cottee with his Flat Uno 
Young Player of foe Year 
award for 1966. Presumably, 
aB that remains is foe resolu- 
tion of tire financial details of 
foe contract 

Robson said that he expects 
to accept foe new contract 
“On top of foe one year I have 
left now, foe new contract wfll 
take as np to 1991 and foe next 
World Cep," he said. am 
now consdoring tire offer, but 
anticipate deciding to accept ia 
the next few days. I wifi be 
having a farther talk with the 
FA Chatman, Bert MBfichip, 
hat in principle I expect to 
accept foe after.” 

More football, page 28 


Fhnn John Wficocksoa 
Estes Paric, Colorado 


Cottee ready for new challenge 


Tony Cottee, the West Ham 
United forward, yesterday re- 
ceived foe Flat Uno yornig 
player of foe year award for 
1985-86 from the England, 
manager, Bobby RobsoH. 
Cottee achieved a career-best 
total of 26 League and enp 
goals last season bot he admit- 
ted that he expects to find life 
tougher over the next nine 


Cottee said: “Defences will 
be looking for Frank 
McAvennie and myself even 
more after foe goals we got last 
season. In several games late 
in foe season we toed teams 
who switched to using a 


sweeper and 1 suspect a lntwiil 
try foe same tactics again. But 
it is op to ns to keep hanging 
the goals in.” 

Now three weeks too old fin* 
England under-21 selection, 
Cottee revealed that be has 
again set hhnsdf a target of 25 
League goals. “I had the same 
target last season and felt 1 
should have reached iL But I 
did not shoot enough, nor 
make my own chances like 
Maradona does. If I can 
develop that part of my game 
more I should get an extra five 
goals a season.” 

Cottee is foe first London 
player to gain the award, 


whose prevtooa winners o- 
dude lan Rush, Marie Hughes 
and Mark Wright*, and. fie to 
hoping he -can follow that 

Ohistrions group into foe inter- 


He said: T ins not dis- 
appointed over not going to 
Mexico with Essgbuid because 

1 never really expected to. Pm 
still learning the game and I 
think there is a lot ' more 
potential in me. 


“I hope to reach my peak at 
around the age of.24, when 1 
will have added tire experience 
necessary for. a player’s all- 
round development,” he said. 


SPORT IN BRIEF 


End for 


Fulham 


Fulham have lost their bat- 
tle for Rugby League survival 
after foiling to find a sponsor 
to wipe out their debts of 
£70,000. 

Paul Eaires, a director, said: 
“We have been saved twice 
before, but this time there will 
be no rescue act It would be 
unfair to start the season and 
then withdraw halfway be- 
cause of cash problems, al- 
though we are still looking' for 
a sponsor to perhaps rejoin the 
league next season.” Davis 
Howes, a league spokesman, 
said after a management 
committee meeting in Leeds 
yesterday that they would 


make no plans until they had 
officially received Fulham’s 



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For your free “Arranging Your Affoirs’* booklets 
just complete the details below and post to: Sonia 
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Swindon SN1 1XZ. (No stamp needed.) 


Dunhill Cup 
contenders 


officially received Fulham's 
decision, although the dub 
were due to play Rochdale in 
10 days’ time. 


Beyer mark 



now plans to attack his 400m 
hurdles world mark of 
47.02$ec in Lausanne next 
month. “TO go below 47sec,” 
Moses said after recording his 
117th victory to beat the 
American shot! putter’s mark 
set between 1952-56. “is- -my 
target for the season. It wiD.be 
very hard to beat.” 


Dream debut 


i Or phone her on 0800 010500 and quote 
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FREEPOST. Swindon SXl IXZ. 


£96,671 

78^66 

56.501 

52.174 

44.778 


Ireland 

R Rafferty 

D Smyth 

DFerierty 

C O'Connor jnr. 

E Darcy 

J O'Leary — l 

Scotland 


£57,096 

42,773 

34.596 

33260 

19,738 

19513 


Udo Beyer set a world shot 
putt record of 22.64m in East 
Berlin yesterday to break the 
record of Ulf Tunmermann, 
his East German countryman, 
by 2cm and establish himself 
as favourite for the European 
championship in Stuttgart 
next week. 


Moses: dependable 

Johnson leads 


Darren Dyer, Britain's most, 
explosive amateur boxer, has 
turned professional with 
Mickey Duff on a three-year 
contract . believed r: fo be 
£30,000, and the matchmaker 
yesterday announced plans far 
the Commonwealth Games 

weherwrighr. champion tb 

make his professional debut 
on foe Uoyd Honeygban-Den 
Curry wand welterweight title 
bill in. Atlantic Qty next 
month. While Duff seeks an 
opponent for Dyer, be plans 
for the Islington ; youngster, 
aged 20, 'to train .' with 
Honeyghan and : Cornelius 
Bote-Edwards, who fights for. 
the WBC lightweight tide 
against Hector Camacho. 


While Bernard Hinault was 
defending Jus leadership of foe 
Coors International Classic in 
a 57-mfie. circuit race at this 
picturesque Rocky Mountains 
resort yesterday, his great 
French rival. Lament Ftgnon, 
was 150 miles away at Crested 
Butte, Colorado, riding the 
first stage of the five-day 
Munringwear Classic * 

The two French stars are 
competing in foe United 
States because of the necessity . 
to acclimatize to the altitude 
and American lifestyle before 
the highly important world 
championships road race, 
which takes place in 16 days' 
time at Cotondo Springs, 
7,000 fee i above sea level. 
Hinault said: “The best form 
of training is raring. Thafs 
why weare here" . 

Also competing: m the 
Munsingwear race is.the 1984 
Olympic road race champion, 
Afcri Grewai, of America, 
who was» esriu d ert for diaa- 
pHnary reasons from, his 7- 
Eteven team for - the Goon 
Classic. Grewal, aged 25, who 
lives in neartty Aspen, is 
hoping that a good perfor- 
mance will Stm gai" him his 
selection for the' world 
championships. There are 'still 
two places open on the United 
Stales team, but the selection 
derision rests with the Tour de 
France winner; Greg LeMond, 
who .'is the designated tt* arn 
leader., 

• “I .don’t know whether I 
want another rider from the 7- 
Eleven team at the world 7 *,” 
LeMond. said; ..stating that 
Dou^Sha^ro, Ron KieteJ and 
BavtsPhumcr.havcabeady 
Tvon their selections. LeMond 
added that he was against the 
concept of. national squads in 
the world ~ championships 
when every other race in foe- 
year was contested by spon- 
sored teams. 

' Hinault arid Fignon are 
both ' riding for their usual 
trade trams at the moment, 
but- they mil come together 
next week to train with each 
other and the rest of the 
French team selections. 


The hardening of attftndes 
in Scotland against participa- 
tion in the tournament will not 
be last on foe Irish. The mh 
reasons foe 0RFU has bear 
treading water, so to speak, is 
lack of concrete evidence from 
any of foe other home cons- 
trict on foe nunfficatioos of 
participating in the tfodd cop 
arid die feility of attempting 
to boycott It alone. 

The possibility of fimfing an 
■By in foe Scots is an aveane 
that wifi almost certainly be 
explored. If foe two nmons can 
discover common ground for 
viewing wfth concern what foe 
consequent of participation 
night be for rugby radon in the 
northern kaaplWR) • their 
vfe* s weald then merit coosid- 
antioit by theft Engfish and 
Welsh counterparts. 


The IHFU is not averse to 
change, hut what they are 
seeking ** * tighter control by 
foe International Board in 
maliitafaring foe spirit and 
principles upon which foe 
mnkw was founded. Change « 
mevkawe but as Sid Millar, 
the manager of Ireland's world 
cup squad, and one of the 
country's most experienced 
legislators, pvt it “Why 
sJmuUwe change foe strnctae 
of our game that is played by 
thousands and enjoyed by 
thousands to htifitite souk 
ZOO top players in a world 


Gloucester in 


attempt to 
lure Toulouse 


Gloucester, England's na- 
tional merit: table champions, 
are to entertain Toulouse, the 
French champions, at 
tnigchnlm later this year. 

Negotiations with the French 
dub are at an advanced stage 
and Gloucester are hopeful of 
staging foe big gamr in 
November or December, said 
Peter'Foiti, the dnb chairman. 


“It is looking good and we 
are very hopeful that we wifi be 
able to .host a game which is 
sore to be one. of foe must 
attractive fixtures this 
season," Ford said. “Bot there 
ire still a few details to be 
sorted out before it is finally 
confirmed.” 





LockoPark 
back on 
foe calendar 

By Jenny MacArthur 


Toulouse, nine times French 
champions, have won the titie 
for the last two years. They 
beatAgen 16-6 at foe Parc des 
Princes' this year to affirm 
theft leading position in Euro- 
pean dnb rugby. 


A new sponsorship by Piper 
Champagne,' in. . excess of 
£20,u0(X has put thn popular 
Locko Park competition in 
Derbyshire bade - on the 
eventing calendar for next 
yean- 

The trials, started in 1975 


. If the match goes ahead, ft 
will be Gloucester's second 
against an overseas side this 
season. They are to entertain 
Monster, at Kmgsholm. on 
September 22. ■ 


Johnson given 
bad news 


Patricia Johnson, who 
reached the quarter-finals -of 
the US amateur golf tour- 
nament last week, leads En- 
gland in the borne interna- 


Rudd to leave 


by the owner, and organizer. 
Captain Patrick Driuy-Lowe, 
hbsted tbe national open and 
.novice, champioiiships until 
this! year when they were Jeft 


About turn 


tibnal at Whittington Barracks 
from September 3 to 51 
TEAlfcC 


BMartfink 
S Torrance — 

S Lyle 

R Drummond , 


£57,090 

41,084 

41.056 

25286 

21X105 


Wales 

I Woosnam 


M MouJand 

P Parian 

D Llewellyn .... 

P Thomas 


£70,530 

33.821 

29,374 

9,514 

9296 


Reading yesterday signed 
Piul Canoville for a £50)000 
fee - increasing their £1 ,000 a 
week debt and angering Brent- 
ford, who believed they agreed 
terms with the Chelsea winger. 
“I'm bitterly disappointed," 
Frank McLimock, the Brent- 
ford manager, said. Ian 
BranfooL the Reading man- 
ager, said: “We're delighted.'’ 



oris Rudd, foe understudy 
to David ; Watiduson, . foe 
Great Brilmnand Hufl Kings- 
ton Rovers iooker, i»s bora 
placed ooThe transfer Est for 
£40,000. ’ • 


high apd dry and without a 
sponsor^ me British Horae' 
Society's: decision tip remove 
the -open championfoms to 
Captain Mark. Philips' 
GafcombePark event. - 
. Captain: Philips will con- 
tinue., to host the open 
championships but the new 
sponsorship b? . Piper, who 
already support the Aston 
Park horse trials in Oxford- 
shire, tmabtes foe novice and 
intermediate, championships 
to return to Lockcu Next year’s 
event Will bfc hdd on August 7 
andS.' 


Fire hazard 


Society’s^ 

tfieopen 

Captain 


nc inivnMuroyii o ■ iiuimiM 

Heath). Nonptaytng cape H 


Kaye (Heipenden). 


Moses target 


Ed Moses, after breaking 
Parry O’Brien’s record of 116 
victories without defeat in 
Tuesday's meeting in Malmft 


Kuridees Council yesterday 
refused to grant Huddersfield 
Rugby League dub a fire 
certificate for its two stands 
after a team of safety experts 
inspected the Yorkshire - 
ground. The- decision means, 
that both stands are-likely to 
be closed to spectators all this ; 
season. 


Shann - Johnson, 
PontypooTs scrum half, m 
23, who broke his neck m 
training five months ago. has 
l»eea advised by a surgeon to 
qodt the came.- Johnson, 
noderttady to David: Bishop* 
has been told , font another 
Wow on Us neck might mean 
he would be confined to * 
wheekhair. Bishop fe. ; stiU 
playing despite, breaking a 
bone in his oedc. 


Pomypoolfoave become 

first team io Britain to sapport 

their players by insnnhg the 
entire first team squad under* 
private medftal scheme. In * 
comprehensive package* "r* 
foe BUPA Hospital CfesSp;* 
squad of 40 nominated Aft’ 
team players wOi recefte m- 
staat medical attention to 
iqjury received 
or during a gamf. 


* 5 ^ 


Ireland's attitude to foe 
Webb Ella Cnp (Rugby 
Union's world cop), schedafe) 
to take place m Aanraha and 
New Zealand to May and 
Jane of next year, has from foe 
oatsdr never, been any more 
than lakewaim. 

And urns that f 0 of foe 
New Zealand “rebels” - who 
undertook a rammer tear of 
Sonth Africa to defiance of foe 
New Zealand mghy football 
morn - have been teefoded fa 
the All Blacks team ferfoe 
second Test agahttt Australia 
on Saturday, haadene nothing 
to afiay Irish fear* that the 
derision ta initiate mb a 
tournament represeated a 
watershed in the devefepmeat 
of of the game. 


Tom 


The L: 


ens 

j U L 



V- • ■■ 
u: •• 

. • *ii 

i a .. 




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