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,5 « 

* * 

T- *. . 

No 62,546V 



: -V5 

By Thomson Prentice, Sdence Correspondent. 

More than 1J5Q0 people are The lethal fumes probably their he 
now known to have been • escaped from the lake last beds, 
killed m the Cameroon vol- Thursday, but details of die Anot 

canic gas disaster, with an- 
other 20,000 affected fay its 
impact, according to official 

An international emergency 
relief operation was being 
mobilised yesterday with help 
from the United Nations' and 
the European Co mmuni ty. 
Britain, the United Slates, 
France, Switzerland and Israel 

scale of the disaster did not 
reach the capital until the 
weekend. The catastrophe has 
overshadowed a visit to Cam- 
eroon by the Israeli prime 
minister, Mr Shimon Peres, 
and the restoration of dip- 
lomatic relations severed by 
Cameroon 13 years ago. 

Soldiers wearing gas ma s k s 

their houses, and even in their 

Another priest. Father John 
Am be. who saw survivors in a 
hospital at Wum, the nearest 
large town to the lake, said the 
gas outburst happened - at 
about nine o’clock last Thurs- 
day night. 

“The survivors all had 
burns on their bodies," he said 
in a BBC interview. “Those 
who died were just gassed out 

also acted to assist the West been counting the dead and 

African state. • injured in the last two days. 

Some of the world’s leading The official death toll was put 
volcanologists and geologists at 1 ,534 by the .Government in 
are frying to Yaounde, the — 

Cameroon capital, to set up an Israeli T p~t nrp a « 
investigation into the causes 

of the disaster. They will ™e dead ly day 12 
travel to the ' shores of Lake lector s experience 16 

Nyos, in a volcanic crater ‘holograph lo 

about 200 miles northwest of 
.1* capital, it. the -neat few 

“*'*■ Mr Erik Haegglund, direc- 

Rescue workers and doctors tor of the relief effort at the 
already on the scene are UN offices in Geneva, said 
searching for more victims about 20,000 other people 

and oxygen equipment have 1 - and never made Tl. Mass 
been counting the dead and graves were dug for the vic- 
injured in the last two days, tims, he said. “Some of them 
The official death toll was put . were trapped in their house 

Israeli tie restored 
The deadly deep 
Doctor’s experience 

and those who were on the' 
streets just fell down and died. 
There was really no warning." 

The emphasis now is on 
providing shelter, clothing, 
blankets, food and medical 
supplies to the survivors, a 
Bamanda relief cfficial said. 

Other reports from the 
disaster area say rescue teams 

warning on use 
of US bases 

By Nicholas Wood. Political Reporter 

Yaounde yesterday and veri- iwmanaa reuet ctnmi said, 
the capital, in die next few fied by UN relief workers. Other reports from the 
“*5^ Mr Erik Haegglund, direc- disasterarea say rescue teams 

Rescue workers and doctors tor of the relief effort at the “ve be ®! n buying the dead 
already on the scene are UN offices in Geneva, said “ 30 e™ 311 to prevent the 
searching for more victims about 20,000 other people posable outbreak of an epi- 
apd survivors of the disaster were affected by the fumes. At 30(1 toe official agreed 

which devastated lakeside vfl- least 300 villager are being tois is now a major concern, 
bges, killing 90 per cent of the treated in hospital- He also said once the emer- 

: inhabitants, according to Two Roman Catholic has been dealt with the 
some reports. 

-- A huge eruption of gases ported as saying that survivors r*v.*r 

from beneath the bed oFthe suffered teniSe bums. Ah - 

have begun burying the dead 
in an effort to prevent the 
possible outbreak of an epi- 

•- v.-if/uwo vi W I. W pJ pvimuiUMVUieUMOUiVIVUIb namrilmm rmr-L.'-n 

from beneath the bed ofthe suffered teniSe bums. Ah 
lake formed a dense cloud of Aiperican missionary said the r 

carbon dioxide that virtually . gas cloud killed nine out often ^toninnity is expected to 

carbon dioxide that. virtually . gas cloud killed nine out often 
suffocated hs victims in a six- people in three villages around 
mile radius. The emission of the lake, turning a >n<h rain- 
gases may have been triggered forest area into a “huge 
by a minor earthquake, a wasteland" 
landslide, ‘ or chemical re- . A Dutch priest, Fred Tern 
actions with methane from Horn, said he saw men, 
rotting' vegetation, some ex- women and children dead in 
perts believe. village roadways, in front of 




arrive in Cameroon tomor- 

The British Government 
has given immediate author- 
ity to its mission in Cameroon 
to spend up to £10,000 on 
assistance, with an open- 

Gratinned on page 16, col 3 

Chernobyl plant 
may never reopen 

< - Pharce Wr%ht,Sctesce Editor, ITenna 

The . Cheraobyi’ nuclear “ areassome shift* last , only 
power station maty never be minutes. Workers are driven 
reopened. The first hint of this to these jobs in radiation- 
came from 'professor Valery shielded armoured cars. The 
Legasov, head of toe Soviet work . includes entombing 
delegation that is presenting what is left, of reactor four in 
the International Atomic En- concrete and steeL 

fltms for the Princess of Wales, in a two-piece green woollen suit yesterday, when she 
visited Roxburghe House, Dundee, a hospice for cancer sufferers. (Photograph: Tom Kidd) 

Petrol rise 
of 5p may 
not be last 

By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 

BP and Esso have dashed 
the Government’s hopes of a 
continuing brake on petrol 
prices with a 5p increase in the 
cost of a gallon from midnight, 
the second increase in two 

There was an added warn- 
ing by BP that a further 
increase of “a few pence" was 
likely soon. 

The latest rise seems certain 
to be matched by the other 
main suppliers, all of whom 
have complained in recent 
weeks of big losses on petrol 
sales, in the- wake of the 

eigy Agency with details ofthe 
inquiry into the cause and 
consequences of the explosion 
and fire in ApriL 
When asked at a news 
conference if work would 

The ever-widening reper- 
cussions of the disaster are 
clear as the Soviet experts 
expand on the technical de- 
tails of the accident, contained 
in a 388-page report with 

continue on two new reactors numerous appendices, 
at Chernobyl. Professor Lord Marshall, chairman of 
Legasov said it was impossible the Central Electricity Gen- 
to say if the remaining three crating Board and a member 

• TWo readers 
shared the £12,000 
prize yesterday in 
The Times Portfolio 
Gold competition, 
treble the usual amount 
as there was no ■ 
winner in the two 
previous daily 

• They were Mr 
T. Haley, of Pinner, 
Middlesex, and Mrs 
S.Hughes, of Ruthin, 
North Wales. Details, 
page 3. 

• There is another 
£4,000 to be won today. 

• Portfolio list, page 
21; rules and how to 
play, information 
service, page 1 6 . 

On This Day 

Somerset Maugham, Julian 
Huxley. Sapper, T.S.EIiot, Re- 
becca West and A. P. Herbert 
appeared live on television on 
August 27, 1936; but they 
could only be viewed at The 
Wireless Exhibition. 
Olympia Page 13 

OU degrees 

Open University degrees for | 
East Anglia, North-west, 
North, Wales, Northern Ire- 
land and the South-east are 
published today Page 9 

reactors could be restarted. It of the Bril 
was hoped that at least two of “The RA 
them would be returned to would not 
service, he said, and the same by the sz 
type of RBMK reactors were Britain. Il 
suit being built elsewhere. things, y 
The complexity and scale of operators.' 
the decontamination work in His opi 
the area of ^quarantine, 18 iacide wit 
square miles around the Legasov, a 
stricken plant, is one of the inquiry ci 

of the British delegation, said: 
“The RMBK-design reactor 
would not have been accepted 
by the safety authorities in 
Britain. It was, among other 
things, very difficult for 

many issues unfolding at the 

It is also the subject of a 
second video recording, pre- 
pared for the 547 nudear 
specialists attending from 45 
countries, which discloses the 
horrendous difficulties. 

New roads have to be laid so 
that vehicles can avoid travel- 

His opinion seems to co- 
incide with that of Professor 
Legasov, who said the Soviet 
inquiry concluded that Rus- 
sian nudear power operators 
needed more training in how 
lo cope with emergencies. He 
said there were not enough 
simulators in Russia for the 
purpose. ' 

Although delegates from 
countries with large nudear 

that vehicles can avoid travel- 
ling on contaminated ones. As ■ 

radioactive topsoil is removed 28? 

ference can *be seen between 

blows contaminated dust back 
from another part of the area. 

The clean-up teams are 
■working to a pattern of 3 5 days 
on and 15 days offl The 
maximum shift is eight hours. 

In the most radioactive 

the West and the Soviet bloc 
in their approaches to safety. 
The three Western countries 
use computer simulation as a 
compulsory part of training 
Continued cm page 16, col 1 

sales, in the- wake of the 
recovery in wOrki.oil prices. . 

■ Esso said foatit was reduc- 
ing price its 

by 5p. “Web&teve foe markri 
will support a higher price. 
Our margins are poor and 
international market prices 
have increased.” 

Today’s increase lifts the 
typical price of a gallon of four 
star to 169.6p, and comes after 
eight months of felling prices, 
which saw petrol drop from 
more than 2Q0p to 157p. 

A fortnight ago most of the 
big oil companies imposed an 
increase of 7p a gallon and 
said that more increases were 
on tbe way.' 

Yesterday, BP blamed the 
rise on the production cut 
agreed earlier this month by 
the Organization ofPetroIeum 
Exporting Companies (Opec). 

A spokesman said: “The 
price of crude has gone up 50 
per cent in three weeks and the 
latest increase is not propor- 
tionate to the rise in erode: 
There may be more increases 
lo come 1 " 

The increase signals the 
failure of the Treasury to 
persuade oil companies to 
bold prices at low levels. 
Increases in petrol, home 
heating oil and diesel fad 
have a significant effect on the 
retail price index and could 
affect the ability of Mr Nigel 
Lawson, tbe Chancellor, to cut 
taxes in his Budget next 

The BP rise affects other 

Floods and gales 
wreak havoc 
across Britain 

By Trndi McIntosh 

The tan end of Hurricane England and Cornwall in 12 
Charley brought torrential hours, twice the normal Au- 
rain, widespread flooding and gust total The area worst 
gales to many areas of Britain affected was North Wales and 
and Northern Ireland yes- the Pennines, where rain fells 
terday. of up to four inches caused 

The North Wales coast was widespread flooding and 
lashed fay winds gusting at damage, 
nearly 80mph and hundreds The London Weather Cen- 
of holidaymakers were forced tre said the strong winds and 
to evacuate their caravans and rain will continue today and 
watedogged tents. tomorrow. 

Camp sites in Cornwall, There were flood warnings 
south-west Wales and many for the four main rivers in 
places in the South and North- North Wales, the Dee, Conwy, 
east, were flooded and bat- Mawddach and Dovey. 
tered by winds of up to German panzer troops 
it was reduc- 1 TOraph; campers sought refuge training in Wales joined army 
for its d&d- to 1 commumty faalls and pri- cadets to help in mopping up 
I 'vrftehobift^ T' v :- .. . after the River Taf burst its- 

‘Iloads ‘were blocked by — i m« 

fallen trees and electricity Photograph 2 

power Un« were brought FoWJcasts 16 

down in Northern Ireland, 

where a man aged 40 died banks and flooded more than 
when a trench be was digging 200 homes in Whftland. 
collapsed in h®vy rain. Dyfed. 

* A man was feared drowned ' Some people, many of them 

near the Scottish border early elderly, escaped from their 
yesterday after a Land-Rover bedrooms by clambering into 
was swept away by a flooded toe bucket of a mechanical 
stream at Bowmont Water, digger, 
near Yelholm. Army and RAF helicopters 

Rain fells of up to two were called in to lift families to 
inches were recorded in many safety after they were stranded 
areas of Scotland, northern when a wall of water swept 

Opposition leaders urged 
toe Prime Minister yesterday 
to veto any use of United 
States bases in Britain for 
launching any second bomb- 
ing raid on Libya. 

Their calls came as US and 
Egyptian warships engaged in 
manoeuvres in tbe southern 
Mediterranean amid specula- 
tion in Washington that Colo- 
nel Gadaffi is about to mount 
new terrorist attacks and must 
be taught another lesson. 

It was also confirmed that 
General Vernon Walters, 
President Reagan’s special en- 
voy who obtained Mrs That- 
cher’s consent to the use of 
British-based Fills in the 
April raids, will visit London 
and other European capitals in 
about a week's time. 

Mr David SieeL, the Libera] 
leader, said: “In view of the 
public outcry on the last 
occasion when the Americans 
used facilities here to launch 
their attacks, the British Gov- 
ernment should make it quite 
clear that the Americans 
would not be authorized to 
use Nato bases in this country 
for any such strike." 

Mr Donald Anderson, a 
Labour foreign affairs spokes- 
man, said: “Mrs Thatcher 
must realize how unpopular 
her uncritical support for the 
last US adventure in Libya 
made her. She must . . . deny 
them use, either directly or 
indirectly, of their bases in this 
country again." 

Whitehall sources say that 
to date the Americans have 
not approached Britain for 
such help. 

It is suggested that the 
bellicose noises in Wash- 
ington are intended to en- 
courage anti -Gadaffi elements 
in Libya. 

Downing Street said yes- 
terday: “We are aware of the 
reports there have been of 
recent American statements 
about Libya, but that is a 
matter for the American 
Administration. There is no 
comment we wish to make." 

Mr Anderson added that the 
current "Reagan sabre- 

rattling" had more to do with 
the mid-term congressional 
elections than with events in 
the Middle East and claimed 
that he was “trying to wrap 
himself in the flag again". 

Although the Government 
appears to have recovered 
from the public backlash after 
the April assault, there seems 
little doubt that Mrs Thatcher 
would be placed in an unenvi- 
able position if asked to 
sanction further action. 

After that attack, she said 
she had gone through agonies 
before approving British in- 
volvement and that she hoped, 
most earnestly that she would 
not be asked a second time. 

Bui she coupled this with a 

The combined “Sea Winds" 
manoeuvres of the Egyptian 
and US navies in tbe Medi- 
terranean brought an appeal 
from Libya to the Egyptian 
people yesterday to overthrow 
President Mnbantk. 

Report page 5 

robust denunciation of terror- 
ism. insisting that appease- 
ment was no answer to tyrants 
and dictators and saying that 
any future request for help 
would be judged on its merits. 

Mrs Thatcher would also 
face some difficulties with her 
own party. In the debate on 
the April bombing. 10 Conser- 
vative MPs. including Mr 
Edward Heath, the former 
prime minister, rebelled 
against the government line. 

After the last raid. EEC 
heads of government agreed 
several measures against Lib- 
ya. but the Americans are said 
to believe that the sanctions 
have not had much effect. 

• The proposed visit of Gen- 
eral Wallers to Europe threw 
the Foreign and Common- 
wealth Office into confusion 
yesterday, with every indica- 
tion that his desire to discuss 
;he new tensions between the 
United States and Libya -was a 
source of embarrassment to 
the British Government (Our 
E.plomatic Staff writes). 

banks and flooded more than 
200 homes in. Whftland, 

Some people, many of them 
elderly, escaped from their 
bedrooms by clambering into 
the bucket of a mechanical 

Army and RAF helicopters 
were called in to lift families to 
safety after they were stranded 
when a wall of water swept 
down a North Yorkshire dale. 

Bridges were swept away as 
flash floods hit Swaledale and 
the surrounding valley in 
North Yorkshire, where four 
inches of rain fell in 12 hours, 
flooding farmland, camp sites 
and villages. 

One motorist was forced to 
cling to the top of a telephone 
box as a torrent swirled 
around his car in Reeifa, 

Mis Avril Richardson, a 
sub-postmistress, said a wall 
of water ripped through the 
village of Arkengarthdale 
early yesterday, sweeping 
away sheds, greenhouses and 

Downstream, at Grin ton. 

Continued on page 2, col 3 

Envoy’s mission to 
gain allies backing 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

Tbe United States is send- 
ing a top official to Europe to 
warn US allies that Libya is 
preparing a new round of 
terrorist actions, and to ask 
them to increase their eco- 
nomic and political pressure 
on Colonel Muammar Gad- 
aflTs Government. 

The Stale Department an- 
nounced yesterday that Presi- 
dent Reagan had asked Mr 
Vernon Walters, the US 
Ambassador to the United 
Nations, to leave for Europe 
this weekend. It said be will 
exchange information with 
US allies on Libya and review 

toe “full range of political 
economic and diplomatic 
measures" which the US and 
Western Europe have been 
taking against Libya. 

His visit the highest level 
consultation since a trip by Mr 
John Whitehead, Deputy Sec- 
retary of State, comes amid 
strong public warnings by the 
Reagan Administration that 
the US will take “all appro- 
priate measures" to make 
Libya cease its terrorist poli- 
cies. Officials have indicated 
that the Pentagon is preparing 
contingency plans for a new 

Continued on page 16, col 8 

spring. Armed robber I TCCB take no 

The BP rise affects other • i • .• 

Product Diesel goes up by 3p 1H iXOIlSC SlCgC ECtlOIl OVCT 
to 154.6p a gallon, while . j ,• ° Y7 . , , 

schedule prices of commercial 6Tfl(l6S BOllCC VlV IVlCU&rdS 
motor spirit rise by 4Jp a r 

US prime rate hits nine-year low 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

The cost ofborrowing fell in hopes were rekindled of rates at its fortnightly council 
e United States yesterday cheaper money here. meeting on Thursday. Lower 

the United States yesterday 
when leading banks reduced 
their prime lending rates from 
8 to 7.5 per cent, their lowest 
for nine years. _ 

The move lifted shares in 
New York. The Dow Jones 
industrial average climbed by 
21 points to 1,892.86. Share 
prices also rose in London, as 

The prime rate reduction by 
the big US banks was a 
delayed response lo Iasi 
Wednesday’s halApoint dis- 
count rate reduction by the 
Federal Reserve Board. 

Tbe prime cuts may add to 
pressure on the West Ger- 
many central bank to ease 

meeting on Thursday. Lower 
base rates could then follow, 
although dealers warned that 
further weakness for the 
pound will prevent this. 

Yesterday, the pound lost 
half a cent against the dollar, 
closing at $1.4855: 

A gunman .who bungled a 
robbery attempt on a Bristol 
building society, was being 
. hunted last night after a police 
siege lasting more than four 
hours. . 

The siege, in a house in 
Aberdeen Road, BristoL 
ended when police officers 
escorted away a man they 
described as a witness. 

The gunman was chased to , 
the house after robbing the 
Bristol and West Budding 
Society, in Whitdadies Road, i 
Clifton, BristoLof £100, when I 
a taxi he had ordered as a 
getaway car was moved on by 
a traffic warden. 

By Onr Sports Staff 
The Test and County 
Cricket Board have taken no 
action over Vivian Richards, 
the West Indian captain, who 
refused to take a drugs lest 
during Somerset’s county 
championship game with 
Gloucestershire on July 19. 

The TCCB accepted 
Richards' explanation that the 
normal practice in cricket of 
having a player from each side 
present when the draw is 
made had not been observed 
on this occasion. 

John Good body, . pages 32 aad 

As preparations get under way 
in Harare for the eighth 
summit conference of the 
Non-Aligned Movement, 
opening on Monday, a Special 
Report looks at Zimbabwe’s 
achievements since indepen- 
dence in 1980 Pages 22-24 

Olivia Channon leaves fortune of £541,959 

Home News 23 
Overseas 5.7A 
Appts 19 
Arts 15 

Bulks, dfftlw, 
nnfages 14 
Bridge 14 
themes 17-21 
Chess 2 

Cottrt 14 

Crosswords I&M 
Wiry 12 
Ensb 16 

Features 10-12 
Leaders 13 
Letters 13 
Obitnmy 14 
Property 25 
Sale Room 14 
Soeaw 14 
Sport 30-3234 
Theatres, etr 33 
TV & Radio 33 
llam 9,14 
Weather 16 
WUis 14 

By Craig Seton 

Olivia Channon, the daugh- 
ter of Mr Paul Channon, the 
Secretary of State for Tmfe 
and Industry, left a fortune of 
nearly £700,000 in a will she 
made only six’ months before 
her death after > party at 
Oxford University. 

The will, published yes- 
terday. showed that Miss 
Channon left £686,009 gross. 
£541,959 net, to be divided 
equally between her sister 
Georgia, aged 20, and her 
brother Henry, aged 17. 

Miss Channon. who was 22, 
made out the will on Christ- 
mas Eve last year. 

In June this year she was 
found dead in a student’s 

room at Christ Church, Ox- 
ford, after celebrating the end 
of her modem history final 
examinations at a party where 
she was believed lo have taken 

Her fortune was believed to 
have been amassed from a 
series of trusts set up by her 
rich family, which is closely 
Jinked to the wealthy 
Guinness brewing and bank- 
ing dynasty. 

Miss Channon died as a 
result of choking on her own 
vomit after the celebrations 
with her close friends. But 
after her death several people 
were charged with supplymg 
her with heroin or possessing 

Miss Channon, who was at 
St Hilda's College, Oxford, 
was known by close friends to 
- have had an annual allowance 
of about £25,000 as an under- 
graduate and owned a bouse, 
worth an estimated £60,000, 
which she shared with other 
students in the university city. 

In a letter she wrote three 
months before her death in 
June.. Miss Channon re- 
quested that her dose friend, 
Rosie Johnston, should take 
£2.000 from her will to throw 
a party for all of her friends, 
but it was not known whether 
she made specific provision in 
her will for such a party. 

Miss Johnston, aged 22, and 
Sebastian Guinness, Miss 

Channon's second cousin and 
heir to the banking and brew- 
ing fortune, were later charged 
with supplying ' her- with 

Mr Paul Channon. aged 50. 
Olivia's father, inherited 
considerable wealth from his 
father, 'Sir Hairy “Chips" 
Channon, who maiiried Honor 
Guinness; the granddaughter 
of toe firet Lord Iveagh, the 
founder of the Guinness 

Mr Chanson's wife, Ingrid, 
was formerly married to mil- 
lionaire Jonathan Guinness, a 
director of the brewing 

Mr and Mrs Channon have 
a country mansion" in Essex, a 

house worth an estimated £2 
million in Cheyne Walk, Lon- 
don." and a villa on the West 
Indian island of Mustique. 

The Duke and Duchess of 
Kent and their daughter. Lady 
Helen Windsor, attended Miss 
Channon's funeral, together I 
with Count Gottfried von, 
Bis mark, the great great grand- 
son of Prince' Otto, toe 
founder of modern Germany. 

It was .in the Count's stu- 
dent room at Oxford that Miss 
Channon was found dead. He 
has since been charged with 
possessing drugs. 

An inquest into Miss 
Channon's death is due to be 
held in Oxford next month. 

Shds spent a lifetime supporting her famil y 

Don’t let her become a poor relation. 

Throughout the country there are thousands who, like 
Miss Ferguson here, have shown unstinting devotion to their 
family. Often itk to the detriment of a promising career and 
results in years of hardship. 

Likewise, many from a professional or similar back- 
ground whose rime has been spent helping the community 
must retire on low; fixed incomes. 

The Royal United Kingdom Beneficent Association 
was founded in 1863 to care for these deserving cases. 

Every year since, costs have risen. That’s why we muse 
ask people like you to help people like Miss Ferguson by 
either sending a donation to RUKBA or remembering us 
in your wiiL 

ritaM ^ 

L — 

The Royal Untied Kingdom Beneficent Asuvuoon. 
6 Aronimnr Road. London WH BRL.Tel:lJl-<»02(»27-) 



Police chief 
welcome for 
Stalker after 
fears of rift 

By Peter Davenport 

P.Tpff >:• ' ■ /'& 

Mr James Anderton, Chief well together in the public 
Constable of Greater Man- interest and for the good of the 

Chester, moved to dispel fears force, and there is no reason 
of a rift with his reinstated why we cannot do so again. 

."■'.'A 1 <IV.' . 

deputy by issuing a statement “A police force without a 

yesterday welcoming the re- deputy chief constable is cer- 
ium to duty of Mr John tainly not fully effective and I 


Requests for the two officers back on duty: 

am glad to have John Stalker 

to be photographed together 
. were refused, however. 

Mr Stalker declined to make 
any further comment. During 

■’ The two men, who had not the weekend he had been 
spoken for three mouths, met anxious to play down reports 

again at the regular morning of a rift saying that his only 
conference of the force's se- intention was to resume work 

nior officers. 

with Mr Anderton, a police 

World chess championship 

Standing ovation 
as game is drawn 

The oenuitimate game of slight initiative and. in feet, 
the London legofthe World Black went on towm a Pawn. 

Chess Championship was 
agreed drawn after life forty- 

first move on Monday. 

The brilliant duel Between 

The brilliant duel Between 
the two Soviet grandmasters 
was greeted by a standing 
ovation from the audience 
when the draw was agreed just 
before 10 pm. 

The game had been a wild, 
fluctuating, knife-edge strug- 
gle where at first Karpov and 
then Kasparov appeared to 
have chances to score a de- 
cisive victory- -* 

.The opening, yet another 
Grunftld Defence, duplicated 
that of game nine. Karpov's 
thirteenth move deviated 

But at the dose of play 
Kasparov recognized that his 
extra Pawn was insufficient 
for victory and agreed to a 
draw without sealing a move. 

The final game oT the Lon- 
don leg (unless there is a time- 
out) will be played today. . - 
The moves 
White; Karpov . 

Whfla Back 21 AM NA3 


slightly from the earlier model 
and his stunning fifteenth 
move broke fresh territory. 
Offering the sacrifice of Rook 
for Knight, Karpov would 
have obtained an overwhelm- 
ing initiative if Black had 
accepted the sacrifice with IS 
bxc6, 16 Ne7+ Kh8, 17 Nxc6. 

Kasparov wisely declined 
this Greek gift After move 
twenty many experts were 
predicting that the White at- 
tack would be decisive. But 
Kasparov struck back with an 
unexpected counter attack 
involving his Queen and 

On move twenty-four 
Karpov could have fenced a 
draw by playing 24 Nxg6+. 
Instead he bravely played on 
for a win by capturing, but he 
appeared to overlook 
Kasparov’s riposte; a powerful 
move with his own Queen 
which prevented checkmate 
and threatened the White 

Karpov pondered for 41 
minutes before finding salva- 

Mr Anderton had come in officer for whom be had the 
for criticism' for not welcom- greatest professional respect 

A caravan 

in the floodwaters at Reeth in North Yorkshire yesterday. 

-ina back his deputy immedi- When he returned to his 

D . - r - _ j • - j i- i r-. j... l. mi 

■ ately he was reinstated by a desk last Saturday he said: “I 
special meeting of the Greater am looking forward to taking 

Britain lashed by gales and floods 

Manchester Police Authority some of the burden that be has 
last Friday, after it had re- been carrying alone for the 

jected a report that he should past three months. I go back 
be sent to a disciplinary with no grudges.” 

Continued from page I 
holidaymakers had to push 
and tow their caravans up a 

hillside to prevent their being and bruises. 

Rotherham District Gen- 
eral Hospital said the injured 
were treated for shock, cuts 

tribunal on 10 counts. 

Mr Anderton. who had 
returned from holiday in the 

The two men had not 
oken since May, the day 
ter Mr Stalker was first 

Lake District, declined to talk informed of the disciplinary 
to journalists and, instead, allegations that were to lead to 

issued a brief, written state- his suspension. 

menu It said: 

The decision to refer the 

“Last Friday Councillor Da- allegations to the Greater 
vid Moffat, the acting chair- Manchester Police Authority 

. , •- . T . _ _ _ > n.t:— 

man of the police committee, and the Police Complaints 
made the valid point, follow- Authority was taken by Mr 

swept away. 

The River Tees overflowed 
at Croft, near Darlington, with 
both the Yorkshire and Dur- 
ham sides of the river affected. 

Twelve people were taken 
to hospital after an II car 
crash on the southbound 
carriageway of the Ml at 
Aston, South He rkshire. 

Boat owners at Abersoch on 
the Lleyn Peninsula in north- 
west Wales, said gales had 
caused an estimated £500,000 
damage to about sixty craft, 
including cruisers and small 

More than 5,000 people in 
Keswick and Kendal in the 
Lake District were without 

electricity supplies yesterday 
after gales blew down power 

In Alston, England’s highest 
market town, sandbags were 
issued to householders by 
firemen after a flood alert. 

One hundred holiday- 
makers staying at the Notter 
Mill Bungalow Bark, near 
Sal lash, Cornwall, were found 
alternative accommodation 
after the River Lyner burst its 

banks early in the day,- swamp- 
ing the site. 

Police officers and firemen 
used inflatable dinghies to 
rescue the campers, but the 
camp rite owner said the 
bungalows had been badly 

At Porthdinllaen, two men 
from Stoke-on-Trent were 
winched on board an RAF 
helicopter from a 22-foot 
yacht that was dragging an- 

ing the reinstatement of Mr Anderton. 

John Stalker, that he would Mr Stalker is preparing for 

expect professional chief offi- his staff association a detailed 
cers now to get on with the job paper critical of the investiga- 

of running the force and tion. He believes that the 
serving the public. I have no matter could have been re- 

_ ■ j ■ .i . .jti. .. i.t» 

Attack on 

TUC Congress at Brighton 

hesitation in endorsing that solved with an informal inter- 
point of view, which has view with Mr Anderton thus 


Print talks ‘defuse’ debate 

By Nicholas Beeston 

always been 

our primary avoiding the expense and 
trauma of a protracted 

“It may be thought that inquiry, 
persona] relationships at se* He is critical also of the fact 

nior command level in the that he was identified publicly 
Greater Manchester Police before he knew details of the 

Force could be affected by the allegations against him, and is 
traumas of the past few anxious to avoid other senior 

months, but John Stalker and officers undergoing similar 
I have always worked very ordeals. 

In crash 

By Rodney Cowton 

700 Ulster 
jobs to go 

The TUC yesterday de- 
scribed the Government's 
proposals for reforming the 
rating system as striking at the 
principles of local democracy 
in their political approach and 
“an ill considered and un- 
workable basis for reform”. 

The TUC condemnation 
comes in response to a Green 
Paper, Pay for Load Govern- 
ment. It (alls on the Govern- 
ment to withdraw the paper 

A new round of talks be- 
tween management and un- 
ions over the dispute at Mr 
Rupert Murdoch's plant at 
Wapping, east London, is 
expected to be in progress 
when the issue is debated next 
Monday as the TUC Congress 
opens in Brighton. 

Mr Bill O’Neill. News 
International's chief nego- 
tiator, will return to London 
on Friday from New York for 

and think * &in on the basis of a meeting with representatives 
the 1976 Layfield committee of the printing imionTin an 

. British Aerospace is ex- 
pected to- resume production 
of its Hawk 200 fighter after a 
Ministry of Defence inquiry 
found that the crash of the 
prototype almost two months 
ago was not caused by a 
technical fault 
■ The company said yes- 
terday that an investigation of 
the wreckage bad not shown 
any evidence of malfunction 
or structural failure before 
impact. The read-out from the 
accident data recorder showed 
no sign of warnings or engine 

The inquiry concluded that 
the most likely explanation for 
the accident was a momentary 
loss of orientation by the pilot, 
Mr Jim Hawkins, who was 

The Hawk 200 is a develop- 
ment of the Hawk jet trainer 
which is in service with the 
Royal .Air Force. Intended for 
sale to Third World countries, 
the prototype bad been flown 
by four pilots on 27 flights 
lasting a total of nearly 28 

It was the only Hawk 200 
built by BAe. The company 
has continued work on the 
project but has not yet started 
assembling a second aircraft. 

Tornado fighter 
seeks US sale 

A new version of the Tor- 
nado fighter-bomber, now in 
service with the Royal Air 
Force and in West Germany 
and Italy, could be sold to the 
United States Air Force. 

The new aircraft, the Tor- 
nado ECR (electronic combat 
and reconnaissance variant), 
is being developed for the 
West German Air Force to 
destroy air defences, disrupt 
electronic systems and carry 
out reconnaissance. 

It is estimated that the US 
could require up to 150 air- 
craft to fulfil a similar role in 
the next five years. 

The Tornado manufacturer. 
Pan a via. which represents the 
three partner nations, is seek- 
ing a US company to take the 
lead in promoting the sale of 
Tornado to the Americans. 

(t is argued that Tornado is 
the only suitable aircraft with 
an ability to operate around 
the dock, in all weather and at 
low altitudes. 

However, it will be difficult 
to persuade the Americans to 
choose a European aircraft to 
replace their ageing Wild 
Weasals. and they may wish to 
install US electronic equip- 
ment. The US Air Force is also 
looking at the possibility of 
adapting two existing combat 
aircraft to an ECR role. 

By Richard Ford 

Seven hundred workers are 
to lose their jobs in Northern 
Ireland with the announce- 
ment yesterday of the closure 
of a tobacco plant producing 
18 million cigarettes a day. 

The decision by GaUahers 
to shut its main factory in 
Belfast and concentrate prod- 
uction in Co Antrim, is a 
severe blow to the province's 
hard pressed manufacturing 
industry and its unemploy- 
ment level, when 129,432 
people are out of work. 

The announcement may 
sway the 7,000 workers 
contemplating strike action at 
Shorts aircraft manufacturers, 
over the management's order 
for the removal of “loyalist" 
flags, emblems and banting. 

Leading Democratic Union- 
ist Party politicians have met 
the management of the com- 
pany with their own proposals 
on die issue. But Mr Peter 
Robinson, the DUP member 
for East Belfast, refused to 
give details of the proposals 
which they will now take to the 
employees. He said: “I am 
greatly concerned that action 
of an industrial type or an- 


Its response sees danger in 
the proposal to phase out 
domestic rates over a period 
of up to 10 years and replace it 
fay a flat-rate community 
charge, payable fay all adults. 

“The community charge 
amounts to nothing more than 
a poll tax which will bear 
hardest on those on low 
incomes and will be extremely 
problematic to administer," 
the TUC memorandum ays. 

It ays the proposed uni- 
form business rate would 

attempt to find a basis for a 
settlement to the seven-month 

The newly. convened talks 
were-a^eed -last- months when 
the general secretary of the 
electricians’ union. ,Mr Eric 

Hammond, met Mr Murdoch 
in New York. 

That meeting came after an 
offer last June was rejected by 
the two printing unions, Sogat 
'82 and the National Graphi- 
cal Association. 

Mr Hammond's members 
are working in the Wapping 
plant, and the NGA has called 
on the electricians to stop or 
face expulsion from the TUC 
The debate on the NGA 
motion, which was widely 
expected to dominate and 
divide the congress, could be a 
less disruptive affair if the 
priming unions are in the 
midst of considering a new 
offer from -M f Murdoch.- - 
The last offer to. the 5,500 
printing workers, who were 

dismissed after going on 
strike, was of £50 million 
compensation and the old 
Times offices in central Lon- 
don. That offer has been 
withdrawn by News Inter- 
national, but the new talks 
could take some of the sting 
out of the TUC debate. . 

The printing union leaders 
are voicing concern that the 
new round of peace talks 
could be used to deflate a 
potentially fiery encounter at 

minutes before finding salva- 
tion with a sequence of moves 
that led to a mass of ex- 
changes. In the resulting end- 

ch . 

22 m ..06 

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White Back 41 btt4 ; 


Lloyds contest 

After six rounds of the 
Lloyds Bank tournament the 
Norwegian, G. M. Agdestein, 
the only player left with a 
maximum score, leading 
with six points (Harry 
Golombek writes). 

Agdestein beat the Icelandic 
G. M. HjartarsotLSecond-is L 
M. Hodgson* from England, 
who has Sft points after 
defeating G. Ml Chandler who 
blundered a rook. 

OUmt rami Bum round sbr. 
Watson fi. Kuatte ft: PIMmU v>. 

KrtMcnMn O. Arftdt a kct 1 : Sent VS. 
vgn .a r-amn” KMuwnriiu -a. 
Hfoatn l. 

game Kasparov still held a 'hKMHC&MB&Y 

threat to 

Parties in 

trick 9 hunt 

British Coal may dose 
Com tie colliery in west Fife, 

The TUC has made dear ^SSTSi a roof feS 
that important discusaons on blocked the ventilation system 

nuclear power, a statutory and the route used to get coal 
minimum wage and trade ^ the surface. . 1 ....-l 

- Only maintenance wmtes 

shelves! for tte 

Wapping dispute. 

Tory takes key labour post 

A member of the Conser- 
vative Party and the Conser- 
vative Trade Unionists dis- 
missed suggestions yesterday 

undermine local democracy that his political affiliations 
by reducing the ability of would affect his position on a 
round Is to determine the level kev TUC committee. 

of service in their own areas. 

“Local authorities will find 
it increasingly difficult to 
function under a system in 
which there is no dear link 
between the distribution of 
finances and resource needs." 

• Staffordshire's 800 firemen 
are to boycott a Home Office 
inspection of the county's fire 
and rescue service next month 
in protest at government plans 
to study its the service's cost 

They will refuse to carry out 
drills and exercises for the 
Home Office inspector in an 
action which has the support 
of the controlling Labour 
group on the county council 

key TUC committee. 

Mr Jim Gregson, the law 
and parliamentary committee 
chairman of the National and 
Local Government Officers’ 
Association (Nalgo), was ap- 
pointed by the union to the 
TUC’s local government 
committee in July. 

His selection is expected to 
upset other unions, because 
the committee will be working 
dosely with the Labour Party 
on drawing up a joint strategy 
on local government matters 
for the next general election. 

Mr Gregson. aged 57, a 
Nalgo member in the North- 
west for 41 years, joined the 
Conservative Trade Unionists 
in 1978. He said: “I do not 
regard myself any more a spy 

other type might occur.” 

The demand by Shorts was rit an i £% jr 

ittJSSSgSBt Treasury mil lose £6m 
2XSIE2ZUZ this year on TV levy 

the province got alongside one J 

another the future was grim The Treasury is expected to Kleinwort Gneveson, the City . 

and the sympathy in Bri tain lose £6 million this year brokers, the Government 
and the rest of the world for because of the change in the foiled to predict that overs eas 
Ulster would disappear. formula for calculating the earnings from programme 

He said Sir Phfllip Fore- levy on the profits of indepen- sales would remain essentially 
man, the Shorts chairman, dent broadcasters. flat this year, while domestic 

had acted on behalf of all the Three quarters of the in- profits would increase sharply 
workers and he trusted that dependent television com- because of the 20 per cent 
people in the rest of the parties will gain an unexpected increase in advertising sales, 
province would not “stir it up”, windfall profit from the -We're talking about 10 per 
Dr Boyson said the closure . cent of the levy being lost to 

of the tobacco plant was a “sad Treasury loss 15 the Treasury," Miss Bronwen 

blow". But he welcomed P® 1 ®* in spjte of government Maddox, an analyst for 
GaUahers decision to keen assurances earlier this year Klienwort said. In 1985, the 

that a new formula for Treasucy collected a £40 mil- 
calculating the levy would be Uon teW fiom the ITV 
-revrawneutraH ■ companies. 

The bonus for the broad- ' . . . 

casters comes after a decision primary beneficiaries 

by Mr Douglas Hurd, Home ^ new levy formula are 
Secretary, in March to cut the “ e regional companies who 
levy on the domestic profits of do no1 makcjnany pro- 
the broadcasters from 67 per firammes for the ITV network, 
cent to 45 per cent, while London Weekend Tele- 
imposing a 23 per cent levy on vision will realize an £800,000 

By A Staff Reporter 

for Nalgo at the TUC than a 
spy for the TUC at Nalgo. 
Nalgo is a non-political union, 
not affiliated to the Labour 

He denied that he was 
politically minded. But he 
would not disclose the po- 
sition he holds within the 
Conservative Party. 

Nalgo broke with tradition 
earlier this year and selected a 
member with less service, but 
without Mr Grcgson's Tory 
links, to a vice-president's 
post Mr Gregson, who has 
been a member of Nalgo’s 
national executive council for 
11 years, contested the de- 
cision but lost 

* It is understood Nalgo be- 
lieved it could not break with 
convention again when the 
chairmanship of the law and 
parliamentary committee be- 
came available. The post car- 
ries with it a seat on the TUC 
local government committee. 

on -Sunday and they. . were' not 
in danger.: *of • . ' j.- , 

. Yesterday, after .a meeting 
between colliery management 
and leaders of. . the National 
Union of Mine.workers 
Mr Gregson, a principal (NUM), it was announced 
Iministrabve officer with that there was to be a full 

administrative officer with 
Lancashire County Council, 
said that he did not expect any 
difficulties in his new post, but 
admitted that he was probably 
the most high-ranking Tory 
within the TUC hierarchy. 

“I think a lot of people think 
Conservatives and trade 
unions are a contradiction in 
terms. If that were so, the 

review of the pit’s flitnre. 

The 490 workers will be 
redeployed to other collieries 
in the Fife coalfield. British 
Coal said it would allow the 
NUM to cany out its own 

Production is down to 
about 2.3 tonnes a manrshift, 
below the 3-tonne target and 

Conservative Party would ^ level reached by 

never get elected," be sakL 

As ch a ir m an of one -Nalgo 
committee and a member, of 
two others, he was, “used to 
wearing different hats”. He 
said that his left-wing col- 
leagues saw his appointment 
as “quite natural". 

He did not expect other 
committee members.' to hold 
back sensitive information 
about TUC policy. The local 
government committee has 
not met since his 

other pits. 

Meanwhile, a delegation of 
miners dismissed by the Na- 
tional Coal Board during the 
cod strike in 1984, and their 
femilies, delivered a letter to 
the Queen yesterday at Bal- 
moral. They were protesting at 
the decision by British Coal 
not to re-employ the men. 

Of 206 miners dismissed 
during or immediately after 
the strike, 93 have been re- 

unless the two communities in 
the province got alongside one 
another the future was grim 
and the sympathy in Britain 
and the rest of the world for 
Ulster would disappear. 

He said Sir Phfllip Fore- 
man, the Shorts chairman, 
had acted on behalf of all the 
workers and he trusted that 
people in the rest of the 
province would not “stir it np". 

Dr Boyson said the closure 
of the tobacco plant was a “sad 
blow". But he welcomed 
GaUahers decision to keep 
their research and develop- 
ment facility in the province. 

The shutdown will occur 
over the next two years with 
200 jobs going to early retire- 
ment, 500 redundandes and 
another 450 being retained at' 
the firm's modern plant in 

Earlier this year Rothmans 
UK closed its plant in 
Canrickfergus, Co Antrim, aid 
withdrew from the province, 
but yesterday GaUahers in- 
sisted that its decision did not 
herald the beginning of its 

profits made overseas, for the gain because of the changed 

first time. 

formula. But Thames Tele- 

The new formula was not vision, the largest ITV ex- 
imended to increase or reduce porter of programmes, is 

the total amount collected. expected to pay £500,000 

a i: i * « j.' .ij 

According to a repon to be more in levy than it would 
published next week by have under the old formula. 

Mr Peter West, the doyen of 
television's cricket com- 
mentators, who reported his 
last test match for the BBC 
yesterday when rain reduced 
the final day's play between 
England and New Zealand at 
foe Oval to one over. 

Mr West, aged 65, retires 
from the BBC next month 

England and [New Zealand at the Corporation be was a Royal Military Academy* nereferred to recent reports 
foe Oval to one over. member of foe Wimbledon Sandhurst, was rnebv * n News* which has 

Mr West, aged 65, retires commentary team, and coy- correspondent of The Tana Published a reproduction of a 
from foe BBC next month ered six successive Olympic from 1971 to 1982. Labour leaflet in a London 

Aladdin’s caves of fake luxuries destined for destruction 

after 39 years. He began 
broadcasting on cricket on 
radio in 1947. His first tele- 
vision broadcast was made in 

During his long career with 
foe Corporation he was a 
member of foe Wimbledon 
commentary team, and cov- 
ered six successive Olympic 

Games, 1 
m 1948, 

may close By John Winder. 

f w- F fcri Conservative Central Office 

L*wcf£n and the Liberal tynelectian 
i ° unit are both conducting an 

m “ analysis v of -each other's 

a bfch diaif&fl By Mi Mi- 

chaet" Meadowcroft, Liberal 
ragS MP: foii Leeds West, will be 
w-wnrVpr? submitted to Mr David Steel, 
announced Liberal leader, soon and is 
fall likely to be published soon. 
11111 Conservative Party officials 

. n , havebeen analysing what they 
as will be regard as Liberal “dirty tricks” 
TaoS? 1 ? fo r some time and plan to 
i w Bn™ publish a report within foe 
L “* nejrt couple -of months. No 
ut ns own details are available. 

Concern for foe good name 
down to of politics is the spur, be hind 
manrshift, foe Liberal report and foe 
target and imminent- by-election in 
reached by Knowsley North,* on. Mersey- 
side, has lent a new urgency, 
•legation of The report tackles accusa- 
by the Na- tions that Liberals used smear 
Hn png the tactics last month at New- 
1, and their castie-under-Lyme but argues 
a tetter to others are more unscrupulous, 
lay at Bat- Mr Meadowcroft points to 
ro testing at Labour's use of propaganda 
ritish COal on the rales, and accuses foe 
le men. Conservatives of sinking 

■ , “even lower than usual”. 

He expects the Knowsley 
election will “not be the most 
e oeen re- delicate of campaigns". Oth- 
ers are usiDg cruder words in 
their forecasts. . 

• He said yesterday, however, 
that his main concern was the 
great danger in devaluing 
political currency. 

“Once you start doing that, 
none of us gains. The elec- 
torate gets brassed off and says 
*they are all foe same’, turn- 
out goes down, the political 
process folk into disrepute 
and there is a danger that 
people feel that process does 
not provide them with ai 
healthy outlet 
“Then they feel that there is 
no reason why they should not 
turn to non-constitutional 
means.” . 

But Mr Meadowcroft V re- 
port contains no suggestion off 
a code of conduct for by- 
elections, although he adds 
that Liberals have-such aedde: 
not to print anything of which 
they would be afoaraed. 

When, asked for evidence. 
Mr Meadowcroft said the last 

in London 2“* ^ ^ Ae 

was also wefl Conservatives had resembled 

known as foe presenter of m advertisement outside a 

Come Dancing for 15 years. 

Mr West, who was educated 
at Cranbfook School and the 

theatre, taking one word from 
a criticism mid twisting 'its 

. He referred to recent reports 

Bus drivers 
stay off road 

By Mark Ellis 

A record amount of perfume. 

Thousands of people in 
Hull were either late for work 
or did not arrive at all 
yesterday because the 270 
drivers with the city's new bus 

company were on strike. 

The dispute began on Fri- 
day over the suspension of 
their union branch secretary. 

leather clothes and luxuries, many 
with world-famous brand names, 
are held in investigators' secret 
stores in Britain waiting to be des- 

All the goods are counterfeit and 
held by private investigators pend- 
ing the outcome of court actions for 
foe destruction of the mountain of 
copies and imitations with a street 
value of up to £1 million. 

One firm of trade investigators. 
Carratu International, of Cheam in 

Surrey, which specializes in anti- 
counterfeiting work, has seized a 
vast assortment of fakes in raids this 
year across Britain and foe rest of 

It has recovered 750,000 bottles 
of counterfeit perfume, 80.000 
leather handbags, 5.000 pairs of 
women's leather shoes and 2,000 
shirts with the names of popular 
makes illegally attached. 

The company also has a further 
1.5 million empty perfume bottles, 
more than 750,000 perfume boxes, 
numerous printing plates and six 

mites of counterfeit doth used for 
producing fake fashion-bags. 

Investigators work with solicitors 
and are armed with High Court 
orders, which allow foe search and 
seizure and eventual destruction of 
-suspect goods. , 

The searches arc commissioned 
by the companies which lose pres- 
tige and millions of pounds worth of 
sales through foe trade in counter- 
feit goods. ; 

Several tons of ‘ counterfeit 
packaging is destined to be pulped 
and recycled, but foe amount of 

perfume is SO large it cannot be 
buried because of the high alcohol 
content and risk of fire. 

Mr Paul Carratu, deputy manager 
and director of Carratu Inter- 
national, said: “This year has been a 
record year and the embarrassing 
thing is that foe bulk of it is of UK 

The goods cannot be resold 
because they are counterfeit and 
must be destroyed after court 
proceedings, which can take severaL 
months. Counterfeiters are charged 

for the storage o£ foe goods until 
they are destroyed. 

High-value luxury goods, such as 
perfumes, are the most popular 
targets for counterfeiters because of 
the large profits to be made. Because 

* of the difficulty of. disposing of 
counterfeit pernitme it is often 
recycled for industrial use. 

• The Department of Trade and 
Industry said yesterday that more 
counterfeit goods were probably 
corning to light because large firms 
felling victim fo the swindlers were 
starting to employ investigators* 

Labour leaflet in a London 
council by-election suggesting 
a candidate lived, notin the 
constituency, but in a . large, 
stockbroker-belt house.: • 

At Knowsley, foe Liberals 
are already campaigning hard, 
the Conservatives have: cho- 
sen their candidate, but La- 
bour has yet to do so. 

The poll date has not been 




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Teachers at 
risk of pay 
cuts over 
work curbs 

By Lacy Hodges, Education Correspondent 
Teachers should have pay school day including, setting, 


mmsasmstm m 


-i , 

docked if they refuse to attend 

parent and staff meetings out- 
side school hours, if they 
refuse to keep records on then- 
pupils, and if they refuse to 
prepare lessons and mark 
school work outside school 
boms. That is (he advice legal 
experts have gryen the Inner 
Loudon Education Authority 

The opinion, given by Mr 
James Goudie, QC, and Mr 
Alan Wilkie, a hamster, has 
beat sent to each of the 104 
education authorities in En- 
gland and Wales and should 
strengthen considerably the 
employers’ bands in dealing 
with future teacher disruption. 

As part of last year’s pay 
dispute teachers all over the 
country were refusing to do 
out-of-honrs duties which 
they said were voluntary. 

That meant that for a long 
period they were refusing to 
meet parents or to attend any 
meetings outride the school 
day or to keep pupil profiles. 
Some are still marntatei-ng 
that stance. 

The local authority employ- 
ers did nothing about it be- 
cause it was not dear at the 
time whether the duties were 
part of teachers' contracts. 

Now, as a result of the Scott 
judgement, whidt decided 
that teachers were contrac- 
tually required to cover for 
absent colleagues, two legal 
experts are advising that 
teachers are also contractually 
required to perform a whole 
range of duties outside the 

• marking and invigilating ex- 

The legal advice was sought 
tv foe Labour-controlled Ilea 
which lias not been noted for 
firm handling of teachers' 
militancy. It is understood 
that the JDea does not want to 
begin to dock pay for any 
Mure to undertake duties and 
would rather negotiate a new 
contract with teachers to cover 
those issues. 

The two lawyers say: “In the 
light of the reasoning [of the 
Scon judgement] it is dear 
that these activities do impose 
a contractual obligation. In 
our opinion, the Ilea ought 
now to make dear to the 
teachers- that it regards these 
activities as imposing a 
contractual obligation upon 

On the question of covering 
the dasses of absent col- 
leagues, foe legal opinion 
makes dear that the Oea 
cannot henceforth ignore 
teachers’ refusal to undertake 
this duty. If it does, that could 
lead to “breaches of its fun- 
damental statutory duties’* 
and a breach of duty towards 
its ratepayers. 

That advice is the reason 
why the Ilea, and other 
authorities, are so keen to 
negotiate a deal on cover with 
foe teachers* unions on Mon- 
day. Otherwise the autumn 
term could begin with tochers 
stDl refitting to cover as a 
hangover of the pay dispute, 
and with parents much better 
equipped to bring a court case 
against foe authority. 

* - : ? 

Ovett sportswear 
firm stops trading 

By Jolra Geodbody, Sports News Correspondent . 

The sportswear company of 
Steve Ovett has officially 
ceased trading, as foe British 
runner p rep are s to compete 
tomorrow m foe European 
Championships in Stuttgart 

Mr Andrew Sainsbury, of 
Edward Lcask, a Portsmouth 
firm of chartered accountants 
which ac&'for the Common- 
wealth champion, said yes- 
terday that Ovett Sprats 
limited was not bring wound 

“At the moment it is dor- 
mant while future enterprises 
are being considered. There is 
no question of the company 
going into voluntary liqui- 
dation,** Mr Sainsbury said. 

It is not the first time that 
Ovett, foe former Olympic 
gold medal winner, has had 
trouble in business. Ovett 
Limited, the predecessor of 
Ovett Sprats Limited, went 
into voluntary liquidation in 
1984 owing £37,000 to 34 

But Mr Sainsbury said that 
foe new company, which has 
beat the subject of complaints 
from customers about the 
quality of goods and the 
punctuality of delivery, can 

Super Prix 



By Craig Setoa 

More than 80,000 people 
bought tickets to watch 
Birmingham's rain-lashed 
motor-raring “Super Prix” 
according to its organizers, j 
who yeslatiay promised that 
the event would be bigger and 
better next year. 

Birmin gham City Council 
invested £L5 millio n in Brit- 
ain’s first attempt to stage 
motor raring on public roads, 
and yesterday it released de- 
tails of ticket sales to counter 
suggestions that foe two-day 
event had been a loss-making 

The main race, a 51 -lap 
round of the Formula 3000 
championship, bad to be 
abandoned at foe half-way 
stage when several raring cars 

ir company of meetafl hs financial comnrit- 
has officially meets to creditors, 

he Eurooean how much was owed to crcd- 
rnStmSrtT fo>i^qrwfaefoerthecomMny 

itself owed money to Ovett 
Sainsbury, of and his wife, Rachel, the two 
i Portsmouth registered directras. “That is a 
1 accountants question - for . the . -share- 
be Common- holders,” Mr Samsbmy safri. 

• The company, which mar- 

kSLwSSS keted trade suite witb Ovetfs 
bang wound launched in 

1984 and last year obtained 
ent it is dor- foe contract to supply official 
ire enterprises souvenir dothing for the Lon- 
ered. There is don Marathon. 

11 ^ recency concentrated 
'SSSJST on mafl-order deliveries hut 
isbury said. none of three athletics maga- 
irst time that zroes, gunning. Athletics To- 
ner Olympic day and Athletics Weekly 
iner, has had advertise the goods. Mr Tim 
an ess. Ovett Green, foe advertisement 
redecessor of director of Athletics Weekly, 
united, went said this week; “We have 
iquidation in never carried advertisements. 
7,000 to 34 from Ovett Sports Ltd because 

of' the way the company 
any said that sorted.” 
iy, wfiich has Mr Sainsbury confirmed 
Df complaints that the company had now left 
; about the its Brighton premises and was 
ds and the operating from a Post Office 
delivery, can box number. 

Experts |L 

By Mark Dowd 

One of foe ma instays of 
Eugfish heritage, foe fall tra- 
ditional breakfast, Is in an 
ailing state of disrepair. 

Research carried out by fuD- 
fime professional inspectors 
for Ego* Ramey** Guides, for 
tire hotel and restaurant food 
survey to be published in 
Novembov ftertains some 

daunting aitirigns. 

The chief inspector, who 
because of foe nature of Ms 
work has " to remain anony- 
mous, said yesterday: “The 
average price of a hotel break- 
fast is to foe region of £S and 
upwards. That's a let of money 
to be paying for frozen Mange 
juice and and fat some cases, 
stale croissants.” 

There really was no excuse, 
for hotels dedining to offer a 
choice, far example, b e tw e e n 
wholemeal and white toast, be 

Even more lamentable was 
foe small number of venues 

1 which could boast freshly 

squeezed mange juice. “Most BSPC A CMeflnspector Sid Jenkins, foe star of a new six-part BBC documentary series Animal Squad, helping a lost kit- 
ptera ok to cartons tenrt t he RSPC A bqstipa^ Putney, weg London yesterday. The series, which begins on BBCl next Wednesday, follows 

wbcb is mandy full of Chief Inspector Jeolons and his team of five men for-three months at Leeds, the RSPCA’s busiest centre, and challenges the 
additives, he said. belief font Britain is a nation of animal lovers (Photograph; T fs li f Lee). 

“The trouble is that people — ; ■ — Z.—L 

k^^d e Overloaded courts 

they should do. After all, it’s "^“" r 

"JSSZZZZ Backlog cannot be cleared 

By Fraoces Gibb, U&l Affiun, Comspoadeat 

its Pall Mall headquarters The workload of the civil on staff” and to start their own totalled 18,359, compared 
from September 1. and criminal courts in London “self help” computerization with 15,462 in 1984. Commit- 

Tbe traditional English ap- and foe South-east has risen schemes, such as those being tals for trial received in the 
petite breaker, black pudding by nearly a fifth, the Lord carried out in Norwich and South-eastern area outside 
and alL will be available Chancellor's Department Bow, east London. London rose from 12,584 to 

between 8 and 930am to those says, and that has ended for The figures are released as 13,622. 
beavering directors who wish the tune being any hope of part of an article in -foe Lord In the High Court, 92,064 
to start their daily tail at a reducing the crown courts' Chancellor's Department proceeedings were started in 
slightly earlier hour. It is backlog of cases. journal. Your Court. the Queen’s Bench Division, 

expected to cost £7.50 with an There is still an average Die article points out that compared with 84,103 in 
additional service charge. waiting time of eleven and a the South Eastern circuit 1984; and 13,807 in provincial 
Although tire foil English half weeks for defendants in serves a population of 17 district registries (12,936 in 
breakfast is still largely avail- custody and seventeen and a million and has nearly half the 1984). 
aide in most hotels which cater half weeks on bail, figures country's serious criminal The Lord Chancellor’s Dep- 
for businessmen, there appear released by the department cases in the crown court, a ailment said yesterday that 
to be surprisingly few London show; in London that rises to high proportion of the nine more judges were ap- 
restaurants which offer the nearly 16 weeks for defen- country’s civil litigation and, pointed to the South Eastern 
eariy morning farifily. dants in custody and nearly 26 “unhappily, the largest bade- circuit last year; another 20 

One of them is foe Cafe St weeks for those on bafl. logs of work”. had been appointed this year. 

Pierre Brasserie in The problem has been com- It has also faced the prob- At the same time, the 
Clerkenwen Green, south pounded by a shortage of lem faced. by all government computerization programme 
London, which opens its doors courtrooms, judges and staff departments of attracting staff is under way with Staines 
at 7 .30am and charges £230. to run them and the South to posts in and around Lon- chosen for the first com- 
Ofocr t raditional b reakfast Eastern circuit is seeking don. the article says. • preKensive county court sys- 


By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The workload of the dvil on staff” and to start their own totalled 18,359, compared 
id criminal courts in London “self help” computerization with 15,462 in 1984. Commit- 
td foe South-east has risen schemes, such as those being tals for trial received in the 
’ nearly a fifth, the Lord carried out in Norwich and South-eastern area outside 
hancellor's Department Bow, east London. London rose from 12,584 to 

ys, and that has ended for The figures are released as 13,622. 

—^cld — 

Two share 
win of 

£ 12,000 

Mr Dorothy Haley, of Pin- 
ner, Middlesex, and Mrs 
S Hughes of Ruthin, North 
Wales, share yesterday's Port- 
foiio Gold prize, worth 
£12,000, as there were no 
winners last Friday or Sat- 
urday. Each will receive 
£ 6 , 000 . 

Mr Haley, aged 37, a free- 
lance statistical consultant, 
bad already calculated bis 
prospects for winning foe prize 
money, and was overjoyed, at 
the news that his numbers had 
come mi. 

Colleagues who had made 
fun of nis playing Portfolio 
now wished they bad bran 
doing so as wcU, he said. 

Mr Haley, who will spend 
some of the money on a new 
car. said that he will continue 
playing Portfolio, not only for 
another attempt at foe prize 
money but also because the 
game “adds spice to reading 
The Times". 

Readers who have difficulty 
obtaining a Portfolio Gold 
card should send a stamped 
addressed envelope to: 
Portfolio Gold, 

The Tunes, 

PO Box 40, 


BBl 6AJ. 

and criminal courts in Loudon 
and foe South-east has risen 
by nearly a fifth, the Lord 
Chancellor’s Department 
says, and that has ended for 
the time being any hope of 
reducing foe crown courts' 
backlog of cases. 

There is still an average 
waiting time of eleven and a 
half weeks for defendants in 
custody and seventeen and a 
half weeks on bail, figures 
released by the department 
show; in Loudon that rises to 
nearly 16 weeks for defen- 
dants in custody and nearly 26 
weeks for those on bafl. 

The problem has been com- 
pounded by a shortage of 
courtrooms, judges and staff 
to run them and the South 
Eastern circuit is seeking 

venues fedode branches of j authority fra building 12 extra 
Justin de Mat in Dukel temporary courts in the Lon- 

Street and Soane Street, cen- 
tral London, prices £230 and 
£3*40 respect i vely, and the 
Cafe Defence? hi Defancey 
r Street, north-west London. 
Full breakfast there costs 

But perhaps foe most re- 
nowned is n handsome Vk> 
torian public house on 
Charterhouse Streep the City, 
foe Fox and Anchor, which 
has been serving the whole 
starting assortment at bacon, 

*88$, sassages ■»&- 

rooms for as long as most 
people can remember. 

Opening at 6am, its man- 
ager, Mr Seamas O’Connell, 
serves Guinness ia addition to 
foe c ust o ma ry breakfast bev- 
erages, courtesy of a special 
licensing arrangement, mak- 
ing it a. particular favourite 
with foe meat traders from 
Southfield market. 

For those of foe vegetarian 
persuasion. Cranks, the health 
food chain, offers, among 
other breakfast items, millet 
and fruit porridge and muesli 
with honey or mo l asses at 
three of its four London res- 
taurants, both priced £1.25. 

don area. 

Courts are also being urged 
to make maximum use of 
computers “to ease tile burden 

port of an article in . the Lord 
Chancellor's Department 
journal. Your Com. 

Die article points out that 
foe South Eastern circuit 
serves a population of 17 
million and has nearly half the 
country's serious criminal 
cases in the crown court, a 
high proportion of the 
country’s civil litigation and, 
“unhappily, the largest back- 
logs of work” 

It has also feced foe prob- 
lem feced. by all government 
departments of attracting staff 
to posts in and around Lon- 
don. the article says. • 

The circuit employs about 
3^00 staff and has foe largest 
circuit budget, £66 million a 

Committals for trial re- 
ceived in London last year 

with 15,462 in 1984. Commit- 
tals for trial received in the 
South-eastern area outside 
London rose from 12,584 to 

In the High Court, 92,064 
proceeedings were started in 
the Queen's Bench Division, 
compared with 84, 1 03 in 
1984; and 13,807 in provincial 
district registries (12,936 in 

The Lord Chancellor’s Dep- 
artment said yesterday that 
nine more judges were ap- 
pointed to the South Eastern 
circuit last year; another 20 
had been appointed this year. 

At the same time, the 
computerization programme 
is under way with Staines 
chosen for the first com- 
prehensive county court sys- 
tem, and Inner London 
Sessions fra the comprehen- 
sive crown court system. 

Computers are also in use in 
tiie Royal Courts of Justice in 
foe Strand. 

Name ban 

By Onr Legal 
Affairs Correspondent 

The practice of prohibiting 
publication of details of court 
cases involving child abuse or 
even murder is leading to 
anonymity for adult defen- 
dants, regional newspaper edi 
tors said yesterday. 

The Guild of British News- 
paper Editors said that such 
orders have been made where 
a child has been murdered by 
a parent or other relative. 

“The result has been that 
either the adult cannot be 
named, or the relationship 
between foe defendant and 
victim must be concealed.” 

The guild said it is difficult * '"" v ‘ 

to see bow justice is served by Fv.nnllPPifian 
such orders. “Either the defen- pUlILvIllall 

dam must be accorded the inilAfl 
artificial privilege of anonym- 83 JdllCU 
ity, or the press are forced to George Hardy, a former 
censor from their reports of Manchester policeman and 
foe court proceedings any now an alcoholic with more 




Mr Haley: calculated win. 

Sharp rise Quarter of Scottish 
in London freed lifers detentions 
sex crimes reoffend are trebled 

matters — no matter how 
centra] to foe proceedings — 
which could hint at foe 
relationship involved.” 

Orders prohibiting publica- 
tion. under Section 39 of foe 

than 70 convictions for petty 
crime, was jailed for 28 days 
yesterday by Horsefeny Road 
Magistrates' Court, London. 

Hardy, aged 53, of Need- 
ham Avenue. Stratford, Man- 


4 , 

giSS. . "prl§ 

i wJm £‘ m-w. 


■Sex offences, st re et crimes 
and bmgiariesm London have 
increased in the first six 
months of this year compared 
with the corresponding period 
last year, according to the 
latest Metropolitan Police fig- 
ures (A Staff Reporter writes). 

The biggest increase has 
been in the number of 
muggings, from 4,118 to 
4,693, dosdy followed by the 
rise in sex offences, which 
indude rape, indecent assault, 
and unlawful sexual inter- 
course with under-age gals, 
buggery, bigamy and gross 
indecency with children. 

Earlier this year Sir 
Kenneth Newman, the Metro- 
politan Police Commissionei; 
told the Government that he 
needed an extra 3,800 police 
officers to keep London 
“comparatively safe”. He was 
allocated 1,200 officers to be 
phased in over the next four 

Half-yearly figures for the 
capital show that sex offences 
have risen from 1,709 to 1,865 
and Scotland Yard records a 
rise of 24,172 in serious 
offences reported to foe police. 

Assaults are up by 7 percent 
from 9,547 to 10,235 and 
burglaries show a rise of 2 per 
cent from 78^62 to 79,990: 

More than a quarter of 
prisoners released on fife B- 
cemce in 1974-79 were con- 
victed within five years of 
further offences, according to 
Home Office statistics yes- 
terday (Onr Hone Affairs 
Conrspaadeat writes). 

Most so released had orig- 
inally been convicted of mur- 
der or mansbu^h ter. 

In 1974-84, a total of 807 
people were released for the 
first time on fife licence. Abort 
80 per cent of them had been 
jaded for murder, 10 par cat 

By the end of 1984, 158 of 
them had been reconvicted, 25 
for a grave offence. 

About 40 per cent of those 
reconvicted had stolen or han- 
dled stolen goods and 20 per 
cot had committed crimes of 

Of foe 807 released, 116 had 
been recalled and 9 given a 
farther life sentence. 

The statistical bulletin says, 
however, that the recravriction 
rates for those released from 
fife sentences are much lower 
than the average for aO those 
released from castody. 

Home Office Statistical Bulletin: 
Reeorrviaions and Recalls of 
Life Licensees (Statistical Dep- 
artment, Home Office, Lunar 
House, Croydon, Surrey, CRO 
9 YD; £2_50). 

protecting children from any 
ill effects of being identified. 

The guild said that editors 
have reported cases where 
“this purpose dearly win not 
be achieved,” and where the 
object of magistrates, "ap- 
pears to have been to provide 
anonymity for an adult defen- 
dant rather than a child”. 

Similar orders have been 
made in cases of baby-baiter- 
ing by a parent or near 
relative, whidi results in edi- 
tors being prevented from 
identifying adult defendants, 
“notwithstanding that foe 
child concerned is of such a 
tender age (fra example three 
weeks) that it is difficult to see 
how identification wiQ have a 
prejudicial effect on the 

The guild has lodged a 
formal protest from Mr David 
end of 1981 and foe end of j Newell its parliamentary and 
1983 foe number of people j legal secretary, to the Justices' 

Clerks’ Society, the chief legal 
advisers to magistrates. 

Mr Newell urged the soci- 
ety to draw its members' 
attention to the “undes- 
irability” of making such or- 
ders where, “dearly no 
appropriate or lawful 
’protection* can be extended 
to the child”. 

He said that in a case of 
child abuse, public interest 
may best be served Ity foe 
defendant's identity and rela- 
tionship being folly reported. 

Children and Young -Persons Chester, had admitted dam- 
Act, 1933, are aimed at aging two windows at the Bible 

The number of people de- 
tained by police in Scotland 
trebled in two years after the 
introduction of new powers to 
bold people without chaining 
them, according to a report 
published by the Scottish Of- 
fice yesterday. 

The report concluded that, 
although there were wide vari- 
ations in foe way different 
forces applied their powers, 
they were not misusing them. 

The paper covers the first 
three years of foe six-hour 
detention law, part of the far- 
reaching Criminal Justice 
(Scotland) Act, 1980, and 
represents the first research 
into foe effectiveness of one 
aspect of the Act 
It shows that between the 

detained for up to six horns 
under the law increased from 

The number of people 
attending police stations vol- 
untarily; or “helping the police 
with their inquiries” in- 
creased from 8,184 to 33,1 17. 

The Council for Civil Lib- 
erties in Scotland said yes- 
terday that it agreed with the 
broad findings ofthe study but _ _ 
still objected to foe idea of I ma 
police detention. Half of those l del 
detained were charged. ( tioi 

Drugs father wins 
battle to keep son 

A father with a history of would be better with his 
taking hard drugs has won bis father, who had a history of 

Married sex proving a 
disaster for thousands 

A final 

round of the Formula 3000 artiste, Ibr the finalists in this year’s Miss Pears contest, 
championship, had to be which tekespfece at the Savoy Hotel central London, today, 
abandoned at foe half-way They are (from left): Hanife Erisen, of Romford, Essex, 
stage when several racing cars Lynsey Si vies, of Chatham, Kent, both aged three; Rebecca 
crashed during torrential rain. Evans, aged five, of Wrexham; Hannah Phillips, of Quom, 
But Mr John Chariton, Leicestershire, Hayley Clinton, of HnflL both aged three; 
chairman of the city’s road and Kirsty Knight, aged five, of Dreghorn, near Irvine, 
racecommittee, saklihe event Strathclyde. 

yesterday from Mr Stephen Way, the hair 
ualists in this year’s Miss Pears c on test, i 

which takes place at the Savoy ] 
They are (from left): Hanife 

chairman of the rity’s road 

racecommittee, saidihe event 

was “a remarkable achieve- 
ment” and that they were 

He described police es- 
timates that only 20,000 spec- 
tators attended on the second 
day as “ludicrously low". 

Figures showed that 26,000 
people bought tickets for prac- 
tice sessions on Sunday and ! 
that 55,000 tickets were sold 
for the main event os Mon- 
day. Mr Chariton said a 
farther 19,000 local residents 
and people working within the 
enclosed areas watched the 

He said foe city faced a 
£400,000 deficit on its invest- 
ment in foe event, but that 
had been expected. The Bill 
that bad been necessary to 
allow Birmingham to close 
public roads for foe raring 
allowed for a five-year period 
to recover costs. 

fight to bring up his young 

Two judges in foe Court of 
Appeal yesterday rejected an 
appeal , by the boy’s schizo- 
phrenic mother against a Hig h 
Court ruling giving care and 
control ofherson to his father. 

Lord Justice Balcombe said 
it was a question of deriding 
whether the boy. aged six. 

taking drugs, his mother, or 
his grandparents. 

With foe support of social 
workers. Deputy Judge Roger 
Gray. QC derided in July he 
would be better with his 

They could find nothing 
wrong with the delicate “bal- 
ancing act” he had to carry 

■ Sex is proving to be a couples, once they marry, start 
“disaster area” for thousands taking each other for granted.” 
of married couples, according • Mother-father figures, 
to the National Marriage “Others slip into a kind of 
Guidance Council. Atony coo- relationship where one of 
fries live in secret divorce, them assumes the role of 
married but never, or hardly parent. The woman mothers 
ever, sleeping together, ft foe man or the man becomes 

Round the world on Concorde for £10,000 

By Tradi McIntosh 

A romd-foe-worid holiday 
trip by Concorde fra travellers 
with at least £10,000 to spend 
will be available this winter. 
The “ultimate winter ad vei»- 

ture cocooned in taxmy” as it 

The Concorde spectacular, 
foe first of four planned, is 
contained in KnoaTs 1987 
holiday and winter son 

Britain's biggest tour op- 
erators expect to sell a record 

fe VETSmSTV 1 foe 1.5 ntiffion hofoby packag* 

W winters destinations this 

don on February 2u and re t u rn 
on March 8L 

Its eastern route win take in 
Cairo, Delhi Singapore, Bafi, 
Sydney, FE Hawaii, Las 
Vegas and Nassau. 

Later holidays mD take foe 
more mwsnal westbound rente 
of New Orleans, Saa Fran- 
cisco, Hooohdn, Shanghai 
Peking, Bangkok, Singapore 
■mi foe Maldives. 


The rash for whiter holiday 
bookings, up by 30 to 60 per 
cent compared with last year, 
has already started a price 

Horizon Travel the third 
biggest operator, is offering 
reductions of up to £71 oa 
some of its skfing holiday 

Horizon is also offering an 

extra 20,000 w int er ran holi- 
days to rope with an overall 
increase in bookings, which 
are Hp by 35 per cent compared 
with the same period last year. 

Mr David Cockerton, foe 
company’s managing director, 
said yesterday that the on- 
going price war would inten- 
sify only if Thomson and 
Intasun also introduced price 
cuts oa their skiing holidays. 

More people than ever be- 
fore are deriding to escape 
Britain's winter, according to 
Thomson Travel, Britain's 
biggest tour operator, which 
expects to have a 45 pa cent 
share of winter holidays this 

Thomson, which has al- 

ready reduced some of hs 
strong holiday packages to 
Italy by £33, claimed its skung 
holidays wen significantly 
cheaper than Horizon’s. 

“Bat, if we fed our share is 
under threat, we will reduce 
prices farther. At tills stage, 
we believe ora prices are very 
competitive,” Mr Nigel 
Carpenter, marketing man- 
ager, said. 

Intasun said that it would 
not be redariag prices on 
skiing holidays at this stage. 

Because of a record demand 
by foe over-SOs for kn«r 
winter breaks, Intasun is offer- 
ing 80,000 packages this year 
in southern Spate, starting 
from £49 fra one week’s half 
board at a Costa Btanca resort. 


Mis Zekia West-Meads, 
spokeswoman for the council 
which deals with 42,000 cases 
a year, says that while people 
complain about immorality 
and sex before marriage, many 
find there is not much sex 

In a council bulletin, re- 
leased today, she says: “There 
are thousands of couples for 
whom sex after marriage is 
either infrequent, non-existent 
or a disaster area. 

“They go from wanting to 
make Jove every day. to only 
once a week, to once a month 
or even less. And they cannot 
work out what is wrong.” 

One marriage in three 
ended in divorce; but that was 
just “foe tip of the iceberg” 
because ofthe numbers living 
in secret divorce: 

Sexual problems are usually 
symptoms of relationship 
difficulties. Mrs West-Meads 
says some of the most com- 
mon contributory causes are: 

• Over-familiarity. “So many 

the father figure. The result is 
they both feel unsexy about 
each other.” 

• Forbidden fruit syndrome. 
“When it is not allowed ft is 
more attractive, but it loses 
foe desirability when it be- 
comes legaL” 

• Sex to make babies. “For 
many women, particularly, 
sex is unconsciously asso- 
ciated with having babies. It is 
a m a tt e r of procreation not 

• Too-tired mother. “A tot of 
women go off lovemaking 
after having a baby because 
they are too tired. It can then 
become a habit that is bard to 

• Workaholic husband. “Men 
can become more devoted to 
their work than their wives.” 

• Boring routine. “Leaving 
lovemaking to foe end of the 
day, in the same place and foe 
same way. is the final kiss of 
death, because then you are 
too tired or too bored to enjoy 
each other fully.” 

Reading Fellowship in Eliza- 
beth Street, Westminster, in 

Peak climbed 
in wheelchair 

Ian Thompson, aged 22, 
who is disabled, yesterday 
completed the first climb in a 
wheelchair of England's high- 
est mountain, Scafell Pike, 
3,210ft, in the Lake District.. 
Die feat took him three days. 

Mr Thompson, from HnJL 
propelled himself in a spe- 
cially designed wheelchair 
made by GEC apprentices in 
Rugby. Some of the appren- 
tices accompanied him. 

Staff paid to 
stop smoking 

Birmingham council is to 
run five-week courses for 
employees wanting to give np 
smoking as part of a campaign 
to turn the dty into a no- 
smoking area. 

Costs of each weekly session 
wiU be shared, one hour being 
in the council's time and foe 
other the employee's. 

Affray charge 

Six people appeared in court at 
Highbury Comer, London, 
yesterday charged with of- 
fences arising from the 
Notting Hill carmvaL Fora 
youths, one a juvenile, were 
charged with affray. A teen- 
ager was accused of attempted 
robbery and a youth charged 
with ma hocus wounding. 

They were all remanded on 
bail until September 9. 

Stamp duty 

New push-button stamp 
vending machines are to be 
i nstalled at most main post 
offices in Britain. The Post 
Office said yesterday that foe 
machines would be open for 
business 24 hours a toy and 
customers could save 2p on a 
£1 book of first class stamps. 

A 50p book will also be 

Fine weather 

Ronald Jordan, aged 44, of 50 
Sqnires Lane, Finchley, north 
London, was fined £25 with 
£10 costs at Bow Street 
Magistrates' Court yesterday 
after admitting obstructing foe 
highway at Leicester Square 
on August 24 while selling 

Geldof inquiry 

Police were yesterday in- 
vestigating a complaint by a 
man who alleges he was 
stamped on and beaten by 
hired “heavies” at Bob 
Geldof s wedding blessing, at 
Faversham, Kent, at the 
weekend. • 























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Successful Peres visit to West Africa 

Cameroon and Israel 
renew diplomatic ties 



Yaounde (Renter) - Israel 
and Cameroon restored rela- 
tions yesterday after a 13-year 
official silence. 

“The two sides decided to 
renew diplomatic relations,** 
Mr David Kimche, the direc- 
tor-general of the Israeli For- 
eign Ministry, said after a joint 
news conference in the 

1 3-year silence 

with Israel in -1973 had a 
"time limit”. 

He praised Israel's return of 
the Sinai to Egypt under the 
twins of their peace agree- 
ment, and said die interests of 
die Cameroonian stale had to 
he considered. 

Israeli radio said the two 
leaders, in a joint statement. 

n . . , . ui a iiiiiiL Mucuinn, 

Cameroonian capital given by 1 denounced apartheid in South 
of the two Africa and expressed -concern 

the leaders 

. He said Israel placed great 
importance on the restoring of 
diplomatic . relations with 
Cameroon, one. of 29. African 
countries that • severed ties 
during the 1973 Middle East 

Before the announcement, 
Mr Shimon Feres, the Israeli 
Prime Minister, told reporters 
travelling with him on his 
twchday visit to the West 
African state that President 
Biya of Cameroon bad said 
that leaders of several other 
African countries were 
ready to renew relations with 
Israel. . 

Cameroon is the fourth 
West African country to re- 
establish ties with Israel 
following Zaire, Liberia and 
the Ivory Coast. 

Mr Biya. said during tjie 
visit that Cameroon's break- 
ing of diplomatic relations 

The Palestine liberation Or- 
ganization has denounced 

Cameroon's detisfou . to wel- 
come Mr Peres as aB the more 
regrettable “because the rea- 
sons which led African natio n s 
to break relations- with Israel 
are still fa force, namely the 
occupation of Palestinian 
Arab territory ..." (Reuter 

reports from Tunis). 

about events there. They also 
called fora MiddfoEast pwny 
solution based on United 
Nations' Resolutions 242 and 
338, which are not accepted fey 
Israel's Arab antagonists. - 

Mr Kimche said the two 
leaders reached agreements on 
defence, agriculture, trade and 
industry, tourism, construc- 
tion and communications. 

Informal relations between 
the two countries have existed . 
since 1981. They intensified 

wben Mr Biya, a Romas 
Catholic, took over from the 
former President. Mr 
Amhadou Ahidjo, a Muslim. 
. in 1982. 

Mr Feres said on Monday 
that Israel had trained some 
-units of the Cameroo nian 
Array and had supplied it with 
military equipment. 

In Jerusalem. Israeli of- 
ficials said military personnel 
from Israel bad been secretly 
helping Cameroon rebuild its 
security forces since Mr Biya 
pulldown a coup attempt m 

“Israeli military personnel 
are at present in Cameroon 
and involved m training and 
aiming its security forces," an 
official said. 

He denied, however, any 
suggestion that Israel had a 
band m suppressing the coup. 

Otiter Israeli sources said 
President Mai of Kenya bad 
rejected tentative Israeli ap- 
proaches about a . possible 
meeting with Mr Peres on his 
trip home. 

. Mr Peres is the first Israeli 
head of state to visit West 
Africa in 20 years. 

His visit was overshadowed 
by a volcanic gas eruption in 
north-west Cameroon, in 
which at least 1,200 people 

Syria fears Gadafli might 
provoke another US raid 

The combined “Sea Winds" 
manoeuvres of the Egyptian 
Navy and a US naval battle 
group in the Mediterranean 
brought a noisy, if typical, 
appeal .from Libya . to the 
Egyptian people yesterday to 
overthrow President Mub- 
arak's Government 
Churning that the joint ex- 
ercises were “shameful ack- 
nowledgement . . . that the 
traitors and mercenaries of the 
ruling regime in Egypt have 
placed Egyptian soil and terri- 
torial waters under the ene- 
mies of this proud people” 
the official news agency, Jana, 
demanded that Egyptians 
should “wage a revolution 
a g ai n st this puppet regime". 
The statement followed three 
meetings between Presklent 
Assad of Syria and Colonel 
Gadaffi of Libya in Benghazi, 1 
during which both insisted 
that any future US attack on 
Libya would also be regarded 
as an attack on Syria. 

From Robert Fisk, Bahrain 
Mr Assad has now returned to 
- Damascus, where the Syrian 
news agency said he had also 
held discussions in Libya with 
leaders of the pro-Syrian fac- 
tion of the PTLO. Both the 
Libyans and the Syrians an- 
nounced that they gave their 
support to Colonel Abu 
Moussa's Palestinian guerrilla 

Such token political 
pressions, however, are 
likely to conceal President 
Assad's real concern: that 
Colonel Gadaffi may be 
throwing away all discretion 
and provoking another US air 
raidon Libya. 

The Syrians, who are far more 
worried about the broadening 
conffict in the Gulf than about 
America’s naval manoeuvres 
with the Egyptians, want to 
make sire that neither Libya 
nor America embroils the area 
in a new conflict when tfiejr 
led that attention in feet 
should be concentrated on the 

region of the Gulf and its long- 
standing conflict. 

Further American reports t hat 
the Pentagon Iras p lans for 
possible air raids against 
Libya, on a scale greater than 
that employed in April this 
year, when US jets bombed 
Tripoli and Benghazi, have 
been read with deep concern 
in Damascus, 
ex- . The Egyptian Air Force is also 
un- involved in the “Sea Winds" 
manoeuvres. The operations 
will combine 70 American 
aircraft from the carrier 
Forrestal with Soviet-made 
MiGs, Chinese-manufactured 
F7s and French Mirages flown 
by Egyptian pilots. 

In the days of President Sadat 
such exercises were conducted 
with .maximum pubfioty. To- 
day, when Mr Mubarak does 
not wish to emphasize such 
co-operation, both, the Egyp*. 
bans . and tire Americans are 
maintaining an almost total 
silence oh the manoeuvres. 

Mr Stanley Hmridiseii, aged 52, with 
his wife, Renate, and their babies, 
South Africa’s first test-tnbe qua- 
druplets. Mr Hlnrichsen was murdered 
by intruders at his luxury home in Cape 
Town on Monday night (AP reports). 

Mrs Hinrichsen, aged 33, was 
stabbed bat was reported to be recover- 
ing in hospitaL One of the quadruplets. 

born in May, died last month. The other 
three were not hurt in the attack. 

Four men and two women at the 
Crossroads squatter camp were ar- 
rested yesterday in connection with the 
killing. Police said the Hinrichsens' car 
was found at the camp, and that one of 
the women arrested had worked as a 
servant for the family. 

stops lorry 

Johannesburg (Reuter) — 
Soate Africa said yesterday 
that it was halting from today, 
border searches of traffic 
carrying exports from Zim- 
babwe and Zandria. 

Zimbabwe's national news 
agency, Ztana, reported earlier 
that South Africa had stepped 
ap tee border searches, caus- 
ing delays of at least 30 hoars 
per truck. 

Customs officers began 

Non-Aligned deliberations begin 

Apartheid at top 
of draft agenda 

From Jan Harare 

The eighth conference of tee it calls on the United Na- 

Sikhs held 

of general 

Delhi — India's Central 
Bureau of Investigation (CBI) 
has detained two Sikhs from 
Goa. two from Pune, and two 
from Nagpur in connection 
with the assassination in Pune 
on August 10 of General Aron 
Vaidya. the former Chief of 
Army Staff (Kuldip Nayar 

CBI sources say that the 
assassination was carried out 
by a gang led by Harjinder 
Singh, also know as Jinda, a 
terrorist leader who escaped 
from jail in Ahmedabad. 

A man thought to be a 
leading terrorist, Sukh winder 
Singh, aged 27, has meanwhile 
been arrested at a resort in 
Panjim with a British passport 
issued in Birmingham to Shiv 
Kumar Trikha. 

Speaking with a British 
accent, he claims to have only 
broken Hindi and Punjabi and 
rays he was brought up in 
Britain from the age of four. 
Interpol will be asked to look 
into his antecedents. 

18 die as Sri Lankan 
peace talks continue 

Colombo (Reuter) — At 
least 18 people have been 
killed in separatist violence in 
Sri Lanka, as peace talks 
continued between the Gov- 
ernment and Tamil mod- 
erates. security officials and 
residents said yesterday. 

Officials said seven guerril- 
las were killed when a security 
patrol fired at rebels attempt- 
ing to set off bombs in the 
Northern Province. Two sol- 
diers were also killed. - 
Four rebels were killed in a 
gun battle following a land- 
mine explosion in Batticaloa 
district and five others were 
lulled by security forces in 
other eastern areas, the 
Information Department said. 

- The deaths were reported as 
talks continued between the 
moderate Tamil United Lit* 
eration Front (Tuli) ami the 
Government of President 
Jayewaftlene on a plan to end 
the conflict between the Tamil 
minority and majority Sin- 

The Tuff Secretaiy43eneral, 
Mr Appapillai Amirth- 

Chirac fury at French 
fire-fighting system 

Paris — In an unexpected 
visit to fire-devastated areas of 
the south of France yesterday, 
M Jacques Chirac, the Prime 
Minister, roundly condemned 
France's fire-fighting system 
as “totally deficient”, and 
promised new measures to 
help prevent future forest fires 
(Diana Geddes writes). 

M Chirac singled ont for 
particular criticism the system 
of communications used. 

“It is altogether paradoxical 
that a country which has 
developed the Rita commu- 
nications system, which has 
been adopted by the American 
Array, should have no more 
than a couple of pieces of 
string fin- ensuring its own 
communications in tackling 
. fires," he said. 

Four people have died and 
35 have been badly injured in 
horrendous fires which have 
devastated more than 21,000 
acres of brush and woodland 
and destroyed several villages 
along the Cdte d'Azur over the 
past few days. 

All were reported to have 
been brought under control 
yesterday. Rain is now fore- 
cast for the area. - - 

alingam*. said be asked Mr 
Jayewardene yesterday to stop 
Army shelling in Jafma town, 
a Tamil stronghold, hot the 
President replied that the 
Army nos only reacting to 
rebel mo rtar fire. 

At least five civilians were 
killed and 18 wounded on 
Sunday in an exchange of 
mortar rounds between the 
guerrillas and Army garrisons 
in Jaffita fort and other camps 
in the area. 

A military spokesman said 
Jaflua r was quiet yesterday. 
"There have been no attacks 
at the fort in the past few 
hours, but we are on alert 
expecting the rebels to regroup 
and launch fresh raids.” 

The Government has said 
guerrillas have attacked the 
Jaffna camps to disrupt the 

In Batticaloa, Citizens' 
Committee officials said nine 
civilians were after 

they were arrested by security 

They were among a group 
attending a funeral who were 
confronted by security forces 
after the landmine explosion; 
which occurred in the same 
area, a committee spokesman 

Mr Donald Mendis, the 
Batticaloa security forces co- 
ordinator, said police 
commandos arrested several 
people. “Those missing could 
well be among them." 

exports from Zambia and 
Zimbabwe teat cross Soate 
Africa three weeks ago. Bote 
Mack-ruled states are at tee 
forefront of a campaign for 
economic sanctions against 
Pretoria because of Its apart- 
heid policy. . ■ 

The searches were widely 
interpreted as part of an 
economic war of nerves over 
the sanctions issue, but the 
South African Government 
said they were imposed to 
compile a statistical picture of 
trade with tee two countries. 

-The Foreign Minister, Mir 
R. F. “Pik” Botha, said in a 
parliamentary reply yesterday 
that Pretoria had from time to 
time held discussions with 
Zimbabwe cm the effect sanc- 
tions would have on Sente 
Africa’s neighbours. 

South African freight agents 
at the border town of Medina 
said there were no long queues 
at the inspection point. 

The Zfena report came as 
senior officials of tee 101- 
nation Non-Aligned Move- 
ment . met in Zhnhabwe’s 
capital, Harare, to prepare for 
the organization's eighth 
mit next week. 

Non-Aligned . Movement 
opened here yesterday, with 
senior officials meeting to 
prepare the agenda. 

Mr Natarajam Krishnan, 
the Indian chairman of the 
preliminary meeting, de- 
scribed the mood as “positive, 
constructive and outward- 

The officials wifl recom- 
mend an agenda and political 
and economic declarations to 
be studied tomorrow by for- 
eign ministers of the 101 
member states and by their 
leaders next Monday. 

The pre liminar y meeting 
was to have been a closed 
session, but journalists saw 
the proceedings for the first 
hour on closed-circuit tele- 

The Iranian delegate, the 
first to take the floor in the 
gaudy . Yugoslav-built con- 
ference hall, sought an amend- 
ment to the draft declaration 
to include “non-aggression” 
as a means of resolving inter- 
national disputes. He did not 
directly refer to his country’s 
war with Iraq. 

Official information has 
been hard to come by, but a 
copy of the draft political and 
economic declarations has 
found its way to the press. 

Nearly a quarter of the 92- 
page political document is 
devoted to condemnation of 
South Africa, its apartheid 
system, its "destabilization" 
of black-ruled neighbours and 
its occupation, of Namibia. 

tions to implement com- 
. prehensive and mandatory 
economic sanctions against 
South Africa. It attacks Britain 
and the United States for 
blocking the sanctions vote 
through their veto in the 
Security Councfl. 

In the document, the US 
stands condemned for its mili- 
tary involvement chiefly in 
Nicaragua and Angola, and its 
support for Israel and South 

It calls fora political settle- 
mem in Afghanistan, based on 
a troop witbdrawaL The So- 
viet forces are not specified. 

"Profound regret” is ex- 
pressed over the Gulf War. 
The movement is urged to 
exert every effort to end it 
Nuclear disarmament is ad- 
dressed at length. US and 
Soviet leaders axe urged to 
come to a “speedy agreement" 
to end the arms race. 

The draft denounces inter- 
national terrorism and calls 
on members to refrain from 
taking part in terrorist attacks 
on other countries. However, 
it endorses the “legitimate 
struggle" of guerrilla groups 
fighting “colonial and racist 

Security at the conference 
appears strict 
Armed guards patrol at all 
levels inside the building and 
outside, and delegates' accom- 
modation has been declared 
strictly out of bounds to press 
and public. 

The bnsiness case, page 12 

fear hits 

From Roger Boyes 

Poland has lost some £4 
million in tourist revenue since 
the Chernobyl nod ear dis- 
aster, it was officially an- 
nounced yesterday. 

Mr Jerzy Urban, tee Gov- 
ernment spokesman, said teat 
about 40,000 trips were can- 
celled v in May and June, 
though he emphasized that 
tourism was picking up again. 
Accusing the Western me- 
dia of blowing out of all 
proportion the “alleged health 
hazards of coming to eastern 
Europe", Mr Urban said some 
tourists had merely postponed 
their visit to Poland and the 
final losses could be smaller 
by the end of the year. 

About 7,000 West Germans 
had cancelled their planned 
holidays in Poland, as had 
some 3,000 Americans. 

Hungary has suffered simi- 
lar losses to its tourist trade 
from the West, although it 
managed to make up some of 
the shortfall with a huge influx 
of visitors to watch the first 
Formula One Grand Prix to be 
held in Budapest. 

A Hungarian official said: 
"The- situation is comparable 
to England, where American 
cancellations because of fears 
of terrorist attack were bal- 
anced out by a huge interest in 
the wedding of Prince 

Poland has not benefited 
from any particular tourist 

However, the question of 
Soviet compensation for Cher- 
nobyl appears to have been 
dropped from the agenda. It 
certainly was not discussed 
during a round of Polisb- 
Soriet economic talks in Mos- 
cow and Warsaw this week. 

Chernobyl compensation 
seems to have come in the form 
of a Soviet commitment to 
buying 400 tonnes of Polish 
beef, with the real prospect of 
buying np to another 12,000 
tonnes, at current Western 

Moscow is a big beef im- 
porter and will buy corres- 
pondingly less beef on 
Western markets. It aims to 
make up for the meat and 
other food products that Po- 
land could not sell to the West 
following the European 
Community ban on imports 
after Chernobyl. Poland es- 
timates that it lost between 
$35 and $50 million as a result 
of the food ban. - 
Poland’s nuclear prog- 
ramme is proceeding accord- 
ing to plan, Mr Urimn said, 
denying at tee same time that 
there was any intention of 
building a hnge reactor in the 
Kampinos forest outside War- 
saw. The phut until the year 
2,000 is to complete work on a 
reactor on the Baltic coast and 
build three other plants. 

Violence mars Bangladesh polling 

From Ahmed Fad 

Gunmen weming badges of 
the ruling Jatiyo Party threw 
out opposition supporters and 
took over polling stations in 
Dhaka as violence yesterday 
marred by-elections to fill 
eight seats in the 330-member 
Bangladesh Parliament, ac^ 
cording to polling officials. 

Firecracker explosions kept 

voters away from several poll- 
ing stations in the capital's 
Western constituency, which 
was being fought by the In- 
terior Minister, retired Major 
General Mahmudul Hasan. 

As police stood watching, 
lorryloads of thugs entered 
voting centres. 

About 600 people were 
arrested on Monday night 
raising to more than 2,500 the 

number detained in the past 
week, opposition sources said. 

Sheikh Hasina Wazed, lead- 
er of the Awami League, said 
that she and her sister could 
not vote in city polling centres 
because they found that their 
ballots had already been cast 

Troops were called out io 
Gopalganj, in southern Bang- 
ladesh, Sheikh Hasiua's home 

Spanish atom 
power plant 
closed down 

Madrid — Spain's Nuclear 
Safety Council (GSN) has 
ordered the closure of the 
Asco II nuclear power station 
until the cause of frequent 
malfunctions of safety valves 
is known, according to reports 
published here yesterday 
(Harry Debelius writes). 

The Asco II reactor, near 
the east coast city of Tarra- 
gona, has been troubled by a 
series of breakdowns of auto- 
matic elements, particularly 
valves in the steam generator 
system, since it began operat- 
ing last October. 

Officials of Fecsa, the com- 
pany that operates the station, 
said there bad been no escape 
of radioactivity, and the Min- 
istry of Industry and Energy 
reassured Spaniards that the 
malfunctions had not en- 
dangered neighbouring popu- 
lated areas. 

A Fecsa spokesman referred 
to the malfunctions as “teeth- 
ing problems" and main- 
tained that the numerous 
shut-downs were for precau- 
tionary, not emergency, 

Among those- called in to 
investigate the recurring mal- 
functions are two CSN inspec- 
tors and a technician from the 
American company that in- 
stalled the valves. 




Madrid — Civil Guard 
policemen in the Spanish 
Basque country escaped seri- 
ous injury in terrorist bomb 
attempts for the second day in 
succession yesterday (Harry 
Debelius writes). 

The latest incident occurred 
□ear Sun Sebastian, when a 
shrapnel-packed bomb went 
off as a convoy of three Ci\ il 
Guard Land-Rovers passed by 
on a lonely country road. 

The terrorists mistimed the 
explosion, however, appar- 
ently touching the remote 
control button a split second 
after the convoy had passed 
the ambush point. 

The only damages reported 
were shrapnel holes in one or 
more vehicles. 

Seven die on. ; : 
motorway * 

Casena (Reuter) — Seven 
people, five of them from the 
same family, were killed on 
the Naples to Rome motor- 
way in a three-vehicle 

Police said the victims were 
all travelling in a mini-van on 
the north-bound section of the 
motorway when a lorry on the 
opposite carriageway crashed 
through the central barrier. 

Going home : 

Peking (AP) - The Sowct 
First Deputy Premier. Mr 
Ivan Arkhipov, left for home 
after staying in China for more 
than a month to undergo 
medical treatment. 

PoWs to go 

Tehran (Reuter) — Iran 
plans to repatriate 100 dis- 
abled Iraqi prisoners of war 
next mouth, concurrent with 
the sixth anniversary of the 
outbreak of the Gulf War, 
according to the Islamic 
Republic newspaper. 

Law revoked 

Brussels (Reuter) - Greece 
has revoked a new import law 
it introduced to try to save 
hard currency, after the Euro- 
pean Community said it broke 
free trade rules. 

Miners’ threat 

La Paz (Reuter) - Some 
5.000 miners, marching to- 
wards the Bolivian capital to 
protest against the possible 
privatization of government 
an mines, plan to stage a mass 
hunger strike on their arrival 
here at the weekend. 

Record haul 

I^gos (AP) — Nigerian of- 
ficials claim to have con- 
fiscated a record £9 million 
worth of hard drugs at Lagos 
international airport since 
January this year. 

Third death 

Huntsville (Reuter) — Ches- 
ter Lee Wicker, aged 37. who 
killed a young woman by 
burying her alive on a beach, 
has been executed by lethal 
injection, the third death row 
inmate put to death in Texas 
during the past week. 

Mother’s love 

Moscow (AP) — A 34-year- 
old mother was killed shield- 
ing her two sons from debris 
when the roof of a rural village 
cafe collapsed on them during 
a storm, the newspaper 
Soviet skat'd Rossiya reported. 

Fare swindle 

Hong Kong (Reuter) — 
Ninety bus drivers and 
conductors in the south China 
city of Canton have been 
dismissed for pocketing fares. 

Fatal card 

Bangkok (Reuter) — Seven 
people including a pregnant 
woman were shot dead when a 
quarrel erupted while ihev 
were playing cards at a house 
in central Thailand. 

Fowl deed 

Lima (Reuter) — Left-wing 
guerrillas hijacked a truck 
containing 1,000 frozen chick- 
ens and drove it to a shanty- 
town north of the Peruvian 
capital, where they distributed 
the food to the inhabitants. 

More rivers of blood ahead in Africa’s forgotten war 

Roberto Radtke, a 19-year- 
old German, accused of | 
starting one of the fires! 

From Michael Hornsby 

On August 26, 1966, South 
African helicopters spotted a 
guerrilla f raming camp in tee 
dry and dusty Namibian bush, 
and in the ensuing dash two of 
the guerrillas died and 27 were 

captured. So began one of the 
world’s fongest-numing and 
least reported conflicts. 

It was tee first recorded 
encounter between Smith AS - . 
rican forces and unite of tee 
People’s Liberation Army of 
Namibia (Plan), tee armed 
wing of the South West Africa 
People's Organization 
(Swapo), which has been fight- 
ing for 20 years to rid Namibia 
of South African rule. 

During that period, 10,150 
Plan guerrillas have been 
lolled, against a loss of about 
600 men oo the South African 
side, according to South Af- 
rican military headquarters in 

Pretoria. In addition, some 
1,300 Chilians have died, 
accordu^ to official figures. 

A German protectorate from 
1884 anti) 1915, when it was 
occupied- by South Africa at 
the behest of the Allied powers 
during the First World War, 
Namibia (then called South- 
West Africa) became a man- 
dated territory of the Leagne 
of Nations in 1920 and was put 
under South African 
administration. - 

After tee Second World 
War, South Africa was asked 
to place Namibia under the 
trusteeship of the United Na- 
tions, tee successor to- tee 

so^Unfike tee old 
mandate, trusteeship explic- 
itly envisaged progress tor 
wards self-government. 

Protracted litigation ensued. 
In Joly .1966, the International 
Com ofJustke at The Hague, 
dismissed, on largely technical 

grands, a claim by Ethiopia 
and Liberia, bote former mem- 
bers of the League of Nations, 
that South Africa had violated 
its mandate in Namibia by 
mtroduring apartheid. 

Angered by tee court's ver- 
dict, Swapo, which had been 
formed some years earlier as 
the Ovambo People's 
Organization, issued a famous 
declaration in Dar es Salaam- 
"We have no alternative but to 
rise in arms and bring about 
our own liberation. The su- 
preme test must be faced and , 
we must at once begin to cross 
the many rivers of blood ou our 
march to freedom.*' 

In October 1966, tee Gen-, 
eral Assembly of tee United 
Nations passed. a resolution 
te rminating (he mandate ami 
making Namibia its direct 
responsibility, and in 1971 , 
the International Court finally 
issued an advisory opinion 

supporting the UN'S position. 

Fifteen years on, after many 
more UN resolutions ami the 
failure of countless peace ini- 
tiatives, Pretoria remains in 
physical control. Many more 
rivers of blood, it seems, will 
have to be crossed before 
independence is likely to be 

The most important move 
by the United Nations came in 
September 1978 when the 
Security' Council passed 
Resolution 435 calling for a 
ceasefire in Namibia, mon- 
itored by' a UN peace-keeping 
force, to be followed by elec- 
tions and independence. 

Since 1982 Pretoria has said 
that it is prepared to im- 
plement Resolution 435 pro- 
vided that 30,000 Caban 
troops based in Angola, 
Namibia's northern neighbour 
and Swapo’s external sanc- 
tuary since Angola gained 

independence from Portugal in 
1975, are removed. 

In March of this year. 
President Botha proposed Au- 
gust 1 as the starting date for 
putting Resolution 435 into 
effect "provided a firm and 
satisfactory agreement could 
be reached before that date on 
the withdrawal of Cubans 
from Angola". 

Although some progress has 
been made in three-sided dis- 
cussions between South Af- 
rica, Angola and the United 
States on a - timetable for 
Cuban withdrawal, agreement 
is still fin* oft and August 1 
became just another missed 

Namibia enjoys a measure 
of autonomy under a South 
African-sponsored multi-ra- 
cial “government of national 
unity" which was inaugurated 
on June 17 of last year. Like a 
similar experiment in Pre- 

toria-style “self-rule" between 
1978 and 1983, it has not 
attracted much popular 

Swapo's military success 
has not been notable, but the 
war, concentrated in the fiat, 
bushy, densely-populated ar- 
eas of Ovambo and Kavango 
along Namibia's northern bor- 
der with Angola, ties down an 
estimated 50,000 troops. 

Fighting usually takes place 
during the rainy season, be- 
tween December and April, 
when water is plentiful and 
vegetation cover thicker, and 
muddy roads and cloudy 
weather hamper the South 
African war machine, while 
giving the guerrillas an edge. 

Some 318,260 square utiles 
in extent, much of it desert, 
Namibia has a population of 
only some 1,051,700, of whom 
hair are Ovambos, the base of 
Swapo's support. 

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Personal Productivity Centre. 

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Cautious SDP leader seeks to satisfy party critics 

Rau promises to get rid of US 
missiles and nuclear energy 

Herr Johannes Rau, the 
Social Democratic Party 
(SPD) candidate for Chan- 
cellor in the West German 
acral election in January, in 
lie most detailed statement of 
bis policies so far, promised 
yesterday that as 'Chancellor 

From Frank Jpftnsoa, Bonn 

Behind the platform, for the 
sake of the television cameras, 
is a huge slogan reading: M We 
Social Democrats. With Joha- 
nnes Ra u, a secure and social 
future for all." 

yesieraay usai as chancellor ■ N 9 t Social Democrats > Germany’s most important issues 

he would: seek the removal of m feet with hun. Many ally - neither of which is of battle 
US missiles from his country, suspect him of not bong 
* * - enthusiastic enough about get- 

end the agreement with the . ^ . , 

US over the Strategic Defence nd of American missiles 
Initative (SDI) and phase ont 5^. ending nuclear eneigy, 
nuclear energy. Thor voices are expected to 

Herr Rau was addressing beheard in a debate on energy 
the party conference at today and on defence tom- 
Nuremburg. He spoke for 90: onow --. 

Herr Rau’s speech yesterday 
non tong enough -about four appeared on thefeceSHtto go 

a Jong way to satisfy-tfaem. But 
be linked his demand for the 
removal of the American 
cruise and Pershing m i ss il es to 
a demand for the reduction of 
Soviet SS20 missQes in East- 
ern Europe. 

the onp would be dependent, investment in, alternative en- 
on the other, or what he meant ergy sources, and . more use of 

by “reduction" of SS20&. He 6081 ^ ene *® r " 

also reaffirmed the Spa's 

committment to Nalo and to Herr Rau sounded most 
the United States as West confident on home economic 
Germany’s most important issues. “We will make the 

against unemployment 
our most important task,” he 
said. In a reference to the 

much interest to an increasing 
number in the SPD. 

minutes — to satisfy the party 
managers. They .are hoping 
that the entire conference wifi 
be a demonstration to the 
country of the qualities of 
Heir Rau, who has bad diffi- 
culty SO .fer in making an 
impression on the couatry as a 

He left it undear whether 

There is no doubt, however, 
that he meant precisely what 
he said about getting out of 
West German participation in 
SDI research. 

Such a withdrawal has the 
support oftbe whole party and 
arouses hate dispute in the 
moderate centre of West Ger- 
man politics. 

On nuclear power, Herr 
Rau was again cautious. He 
devoted a lot of his speech to 
the issue, but his policy 
amounted to a cautious prom- 
ise of more rtsearch into, and 

claim that there is simply no 
majority for the SPD in the 
country, he said: “A majority 
exists for a determined fight 
against unemployment and 
for the environmental renewal 
of our economy. This is the 
majority we must fight for." ' 
His policy on unem " 
ment included shorter 
mg hours, using revenue from 
a tax levy on higher earners to 
subsidize jobs ior the young, 
and a I0*year plan of public 
investment in improving the 
environment . 

Leading article,- page 13 

Golf states meet 

concern over 
widening of war 

j - From Robert Fisk, Bahrain 

l Foreign and oil ministers. of since I ranian retaliation wh 1 ^ 

. Arab. Gulf states gathered in 
' Saadi Arabia last night to 
discuss how they could best 
withstand Iranian threats and 
'prevent a further widening of 
the Gulf War. 

• Their meeting, in tbe Saadi 
town of Aliha, took place amid 
growing Arab fears that Iraq 
might stage another long- 
range air raid on Iran's oB 
terminal af Sirri Island or eves 
against the newest Iranian oil 
loading facility at lank 
Island. ' ■ • . . ~ 

Repeated Iranian assertions 
that a new offensive is about to 
bftbmncbed against Iraq have 
injected a sense of urgency Into 
what would otherwise be a 
routine meeting of Gulf Co- 
operation Council Ministers 
from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, 

Qatar, Bahrain, the United 
Arab Emirates and Oman. 

They are expected to pro- 
dace a set of proposals tor 
ending the six-year-old war 
which would be put before the 
Non-Aligned summit In 
Harare next week, even 
though Ayatollah Kbomeni 
has said that only the over- 
throw of President Saddam 
Hussein of Iraq could bring 
about a cessation of hostilities. 

Arab leaders in the Gulf are 
almost as anxious to presort 
further Iraqi attacks on Sirri 
as are the Iranians; the Gnlf 
states fear any escalation In 
the war, by whichever side. 

always he directed 

Iranian warnings that Arab 
Golf states could Be harmed if 
they co-operated by refneUmg 
Iraqi aircraft os long-range 
missions have been taken very 
seriously by the GCC. 

Iraq's latest raiwfmjfew *g~ 
ainst Iran's ofl exports contin- 
ued yesterday when a military 
spokesman is Baghdad an- 
nounced that Iraqi -jets had 
raided pmnping stations attwo 
. oilfields in the fibnristan prov- 
ince of Iran. 

Only a few hours earlier it 
had become known 
Bahraini tug-boat, the Aim 
Adfi, had been sunk by 
Iraqi missile 70-miles south of 
the Iranian Khars. Island oil 
terminal with tire loss of four 
of its crew. 

The Goman captain and 
two Filipino deckhands sur- 
vived tiie gttarfc, which may 
have been directed at a supers 
tanker called the Mistra. 

With bis arm m a sling, Mr 
Juan Simoy, one of tbe two 
Filipino survivors, has de- 
scribed from his hospital bed 
in Bahrain how his fbur col- 
leagnes died trapped beneath 
the decks as the tug-beat sank. 

“I was sleeping m my cabin 
because I was AT duty,** he 

“I did not hear anything -, 
the next thing K knew the cabin 
was full of smoke.” 

Bonn influx growing 

Bonn — As the West Ger- 
man Cabinet met last night on 
the issue of asylum seekers, 
the Interior Ministry issued 
the : latest figures on the mainly 
Third. Wond citizens entering 
the country (Frank Johnson 

The figure for the first three 
weeks oT August was 9,241, 

almost the same as that for the 
wbole of July (9,710). 

Chancellor Kohl will report 
on the Cabinet meeting at a 
press conference today. His 
Government is expected to 
discuss the issue further at a 
meeting next month with the 
Lander (regional) govern- 




(left) holding an umbrella summit with 
President Mitterrand of France as he 
welcomes him at Frankfurt airport. 

They then repaired to a secret venue 
for their talks yesterday, called at short 
notice by M Mitterrand (AP reports 
from Frankfurt). 

. Officials refused to discuss the venue 

or the agenda, other than to say that the 
meeting was In south-west Germany 
and that journalists would be briefed 
later in Frankfort. 

The two leaders hold regular formal 
consultations and private meetings, 
underlining the close ties which exist 
between France and West Germany. 

to burning 
of couple 

From Lake Sagans 

A Chilean military pros- 
ecutor has ordered the arrest 
and detention of three key- 
witnesses in the case of .the 
burning of Senor Rodrigo 
Rojas and Senorita Carmen 
Quintana during protests 
against the military Govern- 
ment last mouth. 

Senor Rojas, a US resident, 
died from his injuries and 
Senorita Quintana is still 
fightiug for her life. 

The prosecutor ordered die 
arrests of Senorita Quintana's 
sister, Emilia, and her hus- 
band. saying it was to ensure 
their appearance when cited. 
The couple has already tes- 
tified voluntarily three times. 

Their detentions Followed 
Friday’s arrest of another Lev 
witness. Senor Pedro Marti- 
nez. whose lawyers south! 
urgent medical attention tor 
him after he appeared in the 
military court that afternoon 
in what one magazine called a 
“deplorable state”. 

Also on Friday, a fourth 
witness, Seiior Jorge San- 
bueza, was kidnapped and 
questioned for several hours. 

Lawyers and relatives- say 
the incidents are attempts to 
make witnesses change their 
testimonies that a military 
patrol deliberately set fire to 
the two. 

China ‘largest supplier 
of weapons to Iran 9 

From Michael Binyon, Washington ' 

China has become the Iarg- Winston Lord, the US Ambas- 
of weapons to sador in Pelting. 


US officials say. During 


the past six months it has 
delivered at least $300 million 
(plOO million) worth of mis- 
siles and other military 

The Reagan Administration 
is deeply concerned about this 
development, which it be- 
lieves may decisively upset 
the balance in the Gulf War. 
Washington has been trying to 
persuade other governments 
not to give any arms to Iran, 
which it constantly accuses of 
intransigence and refusing to 
agree to a negotiated settle- 
mem with Iraq. 

The Chinese are also re- 
ported to be preparing deliv- 
ery of heavy tanks, a Chinese 
version of the MiG21 fighter 
and rocket launchers. The 
Washington Post ' said yes- 
terday. However, Peking. has 
denied any such arms sales, 
despite representations by Mr 

China has informally told 
US officials that any arms it 
gives to Iran are justified 
because Tehran is using the 
weapons to aid the anti-Soviet j 
guerrillas in Afghanistan. 
Washington does net accept 
this argument because of the | 
type of heavy weaponry 

The six-year Gulf War win 
be among the topics discussed 
here today between senior US 
and Soviet officials, who are 
meeting to make preparations 
for the possible US-Soviet 
summit this year. 

Mn Michael Aramacost, 
Under-Secretary of State for 
Political Affairs, is meeting 
Mr Anatoly Adanuschin, a 
senior -Soviet Foreign Min- 
istry official, to discuss re- 
gional issues, including the 
Middle East, Southern Africa 
and Central America. 

Briton in 
court over 
‘coca tea 9 

New York (Reuter) — A 
British computer engineer 
charged with possession of a 
controlled substance --coca 
leaves, from which cocaine is 
made — thought he was taking 
Peruvian tea home, a court 
was told yesterday. 

Mr Ashwani KorpaL aged 
27, of Manchester, was ar- 
rested at Kennedy Airport on 
Sunday when he arrived on a 
flight from Peru, with the 
intention of continuing to 

According to the authori- 
ties, he declared on an im- 
migration form that he was 
curving plant material, which 
he further described as tea 
leaves. Asked what kind of 
tea. he said coca tea, the court 
was told. 

Under New York law, the 
possession of untreated coca 
leaves carries a mandatory 
prison term of at least three 

In an unusual move, how- 
ever, the prosecutor joined Mr 
Korpal's defence m asking 
that lie be freed without ban 
pending action by a grand 
jury, which' will deride 
whether he should be pros- 
ecuted and, if sot, on what 

‘helped In 
Iraq raid 9 

Tehran (Renter) — Mr Jon 
Pattis, an American detained 
fin more than a month cm 
espionage charges, provided 
information to help an Iraqi 
attack on an Iranian tele- 
communications centre, ac- 
cording to Tehran Radio. 

It said yesterday that the 
Information Minister, Mr 
Muhammad Muhammadi 
Reyshahri, said that Mr Pattis, 
aged 49, had used an Italian 
passport to work in Iran's 
main satellite ground station 
at Assadabad and had been in 
contact with the CIA. 

“The evidence shows that 
he had a hand in relaying 
information to Iraq via flu 
CIA for bombarding Assad- 
abad installations,” Mr Rey- 
shahri said. 

Iraqi jets attacked Assad- 
abad m June and July, killing 
two workers and disrupting 
telephone and telex links. 

Mr Reyshahri said that Mr 
Pattis bad riven the CIA 
reports on the importance of 
Assadabad for Iran's commu- 
nications and the problems of 
oil production in Iran. 

Mr Pattis’s sister, Ellen, said 
in Aiken, South Carolina that 
he had spent most of his adult 
life working in Iran. 

NowWveTied The Knot 
W?’re AnnoimcingThe Marriage. 

\bu know how one thing leads to another: exhibitions to be held at (he Bank itsel£ 

No sooner had we made our initial advances to the And to coincide .with this first production, the Bank 

Engjish National Opera, than they started talking seriously are organising an exhibition of posters, costumes and 
about marriage. photos designed to provide an intriguing glimpse into 

Naturally we were, taken aback. Its quite a commit- the history of the opera and a behind-the-scenes story of 
■ ment in this day and age. The courtship had been so brie£ (he company's performance. 

But were not afraid of responsibility - and so its with 
great pleasure that we formally announce the engagement 
/ All through the Autumn, the Allied Arab Bank will be 
sponsoring The Marriage of Figaro at the London 

It will be (he first in a programme of sponsorship 
• (hat wil cover several operas and a series of related 

The exhibition opens on August 28th in the entrance 
hall of the Allied Arab Bank opposite Cannon Street lube 
Station. Admission is free. 

. Hopefully this will help to keep the two companies 
at the forefront of their respective fields. 

After all we both share a successful history of hitting 
the high notes. 


F - 


O v £.ivacA5 INJbWa/LA W 

jiUb i lMfcS WtUNtSDAY AUCiUSi'27 1986 
























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Singapore share prices dip as judge passes sentence 

Malaysian politician 
jailed for two years 
over company collapse 

Singapore (Reuter) — Tan 
Koon Swan, the head of the 
Malaysian Chinese Associ- 
ation (MCA), which makes up 
a huge part of the country’s 
- ruling National Front co- 
alition, was jailed yesterday 
for two years over the collapse 
of Pan-Electric Industries, a 
leading Singapore company. 

Share prices in Singapore 
dipped on news of the sen- 
tence, and brokers Mamed the 
selling on fears of possible 
political repercussions. 

Mr Tan appeared shocked 
by the sentence and rushed 
into the arms of Miss Penny 
Chang, his constant compan- 
ion, as party supporters and 
journalists crowded around 
them in the courtroom. 

His lawyer said a fresh 
appeal would be lodged in the 
Court of Criminal Appeal. 

Mr Tan, who pleaded guilty 
on Monday to abetting a 
criminal breach of trust, was 
also fined about £166.000. 

His immediate - appeal 
against the sentence was re- 
jected by the High Court, but a 
lower court later acquitted and 
discharged him on 14 other 
counts relating to the collapse 
of Pan-Electric Industries. 

Mr Tan had a substantial 
holding in the marine and 
industrial company that went 
into receivership in Novem- 
ber, owing about £122 million. 
He was arrested in Singapore 
in January and bad been free 
on bail of £12.7 milli on. 

Mr Justice Lai Kew Chai 
said in passing sentence: 
“Public interest plainly re- 
quires that the accused should 
receive punishment which not 
only befits the crime but 
which should act as a deter- 
rent to other persons who may 
be similarly disposed. 

“The offence . . . struck at 
the very heart of the integrity, 
reputation and confidence of 
Singapore as a commercial 
city and financial centre.” 

The prosecution told the 
High Court that Mr Tan used 
a series of complicated share 
deals to gain control of Pan- 
Electric and artificially raise 
its share prices. 

He started his working life 
by selling pork dumplings. 
Ambition, hard work and a 
willingness to take risks even- 
tually paid off and he became 
one of Malaysia's richest men. 
His rags-to-riches story took 
him to Parliament, and in 
November 198S propelled 
him into the highest financial 
and political circles as head of 
the MCA. 

The eldest of seven chil- 
dren, Mr Tan sold dumplings 
with his lather before becom- 
ing a clerk at the electricity 
board. He then moved to 
Malaysia's taxation office be- 
fore becoming a tax adviser to 
the Esso oil company. Hefater 
helped to establish a gambling 
casino overlooking Kuala 

In 1975 he took control of 

Supreme Corporation, an in- 
active mining company, and 
through shrewd stock market 
deals made it a leading 

After studying at the Har- 
vard Business School in the 
US he returned to continue 
building his business empire, 
drawing into his network 
more Malaysian companies, a 
Singapore hold and then Pan- 
Eleclnc Industries, 

Some share buying was 
funded by forward contracts 
but demands on Mr Tan’s 
time were mounting and it 
became increasingly difficult 
to keep track of commitments, 
his lawyer said. 

Then came a political crisis 
within the MCA as factions 
fought each other for control. 
Mr Tan emerged as its leader. 

His lawyer told the court: 
“The crisis had enormous 
ramifications on the political 
stability of Malaysia and this 
forced the accused to spend 
bis entire time in efforts to 
resolve this crisis.” 

The scramble to find money 
at the last minute led him to 
abet a criminal breach of trust 
by a Pan-Electric director who 
misused money entrusted to 
him by shareholders. 

The solution created an- 
other web of future contracts 
that went sour as share prices 
declined, leading to panic 
among stockbrokers and a 
three-day closure of the stock 

US envoy seeks to 
soothe Australian 



From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

Mr Tan leaving the Singapore High Coon with Miss 

ioo, after being jailed for Ids part in the collapse of ! 

his constant compan- 
Electric Indnstries. 1 


Chun shuffles Cabinet 
after opposition attack 

Seoul (Reuter) — President 
Chun Doo Hwan of South 
Korea reshuffled his Cabinet 
yesterday, following oppo- 
sition demands that all min- 
isters should resign for what 
were called misrule and lack of 

He retained the Prime Min- 
ister, Mr Lho Shin Yong and 
the Deputy Premier, Mr Kim 
Mahn Je, the country’s chief 
economic planner, but re- 
placed 10 ministers in the 22- 
member Cabinet. 

A presidential spokesman 
said the move would help 
bring about an “historical 
turning-point” in the 
country’s political develop- 
ment and improve the 
management of stale affairs. 

The Ambassador to the 
United Nations, Mr Choi 
Kwang Soo, replaced Mr Lee 
Won Kyung as Foreign Min- 
ister and the former Finance 
Minister, Mr Rha Woong Bae, 
chief policy-maker of Mr 
Chun's ruling Democratic Jus- 

tice Party, succeeded Mr Kum 
Jin Ho as Trade Minister. 

The main opposition New 
Korea Democratic Party has 
accused the Government of 
giving in to US trade pressure, 
which it says has kindled 
strong anti-American feelings 
among South Koreans. 

Other important changes 
included the replacement of 
the Interior Minister and chief 
of the police force, Mr Chung 
Suk Mo with the former Vice- j 
Interior Minister, Mr Kim 
Chong Hoh. 

The Information Minister, 
Mr Lee Wong Hong was 
succeeded by Mr Lee Woong 
Hee, head of the private 
Munhwa Broadcasting 

The NKDP had earlier de- 
manded the dismisals of Mr 
Chung and Mr Lee Wong 
Hong following allegations 
that police hadtortured dis- 
sidents and that Mr Lee bad 
interfered with the freedom of 
the press. 

Getting a 
taste of 

Hong Knag (Reuter) — The 
world's leading chefs are here 
to taste the best of Chinese 
cookery and to deride whether 

it is Him nnn 1 snrklmg pig Of 

shark's fin soup which makes 
the cuisine so popular. 

Twenty-six members of Le 
Clnb des Chefs des Chefs, 
which brings together cooks 
for royalty, beads of state and 
billionaires, are in the colony 
to sample Chinese cuisine 
daring their annual reunion. 

The dub's membership in- 
cludes Henry Haller, chef de 
cuisine at the White House, 
Joel Normand, chief chef at 
the Elysee Palace, and Gra- 
ham Newboold, chef to the 
Prince of Wales. 

G files Bragard, the clnb 
secretary-general, denied that 
the reunion would simply be a 
gastronomic orgy. “Chinese 
cookery has a tong history. We 
can learn from it” be said. 

Ministers show their worth 

Japanese ministers had 
their assets announced on 
television news last night 

The veterans are used to 
this exposure, which comes 
with each new Cabinet, but for 
the neuroma? it can be a bit 
of a shock. 

This is dearly the way the 
Minister of International 
Trade and Industry, Mr 
Hajime Tamura, felt when he 
found that be topped the latest 
list with assets of 2.027 billion 
yen (£8.8 million). 

“If I'm top of the list it 
shows that there aren't many 
wealthy men in the Cabinet,” 
he said without conviction. 
His most valuable holding is 
his home on a 330 sq m site in 

From David Watts, Tokyo 
Tokyo, worth 1.2 billion yen 
(£5.2 million). 

The new Finance Minister, 
Mr Kiichi Miyazawa. also felt 
he had a bit of explaining to do 
when the media confronted 
him with assets of 1.048 - 
billion yen (£4.55 million). 
“Assets have to be disposable 
to be m eaning ful,” said the 
abashed man of means. “The 
big item is my home in 
Harajuku bnt 1 can't dispose 

What he did not mention, 
but the survey disclosed, is 
that he has another house in 
his constituency and villas in 
the mountain resort of 
Karuizawa and the hot-spring 
town of Alarm. 

The object of these discio- 

The strain in relations be- 
tween Australia and the 
United States was the subject 
of talks between' Mr Bob 
Hawke, the Prime Minister, 
and a Washington envoy yes- 
terday, after Mr Hawke had 
delivered his heaviest broad- 
side yet against US trade 

Mr Hawke’s meeting with 
Senator Richard Lugar, chair- 
man of the Senate foreign 
relations co m mittee, followed 
(he opening session in Cairns, 
Queensland, of a 14-nation 
conference of Fair Traders in 

In a studied intensification 
of bis critirism of US and EEC 
sobrieties, which are damaging 
foe represented nations, Mr 
Hawke told the conference 
that “it sticks in the millets” of 
Australians that they had 
twice fought in de f mrr of 
Europe and now found them- 
selves crushed In a trade war 
between old allies. 

US integrity had been a 
atty of the conflict, he 
said. Washington had com- 
promised its principles for 
short-term political gain in 
extending sales of subsidized 
wheat to the Soviet Union, one 
of Australia’s biggest markets. 

Senator Lugar is also here 
to d iscus s the Anzns defence 

alliance, which has been effec- 
tively reduced to a bilateral 
pact, with New Zealand 

He said his talks with Mr 

Hawke had been extensive and 
lively, and described the Prime 
Minister’s earlier renafos as 
emotional — as be, ton, had 
been when speaking to Ameri- 
can producers. 

There was w certainty that 
the subsidized US wheat safes 
would go ahead, he safiL 
Moscow was hr no hurry to 
clinch a deal. 

However, the damage to 
Australian formers Jus: al- 
ready been extensive. Agri- 
cnltural analysts here say that 
the wheat price has folktt from 
$130 (£86) to $102 a tonne, 
and will probably go down to 
$85 a tonne. 

That will mean losses, 
against last year’s price, of 
$Aus480 mflnon (£192 mo- 
tion) to around 55,000 local 
producers, in addition to gov- 
ernment costs of SAowOO 

The Australian remarks 
were echoed at foe conference 
yesterday by speakers from 
New Zealand, Argentina, Bra- 
zil, the Philippines ; and 

One objective of the con- 
ference is to forge a united 
approach to a new round of 
Gate talks next month. 

Mr John Kerin, Canberra’s 
Primary Industry: Minister, 
said US and EEC policies 
woe fostering instability in 
frinedly nations. Other min- 
isters spoke of the Gaft talks 
as befog “perhaps the last 
chance” to find a solution. 

sures is to ensure tha t min- 
isters do not enrich them- 
selves inordinately while in 
office. Mr Yasuhiro Naka- 
sone, the Prime Minister, does 
not seem to be doing so: since 
his assets were last disdosed 
late last year l he has bought 
some 2% million yen worth oF | 
national bonds for total de- 
clared assets of about 550 
million yen (£2.4 million). 

But, like all such exercises, 
the survey shows only part of 
the picture. Ministers do not 
have to disdose their holdings 
in companies or relatives' 

It works both ways: more 
than one Hifnistw had to 
admit shamefacedly that his 
liabilities exceeded his assets. 

China coal export drive 

P eking — China hopes to 
boost its coal exports to 
Europe during its current five- 
year development plan (1986- 
i 990), officials of foe National 
Coal Import and . Export 
Corporation - said yesterday 
(Robert Grieves writes). 

In the first seven months of 
this year China exported 5.7 
million tons of coal, and 
should boost that level to 10 
million tons by foe end of the 
year. • 

The mam importers of Chi- 
nese coal include Japan, 

North Korea, France, Bel- 

gium, The Netherlands, much 
of South-East Asia and Hong 

Mr Huang Shaochen, a 
manager of foe National Coal 
Import and Export Corpora- 
tion, told the China Daily 
that because many nations 
would no longer be importing 
coal from South Africa, China 
could boost its coal exports. 

He said that China would 
like to see its exports rise to 30 
million tons by 1990. Coal 
exports to Europe, which now 
constitute 10 per cent of 
China's total coal exports, 
could rise “by a big margin’’. 

Aquino launches appeal to foreign investors 

Singapore (Reuter) — Presi- 
dent Aquino said here yes- 
terday that the Philippines 
had greater financial leeway to 
stimulate its economy and was 
on the road to recovery. 

In a speech to business 
leaders after she arrived in 
Singapore from Jakarta; Mrs 
Aquino said: “We look for- 
ward to relief this year from 
the negative GNP growth 
rates ofj984 and 1985. 

“The greater fiscal and 
monetary leeway that we shall 

enjoy allows my Government 
to construct rural public works 
which will assist agriculture 
and stimulate the economy at 
its grassroots,” she said. 

The Philippine President 
said negotiations with com- 
mercial banks to lighten foe 
country's debt burden would 
begin next month. 

She invited Singapore 
businessmen to take advan- 
tage of investment opportu- 
nities in foe Philippines, 
particularly in foe privatiza- 

tion of government-owned 
and controlled corporations. 

Filipino officials ac- 
companying Mrs Aquino de- 
scribed her luncheon speech to 
the Singapore Federation of 
Chambers of Commerce and' 
Industry as a- major policy 

Mr Lim Kee Ming, Presi- 
dent of foe federation, assured 
Mrs Aqnino of its support and 
said a high-level trade mission 
would visit Manila soon. 

After her luncheon speech. 

Mrs Aquino hdd talks with 
Mr Lee Kuan Yew t the 
Singaporean Prime Minister. 

After a day of detailed talks 
between foe two Presidents, 
Indonesia and foe Philippines 
crowned Mrs Aquino’s visit 
by signing two memoranda 
designed to boost bilateral 
trade and promote co-opera- 
tion in search and rescue 

• MANILA: Mrs Aquino will 
meet the Muslim secessionist 
leader, Nur Misuari, in foe 

southern Philippines next 
wedc as a prelude to peace 
talks on foe long rebellion on 
Mindanao island^ her brother- 
in-law, Mr Agapito Aquino, 
said yesterday. 

Mr Aqnino, who returned 
from S a u di Arabia on Mon- 
day night after talks with Mr 
Misuari, said foe rebel leader, 
who heads foe main faction of 
the Mono National Liberation 
Front, was returning to the 
Philippines in response to an 
invitation from foie President 

Law Report August 27 1986 

Divorce costs too remote 

Pritchard v J. H. Cobden Ltd 
and Another 

Before Lord Justice O'Connor. 
Lord Justice Croom-Johnson 
and Sir Roger Ormrod 
[Judgment given July 30] 

Any alteration of the 
plaintiffs financial position as a 
result of divorce or breakdown 
of marriage should be wholly 
disregarded in assessing the sum 
recoverable from a defendant in 
an action Tor damages for per- 
sonal injuries, even if the di- 
vorce had resulted from the 
injuries caused to the plaintiff 
by the defendant’s negligence. 

The Court of Appeal so held, 
reducing by £53,000 the sum 
awarded by Mr Justice Swinton 
Thomas on September 26 1986, 
to the plaintiff Vivian John 
Pritchard suing by his guardian 
ad litem, Philip James Pritch- 
ard, in respect of personal 
injuries caused by the defen- 
dants, J. H. Cobden Ltd and 
Malcolm Cyril Parrott. 

Mr Piers Ashworth, QC and 
Mr Benjamin Browne for foe 
defendants: Mr William 
Crowtber. QC and Miss Rosa- 
lind Foster for the plaintiff 


a joint judgment, said that in 
June 1976 the plaintiff who was 
not quite 30 years old and was 
married with one child, sus- 
tained serious injuries in a 
motor collision with the 
defendant's vehicle. 

He had been employed by the 
Ministry of Defence but as a 
result of his injuries, including 
brain damage, he was' un- 

The case did not come on for 
Inal until September 1985 by 
which time much had hap- 
pened. In January 1977 his wife 
gave birth to twfns. In Decem- 
ber 1984 the decree nisi was 
pronounced on his wife's pe- 
tition for divorce. 

The plaintiff alleged that his 
marriage had broken down as a 
result of his injuries and claimed 
as a head of damage any extra 
expense he might incur as a 
result of the divorce. 

In order to accommodate foe 
unusual claim, the wife's claim 
for financial relief in the matri- 
monial proceedings was ordered 
to be heard by the same judge 
who heard the personal injury 

After awarding the plaintiff a 
sum of £381. 126 under the usual 
heads, the judge imposed a 
“dean break" order in foe 
matrimonial proceedings. 

The plaintiff was to move out 
of the matrimonial home into 

another house which bad been 
bought for him out of the 
interim payment made by the 

The judge then derided that 
as a result of the divorce the 
plaintiff had suffered da m a g e 
which he assessed at £53,000 
and he added t hat to the sum 
already awarded, making the 
defendants liable in the sum of 

The defendants challenged 
the assessment of damages un- 
der some of the usual heads and 
the whole of the assessment 
flowing from the divorce. 

Their Lordships considered 
and reduced the judge's award 
of damages under the heads of 
loss of earnings, pain, suffering 
and loss of amenity, and cost of 
care and attention. 

On behalf of the plaintiff it 
was submitted that once it was 
established that the divorce was 
proved to have been caused by 
the injuries and that it was a 
foreseeable consequence of 
them, the financial provision 
made for the wife and children 
were a loss to foe plaintiff for 
which the tortfeasor must re- 
imburse him. 

The defendants conceded that 
the injuries caused the divorce 
at least in part and that it was 
foreseeable as a possible con- 

However, foe defendants 
submitted that in matrimonial 
proceedings foe court had to 
exercise its discretion in ac- 
cordance with stipulated guide- 
lines and to redistribute foe 
finances and property of both 
spouses by making orders for 
financial provision and property 

years after the accident and a 
year after the divorce petition 
was filed. 

That would not always be so. 
If the Queen’s Bench action 
came on first the judge would 
find himself trying to foresee 
what a Family Division judge 
might deride several years later, 

He would require evidence of 
the finances of the other spouse, 
the relationship of the parties, 
an a s sessm e nt of their charac- 
ters and financial * needs, the 
chances that they might separate 
or divorce, and what those 
chances would have been even if 
there had been no injury to the 

If Family Division proceed- 
ings did come on some time 
later, all that evidence might 
turn out to be wrong or inappro- 

Owing to the special nature of 
the matrimonial proceedings, a 
head of damages based upon 
them was too remote. On the 
ground of policy, it was also 
undesirable to brihg into foe 

personal injury' litigation foe 
considerations which were rele- 
vant to matrimonial relief 
‘ Their Lordships had also read 
the judgment of Sir Roger 
Ormrod and agreed with ft. 

that in Jones v Jones ([1985] QB 
704) where damages were 
awarded for the financial loss 
sustained in the dissolution of a 
marriage, the defendants con-' 
ceded that such damages were 
recoverable, subject to the sub- 
mission that as a matter of 
public policy it should not be 
permitted because of the “flood- 
gates" argument 

The Court of Appeal rejected 
that argument It was dear that 
none of the arguments put 
forward by the present defen- 
dants were put in Jones v Jones. 

Therefore the court was not 
bound to bold as a matter of. 
principle that damages were 
recoverable under that head. 

Solicitors: C A. Norris, 
Ringwood; Trcthowans, Salis- 

The mechanism for valuation of 
a company members shares 

In re a Company (No 004377 
of 1986) 

Before Mr Justice Hoffmann 
[Judgment given July 29] 1 

Where a company’s articles 
provided a method for 
determining the fair value of a 
party’s shares, a member seek- 
ing to sell his shares upon a 
breakdown of relations should 
not ordinarily be entitled to 
complain of unfair-conduct if be 
had made no attempt to use the 
machinery there provided. 

In the normal case of a 
breakdown of a corporate quasi- 
partnership there should not 
ordinarily be any “legitimate 
expectation” that a member 
wishing to have his shares 
purchased should be entitled to 
have his shares valued by foe 
court rather than the auditors. 

Mr Justice Hoffmann so held 
in the Chancery Division on an 
application to strike out a 
petition for relief under section 
459 of foe Companies Act 1985. 

Mr Simon Mortimore for the 
respondents Mr Leslie G. 

Kosmin for the petitioner. 

said the petitioner's company, 
with its electronic engineering 
business, having gone into 
receivership, was taken over by 
a new company in which the 
petitioner held 39 shares and T, 
a business associate, and bur 
fiunily, 61. 

The petition alleged that foe 
understanding was that the pe- 
titioner would be the fall-time 
managing director, and T non- 
executive chairman and finan- 
cial director. The money to 
enable the new company to be 
acquired from the ‘receiver was 
provided byT or by companies 
be controlled. 

The petition said co n fl i cts 
arose almost from the start, 
because T interfered in -dayto- 
day managem ent. 

The articles provided pre- 
emption machinery in common 

form, but also provided that a 
member who had been- an 
employee or director foouki be 
bound to give a transfer notice 
in respect ofaD his shares within 
14 days of his rearing to be an 
employee or d ire c to r, for any 
reason including incapacity or 
breach of contract, but exclud- 
ing wrongful dismissal. The 
price, in default of agreement, 
was to be fixed by the auditin'. 

In 1983 the petitioner being 
in personal financial difficulties 
sold nine ofhis shares to Tor his 
associates, for £5,000 each, not 
under the artides but by directly 
negotiated sale. - 

The company did well in 
1984, bat its fortunes went 
sharply into i 

European Law Report 

Equal treatment for foreign companies 

Segers v Bestunr van de 
Bedrijfsverenigjng roor Bank 
- en Verzekeringswezeu, 
Groothandel en Vrlje 
Case 79/85 

Before K Balhmann, President 
of the Second Chamber and 
Due and T. F. 

muuiuai proviaua ana property T tlWo< ^ 


(Opinion given June 10) 

What was being redistributed 
was total and potential assets 
and it was submitted foal foe 
word “loss" was inepL 

It was common ground that 
damages for personal injuries 
recovered by "a spouse were 
included in the “pot" which was 
to be shared. It was submitted 
that to hand on to the tortfeasor 
foe liability for a lump sum 
which might itself have come 
out of the “pot" was only again 
to increase foe size of foe “pot”. 

Consequently it was submit- 
ted that the order of foe court 
was independent of any claim 
which the plaintiff might have 
for loss or damage directly 
attributable to his injuries. 

Thai submission was right 
and was supported also on foe 
ground of policy. The hearings 
in foe Queen's Bench Division 
and the Family Division 
proceedings were deliberately 
fixed to take place together nine 

[Judgment given July 10] 

To allow a member slate in 
which a company carried on its 
business to neat that company 
in a different manner solely 
because its registered office was 
situated in another member 
state would render article 58 of 
foe EEC Treaty nugatory. 

In April 1981 Slendcrose Ltd 
was formed in accordance with 
English law with its registered 
office in London. Mr Segers and 
bis wife each took up half of the 
shares of that company and Mr 
Segers was appointed its 

All the commercial activities 
of Slenderose were carried out 
by its subsidiary, Free Promo- 
tion International, which op- 
erated solely in The 
Netherlands. . 

In July 1981 Mr Segere ap- 
plied to the defendant (the 
board of the unde association 

for banking,- insurance, the 
wholesale trade and . the free 
professions) for sideness insur- 
ance benefits. That application 
was rejected on foe basis that he 
had not worked for Slenderose 
under a contract of 

An action against that de- 
cision having been dismissed by 
the court of first instance, Mr 
Segers appealed to foe Ceatrale 
Raad van Beroep (Court of Last 
Instance in Social Security Mat- 
ters! which referred foe matter 
to the Court of Justice of the 
European Communities for a 
preliminary ruling. 

In its judgment foe European 
Court of justice hdd: 

It was to be bo me in mind 
that article 52 of the EEC Treaty 
was one of foe fundamental 
provisions of the Community 
and that it had been directly 
applicable in the member states 
since the end of the transitional 

The present question arose 
out of a situation where the 
refusal to grant benefit was 
based not upon the nationality 
of the director but on the 
location of the registered office 
of the company which he 
managed. t 

However, in a c cordance with 
article 58 of foe Treaty, for 

companies formed in ac- 
cordance with the law of the 
member state whose registered 
office was within the Commu- 
nity, freedom of establishment 
included the right to exercise 
their activities in another mem- 
ber state through an agency, 
branch or subsidiary. 

In that regard, it was to be 
observed that a company 
formed in accordance with foe 
law of one member state and 
which carried out its activities - 
through an agency, branch or 
subsidiary in another member 
state could not be deprived of 
foe benefit of that rule. 

To allow the member state In 
which foe activities were carried 
out freely to apply to such a 
company different treatment by 
reason only of the feet that the 
registered office of a company 
was situated in another member 
state would deprive article 58 of 
any effect. 

It was common ground that 
the right to reimbursement of 

medical expenses was an in-, 
dividual one and not that of a ’ 
company. However the require- 
ment that a company formed in 
accordance with the law of 
another member state be treated 
in the same way as national 
companies implied the right of 
foe staff of that company rejoin 

In May 1985 foe petitioner 
wrote to The Times, complain- 
ing foar British high-technology 
industries did badly because 
they were run by a myopic setf- 
DerpetnatiiiK biased 
ment structure trained in 
accounting, law and classics 
rather than technology. - 
He was summarily d ismi ss ed 
some days taler, ■ foe reason for 
his dismissal -being given, in 
responce to a request, as “ir- 
reconcilable divergence of 
management philosophy”, and 
that “survival of the company 
dictated that you depart”. 

Proceedings before an indus- 
trial tribunal for unfair dis- 
missal were compromised by' 

- . . - . tndiiecuy re- the payment to foe petitioner of 

strict the freedom of companies £10,000, without admission of 
from another member state to 
establish themselves, through 
an agency, branch or subsidiary 
in the member state concerned. 

social security 

a particular 

with regard to social security 
protection would indirectly re- 

Although foe prevention of 
fraud might, in certain circum- 
stances, justify differential treat- 
ment, a refusal to grant sickness 
benefits to the director of a 
company formed in accordance 
with foe law of another member 
state did not constitute an 
appro priate measure in *f»* 

On those grounds, the court 
(Second Chamber) ruled: 

Artides 52 and 58 of foe EEC 
Treaty were to be interpreted as 
prohibiting the competent 
authorities of a member state 
from excluding foe director of a 
company from the benefit of a 
national scheme of sickness 
insurance payments solely on 
the ground that the company in 
question was formed in ac- 
cordance with the law of another 
member state, where it also had 
its registered office, even though 
it did not conduct any commer- 
cial activity there. 

liability in full settlement. 

In July 1985 he was removed 
as a director, and bad since been 
excluded from any role in the 
management of foe company. 

In March 1986 the company’s 
solicitors, drawing attention to 
the articles, alleged that even if 
he had- been wrongfiilly dis- 
missed, as be alleged, and 
therefore did not cease to bean 
employee as defined in the 
amdes, he had undoubtedly 
ceased to be a director, and an 
offer of £900 a foam was made 
to him. The offer was rejected 
and the petitioner denied that be 
was obliged to transfer his 

His Lordship said there was 
no allegation m the petition of 
any wrongful conduct by foe 
board or the majority sharehold- 
ers in foe running of foe 
company, there was no sugges- 
tion that they were paying 
themselves excessive salaries, 
(Everting business to other com- 
panies or doing any of the things 
frequently alleged as unfairly 
prejudicial conduct. 

U was. nevertheless alleged 

that he became a shareholder on 
the basis of a fcgjtinfiue expecta- 
tion of long-term participation 
in the management of the 
company. The fact ofhis being 
excluded was said to constitute 
conduct unfairly prejudicial to 
his interests. 

His Lordship disagreed, say- 
. ing that it seemed to him that 
the articles had made pro virion 
in advance for what was to. 
happen if there was a break- 
down in relations: the maj or i ty 
shareholders were to have a 
statutory power to remove a 
minority shareholder as a direc- 
tor, and thereafter were entitled 
to buy his shares ax a fair value. 

If there was a breakdown 
there was unlikely to be any 
doubt over who would have to' 
leave. The only real issue, was 
the price of the shares. 

His Lordship said the 
presentation of a petition was a 
powerful negotiating tactic: foe 
prapect of a lengthy contested 
petition, sometimes brought by 
a legally aided plaintiff was a 
strong inducement ' to the 
respondents to pay the pe- ■ 
uuonerthe price he ask ed. Legal 
costs were often crip pling . 

In those circumstances if the 

articles provided a method for 
determining a fair value for a 
party's shares a member seeking 
to sell them on a breakdown of 
rotations should not ordinuiW 
be entitled to complain of unfair 
conduct if be had made no 
attempt to use foe machinery 
provided by foe articles. 

. His Lordship was not speak* 
nig of cases where there had 
been bad faith or plain- 
im propriety. 

The auditors 
the function 

wo uld h ave to perform, the only 
difference being that the court’s " 
valuation took longer and was 
far more expensive. 

^ In the normal case of the 
breakdown of a corporate quari«‘ ■ 
partnership there should not 
ordinarily be any legitimate . 
expectation that a member 
wishing to have his shares 
purchased should be entitled to 
have them valued by the court 
rather than by foe auditors. 

His Lordship would therefore 
strike out the petition under ' 
section 459 and the alternative 
«aim for a winding-up: the 
petitioner was obliged to * ' 

shores to the other m em b er s," 
and it plainly conk! not be just 
1 unable 

s played precisely 
which foe court 

... i 



,! * c?, 

m ' - 

;•*>>. ( •• 
i 1 ?' ■■ 

\ * 

w * 

H . 

s • 

to wind-up/ foe; 

and eq 

Solicitors: Booth & Co 
Middletons, Leeds: Wdls 
Hind, Nottingham. 

CKBTOva MKnec 
if a g HooahUA: J 



I ' rr-W 

Lny A T 
UWrtt K 
C E 
C P 

r. A i uj. * 

J M cny; B J i S 

Morton: 1 B MatctaySM 
OB J C Moutt V A 

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Every measured breath you 

About 80,000 drivers 
failed breath tests 
last year. The crew 
of Tango 402 took 
William Greaves on 
on night patrol in 
Brighton to see how 
they handle drinkers 

Saturday night in Brighton, a gang 
of drunken youths marauding 
down the seafront, 200 deck-chairs 
ablaze on the beach. At 1 0pm 
police constables Glyn Vaughan 
and Roger Brown left their head- 
quarters in John Street and 
climbed into patrol car Tango 
Four-Zero-Two for the start of 
their eight-hour shift. The weather 
was warm and dry — tailor-made 
for summer madness. 

The two men have had-six years 
together as a team, and they knew 
exactly what to expect- The mob on 
the waterfront was not their pi- 
geon. The roads in and around 
Brighton were their stamping 
ground, and drunken drivers their 

“We just think of them as 
potential killers", said Brown. “By 
catching them before they catch 
someone else, we're doing every- 
one a favour." 

Tonight, however, the early 
batch of over-the-limit drivers got 
a reprieve. Britain's police forces 
cannot afford the manpower for 
single-purpose breath test patrols 
except at Christmas, and within 
two minutes one of the three radio 
sets mounted on the Ford 
Granada's technology-laden dash- 
board came urgently to life. "Tango 
402, Tavistock Down, some kind 


of a fight . . "OK, -we'll take a 

We took the first two sets of 
bollards and a mini-roundabout on 
the right crossed the traffic lights 
on red, and within moments pulled 
into Tavistock Down. Brown was 
out of the car before it had stopped 
rolling and Vaughan followed a 
second later. Both men put their 
hats on as they ran. 

Five minutes later Vaughan was 
back. “Domestic squabble", he 
said. "Roger will be here in a 
minute, he's just handing out some 
friendly advice.” 

But Brown was looking far from 
friendly when he returned- “Thir- 
teen-year-old girl with a 38-year- 
old man in there” he said "He’s 
lucky it wasn’t my daughter. I think 
we'd better go and have a word 
with her mother, see if she knows 
where her little girl spends her 

By the lime that mission was 
completed - "she was a pretty 
helpless sort well get a social 
worker round in the morning" — it 
was 11.30pm, the pubs had emp- 
tied and we pulled up against the 
right-hand kerb of busy Preston 
Road. Behind us was a row of 
parked cars and the gap in front 
was ideal for a quick getaway. The 
blue lamp on the roof was brightly 

reflected in a shop window. 

“We're not trying to be sneaky", 
said Brown. “and we don't hang 
around pub car parks because it's 
not our job todtarass people on an 
innocent night out We are pretty 
obvious here and if motorists see 
us and slow down, we've achieved 
our purpose. It’s the ones who race 
away from the lights and don't see 
us that we're after." 

. It was a stretch of road with a 

A quarter of a million 
motorists in England and Wales 
were subjected to roadside or 
hospital breath tests last year - 
the hi gh est figure ever — and 
aboot80,0<K) gave positive 
readings. But latest statistics 
suggest that a combination of 
publicity and police vigilance 
is getting the "don't drink and 
drive" message across: fewer 
than a third of all motorists 
asked to take the test in 1985 
proved to be over die limit, 
compared with more than half 
10 years ago. 

However, figures recently 
released by the Home Office 
reveal enormous regional 

30mph limit and the two police- 
men picked off the speeds of each 
vehicle with expert judgement 
“Forty ... 42 . . . he’s getting on 
for 50. When we go after them we 
don't usually find we're more than 
a couple of miles an hour out" 
Two motor cycles roared by, their 
exhausts crackling, and the Gra- 
nada pulled smoothly away, with- 
out the slightest glance passing 
between the two front seats. 

disparities in testing. By far the 
greatest number of tests last 
year were carried oat by the - 
Metropolitan Police (96 per 
day on average) and 
Nottinghamshire (70 per day); 
at the other end of the scale, the 
City of London Police 
conducted only two breath tests 
per day. But while 45 per cent 
of all tested drivers in the Met 
area gave positive readings, in 
Nottinghamshire more than nine 
tests out of 10 proved 
negative. According to the Royal 
Society for the Prevention of 
Accidents, two out of every three 
car drivers killed at night are 
over the limit. 

The year of the fedora 

As a chase it was a non-starter. 
Both bikes had pillion passengers 
and the quartet noticed nothing 
until the police car's lights brought 
them to the kerb three-quarters of a 
mile up the road. 

Breath tests on the drivers 
proved negative and they were told 
that they would be reported for 
exceeding the speed limit. As 
details were being taken, one of the 
passengers started hurting abuse. 
No-one took much notice and 
Brown said gently: "rd tell your 
friend to shut up if 1 were you, 1 
don't think he's on your side." 

Back in the car, a radio message 
requested help for another police 
car. At the rendezvous point, a 
burly policeman was standing with 
a rather sheepish-looking young 
motorcyclist. “I’ve not got a breath 
pack, can I borrow youre?” he said. 

The test was positive, the tell-tale 
light showing dearly in the dark- 
ness. Unpro testing, the rider got 
into the other car. “What was he 
doing?" asked Vaughan. "Driving 
like a prat", came the suednet 

Now well after midnight and 
with scores of arrests on the 
seafront jamming the radio, it was 
time to take a drive round the 
parish. On the edge of the Downs 
en route for Lewes, the roads were 

Raymond Chandler’s "mean 
streets" of Los Angeles are 
being rather kinder at present 
to the author's memory, estate 
and most of all to his confus- 
ing detective Philip Marlowe, 
the worldly but .sentimental 
knight in a snap-brimmed 
fedora, who travelled heavy- 
wrapped in gabardine carrying 
a big gun and a conscience. 

The fascination with 
Chandler’s work and the mys- 
tique which has surrounded 
the film, television, radio and 
literary impersonations of 
Marlowe has trickled along for 
nearly five decades. But 1986 
is turning into a waterfall year. 

Robert Redford certainly 
hopes the interest will con- 
tinue to grow when he dons 
Marlowe's mantle and begins 
filming in California's Palm 
Springs next month. Redford 
is more of the screen image — 
"passably good looking" - 
that Chandler had of bis 

He is the star of Springs. 
based on an unfinished Chan- 
dler novel (only 12 pages 
called The Poodle Springs 
Storf) by screenwriter Roger 
Towne. whose brother Robert 
wrote Chinatown. 

Raymond Chandler’s tough, evocative 
writing is having a vintage spell in 
films, television and the theatre 

Atlantic Pictures is enthu- 
siastic about Flashback by 
writer Ken Nunn (his first 
novel Tapping The Source was 
a vivid mirror of 1980s 
California) which brings Mar- 
lowe out of retirement and 
confronted by more than 
hoodlums in Plymouth 
convertibles and the whiff of 
jasmine and mystery around 
Pasadena Mansions. 

The Texan actor Powers 
Boothe — “Marlowe is slightly 
over six feet tall with dark 
brown hair and brown eyes”, 
said Chandler— is walking the , 
“mean streets” on American 
cable television. These TV 
shows began when British 
producer David Wickes con- 
vinced the Chandler estate to 
part with the rights to some 
short stories and London 
Weekend Television became 

There is also much aca- 
demic interest in Chandler, 
who died in 1959. At the 

University of California at 
Lbs Angeles (UCLA) library, 
an exhibition on until the end 
of September has 40 location 
photographs of dramatic mo- 
ments from The Big Sleep, 
Chandler's first novel, on 
display. The Arion Press, a 
San Francisco publishing 
house, is offering a limited 
edition of The Big Sleep 
featuring these photographs, 
though it is for the real 
enthusiast at S425 (nearly 
£300) a copy. 

The publishing company 
Random House has issued the 
Chandler novels as pan of its 
“audiobooks" division, while 
publisher Aaron Blake offers 
the more energetic diversion 
in The Raymond Chandler 
Mystery Map of Los Angeles, 
by which landmarks you can 
just about trail Chandler's 
convoluted plots. 

Marlbwe, who walked on 
the edge of the street after the 
introduction of government- 



approved psychos like James 
Bond and Dirty Harry and the 
much more recent John 
Rambo, appears to have cen- 
tre stage again. And with 
Robert Redford's proven cin- 
ema appeal he may find a 
totally new audience in 

"If I ever had an opportu- 
nity of selecting a movie actor 
who could best represent him 
to my mind it would have-- 
been Cary Grant”, said Chan- 
dler of Marlowe. Maybe with 
Redford he’ll get something of 
the \yish Hollywood has de- 
nied him since they began 
turning his work into movies 
with Dick Powell as the first 
Marlowe in Murder My Sweet. 

Powell, arguably, the best 
Marlowe so far, was followed 
by Bogart in The Big Sleep, 
Robert Montgomery in The 
Lady In The Lake , George 
Montgomery in The Brasher 
Doubloon based on The High 
Window, James Garner m 
Marlowe, Elliot Gould in 
Allman's The Long Goodbye, 
Phil Carey (in a short-lived 
1959 US TV series) and 
Robert Mitchum in Farewell 
My Lovely and The Big Sleep 
as well as Powers Boothe in 
the much-liked Chandlertown. 

The moviemakers and en- 
trepreneurs of the Chandler 
legacy seem to be heeding 
their master’s words. He 
wrote: “You have to have 
passion. Technique alone is 
just an embroidered 

Douglas Thompson 

© Times Newspapers Ltd 1886 

Line up*. Robert Redford, above, is the latest to play Philip 
Marlow. Others, clockwise, are Powers Boothe, James 
Garner, Elliot Gould, Robert Mitchum, Humphrey Bogart 

When a solicitor’s writ runs riot 




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When Welsh businessman 
Lesjie Parsons became em- 
broiled in a dispute with his 
solicitor, he little knew its 
repercussions would lead to a 
major overhaul of the way the 
Law Society handles the 9,000 
complaints made every year 
against solicitors by members 
of the public. 

His own complaint, arising 
from a dispute over an onion- 
peeling machine which he had 
patented. led to the most 
notorious case against a solic- 
itor in the profession's history. 
Dissatisfied with the Law 
Society's approach, he was 
eventually forced to go to the 
High Court to sue his solicitor, 
former Law Society council 
member Glanville Davies, 
who was struck off the Roll 
for overcharging Parsons by 
some £130,000. 

The Law Society held an 
inquiry into how the com- 
plaint was handled and con- 
cluded there had been “many 
and recurring failures" includ- 
ing "administrative failures, 
mistakes, wrong doing: errors 
of judgement; failures in 
communication; high handed- 
ness and insensitivity on a 
scale that must have done 
great harm to the Law 

Now the society is brining 
in a Solicitors Complaints * 
Bureau which will be mon- 
itored by members of the 
public appointed by the Mas- 
ter of the Rolls. The bureau 
starts work on September I. 

it will .be overseen by two 
key committees: an IT-mem- 
ber investigation committee, 

Tomorrow the Law Society launches 
a complaints bureau to improve the 
chances of redress when lawyers err 

to be dominated and chaired 
by lay people, which will act as 
the public’s watchdog on how 
the bureau staff process and 
handle complaints; and an 
adjudication committee, 
whose, IS members will 
mostly be solicitors, many of 
them Law Society council 

That committee will have to 
decide whether a solicitor 
should be disciplined: and 
whether the alleged miscon- 
duct is so serious as to warrant 
proceedings before the in- 
dependent solicitors' disci- 
plinary. tribunal, which can 
reprimand, fine, suspend or 
strike off. 

The bureau has a hard job 
ahead of it. There has been 
widespread criticism that the 
society opted for the less 
radical^ of two options for 
reforming the complaints 
machinery that were proposed 
in the report by management 
consultants Coopers and 
Lybrand. published -in the 
aftermath of the Glanville 
Davies case. 

The National Consumer 
Council says it is "quite 
unacceptable*' in both prin- 
ciple and practice that • a 
professional body which 
represents the interest of its 
members should sit in judge- 
ment on complaints from the 

Peter Thompson 61 direc- 
tor of the bureau, rejects such 

Leslie Parsons, who set the 
ball rolling, is pessimistic 
about whether the bureau will 
succeed. "I am pleased the 
Law Society is taking action to' 
put its house in order”, he 
says. "But I fee! far from 
confident that any benefit will 
be seen by the public. I am still 

committee is answerable to 

no-one. All rejected com- 
plaints must go to them and 
they can request the bureau 
staff to take certain action. It 
really is the committee of last 
resort so for as the public is 
concerned." An influx of com- 
plaints is expected when the 
bureau gels, next January, 
powers to deal with com- 
plaints of “shoddy work" by 
solicitors, who could be or- 
dered to submit their fifes for . 
scrutiny and if a complaint is 
justified, to remit their fees or 
take specified steps to put 
matters right 

The head of the investiga- 
tion comraitttee is Jean 
Horsham, a career civil ser- 
vant who spent 1 5 years in the 
Ombudsman’s office and was 1 
deputy there in 1981-1982. 
Philip Ely, the Law Society 
council member who chaired 
the three-man inquiry into the 
Parsons affair with its damn- 
ing report wfll head the 
adjudication committee. 

Solicitors themselves have 
not been entirely forgotten in 
all these consumer-orientated} 
moves. The Law Society is 
setting up a ethics and guid- 1 
ance department to take on 
the “pastoral" and “trades- 
union** sick: of advisiqg them! 

solicitor which dates from 
before Glanville Davies in 
1977 -and the Law Society is 
still dragging its feet." 

Frances Gibb 

A vision J * 

nearly empty as Vaughan and 
Brown talked about their role. 

“We're keeping a high profile 
and just letting people know were 
around", said Brown. We don i 
mind at ail if we see brake lights go 
on guiltily when we come into 
sight, because it means the driver is 
alert and has got his wits about 
him. Unless it is pretty obvious 
from the way he is driving, we 
don’t stop anyone at random for 
the specific purpose of testing them 
for drink. 

“But we are empowered to' stop 
any motorist for routine reasons, 
like checking an MOT. certificate, 
and we can then ask them to blow 
into the Alcometer if we think they 
might be over the limit" 

We were in Old Steine when a 
blue Moms Marina passed us in 
the opposite direction, driven 
aggressively, it seemed to Vaughan 
and Brown. The Granada swung 
across the road, swept past twacars 
and slipped in behind. It seemed 
impossible not to be noticed as, 
almost locked together, we turned 
left into St James's Street, right into 
Lower Rock Gardens, left again on ! 
to Marine Drive and a full half- , 
mile further along the seafront. 

The driver was young, his- 
' companions dressed raggedly in 
punk fashion. All three looked 
white-faced and shocked in the car 

“Just blow into here 7 ', said 
Brown. "This light will go on when 
you start and this one when you 
have done enough — it's just like 
blowing up a balloon . . But 
already the light was glowing. "I 
am afraid ! must ask you to 
accompany me to the police 
station”, he said. 

It was 3am and Brown and 
Vaughan still had three hours to go. 
But for one young man, the night 
was already over. 

QTTmea Nwp tMM lid 1S86 

Ending the warwith 

Iraq, breaking the 

clergy’s power: these 

are the aims of a 

dissident Ayatollah 

A t 54, Ayatofitlt Seyed 
Mehdi Rbukam is just 
about old enough to 
qualify as a junior ayatollah, 
bat as a man bora into the 
small circle of families that 
have produced most of the 
“grand" ayatollahs of Shia 
•Islam over the past hundred 
years he exudes the con- 
fidence of one who knows the 

future is bis. 

His elder brother is Grand 
Ayatollah Moharomad-Sadiq 
Rouhani, and tbe dissident 
Grand Ayatollah Tabatabai 
Qommi — at present under 
house arrest - is a cousin. He 
is also related to Ayatollah 
Khomeini himself. 

Now living . in Paris, 
Rouhani tasted the excite- 
ment of Iranian politics at an 
early age. When be was 19, he 
acted as a messenger between 
Dr Mohammad Mosaddtq, 
the nationalist prime min- 
ister, and Ayatollah KashanL 
the most powerful clergyman 
of his tine. Ironically, he also 
once played a part in saving 
Ayatollah Khomeini's life. 

In tbe summer of 1962 
Khomeini was arrested for 
inciting fundamentalists to 
riot against tbe Shah's reform 
programme, and Ron ban i was 
told by General Nassiri, tbe 
chief of the secret police, 
Savak. that Khomeini was 
“as good ns a corpse". 
Rouhani rushed the news to 
the shrine city of Qom. where 
three grand ayatollahs de- 
cided to promote Khomeini . 

Rouhani is -Jiighly con- 
scious of, gnd embarrassed 
by, the extremist image 
Shfism has acquired since 
the revolution in Iran in 
February 1979. 

“The Iranian government 
has little to do with. Islam", 
be says. “There is no need in 
our time for cutting off the 
hands of thieves. - The 
founders of Islam taught ns to 
inarch, forth .with society. 
Only the basic tenets are 
unalterable, and these are 
matters of personal belief, not 
the business oTgorenunents." 

V elayat-e-Faqib, the 
guardianship of the 
theology on which the 
constitution of the Islamic 
Republic of Iran is based, “is 
meant to empower the clergy 
to be the guardians of or-, 
phans and mentally-retarded 
individuals, not whole 
nations”, Rouhani continues. 
“Clergymen are not qualified 
to wield political power, and 
all the other five Grand 
Ayatollahs alive today oppose 
Khomeini on tlus." 

Rouhani feels that Kho- 
meini has lost about 70 per 
cent of the pnblic support he 
enjoyed in 1979. “When he 
goes I am certain that politi- 
cal power will slip ont of the 
hands of his men. Bat if we 
attempt a total overthrow of 
the regime, we shall set the 
country on ' fire — because 
there are some people who 
would start a civil war if we 
did not win them over first 
“Bat such is the enormous 
influence of the Sources of 
Imitation (the grand 
ayatollahs), and such is the 
longing among nationalists 
and liberals- for peace and 
normality, that I have no 
donbt that we shall win the 
support of the armed men on 
the streets if we promise not 
to go back on all the demands 
of the revolution — the change . 
to a republic, for example. 

“But tbe guardianship of 
the clergy will end. I would 
not even mind if our people 
chow a Christian to be our 
president. 1 also want to see 
an end to the war with Iraq, 
and a democratic future for 
Iran. I am worried that mv 
country is forging links with 
the Marxists of Cuba and 
Nicaragua, and that it does 
not see tbe fundamental dif- 
ference between Russia and 

the West" 

Hazhir Teimourian 

16 Unseen influence ' 

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When Vanessa, a battered wife fbr 10 
years, met a battered husband, she found 
rt difficult not to laugh. A year lata; she 
takes the issue vary seriously indeed. “I 
dunk it may be worse formen” she says. 

“They aren't likely to tell anyone and 

dure isn't a refine for them to go to.” - 

These are the problems being ad- 
dressed by Jcnni Manners, co-ordinator 
if the Women's Aid Centre, a refuge for 
3 a tiered women in Swindon, Wiltshire. 

-I was extremely puzzled when men 
started phoning asking for help. From 
1980. three or four would ring a year*’, 
she sayi “But since 1985 Pve taken 
about three dozen calls, mainly from the- 
Swindon area." 

\ She suspects the incidence of violence . 
perpetrated on husbands could be almost 
is prevalent as ‘wife bashing' — itself the 
most unreported crime until the 1970s. 

Can the phenomenon be accounted for 
bv the growth of feminism, or has it 
always been around?- Jcnni Manners has 
no cxplanation-for the sudden increase in 
i -ills from men. but decided to take some 
action. -Earlier this year, a team from the 
icnirc went to visit the world's only, 
refuge for battered- men in Vasteras. 
Sweden. There 1 5 people are involved m 
offering help on the telephone. 

The team was impressed, and now the 
local Labour council is looking into 
funding a 24-hour help line and refuge 
for battered husbands in Swindon. The 
only problem is that the men who Jenni 
Manners has counselled arc unwilling fb 
be publicly involved in the project. So 
the scheme will be run by the women 

, my wife is beating me’ 

Battered husbands are a growing phenomenon, as Caroline Phillips found at a centre which counsels them 

from ihc centre. Ironically, the mate 
victims who call up often feci a woman 
would be more sympathetic. 

The popular image of a battered 
husband is ridiculous. “People have this 
idea of a wimp of Sft 2m being bashed by 
his 16-sionc wife. Nothing could be 
further from the truth” says Jenni 
Manners, fresh from advising a client of 
6 ft 4in who was beaten by his 5ft 4in 
wifo. She has never counselled a male 
victim shorter than 5ft 8 in. The violence 

*She would draw blood 
With her bare fists or hit 
him with a frying pan 9 

ranges from kicking and scratching to 
siabbmgs with potato peelers and 
kitchen knives. 

“Kitchen implements and boiling 
walcrarc favoured. But -then I have seen 
a couple of men with fiaciured skulls. 
One was coshcd with a "brick while he 
was building a patio, and the other got 
whacked with a piece of wood after 
suggesting to his wife that they should see 
a marriage guidance counsellor." 

Ashamed to confess they arc the 
victims of their wives' assaults (and 
having no refuge), many men enter 
■hospitals claiming to have bumped into 

a door or dropped a kettle. Frequently no 
one beyond the immediate family will 
know what is really going on. When 
Jcnni Manners sees the men - “occa- 
sionally in their homes, but more often 
on a park bench or in a pub" —they often 
admit to a catalogue of injuries. 

The men come from all walks of life. 
“It exists in every class, just as violence 
towards women does. .It's just that the 
higher up the social strata you go. the 
more ways there arc to get out of the 

She has counselled managing direc- . 
tors, solicitors, lorry drivers and police- 
men. Usually they arc in their mid-30s to 
laic 40s. “If ihcrc is any trail in common, 
it is that they are caring men — often 
exceeding the generally accepted male 
role in terms of looking after the kids — 
and they arc respectful of women." 

Colin, a taxi driver, is one such 
example. Extremely reticent, he is 26 and 
looks 10 years older. {His wife, an office 
clerk, was 1 1 years his senior.) He put up 
with his wile's violence — which started 
just three months after they married — 
for six years. She would draw blood from 
him with her bare fists and sharp rings or 
hit him over the head with a frying pan. 

“Initially. I was quite shocked — I 
didn't know what to do. because she used 
to go crazy — but I would never hit a 
woman", he explains. The outbursts 
occurred bi-monthly and were, as with 
wife bashing, worse when his spouse had 

been drinking. Did he ever lake steps to 
restrain her? 

“At first I did. I used to try lo calm her 
down by talking to her, but that made no 
difference. Sometimes I sat her on the 
iloor. but then she would re-attack when 
I was off my guard."Jcnni Manners 
confirms that restraining the assailants 
lends to inocnsc them even more. 

Colin got used to it. “I knew what to 
expect and found it easier just to lei her 
get il Over with." 

He could not make out why she did it. 
He simply knew that he was “frightened 
and didn’t have anywhere to go", and 
that retaliating could have made things 
worse. He was also worried that it was 
his fault and that it would recur in 
another relationship. He did not tell 

“You're ashamed of making a fool of 
yourself People would think you were 
wet and not a proper man." 

He thought of notifying the police, but 
knew they dislike getting involved in 
domestic situations. “Help, my wife's 
bashing ’me", is likely to provoke 
ridicule. In Jcnni Manners's experience, 
those who have been to doctors are 
greeted with disbelief, followed by a 
prescription for tranquillizers. 

Then by chance one day Colin picked 
up. the oncc-baucred Vanessa in his taxi 
— and moved out to live with her. His 
wife still comes around to terrorize him 

at Vanessa's house, "out of Jealousy. 1 
think". He found that an application for 
legal aid and an injunction met with 
derision. The court would think it was 
SLupid. the lawyer said. 

“At least I've got to the stage now 
where I can tell people” Colin says with 

Adam, a 36-year-old, 6 ft fireman, 
endured his wife's violence for 13 years 
before doing anything about It. He is now 
trying to 'find himself through philos- 

"Because men have to 
be tough, I never spoke 
to anyone about it 9 

Ojphy and psychology. “1 would certainly 
hit back if a man attacked me," be says, 
“but I let her chuck bottles and plates, 
boiling water and hoi dinners at me." 

Yet he maintains that he thought this 
was normal. “1 didn't consider it a 
violent marriage, I thought all marriages 
were like that.* 

“Lots of men don't see it as violence", 
says Jenni Manners. ** because deep 
down they fed that if the need arises, 
they can defend themselves by holding 
the woman down". 

Things came to a bead when he was at 
home, having contracted cancer. Violent 

episodes started to occur as often as three 
limes a week. 

“In foe process of that strained couple 
of years, we had a role reversal — I was 
very happy to look after the kids and she 
returned to her job as a lab technician. I 
think she fell threatened in her role as a 
woman — and that manifested itself in 
further violence. It was her way of getting 
what she needed. It became too much — 
and she said she was leaving.” He agreed 
on. condition that she left the children. 

The tendency on dissolution is to 
award home and children to the wife. 
Jenni explains that many of the men she 
has counselled fear that if they leave 
home, the violence will then be trans- 
ferred to the children. The majority of 
men she has advised have been awarded 

It wasn't until Adam sought Jenni's 
advice — at the suggestion of a close 
friend in the social services — that he 
realized all his rights and the true extent 
of the violence in bis marriage. 

The help Jenni gives is recognition and 
support, with some guidance on legal 
and housing rights. It's what these 
victims of the opposite sex want. “The 
men want to know that they're not alone 
in their problem. Accommodation isn't 
such a consideration. It’s easier for them 
just to walk out." 

The way things are going, Jenni 
expects to get a lot more calls from men. 
The calls always start: “I don't know if 
you'll want to talk to me. I've got a very 
strange problem “ 

0 TbnM Nwnpiptra Ltd ISM 

Dressed for the part 

W hen Patricia Hodge Pjitrina Tfndup line which became the film Brie, 
was impersonating railing XXUUfeC Ildb Encounter, with lines like “How 
Nancy Mitford in the awfully nice you are" and “1 

musical about the recreated Ciertrude thou/ht ne/hans wr were 


W hen Patricia Hodge 
was impersonating 
Nancy Mitford in the 
musical about ■ the . 
famous sisters, she was hailed as 
“the new Gertrude Lawrence" by 
Ned Sherrin (admittedly not with- 
out a personal interest in the 
—show). Now she is recreating the 
original Gertrude Lawrence m 
Noel and Gertie — a joint memoir 
of those two egotists which holds 
together an anthology of memo- 
rable moments from Coward. It 
opens this week. 

On the face of it there is no 
actress better suited to reviving 
legendary figures of the Thirties — 
she has Lady Diana Cooper as well 
is Nancy Mitford to her name 
already. Patricia Hodge has the 
rhirties -look in abundance. Pale 
olue misty eyes look out through 
laJf-dosed lids, the cheeks are 
ioJIow, the mouth small and 
■ursed as if la-take a cigarette 
idder, the complexion alabaster, 
ibove all she can assume that 
)hnk expression that looks as if it 
s waiting, aloof and without hope, 
orthe arrival of someone interest- 
ng enough to register. Add her 
fobbed reddish-blonde hair and a 
Mofyneux dress and you have the 
ingredients for a photograph by 

The Molyneux dress is the one 
in which Gertie Lawrence 
“appeared" to a sleepless No 6 I 
Coward in his Tokyo hotel bed- 
room. He saw her standing on a 
terrace in the South of France, and 
the image “refused to go away 
again until four in the morning, by 
which time Private Lives, title and 
all. had constructed itself". The 
dress Patricia Hodge wears to play 
Genie as Amanda has been 
recreated from photographs by the 
show's designer, Carl Toms, and 
made in pure silk ivory satin by - 
Antoinette Gregory. It moves with 
a grace of its own and is. says Miss 
Hodge, “the kind of dress you 
don't know you're wearing”. 

Of course, it is a daunting 
prospect to invite comparison 
with a legend - especially one of 
whom we have no worthy me- 
morial “1 have had her records for 
years but I wish to God I'd seen 
her. What you bear on her 
recordings, made without an audi- 
ence, is not her. With an audience, 
she would put oh voices, extem- 
porize, weave a web in front of 

Patricia Hodge has 
recreated Gertrude 
Lawrence, right 
down to the hem, 
writes Peter Lewis 

their eyes. She was somebody who 
made you sit up in your seat” 

Off stage, Miss Lawrence was 
Gertie, the girl from Brixton, 
whose native vowel sounds were 
so different from her carefully 
modulated tones on stage. Some- 
times they came out in the 
occasional “yew", as Patricia 
Hodge demonstrated, humming 
one of her songs discreetly across 
the luncheon table. 

“Coward said no one could play - 
her who hadn't a -touch of the. 
gutter about her.” There is no such 
touch about Miss Hodge, although 
she grew up opposite Grimsby 
Docks — her father ran the best 
hotel in town. "Bui I went to 
school with roughishluds and had • 
a Lincolnshire accent which I had 
to clean iip, as Gertie got rid of 

Pat Hodge longed to be a child 
actress with the Italia Conti (fired 
by seeing its pupils perform in 
Where the Rainbow Ends). “I was 
desperately in love wiih the 
theatre but Lincolnshire was a 
cultural desert. People said, don't 
be silly, nobody does that kind of 
thing.” So she trained for teaching 
and taught for a year before 
finding her wayto drama school at 
the late age of 22 . 

S he became a chorus girt, 
then got the lead, but does 
not- consider herself a 
musical artist. “I .can sort 
of get away with it- I'd give the 
world for a voice.' like - Julia 
McKenzie’s." Now she has to "get 
away with” Coward's potent 
“cheap music”, including songs 
such as Someday TU Find You and 
Parisien Pierrot. 

Of course, the stage’s second 
most famous balcony scene, from 
Private Lives, is included, with 
Lewis Fiander playing Nod as 
Elyot_ Perhaps the hardest scene 
to get away with now is the one in 
the station buffet In StiU Life ; 

which became the film Brief 
Encounter, with fines like “How 
awfully nice you are”, and “I 
thought perhaps we were 
being... rather silly.” 

“It's one cliche after another but 
that couple meant every word of 
them. There was that kind of 
innocence and unashamed ro- 
mance in the theatre then. 

“Noel and Gertie had this 
brotber-and-sister relationship. 
Both of them, as he put it were 
‘monkey-quick* and they could 
both see how u> further each 
other’s career. With his brilliant 
insight into the woman's point of 
view, he could use bits of their 
relationship in the plays. Their 
friendship had that kind of elas- 
ticity which would stretch to 
saying ‘Oh, you make me sick' and 
a moment later they would be 
laughing —just like Amanda and 

T he feet .that they never 
had a . physical relation- 
ship made them all the 
more devoted friends. A 
lot of people would be better 
friends if only that fabulous thing 
called sex didn’t get in the way." 

But although Private Lives is 
nowadays established as a classic, . 
Coward arid Lawrence inhabited a 
different theatrical universe from 
today's, one which was already 
fading before Gertrude Lawrence 
died suddenly of cancer in 1951 
“All she had when she died was 
the money she had made in The 
King and L in which she was 
playing in New York. She had no 
responsibility about money at all 
and was absurdly generous. When 
a woman came up to her in 
Cartier’s and told her how marvel- 
lous her performance .was. she 
bought the bracelet she was 
examining and gave it to her.” 

Gertrude Lawrence’s career' ( 
would be impossible today, says 
Hodge. “To go to the theatre then 
was much more uplifting, because 
audiences had no television. 
There was a different kind ' of 
magic about it and about its' very; 
very glamourous, high-profile 
stars. Suits were feted. The Prince 
of Wales was seen out with them 
every night at the Embassy Club. 
Gertrude Lawrence rode that 
wave — but once it was gone, it 
was gone." 

©TbnMNtmrtfMpofsLtd 1986 

■ ' Y-’ -’-#1' ' 



Attainment that 
equals failure 

Straight rat of a dream: Patricia Hodge in the Molyneux dress 

^ There appears to be life 
f after O level results, but for 
a day or two it was tooch 
and go. The first few 
^ minutes were bad enough, 
the next few hours worse. In the 
be ginning there was the opening of 
tbe post, to reveal a form which 
revealed little, except ambiguity. 
My daoghler had been graded in 
seven of eight subjects, 

“unclassified” in the other. We 
took that to mean “fail". 

The back of the form, a flimsy 
thing, described the grades, A to E, 
as signifying the “level of 
attainment”. As a family, and with 
all doe modesty, we do not think 
we are entirely illiterate. We think 
that “attainment” is a word not 
unconnected with “success” or 
even “pass”. 

Bat further down, there was a 
phrase about grades A to C being 
“equivalent to the former O level 
pass". On this basis, one B and 
one C meant my. daughter had two 
O levels. Or ‘was it seven? I 
telephoned the University of Lon- 
don school exams department, 
where an official said that “every- 
one with a grade, from A to E, 
would get a certificate". 

Il would seem silly to give a 
certificate for passes and faUures, 
so obviously this meant seven 

Obviously not. It transpired, a 
gpod many phone calls later, that 
the “old O level” pass level was 
indeed the one to hang yonr hat on. 
(So why call it tire old pass level?) 
But in an era when everyone has to 
be given the feeling that they have 
succeeded, “attainment" has ar- 
rived as a euphemism for faiL Or 
not, depending on yonr grade. 

I bust this is all perfectly dear. 

So my daughter has it all to do, 
as tbe football commentators say, 
next term. She has attained some 
success and she has attained some 
foil ore and it took half a day to 
locate the join. And we, the 
benighted parents, have had less 
than a week from receipt of the 
results to resumption of school to 
decide whether sixth form college 
really is the right way forward. 
One day unravelling the meaning 
of a computer print-out and one 
week to assess and act apon the 
consequences after an investment 
of H years in the education 



Peter Barnard 

system. There is a word for this; it 
is nonsense. 

I cannot say, hand on heart, that 
the teachers* dispute caused my 
daughter to do less well than 
nearly every' examination over the 
past five years had suggested she 
would. But I can say that wbeu 
someone 1 love, who has worked 
hard and intelligently, is reduced 
to tears by a computer print-out I 
start to look for reasons. 

1 start to reflect on her need, 
throughout the past year — and 
mentioned in this space before — to 
share textbooks with a friend. I 
reflect on the number of classes 
she attended which the relevant 
teacher, in pursuit of a dispute, did 
noL 1 reflect on the utter stupidity 
of the teacher who, at the mock O 
level stage, set a CSE paper for the 
whole class and then put my 
daughter in for the O level 
examination, so that she had no 
experience of that subject as it Is 
tested at O level. 

I reflect on another teacher who 
did not and does not set homework 
because be “doesn't believe in it”. 
Perhaps most of all, I reflect on 
what might have been, had not my 
daughter spent a crucial year in 
her life being treated like an 
educational football by a pro- 
fession so cossetted that laced with 
the threat of being assessed it 
walked off the job. 

My wife and I cannot be the only- 
parents in this country who do not 
give a damn what teachers believe 
in. What we believe in is the right 
of oar children to an education 
uninterrupted by disputes and 
untrammelled by pseudo-philo- 
sophical stances over homework 
which are at best irrelevant and at 
worst plain idle. 

It may be that the anger and 
resentment I feel now is no 
substitute for calm, ' rational 
thought followed by constructive 
action. But the first mem- 
ber of the NUT who thinks 
of throwing that one at me 
had better rehearse it first. M 
In front of a mirror. ^ 

Matchmaker, 59, dainty, seeks rich . . . 



contrived lo meet and marry 
without benefit of her pro- 
fessional skills, which means 
that Mrs Fischer, matchmaker 
to the cream of society, is now 
free to concentrate on those 
others who are perhaps more 
in the semi-skimmed 

Her organization, called 
Gcntlepcoplc Ltd. is a lonely 
hearts dub for the cultured, 
the intellectual, the civilized 
arid — coincidentally. of 
course — ■ the rich. 

With four offices in Amer- 
ica. she has now opened up in 
Knightsbridgc. London, and 
already the customers are 
rolling in. In America she has 

Aii American lonely 

hearts club for the 

cream of society 

finds a booming 

business in Britain 

For a woman, who had lately 
.■ lost nvo of her most illustrious 
poteptial clients. „Zclda Fi- 
. schcr was determined to be 
philosophical about it. “Oh. 
/yeah", she said. “They 
■ j would* vp been good — a 
-■delightful couple." 

»■ However, the Duke and 
^ iDuchcss of York somehow 

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around 500 clients, mostly in 
their 30s and 40s. many of 
them doctors, lawyers, and 
business people. Marriages 
run at around one a week. 
Britain seems lo be following 
that pattern. 

. “We have a barrister, fe- 
male. 20 s. very pretty, never 
been married, who would like 
to find a special gentleman; 
and a gentleman from Edin- 
burgh. hate 40s.. own business, 
who flew down specially to see 
me because there arc no ladies 
lo suit him in Scotland.” 

In her own shorthand. Mrs 
Fischer is 59. separated, three 
children. A dainty figure, she 
sits with Eastern stillness, her 
hands folded in her lap. 
emitting from time to time a 
charmingly girlish giggle. . 

She says that successful 
people frequently dedicate 
themselves to their work at the 
expense of their emotional 
lives. "Often they come to me 
on their birthdays. They’ve 
looked up one day and sud- 
denly thought “Oh my good- 
ness,’ Fm 40 and I don’t have 

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Philosophical; Zelda Fischer 

anyone io spend lime with’. 
Or in the case of women, the 
biological clock is ticking 
away and it will soon be too 
laic to have children." 

The temptation is to think 
that if they arc so clever why 
can't they go out and find 
someone themselves. Lesser 
people da. Quite simple, says 
Mrs Fischer. Often they don't 
have the time. Often they arc 
people who arc accustomed to 
using consultants in therr 
professional life, so why not in 
their emotional life too? And 
some of her clients, she says a 
little darkly, are public figures 
who cannot go out trawling 
Annabels late at night. 

So they give her a list of 
requirements and Mrs Fischer 
sets off to find the ideal 
partner. It all sounds rather 
dinicaJ but, when you think 
about it, it is only a hi-tech 

version of Cinderella and the 
Slipper-fitting trials. This be- 
spoke service costs £1,500 
compared with a standard 
£500 entrance fee. 

This is all very well for 
Americans, but is it really 
what we want? Apparently, 
yes. Britain’s gentle people 
have been fairly pounding up 
lo her first floor suite at 
Claridges, their lonely hearts 
racing in expectation. “A lot 
of women want someone who 
can make them laugh. I guess 
humour and monogamy are 
top of the list of women’s 
desires. Men will more often 
discuss physical attributes. 
They arc less pragmatic and 
sometimes want to relive their 
youth with a younger woman. 

“Successful people have all 
the same disasters and catas- 
trophes as the rest of human- 
ity, and probably more so. In 
some ways they can be a little 
less practised than others.” 

What they are not isany less 
romantic. When she asks her 
women clients, by way of 
research, what gifts they 
would most like, they quite 
often say a single rose. Mrs 
Fischer gave me a moist smile 
as she related that story, and I 
must say that iL wasn't until I 
had left that 1 realised that I 
might have misheard her. 

Did she say a single rose — 
ora single Rplls? 

Colin Duncan 

£) Times Newspapers Ltd 1986 










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Thomson Prentice on the forces lurking beneath the earth’s surface 


Norman Tebbit is planning a 
saturation mailshot to sharehold- 
ers in all companies privatized by 
the government The decision 
follow a successful trial run with 
British Telecom shareholders 
who, unlike the similarly wooed 
expatriates, have thrilled to the 
Tebbit touch, and are apparently 
joining the Tory party in droves, 
Tebbit now intends to warn the 
shareholders that if Labour comes 
to power, their companies might 
well revert to state control. The 
Tories are also seeking the help of 
chairmen of privatized com- 
panies; Central Office has sug- 
gested that they insert letters 
carrying the same message in 
annual reports. I understand that 
the National Freight Corporation 
and Britoil are among the first 
likely to co-operate.- “We feel that 
the shareholders' vote is wobbly,, 
and we want to firm it up,” an 
architect of the plan tells me. 

Ladies’ night 

Dramatic irony in Athens, where a 
new Greek production of Lys- 
istrata. Aristophanes' famous play 
about a women's sex strike in 
protest against the waning of their 
men, opened this week. The 
Mount Lykabettus production, 
being in tbe true tradition of 
ancient Greek theatre, has an 
almost entirely male cast. For the 
first night, the company ordained 
that there should be an all-female 
audience. The men of Athens were 
more than happy to await their 
wives and girl friends outside. 
Only one man steeled himself to 
attend. He found himself sitting 
next to. of all people, the culture 
minister; Melina Mercouri, from 
whom he received some stern 
words. In mitigation be pleaded , 
homosexuality — a defence which, 

I gather, was accepted. 

• Spotted in the window of a 
Wandsworth cafe: “Tonight’s spe- 
cial: fried chicken, peas and sortie 

Treble choice 

Conservative voters in East Lo- 
thian will have an unparalleled 
choice of candidates at the next 
election, with three Tory names 
on the ballot paper. These are the . 
official candidate Peter Clarke 
(dry), local councillor David 
Thomson (moist) and Ulster 
Unionist supporter Michael Fry 
(orange). Thomson intends to 
stand in protest at the policies of 
Clarke, who calls the Labour-held 
constituency East Loathsome and 
is inclined to come out with 
eccentric remarks. What finally 
made up Thomson's mind was 
Clarice's suggestion that sending 
white mercenaries to overthrow 
the Botha regime in South Africa 
would be more effective than 






’Remind me. does it mean Michael 
Caine is coming or going?* 

Muck raking 

The Federation of Conservative 
Students has still not forgiven 
John Selwyn Gummer. former 
party chairman and now junior 
agriculture minister, for criticizing 
members' behaviour during their 
Loughborough conference last 
year. The now contentious PCS 
publication New Agenda records 
that “far from being curtailed, the 
federation has. strengthened con- 
stitutionally. and John Selwyn 
Gummer has been denoted (a 
misprint, surely) to Minister of 
Manure.” It all sounds to me like 
the start of a Dirty Wan if I were 
Mr Speaker I would call “Ordure, 
ordure” at the first opportunity. 

Bird flies 

Nicky Bird, who this spring was 
IiumiliaiineK shifted from his 
post as publications officer at the 
Victoria & Albert, has a new job; 
marketing the Barbican Centre. In 
view of his rows with the V & A 
administration and his celebrated 
fondness for practical jokes, the 
museum authorities refused per- 
mission to hold his leaving do in 
the building. “It was against all 
precedent." Bird fumes. He had a 
party instead in a hotel opposite. 
Did the V & A boss. Sir Roy- 
Strong. attend? "If he had. f would 
have had to cut m\ speech from 20 
minutes to one." says Bird. 

By the left . . 

A touching picture of how the 
mighty M comes after the latest 
expulsion ofGadaffi trouble-mak- 
ers. Mauritius has just turfed out 
the Libyan ambassador and other 
officials in an operation lasting a 
mere 30 minutes from tbe first 
knock on the door to the boarding 
of the plane. So speedy was it that 
the Libyans were, as it were, 
caught with their trousers down — 
the ambassador flying out in his 
dressing=gown. and his entourage 
similarly dishabille: ppjg 

When the 
deep turns 

There were few. if any, of nature’s traditional 
warnings of a catastrophe to come. The popular 
images of a volcano m action are of rumbling, 
sulphurous clouds, jets of flame and hideous 
cascades of molten lava. 

This time, however, death and destruction erupted 
suddenly into the atmosphere from beneath the 
usually placid waters of Lake Nyos, in northwest 
Cameroon. The first rescuers found the bodies of 

Voicanic reservoir 
releasing gases "- 

lake bed sediment 
over many years 

'o N \ Gases including hydrogen sulphide, 
*zJ carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide 
forced upwards 

hundreds of lakeside villagers and 
their animals lying where a huge 
emission of volcanic gases had 
engulfed them. 

At least 1.200 people are be- 
lieved to have perished. It was a 
populous area because the volcano 
had given life before it took it 
away, creating a fertile soil and a 
lush landscape for farmers. 

It -killed nine out of 10 of the 
population, transforming the lake- 
side into a “huge wasteland”, 
according to one witness. Banana 
trees were snapped in half, vegeta- 
tion was blackened, but the vil- 
lages themselves apparently 
su tiered little damage. 

The causes of the disaster had 
almost certainly been building up 
for many years, perhaps 
centuries. The volcano is one of 
many in western Cameroon which 
generations of local people have 
believed to be extinct because 
their craters had become lakes. 
One of the lessons of the tragedy 
may be that volcanoes, though 
silent and apparently safe for 

By wholeheartedly supporting in- 
dividual freedoms and a nee- 
enterprise economy. South 
African business leaders are 
brought into conflict with apart- 
heid on both moral and pragmatic 
grounds. Apartheid, after all, re- 
stricts such fundamentals of the 
free-enterprise system as labour 
mobility, the ability to choose 
where to live and educate one's 
children, and participation in the 
country's political life. 

Abundant evidence shows that 
apartheid and its associated eco- 
nomic policies have restricted 
opportunity for all South Africans! 

But business leaders oppose 
apartheid for another important 
reason: it has become an ethnic, 
quasi-socialist system of govern- 
ment pursued by an Afrikaner 
oligarchy not hitherto imbued 
with free-enterprise principles. It 
incorporates some of the worst 
features of other centralized, 
bureaucratic socialist systems. ' 
Since the Nationalists -came to 
power In 1948, business — for- 
merly dominated by whites of 
British descent — has been cast in 
an adversarial role. Through 
essentially statist and socialist 
measures, wealth has been 
redistributed in favour of the 
Afrikaner community. The state 
lakes 27 per cent of gross national 
product and almost half of 
employable Afrikaners work in tire 
state sector — many having 
worked previously in agriculture 
and the mines. 

Business had exceedingly lim- 
ited influence over this process. 
After the Sharpe viile tragedy in 
1960, for example, the then prime 
minister, Hendrik Verwoerd, re- 
acted angrily to uigings from 
English and Afrikaans-speaking 
business executives to end the 
system of reserving certain cate- 
gories of jobs for whites. 

He accused them of “paving the 
way for black domination” and 
denounced as “traitors” the Asso- 
ciated Chambers of Commerce 
(Assocom), the most liberal and 
vocal South African business 
organization. For some years, 
government departments refused 
to reply to correspondence from 
Assocom officials. 

As economic growth and politi- 
cal power transformed the Afri- 
kaner nation from a rural, blue- 
collar background into a modern 
Western people, Afrikaner busi- 
ness leaders emerged whose in- 
terests increasingly dashed with 
apartheid. Their influence 
contributed to the erosion of 
apartheid in fields such as job 
reservation and trade-union rights 
for blacks. 

But on the central question of 
political rights, the state emerged 
as the key obstacle to reform. The 
prospect of sharing power, with 
the inevitable loss of jobs in the 
slate sector to blacks - let alone 
surrendering power — must look 
doubly unattractive to Afrikaners 
when a deteriorating economy 
makes jobs scarce. 

The state sector has been the 
chief beneficiary of apartheid. 
Bureaucrats and Nationalist poli- 
ticians have been able, in most 
instances, to pass on the costs of 
apartheid policies to other groups. 
Many of the costs of disinvest- 
ment and sanctions can be passed 
on to others; for example, to black 
migrant workers from neigh- 
bouring states, to blade South 
Africans, and to industry and 
commerce, in the form of higher 

So even if sanctions continue to 
multiply, Pretoria will probably 
have adopted a repressive and 
destructive siege policy by the 
time the government rally feels 
their adverse effects. 

These realities support the view 
of South African businessmen that 
there are no quick fixes for South 
Africa and that economic growth 
is essential. Sooner or later apart- 
heid will go, and they constantly 
tell the government that only 
negotiation with influential black 
leaders on political reform will 
make possible a transition to a 
post-apartheid society. That soci- 
ety will still be beset by the 
problems associated with a mod- 
ernizing, industrializing state with 
a peculiar mix of First and Third - 
Worlds. As a result, the South 

centuries, merely sleep, but never 

From deep below the bed of 
Lake Nyos, vast quantities of vol- 
atile gases created in the magma, 
or molten fluid reservoir of the 
volcano, were forced upwards by 
immense subterranean pressures. 
The gases, including carbon di- 
oxide. sulphur oxide, hydrogen 
sulphide and possibly cyanide, 
slowly but irresistibly permeated 
layers of rock and sediment on the 
bottom of the lake. 

What caused those gases to 
combine into a lethal, explosive 
cloud when they reached the 
surface is not yet clear. This is the 
rainy season, when the surround- 
ing land' would be waterlogged 
with decaying vegetation, which 
may have become explosive when 
the hot gases reached them. 

Scientists from the United 
States Geological Survey, who 
have been asked by the Cameroon 
govern ment to investigate the 
causes, have reported seismic 
activity in the area recently. One 

theory is that a minor earthquake 
may have caused the upsurge of 
gase&A landslide could have dis- 
turbed the lake bottom, triggering 
the outburst. 

One of Britain’s leading experts 
on Cameroonian volcanoes. Dr 
Godfrey Fitton of Edinburgh 
University, said yesterday: “The 
volcano is extinct in terms of 
eruptions but it is not uncommon 
for gases to build up beneath crater 
lakes in these mountains. 

“In this case, the explosive 
release of gas would have been 
followed into the atmosphere by a 
last-moving cloud,, almost cer- 
tainly of dense carbon dioxide, 
which would have enveloped the 
surrounding countryside. The 
cloud may have bear invisible, 
and there would have been little, if 
any, warning.” 

The carbon dioxide would dis- 
place oxygen in the air, virtually 
suffocating the 1 villagers and their 
livestock around the lake. 

Gas poisoning of volcanic ori- 
gin has been reported at least since 

Gavin Relly, chairman of the 
Anglo American Corporation, 
pats the business case against 
apartheid and points the way 
to a prosperity in which both 
white and black can share 

Charter for 

Mine workers are typical of Sooth Africa’s increasingly 
unionized black labour force. Employers most give 
them incentives and take them into their ranfMgwfy 

African business community has 
focused on two overriding prior- 
ities: husbanding resources during 
the transition and trying to con- 
vince everyone of the importance 
of wealth creation for the success 
of a post-apartheid society. This 
requires steady adherence to free- 
enterprise principles and a proper 
appreciation of the South African 
economy's real nature. 

South Africa can preserve its 
mining and manufacturing base 
only * if it remains within the 
Western-dominated international 
economic system. But South Af- 
rica has to run harder than its 
image in the West as an indus- 
trialized country might suggest 
Despite its gold, diamonds and 
other minerals, it is wealthy only 
in comparison -with its less fortu- 
nate neighbours: gross national 
product per capita in 1982. when 
tbe population was estimated at 
30 million, was two and a half the 
average of that of 20 subequatorial 
African countries, but only 25 per 
cent of Canada’s. 

Further, South Africa has an 
annual population growth rate of 
2.7 per cent and a typical Third 
World population profile — more 
than half the population are under • 
20. An annual economic growth 
rate of 6 per cent is .required to* 
create employment for more than 
300,000 new job-seekers every 
year — and that does not take 
account pf the 25 per cent of 
blacks already out of work. But' 
without foreign capital inflows, 
the economy can grow at little 
more than 3.5 per cent a year. In 
the past five years, in fact, it has 
averaged only 1.1 per cent. 

Even today satisfying Mack 
expectations requires ever greater 
wealth. They are constantly rising 
and will continue to do so when 
blacks have political power. Meet- 
ing those expectations will require 
development capital as well as 
transformed business and govern- 
ment policies. Capital cannot 
come solely from South African 
sources, whatever the economi- 
cally liberating effect of dis- 
mantling apartheid. 

High government spending on a 
wasteful bureaucracy rather than 
on infrastructure has inhibited 
economic growth. Moreover, high 
individual and corporate taxes 
have diminished investment cap- 
ital and private savings have 

South African business is com- 
ing to the conclusion that it cannot 
adapt itself to the new South 
Africa by carrying ou much as it 
has in the past Greater worker 
participation at all levels, not just 
through trade . unions but also 
through shareholding pro- 
grammes and other mechanisms, 
is likely. Small black businesses 
must be encouraged, perhaps on 
the lines of schemes in the United 

My company, the Anglo Ameri- 
can Corporation of South Africa, 
is following three important strat- 

• We are making a determined 
effort to visualize what “credible” 
will mean 10 or 15 years from 
now. It certainly will not mean a 
simple projection of current man- 
ning and industrial relations prac- . 
tices. however progressive they 
may be. Credibility will require a 

‘South African companies must involve themselves 
not only in affirmative action programmes bnt 
engage black political groups in dialogue about onr 
economic future . . . onr every deal mast help 
make ns acceptable to a society that will have 
simplistic views about capitalism’ 

Danny Finkelstein ^ 

— “7 : $ 

Why Owen must , * 

win this fight 

the time of the Roman rhetorician 
Lucius Annaeus Seneca, whose 
writings described the asphyxi- 
ation of sheep on the slopes of 
Mount Vesuvius in AD 62. 

In August 1984, toxic fumes 
from another Cameroonian vol- 
canic lake, at Dfindoum in the 
same mountain ■ chain as Nyos. 
escaped and killed 36 people. 
Similar potential disasters may be 
building up beneath other lake 
surfaces in the range. 

Because of the dangers, the 
Cameroonian authorities are 
organizing the evacuation of up to 
30,000 people from the area. Apart 
from the risk of further gas clouds, 
.there are inevitably threats of 
disease and contamination. 

The surface of the lake was said 
by observers from army heli- 
copters to be calm yesterday. But 
the waters are no longer dear, as 
they usually are, but muddied; a 
sullen symbol of the enormous 
forces still lurking for beneath. 

The author is Science Correspon- 
dent of The Times. 

mind- wrenching effort to grasp 
the future and translate it bade to 
the real action we should be taking 
■ now. 

- • Secondly, we must support and 
nurture effective and responsible 
trade union activity. It is impos- 
sible to face the future in indus- 
trial affairs if we have no one to 
talk to. Labour-management rela- 
tions must evolve to stave off the 
kinds of extreme left-wing mea- 
sures that have ruined so much of 
tbe rest of Africa. 

• Thirdly, the company must be a 
stalwart advocate and practitioner 
of free enterprise. Our every deed 
must help make us acceptable to a 
society that will have simplistic 
views about capitalism. 

Business operates on a long- 
term basis. Anglo American needs 
to plan for a long-term future to 
encourage industrial and eco- 
nomic growth. If we can show that 
we are taking a long-term view of 
South Africa's future, organiza- 
tions such as the African National 
Congress and the trade unions will 
be encouraged to do the same • 

The 1980s have seen a Rowing 
realization of the inappropriate- 
ness of the policies of state control 
Country after country, even if 
ostensibly maintaining a socialist 
line, has moved to stimulate or re- 
establish its private sector 
Mozambique, Tanzania and Zam- 
bia are three examples dose to 
South Africa. 

The magmatic economic policy 
thus far pursued by Robert 
Mugabe, Zimbabwe’s impeccably 
socialist prime minister, owes 
much to the advice of President 
Samora Mach el of Mozambique, 
who exhorted him not to repeat 
Mozambique's mistakes but -to 
retain skilled whites and stimulate 
agricultural production. It is to be 
hoped that African leaders win 
exert similar influence on black 
South Africans who will be im- 
portant in the new South Africa. 

South African companies must 
involve themselves not only in all 
the 1 affirmative-action pro- 
grammes I have mentioned but 
must also engage Wade political 
groups in a dialogue about the 
economic future. That was One of 
the principal reasons for tbe visit 
by a group of seven South African 
business leaders that I led last year 
to the ANC in Zambia. 

The ANCs. freedom charter, 
however admirable it may be. in 
many respects, is vague and 
woolly on economic matters. Con- 
ceived in the mid-1950s, when 
'South Africa was a vastly different 
place politically and . economi- 
cally, the charter asserts: “The 
mineral wealth beneath the soil, 
the banks add monopoly industry 
shall be transferred to the owner- 
ship of the people as a whole. All 
other industry and trade shall be 
controlled to assist the well-being 
of the people.” 

Yet the goal of continued 
competition m tbe international 
economy is incompatible with 
nationalization. Small, open 
economies like South Africa's - 
benefit from the international 

operations of large companies. 

South Africa is not a country for 
the fainthearted. South African 
business is rapidly adapting, plan- 
ning and mobilizing to take part in 
that great experiment, - but k 
knows that its resources, even 
when combined with the eco- 
nomic forces liberated by the 
abolition of apartheid, will be 
inadequate to the challenge. 

The British and American 
counterparts of South African 
executives therefore face an awe- 
some responsibility. Many have 
made good profits in South Africa 
for decades. But faced with lean 
times anda host of pressures, they 
are attracted to the easy option of 
withdrawal especially if the. ig- 
norance. mischief-making, ana 
mythology underlying those pres- 
sures are ignored. 

Greater participation in South: 
Africa and tbe structural reform 
initiatives proposed by' South 
African business are much harder 
roads to walk. But they may also 
be in one of businesses’s best and 
most prominent traditions - risk- 
taking. ■ 

Extracted from- Foreign . Policy 
magazine • • 

Disapproval of David Owen — or 
any other leading politician - is 
nothing new. But there is some- 
thing unusual in the description of. 
the SDP leader, in a recent New 
Statesman, as having “no strat- 
egy”, being ’‘uncomfortably 
rootless” and having “his eye on 
the main chance”. The criticism is 
made not by a Labour stalwart, 
from whom it might be expected, 
but by Roger Liddie. a member of 
the SDP national committee and 
the party's candidate in the Ful- 
ham by-election earlier this year. 

Using the sort of code usually 
favoured by sacked cabinet min- 
isters, Liddie set out criticisms 
which other prominent members 
of the SDP have confined to secret 
press briefings and personal digs 
of the “David-can-be-a-bit-dim- 
cult-at- times” variety. In doing so 
he made clear the true source of 
the disagreements which have of 
late been troubling the party. 

Liddie and those who think like 
him believe that the SDFs central 
goal should be to replace Labour 
as the clear alternative govern- 
ment to the Conservatives. They 
are wary about proportional 
representation — believing it to be 
correct but not bdjeving that it 
will fundamentally alter tbe. na- 
ture of British party politics. 

David Owen and other party 
members, on the other hand, 
believe that the emphasis should 
not be on replacing Labour but 
rather on replacing the political, 
system on Much Labour feeds. 
Owen's supporters believe that PR 
would require and involve a 
complete reorientation of British 
politics. In these circumstances it 
would be profoundly mistaken to 
talk simply in terms of supplant- 
ing Labour. . 

The Owen strategy is based on 
two main premises. First, the 
growth of a new class of pro- 
fessional and semi-professiona] 
workers who owe allegiance to 
neither tbe Conservative nor tbe 
Labour party. It is this expanding 
sector of the electorate and not tbe 
traditional Labour base, Owen 
believes, that will provide the 
major foundation of SDP support. 

Secondly, the Owen camp be- 
lieve that the SDP should pos- 
itively encourage multi-party 
government. It is the existence of 
two-party politics which has en- 
trenched outdated class distinc- 
tions, wrecked industrial relations 
and prevented a creative synthesis 
of different political traditions and 

The liddie strategy would,, in 
essence, seek the! maintenance of' 
two-party politics. The feqr is that, " 
over, time, this strategy would 
result in the repetition-of some of 
Labour’s worst errors— becoming 
a party of welters against man- 
agers, suspicious .about enterprise . 
and tending towards station. 

From ibis division of opinion 
all others follow. Those who see 
the SDFs major goal as being to 
replace Labour generally also sup- 

Qwcn and his supporters, 
contrast, believe that the SDP k , 

merely tire fira step in the era tHW . -, ’ 

of the “New Politics’ — a tend • 
change in the political processthj •«' - 
can be completed only afW 
proportional representation. T&q . 
“New Politicians” oppose 
merger which would, ossify dm ; :■ 
current political system and »js 
stria political freedom after PR. ■“ 
Similarly the accusation made ” 

wing stems from the belief of^j* 

wing stems issbsss uk ocua m , 

critics that- tbe proper role of a* 
SDP leader .is to appeal to - . 
Labour’s traditional etectoar 

Their belief that proportional 
representation would have limited 
impact leads them to conclude 
that tbe Alliance should form a 
conventional “broad church party 
of the left” to rival Labour inside 
the current system. 

The “New Ptiliticiteis^ b dfevjj ; !i 

that the job ofihe SDPIeader is to 1 

define social democracy cfeaijy ? 
without recourse to terms such y - 
“left” and “riabl" — terms that ' 
reflect tbe old politics, 

Tbe argument inside the SDP 
over defence also has its root ia •' 
the strategic disagreement. 

Liddfe strategy implies that no^ 
ing must be done to endanger ^ . 
unity with the Liberals or ihe 
prospect of coalition with Labour. * ... 

The biggest fear of those who ' i - 
agree with liddie is that certain ■" 
aspects ofSDP policy, for example c*-*’ 
its stand on Britain's track* 
contribution to Naxo, might mate !. • -'i 
coalition with Labour impossfefe „ . 
and a post-election agreement " ... 
with tiie Conservatives inevitable. - ' 

The “New Politicians" do not - • 
share this fear. They believe that ^ - 
the SDP should not obscure its - -i./ 
policies but should instead fine .. 
both the Liberal Party, before an V, 
election, and the Labour Party, - 
after it, to negotiate with' a firm, • ‘ 
free and confident SDP. . . "■ : 

The Liddie strategy remrirdto|* 
coalition with Labour at almas 
any cost. Tbe Owen strategy doo ! 

Arguments inside the SDP are 
not, therefore, just the irritating 
result of personal tensions. They •£■ '■ 
are the result of a strategic j s ~ 
disagreement It is not personal- 
ities but strategies that have 
convinced many that David Owes 
mustwin the argument 

When tbe SDP was formed, r: ‘ 
many of its founders, Owen ? 
included, may have seen it as tbe 
new Labour Party. It has, how- 
ever, become much more than 
that More than half its members • 
were never in any political part^F - ., , 
before. It has appealed to a new 
constituency, .anarate from the 
constituency of the old Labour 
and Conservative Parties. 

Vitally, it has established 
constitutional reform — never 1 
seriously .debated inside the La- 
bour Party — as a primary aim. It 
cannot noWv-look ' back, to its 
perceptions. -and ob^ctives five 
years ago. Things have! changed ' 
since then. 

At the SDP. conference in - 
Harrogate next month, the Coun- 
cil for Social Democracy should, 
as it did last year, confirm its 
support for the “New PoUtics*’ " 
and David Owen’s leadership, 

The SDFs historic task of dung- 
ing the political and social con- 
ditions of the British, people 
depends on it 

The author is SDP prospective •- 
parliamentary candidate for Bratl r . 

moreover . . Miles Kington 

Looking down the list of winners 
of the disease-of-th e-month con- 
test over the last few years, I see 
that herpes probably held the title 
longest, followed by anorexia, 
with hepatitis making- a brave 
showing now and again but never 
quite achieving the big break- 
through. _ . ■ 

I sometimes get letters from 
unsuccessful diseases, asking me 
how they can get into the big time, 
and I always tell them: Wait your 
turn! The newspapers will need 
you by and by. You don't have to 
cause an epidemic — you just have 
to be a bit scary, that's all. Think 
of rabies. I tell them. 

Rabies thoroughly deserved to 
be disease of the month a year or 
two back, because it got enormous 
publicity without .ever, being' 
caught by anyone in this country. 
Maximum exposure, minimum 
effect. Day after day we were told 
that 'rabies was raging across 
France and the Low Countries, 
about to enter Britain any day. 
The picture we were given was of 
the cliffs of northern France lined 
with savage dogs, like Napoleon’s 
armies in 1803. ready to invade 
Britain at a moment's notice. On a 
quiet., day, it- seemed, we could 
almost hear their barking across 
the Channel, 

So far rabies. has still not come 
and it has hardly been mentioned 
in any paper for a year. Does this 
mean the threat has receded? 
Have those dogs gone quietly back 
home? No. of course not The 
threat is. if anything, more worry- 
ing than before, especially if the 
Channel Tunnel is to be built 
AH that has happened isJbat the 
newspapers have grown tired of 
rabies. Remember, ‘ what news- 
papers like to do best is stand 
behind a door and jump out when 
you pass, shouting Boo! Or Men- 
ingitis! Or School Bus Horror 
Crash in France! When you stop 
jumping, they go away and think 
of something else to shout 

I ran remember about 10 years 

ago the story of the month being 
Bov Savaged. by Guard Dc* on 
Building Site. No sooner had one 
boy been savaged than- another 
.was savaged and then . another, 
and then there was an outcry,’ and 

then it all stopped. Tbe savaging of 
boys by wild alsatians . didn't stop: 
I mean the-newspaper coverage erf 
it stopped. The only reason that so 
many savagmgs seemed to have 
happened in one month was that 
each newspaper, had to find is 
own savaging, after which they 

Have you noticed that abdi*" 
tion is now the crime of tte 
month? If you read the headline 
Man Held After GirTs Terr* 
Ordeal, you automatically assume 
that tbe girl has been abducted, 
don’t you? That’s because the 
newspapers are -only reporting) 
abductions at the moment 

. The very same .headline, ■ 
couple, of months back, wouw 
have meant a rape to everyone. 

And a few months eadiereverf 
one would have automatical 
assumed it meant a case of dutt* 
battering, because child-battering 
was the crime of the month w 
months on end, and none of d* 
abductions or savaging ofboysef 
building sites were being reported- 
. We are nearly at the end ® 

August now, and 1 am surptised to 

report that there is no defir w&tntf 
yet for the traffic-accident-oRte 
month prize. Unmanned rail**? , 
crossings made, a good' ram 1 
showing, and so did. Coach Cfl® 
Horror in France, but both see® 
to have laded: riot enough stam- 
ina- . , ' . 

I thought tiie motorway crash 10 
France the other day was gofofiJJ 
do well, with a pile-up on one si# 
causing four . deaths and a pfctf 
on the other side- caused 
motorists slowing down to have* 
look, but unfortunately there*** 
no Britons involve^. and it at&i 
quite made it. But; there is 
time for a good air crash, and * 
must be very near the stow^J 
burning season, which'is also#® 
foran outcry. - ■ ■■ ■ i 

Well, that's it for this 
We’ll have another round-up 
month.. Meanwhile, tbe organs*; 
would like to point out that 
are still no entries forihe teft 1 om K 
* 0 airage-of-t he-month' 
and that it is in severedangW® 

not being awarded. All entnra® 
Fleet Street, London, as f»$t f 
possible, please. They need yo& 

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1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 .4100 



Arts, science and Victorian values 

When West Germany's Soda] 
Democrats voted, overwhelm- 


;• ' V 

. > ,■ 

■ »:.* ‘ c - 

*■ N 

of Johannnes Kan for Chan- 
cellor at next January’s par- 
liamentary elections, as they 
did at their party conference 
yesterday, they were doing 
themselves and Herr Ran a 

favour. A less convincing 
majority would have re- 
inforced the impression, al- 
ready established among West 
Germany's political agnostics, 
of a party at odds with itself It 
would also have weakened the 
authority of Herr Ran who was 
provisionally nominated only 
at the beginning of this year. 

But the 425-1 majority for 
Herr Rau can only limit the 

damage his party hag gii dainpH 

in the five years that it has 
been out of power. He now has 
less than five months to unite 
and make credible an oppo- 
sition whose membership har- 
_ hours sympathies as divergent 
as those within Britain's La- 
bour Party. 

On the left, there is un- 
compromising opposition to 
anything nuclear, from US 
warheads to power stations; 
and -support for more public 
spending, even at the nsk of 
increased inflati on. On the 
right there is nostalgia for the 
Ostpolitik of Willy Brandt and 
the international statesman- 
ship, of Helmut Schmidt, and 
fear that West Germany's 
current prosperity could end if 
the policies of good house- 
keeping are allowed to lapse. 

In trying to reconcile these 
two wings, Herr Rau has fallen 
uneasily between the radical 
and the conservative ten- 
dencies of his party. Not only 
dots the election programme 

he presented yesterday risk 
pleasing neither ride, tt also 
panders just enough to the left 
to scare off wavering Christian 


This is especially true of 
foreign policy, where Herr 
Rau's pledge to seek the 
removal of US cruise and 
Pershing missiles from West 
Germany must be a question- 
able electoral asset Dr Kohl 
won the last election for the 
Christian Democrats on this 
very issue, and now the mis- 
siles are in place popular 
opposition to them has de- 
clined further. 

Strong defences against an 
ever-threatening Soviet pres- 
ence in East Germany have 
been consistently supported by 
the centre of West German 
opinion, whose one fear about 
Chancellor Kohl was that his 
tougher line towards Moscow 
would harm relations with 
East Germany. Five years on, 
no perceptible damage has 
been done and the Social 
Democrats can no longer 
claim exclusive rights to 
Ostpolitik. Herr Rau, 
moreoever, has been seen, and 
feted, in Moscow a little too 
often for his own electoral 
good or the good of his party. 

On domestic policy. Heir 
Rau may be on stronger 
ground, but only just and 
perhaps not yet By promising 
to phase out the use of nuclear 
power, he has moved to attract 
those of the electorate who 
veer towards the Greens but 
hesitate before sq uandering 
their vote on a parity of such 
dubious potential However he 
will also have alienated sec- 
tions of the trade union move- 
ment who fear for their 
members' jobs. 

Unfortunately for the Social 
Democrats, it is also question- 
able whether unemployment 
by itself will be a major 
election issue this time round. 

Although West Germany cur- 
rently has two million un- 
employed (out of a total 
population 10 per cent higher 
than that of BritainX youth 
unemployment is largely ob- 
viated by conscription. And 
West Germany still enjoys a 
formidable reputation for its 
education and youth training 
systems, where the mainte- 
nance of standards is asso- 
ciated with the right rather 
than the left 

A more likely social issue for 
the coming election is West 
Germany's unlimited accep- 
tance of asylum-seekers. But 
the Social Democrats cannot 
appeal to popular discontent 
without at the same time 
alienating some of their natu- 
ral supporters and raising un- 
comfortable spectres from the 
past. It is probable therefore 
that the present political 
consensus on the subject — 
that West Germany re mains 
open to genuine refugees — will 
be maintained. 

Whatever the fortunes of the 
Social Democrats between 
now and January — and they 
will doubtless be in inverse 
proportion to the performance 
of the West German economy 
— the party’s election pros- 
pects look bleak. In his key- 
note address yesterday, Herr 
Rau conceded that his party 
was a long way from its goal of 
wresting power. And while his 
assessment may be realistic, it ; 
hardly reflects the confidence 
of which election victories are 



,V. . . Milesfi? 

■or Ail® 
vk Hof* 

The jackals have been at it 
.•2 ■ again, says Mr Ron Todd. Not 
r e-.- the same jackal whom he 
" accused last year of insulting 
the National Union of 
.. 1 Mineworkers (Mr Eric Ham- 
; ~ moncL it should be recalled, 
-17:, had' likened the miners under 
Mr Scaigillfs leadership to 
lions fed : by- . donkeys) but. 
-different . examples, of this 
favourite creature in the Trade 
- v :* Union bestiary. : 

‘ Over the Bank holiday, the 
'-^Transport Workers* boss 
' "^.averred, jackals had been 
. A. 'criticizing Mr Norman Willis 
’ . . A the TUC general secretary and 
, doing it moreover not within 
■ the privacy of the general 
council (where, he implied, it 
: 7 might be in order) but in the 
hearing of journalists. 

Whether there was an Au- 

- gust plot against Mr Willis was 

, i-l. made irrelevant by the speed 
and. vigour with which Mr 
— Todd swung the bestial meta- 
phors in his defence. The 
tllf general secretary will open the 
Jliv TUC annual conference next 
week with the backing of the 
largest ‘ constituent trade 
|JT(I union, and doubtless all will 
'i D agree that the whole event was 
made up by the press. All will 
endorse Mr NeiJ Kinnock's 
v emollient remark of last Octo- 
• : • ber, that there are no animals 
' < in the Labour movement But 
. r > that will not be that 

For it is hardly a secret of 
' Congress House that there are 
... . worries about Mr Willis as an 
- V effective public performer. 
m \<. These are, interestingly 
.enough, parallel to those 
evinced this same August 

across the street from Trans- 
port House at Conservative 
Central Office. They have to 
do with, the word of the 
season, presentation. If better 
presentation means switching 
advertising, agencies, or 
employing for the first time a 
Head-Up. Display Unit for 
better speech delivery (Mr 
Willis wOl be using one at the 
Brighton Conference next 
week), so be it 

Mr Willis is a poor orator. 
Typically, the TUCs chief- 
tains worry more about the 
internal effect of a bad speech 
than how it appears to the 
populace. But even they have 
to acknowledge that the public 
impression given by a ram- 
bling discourse counts if the 
TUC is trying to win the hearts 
and minds of a public which 
has a long memory of unjusti- 
fied industrial action and 
union arrogance. 

Mr Willis has the aspect of a 
fell-guy. He is the titular head 
of a movement fighting eco- 
nomic change and ideological 
dissolution. There is not only 
little love lost between leading 
figures, but their very concep- 
tions of trade unionism in the 
1980s are profoundly opposed. 

Despite the clear evidence of 
public opinion polls and the 
1983 election result, the lead- 
ers of Nupeand Nalgo can still 
hedge their commitment to 
accepting statutory rules on 
ballots for industrial action 
without being prepared in any 
way to relinquish their claims 
to legal privilege. The weasel 
words of the motion on ballots 
for next week — differentiating 

between strikes and other 
industrial action — show how 
great has been Mr Willis's task 
in putting into practice bis 
acceptance that since 1979 
'time has moved on." 

The bulk of the work of a 
TUC . general secretary is 
. bureaucratic diplomacy. It is 
about holding incompatibles 
together: It is about maintain- 
ing, through such bodies as the 
Manpower Services Commis- 
sion and the National Eco- 
nomic Development Office, 
the notion that the TUC is a 
“partner” with government 
rather than a mere interest 

Mr Willis' performance, as 
far as can be judged, in such 
matters is highly competent 
He has been strong in the 
News International dispute 
and has strongly rejected cries 
for the expulsion of the elec- 
tricians. He has, like his 
predecessor Mr Len Murray, 
made much of the ending of 
trade union membership at the j 
Government Communica- I 
tions Headquarters, seeing 
this, rightly, as a promising 
issue of principle. 

Mr Willis is not a Len 
Murray with his Labour 
intellectual's strength, nor is 
he a Feather or a Woodcock. 
But to visit on his head his 
affability is surely wrong. Mr 
Willis is the general secretary 
of a union movement in 
decline, its members puffing 
against a government and 
possibly against the age. To 
maintain even a semblance of 
unity is no mean feat 

Since the report of the 
McClelland Royal Commis- 
sion in Australia on the con- 
duct and consequences of 
British nuclear testing there in 
the 1950s and 1960s, the two 
Governments concerned have 
? - been bar gaining quietly over 
; the exact obligations imposed 
by^ the Commission's in- 
vestigations. There is little sign 
of agreement on at least one 
key issue. 

.. .The Commission advised 
that further investigation of 
lingering plutonium at the 
Maralinga test range be under- 
taken and that any further 
dean-up that was necessary 
should be carried out and paid 
for by the British Govern- 
ment. In common with its 
approach to the Commission 
while it sat, the official British 
response has been cautious 
and minimalist. A more pos- 
itive attitude would be well 

The Hawke government de- 
clined to create the suggested 
Maralinga Commission, set- 
ting up instead a group of 
experts which subsequently 
recommended a fresh research 
programme. London is cur- 
rently being asked to pay half 
of the £1.4m bill; current 
indications arc that it is resist- 
ing this request and the 


Australian minister respon- 
sible, who is due in London for 
talks in October, expects to 
have to renew pressure to split 
the cost when he arrives. 

Technically, of course, Brit- 
ain does not have any dear 
obligations. Two agreements, 
made in 1968 and 1979, dose 
the book. In addition, if Brit- 
ain agrees to overturn those 
agreements it may — but will 
not certainly — affect the 
Government's ability to resist 
many other possible claims 
alleging that safety measures 
were not of the highest pos-_ 
able standard. 

But this is a miserly and 
pedantic stand which govern- 
ments of the future will regret 
if it becomes the beginning and 
end of our case. Britain owes 
Australia a huge debt for 
permission to cany out tests 
which were crucial to the 
creation of a British deterrent 
Twice since the original clean- 
up operation in the 1960s, 
further inquiry has unearthed 
a more persistent and dan- 
gerous problem than had been 
hitherto realised. A new study 
has dow indicated major resid- 
ual health risks; a technical 
group, on which British sci- 
entists were represented, has 

study at modest cost Are we 
really to maintain that because 
of agreements signed in ig- 
norance of this new informa- 
tion this is a purely Australian 

And if Britain accepts, as it 
should, its share of the burden, 
it might as well be ready to 
share some of the real cost 
which lies further down the 
road. The exact size of the final 
bill at Maralinga is unknown, 
but it will be considerable. 
Governments for very natural 
reasons abhor open-ended 
commitments. But this 
particular commitment was 
always destined to be, if not 
open-ended, wide and long- 

The original tests were con- 
ducted in a necessary hurry: 
that does not mean that the 
consequences can be dealt 
with just as briskly. Knowl- 
edge of radiation risks, clean- 
up techniques and public 
awareness of nuclear issues 
have all evolved in the two 
decades since the ranges were 
"‘cleaned up”. By asking an j 
ally for permission to use its 
“natural advantages” (in the , 
words of Sir Robert Menzies) 
for the tests, we put ourselves 
under an obligation which 
overrides the legal agreements. 

From Mr CarreM Barnett 
Sir. In his letter of August 21 
Professor-Sir Geoffrey Eton as- 
sorts (without offering evidence or 
' reasoning) that to blame this 
t country's' poor economic perfor- 

■ mancc on its higher education 
system is "ignorant parrot talk”. 
Yet. from late Victorian Blue 

■ Books through Whitehall in- 
vestigations in the Second World 
War to ream . surveys by the 
Department of Trade and In-- 

. -dustry and other bodies, a con- 
stant theme with regard to 
! Britain's relative industrial de- 
1 dine has Iain in the scarce supply 
l of appropriately educated man- 
agerial and technological talent, 
especially when compared with 
the output of such personnel by 
our trade rivals. 

To cite one outstanding exam- 
ple from the Second World War, 
"technology transfer” in the field 
of radar and radio from the 
brilliant original inventions of a 
handful of world-class scientists 
into series production ofkn for the 
Armed Forces was held up for 
months, even years, because of the 
scarcity of highly qualified tech- 
nical and managerial talent in the 
radio and precision-engineering 
industries. Professor Elton will 
discover this ifhe consults the files 
of the Radio Board and its sub- 
committees in the Public Record 

Moreover, we currently read 
again and again in our newspapers 
(not of course on the literary 
pages) that Britain's development 
of new high technology industries 
is being throttled by lack of 
appropriately qualified recruits. 
More broadly, if Professor Elton 
consults senior industrialists, he 
will find that they will tell him that 
a major problem of company 
development lies in difficulty in 
finding high quality managers. 

Finally. I find it hard to 
understand Professor Elton's 
praise of grammar school educa- 
tion as “mind-stretching” when it 
has traditionally consisted of an 
ever-narrowing specialisation. In- 
deed. I am struck by the illiberal 
nature of the traditional “liberal 
arts” education, in that it exactly 
lacks broad culture and wide 
understanding of the world in 
which we live. 

Surely Professor Handy is right 
(August 22) to call for a much 
wider definition of a “liberal 
education” which would en- 
compass the creative as well as the 
-critical faculties, the solving of 
problems as well as the writing of 

Paying In cathedrals 

from iheSuhdean of Lincoln 
Sir. The Times leader of August 18 
docs not go far enough. The 
English Tourist Board's report of 
1979 on cathedrals and tourism 
canvassed the issues of tourism 
and its effect on cathedrals thor- 
oughly. Indeed, it was that report 
which led to some cathedrals 
joining the originaJ few in setting 
up systems for inviting greater 
contributions from the visiting 
public. None of the solutions is 
wholly satisfactory. I think three 
things are now needed. 

First, the cathedral chapters 
need to take an iniliaii ve to form a 
national trust for the work of 
restoration, conservation and 
preservation of the cathedrals and 
great churches of the nation. It 
should be of such a nature as to 
command credibility and general 
public support. It should establish 
ways and means to subsidise 
works of preservation from the 
fends it can raise, however small 
in the first instance. 

Secondly, the issue of tourism 
itself is too important to be left in 
the present vague area of 
responsibility. Tourism jostles the 
insurance industry as the great 

Asthma deaths 

From Dr K.K. Eaton 
Sir. Dr Wandle’s comment (Au- 
gust 1 9) is incomplete. Asthma has 
an allergic component and treat- 
ment by palliative pharmaceuti- 
cals may be unsatisfactory in the 
presence of cats and dogs. 

However, many asthmatics are 
not sensitive to these. Any sugges- 
tion that such animals must be 
excluded on general principles, if 
wrong, may lead to rejection of 
other sound advice from the same 
source. -Some may prove to be 
sensitive to other factors, such as 
house dust mites, mould, or 
ingcsiant hypersensitivity which is 
almost ignored. 

Yours faithfully. 


The Cedar House. 

Popcswood Road. 



August 20. 

Doing a double-take 

From Mr O. Brooke 
Sir. If the reading of railway 
station names is to be made easier, 
due to readers of The Times 
suggestions (letter. August 25) can 
the same thought be applied to 
reading the names of British 
villages as one approaches and 
leaves them, particularly by car? 

In France, the name of the 
village is written on both sides of 
the same noriceboard. so that you 
have a chance to read the name as 
you enter, if you have missed the 
name, as so often happens, then 
\Ou have a second chance as you 
leave the village. 

It is the ingenious idea of using • 

the one noticcboard. with the 
name of the village on both sides. 1 

that so appeals to me. and it 1 

works. 1 

Yours faithfullv. I 

O. BROOKE ' | 


Beaulieu. ] 

Brocken hursL 

Hampshire. 4 

essays, and would end that false 
I but self-fulfilling polarization be- 

• tween the academic and the 
r vocational originally foisted on us 
» by Victorian schoolics such as Dr 

Arnold. Thring and Moram. and 
i their Oxbridge connections. 

Yours faithfully. 


Churchill Archives Centre. 

I Churchill College. 

: Cambridge. 

August 22. 

> From Sir Jack LongUwd 
■ Sir. Sir Geoffrey Ehon makes a 
’ number of assertions about the 

• state of English education, asser- 
tions untainted by anything so 

i vulgar as evidence. 

' For brevity's sake. I take up one 
only of bis points; “The introduc- 
tion of the comprehensives . . . 
destroyed not only the mind- 
stretching skills of the grammar 
schools but also the technical 
schools . . 

For one thing, the so-called 
tripartite system of secondary 
education had one stunted wing — 
there were extremely few technical 
secondary schools. For another. 
Sir Geoffrey shows no awareness 
of the fan that there have always 
been good grammar schools and 
bad grammar schools. 

I suppose Stratford-on-Avon 
must be awarded a plus, because 
ofShakespeare. Similarly there are 
now good and bad comprehensive 
schools. Let me give just one 

Our local Lady Manners School, 
a Tudor grammar school founda- 
tion. had been for centuries a 
normally good but occasionaUy 
bad school. Twenty or so years 
ago, we converted it into a 
comprehensive school, which still 
provides the membership of the 
local rugby dub and most of the 
local cricketers, too. 

Last year, I understand, our 
excellent headmaster was invited 
by the Headmaster of Shrewsbury 
School to visit him there and 
explain why the BakewelJ com- 
prehensive secondary school man- 
aged to obtain such a brilliant list 
or Oxbridge scholarships and en- 
tries. The answer is simple: it is a 
very good school 
So we'd better forget all this 
doctrinaire nonsense about com- 
prehensive being a dirty word and 
grammar an inherently virtuous 

Yours faithfully, 



BakeweU. Derbyshire 

“invisible” earner in the balance 
of trade. The time has come for a 
- Cabinet-level Secretary for Tour- 
ism (and the Arts?), both to 
promote this considerable but 
complex industry and to protea 
and sustain the substance of it: the 
historic and cultural heritage of 
the nation. 

Thirdly, is it not time for some 
lough thinking about a visitors' 
tax to be collected at entry to or on 
departure from the country? The 
revenue- from such a tax could be 
allocated not only to the crudai 
area of conservation and restora- 
tion of historic buildings but also 
to subsidise and promote the 
kinds of cultural events and 
festivals which simply entertain 
visitors but to sustain which 
becomes more and more a drain 
on local resources and energy. 

Without substantial fresh 
investment of money and 
imagination the whole edifice of 
British tourism may soon be at 
great risk. And not even West- 
minster Abbey's visitors will pull 
it through. 

Yours faithfully. 


The Subdeanery, 


August 22. 

Study of philosophy 

From Dr L Jonathan Cohen. FBA 
Sir. Mr Tom Cross’s letter (August 
20) asserts that British philosophy 
today is predominantly positivist 
in outlook and essentially an 
adjunct or aid to other disciplines. 
He traces its present difficulties to 
this and to its consequential 
preference for critical scepticism 
as against holistic speculation. 

Mr.Cross is obviously unaware 
of how far British philosophy has 
changed from the period of 30 to 
40 years ago when positivism was 
still a serious issue. But tl is also 
hard to believe that Mr Cross can 
be well acquainted with the cur- 
rent climate of opinion in those 
areas of academic policy-making 
that determine financial expen- 
diture. What evidence has he that 
philosophy departments would 
receive a greater share of scarce 
resources if they encouraged more 
holistic speculation? 

The strongest case for fending 
philosophy research in a period of 
recession is that many philos- 
ophers are closely involved now in 
inter-disciplinary inquiries that 
are potentially of great value to the 
community, such as cognitive 
science, linguistic theory, welfare 
economics, or medical ethics. The 
strongest case for fending philo- 
sophical education is that it 
performs exceptionally well at 
training students to think clearly, 
coherently and self-critically 
about novel intellectual problems. 

Of course, no civilised country 
should undertake philosophy just 
for the sake of pay-offs like these. 
Of course, ihcre should be 
opportunities for pure speculation 
as well. Bui those opportunities 
will arise in any case if our 
departments can be saved, and the 
argument for saving them in the 
current harsh state of our national 
priorities is predominantly a 
utilitarian one. 

Your, faithfully. 


The Queen's College. 


Poverty trap on 
mortgage debt 

From Mr Cotin George. JP 
Sir. I am becoming increasingly 
concerned at the hardship caused 
by the rapid rise in mongage 
arrears and foreclosures and the 
new poverty trap that is emerging. 

If an owncr-occupicr becomes 
unemployed there is usually help 
available from social security 
towards the payment of mortgage 
interest, but there is nothing to 
help those in work whose income 
suddenly drops. 

A tenant in those circumstances 
may receive help with the rent and 
general rates, whereas an owner- 
occupier can only receive help 
with the general rates. 

The solution would be for the 
existing housing benefit scheme to 
be extended to cover mortgage 
inicrcsuThis would ensure that 
help is directed to where it is most 
needed — for example, to the 
separated partner remaining in the 
matrimonial home or to the 
husband whose wife has given up 
work to have a baby, struggling to 
pay the mortgage on one income. 

It would be a useful balancing 
factor when interest rates rise, 
which has been the cause of much 
difficulty. Above all. it would 
reduce the undesirable position 
which now prevails when, because 
of housing costs, it is possible to be 
belter off out of work than in 

It could alternatively be the 
formula for an all-party agreement 
to phase out MIRaS (Mortgage 
interest relief at source), which at 
present applies to mortgages up to 

Yours faithfully. 

General Secretary. 

Citizens* Advice Bureau. 

1 8 Nelson Street. 

Southend-on-Sea. Essex. 

August 22. 

Anxiety on the Rock 

From Major R. J. Peliza 
Sir. Former Governor of Gibral- 
tar. General Sir William Jackson, 
in his letter (August 22) omits the 
important point that two out of 
the three political ponies he 
mentions are in serious disagree- 
ment with the Chief Minister on 
the reciprocal removal of the 
guards. Spain's removal of the 
frontier guard would please the 
Chief Minister, but it would not 
justify the withdrawal of the 
British guard to these two political 
parties or the majority of the 
Gibraltarians, for two fun- 
damental reasons: 

~l. Because Britain has no claim to 
the territory on the Spanish side of 
the frontier, but Spain is actively 
pursuing the claim to the isthmus 
(Gibraltar Airport). Therefore the 
removal of the Spanish guard is of 
no diplomatic significance to 
Spain, whilst the withdrawal of the 
British guard without Spain 
renouncing her claim to the 
airport is clearly symbolical of 
possible dire consequences to the 

2. Because one of Spain’s con- 
ditions for removing the guard is 
the dismantling of the frontier 
gates, which the Foreign and 
Commonwealth Office considers 
to be only “premature” at this 
stage, and the present Governor 
has said this question has been lefi 
“on one side for the time being”. 

These moves, at a time when 
the sovereignty of the Rock is 
being currently discussed under 
the Brussels Agreement suggest, 
not just to the “cynics” in Gibral- 
tar. as the General believes, but to 
the population generally, that the 
Foreign and Commonwealth Of- 
fice is not backing Gibraltar as it 

Yours faithfullv. 

ROBERT J. 'PELIZA (former 
Chief Minister of Gibraltar). 

125 Beverley Drive. 



August 22. 

Pastures new 

From Mr J. M. Grant 
Sir. The Third Leader in your 
edition of today's date (August 21) . 
tells us that Australia has the 
economic structure of a Third 
World developing country, but 
that its population enjoys First 
World living standards. 

The Second World would seem, 
by inference, to avoid the prob- 
lems and excesses of both the First 
and Third. Would you. Sir, or one 
of your correspondents, be kind 
cnbugh to tell me where the place 
is. and what it consists of? It 
sounds a splendid place to retire 

Yours faithfully. 




South Devon. 

August 21. 

Awful warning 

From Dr Kieran Sweeney 
Sir. While \ am all in favour of 
speaking and writing plain En- 
glish. "poison” is a term which 
needs more accurate definition 
(letter. August 18). Many medi- 
cines arc beneficial in therapeutic 
doses but poisonous in excess. 

Bui contusion can arise, as with 
the elderly lady whom I treated 
with Warfarin for her venous 
thrombosis. When she realised her 
doctor was feeding her rat poison 
she stopped this and all her other 
medication, refused to sec me. and 
complained to the relevant 

Last I heard, she was doing fine, 
no donor, no medicine. 

Yours sinccrelv, 


34 Denmark Road. 



August 21. 

AUGUST 27 1938 

In 1926 John Logie Baird 
demonstrated his " Televisor ” 
(“On this Day ", January 28. 
1985). On November 2, 1936, 
following the exper im ental 
transmissions to the Wireless 
Exhibition, the worlds first high 
definition fie., 405 tines) 

Alexemdrxi'pahice, north London ; 
there were then about lOOsets in 
the country. 


Fmm out Wireless Correspondent 

The most popular exhibits at 
Olympia yesterday were the dem- 
imstratHins of experimental high' 
definition television from the new 
B.B.C. station at the Alexandra 
Palace, there being a steady stream 
of viewers throughout both periods 
of transmission. The system used 
yesterday was that of the Baird 
Company, while ibe Marconi- 
E.M.L system will be demonstrat- 
ed today. Other London sites 
where many people bad an oppor- 
tunity of witnessing reception were 
at the Baird Company's offices in 
Hayraarket and in a waiting room 
in Waterloo Station. . . . 


The B.B.C. announces that the 
Television Orchestra of 22 players, 
conducted by Mr. Hyam 
Greenbaum. will be televised for 
(he first time today in the variety 
feature, “Here's Looking at You”, 
which forms part of the pro- 
gramme transmitted from Alexan- 
dra Palace for reception on the 
television screens at Radiolympia. 

The following is the approxi- 
mate timetable of to-day's televi- 
sion transmissions by the 
Marconi- ELM. I ays tem:- 

1 1.5T a-m. and 4.27 p.m., tuning 
signal: vision and sound. 

12 noon and 4.30 p.m., signature 
shot of Alexandra Palace Grounds 
with sound commentary by Mr. 
Cecil Lewis. 

12-2 pjtn. and 4 J32 p.m., opening 

12.3 p.m. and 4.33 pun.. “Post 
Haste”, a Grierson -Jennings docu- 
mentary film. 

12.12 p-m. and 4.42 pjn. “Cover 
to Cover”, with Mr. Somerset 
Maugham. Mr. Julian Huxley, 
“Sapper", Mr. T.S.Eliot, Miss 
Rebecca West, and Mr. 

12.30 p.m- and 5 pm,. Gaumont 
British news. 

12.39 pjn. and 5-9 p.m., variety 
feature. “Here's Looking at You", 
with the Three Admirals, Miss 
Helen McKay. The Griffiths 
Brothers and Miss Lutie, Messrs. 
Chilton and Thomas, a Television 
Orchestra feature, and Mr. Leslie 
Mitchell announcing. 

1.9 p.m. and 5-39 pjru, film 
excerpts. As You Like It, with Miss 
Elisabeth Bergner, It's Love Again, 
with Mies Jessie Matthews, The 
Amateur Gentleman, with Mr. 
Douglas Fairbanks, jun . . and Miss 
Elissa Landi, When Knights Were 
Bold, with Mr. Jack Buchanan. 
Two's Company, with Mr. Ned 
Sparks and Mr. Gordon Marker, 
Rembrandt, with Mr. Charles 
Laughton and Miss Gertrude Law- 
rence, and Show Boat, with Mr. 
Paul Robeson. 


The possibilities of television in 
the home were shown in a private 
demonstration yesterday in the 
offices of Baird Television, Limit- 
ed, in the Haymarket. The first 
and most obvious point in its 
favour is its compactness. The 
receiving set is contained in a 
cabinet no larger than the ordinary 
radio gramophone, which it resem- 
bles. And although it was explained 
several times during the pro- 
gramme that the demonstration 
was no more than experimental, to 
the unpractised eye the result was 
remarkably satisfactory. 

In the programme of films and 
“direct” performances that was 
shown the pictures of single per- 
sons and scenes free of intricate 
details were more successful than 
those In which the miniature 
. screen was crowded. At present the 
most noticeable Saws in this new 
entertainment are a tendency to 
flicker, which it shares with most 
of the old silent films, and a curious 
and mieaay shifting of parts within 
the image which is peculiar to 
itself. The latter appears most 
often when the pictures shown are 
themselves still, as in “Post 
Haste". Mr. John Grierson's docu- 
mentary film, which is composed 
entirely of photographs of old 

One of the most interesting 
aspects uf the demonstration was 
the inclusion of an ordinary news 
film, since a popular part of the 
service by the B.B.C- has always 
been its news bulletins. . . . 

Upstairs, downstairs 

From Miss Frances Vernon 
Sir. In 1851 it took seven months 
to build the Crystal Palace. In 
1986. it takes two years - 1 beg Dr 
Fnzhugh’s (August 22) pardon. 18 
months — to replace a couple of 
lifts at a Tube station. 

Go think of modem manage- 
ment in silence and alone. 

Yours faithfullv. 


33 Regent’s Park Road. NW|. 
August 22, 

Pot luck 

From Mr L D. Mackirdy 
Sir._ In Tasmania, customers arc 
in \ iied to state their preference for 
coffee when ordering Devonshire 
cream teas (letter. August 22). 
Yours nostalgically. 


21 Beech Court. 

Pocklingion. York. 

August 22. 












































August 26: The Princess of 
Wales, having travelled in an 
aircraft of The Queen’s Flight 
this morning visited Roxburghe 
House at the Royal Victoria 
Hospital, Jedburgh Road, 

Her Royal Highness. Presi- 
dent Dr Bamardo’s, later vis- 
ited the Dundee Family Support 
Team at 14, Dudhope Street, 

Miss Anne Beckwitb-Smith 
and Lieutenant-Commander 
Richard Aylard. RN were in 

Birthdays today 

Sir Donald Bradman, 78; Sir . 
Stewart Crawford, 73; Mr John 
Daly, 56; Lady Antonia Fraser. 
54; Vice-Admiral .Sr Peter 
Gretton. 74; Mr Michael 
Holroyd, 51; Sir Alexander 
Johnston. 81: Mr John Lloyd. 
32: Sir John Lomax. 90; Mr 
James Mofyneaux. MP. 66; the 
Right Rev Richard Rutt 61: 
Mother Teresa, 76; Sir Charles 
Trough ton, 70;. Mr Andy 
TiunelL 38; Lord Winstanley, 
68 . 


The Bake of Westm in ster to be 
President of the Royal National 
Institute for the Blind, in succes- 
sion 10 the Dote of Devonshire. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr P.A. Cheese 
and Miss F.C. Robertson 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter Ayrton, twin son 
of Dr and Mrs John Cheese, of 
60. London Road. Canterbury, 
Kent, and Fiona Claire, younger 
daughter of the late Mr and Mrs 
Iain Robertson, of Staplefield, 
West Sussex. 

Mr J-E. McClellan 
and Miss SJL. PetzoU 
The engagement is announced 
between James- Ed ward, only 
son of Mr and Mrs Anthony 
McClellan, of Brussels, Bel- 
gium. and Susan Leigh, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs John 
Petzold, of Horsham, West 

Mr ML Coghlan 
and Miss C.CJB. HOI 
The engagement is announced 
between MichaeL elder son of 
the late Kenneth Coghlan and of 
Mrs A. E. B. Coghlan. of 
Milland. Liphook. Hampshire, 
and Catharine, elder daughter of 
Mr David HiO. of Waigrave, 
Berkshire, and of Mrs E. Gar- 
nett. of Roke. Benson, 

Mr DJ. Percy 
and Miss GJL Ni 

The engagement is announced 
between Duncan, younger son 
of Mr and Mrs D. F. Percy, of 
Maidenhead. Berkshire, and 
Geraldine, younger daughter of 
Mr and Mrs D. w. S. Newman, 
of Appleby-in-Wesiraotiand, 

Sheringhain Hall, which the National Trust plans to let privately, sera from across the lake. 

National Trust to buy Norfolk estate 

Mr NJ. Daymoud 
and Miss K.E. Randall 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas Joseph, son of 
Mr and Mrs Mark Dayraond. of 
Ealing. London. W5. and Kate 
Elizabeth, daughter of Mrs 
Jenny Randall of Ealing, Lon- 
don, W13. 

Mr DJ*. Sefig 
and Miss KJJL 



Mr D-A. Freedman 
and Miss EJ-L Allsopp 
The engagement is announced 
between David, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs H. Freedman, of 
Stanmore. Middlesex, and 
Elizabeth, younger daughter of 
Mr and Mrs M. J. Allsopp. of 
Woodstock. Oxfordshire. 

The engagement is announced 
between David Paid, son of Mr 
and Mrs A. E. A. Selig. of 
Bellevue HilL Sydney, Austra- 
lia. and Katrina Jane Beatrice, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs G. W. J. 
Penrose, of Edgecilff Sydney. 

Mr MJ8. Gimson 
and Miss HJL Scott 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, only son of Mr 
and Mrs F. S. A_ Gimson, of 
Che&hunt. Hertfordshire, and 
Helen, only .daughter of Mr and 
Mrs A. J. M. Scon, of 
Brookmans Park. Hertfordshire. 

Mr I.C. Silvester 
and Miss J-AJL Airey 

The engagement is announced 
between lain Charles, son of Mr 
and Mrs Roy Silvester, of 
Falkirk, Stirlingshire, and Juliet 
Anne Rosemary, daughter of Mr 
and Mis John Airey, of 
Da tch worth, Hertfordshire. 


Mr J.R. Heath 
and Miss PJL Hunt 
The engagement is announced 
between John, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs S. R. Heath, of Tor- 
quay. Devon, and Polly, youn- 
ger daughter of Dr and Mrs R. F. 
Hunt, of Huntshaw, north 

Mr GA. Joly de Lotbinttre 
and Miss EJF. Phelan 
The engagement is announced 
between Guy. eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs Anthony Joly de 
Lotbiniere. of London, and 
Elizabeth, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs John Phelan, of New 
York City. The marriage will 
take place in Italy in October. 

Mr SD. Ball 

and Mbs S. Hampson 

The marriage took place on 
August 16, at the Church of St 
Peter in the parish of St Pierre, 
Chepstow, between Mr Stephen 
David Ball, son of Mr and Mrs 
D. R. Bali, of Camel ford, Corn- 
wall. and Miss Susan Hampson, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs L T. 
Hampson. of Rhiwbina, Cardiff. 

The National Trust is In the 
process of buying a major part of 
the Shermgham Hall estate on the 
north Norfolk coast. 

The price has not been revealed, 
bet the trnst says it is negotiating 
the purchase with the help of a 
National Heritage Memorial 
Fond grant and a legacy from a 
supporter. It intends to launch an 
appeal for farther funds. 

Shermgham Hall and its park 
were designed by Humphry 
Repton, the architect and land- 
scape gardener, earlier last cen- 
tury for Abbot Upcher, whose 
family owned the estate until the 
death of Mr Thomas Upcher last 

It looks out at the North Sea 

over a coastline designated by the 
Nature Conservancy Council as 
being of special scientific interest. 
The trust hopes to acquire some 
800 acres of the 1,400 acres 
property, which Repton regarded 
as his masterpiece, dedaring it “a 
specimen of iny art, as I never 
before had an opportunity for 

The park contains rare rhodo- 
dendrons, azaleas, and numerous 
examples of unusual trees. The 
late Mr Upcher opened the 
grounds on a number of days each 
year, but the trust Intends to allow 
public access all the year round. 

Mr Thomas Upcher wanted the 
estate to pass to the trust after his 
death, but the trustees were not 

able to make an outrfoht gift The 
present resources of the estate, 
plus its running costs, have com- 
bined to lead them to sefl. 

The National Trust had the 
support of the North Norfolk 
District Council and other in- 
terested bodies who feared the 
property might otherwise go to an 
owner who would cease to open it 
to the public. 

The trust says the hall, started 
in 1812 but not completed until 
1839, is unsuitable for regular 
opening to the public, and plans to 
let it privately. However, it hopes 
to buy the portrait collection and 
furniture and other items particu- 
larly associated with the Upcher 

RAFVR service 

Mr J. Lock 
and Mis J. Baker 

The marriage took place re- 
cently in London between Mr 
John Lock .and Mm Jennifer 
Baker, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Arthur Skeet. of Hook Heath, 

A service to commemorate the 
fiftieth anniversary of the 
formation of the Royal Air 
Force Volunteer Reserve will be 
held at St Cement Danes at 
1 1.00 am on Sunday, October 
19. 1986. 

Applications for tickets, 
accompanied by a stamped self- 
addressed envelope, should 
reach the Ministry of Defence. 
SlOsfAir), Room 607, Adastral 
House, Theobalds Road, Lon- 
don WC1X 8RU, by September 
17. 1986. Applications received 
after that date may prove un- 
successful and. if the demand 
for tickets is excessive, it may be 
necessary to restrict the issue of 
tickets or hold a ballot. Those 
who are ex- Volunteer Reserve 
should state this when applying 
to enable them to be appro- 
priately seated at St Cement 

Tickets and a note about dress 
for the occasion will be issued 
seven to ten days before the 
service. Applications should not 
be made to St Cement Danes. - 

Latest wills 

Christiane Aimee Mart he 
Elisabeth Le Ricqve, of London 
5W1 5, domiciled in France, left 
estate in England and Wales 
valued at £273,369 net. She left 
the entire sum to the Imperial. 
Cancer Research Fond. 

University news 


Ca m bridge 

The following elections 
awards have been made: 


Elections to FoundxUoii scholarships. 
J E Baer. R D Bamoeiu. j j 
Bawnbero. M R Broom. RPL Qmy 
IBriHtteujT M P CMppetfieM. S A 
Cooke OjevX M CroasTffA Fimas. A P 
Fox CScMtn. K F FOX (Marshall}- A B 
GfflL H L GUmour. J J G&nbteU 
(SchifO. P M Glare. M C Harrison. D 
Jaslu T J K ear (SammjBeL R F J 
NBO. R C Nolan Stem). S A 

and A D 

R C J 

tecoBo wao at 
unrt 1A 

roatheniaacs): Sir Denys Page Travel 
^■or student ■ 

Aware, travel to Greece for sax 
ctaaricK C w WMtaher; Suteect 



(require a Finso- 

Languaaoes < excluding Greek): J E 
Baer. R FJ Kent natural sctanM* R 
D BamflekL J J Bau mbern: A B ail: 
computer science: I C Mercer: PftUos- 
aptay: R C Nolan. 

Osborne (SWrae). C C Parker. M J £ 

Peretvai (Sykes). J T Perrett. H . 
Pumphrey. K S Sebae-Monleflore. M 
K Smith. K A Snath. M F Wade (ujl 
M J L Wedd. J R Wilson (Sykes). W-Y 
Yuen (Lev). 


Elected to scholarships as a raeatt of 
their performance tn Tripos mcanana- 
thus: First Year: DS GoXUatt (medical 
sciences). P E Hunter (engineering). L 
A H JMO (archaeology and amaropB. 
ogy). G L Jones mathematics}. G D 
Moggridge (natural sciences). M A 
Seed (mathematics). M C R Wrtgbt 

Elections M Titular exhibitions. 

M S BhdcnelL A Doswood. J A 
Dawswell. A T Earl. D B Gutman. A R 
Ginger. C Goodertram. M a Green. S 
JaBands. I T Jones. V T lamb, a e d 
P atterson. D S Pining. D H Price, s E 
c Shirley. F M Smdatr. M L D 
Smithson. R S Yates. 

Second year: A G Anderson (engineer- 
ing), A J Barrett (natural sciences). A 
' " totory). M Hairy (nudg. 

(classics). E G Kantaru 
wages). H M Kingston 


Renewal of scholarship ter one yean 

P J Day (SterneX 

>( exhibitions lor one year: R 

Rtnrwai of ( 

E I EfflOtL C R Mason CSCMflL J M P 
CGorman (SchlSX J A Verity 

EhcOons to Foundation exhibitions. 

R BadaraL R G J Bass. R E Band. A J 
Brasses. N J GanUngley. C A HoiweCL . 
D R T Robinso n . CW A WhUakar. 


Casta prize: A D D embamn: fCeDen R 
D BarafleM. R A FlnnJs. D S Lxvhl M 
JJL PerdvaL M F Wade: Fair®M: P M 
Glare (Greek slothes): NewUng: A P 
Fox i part 1 history); ntglncan . w-Y 
Yuen (part IB engineering): 
Duckworth: J T Perrett (nais ia and 
IB medical 9dencesK Russell Vide M 
J L Wedd (bw) Gray reading prizes 
A L Vote# fChapeD. E woollett (Ham: 
Prawen D S PflHnB (dramatic ertn 
dsra): Morgan: A W SoJornoti (EngifeUi 
any): Spencer Jones: M F wade 
(Part 2 matberaatScs). 

Samuel Taylor Goleridge. “an 
outstanding tripos _ performance in 
Engiiait or tn any other Arts soUecr*: 
K sebag-Monteflore (Englisti mpos 
part zy. ware M C Harmon (part IB 
mathemancs): MMOuw M R Broom 

MGregory (history) 

J R Hod«»on (class) . 

(modern languages). __ 

(medical sciences*. M _ r . 

(maihematlcs). Gw Lyons (natural 
sdencesL MIF Nnyts Cmatheroadcai. 
D C OTEhten (engineering^ J A F 
Roberts (Oriental studies). D Syer 
(natural sdaxts) A M Thytor 
Cwathemallcs). A P Thomas (philos- 

Third and Higher Yean: D p 
Aganoff (natural sdmeu. psyrtK*- 
ogyL D L Saddle! (EngUstu. S A 
Baiter dawx a n R Bancor (OmUM. 
C E Bird (natural sciences, chemistry). 

_ _ -ai sciences. 

physics). M 

N J Burroughs (natural : 
physics and theoretical phy 
Davies (arewtetfune). H F 

Davies (archtteidiire). H F Dawker 
(mattieniatlCsL D M EMon (econom- 

Ksj. R H Fames unusto. C L E Foster 
(dasotes): R ■ Gardiner (EMUstiL M E 
Landon (cla ssics). A R Lyons 

(mathematics). H 

. 1 T N^joey (mathemat- 
ics). K X Nath (engineering). C E 
Palmer (modem languagux T M 
Pow ; - Davies (education). G S Pwnafl 
(EngHshX. W J Rentoid (natural 
sciences, nsycholooy). T M SaimH 
(mathematics). D w N Sharp (elec- 
trical sci en ces). M J c C_ 8mlQi 

(electrical sdenon). 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and hi Memoriam 

£4 a Km + 15% VAT 

(minimum 3 lines) 

Annou nc ements. aulbcnUaued by Use 
nunc and permanent address of the 
sender, may be sem to: 

P0 BOX 484 
Vlrgroia Street 
London El 9XS 

or utepbonod (^tel^tanc snbs- 

ciben only) iw 1 

Anno u ncemen ts can be received by 
tetephone between ‘J.OOam and 
5 JOpm Monday » Friday, on Satur- 
day between i.OOam and 12 noon. 
Al-411 (OH oafy). For publicaiion (be 
loOowing day by lJOpm. 

etc on Court and Social Page IS > In 
+ m MKt. 

Court and Social Pap: annoaccmcnU 
can not be acc epted by ickphonc. 
Enquiries be DF422 *S6S 
(after 1 030am L or send io: 

1 Fntagtaa SMat UMhn El VOL 

Please allow at least 48 hours before 

My grace n wdlnnil lor wee: (or my 
slrenaUi k made perfect In wtlmn.. 
2 Oorminuits 12 9 


ASKEW . On 2Stti AugosL In London 
to Rosemary and Henry, a son. 
BALLARD On August 23(4 to Anne 
(nee Morrell) and John, a son. John 

On August 19Ul at The Maty 

Stanley Nursing Home. Bridgwater, 
io Charlott* inee 

i Brewi and Jeremy. 

a daughter. Katharine Lucy Victoria. 

BUTT - On August 22nd. at Epsom 
District H0SPU3L lo JwUh and 
Michad. a daughter. Catherine 

CHASE ■ On 2Sth AugusL 1986. to 
Erika (rife Runt) wife of David 
Otase. a soil 

CHURCH On 83rd August to Maria 
and Tim. a daughter. Francesca Re- 
gina Marta. 

DYSON on the 26th August at Queen 
Charlotte's Hospital to Belinda (nde 
Gibbs) and John a boy. 

GOODWIN - On I6tti August. 19BC. at 
The Carden Hospital, to Laura and 
Paul, a daughter. Charlotte Mary 

GRAY • On August 24Ui at Westmin- 
ster Hospital to Catherine (n it 
Naylor) and William, a son. 

GREGORY - On August 2Sth_ lo 
Penelope (nfe Lattmarjand Stuart a 
son. Mark Cohn 

HOLT • On August Mth. to Christ! and 
David, a daughter. Victoria Emily 
Lucinda Marfa. 

KENNAHD On August 

2dih.mKlngsdawn. Bristol to vatnl> 
ca and John, a daughter. Laura. 

LMNG - On August 23rd. U Fiona (dm 
B rooke-Hunl) and Anthony, a son. 

La FLUTY ■ On August 26lh. at The 
Rosie Maternity HespUaL Cam- 
bridge. lo Patricia and Mlctiad. a 
son. Edward John. 

LOWLESS ■ On August 24th. at Exe< 
ter. to Honor ntee Neath) and Peter, a 
daughter. F el Idly, a sister for 

MARSHALL - On August SUL in 
Sydney Australia to Suzy (nee 
Sellers) and Bob. twin girts. Sarah 
and Caroiin. sisters for Louise. 

MASSEY -On August 22nd. m Tarbes. 
Franc*, to Anne^terte utee GrOnn 
de Gottrau) and Malcolm, a son. 
wnuam David. 

On August 22uL to Judy 
(nte Unwin) and Richard, 
daughter. Hden. 

MEVBJX • On August 13th. at St 
Paul's. Cbdtentam. to Janet gate 
Theobald) and Peter, a daughter. 
Sara Clare. 

tOWLOVE - On 2lst AugusL at 
TheRoyal Sussex County, to 
Sarahdtee CUfford) and Peter, a son. 
Richard Arthur CUfford. a brother 
for Soph ia. 

HUWEII - On August lath, to Sarah 
Jane <n4e Jostlnl and Alan, a son. 
Andrew JosUn. a brother for Kather- 
ine and Chrtstofhr- 

SU7CH - On 24th Angus at Saint 
Teresa’s HospitaL Wknbledoa. to 
Bddcy (nte Tddumuu and An- 
drew. a son. Frauds Timothy 
Edward, a brother for James. 

THOMAS ■ On Monday August 2Sth. at 
The Royal Free HospitaL 
Hampstead, to Marties and Harvey, 
the gift of a daughter. Lead Christine, 
a sister Ibr Leah Elisabeth. 

WIX On August 21st to Carolyn and 
Jonathan, a daughter (Amelia Edith), 
sister for James. 


DAVEY : HUGHES - On August 25th. 
at St Foeck Church. Frock. Truro, 
Martin to Nina- 


on August 25th. pcacenuty 
at her home tn her 96th yes’. Flor- 
ence (Ray) widow or George 
Downton Bawdoi and mother of 
Joan Rice. A much loved mother, 
grandmother and great-grandmoth- 
er. Cremation ai West Herts 
Crematorium. North Watford, on 
Friday August 29th at iiJOam. 
Family flowers only. Donations U de- 
sired io Help the Aged. St James' 
Walk. London ECL 

CANAWAY. Paul Robert. MJL.. Sud- 
denly at Glasgow in his sleep, aged 
27. Deeply mourned by Ids family 
and friends. Funeral ai Si Wystan's 
Church. Repton. at 2pm. on Thurs- 
day. 28th A ugust , followed by 
committal at Repum Cemetery. 

CHALMERS On 22nd August. Sara, 
tragically ta Geneva, aged 20. Deeply 
loved daughter of Lisa and lan and 
sister of James. Francesca. Nicholas 
and Charlotte- Funeral, private, at 
All Saints Church. Mattham. Ox- 
fordshtre. SCth AugusL Flowers lo 
Rowland Bros. 301 Whitehorse 
Road. West Croydon. 

: On August 23rd. suddenly at 

In Brussels. Robert John 
Ounran LMdJr Cheync. also of 
Studio Cottage. Pol man. Cornwall. 
Beloved husband of Elizabeth and 
dear fa 1 her of Sandra. SaKyann and 
Suzanne Funeral in Brussels on 
Thursday August 28Ui. 

COTTOH - On August 21 sl suddenly In 
her 56th year. Sheila Elizabeth, dar- 
Uog wife of Roger and loving mother 
of Andrew and Richard. Service at St 
Mary's. Plundree. Nottingham. Fri- 
day August 29th HUOhil followed 
by private cremation. No Bowers by 
request but donations welcomed tn 
Cancer Research Cainpatgu. Notting- 
ham. May God gtvs her peace alter 
an the turmofi. 

CURHKY On 23H AugusL after a 
short illness. Ian Co&onte. late of 
Huntingdon, beloved husband of 
Jane and father of Anthony and 
Marianne. Private funeral tn Lancas- 
ter. No Rowers mea s e 

DEAKM - On 23rd August 1986. 
peacefully al Honeywood Howe. 
Rowhook. Matty Hordern widow of 
Verdin Deakin and much loved 
mother of Shirley. Diana 2nd Chris- 
topher. Funeral Service an Monday 
1st September at SI Janus' Chdtoh. 
Abitvger Common at 11,00am. Fam- 
ily Bowers only tut donations to Si 
James' Church may be sent to the 

GAMY - On August 23rd. suddenly at 
home. Norman Walker, aged 77. 
much loved h u sb a nd of Marion, fa- 
ther of Peler. Ian and Judith and 
grandfather of RactwL Catherine and 
Jennifer. Funeral Service at 
Bucktand Parish Church. Nr Aston 
CUnion. Aylesbury. Monday 1st Sep- 
tember. at 2JSDpm. 

suddenly on Friday. 22nd 'August 
1986. Cremation 29th August 1986 
al Falconwood at 10.1 Bara. Floral 
tributes to Kidbroofce School. Corrib 
Road. London SE3. 

HOPE - On August 24th. 1906. peace- 
fully in hospital. The Reverend ton 
George Hope of Bournemouth. For- 
merly Oontpegackma] Minister at 
Draytsden: Milton. Rochdale and 
MBnrow; and Pokesdown. Bourne- 
mouth. Beloved husband of the late 
Margaret Hive, dear father or Ann. 
and only eon of the late Reverend 
and Mrs w G Hope. Funeral Service. 
Monday. 1st September. 12 noon at 
Immanuel United Reformed Church. 
Southbourne. Bo ur nemo u th, fol- 
lowed by commital at Bosco m be 
Cemetery. Arra n gements entrusted 
to DerioScotL Portman Lodge Fu- 
neral Home. Christchurch Rd. 
Bournemouth, to wbome floral trib- 
utes may be sent. 

HULL. Mary Cicely On Augud 23rd. 

-1986. ai Crowswood Cottage. UtUe 
Saxharn. Suffolk, aged 80. Dearly 
loved and much mtsecd by her bus- 
band Raymond, her children Roger. 
Janet. Carolyn and Alasialr and 
fourteen grandchildren. Service at 
Little Saxharn Church on Friday. 
29Ui August at 2pm. No flowers 
please, but donations U desired to 
The Asthma Resea rch Council c/o F 
ChiUnham & Son. 23 Mustow SL 
Bury SI - Edmunds. 

LEKDON - Gladys, peacefully at an 
Eastbourne rest borne on August 
22nd. Much loved by an her family. 
Reunited now with bo- betoved hus- 
band Ray and daughter Jay. 
Thanksgiving Service on Friday 
29th August ll.dS am at WBUngdan 
Parish Church. Family flowers only 
bat donation if desired to Imperial 
C anc er Research Fund. p.o. box 
123. Lincoln's bin. Flew. London. 

MAIB O mtU Y K - On August 22nd 
peacefully after a courageous fight 
against cancer at St Mary's Hospital. 
Bristol Meroette Florence Afntee 
(aunty), eldest daughter of me late 
Hyacinth and George Stump, and 
widow of Pierre. Much loved aunt 
and great aunt of Jacguettne. John. 
MichaeL MarceUe. Veradgue. 
babeHe. Sena. Guido and 
Alexander. Osmatton at Canto rd 
Crematorium. Westbary-cn-Trym. 
Bristol, on Friday. August 29th. at 
&20pra. Ftowera to Thomas Davis 
Chapel of Rest. Soufhvme. Bristol. 

MAN - On Sunday August SMfa. 1986. 
peacefully after a long fQziev, borne 
wHb great courage. Morgan Charles 
Carnet Man CMjG. DJ—Of Samzwr 
Cottage. Preston Candovcr. Hamp- 
shire. most dearth loved husband at 
Peg and adored father or Rosamond 
and Pixie. Funeral Private. 

MARSHALL Virginia • On August 
23rd. peacefully, mother of Delia. 
Leo and Veryan. grandmother and 
great-grandmother. Funeral Service 
at St Just-to-Rosdand Church on 
Friday. 29* AugusL at 2J50pin. tal- 
lowed by cranatton at Penmount for 
the fondly only. Flowers to Mb' 
Preston 0326 27064S. 

MARTEN - Rotten Nevtneon. aged 81. 
peacefuRy on 24th August 1986. At- 
fecttonateiy known as Bobby to those 
who loved Mm. Funeral Service M St 
Catherine's Church. New Oom Cate. 
London SE14 at 11 46am on Man- 
day September 1st- No flowers by 
request. Urinations to Bristow Ward, 
Si Thomas' Hospital. SEi. 

MOHAN-Qn August 22nd, in hOOPRaL 
Maiste. dearty beloved sfsteiMB-iaw 
and aunt Funeral to be arranged - 
Walton on Thames. 

'. Fred John • On 22nd AugusL 
of Fribham. Sussex, previously of SI 
Simon's Ave. Putney. London, be- 
loved husband of SybiL dearly lowed 
son and rather, headmaster of Norfc 
Park School Suddenly ai mb home, 
wu be sadly mused by all who knew 
him.' Family Rowers only, donations 
if desired for The West Sussex 
Ambulance Service, may be sent to 
Reynolds Funeral Directors. 5i High 
SL Bognor Regis. 

NORTON-DAWSON: On 24th. AugusL 
1986. peacefufiy at home. Estelle 
Irene CSteOaL aged 88 vears- Prtvate 
cranadon. Memorial service on Sat- 
urday. Se ptember . 13th. at 3-30 pm. 
at Compton Chambert a yoa. The 1-10 
pm train from Waterloo to Sal isb ur y 
win bemeL Donations. If deshed. to 
the Salisbury ctebedera! 


OWBEN On Angnst 18th. at home af- 
ter a long period of tn heatth. 
courapeously endured. Maxy Marga- 
ret (Peggy) aged 78 years. Most 
predous mother of Barbara and Mar 
garet and a dearly beloved widow of 
Mator Hebert O'Brien MBE. Service 
and Requiem Mass at Saint Anne'S 
Church. Ashton-under-Lyme. on 
Thunday August 28th at 1.10 pen 
followed by interment al Hurat Cem- 
etery. Ashton-under-Lyme at 
2.00pm. Enquires in Frank Massey 
and Son. DufdngaekL to : 061 399 

REDMAN • on August 21 sL Charles 
Gordon Came aged 85 of Kibes Cot- 
tage. RoSher n efd Greys. Henley. 
I^oved husband of Jean, loving ea- 
rner of CflHan and Judith and a 
devoted grandfather. Private family 

ROCKE Waiter Howard 

fiockeJieloved father at fimn and 
Mark and grandfather or Ltea. MKky 
and ndcheOe .Past away peacefully in 
Nlmes. _FTrance 23rd August 1966. 
SUlfWADE on August 17 1986 at 
home in London Her Royal Highness 
Otari Oyetunte Situwade. A forewett 
wrilw will be held In Canterbury 
Cathedral on Thursday August 28Ui 
ai 12 noon- A reception Mil be ihm 

afterwards at the Chaucer Hotel Can- 
terbury. The burial wm lake place at 
Ite-He. Nigeria on September 200i 

STATELY - On August 25th. suddenly 
at King Edward VI 1 Hospital. 
MsSwrsL Gordon HR Stopely. for- 
merly Director of Carlton sthmme 
Cremation private. 

STEVENS On August 23rd 1966. 
peacefully ai home to hfe garden. 
Dallas Stevens, dearly loved Hus- 
band of Marlon and much loved 
Father and Grandfather. Funeral 
Service at SL Leonard's Church. 
Sumdngwett on Monday September 
1st at 2J0pm. Family ftowera only 
please. Donattons may be tent for SL 
Leonard's Church Restoration Fund 
uk D.GJ_ Stevens. Ftmcombe cud 
Boors HQLQxford to menuny of 

WALKER - On August 05th. 1966. at 
her home in South Crayden. Anita 
Margaret Walker (nie Coghlan) (tear- 
hr loved wife of Peter and loving 
mother of Trevor. Lynda and Fiona. 


BULL -A Thanksgiving Service for the 
life of Robin Hull wto be held at St 
Augustine's Ctnoxh. Broxbouma. on 
Thursday. 28th AugusL al 2pm, No 
dowers by request . 

LAWRENCE - A Memorial Sendee for 
Hoy Lawrence win be heM 00 
Friday. 5th September. 1986 at 
2J0ren at St Giles Church. Hoisted 
Keynes. Sussex. 


BRIAN EKTEM - tn ever loving 
memory of Brian, dearly bared son or 
Queenie and the late Harry Epstein, 
and brother of CUve. Sadly missed 
and always remembered fey all wbo 
knew Mm. 


Cooke prizes: J KStreeLK I M Gogtov 

Glynn prizes: D J Champ. 
Durham: F P Bedford prize for 
zoology: A P Gould: Doncaster prize 
for history: A M Gregory: Hurst prize 
for law: S-A Bather: Maca ulay prize 
for engtaealnK D C CBrictr Mania- 

gue-Bartow prizes far ec onom ics mid 

modern languages: D M EIUolL-C E 
Palmer: Powefl prizes for natural 
sciences and. medical admass: H M 
Kbiosum. G W Lyons. D Bar: 
Richards prize M A. Landon. _ 
AddlOonal Rtehmtts .prizes: C E 
Bird. N J B ur rou gh s. R H Fames. C L 

E Foster. A R Lyons. K K Nath. T M 

PovA- naytes. T M Sam*. SN P 
Smith. J J S Watts: G H W Rylands 
prizes for EntfUsh: D L BaMfl. R I 
Gardiner: G H w Rylands prize for 
archuecture or history of' art: M 

Guns bag 

The first session of modem 
and vintage sporting guns at 
Sotheby’s two-day sale at 
Gfeneagles Hotel realized 
£360,668, the highest total 
achieved by that auction 
house ibr a sale of guns. 

The top price was £29,700, 
an auction record for con- 
ventional game guns, paid by 
a Scandinavian private buyer 
for the 1980 Game Conser- 
vancy pair of Holland and 
Holland 12-bore guns. 

A garahme (set of time) 
David McKay Brown l24oie 
round-action riector guns with 
engraving by. Malcolm 
Appleby, completed in 1982, 
sold for £19,800. And a fine 
pair of J. Purdey 12-bores, 
built in 1902, fetched £15,950. 
These guns, which have 
hardly been used and have 
been m the same family since 
new, were sent to the sde from 

British bridge 
team named 

The British Bridge League has 
announced that the team to 
rmresent Groat Britain in the 
1987 European Bridge 
Championship to be held at the 
Metropole, Brighton, from Au- 
gust 1-14, will be 
R_ S. Brock and A. R. 
Forresten-M. J. Flint and R- M. 
Sheehan; J. M. Armstrong and 
G. T. Kiiby. Non-playing cap- 
tain: R. A. Friday. 

Science report 

Grasses which could 
yield fuel in the future 

By John Newell 

Fast-growing grasses coold 
become a source of energy in 
the next decades and help to 
COD the gap as Europe's supply 
of oil and gas begins to 

These U su per grasses” 
would grow on waste lands 
msuitaSle for conventional 
agricuttare and could be har- 
vested to be distilled into so- 
called producer gas to use as 

Such energy crops could 
never provide more than a tiny 
part of Britain's need because 
of our intensive use of land. 
Bntb France and some other 
parts of Europe gas distilled 
from fast growing grass grown ~ 
oa otherwise useless fend 
could become an important 
soarce of energy. 

Biologists at Essex Univer- 
sity recently identified three 
species of presses which grow 
ranch faster than the avenge 
for their; 

baa way that 
is typical of tropical, rather 
than temperate plants. This 
makes afl three grasses poten- 
tial candidates for ftrtnre en- 
ergy crops. 

Tropical plants photo- 

oriifoiw using a different 
biochemical pathway from 
that used by temperate plants. 
Tropical photosynthesis is so- 
called C4 photosynthesis 
which is 40 per 'cent more 
efficient than the C3 photo- 
synthesis, tsed by temperate 


The first requirement for 
energy crops Is that they 
should trap solar energy as 
efficiently as- possible. The 
value of an energy crop de- 
pends upon the acreage winch 
has to be planted to obtain, a 
given yield and that hi turn 

depends upon the effititacy of 

Crops and trees using C4 
photosynthesis are death, 
nod candidates but very few 
C4 crops are able to saetrive 
the winter in temperate areas. 

Dr Steve* Long and Dr 
Marion Bingham have found 
two species of grasses which 
grow in Canada and one which 
grows in Weston Europe 
which are C4 photo-, 
synthesizers and yet are able 
tB withstand severe winters. 

AO three are tall-growing, 
long-lived pereuiab and at 
least one species has the added 
advantage of 

via nitrogen fixing bacteria 
firing on stem and roots. All 
tbree species (Sport iaa 
pectimata, Spartima 

cynosmroides and Cypenx 
longtts), like all other C4 
pbotosynthesizers need only 
half as noth nitrogen in tie 
soil as do. C3 photo- 
synthesizers for every ton of 
dry phmt matter they produce. 

With the support of the 
EEC noo-nudear alternative 
energy programme. Dr Long 
and Dr Bingham, with a team 
at Trinity Qdkge, Dublin are 
now- testing . the ease of 
establishment, low tem- 
peratnre tolerance and dry 
matte- yield of the three 
grasses in pQot trials at four 
sites over tbenext three years. 

Some of the trial plots are 
on waste land, bmd exhausted 
by peat cutting ami water- 
togged day Id Ireland where 
other crops cannot be grown. 
Ordmaiy 03 grasses riD be 
grown near by as controls. If. 
the- trial show that tie three 
C4 species offer big potential 
advantages as energy crops, 
then rou scale trials*: mil 




American war hero who 
went back to school 


Major General William C 
Chase, who served with tie 
American Army in France in 

Penninsula, and supervised 
the combined airborne and 
amphibious assault on Corns, il* ' . s 

Manila and landing in Tokyo, 
' died on Augast21. He was 91. 

Born in Providence, Rhode 
Island, on Much 9, 1895, 
Chase graduated from Brown 
University in 1916 and the 
same year, after enlisting as a 
private, was commissioned ia 
tie cavalry. 

In May, 1918, he sailed with 
the 1 Iti Machine Gun Battal- 
ion to France; and during the 
Iaa phase of the war took part 
in the Aisne-Mame, St Maid, 
and Meuse-Argonne 

In 1921, he became assis- 
tant professor of military sci- 
ence and tactics at Michigan 
Agricultural College, and in 
1925 entered the Cavalry 
School at Fort Riley, Kansas, 
from which he graduated the 
following year. He then went 
to the. Infantry School at Fort 
Benning, Georgia, to master 
another field of military 

Betvreen 1929 and 1931 he 
was assigned to the General 
Staff School at Fort Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, alter which he 
had his first tour of duty in the 
Philip pines (1931-1934). Alter 
various postings in the United 
States, be became, in 1940, 
assistant chief of staff) intelli- 
gence, to the 8th Army Corps 
at Fort Sam Houston in 

In Frtjruary, 1943, he as- 
sumed command of the 1st 
Cavalry Brigade and, in June 
of that year, took it to tie 
South-West Pacific. In 1944, 
he led tie re-occupation of the 
Admiralty and then 

took a prominent part in the 
reconquest of the Philippines: 

On February 3, 1945, he 
personally led the two Humous 
“flying squadrons” that re- 
entered Manila. Later, he 
commanded the 38th Infentry 


In July. 

. 1945, he became 
commander of the IstCavahv 
Division, and m September 
landed witi it in Tokyo -the 
first US unit to enter tic city. ■: 
He remained is Japan, com- 
standing tie division, until ' 
1949, when he returned to the 

United States. 

In May of tiat year he ^ 
became chief of staff ofthe 3rd »; , 
Army, and in. 1951, went ' 
abroad again as chief of ihe : 

. Military A s sista nce Group ia 
Taiwan, giving moral and 
technical support to CZuane . ‘ 
Kai-Shek. : ^ 

In 1955, he retied from the : = 
anny, having earned tie Di$. ' 
tinguished Service Cross and 
Medal, tie Ixgtoo of Merit, 
tie Bronze Star Medal with u 
two oak-leaf dusters, and tte^ 
Purple Heart. 

Alter his retirement from 

the army be was not content to 

tide away. At tie age of 60, he 
took a master’s degree in 
history and political science at 
Trinity University, Sait Anto- 
nio, Texas. Later, he taught 
political sdeoce at tie Univer- 
sity of Houston, and after his 
second retirement - from 
teaching - in 1965 wrote hh 
memoirs. Front Line General, 
which included reminiscences 
of MacArthur. He had earUer 
received an ■ honorary LLD 
from Brown University, hh 
old campus\ 

Chase had an attractive 
personality. Though a famous 
warrior, he was gentle and 
unpretentious. With the stu- 
dents he taught be was ex- 
tremely popular: theyfeh* as a 
colleague recalls, M kinda free 
with him”. His lectures woe 

; tr^ 

Division against the Japanese 
hnlrting out in tie Batuawi 

not at all formal, but inter- 
spersed with comments and 
anecdotes. By nature he was 
conservative, and in politics 
am active Republican- But he 
never had political ambitions. 

He was twice married. 


Mr 'Donald Fletcher, GC, 
who was awarded tie George 
Cross (formerly the Edward 
Medal) for the mine rescue of 
a colleague in 1925, at the risk 
of being crushed to death 
ImnsdC died on Assist 22 at 
the age of 84. 

Bom on January 17, 1902, 
at Sbeffiddr he was educated 
there and at Worksop and-. 
Fubecte At the age of 13, he 
became a grocer’s apprentice 
but, after, two years, turned to 
farming. He became a miner 
in 1922. 

At Cresswefl Coffiery, Der- 
byshire, on September 10, 
1925, there was a roof coHapse 
to a depth of 16 feet adnch 
completely buried a miner 
named Cocker. Luckily, some 
of the larger timbers became 
interlocked, saving Cooper 
from instant death. 

After frantic digging, it was 
discovered that his head was 
near the edge of the fell, and 
tie debris was cleared from 
bis head and shoulders to let 
him breathe. His trunk and 
legs, however, were held fast. 
It became dear that the only 
way a rescue coold be accom- 
plished was for someone to 
crawl beneath the debris and, 
try! working a passage along- 
side and over Cooper, release 
him stone by stone; 

Fletcher at once volun- 
teered for this task, and it was 
only after two hours' continu- 
ous effort that Cooper was 
pulled dear. 

. “Great patience and skill 
were retptiraT, read tire cita- 
tion. “and, in,the course of the 
work, Fletcher's body was 
completely under tins Mi with 
hisheaddoac to Cooper's feet 
Throughout the operation 
Fletcher was exposed to the 
risk of being crushed to death 
either by a second fell or by a 
settling down of the first fen, 
and he performed his task 


“Fletchert action was a 
brave one involving great risk 
to his own life and, indeed, in 
tie latter stages of tie work his 
position was more dangerous 
than Cooper’s’'. 

Fletcher left mining in 1935 
to become an insurance agent 

He never served in the Forces, 
and, in 1948, joined the ctv3 
service, working for the De- 
partment of Health and Social 
Security until his retirement 
in 1968. Gardening and mo- 
toring .were his hobbies. He 
was awarded the Queen’s 
Silver Jubilee Medal in 1977. 

He is survived by his wifi; 
Mildred, and their son. 


-j-- - 

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Brigatfier Sir John Pagan, 
CMG, MBE, a former Agent- 
General for New South Wales 
in the UK and Europe, died 
recently in Sydney at the age 
of 72. 

John Ernest Pagan was born 
on May 13, 1914 r and educat- 
ed at St Peter's College, Ade- 
laide. During the Second 
World War he served with the 
Royal Australian Artillery in 
the Middle East and Papua 
New Guinea. From 1950 to 
1955, he was ADC to tie 
Governor of New South 
Wales. -In 1958, he was pro- 
moted brigadier, and be was 
colonel commandant of the 
RAA from 1974 to 1978. 

Zealous on behalf of chari- 
table causes, he was on the 
council of the Scout Associa- 
tion and Girl Guides Associa- 
tion of Australia, president of 
the Big Brother Movement, a 

trustee of the World Wildlife 
Fund, a member of the nation- 
al committee of the Sir Robert 
Menzies Memorial Trust, and 
a member of the Common- 
wealth Immigration Advisory 
Council - to mention only a 
few of his activities. 

In addition to being chair- 
man of his own family com- 
panies, hie . was chairman or 
director of many leading Aus- 
tralian public companies - is 
the fields of retailing, insur- 
ance and banking. 

He was Federal President of 
the Liberal Party of Australia 
from 1966 to 1970, when be 
was appointed Agent-General 
for New South Wales in the 
UK and Europe. He ms 
knighted in 1971. 

His wife, Maijorie, survives 
him with their son md two 
daughter s. 


Mr Peter Coles \ votes: 

Perhaps you will kindly 
aBow me space to refer further 
to my old friend and theatrical 
partner for many years, the 
late Hermione Badddey (fol- 
lowing your obituary of her. 
August 22)? 

“Totie" in ■ her day was 
guaWy the finest revue ar- 
tiste of them all, equalled if 
not exceeded by only Beatrice 
Lillie. It was our misfortune, 
especially tie West End’s, tiat 
she chose to make her home 
mainly in the United States 
during the latte part of her 

Revue was no longer “in^as 
form of entertainment over 
here, while LnNewYork - both 
and off Broadway - she was 
rat seen to the best advantage, 
taking work for the most part 
that offered little scope for her 
exceptional talents as-a. come- 
dienne. And when she was 

seen in a starring rote oa 
Broadway in the 1960s « 
Tennessee Williams's . Tf* 
Milk Train Doesn't Stop Het 
Anymore , ; I thought her totals 

Then there were tie odd 
appearances - mostly, 
American television - _ a 
which , her great comic gHfc 
were ignored, and “Totie" 
relegated to fining inferior 
supporting roles. 

Recalling her performance* 
in the Faijeon revues betweto 

the wars (can any ofthose^ 
saw It ever forget her OTP" 
comic Old Thing m the sW® 8 
“Winter in ToTtfoay’V - * ** 
Little Theatre f) and 
musical triumphs ofhe 
as Rise Above U.-aP d 
and Trumps, in both of ^ 
we were associated, as^ 
m tie memorable Nine,\ 
and The Little. Revue, 
conjure up a memory, of i 

acting the highest 

ftiij Hr. 






i \5;*r , . 

; v 'ir| ^ ^ 




•-.. '.U- 



\ \ 

■ Human voices echoed down 
- 4 ; three centuries with uncanny 
• y.'V. recogunabiliity in Three Sov- 
\ ereigas for Sarah (Channel 4X 

the first part of an American 

- ^ drama about the Salem witch 

• .J-'^VMrials.- 

; ‘ ; The script waswritten with 

*..r- . y <' reference to toe transcripts of 
: -:y ■ the trials and other documents 

- which recorded the events in a 
. * ‘ pocket of aberrant puritaoism 

. /■•.s, in Massachusetts at the end of 
■->" the I7to century. In' between 
• sonwoiB lines of contem- 

: v --k: porary comextoalizadonT the 
. ^ . desperate bewilderment of the 
■j : ’V v citizens who were caught Hp_ is 
the tragedy rang dear and 
V trne. ■ • 

. Vanessa' Redgrave took the 
, central role of a bitter, half- 

blind good wife whose two 
‘ sisters were accused of witch- 
■ -r; p^ by a smaU group of young 

. ' ^ gjrb from toe settlement who 
. . fell into fits of screaming and 

■ . coDvokions and insisted that 

- they "were being bitten by 
' ~ \:J witches. .Redgrave's perfor- 

mance conveyed the mesmeriz- 
iag_ resentment of the family 
■ ” who . were/ victimized not so 

- i-Z. ■ much by the children as by the ' 

. ; entire community. • 

*; c ' The explanation which the , 
< >m . piece offered for die children's 1 
. - 7';/.- possesion was not conyindng. 
It suggested that toe girls had 
’ ..VJ been encouraged in hysterical, 

- ■ 7^ superstitions fancies by the 
' pastor's Carib slave woman. 

.. —jS However, - history itself, de- 
. spite the wealth of written 
material which survives, can 
do no. better. The drama was 
: - most successful in evoking the 
'v 1 mean, foolish, culturally in-. 
V .‘.'3 bred society . in which the 
.. ;'3 events, occurred. . ■ 

* : *-■ This was not always acb- 1 
.. v v * t i, rT ieved with subtlety. While toe , 

• * v M U rLEIt possessed children were the I 
focus of the action, it snowed; ; 
: as soon as toe wrongfully I 
\r; accased matrons took the 
• - screen, toe son shone, leaves 

' - a appeared on die trees and the 
. . r director applied a bird-song 
tape to the soundtrack. De- 
. spite* these devices it was by 
V. ihoa.too taterin toe action for 
; i 7 _the persecute*! women to en-_ 
T,. guge the audience’s sympathy. 

• Antonio Gac«U,theardutect 

. V wkpse elaborate organic frag- 
it Z-nent of a cathedral dominates 
Y - .Barcelona’s skyline, is another 
. _ . IT fnistrating mystery, a redasC 
. \‘“ who never, discussed his work 
r ■' -^.throughout his long career. 
:,.Z Gfwdi — An Act of Kindness 
* ~ (Channel 4) could not suggest 
„ what bad inspired toe creation. 

1 - of fantasy buildings from b»- 
' zarre materials such as rubble 
'* and broken glass. 

■ .In the absence of the ma- 

■ • - terial for a classical state-of- 

- , toe-artist biography, we took a 
. - r pleasant and inspiring mys- 

- j itery tour around GaudPs 
. buddings in Barcelona and its 

. 1 ; environs. It would have been ( 

. t illuminating also to see toe 
< architect’s work related to the 
. ■ traditions of fantastic paint- 

jtri£ TixvAxiS w AuGuST /.t i>oo . 


The lengthy partnership of Andrew Davis 
(left) and the Toronto Symphony is coming to 
an end, and their European tour which began 
last night looks to be testing even by the usual 
standards: interview by Richard Morrison 

Striving to make an 
international name 

For .toe Toronto Symphony 
(“Orchestra’' was officially 
dropped from the title in 
I9j34) and -toe Englishman, 
who has been their, music 
director for the Iasi 1 1 years, 
toe three-week tow which 
began at the Edinburgh Festi- 
val last night. - and which 
' brings them to the Proms on 
Monday, carries with it ah 
enormous burden of aspira- 
tions and uncertainties. Even 
under normal circumstances 
North American orchestras 
regard a European tour as a 
high-pressure examination of 
their quality, a morale-boost- 
ing challenge for their players, 
and a focus for wider commer- 
cial and diplomatic links. But 
this tour has still greater 
significance: last October An- 
drew Davis resigned his musi- 
; cal directorship. He goes at the 
end of next season. 

Inevitably, then, the Can- 
adians wiU regard their Euro- 
pean concerts as representing 
the summation of their 
relationship with him. while 
he would not be human if he 
did not hope - that the -tour 
reminded British and conti- 
nental managements of his* - 
conducting prowess. 

There . is not quite the 
turnover in principal conduc- 
tors that there is m football- 
dub . managers, but for a 
conductor to bc tied to an 
orchestra for 13 seasons is 
unusual. Davis's immediate 

predecessors. Seiji Ozawa and 
Karel A need, each stayed Tour 
-years. But. as Davis admits, 
.his career to date has been 
quite out of the ordinary. 
“You must remember that 
when l accepted the Toronto 
job I'd only been earning my 
living as a conductor for four 
years." He had just turned 30 
and was still best known as the 
King's College Cambridge or- 
gan scholar who bad played 
harpsichord with the Acad- 
emy of St Martin-in-thc- 
Fields, and whose “big break" 
in 1970 had come in the 
classic fashion: taking over a 
BBC performance of the 
Glagolitic Mass at the last 

. The appointment to direct 
one of North America's largest 
musical organizations was a 
shock: “At the time, though, I 
did desperately want an or- 
chestra of my own. . and I 
thought 'Okay. 1 know I can 
do this*. Let's face it. three- 
quarters of my career has now 
been spent in Toronto." 

He threw himself into the 
job. becoming an -avuncular, 
soon-bearded (and later rather 
burly) figure who perhaps 
exaggerated his Englishncss to 
fit in with ’the Canadian 
public's idea of what a British 
conductor should be like. “1 
never regretted turning down 
outside offers, because a mu- 
sic director should always owe 
first allegiance ~lo his or- 

chestra. I never do less thin IS 
weeks a year with mine. The 
Toronto Symphony now is 
very much a reflection of my 
musical personality." 

Asked to assess his achieve- 
ments in Toronto. Davis will 
point primarily to repertoire 
and to educational projects. 
The latter involve a vast 
number of children’s work- 
shops and youth concerts and 
the running of a top-quality 
youth' orchestra — an cduca^ 
tional commitment, in short, 
on <t scale British orchestras 
could never contemplate, ft 
also involves Davis in some 
rather bizarre pursuits: dress- 
ing up in a lion's costume, for 
instance, to conduct the Car- 
nivuf of the Animals. “Bring- 
ing music to children in a way 
that is fresh and not didactic, 
except in a cunningly con- 
cealed way. is a challenge I 
enjoy, very much", he says. 
The investment of money and 
talent makes good business 
sense too: “You're building 
your future audience here''. 

As for repertoire, the enor- 
mous Canadian emphasis on 
selling subscription scries 
rather than individual con- 
certs allows Davis consid- 
erable breadth in program-- 
ming. And. as he says. “In 
Toronto I really am the boss. I 
hire and fire. 1 choose all the 
programmes, the guest' con- 
ductors and artist I'm 
responsible for a whole city's ' 

orchestral diet. And over the 
years I have been there I think 
the Toronto public have be- 
come more sophisticated and 
adventurous. You have to 
compare It favourably with 

His own tastes incline him 
to the late Romantics — 
Mahler. Elgar. Sibelius, Niel- 
sen — but during the coming 
season he directs and plays in 
. Saint-Saens's Organ Sym- 
phony. he conducts Acis and 
Ualaica . and the names of 
Dupaic. Bruch. Bax and 
Tippett (the Canadian pre- 
miere of The Mask of Time > 
feature along with many 
contemporary Canadian com- 
posers and. of course, the 
standard classical fare. It is. 
therefore, rather a pity that the 
repertoire chosen for the tour 
should be comparatively con- 
ventional (Edinburgh asked 
fora double bill of Stravinsky 
dramatic works, to be given 
tomorrow, but at the Proms a 
Mozart piano concerto and 
Mahler's Ninth Symphony are 
on the programme). 

No relationship between 
principal conductor and or- 
chestra is ever trouble-free, 
and one stretching over more 
than a decade is liable to build 
up considerable antagonisms. 
At Toronto recently Davis's 
life has been none too easy. 
“I've made a lot of mistakes, 
in musical and other terms. 

Diversification, Toronto style: Stravinsky's The Soldier's Tale* to be given at the 
Edinburgh Festival tomorrow, with Frank August}' n (left), Jeff Hy slop and Karen Kain 

but I've also given a tremen- 
dous amount of myself to the 
orchestra and city”, he says. 

He can hardly be held 
responsible for some of the 
problems. Though aspiring to 
live near the top of the North 
American orchestral league, 
the Toronto Symphony is 
relatively underfunded' (a 
mere 12 million dollars) and 
low-salaried compared with 
near neighbours like Chicago 
and New York. Good players 
have been poached. The or- 
chestra. moreover, is almost a 
stranger these days to the 
major recording companies, 
and the phenomenal success 
of its arch-rival in Montreal 
under Charles Dutoil has 
increased toe players' frustra- 
tions (a possible long-term 
relationship with EMI was 
greeted with extraordinary re- 
lief). Though Davis did lead a 
famous trip to China in 1978. 
the Toronto Symphony does 
not tour as much as some 
orchestras (“any major tour 
these days costs well over a 

million dollars", says Davis). 
And perhaps the biggest dis- 
appointment has been the 
move four years ago to the 
Roy Thomson Hall, the 
orchestra's space-age new 
home in central Toronto. It is 
now considered to have the 
poorest acoustics of any major 
concert hall in Canada. 

Inevitably these aggrava- 
tions led to speculation that 
Davis was being pushed from 
h>5job. and he nimsclf told a 
Canadian newspaper that the 
orchestra's board was “not 
unwelcome of a change of 
horses". But he now strongly 
maintains that the decision 
was completely his own. “The 
point is really that 1 3 years is a 
long period. It's time to di- 
versify my life, to work more 
in Britain particularly and 
Europe generally." He has al- 
ready established good guest- 
conductor relationships, nota- 
bly with the Philharmonia 
(“we get on like a house on 
fire"). Now he also has lime to 
develop his opera interests. 

which (despite his Salome at 
Co vent Garden earlier this 
year, and his long-standing 
Glyndeboumc connections) 
have lain comparatively la- 
tent. "Don Giovanni at 
Glyndeboumc this summer 
was only my second Mozan; I 
am doing Figaro, also with 
Peter Hall, next year in Chi- 
cago. And in 1989 I conduct 
my first Wagner: Tristan in 
Houston. Funny. I never 
thought I would start with 
that: Meistmingcr has always 
been my favourite. Actually ! 
don't know Tristan that well." 

In general, though. Davis 
would like more lime to 
consider the scores he is 
conducting. “I'm looking for- 
ward io retracting a little from 
the diversity of repertoire 
needed at Toronto. I mean. I 
don't want to jet around 
conducting the same 12 
pieces. But to concentrate on a 
slightly smaller repertoire, and 
perhaps to go into it more 
deeply — that would be 

Celia Brayfield 

f “Dead corpses don't in any way 
r portray the intimate tragedy of 
what happened", said Jon Snow of 
: 1TN. talking about the news cover- 
age of the Heysel football stadium 
disaster. The delegates at the \ 
i Edinburgh ' International Tele- 
vision Festival nodded, unmoved: 
The chairman of the discussion, 
Robert Kilroy-Silk, invited Snow 
and his -colleagues tp. consider the 
-possibility that violence on. lele- 
' vision ' 'desensitized '-the Taudierice; 
he could also have raised - the 
notion 'that' the-"prdfessibh of' 
showing -violence- on . -television 
might desensitize toeTtioadcasmog 
jou raalTst. AJrradyTCi iray-Silk. the 
-newest .recruiria toe xnediacracy, 
had learnt, to weave the cloak of 
invisibility by which broadcasters . 
conceal toeir role -in society. 

This was the eleventh Television 
Festival and its theme was “Voices 
from the Furniture” implying -toe 
rights and -responses of society to 
the medium. For an intoxicating 
instant ! thought that this frame of 
reference would entail an invita- 
tion to the public to fake part in toe 
four-day event No chance. 

Instead. -a token real person, 
Brian Tyler, the headmaster whose 
comprehensive school was the 
subject of an observational docu- 
mentary series, was permitted to 
contribute a few sentences. Talking 
about the filming, he recalled 
“Trust was bruited all the time, but 
ultimately there can’t be # trust, 
because broadcasters are going to 

Celia Brayfield reports on opportunities spumed at 
the Edinburgh International Television Festival . 

Pervasive smugness 

... % . Graham Bright wanted to show bow the professionals handle-disaster ' 

.3 .■ .Robert KHroy^Silk; sDggestedLyioleDcedesen^tizes its asdience 

break it in the- interests of; their; 
programme"-- •• • •* 

Hus was sound advice for all 
-potential media victims, as confes- 
sions made throughout the festival 
confirmed. Paul Watson, famous 
for his series of fly-on-the-walj 
documentaries including The Fish- 
ing Party, freely admitted that he 
encouraged his subjects to get 
drunk in order to have them 
behave as grossly as he wished; toe 
producer of toe Rough Justice 
programme which was criticized by 
toe Lord Chief Justice’ for its 
outrageousmethods defended him- 
self by referring to a directive from 
bis department head which specifi- 
cally condoned toe use of “socially 
or legally unacceptable" methods 
in Older to get the story. 

The festival was pervaded by a 
complacency which was apparent 
even to some of its participants. As 
the gruelling 2’/?-hour discussions 

Promenade Concert 

Luxuriating in a 

. succeeded each other, the- tone of' 
toe event began to sound like the 
ami-heroin commercial. So people 
are exploited. $o ethnic minorities 
are marginalized, so women do not 
make proper career progress, so 
community video-makers are star- 
ved of funds, so there is censorship 
in South Africa — so they bad some 
problems. So what? They could 
handle it 

- Television is an enclosed order, a 
narcissistic, obsessive profession 
which avoids contact with the rest 
of society. “These are the real 
people who make real people on 
television look real," announced 
another session chairman, Pano- 
rama'^ Peter Taylor, but no one 
paused to consider toe nature oftoe 
phoney reality that was thus 

From a hypothetical debate on 
scheduling. Michael Grade on BBC 
I versus John Birt on ITV, came 

Festival theatre 

the view of -the public as an: 
audience, a -passive mass-tobeded- 
from show to show by the carefully 
selected seductive qualities of pro- 
grammes. From a discussion on 
game-shows and documentaries 
came toe view of toe public as a 
resource to be plundered, rifted in 
the ratio of one to five hundred for 
individuals confident, good-look- 
ing and articulate enough to accord 
with teleyision's notion of what a 
real human being is like. Broad- 
casters seldom see the public as 
human beings with equal rights to 
command the attention of their 
fellows. They see them as passive 
and inanimate objects — furniture 

British television has veiy little 
capacity to entertain genuine re- 
sponses from the society it serves. 
British society is extremely apa- 
thetic towards the medium which 
is its primary source of both 

information . and entertainment; 
- Broadcasters allow scraps of access 
programming on minority chan- 
nels, and grudgingly toss crusts of 
finance to toe growing community 
programme sector, but they have 
little genuine commitment to inter- 
action with the public. Instead they 
prefer to hide behind the technical 
complexity of their profession and 
ensure that ordinary people remain 
in ignorance of toe values and 
processes of the medium. Any 
“reaT person who had gained entry 
to the Television Festival would 
probably have been massively 
bored and made contributions of 
toe level of asking why his or her 
favourite programme was not be- 
ing transmitted. 

As pan of this chilling mystifica- 
tion process, television prac- 
titioners deny their own partici- 
pation in society. This was clearly 
shown in the session on toe news 

coverage of the Heysel stadium 
tragedy. Festival delegates were 
shown toe uncut BBC news footage 
of the event in which 40 people 
died; it included shots of distressed 
people waving away cameras, of 
photographers standing in front of 
the stricken calmly snapping away, 
of anguished men who addressed 
toe camera directly and of rioters 
who had masked themselves in 
order not to be recognized on 
television. The professionals chose 
at once to cut these elements of toe 
story, despite toe role that tele- 
vision is known to play in football 
violence. In contrast Graham 
Bright toe Conservative MP for 
Luton South who was also invited 
to compile a news report from toe 
raw footage, chose to include some 
of these scenes, but elected to omit 
the sensational and distressing 
close-ups of the dead and dying. 

When Walter Memcks, toe law- 
yer who chaired the Rough Justice 
session, accepted the job be asked 
the festival organizer for all the 
books, papers and written material 
relating to journalistic ethics in 
broadcasting. There was nothing to 
give him. If any broadcasters had 
ever considered how they should 
interact with society, they had been 
careful never to make their 
thoughts public. The festival was 
.an opportunity to correct this 
deficiency, an opportunity which 
the entire profession spurned in 
favour of considering its own 

Changes at Scottish Ballet 

; Philharmonia/ 

• Baudo 

■ ; Albert Hall/Radio 3 

’ If the Bank ' Holiday was 
■ miserably damp at least Mon- 

’ ., day evening’s Prom evoked 
, suhry Spanish nights. The 
•' music-making was warm and 
■.' generous, too. and the heat 
from the television lights 
could only have had a bene- 
-ficial effect on the soaked 

Serge Baudo's conducting 
grew more confident after a 
rather 1 lame account of 
v: . Chabrier's Fspa/ia. The trom- 
- bones spat out their entries 
fiercely enough, but the back- 
, ground rhythms were soggy 

-Vi;and Baudo's relationship with 
the Philharmonia in the final 
„ accelerando rather reminded 
■ me ofihe W.S. Gilbert charac- 
.. . ter who "led his regiment from 
. behind, he found it less 
; ... exciting". 

Things improved markedly 
in a selection from Bizet's 
LWrlesiauu'. It was not the 
.. son of scorching performance 
,■ where the Farandolc dis- 
. appears in a cloud of dust, but 

the steady pace throughout 
did allow the textures space to 
. 1 breathe and be admired. The 
• horns possibly enjoyed toe 
Carillon a shade too much — 

toe tune is with the strings, 
after all — but elsewhere the 
woodwind seized their solo 
.opportunities with character. 

This welcome streak of 
exhibitionism was still more 
pronounced in the final work. 
Falla’s The Three-Cornered 
Hat . Suites I and 2. Baudo, 
worked hard to instil rubato; 
some gutsy bowing from the 
strings brought an appropriate 
peasant-like feel to the Miller's 
Dance and the kaleidoscopic 
finale was feverishly ag- 

Alicia dc Larrocha's playing 
is rarely that, but this most 
graceful of pianists — • so 
nimble in the crossed-hands 
textures of Falla's Nights in 
the Gardens of Spain — per- 
haps demonstrated toe Span- 
ish tradition's subtler side: one 
dependent on carefuj tonal 
gradations and idiomatic 
phrase-shaping. She also 
judged perfectly when to pro- 
vide a background of shim- 
mering filigree and when to 
harden her timbre and project 
a brilliant cascade of passage- i 
work. Her playing in Cesar 
Frances- Symphonic Vari- 
ations was ho less - poetic, 
especially in toe dreamy mid- 
dle section, though, her hands 
only just encompassed the 
bigger chordal splashes. 

Richard Morrison 

St Bride’s Centre 

Edinburgh's second show by 
the Market Theatre of Jo- 
hannesburg offers a front-line 
view of apartheid as seen by 
five prisoners in a South 
African jail: an agitator, a 
pickpocket and three total 
innocents, now all banded 
together under the title slogan, 
which means, “wc have no 

This description. I fear, 
owes more to the programme- 
notes than to any basic facts 1 
| was able to glean from 
Mbongcni Ngeraa’s text and 
! production. Asinamali con- 
sists not only of five life- 
storics: it also enacts court and 
police station routines, massa- 



Salt Water Moon 

Lyceum Studio 
■ — ■ 1 — " ■ 

On the evidence of these two 
plays, cropping up on un- 
related Edinburgh stages, 
Toronto's Tarragon Theatre 
seems to be a powerhouse of 
ncwCanadian writing. 

Albertine. toe latest of Mi- 
chel Tremblay's studies In toe 
Qucbccois lower depths, 
chronicles the life of a work- 
ing-class. Catholic widow, bur- 


[ 01.628 8795/638 8891 




crcs. demonstrations, bureau- 
cratic inequities and prison 
life; toe whole face of the 
regime compressed into a 
kaleidoscopic 90 minutes. 

1 can believe that 'it would 
be instantly comprehensible 
on its home ground and that 
there is a logical justification 
for everything that happens; 
but. for anyone unfamiliar 
with the details of the 
Lamontville uprising and the 
cadences of high-speed Af- 
rican speech, the experience is 
like being trapped in a berserk 
roller-coaster. Bits of informa- 
tion flash past as momentary 
signposts in a general blur as 
the show whizzes through 
instantaneous transforma- 
tions and wild changes of 
focus. leaving you glazed and 
thoroughly winded by the end. 

- As the piece is also touring 

dened with two uncontrollable 
children whom she lums out 
of the house, and then turns 
her own back on toe world 
when one of them is found 
murdered. As the Quebec 
slogan has it “Suffer now. pay 

What raises this harrowing 
story into another dimension 
is Tremblay’s decision .to 
present it through toe eyes of 
five Albenincs, representing 
her from the age of 30 to 70. It 
sounds a technical impossibil- 
ity except as a scries of parallel 
monologues, but Tremblay 
achieves full dramatic con- 
fronation by means of divorc- 
ing chronological from thea- 
trical lime, and taking advan- 
tage of toe fact that the elders 
know more than the younger 
selves, and that there are some 
hideous matters that none of 
them wants to drag into toe 
open. By such means, toe 
memories inside one head 
change into a plot in the 
present tense. 

At first for instance, there 
seems absolutely nothing in 

North America, the thought 
strikes me that it may be 
intended to bewilder western 
spectators: to put them briefly 
in the place of a Zulu peasant 
reaching the white men's terri- 
tory and plunged into a harsh, 
bewildering world oflabyrin- 
thine restrictions and auto- 
matic brutality. 

If you surrender to this 
experience and stop expecting 
the usual theatrical courtesies, 
the show has a savage impacL 
As you watch toe company 
queuing up for prison ad- 
mission or X-rays, doing 
everything at the panic- 
stricken double, kicked and 
abused for their very exis- 
tence, it is impossible not to 
imagine how you would re- 
spond if you changed places 
with them. 

This viewpoint, however. 

common between the five 
women: the youngest under- 
going paroxysms of rage, toe 
oldest staring vacantly into a 
dead television screen. Asthey 
start conversing, rehearsing 
old arguments, welcoming 
their sister (the only other 
character), toe Hnks start 
developing, showing how the 
enraged 45-year-old. mother 
became the carefree waitress 
of 50. and then the drugged 
life-hating recluse of 10 years 
later. There arc also extraor- 
dinary moments when all five 
fuse into a single self At toe 
memory of beating the daugh- 
ter almost to death, all the 
voices come together in an 
exclamation like a rifle shot 
And toe final image is of the 
group drawn downstage and 
lifting their arms towards toe 
moon. The play draws on toe 
tragic contrast between a self 
that feels always the same and 
an external character th3t can 
change beyond recognition. 

This, more than the docu- 
mentary detail, is the sense 
that informs Bill Glassco's 
beautifully orchestrated pro- 

does not cover everything in 
the show. Some passages are 
dearly intended as fierce sat- 
ire. others as touching epi- 
sodes from private life, but 
they are simply obliterated 
under the generalized spec- 
tacle of top dogs and under- 
dogs. At one moment the 
theatre represents a protest 
meeting, at another a prison 
concert.- each vanishing before 
you have been able to adjust to 
the new setting. What is never 
in doubt is the tremendous 
proficiency of toe company, 
their dances drilled to a peak 
of predsion and their voices 
swelling into the consoling 
harmonies of work-songs and 
laments in the very act of 
chain-gang labour and phys- 
ical combat. 

Trying Wardle 

duciion; and. if performances j 
like those of Clare Coulter, , 
Susan Coyne and the embat- ; 
tied Jpy Coghill are typical of I 
the Tarragon's companies, 
then it is also an actors : 

Stylistically. David 
French's Salt Water Moon 
bumps back to familiar terri- 
tory. It is a naturalistic North 
American porch play, showing 
a Newfoundland boy talking 
his way back into the fevourof 
toe girl he left behind. On 
those terms, it is extremely 
well put together: and. so far 
as the background' is con- 
cerned. the territory is new. 
The period is 1926; and along 
with his evocation of ghosts 
Mr French also shows the 
lingering effect of toe 19 14- 1 8 
war on the two families. He 
projects a society that is at 
once utterly remote and up to 
its neck in 20th-century his- 
tory. just as its characters (Ian 
Tyler and Julia Lewis) belong 
as much to toe Irish past as to- 
the New World. 

Peter Darrell, artistic director 
of the Scottish Ballet, has 
decided to relinquish that 
post. He feels that after 30 
years running the company 
and its predecessor. Western 
Theatre Ballet, he would like 
to concentrate his energies on 
his creative work. He will 
maintain his links with the 

Traditional Chx&fcUs 

company and has accepted the 
title of founder choreographer. 

Scottish Ballet is now seek- 
• ing a new artistic director, 
someone who will maintain 
toe company's strong basis in 
classical ballet while continu; 
ing Darrell's policy of bringing 
in new work for a balanced 






■ _ OuT-fi^mkure «sso cheap, 
we can’t blarrfe you for won- 
dering whether it's properly 

ThaHs why we guarantee 
ir for two years and promise 
well codea ir and refund 
your (money if you're nor 
delighted afer 3 weeks. 

AH our furniture ©made 

from top quality materials 
with painstaking craftsman- 

Why » cheap, toen?^ We 
only sell direct And we're 
nor greedy. 


»cnd mt-jour far roioui 

trna mr >our trrr twour 
hrtchutrt. learner wmpJn and prior 
Ihs for thcTradnofuJ Collrcnon 

T 27/S 


The High Back ‘Monk 'Range 

ThvrmsUoyd. AbogoniSstatc. 
Tnxrchy. Watcs OV 26 DL A 
*0441771333 Kj 


over working 
with Savage 

By JQI Sherman 

Leading obstetricians at the 
London Hospital have said 
they will find it difficult to 
work with Mis Wendy Savage 
after the inquiry into her 
professional competence 
which resulted in her 16- 
month suspension. 

They have claimed that it 
would be impossible for her to 
be integrated back into the 
department immediately and 
have suggested that she is 
given a different post fora few 

- Last month an inquiry team 
cleared Mrs Savage, who is 
■ also senior lecturer at the 
hospital's medical school of 
allegations of professional 
i incompetence. 

But a further panel due to 
report before her return to 
work next month is now 
looking at. the working 
arrangements within the ob- 
stetric department. The in- 
quiry team expressed concern 
over poor working relation- 
ships between Mrs Savage and 
her colleagues. 

The panel, chaired by Mrs 
Alison Munro, chairman of 
Chichester Health Authority, 
will determine how Mrs Sav- 
age. wfll work with her four 
consultant colleagues. 

Mr John HartgilL senior 
consultant obstetrician at the 
London Hospital said yes- 
terday; “The feet that this has 
been thrashed out in public 
has made it virtually impos- 
sible to compromise in any 
way. In trying to maintain 
some dignity we have lost any 
future chance of working with- 
out bias on both sides." - 

Professor Gedis 
Grudzinskas, Mrs Savage's 
head of department, criticized 
her supporters forspreadiog 
misinformation about the 

“A serious internal depart- 
ment matter which led to the 
suspension of Wendy Savage 
has been misrepresented as a 
gender struggle and a struggle 
between high technology and 
low technology, which is to- 
tally unrelated to this particu- 
lar problem,” Professor 
Grudzinskas said. The mis- 
information had resulted in 
unnecessary anxiety to several 

The professor said he would 
accept the recommendations 
of the inquiry into the depart- 
ment, but he referred to 
reports that Mrs Savage had 
publicly said she would not 
work in the academic unit 
headed by himself He also 
said that Mrs Savage had 
called for his resignation. 

Mrs Savage's solicitor, Mr* 
Brian Raymond, denied yes- 
terday that Mrs Savage bad at 
any time either called for the 
professor’s resignation or said 
that she would not be pre- 
pared to work with him or any 
of her colleagues. 

Mr Raymond said that the 
professor’s idea of a break 
with the department had been 
suggested before the original 
inquiry was held and was 
“completely unacceptable" to 
Mrs Savage. 

Last week the consultants 
broke a 16-month silence by 
defending their department's 
policy in a letter to The Times. 

"t's . 

>• ' 


— - . . . 


4 S 

* ■- . 
.* •-< • 
*•* * 


Centumedfrom page t 

The village of Worn, a modest collection of thatched and tin-roofed wattle and daub huts, in the heart of the Cameroon area strock by the volcanic gas 

World rallies to Cameroon Doctor tells of the 

Continued from Page 1 

Plant may stay closed 

Continued from page 1 

and retraining in handling 

It is the West that exercises 
the strongest central control. 
The terms of a licence for 
operating a nuclear power 
station in Britain and France 
prohibit the sort of experi- 
ment that led to the Chernobyl 

About half the 27 reactors of 
the Chernobyl type in the 
Soviet Union have been shut 

down while modifications are 
made to prevent the safety 
systems from being switched 
off in the way they were before 
the accident. 

The latest casualty figures 
from the disaster show 299 
people diagnosed as suffering 
acute radiation poisoning. 
There have been 31 deaths. 

The long-term effects on 
health are still being cal- 
culated. The estimates cover a 
population of 7S million in the 
Ukraine and Byelorussia. 

ended commitment to further 
aid as the sc tie of need 
becomes apparent. 

Mrs Thatcher has sent a 
personal message to President 
Paul Biya, expressing her con- 
cern and pledging immediate 

Britain was prepared to 
send experts in toxic gases as 
well as protective clothing, 
medical supplies and gas 
masks. Baroness Young, the 
Minister of State at the For- 
eign Office, said. 

“We recognise this is an 
appalling natural disaster in a 
very remote area." 1 

The United States, Israel 
France, and Switzerland have 
sent or are sending aid teams, 
and Spain, Japan and Italy 
have also offered help. 

Scientists from the United 
States Geological Survey will 
arrive at the disaster scene in 
the next day or two after an 
invitation from the Cameroo- 

nian government. They will 
join French scientists already 
there to analyze the causes of 
the disaster. 

The gas eruption is being 
likened to an incident at Lake 
Mounoun, in the same moun- 
tain range, two years ago, 
when 36 people were killed. 

Mr Paul Krumpe, one of the 
US Geological Survey team, 
said a small landslide into that 
lake may have produced a 
release of carbon dioxide from 
the lakebed sediment that 
caused it “to explode like 
achampagne bottle." 

country of Friday (Mohsin Ali 

A second team of American 
scientists, including a geolo- 
gist. a geo-chemist and a 
volcanologist, is to arrive in 
the country tomorrow, the 
State Department announced 

pride of Wum 

By Robin Young 


The first team, which in- 
cludes forensic pathologists, 
will try to find the exact cause 
of death of the gas victims. 
The second team will examine 
the volcanic lake and try to 
determine the cause and na- 
ture of the gas eruption. This 
group includes Dr Joseph 
Devine, an expert on fresh 
water organisms. 

The experts are also ex- 
pected to sample the sediment 
in other lakes in the volcanic 
region to see if an assessment 
could be made of future risks. 

The Reagan Administration 
has authorised its Embassy in 
Yaounde to give an initial aid 
of J 25,000 to assist the Cam- 
eroon Government 

Hydrogen cyanide trapped 
in the carbon dioxide was 
probably released into the air, 
he said. 

aid team of three doctors is 
due to arrive in Cameroon 
today following the volcanic 
explosion which unleashed 
toxic gases at Lake Nyosin the 
remote north-west of the 

Dr Gavin Bowyer, an army 
doctor, lived in Worn for 10 
weeks in 1982 while collecting 
snails for research into the 
spread of the tropical disease 

He said yesterday that he 
and his three student col- 
leagues from Cambridge were 
lodged in the Catholic mission 
schoolhonse — “four good 
walls and a roof, hot then we 
had previously been camping 
in the rain forest so it seemed 
very comfortable to ns”. 

He said Warn was an ex- 
hibition village. “The Govern- 
ment was rather proud of it 
and was inclined to show it off 
as an example of village life.” 

Otherwise, he said, the na- 
tives — who spoke some 
French, En glish, and pidgin 
English as well as their tribal 
dialect — were left very much 
to themselves. 

“As far as providing facil- 
ities, the Government was 
content that the area should 
r emain entirely - agricultural 
and leave them to their own 
devices. There was a consid- 
erable army presence at the 
depot at WawwMfa, but the 
troops did not appear to go 
farther north *han that.* * 

was metalled hi parts, “but 
elsewhere it was mud ami very 
rough going”. : It passes 
through Bafoat, where Gerald 
Durrdl set his book The Bqfnt 
Beagles and also tfarongi the 
area used for some scenes in 
The Apes 

Dr Bo wyer said many of the 
volcanic lakes in the area 
“were too much affected by 
volcanic chemicals to support 

and larger US strike against 
Libya if President Reagan 
orders it 

The White House spokes- 
man said: “We certainly have 
reason to believe" that Colo- 
nel Gadaffi has not given up 
his desire to carry out terrorist 
activities worldwide, “The 
capability is still there, to do 
so.” He died as an example 
Libyan activities in Chad to 
overthrow the Government 

The Wail Stem Journal 
said mi Monday that the US 
was ready ta . strike fira, 
without waiting for new Lib- 
yan-supported acts of terror- 
ism. Ilk. US. was reportedly 
contemplating, possible joint 
action with France to drive 
Libyan troops but of Chad. 

Washington deafly expects 
scepticism in Europe about its 
warnings at a tune when 
Colonel Gadaffi has kept a low 
profile and there has been * 
lull in international terrorism. 

But Mr Walters win emph- 
asize evidence from inteUt- 
gence sources here that infect 
Libya was behind the recent 
rocket attack on the British 
base at Akrotirl' Cyprus, and 
also involved in abortive 
plans to bomb another disco 
dub in West Berlin recently. 

The Adminstration wants 
to persuade the European 
allies to support the extension 
of existing sanctions to select 
European subsidiaries of US 
companies operating mainly 
in Libya. 

The Central Intelligence 
Agency (CIA) believes Libya 
has expanded its terrorism 

jj.j* , ( f ■ ; 

i.vfl* 5 *!' • -.t 
v * ■ ■ . • 

beyond its Peoples’ Bureaus. 
Libyan airline offices, cultural 
centres and trading companies 
in Africa, Europe and the 
Middle East have begun re- 
cruiting “local thugs" to attack 
American and European dip- 
lomats and businessmen. 

The . Walt Street Journal 
quoted officials as saying: “Mr 
Gadaffi seemsto have gone off 
his rocker again." They said 
the Libyans had forgotten the 
lesson they learned in -the 
American : bombing last ApriL 

The Pentagon has refused to 
comment on reports that it is 
preparing- for a new strike at 
Libyan ou terminals and other 
economic targets. 


Today’s events 

New exhibitions 
Ripon Heritage exhibition: 
Ripon community history pro- 
ject; Arts Block, Ripon College. 
College Ret Mon to Sun 2 to 5 
(ends Sept 7). 

Coca-Cola 1886-1986; Ulster 
Museum, Botanic Gardens, Bel- 
fast; Mon to Fri 10 to 5,. Sat 1 to 
5, Sun 2 to 5 (ends Sept 14). 
Exhibitions in progress 
Energy World: 50 of the most 
energy efficient houses ever 
built in the UK; Shenley Lodge, 
Wading St, Milton Keynes; Mon 
to Sun 10 to 6 (ends Sept 21). 

Pace Setters 6: work by Chris- 
topher Bledowski, Sarah Green- 
grass and Richard Webb; 
Museum and Art Gallery, 
Priestgate, Peterborough; Tues 

to Sat 10 to 5 (ends Sept 27). 

Scottish landscapes by Alan 
Turner; Commonwealth In- 
stitute Gallery, Rutland Sq, 
Edinburgh; Mon to Fri 10 to 5. 
Sat 10 to 12 (ends Aug 30). 

Open Fell, Hidden Dell: 
photographic study of landscape 
and lifestyles in the Yorkshire 
Dales; HasHngdcn Public Li- 
brary, Dearden Gale, Rosen- 
dale; Mon and Tues 10 to 1230, 
1.30 to 7.30, Tues and Thurs 10 
to 123a 1-30 to 5, Sat 930 to 4 
(ends Aug 30) 

The British School at Athens; 
a hundred years of discovery 
(ends Dec 23); Jonas Suyder- 
hoft: portraits (ends Oct 19);' 
The Fitzwiltiam Museum, 
Trumpington St, Cambridge; 
Tues to Sat 10 to 1 and 2 to 5, 
Sun 2.15 to 5. 

One Year On: the work of 

newly graduated artists and 
craftspeople; Coach House Craft 
Gallery, Gawthorpe Hall. Padi- 

New books — hardback 

ham, nr Burnley; Mon to Sat 10 
to 5, Sun 2 to 5 (ends Sept 2) 

Paintings by Elizabeth Shack- 
leton; Gurnet Gallery, Lloyds 
House, 16 Lloyd Street, Man- 
chester; Mon to Fri 9 to 5.30 
(ends Aug 29). 

Fainting in Scotland; The 
Golden Age 1707-1843; The 
Talbot Rice Art Centre. Old 
College, South Bridge, Edin- 
burgh; Mon to Sat 10 to 5 (ends 

TheDaputy Literary Editor's selection of interesting books published this 

Francis Baron's Pramuifltfe^Stofy, by AlfredDodd (Centut^ETOili)^ 
At the Dog in Dtiwrch, Recollections of a Poet, edited by C&ve Murphy 
(Seeker & Warburg, £12S5) 

And them my trouble began, UocoBected Writings 1945-85, by TJL Fyvel 
(Weidenfald, £15.00) 





A deep depression will 
move slowly eastwards 
across the North Sea. 

Quest fo 

Industrial Relations h Britain, by PhHp Bassett 

Quest for Excitement, Sport are! Leisure lathe Ctvftsing Process, by Nor- 
bert Bias and Eric Dummo (Blackwell, £1930) 

6 am to midnight 

Aug 31). 

Paintings by Gurminder 
Sikand and ceramics by Kyra 
Cane; The Castle Museum, 

Chariemagne, Emperor dr the Western World. by Russell Chamherfln 
(Grafton, tl 2.95) 

The Revokitiouary Cursor of Maxfanifim Robespierre, by David P Jordan 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,135 

This puzzle was solved within 3 0 minutes by 57 per cent of the 
competitors at the 1936 London B regional final of the Collins Dic- 
tionaries Times Crossword Championship. 

Cane; The Castle Museum, 
Nottingham; Mon to Sun 10 to 
5.45 (ends Sept 21). 


Recital by Mark Lockett (pi- 
ano) and Janet Sherbournc (pi- 
ano and voice); Carlisle Cath- 
edral, 8. 

Concert bv the Wenstrm Bov’s 

Breasts, Bottles and Babies, A History of Infant FSec&ifl, by Vhlerie Rdes 
(EUP, £19.75) NS 

. London, SE, central S, central N 
England, Midlands: Scattered 
showers and a tew bright intervals; 
wind NW moderate or fresh; max 

East Anglia, E, NE En£*nd, 
Borders, Edinburgh, . Dundee: 

The pound 


Cloudy wttfi occasional rein, slowly 
| brightening from the W; wind N, 
1. fresh or strong, near gale force in 
exposed areas at first moderating 
later; max temp 16C (61 F). 

Channel Islands, SE, NW En- 
gland, Wales, Lake District Me of 
Man, SW Scotland, Glasgow, Ar- 
gyfl. Northern Ireland; Occasional 
showers, some heavy, but a tew 
siainy intervals; wind N fresh 
becoming moderate; max temp 15C 

. Aberdeen, Central Highlands, 
Moray Firth, NE, NW Scotland, 

Births: George Wilhelm He- 
gel Stuttgart, 1770; Theodore 
Dreiser, novelist, Terre Haute. 
Indiana, 1871; Carl Bosch, 
industrial chemist Nobel laure- 
ate 1931, Cologne 1874. 

Deaths; Titian, Venice, 1576: 
Lope de Vega, dramatist Ma- 
drid. 1635; Sir Rowland HUL 
founder of penny postage, Lon- 
don, 1879; Dame Ivy Comptoo- 
Bornett, novelist London, 

Orkney, Shedanft Frequent show- 
ers. some sunny intervals; wind N or 
NE fresh or strong; max tamp 14C 

Outioofcfor tomorrow and Friday: 
Sunny intervals and showers. Cool 
northerly winds. 

Tree aid 

Yugoslavia Dnr 

Ratss for smal dmomhaiion bank notes 

only as suppEed by Barclay® Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers’ 
cheques and other loragn currency 

RetaB Price Index: 384.7 

London: The FT Max dosedTup at 

Tree 2000. an international 
appeal to help' reclaim the 
deserts of Africa, has been 
launched by the Men of the 
Trees in conjunction with the 
Food and Agricultural Organ-; 
isation of the U.N. Further 
details can be obtained from 
Tree 2000. P.O. Box 64, 
Crawley, West Sussex, RH10 

Tower Bridge 

Our address 


' 1 Inn central to a religious 
building (6,6). 

9 Objectionable people re- 
buffed by head in unofficial 
vole (5,4). 

10 Novelist with a following 
for spiritual nourishment 

(5) . 

11 Protea against ursine 
depredation (6). 

12 Coins are involved in this 
film plot (8). 

13 Lumberjack, common chap 

( 6 ) . 

15 It's safe for both sides to 
meet in a match (3,5). 

18 Use a ruler in paring down 
some timbers (8). 

19 7 fora proposal (6). 

21 Extra wine in this ship’s 
- hold? (81 

23 Violent Parisian dance for 
the brave (6). 

26 The cask is wholly N Af- 
rican port (5). 

5 Very small amount of fish 
turned up inside the break- 
water (8). 

6 The French chap's sweet- 
heart (5L 

7 Employ underhand methods 
in puzzle (8). 

8 Jumbo's head pilot (6). 

14 Dislike Erica's use of swear- 
word (8). 

16 Food publication devoured 
by the consumer (4-5). 

17 Right medicine, perhaps, 
but not one applied on the 
skin (8). 

18 Foreign exchanM rises in 
late September (§). 

20 The Spanish planes are in 
teams (7). 

22 Riverside bird (5). 

24 Head-covering about worn 
out (5). 

25 Encourages Benedict to 
make a savoury (4). 



Best wines 

27 It gives one a bigger say in 
public pronouncements (9). 

■ Solution to Puzzle No 17,134 

public pronouncements (9). 
28 Nursemaid gets out of 
prison in Australia (5,7). 


1 Graduate body needs a 
strong watch-dog (7). 

2 Points accepted by the 
Board (5). 

.3 Let down by dress in the 
ratings (5.4). 

4. Spoil lifting implement here 

Concise Crossword 


lannsrarannn anaigin 


n b r f a R e 
M fiFiEranE Ksa hpisi= 

IBB' □ ffl R 
HI il 0 E H 0 O 

jararaai ^nnia iinaras 
3 o ,v< s n n e 
HnmBra i'lCEEraffisnmi 

in a blind tasting of 52 
Californian and Australian Cab- 
ernet wines the following wines 
which are still available were 
judged excellent value 
Fetzer Lake- Comity 1980 
Cabernet Saorignon, Majestic 
Wine Warehouses (01-881 
5262). £539; Fetzer Estate Bot- 
tled Mendocino Cabernet Satrv- 
igoon 1978, Majestic Wine 
Warehouses (01-881 6262), 

£739; Ridge California Cab- 
ernet Sanrignon Monte Bdlo 

1981, Les Amis du Vin (01-636 
4020), £21.50; The Firestone 
Vineyard Santa Ynez Valley 
California Cabernet Saaviimon 
1979, Bottoms Up and Peter 
Dominic (0279-26801), £6.15; 
Rosenoant Estate Gwnawarni 
Show Reserve 1982, Arthur 
Rackham (09323-51585), £6.99 
(fresh supplies available from 
October): G. Cramp & Sons' 
Orlando South Eastern Austra- 
lian RF Cabernet Sanrignon 

1982, Ostlers (01-250 1522), 
£3.99: Joseph Phelps Vineyards 
1980 Napa Valley Cabernet 
Sanrignon. Oddbins (01-481 
2944), £ i 0.95; Moss Wood Mar- 
garet River 1983 Cabernet 
Sanrignon, Alex Findlater (01- 
624 7311), £11.95; PteifoMs 
Cabernet Sanrignon Bin 797 
1982, Sainsbury Brothers of 
Bath (0225-60481). £19.15. 
Source Wine, August 1986. 

Times Portfolio Gold inks are as 
follows: . 

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z Times Portfolio Its) com pri s e s a 
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tween junctions 6 and 7. S 
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bound exit slip road and. north- 
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10 (Easterhouse). M5h North- 
bound carriageway .closed be- 
tween jundions 9 and 10, 
Surfing; two way traffic on 



X 50 
on so 
03 M 
- .77 
i 1.19 


1.1 M2 
06 A2 

15 SB nki 
IS 59 ruin 
15 .59 ram 
15 59 dhundar 
15 59 ram 
15 59 rain 
15 59 rain 
15 59 ram 
18 6 i ram 
18 61 ram 
17 63 rain 

18 .61 rain 
17 63 ram 

Filrililtenuir . X 

PmsMck 2M ■ - 

Glasgow 4.1 

Thu* ZB - 

ft w n ewty 123 - 

Uiwicfc 9.5 - 

Wk* 6.9 . 

Knkna 103 

Aberdeen as - 

St Audraws 9.1 Jtl 

M nbutgh 5.1 

mifit - .14 

14 57 dpute 
14 57 c*oudy 
14 57-doutfy 
13 55 mnv 

12 5« sirtty 

13 55 sunny 

14 57 sn»r 
14 57 sunny 
13 S5 sunny 
13 65 sonny 

Ttetan Uontta/s 8pm 

12 54 ram 


■TODAY: c. dourtd. drtzzte: t. tain ift log; r.rain; s, sum w. snow, lihindr.. 

C f C 

s M 79 Cologne c 16 
s a 84 Cptajpi -J 17 
S 30 86 Cotta s 30 
s 31 88 DubHn r 10 
c 18 64 Du h nwiita s 26 
s 32 90 Pam s 23 
s 37 99 nor— ce a 27 
1 30 88 Ftankfut 121 
S a 84 RmefiK « 27 
Omm C 21 

S a 77 CUbraHv a a 

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ere? Limited of X " Virginia 
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C F - 

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1 23 las 

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s 26 79 Sydney” s 19 g 

c 27 81 Thn^er- • f 25.3 
f 30 SB Tai-Svtv -a.SL 9 
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s 23 73 Tokyo s.3t §f 
» 24 75 Toronto" f-».S 
I 16 61 Tunis ».«8 
c 18 81 Va te nd B • s » S 

wP 1 . 



Si/-' ■' ' •' 

• A - 

« 31 88 V aiaflra r* 4 

& ' 
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c 15 58 Verier e 
* 20 89 Vienne' .*2fW 
0 11 62 Warsaw, -f;« 

— ■ * oa orersaw, s 

s.a 8« waetftw* 

c 23 73 Wamtan f 
a 4*111 Zorich - 

5.3- * 

i ^ *4.« 
vt -; -mo 

■s;,7 k 

By David Smith, Economics Gurespondent 

banks in the Wednesday's half-point rates 
s reduced their redaction in the discount rate Britisl 
& rates yesterday, by the Federal Reserve Board, dex 1 
died strong gains - took heart from the string of 1 276. 
t and encouraged prime rate reductions. stocks 

interest rate op- . ’ Only small ■ regional Hanirc a poic 
ndon. ■ followed the Federal Reserve Pro 

Moigan Guaranty Trust re- move last ' week, although 
duced its prime rate from. 8 there was a cat by the larger 

Ensign bid 

per cent to 7.5 per cent at the 
start of business and was 
quickly followed by the First 

Wells F ar go bank on Monday 


At lunchtime in New York, 

National Bank of Chicago, the the Dow Jones industrial av- 

Ensign Trust, the invest- 
ment trust 80 per cent owned 
by the Merchant Navy Offi- 
cers Pension Fund, said it bad 
received acceptances for 26.7 
per cent of Berry Trust at 
yesterday's first dosing date 
for its hostile £86 million 
takeover offer and is extend- , 
ing its bid by a week. 

The figure represents accep- 
tances of only about 4 per cent 
of independent shareholders 
as Ensign had already claimed 
lospeakforsome 225 per cent 
of Berry. It also puts Ensign at 
level pegging with the “white 
knight" concert party led by 
GT Management. 

Meanwhile, Berry has ar- 
med to the Office of Fair 
Trading that the public in- 
terest could be damaged if the 
bid succeeded. - 

. Harris Trust : and Savings 
Bank. Continental IHinoisand 
Chase Manhattan. 

Investors on Wall Street, 
disappointed last week be- 
cause of the failure of the big 
banks to follow last 

erage was up 21.09 points, or 
1.13 per cent, at 1,892.86. 
Bond prices also gained 

In London, it was felt that 
the prime rate cuts could add 
to pressure for lower interest 

Imbalances 6 to persist’ 

i By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Large imbalances in the 40 per imt against the mark . 
world economy will persist and the yen and by nearly 30 

despite the dollar’s sharp (all 
against other currencies, a 
report from Goldman Sachs, 
the US - investment house, 

1 be US trade deficit and the 
corresponding surpluses in 
West Germany and Japan will 
last until action is taken In 
complement the change in 
currency values, according to 
Goldman Sachs. 

per cent mi average against all 

The mitral effects of this has 
been to produce a “J-carve” 
worsening of the US current 
account, forecast by Goldman 
Sachs to be in deficit by S135 
hillion this year, and improve- 
ments in Japan and 
Germany's external position. 

Templeton up 

Templeton, Galbraith & 
Hansberger, die US invest- 
ment house, announced a 47 

w Japan is forecast to have a 
current account surplus of S79 
This iod udes oodting the US billion thk year, and Germany 

budget deficit, reducing 
“excess" savings in Japan and 
referring dedming public sec- 
tor deficits in Germany. “The 
prospect of half-point interest 

per cent jump in its interim 1 rate reductions is only 

pretax profit to $23.2 million tiairwftift at the edges," the 

(£15.6 million). The interim 
dividend' was 3 cents., and for 
the foil year will be not less 
than 40 per cent of profit after 
tax. Tempos, page 18 

report says. 

Since its peak early last 
year, the dollar has fallen by 

But next year, even after 
trade has adjusted to the new 
parities, the US deficit is 
predicted to improve only 
slightly, to $120 billion, while 
Japan is forecast to be in 
surplus by $62 billion and 
Germany by $23 billion. 

rates worldwide, including 
British. The FT 30-share in- 
dex rose by 5.4 points to 
1276.6, and government 
stocks Were up by around half 
a point 

Prospects for lower base 
rates in Britain are still 
thought to be rather gloomy, 
although some analysts see 
scope for a reduction before 
the annual meetings of the 
International Monetary Fund 
and World Bank in Wash- 
ington, at the end of next 

The dollar held up well in 
the foce of the prime rate cuts, 
despite market doubts on 
whether the Bundesbank* 
West Germany's central bank, 
will announce a reduction in 
interest rates at its council 
meeting on Thursday. 

A token cut in the Lombard 
rale from 5.5 percent to 5 per 
cent is widely expected, al- 
though a reduction in the 
discount rate, now at 3.5 per 
cent, will be a surprise. 

The dollar rose to 
DM2.0475 from DM2.0420 
against the mark, and also 
gained ground against the yen, 
rising from 15335 to 154.75. 

The pound, which lost 
ground yesterday morning, 
recovered following the US 
prime rate announcements. It 
dosed 45 points down at 
$1.4855, having traded below 

The sterling index was 0.2 
down at 71.1 at the dose, 
having been as low as 70.8. 
And the pound recorded a 
fractional net gain on the day 
against the mark, dosing at 
DM3.0432, after touching a 
new low of DM3.0250 




Heron offers £50m 
for Rumasa assets 

Woodrow rise 

Tfcetonsfruction company, 
- Taylor Woodrow, reported 
a interim pretax profits up from 
£ £19.5 million to £20.1 million. 
J. The- 1985 figure was resiated 
' to reflect achange in account- 

■ mltM, CJI 

Norwegian premier confirms 
talks on cutting oil output 


mg policy. Turnover M from 
£389 million to £377 million. 
The dividend was increased 
by 12.5- per cent to 2.25p 
net. Tempos, page 18. 

Lloyds trims 

Lloyds Bank said it had cut 
the size of its China trade 
department staff in Hong 
Kong but denied it was reduc- 
ing its presence in China. 

Edgar resigns 

Mr Anthony Edgar has 
relinquished the post of chair- 
man of Rainers (Jewellers) 
and has resigned from its 
board and from boards of 
other companies within the 
group. Mr Gerald Ratner, 
chief executive, becomes 
chairman and chief executive. 

Stavanger (Reuter) — Norway, 
the second largest oQ-producer 
in Western Europe yesterday 
rave the firmest indication so 
for that it will tiy to- help the 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries (Opec) to 
boost world -oil prices by . 
cutting back its own output 

Mrs Gro Harlem 
Bnmdtland, Prime Minister, 
addressing an oil conference, 
said the Norwegian Govern- 
ment would contact oil com- 
panies operating in Norway's 
offshore fields to discuss “how 
possible restrictions in 
production can be best 

She refused to confirm that 
Norway would agree to 
production cuts, saying no 

official decision had yet been Mrs Brondtland said in 


Norway produces about 
880,000 barrels per day (bpd) 
and has been hit hard by the 
stump in prices on a glutted 
world market Last November 
a barrel would fetch around 
$34 (£22.86), now the asking 
price is around $14. 

Mrs Brondtland said that 

By Carol Ferguson 

Williams Holdings, the ac- 
quisition-minded industrial 
holding company, more than 
doubled its pretax profits in 
the six months to Jane 30. 

Tbey jumped to £55 million 
from £2.7 million last year. 
Turnover rose by 57 percent to 
£75 million. 

Williams announced yes- 
terday that it will pay an 
interim net dividend of 5p a 
share. And, if there are no 
unforeseen circumstances, it 
will pay a final of 9p, making 
a total of 14p. 

The results include a full 
six-month contribution from 
Ra wiping, acquired at the end 
of 1985. Also included Is a 
five-month contribution from 
Spencer Clark Metal In- 
dustries and a two-month one 
from Fairey Engineering. 

Duport, acquired in June, is 
expected to begin contributing 
in the second half and more 
folly in 1987. 

The Williams statement 
was optimistic about the 

By Judith Hnntley 
Commercial Proper 

-May, when her minority La- 1 -remainder ofl986. It said that 

bour Government took office, 
that Norway would consider 
co-operating with Opec to lift 
prices ifthe 1 3-member groun 
could agree on realistic mea- 
sures to curt) its own output. 

She described Opec's de- 
cision in Geneva earlier this 
month, to cut its output by 

would not prevent overall rf irpninn ft t « 

SS stabilisation of {he oil 
as new fields were scheduled 

the benefits of corrective ac- 
tion taken on some ac- 
qnBitions would be felt only in 
the second half of the year. 

The outlook was “most 
.encouraging, " and the com- 
pany expected to make signifi- 
cant progress in tire immediate 

The results have been an- 
nounced earlier than usual 
because the company is in 
talks with London & Midland 

Commercial Property 

Heron International, 
Britain’s second largest pri- 
vate company, whose chair- 
man is Mr Gerald Ronson, is 
making a Peseta 10 billion 
(£50 million) cash offer for the 
property division of Spain's 
Rumasa Group, the financial 
and industrial conglomerate 
which was taken over by the 
Spanish Government in 1983 
on the verge of collapse. 

Since that date the Spanish 
Government has been pri- 
vatizing Rumasa’s assets. The 
Heron offer is for one of the 
last -remaining pans of the 
Rumasa combine which in- 
cluded banking, finance, ho- 
tels. retailing and sherry 

The market had been 
expecting Heron to make an 
acquisition, probably in the 
UK. The company said in its 
year end report that it was 
looking for expansion in the 
□ext year or two but that it was 
difficult given the high levels 
of the UK and US stock 
markets and its position as a 
cash buyer. 

The Rumasa offer would 
give Heron the chance to pick 

claims 38% 
of votes 

By Our Commercial 

, > \ -i 

Gerald Ronson: a unique 
opportunity in Madrid, 
up a portfolio of offices in 
Madrid from the remnants of 
the once all- embracing em- 
pire of Senior Jose Maria Ruiz 
Maieo, the former financier. 

Other property interests 
including a department store 
have already been sold by the 
Spanish Government 
Heron already has a large 
development in Barcelona 
and other property interests in 
Europe. The company com- 
mented yesterday“We see 
this as a unique opportunity to 
acquire office rental space in 
Madrid, which is much in 
demand after Spain’s recent 
entry to the European 

Highams, the private com- 
pany making a £37 million bid 
for the Manchester Ship Canal 
Company, is leaving its 625p 
per share cash offer open while 
building up its voting rights in 
the canal company. 

Highams said yesterday that 
it has 54 per cent of the voting 
shares in the canal company. 
But the structure of the 
shareholding, which gives 
small shareholders a dis- 
proportionate number of 

.votes, means Highams only 
has 38 per cent of the voting 
rights. It also controls 56 per 
cent of the publicly-held 
equity. % 

Highams says that it has 
virtually won control of the 
company, a statement which 
is denied by the Manchester 
Ship Canal Company's board. 

One of the unusual features 
of the bid is that 3,000 of the 
canal company’s 8,868 
shareholders cannot be traced 
and their voting rights will 
never be exercised. 

Many of the shares were 
held by the same fomilies for 
almost 100 years and have 
been lost Highams figures for 
the number of voting rights it 
can exercise takes into ac- 
count the lost shareholdings. 

Gresham House, the invest- 
ment trust has rejected 
Highams offer as “derisory." 
And the MSCC has support 
from the Harrap Group, its 
second largest shareholder. 

Die attraction for Highams, 
which is the private textile 
company of Mr John Whit- 
taker, the chairman of Peel 
Holdings, the retail warehouse 
developer, is the 300-acre 
Barton site close to Manches- 
ter city centre. 

Highams wants to develop 
the site with retailing, a pro- 
posal unlikely to find favour 
with the Labour controlied- 
Man Chester City Council, 
which bolds 1 1 of the 21 seats 
on the canal company's board. 

BET wins control of 

Brengreen Holdings 

By Our City Staff 

to come on stream. 

Overall Norwegian output 

Prices finned slightly on the 

is due to increase dramatically news from Norway yesterday, 
by next year to more t ha n a with North Sea Brent oil for 

million bpd, with three new October trading about 15 

fields pumping out oil 

cents a barrel higher at $14.60. 

Project sold 

Brazil to seek 
reduction in 
debt payments 

Simi Investment Inc of Los 
Angeles, an affiliate of Rohan 
California Investment, has 
sold its 135,000 sq ft high- 
technology development in 
Simi Valley, California, to the 
Whittaker Carp for $6.9 mil - 1 

Rio de Janeiro (Renter) - 
Brazil will try to negotiate a 
reduction of its debt servicing 
to about 2.5 per cent of gross 
domestic product from 3.8 per 
cent, a spokesman for the 
Finance Ministry said. 

He said this would be 

Tomkins team takes 
over at Pegler 

By Richard Lander 

BSR moves 
back into 
the black 

-t*"* ‘ A'lLJ 

lion, recovering its total equrty ^eved partly by projected 
m the project. GDP growth of at least 7 per 

n . _ - . cent over the coming years, 

Bristol deal lower interest payments and 
i i u- rescheduling of debt payments 

. Bristol Ofl & Minerals has Q Ver longer periods. . 
signed an agreement to sell its ^ lV ,_ t 

interests in the Dutch North The spokesman said that 
Sea for £2.6 million to Senhor Dilson Funaro, the 
Eneigieversorguag Weser- Finance 
EMS of Germany. Jfated h ewouldtekeatoi^ 

stance with bankers but that 
~ any decision would have to be 

Tenpas 18 Ctonmfities U> negotiated. 

Cony News 18 Fordgn Exch 19 Brazil has a $107 billion 
Win Stmt is Traded Opts 19 foreign debt. Last year it spent 
usmpSL » $9J9 Mion on feSgn debi 
Stedt Market 19 Share Pres 21 interest payments. 

Mr Greg Hutchings, chief 
executive of the FH Tomkins 
engineering group, has rung 
the changes among the top 
management at Pegler- 
Hatterstey, the valve and tap 
maker captured by Tomkins 
in June after a bitterly-fought 
£192 million takeover battle. 

As pari of a restructuring at 
Tomkins, Mr Harold Grace, 
managing director of Pegler, is 
taking early retirement, two 
years before his contract ex- 
pires, while the Pegler com- 
pany secretary, Mr Alastair 
Miller, and divisional diree- 

Greg Hutchings: rin g in g 
the ffhangWi 

nized into three divisions to 

tors, Mr John Hope rnd Mr take account of the acquisition 

i 18 CoOHicxfities 19 
News 18 Foreign Exch 19 
Will Street IS Traded Opts 19 
Comment 19 Unit Trusts 20 
Money Mrlas 19 USM Prices 28 
Stock Market 19 Share Pres 21 



Haw York 
Dow Jonas . 

Hong Kong: 

1B9&2B* (+21.51) 
1884083 (+75^9 

1917.00 (-29J 

- 292J9 (-0J 

Commerzbank 2090.7 (-11 5) 


General 3837.05 (+541.33 

Paris: CAC 405.7 (+3^ 


SKA General n/a 

kondon dosing prices Page 21 



Royal Insurance - 

Kefock Trust 

CVD Inc 

Meadow Farms ~ 



Emess Lighting — 
Press Entertain, - 

Lament Holdings . 


Reed Executive ~ 
Saatdii & Saafctn 


Sun ABance 

Templeton Galb. _ 

Henry Nelson, are resigning. 

Mr Hutchings said yes- 
terday ^the changes bad been 
arrived at amicably and were 
limited to senior manage- 
ment. He said: “There really 
was not a place for them. We 
have got our own people and 
they understood that." 

He said '^substantial" 
compensation had been paid 
to cover the directors' 

Tomkins is to be reorga- 

of Pegler, based at Doncaster, 
South Yorkshire, by for its 
biggest asset 

Mr David Stark joins the 
board to look after Pegler’s 
overseas and distribution in- 
terests, while Mr Jim Sanger 
will be divisional director of 
the Pegler-Hanersley indus- 
trial group. 

In addition, Mr Bob 
Muddimer is joining Tomkins 
as director in charge of 
Pegler’s building products 

By Alexandra Jackson 

BSR International moved 
back into the Mack In the first 
half of 1986. Pretax profits of 
£3.6 million were reported 
yesterday compared with last 
year's interim loss of £3 
millio n. The profits benefited 
from a pension fond-related , 
credit of about £1 million. 

Turnover rose 10 per emit to 
£149.1 minion. The interim 
dividend was increased by 9 
per cent from 0.55p to 0J>p. 

The weak dollar bad a 
damaging effect on profits. 
BSR wants to move further 
into high- technology prod- 
nets, particularly cellular ra- 
dio and electronic display 

BSR hopes eventually to 
float part of Swan Housewares 
which is now trading profit- 
ably. Earlier this year, 60 per 
cent of Tenby Industries was 
floated on the Stock Ex- 
change, raising about £11 
million net 

Tempos, page 18 

BET, the industrial services 
group, won control of 
Brengreen Holdings yesterday 
even before it had posted its 
revised offer document to 

Having bought a 28 per cent 
stake in Brengreen from Mr 
Michael Ashcroft's Hawley 
Group last week, BET said 
that its original offer had 
received 27.9 per cent accep- 
tances. With other purchases 
made in conjunction with its 
advisers. Baring Brothers and 
NM Rothschild, BET can now 
speak for 57.7 per cent of the 

The original agreed offer of 
45p per share ora one-for-nine 
share swap remains open 
while the new bid document is 
finalized which values 
Brengreen at £32 million. BET 
is now offering 50p a share, 
the price paid to Mr Ashcroft, 
while maintaining the paper 
alternative at one-for-nine. 

Mr Neil Ryder, a spokes- 
man for BET, said work was 
also continuing on a new offer 
document for HAT, the build- 

ing industry services group. 
Lari week BET raised its offer I 
to £1 14 million, but still met 
hostility from the HAT board. 



Templeton, Galbraith & Hansberger Ltd. 


I am delighted to report to you that for the six months ended 30th June. 1986, 
■the Ttempleton, Galbraith & Hansberger Ltd. companies performed even 
better than anticipated. You will see mat after-tax profits lor this period were 
$17,617,000. an Increase of 44 percent overthe previous half-year period’s 
return of$12,243,000. Earnings pershare grew to 11.0 cents. Assets under 
management attained $9,146 million. Of the increase in assets under 
management $1,077 million was attributable to mutual fund sales and new 
private accounts. Based upon these results, on 23rd August the Board of 
Directors declared an interim dividend of 3 cents pershare which will be 
payable on 8th October to the shareholders of record on 17th September 1986. 
Worldwide trends are contributing to an escalation in the performance 

BP venture 

British Petroleum and the 
China National Offshore Oil 
Corporation have signed a 
con tract to search for oil in the 
southern part of the Yellow 

Sandberg says Hong Kong’s goal 
remains to buy a European bank 

From Stephen Leather, leading players in the stock 
Hong Kong market in London, but it does 

not dent our desire to have a 
The Hongkong and Shang- Enropean presence in the form 
hai Banking Corporation is 0 f a commercial bank," Sn- 

out to bny a European 
commercial bank. 

Announcing interim profits 
up 7.9 per cent to HKSU97 
motion (£104 million), Sir 
Michael Sandberg, chairman, 
said the acquisition of a Euro- 
pean bank “remains a goaF. 

The Monopolies and Merg- 
ers Gosunissioit has already 
turned down the Hong_ Kong 
bank's agreed merger with the 
Royal Bank of Scotland, but 
Sir Michael said, it had not 
been deterred. 

“We have increased quite 
dramatically our involvement 
in Europe by taking over 
James CapeL one of the 



Bank Base: 10% 

3-moitth Interbank 9»,8-9 ra *% 
3-month eligible biasS?<o-9VX> 


Wingate bW. — 

Cambridge Elect 



— 410p(-4flp 
.... 415p(-11p 

200p (— 1 Op 

. 375p (— 8p) 

Prime Rate 71*% 

Federal Funds 5 ,f is%* 

3+nonth Tteaswy BBte 5^9*27%’ 
30-year bonds Wn-IOOK* 




£ DM3.0457 
£: FFr9.9700 
& Mtor.71.1 

£: $1.4840- 
& DM2.0495' . 
$: index; 118.8 

London Fixing: 


New York: 

Comex $381,30-381-80* 


.75 (£257,00- 

ECU £0.682378 
SDR £n/a 


Brent (Oct) pm$14.65 bbi ($13-85) 
- Denotes latest tnufing price 

James CapeL one of the 


Michael said at the top of his 
new HKS5227 million head- 
quarters in Hong Kong. 

Sir Michael said the bank 
had been offered a number of 
opportunities “but none has 
fitted so for. Obviously we 
hope that one day one w3L" 

The bank has US$1,200 
million (£810 million) on 
hand., the products of three 
perpetual floating rate note 
issues launched over the past 
two years. 

The money has not yet been 
earmarked for use, he said. 

Sir Michael said demand 
for consumer finance renamed 
strong in the first half, particu- 

lariy on the borne buying front. 

“I would like to see Hong 
Kong industries taking a more 
robust attitude towards the 
future and increasing their 
investment," he said. i 

“Hong Kong's confidence is 
coming back slowly and 
investment hi plant is also 
increasing rather more slowly 
than we would like." 

The bank is carrying' for- 
ward retained profits of 
HK52322 million, compared 
with HKS2.068 million for the 
six months to June 30, 1985. 

Earnings per share are up 
from 29 cents to 32 cents after 
being adjusted for a recent one 
for five capitalization issue 
and the bank is raising its 
interim dividend from 1216 
cents to 13 cents. 

a global-scale market 

lam pleased to announce two important corporate developments. The first is 
the September launch of a new fund, the Tfempleton Income Fund. Also in 
progress is the organisation of a HongKong office, scheduled to begin 
operations early In 1987. 

j f From the Chairman’s letter. 

I Financial Highlights « 

I (unaudited) I 

Six months ended 30th June 




Ipro formal 







Profit on ordinary activities 
before taxation 



Profit for the period 





Earnings per ordinary share 


Interim dividend of 3 cents pershare . . 


Rjr0«vw<VrhrlnirrtmSFrti'Tnmi Augiisr l^W.planeappliin, TtwSbcrrtnni. Templeton. Ga]lfrtMh&,HansbergerLJd„ 
HO 6.Vusau.5a/rama<ior ioCoziiioitS-Cu . J2 Tjfcentious^ YartLLctttUmEC2R TAX. 



* J «■ 
j'lv 1 

_ _ , l JuJ 




































IP ^ 



Alfad Signal 

Am Brands 
Am Can 
Am Own’d 
Am El Pur 
Am Express 
Am Hama 
Am Motns 
Ashland Oi 
At Richfield 
Avon Prods 
B ante mar 
Bank of NY 
Beth Steel 

Bg Warner 
Bnat Myers 

Burr ton bid 
Can Pacific 
Central SW 
Chase Man 

dark) . .. 
Coca Cola 











86 % 














12 % 














10 % 



















12 % 








2 % 




6 % 






12 % 


66 % 

8 % 











10 % 













141% 141% 
ClmbtaGas 40% 41 
CmbtnEng 29 29% 

ComwIthEcI 33% 33% 
ConsBfei 51 52 

Cn Nat Gas 29% 30% 
Cons Power 12 12% 

CntrlData 25 25% 


Dart 4 Kraft 
Delta Air 
Detroit Ed 
Digital Eq 

Dresser tnd 
Duke Power 
Eastern Air 
Estm Kodak 
Eaton Carp 
Emerson □ 
Exxon Corp 
Fed Dpt Sts 

















68 % 

86 % 

















8 % 






•g •g 

F« Chicago 

GAP Carp 
GTE Corp 
Gen Corp 
Gen Electric 
Gen test 
Gen MBs 
Gen Mom 
Georgia Pec 


Inc 18 % 
Grace 49% 
GtAttlTte 25% 
Gr'hnd 31% 
GrumanCor .25% 
Gulf & West 67% 
Heinz HJ. 


8 ■ 
74 % 
21 % 
86 % 

















88 % 
























58% 58% 
17% 18% 
138% 137% 
11 % 12 % 
69% 58% 

53% 54% 
51% 52% 
72% 73% 
16% 16% 
27% 28% 
86 87% 

53% 53 
84% 64% 

2 % 2 % 
77% 78% 
47% 48% 
25% 25% 

40 46 

2 % 2 % 
47 47% 

51 51% 

40% 47% 

28% 28% 
63% 63% 
84% 66% 

58% 56% 

111% 113% 

• £>sw lAsna (Exasaamn. 

tot Paper 
Irving Bank 

Kaiser Atom 
Kerr McGee 
Lucky Strs 
Man Hnver 
Marine Mid 
Mr! Marietta 


MbrstaMng iii% 113% 
MobflOfl 35% 35% 

Monsanto 72% 73% 
Morgan JP. 92% 92% 

Motorola 40% 41% 
NCR Corp 62% 53 
NLIndstrs 4% 4% 

NatDWtrs 35% 35 
Nat Med Ent 23% 23% 

NatSmcndt 9% 10% 

Norte* Sth 81% 81% 

NWBancrp 39% 40 
Oocttitnst 27% 27% 
41% 40% 

46% 46% 
43% 43% 
PacGasS 26% 27 
Pan Am 5% 5% 

Penney JjC. 76% 76% 

Psnnzcri 52% 53% , 
Peolaco 31% 32% I 

l hBekUvw rioseo a nm 




Phelps Doe 

Pimp Mrs 
PPG tod 
Rodcw o llnt 

Sera Lee. 
S co tt Paper 
Sears node 
Shea Trans 



88% 67% 

20 20 % 
75% 78% 

9% 9% 

67 68% 

66% 67 
77 • 78% 
46% 48% 
62 -83 

42% 43% 
42% 43% 
87% 87% 
66 % 66 % 
69% 70% 
31 31 

32% 32% 
61% 80% 
59% 69% 
46% 47% 
53% 53% 
54% 55% 
SO 31% 
20 % 20 % 
37% - 38% 
76%' 76% 
46% 46% 
43% 50% 
35% 38 
52% 52 
320% 331 
39% 40% 
31% 32 

Texas ECor 26% 27% 

Texas tost 117% 119 
Texas Ut3s 37 37% 

Textron 55% 55% 
TraubsCor 48% 46% 
TRW toe 97% 98% 
UAL Inc 54% 53 
Unlever NV 223% 22S 
Un Carbide 21% 21% 
UnPacCor 57% 57% 
UW Brands 29% 29 

USGCorp 39% 40 
UJdTectmd 45% 45% 

USX Corp 19 19% 

Unocal 20% 20% 
Jim Wafer 49% 50% 

WmerLmbt 61% 61% 

Weis Fargo 111 111 

Wstghsea 57% 57% 
wayerhser 38% 38% 

Whbtpool 71% 73 

Wootworih 49% 43% 
Xerox Corp 57% 57% 
Zenith 24% 25% 


Scat Comp 


Alcn Akim 




Con Bathrst 




In I °* 


Verity Corp 



12 % 
















pSBCxsotLi Trued.* UnortuT 



12 % 

14 % 

12 % 









20 % 





Inquiry by 
EEC into 
dumping 9 

From Jonathan Braude 

The competition directorate 
of the European Economic 
Community is expected to 
open a ' new anti-dumping 
inquiry into s number of 
unnamed American suppliers 
of the liquid fertiliser, urea 
ammonium nitrate (UAN), in 
the next few days. 

The inquiry will be into a 
complaint brought by the EEC 
Fertiliser Industry Associ- 
ation (CMC). 

The CMC case, if success- 
ful, could lead to firmer prices 
for tbis product during the 
1987-88 fertiliser season, air 
though EEC sources have 
emphasized that, the price is 
also subject to fluctuations in 
the value of the dollar and ibe 
cost of natural gas-based 
feedstocks. - 

CMC — its members in- 
dude UAN producers such as 
IQ, BASF and several Dutch 
and French companies — al- 
leges ihatsome United States 
companies have been selling 
the product at prices well 
below those in the American 

The sudden influx of 
American supplies over the 
past year, after a three-year 
absence from the EEC market, 
has caused a considerable loss 
of market share fra* domestic 

France, which accounts for 
70 per cent of. the UAN 
market in the EEC, imported 
about 70 000 tonnes nitrogen 
equivalent, IS per cent of 
consumption, from the US in 
tbe 1985-86 season to 


Leaner and fitter BSR is back on course 

BSR International finds it 
almost as hard to chart its 
progress as do analysts, no 
doubt because of its depen- 
dence on the volatile US 
market However, the pun- 
dits are still tzying to find 
their feet in the quagmire of 
the group's fortunes. 

Prospects looked good in 
1983 and 1984, when re- 
results raced ahead 

m a 1982 loss of £17.4 
million, to profits of £ 20.8 
million and £26.8 million 
respectively. A 1982 
ratio nalizatio n programme 
to 'be having the 

• However, hopes were 
dashed last year, when the 
group plunged into losses. 
The sharp fell in the com- 
puter-related market was to 
Uame. Moves are albeit now 
to make BSR less dependent 
on high volume, low marg in 

Although yesterday’s in- 
terim results saw the group 
hack in profit, there is still a 
question mark over 'the 
strength of the recov e ry and 
the potential of new products. 

Money is being invested in 
higher margin areas. Power 
supplies, cellular radio and 

iwmriatwrl fnirmurniratintx 

products and electronic dis- 
play systems are obvious 
recipients. Next year, the 
company hopes that commu- 
nications will be con tending 


log scale 300 





matdy half of tbssrowth was 
attributable to capital 
appreciation of investments 
and half to new funds. Some 
$200 million of these were 
“separate account*” such as 
pension funds and founda- 
tions. lire rest was sales of 
mutual funds (unit trusts). 

The company is generating 
cash at a prodigious rate and 
now has liquid resources of 

for the title of biggest profit 

The full order book owes 
. more to a genuine pick up in 
:• demand rather than a further 
reshed uling of business from 
: -last year. Ax present, BSR is 
playing safe and is resisting 
the temptation to expand its 
manufacturing capacity. In 
the longer term, acquisitions 
remain a priority. 

BSR is now leaner and 
fitter. The balance sheet is 
healthier and in time Swan 
.Housewares may be floated 
off a la Tenby Industries. 
However, a leaner company 
' may make a tastier morsel for 

- a predator. 

BSR, to feel less vulner- 
able, needs to avoid upsetting 
■the market. Expectations for 
the present year are under 

- £15 million, having been £20 

Looking forward to next 
year, more than £20 million 
is needed to keep people 
happy. The low rating, about 
half the market's average, 
indicates that there ax? s&Q 
sceptics around. 


By most of tbe criteria by 
which fond managers are 
measured, Templeton, Gal- 
braith & Hansberger has 
done well in the six months to 
June 30. The interim results 
announced yesterday showed 
a pretax profit increase of 47 . 
per cent to $23.2 milli on 
(£15.6 million) on turnover 
which was up 66 pfir cent to 
568.6 milli on. 

Assets under management 
grew by S 22 billion from the 
end of 1985 to $9. 1 billion at 
the interim stage. Approxi- 

most probably in the UK 
after the big bang. Whik the 
group's investment record is 
excellent, most of its success 
is attributed to one man, its 
founder and leading light, Mr 
John Templeton, who is 73. 

He is responsible for 
ma na g ing 56 billion erf* mu* 
tual funds. But the $3.1 
billion of separate foods is 
managed by other pro- 
fessionals in foe firm, includ- 
ing security analysts. And 
while he may get most de- 
cisions right, such as invest- 
. ing in Spanish banks, the 
group missed out in West 
Germany because he did not 
like German accounting. 

At a price of 213p, the 
shares are not out ofline with 
similar vehicles. 

Taylor Woodrow 

A set of results from a 
naturally cautious group such 

as Taylor Woodrow. whidh 
are acknowledged by foe 
directors as anything more 
exciting than "not 
u ns atis factory** would scad 
the shares roaring ahead. 
However, even foe chainwjn 
and chief executive, Frank 
Gibb, would have Ideal 
yes te r da y's interims to fcaye 
been a maximally better. 


sates and the 
ofl price are reasons 
a dull fecit half 
movements were also 
even though average -ex- 
change rates are nowused^ 

Around 10 per. cent' sfos 
lopped off prefits , owing to 
poor figures from Octavius 
Atkinson, the structural steel 
business and from Seafotih 
Maritime which is 
on ofl exploration work. Gen- 
eral oveneaswork has bqen 
depressed by a cutbacks fitifo 
economies based on ofl. 

Housing in the UK contin- 
ues to reflect _a buoyant 
market but tradtxw is poor in 
Houston, Texas; Honda afed 
Western Australia. 

For the year as a wjbKde, 
before restatements, TaytorJ 
Woodrow shouldi 

last year's £53.7 i 

wil] have to weak ban^< 
however, to change tbe wg' 
figure to a six. Doubts foaritl 
wifi do this could hdd fop 
shares bade in the shortterm. 

ures in £000 for six months to 
June 28. Profit before tax 1,535 
(1,378), tax 25 (nil), extraor- 
dinary items credit 1,000 (nil). 
Earnings per share 8J8p 
(7.83pX The directors believe 


The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation 

Incorporated in Hong Kong with limited liability 

1986 Interim Report 

The Directors announce that the unaudited profit for the six months ended 30 June 1986 attributable to the shareholders of 
the Bank was HK$1,197 million (1985: HK$1,109 million), an increase of 7.9%. The profit was arrived at after providing 
for taxation and after making transfers to inner reserves. 

Tlie Directors have declared an interim dividend of HKS0.13 per share (1985: HKS0.125 adjusted), an increase of 4%. The 
dividend will be payable on 1 October 1986 to shareholders whose names are on the Regjsterof Shareholders on 
30 September 1986. 

Consolidated Profit and Loss Statement 
for the six months ended 30 June 1986- unaudited 

6 months to 
30 June 1986 

6 months to 

> *- 

■ a» 

Net profit of The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation 


. bn 



. and its subsidiary companies 





1 1 

Share of net profitsof associated companies 








' 1,474 



Profit attributable to minority interests in subsidiary companies 
Profit attributable to the shareholders of Tbe Hongkong and 





• • 

Shanghai Banking Corporation 



■ 1,109 


Transfers to reserves by subsidiary and associated companies 




( 6 ) 

" * 

Interim Dividend 



. (472) 






B 1 

Balance brought forward 





Transfer to Reserve Fund 





4 m 

Exchange adjustments 




,( 6 ) 

• ml 

Retained profits carried forward 

2,322 _ 




a a. 

Earnings per share 







Dividend per share 

Consolidated Balance Sheet details 


£ 0.011 



£ 0.012 


30 June 1986 


31 December 1985 
- (audited) 

Total Assets 
Shareholders' Funds 












Prospects for the rest of 1986 

In Hong Kong stable economic conditions prevailed during the first half. The stock market was firmer and the higberlevel 
of property prices achieved after last year’s strong gains was maintained. Declining interest rates, and an exchange rate 
which continued to be linked to the U.S. Dollar, resulted in an improvement in the competitive position of the 
manufacturing sector. There was a sharp increase in domestic exports, though to some extent this was offset by a decline in 
the value of re-exports. Demand for consumer finance remained strong but although a limited number of large scale 
financing projects began to come on stream overall loan demand was sl uggish 

pick up in growth brought about by a further decline in interest rates and if their predictions proved to be correct thisrives * 
remains !) 5 * oro P tmilsI11 ' ^ >ro ^ t S row ^ 1 “ most subsidiary and associated companies is encouraging and is expected to 

■ Against this background the trend of the Group's earnings is expected to show a steady improvement and your Directors 
expea to recommend a final dividend of not less than HKS0.27 per share. 3 

Closing of Register of Shareholders 

; not laterthan 4.00 pm on 12 September l! 

Directors* Interests 

At 30 June 1986 Directors and their associates had the following interests in the shares of the Bank and in the shares of 
.Common Stock ofMarine Midland Banks, Inc. Except where otherwise indicated these interests were beneficial interests. 


Marine Midland 








CW Newton 










JR Petty 

FR Frame 







Sir Michael Sandberg 

SL Keswick 







JW McKee, Jr. 





* non-benepdal interests 
















By Order of the Board 
F R Frame 

Hong Kong, 26 August 1986 


that there will be c o n tinui ng 
growth and progress in the 
second half As indicated in the 
offer for sale document, the 
directors expect to recommend 
a final dividend of 2.7p. 

TRUST: Interim (in Dutch 
■guilders) F10.04 (same). Fimres 
in FIOOD for six months to June 
30. Total income 2385 (2343), 
net income 1,830 (1,969). Earn- 
1.07 (0.08). 

The board says that the outlook 
for the remainder of die yf ~ 
remains good. Profits for 19 
are forecast to increase to not 
less than £43 million (£3.4m), 
and dividends will be up by 19 
per cent to 63p (53). The 
company’s organic growth will 
continue to be supplemented by 

mgs per share F10.07 1 
terim dividend 2-2 p ( 2 - 2 ). 
Figures in £000 for six months 
to June 30. Pretax profit 
(5374), tax 1335 (1,771). 
ings per share 63p (9-lp). The 
| chairman says that me outlook 
is more encouraging. There has 
been' a moderate improvement 
in the underlying trend of the 
I order intake in Britain and, 
providing this is maintained, a 
return to more satisfactory 

INDUSTRIAL: Interim divi- 
dend 55 cents (same), payable 
October 17. Figures in Rnmlion 
for six months to June 30. 
Turnover 1,465.5 (1,1 103), pie- 
025 ox profit 1743 (99,3), lax 353 
(17.8). Faming* per share 193 
cents (1283). Given a stable 
value for the rand, continued 
relative industrial peace and a 
limited impact of trade sanc- 
tions. earnings for the year as a 
whole will mow an improve- 
ment on those in 1985. 

profitability can be anticipated 
tor the second half 

TIONS: Interim dividend 13p 
(IX Figures in £000 for six 
months to June 30. Pretax profit 
931 (440), tax 334 (154). Earn- 
ings per share 7.54p (432). 
Earnings per share have been 

| calculated on. • 7,478,6 1 7 
(6331360) ordinary shares. The 
chairman says the outlook is 
for continued progress in 
with the compands high 
growth targets. 

terim dividend 2Jp (1.9p) for 
half year to June 30. Figures in 
£000. Profit on ordinary activ- 
ities 1,407(1,120), tax 506 (448X 

.profit after tax 901 (672X.Eara- 
mgs per share 6p (5X The 
comparative figures for 1985 
have been adjusted to take 
account of the merger of Martin 
Electric in September. 1985. 




Adam & Company. 

Cffln i*H 

ConsoBdated M 
Contmodti Trust. 

. 10 X 10 % 
. 1000 % 
. 1000 % 
. 1000 % 

Co-operative Bank 10X10% 

t Hast & Co 10.00% 

Hong Kong & Stangbai KLOOX 

Uoyds Bank 1QX»% 

Nat Westminster 1000% 

Royal Bank of ScolSanti — 1 DjOO% 
TSB 1000% 

Citibank NA 

t Mortgage Brae Rate. 



Property Security 
Investment Trust 


Extracts from the statement by the Cbahmap, Mr. A R. Pan*’ 

■ Profit before tax rose from £4.7 millioo to £5.4 million. , - 

■ Gross rents increased from £6.8 mlYIion -to ELI million. 

■ Work commenced on Ctiineham Business Park a 90 acre 
site at Basingstoke. 

■ Planting application for 50 

■ Further retail property purchased since per emf, ' 

■ Two thirds of borrowngs.are ntm bag term. ; ; 

■ Net asset value £1.80 per shareagamst £234 per sham 

. last yew: • ■ j 

■ Dividend increased by 20% to ZJp per share: 

» «... m — .■ -L- »-j 

nuniTortM ywr ihii jibt marcii un 

. EOOffs ; IMS ~ m 1984:.:. 

..Rents receivable. . . 
Profit before tax 
Ordinary dividend per 
. share 
Share capital and 



smr : . 6,097.- - 
5319 5,369‘r? 

4329 4,044 

. 2J5p 2.08p 137p 
104,065 95,624 87346 

OaeiwgftteaaBrihtellnartete fa Bii ah tentevtoli teiw tte'Stoftirit^ 
' K KMMMCMM 1 Uw I»*toEEW7U. 

TMs admttaanant is paetMKd Kqr lUL'HodBciUa Sorelim^crb^Dn^atonlPLC. 

. The D&Bcaisol Turner* NenaB RLC » tte pasans mnmsflfeftvine Womai®coit*«nnWsi 
lb the tea nTthew Knowfedge art MU (fang taken al feasmatte cw to eesa M such is tteosalteUoinaion cootanadhitwa*mfe 8 wrttenacart^ 

TteDtei^otTbrDaSrteaaUPllJaci^ffisiMndtilKyacaxd^ - 

Turner & 

Newall plc 




(part share, part cash) 




182 p 

Friday, 29th August, 1986 

- unless extended* 
vaue of offer Is based on store grice ot TbmBr & Newall a 330pm on 26ttt August, 198a 




aek on 




I Pension f 


: - < ' 


Investors regain confidenci 
and oil shares find favour 




[comment 1 




US prime - rate cuts ■ and 
hopes dial Germany will fol- 
low with lower rates tomorrow 
beljfedto support share prices 
■which had been showing signs 
offlatetM as foe lastly of the 
long holiday account got 

' •- i 


: The -FT 30> share index 

improved by &4 points to 

• r : -f ■ y 


« ■ a 

i--. .ASX 

‘ n . , * s ‘raatl5 

p-i.c. * 



- si*;* 

• -VJ.-. 

• ■ !i ;ncV : 
'** r: ' ""trr: 

* f'tnlltULr&X 
M : 
1361 jj 

tfi 5 k 

s«i {■;• s 



•• .» it - 

— -Jr 

. — CVt 

ict & 


> * *' r jV 

nnprovea By y.4 points to 
dose at 1276.6 while the FT- 
S£ 100 index forged ahead 9.1 
points to 1616.2. 

< Trading began - sluggishly 
with many, dealers stffl on 


holiday, bid confidence re- 
: tufned. as investors ignored 

-i '» *-* 

^turned, as investors ignored 
JWS1; ‘Street's overnight fell 
1 mid began mbbfing at selective 

StOCfe.. -■ 

■ OHS 'were particularly fa- 
voured- a£ain as BP increased 
■petrol pnees by anofocr : Sp a 
gall on. A firm spot price and 
hopei ofan encouraging state- 
ment tomorrow were -other 
sympathetic factors to lift the 
.shares 13p to 653p -while 
. ShdL hoped - by a buoyant 
opening on Wall Street, ad- 
vanced 16p to 901p. 

Other explorers moved 
ahead between Sp and Sp. 
Insurances were also buoyant 
: r eported by a firm dollar 
agajast a nervous pound. Sun 
Affiance, at 709p, and Guard- 
Jah .Koyad, 857p, both with 
interim figures nest Wednes- 
day, daubed 14p." 

. ^Brokers also did wefl .with C 
E Heath rallying 13p lb 487p 
after last week’s weakness that 

stemmed from the loss of 
■ three prominent American 

Leading industrials were 
lately neglected, but P & O 
managed -a 3p rise to 508p 
ahead of figmes next week, 
and Vickers, reporting later in 
September, gamed 7p to 405p. 
.'-Profit-taking - clipped 6p 
from Lucas at 525p, bat 
British Aerospace were 
wanted ahead of the 
Fam borough Air Show, up 
I3p to Slip. Gilts recouped 
early fells of a A and ended 
little changed on balance. ' 

Builders had several firm 
. spots on the trend to cheaper 
borrowing, but John Lafag^A* 
slipped lip to 41 5p as 
employees cashed in their 
share options. Bine Circle, 
under press u re recently due to 
the threat.. of cheap Greek 
imports, eased- 3p to 553p 
ahead of today’s first half 
profits. ... 

Dealers are hoping for be- 
tween £44 million and £46 
million, down from £52.5 
mflfion for the same period 
last. year. Taylor Woodrow 
hardened 2p to 338p after a 
satisfactory earnings increase 
and Tarmac put on 4p to 478p 
on foe project of a big 
contract to baud, a new marina 
at Eastbourne. 

Press comment lifted 
Trencbenrood ISp to 460p, 
but a cautious mention 
knocked 40p from Wingate 

Property Investmeftts at 410p. 
London & Midland, at 220p, 
gave back 8p of last Friday's 
late rise that followed news of 
merger talks with WQUams 

Holdings, 5p better at 650p 
after a bumper set of profits. 

Chloride did well at 54p, up 
Sp. as directors began a tour of 
brokers to advertise the 
company’s recovery potential. 
There have been rumours of a 
stake build-up and plans for a 
sale of the Indian subsidiary. 

Babcock added 5p to J90p 
on hopes of a contract from 
the Sizewell *B* project due to 
be announced soon; The fig- 
ures are scheduled for Thurs- 
day of next week. 

BSR celebrated a return to 
profitability with a Sp rise to 
73p. In contrast, a 24 per cent 
profits setback cut lOp from 
Cambridge Electronics at 
200p. Effiess Lighting put on 
8p to 288p after a 26 per cent 
earnings expansion. President 
Entertainm en t! jumped Up 

ued to benefit from last- week's 
Medicare sale, I3p higher at 
383p. Saatchi was lifted 20p to 
73Sp on' American demand. 

Pearl Assurance added lOp 
to 1483p ahead of today’s 
interim results. Analysts are 
looking for net profits of just 
under £10 million. 

Elsewhere in financials a 
near 50 per cent profits in- 
crease prompted an 8p rise in 
Templet ob Galbraith at 213p. 

Expansion prospects ex- 
cited Argyll Trust at 50p, up 
5fep, and cheaper money 
hopes stimulated Provident 
Financial at 343p, up 5p. 
Losses last Friday snipped ; 
another Sp from Ayrshire 
Metal at 45p. Meadow Farms 
jumped ISp to 280p on 
suggestions that Bernard Mat- 
thews may bid. 

to I26p in anticipation of a 
cheerful statement today . 

cheerful statement today . 

Cadbury hardened Ip to 
170p on the Dr Pepper deal, 
but Rowntnee fell 8p to 375p 
on small selling. Expansion 
hopes boosted Lamont Hold- 
ings r5p to I75p and specu- 
lative demand excited 
Wessoe, another old takeover 
candidate, up 14p to 108p. 

Stores were selectively sup- 
ported with Freemans up 6pto 
450p. Reed Exeatifre contin- 

Sharpty higher profits sup- 
ported Aspen Conummka- 
tions at 333p and CVD , 
Incorporated at 175p, both np 
10p, but Ryan International 1 
softened lttp to 33p after | 
slightly disappointing news, i 

Recent disappointing state- 
ments unsettled Ration at 20p 
and Sangers Photo 79p, both 
down Sp, but Dewey Warren 
rallied Sp to 80p. Recent 
expansion moves helped Can- 
non Street to a 4p rise to 139p, 
but the absence of bid 
developments left DJ Alarms 
down 7p to 98p. 



Stalris: Mr Reo Stakis be- 

• comes president and Profies- 
. sor Round Smith becomes 

chairman ndth effect from 

• October 1. 

Mitel Corporation: Mr 
Thomas Mayer is now exec- 
utive vice-president and gen- 
eral manager of the PABX 
; division. 

H J Heinz Company: Mr 
< Robert MiOar becomes . fi- < 
: nance director 


AnoSa Se 

Secs niSp) 

Borfand (12 
Chetaaa Ma 

Chelsea Man (125(4 
Coated Becsrodes (Wpj 

HiJIe E^onom (9 2p) 
Hughes Food (20o) 
Lon utd Inv (330p) 

M6 Cash a C nn>p) 
Marina Dev (I10p) 
Morgan Grenfafl (SOOp) 
Omnttech (33p) 

Shield (72p) 

CoOne plOp) 
Evans HaBsfow I 
Fletcher Dennys 
GT Management 
Guthrie Carp (151 
Harrison (ISQpt - 

Stanley La&ura (nop) 
TV-AM (130p) 

ids (112p) 

Tandy 4nds 

thrie Carp (15C 
-risen (150p) - 

Panes TV (i90p) 
T3>bet & Britten (120p) 
Trass 2H%M 2016 

Trass 20U 
Unlock CS3p) 

433 4-2 
95 -3 
159 'a +2 'a 
.238 +1 
146 4-2 
68 +2 

Wfndsmoor (106p) 
Yeivarton (38p) 


Brown & Tawsa N/P 

Brown & Tawsa N 
Cityvrsion N/P 
Colorofl F/P ' 
Forward Tech N/P 
Rock N/P 

Sutdiff, Speak N/P 
Television Sth F/P 
Top Value F/P 
Yorivnount N/P 

(issue price ki brackets). 


Time Month Stnteb 

Sop 86 


Mr 67 


Sep 87; ; 


Previous day's total open 

Thee Moon Eimdote 

- 9 K 30 


- 90.78 

. 90.70 

^ 90l44 - 

. 9024 

interest 151 66 

Htah taw Ctoaa Eat VCt 

9039 9030 9033 306 

90.79 9071 90-79 1201 

9033 90J8 90-83 83 

90.70 90 JO 90.72 5 

9053 9044 9053 - 21 

9024 9024 9025 5 





• USTlesephted. 

; Sep 86 : 


; UvB7 

■ 9408 

. 101-13 

- 10M0 

- w 

. tfcV.5- 

Dec 88 _ . 

101-29 J 

•- m-. 

Pravtous deyte total open Merest 21118 
9415 9499 94.14 642 

9418 94.13 9417 2359 

.-9412— ..-. 9498. . 9411 412 

9396 939Q 9394 317 

•' . Previous da/s total open 'mnraat 6293 
101-17 10196 101-12 4071 

10p£t. 10022 10028 534 

_ U 


(Yevious day's total open Interest 1218 
iqi- 35 ioi 3 iar-35 : 9i . 
101-50 101-38 '101-50 24 

. : ior-w o 

NYotk 1.4? 60-1X868 
Montreal 29615-29733 
AfflK , dam3j4124-3.4356 
Brussels 6262-6397 

Cphgen 11^4375-115126 
DubtfT 39237-39448 
Frankfurt 19965-1 .1045 
Lisbon 2139021577 
Madrid 19690-19998. - 
Mian 2064.10-209750 
Oslo 105280-105701 
Paris 9905249719 
SttNm 109110-105848 
Tokyo 22751-230.18 
Vienna 21323142' 
Zurich 24363-24511 




2%-1 Xprem 

: 354ffife 
34eSS . 
.3%-4%dte - - 
"T-X preen . - 

• HeeAe 

224pnm- - 
. 2705(8**; . 

. 11020Sdte 

5-1201* - -• 

- HKiiat 
-5K-4Kiprani . * 
; lX-*prEsa • 


- ZSVr&Kvmji 
3Xr-3Kpram _ 



Pravtoos day’s total open fntoreet166 
121-02 122-00 12031 12131 6872 

Sap 88 —t— 

121-00 122-00 12030 12290 2281 

N/T 121-25 Q 

N/T 121-25 0 

Previous day> MM open tatorast 2557 
16250 165.10 18250 16465 140 

16850 - 16890 16890 16755 2 

Startup fcidaacBiMiecI ill 1975 w as doiari at T1.1 (day's range 7O0-71.1). " 



.Hfat Hatehigs Lastthtefcga . LaatDt 

Aug 4 Aug 15 Nov 6 

JVfll8 - Sep 5. Nov 20 

Sap B Sap 19 Dec 4 

SS options were taken out tax 26/8/86 &roud R 

' Nw6 ,Lfc " Bfl ™ Nov 17 

Nov 20 Seel 

Dec 4 Dec 16 

Stroud Rfley Drunvnond, Consoedatad Gold, 

Camford Engineering. IGa Ore. Freehbeke Foods Group, Noble & Lund, Cannon Street. 
Bristol 09 SWhib, Metal Oosures Group. Blanchards, Goode Currant & Murray 
Group, TV AM, RaJne Industries, Annour Trust. Ransomm Skn* 5 Jafteriw. Ataco, 
ParfatelfljloWirigs. Ferand BSR. Bentax. Turner a Newt* Property Trust, Vaal Beef. 
United Stiontfic. Radan Property. 

Put CotnOlned Leasing Finance. 

United Sctentitic. Raglan Property. 
Put Combined Leasing Finance. 



Brazil cruzado* — 


Fvuand marica 

Greece dachma — 
Hong Kong doflar — 

tedia rupee 


Kuwait dinar KD — 

Malaysia dedar 

Mexico peso 

New Zealand dotiar . 
Saudi Arabia riyal _ 
Singapore doHar — 

South Africa rand — 


Uoyds Bank 

_ 1.4676-14732 

— 2433624383 
_ 05555-05595 


_ 0172809.7380 

— 72430-75830 
_ 19730-19930 
, 115723-115817 


— 358S7-35714 

__ 391153.0260 
_ 5526055660 
_ 3.19233.1960 
_. 35707-35938 

— 5.417534575 




Norway — 


West Germany 
Switzerland — 

Hong Kong 
Sp^nZ — 
Austria — _ 

_ 15460-15480 
— 215453.1565 
_ 2508035110 
„ 05081-09068 
_ 1 3850-13955 
_ 6505099100 
„ 7320073250 
_ 7.73507.7400 
_ 2048639475 
_ 1549015600 
_ 6.705097100 
_ 1547015450 


_ 75060-75070 
_ 145.7014630 
_ 134.1013420 

i asppted by Bardteya Bank HOFEX Mdl 

: Ailed Lyons 

-. Cons Gold 



Pel Jan Apt 
47 57 68 

27 37 48 
11 20 28 

105 115 130 
57 77 98 

22 45 65 
60 92 102 
47 65 75 

20 41 52 

15 25 34 

8 14 24 

3 % 10 — 

18 — 

Oct Jan 
5 B 
13 17 

tries Sept Pec - Mir Sap Pec Mar 
500 13 38 50 25 32 40 

2 17 30 68 72 77 

1 28 



1 IX 



1 10 



i 32 



t 6 



i 13 



! 40 



1 11X 



,27 28 
44 46 

74 76 








Thom QH 












































- 360 













FMi Aag Nev Fab 

; Com u nion 

28 36 41 

13 23 29 

3 12 18 

Brit Aaro 

’Cable &WSm 

42 52 67 

20 37 52 

7 23 35 

3 10 — 

BAT teds 

50 65 77 

11 40 55 

1 16 27 

53 63 78 

23 40 54 

2 20 35 

H 8 — 



Brand Mat 

175 — — 

125 — — 

60 — — 
14 22 28 
5 12 18 

2 5 — 

65 — — 

- 52 60 

25 — — 

114 — 

4 — 

B — 



30 47 62 

2 22 37 

1 9 20 

Brit Telecom 


18 24 30 

% 12 19 

54 5% 9 

1 * — 

— 13 

15 — 

Cadbury Sdnvpps. 

lend Sec 



Shea Tran* 

■ TrirttegarHousa 

■ _r282) 

900 125 152 - 

950 82 112 130 

1000 45 73 90 

1050 22 45 60 

300 29 38 47 

330 11 19 28 

360 2K 9 16 

180 35 41 48 

200 17 24 32 

220 S 12 18 

750 150 160 172 
800 100 113 132 
850 60 75 92 

240 47 53 6C 

260 29 35 43 

280 17 23 33 

11H 21 25 

1 10 16 
13 6 

73 80 — 

43 50 — 

- 13 25 — 

68 68 75 
28 38 47 

2 18 25 



30 37 42 

20 26 32 

10 19 25 

42 57 72 

2 25 40 

1 12 22 

1 7 13 

3 20 28 
45 B 53 

94 5 9 

1 15 18 

12 27 30 

52 55 - 

1 13 17 

15 32 55 

65 70 72 

1 5 10 

7 14 19 

26 28 30 

1 6 834 

11 15 17 

31 34 33 

12 — 

13 — 

2 IP — 

1 3 5 

1 8 12 
10 22 23 
1 5 7 

1 7 10 

3 11 14 

1 8 15 

15 27 32 

65 65 67 

Business was patchy with 
the ponds little disturbed m 
foe morning whi te fo e longer , 

rates b ffrfad an iiuiuspiring I 
pound. Buyers were showing 
some interest in sterling CDs 
with maturities in foe area of 
six to 12 mouths towards foe 
end of the day. Straight depos- 
its also improved at foe long 
end. Local authorities mostly 
stayed away. 

Clearing Banks 10 
finance House 10 

D isco unt Market Loan* % 
OwnvpWHWi.954 tOw9K 
Week weed: 9 

Treasury BQs (Discount %} 
Buying Seta 

2mnth 9’*n 2 mm 9«aj 

Smntti 9*16 3mn9t 9 *m 

1 mnth 9“xr-£Ht 2nmth 9’%*-9*ia 
3ntith 9’i»6K 6 ninth (Pn-O’iv 

Tirade BateJDisoouit %] 

1 mnth 10’%* 2rmth10>3i 
3 mnth 10'w 

tetarbank f%) 

Ovwrtgrit: open 1094 dose 9 
l week to 1 io-i'j 6 mnth 9 "w-9 ii ib 
1 mrth 10'w0“«i Orraith 
3 mnth 9«i(h9 n is 12mth 9 ,, ieO B m 

3mnth 9*»h0“» 12m 
Local Authority Depoeita 

2 days 9% 
1 mnth 994 
Smntti 954 

3 mnth 954 
12mth m 

52 58 72 

10 30 43 
1 13 23 

14 — 

1 6 11 
4 18 25 
43 48 53 
93 95 — 

Local Atehorin 
1 mnth 10X-K 

3 mnth m-&!4 6 mrth 954-954 

9 mnth 954-954 12 mth 954-054 

Bo ec ha m 


42 53 

22 35 
8K - 23 
2 10 

Mar Seo Pec Mw 

83 4 8 12 

43 12 20 25 

30 30 35 40 

20 S5 68 70 

34 4 8 1? 



De Beats 

IB 28 34 4 8 10 

9 18 23 If « 19 

3 10 14 31 32 34 

15 28 38 7 1$ 20 

— — 28 — - 30 

1» 6 - 50 50 - 

“ 75 85 i 

20 45 55 25 33 43 

6 25 40 60 60 60 

17 42 60 22 27 W 

6 20 30 52 52 S 

1 -5 20 102 102 1(B 

flD 135 155 4 2 2 ® 

7S 95 12S 11 30 47 

» BO 90 £ ra 70 

IS 35 60 6S 75 10Q 

74 84 92 1 2 4 

44 56 66 3 8 J 

IS 30 42 8 12 16 

Vaal Beefs 

18 26 34 

2 15 20 

1 8 13 

102 114 124 
52 67 82 

6 43 57 

1» 22 30 

IS 17 19K 
5K 1014 13 

* 5 — 

2 5 8 

6 12 15 
26 28 28 

2 5 10 

3 13 22 

11 30 45 

56 67 85 

Starting CDs f*>) 

1 mrth 10-956 Smntfi , 

1 mrth 10-954 Smith 9 la i»0' , w- 

6 mnth 9S-9» 12 mth EP»-S»* 


1 mnth 5JS-580 3 mnth 5.75-5.70 
6 mnth S-7D-6.65 12 rath 5^560 

1 2% 3H 
114 5 754 

7 0K — 


Series Aag Nov Mar Aug Nov Mar 

200 7 22 31 IB 8 13 

218 1 15 — 13 18 - 

236 1 8 — 31 34 — 

240 — — 9* — — 39 

255 * 4 — 50 51 — 

155 4 

12S 11 

90 £ 
60 65. 

atm ton Hw Fte tag Mw Feb 

106 2)4 3'w — 'w * — 

108 % 1 S tG 214 *37 1*16 **M 

110 »M * 1*16 1% » *« 

Tm 554 614 — *» «ta - 

116 3% 4* “’h* *!» 1*i* V\» 

118 1* 3)6 *ib 2 3 

120 *i# 2* 3* 13 4 

122 '» 1* 3 3 4?is 5* 

124 ■>« — 5 5)4 — 

TrllVfc 1991 



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7 days 5*nS* 

3 mnth 5 , *tihfi ,, M 
O a utidma rit 
7 days 4 4W54 
3 mnth 4*10-4*10 
French Franc 
7 days 754-7V4 
Smnth 745-7)4 
s w ia am oic 
7 days 9H-954 
3 mnth 4^i*-4 3 ui 

7 day* 54ft 
Smith 5414 



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Fined Rata Sterling Enxwrt Ftnencs 
Scheme IV Avera^ roteranee rate for 
interest period July 7, 1986 to 
August $, 1981 ftctoKue iOJ»9 per 



By Amanda Gee Smyth 

Pension funds in Britain 
and foe US -have increased in 
size by 500 per cent in foe past 
10 years, according to a survey, 
published today. The survey, 
on the growing role of pension 
funds in domestic and inter- 
national financial markets, 
was conducted by The Econo- 
mist Intelligence Unit 

By 1983, foe top 300 Ameri- 
can money managers con- 
trolled funds worth more than 
$2,000 billion, the survey. The 
Challenge of Private Pension 
Funds, says. 

About 50 per cent of invest- 
ment fund portfolios in Brit- 
ain and North America are 
invested in shares. Neverthe- 
less, the American pension 
funds invested more than $1 
billion last year on. fixed- 
interest Eurobonds, a figure 
that could double in 1986, 
according to the report 

It points out that ageing 
populations will affect spend- 
ing on government pensions 
relative to available national 
resources, with developed 
countries seeing old age 
dependency ratios - soaring in 
the next century. 

For the big seven industrial- 
ized countries, the peak will be 
reached in 50 years’ time. 

The role of fund managers is 
therefore increasingly im- 
portant as they contribute 
immensely to the improve- 
ment and stability of national 
capital markets, the survey 

If real growth rates are 

BET strong runner in 
the conglomerate race 

BET used to be a ragbag: here and in the United States. Some 

BET used to be a ragbag: 
now that it has introduced some logic 
into its operations, it is almost harder 
to place. After the disappointment of 
losing SGB, Nicholas Wills, the 
second generation chief executive 
who has transformed BET, won the 
second leg of his summer treble 
yesterday by clinching the acquisition 
of Brengreen Holdings, the industrial 
cleaning group. He has already made 
an agreed takeover of the Shorrock 
intruder alarm business. But, despite 
aid from Michael Ashcroft's Hawley, 
he has yet to crack the tougher nut of 
the HAT group. 

Mr Wills, under the watchful eye of 
chai r man Hugh Dundas, has d one 
exactly what he said he would. BET 
now has five divisions aiming at 

strong market positions. In the pro* 
cess, BET has sold £250 million of its 
old businesses, many finally owing 
more to sentiment than logic, and has 
spent getting on for £450 million 
building up its chosen strengths in 
industrial services, construction, 
transport, publishing and (not yet 
quite logically) electronics and leisure. 

The results have started to show in 
earnings per share, up almost a 
quarter at last month's count, al- 
though much of this was due to tax 
management. The puzzle is what 

here and in the United States, Some 
are derided, others lionised. Conglom- 
erates such as Hanson Trust and Sir 
Owen Green’s BTR, are eating other 
conglomerates and spitting out the 
bones. In Lord Hanson's case, dis- 
memberment is the primary skill. 

Two qualities separate the eaters 
from the eaten. Diversified groups 
which have bought into other in- 
dustries, usually because of limited 
prospects on their own, rarely turn out 
to be worth as much as the sum of 
their parts. Industrial holding com- 
panies. for all the fine words about 
management, tend in maturity to 
deliver the average of the industries 
they serve. This is the Achilles' heel of 
groups such as Allied Lyons. Others 
struggle to reproduce the dynamism of 
their founders. 

The successful are essentially finan- 
cial operations that maintain their 
aggression, although they need basic 
good management in the background. 
Hanson has to mount ever greater 
takeover bids to sustain its 

happens when the sorting out is done? 
Conglomerates are going through a 

Conglomerates are going through a 
peculiar phase on stock markets, both 

It remains to be seen how BET (or 
for that matter Grand Metropolitan) 
will develop. Are their leaders 
recreating them or just preparing a 
good meal for someone else? Either 
way, the combination of market 
pressure and management effort can- 
not be bad for shareholders. 

Dumping the competition 

sustained, together with hkh 
employment, foe scope ror 

employment, foe scope for 
private-sector provision : 
would be enlarged as life 
expectancy increases, pension ] 
periods knghfoen and people 
retire earlier. 

But if a zero Teal growth rate 
in gross domestic product, 
coupled with high and persis- 

tent unemployment occurs, it 
might be difficult to maintain 

might be difficult to maintain 
foe current social security 
structures and foe concentra- 
tion of resources on the very 
poor should take the form of 
means tests based on basic 
provisions or a similar 

In Europe, apart from Brit- 
ain, banks rather than pension 
funds have generally played 
the intermediary role in 
providing funds for industry. 

providing funds for industry. 
Pension funds as institutional 
investors - are - almost non- 
existent m Italy and France, 
the report says. 

In the tangled web of international 
trade agreements, where each rule is 
matched by a clutch of exceptions, the 
proof of the dumping is in the pricing. 
The problem is what to take as a fair 
starting price in the exporter's domes- 
tic market. For that determines 
whether, after allowing for export 
costs, a product is being sold too 
cheap in foreign markets. 

Monday's decision by the European 
Commission to impose provisional 
duties of up to 15.8 per cent on 
Japanese photocopier imports again 
questions the justification for such 
measures. Dumping is unfair and 
breaks one of the basic ground rules 
for a global trading system. There is, 
however, a small step between punish- 
ing the dumper and penalising the 
successful foreign competitor. The 
prescriptions used to calculate the fair 
domestic price can virtually guarantee 
thatthe dumping case will be proven. 

Anti-dumping measures are the 

respectable way to introduce selective 
import. restraints, while preaching the 
gospel of free trade. And for the 
companies concerned. How much 
easier to point the finger at unfair 
practices rather than to admit an 
inability to cope with competition? 

Japanese businessmen were quick 
yesterday to attack the new duty as 
part of a “get tough” approach to 
Japan over its trade surplus. Most 
European rivals do not manufacture 
the small and slower speed copiers in 
question. Those that do usually have 
ties with Japanese companies, they 
said. Not so, countered the market 
leader, Rank Xerox, which brought 
the case with four other community 
manufacturers. They argue that it is 
precisely because of dumping that 
more European manufacturers have 
been unable to become established in 
the burgeoning photocopier market 
For the consumer, the upshot is that 
prices will rise. 


Ql CCCCU UilTl INC Ol C C CCll / / 

' / L C J D C J 1 1 U I LI 1 1 C ' ' I L C J D C D I I 

Microwave accuracy 
with car Speedmeter 


Using microwave technology 
developed for radar and guided 
. missiles, Pfessey Is bringing new 
accuracy to the measuring of 
speed in car manufacturers' 
rigorous testing programmes. 

Called the Plessey Speed- 
metei; the new device revolu- 
tionises car testing in many 
aspects, including furi-per- 
mile measurements required 
by law in most countries. 

A tiny doppler module 
under the vehicle sends out a 
signal that bounces off the road 
and returns. The different 
character of the outgoing and 
returning microwaves indi- 
cates speed with a precision 
hitherto unattainable. 

Plc4H> mierowe 

Lawimer f / 

*?•***. v, in. 



tsarottedsigral | 

S’ V|\ 

v / BofftariMtalEeln 

Tests can be conducted 
without wheel slip or bounce 
causing false readings. Because 
there are no moving parts in 
Speedmetei; and no physical 
contact with the road surface. 


, 1 

reliability is extremely high. 

Among the companies in- 
terested are Vfalkswagen, who 
have tested the equipment 
under all types of road condi- 
tions and are highly impressed. 

So was Richard Noble when 
his Thrust 2 broke the world 
land speed record Tor Britain in 
Nevada in 1983, with the 
Plessey Speedmeter aboard. 

Plessey now has a range of mifi- 
tary and rugged computer 
modules based on the popular 
VMEbus. They're a natural , 
development of the existing 
product range which includes-' 
other military processors and. 
commercial V1V1E cards. 

The new range of cards 
includes a 68020-based 32-hit' 
processor; bringing the power 
and speed of this state-of-the-art | 
microprocessor and (he versa- . I 
fifty of the VMEbus to tire 
designers of military and rng- 
gedised equipment. 

Military versions are de-; 
signed for conduction cooling 
over the full mititary tempera- ' 
tore range. 

Rigged versions are elec- : 
finally identical bnl operate - 
between -40 °C and +85°C with 
forced air cooling. 


The UK Chii Aviation Authority has chosen the Plessey Watchman 
primary radar for its medium range air traffic control requirements.' 


&&■■■■■ ■ ' 

The new aerodynamic Ford 
Granada police concept car for 
the 1990s now being demon- 
strated to police forces through- 
out tire country is equipped with 
a Mobile Data Terminal sup- 
plied by Plessey. 

The law-enforcement ver- 
sion of the Granada has a 
wealth of high technology 
equipment on board, making it 
one of the most sophisticated 
police vehicles on the road. Its 
Plessey Mobile Data Terminal 
effectively provides a built-in 
computer terminal consisting 
of a high-visibility display and 
keyboard for messages. 

It operates over the police 

radio, which provides a high- 
speed data link, to send and 
receive both alphanumeric and 
graphic information to and 
from police headquarters^ 

The equipment is currently 
in use with police forces in 
Sweden. Belgium, Hong Kong, 
the UK, USA and Canada. 

UK companies' competed 
strongly for this system, which 
will be sited on the Norfolk 
coast close to Cromer 
It will provide low-level 
surveillance in the southern 
North Sea with the prime 
objective of monitoring heli- 
copters flying to and from 
North Sea rigs. 

The CAA’s new radar 
station, known as Cromer 
Radar; will be unmanned and 
will feed radar data to a new air 
traffic control facility being set 
upatStansted AiTpon. 
Performance and reliability 

are of prime importance for the ' 
remote station. Watchman- 
radar can meet this require-" 
ment with a single medium-; 
power transmitter, based on a- 
uavelling wave tube. 

Highly efficient ami-clutter.. 
performance, a particular- 
feature of Watchman, is also;- 
vital, as Cromer Radar is sub— 
ject to ground clutter and, at 
limes, heavy sea-returns. 

Plessey was able to meet ther 
extremely tight schedulesei by - 
the CAA. and will undertake, 
the system integration andr 
installation which will cany an - 
on-mounted secondary sur--; 
veillance radar antenna. 

The Ministry of Defence ■ 
has already chosen Watchman ■' 
for use at Royal Air Force * 
airfields and Royal Navy 
stations as well as at the-; 
important airfields’ at Bos*-' 
combe Down, Famborough.^ 
and Bedford, 

Btf CWar Omg YU 

&8 on* Ong Via 

Na H0! Me 1823 2050 

Prof &wna 160 102* 

Cg w noaay lifts 12&S 

FWOlkl *6.7 *18 

GoUSGoi '58 176 

H Loam 1ft* 17ft 

prop Srsra (U 713 

UwEimr *51 481* 

VMortd Tedi 414 ** i* 

(nr Gfonffi BE* lOSOo 

Aw heoma B9.0 62S 

MW SWI * Col 227 2 13 

tan Growth 05.0 893 

Euro Smtber 16ft 179 

Far East 52ft 563ft 

Hong Kong m 25.1 a&ftft 

hUGo-dl 37 6 401 

Japw Barf 814 888 

Japan Snftnar 164 173c 

Ennui 82.4 883 

E«n u»**l 04.7 S7.7 

9-i7. flanyman Rft I My w on* 
0444 458144 

Rnanow 1849 133J 

Sexftar co't tee 22E7 2*f. 

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♦0.7 019 
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>00 371 

Bd Otter Ong YU 

Wi hearts That 727 805 +03 5,06 

GftlRwdM S32 58.7ft +03 837 
Tat Of M» Trusts 01.1 65.1 ft *1 1 1ft6 
Opaefal Sra Trust 7M 1U -.241 
m AW That 800 83ft +03 Iftft 
Far Ewan Hun 85.0 SOS* +0 ft OS 
MIQim 51.6 54ft +03 133 


St Oea^e Ha* Cumaal ft i St Covancy OH 

0203 5S3231 

WORNMACCUn 1474 1580 +05 34ft 

Do Incoma 128.1 1383 +OS 348 

X r he , __ 

tncoma 1973 209ft 
SHAad Acaan 1023 107.6 
00 ham B74 92 a 

mi flaw Tkttacun 1344 MZ9 
Fa Eft* Tie team 1543 174ft 
Ewo tm teem i« 2ft tts.i 
G eneral Hot 2308 251ft 

boc— runoBcn 
1. Lamnoa Pom* m. union E 
O1-823 40M 

US smaaar Co s Tift 789 
Capon Find K775 1143 

tesSm* Fund 793 880 
Hr Easnm Rm& 773 £3 

Owwo hears 729 78ft 
Food hwatt SBft 632 
MM Ras Ftnd Md 41 ft 
Eurapewi home 82ft 663 

180 Warn Gecroa St Otago* 02 . 
947-332 BIS 

ona ncad an he 43ft 4ft.* 

Do tansn 44ft 47.1 

tncoma CM he 402 42ft 

Do «eun 422 44ft 

Samoa Cete he 48.1 Sift 

Do M cun . 482 31ft 

Rrvor Wait TertnOg*. TW8 1DV 
0732 382222 

awe* 151 >25- 

Amr Easy neon m fflJ* 

tmr EnA Site »1 

Far ESS he 3S5 VS 

eat ft Fbwa in **320 

Grown 8 Income 983 lOlfl 
Jasm Speon St* 482 516 
1614 1E8 

128.1 138ft 

345.1 2807 
1973 209ft 
1623 107.6 

674 920 

Man taifeoa he 

1949 133.6* 
22SL7 2460 
1471 1682 
656 70ft 
75ft sift 
603 6S0* 
102ft 109.7ft 
98ft 830 
06ft 915 

Hw SMC*. Manga London EOT 8JT 

General he (4) 2139 22S.1 +4.4 309 

Do Acaan N» 3<2jj amft +7.0 309 

mom Fund a tOi.B 1071 +24 4ft4 

Do Acaan (3J 17&2 1879 +4.1 454 

ho Inc P5 13UB 1386» +32 1.43 

DO teem a 1740 1513 +42 1.43 

On** he <SI Cl 1.48 T&17 *02 3 277 

Do Accum (SJ 21200 1296 +015 277 

125. rogn Hofcom. Lenders WC1V 6PV 
01-242 1148 

CS Japan ft* 97ft iCM +4 


Growth 2753 284.1ft +2 

ESS ^4 343.W +a 

F»r Em* 2213 35ft +10 


E ' 11 


1« •'iD r '-''-’irV: : l 

1\ ~~ B ~Tk>4~| 

E753 284.1ft +27 304 
B24 3410ft +31 1® 
ETIft 28Sft +109 028 
f»3 ISIft -0.1 058 
493 523ft +03 1-S 
Sift 55.1 C +13 130 
61ft 8590 +1.7 050 

Am* Bun neon 
Atner Spacro Site 
Far Sail he 
GM 6 FbwdM 
Grow* 4 heom 
japan Specs* 9a 
Jsc*n Try* 

01-621 0011 

• Marks London ECS 7 JO 

ana* ma -*42 US 

2797 2902 +22 *5* 

289.1 3003 -21 038 

JasnnHwt iftift 1620 

Mnand ht TM 148.4 lfT.f 
Max tfcom* Egwty 793 053 
ProfsaoMrai SSi 88.4 363ft 

g^lf^ECSA 6AN 

Asanesn Beam* E3S42 381ft 
Japan Enwrys £4237 438ft 
Am Property Ttt 51Q7B8 0 ft 

Property Trutl £ 2 0 8 2 0 

♦415 340 
+03 348 
+1.0 468 
♦Oft 406 
♦0.7 364 
+0ft 2 jB* 
+03 041 
+80 036 

*44 I.0J 
♦0ft 123 

+24 039 
*0ft 488 
-Oft 032 
♦ift 330 
+13 800 
+02 4.15 
+8-1 101 

+1.0 MO 
+ 1.0 .. 
+11 100 
+13 .. 
+1.6 IftO 

♦63 061 
♦63 439 
+04 1.71 
40l 3 3.70 
♦0ft 882 
+1.0 480 

♦3.1 001 
♦Oft 579 
+04 2ft7 
♦07 043 
♦1ft IftO 

1 ■ 1 1 ‘ If !■ T* : 

f >'r : n 


1. KM MM St EG4N 7AU 

OR Tnat 102-1 1003* +0181085 



01-588 1015 

Hv Furd 387ft 447 

Ffctwd Ini 1444 8S0 

Itopnm 100ft US 

owwBawj pjmwgn giTFw 
2 Foe Soaat London EC2V 5AQ 
01-388 1615 

Income 36+14 5ft5 

KOVI *10 078! -J. 

OsgcMtl 1000 080 


l uyirna q 

Narrow P'001, annul 8S2 OJH 
0800 373383 

Anar Growth 23.1 34ft -Ml* 

Ecury hkt tncona 4ift 445e +09 4J0 

Biia>oan Growth 29ft 315 +68 200 

Qanaral Bast* 334 40ftft +0ft 250 

qST*rS%« 3» 30.1 61.7ft +62 ag 

OS « Rsa« he 254 28ft0 +OB 050 

nte Sacuftes 255 25ft +6.1 230 

MnaeM 351 374 +02 090 

rei7ci»wa*h. London EOT 8BU 
01-728 1998 

Barm Hue 45ft 401 ft +0.1 SB5 

ESaWa 1624 1727ft +34 

Rnsncaai 167ft 1779ft .. 2ftB 

am smear 805 582 +tft ift3 

OaTSManM 280.1 2979 +29 296 

Income 8 Growth 307 422ft +07 085 
Japanese 8 PaOttc 2027 21580 +77 064 
mhAoar OtMi 1029 1094 +06 1.13 

M Roccwy 110ft 1177ft +0.1 1ft6 

SmMer Co s 2119 2249ft +03 1ft8 

Octal he Tat 58.1 819 +09 5.16 

SpacsD Sts Acc 2774 286ft +23 140 

t l 81.7ft +07 320 
4 889a +04 940 

01-728 1998 

IS ?us 


am smear 

bid Rnoawsry 
SmMer Co s 
Ootal he Tk 

9890 +64 940 
25ft +6.1 230 
374 +62 040 

+1ft 143 
+24 246 
+07 4B5 
+77 064 
+04 1.13 
+0.1 148 
+04 146 
+04 6.16 
♦23 140 

r rB 


, ^'>1 

Oomi Hem. WUang 0U21 UW 
04802 5033 

hoi heoma That 2384 2587 +7.1 512 

Qrbwtn Thai 2164 2314ft +22 3-10 

Aenancoi That 1304 1304 +1-1 072 

Soiay RH2BL 


UK Incona 494 824 

UK Growth Accum 484 51ft 

Do Dai 484 514 

European Growh 554 BBS 

ndKOrawOi SBft 599 

4. Mstolle Croac m t EOntMtfi 

Amenean Fund 737 78ft 

Canal Ftnl 944 100ft 

Growth 8 he RM 1284 1354ft 
Mon Oat Fund 107 8 1151 

hSmaunN Fund M04 212ft 
PMrvroni Fa) 224 234 

S' wpCDIRa 37 1 39.8 

10. Fenowcn St Lcnoai EC3 
01-823 8000 

European he 
Do Accum 
General he 
Do Acaan 
G* VIM he 
Do Acaan 
High Yield he 
Do teem 
Juan Incona 
Do Acoai 
N American he 
Da Acarni 
Rule ham 
Da Accwti 
S nftr Co s he 
Do Accum 

1326 141 I +1.7 394 
954 100.1 +19 143 

1177 1232 +24 143 

<569 1684ft +24 249 
214.0 227 1 +04 299 

1150 1184 +14 940 

1854 191.0c +21 940 
884 927e +1.5 550 

1724 1834 +30 540 

1028 1954c 
1504 1502 
121.0 1250 
2950 3064c 
(4) 2121 2190 
274 297 

+07 218 
♦20 148 
♦64 448 
+14 5J8 
+24 1.06 
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♦24 aao 

+24 343 
♦44 0.17 
+24 042 
-04 0.10 
+0.7 337* 

Juan Incona 2594 2734 -04 OJ 

to Acoai 2818 2757 -0.6 OJ 

N American be *85 527 -03 OJ 

Do ACCum 87 6 61.1 -04 O! 

Pacta heoma 1331 1*24 -6.1 0. 

Da Acarni 1537 1507 -0.1 OJ 

5m* Co s he 80 1 064 +14 1.: 

Do Acasn 954 IDt I +1.8 1J 


7+78 Mm PMmenl.Lqntiqn K2A UO 

Bam Road. ChaBanhani. Qtoucam GL58 7LQ 

03*2 321111 

UK 8 abncaa he 

68 ft 


♦Oft 2J7 

Do tow 



♦Oft 2ft2 

UK Growth Aeeura 


88 ft 

+0.7 1.72 

UK 1+571 Inc toe 



♦1.1 5.10 

N American tonrn 



♦Oft 1.08 

Far Esttatn Accum 

1050 1120 * 

+ 2 ft 000 



+2ft 070 

WMil H he 



♦08 8 ft* 

Do Acaan 



♦Oft 709 

74-78 Fhaany PnWOT London EC 2 A UO 
01-588 2777 oaaati gO l-638 0478/B MonayOufta 

Crowai on 
M Ractnenr 
UK Growth 
Em he 

he 6 Growth 

587 804ft +01 0.41 
10*1 1110 +24 267 

1392 l*04ft +67 142 
374 *04 +0.1 218 

55.1 5B4ft +0.7 742 
284 279 +62 7.83 

1934 2087 +22 491 


18 8'.- 
00 45 

130 S3 
89 33 

108 32 

275 183 
123 10* 
297 204 
152 152 
121 100 

150 131 
290 215 
250 IBS 
355 163 
180 131 

620 443 

*0 IB 
233 180 



53 31 

IS, 7*. 
91 31 

253 139 
30 14 

34 IB 

43'. e,.» 

135 88 

Z20 105 

151 138 

27 19 

210 95 

200 125 
130 73 

250 IBS 
59 56 

358 178 
193 113 
3*5 230 
9 S'r 


<2 27 
195 130 
320 03 

89 62 

t4fi as 

■ 350 213 
120 8* 
125 63 
128 125 
IB 7 
253 120 
17 8 , 

*0 31 

803 535 
IIS 70 
168 152 
23'.- 11 
40 28 

98 67 

95 53 

. 124 in 
108 45 
. 175 110' 
50 30 
118 74 

60 38 

- 343 208 
108 85 
143 114 
415 308 

76 50 

114 98 
138 75 
103 63 

B7 75 

- 73 43 

178 118 
140 78 

9> 63 

Z1« 195 
83 35 
29 SO 
us 13* 
57 40 

138 105 

115 75 
228 130 
460 3*5 

2*’; 18, 
52 39 
148 IBS 
31 9 

325 245 
43 23 

379 3*4 
148 115 
100 61 
33 25 
15 7 

215 135 
255 138 
246 151 
155 136 

90 55 
«2 18 
133 123 
73 72 
65 31 

as u» 

ata saaesen 
Aotavo us t 
ABadaan S* Haa 
Acorn Comp 


Ant jfj a Secure** 

Wa rn 

A» HDtOBr a Wca 
Do wmt* 

BIS Grp 
Bedlam nwftsa) 
Barman A Fount* 
Bonsens Gnspe 
B arney A Hay 

S?* - *’ I? 

Cnm awy Go 
Bo I « crerei 

Bntanrea Sec 
Sr BUadshck 
Br island 

Brown (CnvW) 

CCA GaAenes 
CM. MKro 
CPS Comp 
CPU Comp 


Caheanun ON 
Cannon areal h* 
Centra TV 
Chancery Sacs 

Ow*pam Europe 

OftMl Wan 
Own Metho ds 
Cnaaisn w 
C a y eat en 
CDynsm 7, 


dark® HOW 
(ynpu Gold 
SdTo 1 HdG» 
CDetad B sc w d as 
Odtea BitetW 

CDkxpen he 

Coir FhancM 
Cons Tan um 
C end Mbswm 
C owan 
CPM _ 


Qaft tce a 

Oarm nea 
Oatun Lodea 
Crown H 

□J Sac Aterma 


QMac (OVJ 
Oaan ft Boms 
Oa frantMM) 
Oonmra _ 
Denmans Bee 
Downy Waran 

-a 2ft 

♦1 7.7 


+7 23 


1 ft 


I 5.7 
+1 M 

1ft Aft 10ft 
+4 8.40 SJ 17.0 

&1 U1U 
+6 .... 
1.1 ftft 10ft 
•ft 6ft 711 

2-16 1ft 18ft 
I 12ft 8ft Bd 
Aft 73 10ft 
» ftO 1ft 17.8 
18 ZA n 
+5 11.0 4.1 1M 

a* id 11.1 

2ft 1ft 1&4 
1ft 24ft 3ft 
0 4ft 

M 4ft 13ft 

+* 3ft M#J 

-S 17ft 5ft 127 

ai 2ft 12ft 


ai 2ft 21ft 

+'s 36 35ft .. 

iZ 2223ft 

• 1ft 

1ft 2.1 Eft 

3ft £0 293 

00 38 
SB 85 

220 1*5 

103 06 

670 420 
1*8 9* 
150 93 

47 38 

n 73 
195 100 
17 11 
80 32 

1B8 05 

124 80 

129 SB 
91 90 

177 110 
38 19 
115 01, 

180 ISO 

2 i 

210 133 

258 198 
40 28 
*50 383, 
390 233, 
145 1*3, 


96 90 

V&* WB 
138 105 
158 119 

a* a, 

14 0, 

IBS 115 
255 188 
230 189 
31 18 

115 *4 

330 253 KLP 
SO 87 Kant (A 
800 22D Kenjon 
93 55 Km-a; 

113 67, KBrti-Tl 
113 67 
63 37 
125 70 


SB 9+4 
670 +0 


88 -2 

78 • 

150 • 




118 -2 


5 *3 

127 +2 


98 • 

» 72 

195 +6 

230 0-8 

41 ■ 

*50 +10 



190 -3 

60 -5 


29 r +1 

118 +8 


171 +1 


7 -1, 

155 +2 

2* +5 


28, «+l 

118 «-2 

86 +1 

310 +5 

81 +2 

280 • 

78 • . 

88 +S 



106 • 





E alng B eet Optiea 
Eon Fund 

EMnaga Rape a 
□ e uiun hobo 
B*ew«e Date P 

Emen awm ara nua 

g g tf Oy 


fi h Group 

FaaiUMpi . 
netens Due 11 5 

£1 £028.1 
.. ..BO 
1ft 1ft 2Z0 

7.1 a 17ft EBft 
67 2ft 1*ft 
37 4ft 129 
2ft 2217ft 
74 832X* 
07a 1.4 1EZ 
78 7ft 12 
2ft E5 18ft 
6ft 8ft 125 
1ft 1ft 130 

.. 26ft 
1.7 . 1ft U2 

2.1 21 BO 

1 a 2.1 u 

4ft 2ft 20S 
3ft Aft 202 
04 1ft 14ft 

2ft 8ft as 

29 21 16ft 
5ft 7ft 57 
10.7*117 S3 
7ft 38104 
6ft 13 28.1 
Oft 1ft 154 
£6 6ft 142 
21 24 220 
0.4 1ft 22ft 
&6 3ft 14ft 
» .. B2S 
08 2ft 17ft 
Aft Aft 13d 
2ft 25 136 

1.4 105 28 

7.1 6ft lift 

3ft 7.1 18ft 
1.7 63 22 

26 00 107 

. . . . 10I 

4ft 4ft 11J 
7ft 4J KJJ 
27 28 WJ 
117 17 17J 

4.1 2ft XU 

37 *d .. 
24 03113 
10 04 144 

21 04 1U 

.. .. sot 

Ift 7.4 1CL! 
21 2ft 173 
43 2I1SJ 
08 3d U 
3d 4ft lid 
4ft 09127 

8ft 8ft 7ft 
3ft 1ft SOS 
21 2B lift 
1ft 4d ISA 
6.1b OI 2*7 
57 26 21.1 

1.1 27 183 
123 27 17.7 
t2ft 02163 

3d 27 18ft 
4ft O7-t0d 

07 OO 18ft 
OA 67 7d 
Id 23 203 
21 Oft 203 
33 1ft 160 
OO 17ft 21 

7ft 4d 97 

07 20206 
33 Td 31.1 
7ft 4ft ISO 
-.8-. W 
5ft Aft 14d 
OID 63 131 
25 4ft 93 
47 1ft 17ft 
23 ■ 26 17.7 

14ft S3 122 
17 23 107 
Iftb 21 124 
09 49 7ft 
40 OS 7ft 
. . ZOA 

08 06101 
2ft 40 102 
OO 7.0 10ft 

as is 109 

a £8 214 
05 08 
40 &0 5ft 
1ft 1ft 2Aft 

47 22 

183 BZ 
SOS 231 
>33 IK 
220 130 
47 13 

158 108 
iza S2 
158 144 
50 26 

S3': 15, 
IIS 63 
175 125 
367 237 
31 9 

a 14 

95 76 
ZT 10': l*ratO 
144 91 Notanlc 
W S3 Norton 
135 83 
*8 U 
73 36 

37 22 

1*3 85 
255 ica 

» Aft 


+15 64 


-4 Aft 

» 08 


-8 1ft 


•fi 30 

♦ft 3ft 

-a 2 * 

♦2 4ft 3.1 102 

I 10 1ft 7ft 

*3 34 ZS 12ft 

Aft IftZSft 
21 03 95 

4ft 41 Wft 





% P/E 


U 83 



8ft 14ft 




td 27d 


1 .. 2Sft 



.. 8ft 


• ♦« 


30 M3 


E3b 2ft 64ft 



U 83 

r . . 



23 77ft 





8ft M3 



. , 

33 IA« 






23 33 


• -j 


23 103 






0d 123 





33 107 
33 12ft 



% , 




£9 147 


-- a .. U 



93 15ft 




14 iSft 


87 Sft 









53 18ft 


. . 


.. 17.1 






ttft .. 




33 373 
23 221 






40 225 


+ ■ 

.. 23 








El lift 








ift 43 jD 






03 377 




80 EG 






13 277 



13 275 



13 63 



3ft TEI 



3ft 121 



21 127 







37 123 



4ft TOft 




27 11 


.. 52 




27 ill 



1ft 221 



63 21 


.. 2ft 



43 142 







Sft 247 



236 23 234 


.. 002 



7ft 19ft 


.. 360 




13 21 J 



20 23d 



17 73 






40 .. 



6 M 6 







7.7 100 


4Jb 1ft 4E1 



1ft 127 



£5 370 



1.1 .. 

1.6 20ft 




O 124 


• +2 


Sft 54 



03 264 




40 273 




38 HI 




17 220 


• . 






60 60 


+ « 

73 124 



45 . 



44 21 



77 93 



34 18.1 



£ft Sft 



35 114 



25 113 



7ftb 83 lift 


Sft* 67 10.1 



17 21.7 


. 34.1 



8ft Ml 




06 63.7 



17 57.1 




4.1 204 



£0 19ft 


54 104 





1ft 217 




2ft 343 




Oct 1208-30.D 

Doc 1ST4-37^ 

Mar 1509-508 

May : 154A64* 

Mg 157.5«B 

Oct ■■ - 161 J-SZ8 

Vot 1619 
















_ 1305-30? 

- 131.4-01.0 

- 133J0300 

- 1306-301 
_ 1305-207 
.. 1 32.0-30 

, 136.0-37.75 
. 142JM075 

Cash 873JW47350 

Three Months. 88O50-88Si» 

Vot - WTO 

Tone Steady 


Cash. 847 .00-849 iJD 

Thr»aMcrth». 868J0-B88J30 

vai — Mi 

Tona . . Ma 


Cash 2010027000 

Three Months. 272ftO-Z73ftO 

Vd 2050 

Ton® — Steady 


Cult 5*00055000 


Tbn» Uto 

Cash 680 j00-381-00 

Three Months . 58050981 JM 

VW 2900 

Tona ; S te ad ier 


Cash — 34O0O344JDQ 

Three Months . 351.10-352.00 

va NB 

-none ji KBa 


cash 343LXJ-344.00 


• From your .portfolio card check your 
a'ghi share price movemenis. Add Awn 
to give you your overall total, Chrrk 
this against ibe daily dividend Bose 
pvbfeSed on Uus page. If it maidies yon 
have won outright ora share of the total 
daily pros money stated. If you are a 
winner follow the chum procedure on the 
beck of your card You must always have 
your cam available .when dawning 


, m m 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began August 1 1. Dealings end next Friday. §Cpntasgo day next Monday. Settlement day September 8. 

' ^Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

@ Tiacs Newspaper* linked 


Claims required for 
+54 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

wpfl tew Carr tom. 

*5 SOD AurtJM 
-00 a ttmBm 

#g *6 Wft A512.1 
65 .. oil nous 

•IB 613 Udoi 


320 220 VWWli 

5*0 • .. SU inwi 

gf- +•» 77 „ “ 

2 * • - w as Hi* 

500 an Baattnm 536 .. -too 1ft 105 

200 177b BrTftacn T98 R+4 Mft 6511ft 

Tl3 3S 9W Bouari Km 19) U U M 

« ii'.afcjWfc' 17 +ib 0.1 nan* 
152 64 CASE 87 11 17 7J 

vs 34 Ct&m S " i’hi 33 • U Z11U 

215 ?» cw**** s* w -n iu uiu 

M 178 CAP Op 7H . 6-2 2.1 1.1 25.1 

57 37 CSOrW* M . +8 .... 12.7 

225 M# . Da 7*«% CPF 2(6 43 

S .M Carom 320 2.1 fiJii* 

850 CrayB»« 323 • 56 1J2XJ 

Bf 1*0 Oyatetara 202 S 55 52 122 

79 SO DU>0OCt SO -1 U U1U 

790 167 . nitlMW . IS 18 02 .. 

$2 29b IMM -A* 35 W+l 12 <6 7J 

55? Qomno 326 ta+10 22 09 212 

§0 37 OoK»t(Wb ■ 2.1 5212.1 

212 1B2 Quota 175 ..A3 22 122 

446 3*0 BMHamnn 3*6 «... 22 82 121 

B5 46 BKMWeUaeft 66 12 14WU 

a 3 42 atetroafc Batata SI 42 *2 W.0 

337 237 EnM UtfrOna 2H +6 84b 3.1 (62 

2H 2S6 r«w*nrro 232 ro-3 u U1U 

253 147 Fml Baer 106 21 12162 

13 702 Fmm* (MS.. 22 Z3 15J 

SI M finaradTiCb 26 r-Z 12b 22 151 

226 130 OEC 100 •+* 6.1 22 112 

150 90 (taMMr ■ in -4 -82* 6* 10ft 

114 60 MMBKt . ■ 32 42 11.0 

169 90 ML 36 ■ 17 22 21 

JB 225 HMIGHMS3 •+« 12 0.4 .. 

250 175 JenroSmud 250 .. 12.1 42 57 

290 K Koda . 260 4ft 17.1b 62 642 

323 233 UcH*MgMlm 253 .. 172 7.1 «■ 

219 m Lope* 202 -2 1ft* 07212 

423 270 Sfa« ITS +5 154 4,1 156 

IBS 12* Micro 4 1*6 4» 12 OB 286 

433 205 Mae • 980 -AS 12 172 

*2 5V : Ucre BS 56 07 12 62 

250 BO Mcra Focus 112 -7 - .. 

SS 33 MWBTOba 43 • .. u UOJ 

65 44 MratayBact 45 0.1 n 02 857 

M ttll W wn rt tool*) 2*0 4ft 202 7.1 9.0 

10*1 61 MB 95 b 22 72117 

49 U OoBooBro 20 42 

500 363 OdorttMMtiil • .. 82 02214 

32 II PMDom “ SS 12 62 122 

1 m 5»2k - MM STS 62 i . 

17b 13 Pb%a Larop* H/V EWb +b 

an MB Pfco 2SS 72 22 132 

ISO 120 DO 'A' Lid Vo*rg-J7C 72 42 93 

246 182 Hill 1 1 1*4 7 ft 17 IAS 

850 Cray Baa 

% srss 

§0 37 OowftaglMBi 

2t2 162 CUM 
446 3*0 BwKaqmn 

S 46 EtaortnfcUaeh 
42 Bactroota took 

253 147 Fima* Ota 16B 

73 702 tarata IM 

SI M Reward Tick SB 

226 130 OEC 1*6 

150 90 aororoner ■ Ui 

114 BO HgUMEW *0 

168 90 HL 3B 

358 226 HMICBUn 

250 77S Jenamd 250 

290 K> KodB . 260 

32* 233 Lac Hakigarmon 353 

219 T24 Lope* 202 

423 270 MTewa 173 

*2 51'; Mere BS 

66 44 Murray Ski 
313 241*3 Maram* la 
10*1 SI MB 
49 U Oowolca 

312 200 OUdlNRn 
6® 26 Goal PM 

120 39 « MMMm Mm 

446 271 <C Om 
7*> 4'3 CC Ol 
34 2S MXO 
79 11 KCAMng 
243 65 LA5UO 

300 130 DD uroro 
46 U M. IMM o* 

143 Ml Pmoeon 
31 81 Prana* 

50*. 43 M*)M Duet 
*01 *53 sBt 
185 133 5«KMn* 

97 It Soraralpi 
81 11 *? TH Eflarrw 

133 « imamr 
200 00 TiasnEurao* 
210 123 Umar 

32 *1 14 U 12.1 

63 » 44 ., 

446 4* 226 24 11.6 

I .. .. 


15 43 287 60 

126 *2 174 116 AS 

170 -ID MS. 04Q .. 

66 U 160166 

IMb ‘rt 226 36 ’V 

001 *16 666 69 ‘ 66 

195 66 55 2*4 

29 *2 .. .. 1 4 

12 1IJ 

68 *ft 7.1*162 29 

120 ,4ft .. 17ft 

136 '*2 72 54 AS 



ISO 120 - 00 "A" Lid Vo6rTO87D 

246 182 Pllllll 1*4 

2A »■* DO ADR & tlfi 4*1 

Weekly Dividend 

27S 235 
M- 61 
29 16 

73 37 

132 84 
Z7 9b 
IS 150 
126 05 
128 80 
574 446 
473 8*6 
161 IS* 
104 84 
137 72 

104 -63 
» TS 
71 56 
172 61 

70 54 

94 80. 

«1 106 

Sira* h Mm #b 
Caka tnaM Motny 150 

Conbr Go 12* 

CbcOM 554 

CDimyMd* 47S 

cmueti (Dnti 153 

DmObW W0 

Btoba A Owdy Orel 121 

SManw 316 

HAT ’ 138 

McMSar 235 

HMdwi-Sluart 67 

H*iM*aa a— i 220 
HgllM 629 

BMDcfc Johraan 184 

JlWMlSaa 425 
CMog B 415 

■ Do V ■ 410 

iMSOBMMa) rn 

SSrST^ <S 
SSi 480 - m 

Maiay - 116 

M n adi oa —) 2Di 
May • HhmB ill 

McApn* 1AMWI 4B 


mm 11 a 

SI s 

1W 67 Pho*nbTMiM 
395 2*5 Pod** 

666 440 RMC 
.482 340. IMi—nd ■. 

323 in wu*n9d 
191 133*1 Ruroy Omwoc 
145 67 Sharp* A War 

64 -70 S-rwl (J> 

5i6 -34ft 7Wa*e . 

34B S06S Tqdor Wtadm* 

180 140. TtW, Cliou; 

433 3ZS -Tom* ft AnaM 
101 73 -7M . 

1 SS 13* TuBlII ■ 

361 195 VbDpM 

2 M 246 WmcT- ~ 

.6* 56-. WBrMcnm 
204 172 vnaiwa 
B5 S7 WN*b Brew — 

164 41 Wggln* 150 

281 157 wSStJCOtlMM 253 

221 120 WtaporlSmB 221 

U 5J335 
AS .39 166 

.. .. IS 

AO as :: 

as um 

34Jb 4.4 IDS 
SS 1J12S 

as 6611.1 

U UM.1 
680 3J2ZU 
AJ 46 160 
25 28 120 

SS AS 7ft 
A7 3ft ML* 
SA 7 J 17ft 
BS 7J 14ft 
2ft 21 339 
7ft 21 11.1 
5ft UOl 
.. .. 67ft 

24 2611ft 
■ mi as 14ft 
124 21 17ft 

7.1 asms 

14ft 3ft I/ft 
KLD 24 11 J 
1O0 2ft 1L7 
6ft Aft 26 
65 7ft. tft 
102 29 14ft 

iH £%} 

5 ft 4ft 22ft 
7ft 27166 
ai ai ..- 

H s3S? 

1ft AS .. 
23 7S1&9 
229 57 122 
167 1ft 172 
9ft 52 13ft 
7ft 32 13ft 
lift 62 7ft 
200 29151 
(U 27 1AT 
.123 43 10ft 
U 51 17ft 
-S3 2421ft 
-6ib 6117ft - 
134 2ft ZOO 
123 27146 
7ft 4ft 122 
ttft 26146 . 
5ft . UM 
150 42 102 
164 Sft tftft 
U U It 
0ft UU( 
1ft 1ft 2Sft 
Aft 69 17ft 
2ft 1.1 SOft 
54 24 21ft 

234 188 RactfBaa 
4*i i9i noiui 
615 445 ScMMm 
162 74 Same* 

M 30*j Scots CWuMoc 
216 142 3m M 

^ a ^" D -'- n 

253 17D TMwter* MaeM 
129 44 TM M nu b la 

143 .. 21 22 20ft 

» 158 

176 4ft 24 1*9 

4*3 .. 7.1* 19 254 

665 .. 314 54 122 

t» 27 20 253 

3S Oft .UU 

Mi a 42 21 ift 12 s 

« 47 U 41 Sift 

•2 +2 Oft 06227 

ewn 4*1 .. .. 

206 ■» 100 49 162 

66 26 14 S3 

3T3 248 EMMra Prod 291 . -ft Mft 41 7ft 

221 158 Eooro 1*6 .. 107 58 12.1 

277 214 EH 231 ... *9 42 127 

O'l am 37>J • .. 27 7211ft 

153 tori B4CO 145 -2 7ftD 64 149 

29>« 174 DacMhB (AE) V E5P, -H 

104 a a» 0 d (B) 60 a-1 Aft Aft 217 

2Pi IF. Ecntan C23*. ♦*. 139 5ft .. 

361 282 Entffen Cntad C9ay 328 »-2 161 4* 13ft 

2SS 19 ‘a Eraaon B4fl TV C22H 20 04 .. 

164 W Era** HouM 145 *3 05 03 141 

Ul 177'>130 'j Eiropsan FT* 139 *V> 6ft 49 (Oft 

ift 24 166 742 112 Do 51b PH 133 -6 7.1 53 . . . 

71* 19 254 « ™ *• 5D 23 lift 

(14 54 152 ^ ^ 173 »-* 940 55 147 

2-7 20 253 »t2 fa* 406 -2 143 35 IBft 

07 .U U 65 72 P* 00 « 07 1.7 93ft 

2ft UU* 47 a FtedaxAQK M 36 21 5ft BS 

6* 4?£5 ^ "■ *“1 7.1 54206 

07 26 227 75 58 Fro Mai 31 .. 50 6ft 17.7 

... 69 23260 

*6 447 62 .. 

*2 174 97 .. 

-S 9ft 3ft... 

4-13 343 4021ft 
4-19 41.1 4ft Sift 
+13 349 72 7ft 
•ii 137 42 151 
+6 11.7 44 319 

+1 Oft 4ft Tft 
+2 24ft 57126 

67 3S Fowto 

124 84 FlutOo C8W 

n si *i fcm 

329 374 Thom EM 492 •+! 26ft 51 360 -55 2^ L** * 

SSJES™ T» ” K S 5 S 3 1 '. ” ; S» 

316 206 UB 298 +4 20 27 *2? ’5 F«r«nM| * itanroy 111 

360 22S Tuva* 2I» 2ft .09 18.0 

318 206 UB 796 +4 7ft 27 205 

273 178 LMMcb 190 •.. *2 41134 

266 140 utfl Inina 14* •+• 57 69 60 

190 11* UK) Sc-ooSc 143 a.. -61 57f1ft 

505 320 VO M|*1—ni 471 -6 34 04 264 

323 225 Vote 258 M-5 1ZM 5ft 64 

roe 54 Wbu*m ftlacilBW 7* Aft 5ft 17ft 

1D3 75 -WM-on Bad *6 2ft 25165 

260 230 impawn Rang 873 +3 12ft 43 12ft 

94 49 134 

97 69 50 
61 67 lift 
34 04269 


2*9 211 Abtogworti 
164 12 s nwWM 

178*. 71 'j AnfiUgWW 
216 110 BartdmFTMi 
-20 10 CmM 

263 194 Camkmr 

43 16 ewwi ror - 

29'j 17 BMy6Ct0 
MS 132 bcryftSkm 
194 153 UWkM 
78 B 2 Ml Hum* Lea 
*5 80 DOM 

M0 1M M f Wa M i 




205 a+ft 


67 48 Ranch (Thao**) 

131 V OB ka 
3*5 2S5 GKN 
310 2 so an 
110 so Ovmn Bn 
157 100 rUMHiii ~ 

150 Til QM»M 
IIVTB'i Glaxo 
344 194 OyMid 
505 250 OoitigKarT 
182 107 Qramawt Md0B 

312 208 ’Oranaoa 

16*. B*. QhMMd 
S3 90 >i rat* PiacUoa 

1ft Oft .. “ 

•ft u 6 ft 

290 230 MWn* 

,v, v.Wi 41 25*. Kant*on M 

”-l l a . 4* 20 Ham 

67 Z4S7ft 191 H«aor 

15 iis*-. 190 145 Doa*Qw 

in 116 86 Do 5*.% PI 

«„««* 12S lip* Da 10% 

Ub 49 261 26S 133 H a w— IM 

Z75 179 Hnrri (Prato) 

ran Pag* 20 








>9 ... 


0 .. 


19 209 



24 21ft 



27 Hi 



AS 160 

non. +1 


60 .. 






AI Mft 



.. Mft 





3ft 160 





mm - 









. , 

.. 124 


• .. 


A4 149 







65 99 




40 12ft 


0 .. 


67 09 




• .. 


49 110 


m , 




• -1 


65 Mft 



19 264 



40 99 



2ft 179 


>0 it- 



.. 640 





• .. 


61 123 

A5 50 162 
24 10430ft 

11.1 34 155 
67 ftftlftft 

50 49307 

17.1 37174- 
*164 AI 74 

' .. ..'224 

0.1 40 63 

07 52 162 
-3.1- 54 151 
57 65 104 
74 74 274 
2ft 14 164 
64 Aft 20ft 
66 5V 04 
10ft 49 129 
10ft 5T lift 

103 44161 
Sft 1ft 341 
150 3404 
56 24 17ft 

23 14 204 
47 24156 
50 2J1150 
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14 14 234 
74 27 207 

24 2*134 
50 63 67 

174 Sft 174 

59 14 21ft 

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114 40 141 
54 24194 

60 A0 122 
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174 47 104 
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623 431 l a*n Sfcxwy 493 1 +2 207 42 104 

150 90 Haway 'lD9: +2 27 29 57 

20 s 61 Hay (Nonm) ZOO 54 27 362 

221 140 Nm-Httcaw* 202 .. 153 5116ft 

201 90 Hwtar in; 610 5719.0 

96 66 £ . -a 69 44 74 

142 122 rSchgnalJob US Sift 

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106 60 Ho* Uoyti 33 ■ 57 61 134 

206 146 HapMOBB* 233 . -ft 107 46 Oft 

120 91 HoMM 106 69 52 65 

810 234 Madng Anac 290 .. 114 3ft 9ft 

115 66 nmne Grt*4> Tin. 66 53 7ft 

2 SG 207b Mxcftan vwiana* 266 -1 

1M 119 M 115 75 49157 

315 210 aoBon 210 .. 1JI 09 39ft 

295 2S0 Jackson* Bouna 250 • .. 6ft 34 217 

135 SGb J*dne MMB J34'j -+2 - 

615 473 Johnaoo CTOanars 90S .. 304 59 151 

. 220 133 Jot au n UaBisy 206 ... 34 1 J 14.1 

44 b 22 b Johnson 6m' 34 •» 173 

316 235 .«rmn . 315 .. 107.34153 

140 66 Jdhw. 6 Siftnan' 120 .* 55 44 Bft 

1® 57 ; JOutMl fThocanj 12S • .. 59 4.4 166 

•If ai SWaniToe 27 ~1 59«10.7 Sft 

Jl > -W". . 31 -*t 17 59*14 

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130 iM . Kara* Sul* 120 - . ftftb 17 21.1 

796 230 MWM M 270 . . *14 7422.6 

215 133 l0*Bt62h 200 • _ . 14 43 173 

42 :. 0.7 1.7933 

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131 a-1 7.1 54 206 

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623 .. 7ft 13 277 

67 1ft 13 .. 

92 -2 56 61 66 

36 -1 Oft 17 43 

■ 61 Oft 123 

33 b .. 2ft 50 74 

17* .. 129 7ft 03 

52 • .. 41 7ft .. 

93 -.64 60 114 

466 -1 17ft 67 6ft 

jaa .. ioo 54 51 

S I 5ft A7 0LO 

a a-3 51 14 kl 2 

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SE5 +6 1fi7 1.6 254 

268 ..12ft 43 14ft 

2|0 0 . . 155 53 11.1 

136 57 41 13ft 

2*4 #+2 10ft 37 153 

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W» 25 5*161 

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130 -2 64 4S *3 

1SB • 143 73 124 

20Q +3 24 09 312 

5Tb »+>i 14 46 *4 

25- .. .. ■ .. .. 

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Evb .. aoo 44 .. 

IMh .. 62 72 .. 

CT2E* +'• 0 61 .. 

285 j .. 74 Aft 164 

256; • .. 132 03 124 

031 +2 207 42104 

109 +2 27 29 67 

ZOO ' ..54 27 36ft 

702 .. 103 51 16ft 

in *. 61 b 57 19.D 

£ , -2 39 44 74 

US Sift 

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233 . -ft 107 40 92 

106 . 65 52 65 

290 .. 114 30 9ft 

r03 66 63 74 

« 79 49157' 

210 .. 14 09 39ft 

250 • 6ft Si 247 

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20B .. 34 17 141 

22* 177 ABOMLSa 192 +2 Bft Bft .. 

28'. a AMxAAlax OS -1 100 ift .. 

28’i 23 MB Q«1 C28<s •+<* 09ft 32 . . 

405 223 BradWDdi 370 • .. 65 23260 

917 BQZ Bitanc KU «9 447 52 .. 

338 228 com (Mon 305 -2 174 57 . . 

301 22 * EfluKy 6 Law 26* +5 *ft 34 . . 

431 213 FAI 283 +5 

954 701 OwAccdH 047 +13 3*3 40 213 

954 720 QflE 050 +15 41.1 44 Sift 

708 464 Ham C E 487 +13 Sift 72 7ft 

349 267 HOBO tabnoi 325 0 +T 157 <2 151 

208 231 Lao* 1 Gan 2*8 4 3 117 44 319 

Si 173 LonWi 6 Man 196 +1 09 43 74 

431 257 LU UU few • 433 +2 2*4 57 12ft 

6n 29% Mann 6 Uda c«7b +i<- 220 4ft .. 

2*5 220 W* 254 +0 114 44 122 

348 223 PWS 320 +5 T2J 40 204 

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907 706 Horn 6*7 +1» 366 406*4 

420 320 StOfatekOO 373 +7 157 42 174 

474 346 M a un Wr~ion 4M +7 167 3417.6 

445 390 Saaga HKUB 414 »-3 Iftftn 2.4 213 

772 530 Son Afeaoi 709 +Tl 21D UOJ 

K7 772 Sin Lda 66* .. 359 56 .. 

550 120 Trada Wai TO l 229 46 2ft 63 

474 36« VTMro FUa 427 +6 129 2ft 202 


56 31 DonhwKk 
158 127 CMmoi 
107 75 FamylMnaa) 

395 323 Hantaon CtoMa 
400 303 U*W 
37 29'a JWMtWm) 

2*3 783 Lonmo 
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260 TH Do A' 

213 12* Po*y Pam 
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5*0 566 swat Bra* 

224 81 Tatar MM* 

215 153 Vida Cana 

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1*1 . . 160 7.1 123 

B2 -5ft 72 

353 +7 266 61 17ft 

40* +2 35b 43 323 

33 1ft 4*123 

208 a +1 |7.1 83 KU 

47 m . . Sft 7.7 62 

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164 -3 .... 066 

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360 155 Snaroon 6p 
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It! JJf g rLj n0 172 -1 43 29 M 4 

170 in Braun 1ST 61 52 169 

46 38 Cana (M ASonx 41 

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108 166 Crnmnnetm i« -3 66 43 507 

4« 410 OwsMrMT 455 .. 17.1 56 166 

900 790 CALA BOO . . 25.7b 23 1X3 

171 131 CMilia Mcfccrh 180 *0 56 342 

2™* 285 +3 60 53 25.1 

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140 99 Cowary 6 Haw 116 2J 33 270 

1*6 ’S ‘ £**** V 106 • . 56 23 S3 

260 17S Cussns 2*0 68 33 SBft 

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120 47 Eaorain Trui *g qjr 00 

120 105 Esraraa Qw> 11 S -a 33 51 239 

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209 170 Fragnn U* w.f s.1 124 

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332 237 
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135 95 Do DU 130 +12 

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227 138 Lon KB 22* • 

263 134 Lcngun M 258 

480 319 bow & Bona 415 *J 

410 306 ML Kdg* 400 R+2 

115 0* MB 0* 107 • .. 

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333 255 tocanhyx Pnmn 330 • 

160 121 Maobnana 1*0 

79 43 kUc+Uan (PAW] 57 

2*0 tss MBKaenraa 212 -2 

130 78 Uagnota 125 

710 485 Uancfwnar 90p 680 -10 

TV 52 Manama Bronza 67 

■ 61 Ma rtff« 64 «+ft 

143 65 Mararm (LoUay] 120 

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194 12 * MaUCtonam 143 

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12 s 70 u**a* Sanaa ill «+i 

196 163 Mato T7B 

310 212 MBfgai Cruet* 258 

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153 at Nbbb Tor*» 140 

133 66 hooro 6 Lund 1Z7 +2 

65 43 ta»n 40 

289 i» Hotorxi 260 

28 203 OftcaaMMa* 213 

448 247 Pam KIM 'A* 378 

525 PBdMhJT 980 

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803 383 Psaraon • S2E +1 

27 11 Paafe 20te 

143 88 Paartau 143 

S * 332 fttfar-Hatanliy *21 

0 140 Parana Ud * 80-5 

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120 S ...- 69b 63 2XS 

231 -1 . M 1ft 61 

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110 +4 Sft 29 21ft 

73 60 40 50 

64 • Sft 0ft 7ft 

27b -b 19 89 10LO 

221 0+8 Mft 0ft 12ft 

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220 • 68 29 TILO 

256 .. *J 2ft 326 

415 +ft 150 36 1X4 

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107 • - 2ft 2ft 100 

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330 • . . 166 X0 161 

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125 -4ft 68115 

680 -10 66 13 23.0 

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60 .. 312 49 1X8 

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179 .. lift 63 93 

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158 1O0> 63 Sft 

34 -1 - 1.1, 22 615 

140 . . m3 69 1X4 

1Z7 +2 10 00410 

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280 .. 1X3 61 12ft 

216 .. 161 , 67 67 

378 .. 160 ■ 40 1X7 

M 775 W uUM* 212*1 

483 311 nUngrsn 416 

M SI prauc emu 72 
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323 215 Praia OMbran 268 
314 238 PowM) DaWm zn 
104 BS naoratch mo* 114 
1*0 119 RHP 174 

158 123 flbnraMM 145 
589 421 IMOig 504 

228 115 Rarooraa Sra» ies 
136 88 RacSte <9t MW 108 
900 605 RMdtt & Colrnan 792 
245 116 RtdMnGlBM 208 

140 ‘ 2ft 179 

60 \ 63 U 
360 ■ 4ft 132 
1.1 : Oft 25.1 

353 26* Lyrmn 
300 27S &PC 
126 90 Mdnamay 
110 10S McKay Sac* 

50 44 Maw n ai 
215 US Mama Moor* 

5S1S jjasrsf 

10b5iO Mp i amg n 
700 38* MQUHM8W 
100 82 HbckfeMa (AAJ) 

20 18b Mu nrad 

130 73 Nm Cmmttt 
86 43 Padom 

2*2 255 Paocnay 
260 72b Prtaat Marbna 

234 178 Pne 6 R*V 
TM 107 prop wag* 

131 10# Prop SacuHy 
13b 0b Raglan 

330 160 Ragaaan 
645 313 Hratram 
297 238 R 11 W 1 c Tonx** 
103 78 Sera Mai 

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94 « StocUay 

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260 108 TnHordPa* 
148 95 UK IM 

91.525 UM Real 
885 675 Mama 
670 475 Wanfexd 
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55 30 Rodmm 40 

150 127 Ropnar 
146 110 Do-A- 
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130 86 Rutaal IA1 

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305 230 Br Crarammrarati 2B3 +2 

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350 290 FI 32$ 

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273 130 Styto 22* 


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127 80 Bitmar A Ltaob M 7.1 79 219 

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315 190 CMtsiMB 260 -1 99 09 09 

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110 B8 Pastes (JohnJ 78 +1 60 09 69 

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210 90 Ingram (H*n*8 150 +5 40 2ft 369 

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ISO 132 Ljmont 173 +15 64 67119 

105 130 LMOa 105 80 A3 120 

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140 a SOM Bty 1 i» A3 39 7.4 

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2» B TOvttBOia 10S Eft A01A7 

'Mb TSbTtoewl Mb 67 60 V9 

350 230 Vratayda 200 109 IB 61 

30 9 Ann Enargy 

33 10 Mbrrae Rewui 
953 515 BrRtwUufla 
IT 1 .- 5 Bau CM 
355 323 fr Branoo 
210 96 Bran* 
tlfl 250 Branan 
ua 48 Canau Cap*( 
1150 V Cenaay 
33 10 OianaitiBl 
162 93 EramjW* 

02 V Garbra firoray 




63 +13 465 7.4 7.7 

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058 .. 266 80 1X7 

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392 +4 162 49 1X1 

S6 +2 69 7.0 10ft 

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107 127 Rothmans -B* 

179 *ft 10ft 
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Bxdudo 8 jpecul paymnittk FVn-nwgnr0gw«sa 
ast oamings 0 Be eftor r Ex riefits * Ex sen? & 
stare spot 1 Tw-lrw .. no stanifleant dtt. 







































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August 27, 1986 

Living on the edge in Africa’s front line 

PJawtS W «K»nflter Jo onfl 

imbabwe has come 
to the forefront of 
public attention in 
the Jan few months 
because of the lead* 
ing role it has played in the 
campaign for sanctions 
against South Africa. 

Robert Mugabe, the prime 
minister and the dominant 
figure in the country since its 
independence in 1980. was 
outspoken at Che Common- 
wealth summit conference 
earlier this month in pressing 
the case for action of that son. 

It is a policy that comes 
naturally to Zimbabwe be- 
cause of its proximity to South 
.Africa and because of the 
similarities, limited but real, 
in ihe experience of ihe two 
countries. Formerly Rhodesia, 
Zimbabwe came to indepen- 
dence after a protracted and 
bitter struggle between the 
ruling wbiie community and 
the African majority. 

The present government in 
Harare believes a similar pro- 
cess is now under way south of 
the Limpopo and that ft. and 
tbe rest of the international 
community, should do what- 
ever is possible to accelerate • 
the arrival of majority rule 

The drawback is that the 
Zimbabwean economy is 
heavily dependent on South 
Africa, which is so much 
larger and more powerful, and 
is likely to be severely dam- 
aged by sanctions — not to 
mention retaliatory moves by 
Pretoria. Some 90 per cent of 
Zimbabwe’s imports and ex- 
ports go through South Africa, 
and it is hard to imagine how, 
even with outside help, 
considerable sacrifices can be 

The government neverthe- 
less. appears determined to 
introduce sanctions and has 
begun to prepare public opin- 
ion for their impact. At the 
same time it is looking for 
other trade routes. 

Zimbabwe has itseTf been 
remarkably successful in 
bridging the gulf between 
black and white and creating a 
society in which both have 
their place. When the new 
nationalist government, 
headed by Mr Mugabe, came 
to power in 1980 it took note 
of the importance of the 
whites in the economy of the 
country and. despite its Marx- 
ist rhetoric, decided to adopt a 
pragmatic, rather than a doc- 
trinaire. approach to policy. 

The whites were encouraged 
to stay and nearly half of 
them, about 100.000 out of 
240.000. did. No land was 
expropriated, although some 
was bought at an economic 
price for distribution to Af- 
rican farmers. No business 
was nationalized, though the 
government has acquired a 
controlling interest in some. 

The result was the forging of. 
a consensus between blacks 
and whites in which the blacks 
hold political power, but while 
farmers, businessmen and 
others have considerable free- 
dom to run their affairs as 
before. Needless to say, nei- 

ther side is completely happy, 
some Africans believing that 
too many whiles still hold key 
commercial and professional 
positions, and some, whites 
chafing at too much govern- 
ment control, or inefficiency. 

Bui the Zimbabwean econ- 
omy has retained the basic 
strengths that it had in fbe 
days of Rhodesia. -'based on a 
diverse mix of agriculture 
{where the whites make a 
major contribution}, industry, 
mining ■ and lonrism. Whfle 
much, has been done to ex- 
pand education, health and 
other services for fte Africans, 
there has been a continuity in 
ihe country's economic life 
which has underlain' the fun- 
damental change in- political 

Harare, the former Salis- 
bury, remains a -weli-ordered 
city with laH modern office 
blocks owned by companies 
and banks, with international 
connections. Significantly, 
two of its mam streets, not for 
apart, are named respectively 
after Saraora MacheJ, the 
revolutionary leader of 
Mozambique, and Cecil 
Rhodes, symbol of white 
imperialism (whose tomb, 
dramatically seL on a hilltop 
south of Bulawayo, is still a 
tourist attraction). 

Beyond its borders,* the 
Zimbabwean government has 
set out to have correct rela- 
tions with South Africa, 
distasteful though it obviously 

Politics and tbe people: Robert Mugabe, tbe prime minister of Zimbabwe, and tbe smiling faces of township children of Harare 

In 1963 the Zimbabwe Af- 
rican People’s Union (Zapu) 
split and dissident members 
formed the Zimbabwe African 
National Union (Zanu). Dur- 
ing the war with the white 
regime there were constant 
differences between the two 
parlies, headed by Joshua 
Nkomo (Zapu) and Mr 
Mugabe (Zanu), and they are 

Public opinion is already 
primed for sanctions, 
considerable sacrifice 
and the possibility of 
South African retaliation 

finds apartheid. Trade has 
been maintained at a high 
level. On the other hand, it has 
had to counter destabilization 
moves by Pretoria, both on its 
own territory and against the 
important route through 
Mozambique to the sea at 

The Renamo rebels fitting 
the Macbel government in 
Maputo (with assistance from 
South Africa) have been so 
successful that Zimbabwean 
troops have had to be de- 
ployed along the road, railway 
and ptpeline'lo protect them. 

The real blackspol in 
Zimbabwean affairs derives 
from the difficulty of reaching 
a stable accommodation be- 
tween the Africans who now 
rule the country, and specifi- 
cally between the two main 
tribes, the Shona. who are 80 
per cent of the population, and 
the Ndebele, who are 20 per 

Tensions between the two 
go back to die days before Ihe 
arrival of the whites in the last 
century’, when the NdebeJe, 
related to the Zulus, were 
encroaching on Shona terri- 
tory. They surfaced again in 
differences between the lead- 
ers of the African nationalist 
movement in the years before 

now almost wholly tri bally 
based. Zanu representing the 
Shona. and Zapu the Ndebele. 

At independence the two 
parties combined to form a 
government, headed by Mr 
Mugabe. But dissatisfaction 
among the minority Ndebele 
soon began to make itself felt, 
and gangs of “dissidents” were 
formed _ul 'Maiabeldand. In 
.1982 Mr Nkomoi was dis- 
. missed. from the: government 
after ^discovery of arins 
caches on a farm near 

■ Ihe dissidents are a mixed 
lot Some have claimed alle- 
giance to Zapu, a source of 
embarrassment to the party 
leadership, which has dis- 
owned them.- Some were at 
one point receiving help from 
South Africa. Others are sim- 
ply - malcontents and 

They were responsible, 
however, for a wave of atroc- 
ities in Maiabeldand. includ- 
ing the kiDing of white 
farmers; this, in turn, led to 
particularly brutal repressioa 
by government forces 
throughout the region. Moat 
notorious was the fifth Bri- 
gade. trained by North Kore- 
ans. which was responsible for 
widespread maltreatment and 
killing of civilians., parti cu- 

RioTinto goes 

a lot deeper than 
mine shafts 

In case vtu (bought all Rio Tmro 
does is to mine m Zimbabwe, we gp a 

lot deeper that that. . . we enrich, 
employ, tram, boose teach and develop 
agricalnirt to play cmr part in onr 

cranny's dndqneoL 

We enrich 

Rio Tinttfs primary business is to 
cooven Zimbabwe's considerable 
animal wealth into material benefits 
for tbe araflty. We channel the reruns 
of oor cxplontiao, research sod o wn in g 

aiffitiw min ibf win! mA ftlhwat 
fnrirlimm t ofQQf enmili iiikil Reel 
prosperity for Zimbabwe can be . 
reflected, fix azmplc, by Rcnco Mine 
in the Lowvcld, which cams ihe 

rinr of increasing their bxwkdjt and 
nsponabihtics, thereby iufRormg the 
mriiyial yantfai r! nf qwmtkaf daTU 

We house 

Oor innfameni goes far beyond 
unip h utwit Thu annramnri 
is c o n fi rme d fay the success of our 
ftymw urti ty dmfapnaas. The 
Group’s Z530 wflHnn investment o 
Roko Mine afiows fmndnds of 
fortifies access to all modem amenities, 

ensure t superior Marxian! of Bring. 

We teach 

We operate primary and secondary 
schools at aar.nrioos locaaons, and in 
addition the Rio Tmto Foundation has 

improved sopfcrDcoBi hdjpsij^ 
to raise prodocriniy and enabling 
Zimbabwe u compete worid-widc. 
\CtKh odd be why onr subsidiary 
Ton Industries the Onto ■' 
Award for the “GraKSt Contribution 
to Crap and Livestock ProdwrW at 
the Harare Show. Five yean in. a nw. 

tTe are prood and privikged'to help 
develop fhi» mmrol rap n rrn of OUT 
ismqcc country 'towards every effective 
rwirtwl and itdividtuJ To enrich 
ihe ecooonrr of Zimbabwe and the 
fifroy' l e efus ra u n ny mm. . 

We employ 

Rio Timn provides gazufzzl tri 
rewarding employment for over 3 DQO 

We train 

Onr people, 43 well as anting 

generous wages and benefits also 

receive comprehensive [raining at 

various levels We lake a long-loro 

in the Caomnsil Lands in which we 

cpnte, and has prodded wlwr 

tffaca ri ftnfll awwrann- in the 


We develop agriculture 

Onr nunniimicm to farming in 
Zimbabwe is growing aO the one. . . 
through tnrgaiion innovations, 

through tbe "HiuhEm rnr * gf new, 

Rio Tmffl Zimtabwe. Tinted 
61 Samara MadWAwn*. Harare 
Tdephne Harare 70551JL Trice 4366 

• ItSi 

Iariy Zapu supporters, in 1983 
and 1984. 

More generally, the Zanu- 
dominaled government be- 
haved as though it wanted to 
cow Zapu, or even eliminate it 
altogether. Some response to 
the. activities of the dissidents 
was inevitable, but the state- of 
emergency inherited from the 
pre-independence regime has 
been maintained and its spe- 
cial provisions used to arrest 
and .detain whom the authori- 
ties choose. 

Zapu leaders have been 
detained, kidnapped and tor- 
lurecfc and during last year's 
election campaign young 
Zanu members attempted to 
intimidate Zapu by attacks on 
party offices, tolerated by the 

Zimbabwe today retains a 
multi-party system — includ- 
ing the Conservative Alliance 
of Zimbabwe headed by Ian 
Smith. Its judiciary has 
proved its independence. But 
the media toe the government 
line, and with the main oppo- 
sition party, under severe pres- 
sure the government 
proclaims its intention of 
moving, ultimately to a one- 
party state. • 

In recent months, tensions 
-have subsided and the situa- 
tion in Matabeleland has been 
calmer. There have been talks 

on unity between Zanu and 
Zapu — whose differences are 
in any case more a matter of 
personalities than of policy — 
and there has been concil- 
iatory talk on both sides. Mr 
Nkomo has abandoned his 
attacks on the government 
and Mr Mugabe has let it be 
known that a one-party state 
will not be imposed on the 
country, but will only come by 

The recent release of 10 
detainees, including some 
prominent Zapu members, 
was an important step in the 
process of reconciliation. But 
it has still to be seen whether 
the two parties will ultimately 
be able to come to terms. 

In this, as in other areas, 
much will depend on Mr 
Mugabe. He can legitimately 
take credit for the remarkable 
reconciliation with the whites, 
and for the way in which 
Zimbabwe has avoided many 
of the mistakes made in the 
past by other newly indepen- 
dent African states. 

But his ministers are by no 
means all of the same calibre, 
and he has presided over a 
system which, at its worst, has 
been as repressive towards the 
Ndebele as the previous white 
regime was towards the Af- 
ricans as a whole. 

Peter Strafford 

Tough line on 

The harons of the Inter- 
national Monetary Fond in 
Washington will have gasped 
st the end of July as they 
watched the telex copy coming 
ont of Harare. 

Dr Bernard Chldzero, 
Zimbabwe's minister of fi- 
nance. economic planning and 
development, had just pre- 
sented his annual budget, 
announcing a record deficit of 
£419 miltion, up 51 per cent on 
the previous year and amount- 
ing to 11.7 per cent of gross 
domestic product 

In 1984. the IMF snspended 
the final tranche, worth 125 
million special drawing rights, 
of a loan totalling 300 mjltiou 
sdrs, following Zimbabwe's 
disregard for IMF guidelines 
on budgetary restraint 

Any review of the loan's 
suspension is now seen as 
completely oat of the question. 

Despite the IMF's negative 
appraisal. Zimbabwe's econ- 
omy remains, if not robustly 
healthy, at least resilient 
supported by a vigorous agri- 
cultural, mining ami industrial 

In April this year. Dr 
Chldzero published the five- 
year national development 
plan, ontlining the 

government's targets for 
development and production in 
all fields. 

Tbe plan envisaged a 
growth rate over tbe period of 
five per cent a slowdown m 
government spending, and an 
emphasis oa the expansion of 
the productive sectors. It 
stated the government's readi- 
ness to work with foreign 
investors by offering increased 
opportunities for reward. 

Foreign investors 
are encouraged 

It was generally welcomed 
for its recognition of hard 
financial realities, in contrast 
to a highly ambitions transi- 
tional plan in 1981 which fell 
flat on its face. 

In the last 30 , months 
Zimbabwe's economy has 
clawed itself out of serious 
doldrums, caused by a 
combination : of . the global 
recession and ii; three-year . 

• ' 'Gross ’domestic, product at 
tbe end of 1984 stood at£2318 
million, -and 'rose, by six* per 
cent last year, but is expected 
to drop to a three per cent 

increase this year. Economists 
expect it to ran along at this 
rate for the next five years, 
despite the plan's optimism. 

■ In 1984. foe balance : of 
payments recorded its first 
surplus — £66 million - since 
1976, and a higher surplus is 
expected when fast year's 
figures become available. . . 

Inflation sank to an of- 
ficially estimated 10 per cent 
last year, 1 the lowest since 
independence, largely as a 
result of government brakes on 
private and public sector price 
increases. A rate of 15 per cent 
is expected id the coming year, 
hut it is still considerably 
lower than in any other coun- 
try’ in the region. 

Straitened times are around 
the corner, however, with the 
most serious threat arising 
from a possible shutdown of 
Zimbabwe's trade rontes 
through South Africa. Even 
the most sanguine pT com- 
mentators predict severe 


Bar-em' without the threat 
of Sputh ' African strangula- 
tion, economic mdicators are 
cause for concern, at least in 
the short to medium-term. - 
. The balance of payments - 
Continued on page 24- 



The Zimbabwe Banking Corporation Limited has been an integral part of the 
Zimbabwean financial and economic scene since'! 95 1 . Over the past35 years Zimbank 
has consistently regis te red an impressive raze of development to become one of the 
largest banking groups with a consolidated balance sheet total of Z$680m, 3 1 local 
branches and agencies and more than I 000 employees. Comprising commercial and 
merchant banks and a finance house, it is a truly Zimbabwean banking operation whose 
shareholding is over 98% domestically owned. 

As one of the country's leading financial institutions. Zimbank is intimately involved 
in providing services to aU sectors of the economy to facilitate production and in 
promoting the country's vitally important international trade m agricultural products, 
metals and minerals and secondary manufactures. 

Zimbank provides a comprehensive range of financial services backed by modern 
technology, expertise and efficiency. It numbers parastatals, private sector companies 
and individuals among its' many dienes. Its diversified structure, strong domestic 
connections and progr e ssive ideas enable Zimbank' to provide expert advice and 
guidance on local conditions and practice and on official regulations and procedures. 
It is in an ideal position to furnish accurate information, undertake feasibility studies and 
raise new venture capital both locally and abroad It has been a successful partner in 
take-overs, mergers and reconstructions. 

It is in dye specialised field of trade services, however, that Zimbank has acquired a 
particularly enviable reputation for innovation and flair. Arranging Acceptance 
Credits; Bills of Exchange: Commodity Finance: Documentary Credits and . 
Collections. External Loan Facffioes; and Foreign Exchange Transactions, is an everyday 
part of the Bank's activities. Zjmbank has been especially active in Trade Promotion and 
is able to provide accurate and up-to-date market information. While an essentially 
Zimbabwean undertaking. Zimbank maintains dose ties with the country's major 
trading partners through links with over 350 major banks around the world.. 

If you are looking for a bank in Zimbabwe which you can trust to provide you with 
the b est in f nancial or advisory services contact Zimbank, the Zimbabwean banking 
group serving Zimbabwe locally and irwematidnaHy with professionalism and integrity. 
If you are interested in more detailed information we will be pleased to provide you with 
a copy of our annual report. 

z*«abwe banwng corporation limited, reqsterhd commercial bank, head office. 



TELEPHONE 794581. TELEX 4299ZW. P.O. BOX 3540. 





A f- 

t FOCUS > 


' * ■ 



saswe bird 

jvyA The splendid 

^ ^ thing about 

tourism in 
Zimbabwe is 
i FKTTKnT that the coun- 

lr*\ try has not 

been discovered by the mass 
holiday rat race, h is cheap 
and unspoilt, 1 

The tourist business is anx- 
ious to avoid mass holiday 
packages and the ravages they 
impose on both the environ-'- 
mem and on budgets. One 
hotelier at Victoria Falls, the 
best known or Zimbabwe's 
venues, says package-holiday 
tourists foul up the place, 
spend no money, and furtively 
pocket bacon and egg sand- 
wiches at breakfast Decause 
lunch isn't paid for. 

For the middle-income 
earner who wants a touch of 
adventure, Zimbabwe easily 
ranks as one of the most 
absorbing, comfortable, rip- 
off-free and varied visits in the 
world. It is uji exploited be- 
cause it has had guerrilla 
warfare of varying intensities 
for 1 2 years- Its attractions are 
unpublicised, it is far away, 
and costly to reach (about 
£400 from London, return). 

But is it safe? Hostilities in. 
the .western provinces of 
Malabeleland have been 
driven, into remote non-lour- 
ija areas in the last year, and 
chnilicis are reported to be 

Wildlife teems in the na t ional parks, aad right, the rail mates vital lor Zimbabwe's trade . 

Savage, stark and enthralling 

frequent. Residents 
would quail at 



quail at the thought of 

attending an English football 
match but have no reserva- 
tions about a camping week- 
end -south of Bulawayo. 

Zimbabwe’s climate is gen- 
tle. sunny and almost devoid 
of extremes. The north, with 
the Zambezi river valley, pro- 
vides. heading east, the Vic- 
toria Falls and a string of small 

resorts on the river banks, and 
then Lake Kariba. Beyond, 
where the river becomes 
placid, there are more resorts, 
hotels and safari camps. 

Along the way there is 
fishing, rafting, three-day ca- 
noe trips, white-water riding, 
hiking, mineral bathing, and 
game watching in conditions 
unmatched in Africa. 

The east has 'a bump of 

mountains doited with game 
parks, hotels, lodges and re- 
sorts alongside highland trout 
streams and lakes m either 
conifer or indigenous vegeta- 
tion. often swathed in mist of 
a distinctly Scottish type. 

The south west, around 
Bulawayo, has game parks, 
mountains, lakes and rivers. It 
was recommended by no less 
than Cecil Rhodes, who chose 

the area above all else in 
southern Africa as bis last 
resting place. 

Zimbabwe is sivage. stark, 
bizarre, rugged and enthrall- 
ing. Its accommodation is the 
opposite. A single room in a 
five-star hotel comes to about 
£30 per person, and scru- 
pulous monitoring by hotel 
autho rites ensures it is genu- 
inely five star. t l 

But there are scores of 
lesser-starred hostelries in. 
and remote from, the urban 
centres. And even the out-of- 
the-way places have, through 
the country's strongly British 
background, a flair tor pubs. 

The most remarkable 
attractions in Zimbabwe are 
the national parks, dug out of 
the bush in almost every 
comer of the countryside. 

Coach tours — unlike the 
dawn grands prix to the lion 
kills in Kenya — arc infre- 
quent. But hired cars are 
available and moderately 
priced, and all but a few of the 
parks* roads are suitable for 
nm-down family saloons. _ 
Accommodation is ridicu- 
lously cheap £6 will secure a 
night in a national park for a 
family of four in an chalet. 

homely oWe-wortd or ef- 
ficiently modern, complete 
with crockery, cutlery, bed- 
ding, kitchen, bathroom, toi- 
let. two bedrooms. lounge and 
beaming attendant of Royal 
Navy fastidiousness. 

In 1984 the government 
created foe national tourist 
development corporation, but 
it has not yet been able to get 
to grips with the country's 
large potential. 

Economists loosely rank 
tourism fifth after the other 
major productive sectors as a 
cash earner. Statistics are un- 
reliable. as, for instance, no 
distinction is made between 
day-trippers from Zambia 
crossing to buy cooking oil 
and fully-fledged, spending 

Promotion has been left in 
the hands of foe major hotel 
corporations. They are having 
a marketing drive in Australia, 
where, said one executive, the 
people have foe money and 
have done Europe and Amer- 
ica and want something else. 

Zimbabwe's hotels could do 
with such visitors. National 
bed occupancy in foe first four 
months of this year climbed 7 
per cent from the previous 
year to 37 per cent. A 55 per 
cent occupancy rate is needed 
for the hotels to break even. 

Jan Raath 

The debt industry 
owes to sanctions 

Cabinet ministers here have 
long acknowledged their debt 
to foe declaration of UDI in 
1965 by foe Rhodesian gov- 
ernment of lan Smith. 

. The sudden closure of inter- 
national markets after foe 
United Nations introduced 
mandatory economic sanc- 
tions against Rhodesia stimu- 
lated a frenetic drive for 
import substitution to limit 
reliance on foreign goods. 

This created a vigorous 
manufacturing industry that 
now includes the only inte- 
grated iron and steel works in 
black Africa, a competitive 
textile industry that can clothe 
the whole country and exports 
prolifically, and assembly 
plants turning out heavy ve- 
hicles for more suited to foe 
local terrain than imported 
European trucks and buses. 

Zimbabwe’s factories and 
plants, concentrated- in the 
capital Harare, in Bulawayo 
in foe west. Kwekwe in foe 
midlands and Mutare on foe 
eastern border, also turn out 
high-quality furniture, 
machinery, building materi- 
als. pharmaceuticals, wood 
and pulp, travel goods, foot- 
wear and printing. 

The country's economy was 
first founded on mining, but 
the forms then became foe 
biggest employers and created 
self-sufficiency in food. - 

The latest step has been the 
advance of foe manufacturing 
industry into becoming the 
biggest contributor to gross 
national product (27 per cent), 
earning 55 per cent of export 

It is calculated that manu- 
facturing now saves foe coun- 
try £480 million each year in 
import substitution. Zim- 
babwe has gone beyond foe 
"shallow'* stage of producing 
consumer articles and has 
progressed to the design and 
production of equipment, 
intermediate goods, machine 
tools and processes. 

In foe 12 months to March 

this year, manufacturing out- 
put grew by an impressive 8.8 
per cent, with the textile 
industry running ahead of foe 
rest with a 31.2 per cent 
increase in volume. 

Foreign-currency shortage, 
a disability of the economy 
that has lasted for 20 years, is 
foe most serious hindrance to 
manufacturing, which absorbs 
44 per cent of an imports. 

' Economists argue that the 
severely outmoded and dilapi- 
dated equipment in most 
’plants rules out a policy of 
capital spending on new ven- 
tures. Instead, the drive for 
bigger exports would far better 
be served by replacement of 1 
existing machinery, they say. 

The publication of the five- 
year development plan pro- 

Textile industry 
is growing fastest 

vided some encouragement 
with its statement that govern- 
ment would implement eco- 
nomic measures in Tax 
policy, incomes and wages 
policies, prices, interest rates, 
customs duties and import 
allocations which are needed 
to stimulate investment*'. 

Dr Chidzero. the Minister 
of Finance, indicated that an 
announcement would be 
made in bis budget statement 
on July 31. Regrettably, he 
made none. Keen interest now 
centres on foe plan’s projec- 
tion of attracting £80 million 
in foreign investment 

According to leading busi- 
ness sources here, it relates to 
foe sorely felt absence in 
Zimbabwe of- an inorganic 
chemicals indusuy. 

The sources say that a force 
plant possibly costing £200 
million, is in foe offing, with 
foe name of foe international 
financing corporation being 
suggested as a partner with foe 
local state. 


Mining millions 

For a sector that is largely 
controlled by foreign com- 
panies. Zimbabwe's mining 
industry enjoys a remarkably 
cosy relationship with foe 

The companies dominating 
the scene - Rio Tinto (gold, 
nickel), Lonrho (gold). Union 
Carbide (chrome), Anglo- 
American (nickel, coal) and 
Turner and Newall (asbestos) 
- have all received their share 
of accusations of raping and 
looting the resources of the 
Third World. 

But after six years in in- 
dependent Zimbabwe, foe five 
still provide mining opera- 
tions that bring in 35 per cent 
of the country’s export 

Mining captains declare 
their respect for the minister 
of mines, Richard Hove, foeir 
enthusiasm for the state- 
owned Minerals Marketing 
Corporation (MMO which 
handles foe selling of aD ores, 
and a peaceable relationship 
with the Mining Development 
Corporation - the govern- 
ment's first entry into active 
mining, which made a 
£500.000 profit last year. 

The formation of foe MMC 
jn 1983 created fear for the 
future of the industry as 
Robert Mugabe, foe prime 
minister, spoke of the body as: 
“Putting the resources of the 
nation into foe hands of the 

But since then the corpora- 
tion has taken no more than 
0.0875 per cent of the sale of 
minerals it negotiates on be- 
half ofthe companies and has 
effectively reduced worrisome 

Zimbabwe ranks fourth in 
the world as a chrome ore 
producer (526.000 tons in 
;« - 1985). Bui the value of its 
exports of beneficiated ■ low- 
carbon fcrrochrome (21 per 
' .i w cent of estimated world depos- 
its) has dropped. 

The asbestos mines at 
Shangani and Mashaba in the 
west of the country fell far 
behind the production of foe 
Soviet Union and Canada. 
But Zimbabwe produces 
white. long-fibre chrysolite 
asbestos, unlike foe hazardous 
short-fibre, blue asbestos of its 

In this respect, ft is the 
world's largest exporter 
(174,000 tons in 1985) and is 
working hard against publicity 
that condemns all asbestos. 

Though the country is a 
minnow in world gold produc- 
tion (472.000 fine ounces in 
1 985). the metal is the second 
biggest single-commodity for- 
eign currency earner after 

Evidence of government 
support for foe indusuy came 
in 1984 when foe gold price 
slumped and dozens of foe 
smaller companies were on 
foe brink- of closure. 

The government stepped in 
with a gold price stabiliziion 
scheme, in which any losses 
from gold sales below £200 for 
a fine ounce were made up to 
that level from treasury funds, 
to be repaid later. 

The industry is in a mixed 
Stale. The numberof exclusive 
prospecting orders granted has 
fallen from S3 in 1981 to six 
last year.- . 

But Derek Bain, chief exec- 
utive of foe Chamber of Mines 
of Zimbabwe, reports a “lot of 
groundswdr. largely as a 
reaction to aerial and electro- 
magnetic surveys. 

The mines remain as ham- 
strung as other sectors by 
foreign currency scarcity. 

"Heath Robinson and. 
cannibalisation play a major 
part." said Mr Bain. “The 
government poes out of its 
way to assist in foe case of an 
imminent breakdown and 
usually finds the money. But 
still production is reduced." 



— - — ■ ■ ■ — — r - - — — — — — — ■ — - — - — — — — — — - — 1 — 

This is the underlying theme in all Lonrho’s many activities within Zimbabwe. 
Originally a mining company, Lonrho has diversified extensively into fields as 
varied as forestry, agriculture, textiles and engineering, in addition to mining . 
All are contributing significantly towards Zimbabwe’s drive for much needed 
foreign exchange. 


Z$9 million exports of wattle extract and coffee. 


Among foe most productive in Zimbabwe, with more than 58,000 cattle on ranches 
throughout the country, reared primarily for export. 


Exported over ZS10 million worth of products in 1985. 


Assembly of AVM heavy vehicles and buses for local use and export. 


Manufacturers of bos and truck bodies for Zimbabwe and export. 


Steel windows and doors for construction projects, both local end in SJV .DCjC. 


After agriculture, the highest single foreign currency earner, Lonrho is the largest gold 
producer in foe country and is constantly investing in new operations. 

Our purpose — self sufficiency in Zimbabwe through development 
and improved technology. 






... . — » • . I -*. r-» i ^ - • | . • , ", 

i A 11. * **• ** X I'W'tf Uv* » J *J\t 




As a truly international food and drink company, Cadbury Schweppes is proud of its 
involvement in Africa. As well as making available its worldwide quality products to 
tbeAfruan consumer, it has developed products which command instant recognition 
and acceptance both nationally and internationally. Examples are the Mazoe Crush 
range, in Zimbabwe and Tu Mapep in Nigeria. v 


Cadbury Schweppes has committed investment in plant, products and not least, in 
people. In Zimbabwe, Zambia, Kenya, Ghana and Nigeria- A wide variety of Cadbury 
Schweppes products are sold in those countries and constant attention is paid to 
developing and improving the standard of those products by use of the best quality 
available of local raw materials. 


Inevitably, as a result of the position of its brands on the international scene, there is 
often a misconception that Cadbury Schweppes’ products are a luxury and only for the 
wealthy. This is far from fact, and we are rightly proud of the acceptance and 
penetration of such products as cocoa in Kenya and Bourn vita in Nigeria. 


With an increasing African population, the demand for Cadbury Schweppes products 
.will continue to grow and wherever possible the company will endeavour to match up 
to those demands by supplying with branded products of a quality and price to fit the 
market needs. 


We have subsidiary and associate companies in: 



Crystal Candy (Private) Ltd 
PO Box 2380. 


Schweppes (Central Africa) Ltd 
PO Box 506 

Cadbury Schweppes (Zambia) Ltd 
PO Box 20096 
Lancashire Street 

PO Box 32095 
Malam ha Road 



Cadbury Schweppes 
Kenya Ltd 
Cadbury Schweppes 
Holdings Ltd 
PO Box 45.466 
01 Kalov Road 

Allied Foods Ltd 
PO Box 49 
High Street 

NIGERIA: Cadbury Nigeria Ltd 
PO Box 164 

Cadbury Schweppes 

Public Limited Company 

1-4 Connaught Place, London W2 2EX. Telephone 01-262 ~ 
1212. Telex: 338011. Callback CAD.SCRG. _ 

Africa’s New 

The Magnificent 
Harare International 
Conference Centre 

As host to the Non-Aligned Movement’s Summit Conference at the end of August, 
the Harare International Conference Centre will again justify its reputation as the 
leading conference and exhibition centre in Africa. 

The Conference Centre is linked to the new five-star Sheraton Hotel, where 
delegates will enjoy all the hotel’s recreational facilities, including exercise and 
massage rooms, sauna, swimming pool and tennis courts. Then add to this the 
beauty of modern Harare, with Its beautiful parks and gardens, tree-lined avenues - 
and of course, flowers everywhere. After your deliberations, you can enjoy Africa’s 
precious wildlife... .not to mention the world’s greatest wonder, the nearby Victoria 

For further details please write for our brochure to: The Director, 
Harare International Conference Centre, Telex: 2693 CONCEN ZW, 
phone: 728306. 

Enough food to give away 

/ - n A The menace 

- of drought 
and siarva- 
** on * n Africa , 
r WSwJ shows little 
j sign of relent- 

ing . But Zimbabwe has too 
much food. The success of the 
small nation's farmers has 
become one of the best-known 
aspects of its history since 
independence in 1980. 

Production of maize has 
more than doubled, with 1.7 
midion tonnes expected to be 
delivered this year to the grain 
marketing board, the sole legal 
buyer of farmers’ produce. 

By April, the biggest -ever 
maize stockpile of about two 
million tonnes will be in silos 
and stacked high in lots 
around the countryside. 

Since independence, high- 
quality white Zimbabwean 
maize has fed the starving of 
Ethiopia. Mozambique, An- 
gola, Zaire. Zambia. Bo-* 
iswana, Tanzania. Somalia 
and this year, ironically. South 
Africa. But the stockpile has 
reached unmanageable 

Loans to finance crop pur- 
chases from fanners by the 
Agricultural Marketing 
Authority are now tying up 
£140 million of bank credit 
Another £18 million in in- 
terest charges is straining the 
finances ofthe grain boaid. 

With a national budget 
deficit of £420 million taking 
an extravagant, bite out of 
local bank is bard 
to see bow farmers, ranging 
from the owners of the vast 

Continued from page 22 
largely positive because of 
savage import cots — is ex- 
pected to reverse its trend 
between now and 1988. 

Between now and then, Zim- 
babwe will be reaching a peak 
in the repayment of short-term 
loans incurred in the easy 
early years of independence. 

The worst restraint on 
development is the shortage of 
foreign exchange. By far the 
largest slice of foreign ex- 
change outflows consists of 
debt repayments. Foreign debt 
at the end of 1985 stood at 
£731 million, and repayments 
over the next year are expected 
to rise by 157 per cent The 
situation is worsened by the 
steady decline of the value of 
the Zimbabwe dollar by 5ft per 
cent in the last three years. ..v . 

Ironically, the declining 

A land of plenty: The fruit and vegetable market in-Harare 

irrigated estates of the 
commercial sector to the peas- 
ants with their tiny, dusty 
smallholdings, will be able to' 
raise the necessary short-term 
finance for the coming season. 

Economists predict slow fu- 
ture growth. The tobacco in- 
dustry hopes that by the end of 
the year it will have harvested 
and cured 1 20.000 tonnes, and 
sold it on the new £4 million 
auction floor in Harare, 
which, covering 20 acres, is 
the largest in the world. - 

Last year tobacco growers, 
with not a cent of government 
assistance, earned £140 mil- 
lion, making them the biggest 

single contributor to- the 
foreign reserves. 

At the same time, cotton 
fanning has undergone a 
/ ‘‘white revolution” , because 
the crop is - suited to low 
■rainfall and to the marginal 
soil areas that cover warty 65 
per cent of the country. 

Cotton production has 
swelled by 40 per cent 
(250.000 tonnes last year) 
since independence, and . is 
expected to contribute neariy 
■ £50million in export earnings.. 

'Zimbabwe's lea, coffee, 
sugar, timber and horti- 
cultural producers are small 
but efficient But they have 

Hard budget plan 

Zimbabwe dollar has been a 
boon to exporters, and pro* 
tided them with a competitive 
price edge. But conversely, 
import costs have soared. 

Exports, with the mining 
sector the most prolific pro- 
vider. have neariy doubled 
since 1980, when earnings 
were about £370 million. ; 

In real terms, on the other - 
hand, export values stand 
moch where they were at 
independence, and are lower in 
some commodities. 

Sluggish international 
commodity prices will not 
allow- a growth of more than 
five -per cent-a year » exports, 
according to predictions here. 

The- resultant restraints on 

Imports mean that the mining 
industry and the manufac- 
turing sector can forget about 
replacing worn-out and out- 
dated equipment, let atone 

Foreign aid and barter deals 
have, - therefore, become an' 
increasingly important for the 
-balance of payments^ - • ■ ■ 

Dr Cb Micro expects to re- 
ceive £65 mfltion in foreign aid 
over the next year, but this is 
unlikely to be realised — 
especially the contribution of 
the US, which was angered by 
an anti-American diatribe 
here in July at a diplomatic 
reception that led to a walkout 
by: Mr Jnmny : Carter, the 
former US presfttent." 

had zero-growth world mar- 
kets to contend with and, in 
July last year, wages- were 
statutorily raised by more 
than 100 per cent, placing 
their combined export earn- 
ings of nearly £50 million and 
20 000 jobs in jeopardy. 

On. the exports front, the 

beef industry is one of the few 

capable of dramatic .expan- 
sion, as a result of the entry 
last year of Zimbabwe’s high- 
quality beef on Jp the. Euro- 
pean Community- market, 
with an initial quota'-t>f £20 
million. ~ 

But successive droughts and 
low ’returns for cattfe farmers 
have caused the size of the 
national herd on commercial 
farms to drop from a high of 
2.7minion head in 1 978 to 1.9 
million in 1984. Only, about a 
quarter of the . quota tonnage 

was actually met 

The government has been 
abje to move only marginally 
to resolve one' of the country’s 
'most marked feature, " the 
disparity of land ownership 
. between the' country's, peas- 
ants, overcrowded bn abjectly 
underdeveloped land, dhd the 
wealthy' commercial 1 - fanners, 
numbering about 3.500.-/ 

At independency, the gov- 
eroment announced its inten- 
tion to resettle “162,000 
peasant families' on land 
bought from while -farmers in 
Jive years- But six. years later, 
only 35,000 families- 4iave 
been granted 5.4 million acres 
- of former white-owned land. 

Bartering, with Third 
World and eastern bloc coun- 
tries is.projected to grow to 
the point where it accounts for 
10 per cent of trade. Batthere 
is considerable dissatisfaction 
with the system h, add econo- 
mists estimate that -‘the 
unsuitability of tbe goods ex- 
changed can serve as a 40 per 
cent surcharge. 

Unemployment is increas- 
ingly seen- as the economy's 
“time bomb.”. Mr -Zdenick 
SHayecky,. the group, econo- 
mist for tire Standard. Char- 
tered Bank of Zimbabyre, has 
estimated that -by 1990 one 
million of Zimbabwe's pro- 
jected population of 10 million 
will be either oat of work or 
.under-employed, representing 
about 3ft per cent of the total 
labour force. - 


.i - .. ;V = 

When we sa 

we’re not playing 

Hwange. Zimbabwe’s largestNational Park .. 

(14,6 2 Osq. km.). Where wildlife roams free across vast, 
tracts of African bush under blue skies and sunshine. 4 •„ l: 
Wide varieties of antelope. Zebra, giraffe* Bon, leopard, - 
cheetah . . . buffalo, rhino, wildebeeste . , . arid one of the 
last great elephant sanctuaries in Africa. 

Hwange. In a country of contrasts^ Zimbabwe. 
Where a holiday is a lifetime adventure. And you get 
far, far away. To it all 







TELEPHONE: 01-629 5955 TELEX: 252S1 AffiZIM G, . 


< - 

7 - 




v. s i 
■. b 



.• X 


^X^ T ^ CES r. 1<m *1*™** up to 
£t2000D* ^matalncomepius* ixsecomtary 
facote-itejolnt Incomes taken* nonstatus 
f^r any reason, eg: 

• ^^^pprovernents* Business feasors 
•^Edu cational Expanses* Large leisure Purchase, 

caravan etcJ • second House, (UJC. or 
O verseas* Ma Mmona! settlement 

• ConsoQdate Existing Borrowings ' 


•Shops, Factories, Etc. 



S A 


LC*.U L»n?. 





3*4 fines ja ce me or 3 timet JoW 

108 % mortgages araBaUe n to 


No evideece ef Mnme required far 
tew op to £ 2584)08 for qotffyieg 
AppftfQifftr - • 

I 8 »AS faeSty aertaUe over £ 30.000 
BB-nodB ea es for quaWytog pnrpetes 

Bing 01-235 0691 

For fan Information 
Open until 8pm today 


01-623 3495 


Financial Services 

25a Motcomb Street 
London SWt 



Renowned, for Quality - City Centre Flats 

Best Luxury Development of IMS 

- Landscaped Gardens 

Beside the River Avon 

Fully Fined Kitchens - Luxury Bathrooms 
A few splendid flag still available 
PUCES: £8SJ6»4245400 
Brochure from: 


Sales Office. I 

Office: I Nonfaarfer Cowl Grow Siren. Bab fro bPE 

Tefc BJUh (0Z2S) 60487 or 60006 

I ( ) 1 f \ L) WOOD 

^ N> 



. th» Thomas and Royal 

, - - ttastMttftrtjranOsynTpg- 

- „ dB*tfppmanL 2/3 bedrooms. 1/2 

Lmrepton moms. Rj^jMWd Balgtan Oak Khcten wv± 

0 /waster. F/frmzer, sptt cooker 0 vtJlna mf cs. Luxury bath- 
room* Ourtty ftfodcarpote Uvrwghout^U^pho^U^ 

cflLVm upper aparvnent has a magnificent sin lounga and raerf j 

E®2400 and 1175,000. 90S YR LEASE. 



41-852 9451 

sum cumuf out hum. 

VKL owe kvaad hue 

n aeft «■ Jpa sai tacM gda. OH.a pirog. <a«S; 


I MB rod tor ban 

wged teats non at the tea ms. 27x153 rtao. pkwean. H/tfiwC 

g&l S!*r !**■.**■ tote s*- 

SwniUBUtr. PUMM Vkl tor osa m eal eat rapid hant, 

3 tads. tari. dpi nas.lttAhnw. aSBnkg ranm tEtacwp fRt tut. 




fteedm IW. itmiu man. daw room, dome a o u offices, scut 


M»0 room. 3 sates o! badroom and ba a uu iiL 





A charming angle atomy cottage sHHuUy extended to lomi a 

Fte FamayHome. stanteg m a aupero. afatatsd, was apeanad 

Afldshaksrad pomwn. Foiast Row Mage about 4% mdaa away. 

Prompie swta of badnxxn. dreaam area and bathroom, 3 
totter badrooms. 2nd taUvoom. ABracDW spa imri Wna area 
wmgaltaned Istftnr and opanng onto balcony, dmmgraom. 
knetei. teekfastten bungs, fuSy double gazed art tend. 
Double car port stable, garden smra ana graenhouaa. 

Kxxnna. amount 

The grounds, including \ 

to approx 3 1 

Unless sold primtaty beforehand 

Tho pmparty and its unique position must be inspected to be 
ftdy app re cia te d . 

TEL: (0342) 21271 

TEL: (034282) 22S1 

& Staff 

National Agents 
with tepoaal fcnwrierfBc 

rauxjo F/H. 


SOUTH DEVON sdraobt 

Anini— IveRmfly Home wi th o msim tling 


*St Johns Fields’ North Oxford 

Wcaacx - 5 bed house; 2 bath, drawing room, study. 

dining room, knchcn/breAkfiut room, 
cloakroom, double garage - prices from 

3D luxury homes with distinctive elevations to 4 A 5 
bedroom family residences - prices from £173,000 

Shaw Hous e and Saha Office open 7 days a week 
Tefc Oxford (0865) 54243 


£280 by City Solicitors 

^«nu«3^o?^Sp , toS6!Sa r i^ , S r , SSiJ 

■ Wghar figwasJ 

BATinn i h — mm 
m m wrapt n. umdom 


j 2 bed, 2 bath second floor apartment in 
i exclusive sward winning devolopmsfTL 

Tel: 0625 827827 or 827657 

A superb complex of stone built bams dose 
to Rutland Water with planning permission for 
rastdencial development 
Stabling and paodock. 

Please apply Messers Murray 

(0572) 55555 

Hall, drawing- room, dining room, study, kitchen, usual 
domesic offices. 4 bedrooms. 2 bathrooms. Extensive 
ou tbuilding s i n cludi n g, double Rara pr-, hnmlral, 
s u m m er bouse. Mange re rrac e o proein. 

For Sale by Aaceioix 17th September 1986 (unless 
previously sold). 

p: 10 Southrxnhay West, Exeter EX1 1JG. 
J<B50)21422Z, (0««5) 74066. 



3 lad Ou «Ah 28ft roetp. c 

Maandontdth Hr marbnanL in mod P/B block, com- 
prising 3 dbl beds, 2 lux baths. (1 m sute). spacious 

/(fining room, fuRy fitted kit 

SDte te 2sd fr temm w art atutra Made 4 fis ate. 2 IHb fl sn 

ate 2 spans maps, kx/btjsr room. OTUia UwboU 


tend Ik imnaon U in pramst knUoa. 4 ate WH stoat 

01-930 7321 

ga ra gi ng. Lift, resident porter, e/h, entrance phone. 
71 yr tee. Medical user i^hts eraSabie. 

01 445 0224 (Office hrs) (T) 


Extiaoiiliin/y opportunity tocoovtfl Nun's refectory itia 
OtllSllivtTng Immy hying wrrx mrwvj^Sr^ reahun* matotB- 
cat historic femurs, miord glass windows, pulp,! etc. 
Architects approved plans svsilabfc. Swimmuw pooL Tennis 
Court*. Surrey/Susex bordec. 15 mins Gsitnck And M2S. 

29LSM odedmg caomsku. 

0342 315468 & 0342 311299 


Superb period mill bouse, 2 acres ofernds divided bv 
River Pang. Funded drawing rm, ditnng rm. sitting 
rm, 2 kits, 3 bed suites, 4/5 further beds. 3 (briber 
baths. Staff flat 4 carGge. £490,000 

Giddy & Giddy (0491) 34788 

Aigutey more beautiful than “Royal Gloucester'* Country 
Vet's. 5 bds hive grown and flown so refucumly seftmg 
Sunih home compi * oHisted p± D Geoisn. Hse. in psrikL 
sea. Own gdn. & drive of I sere. 5 beds. 2 bufanns. ere. ideal 
ibr someone vitoing cfcgucc A charm m manaenblc sized 
home. Must be seen. Bargain X] 10400 or oflos. 

Tek (0432) 54455 or 760258 Evenings. 



2 mean. dHtng room, ton con- 

version. neetwkL £17 Sjxxx 

Telt Wi uw mo ml nga 




chi iwck wa 

Luariaa terttdW 4 double bad i 

ay spW a tom leading ■ 

■pooL atttfnal.sftDmr tel 

\ZT ttroagO tornge th brttt | 


2 mount tel from Hrrods. 2 


nfly fkfed kua aq> nma- 
doo room and tool knah 
roixiira decenaw enter. Inde- 

ptndM cate Heattn 6onT 


TcfcOf 125 1567 


bk Mae owr Kogtexidge S 

terte Rmdy Id mom Wo. 

OtSJIB. Ms> am ate La 1 


Wllfi8AK in. fflteY UlAGE 

SH. Cbamng camp tea fh te 

3 baL 3 iuflt Real la & gdn. 

land ■ . , 

Btrace. Ga den. M 

M3 4887 ar MTI28S 

M Z 7- Jfth 


bad Une bse. 2 baas. 

■Aaoes OL m 2 baHW ripop- 
uar p/b aft, tmsm , 

l«*a« 2 aw cnasoaette. Wrt 

te JafeteeiB m Wgitay 

itn. an a ne. ok 

ate 2 late 2 waps + 1 lad- 

ing onto mroom overiookiq 
lilt gate wv SM teS 


Tab 01-891 0810 

CftOHKU. te ML W Br 2 aw 
l«JL Saw modoixsilni 


naed of soroe-tahte (S7M. 

! 16B Haarth Place SW5 



MAmrmCAD CUUtMEM, Ha. «1 

BM sent OH house. 28* (Tirol 
•ounoe. Klt/ButsL 
ouakrre. south (adaOBda&Ca- 
. ngr £136.000 CM& 

Sea view. Chalet Bungalow, fine Solent views, 
near village, 3 reception, 4 bedrooms, double 
range, gardens, £129.500 - Marine Residence on 
Wootton Creek. £150,000. 

cent 3 brdroomad garden ami 
over 2 houses. Huge reception f 
room*, south toeing garden. 
£1730500. 623 4667 TO. 


Kevport (0983) 525241 


WMB oouatry house wkh cfamdng rural views sat hi 6 
bid. orch a rd, paddock A amble accom. 

5 bads. 2 bans, 2 recaps, study, ututy. _ 
garages 4- ottedkangs. Close M2S and 


. £190JX» 

Apply: Four Elms (073 270} 342 


Early 17th C country house with later Georgian 
additions, in timbered grounds of 8 acres. Superb 
peaceful rural setting, long private drive etc. 5 
beds, 3 baths, part c. heating, some farm build- 
ings- He£ 3166. Offers around £195,000. 

Thos. Wm. Gaze & Son 
(0379) 51931 



«* ■ m of Rcmoad Bg*. a 
Wrote HymrokHowitiouM 
robh grogs, modwriqrti pro- 
wad n aueati ordw. provtdN 

ro r dpwiwwnw ■ d.nm oaroa a . 

* baorooas. 2 oaCTOon*. 


TWtetei at Matey: 

mbhhil . 


: Popular 1 bed 1st 

floor flat near tuba. 



Ctamtel F/H forty hnae. CR 4 

tatrns. B*h. 25m WC. 30ft re- 


■- rir 

ogoo. Frate tetesto 90ft 

onien. Xfehen, tas fovoonn tei 
fiaxti windows. Lge Am & M- 

y. : . 





, aRCus 


- nite i ng s. Be gatiftifl y 
“ apaiBttd. Long lease. 

. 'flfurobe ua. Bngriu a 
£79330. iad carpets, eai 

•1229 8522, mytefl)- 

Tat 81-738 m3 Ste 

OHM 2294 V/ffiys 

CtyAW/EUl<M men roto 

caasjoaoi choice of 2 . m or 

writa. Beep wim grtv.Mc. 

Sterti kttchcn Inc- at) mach. 


1 Wtv phfr 124 yr tar. Owinr. 


Exquisite 4 bednn flu. 3 
eo suite bothrms A. shwr 
rm. Dble reception, for, 
(fimaa nn, new feUy fit Ul 
J ust decorated A cptd. All 
aroeoities. £285,000. 

Pfome 01-221 2221 

T087H6 BEC CfiWNI 

l features 6 dUa 



(Baker Strew 40 mh»L Brand new macaws detached home. 
Close all am men rlics. 4 bedrooms. Bathroom. Enti le shower 
room. 2 reception rooms. Fmed kitchen. Cloakroom. Full Gas 
Ol. Landscapedrardens. Used as Show Home on this select 
development. The property has many extras including de- 
signer cumins, carpets and light fittings. £121.500 less 
discount for cash buyers. Chiton Estates 

<0494) 775566- 


M^aowa ■ 3H ac« 

foe rims offeror 


St^jorWy situated front! 
views over the estuary, 
reception. Idtehen, 4 bate both, 
■37 acres. Auction 28th 

ting the RNar Ex* with p an orami c 
>, detached fomfly house, ctoaka, 3 



SB Church flheat, WnnteHifei (Tab tMM2U) 

71 For* S trap I, 

Tefc (039287) 5057 




t»l*M cottage. 2 msMoo. 2 
Ml Oh CM. g a ra g e , garaea. 
rural tooSao. £&l.aO0 Crata 
* l lw— Ion (0088) 71*67 


TdOl 831Z7M 

MBBELLft 81 SW12 

Dafelafe toga Victortoi fcr- 

txed house «Oi ongriri 
hahiEs. Modernise) 10 yns 

agafibrotaora. 2 battrro. 2 

nicgnOon . riorio ocBt. ttchey 

trsaWct room. utBty room 

GbCR Wrt sin 


MUBlUai. Lnvrty Victorian 
rami hnuoe. Large aocon. S 
bees. Sn ei ra . 2W acres further 
tan* aailaMe. £i4&ooa Tel: 
0767 40960 (Suneayl (TV 


175 154ft 

. iTCbnm laste- 

fimy comertra. 6 two. 2 troth*. 

2 rrcep. Utdren. otoer. uttUty. 

tarpr estab. garden. Unique ru- 

ral MMton. Anna A acres. 

.40 x «o Creadon 
bant and other oua»*fctin». 


ttrxe (Mbtecr 

aaooaxw. „ _ 

(Weekend!: BBB2 (Weed) <TX 

■ttojw teijw. nzjoD *1 

. 009-7201 Eve 

MMM VALE wm Sbndauo a 
bed nai In preadge block. C/H- 
CLH.W. a IO.OOO. Hawgra Es- 
tates: Ol 289 0104/6888. 


8 bed 

-W/d In. area opan- 

tngonto wot /I. terr. Lee light 
reeen and -«■ and balcony. Stun- 


W2. 3 bed matsonaem. stroere. 
oulei location. FHr twice for 
qtdek sale £139800 Freeaotd. 

1 and and WC GCH. 9®1 

yaw tee. EBTJXXl. T« Ol | 

3BG 6780 or 499 6462 

dutch tan to mms wm 

h o u sebo at moorin g Little Van- 
K*. CSLSOO.'AMl 366 8478 

SupaTO spacious 8 floor flat. 
Ckroa to axcahont shops, in- 
durtng Pater Jonas. 2 
badrooms. Large recaption 
(f r x Iff). Bathroom. 
Kitchen. Ooakroom. Very 
quiet Gas Central Hasting. 
Lifts. Porter. 85 

Tefc Sank HE 
Mtags OK BTJffi 
riiskfrft BVSffi 7A31 fiy 

b^Mtut 2 AM semi dM Pmod 

rottair. vrtth ortg features. Su- 

perb coad.Tninagh recap. F/F 
kdcbesu Large balhrnv. 8 (achw 

garden. £l24.9Sa Tetai 87V 


icpHv mwvaiea Vtctortaa 
family houro. S mooui recen- 
uon rooms, wtm areas to 
garden. 3 beds. 2 bau ro. 
El 72£X». TetvOl 6T27532 or 
0206 53577 

re no v ated v*. 

lonsn 2 bed country cotap- 
" ^ den. CH. 

New F/F knehen- Gsrd 
ptnasant outlook. Mr nver and 
golf course. Close io Ml and 
HR. £54.000. TH30280 814719 


try cod. Super new*. 3 beds. 

Lots ol muendst Harnow 

gdn. ideal perm a nent resM. or 
perfecr hottowAvkeod home. 
acre. OpUon ol whlHinnal 2 
acres. Auction sept tadess sow 
before. Charles Pnoujn- 44a 
High 8L Henley to Arden. W 
Midlands (006421 2186/4331 J 


OtrmANDtoS WWI paacefuL 
spaooos 3 bed comge in Ham- 
let NOT Mot etonh JmpW rmd, 
S46/J00 He early conpMgn. 
TefcOl 6722764 or 977 5367 

Plcaani town bouse wtu» to 
^ . ■«*>»» of 

O et n bftfge Harbour from 1st 
floor, in my good order. Meal 

as anal ue r mam.ul or holiday 

home. 2 beds, garage etc. gas 

CH. £49.500. Tto 10989 
872141 (Office hours), ft) 
DUnasEJL casenmoa visage. 

M3 1 mOe. 5 bens; 3 red. 2 

baths, etc. Triple garage. Stable. 

PaddDck. te e d ri tS Voamon. 

V»T AlinCTM 3 bed cotL 

comp imviM. gdn. nr Laun- 

ceston. £44X100. 



Detached, Victariaa lodge. 

weekend aktaea- Small and 
pretty. Srttjjw rootn. IGtdxn. 

2 beAtwHu. aatfarooen. Nteds 

dob# up: Bm not dartiicL 
TnJ : 0379 740920 

an*. NHBC guaranteed. Offer* 
on £165000. Tot 026675 637, 
FAKUM HANTS. Scandliw- 
nan styled ab bid house. S 
bedroono. 3 bathrooros. Indoor 
swi mmi ng pool. Offeip Invlled 
£223X100 vans 0329 

taceni Uttfi 8L 2 
Ouaty. We ol Wight slews. 4 
beds. £67.000 TM: Lyn nug totr 
10690) 73759 
WEST DORSET. Detached 4 bed 
house. 2 receptions, kitchen. 
cl oak r oo m , patio, neai garden 
L5&50Q. Tet 0308 68817. 


Cbatw imdi Seroera lSthoamo- 

ry cottage- waci oue reo 

EMeUtni coodtuon. I Acre gar- 

den. River frontage. Hafl. 3 
rac« lined kitchen. 3 Urge beds. 
2 g a rages. £150000. iref. 

101191 HJ. Turner * S 

Sudbury. Suffolk- COlO ME. 

Teriphone 0787 72835. 

Modern d« bungalow oTooeang 

Waienay valley- 2 beds, lee | 

creep, cerebervatory. C/H. 

doded gdn. Ex c ermo o al toad. 

£35.960. Tel: (0379) 740213. 


Pera. Woodstock Orove Wia. | 

Wtl Studio. Stun ntng Vlewg. 
E/PH. k * B. co m. Pd f. 
£42.960 T4k 01-221-8083 



4M bat h r oom , waded garden.1 

_ etc. 123 Vn L/H. 

QUL9sa TeftOl 740 8764 


BaL 2 bads. 2 bate I 

. Ol-T 

■worn eouror wm, Mew tst 

»ne taw. Orhd IT Co n ver sio n 

UaL Double bedroom, bath. 

room. Fmed kltaien. rocepdoo. 

««- Close aU amenldes. EW . 

MFhhag- 9ayr L/H XSfrOOOLtnc ! 

fon«M«.nn 2231408 

EALtoQXPBMdlftdty restored raa- 

ctaus family boose. Edwardian 

features as- rea m e d , tnc otgl- 

nat nrentacea and manktai gs 4 

dbte beds. 2 la* b ath s, sw a n 

(Bed tuUL vanity. 110* n s as m ett 

Stii floorftal in pnotBUS Hock, 
offoino 2 | 

^teloba 1 

' l I II 

■VWBtoMMTM SW1S 2*; yr old. 
3 b edroom home, with dorate 
garage. Uvmg room, ige newty 
mud Utcben/dlner. c‘ 
mom. miuiy. bathroom, 
garden, carpeted throughout. 
£88.750. Tet 01-874-8085 

Ttfc 01-351 63M Aayflm 

clous 3 storey h o a r- Double 

bedroom * ea sutle bathroom 

KHchen/dMng room. Drawing 

room. CJCH. £86.000. Tel: Ol 


By Btahops Pk. Bvb-* tennis 

cits, seem M. A beds. 3 baths. 
« rap. dtntiM mu conrerva- 
■acy. cUl oedv ♦ wtna cellar. 
W s facing gdn. GCH 
C3ULOOO. FH. Ol 736 0406 

£166000. FreahokL Tefc Ol- 
. 667-4492. 

S. IUMPSTEAO 3 ltdna M Flncb- 

ley M Tube, gdn flat. 2 recap, 2 

beds. 2 bams, superb conteBon. 

non eth gdn. easy park ing . 

v low outgoings. £115000 CT) 

624 3877 or 628 4667 

CflHMU. ftflnas 

ftst floor Mcony-fto, sdi rin 

owr rontons. 2 bedrooros. 1 iria 
m srite shoe 

dev on Sowh Bank. Setecuon 

spacious 2 bed date -wan park- 

ing from £76.000. 91 yr Be. 
Frank Hams 6 OK 387 0077. 

pwirty aetl. Lrge 

beam. H IdL baehrm. ML par. 

•er. 117 yrs. to Ux kxxcuneesus. 
C9S.OOO ono. Tel 01-268 0036 

J l be dro o m Oat i 

tee to cuy. GCH. Eaceftenl 
fwwmon. Quick sale CA6JOOO. 
totokOl 454 2206 Ref DLA / 
Home 729 5781 

ner Rat above shoes. UMtvste) 

outlook. 3rd floor. 07 yr tse. 

£63.960. Frank Hants * Ok 
387 0077. 

canWA sura, iwque. waac 

gmd fir DaL Rccep. kft/dai m. 

tee bed. bam. eta. Cad gas 

c/h. so yrs- ctiaxmOL 
HOLMANS: 370 0781. 

F— MUtwto mndefteed pa- 
nod fomlty house. « bedrootaa. 

rtri tfoshro room, Had F/F tit- 
am To nctoto oxtrins bn> 
Crifotz. SCH. CamniBOt TiDa. 
Long tea. reduced tor earty 


Tet 8732 752S7 

HEAVER ESTATE B»t7 Anterior 
dedgned splendour 5 trees, tod 
stucuo/pattery. roof balcony. 2 
recap. 2 bam. kitchen. GCH. 
30f! UndKaped gdn. £180000 
Freenotd. Ol 767 1673 

I SWll • 2 bed p u rpo se bout. 

F/F Mlchen. baUwoom. can 

gym. taruzzL sauna and. porter- 

age. um year tooe. £ 

lor aum wle.Tei 01 236 4847 

loHimandOt 5860438 (homei 


RCCPWm. mnmg room, 2 bact^ 
rooms. F re e h ol d . J 

wnod house. Reception, dfutuu 
room. 2 tab. lutchen. bath, pa- 
hp6ceflars.fatXLOOO.Tal; 01 
BS8 Saxo. No ag afo . 

I f-- 

t J v t - 


tinifty re fu rot sf iet l to tughesl 

■andanta. imw Mtchen 6 bath- 
!?>0hL tmanordewrated 
ti fol Ont d IhrougtiouL new car- 
B« 6 eurrate. Westerly 
“beet, tinea reetn. l wffi 

■"foil balcony. Probabl y fines 

W ntnmu e i i rtat avatro&te fo- 

ray. Lae 124 m Odets invited 
M £172A». T« vriwietophour 
Nigel Tyrte on Ot 888 3310 

■ £280.000 Tel 

01-828 8859. 

AririCL m. £42500. O/Iooktng 
out. Pretty gi4 Or Sato 
flaL but f/kH/aww 8mmy w- 
bo gdh. 99 yr lse. 837 6969. 
CAteCWTOrito Studio fWLhalL 
separate kitchen. Storage. 88 
yrs £46yOOO : 01-587-8416 

W U IOiroW C BATE, HH. A pmen- 
twuy supnb triple aspect 3rd 6 
ath fir mrismiene offering ape- 
nous weB manned accom wnb 
pKturesqur views over gdn*. 
Eal haU. drawing rm. during 
no. fclL A beds. 2 baths it en 
ulltei. Deep storage cupbaanfo. 
rod 9*o cto. Entry pnooe. Care 
idler Lsehld £29frooa 
Sturgis 4 Son stoase SI office 
01 730 9291 

Bright, wea kepL i/rUopia 
&2nd nrvprCocnmon/BB. 17* 
reep. IcM- 2 beds. Othrm. can 
CCH 6 dble glaring. £59.000 
TH : Ol 767 0897 i w/e 6 eve) 

CLAPWAto Flat 3 bed. reorpOoit. 
kilrtien. bath, carpets. OCX- 
Good rordHion- Nr . 1 ' 
DS2.O00 TW: 627 2189 

Brauhfidly refuriMhM tamUy 

rep. i/f 

hoar. 4 aedk. dMe rerep. 

kitrnen /family rm. ha bath. ; 

OVAL Bright VGC i/2 bed rei. 
2/3 r e cept i on rooms. Fully 
modrrnfieiL CH. VC travel 
£63.000. 01 S82 2449 

v/ ton pa gdn Min superb view. 

Offers Cl 


Cl 56,000 far atack sale. 
Tel: Ol 960 1339 

— roriEEW - 8 beds. 2 

toWfo. CM. large I»1L dusk 

room. through reer p t um . 
"raervpfoiy. iMUty. ailed 
Wjeheu/foonUng romp, garage, 
•ntenw /exterior eOffiUvny 
tedernbed ant decorated. In- 
teHwp new desig n er funUtoe. 

-ate. oust - 

teU « C189JOO. No ana 
■' Tot : 01 488 0867 

l X X 

very preily. but dKepthdy 

Waaoa. 5 oedroomrd house in 

22**Wr 'andWoa. wtth 
. grarayyn* double recepaeo 

22 J- 5.5s** ® *" "tek ,u *to 

toted- UKhan/dmaae roam 

ram.T3Mr lease. £366-000- 

Ttk 01 -2UQ6Z7 OT 937 602a 


Charming sown faring 1st floor 

flat Sparrow rooms, targe bay 

windows, lugh cetPngs »aw. 

tng room, duung room, filled 

knraen. 3 beds. 2 oaths 32 

lean. Offers around C22&OOQ. 
Lanroas LM 602 6854. 
£350,880 F/HU* COTTATOE WM 
25 ’ recep. 2 double beds. tain. 
I lira kitchen, sunny terrace. 
& Abbott weekdays 4938040. 
Evenuna/ w ee ke not 221-7904. 
MMSOrOTON Wit. Benuufm 
■row k-vH 2 bed flat with nalm 
nv. mod Ml. arehway to 
reception, falls' ilWWKOTt- 
C76.00O TfT Ol 586 3467 
bed ball any rial, panoramic 
news huge lounge, wonderful 
period fnalurrs. pNdrfV. Only 
.05.000 Phone 580 5US. 

Cl 79 BCD buys 3 beds. 2 baths. 

dble rerep. 147 yrs. Good val- 
ue Graham Marks. 581 4103. 

j Beauty u i 

2 DRI — tir with amt level 

8 ul .pan. -fisif yrs £197^00 
Soamn A Co . 361 0077. 
IMMOD 2 bad rial Kntghtsbrfdge 
Crd llr. 47 years. £135 000. 
Ol 681 8977 it). 

■LAOWCATH Detached S bed. 3 
bainrm deugntlal tomuy home 
C2S6J0CX> Tel: 01-852-7388 

TOOTHMw hge 2 bed ram garden 
com Hat- geh. cedar, d lube. 
CS1JOO Tel 01-672 7822 


MfT HAfo e S TEAD OH Min 

Lane Cl 30.000 buy* you an 
arrtiHecluairy destgncO 3 Bad 
Home win in* bath 6 Kit + ‘a 
■wm with a v law' ro stuuoaked 
back yard Tel: 01-T94-ab20 


perbQ- loraHd u the hearl Oi 

The Milage, a 2nd floor flat m 

handsome -Vic Lounge- 2 beds. 

study, baui/wr. fmed kncnen. 

Gas CH Cl 10X100 Drure A Co 

431 1122 

London Bndgr Attract Virr 
house, senbdet. knetv 80 n 
watted gdn. 6 beds. 2 baths. 3 
ps- Ml. ortg (natures. Hi 
rpts. SE4. tt H. £112.000 
Ror Odens Ot 601 8731 

any lime 

OOCKLAMDS SEU. modern end 
of I err nouceon private estate, 
rabbled roods. Jo n draw rm. 
well- filled krt. cigak no. 3 beds, 
mod Path, watted gdn and patio. 
Q» OL fit oh. nkg space. 
F/H. Ct06.ooa Receded* Ol 
691 8731 dnmmr 
Spanous finl floor Hat. reCep. 
double Bedr o om, bau/dimng. 
knehen A bathroom, best stew 
HI London £79.960. Call Sue 
Lor), on Ol 748 1609 eve 


BATTERSEA SWS 2 bed gdn m. 

RecepL country Utchan a bath. 

ortg Oremaceo- Quwt 
C6&0OO. 01-720 0646. 
IATTBRSEA. bnrnpnnate 3 

naL prime too bon. 2 large 

ante 83 yr*. £18 9 000. 
Soareas A Co 351 0077 


DW.WKM AREA Ring for 

Uon ef houses and Oats. 

A Volker Ot 761 6223. 


4 bedroom. 2 Bathroom Horae, 

2 minutes lo tube and ahopa. Se- 

cluded BO n garden, a 
Tel: 01948 2016. 



st jomrs wood. 

Luxury flat 2 dfoe bed- 
rooms. EnsuMs 

bathrooms. Fuly fittad 
Idtchea Newty furnished 
throughout GCH. Un tet 
1 year. £350 pw. 

Bell ft Co 

01-541 1921 


Luxury sanricsd, 2 Aubte 
bedrooms, 2 receptions. 
ba thr o om with w.c. sepetate 
ctoakroom. Near biie amt 
buses. £325.00 per week. 
Co ted only. 

Pb8M MMdifftxttofcfir 
01 581 SIOflT 

ASM EKM ESTATES tpcoaliar 

in rentma 4 telling kt me Weo 

End 6 Central London, from 

simple studios to luxurious 

upemnute Cdnufl 409 0594 (T1 


fra * bedroom 2 recap, jmszl 

Parking Ammabte tease. F/F 

fiteperi. drape* iBdapphancoa. 

C24X10O Tet- 01-486 1017 
man mow c on gou . mm- 
era. furnished, detached bouse. 
4 beds. CH. garden & garage. 
CMOpcm Tet ■ Ol 946 fiCoo 

CHELTENHAM. SBtentUd. older. 

targe 2 bearoom flat. Lovely sit- 

ting room C/H. garden. 2 
garages Mean 

Long lease. 


SpUt level detached house to 

sort after village, easy access 

Ml and main Une Doable ga- 

rage. 4/5 beds. 2 recto, io»y 
double gliaed. large plot with 

ou ts t a ndi n g views over open 

country sntr. C1460XXX Tel: 

0682 872836. 




CMRfTV MAYO - 1978 architect 
designed house comprising of 4 
beds. 2 baths, double garage A 

W acre plot. 30 nuns Oafway 

City. Close to lakes. Plane avail 

able. £48.000 ooo. Tel : 0625 




3 cottages between 
550 - £45.000. Mod- 



Amu to a fw satad udmd- 
uaH (manmn at 10 } id fox 
i stale m sjnkcate to 


emizBd and temediatsiy 


- 4 jo pm. 

tna ftCB, 

Roar. HwOTroi 



Ifth Cenroy fomhouSB and at- 

tached bams with excellent 
inlatal (at CKNKSon to twb- 

dqr canages. 13*» acres land. 
Supetb ttanqui sumunttoigs. 
Ref 9759. Apply; 


(Tafc 853&-2T751) 

ntJE or MULL Idyllic tuny mod 
aectuded cottage on shore of sea 
torn with own m onrlpga. 2 
recap*. Shed*, modern kfleh. oB 

Bred AGA. bath, -studio A out- 

houses. over *! acre. Otter* 
over £36400 FH. Alexander 

Dawson Eattae Agents. Oban. 

Argyll TelrtO&Sl) 65901 
THE CUFF KyteAkm Isle of Skye 

Wllh panaraimc views from 

CooUns lo KUlaU. CH A DC. 4 

beds. 2 bam*, cfoaium with wc 

A WHB. Igr sunrm A suttag no. 

khch/dbiing rm. Lge wotiohap. 

age A fuel stare, watted gun. Mr 

N Macphenop. 0699 4464 
• taUE OF MULL outstanding form 
houro conversion. Light 
bedrooms. 5 aero*. £66.000 
Brochure 06884 260 


Stil Saarctang in Sussex. 
Hampshire or Kmt? 

Lot us add you to our arewe- 
ing list of oatriflod chants 
and find your property for 

you saving dma and troutafe. 
Contact us 

us today. 


2/21 The Qoffa, 

or Tafc E a stbourne 
{0323} 27001 


EXCEFTMHAL Country Cottage 
tnmandatr. Lovely postuon. 
Canvenlenl M5/M4. Bristol 14 
niHe * Lon don 2 hours. £WJOO 
TelsOSTEl 875117 


S bedroomed. detached Dormer | 

bungalow <p Vj acre of beautiful 

tectaflM gardens with 36' k 18* I 

swimming pooL Must be seen. 

Sactmce at Cioojxm for «ndck 

sale. Tel : 061 677 3707 

3 RES bungalow and Bara with , 

PJ>. Near Kendal. Panoramic' 

viewy from Mocecambe Bay to I 

Lakeland ftflis. Scone land also 1 

available 0624 57695. 

WU VALLCT Near CUiheroe. 

Secluded 4 bedroom bungalow 

separate granny bungalow 
£12QA00 Trf. 025082 3367. 


ween Durdham Down* and 
Aron Gorge a raaoora 1930 
family house 5 badrms. artrac 
uve hall A rrcep rma. Except 
tonally tail A any. views over 
Severn Estuary, pretty gvdm. 
2 garages ample parking. Boat 
store. Muaied In small friendly 
tadew EaywraCHycm. 
tre- M 4 A MB. C156JOOO. Tel: 
0072 681 1S5. 

MOTON, Wythe period cottage 
river Ironogr- Owchyerd 
view, oak beams. Gas CH. tided 
klL 2 oed*. 2 houro London of- 
fers over £50X100. 01-160 
2817 eves. 0749 812443 W/E. 

nVEHEAD Nr Taunton Superb 
view*. Del Hse. 4 bed. 2 reep. 
bittrm. 2 bath, v pteasani gdra. 
£65600 Trf: ble Brewers 574 


Large korun' a p a nm a n t ■ 
gmupd* rf Boumeieouth 5 

MKh 3 beds. 2 u batnreora 2 

roeapwi room*, toad kdehan ndb 
hob and ere tod ran «c Premie 
stanasa 10 tta gmdeiB. Hodtm. in 
ware good decorums onser 
E7UOO. Forcad sale as gang 

TEL02D2 760370 



Grade II fistad tarniar 
fe/mhse for restoration 
with planning consent lor 
cfiwteion into 2 sfc trees. 
3rd acre gdn. PossibWy 
of paddooc. Offers te the 
ragion of £130000. 

PtofenerSnel 098334174 

ROURMNOUnt Character dM At 
fronted house. 3 beds. 2 Rereps- 
F/F Kti Luxury tmihrm .pent- 
house red wile, gold rating 
fleauUfuilty landKaprd garden, 
pauo A Bar-843. Tonally reno- 
vated end re4un»hed 10 an 
exqulslle slanted. Includmc 
winng. plumbing, rainy wafi 
etc AU new am tt. Sheer Ko- 
to move Utto. C65.960. Prfv4t 
tee Trf: 0203 28293 

new manna, sgonous modem 
detached bouse. 4 dble bed*, 
dble garage, parking for 
boat/carav an £98500 Tel: 
Hythe 107051 847294 

OVERTON Lisied Vutage Cottage 
Inrfe Nook- Beams. Suaoous 
GCH 4 Beds. Good gdn. Out- 
bmldliKiv. 45 rain* Waterloo. 
LS54XX3 Trf. 0256-771187 

SHAFTESBURY. Detached pre- 
war House won sntenaid views 
Vrf wuhin short level walk of 
shops Hospital. Churches, bus- 
es tdral for retirement, well 
bull hut need* redecoralton. 3 
bed*, baih. 2 retro, kn. garage* 
manaoeaoie walled garden, 
main service*. E88.0CO or try 
otter Possession CHAPMAN. 
IOC west Couniry pgrvertm. 
Tel IC74TI 2400 


Easy reach London 3 M25 

Converted coach bouse «eh 

granny flat and some .usage. 

aosoonnodation infoer 6 

bedruns and 5 bathrooms. Nes^ 
n and 

4 acres wdh soiled garden 
vratand gwmg Wyttc cachmon. 

£275^000 far ^fcfc safe. 
0959 24275 anytime 

MINT. PlB AM DS most presU 

gteus and beaullful reUremenl 

apartment*. Barium Mews ol 

Teston. A converted 18th cen- 

tury stable ' Mews which 
com bin e s the. freedom and 
beautiful clews of UK- country- 

sate wrii the e l e gan ce of a 

Mayfair onncni - all in a c-ii- 

taoe eovtranioeoL Ring for 
roieut brochure. Hesketh 
Homes. Tet Maidstone 10622J 
81 2219/ 813636. 

HomnEU 3 miles from 
Ashfeid lim copy of original 

Osuy formerly Lord Room es- 

tate. LniMerrimted news over 
tormtand Approx *e acre 4 

beds. 2 bams it ea suhei. Lge 

Inge, ufesgoer fbeptacei diner. 

tuny m lin W. Sro uuiiiy eh. 

dbte gge. £l3frOOO 0692 
890863 ■ weekends A eves) IT) 

SAHDOATEi Unique position eo- 

toying protected sea iiewA 

woodlad aspect. Total arcTo- 
letl conversion and n- 
decoration. 2 bed*. 2 baths. I/I 
knehen. detached home. Attrac- 

tive garden*, garage Freehold. 
£764900, Teta0BO 5 16e4t6 l» 
fow ghonei 


« MVESTMEMT Private prop: 

Nr Stabon. Ptaimino per mission 

toe 2 Mais o nette . Easy conver- 

sion. For Quick sale: Offers from 
£55400. TrtOl B41 8724 

CffiLSM, m Ckarfftvy. 

A ti ia rwtap ^ pBflod hpura to 

iwrfy rural smkig. debgtxful 

54 acre garrian with s t ream 

views. 4 beds. 2 recaps, uu 
heart room, utfty. cloaks. 

bath. CH. garage, workshop 

and statue block. Fully but 
carefrty modemizad Ox- 

lardj London trains appro* 2 

mties. £130000. 

Backefl ft Baflari, 

WUtaey (0993) 5B1S 

(Dgn Sa art fofliq r Mr}. 


FARNHAM, Caste Street. Conser- 

vation area. Lusuiy first floor 
ftaL uoo souse foot 2 

reces s . 2 bed*. 2 oaths. Funy 

fflted kitchen, toctofflng fridge, 
freeaw. dtuiwssHsr. Fully car- 
peted. OCH. Ocse to BR. 99 yr 
lease, tra mediate powewton 

£95C0a Tei. 102821 314111. 

stoned. 3 reep*. 6 beds. 2 bach*. 

House In deffohUul. oeacrfol ^ 
acre woodland mrc 
£156.000 GoteWfog 4067 
lev*, w/e) 


Unque Lodge Hnsa in ore) po- 

otiofu S tins bum centra. 5 

beds, konga, coraerwatoy/ do- 

ng nn. bttsd tatchen. 3 
tattraprrsli to sute. A loos. 
CH (Solar pan* & 2 neat 
pampsL Gantoi appr ox i acre. 
Hwa! swsrereig $ 

JacHZZL Large gwtose and 

other useftti outOrtdojK. terec- 
tm tanoe aid patto, 3 gaaoes 
prtegreo- t 

Must b e see n 
Private safe. E275J00 om> 
Healey (0491) 57E 576 

BMtFDltD PreUtost 2 bedroomed 
retirement er batMUy cottage in 
bean ot Butted. 2 minutes 
walk n shop* Recently com- 
ptei e ty renovated. Quick tee 
required. £78000 Tel: (0993) 
72197 lor dHWK. 

oxoiMnH KARt* Elegant 
Georgian mansion 6 beds. 4 
terra 3 bath*, period futum. 
3 xm landscaped Superb 
now £200.000 Tet- Byfieu 
103271 60212 dr 60471 


AYCUFFE village Nr Darungion 
3 mm* Al. 2 Oed end terr ran. 
Leaded LI window*. OPC- park- 
ing Excellent hargatn £17500. 
Trf: 0904 490646. 

Charming wnau deuched house 

on vUlagr green (tar lo nver. 

Harliauy modernised but need 

mq (omotetton. HatL thing rm. 

lairtvni. 2 bedroom, kmj, 

bathroom. Secluded waned gar 

den Offer* around E70.00C 

rrerfwid Styles & Whiuock, 16 

King Edward SL Oxford. Trf 

0865 244537. 

BUR - OXFORD 5 mHra M-»0 7 
mile* Tastefully restored cm- 

lage. nrelttnl condition. 2 dblr 

beo*. bain. wc. 2 retro, kura- £62:000 
08676 73638 evening*. 

CtBth conage InglroooH. BO yd* 

Tnamr* 4 Miles Didcot 140 nan 

naddmgloni. GCH 2 Bed. 
From Garden Otter* around 
£68000. Tel .02361 847146. 

EAST HA8BOURM 4/6 bed* d* 
Urhed rmdence. 4 am 
paddorWgarden*. roach house 

for romereton. £225.000 Flat 

A Mead >0491132313 

WMOMB Arundeteyte epactou* 

detached 3 bed house in excel 

lent decorative ordn-. Good toe 

corner ok*. CH A Obi < 

£78.950. Tel: <0*6621 71069 

<H» 01-662 9983 VQV 


usnrauaa Lower Mena 2 
bed etegant. quiet l* floor rial 
In p/b block, near all anemUe*. 
HaU. Ige lounge/<Uner. fully 
routed wl bam. barony, an. 
gge. tod GCH. low mngobia* 
£67.000. Phone 0323 31947. 


south faring balcony flat in Sua- 
sex souare. i Adlacent 
mirotu/raanna. First floor, 
mafpitflcept drawing room. *up 
room, master bedroom, eiv suite 
bathroom. Mad bedroom 
si udy /bearoom 3. second buh- 
room. large kUcnen. breakian 
room, utility room. Go* CH. 
Pnro £126.000 Leasehold Ber- 
nard Thorne a Partners. 244 
Eastern Road. Brighton 0073 

■RMtHTDN LUXURY 2 Bed not 
in Grade U used BuHdtog over 
looking Green. SO yds sea. near 
steps. Quality carpet*, curtatm 
A fined war d room £49.950. 
Trf. 0273 726288 or 29686 
CAST OROfSRAD Modem de~ 
tached bungalow on exrfutKe 
estate. 2 bedims, full GCH. aor 
glaring, tun luted Ml A batnrra, 
garage, secluded maiore gar 
den. £ 81.500. 0542 3145Tb. 
LEWC3 10 mins drive. I7ih Cen- 
tury 5 bed house m io acres 
with s iobtipg Tel: 082884 288. 


Ue Gw«n mn ai uatw pari- 

SS* 0l *™f* i eJ2! 58 “ 8B *«■ 

TO nsoB wti^shofs. tram, lhr IS 
n*ta Owns Cross. Total foor an 
VOOsttt + 4 or^ngs. 4 doufalr 
badnots. 2 batbroons, 3 »r 
modem rami nouss kitchan, 2 

™»wa Etsmatas suflRte. 

T*fc Battle 3521 


ReaMeatisi Tm 

i you wort hart rt wsk you 

KM Seatrom pin 
home. MapnAonr sa ww over 
atiag tteb. Lounge, bedroom, 45' 
sin balcony- Total pnvacy. US.000 
(indudes compute aments). 

Brian Hazel ft Co 

(0424) 225555. 


262,000 leasehold. 
Lux 1st fir flat within 1 
mite of City centre. Ent 
haU, sitting rm, lux Kit 
& bath, 2 badrms. gge. 
Landscaped gdns. 

Wyatt ft Son 

0043 1 



A magnficent penod towo house 

damp from 1340 in cons a raaow 

area. Supstey beamed. Inglenook 

taepbees. 2 roc, lot ufoty 4 mail 

tads. 2 bath, 2 tot ter pete, pas 

di. double gge. Fine south raws 

Ottos arand 025.000. B an 

Powefl ft Partaer LM, 

rent Rm, (DC 82) 22SY. 



AMonrey b Swansea. Rate 
opportune to purfiasa Bveiti 
rtsactad cotirary cDCSga on wllagr 
edge mtblwdy views owiTeifi 
Vilay. OeMrtuiy iunushad b 
B araraeljr Wta starato*. 2 double 
tectaxns. tinge, bichen/ikner. 
cfcate. fothnxm aodjptaoe. 
Small pteture rartan. Unst be 
seen. Ready ta unmrtmB 
. o ce ma oon Fuly tonet&d. 

Phone eventngs: 
(0633) 62857 or 
(023987) 673 

15 BEDROOM, 6 Balbroum town 
houto. i t abl r *. t acre Bwtablc 
a* home or busmen. Rmg 
WrfHipool 2076 alter 6 pen. 




Itil «0h HfoMfr 2 r oU de- 

ndwa foniy lesatairt m VBaae 

«RDflQ. 4 fins BR StfPadd 1 HtTnm 
J t5 Jnjsjt Obi Bsfli. : Batet. 4 
ftaqto. C/ftm. Los Bl Sam nq- 
bre Dartre tony reweann 

™ Wratace etc. 




, Beartidfuth- re- 
stored Tudor totUQe Caute 
Comb* Cbgland'* preflint \U 
Ufo Wanumbm. arched 
beam*, natural stone wau*. in- 
Btateok. high crfhng*. spanous 
rooms, small waged Bate gar 
ora. garage, isw a mite*. Baih 
It miles. £85000. TM. 0249 

Ml AVEBURY, Ma rt perougw 7 
nlte. Heart of unspoilt downs. 
Superb, lge. penod. Duiehed 
cottage In i acre 5 bed*. 2 
bathk.4 recpL dMe gge. rir. oi- 
lers nbsxx». Dennis Pocotk 
A _ forewen. Maribarough 

MARLBOROUOH 7 mile*, puiur 
n<|ue ranoinde. rural snnng. a 
bedroomed penod house wire 
vxtemdve ouuuiidmgk & 1 acre 
pretty garden*. Offer* 
£120.000. Dennis Porock A 
Drewefl. Maribarough 83471 

Si V aite-i *il. ntdal krr h» 
3 bed*. 1 ige reeepL r/f kncb. 
baih. gge. gdn. r/h oaod condl- 
U64. £66-000 0672 53870 

Owtimwd aaaedfqe 




> ■ 




i ftc i ijyicS WfcjL>Nt5i/AY A(JGl)2if 2/ 19&0 



HOusciv mow r 

CKV * ks / Www5r 
lot££? 3 ffnw-. ttt ntng r oom. 
i^T Tl'. 3 ** *■_ Whwm. CM- 


mowtoaoes & 
10.29% . 


3^ income or 

mam + 1. 

01-B47 3123. 

mmmoa l * p, 

71. Loadoa Frail rrrluiMi 
London El 8g~^~ 


r oom m con i 

RKHrr a iSO-vear lease on a 
now English Courtyard cntlan* 
or flat wul protect your capital 
"BOfcrat inflation. and preside 
you with a comfortable homo. 
Mwsncany datgned for low 
running costa. Many happy cou- 
pes now nvw the pnvacy and 
•"dependence of these attrac- 
Wdy landscaped developments 
WHA pood security and 2 a- hour 
warden service. From £79.000 
Dnon. Berks. Northants. Som- 
erset. Surrey. Hampshire. Full 
details from The English Court- 
yard Association. 8 Holland St. 
London W8 4LT. TeL-0 1-057 

nun. amcL 
» mots anvmr 

Morn Gotwolds, 20 mb sepal 
dbtmcs Stratford/Oxfort. ih 
MS. London. Secluded 3 bed i 
stM Ut au4n> bunodow. etc I 
HMttflU. *H senicas. 1 ml pic- 
turesque village. Borders 
Heyd^/WhnrtJs buds. Grei- 
ftJSry aval Gait 2 mb. 
£5000 ner nuyn. 

fit een reran 



WPOnii ip ranrv runLn 
nau top Door Manor House. 1 
daUM & l smote bed. 1 recap- 
uon. Mctien/dmlnsi. bathroom. 
CH Uy or peoden. From mM - 
Sept. CaiO pcm. Also e/3 bed 
cottage. TeL-Ol 907 0668 fE* 

tosgne an exdunve resort, just TO minutes from Geneva. . .Sunshine. . .skiing 
. ; skati ng . . . swi mm ing. . .golf. . .bone-riding. . . gnperti re new a nts & shops. 
InterorttonaJ schools . , . aB set faa wooded slopes with stunning mountain view. 
All this - and more - you will End at VILLARS - a historic village with 
a sophisticated yet illir friendly atmosphere. 


IM AS Dt Vnn 3 bedroom redly i 
furni shed executive cottage [n 
WW Wm vtBsge tltiiatlnn Lot 
flsrden with trout stream. £360 
nan IM. rata a, gardener. For 
rte * CUtverwe l l 103801 3337 
. I W Mi. mml luxury 

note to let from caao ncm. 
OZ3S 64660 or 0338 66333 m 

New hmstment opportunity in Swiss Real Estate 

A unique concept in leiect tally serviced apertmom with all ike ftnmu. of a luxury hotej^ndoor pool 
I. squab, bus. nsaunuiL etc. I to 4 ream apartments from SF 1 3a00a- Up lo 80b Swue finance yvailat* 

a &voiuab*c term*. 


I swirzauuffll 

& Mountain resorts 
w m m m inmBnaOHUth: 


10 AM - 8 PM 28TH & 29TH AUGUST 

BDLARY SCOTT LTD For details and appointment: 

k22 Upper Richmond Rood West, tiwMWhnifcTOaaM, 

Loadoa SW14 7JX WFU 1884 VBtare, Swtoxrtsnd. 

Tefcpfcaae: 02-876 4555 CJ TOqAoaer 81841 35033531 

Tclet 927828 ■■ Tefc* 456213 GESECH 

aun, LB ewnsn 

to HUB-: Itatonm nth UM 



; MUM I PUUER RCBtOM 2 vtUape 
lme« In splendid medieval vil- 
lage near yea & mountains. 
About XX3J3QO& £36.000. FUr 
detatla rthg 0866 611886- 

I STUDIO APT. Overlooking Oo Urn 
St-Tropee. Provencal style vU- 
laga. Shored pad. 1 bed. 
£46.000. TCL- 09934119087. 



MAJORCA oueudui Simui X 2 
bed apt 4th fir Pool side comer 
Pom. Seo views Una A. Never 
Comm. Let £38.000. Tel; 0773 
810276 evenings. 


tar ca m e- Holiday baacti house. 
£l9j00a indudes two fur- 
nished apartments and four 
rental units, short walk to 
beach. Dover femes, pubs, 
amusements. tuning, etc. Fabu- 
lous Investment and Itottday 
retreat. Tel owner in Belgium 
OlO 32 69 70 64 38 

TDCWI SOUTH The best de- 
vdopinent* on Sen Miguel Golf 
Course overlooking sea, or su- 
perb properties by Kurt Konrad, 
adjacent to new Manna, nr Las 

Americas. Tel Own Sol taper- 
UM 107721 26687 124 hrsl 
ABOPA member Free brochure 

land fob sale 

proxhnaMy 9 acres of 
rrstoeniiai land with rau plan- 
ning approval For details 
TCI.I0302J 78 7864 anytime <T) 


Hals and nouses in Rno- 
Thames boatyard. Fully fur- 
nished and equipped, service 
and mamiamance. I or 2 bed- 
rooms. Telephone 0753 862 


bedroomed nal wuh balcony 
and views over harbour. Air 
condi Honed, fully terntshed. 2 
bathrooms, carpeted, swbn- 
nung pool security. F/H. 
£40.000 sale. Owner willing to 
exchange for similar flat In cen- 
tral London. Tel 01-402 1776 



apartment for sale. Pfeuc 

location 6000 fU excel lent 

amenities. fully eaidppmi fur- , 
n toned etc. Bummer iking. 1 1 
rental* easily arranged. Owner 1 
has genuine reason for quick 
sale 41 £39.000 but offers 

Tel 102261 354476 


RAPALLO Charming house with 
Using room. 3 bedrooms. 3 

bathrooms, dressing roam, may 

equipped kitchen. Gas healed, 

garden, super view ci Rapa Bo 

Bay. £165.000 Tel London 

684 5871 or Italy 10.342510. 

22 n CARAVAN Sited dose SI 
Tropez. Fully Equipped £3800 
OIM. Tel: 021 461 1368 


villa .5 beds, under consuuctiou 
In unsnolll situation away from 
coast. Exceptions] views. PooL 
management etc avatt. 
£66000. 07974 3182 (T>. 

ALGARVE voamoura. New sin- 
gle bed mi apartment, lux fitted 
kitchen/ bathrm. pool. 8 Mins 
sea/ marina 2 mins ©oH. 
£37.600 ono. 0268 880826 


Tha ohm tor prepwiy in 


Erpendw choice of land, lanre 
Cor conwraiQn. luxury vBas. n- 
vesumns and advice, (hr My 
QHMBd. Engtab/ Portagese 
tom wart yt». Cantu Jean an* 
eveftog on ffr06 87932 or Betyt 
On 0708 3GSB01. 




2 bed apt next bo Puerto 
Banuik, fuDy (timifthed, air 

ft ffid, tfWiKnitf iwilt 

besdi did) etc. 

242,000 cun 
Ted Mm Phillips 
01-99B 8131 (bus) 
096272 462 (hoene) 

JAVEA 4 bedroom. 2 bathroom. 
WC. Lounge. Kitchen. UtUtty 
room. Garage. Luxury villa tn a 
very secluded select area. Large 
ptoL own drivq. Beautiful uar- 
dem. nuuntatned weekly. 
£60.000. Td^0276J 083718 

FORCED SALE furnished 2 bed- 
room viDa between Malaga and 
MarbeUa A perfect spot far a 
holiday or l e pra m a n t. Photo- 
graphs available £36.000. Tel: 
0224 632746 ev enings. 

sales available. Gondderable 
saving on im. ANo Sole Agenis 
for a luxury villa HevNopmenL 
01-446 2481. 

^ kSludlo hi*, rx- 
dudve devOopenunL B mute 
beach. aUncttve racuitles. 
£17^300. Tet 0329 662073. 




Owner la seHng 


Cfutet style. 3 rooms, soutft-f*:- 

L Beney, one postage 2. 


plete range of aropertta In over 
60 wtnler/sununer resorts. Es: 
vertoer. VHtars. Lake Lucerne. 
Bernese Obertand etc. Contact 
Hilary Scott Property. 422 Up- 
per Rirfuncmd Road WesL 
SW14. Tec 01-876 


FLORIDA 2 Bedroomed apart- 
menL Troptc bay 

condominium. Del Ray Beach. 
Very elegant, modem 6 wen 
famished. Swtmratna Pod * 
Marina. fMUJOO Tel: Scott 
0644-291 826 

Rosy In Harbour. 
Long Island. Restored larrn- 
bouse. B bedrooms. 4<6 baths, 
large living room, dining room, 
eal- ui -kitchen. i<* acres, quiet 
cul-de-sac. Asking USS 
700JXW. TeU6 16) 621 1126 or 
wme 655 Motts Cove Road. 


MARBELLA 2 bed apartment on 
complex with leisure fanHltes. 
Last week in January. Only 
£2250* 0608 41911 





5 Bedrooms, 3 Bathrooms, Shower room, 2 Luge re- 
ception rooms with balconies. Large newly fitted 
kitchen /Breakfast room. New carpets. Cumins. Resi- 
dent porter. Lift. Independent Central beating. 

Rent £260 - £1,000 per week 

23 CADOGAN PLACE. LONDON S.V/,1 01 235 2832' 


V -'— R ESIDENTI A L- — 


ExceBant convsmon with patio strwjW onto carnnurai panlem. 

Homer Hill 




For rentals in Sussex, Surrey, Berkshire and S.W London, 
Homer Hill Ltd. incorporating Mays Rentals offer the widest 
range of quality houses and flats. 

Telephone: 037284 3811. Telex: 89551 IZ 


Spaoous double recap, due end s4e beds, superb modem fined 
. . , - months. E270 pw. 

Uchen and bath, mail 12/24 

Nutting HB Office: 01-221 3500 


Bn^n one bedroom Hal In euaKani PB block, porterage, HL 
riSO pw. 

entryphone, good modem tumolNigs. 8 months plus. 

Docklands Office: 01-538 4821. 


Lux flats to rent Fully fum and 
partly serviced. 3 beds and 2 beds. 
£800 pw and £450 pw. 

Reiff. Diner & Co. 

01-491 3154 


A to* 

kwiianitte iww deponed 
ItHm very dewahle I 
Ind. rerea. 1 tmti 4 H BL 
now tar tong Co Let £375 pw 

Irattomfif handled mwoo- 

ebe Mlh toaonto 6toW9g- 

2 tods, recep. - - - 
Arad im its Imo Co Lei £275 


Bcatobd brand dm Inn IH 
wen iBPrt tadMw 1 
tod.reop.1 Wtiitl W J** 
[now to long Co Let SITS p» 

01-730 8682 

A wS fum and spacious de- 
tached hse JocatBd on Ae 
stapes of Coombe rtfl. Kfm- 






3rd bathrm, ige sfflmg 
rm. fte dWe gpe. 
Heated swmmmg 

la shower rm. 

ladlities- Tee & pato. 

Co. or embassy let 



546 1151. 

JMST END Wl Meal Company 
nu m wignwre St 1/2 b«b 

i^rSeew. w«?dBiu+>nwe« 

CHW. F-W. Good 

01221 8838 

WMeUDOH. hiwdahea hee. 3/ 
4 bedrma. 

58791729 879 

1666 leveek 

cb*l7WI_ fnoxr m- a 

L^iiunrmtl ramuhed tint n vH- 

„ l<f FbuBffpai Property wan 
«TO« 784441 

BAN 90. To let ■ tow 

JSmc dt Odns. fTennU 
sflWwSi ftal wuh 

mu. bed won 

» bain, hww i’lrTf 

otHur. col re. £276 
HHowanl Mlntor A OB 

B Z832 

k Fum n** 
jui'flr Iinr (|L 2 rrti K A 

a i ap4OT _—— 
016*9 7676. 

Keith, ^ 





EitWonUf aoncM am tona ■ Oh new mens dMkp 

rnNi due u Sadfi Ktnsa^oa Exh usogagend mgsi Rue 

Um taannaenon ntaks daedie ncq»an mom. 
'sTedt Tm bedroom 2 eoucw finkwns. 2 tHroom s. and Uy 
MM unen UlSItSt ft 

■US PlAtt, LDUM, S-W.t. 

Ord» one nndi hwn Hmtids Best Ixqn nd proponand Rm 
Mrtaat M hen in gf im amuai gadens Ttan s a 


M9dM Donor and aumiddon compnses of Dumotnh 

dongnwn i;r kflenta. 2/3 beoons. 2/3 teUnnsiMB 1 


Top door imsoaoneMHmN tana and ooge n nek Me Ined 
pnses of drnmo room, tomgragm. slady. 3 beagans p dc 
1 sngw. 2 todams. am HC . and My MW tattcnnSO 
Begn tds dose u Kronyvi Gxdau a* mW MciM 
ndndnfl rad stoece. ucnonal saraces. V ban portmp and 
ocedM senrtr Tte R» tow hqdatxs m top moaUet) 
calm ExJi IM cgn*nMS of 3 or « Mdraowj. 3 SanrouiH. 2 
tage reccotoa mom. ato lufty MBd Wctoa Fran 9M m 


6 Arlington Street, London SW1A 1RB 

01-493 8222 

□ Sturgis 

Brand new ml beao&tuly Wena 
ttagned Hal in rehxttslwj block 
Obie bed. drawing m y gaton ed rail- 
ing rm, bab ee u lA (firm, hdy hi 
i co Id E300 pw. 

‘SO Mm Ground Rm| 
trammN RM wtti large and 
onus moms. 2 dble beds, fengsa 
fecept tatdi/bhtSI rm. toth. aH nn4 

I cfxnev. long co ML E32S pw. 

“iisffs — ' - 

decorated and bmshed eiooni 
l a let 2150 m 

Sgcctacsto 2 swey ropdenca 
deal lot entatamng 8 «*» “■ 
ecubvo or amtasranr tom 
Recap room, dmog room, break - 
bsa room, knehao. 5 tods. 3 
baPt^dodroom El.OOOpwnag. 

g eto squa re. Long . . 

AflCWOT nSi W2 Vwy pfoQii 
house m qmat Hews. Minor M 
e«L 2 tods. 2 reeapd 2 bams! 
' IH Mcb, bmacs. tang co teL 
5 pw. 


Srteenoc of .swart 1/2/3 1x4 

ioom itos. Newly Oactxatad jno | 
fcmtwi. FVwttfs 

ECO pw. 

Iran E1B5 -| 


We bare ■ sgwti idecbon of per- 
soralty nspeefed fumstod and 
unfinnriied prapnbes in maty fine 
Resttantai dolncB. rangrag Irani 
£150 pw B) £2,000 pw. 




Tel: 01-486 8926 

FULHAM SWS. 3 bed beoubfuny 

fumlshcU luxury fUl wun 41- 

Inctive balcony. large 
kncMn/breakfeM room, tovoor 

drawing room, super oathroam. 

tofl storage, ecu. dose to rube 

and xhara. Coreoany lei era 

ferreo. 6 manure - 1 yew- 076 

per week. Tel: 01-736 4629. 

KENSntBTOft: Ftobr funnshed 
mahaneRe Large, open plan 
swing room. 2 aw bedreomo. 
krtenen. balhraom and large na- 
no garden ComUanl hor watsr 
A central heating included. n« 
served ear parking nmluded. 
£156 pw. Tel.-Ql -748-3275 

SWriW/Pumey bdrs. Enchanting 
■unny edw Aw. 3 bra. oaruen- 
6/13 months £226 s.w Co ML 
0343 872 302. 

ALBERT ML ft w B. onraenvefy 

rumbbed garden flat In Itsled 

Victorian Sabare. S Bedrooms, 
lounge, tony mM kltehm. 
bathroom. «XC.H. mt p honc. 

available from September until 

July 1987. £120 b.w. Ol 213 

4736 romeaL 

KENSmOTON SWS 2 anactous 

family hornet, an macKk. new. 

ty doomed. 1 min. lubr> 

Duptox 3/4 b ed im s. A living. 

dining, study. k/bklsL 2Vi Bams 

& grins. £360. FUl I bedim. Uv- 

R I2 mooen badsL wmn- 

hn. £130 ine gas. 570T362 

uix Om/hoiw. up u csoopw. 
Usual fees red Phillips Kay A 
Lewis, souui of Uie Park. Chel- 
sea office. 01-362 Bill or 
North of the Pant. Regent's 
Park office. 01-666 9662- 

garden square £20 0 p. w.iNO 
agnmu. Tec 01 244 9076. 

LONDON NWZ 3 miles Wesnmd. 
S/c lux 3 bed. 2 recepf fl at- Co 
let. £186 pw neg. 01 459 2573. 

JH| Mam or Jrta VNagtas 
01-244 7441 
94 OU Brampton Bold. 




penetodraesgt Devg rm * I 
BBmfsmw. Sap wc. ft 

WEST PtlrilET. AOra 
doss to near and oM. 3 beds, c 



01-788 7884 

lop mi * prangs Matt. Msg ranrv 

ST JflWTS HOOD ML Nm 3 bfd 

pes w ocst 2 iggf terrace. 

3 toms 2 xceos M dcs. Co. 

UL ms go. 

Tab 01-724 3160 

PUTMEV By me river, autet gar- 
den flau 3 bed. large recaption, 
fully fitted kitchen. Ol. good 
transport, shoos, long company 
let- £160 B.w TM.-01 226 4698 

HfCHQATC. 3 bedroom luxury 
house nr transport. Heath 6 
shops. Garage, garden. £225 
pw. 267 7699 or 741 8284 

KDMt RB SWS FuMy furnished 
1st Roar studio. Own entarancis. 
Bed Utter, kitchen, bathroom. 
Rent ton man 3 months £180 
p-w. 3 months to 1 year £166 
p.w. Go Let tody. lOli 789 5566 
or OT 84 61600 Ext 9026 wont 


Hlohgate. Modem f amity house 
In quia* anracave mews. Lge 
Living area. 4 beds, master Inc 

KEHSaMTDN MM. EU 2 bed flat 
in luxury stock. Lee recap wuh 
balcony. I": bains, kit all nuen- 
Undsrgrnd car pkng. Treman- 
dous value at £2SO pw bic cn 
Chw. 935 »12 m. 

NRUT lux a bed. 2 bath de- 
tached hse. Gun. Gw. Scenic 
Views. 668 8832/0273 728349 

. . . 2 n/s fe- 
males to share lge rm In tux hse 
£36 pw me. Tel:01-2S46781 


HTDE MBK GATE SW7 ImnaaiiNs benmfuUy ftvnishaR fid with 3 dbto 
beds. 3 bade. 2 recaps, lot EUWO pw. 

OUEENSGATE SWT Wwior designed iraa r racetort condition. 3 dbta 
bads. 3 barhs. 2 recaps, tauten. Unfurnished. £900 pw. 

WEST EATON PLACEHEWS SW1 Eratenting maws bouse wiBi ratten A 
oarage dacuraB} id btfi standad. 3 beds. 2 bads, Z ncs. ktf. POO pw 
msm/m VILLAS W8 Exntem nawfjr modernised house. 4 Urals, 2 
baths. 3 reaps, tauten, patio. £700 |W- 

We haw a »ray tone sefccbon of properties to let in Central London. From 
£150 - E£OG(l per week. Company fee piafBned- 

01 584 3285 



COUUBl MUD MS. Chamm hse 
da vs 3 beds. 

ai the ereckencury Vdage 
dUerecepL shmnmg well squm >». 
baBam. duks, patio, cedar, sen/ 
chw tWU ow 


01 502 2425 

well dec aM hire tarniy hse. 4 tods. 
2 toms, recea rm. study. U/ finer, 
utoh. sqi wc. gen. gch«n» £250 

°"soBTi unram office 

01 827 0353 


We specialize In 
letting quality 
furnished homes. 


837 7365. 

KEMINOTIM. CSiarndng nrwty 
deco ra iwl 1st floor flaL C3os* lo 
tube and buses. 1 me bad. sin- 
gle bed. rrasuon/wntr. fully 
rated kitchen and bathroom. 
Available 1 year *. £196 pw. 
Tel: Ol 49g 8030. 

B e l gr a via flak * homes re- 
a m red lor American OorapaiMs 
front £2QO£2.0GOpw. High Cal 
tbn properties oho svaUaWo 
now Burgess buw Agents 

COSTWOLDS. Charmuig Geor- 
gian Coach house In lovely 
village. Beautiful grounds. AO 
comforts Open fire. Avail 
.norm 6 mt» £360 pm. Ring 
Over fiery <038689} 551 

ing 2 beds. 2 recera. 2 baths 
flat Fully furmaned. Co LrL 
£27000 pv». Coward 6 Co Ol- 
834 1967. 

HUiWTON) In oidal gvdan sore. 
7 nuns Victoria/ Northern Une. 
sc or tin m with pauo. I dMe 
MM. I recep. K4H. ClO O pw 
me. CH/ HW Tel 01-607 T7T3 

UM 1*79 for CamlMn Qualuy 
3 bedroom houses SV/19. CI45 
- £350 pw. Furmsned/ unfur 
mslwd Home From Home Ol 
946 9446. 

nnWT'WMIUDON are*. 2 
bedroom flats Comoro and 
prrvale lets £1 lO - CSOO pW 
Home From Home. Ol 946 

W6. 2 x brand new 2 bed luxury 
malaanean sei In om-aie com 
gfmt. Owe to «U amataues 
Own car spare £626 pcm 
Haunt Lines 6 Go: 741 2102. 

NW1 - S/c Oal. Bed /sit rm. 
kHchen /diner- bathroom. CH. 
Suit 5mgle> £9Spw Inc 267 3877 


N HAMPSTEAD. L« apt. N new. 4 
baorres, 2 baihs. kit wish 
maenrary. ^ '■& maoaorai gdn. 
CS5 pw 

SLOANE SO. Soorati beaut fore ad. 

Dhta bsdrai. spaaoos giipant 
raLHih. pailo. Top 

recep Dm area 
exec Drop. £195 pw. 

PUTNEY. Very spactaus apt 2 
beams. 2 ncp. k A b. Ftntasac 
vafur - me C/H El 25 pw. 

WCL Dose Bnt Mgseura and Urdv. 
r tadrm M. racep. fat wesfi mcP. 
snows. WC. £120 pw. 

B1-4BB 5334 



Sndti Kenshgton. Contenip 3nl 
floor ftal Pranct order. 2 Me. 1 
sole beds. Lga recra>. F/F tahten. 
2 baths (1 ensutaf Bafcony. Nr 
Hyde Part, tacal Co let 

Avlesford S Go 


We urcandv recurs new or newly 
nrtura hats and houses, fum o 
uniwn. n 51 Johns WoodiHeoents 
PwX/haraKiead.'Kii s ii mu i Uu e to 
tottoi wmoRa aopfe are s 
Pnoa Iran E25U pw - £2.000 pw 
Aopwann m Lnootn now wemag. 

or Hewn ae 

D1-724 3160. 

Omr High 
Modern 2 bed flat, bathroom 
we A kitchen, w /dryer. Long 
Co Let. £190 pw Goddard 6 
Smith 01930 7321 

F-W. CAFF (Management Ser- 
item Lid reoure properties m 
Central. South and Wes Lon- 
don areas for walling 
OOMicafltS. 01-221 8838. 

HAMFHIAD Mf contained ruby 
f urnohed flaL I double. 1 single 
bedrm. living rm. kitchen, 
bathrm. central neanng. 1 year 
£136 DW Tel: 01-4666069 

r eaui re luxury tuus and 
houses Hampstead and SI Johns 
Wood Bentleys cn 435 7*91. 

HAMPSTEAD Family hse. 6 beds. 
2 bath. 2 recev. targe kit /diner, 
garden Heath 60 yds. Ono year 
£360 p.w. Tel. 267 4881. 

KEMMNenM ws Lux Garden 
iul EHrie bed. Lrge recep. KIL 
balh. Bern 6 months +. £140 
pw. Tel. 430 1536/370 6919 

BUNBLE AJKH Mansion Mock, 
nice fum flat a beds. 2 rerepa.. 
K A B. CH. company Let. £200 
P w 01 883 4037 

OFF Firmer mi anracave 
fuHy eaufnred 3 bed fiat to we« 
main tamed block. 789 8217 

Your place in the sun 

Gran Ahcant, an Already-established sdmw of 353 apaztnKste-OR the Cuh ffiiaca 

So many leisure-home complexes are 
being built in Spain that it makes sense 
for a buyer to consider a scheme which is 
already established, although not com- 
plete. Developments which already have 
tennis courts, swimming pools, a few 
shops and bars are more likely to 
continue to thrive as more units are 

And. once a residential community is 
established, it must form a residents 
association. Known as comunidad de 
propiciamis. an official administrator 
has to be appointed, regular meetings 
held and a budget presented Foreign 
owners who cannot attend are allocated a 

proxy vote. Proximity to an airport is 


also valuable. Two contrasting schemes. 
Gran Alacant on the Costa Blanca and El 
Puerto dc Sotograndc at the western end 
of the Costa del Sol. owe much of their 
appeal to the above points. Gran Alacant 
is a big apartment complex of 353 one. 
two. three and four bedroom units, built 
in two V-shapcd blocks on a cliff top six 
kilometres south of Alicante airport 

It has bars, a restaurant, supermarket 
and even a bakery. AH the apartments 
have uninterrupted views of the Medi- 
terranean and overlook the two swim- 
ming-pool areas set in mature gardens, 
which form the heart of the Vs.The 
whole Gran Alacant estate, totalling 
2.000 acres, is owned by Banco Exterior 
de Espana. which has seven UK 
branches. The London head office is at 
60 London Wall. London EC2. Banco 
Exterior bought Gran Alacant in July 
1983 after the development company 

The infrastructure and most of the 
apartments were already completed, so 
the bank's commitment has been to 
finish the interiors, complete the leisure 
facilities and market the scheme. 

Purchase prices are among the lowest 
for a holiday development along any of 

the Spanish costas. With a one-bedroom 
flat costing £13.093. comparisons are 
bound to be made with high-season 
times hare purchasing. Services charges, 
at Gran Alacant arc low at£220 to £300 a 

All the homes have an open-plan 
kitchen fitted with cooker — a fridge, 
dishwasher and washing machine are 
optional extras. The bedrooms have 
fitted wardrobes. A terrace leads directly 
from the living area and some flats have 
a small additional balcony off the 
kitchen. The four-bedroom units are' 
slightly different in design, having a 
second bathroom, two terraces and a 
larger living room. 

How to take the pain 
out of buying in Spain. 
Diana Wildman reports 

Prices range from £13.093 for one 
bedroom. £15.488 -for two bedrooms, 
£ 1 8 J09 for three bedrooms and between 
£28.721 and £32.209 for the four- 
bedroom units. About L20 apartments 
are for sale and ready for immediate 
occupation. The agents. Azure Develop- 
ments. can arrange a full furnishing 
package from £1.500 upwards. 

Further details arc available from 
Patrick Whitaker. Azure Developments 
Ltd. 26 Church Road West, 

Fambo rough. Hampshire GU146 6QG 

(0252 543177). 

The 4.000-acrc Sotograndc estate has 
been established for more than 20 years 
and Puerto Sotograndc. the beachside 
400-unit apartment complex within the 
estate, for the past eight. Facilities 
include a beach club, sailing, 
windsurfing, golf and a variety of shop. 

Fernando Montojo. Puerto 

Sologrande's managing director, has had 
plans to build a marina for yeari. When 
the border restrictions between Spain 
and Gibraltar were lifted, in February 
1985. property prices, ahnost doubled at 
Sotograndc because of the proximity of 
Gibraltar airport — 20 minutes away — 
and investment money began-'to pour 
into the marina project 

Mr Montojo now has all the finance 
for his ambitious marina scheme: To. be 
known as El Puerto de Sotogrande. work 
_ on the first phase of 250 apartments,' 
' some commercial units and 560 berths is 
well under way. Occupation is scheduled 
for next July. 

The two low-rise a par tm ent blocks 
face over the El Puerto de Sotogrande 
marina to the sea beyond. Prices for the 
two and three bedroom apartments 
range from £55,(XXl-to .£110,0(XLT1 ms 
berths, of which 40 per cent are sold, 
range from £6,000 to £180,000 for one 
capable of mooring a Dynasty - style 
yacnt-The style and layout of the new 
marina has been strongly influenced by 
the 19th-century Mediterranean town- 
house style, Umding with a Venetian 
theme with soft red-tiled roofit,' long, 
narrow windows and differing ' pastel 
coloured faeadet, all of which is in. total 
contrast to the mortem starimess of 
Fernando Montego’s original : beach 
apartments which adjoin the marina. . 

B Puerto de Sotogrande can be 
contacted at 27 Hill Street, London WIX 
8AS (01-493 1333) car through the main 
agents. Overseas Residential Prot 
(0240-29769); Fmai&qlUd(Q272-* 

and Chestertans (01-937 7422). 

Buying, property jn Spain u.foiriy 
. straightforward and details of lawyers 
specializing in Spanish residential prop- 
erty ales can be obtained from the Law 
Soaety, H3 Chancery Lane, London 
WC2 (01-242 1222). - 

wGICORGL KNIGHT -The Letting Ayenl 


We have an extensive portftfio of penooally i n s p ec t ed I 
properties in all of London's finer residential districts. [ 

ranging fioin [one bedroom thus at £ 1 75 a week to ft 

hones at £1.500 a week for terms ol sui 
months or longer. Company tenancies an generally I 

For immediate and professiooaJ a tten ti on . 

Telephone either our 

Hampstead Office 01 794 1125 
Or Kaightsbridge Office: 01 589 2133 

M A \ A < ; E A IEM EXPERT ISl ; 




ROLAND GOMS SW7 beautiful 
2 bed flat chaining Recep. 
tat machs, bath. Gas CH. 2nd 
fl. aval now. Co M. E32S pw 

im STM Pretty Is in quiet 
st 3 beds, recep, tat. machs. 

perb 5 bed Its. 3 recap, tat 2 
bath. 2 cite, utfity rm. &io,. 
partitas, Gas ch. UNF. Avail 
no. Co let EflSOpw 

diningarea. 2 bath, patto, rotf 

ten. Gas Ch. Avail now £375 
pw Co tel 

smart 2 bed flaL Recap, tat, 
bath, tg tofl. Lift Gas CH. 
Avafl now. Co let £400 pw. 

01-589 8122 

Exes tore «*J0, 1st A am Hr 
mas. 2 am Dads. BMh. On- 
ng hail Lga racap. kl Aral 
1 st Sore tar long lot £225 pw. 

Sumy. ownor'S mm 3rd b ItU 
m mansion Hl 4 bad. bottom. 

lge recap, tat/ ciwm. Aval 
now tor 9 I 

1 machs. E300pw. 

01 581 7648. 


Modem 2 bed flat tn garden 
sotting. Cta&B Stati on - 12 
nans City. We* furntshsd/ 
equipped. C/H. £110 pw. 

Rafs required. 

Tel: HJUfl. on 

(0438) 367891 

For tha bast , 
rental selection of 


hi prime London ansu 
27B £arb Comt Road SWS. 

on Ol 356 8861 lor the firs! ■*. 
MlMn at ruinkshcd Ran and 
Iwuses to rani In Knkgfitsfindge. 
Ctwisea and Keuington m 

N4NXAND MIM Modem ruBy 
lurnished flal in Norland 
Sauore Wl l aulUne 1 panon or 
raume. £iso b.w. TefcOl 997 
1768 eve*. 

9*79881 The number to remem- 
6w when seeHtog bat rental 
oropemet In conteal and arfme 
London areas £150/£2JXXtow- 

W1 RECCNK m neL 2 ML 1 

rrcn. k&fi. skumm. Overtook- 
tog Park. Co furn Let. £190 
B.W. Tel; Ol 734 9312 

Wl DCVONMNdt Sir exc l bed 
ftal m lux mock. £i 50 »w Mine 
Chw /ch 24 hr Dorter. 1 yr co 
let av«|. P4aUay* 01 381 0344. 

urevemty & Brtl muhukl TN 

Helen Watson 6 Co. 080627& 
■fUtMi 6 bed home. C/ H. 
KM*/ Pels welcome. £12SnW 
i nr. Renui Guide Ol 686 7876. 
■LooHseurr wet. BeMiUfui 
dbl bed not. o/ (0<*ng Quran 
Sg. £ 176 p w. qzzs 580 893. 


H0NM Wl 20U to tt MHMft Z 

Ism racefc m. 3 tods. 3 tofis ti 

roooi. ■ M. * im to as L EM to 

NTtoSP Is^Ndef 

Bto. Lge namrntod ■* nN tonek 

w*Nr ben to to mn e o» p lx ss Mto 

Bah, im am m. tA. u. ran jar. 
■U1MU1U tel StoMi BN ta 
tod m urn otMHog Tboa*. Z130 to 
■d OVGHN. 

Lanttords ft Tmmls 
come to ua for 

and jlmfor areas. 


01-734 7432 

Urgently namr* Rm* 6 ho u s e* 

in central London from £180 to 

£2.000 pw. Please caO Batty 

Ow . or Lorrslna CanwfieB an 

01-357 9684. 

LANDUMM/ aWNCn. tt you 
have a Quality pronarty to lot 
lefl ns about K. w» offer a pro- 
Itootonal A KMMe so-utea. 
Qinetl Coaewn tt ne. Tit: Ol 

244 7386 

—■ TON WteK toWlft BtoHUenl 
G douttte bed semL FnOy 
mode n toad. 3 untie. 2 tom* 
rec. aunaru kMdhen. genian, off 
meet parking. £400 pw. Hone 
From Heme: Ol 946 9*47. 

SOUTH l ULHl to CTU H Pan rur- 

rushed 2 Ate UM Oat la 

mansion Mock. Halt caUtegs. 

main races into boy wm long 

wtodose. Mod ktt. w/draer & 

_ an. Ca lac 6 m on ths pm*. 

£240 pw Goddard a, Bntttti OI- 

930 7321 

mtUTBM if C studio 4V03 

Cottle. Ol 686 7676. 

SW3. nary m s/card 

dc^kh/w. ClOOms. 


Tel Ol-aao 6738. oaytkne. 

TOOTWC nrrwtr dec. torn share. 
Only £40pw. BUa Ind. Ranud 
GUde. 01 686 7676, 

Oanuei RMhard or MMc. Onto 

Wootfe * CP 400 7381. 

WEST KW A seteettan of ctenif 

tog F/F I&2 BW 
£l5B-17Buw UK. 01*76 189*. 


£ 8£06 + 19 + 

* Are you intcrcsud in PR? 

• Do you eiyoy a c hallen ge? 

- Yes 7 Wdl here is a unique oppoTtnnity for * brigh t 
cnrtnisia.qic SH/Sec (80/451 Yon wflj be myotved in aB 
aspects of the PR dept of a fan moving Intej ttioaal 
PuWWsiog Company. If yon can keep np yoe a 
valued member oftbemocessfid team, and wtuayayaB 

CtQ Amnbd fbr an taiteli 

01-734 2567 

(Urtvorsity of London) 


required for Proferoc end 

lo* ! 

wMi some audio 


on scale ESJ &1 - 
hour weak. 34 dm leave 
Bank Ho£taya ok. 



ticket loan schema. 

Inf, |i^r iWinn — -1 

joo uoiu|Juon «na 

enpScafen form front ^ - 

RBteMd M 
Sbest Imdsu MW3 2PF 

Closing due Rh September 

Secretary median) for 
r cnattman** Offin. Mature «»■ 

tude and good meemutaB ire 

a must for MeamHakNe mm*. 

Uoo. SKOi 80/60- £8-600 
Capital People 940 9384. 

: WP Ope B6.40 
lo C638 per Im. Evening 
shifts Bun to Mk&cm. Wot 
End and Wtmttey/Hurow. 
Can Janet Robinson office 
ANGE LS Rec Con* 01-629 
0777 . 

ham Plu*. Ptu* with ranch *?£ 

nance Vflun. Wc rdple * WP. 

Could lead to very Up perm PA 

role, Bam Victoria. CNI osanc 

Davenhara OFTfCE ANGELS 

Flac Com ea-650 084*. 

Partner, epoveyawtog aped at 


LV*. STL. Bonn* . CM deny 


Oboe 01-430 2831. 

3H) wn WP MIL TO lain wen 

known rtvd graap and aim 

wUt market research. Javgam 

Careers f Stoana SgJ Lid. Ol 

730 8148. 

TDUNC SE8MCT«irrift»' wtthat 

■ leva 2 years ofOor experime* 

akUa loo/do raawradtor Prop- 

erty Company Wl. Lmmrto u * 

offica imaitolioiimtototom 

and wide vartetyM — , 

C8JSOO pa. 01r«S7 3306 


■ Htonn. Aatotoou F lai t cato e 

01^30 2831. 

Btofirt. CtLOOO. Ca» 

Nonna. TED AST- ca 736 

US TRAVEL CO Wl Med tor 
good secretarial ekHs and WP 
awtotoaeo. VM anecid nova a 
travel rawed background, be 
oWe In work pnder pr aa e u ra 
•M «lev werUng wm a mm 
nmntos a atuse une - aw 25+. 
£9.000. DuuedHto of Bend St 
01-629 1204. 







Mb 2 

rmr*ml tar busy Euratma ds- 



OWN People i}40 

MATURE PA 55 - 60 to WOrtt at 
mrector toM 

SDOKTAIir *»+v smart and 

■otnotog to uH MtoPtwr and 

ran small sale* otace or cor 

Prera Apancy. UKNteto 

I onanca wtaard looks tor steady 

skltts. todadlng DMO/Wte 

proud of R* N untomd. can 

Jenlce Nerttanore OFFICE AN- 

OEL8 Rec OtoS 01-841 0804. 

UtOAL AUMO/CITV £630 per 

how. nnOmn ctaae Ur.ft 

u w t ton offlea*. HoAdoy* petd. 
Catt ausle Danner office AN- 

GELS Hoc Ceos 01-621 9363. 

canflnnoas aM meattoto m PA 
to Ow SWat Dtrectar of ■ malar, 
m-tsch company. A Vne pa pg- 

NteMM • MM 

90+ and WP asm ace aaad 

Asa ac*. cad stt- aeoo cctoo 
or 439-7001 (Wart End) Secre- 
urta* Ptu* - Tha Sacra ia rtel 

for the chairman. • Petae 

confidence n eed ed ptae i 

SH/lyp. teraarCmeerecte 

Sg J LHL Ol -750 8148. 

Cl4teXL Join Many p r un e 
■tonal WP tew dut Marts, 
men. stl. Lve. Social C ana. 
cau Helen PtdtoteOFTJCE AN- 
GELS HecOma d-480 3831. 

qutoad tor wnu A p erns and 
ecnam dnOee to MDk Batov 
from £7.000. Pl eeee guild 
Mrs. Men: 861 8078. - 

fbaoUDg with euetolly towyere 

to Pttcx Mty, Hal py- CMAM 
Sinclair OFFI CE A NOEL8 
Cane 01-429 0777- 


strif GRADUATE. Treta OB WP. 

I nto n ad o na f Co. Convert Car- 

Ito. Kfja 00 TAF PWto. Grade 

I one (nc oooH Ol 734 oMn 

Dec. Gone. Ol 

wflh several pertnera of one of 
London ' moet prowic 
c wncn ndnnare . Three mcto- 
artes aow needaiL oo pour 
mends could )oto you. The 
work N co c ee lnn e B y heavy, ma 
ny aB poc c m m ta feertoatotg. 
FTom Rape to Fraud to Murder. 

Whet B more yoaH tot an tnisr- 
■tm. lv» 

and tree privsfe m e toce l add. 
And itotk UttusL Check it 
«ul can me pr tyato y B ef g ra 
3r d SapC. J anette Watoer-Thom- 
to OTWCE ANGELS; Dec Cona , 


+ Banking- bmefUn Tide poet- 

Hen would suit ■ «raduaie/A 

21 ■» to wort wtni 4 “toff am- 

Became or Ms new rate, me 

D-M. needs We secretary to aaal. 

wttta wme of Ms pwsonM af- 

mou. Mtebt top Office ad- 
i n l nl itr aH op togethfr wtth the 
secretarial a rgt e rt wtdett in- 
J wet* or - — 

(HUP 90/60. Can TMstoctt Ap- 

potonaenis 01-836 6886. 

PA TO HCADMISim*. Parson 

■ of htoh calibre netted to toewt 


uMe toe work and paraamN to 

ab oit tmtiy tony office. ^Tltls 

t* a tdMmmtwtidtwdtsm 


sensrof hutpour are ream red to 

addfUan to A Uk standard at 

Hoffln practice. - SMbjry 

E9JOOO+- wrke with the mmes 

of two referees Tha Hoad- 

m tores L tones AUenl On if 

School Eaar Dulwich Grave. 


■ PaanerofiMideptBHedwnh- 

In an a m tr ii ef y pre rtt at o un and 
poMdar kiaytok- Pranarty Op 
urgently noednto recrtUt an n- 
pmtancad 6ac/PA cmortBand) 
in become bwatved tn afl as- 
pect* of nts work and “h»a the 
rart- tn bn absence, c. £9ftoo. 
For ftnUter dalaHs- ptease can 
Linda McLeod on 01-469 3084. 
FBMhfdM-PersomicL - 

XMOO tat, Ton young mcoa, 
harrted and cMwtad By m con- 
- of wurtt * By 

brtUM awl 21-28 yr old &ml 
accurate type* capable at firing- . 
tog order to Otetr mteeramr 
Bra . TWu Alva ami CBLvx 

STL. and heaven known whin 

CBffl. Suite Dormer OFFICE AN- 
GELS Rec COm 01-621 9363. 

I Two cbannlne lawyers am - 

UNO- boss, wor king brfarnou* 
nice onto, towtygotng bet ak 
■waning arrival or pbreM . 



ANOLS Rec Cons OI jwi 

boou*. Partner or City Lnw, 

woh ■ — * J 

workload and tuperfa potted 

_ _ end groan f lngwo d pa. 

Own Of ten- C»B J anette Rat£?I 


CM 01-430 2831. 

TPTjT_i ***- n» » j 

CN Ju. 


Can* 01-621 9SOS| . ' 

PJtmntoWPSUi tar aoper 
COL l»m E9£QO - Bfina. 
— — ■ **.—3 clalie. .377 <££» 

typtng ana wiMng w i» m « S^ ■ 
typaai SSJ3004-. PtonmiH 
on 01-408 2843. 

KCKTMY7M ' rumdred - |»i 

Mill Agency. - 




v %■ 



f ! 


( - 

PA to tel a .— . J 

aWfpto OvvapMtttSSerg:^ 

pipflto. TED 


. 9 ■ 




I ■ i VV J| * 1 1 • * ) 


in t 


_ ill 11 

And give you the latest job news from London’s newest recruitment agency. Phone us on Vbicebank 01-400 0378. WORKING 

\i i KM ; \ 


recherche poor sa fiHale a PUTNEY sa 


Vous etcs dynamiqoe, motivfce ex biliogue. Vans connaissez 
it trait emeni de texts ct avez quelques notions de. 

Vous fixes inun&fiatement disponsihle 

I ■ \ .£8,500-/9,000 

f ' ~ Emoyez urrCV et une lettre A- 



Upper Richmond Road 



Temporary Temporary Temporary 

joi n our professional icam of Secretaries 
with the most 

skills, you II find our placements are d»- 
different! Ring or drop into any of our 

Permanent Permanent Permanent 

Appreciating Consultants . ... 

TWs ad is entirely specific. It is written to those who know first-hand just how 
much effort and energy it takes to achieve real success as a secretarial 

reemhmem consultant. 

Such success randy comes easily Drive, energy and ability are all necessary 
Yet so too is confidence. And sometimes, confidence can be eroded by 

' The first question concerns loyally In all honesty we haveyet to meet a good 
co ns ul t a n t who was not also a supreme advocate for their own employee 
Professional pride to one's own organisation is always admirable. Yet in 
troth, how often is it warranted? Is your company as unaxupronustog in is 
support of you as you are ofli? 

The second question e e xye r ns career progress. The professional is often the 
last to benefit from his own skill and expert ise . In your own case, you spend 
each day of the week advising others. But how often do you pause to 
consider your own career? Are you gaining in reward, respect and 
recognition? Are you appreciating, as well as appreciated, as a consultant? 
Ifnot, then perhaps we should talk quire soon — off the record, informally 
whenever and wherever suits you best. Call Richard Grace (Sam to 8pm) on 
01-493 5787 or write in confidence to 35 Old Bond Street, WL 


bamboo curtain is 

is a 


; and this is an 
: Chinese have 

nfi J 

plus ttvvdi to the East Ret (AT). 

Pheae orcall la MR! . 

1^/23 Oxford St, Wl Teh 437 9030 

1/133 Gannon St, EC4 Tet 626 8315 
Victoria St, SWI Tel: 828 3845. 
Wormwood St, EC2 Teb 638 3846 


gagg a 


d : [c ! J ’ I q d : i | ' t*C' a : i'J > _>;« OpjtH >7, 

to Assistant Controller 
. (Engineering) 
Engineering Group 

SALARY:- Scale A £7,593 to £8,406 
per annum inclusive 

WB aro looking far someone wHi quick and accu^ 
rate shorthand and typing, who possesses 
organisational tbBfies and communication slate, 
for tNs demanding role within the Engineering 

You should haw el least 5 years' secret arial ex- 
perience and wfl be required to support the 
rasiSBmii LOrnroqer wno o iBsporaxw w to 
design and maintenance of highways, drainage 
and traffic management schemes within the 

For oa afcn sif tSmeste pieces wd e tf the 
Asohtmt Coototor JByfnseriqA PHSktnor 
OB Ext 43SZ . 

CtosCgr cue ffft S ep t ember 1998. RtoRS/t 

. mpfmamm ronni uun no ginioii uom^oHOi 

1265 Ifigh 

Road, lUiipnL London M20 OEJ. Tofeobooe 
tn-4468S11,EsL 4460 (snsapboMduttag office 
l«n) or sod. 44M. 

JUil* ;-ii'A»Y ' ' tei-*lri*T-»~T» lL 


£ 10,000 

■ We know the word 
“Wfr W is used a lot in 
reentonent ab tut It rnHy 
5 retowit hem. Run the of- 
fice of four top foreign 
-joumafists without supervi- 
sion. a vary rewarding 

S osition. KnigfatsPridga.' 
5 - 40. 

Phone CWrien McOwneC 
on 434 0030. 



Beautiful City offices of top 
merdupit bank have a senior 
position in charge of Cl the 
secretaries, ctmrdlnaiing 
thee workload, total bwoiw- 
A super jab. 

Ring Amatos Fststor ' 
on 434 00301 

£11, 000 + CAR 

Dmasecme Systems » a ocm^mny fonaed to aezvke 
a European network of distributara in the computer 
field The Mnmapiy Director who spends a great 
<innl of ]og time abroad seeds a highly efficient 
•Secretary/PA who can not only ran the administra- 
tion of the company bat deal with the company's 
customers at the highest level The person we are 
looking for will have a sound commercial judgement 
backed up by good shorthand and Word processing 
ability. Age 27 - 40. Write in the first instance 
indonrng your C.V. to 

Mis M Kyle 

' Datasecare Systems Ltd 
. .. Unit 18 
Barestt Industrial Perk 
Park Avene, SdwthaD, Middlesex UB1 3BB 

Upmarket Temping 

to £11,000 

■ This summer; (din an esdushe and 
upwaitfly mobile dire. The pick ofLondods 
prestige jobs. Rewards that pay full 
recognition to excellence. And scffloethiqg 
mere. Longer-recm career growth. Financially 
our pay structure reflects your dewdopmeoL 
So too Our Tr aining unit, where without 
charge or obligation you can bring your- 
self up ro dare on the larest in WP. Find out 

more about ipnarket temping Call today: 

01-493 5787. 


fcciu tan o uC wMhma 


1 need to find my twin who m in -Financial PR 
and Is an excellent SH/typist preferably with 
WP experience. Working In a smafl but friendly 
office where 1 have never been happier earning 
a salary of £9,000. Is this you? 

Call me, Sarah on 01-583 1037 



Admin Sec/PA 


This is a nhallrnrinE opening for a fast -moving 
young Sec/PA Char client, a lively; go-getting 
restaurants group urgently needs your admin skills 

and organising flair to cso-ordlnate their property 
projects division. You will deal with new 
acq uisiti ons, management ami related property 
m at t ers — and front up the department in the 
executives' absence. Skills 80/55. Age 22+. Please 
call 01-409 1232. 

■■■■ Reeruttuear Geofcilturia Htoto^HBto 

recRtired who can work cm own ini tiati v e 


Ffease and C.V. to 
Cokehurch UK Ltd 
98 Baker Street 
London WlM LLA 


The CbufaBm of > Qty booed financial auvfcn group 
w qn ii w an rffirir i ft , wnflotganfacd, dedkattd *coetmy who 
can onrkwdD trodcr prware. Admin work involwo efiart 
‘ »rel arrang a nn ato «nd hmchw far D>- 


to The 


To £15.000 • Car 


his increasing sodai 

t Ka 1*1 III 1 1 ^'1* 

probably aged mid to late 30’s, you must have 
a high level of interpersonal skills, wtth an 






Join one of the top Media Teams in London. If 
you have good typing and a quick mind you can 
really grasp this opportunity. If you succeed you 
will be a TV/Medfrt/Planner/Ihtyer next yean 
Age 21+. 


Opportunity for bright College Leaver to go in as 
a Junior Executive in the Marketing/Reeearch 
area of top notch Advertising Company and work 
your way up to the top. Ability to type necessary 
(30 wpm). Age 19-22. (No Grads). 

£11, OM 

Would you like to work in St James Square SWI, 
in beautiful surroundings for a lively Director of 
this professional Company? Apart from wonder- 
fill shorthand and typing you are extremely 
smart, excellent on the telephone and posess 
admirable administrative prowess. 

Susan Beck R S R i S 

Saks & Marketing to £13,500 

This leading International ma gariyw needs 
a self-motivated grsudate to join their ex- 
panding sales team. Your main 
responsibility will be the marketing and 
selling of corporate advertising space to 
blue chip companies throughout Europe. 
Currently a small section, you will be ex- 
pected to develop its potential This is an 
exciting opportunity for an enthusiastic 
person with experience of or a real interest 
in City affairs to Either their success. Lan- 
guages an advantage. Age: 25-30. 

Interior Design £8,000 

This job offers a boss who comes highly 
recommended and good career opportuni- 
ties m one of the UK’s leading design 
companies. Working within a sales envi- 
ronment, your job will involve team liaison 
and communications in a young, lively at- 
mosphere. Age: 19-24. Skills: 80/50. 

sa fifil/lHJ 1 lJRBni COVENT GARDEN 

hC 0 H P n Y TEL 01*31 1220 


Enthusiastic well presented 
Secretary urgently required. Full 
secretarial skills, typing, 
Audio/SH good telephone 
manner, variety of work with 
potential to negotiate. 

Contact 01-581 2431 

Salary negotiable 

This is an excellent opportunity for a 
young Secretary interested in learning about 
all aspects of personnel and recruitment. The 
company is an international organisation with 
interests worldwide and a good reputation in 
their field. The position is busy and will in- 
volve liaison with applicants and employees 

for the 18-25 year olda 

PJL Secretary 


£7,889 - £9,685 Inc 

Working dosaty with toe dynamic General 
Manager of West Lambeth Health 
Authority's Co mmuni ty Unit; youl have an 
exceptional opportunity to get involved in 
the challenging field of convmjnfty mafidne. 
NaturaBy, you should have exceffent all- 
round secretarial skffls pnetudng word 
processing and shorthand), and be able to 
ensure that our busy office continues to 
function smoothly. However, aa wed as pro- 
viding a thorough secretarial service to the 
Unit General Manager, and other staff as 
required, you’fi find there's plenty of scope 
to act on your own initiative, and to assist In 
developing exciting new community 

A genuine interest in metfeal Issues, and a 
talent for communicating with a wide variety 
to people. wM be highly desirable qualities. 
Application forms and fob description are 
avzreabte from the Personnel Department, 
St Thomas' Hospital on our 24 hour an- 
swering service, by telephoning 01-261 
11 85 and quoting job reference P/14 and the 
job title. 

Oj^ ^t ttMBjfor comjpletBd applications is 

West Lambeth Health Authority is 
an equal opportunities employer 

Im w FU iinin| piiiifln 0esfc With 1 faffi doming SOOI WHfcr 

mc to apprarimatdy 9 j 00 pin. (3216 boors par week). 
Applicants should be edneued to ~CT Levd standard ( in- 
cluding English) and bam typing speeds of 70 w.pim. with a 

Safe) and have typing speeds of 70 w.pim. with a 
of accuracy. Shorthand win also be required- A 
mc manner and the ability to woric under pres- 
> egemiaL Some VDU screen experience waold 

audios English) and have typing 
high degree of accuracy. Sbortbai 
good telephone manner and the i 
suns are also essential. Some VO 
be irarfaL 

Benefits Inefnde 5 neks' hoGda; 
service, season ticket loan sc 

; to 6 after 2 yens' 
mrf k subsidised 

The Ba u t a d De partmen t, 

Financial Tunes, 

Bracken Hon*. !• OreraSnitt LentaBCdP 4BY. 
Or tefa^hoae 01-236 9TS8 for details. 



Cl 2.000 pa with prompt payment and personal 

A variety of mteragting and inwwd&Ma bookings 
•vaiable for temps with: WANG AMD IBM 
DiSPLA YWRITER experience, excellent shon- 
hand sraJ/or audio sk9s are required. 
ftmg JuSb No nhe a et or Jenny IsnB 
For jp ttmwOm Mppo in tnmil 629 4343 
(Late appomunents welcomed) 

mmmm TaEraoNCcDMasM ■■■ 

leqtirto prgeatfy for wrtU, fast grewtof 
ain&ii agency kKI. 

22 +- Wefl presented, corfidenL ntf spotan, good tywra stalls 
and a miss of human essential TtastamRaOinSiMtwe 
mod a commuted and enthusiastic pom Safety negotiable. 

plus administration end handling confidential 
personnel matters. With the emphasis on peo- 
ple, a bright outgoing personality is important 
coupled with good secretarial skills including 
some shorthand. Excellent 01*4899175 
benefits including ibhanoversq w.i 

Christmas bonus. F1NCSS 



• ; 44 10; 

A top gear career 
with BMW sales 

Working in attractive, prestigious offices in 
putney, you will be providing Invaluable 
secretarial, organisational and back-up sup- 
port to our new Managing Director. 

You should be aged 25-35, and have had at 
least one yearns experience in a similar role. A 
thorough secretarial background, and an 
excellent range of sklfls, including shorthand, 
wiU be essential W.P. experience could be an 
advantage, together with a bright and ener- 
getic personality, and a current driving licence. 

Together with salary of £9,500 
there is an exce&ent range of 
top company benefits. 

To obtain an application form 
ring Glynras on 01-788 4314. 


L? J 


i DESIGN & OfJ 1 

8 ACCOM) 8 

§ Accord ere the leading innovators in the 8 
Q Greeting Cards ana Gift Wrapping o 
O market o 

8 We are looking for a young (20*25) go- 8 
§ ahead person complete with office skids 2 
o who has the ambition and energy to be- o 

§ come fu% involved in the creative § 
process In our Card Marketmg & Produo o 
8 tion Team. g 

o No desi^i expmlence essential We will g 
o train you m all aspects of this position o 
8 where you will help see ideas through g 
g from inception to ultimate retail sale. g 

g Publishing to this area Is fun, hard work, o 

8 rewarding and very fast moving. Salary 8 

£9,500 plus Bonus. g 

g Join a winning team in a growth industry. Q 
o Start by phoning me - Clare Brooker on 8 
g 01 34S 0101. 1 did just the same three g 
5 years ago. 5 

B Accord Pubticatfofts pic, 8 

8 Baldwin Terrace, § 

g London N1 7RU “g 


c£8,265 P.A. 

I JA, JA £10,000 

You are around 23 and speak fluent 
German? You need 90+ English short- 
hand and ideally German shorthand for 
the lively dealing area of a G‘ty bank. 
Marvellous benefits including mortgage 


SECRETARY £11,500 

You are a true executive secretary with 
the presentation, initiative and educa- 
tion expected by the M.D. of this firm of 
young underwriters in the City. You are 
23-40, with shorthand, audio and WP 
skills. Frre lunch, bonus etc. 

PERSONNEL? £14-15,000+ 

You have at least 2 years personnel 
management experience with the cm-, 
phasis on recruitment plus a positive 
personality. As a consultant placing per- 
manent secretaries, your hard work and 
expertise will gain you job satisfaction 
■plus earnings of £14-15,000+. 

1 Can Lyn Cecil on 377-8G00. 

CHy 3773600 WestEnd 439 7001 | | 

Secretaries Plus 

The Secretarial Consultants 

Gilt Edged Admin 

to £30,000 

Sound first- job ex p e rie nce? Ttike a step into 
this high-presdge City company As PA/Sec 
to both Group Administrator and Office 
Manager you will look after diaries, meet- 
ings, navel and personal affairs in addition 
to enjoying in-depth involvement to all 
kinds ofcontoany and office administration. 
Excellent: benefits package includes 2% 
mortgage. Good skills (90/55) requested. 
Age 21-25. Please telephone 01-493 5787. 


RB awtet a u C a tM u l a n M 

Bay O’Rourke oh D1-631 


if you have five wap or more secretarial experi- 
ence, skUs to no/ao. 'A' level Ehtosh and like a 
challenge, then you w» enjoy wortting lor our 
Mana^ig Dkector. 

You w« be a very important pert of this growing 
Pensions Consultancy. The abtifty to work under 
presra and a am to hunrar are Important WP 
knowfsrigs would be an asset, though not essential 
as training w9 be given. 

Salary £l1 r 500pa. dose to Victoria Station. 

Please forward your C.V. to: 
Mrs Margaret Blackwell at 
Leonard Grouse Associates Ltd. 
Davis House, 129 Wilton Road, 
London SW1V 1JZ 
or telephone her on 01-630 7141 





£ 12,5 

Our client a leading-edge City pic, is 
seeking a senior PH for the Chairman of 
its North American interests. 

The management of his hyperactive 
business and private life necessitates a 
candidate capable of prioritising the 
workflow and taking decisions in his 

Extensive cfierit contact makes poise and 
a smart appearance of paramount 
importance, together with senior level 

Age indicator 2835. skills 100/60 + WP 
experience. Benefits indude 10% off 
holidays and free restaurant 

Please telephone 01-439 6477 

tit {■: ; f v. i y E Kj 

Admin Manager Designate 

Management Consultancy 

£9,500- £11,000 neg. 

senior icma 


President’s Office 

The Nichols Consultancy Limited is 
a highly successful and rapidly expanding 
management consultancy ccxicemnumg 
primarily in the recruitment and training of 
sales management and marketing 
personnel. Our diem portfolio indudes 
companies such as Gillette. Kimberly 
□aril. L'Orcal and Watney Mann. 

Due to our continued success and 
ambitious expansion plans, we need to 
recruit a c a reer minded person who can 
grow with the company. You will be 
responsible for all support functions, 
working closely with the Managing 
Director developing new computerised 
information and accounting systems. 

The position will abb involve 
working dosdy with the consultant team on 

diem and candidate contact. Initially, h will 
also be necessary for you to undertake 

secretarial duas. 

Candidates will need io be aged 
25-30. well educated, possess formal 
sccnaarial qualificaboos aod a successful 
f j i wr jo ffatp in admin jymuiii n. 

This is a superb opponuntty for an 
extremely ambitious person to join a 
progressive, rcsulb orientated company 

and carve a career which could possibly 
lead to a board appointment m tne future. 

lead to a board appointment m tne ftimre. 
ON 01-541 1777 
The bScbofe Consultancy Ltd., 

Kings! ons House, 15 Ctoombe Road, 
Kingston on Thames. 

Surrey KT27AB 




To £11,500 

A successful highly diversi- 
fied American corporation 
involved m red estate, com- 
puters. relating and health 
care is setting up a new Euro- 
pean Ha m the West End. An 
excellent PA is needed to 
provide fid secretarial back- 
up for the Company Attorney. 
You wd be eStottii. have 
good admtmstrative abilities 
and skills ol 100/60: WP ex- 
perience is essential. Age 25- 

01-499 1092 




To £14JW+Moitgage 

Join the new MD of the wdl 
established international Mer- 
chant Bank a the ousel He 

seeks a motivated and ensrgfiic 
executive secretary to owe tom 

executive secretary to gwe tom 
full support r hs new rote. Eth- 
BBicy and pi o f esmaksm are 
the qualities requred in taka on 
the chaden ge ol a fast moving 
and often demanding enwon- 
ment. Your state m estabkstong 
ottioe systems and a good rap- 
port with chens wn t» of 
paamort importance. Stats 

01-668 1911 




Up To £14,000 

Superb opportunity for a top 
PA to toin the M0 of a smalt 
fnandly company which oper- 
ates internationally m such 
diverse fields as electrical 
and agricultural equipment 
f ood. ie hgt» hmem pro- 
grammes plus management 
consultancy. You must be 
well presented as you will be 
meeting VIPs. You will need 
120/80 stalls. WP experience 
and an acceptance of long 
horn, working under pres- 
j hub. aid to be a non-, 

01-499 0692 

The ICMA, the professional body specialising in 
management accountancy, with over 65,000 
members and students worldwide, seeks to 
appoint a senior secretary to work in the office of 
the president, who is the Institute’s professional 

hfp d anri fmntJ-jnp gp ^lr pai niin 

The person appointed will be based at the head 
office in central London, and will provide a 
comprehensive secretarial service. First class 
skills and experience at senior level are essential, 
as well as a well-organised and flimriWa attitude; 
and availability to work varying hours, including 
some evenings. Age 35 - 45. 

Salary c. £10,500 pa for basic 32 Vi flexitime 
week. Staff dining room, interest-free season 
ticket loan, life assurance and pension scheme. 
Please apply to the Personnel Officer, The 
Institute stf Cost and Management Accountants, 
63 Portland Place, London WIN 4AEL 

(Tet 01-637 2311) (No agencies) 


A marvellous opportunity has arisen for a bright young 
secretary to assist two PR Consultants, within tttis fast- 

secretary to assist two PR Consultants, within this fast- 
growing aid very prestigious PR Consultancy (W1). They 
are both keen to involve you in all aspects of their busy aid 
varied day. to include admin support organising press con- 
ferences, liaising with clients & composing press releases. 
Ideally you are 20+ with accurate SH & wP skills, with a 
friendly & flexible personality. 

Contact Melania Laing 



Ol 631 1 S 4 Tnec-Cons‘ 

Price -Jamieson 

.T 'Y' 1 l ** r 

Vi?TS a kl I , 

c-£ 9,000 

c.£9,500 + Benefits 

'A' level/degree German together with 
an interest m personnel would enable 
you to work for the Personnel Director 
of this international company based In 
Putney. Duties would include inter- 
viewing. recruitment, office 
management and stgservislon of all 
personnel administration. Skills; 90/55 
+ 2/3 years good experience. 

Design - Committee 



Lovely opening within small, personable advertising agency 
where the opportunity to progress exists for tha right per- 
son. Involvement will be 'in house' - dealing with afl 
personnel details, recruitment etc., as well as at Managing 
Director level, organising meetings & parties, liaising with 
clients etc. Skills 90/55. age 24+. 

For further details contact 
Tracy Forbes. 

Graduate secretary required tor this 
organisation promoting design in Brit- 
ish Industry- You wn need a high 
standard of literacy, excellent minute 

standard of literacy, excellent minute 
taking ablRty/experience and a well 
organised approach. SkiBs: 50/80 WP. 
Responsible position, friendly com- 
pany. pleasant offices. 

Ol 631 1541'Rec-Cons* 

Price Oorn esm 

&ftortwer>Ud ■■■■■ 



Elizabeth Hunt 

H M: ; I W 

c£1 2,500 

^ CAREY . we «d tod a 

street 4 If OIVLy 


— ■ ■ -Jg i i - 1 secretary from 

Join this leading firm of property developers as secretary to 
their Chief Executive. You will enjoy extensive contact with 
WP clients and will be encouraged to act a» an assistant 
taking on various protects in a fuff PA role. Benefits include a 
free lurch, bonus and 5 weeks holidays. 100/60 skills 

i % r* J 

.Senior Secretaries 9 


Join tMs well known organisation famous for the promotio n 

rw efub snn n m nui wwv a* -• ■- - jz 

100/50 skills and WP experience needed. 

Elizabeth Hunt Recruitment Consultants 
18 Cksv0nor9pset London W1 0>-2Q03531 J 

Secretary to MD 

£ 10,000 

A job to re engage the mind, working 
closely with the new MD of this national 
news network. More administrative than 
secretarial, your role will include personnel 
admin ( interviewing; liaison with agencies 
etc ) as one o f a wide range of organisational 
tasks. Co-ordinating skills and the ability to 
deal at all levels is crucial. So too loyalty and 
a measure of Benbility Skills 100 60. Age 
2-t+. Please telephone 01 -i95 5“8~. 


Rruutmau CoMotann 

chrome mo 

c£1 0,500 


You wdl need to hM a gnat deal of Matm. social nose and usance 
when organsng everytmg tor the manger of overseas investment 
raining fes domesbc/socdl arangamants. travel and nwUnggL. Good 
prospects as he is rapidly cfcmbng the ladder. State 100/60. Age me) 



Hus mator xtenano na l oraattsatan need a noun PA to assist Mr 
group personnel tSrcctvr. The super bass wW neat you ft tees at 
saws manau e m a nt level so tad aid aptomacy assart* State 
100/50 aid WP expenra needed. ■ 

please telephone: 01 -499 8070 
46 Old Bond Street London W.1 . 

Your primary areas af 
responsibility will cover 
suswusuMd the general office, 
personnel mattes and Boatf- 
ratated adMustratme duties to 
■ctodo BHxOnamg aspecto ot 
the Company's business 
devetopment progranme. 

In adtitm to tngh level state to 
shorthand. typing and tne use of 

humour is essential. Salary 
negotiable but not less than 
E9JJQQ per annum. 


Tasteful Temping... 

No hassles. No let-downs. Just plain, simple, 
high grade temping. 

A tasteful package of top jobs, elite rates and 
thoroughly professional service. 

If you have sound skills and experience, you 
should be talking to "The \Xfark Shop’. 

Telephone Sue Cooke on 01-409 1232. 

■■MNI^HB Rccrultnwnl Crniwhenu 

CITY £ 11,000 neg 

The Managing Director of a small financial services company 
reaves an rraeHtgem. well-read, charming Personal Assstent 

who wiM be able to nm his hectic and pressurised life. 
Flexibility aid mod skills (100/60) are essential, if you are 
between 24 - 35 




AnifecaMms m wntmg mckxkng a 
tun c.v. » Mr. M. 4 Ew. 
Bonhams Aucuonaars. 
Montpdta Gatenas. Mortpefler 
Sired. London. SW7 1HH, 

(No Aganclaa) 



Personnel Admin 


Major music publisher seeks PA Sec to Personnel 
Manager. Excellent position, handling staff records: 
pay reviews: BL’PA admin etc. Superb working 
environment. Young, friendly company. Excellent 
benefits include discount on records and tapes, 
tickets etc. You should have lots of common sense 
and a cheerful, outgoing personality. Accurate skills 
(80 50 land min 1 vis" experience requested. Please 
call 01-409 1232. ' 

■■■■■ RitTuirmmt Cno-uluni*. 


We need you now. Our top clients 
are desperate for more of our top 
secretaries with or without WP. 
Short and long bookings. Top 
rates to match your skills and a 
welcome straight from the heart 

01*589 ffig7- — 


HEQUHTMBfr QH6UI3HKTS 73 BrmrqXmi Anafc Knqhuiindgi 5Y/3 

Turn a temporary 
job into a 

permanent career 

Available immediately or currently working notice 
Proven secretarial ana wv skills 




3rd Floor. Carrington House. 

130 Regenl Street. London WlR 5FE- 
(Entrance in Regent Pi. above Iberia Airways.] 

• Commercial experience 

• Initiative and flair 

I ftfiis sounds like you then we can offer a superb 
opportunity to combine a marketing environment 
with excellent banking benefits. 

Contact Liz Barratt 
on 01 439 0601. 

What’s the difference between 
Basic WIP work and Advanced? 


Our efient 8 successful PR Agency to the Wntfitfan 

About £30 

Manpower takes care to assign Tts 
temporaries tor their skills, personaJtty. 
and type of wok. So we pay 
accordingly, tf you can handle 
advanced word processing, well gfve 
you asrionmenla that will pay you 
around £30 a week more than 
someone at "basic' leveL 

But even If youle at the kterer level 
rtTssflfi pretty good and we provide free 
"Sktilwane"btilnlng to move you up. If 
you're at ttie top of the temporary tree, 
that's how weH pay you if not yet. well 
help you dimb. 

Another benefits. Cafl ue now. 

©MANPOWER Tel: 225 0505 

Temporary Staff Specialists 24 hour answering service 


i position would suit a College Leaver. Accurate shorthand and typing a i 
Age 19-22. Salary according to experience. 

Telephone 727 6464 for appointment 

C£11 f 0fl0 

Tlw heady work! ol Mgh B- 
nanca oftars top cSont 
contact and tempting chal. 
lengas te a PA experienced 
-at anclor lavaL Your fun day 
assisting a dynsrac gentle- 
man mariras a strong 
organiser lor the co-ardma- 
ten of his hoette s chedule 
involving frsQuont tups to 
America. Sound sec stefe 
(90/601 and professional ap- 
proach essential. 

CALL 01-283 1555 


Absorbing position along. 
»de two manners currently 

commissioned on a major 
marketing project Witten 

mark e tin g project WHmn 
DUs international tefe-com- 
rmxVcations company total 
involvement is guaranteed 
tor the strong pa s a alta 
wkh bags of initiative. Excel- 
lent prospects and ideal 
training ground tor your fu- 
ture dealing vwttr top dents 

and s natching your persua- 
sive talents. Mini [man strife 

CALL 01-283 1555 


If you en)oy a clra ie ng e and 
(tie hectic pace of u» per- 
sonnei enwronniant then you 
writ want to secure this posi- 
tion. Leading legal Srm 
offers various areas ol 
ra sp on s M H ty to the secre- 
tary with total discretion and 
sound admart sua ikw abBty. 
Rereomel experience pre- 
ferred with a pro fe ssio na l 
approachable manner. Mbi 
state 90/60. 

CALL 01-283 1555 



A publicity and PR 
company in the lively 
Cavern Garden area is 
not the place for a 
quiet life! Your day 
will be an exciting 
bustle of activity. 
Greeting visitors, han- 
dling a Monarch, 
typing. Cheetah id ex, 
IBM PC and generally 
organising yourself 
and others. Start at 
2RJOO0 with a review 
after 3 months. Age 

of Bond St. 

RCcm.rmtnl Cantu Itinn 
I to 5S i»m (tone 



You should be edu- 
cated to A ‘ level 
standard and be able to 
handle confidential 
work whilst working 
for this Overseas Di- 
rector. You should 
also enjoy using your 
shorthand and WP 
skills (Wang cross 
train) and possess a 
flair for organisation. 
5 weeks holiday. Tax 
free bonus. Salary 
£9500. Age 21+. 

of Bond St. 

Rccnjmnam Consultants 
Ha U 



When a company of 
Design Con sultant* 
welcomes ira. vUimra, 
fini impressions are 
vital. So if you have 
dre bearing, educa- 
tion, voice and style 
flsat goes, with an 
upmarket company 
specialising in superb 
design, dux' could be 
for you. They will 
min you on their 
Viceroy switchboard 
and cross train mi 
. ward pr o ce ssor. Accu- 
rate typing needed. 

of Bond St. 

B«eni*tme»rt COMulants 
i H* H. nete'li FmtnUil 



TO £11,000 

<>rpnni»Htlnn and admin 
arn Ux- kty mjulrr- 
ments for this varied 
and interesting pudtion 
as PA to the Admin and 
Finance Dirwtnr. You 
will lx- dealing with 
liersunnel records, ar- 
raoRinjr secretarial 
mviT. kmkirtg afhr the 
ufTire sai|s)*Ik*s ami 
maintenance - sn there's 
nilainly diversity. Good 
Winp + rusty short- 
hund. age 25-35. 


• £9,700 

Full inmlvumcnt for a 
personnel / unresskmal 
who knows the ins and ' 
•Hits rtf a busy peraonncl 
.dqiartraent pnmdir^c a 
full serrotaria! aervire 
(no shorthand) with the 
help of a Watiff WP. 
You'll eqjuy a 50% 
admin root cot and 
oTRanisinp the full inter- 
viewing 1 thiKtable. A 
tyjiing ' sjxwl of 
60w}nn+ essential. 

r ; :' !| :f illl 


Wiizzy international Tax Advi- 
sor with ffivwsa busunss 
interests needs exceptional 
PA/Sec . Ad as ins njp t-land. 
orgarase conferences and run 
the office. Share to the excite- 
ment thetr new venture into 
theatre management Skills 
100/60 + WPaxp. Age mid- 
ZO's. CaB Fiona Sawson. 


01-283 0111 



Fast expanding profes- 
sional company it Wi 
seek two receptionists 
for their plush new 
offices. Switchboard ex- 
perience and typing. 
Clotfmg allowance. Age 
25-35 years. 

Meredith Scott 

&£«•*» EOT M4 
Ttt 01-543 10M/QQSS 

£10,000 + Bm 

inu cppoitu ray to a rian 
wahta IBs rapkfly a pMln Dm 
of Comniaditv Bnkatc tora young 
.& capable Sal fffl > pkaL An 
oaten omu mow for someoae 
nlti acritaM argnteMUl skfb 
A ths abBiy to Ian at te tawia. 
Swam bn ottared in ra&sn tv 


Secretary for firm of surveyors, friendly busy office, 
good working conditions, ffexi time, accurate typing 

good working conditions, flexi time, act 
necessary, WP an advantags. 

Salary up to £9^00. 

For a chat and Interview arrangement 
Please phone Sally on.OI-asf ,4333 

"... ^ ‘ • 
is ■: 


Preferably you wM be currently mana^ng a teem of 
Operators - meeting daadfrws aalslng with tsars and 
night Operators, identifying priorities, respoasibia for 

communicative skiUs - dealing with people :s Impor- 
tant. You' are utomatety reporting to ttie WP Uanager. 
Excellent Company to work tor along with, fantastic 

Please rng Kom Rackt am 439 4BOL 



TtaaptMfN 01-430 4001 

City Investment ; 

£ 11 , 000 + 

This is a tip-cop portion in a &st-rocrvttg 
environment As EA to MD of this highly 
regarded ‘market-maker' you will operne 
across many levels, playing a social ccje; 
entertaining VIP clients; handling tot^i 
deals and situations; liaising, organising snd 
co-ordinadng. The trompanv is expanding. 
So too your pan in it Excellent sjdls, 
presentation and work record required Age 
23-35. Please telephone 01493 5787. ■ r . . 


Bce rehm e atCnnwAin B 


611,000 •: 

A major firm of City solicitors seeks asscre* 
tary with previous legal experience to.’ Work 

company law. Ha d like to get you vfcy in- 
volved and wM encourage you to riwntain 
good efient relationships on his bgheff. 60 
wpm audio abHity and WP experience rWeded 

EfizobeHi H uni Racnifbvton^ConsuRQ^s, 

\S CoUege H« London K4 OKM0 3551 V 


DO like of worid^ln^tMfi.*-tlal pn^eity? 

DO you want mow Own just a fSiobf’ • • i . 

DO you t^ly want tribe itivolvecf in the bosbieas?. 
IXJyouwatitojroricinayo u n a profc isi on^cm^oopwc 

What do you do next? ■ - ~~- 

^;- • . s •.. ' 

40 Coonanght Street. Loudon W22AB. .. 


~-vt t; s I I) F N T I A i, 

n 7 



WCUINiaL/A 1 rtuuujl X/ I you 


‘° a P' Be °fo MgnialCTjMii; ania. to 

WPrJrr. WP*" 1 ■"■wage. tete expcnenc* a 
nw^>ote» wffl rndude arnimne raeettoa. bavd fcm. 
encft^aad g mw l adrom for 2 tlSTUfa Aetftn-. n« w m 
Saluy £&000 - SSflOO p-a. + eufy review.' ‘ 
pieasr send C V. to 

(UKT Ltd 

$a<cr Oiy Bent, 62 Snmpaa Beal Leoda, SW3 1BW 
' i . . Tcfc 01-225 1424 

mm Wm 

*m£uuC k> 

▼or versafflty. attSty to 
th Wt on you' feet ays 
tor drtal and sansa of 
hwnour an just whafs 
(leaded toanjoy and de- 
vefop this- interesting 
position- - Working tor 
two dynariK Sales Man- 
agers- who travel 
•xtsnstvefy promoting 
an axduswe and dfffar- 


Tltt prestigious company based in lovely offices 
near Viaoria needs a bright and hardworking 
young secretary to join their exhibitions 
department. The succegfuJ candidate will help 
to organise and attend the exhibitions find tiding 
One abroad) so must be extremely well 
pfesetned. ta addition There is also a ter of 
routine backup work for which excellent typing 
and nisty shorthand will be required. Aged cJ2 
WP training given. 


. The same company needs a college leaver to 
. wwk as number 2 secretary to the Managing 
Director. This would be an excellent 
opportunity to train and leant at the top. Speeds 

cobbouj AND DAYS 

35 Wn Place VI. 01-483 7789 



All dmsfied advertisements 
can be acc ep te d by telephone 
{except Announcement). The 
deas&nc is S.0 O{ht) 2 days poor 
1 to publication (ie S-OQpm Mon- 
day for Wednesday}. Should 
you wish 10 send an advertise- 
meat m writing please brink 
y ow day time phone number. 
PMITMEMI. If you have any 
varies or problems relating to 
your tdvmbemea once it has 
appeared, please contact nr 
Customer Services Deptrtmeftt 
by telephone on 01-481 4100. 

“LS'SH"? I W^Profr.n/vEl+.vwco/r 


pendalfr and Sheraton Mvkr 
dam furniture rum lo order. 
Over 60 dining own alwu, 
ataMaBte lor UaMuir deUv. 

rry. Kruieoed. near Henley <*, 
TMMCS 404«lj 641115. 

Topstum. Devon icanem 
7443. Berkeley. CUts 40453) 

WOW . 

FMCST auanty wool carvels, ai 
trade prices and wider, also 
avauafate lOCTs rcn Large 

room do remnants under tun 
normal price Chancery Carpel* 
Of 406 04 Si. 

blet. chairs. ttdeOoardv and 
(inks. CaLDogues Irani wunam 
TiBman. Crouch Lane. Borcoob 
Crem. Kent 073? 693278. 
T* TIMES I7M-1N&, Other 
iHl a nan Hand bound ready 
far presentation 

EiSS orm. evcl ♦ dep. Ol 720 
4752 alter Gem. 

5W14 M/f n/s. ai O 'R m flat 
Mflee* W .'mack nseem exet. 
640 531? day 878 5005 mn. 
•W* ' Young prof I to snara rial. 
O/R- «q amenities. £183 nan 
CXC1. 83 1-7765 O 571 72» h 
TOOTBfG REC Prof m/f to shr lae 
Hal- nA £150 pan t ' - MBs. 
T a Ald an 231 1660 idaii. 

MT ANTED Pnjf F MIA refs re- 
a lares Anon, m return lor 
Hsftnng. wtang.-oi 243 16M 

far presentation wo. 

"Sundays". £12-50 Remember 
I When. 01-688 6323. 



Thete is a profit 
sHnb and ' bonus 
scheme in addition 
to a ■ salary of up to 
f &&00- • together 
vritfr- fufther excel- 
lent benefits. . 

-491 186 


Sepretaiy required 
■'Jgr busysaJes of- 
fice in Putney to get 
::fiyotv8d ; in aH as- - 
--Epects of Estate 
^Agency. Allround 
fsecretarfaJ skjfts. 
Salary c£8£00 aae 
vtttoctL Watts, 

•; . Ffalli* Ltd . 



EjlccuUvc PA/Secremy 
Sr vice ptetidem of 
international poop. 
Poib. matqrily. mod . 
atbnb andTkiDtaoa 

e^Rxiiiid qualities, for - 
• Hu* very exerting 
»' pwtion.- 

” '01-7395148 


Sgautoto. Rdcepfloaate. 
Wart Pree. Secretaries. 
Utort Prat Ops. Tjrplsb 

A huge selection of 
assignments m TV. 


Music. Theatre and 

. . Video. 

Cal Kim or Kate on 01- 
629-3132 and become a 
Paatfincters Temp - 

^ w ry'".. T. ^ 

K»c/uilr-»r.l Sp,.t,i l .:lli tc :S, 
toiMllr-Ti i,r>za '.*>tS 



A smsf oi trading company 
b Maybir needs an sffioom, 
umtepabte & ftexida secre- 
taiy 21 + wkh test ( 60 +) 
accurate twfeM to hende al 
Ms telex & w* oonespon- 
danoa 0 hbp wMi office 
admn. Som-6pm. Review in 
3. montirs. 

Please send (ufl C.V. toe 
Sue NOcMU 
11 Ctierfes St 

- W1X7HB. 


01 ns 1991 • 

CommernaJ Union 
Capital Ltd 
■ Seeks 

PA/SEC 25+ 


CJy based benetts, salary ne- 
SoUatfe. Numerate, WP + PC 
eWRy, FrtnctVGennen and fl- 
nancial services backgnxmd 
would be an added bonus, 
send CV fex 




imcvnl fun d lor DM Agrd to 
prauldr 'TENS' wart im e, for 
IM NUN el van in randttton* 
Ukr artuntd. £60 boy, a ma- 
cMne.'Donaom ptaav lo The 
VBCOUM Tenypandy. Oiair- 
mao. N8FA. 3A.NFW Broad Su 
London EC2M INK. 

Summit Exp. Own. La MS. 
AU itMWtrr and eani. 

Tel: 821-6616/8280495. 

A- Ex / Vho / DWrv 

UTTMPni Any event Inc La 
Mb, Cment can. StarUgM cw. 
La«i Mom of Dir Prana, ox-828 
1678. Mator credit cants. 

caSs . me. 

I *5* *“ d 439 17&3 

toow 5«® * rracoons lo I Afi moor erw tti rtt. 

pete m eur new TV gun | putNO. Medium weed UNMAId 
CUm eond. Tuned £494 Can 
anange delivery 01-4350148. 

mrneii fnnw 2nd omi f 30+ 
fci;* Sh home £4fl nw inrl. 
Tel. Ol 642 B2S6 All 650 pm 
sm me 10 mara 2 ned HH . Own 
rm won TV C65 pw mo. fan 
day 01-626 8788 x 3210. 


HOT TURKEY. Spe n d a week re- 
taxlng X our prt\-aie tmrti 
hotel. Own a week rrutome on 
oar yacnt far £420 Luc m. 
H/B. tree w/menc. other com- 
bmaaiani past. 01 326 1005. 

cosmirmcs on dwih/mi 

10 Europe. L&A A mM Snau- 
lions DWomai Travel- 01-730 


Castle cate 
Antique Centre 

NOTTS. TEL 0636 700076 

SKuate? on the A46 
Twelve dealers offering a good range of 
quality antiques and collectors items 

A Dateline Antique Centre 
Open Monday-Saturday 9.00am-5.00pm 

Also Quality Trade Warehouse 


01-699 7198 

Pra 1320 qusltty (umdurn 
wtnmd and ol antique 



£9A» with esriy rtrisv 
Firttstc opportunity m ttts 
leading lita axnpmy, As PA to 
the Sues and Martotna Drac- 
cor'you mu orgaxw »id Hand 
PR mats, wxtang dutay 
Mdti . tbe- Martefing Deparr 
mem. ml lobag cans 
ss weU as ueino 2 true PA 
arganBng wax Boss's dory, 
nvri sfc. If you ban an inter- 
est in Rns ard n the 
opportny to attend larches, 
em frticns and roadshows, 
and pnmn good shorthand 
and Mm ofr 


Yes? in ttat case cane and 
work for Covent Gatien Ad- 
VBrtising Agamy either 
within Account Handing. 
Creative, or rnedl. tf you 
have secretarial experience 
or even if you are a college 
leaver and have good secre- 
tarial skis (80/50) why not 
come and see us now? h 
might change your Kb. 

LeadOR Torn 
Staff Bureafi 

01 836 1994. 



Requied for anal busy Sales 
Department Hokum- based, 
travel pro motional company. 
Aplllcants must be good 
organisers, able 16 work under 
pressure, use iratiative as nec- 
essaiy and hare a pleasant 
Heptane manner. Good typ- 
ing essential. Previous 
expenence of sales enreon- 
ment preferable. Salary 
CE7.00Q. Contact Kara 01- 
242 3131 


WWirULD. Robert GMdrey 
StixMrtl. ai BnaMon and Lon- 
don. Conratulaoons on 21 
iov«y run ana MSB boon for 
ule bemg futrmrd in nvry «w 
Dud roaUiTS. Wun I orr from 


51006 WUD ter Qua Duplay 
. CabBww. Abo punrturC china, 
slam, pamtrngv. dock; etc. We 
abo offer the servin' of local 
Prawrty clcaranra- PbwrMa 
Id 961. Harrow Road. London 
W9. AU FftWami covered. 



aniCA tRCUlim. Key 

Travel. SO. Red Don ST. WG1. 
Ol 405 1495. ABTA/1ATA. 

enurerr flmhts w/vmc - 

Benz Travrt. Tel Ol 386 6414. 

CHEAT ructns Worldwide. 
Haymarket 01-930 1366. 

DCBCOUMT nuu WOrlDwiae-. 
01 -434 0734 JimUtr Tmel. 

i -£12*500 pa 

Ftegalred kY sonioi part- 
nar q»W prwtkaj. 
OkWaydncing sxpgrianoa 
essartteL Age34+. 

.TW* Carol . 

to M/D of PR 

ay boss at Business 
. s busy jsod sucassiul 

Ngmacfi consultancy num- 
bering 14 people, needs 
professional secretarial 
iMtaTWnbg. - ■ 

Bpef C.V. please to Rebecca 
, BbM-Bmon. Office 
; Manageress, Bugfnftse 
• Imape Ltd. 138 -140 
Wantour St. London W1. 

■ - Or call on 
W-7S4 2907 ■ 



■ Original * 

• Beautifully Preserved* 
FROM £15>00 EACH. 
0492 - 31303 


MKHAIL SUTTYI tMMi ana Hmuge nosed <iii 
nan Mrcn - Ltomwon Hi-tirv 
V. Buck PlUKT. SIOUX. YuhOO . 

Branco Bine Mete Hwmn. M/tt BOULTON T..Uv -III-. 


Liqaiilatioa Stock 

Superb lundcnKpd French 
penod rrproduebon 
FiffTstura / Bronzes / 
Chcndetara / Ugrea. 





Long rsusnhefl Imuy farA-n 
w,s tu txrotrfl faws 
iracOov i-no jr&cor crozsc 

cm. r - io up id on vxvc are 

ffltatrting ajBoaam 
Witte pr cat? in aefldmc? K- 
AW*a,T. WIKSrtOB lift. 
43 BurLartxi hnda. 

TC. 31 - 4 S 3 KU 7 

nceteratsiy weekends or »\e 
nuim on. 01-429 lino 

IVlunni-. .oirvVv eit . wa.u 
rd. 02 t!f» nor 4 

"CONVEYAHCWK By DiBy onatt- 
ned SoUdtora. £160 + VAT and 
Handanl JManm Hb rloe 
0244 519398 

US lawyer 17 Bubtrode St. 
Loodoo WI 01 486 0B13. 

LOW COST FUQHra Mml run. MAGIC carr y . 

pean dcsrowrUora Valcwunlrt- - 

Z^ATOL^W 1 ABT “ ■'iLillrtAvV 

mbjhc* ai 7-11 " Arul 

manic prim. FUohla 6 OKCCC. tiniwn t-ljn,N clu-.a 
hobdm Freedom Hobday*. namlv. vilu t.-iualv i-ic 
01 741 4686 ATOL 452 ■ Hof. Ol 454 lod7 4bil -1 

■MAUN. JAMAICA. N.YORX. -RNOOU lin aDart Hoc |r.m> 
Worldwide Chrdpnl larm EIBQ pp vna 3 7 IO "M-ir 
RKtuaond Travel 1 DuHt- St Mruma oTot-w^aia-- 
JUrtunond ABTA Oi -440 4073 
TUNISIA Perfect bradm lor 1 

your summer hotkuv Call lor 
our brochure now Tunisian 
Travrt Bureau. 01-373 4411. 

ALICANTE. Faro. Malaga rlr 
Dfmond Travrt atol itbl 
O l 581 4641. Horsham 68541 
AUCAMZK. Faro. Maiam rtt 
□unond Travel ATOL 1783. 

Ot 581 4641. Horsham 68541 
ALL us emes Lowest (ares on 
mawr scheduled carriers. Ol- 
684 737I-ABTA 
Deals Under The Sun. Ol 637 


Bert holidays anywhere. Sky 
Travel. 01 834 7426. ABTA . 

HONC KOMU C48S Bangkok 
£9M. Stng£4S7. Other Ft at 
m 01-584 6514 
Fhahts FaldOT 01-471 0047 
ATOL 1640- Arms/VU. 

SYS /MEL £c>i8 Penh £548. AU 

mawr camars to Aas A N2. Ol • 

584 7371 ABTA 
S. AFMCA From £465. 01-684 
7371 ABTA. 


ISLINGTON - couple. Don Book- 
ers. for dble rm m tug eh Hal. 
Close lube. Iranis A swimming. 
£165 pern each. Trt : Ol 354 
2066 after 7pm. 

BELGRAVIA luxury apartment. 
. htwi security block, suit profes- 
stoasl lady, non-smoker. £110 
pw Trt: 01-2354608- - - 
FLATMATES Selective Shorn*. 

• - Wett-esta b lu tr ud uamy service. 
Ptoe lei for appfc 01889 5491. 
313 Brampton Road. SW3 
SUL KEN. Simer lux Rom 5 OcL 
Large dor drie . afi machines, 
gdoo. 2 grads £225 each sun 
aUlocf.orl £325.01 5894730 
SW11. M/F. Attractive hse <rtk 
gdn. AU mod coos. Own bra 
dMe rm -«- we a( hse in France. 
£300 pan Inc 228 9512 dim 
SIRS Prof f. n/s. o/r. cotstge. 
- c/h. gdn. 5 mm lube. £140 
pem exet. Td 01-874 6696 
t evesi 

■ATIXKSCA. Prat N/S as 2nd In 
3 bed hse wlDi gdn O/RidMel 
CH. £ 170 pem excl. 360 1647 
NHOtaUNY o/r share comf rial nr 
lube. CH £130 pan. Tel Ol 
354 6460 after k3Qsn. 

LUX FLAT I mbs Swha Collage 
own room / bath £50 pw tel OI 
722 4359 

MU 3rd Prof pom m/f, to shr 
coenf taw. O/r. ri25prm esc 
Trt i 249 8127 (Evesl 

Fly Savely 
August /September 

01-995 3883/4/5 
Simply Plv 

ATOL 192 


"rtsor.Nii r;c,NS.„Ti-.:5 

hrvneiSate vacancy for ener- 
Qeffc saerstary with tearing 
Kota Company. Central Lon- 
don focaaa Exofient salary 
& con di tions- Ptease write witti . 
Mi CV to BOX H51 

Your SH A Audio skiBs and 
outgoing personality axe 
Deeded by tins young 
dynamic Direood 
OB 01-82*2727 
Uptown Pen oan d 

A villa a pool oiwt a 

in> WIUI o«w<- roulri visi 
wrap Cfli«w from TMri*'i: . 
Sarduiui a R.ivi-nu thr lirn-li 
er dam at -wip-io ih” nw. . 
market om-rnlorv dbo'i go- Or 
lonilwH- .i « tILa licfida; v.llli 
stay Ui VrtihV Fl.’rentr «v- 
R>-np- Frw hifKhule trial 
Mow ol Ila-'l Prpl T. 47 Sfci'P 
hrtds Birih Grt-rn. W12 PI'S 
Trt Ol 740 7449 i?4 hr. 



I AJLOARVE. Lies villas will, oortv 
. A aptk Avan Svpl/OCL Ol 4tw 
2838. VUIaWorU. 


Lway vritas afi wth* peris/s u 
who- mMdty Uvoogb Sapssn- 
berVUfylfifiht or wlla cnlv to y*c 

Cal us on 81 G24 8829 
corns* VILLAS 
22 BtBBflaa TERRACE 
Atol 2017 Abe 

30 A0G 6,1320 SST-OCT 
frw sUjs. tans, swerti food, free 
me CUKjnbfc 2* nr 4* ta- 
wy by sandy Meta 
Aetna 6 rttang Kokdsys for sto- 
gies. c oup le s & fames. 

01-441 0122 

24 US 

H 5520 Ops 2260 pw. In- 
ttmatkxud co. Assist with 
research, arrange meetings 
Mid functions. 

P raeidant See/PA E7 ph. bv 
tematmal c o rporaboa Start 

Jacgnrd Ops £260 pw. tVefl 
known Arts co. 

Sec tor computer magazine 

£8 ph. 



Syehey E455 S7SS 

Auckland E415 £745 

Jo-Burg E306 £499 

Bangkok E209 £355 

Caro £135 221 □ 

New York £138 £285 

LOS Angeles £216 £345 

01-370 5237 




47 Rosorts in Swicertimi. 

Austna. France S Rs V. 

The Biggest Cmux On Sms', 
Ex GatMck, Luton. Uancheaer. 

01785 2200 

MMKh.Depa.D422 78121 
. ABTA 16723 ATOL 1232 

SAI WEST bumper brochure out 
poG Mini with oil WV top :e- 
■ortv. Sunday lUahH ibral lv 
iraUirti and uruandv low 
pnees rtarunpai £59. RlngiOH 
785 9W lor i our ropy. 
A8TAo925a ATOL! 383. 


(WtaedfoBpwt 26 ' 

Why take Just any 
temporary sacrotaria) 
job when you eotifci 



We have lots of 
vacancies and offer 
’ excetent rates - and 
wftaTs more we pay you 
to the sama stow 

Why not ea0 ua 
today on 01*489 6SG8 
or 01 <483 8383 

sumon Antique GaUery. 
Experience necesory. Please 
phone 01-455 5981. 


Nairobi, Jo*Bur& Cano, Dubai, 
JsOTbuL Singapore, KX Ddhi, 
Bangkok. Hcraa Kong. Sydney. 
Europe. & Toe Americas. 

Flamingo Travel, 

76 Shaftesbury Avenue 
London WJV7DG. 

01-439 0162/61-439 7751 1 

Open Sunday 1UD-EU0 


v i, i i, 


FKEKCN £9,000. EXMleri 08- 
pocnmlQi for a young secretary 
-who wonts to mefreicii as the 
head office of Dus bank in (tats. 
They need someone to loin the 
team in the investment depart- 
ioen| and get tuny unwed u. 
aU uwtr protects. Lots of Batson 
with Parts as wen as srtOi UK 
chub, wnh meeOn p v and trav- 
el lo arrange. SWDs 9o/60 and 
WP e xperience essential. Please 
telephone Ol 499 8070. Caro- 

bne King Appointments. 

KOTC. /PERSONNEL . £8.000. 
The charnring Personnel Direc- 
tor of one luxury wea End 
Holet is looking for a aeodtanr. 
Only 20% secretarial tyffl leave 
you plenty of scope for Involve- 
ment in attain, peraonort 
rataUofK. and aabon. CxMBem 
oFPenunuy Tor a 2nd wooer 
wun a good sense of humom- 
and who love* Deooie eontart! 
A9C 20-25, 60 wpm typing ■» 
audio. Telephone Angola Morti- 
mer Ltd 629 9686 Otec Canal 
END WHEW 21-22*01 for (Ms 
happy mo wfth rnniu of vari- 
ety and remounts K ara, wn 
need reasonable shun us/ 
tytxpg, kn pw. Ms of personal- 
ity and wU Confidence two 
young clever executives of Uda 
WI Investmenr Go want total 
cooperation organfelag metr 
work load, meta^gs, lunches, 
cueni contact etc. c£l850O 
(early review) ■+■ Lv* Joyce 
Gwness 01-589 8807/0010 

•rrc com). 


C£&000 + CKMHII Braking 
benefits. Th* po mim i wotdo 
full a vrtflfhg second Jobber who 
eidoys muiB the wp. hd now 
want, more variety Of work. A 
good i rt fotio iie manner and a 
melhodtcai. approach are me 
mein rradrements. CaU 
Tavnlork Apoolnimenis 01- 

836 6886. 


ALL THAT JAZZ! 57.008 • quick 
repartee. informMUy and lots of 
soesabiuiy mark oor tins proper- 
ly tovrstman company. They 
presently seek a HexMe. friend- 
ly type to help iTwpi handle the 
peaks and troughs of a very 
varied wufklogd. Ideal opening 
for ad ongoing cpOege waver 
wuh accurate sH»* (BCV60L 
Age 19+ Please leleghene 01- 
493 H7H7 Cordon Yates 

HOUNSLOW - £9JS0 Ol This dy- 
nomic American Co ta looking 
for a PA to W Sues Supper! 
Dweetor. You wui need an ef fl- 
oral and org a nised manner, be 
able to run ihc office. Ualse at 
senior level and enjoy a busy 
etivvotminri offering unaJ m- 
vofvertraL An mteresl m new 
technology and lunuiw erc 
esenUallt Age 35-35 speeds 
80/60 Trtephm Angela Mor- 
timer Ud 639 9686 fRer Coral. 

PROMOTIONS IP Ca500 * arc 
braefns Join Bus company 
winch rum dricoihedues. holi- 
day centres and oilier Insm 
KUviPK and carry out your 
own p rm ectv. Bared wktun toe 
Market ing DepL you wa carry 
out atnuttmrt w role but win 
make a broader contribution 
through your admin ability. 
Skills 80/66 wpm + audio abUF 
ly Synergy. Uie recruitment 
roosidlaocv . 01457 9555. 


Crae. Corfu. Modes. Ita.-Smder 

Greek Isfaias. Tin Uam Menem 


U35L7J5 SJ 

li 13.14,9 
15.15 17.W30JI/9 
r 3242627 26. 

On Pta par tafr 
Mp. an Ed sxbi i 

£199 XZ23 

TM8 £2|9 

Educated and well 
presentpd person, 25- 

'35 required as Rec- 
eptionist to operate 
Merfln switchboard in 
luxurious offices. 
Some typing useful 
but not essential. 
Hours 1 -7.30pm Mon- 
dsy-Friday. £6,500. 

79J09 n» Eire 

Oti ftas pra. m . EI66 tire 
wa. as\ ed stb* taoM ix*4ra 1 
n^Mren Craxk Uaon rod 
U Wta ataPtataMart use 
oa,ta»’i»r»we tactaRspani 
MM IdtaWLftta Carfl Bootnp 

Tft Loaded 01-251 5466 
TctSMSMd «42 3311BB 
It ta nrk e i l p r fi»T 04 5838 
ATOL 2S34 

TAXX THE OFF 16 Parts, Am- 
sterdam. Pi in sel i . Bruges. 
Geneva. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. Bou- 
logne 6 Dtnor. Tim* Oft. ?» 

Cheeier CiDre. London. SWtX 
7BQ. 01-235 8070. 



wa are alwgys able to offer 
quaflty vfltas at short node*. 
AvpSabiSty during Sopterv 
tier/ October oo lSirtu. 
Crate, Paxos (Tuasday 
Hgfrt). Ponuguaae Algarva 
kaory vitas (Thursday 
OghlJ. Italy, trie magical pa- 
lazzo tHktnnu tat OcL 1 

week ante- U you want tha 
best posable ho6day at wiy 
compottovB prices, ask for 
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Ce ntre ned or page 32 



Cecil team ready for a repeat double y 



By Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 
Twelve months ago, Henry 
Cecil andSteve Cautben made 
one of their numerous 
successful raids on Yarmouth 
where they won the Fee Farm 
Maiden Stakes and the EBF 
Ferebrown Maiden Stakes 
with Bonhomie and Native 
Oak, respectively. 

Today they are all set to 
return to the Norfolk seaside 
course, hopeful they can col- 
lect the same two races, this 
time with Russian Steppe 
(11 5) and At Risk (4.15). 

Although neither have ran 
before,'botfa are reported to be 
primed for the occasion and 
no one is better versed in the 
art of scoring with a two-year- 
old first time out than the 
immensely successive master 

of Warren Place. 

George Robinson, our 
experienced Newmarket 
correspondent who daily 
watches the gallops on the 
Heath, reported that the Nijin- 
sky coll Russian Steppe, who 
cost his owner. Sheikh 
Mohammed, $273,000 as a 
yearling, is folly capable of 
winning first time on a 

But he warns that At Ride, a 
grey daughter of Mr Prospec- 
tor, who is also the sire of 
Jeremy Tree’s crack two-year- 
old colt Bellotto, will need to 
be as sharp as she looks if she 
is to beat Lucayan Knight, 
who is a son of another 
successful stallion Dominion. 

Today’s nap, though, is 
Jolrist to record his third 
success in a row in the 
sponsored Castlemaine 
XXXX Handicap. 

Last time out Richard 
Shaw’s three-year-old, who 
won on soft ground as a two- 
year-old when trained by 
Colin Williams, confirmed 
that he was most certainly on 
the upgrade by winning the 
Nottingham Stewards’ Gup in 
the experienced hands of Rob- 
ert Street 

The first hint that Jolrist was 
on the way up the ladder came 
when be ran Young Jason to a 
length at Chepstow towards 
the end of June. And with 
Young Jason so nearly win- 
ning the Stewards* Cup at 
Goodwood four weeks later 
that was a pretty decent 
performance in hindsight 

The improvement that 
Jolrist showed at Chepstow 
was consolidated when he 
landed his next race at Wind- 
sor pretty comfortably. Now 
he meets all his rivals on 31b 
better terms than he will in 
future handicaps, even though 
his weight this afternoon in- 
dudes the 61b penalty as a 

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Sharpetto (left), seen here edging out Esfahan at York, contests the Gasdemame Handicap at.Yarmoiitfa today 

ry.of ^ Notfn8hflm oddso^M-L JT rcwanling British trio face tough 

No one will be keener to win _ __ ° 

SSS’S SflSWft « Deauville challenge 

result of that Nottingham 

No wonder his trainer, who 
only began this season after 
learning his trade with Mi- 
chael Stoute, is striking again 
while the iron is still hoL 

Beaten a neck by Sailor's 
Seng at Ungfield last week, 
Bertie Wooster, Lester 
Piggott’s runner, still has the 
beating of Sharpetto if one 
recalls their race at New- 
market in July when they 
finished second and fourth, 
respectively, behind 
Chummy’s Pet. 

Sharpetto has six lengths to 
make up on Bertie Wooster, 
but only 31b to hdp him. So I 
regard Bertie Wooster, along 
with Compleat, as the hard 
core of Jokist’s opposition. 
Compleat did well to run that 
hardened veteran Manimstar 
to only half a length at 
Goodwood earlier this month. 

At Beverley I expect the 
Silver Salver Nursery Handi- 
cap to be won by the New- 
market trainer Ron Boss with 
Sno Surprise ,who lived up to 
his name when beating 
Timeswitch at Yarmouth last 

Thursday at the rewarding 
odds of 14-1. 

No one will be keener to win 
the Charles Elsey Memorial 
Challenge Trophy than the 
late and great trainer’s son 
Bill, who continues to rule the 
roost at Highfieid, the family 
home in Malton. 

And what is more he has a 
good chance of doing so with 
Past Glories .who was a bit 
out of his depth in the Melrose 
Handicap at York last week. 

With Franca Vittadini in 
the saddle. Paean should 
make short work of his oppo- 
sition in the Beverley Ama- 
teur Riders' Stakes. 

Finally, Toby Balding looks 
the trainer to follow at New- 
ton Abbot where Amantiss 
(4.0) and Timlyn (4.30) can 
give him two bites a: the 
cherry of success. 

As Balding trained The 
Wombat, nothing would give 
him more pleasure than 
receiving The Wombat Chal- 
lenge Cup from Mrs Nick 
Nutting, whose colours that 
popular old warhorse carried 
in his heyday. In Timlyn, who 
has won his latest two races, 
Balding looks to have the 

From Our French Racing Correspondent, Paris 

them Aspen (Alain Lypharita, particularly, will 
Dt), ShmaoeeLfa (Paul come m for strong local support, 
rj and Alex Nutcvct and looks the likely favourite. 

Northern Aspen (Alain 
Leqaenx), ShmaneeLfa (Pud 
Eddery) and Alex Nnreyev 
(John Reid) carry British hopes 
in the gronp three £20,064 Prix 
Qnmcey over the straight mile at 
Deauville today. 

However, the British raiders 
are going to have a tough time 
holding Lypharita (Cash 
Asnrassen) and Vin de France 
(Eric Legrix), who finished n 
dose-op fifth and sixth, respect 
lively, behind Lining in the Prix 
Jacques le Marois over the same 
trip ten days ago. 

hot the hazards presented by 
holding going and a field of 16 
will make this a hard race to win. 

Northern Aspen has not raced. 
since April when she rrekhud 
behind Bollin Knight and 
Shmaireelth, but sbe is a coarse 
and distance winner and Olivier 
Douieb, her Newmarket-based 
trainer, is an expert at having 
his horses spot on (dr the big 

Today’s course specialists 


TRAINERS: H Ceol. 64 winners from 165 
runners. 3a 8%; L Cumani. 36 from ITS. 
20.1%; M Stoute. 32 hum 164. 17.4%. 
JOCKEYS: S Cautnen. 29 winners from 
110 rides. 2&4%- R Guest 13 hum 79. 
165V MHOs. 12 from 8a 136%. 


TRAINERS: H CetiL 16 winners from 24 
runners. B23VP Cole. 7 from 16. 436V 
M Stoute. 19 from 59, 322V 
JOCKEYS: M Birch. 37 winners from 131 
rides, 282V J Bteasdate. 13 from 92, 
14.1%; N Common. 13 from 133, 96%. 

TRAINERS: J Jenkins, 31 winners from 
136 runners. 22.8V M Pipe, 36 from 208, 
176V O Barons. 18 from 114, 156V 

JOCKEYS: R Oernk 11 winners from 61 
odes. 186V 

Blinkered first first 

YARMOUTH: 4.45 Standard Breakfast 
BEVERELEY: 1.45 Tabard, t Promised. 

3.15 Comely Dancer. 3>«S Court Colours. 

4.15 Amr Albadeia. Garagnty Again. 
Karytan. 445 Maisvila. 


William Hastings-Bass, the 
Newmarket trainer, w as in a 
triumphant mood after greeting 
Psalmody's victory in the Rub- 
bing House Stakes at Epsom 
yesterday. . _. 

With ram dripping down his 
face, Hastings-Bass said: 
“That's fulfilled an ambition. 
I’ve been trying for years to have 
a winner at Epsom, and it's nice 
to do it with a horse owned by 
Lord Derby. I have now won at 
every Flat racecourse in Britain, 
including two that have dosed, 
Lanark and Tcesadc Park.” 

“Psalmody was second at 
Wolverhampton earlier As 
week, and 1 brought him' here 
rather than running him in a 

nursery. He's one of three horses 

1 train for Lord Derby”, the 

trainer said. 

Tony Murray improved the 
colt, a 4-1 chance, to take the 
lead just made the final furlong 
and win by a comfortable two 
lengths from Tufty Lady, with 
the favourite, Mon Coeur, an- 
other two lengths away. 

The Newmarket apprentice 
Roy Carter, aged 22, rode his 
24th Flat winner on the 15-2 
shot Denboy, and now joins 
Philip Mitchell to start a new 
career over jumps. . 

Denboy, who led just i ns id e 
the final furlong, had a neck to 
spare over Ben Adhem, who 
started slowly for the most 
experienced ted in the Steve 
Donogbue Apprentice Handi- 
cap, Chris Rutter. 

Denboy was the first winner 
for Barry Stevens since he 
moved his 36-strong team from 
Bramtey to Winchester five 
weeks ago. 

Barry was rep resented by his 
wife, Madelene, who said, “The 
horses have settled down well, 
and we've had a few seconds 
since the move, but it's a relief 
to get this winner. Denboy has 
been off for two months because 
he spread a plate at Warwick 
and trod on h, pricking his foot. 
We were not sure how he would 
go on this soft ground". 

Mitchell said: “Young Roy 
has weight problems for the 
Flat He can't do less than 8st 
71b. but he’ll be very effective 
over hurdles, and is a veiy good 
horseman. I don't know bow be 
will do over fences, and h may 
take him a year to settle imp the 
winter game”. 

The West Country raider Tez 
Shikari ended a frustrating run 
of fore seconds when tending the 
Turfas Maiden Stakes by two 

This long-awaited victory was 
due in no small measure to the 
withdrawal of the two best 
fancied horses in the race, 
Gilberto and Great Act. 

Monetary Fund, Spy Tower 
and Tez Shikari, were in line 
approaching the final furlong, 
and it was the visored Devon- 
trained colt who broke dear to 
score for Grcvifle Starkey. 

Beware the bit 
players in this 
bizarre theatre 

^T0* lL: 5 


From Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent, New Yoric • 
Ivan LendL John McEnroe, fidemlyonthebaHtoiwaBfoit 
HamaJdaodScova and Mtutma 

Navratilova, who contested last title in ever? one ofuepattfeur 
ISrtlSs feds, were an veara T and that should he w« 
Sramonedw active service on hoe, n waMte 
the first day of the United States mem that always duded fa 
championships at Flushing compatriot. Kora Bog. a -/ 

■ fcJ-adow yesterday, Those™™* ®*ckcr awl W ila nder lookup 
IJfmSnSS may need be DmdTs chief dudle^eraBw 

■ Meadow yesterday. Those wth 
short memories may need 
reminding that the 1985 losers 
were McEnroe and Miss 
Navratilova. . This time 
McEnroe does not even look a 
good bet to reach the GnaL 
A chum who lives in Man- 

players as Mikael Pemfoes, Pu 
Cash, Stefan Edberg, Henri 
Leconte. Zivpjmovic, Cum* 
and a few more — none fancied . 
to win the title, bttall capable of 

A cinnn wno uvo u — . . — - — — — 

hanan says he is “sick and tired” an interm ediate win ow a 
of reading about McEnroe. The supposedly better itisyer having 
publicity has indeed been over- an off day. 
done. But when a ooce-great As ust^. Mt»Nivndam» 
champion returns to com- 
petitiorT after a break of more vmoeas single 
t han six months, as MdEwoc appeared on the genera) news 
did three weeks ago, Ms news 
value is obvious. Navratitore 

During the lay-off McEnroe midaid [one ofberdogs and mat 
became a father and a husband aisis^ oa givmg the fin 
and presumably rearranged his $1,000 ( ahn<» t ^£ ?Qty. The~ 

prionties. Heabo took off more finder doimted the moaey fo 
than a stone, which was prob- some fond called Actors ^for 
ably sfightiy more than he could Animals. Anyway;. Mils, 
aflSnl Navratilova's canin e mtnage 

McEnroe has so mucb talent was back to foil stren gth tn efshe 
that already be has beaten some couldconcenoraieootemns. - 
good players. At the same time it Mtss^ Mandlikoya, now pn- 

bas been evident that he needs a vatdy Mrs Ja n Safa, a nmt 
lot more competition before be expected to b«rt Com Lloyd 
appr oaching what used to be and Miss Navratilova mccnacQ. 
regarded as his best form. utive matches, as she did a yetr 

ago. Married or single, that sort 
. . of “double" is unfikdy. 

regarded as his best form. utive matches, as she did* year 

■ — ago. Married cm - an gle, that sort 

American fires 

burning low Brash and brassy 

: asphalt jungle 

tha t his — and our — level of _ . \ 

expectation should now be more For better or wwx, we tint 

modest. McEnroe has been dis- again been plunged into, foe 
appointed and to some extent humid asphalt jungle railed 
disenchanted by his recent ten- Fl ushin g Meadow —a brash and 
nis. But what did he expect? brassy rendezvous that iwkf of 
We need to remember that in charwral-brofled hamburger? 
the four grand champion- and echoes to the sounds ofkm- 
ships of 1985 McEnroe was flying aircraft, trains, hawkers 
beaten by Mats WBander, and boisterous crowds who 
Kevin Ctirren, Lendl and seem to be forever on the jnore 
Ztobodan SvQja ovic in turn., in search of food and drink and 

The fires oT inspiration were' friwds., . . 

already burnins low. The place is so bizarre slat on 

S^r R foe already burning tow. 

Meantime the- other leading 

men were improving. Lendl, for MhSrf 

example, holds the US and 

runner-up at Wimbtedon, and 
having established himself as 
the best tennis player m the 

world has found time to play ^^”S‘ s4onn,i ' 
some decent squash in a charity everything is normaL 

„ US Open seeds 

As for Boris Bedcer, twice 
Wimbledon champion, this 
young superman has recently 
proved that he is adjusting his 
game and his thinking to bard 
courts which ask more of a 
man’s brain and his ground 
strokes than grass courts do. We 
should note, too, that Wflander 
came dose to beating McEnroe 

here last year and is playing wefl. . 

Even the dreamy, occa- 
sionally poetic Witender js suf- 

ifter * 






— ■ . — . w nw n wnmu run | Lurau 

Koxburgh the brave begins in style 

By Hn«h TnvLu- ^ V 

By Hugh Taylor 
Scotland's hopes of coirect- 
S*2" appalling record in the 
thanks to the 
. of Andy Roxburgh to 
« ll,e Entry’s two 
most -influential players to 
resume their internatio nal 

The names of Kenny 
and Graeme Souaess 
the list of priorities in 
a bulky notebook as the new 
man in command set out this 
wek- on the first stage of a 
Pack-breaking assignment 
which has defeated even the 
masterly talents of Stein,. 

Ormond and Ferguson: to 
give the most footbafl-mad 
country of them all an inter- 
national team of significance. 

This is in contrast to the 
views of most of the tartan 
army, who continue to follow 
cheerfully a side which seldom 
fails to walk hand in hand with 
catastrophe. Their view is that 
the first thing to be done if 
Scotland are ever to succeed in 
the European championships, 
which begin with a game 
against Bulgaria at Hampden 
Park on September 10, is for 
the coach (the SFA consider 
manager an old-fashioned 
word) to find a solution to the 
great mystery of why brilliant 
Club sharp-shooters invariably 
fail when attired in the blue 
shirts of Scotland. 

But “no,” says Roxburgh, 

“that does not come first and I 
am not going to indulge in 
speculation about players. The 
names of my first pool will be 
revealed on Monday and not 

It is obvious that Roxburgh, 
who is regarded in the highest 
esteem throughout the world be available for the Bulgarian 
as a director of coaching, match, it seems certain that 
believes that the laying down' Dalglish will earn his 101 st 
of a style takes precedence and cap on September 10. 

Master craftsmen: Souness (left) and Dalglish are the old hands to whom Scotland are looking for a brig h ter fut ure 

he believes that it will have to 
be modem and elegant, based 
on the French fashion so loved 
by Scottish enthusiasts. So he 
requires the two outstanding 
players of the last decade to 
lay the foundations. 

He appears to have suc- 
ceeded in enticing both 
Dalglish and Souness. who 
had earlier indicated that their 
new club commitments might 
mean the end of international 
appearances, to return to the 
fold. While Souness may not 

However, to the legions 
desperate to see Scotland 
make 3 winning start in a 
competition in which they 
have never qualified for the 
finals, the most important 
aspect of the squad is whether 
Maurice- Johnston will be 

Again, the flamboyant 
Celtic forward has become 
something of a folk hero to 
admirers who love to recall 
that some of the best Scottish 
internationals were rumbus- 

tious playboys. Johnston was 
not included in Scotland's 
World Cup squad in Mexico 
because of alleged incidents 
off the field, but he has 
become the most exciting 
forward in the country. To 
avoid howls of indignation, he 
is expected to return this time 
and to be paired with either 
his club colleague McClair, or 
the sprightly McCoist, of 

There are a few pragmatic 
supporters who continue to be 
pessimistic that the long-last- 
ing problem of impotent 
finishing will ever be solved. 
They recall with dismay the 

disappointment caused by the 
failure ofwhat was regarded as 
a most brilliant array of 
forward power any British 
country could have assem- 
bled . Any combination from 
such illuminaries as Dalglish. 
Nicholas. Sharp. McAvennie, 
Archibald. Stunock, Gray and 
Speedie should have made 
Scotland the wonder of the 
football attacking world. Alas, 
practically every partnership 
from that galaxy turned out 
not to be shooting stars but the 
dampest of squibs. 

Perhaps Roxburgh's new 
pattern, with the inclusion of 
the talented Hansen, of Liver- 

Rush charge looms 
after ‘sending off 

Ian Rush looks certain to face 
a charge of bringing the game 
into disrepute after his Anfield 
outburst The Liverpool for- 
ward was ‘sent off after the 
goalless Bank Holiday home 
draw against Manchester City 
and Kenny Dalglish. 
Liverpool’s player-manager, 
confirmed: “I understand Rush 
will be reported to the Football 
Association for using foul and 
abusive language." 

Had Rush committed his 
indiscretion during the game he 
would now lace an automatic 
two-match ban, but as it came 
after the final whistle the 
punishment could be more 

Teny Butcher, now with 
Glasgow Rangers, was recently 
fined £1,000 following an in- 
cident with the referee after last 
season's Ipswich game at West 

“Rush’s case will be dealt with 
accordingly once we have re- 
ceived the referee’s report.” an 
FA spokesman said yesterday. 
“There is no automatic punish- 
ment and we will write to him 
asking for his comments." 

The referee, Ken Walmsley. 
acted as Rush and the Liverpool 
side were leaving the pitch 
following their 0-0 draw against 
Manchester City. 

“I sent him off for a comment 
he made to me," walmsley said 

Liverpool's Merseyside rivals. 
Everton. also drew at 
Hillsborough, where David 
Hirst, Sheffield Wednesday’s 
teenage substitute, took just 60 

seconds tD make his mark in the 
2-2 thriller. 

Hirst, who cost £200.000 from 
Barnsley, was upstaged by West 
Ham's Frank McAvennie as the 
East Enders set an early title 
pace. McAvennie stunned Old 
TraiTord with a 56 seconds 
strike and finished up with two 
in Hammers' 3-2 triumph over 
Manchester United. “That’s the 
quickest goal I’ve ever 
McAvennie said. 

While West Ham sit pretty 
with six points out of six. United 
are still searching for their first 
point of the campaign. It is a 
stark contrast to last season 
when they started with 10 
straight wins. 

“We were a bit naive at the 
back, something you can’t af- 
ford against people like 
McAvennie " Ron Atkinson, a 
disappointed manager, said. 

Chelsea’s second draw against 
sides destined for the lower half 
of the First Division hardly 
supported their tag of possible 
title chasers. 

On Saturday they were held at 
home by Norwich and yesterday 
drew 1-1 at Oxford. David 
Speedie collecting a booking 
then a goal. Gary Briggs equal- 
ized and John Hollins. Chelsea 
manager, admitted: “1 look on it 
as two points lost rather than 
one gained." 

But Rush was not the only 
Welsh international in trouble. 
George Berry, the Stoke City 
captain, was banished after 87 
minutes of their 2-1 Second 
Division defeat by Leeds 

to Anfield 

Sammy Lee ended his 10-year 
career with Liverpool when be 
joined Queen's Park Rangers for 
£200,000 yesterday after under- 
going a medical at Loftns Road. 

Lee. a stocky midfield player, 
won 14 caps Tor England during 
a glittering career at Anfield 
that has seen him win most 
major honours, bat he has been 
unable to command a regular 
first team place over the last two 
years and decided to move. He 
wOl add vital experience and a 
competitive edge to the side Jim 
Smith is rebuilding in West 

• Luton have introduced a mem- 
bers-only plan and a blanket ban 
on visiting fans to prevent 
troubles. In an attempt to halt 
troobie-makers within the 
gnxmd and attract more local 
families to football, Luton have 
taken the unprecedented step of 
restricting admission at all 
League games to holders of 
membership cards. 

Loton card holders will be 
able to bring three guests with 
them, bat membership will be 
withdrawn if they canse trouble. 
No tickets will be sold on the day 
of the match. 

Club officials admit they may 
lose money- on the turnstiles and 
that genuine fans from visiting 
clubs will suffer — bat they are 
determined there will be no 
repeat of the £25.000 damage 
caused at the ground by rampag- 
ing Millwall fans last year. 

Loton can look forward to a 
reduced bOt from the Bedford- 
shire police. 

David Real’s belief that 
Tottenham Hotspur can mount 
a genuine championship chal- 
lenge has sparked Give Allen's 
early season goal rush. On the 
eve of the season, the new 
manager urged his players to 
aim high. “With our squad we 
have a genuine chance of the 
title,” Pleat told them. 

Allen, whose last two seasons 
have been seriously disrupted 
by injury, took up the rally cry in 
dramatic fashion on Monday, 
by scoring against Newcastle 
United to follow his hat-trick in 
Saturday’s dazzling 5-0 win at 
Aston Villa. 

“This is the best squad since I 
have been at While Hart Lane.” 
said the 25-year-old forward. 
“When you look around here at 
all the feces, it's easy to share the 
manager's thoughts that we 
should be aiming for the title. 
That alone gives you confidence 
and certainly things could not 
have gone better for me so fer. 

“I worked hard to get fit and I 
feel very sharp. Being out for so 
long gives you a renewed ap- 
petite and it has also been 
enjoyable working under David 
PleaL 1 have been very im- 
pressed with him." he said. 

After Allen had bundled 
home Chris Waddle's curling 
cross in first half injury time, 
Tottenham should have gone on 
to claim maximum points from 
their first two games. It did not 
happen because they spumed 
chances and Martin Thomas. 
Newcastle’ goalkeeper, was in 
inspired form. Then, three min- 

utes from time Peter Beardsley 
prodded home the equalizer. 

IL frustrated the Tottenham 
feithfiil but Pleat is confident 
that the future remains un- 
dimmed. “It was disappointing 
because we could have won 
convincingly." he said. “We had 
the chances in the second half 
but failed to kill them off We 
kept our pattern throughout and 
defensively we were not really 
troubled all afternoon and that’s 

Richard Gough enhanced the 
reputation he has established in 
the handful of games be has 
played in since his £750.000 
transfer from Dundee United. 
The big defender also won 
praise from Pleat for an attack- 
ing charge which nearly pro- 
duced the first goal. 

“Richard is a good athlete and 
the early ball be delivered after 
his long run was just what we 
were looking for," he said. “It 
was another early ball from 
Chris Waddle that finally got us 
the goal" 

• Ian Thompson. Bourne- 
mouth forward, has been forced 
to retire after failing to over- 
come a persistent pelvic injury. 
Thompson, 28. a qualified 
schoolteacher, scored 36 goals in 
137 appearances in three years 
for Bournemouth. He plans to 
return to teaching. His most 
memorable moment was scor- 
ing one of the goals in the 2-0 FA 
Cup win over Manchester 
United, the holders at Dean 
Court in 1984. 


cWVi firaf of West Germany, currently ranked No 3 in the 
^ Smtmg the Most Improved Player of the Year 
i for 1986 from Bod Collins, the American writer and 
television presenter, in New York. US Open, page 30 


US Open 
top of 

Lakeland. Florida lAPl — The 
United States Open is the most 
cherished prize in the world in 
men's golf, according to a pool 
of judges made up of players and 

The panel. Andy Bean and 
Bob Murphy- golfers. Ken Ven- 
turi. CBS television network 
gol f analysL and seven go) f 
writers, were asked by the 
Lakeland Ledger what they fell 
were the most important golf 
tournaments in the world. 

Eight gave their vole to lhe 
US Open. None of them ranked 
the tournament below firet 
place, but one writer selected the 
Masters. British Open and US 
Open as of equal status. 

The consensus was that the 
US Open has the highest reputa- 
tion because it has the best field 
year alter year. Llnlikc the 
Masters, the US Open holds 
qualifying rounds so the best 
amateurs and professionals 
meet head to head. 

The VS Open is also moved 
from year to year, providing 
more c ha l lege to' players because 
they net er know what to expect. 
“It is the premier golf e*cnt in 
the world, period.” Murphy, 
who captured this year’s Ca- 
nadian Open. said. “The others 
arc great to win. but when you 

win the US Open, you’ic done 
something above winning." _ 

Rounding out the top five 
tournaments chosen by lhe 
group were the British Open, the 
Masters, the PGA champion- 
ship and the Tournament Play- 
ers championship. 


SECOND DIVISION: Bmingtam City 2. 
Bradford City i: OVJham Athletic 2. 
Barnsley 0: West Brormrtcff Atoon 1. 
Sheffield United 0 

UTTLEWOODS CUP: First round, first 
tea: Glfingnam 1. Northampton Town 0. 
mouth 1. Nuneaton 0: Altnncham 1. 
Noohwiefl t: Runcorn o, Scarborough 2: 
Fnckley 3. Gateshead 1: Bsmm 3. 
Maidstone 1: Cheltenham 3. Kette iwq 1: 
Bam 3. iGadermmster 2. Chempiomhip 
Shwtd: En field 0. Stafford 1. 

tftsrorc Sognor Regs t. Wonting 1 AC 
OeteeCup- PrefeJnety round: Banstead 
3. Roysmn t. Coder Row 1. Newbury 3: 
Hey doom Swiffs 2, Carnheriey 0: 
Van* naif Mows i. HareWd 2. Charity 
Cup: Sutton Urxted I. Yeovtt 5. 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Premier dhri ai wc 
Alvecnurch 5. Fa«enam 2: Aylesbury 2. 
Kncs Lynn 1; CheMsftxd 2. Dudley I; 
Cra«iey 3. Bromsgrove *. Worcester 0. 
Frsrter 1: Cambridge City 1. Witney 1. 
Basingstoke (h Stepsnsd Cnarremousa 
ft Qa-ttord 1. Wdenhatl 0: FoNestcne 0. 
Bedwofth 0 Postponed. Reddncn » 
Gosport Msdsnd rtvMuom Bilsior 0. 
Leicester United It Buckingham 2. Stour 
bndge 3. Sutton Coldfield 2. Man 
3. &ouce 

. Merthyr Tydfil 
wen t. Heo- 

3. Sutton CakJfield I 

star 4. Ha l es o wen L Hed- 
nesiord 3. Leamngron ft. Mie Oak 2. 
Welti neftoro 0. P Mto nW Bnognorth v 
Moor Green. Rushden v Grantham. 
Southern dtvswn: Andover 0. Canterbury 
Oy 3. AsMord2.ShepDeyl:ComitTiian3 1 
Du-srade 1: Entti ana Belvedere t. 
Trcwpridge 4; Gravesend and Nonntleet 
4. /.atertaovdle 1. Poole i. Burnham and 
H:nmgcon 2; Ruahp 0. Thanai t: 
TcnorxJge i. Chatham 0. Woodford J. 
Dover 2 . 

0: Oswestry 0. Rry 1 t. Gamsporoogh 1. 

Goote 2: Moss ley 3. Hyde 1: Wilton 0. 
South Liverpool 4 Brtton 1. Worksop 1; 
Southport 1 Horwic h 1; Barrow 1, M anu u 
ft. MorecamDe 2. Wnriarwton 0. 

Prmrder tfvtskm: Abingdon t.Shortwood 

ft. Fairfonj 1. Bicester I: Hounstow ft. 
Abingdon 2: Mormon 1. PenhiB 1; Moms 
Motors 2. Vilong Sports 2; Rayners Lane 

1. Supemwnne 1; Sharpness i, Thame 1; 
Wantage 0. Pegasus Jrttaws 0. 
Postponed; Ya® v WaUn gtprd 
mier tSvtstorr Chipstead 1. Merstham 1; 
Chobham 2. Cove 1: Cobh am 2. Fartetgff 
2: Crantogh t. Ash 1; Famham l. 
Gcdalrreng 1: Frentey Green 1. Hartley 
Witney 2: Malden 2. Horiey 1 : Malden Vale 

2. BAe (Weybndga) 0: Westfield S. Vlrataa 
Water 1. 

nner tfivisioo: Bristol Manor Farm o. 
Sattash 1: Chippenham 4, Barnstaple ft. 
Oevedon 3. Bristol City 6; Ctanoown 1. 
Dawfcsn ft Exmouth z. Tomngton 1; 
Fronted. Chard ft. M e U whnm I.Pauffonth 
Rads rock 4. Minehead i; Taunton 0. 
Bradford 2. Postponed: Lskeard v 
Manqot s lietd. 

PremMr dmam Boston 3. Gutsetey 1: 
Bndfcngton 2. Belper 2: Denaby 2. North 
Ferraby 0: Harrogate 1. Long Eaton ft. 
Pontefract Cottenes 0. Eastwood 2. 
(fry mom Amersham 0. Beaconsfieid ft 
Beckton 1. Southgate 1: Bnmsdown t. 
Crown and Manor 2: Denson 0. RedMI 5: 
Hanwefl i. Edgware 3: Pennant i. 
Bartingsde 2: Yeadmg 3. Northwood 0, 
CcmntfiiarvCasuaJs D. Olysses 1. 
jrtri t. Benskns South M ydands League 

OTHER MATCH: Harrow Borough 2. 
Chelsea Reserves 3. 

Italian shuffle 

Aveilino < API —The Southern 
Italian football team of Avellino 
have hired Luis Vinicius de 
Menczes. the Brazilian coach 
who is better known as Vinicio. 
for the new season. He will 
travel lo Italy lo sign 3 contract 
later this week. Vinicio. 3 for- 
mer player of Inlcmazionale 
and Napoli and coach ot 
Udinese. replaces EnzO Roboiti 
who came to loggerheads with 
ihc club president over 
contract. , 

Mansfield upset 

Keith Cassells, a forward, has 
startled newly-promoted Mans- 
field Town by asking for a 
transfer. Cassells, aged 29. who 
cost the club £17.500 Iasi sum- 
mer. wants to move back to the 
London area because of his 
wife's ill health. Mansfield will 
only allow Cassells to join a 
London club and expect to 
recoup a large pan of the 
£17.500 they paid for him last 
summer. He scored 15 goals to 
spearhead Mansfield’s drive to 
promotion from the fourth di- 
vision after joining them from 

pool to add sophistication 
and flexibility to a rearguard 
whose main function would 
be to attack from behind, will 
give forwards a better chance 
of breaking the spell which 
seems to be cast on them at 
international level. 

While Roxburgh, the in- 
spiration behind several 
remarkable Scottish youth 
victories, is still regarded with 
suspicion in some quarters, 
his pedigree as a potential 
champion on the modern 
foot tell scene is impeccable 
and his choice of players for 
the start of a new era will be 
eagerly awaited. 


ready to 
get on their 

.From John Wflcockson 
Colorado Springs 

For only the AM time this 
century the world cycling 
championships are taking place 
in North America. Newark, New 
Jersey, la 1912 aad Montreal, 
Canada, in 1974 were die pre- 
vious locations but neither of 
those promotions can compare 
with the size and pretensions of 
the championships that open 
today In dus sprawling, modem 
city at the foot of the Rocky 

Because of its 6,210ft devo- 
tion, the open-air, 333-metre 
concre te velodrome, where 12 of 
the 16 championships will be 
de c i ded, is one of the fastest in 
the world. Corporate s po nso r- 
p is an rmntiwl part of 
jwhhn sport bt the modem 
United States. The .Southland 
Corporation, of" Dallas, Texas, 
demoted the S2 mflfien (about 
£1,350,000) velodrome to the 
linked States Cycling Federa- 
tion and they have preaped a 
farther S3 million into these 

It is a Car cry from 1912 when 
the promot ers relied on the 
entrance money of die crowds to 
finance the championships. 
There were few European 
tpetitors 74 years ago be- 
se of the difficulties of trans- 
Attamic travel. 

Drapite this influx of time and 
money, die six men's amateur 
track titles sboald be shared 
among the Soviet Union, East 
German and Czechoslovakian 
squads, with Italy Che most 
likely challengers- 
Britain have their only medal 
hopes in two of thefeer pro- 
fessional events. Tony Doyle, 
a Woking, Surrey, has 
shown in the Kellogg’s dty 
ce n t re championships that he 
has die speed to improve on his 
SJKMhn pursuit si lver medal 
performances of 1984 and 1985. 
And the Pe nnsyl v a mia-bascd 
Sheen WaBace.'firom Chandlers 
Ford, Hampshfre, has the poten- 
tial for a medal in the 50km 
points race that doses the track 
programme next Monday night. 


Nielsen bars way 
for Gundersen to 
iplete hat-trick 

By Keith Macldin 

The world indmdnal title 
could be decided as early as the 
second beat before a crowd 
expected to top 100,000 in 
Katowice, Poland, ,on Saturday. 
If this sounds a pessimistic 
forecast of a resounding anti-, 
dimax, then folk at the 

Most rational people accept 
that tbetitie will again be fought 
out between Erik Gundersen, 
the holder forthe past two years, 
and Hans Nirisray bis. great 
Danish rivaL The insensitive 
quirks of the draw 'have insured - 
that the Danish champion 
meets his nearest challenger ih 
heat two, and the winner could 
well be motivated to go otrfbr 
final victory. 

Of course, these could . be. ; 
mechanical failures, or Gun- 

making it three championships 
in a row will ensure that be is to 
a mean mood on Saturday. 

In addition to Nielsen there is 
another great name anxious to 


first won lh 

world tides in a row., 
does not . want his., feat to 
eqtalled by the Danish upstart,, 
and Nielsen has 'been seeking- 
the New Zealander’s advice and ~ 
help. To counter thiade Olsen, - 
another former world cham- 
pion, will be in Gundersen’s 

All this makes it seem that tfie 
rest of the riders from England. 
Denmark, the United States, 
West Germany. Italy, New Zea- 
land, Czecboslovqitia, the So- 
viet. Union and Poland, are just 
going along to Katowice for die • 

dersen may prove u>be riding at _ 

less than fas irresistible dare-- ^ 

bis irresistible dare- 
devil best after his betow-par" 
performance at Bradford in the * 
third match of the World Team ■ . 
Cup. But Gundersen in that, 
match was a sleeping tiger, 
content to let his colleagues do . 
the work. The challenge, of 

s representatives are 

Neil I: vires. Chris Morton. Kel- 
vin Tatum and Marvyn COx, 
and lhe best they can- expect is a 
strong showing somewhere bt> 
hind the lop two. ■ - 


League for non-giants 
begins flexing muscles 

New York (Reuter) — The 
United States' newest pro- ' 
fessional league hopes to stood 
out by being shorter. The Inter- 
national Basketball Association 
for players 6ft 4in and under will 
begin next summer to avoid 
competition with the National 
Basketball Association, where 
, giants over 7ft rule the courts. 

The IBA’s rules will favour 
quickness, piaytnalring and pure 
shooting, not height, Ben 
Haiskin, the I BA co-founder 
said yesterday. 

Franchises have been granted 
in eight North American cities . 

with four others to be finalized, 
in die next couple of months. 
The IBA hopes to~ stage a 
“world" championship by. 1988- 
and has a tentative agreement 
with the Philippines BA for a 
series of post-season games rn 
1987, Hatskin said. 

. The -founders include ' or-* 
gutizers ofUnited, Stales, versus 
Soviet competitions- in tennis 
and ice hockey, amf of .North 
American sports leagues.' in- 
cluding the world (tee) Hockey ' 
Association and the American 
Basketball Association, both 
now defunct after part mergers 
into senior rival leagues.. 


European geography 
puts King in corner 

Lee’s fond Spurs told 6 we can 

win league glory’ 

Los Angeles (Reuter) — Don 
King, the promoter, was in full 
flow. “I present to you a man 
from The Netherlands . . . from 
Norway," he declared. “He is a 
man who will emulate In gemar 
Johansson, his Swedish compa- 
triot and the former heavy- 
ight champion. You say why 
Steffen Tangstad? f say why not 
Steffen Tangstad?" 

King, showing a few gaps in 
his knowledge of geography, was 
hard at work yesterday tooting 
an International Boxing Federa- 
tion world heavyweight title 
fight between Michael Spinks, 
lhe bolder, and Tangstad (6 pm 
Norway), the European cham- 
pion, in Las Vegas on Septem- 
ber 6. 

• The problem that baffled the 
flamboyant promoter was that 
Tangstad, aged 27, despite 
standing 6ft 2in, is shy, and 
almost unknown in the United 
States. At lunch, Tangstad met 
the affable Spinks and sparks 
failed to fly — perhaps only to be 
expected from a fighter whose 
country has harmed professional 
boxing since 1981. The nearest 
the fighters managed to a 
menacing stance, despite King’s 
goa di ng, was to grin at each 
other with fists clenched. 

Tangstad has 24 wins, includ- 
ing 12 by knockout, one loss and 
two draws.“l want to win and I 
think I'm going to .win,” 
Tangstad said quietly. “My 
dream for so many years has 
been to fight for the world title.” 

Spinks, a natural 
we ight who look the 
weight title from Larry Holmes 
last September and beat him 
again in a rematch, sms be 
thinks he is still the underdog. “I 
put Tangstad exactly where 
people put me against Holmes,” 
be sakL “I look forward to a 
tough fight. I'm not putting 
Tangstad down. 

“Once. I never dreamed of 
being in fights with big guys to 
whom I have to give away 10 to 
15 pounds,” Spinks . said. 
“Tangstad is a big guy, a very 
rough guy. Let someone else say 
he’s soft, not me." • ■ ■ • 

Tangstad looked at the floor 
in embarrassment. Asked if he 
bad any heroes, Tangstad raid: 
-Johansson became my big idol. 

I saw him in Florida recently. 
He has given me a lot of good 
advice.” Describing his style. 
Tangstad said : “I have a knock- 
out punch in both hands. I feel 
Fm improving.” 

Tangstad said he did not 
expect the Las Vegas heat to 
upset him as it has other 
European boxers, in c lu d in g 
Bany McGirigan, of Northern 
Ireland, who lost his world 
featherweight title to Steve Cruz 
in June with the temperature 
above lOOdegF. “I arrived in 
Las Vegas early because of the • 
heat,” Tangstad said. “The beat 
ve me a little problem at the 
ning, but now I am over 


Spinks: champion . 


Tangstad:. challenger 



PBCA, Sa«W Uimk FadwMtM 

slms: TOtar Mta: 1 . o Krtsfttap . 

44am 43 see (nan European reeve!. 


NORTH AMERICA: American L e ague: Oak- 

land AHme* & Demu Tigers 4: Kansas Gty 

Royals 2. Ctaago WMs Sox 0: Cefttomta 

Angels 5. New York Yankees -3; Texas 

Rangers 4. Boston Red See 2. Ne d m* 

League: Montreal Expos R San Francisco 

Gtams 5: Cncmatl Reds 5, PIRRMrdT PM 

4. New Tom Men S. San Dnoo Partes 

Houston Astros 3. Cnlcago Cubs 2; Manta 

Braves 4. St Lons Centals 2: Los Angeles 

dodgers 3. PMadMobia PNBes 1. 


SCOTOt Batataac Qrand Pitx de r&oaut 

Leading maefilBeMen unless state* 1. J 

van Pogprt (NetmTSs Onxn 43see Z W 
Arras. T e vanderaerden: 4. J Capiot 5. A 

W^iands (NR te 8, M Martom TO, St same 

tote. SSTJBSB: «. C Paste. S5ZST4; 10, P 
StaiWt3<7284: 11. F Zoellw. 340483; rati 
TijwWL 293,8M; 13. T Watson. 275 JG8; 14, R 
Boyd. 272J88; 15. M Wtebe. 257,246; IS. D 
Hernmpnd. 2«9£33; 17. K (keen 249,2*6: 18. 

LWertdns.235.7B3; 19. MOnigm. 

20. J Mcfctaos. ZZ&fttS. Otter ptaw 
LrietGBL 141415: B3. K Brown 
t«.N Faldo (GB).502aS: 

tSoL 45.877. LPGATourlUS . . 

PBrartetWraateS O Mrtfsr. 2^274:3. ’ 
B King. 22&8S7; 4. A Atom. 221,309: 5. J 
Gaddss. 196332: RM Zimmerman. 190,346; 
7. C Johnson. 169,54ft ft P Sheehan. 
15231ft ft V Stonier. 168394; 10. A 

WC^DRAto^TO: 1. S Brtsstaros 

89fc5. M O- Means (USL B29-Jt H Suttwr 
564; ft 8 Lyle (GiftSte; 10, C Stnnge 


aUCKL tMQ: stud m Wortd Cm Seat 

to New Zealand «pts. Fiance 2. 

9-3; Hiddy Johan (EngJbt SOhaff Oner (F’afcL 
WMM. ** A Thome (All*) btA 
wantsted (Sm 9-5. IM, 9-7; T NBncamw 
bt R var tAusL 7-ft 9-2. ML 9-2: C 
" Saad {BBlPft 7-ft 


BRmaHLgAGUE: PoMpene u : KtaglLyim • 

JtenOMAL LEAGUE: Ne**a3a5i (8>wd re. 

Manon 10). IMdMbrougti23(PBcon 14). 


MbmAom (Ca 3t4,i 

Great Bmam 2. Ausbaia .£*Pro2u3a»* - 




(US unless saasdfc 1. G Nomwi (Aus). 

440563. 5. H Sudan. 424305; 6. B Longer 

IWG). 372.092: 7. J MaMftev. 358390: ftT 


KARACHb PaUMOgn Secondrewirt P 

ftU&jsoocrMeTied OVa H DUoyd (BmL 9- 

Umar Hni Khan (PSlft 9-2. 9ft M; Oanw 
Zaman trfaio KF JotosonOwet 7ft 9-7. M 

11. M 
13. T 



1ft TTltesne 

• Steve Lowndes, of Millwall, 

hss johted Barnsley te £40,000. 



Kick-on 7.30 unless stated 

First division 

Not ti ng h am For v Chariton 

Littfewoods Cup 
First round, first leg 

Bristol R v Reading (7.45) 

Derby v Chester 

Exeter v Newport — 

Hereford v Swansea 

SKOL CUP: TOM round: A bor de ai » 

Clyde: Ayr w Dundee ItaRed; CaWC v 

Dumbarton: Dundee v Montrose; EaMRfe 

ir Rangers: Fadar » El Mjran: Hsntaton v 
Hibernian: Mothervro av Clydeba nk. 

uwvTeeoM. . _ . 

MULTIPART LEAQUE: Caemmion v Bari- 

LEAGUE: Premier (Maim 

cwliu^ 'lS3fe FUSt dhtakae Aston 

VIBa v Nottnghan Forest Bladdwmjr 

Sunderland HuB « Qx«m 

Newcastle v Manehesrer utd fMft Shef- 
field UW v teMtew rfl fooo a 

vwtoc Bamsiey v DaiUngton 
Blackpool v York (70; Bolton v Grimsby 
p^fedterstWd v tfenagter. i Go 

V Wigan (7J1K Port Vale ▼ Bredkrt^fl); 
Stoke v PrwMft (7.01- Poetponed: Scon- 
thofDe v WoWritampioa 
Oxford Utd ROk Crystal Palace v 
WaHn wri 1 

ULSTSt CUP: O aw t rtft toe L UnMd v 

Cop: Qiestivn v Eghant GoMer How v 
Newoury: E aa ttiortne Utd « Homchi rc h . . 
Petersfiaid Utd v Tring; RuW|p Manor v 


Branham v Ttptree; Chatted* v Wattcn 

r rt us tow o v Harwic h and Parfcesion; 

Thettord v Great YarmouCh- 


Arbien fGJQ= C am brid ge w Chariton 

(&30): Chetoea « FutaanTp^ GOno- 
ham v Ipswich: MNwaiv Norwich; Oriantv 
Portsmouth: OPR » Southend; West Ham. 

v Arsenal Second dtaMom Brantford « 

Luton; WfanUedon « SMndon. 


P»acatoa*en and 
(ft3tn: . Horsham. YMCA v 

Heywards Hewh; Wick v AnjrideL . 


Br i tat mic Aeau ranea 

County Ctnmptonahfp 

ft 1 j 0 to 6^0 . 110 overs mkiMtumt 

SW ANSEA: GBamorgan v Surrey 

LBCE5TER: Leicester v Derby 

LOBD'SrMriOesex v Lancashire 
NORTHAMPTON: North am pton- 

Preedar dMetao: lOton Keynes * Leigh- 

ton; SWUngton v Eaton Bor- VWetaryn 
Garden City vHoddBBdon: Winslow v New 
B r adw eB. OTOen * 

Group A: icldtord v 


Sparta v Pttatone and 

- MMordVBa. 

LEAGUE: Senior tf- 
vtotoR Ford v East Horn (6J0L 
Acatogtn Stanley v Rowendato; Fteet- 
wood y Rerrttc Ktey* BotOe. 


FJrel Dhrisiaa (S.1S): Behom CteeW -* 

Chel B H i ham : GhaMnham Sarecenr v 

B a d mln at i P tat t ao na; CNgping Norton « 

Easingfen Scons Ctrenceatar v Awn 
Bradford; Hfchworth v Glanfiefo; 
KtdBngam « HazdftK KMbuty » (Wooc 

ui.- » rMnhuter v uMxrar and Eaar J 

BRIDGE: NotUngtiamshltov 
Kent • ■ 

TAUNTON: S o mer set v Essex ' 

. . EDQBASTON: WarwtekSShtra v 

MF.Yorkshira -' 

BRISTOL: Gloucestershire v 

CtMtaHtanX Essexrv Gto a oesta rehhB; 

team Susmx v WBreMuNm. 

GOLF: Seffi juoOt CftanpiaMftq} 

&PSDWA1& NeSDaSt I _ 

ton v Stoke; MMenheff v 

yiTOtotedarv BhrotoMnL 














































P : , 









Gatting’s reign blossoms 
under the falling rain 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

THE OVAL: Engfont 
with New Zealand, 

The third Test match 
against New Zealand, spon- 
sored by ComhiJL. ended yes- 
terday in frustration. Despite 
frequent attempts, some more 
whole-hearted than others, to 
get play started, only one over 
was bowled,- in which New 
Zealand made seven for no 
wicket after England had 
declared at their overnight 
score of 388 for five. 

New Zealand are to be 
warmly congratulated, there- 
fore, on winning a series in 
England for the hist time, by 
virtue of their eight-wickeis 
victory at Trent Bridge. Hav- 
ing taken the Texaco Trophy 
as welt the one-day curtain- 
raiser, they have had no less 
successful a tour than the 
Indians before them. If En- 
gland had the better of this last 
Test match,. New Zealand 
came much closer to winning 
the first at -Lord's. 

In nearly 60 years New 
Zealand have beaten England 
four rimes. For years they 
were underdogs, at any rate 
when it came to praying 
England and Australia. Now 
they have won their last two 
senes against them both. I like 
to think of John Reid and Bert 
Sutcliffe and Martin Donnelly 
and Mervyn Wallace and Jack 
Cowie and Richard Hadlee's 
father and lots of their other 
pioneers joining together in 
mutual celebration of a golden 
age for New Zealand cricket 

Asked last night why he 
thought it was that they had 
"come good". Coney said that 
perhaps it was because “we are 
proud of our sporting 
heritage". Of his side he said 
they were “not necessarily 
very pretty pairs but they do 
get the best out of them- 
selves.. I have a suspicion 

that it may not be quite the 
same with all other countries.” 
For myself. I have a suspicion 
he may be right. 

Just over half the playing 
time was lost here at the Oval 
a total of 15 hours 40 minutes. 
It is some years since a Test 
match in England was 3s badly 
interrupted as that. Had it 
been a fine morning yesterday 
we would have had the chance 
of seeing Botham chasing the 
fastest century in Test cricket 
in the same match as he 
became the leading wicket- 
taker in Test history. 

As it was, no sooner had the 
field been got ready for a start 
around I2L30 than the rain 
came down, and that was just 
as it was all day. By lunch 
word came through that 
Gatting had declared, and all 
there had been when, at four 
o'clock, the match was aban- 
doned, were two sessions of 
play, of three balls each. In 
these Botham bowled a couple 
of predictable long hops, 
which Wright hit for four and 
three... As predictable, any- 
way, as anything that Botham 
does can be- 
lt may not be a bad thing for 

England to be approaching the 
tour of Australia without the 
euphoria that led to such 
unfulfilled hopes a year ago. 
After the Ashes had been 
retained at the Oval then, 
even the West Indians in West 
Indies seemed fair game. In 10 
Test matches since, only in the 
one just finished did England 
so much as gain a first-innings 

We shall go off to Australia 
this time under no such 
illusions. No great crowd 
massed in font of the. Oval 
pavilion yesterday, to give the 
team a ticker-tape send-off as 
they did last August. On the 
other hand, no one could have 
asked for any better batting 
than by Goror, Gatting and 
Botham on Saturday and 
Monday. It was exactly what 
was needed to put the side in 
better fettle and to appeal to 
Australian cricket followers. 

Gatting is finding his feet as 
captain. There have been 
limeSj I am sure, since he took 
over from Gower, when he has 
cursed his luck. Successful 
captains need effective 
howlers (where would Hutton 
have been without Tyson and 

Botham was hit for 25 

Although Ian Botham's 24 rans off one over from Derek Stirling 
at the Oval on Monday equalled the Test record Cm one batsman, 
the greatest number of runs to come off an over in Tist cricket re- 
mains 25 (Simon WQde writes). At Johannesburg in 1953-54, two 
New Zealand batsmen hit TayfieU, of South Africa, for 25 runs in 
one tight-half over (which were then still In nse), Sntdiffe for three 
sixes and a single, and Blair for another six. 

This total was equalled daring a six-ball ever from Botham at 
Port of Spain ■ 1980-81, when Roberts, the West Indies Cast 
bowler, struck three sixes, a four and a two, in addition to there be- 
ing one leg-bye. 

Petzl, of India, became the second batsman to score 24 runs off 
one over when be struck six fours in seven balls from Willis (the 
third ball of the over was a no-ball, and PnfO did. not score from the 
forth), at Old Trafford in 1982. As Pa til was 80 not oat when the 
over began, he had, by its end, brought up his handred in a most 
spectacular of fashion. 

Statham, lan Chappell with- 
out Thomson and Lillee, and 
where would Coney be with- 
out Hadlee?). And Garting’s 
bowlers have taken their wick- 
ets against New Zealand at no 
sort of a match-winning rate: 

But at the Oyal he handled 
them more firmly. He was 
seeing the wood from the 
trees, as he seemed not to m 
the previous Test at Trent 
Bridge: and when he batted on 
Monday morning it was with- 
out a thought for his own 
hundred. Such unselfishness is 
a rare quality in Test cricket 
And now, of course, Botham is 

Having lost their last Test 
series against Pakistan, West 
Indies, India and now New 
Zealand. England's forthcom- 
ing meeting with Australia 
could be said to be for the 
wooden spoon. That is not to 
say it will be dulL The battle 
for the Ashes never is, less still 
when Botham is playing. 

Asked yesterday whether he 
thought Botham had, in feet, 
done enough to clinch bis 
touring place, Gatting, rather 
than saying that of course he 
had, hedged his bets. That was 
the natural caution, I hope, of 
one selector out of six. If he is 
left behind there will be hell to 
pay, that's for sure. 


NEW ZEAUUSk First Mr^287 (J G 

Wright 119; G R May 4 tori 
Second tarings 
JG Wright not out. 

B A Edgar not out 
Total (no wM) 

J J Craws, M D Crows, MV Corny, E J 
Gray, R J Hadlee, J G BnocwnB, fT E 
Btsm. D A Stiffing and E J CtetfMd rfld 

BOWLING: Botham 1 -O-7-O. 

BUGLANOe First kminns 388 tar 5dse(D! 
Gower 1 SI, N W Gaffing 121, IT Botham 
59 not out). 

Umpires: H D Bird and D R Shephard. 


Weather leaves race for 
championship wide open 

to have 
test today 

• After the abandonment of alT the 
leaders' games yesterday, the race for 
the Britannic Assurance County 
Championship remains delicately 
poised. Gloucestershire have seen their 
lead cut to 10 points and have only two 
matches (against Worcestershire and 
Surrey) remaining. Essex, who have 
whittled away a lead once stretching to 
50 points, have four matches to make 

Christopher Cowdrey, the 
Kent captain, still troubled by a 
groin injury, will have a fitness 
test at Trent Bridge today before 
deciding whether he can return 
to the side to play Nottingham- 
shire. Richard Ellison, who -has 
had flu, is expected to be fit and 
the England pace bowler, Gra- 
ham DiUey, wfll return. 

Graham Gooch returns from 

to concede 

By Peter Ban 


the rain continued to 
sweep across a bleak Old 
Traftord yesterday morning. 
David Graveney remained 
philosophical although the 
temptation to rail against the 
elements must have been 
strong as he watched the tail of 
"Hurricane Charlie” tilt the 
balance another degree or two 
in Essex's favour. 

"So far I’ve tended to ignore 
the mathematical options, 
thinking we should con- 
centrate on playing well and 
winning, but with the weather 
beginning to play an increas- 
ing part, we’ve reached the 
stage where you can't ignore 
them," Graveney reflected. 

"It is not yet a two-horse 
race. Surrey still have to play 
us, and if they win one of their 
.' other games, it will be interest- 
- ing, but I think they really 
needed to beat Essex. Essex 
must be marginal favourites 
now,” he said. 

For the second year run- 
ning, Gloucestershire are 
faced with the knowledge that 
an impressive lead has been 
whittled away in August. 

"It is disappointing," 

• Graveney said, "because this 
year the weather has dented 
our cause more so than last 
year. Then 1 felt we blew 
. opportunities of winning, but 
■ this year we just haven’t been 
T able to get into games. 

“We've lost the middle day 
. in four of our last five 

up the remaining deficit. Behind them, 

Surrey, with three games- left, are a 
further 1 7 points adrift As the rain was 
decimating yesterday's programme, 
the captains of the two counties at the 
top of the table, David Graveney of 

Gloucestershire and Keith Fletcher of 

Essex (deputising for the absent Gra- En^ndduty to ieri“Ess«in 
ham Gooch), gave their assessment of «he»r championship match 
the championship race. 3M3SAIS5" 

• Gareth Smith, the fast howto, 
is in Northamptonshire's party 
of 14 for their final home 
championship match against 
Hampshire starting at North- 
ampton today. Smith, aged 20, 
1 a made his fim-dass debut 

■ vlflllPPClAI" against the Indians earlier this 
vl lv 1 Itvo Ivl seasoixAllan Lamb, the England 

batsman, has also been added to 

Walsh is 
key for 

lerienced Test players they 
unlikely to be affected by 

Graveney: weather 

the side's great strength. 
"They are a good blend of 
youth and experience. Pos- 
sibly they are a little top-heavy 
with experience but they have 
won things before so they 
know the pressure, which is 
different to us, and with 
experienced Test 

“They have come back from 
a situation where they were 
struggling to get 11 fit men on 
the field between injuries and 
test calls, and you have to give 
them full marks for the way 
they have whittled away at our 

Graveney’s assessment of 
his rivals concentrates on then- 
ability as a team. “They have a 
good all round bowling attack. 
John Childs has done very 
well for them, which we are all 
delighted about, and so has 
Foster. And they get just 
enough runs. The loss of 
Border at a crucial stage might 
be significant for them, but 
David East is in a purple patch 
at the moment and all their 
batsmen make contributions. 

“They get their wickets to 

By Ivo Tennant 

Gloucestershire's success in 
the Britannic Assurance County 
Championship this season has 
come as a surprise to Keith 
Fletcher, now the Essex vice- 
captain after 12 years as captain. 
"Without Walsh," be said yes- 
terday. "Gloucestershire would 
be a middle of the table side. 

“That is not meant to be an 
unkind remark. One could say 
the same about Marshall and 
Hampshire. The reason 
Gloucestershire have done so 
well is because Walsh has taken 
more than a 100 wickets. It is 
often the case tint if a fast 
bowler takes that many wickets, 
his side win the championship. 

"Having said that, 
Gloucestershire have done ex- 
tremely well to be where they 
are. I think they must have 
played out of their skins this 
season, especially as Curran has 
been unable to bowl all summer. 
They bat down the order, Athey 
is a good player and Lloyds has 
done well but they have uo 
outstanding batsman. They 
have competent day in. day out 
players." he said. 

"At Colchester last week we 
would have beaten Gloucester- 
shire if the weather had not 
intervened. The forecast is di- 
abolical again today in the west, 
where we are playing Somerset, 
but at least Gloucestershire and 
Surrey our main rivals, are also 
playing in the west. Neither 
county are likely to gain an 
advantage through the weather. 

"As for Surrey, I question 
their lack of success. A county 
with their ability and with two 
fast bowlers in Darke and Gray, 
fit and raring to go through 

matches, and although that do what they want them to do, resung a^tematdy, ^tould win 
httiwviri »c but their asset is thai they can trophies, he said. But i think 

- helped us perhaps against 
Essex in the other games it has 

* meant we weren't able to go 

1 for maximum bonus points. 
" and we've twice had to chase 
: virtually impossible targets. 

“Teams have taken advan- 
tage of our position. They 
know that we have got to keep 
: going, so as soon as we get in a 
■■ few blows they pul everyone 

2 back on the ropes and wait for 

- us to hit the ball in the air.” 

Graveney, however, is a 
: long way from conceding, but 

• - Gloucestershire's situation is 
;. bordering on the hopeless and 

takes some consolation from 
: the thought that the British 
weather may make nonsense 
r of all calculations. 

“What we want is to have a 
■ lead of more than 16 points 
when we’ve finished our pro- 
gramme so that Essex just 

- can’t win it by getting maxi- 
;■ mum bonus points from their 

games in hand. They will have 
_ to win one of them which will 
: put a bit- more pressure on 
' them." 

. But he knows that Essex's 
ability under pressure is one of 

not only bowl teams out when 
it’s turning, but they have 
people who can bat on spin- 
ning wickets, too. 

If pressed. Graveney would 
undoubtedly select Fletcher as 
the key individual in Essex's 
team, not only for bis batting 
but for his influence and 
tactical acumen, whether as 
acting captain when Gooch is 
on test duty, or as the resident 
sage and advisor when Gooch 
is present. 

Championship table 

Surrey will beat Gloucestershire 
at the Oval next week. I expect 
Clarke to bowl at them like he 
did against Lancashire in the ' 
NatWest semi- final. And, of 
course, the Surrey captain, Pat 
Pocock. is still a fine bowler." 

Fletcher attributes much of 
the success Essex have had this 
season to their bowlers. "Essex 
are one of the few counties to 
have an all-English attack. We 
have three Test oowlers and two 
good spinners but we may. 
strengthen our attack farther 

the squad. 

• David Gower returns from 
Test duty to captain 
Leicestershir against Derbyshire 
today. Gower is added to. the 
side who have just played 
Northamptonshire. Prospects of 
the match starting on time will 
depend .on a morning inspec- 
tion. The outfield is still under 
water in some areas. 

title race 
rained off 

Because of rain yesterday, no 
play was possible in the Britan- 
nic Assurance county 
championship, and all eight 
matches were abandoned as a 
draw. It was the second time this 
season that a day in the 
championship pro gr amme had 
been lost to bad weather. 

Glouce s te rshire : Worcestershire 
(at Bristol, starting today) Surrey 
(Oval, Sept 3), Essex: Somerset (at 
Taunton, today): Kent (Fo&estone. 
August 30): Nottinghamshire (Trent 
Bridge, Sept 10): Oamorgan 
ICheimsfordL Sept 13) Surrey: 
Glamorgan (at Swansea, today): 
Gloucestershire (Oval, Sept 3k 
Leicestershire (Oval. Sept 131 
H am p shir e : Northamptonshire (ax 
Northampton, today); Derbyshire 
(Derby, August 30); Sussex (Hove, 
Sept 10); Lancashire 
(Southampton, Sept 13) Not- 
ting hrans h fc Kent (at Trent Bridge, 
today); Sussex (Hove, -August 30); 
Glamorgan (Cardiff, Sept 3k Essex 
(Trent Bridge, Sept IQ): North- 
amptonshire (Trent Bridge, Sept 13) 

No play yesterday 

CHELMSFORD: Essex 222; Surrey 166 Jar 
7(G S Oman 55. BOWUNG: Lever 104- 
JW); FtetW 1&H7-1; AcWd 21-539-U 
Pringia 4-1-104: Childs 26-9-62-4). Match 
drawn. Essex 5pts, Surrey 5. 

CABHFfi Gtemoraan 157 (or HI Denick 
52. BOWUNG: AUenran 30-12-414: 
Efison 25.1-6-50-1; Perm. tt-1-89-1; 
Underwood 24-14-24-2; Tovare 1-144. 
Match drawn. (Samoraan lot. Kant 3. 
BOURNEMOUTH: Yoriahre 212: Haras- 
shim 58 tor 4 (BOWLING: Dennis 644- 
19-3; P J Hartay 8-1474: Hatcher 8-3- 
tefc 2-1-14). 


104: Cant* 

MaKh drawn. 


GkmcstS) 22 
Essex# » 
Surrey (H) 21 

wares (5) 21 

Hampshire (2) 20 
Leics( 16 ) • 21 
Notts (8) 19 

Yorkshra (11)22 

Norttantsp 0)20 
Kent (9) 20 

DerbysHg) 20 
Sussex (7) 21 

Warwicks (15)20 
Lancs (14) 21 

Somerset (17) 19 
Middlesex tl) 21 
Glam (12} 20 

L D BtBwi PS 

3 10.45 60 249 

5 749 62 239 

6 8 46 62 222 

5 11 46 63 189 

4 11 45 63 188 

6 10 49 58-187 
2 12 46 60 186 

4 14 59 55 186 

2 13 46 51 177 

5 It 37 64 165 
4 12 34 62 160 

7 10 37 49 150 

3 14 48 43 139 

4 14 40 45 133 
3 13 46 38 132 
9 10 39 59 130 

6 14 S3 41 90 

I9te positions In brackets 
Yorkshire total indudes eight points lor 
drawn match bt which scores iMshed 

Hampshi re 4p s. Yoriaftka 3. 
OUTRAJTORD: GJoucestors/iirB 354 for 
8 dec (P Bambridge 98. J W Lloyds 76 not 
out, KP Tomans 59): Lancashire 93 for 1 

? 3D Mends 61 not out BOWUNG: Wttfsh 
0-4-25-0; Lawranee 11 -0-47-0; Graveney 
11-4-19-1). Match drawn. Lancashire 
2pt s. Gtouce starsfrire 4. 

LEICESTER: Leicestershire 367 tor 9 dee 
(R A Cobb 91, W K R Banter*! 57 not out. 
J J maker 51; N 6 6 Cook 4 tor 69} v 
Northamptonshire. Match drawn. 
Lafcwtesnire 3cta. Nort ha mp t onshire 2. 
TRB*t bridge: Derbyshire 275 (K J 
Barnett 77; E £ Hammings 5 tor 1071 
78 ttr l fBOWUNG: 

1 7-3-20-1 ;Dnrm 3-1 -8-0: Warner 
I SW-43-& MBer 8-3-17-0). 

Derbyshire 3. 

HOVE: Mid* 

Fletcher, bowlers vital 

Nottinghamshire Sptfl, 

Middlesex 284 for 6 (R O Butcher 
60. KRSrdpm 60. BOWUNG: Jones 12-0- 
27-1: le Roux 20-5-58-0; Imran 17-3-47-1; 
PtaOtt 21 .3-0-01 -4: C M Weis 204-15-0; 
Green 6-2-9-0). Match drawn. Sussex 
2pts, Middtesex 3. . 

WORCESTER: WararicksNra 215 tor 7 
(BOWLING: Radford 22-1-80-2; Prldgeon 
14-2-35-1; Newport 19-2-64-3; McEwan 
13-6-24-1) v Utarcestorshire. Match 
drawn. Vwsreesterefe&ie Spta, wansfcto- 
sNrs 2. ©®s?al cornelian: Warwidcsfxre 
first innings: K J Kerr not out 6. G J 
Parsons c and b Radfanf 9. 


Handsome Wentjj 
can win a traffic * 
lane all to himself 

From Pat Botcher, Athletics Correspondent, Stuttgart 

Wentz carries the world on his shoulders against Thompson 


Harmony among list of 
stormy sea casualties 

Winds of up to 40 knots 
decimated the Burnham Week 
fleet for the fourth race (a 
Special Correspondent writes). 
There was no racing for the 
dinghy classes because of the 
atrocious weather conditions. 
Among the casualties was Peter 
Dyer's Harmony which broke 
it's mast shortly after the start. 
She is at the moment winning 
class three with three first 

Bten (A Q Monctenk 2. Purslane (A 
HaastevV 3, SquaJus (C Thresh). Clan 
■dm: 1. Wardance (P C Wood) Z CapeBa 
Thunder (G 



HoolMaa3& 1, Coquette (C Briscoe) 
Scintilla II (J Mallard): 3, Accelerando (R 
Chadney) Sonaiaa: 1. Bluebird (R J 
WHlarru); 2, Cadenza (J Frtnr); 3. OuiQt Air 
~ ~ A j OwereL RobtaiK 1. Randy Robber 

T Leaf (M L Currie); 3. 
iw(p Cooper). OregdnaE 1 . Avalenche 
IV (TGWvle); 2. Spindrift (GC Harrison); 
3. water Rat 0 C Ratnsoe). SMk 1. 
Shade [Mrs R Prior); 2. Yestwday (P D 
Kyle): 3. Stariox (p G Tribe). Squbra 1. 
RojoiJ C STtidwr); 2, Gaqpette(J 
3, One Touenpaper (T 


Marimba (Peter Marcfaant), Sandhoppera: 1/ G wa n iaeaan (W L 
leader of the Sonata class, also wg^Sandy(AS^pmii):a.SundBnce 

suffered a dramatic dis-masting. 

Some of the class one boats were 
seen beating to windward under 
jib only with their mainsails 

John and Bridget Watkin- 
son’s Speak Easy ui class two 
finished second having set a 
trisail for the latter half of the 
course. She ripped her mai n sail 
while considerably in the lead. 


Backlash (T . Herrin# 2, Sidewinder (j 
Oswald): 3. Russtlra(R Smith). Ctmtsrae 
1. Erotic Bear (L Baker): 2. Speak Easy (D 
WaBiinson): 3. Befleropbon of Meraea (R 
Aspmall). Clan three 1. Hullabaloo to 
Evans). 2. Local Here H (R J Beales): 3, 

ImpultefJ Mums). Ctaes toon I.LoraH 
(A StaeQ: 2. Cheetah of Burnham (A H 
broker): 3, Bolero (0 Adarto. Clan five: 

1, first Knight (R Sutton); 2. Lynx (H J 
Tribe): 3. ETfE T Alan). Cum sue 1, Sea 
Beagle (M Hernmingway): 2, Meniss (S 
Adams): 3. Chimp (j Leggett). Class 

seven: 1, FtoshpoW (R B Crawtey): 2. _ . .. 

Charorna (P N James); 3, Easy Option (D R qjal Torbay Y< 
N Chamberlain). Class eight 1, Ca Vo 3. Rryal Torbay 

(8 Evans). 

• The Bank Holiday weather 
continued in Torbay yesterday 
with competitors once again 
braving a force 7 to 8 west- 
north -westerly in the second 
race of the Champagne Mumm 
Admiral's Gup and 
Commodore's -Cup 
While container ships and car 
ferries sheltered from the even 
more severe weather outside the 
bay, the fleet suffered several 
ripped sails, 

RESULTS Charapsnra Mumm AdmhaTa 
CupOORk 1. Anoryffis (BflNC): 2. Street 
Legal (P Deschampsk 3, Musketeer (M 
MarshaA&R Beswicki Channel Handicap 
Class: 1, Stock Adder (C Jacobs): 2, 
BHm CManri Ranoul (R MacDonald): 3, 
The Fhrira fish (DHopidna). Team KHcl. 
Royal Western Yacht CM3 A Team; S 
'points; 2. Stoma 33 Class Association A. 
21; 3. Royal Naval SaBng Association, 
33.75. Chwmei Handicap teem points: 1. 
Royal Southern Yacht Qub. 18 points; 2, 
' Yacht CU> A Team. 39.75; 
YacM Oub D Team, 4& 

If tiiere is an empty lane in the 
decathaJon 100 metres at five, 
pass nine this rooming, v* will 
know that the . train bringing 
Siggi Wentz, the latest West 
German bone, to beat Daley 
Thompson from the athletes’ 
village to the stadium, has 

broken down. . 

Although be points out the 
logic of a 2 S-tninhte train ride 
when the official athletes' bus is 
likely to get caught up in one of 
Stuttgart's notorious traffic 
jams, the use of public transport 
to get to what could he the most 
important decathtoo-'of his life 
seems like another example of 
the casual attitude which has 
made Wentz the darling of the 
German public and the despera- 
tion of the West German athlet- 
ics officials. 

Two years ago, Wentz was 
thundering round the famous 
NOrbmgring, after an im- 
promptu decision to enter a 
saloon car race, when he cor- 
nered too fast, causing the car to 
somersault 200 metres down the 
track. Cameras fanned in to 
record the gorey scene. But 
Wentz emaged unscathed, 
calmly lit a cigarette, and smiled 
for the camerasLApoplectic 
athletics officials wanted to ban 
him but the thought of losing an 
Olympic medal was an even 
worse proposition. Wentz won 
the bronze behind Daley 
Thompson and the inevitable 
Jurgen Hingsen. 

Another demoralizing defeat 
by Thompson, and a flood of 
criticism when be lost the West 
German team their most im- 
portant match against East Ger- 
many by dropping out after the 
first event, the 100 metres, last 
year seem to have affected 

Wentz beat him for the first 
time this year, with a score of 
8.590 points, bettered only by 
Thompson's two decathlons this 
season. Wolfgang Bergmann, 
the West German national coa- 
ch, admitted last weekend that 

With the leading East Ger- 
man, Uwe Frcimulh, admitting 
surprise that he wai-citeq se- 
lected. so poor is his forth, (hat 
makes Wentz the pnwapa] 
opponent for Thompsons the 
British double Olympic cham- 
pion and world record holder 
admitted as much.hoqsdf fat 
West German teJemiou last 
Sunday, but not before- »sti%. 

his inimitable' rtisuttS' dt L tbe trio 

of ideal opponents. ' 

The darkly handsomr Wentz 
is unmoved ' by Thompson's 
insults. They are better friends 
out of the arena than Thompson 
ever was with Hingsen; And 
Wentz is tryinga ritipurfogic to 
the problem of beating Thomp- 
son that he Imrag&Oo ho 
journey to the stadium. "! am 
not going to- make -the same 
mistake as Hiogscn, apd try to 
compete against. Thompson in 
every event. Than are- some hi 
which be is efeady better than 
me. and I am not gp&g to 
overstretch myself hi frying to 
-match him. D&Iey competes 
against himself and that' is whai 
I do too." 

Wentz has taken six months 
off his medical studies in’Maitiz 
to prepare for these virtual 
home-town champroiatnito —be 
was bom in neighbouring 
Rdthenbach — and has: made 
significant improvements' in his 
long jump and hurdles.'. But his 
height gives the Me advantage 
that he has over Thompson in 
tire, javelin, one of the second 
day events, and he fads capable 
of a grandstand finish in the last 
event, the 1500 metres, at which 
be is already better than 

“If I am within 200 points, 
better still, 150, ofThompsonat 
the end of the first day, Tve got a 
good ctance. of heating; ham” 

Unlikely as it seems, in tKe light 
of Thompson's amazing 
competitive record, if Wentz 
does knock Thompson off his 

Hingsen is probably only the* pedestal the ritizens of Stuttgart 
national number three now, also would probably grant hun a 
hohinri ttw veteran, Guido traffic lane all of his com to 

behind the 

speed along: 


Men ... 

loan jurat Hvm In bk*i test qu&tfy tor 

semi-final plus text fastest owe®: Krat 

1: 1. A W«b(GB). 10.31 sec; 2. A RlditeC 
(Fr). 1038; 3. C Haas fWG). 1038: 4, V 
Muravyov (USSR). 1039: 5. E S#flB (Wort. 
1 085.IL l*Ms Cutes (Pwtuai01O>4. f. 
Arts Cato) (Mate) n.56. Hut £ 1, S 
Bringnum CEG)Tl(L34; 2. M Ytetmanov 
(USSR). 1038; 3b A Barger (Austria! 
1050:4, A Uta fit). 1054: 5." Tatar (HuS 
1060:6. PAgaritohoPort). 1075. Haalf 

1. A Kovaca (Hunt 1032: 2. T SchriMar 

(EG). 1033:3. J Basra (WtaJ, 1036: 4. Q 

Quarnterve (FJ. 1056 : 5 . L 




: 4, C Strain CQrt' 

I| 7, Im BubcjMM (Uwcn^, 

1057; 6. A 



(Dan), 1085;' M Woroain (Mdd not 
finish. Hut* 1 ,V Bryagin (UsSt). 

!to 1,-VBmtei 

2. J J Areuss (SpL 1«1<M; S M 
raai 1048:4, MStfechtoMO 
Mara (Austria), lOffiB; 6. O I 
Woi), 10807, PSnotMvAa). 1080 Maat 
& 1. L Christie {G8), lb55c2, B Marie- 


lOisttonien I 

Christie JOB), 
Ron (Ff). 1029: 3, - 

fl Desruetos (BeQ, 

live in each teenju**y tor 

ptos Sanrarl M'aext fastest 

await Heat r. 1, -1 Aueriprald (EG). 

ll.l5eec; 2, A fafatte * 

Oakae (G8) 1130 4. IStoter (USSR) 
OTBfc (Rr). IlitOU Sarwl 
11.55: 7. V Wwlhmteer (Swltd 
11 JE: 8 LMOertw(NMf 0 1135. Heat 2t 1, 
M^6hr (EG) 11 J8; £ E Vte er (Nett) 

1130 OAfifiatobdito (USSR) 113 ^ 4 . 

P Dunn fflB) 1131; 5, R Maetz (WQ, 

11 J8f6, J JaaatofPol) X4M,WQaam 

mi 130 ; 8 . SkteStenen .ffH tun. 

Haets 1; N Oooraan (Nath) 11.12 2. S 

1138; 4, 0 Sototwytra (USSR) TLMfc 5. 
s vmnahar IQB) 1131; fi, N Gtwreiwa 
(Bui) 1 1 ^6; 7 SOben (Nor) 1130 8, L 
MoaBar (Sure) 1434. -• 


At times BST 


04& Women’s dtocua 

Today ■ ■ 

430 Man's 20kTH wak 
630 Women's long Jump 
015: Men's javefin . 

7.10: Women's 100 metres 
730: Men's 100 meeea 

5.1& VMamairs hfgli Jamp 
54ft Wbmento '400 metres . 

530: Men's Shot - 

63ft Men's 000 metres 

64ft Women's 800 metres 

73ft Women's 3LOOO 1 

740: Men's 400 metres hurtles 

t-Otfc Men's decathlon ends (1,500 


is trying to eradicate 

By John Goodbody 

Drug-taking has been the 
scouige of juodern sporL It 
almost certainly caused .the 
death of Tommy Simpson, 
Britain’s most successful cyclist, 
in the 1967 Tour de France, and 
has also damaged the health of 
many outstanding competitors. 
Drug-Making is also blatant 
cheating because it gives one 
person an unquestioned advan- 
e over another, 
behind the derision of the 
Test and County Cricket Board 
to interview Viv Richards, the 
West Indian and Somerset bats- 
man, over his refusal to undergo 
a drug test in a county match 
against Gloucestershire six 
weeks ago, lies an important 

Britain has tried to rid itself of 
drug-taking in sport and has 
taken a lead in random testing. 
So strongly do the Government 
and the _ Sports Council feel 
about eliminating . the {Hague 
that this year they have paid all 
the costs, £205,000, for testing 
with an additional £100,000 for 
the updating of equipment. 

This year 64 people have been 
tested in cricket out of a total of 
3.500 British sportsmen and 
women: 5,000 people are sched- 

uled to be examined in 1987. 
Over the last year 16 people 
have been found positive in 
sports ranging from cycling to 
powerlifting, although some 
were positive in extenuating 
circumstances. The Sports 
Council .have said that any 
governing body refusing to sub- 
mit to dope-testing would have 
their government grant with- 
drawn for national squad train- 
ing weekends and foreign travel. 
The TCCB, being the body of a 
fully professional sport, do not 
get a government grant, . al- 
though the Cricket Council who 
are responsible for all levels of 
the game received £109^57 this 
year. ‘ 

Testing in cricket is random 
and this season it has been 
carried out with 16 different 
players at four separate matches, 
giving urine samples on four 
occasions. The drugs banned by 
the Sports Council follow the list 
of the International Olympic 
Committee and includes narcot- 
ics, analgesics (strong pain- 
killers), stimulant drugs which 
can momentarily improve 
performance, and anabolic ste- 
roids; which help' athletes to 
.recover more quickly from 

intensive exercise and add mus- 
cle weight. 

Although steroids might have 
limited use for cricketers, some 
stimulant drags could aid a 
player’s concentration ,and 

The Sports Council also test 
. for some drugs that can be used 
socially — like heroin and 
cocaine — and which could 
enhance sporting performances. 
However, the testers do not look 
for marquana during their ' 
examination. Ian Botham, 
Richards’ county colleague, who 
was suspended from first class 
cricket this you- for two months 
after admitting to smoking 
marijuana, would never have 
been found positive in a dope 
test. A spokeswoman for the 
Sports Council said yesterday: 
"The TCCB have not asked us 
to look for marijuana." 

The testing is carried out 
without prior notice in most 
cases, and is under strict medi- 
cal, supervision. Sportsmen and 
women have to declare any 
medication they' have taken 
over the previous three days and 
then give a urine sample which 
is divided between two- num- 

bered bottles. These sone signed 
and sealed. 

One bottle is analysed at the 
Drug Control Centre at Chelsea 
College under the direction of 
Professor Arnold Beckett and 
Dr David . Cowan; : whose 
pioneering work on drug detec- 
tion has been internationally 

If the testis positive, foe other 
bottle is then separately -exam- 
ined .in the 'presence -of the 
competitor or player and his 
representative or doctor. If frtis 
also proves positive then tbe 
governing bod} is informed. 
Refusing to be tested is consid- 
ered as though the urine. gave a 
positive test. 

The latest example of a Bptoo . 
being found positive came ai the 
recent Commonwealth Games 
. when Robin McDonald, a Scot- 
tish shooter, was found positive 
because he had taken bca- 
Wockere. McDonald had been 
prescribed the medicaraentfor a 
heart condition, but he did not 
declare this on his form ahd was 
disqualified from the free pistol 
event, the fust' Briton ever to be 
guilty in any ■ sport al the 
Olympic 1 “ 


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Today’s television and radio progranunes and Elizabeth Larard 

M CaefaxAM 

Breakfast Time with FranK 
Bough and Debbie 
Greenwood. Weather at 
% &5S. 7.25, 7fSS. &25 and 

SJH: regional news. 

- weather and traffic at 6.57. 
7X1. 1ST and IL27; 
national and international 
news at 7.00, 7*30. 8.00. 
830 and 9.0Ch sport at 
7.20 and &20: and a 
review of the morning 
newspapers at M7. Plus. 
Dr Richard Smith's phone- 
at medical advice. Steve 
BlackneU's Summertime 

. . Special at 5L04. 

(20 Laurel and Hardy. Cartoon 
92S SBas. Adventure 
' serial about a young man 
who runs away from a 
circus. (r) 

L50 Nawsround Special 

Phillip Schofield, touring 
England's south coast 
fnefades a special report 
from Brownsea Island, the 
scout movement's first 
campsite. SL55 The 
■ Adventures of Buihvinkle 
and Rocky. Part Three, (r) 

008 Hatlbeat Anew approach 

. to art with Tony Hah 
Gabrietie Bradshaw and 

a ; *v 

CoBn Bennett, featuring 
- floating sculptures, 

. - parachutes and hot air 
' baHoons. tap dancing and 
• • Morph, (r) 10.25 The 
’>■ Adventures of Bulfwfnkle 
and Rocky. Part four, (r) 

, 1020 Play School. . 

. >220 Charter. Surrnder Kochar 
, presents another selection 
of Eastern music. 

> . ‘ " Performing today are Shiv 
Kumar Sharma, fmtiaz and 
- Riaz AH Khan. Kajal 

Banerjee. Raj Kumar Rizvi 
and Indira Bora 11.15 
.■ ceetax 

12.40 XIV European Athletics 
T Championships. 

; introduced by Desmond 

' Lvnam. 

126 News After Noon wtth 
Frances Coverdale and 
•• • Sue Carpenter. Includes 
. news headlines with 
subtitles 125 Regional 
news. Weather. 125 
r. ' Chocfc-a-Block. A See- 

■ Saw programme for the 1 
very young, (rj 

* -1.45 Sign Extra. A repeat of 
Sunday's feature about 
young people of 
„ achievement with sign 
language and subtitles, (r) 
2.1S Ceetax 
.Songs of Praise. From 
Sidmouth. Devonshire, (r) 
(Ceefax) 423 Regional 

42s Wait Tffl Your Father Gets 
Home. Harry is bemused 
by his lazy son Chet's 
. musical success. 4.45 

1 Heidi. With.the spring 


.'Heidi and her grai 
have returned to their 
mountain home, and Klara 
arrives with her 
grandmother, (r) 5.1D 
Fame. More dramas 
- involving the students and 
r~' ■ ' 'staff of Mew York's School 

.'2' for the Performing Arts, (r) 

: _i 620 "News with Sue Lawley and 
. -T r-r'i Nicholas Witctieli. 

' -Weather, : 

London Plus. 

720. Wogan Among Terry 
Vl/ogan's guest are 

^American singer and 
writer Paul Simon: actor 
Richard Todd: actress Jan 
Harvey from Howards' 
Way: and Lady Longford. 
Music Is provided by the 
Haywood sin 


T S' 

s J 



Haywood singmg group. 
r . ^ 7.40 Sharon and Elsie. 

. Domestic comedy series. 

.. <r) 

- xr- 8.10 Dallas (Ceefax) 

920 News with Julia Somerville 
and John Humphrys. 
Regional news and 

920 The Black and White 
Madia Show. A 

continuation of Sunday's 
documentary about 
television's influence on 
; people's attitudes towards 
racial minorities. (See • 

- Choice) (Ceefax). . 

1020 XIV European Athletics 

Desmond Lvnam wtth 
highlights of the day's 
. events. 

-1120 John Denver. Part Two of 
a concert recorded in 

singer' a world tour. 

12 .10 Weather. 

tv-am v 

6.15 Good Morning Britain 
presented by Anne 
Diamond and Adrian 
Brown, with guests 
Sandra Dickinson and 
Peter Davison. News with 
Geoff Meade 6.30. 7.00, 
720. 8.00, B20 and 9.00; 
sport at 620 and 7.40: 
exercises at 625; cartoon 
at 725: pop music at 725; 
Gyles Brandreth with 
British Classics at 82$. 

8.45 Wacadey presented by' 
Timmy MalletL with 
interviews, games, 
competitions and 


925 Thames news followed 

Survival: An exploration 
Studland Heath. 1.500 
acres of lakes, marsh and 
woodland on the Dorset 
Coast (r) 920 Mika. 1020 
Images of Istanbul: 
Gateway to the Orient 

1025 Fireball XL5." Adventures 

in 1120 The 
' s Cartoon 

Wuzzles Cartoon 1125 
Wattoo Wattoo Cartoon 

1120 About Britain. David Bean 
interviews the Baines 
family of Douglas. Isle of 
Man. about the family's 

11220 The Little Green Man. The 
experiences of a visitor 
from outer space, (r) 12.10 
Our Backyard, (r) 

[1220 Hair. Trevor Serbia 

demonstrates hair care for 
men. (r) 

1.00 News 120 Thames news. 
1.30 Man in a Suitcase. 
Another mystery for 

2.30 Massage. Canola 

Beresford-Cooke is joined 
by osteopath and masseur 
Guy Ogden, who 
demonstrates how to treat 
sports injuries and 
strained backs; Carols 
explains the benefit of .. 
dancing and exercise 3.00 
Take the High Road. 

Drama serial set in the 
Scottish highlands 325 
Thames news headlines 
320 Sons and Daughters 
420 The Little Green Man. A 

repeat of the programme 


shown at noon. 4.10 The 
Moomms. Cartoon series. 


T-Bag Strikes Again, 
first of a new senes in 


which T-bag. a wicked 
sorceress, upsets the folk a 
of a storybook village by 
stealing the numbers from 
their village clock. Heroine 
Debbie transports herself 
into the story-book to help 
the villagers. 4.45 
Razzmatazz. Pop music 

5.1S Blockbusters. General 
knowledge quiz show for 

5.45 News 6.00 Thames News. 
625 What Ifs Worth. 

Consumer advice from 
Penny Junor and David 

6.35 Crossroads. 

7.00 European Athletics 
Championships. Jim 
Rosenthal introduces' live . 
coverage from Stuttgart 

720 Coronation Street. 


828 Robbins. Comedy with 
Ted Robbins. 

820 Rock Around the Dock. 
Pop music show with Gary 

9.00 Viewpoint 86: Interest the 
Boy 'm Nature. A 
documentary about the life 
of Sir Peter Scott, 
including interviews with 
The Duke of Edinburgh, 

Sir David Attenborough, 
Professor Konrad Lorenz 
and Gerald DurreJI. 

1020 News at Ten. Weather, 
followed by Thames news 

10.30 European Athletics 
Championships. Jim 
Rosenthal with Uighlic 

th highlights 
of the day's events. 


11.00 Mickey (>plHane's Mike 
Hammer starring Stacy 
Keach. A footballer is 
murdered. Which of the 
60,000 spectators killed 
him? * 

1220 World Chess 

Championship. Kasparov 

v Karpov. Close of play 

1220 Night Thoughts 

ays Antoni 
Salieri rn THE MOZART 
INQUEST (BBC2. 925pm), 

"an admirer of Mozart : Jealous 
of him ? I should say that he 
would be jealous of me 'V Titters 
from those in the public 
gallery who know batter because 
they have seen Peter 
Shaffer's Amadeus. In Martin 
Thompson's investigation 
into Mozart’s death - did he die 
of natural causes, or was he 


when) was tn a fit of 
sickness, I might have said I 

poisoned him. No. says 


got rid of? -we are knee-deep in 

based conjecture. Kidney 

failure brought on by rheum; 
fevBr. conclu 

Idaferia Hofdemef whose 
rnd killed himself after 
to kill her.) was not 

irfs lover. No, says • 

Mozart's widow Constanze, our 
lodger (leading suspect 
among the Mozart-was- 
murdered lobby) was not my 
lover, and was not the father of 
my last child. Was ever an 

guess it), tricks' us into 
believing that it alt actually 

•Television comedy and 
drama having been gone over 
with a fine-tooth comb last 

Sunday for signs of racism, THE 

Sir Peter Scott: Viewpoint 86. on 
I TV at 9.00pm 

ludes the family 
doctor. But suspicions of murder 
by poisoning are thrown 
about Oka paper darts. No. says 
the doctor.l aid not consider 
the possibility of poison when \ 

wrote “severe fever and 
rash" on the death certificate. No, 
says Salieri, I did not confess 
to murdering Mozart although 

inquest jury fed such a rich 
banquet ofd 

banquet of drama ? Of course 
not This is all make-believe. But 
the way the 15th century 
characters (played with 
astounding conviction by a 
fine bunch of professional 
actors) cope with the 
interrogation of genuine 20th . 
century barristers (amateur 
actors, though you would not 


SHOW (BBC1, 9.30pm) now 
applies the same degree of 
dose scrutiny to news and 
current affairs on the small 
screen, and two programmes in 
particular. Panorama and TV 
Eye. come in tor a trouncing - not 
so much from blacks or 
Asians, though, as from the head 
of media studies at London 
University , a white man. who 

identifies underlying alarmism 
0 calls “ genteel 

and what he callL 

racism" . Can bias ever be 
justified on television ? Yes. he 
says - but only when that bias 
is in favour of anti-racism. 

Peter DavaUe 

BBC 2 

625 Open University. Living 
vimh Past Technology. 
Ends at 720. 

9.00 Ceefax 
12-45 Resource Utilization. How 
industries can be run more 

economically. 1.10 Mental 
a. Mov 

Handicap- Moving On: 
easing the transition from 
hospitals into the 
community. 1 25 The 
Physics of Matter. A study 
of elasticity. 2.00 Ceefax 
420 XIV European Athletics 
Championships. Desmond 
Lynam introduces 
coverage of the Men's 20- 
kifometre walk: Women's 
and Men's 100-metres 
Semi-Finals; Men's 800- 
metres Semi-Finals; 

Women's Long Jump; 

tin; Women's 

Men's Javelin; women's 
100-metres Final; Men's 
100-metres Final. 

820 Sweat of the Sim, Tears 
of the Moon. In the final 
part of his series on 
aspects of South 

American society Jack 

islts Colombia and 

Pine y visits 

talks to President Belisaria 
Betancur. who during his 
four-year office, did so 
much to end the country’s 
corruption and political 

920 M*A*S*H.ThesutHectof 
this week's episode is 
Kim. a five-year-old 
Korean boy who is 
brought to the camp, . 
having lost his parents in 
the war. Everyone wants 
to take care of him while a 
permanent guardian is 
found, but the camp 
proves a dangerous place 
in which to keep a small 
boy. (r) 

Screenplay: The Mozart 
Inquest (See Choice) 

10.50 Newsitight The latest 
national and international 
news including extended 
coverage of one of the 
main stones of the day. 

With Peter Snow. Donald 
MacCormick and Olivia 
O'Leary. 11 25 Weather 
11.40 Open University. An Exam 
for all Reasons: The 
issues surrounding the 
new GCSE examination. 

(r) 12.05 The Paris 
Pantheon: The history and 
architecture-of the church * 
of St Genevieve, (r) Ends 
at 1225 


Kate Fahy as Constanze Mozart’ 
The Mozart Inquest (on BBC2, 
at 925pm) 


225 RbiU 

Film: My Son, My ! 
(1940) starring Mac 
Carroll. Brian Ahen 

BrtarfAheme and 
Louis Hayward. A drama 
based on Howard Spring's 
best-selling novel. - 
O’ Absalom, about a man's 
self-sacrifice tor his 
unworthy son, who grows 
up to be a thief and liar. 
Directed by Charles Vidor. 

420 European Athletics 

Coverage of the 
decathlon; finals of the 
men's 20-kik>metre walk; 
the men's javelin: and the 
women's long jump. 

7.00 Channel 4 News. 

7-50 Comment With her views 
on a topical issue is Phyllis 
Wiilmott, writer arid former 
social worker. Weather 

820 Changing Times. The third 
in Denis Mitchell's series 
about museums looks at 
the Somerset Rural Life 
Museum, at Glastonbury, 
the centre of which is the 
Abbey Bam, once used by 
Glastonbury Abbey. The 
museum keeps geese, 
hens and sheep around 
the courtyard, and in the 
summer there are 
demonstrations and 
displays of crafts and 
skills, such as Somerset 

820 Opinions: Triumph of 
Capitalism. The third 

programme of the series 

lich leadinc 

economists and political 

ana | 

theorists give their views 
on modem capitalism. 
This week Walter Wriston, 
Chairman of President 
Reagan's Economic 
Advisory Board, praises 
the advance of 

communications which, he 
says, gives the consumer 
freedom and individual 
choice and which wHI act 
as a liberating and 
democratic force. 

920 Three Sovereigns for 
Sarah. Part two of Vic 
Pisano's three-part drama 
series a bout the Salem 
Witch Trials in America. 
Stam'ng Vanessa 
Redgrave and Patrick 
McGoohan. (Oracle). 
[1020 Lot’s Face It Two years 
ago Christine Piff. a 
(tinner face cancer . 
patient, started a self-help 
network tor people with 
facial disfigurement 
Tonight two members of 
the network, Mike 
Aspefing whose face was 
reconstructed by plastic 
surgery and 12-year-old 
Matthew Learoyd. bom 
severely disfigured, tell 
their stories. 

10.45 Film: Land and Sons 

(1980) starring Sigurd ur 
ana Jo 

Sigurjonsson ana Jon 
Staurbjomsson. The first 
British showing of an 
Icelandic film about 
changing rural Die m a 
remote valley in Northern 
Iceland in the 1930s. 
Directed by Agust 
Gudmundsson. (English 

1225 Edtote Gold. Selections 
from Christopher Logua's 
anthology of poems m 
English.Tonight Llane 
Auxin reads three poems 
by women: The River 
Merchant's Wife, by Li Po; 
The Unwiffing Bride 

and My Father's 

(Anon); ana My i 
Eve by Beni vakata. Ends 


1 by E* 

220 . 

C Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. Stereo on VHF 

525 Shipping. 620 News briefing: 
Weather. 6.10 Farming. 

. 625 Prayer fs) 620 Today, 
ind 620. 720. 820 
News. 6.45 Business News. 

7.00 and 8.00 News. 725, 

825 Sport. 7.45 Thought 
for the Day. 

8.43 A Night to Remember 
(Part B). 827 Weather: 

9.00 News 

925 In the Psychiatrist's 
Chair. Dr Anthony Clare 
talks to Ray Honeyford. 
Bradford headmaster (r) 

9.40 Miss Dorothea's Artificial 
Soprano. Roy Johnston 
tails the story of the marnagi 
between an Irish girl and 
the Italian singer. Tend ucci. 

10.00 News: Picnics. Susan 
Marling visits Prussia 
Cove. Cornwall. 

1020 Morning Stay; Carved 
l by Leslie Halward. 

Eagle by 

Reader Hugh Dickson. 
1045 Daily Service (s) 

11.00 News: Travel: Hopping 
□own in Kent 

(stereo/bmaural) Memories 
ot hop-picking between 
the wars. 

11.48 Last Words. Clare 

Francis reveals to Ron 
Alklndge her three 'secrets 
of life . 

12.00 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice. 

1227 I’m Sorry. I Haven't A 
Clue How To Set Out A 
Cast List. Panel game (s) 

1.00 The World At One: News. 
1.40 The Archers. 

220 News; Woman's Hour. 
Includes an interview 
with the Nobel Prize-winning 
scientist. Professor 

News: The Afternoon 


Play. Southport Sunday 
by Roger Crawford. With 
Nioel Anthony and Eileen 

y and Eileen 
O'Brien in the cast (s) 

3.47 Letter From The Sticks. 
David Bean reports on 
rival life. 

4.00 News. 

425 Dancing A Hornpipe with 
Fetters. Suzanne Burden 
reads from the journals and 
letters of Fanny Kemble 

4.15 South-East Europe 
Journey. Julian Hale 
talks to doctors who are tor 
and against the national 
health system in Greece (r). 

4.45 Kaleidoscope Extra. 
Michael Oliver talks to 
author Mario Vargas Uosa. 

520 PM. News magazine. 

520 Shipping. 

620 News; Financial Report 

620 Trma Test Match. Wtth 

team captains Tim Rice 
wails r 

and wails Rush ton (s) 

7.00 News. 

7.05 The Archers. 

720 Sale In Our Hands? Clive 
Cook5on with a 
prognosis lor the NHS. 

7-45 Never the Sams Again. 
Jenni Mills traces critical 
periods m family life The 
problem ot having an 
aged mother-in-law 

8.15 An Ear tor a Good Tune. 
A celebration of the 
composer Eric Coates. 

9.00 Thiny-Mmirte Theatre, 
Maps by Simon 

Per&gnetti. With John 

Matshikiza and 
Christopher Asante in the 

920 A Night Out. Phil Smith 
on The Night of the 

Spangled G-sanng. 

rope, indudi 


9.45 Kaleidoscope, 
comment on Tom 
McNab's The Fast Man, and 
Designs for Interiors at 
the V and A 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime. 
Academic Year (3). Read 
by Michael Deacon. 

1020 The World Tonight. 

11.15 The Financial World 

1120 The Mischief Makers. (4) 
Aleister Crowley. 

1220 News: Weather. 

VHF (available in England and 

S. Wales only) as above except: 

525-6. 00am Weather: Travel. 

9.05-1020 Cats WMa^US- 

2.00pm Listening Comer. 
525 PM (continued). 1120- 
12.10am Open University. 

( Radio 3 

AH programmes are on VHF/FM 

and medium wave 
525 Open University. Open 
Forum, University 
Magazine. Until 825am 
'625 Weather. 7.00 News 
725 Concert Byrd (Laetentur 
coeli: Ave verum corpus). 
Purcell (Chacony in G minor). 
Tippett (Divertimento on 
SelKnger's Round), 
letesohn (Rondo 

capnccwso: Perahia. piano), 
Telemann (Cone 

. . icertoinD: 
Academy of St Martm-in- 
Fieids and solo 
instrumentalists). 820 News 
825 Concert (con Id): Virgil 
Thomson (The River 
sate), Ives (Memories: The 
arcus band. In the 
mootin' : Jan Degaetani, 
mezzo). Dvorak 
(American Suite: Op98bL 
920 News 

925 This Week's Composers: 

„ Coates and Edward 

German. Cuaies [Four 
Centuries suite: The 
Three Men suite: Saxo- 
Rhapsodyjwith Sigurd 
Rascner. alio sax). Goman 
(Dafiodvte a-biowing. with 
Fekcny Palmer, soprano) 

1020 Mozart Piano Trios: 
Pankan/Mifnej Fleming 
Trro. The trios in C. K 548 

and in G. K 564 

10.40 Frans Brugge n:recorder 
music by Jacob van 
Eyck. Luciano Berio 
11.00 Philip Jenkins (piano). 
Bach, transc Busoni 
(Chaconne. Partita in D 
minor. BWV 1004). Liszt 
(Maphisto Waltz No 1). 

Hallgnmsson (Four 
Icelandic folk songs) 

11.45 South West German 
Radio SO (under Bourt, 
with WoHqang Boettcher * 
(cello). Debussy (Poeme 
danse, and Jeux). Dutilleux 
(Tout un monde lomtamL 

Haydn (Symphony No 70). 
1.00 News 

125 The Essential Jazz 
Records: presented by 
Max Hamson. Includes 
Sarah Vaughan and 
Claude Thornhill's Orchestra 

120 Boccacao:Suppe's 
operetta. Excerpts, 
featuring Prey. 

Rothenberger. Moser 
and Berry 

220 Bach: arch Webern 
(Fugue. Rbcercare. 

Musical Oflenng), and 
Mahler 's Suite from 
orchestral works by J S Bach 

325 Rebecca Clarks, a 
selection of songs and 
instrumental pieces by the 
British composer. 

Performed by Pamcia Wright 
(soprano). Bradley 
Creswick (vtofin), Kathron 
Sturrock (piano), 
includes settings ol poems 
by Wilbam Blake and 
John Masefield 

4.00 Choral Evensong: from 
St George s Church. 

Hanover Square. London. 
425 News 

520 Midweek Choice: 

Bor ex) in (In the steppes 
of Central Asia), Haydn 
(String Trio in B fiat. Op 
53 No 2). Khachaturian 
(Piano Concerto in D flat: 
Altcia de Larrocha/ LPO). 
Rossink (Cuius Animam. 
Stabat Mater, with Pavarotti), 
Villa-Lobos (Bahchianas 
Brasileiras No 1). Lalo 
(Symphony in G minor) 

10.05 Barries' People III Alan 
Howard, Gerard Murphy 
and Norman Rodway m 
Peter Barnes's The 
Perfect Pair 

1020 Enc Coates: BBC 
Concert Orchestra 
(under Groves). London 
suite: also Three Bears 
phantasy. Damfcmsters 
march. Elizabeth of 
Glamis. and ballet music for 
Jester atthe Wedding 

11.440 A Reclaimed 

DuncanDruce's completion 
of Mozart's Allegro in F. 

K 560b. (or clannet. bass 
horn and stnng trio 
With Hacker. Schatzbergar, 
Standage. Trevor 
Jones, and Jennifer Ward 
Clarke. 1127 News. 

12.00 Closedown 

C Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. Stereo on 

News on the hour (except 
7.00pm VHF only). Sports Desks 
1.05pm. 2.02, 322, 422, 525, 
6.02, G-45 imf only). 925. CnchBt 

Scoreboard 7.Mpm. Tennis: 
US Open at 11.02pm, ' 

420am Cohn Bern 520 Ray 
Moore 720 Niqel Dempster 920 
Ken Bruce li.M Jimmy Young 
1.05pm Gerald Harper 2.05 Gloria 
Hunnriord 320 David Ha mil ion 
5.05 John Dunn incl European 
Ai hie tics Championships from 
Stuttgart (800m semi-finals and 
1 00m finals) 7.30 Folk on 2 820 
Jim McLeod (Scottish Dance Party) 
920 Listen to the Band 10.00 
Fletcher s 50. Cyril Fletcher chats 
to a live audience 10.15 Tony 
and StOd Swmgmasters 1020 Cut 
Off at the Fringe. Visit to the 
Fringe Club at the Edinburgh 
Festival 11-00 Bnan Matthew 
1.00am Bit) Remans 320-420 A 
Uttte Night Music. 

( Radio 1 ) 

7.00 Choral Vorces Cantamus 
Girls' Choir, with Rohan 
de Saram (cello and Kandyan 
drum). Works by Kodaly, 
Osborne. Brahms and 
Bartok (Mocking of 

720 Proms B6: BBC SO 
(under Peter Eotvos). 
with Faye Robinson 
(soprano). Part one. 
Jonathan Harvey (Madonna 
ol Winter and Spnng. 
with Pater Britton and Hugh 
Davies, synthesisers) 

825 Realising the Impossible: 
Pierre Boulez and others 
contribute to a programme 
about IRCAM at work 

825 Proms (continued): 

Messiaen ( Poemes pour 

920 Six Continents: foreign 
radio broadcasts, 
monitored by the BBC 

920 Proms (continued); 

Hamson Birtwistle (Earth 

520 Adnan John 7.00 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 9.30 
Simon Bates 11.00 Radio 1 
Roadshow with Mike Read in 
Swanage 12.30 News beat (with 
Frank Partridge] 12.45 Gary Davies 
3.00 Dave Lee Travis 5.30 

News be at (Frank Partridge) 5.45 
Bruno Brookes, incl at 620. 

Top 30 album chart 720 Jarnce 
Long 10.00-1220 John Peel. 
vhf Stereo Radios 14 2:- 4.00am 
As Radio 2. 7.00 Folk on 2. 


620 NflwsdBBk 620 Mantuan 7.00 News 
7.09 Twenty-Far Hours 720 Osvekip- 
ment 8S84M News 0.09 FtoflecunsILIS 
Classical Record Review S20 Braei Of 
Britain 1966 920 News 9.09 Review ol 

British Press 9.15 World Today 920 
' Ahead 945 A 

Financial News 840 Look „ 

Land ol Song 1020 News 1021 Oimteus 
1120 News 11-09 News About Britain 
11.15 On The Box 1125 A Letter From 
Wales 1120 Mention 1220 Ratio News- 
reel 12.15 Nalure Notebook 1225 Farm- 
ing Work) 12-45 Spots Roundup 120 
News 129 Twenty-Four Hours 120 
Development ‘66 Z00 Outlook 2A5 Re- 

porton Religion 320 Rado Newsreel 3.15 
blame Fundomema»5in 

— - - n-uw.. 320 Patterson 

4.00 News 4.09 Commen ta ry 4.15 Couv 
terpomt 5.45 Sports Rounduo 745 Good 
Books 620 News 829 Twenty-Four 
Hours 620 State ol Nation 920 News B21 
Network UK 9.15 Album Time 925 
Recording ot Week 10.00 News 1029 
World Today 1025 A Letter From Wales 
1020 Financial News KUO ReBecaons 
10.45 Sports Roundup 1120 News 1129 
Commentary 11.15 Good Books 1120 
Top Twenty 1220 News 1229 News 
About Britain 12.15 Rato Newsreel 1220 
Patterson 120 News 121 Outlook 120 
Waveguide 140 Book Choke 145 Piano 
Roll 220 News 229 Renew ol British 
Press 2.15 Network. UK 220 State erf the 
Nation 3.00 News 329 News About Britan 
3.15 Work) Today 445 Reflections 420 
Financial News 520 News 529 Twenty- 
Four Hours 545 World Today. AH times fn 

RRM WALES. 445-S3Spm 

Fame 525-820 Wales Today 

625-720 Bowls, (second semi-final 
of Welsh National Outdoor Singles Cham- 

pionships).. T2.10-1 2.1Sew News of 


kig Scottond . NORTHERN 

425445pm wtHiimm 



. Hexa.44S4L3SFame.52S- 
540 Sport S404L00 Inside Ulster. 
•25826 Ulster m Focus. 625-720 Wen- 
dy Austin appeals on behalf of Thom- 

as Doran Training Centre I2.10-I2.l5am 
ns- ENGLAND. 625- 

News HaadSnes. I 
720pm Regional news magazines. 

TS W As London except: 92Sam 

Sesame Street 1025 Short Sto- 
ry Theatre 1020-1120 Max the 
Mouse 1 Z20p«-1 20 Gardens tor AI 

1 20-230 Country Practice 5.1 6 Gui 

1 520245 Crossroads 620To- 


day South West 820-720 
Emmantale Farm 1120 Fteu Lawman 
1240am Postscript. CKnedcmm. 
CENTRAL AsLonctonencept 

925mn Robockxv 920 
(Nuzzles 10.16 jack HoSxxn 1040- 

1120 Roots Of Rock W Roll 1220pm- 

1.00 Ten Graen BotUes 120 News 
120-220 Hart to Hart 620 Crossroads 

625-720 News 1120 Rnu Lawmen 

1240«JoMnder 140 Closedown. 

S4C Starts: 1 -Often Dench' Days 
ttnnU 320 The Arabs 420 Gortewin 

Gwyn 420 Athtetks 720 Newyddkm 

Safth 720 Pa Le. Pa Fbdd 620 Parti 
Barti 820 Brawd a Chwar 9.15 
Brookside 10.10^ Three Sovereigns 

lor Sarah 11.10 CpWons: Triumph ol 

11.40 Commodties 


1240am Closedown. 



1030-1120 Te letiugs lZ30pm-l20 

T20 News 120 Nc 

Sea in Their Blood 120 News 120 Notti- 
l but the Best 220-220 Whose 
'330-420 Young Ooctore 5.15- 
the Questton 620 Channel 
Report 6.15625 FWx the Cat 1120 Lnv 
man 1240em Ckxndowa 

SCOTTISH As London ex- 

■ IQ** coptflHnm 1120 
Fton: Broken Arrow 1220pm-120 
Judi Goes on HoidBy 120 News 120- 

220 Country Prac tice 320 Drfferant 


5.15-545 Parlour Game I 
News and Scatfend Today 1120 
KHscapa 1120 Late Cal 1125 
Mann's Best Friends 1205nm 


Reports 920 Secret vafley 925 

cepc92Sam Granada 

About Britain 1020 Grwiada Re ports 

1025 Crown Green BohAs' 

1220 Granada Reports 1220pm-120 
Tan Green Bottles 120 Granada Re- 

ports 120 Crown Green Bowls 225-220 

Granada Reports 320-420 Short 

This ta Your Right 1120 
The Sweeney 1220 Mann's Best Friends 

1230am Closedown. 


man III 1020-1120 Wheels 

925am Making ot Super 
web 1220 pm- 

120 Whose Baby? 120-230 Country 
Practice 5.15-545 C 

i CareM Camera 

620-625 About Anglia 1120 Film: Law- 

1 1 ShaBAtv 

man 1240am I 
bar. Closedown. 

I Always Romem- 

As London ex- 
cept 925om Sosome 
Street 1026 Jacksons 1050-1120 

Cartoon 1230pm- 120 Glenroe 120 
120220 Tu 

News 130-230 Tucker’s Witch 620- 
825 News 1120 Fartu Lawman 1240am 


1025 Sesame Street 620pm-62S 
Wales ai Sol 

Starfbet 920 Hteywood1025 Short 
Story 1025-1120 Fob Tales 1230pm 
1.00 Lunchtime Live 120 News 120- 
230 Skig-o-Lorig-a-Max 820-535 
Calendar 1120 rtinv Lawman 
1240BHMLOO Music Box. 

border «SSS£SSS« 

102S Professor Kltzel 1025-1120 
Utucom Tales I220pm-120 Spkw of Life 
120 News 120-230 Country Prac^ 
tace 320-330 CouMry Ways 620-635 
Looks round 1120 Fflm: Lawman 
1* T»m Closedown. 

T\/C As London except 928am 
■!■■ ■= Sesame Street 1025-1100 

Tebbugs 1220pm-120Coasno 
Coast Fbopta 120 News 120 Nothing but 
the Best 220-220 Whose Baby? 
330420 Young Doctor* 5.15445 Pop 
the Question 520425( 

i Coa st to 
Coast llODFiton Lawman 1240am 
Company, Clocedown. 


1025 Wild World of Animals 1020- 
1120 Max the Mouse I230pm-t 20 Palm 


Along with Nancy 120 Lunditime 
120-220 Countre Practice 320 Taka l 
Hnh Road 320420 Look Who's 

Taking 620 Summer Edition 6.15 Which 
Way Itow? 630625 Carroon 1120 

Sweeney 122 a Mann's Bast Friends 

1225am News. Closedown. 

TYNE TEES^Londonex- 

apt 625am News 


920 Cartoon 925 FHm: 

Baghdad 11.15-1120 SpacewaKb 

U30pn-120 The Year was-. 1 949 
120 News 125 Where the Jobs Are 120- 
230 Country Practice 620435 

Northern Ufe 1120 Flm: Lawman 

1240mn Reassurance. Closedown. 


Thing 920 Nature of Twigs 9J3 
Sesame Street 1020-11 20 FOk Tabs 

:2.30pm-1.M That's Hollywood 120 

News 120-230 Country Pracnce 5.15- 

545 Judl Goes CXI Hobday 6.00-625 
North Tonight 1120 Swoeney 1220 
Mann's Best Friends 1220am News. 



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A Lloyd Webber Presents 




An American Comedy by 

Ken Ludwm 

Dtreard by David Gilmore 


7755. From Tomorrow. Eves 

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by John Wilson 


Box office and CC Ol 930 9832. 
Firal CPU 24 hr 7 day CC bootdnm 
01 240 7200. 

DWeri from Broadway 
"A Miberb London siape debar* 
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■■As nne a stage actor as he is a 
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Libretto by RICHARD 
Directed by HAROLD prince 
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LYXR THEATRE Shaflasbury 
Ave W1 01-437 3686/7 01-434 
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“A brUllani ft Mvousty 
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The NadooN Theatre's acriaUned 
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JAN *87 

LYTTELTON *S* 928 2252 CC 
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by Srhniuier. venuxi 
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First published Id 1785 


Christie and Wells set 
for a sprint to gold 

Counting medals before 
they are banging around the 
at hlete s* necks is an invidious 
exercise, inviting disaster. But 
Linford Christie and Allan 
Wells’s wins in the first and 
third fastest times respectively 

From Fat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent, Stuttgart 

three of the fastest men on 
paper this year, Antoine Rich- 
ard. of France. Christian 
Haas, of West Germany, and 
Vladimir Muravyev, of the 
Soviet Union. Wells even had 
lime to look across from the 

in the first round of the 100 outside lane to see that he 
metres last night was an could ease up slightly at the 

excellent start for British ath- 
letes in these 14th European 

Wells was first up, in a blue 
version of the shorts, or rather 
“longs,’’ which have evoked 
reference to Wilson of the 
Wizard. Since we know Wells 
is 34, we cannot really pursue 
too closely comparison with 
the “ageless" Wilson, who, in 
any case, was a middle-dis- 
tance runner. 

But Wells's performances, 
at an age when former Olym- 
pic sprint champions are 
gravitating towards walking 
sticks, is evoking comparison 
with a higher literary figure, 
the fellow with the portrait in 
the attic. But there was noth- 
ing wild about Wells's run- 
ning. It was another 
beautifully controlled effort, 
made to look even better by 
the inadequacy of Aris Cefei, 
of Malta, in the lane next to 

In only his third full 100 
metres since limping away 
from the Olympic semi-final 
two years ago. Wells defeated 

finish, yet still recorded 10.31 
seconds into a headwind of l.S 
metres per second, his best 
performance of the year. 

Weils said afterwards: “To 
some extent that was a laying 
of the ghost of Los Angeles. 
But the real work begins in the 
semi-finals today. That was 
all pan of my preparation.” 
Wells's wife and coach, Mar- 
got, said she had predicted 
10.29 seconds and was pleased 
to be so close to that time. 

Steffen Bringmann, of East 
Germany, and Attila Kovacs. 
of Hungary, went close to 
Wells's time in winning the 

live in Marseilles and was just 
gening back into the sprinting 
stride which has made him the 
European record holder with 
10.00. But Woronin hardly 
had time to get into his stride 
after one false start He pulled 
up clutching the damaged left 
hamstring after barely -10 me- 
tres but still jogged dis- 
consolately down the track to 
congratulate the qualifiers. 

Britain’s third sprinter, 
Mike McFariane, third in the 
Commonwealth Games, bad 
to work hard to get that 
position and just qualified in 
the fourth heal in 10.48 sec- 
onds. The winner was the 
Soviet sprinter, Viktor 
Bryzgin, who has the fastest 
time in Europe this year of 
10.03. yet has not looked as 
good as that in his rare outings 
since doing it. He ran 10.35 
last night. 

But then Christie put every- 

wells s time in winning the But then Christie put every- 
next two heats in 10.34 and thing into perspective in the 
10.32 respectively, although final heat. He is 0.01 seconds 
into slighter headwinds. But behind Bryzgin on times this 
Marian Woronin, of Poland, year, with the 10.04 with 
another veteran sprinter, al- which he broke Wells's six- 
beit four years younger than year-old United Kingdom 
Wells, was a victim of a record. And his winning run 
hamstring puil in the third last night in 10J5, into a one- 


Woronin has, like Wells, 
been running exceptionally 
well this year after more than 
two years in the doldrums. He 
bad moved from Poland to 

metre per second headwind, 
makes him the favourite for 
today's final. Fruno Marie- 
Rose, of France, vas trying to 
push Christie hard from two 
lanes inside the Briton, but 

Athletes face dope tests 

Stuttgart (AP) - As at all 
major international sports 
events, strict doping controls 
' vnD be conducted at the 1 4 th 
European track and field 
championships which began 
here yesterday. Athletes 
undergoing the /tests will be 
drawn prior to the respective 

• According to the 
competitors.’ list, the youngest 
athlete is just seven weeks old. 
An error states that Ann 
Jansson of Sweden, who com- 
petes in the 10km walk, was 

bora in 1986, instead of 1958. 

In feet, the youngest 
competitor is 14-year-old 
Kersti Tysse of Norway, who in football and holds 70,643 Heike Drechsler, another 
also competes in the 10km spectators. East German, who is favoured 

walk. The youngest male ath- m Although the competition to win two gold medals, was 
lete is Aris Cefai, an 18-year- dates back to 1934, it was not leading qualifier in one of her 
old Maltese student who runs until 1946 that men and world record events, the long 
in the 100-metres. ' women competed together, jump, with 6.85 metres. j 

The oldest person entered is Women were excluded when With Mark Holtom having 
44-yeaMtld Ety Palm of Swe- the event first took place, in withdrawn through injury, 
den, who runs in the 10,000 Turin. Four years later, the Britain's two remaining 400 
meters. men competed in Paris while .metres hurdlers. Max Robert- 

• The Neckar stadimn, where the women had their own son and Phil Beattie, the 
the championships take place, competition in Vienna. Then Commonwealth champion, 
is one of West Germany's came the war years. qualified for the semi-finals. 

most modern sports arenas. 

even with that pressure Chris- 
tie was able to deccelerate a 
few metres before the line, 
watching the Frenchman, and 
still win easily, and impres- 

The weather was changing 
markedly by the time the 
women sprinters got on the 
track. Going from dull to 
sunny during the low-key 
opening ceremony, attended 
by barely 30,000 people, half- 
filling the Neckar Stadium, it 
had become sultry for the 
men's races. But the women 
only just beat the rain which 
continued through most oflbe 
rest of the programme. And 
the British women did no- 
where near as well as the men. 

That was hardly surprising, 
in view of the competition 
from the eminent East Ger- 
mans. who have made a point 
of concentrating on the under- 
developed world of women’s 
athletics. Heather Oakes was 
third in 1 1.28. .but qualifying 
easily in the first heat behind 
Ingrid Auerswald in 1 1.15 into 
a 1.4 metres per second 
headwind. But then multiple 
title and record bolder, 
M allies Gohr ran the fastest of 
the night, winning the second 
heat in 11.06 seconds. Paula 
Dunn qualified behind her in 
11.31. Gohr was one of the 
East German athletes who was 
supposed to be out injured all 
season. But it did not look 
very much like it last night 
Sandra Whittaker was the last 
to qualify with 1 1.51 seconds 
in the third heat won by Nelli 

«■**•>* ■ •. • . <*&!***:■ . . /If il •• . : •’ 5" •••• 

' M SI Wk M % WmM , P ■ 

''‘tut* *** 

•^' r i Is*. 

... 'mjiM 

ni .K 

Built In 1933, the stadimn was Coo man in a Dutch record of 
used for the 1974 World Cop 1 1.12. 

in football and holds 70^43 

• Although the competition 
dates back to 1934, it was not 
until 1946 that men and 
women competed together. 
Women were excluded when 

44-year-old Ety Palm of Swe- the event first took place, in 
den, who runs in the 10,000 Turin. Four years later, the 
meters. men competed in Paris while 


' ,4> 

Party spirit: The celebrations begin as the curtain goes up on the 14th European athletics 
championships which began at the Neckar Stadium m Stuttgart, West Germany* yesterdays 
Britain’s sprinters got off to a good start with wins for Alan Wells and linford Christie . 
in the 100 metres and Mike McFariane also quitted for today’s semi-finals. • 

'}$.■< •>.+ 


No action against Richards 
for refusing a drugs test 

Vivian Richards, the 
Somerset and West Indian 
batsman, has received no 
punishment for refusing to 
undergo a drugs test during 
the Britannic Assurance 
county championship game 
against Gloucestshire at Bris- 
tol on July 19. 

The Test and County 
Cricket Board disiplinary 
committee, meeting at Lord's 
yesterday, accepted that die 
usual dope-testing practice 
since its introduction to 
cricket in 1985 had not been 

Donald Carr, the secretary 
of the TCCB, agreed that it 
was not in. the TCCB’s own 
regulations that a draw should 
be made with a member of the 

By John Goodbody 

Somerset team present. "But 
this has been the normal 
practice," he said. “Vivian 
knew this from a previous 
experience. He therefore 
thought it was only right and 
proper that players should see 
the draw being made and 

Drugs in sport, 
page 32 

know who had been taken out 
of the hat for testing.” 

The TCCB accepted 
Richards's assurance that he 
had nothing to bide and that 
he would be entirely happy ro 
submit to a test at any time in 
the future. A statement said: 
“Richards strongly supported 




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oa»i{maawi"^-M»nM»»wt ^»an> vwaos 1 

the efforts being made by the 
cricketing authorities to con- 
trol the use of drugs in the 
game and he also apologized 
to Somerset and to the TCCB 
for what he had done and for 
any embarrassment caused ” 

The regulations for dope 
tests are particular to each 
sport, although the Sports 
Council fond the testing and 
are responsible for the admin- 
istration. A total of 64 cricket- 
ers have been tested this year. 

“This is the first time that 
the practice has been 
queried," Mr Carr said.“It is 
inevitably experimental. We 
are likely to find ways of 
improvement and of amend- 
ing the regulations.” 


Boost for 
the best 
of British 

By Jenny MacArthnr 

Today's Audi HIS National 
Hunter championship show, 
held on the Shropshire and 
West Midland showground at 
Shrewsbury, is intended as a 
major promotion for the Brit- 
ish-bred horse. 

For the first lime at Shrews- 
bury, all the hunter champion- 
ships — Young Stock. Mares 
and Foals, Ridden and Work- 
ing Hunters and H unter Shoe- 
ing — are being included in 
one show, made possible by 
the sponsors whose £10,000 
prize money has helped lure 
many of the coumiy’s top 
hunter breeders and 

There will also be an inter- 
hunt team relay competition 
in which eight teams are 
competing. Tomorrow, on the 
showground, the HIS hold 
their most important select 
sale of British-bred horses. 

The most significant 
championship is the Audi HIS 
Working Hunter futurity final 
in which Wendy Dalfimore 
with Mr and Mrs Andy 
Crofts's Bo ley HilL a six year 
old by Blaze, defend their title. 

The championship was con- 
ceived with the idea of provid- 
ing a nursery for future event 
horses. It is restricted to riders 
between the age of 1 7 and 25 
and horses aged between four 
and eight but exceeding 15 
hands. The hunters are judged 
partly on their confirmation 
but much more so on their 
performance over a course of 
natural fences, which includes 
a water jump. 

Twenty-six horses have 
qualified for today's class in 
which Boley Hill, the winner 
at The Royal Show this year, 
looks to have a good chance of 
a second win. 


gets a 

Front a Special Correspondent 

It is more than -five years 
since Jahangir Khan twice lost 
a game in one tournament. 
Yesterday it .happened when 
Qamar Zaman produced at 
f the age of 35 perhaps his best 
performance since his heyday 
I as world number one. Jahan- 
| gir eventually got home 9-6, 9- 
1 6, 4-9, 9-7 in 73 minutes ol 

Matches with Zaman tend 
to be like that Matches with 
Jahangir this week have of- 
fered his opponents glimmers 
of hope, panly because of the 
ring rustiness that has devel- 
oped since his last world grand 
prix tournament, the British 
Open in April. 

Against that Jahangir hit 
more advenrurously. But 
there are also mistakes and at 
6-7 in the fourth game it 
seemed he might be taken the 
full distance for the first time 
since Hidayat Jahan managed 
it in 1982. 

He will today be tested by 
Phil Kenyon, the British na- 
tional champion, in the semi- 
final. Kenyon produced his 
second successive encourag- 
ing performance, and his sec- 
ond against an Australian. 
After beating Steve Bowditch, 
the world number 16 in 
straight games on Monday he 
beat Tristan Nancarrow, the 
rising world number 21, 9-2, 
9-6, 9-7. 

Lendl snub 
to country 

Ivan Lend! has refused to 
play for Czechoslovakia’s Da- 
vis Cup team against Sweden 
on October 3-5, Jan Kodes, 
the non-playing captain said 
in Prague yesterday. “Lendl 
says he now has another 
programme.” said Kodes. 
Lendl, the world's leading 
ranked player, has not played 
for his country since Czecho- 
slovakia was white-washed by 
West Germany a year ago. 

Irish session 

Jack Chariton, the Republic 
of Ireland manager, ends a 
iwo-day training session with 
his new charges at Lilleshall 
today before his squad tackle 
Belgium, the World Cup semi- 
final i sis in the European 
championship qualifying 
match in Brussels on Septem- 
ber 10. 

Win by Davis 

Steve Davis, the world 
snooker runner-up. has won 
the second Camus Chinese 
Mastere in Shanghai, beating 
Tern Griffiths, of Wales 3-0 
in the final. The tournament 
was beamed live ort television 
throughout China and attend- 
ed by 3.000 spectators. 


Tales of woe bring 
stout men flocking 

By Barry Pfckthall 

It is rightly called: “The to dissuade, hot whet more 

Ultimate Challenge." Simply 
27,000 gruelling miles across 
the Atlantic, now in its hurri- 
cane season, onward timmgfa 
the Roaring Forties and 
Screaming Fifties to Cape 
Horn before turning up into 
tire Atlantic once more for the 
final tactical leg hack to 

This is the BOC single- 
handed Round the World race, 
and the 25 solo sailors who 
gathered in Newport for the 
start on Saturday, know that 
the event is guaranteed to test 
them to the limits of their 
mental and physical ability. 

In the first oT these mara- 
thons four years ago, only 10 
of the original 17 starters 
completed the course. No lives 
were lost, hot two boats sank 
In the Southern Ocean, ami 
another, the late Sr Francis 
Chichester's Gipsy Moth IV 
was wrecked 250 miles short 
’ofSydney, the second stopover 

One yacht remained 
aground on the FaOdands fora 
month after its New Zealand 
skipper had fallen asleep 
through exhaustion, and three 
other entrants discovered top 
late that their boats woe 
unfitted for the challenge. 
Only one admitted he mad 
bitten off more than he could 

These tales of disaster and 
barrowing escapes, served not 

appetites. When entries dosed 
at the end of May, 36 •saBors 
from 10 nations had paid 

S2^500entiy fee. That number 

is now down to 25, hut stiO a. 
significant number. 

Harry Mitchell, is the sole 
British challenger. He is a 
retired businessman from 
Portsmouth and has . beaght 
Yeoman XX. Robin Aishers 
1977 AdamaTs Coppec, re- 
named Doable Cross. 

MrteheU, 61, feces some 
awesome competition, not 
least from Jacqae de Roox, the 
former French sub-maimer 
who built op an astounding 
eight day lead over h is Cla ss II 
rivals daring the first two 
stages of the last race -before 
being pitched in the Southern 
Oman midway between New 
Zealand and Cape Horn. 
Badly holed by broken rigging, 
his yacht Skoiem HI was kept 
afloat by four inches of air 
space below deck and de 
Roux's continuous pumping 
for two days until rescued by 
Richard Braadhetd, the Brit- 
ish competitor who found Jhim 
in a state of near collapse. 

Leading the Class I fine-up 
for yachts up to 60ft overall 
are three other French men. 
They are Gay Benntdin, far- 
mer restaurateur, and PMlippe 
JeantoaL winner last time 
round, and Jean Yves Terfain, 
the veteran. . . 

More yachting, page 32 


Lendl: will not play 

Sharp students 

The Great Britain amateurs 
gave a dazzling display yes- 
terday in the Student World 
Cup in Auckland to beat 
Papua New Guinea 40-8 and 
record their the first Rugby 
League international victory. 
Henry Sharp, the winger, 
scored, three tries. 

Hickstead off 

The national schools show 
jumping championship at 
Hickstead tomorrow, has been 
cancelled because the course is 
waterlogged. Competitors 
from 120 schools and Pony 
Oubs were to have taken oarL 


Glasgow Rangers hope to. 
bank almost £250,000 from 
their Scottish premier division 
dash with Celtic on Sunday 
after agreeing on a one-match 
sponsorship deal of £15, OCX) 
with Guinness. The Ibrox 
44,000 sell-out crowd will pay 
£200,000. while BBC Scotland 
pay another £25,000 for tele- 
vising the game live. 

Graham task 

Herol Graham, Britain's have, from time to time, 
unbeaten European middle- halted raring on Britain’s 
weight champion,, will meet conventional circuits. 

Tony Harrison, from OJda- •j-foe weekend's eyents ; abo 
homa City, in a non-title bom provided- a number of rinses 
at the Albert Hall on Septem- w 0 fget the shott-tens-naan- 
ber 17. The bill also features cost. By general content. 


from the 

By John Blmtsden 

Birmin gham City CouDtiTs 
efforts to bring on-the-streets 
motor rating jo main la n d 
Britain at the weekend may 
have ended in a wash-obt, bnt 
this should not be allowed to 
jeopardize their intention , to 
repeat the exercise for the next 
four years. ' ■ 4 

It was the crueflest mis- 
fbrtune that the August Bank 
Holiday meeting should have 
suffered such - appallinj 
weather and- no amount oi 
careful, pre-planning could 
have prevented stidi driving 
conditions. ’ • •••' 

Street rating 'faas . obvious 
attractions, not the least of 
which is the opportunity for 
load .inhabitants to watch 
motor sport on “their” roads, 
often without even having to 
leave their homes. But ft also 
brings particular ■ problems. 
One is that the^ circuit dan 
have little, if any/ permanent 
installations, so that a mam- 
moth budding job is called for 
in die days preceding a race 
-meeting and a rapid 'dis- 
mantling operation^ immedi- 
ately afterwards. - • ' • ' • 
Another drawback is that 
incessant heavy rain can cause 
drivers more severc visibility 
■problems on circuits lined 
with barriers than. on. those 
with wide run-off areas; an 
accident on a . street circuit is 
. likely to end with the disabled 
car stiH an the circuit instead 
of beyond the edge of it, and 
consequently a hazard to driv- 
ers stfllraring.-particulaily' so 
when visibility is so poor. .. . 

This was the situation —one 
car crashing into another 
which had already been aban- 
doned — which caused the. 
Clerk of the Course quite 
rightly to- -bait the race on 
Monday. It would have been 
the same if the race -had taken 
place at Monaco, where infect 
heavy rain caused, the 1-984 
race to be abandoned after 31 
of the scheduled 78 laps. It 
should also bo pointed oat 
that freak weather conditions 
have, from time to time. 

East has 
not gone 





Some sports to some com* 

tries of fte Eastern Moc five on 

a shoe-string. There Is “the - 
pathetic stray of the 4*ofish 
cycling fiedemtjoffl being 
obliged, like teeten panpets 
on the streets ef Port ‘Said 
seffiog ttes sisters, to allow 
their road raefeg champion. 
Lech Piasedti, to torn pro- 
fesmenl so asto beaMe to use 
Us Western emrehey prize- 
money to jrardmsef ne w^hl- 

to see, 

m Seoul in two yearn’ time, 
how much those nations who 
boycotted the OlymprGames 
in Los Angeles wflLhave been 
set bsck/by the removal of 
incentive and owtivatibii for 
their competitors and coaches. 

Yet although even the Soviet 
Union are thought to June 
suffered some toss of tent, it 
is likely that East Germany 
wffl proved ring toe European 
athletics dtam^onships here 
that their impetus is as for- 
midable as ever. ^ ^ 

The Democratic Rcpubfic 
know how .to look after fear 
competitors. It is widely told 
how Manfred . Ewald, ton 
president of their Olympic 
Committee, who recreated 
sport from toe ashes oT post- 
war rain, gives a sumptuous 
banquet at toe coudnaon of 
each Olympic Games ... to 
those who have not woo 

After toe 1976 Games in 
Montreal all the medal win- 
ners and their families and 
coaches, and. some oL those 
who were exceptional in fourth 
or fifth place, were taken by 
pleasure finer for a two-week 
holiday .in Cuba. When, fat 
198®, there .were too many 
medallists to toe : bonfS 
accommodation, half were sent 
by air and half by sea, 
switching (daces for toe retnm 
joutoey* ■ , • 

Face saving for 
Ewald in 1984 

In 1984 Ewald explained to 
ins competitors why - never 
mind whattoe West may think 
of his government’s reason - 
they would not be going toLA: 
bat the creise was sfiD on. The 
places wdrid be determined hy 
reratfe inSpartakiads in Mos- 
cow and Prague. 

On this occasion thel 
competitors: were happy m 
accept the decirion, -toingfe 
whether their morale ram 
accept another boycott of 
Seoul is open to question; and 
tout is wiqr Klaus Kidder, toe 
deputy Minister of Sport, 
assmed me fe Berlin two years 
ago tout his coutory would be 
m South Korea fe 1988. 

The East: German 'Olympic 
Committee hating saved their 
face hi 1984, foe dedication of 
thefr competitors has re* 
mained constant, and tome 
has been no hkcap in their 
level of psffffcsEasandra, as the 
worid-swKMiffig' efiampton- 
sfaips in Madrid have shown. 

It is fikely to be toe same in toe 
■'.world -j : cycling 

— been such a' massive 
domination that it has hardly 
been worth other countries' 
while to tan op. - 

Sporting machines 
not so soulless 

Mark Kaytor against Lenny la 
Faglia, from Illinois. 

Clubs protest 

The three dubs most af- 
fected- by the resignation of 
Fulham from the Rugby 
League have called an' ecier- 

zbe circuit engineering was 
ffrst-dass — it Is no easy task 
to turn an urban area into a 
safe race - circuit; and the 
construction team , excelled 
themselves in' their first-time 
efforLThey madeafew errors, 
of coarse, but . they .have 

^SiSn aTsSSd torm tan them. 

division clubs. Carlisle, Don- In hindsight, tte organizers 

caster and Workington Town 
are protesting against the re- 
vised fixture formula which 
means that they have to play 
two extra games, while toe 
remaining 14 dubs, who 
should have played Fulham, 
receive four points and play 
two matches fewer. 

wem a little oyer-ambitious in 
the extent of their programme, 
raucftof-wfaicbJA toe-end- had 
to be abandoned. Next-yearft 
would be wise: to. confine the 
racing toa maine^t andno 
more - than two r supporting 
races, plus' perhaps a parade of 
classic cars, . '* 

fey Michael Heflmxan, who 

used to go ranging ut toe age of 

five in the vfllue of Kirin 
Macfanow with lus fither, a 
jogging fanatic; Today- he 
brads toe European* ranking 
fist . 

Those who believe the East 
Germans are soulless sporting 
machines hare a naive view. 
There, is a fundamental b. 
dividual «tMa*r*»£ 
toe-rank and file no less 
“tense than among, say, those 

JBritish who get to the top.- 
us when Dresdilec, competing 

in the rain in Berfc recently, 
efltefirefr «»» the toaHmim 

with her first Teapot 7.15 
metres, jet , ronto»oed^ with 
another fire jmnps over seven 

meta* jnstfor ft* heftof it. 


tfiefr *»y to 

wpre absent in Los Asgefes; ^