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No 62, 545 


&• .... 


Volcanic gas 
kills 1,200 
in Cameroon 


tv- ( 


At least 1,200 people have 
been killed by a cloud of toxic 
gas rising from a volcanic lake 
in north-west Cameroon, but 
some reports have put the 
figure as high as 2,000. Vol- 
canic activity in the area is 
continuing, and unknown 
numbers of survivors [rave 

A government commu- 
nique described the leak, from 
Lake Nyos near Wum, about 
200 miles northwest of the 
capital, Yaounde, as a “geo- 
logical catastrophe”, and ap- 
pealed for international aid to 
cope with the disaster. 

At least three villages have 
been overwhelmed. In one the 
entire population is believed 
to have perished. President 
Paul Biya, who toured the 
region on Sunday, has de- 
clared it a disaster area. He 
said at least 1,200 had died 
and 300 survivors were being 
treated in hospitals for gas 

Rescue teams wearing gas 
masks backpacked cylinders 
of lifesaving oxygen to the 
remote area. 

The sudden leak of gas 
began on Friday, when 
according to rescue officials a 
volcanic eruption in Lake 
Nyos created a fissure which 
released gas to the atmo- 

A doctor at Yaounde's main 
hospital said the victims were 
poisoned by a mixture of gases 
including hydrogen and 

The symptoms were burn- 
ing pains in the eyes and nose. 


By Robin Yormg 

coughing and signs of asphyx- 
iation similar to strangulation, 
he said. It was like being 
gassed by a kitchen stove. 

Radio Bamenda reported 
yesterday that gases were still 
escaping from the fissure in 
the bed of the lake, which lies 
in a volcanic crater. 

The Israeli Prime Minister, 
Mr Shimon Peres, who ar- 
rived in Cameroon yesterday 
on a state visit, brought with 


100 miles 

. •Yaounde 

him a 16-man medical team 
with respiratory equipment, 
medicine and oxygen tanks to 
treat gas victims. 

The learn leader. Dr Mi- 
chael Weiner, said before leav- 
ing for the-disaster area that he 
understood volcanic activity 
was still continuing. He said 
that bis team would try to set 
up a base outside the contami- 
nated area and to treat casual- 
ties as they were brought out. 

A French medical team and 
a group of chemists specializ- 
ing in civil defence also ar- 
rived in the country yesterday 
to link up with French aid 

workers and firemen stationed 
in Cameroon who had already 
joined relief efforts. 

A further scientific delega- 
tion is to leave Paris today led 
by M Haroun TazieC the 
former Socialist Secretary of 
State for Prevention of Natu- 
ral Disasters. 

M Tazieff the pre-eminent 
French vulcanologist, pro- 
vided expertise to Colombia 
when (he Nevado del Ruiz 
volcano erupted in November 
1985. ■ ! 

In Paris yesterday he said 
that it was unlikely to be 
sulphur dioxide or hydrogen 
sulphide since both are lighter 
than air and would not stay at 
ground level, while their pun- 
gent odour would have 
warned the local population to 
flee. M Tazieff thought the 
leak was likely to have been of 
carbon dioxide, and said he 
had personally been caught by 
clouds of that gas 

“It's literally like being 
knocked out if there is no-one 
to pull you out in time”, he 

. Britain and America 
pledged logistical support for 
the evacuation of villagers, 
and several Western em- 
bassies in Cameroon have also 
offered assistance. 

Western Cameroon has a 
large number of lake-filled 
volcanic craters. On August 16 
1984 toxic fumes from a lake 
in a volcanic crater in 
Djindoum killed 36 people. 
The lake lies in the same 
mountain chain as Nyos. 

Peres brings aid, page 5 

•f'V’ - • -V /♦' ' •■■■ - - * 

Anatoly ShcharaHsfcy, the former Soviet dissident, centre, reunited with his mother and other members of his family when 
they arrived in Vienna yesterday en route to Israel after being allowed to emigrate by Russia. From left: Mr Shcharansky’s 
nephew Alexander, two security men, his sister-in-law Raya holding her son Boris and his brother Leonid. Report, page 7- 

Aral) WO rld Birmingham race abandoned 

'exercises^ Rain and gales wash out 

■'-as'" August Bank holiday 

Over the 

Are Britain’s 
drink-driving laws 
having the desired 
effect? On the 
nightshift with the 
breath-test police 

Labour considers 
council shake-up 

. By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

The Laboor Party is consid- metropolitan counties and 
ering a Shake-up of local Jhe Greater Lbndon Council 
government under which Demographic factors would 
about a dozen regional coun- ensure that if the extra coun- 
cils would take over many of cils were set up, many would 
the powers now exercised at fall to Labour's political ri- 
counly and district IeveL vals. Far from strengthening 
That became dearyesterday the hand of militant town-hall 
in advance of the launch on leaders, such as Mr Bemie 
Wednesday of the party’s new Grant ofHaringey, they would 
“green” environment strategy, actually reduce it, they added, 
which refers to such ■ a Mr Jack Straw, Labour’s 
democratically elected tier of local government spokesman, 
administration responsible for is a supporter of the proposal 

matters such as water, strate- 
gic planning, employment and 
waste disposaL 

but he has so far foiled to 
persuade the party's joint 
policy committee on the sub- 

But at the same time; party ject or the national executive 
sources said that no decisions committee to take it up. 

} f f f i 1 

1 i « Ik 

• The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize is worth £12,000 
today, treble the usual 
amount because 
there were ho winners 
last Friday or 
Saturday. There was no 
yesterday because of 
the Bank holiday. 

• Portfolio list, page 
18; rules and how to 
play, information 
service, page 14. 

Caning cases 

Stopp. the anti-caning group, 
is investigating four com- 
plaints about beatings in in- 
dependent schools and may ; 
submit them to the European 
Commission of Human 
Rights Page 2 

Tests awards 

Aborigines with links to the 
Maralinga area, where Britain 
held nuclear tests in the 1950s 
and 1960s. are to receive 
initial compensation of 
$Aus500.000 (£200,000) from 
Canberra Page 6 

On This Day 

The first Channel swimmer, 
Capt Matthew Webb, com- 
pleted his gruelling attempt in 
21hr45mio in 1875 Page 11 

Leeds results 

A full list of degrees awarded 
by Leeds University is pub- 

have been taken and work 
needs to be done through the 
autumn before the idea could 
become a manifesto 

They also dismissed the 
suggestion that the proposal 
aimed to extend Labour's 
power into the countryside as 
revenge on the Conservatives 
for abolishing the six 


Mr Jack Straw: Failed to 
persuade committees. 

Yesterday, Mr - David 
Blunkett, leader of Sheffield 
City Council and chairman of 
the local government commit- 
tee, said that the super coun- 
cils would be set up but the 
question was whether that 
should be coupled with sweep- 
ing away existing regional 
bodies such as those covering 
health and water. 

Speaking on World at One 
on BBC Radio 4, he said: “We 
want to try to streamline local 
government at the same time 
as looking at sensible demo- 
cratic regional structures.” 

He denied that such bodies 
would be Labour-dominated: 
“I don't think we would ever 
dream of trying to gerryman- 
der a situation. We could not 
do it in the South-west or parts 
of the South-east. Obviously, 
there will be major Tory 
domination and that is some- 
thing we would have to take 
account of.” 

From Robert Fisk 


US-Egyptian naval man- 
oeuvres in the Mediterranean 
and a fieredy-worded report 
in the W 'all Street Journals 
claiming that the Pentagon 
has plans for more bombing 
raids against Colonel Gadaffi, 
have sent a flurry of concern 
through the Arab world. 

President Assad of Syria 
yesterday flew unannounced 
to Libya to confer with the 
colonel and to promise — if 
Libya's official news agency is 
to be believed — to fight 
alongside him if his regime is 
it is again attacked by the US. 

The five days of US-Egyp- 
tian air and sea exercises, 
some of them off the Libyan 
coast have already been con- 
demned as “openly 
provocative" by Pravda. 
which suggested that they may 
be the prelude to another 
assault on Libya, this time 
involving Egyptian forces. 

It was probably not by' 
chance that Mr Vladimir 
Petrovsky, the Soviet Deputy 
Foreign Minister, turned up in 
Cairo for talks with Egyptian 

The United States believes 
Colonel Gadaffi is plotting : 
new terrorist attacks and has 
completed plans for a second 
and heavier air strike on 
Libya, the WaU Street Journal 
said yesterday in a prominent 
front-page article (Michael 
Binyon reports from Wash- 
ington). Targets could inclode 
oil terminals. Page 5 

officials as the first Egyptian 
naval vessels put to sea. 

The Syrians certainly seem 
to have taken the manoeuvres 
seriously. President Assad, 
speaking in Benghazi, sug- 
gested that his country would 
itself take offensive action 
against the Americans if they 
again attacked Libya. Yet bis 
rhetorical warning, as re- 
corded by Jana, the Libyan 
news agency, will probably 
lead US officials to regard it as 
something less than a threat 
“Syria and Libya are in the 
same trench in the struggle 
against the hostile imperialist 
plots which are directed not 
only against Libya but against 
the entire Arab nation,” Presi- 
dent Assad was quoted as 

“In case of a new (US) 
attack on Libya, Syria will 
shoulder its full responsibility 
and fight it as if it were 
directed against Syria itself” 

• Birmingham’s first attempt at hold- 
ing a motor-racing “Super Prix” had to 
be abandoned during torrential rain. 

• Rain and gales struck round Britain 
and in many places it may have been the 
wettest August holiday for 20 years. 

• Atrocious weather kept the crowds 
down to 200,000 for both days of the 
Notting Hill Carnival in west London 

• Several people were injured and 83 
arrested as violent clashes marred the 
end of the Isle of Wight scooter rally. 

Britain's first attempt to 
stage motor racing on public 
roads was washed out yes- 
terday. The race, in Bir- 
mingham. was abandoned at 
the half way point in torrential 
rain that brought high-speed 
crashes and anger from 

Birmingham City Council 
expects a £400.000 loss on its 
£1.5 million investment in the 
“super prix”. but officials said 
that, despite the appalling 
Bank holiday weather, it 
would stage the event again 
next year. The city hopes 

By Staff Reporters 

27. from Gloucester, com- 
plained that it had been 
irresponsible to allow the race 
to cany on as long as it did in 
the heavy rain and spray from 
the cars that sharply reduced 

He said: “I could not see the 
flags or the lights of the cars in 
front. 1 have raced in a lot of 
bad conditions, but these were 
the worst" 

In an earlier Thundersports 
practice race before the rain 
started Robin Smith, aged 40. 
was taken to hospital after his 
Cosworth car hit the crash 

eventually to hold the. British banners at over lOOmph and 
Grand Prut. ..... -burst into flames. He was 

The twchday event on a 2.5- treated for minor burns then 
mile “round-the-houses” cir- went home. No drivers were 
cuil near the city centre was seriously hurt 
acknowledged to have been Mr John Charlton, chair- 
well organized and the circuit man of Birmingham City 
was rated first class by many ' Council's Road Race 
drivers. Committee, refused to be 

But the organizers were downhearted, 
defeated by the heavy, pro- He said: “I am amazed we 
longed rain that drove spec- have been able to pull it off 
taiors away. The organizers when everybody said that we 
said that 70.000 spectators could noL We have produced 
watched yesterday's racing, one of the best road race 
although the police put the circuits in the world and we 
figure at 20,000. . are guaranteed to hold it until 

The main event a round of 1990. 
the Formula 3.000 Champion- “We do not do things by 

ship, was abandoned half way halves in Birmingham. We 
through, after 25 laps, when have bid for the Olympics in 
two cars partly blocked the 1992 and we can bid for the 
high-speed circuit grand prix. We want to make 

The driver of one of them, Birmingham the sporting cap- 
Andrew Gilbert-Scott aged itaf of Britain." 

The parliamentary Bill that 
had been necessary for the city 
to stage racing on public roads 
allowed for a five-year period 
to recover the £ 1 .5 million pul 
up by the council. 

The oiganizers estimated 
that, with attendances at 
Sunday's practice and qualify- 
ing rounds, about 100.000 
spectators had watched racing, 
including thousands of local 

There are no figures yet to 
show how many people 
bought tickets which were 
priced up to £15. All 15.000 
grandstand seats were sold. 

The efty council staged ‘the 
super prix in an attempt to 
help Birmingham's flagging 
economy and its chances of 
staging the 1992 Olympics. 

Weathermen will be scan- 
ning the records this morning 
to calculate in how many 
places it was the wettest Bank 
holiday since the late summer 
holiday was inaugurated in 

In London late last night, 
the weather centre said that I 
the three-day holiday period 
had still not quite equalled the i 
19.6 millimetres of rain 

We do not do things by .SK™. 
halves in Birmingham Wi achieved by. he celestral spoil- 

have bid for the Olympics in £“? ” h ,“ ^ 

1992 and we can bid for the ®“" k hol,da - v weekcnd >" 
grand prix. We want to make 1 VC . , . 

Birmingham the sponingcap- °" lhc olhcr hand - an 
itaf of Britain." 

Continued on page 14, col I 





From Pearce Wright 

Earlier descriptions of the 
disaster at the Chernobyl 
atomic power station palra 
into insignificance yesterday, 
when Soviet scientists showed 
for the fust time a video 
recording of what it was like to 
look straight down the throat 
of a nuclear volcano. 

Taken from a helicopter 
when the crisis was at its peak, 
the film showed a charcoal- 
blackened crater, at the bot- 
tom of which was a fearsome 
red furnace that had once been 
the number four nuclear re- 
actor of lhc largest atomic 
power station in the world. 

The awesome view of the 
power station was the back- 
drop to a remarkable intro- 
duction to a report on the 
accident from the head of the 
Russian delegation. Professor 
Valery Legasov, at a meeting 
of more than 500 technical 
experts from 50 countries. 

He began by widening the 
issue of nuclear safely far 
beyond those methods asso- 
ciated with the Chernobyl 

He invited “criticism and 
constructive ideas” to get out 
of the mess the Russians were 

He said: “The Chernobyl 
accident was a disaster for our 
citizens. It was a material and 
moral loss that is still distort- 
ing the current economic and 
scientific activity of many of 
our organizations." 

But he then stressed that not 
only the Soviet Union, but the 
rest of the world, was depen- 
dent upon an expansion of 
nuclear energy. Without it any 
prospect of industrial growth 
after the year 2000 was a pious 

He said: “Without nuclear 
encigy we cannot master the 
next stage in our economic 
and technological develop- 

Professor Legasov said: 
“The world of nuclear energy 
brings many dangers of an 
international character: trans- 
boundary releases of radi- 
ation. the danger of the 
distribution and proliferation 
of nuclear weapons, and inter- 
national terrorism and the 
threat of damage to nuclear 
power plants in a time of war. 

“The saturation of the 
world with so many types of 
dangerous industrial installa- 
tions makes conditions in 
which war is not permissible." 

He said the Russians had 
weighed up the potential risk 
and the potential long-term 
effects on health of an escape 
of radioactivity. “Our country 
has chosen a strategy for an 
accelerated development of 
nuclear energy." 

He maintained that the 
reasons were “absolutely com- 

In investigating the Cher- 
nobyl accident, his team 
Continued on page 5, col 2 

Fleming in Police fire 

Biggest-ever rise in Tokyo shares 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

Tokyo's rise was the biggest 
one-day gain on record — the 

Germany will come under *5*® 

increasing pressure this week 43-78 pomts to 1 8,565.61. 

to cut its interest rates. But 
sterling's weakness is likely to 
prohibit any early reductions 
in British base rates. 

Share prices in Tokyo and 
Frankfurt rose yesterday in 

Washington is pressing Ger- 
many and Japan to reduce 
interest rates to stimulate the 
world econorny.Germany's 

certainly follow a cut in 
German rates. 

But the pound's weakness, 
on doubts about the outlook 
for the British economy, calls 
into question any reduction in 
base rates, now 10 per cent. 

In New York last night the 
pound was quoted at $1.4810, 

anticipation of moves towards day to consider interest rate 
cheaper money worldwide, policy? Japan would almost 

central hank meets on Thurs- about a cent down on Friday’s 
dav to consider interest rale closing level. 

plea to on crowd 

US judge in Soweto 

Lawyers representing John From Michael Hornsby 

Robert Fleming asked a judge Johannesburg 

50“* African police killed 
t0 one black man and injured 

whwe he is wanted for eight others when they opened 

SSth 1 ? ^ fire ° n a CTOwd 500 

^ outside at a Soweto school 
diamonds theft vesterdav 

Fleming, 45. Iras been held The government's Bureau 
wJSSfSl k* for Information said that the 

police fired birdshot and tear- 
peUcd from Costa Rica gas when their vehicle was 

JSSLJTSJPJPSS l? «oned as they drove past the 
the Bonks- Nghughunia £ yi Secondary 
Mat warehouse raid near SchooL 

■ A witness claimed the shots 
rJ 1e & fled ?. C0 ?? Rj f "ere fired by police in 

SSSCta AZJS plainclothes. The dead man 
days before Spanish author*- identified as Mr Maxin 
ties were due to expel him. Gaea, aeed 

WtT Soweto schools have been 
w" tense for two weeks, with most 
! secondary schools and some 

primary schools being boy- 
Uoited States Md allow him Jetted on Wednesdays. Thurs- 
toirarneacountry be wishes to ^ Fridays in prolest ai 

t 1 ^* t. 0- , - , . . the presence of aimed sol- 

The judge said he may rale dj era 

on the case next Wednesday. when ^ xhoo] be- 

gan in mid-July, the authori- 
Ued ties introduced controls which 

- — involved screening all retum- 

, ing pupils to weed out 

one oyer ^"2" 

about 300,000 pupils, who 
ipoodent ' were either refused cards or 

.. _ _ ... , foiled to apply, were barred, 

the Somerset cncket commit- #-Mr Ron Miller, Deputy 
tee chairman, tomorrow to Minister of Foreign Affairs, 
discuss the situation. said yesterday that South Af- 

Mr Langford said yesterday: rica would the issue of 
I would be very surprised if g* presence of African Na- 
lan turned his back on toe : Uonal Congress (ANQ mem- 

fished today 

Page 24 

Hone Nw 2-4 1 fcatms 8-10 
0*en*te 5-7 1 U* Report 13 

Archaeology 12 Laden 11 

Aits 13 Letters 11 

BfeihMalhs. Obituary 12 
■ttmaiges 12 Pie* Roods 14 

Bridge 12 Some 12 

&suen 15-18 Sport 2S3830 

Chess 2 iMDtutc 29 

Com 12 TV & Radio 29 

Crosswords 8.14 linns 12^24 

D»ry 10 Walker 14 

Events 14 Wills 12 

US citizen gets 
12 years for 
China spying 

Peking - China has jailed a 
US citizen for 12 years on 
chaises of spying for Taiwan 
(Robert Grieves writes). 

It was the first time an 
American had been arrested 
and convicted on spy charges 
since toe two nations re- 
opened diplomatic relations 
in 1979. 

He was identified as Rich- 
ard Lu, aged 67, an American 
Chinese from Los Angeles, a 
veteran of toe Nationalist 
military intelligence service 
during the Second World War 
who fled to Taiwan and 
migrated to toe US In 1980. 

He was charged with collect- 
ing data in 1984 and 1985. 

Test batting record equalled 

Botbam hits 24 off one oyer 

By John Goodbody, Sports News Correspondent 
Ian Botham equalled the Botham's 59 came from 36 the Somerset cricket com mi t- 

Test record for the most balls. His two sixes and three 
number of runs scored in one fours m the one over off 
over when he hit 24 off the Stirling equalled the record of 
bowling of Derek Stirling for Andy Roberts, the former 

England against New Zealand 
at the Oval yesterday. 

Botham, whose recall for 
the Third Test has already 
seen him pass the world 
record for the number of Test 
wickets, had made 59 not out 
when steady rain ended play 
for the day after only 65 
minutes. England were 101 
runs ahead of New Zealand's 
first innings total of 287, with 
five wickets still standing. 

West Indian fast bowler, who 
hit Botham himself for 24 in 
an over in 1981. 

Somerset are confident that 
Botham will still be playing for 
them next season in spile of 
his threat to leave the' county 
because the West Indian play- 
ers, Vlv Richards and Joel 
Garner.-have not been offered 
new contracts. 

The England all-rounder 
will meet Mr Brian Langford, 






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Record Tokyo nse, page 15 on the case next Wednesday. 


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tee chairman, tomorrow to 
discuss toe situation. 

Mr Langford said yesterday: 

Somerset public. We verbally 
agreed a two-year contract 
with Ian last week. 

• Tan Rush, the Welsh Inter-, 
national striker, was sent off at 
the end of UverpooFs 0-0 
draw with Manchester City at 
Anfieid. Ken Walmsley, toe 

bers in Mozambique at the 
next round of talks between 
the two countries. 

His comment came amid 
reports that the ANC is once 
again making free use of 
Mozambique for guerrilla at- 
tacks on South Africa, and 


• No fees charged 

• Immediate decision given 

• Written Quotations 

• Self employed welcome 

• Licensed fenders and brokers 


18 . 8 % 

m m 

referee, said: “I sect Rush off that Pretoria is channelling 
for a comment he made to substantial military aid to toe 


Sport, pages 25-28 aad 30 

Renamo insurgents 


-080071 7171 


. UK Fio»nse terv ~ ■■ rtfi-t . 

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Strasbourg to be asked 
to rule on caning 
at independent schools 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

Four complaints from par- 
ents about beatings in in- 
dependent schools are being 
examined by the anti-caning 
group. Stopp, and some or all 
of them will be submitted to 

case will almost certainly go to 

• Barry Tavner, aged 13. was 
severely caned by Mr John 
Pearman. head ofFriera Bar- 
net grammar school, an i li- 

the European Commission of dependent school in north 
Human Rights in Strasbourg London. A crown prosecution 

later this year. 

The cases will challenge the 
retention of corporal punish- 
ment in fee-paying schools in 
the United Kingdom. Al- 
though the Commons agreed 
by one vote last month to ban 
caning in state schools, it did 
not extend the ban to the 
independent sector. 

Stopp believes it should 

is under consideration and 
reference to Strasbourg de- 
pends on the outcome. 

Stopp would give no details 
of its fourth case because the 
parents do not want publicity. 
The group made clear it would 
stay m business until corporal 
punishment was outlawed in 
the independent sector. 

There is some doubt about 

have done to comply with the whether the European 
European Convention on Hu- Convention applies to fee- 

man Rights- The Government 
disagrees and complaints to 
Strasbourg could decide the 
issue. The ami-caning group is 
considering the following 

• Parents have complained 
about Mr Derek Slade, a head 

ovemment paying schools because Artide 
iplaints to 2 of Protocol 1 says: “No 
decide the person shall be denied the 
ng group is right to education. In the 
following exercise of any functions 
which it assumes in relation to 
om plained education and to teaching, the 

independent schools to reg- 
ister them, so it does perform 
some functions and the 
schools are therefore covered. 

One problem will be that 
there are two categories of 
pupil in independent schools: 
those supported financially by 
the state, such as assisted place 
pupils, to whom the ban 
applies; and those who are 
not. who will be liable for 

Mr Christoper Everett, head 
of Tonbridge School, Kent, 
and this year's chairman of 
Headmasters Conference, the 
assodation of leading public 
schools, said he thought that 
schools containing the two 
categories would not continue 
to use the .cane. 

“It is definitely the case that 
corporal punishment is being 
used more rarely right through 
the independent sector. ” 

The Independent Schools 

British tax 
rival best 
in world 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent - 

Britain is the finest “pure” 
tax haven in the world, offer- 
ing incentives at least as good 
as those of the Cayman Is- 
lands or Luxembourg, the 
Economist Intelligence Unit 
says in a report. 

Xt says that Britain semes 
better than most tax havens, 
because its range of tax and 
f franrigl incentives available 
is so vast. 

‘The UK his been used as a 
tax haven by knowledgeable 
foreign business people for 
many years in order to shelter, 
completely free of tax, profits 
earned outside," the authors of 

Moves to 
new crops 
in Europe 


So-called alternative crops, 
which until now have been 
largely grown on an experi- 
mental basis, look set to 
become the focus of increasing 
competition among European 
formers in the next few years. 

With a massive and accu- 
mulating surplus within the 
EEC of grain, meat and dairy 
produce, more attention « 

likely, to be paid to oilseed and 

animal feed crops which can 
be profitably grown in Euro- 
pean climates bin which the- 
Community imports in large 
quantities. - 

Oilseed rape, whom bright 

who faces charges of grievous parents to ensure such eauca- 
bodilv harm at his new tion and teaching in confor- 

preparatory school, mity with their own religious 
Dalesdown, Sussex. Stopp in- and philosophical 

state shall respect the right of Joint Council, which super- 
parents to ensure such educa- vises that sector, advises 
tion and teaching in confer- schools which ask to abolish 
mity with their own religious corporal punishment It is 

tends to pursue the issue to 


The Government 


• A complaint against Mr that its functions m relation to 
William Blackshaw. head of private schools are so limited 

Brighton College, in East Sus- 
sex. He was alleged to have 

that such schools are excluded 
from the Convention. Its 

beaten a boy three years ago opponents say that the Gov- 
and injured him badly. Thai eminent sends inspectors into 

possible that it will review the 
practice in the light of the 
Commons vote. 

Mr David Woodhead, 
director of the Independent 
Schools Information Service, 
said that the cane bad fallen 
into disuse. 

Letters, page 11 

the report, Tie UK as a Tax yellow flowers in May and 
i Horen, im/87, says. June still perplex many vis- 

■ . .... itors to the countryside, is well 

It is possiWe toestehisfe a established across northern 
J ^ Europe and is an important 

"s**® 1 cash crop for which there is a 

are channelled p^ofoto- ready market. Primarily used 
seas trading. Frtrided tte by food manufacturers, the ofl 
company fas its m anagement from the crushed seeds has 
and control ontside the UK, it potential as an industrial 
wiU pay no UK taxes.” lubricant. -/ 

Britain also has tte worhTs Sunflowers, hitherto consid- 
jbugest network of taxation to neqd a Mediterranean 
agreements with other conn- donate, ate being extensively 
tnes. These mean that com- cultivated across Franceas for 
pawes paying .dividends ac- north as Normandy. Soya 
ross national . boandanes pay be^ imported from the 
either reduced amounts of tax United States for cooking oil 

on them, or none at alL 

I manufacture and as 

Labour’s black sections 

Dispute risk to Hattersley 

Intense last-minute lobby- 
ing is going on in the Bir- 
mingham, Sparkbrook, con- 
stituency of Mr Roy Hat- 
tersley by both sides in a 
dispute that could seriously 

By Craig Seton 

coming annual conference, 
which begins next month, 
calling for the reinstatement of 
the two men who were ex- 
pelled last November. 
Moderates were furious that 

embarrass the deputy leader of a constituency party which 
the Labour Party at next had expelled the men should 

month's party conference. 

The dispute, over the expul- 
sion of two Sparkbrook 
constituency members, is rap- 
idly becoming a cause cefebre 
on the Labour Party's left 

Activists claim that the 
expulsions were to silence 
demands in Sparkbrook, 
where 60 per cent of the 
Labour membership is Asian, 
for special party sections for 
blacks only and to rid the 
constituency of critics of its 

Labour’s national -leader- 
ship is opposed to the creation 
of black sections and Mr 
Hattersley has condemned 
them as political “apartheid”. 

Moderates say the con- 
troversy is being used by left- 
wing members, inside and 
outside Sparkbrook, to dam- 
age Mr Hattersley’s moderate 
standing in the constituency 
and the party. 

Tonight the Sparkbrook 
constituency party will hold a 
crucial general management 
committee meeting. 

Mr Hattersley's moderate 
supporters will attempt to 
gather their strength to over- 
turn a surprise decision at a 
previous meeting which called 
for the two members, Mr 
Kevin Scally and Mr Amir 
Khan, to be reinstated to the 
constituency party that ex- 
pelled diem. 

The poorly-attended meet- 
ing voted by fifteen votes to 
nine to support a left-wing 
resolution at Labour’s forth- 

ahead in 
chess contest 

have become associated with 
calls for them to be brought 
back into its ranks and ac- 
cused the left - wing of 
“hijacking” the meeting and 
bringing up the reinstatement 
issue by surprise. 

Mr Hattersley has at- 
tempted to stay dear of the 
dispute, bat us supponers 
fear that bis credibility could 
be damaged if it becomes a big 
issue at the party conference. 

About forty constituency 
Labour parties are now 
thought to be supporting the 
reinstatement resolution. The 
Sparkbrook affair is as much 
about the disputed reasons for 
the expulsion of the two men 
as about whether they should 
have been expelled in the first 

The constituency leadership 
says they were expelled for a 
“calculated public campaign 
designed to damage and dem- 


grate other members of the 

Mr Khan was expelled after 
he attacked Mr Hattersley's 
opposition to black sections, 
but Sparkbrook moderates 
said he had foiled to disclose 
that he bad previously stood 
for election as a candidate for 
Socialist Unity, which they 
claimed was a front party for 
Internationa] Marxists. 

Mr Scally was expelled after 
taking party in a Channel 4 
programme, which involved 
the former international 
marxisl Tariq Ali, alleging 
that “corrupt” right wingers 
were running the Sparkbrook 
party and suggesting that false 
application forms for party 

As well as its attractions for livestock, now cover about 
foreigners, the British tax 100,000 acres of southern 
system is one of the most France, 
favourable In the world for Jn Britain, Inter national 
business, contrary to the renal Seed Producers, of Bury St 
imprassibii, the report said. Edmonds, Suffolk, say that the 
The corporate tax rate has IJptential for linseed produo- 

been reduced to 29 per cent for tion . is- nowhere near 
small firms and is being cat to betngrealized. Although the 
35 p»r rwi t cpr hig wniniiiiw acreage has doubled in each of 
But even this rate wffl be the past three . years, British 
largely theoretical, with the growers supply less than a fifth 
vast majority of companies of domestic demand, j. 
payfag&r less. This year’s planted acreage 

of 17,000 acres compares with 
a" estimated potential of 
100,000 acres to satisfy the 

-- - IW.UW dUU tv aaUMj uic 

team of raising a htde extra h oroe market and nearly a 
: ■ million acres to supply the 

Most recognized tax havens whole of the EEC 

charge companies aid iadivid- 
uata for foe privilege. Jersey 
levies, an annual £300 on 
companies with non-resident 
status, and Liechtenstein 
charges 0.1 per cent of a 
company's net worth. At 
present, there are no such 
charges in Britain. 

First lamb 
sale in 
curb area 

Mr Hattersley, who is trying 
to stay out of foe dispute. 

Survey finds 
backing for 
pin-ups ban 

Sparkbrook constituency 
chairman, has written to aU 
Labour Party organizations 
explaining why the two men 
were expelled in an attempt to 
limit support for the call for 
their reinstatement 

Moderates believe they 
have a three-to-one majority 
on the constiuency party gen- 
eral management committee, 
which has 63 members, and 
that at tonight's meeting they 
will overturn the decision 
calling for reinstatement 

Mr Scally was not available 
for comment, but Mr Khan, 
aged 36, a member of Bir- 
mingham City Council, said: 
“They are ttying to portray me 
as a left-wing extremist but 
there is no campaign to get rid 
of Roy Hattersley. When he. 
was reselected unopposed it 
was I who nominated him. 

T was expelled for talking 
to the press about black 
sections and I still believe I 
should be allowed to fight 
within the party’s constitution 
for black sections.” 

Tory attack 
on mortgage 
relief increase 

_ _ The grace ami subtlety of great dancers, the comedy offoe down, foe strength and physical 

P® r * ecti ® n champion gymnasts: aU have their part to play in the art of the Dalian 
m Kr P wS C v em8U !u Acrobatic Tronpe,widefy regarded as one oftbe freest mdrina, who opened a week’s season 

at the Feawal Hauh London yesterday (Photographs: Sarah Katato ). 

chairman, has written to aU • } ~ • .. • . “ 

Labour Party organizations UllVTri]'l(F '• JVtOtOT'lIlfl 

explaining why the two men A# Ull 

were expelled in an attempt to . 4*11 . -m 

for still mes Gloomy outloo 

Moderates believe they QtiArfV ** , 

have a three-to-one majority 4XV- GllUl l Ij By Nicholas I 

Motor Industry 

Gloomy outlook for Britain 

Suggestions that the Conser- 
vatives intend to extend tax- 
relief on mortgage interest 
payments are attacked today 
by one of the party's pressure 

An editorial in Crossbow, 
the Bow Group quarterly. 

By Harry Golombek More 111311 ^ 061:11 °f Suggestions that the Conser- 

Chess Correspondent respondents to a survey or- vatives intend to extend lax- 
, .I j a gamzed by Woman magazine relief on mortgage interest 

in toe Lloyds Bank tour- supported the campaign initi- payments are attacked today 
nament the young Norwegian, ated by Labour MP Ms. Clare by one of the party’s pressure 
G. M. Agdestem is the only Short to outlaw page three pin- groups, 
player left with a full score. ups (Robin Young writes). An editorial in Crossbow, 
He has five points out of In this week’s issue the ihe Bow Group quarterly, 
five after defeating magazine reports that most of criticizes suggestions, reported 
I. M. Murey, of Israel, in the 5.000 people who returned to have come from Downing 
round 5 in an exciting struggle questionnaires blame the in- Street staff, that the Govem- 
in which both players were in crease in sex crimes on news- ment was considering raising 
big time trouble. taper pictures of scantily dad foe tax-relief threshold from 

The Indian player, Anand, Bids- . c .. £30.000 to £35,000. 

aged 16. beat the' American, Four ?“? ™ . re P 1,3S Tfwe resort to buying votes 

G M. de Firmian. in 49 min- expressed the belief that the like this, we will deserve 
utes and 33 moves. pictures were linked with at- everything we get”, it says. 

.. . lacks on women. The emun helieves The ia*- 

big lime trouble. 

The Indian player, Anand, 
aged 16. beat the' American, 
G. M. de Firmian. in 49 min- 
utes and 33 moves. 

Other results: Chandler 1, 
Taugborn 0; Hjartarson 1, 
Adams 0; Ker 0, Hodgson 1; 
Kudrin 1, van der Sterren 0; 
Sathe 0, Rechlis 1: Ravisekhar 
0, Watson 1; Depasquaie 0, 
Plaskeu 1. 

The standings arc 1, 
Agdestein. 5; 2, Hjartarson, 
Hodgson, Chandler, 416; 5, 
Watson, Haskett Kudrin, 
Anand. Akesson. Murey, Re- 
chlis, Wills, 4. 

While Anand; Blade de 

Street staff, that the Govern- 
ment was considering raising 
the tax-relief threshold from 
£30.000 to £35,000. 

“If we resort to buying votes 
like this, we will deserve 
everything we get”, it says. 

The group believes the tax- 

Ms. Short said: “Now I have I relief limit should be reduced 

proof that women want the 
page three girls banned.” 

In a separate survey 
commissioned by a London 
advertising agency. 330.000 

It claims that higher levels 
of tax relief do not help first- 
time house buyers but push up 
properly prices. . 

“For many existing mort- 

men who regularly buy The gage holders it will signal 
Sun or the Daily .Mirror said another orgy of re-mortgaging, 
they turn to page three before the proceeds of which will be 

reading anything .although 
250.000 male readers claimed 
they never look. 

spent la 

on consumer 
the imported 

By RichardFord 

“Loyalist” banting and 
posters woe stfil flying yes- 
terday on foe premises of 
Short Bros, Northern 
Ireland's hugest 1 mannfac- 
toring employer, despite an 
order from the chairman for 
their removal “forthwith”. 

Bot with foe Orange Order 
warning of foe possibility of a 
strike by foe 7,000 employees, 
a trade union leader said such 
a stoppage wonJkl damage the 
ftrtnre of foe aircraft manufac- 
turing firm. 

The east Belfast-based com- , 
pany, which ordered foe re- 
moval of flags, emblems, and 
banting from its premises four 
days ago in an attempt to end 
sectarian intimidation on foe 
factory floor, has imposed no 
time limit for foe removal of 
foe loyalist displays. 

The trade unions and 
workforce, in considering any 
possible strike, are well aware 
that foe company is state- 
owned and refies heavily on 
orders from the United States 
for its coatmning success. 

In Newiy, Co Down, fire 
services operated normally 
yesterday after 22 part-tune, 
firemen decided to ignore an 
anonymous warning from a 
telephone caller daiming to be 
i a member of the Provisional 
IRA foal they were legitimate 
targets because of tbefr associ- 
ation with foe security forces. 

Messages to the media in 
Ballast awn foe Provisionals 
denied any involvement in foe 

A statement from the South 
Down brigade of the Pro- 
visional IRA denied any 
involvement in the threat to 
the fire service. 

The province's deputy chief 
fire officer, Mr Ken M&fefii, 
said the service took a serums 
view of such threats. 

Britain's motor industry 
will become increasingly 
dependent on its foreign own- 
ers and partners and it will 
remain in difficulties in the 
foreseeable future, it was pre- 
dicted yesterday. 

By Nicholas Beeston 

and Spain will become more Tbc Fiat company in Italy 
reliant on their foreign motor was now one ofEurope’s most 


The report states that in 
Britain the ~ subsidiaries of 
General Motors and Ford are 
having to compete, often with 

A Financial Assessment of out-dated machinery and less 
the West European Motor productive working practices. 

Industry, a 116-page study 
published by the Economist 
Intelligence Unit, evaluates 
automotive industries in West 
Germany, France, Italy, Spain 
and the United Kingdom. 

It concludes that, on present 
trends, only West Germany 
and Italy will be able to 
maintain a strong indigenous 
motor industry, while Britain 

against other operations in the 

Austin Rover’s future is 
uncertain and there could be 
further partnership deals with 
foreign companies, it says. 

France cranes off the . worst number of sizeable tnanufac- 
in the report which forecasts turers will decrease, and one 
huge losses for Renault until a or two groups, probably 
big rationalization pro- Volkswagen and' Fiat, will 

gramme is introduced. 

Roadwork congestion 
saves £lm in repairs 

Drivers who spent part of 
the Bank holiday weekend 
trapped in motorway tailbacks 
caused by roadworks were 
helping the Government to 
save more than £1 million. 

That is what it would have 
cost the Department of Trans- 
port to have stopped work to 
ease congestion on 18 motor- 
ways from the Ml to the 
M275, a department spokes- 
man, Mr David Deas, said 

“The same problem comes 
up every year. It is essential 
that roadworks are done dur- 
ing the summer months be- 
cause of climatic problems. It 
is impossible to schedule work 
so that it stops over a particu- 
lar weekend or holiday 

Mr Deas said that interrupt- 
ing repair work on the M3 
between junctions 24 and 25, 

He' said that the “lane 
rental” Systran of penalizing 
contractors up to £24,000 a 
day for delays, introduced by 
Mr Nicholas Ridley, the for- 
mer Secretary of Stale for 
Transport, had brought dra- 
matic improvements- 

A spokeswoman for the AA, 
Mrs Suzanne James, said that 
more planning and invest- 
ment- was the only solution to 
the problems caused by the 
summer rush to repair roads 
when traffic was at its 

Although the Government 
was spending £83 million on 
road maintenance this year, ' 
Britain was still only investing 
29 per cent of the £12 billion 
paid in motoring taxes. The 
European average was 55 per 
cent ' ■ 

Britain as a Tax Haven, (ETU, The first auction of lambs 
40 Duke Street. London wia from an area of North Wales 
IDW,£75)..- where restrictions remain af- 

~ a ter the iCtiernoltyL nuclear 

*^— *"“«*** 

U • Mr Jc® Da™ of Trefiiw, 

injhfe Conwy VaHey,soId 120 
lambsitt Abergele market after 
permission was granted two 

• m • . weeks ago by. Mr Nicholas 

* ^ ^ufd s.Secretaiy of State for 

Mr Edwards said that Iambs 

• . x „ . from areas affected by high 

The Fiat company m Italy jafoaijon - readings could be 
snow one of Europe s most to rnark^ but not 

slaughtered, to help to relieve 
f ^ farmers’ cash jjroblems. 

inagement action. 

Volkswagen also is increas- Bidding started at £10 a 
- its European and inter- lamb, and eventually went to 
tional presence and the £13.60, - much less than the 

any car makers Daimler- current market price of be- 

az and BMW have bene- twee n f25 and £28. The buyer, 
id from strong export sales, Mr Aled Roberts, of Beau- 
taWy in North America. ; mans, Anglesey;, said: “It is a 
fhe report forecasts that' as bargain”. He wiU fatten them 
rope increasingly becomes intbehopeofsellingthemata 
single-market place, the profit when slaughter restrio- 
nber of. sizeable manufac- tions are ended, 
erswill decrease, and one The lambs carried a Wue 
two groups, probably marking at the back of the 
Ikswage 2 311(1 ^ head because Mr Davies's 

erge as dear leaders. farm, includes mountains 

; — - — - where the readings were high- 

i'nrnnAftn frin est. Sheep from areas of less 
LfUTUpeail trip radiation wUI be marked 

without a grcen - 

/ ■ Thousands of sheep from 

[Op IOr pCtrOl affected areas are now likely to 

L tiny British c5 completed £ P 3 *? North 

epfc Mid-Wales. ‘Die Govern- 

ors Europe yesterdJT- ^ttonromis^cprapensa- 
faoat ^pfog mT^igle jw; sfl bekw their 

wIstSnL true market value, 

k triumphant team of Gar- Mr Davies, a widower aged 
f University scientists were 89, who has farmed in the 
eted in Usbon, the Porto- foothills of Snowdonia all his 
se f pftai, after drivhig li fe, w ould not comm ent His 
:ir sunshine-powered housekeeper, Miss Margaret 
mrider” from Greece. Cunningham, said: - “He is 
[bey set-out from Athens vety upset at having to sell 
i months ago - appro- This is only the start” 

successful vehicle manufac- 
turers because of firm 
management action. 

Volkswagen also is increas- 
ing its European and inter- 
national presence and the 
luxury car makers Daimler- 
Benz and BMW have bene- 
fited from strong export sales, 
notably in North America. . . . 

The report forecasts that as 
Europe increasingly becomes 
a single-market place, the 

emerge as dear leaders. 

European trip 
without a 
stop for petrol 

A tiny British car completed 
an epic 2,000-mile journey 
across Europe yesterday — 
withoat stopping at a single 
petrol station. 

A triumphant team of Car- 
diff University scientists were 
greeted in Lisbon, foe Portu- 
guese capital, after drivtoc 
their sunshine-powered 

“Smuider” from Greece. 

They set. out from Athens 
two months ago .- appro- 
priately on Midsummer's Day 
- in the toughest test yet of 
solar energy technology. 

The car attracted crowds of 
onlookers during its trip 
through Greece, Italy, France 
and Spain, using only the 
power of the snu. 

Weighing just 2001 bs and 
with a top speed of 28mph, the 
cigar-shaped car nuts on 
detfridty generated from 300 

ing repair work on the M3 "Unless the Government c **™*f* d “f ,25 
between junctions 24 and 25, VP Ihe facts and dedriclty generated from 300 

near Famborough, Kent, and ntemfams a higher rate of tolar oelte^ut l to the surface 
removing the three contra-" ^vestment in roads the re- of ite gtassfibre body, 
flows on the Ml between pa^s backlog wflf mple by the 

junctions 8 and 9, near Hemd end of the decade,” Mrs James staff and students at 
Hempstead, Hertfordshire, said. the department of mechanical 

would have cost £500,000. 

leading artide, page 11 

The car was designed and 
built by staff and students at 
tlte department of mechanical 
and energy studies at Univer- 
sity College, Cardiff, 



17 Qb3 




18 Nf7 


2 M3 


19 BhS 



20 Bxffl 


4 Nxd4 


21 Rd3 


5 Nc3 


22 Rg3 


6 Be3 


23 Nh6 




24 Ng8 




25 Rg7 


9 Bxg6 


26 Rdl 


10 Ng5 


27 Nxe7 


11 00 


28 RT7 




29 Qf7 


13 (MW 




14 Nce4 


31 Rel 


15 Bd2 


32 OS 


16 Nxffl 



Hoverspeed suffers from old fleet and stiff competition 

By Mark Ellis 

As holidaymakers' cars were taken off the 
Hoverspeed hovercraft crippled by an elec- 
trical fire in the engine room, it emerged 
yesterday that Britain’s only cross-Channel 
hovercraft operator is battling against low 
profits, an ageing fleet and increasingly fierce 
competition from ferries. 

The 17-year-old hovercraft Swift, which 
can cany 278 passengers and 34 cars, was 
stranded in the Channel with 132 passengers 
on board on Sunday, is one of four Saunders 
Roe N4 Mk2 craft owned by Hoverspeed. A 
similar craft. Sure, is surplus to requirements 
and mothballed in Ramsgate. 

Hoverspeed is the result of a merger 
between two loss-making companies, Hover- 

Lloyd, Britain's first private cross-Channel 
hovercraft operators and Seaspeed. a subsid- 
iary of British Rail, which also had a major in- 
terest in the ferry company, Se alink - 

When British Rail sold its interest in 
Sealink to British Ferries last year, British 
Ferries also bought the hovercraft business 
for £5 million. 

Last year Hoverspeed, which also operates 
two SRN4 Mk3 craft which can carry 424 
passengers and 55 cars, reported a pre-tax 
profit of £194,000 and a spokesman said 
profits were expected of between £250,000 
and £500,000 this yearA Hoverspeed spokes- 
man said yesterday that it was not known if a 
decision had been made to replace the 
hovercraft fleet 

Two years ago, on the twenty-fifth anniver- 

sary of cross-Channel hovercraft services, 
experts were ’ predicting that it was on the 
verge of collapse as the business had never 
really been profitable because of its inability 
to compete with freight-canying ferries. 

Hovercraft have been forced to rely on 
seasonal tourist traffic and reasonably good 
weather,- as government safety regulations 
forbid crossings for the smaller craft if the 
mean wind speed is 35 knots or higher and the 
wave height is more than 2.5 metres. The 
limit for the larger craft is 40 knots and 3.5 

A Hoverspeed spokesman said that during 
the summer it operated up to a maximum of 
27 round trips a day, which was' reduced to 
eight during the winter, but weather caused 
cancellation of one in 20 trips by smaller craft. 

and. one in 40 for the larger craft. Passengers 
are offered alternative crossings by ferry. 

Townsend Thoresen is the main rival to 
British Ferries on the Channel crossing and 
both have up io a dozen ships sailing from 

Townsend Thoresen has on order two 
femes costing £40 million each. 

A variable' fares tariff and special offers 
make comparisons difficult but a summer 
season return trip by hovercraft from Dover 
to Calais for a saloon car and two adults is 
likely to cost £40 to.£60 for ihe car and up to 
£58 for both adults, with (he trip taking 26 to 
40 minutes depending on the weather. By 
forty Jt would cost up to £100, rising during 
summer weekends by £38 to £40. and takes 75 
minutes or more. . 

[ Town chaos as 
5,000 sheep 
abandon ship 

Fishermen in Oban, Argyll- 
shire, had a harbour full of 
wool yesterday after 5,000 
sheep leapt overboard from a 
ferry taking them to market 
from the islands of Tyree and 

They were rescued by local 
people in dinghies and speed- 
boats, and the coastguard was 
called in to help sort out 
problems at the pier. 

Police officers and drovers 
then joined in as the animals 
took off through . crowded 
streets. There was chaos as the 
town centre came to a stand- 
still. Eventually, aU were ac- 
counted for. 

The Oban coastguard said 
yesterday: “In a_way it was 
really quite funny. I suppose 
they thought this was their big 
chance to make their bid for 


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.lili.i ' 1 


The cost of working the land 

Bank is sued by a farmer 
who was lent too much 

' „ ByDaridSapsted 

**«£!? property near by and reflected cent of its value between the Union could soon come 


. Mr Alan Powell, who farms 

• 1 ® ** "&** that the fenn needed 

Mm 6 tot?' ^murtiinSftl^^u 8 m0re l ^ an its Share of '•o* *> 

- nun . too much money. He return it to peak condition 

... node the decision after the Mr Powell came from a long 

• ..hank, which has lent him a line of farmers — his father 

• total of £450,000, foreclosed his grandfather, an? Jnera- 

- “g put “ a receiver tions before that made their 

- .Ower rannere are feeing livings from the land- and 
. similar- difficulties and the the work got done, but it cost 
: SUETS?. *0 become money.Improvements and 
, something of a cause cefebre. machinery took his H»nV 

- , M* 1 PbweU’r story began borrowing to £450,000. 

[qur yeaisago whenhe bought Then came the crash; the 
his farm for £375,000, which price of farmland started to 
be thought was a bargain fan. 

1*1®®* According to the Country 

The price was about £500 an Landowners’ Association 
acre cheaper than comparable (CLA), it lost almost 40 per * 

Mr Alan Powell on his form at Prees Heath, in Shropshire, 
with his wife Jean and their cMMren, Sharon, aged 16, and 
Shaun, aged 13 (Photograph; John Maiming ). 

cent of its value between the Union could soon come out 
high point in 1984 and July fighting on behalf of the 
this year. And there is no sign embattled formers, 
of the trend reversing. In the United States, at least 

The association said; “The one former has successfully 
•fundamental cause is the lack sued the Bank of America for 
of action by the Government negligence over a similar 
and the EEC over future grain issue, 
policies. We know toe Euro- while Mr Powell awaits 
pean cereals surplus will have confirmation of -a legal aid 
b? controlled. certificate he remains unwill- 

A lot of formers borrowed jjjg discuss Hntaik of his 
very heavily from the banks at daim against the bank, 
a time when fond prices were -Generally, though”, he 1 

said, “I think the banks have a 
,ot 10 answer for.. . not the 
eraL As land values fell, the local manage ^ ^ people 

tanks we starting to look at ^ London or the regional 

who have seen that 
cases where they are fore- bnd y^es are felling and 

C Mr Powefl certainly does. In ^^JT^^to 
February this year, Lloyds - You Wlth 

made the foreclosure decision. 

Mr Powell, sitting tight in EffLSfrJEiELSS 
his farmhouse at Prees Heath, 

near Whitchurch, with his » ey 8®* tbiuss tight 111 
wife, two children and step- , . . 

daughter, is being paid a - Mr Powdl admits that it is 
caretaker’s wage to wanay frustrating and disheartening 
the farm he had hoped, one to be no more than a caretaker 
day, to pa ss on to his son. on . feud on which, he was 

It is a hope he hw not yei building his future. All 180 
relinquished. He says of his acres are arable and harvesting 
action against the bank: “I is under way, though what will 
don’t want to gp to law. I just be the fete of the crop, he does 
want to form. uot know. 

“I have been forced into this Just a year ago, he was 
crazy situation. Four years ago farming almost 900 acres: the 
the bank must have thought 180 he bought in 1982, 40 
my farm was a good invest- more that the famil y has 
menu they never put a Emit owned for years, and the rest 
on my borrowing. on short-term tenancies. To- 

‘Then land prices started to day. he has reduced that to 
fall and the big institutions no 360 acres, 140 of it rented, 
longer regarded it as a good He reckons that Shropshire 
place to nave their money. farmland prices have dropped 
“I believe they must bear more quickly than the na- 
responsibility for their actions tional average, to about 
1 and tha t is why I'm going to £1,200 an acre “and that's if 
fight all the way.” you can find a buyer”. 

Mr Powell, aged 36, is not With hindsight, the figure of 
alone in his fight Similar just more than £2,000 an acre 
cases are pending in Wales he paid for Wood Farm four 
and Scotland, and the CLA years ago does not look such a 
and the National Farmers’ bargain after alL 


v «*>; • Y??-. 

Miss Sally Peters cradling Jomar the chimpanzee, after being crowned Smile Princess at 
Regent's Park Zoo, yesterday. Miss Peters, aged 20, from Ashford in Kent. launched "Smile 
For Safety Week” for the British Safety Council (Photograph: Ros Drinkwater). 

Crown guide to Scottish holidays 

Scotland is to introduce 
classified guides to tourist 
services from next year, 
listing about 1,800 different 
kinds of accommodation, 
from camping sites to guest 
houses and leading hotels. 

A crown will be used as a 
symbol io denote the facilities 
available, with five crowns 
being the lop award. 

Mr Eddie Holmes, the Scot- 
land Tourist Board's public 
relations officer, said that 
establishments awarded five 
crowns would offer facilities 
such as cn suite bathrooms, 
lifts and easy access for the 

Food classifies lions will be 
based on quality, ambience 
and service and, instead of 

crowns, will carry one of three 
grades: approved, com- 
mended or highly com- 

The guides. lh>ni\ and 
timv //■ wcv liai jml Itreak- 
(hsi. \iu-riii^ and Comp- 
ing urn/ Conn out nu. will be 
available from the board and 
tourist bookshops. 

Listings are voluntary. 

Stoke up 
on water, 
are told 

A pre-race glass of water 
could mean the difference 
between a gold medal and 
being an also ran. Britain's 
athletes at the European 
Championships in Stuttgart. 
West Germany, are told 

When it comes to the Coc- 
Cram confrontation it could 
be the one who last had a 
drink who has the edge, 
particularly if it is hot, Mr 
Peter Beny Ottoway. a sports 
nutritionist, says. 

Mr Ouoway, who earlier 
this year told athletes to forget 
their training steaks and con- 
centrate on pasta and beans 
for energy, gives the advice in 
introducing the report of a 
national symposium on nu- 
trition in sport, which is 
sponsored by the Central 
Council of Physical 
Recreation and Shaklee (UK). 

Water, he says, is the most 
important of all nutrients and 
lack of it causes dehydration. 

“Most of our food produces 
heat, not energy , and wc sweat 
to lose it. If a marathon runner 
did not sweat he would just 
about come to the boil by the 
end of his 26 miles. He loses 
1 almost half a pint of water a 
1 mile in sweat, no matter how 
fast or slow he is.” 

Few athletes realize how 
vital it is and lake precautions, 
he says. A marathon runner 
can lose more than a gallon 
but it takes far less, a pint or 
so, to upset performance. 

“American research has 
shown dehydration can cut a 
miler's speed by 3 per cent. 5 
seconds in a 1 500-metre race, 
and by 6 or 7 per cent in the 
5.000 and 10.000 metres, a 
handicap of half a minute or 
more". Mr Ouoway says. 

Dehydration could explain 
some deaths during jogging, 
he says. It leads to the blood 
becoming thicker. 

Nutrition in Sport, (available 
from the Central Council of 
Physical Recreation. Francis 
House. Francis Street. London 
SWI, £5.25). 

Land price down by a third 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

The price of farmland in 
England has fallen by nearly a 
third in the past two years, 
from an average of £4,935 a 
hectare (about £2,000 an acre) 
in June 1984 to £3315 a 
hectare (about £1345 an acre) 
m the corresponding mouth 
t|iis year, -according to the 
latest Ministry of Agriculture 

. Tfe drop: wai- by no means 
■ unexpected; the surprise is 
that the bo6m in prices which 
followed Britain’s entry into 
the EEC in 1973 persisted for 
as long as it did. 

It was unrealistic to expect 
fanners to be able to service 
loans of £2,000 an acre or 
more on a net income unlikely 
to exceed £150 an acre, even on 
top-grade arable land. 

of arthritis 

By Thomson Prentice 
Millions of arthritis and 
rheumatism victims are being 
denied the services of special- 
ists who could ease their 
suffering, a report says today. 

Thirty health districts in 
Britain have no specialist 
rheumatologist the report 
from the Arthritis and Rheu- 
matism Council says. 

Professor Philip Wood, of 
the council's epidemiology re- 
search unit which prepared 
the' report said yesterday: 
“Seven and a half million 
people are without the ser- 
vices of a specialist in what is 
Britain’s most widespread dis- 
ease. Consultant help is essen- 
tial because it brings relief to 
the suffering of these people.” 

There should be one consul- 
tant per 1 50,000 of the popula- 
tion. he said, in England, toe 
actual rate was one for every 
177.547; in Wales, one for 
every 234.166; in Scotland, 
one for every’ 367.857 - "Tin 
extremely serious position” - 
and in Northern Ireland there 
was only one consultant for 
every 524,233 of the 

"The real trouble is re- 
sources. and for that the buck 
stops with government.'’ 
Professor Wood said. 

The report is published to 
mark the fiftieth anniversary 
of the Arthritis and Rheu- 
matism Council. 

The artificially high prices 
which prevailed in the late 
1970s and early 1980s were 
stimulated not only by the 
banks' willingness to lend 
money freely on the apparent 
assumption that toe land 
would continue to hold its 
value as collateral, but also by 
the eagerness of fiiMnriei 
institutions, including mer- 
chant banks, pension fends 
and insurance companies to 
acquire what they saw as a 
cast-iron investment. 

Now that a degree of sanity 
appears to have retained to the 
market, toe institutions are 
said to be equally anxkms to 
dispose of their holdings but 
are naturally on wilting to ac- 
cept toe losses involved. 

Their embarrassment at the 

plea for 

Pregnant women are tired of 
bans typecast and having 
their special fashion require- 
ments ignored by most manu- 
facturers and retailers, 
according to a report pub- 
lished today 

Expectant mothers through- 
out Britain described mater- 
nity fashions as “frumpish” 
and underwear as “ugly and 
uncomfortable”, the report by 
the market research company 
Campbell Keegan says. 

Miss Sheila Keegan, who 
wrote toe report, which is 
based on interviews with 100 
pregnant women, said yes- 
terday: “Women have changed 
but manufacturers are still 
approaching than as they did 
toe previous generation. They 
don't all want to dress in pretty 
pastels, wear bras built fike 
Sherman tanks, or be coo-eed 
by advertisers. They are look- 
ing for a bit more 

The Motoercare chain, 
which has 230 stores .said 
yesterday the report’s 
findingswere unfair. “O ur 
range is certainly not frump- 
ish. Maternity fashions, 
including underwear, are much 
more fashionable compared to 
10 to 15 years ago,” a spokes- 
woman said. 

Pregnancy Today, published by 
Campbell Keegan Limited, 
Walham House. Walham 
Grove. London SW6 IQP. 

decline in toe book value of 1 
their assets has been com- , 
pounded by the fact that most 
of their fend is tenanted and 
there is little prospect of any 
big increase in farm rents. 

For their part farmers are 
tightening their belts in the 
expectation of falling grain 
prices as a result of world 

Farmers’ organizations are 
in two minds about what is 
happening. On the one hand, 
they are mdmed to welcome 
toe fall in fend prices as a 
more realistic reflection of 
farm incomes. But, on the 
other hand, they are worried 
about the increasing number of 
bankruptcies among those 
who bought fend at the height 
of the boom, 

2 beaten 
for drug 

Two students in Sheffield 
were recovering last night 
after drug pedlars attacked 
them when they refused to buy 

Mr Paul Burke, aged 20. and 
Mr Lawrence Hegarty. aged 
19. both of Filey Street Shef- 
field. were approached by two 
youths as they returned home 
from a nightclub early on 
Sunday morning. 

When they refused to buy 
cannabis they were punched, 
kicked and battered with a 
brick. Mr Hcgany's nose was 
broken and his face and head 


Both men were treated at 
the Royal Hallamshire Hos- 
pital in Sheffield. 

“There was no motive for 
the attack, other than their 
refusal to buy drugs.” the 
police said. They were 
alarmed by the assault which 
may indicate a new readiness 
by drug dealers to use violence 
and intimidation. 

It is the second reported 
incident of people being at- 
tacked after refusing to buy 

Three weeks ago in the same 
area a Miss Clare Blackburn, 
aged 25. was injured when a 
blank-firing gun was dis- 
charged against her stomach 
after she and her boyfriend 
refused to buy drugs from a 
gang of eight youths. 

A youth has been charged in 
relation to the attack. 

Published at i&55 


Restaurant smokers breathe easy 

Most leading restaurants do 
not ban customers from smok- 
ing because complaints from 
non-smoking diners are rare, 
Kcwding to a poll conducted 
for toe Freedom Organisation 
for toe Right to Enjoy Smok- 

TP -i rwr. 

The Forest poll, held to 
determine public support for 
demands from anti-smoking 
poops, concludes that smok- 
ing in restaurants in Engl a n d 
*nd Wales is not a great 

.According to toe Harris 
foil, of 571 restaurants listed 
m toe 1986 Good Food Guide, 
l *stanrant owners rarely re- 
rebe smolting complaints. 

Among restaurants sampled 
'toere smoking was allowed. 

51 per cent of proprietors said 
that complaints were rare, 41 
percent said that they received 
occasional comments and 7 
per cent thought complaints 
from non-smokers were a 
regular event 

Of toe 571 restaurateurs 
sampled, 65 per cent did not 
operate any smoking restric- 
tions, 27 per cent restricted it 
in parts of the restaurant and 7 
per cent had a total ban. 

Mr Stephen Eyres, Forest 
director, said: “Despite the 
hullabaloo, most restaurant 
owners do not think smolting 
is a major problem. Bnt arti- 
ficial pressure ^whipped up 
by anti-smokers. 

He cited a restaurant in 
Weymouth, Dorset, which 

provided a se parate room for 
aon-smokers. “but only two 
customers used the facility in 
the daytime”. 

Dr Noel Olsen, honorary 
secretary of Action on Smok- 
ing and Health (Ash), said: 
“Only 38 per cent of adults 
smoke. The right of others to 
enjoy clean air should exceed 
the right of smokers to pollute 

The British Medical 
Association said: “Last year 
there were about 100,000 
deaths associated with smok- 
ing. Non-smokers are now in 
the majority and people should 
decide for themselves, in toe 
light of these facts, without 

★ 163,000 entries. 

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★ Each 11" x 8%". 

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Decisions on 
TV violence 
‘must remain 
with editors’ 

By Gavin Bell, Arts Correspondent 

^Reporters and editors 
should continue to decide 
whether to show scenes of 
horrific violence in television 
news because it would be 
wrong to impose statutory 
guidelines, a panel of broad- 
casters and an MP says. 

The panel at the Edinburgh 
International Television Fes- 
tival reached its conclusion 
yesterday after watching how 
British and American net- 
works edited 10 minutes of 
newsfilm of the disaster at the 
Heysel football stadium in 
Brussels last year. 

Mr Graham Bright Conser- 
vative MP for Luton South, 
was also invited to edit a two- 
minute film of the catas- 
trophe. It emerged as the most 
restrained because be cut two 
scenes of dying fans which be 
rdt went “a little too far”. 

He added, however “I am 
even more adamant now that 
you cannot legislate in what is 
essentially a question of taste 
and judgement 

”7111$ was a traumatic 
experience for me. Editors 
working under pressure obvi- 
ously have to take decisions 
by the seat of their pants. You 
simply cannot have barristers 
hovering around them in such 

Mr Jon Snow, of ITN, said 
he had been disturbed by the 
Heysel film, but that there was 
nothing in the original rushes 
that he would not have shown. 

“There was a desperate 
disaster that had to be re- 
ported and you’ve just got to 
use your expertise and pro- 
fessionalism to tell the story. If 
you deny viewers the opportu- 
nity to judge for themselves 
what's going on you begin to 
sanitize the real world.” 

He added, however, that he 
had seen some “unbelievably 
nasty” scenes in El Salvador 
that he fell he could not 
transmit “There is a set of 
basic responses to such 
things. 71 

Mr Paul Friedman, a direc- 
tor of ABC News, of the 
United States, agreed that, 
given the circumstances of the 
Heysd disaster, he had no 
objection to screening any of 
the scenes. 

He said he was more con- 
cerned about the antiseptic 
view of violence portrayed in 
entertainment programmes, 
in which murder was made 
more acceptable by reducing it 
to the image ofa bloodstain on 
a designer shirt. 

The most cautious broad- 
casting view came from Mr 
Chris Kramer, a BBC news 
editor, who considered certain 
Heysel sequences to be 

“It is a fact of life that a 
public Inroadcasting service 
must accept that some images 
they beam into homes ma 


5t accept mai some images 
i beam into homes may be 
ply disturbing to the nail, 
frightened and the four- 

The freeport experiment 

Advance hampered by Treasury’s tax rules 

Southampton's freeport is 
one of the most successful in 
Britain but it is little more 
than an international ware- 
house, not the tax and doty- 
free haven for job-aeating 
manufacturers envisaged by 
its creators. 

A new sign on the approach 
mad to tire zone proclaims: 
“Yon are now leaving the 
customs territory of the Euro- 
pean Community - welcome to 
Southampton Free Trade 
Zone.” It is displayed in 
warehouses and former ship- 
ping line offices by the River 

But in spite of optimistic 
marketing and competitive 
rates, Southampton loses 
trade to its European rivals, 
particularly Hamburg and 
Rotterdam, because tax and 
duty concessions allowed on 
the Continent are not available 

Championed by right-wing 
Academics, the freeport con- 
cept gained ground among 
backbench Conservative MFs 
and qekklywoa the support of 
the Government, which des- 
ignated six freeports in 1984 in 
Belfast, Birmingham, Cardiff, 
Liverpool and Prestwick and 

The idea a! a zone for the 
import, manufacture and ex- 
port of goods free from duty, 
taxes and bureaucracy was 
seen as a stimulant to indus- 
trial growth, bat the induce- 
ments have proved for from 
irresistible. Trade has been so 
slow that Prestwick, Belfast 
and Cardiff freeports are 
considering their future. 

“If yon ran a business in the 
way the Treasury ran free- 
ports you would very quickly 
not be in business”, Mr An- 
drew Kent, general manager of 
the Southampton freeport. 

Ming or processing goods from 
using British components. 
Customs and Excise argues 
that the 15 per cent VAT out 
be reclaimed but the process e» 
slow and bureaucratic 
Freeports are not free of 
excise duo and the Govern- 
ment has' refused to allow 
bonded warehouses within 
Southampton freeport, where 
goods such as tobacco and 
alcohol could be kept subject 
to a promise to pay the duty. 

However, the freeports do 
reap the substantial benefits^ of 
freedom from customs duties 
and quotas as well as import 
VAT. But those are not 
equivalent to foreign territory 
for customs purposes, a point 
that competitions exploit. A 
Spanish freeport. The Zona 
Franca de Cadiz, in a recent 
advertisement in The Econo- 
mist promised customers 
exemption from VAT, land 
excise and import duties. 

_ .. Southampton was the first 

Mr Andrew Kent, of Southampton freeport, who is losing business to European competitors. freeport to open io Britain. It 

employs 30 people and in the 
first 12 weeks it handled goods 

m i d . Customs and Excise 
officials often bore tire brunt of 
criticism about the constraints 
on freeports I or polking the 
VAT ami tax rules laid down 
by the Treasury, he said. 

Individual constraints ap- 
pear insignificant but when 
combined with the cautions, if 
not unwilling approach of Civil 
Servants to the experiment, 
the problems loom large. 

A case Blostrating the prob- 
lems was that of a prospective 
customer at Southampton wbo 
wanted a consignment of ciga- 
rette lighten, going from 
manufacturers in Japan to the 
Middle East, to be held at 
short notice in Europe. 

The free zone could meet the 
request at favourable rates but 
it bad to explain that the 
lighters would attract excise 

doty at 50p each, which could 
be reclaimed, but often months 
later. The customer went to 
Rotterdam freeport and saved 
his money. 

Mr Emit likes to show off 
the 30 flags from the countries 
his company has traded with 
in its first eight months and is 
confident of growing business 
as an international trading 
warehouse handling every- 
thing from pineapples from 
the Philippines to welding 
rods from Brazil. 

He said: “I Hunk that the 
expectation of Parliament in 
establishing the freeports was 
that they were setting up a 
classic freeport model bnt in 
fact that is not what they pot 
into effect What the Govern- 
ment has actually set up is an 
international trading regime.” 

Final finishing and relabel- 
ling goods for different coun- 
tries are potential areas for 
expansion but Mr Kent does 
not foresee manufacturers 
clamouring to work within 

worth £12 million through its 
500.000 square feet of 

Its shareholders; Trafalgar 
House, Kleinwort Benson, 
Associated British Ports and 

“Competitors ia Europe juj Cory, seem confident of 

SSSLTSSTS ^ conton^s^. 

which the Treasury refuses to 
give us. The cost would be 
absolutely nothing to the Ex- 
chequer. I'm not diappointed 
or annoyed, but speechless,” 
Mr Kent said. 

Freeport operators expected 
Treasury officials to see the 
logic of their requests but so 
ter there has been do hint of 
change. VAT regulations ap- 
ply in freeports as hi the rest of 
Britain, which effectively 
discourages anyone assero- 



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The zone has acres of vacant 
warehousing or dock develop- 
ment for expansion. There are 
no Immediate plans to use 
them as the future of the 
freeport experiment is care- 
fully monitored. The shape 
and role of the freeport in the 
future is uncertain but It Is 
dear the best bo 
and jobs rest with the 
raent at least allowing it to 
compete on equal terms with 
European rivals. 

Exam pass 
rates stay 

Pass rates for A and O level 
examinations show little 
change this year in spite of the 
year-long teachers' pay dis- 
pute which led to thousands of 
children missing lessons and 
receiving no homework (Lucy 
Hodges writes). 

Although some Scottish 
children taking the new Stan- 
dard grade examination were 
penalised by the teachers' 
action and ended up receiving 
a “no-award" certificate, the 
indications are that the rest of 
the United Kingdom re- 
mained relatively unaffected. 

Most of the GCE examina- 
tion boards report that there is 
no significant difference be- 
tween this year's and last 
year's pass rates. Indeed, in 
some cases they are better. 
The Welsh board's pass rate 
for A levels has risen to 73.7 
per cent from last year’s 72.6 
percent. The national average 
is 70 per cent. 

The University of London 
School Examinations Board 
has also shown improvement 
in its A level pass rate, up to 
74.7 per cent from last year’s 
74.5 percent. 

role for 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs 


Legal insurance companies 
arc making moves to provide 
people with the Mnd of adu« 
Key usually seek from 

W The?r* action comesafier a 
government scrutiny teams 
report on legal.aid 
[hat some advice should no 
longer be provided by 

soliciliofs. . _ . . „ 

The Legal Protection 
Group, a market leader in 
legal expenses insurance, is to 
write io the Lord Chancellor 
urging that such companies 
provide legal advice as well as 
filling the gap which wouMbe 
left S' an. v withdrawal of legal 

Mr Brian Raincock, manag* 
mg director of the group, says 
that a key feature of its policies 

is a .w-nour legal advice 

service. , 

It is provided to anyone tor 
a £10 fee- 

**The recent government 
scrutiny report suggests that 
citizens' advice bureaux take 
over much of the advice on 
civil mailers from solicitors. 
We would also like to be part 
of this service.” . 

The company has eight 
solicitors to handle such calls, 
as well as barristers, accoun- 
tants and industrial relations 
experts who will offer round- 
the-clock advice. 

The scrutiny report is being 
seen by legal expenses insur- 
ance companies as an in- 
centive to the private sector's 
role in providing legal 

It recommended that much 
civil legal advice be trans- 
ferred to the advice agencies 
and that legal aid no longer be 
available for such personal 
mailers as conveyancing and 

The Legal Protection Group 
will also provide cover for 
divorce as pan of its family 
policy. The premium is £80 a 
year with a total annual cover 
of £250.000. 

Divorce and its related dis- 
putes on custody and access to 
children and over property, is 
one of the biggest drains on 
the civil legal aid bill. 

Allianz Legal Protection 
which also boasts a 24-hour 
advice service for its policy 
holders, now offers cover for 
criminal prosecutions. 

The legal insurance com- 
panies want to discuss with 
the Law Society the pro- 
fessional practice rules, which 
restrict solicitors from work- 
ing wirh such companies and. 
at the same time, acting 
for members of the public. 

The companies' 24-hour ad- 
vice services could be re- 
garded as being in breach of 
these rules. 

“We would ultimately like 
to employ our own team of 
solicitors to handle the routine 
claims”. Mr Raincock says. 

While the Law Society is 
prepared to establish, its own 
panels of experts, as it has 
done in the case of mental 
health and child care, it is 
likely to take a dim view of 
such panels being assembled 
by outside bodies. 

Free newspapers: 2 

Battle for share of 
advertising cake 

Free newspapers are enjoying a success unparalleled 
since the heyday of the national daily tabloids. Mark 
EUis, in the second of two articles, looks at the 
problems success brings and possible developments for 
the future. 



The phenomenal growth of 
free newspapers is expected to 
reach its peak within a few 
years as the total amount of 
advertisers’ money to be di- 
vided between the media 
stretched to the limit 

In the past decade 

regional press has lost a lot of 
advertising revenue while tele- 
vision and free newspapers 
have captured increasing 
shares of the market 

Advertising Association 
statistics show that between 
1975 and 1984 regional dailies 
lost 6.5 per cent of revenue 
and paid-for weeklies saw 3.7 
per cent* of the total share 

There is little doubt that 
free titles mopped up most of 
that revenue as advertisers 
tried and apparently liked the 
new medium. Bui better 
advertising rates through in- 
creased competition and loy- 
alty to paid-for papers are 
likely to stem the flow. 

Critics challenge some free 
newspapers’ commitment to 
the industry. They make big 
profits, but are said to fail to 
provide staff training courses 
recognized by the printing and 
publishing training boards 
and neglect local papers’ 
fractional role in providing a 
community service. 

Mr Norman Walker, deputy 

director of the Newspaper 
Spciety, which represents 
Britain s regional Press, said: 
“Some free newspapers are 
very- very good and the 
society thinks they arc here to 

“Free newspapers are a 
dynamic in the market place 
that cannot be ignored. Thev 
have nor put members out of 
business, but they have 
sharpened up traditional atti- 

tudes and some papers have 
converted to being free.” 

Mr Walker said his society 
was disturbed about develop- 
ments in the property and car 
advertising market, where 
competition is cut-throat. 

i tftis year Sheffield's 

130-year-old Morning Tcte- 
graph newspaper closed with 
tiie loss of 240 jobs. It had lost 
revenue from estate agents to 

advmi < sing 0nfcring CUH,rice 

. Th ®5 ee publishing industry 
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Aid for Cameroon gas victims 

Peres aims to restore ties 

Yaounde (Reuter) — Mr 
Shimon Pens, the Israeli 
Prime ’ Minister, arrived in 
Cameroon yesterday for a 
visit expected to restore dip- 
lomatic ties and, in a goodwill 
gesture, brought aid after a 
disaster said to have killed 
more than 2,000 people. 

On board Mr Peres’s Israeli 
Air Force plane was a 16-man 
medical team to treat victims 
of seeping volcanic gas near 
Lake Nips, about 240 miks 
north-west of Yaounde 
The toxic gas wiped out the 
entire population of a village, 
travellers returning from the 
area said. There 1ms been no 
official death toll issued rinse 
stale radio reported 40 
on Saturday. 

Dr Michael Wiener, head of 
die Israeli team, said before 
leaving for the disaster area 
that they had brought respi- 
ratory equipment, medicine 
and oxygen tanks to treat gas 
victims. A French rescue team 
also arrived yesterday. 

Despite the national dis- 
aster, Mr Peres was greeted by 
huge crowds of singing and 
dancing Cameroonians, many 
wearing traditional grass skirts 
or colorful robes embossed 
with pictures of President 

Mr Peres's highly-publi- 
cized visit, the first by an 
Israeli prime minister to Af- 
rica for 20 years, underscored 
Israel's efforts to regain the 
foothold it lost in Africa when 
29 countries abruptly severed 
relations during the 1973 Mid- 
dle East War. 

Cameroon win be the fourth 
country to -renew ties with 
Israel, following Zaire, Liberia 
and the Ivory Coast, which 
have lifted their boycott since 
Israel returned the Sinai desert 
to Egypt in 1982. 

Mr Peres said that his 
summit with King Hassan of 
Morocco last month had 
prompted President Biya to 
respond to Israel's long-stand- 
ing efforts to renew ties. 

“As far as I know, the 
President made his final de- 
cision to renew relations after 


{ 0/ 

i , 


; . v 7? 

. V - * » A 

Mr Peres, the Israeli Prime Minister, being greeted by President Biya of Cameroon, 
the Moroccan summit, which world policy vis-d-vis South very short time in geology.” 

encouraged him,” he said. 

Expecting tough questions 
from President Biya on 
Israel’s close ties with South 
Africa, Mr Peres said his 
country would abide by any 
UN resolution against the 
Pretoria Government. 

“If the United Nations 
makes decisions. Israel will 
adhere to them too,” be said- 
He added that Israel con- 
demned apartheid but was too 
overwhelmed by its own prob- 
lems to lead world efforts 
against Pretoria. 

“We don’t consider our- 

Africa,” be said. 

• LONDON: A British geolo- 
gist said that the gas leak was 
caused by carbon dioxide 
suddenly being released after 
building up in a volcanic lake- 
bed (Reuter reports). 

Mr Godfrey Fitton, who 
specializes in Cameroon vol- 
canoes, said from Edinburgh 
University; “It's very unusuaL 
I've never heard of that 
happening anywhere else. 

“Perhaps it only happens in 
that region because of a 
combination of lake-filled era- 



■eties a ^ a “ d0 .? 

: Gulf oil 

From Robert Fisk 


• The Iraqi Air Force raid on 
r the Iranian oil loading termi- 
nal at Sirri i^hnH in the Golf 
two weeks ago, in which two 
supertankers were destroyed 
and more than 20 seamen 
killed, turns out to have been 
so serious that Iran 1ms aban- 
doned the fheflity and trans- 
ferred its oil export terminal to 
Lacak island, more than 120 
miles further east, in the 
choppy waters near the mouth 
of the Gulf 

All foreign tankers loading 
Iranian crude oil are now 
being directed to Larak, where 
ground-to-air missiles around 
the Bandar Abbas naval base 
provide better defence against 
a further Iraqi attack. ( 

Iranian exports of crude oil ■ 
have fallen from an average of i 
1.6 million to 13. million . 
barrels a day since the Sim 1 
island raid. , 

Further Iraqi air attacks ■ 
against the oil terminal at 
Kharg island, which is less ■ 
than 100 miles from the Gulf J 
war front lines, have caused 
such devastation that 1 1 of the 
14 oil-loading berths there 
have had to be abandoned. ’ 

Iran has been ferrying its ofl 
ery short time in geology.” from Kharg to Sirri, and now 
At least 35 people were to Larak, m order to avoid 
killed by a similar leak in Iraqi air attacks against fbr- 
August 1984 at the town of eign supertankers. 


Bonn to tackle Break-in 
refugee influx charges 

From Frank Johnson, Bonn MV OlVG 

The West German Cabinet many in the Social Demo- _ 


“It's very much like that 
incident,'' Mr Fitton said. 
“These small volcanic cones 
are now extinct but volcanic 
gas continues to seep through, 
then escapes. 

“Anyone jiving around or 
near it becomes suffocated.” 

He explained that because it 
was under water the gas built 
up instead of gently seeping 
through. He said it was very 

selves a global leader and we cent volcanic activity in the 
don't feel it is for us to make' last million years — that's a 

ters. tropical climate and re- unlikely the leak could be a 
cent volcanic activity in the signal of a coming volcanic 


Little chance for anyone to escape 

The victims of the gas 
emission would have had little 
chance of escape. 

If, as Edinburgh University 
volcanologist Dr Godfrey 
Fitton believes the gas was 
carbon dioxide the colourless, 
odourless doud would have 
suffocated them before they 
had a chance to detect it 
Cameroon State Radio said 
hydrogen sophide “rotten egg” 
gas a highly trade product of 

even at km concentrations.’* 
Dr Fitton, who specialises in 
Cameroonian volcanoes said it 
was likely the carbon dioxide 
dond contained hydrogen 
sulphide. *Tt is academic 
which killed them first.** 

“The gases are heavier tfwn 
air and would collect in pock- 
ets -anyone going into die area 
would need mill breathing 
equipment,” be said. 

The area around Lake Ncos 

volcanic activity, also -formed- supports many small scattered 
during organic decay, was settlements of grass huts of 

bubbling out of the hlct. 
Seismic activity had been re- 
cently registered in the area. 

“It can kiU within a 
minute,” said science wr it er 
Mr Keith Hindley. 

“By the time yon smeD it, it 
is already very dangerous. 

100 to 200 people spread along 
river vaDies and clustered 
around the volcanic lakes that 
dot the region. 

Volcanoes have shaped the 
terrain leaving a spine of 
rounded mountains and hills 
stretching from cload-es- 

shronded Mount Cameroon 
near the Atlantic coast to the 
Nigerian border 200 miles to 
the north. 

The last recorded eruptions 
of Mt Cameroon were an 
explosion in 1954 and in 1959 
when lava was expelled. 

But inland the volcanoes are 
long extinct and their legacy of 
fertile soils has made the 
region, formerly West Cam- 
eroon, among the most popu- 
lous in West Africa. 

Dr Fitton said the area 
around Worn, which has a 
population of some 10,000. 
was largely undeveloped with 

people were poisoned by fumes 
from a iake in a volcanic crater 
in Djlndoora, part of the same 
mountain rhaiii- 

“These small volcanic cones 
are now extinct but volcanic 
gas con throes to seep through, 
then escapes,” he said. 

“Anyone living around or 
near becomes suffocated.” 

“It is very unussaL I've 
never beard of that happening 
anywhere else.” 

Dr Fitton said it was very i 
unlikely the leak could be a 
signal of a coming volcanic . 
eruption. Volcanoes in the I 

tiie poulation dependent on area had not been active in 


Dr Fitton said the incident 
was similar to a gas emission 
in August, 1984, in which 36 

thousands of years and the gas 
was more likely to be from an 
extinct volcano rather than 
from one becoming active. 

Better off than most West African states 

Weather conditions at Lar- 
ak are a considerable hin- 
drance to ofl loading. Iran has 
I moored a series of “mother 
ships” for oil storage around 
the island, after towing the 
hulks down from Sirri, where 
they were already scattered 
across 60 miles of sea to lessen 
the impact of another Iraqi 
attack. But rough seas and 
tides prevented loading for 
several days at the start of 

Indeed, there is now 
speculation among the Arab 
oil states that the Iranians may 
soon abandon loading in the 
Gulf altogether and ferry their 
oil through the Straits of 
Hormuz in their own tankers 
transferring the erode at sea to 
foreign vessels. 

At present, the Iranians are 
believed to .be uring right or 
nine of their own tankers as 
shuttles from Kharg island, 
repairing them after attack. 

According to the Middle 
East Economic Survey, the 
weekly journal of oil and 
banking, Iranian oil exports 
have averaged only 600,000 
barrels a-day since the Sirri 
anadq-atirop of more than 50 
per cent in two weeks, but 
Bahrain oil sources discount 
this figure. 

meets today in an effort to be craiic (SPD) opposition are 
semi to be doing something saying the conservatives — 
about tile continuing influx Chancellor Kohl's Christian 
into West Germany via East Democrats (CDU) and their 
Berlin of Third World asylum allies, the Bavarian Christian 
seekers. Social Union (CSU) - are 1 

The flood of refugees has preparing to make the matter 
become the biggest political an issue in the January general 
issue in the country, dominat- election campaign by imply- j 
ing the headlines and tele- ing that the SPD is against 
virion throughout August tough measures which would 
In the past few days Ger- stop the influx, 
mans have started to take the tv, rirn . . , c 
solution of the problem into Wrcf e ( J^ ecn . from 

their own hands. Yesietday 

people on a council estate m H? ‘f "‘l? 

Stuttgirt surrounded a block 5?™ 

of flats when thev heard it was Lrei maa past, and in the need 

asylum seekers. They said ?!“ 

SU&St'TnS — — 

week villagers in three dif- These laws are part of the 
fenrnt part of the country used Federal Republic's con- 
tractors and barricades to seal stituuon. which was drafted in 
off buildings rumoured to be the late 1940s, when it was as- 
destined for the same use. sumed that anyone coming 
Politicians of all parties be- from East Berlin would be 
iieve that the situation is German. Since then the F-ggt 
getting out of hand. Germans have discovert this 

Chancellor Kohl said the method of burdening the West 
situation could no be accepted Germans, and of making 
indefinitely. All proposals for money for Communist bloc 
a solution most be examined airlines from Third World 
jointly by aU parties. But asylum seekers. 

Tamils not put at 
risk, captain says 

By Our Foreign Staff 

The West German captain meat on the affair, saying he 
of a Hondaran-registered ship bad talked to his West Ger- 
allegediy involved in the trans- man lawyer. But when asked 
port of more than 150 Tamil about the safety of the refit- 
refugees to Canada refused gees, he said: “As a captain 
yesterday to comment on re- and navigator, I p>» say from 
ports that he had lowered two my view that they had a 
lifeboat toads of refugees into compass and it was 100 per 
the sea off Newfoundland. cent safe.” 

In a brief telephone “I did everything to save the 

conversation with AP, Captain lives of the people,” he said. 
Wolfgang Bindel refused to Police in Hamburg have 
confirm that he had spoken to ttid Captain Bindel was paid 
a reporter from tire Toronto $500,000 (£33S£00) to smng- 
Star on Sunday. gle the Tamil refugees from 

“No comment, no comment,’ We *f. Gerumny to Canada. In 
see me in Bremer haven,” Cap- \ 

tain Bindel said, thenhnns no Captain Bindel 

the phone. ^ P had never brought 

v any Tamils to c«itaii» 

Bnt the Toronto Star said it . It has been reported from 
had interviewed him on Son- Elsfleth, 24 m»im north of 
day_ on _ board his ship, Bremen, that Captain Binders 
Anrigae, In the Canary Island wife bought a large quantity of 
port of Las Palmas. groceries a few days before the 

At first he refused afi com- voyage. 

meat on the affair, saying he 
had talked to his West Ger- 
man lawyer. But when asked 
about the safety of the refu- 
gees, he said: “As a captain 
and navigator, I can say from 
my view that they had a 
compass and it was 100 per 
cent safe.” 

“I did everything to save the i 
lives of the people,” he said. 

Police in Hamburg have 
said Captain Bindel was paid 
$500,000 (£3354*00) to smug- 
gle the Tamil refugees from 
West Germany to Canarfq in 
a ship-to-shore interview on 
August 15, Captain Bindel 
claimed he had never brought 
any Tamils tO Canada 

It has been reported from 
Elsfleth, 24 miles north of 
Bremen, that Captain Binders 
wife bought a large quantity of 
groceries a few days before the 

Woman may soon lead 
Japanese Socialists 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

The Japan Socialist Party chances after its disastrous 

These are the key facts 
about Cameroon (compiled by 

• Population: About 10 mil- 
lion in some 200 ethnic 

• Language: Around 80 Af- 
rican languages as well as 
French and English. 

• Religion: Islam, Christian- 
ity ana animism. 

• Area: 183,000 sq miles bor- 
dered by Nigeria, Chad, Cen- 
tral African Republic, Congo, 
Gabon, and Equatorial Guin- 

• Capital: Yaounde (popula- 
tion 500,000). 

• Armed forces: The Army of 

US 6 set for 
new strike 
on Libya’ 

From Michael Binyon 

The United States believes 
Libya is about to embark on 
new terrorist actions and must 
be taught another lesson, the 
Wall Street Journal prom- 
inently reported yesterday. 

The Pentagon has therefore 
completed plans for a new and 
larger bombing of Libya in 
case President Reagan orders 
it, the newspaper said in a 
front-page article which quot- 
ed intelligence sources. 

“Growing evidence suggests 
the bombing hasn't ended 
Libyan-sponsored terrorism,” 
the newspaper said. “After a 
lull. Colonel Gadaffi has be- 
gun plotting new terrorist 
attacks. US and West Euro- 
pean intelligence officials say. 
And the Reagan Administra- 
tion is preparing to teach the 
mercurial Libyan leader an- 
other lesson ” 

Officials told the newspaper 
that Libyan involvement was 
found in recent terrorist plots 
in Cyprus and Berlin. 

There were growing signs 
that Libya was expanding its , 
terrorism beyond its People’s , 
Bureaux, and Libyan airline 
offices, cultural centres and 
trading companies in Africa, 
Europe and the Middle East 
bad begun recanting “local 
thugs” to attack US and 
European diplomats and bus- 

The reports come as the US ( 
and Egypt have begun joint 

6,600 men has one battalion product per bead is about 
each of armoured cars, para- £545 (World Bank: 1983) — 

troops and engineers. It has 
four infantry battalions, five 
field and six artillery batteries. 

The Navy, with 350 men, 
has three fast attack craft, nine 
coastal patrol craft, eight land- 
ing craft and six assault craft. 

product per bead is about deposed the German gover- 

£545 (World Bank: 1983) — nor. 

one of the highest figures in ' After the First World War, 





West Africa. 

Its main exports are oil, 
cocoa, coffee, timber and 

Total disbursed external 
debt is around £1 .2 billion and 

The Air Force, also with 350 debt service absorbs only 13 
men, has six Alpha jet ground per cent of export earnings, 
attack fighters, four counter- • Modern history: Indepen- 
insurgency M agister aircraft, dence was gained m 1 960 after 

several transport aircraft and 
nine helicopters, including 
four Gazelles with anti-tank 
guided weapons. 

Cameroon also has a 5,000- 
strong paramilitary force. 

• Economy: Gross national 

a history of successive colo- 
nial rulers. 

Germany established the 
protectorate of Kamerun in 
1884 and ruled it until 1916 
when the combined French, 
British and Belgian forces 

Russians display 
nuclear ‘volcano’ 

Continued from page 1 

assembled the most reliable 
data possible about a complex 
situation. They relied on 
“computer modelling” for 
information on many of the 
events after foe accident be- 
cause instruments had been 

The scientists could only 
recreate the conditions by 
tracing back from measure- 
ments of radioactive release to 
determine events that had 
taken place. 

He said: “We will be grate- 
ful for constructive ideas and 
proposals for limiting foe con- 
sequences of foe accident, and 
for improving foe efficiency of 

“We are prepared for criti- 
cal and constructive advice on 
the reliability of nuclear power 
plants. We want a discussion 
on why large accidents have 
taken place in nuclear power 
plants and, for that matter, in 
other large technological in- 

Professor Legasov said that 
while recognizing foe serious- 
ness to the Soviet Union of 
such a great radiation acci- 
dent, it was even more bur- 
densome to foe local people. 

Nevertheless, even such a 
catastrophic event could not 
stop foe further use of nuclear 
energy. He said the Soviet 
Union saw one road ahead. It 
was one of international co- 
operation to improve design, 
construction and operation of 
all potentially dangerous laige 

The director-general of the 

International Atomic Energy 
Agency, Dr Hans Blix, who 
had arranged foe meeting, said 
foe gathering was not directed 
at foe public. It was a meeting 
of experts, talking foe lan- 
guage of experts. However, 
next month foe agency would 
hold a conference that would 
pro vide a genera] debate about 
the roles of nuclear power in 
the mixture of energy re- 

Dr Blix said: “It is true that 
many of foe lessons to be 
drawn from the accident are 
specific for the type of reactor. 
Nevertheless, an understand- 
ing of foe physical and chemi- 
cal process of the accident wall 
contribute to our common 
fund of nuclear knowledge. 

“There will be many aspects 
of the accident — including , the 
human actions leading to it — 
and of the operations to con- 
tain it that will be directly use- 
ful to the world to learn about 

“In the nuclear as in other 
fields, mankind proceeds and 
progresses by trial and error. 
Considering the consequences 
of errors in foe nuclear field it 
is vitally important that we 
learn from each of them.” 

He said: “The accident at 
Chernobyl has already led to 
the International Atomic En- 
ergy Agency proposing new 
forms of co-operation to pro- 
mote nuclear safety. Hie first 

the colony was divided be- 
tween Britain and Fiance. 

In 1961, a year after the ' 
French part of the country 
became independent, most of 
the British Cameroons opted 
to join foe federation of 
Nigeria, while the southern 
Cameroons voted to join foe 
new republic, which was de- 
clared in 1971 

Mr Amadou Ahidjo was 
President from 1960 until 
1982 when be handed over 
power to Mr Paul Biya, the 
current leader. 

Basques may 
see violence 
as legitimate 

Madrid — The former presi- 
dent of the Basque Regional 
Government Senor Carlos 
Garaikoetxea, yesterday said 
some Basques might consider 
violence legitimate, since they 
had not been allowed foe right 
of self-determination (Harry 
Debeh'us writes). He said he 
favoured negotiating with Eta, 
claiming “the political solu- 
tion is the only way out” 

may soon boast the country's 
firsl woman leader of an 
important political party. 

Miss Takako Doi filed ha- 
candidacy yesterday and is 
likely to win the leadership 
when the 85.000 registered 
party members vole next 

Miss Doi. aged 57. who has 
degrees in both English and 
law. owes her unexpected 
chance at the leadership to the 
former chairman. Mr Masashi 
Ishibashi. who resigned to 
improve the party's electoral 

showing in the July polls. 
Then it lost 27 scats to record 
a record low level of 85 in foe 

Miss academic turn- 
ed activist, is a Socialist of 
firm conviction and a 
constitutional expert who has 
dedicated her life to politics. 

With the ruling party talk- 
ing of revising the constitution 
to write out some of its liberal 
elements, a victory for Miss 
Doi would come at an oppor- 
tune moment for the Oppo- 

Progress on nuclear warning 

From Alan McGregor 

A further step towards set- 
ting up “nuclear risk reduc- 
tion centres” in Moscow and 
Washington has been taken 
with a meeting here yesterday 
between US and Soviet 

A communique from foe 
delegations, beaded by Mr 
Richard Perie, US Assistant 
Defence Secretary, and Mr 
Alexei Obukhov, the Soviet 
negotiator in the strategic 
arms talks, said merely that 
the two sides “have agreed to 
maintain confidentiality with 
regard to these discussions”. 

The concept of the centres is 
such that the two super- 
powers can apply it without 
prejudice to their continuing 
military preoccupations. 

Essentially, it is to supple- 
ment foe hot line emergency 
link between the White House 
and the Kremlin — itself now 
being technically improved — 
with a continuing exchange of 

advance explanatory informa- 
tion on military moves ca- 
pable of misinterpretation. 

The intention appears to be 
to have an agreement on 
establishing foe centres, with 
adequate bilingual staff mem- 
bers, ready for signature at the. 
Reagan-Gorbachov summit 

• MOSCOW: The United 
States and the Soviet Union 
have still not discussed any 
specific dates for foe next 
superpower summit, Mr Yuli 
Vorontsov, the First Deputy 
Foreign Minister, said (AP I 

| Israel 

r Valley Stream, New York 
i (AP) - An Israeli Govem- 
: meat employee and the presi- 
r dent of a computer company 
1 have been arrested on charges 
- of trying to break into a 
t building bousing two techno^ 

[ ogy-relared businesses. 

Nassau County police, act- 
ing on a tip. staked out the 
1 building at foe weekend and . 
1 watched foe men for two 
| hours before arresting them as ' 
they tried to pry off a skylight. 

*■ William Longfellow, 24, of 
Avon Lake, Ohio, and Ronea' 
Tidhar. 25, an Israeli national-,; 
living in New York, were' 
charged with attempted 4 

Longfellow is owner and.' 
president of Ohio Western 
World Transformers Inc_ 
which sells almost exclusively 
to the US Government. Police 
said Tidhar was a procure- 
ment officer for IsraeL 

Tunnel talk 

Copenhagen (Reuter) — 
Denmark and Sweden have, 
opened talks on building a 
bridge or tunnel link between . 
foe two countries across foe 
narrow stretch of water be- 
tween Elsinore and Helsing- 
botg and from Copenhagen to 

Sudden trip 

Bonn (Reuter) — President . 
Mitterrand will make a pri- 
vate visit to West Germany 
today to confer with Chan- 
cellor Kohl of West Germany, - 
it was announced yesterday. 

Jackson tour 

Dar es Salaam (AFP) - The 
American civil rights leader, 
the Rev Jesse Jackson, trav- 
elled to Dodoma in central 
Tanzania for talks with Presi- 
dent Ali Hassan Mwinyi and 
Dr Julius Nyerere. 

Ortega visit 

Belgrade (AFP) - President 
Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua 
arrived here for three days of 
talks with President Smart 
Hasani and other Yugoslav 

Draft dodgers 

Tehran (Reuter) — A gang 
that forged Iranian military 
service termination cards and 
sold them for up to £50,000 
each has been broken up, a 
spokesman of foe Tehran 
prosecutor’s office said. 

Huge haul 

Delhi (AFP) — Bombay 
police made the world’s sec- 
ond-largest drugs haul foisi 
year when they seized l,038Ur 
of heroin and 2^90Ib of 
hashish worth 50 million dol- 
lars on New York's so-called 
wholesale market. 

Plane plan 

Jakarta (AFP) — The Indo- 
nesian aircraft company, 
Nusamara, is to design and 
produce a 90-seater advanced 
aircraft in a joint project with 
Boeing (US), Messerschmiu 
Bolkow Blohm (West Ger- 
many), and Fokker (The 

Naval permit 

Tokyo (Reuter) — North 
Korea has told Moscow its 
naval ships may visit Nampo 
port on foe west coast of 
North Korea, a further sign of 
growing military links be- 
tween foe two countries. 

viet Union remained in fa- 
vour of a new summit, as long 
as it produced “serious agree- 
ments on disarmament”. 

But he said only that 
preparations were under way 
for the September 1 9-20 meet- 
ing between Mr George 
Shultz, the US Secretary of 
State, and Mr Eduard Shev- 
ardnadze, the Soviet Foreign 
Minister, which is to prepare 
an agenda for the next summit 
between President Reagan 
and Mr Gorbachov, foe Soviet 

The Washington Post re- 
ported last week that Soviet 
and US officials had discussed 
holding a second summit be- 
Mr Vorontsov: no specific tween November 17 and 
dates discussed for summit. December 5. 

Foreign Minister, said (AP tween foe two countries. 

Mr Vorontsov said foe So- Olilfl llS DlC21 
viet Union remained in fa- 

vour of a new summit as lone . Geneva (AP) — The head of 

Mediterranean now clean and safe for swimmers 

From Mario Modutno 

Millions of tourists swarm- 
ing over sun-drenched sandy 
Mediterranean beaches this 
year are in for a pleasant 
surprise: the sea isdeaner and 
safer for swimmers than at any 
other time in the past decade. 
What is more, the jellyfish are 
nearly all gone. 

Confirmation that firings 
are getting better in the sea 
that ecologists once chimed 
was doomed came from sci- 
entists and officials of die 
United Nations Esviromnent 
Programme (Unep), who run 
file Athens headquarters of its 
Mediterranean Action Plan. 

“Deterioration has bees 
halted,” says Dr AMo Manos, 
die Italian lawyer who is the 
plan's co-ordinator. Progress 
has, however, been slow ba- 

the repository for refuse of the 
people l i v in g along its coast- 

Industrial and agrknltaral 
waste, as well as the sewage of 
its 18 coastal states, accounted 
for 85 per cent of all poOntion 
entering the Mediterranean. 
It indaded c hem i ca l sub- 
stances, some of them radio- 
active or poisonous, deter- 
gents, pesticides, ofl and 
organic pollutants, as well as 
pathogenic bacteria. 

It was not nntfl 1974 that 
the peoples of the Mediterra- 
nean began sizing vp the mag- 
nitude of tin wflntion profckin 
and its hazards. Under United 
Nations goading they joined 
forces, often brushing aside 

Dr Manos, before the Medi- 
terranean Action Plan was 
hunched abort one-third of 
beaches had become unsafe for 

swimmers. “Today, only one 
out of five is unhealthy and the 
proportion is rapidly 
deduring,” he said. 

Athens is b uilding an im- 
mense sewage treatment plant. 

Istanbul is spending £130 mfl- 
fion to dean np its Golden 
Horn and Tel Aviv now has a 

phase, comparable facilities 
wifl be extended to the 600 
Mediterranean towns which 
have 10,000 people or more. 

foe World Wildlife Fund has 
urged Austrian authorities to 
confiscate 20 wild chimpan- 
zees imported from Sierra 
Leone by a pharmaceuticals 
company for use m research. 

Plot foiled 

Bilbao (Reuter) — A bomb 
squad defused a bomb found 
by a paramilitary Civil Guard 
planted under his car by 
suspected separatist guerrillas. 

Death walk 

Fore bia (Reuter) — A 57- 

S -old woman was killed by 
□g masonry as she walked 
past a house being rebuilt in 
Forchia, near Naples, after an 
earthquake six years ago. 

Balloon blaze - 

Hong Kong (Reuter) — Five 
photographers taking pictures ' 
of a factory were killed when . , 
[their balloon caught fire and 
(crashed in the east China city- 
iof Nanjing. 

Last week the Medi terra- (crashed in the east Chit 
nean Treaty on Specialty Pro- sof Nanjing, 
tected Areas went into effect, 

malting governments res pons- gxf nvAC 

ible for measures to protect U1 

due for measures to protect 
about 500 species endangered 
by po Ration and human ag- 
gressiveness — the sea turtle, 

bilateral animosity, and de- improve its coastal environ- 
cided to act— first by monitor- meat and five times as much to 

nhnt Nflrik Gfr the monk seal, the Dalmatian 

brift or are in the process of Cowan red deer among 
tmflding plants. omers * 

A Unep team was recently in Perhaps the only disappear- 

Alexandria to discuss plans ance that might not be regret- 
for sewage disposal. ted, except by the sea turtle | 

Spain spent £30 million to wh kh deroars it as a delicacy, 

covering early notification of canse poOutioo was advanced 
nuclear accidents, and another and there is no mirade core. 

providing for assistance in the 
case of a nuclear accident or 
emergency, should be adopted 
next month." 

The Mediterranean, a dos- 
ed Sea, can replenish its waters 
once every 80 years. Yet for 
thousands of years it smed as 

ing the sitoatioa, then htack- 
iisting noxious substances, 
ami finally by co*ordinatiBg 
the protection of marine life 
and beaches. 

At a meeting in Genoa last 
year they agreed for the first 
time on quality criteria for 
bathing waters. According to 

provide water, sanitation and 
sewerage tote 181 Mediterra- 
nean communities. 

At the Genoa meeting the 
Mediterranean governments 
pledged to bnfld sewage treat- 
ment plants in all 90 coastal 
cities of more than 100,000 
inha bitant*, in a second 

Perhaps the only disappear- 
ance that might not be regret- 
ted, except by the sea turtle 
which devours ft as a delicacy, 
is that of the jellyfish. After 
harassing bathers in the early 
1980s with stinging persis- 
tence they have suddenly van- 
ished. Experts say their 
disappearance is related less 
to efforts to combat pollution 
than to the possibility that the 

current jellyfish generation 
has readied the end iff its 
biological cyde. 

Delhi (AP) — The Indian 
Prime Minister, Mr Rajiv. * 
Gandhi, and his Italian-born 
wife, Sonia, signed a pledge to ■ _ 
donate posthumously their-- 
eyes to the National Eye Bank. ' 

Free market .. 

Peking (AP) — Most urban" 
Chinese bought vegetables 
from free markets rather than 
state-run shops in the first half 
of this year, foe China Daily 

Flying again 

Khartoum (Reuter) — Pilots 
of Sudan Airways ended a 
one-day strike after the Gov- 
ernment reversed a decision to 
suspend them from work. 

Australia locked in nuclear debate 

Aborigines granted 
tests compensation 

Aborigines with links to the 
Maralinga area, where Britain 
held nuclear tests in the 1950s 
and 1960s, are to receive an 
initial compensation payment 
of $Aus500,000 (£200,000) 
from the Australian Govern* 

Canberra said the payment 
was in line with the recom- 
mendation of the Royal 
Commission on British Nuc- 
lear Tests in Australia. 

The commission, headed by 
Mr Justice James McClelland, 
last year found that Australia 
should bear the cost of 
compensating Aborigines for 
the dislocation caused by the 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

tests, while Britain should pay 
for the restoration of the 
Maralinga site to a state fit for 
unrestricted habitation. 

Britain has been asked to 
contribute SAusl milli on to 
the cost of studies on how best 
to dean up the site, but has not 
yet responded publicly. 

The payment announced by 
Canberra was said to be for 
roads, communications and a 
water supply for around 450 
Aborigines, who were among 
those displaced by the tests 
but who have since returned 
to their traditional areas 
within 80 miles of the 

contaminated test site. 

A government spokesman 
said the payment was not a 
once-and-for-all settlement. 
Further compensation would 
be considered once the future 
of the range had been decided 
in the light of dean-up 

An interim report by British 
and Australian scientists who 
made an initial clean-up 
study, will be the basis for a 
government policy statement 
next month by Senator Gareth 
Evans, the Energy Minister, 
who will then take Canberra’s 
position to Loudon for further 

Hawke under fire over decision 
to resume French uranium sales 

Members of the women’s wing of the Pakistan People’s Party taking part in a protest rally in Karachi to demand die release 
of Miss Benazir Bhutto, the party leader, who is being held m a local jaiL 

Pakistan opposition rebuffs Junejo 

From Our Correspondent, Sydney 

Mr Bob Hawke, the Austra- 
lian Prime Minister, yesterday 
began a three-week trip 
around the country to sell his 
Government's austerity bud- 
get which aims to slice $Aus3 
billion (about £1.2 billion) 
from public spending. 

The task will be no small 
test of the Hawke leadership, 
in the face of hostility to 
welfare cuts and the plan to 
discount wage increases by 
about half. 

So far, however, the most 
bitter opposition to the budget 
has come not from the average 
voter, but from the left wing of 
Mr Hawke's Australian Labor 
Party (ALP), which is thor- 
oughly incensed by his plan to 
resume the sale of uranium to 

In a climate induced by 
French nuclear testing in the 
Parific. the uranium ban has 

been a rallying cry for Labor, 
comparable to Wellington's 
ban on nuclear ships, which 
gave rise to the Anzus dispute. 

The budget announcement 
that this sanction against 
France was being abandoned, 
because it had been ineffective 
and would save SAus66m, 
provoked a furore within La- 
bor which has still to run its 

The left intends to challenge 
Mr Hawke at a meeting of the 
national executive on Septem- 
ber 12, on the grounds that his 
decision flies in the face of 
party policy, and both the 
Liberal opposition and Labor 
dissidents have started 
questioning his justification 
for pursuing sanctions against 
South Africa. 

A number of state party 
officials are so incensed that 
they have resigned, as has one 

senior Hawke aide. The issue 
is reported to have started a 
braw] at a Labor meeting in 
Queensland at the weekend. 

Passion is not confined to 
the left, however. Mr Bill 
Hayden, the influential For- 
eign Minister who leads a 
centre-left faction, was report- 
edly so upset by the uranium 
proposal that he offered to 
find savings of $Aus66m in 
his own department rather 
than see sales to Paris resume. 

But Mr Hawke has over- 
come the firs: obstacle. The 
Labor caucus in Canberra 
gave its approval by 74 votes 
to 42 after he reportedly 
warned that failure to endorse 
uranium sales along with the 
remainder of the budget pack- 
age would bring down the 
Government-But he is by no 
means out of trouble yet. 

From Hasan Akhter 

Mama ha «l 

The opposition group in 
Pakistan's Parliament, at its 
weekend meeting in Lahore, 
decided to reject the invitation 
issued by Mr Muhammad 
Khan Junejo, the Prime Min- 
ister, to the group’s members 
from the Punjab for exclusive 
talks on the political situation. 

Mr Fakhr Imam, the leader 
of the parliamentary oppo- 
sition group, said on Sunday 
that, while the group appre- 

ciated the Prime Minister's, 
initiative^ it believed that it 
should be extended to all 
opposition members. 

He said the growing de- 
mand by the opposition out- 
side Parliament for mid-term 
polls was a national issue. 

Mr Junejo, who is from 
Sind province, should invite 
members from the three other 
provinces as well, and meet 
the opposition outside Par- 
liament, Mr Imam said. 

He said that the Govern- 

ment was responsible for 
precipitating the present poli- 
tical agitation in Pakistan, led 
by the leaders of the Move- 
ment for Restoration of 
Democracy (MRD), including 
Miss Benazir Bhutto. 

Mr Imam demanded the 
release of Miss Bhutto and all 
other opposition leaders and 
workers who were rounded up 
during the past 10 days and 
whose number is estimated by 
the opposition at about 
10,000. More than 30 people 

were killed in Sind in dashes 
with security forces. 

Mr Imam said the group 
also demanded the with- 
drawal of troops from duty 
with police in Sind and op- 
posed any suggestion of 
imposing a state of emergency 

Meanwhile, Mr Junejo, who 
held a long meeting in Lahore 
with the Punjabi members of 
Parliament, later said that he 
was not prepared to talk to the 
opposition outside Parlia- 

Greek officials stop hunt for RAF ‘gold’ plane 

From A Correspondent 

Harbour officials on the 
central Greek island of Eu- 
boea yesterday stopped a 
group of treasure hunters from 
searching for the wreckage of a 
Royal Air Force plane that 
may have been carrying a load 
of gold sovereigns. 

A Greek machinist. Mr 

Christos Eleftheriou, aged 51. 
who claims he saw the trans- 
port plane go down in the Bay 
of Oreoi in August 1943, had 
teamed up with a Greek 
underwater researcher. 

But authorities, acting on 
orders from the Ministry of 
Merchant Marine, blocked the 
research vessel Poseidon when 
it tried to leave harbour at 
8 am yesterday. 

Local stories say the RAF 
plane was en route to the 
Middle East with 20 cases of 
gold sovereigns, today worth 
£700 million, when it was shot 
down fry Luftwaffe fighters. 

But the hunt for the gold is 
tangled in bureaucracy. The 
Ministry of Merchant Marine 
last Friday issued an injunc- 
tion blocking the search until 
the Greek Supreme Court 

decides which government 
authority has the right to 
sanction such work. 

Mr Eleftheriou, who says he 
was seven when he watched 
the plane ditch and sink from 
a filling boat 400 yards away, 
had received a permit from 
the Naval General Staff and 
from the ' Ministry of 

by violence 

Colombo (Reuter) — Re- 
newed separatist violence is 
which 10 people were killed 
has threatened peace talks 
between the Sri Lankan Gov- 
ernment and moderate Tam- 

A Government spokesman 
said Tamil guerrillas fired 
mortar bombs at the main 
military camp in Jaffoa, 
Northern Province, on Sun- 
day, wounding - two soldiers. 
Troops killed four attackers. 
Three civilians were killed 
and 18 were wounded. 

The Government said two 
rebels were killed: on Sunday 
during clashes between rival 
guerrilla groups at Vavuniya, 
u the Northern Province. 

An opposition leader es- 
caped® bomb attack at a pub- 
lic meeting outside Colombo 
on Sunday. Police said Mr Vjj- 
aya Kumaranatunga, secretary 
of the People's Party* • fa 
approached the mieroi 
to address the gathering 
a bomb was thrown, 
wounded four people but ] 
Kumaranatunga. who jump 
off the stage, was not hurt. 

Mr Appapillai Anurthal 

?arail United™] Liberation 
Fhmt (Tuff), said be was 
worried by the continued 
fighting and hoped to. have 
talkswith President Jayewaid- 
ene today. 

The Tulfand the Govern- 
ment are considering a plan 
for provincial councils which 
would give powers to Tamils 
where they are in a majority. 

• Corporal killed: A corporal 
was killed and eight Sri Lanka 
Army security men were injur- 
ed when Tamil guerrillas at- 
tacked an Army patrol near 
Kjfflinochchx in Northern 
Province yesterday (Vjjitha 
Yapa writes). Two omens 
were injured, and the guerril- 
las suffered heavy casualties. 

Berlin divided by 
Catholic conflict 

FTOm Roger Boyes, Berlin 


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An extraordinary row be- 
tween a radical priest and a 
conservative cardinal has ex- 
posed a glaring East-West 
anomaly in Bertia- 
The root of the present 
conflict is that the Catholic 
Chmte, unlike the Protest- 
ants, considers Berlin, East 
and West, to be one diocese 
The Catholic hierarchy, nnder 
Cardinal Joacbhn Meisner, j* 
based in East Beilin bat also 
aunisters to the 278,OOOCath- 
oifcs in West Berlin. . 

This arrangement, which 
overlooks the Berlin WaU, 
several minefields, watch- 
towers and ravenous akatian 
dogs, makes it ooe of the 
oddest dioceses in Europe and, 
as in the Intest case, can create 
friction between church tend- 
ers and their flock. 

Cardinal Meisner regalariy 
travels through the WaU to sit 
in on services- In recent, 
months he has been shocked 
by the activities of a West 
Berlin Jesuit, Father Waite 1 
Hdnlera, aged 47. The cardi- 
nal believes the priest has 
been flirting too heavily with 
politics and is too free and 
easy with church doctrine. 

Father Htinlein recently 
protested against a new Brit- 
ish shooting range at Gatow in 
West Berlin, and last Whitson 
he refused to read tee bishop’s 

faces jail 

Singapore (Reuter) — Mr 
Tan Koon Swan, a prominent 
Malaysian politician, pleaded 
guilty yesterday to one of IS 
charges related to the collapse 
of a Singapore company, and 
frees np to three years in 
prison when sentenced today. 

Mr Tan, a member of the 
.Malaysian Parliament and 
bead of the country's largest 
Chinese party, pleaded guilty 
to an amended charge of 
simple abetment of criminal 
breach of trust in connection 
with the collapse of Pan- 
Bectric Industries. Tire orig- 
inal charge of aggravated 
abetment was amended at his 
last appearance in the High 
Court two weeks ago. 

Mr Tan, who had been 
released then on bail of 41 
million Singapore dollars (£13 
million), now faces a maxi- 
mum three years' jail an 
unlimited fine or both by 
pleading guilty to abetting a 
Plan-Electric director to dis- 
honestly dispose of 145,000 
Singapore dollars, in company 
funds last September. 

He feces 14 other cfaaiges. 
He pleaded not guilty earlier 
to nine charges of abetment of 

letter from his pulpit because 
tee subject — the Christian 
family — was not appropriate 
for bn overwhelmingly elderly 
mid toady parishioners. 

h morning prayers, broad- 
cast by West Berlin radio, 
white is dearly audible to the 
eastern half of the city, Father 
Hemlem told a mixteni par- 
able, Jesus Christ meets Kail 
Mmx Jm^tee. no-umn’s-land 
between Eastand West Ger- 
man. The framer is in trouble 
with the episcopate, the latter 
with die central committee. 
Security men from East and 
West are fistemng in (“be- 
cause both/ ose the same 
bogs'") and hear teem say in 
unman: **WJ»y is my work still 
at square one?” 

The church leadership 
beard die broadcast and was 
not amused by the equation of 
Marx aad Christ. 

* The cardinal has derided to 
remove die priest from his 
parish, and there has been an 
angry response from some of 
tee more active parishioners. 
Speakers at a stormy protest 
meeting criticized the cardinal 
for not understanding “free- 
dom of speech in the West”. A 
petition has been sent to the 
Pope and appeals have been 
lodged with the church hierar- 
chy in East Berlin. The cardi- 
nal teows no signs of bodging. 

Mr Tan Koon Swan: Faring 
14 other charges. 

criminal breach of trust, while r. 
four counts of cheating and 
fraud had been set aside 
pending the ’ outcome of' 
yesterday's hearing. « 

Mr Tan held a big stake in- 
Pau-Etectric, . a marine and 1 : 
industrial group which wentT 
into receivership itu 

The prosecution said it had 
agreed with the defence to. 
amend the charge if Mr Tan - 
paid 34 million. Singapore - 
dollars to Pan-Electric to re-*“ 
place the firm's cash losses, 
and if he eased Pan-Electric’s 
share purchase obligations. 

Pan-Electric had 12 million ’ 
Singapore dollars- worth of 
forward contracts with five: 
local broking firms and Mr - 
Tan so frr had paid! 7 million 
Singapore dollars to three of 
the firms. 

Echoes probe the Alps 

Sargans, Switzerland (Reu- yards along three 1 lines 
fcn “ Scientists began work through Switzerland. 

yesterday on on ambitious 
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The sound waves will bit 
rocks thousands of yards be- 

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Relief firemen 
rushed in as 

four killed in 

Riviera blazes 

From Susan MacDonald, Paris 

IIIlC i» 

Vt ?-J 

Rues raging through the 
hills of southern France have 
killed four people and de- 
stroyed 10,000 hectares of 
forest in the past three days. ' 

Firemen have been str- 
etched to their limit, some- 
times working 48 hours 
without a break, in their 
efforts to contain the fires in 
the Alpes-Mari times, Var and 
Bouches-du- Rhone regions. 
Reinforcements have been 
sent from the north of the 
country, including Paris, to 
relieve some of the 5.000 men 
on duty. 

Yesterday, the most dra- 
matic situation was in the 
Alpes-Maritimes. where 
winds gusting at more than 
60 mph fanned the raring 

A fireman was killed when 
flames engulfed a fire engine 
and an elderly lady died when 
she left her car to try to escape 
the fire. Two men died from 
heart attacks while trying to 
save their homes. 

The fires, considered the 
worst for many years, have 
caused the evacuation of 2,000 
people from their homes. 

M Robert Pandraud. the 
Minister for Security, has 

visited th e area and put into 
effect an emergency plan io 
C o-ordinate relief services. 

He said 40 people bad been 
arrested for arson, this 


• MADRID: The Costa del 
So! town of Mijas was yes- 
terday declared to be out of 
danger after a blaze, started by 
sparks from- a refuse dump; 
burnt about 100 hectares of 
grassland and woods on the 
edge of the settlement (Harry 
Debelius writes). 

Another fire, in the south- 
west of the country, was still 
burning after four days 

M Pandraud: 40 arrested for 
starting fires this summer. 

Corsica poll re-run 

gives same result 

From Our Correspondent, Paris 


:: divided! 

^ He con® 

•-5 n 
- — 

Upper Corsica, one of the 
two departments on the is- 
land, went to the perils a gtin 
on Sunday, after its results in 
the March general election 
were declared null and void 
because of allegations of fraud 

On Sunday 54.6 per cent of 
the eligible population voted, 
against 63 per cent in March, 
but the results were the same, 
with the right-wing deputy. M 
Pierre Plasquini (RPR) and the 
left-wing deputy, M Emile 
Zuccarelli (MRG), being el- 

Precautions were taken to 
ensure there would be no 
repetition of the interference 

with ballot boxes which oc- 
curred in March. 

But in three voting stations 
in Bastia masked men armed 
with iron bars and hatchets 
broke in and overturned ballot 

- Corsica has suffered about 
60 bombings and 30 hold-ups 
over the past two months, as 
well as serious forest fires that 
are damaging different parts of 
the island. 

No one has been injured in 
the bombings, which have 
been aimed at specific targets. 
Responsibility for 41 of them 
has been claimed by the 
outlawed Corsican separatist 
movement, the FLNC. 

Non-Aligned Conference: Part 2 

1m 5 


Action on South Africa 
to dominate debate 

it . 


— c 


tl I 

% ** ; 

■ j 


Officials of the 101 member 
s-t stales of the Non-Aligned 
• x: a : Movement meet in Harare 
--- today to prepare for the 
■ '■■■■ ?" 1 organization's eighth summit, 
which opens next Monday. Jaa 

- Raath reports on the complex 
• and diverse issues facing the 

- movement, with ‘ pressure 
. •. against South Africa certain to 

. ; be pre-eminent '. 

The Non-Aligned Move- 
ment tarns 25 next week in a 
location that would infinitely 
please the man behind its 
foundation, the late Marshal 
Tito of Yugoslavia. 

The leaders of ‘Two-thirds 
of humanity'' are assembling 
in Africa's newest sovereign 
state; Zimbabwe, and will be 
: - directing their invective just a 
. morning's drive southwards 
against the last outpost in the 
world of government based op 
fHf discrimination by race. 

South Africa will un- 
1 doubtedly be the chief object of 
the summit's attention. Mr 
Robert Mugabe, the Prime 
( Minister of Zimbabwe, in late 
-a* July at the Organization of 
African Unity summit in Ad- 

a S 
i 1 * 


li v 

Mr Mugabe: chairmanship 

will pnt him on the spot. . 

dis Ababa, urged all OAU 
states - which make up more 
than half of the movement's 
membership — to attend to. 
“make it our conference, a 
home affair," in further isolat- 
ing South Africa. 

According to a draft agenda 
drawn np by Zimbabwe, the 
southern African situation, 
dominated by the "internal 
repression and oppression in 
apartheid South Africa, the 
regime's destabilization of and 
aggression against the 
frontline states", as well as its 
occupation of Namibia, is the 
first item for discussion in the 
ghriml political review, re- 
garded as (he most fun- 
damental section of del- 

The issue is expected to be 
one of the few to receive the 
unanimous support of the 

What they will be able to do 
by way of direct action against 
South Africa is marginal. Few 
of them have any weighty 

economic or political influence 

The movement is credited 
with limited political clout 
generally. Most members are 
Third World countries with 
shaky economies and inferior 
military capacities. 

Bat observers point to the 
body's greater effectiveness as 
a massive lobby group enjoy- 
ing an array of connections 
with other international power 

Officials of the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs hoe have 
given assurances that "proper 
attention" will also be given to 
the rest of the world’s prob- 
lems, ranging from super- 
power detente and nodear 
disarmament to Third World 
debt burdens and population 

Among the movement's 
membership is counted nearly 
every' trouble spot on the globe 
— Afghanistan, Lebanon, Lib- 
ya, Nicaragua, Sri Lanka, 
Iran, Iraq, Cambodia. Korea, 
Morocco and Angola. 

Following South Africa on 
tbe agenda is the Middle East 
situation, with “Israeli 
aggression" receiving the only 
specific mention. 

The conference will put Mr 
Mugabe, who takes over the 
chairmanship on Monday next 
week from the Indian Prime 
Minister, Mr Rajiv Gandhi, 
on tbe spot as never before. 

Though one of Africa's best 
known leaders, bis influence is 
parochially restricted to sou- 
thern Africa. 

Nor has be ever played a 
significant role as a mediator, 
bnt rattier as a protagonist in 
local and regional politics. 

But his skills as a nego- 
tiator, bis keen sense of-diplo- 
macy and his rich, outspoken 
articulacy would appear to 
arm him well for the rigours of 
tbe coming fortnight. 

For that time Zimbabwe's 
national administration is ex- 
pected to come to a near halt as 
an estimated two-thirds of the 
civil service dedicates itself 
exclusively to conference 


According to budgetary es- 
timates, Zimbabwe will be 
paying £12 milium out of its 
own pocket on mounting the 
conference, excluding the cost 
Of diverting the civil service 
and the armed forces, but local 
and foreign generosity plays a 
key part. 

So far £4 million has been 
received in cash donations, but 
the list of gifts in kind is likely 
to far outstrip this figure. 

The items donated read like 
a Customs rummage sale: 16 
tonnes of Angolan sea food, 
100 East Germany refrig- 
erators, 12 motorcycles from 
the Palestine Liberation Or- 
ganization. to name bnt a few. 




- \ 

for family 
of Soviet 

Vienna (Reuier) - Mr 
Anatoly Shcharansky. the for- 
mer Soviet dissident, was 
reunited yesterday with his 
mother, aged 77, who cam- 
paigned tirelessly for his re- 

lease from a Soviet labour 

Mis Ida Milgrom, a tiny 
white-haired figure, was acVM 
gout her plans. She replied: 
“To see my son and bug him, I 

want to live, live, live.” 

Mrs Milgrom, Mr 
Shchaianslw’s brother, Leo- 
nid, his ware. Raya, and their 
two sons arrived in Vienna on 
their way to Israel after receiv- 
ing exit visas from the Soviet 
authorities last Tuesday. 

It was tiie first time Mrs 
Milgrom had seen her younger 
son since January 1985. “1 saw 
him then in prison. He was 
not free,” she told reporters as 
she wiped tears from her eyes. 

Mr Shcharansky served 
eight years of a 13-year sen- 
tence on spying charges until 
his release in February this 
year. He was allowed to leave 
the Soviet Union as part of an 
East-West prisoner exchange 
and lives in Israel with his 
wife, AvitaL 

Mr Leonid Shcharansky, 
aged 40, an engineer, said: “1 
am very, very tired after tbe 
last few days in the Soviet 
Union. There are so many 
correspondents here. It is 

Aquino advised to 
crush communism 

Jakarta (Reuter) — Presi- 
dent Suharto of Indonesia 
>esierday advised President 
Aquino of the Philippines, 
whose government is tackling 
a 17-year communist insur- 
gency. to crush communism 
before it grows loo strong. 

His suggested approach 
contrasted sharply with Mrs 
Aquino's softer line towards 
communist rebels in the Phil- 
ippines. She is a attempting to 
arrange a ceasefire and per- 
suade the rebels to surrender. 

In wide-ranging talks lasting 
two hours. President Suharto 
was quoted as telling Mrs 
Aquino that he had 20 years' 
experience of fighting 

Asked at a press conference 
about Mrs Aquino's reaction 
to the advice, the Deputy 
Foreign Minister of the Phil- 
ippines. Mrs Leticia Shahani. 
said in general the Philippine 

leader took a more concil- 
iatory approach. 

Mrs Shahani said many 
people had joined the com- 
munist New People's Army of 
the Philippines, which has an 
estimated 16,000 men under 
arms, because of economic 
conditions and abuse of hu- 
man rights during the 20-year 
rule of former President 

She said they were different 
from the “hardcore of the 
Communist Parly, who are 
undertaking their struggle 
through the use of arms and 

It was not sufficient for 
what she termed the softcore 
of the rebels to surrender. The 
Government needed funds to 
give them a new start. 

President Aquino is due to 
leave Jakarta today for a 36- 
hour visit to Singapore before 
returning home tomorrow. 

Eleven die in massacre 

difficult to fkce it again.” 

**** Aflninoof the Philippines watering a tree she had just planted at a cultural centre 
m Jakarta. President Suharto (left), who had two hours of <«ll« with her, looks on. 

Unidentified gunmen burst 
into a suburban home In the 
southern Philippine city of 
Zamboanga before dawn yes- 
terday. killing 11 members of 
u family as they slept. 

Neighbours said about 15 
heavily-armed men, with M14 
and M16 automatic rifles, 
barged into the house of 
lieutenant Giliamin Agga and 
opened fire, killing him, his 
wife, daughter, three sons — 
one just six months old — his 
mother, father, two brothers 
and a niece. 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 

Only a daughter, aged 7, 
survived but is reported to be 
in a critical condition. 

Police gathered more than 
100 spent cartridges from the 
floor of the house in an onto* 
suburb of Zamboanga City. 

Among the special features of the TSB Group Share 

Hours later, on the outskirts 
of the northern town of Tam- 
bulig, nine soldiers and three 
civilian militiamen were killed 
by 80 communist rebels in an 
ambush, the Philippine News 
Agency reported. 

Offer is a bonus for the faithful. 

If you hold on to your shares for three years , you'll 
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the Offer (on the first £5000 worth of your nrin -jn^ i 

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for no extra payment 

Hie share price will be announced soon. 

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and the balance in about 12 months ’ time. 

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since before 17th December 1984 and have registered 
your priority. Then, your minimum investment need be 
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BS99 7TT Please send me, without obligation, wifrnrna^n n 
about the TSB Group Share Offer 

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phone 0272 300 300 or call at any TSB branch. 

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possible, from all walks of life. 

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Issued by Lazard Brothers & Co., Limited, through 
the TSB Group Share Information Office, 
on behalf of tbe Dusree Savings Banks Central Board. 




















































I r. 

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1 * 

» _ 

• I 
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Ah, so welcome in the valleys 

Japanese companies 
have doubled their 
British investments 
since 1980. But are 
they making money, 
asks Stephen Axis 

Once a week, regular as clockwork, 
Kazuo Murata, belter known to his 
colleagues as Ken, summons the 
senior staff of Yuasa Battery (UK) 
for what is, in effect, a company 
prayer meeting. 

Ken Muraia, a friendly, unassum- 
ing man with unruly dark hair, 
dressed in overalls and boots, is 
managing director of the British 
subsidiary of one of Japan's — and 
the world's — largest specialist 
battery makers. Within four years, 
from its windswept base at Ebbw 
Vale, the company has captured 60 
per cent of the British market and 
has. to its intense pride, won a 
Queen’s Award for Exports — only 
the second British-based Japanese 
company to do so. 

Since 1982. therefore, the theme 
of Muraia's weekly sermon has been 
unfailingly optimistic. He talks of 
rising sales, increasing production 
and growing productivity. He also 
urges his staff to greater efforts. On 
the factory floor, a large sign 
exhorts the 210 staff- mainly ex- 
miners and steelworkers from the 
valleys — to "do a little better each 

From day one the company has 
been a non-union shop and only 
now is it, like many Japanese and 
British companies, negotiating a 
single union agreement with Eric 
Hammond's electricians' union, the 

Potentially. Yuasa is highly pros- 
perous. In Murata's office, where he 
spends little time and which is used 
mainly to receive visitors, a chart 
forecasts that, by 1990. turnover 
will have risen from an initial £7 
million lo over £20 million. 

Patient wait 
for profits 

But among the charts and graphs 
covering the walls there is no 
mention of one subject: profits. Just 
how much money the company is 
making and how much, if any, is 
being sent back to Yuasa's parent in 
Osaka, is not disclosed. 

it cost £3 million to set up the 
operation but, when grants and 
subsidies from the Welsh Develop- 
ment Agency and other bodies are 
taken into account, the company 
itself had to find no more than £1 
million. Murata says il is doing so 
well that it has already recouped its 
net investment and on a month-by- 
month basis is making a healthy 
trading profit 

Since then, another £10 million 
has been injected to finance expan- 
sion up to 1990. This means the 
company is trading at a loss and, 
even if it achieves its targets, it will 
lake at least three or four years to 
move back into the black. 

But this does not deni Muraia's 
confidence one bit. Like many 
Japanese companies operating in 
Britain and Europe, the finances of 
the parent group are strong and the 
shareholders, mostly banks and 
other institutions, are patient For 

• . > ■ • at... k -T 

Re-charging the batteries: Kazuo Murata and senior staff at the weekly “prayer meeting”, a little bit of management, Japan-style, in South 


the time being they are content to 
take the long-term view and receive 
minimum dividends. As long as it 
continues to trade profitably they 
are prepared to wait for their return 
on investment. 

This willingness to plough back 
profits to finance further expansion, 
and to capture -larger dices of 
market share, is not peculiar to 
Yuasa. It is common to the majority 
of Japanese companies who, over 
the past five years, have come to 
Europe in force. 

A recent survey by Jetro, the 
Japanese government body, on the 
-profitability of IIS Japanese com- 
panies operating in Europe, reveals 
the surprising feet that SO, well over 
40 per cent, are losing money or 
only just breaking even. 

The explanation is not hard to 
find. “You must remember”, says 
Felicity Marsh, wife of Lord Marsh, 
'the former Labour Cabinet min- 
ister, who has made a special study 
of Japanese investment in Europe, 
“that unlike most Western com- 
panies. the Japanese are prepared to 
take a long-term view. Their 
priorities are not an immediate 
return on capital but, by relentlessly 
concentrating on quality control 
and production techniques, to build 
up a sound operating base. 

“The fact that, ajgain unlike most 
Western companies, the parent 
companies in Japan are cash-rich 
and shareholders are very passive, is 
also an advantage.” 

These fundamental differences in 
approach to investment and profit 
have caused problems in the pasL 
By all accounts it was the reason for 
the collapse, a couple of years ago, 
of a joint venture between Lord 
Weinstock's General Electric Com- 
pany and Hitachi, the electronics 
firm. “The attitude of the two 
companies proved to be totally 
incompatible. Hitachi was prepared 
to spend a lot of money while GEC 

was only interested in a quick 
return”, says Lady Marsh. 

Over the past five years there has 
been an explosion of Japanese 
investment in Europe and, particu- 
larly. Britain. Scotland is the most 
favoured destination but Wales, 
with 1 1 companies employing 3.500 
people, is not far behind. Overall, 
the figures show that the volume of 
Japanese investment in Britain on 
an annual basis has more than 

6 Do a little 
each day } 

East by north east: Wearside next 
for Toshialti Yasnda of Nissan 

doubled since 1980 — from £125 
million to £250 million in 1986. 

The most spectacular example is 
Nissan Motors, whose £50 million 
Sunderland factory begins fell 
production early in September, with 
a workforce of 310 and a target of 
24.000 cars a year. Next year the 
company will decide whether to 
move to phase two, which would see 
the workforce increased to 3,000 
and production to 100.000 cars a 

Like Yuasa. Nissan, after a good 
deal of internal debate and in- 
decision, came to Britain because it 
feared a loss in competitive edge. 
The continuing strength of the yen 
was threatening to damage 
profitability of its Japanese-based 
export operation and there were 
political pressures. Britain was 
among Western governments warn- 
ing of reprisals unless Japan curbed 
its export effort. As the Japanese 
saw it, a programme of direct 
investment abroad made sense, 
economically and politically. 

Nervous Japanese industrialists 
were encouraged, towards this by . 
their government- and the Ktidjan- 
ren, the powerful employers* . 
organization, which has far more 
clout than its British counterpart, 
the CBI. “We believe that direct 
investment will help reduce Japan's 
balance of trade surplus and have 
been urging companies to do this for . 
some years”, says H^jime Ohta, the 
Keidanren's man in London. 

Plainly, the Nissan venture is in a 
different league to Yuasa's compar- 
atively modest operation in Ebbw 
Vale. But the attitudes to produo- . 
tion and profit are similar. Like 
Yuasa, Nissan is not looking for 
quick returns. “There’s no way we 
can make money for some time” 
says Nissan’s chief spokesman, 
Toshiaki Yasuda. “The Sunderland 
factory will not break even until it is 
producing a 100.000 cars a year and 
that will take at least three or four r 
years. We are more interested in 

long-term stability than short-term 

The firm has invested a good deal 
of time and money training the 
workforce and introducing them to 
the Japanese way of thinking. 
Teams from Sunderland have been 
sent to Japan to see for themselves. 
But the one thing Nissan says it will 
never do is lay people off.jrrespec- 
tive of how badly the firm is doing. 
“Once you start doing that, you lose 
their confidence”, says Yasnda. “If, 
on the other hand, you show yon are 
doing all you can by cutting prices 

Bothered by 
the prospects 

and overheads, people will appre- 
ciate it and do their best when 
things improve.” 

So for. so good Both the Welsh 
and the Geordies have responded 
well to their new masters and 
sometimes strange customs. The 
Japanese managers have, assumed 
British Christian . names, - tactfully 
drive British cars, and send their 
children to British schools. In Ebbw 
Vale, they drink beer and discuss 
the fluctuating fortunes of Welsh 

. But wifi the honeymoon last? The 
Japanese are friendly and cheerful 
but they are also great worriers. And 
though most are too polite to say so, 
there is, one can detect, an under- 
lying uncertainty, best expressed by 
a Japanese diplomat working for the 
Ministry of Foreign Trade. “l am a 
little bothered”, he confessed “by 
what has happened to American 
companies who have . been here 
much longer. They don't seem to 
have been very successful. Perhaps 
they have become too British. I 
wonder if that's going to happen to 
us, 20 years hence.” 

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■e*rt#*s V47T srsf.sftM*.v». :eie- irtatges- based on lease 

Adonis, blue with cold 

T his has been the sum- 
mer of the butterfly 
shortage. Normally at 
this time of year there 
are plenty of bright specimens 
around and the buddleia 
bushes are dotted with pea- 
cocks and tortoiseshells. But 
only the whites seem to be 
thriving, and to spot anything 
more interesting has been 
quite an event. 

Why is this? According to 
John Taiham of the British 
Butterfly Conservation Soci- 
ety, the number one culprit is 
the weather. After “20 months 
of mild winter” across much 
of the country, you could 
hardly expea better. Butter- 
flies need the sun — most 
simply don’t fly without it — 
and a spring so extremely cold 
and wet got the butterfly year 
off to the worst possible start. 

But it is not the weather 
alone that is to blame, as John 
Tatham makes dear. Modern 
agricultural practices have led 
to widespread loss of habitat — 
165,000 miles of hedgerow 
ploughed up in the last 20 
years, chalk downland dis- 
appearing under arable, 
marshlands being drained, 
woods felled. Butterflies and 
intensive farming simply 
don't mix. Pesticides, killing 
unselectively, are a problem — 
especially when sprayed from 
helicopters - and weedkillers 
have hugely reduced the vari- 
ety of wild plants on farmland- 
What is the outlook for our 
butterflies? Four of them are 
endangered species under le- 
gal protection, and for one of 
these it is already too late. The 
Large Blue is now extinct here, 
but it is hoped that it may be 
reintroduced 'from Scandina- 
vian stock. The spectacular 
Swallow Tail is still breeding 
in its handful of Fenland 
locations, and the Chequered 
Skipper, now extinct in En- 
gland, survives in one colony 
in the north-west of Scotland. 

The Heath Fritillary is lim- 
ited to one location in Kent 

Why Britain’s 
butterflies are 
fighting for 
their survival 

Swallow Tail, a rare beanty 

and three or four in the west 
country. There are half a 
dozen other species almost as 
rare, and others have gone 
into alarming decline. One 
such js the lovely Adonis Blue, 
which 10 years ago was still 
common on chalk downland 
and is now positively scarce. 
Almost certainly, all these 
species wilt be worse off than 
ever after this dreadful sum- 

More generally, the only 
realistic prospect is of steady 
decline. Most British butter- 
flies are anyway at the north- 
ern extreme of their range and 

therefore particularly vulner- 
able. But you never can teU 
with butterflies. 

John Tatham records how 
in Leicestershire, where his 
society is based, there was a 
sudden “invasion” of Gouded 
Yellows (a migrant from the 
Continent) in one of our 
recent warm summers, after 
nearly 20 years without a 
single sighting. The reason 
was a particularly strong warm 
southerly air flow, which in 
fact carried these beauties as 
far north as Cumbria. 

A hot summer is ofcourse a 
good thing, but after the 
drought of 1976 and its 
spectacular displays of butter- 
flies came a very lean year. 
Too many wild flowers had 
been lolled off by the extreme 

B ut even in the face of 
the British weather 
and the British farmer 
there is plenty that 
can be done. The British 
Butterfly Conservation Soci- 
ety .is at present establishing a 
42 acre reserve between 
Droitwich and Worcester. 

On a small scale, we can all 
help, by planting our gardens 
with flowers rich in nectar, the 
butterflies' food. What they 
need are michaelmas daisies; 
sedum . .spectabile, buddleia, 
and big asters and marigolds. 
And the. caterpillars of many 
of our most beautiful butter- 
flies feed on the common 
stinging nettle. No garden 
should be without nettles if we 
are to keep our butterflies. _ 

Nigel Andrew 

The British Butterfly Con- 
servation Society is based at 
Tudor House. Quortu Lough- 
borough, Leicestershire, LEI 2 
SAD. It has 17. branches 
throughout the country. 

Illustrat ion from an engraved 
plate by Moses Hems, ex- 
tracted from The Aurelian, 
published by Newnes/Country 
Life Books 

tour de force 

How Britain’s voice of America for 
more than 40 years stays in tune . 

The scene, is a television 
studio in. a nondescript con- 
crete building next to the 
Pepsi-Cola bottling plant in 
Boston, Massachusetts. 
Sealed behind an enormous 
white grand piano is the man 
known to Britons as die voice 
of America and to Americans 
as the archetypal English- 
man. He turns to the camera. 
“Good evening”, he rays, 
*Tn» Alistair Cooke . 

As host of the American 
television series Masterpiece 
Theatre, which celebrates Its 
15th birthday this year, 
Cooke has acted as front man 
for transatlantic imports as 
varied as Upstairs Down- 
stairs, The Jewel in the Crown 
and The Irish RM. Unlike 
British viewers, who are ex- 
pected to take their culture 
cold, Americans are used to a 
master or ceremonies figure to 
signal a change from the 
prime-time diet of cop shows 
and sitcoms and Cooke's 
urbane and informative in- 
troductions have become a 
part of the regular Sunday 
evening date with the classics. 
His position as a television 
institution is confirmed by the 
number of parodies he has 

room with a view, Motad- 
batten a gtant dassicaT col- 
umn. A caned wooden 
staircase was prorided.-te 
Upstairs, D o wn s t ai rs, an up- 
time Masterpiece .Theatre 
favourite because it confirmed 
so many popular 

“Americans think fee Brit- 
ish are either aristocrats or 
Cockneys**, Cooke says, 
“Essentially the Edwardian 
things give you a- picture 
people want to see.” . 

Meeting Alistair Cooke, in 
his New York apartment, is 
like meeting an old family 
friend. The setting is familial; 
his study with its rad 'leather 
chair and books arranged 
from A to Z was used-to fun* 
the beginning and end at fee 
BBC’s America series; And 
his conversation, like Us 
broadcasting style, is witty 
and anecdotal. 

He was bora in Manchester 
in 1908 and educated, at 
Cambridge (where be took a 
first in Enriisti). -Yale and 
Harvard. His original in- 
terest was in fee theatre and 
films.. He worked hi Holly- 
wood with Charlie ChapUn op . 
a film script about Napoleon 


Stem but Idh&A&taif Cooke, £ media institution ; 

inspired. The children's pro- 
gramme Sesame Street has its 
own Alistair Cookie, and the 
Disney cable-TV channel its 
Mousterpkce Theatre. 

To as, of course, Cooke is 
best known for his weekly 
Letter from America, the 
longest-running scries in ra- 
dio history, which can be 
beard in almost every country 
around the world except for 
the US - he has resisted 
attempts to widen the Ameri- 
can audience beyond a select 
band of short-wave listeners, 
feeling it would split the 
target. A New York Tima 
reviewer once described the 
tone of his 15-mhmte talks as 
that of a “stern but kindly 
headmaster addressing a 
recalcitrant schoolboy”, and 
the teacher's hat is firmly in 
place m Masterpiece Theatre. 
When Hudson and 
Mrs Bridges had a below- 
Stairs gnunMe about falling 
standards,' Cooke was on 
hand wife his between-stairs 
rundown on the battle of the 
Somme. When a 1920s mood 
was In order for Frederick 
Lonsdale's On Approval, 
Cooke was there in his dinner 
jacket, to illustrate the sar- 
torial habits of BBC radio 
announcers of the time. 

Describing himself mod- 
estly as a “knockabout 
historian”, be researches and 
writes his own introductions, 
which are recorded on spe- 
cially constructed sets. The 
packaging for Star Quality, a 
Noel Coward series which 
will reach American tele- 
vision screens in the antnmn, 
includes the white piano and 
an elaborate assembly of 
theatrical costume tranks and 
pink neon fights. Winston 
Churchill: The Wilderness 
Years had a red- wall papered 

in exile (it was never pro- 
duced), and spent three yean 
as film critic for the BBC Bat 
lie discovered his tree voca- 
tion as a .'London com: 
mentafeor for NBC, covering 
suck; historic events as fee 
abdication of Edward VHI 
and the Munich agreement 
He emigrated to America in 
1937, 'became a citizen in 
1941, and worked as foreign 
correspondent first for The 
Times, then The Guardian. 
His first Letter was broadcast 
in 1946. He retired to con- 
centrate on that and the 
America series in 1972, He 
was knighted fee following 

• “I still think of myself as 
an Englishman who fives in 
the US, which doesn't pre- 
empt the feet that 1 fed 
totally at home in both 
countries”, Cooke, who is 
married to an American, rays. 

His role, as a kind of 
cultural fink between the two 
countries, is a relatively re- 
cent one. “Originally, the job 
was reporting on America” 
he says. “Editors would call 
me from time to time when- 
ever there was some crisis in 
British politics. 1 would say:. 
T know nothing about British 
politics, but if you want to 
know how to get a fruit 
franchise in southern Califor- 
nia, I can teU yon’.” 

Cooke visits En gland two 
or three times a year, and 
keeps in touch by means of 
TheEconondsuThe Guardian 
Weekly ; and a network of 
friends. “I am grateful that X 
was born in England and lived 
there until 24,‘because I can. 

keep an eye cocked for what’s 
American.” - 

SallyD ngan 

Q'nnwaWi wpvp w i Lia.tssg 



! Japanese drama (6) 

5 Car lifter (4) 

8 Spoor (5} , 

9 Salad plan; (7) 

11 Tusk animal (8) 

13 Failure{4) 

15 Unbroken f 13) 

17 Superb (4) . 

18 Exaggerated (S) 

21 Scorn (7) 

22 Impassive (5} 

23 Occident (4) 

24 Bcar<6) . 


2 A)cn(3) 

3 Bristol Channel river 

4 Tax office (6.7) 

5 Baliei spring f4) 

6 Two line verse (7) 

7 Reduced (10) 

10 Suitability (10) 

12 Native shelters (4) 


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16 Deadlock (7), 

19 Smell (5) / 

20 Cobbler’s Mofe i 
22 Unhappy {3) 


4 C i'u cm!m 8 Lives 9 Annulus narwunm * 
PWl 13 Adolescence 17 ctibe iSMarmikin .21 Lockjaw: 22lS-~- ^ 

Me 23 Swear in 24 Ellis " 

DOWN:. 1 Caliph 2 River 3 Obstacle 4 Charles Darnin S' H 
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a trail 


Back-to-school clothes pose a dilemma for parents and their 
childrenbut Jane Procter finds solutions in the high street 

G one are the clear- 
cut arguments 
about school uni- 
form. Now it 
seems that even 
the most fanatic supporters 
waver, especially when their 
child approaches the teenage 
years. It is no longer the 
"whining schoolboy with his 
satchel and shining morning 
face,' creeping like snaj l 
unwillingly to school” In his 
stead is a bright modem 
counterpart dressed in the best 
that the outfitters, shops and 
chain stores can offer. Boys 
do seem to accept uni- 
forms with a certain 
equanimity, but one 
does wonder if there is 
really a case for a uni- 
form for the adolescent 
gilt It is very difficult to 
make a 13-year-old wear 
a stria uniform. Many 
parents send their children 
to independent schools hoping 
that, in a property disciplined 
environment, the uniform will 
be worn correctly. Try telling 
that to the said 13-year-old. 

Girts loathe wearing uni- 
forms, and one mother I spoke 
to recently has considered 
moving her 13-year-old to a 
non-uniform school so that 
she can kiss goodbye to the 
fights and frustrations. 

T he problem Is that 
young girls cus- 
tomize their uni- 
forms out of all 
recognition. Skirts 
are instantly shortened and 
tightened. Regulation pull- 
overs are purchased in the 
largest and sloppiest sizes 
possible — and if a Maries and 
Spencer men’s size 44 is a 
dose enough approximation 
to what is required, then that 
is what will be worn. 

• The school coat or blazer is 
rarely considered suitable 
garb, and young girls win 
willingly go to school in sub- 
zero temperatures dad in a 
thin cardigan, rather than 
suffer the ignominy of the 
gaberdine raincoat. 

Fashion is obviously para- 
mount. As a friend summed it 
upc “In .1971 when Ijvas 1 1, JT_ 
was sent borne from school 
because my skirt was too 
short; in 1973 1 was sent home 
because it was too long.” 

Patrida Renting is head- 
mistress of my old school. 
Queen’s College, Harley 
Street, which dispensed with 
uniforms decades ago. “If a 
school has a uniform”, she 
says, “teachers waste valuable 
teaching time nagging chil- 
dren about the colour of their 
socks.” The only advantage of 
uniforms she could think of 
was being able to identify 
pupils on a school outing. 

The regular arguments in 
favour of uniforms include the 
social statement that they 
mask differences in parental 
income. But when the teachers 
at South Hampstead High, an 
independent school which is 
part of the nationwide Girls' 
Public Day School Trust, 
voted to abolish school uni- 
form. the girls protested and 
managed to conjure up several 
more pro-uniform arguments. 

. The non-uniform-wearing 
sixth-formers were the author- 
ity and they produced the 
following statements: a school 
uniform eli mates the worry of 
what to wear each day; it gives 
you a pride in your school plus 

Hugh in a uniform 
from outfitters Eric 
Thomas, 142-146 
Station Road, Sidcup, 
Kent and branches; 
striped cap £1 .99, blazer 
£32.99, shift from £3.99, 
striped tie £1 .25, shorts 
from £6.99, socks £1.99, 
and feather satchel 
£6.99. Shoes from 

a feeling of solidarity, and h 
eliminates competition. 

All good Blazer of Glory 
stuff. But it does sound as if 
the sixth form wanted to 
retain their lhem-and-us iden- 
tity, and the decision was 
unfortunate for tbeir head- 
mistress. Averil Burgess, who 
had voted for the demise of 
the uniform. 

She agrees with Patricia 
Fleming that the uphill battle 
to police foe uniform is pretty 
daft But in its favour she does 
comment: “It provides a 
reasonably harmless method 
of protest. I would rather that 
foe girts made their statement 
with a slit skin or a ritualized 
holey woollie than la their 
protest emerge in some other 
form which might be infinitely 
more undesirable .” When a 
uniform is absent, it is in- 
teresting to see just how loose 
the pupils’ kit can be. St Paul's 
Girls’ School stipulates merely 
that the girls should wear 
shoes. And they don't mean 
shoes as opposed to trainers. 
The colour-coded solution hit 
upon by many schools is one 
answer. Westminster School 





telephone: 01-235 2680 



stipulates merely that its boys 
should wear a dark suit and a 
white shin with one of foe 
mandatory ties — for house, 
spon or school. Ideal for boys 
who wish to express their own 
individuality and for parents 
who can purchase foe compo- 
nent parts at a price and shop 
of their choice. As so many of 
its boys are kitted out at 
Marks and Spencer. West- 
. minster did consider plac- 
ing foe chain store on its 
official supplier list but 
decided that, for a com- 
prehensive range, its 
present outfitter was 
more suitable. Most 
state schools have 
some form of non- 
specific uniform 
based on colours — 
usually in the navy, grey, 
black, bottle, burgundy 
spectrum, and individual 
items can be bought from 
chain stores or school out- 
fitters depending on pref- 

The chain stores do an 
excellent job in providing 
practical washable basics 
which can be slotted in to 
most of the more enlightened 
schools' uniforms, but the 
main criticism levelled at 
them is that they view the 
supply of schoolwear as a 
seasonal sale and h is down to 
foe trusty old school outfitter 
to constantly slock foe bulk of 
foe paraphernalia of a school 

As a result of carrying stock 
all year round, foe prices at foe 
local outfitter are often 
slightly dearer. But the local 
shops definitely score on fit- 
ting and service. They also 
stock non-standard sizes 
which are essential for foe 
chubbier or taller child to 
avoid foe ridiculous. 

I ndependent outfitters are 
also the best place for 
sportswear — which has 
become an all-important 
part of most school ward- 
robes, with everything from 
judo to cricket to gymnastics 
on foe curriculum. In many 
schools, sportswear has come 
off foe playing fields and into -. 
the classrooms as accepted - 
uniform. Sweatshirts, often 
printed with the schoofs 
badge or mono, are as popular 
with foe pupils as with foe 
teachers and parents. 

One might not expea cost 
to be a factor at a school like 
Roedean. But economics have 
definitely played a part in foe 
relaxing of its regulations in 
recent yearsJt has done away 
with its coveted (at least by 
girls from other schools) flow- 
ing cloaks. 

A spokesman for the school • 
says: “They were much too 
expensive — most of foe girts 
wear duffel coats nowadays. 
And they seem to spend half 
their day m a tracksuit.” 

Now that many schools 
have abandoned the more 
costly items like overcoats and 
hats, most mothers agree that 
school uniform is a fairly 
reasonable way of. dressing a 
child during term time, es- 
pecially if foe school or its 
Parent Teacher Association 
operates a second-hand sale 

Many schools where there is 
no uniform find that they 
have one foisted upon them 
by a concerned PTA who feel 
that a few basic items, say a 

So tough 
out on 
kids’ row 

Little Lord Fauntleroys 
should watch out for foe new 
wave of rough, tough street 
lcids (Rebecca Tyrrel writes). 
Aprts-school wear emulates 
flat of the grown-ups with 
cowboy jackets and faded 
denims, scaled-down baseball 
jackets and the original Levi 
501s. For little girts who 
prefer to be tomboys, baggy 
dungarees with bright 
splashes of colour leave prissy 
pinafores for Sunday best 
Fashion- wise kids stalk the 
same hunting grounds as tbeir 
elders. Meesys in the King's 
Road is for grOwn-np kids as 
well as their children. It sells 
hard-wearing cords and foe 
latest accessories for cool kids 
about towm a metal lunch-box 
or canvas rucksack. 

French Connection's 
children's collection is also a 
scaled-down version of foe 
adnlts’. In the shops now are 
buttim-up grandad shirts with 
leggings, stonewasfcd denim 
and oversized sweatshirts in a 
rainbow of bright colours. 

Italian children are always 
immaculately dressed without 
being precocious. Benetton’s 
0-12 shops have collegiate 
sweaters and jumbo cords 
which are practical and fun. 
More important, parents like 
them as much as the children. 

Rory wears non-uniform: shirt £10.90, V-neck 
sweater £22.90, check trousers £18.90, all from 
Benetton's 0-12 branches. Shoes by Bally, £23.95. 
Calypso wears needlecord pinafore £15.95, and frilled 
shirt £10.95, from Laura Ashley. Shoes £9.99, from 
Saxone and Ulley & Skinner 

Top row, left: Maxwell, 
wears his everyday uniform 
Sommer Fields near Oxfon 
aertex shirt under navy guernsey 
sweater with navy cord jeans. 
Sunday best uniform is a tweed 
jacket, long- sleeved shirt and 
long trousers. Top row, right: 
Rory, 7, in his uniform from the 
Manor Prep School in Abingdon. 

Aertex shirt and shorts with 
conventional blazer. Front row, 
left: his sister Charlotte, 4, wears 
her Manor uniform of green 
pinafore and white shirt She 
also has a blazer. Front row, 
centre: Calypso, 5, wears her 
Faulkner House uniform of Wee 
Willie Winkie hat and scarf in 
bright red wool and navy and red 
cape. The tie, shirt and pleated 
sltirt with braces that go 
underneath are perfectly 
conventional. Front row, right 
Hugh, also 5, wears his Hill 
House uniform of brick red cord 
breeches, fawn shirt and slipover 

Right At Maxwell’s school, 
Summer Reids, the boys are 
allowed an anorak of their choice. 
This is his — a jacket just like his 
father’s. In thomproof waxed 
cotton it costs £65 from Burberrys, 
Haymarket, SW1 and branches 

A formal Charlotte and Hugh. Charlotte's navy blazer 
£45.75, Harrods; shirt £10.95. Laura Ashley; wool kilt 
£13.99, C&A; shoes £9.99, Ulley & Skinner and 
Saxone. Hugh’s navy blazer, polyester-wool, £29.99, 
C&A; shirt £10.75, snorts £18.75 and shoes, Harrods 

denim smock, a sweatshirt 
and a T-shirt, make for a 
happier life ail round. 

Going totally against foe 
tide, an elaborate and strictly 
adhered-io school uniform is 
very much in fashion at the 
London prep schools. As al- 
most all very young children 
are delighted to wear a uni- 

form — it makes them feel 
grown up - both the small 
ones and their Yuppy parents 
are happy. 

Certain of these uniforms 
are so distinctive and appeal- 
ing that they must surely act as 
a discreet form of advertising. 
\ assume that most parents are 
unlikely to choose a school on 
foe basis of outer clothing 
rather than inner education; 
but. all things being equal 1 
suspect that I for one might be 
swayed by foe cuteness factor. 

THE dunhill 



Left Denim cowboy jacket £49.90, matching jeans, £23.90, 
sizes 3 to 12 years, all from Benetton 0-12 branches 

Right Basking bear motif dungarees £33, green cotton jersey 
crew-neck sweater with popper fastening £21 . both from 
Cacharel, 103 New Bond Street, Wl 

Photographs by David Anthony 
Illustrations by Joyce MacDonald 

Hair by Ruth Funnel! at Sessions 
•Suzy Menkes is on holiday 

The Dunhill Millennium. Behind the sapphire glass is a classic face, 
has been meticulously enamelled and highly polished to give a deep 
and brilliant lustre. It is available ar £425. 

Visit Dunhill in London Jt DuU- Siavt.M. I.mjunV. Arunle 
Jnd jz Nichok 





™ M«MnA.v:^ijniicr.‘)^ ios£_ 























































* . 

i . 

t V. 

I V 

1 - 

k M 


Codes, laws and almost-laws 


and muzzlers 

Count Nikolai Tolstoy is to ad- 
dress visitors to the Federation of 
Conservative Students* annual 
conference after all. The White 
Russian author of the book which 
accuses Harold Macmillan of 
sending 40.000 Cossacks to their 
deaths in 1 945 was invited months 
ago by the FCS to join Jeffrey 
Archer and George Walden as a 
speaker at their weekend con- 
ference in Leicester in two weeks 
time. But after the rumpus over 
the restatement of Tolstoy's 
allegations in their magazine. 
Conservative Central Office 
warned the FCS that if it went 
ahead with the address all its 
funding would be withdrawn. In 
the end the federation backed 
down, booking Rhodes Bovson to 
speak instead. However. Tolstoy 
will be present — as a guest of the 
Association for a Free Russia, of 
which he is a patron. He tells me 
he still fully intends to speak, 
despite a telephone call from 
Smith Square urging him not to. 

As you were 

The constant renaming of streets 
and squares in Moscow after dead 
heroes and historical events is to 
be curbed. A commission has been 
set up to this end, and among the 
first to revert to their previous 
identities will be the Lermont- 
ovskaya underground station, ne 
Krasnye Vorota or Beautiful 
Gates, and Frunzensky Val street 
— named after a Bolshevik revolu- 
tionary — which will go back to 
being Weavers Street in Russian. 
The news will come as a source of 
hope for those who still refer to 
Leningrad as St Petersburg. 

Tall order 

Dutchmen arc getting so tall that 
the standard doorway size in the 
Hague has had to be lengthened 
four inches to 6ft II in. And 
many new recruits to the army are 
so tall — 477 this year topping 
6ft 7 in — that orders have been 
placed for longer barrack room 
bunks. There must be something 
in the lager. 

• A report just published by the 
Transport and Research Lab- 
oratory' on the regulation of mini- 
buses in the EEC was written by a 
Mr L. Pickup. 

Rope trick 

In his newly published The Sey- 
chelles Affair. rent-a-coup Colonel 
“Mad” Mike Hoare pays tribute to 
Tory MP Nicholas Fairbaim for 
organizing the defence of his 
mercenary invaders al their sub- 
sequent trial in South Africa, 
whence they set out and whence 
they returned. The colonel recalls 
a dinner in Durban during which 
the flamboyant Fairbaim vaunted 
the fact that no client of his had 
ever suffered the death penalty. “I 
look comfort from that." writes 
Hoare. “and as it turned out once 
again, his record was to remain 
umblcmished." In fact, with the 
South African government re- 
ported to have been more than 
slightly involved in the fiasco. 
Hoare and Co escaped the rope by 
the proverbial mile. 


‘It's a lot less bower than a hover* 


The invitation by Peter Imbert, 
deputy commissioner of the 
Metropolitan Police, to the rank 
and file to submit cost-cutting 
suggestions has produced one — 
from a number of bobbies — which 
he is unlikely to endorse: abolition 
of his own job on the grounds that 
he has little to do except fill in 
while the commissioner is on 
holiday. Sir Robert Mark, a 
former commissioner, once called 
the deputy's position "the worst 
job in the force” because it carried 
no real authority. Imbert's critics 
note that axing his post would 
save £43.152 a year, as well as 
perks which include a chauffeur- 
driven car and a tax-free housing 
allowance: enough lo take on five 
cadets at a time when Imbert's 
boss. Sir Kenneth Newman, is 
complaining that the force is 
seriously under strength. 


Newt lover Ken Livingstone is 
celebrating the first big victory in 
his campaign to protect their 
ponds from the advances of the 

E noperty men. After lobbying by 
ivingstone and experts from the 
British Herpetological Society, the 
Nature Conservancy Council has 
designated one of the country's 
biggest colonies of great crested 
newts — at Epsom in Surrey' — as a 
site of special scientific interest, h 
is only the second in Britain to be 
officially protected. But one prob- 
lem has yet to be overcome: 
gypsies recently camped nearby, 
and are filling the pond with their 

rubbish. PHS 

Codes of practice have become the 
parliamentary flavour of the 
limes. The first, the Highway 
Code, came into being in 1 930. By 
1971 only half a dozen minor and 
obscure codes were extant But 
since 1973. 25 statutes have been 
passed under which 48 codes of 
practice could be published. 

The present government prefers 
voluntary codes, drafted and 
administered by the industries to 
which they apply. The Labour 
Party is unsurprisingly suspicious 
of such self-administered controls, 
and has plans to introduce a great 
number of statutory codes. The 
Alliance prefers voluntary codes 
but would enact statutory codes 
wherever voluntary ones proved 

Codes of practice already 
permeate many aspects of our 
lives, whether we are aware of it or 
noL Yet their exact legal status 
and role is far from certain and by 
no means well understood by 
many of the politicians rooting for 

In a .House of Lords debate 
earlier this year. Lord Campbell of 
.Alio way, quoting Lord Elwyn- 
Jones, said: “Reliance upon these 
codes [is] representative of a 
modern and unhealthy trend to- 
wards rules of indeterminate 
status." Lord Campbell went on to 
define five different types of 
statutory code and pointed out 
that some of them — quoting Lord 
Scarman — “lack any legal 
significance", whereas others are 
to all intents and purposes laws of 
the land. 

The Fair Trading Act of 1973 
provided the then newly-created 
Office of Fair Trading with a duty 
io encourage the development of 
industry codes. Section 124(3) 
requires the OFTs director-gen- 

Winston Fletcher urges a critical look at 
the ever-growing list of anomalous measures 
for disciplining the commercial world 

eral “to encourage relevant 
organizations to prepare, and to 
disseminate to their membera, 
codes of practice for guidance in 
safeguarding the interests of con- 
sumers in the United Kingdom". 

Twenty such codes have been 
created, covering such diverse 
services as laundering, double- 
glazing and funerals. However, 
many of these codes by no means 
satisfy the Labour Party. It states 
in its recently published Charter 
For Consumers: “Voluntary codes 
of practice have been introduced 
with the support of the OFT. But 
in too many cases these have 
proved ineffective or limited in 
scope, and the powers of the OFT 
to enforce orders slow and 

The charter proposes '‘statutory 
codes of practice dealing with 
particular aspects of trading or 
with specific trades. They would 
cover all relevant companies and 
be properly enforced." 

One might reasonably ask. what 
is the difference between codes of 
practice and laws? What has 
prompted this new-found fashion 
for codes of practice and what are 
their advantages over traditional, 
oldfashioned statutes? 

The eminently practical just- 
ification for the original Highway 
Code was that it .provided direc- 
tions for sensible behaviour which 
could not possibly be enforced as 
law. For example, while motorists 
can be instructed by the code to 
look in their mirrors before 

overtaking, it would be quite 
impossible to prosecute every 
motorist who foiled to do so. 

The Highway Code can, how- 
ever, to quote Lord Denning, “be 
taken into account by a magistrate 
or judge trying a civil or criminal 
case and is therefore not without 
legal significance" — even though 
it is “not a statute which is 
imperative and which one could 
be punished for disobeying". 
Within this context Lord Den- 
ning added, the Highway Code 
works admirably. 

Similar advantages pertain to 
some of the more recent codes. 
For example, the Industrial Rela- 
tions Act of 1971 authorized the 
secretary of stale to issue a code 
for the guidance of management 
and workers. Its prescriptions are 
taken into account in industrial 
legal actions: so as with the 
Highway Code, they have legal 

Many other industrial codes, 
however, have no (or al least no 
apparent) legal significance. Take 
the code for advertising practice: 
Like most voluntary codes it 
operates- entirely outside the law. 
Yet the Advertising Standards 
Authority executes summary jus- 
tice: an advertiser has no means of 
appeal if he feels unjustly treated. 
Nor has he any recourse to law, 
since publications reserve the 
right to reject advertisements, and 
they always wish to reject 
advertisements that have been 
declared unacceptable by the 

The advocates of voluntary 
codes claim, with some force, that 
they operate more quickly, more 
effectively and more cheaply than 
legislative controls ever could. It is 
argued too that because they have 
the support of the industry con- 
cerned. voluntary codes can be 
and are applied in the spirit as well 
as in the fetter - that being the 
power of self-regulatory justice. 

However, with a profusion of 
new codes being launched — the 
Securities and Investments Board 
will father a host of them, for from 
inexpensively, through its subsid- 
iary self-regulating organizations 
- it is surely time for their legal 
status to be clarified, and for some 
awkward questions to be resolved. 

When, for example. Parliament 
seeks to approve a code word-by- 
word and line-by-line, as it did in 
the case of the recent Local 
Government Act, surely it would 
be more sensible for the code to be 
enacted as law. And where a code 
has statutory backing, as for 
example the Independent Broad- 
casting Authority's code of 
advertising, surely there should be 
some mechanism for legal appeal 
against derisions that can be made 
almost arbitrarily, as many are at 
present, by die statutory body 

One cannot escape the feeling, 
as with all fashions, that the 
present partiality of politicians for 
codes of practice arises at least as 
much from their trendy image as 
from their suitability. “We are 
beset by codes of practice on every 
side," said Lord Airedale in the 
Lords debate. Is it not time we 
tried to sort them out? 

OTtoiM NuMpapm, 1986 

The author is a director of the 


rer using 



In this last week of August, huge 
numbers of Germans are still 
occupying Italy, Greece and the 
South of France. The advert- 
isements in the travel ageuqr 
windows here suggest that the still 
richer ones are seeing action on 
safari in Kenya or in the massage 
parlours of Bangkok. In what one 
would have thought was a bad 
season for politics, the Social 
Democrats (SPD) have chosen 
this week for their party con- 
ference at Nuremberg. 

The unseasonable moment has 
been derided upon because time is 
pressing. A general election is only 
five months away and the hope is 
that those Germans still at home, 
or within reach abroad of West 
German newspapers, will start to 
see and hear a lot of good things 
about Herr Johannes Rau. the 
SPD's candidate for chancellor in 
the January campaign, and that 
this process will go on until 
election day. 

.An alternative theory is that the 
SPD is now like any other left-of- 
centre party and contains a lot of 
jeople, and opinions, which 
tighten most voters. The people, 
and opinions, are the usual ones: 
neutralism, the desire to punish 
the “rich", anything to do with 
“women". It is therefore nec- 
essary, so the alternative theory 
goes, for the more respectable 
Social Democrats, while they still 
control the party, to have the 
conference at a time when not too 
many voters are watching. 

Whatever the truth, these 
respectable ones, as they stroll 
around Nuremberg's restored 
medieval centre while chewing at 
the delirious local delicacy, 
Wurstchen (little sausages, eaten 
three to the bun), will be hoping 
that anyone paying attention to 
the conference will at last realize 
what a good chancellor Herr Rau 
would make. 

Britons occasionally ask of Herr 
Rau what Germans occasionally 
ask of Mr Kin nock: namely, who 
is he? The answer is the same in 
both cases. Herr Rau is amiable, 
warm, compassionate, comes 
from a town which is believed by 
the middle classes to be romanti- 
cally proletarian, has a youthful 
wife, thinks he gets on well with 
ordinary people, is no great reader, 
and has the immense advantage in 
politics of being “underrated.” 

At 54. he is much older than Mr 
Kinnock. Nor was his father's 
occupation all that proletarian 
(Lutheran pastor). They lived, 
however, in a part of the country 
where there are lots of miners (the 
Ruhr). But a similarity with Mr 
Kinnock is that it is cruelly 
suspected of Herr Rau. not least in 
his own party, that inside that 

As the SPD holds its annual conference, 
Frank Johnson assesses the man 
challenging Kohl for the chancellorship 

What hope for 
Neil Kinnock? 

San: warm, compassionate and affable, but 
does he know what's going on? 

affable head not much is going on. 

Concerning the latter, a Herr 
Klaus Bolling is about to say as 
much in a new book on the slate of 
West German politics. Herr Boll- 
ing was official spokesman for the 
last SPD chancellor, Helmut 
Schmidt, and then head of the 
West German mission to East 
Germany. He emphasizes that 
Herr Rau is a splendid prime 
minister of North Rhine-West- 
phalia. the job he at present holds. 
But this is a tactic lo reinforce 
whal Herr Bolling really wants to 
say. which is that Herr Rau would 
not be much good at the big stuff - 
the grand international subjects 
among which Herr Schmidt, and 
by implication, Herr Bolling, were 
at home: 

This is being interpreted as a 
considerable blow to Herr Rau, 

parity because it is broadly true. 
The interesting question is: does it 
mallei? Herr Schmidt appeared to 
be internationally important. But 
at home be achieved the lethal 
feat, for a West German chan- 
cellor, of presiding' over rising 
inflation and unemployment 
That was one of the reasons for the 
desertion of his coalition partners, 
the Free Democrats (FDP). in 
1982 in favour of the internation- 
ally un glamorous Helmut Kohl, 
who has taken care to preside over 
only one of those sets of rising 
statistics (unemployment). 

Herr Rau's difficulties, and the 
reasons that he at present looks 
unlikely to become chancellor in 
January, have nothing to do with 
an alleged lack of a grasp of grand 
theory. Prices are actually falling. 
Unemployment is high by West 

German standards, but is broadly 
confined to areas which would 
vote SPD in any case, such as Heir 
Rau's native North Rhine-West- 

In the present republic, the SPD 
has never gone directly from 
opposition to government It 
emerged as the biggest single party 
in the election of 1969. having 
been in a grand coalition with the 
Christian Democrats since 1966. 
rather in the way that Labour won 
its majority in 1945 only after 
having been in the wartime co- 
alition. After January, the SPD 
could probably lead a government 
only with the support of the 
Greens, who are fading and are 
unpopular among Herr Rau's 
industrial voters. He keeps having 
to say that he would never form a 
coalition with them. Finally, no 
one knows what the SPD’s defence 
policy is. 

Here Heir Rau differs im- 
portantly from Mr Kinnock. Herr 
Rau is really the choice of the old 
right, the best they could do after 
Herr Schmidt’s fell, and in the face 
of that increased left-wing in- 
fluence which is inevitable when- 
ever a socialist party goes into 
opposition. After his re-election 
by a big margin in North Rhine- 
Westphalia last year, he was 
bound to be thought of as the only 
chancellor candidate with a 
chance of winning in 1987. His 
instinct was to decline the honour. 
The party elders persuaded him to 
do his duty. The demands in the 
party for “neutralism", heavier 
taxation and greater state control 
looked more serious, as they 
always do when parties of this 
land are not in government 

Herr Rau's instinct on accept- 
ing the candidacy, was to stay in 
Dfisseldorf — North Rhme- 
Westphalia’s highly unproletarian 
capital — and to say nothing on 
these contentious subjects. But 
every now and then he had to. 
That only adds to the confusion 
about party policy. 

The young and vigorous Ameri- 
can ambassador, Richard Bun, 
has visited him in Dussddorf to 
“brief" him — as the Americans 
put it — on defence. The gist of Mr 
Burt's findings is that Herr Rau is 
“ail right" really, although if that 
gains too wide a currency it will 
get Herr Rau into even more 
trouble in the party. 

Herr Rau's only hope is the 
government's complacency about 
the outcome of the election. There 
is also the belief that, in the end, 
the voters will opt for someone 
who is provincial, unpretentious, 
does not make out he knows a lot 
about foreigners, and gets on well 
with ordinary people. But in that 
case they are just as likely to vote 
for Herr KohL 

Why Mubarak is safe from a coup 

Is the mildly authoritarian regime 
of President Mubarak of Egypt 
about to be swept away by an 
Islamic revolution? Listening to 
Cairo intellectuals (and to many 
western commentators) one might 
think this perennial American 
nightmare is about to come to 

On the face of it. they have a 
point. It is undeniable that 
Mubarak is seen at all levels of 
Egyptian society as a bumbling 
idiot and that lack of direction at 
the top has given a feeling of 
vacuum to Egyptian politics. 

It is also true that the Islamic 
movement is flourishing, and that 
great many ordinary folk, sick of 
rising prices and difficult living 
conditions, are voicing the opin- 
ion that since Nasser’s socialism 
and the late President Sadat's 
capitalism have foiled, they might 
as well give God a try. 

.Amid this general move to- 
wards Islam, its more extreme 
devotees have gained new ground. 
Fundamentalist Muslims now 
have greater power in Egypt than 
before the death of Anwar Sadat 
although they are less noticeable 
on the streets because their beards 
and robes have given way to 
civilian “disguise”. 

The student unions of all the 
country's universities are now 
controlled by fundamentalists. So 
are the ruling bodies of the 

doctors* syndicate and the 
engineers' syndicate, and of the 
lawyers' syndicate outside Cairo. 
These are not posts of power, but 
are very visible. 

The fundamentalists’ influence 
is also strong on two of Egypt's 
three opposition newspapers, At- 
Sha'ab and Al-Ahrar. and they 
have total control of Al-Nur, an 
offshoot of Al-Ahrar. In recent 
weeks Al-Sha'ab and Al-Ahrar 
have sent delegations of journal- 
ists to Iran, who have filed glowing 
reports of life in Tehran. 

In business. Islam is again 
making great strides. Egyptians in 
genera] refuse to invest in any- 
thing other than a Swiss bank; but 
companies run on Islamic lines, 
mostly involved in construction 
and consumer goods — such as 
Rayyan, Sheri f and. Al-Hoda al- 
Masr — have been attracting 
investors by the thousand. They 
offer what amounts to 26% in- 
terest. although in accordance 
with Islam's ban on interest it is 
defined as a share of the profit. 

Many believe that these com- 
panies fund religious extremism. 
The Egyptian government has 
now become sufficiently alarmed 
to attempt to bring them under 


The article on birth control (Aug ! 5) 
was wriuen by -Eric McGraw, not 
Eric McGrath, as staled. 

government control and to stop 
new investment. 

With propaganda, cash, the 
professions and the universities in 
their pockets, the fundamentalists 
nevertheless appear still to lade 
several essentials for a successful 

First is the army. Its loyalty to 
the government has been re- 
inforced by a number of perks. 
These include a guarantee of 
housing on easy terms, not just for 
officers but for NCOs as welL The 
lump-sum payment for retiring 
officers has been significantly 
raised in the past year, on the 
assumption that serving officers 
are less likely to rock the boat if 
promised good retirement terms. 

And then, even if would-be 
revolutionaries have influence 
within the army, it is unlikely that 
they have the command structure 
necessary to effect a coup against 
loyal divisions; The movement 
appears to consist of a number of 
small groups rather than a pyra- 
mid structure. It also lacks an 
obvious figurehead to lead an 
Islamic government. 

Nor would an extremist bar 
nian-style revolution, with its 
overtones of grisly punishments 
and intolerance, have the backing 
of the majority of Egyptians. 
While there is a growing desire for 
a “moderate” form of Islamic 
government the popular mood is 

one of piety rather than Islamic 

Hatred of the existing regime, 
such as existed in Iran under the 
Shah, or indeed in Egypt under 
Sadat which might polarize oppo- 
sition. is another missing ingredi- 
ent Mubarak is regarded with 
contempt rather than intense dis- 
like. This is one reason why the 
Egyptian oligarchy, and Egypt's 
American backers, currently see 
hint as the best available option. 

How the future develops will 
hinge to a great extent on the 
economy. Unless the recent re- 
vival in oil prices is sustained, the 
situation may become more 
vulnerable to Islamic exploitation. 
In any case, half a million fewer 
Egyptians will find work this year 
than last in the rich Arab oil 
nations, adding to the pool of 
discontented Egyptians and 
increasing the possibility of riots. 

Even so. the most likely re- 
action in the short term to 
prolonged disturbance would be 
an army takeover. A new military 
regime would find it prudent to 
pay greater obeisance to Islam 
than the present heirs of Nasser 
and Sadat, but for the moment the 
basic common sense of the Egyp- 
tians suggests that Islamic ex- 
tremists will be excluded from real 

Kate finch 


Abandon your 

In a recent issue nl l he -S/HVWfrv. 
I came across these opening 
sentences of an economics com- 
mentary: “The Viscount White- 
law of Penrith is a big lad. It is. 
perhaps, just as well. A more 
fra gi le frame might have buckled 
under the combined weight of 
Lords Cledwjn and E/fa. and 
Lady Sccar. applied ai the end of a' 
long" hard summer in the Upper 
House." t M 

Reading those words in. New 
York, one experiences a sense of 
vertigo. Is this serious journalism 
or a mimicry of Evelyn Waugh? 
Arc those real people, or fictitious? 
And if- as one suspects - they are 
real people, why aren't they using 
their real names? 

■ Let me sav quickly that I have 
nothing against the House of 
Lordi-or the peerage in general, or 
titles and honours of any kind, 
even hereditary ones. They are 
indeed rather nice and serve the 
purpose of encouraging individ- 
uals to pursue lor maintain) 
personal distinction, something 
verv desirable in our democratic 
age’ In this respect, they resemble 
military decorations. 

But there is this difference: 
People do not ordinarily walk 
around in civilian clothes with 
their military decorations on loud 
display: nor do they change their 
names after being decorated. They 
reserve their use of medals and 
ribbons for ceremonial occasions. 

Whv whould it be otherwise 
with titles? Why should anyone 
wish it to be otherwise? 

So I will make a modest 
proposal: From this time on. let 
the British media ignore all titles 
except on ceremonial oicadons. 
Call people Mr. or Miss. Mrs or 
even Ms. Let everyone travel 
through life under his or her real 
name : Oil ceremonial occasions, 
tlieir assumed names may he given 
in parenthesis, or rice versa. 

As many will be quick to realize, 
this is a somewhat less innocent 
proposal than it seems. That is 
because it touches on one of the 
most sensitive of British concerns. 

I refer, of course, to class and class 

The English arc a very peculiar 
people. They exude class distinc- 
tions and consciousness as a 
spider exudes his web. But. unlike 
the spider, a great many English- 
men (and many more Welsh and 
Scots) find themselves trapped in 
their own web. and are likely to 
become irritated, frustrated . or 
even downright enraged. This is . 
an unhealthy situation. 

1 remember seeing John 
Osborne's Look Back hr Anger 
early in its London run. My 
younger British friends thought ft 
was a wonderful play. I was 

completely baffled. Why didn t 
this hero simply tell his wife s 
foi her and family to go away and 
slop bothering him? Indeed, ihcv 
weren't bothering him. so far as l 
could determine, hut he was 
nevertheless bothered by them — 
bothered to the point of fury- 
Obviously, it had something io do 
with the sense .of class, but. I 
couldn't figure out what, or why. 

l also 'reeall whervas co-editor 
with Stephen Spender of En- 
counter. • we published Nancy 
Milford's fomous article on U and 
non-U. I thought it an amusingly 
perceptive littic essay, and was 
startled bv the public uproar that 
followed.' <1 believe that even 
Stephen was surprised:) : 

Once again, .the spectre of class 

seemed to be haunting the British 

Nancy Mhfordz perceptive; but 
why all the fuss? 

imagination, though in way’s that 
an American could not easily 
comprehend. Why 'should anyone 
much care whether a “napkin” is 
or is not a “serviette"? 

But it is clear that the British 
people do care. It is. also dear to 
me that there is an element of self- 
destructiveness in this caring. 
Since returning to; America, al- 
most three decades ago. I have 
met dozens of British emigres who 
have assured me -that escaping 
from the “class system" way one of 
the blessings they most appre- 
ciated in America. When I in- 
quired further, it always turned 
out that this “class system” was 
less a sociological reality than a 
subjective code that governed 
perception and 'sensibility. But it 
was nonetheless real for that 

So it does seem to me that the 
British media — print, radio and 
tele vision — would alleviaie.much 
psychic anxiety, and diminish 
whal. in extreme cases, amounts 
to psychic trauma, if they simply 
began to ignore all those titles in 
their mundane reportage. It's a 
small step, but m the right 
direction. It is also an easy step to 
make. To do iu all you have lo do 
is — doit . 

The author is editor qfjht Public 
Interest . . . . J 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Yes sir, yes sir, 

Today’s column is devoted en- 
tirely to fetters received recently 
from avid collectors, all of them 
answered by our regular expert. 
Rupert Curio. Dr Curio, you may 
be interested to know, was re- 
cently offered the post of director 
of the National Gallery, but 
turned it down on the grounds that 
Trafalgar Square was not the sort 
of area he cared to be seen. in. All 
yours. Rupert 

I have recently started collect- 
ing teabags and already have a ■ 
collection of over 600.-What: 
was the earliest known teabag? — 
CM. of Newcastle. 

As for as we know, the earliest 
teabag was made as long ago as 
1 824 by Mrs Harriet Townsend of 
BristoL It was hand stitched from 
finest Irish linen, and em- 
broidered with a scene from Byron 
on one side and with homely 
proverbs on the other, it cos: the 
equivalent of a working man's 
annual wage, so it was presumably 
not intended fora mass markeL it 
was, by the way, re-usable — one 
simply unstitched the teabag after 
use and filled it with fresh tea. 

The second known teabag was 
made in 1825. also by Mrs Harriet 
Townsend. By 1830 she was up to 
three teabags a year. - 
1 enclose a photograph of a . . 

picture which I recently fotmd in 
my attic. It is dated 1850, and 
is of an unknown Victorian lady* 
who seems to be sewing or 
knitting. Can yoa tell me anything 
about it? — GLM. of BtackpooL - - 
Yes. It is rubbish. 

Can you teD me anything else 
about It? - G JVL of Blackpool; 

Yes. Very often when wc find an 
object that is rubbish al first sight, 
there are often ways of increasing 
its value by careful juggling with 
the facts. If. for instance, this 
turned out to be the only known 
portrait ofMrsHaniei Townsend 
actually making one of her fabu- 
lous teabags, and this can be done 
with the right expea then your 
painting would be worth thou- 
sands of pounds. At least, it would 
be when the early history .of 
teabags became more popular. 

I recently went through my at- 
tic in the hope of finding some- 
thing incredibly valuable 
among the usual family rubbish. . 
Much to my chagrin, I found 
the attic entirely bare except for. ' 
the water tank. I enclose a pic- , 
tore of tite water uni, which has 
been iu the family for genera- • • 
tions-Doyou think it is worth 
anything? - M.T ofS.W.1 1. 

It is hard to tell from your 
photo, which seems to have been 
taken in the dark, but this could be 
a;veiy rare find, if indeed it is an 
example of the Townsend Utility 
Tea Carrier. At the outbreak of the 
Crimean War. there was a sudden 
demand for new methods' of 

refreshment , for. the troops, and. 
Mrc Harriet Townsend of Bristol 
invented the first method of 
dispensing 'tea en masse. She 
mounted a tank on wheels and put 
pOfow-slips filled with tea into the 
boiling water, these are believed to 
be the biggest tea-bags ever made. 
Later. Mrs Townsend’s invention 
was adapted .to.' make the first 
water cannon... . V- 

Pm a coHectoriadrecoBipar- 
aiively new field af methods of 
crowd and riot control and I 
have receutfyacqukeda primitive 

water cannon from the Vio 

tunaa era. Can you explain tome 
how it works? — DJK. of Edin- 

Certainly. The very first water 
camions were-actuaHy powered by 
the- mob itself. . A' Jkijge cushion 
filled with water was laid down in 
the expected path of- the unruly 
and dissatisfied crowd. As they 
rushed oyer, this' j»d of water; the 
, pressure onthe liquid inside built 
up so much that when they turned 
the next corner,- they found a large 
nozzle foring them; when ac- 
tivated it released ajet of water at 
very high velocity. The machine, 
the so-called .Townsend Squirter, 
fell into d&use when mobs learned 
to. step round the water-filled 

X spedafizeia locating sub- 
merged wrecks and pandering 
them.That is why they have 
found so little of value in the 
Titanic— I got there first many 
years ago. However, that is by the 
by. I just wanted to know out of 

HM^^Towosend In later 
years. — XN. of BristoL 

Embittered by the foilure of the 
Townsend Squirter. Mrs 
Townsend next embraced the 
invention of the telephone. She 
invented the idea of the answering 
machine, but as there was no 
machine, capable of taking re- 
corded messages in those days, she 
arranged a stenographer to be 
present id every empty house 
while the owner was out, just t 0 
take messages. The service was a 

**“ TowT «*nd 
Telephone Girls, as they were 
known, later went on a trium- 
phant visit to New York, where 
many of them fell m love with and 
became married to American 
aristocrats. n 

Harriet Townsend spent her 
dcdirang , years, dabbling 
spxntulism and claimed to be " 
constant contact with the snirit 
Bmnel When.Prosrt for Sea', 0 / 
die would only say that he 


:t . 


• r '; 



f Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


outer London orbital road housing demand in a tract of Mr Bottomlev. like Mr 

Eye to the future in education 

1 *'^ s conceived as a deconges- 
,an ?- Through traffic, es- 
heavy goods vehicles, 
would be filtered round the 
conurbation relatively pain- 
es %- LffVston roads would be 
spared. At the expense of huge 
landscaping works for the 
**2S«.1he obtrusiveness of the 
motorway itself would be 

Thtfplanners of this all-too- 
successful road were Pangloss- 
,an - . They underestimated 
traffic volumes, and especially 
the extent to which the exis- 
I tence of the road would gen- 
\ erate new traffic, much of it for 
l journeys within the conurba- 
I lion. ■ 

A cynic jnighl wonder if the 
oSviops weak j n the girdle 
round London, the Dartford 
Tunnel under the Thames, was 
left deliberately as a bottle- 
neck in order to deter traffic by 
queuing. Such far sightedness 
would be out of character. The 
planners of the M25 (under 
which, description fall the 
members of at least two Cabi- 
nets .of opposite political 
philosophy and a generation of 
engineers and consultants) re- 
fused to make preparation for 
the road's premier effect. They 

treated the M25 as a mere road 
instead of also as a generator of 
ccffinomic^tdcvclopmcnt and 

housing demand in a tract of 
land that is already under 
heavy pressure and where 
development is by official 
edict under “severe restraint”. 

To the motorist user of the 
M25. any decision to remedy 
congestion on the road will be 
welcome. The decision to up- 
grade the south-eastern section 
of the North Circular Road 
and to build a new bridge to 
cany it over the Thames looks 
sensible as a way of reducing 
pressure on the motorway. It is 
not without irony, however, 
that an inner-orbital road is 
now being used to relieve an 
outer-orbital road the justifica- 
tion for which originally was to 
obviate the need for the inner 
orbital to be upgraded. 

The Department of Trans- 
port has announced that a 
heavily over-used section of 
the motorway around the M3 
interchange is to be widened, 
and has promised a watching 
brief over other sections of 
road, with a view to increasing 
their capacity if necessary. The 
Department, a frequent butt of 
criticism, has begun to prove 
itself an able manager of road 

refurbishment programmes 
and there is every good reason 
to accept Mr Peter Bouomley’s 
assurances that the flow of 
vehicles on the road will be 
improved “within months". 

Mr Botiomley, like Mrs Linda 
Chalker before him. is finding 
the Department of Transport a 
kind home for a Minister with 
no fixed views about the 
expenditure of public money. 

Widening the M25 between 
junctions 10 and 13 is simple. 
It does not substitute for the 
further choices which the 
motorway’s existence will 
present to this Government 
and its successors. Among. 
these is the balance to be 
struck in the motorway’s use 
between “local” traffic and- 
long distance users. Conges- 
tion on the motorway may 
require a reduction in the 
number of access points. The 
movement of vehicles within 
the London conurbation itself 
is part of the equation, insepa- 
rable from decisions about the 
public transport network and 
its subsidies. Perhaps most 
pressing of all is the dawning' 
recognition that the motorway 
is attracting development, 
from warehouses to new 
houses, and provision will 
have to be made right around 
the green belt- 
Expanding the M2S’s capac- 
ity is easy. Expanding the 
capacity of the south east of 
England to grow without 
reducing the amenity and 
“quality of life" of the inhab- 
itants of the shires around the 
capital is impossible. 


Last wetk’s decision by the 
Sudanese government to break 
off talks with the rebel Suda- 
nese People’s Liberation Army 
has dashed whatever hope 
■remained of a swift conclusion 
to thcrivfl war in the south. As 
a result, the unfortunate 
inhabitants of southern Sudan 
arc likply to bear the full force 
of ihcpresenl famine; there is a 
risk of further instability. 
gifTenshatpyhc present govern- 
ment jame to power last May- 
on a pledge to end the civil 
war. and any chance of eco- 
nomy recovery has been post- 
pone^ indefinitely. 

The logical course for the 
Sudanese government now 
woulej be to resume negotia- 
tions fs soon as possible. Bui 
quite apart from the usual 
Sudarpe preference for doing 
no*5?£Vhe Prime Minister. 
Sadcqlaf-Mahdt. is swayed by 
concern for his own position in 
Khartoum where feeling is 
running strongly against the 

Notonly was public opinion 
in the capital outraged by the 
shooting down of the civilian 
airliner, but the outstanding 
demand of the rebels for the 
repeal : of Islamic Sharia law 
cannot be granted without 

creating intolerable pressure in 
the north. Though weak in the 
country as a whole, the Mus- 
lim Brothers have the ability 
to paralyse the capital with 

Eventually, some form of 
compromise will have to be 
reached which involves grant- 
ing a greater share of power for 
southerners in the central gov- 
ernment. The north needs the 
resources of the south, and the 
south, riven with tribal rival- 
ries, could not survive on its 
own. But can the traditional 
northern feelings of contempt 
for the southerners be modi- 

. . While there is little the rest _ 
of the world can do to help 
solve such fundamental prob- 
lems. the Immediate course of 
events is already being in- 
fluenced by outside interests. 

It is to the advantage of both 
the Russians and the Ethio- 
pians. who provide bases and 
support for the SPLA. that 
pro-Wesiem Sudan should be 
destabilized, ll was perhaps to 
lessen these pressures that 
Sadcq al-Mahdi recently vis- 
ited Moscow, but it is hard to 
see an end to the war along 
that route. 

Colonel Gadaffi has also 
entered the scene. At the 

invitation of the Sudanese 
government, he ha% provided a 
small amount of military assis- 
tance to the government. But 
Colonel Gadaffi is a dubious 
helpmeet. He has always had 
ambitions to extend his em- 
pire to the Red Sea and once 
he has a foot in the door, he 
may be reluctant to remove iL 

It is clearly in the interests of 
the West that the new Suda- 
nese government should 
strengthen its fragile pro-West- 
ern democracy and achieve 
stability. But Sadcq al-Mahdi 
cannot afford to be tarred with 
the overtly pro-Western brush 
of his predecessor, nor can he 
be seen to accept the amount 
‘of military aid which would 
"suggest. client status. However, 
he docs need — and would 
doubtless accept — economic 
aid and a discreet increase in 
the military assistance he now 

Britain already provides 
military' training on a modest 
scale, but more help along 
these lines is needed, particu- 
larly in counlcr-insurgencv 
measures. Such assistance wifi 
not defeat the rebels in itself, 
but it may strengthen the 
Sudanese government’s hand 
in forging what must, in the 
end. be a negotiated solution. 


Moscow intends to impress 
the world with an image of 
religious toleration by allow- 
ing! ‘clcbthtions to mark the 
millennium of Russian Ortho- 
doxy in 1988. But there is an 
earlier anniversary which the 
Soviet authorities are less will- 
ing to commemorate: the 
600th anniversary of the com- 
ing of Christianity to Lithua- 
nia which falls next year. 

Already there is pressure 
frpm priests and people in this 
staunchly Catholic state to 
invite Pope John Paul II to 
attend the celebrations. Re- 
cently' 127 priests petitioned 
their bishops to start the 
delicate diplomacy necesssary 
for lavish. And the Pope 
himself has expressed his in- 
terest in a visit. Writing last 
May~ to Bishop Julijonas 
Stcponavicius (who is 
rumoured to have been 
apppointed cardinal in pectore 
seven years ago), the Pope 
promised to be with the 
Lithuanians during their 
celebrations, “in prayer and in 
I all Qthri possible ways”. But 
liic atheist authorities in 
IjthuaU 3 havc made it known 
that a papal visit is unlikely. 
-.TberfJ^ngth of religious 
fcding^ n this republic on 
upland's eastern border is 

Uotvuch ado 

Lfljtfisr/. C May 
Ljfafltfce world's a stage, where 


t mb * paid-up. card-carrying 
Lri&at the Royal Shakespeare 
Sripauy^ Barbican mailing list 
grandly known as an 
t^jjpndon Associate. It has 
Irtaffain summer, with only two 
rLg Jgard's works currently 
I'Tpcrformed out of a total of 
EpM^Gf^ns on offer. 

LgtjiaP nyjr amazement and 
reStemmt on opening the 
r^tjooking information for 
rgyuin (October I to January 
Eg7)f5 find that there is noia 
t:«jricespearean piece due to 
i^bsffled at the RSCs Lon- 

evident: the many clandestine 
documents which circulate 
there - and eventually reach 
the West - describe mass 
demonstrations in defence of 
persecuted priests and patri- 
ots. The 70th issue of the 
underground Chronicle of the 
Lithuanian Catholic Church 
describes the funeral of Father 
Juozas Zdcbskis. who died last 
February in a car accident 
under suspicious circum- 
stances and reminds its read- 
ers of other limes when priests 
have been murdered without 
the perpetrators being brought 
to justice. 

The briefly independent 
slate of Lithuania was incor- 
porated into the Soviet Union 
in 1 940. and here, as in 
Poland, the blend of religious 
and nationalist feelings is a 
potentially explosive mix. A 
papal visit would be a cal- 
culated risk on the part of the 
Soviet authorities. This risk 
would be all the greater follow- 
ing the Chernobyl disaster, 
which caused widespread pro- 
test in Lithuania against the 
new Ignalina nuclear power 
station near Vilnius which is 
due to come on stream later 
this year. 

The Baltic states have not 
been entirely forgotten by 

Since the Barbican Theatre 
opened in London it has been the 
custom (and I believe the inten- 
tion) that the best of the RSC 
Stratford productions should 
transfer to London after 
a“ reasonable” period. What is the 
hold-up and why? 

Yours, deprived. 


21 Lower Addison Gardens. 
Holland Road, WI4. 

Paying in cathedrals 

From Mrs R. IV. Schem e! 

Sir. Charging admission to re- 
ligious . and historical places of 
worship (leading article, August 
I S) should be considered a fact of 
life rather than an act of merce- 
nary effrontery. 

Western countries, which have 
refused to to recognize the 
legality of Soviet rule there. 
Prisoners of conscience such 
as Father Tamkevicius. now- 
serving a six-year sentence in a 
labour camp, arc supported by 
human rights groups: the poet 
Gintautas Icsmanias was 
named an honorary member 
of the American centre of the 
International Pen Club when 
serving a six-year term in strict 
regime camps. And Baltic 
cmgircs ha\c designated Au- 
gust 23 a “Black Ribbon Day” 
to commemorate the anniver- 
sary of the Mololov-Ribbcn- 
trop Pact in 1939 which 
opened the door to the Soviet 
occupation of the Baltic states. 
But the scale of protest hardly 
compares with that raised, for 
example, over apartheid in 
South Africa. 

A papal visit to Vilnius next 
year would certainly be greeted 
with a massive public 
demonstration of loyalty to a 
faith older than communism. 
But whether or not a Papal 
visit materializes — and the 
scales must be lipped against 
it — the Lithuanians and their 
neighbours deserve to be 
remembered by the rest of the 
world, and noi just in their 
anniversary year. 

Perhaps a cathedral/abbey pass, 
similar to National Trust 
membership, would encourage 
visits to churches and spread the 
visitors around to some of ihc 
lesser known yet inspiring cathe- 

The tourist who is a sincere 
cathedral “bulT'. when confronted 
with paying an entrance fee. will 
probably choose in favour of 
louring "Westminster Abbey and 
forego buying the extra souvenir; 
while the devout souvenir hunter 
will probably choose in favour ofa 
free stroll through Si James's Park 
and leave the abbey less crowded. 
Yours truly. 

Kingshiil House. 

Berry Lane, 

Chorleywood. Hertfordshire. 

From Dr Christopher Cullen 
..Sir, Science teachers have been 
'assured that the new GCSE sylla- 
buses will lead to a greater 
awareness of the social, economic, 
environmental and other implica- 
. lions of their subjects. I have just 
received a specimen paper for 
GCSE electronics from the Mid- 
Jand Examining Group, in which 
candidates are asked to list the 
advantages and disadvantages of 
using microprocessors in the con- 
trol systems of cars. 

In the accompanying “Guide- 
lines for marking” the first 
“disadvantage” listed is that the 
new design “might require fewer 
people to assemble the car”. 

Are we to understand that an 
answer which listed this as an 
advantage would have been 
marked wrong? If the effect of 
GCSE-style social awareness is to 
inculcate such Luddite attitudes in 
our future technologists there will 
soon be no British car industry to 
employ them, however finely their 
environmental sensitivities may 
have been honed. 

Perhaps the examiner who set 
the question might tike to com- 
ment on the social, economic, 
environmental and other implica- 
tions of thaL 
Yours faithfully, 

C. CULLEN (Head of Physics), 
Highgale School, 

Highgate. N6. 

August 18. 

From Dr H. M. R. E. Mayr- 

Sir, it is a pity that the President of 
the Historical Association (August 
19) should hijack his own ex- 
cellent point about English lan- 
guage teaching with the very 
dubious one about compulsory 
twentieth-century British history 
for all 14 - 16-year-olds. It is 
doubtful whether boys and girls of 
this age could learn much that 
would help them specifically as 
voting citizens, and extremely 
dangerous to suggest that knowl- 
edge rather than interest is the 
right basis for voting. 

What one acquires from the 
study of history, apart from pure 
interest (in the other sense), is an 

Academic standards 

From Professor P. .-f. Reynolds 
Sir. Your Education Correspon- 
dent has either read with only half 
an eye the report on academic 
standards in universities on which 
she writes (August 20) or has 
decided deliberately to ignore a 
major problem to which the report 

It is not possible to compare an 
apple with a lamb chop except in 
terms of individual preference. It 
is possible to compare an apple 
with another apple by identifying 
a number of standards — or 
measures - such as sweetness, 
crispness, juiciness, by which it 
can be generally agreed that this 
apple is belter than that one. 

It would, of course, be possible 
so to “standardize" degree pro- 
grammes that they could be 
compared in the same way as two 
apples. This would require, in the 
words of the report 
an explicit and exclusive 
determination of the purposes of 
higher education and a universally- 
applied blueprint of entry criteria, of 
teaching and assessment processes, 
and of classification procedures. 

It has long been thought — 
perhaps mistakenly — that one of 

Locusts in Africa 

From Mrs Angus Mitchell 
Sir. You reported on August 5 that 
locust swarms were building up in 

In his reminiscences my grand- 
father. Major-General R. E Ken- 
yon. RE wTote: “The hardest 
physical work I have ever had was 
destroying locusts in Cyprus." 

In 1883 canvas screens were 
erected at right angles to the line of 
march of hopping locusts. Along 
the top of each screen was a broad 
strip of oilcloth, kept slippery by 
men with sponges full of oil. AL 
intervals were similar vertical oily 

St John’s Lodge 

From the President of the 
Commonwealth Association of 

Sir. Lord Perth's timely observa- 
tions (feature. August 6) on the St 
John’s Lodge. Regent's Park fiasco 
and the consequent loss to Lon- 
don of the great Fred Koch 
collection leads one to wonder, yet 
again, why we never learn from 
our nearest neighbours in France. 

The new Picasso Museum in 
! Paris is housed in a previously 
n^lected 1 7th-ceniury master- 
piece known as the Hotel Sale on 
the rue de Thorigny. which is older 
and of far greater architectural 
distinction than the dreary St 
John's Lodge. 

With characteristic flair, its 
architect Roland Simounet has 
transformed the interior to create 
a thoroughly 20th-century context 
for the Picasso collection and done 
it in an authoritative and imagi- 
native way which counter-bal- 
ances perfectly the old and the 

There is no sign of hesitant 
historically pedantic procrastina- 
tion. As a result Paris now 
deservedly possesses a superb 
setting for an incomparable collec- 
tion. giving back to the Marais 
quartera revitalised building that 
is a joy. both visually and 
organisationally, to visit 
How sad that such an opportu- 
nity has been unnecessarily lost to 
London, and for reasons that do 
not bear scrutiny. 

Yours faithful iv, 



Commonwealth Association of 

14 Richmond Place, 

Brighton. Sussex. 

August 14. 

appreciation of the kinds of 
perspective in which one must 
look at any society. I should have 
thought that that could be equally 
well acquired from the study of 
any period of history. 

Yours faithfully. 

St Peter’s College, 


August 19. 

From Mr John Hawes 
Sir, Your Education 
Correspondent's, report (August 
12) on the- expected enquiry into 
the ways schools teach English bad 
a particular relevance for me when 
read here in France. My special 
interest is in the effect of a lack of 
knowledge of English grammar on 
the study of foreign languages. 

Both my elder children have 
studied modern languages for A 
level. As a modern-language 
graduate, working in industry and 
using my languages regularly. I 
have been able to help them with 
their work. Not surprisingly, the 
intricacy of French grammar was 
one problem area for them but. 
before we could tackle that prob- - 
Icm. 1 had to initiate them in the 
basics of English grammar, they 
had practically no knowledge 
at all. 

Industry finds it extremely diffi- 
cult to recruit people with a good 
knowledge of one or more Euro- 
pean Languages. I suggest that by 
not (caching English grammar in 
our schools wc are contributing to 
this scarcity by making the study 
of foreign languages harder' and 
therefore less attractive. 

Grammar is the framework of 
language and- would not a Utile 
knowledge of it — say taught in the 
first year of secondary schooling — 
help the power of written and 
spoken communication which are 
so important for the young, at 
every level of attainment when 
competing for a first job? 

Yours faithfully. 



29139 Nevcz. 



August 1 5. 

the great strengths of the British 
university system was its ability to 
offer a variety of degree pro- 
grammes. structured in different 
ways, combining different sub- 
jects. using different methodolo- 
gies. taught and assessed by 
• different methods. 

If this variety is not to be lost it 
is not possible to lay down “what 
standards should be reached by 
students who are awarded a first- 
class degree or an upper second, 
and in relation to what body of 
knowledge” (in your 
Correspondent's words). 

The above statements arc. of 
course, too stark, as the report 
recognizes. The question is Row 
far and in what ways wc should 
standardize (thus reducing vari- 
ety) in order to give comparisons 
greater validity. 

On this opinions-will differ. It is 
likely that the more advanced the 
education the less far should 
standardization go. But the prob- 
lem is a real one and it docs not 
help simply to ignore iL 
Yours faithfully. 


Lattice Collage. 


Catnforth. Lancashire. 

strips, leading into deep pits. 

The locusts could not pass the 
oilcloth, fell into the pits “so fast 
that the sound was like rushing, 
water” and were smothered by 
shovelfuls of earth. 

With 315 miles of screens, at 
least 195.000 million locusts were 
destroyed in 1883 and one quarter 
of that number in 1884. Thereafter 
Cyprus was not troubled by 

Yours faithfully. 

20 Regent Terrace, 


August 20. 

For the record 

From Mr Mark Stone 
Sir. This morning I went to collect 
my car, which had been repaired 
after a crash. As I was comprehen- 
sively insured and in no way 
responsible for the crash I as- 
sumed all I had to do was sign for 
the car and drive off. 

No! I had to pay a £25 
surcharge. I took the receipt to my 
insurance broker, who tells me he 
will send this to my insurance 
company (who paid for the car to 
be repaired) and it will send my 
broker £25. He will then send me a 
cheque for £25. 

Yours etc, 


2 Long Cottage, 

Church Street, 

Leatherhead, Surrey. 

August 6. 

Totally improper 

From Mr Stuart I. Alexander 
Sir. When 1 was a carpenter in 
New Zealand we normally worked 
to the nearest eighth of an inch, 
and used “full” and “bare” to 
describe sixteenths. One and three 
sixteenths — a mouthful to say. let 
alone bawl across a windy build- 
ing site — would therefore be 
expressed either as “one and an 
eighth full” or as “one and a 
quarter bare”. I found this useful, 
and still mutter such measure- 
ments to myself as I work on jobs 
in my flaL 

Are people who ask for a full 
fraction therefore actually seeking 

a little more? 

Yours faithfully. 


102 The Drive Mansions, 

Fulham Road, 5W6. 

August 15. 

Refugee status 
in Djibouti 

From Dr A/. Louise Pirouet 
Sir. May 1 draw attention to a 
further hidden refugee crisis 
affecting some 1 7.000 refugees in 
Djibouti. They have received a 
letter, dated July 29. 1986 and 
signed by the Minisjer of the 
Interior, in which they are told, 
that the majority of them left 
Ethiopia for reasons which no 
longer exist .today and they should 
therefore no longer be considered 
as refugees. 

If they accept voluntary repatri- 
ation under the amnesty pro- 
claimed by the Dengue in 1983 
they will receive assistance, to do 
so. However, 

All those who do not accept to 
repatriate voluntarily to Ethiopia, 
must request individually continu- 
ation of their refugee status. A 
special Committee will be created by 
the Qjibouiian-Auihorities to exam- 
ine those requests and will take 
decisions rapidly which would not 

be subject to appeal All those 

who will havc lost their refugee 
status must leave the Qfiboutian 
territory. They will not receive, any 
assistance of any kind as opposed! to 
those who will repatriate mt- 
imtarify ... In the meanwhile and 
with immediate effect all pro- 
gramme*: iff' assistance for resettle- 
nwnt to . third . countries arc 
suspended [emphasis in original]. 4 

Faced with this, threat, the 
refugees arc- appealing to .the 
international community. The po- 
sition of the UN High Commis- 
sion for Refugees is unclean on the 
one hand they are involved in this 
programme of “voluntary” 
repatriation; on the other they are 
committed as. an organisation to 
Lhe protection of refugees and the 
prevention of refoulement. 

Although the Deigue has pro- 
claimed an amnesty for returned, 
it has to be remembered that 
political imprisonment and tor- 
ture on a wide scale are still 
practised in Ethiopia. Amnesty 
International's Ethiopia : Political 
Imprisonment and Torture, pub- 
lished in June of -this 
year, welcomes recent prisoner re- 
leases but documents continuing 
and serious abuses of human 

The statement by the 
Djiboulian authorities that the 
conditions which drove ■ people 
into exile no longer obtain is 
therefore difficult to understand. 
The refugees include many who 
fled for their lives to avoid torture 
and imprisonment for political 
opinions or because of their ethnic 

Yours sincerely. . . 


8 Gcldart Street. Cambridge. ■ - 

Morality and Aids 

From Dr R.P. T DatcnportJ lines 
Sir. In -his vindictive article- on 
Aids (August 19) Digby Anderson 
claims that disseminating 
information about methods of 
transmission of the disease is of 
liule preventive value and calls 
Instead foremphasisof “the moral- 
aspects of Aids” and a reassertion 
of “traditional morality”: Anyone 
familiar with ihc-sotiai of medical- 
history of sexually transmitted 
diseases could tell him that such- 
advice is disastrous. ~ 

In the period when syphilis was 
potentially a fatal illness attempts 
to reduce it by- moralistic hector- 
ing not- only failed to restrain 
scxual'-contacls', by 

stigmatising the disease, made it 
less likely for victims to seek 
medical advice. 

Publicising methods of pro- 
phylaxis — that is. making sex 
safer — conversely had consid- 
erable impact before the discovery 
of curative drugs like Salvarsan. 
Human nature docs not change: 
what was bad policy with syphilis 
will be bad policy with Aids. 

Mr Anderson makes other ' 
claims which- arc medically du- 
bious. but the most objectionable 
feature of his article is cowardli- 
ness: “I am not. yet hounding 
homosexuals”, he writes, knowing 
full weH that if his precepts were 
followed, hounding ofa peculiarly 
cruel sort would ensue. 

Your obedient servant ■ . 

London School of Economics and . 
Political Science. 

Business History' Unit 
Lionel Robbins Building. 

10 Portugal Street. WC2. 

August 19. 

Way ahead for water i 

From Councillor Nadia Conway 
Sir. I hope your readers won’t be 
misled by the article by. Alex 
Henney. “The way ahead for 
water” (August 19), into believing 
that consumer consultative com- 
mittees are merely mouthpieces 
for the water companies. 

I am a member of such a ■ 
committee; appointed by my local 
borough — other members being 
appointed by various interest 
groups —and ! do not think any of 
us see our job .as maintaining a 
front for the water authorities. 

On the contrary, we scrutinize 
its activities closely and act as 
intermediaries for any complaints 
or queries from consumers. 

All the functions that Mr 
Henney would require of an 
independent commission are cov- 
ered by existing consumer consul- 
tative committees. Even if the 
committees were to be given 
statutory powers of an indepen- 
dent commission their influence 
would still be limited to the 
enthusiasm and commitment of 
their members. 

The formation of statutory bod- 
ies is not a short cut to a consu- 
mers’ nirvana and I frankly doubt 
that consumers would, be better 
served under ^different system. .. 

Yours truly. 


London Borough of Enfield, 

Members’ Room, 

Gvic Centre, Silver Street, . 

Enfield, Middlesex. 


AUGUST 26. 1875 

Captain Matthew Webb {1848- 
I883)swam from Dooer to Calais 
in 21 hr 45^ min, covering nearly 

40 miles. On July 24. 1883. he was 
drowned while attempting to swim 
the rapids and whirlpool at the 
foot of Niagara Falls. The record 
time for the Channel crossing 
(Dooer— Gris-Nez) is 7 hr 40 min, 
set by Penny Deem in July, 1978. 


The second attempt of Captain 
Webb to swim across the Channel 
i has -been crowned with success 
after a display of indomitable 
courage and extraordinary powers 
of endurance. 

1 At four minutes to 1 o'clock' on 
Tuesday afternoon Captain Webb 
' dived from the steps at the bead of 
t the Admiralty Pier, Dover, and at 
41 minutes past 10 o'clock yester- 
; day morning he touched the sands 
[ on the French coast, about a couple 

: of hundred yards to the west of the 

■ pier at Calais, having remained in 
1 the water, without even touching a 
boat on his. way, no less than 21% 

1 hours. During the early part of the 
journey Captain Webb was partic- 
ularly favoured by the weather. 
The sea was quite calm, and not a 
• breath of wind could be felt. 

« Consequently, the lugger which 
accompanied him across the Chan- 
nel had, for the greater part of the 
way, to be roweo. Captain Webb 
was also accompanied by two small 
rowing boats in immediate atten- 
\ dance, upon himself, one contain- 
ing his cousin, Mr. Ward, who 
supplied him occasionally with 
refreshments, and one of the 
referees who had been appointed at 
Captain Webb's own request to see 
fair play, and the other to take 
messages backwards and forwards 
to the lugger. Nothing occurred 
particularly worthy of comment 
until about 9 o'clock, when Captain 
Webb complained of being stung 
. by a jelly fish, and asked for a little 
brandy. He had previously been 
supplied, with some cod liver oil 
» and hot coffee. The weather was 
simply perfect and Captain Webb 
L was swimming with a long clean 
breast stroke which drove him well 
through the water, and, owing, to 
the phosphorescent state of the 
sea. occasionally surrounded him 
with a sort of halo. At 10.30 he was 
i visited by a steam tug, which had 
put off from Dover for the purpose, 

, and which, .strange to say, left the 
man who had ploughed through Lhe 
waves for over nine hours without 
even the encouragement of a 
parting cheer. At .1 1.45, however, a 
Dover boat, on its way to Calais, 
gave cheer after cheer to greet the 
man who had already done so 
- much, and ohe.of the boats burnt a 
I red llght, which.cast a mddy glow 
lover the' scene and lighted up the] 

- I face of Captain Webb, so that he I 

- (was distinctly,- seen by -those on I 
(board the' mail boat At 2 o’clock j 
(Captain Webb was still swimming ( 
( bravely on. and Cape Grishez Light I 
(seemed close at hand. Unfortu-| 
(irately, the tide now took him j 
( further and further away from the( 

( shore. Captain Webb at this period ( 
(gave evident signs of fatigue, and] 
[young Baker, well known as a j 
(diver, sat with a life line round him | ' 
J by the side of the referee, in case of J 
(accident, as it was by many] 
(supposed that the long exposure to J 
[cold might cause become [ 
[suddenly insensible and-'to sink[ 

| without a moment's warning. This, | 
[however, was not the -case. He J 
(struggled manfully on. and by 91 
[o'clock was within a mile of the] 
(shore, a little to. the westward of] 
(Calais, and Baker, who is only 16 1 
(years of age, plunged' in add kept} 

I Webb company and encouraged [ 

| him to continue. Unfortunately a I 
| breeze had sprung up about 7 in the | 

I morning. The sea, which hitherto ] 

| had been like a sheet of glass, was j 
[ now tossing him about in the midst | 

J of crested waves. He was evidently [ 
j fearfully exhausted. The tide was j 
| running strongly away from shore, j 
[which was at 9.45 only half a mile [ 

[ distant. Fortunately a boat belong- [ 
[ing to the Steam Mail Packet} 
Company put off from Calais and | 

J acted as a-sort of breakwater to the | 

. (now utterly exhausted swimmer.} 

| The sea ran so high. that it even] 
[broke over the little boats which! a 
J had accompanied him throughout] * 

J his voyage. He persevered, howev-J 
| er, and at last touched ground too] 
(weak to stand. A couple of men J 
(instantly went to his assistance. | 
[and he was able- to walk slowly | 

I ashorevand on the departure of the I 
(mid-day mail boat from Calais was | 
(left comfortably asleep; a medical] 

I man watching by his side and j 
| repottin g him as doing wei L 1 

From a leading article on ?hej 
[ same day: ( 

J The interest of Captain Webb’s ( 
j achievement centres in its unique j 
| character as an example of human} 

[ skill, strength, and endurance. It is] 

- J quite certain that" nothing like this ] 
Meat has ever been accomplished j 
(before, and - the ' fact is worth} 
j remembering when we hear so ] 

[ much talk, about the degeneracy of I 
j the race and the dep reci a ti on of the j 
(manly, type under the -enervating | 
[influences of modem] 
j civilization .. . I 

Heat of the moment 

Front Mrs Eileen flocking 
Sir. In 1940 we were given a 
“Volcano” kettle, which, we were 
told, would boil 2'h pints of water 
on one copy of The Times. We 
were in East Africa then, so never 
had the chance to try this out, as 
the airxnail edition of The Times 
did not provide enough heat and 
we got used to using twigs etc. 

Now we are on our third 
“Volcano” kettle and yesterday, 
because our garden -twigs were too 
damp, we successfully boiled the 
2 'h pints of water with one copy of 
The TimeS. - . - • 

Yours faithfully. 

Trewartha.PolwheveraC ; -.- 
Constantine- .. * •’ 

Fhlmcrutii, CornwalL . 

August 20. 


i n 







August 24: The Duchess of 
Kent Patron of the National 
Society for Cancer Relief today 
visited the “Wappenshaw** at 
Flores Castle, Kelso. 

Her Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of the 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
Miss Sarah Panridge. 

The Duke of Gloucester cele- 
brates his birthday today. 

The Duke of York, patron, and 
the Duchess of York will visit 
Aycliffe School. County Dur- 
ham, on September 1 2. 

The Prince of Wales, president. 
The Prince's Trust, accompa- 
nied by the Princess of Wales, 
will attend a charity premiere of 
the film Othello at the Barbican 
Centre. London, EC2, on 
September 22. 

Bridge team to 
foe named today 

The final two matches of the 
extensive trials beld at the 
Young Chelsea Club for the 
selection of the British team for 
next year's European Bridge 
Championship resulted in the 
biggest margin in the series 
when A. P. Sowter beat S. 
Fish pool by IVk-'h. 

In the other match J. M. 
Armstrong beat I. N. Rose by 
21-9 to finish top of the table. 

Because no team finished 1 5 
points clear, the British Bridge 
League will select the six players 
and an announcement will be 
made today. 

Final standings: 1. J. M. 
Armstrong. 1 49. 1 ; 2. A. P. 
Sowter. 142.4; 3. S. Fish pool, 
139.2:4. L N. Rose, 133.4. 



Mr J-J. Cobb 
and Miss GX, Crowley 
The engagement is announced 
between Johnathan, son of Mr 
and Mrs W.N.L Cobb, of 
Cobham, Surrey, and Gail, 
younger daughter ofM rand Mrs 
C.E. Crowley, ofBeesion. Leeds. 

Mr E.M.W. Hulse 
and Miss D.A. Broth erton 
The engagement is announced 
between Edward Michael 
Westrow, son of Mr and Mis 
Edward Hulse, of Breamore 
House, Fordingbridge, Hamp- 
shire. and Doone, daughter of 
Mrs Pamela Broihcnon, of 
Eariswood House, Pitton, Salis- 
bury, Wiltshire, and Mr lain 
Brotherton, of London. 

Mr RA. Johnson 
and Miss C. Langridge 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard Anthony, elder 
son of Mr and Mrs Tony 
Johnson, of Epsom. Surrey, and 
Carole, eldest daughter of Dr 
and Mrs David Langridge. of 
The Abbey, Ramsey, 

Mr R-G- Petty 
and Miss DJ. Hicks 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, only son of 
Mr G.W. Petty and the late Mrs 
J.K. Petty, of Ealing. W5. and 
Deborah, younger daughter of 
Mr and Mrs S.M.C. Hicks, of 
Beenham, Berkshire. 

Latest wills 

Mr Robert Finder, of The 
Ridgeway, Hitchin, Hertford- 
shire, left £126,250 net. He left 
£10,000 to St Mary's Church. 
Hitchin, and the residue equally 
between (he Cancer Research 
Campaign and the British Heart 

Mr Charles Floyd Bottomky, of 
Brighouse. West Yorkshire, left 
£5 10.300 net 

Restored windmill helps to set 
the wheels of industry turning 

This impressive 165-year-old 
windmill is the crowning glory of 
an 80-acre business park being 
built by the St Martins Construc- 
tion Group in Swindon, Wiltshire 
(Angella Johnson writes). 

The original windmill base, a 
listed balding, was moved brick by 
brick from an old people's borne in 
the village of Chiseldon, about six 
miles away. 

It cost St Martins two tennis 
courts worth £1,600 for a local 
sports centre and several thou- 
sand pounds to be reconstructed 

on its present site, just west of 

Mr Lindsey Robinson, develop- 
ment surveyor for the group, said: 
“When we acquired me land it 
was called Windmill Hill by local 
people, even though there was 
neither a windmill nor a hill there. 
It therefore seemed natural for us 
to find a windmill and put it on the 

“Then we heard there was a 
dilapidated old windmill near by 
which could be rebnOt in the 
centre of the business park**. 

The new mflJ is 40ft high and 
has been restored to partial 
working order with a new top and 

So successful has been the move 
that the local council is consid- 
ering placing a rateable value of 
£4,000 on die building, which they 
describe as an advertising feature. 

St Martins are appealing 
against the rate which they say is 
too high for a building not being 
used and which was only saved 
from ruin by their reconstruction 


Danebury museum planned 

By Norman Hammond, Archaeology Correspondent 

Births, Marriages, Deaths 
and hi Memoriam 

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H liwu wMI wain In my statue, 
and (Wnilr my ludownenl- and 
hrrp all my cnunaaOsmU . 
Uien wa I perform my word with 

1 Kina 6.13 


ALLOTT On August 14th. at St. 
Thomas’, lo Annabel wee CUhami 
and Stephen, a son. Thomas James. 
BAYNES On August 23rd. 1986. at 
(he Watford General Hospital, to 
Clare <nec Williams) and Simon, 
son. Thomas Edmund Crews. 
CHAPMAN On August 2Qth. lo Carol, 
wife of Francis, a daughter. Eleanor 

COOK On August 2Gth. al Greenwich 
Hospital, lo Jennifer wee LeUhesd} 
and AiasUir. a son Oliver Cordon 
BAKERS On August 6lh. at SI Paul’s. 
Cheltenham, lo Judith and Alex, 
beautiful daughter. Alexandra. 
GARFIT On August 20Ut. to Julia and 
Cuy. a daughter. Susannah Jean, a 
sister (or Helena. 

HARDY, On 1st August. 1986 to Juliet 
inee Fresson) and Robin Hardy, 
son. Thomas Lube Himington and Jo 
Jeremy St Clair. Zoe. Alexander. 
Dominic. Justin and Arabella, 
brother, in New York City 
HUMPHRIES On August 24th. al 
Musgroie Park. Taunton, to Nicola 
•nee Thurooodi and Geofirey. a son. 
Giles Allred 
INMAN on August 20lh to Shertda and 
Ted. a daughter Isabel Cordelia 
LAY on August 18th at St Peters Hos- 
pital. Cherisev. to Angela Mary (nee 
Williams) and Andrew, a daughter 
Caroline Clare 
LLOYD on August 16th 1986. al 
Kingston Hospital, to Margaret and 
Harold, a daughter Georgina 

MASON On August 20th. to Zdle tnee 
Fraser) and Nicholas, a daughter. 
Catnona Zellc Frances, a sister tor 

STURDEE On August 24th. 1986. tn 
Geneva, lo Amanda inee Clover) and 
Christopher. a daughter. Laura 
Elizabeth Clover 
WAKE On August 19lh. to Jehanne 
and william, a daughter 
WHATELY-SMITH On 22nd August, 
al I he Bristol Maternity Hospital, to 
Penny (nee Stone) and David, a son. 
A Iasi air Charles, a brother for 



LADDS t D*AETH On August 26th. 
1961. al Holy Trinity, Bracknell. 
William i Alan) Ladds lo TKha 



26th. 1936 al the Synagogue Lutzow 
Sirasse, Berlin. Rabbi Curds E. 
Cassell lo Cecilia Wilkowskl- Now at 
London W9 


ARGYLE. Dorothy Helen, wife of 
Maurice, of Wooilon. Canterbury, 
and mother of Chrtstopner and 
Brian, al home on August 23rd. Cre- 
mation private. No Memorial 
Service No flowem please. 

BASCOMBE On 21sl AugusL 1966. 
alter a short Illness. June (nee 
Symonds). aged M. Wife of Bob 
Basrofnoe. mother of David and Ian. 
grandmother of Saha la. Miriam and 
Beniamin Most dearly loved and 
sorely missed. Cremation al RandaUs 
Park. Lealherhead on Friday. 29th 
August al 1 1 30 am. Family Dowers 
only please Donatio""- If desired, lo 
The Frtend* of Epsom DMrici 
Hospital or to Cancer Research. 

BENSON On August 20th. suddenly 
al home at BexhlU -on-Sea. John 
Seymour aged 75. dear brother of 
Stewart and Gwen. Cremation. East 
bourne Wednesday. September 3rd. 
at 3.30pm. Flowers to Mummery 
F.D.. Bexhlll-on-Sea. 

BLOUNT On August 21st Ronald 
Bernard, husband of Rulh and father 
of Rosemary and Mark Thanksgiv- 
ing Service al Wuiklebury Church. 
Basingstoke at 8.00 pm on Tuesday. 
September 23rd. 

BROWN. On August 22nd 1986. sud 
dmly at home. Colonel Edward 
Ashley Brown. O B E.. R.M. irldl.. 
husband of Doris, and father of Sal 
ly Funeral private 
BURTON On August 23rd. 1986. al a 
Torquay Nursing Home. Mrs Gladys 
EJ Burton. In her 95th year Widow 
ofA.W.F Bunon. I S O . and mother 
of Reo and Tony Funeral Service al 
Torauay Cemetery Chapel. Barton 
Road. Torquay on Friday. August 
29lh al 2.30 pm No flowers please. 
HAMMOND On 22nd AugusL in 
Salisbury Infirmary. Dorothy Mary 
•Sue) Hammond nee Abel, widow of 
John Hammond, much loved stsier 
of Munel Ranken and aunt of Joan. 
Anne and Helen Funeral Service at 
St. Mary's Church. Shrewton al 
12 30 pm on Thursday. 28th AugusL 
followed by cremation. Flowers, or 
donations If desired lo Queen 
Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing 
Cnrp Association Benevolent Fund, 
c/o H-A. Harrow & Son. 77 Estcourl 
Road. Salisbury. Wilis. 

LENTAKJS. Michael E- Beloved hus- 
band of Katie and much loved lather 
of LambL Jovle and Ull. peacefully al 
Twyford Abbey Nursing Home after 
a long illness bravely borne. Funeral 
in Greece. Donations ro Anglo 
Hellenic League or Greek Orthodox 
Charily Organisation 
LYONS on August 22nd peacefully al 
home. Alison widow of W F (Sami 
Lyons- Funeral Service al Si Mary's. 
Bryans! on Square. London wi on 
Friday August 29th at noon, fol- 
lowed by private cremation. Flowers 
may be sent lo J H Kenyon Ltd. 83 
West bourne Grove. London W2 or 
donations to Help the Aged. PO Box 
28. London N18 3HG 
MARTI NEAU On the 24ih AugusL in 
hospital. Monica, beloved wife of 
Anthony and mother of Alethea. 
Harry and Edward. Funeral at St. 
Peter's. Bishop's Waltham at 3.00 
pm on Friday. 29th AugusL Trains 
can be met al winchester 
PHILLIPS On 23rd August, at ids 
home in Waddingion. Lincolnshire. 
John Leslie Espinel. aged 69. loved 
and loving husband of Dorothy and 
falher of Anne. Cremation private. 
Thanksgiving Service at St. 
Michael's Church. Waddingion at 
2.00 pm on Friday. 29th AugusL No 
fiowera please, but U desired, dona- 
lions may be made tor cancer relief. 
PLACKETT On 19th August. Suddenly 
at home. Wiutam Beecrof! Plackett. 
very precious husband of Vloieta 
Elizabeth, darling daddy of Steph 
ante Mo letters or flowers 
Donations. If desired to Ramblers' 
Association. 1 Wandsworth Road. 
London SW16. All funeral enqidries 
■o Ebbutt Funeral Service. Oxted. 
Surrey 3767 

SYMBNGTON On August 23rd. 
fully at the British HospUaL Lisbon, 
alter a long Illness. Eleanor beloved 
wire of Bob. dearest mother of Nicho- 
las. Richard and Anthony, loving 
mother in law and yandmother to 
Sian and Andrew 
TALBOT On August 21sL Richard 
aged 79. For 53 years dearly loved 
husband of Sheila. Funeral private. 
Service laler al SL Bartholomews. 
Rogale. on Friday. Sent 12th at 3.00 
pm. U wished donations may be sem 
to Le court Cheshire Home. Lias. 

TROWER On Monday. 26th August 
In aecve Hill Nursing Home, near 
Cheltenham, aged 92. Joan Obvta. 
widow of Sir WlHlam Gossehn 
Trower and elder daughter of Die 
Ule Baron Tomlin of ASh - an OHJ 
ContempUHr. Funeral at SL Peter's 
Church, w Incheon be on Thursday. 
28Ui August at 4.15 xm. followed by 
private cremation. No flowers but 
donations, if desired, to Die Church 
of England Clergy Stipend Trust 6 
New Sauare. Lincoln's Bin. London 
WC2. There will be a Service of 
Thanksgiving at SL James' OM 
Church. Stanstead Abbots on Friday 
17Ui October at 3.00 pm. 

YEARSLEY - On August 23rd. Amy 
Bolton, widow of V.C.R. Yearsley 
(Claude). In hospital aged 93. Much 
loved mother of Wendy and the late 
Margot- Grandmother and great 
grandmother. Funeral Service on 
Friday. August 29Ui at 12.30 pm at 
Guildford Crematorium. Family 
(lowers only 

A new Museum of the Iron 
Age is lo open in Andover, 
Hampshire, nexi month to 
display the finds from the 
excavations at Danebury 
Camp, a hillfori near by. 
Housed in a convened school 
(he museum will include life- 
sized reconstructions of Iron 
Age life based on discoveries 
at Danebury. 

The project has been set up 
by Hampshire County Coun- 
cil which has also just bought 
more than 18 acres of land 
near the hillfon to protect its 
archaeological potential. 

“This area provides the 
crucial link between 
Danebury and its landscape, 
and it is very satisfactory that 
it is now in public ownership", 
said Professor Barry Cunliffe, 
of Oxford University, who is 
directing the excavations. 

"It will improve the land- 
scape presentation of the site, 
and preserve Lhe archaeologi- 
cal features, which include a 
very long linear earthwork 
I. which is bordered by Iron Age 

fields and stock enclosures", 
he said. 

Professor Cunliffe plans to 
begin work outside the ram- 
parts of Danebury next year, 
at a point where the newly 
acquired land joins the area 
already owned by the council. 
He feels that this is likely to 
have been where a market was 
held in prehistoric times, a 
view reinforced by the finding 
near by of coins of the first 
century AD. 

These coins, of the 
Atrebates tribe who lived in 
the area prior to the Roman 
conquest of 43 AD. show that 
activity al Danebury contin- 
ued after the fort itself was 
abandoned around 100 BC. 

This year's excavations, the 
eighteenth season and the last 
inside the ramparts, are un- 
covering the remains of round 
houses of the last two centu- 
ries of the fon’s history. 

The houses were built io a 
quarry hollow originally dug 
around 400 BC to obtain 
material for enlarging the 

ramparts. As the hollow silted 
up. it formed a protected area 
away from the wind in which 
people could live, although 
Professor Cunliffe believes 
that the more important 
dwellings were further up the 
slope towards the centre of the 

The largest house found this 
year is nine metres (30ft) in 
diameter, and seems to have 
been associated with storage 

K its to one side. A decorated 
ronze ring from a horse's 
harness was found on the 
floor. A granary, with six large 
posts holding up the floor, has 
also been further excavated. 

As digging inside Danebury 
finishes, an area covering a 
fifth of the fort has been 
designated as an "archaeologi- 
cal reserve" which will not be 
dug for at least a century, and 
which is being kept free of tree 
growth to preserve the buried 
features. Other areas wil be 
left for possible future digging 
within that period. 


Sub-tarully lecturer Urm tc hunmnt- 
>"»•’ E M S Wolfram. MA. DPtlll. 
philosophy, from October 1 


Kings College 

EEC: £90.000 to Professor O O Hall 

lo Iujopoo research in lhe use of 

i mmol i blitzed cyanobacteria for the 

Photo production of energy-rich com- 


Medical Research Council £108.098 
lo Dr B Helm and Dr H Gould lo study 

the Interaction of human Immuno- 

globulin e with specific cell receptors. 


Mr John Harmsworth Miller 
has been appointed pan-time 

professor of architecture for one 

year from October I. 

Mr Roger Cole Paulin has been 
appointed professor of German 
from next April. 

Mrs Brenda M. Hoggeit. reader 

in law. has been appointed to a 

personal chair in law from 
August I. 

The following to be pro- vice- 
chancellors: Professor J. H. 
Jones and Professor H. B. 
Rodgers (reappointedl. 

Other appointments 

LECTURERS: Accounting anf finance: 
C C Humphrey and Linda M 
hirkham. econometrics. M j An- 
drews: virology: D J Morris; rttniea] 


The first chair in management 

learning in the United Kingdom 

is to be taken up on September 1 
at Lancaster by Mr David 
Ashton, director of studies at 

University news 

BAT Industries Group Manage- 
ment Centre. 


Nature Conservancy Council. 
£96.570 lo Dr J Rodweo for work on 
the National VeoMauon Classification. 
Science and Engl nee ring Research 
Council ia New Science Group: 
£1 17.615 lo Dr P Hodge and Dr J R 

EDdon for work on novel synthesis of 

polymers by chemical linkage of 
terminally runclionaltzed oligomers: 
£1 14.210 lo Dr D J Hourstor 10 Study 
tough high performance polymer 
0 lends based on thermoselling resins. 
SERC Hawke Cable Glands Lid: 
£192.327 IO Mr P SplllartJ. Mr C C 
Kmny-Leilrk and Dr G Easton for a 
learning rompaany programme. 
SERC £41.061 and £152.210 lo 
Professor A B Clegg and Dr F Faster 

for equipment and research In ele- 

mentary parucle ptiystes: £ 120.000 lo 
Dr D J Merediih ana Dr A M Guenaun 

for low (emperature research using 

tiQuld helium. 

Hisloric Bull dings and Monuments 
Co mm baton: £145.888 lo Mr J H 
Williams for various archaeology 


Mr J. B. Holden, a partner in 

Dearden Farrow, has been ap- 

pointed a senior visiting fellow 
in accountancy at the City 
University Business SchooL 


Grants valued at more than 
£1 million have recently been 
awarded for research. The prin- 
cipal ones are: 

Science and Engineering Research 
Council: £80.000 to Protasor w v 
Shaw IO vuay the genetic structure of 
chloramphenicol acetytransferase: 
£66.437 lo professor T 8 Jones and 
Dr T R Robinson to research high 
power radio waves tn Die low altitude 

Wed co roe Trust; £82.970 to Processor 
M C R Symons for use of ESR 
spectrometer for whOleAtOdy scan- 

united Kingdom Atomic Energy 
Authority £66.842 lo Profes s or A R 

S Pooler for an — ... 
structural shakedown limits. 
LcvrThuimc Trust: £78.298 io Profes- 
sor P M Jackson (economics) to 
research lhe performance measure- 
ment tn the non-profit seefor 


Professor W. E. Yates has been 
appointed deputy vice-chan- 
cellor from next March. 
Professor M. J. Swanton has 

been appointed university pub- 

lic orator. 

Dr R. T. Fieldhouse, senior 
lecturer at Leeds University, to 

be director of continuing and 

adult education and professor of 

adult education. 

Professor D. Partridge, profes- 

sor of computer science at New 
Mexico State University, to be 

professor of computer science 
from next June. 

Professor J. Robinson has been 
appointed the first industrial 

research professor in engineer- 

ing science. 

Mr R. S. M. Ling, senior 
consultant surgeon, lobe honor- 
ary professor of bio-engineering. 
Personal chairs: 

Dr P. P. Anthony to be professor 
of clinical histopathology. 
DrCR. Kennedy to be profes- 
sor of parasitology. 

Dr D J Pereira Gray to be 
professor of general practice. 

Dr D. E. Walling to be professor 
of physical geography. 


Dr P W carpenter 
mechanics); and Dr 
UMrtlcte technology). 

Science report 

Cutting a plant’s sugar loss 


CEE A Thanksgiving Service for the 
life of Patrick Gee. of awards 
Mesne. Gtos- will be hem at Si 
Mary's Church. Newem. Nr GW«r. 
Friday. 29th August, at 2.30pm. 

LAWRENCE - A Memorial Service for 
Roy Lawrence will be held on Fri- 
day. 611) September. 1986 at 2.30 pm 
al Si. Giles Church. Honied Keynes. 


HU. Edward - 1958. Remembered] 
always with love and gratitude. 

August 26th. 1972. with continuing J 
love from Sheila and GUes. 

The process of combining 
(he Son's energy with water 
and carbon dioxide in photo- 
synthesis, essential to all 
higher forms of life, is not 
productive enough as far as 
farmers and vegetable growers 
are concerned. 

Because some plants lose a 
third of the organic material 
they have produced, biologists 
at the Agricnltnral and Food 
Research Conacil’s 
Rotfaamsted Experimental 
Station are trying to improve 
on Mother Natere to get better 

The most important and 
best understood . process of 
photosynthesis is carbon fixa- 
tion, when carbon dioxide 
from the air is am voted into 
_ ir. From man's point of 
view, plants do undo that my 
well; no sooner have they 
produced sugar than they 
break down a significant 
proportion- of It by photo- 
respiration and torn it back 
into carton d io xide by co»- 


By Andrew Wiseman 
bining it with oxygen for no 
useful purpose. 

dearly, it is in the grow e r ' s 
interest to eliminate or, at 
least reduce this waste. 

Photorespiration is a 
continuous process, because 
the vital catalyst of carton 
fixation, the enzyme Rnbisco 
(ribulose bisphosphate car- 
boxylase) contributes both to 
the malting of sugar and to 
rec on v er t in g it into carbon 

Originally Rubisco's in- 
discriminate beharhmr did not 
matter, became it started life 
in organisms rich in carbon 
dioxide and poor in oxygen. 
Today, even though some 
modern plants use Rnbisco 
more efficiently, the process is 
still unacceptably wasteful. 

At Rothamsted, researchers 
are trying to develope an 
enzyme that win prevent 
photorespiration. To do that 
they are investigating Rnbisco 
to find oat how its varions 
components contribnte to 

that the marked 
difference between the incom- 
ing and outgoing carbon di- 
oxide was due to Rnbisco, they 
decided to engineer genetically 
an improved Rnbisco. Bat 
when they studied the resalts 
of their first experiments to 
see what changes had occurred 
in the catalytic activity of the 
mutants, they realized their 
new Rabsco enzyme was 
producing less sugar than the 
one in natere. 

This, of course, was the 
exact opposite of what they 
wanted to achieve. But, para- 
doxically, they were en- 
couraged by these preliminary 
results, because they proved 
that Rubisco coeld be manipu- 

They hope that they will be 
able eventually to create a 
strain that in a test tube will 

losses due to pi 

But, equally, they me .aware 
that a wide gap crisis between 
the laboratory and the field. 

Forest tax 

Steve Davis, the snooker 
player, and Cockney enter- 
tainers. Chas and Dave, are 
among many of Britain's high 
income earners who profit 
from lax loopholes which fiiel 
the multi-million pound coni- 
fer afforestation industry, 
according to a report to be 
published today. The report. 
The Theft of the Hills - 
Afforestation in Scotland , pub- 
lished by the - Ramblers' 
Association and the World 
Wildlife Fund, has been writ- 
ten by Mr Stephen Tompkins 
who has spent the past six 
years working for the Eco- 
nomic Forestry Group advis- 
ing investors. It is the first shot 
in a new campaign, backed by 
the Council for the Protection 
of Rural England and the 
Royal Society for the Protect 
tion of Birds, lo end the tax 
benefits enabling high earners, 
including pop stars and City 
entrepreneurs to pay only 
£120 of the £400 cost of 
planting an acre of fast grow- 
ing conifers. 

Mr Tompkins says a hand- 
ful of companies, including 
the Economic Forestry Group, 
reap a combined turnover of 
up £40 million a year by 
helping investors make capital 
gains out of income that 
would otherwise be taxed at 
the top rate. 

He claims that the Govern- 
ment pays ten times more for 
subsidizing forestry than for 
sheep farming on the same 

The report says tax law 
allows Schedule D taxpayers 
to offset other income against 



Canadian who rose hi ]vK ' " 1 ' 
in the British Arn^ m7 i 

Sir Charles 

3, ME, DSO, -~.yjngtV ,*'■ 

" ‘ " HiflilH 



Davis: Investing 

forestry expenses. When 
plantations mature they are 
sold as appreciating assets and 
owners can switch to Schedule 
B on which they pay tax on the 
rental value of the land, 
sometimes as little as 5 Op an 

Mr David Cbndcr, assistant 
secretary of the Council for the 
Protection of Rural England, 
said the tax dodge had been 
acknowledged by the Govern- 
ment and three separate of- 
ficial estimates since 1979 had 
put its cost to the Exchequer at 
£10 million a year. 

“It is not right that the 
taxpayer should subsidize 
high income earners in this 
way”, he said. 

"But the worst cost is that it 
is encouraging silviculture of 
the worst kind for the environ- 
ment with short cycles of 
intensively planted and man- 
aged plantations. 

"These foreign conifers con- 
sume wild, open moorland 
and replace it with dull forests 
that are sterile for wildlife and 
contribute to acid rain 

Mr Conder said that the 
council would be publishing 
two reports in -the next nine 
months examining forestry 
We understand the Gov- 
ernment will bring a new 
forestry Bill next year and we 
are coordinating an 
unprecendented campaign 
against this kind of forestry." 

Loewen. GCB, 
Adjutant-Genera! to the 
Forces front 1956 to 1959, 
died on August 17 at Mans- 
field, Ontario. He was 55. He 
was the last general serving in 
the British Army to have been 
commissioned during the 
First World War. 

Charles Falkland Loewen 
was born in Vancouver on 
September 17, 1900. He at- 
tended University School in 
Victoria and. at the age of 13. 
was sent to Haileybuiy in 
England, before going to the 
Royal Military College at 
Kingston, Ontario, from 
which he graduated in 1918, 
the youngest cadet in his class. 
Being too young to go over- 
seas according to Canadian 
Army regulations, he joined 
the British Army. 

From 1920 to 1938 he saw 
service in India, mainly on the 
Northwest Frontier, and at the 
outbreak of the Second World 
War be was an instructor at 
the Staff College, Camberley, 
wjth die rank of major, where 
he remained until April, 1940. 

He took part in the fll-feted 
Norwegian campaign before 
returning to become GSO I 
HQ Northern Command in 
Yorkshire with the rank of 
lieutenant-colonel. In Janu- 
ary, 1943. he took over as BGS 
(PlansX GHQ Home Forces in 
London, where he was in- 
volved in the preparations for 
Operation Overlord. 

In November of that year he 
was transferred to the Italian 
theatre as commander of the 
10th Corps, Royal Artillery, 
and was engaged at Mome 
Cassina He also saw action at 
Anzio, and was commander of 
the British 1st Infantry Divi- 
sion, which formed part of the 
American 5th Army, on the 
break-out from the beach- 
head. He entered Rome with 
General Marie Clark, continu- 
ing north for the attack on the 
Gothic Line. 

For his services in die war 
he was twice mentioned in 
despatches and awarded the 
DSO, as well as being given 
his first steps in the Orders of 
the Bath and British Empire. 
He was also made a com- 
mander in the American Le- 
gion of Merit 
In January, 1946, Loewen 
took command of the 6th 
Armoured Division, based at 
Padua, which later moved east 
to occupy Trieste. The follow- 
ing year, the division was 
engaged in peace-keeping op- 
erations in Palestine. 

Loewen returned to En- 
gland two years later to as- 

sume cotBL, 
the 50th 
(TA). In Apt 
appointed G 
Command. a 
until September^ 
over as C-iihCi 
Forces, based 
and engaged fit.?- 
communist ** 
laya.Tbcr- 1 

there. Field 
aid Terapfer -j.* 
friend of Lba%r 
time they hadj^f 
in Italy. 

Loewen ^ 
marksman (dwiJiyi 

period of service 
shot 12 tigers) * 
being in he mid]! 1 

i 1 * 


trainees m 
courses. He afao 
for Singapore. 

General totbchft 1 ’ 
and held thepnfl-g' 
three years, dnrM 
he was also ADC 
the Queen. 

He was a 
and popular adjoj 
dealing with u&| 
the resettlement q| 
ly retired office! 
ranks. Hisauthori 
way diminished h 
modest and 

In 1959, bentti 
back to his nafcj 
British Coliunfas 
spent the next 15 
ing, skiing, ridip 
He became aa 
the region's trout 
1978 published 

In 1928, benj 
leen Ross, 
with two sons ofn ^ . . 

?r. ■ 

Id *- 11 



Professor John Gwyn Clark, 
head of the department of 
modem languages at Strath- 
clyde University, died on 
August 23 at the age of 62. 

Bom on March 17. 1924, at 
Caerphilly, Glamorgan, he 
was educated at Monkton 
House School. Cardiff; and 
University College Cardiff; 
where he graduated in 1947, 
his degree course having been 
interrupted by three years' 
service in RAF intelligence. 

He later studied at the 
Sorbonne, and his studies 
there were crowned by a prize- 
winning doctoral thesis on 
Brunei! ere, which was pub- 
lished as Les Pensees de 
Ferdinand Brunetiere in 1954. 

Clark then went as lecturer 
in French to Edinburgh Uni- 
versity. In 1964, he moved, as 
‘professor, to Magee Universi- 
ty College, Londonderry, later 
to become the New University 
of Ulster, at Coleraine. 

He went to Strathclyde Uni- 
versity in 1973 as professor of 
French and head of the depart- 
ment of modem languages. 

His main inmi 
French critirisn, 
“new criticism’ 
of Badtdard. Hqj 
articles to vari| 
journals on difr§ 
of Bachelard, 
critical methodoki 
with Poe and Ml 
interest in aktenj 
Clark was stffl 
these subjects* 
his death, and 
his attention ini 
die modernist H| 
As a lecture 1 
enthusiasm, and 
much concern fr 
of both stndtef 
leagues. He «asfr 
intentioned ma_ 
sense of pf 
ire foufld it 

French but also® 
and German- 
marked fondss; 


survived by fc 
ca, a son and a Si 


Mr Ronald Paul Bush, 
CMG, OBE. who served with 
the Colonial Administrative 
Service in Rhodesia from 
1925 until bis retirement in 
1954, died on August 18. He 
was 83. 

Educated at Mariborou, 
he was appointed district ol 
-cer in Rhodesia in 1927 and 
promoted provincial commis- 
sioner 20 years later. 

He was made secretary for 
native affairs in 1949; and, 
following his retirement, 
served on a commission of 
enquiry into local government 
in Basutoland. 

He is survived by his wife, 
Anthea Mary, and by two sons 
and a daughter. 

i*1.\ -■ 



1 1 “■ i 

ts— ' 






% ' 

fcr. % 


Mr M. Bentley 
and Miss L. Botha 
The marriage took place on 
Friday, August 22, 1986, in 
London of Mr Martin Bentley, 
son of Mr and Mrs W. F. F. 
Bentley, of Midhurst, West Sus- 
sex, and Miss Lois Butlin. 
daughter of Mr Raymond Butlin 

«l» late Mrs Lome Butlin, 
of Knysna, South Africa. 

Mr R.V. More 
■"d Miss JXL Cherry 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, August 23 at Holy 
of Mr 

Roger More, son of the late Mr 
c^K H. More and Mrs J.V. 
Hedley °f Flackwell Heath 
Buckinghamshire, and Miss Jo- 
daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Peter Cherry, of Wes- 

ih?n. M -TS° r D Hil ? hin ’ H «riord- 

SfeS' Mardn “““'y 

. The bride was given in mar. 

EgjJ* Mr Jonathan 

Harvey was best man. 

wfL^f C ^? lion "a* held at 
Weston Manor and after the 


B. B. writes : 

May I - 

your oiliermu r„". 

comprehensive ** s_ 

18) of Mr John . 

John was s® Jfei 
friend to prist®! ^ . 
prisoners, as* >■. : 
now immoral H 
Gateway Escteft 
his daughter. So . 
husband, Jinnsy 1 

Mr WarresD JfV 
master of K'' 

Grammar Sd«*J ^ 

10 1956, died 101 for- 
age of 86. .«? 

After retuen* 6 ® t 1 " 

Life of Dr ml 

Johnson and - 
umes of TV * 
Journals offs®- tv 7 

couple wiD Jr** 

Geelong J*. 

GDri& VteionM* JV. 

MrCSe»fc“ jg - 
and MissNA'JJ jJS , 
The mama* 

Monday* Aug* &N., 1 


tween MrCgh» s : ■ 

the tote Mr?. <V 

Mrs Edit h 


land, andj^sd. ., 
Dow. yotwgrt'^^ n, 
and & > , 

£\. •• 

to- 3 , 


Dbxfortk : „ . 

Steadman.; 5^4*% !«.. 
Thorfcy. 7 £53 *iwV : ' 
Tuxo. 69; *5™ ^ *' 

rice Wood. TO- 



S| K Q)^_ 

1 - ,5 4N 

*. : i*.. * ' 

'■ ' v ) 



Television Galleries: John Russell Taylor surveys the s umm er shows in Paris 

Swinging back into the Sixties 

K ' H ! 

' " r ,.. ||t h as always been a mystery 

• . Ito me why the most successful 
, ' • \intGo shows in both America 

. . * Kid Britain were once ventri- 
' • : jioquist’s acts. Evidently, 

■ _ feveryooe took it on trust that 
: fee men of many voices were 

*■ felay iag. it straight when they! 
; Epokr with forked tongues. A 
Wki»U of Geer (Channel 4), 

. ; fcgjgAtMrs affectionate look ai| 
V of ventriloquism, at] 

_0 fetsboml why no oi» in tbe- 
'■‘5 feiiTli an doubted that Edgar 
' ScrKO. America's leading ra- 

• . _ :§lo *veat" was doing all the 


His lips moved — at least 
they did in the dip they 
' showed of him with the then 
> 'unknown Lucille Ball pout- 
' . r ‘ J singly enticing viewers to look 
rather kisser and not his. Peter 
. ;• .Brough, Britain's radio star 
who helped educate Archie, 
.-.popped up live with a nice 
. J . 'story shout Lis ventriloquist 

*■■■; . father malting farm aniirm iff 

’■ *■■■ ;Speak to his children. The 
.-. '.greatest performer on show, 1 
■ V; though, Spain's Sedor Wen- 
‘ - ces, needed neither dumb ani - 
J mal, dumb blonde nor even a- 
dummy. He let his hand do tbe 

f' When Brough once reluc- 
„ v ; taotiy removed his dummy's 
. head for the royal children, 

- ^George VI remarked that he 
<•< . . N was the only fellow he ever had 
- ' 'beheaded. At the beginning of 

■ ' the fascinating, slickly con- 

descending American docu- 
. ‘ -‘rmenlary. Will There Always 
'.Be Am England? (Channel 4) 
'.one landed gent revested that 
. . one of his ancestors was the 
- last person to be executed on' 

.Tower HilL By the end of this 

* -• ..tale of two Englands, one of 

..soothers comfort around Win- 
'Chester, the other of northern 
' decline in Liverpool and New- 
-..castle, yon were almost left 
• ■ ^wondering whether, if some- 
" thing was not done soon about 
^unemployment, he risked be- 
Sng next for the chop. 

‘ Simplistic social counter- 
pointing made for some easy 
' "-targets, bot this foreign view of 
‘ T divided nation also offered 
' some poignant home troths as 
Well as showing that Cypriot 

- ; %akeHDOakers have more uiduf- 
■. trial enterprise than smog 

• Wykehamist schoolboys. At 
-least the boys talked eagerly of 

- their future highly-paid non- 
.. productive jobs. When I was 

joe of them we were more 
NSOR likely to discuss the meaning 
l 'tfSgt Pepper’s botes in Black- 
l bum, Lancashire — and not 
:Lwt of concern for northern 
. . Industrial decay. 

_ Andrew Hislop 


Killing Joke 

V Reading Festival 

ft was a dismal day for the 
hard core of devotees who bad 
'toughed it out through inler- 

- -flirttent downpours of rain, 

' flashes of lightning and pro- 

• tongpd squalls of indifferent ' 
•• music. Although in meteo- 
rological terms Killing Joke 

. . oould be described as one of : 

- ttose dark depressions travel- 1 
"■ing across Europe that so i 

■ .often give Michael Fish cause 
Tor concern, their brutal mor- i 

- -dam music has brought them I 
: steadily increasing acclaim i 
• rince their formation in Lon- I 

. ion in the 1979 morning of ’ 
punks with first hangovers. l 
. As they embarked on a < 
. dipped one-hour set, the rain } 
swept down with renewed 
intensity, further dampening- 
the chilled crowd's spirits. The 1 
sinister-looking blond-haired 1 
Qeordie manoeuvred bis gui- t 
tor in stooping, languid ges- I 
lures but his sound was c 
indistinct, particularly during. 
^Kings and Queens”. Jaz 
Coleman, with two thick black 
Gripes painted down his s 
cheeks, lending a brooding t 
thundercloud menace to bis * 
features, sang with demagogic s 

■ fervour, his arms raised to the 1' 
darkness above during “Mult- ^ 
‘tudes”, while Paul Ferguson a 
■wove intriguing tom-tom pat- * 
lems in somewhat wavering 
fempi behind Raul Raven’s d 
lieavy, lolloping bass lines. P 

But, despite a series of w 
Spectacular pyrotechnic ef- * 
«cts that lit up the blood-red P 
backdrop and lavish red 
•irapes with grand bursts of Fj 
jebt during “Waidance", P 
. Killing Joke were out of their ■[ 
«pth as the headlining act in “ 
“fch adverse conditions. AI- ‘ s 
streets ahead of the 11 
Jiediocre groups that had P 
■. receded them, they did not J 
.lave either the depth of ^ 
material or the skills of projeo 
7on needed to muster much ® 

• pponse, and Coleman's an- “ 
hemic chants and victory {* 
^utes tended to turn into the H 

■ rrelevam ranting of a general a 
iddressing a defeated and ai 

. lemoralized army. lfl 

■ There was much of musical ® 
nerit in Geordie's emotive “J 
:hord-shifts during “Adora- 

: tons", but the mood of the H 3 
:vem was better summed up JJ 
>y the sight of a full plastic 
mule, hurled from the crowd, 

. mashing square on to his. M 
putarat the end of “Love Like) 
Stood". They had more dig- {?! 
my than to return for an \ J! 
mcore, Y ‘ 

So how do we picture the Sixties? 
Do we m feet picture the Sixties 
clearly at all, or are we sdJI too 
close to have succeeded in fusing a 
lot of scattered ideas satisfactorily 
into a coherent — let atone a 
reasonably accurate — whole? Any- 
way. it must be high time we put 
our notions on the subject m order 
why, already one musical, the 
revival of Cnarly Girl . , has opened 
in London with a full assumption 
of Sixties nostalgia in its audience, 
and a consequent assumption that 
they will recognize what they are 
seeing. And now the Fbndation 
Cartier, a recent addition to Paris’s 
cultural resources (it is in feet nr 
Jouy-en-Josas, a little way out in 
the Ile-de-France), is weighing in 
with an enormous show, accompa- 
nied by an even more enormous 
book-catalogue, which is intended 
to put an end to any residual 
vagueness on the subject. It is 
called, unequivocally, Les Annies 
60: La Decade triomp haute, and 
runs until September 30. 

Perhaps we do not quite see the 
Sixties as “triomphante". What do 
we think of? The deaths of Ken- 
nedy and Marilyn Monroe; the 
arrival of . the Beatles: Carnaby 
Street, Swinging London, -mini- 
skirts and Nehru jackets; Gagarin 
in space; flower-power and the May 
1968 upsets in Paris; drugs and 
sexual permissiveness . . . Not, 
perhaps, a particularly bad period, 
on balance, but surely a period of 
some uncertainty, with things very, 
much in a state of flux? The image 
presented at the Fondation Cartier 
is much simpler than that. The 
layout of the place, with a “village” 
of small exhibition areas, a large 
“bunker" which was apparently the 
headquarters of the Luftwaffe dur- 
ing the Occupation, and extensive 
grounds ready to be littered at will 
with large sculptures or, in this 
case, cars of the period, seems to 
lead somehow to snap judgement 
and shorthand evocation rather 

Steve Harley (right), 
rock-singer turned 
actor, opens in the 
title-role of Marlowe 
at the King’s Head 
tonight: interview by 
David Sinclair 

An urge 
to relive 

than any in-depth e xami nation. 

Also, the point of view is 
necessarily French, and this means 
that, though the major events m 
the great world outside are mir- 
rored, a lot of the detail seems, for 
the time it is meant to represent, 
curiously old-fashioned. French 
pop music (prominently featured, 
of course) remained resolutely 
Fiftyish almost all through the 
decade; and you would imagine 
that flower-power and such had 
never existed at all, presumably 
- because the hippy way of life did 
not hit France until the Seventies, 
and then not in any form which 
would have rung bells in San 
Francisco. On the other hand, the 
section devoted to painting and 
sculpture does admirably remind 
us that Abstract Expressionism did 
not disappear overnight and that 
there were many strains besides tbe 
dominent ones of hard-edged, gar- 
ishly-coloured abstraction and me- 
dia-obsessed Pop Art. 

If we leave Jouy-en-Josas little 
clearer what we think of the Sixties 
than when we arrived, there are, as 
it happens, quite a number of other 
shows in Paris at the moment 
which throw additional sidelights 
on the question. The show at the 
Musee <TArt Moderne de la Ville 
de Paris until September 7, 196®, 
Les Nonveanx ReaBstes. is about a 
very small and precise group who 
called themselves that, or were so 
called by Pierre Reslany, who 
virtually invented the movement. 

They were realists not in terms of 
any illusionist approach to the 
depiction of reality in art, but 
because they used the actual matter 
of reality in their arL carefully 
preserving ready-made abstracts 
from the progressive and uneven 
stripping of posters from bill- 
boards. or squashing up waste 
metal or plastic into compressed 
cubes pregnant, possibly, with 
significance about the agonies and 
ecstasies of the consumer society. 

Some of the names are still 
familiar Christo, Yves Klein, 
Tinguely and Niki de Samt-PhaUe 
went on to bigger and better, or at 
arty rate more distinctive, things. 
But it is unlikely that names like 
RoteQa (the best of the tattered- 
poster conserves) or Hains or 
Dufrene or Deschamps mean 
much to anyone today. Nor, truth 
to tell, does this show present any 
very convincing evidence that they 

The Sixties also bulk large in the 
Centre Pompidou's major summer 
show. Qa’est-ce Qae La Sculpture 
moderate? (until October 13). This 
rapidly disclaims any intention of 
being a panorama or a comprehen- 
sive survey (though the organizers 
do incidentally remark bow odd it 
is that there has been no such show 
devoted to 20th-century sculpture 
in Paris since the Second World 
War): its intention is rather to raise 
the deeper and more impalpable 
question of what exactly we mean 
by modernity in the arts, and what, 
specifically, makes certain sculp- 
‘ tares of this century seem modern 
while others, closely contem- 
porary, do not In the event, one 
could be forgiven for regarding tbe 

that can be fitted into either only 
with a shoehorn, if that Ii probably 
.is as reasonable a formulation as 
any to say the sculpture property 
railed "modern” is not concerned, 
like 19th-century sculpture, with 
models in the world one can see, 
but with invisible models from the 
realm of the mind. Even so, are 
social-realists tike Gutfreund, or 
grotesque realists like Raymond 
Mason, or photorealisls like Duane 
Hansen, all to be dismissed as 
irrelevant to the century in which 
they have been working? 

In this summer season, as one 
might expect, the effects of the 
Sixties on that most notoriously 
Parisian of the arts, the art of haute 
couture, are certainly not to be left 
out The bigshowat the new Musee 
des Arts de la Mode in the Pavilion 
de Marsan is devoted to Yves Saint 
Laurent: 28 Arutees de creation 
(until October 26). and it is 
complemented by a show at the 
Musee des Arts Decoratifs on Yves 
Saint Laurent et !e theatre (until 
September 7). 

Elementary mathematics in- 
dicates that the key period in the 
making of Saint Laurent's reputa- 
tion must have been the Sixties. 

show as the long-needed survey: , and it is amazing to notice bow 

the didactic purpose is used 
primarily as an excuse for getting 
together a lot of very famous 
sculptures, and leaving us to ask 
our own questions and reach 
(hopefully) our own answers. But 
at least the layout is helpfully 
suggestive: go down one side and 
you encounter sculptures inspired 
by abstract notions, of form or 
ideology, while down the other side 
you encounter biological and or- 
ganic forms, based on a philosophy 
of nature and a respect for myth. 

Or so they say. Naturally there 
arc some, strictly geometric, which 
belong dearly in the first grouping, 
and some, soft and amorphous, 
which fit equally weD into the 
second. But there are many more 

much more distinctive and in- 
stantly recognizable the Sixties 
clothes are than those of any 
subsequent period. It is not just the 
well-over-the-knee hemlines, but 
the whole wildly inventive ap- 
proach, the sometimes glaring 
colours, the extreme eclecticism in 
the use of primitive and peasant 
motifs as well as highly sophis- 
ticated evocations of modem art 
movements — everything excites 
and dazzles. And, wonder of 
wonders, the dothes again begin to 
look outrageously elegant, rather 
than just grotesque or campy or, 
worst of all. faintly dowdy. The 
reconsideration of the Sixties to 
which Paris invites us does not 
come a minute before time. 

Leaving ns to ask our own questions: Matisse's 1909 bronze 
la Serpentine from Qp'est-ce Qae La Sculpture moderne! 


In keeping with his chequered 
singing career as cither rock's 
tdnured genius or its most 


Theatre: Irving Wardle Concerts: 

crowded bar during a lunch- 
break from rehearsals, he 
speaks with . verbose, melo- 

tonurea genius or us most speaks wrtn veroose, mclo- 
arrogam charlatan, depending dramatic flourishes, oca- 
on your viewpoint. Steve Har- sionally bursting forth with 

ley is now embarking on a 
project asan actor in a musical 
production of Marlowe which 
opens at the King's Head 
tonight and could turn out to 
be a work of inspiration or a 
complete shambles. 

During the Seventies, when 
Harley was releasing hit 
records like “Judy Teen". "Mr 
Soft" and the million-selling 
“Make Me Smile (Come Up 
and See Me)", he was engaged 
in biller running battles with 
the music Press, while his 
band Cockney Rebel regularly 
fell apart at the seams with 
much residual acrimony di- 
rected at the iimelighl-foving 
Harley. “I was an anti-social 
raL by reputation anyway". 
Harley now admits. “But 
when you're a perfectionist 
people always say you're diffi- 
cult lo work with or for. but 
the truth is they're not up to it. 
Thai's the rub." 

Marfowe is the story of the 

illustrative declamations from 
the work of Marlowe or 
Shakespeare (whom he habit- 
ually refers to as “Shakes"). 
The regulars in the bar, no 
doubt used to the coinings and* 
goings of theatre folk, pay no 

Bom in Lewisham in 1951. 
the son of a professional 
footballer. Harley suffered 
from polio as a child and 
walked on crutches “until L 
was 16", which niay explain 
such an urgent need to stick up 
for himself and succeed no 
matter whaL He did three 
years as an apprentice journal- 
ist before taking up with 
Cockney Rebel. The passage 
of time since his fell from 

Old College 

Last year’s Edinburgh Mac- 
beth by the Japanese Toho 
Company is already a legend, 
and with this sequel another is 
already in the making. If is the 
most thrilling production of a 
Greek tragedy I have seen in 
any language.' ■ 

'It has found an incom- 
parable setting in the univ- 
ersity's nobly-proportioned 
Old Courtyard, whose granite 
neo-classicism matches the 
stylistic references and sheer 
magnitude of YuJrio Nina- 
gawa. With a mass public 
facing its balustrade^ steps 
and triple doorways, it com- 
bines tbe qualities of an 
ancient amphitheatre and a 

Jason, or where slow marches 
are interrupted by the frenzied 
heroine scattering the chorus 
like dead leaves. It is also 
achieved musically through 
the interweaving of tbe 
chorus’s pentatonic unison 
and a feteful baroque death- 
march that reactivates 
Medea’s vengence. The power 
is intensified by the feet that it 
is at moments of climax that 
the most Japanese and the 
most weste rn conventions 
coincide. • 

■ Even without these sur- 
rounding effects, the Medea of 
Mikijiro Hire (last year’s Mac- 
beth) would have filled the 
huge playing space. The one 
thing be does not suggest is an 
abandoned geisha. The tenor 
voice throbs, snarls and sobs 
from a heavy, bejewelled cos- 
tume that gives him a barbaric 
authority over the rest of tbe 

Concerts: Paul Griffiths 
Goehr weekend ^ ^ of * 

_ , ,, almost uncanny, ti 

Queen’s Hall Stravinsky's Thret 

Edinburgh at the weekend 
offered a choice of 20th- 
century music courteously ar- 
ranged by Alexander Goehr. 
In that this provided coherent 
programmes, excellently per- 
formed, one can hardly com- 
plain. And in that it brought 
together for the first time in 

their degree of unanimity is 
almost uncanny: the second of 
Stravinsky's Three Pieces, for 
instance, was keenly presented 
as a little kaleidoscope for four 1 
players acting as one, and they 
also gave a fascinating account 
of Bart6k's Third Quartet, 
more bradngly incisive than 
barbaric. They were, too, the 
musical forum within which 
tbe Manchester composers 
met, with Goehr’s Third and 
Davies’s First Quartets sepa- 

^M year ^ ]Urai ^ 0f 

the Manchester schooT - of Nichofes Cox 

setting for baroque opera. To company. Playing the sup- 
these. the show also adds Phcaot to Aegeus, kicked 

western guitar ballads and the 
full Kabuki tradition, dem- 
onstrating that with a work as 
universal as Medea theatre 
can speak an international 

Being played by an all-male 
company, this is not a Medea 
for the feminists. It is a ritual 
event, closer (in western 
terms) to opera than drama. 

down the steps by Creon, 
Mikijiro remains in controL 
But it is only after he strips 
down to a blood-red shroud 
that he reveals his full tragic 

Taking leave of the children 
he lies down and rolls over the 
floor with them, and then 
circles the stage beating the 
ground in an ecstasy of grief; 

Goehr, Davies and Birtwistle 
— it had almost historical 
significance. But it would be a 
pity if, as seems to be the case 
this year, the modernist week- 
end is taken as an excuse for 
contemporary music to be 
practically ignored in the rest 
of the festivaL 
h also seems a bit negligent 
of a major festival to offer 
only two completely new 
works, both by young and 
little-known composers. Geof- 
frey King's You, always you I 
did not hear, but Philip 

through Birtwistle's Clarinet 

The other heroes of the 
weekend included Richard 
Benias, who conducted play- 
ers from the Scottish Chamber. 
Orchestra and the Scottish 
Philharmonic Singers in a 
programme including Kur- 
feg's Messages of the Late 
ft. V. Traussova and Goehr’s 
Sonata about Jerusalem. 

The Kurfeg, despite Adri- 
enne Csengery's mastery of ex- 
pressionist effect, continues to 
strike me as profoundly cheap. 

Cash lan’s Moon of the Dawn (justifying incoherence as an 
certainly earned its place; it is expression of female hysteria; 

offering an exercise in tbe then, at a cannon-shot and the 
primary human passions. Its returning baroque march, he 

certainty earned its place: it is 
just eight minutes long, filter- 
ing Japanese poems, sung by a 
soprano, into music for string 
quartet. The idea is an invita- 
tion to preciousness, but the 

but at least this performance 
showed how utterly magnifi- 
icently the accompaniment is 
conceived, with never a scrap 
of sound out of place. Sonata 

marvellously choreographed 

grace in the rock world has not .chorus are ideal spectators, 
blunted his ambition, even who respond to pity and terror 

marginally. He has a new 
record contract and is working 

better than we can ourselves. 
And the whole complex event 

playwright Christopher Mar- intensity of Tamburlaine con- 
lowe, who died in a tavern tempfeung his rightful ascen- 
brawl at the age of 29. Prior to sion to a position of imperial 
playing the same part in an power. “There is no law that 

on a forthcoming album. “] do .is built around the two simple 
want success again, and I will actions when Medea drives 
get it", he says with the her sword into the forestage 

ascends the steps, the sword 
glittming above his head, 
vanishing through the door- 
way as the chorus fly after him 
with cries of lamentation. I 
have never seen a more 
tremendous exit. 

But Ninagawa manages to 
exceed h with the unearthly 
apparition of Medea, high 
above tbe top balustrade. 

music has its moments of 'about Jerusalem is cooler 
tough making, and all through stuff but Michael Rippon 

off- Broadway production in 
1982. Hartcy had had no 
previous acting experience, 
but nevertheless regards him- 
self as uniquely qualified to 
lake on the part. For one 
thing, he speaks with pas- 
sionate enthusiasm of his 

get it”, he says with the her sword into the forestage But Ninagswa manag es to 
intensity of Tamburlaine con- and when she draws it out exceed h with the unearthly 
tempfeung his rightful ascen- again. apparition of Medea, high 

sion to a position of imperial Between these two mo- above tbe top balustrade; 
power. “There is no law that, men is there is a gathering of enthroned in tbe dragon-ebar- 
says 'Steve Harley has been forces towards a single terrible iot and making a last exit into 
there and that’s the end of his act. It is partly a process of the night sky. Tbe memory of 
turn’. 1 shall return, as General electrifying contrast: as where that departure will hover over 
MacWhatsisname said." choric laments are brutally cut Robert Adam’s courtyard for 

the intentions are precisely 
executed. Cashian also has a 
nice tine m melody. 

Carol Smith was the fine 
singer of this piece, with the 
Brodsky Quartet, whose two 
short programmes were in- 

brought funds of expressive 
warmth to it, and so precise 
and affectionate a perfor- 
mance needed no staging to 
make the point about the folly 
of wishful thinking. Indeed, 

Music in 


Elizabeth Hail 

The Princesse de Polignac, 
extraordinary patroness of the 
arts and particularly of music, 
is just about the ideal subject 
for a didactic event like this, 
which was devised by Michael 
Rennison and reasonably 
enough called “An Evening 
with the Princesse de Pol- 

If one were to lake the easy 
option, one could complete 
this review simply by listing 
some of the great figures she 
helped or otherwise knew: 
artists, musicians, writers 
alike. As it was. the effect of 
having the names of such a 
diverse array of genius pre- 
sented side by side, many 
illustrated by slides, revealed a 
scale of philanthropy that one 
never before quite appre- 

Unfortunately this happen- 
ing did rather sprawl. It took 
the form of a reminiscing 
interview, much in the man- 
ner of Desert Island Discs. 
between the veteran singer 
Doda Conrad, who himself 
knew the Princesse and who 
sang in Nadia Boulanger's 
celebrated Monteverdi record- 
ings, and the Princesse. here 
played by the actress Barbara 
Lcigh-Hum. M Conrad, tou- 
ching though it was to have 
him with us, is no actor, and 
delivered his lines haltingly, 
though Miss Leigh-Hunt 
coped- splendidly with the 
attendant difficulties as well as 
those presented by too much 

short programmes were in- the lesson was well made that atu-naant amicumes as wen as 
tensely alive and exact. This is revolutions in thought are those presented by too much 
not a loud-voiced quartet, but 'going to need a bit more effort. ■! iy a ? wimagp 

m Mr Rennison s script 

there and that’s the end of his 
turn'. I shall return, as General 
MacWhatsisname said." 

Meanwhile, be is bolstering 
his acting technique by taking 
lessons at the Guildhall 
School of Drama, and study- 

offby the arrival of Creon and ever. 

Opera: Paul Griffiths 
Dido and Aeneas £“£■ 

St Andrew and St ers) was part c 

Indeed, it solve 

long-standing admiration for ing for an English A level. 
Marlowe and his work. “He's “I’m going for an A", he says, 
always been a hero of mine: adding for good measure; “I 
I He was an iconoclast, rebel- want to play Edmund in Lear 
\ lious, he drank, he smoked with the Royal Shakespeare 
dope, he was slightly schizo- Company." 
phrenic, vctt sexual and he Earlier this year, following 
was a genius. You know how his top-10 recording success, 
you just identify with some with Sarah Brightman, of 
people in history." Phantom of the Opera, Harley 

Harley's selection as the auditioned before Hal Prince 
man to play the role seems to for the part of the Phantom in 
have been subject to similarly the forthcoming Andrew 
inspirational forces. The au- Lloyd Webber musical “They 
ihor. Leo Rost, a 65-year-old offered me the part the con- 
■New York theatre “anger tract was made and for a 
turned playwright who had couple of months I was set to 
never been to a rock concert in do it”, he says. The feet that 
his life, was persuaded by the job has since gone to 
Jimmy Horowitz, who wrote Michael Crawford is some- 

ihc music and who has worked thing which Harley describes 

as an arranger for Hatley in as “a matter for mild debate” 
the past, to go and see Harley between him and the corn- 
performing in concert at pany, but he insists that they 
Hammersmith Odeon. “They parted “on good terms" . - 

Theatre: Sarah Hemming 

Hamlet but they also prove i 

A . i xt ii distracting from 

Assembly Hall action, which is 

Oxford Playhouse company's 
Hamlet comes to the festival 

but they also prove irritatingly 
distracting from tbe main 
action, which is hampered 
enough as it is. 

Psychological springs to ac- 
tion and emotional inter- 
action between characters 

with Sarah Brightman. of to behind 

Phantom of the Opera, Harley Ido wonder what thty nradeof pronouncements and- larger 
auditioned before Hal Prince this maruc, .i li-m-ease_veraon gestures which give tbe whole 

there. Richard Williams's 
production pursues a theme 
that proves very limiting and 
completely swamps the play. 

gestures which give tbe whole 
thing a ham fisted feel and 
leave development out of the 
question. Never do we feel any 
sense of a relationship bo- 

cal led me later tbe same night 
and asked me to play Chris- 

topher Marlowe. I said, mod- sides of show business s u cc e ss, 
cstly. 'You'd like me to Has he now learnt how to 
audition?. And they said 'No. avoid the pitfells? He explains 
We've seen you. As you are is by example: “I have an inter- 
file way wc see our Marlowe.’ view to do. I say to myself 
Pm not bragging; I just uatu- 'Behave yourself Steve, don't 

Pm not bragging; I just uatu- 'Behave yourself Steve, don’t 
rally came across as the sort of blab, don’t talk too much, 
guy they wanted to be don't say things you know in 
Marlowe." print will look nothing like the 

That was in 1982 and way they came out of your 
presumably Harley vindicated body' . . . Then I forget iL It 
himselfsufficienfiyinlheNew goes to the wind.” He looks 

the job has since gone to JscmWajTce o f 8th^nmry 
Michael Crawford is some- 
thing which Harley describes 
as “a matter for mild debate" 

between him and the com- ^ 

pany, but he insists that they “ e reelings, 
parted “on good terms". ' 1 The whole production then 

At 35, married with two is played on a highly stylized, 
children, Hailey has seen both mannered level, in a mood of 
sides of show business s u ccess, intrigue established by the 
Has he now learnt how to prologue, where white-faced 
avoid the pitfells? He explains courtiers in blade cloaks flat- 
by example: “I have an inter- ter, twitch and swoop around 
view to do. I say to myself the stage like ominous crows 

and Claudius (Malcolm Ren- 

at theendof “Love Likei 77,31 '*» in 1982 way ibey cam* out of your 
"ThSh^rt d£ presumably Harley vindicated body’ . . . Then I forget iL It 
han to m himselfsufficienfiyinlheNew goes to the wind." He looks 

. 10 rcton for 80 York show to warrant being momentarily forionu a gentler 

” cast in the new production at person. “It’s the selftiestruct 

David Sinclair the King's Head. Sitting in the button; I just keep hitting iL" 

in an extended dumb show. 
This uncanny bunch continue 
to hover around throughout, 
eavesdropping and reacting to 
what is played out before 
them, pointing up the need to 
practise outward show. On 
Nadine Baylis’s stark black set 

nie). Or indeed between Ham- 
let and Ophelia (Sarah Ber- 
ger). Those who weather the 
climate best are Odin Bruce's 
stem Laertes and Richard 
Kay’s wholesomely pompous 
Potonius; the comic interplay 
between Potonius and Hamlet 
works wefl. 

It is Hamlet however who 
has the hardest job. David 
ThreHall begins at such a point 
of high-pitched hysteria that 
his craftily mad Hamlet has to 
become a gibbering, wild-eyed 
maniac, rushing about tbe 
stage in a dress and with 
ringlets, looking tike an 18th- 
century heroine on speed. 
Occasionally he emerges wit- 
tily, and at points where he is 
able to stow down near the end 
shows a stature, understand- 

they do create a feeling of ing and depth that otherwise 
eerie, twitching oppression, remain submerged. 

Reeling from tbe Russian 
productions at the King’s 
Theatre, operatic souls have 
been comforted at Edinburgh 
by a fresh, lively and winning 
production of Dido , and Ae- 
neas within the elliptical audi- 
torium of one of the city's 
Georgian churches. The com- 
pany concerned. Opera Re- 
stor’d. belong to fiie “auth- 
entic" school as far as musical 
performance is concerned, 
and it was a pleasure to hear 
the light, pastoral tones of this 
opera so naturally delivered 
by a string quartet with harpsi- 
chord and guitar, tbe in- 
strumental music beim beefed 
up by fiie addition of dances 
from Purcell's other stage 
works of the period. Peter 
Holman was responsible for 
the musical direction. 

The stage style, though, 
made no pretensions to recov- 
ering the original performance 
conditions, which would argu- 
ably reauire a cast entirely of 
schoolgirls. Instead we had 
professional singers pretend- 
ing to be ladies and gents of 
the period adopting, as ladies' 
and gents of that period so 
often do on the modern sta^, 
a kind of slow-motion fop- 
pery. However, the costumes, 
by Robin Linklater, were of- 
ten gorgeous, and the very 
artificiality of the hisioricizing 
(with modern materials for the 
dothes and with wigs for the 

instrumentalists a full century 
later than those for the sing- 
ers) was part of the charm. 
Indeed it solved an essential 

Dido is a work that needs 
some ' explanation for its 
quaintness, since couplets like 
“Our plot is took / The 
queen's forsook" are ex- 
tremely hard to place in any 
serious context By introduc- 
ing an element of historical 
pageant into the proceedings. 
Jack Edwards's production 
effectively withdrew the dan- 
ger of bathos. 

The cast was a fine one. 
Bronwen Mills provided a 
stately Dido, tragic but not a 
bit self-indulgent in her final , 
chaconne, which benefited 
from Mr Holman's unstuggish 
tempo. Susan Bisatt was a 
Belinda terribly eager to 
please, but generating joy 
through the generousness and 
vibrancy of her singing. The- 
resa Lister was a brightly- 
voiced Sorceress, happily 
doing without any caricature 
wickedness, and Andrew 
Knight strode manfully 
through the part of Aeneas. 

The live musical interludes 
naturally enough consisted of 
works directly associated with 
the Princesse. In Faure’s in- 
cidental music for Pelleas et 
A/cfisande, as in Ravel’s Pa- 
vane pour une Infante d&funte, 
the London Sinfoniclta under 
Esa-Pekka Salonen did not 
play with quite their usual 
crispness, but for Stravinsky's 
severely neo-classical Con- 
certo for Piano and Wind, 
which the composer himself 
gave in the Princesse’s salon, 
their wits seemed to have 
sharpened. Paul Crossley gave 
an aptly gritty account of the 
solo part, just about managing 
lo avoid imbuing the slow 
movement with too much 

At length came the grand 
finale, a resurrection of Barry 
Smith's production of Falla's 
Master Pctcr*s Puppet Show, 
another piece dedicated to 
Polignac. And charming, not 
10 say spectacular, it was too. 
with some fine playing and 
some excellent, disembodied 
singing from Elizabeth Gale 
(the Boy), Robin Leggate 
Master Peter) and Stephen 
Roberts (Don Quixote). 

Stephen Pettitt 


Our comprehensive 1 0-week course on the 
coven Panting, Sculpture, Architecture, Film, Deskin. 

Photography etc. 


Tel; 01-584 0667. 


DAY AUGUST 26 1986 

Britain dons its raincoat for a Bank holiday washout 

Continued from page 1 
optimistic meteorologist re- 
ported: “There is still lots of 
heavy rain up there waiting to 


This time the blame fell 
upon Hurricane Charley, 
which began life as a tropical 
storm, hit North Carolina and 
then swept out into the At- 
lantic to be reinvigorated by 
an involvement with cooler 
polar air. 

Yesterday. Hurricane Char- 
ley took the form of an intense 
depression moving from 
southern Ireland across the 
west country and through the 
Midlands, bringing heavy rain 
to all areas except northern 
Scotland, and hoisting gale 
warnings throughout the Irish 
Sea. English Channel and 
North Sea. 

Off the Cornish coast a 
family of five were rescued by 
a Royal Navy warship when 
their yacht began taking in 
water in stormy seas. 

HMS Jersey went to the aid 
of the French boat Fabulo 
after picking up a distress call. 

The French family, includ- 
ing three children, were trans- 
ferred to the ship; the yacht's 
skipper stayed on board to 
help the St Mary's lifeboat to 
tow her back to St Ives. 

In South Wales and the 
West Country. Bank holiday 
Monday afternoon was distin- 
guished by one and a half 
inches of rain. Many parts of 
the South-east soaked up at 
least an inch. 

In Ireland. 60 mph winds 
caused power blackouts in 
areas near the coast and pans 
of .Co Waterford and Co Cork 
were flooded after hours of 
heavy rain. 

Damp spirits at 

In London, where the high- 
est temperature was an 
unseasonally low 61 F, there 
was a fifth of an inch. 

An air and sea search for 
two men missing after their 
dinghy sank off the 
Merseyside coast was aban- 
doned last night Two survi- 
vors had been swept ashore 
wearing lifejackets on Sunday 

The Nolting Hill Carnival 
in west London was marred by 
the atrocious weather that 
reduced the expected three- 
quarters of a million people to 
200.000 for the two days. 

■ Many people, however, did 
brave the rain and danced to 
the rhythm of calypso music 
in the streets on the final day 
of the celebrations. 

The police monitored 
crowd levels using a network 
of computerized cameras in- 
herited from the Falklands 

About fifty officers manned 
the nerve centre of “gold 
control" which was set up in 
the gymnasium of Sion Man- 
ning School. Charles Street, in 
the heart of the carnival area. 

Their aim was to watch the 
crowd and send in snatch 
squads to pick up trouble 
makers or petty criminals. 

Their job was made easier 
by the rain which began early 
in the afternoon, although 
more petty crime was reported 
over the two days than last 

83 arrested at 
scooter rally 

Several people were injured 
and 83 arrested as violent 
clashes marred the end of the 
Isle of Wight scooter rally. 
Thousands of pounds worth of 
damage was caused after gate- 
crashers. said to be Hell's 
Angels, invaded the site near 

A beer marquee was looted 
and set on fire. A caravan and 
supply trailers belonging to 
the caterers were also set 

It took police officers sev- 
eral hours to quell what they 
described as a serious distur- 
bance. At one stage, a fire 
engine called to the rally site 
was pelted with stones and a 
fireman was cut by flying 

Hampshire police said that 
most of the people arrested 
were charged with theft from 
the marquee; others faced 
public order charges. 

Rain severely affected all 
the county cricket matches 
yesterday, with play at 
Bournemouth, Worcester, 
Cardiff and Hove being 
washed out without a ball 
being bowled. 

Even the World Formula 
Two Powerboating Grand 
Prix at the Royal Victoria 
Dock. London, was called off 
because the driving rain made 
conditions too hazardous. But 
the Football League and rac- 
ing programmes continued as 

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The weather failing to dampen spirits at die Notting Hill Carnival in London yesterday (left), although the 
seafront at Teignmonth, Devon, which is nsnaUy packed with holidaymakers, Is left to the elements. 

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A family protecting themselves from the rain on the Plalace Pier, Brighton (left), and Mods returning from die Isle of Wight disembarking from a Seafink ferry in Portsmouth. 

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| VI 3 ■■■ vj 


Today's events 

Royal engagements 
The Princess of Wain visits 
Dundee: visits Roxburghe 
House. Royal Victoria Hospital, 
Jedburgh St, 10.30: and, as 
President, Dr Bamaido's, visits 
the Dundee Family Support 
Team, 14 Dudhope St. 11.45. 
New exhibitions 

Silver, jewelry and paintings 
by Michael Thomson, Tower 
House, Quay St. Bangor. North- 
ern Ireland; Tues to Sat 1 1 to 9, 
Sun 2 to 6 (ends Aug 31) 

Exhibitions in progress 

Tassie Portraitist ot the Scot- 
tish Enlightenment (ends Sept 
30); Printed Light the scientific 
art of William Henry Fox 
Talbot and D O Hill with 
Robert Adamson, Scottish Na- 1 

tional Portrait Gallery, Queen 
St, Edinburgh; Mon to Sat 10 to 
5, Sun 2 to 5 (ends Oct 26) 

The Wally Close: photographs 
by Hugh Carroll; Etchings by 
Fiona Dick; MacLaurin Art 
Gallery. Rozelle Park, Ayr Mon 
to Sat II to 5. Sun 2 to 5 (ends 
Aug 31) 

Lake Artists Society Annual 
Exhibition. New HaU, Gras- 
mere; Mon to Sat 10 to 5.30. Sun 
2 to 5 (ends Sept 1 1) 

Rembrandt 1606-1669. The 
Whitworth Art Gallery. Univer- 
sity of Manchester, Whitworth 
Park; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Thurs 
10 to 9 (ends Nov 1) 

The Domesday Tradition: 
Surveys and Maps in East 
Sussex; The Bayeux Tapestry; 
Museum and Art Gallery, Johns 
Place, Cambridge Rd, Hastings; 
Mon to Sat 10 to 1, 2 to 5, Sun 3 
to 5 (ends Sept 7) 

Glass and Textiles by 40 
artists. Old Fire Station Arts 
Centre, 40 George St, Oxford; 
Mon to Fri 10io4(endsAug30) 

Redial by Alvin Moisey (pi- 
ano) and David Abbott (flute). 
Parish Church, Hawfceshead, 8. 
Concert by the Toronto Sym- 

TV top ten 

I i - iTm i n , 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,134 

Edinburgh. 8. 


Making Samplers: 

demonstration by Jane 
Greenoff, Corinium Museum, 
Park St, Cirencester, 2 to 5. 

Steam awards 

The Steam Heritage Awards 
are to be repeated next year, and 
£3,000 of prize money is on 
offer. The money will be shared 
by five winners, a Premier prize 
of £1.000 (for outstanding tech- 
nological innovation) and four 
category winners, each being 
-awarded £500. The objective or 
Steam Heritage, an organization 
sponsored by British Coal and 
the Solid Fuel Advisory Service, 
and which involves the Trans- 
port Trust and leading 
enthusiasts' organizations, is. to 
preserve the products and pro- 
mote interest in the achieve- 
ments of Britain's Industrial 
Revolution. Entry forms for the 
1987 awards, which must be 
completed and returned by the j io Q«jgfc 2 . 40 m 
end of this November, are _ 
available from Geoff El lard. I *"*1* 

British Coal, Hobart House, 

Grosvenor Place, Lonfon 

Orange badges 


1 A lumberjack interrupts the 
commercials in dispute 
( 2 , 11 ). 

9 Adam and Eve had to make 
a fuss (5,4). 

10 Several days* walk (5). 

11 He wrote music for dance — 
heartless fellow (5). 

12 Take second boat to island 

13 Film of Peel (4). 

15 With end about due, gave 
catcalls (7). 

17 Regret departure before 
scholarship (7). 

18 Takes cover in certain direc- 
tion (7). 

20 It's unfortunately not hers 
to take up VI 

21 Sentimental song - I'm all 
ears (4). 

22 Eat noisily, not quietly — 
what a disgrace (4). 

23 Changes in course of duty, 
we hear (5). 

26 J will enter the French city 
of Flanders (5). 

27 Two playful children you 
met abroad, on the spur of 
the moment (9). 

28 If ail agree, SA5. members 
ma^ ^appear in person 


1 President and founder of na- 
tion and city (7,7). 

2 People have a song about it 

3 Environmentalists keep off 
the grass (10). 

4 Pleased with move that's 
gone (7). 

5 German died over Russian 
division of county (7). 

6 Money given to a railway of 
old (4). 

7 Start swimming and cross 
through (6.3). 

8 Having seen enough, can't 
resolve to do a U-tura 

14 Shares left to no one, writ- 
ten up in a codicil (IQ). 

16 Rail at U-SA's involve- 
ment in another country (9). 

19 Man disposed of — that's 
right (7). 

20 Have doubts about weight- 

24 21 left tropic isle (5). 

25 Elsie. Lacie and Tfl&e lived 
here in style (4). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,133 

snsHaEiaraas araiiis 

B'll 13 H B B P 

assEisEiaisiisra aeEs 
ge 5 E3 s s a -e r? 

i'J ns E? H ■■ H- 1^ ffl 
a • 15 Si 12 15 is 

IS O- PI i-i I5 r -E S E 


15 B 0 B 13- II U iil 
IIS -n - — : 15 ■ IS • H IT R 

M - way trouble 

Tlw Central Office of Information offers 
seasonal advice on motorway emer- 
gencies. If you have a breakdown oaf on 
to the hard shoulder, to the left of the 
camageway, as soon as possfbte, but 
ramemoer that there Is stifl danger from 
passing traffic. Switch on your hazard 
warning Bghts, and, at night, your side 
fetus as wet Don't open your offside 
doors or stand at the bpefc. as this might 

obscure your rear fights. Keep wefl away 
from the camagevray. Then use the 
nearest emergency Mepho na . 

Bond winners 

Wfiwing numbers in the rr oo My drew tor 
Premium Bond prizes are; Fl 00.00Q: 
13WT 116164 (wirrnar &v«s in Oaneastsrt; 
E50.000: 11BT 283108 [Surrey); £2Sj00l£ 
15CN 008603 (Hampshire). 


Mi dl a nds: M& Cont ra flow be- 
tween junctions 4A and 5 ( M42/ 
Sutton Coktfiekl). Warw i c ks hire; 
southbound entry at junction 5 
closed. Ml: Contraflow at junction 
20 ( Lutterworth); sGp road closures. 
A1: Contraflow N of Newark at 
Cromwefl, and at Carlton - on - 

Wales and West M4: Lane 

closures between junction 37 and 
40 ( Porthcawl/Port Talbot) on both 
carriageways. A4:Trafflc restric- 
tions on London Rd. Bath. A31: 
Bypass work between Ringwood 
aid Wsnbome. Dorset 

North: MB: Delays on both 
carriageways between junctions 32 
and & ( MSS/ Lancaster). Ml 8: 
Contraflow between junctions 6 and 
7 ( Thome/ M62), South Yorkshire; 
sfip reed closures at junction 6. 

London and South - east: All: 
One lane of traffic In each (fraction. 
E of Campbell Rd in Bow Rd. A501: 
Single - line traffic In City Rd, 
Islington, between Wharf Rd and 
Britannia Walk. Ml: Contraflow at 
junction 11 ( Dunstable), Bedford- 
shire; no entry or exit at this 


Births: Sir Robert Walpole, 
Earl of Orford, “Prime 
Minister’’ 1721-42, Houghton 
Hall, Norfolk, 1676; Josepb- 
Mkbel Montgolfier, baUonist, 
Annonay, France, 1740; Antoine 
Lavoisier, scientist. Pans, 1743; 
Albert, Prince Consort, Schlos 
Rosenau, Coburg, Germany, 
1819; John Buchan, 1st Baron 
Tweedsmmr, writer and Gov- 
ernor -Genoa! of Canada 1935- 
4a Perth, 1875; GnOLunDe 
ApoUhnire, poet, Rome, 1880. 

Deaths: William James, 
philosopher, Chocorua, Hamp- 
shire, 1910; Lon Chaney, film 
actor. New York, 1930; Ralph 
Vaughan Williams, 1-nnrinn 

Johns Caesar landed in Brit- 
ain, 55 BG 



A deep depression will 
move slowly eastwards 
across the British Isles. It 
wilL be generally cloudy 
with rain or showers at 
times but Scotland will be 
mainly dry with some 
sunny intervals. . 

6 am to midnig ht 


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p W7M 

The pound 

Yogcntinfa Dor 

Ram lor sraal doronkiatlcn be* ootas 
only as suppSeJ by Barclays Be* PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and other foreign currency 

Concise crossword page 8 

c heques and other 

Detail Price fnOHt 384^ 

London: The FT Mm dosed 42 an 
Friday at 1271,2- 

V—.y *- 

Yesterday: Temp: max E am to S pm, 
(S3F) ; min 6 Mi to G am.12C d 

Highest and lowest 


C F 
S 28 79 
S 29 84 
F 30 86 
S32 90 
R 13 55 
S 30 88 
S 3gl00 

F 17 83 
S 30 86 
H 11 52 
$ 25 77 
S 25 77 
S 28 82 
F 17 63 
S 25 77 
f 17 63 
S U 75 
T 12 54 
f 32 90 
S 18 84 
S 29 .84 
8 38 87 

C F 

F 29 84 
S 28 62 
S 30 86 

T 19 66 
■S 33 91 
8.24 75 
H 12 54 
F !9 86 
F 18 61 
M 26 T9 
S 30 86 
S 32 90 
T 23 73 
S 25 77 
F 18 59 

F 20 68 

C t 
S 28 g 

F.ifl £ 
•c off 
■s 19 If 

•F 18 |1 
S 30 8f 
C29 W 
H 11 * 

F 16 M 


F 30 . 

IS | 






C- 6 « 




>tc ?k‘ 







Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 


FT 30 Share 
1271 2 (+0.2) 

FT-SE 100 

1607.1 (+ 5 . 2 ) 



USM (Dafastream) 
125.5 (+1.54) 

(Change on week! 

US Dollar 
f .4900 (-0.0045) 

W German mark 
3.0426 (-0.0376) 


73.1 (+1.4) 

S Africa 
hit by 

From Michael Hornsby 

The political and civil strife 
in Sooth Africa stimulated a 
net outflow of Hands 9-547 
billion (£2.46 billion at the 
. commercial rand rate) during 
. the 12 months since Joly 1985, 
according to the Sooth African 
Reserve Bank's annual report 

This period ronghly co- 
incides with the 12 months 
since the imposition of a 
partial state of emergency on 
Joly 21 1985, lifted on March 
7 bat replaced on Jane 12 by a 
national state of emergency. 

The declaration of the first 
state of emergency, “in a 
general climate of political 
nnrest, contributed to a 
worsening of overseas percep- 
tions of South Africa's socio- 
economic stability and of the 
prospects for the economy", 
the report states. 

“The resultant renewed net 
onflow of foreign capital and 
. intensified downward pressure 
on the exchange rate began to 
assume ' critical proportions 
when, towards the end of July, 
certain foreign banking in- 
jsfkutiaa*. made known, their, 
intention of not renewing 
credit facilities." 

The stricter foreign ex- 
change controls, and the uni- 
lateral “standstill" on the 
copayment of more than half 
Sooth Africa's foreign debt, 
imposed by Pretoria last 
September, “did not succeed in 
stemming the outflow of cap- 
ital from South Africa". 

The report says the sharp 
increase in short-term capital 
outflows in the second half of 
1985 was partly due to the 
repayment of large amounts of 
loans falling outside the stand- 
still net, “that might well have 
hem rolled over if Sooth 
Africa's credit rating had not 
been reduced by the 

Outflows of short-term and 
long-term capital have re- 
mained high in the first half of 
1986, because of perceived 
threats of intensified economic 
sanctions against South Af- 
rica. news of continued social 
unrest and because “foreign 
loans falling due had to be 
repaid without new loans being 
made available". 

The capital outflow is seen 
here as the most serious threat 
to the prospects for long-term 
economic growth, without 
which it will be impossible for 
the government to defuse un- 
rest by creating more jobs _ for 
blacks and improving housing, 
schools and other facilities. 

Earlier this month, the gov- 
ernment approved a proposal 
for widening the use of the so- 
called financial rand in the 
hope of reviving foreign invest- 
ment in' South Africa, which 
has completely dried np. 

The financial rand is a 
special restricted exchange 
rate, introduced with other 
foreign exchange controls last 
September to discourage the 
outflow of capital. 

The financial rand is worth 
only around USl9c-20c, al- 
most half the value of the 
commercial rand, which is 
valued at about US38c. Cap- 
ital can only leave the country 
at the financial rand rate, 
which imposes a heavy loss on 
the disinvestor. 

In the past foreigners could 
purchase financial rands only 
to invest in pnblidy listed 
Sooth African stocks or cer- 
tain other approved assets. 
Under the new rales, financial 
rands can now also be bought 
for investment in property and 
private companies. 

Meanw hile, Mr Kent Dorr, 
the Deputy Minister of Fi- 
nance, described as “unadul- 
terated rubbish" a report in a 
British Sunday newspaper 
that Pretoria was “poised to 
nationalize" British com- 
panies here if the European 
Economic Commission de- 
cides to impose economic sanc- 
tions this year. 

“South Africa has always 
been a good and safe invest- 
ment for British investors and 
things will remain that way," 
he told Business Day, a 
Johannesburg newspaper. 

Interest rate hope 
fuels record rise 
for Tokyo shares 

By David Watts in Tokyo and David Smith 

Hopes of lower interest 
rates brought strong gains in 
share prices in Japan and West 
Germany yesterday. Prices on 
the Tokyo Stock Exchange 
posted their biggest ever one- 
day gain. 

The market optimism came 
in spite of official caution 
about the prospects for mone- 
tary relaxation in the two 
countries, following last 
week's half-point reduction in 
the US discount rate. 

, The Nikkei-Dow Jones in- 
dex in Tokyo surged fry 432.78 
points to 18.565.61, easily 
beating the previous largest 
I one-day rise, of 320.56 points, 
i recorded on September 29, 

Last week, the market had 
fallen back on fears of the 
consequences for the economy 
of the strong yen, dropping by 

800 points in the space of 
three days. 

In West Germany, die 
Commerzbank index in 
Frankfurt rose by 1 1 2 points 
to 2,102-2. 

The council of West 
Germany’s central bank, the 
Bundesbank, meets on Thurs- 
day, amid intense pressure on 
it to make at least a token 
reduction in interest rates. 

According to Mr David 
Morrison, international 
economist at Goldman Sachs 
in London, the Bundesbank 
may opt to cut its Lombard 
rate from 5.5 to 5 per cent at 
Thursday’s meeting. This has 
little impact on current money 
market rates but could signal 
the intentions of the West 
German authorities and alle- 
viate the upward pressure of 
the mark. 

World economy 6 is 
close to recession’ 

The world economy is close 
to recession, according to the 
Charterhouse business fore- 
cast published today. Persis- 
tently high interest rales have 
cut investment in new capac- 
ity and diverted funds into the 
hands of non-risktakers, the 
report S3ys. 

The quarterly forecast pre- 
pared by Mr James Morrell, 
says the world oil crisis has led 
to large cuts in oil producers' 
investment and incomes but 
there has been no offsetting 
rise in spending by oil 

As a result the world econ- 
omy has entered a period of 
stagnation which will be exac- 
erbated by the efforts of- the 
United Slates to cut back its 
balance of payments and bud- 
get deficits. 

Other countries, the report 
says, show no signs of adopt- 
ing expansionary polities to 
counter this. * 

In addition, the report says, 
the collapse of oil and other 
commodity prices has deep- 
ened international debt 

“The magnitude of the oil 
and debt problems must be 

taken as warnings that the 
world is perilously close to 
recession.” the report con- 

The forecast for Britain, like 
that of the National Institute 
for Economic and Social Re- 
search last week, is for slow 
growth — 2 per cent this year 
and 2.6 per cent in 1987 — and 
a small rise in inflation, to 4.5 
per cent next year. 

The Government is ex- 
pected to push down interest 
rates, even at the risk of 
sending the pound lower. One 
reason for this, the report says, 
is the need to sustain equity 
markets ahead of the British 
Gas flotation. 

Unemployment is expected 
to remain at the 3.2 million 
to3.3 million level, and the 
balance of payments is ex- 
pected to move into deficit 
next year. 

However, Charterhouse's 
forecast for the current ac-'- 
count, a £1 billion deficit in 
1 987 after a £2 billion surplus 
this year, is considerably less 
gjoomy than that of the Na-. 
lional Institute, which last 
week predicted a 1 987 deficit 
of nearly £6 billion. 

Tin brokers to step up 
fight for crisis millions 

By Our City Staff 

London tin brokers are 
stepping 'up their fight to 
recoup from the British Gov- 
j emmem some of the £400 
million they lost on the col- 
I lapse of the tin market last 

Tinco Realisations, the 
group of 1 1 London broker 
creditors of the International 
Tin Council has sent a de- 
tailed briefing of its case to the 
22-member states of the ITC, 
including the British Govern- 

Tinco says the member 
states are financially respon- 
sible for the large debts left in 
the wake of the tin crisis. 
Creditor banks are still owed 
£340 million. 

The British Government 
denies any legal liability for 
the losses. A spokeman for the 
Department of Trade and 
industry said yesterday: “The 
circumstances surrounding 
the tin crisis, which were fully 
probed by the Trade and 
Industry Select Committee, 
do not favour any sort of 
agreement or settlement at the 
moment. We are waiting for 
the case concerning a writ 
issued by a tin broker, to come 
to court." 

JH Rayner, one of the 
London Metal Exchange bro- 
kers. is taking all 22 members 

of the ITC to court to recover 
its losses after the collapse of 
the tin market 

Unco's lengthy document, 
which has ban sent to Mr 
Paul Channon, the Trade and 
Industry Secretary, alleges 
that member states were fully 
aware of the haphazard fund- 
ing of the Sixth International 
Tin Agreement and its impen- 
ding collapse. It uses minutes 
from ITC meetings to back up 
its case. 

Mr Michael Arnold, a se- 
nior partner of Arthur Young, 
the firm of accountants, and 
the leader of Tinco Realis- 
ations, commented: “Tinco 
has received the strongest legal 
advice confirming the culpa- 
bility and liability of the 
member states. We have sent 
this document to all the 
relevant ministers, in aiding 
the British Government's 
representatives, and we have 
requested them to respond. 

“We look forward to these 
reactions, which we hope will 
be constructive in settling a 
dispute which we believe has 
been very damaging, not only 
to us but to the London 
commodity markets generally 
and to the City of London’s 
standing in the international 
financial community." 

•=.:^nv._ j 


-y -1 

However, Mr Morrison ex- 
pects such pressure to force 
the German central bank into 
a significant cut in the dis- 
count rate, prior to the annual 
meetings of the International 
Monetary Fund in Washing- 
ton at the end of September. 

One possibility is that the 
United States, having thrown 
down the gauntlet by reducing 
the discount rate last week, 
would then seize the opportu- 
nity to make a further 

Yesterday, currency mar- 
kets were quiet. Last night in 
New York, the dollar was 
quoted at 153.8 yen and 
DM2.0425. The pound was 
weak at $1.4810, implying 
that there will be problems 
about Britain's participation 
in any round of interest rate 

in doubt 

The outlook for West Ger- 
man industry has deteri- 
orated, according to a report 
published yesterday by the 
IFO Economic Research In- 
stitute in Munich. 

The report, which comes 
amid a healed debate in 
Germany over whether the 
economy requires the boost of 
lower interest rates, will put 
pressure on the West German 
central bank at its council 
meeting on Thursday. 

Other figures released yes- 
terday suggested that infla- 
tionary pressures in West 
Germany remain very weak 

The cost . of living in 
Germany’s largest federal 
state. North Rhine West- 
phalia, was down by 0l2 per 
cent in mid-August over a 
month earlier. 

' . Compared with .a year ear- 
lier, the cost of living' was 
down by 0.7 per cent. Ger- 
many has been posting cost of 
living fells, on a 1 2-month 
basis, since late spring. 

The IFO report on German 
industry concluded that slow 
growth in output was set to 
continue. Companies which 
took pari in the institute's 
regular survey of industrial 
trends last month were scep- 
tical about the prospects for 
stronger growth in the second 
half of the year. 

The German government 
has consistently claimed that 
such growth will emerge with- 
out any action by the authori- 
ties, including on interest 

The rise in the value of the 
mark has bit export prospects, 
although there was no further 
deterioration in companies’ 
assessments of overseas sales 
prospects Iasi month. 

Wholesale trade prospects 
were worse than in June, 

Last week, Herr Martin 
Bangemann, the Economics 
Minister, claimed that the 
growth rate for the economy 
would pick up in the second 
half of the year, to give 3 per 
cent rise in gross national 
product for 1986 as a whole. 

In the first half of the year, 
growth is believed to have 
been running at 2 to 2J per 
cent, implying a stronger 
performance in the second 
half of the year. 

ft has become clear that if 
such stronger growth is to 
emerge it has to be 
doe rustically generated. De- 
spite a record trade surplus of 
DM50 billion (£16.5 billion) 
in the first half of the year, 
export volumes, hit by the 
strong mark, are only rising 

Comment, page 17 



John Elliott: transfer of voting rights puts him in a powerful position 

Elders ‘close to winning 
go-ahead for Allied bid’ 

By Alison Eadie 

The Monopolies and Merg- 
ers Commission is believed to 
have given Elders EXL the go- 
ahead to bid forAliied-Lyons, 
the British food and drink 
group. The Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry, Mr 
Paul Channon, is expected to 
give the MMC report his 
blessing any time now. 

The Australian brewer 
I would then be free to relaunch 
its offer, almost a year after it 
, stunned the City with its first 
£1.7 billion debt-financed bid 
— then the biggest to hit the 
British takeover scene. 

The intervening year, how- 
ever, has been one of enormous 
change for Elders and Allied- 
Lyons. Allied has produced 
impressive profit figures, 
which have helped boast its 
stock market value to £23 
billion. Elders would not be in 
with a chance unless it offered 
a substantial premium to that 

Allied has also made a 
C$2.6 billion (£1-25 billion) 
bid for Canadian * Hiram 
Walker Resources' drinks di- 
vision: The acquisition would 

greatly increase Allied's size 
and make much more difficult 
for Elders to digest. However, 
it has been fraught with 
difficulty’ and is not yet In the 

Although Allied seemed the 
agreement of Hiram's board to 
the acquisition, Hiram was 
then taken over by Olympia 
and York, a Canadian real 
estate and resources group. 
O&Y opposes the deal. 

Its first blocking attempt 
failed in July, when the On- 
tario Supreme Court dis- 
missed with costs its appeal 
against a lower court's de- 
cision approving Hiram's 
right to sell to Allied. O&Y 
returns to court a week tomor- 
row to ask leave to appeal 
against the July decision. 

Allied goes to court on 
September 29 to try' to enforce 
its original contract. 

Elders sees Allied's move as 
being designed to spoil its 
chances of rebidding. A Tew 
months ago, the Hiram pur- 
chase may have done just that, 
but Elders too has undergone a 
transformation; -- ‘ - 

Last April Elders and Bro- 
ken Hill Proprietary, 
Australia's largest company, 
exchanged what appeared to 
be defensive cross holdings in 
each other in what was seen as 
an attempt to stymie the long- 
running attempt by Bell Re- 
sources, led by Mr Robert 
Holmes a Court, to take over 

Mr Holmes a Court, how- 
ever, turned the tables this , 
month by transferring his 
voting power in BHP to Mr | 
John Elliott, chief executive of . 
Elders, for Blip's annual , 
meeting on September 23. 

Mr Elliott, through the | 
addition of Bell's 28 per cent 
stake to his own near 20 per | 
cent, is in a powerful position. 

The possibility has been 
raised of Elders and Bell doing 
deals together. The most 
popular theory is that Elders 
will shortly be in the driving I 
seat at BHP and will buy ont 
Bell’s stake. 

Mr Elliott would then be 1 
extremely well placed and 
have the financial muscle re- 
quired to bid for AJlied-Lyons 

New bid for BHP ‘ready’ 

Sydney (Reuter) — Mr Rob- 
ert Holmes i Court's Bell 
Resources has prepared a new 
formal takeover for the Bro- 
ken Hill Proprietary Co, but it 
is delaying having it reg- 
istered, analysts said i n Sydney. 

They believed that Mr 
Holmes a Court had filed a bid 
with the National Companies 
and Securities Commission 
(NCSC), but that the commis- 
sion had refused to register it 
in the form submitted. 

Mr Ray Schoer, the NCSC 
executive director, confirmed 
that the NCSC and its agent, 
the Victorian Corporate Af- 
fairs Commission, had re- 

EEC to tax 

The European Commission 
is to impose 15.8 per cent duty 
on the import of Japanese 
photocopiers into the EEC in 
one of the largest anti-dump- 
ing actions taken by the 
Community so far. 

The action follows com- 
plaints from the Committee of 
European Copier Manufac- 
turers last year and an EEC 
investigation which revealed 
that Japanese photocopiers 
were being sold in Europe at 
up to 69 per cent less than 
their normal price in Japan. 

The import duty will come 
into effect from tomorrow but 
it is expected to have little 
impact initially as the Japa- 
nese manufacturers are ex- 
pected to absorb it 

sponded to documents 
submitted by Mr Holmes d 
Court But the matter is now 
back with Mr Holmes a Court 
after examination by the 
NCSC and CaC. Mr Schoer 

“You should not assume 
there is a registered part A 
(formal takeover) statement in 
any sense whatsoever,” he 

The range of possibilities 
mentioned by dealers and 
analysis includes a buyout of 
Bell by Elders IXL a takeover 
of Elders by BHP or a new bid 
by Bell that might be aimed at 
triggering a buyout. 

The anaylsts said that they 
understood that Bell. BHP 
and Elders had been involved 
in talks. 

Mr Tony Moody, an analyst 
with A C Goode and Com- 
pany, said Mr 
Holmes d Court now knew 
what it would take to have 
another bid registered 

That gave him the option of 
launching an immediate fifth 
bid for BHP shares in a form 
he knew would be acceptable, 
or continuing a waiting game 
with BHP. 

Mr Holmes & Court was 
unavailable for comment. 

battle to 

By Judith Huntley 

Greycoat Group, which is 
making a hostile £1 OS million 
offer for Property Holding and 
Investment Trust, launched 
its bid only five months after 
its £37.1 million rights issue 
because of a plan to develop a 
£100 million office and retail 
scheme with the British Rail 
Properly Board at London’s 
Charing Cross station. 

Greycoat would like to re- 
tain a lion's share of the profits 
from the Charing Cross 
scheme. If it is successful in 
acquiring Phil, it would have 
an asset base on which to 
finance such a development 
without seeking institutional 
funding, which would reduce 
its profit share. 

Greycoat is making its final 
attempt to persuade Phit 
shareholders to accept its 
13S.3p per share ofTcr or the 
cash alternative of I37.5p per 
share before Thursday's dos- 
ing date. But Phit knows it can 
count on 24 per cent of its 
shares held by two large 

Greycoat's shares have 
fallen below the level of its 
cash offer: therefore that is the 
more attractive option for 
Phit shareholders. 

Greycoat has said it will not 
improve its offer as it believes 
its portfolio to be folly valued. 
The valuation methods of 
both companies have been the 
battleground in the increas- 
ingly acrimonious fight after 
the breakdown of amicable 
talks over the question of 



Yorkshire Television's 
prospectus, out today, values 
the company at £41.2 million 
and includes a profit forecast 
of at least £8.25 million for the 
12 months to September 30. 

On a 41 per cent tax charge, 
the shares are on a p/c ratio of 
8.4 limes. The indicated divi- 
dend yield is 7 per cent. The 
prospectus, published on page 
19. also contains a figure of 
£12.4 million for cash bal- 
ances at the end of July. 

Analysts believe the shares 
are attractively priced com- 
pared with those of similar 
companies. However, they say 
a fair amount of institutional 
liquidity has been taken up by 
the flotations this year of 
Thames Television and TV- 

Baring Brothers is offering 
8327.923 shares, or 25 per 
cent of the equity, for sale at 
125p each. 

Yorkshire is now the only 
1TV company not to be 
quoted or be part of a quoted 

GBt-edMd 16 USM Revfen 17 
Analysis 16 CmpB} News 17 
1>S Notebook 16 Mency Mrkls 17 
Wall Street 16 Foreign Exrti 17 
Comment 17 SJure Pres 18 




Trafalgar tipped to win rail site 

By Judith Huntley, 
Commercial Property 

The future of British Rail 
Engineering's 150-acre site in 
the heart of Brunei’s railway 
town of Swindon will be 
revealed next month when the 
successful developer for the 
redundant > works is 

Trafalgar House Develop- 
ments, part of the property, 
shipping and construction 
company headed by Sir Nigel 
Broackes is keenly interested 
and is being tipped by some as 
most likely to succeed. t 

The company says n has 
gone to great pains to comply 

with Brel's requirements for 
the site. Mr Geoffrey Carter, 
the chairman of the commer- 
cial and residential property 
divisions of Trafalgar House, 
said: "We are very enthusias- 
tic about the site and we hope 
we are in the pole position to 
win iL" 

But there are other contend- 
ers including Swindon Bor- 
ough Council in partnership 
with the private sector and a 
consortium called the Great 
Western Works which would 
involve joint development 
with the Heron Property 
Corporation, part of Mr Ger- 
ald Ronson's empire. 

It will not be an easy ate to 
develop. The vast sheds, for- 
merly housing 2,300 engineer- 
ing workers, will have to be 
demolished before develop- 
ment can begin. There are 
listed buildings on the site 
which will have to be retained 
and there are infrastructure 

There will be a mix of 
development on the site 

including housing, a small 
amount of retail space and 
continuing engineering uses. 
Brel also wants to see a 
working railway museum. 

Swindon's economy can be 
seen as a microcosm of the 
British economy. It has had to 
find a wider and more buoy- 
ant economic base to offset its 
dependence on the declining 
railway industry which gave it 

The Swindon Enterprise 
Board, set up by the local 1 
authority, has been very 
successful in attracting growth 
industries to the town such as 
high technology and electron- 
ics companies. 

But the depression in 
America’s so-called Silicon 

Valley on the West Coast is 
taking its toll in Swindon. 
Many companies operating in 
the town are European head- 
quarters of US parents and are 
dependent on the state of the 
micro chip and computer 
industry in California. 

Intel, an American electron- 
ics company, had an option to 
expand on a 30-acre site in 
Swindon but backed out due 
to the state of affairs tack 
home. National Semi- 
conductor, which has its Euro- 
pean headquarters in 
Swindon, is pulling in its 

But while the Americans 
may be reducing their growth 
rate, the Japanese could step 
in to replace them. Honda, the 
Japanese car manufacturer, is 
coming to Swindon and al- 
though details of its plans 
have not been made public, 
Japanese companies which 
supply Honda are already 
showing interest in coming to 
the town. 


Savory Milin are pleased to announce their move to 
new offices in preparation for City deregulation. 

With effect from today, the address will be: 

Savory Milin 
New City Court 
20 St Thomas Street 

Telephone numbers are unchanged: 
Switchboard: (44) 01-638 1232 
Market Making: (44) 01-588 1170/1176 
Telex: 887289. 884287/8, 88384 
Facsimile: (Gp II & III) 01-403 3370/3383 

Offices in 




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Shares sharply lower 

New York (Renter) — Share 
prices opened sharply lower 
yesterday led by futures-re- 
lated selling and investor dis- 
appointment that prone nates 
did not fall after last week's 
discount rate cut, analysts 

The market's mildly over- 
bought position contributed to 
the decline, they added. 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average, which fell 12 points 
shortly after the opening, was 
down a farther 1.50 by mid- 
mormng to U87430. The 
broader New York Stock Ex- 
change composite index whs 
down 0.84 to 14344. 

IBM ted the active shares, 
rising Vi to 138 Vi. 







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ABM Signal 






Am Brands 

Am Can 



Am Express 
Am Home 
Am St'rwtl 
Arnico Steel 
Ashland Ob 
Ai Richfield 
Avon Prods 
Bank erf NY 
Beth Steel 

Bq Warner 
Bnsl Myers 

Burton (nd 
BurTton Ntn 

Can Pacific 
Ce la nose 
Central SW 
Chose Man 

Clark I . _ 
Coca Cota 

Corns. -Si Ed 
Cn Nat Gas 
Cons Power 
Coming CD 
CPC Inti 
Cm Zeller 
Dart 4 Kraft 
Delta Air 
Detroit Ed 
Digital Eq 
Dow Che m 
Dresser bid 
Duke Power 
Eastern A* 
Estm Kodak 
Eaton Cora 

Emerson El 
Exxon Cora 
Fed Dpt Sts 

9 414 









6 % 






12 % 


66 % 












10 % 



















12 % 























32 % 


51 % 



12 % 




86 % 




2 % 












66 % 












10 % 



















12 % 






















* V 

fm Chicago 
FSt im Bngi 

GTE Corp 
Gen Carp 
Gen Electric 
Gen Inst 
Gen MBS 
Gen Motors 
Georgia Pac 







Heinz H-L 






Mand Steel 



mt Paper 


trvtng Bank 

Jhnsn & Jhn 

Kaiser Alum 

Kerr McGee 







Lucky Sirs 




Marine MU 

Mrt Marietta 







Mobil Oil 


Morgan AP. 


ncr Cora 


Nat Med Ent 
Norfolk Sth 
Obi Cora 
Pac Gas 0 
Pan Am 
Penney J.G. 








56 % 





88 * 










68 % 









2 % 



25 % 


2 % 
















10 % 








8 % 








20 % 

88 % 





















12 % 










2 % 





































Phelps Dge 
mdp Mrs 
rasp* Pet 
PPGfnd ■ 


20 % 



88 % 




Sara Lee 



ScaftApar . 



She! Trans 

Sun Comp 
Texas Inst 
Texas Otis 
TRW inc 
UAL me 
Unfever NV 
Un Pac Cor 
UU Brands 
USX Corp 
Jm Waiter 





Xerox Corp 












21 % 






20 % 











20 % 
































20 % 



111 % 








AbWrf n/a 22% 

AlcnAkan n/a 41% 

Algotna SU n/a 13 

CanPacWc n/a 15 

Cominco n/a 12* 

ConBatfnt n/a 23 

Hkr/SdCan n/a 28 

HdsnBMki n/a 27% 

knasco n/a 34% 

Ini — 01 

Steel Co 

ThmsnN'A' n/a 


mu rnram 
WCT n/a 

•life iMUd. clxiSStor iBifl. I UrtB dosed. iN» issue. pSWOsj«irr*kd.»Unsu8M 


Panic could push 
coffee to £3,000 

Ii is nol often that the 
commodity markets are 
moved by announcements af- 
ter anticipating them a week 
in advance. But that is what 
happened in the coffee market 
• last week when Senor Paulo 
Graciano, president of the 
Brazilian Coffee Institute, first 
hinted, then spelled out that 
the Brazilian coffee crop was 
not going to be all it might 

Futures prices started to 
take off on the first notion that 
1 Senor Graciano was about to 
j reveal a pretty shocking set of 
I figures. This he duly did on 
" Thursday, when the Brazilian 
- crop was estimated at only 
' 1 1 .2 million bags of 60 kg — 
well down on the 14.7 million 
bag estimate made in May and 
barely one-third of last year's 

By that lime, November 
prices in London had risen 
more than £200 a tonne to 
£2.050, the highest level for 
three months. The market 
decided that was not enough, 
however, and sent prices up 
another £100 on Friday. New 
York traders followed much 
the same line of thinking 
during the week. 

The curious thing about this 
year's Brazilian crop is that 
the damage was done by a 
drought at the end of last year. 









Citibank Savings! - 


Consolidated Crts 


Continental Trust.. 


Co-operative Bank 

C. Hoare & Co 



Hong Kong & Shanghai „ 
flgyifc Rank 





Royal Bank G\ Scotland „ 



Citibank NA ^ 


1 1 Mortgage Base Rate. | 

which was known to all and 
sundiY in the coffee world 

Indeed, the market soared 
to £3.000 a tonne in January 
before collapsing alarmingly 
by almost 50 per cent over the 
next six months as a number 
of factors combined to reduce 
the importance of the Brazil- 
ian drought European roast- 
ers showed little demand, 
preferring instead to obtain 
their supplies from the mas- 
sive stocks lying in Amster- 
dam and Le Havre, while 
what needs they did have 
could be filled adequately 
from Colombia. 

The trend was reinforced as 
the roasters went off on their 
summer holidays while the 
Brazilian cherries bloomed 
with an almost total absence 
of frost the chilling killer 
responsible for sending prices 
above £4.000 and emptying 
supermarket shelves in 1977. 

What compounded last 
week’s news from Sao Paulo 
was a realization that the 
shortfalls of good quality mild 
coffee from Brazil might not 
be so easily covered as was 
first thought Stocks in Eu- 
rope. while still large, have 
diminished in quality as roast- 
ers have taken the richest 
pickings. Colombian and Cen- 
tral American exporters are 
pretty well sold out and there 
is little to be had among the 
comparable African varieties. 

In short it now appears 
there is not an awfiil lot of 
coffee in Brazil or anywhere 
else. Add to that the commod- 
ity markets' version of 
lngedient X — speculators and 
price chan followers — and the 
result is rapidly-rising prices. 

What happens next depends 
largely on how the roasters 
behave. At present their 
needs are still fairly well 
covered in what is by far the 
slowest time of the year. Come 
the final quarter, however, 
demand will start to pick up 
again. Any sign of panic 
buying by one roaster could 
quickly spread through the 
industry' and prices could 
approach £3,000 again. 

Richard Lander 


Fed’s chief! 
puts Bonn 
and Tokyo 
on spot 

From Maxwell Newton 

New York 

Mr Paid Volcker, the Fed- 
eral Reserve chairman, threw 
down the gauntlet to the West 
Germans and Japanese with 
his detishm to cut the discount 
rate to 5% per cent last 
Wednesday — a decision that 
looked panteky at the time and 
which is expected to be fol- 
lowed by another cut within a 
few weeks. 

The Germans and Japanese 
now face the unpleasant pros- 
pect of farther substantial 

appreciation of their cur- 
rencies against the dollar. 

Mr Volcker has, in effect, 
made it plain that be is 
prepared f« a substantial 
further devaluation of the 
dollar in order to achieve two 
important policy objectives 

(1) A modification of the 
huge US trade deficit, which is 
the biggest deterrent to the 
growth of the domestic US 

(2) Forcing the Germans 
and Japanese to modify their 
domestic fiscal and monetary 
policies towards domestic 
expansion (and higher im- 
ports) in order to protect their 
seriously threatened exports. 
(These exports are threatened 
not only in the US but also in 
third markets, as the defla- 
tionary world impact of an ever 
weaker dollar spreads). 

la order to achieve these 
objectives, Mr Volcker has 
bad to saaifice the policy of 
bolding up the federal foods 
rate at an artificially high level 

— a policy which caused a 
disturbing flattening of the 
yield curve. 

He is prepared to accept a 
significantly easier domestic 
monetary policy, as sym- 
bolized by the decision to allow 
the funds rate to drop. 

Since early June the funds 
rate has fallen 100 basis 
points — the 90-day Treasury- 
bill has fallen 93 basis points 

— the 10 -year note has fallen 
52 basis points and the 30- 
year bond has fallen 50 bams 
points in yield. 

This decision to modify 
materially the artificial 
character of the funds rate 
level has had the effect of 
helping to restore health to the 
US financial system and to 
provide the basis for a further 
good rally in bonds. 

Mr Volcker is also prepared 
for a much larger devaluation 
of die dollar than he woold 
have been prepared to contem- 
plate in May or June (the 
second of the four recent 
discount rate cats came in late 
April). By last Thursday, the 
September yen had reached a 
record of 153 and the Septem- 
ber mark had reached a record 
of 2.04. 



of the property takeover 

Paul Volcker: prepared for a 
farther reduction 

He has plenty of scope for 
an easier monetary policy. The 
0.6 per cent revised real GNP 
growth rate of the second 
quarter shocked the 
‘consensus* thinkers and 
gave the Administration a 
nasty jolt 

Other economic information 
released during the week 
underlined the Hapressfoi of 
weakness and deflation. July 
boasing starts fell 1J8 per cent; 
real wages per honr in July fell 
025 per cent after a revised 0.5 
per cent decline in real earn- 
ings in June; the consumer 
price index for July showed no 
rlwny (malting the total drop 
in coosnmer prices 0.1 per cent 
so far this year); personal 
consumption and spending 
growth in Jaly was only about 
half of the percentage growth 
rate of the last year. 

It is very difficult for Mr 
Volcker or anyone else to 
argue that inflation is a threat 
Hence, it is easier for him to 
justify a domestic monetary 
policy which I imagine will 
soon have the Germans and 
Japanese crying bloody 

This may be the year of the 
bear market for stocks, but 
for the quoted property com- 
panies it is the year of the 
takeover and merger. 

It all began in 1985 when 
Liberty Life, the South Af- 
rican insurance company, 
gained 91 per cent of Capital 
3T Counties, one of the fore- 
most British retail developers 
and a company in which it 
already had a stake. 

That contested £173 mil- 
lion fad was triggered by the 
technicalities of Britain’s 
takeover code, which _ re- 
quired the South African 
company to make a bid once 
its shareholding passed the 
29.9 per cent mark. 

Liberty Life may well be 
looking to dilute its control- 
ling stake, making this an 
exception to the present 
round of takeovers and merg- 
ers in the sector. 

The real flurry of activity 
began early in 1986 when the 
Dutch investment group, 
Robeco — through Rodamco, 
its property arm — made a 
dawn raid on Haslemere 
Estates, the well-liked and 
well-established property 
concern, giving it 24 per cent 
of the company. 

So well known was 
Haslemere for its refurbish- 
ment of old buildings into 
offices that “doing a 
Haslemere” passed into the 
property world’s vocabulary. 

Unfortunately for 
Haslemere, its reputation was 
not enough to save it from the 
Dutch bidder. Rodamco in- 
creased its offer from 60Gp a 
share to 640p, valuing 
Haslemere at £252 million 
after the company defen- 
sively revalued its assets to 
show a net asset value of “at 
least" 728p per share. 

Institutional shareholders 
lost no time in selling to 
Rodamco, doing so while the 
going was good. 

Haslemere’s share price 

and net asset value had 
underperformed other 
significant property com- 
panies before the fad. And 
earnings per share for the 
year to March 31 1985 were 5 
per cent lower than those of 

More was to come. Stock 
Conversion, the established 
property company, became 
vulnerable to a takeover once 
its co-founder, Mr Robert 
Clark, died. His family 
shareholding went to the new 
and aggressive property com- 
pany Stockley. which was a 
thorn in Stoat Conversion's 
side for some time. 

Stockley and Stock 
Conversion could not agree 
on a solution to the problem 
largely because of price. In 
the event. Stock Conversion 
became the subject of a 
hostile £377 million bid from 

Sir Jeffrey Sterling; Stockley succumbed to his coaxing 

the Peninsular and Oriental 
Steam Navigation Co. 

Stock Conversion’s 
management, reluctant to en- 
ter a protracted and bitter 
battle, advised shareholders 
to take the P & O offer after 
Stockley swiftly succumbed 
to Sir Jeffrey Sterling’s 
blandishme nts. 

P & O made a small 
improvement to its cash offer 
for Stock Conversion to 720p 
per share, enough to tempt 
shareholders away. Slock 
Conversion's net asset value 
was later shown to be 770p a 

‘ P & O’s underwriters, how- 
ever, were left with many 
shares as the company's share 
price fell below its cash offer. 

The attractions for P & O 
were obvious. It could use 
highly-rated paper to launch 
its bid for a company with a 

juicy collection of assets 

Institutional investors 
were increasingly looking at 
their property investments in 
the same light as any other 
equities. The argument that 
property was a long-term 
investment was holding less 

with that sentiment creep- 
ing into the market and 
property investment com- 
panies trading at a discount 
to net asset value, the way 
was dear for them to become 
the prey of new trading 
companies with highly-rated 

The agreed £86 million 
merger between David, in the 
shape of Clayform Prop- 
erties, which came to the 
Unlisted Securities Market in 
1985 with net assets of £5.19 
million, and Goliath, in the 
guise of Samuel Properties, 

with net assets of £94.1 
million, reinforced the trend. 

Institutional investors are 
backing the trading com- 
panies, particularly: those in 
specialist areas of the market, 
above the older companies 
which are saddled' with an 
ageing portfolio. 

Mounddgh is the latest of 
the property companies trad- 
ing at a premium to assets to 
agree a takeover, in this case 
with the former chairman of; 
United Real Property Trust, 
Mr Maurice WohL He owns 
51 per cent of the company, 
and eventually agreed to 
Mountlrigh’s £127 million 
offer, valuing United's shares 
at 975pi 

United's last quoted net 
asset value was 744p, but 
Moundeigh estimates that it 
is now l,250p per share, 
making its offer stand at a 28 
per cent discount. - 

The only real defence that 
investment companies have, 
given that the price is right is 
to boost net asset value by 
revaluing the portfolio. 

The acrimonious . fight 
wbch has developed between 
Greycom Group and Prop- 
erty Holding & Investment 
Trust, for whit* it is making 
a £108 million bid, hinges on 
the value of the respective 
portfolios. Both rides accuse 
the other of over-generous 

But, in reality, it is a classic 
battle between an investment 
company with assets and a 
glamour stock with large 
amounts of highly- ratal 

, has a tough battle 

mt its hands over the price it 
is offering the Phit sharehold- 
ers, although some may be 
tempted by the cash offer of 
137p per share. 

Judith Huntley 

Commercial Property 

AE bid 

By Amanda Gee Smyth 

‘ Sir Francis Tombs, chair- 
man of Turner & Newall. has 
hit back at claims that his 
company's £261 million bid 
for AE the engineering group, 
lacks industrial logic. 

The offer, due to close on 
Friday, is likely to be extended 
until September 12. T&N on 
Friday bought another I mil- 
lion AE shares to bring its 
stake to 19.5 per cenL 

AFs second defence docu- 
ment. in what has become a 
fiercely-contested bid battle, 
attacked the industrial logic of 
the bid and expressed doubts 
about T&N’s South African 

Sir Francis Tombs, in an 
interview with The Times. 
said that the fad was a 
complementary and not a 
competitive one. 

The A E range of piston and 
crankshaft products were not 
in direct competition with any 
T&N products, and a merger 
would provide an extended 
and streamlined range. 

Sir Francis claimed that the 
companies did not overlap 
geographically. Although they 
had plants in the same coun- 
tries they did not manufacture 
the same products. 

There was, he said, no 
intention of cutting AFs re- 
search and development, but 
high expenditure was not in 
itself a virtue. 

In reply to AFs claim that 
T&N was still financially 
over-dependent on Southern 
Africa and in particular South 
Africa, he said that the group 
had reduced its interest in its 
South African holding com- 
pany from 78 per cent to 51. 

AFs fears that T&N is not 
being clear on liabilities from 
claims relating to asbestos- 
related diseases were unjusti- 
fied. Sir Francis said. 

T&N has reached an agree- 
ment with American produc- 
ers and insurers to 
handle all forward claims, 
cutting the costs of litigation. 

T&N has also recently re- 
ceived a number of substantial 
payments from insurers who 
had refused to pay damages 
until sued by the company. 

T&N insists that the two 
companies will form a strong 
international Force in the 
motor component industry. 


Domestic and global trends 
justify investor optimism 

Gilts have been trading side- 
ways, significantly underper- 
forming both US and West 
German bonds over the last 
month. This disappointing 
formance has stemmed 
un official caution on Brit- 
ish interest rates, rapid domes- 

tic money supply growth and ; revenues. 

indications are that the budget 
deficit in this financial year is 
likely to remain under reason- 
able restraint This prospect is 
dependent on continued oil 
price firmness, tightly con- 
trolled expenditure and fur- 
ther buoyancy ; in • non-oil 

increased political and cur- 
rency uncertainty in Britain. 

As the rate of inflation has 
fallen in Britain, real gilt yields 
have risen sharply to about 7 
per cent, the highest level 
among leading nations. The 
yield margin over US bonds 
remains stubbornly high, at 
2J> per cent Indeed, m terms 
of absolute value, the gilt- 
edged market hardly reflects 
the drop in the British rate of 
inflation of recent years or a 
reasonably encouraging infla- 
tion outlook. 

In such circumstances, a 
question which both inter- 
national and British investors 
may well ask is: “How best to 
evaluate the gilt market?" In 
trying to answer this question, 
it is helpful lb focus first on 
the domestic scene. A key 
feature here is that nominal 
GDP growth this year is likely 
co be at least 2 percent below 
the level anticipated by the 
Treasury at the time of the 
Budget. Expressed differently, 
both inflation in Britain and 
“real" economic growth are 
likely to continue to under- 
shoot government objectives, 
giving room for - policy 

Scope for increased British 
largesse is also suggested by 
last week’s PSBR figures. The 

Interestingly, the recent 
domestic worries in the gilt; 
market are no longer at the 
forefront of investors' 
thoughts. Above-target broad 
UK money supply growth is 
not just a British, but a world, 
phenomenon and reflects tbe 
continued prevalence of high 
real interest rates. 

The attractive risk-free re- 
turn on cash has increased the 
incentive to remain liquid. 
Rapid growth in British unit 
labour costs is more of a 
problem, but is not a cause for 
extreme concern in a climate 
of low imported inflation. 

Also, the British political 
scene is less of a dampener on 
market sentiment True, the 
possibility of a Labour gov- 
ernment could lead to specu- 
lative selling of the pound in 
the run-ap to the general 
election. However, this could 
be as late as mzd-1988, by 
which time the domestic eco- 
nomic climate and the for- 
tunes of tbe Tories could be 
much improved. 

It has to be emphasized, 
however, that in the short 
term, the main influences on 
gilt prices are likely to arise 
overseas. Indeed, there is a 
danger of taking too narrow 
and insular a view of eco- 
nomic and monetary pros- 

pects in a financial environ- 
ment in which domestic 
worries are likely to be over- 
shadowed by international 
events. In particular, attention 
needs to be paid to three key 
global trends, namely: , 

• Oil prices: Hie prospects 
for the recent Opcc agreement 
bolding art. encouraging and 
this should help sentiment in 
the gilt market Oil prices in 
the next year are likely to 
remain at S 10-516 a barrel 
initially trading in the upper 
end of this range. A firmer oil 
price will help the British 
balance of payments on cur- 
rent account and will reduce 
the Government's funding 

• World Interest Rates: In the 
United States, subdued 
growth (only 0.6 per cent a 
year in the second quarter), 
low inflation and domestic 
and third world financial 
problems will continue to 
encourage a relatively lax 
monetary policy. A further cut 
in the US discount rate to 5 
percent cannot be ruled out in 
the short term. Nominal 
short-term^ interest rates in 
other leading countries could 
be as much as 1 to 2 per cent 
lower by early next year, even 
though real interest rates will 
remain high. Britain is likely 
to play an important part in 
the world move to lower 
interest rates. 

• Currency Trends: The re- 
cent firming in oil prices has 
reduced downward pressure 

on sterling. Britain's balance 
of payments may be heading 
towaids a current account 
deficit next year, but this is 
likely to result more in weak- 
ness against the mark bloc 
currencies and the yen than 
against the- dollar. This 
- prospective British currency 
mix, encompassing- a signifi- 
cant depreciation against our 
biggest competitors without 
fuelling an inflationary run on 
the pound, is not a bearish 
factor for gifts: Sentiment 
towards sterling is still widely 
influenced by the pound's 
performance against the dollar 

- which is expected to be good 

— rather than by its trend 
against the Euro-currencies 
and the yen. 

Whal then, is the overall 
outlook for gilts? Recent eco- 
nomic data remain supportive 
for bond markets generally. In 
Britain, provided tbere is a 
realistic response to the lower 
inflation climate over the next 
round of wage settlements 
(which I expect), the case for 
policy relaxation and lower 
interest rates wilt be strong. 

With domestic funding and 
liquidity pressures less 
demanding than earlier. this 
year, thegm market is likely to 
establish a yield base hearer 
8.5 per cent by early next year 
compared with 9.75 per cent 
today. For sterling ana doliar- 
based investors this move- 
ment will . represent a 
'substantial total return. 

Jeffrey Mizrahi 

The author is a chief econo- 
mist and global strategist at 
(he stockbroker $2n w ory 





A BSQI M tt nmth oal Company 


TODAY — Interims: Ameri- 
can Trust, William Bedford, 
Botswana RST, Cambridge 
Electronic Industries, U 
Dew hirst Holdings, Edin- 
burgh Fund Managers, Emess 
Lighting, Ex- Lands. Gold & 
Base Metal Mines, Hongkong 
& Shanghai Banking. Marley 
(expected on August 27), Ryan 
International, Taylor Wood- 
row, Tenby Industries, 
Wessanen. Finals: CVD Inc, 
Randsworth Trust 

TOMORROW - Interims: 
AMEC. Blue Circle Industries, 
Frost Group, Murray Inter- 
national, Palma Group, 
Parambe. Pearl Assurance, 
President Entertainments, 
Slough Estates, Weir Group. 
Finals: Kennedy Smale. Mur- 
ray Income Trust, Press Tools. 

THURSDAY — Interims: 
Alida Holdings. Aradiffe 
Holdings, TF & JH Braime, 
Britannia Arrow, British 
Petroleum, LM Ericsson. Fed- 
erated Housing. Lad broke 
Group, Lee Refrigeration, Pa- 
cific Assets Trust, Pentland 
Industries. Refuge Group. 
Scottish Investment Trust 
(third quarter). Torchmark 
Corp, United States Deben- 
ture Corp. Wingate Property 
Investments. Finals: none. 

FRIDAY — Interims: Arbulh- 
not Government Securities 
Trust (fourth quarter). Edin- 
burgh Oil & Gas. Gaskdl 
Broadloom. Richards (Leices- 
ter}. finals: Samuel Heath.. 
LDH Group. 


Establishment of 

International Drag and Chemical Safety Evaluation Centre 
Call for Expressions of Interest. . 

Expressions of interest are invited 
from commercial parries with the capacity 
to participate in the establishment and * 
on-going operation of a world class Drug 
and Chemical Safety Evaluation Centre in 

The Victorian Government is 
committed co promoting and accelerating 
the commercial developmentof the 
Stated strong scientific and technological 
research base and, in particular, to build 
on our considerable strength on biotech-, 
nologicai research. The Government has 
launched a major technology programme 
to foster this development. 

As partoftfristechno^^ 
the Government has taken the decision to 
establish a world class facility capable of 
providing a range of safety evaluation and 
toxicology testing services throughout 
Australia, South East Asia and the Pacific 
Basin The Government is prepared 
to contribute equity capital up to AUD 6 
million to assist in the establishment 
of the Centre if. a' viable, proposal can be 
demonstrated ■ 

The existence of the Centre will 
complement n^or initiatives in the areas of 
medicaLpIant, animal andfood technology 



•The capacity to provide or access 
equity capital; 

• The capacity to provide or access 
the range of scientific and commercial 
skills necessary to establish and operate 
an international standard facility 

Preference will be given to parties 
able to demonstrate the capacity to under- 
take significant research and development 
activity in the areas of IN-VITRO . 


A specification for Expression of 
Interest may be obtained front 
Mr. K. A. Frnnin, Agent General for Victoria, 
Victoria House, Melbourne Place, Straind, 
Tel- £36 2656. Tslex 21813 YARRA G Fhs 

Expressions of Interest must reach the Minister for Industry; Technology 
. and Resources, 228 Victoria Parade, East Melbourne, 3002'Australia, no - " ' 
later than 30th September 1986. The Government will then make available ^ 
to selected parties existing material on viabiii ty of the Centre to assist those : 
parties ovthe preparation of-a .detailed plan to establish and operate the centre. • 






olw! trends 



Partner with deep pockets 
comes to Air Call’s aid 

One of the 1 1 founder stocks 
I on the l ■SM. Air Call, an- 
[ nounced a restructuring this 
. week that may prove to be a 
; taste of things to come for 

• small U$M companies which 

• are finding trading conditions 

■ too difficult to flourish. 

■ Air Call is a radio commu- 
nications group. It operates 

< paging systems and is also a 
; distributor of cellular tele- 

• phones for Ratal Vodafone. 
‘ Although the tefocoixununica- 

■ dons market is in a phase of 
very rapid growth, it is diffi- 
cult for small companies to 
compete effectively against 
the muscle of British Tele- 
communications and 

. Mercury. 

In particular, BTs policy m 
: the paging market has caused 
■difficulties for Air ffrti. The 

■ company made pretax profits 
last year of £139,000 on sales 
of £40.1 million, compared 
with a peak of £1-3 million 
profits in 2983. In order to 
maintain market share in the 
next few years, the company 
will have to invest heavily — 
to the detriment of profits and 

The company plans ' a 
restructuring which involves a 
share swap with the -private 
company which owns 58 per 
cent of Air Call, with a cash 
alternative of 225p. After 
this,BelI South, the operating 
company of Bell, will take a 40 
per cent stake in the commu- 
nications business and ft must 
be assumed that its intention 

ty p 

Debbi Fields: confident of meeting S1&5 milikw forecast 
is to use the company to rather than the cash and 

develop its cellular telephone 
operations in Britain. 

lobbying for a retained listing. 
The first news from Mrs 

Air Call has therefore found Fields since its flotation came 
a paruwr with a deep pocket to this week. The US biscuits 
help the company over its company was launched on the 
difficult years. This will limit USM in May with the greatest 
the downside risk and over the marketing hype ever seen on 
medium terra growth pros* the secondary market and 
pects look attractive. The subsequently distinguished it- 
shares would be a buy but for self as one of the greatest flops 
one drawback: there are no as 85 per cent ofthe shares was 
plans to list Air Oil and left wfth the underwriters. The 
Holdings, the private com- problem was felt to be a 
pany buying out Air Call's simple issue of over-pricing 
shareholders. Nonetheless, Mrs Fields, whose president 
shareholders should consider and chief executive is Mrs 
seriously taking the paper Debbi Fields, operates from 

321 scores selling freshly 
baked biscuits. Expansion has 
been very rapid as the group 
started trading only in 1977 
and continues at a breath- 
taking rate. A further 80 stores 
are scheduled 1 to open m the 
second half, including four in 

The figures announced this 
week showed the group made 
$6.4 million for the six 
months to June, an impressive 
88 per cent increase, and the 
group is confident it can meet 
its forecast of $18.5 million. 

Bargain hunters in the stock 
have bun' relatively dis- 
appointed. Despite the under- 
writing stick the shares have 
only dropped- at the bottom to 
a 2 Op discount from the 140p 
placing price and since these 
figures the shares have rallied 
to 13 Op. That' leaves the 
prospective p/e ratio for this 
year looking expensive at 17 
limes. At some point, how- 
ever, the market will look to 
the prospects for next year and 
if the impressive rate of 
growth is maintained, the 
shares mil perform. The tech- 
nical position in the stock will I 
remain difficult until the I40p 
issue price is cleared and it 
may well be another six 

for Norway 
oil ‘never 

From Tony Samstag, Oslo 

The Norwegian Govern- 
ment's intention to modify tax 
proposals, announced last 
week, and feared by oil com- 
panies as malting their opera- 
tions unprofitable, emphas- 
izes Norway's concern over 
the oil market. ; 

Concessionary rales on new 
developments would mean a 
tax of about 60 per cent 
against 85 per cent for those 
already in production, reflect- 
ing a virtual cessation of 
exploration and development 

The latest figures released 
by the Norwegian off-shore ofl 
industry make gloomy read- 
ing. Since the beginning of this 
year, 4,000 jobs in the North 
Sea have been lost as 40 oat of 
more than 90 rigs have been 
taken out of operation. ' 

Managers and trade union 
officials, who seem to have 
found little encouragement in 
the decision by the Organiza- 
tion of Petroleum Exporting 
Countries to co-operate in 
curbing production from the 
beginning of next month, are 
describing the situation as 

Mr Magne Reed of the 



Pressures that threaten 
the virtuous Germans 


Pnca cti fl* Crass p* 
** on <fc YU 
Fnosy «nk pm % 

8.437.000 A A M Gp 
S4TOKW AT* BtkcMn 
7.MO.OO0 ABbsycrast 

4500.000 AbanJeen S« toe 

4560500 Abanfeen SO 
31.0m Acorn Conn 
iza* As cai 215 

6319.000 Atfsprtnfl 104 

3L7to Alta 275 

3541000 Anoka SecwdU U6 

&10D.000 AiX? 104 

MttUlOD AppInrM 153 

2&Aa App HoograpMo 250 

DO wrnfa 205 

243m Aspen Comm* 325 

725m Asptnsl 140 

1004a Aspray SOB 

242X093 ASSOC EMnr 35 

13.4m ASO 188 

&975j0ao Attn Equprm 122 

5930.000 Auonage (0 

5528000 BBS Design 70 

SSfiOjOM BPP 200 

*374.000 BTS Grp 85 

348X000 BkttalTWWttflD 73 

I54*i Bama 5 Faunal 25 
2501400 Benson Cnsps 40 

13.1m Bmketoy IH» W5 

njss&sm sutaioi E*o si 

72.4m BwfcUey Gp 233 

1,732000 fe> kSlM 14 

1,754400 aomodiWHcs 21 

8.400 D00 Opel 42 

WSmsW BlenchanM . 118 

123m flmetwu Toys 218 

720m Bortaod .145 

X565.000 Brewmawr 20 

s.isdxdo bow 100 

7_5S0.rea mat IBS 

19.2m prtmnti Sec - 112 
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sj®s.w« » wno ss 

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9,000 jOOO Bravo (CMffcl ISO 

0026.000 Brmnr foiirali) 260 

• Bn Rmucn 3 

3490000 CCA GaSarlss 75 


— — CMmn 0« . . H5 

3350.000 Osmomcn 65 

273a Cannon BUM to 135 
7B.*m CTM TV 330 


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BjKBOOO CtyWfcm 32 

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12 fin ante Hooper 186 

2.771.000 aooeu QoW 20 

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■ 145m CtMtkd Electrodes B2 

19l 5» Com Emendd 62 

114a Coknfl 124 

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W712.M® Coup ThaxW 155 

3.646.000 Comttott 46 

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4400500 Craotmx* 6a 

5436.000 Cratem** 108 

4526500 Obmo Lodge 00 

5SW400 Crown W . 63 I 

6-120.000 Gratis 60 

4310400 QBE Tact. 46 

man DDT 160 

4^63.000 DJ See Atom 105 4 

102m Dawn 88 

, 1055 owwiiD’n m 

5/mm Doan 3 Boms 02 

zmtfMm Da area (Anars) 25 

113a OaMW 144 

2JH3JW0 Osknar <8 

233m DancOT 136 

3.083.000 Denrnam Bn 75 

3^1000 newer wemn n 

7426.000 DHane 185 

„ 26J« Drack 420 

3£03.000 Dwton 20 

4.033.000 emw *5 

129m emm Bad Opttcs 129 

252BJ00 EcoSic » 

_ 36.7m Eon Fond 245 

2666.0WI EOn Secs 25 

S&Srn BOndga Pop* "A" 374 

_ 10 1m Baaron House 118 

7*1.000 Em one Data P 93 

raan Gnw S 

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Eqmdu 150 I 

21.1m fb 245 

aii4m FKB Gp 228 4 

14.1m FIN Group 150 

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195.0™ Fife (MID 130 

3550000 FMcMr DBreif* 73 

113m nimtii 63 

SUmnogBS 200 

3241.000 Anoka I 
6.100,009 Arwar 

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7.7 7 A . . 
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Francn Coon 
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11.4 5.1 6.1 

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84 53 88 
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Gttun Lyons 78 

Gkbna Man iso 

G*> an Hama <5 

GUM 43 

Godvai VSnw 121 

Goodheod Poor iso 

GouH iLaraance) 107 

Granyta Stalaca 60 

Oman (Ernest) >25 

GfMnwfcti CMka 34 

Gnmnnor Sq 98 

Gtwmay Atenec 180 

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NMU. Euraps 233 

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2.600300 h asm Part ss 

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9J73.000 Hodgson 107 

4331300 Hann Hydronon 125 

Home* Promotion 130 

Howard Gna4> 335 

Huahaa Food 23 

Hunind Bac 09 
Hunnr SspHr 153 

H iaidetf i TBOi 230 

WSTCB 175 

Inmc 17 

kid Scot Envoy 90 

Wnflad 83 

InierawupsTecn 200 

Kraal (Jn L) ZS’r 

JG Penology 340 

Jaqim Vmi 170 

Jeoaanc 9 

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Jonmnonw Penis 120 
Jim Meat E5 

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KtoA-Tnfcift 73 

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287m Mmmypa 146 

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0370000 Moms (VMten) 22 

2470000 Mon AdvanbknJ as 
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193m NMW Comp 200 
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may wen ue anoiner sja iv.j 

months before the problems of ^ “ripple^bct^^m 
the issue are forgotten. employees^ supply boats to 

Tcahp] TTncwnrth ,ocal grocers". Prospects have 
isaoei u ns worm never heea worse ^ be 

The author is a member of the Although the new Labour 
small companies unit at Phil- Government has hinted that it 
lips <£ Drew, the stockbroker. might be receptive to Opec's 

requests for Norway to cut its 
production, there have been 

few indications that any such 

<*ca ct>oe Gran a* gesture is imminent Indeed, i 

■pany Fiicay vS*k panen % p/t last year's average of 730,000 

barrels a day is expected to 
S&rata* ,S ■; 53 34 142 increase this year to between 

S^lSS » *3° “.“jgj 800,000 and 900.000 battels a 
So™™ iv day, bringing the total for 

136 * 4*3 336 24 643 1986 to 40-50 million tonnes. 

The Ministry of Ofl and 
- inw£^^ ^0 . ^ .. . Energy is holding to previous 

•SErRmio »■* m as ws years' predictions of a peak in 

rest* ,f« 33 33163 1991, from fields now on 

US* .S !/,- stream or due for develop- 

yp*» 153 +is 24 TJ9U ment, of about 80 million 

££***'* so - 3 ' IS SS 107 tonnes ofl equivalent (gas as 

SS^im "k •♦C ” ff ,M well as oil), compared to 64 

^ a,* * .♦'* u iiM> million tonnes last year. 

£§»*’ 46 t 2 43* 931X6 Barely a month has passed 

rnn ’S M 13 67 M since the Norwegian 

BB -a 73 IS 143 Shipowners’ Association 

iTwcmwi ss 23 S3 163 warned that half Norway's 

Slots 155 2 o.i ai V ; 1 fleet of offshore ri^ could be 

n ti° II »» out of action by the beginning 

«.<ai ass .. ss 23 22.1 of 1987. It now looks as if the 

9 *i pimo 'S -2 ii 37 »3 total vtill be higher. 

omra Pm 2i +2 .... 28 _ . . 

iS 44 1? llnl Engineering scienusts gave 
nwMc m *42 24 a2i9.i warning that not even the 

mH* in -2 si 36 200 signing last May of the enor- 

M ■ & +5 S3. 16 420 mous Troll/SJeipner contract 

% “ 1S • K ^ could prevent a sharp drop in 

wmwsbc o +i’j i.i 23 183 the level of off-shore activity, 

rwopp comp 23 i 3 SI which would have a severe 

rotoring iS 5 W 33 1 X 1 effect on heavy indushy. By 

“'SSS™* !S +* m H the end of the decade, the 

— «... • is; -2 xi 33KB construction of conventional 

SScte 08 * * :: 17 43 104 oil rigs will have stopped. 

^ A “ A week later. Mrs Gro 

4bt 5T^ iso +2 IS 1322* Harlem Brundiland, the 

« r*k„ Ib Norwegian Prime Minister, 
u « t*. 4 ? t 3 i“t announced that the govern- 

S?““ -* 10210 m ent was preparing the tax 

"a >03 ♦! 2 M> 25 223 measures to stimulate oil and 

Xo°^ S 3 43 73 wl gas prospecting, with particu- 

♦10 2.1 i:iao lar emphasis on the forthcom- 
ing I Ith round of concessions. 

net pm 


Potytech IMP 

Radto Cky 'A* 
Ratio QjfM 
Ram co 06 
RaM rna Crawol 
RUM Mato 
Rote 6 Motel 
RuOtte (fin 

Sangara Phoks 
SapoMa PM 

Scot IMntMik 
Snare Drag Sn. 
StwUon Jonas 
Snanajn Sac 
amnuood comp 
SMMd . 

EBna emte 

Sncter (Vtoam) 
SUnora Food 
Supaaon Brugo 

sw Rammcn 
Spate Ptamkig 
Scuta Tola 
Spactra Amo 



Sto4an MMM 

SMrtna Plib 




85 145 









• .. 


25 55 


• +1 


25 104 



2 A 

14 3X1 






33 10.7 


• .. 


35 125 






• - . 


25 145 



.. XB 
95 1X0 






14 153 




63 35 







S3 1X3 




.. 17.1 



XI .. 




as .. 




33 375 



23 22.1 




14 202 




17 20 



.. 25 







40 11 7 



23 19.1 



2.7 195 




35 205 






05 3X3 




05 93 







15 27 7 





14 275 
14 54 




35 1X1 




35 12.1 




23 125 



33 14.0 



3J 123 



45 104 


• -* 


25 XB 














63 91 



. . a 

.. 25 






45 143 

Sunoteno (ET) 63 

%*tt» Pr Hop 108 
Synapaa Cbmp 190 

T 4 XStoraa 215 

TD6 CnM* 170 

TWO Adxan 113 

T-W AM 157 

Taak Forte no 

Tay Horan 128 

Tatai For Bus IDO 

Tncfl CtFHp 320 

TMaconpuOng 133 

TMSarak* 115 

Thatmax 133 

Ibarai SeteMBe 23i 

TTwrpac 83 

finitajaza) 44 

too (win 1*1 

Toamgiada Sac 36 

Trite Pronoun ISO 

ThaKharaood «5 

Vrfcn TO 

Tyne Taa» A’ 2*0 

LU Ceramic 73 

IMftoxPy 543 

Jkf Packing ICS 

LWw(ftm*f «3 

itewptei 53 

Wayna Karr 60 

Utaar Bactro S3 

Mpac 16 

aj___ -i.i-- tern 

MUwontra Foods 51 

Ww 173 

Mtera Smi Tb 

Sflten (flu) Mflpx 20 

43 XI 179 
1.0 15 74 
X4 X0 128 
.. XO 

28 S3 S3 

19to Ownara Abroad 
S14000 PCT 
H34.00Q Ptear smama 

43 18 258 

XI 65 65 
43 41 123 

Md of LwOiar 


— Yahanon 
6500300 Vert. Moo* 

6. 108.000 YW 6 EtjMjr 
1330300 Do 8% 
1300300 ZWJM Djorntea 

♦I 23b 25 223 

-1 .... 5X2 

-2 43 73199 

. . . . . . 3E-0 

♦10 XI 1.1 233 

-S 43 23233 

29 1.7 73 

■A 24 21 205 

6.4 41 . . 

♦2 XS 25 163 

-M 63 58 180 

-3 1.7 7.7 103 

-IS 43b 1.4 42 1 

♦10 XI 19 127 

-2 23 28 373 

+7 1.4 11 .. 

-2 X6 15 209 

• +5 33 43124' 

•+1 41 98 HO 

47 232X4 
13 42 207 
-9 S3 X7169 

♦10 73 17 213 

• -- 13 23 143 

.. 163 73 XI 

-2 $4 74 123 

♦9 M3 45 .. 

♦10 45 44 XI 

♦1 64 77 63 

-5 19 34TX1 

44 XI 26 63 

-6 S3 XS 114 

-I 0.4 25 119 

m .. 796 93 119 

23k 57 10.1 
42 23 1.7 21.1 


13 XS 1X1 
... 28 03 0X2 

■»6 1.1 17 571 

♦16 79 43 193 

♦1 XS 23195 

•42 X7 63 107 

Industrial nations that are economi- 
cally unsuccessful or out of balance 
tend to outnumber those that get it 

right The strong are the odd men out 
So it is natural to blame them for 
international economic problems. 
The rest of us are normal and doing 
our best Germany and Japan must 
change. Most immediately, it is 
argued, the world economy is slowing 
down because the countries which 
already enjoy the lowest interest rates 
have not cut them even further. 

For years now, the ire of North 
America and Europe has focused on 
Japan. This has had the great advan- 
tage that the citizens of Europe and 
the United States have tittle contact 
with their opposite numbers in Japan. 
Propositions that would plainly be 
preposterous if directed at home can 
be justified by the Japanese being 

Thus, their, success in selling here 
and our failure to sell there must be 
due to unfair practices or cultural 
peculiarity. What would be well- 
planned marketing strategies in our 
hands become targeted trade 
offensives in theiris. High productiv- 
ity and cooperation of labour and 
management become obsession with 
work and slavish devotion to com- 
pany goals. The Japanese save too 
much and should whoop it up on 
credit Their low interest rates stem 
from restrictions on financial mar- 
kets. Low unemployment is at our 

The Americans, in particular, now 
. sense that pressure on Japan cannot 
be raised much further. The yen has 
boomed, the post-election Japanese 
government plans to spend more, and 
reports on Japan's economic future 
have contained suitable confessions of 

The focus of pressure for economic 
policy changes is, therefore, shifting to 
Germany. Foreign exchange markets 
sensed it last week, pushing the mark 
to new highs against sterling and the 
dollar as well as other currencies in the 
European Monetary System. 

No one can guy the Germans as a 
nation of economic fanatics. They are 
the solid citizens of the world econ- 
omy. For a generation, they have 
dwelt in the virtuous circle of low 
inflation, strong currency and rising 
living standards by cautiously follow- 
ing the monetary and fiscal notebooks. 
Propaganda must here give way to 

German recovery over the past 
three years has certainly been sluggish, 
with growth stagge ri ng to 3 per cent in 
1984, then faltering to a drop in 
output in the first quarter of this year. 
Such growth as there has been 
stemmed from exports. And export- 
led growth is becoming much more 

The US market which took an 
average 20 per cent annual increase in 
mark-denominated imports during 
1980-85, is no longer buoyant More- 
over, the 40 per cent rise in the mark 
against the dollar has made German 
exports less competitive, in the 
United States (which accounts for 

around 10 per cent) and third mar- 
kets. The mark has also climbed 
steeply against sterling. Meanwhile, 
oil producers are slashing imports and 
West Germany's Eastern European 
markets have poor prospects. 

Germany must look to internally- 
generated growth. The third most 
powerful free world economy, a prime 
beneficiary of cheaper oil, should also 
do its bit for the world while the 
United States is counting the cost of 
its demand-induced leap forward. 

There is, in addition, a European 
perspective. With its strong trade 
surplus and rich market, it is argued, 
Germany can help stimulate the 
whole Western European market in a 
way that Britain or France cannot 
individually attempt. 

As it is, however, Germany is acting 
as a brake on the rest of the EEC 
through its pivotal role in the Euro- 
pean Monetary System and the 
mark/sterling exchange rate. Yet 
Bonn is stalling on interest rates and is 
running a low budget deficit destined, 
to fall furthernext year. 

The trouble with this argument lies 
in the prescription rather than the 
analysis. The German economy has 
become strong, and pivotal in Europe, 
precisely because it has aimed at 
monetary and fiscal stability to allow 
the economy to grow at the natural 
rate of its productive potential. Under 
Bundesbank control, interest rates 
have been used to provide stable 
money growth, not to stimulate or 
rein back output in the British 
tradition. German interest rates are 
not only presently lower, but have 
been much more stable over a long 
period (even in real terms) than in the 
US or Britain. 

Opinion in Germany is divided, 
with the camp favouring lower in- 
terest rates pointing to continued 
sluggishness for the economy, as in . 
the latest report from the IFO 
Institute in Munich, published yes- 
terday. But the authorities still worry 
that the money supply, growing at an 
annual rate of 7 per cent in the three 
months to July, is expanding too fast 
Meanwhile, Herr Martin Bangemann, 
the Economics Minister, pointing to 
the sharp recovery in the second 
quarter, claims that the economy is on 
course for 3 per cent growth this year, 
thanks to investment and the boost to 
consumption from the twin stimulus 
to living standards from oil prices and 
the exchange rate. 

German growth prospects remain 
unimpressive and unemployment 
high. The main cause, however, is that 
the underlying growth In productive 
potential has slowed to about 2.5 per 
cent The economy has become 
sclerotic. The tax and welfare system 
has become oppressive. Deregulation 
and privatization, strongly supported 
by Herr Bangemann, have made little 
progress. Industrial subsidies are rife. 

Here perhaps, Britain and the 
United States might have something 
to teach the Germans. We had better 
leave macroeconomic management in 
their capable hands. 

Graham Searjeant 

PRODUCTS: The company is 
reporting for the 24 weeks to 
June 13. Pretax loss on ordinary 
activities £299,000 (profit 
£426,000). Sales: UK £7.99 mil- 
lion (£8.63 million) and over- 
seas £351,000 (£332,000). 
Interim dividend halved to 
0.5p. The foil-year payment will 
be considered on the basis of the 
second-half performance. Loss 
per share 3.8p (earnings 4.7p). 

ERN CEMENT: Six months to 
June 30. Pretax profit 
A US$33.22 million (£13.55 mU- 

CORP: Orion Royal Bank Eq- 
uities of C anada has arranged a 
Can$7 million (£3.36 mixtion) 
private placing of common 
shares with a group of inter- 
national financial institutions. | 
Alexis Nihon Investments, the 
investment arm of the Alexis 
Nihon Property Group in Mon- 
treal is now the largest share- 
holder in SDG 

(LONGPORT): Sales for the 
half-year to June 30 £2 million 



1 month 





2 14-1 pram 




52- UXMW 




W- * prom 




iM +ib 78 43 193 lion), against AusS23.45 mil- *5*7 "?°P. , U - 03 PJ - 

’g .a S 3 IS lion- Sales AusSl 35.69 million Jtwttod order books stay at 

2 S 0 . .. ^ (AusSl 18.54 million). Interim ^ P ™* 111 fcvd. * e N ®” 1 

tte «+a 23 13*17 dividend 7 oe^ (5 cent*). The exp«*s an improvement on last 

75 -« ii 25347 company is an associate of Blue yt=sr's resLil«. 

sb 3 .. :: :: Circle Industries. • APPLIED 


Staffing index compand wWi 187S w Uo«n «I71.3 (day’s ronga 71.3-71 -Kk 



_ t Coraptal 

392 la Altana 
107.4B Amor Tnat 
aaan *ng ABW Sac 


222rS eTZaatt 

59801 Bnamgr 
MUa Qocan Japan 
i&ia Deity n 
.2Q0M _ DO C*0 

Pnca CbtoaGraes DM 
tot on *1 VM 
Friday waah pence * P/E 

111 m+B 35 37 218 

778 +12 31 .6 41 372 

131 +1 44 X4 36J 

356 *+14 69 25 5X1 

102 +2 08 08 77.9 

119 *42 39b 33 44.7 

52 .. 18b 0.8 .. 

56 •♦1 l > 3.9 53 324 

-I 07 19*63 

+5 21.7 XI 275 

♦1 33 X5 435 

-1 ns u .. 

154 •♦> 123 83 164 

1125m F 6 C Paodc 212 

xarojna fw cmudm 

100 Ora Rr* Sax A nr 
, - — Rnt Ua Ban 

55 1" wm Amman 533 
aaztn Renan Osw 16B «+6 
J&tei netting Ewerprti a 
>80 On Fleming Fbr tan 
I65n FtanMg FtaSgtag 132 »+2 
113.1m FtatnfciB Japan 735 +11 

2£5ai Ftanaig MertMM 161 +* 

2St5m Ftaittig Owm 151 +7 

5&0n Ftanaig Tach 142 «-1 

8S8tn Ftanim Umraal 131 

804-Sei For SI 

57.7b GT Japan 
SOn General Fonda 160 

SXOib Oenarai Cone 
«9n GtBWM &loefc 132 

GBIin GtaS 117 

tU5n QQtett Matfic i88 

maun Q taiB OParatt 

+12 145 44 325 

m*2 1.6 03 .. 

+8 1.4* 02 .. 

+1 XOD 4.03X2 

+1 09 03 82.0 

+5 47 33 423 

• 44 04 19 5X1 

55 35 44.1 
♦1 23 23 539 

.. 23 1.4 822 

25 25563 
-1 XI 1J3 819 

.. 0.1 13 .. 

46 143 48 303 

-S 67 115 65 

♦10 X2 15 674 

•+8 7.4 45319 

• .. 123 43333 

-3 14 1.1 .. 

m+s 38 3.7 S19 

+10 57 0.6 .. 

+4 58 a* 415 

♦7 39 26 65.8 

•-T S3 23 015 


Gam Strang* 
Oraaton House 

Kray t Sane 
Japan Amu 
KWnuon Ctertar 
Hannon O laas 
Heawon S m i lar 
Law Dabantura 
tea M uhJmb i Sac 
ten Trust 

Minay mam 

Muray M 
M raray Ewes 
Muray VMttn 
New Court 
tow town oi 

NOi a D aw Sa 
tot Sea Atsata 
Mhn Aran 
Padflc AteMS 
■ Do IMnta 

ftiee Ot gaGnaa Dw 
ta oi • W „ 
Frtflty mate ga % PTE 

+12 Si XI S75 
24 07 .. 
• .. 63 2233 9 

64 33 365 
+2S 154 45 29.4 

•-10 83 19 .. 

•44 as 2S 734? 
♦1 65 XI 162 

+ 1 , 0.1 03 .. 

+1 35 35 415 

+2 9 0 39 279 

+5 32 53 169 

>— 1 1.1 17 435 

+2 *1b 63 3&S 

+7 37 1.7 BOB 

+1 7.7*1 69 385 

+5 7.1b 4.4 345 

♦5 33 13 .. 

+2 WDb 26 02.1 
. . 213 XI 28.1 

.. 09 15 63.7 

+4 57 39378 

45 75 1X1. 
-1 1.1 04 .. 

♦2 43 15 039 

♦1 07 25 314 

+12 7.7b 29 1X0 

+Z 49 25 £09 

♦1 19 19 963 

Pnca Ctf go Groes Dw 
tew on ter VM 
Fntey wete penca % 

dividend (same) for the year to company. TapC set up jointly 
March 31. Turnover £5.01 mil- ^ih Transfer Prmt Foils, is on 
lion (£5.14 million). Pretax target w start produenon offoils 
nrnfit €41000 (£ 70.0001 Earn- next Feb. Talks have been 

Argentina austral* _ 

Austrafta dollar 

Bahrain drar 

Brazil oruzsdo * — 


+Z 49 25 609 
+1 19 13953 


*1 05 14 97.4 

♦11 17.1 49 404 

► +2 65b S3 205 

1 .. 124 21279 

♦4 29b M .. 

• .. 23 15035 

+2 1790 69 263 

• .. 34 255U 

+S S3 44 3X1 

♦1 Xtt> 29433 
-1 33 13 9X1 

^.ira SW taaifca n 

2449m sen Eanm 


1297m Sa«ond Atom 

1+5 4Jb 33463 
♦IS 89 29 00 0 
130 1*983 
+3 23 25 007 

♦1 32.1 XI 179 

♦13 1X1 23 567 

+7 72 2*5*3 

♦14 24Jta 35 34.7 

314M Snto Cp* BO 29 25 659 

6537900 Stomal Erara 42 r , . 05 14 . . 

254m TR AuHrmrn 68 >1 33 35 319 

® 1m TR Coy Ot tea DtatiD »+2 63b X7 2X7 

In it tes S Gen 2C2 +6 57 25*33 

B9a TR Natural Ftte 1(1 a.. 63 63 233 

61.4a TR Nortb Antenea 96 .. 25 X7 48.7 

120.7m TH Pacttc Baaia t8* +i 14 06 .. 

794a TR Property 184 +4 87 n 409 

2224m HI Tear 103 29 25 485 

146.1a TR nutate 104 «+4 89 X7 360 

675a Tarapm Bar 153 *44 X10 53 287 

1593a Tboramonon 290 113b 43 3*3 

113a Throa Sacatat Cap 3*0 -10 

7X0m Tram Ocsanc an +4 58 29 sal 

71.7a Trttame 1*0 +4 4 S 2-9 40.1 

ZuSa Trawea toe 06 .. 155 17,6 X1 

1969a L<@ Dabeniura 267 +11 09 32 575 

144a Wang Ftaoama 35 .. 29B 61 17 7 

62.1m WWpoot 63 +0 22 65 4X3 

348-lraMtel 102 ltd 45 45 669 

42.4a Yeoman 345 «+5 1X10 44 355 

9522.1m AmanoH Exprara W. +i^ 

9512900 Argym . 4*>* +!■» 14 XI 299 

WJMBnMBO 20 -1 .. .. 7X« 

mint Manila Airew i*e +i 69 4.1 17.1 

107M> Daty IM £21 ’j m+’i TOO 3L3 1X2 

94.7m Dp A' C19 •+> 709 3-7 13.4 

2164a Sectra 145 +2 53 *.1 338 

324m Eng Trim 155 +35 43 XB IT* 

5315a Expo .227 -2 69 25 145 

iiJta ErouraKB 99 83 34 123 

SSJra ftaffltegnm 740 +70 gj 19 S44 

IXlm Froo <5» 66 +6 64 74 X2 

34,3*. Good* |DIN 1*3 +20 25 1.7 40.1 

T717M Hantesoa Arana 630 t .. 173 22164 

772m CH 168 +5 1X80 77 69 

2169a MAI 380 +10 22* 69 109 

186.7m 14 6 0 2S0 . . XI 24 304 

2155a Uercaate Hoon 274 «+lD 209 7* 52 

62ftn Padflc to Th IM +3 05 04 .. 

Do Wbmnas »■ j .. .. .. 

4S9ra Sradb tow Cam 164 .. 109 0-1 XI 

profit £41,000 (£79.000). Earn- ,«»■ have been 

logs per share 4 2o (8Jlp). completed with the Department 

of Trade and the new company 
• ALEXANDER RUSSELL: ^ received an offer of grants 
The board repents that the totallins £1.4 million which will 

has received an offer of grants 
Tne board reports that the totalling £1.4 million which will 
summer six months have create about 130 jobs over the 1 
started off extremely well and next two years, 
there is no doubt that the •INTERNATIONAL BUSI- I 
summer figures are going to be NESS COMMUNICATIONS: , 
another record- With regard to Terms have been agreed for the 

summer figures are going to be jsiESS COM 
another record- With regard to Terms have 
the second half; ft again hopes purchase of 72 per cent of Agra 
for improved results. . Europe (London) for £466^60 

• AULT & WTBORG GROUP; and the disposal of two off- 
Half-year to June 30. Turnover shoots of RTD (a subsidiary). 
£36.79 million (£36.91 million). Agra provides, a weekly news 
Pretax profit £406,000 and information service on 
(£332,000). Earnings per stock European food end agriculture, 
unit 0.84p (0.4 1 p). BBC is to sell Berkshire Electro- 

— 1458 1-1. 4636 

— 24629-2.4675 
„ 03625-05685 


__ 0.7298-0.737B 

RntanOmarlts 7^125-75525 Sweeten 

Greaca droenma 19980-20150 Norway — — 

Hong Kong dt#ar 11.6710-11 . 6782 Danmark 

India mpae 1X65-1885 West Germany 

Iraq dinar ... n/a Switzerland 

Kuwait dmar KD 0.4340-04380 Nainenands 

Malaysia ootor 38918-38975 Franca 

Mexico Paso 1020.00-1070.00 Japan 

New Zealand doBar 3.0593-3.0740 imfy 

Saudi Arabia riya) 58010-5 6*10 BalgluiTfiComni) 

Singapora doflar 38HT-3J15S Hong Kong - 

South Africa rand 38806-3.9036 Portugrt- 

U A E dirham 5.4676-5.4736 Spain 

Uoydfl Bark Austria 

Ruw tatppttoil By Bcrctays Bank HOFEX and ExM. 











1.6445-1 6*55 





42 19-4286 



13385-133 45 

— 1486-1488 







W9st Germany . 

Switzerland — 



BelgUim(CommJ . 

Hong Kong 

Portugal — 

Spain — 






IBC is to sell Berkshire Electro- 
Depositors and Stevenore Plat- 

Year to June 30. Total dividend ing to Dartsystem, which is 
195 cents (170 cents). Pretax controlled by Mr VK Burley. As 
income R79.8 1 million (£20.57 Dartsystem, is owned by a 
million), against R69.07 mil- director of IBC, the disposals are 
lion, before tax credit of subject to the approval oi 
R437.000 (Charge R3.75 mfl- shareholders. 
lionjL Surplus on realization of * EKSKINE HOUSE: The Re- 
investments, after tax, R13.28 quisition _ of Pennine 

millio n (R1.73 million); writ- R epo rgrapbics (South York- 
wn-off investments R2.99 mil- shire) has been completed for a 
lion (R7.J2 million). Income maximum of £600,000 cash, 
attributable to Genbel R90.09 provided net profit before tax 
million (R59.18 million). for 1986 exceeds £160,000. 

million); writ- R epo rgrapbics (South 

rots R2.99 mil- shire) has been complete^ 
illinn). inmwA maximum of £600,000 

Aramco confirms possible curb on Saudi oil 

The Arabian American Ofl 
Company has told its cus- 
tomers in Saudi Arabia fiat it 
confirms its plans to give its 
clients less oil than they 
request for September if the 
total ofthe requests exceeds its 
planned export level 
It has done so in a message 
to customers, quoted by fhe- 
Middle East Economic 

Anunco asked customers 

for crude oil to review their 
September nominations in the 
light of a Saudi decision to 
stop giving discounts for big 
liftings of crude ofl. 

Saudi Arabia has agreed to 

the government of Saadi Ara- 
bia to notify you that the 
incentive discounts pre- 
viously notified to yon on a 
month-to-month basis will 
not be applicable to liftings 

reduce its production to 4.353 during September, 1986. 
million barrels a day m • You are requested to review 

September and October, its 
1984 quota level, as part of a 
plan by Opec to boost prioaL 
Aramco is quoted assaying; 
• We have been requested by 

your September nominations 
already accepted by us, and 
either confirm that your 
nominations are unchanged or 
advise of any changes in 

requirements for September. 
Such confirmation/changes 
must reach Arabian American * 
Ofl Company no later than the 
dose of your business day on 
August 25. 

• If the total 
confirmed/changed nomina- 
tions exceed Saudi Arabia's 
planned export production, 
off-taker? wfifl be advised of 
the required reduction in their 
liftings for the month. 

French state chiefs go 

Paris (AP-Dow Jones) — 13 corporate heads were re- 

Paris (AP-Dow Jones) — 

The chief executives of 40 lamed and 12 were replaced 
banks a nd insurance com- ~ , . 

.patties scheduled for . The corporations revolved 
-r. Mwtut included nine industrial 

^ istra-5 

“•rSuSafim round of Su « fonr iMurM “ 

nominations on Saturday, ^repumes. 

involving 25 heads of state- The next round will involve 

. . - ■ j flirt i i t* i e.._ 


Clearing Banks 10 
Finance House 10 

Discount Market Loam % 

Ovomighi High: I05t Low 7 


TraasuY BJBs pscounf %) 

9*i* ftroS 9'» 

~3mmti9K Smnth^iA 

Prime Bank BtO* (Discount %) 
lmnft 2mmh 

3mmt1 S'ib- 054 6rnmh 9>,o-9'io 

Trade BJSs pscoum%) 

1 mrah 10'ia 2 mirth 10K 

8mmh 10'is 6 mirth 9^4 


Owagirt: open 1DK cto» 9K 

1 week lOM-iOVt 6 mirth 9fc-9* 

fiwith lO-S^w .9 moth 9<>i»^iia 
3mmh9 ls »^Ow 12imh 9"ie«Sia 

Local Authoitty DapotK* (%J 

2 days 10 7day» 10 

1 mntft 9» Simrth 9K 

■6mnlh 9% 12 irth 9Si 


7 days 6-5 °ro 

caD 6«-5« 
1 irntfi 5»»- u i* 

3mirth 5*i*5 l3 n Smnth 5«i*- ,s ia 

7 days 4»i*47 1« 
Smith 4H-4V5 
French Franc 
7 days Tfi-TA 
3mrflh 7V7 *m 
Swiss Franc 
7 days 10K-10K 
3 mirth *V4« 

7 days PtoS'u 
3mnth 4K-4K 

cafl 5-4 

1 mirth 410-4% 

6 mirth 4 , w-4 i ia 
can 7 y,-6fc 

1 mirth 714-7*18 
Bmmh 7” .4-7% 
cafl 2K-1K 

1 mnth 41MK 
Bmmh 4«r4! i 
can 5te-«'A 

1 mnth S'le-fi^n 
6 mntft 4 ll i»dPif 




Local AutoriWB 
imnth lOK-lo 
3 mirth 10K-BH 
9 mnth 1U«t 

owned industrial, bonking mid 
insurance concent, in which 

30 banJksJ’uribas and Suez; 
and 12 insurance companies. 

1 mnth 100* 

6 mnth 9*i»-0'u 

imnth 580585 
6 mnth 5.80-5,75 

2mrth 10*0* 
6 mnth 10-9* 
12mlh 9K-9* 

3 mirth 9*-9* 

12 mm 9»>370«n 

3 mnth 585-580 
IZnrth 595-580 

Applets: ES328M 

Last week: S978W6. 
Anna rata: £98347% 
Next week: C100M 

received: 58% 
Iasi wk £98436% 
replace £100M 

Ptaod Rata Starting Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference rata for 
inieraal perio« July 7. 1986 to 
Auos 5. 1986 hdudvx- 10.009 per 



-THCTreira! UONTliV ATirjITCT W IO££ 




daily pnze money stated. If you are a 
winner follow the daim procedure on lire 
back of your card- You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 

Capitalization and week’s change 

(Cuirent market price multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the stock quoted) 

ACCOUNT DAYS; Dealings began August 1 1. Dealings end August 29. §Contango day September 1. Settlement day September 8. 

§ Forward bar gains are permitted on two previous business days. 



£ 12,000 

Claims required for 
+56 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

No. Coapuy 

Group test 





Industrials S-Z 


SA Breuenes 



Charter Cons 


McAlpine (Alfred) 


Metal daunts 


Robertson Res 



Wnurn Bros 

Halstead (Jama) 

Bamit Devs 



Industrials L-R 





Bui I ding. Roads 



Industrials L-R 



Drapery .Stores 

Building. Roads 


Goldberg <A) 

Drapery Stores 




Wimpey ( 

Banro Ind 

Industrials A-D 

Banks. Discount 

E lEgM— 

Drapery -Siores 

Building. Roads 


Wulvrhmpin & D I Breweries 

Rjiiwmc Sims I Industrials L-R 

Building. Roads 

IBS.fai ftu w OMi 338 +18 1U AS 11 9 

TOhSuS 65 -8 15 Of 14£ 

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932.0* Kaa* C f fetf m +10 1*3 A* 90 

sSrcSw m 112 19 122 

1 in7n Snnaoan 709 SB 484 S3 03 

' 820m Union 883 a+20 520 80 880 

1079.2m IMK IM E7+% + 1 * 

aSSwiir 27S •-£ » 21134 






' -15 














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Weekly- Dividend 




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53 7.8 
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37 1A1 

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32 24 212 
18 b. 02 174 
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3X8* Angke TV"*' 
1702000 Grampian 

45.0- HTV N/V 
53.7— LWT MdQI 

33.9m Sox TV’A 
789m TVS N/V 
9721.000 TSW 
113.7m Th*n« TV 
462m .. 

1X7* Wdkar (CAW] 

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220 +2 114 82 ICLtl 

373 +15 212 57 159 

318 .. 110 47 100 

223 r +5 MJUl 84 119 

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231 *+5 1X1 52 110 

CO'i -2 1.1 10 254 



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49 .. 

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1.8512m Commamanlc 


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3953000 Cmai 46 

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1111* FW l*n 355 

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210* ORA 50 420 

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589* HoftonVnMl 120 .42 ■ 52 52 57 

57.8* M Ldtum 112 *-2 7.1 33 104 

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2320m Pleasure™ 323 a+2 11.1 941X3 

40.4m ReMly UmM 388 -2 111 44111 

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388 -2 111 44 111 

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41 7m Kennedy Broom* 235 +1 24 

8223m UlbiMl 348 -2 131 

26-ttn LOn P*h KoM* 520 . . 142 

2028m Mount Oariaua 83 81-0 XI 

10.8m Prtl*» Ol W HOMS B0 • . . XI 
1422m Ow«is MOM 78'? +4'? X7b 

1019m Sroy Ho** 'A* 36a ..59 

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220.7— GMMCM* 226 

17.1m M* ( I — 4) 72 

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16 . 1 m Jacob* |jn 70 

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119m Rumanian (WM 133 
436m TfcAoofc 315 

1065000 TkartM Scott 370 


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39 40172 
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■■ .1 




You are adwd oorto compJcte tfaU appfoation form until yon haveread tin 
8rotewnc8 other than those contained in the littmg 1 

Particulars. It is 0 I 1 £ of the terms and conditions of the offer for sale that in making an application you are not relying on any information or representation in relation to the Company or any of its 
n. n you are in any doubt about what to do, you aft strongly recommended to consult your bank manager, stockbroker, accountant, solicitor or other professional adviser. 


(Registered in England No. 1542206) 



Baring Brothers 8sCo., Limited 

of 8,227,923 Ordinary shares of 25p each at 125p per share payable in full on application 

Copies of the offer for sale document, ontbe terms of which alone appEcations will be 
considered, are available from all officesof -The Stock Exchange and mum — 

Baring Brothers &. Co-, limited, Cazenove & Co., 

8 Bisbopsgate, l2TokenhauseYard, 

London EC2N 4AE 1 • London EC2R 7 AN 

the offices of the Group? — 

Leeds Hull Lincoln _ Sheffield 

The Television Regem House, SSBailgare, 23 Gharics 

Centre, Ferensway, Lincoln, LNf 3AR Sheffield SI 

Leeds LS3 1JS Kingston Upon Hull 

HUT3PH •••• :••/- : -*■- : 

Gronsiy . London t •. • Rigan Manchester ; . 

8 Bull Ring Lane, ■ ' .Television House, 1 Queens Street, Brazcnn ose House, 

.Grimsby, Bedford Row, Ripon HG4 1EG Brazcnn ose Street, 

South Humberside, . London Manchester M2 5BF 

PN31 1DY WCliUHE ■ . ' - ' 

and the folio wing offices of National Westminster Bank PLC; — 

1 4H5 

New Issues' 

2 Princes Street, 

Badey Boston 

.381- Bradford Road, 10 Market Place, 

Barley, Boston, 

West Yorkshire Lines. 

1st Floor, 
l Market Street, 
Bradford, . 
West Yorkshire 


2 Northgate, 

West Yorkshire 


12 High Street, 

Sooth Yorkshire 


26 St Peter’s Hill, 


Halifax Harrogate ' 

1 Waterhouse Street, 3 Cambridge 
Halifax, Crescent, 

West Yorkshire ' Harrogate, 

North Yorkshire 


8 Marketplace, 



63 North Street, 


West Yorkshire 

Xing’s Lynn 
King’s Lynn, 


8 Park Row, 

• Marketplace; 


.89 A Queen Street, 

Leeds - 


2 Leeds Raid, 


• 1 

• ■ 


20 Marketplace, 

North Yorkshire 


39 Market Place, 

North Yorkshire 

. Rotherham 
.38 Corporation 



119 High Street, 

South Humberside 


42 High Street, 






56 Westgate, 


79 Baxtergate, 


S£$ 1*1 

West Yorkshire 

North Yorkshire 


26 Market HH1, 


South Yorkshire 

Bridlington Brigg Chesterfield 

2 King Street, 14 Market Place, 5 Maiitet Place, 

Bridlington, Brigg, Chesterfield, 

North Humberside South Humberside Derbyshire 


66 Victoria Street, 

Sooth Humberside 


19 Silver Street, 


225 High Street, 


1 Market Place, ’ 

Nottinghamshire . 
38 St Nicholas Street, 

Sutton -bi-Asbfidd 
Portland Square, 


14 Coney Street; 



Insert in Box 1 On figures) the number of Ordinary shares for which you are 


Applications must be for a minimum of 200 Ordinary shares or in one of the 
following multiples: 

for 200 snares to not more than 1,000 shares; in a multiple of 100 shares, 
for more dun 1,000 shares, bat not more than 5,000 shares, in a multiple 
of 500 shares. - ' 

for more than 5,000 shares, hut not more dun 20,000 shares, in a 
multiple of 1,000 shares. 

for more than 20,000 shares, but not more than 50,000 shares, in a 
multiple of 5,000 shares. 

for more than 50,000 shares; in a multiple of 10, 000 shares. 

Insert in Box 2 (ht figures) the amount of yratr cheque or banker's draft, which is 
125p multiplied by the number of Ordinary shares for which yon are applying. 

and/or on 
the powers) 

A corporation should sign under the hand of a duly authorised i 
representative capacity must be stated. 

Insert yocurfuB name and addresxin BLOCK CAPITALS in Bo*4. (See note6for 
other joint applicants)). 

You must pin a “single cheque or banker’s draft to your completed application 
form. Yonr cheque or banker’s draft most be made payable to “National 
Westminster Bank PLC** for the amount payable on application inserted in Bos 2 
and should be crossed “Not Negotiable- YorkshireTV”. 

No receipr will be issued for this payment, which must be solely for dus 


Your cheque or banker’s draft must be drawn in sterling on an account at a 
branch (which must be in the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands or die Isle 
of Man) of a honk which is enter a member of the London or Scottish Clearing 
Houses or which has arranged -for its cheques and banker’s drafts to be 
presented for payment through the clearing facilities provided for die members 
of those Clearing Houses. 

Application may be accompanied by a cheque drawn _ by someone other than 
the applicants) but any moneys to be returned will be returned without 
interest by sending to the first-named applicant the cheque or banker’s draft 
accompanying the application or a crossed cheque in favour of the persons) 
named in Box(es) 4 (and 6) . ' ' • 

You may apply jointly with ocher persons. 

You roust fen arrange for the application form do be completed by or on behalf 
of each joint applicant (up to a maximum of three other persons). Their foil 
name(s) and addresses) should be inserted in BLOCK CAPITALS in Box 6. 
Letters of Acceptance will be sent to-rhe person named in Box 4. 

Box 7 must be signed By or on behalf of iach joint appBcafit (other than tbc first 
applicant who should complete Box 4 and sign in Box 3). 

if anyone is signing on behalf of any. joint applicant^) die powers) of attorney 
(or a duly cerrifssicopy) must be enclosed for inspection. 

You must send the coniptatd application form by post, or deliver h by hand, to 
National Westminster Bank PLC at New Issues Department, P.O.Box No. 79, 
2 Princes Street, London EC2P 2BD, or defiver it by hand only to National 
Westminster Bank PLC, 8Park Row, Leeds, so as to be rccervedm both eases by 
Wwtu on 29 August 1986. . 

If you pose your application form, you are reco m mended to use first class post 
ana allow at least two days for delivery. 

j ""J | Box 7 mu 

1 * J If anyone 










The contract created by the acceptance of applications in the manna haem snout will 
be conditional upon me whole of the Ordinary share capital of Yorkshire Television 
Holdings pic (me “Company 1 ') in issue being admitted to the Official List of the 
Stock Exchange and such admission becoming effective in accordance with Stock 
Exchange rules not later dun 16 September 1986. Such contract is also conditional 
upon the agreement dated 22 August 1986 between the Company (1) Bass PLC, 
W. H. Smith Be Son T.imwKd, PL Publishing Limited and Yorkshire Post Newspapers 
Limited (the “Vendors”) (2) die directors of the Company (3) and Baring Brothers & 
Co., Limited .("Barings*) (4) (the “Offer for Sale Agreement") not bring terminated 
in accordance with his terms, if either of these conditions is not satisfied application 
monies will be returned (without interest) and, in the meantime, will be retained by 
the receiving bank in a. separate account. 

Barings reserves the right to inject in whole or in part .or to scale down any applicarion 
and, in particular, multiple or suspected multiple applications arid to present for 
payment any cheques or banker’s drafts received. No application^) will oe accepted 
from any applicant to the extent tizat as 2 result any person wid be, or is considered by 
Barings to be, interested (within the meaning of the articles of association of the 

I of the 

.. .... . _ ... . I down, the 

application moneys or, as the case may be, the balance thereof wiU be returned 
(without interest) by returning the applicants) cheque or banker’s draft or by crossed 
cheque in favour of the applicants) through the post. 

By completing and delivering an application form, you (as the applicants)) : — 
p) offer to purchase the number of Ordinary shares specified in your application 
form (or any smaller number for which the application is accepted) at the offer 
for sale price subject to die Listing Particulars relating to the Company dated 



; price subjec 
22 August 1986 (the 
memorandum and articles 

Listing Particulars relating to the Company dated 
Paroadars"), these terms and conditions and the 
issoriatkm of tl 

the Company; 
bank to send on behalf of Barings a letter of 

accepted pursuant to the arrangements agreed between Barings and the Company. 

AD documents and cheques sent by post will be at the risk of the personal entitled 

No person receiving a copv of the Listing Particulars, or an application form, in any 
territory other chan the UK may treat the same as constituting an invitation or offer to 
him, nor should he in any event use such form unless, in the relevant territory, such an 
invitation or oBct could lawfully be made to him or such form could lawfully be used 
without contravention of any registration or other legal require m ents. Any person 
outside the UK wishing to make ah application hereunder must satisfy bhnselr as to 
foil observance of the laws of any relevant territory in connection therewith, including 
obtaining any requisite governmental or other consents, observing any other requisite 
formalities, and paving any issue, transfer or other taxes due in such territory. 

The dates and times referred to in these terms and conditions mav be altered by 
Barings so as to be consistent with the Offer for Sale Agreement (as the same may be 
titered from time to time in accordance with its terms). 

Selling commissions of 0.375 per cent, (plus VAT if applicable) will be payable by the 
Company to Eligible Persons (as defined below) on any applications, to the extent 
'fered Ordinar 
(other than' p 

pensioners) bearing their stamps and their VAT recur ... .. 

submitted by them. In the eaa» of joint applicants, all must hare addresses within the 
Yorkshire Region- By stamping the application form. Eligible Persons undertake that 
to the best of their knowledge and belief, the applicants) is/are resident in the 
Yorkshire Region (as shown in the map in section 5 of the Listing Particulars) and 
has/ have made only one public application. 

“Eligible Persons” are stockbrokers, licensed dealers, numbers of FIMBRA, 
members of Cheque and Credit Clearing Company Limited, members of the 
Ctnmmttee of London Sc Scottish Banks and their retail banking subsidiaries, 
members of the Committee of Scottish Clearing Bankers and their retail bulking 
subsidiaries, recognised hanks and licensed deposit takers (in each ease within die 
meaning of the Banking Act 1979), solicitors members of the Institute of Chartered 
Accountants, members of The Chartered Association of Certified Accountants, 
insurance broken registered pursuant to the Insurance Broken (Registration) Act 
1977 rad members of the British Insurance Brokers’ Association, m each case in the 
UK, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. 

Those claiming commissions on any applications, to the extent accepted, for the 
offered Ordinary shares from applicants with addresses is the Yorkshire Region must 

not prior to 
c of the offer for sale 

to any person other than by means at tne procedures ret erred to in the listing 
Particulars, your application may not be revoked until after 16 September 1986 
and that this paragraph constitutes a collateral con tract between you and Barings 
which will become binding upon despatch by post to or, ^-despatched otherwise 
- than by post, receipt by me receiving- bank of your application form; 
agree that Ordinary dumfor which your application is accepted shall be sold to 
yon by die Vendors severally in the proportions that die respective numbers of 
Ordinary shares offered for sale on their behalf bear to each other; 

(v) agree ifottyourrenunance may be presented for payment on receiptand warrant 
that it wfiTbe honoured on first presentation; 

(«i) agree that any lener of acceptance and any money returnable to you maybe 
retained by the receiving bank, pending clearance of yonr remittance; 


lications, acceptances of applications and contracts resulting 
fer the offer for sale will be governed by and construed in 
accordance -with EngSsh law; 

(v£) warrant that, if you sign the application form on behalf of somebody else or on 
behalf of a corporation, you Hare due authority to do so; and 
(ix) confirm that in making such application you are not rdying on any information 
or representation foundation nwhe^Company or to any of its snbcidiaricsotber 

• pare 

be payable. The Company 

_ the right to audit any < 

cher reserves the right not to pay commissions to any 

Eligible Person who fails to satisfy the autfitore as to compliance with the foregoing. 
No commission will be payable to any Eligible Person who would otherwise be 
entitled to a payment of less'than £5. 


The application list will open at 10.00 a-m. on Friday 29 August 1986 and will close as soon 
thereafter as Barings may determine. The basis on which applications have been accepted will 
be announced as soon as possible after the application list doses. It is expected that letters of 
! wiD be posted to successful applicant* on Thursday 4 September 1986 and that 
'shares will commence on Friday 5 September 1986. 

Arrangements hare been made for registration of all the Ordinary shares now offered for sale, 
free, of stamp duty and registration fees, in the names of purchasers or perrons in whose 
favour letters of acceptance are duly renounced provided that, in cues of renunciation, letters 
of acceptance (duly completed in accordance with the instructions contained therein) are 
lodged Tor registration bv 3.00 p.m. on Friday 10 October 1986. Share c e rti ficates will be 
despatched on or before Friday 7 November 1986. 

Up to a total of 822,792 Ordinary shares wiD, in the first instance, be made available to meet 

«■ « — 1 of the Group a _J — — s ~ _L_ 

Scheme who ate 

from no 

Yorkshire Television 
the forms available ra them. 

of the Group and persons receiving a pennon under the 
el igi ble to make preferential applications on 



HO in this section only when there is more than one applicant. The first or 
sole applicant should complete Box 4 and sign in Box 3. Insert in Box 6 the 
names and addresses of the second and subsequent applicants, each of whose 
s i gna tu res, is required in Bos 7,. 



To: Baring Brother* Sc Co., T . fmirrd 

each in Yorkshire Television Holdings pic at 125p per share, payable in foil on 

I/Ve offer to purchase from ribe Vendors named in the Listing Particulars dated 22 
August 1986 ("Luting Particulars”) 


Ordinary chares 

in Yorkshire Television Holdings pic (or any smaller number of shares for which this 
application is accepted) at 125p per share ou the terms and subject t» the conditions set 
out in those Listing Particulars 

rad I/we a tta ch a cheque or banker’s draft, for the amount payable (made out to 
“National Westminster Bank PLC” and crossed “Not Negotiable - Yo 


■ Yorkshire TV”, 



August 1986 





- • 






















I/We confirm that I/we are Eligible Persons 
as defined in section 20 of the Listing 
Particulars and that to the best of my/our 
knowledge and belief the above mentioned 
applicants) is/ are resident in the Yorkshire 
Region as shown in the map in section 5 of 
the Lilting Particulars and has/have made 
only one pubbe application. 
















. Shares allocated 

Commission payable 

Acceptance No. 






Softcare is a newly established subsidiary of a suc- 
cessful group of companies, specialising in hardware and software 
maintenance, support and consultancy and was set up to offer high 
level support, on bespoke and packaged micro products, to large cor- 
porate users. 

A number of exciting opportunities exist for support 
analysts of varying levels, ranging from Junior Analyst to Senior Man- 
ager. A range of skills is required from telephone support, customer 
liaison and new product evaluation. A vacancy also exists for a WP 

Successful candidates will become part of a high 
powered team working out of a City office, liaising with corporate micro 
users, software vendors and Software Houses. 

Remuneration packages range from £6,500 to 
£18,000 + Car and bonuses. 

If you would like the opportunity to be part of a fast 
growing professional organisation, working with the latest technology 
please send a full C.V. to 

Grant Thompson 

Oakley Softcare Ltd, 

279 City Road, 

London EC1V 1LA 




to work on various aspects of a large CAD system. A good degree in computer 
science, or in a scientific subject with computing experience will enable you to fit 
into a lively young development team working with the latest equipment 

Because of the advanced nature of the work career opportunities exists in all 
aspects of scientific and general purpose programming. Recent graduates are 
encouraged to apply and successful applicants will be responsible for the detailed 
design, implementation and testing of parts of the system. 

Salary: £8*12,000 + benefits 

Please send your letter of application, together with a Curriculum Vitae to: 

Mrs M J Morris 
Parker’s House 
46 Regent Street 
Cambridge CB2 1DB 







162 . 6 - 61,0 



1404-C1 « 


1480-87 Y' 

1506-05 . 


1536-35 <?^ 

1557-55 A' 

Offictt Timer ' 
Pries inEpr • 

rr ap 




(BASIC - POINT - 4) 

TO £16000 

v* 34^ uiY IO £J6UUU 

nSS — — To maintain their progress in developing sophisticated on-line 

A commodity information systems, in the M.I.S. Department of 

M«y this established international commodity company wish to recruit 

vS ~ — ambitious Analyst/Programmers. Interested applicants should be 
soYABE<-y self motivated individuals, who have a proven ability to communicate 

oct and work under pressure to timescales. Developments, centred on 

f 5S Point Four equipment icompatible to Data General Minis), include financial 

and trading related applications in which communications and networking 
with a substantial P.G base will play an increasingly important role. Candidates 
should have upwards of two years Basic programming skills obtained in a busy 
multi user mini environment. Ref. TR 14590 


TOT 24 hrs 01-439 8302 
01-437 5994 

Evenings & Weekends 01-354 0896 & 0252 27703 

...for a key DP role 

fild.GOO-filS.OOO Hayes, Middlesex 

Computervision. a multi national corporation, is firmly established as a 
world-leader in the design and manufacture of advanced computer 
graphics technology. 

Sophisticated DP systems play a vital part tn the effective running of a 
fast-moving business such as ours, and to strengthen our capabilities In this 
important area still further, we now wish to appoint a Programming 
Manager within our European Support Centre at Hayes. Middlesex. 

You will lead a small team of analyst/programmers involved in the 
design, development and support of a brood range of business systems for 
use in both the UK and our offices in Europe. Responsibilities will cover user 
training, hardware optimisation, software standards and quality control. 
Occasional European travel will be required. 

Vbu should be a numerate graduate with a proven record of 
achievement as either a systems manager or a consultant within a user/ 
bureaux environment. You will have programming and systems design 
experience on screen-based systems — preferably on minis or micros (ideally 
Datapoint) — which should include the establishment and maintenance of 
software standards. 

To meet the needs of this demanding rde. you must also have 
supervisory experience and be able to demonstrate success in systems 
design and implementation in one or more of the following applications areas: 

• finance • Contract Control 

• Customer Services • Planning 

• Customer Response Centres • Word Processing 

Starting salary, in the range indicated, will be backed by an excellent 
benefits package including pension scheme, free BUBA and life assurance, 
and relocation assistance if appropriate. 

£ Please write with full details, or telephone for an 
£ application form, to: Stephen Cronin. Personnel 
SfUpBfc £ Manager. Computervision Productivity Centre Limited. 

f 1040 Uxbridge Road. Hayes. Middlesex. Tel: 01-561 2626. 


Edited by 
Matthew May 



Saboteurs threaten havoc - jri 

The press repons Iasi week that a major 
bank was the subject of computer fraud 
focussed attention once more on com- 
puter hackers. The bank — Barclays — 
denied that the loss, reported to have 
been nearly half a million pounds, was 
the result of any form of computer 

But the denial did little to allay the 
fears of those who believe that the 
computer installations of financial in- 
stitutions around the world are becom- 
ing increasingly vulnerable to attack 
from computer professionals and ama- 
teurs alike. 

The spread of computers at home and 
in the office has aggravated the situation, 
as has the sfoppiness of some computer 
management. Many computer experts 
who have studied security claim that the 
banks and financial institutions could be 
losing as much as £50m a year from 
computer-related fraud. 

No one wiU confirm the figures or 
quantify the losses, but fears of publicity 
have prevented many cases getting to 
court - particularly the ones that involve 
employees — despite the encouragement 
given to the companies by the police. 

The reports of last week came in the 
wake of a disclosure — only a few days 
before — that few British companies 
appreciate what damage computer sabo- 
teurs can do. The companies had too 
little appreciation that much of their 
business depended on the efficient 
operation of their computer systems. 

Substantial damage to such systems 
could cripple a business in a matter of 
days. . , . 

Few companies were properly insured 
for the damag e which might result from 
such illegal acts. David Davies, a 
director of risk management at insurance 
brokets Hogg Robinson, who assesses 
the security risks of computer systems, 
maintains that many companies might 
never recover from an attack on their 
computer systems. 

That view was endorsed by computer 
security expert Dr Ken Wong from 
consultants BIS Applied Systems. About 
15 incidents of computer sabotage have 


By Bill Johnstone 

surfaced recently and about a third have 
stopped the companies concerned trad- 
ing. The saboteur is usually an employee 
who has programmed the system to 
develop a fhult or activate a command 
some time after his departure from the 

The onsupervised computer pro- 
grammer or systems analyst is therefore 
in an easy position to alter computer 
commands at wilL “He can be making an 
illegal change as well as an authorised 
one,” says Dr Wong. 

These changes, known as logic time 

bombs, are becoming widespread but 
companies arc still reluctant to pros- 
ecute. The bombs placed by disgruntled 
employees are now believed to be 
inflicting millions of pounds worth of 
irreparable damage on companies ever 
year. T 

These computer saboteurs construct “ 
and place their bombs just before - 
departure. The less destructive designs 
abort a computer system and require the “ 
departed employee to be recalled to “ 
repair the damage for a fee. Others are“~ 
more damaging in naiure. Valuable sales - 
invoices, dient lists, files, outstanding 1 , 
bills and other vital information for 
running a business have been destroyed 
by these commands. 

Britain is only experiencing what has 
been rife in the United States for some * 
time. There, the logic time bombs are 
more sophisticated and take the form of 
a virus — illicit commands which in turn 
generate a train of others in an un- 
controllable chain. 

These appear easier to implement in , 
computer systems on a public tele- - 
communications network. Usually the , 
hacker or saboteur would enter the - 
network at one node but be able to ... 
initiate commands which would do 
damage at another. 

Legislation which forces companies to *• 
publicly disclose all the details of ' 
computer fraud appears to be the only • 
sensible remedy. 

The City offers a golden bait 

Computer programmers used 
to have two options if they 
wanted to earn a king’s ran- 
som rapidly — take a chance 
on a freelance career or do a 
tour of duty in the Middle 
East. The approaching de- 
regulation of the City of 
London has created a third, 
more palatable possibility. 

With the October deadline 
getting closer, finance bouses 
in the City are said to be 
finding their information sys- 
tems woefully incomplete. 
Computing expertise is at a 
premium and the bait used to 
attract it is becoming increas- 

Inflated salaries are only tbe 
beginning. There are cheap 
mortgages, free pension 
schemes, pre fere n tial loans, 
life and health insurance, 
profit-sharing, share options 
and bonuses. There are even 
reports of large cash payments 
that would put data-process- 
ing staff into the same cate- 
gory as head-hunted market- 

Recruitment specialists dif- 
fer on how closely this version 
of events corresponds to re- 
ality. According to some, tbe 
Dick Whittington syndrome is 
at work — the streets of 
London will always seem to be 
paved with gold from a certain 
angle. But even those who 
would expect to be freewheel- 
ing at this time of year say that 
the Gty is keeping them busy. 

The finance sector has al- 
ways been a generous em- 
ployer of computer staff in the 
benefits it can offer. Sub- 
sidized mortgages were com- 
mon long before tbe ugly 
phrase “golden hello” was 
invented, used in the days 
when the Big Bang was an 
alternative to the Book of 

But the scope of the perks 
on offer has certainly grown 
and the qualifying period has 
shrunk in some cases. “People 

S»phen JoWWCo 

are finding that mortgage 
benefits are available from 
day one rather than after six 
months or a year of service,” 
said David dark of the 
specialist recruitment con- 
sultancy, Sector Personnel 
A weB-known international 
bank helpfully worked out the 
cash value of banking benefits 
for employees in a recent 


By David Guest 

advertisement aimed at data 
processing staff To somebody 
on a salary of £13,000 a year, 
and with a £50,000 mortgage, 
its package would be worth 
£4,700 a year. 

A spokesman for one of the 
largest programming body 
shops said: “There are some 
pretty fancy prices being paid, 
but nowhere near what the 
market makers are getting.” 
Jayne Boynton, of Hal tech, 
said that a qualified analyst- 
programmer might expect a 
salary of £20,000 as opposed 
to £12,000 anywhere else. 

Advertising that specifically 
mentions the Big Bang doesn't 
bear out this view. Taking into 
account the problem of job 
definitions, a study of the 
recruitment pages of the trade 
press reveals a large spread, 
from analyst-programmer 
posts at £1 1,000 plus benefits 
to senior systems analysts at 
£30,000 plus benefits plus 

Bounty hunters are also 
warned by the recruitment 
specialists that the least tar- 
nished. “golden hellos” are 
going to people with experi- 
ence of the finance sector and 
its procedures. One individ- 
ual with just 16 months* 
experience of a stockbrokers 
system, has moved to a bank 
for £23,000 a year. 

The golden hello in any 
meaningful form is rare at the 
levels of programmers and 
analysts unless very specific 
applications skills are in- 
volved. At the higher levels 
managerial staff tend to be 
head-hunted rather than re- 
cruited through advertising. 

At all levels, but particularly 

in software development, the J 
acute shortage of people with . 
the right skiDs is prompting ' 
some finance houses to a ban- ‘ 
don the golden hello for a 
much less glamorous expedi- 
ent — retraining. 

On one hand, computer 
staff with a good technical 
background can be trained in 
the ways of the business; on 
the other,, particular types of 
modern computer system are 
less demanding of program- 
ming talent Consultants see 
these factors leading salaries 
to a plateau. 

For the moment, the * 
possibility ofbig money is still 
perceived as real by computer 
staff Jane Boynton com- 
mented: “It's an ideal oppor- 
tunity for people to get into 
the finance sector.” 

This drift towards the City 
prompted one local authority *" 
in London to fight fire with 
fire by offering its own golden 
hello — worth £3,000 to pro- 
grammers. The offer is 
thought to be closed now, but 
the City’s, such as it is, 
remains open until October 27 « 
and probably beyond. 



If you are a data communications specialist with 
detailed knowledge within any of the following aieas:- 

— X21 AND X25 

— V24 AND RS232C 

— WAN’s 

— LAN’s 


- IBM D/C 

— 3270 
— SNA 


Please call ANN ARUDGE on 0462 57141 immediately to discuss haw 
your background matches the demanding requirements of our DUTCH 
client’s new DC and NETWORKING development. Code NET. 

■■1 i . 

Pav t 

"fin ' 


c rTTT t m k 

* dnpoR el (ndugiuT Ansa Lmud mtmbtr rf fflej 

An Employmntt Agency ant tBftofnmx Butmea-Do£ Ueener Afc SwWN 




H Can IB M wear 
a Euro cloak? 

From Matthew May id Oberiech, Austria 

What factors go to make up a 
European company has been 
an especially thorny subject 
for IBM over the last year as 
the company's “Europcan- 
' — " or lack of it has become 

As the EEC has pushed 
forward pan-European re- 
search programmes designed 
to boost European compet- 
itiveness against the strength 
of American and Japanese 
multinationals in high tech- 
nology. so too ironically it has 
had to involve the biggest 
foreign multinational of than 
alt IBM. 

little suprise then that 
Kaspar Cassani, president of 
IBM Europe, turned up daring 
a series of seminars held in 
this winter resort town last 
week by the company to stress 
tow important he believes the 
formation of “information, 
technology p a rtner sh ips" are 
to advancing European 
competitivenessin world mar- 

The seminars, otherwise 
known as the IBM Europe 
Institute, ran for eight weeks 
every summer and are de- 
signed to attract up to 50 
European researchers and 
academics a .week to listen to 
v-. speakers on the latest 
developments in high technol- 
■} ogy across the continent 
j- • They are one of a series of 
measures taken by IBM to 
convince the world that IBM 
Europe, which accounts for 
t*, nearly a third of the 
company’s worldwide busi- 
ness, should be given at least 
•£3^33 honorary European status 
when it conies to planning for 
y ifj§ the 1990s. 

T “Our own labs and plants in 

Europe are every bit as ad- 
fvji vanced as their American and 
j ! | Japanese . counterparts,” Mr 

S ^ & Cassam sakk sidestepping the 
- 1 faff .that, this . is hardly 

industrialists that such pro- 
grammes should be only for 
European companies, rather 
than for foreign subsidiaries. 

But with (me of the mam 
.targets of European co-opera- 
tion being the formation of a 
set of common standards 
the early 1990s to ena««. 
different brands of computer 
equipment, telephone systems 
and networks to tink with each 
other easily, necessity de- 
mands that IBM cannot be be 

As Mr Cassani put it, 
“Many vested interests are at 
stake and will be defended 

and many sacred 
cows will have to be 

■ IBM could stiU »waW> a. 
profit on a persons! computer 

selling at £500, said Mr 



suprising, considering they are 
• r* r owned by the same company 
that runs many of those US 
s^* v counterparts. 

IBM is now involved in 
both the Esprit and Race 
- research pro gra mmes nm by 
the EEC, having overcome 
. criticism from some European 

IBM’s European chief* 
Kaspar V. Cassam 
Cassani in response tol 
questioning over the effect off 
the launch of cheap clones off 
the PC such as Amstrad*s 
£460 version due to be an- 
nounced next Tuesday. Earlier 
this month IBM cut prices on 
some versions of its basic PCs 
by nearly 20 per cent, although 
a complete system still costs 
more than £1,000. 

But in other parts of the 
market Mr Cassani predicts an 
end to the general reduction in 
the cost ofhigh technology. 

He said: “Computer prices 
in Europe have been coming 
down in the last nine to 12 
months very rapidly, as in- 
ti den tally have IBM's, but we 
don't expect this to continue. 
On a worldwide scale prices 
could now start to rise." 

“Computers have a silly season, too* 

Pay the machine 

By BinLohmann 

Stoppers wheel their carts up 
slowly and eye the new check- 
out lanes in the Kroger Food 
Store with some suspicion. 

is nobody to ring up the 

Self-service checkouts could 
be the next supermarket 
development if the latest in 
high-technology supermarket 
shopping catches on. 

A new system called 
Expressit is being tested in 
Kroger, a small town sooth of 
J the American city of Atlanta, 
t in three check-out lanes. 

. Fete Wenz, an engineer with 
I Checkrotot, the Florida com- 

■ pany that designed the do-if- 
| yourself checkout system, 
l said: “One older lady came in 
I ud had a ball with it" 

i The stopper passes the 
l product over a computerized 
i price-scanner, similar to those 

■ Mag introduced to big British 
I npennarkets. 

• The scanner reads the bar 

code stamped cm die 
and a computer screen 
plays die price and keeps a 
running total. The price is also 
recited by a computerized 
voice. Those who find the voice 
annoying can activate a silenc- 
ing device. 

The shopper then (daces the 
item on the conveyor toil, 
where ft passes l 

shield. If it has been 
registered by the 
price-scanner, the belt graves 
forward. If ft was not, the belt 
shifts into reverse and brings 
the item bade to the customer. 
The same thmg happens if the 
customer tries to sneak any 
unregHtered items on the belt. 

T-ifc» a self-service petrol 
station, the shopper then goes 
to pay the Mil at a central cash 
register. The screen also re- 
sponds to touch, so the stop- 
per can push a help batten for 
guidance or even punch in 
allowances for coupons. 

! CBM PC, complete, £895! 

I fete. The IBM Personal Computer with 256k, 

■ K>0b disk drive, UK keyboard, monochrome di&- 
t day, mono/printer adaptor and grade to ops & 

( Satie, complete, £895. Upgraded versions also 

■ available at special Morse prices. IBM AT/E 
| 10mb, complete, £2850. Reduced prices on 
j J ropw nl er & Proprinter XL when po Tthi i wd ii^lB||l«jUBm<u 


I fflWWC MBm Telephone 01 831 0644 










Compact: Portable II £2700! 

■pedal offer on the new smaller Portable 
1 I model 3, 80286 processor (8mhz), 

| 40k RAM, lOmb hard disk. 360k 
1 loppy disk drive, combined graphics 
} nd text display. Compaq Portable 256k — 

1AM, 2 360k drives, dual-mode display, £1350. Please phone 
I *r Morse prices on the Portable Plus, Deskpro and Deskpro 

| 86 P™* 008 ' 

NORSE CAHMimK 78 High HoJbwn, London WC 1 V 6LS. 

1 Idl—rUIOOT^ w Mi mtAJL TpfarWgMfi 



Trusthouse Forte, the leading hold and cater- 
ing company, regime an experienced Solicitor to be 
based at Head Office in Central London. 

Reporting to the Legal Services Directory yon 
wffl be expected to have the skills to work closely 

—Si*. e 2 i- m a . ■ ^ 

or arrang- 

e company 

- — i department is involved in 

commercial and financial agreements, acquisitions, 
together with general company, property and 
employment law. 

A good law degree, followed by at least ten 
years' commercial experience, are essential require- 
ments for this complex and important post You 
should also be abfe to demonstrate good com- 
munication skills to supplement your commercial 

The salary will be . negotiable and, together 
with the benefits expected from a large internation- 
al company, will reflect the i m p or ta nce we place in 
securing the right person. 

Applications in writing, enclosing a full CV 
should be addressed to: 

Mx. E F. Chisnall, 

Trusthouse Forte PLC/ 
12 Sherwood Street, 
London W1V 7RD 

Trusthouse Forte PLC 



South Midlands 

Promotion to a position in the BBA Group's headquarters 
Legal Department has created the need fora Solicitor 
with around five years post qualification experience, 
preferably gained in an industrial environment, to manage 
a largely autonomous Legal Department of BBA's 
subsidiary Automotive Products, based at Leamington 

Automotive Products has a turnover in excess of £200m, 
manufacturing in six countries, and selling throughout 
most of the world. 

The post calls for someone with a positive approach to 
solving a wide range of corporate legal problems including 
acquisitions and disposals, intellectual property licensing 
and employment law, and needs a Lawyer prepared to 
become involved with management at all levels. 

An excellent salary, with additional benefits including a 
Company car scheme, will be offered. 

Applications to 
Mr. F. Howard 
Group Personnel Manager 
BBA Group PLC, PO Box 20 
Whitechapel Road, 
West Yorks hi re BD196HP 

The Vbrfcshire based manufacturer and distributor of automotive and 
engin eeri ng products, conveyor belting and industrial textites 

Richards Butler 



Richards Butler urgently need a further young 
Solicitor to join their thriving Property 

The ideal applicant will have a minimum of one 
year’s post-qualification Commercial Property 
experience, but those qualifying in the Autumn, 
with good experience in Articles will be considered. 
The successful applicant will handle a wide variety 
of matters for a range of commercial dients and 
assist a Partner on more complex development 

The applicant who can demonstrate intellectual 
ability and commercial flair is assured of a 
challenging future and excellent prospects. A 
commensurate salary is offered within a friendly 
working environment. 

Please apply in writing to 
John Rainford 

or telephone him on 01-247 6555. 

Richards Butler 



— N.W. London 
Salary Neg.+ Car 

Our diem is a major division of one of the largest 
leisure groups in the UK. 

They are seeking a third sotiotodlawyer to cany 
some responsibility for the purchase and legal 
management of their retail outlets. You win also be 
expected to assist in all aspects of commerce!, 
conveyancing, property. landlord and tenant law and 
have contact with our dients outside soJidtors. 

Applicants, who may include persons recently 
admitted, will start on a salary according to. their 
experience A first class benefits package, including a 
car, private medical cover and share options, will be 

In the first instance please write enclosing a brief 
career resume to: 

Alastair Myers, 

Rada Recruitment Communications Ltd, 
195 Euston Road, 

London NWI2BN 

Bell Gully Buddie Weir 

& Finance Law 

A leading New Zealand law firm, practising in the 
fields of corporate and international finance law, requires 
experienced and highly motivated lawyers with City of 
London or equtotem background 

Our targe and growing company/commernal teams in 
Auckland and Wellington already contain a significant 
number of young lawyers with English and North Ameri- 
can experience, who have met the challenge of 
contirauna then professional careers in the rapidly ex- 
panding Australasian commercial environment 

Oir practice ft international, and currently comprises 
more than 130 lawyers ft partner and staff level. Pros- 
pects and remuneration refect the standards we seek m 
oor staff. The quality ft the New Zealand lifestyle ft a 
bonus which cannot be quantified. 

Whist the opportuiitfes may be paticularty suitable 
for New Zealand quafified solicitors, others with the right 
credentials should not hesitate to reply. Two of our 
partners, both ft whom emigrated from England to New 
Zealand within the last tots years, wilt be in London in 
late September 1986 and will be delighted to inform and 
interview candidates who may be interested m joining us 
now or in the future. 

Replies with curriculum vitae and contact telephone 
number by 21st September to; 

MU Davidson 

c/o BB Matandez Productions Ltd. 

32-34 Gnat Marlborough Street 
London W1 

Gabriel Duffy Consultancy 


We are currently under instruction by several major 
firms of s o licitor s to search on their behalf for high 
caBra corporate tax specialists. 

£25,000 - £3QJ)00: Our diant ft looking for a senior 
assistant to join the busy taxation team of this City 
practice. The caseload has a bankmg/jnsofvency bias 
and although experience in either area would be 
advantageous it ft not a prerequisite for the position. 

To£30b0QQ: Our efient, one of the major City practices, 
urgently requires an eroart to assist the partners with 
corpora te tax matters, the position reqtires someone 
with die abfity to relate wen to colleagues and to 
cflerte aBw. The ideal cttxficlrte wa receive an excel- 
lent salary and the opporfcmity to woric autonomously 
on high-profile cases. 

Appfcations wS be welcome from solicitors, hams- 
ters, accountants and revenue inspectors but high 
level corporate experience ft essential. 

To £2IM)0ae A Central London firm are looking for a 
lawyer, other newly qualified or with up to 3 years 
experience to assist on a mixed caseload of taxation 
matters. Appficants with a good academic background 
but no formal taxation experience have the o| 
nrty to train in this highly specafeed field, 
competitive and environment stimulating. 

For further detafis on these and other vacancies within 
the Legal Profession please contact 


2nd Floor 

31 S o w Mwowtn w Hoar 
Londoa WC1B 8HJ 

n um ber 831 1288 
and Weekends 740 0288 


Balfour Beatty Limited, a leading UK Con- 
struction and Engineering Company, 
requires two additional solicitors to join the 
Legal Department at our Head Office in 
Thornton Heath. The Legal Department ad- 
vises the Balfour Beatty Group’s worldwide 
business interests on a wide variety of com- 
mercial matters. 

Appficants aged 25 to 35 should have some 
commercial experience either in private 
practice or industry, and must be witling to 
travel both in the UK and overseas. 

A competitive salary plus other benefits 
compatible with a large company will be 

Please write with C.V. to: Mrs. O.LF. 
Board, Personnel Officer, Balfour Beatty 
Limited, 7 Mayday Road, Thornton Heath, 
Surrey. CR4 7XA. 

H3 Balfour Beatty 


COMPANY COMMERCIAL £v. attractive 

Partner designate sought by energetic City 
practice, ideally circa 4 years qualified with 
Stock Exchange experience. Excellent pack- 
age and early prospects. 


Commercial ( Residential quality workload at 
leading Central London practice for able so- 
licitor of up to 2 years PQE. 


A superb workload and friendly atmosphere 
at major Central London practice for ambi- 
tious lawyer ranging from newly qualified to 3 
years PQE. 

Xi$w *PersonnetjQk 

Staff specialists to the legal profession worktwide 
95 Aktwydi. London WC2B 4JE Tefc 01-242 1261 
(artsapnone after office hours) 



We have vacancies in our Conveyancing Department for 
two Solicitors to be toed either at our London office in 
Bedford Row or at our expanding Tunbridge Wells 

1. A Solicitor of about eight years’ or more experi- 
ence in all aspects of commercial and domestic 
conveyancing. There are real career prospects 
associated with this appointment 

2. Newly qualified or about two years’ experience. 

Please apply la ccvfWeire tfl 
Hr. H. H. Shaotai at 13 Bedford Row, 
VC1R 4BS or tetepbrae 01-242 9971. 



Chichester & Crawley 


Salary £11,130 to £15,900 

Prosecuting in the Magistrates* Courts offers a 
challenging and stimulating carter to lawyers who 
have an aptitude for advocacy and an interest in 
criminal law. We are looking both for the enthusias- 
tic newly-qualified lawyer and also for the more 
experienced practitioner. The latter may expect to be 
appointed at a salary up to £13,727 per annum. 

Post (a) - Chichester 

The successful applicant will be based at our new 
Branch Office in the Cathedral City and yachting 
centre of Chichester and he or she will mostly prose- 
cute at the courts in that City, in the picturesque and 
historic towns of Arundel and Stoning and at 

Post (b) - Crawley 

The person appointed will mainly prosecute at the 
busy Crawley Courts (which serve the New Town 
and the major international airport at Gatwick) and 
at Horsham. Haywards Heath and East Grinstcad. 

Lovers of the outdoors can eryoy the beauty of 
the coast, the Downs and tbc Ashdown Forest. Many 
pans of Sussex He within one and a half hours by 
train from the West End and a few hours of the 

Availability to begin work on or before 30th 
September 1986, although not essential, would be an 
advantage in view of impending transfer of the De- 
partment to Civil Service on 1st October 1986. 

For farther particulars and application forms tele- 
phone Pat Weller/Da rid Parnriter on Lewes 10273) 
•*75400. ext 573 or write to the Solicitor and Deputy 
Clerk. Pelham Hoax. SL Andrews Lane. Lewes, 
East Sussex BN7 1UN. 




£ 20 -£ 27,000 

Applications are invited from experienced 
solicitors lor the above post ante Authority's 
new modem offices in Cardiff. 

The postholder wS be responsible to the 
Chief Executive for the provision of legal 
services for the Authority and for advising the 
Board of the Authority in all legal matters. 

in addition to managing the legal section 
he/she win be dkectfy involved in legal work 
and wdl be expected to contribute in a positive 
manner to achieving the Authority's role of 
making land available tor development In the 

The successful candidate wfl need to demon- 
strate experience in all aspects of the law and 
practice of real property as well as in planning 
and compulsory purchase law. 

Please write for an appBcation form and job 
description to: Personnel Officer. Land 
Authority for Wales, Custom House, Custom 
House Street. Cardiff. 

pHcaikm forms to be returned 
September 1986. 


Temporary Senior 
Law Clerk 

c. £12,500 p.a. 

9 math contract 

• We need a competent litigator to deal with 
chrii and criminal litigation, including advo- 
cacy in the magistrates' and County 
Courts, as web as general legal work. 

• This is a temporary appointment for a pe- 
riod of approximately nine months to cover 
the absence of the permanent post holder. 
This job may suit a Fellow of the Institute of 
Legal Executives or a Solicitor, possibly 
retired. Job sharing or part-time appoint- 
ments would also be considered. 

Application forms quoting Ref. 389 from the 
Personnel Service, The Town Hall, Homton 
Street London. WB 7NX Teh 01-937 8562 (24 
hours answering service). 

c lfu ffoddcmugfigf 


-fj eolm opportunity ^MPiovERteerarara 



£ generous 

Oil lawyer with experience in “up-stream” 
work to join the headquarters of a major 
oil company in the Gulf to handle inter- 
national exploration work. Generous 
salary and benefits are offered on a one 
year renewable contract. 

74 Long Lane, London ECl Teh 01-606 9371 




seek Solicitor/Banister to act as sole in- 
house lawyer. About 2 years post 
admission company/commercial experi- 
ence desirable. Some overseas travel 
likely. Salary at least £17,000 plus com- 
pany car. lunches and BUPA cover. 
Please write with CV to:- 

Mr D A Gage 
Burberrys Limited 
29/53 Chatham Place 
or telephone 01 985 3344 

TUCJmirC UAMtlAV AITi!llICr.l«.lQfi<, 

■~ - . r » ---.- T-; TC 1 7 < * •{“ } * - ' 

i'i' ■ * a /iUUUJi — O 

Administrative Officer 

Group Secretariat 

c. £12,000 

At the headquarters of this international 
pharmaceutical group we require a graduate, 
preferably in law or a business related discipline, 
to assist in the provision of services and advice 
within the sphere of company secretarial 
practice for group companies. You will be 
involved in statutory company secretarial and 
administrative duties, die maintenance of 
comprehensive records in relation to subsidiary 
companies, indexing and retrieval of documents 

and distribution of publications. 

Earnings, including London Allowance and 
guaranteed bonus, will be in the region of c 
£12,000 p.a. Excellent benefits indude a non- 
contributory pension scheme, season ticket loan 
scheme and Lunch Allowance. 

For an application form please contact Miss Jan 

GlaXO Holdings p.l-c. 

Clarges House, 6-12 Clarges Street, Loudon WlY 8DH. Tel: 01-493 4060 Ext. 300. 

Legal Advisor 



+ Car 

Our clients, the life company subsidiary of a major financial 
corporation, are seeking to appoint a key executive as part of 
their ambitious plans to dramatically increase their share of Hfe 
and pensions business in toe United Kingdom. 

Your main task will be to provide legal advice to Senior 
Management and will indude specific responsibilities for pokey 
drafting, the vetting of company literature and the provision of 
support to the sales force. The successful appointee will also be 
required to undertake company secretarial duties. 

Probably aged 25-35 and a qualified solicitor, you must be 
able to demonstrate commercial acumen and have die 
confidence to work on your own initiative as part of a small 
dynamic management team. A background in the financial 
services industry would be desirable but this should not deter 
exceptional candidates who are capable of adapting quickly to a 
new environment 

So, if you recognise this opportunity as flic next logical step 
in your career telephone or write in the strictest confidence to 
Geoffrey Mather r i-R quoting reference number 9960. 



Search and Selection 

160 New Bond Street, London WfYOHR 
Telephone: 01-499 7701 




Vacancies arise is tbeofficr of the clerk to tbs 
justices, and offer an excellent opportunity to 
ory>harb on a career in maratratw* courts. 
Preference will be gjren to those qualified aa 
barristers or solicitors. Recent finalists on 
also apply. Starting salary according to quali- 
fications and experience; a person who has 
passed the relevant final examinations may 
expect to start at £8178 per annum, National 
conditions of service apply. 

Court Clerks receive salaries of £9881 to 
£11361, and Senior Court Clerks £11361 to 
£12783. Appointment to a Court Clerk post 
depends upon there being a s uit a ble vacancy, 

pends upon the qualification and satisfactory 
experience of the Court Clerk. 

Letters of application giving details of experi- 
ence, age ana qualification, together with the 
nam, and addresses of two referees should 
reach me not later than the 12th September 
1986. Telephone enquiries to Norwich (0603) 
63242 i. 


Clerk to the Justices, 
Magistrates* Court, 


NR3 1UP 



Amstrad Consumer Electronics is a fast expanding p.l.c., with 
worldwide activities. Our Head Office is in Brentwood, Essex 
and the Company has decided to appoint a Corporate Lawyer to 
handle the Commercial/Intemational legal work. 

Candidates should have at least 3 years post qualification experi- 
ence, with a commercial background, and an interest in the legal 
aspects of Intellectual Property Rights would be an advantage. A 
competitive salary and company car will be offered to a suitable 
candidate, to whom an entrepreneural atmosphere and an active 
involvement in the ‘front end 9 of the business would appeaL 

If you are interested, please write enclosing a summary of your 
career history to: 

Mr. J.L Rice 

Group Operations Director 
Amstrad Consumer Electronics pic 
Brentwood House, 169 Kings Road 
Brentwood, Essex CM14 4EF 


As hurst Morris Crisp are looking for able lawyers to fill the following positions. There are 
excellent career prospects for the right candidates. Candidates should have between six 
months and five years post-qualification experience. 


Work in this Department is wide-ranging, stimulating and challenging. Candidates will be 
expected to combine careful attention to detail with practical legal advice. 


We are also looking for a solicitor to join our Company and Commercial Department The 
Department is involved in aB aspects of company and commercial work. However, the 
successful candidate win be interested in devoting a proportion of his/her time to oil and 
energy related matters. 

Please apply with full c.v. to:- 

W. Drummond Esq., Ashurst Morris Crisp 
Broadgate House, 7 Eldon Street, London, EC2M 7HD 


Young Litigation Solicitor 
with personal injury bias 
required for busy medium 
sued practice dost 10 Fleet 
Street. Some poet quali- 
fication experience essent- 
ial. Salary very negotiable 
dependent on age and 

Written appikationa please 
to Mr N raid. L Bingham 
& Co, 4 Carmelite Street, 
London EC4Y OBN. 

qualified or unqualified 
preferably with 
knowledge of trusts. 
Salary Negotiable. 
Reply to SOX Hi 2. 

Baker & McKenzie 

director of 

Professional Development 

Baker & MfKertzie, an Internationa] firm of lawyers, seeks 
a Director of Professional Development to succeed the 
current Director beginning 1 December 1986. 

The Director is responsible for guiding the internal training 
programmes for lawyers in Baker & McKenzie’s 32 
offices, planning regional meetings of junior lawyers and a 
programme of professional development seminars at the 
Firms annual partners’ meeting, overseeing the training 
and education programmes of junior lawyers temporarily 
transferred to foreign offices or to foreign universities for 
graduate law degrees, and coordinating all other aspects of 
the Firm’s training and education activities. 

Wc expect that the Director will be located in Chicago, 
New York or London. The position requires a significant 
amount of travel. 

We seek candidates with substantial experience in legal 
education in a law firm, law college, or university, or as a 
senior professor in a liberal arts field at the graduate 
university level. Academic administrative experience as 
head of department or dean is highly desirable. Although 
applications from qualified lawyers are welcome, a legal 
qualification is not essential. Candidates should have had 
significant international experience, speak one or more 
foreign languages, and speak and write English fluendy. 

Candidates should send a curriculum vitae and a summary ofhow 
their professional experience fits the req oir ements of the position to: 
Bruce Porter, Chairman, Professional Development Committee. 
Baker & McKenzie, Aldwych House, Aid wych, London WC2B 4JP. 
Applications should be submitted by 15 September 1966. 




Our client a highly regarded medium szed practice, is 
seeking young Solicitors, neudy-quafified and Arose 
with up to two years pc*:. to join the rapidly expanding 
company department The work win cover a range of 
public and private company matters and will suit candi- 
dates with excellent academic records who are seeking 
early respansibilily in this demanding environment 


From £25,000 + Bens 

On behalf of several medium sized practices, we are 
recruiting experienced tax specialists for their expand- 
ing departments. Opportunities exist primarily In mixed 
tax work with limited openings in pure personal tax. 
Candidates should be lawyers aged 30 to 35 with a 
minimum of five years relevant experience. First class 

prospects inducting early admission to the partnership. 


EC3 • 

Due to continued expansion in the btigalian department 
this small Gty firm is keen to speak to Lawyers seeking 
high quakiy commercial work. [deafly with up to three 
years post auafificabon experience preferably in 
construction related matters, die successful candidate can 
expect excellent career prospects with this pnxyesslve 


We are currently recruiting on behalf of several 
Stockbrokers, Merchant and Investment banks, who seek 
additional staff at all levels as a result of the continuing 
expansion of their corporate finance department. 
Candidates for the more senior positions should be 
corporate financiers with experience In a wide range of 
transactions. At executive level, we welcome applications 

and good 

For d^aik of these arxiotherposlflons. p le ase con tact Jcdp»C««Ben,Jpdidb Farmer orLisaliWtoip. 

Legal and Financial Recruitment Specialists 
16-18 New Bridge St, London EC4V 6AU Telephone: 01-583 0073 


c. £13,500 per annum 

A confident Solicitor is required to assist in providing an advisory service 
to committees and line managers about contentious matters arising from 
provision of local authority services. Also to appear as advocate for the 
Council at court and tribunal hearings. 

There will be opportunity to specialise in housing, social service, licensing, 
education, highways, town planning, public health or some combination of 
two or three kinds of matters. 

The position provides an opportunity for a recently qualified woman or 
man to gain intensive experience and to take responsibility with senior 
professional support and advice available to them. 

This is a repeat advertisement Applicants to the similar advertisement m 
July have no need to re-apply as they are still under consideration. 

Apply by brief fetter and CV. with the names of two referees to die Head 
of Personnel and Productivity Services, London Borough of Croydon, 
Taberaer House, Park Lane, Croydon CR9 3JS. 

Closing date: I7th September 1986. 


An equal opportunity employer mm LTm ll ^ 

Meredith Scott 

PEHStiDHS e. £26,000 

Top EC2 practice requires lawyer with at least 2 yrs 


KgWy regarded meefium sized Cfty practice needs lawyer 
Preferably up to 5 yrs qualified. Partnership prospects. 

i prospects. 



Trethowans is a ten partner practice and as a result of 
continuing expansion of the firm's business and an immi- 
nent retirement we are looking fon- 

(1) Three Coneyaneers. The post would suit anybody 
newly qualified or about to qualify looking for good 
experience of all types of conveyancing and the pack- 
age on offer is about £10,000 p.a. 

(2) A Trust/Tax Manager. This post would suit 
somebody with an accountancy or Inland Revenue 
background - package about £14,000 p.a. 

These are opportunities for hard work in very pleasant 
surroundings and there is no reason why the right appli- 
cants should not secure a long term future with the firm. 

For further details please write in the first instance or 
telephone W J Stacey, Trethowans, College Chambers, 
New Street, Salisbury, Wiltshire SPl 2LY. 

Telephone 0722 336744 




Weiuis&lorecrDil Barrisers or Solid toes for our International 
Commercial Departments in Auckland and Wellinpoa offices 
lo specialise in UK fields oTIiUcniaijOMl Financing. Commer- 
cial and Corporate law. We believe these position, olfcr 


Friendly young Central London practice 
seeking forward thinking and capable litiga- 
tor, of up to 2 years POE, for rewarding 
Commercial/CMi caseload. 

TAX TO £20K 

Prestigious Central London practice seeks 
ambitious tax solicitor, preferably with 
- Corporate Tax experience. Quality work, 
good prospects. 


Young, progressive, medium-sized practice 
hi City offers high quality work to ambitious 
sotidtor of up to 2 years POE Definite pros- 
pects for the right person. 

J&vWemnmeCM | 

Staff specialists to the legal profession noridwide ™ 

95 Aldwych. London WG2B 4JF. Tel: 01-242 1281 
(ansaptnoe after office horns) 

sewing ibe stimulus of a challenging proflcssioiK 
environment combined with the attractive style of life 
svaiMffe in New Zealand. 

Interested applicants an- invited to write 
(Enclosing a curriculum vitae) to: 

Michael C. Walls 
Chapman Tripp Sheffield Young 
Barristers and Solicitors 
P.O.Box 993, Wellington 
New Zealand 

Stephen Anderson 
Chapman Tripp Sheffield Young 
P.O, Box 2206 
Auckland, New Zealand 

an inifrnting oucon unity tar 
an nqwwirad uuoator. wno 
whim ro broaden Lhetr career 
prosper!*. Ideally. OW xthUleS 
should have either one of the 
level associated examinations 
or practical experience In civil 
imoauon wild Uie financial or 
lew profesaon. A trainee 
would be considered provided 
iftev possess nefevam education- 
al qualifications Cmtnlmum 'A' 
Irvetej. UCB Group are oart of 
Gompaeme BancaM, one of 
Europe's leading financial «*- 
Vices group*, with assets m 
ewes* of CIO bUUon. Please 
contact Annie Porter. UCB 
House. Railway Approach, 
watunqlon. Surrey Tel: Ol- 
773 ,327.5. 





There tea great demand 
lor LOCUM solicitors 
and Legal Execs, in aB 
areas. Prospective 
Locums should call us 
without delay. 

01 - 248-1139 

Advice given to self- 
employed Locums regarding 
Accounts. Fees & insurance. 

t-i ,. 


'A' 1 . 



soucnofts/Leni Executive* 

ana Articled Cmtks required, 
we have lacancies on ourregts- 
iw covering Kent. Susmx and 
Surrey areas. Ashley Taylor 
Sian Management. 7 Ashdown 
Arcade. Oowtaoroogti. £aal 
Sussev Tot (089261 66699. 


quire* Lawyer to develop 
rapidly expanding department 
dealing will) Ux> purchase and 
“to * Spanish properties and 
•wated matters In Spain. Fluen- 
cy in written and spoken 
Spamsn essenou. Excel tent 
gr»*peeta. Salary negotiable. 
Please write wUb run C-V~lo 
aw. Carter & Co. B63 Liver- 
pool Road. Airedale. Southport. 
Merteradc PRO 3LX. 




Uncotn’s hrm Solicitors 
with attractive offices. 
Require experienced 
secretary tor 

conveyancing and general 

worK with WP (Preferably 
Hfeng experience). 23-30. 
Safety £9.000 + AAE. 

y . titek varied, sabiy 
w but not loss than 

fot 0M39 2922 


Required for legal department of our property development 
corapany m Mayfair. Shorthand would bean advantage, but 
good audio typing and some legal experience would fee me- 
fcrred- If you lave these qualities, a pleasant manner and are 
m your mid 20's, we can offer you a salary of £9,000 pj- + 
Stan mseouni on a variety of goods. 

Tj* Paula Wallace 01-409 2322 
Dtiooa Property Services Ltd 
flftul of rite Dixons Group pfe) - 






TEL 01-481 1920 


FAX NO. 01-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 
private advertisers 

TEL: 01-481 4000 


*'♦’*'* \ 


‘ f u ■ " ^ 


"■ f 4^ 
■ ^ 

. ; • X. 

An tfaroi f iw t ad«ntiacmcau 

w he ■"■hiIhI hy l4 lJ uw 

(euxfH AmoanconcnuX The 
dcadttw k SdOtau 2 days prior 
m poMknkn (ie 3JX)pm Mon- 
a*f for WMnetday), Should 
yon wish to send w advoiin- 
mas in writbg plane include 
yow’daytime pbooe number. 
CUeflMER eemiCEt DE- 
PAKTWBiT. if jwj have my 
queries or probl cau returns to 
yon idvouenot once it nm 
inpetrcd. jkaac c ontact our 
Ctaemer Services Oepanasen 
by w fcptKHw os m-ot 41QQ, 


MAT -m* Sam* Heart of Jmui 
Bp praam, adored and oiorKlM 
Uwdwomw Itae worW for ever 
and ever Amen. 


HRF M COLE - 11 82 on AliguH 


KCVE : — owe . On 26th 

August 1941. h «*- JoiwTO. 
Hyde Park Crevem. tfi. 

Csmic* Timor Reave, ifim 
■teysl Hand IP.W.DJ to 
Martorie auwmr . of Sawn, 
HWcmerr. Atom HW 
9S AUnotfcm Rota. Krartngtan. 

L'nE JLlMiai l ujesDax AUGUST 26 1980 


" ■ uxw. -1 "l** 

Geneva. Bcroc- • 

:ir " Q 


■* 1 . 

'V' ~'" ::Cit 0R3^ 

• v ’ ; ^3 


Wm Mimr. London^ dun tor 
professional una Hatched people 
ZM3,Oter 200 evpnB month- 
ly. 2« hr tufa tap?. 997 7994. 

CAU— : evs ua gnXesManai 
eumeuhnn illae documents. 
Drialli- 01-631 258S. 

CAPITAL CVa preoare nigti anali- 
(V rurrmilum turn. 01-607 

dtos a\MUMe. Pun maLe-un & 
dressing laruiltes.01 462 3788 
for details j 1.9pm Mon-Prl. 

COMPANY OOLT Days wganfecd 
for staff or pMsmen. Any 
loca tion. TM 0734 872722. 

H W HfWWf. Lose or Mamaoe. 
All ayes, areas. Dateline. Dept 
<0161 23 Ahfnfldon Road. Lon- 
don W8. Toil 01-938 1011. 

IES & 

“23™" imjud Come la Me 
and c yareue box. zjy mnl 
aim Moroccan tnuM wan pa. 
oue dome MMgn and mirror 
WXJ5“ CSOOTrfSfc 62846 

Pfouflne*- ani mals, etc, want, 
ed. Ol 883 OOBdT 


tBTH CENTURY (Inhered wan*. 
iy. RMoraie your one as home, 
restaurant, etc. DtsS 2816 



& houses available. 
£200 • £3,000 pw. 
Personal Service. 

01-458 3680 or 
anytime (T). 

SHORT LET UB 20m sent. FJai In 
Norland Square wit Mr 1-2 
people. Modem and fully fur- 
nished. £90 p.w. TefcOl 997 
1706 eves. 


Kmstngtoa. ON T.V. 24 hr Sw 
BO. Telex. Cod Ingham Apts. Oi- 
573 6300. - 

luxury — we m fun, 

central London from £326 pw. 
Mag Town Hse Apts 573 3453 



eCONVCVANCINe by fully quail- 
fled Souellort £160 + VAT and 
standard OBbursementa ring 
0244 319398. 


C 2 $ per oz up to paid for diver 
ankle*. £250 per <n for gold, 
urgmity wanted any dfamond 
fewedery Mr Hart 01-960 
BOSO or Wriir 361 Harrow 
Road. London. W9. All England 

wauled Tci 01 223 




1 per i 


dainf the t«y day Uiev were 
horn £1260 0492 31903. 
Me dHb etc Naltanwkfc- 
Whmn. Tet KM8O1 880039 

KATfMXin Anynrai IncLcs 
Mtv Govern Gdn. Startighi Exp. 
Lad NIMH Of 1 hr Proms. 01 838 
1678 Major rreda cards. 
CATS, CHESS, Les Mis. AU the- 
alre and sport. TM 439 1763. 
An roafor credit cat. 




Wool ma Bettors from £3.85 per 
sq yd + VAT. 80% wool Heavy 
Domestic Wfton £1M5 per sq yd 
+ VAT. Ccrtnjtosl Ms £875 p« 
sq yd + VAT & many othv great 

' 548 Fidbm Hud. 
PMttes Grees, SW6. 
Tol: 01-736 7551 

Ito stearin - Bqari RSag. 



SOHCDMAVED Grand Plano. 
No 46466 oxrrllenl rood. 
£14150. TetOI 670 3639. 


On in IV ceaucilons on over 
100 now a miored (resin*- 
nut! Is. Lnrttallrd afier salts 
■ecvke Free caukigue. 3oa 
Hlghgalr- Rd, NWfi. 01-367 
7671. F ree catalogue. 
BCCHSTEfN grand. ExcHInil 
tondUlon. RtBeuowl Ml. 
£5000 ono Ol 586 4981 

HAMPSTEAD otKctmudmd tuny 
i umidted flat. 1 double. 1 stoole 
bedrm. Hung m. kitchen, 
bauirm. central heating, i year 
£136 pw Tel: 01-436-5069 

owners friendly Itaufe. Clave 
Finsbury Park ONccMUHy * 
Victoria IliKtU. £40DW + HIM. 
Jennifer Stain 589 6371 X 298 
dav. 609 2368 evg. 

ML tor rKmiMUr prof over 38. 
own TV. dog loser. £43, pw 
ncl. Tel ^62 6885 after 2pm. 
Wru mull Introductory service. 
Pise let for appf: 01-689 6491. 
315 arompfon Read. SW3 
HHTSs- Furntshed rooms In super 
lux hse. Share kitchen / bath. 
CM L60/E75 excl. Serviced 
weekly. T«:01 -486-1608. 
SWL2 2 persons. N/S. M/F lb 
share large double rmH Shared 
flat. 2 mins lube. Cl 30 Don ea 
ek Cl. 673 4471 alter 7.00 pm. 
SW1L. M/F. Attractive toe with 
grtri. All mod com. Own large 
dMr rm + use of nsc in France. 
£300 prm Inc. 238 9613 Evea 
6WL2. Prof r/M 26 + 10 share 
spacious gdn rhu. Own large 
room. C/K. 5 mins ruho/BR. 
£45 pw excl. Tel: 01 676 7009 
MU Prof f. nft. o/r. cottage, 
r/h. gdn. 5 nuns lube. £140 
pent ewl. Toi 01-874 6696 

MIL F. nfs. own room. CH. an 
machines, cleaner, gdn. Bfl 2 
mins. Cl 83 p c. M Ind. Tel 630 
9864 DAY: 947 231 1 EVES. 
room in house with gdn for well 
educated male non smoker. £40 
PW. 01602 2664 after 2»re. 
CM & W 1 gin to share room In 
rosy flat. Non smoker. I year. 
Cl 40 prm + bins- 684 7248. 
FULHAM Prof. f. share rial. o/r. 
all madrons. £65 PW Inn Ol 
731 6775 monUnm/pic* 

1 mile mMas no. Luxury 
nuhianrilr unHe rm N/S 30 +. 
£60 p.w cwl. lef 01-223 2604. 
OVAL Prof Male. N/S. lo share 
well eqtnpcd flat. 5 mins lube. 
CleOorm. TeL-OL 682 2309 
KCXtt r/M. o/r. ige friendly rera- 
roilaMe house. Prof. 2S+, n/s 
£143 prm. Tel £>16590636 
SWSCin wonlfd. to stir sunny 2 
bed nal O/R. £65 or £66 pw 
Ind. TM:01 731 3988 
5W2 Voting prof r to share flat. 
O/R. nil amenities. £185 prm 
excl 831 7765 0. 671 7239 h. 
SW19 M/F 25+ snare CH Gdn 
rial N/S. O/R nr Tune £35 pw 
ewl. 01 6426866 aft 6 pm 
*W G Prof M to Share large ftai. 

Large single room. £63 p.w. Tel 
— OL 373 JT473 tAftcr lKet - 
sw» near lube. 3rd Mil N/S to 
share C/H nai. O/R. £106 pan. 
580 0191 lOam 650pm. 

luv ftai C46 pw exrt. Nr lube. 
381 4133 KaUe Or 603 1587. 


. rC\l LA 

- ‘ ' > 

a wdttmWdnhfl IdL hid 
POOL BO. E/Pn*. Gar 26- Date 
FttgcUM.M. £80000 009, 
1020(0 76606S 

OJjEwyjihF gome of toe beat 

mrmwv. 8»nda week ». 

M our private hnaeii 
notoL Bmp a mtk cruktnu oa 
"F yacht tor £420. uic nr. 

POM. Ol 326 1006. 

WWtWrOB OH fltahteAwto 

“Sgnw Tr»v*t 01-730 


jniaum. kn 

Tfastt 60. Rad Lion ST. WO, 
Ol 406 1496. ABTA/1A-I7L 

Bata TraveL Td 01 38S 6414. 

CtnP njMTI Wortdwtda. 
Haymarfcet 01430 1366. 

01-434 0734 duetto- Travel 



Wb «b always able to aftr 

grtoB, PBXOS (TbBSday 
IW PDftuguoat Algann 
ESJf «ss (Thuraday 

*• magical pa- 
ttzzo bebnonto far Oct 1 
Mak ixS. h ysu Trent tho 
v mtm B im price*, aak tor 

£2J n, * nn - 


CV Trawl fn 


an BW (Btocfan Z4 In) 

Art Atm 

LUXURY VILLAS with doom and 
saffstti avau. South of France. 
MPcbeUa. Alpar w . wwfndie*. 
Oonttoontol VlUasOI 24S91B1. 




Dense. « MAras. 3 batos. 
ddok*. run oo» CH. dDt garage. 

If you hpk« qrtBtv 
proparty 10 he to! tot 




85 “C- Front apolkr wu toe 
lamps, low bar. frtmi and roar 
tamp orlkL row non ooras. 
1X000 mum Offer* growl 
£l&80a Tat 0636 61384. 

Rag me 84. idtOOO mb. S dr 
-fl/R. mbml Lady owmr. 
Bwnac. B4JS 60. 08904 5417. 



U.T£ Open SBL 07B38ST03S. 

UP OfttT FAKE to LL&A. Mi 
tor Travel Ol 4869237. IAT A. 

MALAOA. CANAm*. Ol 441 
mi. Travetwieo. AMa. AML 

MOROCCO. 189 Regent sl Wi. 
Td 01 734 S307/ABTA. 

S FADL Portugal Cheapeat fares. 
WOBtoL 01 735 8191. ATOL. 

SWnjU WV ANh scheduled nUflfiB 
01-724 2388 ABTA ATOL 

flights 6ft. Bto £485 Lima 
£495 rtn. ADO Small camup 
HoUday Journeysjeg Peru 
from £350) JLA Ol -747-3100 
USA. & America. Mid and rer 
East S Africa. Tmyvaie. «8 
Manant Street. Wl. Ol 880 
2928 (Visa Accepted) 
DISCOUNTS iR/ECttnony Hcfc- 
dl. T» « tea. FLIGHT- 
BOOKERS 01-387 9100. 

Acreag/vm accepted. 
tone* on cnarier/sctiedutod nw. 
Mol Flight Ol 631 0167. Adi 
AMI 1893. 


Sept/Od avaUabdfty 10923) 
771266. Tlnoway HdHdays. 
ABTA ATOL 1107. 

LOW COST rucKTS. Most Euro- 
pean deetuioaona. Vatoxand er 
01-402 4262/0062 ABTA 

61004 ATOL 1960 
magic Prices. Flights A 
holidays. Freedom Mondays. 
01-741 4686. ATOL 432. 
Worldwide cheapest fans. 
Rktoaond TtovoL 1 Duke fit 
tUchmond ABTA 01 -940 4073. 


TM SEA*86 eerfed 8JSOO ok Ri- 
ver. BBS fTOol and rear spofler. 
£19.000 OMMtXjOl 57S 6643. 




Nos. Lowest tom it- £99. 
Biggies. 736 Bl»l. Aid 1893. 

al roUagee. sips 4/10, 30/8 + 
Seal £160 D-w. 0226 336761. 




Cksato^orious beaches. 



Rfcntood Tutorial college Ol- 
940 8273. 

sington BAG C3F£ 01-370 6739 
■O- and ‘A’ levels. Top results. 


-leveK/ages O/A levels CSC re- 
vrtpn 01-436 2910. 


A BETTED CHANCE af A 3 O lev- 
ett af todeucndeal colleges. 
Advice FREE. Pajern&fJi-r. 
Stole 1. 1 Milton Rd. Cambridge 

CODFU VILLAS. We rim have 
avaftabDKy 7 Sent tor 2 was. 
Beautiful villas nr the beach ex 
Gatwtck. Pan World Mondays- 
01 734 2662 

Ribbon Fares. Tel! 01 637 7863 
D. AFRICA From £466. 01-684 
7371 ABTA. 


zwbg ZArt sa*r 

UrapaR kah Snk hk. MM 
Badris. BDqs & Bop 


30 AUG 6.U2B SffT-OCT 
Rse w/L tanks, npati load, ires 
tons. CfctejHarfs 2 * or 4* ka- 
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Mu A reNMp hoWtf* tar efet- 
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LUMRSCAPE Ain. 1933 

01-441 0122 

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ALOADVE. Lux villas with pools 
A Ml. Avau SriVOd. 01 409 
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MARDELLA. Lux vmas wtth 
pools & HMS. Aug to OcL Ol 409 
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properties from 
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Personal Service. 

01-458 3680 or 
anytime (T). 


I i» itafiud Part am. «a 
Mb Htfi BnAms. M. 
Btfan to m vims hum Dw 
Umiy pamboun masoonne. 3 
bedrooms, 2 ffahrooms. reap- 
bon, 1/1 ut wtti bmtba tar, 
fang area, tamos. 

CO fall |f + £360 pw. 
TO; 01-229 9966. , 

rey. Large detarhed house and 
pom. LasMhty orcorated. 4 
Beds. 3 rer. 2 offlrr * gdn room. 
3 baihs. garden and garage. 
Fum/unnim. £3^00 prm. 
Home From Home Ol 946 

RMWRTSRiaoac octigwrui mod 
2 dbto bed rial In prestige block. 
2 MUn plus laruzzL rocep. 
riudy/dirtfng room. German Ml 
au mactunes. porter a wn + 
keys loom ale Sguare gdns. Co 
long let £600 pw Coddard 6 
Snklh 01 930 7321 

UKESTCR SQ Sboerb newly 
dec and turn 5Ut llr l bed ftai m, 
modern mock with un/portrr in 
Ihe heart of uie west end Large 
recent. Hied bauirm. nurd luirh 
w«h w/machine. CH. ckw. 
Iremondous value at only £160 
pw. 936 9612 tlX 


Belgravia fluff A houses re- 
gutted tor American Companies 
from £200-£2.000pw. High cal- 
ibre properties also availatue 
»ow. Burgess Estate Agents 


Sydney E455 £755 

Auckland 2415 £745 

JoBurg 2306 £499 

Bangkok £209 £355 

Cabo £135 

New York £139 

Los Angetes £216 




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Angela WUUamt Ol 268 3669, 

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park office- 01-386 9882. 
Niglmle. Modem fWnHy house 
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Living area. 4 beds, raeoter Inc. 
shower rm. polio gdn. garage, 
£820 noil Tefc 01-267-0245 or 

house, newly convened. 1 Q. 
beds i4 dbtei. Fuhy furntshed. 
with gdn. C/n ana sauna. Gom- 
gtrie M only, suit company or 
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bed. 2 bath nouse in pretty 
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7 mow Victoria/ N orther /i ime. 
se gran at with patio. 1 dMe 
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LON* LET* far tanuues. Ouamy 
3 bedroom houses Swig, £145 
■ £360 pw. Furnished/ unfur- 
nished. Home From Home: Ol 
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rtmirr wn—i ninn am. a 

bedroom flats. Company and 
Private lets. £110 - £200 pw. 
Home From Home: oi 946 

W2 OvertoMdrm Hyde DarX. Pret- 
ty 1 bed. I reeepL k A b. In 
block with Ul i/porier. ro let. 
Only £130 dw inc CH and 
CHW. 936 9612 CO. 
BAMFCTKAD FamBy hse. 6 beds. 

2 bath. 2 re«p, large hll/dlner. 
garden, Heath 60 yd*. One year 
£350 D W. Tot: 267 4881, 
rial. Dbte bed. Lrgr reeep. KU. 
batn. nauo. 6 months +. £140 
D W. Trt AiO 1333/370 6919 
KRtCSDUmr NW* Detached 3 
bed house. Sri eel road, fully 
furn. gch. long or company leE 
£X46pw. No Agent*. 868 6890 
LARGE SELECTION of flats and 
houses in Wimbledon area tor 
long ro/nnvaie lets. Home 
From Home Ol 946 9447. 






LMttof ftMSinjtnuai 



Superior properties 
for kxig/short Co lets. 

01-458 3680 or 
0836 592824 
anytime (T). 


Modem 2 bed fiat in gardon 
swin g, ctoae elation - 12 
mins City. We* furnished/ 
equppod, C/H. £110 pw. 
Rets required. 

Tel: H.H.M. on 
(0438) 367891 

F.W, OAFF iManaoemenl See 

HENRY A MMES Contort u* now 
on 01-2358861 tor (lie MSI se- 
lection of furnished fiat* and 
honors to rent in Kmghtsbridgr. 
Chelsea and Kensington <Tj 

KEMHNCTON Wrought and soa- 
rtous 3 bed iMMonae. 2 
iwpllons. kU plus an ma- 
chine*. hath ana cloak. £325 
pw F.W. Capp 01-221 8838 

*Wfl 2nd Door tangly flaL Spa- 
rious recrpL lge dining rm. 3 
bed*- 1 with ensuUe Shower. 
2nd baiii. large kUrti/bta rm. 
£326 pw. Comes 828 8251. 

CHELSEA Superb refurMOied 
town bouse with garage- 5 beds,- 
6 oalhs. 3 new. Fun details 
935 9612 UK 

SWIS/Putney bdr* Enchanting 
sunny Edw we. 3 beds, garden. 
6/12 month*. £226 p.w Co M. 
0243 672 300. 


Law Report August 26 1986 

Binding a future 
council on housing 

A charming nawly mod 6th llr 
tot to malfant bfatfa 2 bads, 
bah. tocapL ML ML porter, 
tang lot £250 pw inc CH. 
DodphtM wrt decoratad 5th 
"r w 2 bads. bath. dot*, 
nwept ML (ft . porter, gas, 
loop fat £300 pw 
01 724 3100 

Regina v Hammersmith and 
Fu lham London Boroogh 
Council, Ex parte Beddowes 
Before Lord Justice Fox. Lord 
Justiccr Kerr and Sir Denys 

[Judgment given July 3!] 

A local authority did not 
impose an unlawful fetter on its 
powers by entering into cov- 
enants restricting its future use 
of hs housing estate. 

The Court of Appeal, by a 
majority (Lord Justice Kerr 
dissenting) dismissed, in a re- 
served judgment, an appeal by 
Doreen Beddowes, a resident of 
Fulham Court. Fulham, from a 
decision of Mr Justice 
Schiernann in an application for 

the appeal was really based upon 
the contention that the cov- 
enants fettered the councirs 
discretion to deal with the 
retained land and were had 

The first question in relation 
to that contention was whether 
the council was entitled to 
impose on its retained land 
covenants which were restric- 
tive of iis user of that land. 

Fulham Court was “land ac- 
quired or appropriated by the 
council for the purposes or Pan 
V of the Housing Act 1957. It 
was now held by the council tor 
the purposes of Pan II of the 
Housing Act 1985. 

Section 104 of the 1957 Act 

judicial review of a decision of (now incorporated in section 32 
the housing policy committee of of the 1985 Act) authorized a 






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Hammersmith and Fulham 
London Borough Council 
concerning a sale of pan of 
Fulham Conn to Barrens, the 

Leave was given to appeal to 
the House of Lords. 

Mr Andrew Arden and Miss 
Caroline Hunter for the ap- 
plicant; Mr Raymond KidwcU, 
QC. and Mr Joseph Harper for 
Barrens; Miss Elisabeth Laing 
tor the council. 

isabeth Laing 

that the application was for(i) 
an order of certiorari to quash a 
decision of the committee which 
authorized the borough valuer 
to conclude the sale of Block A. 
Fulham Court, on terms which 
included covenants restricting 
the future use of Blocks B-J. 

! Fulham Court, and (2) an 
injunction restraining the coun- 
cil from entering into a contract 
for the sale of Block A on those 

Fulham Court was built in 
1933 and was owned by the 
council. It consisted of 372 flats 
in Blocks A-J together with an 
open space. All the blocks were 
in a very bod state of repair and 
were much in need of renova- 
tion and improvement. 

Prior to the local government 
elections on May S, 1986 the 

local authority to dispose of 
"land" held for housing. 

Under Schedule 1 to the 
Interpretation Act 1978 “land" 
included **any estate interest 
easement servitude or right in or 
over land". 

It seemed, therefore, that a 
local authority could, with the 
consent of the minister, create 
restrictive covenants over its 
Pan v and Pan 11 land (see 
section 32(2) of the 1985 Act) 

Power to create restrictive 
covenants did not. however, 
resolve the question whether the 
covenants constituted an unlaw- 
ful fetter. 

It was clear that a local 
authority could not in general 
make declarations of policy 
binding on a future council. A 
council could not extinguish 
statutory powers in that way. 
But it might be able to do so by 
the valid exercise of other 
statutory powers. 

If a statutory power was 
lawfully exercised so as to create 
legal rights and obligations be- 
tween the council and third 
parties, the result would be that 
the council tor the time being 
was bound even though that 
hindered or prevented the ex- 
ercise of other statutory powers. 

What their Lordships were 
concerned with in the present 

council was controlled by a- case were overlappii or 
group which, politically, was conflicting powers. There was a 
predominantly Conservative power to create covenants 

3fin* hW F i.ijSS. m r?2 Ur r° f rcstrictive ° r thc u* of retained 
f 1111 ? ™ h r am ^- ourt f° r land: and there were powers in 
development for owner occupa- relation to the useTof the 
U{ ”?- . retained land for housing 

» n ^ose circumstances, it was 
opposed to that, principally on necessary to ascertain for what 

i^5oh? U th?riSSlirtS^ P ur P° se *he retained land was 

involve the destruction of an held. All other powers were 
entire Community on the estate subordinate to the main nnnw 

entire community on tne estate subordinate to the main power 
and that the local shortage of I0 ^ oul ^ pnmary pur- 
rented housing was such that the pose. ? 

mScceotabit 2 COuncil was The purpose for which the 
tnoi .t, i, Fulham Court estate was held 
. 1° November 1 983 the hous- by jb e council was the provision 
mg policy committee resolved 0 f housing accommodation in 
to recommend to the council the district, 
that subject to the required The councirs policy in rda- 
consultation with tenants taking liorf 10 ^ estate reemed to be 
place, the committee be au- consistent with that purpose, 
thonzed to dispose of Fulham h ^ tnjc lhal ^ policv was 
Court on terms to be approved designed to produce corner 
by tne committee. occupancy and not rented 

The matter came before a toll > accommodation. Historically, 
meeting of the council, which local authority housing had 
adopted it by a narrow margin, been rented. But a substantial 
On November 19, 1985, the inroad upon that was made by 
committee resolved that the Pan I of the Housing Act 1980. 
borough solicitor be authorized which gave municipal tenants 
to include a scheme of cov- the right to purchase their 
enants in the transfer docu- dwellings. 

the circumstances it did 
su ^^^ ent K ans ^ JT | of Blocks B not seem that a policy which 
to H in order to facilitate the was designed to produce good 
implementation of the Fulham, accommodation for owner- 
court venture . occupiers was now any less 

Barratis, a firm of private within the purposes of the 
developers, offered £670.150 for Housing Acts 1957-1985 than 
Block A, They offered to sell half the provision of rented housing, 
the flats at a low-cost price of Their Lordships were not 
£40,000 and proposed to offer dealing with a policy for provid- 
the other half at market price, ing highly expensive housing 
The committee resolved that the but of owner accommodation at 

offer be accepted. 

It was the resolution of 
November 19 of wbich judicial 
review was sought. 

Before the judge the applicant 

apparently reasonable prices. 

If the purpose for which the 
power to create restrictive cov- 
enants was being exercised 
could reasonably be regarded as 

regard to relevant consid- 
erations: (4) irrationality. 

The council appeared and was 
represented but Barratis were 
■not a party. Thc judge dismissed 
the application. 

Political control of the council 
changed after the local govern- 
ment elections. On the appeal, 
the case was argued by counsel 
on behalf of the applicant and 
Barretts. The council took no 
pan in the argument. 

The applicant's principal 
argument was that the cov- 
enants imposed an unlawful 
fetier upon the councirs powers 
as a housing authority. 

As a preliminary consid- 
eration, it was necessary to be 
clear as to what the council was 
doing and why. 

The result of the covenants 
was that, apart from persons 
having statutory rights of occu- 

A1J the powers exercisable for 
the achieving of the statutory 
objects in relation to the land 
and the honest and reasonable 
exercise of a power for that 
purpose could not properly be 
regarded as a fetter upon an- 
other power given for the same 

There was something to be 
said for the view that so long as 
the council retained Part V land 
it should retain all the powers 
which the statute gave in rela- 
tion to that land. 

Thai was simple and logical. 
But it was too inflexible and 
took no account of the diffi- 
culties of administering such an 
estate as Fulham Court. 

The argument based on fetier. 
would be rejected. 

It was further submitted that 
the council did not comply with 
its statutory obligations as to 

pancy the dwellings in the consultation. But. on the tons, 
blocks, were only to be let on that ground of challenge also 
long leases at premiums of not failed. 

long leases at premiums of not failed. 

ISfnnrt^ni £JD ' 000 “ S l0W 1-ORD JUSTICE KERR. 

a ^^"ting, said that the right 

fn condusitm that the decision 
“f! to conlracl Wl 'tii Barretts for the 

J5JS2 h 5 n( ,^ development of Block A subject 

to tiie covenants was an un- 
rcasonable art<1 impermissible 
exercise of the powers and 
factions of a housing authority 
i pI Sf m ft2S 5 f fr fre H 'ednestmry sense. 

predominant motivation 
10 fettcr tile polical aspects 

S?<Sd 2 dta e iS?SS ! .u sJJLJl-g 1 J-S 3 p S y ‘E 

along with day-to-day re 

which were not cost effective or which^wt^e reasonably" 

Ksrsssars — 

housing policy for reasons 
which were reasonably nec- 

1983 that the cost would be 
about £8 million, an amount the 
council felt was too large for it. 


The -council therefore, over a agreeing with Lord Justice Fox, 
period, developed a polin' for said lhat, if a statutory authority 
dealing with the problem. It was acting in good toitfa in the proper 
a coherent policy which was not and reasonable exercise of its 
manifestly unreasonable. statutory powers undertook 

There might be sharp dif- some binding obligation, the 
ferences of opinion as to the feet that such obligation might 
respective merits of owner thereafter preclude the authority 
occupation and municipally from exercising some other 
rented housing but the council's statutory power or from cxercis- 
policy as formulated could not fog its statutory powers in some 
be struck down as unreasonable other way could not constitute 
within the Wednesbury prm. an impermissible fetter on its 

ciples ({ 1 948J 1 KB 223). powers. 

The policy was defensible as it Any other view would involve 
stood since it was a rational that the doctrine against fetter- 
policy for the development of ing would itself involve a fetter 
the entire estate with guarantees on the authority’s capacity to 
by way of restrictive covenants exercise its powers properly and 
as to future user of the various reasonably as it thought fit from 
properties. That was quite usual time to time. 

in relation to a development of a 
single estate. 

The attack as developed on 

time to ume. 

Solicitors: Alan Edwards & 
Co; Lewis Silk in; Mr C T. 
Mahoney, Hammersmith. 



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*fe. e . boycotts and the rain, the European athletics championships promise superb action and good weather 

Coe’s chance to prove himself again why sport must 

From Pat Butcher 
Athletics Correspondent 

.. Hie fourteenth European 
. championships, which begin 
’ here today in the Nectar 
. stadium, come like the cream 
.’after the hitler pill of the 
boycotted - and rain-swept 
Commonwealth Games in 
Edinburgh last month. The 
rain is promising a repeat 
performance here, although 
V thereis more chance of getting 

s * " ■'t^sas.v 

' V 

• .v 'V 

** Art * * *. 

... 30 degrees C than in Ectin- 

• But the competitive pros- 
pects are for more sunny. With 
; .*;*>■; all 34 countries in the Euro- 
.* =l.'v pean Athletic Association 
'*• represented, stretching from 

,o. the athletics giants of the 
: ■ v< Soviet Union and East Ger- 
7^,. many to San Marino, 
Liechtenstein and Luxem- 

■ burg, and including the other 

f . ’ survivors from the Edinburgh 

. ',‘■‘25* deluge, the Commonwealth 

cousins from Cyprus; plus 
■'v( « Turkey, whose bit of the 
country on this side of the 
‘ /\ • \ Bosporus apparently qualifies 
' r '< them for Europe. 

The lower standard of oom- 
R\ , petition in the Cbznmon- 

wealth; particularly in the field 
" *!-.*■ and women's events, always 
kr^ivl paints a false picture of inter- 
^ national competitive strength 
‘ ** when Britons win a hatful of 
‘ "i '- u medals, as they did in Edin- 
’■ burgh. None the less, medal 

: 1 prospects here are as good as 
.they have been since Athens in 
, . t “'1969 when British athletes 
;7.-won six gold and 17 medals 

■ *- “altogether. 

'^T pPv . . *< 

v ' * * 



■*-sr* British traditional strengths 
• \ ■■ have been the middle and long 

distances, and although the _ 

United Kingdom did not com- of British; Daley Th 

r- iv P ete ‘ . in J he - jural holders of European titles, 
--V championships in .Turin in Daley Thompson in the 
1934, British athletes still decathlon, and Steve Cram in 
have the best overall record in fte 1,500 metres ftriple- 
: the 800, 1,500, 5,000, 10,000 jumper Keith Connor has 
metres and (he marathon. And retired) are favourite to win 
. ' that success is likely to con- again. And Cram has taken a 
tinue with Steve Cram and second option on gold by 
Sebastian Coe (800/1,500 me- entering the 800 metres as 

Fern er did not even make the 
West German team this tiro*. 
but his colleagues, Peter Braun 
and Mathias Assmann, are 
closest on paper to Cram and 
Coe, with McKean filth on 
this year's ranking. 

not be made 
the scapegoat 

«._ . ... It has become ail too 

^sbio^ble for commentators 
race as his motivation for to attack sport on the gnMmds 

these championships, Thomp- that, in the words of one of 

son expects to get his impetus them last week, it “generates 
pom the home crowd's back- nothing bnr mutual hatred at 

ing of his three principal 
opponents. Jurgen Hingsen, 
Siggi Wentz and Guido 

Kratschmer. The diminutive 
Thompson (in comparison) 
has cast a giant shadow over 
the three statuesque West 
Germans in the past eight 
years since his painful defeat 
in these championships by 
AlexandrGrebeniukin Prague 
in 1978. Realistically. Thomp- 
son would have to fail com- 
pletely in one of his 10 events 
not to win his eighth gold 

EES* r— 7—*;;-^- 

■*? ^ *v , v: . 

"T&. ~ 

Fatima Whitbread, one of 
three women over 70 metres 
in the javelin, needs to re- 
establish her competitive 
worth and dignity after her 
breakdown when losing the 
Commonwealth title to Tessa 
Sanderson, who with- 
drawn from the championship 
with an ankle injury. Zola 
Budd is gening back into 
medal form, and w01 be 
helped in the 3,000 metres by 
the absence of Ingrid 
Kristiansen, since the heats 
now clash with the 10,000 
metres, at which Mrs 
Kristiansen is the outstanding 

every lever. On the opening 
day of the European athletics 
championships, 1 must fake 
issue with them. We can 
expect, for example, that 
Messrs Ferner, Braun and 
Assmann. of the Federal Ger- 
man Republic, and Basse and 
MogaUe, of the Democratic 
Republic, will be de- 
monstrably more sociable be- 
fore and after the 800 metres 
than are their political masters 
on either side of the Berlin 

Regrettably, the many un- 
wholesome aspects of sport, 
such as the deaths in Brussels 
and recent hooliganism in 
Amsterdam, the political boy- 
cotts and self-evident cheating 
with drugs, persuade intelli- 
gent commentators on our way 
of life, such as leader writers in 
The Spectator last week, to 
condemn all sport. 

It is manifestly unfair, not tv 
say illogical, to make no 
distinction between those who 
seek to exploit sport - spec- 
tators who are maladjusted 
social misfits and politicians — 
and those who play sport; or 
between professional and ama- 
teur sport. 

David Miller 

Cram may be favourite for 

Best of British; Daley Thompson (left) and Steve Cram defend their decathlon and 1,500 metres titles in Stuttgart 

holders of European tides, 
Daley Thompson in the 
decathlon, and Steve Cram in 
tbe 1,500 metres (triple- 

injury which has curtailed his 
training in the past two weeks. 
But his five races in six days 
here constitute a very different 
proposition to Edinburgh. 

two gold medals, but Heike 
Drechsler, of East Germany, 
could top that and break two 
world records as wdl as win 
two gold medals. Mrs 
Drechsler is tbe outstanding 
fovourite to win the long 
jump, for which she is the 
world record holder, and her 
form this season indicates that 
she could break that record, 

again. And Cram has taken a 
second option os gold by 
entering the 800 metres as 

For not only is the overall 
m petition of a higher stan- 

tres for both), Steve Ovett, if well, in an attempt to repeat 
.he is fit to run, Tim Hutchings his Commonwealth double. 

and Jack Buckner (5,000 me- 
v, : ties), and Steve and Hugh 
A ... Jones and ASister Hunon 

. ?* Of the three current British 

Cram's quest for further 
gold has found him. torn 
between the podium and the 
therapist's table. But he main- 
tains that he is over the calf 

competition of a higher stan- 
dard, promising faster and 
more exhausting beats, but 
Coe is over the illness which 
forced his withdrawal from 
Edinburgh, and the Britons' 
confrontation in both 800 and 
1,500 metres is one of the 
highlights of these 

The saga begins today with 
the 800 metres heats at 7.40 
BST. It would be invidious to 
ignore the foreign opposition 
(as well as the British third 
man, Tom McKean, whose 
fast finish would threaten 
anyone in a slow race) as this 
event has proved on the last 
two occasions, with the little- 
known Oiaf Beyer taking out 
favourites, Ovett and Coe, in 
tbe last few strides in 1978, 
and Hans-Peter Ferner doing 
the same to Coe in 1982. 

But such is the authority 

that Cram brings to bis races, 
even at this shorter distance in 
the Iasi two years, it is difficult 
to see anything other than 
further injury laying him low. 
His 1 min 43_22sec in cold and 
windy conditions in Edin- 
burgh is the fastest in the 
world this year, and his times 
for 800 and 1,500 metres, both 
one second foster than Coe, 
are more indicative of current 

Scheming some 
gunpowder plot 

Mrs Drechsler is also a 
strong contender for the 200 

ability titan that Coe is world * metro, at which she shares the 
record-holder for the 800 me- ‘ world record after taking up 

ties (1:41.73), and Olympic 
champion in the 1,500 metres. 

sprinting seriously only at the 
beginning of the season. 

Men and women 
chasing gold 


'Pat Batcher analyses the com- 
V petition for tbe top events 

, Pok Vault 
The most spectacular nvant hi 
[track and field, featuring one of the 
. greatest competitors in the 

sport Sergey Bubka of the Soviet 
’"Untofi. tfie woridrecord holder 
■ '-'with 6.01 metres. Bubka's closest 
- ‘competitors are die 


Looks like the Italian 
championships, there are so many 
of them running K so weU. But 
only three per country are alowed, 
yet Alberto Cova, the 
outstanding favourite, peaking 
again at the right tone as he dm 
for the preyioiis trtie. then the world 
and Olympic titles, and 
Salvatore Antbo and .Stefano Met 
could win ail three medals. 


metes onty) 


V Bryzgin (USSR), 

TRIPLE JUMP: 1 , K Markov (Bui), 
17-80metrea; 2, N Musiyenko 

56.7 sec: 2, T Samoienko 

mOM: 1. V Bryzgin (USSR). 
10.03sec; 2. L Christie (GB), 10.04; 
3, A Richard (Fra), 10.09; 4, N 
Yushmanov (USSR), 10.10; S, T 
Schroder (EG), 10.10. 

(USSR), 17.78; 3. O Protsento 
(USSR) 17.50; 4, M Bruziks (USSR) 
17.54i (17.10): 5. D Gamlin (EG). 

3:50.45; 3, M Puica (Rom). 3.-59.62; 
4, R Agletdinova (USSR), 3:59.84; 5, 
L Kremteva (USSR), 4-.01 SI. 

3, DOOM; 1, 1 Kristiansen (Nor), 8 min 
34.1 Osac 2. Z Budd (GBL 834.43; 
3. T Samoienko (USSR), 8:36.00; 4, 
D Metinte(Rom), 837.11; 5, M Puica 
(Rom). 837.84. 

2W*fc Equal 1 ,T Bennett (GS),- 
20J50sec; R lubke (WG), 20.50; A 
Yeygenyev (USSR). 20.50; 4, L 
Chnstie(GB). 2051; 5, A Wells (GB), 
2053; 6 , A Fyodorov (USSR), 2051 

400M: 1 , R Lubke (WG), 44.98sec; 2, 
R Black (GB), 4550; 3. T Schoniebe 

SHOT: 1 , U Beyer (EG). 2254me- 
tresr2. U Timmermann (EG), 22.60; 
3, S Smirnov (USSR). 22i<k 4, A 
Andrei (it). 22.06; 5, W Gunthor (Swj) 

Andrei (It). 22.1 

DISCUS: 1 .J Schuit (EG). 74.08 me- 

HWJOMfc 1. i Kristiansen (Nor). 
30nvn I3.74sec; 2. A Cunha (Pori, 
31^9.41; 3, L Lynch (GB). 31:41.42; 
4, S GuskOvafliSSRL 3156.66; 5, Y 
Zhupiyeva (USSR), 315750. 

MARATHON: 1 , G Waltz (Nor), 2 hr 

, , Z Frenchmen, TWerry Vigneron and 
Phkippe CoBet. and Bubka's 
young compatr io t. Rodion 
" " SalauBin, who had the temerity 

■ : * to attempt 652 metres in Zurich 
' recently.- 

100 and 200 m 

. Cjjj - European sprinting has been 
_ languishing in recent years, one of 
; * Hie reasons why Allan WeBs, 

— '.v the. 1980 Olympic ;T00 metres 
• champion, is stffl in contention 

In his Wffsof! oT the Wizard shorts. 
MwiarjWorofwi, the Pofish 
: veteran, is running well, too. But 
• LWord Christie, who broke 
- Wells' UK record this season, is 

110m hurdles 

Cofin Jackson, agBd 19, of 
Wales, not only looks like the world 
record-holder. RenakSo 
Nehemiah. but his hudllng is taking 
him down the same track 
towards that work) record. Jackson 
won the world Junior 
championship, finished second in 
the Commonwealth Games, 
and should get a medal here, too. 

(EG). 45.01: 4. W Schersing (EG), 
45.19; 5, P Brown (GBL 45 A . 

45.19; 5, P Brown (GB), 453. . 
BOOM: 1 , S Cram (GB), imin 
433sec; 2, P Braun (WG), 1^44.03; 
3, S Coe (GB): 1:44.10; 4, M 
Assmann (WG). 1:4459; 5, T 
McKean (WG), 1:4450. 

1500WL- 1, J Abascal (Sp). 3mtn 

24mtn 54saer2, C Beurskens (Hoi). 
257-55; 3 , K Dorre PEG), 2333; 4, 
K Szabo (Hun). 25051; 5. A f 

m (GBL imin 86.04; 3, G Rodehau (1 
n (WG). 1:44.03; B VilutkJs (USSR). . 
1:44.10; 4, M Ploghaus (WG), 8152. 

31.l3sec; 2, J-L Gonzalez (Sp), 
35250; 3. S Cram (GBL 3:33.06; 4, 
S Coe (GS), 3:3452; 5, F O'Mara 


100m hurdles 

Child-bearing potential gives 
woman the greater pehnc mobffity 
which makes them far more 
fluid than men at this event Yet 
Jordsnka Donkova's leading 

S Coe (G 8 ), 3:3452; 5, F O'Mara 
(he), 355.04. 

5, DOOM: 1 , P Deleze (Swi), 13m in 

B VilutkJs (USSR). 8158; 5, K 
Ploghaus (WG), 8152. 

JAVEUN: 1. V Yevsyukov (USSR), 
83.68m etres; 2, D Michel PEGL 
8352; 3, Heino Puuste (USSR), 
8340; 4. S KrdzaTic Of ug), 8358; 5, 
K Tafelmeier (WG), 82^. 

DECATHLON: 1, 0 Thompson (GBL 
8,667 points: 2 . S Wentz (WG), 
8590; 3. G Kratschmer (WG), 8519; 
4. J Hingsen (WG). 8,458; 5, U 
Freimuth (EG), 8522. 6 . G 
Degtyaryov (USSRL 8522. 

K Szabo (Hun), 25051; 5. A Sipka 
(Hun), 2:3151. 

100 M HURDLES: 1 . Y DonKova 
(Bui), 1259sec; 2. C Oschkerat 
(EG). 1250; 3, G Zaqorcheva (Bui), 
1255; 4, H Theeifl (EG). ^63; 5, K 
Knabe (EG), 12.64, 

400M KUROLES: 1, S Busch (EG), 
53.62sec; 2, M Stepanova (USSR). 
S3.81; 3, C Feuerbach (GDR), 5457; 
4, C Matei (RomL 5455; 5, A-L 
Skoglund (SweL 5458. 

of a bear-trap. The Bulgarian 
broke the worid recofdtwtce inside 

. Decathlon 

■ w ' The 'heavy goW medal event 
. , Siggi Wentz, German No. 1 this 
' ' r 'ytnr after beating Thompson's 
- _ perennial rival. Hingsen, comes 
*. from near Stuttgart But even 
with home support Wentz has less 
- chance of beating Thompson 
' than the famous rather ot 
'Stuttgart's mayor, Manfred 
Rommel, had of winning the war in 
the desert 

thinks she can bring it t 
here, from 1259 to 12.10. 

ing tVAVfir 

^J r9Bncy Jumping for gold: Heike 
inside Drechsler of East Germany 
.and is favourite to win the long 
vn further jump am) i$ also a strong 
contender for the 200 metres 

KLOOOM: 1 , H Kurae (EG), 27mln 
34.67S0C; 2, S Antibo (It). 2759.62; 

3, F Heine (EG). 27:4359; 4, S Mai 
fltt, 27:4357; 5. M Valnto (Fm). 

r, 4, S Mai 

HIGH JUMP: 1. S Kostadinova (Bull. 

2.08metres; 2. O Turchak (USSR). 

2.01: 3, K Stark (Hun), 1.98; 4. A sneer at the recent Friendly 

5 ’ L Kosrtsyna <USSR ^ inoffensive, peaceable compet- 

■ ftuf. - . u _ itors were prevented from 

2 ,' G aS^Sa P artici f» ti . Il 8 hy yostvn-tak- 

My colleague Bernard 
Levin, developing the maxim 
last week that ‘'sport is the 
continuation of war by other 
means”, suggests that all sport 
should be abolished. This i$ a 
quite common philosophy 
among intellectuals who breve 
little understanding or no in- 
terest in sport, which Mr 
Levin admits he has not He 
should have a chat with 
Professor Ayer. 

Because there is so much 
war in the world, is it not 
advantageous that sport 
should offer an alternative 
form of aggression, in which 
violent, competitive instincts 
may be, most of the time, 
agreeably sublimated? 
Though I cannot imagine that 
if, say, Steve Cram and Jhigen 
Hingsen were not involved in 
attempting to defeat Sebastian 
Coe and Daley Thompson they 
would be scheming some gun- 
powder plot 

What they are doing here in 
Stuttgart is not only a public 
spectacle preferable to the 
games of Beirut and Belfast, 
but representing an objective 
which can satisfy' and fulfil 
some of tiie human emotions, 
physical and mental, of vast 
numbers of the population 
incapable of appreciating the 
intellectual subtleties of Wag- 
ner, Proust, Keynes or Henry 

The fact that sport is war 
without bullets is why the 
politicians are so eager to use 
it for their own ends. It is 
nonsense for The Spectator to 

MARATHON: 1 . M Hofimann (EG), 
2hr fOirtn 27sec; 2, A Niemczak 

150:42; 4, E Andersen (Nor), 
15158; 5. Hartwig Gauder (EG). 

50KM WALK: 1. R Weigel (EG). 3hr 
38min 17sec; 2. R Salonen (Fm), 

(Pol), 2:1054; 2. V Sawvcki 
2:11:18; 3, C Wifczewski 

3:4256; 3. H Gauder (EG), 3: 
4, N Frolov (USSRL 3:48:00; 

. Berezhna 1 
Radtke (El 

J. 400m 

An example of how an event 
. cen suffer from an exceptional run, 
»•- '•■ in this case Lee Evans's 43.86 
set with the aid of altitude at the 
Mexico Olympics hi 1968. 

•- t . Rogar Black, Commonwealth 
- champion, and Derek 
■- . Redmond, UK record holder, are 
two young Britons contributing 
V .to tne resurgence of worid 400 
metres running. 

High jump 

In an event where there is so 
much potential for error, Stefka 
Kostadinova went almost 30 
competitions without defeat tost 
year. The Bulgarian has seta 
worid record ol 2.08 metres this 
season, and her defeat would 
be one of the major upsets of trie 



BBC1; 1U 

11.q5pm-11.55; BBC2: 
.0; ITV; 7.15pm-8.0 and 
11.40; CM: 450pnv6.0. 

2:1 1 54; 4, H Jo nes (GBL 2:1 1 :42. 
Dijck (BetL 8 mm 1152sec; 2. A 
Lambruscnini (It), 8:1851; 3, P 
Debacker(Frt, 8:1854; 4, R Pannier 
(FrL 8:18.82; 5, F Panetta (H), 

Meisch (EGL 3: 

4 x 100 M RELAY: 1 , Soviet Union 
3a 19 sbc; 2 , East Germany 38.60; 
3, Hungary. 38.67; 4. West Germany 
38-75; 5. France. 39.04. 

4 x 400M RELAY: 1 , Soviet Union 
3mm 0l55sec: 2, Britain 3:0156: 3. 
West Germany 3:04.70: 4, Hungary 
3:05.19; 5. Yugoslavia 35550. 


100M: 1. H Drechsler (EG), 1051 sec 
(I0.80w); 2, E KSSprzyk (Pofi, 1 0.93; 
3. SGladisch (EGL 1 056: 4, M Gorir 
(EG^ 11-02; 5, I Slyusar (USSR), 

20 0Mb 1 . H Drechsler (EG), 21.71 
sec: 2, S Gfadtsch (EGL 22.07; 3. E 

00; 5, D 

11.05pm-11.40; CM 450pnv6-0. 

BBC 1 : I2^40pm-1.0: 1050pm- 
11.20; B 8 C 2 : 450pm-8.0: ITV: 


Marita Kocri’s ctabn to be the 
greatest woman athlete in history 
could receive further 

75pm-750and 1050pm-1tj0; 


B8C1: 1130j 
12 . 10 am: BOt 

confirmation If, as seems Kkely. she 7.15pm-8.30 and 

again wins qoW in the 400 
metres endlong relay. That would 
give her six gold medals in 
European championships, one 
more than the lustrious Fanny 
Slanfcers-KOen and Irena 

■1.0 and 11.40pm- 
4_45pm-8-30; HV: 
id T050pm-11.0; 

Ch4:450pm-7.0- I 


BBC1: 11. 15am-1 2.05pm; BBC2: 

110*4 HURDLES: 1. A Prokofyev 
(USSR), 13-28sec:2, SCaristanfFr). 
1353; 3. A Markin (USSR) 13.39 
(1355w); 4 , H Pohtand (EGL 13^40; 
5. L GturgeanJRoml. 13.40. 

40QM HURDLES: 1 .H Schmid (WGL 
47.89 sec; 2, A Vasilyev (USSRL 
4854; 3. T Tpmov (Bui). 48.48; 4, A 
Katogiannis (Gre), 48.88; 5, T 
Zemskov (USSR), 49.07. 

HIGH JUMP: 1. I Paklin (USSRL 
2.37metres; 2, C Thranhardt (WG) 
256i (251); 3. G Avdeyenko 

(USSR), 7.34; 3, Y Blevskaya 
(USSR), 7.31; 4 , L Berezhnaya 
(USSR), 7.19: 5. H Radtke (EG). 

SHOT: 1 , N Lisovskaya (USSR), 
21.70metres; 2, C Losch (WG). 
21.46 (20.92); 3, > Muller (EG), 
21.45: 4, N Akhrimenko (USSR). 
2159; 5. H Fiblngerova (CzL 20.80. 
DISCUS: 1. D Sachse (EG). 
7356metre$; 2, M Heilmarm JEGL 
7252; 3. T Khristova (Bun, 72.52; 4. 
D Costian (Rom), 69.66; 5, M 
Lengye) (Rom). 69.08. 

JAVELIN: 1 . P FeJke (EGL 75.04m e- 

Y Blevskaya ing politicuus. It is unjust to 

Wame the Olympic Games for 
the murder of the Israelis and 
for Mr Levin to claim the 
Olympics are “the greatest 

culprits among sporting 
horrors". No Court of Appeal 
would accept such judgement 
on the evidence. Did the 
Germans and British in the 
trenches during the Kaiser's 
war not play football on 
Christinas Day? 

Sport's opponents are able, 
of course, to raise a shaming 
list of accusations, all undeni- 
able, against sport. Yet they 
are, in effect, accusing society, 
because sport will always be a 
mirror of the way we live. That 
in part is its fascination, and if 
sport is seen in some instances 
to be evil, then we should all be 
turning our gaze upon our- 
selves: not, in the case of 
Brussels, fulminating about an 
inadequate Minister of Sport 
Brussels apart, let us admit 
however, that the evidence of 
the prosecution is 

There is indeed, as Bernard 
Levin says, a similarity be- 
tween the distorted faces of 
Manchester hooligans and the 
fallen Mary Decker when she 
saw the rest of the runners 
scampering away for the med- 
als in Los Angeles. It is even 
more deplorable that Vainio, 
of Finland, is here competing 
in the 10,000 metres event 
after being convicted of drug- 
taking when coming second in 
Los Angeles. 

Sport has been corrupted by 
politics, nationalism, money 
and drugs, yet some beauty 
remains. The heritage of 
Weeks, Won-all, Walcott and 
Sobers may have been tar- 
nished by intimidatory West 
Indian bowling, but there is 
still the batting of Richards. 
The legends of Matthews, 
Peie and Di Stefano live on in 
Rush, Zico and Bntraguenou 
Orwell's sour pronounce- 
ment that international sport 
Is an unfailing cause of ill-will 
is an exaggeration. The foot- 
ball teams of Hungary and 
Brazil in the fifties, of Aston 
Villa and the Corinthians in 
older times, created inter- 
national goodwill which sur- 
vives to this day. The tennis of 
Maria Bueno and Santana was 
an internationally appreciated 
aesthetic pleasure. The Olym- 
pic triumphs of Owens and 
Zatopek united the minds of 
free men, and Blankers-Koen 
the minds of liberated women. 

The European champion- 
ships have a history of memo- 
rable, honourable moments 
uncluttered by human frailties; 
for example, tbe 5,000 metres 
of 1954 between Kurs, 
Chataway and Zatopek, and of 
1974 between Foster, 
Knscbman and Viren. I am 
optimistic that tbe champion- 
ships of 1986 will have some- 
thing worthwhile to give to the 




350pm: Opening Ceremony 
SJXk Women s marathon man 
&3Q: Women's shoe 

Women 's maraifton i 
ZL’Slf t10: Mm s 10000 metres 

5?! bef 9 Tom arm ur 


4.30pm-850; ITV: 6.45pnv7.0; CM; 
1 1 - 30 pm- 12.0 midnight 


B8C1: 12.30pm-5.15 and 550pm- 
8.15; BBC2: 10.30pm-11.20; ITV; 
2.45pm- 4.40 and lO.Opm-IOJO; 
CM; S.Qpnv-850 


BBC1: 11.10anvl2.10pm; B8C2: 
1.30pm-6.l5; ITV: 2.0pm-5-0. 


Britain's Steva Jones, second 

- fastest In the wortd. takes his 

- undefeated marathon record 
Into his -first championship 

■ marathon. 


With Ingrid Kristiansen 
restricting herself to the 10.000 

metres. Rosa Mote of Portugal 
is favoured to defend the title she 
won tit Athens. 

(USSR). 255:4, D MogenburotWG) 
254i (250); 5. J Zvara (Cz). £34; 6 . 
V Sereda (USSR), 254. 


Kaspryzyk (PoQ, 22.13; 4, E 
Barbasmna (USSR). 2257; 5. M 
Koch (EG) 2253r (2255). 

6.01 metres; 2, T V«f 
5.90; 3. R Gatauffin (US 
P Collet (Fra), 555; 5, M 


LONG JUMP: 1 . R Enrmiyan (USSR), 

LONG JUMP: 1. R Emmn 
851 metres; 2 , A Eva 
854; 3, L Szatma (Hun), 
4 . S Layevskiy (USSRL 
Samarin (USSR), 850. 

i (Hun), 8541 (8.03): 
USSRL 850: 5, Y 

Koch (EG) 2253r (2255). 

400M: 1 . M Kbch (EGL 4954 sec; 2, 
O Vladykina (USSR). 49.76; 3. P 
MuBer (EG), 49.79: 4, T Kocembova 
gz^ 4953 ; 5, M Plnigina (USSR). 

BOOM: 1 . D MeHnte (Rom), Imin 
565sec 2. S WOdars (EG). 157.05; 
3. L KiryukWna (USSR). 157.18; 4. 

itSOOifci, i, o Meilme (Rom), 3mm 

LiHak (FinL 71 58; 4, B Peters (WG). 
6956; 5, T Soibera (Nor). 67.8a 
6,^5pts; 2, N Stntoenkova (USSR), 
6,631; 3, A Behmer (EG), 6530; 6 . S 
Braun (WG). 8,418: M Maslennikova 
(USSR). 6,411. 

1O000M WALK: 1, Y Kuznyetsova 
(USSR). 44min 33sec; 2, D 
Vavracova (CZL 45:18; 3, A 
Grigoryeva (USSR). 46. -01; 4, Y 
Rodionova (USSRL 46:02; 5, M 
Gunnarsson (SweL 4&05. 

4 x 10 OM: 1 . East Germany 
4i.98sec: 2, Soviet Union 4257; 3. 
west Germany 4254; 4, Britain 
43.38; 5. Poland 43.61. 

4 x 400M: 1, Soviet Union 3rran 
21 .94S6C; 2. East Germany 3-5355; 
3, Romania 357.97; 4, Spam 
3.-2957:5. Poland 35958. 

7 jik Women s marathon (tneftea 
LID: Men's 10.000 metres. 


4Jkfc Men's 20km walk 
SJXfc Women s tonfl Jump 
6.15: Mens iBvelin 
Lift Women's 100 metres 
750: Men's too metres 


L4& Women's discus 

5.15: Women's high |ump 
5.40: Woman's 400 metres 
Men's shot 

L00: Men's 800 metres 
Women's 800 metres 
750: Women's 3,000 metres 
7.40: Men's 400 metres hurdles 
LOO: Men's deenmton ends (1.500 

350: Pole vault 
L50e Wbmen's javelin 

L1L Men's long jump 
6J0: Men's 200 metres 
645: Women's 200 metres 
7.05: Women's 100 metres hurdles 
755: 3000 metres steeptocnase 
7.45: Men's 400 metres 


340: Hammer 

3^0: Men's marathon start 

440: Women 400 metres turotes 

4£& Trwe jump. Women's heptathlon 

ends (800 metres) 

540: Men's 110 metres ftuntias 
5.50: Men's mareihon finishes 
6.10: Women's 1 D.000 metres 


1Z.1S: Men's 50km wofc 
1250: Men's high jump 
24& Men's dears 
355: Women's 4x1 00m relay 
350: Men a 4x1 00m relay 
L35: Women's 1500 metres 
350: Men's 1^00 metres 
3^5: Men's 50 kms walk 
4.10c Men s 5500 metres 
450: Women's 4x400 metres relay 
445c Men's 4x400 metres relay 
5.15: Closing Ceremony 




, Third Test 

. (noo&oot 

^ THE OVAL* England v New Zealand 
Britannic Assurance 
County Championship 

(11.0 to 6 . 0 ) 

CHELMSFORD: Essex v Surrey 
CARDIFF: Glamorgan v Kem 

, Yorkshire 

. OLD TRAFFORD; Lancashire v 

. LEICESTER: Leicestershire v 
• Northamptonshire 

TRENT BRIDGE: Not tinghams hire v 
- Derbyshire 

HOV E: Suss ex v Middlesex 
. WORCESTER: Worcestershire v 

Minor Counties Championship 
Taunton: Somerset II v Dorset. 

Second efivision . 


Uttfewoods Cup 

First round, first leg 

Aldershot v Fulham 

Blackpool v Preston 

Bournemouth v Bristol City 

Bury v Bolton 

Cardiff v Ptymouth 


Chesterfield v Wrexham 

Colchestar v Peterborough 

Doncaster v Rotherham — . 

Hartlepool v Middlesbrough 

Huddersfield v Halifax 

Notts County v Port vale — 

Orient v Cambridge Utd 

Rochdale v Burnley 

Scunthorpe v Darlington — 

Shrewsbury v Crewe 

Southend v Brentford : 

Stockport v Tranmare 

Sunderland v York — 

Swindon v Toreway 

Wrisafi v Marerfield-.— — .... 

vision: PortflokJ v Utteh a mpton (6501: 
Thf®a arrdges v Burgess rat (730): 
WMahawk v Shoreham. 

tiW si o n: Portway Bnfilol vOdd Down. 

Braintree « Ctecton: Gorteston v 
Stowmarket Haverhtf v March: Histon v 
Newmarket Lowestoft v Colcfwsnr Ha- 
serves; Soham v Buy Town; Wtahech v 

LEAGUE; Premier dMsion: Baldock v 
RothweD; Kempston v Stotfold; Norm- 
ampton Spencer * Breddey: Wooton v 
Potior. League KO Cop: Desborougtt v 

vtakn Barking v Walthamstow; Car- 
shaton v Bromley: Hayes v Famtxrrougtv 
Hendon v St Aioans; HBcftin v Bishop's 
Stonford; Kmgstoman r Tooting and 
Mitcham. SouSlvWtoiti^^ 
v Windsor andlton. Rret tfivbioa Epsom 
and Ewell v Lewes; Finchley v Borstum 
Wood. Leytonstona/nforti v SSaricay: I 
Staines v Mtadenhead. AC Deice Cup: I 
PTManl na ry muid: Av0ey V Barton; 
Doriong v Wohenon; Ff«*wefl Heath v 
ChaitontSt Petor Hamgey v IQngabury: 
Hemet Hempstend v Harlow: Hanford v 

Cheshunt Haytoidbe Swifts v Cantoerley: 
Hungertord v Berfchamstad: Latehworm 
GC V Uolesey; MM PC Nee v Chemey; 
RaMam v Stevanm: Saffron Wafdan v 
Horsham: ware v SomnaB: Whynleafe v 
Marlow-. Whenhoe v Clapton: WoWng 

Pohl’s style pays off 

POOLS FORECAST bv Paul Newman 

I 1 ., I' 'Ll. 


Akron, Ohio (Reuter) — Dan 

PohL normally known for his 
length off the tec, used a 


Wigan v Steckbum 

Wolverhampton v Lincoln. 

Kick-off 7 JO unless stated 

- First division 

Coventry City v Arsenal 

Luton v Southampton (7.45) 

OPR v Watford _ 

. Wimbledon vAVUa ( 745 ) 

ond divistort: Bristol RQvere v Oxford 
United (250k Crystal Pafcw v Brighton 
(5.45). Northampton * Cakhaster; ftaad. 
mg » Southampton. 

ULSTER CUP: Quarter-finals: BaHymwa 
w Cmsalers: Coterana v Gtentoran: Lama 

Weakblone * Dagentrem. 

[an 630): Bnghttncsea v CogaeshNt 
Burnham v Bowers: CanvBy island v East 
Thurrock: Halstead v chflmstord: Purflem 
v Brentwood: Sawfarldgewortft v Eton 
Manor; Stanstad v Woodford; WHfcam v 

LEAGUE: first dhriskm: Congiaton v 
Leek: Eastwood Hanley v Wnstoftt Htitm 
v Leytond Moron; Nettterfiato vCWheroe: 
Statybridoe CeWc v ftadchfla. 


GOLF: Bad's jurvor ctwmpwrtsWp (at 

YACHTING: Torbay Admirals Cup: 
Burnham week. 

length off the tec, used a 
devastating short game on Sun- 
day to win the $700,000 (about 
£460.000) World Series title by 
one shot over Lanoy Wadldns, a 
follow American. PohL who 
finished with a 72-hole total of 
277, three under par, started the 
day tied for the lead with 
Wadkms. He had one under at 
the first hole and never trailed 
despite dropping five strokes on 
the day, including one on tbe 
18th hole. 

green and landed in long grass. 
His chip shot from the grass just 
missed going in for one under 
that would have forced Pohl xo 
make his 1 5-foot par pun. When 
the chip slid try, Pohl calmly 
took two putts for the victory. 

Bobby Cole, of South Africa. 1 
recorded a dosing round of 
even-par 70, and finished in | 
third place at one-under par 279, 

2 Coventry » Everton 
1 Liverpool v Arsenal 
X Luton v Newcastle 
1 Man LI v Charter 
1 Norwrch vSmpmpton 

1 NottmFv Watford 

2 Oxford v West Ham 
1 OPR v Aston VMa 

1 Sheffield WvCtmsea 
1 Tottenham v Man C 
X WSmbleaon v Leicester 

1 Bir mi n gh am v Derby 
ICPslauv Stoke 
1 Grimsby v Bradford 
i Leeds v Sheffield U 
1 Mflwall v Barnsley 
X Oldham v Hull 

1 Plymouth v Reading ^ GAnqham 
1 Portsmouth v Ipswfert i Port Vale \ 

v Blackburn 
v Brighton 



Rodger Davis, of Australia, 
finished in a tie forfifth. with his 
score of one-over-par 2S1. Greg 
Norman dosed with a final 
round of 75. 

i Burnley v samhorpe 
1 CambU u Halifax 

Inkster wins 

CENTRAL LEAGUE; Ftat dhrtsfcm: 
Everton v Gnefffeid Wednesday (7 0): 
Leicester v Liverpool (7.0); Manchestsr 
City V Leeds (6.45). Second dfvfokm: 
Rotiwrham v West Brornwlch Atoron (7.0}. 

Atlantic City. New Jersey 
(Reuter) — The American, Jufi 
Inkster, won her fourth LPGA 
tournament of the season on 

Pohl saved par from difficult 
spots off the green on three holes 
in a four-hole stretch on the 
back nine to daim the $126,000 
first prize over the 7,1 39-yard 
course. “1 never got comfortable 
with my drive ail day," besaid. 

stored): 277: D Pohl, 68,66. 71, 71. Z7&L 

Wtitfcfoa. 88. 68. m 72 278: BCofo, (SA) 
74. 67. 68. 70. 2ttk J Mahoffay. 71. 68, 72. 
71. 281: A Bean. 72. 74. 68. 68; D 
Hmmond 6& 68 73. 74: T Stinpaon. 71. 
73, 72. 65; 72. 68, 6B. 71: P D 

Wi. 67, 71, 73, 71; J Thorps. 70. 72. 68. 
72: C P#a», 7SL 70, 71, 69: J NicWaus, 71. 
69. ra, 73; B Tway, 7A 72, 66, 70: T Hta. 
71. 88. 71. 71. 283: K Grean.68. 75. 68. 71 , 
ittC Ptnrin. 7D. 89. 70. 75; B Lanc*r 
JMS).e7. Tt.71.7S; 4 Stoddar. 71, 66,73. 

Monday with a one- under-par 
71 to capture the Atlantic City ; 
Classic, three shots ahead of her 
compatriot. Patti Rizzo. 

Luton (2.0). 

Wadkins had a last chance to 
catch Pohl on the final hole, but 
bis approach shot on the 464- 
yard par-four 18 th missed the 

1 CambU u Halifax 
1 Cardiff v Rochdale 
x Crews w Hereford 
1 0nem » Pwertwo 
1 Wrexham w Lincoln 
Not on couponc Aider- 
shot v wolves. Cotewsiar 
v Exeter (Friday): North- 
ampton v Torquay (Sun. 
day): Preston v Swansea. 
Southend v Hartlepool 
(Friday); Slock port » 
T renews (Friday). 

1 Bangor v Htmmch 
X Barrow v Macdasfld 

1 Burton v S Liverpool 

2 Crioriey vRhyl 

2 Code v Caamarfon 
2 Mattock v Marine 

1 Boumemth » N e wport 
1 Bristol R v Bolton 
1 Cartfefe v York 

1 Cbestarfld v WafsaB 
X Darlington v ManstMd 
1 Ooncastar v Bronttoitl 
1 Fuftiam v Btackpool 
1 GAngham » Brtstol C 

1 Port vale v ftotnemam 
Not on coupons: Bury v 
Chester; Swindon v Notts 
County (Sunday); Wtoan v 


2 BracWn v Fortar 

1 0unlemtkne v E Fife 
X Montrose v Airdrie 
1 Morton v Dunbarton 

1 Q of Stn v^Sarnock 

P® 5 **® 2 Albion v Alloa 

it,.***. X Ayr v Arproatn 

“f™® IE Swing vCowdenbth 

x Ram v Oueen's Pk 
.SLEEglL Nof on coupons: 

aojaerwei Sientiousemuir v 

Meattowtank. Swings a 
WRsngei* Jorinstooe; Stranraer v 

a W Berwick. 

homes: Manchester united. Tonanham. 
Pysiai Palace. Mdhrefl. Boumemoutti. 
Cambridge United, Cardiff. Orient. Aber- 
deen. Dundee United. DvniermUne. 

RJteD ODDS: Horn**: Manchester 
Umtod. MdwaB, Bournemouth. Onant 
Dundee United. Anw Everton. wwt 
H»n. Forfar. Drews: Luton. WimWedon. 


1 Aberdeen v Dundee 

1 CtyOrtsar* v Faitarit 
i Dundee Uv Sf Mirren 
x Hibernian v Hearts 
Not on coupon*: Rangers 
* Cette (Sunday) 

TREBLE CHANCE (home teams): Luton. 
Wimbledon. OWham Darlington Crewe. 
Barrow. Hantifton. Hibernian Montrose, 
Ayr. RMI). Nest best Doncaster 

BEST DRAWS: Luton. Wimbledon. Okt* 
ham, Derihigton. Hamrfion. 

AWAYS: Everton. Wen Ham. Rnyl, Ma* 
rtno, Forfor. 



Tnc/rnucc, liamha. v Ai-innsTl^ ioa/». 


can extend 
fine run 



* # E » » » 


By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

A highlight in any young a mile and a half on unduiai- 
jockey's career is winning the ing courses and each lime 

Steve' Donoghue Apprentice Jabaraba has been ridden 
Handicap on this the second most competently by Gerald 

day of the August Bank Holi- 
day meeting at Epsom. 

The race is run annually in 

Cottrell's promising young 
apprentice Tommy Lang. 
Clearly they get on well 

1 lie 10^-C 19 IUII (UIIIUUIIJ III hap 

memory of the great jockey togetner. 

who was champion 10 times Every bit as important after 

in a row from 1914 and 1923. 
Also during his career 
Donoghue won ihe Derby six 
times in addition to eight 
other classics. 

Today's race is run over the 
full Derby course, which is an 
experience in itself and after- 
wards the successful young 
rider is presented with a whip, 
a memento which will remain 
a life-long treasure. 

In recent years no tutor has 
been more adept at producing 
promising riders for this 
particular occasion than 
Henry Candy, who has seen 
his own colours worn success- 
fully by both Tyrone Williams 
and Luigi Riggio on that ideal 
equine schoolmaster Going- 

Today the master of Kings- 
ton Warren is relying on Ben 
Adhem and Chris Rutter and 
at their best that combination 
would be hard to beat. Ben 
Adhem was a winner at New- 
market in the Spring, while 
Rutter is as experienced as any 
in this sphere. 

However, with the stable 
not exactly firing on all cyl- 
inders at present and Ben 
Adhem absent for almost four 
months, 1 am content to go 
nap again on Jabaraba .who 
did this column a good turn at 
Folkestone a week ago when 
he won his third race in a row. 
starting at 2-1. 

AH three victories were over 

IS long frustrating months, 
Cottrell appears to have got to 
ihe root of the respiratoiy 
problem that had been trou- 
bling Jabaraba since his three- 
year-old days when he was 
sold out orFrank Durr’s virus- 
riddled yard for only WOO 

As a two-year-old Jabaraba 
had a Timetonn rating of 109 
following meritorious vic- 
tories at Redcar, Leicester and 
Doncaster. However, by the 
start of this season that had 
slumped to only 66 and with it 
a lowly spot in the Jockey 
Club's handicaps. 

Recently though, Jabaraba's 
breathing has come right, 
almost overnight, and with it 
this surge in form. His last two 
victories at Folkestone have 
been achieved with the mini- 
mum of fuss and with Lang 
able to claim 3 lb this after- 
noon 1 believe Jabaraba will 
prove hard to beat again. 

Cottrell is also hopeful that 
Tez Shikari. Jabaraba's iravel- 
ling companion from 
Cullomplon m Devon, will go 
well in the Ladas Maiden 

Belgian plumber 
seals notable 
English success 

m- ill::: 

V-.'- \ ft'* '■&. 


Ben Adhem, seen here beating Wylfa at Newmarket in May, reappears in Epsom's Steve Donoghue Apprentice Handicap 

a threat, but Gilberto is Having been well and truly DliAvtilnlivUt rmmiC 
preferred. out of his depth in last JvuOUQftUHg f GlgllS 

Otherwise, it should pay to 
follow Greville Starkey riding 
Royal Halo (3.35). Angara 
Abyss (4.5) and Taviri (4.40) 
for Guy Harwood. 

Royal Halo is in such form 
at present that even the 
steadier of lOst 21b should not 
stop him from winning the 
Chalk Lane. Handicap at the 
expense of Samhaan and Rana 
Pratap. who finished third and 
fifth, respectively, behind My 
Generation at York Iasi week. 

Angara Abyss’s winning run 

Having been well and truly 
out of his depth in last 
Wednesday’s Gimcrack 
Stakes at York. Crofter's Cline 
can benefit from a swift drop 
in class and win the Wensley 
Auction Stakes at Ripon 
where Banque Privee (330) 
and Factotum (5.0) are ex- 
pected to make Brent 
Thomson's trip from his 
home, near Newbury, 

m R » was eventually brought to an 
end by Deputy Governor at 
=5? Lingfldd. But with Deputy 

Gilberto, who was not far 
behind Hendeka and Bali 
Magic at Goodwood. 

In the meantime. Bali 
Magic has won the Convivial 
Slakes at York. Third to Most 
Welcome at Newmarket first 
time out, Great Act also poses 

Runner-up to the improv- 
ing Turfah last time out at 
Pontefract. Factotum is just 
preferred to Reminiscing for 
the Harrogate Maiden Stakes. 

Governor then winning the 
Washington Singer Stakes at 
Newbury that defeat was obvi- 
ously no disgrace. So I can 
easily envisage him winning 
the Heathcote Nursery, even 
with top weight 

Finally, following those 
sound runs against Codices at 
Kempton and Folkestone, 
Usfan can get his head in front 
at long last at Chepstow by 
beating Skean and Top Debu- 
tante in the first division of 
the River Maiden Stakes. 

Ian Balding's Musical Re- 
iie», form horse for the first 
division of the Castle Maiden 
Slakes at Chepstow yesterday 
and coming from a stable that 
has had more juvenile winners 
than any other, was made odds- 
on favourite, but she met her 
match in Rhondaling. 

The two had the race to 
themselves through the last two 
furlongs. drawing eight lengths 
dear of the rest, and Rhondaling 
outstayed the favourite to win 
but threequarters of a length. 

Nicky Howe, riding his tenth 
winner of the season, told Mrs 
Peter Wajwyn that he had got to 
the front sooner than be wished, 
but he had not wanted to 
disappoint the filly. Mrs 
Wahvyn said “Rhonda] ing is 
such a good mover we thought 
she miglst not like the wet 
ground, but she handled it well”. 

Conditions were also pretty 
testing for the IS apprentices in 

the Cierwent Handicap. They 
were riding into driving rain and 
a mist, but it is a day Russell 
Price will never forget, for be 
rode die first winner of his 
career on Petit Bot, a 14-1 
chance. The filly was not ex- 
pected to enjoy the soft ground, 
but she came through it really 
well to master Stone broker dose 
home and win by half a length. 

Price, aged IS, from Barry, 
said: “Its fantastic to ride your 
first winner, and I hope to have 
many more. I've been with Mr 
Mnsson at Newmarket for six 
months, and be is giving me a 
chance. I've never been in the 
frame before." 

Petit Bot took wnile Mnsson, 
her trainer, off the 13 mark for 
the season. Her winning owner- 
breeder. Alec Badger, akt 
“She's been a long time winning. 
1 think its the first time that 
she's had this ground. Maybe it 
is what she’s been wanting," 

Henri Van dcr Vier. a 25- hurdln 
vcar-old Brussels plumber, be- Trium 
ame the first Belgian rider to Cou 
win a race on ihe Flat ip made 
England when bringing Pacto- fourth 
|us home bv one and a half aneho: 
lengths in ' the Moet and Faddo 
Chandon Silver Magnum. finish 
The winning rider said: “At McK,t> 
least f think 1 am - I have Nat 
never heard of another Bel- rowan 
gtan rider winning over here, the le 
This is my fourth ride in with I 
England, and l finished last in Howe' 
this race a year ago. I’m six the Si 
times amateur champion in feet T 
Belgium and have now ridden for a I 
J 14 winners." fiirlon 

Cadmium tried to make all train* 
running for the Italian rider by or 
Felipo Grasso Caprioli. with Amcri 
ihe favourite. Osric. trained at the sc 
Newmarket by Mick Ryan ninnei 
and ridden by his son John, in length 
close pursuit. However. Van The 
der Vier stopped the flow two breede 
furlongs out and swept into "Our I 
the lead to score a splendid and is 
victory. Peitch 

Pac lotus is trained by Guy Septet 
Harwood and previously won borou] 
for his daughter Amanda at meeiii 
■ Salisbury. The Pulborough Brin 
trainer’s assistant Geoff keep 1 
Lawson said. “I only booked Place . 
Henri for the ride last but th 
Saturday." the o 

The pouring rain could not setbac 
dampen the enthusiasm of the 
National Hum trainer Kim COl 
Bailey, who sent out his first- 
ever Flat winner with jrmnb 
Hamloul in the Ranmore ngm** 
Handicap. jockey 

The three-year-old, par- nan, z 
chased out of Tom Jones's 13 - 4%iE 
Newmarket stable six weeks ___ 
ago. made all the running, aslum 
pursued by Feydan. The pair z™*J 
had the race to themselves and 
inside the final, furlong im%:G 
Hamloul edged in front to 
score by half a length. JSwrf? 

Bailey, who irai ns a team of 29 . zr./e 
20 jumpers at East Ilsley, said: JSBXh, 
"I'm delighted to have my aSSi, 
first Flat success at Epsom. DN * choil 
Since I started training five j 
years ago I've only had about J™® 
six runners on the Flat and ias%jJ 
they have all finished in the jJJJaa 
frame. Hamloul will be going pum*. 

hurdling, and could be a 
Triumph Hurdle hope "■ 
Course specialist Clamime 
made a brave bid to land his 

fourth Epsom victory, but was 
anchored by top wtsght-in-foe 

Paddock Handicap, and could 
finish only third for Dean 

Native Rulef. racing wide 
towards the centre, disputed 
the lead with Meeson King, 
with Clantime cTosc behind. 
However. Steve Cauihen had 
the Stewards' Cup third. Per- 
fect Timing, perfectly poised 
for a late run inside the final 
filrlong. The David Hswortb- 
trained filly pounced to score 
by one length id give foe 
American his 113th winner of 
the season, Meeson King was 
runner-up. with Clamime a 
length and a half further away 

The winner's owner- 
breeder. Richard Vines, said: 
"Our filly keeps her form well, 
and is entered for the Golden 
Peitctie at Baden-Baden on 
September 3. The Scar- 
borough Stakes at the St Leger 
meeting is another possibility. 

Brian Rouse was lucky to 
keep his seat when Durham 
Place jinked out of the stalls. 

but the Epsom specialist got 
the colt going' despite this 

setback to finish fourth. . 

Course specialists 


TRANERS: H Candy. 6 wmnere from 22 
runners. 27-3%: J Dunlop. 1? from 75. 
227%: G Lewis. 28 iron FlS. 22*V 
JOCKEYS: PWaldrotr. 21 wm/ws torn 9! 
rides, 23.1%: W Carson. 32 (ram 165. 
19.4%; S Cmttien. 26 tram 150. 17.3%. 


TRAINERS: M Prescott 10 umners tan 
35 runners, 28.6%: G Harwood, 8 from 29, 
27.6%: J Dunlop. 9 from 38. 23.1%.. _ 

JOCKEYS: M WS, 7 winners from 35 
rides. 20.0%; R Cochrane. 11 from 57, 
193%: G Outfield. 11 tram 61. 18.0%. 


TTtAMOt&MSioua. 12 winnars front 40 
nimers. 300%; W Hastings-Bass. B from 
29.27.16%: Jimmy Ffegerald, 8 from 45. 

20 . 0 %. ' • 

JOCKEYS WRSwfnfaum. 7 wmnsrsfrzm 
29 rides. 24-1%; RHite.6 from 36. 157%; 
D Nichols, M from til 12.4%. 

TflAWERS: M Pipe. 36 winners from 208 
runners. 17.3%; J Baker. 13 from 96. 
133%: J Old. 11 from 82, 114%. - 

JOCKEYS: H Dawes. 21 woneoi from 1 02 
rktes. 208%: P Barton. 12 from 63, 190%; 
P Isadu 25 from 112. 18-8%. 


Going: soft 
Draw: 5f-6f, 

404 011213 
406 32130-0 
406 2-10331 
410 00-1404 

tJ Goran (7)1 
_ W CarsanS 

P Cook 5 

P Robinson 4 

i numbers best 

EN STAKES (2-Y-G: £2.106: 6f) (8 runners) 

9-4 Royal Halo. 11-4 Samhaan, 4-1 Brays. 5-1 Rana Pratap. 6-1 Samanpour. 10-1 
Redden. 181 Rra Bay. 

43 (3LBEHTD (Mrs M LandQJ Dunlop 9-0 

0 MONETARY FUND(DKhan)G Lewis 80 

00 SHANNON RIVB} (J Keogtijj BodwM 

00 SPYTOWSlfSrA Pa^j-vUaodjDfcfurr^Smi: 

108 WM TEZ 9WKAR1 (B) (C Brown) L Cottrol 9-0 

. W Canon 5 
. P Waldron 2 

P Cook 7 

. G Strata* 4 

FORM: ROYAL HALO (9-6) easily beat Lastcomor<81) IHIet Ascot (im 2f.S707Q.good. 
July 26. 6 ran). SAMANPOUR (El-7) 4/ 5tti lo Warm Welcome (8-3) at Redear (1m 2f, Aug 
9). saner (9-5) 31 2nd to Sultan Mohamad (95) at Brighton (im 21. E2473, firm. July 9. 9 

ran). SAMHAAN (8-1) 2*1 3rd » My Generation (9-13) at York (1m It, £8974. good to 
firm. Aug 20. T? rani MNA PRATAP(89)3MJh«*5tfitfian. earfcer (8-11)0 Goodwood 
2nd lo MaUmari (8-8) (1m 2f. fim, Aug 2). FIRE BAY behind on reappearance, last year 

111 CLOUDY UOHT (USA) (Mrs M Cashman) W tasdngs-Bass 8-11. A Murray 1 

112 3 GflEAT ACT (WGredtey) Canton 8-11 SCautaoS 

113 0 WATERS} 3HJC (Mrs JKmnn) M Francis 8-11 CftaHar(3)3 

4-5 Gtoarto, 3-1 Great Act, 9-2 Monetary Fund, 6-1 Tez Shflcrai. 8-1 Spy Tower, 

12-1 Cloudy Light, 16-1 others. 

FOtafc GILBERTO (9-0) 2 'a| 3rd to Hendeka (9-0}at Goodwood (6t. £4838. good to firm, 

Aug 1. 8 ran). MONETARY FUND (8-11) pot wider 61 7tti to Moon indigo (8-11) at 

pay off 


(8-8)(1m2f. fkm, Aug 2). FIRE BAY behind on reappearance, last year 
rp (8-13) 1 >51 at Brighton (tm 2f. £2887. good, OctaTREDDEN (B- 11) test 

(9-5) beat F Sharp (813)1%l at Brighton (tm2f. E2687.good. Oct8). 
of 9 them, on first outing this year (9-0) beat Mareoom (7-1 1) si at Blditon 
£2566. good to firm. May Z8. 15 ran). EMRYS (8-4) beet Swift Trooper (9-7) are 
course and distance (£3909. good. June 6. 10 ran). 

Sete eden: FIRE BAY 

tftton ( 1 m 2f. 
) a neck over 

nL MONETARY FUND (8-11) lust wider 61 7th to Moan Indfijo (8-11) at 
Sandown (5f. £4201. good to fkm. July 4. 8 ran). TEZ SHIKARI (90) 71 2nd of 10 to 
LutlefieM (8-1 1)at Batfr(5f 167y. £1767. fkm. July 16). GREAT ACT (8-1 1)5541 3rd to the 
(90) at Newmarket (6f. £3477. good, Aug Z 12 ran). 

Epsom selections 

By Mandarin 

Kevin Hodgson’s enterprising 
tactics paid off handsomely at 
Newcastle yesterday when he 
steered Ben’ Led! to a comfort- 
able victory in the Langlee 

Hodgson had hts mount 
smartly out of the stalls, and 
immediately tracked across to 

Going: good to soft 
Draw: high numbers best 

2.15 FOREST SELLING STAKES {£605: 1m 2f) 
(8 runners) 

I 0011 GRAND CELEBRATION (USAXO) R Sknp»o n 4-912 

S WnitWOfQl 4 

3 0230 POCO LOCO A Dawson 4-97 -JW62 

5 -400 NOBLE MLL(D)DArtw0*iOt 3-92 T Oaten 5 

7 MH) ESS-JAY-ESS B Stevens 3-8-11 AMackay3 

17 0000 AMNEED R Hotaafwad 4-7-7 PHM(7)1 

IB 0000 SHARAD (8) (0)B Stevens 6-7-7 AMackayt 

IS 0040 WLOALARWUS M Botton 4-7-7 TWMaaa2 

94 Cetesttel Omn. 10930 Lonely Straw. 92 GaBant Hope. 
13-2 St Terramar. 91 Skyfte. le-t Hikialanous. Sharad. 
191 Ammesd. 

10 040 GRAND FUNG D Lairg 38-11 

11 -030 PASSION PLAY (BF)r Hasten 38-11. 

14 90 FIAMEUGKT M Prescott 3-88 

J Raid 2 

_ T Outer 5 
R Cochrane 8 
. TWWsnsfi 
. QDuffWd 1 
- N Adams 7 

14 08 FLAMEUGHTM Prescott 388 QDuMewt 

18 000 MAHABAD Miss L Bower 388 — — — N AJ— 7 
158 Grand catebration. 52 Nobis HM. 4-1 Itesaion Play. 
91 Ffameiight. 191 Poco Loco. 191 others. 

4.15 BERKELEY HANDICAP (£Tt^51: 7f) (22) 

- - jRsfciir 

a MMl i&w-«iwm. iwt.| m * w A CU/1 15 

6 010 PETRIFY (C-DYBOG Baking 38-4 JMteHl 

8 -004 CONCERT PITCH (c-D) B PMWig 7-91 -HCo dw e—i 

9 0100 IW ROSE CT H Htrtcfwnon 8-913 PHut ch k a twP)22 

11 -200 SiTZCARRALOO R Hannon 3-912 B Rouse 1 

12 904 FBIST0PP0R1UNITYP Arthur 38-11 LJohMey(7|» 

13 -000 SPRING PURSUIT P.Makte 58-11 TOutenlB 

16 0041 MSMYMOLES M McCourt 38-10 _... RUNrohemU 



N Adams 
ml Eddery 

Going: good 
Draw: 51-61, 1 

Draw: 51-61, low numbers best 

2J30 CURFEW HANDICAP (£2.330: 5f) (22 runners) 

2 042020 CHMAGOLO 

4 101040 PERGODA (B) (D) 

5 > 00203 RA RA GIRL (H A 

6 003204 LOCH FORM 

7 121200 LULLABY 

8 000020 KAREN'S STAR 

s mmm pendorqan 

11 340000 BAY BAZAAR 

D Ibbotson) MKs L StocW 78-10. 
I Vickers 8-98. — 

B McMahan 4-94 

rmkisr 38-13 

Saw!) MHEBStertiy 3813 

M Wood 15 
JKNs(S) 1u 

DNteboBs 18 
G Baxter 2 

12 910040 BRIDGE OF 

_ _ Barron) T Banon 

13 109000 GODSTRUTH (B) (D) (Thomson Jones) H Thomson Jones 7-88 

A Rhlng (7) 14 

14 100240 GOLD DUCHESS (B) (D) fflF) (C BucfcUn) M W Easterby 486 — 21 

15 020241 LADY CLARA (p) (Mrs V Dorten) J Bony 68-5 J Caned (7) IS 

16 000004 CARPefTBrSBOr (D) (Cafpemare Paras) Mrs G Reveiey 884 


18 003020 1TE STRAY BIALETT (B) (Mrs J McMahon) B McMahon 97-13 _ J Lowe 6 

19 040400 PMA0E GIRL (D) (Mrs A Otari J Katfiewefl 4-7-10 — A Proud 1 

20 0900 ROCX SALT (P Lesns) W Pearce 4-7-10 R Fo» 22 

21 000000 PETENCOftE (Mrs S Rodfarn) J Redtem 3-78 — 20 

22 0« SLY MAID (R Baker) B Richmond 3-7-7 SP Griffiths 13 

0 CHAMPION JOKER (B Kgn) J EfiienngtDn 8-3 — 

0 BAMCS AK) BRAES (J Rowte) J Legh 91 
Q BEATTYS LAD(W Wrigftn R Tnompson 81 
00 DUAL CAPACITY (USA) (A Field) WMusson 81 
00 P05SARD (Hfopockomo Raong) M W Esswby 81 
00 HlENCHGATEJWppodromoRa 
MHJ30Y UNER ?Can) F Carr 
482 PHBXnAS (Lord LamUcn) Denys Smtth 81 
M PtT PONT (Mrs H Bestoel H Wharton 81__ 

00 SAVANNA KMG (Mrs JRanvsdan)T Barron 81 
02242 STELBY (V Sasste) O Brennen 8l 

000 CALL FOR TAYLOR. . . _ 

00 MBS SARAJAHE (G SrnythJ R Hohwhead 7-12 




S Morris 19 
LCtwnocfc 23 
N Day 18 
Praod 16 
J Lowe 22 
£ Webster 2 

0 PARK FROUCSfPat WRson) W Wharton 7-1 

43 00 SUESANDY (C TaykJO C Thornton 7-12 

5-2 Crofters CSne, 81 Stefcy. 91 NWy Griff. 81 Stay Low. 
Shooter. 12-1 PMotaa. 181 ottiers. 


81 Peaiswood 

Canif and Playtex took the 
same route, but Roper Row then 
drifted back across the track, 
leaving Canif with the 

Hodgson managed to produce 
a late rally from his mourn in the 
closing stages, bat Canif. ao 8-1 
chance: trained by Mick Ryan 
and ridden by Waller Swinbum 
in Ihe Terry Ramsden colours, 
held on by threequaners of a 
length, with Golden Guilder 

1 2014 LONELY STREET (D) P Arthur 8191 (Bex) 


5 2001 CELESTIAL DRIVE (B) R Hannon 582 B Reuse 3 

7 -000 SKYUN (B)(0) Mrs CReswey 3811 — — I Jobnsen7 

8 2022 GALLANT HOPE LCooraB 4810. — N Carlisle 5 

15 C200 ST TERRAMAR fB) (D) D Jenny 11-78 G Dickie B 

5-2 Prasns Malta. 81 Docksider. 81 Lowara, Zaoazto. 
7 1 Duff 181 odiws. 


Ripon selections 

23 001030 TRADESMAN (B)(0) (Mrs M Rutherford) J Haldana S-7-7 — JCksnn(5)19 

24 900003 LAST SECRET (B)(D)(W Chapman) Ddupman 57-7 AQAm(7)12 

25 220203 MESSRS BAY (Hocktey Ptg) N Bycrofl 87-7. LChamockS 

26 000400 DEBACH REVENGE (Mrs CMBer) M TompklB 57-7 RMonefflll 

91 Pendor Dancer, 11-2 lady. Coro, 6-1 Loch Form, 7-1 Ra Ra Gto, 8l erma 

Gold. 181 Psrgoda. Gold Duchess, 12-1 Karan s Star. Lullaby Blues. 181 others. 

By Mandarin 

2J0 Ladv Cara. 3.0 Swift Challenger. 3 JO Banque Privee. 4.0 
Crofter's Cline. 4.30 Don’t Ring Me. 5-0 Factotum. 

3-0 BOROUGH BRIDGE SELUNG STAKES (2-Y-O: £1 .461: 5f) (19) 

W Wharton 811 

000 WTROMANB)(M Marehaff) W Mackk}511 

0 RAG1WE PARTY (Miss V Pratt) Ron Thompson 81 

000042 CAUSEWAY FOOT (B)(B Land] N TlnWfir 811 WR Swinbum 4 

GOP STATE (J Martini W Wharton 811 RFmtT2 

0030 GREENSWARD BOY (B)(BF)(GfBen5wart Raong) K Ivoiy 811 G Beater 11 

000 ttTROMAN®(M MamteY) W Mackio811 W tames 18 

0 RAGTHffi PARTY [Miss V Pratt) Ron Thompson 811 SPGriBBtaS 

223340 RUN TO WOW i G Dawes) G Moore 811 D Casey mu 

4 SVHFT CHALLrifesi (Swift Caravans LftflRStubbs 81 1.JHBrew (5) 10 

000 T0KANDA (B) |C Newton Jnr Lafl T Fafrhurst 811 RlflbB 

00 VENHER^MacRienon)P^hnr8ll «Fry5 

0 ARDAY V^MESOAY (Ron Thompson) Ron Thompson 88 — R P Kbit 17 

BEENA STAR (D AOonson) J KeMaNel 88 S Webster 15 

CAWSTONS PREJUDICE (J Abbey) 8 McMahon 88 A Rope (7)1 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
130 Godstruth. 3.30 Prince Satire. 4.0 Stay Low. 4.30 Don't Ring 
Me. 5.0 Princess Emma. 

By Mich ad Seely 

3_50 Silent Journey. 4.0 CROFTERS CLINE (nap). 

• Gordon Richards, the 
Penrith trainer, and his new 
stable jockey, PhD Tuck, were in 
tremendous form at Canine I 
yesterday, landing four races in 
a row. with Doronicum (4-1), 
Easter Brig (11-4). St Colme 
(evens) ami Aikinsons (7-4). 
The four-iimer paid odds of 
102 - 1 . 

430 WAKEMAN STAYERS HANDICAP (£2.138: 2m 2f) (11) 

1 084042 TRESOOBR ftfapodromo Racing) M W EastBitw A8-13 GCteto( 

3 080402 DONT RING ME (Cl (BF) fC Tateson) W Hasttnos-B * 486 _ R Ltes* ( 

BEENA STAR (D AOonson) J KeOtoWl 88 

CAWSTONS PREJUDICE (J Abboy) 8 McMahon 8-8_ 
0300 DOHTYBABY(BffiF)(LadyHosk«h)MWEasuitiy( 

00 LEVSM LASS (Mis DLamb) I Vickers 68 

17 040200 HAZH.'S GIRL (BUe)M Britan 88 Kltotey2 

19 00000 JEAN JEANS (H TiMorJJ Hollands 88 JBtekWatelO 

21 00 LEvai LASS (Mrs DLuid4 1 Vickers 68 H Victors (7) 16 

24 000 MSSaMLY(UHl)DCtw]man88 DMcboAtS 

39 0000 ROS E S B H AGS (ltes E Marshal) J Jefferson 88 A Smite (5) 3 

31 001400 SEATON G8IL (Q) (G WBdraon) T Barren 88 BMcGBl(7)7 

7-2 Gausaway Foot 81 DoWy Baby. 9-2 Seaton Gkl. 81 Run To Work. 81 Swtfi 
Chatonger. 12-1 GreenawanJ Boy. 16-1 others. 

— 13 

KDariey 2 

RWctors (7)16 
— DMcboBtS 
. A9aiute(5)3 
_ BMcGKtm 7 

984042 TRESODBtMppodromo Racing) MWEastofby89i3 
090402 DONTRWGMEJCI(BF)fC Tateson) WHasttngs83S»' 

41300/6 BRQ KB4 SEA L (D)(M mean) MBrmaln 7-98 

6 940020 SUN STREET (EH £ HD) C Britain 8813 

6001 TWGANNV MAN (D Kfwha) Denys Smtth 38-11 

184114 STONE JUG (BF) (MS3 gHaB) Mae S Hal 588 

7 0001 TW CANNY HAN (bKnfahte 

9 184114 STONE JUG (BF)(MS3fHal 

11 00000/0 CAVAUERSawSNTEfRSe 


13 000020 RMGHrSHBRmRiWtKV 

14 0-44004 PfCASANTtCHHTSfGTeo 
16 440300 ALFtt DfCKMS (DiCkins Ud) 

7-2 Trastoder. 81 Stone Jug, 92 Sun 
Man. 181 Knights Hair, 12-1 ottm. 

K Darkiy 11 
G Baxter 5 


Too] Handy 878- 
Jd) R Hottrenasd 8' 

ttuin 4-813 GBaxterS 

Denys Smtet 3811 LCbamocfcB 

I MissSHal 588 M BkcbS 

n)PVIMiam888 MWgbn2 

n .. NCoannUnlfl 

t fa =± M1 

iw#d87-7 ACaMn(7}7 

11-2 Don't Ring Me. 81 The Canny 

• Waller Swinbum. who on 
Saturday broke the £lm barrier 
for races won this season, 
continued his run of success 
with a 246'£-I four-timer at 
Newcastle yesterday. His win- 
ners were . Canit Singletta, 
Shipbourne and Paradise 

Going: soft 

(3-Y-O: £833: 2m 15yd) (15 ruiners) 

2 04 BBMOCK KBWlOp 197 — . BPpwei 

4 0 CROWN COLONY Mrs A Kra« 10-7 GKnltot 

6 FAWANQO BOY R Rost 1W J Frost 

7 F>C VIC B Stevens 187 — . — Rsrronge 

8 FREE HAND BRaRm 187 CEv*M® 

10 32 HOIE OR AWAY J raker 197 LHm>ffl 

12 LITTLECOTE LAD T Foreter 197 H Oaten 

14 MR RZYCAL W R WfiBoms 197— A Jones 

15 NOBLE VMMBSMelar 197. MKantagtan 

16 RAVELSTON J HoneybeD 197 Peter Hobbs 

17 RQOVMO PJ Jones 10-7 CMm 

18 VANTASTIC Mrs J Honan 10-7 BdeHaan 

20 P DQORAHCOYTGrsathead 192 □Morris (7) 

21 FIVE QUARTBLS L Cottrafl 10- ? — CGray 

22 TAMANADANCBtM Pipe 192 PCeud—eS 

6-4 Tomana Dancer. 5-2 Home Or Away, n-2 uutecoto 

Lad. 8-1 Noble VSdng. 181 VentesSc. 181 Five Quarters.- 

281 others. 

7 P22- LOLUPOPMANJOW 18192 CUntebdtn 

6 482 FOOT STICK {D)GBak*ng 18190 AChtotealO 

10 942 THE-FLOORLAYER (BF) J Baker 8108 L Harvey (7) 

12 94 U CTTACH. ROC (B1J Br*Soy 11-10-0 G Daria* 

13 -111 BMTANMCU5 NB Thomson 19190 (Sex) _ D Monte 
5-2 Brttarvifcua. 7-2 W Six Times. 92 Swift Bbyaie. 

81 Foot Stick. 81 - The Ftoorteyor. 181 Thomasoaurt, 
LoOpopmaa 12-1 attiers. 






The f 
for I 

■ ll-, ' Ji 

-3* . '’ll' l ( , 

• 1 :'n.: : . i. . i- 

-•tti.’ "B i • ! 

• MLin, ■. •. • 

3^5 TAW HANDICAP HURDLE (Amateurs £2.152: . 
3m 2f 100yd) (15) - 

1 800 KAMAG(C)0 Holy 81 1-10 P HmcjTI 

! (R BaardsaorllilP IMgham 953 
J W Waa? 3-80 

• Peter Walwyn, the Lamboura 
trainer, had four winners at 
separate meetings yesterday. Ba- 
sically Better (20-1 ) at Warwick, 
Rhonda] mg (5-1) ai Chepstow 
and Khakis Love (9-4) at Epsom 
won on the Flat, while Parang 
(9-4) scored ai Newton Abbot. 

. Newton Abbot selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Tamana Dancer. 2.45 Chain Of Reasoning. 

3. 1 5 Britanlcus. 3.45 HublL 4. ! S Mighty Disaster. 
4.45 WaJhan. 

1 800 KAMAG (C) 0 Holy 811-10 PHmr (7) 

3 009 DROPSHOr (B) G BOkflng 11-118 i J Goto 0)1 

5 904 BLACK ROD A Tumte 9-11-2 JBeraCT ? 

G 093 HMSUJ {atari 811-1 • TGteMtwwWS- 

7 900 BORDER GEM (80) C Linton 181813 


6 42-0 Pass ashore ra) m 06kw 7 - 199 , , 1 « 

,10 924 MAJUGA MU. 5157 J_™ R fiSS J , 
JI ^PU»Gf8O)J0YbWBS81(W^ Mrs Retort J - 
13 M0 UFT HIGH DR Tucker 7-181 HaeJSsoM' l *■ 

15 MO B.X3TO N MttcheB 9190 TMtohaA I H 

16 0b8 FATA MORGANA Mrs P NM U-190 HnDIttctol I -i- 

11 W* HasM TUmw I >; 

IB D£- » /O H Mannars Ut>5CSarto & - 

S a«R0R NAPOLEON JE forte 91M_ lkkf&± 

20 9P0 LE CHAMP TAUirfR)R Arnmage 1818 Q . ,,*■# 

KhiQA ni i ti j^t r: 

_ . j^HuM,3-1 Jtefubo fffl. 81 tej Ashore. l82Kana0. ' 
81 Bteck-Rod. 12-1 Dropahct. HJ Darfin. 181 others. 


(£601: 2m 150yd) (11) 

1 109 8ACHAGHA (USA) R Simpson 91 2-1T — „ Q MeCotkt 

2 091 CHAM OF R 

340 STEVE NESBITT TROPHY (Handicap: £2,685: 1m 4f) (8) 

5.0 HARROGATE MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: £2,478: 1m 2f) (16) 

3 023931 GREAT EXCEPTION (T Frost) H CanQv 397 WtawnesT 

5 092014 FtEFDOM (C-DHC Oarfc) W Storey 884 JMmfHfi 

8 9331 BANQUE PRIVEE (USAXO) [A Oore) S HBs 394 BHtemson3 

7 4-22824 LHM (D)^(Ful Cfrde ThorougMirads) N Trtder 482 KUm Tinkler 6 

0 01040 PRMCESATffiE (USA) (H Gram Jr) MJjrvtt 3812 W Woods (3) 2 

10 201023 5a£NTJQUWCY (USA) (D){BF)(RSangsar1JW Watts 8811 


12 103249 HALADWI (8D) (Mre A Robson) Jtevny Fitzgerald 7-87 DMcboOsS 

1 090222 COCCOU1TO 


3 090032 FACTOTUM (K/ 


12 103249 HALADM) (CO) (Mre A Robson) Jtevny Fitzgerald 787 DMcbeOsS 

18 001304 MOUUMS(D) (TariBian Boa Co Ltd) JWHson 87-8 Jnlle Bowker (7) 4 


6 000900 GOLRJNES 
10 900400 OUT OF SIC 

12 0 TUDORtOfD 

13 309020 WAVE COOI 

17 4 DIALECT (M 

FazgoraW 90. 


BYE (Mre T Ha 
17 4 DULECT (Mre J Da Rotfrcrtl 

20 304302 MOAN LOVE SONG (Mrs P 


na 80 

S toard90 — 
Brittain 90- 


ElnOsa 811 

R Far IB 

: — 14 

B Thomson 9 


_ M C n ari or ton 10 

R Hifl* 13 

J Lows 8 

K Hodgson 11 
U Bancroft 1 

94 Banque Privee, 81 Great Exception. 7-2 Leon. 81 SUent Journey. 12-1 
fiefdom. 181 others. 

4 JO WENSLEY AUCTION STAKES (2-Y-O: JZ810: 6f) (23) 

1 011110 CHOFIW8 CUNE (C-OJ p BteBSfort) J WHon 811 - -ytetotew m 13 

2 001101 NIFTY GRtRr (D| (Mrs L Griffiths) R Whsakw 51 1 K Brsdshra (S) 15 

(q AaUjon) m Briuaiii 811 

8 UNDOM(DlMCti) Ron Thompson 811 

03 HOHQUMNA(USA)tG Vanan)ODouM>8l1 

0 NO MORE ROSteS (G Reed) C Thornton 811 

30903 PLEASMQ PROSPECT (G-Col R WardenVM H Eastert 

04 PRffCESSBBOA(StEtoiMohennied)MStoulB8ll 

2 RSWNtSCOlG(L Becker) HCaidy 811 

Vs P Good) R HOfinshead 81 5Pcffcs7 

Thompson 811 — RP EHott15 

Vananjo DouW>8n — 6 

fead) C Thornton 811 ... JBfaesdak>5 

10-Col R WardenVM H Easterby 811 — M ttnh 2 

Bch Mohammed) M Stoute 811 WRS*Wwm3 

j)H Cmdy 811 Wtasmss12 

• Sahara Shadow, eleventh 
of 15 in Chepstow's Caerwcm 
Apprentices ' Handicap yes- 
tcFda>. has been declared indav 
ihr ihe Berkeley Handicap, but 
ihe racecourse set decided lhai 
ihe lill\ was vi distressed after 
her exertions dial she ntuM noi 
ami pole again lodax. 

1 109 BACHAGHAfUSA)RSteyson 812-1 1 — „ GMeCotM 

2 091 CHAM OFI»SOMNGgMAl(8DlRRnoeL CM1-7 

j Frost 

3 F18 BBJ.HOPG Ham 1811-«_^ -.Btawsfi 

. . 8 022F ADENS STAR mJBradto ,11-195; GDttftS 

7 1)09 MUOLM TmANS ltes A Krniu 81CM-. GKptefrt 

6 4F8 BOLD OECffTION (Wq W ti Tinw 1810-3 


9 €131 TttGWLmmF HOBS 8181 1 C Gtey 

10 01-0 SEASONB3 EMBI(B) J Brsdey 810-0 OTsagPl 

12 309 ASCOT AGAIN (B) J P aitfil 1910-0 NFwO] 

13 00/0 NICELY MCELYtB) P Bowdan 8104) — R Dentes M 

14 PO-3 SWFT BICOUNTSt (Cfl) NB Thomson 7-1D-0 • 

D Morris (7) 

7-4 Athens Star. 82 Crab of Reasoning. . 7-2 Swn 
Encounter. 11-2 Bactiaga. 181 Beil Hop. 181 others. 


3m2f 100yd)(12) 

2 Ml ABEROY R Oampton 7-114 — - 

3 FPP- COMO LODGE WG Mann 8114 

4 F JOE FLASH KW Dunn 7-114 

5 B2 MK3HTY D ISASTE R WKwid 81 14 

6 W4 WBWgB USKBBFQonaairlMM^— 

7 mp STORES GOLD P West 811-4 _M 

8 P39 WONKEYSLUCX (B) AJ3umt»rtBbr8Tl4 

: AC 






- 9 F-PO AUGHTMENT D R Tnrkra-B.KV.ia ' 

10 m- BOLD ACCUUM R Frost 519t3_^_Tj«Su 
« G HE Wl N OWGTuniar 81813 JZZZTjii Q*W 1 

12 B STOttEYARD W A MHams 7-1813 AJUmM 

13 4f TVetSTS QUEST (B)P Hobbs 191 813 fitter HobBa^ 
„ Jl-4 .Ab arpy, 7-2 Disaster. 81 Prinea 

Uf .Sj/TWa Quest 181 Montoya 

12-1 SJOncyanj, 14-1 ottWS. 


Blinkered first time 

3 110340 PEATSWOQO 

shew® 15 
KtteriSy 7 

81 Fhctotum. 7-2 Coccofrito. 81 Nohotolfte. 81 Princess Emma, 81 
Rgtenk to teg . 181 Wave Goodbye, 181 odiwv- 

EP&M: 4.40 Faatik. 

Gre en sward Boy. Metraman. 
Tctenda. Dohty Baby. 

CHEPSTOW: 445 Fdrtytoier. 5.15 


1 31-3 W sax TIMES W tamo 8lM — - — ^RJBman 

4 AWi TWMASCOURT m P tatabs 8184-,— tater Hab to 

5 141- SWIFT ROTALE Sherwood 81 £M_ S Sherwood 

6 3FF* BOLT THE OAITD WBaws 7-192 QMcCowt 

(£2347: 2m 150yd) (5) 

l ISStTlSf Frest 7-11-10 : _ jWoet 

? 4RWTRA0 E.G Th omer 81 1-6 pRarUd 


h % 

— -w . 



German reaps 

of his wonder 



i? > t. ' 

V--, 4 ’ 

frA v- 

l •• >1 


. - '*:> : , 

* t*: 




15 IM. 3. M. L 

Tote £5.00: 

Penoitatn). s FntSwHM (Sfli). 16 Gaelic 
Ftotw 25 Sparkler Spn (fei). 8 raa NR 
Gunwn Boy. hL 2V.L 2*1, 1*1. 1 W K 
Batiey at East ustey. Ton: £4410: Ei.ift 
AM El JO. DF: £9.12 CSF: £18.17. 

tt-favj- ALSO RAN: 11-2 Dymam Place 

£2 10, £9.80, £6.10. DF (winner or aid 
with BAy OtSWut Cl 70. CSF: £13752 
Tncast £1.200.21. 

345 (toi a IBDyd) 1, fisdra (N Cartsto. 
3-1); 2, Tlgerwood (1 00*30): 3. 
jamesmead (7-4 fay) 5 ran 3. a join 
RtzG^ad. Ten: £3i0.£1.70. £1 60. DF: 
£Md CSF: £11.82. 



Tow £4 JO: El SO. Cl 050. 

£544 oo. CSF; £5353 
445(71) 1, toipretei PaJaca (M Wood. 
1 1-4 iwwi; 2. Royal Barks (SO- 1); 3. Easy 
une(7-Sl ArmeboBna il-4n-tav. urm 
1H isf C TWO*. Tote CL20. fi52 
£850. £190. OF; £1244®, CSF: 8S2D*. 
Tncast. £16735. 

5.15 nm)1. Baalnaly Biter (N Canale. 
20-1); 2, Concorde's Damon (14-1): 3, 
Lady La Paz (4-1). niton Snare 7-2 lair. 
22 ran. NR; Canwar*. Surtna S. DM. P 
Walwyn. Tote £47.00: £1150. £1252 
£350. OF: £509.80. CSF; £28052- 

By Jenny MacArthnr 

The crowds at Douglas wide watei 
Bonn's Hickstead show fence that 
ground have become accus- Hickstead 
tomed to applauding West Germans 
Germany's • Paul type of c 

Schockemohle and Next though wi 
Deister. Yesterday the cheers the water 
rang out again when the pair champion* 
wotl- the Silk Cut Grand Prix It was ti 
:. 24 hours after claiming the world cha 
£20,000 first prize in the Sflk chen, who 
Cut- Derby. SchockemOhle, ' problems 
who loves competing at though Sc 
Hickstead, achieved the same jumped it i 
double with Deister in 1982. easier at H 

The l 5-year-old Deister ap- ' theraiL 
peared none the worse for his Problei 
.... Sunday labours in yesterday’s -horses, rfl; 

• competition. Schockemohle prut of the 
said be bad no worries about the water 

‘ jumping him on two gnndinglu 
successive days because he John Whit 
had only had to complete one scot ch, wb 
round in the Derby. refusals. 

He admitted; however, that A noi he: 

' he had not gone flat out m the Sf™?!™ 311 * 
■ jump-off yesterday for two 

reasons: . “First, it wasn’t JSJKCJ. 
ka £20,000 at' stake (the Grand >^ ar -°“ hc 
^ Pox is worth £3,000) and, 
i second,becauseoftherain — I ■ "VS 
thought I would probably 
come second or third.” jump-rff: 

•- It was Annette Lewis, on SJfwg 
-■ Tutein, and David Bowen. Pr . 

& with Boys^ius Welsh Derby SSJt 
• , winner, who filled those two uirkiMH i 
places. Miss Lewis, the ran- Jchockec 
... ner-up, has produced consis- w ^ 

• ten tty good performances ul , 

.. during this meeting. She was a horse _ 

■ .. winner on the opening day and Uacisv 
: . and then completed Sunday's h . find _ 
taxing Jumping Derby for the 1 

., first time. Today the rider,. comoL 
' aged 21, sets off with Tutein RESUL TS: si 
for the Continent, where they 
are competing at liege, 

The most influential fence Bowen), 4. 3 
on the course for the Grand fo— » <*“■» 
", Prix yesterday was the un- JJ'gJxJJ 
usual combination — the mid- , Mackeni7Han 
— die. element- wa$ a. rail oyer a . from Ireland 

wide water ditch. It is a type of 
fence that has not been seen at 
Hickstead. before but the West 
Germans jumped a simitar 
type of combination — al- 
though without the rail over 
the water — ' at their 
championships -this yean. 

11 was then included at the 
world championships at Aa- 
chen, where it caused sbuifar 
problems to yesterday’s, al- 
though Schodcemfthle, who 
jumped it perfectly, said it was 
easier at Hickstead because of 

Problems arose when 
horses, afl set to jump the first 
part of the fence, suddenly saw 
the water and came to a 
grinding halt — as happened to 
John Whitaker on Next Hop- 
scotch.. who retired after two 

- A ' ; 

- 'V" ; . 

- v ^ 

* -* 


Unlimited miteagerradi ig cars and rim sweeping throngfa the streets of Binmagfam (Photograph: Peter Llewellyn) 

powerboating cricket “ Weather 

iig race is Surrey’s title hopes causes 

ibiindnnori A confusion 

Another disappointing n a riff j a 

Dut Hiiiott 

last year's winner. The 16- i ■_ • 

year-old horse is beginning to nOlTlP 1T1 |i \ 

Skelton on Raffles St James, 
last year’s winner. The 16- 
year-old horse is beginning to 
show his age and yesterday hit 
the first fence and the penul- 
timate. Only four reached the 
jump-off: Schockemohle, 
Bowen, Miss Lewis and Mi- 
chad Whitaker, with Next 

Big race is Surrey’s title hopes 
abandoned take a battering 

but FJlintt By Itd Tennant 

By Bryan Stiles 

The London leg of the world 
Formula Two Grand Prix series 
had to be abandoned yesterday 
because driving rain made con- 

CHEUfSFORD: Surrey, with 
three first innings wickets in 
hand, are 56 runs behind Essex. 

Come the Bank Holiday, 
come the rain and, conceivably. 

Warren Point, the winner of dilions too hazardous at the 
the other two . Grands Prix at Royal victoria Dock. Two of 

Hickstead this year. 

Schockemdhle was the first 
to go and achieved his clear 
round. He now rides his great 
horse in a combined snaffle 
and Hackamone bridle which 

the 20 catamarans overturned in 
separate incidents, and the driv- 
ers decided it was too dangerous 
to race the 130 miles an hour 

Hie less powerful Formula 

he finds gives him better Three boats were able to com- 
controL pleie their world championship 

event and it brought the fust 
RESULTS: Sik Cut Grand Prix: 1, win of the season for Andrew 
Ng? Deister (P SchockemOW* Elliott of Bracknell. He fought 

his way up from lhe middle of 

ISUSrV 39^ !s* !$ȣ 

lange (team chase): Wlumr over Ernst Reto, oFSwitzcrlauia. 

WaSiSf RESULTS: Formula Throe world 

the end of Surrey’s challenge for wickets. He had Lynch caught at 
the championship. The weather guDey and Feltham, sweeping, 
was also against them at taken at deep square-leg. By now 
Dartford last week; now they are the ball was turning and listing 
not happy with the pitch either, sharply. 

1 Before lunch they were off 

ISS m SS Mom “ for ^ 

batting. ESSEX First mmngs 222. 

Surrey, two wickets down SURREY: Rret hmings 

OTOTi^t. lost .can um yog ^ s ^Si^S£t^sr=. I 

after he rompletwl a half- a jswiwtc E ast b Ct** 4 

century, including six fours, in T E Jesty c e«m h fombt 23 

171 minutes. Childs had him MAyrohcFtetcterbcimfa is 

caughl at leg-slip as he shaped to ■ - .. ti 

glance. Rain then interrupted u a Feitham c Fbswr b chOda 5 

play for half ah . hour. KT M od yc ottnotout - — 9 

Shortly after resumption Jesty =J 

Richards pushed into the cov- Bonus P(*ts: Essex S. SwreyS. 
era, hesitated, went for the shtfe urrokasDOOstear ana dj constant 

?X 3 EiX m -SJS.: JKatSKBSSSfiB ^SS=m==ii 

I • w : «?» “C hat. Eight rtms later 115 . 5-123, 6-142. r-l4a 

Amencan polo players put trophy on the line SStSff£SS&S SSBRSMSSt— . 

The English challenge is on Mendis adds to the 
for the Westchester Cup gloom for leaders 

= g -The Angto-Anericaa West- ponies sa ili ng a h ead of them, set Barrett, Vima Lockett and H A Bv Peter Ball 

■ f^f sto ^ np its fxa- off for New York in the Canard Toakinsoo, trinmpked In 1914 n . n __ .7. 

- teaajy tins month and may be Boer, SS Sermon - in two matches, 8^3, 4^-2% OLD TR.IFFORD: Lancashire.. fhe arrival of Graveney’s 
• re8, " a L *** f®™**' _was composed of fov cavaby — a couple of months before »wA nine first innings wickets tn sp j n predictably accounted for 

r &e first time since the hut cOptahra: John Watson, the gehm to the Great War. That h ° nd - orc J 61 runs hehmd . Chad wicL frappedTcg before on 

LLiVl ULtfim The weather threw everything 

into confusion at yesterday’s 
man* Halford Birmingham Superprix 

„ . _ . for Formula 3000 cara, the event 

** which “ w ««« racing in 
i,- Britain for the lira time. Right 
'J^ osc reward for his Qxtra the breinnmg there were 

problems tt^rogadieredonSe 
year contract, took two further ^ ^ u, e 

idrets. He tad Lynch caught at scheduled start had to be de- 
- iP ey *5 d Felth * m ’ 1 s»«epin& layed 20 minutes. 

i^S^SSS^StnSZ When'** * finally got 
WS tumn * llst ™8 under way, it was the Pavesi 
snarply - Rafts of Italian Pier-Lnigi Mar- 

Before lunch they were off tini and Luis Sala which sped to 
again and the rain was persistent the fore, Sala passing his team , 
enough to cause an early mate on the second lap and 
abandonment. More is forecast drawing away into a comfort- 
for today, so we nay never able lead. Behind. Michel Fene ! 
know the true nature of this of France and Eliseo Sabmr of 
pitch, so strongly criticized by Chile, m March and Lola cars 
Surrey’s captain on the first day. respectively, were distant 
msR.PMMnn.Mi threats until Sala spun twice. He 

swtrev^^in® lost his car’s nose cone and was 

a l Butctwr c East d AcfSd 23 being reeled in again by his three 

G s Canton c pricnard b CMds — _ 55 challengers when Andrew Gil- 

T E A bert-Scott, of Britmn^ span his 

MA^dicRMcftebaiMs 16 Lola mto Alain Ferres aban- 

tC J Rivards run out .. — 3 doncd March, causing the race 

ua^S^S2L^5S£ 'l to be stopped on lap 25. 

k r bC *** — — l After aperiod of considerable 

Exnatb7.to2) 9 delay and uncenamty, die race 

Total ffwktt, 73 overs) 166 was declared over with half 

STCtaiftsand'RiPoGocktQbBL points awarded and the result 
fall ofwkxets: 1-40, 2-49, 3-107, 4- was taken as ft stood on lap 24 of 

^ 52 laps. Thus, 

Sala ' form the Martini team, 
Uinpires: D O Ostoar and DJ Constant *-*».—* .k. 

Hfcwaa 1 ** 

10 (1m 4f) 1 . PACTOLUS (Mr H van oa Lady La Pm (4-1). 

22 ran. NR; Csnnan. Surfna. 5L t W. 
1 No^IS" P* R Hiflchmson, 4-1). uwwyn. Tote £47.00: E11M. £113 
AL» RAttJl^ Vonsdtv 1W £3»: OF: £500 Jft CSF; £28852. 
CadaSun fSthv, 8 RvgaS SmI, ib ptacme 1721 . 15 . 

KSSUS.SAkHtf wSrerhampton 

G Harwood at Pufcorouoh. Tote £4.90; flofa^aolt 
tim £150. n.40. dS £&80. CSF: 

£ 16 . 18 . Tricast £4759. 2n*i 407iaac. 

SaS (7ft 1. ESFAHAN(A MWTW. S-1); Z 
RrtHota(PWaMmi.8-1);3,Bhwwaiar(M »gE__ __ 

HfiMs. 1 5-21 ALSO RANr 10-11 (avEaStam S254JJ0.CSF.-e0 
House {5m}, 12 Asticour{4th). 20 Miranda 240 pm) 1 . My 
JuBa (3*). 33 MudWia, Khanana, DMm tori; 2. Hi A Dream 
Flng.9ran.1LsiiM.2L1L2l. JDiariopai jLoran. 1JW.8LBI 
AiundeLTow £5.70: £1^0. £230. £1.70. £1^0. £1-60. DF: £ 

DF-. £27.60. CSF: £45^6. UtUn2^6BM». SJBtlm Ifl t.Sat 

45 (W) 1. KHAKIS LOVE JP Cook. 9-4)c *• Kavatai 3. 

2. ABtaap (A Murray, 7-1): 3. Rkw 

CSrWw(C Ftouar.6-1L ALSO RAN; 1M 

far Marimba (4ffiL 12 Man J totes. 18 niaw. CSF: ESI. 

Oh My Joy. 20 Ringdon BuSdera (5th), 3L30(1m4f) 7. Ho 

Percy, 33 Blau Ce*«Si(6mX Hans Lana. 2. Red Shoes K-U 
10 ran. 21. ltd, hd. 1L St P Walwyn at 
Lam&oum. Tow E3.C», El 50, *20. _ 

£1.50. DF: £8^). CSF: £18-04. Iran OF: ajM. CSF: £11 
mSBsee. to pm 81 11( 

4^pm2h1.JWU3ELtRVtenharft.S- *4fc 0. Ou 

It a No BoWer (B Rouse. 9-ir 3. Prime 2* @ 

Humberts Caullwn. 7-2 lav). ALSO RAN: ““EjHgjjSSL 0 
A BoM Borderer (bm), *2 Run Charlie M.70. CSF: £058. 

{Sth). 11-2Aah JknBoy (4th). SSandy BO. tSOOmiqi.BM 

7 ran. 3L 4L 51. 3L «>■ D Murray-SoAn at 1 far); 2. Cha»ce Ol 
Lamboum. Tote £920: £240. £550. DF: GHamajM). 14 n 
£37^0. CSF: £6952. 2irtn 1153S0C. Torn: £3.30; £1.70 
5.10(7T)1,LAOrFORTWQrMAG11as. “TO. CSF: £1350. 

9-4 fav): 2. Umsuay (M Hits. 8-1): 3. “ 

ffaacue Packaoa (P Waleron, 7-1). ALSO **** 

non P4-1); 3. 
Share 7-2 fav. 

ftno-S. 1W.P 


25(51)1, Vtvett (E Guest. 33-1 1 2. Print 
■IK 3, Spanish Calm (ML On Your 
Ptmcasa 2-1 dir. 13 ran. ML nk. W tente 
Torn: E35.90; CS tW. £250. OM. DF- 
£25450. CSF; £201,06. 

230 pm) 1. My Darya (A Macfcay. 4-5 
tori; 2. Ml AOream (7-4^3. Kkdcy Dawn S- 
1). 6 ran. 1 KL 8L B Mditohon. T&a: £1.10: 
£150. £1.60. DF: £250. CSF: £2.70. 

a»pm 11)1. Sola style (J Adams. B-1* 
2. Kavaka (16-1): 3. Oundrada (94 <av). 1 1 
ran. NR: ExpieOve, U ah hd. Q Lewto. 
Tote £750: £1.90. £450. EI BU DF: 
£103.60. CSF: E87S4. Trleast: £25723. 

3L30(1m4f) i. Hotel N(M(N Day, 7-2t 
2. Rad Shoes (4-1): 3. Commanche Baa# 
(7-te Comeiian 6-1 (av. 13 nat 20. 1 KL H 
CadL Tote win £650: £150. £120.0 5a 
DR E95U CSF: £1&Sa 

« (Tm « HOyd) 1. Dunam (O 

Stariuay. a-4t 2. OaSc Baagjon q-4 nit 

3. Mount A 
£4.70. CSF: 

4jo Qm i fl 1 . Bedhaed (R Cochrane, 2- 
1 tar); acftasca Of Stew (Baa. Maria 
GHamajB-l). 14 ran. SL & A SwwnaL 
Tow £330; £1.70. £220. £1.80, DF: 

Jackpae not won. Plaeapob C126JSS. 


Doing: good to soft 

215 pm) i. PETTTBOTfP Price. 14-1): 
. Stenebrakar (J uaka. 4-1t 3. Hatiro 

Pta a totOlg. 

Newton Abbot 

Oetog: good to soft 

215 (2m 150yd tala) 1. Parang (D 
Brorma. 4-7 tm); 2 Comon Lid (6-1); 3, 

Brorma. 4-7 lav); 2 Comon Lid (6-Tkb. 
Thames Trader (14-iL 7 ran. NR; Flame 
Rower. 2X. 15J. P Wahayn. TDte £150: 
£1.20. tm DF: £350. CSF: E&31. 

2. Stonebroksr (J Lake. . 

Habitat (P Hutton, 3-1 lav). ALSO RAN: 
11-2 Bakers Dough. FuO Of Ufa (5th), 12 
Cyan* (401). Keep Cool. Mr Mu& Man. 
Sahara Shadow. 14 Steal Pass, warty. 16 

Ufa (5th). 12 

Potermsos (6th), 33 Taflys Pride, Skmiy 
Dtoper. Mtss Stamm. 15 ran. M.2L3L if, 
SSI, W Musson at Newmarket. Tola: 
£21.40: £4.20. £1.70. £2 20. DF: £6322 
CSF: £74.15. TriCaat £20093. 

the scheduled 52 laps. Thus. 
Sala, form the Martini team, 
was declared the winner, Michel 
Fene and Salazar were second 
and third respectively with Rus- 
sell Spence; of Britain, sixth. 
RESULT: 1. Lute Salazar (Rail RT20) 24 

■xa Tore 
d Stripes 
A. 6 ran. 
152 DF: 

245 pm 4J) 1, HEART OF STONE (T 
3, Tha Joker (R Wsavar. 4-1). ALSO RAN; 
3 Record Wkn Mth). 4 raa NR: Tvs HBL 
4L 141, 7L R Akahurat at Epsom. Tote 
£200. DF: £250. CSF: £5781 


Going: good 

215 Cm 4f hde) 1, Cm Wood (D 
Moms. 3-1); 2 SparWar Suparb (TO-U 3. 
Grangehil (l 1-4). Peruvian Prince 9+ tov. 
9ran. 1 KI.2I.J Davies. Tote £652 £1.12 

£4.40. £1.70. OF 
any other horse): 

rater or second with 
60. CSF: £61-01. 

for. tire first time since the but captains: John Watson,' the 
challenge. « 1939. The trophy team captain - Hurfingham's 

. has remained In American pos- 
. session since the begtming of 
- the Great War, but last spring 

leading figure and the man who 
had exerted by Ear the geatest 
mOnence an the game so far — 

. the Htetingham Polo Assocj- Thomas Hone, Malcolm Little 
ration, backed for the first time and the Hon Richard Lawiey. 
. since- 1939 by the potential The. Americans fielded W K 
. • England squad, compromising Thorn, Raymond Belmont and 
• 3 4 ha ndic ap goals, ch a ll e ng ed - two play era who woakl be among 
the United States Pblo Associ- the first to achieve the top tm 
ation for the Cup in 1987. In rating when the United States 
principle, tire challenge has been Introduced handicapping in 
accepted- 1888 — Foxtail P Keene and 

British cavalry officers, be- Thomas Hitcbock Sar. 
tween 1869 and the late 1870s, The Engfish won easily, in Creo 

founded, and developed the con- straight matches ostof of three. 

dittoes and rules of the modem 
game and showed the United 
; States the way forward. 

The Erst American to witness 
English polo with dose interest 
ana the one who took the game 
to the United Stales, was James 
Garden Bennett Jar, the editor- 
in-chief of the Afew York Herald . 
the man who conunisshmed 
Stanley to find Livingstone, who 
arranged the US Arctic ex- 
pedition of 1879 and who pro- 
moted die Commercial Cable 
company. He was also a great 
patron of American sport. 

After watching some matches 
.at Hortingham in 1876, this 
formidable jomwalist took a 
good su pply of sticks and halls 
home,, dispatched Harry 
Bbssoa, New York's leading 
riding master, to Texas to 
purchase suitable ponies. By the 
rod of. the year, be staged a 
fomonstration game where Fifth 
Areoae joins 39th Street in ‘‘Old 
OidceTs indoor riding aca- 

* "Did yon know that polo is 
veil established in OHr coantry,'’ 
Griswold LoriUard, the Ameri- 
ca spotting magnate, asked 
. msnaily, as a guest at 
-tiurlfaigtam in May. 1886. 
.‘Wefl, bow about a challenge 
hen?” his English hosts replied 
- rod, within weeks, Bennett had 
he Westchester Cop (named 
ifter America’s first polo dab) 

,-r The Harltngham squad, their 

prompting Cochran Sandford, 
the American critic, to admit: 
“The resnlt of the thrashing the 
Hnriingtam team gave as will be 
a good thing. There will now be a 
reorganisation of oar s ystem. 
Oar fellows are all right as 
indiridaab, bat we have enjoyed 
playing to the galleries too 
wefi- n 

After losing the first return 
tournament against Hnrting- 

the tactics 

ham’s Walter Bacfcmaster, P W 
NickaBs, Frederick Freake add 
C D Miller, in 1902, John E 
Cowdin, the American captain, 
wrote Their ponies are bred 
better and trained to stay . . . 
they ride very hard, bnt the most 
impressive feature was their 
invariable amt co nsumma te po- 
sition play.” 

For Che next seven years the 
Americans went to work os their 
tactics and. under the strict 
training mid captaincy of Harry 
Payne Whitney, in 1909, won 
the Westchester for the first 
time. With the same fine-np, in 
1911 — Whitney, Devernex 
Milbarn and the Waterbary 
brothers, Lany and Monty, now 
known as the “Big Four?’ — 
retained it in 1911- They won 
again in 1915, bat Fngtand, 
fiddhm Nad Edwards, “Rattle’’ 

Barrett, Vivian Lockett and HA 
Toakinsoo, triumphed in 1914 

— in two matches, 8%-3,4K-2% 

— a couple of months before 
going to the Great War. That 
was to be their last victory. 

During the- 1890s, the Ameri- 
cans arbitrarily did away with 
-the offside rale, thus 
revolutionising the tactics- Nor 
when Britain was busy fighting 
the Germans did Hmfiagham. 
have any option bnt to fall mto 
fine when the USPA abolished 
the pony height limit of 142 
hands. By 1921, when the cup 
was challenged again, Britain 
had lost many potentially brib- 
tiant yoeng players in the battle, 
and with the waste of, the War 
years, had not only lost toe 
momentum of the game, bat were 
financially poorer, too. 

In contrast, the American 
economy of the 1920s boomed, 
their sporting m illio n a ir es were 
spending more on ponies than 
ever, and, while some of oar 
dubs were dosing, the Ameri- 
cans, especially in Florida and 
Texas, were founding move. 
Meanwhile the name Thomas 
Hitchcock Jnr rose fikea meteor 
in the world of international 

The Westchester was played 
for again in 1924, 1927, 1930, 
1956 and 1959. Only in 1936 - 
when Hortingham was repre- 
sented by Gerald Balding, 
Hesketh Hegbes, Eric TyrreJJ- 
Martin and Humphrey 
G aimless (a Royal Soots Greys 
captain and champion rackets 
player) — did England give a 
good account of herself. “There 
was little or nothing to choose 
between the two teams from 
start to finish,” The Times 
correspondent wrote. “A slight 
superiority in pony-power was 
responsible for the American 

The United States held its 
place as die supreme polo nation 
only briefly. By the mid-1930s 
file Argentinians started their 
series of victories In the Copa de 
las Americas, and collectively 
have smee bees the world's most 
successful players. 

John Watson 


The championship leaders. 
, Gloucestershire, are entitled to 
( feel that fate is turning against 
. them. Yesterday play was Te- 
. stricted to two hours in the 
; morning, the fourth time in 
, their last five matches that the 
[ middle day has been virtually 
> washed out 

, The widespread rain ensured 
i that their rivals were not able to 
lake advantage of their idleness, 
but with' Essex breathing down 
■ ihcir necks, a weakened Lan- 
cashire had offered the prospect 
of extending their lead by claim- 
ing their first win since early 

Thai was on paper anyway. 
But even before the rain set in 
Gloucestershire had made only 
faltering progress after declaring 
at their overnight total of 354. 
Without the services of Russell, 
who had relumed to be with his 
brother, who is in intensive care 
after a weekend accident 
Brassinglon taking over behind 
the stumps, Walsh and Law- 
rence extracted little life from a 
dead pitch, although Walsh beat 
the bat on several occasions. 

a dull day 

By Peter Marson 

Derbyshire lost their last 
three wickets to Eddie 
Hemmings. who took five for 
107. in their advance by 32 runs 
in 13 overs to 275. against 
Nottinghamshire at Trent 
Bridge, yesterday. After Sharma 
had fallen leg before as be bad 
aimed to sweep, Hemmings 
promptly bowled Wood and 

When Nottinghamshire made 
a start to their innings. Broad, 
who had been Notting- 
hamshire's hero in making a 
hundred on the previous day, 
now got out for nought caught 
at third slip by Barnett off 
Malcolm's bowLmg with the 
score two. Robinson was in 
form, though, and he had made 
47 not out and Newell 26 not 
out when rain, shortly after 
lunch, brought about an early 

’ There had been time only for 
one and a half hours play at 
Grace Road, Leicester, in the 
match between Leicestershire 
and Northamptonshire. 
Leicestershire moved on by 104 
runs to 36? for nine. 

Starting out at 263 for five, 

I Boon and De Freitas put on 55 
1 for the sixth wicket before De 
I Freitas, in foiling to Cook, 
became the first ofCook's three 
; wickets. When Larkins caught 
Whittkase. Harper too. had 
taken three wickets, and then, 
Leicestershire were 308 for nine. 

It was here that Winston 
Benjam iii’s batting brightened a 
dull day. and in a flourish of 
four sixes and five fours, Benja- 
min had made a half century off 
24 balls in 23 minutes. 

Cfod wictT frnppedTeg before on 
the back foot, but Mendis was 
less impressed. 

With two centuries already to 
his credit, he looked on course 
for a third until the ram arrived. 
His ability against -pace is un- 
questioned. reviving the sugges- 
tions of two years ago that he 
should receive serious consid- 
eration as a potential England 
tourist, and he was severe on 
Lawrence, cutting, driving and 
hooking him for seven of the ten 
fours in his undefeated 61, his 
tenth 50 of the season. 
GLOUCESTERSHIRE: First innings 354 
for 8 ctoc (P Banbndgt ML J W Uoytts 76 
not out K p TeSrfSs 59. BOWLING: 
Patterson 16-2-33-2 MaKmson 28-6-85-3, 
Hayhint 11-1-36-0; 0'Shaughnessy12- i 
2-42-1: Roney 20-740-2 WaSinson 22-3- 
832 Abrahams 2-044). I 

LANCASHIRE: Rratlnnkigs 

G D Mendis not out 61 

MR Chadwick fcwbGraveney 15 

M Abrahams ret out 13 

Extras (bl.lbl.nb 2) -4 

Total (1 wM. 32 overs] 93 


N H Fekbrottwr. S J O'Sftaughnessy. A N 
Hayhurst. M Wettonson. T# K Hegg. I 
Foftay. D J MaUnson and B P Patterson to 

Bonus points: Lanca s hi r e 2, Gloucester- 
shire 4. 

Umpires: J H Hampshire and J A 



Leics v Northants 



J C BakJerstone tow b CapeJ 37 

R A Cotto C Irteper b N G B Cook 91 

•PwaieycG Cook b Walker 40 

J J Whitaker c G CoOk b Harper 51 

T J Boon b N G B Cook 37 

PAJDeFrtitascWaBcerbNGBCook 19 

tP Whftticase c Lartdn* b Harper 8 

J P Agnew « fiiptey to N G B Cook __ 0 

W K M Benjamin not out 57 

LB Taylor not out — 4 

Extras (bS.fcB,*1,nto 7) 21 

ToteJ(9wfctsdBC) 367 

100 ows 257 for 5. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-78, 2-147, 3327. 4- 
233. 5-238. 6-293. 7-304. 6402 9-306. 

(March 668) 24 laps 5 JO sees behind. 
Fastest top: Bteao Salazar. 

• Martin Donnely, of Ireland, 
powered through torrential rain- 
fall yesterday to take a conclu- 
sive win in the British Formula 
Three championship. . . This 
marked a major success for 
Donnely who has always re- 
garded the Northampton circuit 
as "a bit of a bogey p!ace”..He 
managed to take control of the 
rain-soaked 25 laps after getting 
past Andy Wallace, of Britain, 
who tried throughout to regain 
the lead he had lost but had to be 
content with second. 

RESULTS: T. M Donnely (Bait RT000/88 
VW).24v41.77; 2 AWNtece (Reynard 663 
VWL 24:4242 S. J Barfey (Raft RTD0/B8 

4.15 (1m 2Q 1. PSYLLA (W Ryan, 4-6 
fav): 2. Travel Mystery (N Howe, ID-1); 3. 
Magic Tower (G Baxter. 9-1). ALSO RAN: 
114 Smashng Mtte (4ttij, 5 Glowing 
Promise (5th). 33 Austina (6th). 6 ran. NR: 

2-45 (2m 41 ch) 1, Ikoyt Sunset (P 
oxtemore. 94); 2, Turtena (2-1 lev). S 

Scudamore, 94); 2, Tu 
ran. dst NR: Gountr 
Macaulay. Ton: E3.00; 
£3.40. C5F: £7.35. 

k. Mra N 
£1.80. DF: 

ra (6th). 6 ran. NR: 

Sweet Domain, a. 31. %l. m 4L H Cacc at 
NewmaikeL Tote: £1 SO; £1-22 £240. DF: 

<45 (7T) 1. NOftTHSHBJu (W Newnss, 

3.15 (An 200yd h(De) 1. Rmgmre (R 
■Four. 5-1): 2 Draw Tli tnart-l); 3. 
Jftune Finder (3-1), Derby Day 4-7 lav. 4 

Bariour. 5-1); 2 Draw 
Fortune Finder (3-1), D 
ran. 21. «. J Parkis. 
£15-90. CSF: £3230. 

3. Accustomed (W Woods, 10-1). ALSO 
RANr.5 Atew. 10 Hotts Way. 12 Dawn 
Romp (4oC 14 Aprils SW. 16 Go My Pat 
(5te). Our PeL 20 Foly Gate. Ocaan Hound 
(8th). 11 ran. NR: Cas-En-Bas. Steipie 
Taste. 1HL SL 101. a. 1L H Candy at 
Wantam. Tote: £2.10; £1.12 £1-70. £A92 
DF: £230. CSF: £263. Pteoapot £245, 


Going: good 

345 (2m 200yd hrte) 1. Brant MvareMe 
(R GmsL Evans lav): 2, BlafTan NOvOd (9^ 
4^ 2 Atm4's Gem «-4L 3ran. 20L 9. G'. 
Balding. Tote: £200. OF; £142 CSF: 

4.15 (2m 100yd ch)1. Vale Chefcnge (K 
Ryan. 2. Skjtendar (25 tavk 3. 
Squareflitaate (B-1). 3 ran. NR: Dance 
The Bkns. uLdtet K Morgan. Ton: £2Ja 

DF: £1.12 CSF: £282 


Robinson rises 
after his fall 

By A Correspondent 

Neil Robinson scored his first 
win in the I300cc Shell Oils 
ACU British Transnational 
championship at Oulton Park 

In the previous day’s round 
the Skoal Bandit Heron Suzuki 
rider had challenged ihe even- 
tual winner, Roger Burnett, i 
before falling but ibis time 
Robinson made no mistake in 
the rain to take the sixteenth 
round ahead of Roger Marshall 
and Roger Burnell, the 
Rothmans Honda Britain stars. 

The 250cc race was taken by 
Kevin Mitchell from RobOrme. 
despite Orme putting in the 
fosiesi lap in the race, which was 
shortened to six Japs, as was its 
predecessor, because of the atro- 
cious conditions. 


lav); 3. Just 
G Baktew. 
£2.70. CSF.' 


Gates: Chaw course - good to linn; 
nunflas cowraa - (ten 

230 (2m hdto) Easy IQn IP CDonnai, 
11-10 favk 2. Non Step (8-1); 2 Sterna 
SpwteJII-4). 11 iwTS. 4L R Poacock. 
Tote: £2.42 £120. £3.12 £150. DF: 
£1320. CSF: El 3. 54. 

3J J2m MO) video (M Brennan. 4-7 
tm); 2 . TrartuBo Blue (25-1); 2 Homy 
Geary Steels (7-1L 7 raa 12. 1L O 
Branran. Tote: £132 £122 £11.72 DR 
£1200. CSF: £1621. 

230 (3m HOyd eft) 1. Penrente Pride 
(Mr A Uy.4-1); 2. Mfenessa (74); 3, Chef 
Marcel (Evans fav). 3 raa nk. cBst K 
Wngove. Tote: Elba DR £200. CSR 

11-10 lav); 2 Non 
Spark* (ll-<). 11 r 

345 (60 1. HARRY HUNT (J i 
1 ); 2. Shaiphaven (K Dailey. 
Roste’a Glory (W Carson. 1 5-6 1 

tev. 15 

Carol, 6- Davies, 8-13 n 
12-U 3. dtst T Forster. 




Blue Cap (5-4). 2 ran. 

Lady. 20 Enchanted Court 
Double. 11 raa Kl, a hd. 41. 

Double. 11 raa hi, 2 
Coekertiem. Tota 
£120. DF: £4070. 
I4.40sec. No bid. 

to: £522 £122 
.72 CSF : £77.02. 



1TT * n Going: (ten 

20 (2m If ndtel 1 . K ss tecfc y Caking (N 
DougMy. 20-1): 2 Ron Wmtor 16-1): 2 
Royal Vateur (8-1). What A Urn 5-2 fav. 10 

Royal VafewriM). WhatA Una 5-2 fav. 10 
ran. 31. 151. Mbs C Caros. Tote £21.50; 
£5.10. £180. £250. DF: £33.62 CSF: 

BOWLING: MsDender 234-64-2 Capef 
224-72-1: Walter 19-3-72-1: N G B Cook 
31.2-10-694; Harper 29-11-77-3. 
Nodhunptenshirs: *G Cook. W terttee. R 
J Boyd-Moss. FI J Bakey, O J Capel, R A- 
Hareof. ID Ripley. USB Cook, N A 
Malbndar. A walker. P G WIBams. 

Bonus points: LekasterstaB 2 North- 
amptonshire 2. 

Umpires: ft A White aid J Birkensftaw. 

Notts v Derbyshire j 

DERBYSHIRE: first tenters 

*K J Barnette Scott b Rice 77 

|B J M Maher b Afford 31 

A HU b Hsmtntiws 15 

JEMoniecRobbsonbHenvNrns _15 

B Roberta c and bRics — . — 37 

G Mflter e Scoft b Cooper — — 6 

A E Warner c Scott brick 12 

R Shams tew D HemmsHte — 29 

R J Fteoey not out 23 

L Wood b Hemmtegs — - — 2 

DEMafcofenb Hammings — O 

Extra* (D 9, to 19) -26 

To« 275 

Score St too OWE 255 tor 7. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-112, 2-125. 9-158, 
4-181. 5-172, Baft. 7-237, 9256. 9267, 

BOWLING: Plek-124-19-1: Cooper 164- 
45-1; U emnangs 42-10-107-5; Afford 18- 
444*1: Rice 17^32-2. 

NOTTlNGHAMSmtE: Firsi Inntngs 
B c Bread c Bemett b Malcolm 0 

RTftobteeonnotout 47 

M Names not out 26 

Exns(b 1,lb2nb2) 5 

To«a afct29o rare) 73 

•C E B Rice, P Johnson, J D Birch, 1C W 
Scott, RAnck.EE Hemmtegs, K E 
Cooper and J A Aflord to baL 

Bonus points: DerOyshke 2. Nodtegtwn- 

Dmpiree: D Uoyd aid R Jiteea 


Garton shows 
his paces 
at high speed 

By a Correspondent 

The standard class national 
championships at Dunstable 
ended damply yesterday after 
six contest days of very mixed 
soaring conditions. On Sunday 
the final race over 350km was 
won by Chris Garton in a 

Using the predictable and 
strong thermals be achieved the 
veiynigh speed of I02.3kph- 
Thirty five of the 37 competitors 
competed the race. This was in ! 
sharp contrast when aB the 
pilots landed away during 
Saturday’s 416km race set into 
dismal overcast skies to the 

Martyn Wells, the Bnush 
team pilot (LS4). flew consis- 
tently well throughout the con- 
test In the final race he was 
I2kph foster than David 
Wan, the long-time leader, to 
lake a 100 poun lead. 

445 (50 1. PARADISE COFFEE (W R 
Swrtxra 9-2L 2. Rtetoow Tram (W 
Carson. 5-iL 3, Lamb Back (A Proud. 7-2 
ft-fav). ALSO RAN: 7-2 tefav Yowg 
SnwfiL 5 AitobeBi (6th), 8 Jamas Owl 4th. 
14 rataw Shades ram). 16 Not So SQly, 
20 Overpower, 25 Vol Vltesaa, S3 
Atakashack. Queens Comeebon. 12 ran. 
1)41, 1*1, DU. 1XL DM. O Douteb at 
NewrmrfoBt Tote: £342 E2.00, Cl JO. 
£1.70. OF: £440. CSF: £2295- Imte 
OOSSsec. Ptecepo t. E3.7D 


Going: good 

, B0JM 1. BreCteeak tLChamock. 94 
After a stewards' Inquiry Ihe restdl stands. 

_ « Fter (G Frerate. 4-1 fav); 

210(2m1fch)1.Doni(Dum(PTuck l 4- 
iy.2Gewen House (S-lkX AbaWn (6-1). 
Hardy Ranch 5-2 lev. 8 ran. NR; Our Bara 
Boy. a. 2W. G Rchards. To»: £5.30; 
£1.72 n^O. £1.72 DF: £7.». CSF: 

345 (2m 7f hd)e) 1 . Eaater Brig (P Tuck. 
1 14 tavl; Z Baton Mash (1 1-BJc 3. Mapur 
OO-iL 9 ran. NR Sen Mayo. 8L hd. G 
Richwds. Tote; £4.32 £1 .62 £1.70. £340. 
DF; £940. CSF; £1838. 

420 (2m 5f Ch) 1, 81 Cohne (P Tuck. 
Evens tete; 2. Mossy Cones CZ-ty-- 3. 
Ctonsharagh (a-U 6 raa NR Mara css 
Bey. 2'4L 3L G Rtcnarcte. Tote: Cl .90; 
£130. £140. OF; £1.72 CSF: £3.63. 

445 (2m 11 hrte) i. Adcinsoos (P Tuck. 

DF: £1140. CSF; £27.12 Trieast £11212 
MJSfJl. Try toe Datoasa (D McKay. 
M-lk 2, GamM (6-1); 2 Smgmg Stevm 

™!L 1 fSk 1>s * “ usner. 
T«at £1733; £292 22.12 21-12 OF: 
£5330. CSP £93.02 




# stands. DF; £7.72 CSF: £1166. 

n 1 4 4-ftav^2 po!ct CnsmBrao |!3. < Ram% 

SttRfisakKUftf as«s«PMa are; 

£11212 £13.00. CSF: £1440. Ptecapot: £31 JO 

Going: firm 

230 (2m hdtor) 1. Dream Mer c han t (G 
McCowL 4-6 tavt 2, Bngam Bay (1*-1k3. 
Cats titesby (11-1). izran. 15. fcL R 
O-SteSvat Towr euBO: £1J22 £2.62 
£2.42 OF: £7.02 CSF: £1212 
M (2m 4f ch) i. carta Tafcot (R 

OtototeajM)! 2 Part HerofffM (avkS. 

Srrtarflted (7-a. 6 ran. 18(, §1 J LOrn. 
Tote: £550: &30. £1.72 DF: £14.12 
‘CSF: £2352. 

23D(2m 41 heteo) 1, Rufcfte (G Landau. 
100-30): Z Sexton Ash (9-4 tevk 2 Dust 
Conqueror (Mi 7 ran. a. la Mra N 
Smith. Tota 83.80; £220; £252 DF: 
£452 CSF: £1072 


450 (1m 2ft 1, Ktegte Crusade (G 
Sexton, 11-2); 2. Bracouiy Has D6-1); 2 
'Sal ftlGhoy (8- Ik 4. Loud Landing [£lL 
.Space Trooper 4-1 tev. 17 raa M, 4L Q 
Ltew- Tote: £850; £150. £5.(0. £230. 
I £252 DF: £9952 CSF: £9455- Tricast 
1807282 RaomtESUK. 


No play yesterday 


... . . . ... -- a . 

Top trass: England's first wmhers of the Westchester Csp 

CARDIFF: Glamorgan 157 tor 7 (91 overs: 
J Darnck 52) v Kent Bonus points: 
kaamortw i i, kerns. 

BOURkfilOVTH; Yorkshire 212: Hamp- 
srtra 58 tor 4 {244 overeL Bonus paints: 
HmaptUn4, mrkaNnZ 

overs RO 
v Sussex. 

HOVfc Mttfen ZS4 tor 6 
Butcher 69. K R Brawn 
SBnuspoi^ Susses Z L— «« ». 
WOhcSter: w&nvtokshire 216 tor 7(86 
overs) « Woreasterahira. Bonus points: 
Hfaresstorstarea, itonte te a Ma a 

Gote|p good to soft 
215 1. Sum H encfterJ 

9*1): Z Bay Wonder (11-1); 

-1): 3. Aa Of 

.33-1); 2 Bay wonder (ll-l); 3 L Act Of 
.Treason pi -a. lltoa More 11-10 lav. 17 
raa Vi, JSI. J Francome. T«« £84.12 
£11.12 £1-70. £2ia DF: £19940. CSf! 

245(1m2t ITOych 1. HartrewBtaaartB 
Wftttsorth. 7-&, i L’Etoile Du PsiteS ft*. 
Ik3, htenflo (11-2). Nelson’s Lady 3-1 bv. 
p3 ran. NR Grand Cteabratioa %L 8L R 
Simpson. TotK £350; £1-1 Q. 8232 £252 
DF.mS). CSF) £56.14. Trieese £28222 
B o ntev e r d (Pat 
Bddw HjNbte; Z C ream And Green 
(33-lfc 2 RowraB (9-1). toOtt 92 Jt-fsv. 

450 (2m fxOe) 1, Ifr Canctacue (Mto 
1k 3. Namoos; (5-4 iMav). 5 raa 2KL 12L 

y. Totes £142 

. DF: £752 


-TT-v A V AimTTCT 9C. 




Injudicious comment 
to referee earns 
Rush a sending-off 

By Dennis Shaw 

Liverpool 0 

Manchester — 0 

Players and officials were 
involved in after-match con- 
troversy when Ian Rush was 
sent off in the aftermath of the 
goal -less draw at Anffeld. The 
Welsh international, who 
moves to Juventus for £3 
million at the end of the 
season, was “sent off” for 
‘‘foul and abusive” language 
as he was leaving the field. 
“He made a comment to me 
and I sent him off,” Ken 
WaJmsJey, the Blackpool 
official, said. 

The ill-feeling dated to an 
84th minute incident when a 
shot by MacDonald, a sub- 
stitute, struck Cements on the 
arm but the referee waved 
play on. 

As the players and officials 
left the field there was a good 
deal of arguing and dissent 
“There is one law for the 
players and one for officials,” 
Kenny Dalglish, the Liverpool 
player-manager, said. “An of- 
ficial swore at one of my 
players but tbe lad could not 
send the official off” Rush 
declined to comment on the 

Liverpool, who last season 
won the League and FA Cup, 
proudly displayed the latest 
additions to their unique 
collection of trophies before 
the kick-off' but were then 
unable to reproduce the 
match-winning qualities 
which captured them. The 
champions were frustrated 

and ultimately mesmerized by 
a defensive display of commit- 
ment that contained every- 
thing — including the 
necessary luck. 

Manchester City had ar- 
rived with a record of one win 
at Liverpool in 13 attempts 
dating to 1953, but they can 
never have worked harder to 
improve those sad statistics. 

It was a day when nothing 
that Liverpool tried in attack 
worked out right. In contrast 
City’s defence, around 
Clements and McCarthy 
could do little wrong. How the 
champions needed one of 
those winning goals by Rush. 

They started slowly, squan- 
dered a chance or two, became 
enmensbed in a rear guard 
which often numbered 10 and 
went through a range of 
moods from casual to frantic. 

By three-quarter time Liver- 
pool had been reduced to 
launching one frenzied assault 
after another on the goal at the 
foot of a Kop becoming more 
alarmed by tbe minute. 
Lawrenson missed twice, 
Whelan run the ball passed a 
post and defensive deflections 
and interceptions added to the 
mounting tail of those that got 
away. In truth Suckling, City’s 
new young goalkeeper from 
Coventry, hid few saves to 
make though he did dive to 
keep out Whelan late on. 

Johnston’s right wing surges 
were the greatest threat to a 
retreating defence though 
Gillespie, a defender, almost 
broke through with a long shot 
which curved the wrong way. 

City were granted the rare 

luxury of two scoring chances 
in the early minutes. Botb fell 
to Christie, the ex-Derby 
striker, conceded by a defence 
temporarily vulnerable as 
■Gillespie and Hansen sorted 
out their positional duties. 
Christie felled to connect 
firmly with the first allowing 
Hooper to save. He then 
stubbed his studs in the turf as 
he attempted to improve on it 

The opposition at Anffeld 
get few such favours and City 
had wasted theirs. However, 
Liverpool proved to be 
equally charitable with their 
finishing. Whelan was a frac- 
tion ofT target from the left 
hand side then fired straight at 
the goalkeeper from the right 

In tbe absence of the famed 
Liverpool brand of finishing 
the crowd chilled by wet, raw 
November-like conditions, 
were forced to concentrate on 
the delicate skills of Daglish 
for first-half consolation. 

Most of the build-ups were 
directed through him allowing 
tbe player-manager to dem- 
onstrate his repertoire.. 

City’s contribution was 
essentially one of dosing 
down the opposition ana 
denying space wherever pos- 
sible. However, it worked to 
perfection helped by 
Liverpool's shortcomings and 
will frustrate opponents at 
lesser venues than this. 

LIVERPOOL: M HoopSC B Venison, G 
G3espto. M Lawrenson. R Wfteian. A 
Hansen. K Oatateh. C Johnston. I Rush. J 
Moby, S McMahon (sutx K MacDonald). 

■uuiulu i cn wn:r ou 

C Wilson, K Ctamaras. M — 

Redmond, 6 Davies (sub: E Barrett). M 
McNab. T Christie, P Simpson. I 

Referee: K Wafrostey (BtoekpooJJi 




By a Special Comspoadent 
Yachts taking part, in the 
Champagne Munun Admiral's 
Cup and the Corqmodorc’s Cap 
were treated to a wet and windy 
start to the' ihree-racc series in 
Torbay yesterday. The rough 
conditions caused a two-hour 
postponement before an amend- 
ment was issued to allow a 
special short heavy weather 
course to be set wdfihside the 

Swinging in the rain: Mabbutt (1 eft) and Whitehurst do a doable tarn (Photograph: Johan Herbert) 

Tottenham pay heavy price 
for their adventurous play 

Uncertain Everton hold on 

By John Doagray 

Sheffield Wednesday — 2 
Everton 2 

Everton, weakened by inju- 
ries to key players and tbe 
departure of Gary Lineker to 
Barcelona, were fortunate to 
escape with a draw after a 
stuttering performance against 
Sheffield Wednesday at 
Hillsborough yesterday. Twice 
Everton found themselves in 
arrears to a lively Wednesday, 
but each time they picked 
themselves up to earn a point 
from a vigorous, if occasionally 
dap-dash, contest 

Wednesday began con- 
fidently, missing two half 1 
chances, before Everton came 
within inches of taking the lead 
in the tenth minute. A well- 
constructed attack that had 
begun with Heath shaking off 
his marker, Madden, with an 
astonishing turn of speed, ended 
with a chance in front of goal for 
Sheedy, who headed over the 

It was a miss Everton were to 

regret, for two minutes later 
Wednesday went ahead through 
Shutt following some confusion 
in the Everton defence. Wednes- 
day attacked down tbe right and 
after Gregory’s low cross was 
mis-kicked by Shelton, the ball 
travelled to Snodin who rifled it 
back across goal where Shelton 
deflected it into the net 

As is their wont. Wednesday 
employed an off-side trap which 
Everton strayed into time and 
again. On the half-hour, how- 
ever, Sharp cleverly made room 
for himself only to pull the ball 
narrowly wide. A near miss by 
Snodin at one end was followed 
two minutes later by a goal at 
the other. Langley won a chal- 
lenge midway inside the 
Wednesday half before turning 
4he ball wide to Sharp who 
scored from just inside the' 
penally area. 

After 61 minutes the defender 
Worthington came off to be 
replaced by David Hirst, aged 
IS, as Wednesday looked for 
more scoring power. The 
substitution worked a treat. 
Almost immediately. 
Marwood's low cross penetrated 

the Everton defence and Hirst 
came thundering in to drive the 
ball home with his first kick of 
the game. Wednesday’s lead was 
short lived though. In the 69th 
minute, Langley drove the ball 
low into a crowded goalmouth 
where it took a wicked deflec- 
tion to send Hodge the wrong 
way and put Everton on level 

Morris. 8 Snodn. P Hart N Wort hi ngton 
(Sub: D Hirst, 61 rains). L Madden. Brian 
ManwocxL A Gregory, L Chapman. C 
Shutt. G Shettnn. 

EVERTON: R Maims; A Harper, P Power. 
K Ratcbffe, D Watson, K Lengtoy. T 
Steven. A Heath, G Sharp. P Wiflcteson, K 

Referee: VQCalow. 

By Nicholas Harling 

Tottenham Hotspur-— 1 
Newcastle United 1 

A goal by Peter Beardsley 
against the run of play three 
minutes from the end or a game 
in which they had been largely 
outplayed by Tottenham 
Hotspur gave Newcastle United 
their first point of the season ax 
White Hart Lane yesterday. 

Beardsely's late strike left 
Spurs rue mg their lost opportu- 
nities and the feet that they had 
only a lucky Clive Allen goal to 
show for all their domination. 
But it would be churlish to 
complain, for at no time did 
Spurs shut up shop, content 
with their lot, in an entertaining 

The price Tottenham paid for 
their adventurous outlook was a 
heavy one, as Beardsley empha- 
sized with tbe goal which only 
served to remind us of what he 
had achieved for En gland in 

So scant was the earlier 

service to Beardsley and his 
much bigger partner in attack, 
the muscular Whitehurst, that 
Spurs could almost be forgiven 
for neglecting their duties in a 
sense. With the greasy surface 
not conducive to defending. 
Spurs sensibly kept on the attack 
from the first minute when 
Mitchell Thomas, their other 
new signing, almost let in Davis. 

Apart from another aberra- 
tion, by Mabbutt this time, 
which presented Whitehurst 
with a shot which Cfemence 
dealt with. Spots kept going 
forward with Hoddle, as ever, 
creating the openings for Allen, 
Waddle and Falco. 

The scorer of all three Totten- 
ham goals against Aston Villa 
on Saturday, Allen owed his 
latest strike to a fortunate 
rebound. It came from the 
outstretched hand of Thomas, 
who bad dived to keep out a 
cross from Waddle, who had 
brought tbe ball out of defence 
and exchanged passes with 
Galvin after Newcastle had 
earned a rare corner. 

Psychologically, the goal had 

come at a good time and 
Tottenham were not slow to 
take tbe initiative after the 
resumption. They poured for- 
ward as relentlessly as the rain 
continued to come down. Rob- 
erts almost ran through for an 
astonishing goal for a man ofhis 
bulk, only for Thomas to fling 
out a desperate hand, and Falco 
had two shots stopped by the 
goalkeeper and another by 
Clarke’s midriff 

Clarke, for upending Waddle, 
and Bailey, for tripping AUen, 
were booked as Newcastle re- 
sorted to foul means to with- 
stand the pressure. Their 
obstinacy bought its reward 
when Beardsley, after exchang- 
ing passes with Wharton, clev- 
erly slipped the ball past 
Clemen ce and Stevens, who had 
come back to challenge. 

Stevens. M Thomas. G Robert*. R Gough. 
G Mabbutt, C Aton, M Falco, C Waddte, G 
Horftfa, A GaMn. 

Anderson, JBafey.O Mctinmy, J curies. 
G Boeder. A Davies. N McDonald, W 
WNMnnt, P Baudsisy. K Wharton. 
RsChmbB Stevens {Gfoucestsrai**). 

Leverkusen sw 

AJvivt AM »vs> (Royal Wea 

■ move Sffi: 
to the top 

stoke’s woe Booked Speedie earns draw 

Stoke, having taken a first- 
minute lead through Carl 
Saunders, lost 2-1 at Leeds and 
had George Berry, their captain 
and centra] defender, sent off 
three minutes from the end. 
Berry was dismissed for his 
second bookable offence of the 

Gordon is put on stand-by 

Wimbledon, at home to 
Aston Vina today, will give 
late fitness tests to Laurie 
Sanchez and John Fashanu. 
Sanchez, a midfield player, 
injured his foot in Saturday's 
3-1 defeat at Manchester City, 
while Fashanu, a forward, 
injured an ankle in tbe same 

Standing by in case Fashanu 
fails his test is Colin Gordon, 
Wimbledon's £90,000 sum- 
mer signing from Swindon, 
whose 1 7 goals helped his side 
to last season’s fourth division 

David Bassett, the manager, 
has also added Mick Smith 
(defence) and John Gannon 
(midfield) to the squad. 

Bassett sai± The lads are 
fairly buoyant after Saturday. 
They realized they played 
quite well at Maine Road, but 
are disappointed they concede . 
ed tbe goals the way they did 
in those eight minutes.” 

Martin Reown, Villa’s sum- 
mer signing from Arsenal, is 
also on stand-by to make his 
debut. The defender, aged 20, 
missed the 3-0 home defeat by 
Tottenham Hotspur on Satur- 
day because of a slight ham- 
string strain, buz could take 
over at right back because of 
an injury to Gary Williams. 

Graham Turner, the Villa 
manager, is unlikely to change 
the side drastically: T could 
not be too critical of the 
players on Saturday,” he said 



Hinault leads French 
team for Colorado 

Paris (Reuter) — Bernard 
Hinault, five times winner of the 
Tour de France, beads the 
French team for the World 
Cycling Championships begin- 
ning on September 6 in Colo- 
rado Springs. 

Announcing tbe team yes- 
terday, French coach Luripn 
Bailly said Hinault, 32, would 
team up with Laurent Fignon, 
twice winner of the Tour but 

absent from the race this year 
through injury. 

The team will be Bernard 
Hinault. Laurent Fignon, Jean- 
Franco is Bernard. Charly 
Berard Alain Vignanon. Yvon 
Madiot. Charly Mcmet, Thierry 
Marie, Jean-Claude Ba&ot. 
Ronan Fensec. Joel Felier, 
Dominique Amaud. 

The substitutes will be Jean- 
Claude Lederoq and Domi- 
nique Garde. 

“We were beaten by top- 
quality finishing from Clive 

David Rocastle, taken off 
during Arsenal's 1-0 victory 
against Manchester United 
will stan today's match at 
Coventry, with George Gra- 
ham, the manager, sticking to 
the same team. 

Blackburn Roms will field 
the side which ended 
Saturday's game against Leeds 
United for the Littlewoods 
Challenge Cup first-round 
first-leg tie at Wigan. Jim 
Branagan, who came on as 
substitute for the injured Ian 
Miller, keeps his plaice. Miller 
is likely to be out of action for 
two months with a broken 
collar bone. 


support for 
North Korea 

Stuttgart (Reuter) — Cuba will 
boycott the 1988 summer Olym- 
pic Gaines in Seoul if North 
Korea is not allowed to stage the 
Games jointly, Alberto 
Juanlorena. the former Cuban 
top athlete said yesterday. 

Juanlorena. in Stuttgart as 
Cuban delegate to the Inter- 
national Amateur Athletic 
Federation (IAAF) congress. 

told Reuters; “We want to have 

the Olympic Games in North 
Korea too. 

“If the discussions between 
South and North Korea about 
sharing the Gaines does noL 
succeed, we will definitely not 
be going. But naturally we hope 
they will succeed” 

Juanlorena. who won gold 
medals over 400 and 800 meters 
at the 1976 Olympics, said Cuba 
considered Korea ro be a single 

The International Olympic 
Committee has awarded the 
Games to Seoul but has en- 
couraged discussions between 
the two countries about staging 
some events in the north. 

The IOC fears that Mure to 
find a solution could spark off a 
general Soviet bloc boycott of 
the Games. 

• In the Dutch league, Marco 
van Basten. last season's leading 
scorer, was among the goals in 
Ajax Amsterdam's 3-0 victory 
over Haarlem. Ajax left it late 
before asserting iheir authority. 

Rijkaard broke tbe deadlock 
after 70 minutes and van Basten 
and Spelbos completed the scor- 
ing in the final 10 minutes. 

By Give White 

Oxford United 1 

Chelsea 1 

TbeJekyUandHydein David 
Speedie’s c haracterjoined forces 
yesterday for a good cause, if not 
entirely synonymous with that 
of tbe Chelsea forward Tbe 
volatile little Scot and a Mow 
Chelsea supporter, having 
agreed to donate £10 each to 
charity every time Speedie 
scores or is booked this season, 
found themselves each having 
to pay out to a worthwhile 

Having been booked in . the 
26ih minute for spitefully kick- 
ing the ball against Briggs while 
the Oxford player lay on the 
ground he was not about to let 
his associate off lightly. Nine 
minutes later the donah cm was 
doubled when be boldly dived 
to head the ball between Dixon's 
legs and past the confused Judge 
in goal 

Last season the good and the 
bad of Speedie would have 
earned for some grateful charity 
£350 (including a £25 bonus for 
a three-goal match or a sending- 

ofT), of which Speedie's 
contribution would have bam 
£1 50 which suggests he is not all 

bad If hitting himself In the 
pocket is not going to curb his 
temper it is difficult to know 
what John Hollins, the manager, 
ran do other t h a n dropping his 
most talented player. Off the 
field Speedie is such a person- 
able young man. 

The early Irritability which 
abounded in yesterday's game 
did not all stem from Speedie 
but fortunately it slowly cooled 
in the unrelenting rain and the 
football eventually surfaced. 
Considering the conditions at 
the Manor Ground, Chelsea 
looked suitably attired in a new 
aqua-marine lot But it was 
Oxford who looked the more 
attractive with a directness 
which Chebea always struggled 
to emulate. 

Godden, in the Chelsea good, 
did well to block a dose-range 
volley by Aldridge in the open- 
ing minutes and McLaughlin 
deservedly earned himself the 
same fete as Speedie when he 
cynically fouled tbe Oxford 
striker as he broke dear. 

After Speedie’s 

misdemeanour, an instance in 
which Phillips of Oxford was 
booked, Chelsea sealed down to 
their best spdL And Speedie's 
goal gave them the lead in the ' 
35th minute. Dune, their latest 

expensive signing from north of 
the border, was notable for tbe 
poverty of his finishing rather 
than anything else, heading over 
in the free position and then 
succeeding in striking tbe ball at 
right angles to tbe Oxford goal 
after a- fluent .move which 
originated ’with foe skilful 

' Oxford eventually polled 
level in the 52nd minute with an 
equalizer which proved to be 
well merited. Langan swung a 
long free trick to tbe far post and 
Briss, climbing high, scored 
with an obtusely angled header 
from dose to the byline. 

Thereafter, Godden was bat- 
tered from post to post as the 
Milk Gap holders rallied for 
what they believed would- have 
.been a deserved victory. Bui 
Chelsea held firm and inevitably 
Speedie almost had the last 
word, chipping in a perfect cross 
to. Dixon’s feet but the England 
forward jabbed the ball over the 

OXFORD UMTHk A Judge; D Langan. J 
Trewick, L PTirtSpC, G Briggs, M StotUl. R 
Houghton, J Aldridge. J CtnriM, T 

CHH-SE^AGtaddenJ" D Wood, C Pates. J 
Bumatud. J McLaughlin. S VHOcs. G 
Dune (Hitt P NevkC N Spacfcnun. K 
Dixon. 0 Speodls. J Morphy. 

Refer**: J Deatun (South 


Bayer Irmlusa moved to 
foe top of the first division for 
the first time over the weekend, 
with a convincing 54) defeat of 
Fortum DftsseMocf in the West 
German league. Those goals 
gave them the edge on goal 
difference over four other 
t patn* , all of them with five 
points from three games. 

. Hamburg, the early leaders, 
were pushed into third place 
after dropping their first point of 
the season in an exciting match i 
at Bochnra which ended all- 
square at 1-1. Bayern Munich 
moved into second spot with a 
3-0 victory at home to Cologne, 
while Emtncht Frankfort are 
lying fourth following their 1-0 
home win over Nuremberg. I 
Buyer Uenfiogen, meanwhile, i 
were held to a 2-2 draw by their : 
visitors, Stuttgart 
- In France. OlympSque Mar- 
seille, who made a number of 
expensive dose-season signings, 
stayed top with an easy 3-0 
victory over Laval, but Nantes 
are firmly on their heds after 
beating Rennes 3-1. Stiskovic,' 
the Yugoslav international, was 
Marseille's inspiration as he 
.scored wifo a sucteentitaninuttr 
. free kick and set up Brisson for 
foe second 12 minutes into the 
second hall Papin, France's 
World Cup forward, completed 
the scoring eight minutes from 

Bordeaux remain third, be- 
hind Nantes, after beating Ton- 
|m 3-.1,; while Paris Saint- 
Germain, the .champions, 
defeated Brest 14). 

A- late goaf by Cbiquinho. tbe 
Brazilian forward, gave Beufica 
a 2-2' draw against Porto, the 
champions, in foe top match on 
the opening day of the Portu- 
guese season. Porto bad taken 
the lead when Gomes, chipped 
the bafi over the stranded 
Benflca goalkeeper in tbe fif- 
teenth minute. 

Benfica. runners-up last sea- 
son, equalized nine minutes 
after the interval when Porto’s 
Polish international goalkeeper 
Mylnarczyk dropped the ball at 
foe feel of Aguas. Tea minutes 
later Porto regained the lead 
through a fine volley from 
Santos, but with four minutes ro 
go Chiquinho’s chipped shot 
was deflected into the net by a 

Ten three-boat teams haw 
entered the AcbmndVCBp for 
IOR boats, won last year by the 
Royal Western Yacht Club, with 

another nine contacting as in- 
dividuals.' The Commodore’s 
Cup has attracted 47 Channel 
Handicap entries, which also 
indude 10 three-boat teams 
wifo foe Royttl Torbay- Yacht 
Club toping corecsia their 1985 

The 1 l-mile triangular course 
-began in a force 6-7 south- 
easterly which fapidly increased 
to force 8. resulting in one ofihe 
Channel Handicap yachts losing 
its mast The fleer started on a 
beat to the first mark by Much 
time Asterix (Royal .Torbay 
Yacht QubX which had been 
forced to turn bade after being 
over the start line, had recov- 
ered to round in second 

After a teach to foe-second 
mark and run back to the finish 
at Torquay, line honours m tbe 
IOR Class went to Musketeer 
(Royal Western Yacht Club A 
team). On corrected time, how- 
ever, h became a win for team 
mate Street Legal, owned and 
helmed by Paul Deschamps, 
former 505 National Champion. 
RESULTS: MnM* CupOOfl): 1. SOM 
Legal. P DMdwnps; 2. Smottey Boar, J 

Hanoi*, R MacDonald; 2* Hetta 
M HoMon; a Black Adder, C Jacobs. 

• Sixty-nine of the world's pre- 
miere production yachts, 

: Nautors Swan range, start racing 
today in the magnificent resort 
of Porto Cervo, Sardinia (Rich- 
ard Eaton writes). The Roksx 
Swan World Cup is a bi-annual 
event hosted by the yacht dub 
Costa Smerakia, the president of 
which is tbe Aga Khan, 

Yachts ranging in size from 39 
to 65 feet are divided into two 
divisions, “standard” and 
“modified". -They will do a 
series consisting of two inshore 
races and two Olympic courses 
over a six-day. period, won two 
years ago by Britain's Keith 
Miller add his dew in Cracker- 
jack IX, a Swan 46. 

• The Bank. Holiday at 
Burnham. Week lived up to 
expectations with min but all 
the boats coming up the river 
under spinnakers brightened up 
the grey rides (a Correspondent 

. In Class' I an interesting 
Course gave foe boats* beat out 
to 'Whitaker and it wasTim and 
Cathy Hemrig’s Baddasti 'which 
got away from the fleet. Kit 
Hobday’s Unbearable, also in a 
good position; was disqualified 
for bong over foe line at the 

Len Baker's SJ35 Erotic Bear 
which had a particularly good 
start won Class 2 from David 
Geaves Kona. 


1:1, Back- 


Sporting Lisbon, third last 
season, beat Chaves 3-1 wifo 
two goals from their veteran 
captain, Manuel Fernandes, 
ensuring victory. _• 


' I " At 1 ■ 

i ■ • . , i . — , i 



, | | j 1 1 



BBC 1 

too Ceofex AM 
t50 Breakfast time win Frank 
Bough am Guy 
Mich elm ora Weather at 
*55,7.25, 7.55, t25 and 
*55; regional news, 
weather and traffic at *S7, 
727, 7^7 and *27; 
national and international 
news at 7.00, 7.30, &00, 
*30 and 920; sport at 
720 and *20; and a 
review of the morning 
newspapers at 827. Plus, 
Junior and Aduft Advice 
Lines; gardening hints 

from Alan Titch marsh; and 

a recipe from Glynn 
Christian. Steve Blacknell 
and Adrian Mills present 
thetr Summertime Special 

at 9.04. 

*20 Laurel and Har 
series, (r) *25 


6.15 Goad Morning Britain 
presented by Anne 
Diamond and Adrian 
Brown, with guest Barry 
Morse, the actor. News 
with Gordon Honeycombs, 
at *30, 720. 720. * 00 , 
820 and * 00 ; sportat 

*40 and 720; exercises at 
*55; cartoon at 725; pop 
music at 725; Jeni 
Barnett's postbag at *45. 


. *9} Newsroumf Special 
Delhrery presented by 
John Craven, on tour this 
week along England's 
south coast *55 The 
Adventures of Buflwinkfo 
and Rocky. Part one of an 
eight-part cartoon series., 

■ 1*00 HartbeatA 

new approach 
to art, with Tony Hart and 
Joanna Kirk, who 

demonstrate how to make 

' tranparent pictures with 

- • special markers, layers of 

cellophane, ofl pastels, 
tissue paper and a magic 

T Adventures of BuUwMUe 

and Rocky. Part 2 <rj 1020 
Play School presented by 

- ■ Stuart Bradley and 

' V Elizabeth Wares. 

_ - 1020 Cricket Third Test 

..... England v New Zealand. 

Peter West introduces the 
final day's play from The 

; ~ 125 News After Noon wHh 

, . Frances CoverdaJe, 

■ ■ includes news headlines 

with subtitles 120 

V~ . Regional news. Weather. 

■ 1.25 Bagpuss. A See-Saw 

• •" : programme for the very 

young, written by Peter 
Finmin and Oliver 

* Third Test 


925 Thames news followed by 
World Chess 

' Championship. A repeat 
of last nights programme 

Vanessa Redgrave: on Channel 4, 

tonight at 9.00pm 

• There Is both sorcery and 
source™ at work in the three- 
TOR SARAH, episode one of 
which Is on Channel 4, 

9.00pm. The sorcery Is the 
witchcraft alleged to have 
been practised by men, women 
and cnHdren of Salem, Mass. 

In 1 69* The sourcery Itos in the 
authenticity of tonight's film 
because Vic Pisano's script 
draws heavily on the 
transcripts of the witchcraft 
trials. In contrast, at least two 
eminent writers. Miner ( with 77*e 
Cmdb/oJ and Sartre (with Las 
Sorderes de Salem), used the 
hysterical happenings in . . 
Salem as a basis for plays and 
films that transferred the 
persecution of the "witches' 
from their original religious 
context to wider political and 
psychological frameworks. 


Pisano is no Sartre or Miter but 
Uka them, be searches beyond 
the Devil and all tts works for the 
truth behind the witchcraft 
trials , and from what I have seen 
of Three So vemigns for 
Sarah so far, he seems to have 

found it in ecclesiastical 

politics and domestic bad blood. 
Atmospherically. Sarah 
cannot be faulted, with its wintry 
landscaped opening and 
hangman's tree complete with 
human fruit The dialogue is 
functional and occasionally 
anachronistic as, for 
instance, when Vanessa 
Redgrave, frying to dear her 
dead sisters names in front of a 
Royal Commission, talks 
wryly about one of the 

possessed Salem girls going 
into her hysterical act " on 
schedule , In an Instant the 
20th century eclipses the 17th. 

• Best of the rest tonight: 

Catherine Lucy Czerkawska’s 
Afternoon Play Maydays 
(Radio 4, 3.00pm), about a 
missing round-the-world 
yachtsman, is only marginal 
about the distress signal of 
the conventional kind. The 
principal business of the play 
is to do with the danger of people ■ 
becoming over-dependent on 
each other. Tonight's Prom 
includes Mozart's Requiem in 
D minor, K 626. (on Radio 3, 
*2Spm). Listening to it will 
heighten your appreciation of 
tomorrow night 's conjectural 
treat. The Mozart Inquest on 

Peter Davalle 

flute), and Haydn (Symphony 
„ NO $6). 8.00 News 
*05 This week's Composers: 
Coates and German. 
Coates's Northwards and 
Eastwards (four ways 
Suite), and German works 
including the prelude 
Romeo and Juliet me waltz 
song from Merrie 
England, and Theme and Six 
_ Diversions for orchestra 
1*00 Music lor Wbmen's 
Voices: BBC Singers, 

with Margaret Phillips by 
Roussel, Bis Penkhonen, 
Krenek and Brahms 



, between England and I 


*00 News with Sue Lawtey and 

- - Nicholas Witche* 


*35 London Plus. 

- ---' 7.00 Vintage Morecsmbe and 

" Wise.* Ernie Wise 

introduces a show from 
the 1 960s in which he and 
Eric Morecambe were 
Joined by Jackie Trent and 
Acker Bilk and his 
_ .. Paramount Jazz Band. 

' 720 EastEnders. Arthur 

investigates Pauline's 
• creative expression 
classes and her 
mysterious teacher, 

Ronnie; The band are 
preparing for their debut in 
the Queen Vic; Pete and 
Kathy receive a shock 
when they return from 
their holiday; and Cassie 
welcomes the new arrival 
at 5 Albert Square. 


. *00 Juliet Bravo: Rowers 
•Tomorrow. Last in the 
-- series, in which Kate, 

. while investigating a case 

!. of vandalism, discovers 

something even more 
serious. Starring Anna 
Carteret (r) (Ceefax) 

. *: *50 Points of view. Anne 

Robinson reads viewers' 

*00 News with Julia Somerville 
and John Humphrys. 

. Regional news and 

■" . weather. 

-- *30 Film: Deadly Encounter. 

(1 982) starring Larry 
Hagman and Susan 
Anspach. A gangster 
. : thriller, containing a 

succession of air stunts, in 
- rs- which a veteran pilot 

running a helicopter 

- charter service in Mexico 

. - becomes involved in a 

- race with some gangsters 

*' who have kidnapped his 

former girlfriend. Directed 
by William A. Graham. 

,11.05 XJV European Athletics 
Lynam introduces 
highlights from the 
•• Siut^art championships. 

of.the day's play Between 
Kasparov and Karpov. 
Strtmgfe Beneath the Sea. 
Starfish and their relatives 
10.10 Joyce and the 
Wheeled Warriors. 

Cosmic cartoon 
adventures 1020 
Gatactica 8* Space 
adventures 1120 Wattoo 
Wattoo. Cartoon series. 

1120 About Britain. Davkl Bean 
talks to Robin Biriey and 
his family, who have spent 
many years excavating 
Hadrian's Wall. 

L00 Jamie and the Magic 
Torch, (r) 12.10 Rainbow. 
Learning with the help of 
pullets, (r) 1220 The 

1.00 News at One with John 
Suchet 120 Thames news 
presented by-Robin 
Houston 120 Tucker's 
Witch. The husband and 
wife detective team 
investigate industrial 
espionate and murder. 

2.30 World Chess 
Manoeuvres. Tony 
Bastable analyses the 
political manoeuvres of 
the world chess 

; 3.00 Heirloom. John Bly and 
Simon Boll assess the 
value of a tittle granny 
watch, bought originally 
for €1 .1s^ and of various 
old docks. 

325 Thames news headfines 
320 The Voung Doctors. 
Medical drama series set 
In a lame Australian city 

BBC 2 

*00 Jamie and the Magic 
Torch. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
noon, (r) 4.10 The 
Moomtns. Cartoon series, 
(r) 420 Inspector Gadget 
Cartoon adventures. 4.45 
Splash. Nino ftretto 
presents the East American 

*15 Blockbusters. General 
knowledge game, with 

prizes, for teem 

I *45 Views with John Suchet 
*00 Thames news with 
Trida Ingrams and John 
Andrews. Weather. 

6.20 Crossroads. 

*45 Emmerdale Farm. ■ 
Disaster occurs for the 
Sugden family. 

’ 7.15 European Athletics 

..(Continued from Channel 
4). Jim Rosenthal with 
coverage of three 
women 5 events: the shot 
putt; foe 10 kilometres • 
walk; and the marathon. 
Commentators are Alan 
Parry, Peter Matthews and 
Ron Hi*. 

*00 The Freddie Starr 
Comedy Express. 

Comedy and musical 

*00 FRm: Detour to Terror 
(1980). Starring 
O. J. Simpson and Anne 
Francis. A suspense 
thriller about a holiday tour 
driver whose coach is 
being trailed by 
terrorists. Directed by 
Michael O'Hernhy. 

1025 News followed by Thames 
news headlines. 

11.05 European Athletics 

Highlights of the first day. 

11.40 KWacipe. Viv Taylor Gee 
reports on Thames 
Television’s national 
campaign of practical 
guidance for children as to 
now they can avoid 
danger, particularly from 
, sexual assault (r) 

1 12.10 Night Thoughts. 

*55 Open University. Geology: 
From Peridotita to Grarme. 
Ends 72* 

9-00 Ceefax. 

428 RaglonafNews 
430 XJV European Athletics 
Championships from 
Stuttgart Desmond 
Lynam introduces The 
Women's Marathon: the 
Women's Shot Final; the 
Women's iCHdlometre 
Walk; the Women's 3,000- 
. metres; the Men's 1 0,000- 
metres; Plus scheduled 
heats in both short sprints: 
the Men's 400-metre 
hurdles; the flat Women's 
equivalent; and the two- 
lap races. 

*00 The Executioner’s Song. 
The second and final part 
of the story of Gary 
. Gilmore, adapted from the 
Pulitzer Prize-winning 
book by Norman Maife 
StarringTommy Lee 
Jones, Christine Lahti. 
Rosanna Arquette and ED 
Wailach. A witness 
W entries Gilmore as the 
murderer of motel 
manager, Bennie 
Busline 11, and the jury 
decides to vote in favour 
of ihe death penalty, in 
Utah State Prison Gilmore 
demands that the 
sentence tie carried out 
while the world's press 
observes the legal 
confusion over the issue. 
Produced and directed by 
. Lawrence Schiller.frt 
I1020 NewsnkjhL The latest 
nationafand international 
news including extended 
coverage of one of the 
main stories of the day. 

With Peter Snow, Donald 
MacCormick and Olivia 
hl.15 Weather. 

]1120 Cricket Third Test Richie 

presentshjghfights of the 
final day's play between 
England and New 

( Zealand, from The Oval. 

11.15 Weather. 

1120' Open University. Have 
You Your Homework 
Done. Mammy? A survey 
of community education 
for women in Belfast from 
Othello on the 
Ballymurphy Estate to 
human biology in 
Tultycamal (r) 


220 FHnt Thank You Mr MotO* 
(1937) starring Petar 
Lorre. The seoond Dr 
Moto thriller, in which ihe 
wfly Oriental inve " 

tracks down the 1 

lost treasure of Genghis 
Khan and pits his wits 
against a gang' of ace 
criminals. Directed by 
Norman Faster. 

345 In My Experience. The 
first of a series of six 
interviews by Mavis 
Nicholson with older 
women, begriming with the 

_( Radio 4 ) 

On tong wave. Stereo on VHF 
*55 Shipping. 6.00 News. *10 
Farming. *25 1 


440 European Athletics 
Championships. Jim 
Rosenthal Introduces 
coverage from Stuttgart 

*00 Remington Steele. 
Romantic thriller series 
about private investigators 
Laura Halt and Remington 
Steele. Staring Stephanie 
ZlmbaHst and Pierce 

*55 Murun Buchstansangur. 
German cartoon series 
about the adventures of a 
grubby little creature who 
fives In a sink. 

720 Channel 4 News with 
Peter Sissons and 
Nicholas Owen. (Oracle) 

[ 720 Comment With his views 
on a topical issue is 
Graham Webster- 
Gardiner, Chairman of the 
Conservative Family 
Campaign. Weather. 

*00 Brookslde. Nick's friend 

Charlie moves ini 

Heather's absence, to l. 
annoyance of Ruth; Pat 
takes no heed of Terry's 
warning about her new 
friend; and Guy and 
Karen's decide to set up a 
pavement business. 

*30 The Wine Programme. 
Jancis Robinson surveys 
wine production in Spain, 
Italy, France and Australia, 
and compares the quality 
of hand-made wine from 
oak casks with the mass- 
produced product from 
steel tanks. 

920 Three Sovereigns for 
Sarah. A new drama 
series about the hysterical 
fear of witchcraft which 
spread through 
Massachusetts fn the 17th 
century. Starring Vanessa 
Redgrave. (Oracle) (See 

1*00 Gaudr- AnActof 

Kindness. Patrick Egan 
explores the life of the 
Spanish architect, Antonio 
Gaud), and explains the 
inspiration behind some of 
his buildings In Barcelona, 
the city where Gaudr and 
his contemporaries. 

Picasso, Dali and Miro, 
grew up, and which at the 
turn of the century, was 
one of Europe's most 
important cultural centres. 

Baby, Baby. 

and Paula Yates present a 
series of interviewsand 
comic sketches about the 
pleasures and pains of 
having babies. 

Contributors include 
Madness's Suggs, Rc 

dress designer l 

Emanuel, writer Ian 
McEwan and baby expert 
Sheila Kitzinger. (r) 

1120 Too Close for Comfort. An 
American domestic 
comedy series, about an 
over-protective father and 
his two daughters. Ends at 

620 Today, me. *3* 72* 

820 News. 645 
Business News. 62* 725 
Weather. 7.0* *00 
News. 720 Letters. 72* 
*25 Sport. 745 Thought 
for the Day. 

843 A Night To Remember 
(Part 7). *57 Weather; 
9 News 

9.05 Tuesday CaO: 01 -580- 
4411. Phone-In 
1020 News; Frism Our Own 
Correspondent Life and 
politics abroad 

1020 Morning Story; Mother 
Lode fry Arnold WooBay. 
Read fry Philip Howe 
1*45 Daily Service (New Every 

11.00 Newsl^rarelf'mrty- 
Mmute Theatre. Maps by 
Simon Perughetti. Dreams 
of Africa at Heathrow 
Airport (s) 

1123 The Living Worid- 
Magazine edmon 
1220 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice with 
Pattie CoWwen 
1227 Brain of Britain 1986. 
(semi-tinal 4; second 
roundKs). 1225 Weather. 

1.00 The World at One; News 
1.40 The Archers. 125 


220 News; Woman's Hour. 

With Sue MacGregor 
320 News: The Afternoon 
Play. Maydays by 
Catherine Lucy Czerkawska. 
With Grace Glover, Paul 
Young and Tarry Cavers (r) 
400 News 
405 Turn of the Tide. 

Professor Keith Ward 
argues that a significant 
rediscovery of the 
importance of Christian faith 
is now taking place 
420 Kaleidoscope. Last 
night's edition. Includes 
comment on last night's 
Radio 4 feature Tele a 
Tate, about the orchestral 
conductor Jeffrey Tate 
*20 PM. News magazine. 

*50 Shipping. 525 . 
*00 News; Financial Report 
620 Counterpoint. Musical 
quiz chaired by Ned 

720 News 
7.05 The Archers 
720 Rebels. (2) Amedeo 

720 You Can't Be Serious. 

Sieve Race examines the 
bizarre side of life 
*00 South-East Europe 
Journey. Jufian Hale 
talks to doctors who are for 
and against the national 
health system m Greece 
820 The Tuesday Feature: 
from Baghdad to 
Berkhampsted. Tessa Shaw 
accompanies the Guest 
Stare, a women's band, on 
their tow 

*00 In Touch. For people wftfi 
a visual handicap 
*30 Writers on Blue Paper. 
Aftermath, by Selma 
Cursor, read by Judith Sharp 
*45 Kaleidoscope, includes 
comment on new 
recordings of tne Honegger 
symphonies, wnh Roger 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

Academic Year. Read by 
Michael Deacon (2) 

1 020 The Worid Tonight 

11.15 The Financial Worid 

1120 Enterprise. Majorie 

Lott house meets finalists 
in the Radio Times/Radio 4 
Enterprise competition 
(3) Star Mrcroterrmnals Ltd 
1220 News: Weather. 1223 

VHF (available m England and S 
Wales only) as above except): 525- 
620am Weather. Travel. 9.05- 
10.00 Cat's Whiskers. Stories 
music and quizzes for chifdfen 
presented by Paul Nicholas. 125- 
2.00pm Listening Comer. 520- 
525 PM (continued). 1120- 
12.10am Open University; 1120 
Open Forum. 11.50 Science. 

(Psalm 13) 

1025 Pfnzner: SinhoHer 
Quartet play the String 
Quartet No 3 
1*55 Test Match: fifth end final 
day of the Third Test 
gnediuii wave only). Until 

1120 Edinburgh Festival: 
Scottish Chamber 
Orchestra fender Litton), 
with Peter Evans (piano), 
William Conway (calto). Pa 
one. Britten (Young 
ApoDo), Tchaikovsky 
(Rococo Variations) 

1120 Pied Ripen David 

Munrow on the Enigma 

1120 Edinburgh Festival 
(contdj: Stravinsky 
(Apollo ballet). 120 News 
1.05 Albion Ensemble: Rossini 
(Silken Ladder overture), 
Nielsen (Quintet), Grainger 
(Walking tune: Lisbon). 

. talking tui 
Bozza (Scherzo) 

1-45 Guitar Encores: Paul 
Galbraith plays Martin's 
Qustre pieces breves, and 
Ponce's 24 Preludes 
220 Beethoven's Rivals: 
recordings made by Nash 
Ensembte/Bochmann String 
Quartet. Schubert 
(Quartetsatz. D 703). FOreter 
(Quartet in F minor. Op 
16 No 5), spohr (Octet in E, 
Op 32). and Prince Louis 
Ferdinand of Prussia's Octet 
in F minor. Op 10 
400 Chicago SO (under 
Leppard and Navarro). 
Handel (Concerto a due cori 
No 2 m F, and Stravinsky 
(Symphony in C). 425 Net 

*00 Mainly for 
(t Ka 

Radio 3 j 

All programmes on VHF, except for 
Test Match on medium wave only: 
625 Open University. Art and 
imperialism. Until 625am 
625 Weather. 720 News 
725 Concert: Wagner 
(Tannhauser overture). 
Vaughan Williams (Concerto 
in C. with Vronsky and 
Babin, pranos and LPO). 
Bartok (Two Portraits). 

620 News 

*05 Concert (contt* CPE 
Bach (Concerto in E, Wq 
14). Dowt and (Lachnmae 
Pavan. with Rootey, 


. — a: with 

Brian Kay 
620 Sweet Musicke: The Lute 
Group perform works by 
John Dowfand and others 
720 Harrison Birtwistle: The 
Music Party play the 
Clannet Quintet ( with Alan 
Hacker, clarinet) 

720 Proms 8* English 

So loiStS/Montoverdi 
Choir/and soloists 
Barbara Bonney, Anne Sofia 
von Otter, Hans Peter 
Bfochwitz and Willard White. 
Conductor; John Eliot 
Gardiner. Part one. Mozart 
(Kyrie in D minor. K 341). 
and Haydn (Symphony No 

*05 The Mouths of Law: 
tensions between Italy's 
judiciary and Parliament. 
with Jeremy Scott 

*25 Proms (contd): Mozart 
Requiem in D minor, K 

*30 Barnes' People Bl: 

Michael Maloney. Sian 
Philips and Angela 

Pfeasence in Peter 
Barnes's Dancing 
925 The Tango Marathon: the 
pianist and former 

ballroom champion Yvar 
Mikhashoff presents a 
musical selection 
( 11.10 Slim: Tom Wilkinson 

reads the story by Adam 
. Mors -Jones 

[1125 Henri Dutilfeux: French 
Radio Orchestra (under 
Martmon)piay the Symphony 
No 1.1127 News. 1Z00 

( Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. Stereo on 

News on the hour. Sports 
Desks 1.05pm, 222, 102, 422, 
52* 622, 645 (mf only). 925. 
Cricket Scoreboard 7.30pm. 

Tennis: US Open. Reports at 
11.02pm, 1225wn 
400am Colin Berry 520 Ray 
Moore 720 Nigel Dempster 920 
Ken Bruce 1120 Jimmy Young 
1.05pm Gerald Harper 225 Gloria 
Hunnlford 320 David Hamilton 
*05 John Dunn inducting European 
Athletics Championships from 
Stuttgart 7.00 Moira Stuart 
presents BBC Radio Orchestra 
920 Eric Coates - King o( Light 
Muse with his son Austin 
Coates 1020 Non-Stop Stutz 1020 
On the Air. Quiz covering 60 
years of radio history 1120 Round 
Midnight 120am Nightride 
320-400 A Lrttla Night Music. 

( Radio 1 ^ 

News on the half-hour from 
620am until 820pm then at 1020 
and 1220 midnight 
520am Adrian John 7.00 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show *30 
Simon Bates 1120 Radio t 
Roadshow with Mike Read to 
Weymouth 1220 Newsbeat 
(with Frank Patridge) 1245 Gary 
'Davies 320 Dave Lee Travis 
*30 Newsbeat (Frank Patridge) 

*45 Bruno Brookes 720 
Janice Long tod John Walter's 
Diary 1020-12.00 John Pad. 

VHF Radios 1 & 2s- 420am As 
Radio 2. 10.00 As Radio 1. 
12.00 -4.00am As Radio 2. 


400 Newsdask 430 Goumorpomt 7.00 
News 7.09 Twenty-Four Hours 720 Trvs 
Particular Place 7.45 Network UK UO 
News *09 Reflections *15 Every Day A 
Holy Day 820 Usn Piano Muse *00 
News 9.6s Review o( Brltisti Press *15 
World Today 920 FvuincvH News *40 

Look Ahead 945 What's New 1*00 News 

1401 Tropical Ran Forests 11.00 news 
11.09 News About Bntaln 11.15 
Sponswortd 1120 Sports imemaOcmai 
1220 Radio Newsreel 1*15 Ring Out 
Wild Bells 1*45 Sports Roundup 1.00 
News 129 Twenty-Four Hours 120 
Network UK 125 Sportsworid *00 Out- 
look *45 PMp Jones Brass Ensemble 
320 Radio Newsreel *15 A Joly Good 
Snow 420 News 429 Commentary 4.15 
Omnibus s.«5 Spons Roundup 7.45 
Report on Religion 820 News 829 
Twenty-Four Horn 820 Omnttjua *M 

News *01 On The Box *10 Book Choice 

*15 From the Proms 'BS 1020 News 
1029 World Today 1025 A Letter From 
Scotland 1020 Financial News 1040 
Reflections 1*45 Sports Roundup 11.00 
News 1120 Commentary 1l7l5 New 
Waves on Shortwave 1120 Rina Out. Whf 
Bells 1*00 News 1*29 News About 
Bntain 1*15 Radio Newsreel 1*30 
Omntous i20 News 121 Oudook 120 
Report on Rolfgmn 145 Country Style 
*00 News 229 Review of British Press 
*15 Englsh Msaatures *30 Walwn 320 
News 329 News About Britain *15 Wortd 
Today 445 ReReebons 450 Fmantaa 
‘News 520 News 529 Twenty-Fbur Hours 
j *45 Worid Today. AH times in GNTT. 

o? Rwfio 1 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Ratio 3: 1215kHz/247m:VHF-90- 

WF 1548kHz / 194m: wras * BBC Radio London: 

BBC1 WALES. 445-525pm 
rff^ gLS ; fame 525*20 Wales Today 
435-720 Bowls (second snnti-flnai 
Of Welsh National Outdoor Singles Chare- 

tog Set 

425-4. 45pm Heidi 4.45-525 Fame 525- 
*40 Sport *40-620 Inside Ulster 
825425 Ulster in Focus. *55-720 Wen- 
dy Austin appeals on behalf of the 
Thomas OoranTratomg Centre 1*11)- 
1*15aro News Headfties. EN- 
GLAND. 625-7-Mpm Regional news 


Street. 1020 Jack Hoibom. 1055 
Cartoon. 1120-1 120 Captam Scariat 

120pm News. 120 Country Practice. 

*30-320 Name Ol THinqs. *15245 

Sons end Daughters. 620-520 
Channel Report *00-1025 Brtdeshoad 
Revisited. 12.10am Closedown. 

*20 Diary 

u lster 

1025 Little House on the Praire. 
1120-1120 Max the Mouse. 120 pm 
Lunchtime. 1 20 Ctsps. *30-320 
Short Story. 32GHl.aO Joanie Loves 
Chactv. 620 Summer Edition. *10- 

Dates. 920-1025 Brideshead 

ANGLIA A* London except 

1020 Wheels. 1120-1120L 

Upon A Tne. -Man. 1 220pm- 1. 00 Gar- 
dens for Ml. 120-120 News. 220- 
320 That'S Hollywood. *15*45 
Emmerdale Farm. 820-820 About 

1. 845-7.15 Me and My Girt. 920- 

Bndeshead Revtsried. 1210am 


Tuesday Topw. Ctossdown. 


TYNE T FF-Q AS London tw- 

920 Jacksons. *55 Crooks Anony- 
mous. 1120 - 1 120 Spacewwcft. UUpa 
News. 128 Lookarotmd. 120 Marco- 
ni. *30220 Moviemakers. 620-820 
Northern Lite. 920-1025 Bndeshead 
Revtawd. l*10am Reassurance. 


Reports^ 920 Around the Worid with 
Benny and Lenny. 1020 Cartoon. 1120 
Grenada Reports. 1125 About Brit- 
a«. 1120 Connections. 1125-1220 a»- 
nada Reports. 1Z20pro-t2Q Paw 
Along with Nancy. 120 Granada Reports- 
*30220 Comedy Toreght 320-420 
Weir s way. 820-C20 Grenada Reports. 
*0O-1CL% Bndeshead Revisited. 

1210am Laughing Gat Murder. 1225 

TVS As London except 928am 

Sesame SiraeL 1020 Jack Hot- 
bom. 1*55 Cartoon. 1120-1120 

Captam Scariet. 120m News. 120 

Country Practice. *30-320 Nature of 

Tixng. &15-&45 Sons and Daughters. 

*00 toast to Coast *10*20 ftfice 

5. 920-1*38 B ri des h ead Revtsnad. 

1210am Company. Closedown. 


1025 Snugglepuss. 1020 
RobosroryTl 120-1 120 Once Upon a 
Tsne_Man. 12Qpm-120 News. 

*30-320 Short Srory. 320420 Sons 
and Daughters. S20-620 
Looksmund. 920-1025 Bndeshead Re- 
mated. 1210am Closedown. 


and ihe Wheeled Warriors. *50 
Above New Zealand. 1045 Short Story. 
1125;1120FtrebalXL* 1*30pm- 
120 Calendar LunchUme Live. 120 
Nows. 120 Horses tor Courses. *00 
Leave it to Mre O'Bnea *30-320 Ue- 

visdfid. 1210am Show Express. 1240- 

Scariat rtLMti£x^^^^ CBp,a ' n 
1120-1120 Connections. 1*30pm-120 
Leave it to Mrs O'Bnen. 120 News. 

120 Han to Hart 230-320 Survival. 
328-420 Sons and Daughters. *15 
Gus Honeybun. 520-545 Crossroads. 
820 Today South West *15 
Televiews. 620-7.15 Carson's Law. 920- 
1025 Bndeshead Revtstted. 1210 
Postscript Closedown. 

SCOTTISH ** Lo S Klofl «*- 

; WJ 10 - cept :925am Dog Who 
Saved HoBywood. llJM-1 120 Jack- 

sons. l*30pm-1.00 Gardening Time. 

120 News. l20ManmaS<4tcase. 
*30-320 Survival- 320-4.00 Sons and 
Daughters. 5.15-5. *5 Emmerdale 
Farm. 620*20 News and Scotland To- 
— ■ *45-7.15 Take the High Road. 

1025 Bndeshead Revisited. 11.10 

day 6 


Acrcmoks Now 12.10am Athletics. 

1*45 Late Can, Closedown. 

OAriStarK 120pm Oancin Days. 
— 120 AUcs 7*O0 GutoGoch A 
Mahven. 215 kuanral. *35 Sons at 
Abraham. 32S Correction Please. 420 
Peppno. *30 Athletics. *00 Looks 
Famflmi. B4gUta^«lw Franghus. 720 

MOO^Cemra Cyding!?M 
ChateauvaHoa 1020 Max Headroom 
Show. 1020 A 19-Year-OM's Plan. 
1230am OosMown. 


downers. 1125-1120 Horae Cooic- 
ety ■ 1*30pm-i20 Gamenng Tmw. 120 
News. 120 Altemoon PNynouse. 

220 BoomsvAe. *30 A Chorus Line. 
820-620 News. *00-1025 
Bndeshead Revisdea 1.10am Jobflnder. 
1.10 Closedown. 


Street 1025-1120 Tale of Two Cit- 
ies. 120pm News. 120 FeN Guy. *30- 
320 Dancing DoOs of Monte Carlo. 
820-820 News. *00-1025 Bndeshead 
Rewsded. 1210am Closedowa 


1025 Sesame Street. *00-620 
Woles at Six. 


pilng. *30 Once Upon a Tmu-Man. 

925 Sesame Sheet. 1020 Short Story 
Theatre. 11.15-1120 Smurfs. 
1*30pm-l2OGardeninoTinie. 120 
News- 120 Fertty Theatre. *30-320 
Sea in Their Blood. *15-545 Emmerdala 
Farm. 820-820 North Tpntflt *45- 
7.15 Me and My Girl. e.e®-iOJS 
Brideshead Revtsiwd. I2i0em 
News, Oosedown. 




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Thr Thcairc of Comedy Company 



WrfUm sum directed by 

S. Ex 

Ol 580 8846/01 636 8638/9 or 

Ol 580 966 2/3. A U. tetsnhone 

CC bookings FIRST CALL 24 Ut 7 
dw an 01-636 2428 NO BOOK- 
R*C FIX on* 950 6125 


theultumtc ct HMum 




MOA-Flt 7JSO Thu Mai 2.30 Sal B 
A H-30. 


»iS awMfragfc, 

N — MR S f April *87. 


240 8230 CC 579 6565/6433 




AK9UH96 - Sew 20 
Eves BOO (Aug 28 7 00} 

Frl A SM 60 ft 3.30. 


01-836 8108 . 01-240 9060/7. cc 
379 6433. Ftm call 24- haur 7-day 
ce bfcw 240 7200 (no boeetng lee) 


Mwlnl «mA Nr I«M 









E*Di *0 Mats Wed 3.0. 

Sat 8.0 4 8JO 
Sales 930 6129 


DUCHESS S 836 8243 CC 340 
9648 cc 379 6435 A CC34 hr/ 7 
my HO 7200 EvM 8 Wed mu 3 


At Carrie* Tn till 30 Av 
Opens u Dtictew Th 2 1 

DUKE OF YORKS 856 5122 CC 
836 9837/741 9999/240 7200. 
Eves 8 Thu 3 &U 5 A 8JO 



HU Comedy by Richard Harm 
Directed by JuHa MCKenrie 




FORTUNE (Air Cw4) S cc 836 
2238 KP 741 9999 GrvSatea 9SO 
6125 Mon to Fri 8 SM BJ50 MM 
Thun L Sal 3.00 


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enintaiMnml OouWr Double N 
unbeatable" Timed E Susp. 
"Stuns the audteDce~ & Ted 

HER MAJESTY*. Haymarhrt 
930 4026/6606 2046/2056 
TtCkewuKder 379 blil 
First Cafl CC 200 7200 




Brtghtman Ban on 


Libretto tty RICHARD 
Directed by HAROLD PRINCE 
Open* 9 Oct. 

KRM» K3ID 226 1916. STEVE 
MuUcal. Opens Tout: Dnr 
630- Show 7.30pm. 

GARBKK S 836 atm CC 579 
6435 A CC 24 hr/7 day 240 
7200. Etta 8. Wed mat 3. Sst£ A 

& NO 

CLOSE 457 1592. CC 379 6433/ 
bkg lee 1st Call 24 hr 240 7200. 
Grp Sales 950 6125. Eves 8 
Mato Wed 3 Sad 4. 
Andrew Uovd Webber Presents 




Ao American comedy by 
Ken Ludwig 

Directed by David COmore 

BR g Um nm THEATRE 01-853 
7755. from Thun. Eves 7.46. 

Mats Sat 330 tsepf l at t x» 

Jdhn WUeon 

HAMPSTEAD 722 9 301. E ves 8. 
■Sal Man 43 01 OB SERVE THE 
| Freak XtkiWui “Fiery. 

W* Can. Bap play, Ihv t ui I 

to ptototf— d and Msfc«| f] 

dlractmr S Em. LAST wfiRL 


Bax office and CC 01 030 9832. 
Ftm Can aa hr 7 day CC boekhim 

Ol 240 720ft 
Direct from Broadway 
-A sunertj London stage detour" 
Financial Timm 


“A4 fine a stage actor nness 
aerere one" Today 


By Eugene O’Neill 
■Jonathan MIBerte MUtttal 

Eves only hrhBu 7 jo 

2311. Prevs from Sept 1 . Eves 
7.46. Wed mats 230, Sal mats 

tolwn. with 

PlaMi luL 

STUdSv Eves 8om. 

«re M Mj » S JULIET with 

Auk R8L 

Ave Wl 01-437 36 B 6 /T Ot-AMl 
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The National Theatre's acasdmad 

rw wr fu rttort Of 




"HearttireakJngty fanny" Cdn 
“Hilarious.. & Time* 

"A rare eiiaung of 
comic exhllarattoa" Ttraes 
Ei gs 7Jft Mato Wed and Sat 541. 
Droop Sales 01-930 6123 . 

Reduced mice ram Student A 
OAP Stand-by 



JAN *87 

LYTTELTON * 928 2262 CC 
i National Ttieairel Rnsecamum 
stage) Toni &oa Toroor 2.15 
now prtee mat) & a 00 


by Sounder, version 
toy Ton, Stoppard 
the at the are ENJOYABLE 
php to UsW STd. “BRD*- 
DA firiMYn sgilBilailli-i** 
OAUU. Thur. Fn. Mi» 74a. Sat 
a ts flow price mat) A 7.48 THE 

MAYFAIR S CC 629 3036. Mon- 
Tim 8 Prt/saf 6.40 A 8-30 


“H» RmR Thrfltor toe p*sr*” S M 


“An unatasned utma” S Exp 
“Sensational** Time* 


Air Conti 336 6968 ec 
. II 9999 nm Call CC 240 7200 
t24 Hr* 7 Dayi Mon4'ri 8. Sal 6 * 



stagrti by 


WEST END” C. Limits. 

U ml led Season 
(Pre-theatre food A drink) 





CimaLM ExMtol <L - 

boon days ot p erf* all theatres, 
from to am. restaurant (928 
20331. EAST CAR PARK, Into 
633 0880. AM COMB 

NEW LONDON Drury Lane west 
405 0072 CC 579 6433 Eves 7.46 
Tue A Sol' 3.00 A 7.4ft 




Group boo wn?™ 01406. 1567 or 
01-930 6123 HOW ROOKING TO 
MAY 30 LM7. 

OUVtER *B* 928 22S2 CC rila 
Uonai Theatre's opes Kafir/ 
Today. Thur 2.00 iktw price 
mam A 7 15. Ttxnor 7.19 


A neat Street Omrir 

by Howard demon A 
David Hare 


price man A 7.15 wt pcrfli 
YONADAD. Mon 7.1S 
ONEL. Sun Si Aug nl 3pm A 
8t>m 3 P erth only 


486 2431 CC 379 6433 
CC Hotline 486 1933 
DREAM Today A wed 7.46. 
MAN ThliK 2 JO A 7.4S. Rap. 
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CC 457 8327 or 379 6433 
FM ONI 24Hr TDay OC 240 7200 
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until me int*rv8L_ 


ditions. 457 4606- CredU card 
Hotline, 379 6565. 741 9999 Orp 
Sale* 836 3962/930 6123. 
Musi end 20 Sept-prior to USA 




Review Magazine 
Evm B 0 Mai* Wed 3 6 Sal B 

734 8951 Ri-J Can 24 Hr 7 Day* 
rr Booking 836 346« Grp Sales 
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MorhSai 8. Mai mure A Sal 3JOO 


SHOW” Newsweek 

to* boohi n g to March SB, 1BR7 


(PRINCE OF WALES 01-930 8681 
/ 3 CC Holllne 930 0644/6/6 Grp 
Sam 930 6123. Keith Prowte 
741 9999/379 6433. Flnt Call 24 
hr 7 day 240 7200. 


ENJOY IT" F.Tinte*.. 
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QUEENS 01 734 1166/7/ 
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LONDON" cdn 




Moo-SU B Mala Wed 2-50 Sat 6 

ROYAL COURT 8 CC 730 1746 
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Onlln. "RewartiaMa ihnulil 
■mi be MtoMd" Time Out. 

PHOENIX 836 22294 rr 240 9661 
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240 7200. Orp Sal** 930 6123. 

Thur RIM ft Sal* 4 ft 8. 




by T4. Eliot 

SAVOY 01 836 8888 OC 01-579 
6219. 856 0479 Eieftings 7.4ft 
Mala WM ft Sat 6 6 *50 









- ’.0l 3»83WCt01-sn C i S7o3S* F 5i 

o— * rel 9999. F« CHI 24 4ir 
240_7200 ibbfl rra) Or, SN» 930 

Mari 5 . Sal G A 8.16 


SHAW THEATRE 388 1394 
National Youth Theatre 
mGHTSHRKK A musical vrr- 

aan jaiMfe Tomaht 7 30 . 

ST MANTBPS 01-836 144ft Soe 
rial CC No 379 6433. Ergs 8.0 
Tues 2 AS. Sal S O and 8.0 



STRAND 836 2660 CC 836 
4143/6190 741 9999 Firs! Can 
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Crp Sales 930 6125 


1 reph frtlcat- 

toltor Warn End- SuT 


Directed A Choreographed by 

OMan Lyme 

Mon-Fri 7.43 Mat Wed 3 00 
Sat 4.30 & 8.15 



107891 2966Z3 or Ttdketmuter 

01-579 6453 ROYAL SHAKE- 


MR— ma Theatre. Dream 

Tonight. Sat 750. Thun 150. 

Rome* » JaSat Tompr. Fri 

7 30. Winter'* Tale Thur* 7.30. 

Sal 150. Swan Theatre, Rarer 

Tonight. Sat 7.30. Thure 1.30. 

Every Maa Tonrar. Frl 7.30. 

Ktoaam Thors 750. Sal 1.30 

For wmii rned/meaire drab 

and hotel stop oxer ring <07891 



“The vrty best of Britain - ! rarmr 
latent" redly Mad 
See seoarale enrrm under: 



856 9407/5646 Flnt raU CC. 24 

hre 240 7200 tbkg feet. Evgs 8.0, 

Mala WM 2JJO. Sal ftO. B30. 







VICTORIA PALACE 01-834 1317 
E\es 7.30 Mats WM & Sal 3L45 


-Flrawaffta, Fdotfato* 6 
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7766/839 4455 CC 01 379 

6568/6433. 741 9999. OriH Ol 

836 3962. Mon-Fri 8.00. Wed MM 

SMX Satt 5 00 A 8 JO. 


B» J B. Primacy 

.... Ptrected by Ronald Eyre 


WORLD"* Express 

WVNDHAMS Air Condluoord. 
836 3028/379 6566/379 6455 
__ CTP* B56 5962* 

Eve* 8. Sals 5 A 8.30 

Fee a t lart ls d Saaasa 


"EtormiYimr" ra Mao> In 
By Donald Freed 
Directed by HAROLD HNfHI 
“A sunudttltng play. Uterate 
and wtiiy” Times.. “FuH of 

pawtm. concern and outrage" 
CUy LbnUs 


WCl- jnw totanwHaS THE 
OTT M MAPS and a caWbre- 

WW Mon . fia, 

lftft Sun 230*. Aura free. 

3 Clifford street. London. Wl. 
T(H. Ot 457 4634. 
ZIECUER - Tee Artists af the 

Mod - Fn lObom. sat toy 
Appointment only 

Hinton Gardens, London, wt. 
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Mon Sal IO-5 Sun 2JSD6. Adm 


Tne National Museum of An ft 
Deaton. S. Kensington. 
tnto Ol 981 4894. Wkdays 
10-9 30. Stats ZSO&eo. 
Closed Fridays. 



“rids pfnaiM— By Saco. 

FemRy Shew” Times 
Also Book on FIRST CALL 24 Hre 
' Days. (Btog Feel 01-240 7300 A 


toy Ben Trevor* 

M Tried By Mark KlhpNPh ^ 
Fri 8 wed MU 3 SM &00 A 
Reduced once previews 

Opens sept 2 ai 7.00wn 





Gardens. SW7. 0846612- CEN- 
TLUUES or - 

C a toep a mt Med toe al htow. un- 

bl SOtl. Tuc-Sai tO-ftSO: Sun 
12 -SJO. A ore £i. 


CyggjrtW 4893443 SID 
ft NANCY 1131. FQm a! 1.3o 
5-80 6.13 A 8.4ft 

CHELSEA CMCMA 3fik 3742 
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4993737 Find Can »«?r7 dS 
rr 240 7200 iBMj Feet Maggie 
Smuh. Denholm EBUML Judf 
gSaSP »" * WW WITH A 
w«W IPG) Film at i.3o fNai 
Sum 546. 6.10 A 8.40. 


CURZON WEST END Shadeilrury 

Avenue Wi 439 4806. nm 

Cau 24 Hr 7 Day cc 240 7200 

■Bkg Feel MJtwir SnMh. 
Denhcem Eniott. Jure Denra in 


Film or 1.30 i Hot Sum. 34 a. 
6 to A 8 40 

cate. 727 4043. SID AND NAN- 
CY ilfll 2 30 inol Sum 4.40 
680 9.00 L. Night II 16 

UM. iVUmre booKltwj. 


930 5263 (Enat/930 7619 |24 
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836 0691 SID ft NANCY H8I. 

nim al 1 30 3.50 6.16 B.4& 

ENDS Thun STARTS Fri 29 



4226 "OUT OF AFtUCA'-fPC) 

Dalh-JLO 0.0 9.0 MUST END 

Woody Allan Michael Caine 
Mia Far row —HANNAH AMD 
\anrr bootings now open 

76971 Wall DuneyS FANTASIA 
CLD Sep proto Daily 1.50 BOO 
B IO. All wan bookable in 
athanre. Arran and vna 
letephone toonkuigi wetrame. 


<950 61111 Info 930 4260 / 
S61U6 1151 Sep progs Doors 
open Daily 2.00. 6.00. BOO 
Crrdll Card Hot Um 1 LAC res'. 
/Vfta /Are Cxi 839 1929. 34 
hour service All prowboakabie 
in advance. There win be no 
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karate kid . 

FART ■ (PG) Sep Progs Doors 
Men Dally 3.05. 6 3ft B Oft Be 
dured prim (or under 16 <.. 
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RBHoy 857 8402 opp. Ruarii 
tin. Tube 

1- POLICE! 151 FHmal 1.494 00 
620 _ 8 46 ENDS T«LRS 
3 ^tironij-srind mastwptece 
OSSESSIONE 1 PCi. Film at 
236 MO 810. SEATS 

3694. DESERT HEARTS ,10, 
3 SO. A.lft 7 ia 9.08. Seal* 
toftitodtie. Plenty of free parking 


939 2772. I! OUT OF AFRICA 

F® 1-lSiML 7 4ft Si 
AFTER HOURS 11 S)2Jft 4 J6. 
6.4ft aeft Ur Bar. Seats 


£25 3620. Steven StHeaeraf 


5 00 . 8 . 0 ft Sean bookabte m 


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First pnbHslied in 1785 






















































« #■ 

* . 

I f* 
'a J 

k H 

McAvennie keeps 
United waiting 
for first victory 

By Stuart Jones 

Football Correspondent 

Manchester United 2 

West Ham United ........... 3 

Eleven months ago, after 
Manchester United had won 
their opening 10 League fix- 
tures, the nation was wonder- 
ing when (hey would ever be 
beaten. Now, after beginning 
with two successive defeats, a 
significant number of their 
own disgruntled supporters 
left Old Traffard yesterday 
wondering when they might 
see their side claim a victory. 

The season in the famous 
arena was officially a mere 32 
seconds old before United 
were behind. Orr gained pos- 
session. Dickens chipped over 
a line of red statues, 
McAvennie accelerated to- 
wards Turner with no-one to 
accompany him and scored 
with accustomed ease. It was 
West Ham United's first at- 
tack of the rain-swept 

They did not construct 
many more except for the odd 
break. Nor, for some 40 
minutes, did they need to. 
Their defence, led by the 
outstanding Martin, was 
comfortable enough as it with- 
stood a challenge that was 
energetic but, without either 
Robson or Olsen, short of 
inspiration and, therefore, 

West Ham did creak occa- 

sionally. A Davenport volley 
stretched Parkes, for instance, 
McGrath's effort was ruled 
out for offside, Davenport 
struck the side-netting from an 
oblique angle and, after evad- 
ing Parkes, saw his low cross 
blocked But they never lost 
either their composure or their 

No side is better equipped 
for the rapid coumer-ankk 
and, six minutes before the 
interval, they extended their 
lead with a goal of delightful 
simplicity. Devonshire, glid- 
ing in as usual from the left, 
exchanged neatly with the 
accomplished Parris and 
lobbed accurately over 
Turner, a goalkeeper notably 
short in stature. 

The rest, it seemed, would 
be predictable. United are so 
lacking in fire-power that 
Blackmore, a midfield player 
in the mould of Wilkins, was 
their lone marksman during 
their disappointing perfor- 
mances in their pre-season 
games. But, within a minute, 
they pulled one back and, 
what is more, the man respon- 
sible was a forward. 

Stapleton, lingering menac- 
ingly at the far post behind 
Hilton and Pams, struck a 
timely psychological blow by 
nodding in Gibson's long 
cross. West Ham's belief and 
shape began to fade and, 
moments into the second halft 
they were no longer in control 
nor in the lead. 

A comer from Strachan, 
United’s most consistently 
threatening figure, was nudged 
on by McGrath and ushered in 
though not touched by 
Stapleton and Parris. The rest, 
it seemed, would be predict- 
able. United, lifted by a crowd 
that was over 2,000 below last 
season's average, had taken 
over the superior role. 

Stapleton again, Gibson and 
Blackmore, who clipped the 
bar from 20 yards, might have 
confirmed it and will now 
regret not doing so. Five 
minutes from the end West 
Ham, so fleet-footed in the 
front line, broke once more 
and claimed the winner. 

Ward controlled a lengthy 
clearance, looked up to check 
on the position of lus col- 
leagues and curled a cross 
precisely on to the forehead of 
McAvennie. Turner, exposed 
again for his lack of height, 
was caught in two minds as 
the subsequent header looped 
over him. McAvennie, who 
claimed 26 goals in the League 
last season, is already on his 

M Duxbury. A ABxston. N Whiteside 
P McGrath, K Moran, G Strachan, C 
Blackmore, P Davenport. F 
Stapleton, C Gibson. Sub: J Olsen. 

Stewart, G Parris, PHiBon, A Marlin 
A Devonshire, M Ward, F 
McAvennie, A Dickens, A Cottas, N 

Referee: G Tyson (Leicester). 

Shreeve to coach full time 

Peter Shreeve, who was 
sacked as manager of Totten- 
ham at the end of last season, 
yesterday agreed to join 
Queen’s Park Rangers' coach- 
ing staff. The popular Shreeve 
dii some temporary work for 
Rangers while the first team 
were recently on torn- in Swe- 
den. His new post is full-time. 

Shreeve was bora in Wales 
and brought up in London. He 
played more than 100 League 
games for Reading and, after 
his playing career was cut 
short by in» sry, qualified as a 
London taxi driver as well as 

gaining a fid! Football Associ- 
ation coaching badge. 

He coached at Charlton 
before joining Spurs in 1974. 
In his 12 years at the North 
London dub he worked his 
way np from youth team 
manager to reserve team coach 
to assistant manager and, 
when Keith BerMasiaw left, 
to manager in June 1984. 

His first season in charge 
saw Tottenham mount a seri- 
ous challenge for the League 
title but last season the first 
team's performances stomped 
as badly as the club’s finances 

and Shreeve eventually paid 
the price. 

• Queen's Park Rangers yes- 
terday completed the £200,000 
signing of Sammy Lee from 
Liverpool. The London dnb 
had been favouritks to sign 
the England international 
midfield player for some 
weeks, but were rehmtant 
to meet (he champions' asking 
price. Saturday's disastrous 
start to the season, when 
Rangers lost 5-1 at Southamp- 
ton, obviously persuaded than 
to stop baggfing. 


Hinault takes his revenge 

From John Witoockson, Boulder, Colorado 

American cycling com- 
pleted another step in its 
Europeanization when a shin- 
sleeved crowd of 50,000 Colo- 
radans saluted Bernard 
Hinault after he won the 12th 
Coors International Gassic on 
Sunday, ahead of his great 
rival, Greg LeMond. “It’s 
always nice to win a great 
victory,” the Frenchman, aged 
31. said, "particularly as this 
was the last stage race of my 

Hinault reversed the 
plarings of this year's Tour de 
France over his American 
colleague, LeMond, who 
experienced a difficult finish 
to the 1 5-day race. The Ameri- 
can was too sick to attend an 

official team reception on 
Saturday night, and he strug- 
gled during the early pan of 
the final 61-mile stage that 
covered 37 laps of a hilly 
circuit in North Boulder Park. 

Phil Anderson, of Australia, 
who was challenging LeMond 
for second place, said: “I saw 
that Greg was having trouble 
on the hill, so I was trying to 
call all my team-mates to the 
front to set a fast tempo. But 
they all seemed too tired to 
carry out my instructions.” 

LeMond admitted that he 
was on the point of being 
dropped several times, but his 
Canadian team colleague. 
Sieve Bauer, was always at 



The Bank of England announces that Her Majesty’s Treasury has created on 
22nd August 1986. and has issued to the Bank, additional amounts as 
indicated ol each of the following Stocks: 

£200 million 1 1 per cent EXCHEQUER LOAN. 1 990 
£1 50 maKon 1 0 per cent CONVERSION STOCK. 1 996 
£1 50 million 93 per cant TREASURY STOCK. 2002 

The pnce pari by the Bank on issue was m each case, the middle marker 
dosing price of the i 
Government Broker. 

relevant Slock on 22nd August 1986 as certified by the 

In addition. Her Majesty's Treasury has created on 22nd August 1986. and 
has issued to the National Debt Commissioners for public hinds under their 
management, additional amounts as indicated of each of the following 

£100 rndbon 11 per cent EXCHEQUER STOCK. 19B9 
ElOOrrnSmn 1 Of per cent EXCHEQUER STOCK. 1997 

In each case, the amount Issued on 22nd August 1986 represents a further 
tranche or the relevant Stock, ranking m all respects pari passu with thar 
Stock and subject to the terms and conduons applicable to that Stock, and 
subject also to the provision contained m the final paragraph of the no oca; 
tfw current provisions for Capital Gams Tax are desorbed below: 

Application has been made to the Council of The Stock Exchange for each 
further tranche of stock to be admitted to the Official List. 

Copras of the prospectuses for 11 per cent Exchequer Loan, 1990 dated 
8ih February 1985, 10J per cent Exchequer Convertible Stock. 1989 dated 
22nd November 1985 (which contained the terms of issue of 10 per cent 
Conversion Stock, 1996) and 93 per cent Treasury Stock. 2002 dated 12th 
August 1985 m^beobtaned at the Bank of England, New Issues, Vttnhng 

Suiei, London, 


The Stocks are repayable at par, and interest is payable haK-yearty. on the 
dates shown below: 


II per cent Enhsper lean, 1960 
lOperonCamnanSudi. 1996 
S p* am Treasury Sack. 2002 

fMtnvtoi tins 
12lti February 1990 . 


2Wi Augos 2302 

12ih Febnary 
12th Augur 

15th Mary 

27ih August 

The fun her tranches of 1 1 per cent Exchequer Loan. 1990 and 10 per cent 
Conversion Stock. 1996 wdl rank for a full six months' interest on 12th 
February 1987 and 15th November 1986 respectively The further tranche 
of per cent Treasury Stock. 2002 has been issued on an ox -dividend bass 
and will not rank for the interest payment due on 27th August 1986 on the 
existing Stock. Official dealings in the Stocks on The Stock Exchange are 
expected to commence on Tuesday 28th August 1988. 

Each of the Stocks referred to m Ttoas notice is specified under paragraph 1 
of Schedule 2 to the Capital Gains Tax Act 1979 as a gift-edged security 
(under current legislation exempt from tax on capital gams, irrespective of 
the period for which the Stock is held). 

Government statement 

Anewon is drawn to the statement issued by Her Majesty's Treasury on 
29th May 1985 which explained that, m the interest of the orderly conduct 
of fiscal pokey, neither Her Majesty’s Government nor the Bank of England 
or their respective servants or agents undertake to disclose tax changes 
decided on bur nor yer announced, even where tfwy may specificaBy affect 
the terms on which, or the condhmnB under wfveh. these further tranches 
of stock are issued or sold by or on behalf of the Government or the Bank: 
that no respansibffiry can therefore be accepted for any ormssion to make 
such disclosure: and that such omission shall neither render any transaction 
labia to be set aside nor give nse to any claim for compensation. 


22nd August 1986 

hand to help hire out Ander- 
son stayed at the head of the 
pack throughout the race, 
closely watched by Hinault 
**We didn’t want Anderson to 
steal a single centimetre,'’ the 
Frenchman said after the race. 

The stalemate among the 
top riders allowed a local man, 
Ron Kiefel — who won the 
prologue stage in San Fran- 
cisco 16 days before — to 
race away to a solo, two- 
minute victory. Kiefel fin- 
ished 19th overalL 

The women’s race ended 
with a similar lone stage-win, 
with Susan Ehlers, of Texas, 
arriving lmin 12sec ahead of 
the final overall winner, Jean- 
nie Longo, but the time gained 
look Ehlers up from fourth to 
second place in the final 
result, ahead of her compa- 
triot, Inga Thompson, and the 
Italian, Maria Canins. 

“I said that I wasn’t going to 
chase any Americans,” 
Thompson said, “but I mis- 
calculated with Ehlers.” 

Ehlers's success was the re- 
warcl of fine teamwork by her 
three team colleagues, Mar 
donna Harris, of New Zea- 
land. Marianne Berglund, of 
Sweden, and Danute 
Bankaitis, who all finished in 
the top 20 overalL 

The double French victory 
by Hinault and Longo was 
symbolic of the increasingly 
professional standards of both 
American cyctmg and the 
Coots Classic. It would not be 
a surprise to see many of the 
race's competitors performing 
well in the world champion- 
ships, which open in Colorado 
Springs tomorrow. 


Ken: Stage 17: Norfli 
Boulder Park circuit race 61 miles: 

1, R Kiefel (US). 2hr 20min 19sec. 2, 

Kmckman (US), at 



der Pool 
(Nath), JtC 

: 124; 3, A Van 
138; 4, J Taten 

Final result 1, B Hinault ( 
05min 07see: 2, G LeMond | 

4:53; 8, D Sh 
5:28; 9", R Alcala (Max), 
P llgrumov (USSR), i: 


1 hr, 23 mln, 

11 : 1 , SEbJarafUSJ, 
sec, 2 J Longo 

back the 

By John Woodcock 
Cricket Correspondent 

THE OVAL: England, with 
five first innings wickets in 
hand, lead New Zealand by 
101 runs. 

There was only just over an 
hour's cricket in the third Test 
match against New Zealand, 
sponsored by CornhilL yes- 
terday, but it was worth many 
a week of push and prod. In 1 5 
overs England took their score 
from 281 for three to 388 for 
five with much their most 
uninhibited cricket of the 
year. By- the time the rain set 
in for the day, the great 
Hadlee, armed with a new 
ball. was bowling to one slip 
and with all his other fielders 
on overseas postings. 

It was. of course, a dreadful 
disappointment when the 
weather forecasters were 
proved righL The crowd was 
in ecstasy at the time, Botham 
having scored 59 in 36 balls as 
only he and Vivian Richards 
can. The match finishes today, 
and if New Zealand are to be 


WRtfit 119: G R n»ey 4 far i 

ENGLAND: Ftrat bmingx 
G A Gooch c Stirling b " 

C W J Attwf Ibw b fladhw 

D I Gower b CtatffaM 

A J Lamb b Outfield 

*M W Gattbig b Chatliald . 

I T Botham not out 


Extras Ob a, w S, nb Q 


- 32 

- 17 

- 0 

_ 99 

— a 

- 19 
. ttt 

P H Edmonds, IS N French, G R DOoy 
and G C Snufi to bat. 

FALL OF WICKETS: V3S, 262, 3-62, 4~ 

BOWLING (to data): Hadtaw 2X5-6-82-2; 

Stfcfinq 90-71 


Coooy 5-0-18-a 

Umpires: H D BM and D R Shepherd. 

Total (5 wfcta} 

ng 9-0-71-0; OutMd 21-7-73-3; 
r 21-4-74-0; D racawaB 11-1-61-0; 

beaten now they will have to 
lose their heads as they- no 
longer do. In the days of 
uncovered pitches there 
would have been a lot more 

There were no half mea- 
sures about England yes- 
terday. Suspecting that time 
was short they made the very 
most of what there was. There 
was no question of putting 
persona] considerations first 
Gower soon played on off the 
inside edge, throwing the bat 
at Chatfield. His had been a 
lovely innings. Gatting, 86 not 
out at the start of play, led by 
example, storming to his hun- 
dred with three fours in four 
balls from Gray — a back-foot 
pull, a lofted on-drive and a 
delayed, Comptonesque 

After going 30 Test matches 
without making a Test hun- 
dred this was Gattiiig's sixth 
in bis last 17 (though few do 
any better than that), bis 
second since taking over the 
captaincy earlier this summer 
and his first against New 
Zealand. Despite losing 
Gower, he went racing on 

• v! ■'! hill 

A myth in motion: Botham living np to the legend at the Oval yesterday 

before being bowled trying to 
hit Chatfield through the leg 
side. Gatling made 35 yes- 
terday in 35 balls and 35 
minutes. On his way out he 
had a talk with Botham, no 
doubt weighing up the op- 
tions. Of ti»e . 41 which they 
had made together. Gatting’s 
share was 36. With Emburey, 
Botham now made 51 of the 
next 62. At the rate he was 
going the rain would not have 
had to hold off for much 
longer for Richards’s fastest 
Test hundred (in 56 balls 
against England in Antigua 
last April) to be in danger. 

When the new ball was 
taken, at 332 for five, Botham 
was 12. No one had been 
looking forward to Botham's 
confrontation with Hadlee 
more than Botham himself 
He had been talking of going 
down the pitch to him, the 
first ball they met, just to 
make a point. In the event he 
thought better of it, Gatting 
ha ring just been oul Not only 

that Botham sent for his 
helmet when Hadlee came on. 
But he soon broke up Hadlee's 
attacking field. It was a very 
special piece of cricket. 

At the other end Botham 
gave a suitably spectacular 
chance to Blain. the wicket- 
keeper, off Stirling. Making to 
pull, he skied the ball to the 
height of the Post Office 
Tower. Just to watch it going 
up gave one vertigo, and its 
very steepness made it a 
horrible catch for Blain to 
judge. When eventually it 
came down he was only just in 
the same parish. 

In Stirling’s next over, he 
went for 24. Botham hitting 
him for two sixes and three 
fours, the sixes to long-leg and 
long-on. But by the time he 
reached his 50 in 48 minutes 
off 32 balls the ground staff 
were making their way to the 
covers. Botham and Emburey. 
I'm sure, would have stayed 
on in the rain, but there was 

no reason why the New Zea- 
landers should. Once the rain 
started, that was it for the day. 

Forgetting West Indies and 
his troubles over there, it has 
made a world of difference 
having Botham back in the 
side. His bowling was not up 
to much after his remarkable 
start on Thursday, but at No 6, 
certainly in England, certainly 
he remains a towering figure, 
capable of persuading even 
Richard Hadlee to have eight 
men in thfr deep. Already we 
are living again in the present 
rather than labouring the re- 
cent past. 

Ticket offer 

Peter Lush, ihc marketing 
manager or the Test and 
County Cricket Board, yes- 
terday’ announced that spec- 
tators who had tickets for 
yesterday's ram-hit play at the. 
Oval can use them for today’s 
last day of the match. 


Fit Ovett is primed for the battle 

From Fat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent, Stuttgart 

S a) at 1:12: 3, U Nenzenauer, 
1:17: 4, 1 Kotesnfcova (USSR) 
same time: 5. M Canins (Italy) sL 

Anal result 1. Longo 16hr, 03ntih 
48sec 2, Biters at 137; 3, I 
Thompson 1:58: 4, Canins 3,*06: 5. 
M Haris, (NZ), 4:33: 6. Nenzenauer 
6:29; 7. S Schumacher (WG), 9:41; 
8. U Larsen (Nor), 9:52; 9, G 
Matsyke (USSR), 10:1 0. D Bankaitis 
(US), 11:30. 

British ptadngs 28. C Greenwood 
at 28mln 25sec: 31, L Brambarri, 
28:18; 45, M Blower, 76:13; 48, S 
Thompson, 88:57, 

Steve Ovett has decided 
that his form has not been 
overimpaired by his recent 
bad cold, and he flew out here 
last night to join the British 
team. Ovett, the Common- 
wealth 5,000 metres cham- 
pion, will therefore join his 
two other Commonwealth 
medal colleagues, Tim 
Hutchings and Jack Buckner, 
in the 5,000 metres heats, 
which take place on Thursday. 

Ovett’s erstwhile middle- 
distance opponent, Sebastian 
Coe, has had an easier draw 
than either Steve Cram or 
Tom McKean for this 
evening's 800 metres heats. 
With the first three in each of 
the four heats and three fastest 
losers overall to go through to 
the semi-finals tomorrow, the 
only person in the number 
four heat with Coe who is 
anywhere near the world 
record holder's level of fitness 

Essex may 
move in 

Essex -have not discounted 
the possibility of trying to sign 
Viv Richards when his Somer- 
set contract expires at the end 
of the season flvo Tennant 
writes). Peter .Edwards, the 
secretary/manager, said the 
cricket committee would be 
unlikely to discuss the sitting 
of another overseas player to 
replace Allan Binder before 
the end of the season. He ruled 
out the prospect of Ken 
McEwan returning to Essex 
since he is no longer registered 
as a player . 

is Philippe Collard, of France, 
who has -run lmin 45. 11 sec 
this season. 

Cram, who starts as gold 
medal favourite for both 800 
and 1,500 metres, has a 
slightly harder heat than 
McKean. Cram lines up in 
heat number three with Viktor 
Kalinkin, of the Soviet Union, 
who has run 1:45.18 this 
‘season, and Sammy Mogalle, 
of East Germany, and Bo 
Breigan, of Norway, while 
McKean, in heat number two 
faces one of the West German 
medal hopes, the national 
champion, Matthias 
Assmann, who has run 1:44.59 
this year. The only other 
runner likely to trouble 
McKean, who has run 1:44.80, 
in winning the Common- 
wealth bronze medal, is 
Coloman Trabado, the Span- 
ish multiple indoor medal 


Coe gave a Press conference 
yesterday and said that he 
wanted to avoid the same trap 
that he and Ovett fell into in 
1978, that of thinking that this 
was going to be a two-man 
race; but this time between 
himself and Cram. Having 
never won an international 
gold medal at this, his world- 
record distance, Coe said that 
he had everything to gain. He 
thinks that the heats and semi- 
finals will be run in around 
1:46, “with the final run in 
under 1:43". Coe also said that 
if everything went all.] 
here, be would attempt a 5,( 
metres in Brussels on Friday 

The resurgent Allan Wells 
has had the worst of today's 
100 metres heats. With three 
to qualify from each heat, plus 
only one fastest loser overall 
-from the five heals. Wells 
feces three men with far faster 

times than him this year. 
Antoine Richard, of France, 
has run 10.09. Christian Haas, 
of West Germany, has ran 
10.18 and Viktor Muravyev, 
of the Soviet Union, has run 
10.19. Since Wells has ran 
only 10.40, he seems to have a 
difficult task. Linford Christie 
has drawn the next strongest 
heat, with Ronald Desrueiles, 
of Belgium, and Bruno Marie- 
Rose, of France. But Christie, 
with his new United Kingdom 
record of 10.04 seconds, is one 
of the two fastest men here. 
Mike McFarlane has drawn 
the fastest . man. Viktor 
Bryzgto, of the Soviet Union, 
who, despite his fast time of 
10.03, finished last in his only 
major meeting this year, the 
Goodwill Games 100 metres, 
won by Ben Johnson, of 


Previews, page 25 

Jones; record in sight 

Pro debut Jones capped 

Colin Brooks, aged 21, the 
Scottish amateur golf cham- 
pion from Glencorse, has 
turned professional and will 
play in the European Tour 
pre-qualifying school at 
Foxhills. Stephen 

Easingwood. of Dunbar, will 
take Brooks's place in the 
Scottish team for the home 
international at Royal St 
David's on September 10-12 

Adrian Jones, the Sussex 
fast bowler, has been awarded 
his county cap after live yean 
with the club. Jones, aged 25, 
from Woking, leads the John 
Player Sunday League av- 
erages this season with 26 
wickets despite missing three 
games. He is three short of the 
Sussex record held by Garth le 
Roux, made in 1982 when 
Sussex won the title. 

Safety first 

Authorities at the Monza 
motor racing circuit have 
spent 800 million lire (about 
£385,000) on safety work and 
other improvements to facil- 
ities in preparation for the 
Formula One grand prix on 
September 7. Crash barriers 
have been replaced or 
strengthened at the Passerella 
bend and at five other major 
points along the fast Monza 
course. - 

Mutch fined 

Andy Mutch, the. Wolver- 
hampton Wanderers forward, 
will be fined for befog booked 
as part of a dampdown on* 
discipline by Brian Little, the 
club's new manager. Mutch is 
to lose part of a week's wages 
for kicking the ball away in 
disgust after a decision went 
against him in Saturday's 
home defeat by Cambridge 
United. Little said: *T was 
never booked as a professional 
and won’t stand for players 
retaliating . or showing 
dissent,” „ 


World title win 
for Hungary 

-Montreal’ (Reuter) — Hun- 
gary have won the overall 
world canoe-kayak champion- 
ships, "collecting 74 points 
with their five gold and three 
silver medals. 

East Germany finished in 
second place with 58 points in 
the 13-event competition 
here, taking home two gold, 
three silver anef two bronze 

The Soviet Union were four 
points behind with five silver 
and two bronze medals in the 
races involving 33 countries. 

Only one competitor, Olef 
Heukrodu of East Germany, 
in the C-l 500-metre race, 
successfully defended his title, 
and Jeremy West, of Britain, 
was the only double gold 
medal winner. . 

West won the K-l 1. 000- 
metre race on Saturday and 
the K-l 500-metre event on 

on and 
off the 

There was so much to 
savour in the work! rowing 
championships which con- 
duded at Nottingham ea Sun- 
day. It was.. la the first 
instance, one of the best racing 
regattas 1 can recall. The 
pressure was oa from the Very 
first hear and the event was 
entertaining for the . paying 
customer, which is important, 

The medal distribution was 
healthily wide, tn the men’s 
heavyweight events, seven na- 
tions shared the eight gold 
medals and 12 the grid, stiver 
and bronze. - 

The gap between the East- 
ern bloc countries and Europe, 
North America and Austral- 
asia , is almost non-existent 
Others now appear to be oa 
fail with the training secrets— 
should they exist - of. the 
Soviet Union and in pariicQjar 
the East Germans. 

' World championship row- 
ing Is about having the right 
athletes, time, money and 
coaching expertise along with 
many other variables. It is a 
hard technical sport and one of 

the purest remaining. 

There are so many mem- 
ories from the 21 world titles 
contested over the weekend. 
The young heavyweight 
Australian eight must be ad- 
mired. They have impressed 
aD season and a medal beck- 
oned, although not necessarily 
the gold. After winning at 
Lucerne (with the top Soviets 
and the United States absent) 
they went on the win the 
Commonwealth Games title. 

Oi Sunday, the Australians 
progressively wound them- 
selves np down the course and 
remarkably had clear water 
over a broken-hearted Russian 
eight and the United States. 
The British eight finished last 
in the Small finals and one 
wonders bow they tost so much 
in a relatively short tune. In 
Lucerne and Strathclyde they 
were always hanging on to the 
tail of the Australians. 

While Some areas of the 
British team leave much to be 
desfred, there is success to 
build on. The British coxed 

Final medals table 

OoU savar *■««• ToM 














pairs' victory by Redgrave and 
Holmes in tike '‘slave boat*’ 
was a classic victory. 

The British coxfess pair. 
Cross and Clift, were just 
short of medal class. These at 
present are Britain's front- 
runners for the 1988 Seoul 
Olympics regatta. The British 
have become for the moment 
small-boat specialists at the 
expense of tire might}' eight 

It is remarkable, too. that 
the likes of single scullers, 
Peter-Michae! Kolbe, of West 
Germany, and -Finland's 
Olympic champion, Perrti 
Karptonen, can still rule the 
rOost after a decade of suc- 
cesses at the age of 33. . 

This is normally well , past 
the appropriate moment to 
ug np one's scull s and 
concentrate on a career struc- 
ture and family. Success, moti- 
vates them, backed by national 
fervour, and they go yet faster. 
This was Kdhe's year bin the 
Finn, in this the loner's 
will seek a fourth Olympfe 
ild medal and immortality hi 
ie single sculls in Seoul. - 

The sport is.about sacrifice 
and it reflects across the 
board. Andy Holmes, of Brit- 
ain, has been a brick or hod 
carrier to make ends meet 
Britain's new world champion 
in lightweight double stalls, a 
teacher, Allan WhitwelL aged 
32 , won the Olympic, silver 
medal in heavyweight eights in 

To win his lightweight world 
.title on Sunday, Whitweil had 
to shed some eight kilos 
skilfully enough to keep his 
strength. He now feels as fit as 
a fiddle. But every crew and 
individual has a story to tell iQ 
the world championships 
which was superbly organized 
by the British. 

Thankfully, too, the British 
had successes on the water. 
And this,after aft, is- the mo$t 
important thing. ' 


Boon for Boro 

A Tescan oflman is thinking 
abont- investing £HXL00Q u* 
Middlesbrough, the strati®! 
third division football dob. 
Peter Kane, - aged 47, 

emigrated to the united Stat* 8 
i2Q years ago; is risifing hf 
hometown and^ 
board of the new cotoDawS 5 ® 6 
cleared the dub 1 ; 
debts to 
football at,