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Uneasy calm 
after 12 die in 
Soweto battle 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 
hung“™ sSlJe.o'S £££ S£ ded '"“ “ the ,0WI " IS®; 

.!% on r T'ii llnreS1 ,, boil£ g Residents were milling one 
'es^r5av T m^L n,gh t 1 ^ K " a in ^ du5t y streets V 
«len. da y s h rK«i SouS bn * ?e " the row s oridentical bsel 


•'£ 2 £« 2 £r“* rt ~ ISJ^SLSS^JS: 

n>2!Hr a L sources put the 
"umber of dead at 12, and the 

terday morning. Many were 
still visibly in a state of shock. 

at “atom 1 in ““ T ° dreir account, 

ti S | thiE. th/SSSL ? r’- ™ unicI P aI black police, popu- 

£ JohMn«Sc ° f IIS *V nd laiiy “U«l “blackjacks" and 
hd on “-S® u, ® s sprawling employed by the Soweto 

sp J awiID S employed by the Soweto 
Wtn ET* V ly 5101116 Council, which is widely n- 
J u„OTl e “ a government pup- 


J- >0,000 people since the ^fdSVa 
^ rising by black school-chil- pet body, c 
\ en in 1976. Other reports — HL- 
ul the death toll as high as 20 cc mnu »^«. 

One of ^ deaths noT^ &“2 

officially confirmed was that ”°otogra| 
of a Soweto councillor, Mr on Tuesday 
Sydney (or Sydenham) Mkh- gingfumitu 
wnnazi, aged 56, who was of rent defa 
reported to have died in Thousanc 
hospital yesterday after being ' have been r 
attacked by a gang of angry and service 
youths. “Another councillor beginning c 
fled from a mob which set fire protest whi 
to his house. have so foi 

Early yesterday morning, break, parti 
the police used teargas to fear reprisa 
disperse a crowd of about 500 young activ 
youths and adults who had observe the 
gathered outside the offices of The muni 
the Soweto Council to protest chased awa 

S ’nst evictions. There were and makes! 

its of “Councillors are rocks and bi 
dogs” and “Councillors of which w 
should be killed-. yesterday n 

The trouble broke out on ected across 
Tuesday night in a district of their return. 

garded as a government pup- 
pet body, came to White City 

Simmering issues 6 

Photograph 6 

on Tuesday, and began drag- 
ging furniture from the homes 
of rent defaulters. 

Thousands of Sows tans 
have been refusing to pay rent 

ing. “They moved from yard 
to yard, firing at everyone,’’ 
one old lady told me. 

We were taken to one 
backyard where the body of 
one the victims still lay, 
wrapped in a blanket. Mourn- 
ing relatives and friends sat on 
the ground rocking gently to 
and fro as they shielded the 
corpse from the sun with a 
battered umbrella. 

The deadman's sister, Mrs 
Rose Sikubane, identified him 
as Mr Robert Nuku. aged 34. 
an employee of a furniture 
store. He was from another 
pan of Soweto and had been 
visiting a woman friend at the 
time or shooting, she said. 

“We were watching TV 
when we heard shots.” Mrs 
Mary Mayor, an occupant of a 
neighbouring house, said. 
“We went outside and found 
two men lying in the yard I 

and service charges since the . rang for an ambulance, which 
beginning of June in a mass ' only took away tbe wounded 

protest which the authorities 
have so far been unable to 
break, partly' because tenants 
fear reprisals from militant 
young activists if they do not 
observe the rent boycott. 

The municipal police were 
chased away, residents said, 
and makeshift barricades off 
rocks and burning tyres, many 
of which were sill in place 
yesterday morning, were er- 
ected across roads to hamper 

Soweto called White City, 
which, aside from its some- 
what bizarre name, is mainly 
known for being one of the 
poorest and most over- 

Later. the municipal police 
came back, reinforced by units 
of the regular South African 
police, and, residents claimed, 
began shooting without wam- 

' The government’s Bureau 
for Information gave a mark- 
edly different version of 
events in White City, insisting 
that ‘there was so for “no 
evidence to support media 
reports that the incidents were 
the result of evictions’*. 

According to the Bureau, 
the trouble began last night 
when groups or youths threw 
stones and petrol bombs at 
private vehicles, and erected 
makeshift roadblocks. When 
the police tried to remove the 
blockades, a hand-grenade 

Continued on page 16, col 6 

Thompson fades after flying start 

Thomson touted hfe ing performances in the long •Members of Somers, 
great nyal, Jflrgen Hugsen of and high jumps allowed Comity Cricket Club d 
West Gennayr, by 54 points Hingsen to take the lead- The elated a petition durii 
after the first fonr events of the event finishes today. s—Ti? 

decathlon at the European Three Britons, Sebastian 3 ,ester, {“y s 8““* ■*“ t E 
athletics championships in Coe, Steve Cram and Tom. ^ at Taunton calling for tl 
Stuttgart yesterday. McKean, qualified comfort- resignation of the county 

Tomorrow TSB aiming for a 
Stuttgart | million investors 


Coe, Cram ... or 
could it be McKean? 
Britain challenges 
Europe in the 
800 metres final 

— ^cld — 

• The £4,000 prize in 
The Times Portfolio 
Gold competition was 
won outright yesterday 
by Mrs Patricia 
Crozier, of Leigh-on- 
Sea, Essex. Details, 

Sphere is another 
£4,000 to be won today. 

• Portfolio list, page 

21; rules and howto 
play, information 
service, page 16. ■ 

Fills fly in 

Eighteen American F 1 1 1 air- 
craft flew into Boscombe 
Down. Wiltshire, last nighL 
The US Defence Department 
denied any connection with 
Libya and said they were to 
take part in a Nato operation 
Mediterranean tension, paged 
Leading article, page 11 

Locust threat 

Locust swarms threatening to 
destroy millions of acres of 
food crops in Africa are 

By Richard Thomson, B anking Correspondent 

The Trustee Savings-Bank 
has so for received inquiries 
from 15: million people about 
next month’s share flotation, 
and it aims to attract more 
than a million people to buy 
its shares. Inquiries are flow- 
ing in at 100.000 a day and, 
with nearly four weeks to go to 
the closing date for applica- 
tion, the issue has already 
attracted twice as many in- 
quiries as British Telecom did 
during the whole of its 

More than 1.7 million 
registering with the TSB share 
information office are 
employees and customers eli- 
gible for priority status. This 
means that they will receive 
shares even if the issue is 

The TSB, which hopes to 
raise over £1 billion with the 
issue, yesterday published its 
“pathfinder” prospectus, 
whichforecasts an increase in' 
pretax profits of 14 per cent to 
£193 million in 1986. 

The chairman. Sir John 
Read, said: “The TSB is a 
people's share offer. It is an 
opportunity for small inves- 
tors to take a stake in a bank. 
That opportunity does not 
come often.” 

The bank claimed that its 
research had shown that more 

than 27 million people in 
rBritaih knew about the flota- 
tion, and that 12 million were 
interested in buying TSB 

The prospectus confirmed 
that the issue would go ahead 
on September 12. A full 
prospectus will be published 
on September 16. 

All applications will have to 
be in by 1 0am on September 
24, and dealing in the shares 
will begin on October 8. 

The TSB is expecting the 
issue to be oversubscribed. In 

Profit forecast, page 17 
Comment, page 19 

this event, priority applica- 
tions would have to be scaled 
down while ordinary applica- 
tions would go to ballot. 

The pathfinder prospectus 
indicates that the TSB*s prof- 
its would have been £84 
million higher at £277 million 
if it had nad £1 billion from 
the flotation to invest at the 
beginning of this year. Profits 
would hive been £326 mil- 
lion, £1 33 million higher, if it 
had bad £1.5 billion to invest 

Tbe capital received from 
the offer will be usedfor 

Nato agrees to release 
troop movement details 

Stockholm (Reuter) — In a 
major concession after bi- 
lateral negotiations with the 
Soviet Union, the United 
Slates has agreed that Nato 

Cun Lidgard, told a news 
conference this had solved one 
of the most difficult problems 
Naio diplomats said the 
agreement represented a raa- 

Thompson recorded a world 
best decathlon time of 
10.26sec in the first of the 10 
disciplines, the 100 metres, 
and also achieved a personal 
best of 15.73m in the shot pot 
(above). However, disappoint- 

up to RAF 

By Rodney Cowton 

Defence Correspondent 

GEC yesterday claimed that 
flight trials it has been 
conducting for the past 10 
days confirmed that its Nim- 
rod Airborne Early Warning 
aircraft -will meet the Royal 
Air Force's performance 

‘‘--Major improvements have 
already been achieved, but the 
company acknowledges that 
the full RAF performance will 
not be achieved in every 
respect until a more powerful 
computer is available in about 
a yearns time. 

It says, however, that tbe 
installation of this computer 
will have no technical risks 
attached to iL 

The company has for the 
last six months been working 
to demonstrate that after more 
than eight years of work, and 
the spending of about 
£900 millions, the solutions to 
the Nimrod’s performance 
problems were now known 
and were effective. 

It has been testing its solu- 
tions on ground-basal test rigs 
all summer, but only on 
August 17 was it aide to start 
flight trials with a Nimrod in 
which all the new' equipment 
so for available had been 

The aircraft has now made 
four flights lasting a total of 
about 18 hours, and the 
company said that on every 
occasion the total Airborne 
Early Warning (AEW) system 
had successfully demonstrated 
its ability to track multiple 
targets, simultaneously over 
land and.sea. 

Three American companies 
are competing to provide an 
alternative to Nimrod should 
the Ministry not be satisfied 

Continued on page 16, col 8 

ably for today's 800m final. 

• David Gower, tbe former 
England ca ptain, i$ to tab a 
break from cricket until the 
end of the season. He says he 
is mentally and physically 
exhausted after months of 
concerted press ore. 

Ulster walkout in 
flags dispute 

By Richard Ford 

A thousand workers walked The 
out of Short Bros the aircraft ditional 
manufacturers in east Belfast end oft 
yesterday in protest at a loyalist 
management order to remove ' the atm 
“loyalist” flags and posters floor u 
from the factory floor. ficult”. 

The “wildcat” action by a Short 
minority of the 7,000 employ- Council 
ees happened after lunch with up posi 
workers alleging, heavy- workers 
handed action fry a manage- sympatl 
meat determined to end walkout 
sectarian intimidation at the intimids 
company. agemeni 

The action came 24 hours He ss 
after a cigarette company an- ligious i 
nounced that 700 jobs were to lie wort 
be lost in the province and the are not ] 
people involved in the walk- the can 
out were described by one now gro 
industrialist in the province as still v< 
“like lemmings heading for shopiloc 
disaster”. As wt 

A cat-and-mouse game has they wer 
been played between manage- — 
ment and workers since Sir FftzGei 
Philip Foreman, the company — ■ ■ 
chairman, last week ordered remove 
the removal “forthwith” of they wei 
loyalist flags, bunting, ein- right to 
blems and posters. the Non 

Some items have been re- One 
moved, but workers have put mention 
up other flags at the company, in the 1 
whose 7,000 workforce con- party ai 
sisis mainly of Protestants, mailer i 
with about 14 per cent Reman should 
Catholics. everv d 

The bunting would tra- 
ditionally be removed at the 
end of this week when the last 
loyalist parades are held, but 
the atmosphere on the factory 
floor is described as “dif- 

Short's People’s Loyalist 
Council, the group which put 
up posters naming Catholic 
workers as alleged IRA 
sympathizers; said that tbe 
walkout happened because of 
intimidation by the man- 

He said there was no re- 
ligious intimidation of Catho- 
lic workers, but added: “We 
are not prepared to work with 
the cancer of republicanism 
now growing in the Ann. It is 
still very tense on the 

As workers left the factory 
they were angry at the order to 

FitzGerald crisis 5 

Sir Philip Foreman: cat-and- 
mouse game with workers. 

remove the flags, saying that 
they were British and had the 
right to fly the Union Jack in 
the North. 

One of the ideas being 
mentioned by leading figures 
in the Democratic Unionist 
Party aimed at resolving the 
matter is that tbe company 
should fly the Union Jack 
every day of the year in 
exchange for the removal of 
emblems from the factory 

The company has never 
said that the Union Jack 
would not fly at the firm, but it 
wants the right to deckle when 
and where it does. 

• The Provisional IRA has 
renewed its threat to dustmen, 
maintenance workers and 
laundries serving the security 
forces in Londonderry. 

It has also advised doctors, 
clergymen and solicitors to 
display a ppropriate stickers 
on their cars. 

will, in future, give notice of jormoye by the United States, 
troop movements from North which in the past had feared 

r . _ .1 nL^ii rtrtnirl AViaw rfvraa rvt 

Britons held in Spanish drugs raid 

America to Europe, diplomats 
said here. 

The move came at the 35- 
nation European Disarma- 
ment Conference where Nato 

defying an international cam- ^ i on g resisted Soviet 

paign to exterminate pressure to give such informa- 

ssr • 

Car insurance 

A computer register of one 
million cars, most of them 
write-offs, is being launched to 
protect motorists from buying 
vehicles that are worthless 
Page 3 

On This Day 

The Iasi execution in Britain 
for attempted murder was 
carried out on August 

Dfrrj _ JS 

Features 8.10 

Leaders » 

Letters II 

Obituary W 


Theatres. *fc 
TV* Radio 
UaheKines If 
Weather ** 

Wills * M 

lion, arguing that the mandate 
of the talks was limited to 
continental Europe only. 

The head of the Swedish 
delegation to the talks. Mr 

Kabul rocked 
by massive 

Islamabad (Reuter) - Mas- 
sive explosions have rocked 
an Afghan army division 
headquarters in Kabul. West- 
ern diplomats said vesterdav. 

The diplomats said the 
blasts, which began on Mon- ; 
day night causing a huge fire ; 
ball over the city., were die 
biggest in Kabul since 1982. 
Thcv had no informauon on 
casualties or on die cause of 
the blasts, which are believed ; 
to have originated m the head- 
quarters' ammunition depot. 

An attack by Muslim i rebels 
was one possible cause but the 
diplomats said an accident 
could not be ruled out 

that this could open some of 
the Western alliance's main 
naval operations in the At- 
lantic to foreign inspection 
The agreement will ba- 
sically apply to three coun- 
tries: the United States, 
Canada and the Soviet Union. 
It covers troop nansfers from 
outside Europe into the conti- 
nent and these three are the 
only ones which do. 

Police in the Spanish city of 
Malaga have announced the 
arrest of six British citizens, 
including the' managing direc- 
tor of Spain's leading English 
language magazine. Lookout , 
and said they had smashed a 
ring which was shipping drugs 
to Britain (Harry Debelius 

One of those arrested was 
Mr Gill Foster, a well-known 
figure on tbe Costa Del Sol 

because of his post with the 

At the Lookout offices, the 
acting editor. Mr Mark Little, 
said: “We are utterly surprised 
and shocked.” He said he was 
trying to contact the editor 
and publisher, Mr Ken Brown, 
who was on holiday in the 
United States. 

After a three-month stake- 
out. police, carrying a warrant, 
raided Mr Foster's rented 

chalei in the picturesque Costa 
Del Sol hillside town of Mijas 
last weekend, where they took 
the six suspects into custody. 
They said they had found 220 
kilograms of hashish . 

The others arrested were 
identified as Mr David Brian 
Leedham. Janice Elisabeth 
Hall Michael D - Dilkson. 
Nigel Barry Hughes and 
Pauline Ann Honeywell. 

Computer mark starts O-Ievel panic 

By Lu 


Hundreds of pupils who 
look a new joint O leyel/CSE 
examination in chemistry re- 
ceived the wrong grade be- 
cause of a computer error. 

It meant that no candidate 
received more than a grade C. 
the pass mark at 0 level 
sending many parents and. 
their offspring imo a panic. 

Schools were telephoned to 
be asked if this meant that the 
pupils involved would be 
prevented from doing chem- 
istry at A level next year. The 
schools queried . the grades 
with the boards and the rogue 

computer program was 

The examination boards in- 
volved are the three GCE 
boards.. Cambridge. Oxford 
and Cambridge, Southern 
Universities Joint ami the 
IWO 'CSE boards. - West and 
Easi Midlands. 

These five boards are com- 
bining to form die Midlands 
Examining Group for the new 
GCSE exam. As part of their 
preparation they are running 
joint examinations in certain 
subjects and new computer 
programs have had to be set 

“The boards have to 
collaborate and with new 
computer programs we cannot 

find out mistakes until some- 
thing happens,” Mr John 
Reddaway. secretary of the 
Cambridge board, said. 

A total of 12.000 students 
entered.for the joint examina- 
tion in chemistry, of which 
3.800 were awarded a grade C 
by the computer. In feet. 800 
of these should have been a 
grade A and 1.000 a grade B. 
Mr Reddaway said. 

The error appears to have 
occurred at the offices of the 
West Midlands C5E board in 
Birmingham, which was 
administering this particular 
exam. Mr Reddaway said that 
the mistaken grades had all 
been rectified. “I hope schools 

and colleges will receive them 

Whitgift School in Croydon, 
a boys' public school which 
normally gets very good re- 
sults. was one of those in- 
volved. It was surprised to 
find that all its O-level pupils 
had been awarded a grade C 

“It was ridiculous m a 
school like this not to lave 
any grades A or B,” Miss 
Patricia Dawson-Taylor. the 
school secretary, said. “1 told 
the board that we would be 
querying them.” 

Parents of Whitgift boys 
have been informed by the 
school that there has been an 
error and that some can- 
didates may be upgraded. 

Disaster I Law for 

• Members of Somerset 
County Cricket Club cir- 
culated a petition during 
yesterday's game against Es- 
sex at Taunton calling for the 
resignation of the county's 
general committee and the re- 
engagement of Vivian Rich- 
ards and Joel Garner, who 
were told last week that their 
contracts would not be re- 
newed next season. 

Sport pages 28-30, 32 




By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

The cloud of volcanic gas 
that killed more than 1.500 
villagers in Cameroon and 
injured at least another 550 
people has left behind the 
threat of an epidemic. 

While an international team 
of scientists began investigat- 
ing the disaster at Lake Nyos 
yesterday, rescue workers and 
medical teams were struggling 
against time to bury the bodies 
of the victims and the corpses 
of hundreds of animals. 

Britain plans to send its first 
plane-load of relief supplies to 
the area tomorrow. 

The Overseas Development 
Administration in London 
yesterday was finishing 
arrangements to airlift about 
£200.000 worth of food, blan- 
kets, tents, antibiotics and 
other equipment to Cam- 
eroon. The supplies were be- 
ing paid for out of the aid 
budget's disaster relief contin- 
gency fund. 

Survivors have spoken of a 
thunderous roar last Thursday 
night that filled the air with a 
dense cloud of steam and gas. 

A mother and her child were 
evidently the only survivors 
among up to 1,000 people in 
the nearest village of thatched 
huts, half a mile from the lake. 
Most victims were found dead 
in bed, according to rescuers. 

More than 500 olhers died 
in neighbouring villages, and 
all must have died within 
seconds of inhaling sulphur- 
ous fumes from the cloud, 
local officials said. 

About 300 people died in , 
Souboum, a village five miles 
from the lake. More than 550 
who survived are suffering 
from respiratory problems, 
and many may develop 
pneumonia, a report on Radio 
Cameroon in Yaounde, said. 

Army troops have been 
working in stifling heat to bury 
the dead in massgraves. Their 
commanding officer, Lieuten- 
ant-General James Tataw, 
said he feared an epidemic. 

The cloud covered a 10- 
square-mile area, apparently 
hugging die valleys in the 
mountainous region. Those 
living on higher ground 

The deadly mixture of gases 
has not been identified be- 
yond doubt. Scientists believe 
carbon dioxide, sulphur oxide, 
and hydrogen sulphide were 
involved, emanating from die 
extinct volcano deep below 
the lake bed. What caused 
them to erupt is still unknown. 




By Nicholas Wood - 

Political Reporter 

Dr David Owen threw his 
weight yesterday behind a 
controversial proposal that 
would greatly curb the scope 
for strikes by workers in 
essential public services. 

The SDP leader said he 
backed a change in the law 
that would first refer disputes 
involving groups such as 
nurses, firemen and am- 
bulancemen to independent 

A strike would be legal only 
if it was called after an 
arbitration judgement. 

Speaking at a press con- 
ference to launch the publica- 
tion of an SDP consultative 
document on industrial rela- 
tions. Dr Owen said there is a 
“very real difficulty” with 
certain public sector groups 
where a walkout affects 
people's lives. 

SDP paper 3 

Leading article 11 

Yet at the same time, the 
SDP did not want to lake away 
their right to strike. 

He said compulsory 1 arbitra- 
tion would introduce a cooling 
off period and was “politically 

Asked if the proposals were 
“feeble” because the workers 
covered would still be free to 
walk out after the arbitrators* 
findings were published. Dr 
Owen said it might appear so 
in theory, but not in practice if 
it meant an end to stoppages 
involving key groups. 

The compulsory arbitration 
idea is one of three options 
floated by the SDP in its paper 
setting out a new statutory 
framework for industrial re- 

It says: “We do not believe 
that in a free society the right 
to strike can readily be denied 
to ambulance drivers, fire- 
men. nurses, and other 
employees in essential public 

“Society can legitimately 
ask, however, that such 
employees await the outcome 
of an arbitration procedure 
before putting the public at 
serious risk.” 

The other two options are 
legally enforceable agreements 
covering procedures to be 
followed by unions and 
management during negotia- 
tions and disputes, and con- 
tracts between the two sides 
binding in law. 

Broadly speaking, the SDP 

Continued on page 16, col 1 

Interest cut hopes fade 

Hopes of an early round of 
international interest rate cuts 
faded yesterday, as West Ger- 
many and Japan indicated 
unwillingness to lower rales. 

Britain had a trade deficit of 
£588 million last month, and 
the pound slipped, closing at 
SI. 4840, and at DM3.0335, 

down a pfennig and near its 
all-time low against the mark. 

Germany’s central bank an- 
nounced it would not hold a 
press conference after today’s 
council meeting, normally a 
sign of no change in policy. 

Record exports, page 17 



SERIALS No.& J 66 


: ,7~ . - l-H ” _r-- vj ** 


Quality in an age.of change. 



. 3 > ! 

< • ? ' 
» * 5 

Year off for students 
before college 
backed by industry 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

Britain's top industrialists 
arc overwhelmingly in favour 

strong case for boys and girls 
now in the first year of their 

of young people taking a year sixth form course to plan fora 

off between school and 

• And they say they would be 
more likely to employ such 

’ people, according to a survey 

- carried out by Mr Martin 
Rogers, next year's chairman 

• of Headmasters Conference, 
the association of lop boys' 
public schools. 

Among company chairmen 
supporting “a gap" are Sir 
Adrian Cadbury, Sir iohn 
Sainsbury, Sir Michael 
Edwardcs. Sir Peter Walters. 

year between school and 

Schools, local education 
authorities and the Deport' 
ment of Education and Sci- 
ence should combine to 
persuade as many as possible 
to make that decision, be 

Mr Rogers wrote to 44 
leading companies in the 
United Kingdom to seek their 
views, and 37 replied with the 
great majority - 32 — being in 
favour of a gap alter school. 


j. • 

for union 
rights and 

lustry duties 

By Nicholas Wood 
indent Political Reporter 

experience, those who have The SDP consultative docu- 
gained some understanding of ment on industrial relations 
the 'real world* are better calls for a new legal framework 

of BP. Sir Alex Jarran, of Reed Only Sir Austin Pearce, chair- 
I memaiionaL Lord Rayner of man of British Aerospace, was 

Marks and Spencer, and Lord 
Pcnnock of BICC 
University vice chancellors 

strongly against the idea. 

One of the biggest enthu- 
siasts was Lord Pen nock who 

are also keen on the idea of said: “I was closely involved 

time olT between school and 
- university on the ground that 
It produces more mature stu- 

in recruiting and selecting 
university graduates in the 
days when national service 

dents with a greater sense of was more or less compulsory, 
purpose. Mr Rogers, chief Those who had experienced it 
master of King Edward's were infinitely more con- 
School. Birmingham, says, fident, more mature and more 
His report will be published cognizant of their reactions on 
later this year. other people.” 

master of King Edward’s 
School. Birmingham, says. 
His report will be published 
later this year. 

He says: “The evidence 
shows that there is a very 

- Schools’ 
gap grows 

Private boarding schools 
spent almost three times as 
much per pupil on books and 
equipment last year as state 
secondaries, according to the 
Educational Publishers Coun- 

Figures released yesterday 
1 show that the expenditure gap 
is widening, with slate second- 
aries recording only 36 per 
cent of the independents' out- 
lay on books in 1 984-85, down 
from 44 per cent the previous 
year. Private boarding schools 
spent £129.30 per pupil on 

- books and equipment last 
year, compared with the stale 
secondaries’ figure of £47. 10. 

Average spending in state 

primaries rose only 70p per 
pupil, to £26.10. compared 
with £44.60 in preparatory 
day schools and £77.20 in 
preparatory boarding schools. 
Maintained primaries were 57 
per cent below the preparatory 
boarding school level in 1983- 
84. but the gap widened to 66 
per cent last year. 

; John Davies, related the 
figures to the recent call by Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary of 
-State for Education and Sci- 
ence. to extend reading in 

placed to get more from their 
university and, frankly, to 
contribute more to it.” 

in his letter, Mr Rogers 
suggested three ways in which 
that year could be used to best 
advantage: living and working 
abroad: learning a foreign 
language by living and work- 
ing abroad; and widening 
experience by doing social 

Some company chairman 
expressed reservations, 
emphasizing that the time off 
must be well planned and not 
too long, and expressing doubt 
about social work. Lord 
Rayner thought work experi- 
ence in industry would be , 

Sir Austin opposed the idea 
on the grounds that students 
got out of the habit of learning, 
would demand more pay if 
they were a year older, and 
that a break abroad would not 
necessarily help those wanting 
to go into industry. 

Very few currently take a 

Sir Michael, then chairman year off between school and 
of Dunlop, said: “In my university. 

Head suspended 
in lessons dispute 

By Our Education Correspondent 

Governors of a Surrey pri- 
mary school in Surrey yes-, 
terday suspended its head ' 
teacher and are to ask the 
education authority to investi- 
gate changes she made in 
education practice. 

Mrs Sue May. head of 
Woodmansteme School, near 
Bans lead, has angered some 
parents and governors by 
relaxing discipline, substitut- 
ing projects for formal lessons 
and abolishing tests and class 

Parents drew up a petition 
asking the local education 
authority to dismiss Mrs May: 
some took their children away 
and older teachers left on early 

The Rev Clive Cooper, 
chairman of governors, would 
say nothing yesterday but Mr 
George Gardiner. Conser- 
vative MP for Reigate, said; 
“The parents took the first 
major step to save 
Woodmansteme School and I 
supported that 

“The governors have taken 
the second. It is now up to the 
education authority to take 
the third and dear the way to 

appointing a new bead 

The education authority 
will have to decide what to do 
fairly quickly. Mr Ernest 
Tweddle. deputy county 

balancing the rights and 
responsibilities of trade un- 
ions. saying that the present 
system founded on statutory 
immunities is “profoundly 

It says: “There is a very 
good case for superseding the 
current legal structure by a 
new statute giving both trade 
unionists ana trade unions 
positive rights, which at the 
same time makes dear their 

“Such a law would specify a 
positive right to union mem- 
bership and recognition and to 
I take strike action, and positive 
responsibilities for proper 
democratic procedures, for 
elections, strike ballots, and 
fair operation of the closed 

“This change is the most 
promising avenue for future 
policy as, without it. it will not 
be possible to establish the 
coherent, long-lasting legal 
framework that is nettled for I 
real improvements in indus- ■ 
trial relations." 

It argues that the Gov- 
ernment's legislation leaves 
the workplace an industrial 
battleground and that Labour 
administrations have caved in 
before union demands for 
power and privilege. Specific 
proposals include: 

Greater use of 

• Greater use of arbitration in 
settling disputes: Voluntary 
strike-free agreements, cora- 

iucaSoffiSdr^or! arbitration, particu- 

was presently being prepared “JES 

by officers. 

“The critical thing is that 
someone has to establish 
whether the situation is , 
irretrievable", he said. “The 
governors feel it is. but- the 
authority will have to decide 
whether they share that view 
or noL" 

Mrs May said the 
governors' decision was a wise 
one. “If I had gone into school 
next Tuesday, on the first day 
of term, there could have been 

groups, and legally enforce- 
able procedures or contracts 
are the options put forward. 

The SDP says it would like 
to see more comprehensive 
strike-free agreements reached 
voluntarily between manage- 
ment and unions and that the 
Government has a part to play 
in encouraging such deals. 

They should incoporate 
“pendulum” arbitration in 
which the adjudicators cannot 
split the dinereiice between 
the two sides but must make a 

New backing for 
short, fat frigate 

Bv Rodney Cowton correct, it would be possible to 

« sssjws srs s 

fuftiiSS. on" £* "short <*** *» Duk£ 

far Ingate as a step towards R;f err ; ne , 0 the 

Government's policy of 
006 hm and Sh ° rt maintaining a fleet of about 50 
Moon, vtitrvr destroyers and frigates, he 
.,- L says: “At the present rale of 
V? f *) L r non-ordering and deletions. 

t S h iSr-S! a lhc ,lrtl m 1990 will have 34 

-/on frl S a,L,s and destroyers of 

ihe" new des,gn He «ys ?h»s 

w ould awvj an official inquiry ^eir 2Gih bvrihdav? and how? 

would axsiM jn official inquiry 
which is to he - set up to 
compare the designs. 

f'apum Moore i* generally 
cnikjl of the lack of a 
coherent policy towards 
Britain's naval activities 
which, he says, has produced a 
“maritime mess". 

The suggestion that the 
ministry should order a single 
frigate of the new design was 
put forward in May by an 
unofficial committee" chaired 
by Admiral of the Reel Lord 
HiH-Nonon. which severely 
.criticized the Ministry's han- 
dling of frigate design. 

It also called for an inquiry 
into ihc issue, and although 
the Government has an- 
nounced its intention to set 
one up. it has not yet found a 

In his foreword to the new 
edition, published today. Cap- 
tain Moore says that if cost 
estimates put forward by the 
Hill-Nonon committee were 

JBigger council 
: house price 

- cuts sought 

The Government will seek 
the power to increase the 
discount offered to tenants 
wishing to buy council houses, 
although it has no immediate 
plans to do so. 

An amendment to the 
Housing and Planning Bill 
would mean that under the 
proposed new method of 
changing discount rates, they 
could not be altered by Par- 

Each House would be called 
on to approve the orders, if 
and when necessary. "Hie 
amendment will be consid- 
ered in committee in the 
House of Lords on October 7. 

• The Housing and Planning 
Bill will further increase the 
.discount available to flat 
dwellers to 44 per cent after 
two years' tenancy, and to 70 
percent after 15 years. 

ever many other Leanders 
have escaped the 'knacker's 
yard’, though they will be in 
iheir third decade.” 

Jane's Fight I hr Ships 19S6-87 
(Jane's Publishing Company. 

^ L 

# I 

Captain John Moore, “MoD 
should buy one short, fat 

some ugly demonstrations by ^ s That would encourage 
a group of parents. realistic negotiations. 

She added: “I have tried to Workers in essential public 
drag a very nineteenth century services would not be able to 
school kicking and screaming strike without first referring 
into the twentieth century. 1 any dispute to an independent 
am an employee of Surrey arbitrator. His or her decision 
County Council and I have would not be binding on either 
faithfully carried out their 5 j<je, but the party argues that 
instructions. If 1 am sus- in almost every case it would 
pended on the say-so of the be accepted, 
governors, who really runs the ■ 

schookr Recognition for 

Ministers " ,ortos ' ^-' 

-u . •Trade union recognition: 

lll^O’An iH Subject to the result of a 
IVJ ballot, employers should have 
j a »l • . , , to recognize a union where the 

(lClull aims majority of the workers are in 

Bv George Hill • Strike ballots. A secret i 

_ ‘ . , postal ballot before a strike 

The Government s financial WOu j d be compulsory where at 
reporting to Parliament least J0 0 f the 

should, provide dearer in- workforce wanted it. 
formation on aims, objectives « Secondary industrial ac- 
and perfornwnce, a report t j on: The present prohibition 
from the National Audit Of- s h ou jd be retained, but 
fke said yesterday. employers should not be al- 

The Treasury has made lowed to turn the tables on 
considerable progress In mak- unions acting perfectly law- 
ing reports more informative frilly by dividing their busi- 
and better presented, but still nesses and setting up new 
falls short of giving fully firms, 
comprehensive details to show •Picketing: People un- 
how efficiently government connected with a dispute 
departments are performing, it should be allowed to dem- 
says. onstrate peacefully iheir sup- 

“The office acknowledges port for strikers. Otherwise, 
the difficulty in devising in- the present law should be 
dicators which give a worth- retained, 
while view of a department's • Closed shop: A once-and- 
performance” the report adds, for-all vote by two thirds of a 
“Market values of output are workforce should be sufficient 
not readily available and there to set up a legal closed shop. 
Bre difficulties in separating ® Political funds: Workers 
cause and effect.” would have to indicate that 

thev wanted to contribute to a 

“found it difficult to establish SmniMwmSnB^nSe 
with any precision the value of 

central Government's holding d £ na . t i°J? s Ppsues 

of assets" adding: “Although shouId fi™ have l ° °? UU1 ? £ e 
it wrid not be sensible to ^ V ° 

introduce full asset accounting shareholders 
in a If areas, improved in- •Union subscnpiions: They 
formation could help them in should be tax-deductible, 
their control and use of • Structure and resources of 
resources." trade unions: The Govern- 

Fmandai Reporting to Par- m 

Foment (House of Commons j^ion development fund to 
paper 576. Stationery Office: hel P trade unions to modern- 
£ 5 ). ize their operations 

By Trudi McIntosh 

most cordial of terms", Mr 
Cam po manes said. 

The president of the World most cordial of terms' 

Chess Federation (Fide) is to Cam po manes said, 
stand again for the presidency i^ve the past to tft 
at the federation congress in ^A look forward to i 
DnkKii in November. future” He added that he bad 

Mr Florenao Campomanes, accepted with humility a 
who made the announcement nomination by the Philippines 
yesterday at a press con- Chess Federation to sta 
ference at the Philippines re-election. 

Embassy, defended his perfor- jvir Al exande r Seredi 
mance as president during the _ 
past three-and-a-haif years. 

He said that he completely TJnrlncnil 111 
abided by the federation’s nUUgSUIl 111 
decision to hold the Chess T lmrrlc laoH 
Olympiad in Dubai this year, LilUjIla Ivuu 
although ft meant Israel would Id the seventh round 

Mr Campomanes. He believed 
that Mr Campomanes would 

Chess Federation to stand for future is to pay 

re-election. more attention to chess among 

Mr Alexander Sereda, dep- players and federations 
^ — — — — ^ _ and the population We think 

this problem will be resolved 

Hodgson in ^ 

T lnvHfi the federation abhorred poli- 

lilUjua IvaU tics entering the chess arena 
Id the seventh round of the “but it would be Mind of as to 
Lloyds Bank tournament, the admit that there is no politics. 
Norwegian, G. M. Agdestein, What we can do is minimize 
suffered his first loss when he politics in chess." 
was defeated by L M. Hodg- He had rigorously pursued a 

son, of England (Harry programme of chess develop- 
Golombek writes). ment throughout the world and 

Hodgson is now in the lead in the past six months had 
with 6Vfe pts out of 7, followed visited 42 chess federations. It 
by Agdestein and Akesson on was Fide’s responsibility to 
6. Chandler. Hjartarso'n, push chess into the twenty- 
Plaskeu and Bania on S&. . first century “with a world of 
Rectiua o!*awnSw' 1". AvaSon cr. chess' with 500 million 
J 3S3ra adherents". 

HeMen a. -nasken j; Bania o. de Since hie 1983. the hmuber 
der sierren i. Ernst o. of Fide chess masters, men 

and women, had increased by 
uty chairman of the USSR as much as 200 per cent and 
Sports Committee and leader federation membership had 
of the Soviet cbess delegation, increased from 119 to 124, 
said that the Soviet Chess with Sudan due to become the 
Federation had no objection to newest member. 

Victims of Doctors 

storms ‘reject 

are found homeless 9 

Search parties yesterday By Jill Sherman 

recovered the body of Dr Homeless children living is 
Robin Armstrong, a leading bttj ^ breakfast hotels who 
agricultural scientist, "Jo was ^ ^ous health risks are 
swept away by a flooded ^ reflised ^ by family 
stream near Yetholm, in the acawdioc J tn the 

; lhc heighl of Health Visitore^ociation. 
Tuedays storms. A s^y conducted with 

pie body w« found two Shelter, the housing charity, 
and a halfmilesfront where he s bowed that children placed in 
disappeared after fus Land hotels bv local councils were 

Rov 5 r ^ H ^ pped 10 f 10 °" susceptible to accidents and 
yard wide torrent on because of cramped 

a- and insanitary conditions. 

Cheshire I»frce dtvere yes- ciuidrm were burnt by 
terday recovered the body of fires ^ bofling Uq- 

■- . , . aids because families bad to 

cook in bedrooms and they 
i- suffered more infections doe to 

gfe .x ^ overt ^ ow ding and shared 

K .^'^ 1 Hotel children also suffered 
•. from more vomiting, chest 

gjgNflf complaints and scabies than 

y? other children, the association 

■ j In one case a health visitor, 

’ ‘ JB ^ Deborah Davison, dis- 
' • Jm covered a child aged one with 
third degree barns from her 
:T bips to her ankles after an 

i ocodent with hot water in a 

01 SWeP * of ft. snrvey, p.b- 

away by flood. Ushed today in Shd&s 

Dylan Pritchard, aged eight, magazine Roof, show that in 
from Rossert Clywd, who fell spite of those health hazards 
into the river Alyn and was many homeless people are not 
swept away during storms getting easy access to general 
which swept North Wales on practitioners. The report 
T uesday. claims that in some areas they 

As flood waters receded and are nn willing to take them on 
storm conditions abated in their regi ster s, 
most areas of Britain and One health visitor told the 
Ireland yesterday, a search magazine rt»t doctors delib- 
was continuing in Dublin for a eraidysaid their lists were fall 
girl aged six who was feared to when they discovered patients 
have drowned with her were living in a hotel- 
mother and sister in the river The British Medical 
Liffey. Association yesterday argued 

Police recovered the bodies that the report was five years 
of Brigid Brogan, aged 33, and out of date and that inner cities 
Christine Brogan, aged five, all over the country had im- 
from the swollen river on plemeuted tfiwww to get over 
Monday night. At first it the problem, 
seemed they had been blown “Of coarse all health care 
into the water by gale force professionals need to be aware 
winds that pounded Dublin, ot and willin g to solve, the 
But police said later they were problems as they arise, and 
keeping an open mind about there are health risks for 
the incident. The Loudon families in temporary accom- 
Weather Centre said that aJ- modatiou," a BMA spokes- 
though the worst of hurricane man said. 

Charley had now passed over ^ Government’s review of 

^ Primary health care should 
border areaswiU sull receive M to J ^ prob . 

heavy rain today. ^ le^, she said, but Inore 

Forecast, page lo resources were needed. 

not be able to compete. 

He bad appointed a federa- 
tion committee to review 
Israel's problems regarding 
visas. Invitations had not been 
sent to the Isxael Chess 

Mr Campomanes - com- 
mended the United States 
Chess Federation for its de- 
rision to go to DobaL 

He claimed also that his 
relations with Gary Kasparov, 
the world champion, had not 
soared, in spite of “rnmonrs" 
of misunderstandings and a 
serious rift. 

“Ever since I arrived in 
London I have seen Mr 
Kasparov a number of times 
and and we have been on the 

In the seventh round of the “but it would 
Lloyds Bank tournament, the admit that tb 
Norwegian, G. M. Agdestein, What we car 
suffered his first loss when he politics in chi 
was defeated by L M. Hodg- He had rig) 
son, of England (Harry programme c 
Golombek writes). ment through 

Hodgson is now in the lead in the past 
with 6 Vfe pts out of 7, followed visited 42 che 
by Agdestein and Akesson on was Fide’s i 
6. Chandler. Hjartarso'n, push chess i 
Plaskett and Bania on S&. first century ‘ 

r«sihi« rrwri Round 7: Akesson J. v - -.i, 
RectiUa O: Chandler 1. -Wawoo O: COeSS WIXJ1 

Hlart arson I. Strauss Oi- Mil gitlumintc*' 

Kuortn "ft; Anand 1. McDonald O: aonereWS . 
Hebden a -(Haskett J; Bania O. de Since hit* ] 
Firmlan J; Muiw o. Thomas I; van ““ 1 

der Stamm 1. Ernst O. rtf Bide ches 

Union writ Victims of 
threat on storms 
pit pay are found 

By Nicholas Beeston 

The Union of Etemocratic 
Mine workers is expected to 
threaten British Coal with 
legal action at a meeting today 
it the management does not 
fulfil a pledge to pay all the 
union’s members a 5.9 per 
cent pay increase. 

Today’s talks are the 
culmination of a dispute 
which stretches back to last 
November when the manage- 
ment paid the wage increase to 
the UDM's founding mem- 
bers in Nottingham hsire and 
South Derbyshire. 

However, 6.000 members of 
the union working at pits 
where the National Union of 
Mine workers retains a major- 
ity have not been awarded ihe 

Mr David Prendergast, the 
financial secretary of the 
UDM's Nottingham section 
and a member of the national 
executive committee, said that 
if British Coal failed to pay the 
union would go to court. 

British Coal says that the 
pay increase, negotiated in the 
aftermath of the miners' 
strike, related solely to the two 

Search parties yesterday 
recovered the body of Dr 
Robin Armstrong, a leading 
agricultural scientist, who was 
swept away by a flooded 
stream near Yetholm, in the 
Borders, during the height of 
Tueday's storms. 

The body was found two 
and a half miles from where he 
disappeared after his Land 
Rover was trapped in a 100- 
yard wide lorrent on 
Bowmont Water. 

Cheshire police divers yes- 
terday recovered the body of 


Rover in crisis 

Bonanza month brings sales disaster 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

A summer sales disaster has Its big multinational rivals, 

left Mr Graham Day, the Ford and General Motors, 
Canadian who now rnns Rover may be “buying" sales with 
Group — formerly BL — facing big discounts or dealer in- 
a critical period for the centives. but Mr Day cannot 
company. escape the fact that his Met- 

After 20 days of August, the ros. Maestros, Montegos and 
motor industry's traditional Rovers are not as popular as 
bonanza month. Rover has Escorts, Fiestas and Sierras, 
managed to scrape together By the end of this month, 
14.13 per cent of the domestic Rover’s market share should 
market. That means only one be back to a more respectable 
in seven buyers, whether pri- level and could be above GM 
rate motorists or fleet and in second place behind 
purchasers, prefers a “BL" Ford. But the company’s 


Although Austin Rover's 
spokesmen at its Coventry 
headquarters are attempting 
to be bullish about prospects 
for the year as a whole, there is 
bo denying the air of gloom 

that has descended npon the ing the 

state-controlled group. 

Its big multinational rivals, share is 15.75 per cent. WhHe 
ird and General Motors, the company is steadily 
ay be “buying" sales with regaining the share it lost 
g' discounts or dealer in- earlier in the year, it has a long 
htives. hot Mr Day cannot nay to go to reach the 20 per 
rape the feet that his Met- cent target set in previous 
s. Maestros, Montegos and years, 
ners are not as popular as Rover's sales stagnation is 
icons, Fiestas and Sierras, across the board, with no 
By the end of this month, model noticeably suffering 
iver's market share should more than any other. But in 
back to a more respectable the 20 days, 7,150 Montegos 
ieL ami could be above GM were sold against 8,041 in the 
4 in second place behind same period of last year and 
ird. But the company’s 7.323 Maestros found buyers 
performance, expected to be compared with 8.600 a year 
brighter after the morale- ago. Metro sales in the 20 days 
boosting Rover 800 hunch, were 16.400 against J8,4o0 a 
has done little of late to inspire year earlier, 
a Government keen to see a Mr Day must be aware that 
privatized motor industry. apart from January, his com- 
For the year to date, inclod- pany has suffered a sales 
ing the August 20 days, decline on a year earlier of 
Rover's domestic market between 1 and 2 per cent. 

August 20 days, 
domestic market 

And he has already given 
the Government and private 
shareholders wanting that last 
year's pre-tax loss of £1103 
million will be followed by 
further serious losses in the 
first half of the current year. 

Austin Rover's first half 
losses could be double the £10 
million deficit recorded for the 
whole of 1985. 

Austin Rover says the early 
August sales slump is even 
more baffling in the light of 
buoyant exports, at present 23 
per cent up on a year ago. 
Much now depends on the 
success of the six-model Rover 
800 range — not so much for 
sales volume but for re- 
establishment of the Rover 
name as synonymous with 
quality and reliability. 

L.ii* ^ 

Dr Robin Armstrong, swept 
away by flood. 

Dylan Pritchard, aged eight, 
from RossetL Clywd, who fell 
into the river Alyn and was 
swept away ' during storms 
which swept North wales on 

As flood waters receded and 
storm conditions abated in 
most areas of Britain and 
Ireland yesterday, a search 
was continuing in Dublin fora 
girl aged six who was feared to 
have drowned with her 
mother and sister in the river 

Police recovered the bodies 
of Brigid Brogan, aged 33, and 
Christine Brogan, aged five, 
from the swollen river on 
Monday night. At first it; 
seemed they had been blown 
into the water by gale force ; 
winds that pounded Dublin, j 
But police said later they were ] 
keeping an open mind about ! 
the incident. The London 1 
Weather Centre said that al- 
though the worst of hurricane ! 
Charley had now passed over ! 
Britain, the North-east and 
border areas will still receive 
heavy rain today. 

Forecast, page 16 

his style of 

Mr Neil Kinnock yesterday 
defended the Labour Party- 
leadership against a charge by 
Mr Eric Heffer that it was 
watering down socialism in 
the presentation of policies. 

Speaking on the BBC radio 
programme. The World At 
One. Mr Heffer, Labour MP 
for Liverpool. Walton, said: 
“There is a distancing of the 
party from its basic ideas. 
There is certainly a backing 
away in certain aspects and 
the party has to face up to it” 

Mr Kinnock denied there 
had been a watering down of 
socialist policy. “Expression 
of policy is now more cogent, 
dear and professional than it 
was before, but the fact re- 
mains that I am a democratic 
socialist committed to demo- 
cratic socialism”, he said. 

He said he had never con- 
veyed the impression, before 
or since becoming party lead- 
er. that socialism was an easy 
process.For some people, that 
was disappointing. 

Mr Kiiinock also dismissed 
a picture of himself as bejng 
the prisoner of a left winj 
which could be strongly repro^ 
seated in a vast influx of ne« * 5 jj 

T shniir MPc al ihp next 

Labour MPs ai the next *; 
election. He said his oppo- 
nents were wrong in their -j 
assessment of a vast influx. 

Mr Florendo Campomanes annoBncmg his decision to seek re-election as preshlent of the 
World Chess Federation (Photograph: BiU Warhursf). 

World Chess Federation 

President defends record 

“I leave the past to the past "Pronyte th e popn hiriadioD of 
and look forward to a rosy d*** 5 “ *** world . 
future." He added that he had Speaking through an un- 
accepted with humility a preter. Mf Sereda said: “The 
nomination bv the PMliDDkes we wou ^ tike to 

Cot death of 
snatched baby 

Natalie Watkins, who was 
taken from a hospital three 
weeks ago when she was two 
days old became a victim of 
cot death yesterday. 

Natalie, who was returned 
unharmed, was found dead by 
her parents at their home in 
Lunt Place, Bilston. Wolver- 
hampton. A woman was ar- 
rested in connection with the 
baby's and has since appeared 
in court. 

Press history 
under hammer 

A photograph of the Queen 
Mother playing snooker at the 
London Press Gub. was sold 
for £ 1 30 yesterday. 

ft was one of more than 70 
lots, covering a century of 
British Press history, auc- 
tioned by Phillips, west Lon- 
don, to help to pay £100,000 
debts,, which forced the club's 
closure in April. 

go on show 

: British Coal are opening 
two opencast sites in South 
Wales to the public today, for 
the fust time, in a sightseeing 

The “coal-holes" at Ffos 
Las, near Kidwelly, Dyfed, 
and FTyndaff, near Aberdare, 
Mid Glamorgan, are about 
250ft deep and together pro- 
duce about 15,000 tonnes of 
coal a week. 

Drugs charge 

Kenny Laurent, aged 24, of 
Colville Square, Notting Hill, 
west London, who plays 
basketball for Crystal Palace 
in a national basketball league, 
was remanded in custody until 
September 10 by Bow Street 
Magistrates' Court yesterday 
on four charges of possessing 
heroin and cannab is with 
intent to supply. 

Death blaze 

A verdict of misadventure 
was recorded at the East 
Grinsiead inquest yesterday 
on Arthur Robert Percy, aged 
72, of Seven oaks, Kent, who 
died when a barbecue blew up 
in his iace. His wife said he 
had poured an inflammable 
liquid on the barbecue. 

Cyclist injured 

Mr Valroy Loseby, a cyclist 
aged 55, who was dragged 300 
yards on his head underneath 
a caravan after a collision at 
Long Eaton, Derbyshire, was 
yesterday said to be in a poor 
but stable condition. 

AA swamped 

Nearly 13,500 breakdown 
calls in 24 hours — one every 
six seconds — was Tuesday's 
aftermath of the washed out 
Bank holiday for the Auto- 
mobile Association, which 
said it was its busiest day on 

Hedgehog lift 

A further 29,of the 600 
hedgehogs to be moved out of 
North Ronaldsay in the Ork- 
neys where they are threaten- 
ing the future of the island’s 
birds, were yesterday flown to 
the mainland. 

Hospital unit 

A £22 million psychiatric 
unit for elderly and mentally 
ill patients at West Suffolk 
Hospital, Bury St Edmunds, is 
to be opened' by Mr Barney 
Hayhoe, Minister for Health, 

TM TM ummi . 

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Partnerships of 

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backed by Borrie 


Radical chaW* * Z ? ^ ^ AfiBiirs Corre^e^ 

JSS-a;^: a-sss'-" 
a^Ss-ss SSss Jts r^js 

arfe as s-i As 

yesterday ™ Tradu * “ . mfrte to practice many form 

In a o- 011 J*n»ta* Sir Gordon ^ cho °* 

Borrie toTS^? 001x1011 ■« more re- Reaction to Sir Gonlon - 

present restriM? 101 ’ say 5 jfta* Jhan other pro- TOxwals was mixed yes- 

SgSmoetiZSl, T12!*F lter " fi?^2 b “ ,tat ^ m °*ty JF“^ m R™ Siugteton- 
Sfes^M^anH be ^ W ^.- ^ ^ Iowed to practice as individ- Green, parliamentary and 

*®“ tnhibitmg ua is. Imi omstafv «r*k. 

^elopments m the way ■*£ 

^ionaI services can beat 
terad to clients. 

lift -■ 

Bonie 001x1011 fSL** 1 ■»* more re- Reaction to Sir Gordon 

dsȣ^ gMusw* pAts 
triS?- -’ ws ssssrwv&a ~ 3 n S n “ 1 ^ 

As a muiit to set tro joint. partnerships B utthe legal profession was 

bebedeJSSl*^ 1 ? 111 ^ 5 *** ^ s ° hcitors * raises wide ™caL Mr Robert Johnson, 
SHM***--* ISSUCS “bout toe fusion of the QC for the Bar, said t 
wajmngaU their professional t™ 0 branches of the ipgat P*rtnershpsofbamsteracoe 
fiiwn °°e profession. The provision^ rednee consumer choice. 
Sm?s5' B ^? i, V 51,011 advice ,egal services is now being . . w e are a highly compet- 
members of jammed by a joint Bar mve profession and it is by no 
cunerent professions, be Counril/Law Society commit- 1 means uncommon, particu- 
Mys - tee and any action in the m specialist fields, for 

As a result to . « “P J 01111 partnerships Bnttbe legal profession « 

bebedeJSSlt^ 1 ? 111 ^” 3,0 ^ sohcrt °rs, raises wide “JpcaL Mr Robert Johnsc 

ISSUCS about toe fusion of the QC, for the Bar, said 1 
advir^iUi tbcb" professional two branches of the tpg°| ^Jtnershpsofbamsteracoe 

lQ ve profession and it is by no 
means uncommon, particu- 

- — «uj> omiuu in me la riy^in specialist fields, for 

Most professions at present meantime would be inappro- members of heads of cham- 
restnet the way their members P^ate, he says. octs to appear against each 


E^SSr mb “ of & “ ™ gAfiftSB£S 

r*!, reduced. 

amendm^rftiJ^SiLw A He cdu for the Companies Soc %& *** *h*t 

asrari-SS ^ 


S?"good aodil) to act as an auffitOT fora “*»d partnerships 

. j “r 00 °cai M interest in company* and mm* « would be outweighed by any 
and_ support for mixed review^ £££ 3 benefit forthe wfoBc 

'K^SSf* solicitors Trade W on com P^ion in 

and others, chiefly m the joint requires Dra^eTnf tteprtfssstom (Free from room 

provision of conveyancing. STg) ?££££ tST i52£ ?I* C ^^S° ,lse ’ O^ery 

,. v «. imauauuuuriora 

company; and also ones a °F twei 8hed by any 

review by the Departm^ of be 2^ t -5^ Republic. 

Trade on the rule which ,u„?33 ctu:ms °* competition in 

— wry ^fx lorj. 

W omen to get say Sour taste 

on cancer surgery 

Women are being invited to 
challenge surgeons and medi- 
cal specialists about the treat- 
ment of breast cancer at a 
conference this autumn. 

Breast cancer is the most 
common cancer among wo- 
men in Britain, claiming 
about H500 lives a year. One 
woman in five is likely to 
contract the 

The biggest controversies in 
its treatment, including the 
use of radical suigery, alter- 
native forms of therapy* -and 
the side-effects of radiation 
and drugs, are to be discussed 
by experts at the conference. 

Their evidence will be pre- 
sented toa panel qf 12 , half of 
' Vjm win belay members, 

■ <d debated by the audience. 

stimulate a public tfiscuariom 
of it.” 

The conference, which is 
being held in London on 
October 1-3, has been or- 
ganized by the Kim's Fund 
Forum, which introduced the 
concept of consensus, con- 
ferences (at which topics are 
debated by the audience) to 
Britain two years’ ago with a 
meeting about coronary by- 
pass surgery. 

' Dr Jackie Spiby, an asso- 
ciate consultant at King’s 
-Fund College, Paddington, 
west London, said: ’‘“It is 
important- to- discuss how 
much involvement Women 
should have in deriding what 
treatment tticy receive, how 
much of the breast should be 

of sweets 
for babies 

By Oar Science 

Baines are suffering fro m 
tooth decay because of too 
many sweet treats. One in 
three is fed sweets or chocolate 
by the age of six months, 
according to a national survey 
published today. 

Decay and gum disease in 
first teeth could affect the 
health of the second ones. “A 
child’s teeth need to he 
cleaned from the moment the 
first one appe ar s, and should 

be seen regularly by a dentist,” 

an article nr Under Five inaga- 


Half of the parents surveyed 
believed sugar was good for f 
childrcn and had not received I 

City’s phone numbers r unnin g out 

London's current telenhnnp. . mne M at**! tA ha n ’ 

London's current telephone considered to be a national 

^^ Anyctoges require 

Researchers at British 
Telecom and in other coun- 

KS 2 ?ai iSSSS 3 £KK£S 

s:zr 3 sHsS «s: 

RnSSf Mrs*? JSZ.bS , 6 

srs~s §tf| 

British Tefecom, and the ad- -seven dieft ni>mfo««k»ct vim- o ven . ™°re digits, 
vent of Mercury Communicar ' About half of Britain s^teS “ 

exchange* .are S -1 «SSj2^SSS 


Computer gbdfolio 

guide for -JgM- 

New car is 

Transport Editor QlYlhifinil 

A computer register of writ-. 1/1 lluu 

ten-off cars is being launched A mother of two children 
next week to help stop the was yesterday's outright win- 
motorist from buying worth- uer of the daily Portfolio Gold 
less cars. prize of £4,000. 

It aims to protect the un- Mrs Patricia Crazier, of St 
wary buyer from vehicles that Clements Drive, Lrigb-on- 
have been secretly patched up Sea, Essex, a reader of The 
and put on the market, and Junes for 20 years, said she 
from stolen cars sold with I has been playing since the 
documents taken from a competition was started, but 
wriie-off never expected to win. 

“The question: 'Would you | M I am not usually a lucky 
buy a secondhand car from I person,” she said. "All I have 
this man?* is suddenly easier ( won in the past are cakes at 
to answer positively thanks to raffles. Usually it is always the 
djis new service,” Mr John I other person who wins, never 
Duflen. managing director of I me, so the news w>hi» as quite 
HP Information, said a surprise.” 
yesterday-. I Mrs Crazier said she would 

The register lists more than j probably spend the money on a 
a million vehicles, mostly I new car, bat not yet 

write-offs, and is available to I decided which model, 
subscribers for a small fee. j She added that she could not 
More than half the second- I spend her winnings entirely on 
h andca r dealers in Britain are j herself and wosald be sharing 
subscribers, and the service is ( her good fortune with her 
also used by local authorities j husband and children, 
and the police. I Raiders who experience 

Car thieves or “ringers*' are J difficulty obtaning a gold card 
constantly on the look-out for ] should send a oawp^ ad- 
total write-offs whose only I dressed envelope to; 
value Is the registration docu- Portfolio Gold, 
ments and the engine and I The Times, 
chassis number. Having ac- PO Box 40, 
quired these, they steal a car of Blackburn, 

similar type, respray it, and I BB1 6AJ. 

substitute the written-off — 

numbers and documents. Tloofli aaoa 

The other risk is that un- ”6310 C8S6 
scrupulous dealers might buy T>/^* 
a car no longer fit to use, and I l v laKCS OVCr 
sell it to the unwary buyer I 
with no more than skUnill 
cosmetic improvements. ] 

“This service gives us the I 
opportunity to know if a I i 
vehicle has been written off” . 
the Motor Agents Association I i 
said yesterday. < 

“A car written off for insur- I j 
ance purposes is sometimes 
bought and repaired quite I i 
legitimately by a dealer who I 
then sells it again. But the I | 

a. bw bas a right to know that 4 

Uflnin a Olir It IS a former write-off There c 
o *■ is also the risk of unwittingly I 
reprogramming. An army of buying a stolen car which c 

engineers is expected to con- 
vert the remaining mechanical 

-- v w“ ‘“6 11 uuuiuci iui nance, iwo 
London subscribers is no m Britain, o 
tonger straightforward. such a chi 

Since the liberalization of looked like 
British Tefecom, and the ad- : seven digitr 
vent of Mercury Communicar- About hal 

nous as a competitor, Britain’s phone exet 

; , . i — UUUIUC 13 

wtnjust to individuals rather th a n 
o Pans telephones, which would 
out of mean even more digits. 

... , * - pwut cAuiaiiuA. .are eiec- 

telephone nnmbers are tromc, and wiH merely, need 

_ _ mmm T 

subscribers would punch in 
their number at whichever 
telephone they happened to be 

changes documents and 

“Anybody buying a used car 
ought to be careful who he is 
buying it from, and they 
should get an independent 
inspection, from the AA for 
example. The computer file 
provides extra protection in 
making these ’checks.” 

_ HP Information was 
founded 50 years ago as a 
. protection against frauds in 
1 the motor trade. 

f .vhich will indude members of ^ Pr ofc ^ on ^ adv «*»tltomaga- 

i the public. S5Sfijfe?:S!? af “ forowL 

the public. ; 

Professor Bryan JennetL , . . 

Dean of the Faailty ? Vomeo ““ attt aid this 

cine at Glasgow University on J «PiaI terms 

and one of the organizers of ^ lth do P tors surgeons. It 

A. -j , ■ laves them the rfiann* tn 

treatment should be given. 

“Women can attend this 
conference on equal terms 

the conference, said yesterday: lliei ^J? E c ^ ncc to 

“We beBeve that doctors have ^ 

to be more open with the 2S L ( ^ ten P* 0 - 

public and more prepared to 18 001 awa T e , of oow 

listen the patient’s ^oint of ^ ron ^, K wo^ * ,, 
view some of these issues.” 

'“Although it is hard to resist 
the soda! pressures and with- 
draw such ’treats’, it is essen- 
tial that we do so,” the article 

Dentists are treating chil- 
dren under 18 months with 

. as sergeant 

Police Constable Brian 
Chester has temporarily taken 
over the duties of a sergeant 
six weeks after his acquittal of 
the manslaughter of John 
Shorthonse, aged five, daring 
an armed police raid. 

PC Chester, a police marks- 
man at the time, liwl pa«»j 
his sergeant's examination be- 
fore John Shorthonse was shot 
dead last Aagust and is still 
expected to be promoted. 

He returned to his r egular 
community beat in Coventry 
after his acqm'ttal and has 
taken over the duties of -a 
sergeant who is on leave. 

Port strike 

Immigration officers . at 
Harwich voted last night to 
walk out over an instruction 
for some staff to move to 
Heathrow airport. The 24- 
hour strike will leave passport 
control at the Essex port 
without cover. ‘ 


“This is a definite move in 
that direction and we have 
deliberately chosen a con- 
troversial subject in order to 

Details of the conference are 
available from Dr Spiby at the 
college, 2 Palace Court, London 
W2 4HS {Telephone 01-229- 

SsSaS 2000 A.D. 

bathing” from baby d rinks 
“Sucking at a bottle means 
that the teeth can be bathed in 
sugar for long periods. The 
answer is to give water or very 
diluted whole fruit juice,” the 
article adds. 

’** - * • . 

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» » » - , v .* - , _ litm. 

-- * '• 

— ^,1 1 • * \ 
L %• - < lx-; 

, * 

9 .* ,f.* ' « " 

2 * ; - - v 

i • '• '''•${% 

’ . C -t- - • - * ^ 

2000 A D 

«yvV i l«I/« Moneymaker 2000 you 
could look forward to lx with h appin ess confi- 
dence. £10,000 . . . £15,000. .. even more than £20,000 

could be yours! Currently paid to you absolutdy free of all 

personal taxe s. 


Moneymaker 2000 is ppen to everyone between 18 and 75 
who can save a few pounds a month. It is designed to give 
you tro major benefits. First, the nrospecr of a handsome 
payout in the year 2000 ... enough for you to make the 
most out of the next century-^ whatever it holds in store. 
™ ; toe vital protection of life insmaocc cover for the next 

1 4 year s- And whether wc pay out on death or after 14 years. 

current legislation allows us to pay the sum free of ALL 
personal taxES. ' 



could have accumulated a £20,000* nest egg by the year 
2000. Just teO us on the coupon how much you wish to save 
ff enn ^^^g«d jiJ{WfliBi»iiAJandwE! l lIsendyoua FPP i; 

Pei soiial Dhiscrahop of just how much yon could mrivp. 


in the year 



§ •? .. 

* r 

“Blow it and see the worid!” 

Ptgn Mount reheaxsiiig with Rowena Roberts for Rookery Nook which opens at the 
Shaftesbury Theatre of Co edy next Tuesday, marking the centenary year of Ben Travers’s 
birth. It is Peggy Mount’s first West hid appearance tor 10 years. 

BBC TV for children 

American anger over series 

.wunHuauEUKtjKaiu ram maximtcmg - rf fl nirr Qf 

Moneymaker 2000. ft ensures a high cash payout for those 

in the older age groups. And uriHke many insurance plans, 
it gives you Efe cover righr from the very outset. 

^£^2“ anuuaodr~ 


“Spend item home u qn o wneiits. 1 


• Your mo ney is in the safe and capable hands of our 
investment team, currently handling assets in excess 
of £7000, 000, 000 . 

• If you lose your sight or the use of a limb through a 
senous ac ciden t any rime before your 70th birthday 
we will pay die remaining pr emium*; for you. 

• After 2 pars your policy can be surrendered for cash, 

although this value wiH be low in the early years. Ap 

alternative is to apply fora loan secured by your policy 
fRrfl wrizun details on rapattj This gives you 
immediate cash. And you can stilllook forward toa 
final lump sum. 


TSfeU semi yon a FREE ‘Uustratian’ and a specimen policy 
to examine at your leisnre for 15 days. There is no 
obligation. No salesman will cafl. And there is normally 
no need for a m edi c al examination, cither. 

During the special offer period, if you are under 76 and 
ran truthfully answer ‘NO’ to the four simple questions on 
me coupon, we guarantee to accept your application. If 
you answer TES 1 to any question, don't worry -send 

details anyway You may still be accepted. 

Wfc ask only that you state face likely to influence the 

When yon enrol we wiD send you 
this elegant brass carnage clock 
with accurate quartz movement. 

. < — - — j™ 11 you arc 

in doubt as to whether any detail is relevant, you 
should disclose it. Otherwise your benefits could - 
be affected. 

Apply today and be sure that 2000 AT), will be a golden 

yearforyou. 6 .. 

r-uama — . 

Ifth&EB anything further yon wish to know about 
thepta wrr hres are c^en cadi weekday CTeninR 

HOBSHAM ( 0403) 59009 Z 

n« BBC motumn tele vision 
-schedule of children's pro- 
grammes includes an Ameri- 
can-produced cartoon series, 
Tkunderaas, that is the sub- 
ject of a complaint to fee US 
Federal Communications 

The commission is in- 
vestigating claims that the 

ffwrfeg k a “profyamme-jengtii 
commensal” created pmwrily 
to sell toys, and is deci d ing 
whether it short) carry a 
i||fl4«iin»r tn that efiecL 

Miss Anna Home, head of 
children’s programming for 
the BBC said yesterday that 
Thundercan, a fantasy action 
adventure which wil l he sh own 
every week tons a niiMM i, s 
“good, wdl made entep- 

Bat, in an interview, lifts 
Peggy Chanen, head of toe 

American oigK^dzation, Acpta 

for ' Chfldnm’s Tetevfeuou, 
warned British parents that 
allowing their children to 

watch Tfamdarats coaid re- 
sult in demands for toy* that 
would cost “hundreds of 

Toys based « characters m 
the series are available in 
British toy shops. 

“It's perfectly okay to have 
diversity of viewing, indnifeg 
cartoon saper heroes” Mrs 
Charrea said. “What is not 
okay is for chSdreo to be 
misfed into thinking that what 
looks like a story, with some- 
thing to say, is really commer- 
cial speech, with something to 

Tfamderaas is among a 
groop of programmes that is 
the subject ofa pending com- 
plaint at the conmmnications 
commission (Bed by Mrs 
Cbamai*s organization with 
support Cram _ 150_ other 
agaunations, including the 
American Academy of Pedi- 
atrics aad toe National Educa- 
tion Association, fee country's 
largest teachers* union. 

The complaint dwiyfa 
toad the producers should be 
required to screen a disdesme 
that Thuudercets and 60 other 
similar series are produced 
with editorial control ex- 
ercised by toy murafoctorers, 
according to Mis Charren. 

The communications eftm- 
nusshm 'rejected an earlier 
complaint against Thunder- 
cots In which Action for 
Children's Television com- 
plained that television stations 
were improperly sharing it the 
profit* of toy sales. The 
commission ruled th at the 
practice was not QlegaL 

The BBC’s autumn schedule 
for children also indmles three 
new dramatic serials, The 
Cuckoo Sister, about a family 
disturbed by the apparent' 
retain of a long-lost child; The 
CkUdnm of Great Knom. 
based on toe novel by Lucy 
Boston; and Dead Entry, a spy 
thriller Gbried in Bristol. 

"ThcMamriiy WnggtowwfaMymrpdieyiBoaklbe 


n Bonus* t» paid from ftnrnt 

Fleece send me 

HhttCrulan. I undenpcamj. 

Present Asr 


Mrie Fannie 

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fiuaiameed after this date. 

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rrt: CIW AT TT Aurora 

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Among the special features of the TSB 
Group Share Offer is a bonus for the faithful. 

If you hold on to your shares for three years, 
you'll receive one bonus share for eveiy 10 you 
bought during the Offer (on the first £5000 
worth of your original investment). 

So if, for example, you’re allocated 500 
shares and keep them for three years, you'll 
then get 50 extra shares for no extra payment. 

The share price will be announced soon. 

Whatever this is, your minimum investment 
will be about £400, payable in two instalments: 
about half now and the balance in about 12 
months’ time. 

Unless, that is, you’ve been a TSB bank 
customer since before 17th December 1984 
and have registered your priority. Then, your 
minim um investment need be only about 
£200, similarly payable in two instalments. 

In either case, you can of course apply 

for more than the minimum. 

To reserve a prospectus and application 
form as soon as they’re available, send ih 
the coupon right away, phone 0272 300 300 

or call at any TSB branch. 

The TSB Group want as many share- 
holders as possible, from all walks of life. 

We hope you’ll be among them. 

Now tfs your turn to say yes. 

lb: TSBGioup 


Issued by La zard Brothers & Co., limited, through 
the TSB Group Share Information Office, 
on behalf of the Tiustee Savings Banks Central Board. 


■ >S '■ 

:V* : 

■. % 



C — 

>sa W\ 

Shortage of 
customs men 

‘helps drug 


. Drug traffickers are exploit- 

JSI * of customs 

officer by swamping controls 
with large numbers of couriers 
on flights, a joint union report 
said yesterday. 

The > major factor 
contributing to the increase in 
smuggling is the reduction in 
the number of customs offi- 
cers at ports and airports," it 
says. Fewer customs checks 
meant that officers “are no 
longer able to contain 

Britain needs another 1,345 
customs officers to combat the 
jncreasing amount of drugs 
being brought into the coun- 
try. according to the report, 
prepared by the Society of 
Civil and Public Servants 
.the Civil and Public Services 

Staff cuts of 1.039 between 
1979 and 1984 meant checks 
on passengers were down by 
30 per cent on private ve- 
hicles by 80 per cent and on 
freight by 65 per cent they 

The report estimates that 
fewer than 1 per cent of 
passengers are stopped by 
customs officers, and says: “At 
Heathrow, the pressure at 
peak times is so great that as 
few as one passenger in 400 is 
slopped and questioned." 

The report claims that staff 
cuts happened when there 
were clear signs that drug 
trafficking was on the in- 
crease. Between 1979 and 

1985, seizures of heroin rose 
by 774 percent and of cocaine 
by 265 per cent, but that 
represented only the tip of the 

It has been estimated, the 
report says, that only between 
1 3 per cent and 20 per cent of 
heroin is seized by customs 
officers, meaning that between 
1,701 and 2,617 kilos was 
smuggled into Britain in 198S. 
Cocaine smuggling is 

A spokeswoman for the 
Board of Customs and Excise 
said yesterday that, since 
1984, there had been an 
increase in the number of 
customs officers employed at 
pons and airports, and it was 
estimated that in 1987 the 
total would be back towards 
the 1979 figure. She did not 
deny there was a decrease 
between 1979 and 1984. 

While the continued im- 
portance of customs officers at 
ports- was certainly rec- 
ognized, there were other 
strategies, not least the 
successful improvement of 
intelligence sources. Partly by 
watching movements of 
freight and what people were 
doing with boats, profiles of 
potential smugglers were be- 
ing built up the spokeswoman 

'Fifty additional specialist 
drugs investigators had been 
recruited in I98S. along with 
1 60 officers m local informa- 
tion-gathering. . 

Legal defect lands 
buyers with losses 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The "case of the tenanted 
maggot farm" in which a 
company agreed to buy a 
maggot farm in Yorkshire for 
£8,500, plus 30 gallons of 
maggots a week for 20 years, 
may not be the most cele- 
brated case in legal history. 

But it points to a 200-year 
defect in the law which the 
Law Commission, the 
Government's law reform 
body, wants remedied. 

In a working paper today 
the commission says that 
under the present law buyers 
of land are prevented from 
recovering adequate damages 
if the deal falls through as a 
result of a defect in the title. 

Thai is the case even where 
there is an “undoubted breach 
of contract", it says. In the 
case of the “tenanted maggot 
farm", foe buyer agreed in 
1979 to purchase on terms 
that the farm was handed over 
with vacant possession. 

But because foe owner bad 
ici the form to business ten- 
ants and could not get them 
out. he was unable to com- 
plete the sale. The company 
claimed it lost more than 
£1 30.000 in trading profit. But 
the only damages recovered 
were £472.05 wasted legal fees. 

In another case, that of “the 
overlapping plans", a couple 
in 1982 were granted an 
option to buy a building plot 
in Buckinghamshire for a 
house. A year later they ex- 
ercised foe option and had a 

Blind woman 
left without 

A blind woman aged 86 
with a heart condition, thyroid 
trouble and arthritis bad to 
make her own way to hospital 
after her ambulance was can- 
celled, voluntary organiza- 
tions disclosed today. 

They said the woman, who 
has not been named, used to 
get an ambulance to foe 
hospital where she goes for eye 
treatment, but on August 14 
was told it had been cancelled. 

binding contract to buy foe 
land for £40.000. 

But it turned out that the 
seller had bought two acres of 
meadowland with a shop m 
1953 and when he had trans- 
ferred part of the land to his 
son and grandson in 1976, be 
got in a muddle and the plans 
.seemed to overlap foe build- 

The result was that the 
couple could not comptete.foe 
contract and foe most they 
could recover as damages was 
the £378.20 spent on legal fees. 

The Law Commission 
recommends that buyers of 
land in such cases should be 
able to recover adequate dam- 
ages. In general, when con- 
tracts are broken, an innocent 
party can recover all losses so 
long as the defaulter knew - or 
should have known — that 
when the contract was made 
those losses could occur. 

That has generally not ap- 
plied to land contracts on foe 
ground that land ownership 
and title are too complicated 
for sellers to understand! 

But that justification has 
gone, the Law Commission 
says, and the general rule 
should also apply. 

The commission, which in- 
vites views on its working 
paper by November 30, says 
that the rule could be abol- 
ished very easily, with a draft 
clause needing only 31 words. 

The Law Commission : working 
paper 98 (Stationery Office. 




L -- " 

Mr John Coutts in Hampton Coart park yesterday with the flock he has been ordered to remove (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

Sheep in 
royal park 
a ‘hazard 9 

Fears that sheep may pose a 
serious health hazard to fallow 

deer has prompted the Depart- 
ment of the Env ir o nm ent to 
seek the removal of a flock of 
200 ewes with lambs from 
Hampton Coart park. 

The hazard, malignant ca- 
tarrhal fever, may he passed 
on when sheep and deer are in 
dose contact. 

Mr John Contis, who has 
rented grazing in the park for 
many years, has been told to 
leave by September 22. He 
believes that the department is 
trying to 1 evict him in order to 
make way for a caravan site or 
an extension of the golf coarse. 

He has written tothe Queen 
a an attempt to solidt her 
support He rays that the 
sheep and deer have been 
grazing together for more than 
50 years, and neither has ever 
shown any sign of Illness. 

Meanwhile, deer which 
graze the Pnrbeck Hills in 
Dorset may be responsible for 
foe comity's worst onforeak of 
tuberculosis in cattle. 

Ministry of Agriotitare ex- 
perts are investigating foe 
possibility - «f a Irak. - The 
disease waSfllagBQsed in three 
Sika stags and one. roe deer 
that bad been ranting over foe 
farm affected by foe onforeak. 

So for 65 of about 300 
animals in a beef herd have 
been affected In the onforeak; 
which began in September 

1984, according to a ministry 

All foe deer have been-shot 
as part of a culling operation. 
They were examined 4s part of 
a Misifflistiy survey of the in- 
cidence of tuberculosis in deer, 
started in October 1984. 
Woodland owners involved in 
c u lls are being asked to send 
the internal organs of deer to I 
foe ministry for investigation. 

Tuberculosis infection in 
cattle is highest in the South- 
west There were 53 “new” 
cases of infected herds in 

1985, compared with only nine 
for foe rest of England. 

A ministry spokesman said 
yesterday that investigations 
of deer carcasses showed that 
tuberculosis was ' not wide- 
spread in deer in Britain. “The 
risk of spread of foe .disease 
from the den* to either cattle or 
humans must be rated very low 
at present.". 

In spile of being registered 
blind and in poor health, she 

UIIIIU ouv Ml ■ . . 

made her jo bosprtaj 
where she was told she should 
not have travelled by herself. 
She waited for an ambulance 
to take her home, but one did 
not arrive until after 7pm. 

The case is one of several 
being highlighted by Age Con- 
cern, foe Greater London 
Association for Disabled Peo- 
ple and the Royal National 
institute for foe Blind 

A nationwide search for 
Nadia Kreid, aged five, and 
her brother, Alex, aged three, 
(above) was ordered yesterday 
by a Higft Court judge. 

They disappeared with their 
mother, Mrs Wendy Kreid, 
aged 33, from their home in 
Foxhayes Road, Exeter, on 

A Their* father, Mr Husain 
Kreid, a Libyan-boro cash and 
carry worker, was in tears as 

he pleaded-for their return. 

“I want her and foe children 
hack. We are a family and 1 
appeal to her to come home. 
Obrionsly though I am wary 
worried about the duktrea. 
They are very young." 

.Mr Justice Wood in the 
High Court, London, lifted 
reporting restrictions in . the 
hope that publicity may help 
trace foe runaways^ and or- 
dered a starch for them. - 

FitzGerald facing 
farming crisis 

By Richard Ford 

Dr Garret. FitzGerald, 
prime minister of the Irish 
Republic^ arrived home last 
night for an emergency Cabi- 
net meeting to deal with the 
chaos left by the tail end of 
hurricane Charley. 

He cut short a holiday in 
Cyprus to return to Dublin, 
having received reports of the 
storms that had caused mil- 
lions of pounds of damage and 
the crisis feeing the fanning 

His Fine Gael-Labour cabi- 
net will also discuss foe 
increasing speculation that the 
coalition may be forced into 
an autumn general election, 
with the likelihood in that 
event of victory for Mr 
Charles Haughey’s Hanna 
Fail opposition party. 

There have been almost 
daily reports that he may be 
forced into a general election 
before one is due in Novem- 
ber next year, although senior 
colleagues of foe prime min- 
ister have attempted to 
dampen down the spate of 

However, top of the agenda 
at todays cabinet meeting will 
be consideration -of an emer- 
ald package for foe 
industry which the 
prime minister, Mr 
K ck Spring, said was “feeing 
crisr* after a second suc- 
cessive summer of disastrous 

The gales and rains that 
swept the country left thou- 

sands of acres of land under 
water, flattened the grain har- 
vest, facing the Ir£200 million 
cereal crop with ruin and 
threatening a severe fodder 
shortage this winter. 

The government will look at 
providing aid for formers in 
river valley areas and other 
measures to help cereal grow- 
ers. It is being urged to ask the 
EEC for cash to help the 

Even before the tail end- of 
the hurricane hit the republic, 
the farming industry was 
suffering from bad weather. 
The Irish Farmers’ Associ- 
ation said that formers were 
feeing a drop in income of a 

Farming organizations want 
an 8 per cent devaluation of 
foe Irish green pound after the 
recent devaluation of the punt 
(foe Irish pound) which they 
say would help the forming 
industry by Ir£60-million. 

Last year after bad weather 
the government provided 
Ir£10 million in aid fo an 
industry that is vitally im- 
portant to the economy; It 
provides a third of its exports 
and -employment for a fifth of 
the labour force. 

The storms also caused 

to property,' with the 
resort of Bray in Co Wicklow 
suffering damage estimated at 
Ix£2 million in floods when 
the river Daigle burst its 

British citizenship 
for test cricketer 

Clive Lloyd, the former 
West Indies cricket captain, 
and his wife have been granted 
British citizenship by the 
Home Office. 

Mr Lloyd, who has been in 
this country ever)' summer 
since first coming to play 
league cricket in Lancas hire in 
1967, has nude his home in 
Cheshire with his wife and 
three children. 

He joined foe playing staff 
of foe Lancashire county side 

. Clive Lloyd, who has twice 
been captain of Lancashire 

in 1968 and has been captain 
m two separate spells' in the 

“I have spent as long in this 
country as I have in my own in 
Gnyana," Mr 'Lloyd said yes- 
terday at Lord's, where Lah- 
cashire are playing 
Middlesex. “My home is here, 
my children were all born here 
and have British passports. 

Mr Uoyd was married in 
Manchester in 1971 and has 
lived near Wilmslow in Chesh- 
ire since then. He and his wife, 
Waveney, have two daughters 
and a son. 

It is widely believed that 
this wfl] be his last season in 
English county cricket He 
will fulfil a remaining am- 
bition when he captains Lan- 
cashire in a Lord's final for the 
first time next week, against 
Sussex for the NatWest Tro- 

Mr Lloyd, who will be 42 on 
Sunday, last played for his 
country in 1984-85. He was 
formerly a citizen of Guyana, 
and made his first class debut 
for British Guiana, as it was, 
in 1963-64, his test debut for 
foe West Indies in 1966-67, 
and became professional with 
Haslingden in the Lancashire 
League in 1967, his first visit 
to this country. 

He made his debut for 
Lancashire the following year 
against foe Australians. 

Mr Lloyd played for foe 
West Indies a record 110 times 
and led them in 74 test 

His new -status as a British 
citizen wiB not affect his 
registration as an overseas 
player in English cricket Lan- 
cashire have another overseas 
player in West Indian Cast 
bowler Patrick Patterson, and, 
according to Test and County 
Cricket Board rides, the two 
cannot play together in foe 
same team. 

air fares 
in Europe 

By Michael Baily 
Transport Editor 

Cheaper air feres in Europe 
had been brought significantly 
nearer by. the EEC threat of 
legal action against the leading 
European airlines, Mr Clinton 
Davis, a member of foe 
Commission of the European 
Communities, said yesterday. 

Negotiations between EEC 
governments on a more liberal 
regime had gathered mo- 
mentum since legal proceed- 
ings against 12 Community 
airlines were opened, he told 
the Financial Times aerospace 
conference in London. 

Mr Davis, who is Commis- 
sioner for Transport, said that 
he was now hopeful of agree- 
ment between Community 
governments before the end of. 
the year on a step-by-step 
approach to liberalization on 
Europe's air routes 

The main thrust of EEC 
proposals would be to remove 
the power of European gov- 
ernments to veto fare cuts, 
and efforts by airlines from 
other states to provide com- 
petition on their routes, Mr 
Davis said. 

Under present conditions 
fares were too high and the 
choice of services too re- 
stricted. The travelling public 
were not getting a fair deal. 

Mr Davis's approach was 
strongly supported by Mr 
Colin ’Marshall, chief exec- 
utive of British Airways, who 
said that fares were far too 
high in some areas of Europe, 
but it was for governments 
rather than airlines to deal 
with iL 

Higher fares through protec- 
tionism might have a short- 
term value. Mr Marshall said, 
but in foe long term they 
destroyed the industry’s abil- 
ity to match highly compet- 
itive airlines from the United 
States and Far East 

“Sooner rather than later 
the protective walls in Europe 
will be breached, and I would 
rather it were done now so 
that we in Europe can be well 
prepared to cope," he said. 

Mr Michael Spicer, Par- 
liamentary Under-Secretary 
of State at foe Department of 
Transport, forecast that there 
would be full competition* 
between European airlines 
within a single market by the 
year 2000. 

Criticizing existing restric- 
tions by EEC governments, he 
said: “We find it totally un- 
acceptable that there should 
be a virtually free market in 
foe EEC for manufacturers, 
but a virtually dosed system 
for services like those pro- 
vided by airlines." 

Legacy to 
save rare 

A wealthy Essex builder 
whose dying wish was for the 
classic English landscape to be 
preserved has left £800,000 to 
the National Trust in his wilL 
The- trust announced yes- 
terday flat £500,000 of Mr 
Edward Elliott’s legacy would 
go towards saving a mile-long 
stretch of coastline of 
outstanding natural beauty in 
north Norfolk. 

The coastline,.derignated by 
the Nature Conservancy 
Council as being of special 
scientific interest, is part of the 
Sheringbam Estate, which is 
being sold by foe trustees of 
Mr Thomas Upcher, who died 
last year. 

The National Trust is in foe 
process of purchasing 770 of 
the 1,400 acres of the estate. 
The full cost of purchase, 
repair and main tain enance 
will be about £1.75 million. 

Sheringbam Hall and its 
park were designed by Hum- 
phrey Reptoru the architect 

and landscape gardener, in the 
last century. Tbe purchase will 
mean that 'the coastline will 
remain open to foe public. 

There had been fears that 
the public would be denied 
access to the area for the first 
time in 200 years if the estate 
had been sold privately. 

A grant towards the cost of 
foe purchase will come from 
the National Heritage Me- 
morial Fund. The purchase 
will include cliffs at 
Weyboiirne, near 

Sheringbam, that provide 
nesting sites for sea birds, 
including a colony of fulmars. 

Wills, page 14 

Government employees accused of corruption 

contracts worth in excess of 
£50 million. 

Hie allegations under the 

■ -o-- ., - mmintinn ana Prevention of Corruption Act, 

with bribery, convpuon _ana and t h e Public Bodies 

conspiracy appeared in oo n . t practices Act, 1889. 

yesterday with .nine taMto* the period between 

contractors and a fonivtrmr ^ Md Apri] .jgg 4 . 

Nine officials of the govern- 
ment Property Services 
Agency charged in connection 
rTw hriKarv mmintion ana 

plovce of the defunct Greater 
London Council. 

They faced a total of 88 
summonses between them at 
Horscferry hy 

concerning alleged bn »y 
businessmen of 

abroad, cash rewards and 
home improvements fcrOvd 
Servants in return tfo ' ™ 
era live government building 

The summons were filed 
after a big two-year investiga- 
tion by tbe Metropolnafrand 
City Police company fraud 
department. ’ 

They concern buikung con- 
tracts for work at St James's 
palace: Hampton Court Pal- 
ace: Harpenden House in 
Westminster, The Royal Hos- 
pital in Chelsea: Great West- 

minster House and foe 
Ministry of Defence<rwned 
Empress State building in 
Earls Court. 

The accused Property Ser- 
vice Agency men are two 
district work officers and six 
technical officers employed at 
the agency’s St James's Park, 
Hampton Court.- West- 
minster. Victoria. Wellington 
and Chelsea district works 

All 19 men were remanded 
on unconditional bail for 
committal proceedings on 
October 28. 

The contrac to rs are: Pote-r Ataar. 


urrey: two 
62 . of mangrove. Tunbridge 

«Mih. Stony; twadtew Joinwto gsji. 

Kent, and nranatt Angrfi. ». of 
BeltaMs wood Farm. Rosenary Lane. 
Fiimweii. East Sum: Conn 
f«. «a. or Sway Lane, cneam. 
and Mi brouter, feter AjwoU- 
-M. or Woodpeckers- The Ridge. 
Epsom. Surrey: Maurice Hewn. 6 Gl of 
Mount Park Road. EwUttte. west 
London: Jann Luc*, BE. of The 

Saddlery. Wain-rod. Hemal Hamp- 
stead. Hertfordshire: Kevin Stroud. 
33. Of Downs Road. Belmont. Surrey. 

The agency men are: victor Parry, 
of Bennett Road. Krn«rtown. Brigh- 
ton: and JMHfti TrevflUon, 61. of 


8SBIW. Romford: James. Brain. 64. of 
VaUey View Garden*. Ken ley. Surrey: 
Ror Hughn. «X of Seymour Road. 
-Hampton Wk*. Surrey; Douglas Kern 

Of wontmwtan Mouse. Si Martin's 
estate. Colts HULl Bmdore Frederick 
iskliy. 60. Of OU Meidrum Road. 
New Macham. Aberdeenshire: Erick 
Wmdbwn- B4. BUChhwn Drive. 
Lark! lew. Ken I 

Sayers & Son. and Siylemora Lid. 

You don't have to be Einstein to enjoy the Energy 
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The Gulf War 

Arab ministers 
consider naval 
and air guard 
for oil tankers 

From Robert Flslc, Bahrain 
A network of radar detec- over the construction 

tion and a new system of naval 
escorts may be employed (0 
protect oil tankers from Ira- 
nian air attack in the seal an es 
of the Gulf, after a meeting of 
Arab oil ministers of the six 
Gulf Co-operation Council 
states in Saudi Arabia 

in an attempt to lessen the 
impact of the Iranian raids, in 
which an estimated 37 tankers 
have been damaged so far this 
year, a GCC military commit- 
tee has drawn up a report 
containing detailed plans for 
naval and air protection for 
commercial shipping. 

Sources in the Saudi town of 
Abha. where the ministers are 
conferring, said that escorts 
for oil tankers could be drawn 
from the navies of the GCC 

Oman, for example, pos- 
sesses four fast attack craft 
armed with French-made Exo- 
cet missiles, while Saudi Ara- 
bia could deploy its new 
French-built frigate, ironically 
called the Abha, which carries 
26 Crotale surface-to-air mis- 
siles. The Saudis have three 
other frigates, all equipped 
with Exoceis. 

Tanker captains, however, 
are unlikely to greet the GCCs 
deliberations with much en- 
thusiasm, at least for the 

The Arab Gulf states have 
proved notoriously slow in 
implementing even their own 
joint security plans, and only 
four months ago two of the 
GCC states - Qatar and 
Bahrain — were in dispute 

of a 

radar project, allegedly com- 
missioned by the GCC on a 
coral reef in Bahraini waters. 

The ministers yesterday dis- 
cussed the use of advanced 
radar on naval vessels in the 
Gulf and the possibility of co- 
ordination between naval es- 
corts and jet fighters of GCC 
air forces, including Britisb- 
made Tornadoes, Mirages and 
FI 6s. Bui the officials appar- 
ently preferred a system of 
protection involving naval 
craft using ground-to-air mis- 
siles rather than aircraft. 

Shipowners along the west- 
ern coast of the Gulf have 
themselves been discussing a 
number of methods of protect- 
ing their tankers, including a 
system of firing cannisters 
around their vessels contain- 
ing pieces of aluminium that 
would mislead an incoming 
missile's radar. 

Shipping sources here say 
the owners have also sug- 
gested draping nets around the 
hulls of tankers to deflect or 
lessen the impact of a missile. 

Other ideas have included 
painting ships in non-reflect- 
ing paint to avoid radar 

Fitting anti-aircraft missiles 
onto merchant ships has been 
ruled out for political reasons. 

Meanwhile. Iraq, against 
whose attacks on tankers 
copying Iranian oil the GCC 
ministers are not planning any 
protection, announced yes- 
terday that its aircraft had 
attacked a tanker near the 
Iranian coast but there was no 
confirmation of the raid. 

Iran warning to Turks 

Tehran (Reuter) — Iranian 
leaders have voiced concern 
over a Turkish raid against 
Kurdish rebels in Iraq, and 
yesterday told Turkey to stay 
neutral in the Gulf war. in 
talks with the visiting Foreign 
Minister. Mr Vahit Halcfoglu. 

Tehran radio quoted Presi- 
dent Alt Khamenei as telling 
the Turkish minister: “The 
least our brave and sensitive 

people expea from a neigh- 
bouring country is to remain 

It said Mr Halefoglu. who 
arrived yesterday on a three- 
dav visit, told Mr Khamenei 
and the Prime Minister. Mr 
Mir-Hossein Mousavi. that 
there had been no change in 
Turkey’s neutrality in the Gulf 

Kohl acts to curb 
asylum seekers 

From Frank Johnson, Bonn 

Measures to stop the influx 
of Third World asylum-scek- 
ers into West Germany were 
announced here yesterday by 
Chancellor Kohl. 

Fights between Indians and 
Iranians on Tuesday night at 
two makeshift centres for 
asylum-seekers at Passau. on 
the Austrian border, left eight 
people injured, including an 
Indian who is in hospital in 
danger of his life. 

It was the latest of several 
ftghis in such centres. At one 
in Bavaria earlier in the 
summer, a Ghanaian died in a 
clash between Ghanaians and 

Herr Kohl implied that the 
measures would not be 
■ enough to deal with the prob- 
lem. It could be resolved 
completely, he suggested, if 
East Germany were persuaded 
10 Mop letting the asylum 
seekers into West Germany 
via East Berlin. 

He said there had already 
been talks with East Germany, 
but money had not been 
discussed. When the East 
Germans were sending thou- 
sands of Tamils into West 
German) last year, a big West 
German" credit persuaded 
them to slop. 

Most people here believe 
that the present influx from 

Iran, Lebanon, Bangladesh, 
India and Ghana will only be 
ended by the same means. 

None of the measures an- 
nounced by Herr Kohl will 
directly a fleet the East Ger- 
man traffic in asylum-seekers. 

Transit visas will be re- 
quired from people from cer- 
tain “problem states’*, which 
arc understood to include 
Lebanon. Syria, Ghana. Paki- 
stan and Bangladesh. 

This measure was not being 
lightly taken, Herr Kohl said, 
but there had been a misuse of 
transit stops, particularly at 
Frankfurt. Holiday visas from 
the same range of countries 
will be limited to four weeks 
instead of eight. 

People already in West Ger- 
many whose applications for 
asylum are being considered 
will not be allowed to take jobs 
until five years have passed, 
instead of two as at present. 

Asylum-seekers who have 
lived’ for three months, before 
reaching West Germany, in a 
country in which they have 
not been persecuted will not 
be allowed to remain. 

Airlines that bring in pas- 
sengers who do not have valid 
papers will be lined DM2.000 
[£650) a passenger and will 
have to return them at their 
own expense. 

Peres sees 
new start 
in Africa 

Jerusalem - Mr Shimon 
Peres, the Israeli Prime Min- 
ister. has relumed from his 28- 
hour visit to Cameroon 
confident that the resumption 
of ties with Yaounde could be 
the beginning of an important 
breakthrough in relations be- 
tween Israel and Africa {Da- 
vid Bernstein writes). 

“1 view my visit to Cam- 
eroon as the start of a new 
chapter in our relations with 
the whole of Africa." he said. 

“From what I heard from 
the Cameroon president, Mr 
Paul Biya. we can expect 
renewed lies with another two 
. or three African countries." 

Mr Peres did not specify 
which countries, or when he 
relations might be renewed. 
Most likely, according to in- 
formed speculation here, are 
.Togo. Gambia. Guinea and 
the Central African Republic. 

In 1973 all but three black 
African states. Malawi Swazi- 
land and Lesotho, severed ties 
Rafter Israel invaded the .Af- 
rican side of the Suez Canal. 

Four have now renewed 
lies: Zaire in 1982. Liberia in 
1984. the Ivory Coast in 
February- and now Gim- 
i croon. 

Britons flock 
to Spanish sun 

Madrid - Statistics for the 
first seven months of 1986 
suggest that this will be a 
record year for Spanish tour- 
ism. with some 46 million 
visitors expected to spend half 
as much again as last year 
Tourist industry sources 
said yesterday that there had 
been 30 per cent fewer US 
v isitors, but many more from 
Europe. including 32 per cent 
more from Britain. 

Simmering issues that made Soweto explode 

v;‘ » ;!/ • v. '.w-v.-; ’ ■' ~ • < ' --Vy ~a • *.* . ' 

i v • • Kv r'4 ■■■' H' Syv’ 

■. /toed i* ..'iT . 

From Michael Hornsby 

Soweto, Johannesburg's 
great Mack satellite dry, bad 
been simmering for a month or 
more before this week's 
dashes with the police, which 
hare already claimed more 
than a dozen lives. 

Two issues hi particular 
fuelled the tension: the battle 
of wills between the Govern- 
ment and residents over the 
non-payment of rent, ami the 
crisis in the schools, where the 
authorities have taken a tomgb 
line with political activists. 

Sprawling over half a dozen 
low, featureless hflb to (he 
south-west of Johannesburg, 
and covering seme 40 square 
miles, Soweto is home, at a 
conservative estimate, to 

1,250,000 people, the biggest 
black rity m Sonth Africa and 
one of the biggest on the 

It was the epicentre of the 
1976 uprising, which began 

when thousands of black 
schoolchildren marched in 
protest against a gov ernm ent 
decree wiring Afrikaans one 
of the compulsory languages of 
instruction in black secowlary 

In the dvO strife which has 
swept black townships since 
the end of 1984, taking more 
than 2.000 lives, Soweto has 
been less prominent, partly 
because the structures of 
political resistance forged 10 
years ago were able to fill the 
vac tram left by the decay of 
adminis trati o n. 

Considerable smns of public 
money have also been devoted 
since 1976 to improving con- 
ditions in Soweto, even if its 
endless rows of identical brick 
bungalows, set along dusty, 
treeless, refuse-littered 

streets, still make it an appall- 
ingly bleak and unappealing 
place to live. 

One of the most striking 
changes has been the supply of 
electricity to all of Soweto's 

Relatives and neighbours gathe r round the body of a victim of street fi ghting in the White City district of Soweto. 

and left to roam the streets. Id dim even took over history 
addition, rifle-carrying sol- lessons, telling papils mat 
diers, invariably young white Vasco da Gama, the 15th 
conscripts, were stationed in 
the grounds of most secondary 

107,000 homes. Ten years ago; 
only one in five had any 
electricity at alL The roads 
and sewerage system have also 
been much improved, and 
some 33,000 homes are now 
privately owned. 

Sharp increases in rent and 
service charges have been 
imposed to pay for these 
improvements, however, and 
thousands of Sowetans began 
a rent boycott at the beginning 
of June, reducing rent collec- 
tion to a third of Its normal 

Pressure built up as die 
authorities threatened to evict 
defaulting tenants, many of 
whom were afraid to pay np 

lest they earn the wrath of 
militant young “comrades", 
who are still active in the 
townships despite mass ar- 
rests and detentions under the 
State of Emergency. 

The other focus of tension 
has been the schools, which 
opened after an extended win- 
ter holiday on July 14, under a 
stria new regime which in- 
volved screening all returning 
students for political activists 
and “agitators", and issuing 
identity cards to those who 
were cleared. 

Many thousands who tailed 
to register in tune, or were 
refused identity cards, were 
barred from classes for a year. 

Two-and-a-faalf weeks ago, 
students began boycotting 
classes oa Wednesdays, 
Thursdays and Fridays in 
protest against the presence of 
the soldiers. Confined initially 
to secondary schools, the boy- 
cott has began to spread to the 
less politicized primary 

At me school, the Mafseke 
High School in the Orlando 
West district of Soweto, soL 

centrny Portuguese explorer, 
had set foot on South African 
soil before any Mack man, 
according to Mrs Albertina 
Sisulu, the wife of Mr Walter 
Sisuln, the jailed former Sec- 
retary-General of the outlawed 
African National Congress 

“There were not only armed 
soldiers in the classrooms," 
said Mrs Sisnlu, who led a 
protest by a delegation of 
parents, which succeeded in 
getting the soldiers removed. 
“They escorted pupils, even 
girls, to the toilet" 

Crisis for 

From Peter Nichols 

Luxury hotels in Rome arc 
working at about a fifth of 
their capacity, and the cata- 
strophic situation, it is be- 
lieved here, is the result of 
something much broader than 
the American tourist boycott 
of Europe. 

Signor Angelo Bettoia, 
chairman of the National 
Federation of Hoteliers, said 
here yesterday that another 
attack by the Americans 
against Libya could finish 
many hotels. 

A £3.3 million campaign 
partly financed by the state, 
aimed at showing the brighter 
image of Italy and planned 
earlier this year after terrorist 
attacks on Rome and Vienna 
airports killed several tourists, 
is now coming into effect in 
the United States. 

But Signor Bettoia had not 
foreseen that other national- 
ities would also abandon Italy. 

Rome is the worst affected, 
followed by Florence and 
Venice, but beach resorts are 
reasonably full. This suggests 
an era may be ending in 
European tourism based on 
package tours. 

The power of resistance of 
the beach and mountain re- 
sorts is not in Signor Bcttoia's 
view to be taken as a saving 
grace. “Other countries have 
sun and sea and mountains 
while we alone have Rome 
and Florence and Venice. 
Once we lose them we can lose 
the rest." 

Reasons can be found for 
the fall, including the Ameri- 
can boycott and the fear of 
terrorism, shown by the rel- 
atively steep fall this year in 
the number of persons using 
aircraft to come to Italy, by 
comparison with those cross- 
ing the borders by train or 
motor car. 

Air traffic, according to the 
federation's latest figures, up 
to early summer, was some- 
thing in the region of 16 per 
cent down. 

In the past visitors also 
came to the Italian cities to 
shop. Now the great names 
have their own boutiques in 
the big cities of the world, at 
prices competitive with 
Rome, Florence or Venice. 

Signor Bettoia is to ask his 
federation to support an ex- 
pert inquiry. 

If the answer is not found, 
he says. the hotel industry may 
face unemployment on a scale 
unknown since the Depre- 

Tension in Mediterranean 

US plays down reports of 
imminent raid on Libya 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

Adrainistra- where the deliberately alarm- • MOSCOW: The US naval 

The Reagan 
lion's war of nerves against 
Colonel Gadafii of Lilya ap- 
pears to have got out of hand, 
and senior officials are now 
trying to dampen speculation 
that a second and larger US 
raid on Libya is imminent. 

The intense speculation, 
prompted by a report leaked 
to the Wall Street Journal that 
the Pentagon had completed 
contingency plans and was 
ready for a pre-emptive strike, 
has both pleased and worried 
officials here. 

The aim of publicizing US 
determination to keep up the 
pressure on Libya has been 
amply achieved. But the 
Administration does not want 
to alarm Europe with talk of 
another unilateral US raid on 
the eve of Mr Vernon Walters’ 
visits to garner allied support 
for tougher sanctions against 

Officials, who readily con- 
firmed at the beginning of the 
week that Colonel Gadaffi had 
not given up bis desire to 
promote international terror- 
ism, are now being more 

They suggest that the US 
has no new hard evidence of a 
direct Libyan connection in 
recent terrorist incidents. And 
the White House is privately 
suggesting that officials in the 
National Security CounciL 

ist talk began, may have 
overstated the case. 

"Our fear is that these panic 
stories will undercut the Wal- 
lers mission," The New York 
Times yesterday quoted one 
administration official as say- 
ing. “The Europeans will ask 

Colonel Gaddafi has opened a 
US-designed steel and cement 
pipe factory, part of an irriga- 
tion scheme he calls the eighth 
wonder of the world, amid 
chants of “God is the greatest, 
may a storm destroy America 
(Renter reports from Brega, 
Libya). It will pomp water 400 
miles from reservoirs under 
the desert to the coastal plains. 

us for the hard evidence, and 
we won't have any. It will look 
like we're crying wolf again.” 

Nevertheless, the US is 
determined to keep up the 
sabre-rattling to unsettle the 
Libyan leader and give en- 
couragement to his opponents 
at home. The US has insisted 
that the current military ex- 
ercises with Egypt were 
planned months ago. 

However, the USS Forrestal 
has cancelled a planned port 
visit in Israel this weekend, 
and the carrier has been 
ordered to remain on duty in 
the central Mediterranean 
near Libya. 

build-up off the Libyan coast 
was bei ng used by Washington 
to divert attention from its 
rejection of recent Kremlin 
arms control initiatives, Prav- 
da said (Reuter reports). 

Pravda noted the presence 
in the Mediterranean of the 
US aircraft carriers Forrestal 
and America. 

"Thus a mailed fist is being 
prepared north of Libya, while 
south of that country, in Chad, 
suspicious activity has been 
started," it said. 

"We believe that this is a 
diverting maneouvre," the 
commentary added. "Now 
that the whole world is 
discussing the Soviet peace 
initiatives, the US Admin- 
istration simply has no sen- 
sible excuses why h is rejecting 
these proposals. 

“In these conditions, the 
White House has apparently 
decided to divert the attention 
of the public in Europe and in 
its own country to another 
problem so as to be able to 
evade an answer to the main 
issue of concern for people ” 

The article was apparently 
referring to Washington's re- 
fusal to join a year-long uni- 
lateral Soviet moratorium on 
nuclear testing, which was 
extended last week to January 
1, 1987. 

Leading article, page 11 

Family of 
meet press 

From David Bernstein 

The newly reunited Shchar- 
ansky family went public for 
the first time yesterday, with a 
press conference in Jerusalem 
after having spent the first 36 
hours in Israel in determined 
seclusion. . 

Mr Anatoly Sbcharansky, 
attributed the reunion to an 
uncompromising and un- 
remitting public campaign 
against Soviet human rights 
violations. Since arriving in 
Israel he had refused to 
“buckle under" to Soviet pres- 
sure to drop the campaign. 

He was perturbed by a 
report, attributed to Mr 
Shimon Peres, the Israeli 
Prime Minister, that a Soviet 
team had been invited to 
Israel to continue the talks 
broken off after 90 minutes in 
Helsinki this month. 

“If Israel now shows some 
signs of back-tracking ... not 
insisting on any linkage, for 
example, to the future of 
Soviet Jewry, this would serve 
as a bad example to the rest of 
the world,” he said. 

Mr Leonid Sbcharansky, 
who arrived in Israel on 
Monday with his non-Jewish 
wife, Raya, his two children, 
and his mother, Mrs Ida 
Milgrom, said that his long 
struggle with Soviet authori- 
ties had not been political or 
ideological, but motivated 
simply by desire to secure the 
release of his brother. 





Harare (Reuter) - Zim- 
babwe security officials yes- 
terday detained for three and a 
half hours Jan Raath, a cor- 
respondent for The Times, 
and told him he had been 
stripped of his Zimbabwean 
ciiaenship, colleagues and 
lawyers said. 

Raath, aged 39, was bom in 
South Africa but had worked 
here for 14 years. He look 
Zimbabwean citizenship last 

Minister to 
be executed 

Moscow (Reuter) — A for- 
mer minister for the cotton 
cleaning industry in the Soviet 
Republic of Uzbekistan has 
been sentenced to death for 

Vakhobzhan Usmanov 
padded production figures, 
gave help to embezzlers and 
took bribes. 

Law approved 

• Paris (Reuter) — France’s 
Constitutional Council has 
approved a new law on iden- 
tity checks which has been 
contested by the Opposition. 

Hail damage 

Berne (Reuter) .— A 15- 
minute hailstorm in the Ge- 
neva area last week caused 
more than 100 million francs 
(£40 million) in damage. 

Briton freed 

Delhi (Reuter) — Police in 
Goa released Mr Shiv Kumar 
Trikha. aged 24, a British 
citizen, who had been held for 
two days because be resem- 
bled a prime suspect in the 
murdeT of the retired army 
chief. General Arun Vaidya. 

Playboy clear 

Istanbul (Reuter) — The 
Turkish editions of men's 
magazines Playboy and Play- 
men have been acquitted in 
obscenity cases against them. 

Stamp protest 

Berlin (Reuter) — East Ger- 
many protested against the 
rejection by the West German 
Post Office of its stamps 
depicting the Berlin Wall as a 
bastion against fascism. 

Eta expulsion 

Bayonne (Reuter) — France 
expefleda suspected Basque 
militant to Spam, the seventh 
in less than six weeks and the 
second in less than 24 hours. 

Bodies found 

Schiers (Reuter) — Swiss 
police have recovered the 
bodies of two Italians wedged 
between rocks in the Land- 
quart river after their canoe 

Room sealed 

Jerusalem — Israeli security 
forces sealed off a room in the 
home of Mr Allah al-Din 
Bazyan, the blind leader of the 
terror gang charged with 
murdering Mr Paul Appleby 
of Bristol earlier this year. The 
homes of terrorist suspects are 
usually demolished. 

Balkan storm 

Belgrade (Reuter) — Gales 
and torrential rains caused 
£16.6 million damage in the 
Yugoslav republic of Slovenia 
over the weekend. 

Mr Yassir Arafat, chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization, bang greeted on his 
arrival in Maputo yesterday by President Samora Machel of Mozambique. The two will 
have discussions on “matters of mutual interest" during Mr Arafat’s brief visit 

Chirac flies out to soothe South Pacific critics 

From Diana Geddes 

M Jacques Chirac, the 
French Prime Minister, flew 
out from Paris last night for a 
two-day visit to the French 
overseas territory of New 
Caledonia, in the Sooth Pa- 
cific. where he will attempt to 
explain his Government's 
plans for the fnture of the 
islands, and calm growing 
criticism of France in the 

The 13 member states of the 
South Pacific Forum, includ- 
ing Australia and New Zea- 
land, called unanimously ear- 
lier this month for New 
Caledonia to be placed on the 
United Nations' list of terri- 
tories to be decolonized. 

The Kaxiak Socialist Na- 

tional Liberation Front 
(FINKS), the main separatist 
movement in New Caledonia, 
now hopes to persuade the 
non-aligned countries to sup- 
port a similar appeal to the 
United Nations during their 
summit meeting in Harare this 

The new conservative 
French Government last 
month scrapped the Socialists’ 
plans for a vote on the 
somewhat ambiguous formula 
of "independence in associ- 
ation with France" for New 
Caledonia, and is proposing 
ii ffltai) to hold a vote within 
the next 12 months on a choice 
of either outright indepen- 
dence or a new statute, under 
which the islands would re- 
main firmly part of the French 

Republic. The ELNKS, which 
won only 28 per cent of the 
vote In the islands' regional 
elections last September, fears 
that the new proposals, voted 
into law last July, will take 
them one further step away 
from their goal of full 

They are now demanding 
that only the indigenous 
Kanaka be allowed to partici- 
pate in the rote ou the islands'’ 

However, M Bernard Pons, 
the Minister for Overseas 
Departments and Territories, 
rejected the demand out of 
hand, describing it as “ab- 

The Kanaks represent wily 
43 per cent of New Caledonia's 

150.000 population, while the 

white settlers of European 
origin represent 37 per cent. 
Immigrants from Tahiti, Wal- 
lis and Foituna and the Indian 
sub-continent account for the 
remaining 20 pm- cent 

While a majority of the 
whites are looking forward to 
M Chirac's visit as a symbol of 
New Caledonia's strong ties 
with France, the separatists 
fear that it could provoke new 
tensions between the various 
groups on the islands after a 
period of relative calm. 

Since the introduction last 
September of a new regional 
system of local government, 
the Kanak separatists have 
been able to exercise a modi- 
cum of real pow er for the first 

M Chirac, who will be 
accompanied by five ministers, 
will make a point of meeting 
the presidents of the fonr new 
regional cou n cils, three of 
which are controlled by the 
separatists, as well as the 
right-wing leaders of the 
islands* territorial congress, 
who are aliened to his own 
Gaullist RPR party. 

After bis visit to New 
Caledonia, M Chirac will fly 
on Sunday for a 24-hour visit 
to the French overseas terri- 
tory of Wallis and Fortune, 
also in the South Pacific, 
before going on for what is 
officially described as a “pri- 
vate vfait" to Papeete, in 
Tahiti, the capital of French 

Chernobyl rescue 
made leak worse 

From Pearce Wright Science Editor, Vienna 
The escape of radioactivity how the calculations bad been 

from the Chernobyl nuclear 
reactor in April was made 
worse over the first ten days 
by the measures taken to 
contain the accident 

The consequences of using 
helicopters to dump boron 
and dolomite into the reactor 
crater, followed by lead, clay 
and sand, have been pieced 
together by health and medi- 
cal experts, questioning their 
Soviet counterparts at a “tech- 
nical inquest" organized here 
by the International Atomic 
Energy Agency. 

Details provided .by the 
Russians showed that a plume 
of radioactivity poured out for 
more than a week because the 
temperature of the vault cre- 
ated when the reactor ex- 
ploded was the same on the 
tenth day as it was on the first. 

Then it dropped suddenly, 
and the emission of particles 
stopped when the struggle to 
seal the' reactor succeeded. 

This pattern of radioactive 
release emerged as doctors 
from Europe and the United 
Slates sought answers from 
their Soviet counterparts on 

done of the radiation exposure 
to people at different distances 
from the power station. 

In medical research terms, 
the greatest importance is 
attached to the 1 35.000 people 
who were evacuated from the 
area of 30 square kilometres 
around the plant, which is 
now an area of quarantine. 

Dr Roger Berry, of Middle- 
sex Hospital in London, and a 
consultant to the British 
delegation in Vienna, said that 
continuing monitoring of the 
health of the 135.000 people 
could be shared usefully with 
the Soviet Union by medical 
centres in Britain and 

The annual tests would be 
elaborate and strain the health 
resources of any country. Yet 
many of the analyses of blood 
samples could be done any- 
where in the world. 

The degree of exposure of 
these people has so for only 
been estimated. But the sci- 
entists believe that by this 
time next year the precise dose 
of radiation they received 
could be determined. 

Unrest ‘exaggerated’ 

Moscow (Reuter) - A So- 
viet official yesterday de- 
scribed -reports of unrest 
among Estonian military re- 
servists drafted to help with 
decontamination work near 
the Chernobyl nuclear reactor 
as exaggerated. 

The official, from the Esto- 
nian representation in Mos- 
cow. said that he had not seen 
articles in an official Estonian- 
language newspaper which re- 

ported a work stoppage by 
conscripts who learnt that 
their tour of duty in Cher- 
nobyl was being extended. 

But after hearing a > sum- 
mary of the reports in the 
Communist youth newspaper, 
Soane Horn, be said he 
thought that the account of 
unrest was exaggerated, add- 
ing: “Personally I think this is 
either a mistake or a 
provocation." ‘ 


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1 11)16 

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Law ; 


Haii ilamj' 

Briton free; 

l*ia> ;»n> d 

Shs:-ip pr..: 

Lfa i \pu!‘ 

fi.i;,:. s 


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Tamil guerrillas keep oi 

International pressure 
gives impetus to search 
for peace in Sri Lanka 

From Michael Hanriyn, Colombo 

No m *&exumt can be 
55h& made without the concurrence 

anv t0 861 of the extremist groups, which 

^wi a n ?3 BWar ' have been fighting fora sepa- 
2H“““? n S ?" th ™ ain rate Tamil Stale in the north 

“ No official statement has 
yet been made on the content 

£E?2F3L^ f®,*? 01 *: Of the talks in Colombo, but h 
hnans of the Tamil United dear that untfl now they 

tirians of the Tamil United 
Liberation Front (Tulf). 

uoerauon From (Tulf). have been concentrating on 
Incidents like the finding of the details of devolution - of 
Tamil refugees afloat in the powers to nine provincial 
Atlantic off Newfoundland councils, .and have so far left 
have concentrated the atten- alone the main issues, on 
don of the international which there is . much less 
community on the strife in the chance of real agreement 
island republic. There has, though, been a 

There also is a renewed measure of agreement on wbai 

determination by India, the 
regional giant, to settle mat- 
ters before they can expand 
beyond regional status. 

At the same time the 
present pace of negotiations is 
achingly slow. Western dip- 
lomats observing the process 
are anxious lest the present 
pressure for a settlement be 
dissipated, but it is now dear 
that the present round of talks 
will not produce a solution. 

' “There will have to be 
another round of tails,™ said 
Mr AppapiUai Amirthalin- 
gam, the secretary-general of 
Tulf, who is leading the Tamil 

Mr Amirfeal ing am and his 
colleagues will return to Ma- 
dras in India at the weekend to 
consult their colleagues. 

They will also give some 
indication to the armed mili- 
tants based in south India of 
the progress that has so far 
been male. 

used to be thought of as 
difficult subjects, such as the 
relationship between the cen- 
tral and the devolved govern- 
ments on police powers and 
ob land settlements. 

Government sources fed 
that there is virtual agreement 
on the new police set-up, and 
that only one more issue needs 
solving on land settlement. 

While the negotiations have 
been taken up with this, no 
doubt valuable, kind of deal- 
ing, the issue of whether or not 
the northern and eastern prov- 
inces could combine as one 
uni t has not bran discussed. 

This is likely to be the kev to 
the success or failure of the 
negotiations. Both sides have 
deeply entrenched positions 
on it. 

“It is fundamental to the 
security of our people that the 
northern and eastern prov- 
inces should form one unit,** 
Mr Amirthalingam said yes- 

But the Government knows 
■that Sinhalese opposition to a 
combination of the two areas 
has been the point at which 
many previous attempts at 
solvmg the ethnic crisis broke 
down. . . 

A second important issue 
which is expected to be 
broached only today when the 
two sides meet — leaving only 
one further session before the 
Tulf leaves the country — is 
the list of subjects which will 
be the responsibilities of the 
new councils and which re- 
tained by the centre. 

It seems unlikely that there 
win be time for an agreement * 
to be hammered out. 

One way of compromising 
on issues to bring a speedier 
agreement has been the 
establishm ent of various com- 
missions to look into specific 
problems — an example a g ai n 
offered by India, which man- 
aged to produce a peace 
accord in strife-torn Punjab by 
referring contentious issues to 
judicial referees, but not al- 
ways with success. 

In this way it seems pos- 
able, for example, that plan- 
ning the funding of the new 
councils will be referred to a 
finan ce commission. 

There are hopes that the 
dis pute over the unifi cation of 
the two Tamil-dominated 
provinces could reach a com- 

promise by reference to a ' 

boundaries commission, to sit oi x 

after the new councils begin JMJVIGT D3.CT 
operation. But this seems less tf 

likely to have the endorse- 

meat of the Tamils. ICIvLlvU 

-• J*"— “*3 

-i r_“. 4»' ' ' — *- 

. -.-‘V 

v .r** •• 


Members of the Tamil Tigers Tigers of Tamil Eelam, usn- 
guerrQla group (above) taking ally with combat experience. 

part in a mock battle at a 
training camp about 20 miles 
north of Jaffna, Sri La nk a, 
while another crawls under 
barbed wire (left). 

About 120 new members are 
trained in guerrilla warfare 
every three months at the 
camp near the coastal town of 
Valveddrtmai. and within 1 Vi 
miles of three Array camps. 

With Tiger activities mov- 
ing further south down the east 
coast, many of the new recruits 
are from those areasand will 
go home once their training in 

The Tigers says they take 
pride in maintaining a rigid, 
professional army-style train- 
ing routine. They also make 

n their own weapons. 

The instructors are other , , , _ . . 

members of the Liberation (Photographs; John Reardon) 

Ruling party triumphs 
in Bangladesh poll 

Dhaka (Reuter) - The pro- 
Govemment Jatiya Party won 
all eight seats in parliamentary, 
by-elections hekl in Bangla- 
desh yesterday, amid oppo- 
sition charges of widespread 
fraud and violence. 

Election officials said oppo- 
sition candidates trailed by 
tens of thousands of votes. 

But a spokesman for. the 
opposition Awami League 
said; “Our victory has been 
robbed by die Government at 
gunpoint.” . ..:“ „ . 

The by-electrons were called 
in the eight constituencies to 
fill seats vacated by MPs who 
won in more than one constit- 
uency in the general election 
on May 7. 

Candidates in that election 
were permitted to run in up to 

800 Hindus 
arrested to 
prevent march 

by Lange 

From Richard Long 

Setback for Britain in case 
against MI5 memoirs 

five constituencies. Mr Sajeda More than 800 Hindus were 
Chowdhury, general secretary arrested yesterday in Ahmed- 
of the Awami League, accused abad, the capital of Gujarat, to 
the Government and Jatiya prevent them from holding 
workers of “conducting a processions to celebrate the 
reign of terror by use of force birthday of Lord Krishna 
and intimidation to help {Kuldip Nayar writes from 
Jatiya candidates™ . Delhi). 

reign of terror by use of feree birthday of Lord Krishna 
and intimidation to help (Kuldip Nayar writes from 
Jatiya candidates™ . Delhi). , , _ 

... The Hindu SurakshaSaram 
Opposition sources. said at (Organization for Protection 
least 100 Awami League work- J, f Hindus), had called the 
ers were injured by Jatiya despite a Government 

activists, mostly ursouthem ^ 

Noakhali district They said Ten companies of paramili- 
potice arrested more th an 50 tafy pq^ had been airlifted 
people at voting centres. to Ahraedabad at the request 
The Foreign' Minister, Mr of the stale government, 
Humayun: . Rasbeed which expected trouble. 

Chowdhury, condemned what Ahraedabad has been the 
he described as acts of vi- scene of many Hindu-Mushra 
olence and hooliganism by clashes in the past few years, 
Awami League workers during the latest of them only a 
polling. month ago. 

Refugee ship searched in Canaries 

*»**“?*.<• “« . & SfflW 

From Hairy Debdius 

Spanish authorities have 
searched the ship which ear- 
lier this month Jot 152 Tamil 
refugees at sea in lifeboats on 
the Qwiadian coast, but found 
feat everything was in order. 

The Aurigae was searched 
after its arrival in Las Palmas, 
in the Canary Islands. _ A 
spokesman for the Spanish 
naval headquarters said yes- 
terday that the captain, Herr 
Wolfgang Bindel, was not 

arrested. The search, for 
which the presence of the 
captain was required, took 
place on Monday. 

The naval headquarters did 
not offer any explanation for 
the search. Captain Bindel was 
free- to leave the Canaries 
whenever he pleased, officials 

The caplin and his wife 
were on board the still-dpcked 
Aurigae yesterday afternoon. 

preveui Ulttltu Mr the New 

More than 800 Hindus were Zealand Prime Minister, yes- 
irreited yesterday in Ahmed- terday rejected a Soviet offer 
ibad, the capital of Gujarat, to of military co-operation less 
srevent them from holding than 24 hours after it was put 
jrocessions to celebrate the forward by Mr Mikhail 
birthday of Lord Krishna Kapitsa, the Soviet Deputy 
Kuldip Nayar writes from Foreign Minister. 

Delhi). “The best co-operation we 

The Hindu SurakshaSaraiti can have from the Soviet 
Organization for Protection Union is to have their vessels 
if Hindus), had called die as far away from New Z ealand 
march despite a Government as ours are from Russia,™ Mr 
jan. Lange said. “There is cer- 

Ten companies of pararaili- tamly no proposal fer any form 
tary police had been airlifted of. military co-operation with 
to Ahraedabad at fee request the Soviet Union.™ 
of fee stale government. He was responding to com- 
which expected trouble. meets from Mr Kapitsa, who 

Ahraedabad has been fee 1 said after talks, on Tuesday 
scene of many Hindu-Muslira wife Mr Frank O’Flynn, the 
clashes in the past few years. Defence Minister, that there 
fee latest of them only a was a possibility of a bilateral 
month ago. agreement under which fee 

: — Soviet Union would undertake 

^ • to inform New Zealand of its 

in Canaries “^ mOT ' n, “ ts 

Navy spokesman thought they The offer was seen by some 
were at a hotel Efforts to Western diplomats as a al- 
locate fee captain were tempt by Moscow to cash in on 


New Zealand's quarrel wife 

AUIipc YCMtivmy uiuuwwu, - r .* _ 

according to an employee of for fresh water and provisions, 
the shionina aaents. Wahher It was not known when she 

would depart 

The shipping agency cm- Washington over Wellington's 
ployee said fee Aurigae ban on visits by nuclear-armed 
reached Las Palmas waters or powered warships, although 
last Saturday night and waited jvfr Kapitsa would, not com- 
until dawn before docking. He mnt directly on the dispute, 
said the ship was empty and The Soviet minister, on a 
was not expected to pick up four-day visit to New Zealand, 
any cargo in Las Palmas. qaid: “We have got warships. 
The ship had put into port and some of them come to fee 

The British Government’s 
agreement to treat as true a 
former MI5 officer’s allega- 
tions of wrongdoing by his 
superiors had “quite dram- 
atic™ consequences for at- 
tempts to have fee claims 
suppressed, a New South 
Wales Supreme Court judge 
said in Sydney yesterday. 

Mr Justice Powell was 
delivering judgement on ap- 
plications made earlier this 
month, when it was agreed 
that “for fee purposes of these 
proceedings only, and not 
otherwise”, London would ad- 
roit feat, among other things. 
Sir Roger Hollis, former head 
■ of MI5, was a Soviet spy. 

In yesterday’s ruling fee 
judge dismissed an applica- 
tion by fee British Govern- 
ment to make Mr Peter 
Wright and Heinemann Aus- 
tralia, which wants to publish 
the former agent's memoirs, 
answer a number of questions 
on the manuscript. 

At fee same time, fee judge 
ordered fee Government to 
answer within two weeks five 
questions posed by Mr Mal- 
colm T umbull, counsel for Mr 
Wright and Heinemann. Costs 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

were awarded against the 

■ Mr Turnbull said later that 

fee ruling was “yet another 
humiliation for the British 
Government™ in its attempts 
to stop publication. He said it 
should now accept that the 
case was losL 

It is 11 months since 
proraedmgs began against Mr 
Wright, who is bring in 
retirement in Tasmania. 

‘ Mr Turn bull has said during 
hearings that fee manuscript 
contains allegations including, 
“infringements of fee immu- 
nity of diplomatic premises, 
conspiracies to commit tres- 
pass and one conspiracy to 
murder*, as ^ well as numerous 
breaches of the Maxwell-Fyfe 
directive, fee charter of Ml 5. 

Mr Justice Powell said yes- 
terday feat the Government’s 
application for an injunction, 
set down for hearing on 
November 47, would proceed 
on the basis that: * 

• the Wright allegations were 

• at least some ofhis informa- 
tion was already in fee public 

n on visits by nuclear-annea -■ •I* 11* 

rsM f2f5£ Anti-subsidies alliance 

fee shipping awaits, Wahher 
Sauennann Agency, while fee 

. ^ » 

Ugandans Romania shifts Foreign 
hold up Minister to trade post 
Sudan aid 

Kjuuau ***** Fnrpiim Minister in Novero- nate member of fee Com- 

Vienna (Reuter) - Mr Hie post, Agerpressaid. 

VaduVa, appointed Romanian Mr CornelPacoste^analier- 
Foreign Minister in Novero- nate . member of fee Com- 
bNhas been relieved of his munistIWs«ocunvec om- 

ss its 

sSF— ^ ~ 5£ 1 SMS«ffSS 

P Mr Vaduva. aged 49, an Gigea as Finance Minister, 

From Charles Harrison 


.... fa,. Foreien Trade, tne omaai. /\ncuui repiaw m* *y» — 
While about two million news agency re- MrNicolae.whileMrAl«tan- 

ncopje in southern Sudan free news ^ y ^ suaxa& Mr peire 

Snine, about 2.000 tons of ^J^Tyaduva, aged 49. an Gigea as 

relief food for feem w xQnon ^ Mr VasUe Agerpres said, 

stranded on fee Uganda-Su- w was released tioning any new post for Mr 

dan border by fee civil warm post widi no mention Gigea. 

Sudan and by a Ugandan ban f S under a presiden- Mr Gh«irghe^oa,amem- 

fee movement of food into ber of fee pai^s PoM 

SSr b^ of fee political 

TbenS Fbreign Minister is Te 

ii* taavi Tnti» who rives im named chairman of fee 

said: “We have got warships, 
and- some of them come to the 
Pacific and to the Straits (of 
Malacca), and so if we had an 
agreement oa confidence- 
building measures it would be 
our ft sli to inform fee New 
Z ealand Government.’’ 

He said fee Soviet Union 
was likely to sign the protocols 
of fee South Pacific Nuclear- 
Free Zone Treaty, under 
which the unclear powers 
would agree pot to station, 
test, store or manufacture 
nuclear devices in the Sooth 

Meanwhile, Senator Rich- 
ard Lpgar, chairman of the US 
Senate foreign relations 
committee, said after talks 
with Mr Lange in Wellington 
yesterday that he considered 
feat the treaty was not in- 
compatible wife US interests. 

Tie nuclear-free zone dots 
not attempt to ban the transit 

Sydney - Ministers of 14 
“fair-trading" agricultural na- 
tions yesterday announced a 
common platform which they 
will take to the Gatt meeting 
in Uruguay next month (Ste- 
phen Taylor writes). 

Signatories of the agree- 
ment, a response to EEC and 
US agricultural subsidies, in- 
clude Australia, Argentina, 
Brazil, Malaysia, New Zea- 
land and fee Philippines. 

Mr John Dawkins, 
Australia's Trade Minister 
and chairman of fee Fair 
Traders in Agriculture con- 
ference, which has been meet- 
ing in Queensland, said the 
document was the beginning 
of a new alliance. 

It calls for fee removal of 
market barriers and fee 
elimination, within an agreed 
period, of subsidies affecting 
agricultural trade. 

• some of it was already 
known to fee hostile powers 
that the Government had said 
might benefit from publica- 
tion, or was out of date; 

• some of it was evidence of 
treason or crime by members 
of fee British securi ty service. 

This meant, he sard that fee 
questions before him would be 
reduced to the following: 

-was Mr Wright under 
contract to the Crown, and 
was he bound by an obligation 
■of confidence? 

— if so, did the obligation 
extend to all matters in the 

— notwithstanding these 
points, should fee Govern- 
ment's application be refused 
on the grounds feat the manu- 
script was in fee Australian 
public interest, or feat fee 
Crown did not have “dean 

— could a plaintiff* in fee 
British Government’s po- 
sition raise an issue of “public 
interest immunity"? 

— was- it contrary to fee 
Australian public interest that 
the information be published? 

The judge said that, as a 
result of the truth admission, 
many of the questions to 
which fee Government had 
objected — questions to be put 
to Sir Robert Armstrong, fee 
Cabinet Secretary, when fee 
hearing starts in November — 
were do longer called for. 

However, he ordered that 
“full and sufficient™ answer 
should be made to five ques- 
tions, which are understood to 
relate to material, already in 
fee public domain, and to 
whether fee Government gave 
clearance for another book on 
MI5, A Mailer of Trust, by 
Nigel West. 

Jellyfish slip away from beaches 

icolae, was reueveo oi ms ^ — — ~ # , 

African locusts stay a jump ahead of efforts to exterminate them 

“*■ . .. . - jc CoM-nkMwi Anmla and sooth- The European money, teams tried to control 




IJaanda accused Sudan at wi^Tottk iSo iSSTm yarned chairman of fee n« atgtjrttotan fee « 
.he^Send of supporting Wme 'Committee for People’s Coun- of “ocJearjoweredor armed 

** r** have launched Jj* P™ 1 nwnrtv cil Affairs wife ministerial ships, and fee question of port 

attacL into nortteni Uganda Mr Teodor cjlbfcWlu.hdWd-IsW., 

f„m Sudanese terntoi^. 'Relieved of his Coman. wdeadfc_ 

Khartoum has denied tne — * 

Of the UN Worid 
Food programme said here 
{jXatK^OO loaded trucks 
were stranded at Nimule on 

Ihe border. Most 
for Juba, fee mam town of 


euemtla war in die south; 

^Aid officials say there B M 

food left a 



i-^ si Sl f< sS y ^S 


kjKL Sudan People’s 


From Mario Modiano 

Six Mediterranean coun- 
tries taking part in a monitor- 
ing programme sponsored by 
fee United‘Nations'- Environ- 
ment Programme (Unep) re- 
ported the virtual dis- 
appearance of jellyfish from 
their shores this summer. 

Of fee 18 states wife Medi- 
terranean ■ coastlines, only 
France, Italy, Yugoslavia, 
Greece, Turkey and- Malta 
joined the programme after a 

vast proliferation of jellyfish 
in the early 1980s which was 
interfering with their tourist 

Dr Severio Civil i, the Unep 
marine biologist who -co- 
ordinates the programme 
from Athens, said yesterday 
that their disappearance from 
coastal areas could be attrib- 
uted to fee end of their 
biological cycle. But the rea- 
son for their original appear- 
ance ' in such large numbers 
has still to be investigated. 

While fee western and cen- 

tra! Mediterranean coasts now 
seem to have been freed of the 
nuisance, the shores of Israel 
were suddenly infested last 
moriih wife hundreds of jelly- 
fish which, according to Mr 
Yuval Cohen of fee marine 
pollution section of the 
Environmental Protection 
Service in Jerusalem,' created 
problems for bathers. 

“It was a most unusual 
event™, he said, "probably 
caused by freak meteorologi- 
cal conditions". 

flies to 

from David Bonavia 

Hong Kong 

Mr John Stanley, British 
Minister of State for fee 
Armed Forces., arrived here 
yesterday to discuss defence 
costs and the recent incident 
involving the dismissal of 1 1 1 
Gurkha soldiers. 

Mr Stanley's visit is under- 
stood to have been arranged 
before fee incident last May 
when Gurkhas refused^ 
operate wife an inquiry into 
an assault on Major Corin 
Pearce and a Gurkha col- 
league .during exercises in 

It was fee worst disciplinary 
incident in fee history of lire 
Gurkhas, who are based m 
Hong Kong but whose future 
is in doubu 

The defence costs agree- 
ment between Britain and 
Hong Kong is due for 
renegotiation next March, and 
Mr Stanley is expected to 
discuss fee matter wife Hong 
Kong government officials. 

Other British politicians 
concerned wife defence are 
expected to follow him. 

Mr Stanley will report di- 
rectly to Mr Georae. Younger, 
fee Secretary of State for 
Defence, on his return. But fee 
departure of the Gurkhas from 
Hong Kong, whether to an- 
other base or for eventual 
disbandment, is opposed by 
security officials here. 

There is some concern feat, 
in the event of civil unrest in 
Hong Kong before fee sched- 
uled transfer of sovereignty to 
China in 1997, it would not be 
enough to rely on an increased 
police force. 

Most of the Royal Hong 
Kong Police are of Chinese 
race and might fear retali- 
ations if they had to put down 
disturbances. Serious trouble 
is not expected but there is 
concern feat every eventuality 
should be covered. 

Aquino to 
seek talks 
with rebels 

Singapore (Reuter) — Presi- 
dent Aquino of the Phil- 
ippines said at a press 
conference here yesterday that 
her Government would ex- 
haust all efforts to solve the 
insurgency problem by peace- 
ful means before taking fur- 
ther military action. 

But she warned; “There 
must be a response from the 
other side, otherwise we may 
be forced to take our military 

Military leaders in Manila 
are known to be uneasy over 
the Government’s peace over- 
tures to the communist 
guerrillas and Muslim secess- 
ionist forces. 

Referring to fee Muslim 
rebellion on Mindanao island 
in fee southern Philippines 
Mrs Aquino said; "while I 
respect fee right of autonomy 
I will not allow any group tc 
secede from the Philippines.” , 
The Philippine Presiden 
did not make any reference tt 
reports that fee would haw j 
peace talks wife Mr . Nu 1 
Misuari, a Muslim secession , 
1st leader. 

Bui Mrs Alice Villadolid, , 
presidential spokeswoman, in i 
cheated that there could be ; 
meeting before Mrs Aquino’ 1 
scheduled departure for fe 
United States on Sepiembe : 
IS. She said fee date an : 
venue bad not been decided. | 
The President’s broth er-ir . 
law, Mr Agapito Aquino, ai 
□ounced in Manila o - 
Tuesday, after talks in Saw 
Arabia wife Mr Misuari, tiu 
there would certainly be 
meeting “next week som* 
where in Mindanao, probab 
Sulu province". 

Mrs Aquino said her Go - 
cm men t was taking econom 
steps to attract dissidents ba< 
to the fold. A s' part of fe 
effort it bad launched ; 
emergency employment pr 
gramme, funded with abo 
$200 million (£134.5 millior 

• MANILA: Mrs Aquino i 
turned to fee Philippines yi 
terday, clearly buoyed by h 
reception on her first overse 
. tour since assuming office k 


0 Duart Locust 






From Charles Harrison 

Locust swarms which 
threaten to destroy millions of 
acres of food crops are still 
building up over vast areas of 
Africa, despite internation- 
ally-backed efforts to destroy 
fee insects breeding in many 
different countries. 

Britain, the ' European 
C omm unity, fee United States 
and international org- 
anizations are pouring mo- 
tions of pounds into fee fight 
a gainst fee locnsts in an 
attempt to avert a disaster. 

For fee first time in more 
than a century five dif- 
ferent locust species are 
simultaneously multiplyiiig at 
an almost unprecedented rate. 
Experts say the onset of 
widespread rains throughout 
Africa last year, after a long 
period of drought, has pro- 
duced ideal conditions tor 
locust breeding. 

The crisis covers a wide belt 
across Africa, from Maurita- 

nia and Senegal in fee west to 
Sudan and Ethiopia In the 
east, in an almost un- 
broken corridor down the cen- 
tre of tire continent from 
western Tanzania to Botswana 
and South Africa. 

The Senegalese grass- 
hopper is threatening many of 
fee Sahel countries to West 

Swaziland, Angola and south- 
ern Zambia. 

A United Nations Food and 

The European money, 
matched by a similar con- 
tribution from the United 

fee Sahel countries to West 
Africa, reaching as far as 
Chad, where ft meets the 
African migratory locust now 
breeding over a wide area of 
Sudan and Ethiopia. 

Farther east, along fee Red 
Sea coasts of Sudan and 
Ethiopia, fee desert locust is 
reported to be breeding on a 
large scale. 

A fourth species, the red 
locust affects western Tan- 
zania and eastern Zaire, .and 
also spreads into Rwanda, 
Burundi and parts of Zambia. 
And, finally, fee brown locust, 
breeding In vast numbers in 
Botswana and adjoining areas 
of South Africa and Zim- 
babwe, is threatening to 
spread into Mozambique, 

Agriculture Organization lo- States, is being used to buy 
cost expert said yesterday feat vehicles, spraying equipment 
the brown locust had already and insecticides, and to pro- 
reached pbgne proportions, vide technical assistance, 
while fee Senegalese grass- Concern has been expressed 
hopper would cause im me ns e that the anti-locust oraanlza- 
damage to crops if spraying operating to different 

operations were not mt- par te of Africa with inter- 
ensified. . oatkmal backing are no longer 

In each case, aerial spraymg ^ eflideot as they were, 
must be supplemented with their infra s tr n ctm e 

local operations on the ground has been allowed to ran down, 
if breeding swarms are to be . .. . . 

wiped ort before the new E 3 *?*”* I *?“£ ,ir ! y 
generation of locnsts hatch worried a bout fee situation m 
gt. West Africa, where the 

The European Community Senegalese grasshopper 
recently provided £650,000 for bran breeding asnever before, 
anti-locust operations in Su- After hatching out in July, fee 
dan. M Jean-Panl Jesse, fee yomR grasstoppers attained 
Community's delegate (amb- fee aduft stage m only 15 to 20 
assador) in Khartoum, said fee ™yjj» fee sawtest perna ever 
objective was to support fee recorded. 

Sudanese ^authorities in As a result, some formers 
launching an attack on the were forced to sow their staple 
breeding locusts, which are a millet crops three or four times 
direct threat to this year's over an area of hundreds of 
harvests. . . square miles, while ground 

teams tried to control t 
grasshoppers by dusting t 
immature swarms with ins& 

Thanks to the toternation 
response, supplies of tost 
tickle here are said to be got 
hot there is a shortage 
landing strips for effecti 
aerial sprayiqg. 

In Botswana, the bro 
locust swarms, which mi 
nated in South Africa ea 
this year, have already p 
dneed two new genera tio 
each larger than its pro 
cessor. Cool weather has • 
layed the emergence of furti 
swarms, bnt experts fear 
eggs now in tiie soil will ha 
in vast numbers wife 
warmer weather in Septem 
and October. 

“The brown locust pfat; 
could wefi last tour to ! 
years, directly mwwiiig cr 
in Botswana, and later 
Zimbabwe. Tamte, Nami 
and probably Angola,™ 

FAf) rnmert 


” i I r ■■ ■ -^,.. 7 ...,. . ■ 

■*■ -*■■*■* * * i *W*-* A J, wwa 1 > uU 


Taking a 
tilt at 





I t would not be a TUC 
conference without a warm- 
up row., though the anony- 
mous knife-in-ihe-dark 
attack on its general sec- 
retary. Norman Willis, has been 
rubber-dagger stuff when set 
against last year's blood letting 
over the destructive potency of 
Scargillism. Undoubtedly the af- 
fable if not always adept Willis 
will survive next week's affair in 
Brighton. Thaicher-styic see- 
through electronic prompt screens 
have been added to the general 
secretary's rhetorical armoury this 
year, but even the entertaining 
speculation over his ability as an 
orator will not long divert atten- 
tion from the really serious 

The stage has been set for a 
different kind of conference fiom 
that of last year, though this is not 
to pre-empt the possibility of some 
unexpected issue springing 
through the trapdoor to ruin the 
script. Since the floodtide of 
Scargillism abated, however, the 
TUC has been in contemplative 
mood, scanning the horizon for a 
sight of distant destinations as 
well as picking its way through 
such industrial relations 
minefields as the GCHQ con- 
troversy. the public ftinding of 
pre-strike ballots and the print 
workers* dispute with News 

Behind his jokey diplomacy, 
and despite the sniping at his 
“style". Norman Willis has played 
a pathfinder role in all three areas. 
But if. as is possible, discussion of 
the third of die issues sees the 
congress degenerate into the kind 
of bear-pit politics at which it 
excels (and all the TUCs wheeler- 
dealing has not prevented the 
National Graphical Association 
making an attempt to suspend the 
EEPTU. the electricians' union, 
from congress over its involve- 
ment at Wapping). Eric Ham- 
mond. the EEPTU’s 
individualistic general secretary. 

will -undoubtedly growl with the 
best of them. 

in the end. though, as they learn 
to live with the symptoms of 
withdrawal from their macho 
domination of the industrial and 
economic landscape, it is the 
decisions over their future direc- 
tion that count. The answer, they 
think, is simple: they have even 
optimistically fashioned symbolic 
signposts. Most significantly, over 
the horizon they see a general 
election and Lhe chance of return- 
ing a Labour government (A 
convenient loss of memory afflicts 
them when reminded of the 
electoral damage they inflicted 
upon previous Labour 

They knew that Scargillism was 
never lhe way to bring about a 
change in the social and political 
climate, but it had to run its course 
before they could fashion a com- 
mon from with the political wing 
of the Labour movement. That 
has been happening since the 
beginning of the year, and it could 
be said that the cementation of a 
joint programme is die true 
agenda of this year's congress. Neil 
Kin nock, the Labour leader, a 
card-carrying member of the 
TGWU. will be making a keynote 
speech at congress: he and Willis 
are old friends, from pre-leader- 
ship days when Willis provided a 
guitar accompaniment ' to 
K innock's singing at social occa- 

While it is possible to discern 
the cracks beneath the paper (over 
nuclear power, the minimum 
wage, industrial ballots), the 
unions and the party have put 
together a compromise package, 
for it is the image of unity and 
purpose that is at the forefront of 
minds. We have, of course, been 
here before - there was once 
something called a Social Contract 
- but this time hope rests not only 
on a new style of Labour leader- 
ship but also on an emerging new 
breed of trade union leader. 

Stable companions in search of the right coarse: from 
left to right, Norman Willis, John Golding, John Edmonds, 
Bill Jordan, Eric Hammond, John Lyons and Ron Todd 

^Behind his jokey 
diplomacy, Willis plays 

The breed includes a man such 
as John Edmonds, elected last year 
as general secretary of the General. 
Municipal and Boilermakers 
Union, who. like other trade 
unionists, has seen his union's 
membership fall victim to un- 
employment and industrial de- 
cline. From its 1980 peak of 
12.17Z508, membership of the 89 
unions affiliated 10 the TUC 
dropped to 9.855.204 a year ago. 

Edmonds, an Oxford graduate, 
a heavyweight negotiator and a 
political "centrist", is strong on 
realism. While he has given his 
criticism of government policies 
free reign — attacking it in 
particular over the decline in 
public services, which he sees as 

having eroded progress towards a 
more just society - he has also 
given the Labour Party and the 
TUC a lot to think about 

For a start he believes' they 
have not defended the gains 
achieved for working people hard 
enough, and he is not confining his 
analysis to trade unionists. Ed- 
monds. no sectionalism actually 
means all working people. In 
putting himself at the forefront of 
those thinking hardest about 
where unions should be going for 
the rest of this century, Edmonds 
acknowledges that at present trade 
unionism's public esteem is at its 
lowest ebb. 

He would like to establish a 
framework giving the trade union 

movement the opportunity 10 
establish' a broader appeal. Like 
other moderates, such as Ham- 
mond. he is trying to deal with 
growing non-unionism, now 
involving more than 50 percent of 
the workforce. Moderates within 
the movement, old as well as new, 
believe that unions should rec- 
ognize the obsolescence of the 
traditional, essentially defensive, 
reasons for which people joined 
unions in the past. 

Edmonds says that unions have 
been unable tosiop “poverty pay" 
in low-paid areas, adding that 
since they have been unable to 
stop job fosses and redundancies, 
they can no longer credibly claim 
that unionization is all that stands 
between worker and job 

Unions, he believes, still see “an 
automatic and unproblematic 
identity of interest between trade 
unions as institutions and working 
people", but for many workers in 
what he sees as “the new front 
line" — mostly women working 
part-time in service industries — 
“trade unionism is distant be- 
longs to other types of workers and 
is increasingly preoccupied with 
inward and frankly incomprehen- 
sible wrangles". 

In articulating a pragmatic ap- 
proach. Edmonds is hoping to gain 
the higher ground in trade union 
movement attitudes, but he. like 
other moderates, such as Bill 
Jordan, the recently elected Presi- 
dent of the Amalgamated En- 
gineering Union, and John 
Golding, general secretary of the 
National Communications 
U nion. knows there is a long climb 
ahead. Breaking with tradition is 

not something at which the broth- 
ers arc most accomplished. 

Jordan, who earlier this year 
beat off a strong left-wing chal- 
lenge to succeed Terry Duffy as 
president, believes that the unions 
should be falling over themselves 
to cooperate in returning a ^bour 
govern men L Soon after his elec- 
tion he was quick to join with 
Edmonds's GMBU and Ron 
Todd's TGWU in stating that a 
deal should be worked out with a 
Labour government in which the 
unions ottered self-regulation on 

In the pre-conference ritual 
there has been much to-ing and 
fro-ing to settle differences. The 
argument on behalf of minimum 
pay - which Labour wants in its 
manifesto - would appear to have 
won the day. Although Eric Ham- 
mond will maintain his union's 
objections that skill should be 
rewarded, even the redoubtable 
Ron Todd has seemingly agreed to 
stay his hand, even though the 
Transport and General Workers 
Union biennial delegate con- 
ference voiced opposition to a 
statutory minimum wage. 

uch is the price of unity — 
though Todd, who ar- 
rived in his union's top 
I job last year, is a great 
believer in the consul- 
tative process than his left-wing 
public attitudes sometimes sug- 
gest. When he inherited his leader- 
ship mantle his union was rocked, 
by allegations of ballot rigging; 
fraud squad investigations and the 
concommitanl controversies 
occupied his time for months until ’ 
his organization settled to what it 
loosely knows to be stability! 

Todd, as leader of the biggest 
union, is an important figure 
within the inner councils of the 
Labour. movement.. Though by no. 
means an autocrat, he has never 
been slow to flex his muscles when 

his needs demand. His recent 
defence of Wjliis. once the 
TCWU's head of research, was 
not untypical. No trade unionist 
more than Todd wants to see the 
return of a Labour government, 
even though he has been sharply 
critical of some aspects of the 
party's policies. 

In the movement's search for 
pre-election unity, it has -taken 
nearly a year to reach a corn- 
pro m’i sc over the thorny issue of 
pre-strike balloting. But Todd's 
concordat with the moderates will 
be more than sufficient to carry 
the majority at Congress, with 
perhaps five unions, including the 
mineworkers. voting against. 

The biggest ihreat to that unity 
is the post-Chernobyl attitude 
towards nuclear power. Even 
though the TUC general council 
has coughed up a last-minute 
compromise, suggesting that 
Britain's nuclear power pro- 
gramme should be put on ice 
pending a comprehensive policy 
review, it 'is unlikely to take the 
heat out of the kind of im- 
passioned debate at which the 
TUC can be at its enlightened best 
or its fractious worst. 

While the air may be heavy with 
moralistic overtones, it will be a 
debate about jobs. With about 
100.000 workers employed in the 
nuclear industry, the articulate 
and moderate John Lyons of the 
Engineers and Managers Associ- 
ation. whose membciship is 
strongly based in the industry, will 
lead a vehement defence agaipst 
the anti-nuclear lobby, including 
Arthur Scargill. whose anticipated 
intervention on behalf of the 
mineworkers will bring a breath of 
All Our Yesterday's to a congress 
that otherwise promises a refresh- 
. ing concentration on the affaire of 

Michael Vernon 

©TfnwsNewsapera Ltd 1986 

Who will save 
the whalers? 

As Norway bows to conservationist 
pressure, a small, rugged community 
watches its livelihood disappear 

Pitchforked into battle 

Reign oven Marcus Binney gives up Country Life ; which is in a strong field with The Field 

An agreement 
by Norway to 
bow to inter- 
na dona 1 pres- 
sure and aban- 
don commercial 
whaling from 1988 may have 
condemned Skrova, a tiny, 
remote community of about 
400 souls in the Lofoten 
Islands, to extinction. That, 
at least, is the argument of the 
fishermen and their families. 

Fishing is all these hardy 
islanders have ever had. 
Aside from nhat is thought to 
be (he most unstable weather 
in tbe world, and some of (he 
most spectacularly beautiful 
scenery this side of the North' 
Pole, there is nothing. Skrova 
is unique, a remnant of a 
society that until not so many 
years ago had survived 
virtually unchanged since Vi- 
king times, if not longer. 

But fishing and whaling are 
not necessarily the same 
thing: whaling, rather 
surprisingly, is a relatively 
recent development here. It 
began only in 1932, when 

Norway, then a very poor 
country, was grappling with 
the Depression. Not even the 
magnificent cod fisheries, 
which still draw a great 
polyglot flotilla to the Lofoten 
Islands each winter, were 
enough to stave off poverty, 
famine and despair. 

When the intrepid island- 
ers first set off after minke 
whale in the Vcsffjorden, they 
were so inexperienced with 
cannon and harpoon that they 
encountered great difficulties 
in killing their quarry. One 
wretched beast suffered for a 

full week while its captors — 
remembering vaguely that a 
whale was said to be an air- 
breathing mammal just like 
themselves — tried to strangle 
it with a rope around what 
they imagined must be its 

But yon do not survive in a 
place like Lofoten without 
learning fast, and tbe whalers 
of Skrova were soon as pro- 
ficient as they had to be to 
supply an exploding market 
for the meat 

Norwegians disliked it at 
first, and its flavour of very 

well-hung steak with a fishy 
finish does take some getting 
used to, but wartime protein 
shortages soon saw to it that 
the taste was acquired, and 
what contemporary accounts 
describe as a “whale rush" 
set in. 

Whalemeat continued to be 
a staple of the Norwegian diet 
daring tbe lean post-war 
years. Then North Sea oil 
was discovered, changing the 
economic face of Norway 
beyond recognition. By now 
tbe great whale populations 
of the Antarctic had dwin- 
dled. it was feared, to almost 
nothing, and cetaceans had 
become a focus of conserva- 
tionist concern. By now. too. 
the minke bad ail bat dis- 
appeared from the 
Vestfjorden. and so had the 
numbers of those dependent 
on it. 

The last few 
dozen families 
are concen- 
trated on 
Skrova, whence 
the whalers in 
recent years have been forced 
to travel ever farther into the 
northern reaches of the Ba- 
rents Sea. 600 miles away, to 
satisfy- even the tiny quotas — 
400 this year - set by an 
increasingly embarrassed 

Skrova’ is a very dose 
community in all senses. 
Reporters asking embarrass- 
ing quest ions are assumed to 
be tax inspectors at best and 
Greenpeace operatives at 
worst. They are not popular, 
and they do not stay for long. 

Only tbe young people are 
willing to talk at any length to 
outsiders, and they confirm 
the few government statistics 
that are available: that every 
family on Skrova derives at 
least 50 per cent of its annual 
income from whaling 

They will tell 
you that the 
women and 
children work 
in tbe factories 
from the age of 
five, and that a girl in her 
early teens can expect to earn 
£1.000 in a season, her 
mother three times as much. 

Skrova is a small part of a 
small society that as recently 
as 100 years ago was still 
Insing 500 fishermen an- 
nually at sea. Such people are 
not the kind to give up their 
livelihood without a straggle: 
nor would the Norwegian 
nation, committed to keeping ' 
its more remote and isolated i 
communities alive, have it any , 
other way. Some very hard — 
and expensive - decisions are 
to be made about Skrova. 

Tony Samstag 

The departure of 
Country Life's 
editor highlights 
tough competition 
in the marketing 
of rural dreams 

In the breakfast room of a 
listed 13th-century manor 
house “with views to the sea" 
a tweed-dad figure eats Bath 
Oliver biscuits spread with 
Gentleman's Relish to the 
sound of sighing labradors. 

The vision is one which is 
cn trancing the publishing in- 
dustry 1 . For the odds are that 
somewhere in this idyllic rural 
tableau there will be an idyllic 
rural magazine. In the past few 
years there has been a minor 
boom in country glossies, 
bought not just by country 
people, but by the mobile 
urban masses who dream that 
one day. perhaps, they will be 
country people. 

Apart from the arrival of 
new titles, like Country Living 
and Country Homes, the 
circulation of some of the old 
faithfuls has been stirring 
upwards. The Field (owned by 
Associated Newspapers), 
which tends towards a sport, 
mud-splattered image, has 
seen a 70 per cent sales 
increase in two years, in actual 
figures that only means a lift 
from 1 1.500 to 19.500. but it's 
impressive. Over at JPCs 
Country Life . the standard 
fixture in doctors' waiting 
rooms, there is an even greater 
success story. It claims a 
readership of nearly three- 
quarters of a million on sales 
which have risen steadily to 
48.000. Profits last year were 
believed to be around £2.5 

All the more strange, then, 
that an announcement ap- 
peared on T uesday saying that 
the editor of Country Life. 
Marcus Binney. was departing 
after a disagreement with the 
iPC management. 

“It was a growing sense of 
frustration". says Mr Binney. 
“The IPC management were 
just not prepared to ride this 
nave of increased interest in 
country matters. There is a 
stale mem by an IPC executive 
in the latest issue of The 
Publisher magazine to the 
effect that they were not 
interested in a circulation of 

more than 50.000 for Country 
Life. 1 am sick and tired of 
people coming to me and 
complaining that they can't 
buy the magazine." 

The reason for IPC s view is 
that, with upwards of 100 
pages of advertisements for 
.desirable country residences it 
was costing more to prim each 
glossy issue of Country Life 
than could be recouped in the 
cover price of £1.10. The 
managerial view was that it 
was better to bump up the. 
profitable advertising and 
hold back the expensive busi- 
ness of actually printing 
magazines. • 

This is never likely to be a 
view that will fin’d much 
favour with an editor. So 
Marcus Binney. who has a 
background in historic build- 
ings and first began with 
Coiintn- Lite 18 years ago as 
an architectural writer, ts off 
to start his own “country - 
orientated" magazine. He says 
it will noi be a rival to Country 
Life but that "it would make a 
perfect stable-mate”. 

"1 can't really understand 
their attitude", he says, “in 
IPC it is the women's maga- 
zines that arc in decline. All 1 
the potential is with the i 
country publications. It is part \ 
of a national long-term trend, i 
Look at the 1.2 million 
membership of- the National 
Trust- which has been growing 
steadily. Look at the' half a 
million membership of the 
Royal Society Tor the Protec- 
tion of Birds, up from only 
300.000 three years ago." 

Simon Counauld. who ar- 
med to edit The Field from 
the urban literary environ- 

ment of The Spectator finds 
that his magazine, which was 
formerly confined to the cof- 
fee tables of senior citizens, 
has been attracting younger 
readers of late. “W’c have 
always been a genuine country 
magazine, with more of a 
widespread readership than 
Country Life's mainly south- 
eastern suburban following. 
Our growth has rested on the 
rising national interest for 
conservation issues." 

Occasionally he finds that 
he has to point out that 
shooting things or hunting 
them can help conserve wild- 

life rather than destroy iL This 
is an argument some of his 
“green" readers find hard to 
accept. “But anyone who 
really knows the countryside 
understands if. he says. 

One - of his issues carried a 
picture of Prince Charles 
•standing amid a field of 
daisies and fritillaries that he 
had cultivated in his own 
Gloucestershire garden.- Roy- 
ally in a field of wild flowers 
could be the winning formula 
for the new rural journalism. 

Pearson Phillips 

© Tin** Newspapers Ltd 1388 

Fifty signs that your husband 
is cutting loose 






Out Now * £ 1.80 





8 Duchess of Windsor 


9 Levy (3| 

10 Remote Utopia (7.2 1 
H Indian religion 
adherent 15) 

13 Longf/i 
16 Small frying pan (7) 

19 Commerce (5) 

22 One ready tosurren- 
dcr<9| ’ 

24 Flying saucer (l.l.l) 

25 Sweets (13) ■ 


1 Jerk in spasms f 6j 

2 Soft yellow (6) 

3 Forehead ringlet I8» 

4 Assault (fij 

5 Cocky (4) 

6 Help (A) 

7 Notoriety (bl 
12 Bother 1 3l 
14 Music record {8l 


! .® isccl 4 Cerise 7 1 
k-.ii 17 Die 

*fSi. 2 Summarise 3 Talon 4 Cacti S 


•5 Builder’s carrier (3) 

16 W'inoicr(6) 

17 Child ( 6 ) 

18 Coils 16 ) 




jimp 8 1 
19 Ptebe; 

ULtllXU 7 

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Moaning with laughter in the dark 

I n his recent religions essay 
ghjv Can We Know?, AN 
wilsoo quoted with approval 
the maxim that "Truth alone 
jswonhyof our entire devotion** 
Miore going on to say that, “And 
it that is not true, then life 
cascades mto pure muddle and 

nonsense” j t wq^ ^ ^ 

much to say that all of Wilson's 
• wnung is established upon this 
premise, although in some ways 
Jw him ms a paradoxical one: as a 
Christian he seeks the "truth" but 
tea novelist he is entranced by 
that alternative “cascade" the 
nonsense and the muddle which 
make up the sum of ordinary life. 
He can be described as a religious 
novelist, but one in whom the 
adjective and noun of that phrase 
are sometimes at odds. 

Of course to describe him as a 
rdigious novelist is to place him at 
once in a quite unfashionable 
category, and yet the tradition of 
such fiction is stronger than most 
others. It can be traced few*’ to 
Bunyan (or even further) although 
the purists will probably find its 
apogee in the 19th century, in the 
novcL of Charlotte Yonge 
others. It has continued in the 
20 th century, alternately more 
bizarre and more tremulous in the 
WOlIc of Charles W illiams and 
Barbara Pym, and now Wilson has 
taken it up again. 

. But he has subtly shifted its 
emphasis so that, although he is 
still primarily concerned with the 
nature of the Christian sensibility, 
his ostensible theme is h uman 
passion. In Love Unknown, as in 
many of bis previous novels, the 
claims of sexual and religious love 
are pitted against each other — 
Eros and Agape caught in an 
unending battle which only death 
can relieve. 

But since Wilson is a novelist be 
can fight on both sides; this sets up 
a series of polarities in tire 
narrative itself so that he can be 
both caustic and nostalgic, capable 
of the most sophisticated realism 
or of the most unsophisticated 
tenderness 1 and, as he says here of 
the devotees of the High Church, 
combining “a faintly camp irony 
with an underlying mystic 

Love Unknown is concerned * 
with' , the tribulations of three 
women who, having endured the 
horrors of flat sharing in the 


By AJM. Wilson 

Romish Hamilton, £9.95 

Sixties, are approaching middle 
age together in various forms of 
indecision and anxiety. 

Monica is in love wife -Sofinidfr, 
Belinda is in love with Men, and 
Ricbekfis is in love with Mother- 
hood and Family — a trinity of 
secular desires which, in each case, 
are seen to be fatally flawed and 
which provoke a “steadying emo- 
tional deadness". But there are 
.other kinds of love and Bailie, a 

tries hard to fed someflsort^of 
passion for God — “the only Love 
who was folly good and true" — 
but he,too, finds himself impaled 
upon mortality. So throughout the 
book various romantic visions 
fade, leaving only wrecks behind. 
Life itself; unideal, nnideaHsed, 
unromantic life, simply persists: 
“it refused to be interrupted. It 
went on.” And in met this 
unhappy situation elicits one of 
Wilson’s strengths as a novelist; he 
has always been particularly good 
at conveying the sheer mess and 
muddle of living, the getting up 
and the going to bed, the meals, 
the small talk and all those other 
aspects of diurnal existence which 
he denotes as “porridgey”. 

He is the pod: of the oidmary — 
or, rather, he is a novelist who can 
create significant reality out of the 
ordinariness which other writers 
tend to discard or attempt (gener- 
ally unsuccessfully) to transcend. 

S o Wilson is able to evoke 
the platitudes of a love 
affair, for example, without 
himself ever becoming plat- 
itudinous; with Mills and Boon 
looming over his shoulder, he can 
actually mention that morbid 
imprint and get away with it; and 
he can describe the rattling ghost 
ride of an illicit middle-class 
romance — with its attendant 
eternal triangle for the high notes 
— without becoming in the least 
predictable or boring. 

This is perhaps because he is 
still primarily a comic novelist; he 
is not happy with the grand sweep 
of passion and is quite capable of 
locating that small hut idling - 

detail which punctures the more 
sublime or at least the more 
extreme moments of human be- 
haviour. An elderly and once 
formidable lady publisher, for 
example, is here found to be 
suffering from wriie dementia 
and, at one point in her absurd 
and spittle-festooned monologue, 
her daughter “turned aside and 
moaned with laughter, hating 
berseif for doing so and knowing 
that it was all terribly rad”. This is 
an authentic Wilson scene — truly 
it is laughter in the dark. 

T t Iras been said that Wilson 
writes too much — this is his 
4 ninth novel, and he is still in 
his mid-thirties — but the 
criticism is misplaced. Novelists 
write at the speed and with the 
regularity which best suit them* 
that is all. Certainly Wilson is 
aware of his own prodigality — the 
two novelists whose biographies 
he has written. Scon and Belloc, 
were also well known for the 
facility of their productions. And, 
as he has said of Scott, Wilson is 
really engaged in the business of 
constructing -“a whole vision of 
life”, a vision which each succeed- 
ing volume helps to complete: 

To say that it is a Christian 
vision is to acknowledge his 
affiliation with his predecessors in 
the 19th century. Like them, his 
characters have some intimation 
of the unseen world as well as that 
one which they are forced to 
inhabit; they have an historical 
sense which links them to the past; 
and they recognize duties and 
obligations to their neighbours 
which, if only for a moment, free 
them from bondage to their 
private selves. 

And yet the ending of Love 
Unknown itself is ambivalent, as 
the promise of human love is 
again raised together with the 
strong possibility that it will all 
end m pain and in the usual 
attendant force. But this should 
come as no surprise to foe readers 
of Wilson's novels; unlike his 
predecessors, be does not drama- 
tize the consolations of religion 
but charts the trials of die religious 
sensibility — a sensibility bufletted 
and stained by a world which has 
its own alien momentum. It is a . 
bleak vision, perhaps, hot it is also * 
a substantial and persuasive one. • 

Peter Ackroyd on a novel 
about the muddle of love 

by a comic writer 
of Christian vision 

When hearts need 
be as hard as nuts 

Literature is neats that stays 
news.. Thus Ezra Pound, a 
longish while ago. The new- 
ness and newsiness of good 
writing makes it eminently' 
suitable for magazine publica- 
tion, and it is armaxter of 
observable record that when 
good magazines have flour- 
ished then good writing has 
flourished, or vice versa. 

To quote Pound again: Lit- 
erature does not exist in a 
vacuum. Of course not, and 
the most apt place for its 
introduction to the public may 
well be just such a continuum 
as can be provided by * flit®* 
rale magazine. Look at die 
relevance of The New English 
Review under Ford Madox 
Ford’s editorship to the whole 
outburst of what was to be- 
come known as the Modern 
Movement. Look at the role of 
T S Eliot’s The Criterion and 
Geoffrey Grigson’s New Verse 
between the wars. If you were 
alive and interested in the best 
writing at that time, then you 

Newsy, intellectual marines 

subscribed to such magazines 
as a matter of course. And 
where is a comparable maga- 
zine to be found in 1986? 

Michael Schmidt’s PN Re- 
view, now more than ten years 
old, would have to be consid- 
ered in the running, having 
epitomised in most of its 
editorial choices a concern 
with grace and form which is 
by no means merely aesthetic. 
Inis magazine has been nota- 
ble for championing the work 
of C H Sisson, arguably the 
best poet now writing in 
English, and for reviving in- 
terest in the work of Laura 

since Rimbaud to have given 
up writing poems altogether. 
PN Review, published regular- 
ly by Carcaoet Press, has also 
promoted in Robert Wells and 
Dick Davis at least two new 



younger poets of outstanding 
promise, and the tone and 
content of its critical writing is 
always intelligent. At the other 
end of the respectability spec- 
trum, Martin Bax’s magazine 
Ambit continues to stimulate 
and irritate in about equal 
measure. J G Ballard, Gavin 
Ewart, George MacBclh, and 
Michael Moorcock (all present 
in the one hundredth issue, 
which may be purchased for 
£3 from 17 Priory Gardens, 
Higbgate, London N 6 5QY) — 
these are the names which 
have cropped up attached to 
most of the best stuffin Ambit, 
and it is to be noted that at 
least two of them would make 

no claim at all to being poets. 
Still, since the talented Carol 
Ann Duffy become one of this 
magazine's poetry editors re- 
cently we can expect Ambits 
second century to be stronger 
in the service of the Muse. 

The magazine which seems 
to me the most consistently 
serious and interesting of 
them all, though, is without 
dodtit Agenda. Edited by Wil- 
liam Cookson and Peter Dale, 
and published from 5 
Cran bourne Court, Albert 
Bridge Road, London SW11« 
4FE, Agenda has for more 
than twenty years succeeded 
in the main in avoiding both 
the boring and the merely 
glamorous by devoting itself 
wholeheartedly to what it 
perceives as genuius. The 
latest three issues which I have 
to hand are typical of its 
excellence — VoL 23 Nos. 1-2, 

costing £5, is a special issue 
-honouring T S Eliot, including 
a hitherto unpublished lecture 
by Eliot, and admirable essays 
by John Healh-Stubbs, Roy 
Fuller, Kathleen Raine, Jona- 
than Barker.’Peter Levi, and C 
H Sisson, among others; VoL 
23 Nos 3-4, costing £ 6 , -Juts a 
symposium of essays on Geof- 
frey Hill, as well as some 
remarkable translations from 
Martial by WG Shepherd, a 
very lively and original trans- 
former of Classical texts as I 
just discovered from his Pro- 
pertius: The Poems (Penguin 
Classics, £3.95). Of all our 
current literary magazines 
Agenda is the one which a 
young writer wanting to learn 
something about the craft 
would do best to subscribe to. 
Auden, in a brash rhyme, Once 
made little magazines chim e 
with intellectual marines. The 
marines are still embarking in 
Agenda, and it is good to see 
than honouring the earlier 
c aptains of their enterprise. 

We liked it 
sq much that we 
bought you one! 

- a book one turns to with constant pleasure, 
‘and which achieves the seemingly impossible 

US April 26 1985 


The Lady bountiful 


-fake out a year's subscription to the TLS the royal as most 

The sense of 


The Times literary Supplement 


■ Name 

I ' Address ~~~ 

j a j [ enclose my cheque for £40 made 
| payable to The TimesSupplements. 

| b) Please charge my credit card 
I Signed. 


■ Card No 

Mrs Gaskell said die wrote in 
a room with six doors, thus 

wrahting her innumer able 

children to interrupt her free- 
ly, while through further doors 
came requests for dinner 
menus ana plans for the day. 
She may have been" the first of 
the Superscribblers, creating 
an atmosphere drat many 
found maddening, or at least 
impassible to emulate, a -sort 
of cross between the Virgin 
Mary, Florence Nightingale 
and the Nine Muses; Elizabeth 
Longford, mother of eight, 
biographer and historian, po- 
litical campaigner and com- 
mittee-sitter, is certainly the 
next in line. Indeed, she seems 

almost to have beebme as 
royal as most of her subjects. 
The brood of children and 
grandchildren is Vtooria-size. 
The sense of duty and com- 
mitment to hard work can be. 

. found in other contemporary 
Elizabeths commemorated by 
Lady Longford’s pen. One 
expects, possibly, an anthem 
— or perhaps this has already 
been written, the following 
lines by a precocious grand- 
daughter needing only music 
from another scion of the 
Blood to set it jingling round 

We are beauties her and me 
Just as women should rightly 

So brilliant, brainy > driving 

my granny make a 

After this, it comes as a 
considerable relief to report 
that a Elizabeth Longford’s 
autobiography shows no signs 
whatsoever ofbeing written by 
someone who would Hke to be 
thought a member of a master 
race. The opposite, in feet: the 
-honesty and delight in sim- 
plicity show a character lack- 
ing in arrogance or too much 
self-esteem; the serious 
thought given to unfashion- 
able matters, such as religion 
and morals give evidence of 

. Emma Tennant 


By Elizabeth Longford 

WeidenfeJd <£ Nicoison, £14.95 

someone whose bead is un- 
turned by success or feme; and 
the pleasure taken in the 
children and their sayings 
even make forgivable the 
spectre of the roam-with-six- 
doors which swims into view 
on reading of the cramped 
house in North Oxford where 
the enormous family grew up. 
Lord Longford (then Frank 
Pakenham) crashing to the 
floor in the kitchen every year 
as Father Christmas, a sight 
which would surely have 
made even Mrs Gaskell 

Not that Lady Longford 
started her literary career until 
she was in her fifties; and her 
first book, Jameson's Raid. 
concerned the degree of in- 
volvement of her great-unde 
“Radical Joe" Chamberlain, 
in the grab for South Africa. 
Before examining tire role of 
the Chamberlain side of her 
family in her own life, she 
gives ns the courtship and 
marriage .of her parents (her 
father, Nathaniel Hannan, 
was an opthalmic surgeon and 
they all lived in Harley Street) 
and her childhood, and a 
peculiarly remote time it 
seems. The sense of remote- 
ness is accentuated,, probably 
by the writer’s very modem 
concern, from an early age, 
with feminism and socialism; 
and one of the most refreshing 
and original aspects of the 
book is the contrast to be 
found between a conventional 
middle-class upbringing in the 
first decade of this century and 
the new beliefs; the great 
change from foeandenrtgune 
to enlightenment, education, 
short skirts and mortar 
boards. To read of Elizabeth 

Longford’s excitement at 
reading Classics at Oxford is 
invigorating, as is her commit- 
ment to the Workers’" Educa- 
tional Association which often 
meant long journeys m freez- 
ing trains or hobbling cars; 
and if there’s sometimes a 
sense of the Bountiful, the age 
must be blamed for this and 
the tone condoned: the ^rati- 
fication of society, still more 
or less undisturbed at that 
time, led to risible occasions, 
such as Dick Crossman’s re- 
mark to the workers of that 
town: “They say there’s a 
boom on the way. But what do 
booms mean to working chaps 
tike you and me?* 

If there was a self con- 
sciousness about being La- 
bour, while Frank Pakenham 
took as unconscionably long 
time converting from Conser- 
vative to the true faith, there 
was also a Gust-glimpsed) 
snobbery among her new 
husband’s bright young and 
Waugh-ish friends over the* 
hard-working, dedicated wife. 
For all her brilliance, her 
friendship with Maurice 
Bowra and the best brains in 
Oxford, the Vile Bodies felt 
justified in talking a secret 
language in front of hen and 
only in 1980 did Lady Long- 
ford discover that her “best 
friend” Evelyn Waugh - this 
with tire publication of his 
letters — had been writing and 
speaking animatedly against 
her. But these are trivial 
points, in a book of Conver- 
sions - for, following Frank 
Pakenham’s swing to the Left 
came Lady . Longford’s own 
conversion to his faith, be- 
coming a Catholic after the 
birth of six children. 

The Longfbnds are both 
eighty this year. The Pebbled 
Shore — taken from 
Shakespeare’s sonnet which 
tells of minutes hastening to 
their end — has much of the 
pleasure in the offerings of life 
.as the diaries of a clever and 
pretty girl of eighteen. 


Victoria Glendinning 


By Anthony Burgess 

Century Hutchinson, £8.95 

Anthony Burgess has written a 
short aoveL He is just vamping 
till ready, perhaps, on a trip 
down memory fame. The 
Pianoplayers is about someone 
born towards the end of World 
War I (like him), reared in 
Lancashire .(like . him), . to. 
whom mask and sex are the 
riling ? that matter. It’s the 
monologue of Ellen Henshaw, 
who lives in retirement in a 
Provencal town. She hijacks a 
backpacker who has a type- 
writer ami a cassette recorder, 
sits with him in the cafe on the 
square, and makes him !*write 
down this book about my 

Dad drank draught Bass, 
smoked Wqodbfoes, and wore 
a bowler hat. He brought EUen 
up single-handedly, m seedy 
rented rooms, feeding her on 
shop meat pies. Her child- 
hood, like her monologue, is 
an initiation into Dad’s rep- 
ertoire of music trail songs, 
popular ballads and scraps 
from the classics, played in 
medley every night at the local 
fleapit. Ellen recalls every- 
thing be played, u Avalon, 
Mountain Greenery. Califor- 
nia Here I Come, Carolina in 
the Morning, Happy Days and 
Lonely Nights Then Dad 
dropped dead. 

“The rest of the book is my 
own story." The Lancashire 
lass became a high-class 
whore on the Continent; the 
point is that “a Female Body is 
not jnst a pleasing shape with 
a bole in it” It’s a musical 
instrument, with “music wait- 
ing inside it, but only- for 
properly trained hands to coax 
out" Ellen set np a School of 
Love, and made a fortune. 

Where piano playing is 
concerned, this novel is an 
instruction manuaL But Ellen 
does not go into the technique 
of playing “the Female Body" 
and the second part of the 
story is pretty cursory- The 
author has a point to make all 
right, bat what be — and EBen 
— really enjoy is describing 
Dad uniting hmef fit moving 
pictures, recalfiitg the lyrics of . 
old songs, and reciting those 
magic litanies oftittesJt’s a bit 
like a Radio 4 programme with 
Denis Norden. 

Dad had played in the pit for 
Sian Lame! and Charlie 
Chaplin before they went off to 
the States to be famous. “They 
became ghosts, my dad would 
say, and even the Mg money 
they earned was a kind of 
ghost money.” Helen, sitting 
in a French cafe and 
remembering HP Sauce, 
seems a bit ghostly too. That 
may be part of what expatriate 
Burgess Is conveying in this 
easy-flowjng, easy-going 

improvisation. . 


Elaine Feinstein 



By Richard Ford 

Collins. £10.95 


BvCJK. Stead 

Collins. £9.95 


By Lynne Reid Banks 

Hamish Hamilton, £9.95 

“A naked thinking heart that 
makes no show” would have a 
poor chance of survival in the 
bleak .America of Richard 
Ford’s sponswriter and the 
quiet, even tone of the novel 
gives his vision of infinite 
human replaceabiliiy a horri- 
fying persuasiveness. Some- 
where, perhaps, the innocent 
life portrayed in American 
mail order catalogues, where 
intent faces examine their 
fishing rods or check their new 
screwdriver-lights, may con- 
tinue to exist. The narrator 
remembers his childhood in 
postwar rural America in just 
that way; but he can no longer 
find any - equivalent in his 
contemporary experience. It 
may not seem much of a 
dream but Ford makes it seem 
enviable set alongside a soci- 
ety where only a heart like the 
last uncrackable walnut in a 
bowl can bear the inexorable 
loneliness of unscrutinised 
freedom. Even the hard-nosed 
narrator cannot dull his hopes 
of restoring his marriage suffi- 
ciently to avoid pain altogeth- 

He does what he can. He 
chooses to be a sportswriter, 
not because he is entranced by 
either playing or watching 
sport, but because as he puts 
it, athletes at the height of 
their power make literalness 
into a mystery, by simply 
becoming the action they per- 
form. It is the only way he has 
discovered of surmounting 
moments of sudden unwilling 
recognition of emotional im- 
poverishment. His own family 
has, in part, been destroyed by 
the death of his young child. 
Bui everywhere he sees the 
collapse of the once-mocked 
family unit, and the failure of 
the hope of equality between 
generations. To live in such" a 
world is toaccepl the death of 

the spirit, and Ford’s bril- 
liance springs direcilv from 
the integrity of his 

Lightweight, and lightheart- 
ed in comparison. C.K. 
Stead’s novel plays a witty 
game with a narrator, his 
Danish confidante, and the 
Voice of the Story about a 
Youngish professor of philoso- 
phy. When the Voice of the 
Story speaks we -find ourselves 

briefly believing in the figures 
of Harry, his student bedfel- 
low and his wife who has 
become a Sufi. I was amused 
by the insurgent bullying of 
campus women campaigning 
to have the student mistress 
join their battle against sexual 
harassment; less persuaded by 
the framing commentary 
which suggested much pain 
was being either suffered or 

Lynne Reid Banks's new 
novel is in some ways a 
comment on the same desola- 
tion recorded by Richaxd 
Ford: though in her case she 
chooses to make sense of the 
present by dipping into the 
wartime past. The main story 
is framed by a contemporary 
contentious marriage, unbal- 
anced by the woman as bread- 
winner with the pattern of 
quarrels genuinely conveyed. 
These are the casualties of our 
age. The story framed by this 
desolation enters area of much 
greater cruelly. A visit to 
Holland opens out the events 
in the lives of a Dutch couple 
warped by political and family 
betrayals which make the 
conflicts of the English couple 
look trivial. Mariolain’s Resis- 
tance hero father turned out to 
be cruel and tyrannical. Her 
mother's pathetic need to be 
loved finds- solace when the 
Germans take over Holland, 
through a lodger who is a 
Dutch supporter of the Nazi 
party. The contempt with 
which she has always been 
treated by her husband makes 
it natural for her to enjoy 
working at the headquarters of 
Dutch collaboration. 
Mariolain's memories of her 
mother's exposure and rejec- 
tion are paralleled by her 
husband's experiences as a 
life-hardened ragamuffin 
looked after by a whore in a 
Javanese brotbeL The English 
couple learn their salutoTy 
lesson, and readers are likely 
to be uncomfortably moved 
by : the unfashionable happy 
ending; ' 

Crinkling the halo 

Nigel Glendinning 

The Statesman in an Age 
of Decline 
Yale University Press. £19.95 

We come to Professor Elliott's 
latest book with the feeling 
that we already know the main 
characters in considerable de» 
laiL We are all too familiar 
with the melancholy mous- 
taches and sensual lips of 
Philip IV, his Habsburg'chin 
and. languorous eyelids. And 
how easily we visualize the 
more energetic mass of his 
minister, Olivares, as Velaz- 
quez painted him, on horse- 
back, looking down at us with 
his slightly superior gaze. 
Reading Tne Count-Duke of 
Olivares, we soon discover 
that we know the minor 
figures to some extent in this 
way too. It is not difficult to 
conjure up Velazquez’s aus- 
tere image of Diego del Corral, 
included moreover amongst 
the book's illustrations, or the 
powerful frame of Jeronimo 
| de Ceballos. a merchant from 
Toledo whose shrewd and 
determined features look out 
at visitors to the Prado 
through the crinkled halo of a 
ruff painted by H Greco. The 
political and economic situa- 
tion is not entirely unfamiliar 
either. A central problem is 
how to pull a country’s econo- 
my out of recession, how to 
avert international conflict, or 
conduct it successfully, when 
there is a lack of able political 
leaders, a shortage of entrepre- 
neurs and commerce is held in 
low regard. • • 

But however well the gener- 
al reader may think he knows 
the dramatis personae and the 
scenarios, and however 
specialised our knowledge 
may be of the Spanish world 
in Olivares' time, Professor 
Elliott's book proves a reveal- 
ing and compelling story, 
opening up new perspectives 
on.ferailiar people and issues, 
and providing sharp insights 
from economic, political, reli- 
gious and cultural angles- The 
book is massive in its scope 
and documentation. It is natu- 
rally enriched by the distin- 
guished research of other 
scholars, but much of it 
springs from the fertile terrain 
of Elliott's own earlier work 
on related subjects. Fresh and 
alive above all to the English 
reader are the Count-Duke's 
voice, the cadences of his 
prose, and his favourite sea- 
faring images. Olivares is 
rightly allowed to present his 
own contradictions and 
changing fortunes, seeing him- 
self now as helmsman, more 

or less in command,' now as a 
slave, pulling obediently on 
his oar, and now as a Jonah 
that must be thrown into the 
sea if the ship is to survive. 

Elh'ott does not seek anj 
simple psychological explana- 
tion of Olivares' conduct. He 
shows him to have been t 
multifaceted personality: or 
the one hand persistent, ener 
getic and confident in his owi 
and his nation's capabilities 
on the other, insecure an< 
sensitive about his own ant 
his country’s shortcomings, f 
fascinating balance is main 
tained between Olivares’ pri 
vate motives, hi 
preoccupation with honou 

Olivares in 1625 by Vdazqne 

titles and estates, and b 
family’s reputation, and tl 
State’s requirements. Linkir 
both worlds is religious belie 
giving victories to God, ar 
explaining failures in terms • 
collective or personal anfi 
ness and guilt Olivares ke 
the reins of Spanish gover 
mem largely in his own cap 
tious grip for more tiu 
twenty years. Professor EUk 
follows his complicated rd 
tionships with other men ai 
women, especially the King, 
well as his handling of i 
political economic and soc 
dilemmas of his time, to 1 
final failures, exile and deal 
Given the dramatic pattern 
Olivares' rise and fell there . 
bound to be catharsis in t 
denouement, and we i 
moved by the Count-Du 
despite his numerous, not 
fetal flaws. This is due in j> 
to Elliott’s skill as histori 
and writer. But it is also hr 
not to feel for a politician w 
admits his mistaki 
apologises . for .1 
misjudgements and rente 
bers his university with aft 
tion. They • don't ma 
statesmen like that any mo 



uadine subsdr hot* publsher seeks n 
mob ot at) im flown. non-fiat®. p 
luyle. scholarly and rtfifntu work etc 
“tow wsewnal. Send hr face booklet 



Don’t write off this union 

Stuart Sexton 


; Taylor’s 
j trials 

• —After the avalanche of public 
' ; 'support that has fallen upon John 

• • Stalker, could his erstwhile 
' ^acquaintance, businessman Kevin 

■■ Taylor, be about to pluck our 
heartstrings? Talking to roe yes- 
; - today Taylor made fierce com- 

• .plaints about police conduct He 

:: claims (hat his home and office 

- • have been subjected to raids and 
1 24-hour photographic sorveil- 

• * lance; that he has been repeatedly 
i —followed, and his business 
;** premises broken into illegally. He 
> --also believes that his mail has been 
] * opened and his telephone tapped. 

; "‘““My view has always been that the 

1 police have to be supported for the 
^^ireater good,” says the former 
local Tory chair man, “but I don't 
' '/ believe that any more. I’ve lost 20 
- years ofbusiness out of all this and 
my whole future .and that of my 
family have almost been ruined.” 
A Greater Manchester police 
. spokesman told me yesterday: 
“This matter is subject to an 
. . investigation at the moment and it 
.would be improper to make any 

/The fuzz 

! Suddenly all eyes are upon burly 

• - James Andcrton. chief constable 
[ *’ of Greater Manchester, rather 
; than his svelte deputy. John 
'. “ Stalker. A story circulating in the 
; , city has it that during the recent 

■ ’ difficult weeks, he was much 
‘ ' cheered by an elderly woman who 

• approached him at a public lun- 
1 . chcon. “You have done so much 

; to spread God's word.” she told 
’ . the bearded scourge of tiorth- 
1 „ country pornography. It was not 
• ' until well after coffee and mints 
:. that she confessed she had mis- 
j taken him for Terry Waite. 


Five years ago the newly formed 
SDP committed a . mortal sin 
against the Labour Party's Holy 
Ghost: wc produced a consultative 
paper advocating trade union 

The language was deliberately 
unambiguous. There was no 
pussyfooting with “better 
frameworks" or "new part- 
nerships". The word "reform” was 
squarely faced, and used. 

(Jnion.lcadcis and their spokes- 
men in Parliament reacted with ' 
venomous outrage. Relationships 
of a lifetime were badly scarred. 
Social Democrat MPs were sub- 
jected to some of the roughest 
treatment the Commons can mete 
out; their speeches drowned by 
cries of “traitor". 

Yesterday the SDP produced an 
updated version of that paper. The 
contrast of reactions should be 
instructive. Ritual condemnation 
may emerge from the’ TUC. but " 
the tone. I suspect, will be much 
less extreme. Why is this? 

There arc three possible reasons - 
— that the SDP has softened its 
views: that the unions no longer 
see the SDP as so great a threat: or 
that the unions themselves have 
shifted their position. 

Certainly the SDP has not given 
ground and there has been no loss, 
of reforming zeal. Might it be then 
that in trade union eyes the SDP is 
less of a threat? Doubtless this will 

Roger Liddle argues that Labour and 
Alliance could join forces after the next 
election to reform industrial relations 

be the public posture. But in any 
sober assessment of Labour's 
prospects, union leaders must 
know that after the next general 
election a minority Labour gov- 
ernment is the best that the 
electoral arithmetic now promises 
- and . in terms of rigging union 
law the way they wauldidcally like 
it. such 'a government would be 

The truth is that the .TUC is 
slowly and painfully adjusting to 
the 1980s. There have been straws 
. in the wind for some time — the 
so-called “new realism", the. de- 
cisive shift in the balance of pet wer 

within the General Council in 
favour of the moderates and the 
emergence of a new generation of . 
union .leaders free from the illu- 
sions of the social contract era. On 
trade unionism/s opposite wing. 
Scargill is bankrupt and the Trans- 
port and General Workers' Union 
is no longer Bcnniic. nor so 

The General Council's accep- 
tance of ihc principle" of ballots 
before strikes and for union 
executive elections is a decision of 

fundamental importance. While 
equivocal in dodging, the question 
of effective sanctions for non- 
compliance. this none the .less 
represents a remarkable turn- 
round for an organization that last 
year almost expelled two of its 
leading member unions for accept- • 
ing government money for secret 

Agreement to secret ballots 
opens up the possibility of new 
common . ground on industrial 

relations between the Alliance and 

Labour. There has always been a 
significant difference of emphasis - 
between • the Conservative and 
SDP approaches to trade union 
reform which the unions* blanket 
hostility has obscured. While both ' 
approaches accept the need for 
protection of individual rights 
(e.g. on the closed shop) and the 
restriction of unreasonable use of 
power (e.g. on secondary indus- 
trial action), the Conservatives 
have been motivated by a 
Hayekian desire to weaken the 
unions' bargaining strength. Social 
Democrats, by contrast, have 
always wanted to see strong trade 
unions — strong in the sense that 

they arc democratic and repre- 
sentative of their members — 
playing a full role in a modernized 
industrial relations system. 

To pal it crudely, .the Conser- 
vatives have tried to push the 
unions oul That strategy, to judge 
by its economic impact, is in 
ruins, with real pay increases 
outstripping inflation by 5 per cent 
at a .time of 3.5 million, un- 
employed. The SDP on. the other 
hand wants to reform the unions 
in order to bring them back in. 

These thoughts raise a wider 
political question. If the trade 
unions realize that they must, 
accept reform and that Labour on 
its own - will never be in any 
position to turn the clock back to 
the 1970s. wiU they eventually 
forte Labour to come to terms 
with the Alliance? 

That would be expecting the old 
carthorse to make a very large.Ieap 
of imagination. Blit once set in a 
particular direction, they may find 
it difficult to turn back. If that is 
so. then not only is there a real 
prospect ofan emerging centre-left 
.alternative -to Mrs Thatcher, but 
Britain's long lack of consensus on 
industrial relations may be com- 
ing to an end. 


A real pay deal 

Roger Liddle is a member of the 
SDP national committee ana was 
author or its proposals on trade 
union reform. 

i wonder if he $ad to apologize 
to the Tory party as weir 

1 Me old China 

I The first copy of China Daily 
since Robert Maxwell became its 
London publisher has just reached 
me and bears, as promised, his 
- picture. It seems the caption- 
writers found Maxwell so oriental 
of aspect that they felt obliged to 
tell their readers how to distin- 
guish him from the editor. - Chen 
Li. without reference to their sizes 
(Chen Li is diminutive. Maxwell 
bulks exceeding laigcj. Chen Li. 
the caption says tactfully, is the 
one wearing the dirk suit. 

SDP fission 

David MarquamL' the don and 
former Labour MP who hdped get 
the SDP airbome'in 1981, could 
find himself left high and dry at 
next month's party assembly. 
Although a motion endorsing the 
policies of the joint SDP-Liberal 
commission on defence and 
disarmament has an Edinburgh 
activist’s name next to it. I 
understand that Marquand is set 
to propose it. The motion, stress- 
ing the need for an agreed SDP- 
Uberal position, flies in the face of 
David Owen's outbursts in July 
that he would not scrap Polaris 
without -getting something in re- 
turn. Activists are convinced that 
Marquand's motion will be re- 
jected by the powerful policy 
committee, which has put forward 
its own motion i being Owen's 
line. The problem is that Mar- 
quand is himself oh- the commit- 
tee. Yesterday, he maintained that 
anything might yet happen to 
avoid conflict. If it didn't, would 
he resign? “There's nothing in the 
constitution demanding collective 
responsibility from members.” 

Fry blown 

Peter Clarke, official Tory can- 
itidatc for East Lothian, con sleep 
Busier than he imagined. Michael 
pry. who fought the scat as an 
unofficial Ton- candidate at the 

S st election, has no plans vet to 
jhl the next ejection, as Clarke 
ud anticipated in my item yes- 
■erday. So Clarke has only one 
Tory rival to fend off. 


The recent Soviet request for 
observer status at the next meeting 
of the General Agreement on 
Tariffs and- Trade has been inter- 
preted as evidence that Moscow is 
taking greater interest in the way ' 
the West runs its economic affairs - 
with a view, perhaps, to instituting 
reforms at home. Bui the true 
reason is much simpler it wants to 
sell more to us. 

This is not the first time that the 
Soviet Union has dealt with 
international financial organiza- 
tions. but its record of involve- 
ment has been chequered. At the 
end of the Second World War 
Moscow was represented at Bret- 
ton. Woods, but it did not join the 
International Monetary Fund and 
the World Bank. It attended the 
Havana conference but the Inter- 
national Trade Organization 
(1TO) was still-born and it was not 
invited to Gait the ITO's effective 

For a short time thereafter 
Stalin suspended all Soviet 
participation in the United Na- 
tions: he refused to join the 
Marshall Plan consultations 
which led to the foundation of the 
Organization for European Eco- 
nomic Cooperation, now the 
OECD, and stopped any of the 
East European states from joining. 
One of Gromyko's first actions on 
becoming foreign minister was to ; 
try to preempt the formation of 
the European Community- by • 
resurrecting the 1TQ. 

Pursuing his dictum that one of 
the effects of the Second World 
War was to create “two world 
markets" — one • socialist, one 
capitalist — Stalin laid the founda- . 
tions of the Soviet bloc. He . 
sponsored the establishment in 
1949 of the Council for Mutual 
Economic Assistance (Comecon), 
which much later set up its parallel 
to the IMF. the International Bank 
for Economic Cooperation (IBEC. 
1964) and the International 
Investment BankfHB. 1971). 

Subsequently, rather than ap- 
proach Western financial 
organizations. Khrushchev and 
Brezhnev turned to the economic 
role of the United Nations and its 
specialized agencies. They re- 
joined the International Labour 
Organization, promoted the Eco- 
nomic Commission for Europe* 
(ECE) and participated from the 
start in the UN Conference on 
Trade and Development (Unctad) 
and the UN Industrial Develop- 
ment Organization fUnido). 

Now Mikhail Gorbachov has 
set his sights on Gait — wishing, to 
use Moscow's own words Iasi 
December, “to be more closely 
associated with multilateral eco- 
nomic negotiations". If he is 
serious, now is the time to act. The 
new* Gan negotiating round, for : 
which the forthcoming ministerial . 
meeting at Puma del Este in 
Uruguay will decide the agenda, 
sets a starting date: if Moscow 
were excluded now. it would have 
no further opportunity until some 
time in the 1990s. h may also have 
had an eye on its neighbours: with 
China gaining observer status for 

Michael Kaser looks at the imderiying 
reason for the Soviet approach to Gatt 

is turning 
to marketing 

Gromyko tried to forestall 
Western Europe’s first steps 
to economic collaboration 

this round and Czechoslovakia. 
Hungary. Poland and Romania 
already members, the Soviet 
Union and East Germany are the 
only important communist trad- 
ing nations totally out of touch'. 

In its letter of August 15 to the 
Gait secretariat. Moscow said it 
wanted to take part to "gather 
information and experience" 
without committing itself to 
applying for cither observer status 
or full membership. Moscow has 
also put out feelers on joining the 
IMF arid World Bank, and direct 
negotiations are about to resume 
between Comecon members and 
the European Commission, 
following breakdown in 1980. A 
new Soviet policy towards inter- 
national economic organizations 
has clearly surfaced. 

■ The new policy reflects Gor- 
bachov's attempts to make the 
Soviet system more efficient, and 
Soviet economic reform is re- 
ferred to specifically in the August 

Gorbachov wants bigger 
sales to the West to offset 

falling oil 

15 letter, whidT speaks of 
. “prospective changes in the Soviet 
foreign trade regime". Hie Soviet 
premier, Vitaliy Ryzhkov, made 
dear to the Soviet Communist 
Party congress in March that 
manufacturers would be made 
more responsive to the compar- 
ative costs of foreign products. 
The effective use of a customs 
tariff would offer grounds for Gatt 
membership and could form the 
“financial bridge" (as the Hungar- 
ians put it) between borne and 
foreign prices, protecting domestic 
firms on a money stale rather 
than, as now, by central fiat 
Realistic exchange rates would 
be essential and could form the 
basis of participation in the IMF. 
If such monetary 'reform were 
envisaged, a first phase might be 
for the IBEC to make its “trans- 
ferrable rouble” convertible and 
thereby facilitate decentralizing 
reforms' throughout Comecon. 
This was the course chosen by 

both Yugoslavia and Hungary, 
which supported their reforms of 
the later 1 960s by joining Gatt and 
. opening their economies to West- 
ern trade.. 

It is in the interest of the West 
for the Comecon nations, es- 
pecially the Soviet Union, to 
institute economic liberalization, 
but Gorbachov has yet to pilot any ' 
reform through his party apparat 
— last April's decree on private 
incomes shows the strength of 
anti-market sentiments. . 

Rather, he may be swayed by 
the urgent Soviet need to export 
more manufactured goods - to 
make up the loss of earnings 
resulting from lower oil produc- 
tion.and the sharp fall is its {nice. 
Already last year Soviet earaipgg 
in the West from ofl were 20 per 
cent bdow those of 1984, when 
they accounted for two-thirds' of 
all sales. To make good the loss, 
Ryzhkov told the Supreme Soviet 
in June that in 1990 exports of 
manufactures should be 70 per 
cent greater than in 1985. 

Gatt membership would bring 
most favoured nation (MFN) 
treatment in the United States; 
although most other Gan mem- 
. hers accord MFN de facto , their, 
quantitative restrictions on Soviet 
sales would be a matter for 
negotiation. Moreover, Soviet ex- 
ports of manufactures, by reason 
of varying standards and quality, 
are especially vulnerable to tech- 
•. meal, barriers to trade; which are 
. likely to be high on the agenda of 
the next Gan . negotiating round. 

*. Western .interest inand.objec- 
tions to Soviet partitipatiou in 
'Gatt are in the- same fields of 
econororcs, but have a separate 
- political side. If the USSR is to 
. push .more of its products on 
Western markets to replace oil 
earnings, it is better that any 
dumping of market disruption be 
monitored and presumably dis- 
sipated through standard Gatt 
procedures. Western Europe al- 
ready has trouble with the two 
biggest economic powers — the 
United States and Japan — and 
should welcome orderly trading 
with the USSR. But. .can the 
Russians meet the criteria for Gart 
membership? The first official US 
reaction was eloquent: "The So- 
viet international trading system 
is at fundamental, practical and 
philosophical variance with the 
-principles and practices of Gatt.” 

Politically, Western opposition 
runs deeper, because Czecho- 
slovakia. Hungary, Poland and 
Romania are already Gatt mem- 
bers and could have less freedom 
of manoeuvre If a Soviet delega- 
tion were beside them. The EEC is 
anxious to protect and promote 
East European autonomy and 
insists that the forthcoming nego- 
tiations with Comecon should, 
result in a separate treaty with 
each Eastern, partner. While it is 
desirable that the planned econo- 
mies should be brought closer to 
the market majority, East-West 
politics stand- in the way. 

Politicians representing the local 
education authorities (the employ- 
ers of teachers in state schools) 
and the leaders of the teachers' 
unions ha\ e- been meeting for 
several months under the auspices 
of Acas. the conciliation service. 
The meetings arose from the long 
teachers* dispute. : and were to 
discuss pay-and conditions for the 
half million teachers in England 
and Wajcs. * 

Some weeks ago it was reported 
that agreement had been reached, 
at a cost of £2.-9 billion. The 
government is still considering 
this: most particularly whether the 
-proposed conditions of service 
and pay structure would really 
improve teaching: and secondly 
whether the taxpayer can afford 
the bin. 

Bui docs not this beg one great 
question? Why on earth docs 
teachers' pay have to be the same 
all over the country, a national 
wage: and why should that fixed 
rate be enforced by law? Why such 
government involvement, why 
local politicians, why trade union 
/ leaders — why not teacher nego- 
tiating directly with employer? 

Consider this. A three-bedroom 
house costs £30.000 in some parts 
of the country and £60.000 or 
more in others. A one-bedroom 
.flat might be £10.000 in some 
towns; O0.00Q would not buy you 
one in many parts of London. Yet 
. the teacher, perhaps a young 
teacher just married and wanting 
to buy a house.' gets the same 
money for the same scale job. give 
or take a pound or two. wherever 
he or she works. In one area that 
teacher can afford a mortgage: in 
another, no hope at aJL 
Or consider this. Along the 
coast from Portsmouth to South- 
ampton there is a booming hi-iecft 
industry, paying high salaries for 
good ; physics graduates. Many 
good physics 'teachers have left 
Hampshire schools for industry, 
some at double their school 
sal ary .There is far less com- 
petition for graduates in politics or 
sociology, no matter how good 
they may be. And elsewhere in the 
country, where there is no ^such 
industry, even physicists are not tit 
demand. Even so. all schools, 
wherever they’ arc. find it hard to 
recruit good physicists, math- 
ematicians and experts in CDT 
(craft, design, technology). 

Now in most other professions, 
the salary paid varies from person 
to person and place to place. It 
derives from a combination of an 
assessment of the professional 
quality and competence, of that 
person, and the competing de- 
mands for that person from other 
employers in the, area. : 

If you are a good engineer you 
expeetto be- paid more, aid! more, 
•than a poor engineer. If thereis a 

shortage in your kind of engineer- 
ing (electronic?) you expect to be 
paid more than if there were many 
qualified for the job. If they want 
you to live and work in a high-cost 
area you expect to be paid more 
than in a low-cost area. 

Surely all of this is no more than 
common sense. Why should it hot 
apply, to the teaching profession? 
And< if it did apply to. teachers, 
would we not get more high- 
quality teachers, more 'in the 
"shortage subjects", and more 
good' teachers willing to serve in 
high -cost areas? Or course we 
would. A much higher ' quality, 
responsive and responsible teach- 
ing profession would result. . 

An early step for Kenneth 
Baker. Secretaiy of Stale, for 
Education, in his. quest both for 
higher quality of education and 
devolved management to schools, 
should be to scrap the Remunera- 
tion of Teachers Acu scrap the 
Burnham committee on pay. and 
pul nothing in their place. 

. "Oh.” say the bureaucrats, "jou 
must retain control., otherwise 
there would be a free-for-all.” 
Indeed there would, and each 
teacher's pay would go up or go 
down in response to the demand- 
- for that teacher's teaching. “No. 
no. you still cannot have such a 
ridiculous free markeL.Just imag- 
ine those daft local councils who 
would double or treble teachers* 
pay..and pass all the cost on to the 
ratepayers and the taxpayers.” 
There are two answers to that 
- First, all local expenditure. . and 
not just teachers' pay. should be 
far more accountable to the pay- 
masters — the ratepayers and 
taxpayers - which is one reason 
why every elector, ought to pay 
some rates. But secondly, expen- 
diture on schools, the budget, 
should be devolved to the gov- 
ernors of each school. Let them 
pay the safety bill from ihe budget 
tor their school. They would 
ensure — most at least - that they 
got value for money. 

■So the message is clear; The 
receni pay negotiations have been 
based on a false premise, namely 
that there continues to be a need 
for a nationally fixed wage, legally 
enforced. Let's start again and say 
. it is up to the individual teacher 
and individual employer to nego- 
tiate what that particular teacher is 
worth,- to that school. }n that 
subject in that part of the country. 

Restore the professionalism to 
leaching at a stroke, by repealing 
the Remuneration of Teachers Act 
. — repealing, not amending or 
replacing. Let the good teacher 
flourish and be rewarded in a free 
'.market Qur children's education 
would be the first to benefit - 
Thcauihorwps a special adviser to 
Sir Keilh Joseph i then Education 
■ Secrerarjr. .. : 

moreover .. . Miles Kington 

All the latest 

The author is Professorial Fellow 
of Sr Antony's College. Oxford. 

Nuclear power: resiting for safety 

Soft cell 

Four hundred London bankers are 
wiling with bated breath to learn 
whether the Department of the 
Environment will allow softball 
caguc matches in H>de Park next 
£ 2 son. Softball is a version of 
nscball played with a softer ball 
'lot all that soft, though; the police 
Jew the whistle on the present 
I legal season after a complaint 
rum a passer-by who had been hit 
>n the head. Now- the bankers, 
tainlv American, are anxious to 
el back to ihcir Hyde park bases. 
Vhv don't they change to Regent's 
Sri, which already has four 
esignated softball pitches? “We 
It live in Kensington and Chelsea 
nd Hyde Park is more convc- 
mbl After all. we are taxpayers." 
rganiwr Justin Day tells me. . 


As the Chemobyi inquiry contin- 
ues in Vienna, the big question for 
Britain is not amid such a disaster 
happen here but. if it did. how 
would the authorities cope? How 
much, contingency planning is 
there and how successful would 
emergency action be? 

An accident at a nuclear power 
station exposes (he public to three 
separate risks: early death from 
radiation: damage to land and 
property through contamination 
and prolonged neglect after an 
evacuation; and the long-term 
danger of cancer and other health 

Those most at risk are people 
living close to a reactor. Bui 
closeness is a relative term. la the 
US. the national evacuation zone 
was extended after the accident at 
Three Mile Island from between 
two and three miles to 10 miles. In 
Britain, the evacuation zone has 
remained three kilometres, or just 
under two miles. 

The American authorities were 
able to extend the zone because 
their nuclear power stations have 
always been sited well away from 
large populations as part of a 
defena'-in-depth strategy. But 
Bn tain has had no such strategy. 

Britain's problem is dem- 
onstrated by the number of people 
living within 10 miles ofa reactor. 
Berkeley 127.600. Bradweli 
1 } 1 .000. Dungcncss 18.200. Hart- 
lepool 434.100. Hcysham 147.100. 
Hinklcy Point 79.200. Hunterston 

88.400. Oldbury 169.800. Sizewvl] 
29.900. Trawsfynvdd 18.200. Tor- 
ness 9.700. Wylfa 24.700 - a total 
of more than one and a quarter 
million. (These figures are based 
on the 1981 census and are 

. . In the case of some of these 
stations, a big nuclear accident 
would necessitate the evacuation 
of a great many people. In some 
cases; one or more large urban 
areas would have to be evacuated, 
and the land would be uninhab- 
itable for perhaps a century. 

But Ihe Central Electricity Gen- 
erating Board and the South of 
Scotland Electricity Board claim 
that there woe no other suitable 
locations. In' other words, the 
siting of nuclear power stations 
has not been regarded as an 
important safety factor. But if a 
big accident were to occur, it is 
unlikely that any reasonable de- 
gree of evacuation could be 
achieved. The consequences 
would probably be considerably 
worse than at Chernobyl. 

Nor is there likely to be any 
change in policy on the siting oY 
nuclear power stations, whatever 
the findings of the Chernobyl 
inquiry. Once a nuclear site Is 
established there are strong pres- 
sures to keep it going The costs of 
decontaminating a site and restor- 
ing it to other uses are very high. 

It is not only evacuation itself 
that would be a problem, but 

rimling the information from 
which to proceed in the event of a 
'disaster. At present, the basic 
information needed for disaster 
planning is not collected sys- 
tematically. Unless someone is 
made responsible for collecting 
this information and evaluating 
the risks, there will be no factual 
basis for any rational management 
strategy, should there bc-a major 
radiation leak. 

Given these deficiencies, any 
accident would inevitably result in 
political pressure for all nuclear 
plants to be closed. But should all 
plants be closed simply because 
some are unwisely ' located? 
Widespread closures would result 
in vast sums of public money 
being spent on alternative sources 
of energy, and in living standards 
being jeopardized. 

Any nuclear accident would 
result, further, in claims for 
compensation. But there is no 
guarantee, in the event of a 
disaster, ihat the resources avail 
able would be sufficient to cover 
the claims that would be made. 

Government liability and the 
liability of nuclear licensees was 
established by the Brussels Proto- 
col of 1982 a‘nd the 1983 Energy 
Act. The licensees' . liability is 
£ 21 J million, the government's 
share is £1)4 million, and a 
further £96 million would be 
available from a pool of contribu- 
tions from all signatories to the 

• "Y . . 

However, these figures would 
prove pitifully small if a disaster 
on the scale of Chernobyl hap- 
pened here. There is no provision 
in the . Energy. Act for claims 
bey ond £230 million to be met out 
of funds provided by such means 
as Parliament may determine. Yet 
the cost of the .Chernobyl accident 
is so far estimated by the Soviet 
• Union to be more than £13 bil- 
lion. and West German farmers 
are claiming £160 million iii 

The CEGB and SSEB would be 
wise to consider “insuring" them- 
selves against disaster risks by a 
deliberate policy of: not developing 
many of their sites further and 
seeking really remote locations. 

. T4tis would afco minimize most of 
the health risks. 

The premium — a complete 
review of the site list — might seem 
high, and there might also be a 
public cost, in that electricity 
prices could rise as a result of 
■additional development costs and 
transmission losses. Bui .this , is 
prohahk the form of insurance 
most people would prefer if 
nuclear power is really necessary. 

Stan Openshaw 
and John Fernle 

Dr Openshaw is the author ttl 
_ Nuclear Power: Siting and Safety 
‘ f RoM lithe <ff Kegun Paul): John 
Ice me is at-aialti*r of Resources: 
Tnv ironmem and Policy (Harper 
A Rimx ’ 

PJ- Kavanagh writes a very 
enjoyable, rather aut umnal col- 
umn in The Spectator every week. 
By autumnal 1 mean that it fsfiBed 
with a slightly wistful note as if 
summer were just ending all the 
time, and although he casts plenty 
of sunshine, it’s not the kind for 
sunbathing. In the current issue he 
actually writes about the seasons, 
regretting our lack of contact with 
them. The loss of ritual moments 
in the year does seem to bring in 
its train psychological disad- 
vantages and depressions, he says, 
in a wistful sort of way. 

It is true that very few of us get 
involved in harvest festivals, seed 
sowing, lambing time and so on, 
but the idea that there arc no more 
seasonal rituals has to be chal- 
lenged. Tire church calendar has 
been replaced bya media calendar 
which is twice as full of ritual 
moments, measuring out our year 
for us, and I would like to suggest 
to Mr Kavanagh that these days 
we can hardly move for new ritual 
moments. Here is a brief selection. 

Hogmanay on all TV channels. 
Third Sunday after .Christmas 
Sales. Festival of proliferation of 
summer holiday brochures. Hist 
month of pantomime season. And 
of thank-^ou later writing season. 
Chinese New Year begins and 
Burns Night ends. 


St Valentine's Day: Times and 
Guardian readers reveal their true 
nature by openly calling each 
other Flubbsy Wubbsy. The foot- 
ball .Pools Panel celebrates hs first 
meeting. First photographs of 
shivering models demonstrating 
next summer's swimwear beside 
the Serpentine. Snow, and there's 
more to come, say weathermen. 

Latest spri ng yet, say gardening 
correspondents. Christmas panto- 
mimes enter their last month. ITV 

axto BBC announce dinezi&g sum- 
mer schedules. Oxford and .Cam- 
bridge row against each other; 
somebody wins. English Test 
cricketers return -^festival of 
speculation about new captain. ' 

Bank Holiday season starts; many 
cars, on road for first time since 
autumn, break down. First straw- 
berries in shops, usually a species 
-known only in California and 
tasting of nothing. First new paper 
of the year goes on sate, admitting 
terrible teething problems. Codes 
go back, or perhaps forward, ' 


Cup final: Wembley declared 
disaster area. Cricket season 
.starts; the heavens open. AH 
quality newspapers print photo- 
graphs of little lambs. All travel 
finnsawwanced big price cuts. 


Next year’s calendars start to 
appear in the shops. The Queen 
attends the beating and retreating 
and trooping of various things, 
and gets an official birthday in 
recompense. Counting of the tour- 
ists begins. Many Americans visit 
Derby, under the impression that 
the Derby is run there. Scottish 
football season begins. 


O level and A 'level season begins; 
many casualties. The first Test 
match is washed out, or at least 
drawn. Summer television repeat 
season starts. 

Football season starts. Last 
surviving grouse in Scotland is 
shot dead. Anybody not in Edin- 
burgh curses the mass coverage of 
the Edinburgh Festival. Notting 
Hill Carnival: not many dead. 
University degree results swamp 
quality newspapers. Pick your 
own fruit festival st ar t s ; many 
households frantically finish off 
last yearis raspberry janL Festival 
season at its height — many road 
signs seen saying “Last Festival 
Before Motorway”. ITV and BBC 
announce glittering autumn 


University year starts, with many 
students already overdrawn. Fust 
small boy is heard 'asking for 
penny for tire Guy. Last holiday- 
makers depart; travel firms an- 
nounce holidays cut to £5. 
Stubble-bunting season; many 
motorways dosed. Party political 
. conference season: many' tele- 
visions are switched off for the 
month. First Christmas charity 
appeals come through tire post. 


Post Office announces last Christ- 
mas posting dales for Falkland 
Islands, outlying parts of Channel 
Islands and London postal areas 
with big numbers. Skiing holiday 
brochures swamp households. 
Leaves fall on railway lines and 
completely halt British Rail, who 
were’ not expecting than. 

-November ■■■ 

ITV and BBC announce glittering 
Christmas TV schedules. French 
.roads jammed by teams of British 
lunatics bringing new Beanjalais 
back ho trie. 

... ... .December 
TV stars who .have already taped 
.their Christmas show fly to the 
Seychelles. It's spend, spend, 
spend, say High Street shops. AH 
magazines charge twice normal 
price for their Christmas number. 
Christmas shopping starts In ear- 
nest on December 24. Sales start 
pn December 26, PJ. Kavanagh 
writes wistfiil piece about Christ- 
mas, The year ends; • 


J cai 


Al-Xfc xAiVi£S A.ilUivSX>r>.I AuoUil 23 litoO 

1 Pennington street, London El 9 XN Telephone: 01-481 



The _ gadaffi waits again 

warships are* S d °? Ubya * then wwH mind by US la 

more in the Gulf of Sine ttS be Mfortunatfi. but necessary. • consider whethi 

more in the Gulf nf -rul ^ “ u,ul dui necessary, 
bulky figure of Vernon Whf ApnI 1 5 ^ W a 

tere,theUSAmWlort^t ^however. They had a cost 
•United Nation* £ e 111 avi ban lives which was 

ing London! ^h^ nf P i^SSr“ J£ pUnned and regrettable, 
fiance suesest ihatrvS^i 7^ e extenl of the casualties 
Gadaffhsback iJftiL IowtI f d i usl a Unle the high 

of term ri cm TK p ttsiness moral ground from which the 

forTS Ir'.h'TT *? raids iwre mounted, 
raids oifPihvaa !* e Apn There was also a political 

811(1 01106 a ® u », cost, both for the UnitedSraws 
Th«Tdn„T^ S t,c “«< for the British Gov^ 
attackonTfh^LJ^ 6 mem which had lent its sup- 
i?E arkte ^ P 0 ** misunder- 

ofT Fo? itf .S? •*■“** ^ sland * n 8 of the American 

Si woriH hifi5 ur ?ction in Wfiste ^ Europe ro- 

w if A i ?? 5 ro^uvely awakened the image of 
free ofArabterronsm. Colonel “Ram bo” Reagan. Trans- 
hU b S^^ 5 anng atlantic mistrust found open 

«f S Q et0l ^ C ‘ Assad expression. And Moscow was 

ot ^yna, formerly implicated able to frighten those who 
°* terrorism, has would listen with its own fears 
seen the diplomatic wisdom of of US power, 
speaking against it Greece and For the American public, 

Yugoslavia, sometime havens the “Ram bo” factor was an 
0r J - t £ n ? rists at ^ have asset Their President had 
modified their public stance. given the Libyans the hiding 
The US raid had an effect. It many Americans knew he 
showed that those who be- deserved. Libyan deaths were 
lieved in the use of force for a small ■ compensation for 
political ends would respect Americans kidnapped in Leba- 
supenar force. The notion of non, tortured on cruise ships 
Arab unity was exposed for the and killed at airports. But in 
chimera h still is. And far from Europe, and particularly - in 
being revered as a martyr, Britain, it was different 
Gadaffi was isolated for his Here, for many people, the 
weakness. Neither Damascus Prime Minister's decision to 
nor Moscow came to his aid. allow the use of bases in 
Now jt is essential that the Britain by US warplanes en 
initiative bought by the US route for Libya called into 
raids should not be lost The question the nature of 
inviolability of the terrorist Britain’s relationship with .the 
should never again be ac- United States. It raised doubts 
cepted. And if it takes more about the workings of the 
than sabre-rattling in the Gulf Atlantic Alliance, and it dam- 
of Sirte to achieve that, indeed aged the Government’s stand- 
if it were to take another US ing. This should be borne in 


Complaints by fanners that 
they face penury, even bank- 
ruptcy, are likely to be met by 
the rest of the country with 
more scepticism than sym- 
pathy. Under the EEC com- 
mon -.agricultural policy 
substantial sectors of the in- 
dustry — though not by any 
means all . of it — enjoys a 
degree nof , subsidy and price 
support for wbich it is hard to 
think of any equivalent 

Squeezes on profit margins 
tend "to be .temporary and 
cushioned by the knowledge 
that the land which provides a 
living for farmers is a perma- 
nently renewable resource 
with an asset value, even in the 
case of the smallest holdings, 
of tens of thousands of 
pounds. Many a fanner could 
in theory seU up and retire 
tomorrow to a life of luxurious 
ease; that hardly any do in- 
dicates that most of them find 
that the satisfactions of their 
way of life more than com- 
pensate for hard work and 
financial headaches. But the 
plight of Mr Alan PowelL the 
Shropshire farmer who is su- 
ing his bank after it foreclosed 
on a £450,000 loan, suggests a 
darker side to the picture. 

His case is not, of course, 
typical. He bought a substan- 
tial part of his land at the 
height of the boom in prices 
four vears ago and has since 
seen fts market value plummet 
by about half; hence the bank's 
decision to foreclose. That he 
should have been led to be- 
lieve that the net income 
obtainable from the land 
would suffice to service a loan 
of this size indicates that he 
was ■ either naive or badly 
advised, or both. 

The boom in farmland 

prices that began in the 1970s 
was a direct result of the 
euphoria within the forming 
community that followed 
Britain's entry into the EEC 
The rapid rise in form incomes 
between 1 973 and 1 979 en- 
couraged belief in an almost 
unlimited prosperity. All form- 
ers had to do was to produce 
-more and more and the gentle- 
men in Brussels would be 
happy to pay them more and 
more for doing so. Not surpris- 
ingly everyone! suddenly 
wanted to buy as much land as 
they could, not least the finan- 
cial institutions, notably pen- 
sion funds and insurance 
companies, who concluded 
that its accumulating asset 
value would more than out- 
weigh the fact that the annual 
return in the form of form 
incomes, or rent from tenants 
did not begin to justify its 
market price. 

Fanners who already owned 
land which they had inherited 
were more selective, but were 
happy to pay inflated prices for 
good land in the knowledge 
that its cost could be comfort- 
ably set against their existing 
assets which were costing them 

But for newcomers setting 
up in business for the first time 
it was a different story. If they 
wanted land, they had no 
choice but to pay the asking 
rate and, if the. bank manager 
was prepared to go along with 
their plans, on the apparent 
assumption that the collateral 
would hold its value, they were 
led to believe that they had 
expert approval. The same 
assumption, although in some- 
what different circumstances, 
was made in the United States, 
where not only farmers but 

even the banks themselves are 
‘ now in trouble. 

In Britain in the past two or 
three years there has been not 
so much a crash in farmland 
. values as a steady decline, on 
average by about a third but-in 
some areas rather, steeper. In 
some cases, such as. .Mr 
Powell's, the banks have de- 
cided to foredose, belatedly 
concerned that neither earn- 
ings nor collateral how match 
the outstanding loans. - 

With , the City institutions 
now eager to unload them- 
selves of their agricultural 
portfolios, and large amounts 
of land being withdrawn un- 
sold at auction, there is the 
prospect of further decline in 
prices for the foreseeable fu- 
ture. More bankruptcies can 
thefore be expected. 

But there may well be 
compensations. Were the av- 
erage price to drop still further, 
from die present figure of 
around £1.500 an acre — al- 
though there are. of course, 
wide variations between top 
quality arable land in East 
Anglia and hill pasture in 
Cumbria — to around £800 an 
acre, it would not only restore 
reality to the relationship be- 
tween asset value and income 
but would also enable more 
young farmers to make a start 
in the industry without 
burdening themselves from 
the outset with crippling debts. 
That is what the National 
Fanners' Union has been 
pleading for. and if Mr Powell 
and others like him have been 
forced to pay the penalty of 
unrealistic expectations, it can 
be hoped that the City, the 
banks and formers themselves 
have absorbed the painful 


The mid-1980s have turned scheme designed better to 
into a'umeofhidustrial peace. ?~rpom^ “ “T 

Judgement must be suspended 
on exactly how much the 
relative lack of strikes is a 

aTdhow math SSSS 

dude numbers ot tne ^ Anglo-Saxon ver- 

employed and of^^mon of ^ labour codes of 

members) register a&nse w* ConlinentaI Europe m which 
the balance of g m ^ fa c detail of procedure is 

employment is about right. down in law. The SDP is 

In such a context the grand unashamedly statist Where 

scheme launched yesterday by Labour and the Conservatives 
the Social Democrats appears wou jd, for their different rea- 
sunerfluous. The Gov- wn c seek to minimize the role 
emment’s 1982 and 1984 leg- of politicians and bureaucrats 
islation has created an in indU smal relations, the 
equilibrium: the acceptance of 5 ^, 3 ! Democrats prescribe an 
pre-strike ballots by both l expansion of regulation and 
bourand the TUC show that, arbitration reaching into both 
The ease for disturbing Jt workplace and m to the 

needs to be made more co- 
gently than here. 

On the opporite page. Mr 

Roger Liddle hints that behind 
this publication there lies me 
politics of post-election co- 
alitions. Certainly, even the 

most sanguine Social Demo- 
crats cannot expect 
votes from an elaborate 

scheme designed better to spelled out The SDP wavers 
incorporate the unions in na- between its socialist inher- 
tioital life. It is best considered itance in believing that 
simply as an academic state- membership of trade unions 
meat of policy and philos- alone confers on employees 
ophy — aimed at convincing the capacity to resist oppres- 
the SDP itself of its worth. sion at work, and its Liberal 

feith that unions will, even- 
As a policy statement it is a tually, wither away, their role 
compendium, an effort to rendered unnecessary by the 
construct an Anglo-Saxon ver- involvement of employees in 
sion of the» labour codes of the profits of their firms and 
Continental Europe in which their day-to-day 'concerns 
foe fine detail of procedure is taken up in new (government- 
laid down in law. The SDP is ordered) works councils, 
unashamedly statist Where Yet to complain of an 
Labour and foe Conservatives absence of clarity in the SDP*s 
would, for their different rea- thinking about foe unions 
sons, seek to minimize foe role would be unfair. Ever since In 
of politicians and bureaucrats place of Strife the Labour 
in industrial relations, foe party has hardly dared reflect 
Social Democrats prescribe an on foe place of foe unions in 
expansion of regulation and foe modern economy. For 
arbitration reaching into both Conservatives, especially 
the workplace and into foe those who would reject every 
meeting rooms of foe unions project associated with foe 
themselves. Trade unions' Heath administration, trade 
would become public corpora- unions are treated as a residual 
lions and agencies for such evil, deserving no coherent 
broad public purposes as role. The SDP must, as with its 
enhancing safety at work or p j an s for social security, be 

equality of opportunity. credited with setting out its 

stall so helping to inform both 
No philosophy of trade foe interest groups and foe 
■ninniem IM modem Britain is electorate. 

Rise in doctors’ insurance cost 

mind by US leaders as they 
consider whether Libya re- 
quires further dissuasion. 

!f they conclude that it does, 
then there are ways in which 
the political costs can be 
minimized. The appearance of 
indecision that preceded foe 
April raid should not recur. 
Any action should be precise 
in planning and execution. 
Even more care should be 
taken to avoid injury to civil- 
ians. And US aircraft carriers 
should, if possible, be used in 
preference to bases in Britain. 
Not because it was wrong or 
even ill-advised for the Prime 
Minister 10 permit their use in 
April but because it would 
allow the impression that Brit- 
ish sovereignty had been 
undermined, and that would 
be politically counterproduc- 

Whether another raid is 
judged to be necessary de- 
pends largely on whether 
Libya heeds foe message of foe 
US Sixth Fleet. But it also 
depends on those countries 
which treat with terrorists, 
harbour them or allow them 
safe passage. 

Some discreet progress has 
been made. The European 
Community has introduced 
visa and trade restrictions. 
Greece and Italy have quietly 
loosened their ties with Libya. 
But more can be done, politi- 
cally and economically, to 
isolate foe sponsors of terror- 
ism. To this extent, whether a 
repetition of the April raids is 
needed depends on the Euro- 
peans as well as on President 

meeting rooms of foe unions 
themselves. Trade unions 
would become public corpora- 
tions and agencies for such 
broad public purposes as 
enhancing safety at. work or 
equality of opportunity. 

No philosophy of trade 
unionism in modern Bj»tain is 

From Professor David C Taylor 
and Dr Ian M. Goodyer 
Sir, Next year our professional 
insurance cost rises by 70 per cent 
r to £576 to meet foe cost of 
. -punitive damages being awarded 
in the courts. On fixed university 
salaries bat with liability for 
patient care we cannot alter our 
earnings 10 recoup this cost, which 
i. win be a further loss of earnings. 

In this weare unlike those of our 
consultant colleagues who under- 
take private practice. Though we 
are prepared to continue to share 
insurance costs with all colleagues 
in high risk categories in the NHS 
and university medicine, we see 
no argument to underwrite insur- 
ance for private practice. 

The model for these punitive 
damages arose in America, where 
earnings are high and hospital 
budgets are large. This is not so 
here, where the NHS does not 
earn, is not rich, and, most 
' importantly, already provides for 
the continuing care of those whom 
it might injure. 

Yet larger settlements are now 
bring given in increasing numbers 
in addition to our national financ- 
ing of these peopte’s needs through 
the NHS and social benefits. 

The central issue in this country 
is that within the NHS no particu- 
lar course of action or judgment 
alters the doctors' personal gain or 

Granting ever-increasmg dam- 
ages draws further resources away 
from the NHS and creates an 
additional burden to the cost of 
“defensive’’ medicine. 

Under these conditions doctors 
must be solicitous on their 
patients' behalf and pursue costly, 
painful and even dangerous in- 
vestigations to “cover” them- 

Some moves s ho uld be 
towards “no-fault” compensation 
as an aspect of a benign corporate 
health-care system. Professional 
medical insurance should be lev- 
ied as a proportion of salary in the 
NHS and declared as a proportion 
of all bills in the private sector. 
Yours faithfully, 



University of Manchester, 
Department of Psychiatry, 

Jesson House, 

Manchester Road, 

Pendlebury, Manchester. 

August 22. 

Legal divisions 

From Mr Derek Wheatley. QC 
Sir. It saddens me; from a personal 
point of view, to see the constant 
crilirisnvof one branch of-lhe.lfigai — 
profession by the other, of which 
the latest example is Sir David 
“ Napley's article (August 20). 

Sir David purports to explode 
the myths propounded, he says, by 
the Bar to maintain their unique 
position. In so doing he perpetu- 
ates a number of myths of his own. 
One is that the Bar exams are a 
soft option when compared with 
those of the solicitor, “they are 
easier to pass and less exacting in 

This may.have been true at one 
time, but certainly not now. Every 
Bar student has to have a univer- 
sity degree of a least 2:2 standard, 
whereas there is no need for a 
would-be solicitor to have . a 
university degree at alL Even so, a 
substantial proportion of those 
who take the Bar exam fail to pass _ 


Sir David's arguments that 
solicitors should have full rights of 
audience when. like himself they 
have the necessary experience and - 

Joys of Yiddish 

From Mr Sidney Sugarman 
Sir, Miles Kington is miles out in 
his interesting and amusing 
dissertation on the joys of Yiddish 
(August 20) when he attributes the 
“creation” of the language to the 
19th century. In fact Yiddish has 
been a lingua franca for Jews since 
the 10th century and there are in 
existence Yiddish marginal 
glosses in 12th-century manu- 
scripts. while Cambridge pos- 
sesses a Cairo Genisah Yiddish 
manuscript dated 1382 and Co- 
logne a medical treatise dated 

The printed works of the first 
half of the 16th century are too 
numerous to mention here. 

On the question ©fits right to be * 
“claimed to be a separate 
language”, the historical position 
is that it is a version of Middle 

Teaching design 

From Dr G. B. R. Feilden. FEng. 

Sir. The letters you published on 
July 21 from the Chairman of The 
Design Council and others, and on j 
July 29 from Dr 3. i. Shenkman, 
raised important questions on the , 
meaning of the overworked word , 
“design”. The Chairman of the 
Design Council said: 

We believe that one of the most < 
effective ways of countering (his 1 
(industrial) decline is by expanding j 
the influence of “design" as a 
method of approach in many areas 
of the curriculum at all levels of - 
education . . . 

In that context he was evidently 
referring to engineering design and 
industrial design, but to the lay- 
men "design” can equally mean 
the design of textiles or fashion. 1 

As chairman of the committee 1 
which wrote the Department of I 
Scientific and Industrial Research 
report on Engineering Design. ‘I < 
am keen 10 forward by every 1 
means possible the teaching of 
design, but it can only be a ■ 
practical proposition to teach very s 
simple forms of design to children 1 
as young os those working for r 
Common Entrance. ' 

Of course they should be en- 1 
couraged to think creatively and I 
be given imaginative projects in I 
art and crafts and begin technical - 

From Mr It. Captan 
Sir. it is not surprising that the 
Law Society should agree 10 
■ discuss the British Medical 
Association's proposals for the 
Slate to pay compensation for 
victims of medical accidents on a 
“no-fault” basis (report. August 
20). Lawyers would expect to be 
next in line for this bonanza. At a 
stroke two professions would 
eliminate foe burdensome cost of 
negligence insurance. 

It is entirely logical. If foe State 
provides a service (via the Na- 
tional Health Service, or the legal- 
aid scheme) the Slate should 
compensate innocent victims of 
that service without question. The 
only issue remaining (as with the 
Criminal Injuries Compensation 
Board) is the purely admin- 
istrative one of “how much?" 

As has been demonstrated over 
the whole spectrum of social 
services, civil servants are far 
more efficient than the courts in 
controlling State compensation 

Surely. Sir. any profession 
which invites the State to com- 
pensate its victims must first 
demonstrate to a sceptical public 
that over a long period of time 
professional standards of com- 
petence have been and will con- 
tinue to be maintained at an 
impeccable level by a fearless and 
independent body. Can both of 
these noble professions meet this 

Yours faithfully. 


13 Easlchcap. EC3. 

NHS treatment 

From DrJ. D. Manson 
Sir, Is it not a sad irony that there 
can be official satisfaction in 
demonstrating record levels of 
hospital treatment in 1985 (report, 
August IS)? 

Would U not be a happier state 
of afiairs if the figures could show 
a declining attendance at doctors* 
surgeries and hospitals which did 
not reflect the limitations of the 
health service but demonstrated 
that with better living conditions 
and greater concentration on pre- 
ventive medicine and health 
education the people of Britain 
were healthier? 

Yours faithfully, 


12 Wheatley Street, Wl. 

. August 15. 

ability, is an argument for fusion 
of the two professions. If solicitors 
could do all that barristers could 
do (but barristers could not do 
what solicitors could), who would 
be a barrister? 

-Fusion was decisively rejected 
as being against-ihe public interest 
by the Royal Commission on ' 
Legal Services, whose report was 
presented to Parliament only in 
October. 1 979. Since then the only 
real change that there has been is 
the present fierce competition 
between solicitors themselves in 
the field of conveyancing where, 
historically, the solicitor made the 
bread and butter of his living. 

To charge only £ 1 50 for convey- 
ing a house can hardly leave much 
room for profit Isn’t this the 
reason that solicitors are now 
seeking to do the work which 
traditionally, and the royal 
commission said rightly, has been • 
the prerogative of barristers? 

Yours faithfully. 


Three The Wardrobe. 

Old Palace Yard. 

Richmond. Surrey. 

August 20. 

High German, introduced into 
Poland in the I2th century by 
German Jews fleeing from the 
massacres which accompanied 
recruitment for the Crusades. 

Separated from its birthplace, it 
became corrupted during the 
ensuing centuries in both dialect 
and vocabulary. It now includes 
Slavonic and other language 
contributions, but in this respect it 
surely merely parallels the’ 
development of English over the 
same period, reflecting similar 
changes in form and vocabulary. 

Yet wc would not question 
whether English can claim “to be a 
separate language.'* 

Yours laithfiilly. 


8 Airthrey Court. 

5 Wildertoit Road. 

Branksome Park. 

Poole. Dorset. 

August 20. 

drawing, but mathematics, phys- 
ies and chemistry are the founda- 
tion of al! successful product ! 

Industry needs our best brains 
and our first task must be to build 
up our resources for teaching 1 
mathematics and science to levels 1 
comparable with those in the 1 
countries with whom we compete, 
particularly Japan. 1 

Yours faithfully. 

G. B. R. FEILDEN. • 

Vcriands. I 

Painswick. Gloucestershire. 1 

August 18. 1 

_ t 

In war and peace ! 

From Mr T. R. Burch 1 

Sir. It seems a shame to Shatter Mr 1 
Levin's illusions about the ancient 1 
Olympic Games (August 21). 
particularly as his logic is im- I 
peccable, hut the feet is that if you t 
weren't Hellenic you could not l 
compete at all. So much for < 
universal peace. t 

It's also a pily that the events in £ 
Ihc games were only those dc- t 
signed -to increase the individual's I 
prowess in war. Perhaps there's * 
not so much difference after aJL l 

Yours cur. ) 


I Ballard's Green. 1 

Burgh Heath. Surrey. I 

August 21. " ^ / 

Losing a battle 
. against weeds? 

I From Mr. It. E. T. St John 
| Sir. Mr Bnice Jones's letter (Au- 
r gust 1 8) very rightly points out the 
r responsibility that fells on land- 
1 owners, farmers and local authori- 
1 tics for the control of various 
noxious weeds growing on their 
i land. 

On behalf of a number of diems 
F for whom our firm acts. I have on 
a number of occasions com- 
plained to the Department of 
Transport about the state of weed 
infestation on motorway verges in 
particular, since they are the 
authority responsible for motors 
ways. The Department of Trans- 
port. being part of the 
Government and thus a Crown 
body, say they are not bound 
technically by the duty imposed 
under the Weeds Act 1959. 

It is normal for county councils 
to be the delegated agents respon- 
sible for the maintenance of 
motorway verges and after much 
correspondence on the issue I 
have managed occasionally to get 
some remedial action taken. 

Going by the amount of thistle- 
down one secs drifting across 
motorways at this time of year I 
regret there are still many areas 
where the department is foiling in 
its duty to neighbouring formers 
and landowners. 

I believe there are reputed to be 
somewhere in the region of 20.000 
acres of motorway and major road 
verges around the country. Even if 
I per cent of this area was infested 
with thistles, the prospect of the 
seeds from 200 acres of thistles 
spreading on 10 adjoining land is a 
daunting one! 

Yours faithfully. 

H. E T. St JOHN. 


Chartered Surveyors. 

23 Beaumont Street. Oxford. 
August 22. 

From Mrs C. M. R. Ashley 
Sir, With the “yellow peril” wait 
for a day when the sou is neither 
sticky nor hard. Then five tug?, 

. north, east, south and west and 
straight; up she comes! 

Twenty years or so ago I cleared 
a field owned by the National 
Trust of Guernsey ^ with the help of 
two families of children (aged 
about five to 1 1 years) with a box 
of chocolates as a reward. In- 
cidentally, I am still known in 
those families as “Mrs Ragwort”! 
Yours faithfully, 


. Les Chenes Yens, 

Mont Marche, 

Forest, * 

Guernsey, Channel foies. 

. Clergy’s future 

From the Reverend David Ashion 
. Sir. There can be no doubt that 
your correspondent. Mr Derek 
Wilson (August 19) will have 
raised more than a few cleigy 
hackles. I speak as one of the 
younger clergy whom Mr Wilson 
sees on the road to defeat and soon 
to- become a demoralized incom- 
petent member of the sub-stan- 
dard parish clergy. 

Perhaps his insights into the 
problems of the Church are valid 
but 1 venture to suggest that the 
Church —and herein I include the 
whole body of Christ, lay and 
ordained — gels the clergy it prays 
■ for. If the clergy are demoralized 
and lacking enthusiasm, if their 
spiritual life is at a tow ebb. then 
perhaps it is because they are 
weary of always being on the front 
line, with little support but much 

The strength of the Church lies 
in prayerful and mutual charitable 
support. It is high time we all got 
off our soap-boxes and down on - 
our knees. 

Yours sincerely. 


Si Luke’s House. 
lOOakficld Road. 

Pambcr Heath. 

Basingstoke. Hampshire. 

August 19. . 

From the Reverend Stephen Trou 
Sir, The section of opinion in the - 
Church represented by your 
correspondent Derek Wilson 
would very ranch like to see the 
abolition of the parson's freehold; 1 
for if they are usable to gain 
control of the Church by synodical 
manoeuvres, held in check by the 
House of Clergy, what better than 
to be able to threaten their 
livelihood as individuals, and 
even dictate what they most 
believe about the doctrine of 

Those who are continually 
proposing “progressive” mea- 
sures, and vilifying the clergy 
when they cannot have their own 
way, should not be surprised Ural 
the clergy resent a movement 
away- from the parish system, 
replacing the personal pastoral 
care of the priest for his parish by a 
variety of committees and agen- 

Where foe task of ministering 
does become debiliiatuig, it is 
largely as a result of failure to 
provide proper resources for 
demanding parishes; while the 
clergy see ever, more of the 
Church's slender resources di- 
verted to finance a mushrooming 
synodical bureaucracy and to pay 
a burgeoning army of extra- 
parocmal clergy. 

The answer is not to remove the 
parish system, bm to put more and j 
more resources into it to reduce 1 
the size of vast city parishes; to 
create mud) smaller dioceses, / 
where bishops can be freed from ‘j 
administration to offer more pas- < 
total care for their clergy and to 
help them in mission; where those ( 
who fail can be helped and not 1 
threatened with removal. < 

Yours feith fully, 


14 Southgate, < 

Hessle, Humberside. 1 

August 19. ] 


AUGUST 28 1861 

In spite of the argument advanced 
in this leading article for retaining , 
capital punishment in extreme \ 
cases of attempted murder, the 
execution of Martin Doyle (August 
27, 7861) was the last carried out 
for that crime. The hut public 
execution urns on May 26. 1868 


S . [attempted MURDERj 

. . . Viewing punishment merely 
as an instrument for the preven- 
. tion of crime, it would probably be 

expedient and certainly legitimate 
r to treat aggravated attempts to 
murder wiuTfoe same severity as if 
murder had actually been effected. 

[ while in point of moral atrocity the 

acts for which people perish on the 
scaffold often fall short of thoee for 
which a short term of imprison- 
ment is awarded. For instance, a 
1 man of mild and humane disposi- 
tion may in a paroxysm of dnink- 
1 enness seize a deadly weapon and 
inflict a wound, which acting on a I 
: weakly constitution may cause f 

death some months afterwards. | 
r Here the assailant is guilty of I 
murder in the eye of the law; j 
! intoxication is no excuse; the use of I 

a deadly weapon is a legal presump- 1 
tion of homicidal malice, and the I 
circumstance that death is not I 
immediate does not alter the I 
nature of the offence. The case we I 
have put is Dot imaginary; it I 
occurred at Winchester hardly aj 
year ago, and the prisoner was-left I 
for execution without hope ofj 
mercy, though we believe foe j 
sentence was afterwards I 
commuted. 1 

Let us now compare with the j 
foregoing case another, equally | 
real, in which death did not result J 
from the violence employed, and I 
yet in which anything but a capital I 
punishment would have been a I 
mockery of justice. We allude to I 
foe crime of MARTIN DOYLE, 1 
who was tried at Chester before I 
Mr. Justice CROMPTON during I 
the Summer Assizes of the present I 
year. This man had cohabited fori 
about a twelvemonth with a mar- 1 
ried woman named JANE I 
BROGINE. They were both “on I 
the tramp", and fey down to rest in I 
a hollow dose to the turnpike road. I 
The prisoner drew the woman's I 
head on to his lap, and she slept I 
utterly unconscious of the fotei 
preparing for her.. At last the) 
prisoner got up, selected three] 
stones of murderous size and! 
sharpness, with which he proceed- 1 
ed to batter the poor creature's I 
head . . .His least brutal answer to I 
her entreaties was “JANE, say no I 
more. 1 intend to have your life; I 
came for it, and I wifi have it.” He I 
repeated the same statement to the I 
policeman^ - and entered with | 
minute and disgusting bravado I 
into the story of his own diabolical I 
cruelty, confirming thp evidence of I 
■ his victim in every particular. On ] 
foe trial, wbere herappearance was I 
so shocking thdt “a perfect thrill of j 
horror ran through the Court”, he I 
questioned and insulted her till she l 
fainted frequently, and at last had] 
to be carried 'away, and made a] 
defence to the jury which was] 
enough in itself to prove the] 
incurable badness of his heart Yet I 
this monster, whose pitiless sav-j 
agery can hartfiy be paralleled, and l 
whose intent to murder was I 
avowed, might very well have got] 
off with a totally inadequate] 
punishment had the jury been less] 
conscientious and the Judge less] 
firm than was happily the case. As | 
it was. a verdict of Guilty was] 
returned on the first and main | 
count, and Mr. Justice CROMP-1 
TON had the moral courage to pass ] 
sentence of death upon him. This] 
sentence, so rarely executed where] 
life has not actually been sacri~| 
fioed, was carried into effect yester- j 
day, in the presence of a vast] 
crowd, and a precedent was set! 
which deserves the expression of] 
public gratitude. | 

We should have spared our] 

- readers foe painful details of this] 
dreadful act, but that they show, as | 
no general arguments can* how far! 
a blood-thirsty ferocity may be] 
carried, and yet accidentally foil on 
its object. The princfole at stake is| 
of for wider application than we are I 
tempted to think. The crime of] 
MARTIN DOYLE may be almost! 
isolated in its barbarity, but it] 
belongs to a type which is but too] 
familiar. Domestic outrages, only] 
dtKfirigiriahwMo from imir iter in thp ] 
fact that they are not instantly] 
fatal, are constantly coming before] 
magistrates, and we wish we could [ 
fed any certainty that the in-] 
stances in which no prosecutor is] 
forthcoming do not outnumber! 
those which come under the notice ] 
of the public . . . Uneducated per-] 
sons borrow their estimate of gufltj 
very much from the degree of] 
punishment exacted by the law. I 
Many a ruffian who has been in the] 
habit of thrashing his wife or child] 
with more than brutal cruelty] 
would be arrested by the thought] 
that he might have to pay forfeit] 
for it with his life. Nothing but] 
occasional exemplary severity can] 
check a crime the temptations to] 
which are ever present, while the] 
chance of escaping detection is] 
peculiarly great. What is of com- [ 
mon occurrence soon comes to be] 
thought almost venial, and there] 
are some natures in whom the] 
tendency to maltreat all who are 
dependent on them ran only be] 
crushed by an overwhelming fear, ] 

Royal mix-op 

From Professor George Brodde 
Sir, When Lady Elizabeth Bowes- 
Lyon became Duchess of York, 
there was a national competition 
for a new cocktail The com- 
petition was won by foe chief 
cocktail barman of foe Caledonian 
Hotel, Union Terrace. Aberdeen, 
.who, as a tribute to the former 
Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, 
called it “The Smiling Duchess” 
Could we not have a national 
competition for a new cocktail 
named, as a tribute to the Princess 
of Wales, “The Gracious 



12 Lea th sail Road, 

Harrow, Middlesex. 4 






The new challenge 

electronic dealing capability are opening up major 
new opportunities for the Exchange and these 
contribute to a stimulating, fast moving and 
rewarding writing environment 
The goaJ of the newly formed Business 
Development Group, part of Management 
Services, is to work with the operating 

departments to ensure that their systems and 
working methods can meet the chaBenges of the 
co mp et iti ve marketplace. 

Relevant experience 

You wifi have or«3 of the knowing backgrounds: • 

• Business Analysis 

• Computer Systems Analysis. 

• Banking, Accountancy or Law. 

• Internal Audit. 

• Management Consultancy. 

• Operational Research. 

• Corporate or Strategic Planning. 

A high educational standard with a degree in a 
numerate science or business discipline would be 
an advantage. 

Business Areas 

You may have specialist knowledge In one of the 
following areas: 

• Finance. 

• Property Services. 

• Personnel. 

• Securities & Markets, Regulation & 

• Office Automation. 

• Sales & Marketing. 

• Publishing. 

Your role 

Opportunities exist at Analyst and Team Leader 

levels tor cantfidates who can demonstrate 
proven success in their chosen Reid. 

As a key member n a team, you will work on ' 
projects which develop new services, improve 
existing services and provide vital support for 
strategic decision making. 

The prime requirement of the job is the abttty to 
work with people, to analyse complex situations 
and to deyetop and present the case for your 
commercially feasible solutions. 

Excellent fringe benefits include non-cofttrtoutoty 
pension, foee travel and BUPA. 

Please apply with fufl CV to Jennifer Gregson, 

Personnel Manager, The Stock Exchange, OW Broad Street, London EC2N 1HP. 



£23,600 (High Basic + Commission) 


In two years. Contec Systems has become the largest distributor 
of Plessey keysystems in the South East. Their wide product 
range also includes the National Telephone Systems range and 
Contec's own manufactured and BT approved product — 

Within the Contec group, an R & D company and a systems 
maintenance company further contribute towards the success 
of Contec Systems as an independent supplier which has already 
negotiated major contr a cts within the industrial, financial and 
public utility markets. 

Successful candidates (22-35) will be proven achievers, 
preferably with a knowledge of the industry, in capital equipment 
sales. Sales targets are realistic and accompanied by a generous 
commission package, geared to dedicated high-eamers. Other 
benefits include a company car. pension scheme and 20 days 
holiday. Early leaders in sales achievement demonstrating 
managerial abilities will identify excellent career opportunities. 

For further details telephone. Richard Marsh on 0296 62 53 62 or 
write to the following address. 


Market Research Manager 




required for BRITISH ACTORS 
EQUITY. Ukely successful can-, 
didate will be between 30 and 
55 with some Accountancy 
knowledge, practical computer 
and genera] office management 
experience in a small 
organisation, and the ability to 
motivate and lead a London 
based clerical staff. Starting sal- 
ary around £16,000 pa, 
contributory pension scheme, 
five weeks holiday, etc. 

Job Description and 
Application Forms from 
Mrs Anita Saunders, 8 
Harley Street, London, 

Phillips & Drew 

Investment Analysts 

European Company Research 

In line with our continued expansion of international equity 
research, we are seeking to recruit several additional analytical 
staff to broaden our coverage of continental European 
companies. Phillips & Drew enjoys a long-established 
reputation in a variety of investment areas, and now forms part 
of the Union Bank of Switzerland's worldwide securities 

The ideal candidates will have fluency in at least one 
additional language, have specialist industry knowledge in one 
or more industrial sectors, and have an understanding of the 
basic principles of accountancy. We are prepared to consider 
candidates without stock market experience. 

A fully competitive remuneration package will be paid, 
including mortgage subsidy and profit sharing schemes. 

For further information, please contact in the first instance: 

Miss Deborah Harman, 

Secretary to the Staff Committee, 

Phillips & Drew, 

120 Moorgate, London, EC2M 6XP. 


South Coast 

UK and Europe 


Part of an International group and world 
leaders in their field of sophisticated 
electro rues, our clients wish to maintain 
and enhance their market position 
through thedevelopmentof the above 

Reporting to the Sales and Marketing 
Directorand based at the European office 
on the South Coast the candidate 
appointed will be responsible for all 
research and market investigation, 
undertaking in-depth studies across 
markets and product groups. The task will 
necessitate extensive liaison with the 
Group marketing function and other 
senior executives throughout the 

This is no simplistic product comparison 
role, the nature and standard of the 
marker studies necessitate a graduate 
level education, a numerate, analytical, 
computer literate individual with 
substantial market research experience in 
either electronics or pharmaceuticals. 
Candidates must have the stature to make 
a real contribution to overall Marketing 

The rewards for the successful candidate, 
male or female, include the usual 
company benefits and removal assistance 
to this attractive South Coast location. 

Telephone or write to E. P. Larder quoting 
reference number 87/66. 

Simpson Crowden 


Specialists in Executive Search & Selection 
97-99 Park Street London W1Y 3 HA. Telephone 01-629 5909 


wftba 2 years year income stated exceed E25JJ0O 

Fofcwing a succswlul penod ol devEtocmertf. Sdrolac PLC through their 
aubndory Sctndar financial Management are axpanfeg ttnr team o f 
finance comeaos m 1986. 

Since 1804 the name at Sdvoden Ins been synorwmom wife service and 
kroratwn matatanog standards ol ntegrtjr nf pnfcstanisni wtafe haw 
placed fee Sdrodar group at fee tordront at tancai raansoerowL Wwi 
fee IMed Kingdom Sdnden major afeadBries include J flamy Schrader 

QrtuiKSiDons mam dm reownenis a raw otumoubs, tHnnawwi 
Bonn compares (ram Bfa assurance and pension ptasnng to Untie Kino- 
Oom and Ottawa Inrestmart managBraml Schroder Ftanoal Management 
provides an raqpaad and compnlienMe rap) ot financial sendees wtaai 
bitty reflects fee Schrader motion ot excswice. 
tire ideal appbean red be aged 28 u 55 mfe endance o< previous career 
success. If you woi*J 8* tt* ktea ot loemga suxassM new venture with a 
wfl estaMtfKd company in north Union and fee southern home awndes, 
for lufeer dews pteese canted Alan Mobs. 

01-882 8585 

A major 

International Commodity 
Trading Company 
requires an experienced Rice Tteder 

The successM fljpficant nrffl be based in London, must be fluent 
in French and English and have had several years experience 
trading rice. 

An attractive remuneration and fringe benefit package is 

Apply to confidence to BOX H98. 


On-Line Automation applications 

Our client is a major int ern ational organisation and the main contractor on a 
number of large-scale process control and systems automation projects in which 
the emphasis is on developing advanced hardware and software solutions for real- 
time applications. 

The demands of this expanding sector of our client's business have created 
additional opportunities for Team Leaders in the area of software support. 

Thoug h the role requires leadership of a 5 to 15-strong team of Analysts and 
Programmers, the emphasis in each case will be very much on technical skills. 

Applicants should therefore have experience in: 

Real-Time* Data Acquisition and CtanlroLGnmmimicalions or Process Control 
We also need skills in at least some of these areas: 

Antrim atiqn - Automated materials handling/storage systems; detailed design/ 
implementation of control systems; robotics control 

Operating Systems — multi operating systems; integration of software packages. 
Hardware -ability to recommend hardware architecture. 

Although our client's environment, is oriented very much toward systems 
development, there is a considerable amount of operational support Applicants 
should therefore have the interpersonal skills necessary for effective client liaison 
work as well as good analytical abilities, attention to detail, a methodical approach 
and the ability to achieve precisely defined objectives. 

These positions, which are very much stepping stones to Project Management, 
cany generous salaries plus excellent benefits including, where appropriate, 
assistance with relocation expenses. 

For immediate consideration, send yourc-v. to: A R. Ward, Reference CRS 437, 
Lockyec Bradshaw & Wilson Limited, 39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 5LH. 




A member of AddisooConsutiaxicy Group PLC 


Operations Manager 

West End 

Basic + Bonus SL5-18K 

Merrill Lynch Relocation Management is a major subsidiary of the 
worldwide Merrill Lynch organisation and a market leader in the employee 
relocation/executive accommodation business. 

We are looking for an energetic and experienced Operations Manager to 
develop and lead a growing team of young but interested staff. 

This position will carry responsibility for implementing new procedures 
(including computerised reporting) managing a group engaged in the 
acquisition and sales of residential property for major British and American 

If you are a gradja)ite with 6-10 years experience in a sendee industry 
(ideally some of it property- related I. like a fast pace and hard work in a 
dynamic and changing organisation that offers long term potential then please 
send your CV together with daytime telephone number and current salary 
details to Barbara Jenkins, Recruitment Manager. Merrill Lynch Europe 
Limited. 27 Finsbury Square. London. EC2A LAQ. 

Merrill Lynch 


A new Financial Service Group comprising com- 
panies with combined assets of over £600 
millions has sales opportunities in the London 
area for ambitious individuals looking for an 
independant and professional career. We shall 
look for those who can earn over £17,000 pa for 
an on-target performance and can respond to 
training in our product range which includes mort- 
gages, pensions, bonds, personal banking, 
portfolio management and life assurance. 

Applicants should be aged between 27 and 45. 

For interview ring Mr Austin on 01-937 1688 
between 9am and 7.30pm. 




The total 

Group of Co 

i require an 

Load Negotiator wtfe a flood too*[ed£f cflkvdopntfll red Town 

and acqoWng bad and ncgottattngmtSiic punning penntaloo 
teiakSeiidaLtofeatialaiidaniaeKialdevtIapnicaJlBfee» | eo 
of England 

We m a ssbsanfei and wry socceobl prime dnetopeca 


Gwn J.OOO ftacHfep <tom to lfagk bones based h 



AancriBfifeaHficaiiM tadahahteand a pjaimtagqusIHicutai 
■odd be xtaetagrao. Ptaobigappcal wmkwwW b* tevohwt 
ta we are pleased » pay a jcwdialuyfe fee rf^Hpeson. 
Bodte bdode Company at, awfleel auunaee. penstoa 

Wflie bi confidence flvfef dentb ofedwadon. qwUfiafena. 
career end salary m das »» 

The KajjglngDttcte 

Robert HHchtos Bonders limited 
Tic Manat Boddhgtoa. CheHeiham. Qos. GLS1 01] 





To help as pat of a small, friendly team in important 
work mvohnns the acquisition and nan of museum ob- 
jects. Genera] administrative duties milting contact 
with museum staff, record-keeping and typing. 
Applicants should be over 18 and under 55 end haw 
good secretarial stalls- Interest in museums important 
and previous office or administrative experience 

Pay m the range £8.453 - £8.038 aoconSng to age and 

Deeds and application form from: 

The Personnel Officer 
Museums and Gaferiw Commission 
7 St James’s Squaw 
(Telephone: 01*839 9341 J 

Closing defer Wednesday 10 September 1386. 

Market Development 

Longman Carter-mill is creating, managing and marketing a 
nationally important computer database of the research and 
expertise in British universities, polytechnics and government 
research establishments. The database is called "British Expertise 
in Science and Technology" (B.E.S.T.). 

We wish now to appoint further Market Development Executives 
to continue the rapid expansion of the UK market for this 
officially-backed project 

Weil qualified technically, you will probably be aged 25 - 35, have 
a record of achievement and high level experience in the public 
or private sector. 

Reporting to the Director of Marketing you will be prepared to 
travel throughout the UK and have the determination to achieve 
targeted growth. 

In addition to the opportunity to join an expanding company in a 
growth industry you will receive a substantial remuneration 
package, company car and other benefits. 

Contact AT. Shaw, Director of Marketing, Longman Cartermill Ltd, 
Technology Centre, Sl Andrews, Fife kyi 6 9EA. 

Tel : (0334) 77660 

Longman Cartermill ss 


£25,000 p.a. remuneration package + car 

A new organisation is being formed in Milton Keynes as an 
important focus for employment initiatives. 

The organisation known as the Woiverton Employment Project 
(WEP). will concentrate on creating alternative employment 
opportunities for the 1,000 + employees made redundant as a 
result of the restructuring of the British Rail Engineering Ltd 
(BREL) Woiverton Works. WEP is jointly sponsored by BREL, 
Milton Keynes Borough Council and Milton Keynes Develop- 
ment Corporation, with funds allocated to it by BREL to support 
relevant initiatives. 

The sponsoring bodies are now seeking to appoint the director of 
the Project who will be the organisation's mil-lime chief execu- 
tive. reporting to the Board. A contract for up to three years is 
offered to a person with energy, initiative, entrepreneurial skills, a 
good knowledge of business practice and the ability to establish 
fruitful relationships with both public and private sector 

Relevant experience in this field would be an advantage, but 
above all the applicant should be able to demonstrate both com- 
mitment and understanding of the issues involved. 

For application forms and enquiries please contact: 

Mr P. Hawkes 
c/o Manpower Forum 
Sentry House 
500 Avebury Boulevard 
Central Mfiton Keynes MKS 3HF 
Teh 0908 691300 (Milton Keynes Development Corporation) 
Closing date for applications Friday, September 12, 1986. 



For position with Lloyd's and International Marine Insurance 
brokers based EC3 as trainee on technical *»vi marketing side of 
the business. 

We off^-an attractive salaiy, 2 bonuses per annum, £1 per day 
JL.V s. Life Pension and Sickness Mhpmaw and 20 day* holiday in 
full year. 

Applicants with a degree and a willingness to study for A.C.IT. 
examinations in due course should write with brief ‘C.V. and 
giving a day time telephone number to 

Mrs F-A.Irons-Situth, 

Seascope Administration Ltd, 

Woodruffe House. Coopers’s Row, 

London EC3N 2NL. 


‘^ii, • 







., 1 
-i:< ! 


i -i' 


general appointments 

Developing roles In Cambridge and Wldnes! 

whdlJSiSd a *** ****• W are a 



StabSS^^S!! ,9 £ 1wp lrK * v *^tobehctflhesWofihe 

SSSl^aS* tac " 0 " s “ “ 

*** 139,500,101 Wanogef and wortdng wtth cfl 
^ «* **** ooencte vou w9 

PR3wte a cotTTsenonsto tiawno servtaa VbuiiK*prionHe$wBt>eto 

establish li i te gated ftolniog potctes to Include all levels of staff to settot 
rrcxiagemsrearta to imjatemert profession 
and craftsmen. in odcffloa you wi set up inducBoa graduate 
apprsntic» and supervtery trdnlnQ programmes. 

Applicants tor both posfllons mud be degree-quafflted wHh.good 

Ihe Wldnes pod.piacBcal experience of cherrted picrt operations Ina 
managers* or senior Eupen/teocy posJton would be on advantage. 

The salaries are compefflh® and accompanied by a range of benefits, 
inducing relocation assistance where appropriate 

Appfcanfc for Cartridge:' Please write or telephone for crioppteailon 
fern to Mr Alan Srifton, Personnel Manoger. FBC limited Houston, 
' Cambridge CB25HU."fefc 0223 370024 (24-hour answering service). 

Appacards tar Widnes Ptecsewrit e ort ota p h onetoron app te ahon tom. 
to Mr Normal Jackson. Personnel Manage* FBC UmBed Gotsey Lana 
Wdrw, Cheshte W\B ORN. let 051-434 5681. 

Cricket Manager 

■) Perth, Western Australia 

The Western Australian Cricket Association is 
committed to further developing Western Australia as a 
centre of excellence for cricket with a reputation 
acknowledged both nationally and worldwide. To this 
end, emphasis is being focussed on all aspects of the 
development of cricket in Western Australia, and in 
providing services and amenities for members and the 
public atlarge. 

In this nawlv-creaied positioo, you will be 
matters. This will include plaver, coach and umpire 
development, Cricket Council, international ana 
interstate committee related matters; and the 

SS and wrmen^ cricket. ^ 

An onensive knowledge of the game, and a 
recognised standing in the cricket world are 
prime requisites. Representation at national or 

county level is very desirable, but not mandatory. 

A basic management sense is required to ensure 
optimal value is gained from the increasing level of 
expenditure required to develop cricket, as is a practical 
knowledge of media, marketing, promotion ana public 
relations' processes. 

First-class leadership, communication and 
interpersonal skills, and an enthusiastic and vigorous 
approach are necessary. 

The salary is negotiable, however, candidates 
earning less than around A $40, 000 are unlikely to be of 
the cahbre sought. Relocation provided. 

Replies and confidentiality: PA takes its 
obligations to candidates seriously and all 
enquiries will be treated confidentially. Please 
telephone for a preliminary discussion or send 
relevant details, including telephone 
Ref: 67 

numbers, quoting Ref: 671277/TT. 

PA Personnel Services 


Cab fe Lim ^ frCLl a CEC Cobhmhv- » 

nwoDatwa of cable and eal^ 

ReeentJy. wb have secured several major overseas con- 

toffl the foOowing poekaonsaL our Hmd Office m 

Project Managers 
Systems Engineer 
Project Installation Controllers 
Technical S Commercial Executives 
Contractual Administrator 

candidates should have an under- 
— . . oT communications systems 
uKoqwrabng analogue and digital equipment 
They shoukfbe conversant with eurrentCCTIT 
recommendations and, ideally, have experience in 
dealing with major oveneas authorities, as poten- 
tial customers. . 

1 We offer competitive salaries and the benefits as- 
sociated with a major manufitetaring organization. 

” For further details and an appli- 

^ cation fotm, please telephone or' 

write toe 

Mr. JJ*. waits 


lUsaiMHe (HU Hit 


W ' 


Woodstock design and make the finest quality 
hardwood kitchens, bedrooms, furniture and 
interiors. We require another mature and tal- 
ented person with proven experience to meet 
with our discerning clients, plan and detail 
work for manufacture in our WCl workshop, 
and *a k * responsibility for entire projects. Job 
satisfaction and excellent career prospects. 

Telephone 01 833 0404 



A large international company is looking 
for a young person aged 22-30, who is fluent 
in Gentian, and who will have had some 
experience of international trading (preferably 
in meat or other perishable food stuffs). 

After initial training they will be posted to 
an office in Northern Europe, and will be 
involved in the sales/trading of meat, by pro- 
ducts and other food stuffs. 

Please write giving full details of qualifica- 
tions, experience and present salary to:-' 

Box No. (T) MOM 06,. 

The McCann Consultancy, 

Hazlitt House, 4 Bouverie Street 
London EC4Y 8AB 


C. £16,000 - car 

We want io recruit a cwnmeroallwra^ 
who could effectively manage cwr lar^ s^te modem 
laundry in the East Midlands working v^ateamoj 
experienced departmental managers. The successful 
applicant will probaWy be In the m ^* 30 sand^ve 
worked in a processing environment, not necessarily a 

laU Thepnmary tasks will be wmainraina steady^ 

m order to expand business volumes and devetop.our 

” Safety cf f telobo. 2 litre car. Other benefits and re- 

l0 ^li5s®»!S W and other commeraalrnanaqe- 
mSrtpcstions. should wme.explaining why they 
should be considered, to GghamCog 

S tum At Initial services, 

wvme l"W House. 

TEXTILE t50 field End Road 

SERVICES East rote. Middx HA5 1 SO 


k vou are a Senior Executive and 

abort your career prosP 8 ^ 5 °T t ^l?lSJ? n L2[ 

SEamim on a guaranteed basis. • 
Tetephone 01-631 1110 or write for further details. 

iaecutiue Action 

37 Queen Anne Street-, LondonWiM 9 — 










c.£25K + Car S. England 

Our client is a major national organisation with muld- 
million assets dedicated to the service of the UK property 
market Well established and enjoying a successful track 
. record. the Organisation has recently created an exciting 
career opportunity for a Management Services 
professional to take responsibility for the co-ordination/ 
rationalisation of existing services and the development of 
computer based technology. 

The ideal candidate wiD be> 

• Professionally qualified. 

• Experienced in Management Services within a large 
organisation environment 

•. Conversant with computer technology and O&M 

ordinate management services and to contribute to present. 

• and future operational policies. Vou will need to be an" *■ 

- enthusiastic aind natural leaderwrth presence, drive and 
excellent cXHijmtmicatibn skills. TTiecompanybenefits 
for thesiireessM canElidate wflfbe in line with a major 
organisation. --- ’ 

: For aniititial and confidential discussion^ jdease 
1^. call Bob Arcfcribold onNewbury (0635) 33445 
quoting reference M/386/T, 
or write in strict confidence to> 


;C House, 11- 13 The Broadway, 
Newbury, Berkshire RC 13 IAS. 
Tek Newbury (0635) 33445. 


New Business Managers 

To be located in London & BirminglMm 

Credit Factoring tntanutional Ltd, based In Middtasax, is the UK markBt (enter In 
tfta fast (pawing factoring Industry and sendees cfientB in lbs UK, Europe and 
North America. 

Wb are expanding our spedafist marketing team In the UK and therefore seek Naw 
Business Managers whose nreponstoiNties wU Induda tf» kJartification and 
assessment of potential dlant companies and the successful negotiation of new 
business. The woikirwofres considerable pereonaJraaponsibffity and requbes . 
entraprenurial Halt NagoBettonsentaa meeting with a wide variety of people, very 
often at board level 

Candidtfesshoufd have several years commercial experience In a eeUng/meriasUng 
enviipnmenL A knowledge of toctoring or retettd actMfles such as corporate financei 
credit Insurance and management 'mtormation systems would be helpful. Candidates 
should havea mhnlmiiin of2 K levels and MsaNy a professional qualification and 
should be in the age range «-35. 

Wte otter attractive starting salaries and a generous range of benefits commensurate 

Applications, from man and women, giving fuH details of career todateinckicfinQ 
current salary, wifi be treated hi strict confidence and should be addressed to: 

Hr* I M Evans Personnel Manager 
Credit Faitotog international Ltd 

Smith House PO Bax SO Elmwood Avenue Ffcttham Middlesex TW37QDL 

Credit Factoring 
* A International 

A member of the National Westminster Bank Group 


Requires Executive fpr marketing/servicing clients In 

the Yemen. 

We are looking for 

a) A matured person expected to be over 35 

b) Minimum 5 years working experience In the 
Middle East (preferably Yemen) with a 
recognised financial Institution. 

c) Preference to candidates who had some 
training in either Europe and/or U.S.A 

d) Salary will be commensurate with 
* experience. 

Attractive fringe benefits. 

Apply to BOX A18 


For years many of us have been in vetoed in the day to 
day necessities of fiving that we have given little thought 
to how we migjn enhance our careers. 

We are just too busy worsting to make the time to find 
our true vocation, this is a paradox which usuafly 
results in a feeling of wanting to change but not 
knowing how to go about ft. 

Chusid Lander can change afl that . 

We are a group of specialist career 
consultants whose sole function is to guide it* 
experienced executives l&te you to achieve your 
personal and financial ambitions. 

We guarantee that we win commit our time 
and effort until you are satisfied that your career 
objectives have been realised 

For thirty years we have been striving for the best 

Now itS your turn! 

Telephone us to arrange a confidential personal 
assessment without obflgation. or write to 
The Administrator Ref. B/B/l 
35/3 7 Fitzroy Street. London W1P 5AE 

LONDON 01-580 6771 

BIRMINGHAM 021-643 8102 
BRISTOL 0272 22367 

MANCHESTER 061-2280089 
NOTTINGHAM 094937911 
GLASGOW 041-3321502 
BELFAST 0232621824 


Computer Sales Consultants 

London HQ, c£38k Package + Car+ Stock Options 

Our client is a public company and the 
leading supplier of computer systems to che 
accountancy profession with Over* MOO 
■multi-user installations and a rapidly . 
growing client base in the commercial 
financial sectors. Many of their clients are 
currently upgrading to the company’s new 
generation of Unix based systems. 

1b meet this increasing demand, the 
.sales team for the South East is set to 
expand and the need is for mature sales 
executives to develop both new and ■ 



a— ■■■■ 1 Associates 

existing business within the profession and 
’assixiaceJ markets. A background in 
accountancy is essential, as is ac least two 
years' experience in sales or in running your 
own business. 

You will have the confidence and 
personal credibility to work at senior level, 
and will be looking for a professional 
environment in which your career and 
talents can flourish. 

lb apply, please telephone or write to 
Brian Burgess quoting Ref: CM 050. 

Search and Selection 

l&OiMe* Bond Sneer London wi Y OhA 
laepnone 0t-0O8 16/0. 

Are you earning £20.000— £100,000 p.a. 
and seeking a new job? 

Connaught's discreet and successful Execu- 
tive Marketing Programme provides profes- 
sional excellence in helping you to identify 
those unadvertised vacancies. 

Contact us for a free and confidential 
meeting to assess if we can help you. If you 
are currently abroad ask for our Executive 
Expat Service.. 

Telephone: 01-734 3879 124 hours) 


32Savile Row; London. WI 
ifhe Executive Job Search Profeaslonals^rel 

Reading advertising agency* 

[media assistants! 

unique opportunity to start a career in an excit-re 
■tog demanding business. ■ 

(Successful candidates, aged between 18 and 25 J 

I wS have every opportunity, through working with. 

a media executive in an i n tegr a ted media pan-fl 
■ning and buying system, to Team and develops 
Antral a stimulating, challenging environment ■ 

should Ideally be educated to 'Afl 


Are you eager for success? 

Are you available now? 

As a result of our continued growth we require several 
MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS to maintain our development 
Could you be one of them? 

You must be highly motivated with an appetite for achievement 
Your successful track record will show that you are thoroughly 
experienced in the business to business area and capable of 

K em solving for small and medium sized companies, be they 
cial, commercial or manufacturing. 

You will receive comprehensive training and the back-up 
necessary. A first rate remuneration package commensurate with 
effort is offered. 

If this is your sort of challenge and you 
would like to join our expanding team, 
please send complete career details to Mark 
Quinary, Ref: tt , Independent Consulting 
and Management Company Ltd., Rawplug 
House, 147 London Road, Kingston-upon- 
Thames, Surrey KT2 6NR. 

1/ degree, be hardworking, comfortable work-^ 
with figures, capable of working wttnoutfl 
jifect supervision, ambitious and competitive Inre 
Mture. ■ 

should write, enclosing a curriculum! 
i, briefly saying why they believe they should, 
considered for the vacancy to: ■ 

Lh m SPi liVBF JKfii ■ mX 

A change of direction 

If your cuter is at a dead end and you are considering a 
dnoge of direction this could be tbe opportunity you 
are looking fee. 

Opportunities exist for self assured people with ability 
ux) business acumen to train fpr a career within the 
financial services industry. 

Exdtiog opportunities for personal success and career 
devdoooicut ere United with exceOent training and ihe 
prospect of a very high income. 

Without obljgauofi, find out 
about our direction. 

Please phene Keith Past on ALLIED 

...T3isSa-*-- DUNBAR 

(Loadoi tad 
Home Gmatib oafy) 

We are em 


Applications are 
1 status, ethnic origin 



Sutdifle Speakman PLC. a leading manufacturer of activated carbons, has a require- 
ment for an EXPORT SALES EXECUTIVE with a oroven track record Of successful 
per f ormance in the sale and trading of speciality chemicals or assneiatori products 
overseas, particularly in Europe. Middle East and Africa. 

The successful candidate will be aged 25-35. have a working knowledge of French or 
German, be qualified to degree level m Chemistry or Chemical Engineering and be 
prepared to travel extensively. 

An attractive remuneration package will be offered reialed to the levd of experience. 
Write enclosing your CV to: 

She3a Pairkorst Sotdiffe Speaknas PLC 
Guest Street. Leigh. Lancashire. WN7 2HE. 




n auxin » to w 

«»««!» UsOnl 
iltma [SMn> nuwagu 00 DM) 
"4 IK Bfl (Honan*, W owkb 
men am# im ( Ww tBL FW 


^ .WrodK, 

I OlflMfBH EllflUH. 


25 & 26 





The Princess of Wales will visit 
Castlebcrg Hospital for the 
Mentally Handicapped. 
Giggleswick. North Yorkshire, 
and the Grcenfoot Residential 
Home and Day Centre for Old 
People. 30 Lower Grecnfoou 
Settle. North Yorkshire, on 
September 25. 

Princess Anne will visit Western 
Australia for the closing stages 
of the America’s Cup in Feb- 
ruary 1987 . 


Latest appointments include: 

Mr Donald Spiers to be the Hist 
Head of Profession of the De- 
fence Engineering Service from 
August 27. He will continue in 
his current post as Deputy 
Comroller Aircraft at the Min- 
istry of Defence. 

Mr' Robert OIney and Mr Kerin 
Guineas to be members of the 
Prescription Pricing Authority 



Mr T.C Brown 
and Lady Vanessa Pelham 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy Colin, only 
son of Mr and Mrs Peter Brown, 
of Croft House. Siaveley-in- 
Cartmel. Cumbria, and Vanessa 
Petroncl. youngest daughter of 
the Earl' and Countess of 

Mr JJJ.Edgefl 
and Miss J.M. Cripps 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy James, only son 
of Mr and Mrs John Edgell, of 
Hove. Sussex, and Jane Mar- 
garet. only daughter of the late 
Mr David Cripps, of Hatfield 
Park. Hertforshire. and Mrs 
I.M. Cripps. of Cranley Gar- 
dens, London. 

Mr C-AJS. Hilton 
and Miss V5. Norman 
The engagement is announced 
between Give, only son of Mr 
and Mrs T. Hilton, of Pwllheli. 
Gwynedd, and Virginia, third 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J.A.H- 
Norman. of Chester. Cheshire. 

Mr M.W. Hilton 
and Miss C. Cana van , 

The engagement is announced 
between Mark, cider son of Mr 
and Mrs P.E. Hilton, of Ripley. 
North Yorkshire, and Catha- 
rine, daughter of Mr and Mrs G. 
Canavan, of Ripon, North 

Mr S.C.W. Howes 
and Miss S.M.V. Cox 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, second son of 
the late Rear Admiral Peter 
Howes and of Mrs Howes, of 
Sutton Parva Cottage, 
Heyicsbury, Wiltshire, and 
Sara, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Alan Cox. of The Mount, 
Winchclsea. East Sussex. 

Gieneagles sale 
totals £1.1 m 

Two paintings by Edward 
Atkinson Hornell. the Glasgow 
artist, sold for £ 22,000 each at 
Sotheby's sale of Scottish and 
sporting paintings, drawings 
and watercolours at Gieneagles 
Hotel. Perthshire, on Tuesday. 

“A Springtime Rondelay ". 1 
1910. and “Three Girls 
Amongst Apple Blossom". 
1925. both sold for more than 
expected to different private 
buyers. The sale realized 
£590.898. making the total for 
the two-day sale £1,124.893. 

Close finish in 
bridge contest 

The championship teams event 
in the London Festival of Bridge 
at the weekend produced an 
exciting finish when V. 
Gaskelfs team . finished two 
points ahead of the two teams 
which tied for second place. 


cnampionshlp team: 1. V Ca sjtgB. 
R Lawrence. A Lee. I Boikl score 181: 
equal 2. D Paneraon. N Row. A 
Rookc. J SJuaywan. sco re 179 : T 
Aiiwonii. J Ham. I fegaily. N 

Latest wills Mwich College 

left A reunion of ° ld AUeytuans will 

2SEaJSHB3R£“ » c °”y n 

„,_ r valued at ‘955 are warmly invited to 

attend. Full details of the 
Mr HanvfiMne GanL of arrangements for the day may 
D^bJfJ^EsSTlift SSm «S- be obtained from the master’s 

761 net. 

be obtained from the master’s 

Mr M-W.T. Jaga ' Mflr riftp ftS 

and Miss CS. Essame 

The engagement is announced Mr RJ>. SdhiWjM’ 
between Mark, younger son of and Mrs J.C. Mann 
Mr and Mrs Anthony Jago. of 3 The marriage took place quietly 
Meadow Close. Moulsford. in London on Aigust 27, be- 
WallingfordL Oxfordshire, and tween Mr Richard Schuster, son 
Caroline, dder daughter of Dr of the late Major J-B. Schuster 
and Mrs Robin Essame. of and the Honors J-B. Schuster, 


’ 4' 4 >-:4v 5 4;* Vw ' 



Expert investigator of 
aircraft accidents 

, cv v„mr.n In 1937. Brown became 
Air Commodore Si ' ™ Chjef inspector of Accidents 

Brown, CB. OBE, cnea gl lhe Air Ministry, a post he 

August - 6 - at the agg< of 9 - hdd unli , 1945 when he 

had a long career rm ® ,S J|L transferred to the Ministry of 
and made a ^jor coni c j v j| Aviation. With his cs- 

aeridem iiivKU^iion asThwf 

*- r ,. ovCTihe . nvK _ 


■<^ r - ■' ^->4 Z&K -*V' 

mi* Hi 3 « 

tween 1 937 and 1 952, first at ^JjJJisided ove r the inves- 
the Air Ministry a* final - - Qns of 7,439 aircraft acci- 
iheMimsuYofGtnl Avwtion. of wh|ch 352 wrc in # - 

Vernon Brown was bom a. ^ aviat j on> Among them 
Blackheath. London. on Janu cras h in July. 1 943. in 

W 10 . 1889, «»j educa.|d a ^ e G c OTcral wbW Si- 

Blackheath School, tasi koRkj was kilIed & ^ uber- 
bourne College. "JJLJSJ ator in which he was travelling 
Co, fe ?^ n< f in look off from Gibraltar. TJ. 

and Mrs Robin Essame. 
OakraounL Honiton, Devon. 

Mr S.M. Jcwkes Bartiam. 

and Miss K- SoOrraa Mr CJP. Dixon 

The engagement is announced ^ jvtises GS. Powell 
between Stephen, younger son 7 ^. ntarriage took 

and Mrs Jennifer Mann, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mis D.G.W. 

Mr C-P. Dixon 

between Mepnen, younger sou jhe marriage took place on 
of Mr and Mrs G.W. Jewkes, of Saturday, August 16, 1986, at St 
Stanley. Falkland Islands, and gimon Zc lores, Milner Street, 
Kate, daughter of Mr and Mrs between Mr Charles Dixon, son 
R. Sullivan, of Newburyport. of Mrs Donald Dixon, 

Arohltect Mr Martin Whitworth with the statue of St Edmund fattte abbey grounds at Bury 
St Edmunds (Photograph: Ros Drinkwaler). 

Town to decide on future 
of its abbey ruins 

Massachusetts, United States. 

Mr H JL Uoyd-WnHams 
and Miss KJL. Minckier 
The engagement is announced 
between Hugh Roderick, youn- 
ger son of Mr and Mrs A Lloyd- 
Williams, of Bedford, and 

of The Manor, Carthorpe, 
Bedale, and Miss Dare PoweU, 
daughter of Major and Mis 
David PoweU, of the Red Cot- 
tage, Finchampstead. The Rev 
John Falconer officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 

Kathryn Anne, elder daughter of mended by Emily and Clare 
Mr and Mrs R-A. Minckier, of Tregoning. Mr Henry Dixon 
Pacific Palisades, California. best tnan- 

M J-Y.C. Mlgeot ck^k -4 

and Miss ILL. Armitage and Miss M.A. Shepherd 

The engagement is announced The mamage took place on 
betweenJean-Yves. elder son of Saturday. August 23. at St 
the late M R. Migeot and of Columbia s. Hgin. Moray, be- 
Mme MicoeL of Wlescnre. St tween Mr Julian Steele, son of 
Raphael France, and Katherine ^ ^ St ^fli 0f 

Lucy, elder daughter of Mr RJ. 0 ^ lrs _y ^I y 

Armitage and the late Mrs and Miss Ann Sh^herd, daiwh- 
Armitage, of 26 Broomhouse Wr of Mr and Mrs Marshall 

Road, London. SW 6 . 

Dr JS. Millar 

and Miss GJVL Pnlsford 


The bride, who was given m 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Lady Clare and 

The ancient town of Bury St Edmunds m 
Suffolk will this autumn put years of 
indecision behind it and decide what to do 
about redeveloping its abbey rums and 
associated buildings. 

Bury Town Trust is to put various 
development options to St Edmundsbury 
Borough Council by early November. The 
trust is particularly concerned about the 
abbey’s Romanesque west front originally one 
of the best in Europe, and the Georgian and 
Victorian houses buili into its walls. 

Arguments over whether to preserve the 
houses or “unpick” them to expose the 12 th 
century ruins is one reason why delays have 
hindered development of a strategy for the 

The trust recently called a public meeting at 
Bury’s Athenaeum assembly hall, where Mr 
Martin Whitworth, lhe consultant architect, 
presented three plans for the abbey, plus three 

peripheral ones. It believes basic repairs would 
cost some £500,000. 

The main schemes would either retain most 
abbey buildings as fiats or houses, or go for 
combinations of residential use, plus heritage, 
conference, craft workshop and educational 
facilities. One proposal is for a glass-roofed or 
open air theatre in the nave. 

The borough council recently sold a 
commercial site to J. Sainsbuiy’s for some £3.5 
million, and the coucnil’s chief executive, Mr 
Richard Toft, confirmed it would use the 
interest for conservation projects, with the 
abbey as prime target 

He said that if the council decided the town 
trust schemes were not suitable, it would 
implement its own, concentrating on “slop- 
ping the rot”. He added: “I want someone to 
do something, and do it quickly” . Those 
concerned hope work can start next spring. 

The engagement is announced Lady Mary Kerr, Miss Charlotte 
between John, son of Mr and Gordon Lenirox, Miss Joanna 

Mrs JS. Millar. of Milngavie 
Glasgow, and Georgina, daugb 
ter of Mr and Mrs J~B. Pulsford 
of Feckenham. Worcestershire. 

MrDJL Prowse 
and C a r** iw GJVL Gibson 
The engagement is announced 
between Dennis Prowse, 

[ilngavie, Thyne, William Alabaster, 
a, daugb- Johnny Jackson. William Thyne 
Pulsford, and Alasdair Jeffrey. Mr 
aershire. Thomas Lighton was best man. 

A reception was held at 
Orbliston and the honeymoon 
son will be spent abroad, 
inounced „ 

Prowse. Dr DJL Yarrow . . 

* I University news 

REME. eldest son of Mr and and Mis fcLN. Langstmie 
Mrs B R. Prowse, of Plymouth. • The marriage took (dace on 

v*™ Tu^TwreEJ Kippington Church. Sevenoaks, 

8 ST of M GrSl “Mi 


The Duke of Argyll, 49; Sir 
Kenneth BerriU, 66 ; Sir R^lph 
Kilner Brown, 77; Sir Cecil 
Clothier, QC 67; Lord Cudlipp, 
73; Mr Arthur Dunkel 54; Sir 
Rupert Hart-Da vis, 79; Sir God- 
frey Hounsfidd, 67; General Sir 
William Jackson. 69; Miss Lyn 
Kennedy, 91; Professor Sir John 
Kingman, 47; Dr Joseph Luns, 
75: Air Chief Marshal Sir. Nigel 
Maynard, 65; Miss Elain Melior. 
43; Sir Thomas Scrivenor, 78; 
Sir Peter Thornton, 69; Dr 
Roger. Williams. 55. 

Cambridge . 

The following elections and 
awards have been made: 

ter oae ggnJ 
C Andrade (Povnen: J E Ba™» 
AWMipre A 14 A Duodale (TyamK 1- 
M*JOTWns (parky. G F A Lai (BwHnd): 
J E Llvaey (pbtW. 

Prizes _ „ „ 

pomwt A Broxunon Mugrt; c A 
. McHugh (englnwrlnfl). W ‘ 
Munro ^veterinary J 


Shaw. GaodtUffI memorial BtesFJ 
rafr- N J Heath Daphne OwM 
Howled prize; E M AUdns. Ctuighje 
Keith prize: E N 
Marshui prize: KJ Gardner. 
Mitchell prize; J Kelly. IM MottprtZK 
M F Turner: J Hart. _ 

Whddaic Onslow prize: J E DoiiwBf. 
Helena PowaJl prize: T» JaCtoon. 
Eleanor Piinlle jirtze: A M A RIH- 
Wtnuun Howe. Reynolds orh»: A J 
Robson. Hilda Rtdbardsoo p rize: J A 
Hepworth. porMhy Foster Sturman 

bourne College. and .J“JJf 
College, Cambridge, where ne 
graduated with a degree tn 

engineering in 1910. 

From Cambridge he first 
worked as an engineer in the 
gas industry. With ^ out- 
break of the First Worid War, 
however, he learned to fly at 
his own expense . at 
BrookJands, and then joined 
the Royal Flying Corps. 

In June. 1916. Brown - 
“VB” to all his friends - went 
to France with No 70 Squad- 
ron, RFC, armed with 
Sopwiih t^-Strutter two-seat 

reconnaissance-bombers, and 

was engaged in fighung and 
escort duties during the Battle 
of the Somme. The following 
month the squadron was the 
first to be reequipped wi th the 
Sopwiih Camel single-seat 

Two months later. Brown 
was transferred to No 19 
Squadron, the first British unit 
to use the French Spad single- 
seat fighter, with which it 
specialized in low-flying at- 
tacks against troops and aero- 
dromes. For this work, he was 
awarded the Croix de Guerre. 

In November, 1917, he was 
appointed to the technical 
department of the then Air 
Board for test flying of new 
aircraft. At the end of the war 
he was posted to the Instru- 
ment Design Establishment at 
Biggin HfiL and the following 
year granted a permanent 
commission in the RAF as a 
squadron leader. 

After service in Egypt and 
Iraq, he returned to England 
in 1926 in command of RAF 

upavou, Uic uiv 

Centra] Flying SchooL From 
there he moved to the enjoy- 
able task of chief instructor to 
the Cambridge University Air 
Squadron - a popular appoint- 
ment, which he held from 
1928 to 1931. NexL he took 

became something of a politi- 
cal cause celebre. 

He also investigated the loss 
of Air Marshal Sir Peter 
Drummond and Mr H. A. 
Jones of the Air Ministry off 
the .Azores in March. 1945. in 
Churchill’s Liberator 
“Commando”, and the senes 
of accidents to the Tudor IV 
aircraft in 1948-49. 

He saw it as his task simply V 
to get at the fects. and he went 
about this with efficiency and 
thoroughness. Brown himself 
would ask the questions, tak- 
ing care 10 let all interested 
parties have their say, before 
retiring to deliberate in private 
and write his report. Often 
faced with nothing but twist- 
ed, burned-out meiaL he h 3 d 
particular regard not only for 
the technical aspects of crash- 
es but also for the human 
tragedies involved. 

After his retirement, at his 
own request from the Minis- 
try of Civil Aviation in 1952, 
he joined the Graviner Manu- w 
factoring Company (special- 
ists in fire fighting equipment) 
as technical adviser, joining 
the board as chief engineer in 
1954. and retiring 25 years 

During his later years he 
took a close interest in the 
work of the Society of Li- 
censed Aircraft Engineers and 
Technicians, of which he was 
elected patron, a position he 
held until his death. 

Brown was a courteous man 
who look great interest in his 

.. « _ _i« 

oldest graduate of Jesus, for •"’! 
which he retained much affec- 
tion, attending many re- 
unions over the years. 

He was twice married; first, 
in 1914, to Constance Mary 
Duckham, by whom he had 

thelong eni^neering course at one daughter. She dig in 
Henlow, after which he was 1967. His second wife. Sheda 
posted to the Directorate of Rjgty* wh 5 >ra J. e m med ,n 
Training at the Air Ministry. 1971, survives him. 

MR M. C. G. MAN 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

D*8by: J M E W M an i a nii: SFtegow: C 


Johnstone E 

Robb: A E Walker. Travelling sctwlar- 

DrPeter F. Linington, head of 
senior KjtMianjNgs n.-num. f the joint network team and 
MarvEwart network executive at the 
Rutherford . Appleton Ub- 

RncUow; D Shurneabottom. 

second nication from January I. 

The title and status oUfeor 
Khan. PhllHi® FawciM acholarshtoj* _r ^ j) lo Iogy has been COn- 

fcnS on DrKeith Gull, reader 
Prizes in cell biology in the university s 

biological laboratory. 

Science report 

Instant translation 
computer for EEC 

By a Special Correspondent 
The Earopean Economic 

£4 a line + 15% VAT 

[minimum 3 lines) 

Announcements, aulhomcued by lhe 
name and permanent address of the 
sender, may he soil U>: 

P0 BOX 484 
Vnflfiria Street 
Loudon El 9XS 

,*r Kieohuned lh\ idc phone tubs- 
nh-n only) u». Bl-sai 302* 

Announcements can be received by 
ickrlKine town and 

>_tnpm Monday in Friday, on Satur- 
day between V.fttam and 12 noon. 

S 11-4(1 4000 arty). For publication the 
itkiKinc day by I .Wpm. 

rie on ("nun and Social Page » ■ Oh 
* ISA. VAT. 

Court and Social Pap; annoncemenu 
ran ~4 be acwpjcd b» iclcphonc. 
Enoumn in 81-822 9953 
(alio m Miami, or send in: 

1 Pontegtea Sbwt terete* El TOL 

Plea re allo» ai lean *8 hours before 

RICHARDSON - On AU9At 3601. to I 
Ann (n^e GoodstUpi wtfe of Alan, a i 
daughter. Sarah Aim- 

RtDOCLL - On August M to 
Rosamund me* Grace) and NlaB. a | 
son Rory. 

RMOmON - On August 20dL at 
Southmcad HoapUaL Bristol, to 
Stephen and Jane (irfe GaBoway) a 
son. Andrew John. 

SAMUXt - On August 2401. at Kings- 
ton to Zlggy and Chrraopber. a 
daughter. Charley Alexandra. 

SEWELL On August 2lst at BMH 
Munster. io Julia and David a son. 

. On August 200 l at Queen 
Charlene's, lo Jan uwe Pepiow) »d 
Rodney, a son. Marcus Edward. 



- The mamage look place on 
Saturday August 23rd. 1986. In SI 
Margaret's Church. Corse, between 
Mr James Btenklnsop. son of Mr and 
Mrs J Btenklnsop of New MU Ion 
Hampshire. and Miss Anne 
Galloway daughter of Mrs B 
Galloway of Corse OM Vicarage. 
Hartpury. Ctostershm*. 

gust 2nd. 1986. at SI StdwetTS 
Church. Exeter. Devon. Robert - 
Shelle y lo Carolyn Stewan-fTy. 



ASTON On August 20th. lo Carolyn 
inn- Young i and John, a son. David 

KOOOOO On August 2«ui. lo Rosalie 
inre Dunkjpi and Irwin, a daughter. 
Suunna Ruih 

CHEETNAM On 27ih August al Queen 
Chartotle's Hospital to Nikki inee 
Rpndain and Simon, a daughter, 
rsiarfottr Victoria. 

COOMBS On August 23rd. al The 
Jonn RadcIHIe HospiUI- w Alison 
uwv Janies) and Robert, a son. 
Wiltiam Rohm. 

CUSACK. On 2SUi August, lo Jane 
into- Parry ■Williams) and Dermot. a 
daughter. Flora Jenmlcr Lucy 
de LOnWHERE - On August 2-Uh. lo 
Calhenne and NKholas. a son. 
DOMUN - On August 26th. al The 
Prlncrss Mary Maternity Home. 
Newcastle, lo Victoria inw Webber) 
and Chrtsiaoher. a daughter. Kate. 
DOWNEY On August 27th lo Natalie 
i now Mobtntli and Richard Mabbm. 
a son Nicholas, al The Royal 
Women's Hospital. Paddington. 

FARLEY • On 26th August, at St 
Luke's. Guildford. u> Marouene and 
Roan a daughter. Roxarte 
Margarrtha Olivia. 

FISHER - On August 6th. at Queen 
ChanoWs Hospital. Co Alteon \nt* 
Creert and Andrew, a daughter. 
Hornet. With sery grateful thanks lo 
everyone al Queen Charlotte's and 
Great Ormond Street Hospitals. 
FORD on 25lh AugusL al Pembury 
Hosplial. io Margaret (nee 
Aiienborotigh) and Russell, a MB. 
Robert Matthew. DC. 

GOMAN Oh 22nd August 1986. lo 
June and Mark, a daughter. Lucy 

■usTINCS-HASS - On 26th August, at 
Queen OiarkBle's Hosplial. to Sophie 
(nee Scartsbrlck) and John, a 

HUTCWMS- On 17th August to Annte 
and Christopher a son. Robert 
James, brother to RtiUMppa. 
HIARMMN - On August 21st 1986. to 
Gall inee witsoni and Charlie, ai 
PUtecnc. Fyfe. a son. John Danln- 
MASTERS - On August 22nd. to 
vonnry fnee LoveHiano Jonathon, a 
daughter. Laura Francesca. 

MATHER On August 1 6 th to Fiona 
mce LMdocrteri and Martin, a 
djughicr Ottela Margot 
PARDOC On August 25th. to Chartcs 
and Jane Pardoe. a son Harry. 
POMKMTER On 9th August 1986. to 
Karen inee Plckersgill) and Duncan, 
a daughirr Laura Dawn. 

POWNAU. on Auqusl 2isi 1986 al St. 
George's. London lo Philippa inee 
Souarey) and Nicholas a daughter. 

BR ECSWOCH ■ On August 25th. » 
merciful release after a long Ulness. 
Dome with great courage and forti- 
tude. Maurice iBrecki devoted and 
dearly loved husband of Sonia, and 
most adored father of Jeremy and 
Belinda, he win be greatly missed. 
Funeral Smice win be held at St 
Peter's. Lynchmere. on Tuesday. 
2nd September al 1 1 Mam followd 
by private cremation. Family flowers 
only, but donations. If desired to. 
Chest Heart and Stroke Association. 
Tavistock House North. Tavistock 
Square. WC1H 9JE. 

BROMLEY - Al home at Inveresk 
Village. Musselburgh, on Saturday. 
23rd August. 1906. Elizabeth Manor 
Bromley, beloved wife of the late 
George Herbert Bromley and mother 
of Marianne. John and Jane. Sovxe 
at Warrtston Crematorium. Ctotster | 
Chapel. Edinburgh, on Friday. 29th 
August, al li.iGam. Family Rowers j 
only pierne. 

BROWN ■ On August 26Uu to the tele 
of Wight. Air Commodore Sir 
Vernon Brown. <XB.. OLE. beloved 
husband of Sheila and father of 
Julia Cremation private. Memorial 
Service to be arr a nged later. 

BRUCE On August 2Stti 1986. Edward 
Macaulay, aged 78 soars, peacefully 
ai home, after a long Illness, bravely 
borne Much loved husband of Eli- 
nor. ami loving Lai her of Elizabeth 
and David, and grandfather of Niels. 
Jan. Jamie, and Rebecca Funeral at 
St Marys Church. Bfbury. Nr 
Ctrmrnur. Ooun on Saturday Au- 
gust SOUt at 2 30 pm. Any enguirm 
lo Packer A Slade iF.DJ. Cirencester 
<0265 1 3529 

CATZCFLIS ■ Peacefully after a short 
Illness on 26th AugusL 1986. Srene 
inee Lempfckai. Funeral Service at 
New Southgate Crematorium. 
Brunswick Park. Nil. Friday. 29th 
AugusL at ll am. 

GHEYME On Augosi ?3nL suddenly al 
home In Brussels. Robert John 
Duncan Ltddle Cheyne. also of 
Studio Cottage. Potruan. Cornwall. 
Beloved husband of Elizabeth and 
dear father of Sandra. Sallyann and 
Suzanne. Funeral In Bru«*te on 
Thursday August 28». 

CmfCHElt On £6Ui August peacefully 
in SI Catherines Hospice. OawteF- 
Sussex Francis George CSC (former 
Qitef Inspector of ItumigraHon) aged 
76 years, dearly loved bnttter of 
Charm and Robert and lhe late 
Joyce and Joan and a loving unde 
and Croat Unde. Funeral service on 
Friday 5th September al Holy Trin- 
ity Church. CuckfleM. Sussex at 
2.30pm. Ail enquiries lo J & R Mat- 
thews. CuckfleM. Tel; 0*w 41306S. 
DENHAM - On August 24th. 1966. in 
hospiiaL John Hartley, aged 7S years 
of ugnirtiffr. Halifax. West Yorks, 
lhe dearly loved husband of 
Kathleen, dear father of Adrian and 
Gillian and a much tov«d grandpa. 
Service at 9 John's Church. Wariey. 
Halifax, on Friday August 29rh at 
I pm. followed by private toiermenL 
Family flowers only please, dona- 
tions if Geared, to Overgate Hospice. 
30 Hullen Edge Rd. ESand. West 

EDWARDS - On August 22nd. peace- 
fully al Ms home. Dench vicarage 
Bomgocb. Aberystwyth. Johan 
Robert. Private funeraL bo flowers, 
donations tai lieu to The Samaritans. 
FRANEY Lisa <n4e Dawn RosU Ozouf 
In Jersey) beloved wife of Captain 
John E. Franey D.F.C. (British Air 
ways RU) al her home In Menorca 
tm July 10th- 

HARVEV - On August CTth. In 
BromeM HospiiaL Dr Claude C 
Harvey. SJVLO-DKSS retired, be- 
loved husband of Joan and loving 
father of Timothy. Ruth and John 
and much loved grandfather of Mh 
chart. Sophia and Camilla- Requiem 
Mass, at 10am Tuesday. September 
2nd. al St Edmond's. Beckenham. 
Family flowers only, donations if de- 
sired lo The Kings Medical Research 
TTuSL Kings College HospUaL SES. 
HAWKINS On ZSth August 1986. 
Henry Finch Crow* of Church 
Close. Caslie Cary. Somerset aged 85 
years. The dearest husband of Win. 
Funeral Service at Yeovil crematori- 
um on Monday September 1st at 
2pm. No flowers please by requesL 
HOLE - Charles Edward Peter <m 
August 22nd. Beloved father of 
Anne, laving brother of Donna and 
husband of Barbara at SaUsbury In- 
firmary. Cremation at Salisbury 
crematorium on Friday 29th August 
at 3.46 pm. No flowers but donattons 
welcomed to the mured Jockeys 
Fund. Newmarket. 

HOWE On 23rd August 1986. sudden- 
' ty during an emergency heart 
oper at ion- Cecil Reginald Howe 
O BL. dearly beloved father of 
■ John. Anna and Jane, adored grand- 
father of Rosamond. Darden*. 
Louise. Matthrw. Natalie and 
Fr ances . 

HUNTER - On August 21st 1996. sud- 
denly, croup Captain Charles Eric 
Hunter. C A.. R.A.F. rfMdj. of Esher. 
Surrey. Very beloved husband of 
Joan, much loved and loving father 
of lhe law Paul and of Jane and 
Anne, father-m-law of George and 
grandfather of victoria. Georgie and 
Eleanor. To be laid to rest with PauL 
whom he loved so much, at the 
Donne Cemetery. Gfrvan. Ayrshire, 
lotto wing a Service al 2.15 pm on 
September 2nd at South Pariah 
Church. Gfrvan. 

MACDONALD - On 26Ui AugusL Vera 
Grace aged 89. widow of Dr. Ernest 
Kenneth Macdonald formerly medi- 
cal officer of health of Leicester, and 
mother of Joan. Rosemary and Pal. 
CremaiMn at Oakley Wood Cremato- 
liinn. Bishops Tachbrook. 
Leamington Spa on 3rd Se pte mber al 
2pm. No flowers please. 

MARSHALL - On August 26th 1986 al 
home. Mary Beatrice beloved wife of 
Geoffrey, mother of Lindsey. Peter 
and Christopher. Funeral Service at 
East H a mpstead Park crematorium 
on Friday August 29th al 3.00pm. 
No flowers. Donations to Cancer 
Research c/o a B walker & Son Ltd. 
36 Eldon Road. Reading. 

MARSH • On 23rd Avgust 1986. after 
a long nines*. Christopher Patrick 
aged 08 years. Husband of Sally and 
lather of Alexandra, and Susanna. 
Foneral Service at Guildford Qneraa- 
lorium. on Friday. 29th August at 12 
noon. Enquure s to Cramrigh 
Funerals «CM83) 276768. 

NANO. Max - Suddenly in his 7E0i 
year, at Antibes, greatly missed by 
many friends and admirers in 
England and In France. Funeral 

PARKER. Linda (n*e PitWnst loved by 
ev e ryone whose Hves she touched. 
Lindy lost her c o u rageous tlghl for 
Uie at home in Batbeaston. Balh. on 
Tuesday 26fh AugusL 1986. Deeply 
loved by Don and mother of Emma, 
she win be missed for ever by her 
stepchildren NtgeL Susan. Segta c n 
and Louise and by her mother Peggy 
and s«er Vanessa. The memory of a 
woDdertOI lady wQ always remain 
in lhe hearts Of «*»* dear to her. as 
well as me hearts of many friends 
around the world, in parncular those 
who were fortunate enough to nave 
known her In Singapore and Malay- 
sia. A private Service for family will 
be held in Bath. No flowers al her 
mtuest - donations may be *n|[ *» 
Dorothy House Foundation. 162 
Bloomfield Rd. Bath. BA2 2AT. 
PARSONS. Owen Henry Peacefully 
on August 23rtL al 6T Wilderaara 
Rd. Ericy. Reading, sadly missed ty 
htt wife, daughters and tpandchH- 
drop. Cremation at East Ham pstead 
Crematorium. Crowihorne. Berta, 
on Friday 29ih August ai 2pm. Fam- 
ily flowers only, dona boos to The 
Bnnsh Heart Foundation- 10 
Gloucester Platt. London. Wl. 

PUNT On 23rd August 1986. peaceful- 
ly al Owing Cross Hospital. 
Norman A. Husband of Owen, loved 
companion of Jane and Miter of 
Jonathan. CremaUan mtrata No 
Memorial Service. No flowers please. 
Donations U desired to Adore 
Benevolent Find. 

SPRATT - On 26th AugusL al Hag 
Edward vn Hospital. MMhursL 
Sharon Alexandra, aged 33 years, of 
Tarrant SL Arundel, and Crane. 
Kalman Calory. Knighlsbrldge. after 
a courageous fight against cancer. ; 
suffered with fortitude. Adored wife 
of Christopher, beloved daughter of 
PU and sister of Mark and Paul. Ser- 
vice at the Worthing Crematorium, 
on Friday. 29th AugusL al 3.00pm. 
FJowers and enquiries to DHUstone 
c/o Worthing 220836. 

STOBART On August 22nd at St 
Mary's Hospital. Eastbourne after a 
long and c ou rageous flglu. Ida Be- 
atrice. aged 64. widow of David 
Gilbert St-Oatr. beloved mother of 
Eric. MtohaeL GUI and much lowed 
grandmother. May she rest hi peace 
and tranquBUy. Funeral al 11 am. 
Monday September 1st al St Martin’s 
ChapeL Chafley Old Heritage. 
Chafley. Sussex, fallowed by crema- 
tion- Rowers or donaUtms to 
Imperial Cancer R e sear ch may be 
sent to Fuller A Scott, the Wakefyns. 
Uckflehl 3241. 


Wadi Ov am pneys fund: A J Morris: A 
AOabtree.^Allce Gardntelund: K E 
Fulton, to Mernocyof “Plddir\s 1 
Lrijcrman: S A Holden: A M Stmey. 

oratory, has been appointed to 
lhe chair in computer commu- 
nication from January I- 
The title and status of professor 

VAN STHA P B EH UE - On 24th 
AugusL Joyce Hope van 
Straubenzee. of 86 Blackborough Rd. 
Rrtgate. Surrey, youngest daugmer 
and last surviving child of the lale 
Cotonei and Mrs A H van 
Straubenzee. aged 86. Funeral al St 
John's Church. Redwn. on Tuesday. 
2nd September, al 2-30pm. rollowed 
by private cremation. No flower i. 
but she would have appreclaied 
donattons to RUKBA. 6 Avonmore 
Rd. London. W14. 

WILLIAMS on Tuesday August 26th 
1986. peacefully at home In 
Cambertey. Nancy GeUatty In her 
90th year. Much loved mother of 
Jean, grandmother to Michael and 
great grandmother to Emily. Funeral 
Sendee Tuesday September 1st. 
11.00 a.m. at me East Hampstead . 
Park Crematorium. AH flowers and I 
enquiries to Cambertey and District , 
Funeral Service. telephone 
Cambertey 55201. 

WINTLE. Conn Colston ■ On Aogosl 
24th. 1986. peacefully at heme in his 
8lst year. Beloved husband of Joan, 
loving father of Cites and Mary and 
grandpa to Sarah. AnnabeL Justin. 
Lucs' and Felix. Cremation at 
MorUake Crematorium. Monday. 
September 1st at Xpm. Flowers to F. 
W. Paine. 227 Twickenham Rd. 
Isleworth. M 01 560 3976. 

YORK THOMfMM ■ On SBhmlay 23td 
AugusL 1986. suddenly twt peaccfut - 
ly white on holiday In Scotland. 

j Margaret York Thomson, daughter 
of York and Harriet Thomson- of 
Blackhealh. London, aged T7. Fimnr- 
al look plate at Babnacara. an 26lfa 


BEESLY - A Service of Thanka^vinB 
for the life of Patrick Beetty wtS be 

held al St John The Bapbsl Churtft. 

Boktre. Lymingtoa. a* 4pm on 
Friday. Sth September. 


JAMES. Frank Henry -to hawvjmd 
unfading memory of nw be«ved 
Sam H939) and of our darting «» 
Michael 11951) - ‘For 1 to your he art 
had dwelling and thou hart to mme 
for ever'. 

NORMAN . tat loving memoraof 
elder son. Kerry Lionel Patrick, who 
died 38 August. 1962. aged 21. Peter 
and Pal Norman. 

funeral _ 


BADHLEY Hemttone S-OOpratm Sat- 
urday 30tn August SI MWw* 
witoforu-cum-Lake. Amerttiny. WUT- 
store. 1.1 Own tram from waierino to 
Salisbury will be met. 

Mr Moirao Charles Garnet 
Man, CMG, who ended his 
careerln diplomacy as ambas- 
sador to Saudi Arabia from 

But in 1959 he returned to 
the Middle East for the rest of 
his careen as deputy political 
resident in Bahrain (until 

aOXlIdU WL/ M UM V4 llltevne , , . A 1 

1964 to 1968, died on August 1962), minister in Ankara 
24. He was 71. He was one of (until 1964), and, finally *. 35 
the most accomplished Arab- ambassador to Saudi Arabia. 

ists in theservice, and most of ^ ^ j 0 b before retiring 
his official life was spent m the tg e service in 1970 was 

Middle East. as senior civilian lecturer at 

Bora on August 6, 1915, he ^ imperial Defence College, 
u r ininatm tvnrf nf was educated at Cheltenham jhough later he returned brief- 
I tSi F 'nrtSoT ^eanTand **** Queen’s College, Oxford, ty ^the public service on a 
network executive at the He joined the Consular Sct- spgaai assignment^! theMin- 
Ruiheiford Appleton Lab- vice m 1937 and served in istry of Defence from 1980 to 

• 1 — J — Beirut for two years before 

being transferred to Baghdad 

.as assistant oriental secretary. Meanwhile he had acted as 
In 1943, he was posted to director of the Metallurgical 
Jedda, as second secretary. In Plantmakers’ Federation, and 
those days the British embassy two other bodies in the same 
there was responsible for all field, from 1970 to 1980. He 


Meanwhile he had acted as 
director of the Metallurgical 
Piantmakers’ Federation, and 
two other bodies in the same 
field, from 1970 to 1980. He 
the Mecca pilgrims coming was a DL for Grrater London 
from India, who were still from 1977 to 1984- 
Brilish subjects; and this work Man was an excellent Arab- 
occupied mum of Man s tune. ^ w ho was apt to slip into 
Between 1943 and 1946 be /^bic even when talking to 
was in a dxflerent environ- his own compatriots. He was 
ment, _ as consul m Atlanta, cons cientious, and always pa- 
Georgia. But from 1946 to in negotiation. His col- 
1951 he was back in the ^pies found him likeable. 
Middle East, doing tours of gygjj though his rather sly 
dutyat Kirkuk, Damascus and G f humour could, at 

Baghdad. times, operate at their 

There followed another in- expensc _ 
terlude, when he was first in 

the American department of He wu marncxL Br ?J - 10 
the Foreign Office in London- Moira Farquhmson_ Wfarn, 
serving as its head from 1954 10 

io 1956 - and then at the JaibpL Both mam^ ended 
embassy in Oslo where he was m divorce. Of the firet, there 
rauinsellnr. wcre **> daughters. 

^ r; 

Comm unity employs a small 
army of officials to translate 
technical documents on suck 
turgid subjects as the permit- 
ted levels of vegetable ofls in 
butter substitutes, into the 
Community's nine languages. 
Soon, however, that tedious 
work may be done instead by 

Programme designers are 
convinced that it is technically 
feasible to type doc uments into 
a computer in one language 
and have it printed out in- 
stantaneously in another. 

Eurotra is the largest ma- 
chine translation programme 
in the world. It employs more 
than 100 linguists and com- 
puter scientists working in 
- too m<g in most of the EECTs 
member states. 

By early next year stan from 
Essex and Manchester univer- 
sities responsible for die Brit- 
ish end of Eurotra and their 
colleagues across the EEC will 
have a prototype system run- 
ning able to translate a 
vocabulary of 4^100 words. 

That vocabulary is too s mal l 
to translate documents hot big 
enough to prove that the 
Eurotra team are working on 
the right lines. Analysing 
sentences in the right wjf so 
that they can then be machine- 
translated into any of the 
Community's languages is 
what has taken years of work. 

The breakdown of the sen- 
tence “The cat ate a mouse” 
for example, into a form in 
which it can be machine- 
translated, occupys 30 dosely 
typed pages of print foe 
equivalent of the instructions 
which have to be given to the 

The groundwork of Eurotra 
has required enormous effort 
but the work is now virtually 
complete and things are now 
moving ahead fast. 

A true prototype system. 

20,000 words in nine lan- 
guages, should be working in 
about two years from now. In 
about three years the creators 
of Eurotra will be ready to go 
to a commercial software 
house with a programme 
which will enable anyone to 
type a technical document into 
a computer in English, say, 
ami have it emerge instantly 
typed in any of the EECs 
main languages. 

A person reading the docu- 
ment printed out at the other 
end will have to check it 
carefully to correct occasional 
mac hine errors. But he wQl not 
need any knowledge of the 
in putter’s language. 

In 10 years' time the EEC 
should have a fully-fledged 
Eurotra system which will not 
only translate ail its technical 
documents but will also be 
highly cost-effective. It is ex- 
pected to repay quickly the 
money invested through sav- 
ing! in human translator time. 

The timescale for really 
effective machine translation 
of technical docaments, 
employing a far more sophis- 
ticated and linguistically cor- 
rect system than any of foe 
crude machine translation sys- 
tems in use today is very short. 
However, the Eurotra team 
will not even speculate on a 
date for effective machine 
translation of documents more 
interesting than technical 

Plays, novels or love letters 
to a foreign girlfriend whose 
language you do not speak 
require translation, say foe 
linguists and computer sci- 
entists, not by a computer 
programmed with rales hot by 
a person. The still unanswered 
question is whether the 
development of artificial 
intelligence will ever allow a 
computer to perform such 

Middle East, doing tours of 
dutyat Kirkuk, Damascus and 

There followed another in- 
terlude, when he was first in 
the American department of 
the Foreign Office in London - 
serving as its bead from 1954 
to 1956 - and then at the 
embassy in Oslo where he was 

• ■ V«-.A - -<■ V.J.* 



Mr George Nepia, an out- 
standing member of the New 
Zealand Rugby Union side of 
1924-5 in Great Britain and 
France, who was able to kick 
goals with his bare feet, died 
yesterday at the age of 81. 

Born on April 25, 1905, at 
Wairoa, be was e du ca t ed at 
Wairoa and Nuhaka native 
schools and Maori Agricultur- 
al College. When he was 16, he 
was selected as a wing for East 
Coast districts in a Maori trial 
game. He moved to fullback in 
the Maori trial game of 1924, 
and gave such an impressive 
display that he was chosen for 
the tour of Great Britain and 
France later that year. 

Nepia’s form for the 
“Invincibles” was outstand- 
ing. Still only 19, he was highly 
praised for his brilliant dis- 
plays of lacking, tackling, and 
fielding of lhe ball, and be was 
nominated as one of the five 
players of the year by the 
Wisden Rugby Almanack. 

He won nine caps in an for 
New Zealand, the last of 
which were against the British 
Lions in 1930. He scored 99 
points in all games for New 
Zealand, made up of one try, 
39 conversions and six penalty 

After an unsuccessful at- 
tempt to get into the 1935-6 
All Black tour of Britain, 
Nepia led a Maoris' team to 
Australia, and then signed for 
the Streaiham and Mitchell 
Rugby League side in En- 
gland. He transferred to Hali- 

fax during the 1 936-7 season. 

He was reinstated to Rugby 
Union in 1947, and played 
twice for East Coast districts 
at the age of 42. Three years 
later he became the oldest 
New Zealander to play first- 
class rugby, when be played 
for an Olympian team against 
Poverty Bay led by his son, 
George junior - the only 
occasion that father and son 
have played opposite each 
other in a first-class match in 
New Zealand. 

After his retirement from 
rugby, Nepia spent several 
years refereeing. A farmer, he 
later moved to Masterton. 
where he worked in an electri- 
cal appliance factory. 

Mr Ted Knight, whose buf- 
foon, self-centred newscaster 
Tai Baxter in the Mary Tyler 
Moore Show won him two 
Emmy awards, died in Los 
Angeles on August 26. He was 

The silver-haired Knight 
whose real nam e was Tadeus 
Wladyslaw Konopka, was 
bora on December 7, 1923, 
the son of a Polish immigrant 

He played 300 parts in 
various television episodes 
but will be best remembered 
for that of Ted Baxter from 
1970 to 1977. He followed the 
series with a short-lived 
Broadway .play. Some of my 
Best Friends , and his own 
television series. The Ted 
Knight Show. 

Wl"V!-JI ■ 


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Irreverent « a baa-word 
much beloved of publicists* 
owupjiiiR as it does the cosv 
slot just this side of “unt- 
Wow". When used of 
Granada s new comedy and 
music show* Robbins, it means 
!£?* /kte* th ® eldest sister of 
iais Lancashire variety family, 
fassiien licence to bolster her 

bottom and don a carroty wig 
and galumphing green wellies 
in order to impersonate the 
Duchess of York. Technically, 
it was a pretty acute contribu- 
tion to the state of the art, but 
w *“»t she then did in her 
Ferqte-drag — squirming with 
oght-vowelled Sloaneish glee; 
poring over a book entitled 100 
Ways to Reduce Your Bottom 
not quite getting the hang of 
pi toting a helicopter — sug- 
gested rather a demotic form 
of respect. 

Miss Robbins also delivered 
adequate impressions of Vic- 
- toria Wood, Elaine Paige, 
-Inlie Andrews and Annie 
Sugden (“Put the pig down 
and get the flock out of hereT), 
hut bene again the home- 
grown script presented a 
celebration of populist tele- 

vision instead of an attack — 
satire with its dentures safety 

The most awful moment of 
Let*s Face It (Channel 4) came 
when Christine Piff - the 
admirable face-cancer victim 
who runs the self-help org- 
anization of the tide — showed 
a fellow sufferer the contents 
of her handbag. “Then I put In 
my cheek" she calmly ex- 
plained as she bnOt np a stack 
of plastic gnbbins on the table, 
“with the artificial eye." 

Frostfeetic surgery has come 
a long way sin!* P* wrote 
"The Man That Was Used 
Up" — further, at least, than 
human nature, whose abiding 
™stn»ct is to stare if not 
actually to point To lose half 
one’s face through cancer, or 
to be born without eyelids or 
earlobes, is to stand apart in a 
way that the rest of ns 
comprehend hot dimly. Oliver 
Gillie’s sympathetic report 
walked a nice line between 
pathos and cheerfulness, and 
the camera was anything but 

Martin Oopper 

John Percival previews tonight’s BBCI 
Omnibus special on the Bolshoi Ballet 

VI \N 

■ ! .* - f 



• • '.v. 

%. •• -*? 

. - • q 

;v V'P- 

c,.' rti j- R 
, . . :rJ 

A quarter of a million people, 
it is claimed, will have seen 
the Bolshoi Ballet on stage in 
Britain and Ireland this sum- 
mer. 1 reckon about half that 
figure is more likely, but 
luckily the BBC this week is 
making the company acces- 
sible to anybody. A live 
transmission from Battersea 
Park on Saturday will show a 
wide selection of the repertory 
and dancers. Tonight's film, 
made in Moscow, is even 
more revealing and should' 
open eyes even among those 
who think' they know the 
company well. 

The -cameras were allowed 
anywhere, to film whom they 
liked, doing or saying what 
they fiked. and the amazingly 
rich archives were opened up. 
The result not only shows the 
company at work, on stage 
and off. but sets it uniquely m 

Where else could you see 
Giselle danced by three 
generations, one after the 
other? There are glimpses of 
Galina Ulanova, the glorious, 
unequalled star of the' Bol- 
shoi's- past; then of her 
wonderful pupil, ..Ekaterina 
Maximova; and finally Nina 
Ananiashvili at. rising ; 
star, of the new generation, 
preparing and giving her first , 
performance earlier this year. 
Among the men. you -cait- 
compare Irek Mukhamedov,- 
the hero of this year's tour, 
with his illustrious prede- 
cessor Vladimir Vassiliev, 
boih of them dancing the same 
scene from Spartacus. You 
can also watch both of them 
talking freely about their 


work, their ambitions and 
their doubts. 

The chief emphasis is on the 
constant expansion of phys- 
ical prowess, especially in 
male dancers, which Boris 
Akimov, a leading dancer and 
teacher, compares with devel- 
opments in sport. It . is traced 
steadily from a glimpse of 
Vassili Tikhomirov dancing a 
coy number with Ekaterina 
Geftser in 1 913 to today’s 
superb athletes. But Asaf 
Messerer. one of the pioneers, 
has a moment of regret that 
“some of the small move- 
men is~a re no longer; with us". . 

Almost superhuman in- 
dividual effort chiefly explains . 
the progress, but intense 
coaching helps — a system 
which Ulanova told me re- 
cently is like university tutor- 
ing for selected dancers once 
their schooldays are over. The 
film shows the enviable 
supporting facilities: the big 
school, spacious dressing 
rooms, large studios. We are 
never allowed to forget that 
"bolshoi" is Russian for big. 

Thereare hints of thetortenl ■ 
to which -the Bolshoi's pro? 
gress jias been, achieved by. 
arpstic cannibalism: grabbing 
talent from aifover the USSR, 
especially' Leningrad‘s Also, 
interviews - with - Vassiliev,. 
Maximova: and Maya.'PHs* 
setskaya reveal doubts among 
the company's senior-genera- 
tion about present policies; a 
limited repertory, concentra- 
tion on technique at the I 
expense of expression. So 
there is scope for the Bolshoi 
to become better still. Com- 
pulsive viewing. 

Edinburgh International Film Festival 

Britain bursts asunder 
with local exuberance 

.. .-v >iTf 

. ■ V Hr 


Galina Ulanova, gloriously unequalled in Giselle 

Meanwhile, the Bolshoi have opened 
their season in Battersea: Park . . . 

P!A ;l 

\> i 

Il was cruel weather on Tues- 
day for the opening of the 
Bolshoi Ballet's week i n the 
new marquee in Battersea 
Park. The structure is vast 
seating 3.650 people on one 
long wide, ramped terrace. 
The scats are infinitely more 
comfortable than in the Big 
Top previously frequented by 
ballet companies in this park, 
the sight-lines probably better, 
from many scats (and cer- 
tainly far preferable to the 
dreadful conditions suffered 
by stalls patrons at Covent 
Garden). You are still con- 
scious of being in a tent but 
quite a stylish one: on a fine 
night il might be quite 
charming . ... . 

Acoustically. 1 am afraid. 11 
is still a disaster area. Apart 
from the noisy interruptions 
of aircraft and, when there is a 
wind, constant rustling ana 
flapping of the walls, the 
material deadens the - music. - 
which you hear anyway 
' mostly from loudspeakers. 
Whv bother employinga live 
band (something called tne 
Orchestra of London) when 
tapes would sound just as 

good? . 

This performance was do- 
laved, first by waning for 
latecomers (you must allow at 
least 20 minutes to park, walk 
to the tent and go through 
: security checks, reckoning on 
mud and vast puddles during 
your trek). Then all the lights 
. went out in the orchestra pit as 
. the curtains opened, so wc had 
another wait. • ... 

The dancers in the opening 
work* Lew Sy/phides. seem? 
not at all thrown by this. The 
' Bolshoi version is a Imlc short 
on atmosphere, but Nina 
Ananiashvili and Nina Scnu- 
WFDva danced their solos 

well and .Yuri Posokhov 
proved a nice soft mover, 
although not as 'fluent as one 
might expect, and he showed 
some effort when ■ lifting 
Natalya Bessmertnova in the 

The middle act of Sparta - 
cus. with the amazingly gifted 
Irek Mukhamedov dancing 
full but in the title part, 
brought roars of applause. The. 
furious energy shown by him 
and the other men makes up 
for choreography more trite 
and repetitive than you can 
imagine in the ensembles. 

The last third of the evening 
is a selection of short dances 
■orextracts from longer ballets, 
designed toshow a wide range 
of soloists. The most uk 
ingoing piece was the last, a 
long duet from Petipa's The 
Tatisman. which has probably 
never been done in Britain 
until this tour. To some 
swirling music by Drigo. Nina 
Semizorova as _ a nymph 
dances some delightfully ca- 
pricious, joyful sequences so 
prettily that she eventually 
melts the stern disapproval of 
a fierce God of the Wind. Yun 
Vasyuchenko. soaring through , 
a role that was one of 
Nijinsky's earliest successes. 

Alla MikhaJchenko glittered 

in her Black Swan number, 
with Alexei Fadeyrehev. but 
they were deprived of then 1 
solos. We have often seen 
Soior's variation from Baya- 
dere and the Corsaire duet 
(also without solos) more 
brimamly dancecL So it was 
understandable that M 8 ™ 
Bylova and Leonid Nikonov 

in the ecstatic little Spr/ire 
Waters duet won most of tne 

J •Jr • 

The final week of the fortieth 
Edinburgh International Film Festi- 
val proved that their is no such 
thing as a British cinema. Wc must 
now recognize a Scottish cinema, an 
Irish cinema, a Welsh cinema, an 
English .cinema and perhaps 
(remembering Letter to Brezhnev 
and No Surrender) a Liverpool 
cinema, each with its independent 
character and existence. 

. The Scots were a major force. 
Shoot for tire Sub. from a script by 
Peter McDougaJL is the impressive 
first -feature of lan Knox, a 1980 
National Film and Television 
School graduate. A compelling, 
vivid genre picture of the Scottish 
underworld, it shows the whole 
hierarchy of the drug trade, from 
schoolboy pushers to the invading 
London heavy mob. The pubs. . . 
clubs, back-alleys and high-rise 
housing arc a lurid world far from 
the tourist's Edinburgh. Knox 
skilfully uses a fine ensemble of 
I actors — Jimmy Nail. Brian Cox and 
Billy McColl — to explore the erratic 
workings of criminal mentality. 

With the lough times much closer 
in memory, the Scots retain an 
authentic heroic sense of the fight 
for workers' rights. John McGrath's 
"domestic epic" Blood Red Roses 
began as a stage production, was 
filmed as a Channel 4 mini-series 
and appeared in Edinburgh in a 
condensed form intended fbr cjne- 
mas. It is the saga of a fierce, bright 
Scottish giri who starts off punching 
mean schoolteachers and grows up 
10 become a Communist, industrial 
militant and selfless battler for 
justice: Ragged and schematic, the 
film is held together by the human- 
ity of the central character played 
successively by Louise Beanie and 
Elizabeth MacLennan. 

. . The same old heroic spirit . is. 
captured more succinctly and subtly . - 
in Passing Glory, a 40-mmuie story 
by a new. National Film School . 
graduate. Gillies Mackinnon. A 
fierce old Glasgow granny, veteran 
of the Party and the International 

Concert . 

Albert Hall/Radio 3 

' " ~ The 

-There are how two available {L£. 
approaches Which a perfor- 
; mahcc of Mozart’JuRequteiri d 

can .adopt Either Sussmayr » 
can be regarded as a heretic for ._ ^ 
meddling -so ineptly with the lhal | 
t^omposcF’s -Cimi ppuy-ma^ 
num. or the efforts of those ou _] v 
modern scholars who. aided 
by the hindsight of two centu- 
ncs, have tried to do better , {j 
can be dismissed. If. like the Ro J n 
English Baroque Soloists, you sluni , 
1 lay daim to a measure of w u c j f 
authenticity, the grounds for scnsc 
opting for the second of these , 

choices, as John Eliot Gardi- 
ncr did here, are still ample. ra( j 
An 1 8th-oentury man is; after JlL . 
all. an .18th-century matu and 
no 20ih-cenlury don can be. - 
■ I am' not so sure that in the some 
age of Mozart the unceremo- tion, 
mous rapidity with which the r 
'Gardiner conducted the work title t 
would have been approved of distai 
He look fully 20 minutes less show 
than Karl Bohm (admittedly, you c 
an extreme example) used to. and r 
And., although one could ad- befon 
mire the technical expertise of can si 
the superb Monteverdi Choir wash 
as they raced through the own 
“Kyric". and the oscillating stranj 
notes at the words “Quanius world 
tremor cst futures" in the ing 
"Dies Irac" really did shake mystc 
violently!, overall the result absur 
was conspicuously lacking in (radii 
depth! This is a common come 
criticism of Gardiner's perfor- trcalr 
manccs. but neverthetes it is image 
unavoidable here. tcch \ 

Thus the "Rex Tremendae" Als 
did not depict an awesome Roori 
terror, quite as it should have, inlelli 
while the cross ■ accents of of the 
“Do mine Jesu" would surely beard 
have been more incisive and MkJ-r 
exciting at a slightly slower the be 
pace, although admittedly that Hard} 
chosen Tor the “HoSiias” ca- about 
lered nicely for both its aulho 
smooth vocal lines and its ergy 
instrumental detail. focus< 

Gardiners team of soloists. 
however, seemed just- about ■ oc | u 
ideal suongish in volume 
although never forcing their n ™J 
tone; Consequently they Wen- 
ded well in ensemble, al- 
though at the same time .these clcar “ l 
were undoubtedly voices of 
real character. Barbara Bon- 
ncy (soprano) and Anne Sofie , 
von Otter (mezzo-soprano) DWJ 
made for a pleasing contrast, tn* 
the one pcnclratingty pure, the ■ Lyui e 
other rich and fruity. Curi- ' 
ously there was a similar 
relationship between the **Tncv- 
heady tenor of Hans Peter 1 
Blochwitz and Willard '?■» 
White’s commandingly res- in«ek 
onarn base. And. while on the Pgym 
subject of soloists. Susan "Honl 
Addison's trombone solo in songu 
"Tuba Mirum" also dcscrvcs 
a word of praise. “ ni 

It was strange that in the su ?8 
same concert wc should also an 5* 
hear Gardiner, ai his most 8nfl 9 ri 
relaxed, in a performance of Yoa _ 
Haydn's Symphony No 84. Or' >° un 8 
perhaps not. since even in its * vcm “‘ 
Jasicr- movements this- Pa- P 1c 'iT 
risian work seems unusually J?^“ 
refined. - scarcely taking a vl, *J “ 
rough turn. The playing was saincn 
crisp, nevertheless. r and the ™° ls , 1 1 
high horns were cxccjicnt A> Ajih 

Stephen Pettitt iwangi 

Brigade, despairs of her children's 
middlwrlass aspirations, and finds 
more in common with her punk- 
generation granddaughter and her 
workless fianefc. When the old lady 
dies, the youngsters steal her coffin 
to save her the shame of a bourgeois 
burial, and give her the send-off she 
wished. This marvellously self- 
contained work- won the Best New- 
comer Award at the Celtic Film 

The premise of Charles Gorm- 
kry's Heavenly Pursuits, a more 
commercially bent comedy, with 
Tom Conti and Helen Mirren 
leading the cast, is promising: the 
reaction of a determinedly 20th- 
century church to some miracles 
that occur inconveniently at the 
Blessed Edith Semple Catholic 
School in Glasgow. It could be the 
stuff of a Bufiuel morality tale, but 
the ideas fizzle out rather far before 
the end of the picture. 

Kicran Hickey's Short Story is a 
self-portrait of the Irish cinema 
between 1945 and 1958. The irony 
is that, as far as the history books 
are concerned, there was no Irish 
cinema in these years. Apart from 
Hilton Edwards's ghost-story Re- 
turn to Glenascaui (from which 
Hickey has found some rushes and 
out-takes including Orson Welles), 
gifted men like Gerald Healy and 
Liam O'Laoghaire could do no 
more than make shorts and trailers 
for the tourist board and health 
authorities, while they dreamed of a 
national cinema. But Irish dreams 
are potent: and Hickey shows 
movingly how many ideas, how 
much feeling and how much of the 
Ireland of the times they captured in 
their starved, brave fragments. 

Peter Orm rod’s Eat the Peach 
celebrates something of the same 
.spirit, forty years on. in a comedy 
about a young man who fulfils his . 
obsession to build a wall of death for 
the glory of his little border town. 
.Ormrod is a director who thinks in 
images, and touches with light 
sardonic humour on the Troubles. 

smuggling and American cultural 
take-over. More austere. Alan 
Giiscnan's Eh Joe realizes a Samuel 
Bcckctt screenplay in mesmeric 
closc-up. with Tom Hickey as a 
haunted derelict and Siobhan Mc- 
Kenna as the voice in his head. 

From the wcsl Karl Francis's 
Wdsh-languagc Boy Soldier- is the 
story of an unemployed teenager 
who joins the Welsh Guards and is 
sent to serve in Ulster; The film is a 
skilful structure of flashbacks, as the 
youth — a pawn in a piece of cynical 
political manipulation— awaits trial 
for the killing of a young dem- 
onstrator. Francis perceives racism 
in British army attitudes to Welsh 
and Irish alike. This articulate and 
angry film is unlikely to delight 
cither the Army or the Home Office; 
but Francis claims it is based on real 
events. He weakens his case only by 
depicting the Home Office man as a 
B-picture nasty. 

Alongside these vital and aggres- 
sive pictures, new English films wilt. 
Mike Newell's The Good Father 
falls far short of the promise of 
Dance H iih a Stranger. Adapted try 
Christopher Hampton from a novel 
by Peter Prince, it remains a novel, 
with nothing (certainly not the 
caricature playing led by Anthony 
Hopkins) to justify its existence as a 
film. Despite the presence of 
Alexandra Pigg. the kind of mer- 
etricious visuals that come from a 
background in pop promos and the 
modish gimmick of computer 
fraud. Bernard Rose's first feature. 
Smart Money, is finally a dully 
conventional heist movie. War 
Games was the exception that 
proves the nilc: even for those who 
can follow what , is going on. the 
dramatic appeal of computers on 
the screen is nil. . . . - 

Smart Money was- scripted : by 
Matthew JacobsJike Rosea recent 
National Film School graduate, who 
reappeared as director of a short. 
Vardo. A polite, wcll-crafted fable 
about the brief friendship of a 

/ N 

Exploring the erratic workings of the criminal mentality: Jimmy Nail 
(left) and Brian Cox heading a fine ensemble in Shoot for the Sun 

bourgeois child and a girl from a 
traveller site, it recalls the Goldcresl 
era. when every second film was 
filtered through the sensibilities of . 
early-teenage schoolgirls. What 
makes it symptomatic of the trou- 
bles of English films . is that Jona- 
than David's scenario won a 
national script competition prize. 

Edinburgh's grand finale was the 
prcmiCre of this year's Thames 
SiTcnts presentation (which will be 
repeated at the London Film Festi- 
val)'— Erich ‘.von Stroheim's monu- 
. menial Greed (1924). with a new. 
-live. orchestral score composed by 
Carl Davis. 

The Edinburgh performance 

demonstrated again the total 
resurrection of a film, given proper 
presentation and a bright new print. 
A contemporary trade reviewer 
called it "the filthiest, vilest, most 
putrid picture in the history of the 
motion picture business". For Jean 
Renoir it was “the film of films". 
The most celebrated of all martyr 
films (Stroheim's nine-hour version 
was progressively eut down to three 
hours), it remains the apogee of 
Twenties naturalism, in settings 
(from the streets of San Francisco to 
the killing sun of Death Valley) as in 

Fringe theatre 

A genuine stunner 

The "visually stunning" show 
is a commonplace od^ the 
Edinburgh fringe. If we. are to 
believe publicity handbills 
and programmes. Edinburgh . 
offers -so- many ’opportunities 
to become visually stunned, 
that PrihccsStreetisin danger 
' of . being -filled with hazard- 
ously 1 . myopic pedestrians. 
Sana, from the Japanese 
experimental group Banyu- 
Inryoku at the Assembly 
Rooms, is, : however, visually 
stunning. In (act it over- 
whelms more than just visual 
senses, plastering you to your 
scat with waves of music and 
sound, a constantly changing 
parade of extraordinary im- 
ages and events. 

"Suna" • is the Japanese 
word for sand and. . m a 
somewhat opaque introduc- 
tion, the programme explains 
the relationship between the 
title and the act of measuring 
distance, which is one of the 
show's themes. If you wish 
you can read the programme 
and relate it to what you -see 
before you; alternatively, you 
can sit and Id the whole thing 
wash over you. making your 
own deductions. With its 
strange Blade Runner-like new 
world atmosphere of alienat- 
ing high technology and 
mysterious power, with its 
absurd use of ritual and 
traditional images (the bicycle 
comes in - for some curious 
treatment), it creates a potent 
image of men isolated in a hi- 
tech world. 

Also at the Assembly 
Rooms is a vivacious and 
intelligent production of Tess 
of the d'Urfaerilles by Floor- 
boards Theatre Company. 
Mid-moming is not perhaps 
the best time of day to take on 
Hardy, but the company go 
about it with such crisp, dear 
authority and imaginative en- 
ergy that the bleary mind 
focuses rapidly. On a work- 
manlike set a chorus of 
"locals" don simple masks to 
move us swiftly through the . 
narrative and continually 
weave in the larger backdrop 
of destiny, Tamara Sielle is a' 
clear-eyed, strong-willed Tess. 

Dwight Yoakam 


"They didn't think much of 
this in Nashville”. Dwight 
Yoakam announced in his 
thick cowboy drawl before 
playing his current UK single 
"Honky Tonk Man". The 
song was a pure country paean 
to the "good old boy" pursuits. 
of drinking and womanizing, 
sung with lazy nasal fervour, 
and. like the rest of the set it 
underlined the irony of 
Yoakam's careen that of a 
young man from Appalachia. 
Kentucky., singing funda- 
mentalist country .songs, re- 
jected by the" modem Nash- 
ville establishment and finally 
gathering an audience on the* 
roots rock-club circuit of Los 

Although most of the crisp 

twanging numbers were self 

: but at - - die same time a 
beautiful, helpleaa fly foe the 
web: of jam and the spider of; 
- Alec dTJrbevi]Ie. played as a * 
. lounge-lizard v with . minutely 
observed' loathsomeness by 

A completely contrasting, 
stage adaptation of literature 
is Rohan McCullough's one- 
woman show developed from 
Vera Brittain’s Testament of 
Youth (Gilded Baloon The- 
atre). In a slightly mannered 
but painfully precise perfor- 
mance Miss McCullough 
develops from an engagingly 
and naively self-confident 
young giri to a sadder, wiser 
woman, reminding us just 
how brief was the youth that 
Brittain described, 

Arthur Miller's -Playing for • 
Tone (Netherbow Art Centre). . 
receiving its British premitre 
here, focuses on the Second 
World War, dealing with the 
monstrosity of the holocaust 
on one Jewish woman in 
particular. Fania Fenelon. the 
singer who was drafted into an 
orchestra in one of the 
concentration camps. 

Based on Fenelon's book 
about her experiences. Mil- 
ler’s play moves with master- 
ful clarity, economy and 
compassion through her story. 
As one of the orchestra she 
was saved from death, but' 
existed in a situation of end- 
less compromise, and Miller's 
play gets across the escalating, 
horror of the place' through 
tiny details. Concentrating on 
the relationship between 
Fania and her friend Lotty and 
their methods of survival, he 
questions how people can stay 
humane in the most in- 
humane circumstances, while 
in parallel, through the Nazis 
he portrays, exploring how 
easy il may be to become 
inhumane and remain human. 
Michael Leeds's production 
(Studio Theatre Productions 
from New York) is unfussy 
and intelligent and centres 
round a performance of lumi- 
nous understanding from 
Deborah Jean Templin. 

Sarah Hemming 

Country music 



As often pointed idul fercchas 3 
hid an uphill taskln surviving' 
the collapse of moral laboosJ 
Still. English ' writers keep 
plugging away at- it. has- 
taken Gildas Bburder of the 
Theatre dc Ja SatehiahdfcTB 
wrij(c a farce about the.impo$-. 
sibility of writing a farce. 

Le .Sapcrieau is a high- 
cnergv. 90-minute piece on the 
ever-interesting topic of how 
to conduct simultaneous af- 
fairs with two girls. One has 
nice long legs in white stock- 
ings. The other has superb 
mammary equipment. Le 
Saperlcau is unable to make 
up his mind and. in Guy 
Petrol's distracted perfor- 
mance. he is often seen, arms 
crossed, with his fingers point- 
ing in opposite directions. As 
you would expect, the show 
advances through episodes of 
dalliance, suspicion and jeal- 
ous confrontation towards 
eternal larewclls and bodies 
on the floor, and winds up. 
rather less predictably, with a 
curtain-call where the com- 
pany machine-guns each other 
into the wings. 

Despite these trusty nar- 
rative ingredients, there is no 

Festival theatre 

plot Instead. Bourdet mounts 
a series of dislocated vaude- 
ville turns on each phase of 
, the affaire, and the end of each 
one could be lhe end of the 
.show. Hts.characters have no 
•history or off-stage existence; 
'They' are cyphers in farcical . 
mathematics, appearing on a. 
set (by BourdeC and Joel Pitte) 
-which issiraply-a-machine fbr- 
exits and entrances. Consist- 
ing of an upstage plate-glass • 
corridor, like ait empty shop 
window, flanked by mirrored 
doors (which slam like pistol 
shots), it is farce’s- answer to 
Peter Brook's empty space: a 
challenge to make something 
out of nothing. 

The final element, which 
also involves the fourth 
character of a narrator, is the 
play's language. Bourdet con- 
tributes -a whimsical pro- 
gramme-note of. his. exper- 
iences. of- fractured -French; 1 
and he has- composed his 
dialogue in “Saper-language" 
which may or may not owe its 
contortions to his. memories 
of Breton dialect, docklands, 
and the speeches of de Gaulle. 

I understood about 50 words 
of it. but I have an idea of how 
it works. “Souffrir d'amour- 
ance. est desagreeuse". the 
narrator says. Something 
starts by promising to make 

David Robinson 

conventional sense, and then 
spirals off into gibberish. 

Theatrically, the point of 
this device is evidently to 
•introduce a -verbal banana- 
skin into the erotic, equation. 
Who knows: Le Saperieau 
might have got it together with 
one of the girls. if he and they 
were - riot continuously dis- 
"appearmgmp'lheir own “syn- 
tax. If that is the theory, it fails 
to work out in the author's 
production. The cast may be 
speaking gibberish, but they 
deliver it with the voluble 
confidence of being perfectly 
understood; and. when they 
break down or come to blows, 
it is for the good old reasons of 
farcical mechanics. 

One mistress (Agnes Mallet) 
mimes her pregnancy and 
nursing her baby, whereupon 
the hero kicks it away like a 
football. Then there is the fine 
spectacle of the enraged Mile 
Mallet sinking her teeth into 
the rump of her rival (Fran- 
coise Benejam) so as to Irave a 
perfect dental print in lipstick. 
It is extremely well drilled and 
mildly amusing. But if the 
language adds anything to it. 
beyond pure nonsense, this is 
not the show for an inter- 
national festival. 

Irving Wardle 

Theatre in London 


King’s Head 

It is awfully late to be mount- 
ing a rock musical like Mar- 
low. as if Jack Good's Catch 
My Soul had never left the 
Round House and Jesus 
C ‘hrist Superstar was still a hot - 
ticket at (he Palace.. This new 
show, staged in the rough- 
timbered arena of the King's 
Head, to a book bv Leo Rost 
and music by Jimmy Horo- 
wiz. stars the mid-Sevcn lies 
rocker Steve Harley as Kit 
Marlowe, the mercurial, fire- 
brand dramatist whose atheis- 
tical Thctoric was thc;ialk of 
late Elizabethan London! 

- In this- hghl. anachronistic, 
comic-book version of his life? 

Marlowe is a radical hippy 
from the Woodstock era. a 
straight-talking. ■ anti-author- 
itarian left-over from the 
singalong idealism of shows 
like Hair. Harley does his best 
with the character, playing 
him with impartial gusto and 
whirling a fine black cape, but 
the script is a skeleton of 
cliches and the fortune-cookie 
lyricism of the score cannot 
focus the attention.. I knew I 
had enough very early in the 
evening, when square old 
Archbishop Parker led a com- 
pany of groovy Renaissance 
types in an upbeat, boom- 
bang-a-bang number called 
* Rocking the Boat". .. 

TheJjouncy.- energetic- rock 
musical, which took- ns central 
character- from folklore or 

history and turned him into a 
contemporary guru, always 
depended on the eager good- 
will of its audience. In the days 
of Godspeil and Jesus Christ 
Superstar rock had currency as 
the language of idealism, and 
its pacifist heroes could use 
the theatre as a cockpit for 
hippy communion. 

There was a stark, primitive 
impact in those pageants: but 
Marlowe is all camp pastiche, 
too knowing to be moving and 
too sentimental to be witty. 
The best performances come 
.from Seeia Indrani. who plays 
Shakespeare's sweet-voiced 
Dark Lady, and Martin 
George, whose Shakespeare is 
a strong, lyrical vagabond 
unafraid of emotion. 

Andrew Rissik 

penned, the extent to which 
Yoakam's style harks back to 
that of the original country 
greats may be gauged by the 
inclusion of songs by artists 
such as George Jones. Johnny 
Cash and Bill Monroe. Yet 
here he was, a huge stetson on 
his head, an acoustic guitar 
round his neck, playing to a 
packed rock audience. 

The riddle was i»iily solved 
by observing . his attitude, 
which was a sludicd exercise 
in rock and roll cool. He has 
the peiuleni young look of a 
James Dean, and speaks with 
(he incomprehensible diction 
of a Marion Brando, while his 
habit of turning A la Rod 
Stewaru and wiggling his 
tightly-jeancd bottom for the 
audience's delectation during 
the instrumental sections, was 
not the kind of mannerism 
associated with the traditional 
style of. Grand Old Opry 

His band, comprising .bass. I 
drams, guitar and fiddle, 
played with authentic Han. 
and J.D. Foster on bass 
contributed languid harmony 
vocals without seeming to 
move his lips. But. seeing 
them play this hard-core coun- 
tiy music with such earnest 
application. I could not help 
thinking of the comic excesses 
of Hank WangfoixL "It Won't 
Hurt" and "Heartachesby the 
Number” were so laden with 
extremes of pathos and sincer- 
ity that, few changes, if ’any., 
would have been required for 
either piece to . gam swift- 
admission to the lampooning 
Wangfbrd's "Hall of Pain". 
Yoakam may be the best "real 
country" revivalist around, 
but he needs to be taken with a 
pinch of salt as a budding star 
in the rather more cynical rock 

David Sinclair 

Tim HOUSE , L f<(/( i/co t Y/o?aa.-/b 'ca 


■From 1 September 86 

The Cast! 


Translator: Robert David MacDonald 
Designers: Ezio Frigerio franca Squarciapino 

Lyric Theatre Box0tfice i 

J King St. Hamrr.frrsmith W6 01-741 2311 

Labour policy 
bid to win 
‘green’ vote 

' By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

A new ministry of environ- among its neighbours for be- 
enial protection, with res- ing one of the worst polluters 
►risibilities ranging from in Europe of air and sea. 
illuiion control to the The document calls for 

mental protection, with res- 
ponsibilities ranging from 
pollution control to the 
administration of agricultural 
subsidies and wildlife 
conservation, is proposed by 
the Labour Party in a policy 
statement issued yesterday. 

The document described 
by Dr John Cunningham, 
Labour environment spokes- 
man. as the most substantial 
and radical agenda from any 
of the main parties, is an 
attempt to woo the so-called 
“green" vote before the next 
general election. 

The Council for the Protec- 
tion of Rural England said 
yesterday that it was “perhaps 
ihe most important signal yet 
that the environment has 
-arrived as a central political 
concern in Britain". 

But it will be viewed with 
dismay by farmers. land- 
owners and field sports enthu- 
siasts. since it envisages rates 
-on farm land and a ban on 
hunting with hounds and on 
hare coursing, although not on 
.shooting or fishing. 

Dr Cunningham said: “We 
need a fundamental change of 
emphasis on environmental 
policies in Britain.. We have 
massive problems domes-, 
tically: the inner cities, the 
public problems of derelict 
land, waste disposal, and the 
pollution of river basins and 

He said that Britain also 
bad “an appalling reputation" 

SDP’s law for unions 

" Continued from page 1 
document endorses the Gov- 
ernment's trade union legisla- 
tion on secret ballots before 
strikes, secondary action, 
picketing and the closed shop, 
though with some important 

For instance, it says a ballot 
must be demanded by at least 
10 per cent of a workforce 
before it becomes a legal 

It also says that people 
unconnected with a dispute 
should be allowed to join a 
picket line to demonstrate 
support for strikers. 

Dr Owen scorned the joinl 
Labour Party / TUC policy 


Cheap chic from Oxfam 

• - '■# v : 

The document calls for ! 
public ownership and control 
of the water industry, which 
until recently the Government , 
had hoped to privatize. 

U also seeks the mtroduc- 
liou of environmental consid- 
erations into economic and 
industrial strategy, more 
investment in environmental 
industries to create jobs, new ; 
safeguards for toxic and 
nuclear waste, and stricter ! 
pollution control 

The document also heralds 
a rating system for formers 
with a call for the cost of 
supporting rural services to be 
shared more equitably be- 
tween the fanning and non- 
forming community. 

The National Fanners* 
Union said that greater recog- 
nition of the need for a viable 
and competitive British agri- 
culture would have been more 
"helpful", and warned that the 
rating of agricultural land 
would threaten farm incomes. 

MrJohnGummer. Minister 
of State for Agriculture, said: 
“There's nothing green about 
Labour. Bashing formers and 
pushing up food prices is as 
red as it comes. Rating form 
land and slashing agricultural 
support means higher prices 
for the housewife and* less 
money for formers to spend oil 
conservation. It’s Labour's 
recipe for rural ruin." 

£ 130 thelot 33- 

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Oxfam collection: from left a black, red and gold cockteft dress; purple taffeta cocktail dress; black wrapover dress and antique silver bag; red po!y«ter 
coat over black white striped dress with black hat; trouser suit with polyester blouse and bowler; blue polyester dress. (Photograph: Graham Wood) 

statement on industrial rela- 
tions, saying that twenty-one 
of its pages were devoted to 
new rights for workers, but 
only one to new res- 

The document has been 
sent to the TUC, the CBI and 
individual unions in the hope 
of establishing a dialogue. 

But with TUC leaders now 
intent on burying past dif- 
ferences to smooth Mr Neil 
Kinnock's path to Downing 
Street, starting with a public 
display of unity at next week's 
conference in Brighton, the 
SDP recognizes that it has not 
chosen the best moment to try 
to forge a new deal. 

Dressing at Oxfam could be 
highly fashionable this au- 
tumn. The charity, whose 800 
shops put it among tbe 
country's top 10 retailers 
judged by outlets, held its first 
national fashion show yes- 
terday in Lund on (Robin 
Young writes). 

The show was done with 
carefully selected second-hand 
clothes from the shops* stocks 
of cast-oBs and misfits-They 
were chosen to show six 
colours which trade sources 
have advised Oxfam wQI be in 
vogue this antnmn — Mack, 
purple, red, royal bine, fuchsia 
and mustard. 

Many of the outfits dis- 
played cost less than £12 
complete. For example red 
cotton trousers at £6. worn 

with a wool and angora 
sweater, £3.50 and black bat at 
£ 2 . 

A cocktail dress could be as 
little as £12, a pure wool coat 
£16, a pair of trousers fairly 
fresh from Marks & Spencer 
£5, and a leather handbag for 
£2.25. The jewellery and 
accessories also came from 

A few of the items were 
period pieces — a 1940s black 
wool coat with padded sleeves 
and silk lining sporting a label 
from The White House, New 
Bond Street, was priced at£18. 

The six outfits in our pic- 
ture, with accessories, cost a 
total of £13045. 

Oxfam shops are tbe 
charity's biggest single scarce 
of income, netting £15 million 

last year. Second-hand cloth- 
ing is the most important 
element and Mr Jack Owen, 
tbe charity’s retail adviser, 
decided that tbe 25,000 volun- 
teers who regularly staff the 
shops should be given some 
guidance about which clothes 
to promote 

The dothes were displayed 
at the Kensington Rainbow by 
models from the Annaliza 
Model Agency in Brighton, 
the girls giving their services 
free for the day. Some of them 
bought goods on show them- 
selves before tbe rest were 
returned to die shops for sale 
to the puMk. 

Mr Frank Judd, Director of 
Oxfam, said that the event was 
in marked contrast to the 
charity's work in the frontline. 

Uneasy calm in Sowei 
after violent dashes 

Continued from page 1 

was thrown at them. Four 
policemen were injured. 

“The police dispersed 
groups of rioters in different 
places with tearsmoke, but the 
rioters disappeared between 
the houses and regrouped on 
several occasions. They also 
threw stones at the police. The 

Bureau, the police “found a 
group of youths hacking a 
private vehicle with a panga (a 
broad-bladed knife) and 
jumping on the car. The police 
fired at the group and four 
people died." 

It has been possible for both 
the local and foreign press to 
report the violence in Soweto 
fairly fully because two emer- 

uii^TT wih-jmi u ■ — - iainy ruuy oecausc cuici- 
police fired at the groups of ggney regulations, restricting 
rioters on different occa- access to “unrest areas” and 
sions,” the bureau said. prohibiting unauthorized re- 

rioters on different occa- 
sions." the bureau said. 

Eight people were shot dead 
in these clashes. In a later 
incident, according to the 

porting of police action, are in 
suspension, at least tem- 

up to RAF 

Continued from page 1 

that GEC can bring Nimrod 
up to standard. 

They are Boeing with its 
AW ACS. Grumman with a 
plan to instal in the Nimrod 
airframe electronic equipment 
from the E-2C Hawkeye AEW 
aircraft which is in service 
with die American Navy, and 
Lockheed which is offering the 
P-3 Orion with the same radar 
as Grumman uses. 

The competition is increas- 
ingly being seen as a contest 
between GEC and the Boeing 
AW ACS. One hurdle which 
GEC will have to overcome is 
that of scepticism in the RAF, 
who feel that the company has 
too often promised perfor- 
mance improvements which 
have failed to materialize. 

A major difference this time 
is that the company is already 
committed to the principle 
that if it is awarded a firm 
price contract to complete the 
job, it will have to meet the 
RAP's standards by an agreed 
date, or bear the additional 

The GEC bid to be allowed 
to continue with the Nimrod 
project is understood to envis- 
age three phases. They are a 
phase which would get three 
aircraft into service next year 
with an interim standard of 
performance: a second phase 
which would bring perfor- 
mance up to the full standards 
required by the RAF. and be 
in service during 1989, and a 
third phase which would 
incorporate long term 
improvements which would 
apply to any of the competing 

Mr John Palmer, Marketing 
Manager for the Airborne 
Systems Division at GEC 
Avionics, said that the solu- 
tions that had now been 
applied had been identified 
over a period of about two 
years, so that when in March 
the Ministry gave GEC a £50 
million six-month contract to 
demonstrate its solutions, the 
company knew exactly what it 
wanted to da 

The changes made include 
the installation of a new 
computer, new aerials, a 
modified transmitter and new 
equipment to eliminate clutter 
from the radar displays. 

f y 
-> 4L ? 



Today's events 

New exhibitions 
Prints by Manet; Walsall 
Museum and An Gallery. Cen- 
tral Library. Lichfield St; Mon 
to Fri 10 to 6. Sat 10 to 4.45 
(ends Sept 13). 

Exhibitions in progress 
Work by John Bellany: Scot- 
tish National Gallery of Modem 
Art. Belford Rd, Edinburgh: 
Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 to 5 
(ends Sept 21). 

Don’t Trust The Label: fakes, 
imitations and the real thing: 
Fcrens Art Gallery, Queen Vic- 
toria Sq. Hull: Mon to Sat 10 to 
5. Sun 2.30 to 4.30 (ends Sept 

Landscape watercolours by 
James Taylor (ends Sept 14); 
Paintings by Andrew Shutt 
(ends Sept 7);Towneley Hall Art 
Gallery. Burnley; Mon to Fri 10 
to 5.30. Sun 12 to 5. 

Paintings of the American 
South West by Dale Bratcher 

Doncaster. Museum and Art 
Gallery, Chequer Rd: Mon to 
Thurs and Sat 10 to 5. Sun 2 to 
5, dosed Fri (ends Sept 7). 

Engravings by Roland Topon 
The French Institute. 13 Ran- 
dolph Crescent. Edinburgh: 
Mon to Fri 9.30 to 1 and 2 to 
530 (ends Sept 12). 

Paintings by Jane Langley, 
ceramics by Sutton Taylor, 
photographs by James Ravi- 
lious; Oxford Gallery. 23 High 
St, Oxford: Mon to Sat 10 to 5 
(ends Sept 10). 

Marjan Honnozi: paintings 
and drawings: Newcastle Poly- 
technic Gallery. Library Build- 
ing. Sandyford Lane: Newcastle. 
Mon to Thurs 10 to 6. Fri and 
Sat 10 to 4 (ends Sept 5). 

Sculptures and drawings by 
Peter Burke: Portrait 80s: Brit- 
ish portraiture 1980-1985: Vic- 
toria Art Gallery. Bridge Sl 
B ath; Mon to Fri 10 to 6, Sat 10 
to 5 (ends Sept 6). 

The Danish Show; paintings 
and sculpture by eight Danish 
artists: Cartwright Hall. Lister 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,136 


1 Hobby may be seen as part 
of ibis pastime (4-S). 

8 Second type of coffee (7). 

9 Nothing in the garden area 
could be so dear (7). 

If Old language is hard on the 
ears (7). 

12 Flier coming in to Bognor to 
land (7). 

13 Composer's the final charac- 
ter in record (5). 

14 Endured no changes? That's 
rare (9). 

16 Law imprisons Parisian and 
Oscar, say (4). 

19 Weary expressions similar, 
we hear, to an extent (5). 

21 Living always with no end 
of Iasi? (7)- 

23 Refusal to speak in gag (7L 

24 Printers' measure gets news- 
paper editor angry (7). 

25 indistincL relative to hard 
centre (7). 

26 A creature or habit when it 
comes to drying (7-5). 


1 Kind relation set up res- 
taurants (7). 

2 Broadcast serial with East- 
Ender, down-to-earth type 

3 Campaign to expose un- 
orthodox women spellers (5- 

4 Unspeakable batsman upset 
over ducks (5). 

5 Composer, with hesitation, 
used to cany weapon (7). 

6 New-look songwriter (7). 

7 President gets horse in area 
round Boston (12). 

10 A long time, the age of 
stupidity? (7.5). 

15 Devious card-player from 
Mississippi etc. (4.5). 

17 Senior officer a Royal Ma- 
rine laid out (7). 

18 Honourable Conservative 
slogan (7). 

19 He can combine elements of 
a couple of painters (7). 

20 Silly people including a 
number of Italian citizens 

22 Deposit for a bouse (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17.135 

a B B W R H 


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3 n B E ia'PJI El 
sinuses izJSPSHdHn , 
a s g n e i? 

Concise Crossword page 8 

Park. Bradford: Tues to Sun 10 
to 6 (ends Sept 28). 

Maritime exhibition; James 
Dun House. Schoolhill. Aber- 
deen; Mon to Sat 10 to 5 (ends 
Oct 18). 

Caribbean Focus: photo- 
graphs of Caribbean working life 
by Roshini Kempadoo; Coal- 
ville Library. High St, Coalville; 
Mon to Fri 9.30 to 7, Sat 9.30 to 
4 (ends Sept 17). 

Watercolours by Hamish 
MacLachlan: New Gallery, 
Abele Tree House. 9 Fore St, 
Bodleigh Salterns. Devon; 
Tues to Sat 10 to 5 (ends Aug 

History* of Dudley Castle: 
archaeological finds, paintings 
and prints; An Gallery. St 
James's Rd. Dudley; Mon to Sat 
10 to 5 (ends Sept 20). 

Last chance to see 
Works by six contemporary 
potters; recent paintings by 
Marion McIntosh; Richard 
Demarco's Edinburgh: paint- 
ings; The Open Eye Gallery, 75 
Cumberland St, Edinburgh, 10 
to 6. 


Organ recital by Michael 
Kearley; Parish Church, Swan- 
age. 8. 

Organ recital by Michael 
Bonaventure; St Andrew's and 
Sl George's. George SL Edin- 
burgh. I. 

Concert by the Toronto Sym- 
phony Orchestra: Usher Hall. 
Edinburgh. 8. 


So lair and foul a day. by Peter 
Rodgers; Lake District National 
Park Visitor Centre. Brockhole. 
Windermere, 3.30. 


The Great Dorset Steam Fain 
steam engine rally, sideshows, 
market and auctions; Everley 
Hill. Stourpaine Bushes. Bland- 
i ford. Dorset, today and tomor- 
row 11 to 6. Sat II to 1 1. Sun 1 1 

! to 6. 

Poeuy workshop with Simon 
Mites: The Castle Museum. 
Nottingham. 10.30 to 4. 

Heraldry workshop: learning 
about heraldic symbols for 1 1 to 
! 13 years olds, with Mrs Anne 
Pcnnington-George: Doncaster 
I Museum and An Gallery. Che- , 
quer Rd, 10.30 and 2. 


The Midlands: M5: Con- 
traflow between junctions 4 
I Bromsgrove) and 5 I Droit- 
wichk M6s Contraflow between 
junctions 4A (M42) and 5 
I-V452). Warwickshire. 

Wales and the West M4: E 
and westbound carriageway clo- 
sures between junctions 37 
tPyle] and 40 {Port Talbot). A4: 
Roadworks on Bath Rd. Bristol, 
near Kensington Park Rd. 
A372: Temporary traffic lights S 
of Someilon. Somerset: care 

The North: Mfc Lane closures 
at junction 23 (Merseyside); no 
serious delays expected. M6I 
(Blaeow Bridge): Lefihand lane 
closures on N and southbound 
carriageways at Walton Sum- 
mit. Al: ’ Lane closures on 
southbound carriageway S Ot 
junction with A684 iLeemingl. 

Scotland: M8: Outside lane 
closed castbound between junc- 
tions 17 (AS2tand 15 (Glasgow 
city centre). M74: Northbound 
inside lane closed between junc- 
tions $ {4”l)and 7 <A?2). .470: 
Single line traffic with lights 4 
miles E of Ayr. 

Information supplied by AA 

| New books — paperback 

i ■ • — ■" " 

The Deputy Literary Edrtnr's selection of intere sti ng books pubflshed this 


The Satterton Trilogy, by Robertson Davies (Penguin. £5.95) 

The A e rody na mics of Pork, by Patrick Gale (Abacus. £3.95} 

Tive Roundabouts to H eav en , by John Bingham (Penguin. £3.5^ 

My Bones aid My Flute, by 
A window in Mrs X’s Place, 

H eav en , by John Bingham (Penguin. £3.E 
ite, by Edgar Mttte tbocer (Longman, £2.9 
Place, by Peter Cowan (Penguin, £2.95) 

A window in Mrs X’s Place, by Peter Cowan (Penguin. £2.95) 

The Grand Tour of Wltfiam B ocfc fa d, edited by Szabetti Mavor (Penguin. 

Denton Welch, The Making of a Writer, by Michael De-ta-Noy (Penguin, 

Alexander the Great, by Robin Lane Fox (Penguin, £5.95) 

The Scaiman Report, The Brixton Disorders 10-12 Aprs 1981 (Pefican, 

Youth and Alcohol Abuse: Readings and Resources, edited by Carte 
MartindeB Feisted (Oryx, £22.65) NS 


Births: Johann Wolfgang 
Goethe. Frankfurt am Main, 

1 749: Edward Bnnw-Jones. 
painter. Birmingham. 1833; 
George Whipple, pathologist, j 
Nobel laureate 1934, Ashland, 
New Hampshire, 1878; Peter 
Fraser, Prime Minister of New 
Zealand. 1940-49, Feam, Ross 
and Cromany. 1 884. 

Deaths: Saint Angnstine of 
Hippo. Hippo (Annaba, Algeria) 
430: Leigh Hint. London. 1 859. 

Today is the Feast of Saint 
Augustine, one of the four Latin 
Fathers. He was bom of a pagan 
father and Christian mother - 
Saint Monica. His writings, 
Confessions. De Trinitoie and 
De Cnitotc Dei are among the 
most influential in Christian 

Travel information 

British Telecom's pre-re- 
corded Traveline service gives 
regularly updated information 
on travel in Britain and on the 
Continent, including details of 
weather conditions, strikes or 
other problems likely to affect 
travellers. Rail: 01-246 8030; 
Road (including coach services): 
01-246 8031: Sea: 01-246 8032. 

Puffin Readathon 

The Puffin Readathon ’86, a 
national sponsored reading 
week for children, takes place 
from October 4-11 during Na- 
tional Children's Bookweek. 

Originally a schools only 
event it aims to encourage more 
children to get into the habit of 
reading and to raise money for 
the Malcolm Sargent Cancer 
Fund. Sponsorship forms can be 
obtained from branches of W H 
Smith from the end of this 
month. A list all the bookshops 
taking pan in the Readathon 
can be obtained from Puffin 
Readathon, 27 Wrights Lane, 
London. W8 5TZ (enclose 

Outer London guide 

A guide for Londoners and 
visitors who want to explore 
outer London has been pro- 
duced by the London Visitor 
and Convention Bureau, for- 
merly the London Tourist 

Exploring Outer London is 
available from LVCB's sales 
department. 26 Grosvenor Gar- 
dens. London. SWIW ODU. 
price £1.75 (£2-25 by post). 

nm« Portfolio Odd rules are as 


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A deep depression will 
remain slow moving in the 
North Sea, maintaining a 
cool NW airflow over the 
British Isles. 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, central S, central N 
England, MkBands, Channel is- 
lands: Sunny intervals, scattered 
showers; wind NW moderate, lo- 
cally fresh; max temp 17C (63 F). 

East Angfia. E England: Cloudy 
with occasional rain near coasts, 
brighter and drier inland; wind NW 
fresh or strong; max temp 17C 

SW, NW England. Wales. Lake 
District, tele of Man, SW Scotland, 
Glasgow. Sunny intervals and 
showers: wind NW fresh locally 
strong; max 17C (63F). 

NE England, Borders, Edinburgh, 
Dundee, Aberdeen, Moray Ftrth, 
NE Scotland, Orkney, Shetland: 
Rather cloudy, with showers or 
outbreaks of rain, some brighter 
intervals; wind N stro ng, loc ally gate 
force; max temp 14C (57F). 

Central Highlands. Argyll, NW 
Scotland, Northern Ireland; Sunny 
intervals and blustery showers. 
Wind northerly strong. Cool max 13 

Outlook for tomorrow and Sat- 
urday: Sunny intervals and show- 
ers. On Saturday the showers wii 
mostly die out in S areas. 

Son rises: Sunsets: 
6.06 am 757 pm 

4J»pm 11.15 pn 
Now moon: September 4 

Lightuig-np time 

London B27 pm to 538 am 
Bffstol &36 pm to 5.48 am 
Edinburgh 8.4(3 pm to 5.41 am 
Manchester 839 pm lo 5.42 am 
Penzance 8.46 pm to 6J2 am 

NOON TODAY Itoom a shown in mflBIxn FRONTS Worn 


Temperatures at midday yesterday: c. 
cloud; t. far. r. ran: 3. sun. 


Belfast c 14 57 Ouemaay M457 
BVmghem c 15 59 bwarpaM f 14 57 
Black pool 114 57 Jersey c 1661 
Bristol s 1559 London c T559 
Cardiff M3 55 ITncbster 1 14 57 
Edinburgh M559 Newcastle r 11 52 
Glasgow 1 14 57 B* nMsway 11355 

The pound 

Austrsfie 5 
Austria Sch 
Belgium Fr 
Den ma r k Kr 
Fiance Fr 
Germany Dm 

Yugoslavia Dnr 

Rates tar small den om in a t ion bonk notes 
only as supphed by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and other foreign aarency 

detail Price Mete 3S«J 

London: The FT Mdex O06M up 39 at 

1906. Primed by London Pom iPrini- 


“ - nw * ,atwr 

■ i * .■ .Hi- -s 


High Tides 

MHue sky: be -blue sky and cloud: c- 
doudy. o-ovprcasl- f fog; d-drtzzte: iv 
had: misi-mist. r-raln; s-snow: ui- 
triundcratorm. (Mhowm. 

Arrows show wind direction, wind 
speed imphi circled. T emper atu re 






London Bridge 






7 M 































1 leniiifh 
























9.1 f 






































































Around Britain 

Sun Rain 



hrs m 

C F 

hrs in 

C F 

Scatters x 125 

Bntflmgtoo 02 1LM 
Cromer - 1.19 

Lowestoft • 57 

Clacton 03 36 

Ma r ga te x .61 







U Metanp h i 


TefTunouth 0.4 .43 

Torquay - Z7 

Falmouth . .75 

P en za nce - .06 

Jersey 06 10 

Guernsey - .11 

ScWy Isles 20 

Newquay - .02 

14 57 tain 

14 57 showers 
.14 57 cloudy 

15 59 showers 

16 61 showers 
16 61 showers 

15 59 gale 

16 61 gale 

16 61 ram 

15 59 cloudy 

17 63 ran 
17 63 Cloudy 
17 63 showers 

x x cloudy 

16 61 dun 

Hba co ab P x .62 

Tenby - .87 

CoheynBay -1.73 

Uurnuainte 1 4 .60 
Douglas 1.B 1.11 

London - .66 

BTwm Airpt -1.46 

Bristol (CM) 03 37 
Cardiff (CM) 2.7 .09 
Anglesey - 1.26 

B*pool Airpt 0.6 1 39 
Manchester - 134 

Nottingham - 203 

. N'ctHFTyne - 259 
CarBate 0.4 3S 

Eskdatemuir 0.6 1 -08 
Prestwick 03 C2 
Glasgow 22 .02 
Tuee 6.7 

Stornoway 78 .02 
Lerwick 9.6 .08 
Wick 6.6 .03 

KMoss 22 .07 
Aberdeen 19 
SL Andre w s I B 
E ditdMH h 1-5 .14 

Belfast x 

These are Tuesdays figures 


MIDDAY: c. dote): <L drizzle: t. fair fg, tag: r. ram; s. sum sn. snow; L thunder. 


AJsccta f 27 81 Cologne e 15 59 Majorca I 39 83 Nome 1 28 82 

Akratat s 30 86 Cptegn c 17 63 Maim’ s 35 SS Salzburg c 13 55 

AJex'dria f 29 84 Corfu s 29 84 Mafta s 31 88 S Frisco* c 18 64 

Algiers s 33 91 DuMn c 11 52 MoWrae e 16 61 Santiago- s 20 68 

Amsrdm c 13 55 Dubrovn ik s 25 79 ifletacoC* c 19 66 SPauto* 

fltfrens s 31 6S Fare 

Babreei s 37 99 Florence 

Baitads' Frankfurt 

Barcebia f 24 75 Funchal f 26 79 Moscow 

Beirut Oman f 17 83 Munich 

Belgrade $ 29 B4 GRmRar a 2S 82 Nabob! 

Baffin e 19 66 HsWnfci e 11 52 Naplas 

Bermuda* t 29 84 Hong K S 33 91 NNN 

Biarritz c 19 66 Intnbrek c 14 57 N Y«k* 

Borde’x c 19 66 Istantel f Z7 81 Wee 

Bourne* c U 57 Jeddah s 38 97 Osta 

Brussels f 16 61 Jotnra* s 25 77 Paris 

Budapst f 25 77 Karachi f 29 B4 Pefctag 

B Aires- s 17 S3 LPafcaaa s 26 82 Perth 

Cairo s 34 93 Usteo s 23 73 Pagtw 

CapeTn e 15 59 Locarno e 21 70 RefyvOe 

(Tblanca s 24 75 L Angels* s 21 70 Rbodes 

Chicago* I 28 82 Uoeemtig c 12 54 no da J 

CtJ'church i 7 45 Msdnd s 25 77 Rtyadb 

s 22 72 Mamr 
t 24 75 Man 

s 32 SO Seoul 
f 22 72 Skm> 

Frankfurt c 16 61 MontraaT 3 23 73 

c 23 73 
c 22 72 
f 28 82 
e 12 54 

B Aires' 
Cape Tn 

-denotes Tuesday's figures are tetaatavatebie 

0 16 61 SMb’rg e 16 81 
e 14 57 Sydney s 18 64 
e 22 72 Tangier c 24 75 
f 29 84 Tel-Wiv* s 31 88 

5 32 90 Tenerife s 25 77 

Tokyo s 31 88 
s 27 81 Toronto* f 26 79 
r 9 48 Turfs s 33 91 

1 16 61 Valencia f 27 81 

6 31 88 VsncVtr* s 23 73 
c 18 61 Venice c 23 73 
1 16 61 Vienna r 16 61 
s 10 50 tVareew c 22 72 
s 29 84 Wash-ton’ s 28 82 
r 24 75 Wermon l 8 46 
f 45113 Ziatcii c 14 57 

1 ,0 

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business and finance 



17 ■ 


Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

STOCK market 

FT 30 Share 
1280.5 (+3.9) 
ft-se 100 
1629.8 (+13.6) 


US Dollar 
1.4840 (-0.0035) 

W German marie 
3.0355 (-0.0102) 
71.2 (+0.1) 

Meggitt set 
for victory 

Meggitt Holdings has 
moved within a whisker of 
succeeding in its contested £88 
million bid for its rival en- 
gineering group BestobelL 
Meggm’s bankers. NM Roth- 
schild, announced last night 
that it had secured accep- 
tances for 49.51 per cent of 
BestobeU’s shares, including 
the 28.98 per cent stake 
pledged by the BTR Group. 

Most of the accepting 
shareholders have plumped 
for the four-for-one share 
swap offer and Rothschild is 
not extending the 500p cash 
alternative beyond 3pm to- 
morrow, the second closing 
date for the offer. Sources at 
the bank are confident of 

Pearl profits 

Pearl Assurance more than 
doubled its interim profits to 
£9.4 million for the six 
months to June 30 compared 
with £4.2 million last year. 
The dividend was increased 
by 15 per cent to 17Jp. 

Tempos, page 18 

Weir up 10% 

War Group, the Glasgow 
engineering company.- - an- 
nounced interim pretax prof- 
its up 10 per cent to £4.2 
million for the 26 weeks to 
J unc 27, on turnover up 1 1 per. 
com- to £75 million. The 
dividend was raised by 0-25p‘ 
to Ip net 

Marley rises . 

Maitey, the building prod— ) 
ucts manufacturer, yesterday 
reported pretax profits for the 
first half of this year of £9.7 
million compared to £7.4 
million in the same period last 
year. Turnover fell 9 per cent 
from £295 million to £268 
million. Tbe interim dividend 
was maintained at 1.4p. 

Tempos, page 18 

Ward expands 

Ward While plans to open 
about 70 stores, including 
relocations, this year and next, 
Mr Philip Birch, chairman, 
said. Further expansion would 
come from acquisitions. 

BP sells plant 

BP is 

tosell a polyethylene plant to 
China Petrochemicals Inter- 
national. The plant, with an 
annual production capacity of 
60,000 tonnes, will be at 
Lanzhou, north west China. 

83.5% say yes 

Northern Foods has de- 
clared its offer for Maybew 
Foods wholly unconditional 
after receiving acceptances for 
83.5 per cent of the shares. 
The partial cash alternative 
closes on September 9. 

WiD Street 18 
Prop lj 

Tempos 18 

News 18.19 
CoBmeor 19 
Stock Market 19 

Foreign Excfa 19 
Traded Opts 19 
Moaey Mrkts 19 
Unit Trusts 28 
Gomnmfities 28 

USM Prices 20 
Short PITS 21 


Mr Ron Brieriey, the New 
Zealand ' entrepreneur and 
investor, yesterday launched a 
bold £258 million all-cash 
takeover offer for Ocean 
Transport and Trading, the 
shipping, transport and ser- 
vices group in which he has 
already built up a stake of 9.8 
per cent.- - 

Mr Brieriey said be was 
offering shareholders a choice 
between what he described as 
a very full cash price for their 
shares or staying with OTT as 
it continued its diversification 
programme' away from ship- 

“The company is clearly at 
the crossroads in terms of 
wj til drawing largely from 
shipping and dearly indicat- 
ing its intentions to go in new 
directions,” he said. 

OTT rejected the approach, 
saying it was made at little 
more than the market price 
and was “totally without merit 
and completely un- 

It promised a full response 
after- seeing the formal offer 

The bid is made through 
IEL (UK), the British arm of 
Mr Brieriey’s £1.5 billion 
investment empire. Mr 
Brieriey admitted it was un- 

ByRicfaard Lander 

nsual that he had not yet 
appointed a merchant bank, 
but said there was no problem 
in finding one. Formal docu- 
ments would be posted within 
four weeks. 

The offer price of 225p a 
share was quickly surpassed in 
the market, where OTT shares 
gained 17pto 235p, increasing 
the value df Mr Brieriey’s 
stake by £1.9 million. The 
jump prompted analysts to 
believe Mr Brieriey wiH have 
to raise his offer to succeed. 

- Mr Dan White, shipping 
and transport analyst at 
County Securities, said: “This 
bid is a sighting shot and an 
attempt to flush out other 
potential bidders” He added 
that the present bid price was. 
equivalent to a relatively low 
price-earnings multiple of 1 1 3. 
based on prospects for this 

Mr Brieriey said he was 
serious in his intentions for 
OTT and did not intend to sell 
out to a higher counterbidder 
for a profit of perhaps £5 
million. He thought a rival 
offering 250p would be very 
unlikely. “We would have to 
consider the situation when it 
arose,” he said. 

A takeover of OTT would 
relieve the management of 

pressure to diversify through 
cash and paper acquisitions, 
the results of which so far had 
not been very satisfactory. 

OTT still has about £65 
million in cash after selling its 
33 per cent of the Overseas 
Containers shipping company 
to P&O for £92 mini on in 
May. It simultaneously paid 
P&O £14 ntiQion for the 
remaining half of Fanocean 
Storage and Transport, a bulk 
liquid storage group and the 
following month expanded its 
airfreight forwarding business 
by acquiring the i n terests of 
Jardine Matheson for approxi- 
mately the same price. 

Yesterday, Mr Brieriey said 
he was sure OTT was looking 
to bid for Hargreaves, the oral 
_ and oil trading group now the 
subject of an unwelcome £80 
million offer from Coalite. He 
made it a condition of the bid 
that OTT shareholders do not 
approve tbe issue of new paper 
to pay for acquisitions. 

If his bid is succesfhl, Mr 
Brieriey said he would leave 
OTTs management in place 
but hoped that some of the 
group's transport operations 
could be integrated with Tozer 
Kemsley & Millbount, in 
which he has a 50.1 per cent 

Record exports 
help to narrow 
trade deficit 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Ron Brieriey: does not expect a higher rival offer for OTT 

Bowler parade: Nick Verey, 
director, TSB^-Sir John Bead, < 

TSB forecasts 14% profit 
and sets launch date 

The Trustee Savings Bank 
expects pretax profits to rise 
by 14 per cent to £193 million 
for the year to November 20, 
according to forecasts made in 
its “pathfinder” prospectus 

The prospectus confirmed 
expectations that the issue 
-would go ahead on September 
12, with dealing on the stock 
marker likely to begin on 
October 8. 

According to a preliminary 
schedule, all applications for 
shares must be received by 
10am on September 24. The 
basis of allocation will be 
announced on September 29 
and letters of acceptance will 
be sent on October 7. 

The profit, forecast was 
made -without including in- 
terest from the proceeds of the 
share issue, half of which will 
be received by the end of next 
month. The full prospectus, 
due to be published on 
September 16, wifi give a frill 
profit forecast with tbe in- 
terest included. 

But the pathfinder prospec- 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

tus also included pro forma 
profit- forecasts for this year, 
assuming the bank had re- 
ceived the share issue pro- 
ceeds at the start of the year. 
Assuming tbe proceeds were 
£1 billion, total pretax profits 
would have been £277 

If tbe proceeds were £1.25 
billion, profits would have 
amounted to £301 million and 
if the proceeds were £1.5 
bilfipb, profits would have 
been £326 million. 

Mr Duncan Gegg, a direc- 
tor of Lazaid Brothers, the 
merchant bank handling the 
issue, said that the amount 
raised would depend partly on 
what prospective price/eam- 
mgs multiple tbe issue was 

Proceeds off I billion would 
imply a p/e of 6.4 times, while 
proceeds of £1.5 billion im- 
plies a multiple of 8 times. 

-Mr Clegg added that the 
offer price would ensure a 
dividend yield of at least 5.5 
per cent. The first dividend 
will be oaid next March. 

Mr Derek Steven, TSB 
Group finance director, said 
the proceeds of the issue 
would be used to boost the 
group's existing business. 

It will also be used to 
increase the range of services, 
including the possibility of 
acquisitions. Until ft is used 
the new capital will be in- 
vested on the money markets. 

The issue is partly paid, 
-with the second instalment 
due a year after tbe issue. It 
includes a free one-for-ten 
share loyalty bonus, and an 
offer of free shares to qualify- 
ing employees. 

Sedgwick to seek 
£186m for US buy 

Sedgwick Group, 
largest insurance broker, is to 
expand its US interests with 
the $307 million (£207 mil- 
lion) acquisition of the Crump 
Companies, the eighth-biggest 
company in the American 
brolang industry. The pur- 
chase is to be financed hugriy 
by a £186 million rights issue. 

Mr Caret Mosselmans, 
Sedgwick's chairman, said the 
acquisition would increase the 
group's volume and geo- 
graphical spread in tbe US, 
complementing the coverage 
of the Fred S James group, 
which Sedgwick acquired last 
year for £540 million. 

He said Crump, an over- 
the-counter market company 
based in Memphis, Tennessee, - 
operated in the southern, and 
western- region of the -US, 
covering the same type, of 
mediumrsized industrial busi- 
ness dealt with by James in the 
Mid-West ■ 

The company earned Si 1.8 
million last year, using 
Sedgwick’s accounting poli- 
cies, on revenues of S98 
million, and has had com- 
pound .earnings growth of 60 
percent since 1981. Sedgwick 
already has the backing of 
shareholders controlling 38 
per cent of the votes in 
Crump. . _ . 

It is Sedgwick’s second take- 
over in the US this month. 
Two weeks ago, it paid $32.5 
million for Armistead, a pri- 
vate broker also based in 
Tennessee. Earlier this year, ft 
held extensive takeover talks 

By Our City Staff 

Britain's with Bayly Martin & Fay, a 
Texan broker, but these nego- 
tiations broke down in April. 
The acquisition will slightly 

Britain's trade deficit nar- 
rowed to £588 million in July 
from £623 milli on in June as 
exports rose. But the current 
account surplus declined to 
£12 million from £77 million 
because of a smaller surplus 
on invisible items of trade. 

The trade deficit of £588 
million was at the optimistic 
end of City expectations. Ex- 
ports rose by £174 million to 
£5.99 billion, while imports 
increased by £128 million to 
£6.58 billion. 

The volume of exports, up 
by 4.4 percent last month, was 
a record. Imports also rose 
strongly, volume rising by 32 
per cent to the highest level 
since October, 1984. 

The cumulative current ac- 
count surplus for the first 
seven months of the year was 
£1.096 billion, compared with 
the Treasury’s Budget forecast 
of a £3.5 billion surplus for the 
year as a whole. 

Officials conceded that the 
forecast appears to be out of 
lineu but they said that no new 
projections would be made 
public until the Chancellor’s 
autumn statement in 

The July figures left open 
the question of whether the 
balance of payments is about 

to deteriorate rapidly, as re- 
cent forecasts have suggested. 
Tbe volume of non-oil ex- 
ports, excluding erratic items, 
rose by 3^ per cent in the 
May-July period, compared 
with the previous three 

But non-oil imports were 
also up strongly, rising by 4 
per cent in the latest three- 
month period. 

The balance of trade in oil 
stabilized, with last month’s 
surplus of £281 million virtu- 
ally unchanged on the June 
figure of £279 million. Both 
exports and imports of ofl rose 
last month. 

The surplus on oil trade, 
which totalled £8.16 billion 
last year, was £2.94 trillion in 
the first seven months of this, 
year. The indications are that 
it will come out at just over 
half last year’s level. 

The estimated monthly sur- 
plus on invisibles — services, 
transfers, interest, profit and 
dividends — has been revised 
downwards to £600 million 
for the third quarter, com- 
pared with £700 million in the 
second. This is because of an 
increase in net contributions 
to the European Economic 

increase the North American 
dement of Sedgwick's profits, 
which stood at 36.5 per centin 
the interim results, also an- 
nounced yesterday. Mr Moss- 
elmans said Crump would 
also generate business for the 
group in London. 

Yesterday's results showed 
that Sedgwick's pretax profits 
for the first half of this year 
rose from £78.1 million to 
£92.6 million as revenue in- 
creased by 10 per cent to £330 

.- The interim dividend^ was 
raised from 3.25p to 4p._Mr 
- Mosselmans - raid . premium 
rates had : increased^ albeit 
patchily, outside the USl 
C apacity shortages bad hin- 
dered growth, while intense 
-competition' and . reduced 
commission rates Tiaff also 
made life more difficult within 
the US. 

The rights issue to fund the 
Crump acquisition is being 
made on a one-for-six basis at 
315p — an 8.7 per cent 
discount to the market price 
after Sedgwick shares fell 28p 
to 345 yesterday. The Trans- 
acted ca Group, which ob- 
tained a 39 per cent stake in 
Sedgwick after ft sold James 
last year, is subscribing in full 
for Its entitlement to bodrfufl 
voting ordinaries and limited 
voting A shares, while the 
remaining 61 per cent of the 
issue has been underwritten 
by NM Rothschild. 



Broad Street placing 
values group at £9.8m 

By Teresa Poole 

Broad Street Associates, the 
<Tity public, relations and 
advertising group which- is 
going public through the re- 
verse takeover of Standee, a 
USM quoted heating equip- 
ment company, yesterday 
placed 234 million shares af 
43p in the new company, 
putting a value of £9.8 million 
on the combined group. 

The shares have been sold 
by directors and management 
of BSA and Standee. No new 
money is being- raised by the 
group, which has been re- 
named the Broad Street 

' Mr Brian Basham has sold 
1.05 million shares but retains 
a 43 percent holding while Mr 
Michael Preston has sold 
351,000 shares to be left with 

BT chief to step down 

Sir George Jefferson is to 
gjve'up up his position as chief 
executive of British Telecom 
on October I. But he will 
remain -chairman. 

Mr Iain Vallance, chief of 
operations, is to become chief 

Mr Graeme Odgers, who 

takes up his appointment as 
deputy chairman on October 
1, -wifl also become chief 
finance officer. 

Mr Douglas- Perryman, the 
company^ corporate finance 
director, is to move to the new 
post of corporate commercial 

Williams in £58. 4m 
agreed bid for LMI 

By Onr City Staff 

Williams Holdings, the On Tuesday Williams am 


acquisitive industrial 
conglomerate, yesterday 
nounced terms for an 
£58.4 million takeover i 
don & Midland Industrials, an 
industrial holding company 
with interests in engineering 
and consumer products. 

The deal comes three 
months after Williams’s 
successful £80 million agreed 
bid for Du port, the metals and 
plastics manufacturer. But Mr 
Brian McGowan, managing 
director of Williams, said the 
reorganization at Duport 
would be finished by tbe time 
the LMI deal was completed. 

nounced more than doubled 
>fits of £5.5 million for the 
half of 1986. 

If the LMI bid is successful, 
Williams will be valued at 
about £350 million, compared 
with £50 million a year ago 
and £300,000 when Mr 
McGowan and Mr Nigel 
Rudd, the chairman, took 
over five years ago. 

Williams is offering 24 
shares for every 67 LMI 
shares, worth 229p, or 218.5p 
in cash. There is also a partial 
alternative of convertible 
shares. LMI gained 4pto 225p 
and Williams fell 10pto640p. 



BS5SS. 1397.78 HW 

JSSS Dow _ 1850127 (-13726) 


KSSSsnk— 2104.8 (+14.1) 

General - 

P aris GAC 4109 ( 

IS^neral 53020 (same) 

London closing prices 



Snomti cOgibte 
buying rate 


£ DM3.0365 
£: SwFrfL4404 

-£■ FR9.9280 
£ Yen229.5Q 

New Yodc 
fc $1.4840\ 

S; Index: 110.8 

ECU £0.689883 
SDR £0.816968 



Glaxo — 

May & Hassel — 


J Jarvis — 

Smiths industries 

Amec — 


„ 1040p 


. 278p 

. 281 p 




DJ Alarms 

.. 470p 









Wffllams Holdtogs — ■ 
weir Group 

Taylor Woodrow 
Dawson IntnL — 

Sedgwick Group 

WBfls Faber 




346p -Z7pl 



London Fixing: 

AM $377.81 

dose $380. 





4.65 ) 

Blue Circle chief hits out 
at ‘unfair’ Greek imports 

Sir John Mihe, the Chafr- 
man af Bine Circle Industries, 
Britain’s biggest cement 
manofactitrer with 57 per cent 
of the market share, spoke out 
yesterday on Greek cement 
imports. ..While be did not 
Haim to hare the right to 

into the UK. be felt foe Greeks 
w&e competing unfairly. 

At present, there are float- 

LiverpooL, thought to contahi 
Greek cement for import at 
very competitive prices. 

The Greek cement industry 
is, according to Sir John, In 
seme fipy*** 8 * difficulties- It 
is, he says, buoyed np by the 
Greek government which pro- 
vides energy subsidies. la 
addition, it receives EEC sub- 
sidies, which encourage ft to 
sell in the export market. 
Because of these advantages 
he believes they cannot be 
regarded . as operating 

Sr John was speaking ad a 

By Alexandra Jackson 

press conference after the 
announcement of the group’s 
results for the she months to 
die end of Jane. Last year’s 
interim figures were restated 
to reflect foe change to average 
exchange rates. O ' tins basis, 
pretax profits fell from £523 
million to £423 millioa. 

Currency movements in the 
USA and Anstrafia were 
Mamed for a £7J million 
shortfall Turnover rose 17 per 
cent to £5173 mflfiou, with the 
dividend unchanged at 6p. 

Blue Circle is experiencing 
diffira lf fimw! In tibt fiHtf hftn. 

of 1986, the company sold 3.7 
million tonnes of cement in 
Britain hot foiled to make a 

Even talting into account an 
exceptional cost of £43 mil- 
lion to cover redundancies and 
poor demand because of the 
bad weather, these results 
were well below expectations. 
The company hopes to im- 
prove in foe UK in the second 


haft perhaps matching 
year’s levels. 

The cement industry has 
already 'deferred this 
Sommer's planned price rise. 
However, lower energy costs 
should be forthcomi ng pend- 
ing negotiations with British 

Overseas, markets, apart 
from foe US and Australia 
witch are doing well in focal 
currency terms, are stiD vol- 
atile. Tbe group is benefitting 
from the strategy of investing 
in the more stable American 

Blue Circle expects to bene- 
fit from modernized plants at 
Cakfon ami Dunbar in the 
second half. Commissioning 

costs in foe first half ran to 
about £2 million, while farther 
costs from redundancies are 
still to come. Overseas resofts 
will depend largely on cur- 
rency movements. 

Bine Circle’s shares M 

yesterday from 553p to 535p. 

Runaway house prices. 

The Belgravia mortgage. 

A typical example at 10.75%, APR 1142%. 

A mao of 29 and his wife, 24, borrow £50,000 
(Mr 25 yeen wifa an endowmem inantance 
poEcy on a boose vainad at STOjOOQ. 

Gross mcwth}yp«yniatt(toasttt) £ 447.92 

Net monthly payment £ 369.98 

Ufc assurance premium ’ £ 64.50 

Tbtal monthly payment £ 434=48 

London prices axe 20% higher than a year ago. 

Hie South-East’s have gone up 16.1%. Across Britain 
prices are up 11%. 

So you’ll be delighted with three new mortgages for people 
wanting £50,000 (or a great deal more). 

Belgravia is a unique new ‘cap and collar' mortgage. 
Belgravia rates go up and down 
with national levels, but with this 

For the first 5 years, you get 
guaranteed maximum and 
jminirnumjrates. Currently, these 
are 11% and 8.5%. 

- - The new Kmghtsbridge 
mortgage has a fixed rate for the 
first fiveyeais. 

And Kensindtnn is Itrikeri to 
the UK Money Market rate. 

If you’ve already borrowed £50,000, or more, it’s worth 

a call to see if one of these three new mortgages would be better 

than the one you’ve got 

If you don’t need as much as £50,000, remember we’re 
Britain’s biggest independent mortgage specialists. 

Of the hundreds of mortgages on offer, we can help you 
get the one thafs just right for you and your property. 

Cali us for details or written quotations for Belgravia, 
Kensington and Knightsbridge, or any other mortgages on 
(01) 589-7080. Just ask for mortgage enquiries. 

_ 25 years £ 85,076.00 

‘Bxal amount payable ewer 2$ yens £13&344 jQ 0 
Less policy proceeds £ 85.076.00 

Tbtalchaigp for credit £ 4&268AO 

Mercury House, 195 Knightsbridge, London SW7 IRE. 


-14 per cent, 
shares. Dealings are. 
to start on Tuesday. Tbe two 
men founded the public rela- 
tions company in 1977. 

Broad Street has forecast 
profits of not less than 
1,000 for -the year to the 
end of October, compared 
with £242,000 last year, and 
will pay a dividend of Up this 

No acquisitions are being 
discussed, but Broad Street 
intends to expand its main- 
stream PR and advertising 
businesses. BSA has been 
involved m many of the major 
bid battles recently, including 
handling the' campaigns for 
United Biscuits and Argyll. 

I i 



duoLlScoS Ai>l) 



Record for Dow as oils 
lead market higher 

New York (Renter) — 
Shares went abend yesterday 
morning, with the Dow Jones 
industrial average rising 6-89 
points to a record L911.14 in 
active trading. 

Analysts said that the mar- 
ket was bonding on the mo- 
mentum of (be soaring prices 
OP Tuesday, when the indus- 
trial average leapt by 32*48 

In the first hour of trading 
yesterday the transportation 
index was np by 7.75 to 781.75 

and the utilities index 0.17 to 

Oil stocks, which provided 
much of the impetus on Tues- 
day, contmsed to propel the 
market higher. Technology 
issues also showed 
condiderahle strength. 

IBM gained % to 141%i and 
Gonld rose % to 22. 

The advancing issues led 
the decfining ones by seven to 

The previous record for the 
industrial average — 1909.03 
— was set on July 2. 







24 SS 







41 ft 





Phelps Dgs 



AIM Signal 


Pstlnt Bhcp 







Ailed Sirs 

51 X 





















PPG ted 






OAF Corp 









Gib Corp 






Am Brands 



Gen Corp 






Am Can 



Gen Cy mes 











fkxAwe* tni 





Gan Ins 


21 % 

Royal Dutch 



Am Express 


64 ft 

Gen MMs 





Am Home 



Gen Motors 





Am Motors 

2 ft 



















Georgia Pae 



Scott Paper 











Aimeo Stool 

















Ashland CM 

















Avon Prods 



Gt AnSTac 
























Bkof Bsion 


GulfS West 





Bank at NY 



Heinz HJ. 



61 % 


Beth Steal 















Sun Comp 






IC teas 













Bg Warner 



Intend Steel 





Boat Myers 





Texas E Cor 











Button Ind 






Texas Utlte 






Ira Paper 

















frying Bank 



TRW tec 



Can Pacific 



jrmsnS Jhn 



UAL Inc 









Unilever NV 




225 ft 

21 B 

Karr McGee 



UO Carbide 



Central SW 



Kmh'fy QrX 



Un PacGar 






K Mart 



UW Brands 



Chase Man 























USX Corp 













Lucky Sirs 






Clark Equip 








Coca Cola 






Wefts Fargo 














Marine Mid 













Cmb tnEng 
Comwttti Ed 














Xerox Core 



Cons Eds 









Cn Nat Gas 






Cons Power 









MlnstH Mng 



Coming Gl 
CPC ted 





Mobil Or 







29 ft 

Morgan J J 3 . 












Aten Alum 



Dart & Kraft 















Can Pacific 



Delta Air 









Detroit Ed 



Nat Mad Era 






Digital Eq 










Dow Cham 

44 ft 


Norfolk Sth 














Dresser Ind 











Dt*e Power 
















Eastern Air 










Estm Kodak 



PacGas 0 





Eaton Core 
Emerson B 



Pan Am 



Thmsn N 'A' 





Penney J.C. 






Exxon Corp 








Fed Dot Sts 










Hillsdown to pay £14m 
for May & Hassell 

Hillsdown Holdings, the 
fast-growing food and fur- 
niture group, yesterday an- 
nounced an agreed £]4.2 
million hid for May & Hassell, 
the lossmaking timber 

Irrevocable undertakings to 
accept have been made by 
shareholders owning 46 per 
cent of May & Hassell, includ- 
ing the near 30 percent owned 
by the Alley family, headed by 
Mr Peter Adey, the chief 

Hillsdown also owns a fur- 
ther i.S percent of the shares. 

Hillsdown already has a 
profitable £30 million busi- 
ness importing and distribut- 

By Teresa Poole 

ing chipboard and plywood, 
and the acquisition will ex- 
tend its range of timber prod- 
ucts into softwoods. 

Mr John Jackson. 
Hilisdown's finance director, 
said that May & Hassell's 40 
distribution depots would also 
help to ease distribution flow 
problems at Hillsdown, where 
the timber is channelled 
through just four depots. - 

May & Hassell made pretax 
losses of £1.8 million in the 
year to March 31, down from 
profits of £81,000, because of 
competition in timber prices 
and slack building activity 
during the bad weather after 

By the end of the year net 

borrowings had reached £28 
million, compared with 
shareholders' funds of £16 
million, and Mr Jackson said 
that the priority would be to 
degear the company. 

The deal comes just two 
weeks after the arrival of May 
& Hassell's new chairman, Mr 
Roger Pinnington. of Royal 
Ordnance, as part of the 
company’s strategy to 
strengthen its board and re- 
store profitability. 

The terms ofthe offer are 50 
Hillsdown shares for every 
!01 May & Hassell — worth 
1 5 lp with Hillsdown up 2p at 
305p. May & Hassell gained 
32p to 143. There is a cash 
alternative of I40p. 

Ford in 
talks on 

Buenos Aires (Reuter) — 
Ford of America and Volks- 
wagen of West Germany are 
holding talks on a possible 
merger of operations in Argen- 
tina and Brazil, according to a 
Volkswagen source. 

The companies have been 
talking about co-operation for 
the past two months, spokes- 
man at both companies said. 

“We are studying ways of 
working jointly, and looking 
for help from one another, 
said the Volkswagen source, 
who asked to remain un- 
named. “A merger is one 
possibility under study." 

He said that the results of 
the talks would be made 
public by the end of the year. 

Ford operates a plant io 
Argentina and two in Brazil, 
while Volkswagen has two 
plants in Argentina and three 
in Brazil. 

The continuing slump in 
motor sales in Argentina has 
prompted both companies to 
seek new solutions. 

GM and Suzuki 
plan $466m link 

Toronto (Reuters) — Gen- 
eral Motors and Suzuki of 
Japan are expected to an- 
nounce a $466 milliou (£312 
million) joint venture that will 
boost GW’s high technology 

Details of the new plant, 
which have been leaked m the 
past three weeks, are to be 
announced by the GM chair- 
man, Mr Roger Smith and the 
Suzuki chairman, Mr Osamu 
Suzuki. . 

GM and Suzuki are ex- 
pected to announce that the 
plant will be built in IngersoU, 
Ontario, about 100 miles 
southwest of Toronto. The 
plant, which has been under 
discussion for two years, is to 
produce 120,000 sub-compact 
cars and 80.000 four-wheel- 
drive vehicles a year. 

It is to be SO per cent 
financed by each company, 
will provide 2,800 jobs and is 
scheduled to be completed in 

Unlike smaller facilities 
planned by Toyota and Honda 

in , the GM-S uzuki 

plant is the first to be operated 
under the terms of the 21- 
year-old United States-Can- 
ada car pact. 

Suzuki agreed that cars built 
in the new plant would have at 
least 60 per cent Canadian 
parts within two years after 
the plant’s start, according to 
senior officials. 

In return, the Japanese car- 
maker would receive duty-free 
access to the US market, a 
competitive edge on Toyota 
and Honda. 

Suzuki derided to give its 
final approval to the joint 
venture several weeks ago, 
after Canada derided to allow 
more Japanese cars into the 

Japanese and Canadian 
negotiators agreed that car 
imports from Japan would be 
allowed to rise to 21 per cent 
from 18 per cent of the 
Canadian new car market in 
the fiscal year ending on 
March 31. next year. 

AMEC lifts profits to £12.4m 

By Amanda Gee Smyth 

AMEC, the engineering, 
mining and property group, 
made pretax profits of £12.4 
million for the first half of this 
year, compared with £9.7 
million for the same period 
last year. 

It achieved the improve- 
ment despite serious limita- 
tions on its oil-related 

Earnings per share rose to 

12. 3p from &8p for the same 
period last year, due partly to a 
reduced provisional tax rate. 

The group as a whole per- 
formed well and orders are at a 
high level. It has been awarded 
several big contracts already 
and is I oolong for further 
business, stressing to potential 
customers that its broadly 
based structure enables 
AMEC to offer a wide range of 

complementary skills. 

Closures and disposals of 
uneconomic activities in re- 
cent years leave the company 
in a position to seek opportu- 
nities for the profitable 
development of both new and 
existing businesses. Its prop- 
erty and development sector 
has done extremely wdL 

Shareholders will receive an 
interim dividend of 4.5p. 


Viva Espana! Sun shines for developers 

By Judith Huntley 

Europe is back in fashion 
with British property devel- 
opers. The move back to the 
Continent has been building 
up over the past year. 

The Hammerson Group has. 
been busily buying in France 
and West Germany. London 
& Edinburgh Trust has 
achieved good yields on the 
sale of its Paris development, 
and the European market 
looks brighter than it has done 
for more than a decade. 

The move back to the 
continent has been sharply 
reinforced by Heron 
International's derision to of- 
fer £50 million for a portfolio 
of 200 properties in Spain, the 
remnants of the once all- 
embracing Rumasa empire 
summarily seized by the Span- 
ish government in 1983 when 
on the verge of collapse. 

Heron. Britain’s second big- 
gest private company — the 
City would dearly love to see it 
come to the stock market — is 

A Paribas 

Banque Pvibas Capital Mar- 
kets, a subsidiary of the 
French bank, has surprised 
the property world by moving 
as far out of (be City as 
Lad broke Group Properties’ 
office development, left, at 
W ignore Street in the West 
End, formerly the Debenham 
& Freebody department store. 
The rent is even more surpris- 
ing - £30.50 a sq ft for the 25- 
year lease, with five-year 
reviews and no break danse. 
Edward Charles and Partners 
and Bailey and Partners acted 
for Ladbroke. 




ABN 10.00% 

Adam & Compaq 10.00% 

BCG 10.00% 

Citibank Swngst 10.75% 

GansoMated Crds — 10.00% 

Continental Trust 10.00% 

Co-operative Bank 1000% 

C. Hoare & Co...- —10.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai ..—10.00% 

Lloyds Bar* 10.00% 

Mar Westminster 10.00% 

Royal Baik ot Scotland — 10.00% 

TSB 10.00% 

Citibank na 10.00% 

t Monp*e Base Rue. 

not alone in bidding for the 
Rumasa property portfolio, 
which includes offices in 

There is competition from 
about ten other bidders, 
including Spanish groups and 
foreign developers. One of the 
most prominent buildings in 
the Ramusa portfolio is the 
twin-towered Torres de Jerez 
building in the centre of 

The reason for the keen 
interest in a portfolio of 

commercial properties is the 
much improved slate of tite 
Spanish market. Spain, like 
much of the rest of Europe, 
has been shunned by British 
developers and institutions 
for more than ten years. The 
early 70s saw over-develop- 
ment and a surplus of space 
which was slow to let There 
was little rental growth and no 
incentive to develop or invest. 

Thai has changed. Spain's 
entry into the European Eco- 
nomic Community and an 

improving economy is boost- 
ing the office market, es- 
pecially in Madrid. There is 
little space on the market and 
there is demand from multi- 
national companies warning 
to rent offices. 

Richard Ellis, the British 
chartered surveyor, which has 
been established in Spain 
since 1970. expects strong 
investment interest from in- 
stitutions in the light of rising 

The firm says that yields 

will fall to 8 per cent or below 
as competition increases to 
buy prime properties. 

RE, which has acted for 
Heron in previous Spanish 
property deals, says that the 
£50 million offered is a fair 
price for the portfolio. 

The Torres de Jerez build- 
ing could be a possible can- 
didate for redevelopment It 
has small floor areas and 
awkward access. But it de- 
pends on whether rents in 
Madrid would justify such a 

RE says that there will be 
few sites in the city coming up 
for redevelopment as planning 
controls have been tightened 
significantly. This can only 
boost rents on existing high 
quality space, and possibly 
prompt developers to upgrade 
and refurbish (heir existing 

The market, from the 
investors' viewpoint, has also 
been enhanced by changes in 
leasing laws. Since May last 
year tenants no longer have 
security of tenure at the end of 
their lease term. 

This has resulted in tenants 
being willing to sign five- and 
seven-year leases, making 
property much more attrac- 
tive to institutional investors. 

Swindon’s developers vie for tenants 

Rolm. the American 
microchip company which 
was recently taken over by- 
IBM. is negotiating with Sher- 
aton JT and the British Rail 
Pension Fund, the developers 
ofthe 64,000 sq ft Sunrise 16 
building in Swindon. Wilt- 
shire. over taking the space. 

Sheraton's scheme, a mix of 
production and office space. 




We are pleased to announce that Dukc-Coban & 
Co. formerly of 24A Portland Place, London 
WIN 3DF have amalgamated with us as from 
the 1st August 1986. The partners of the new 
firm are John A. Franks, C. David Duke-Cohan, 
Peter D.H. Burfoot, Michael M. Franks and 
Patricia A. Moulds. Leslie G.T. Mitchell has 
reioined the firm as a consultant. 

The practice under the name of Chetbams is 
now at _ 

84 Baker Street, London WIM IDL. 
Telephone: 01-935 7360. 

Telex: 24932. 

Fax: 01-935 4068. 

has the facility for additional 
floorspace within the building, 
bringing the total to 94.000 sq 
ft The asking rent overall is 
£6.50 a sq ft 

Rolm rents the 25.000 sq ft 
Mulberry building, part of Sun 
Alliance's £12 million 
Kembrey Park development 
in Swindon. It has a break 
clause in its lease enabling it to 
move if it wishes. 

Sun Alliance and its letting 
agent Gooch & Wagstaff, 
agree that American com- 
panies will not consider tying 
themselves down to a 25-year 
lease without break clauses. 

In the highly volatile 
electronics industry, a com- 
pany may go out of business 
after three years or double in 
size, making its property 
needs hard to define. Three- 
year leases or options to break 

are therefore on offer. 

What is clear from the 
Swindon experience is that 
companies are looking for 
higher quality buildings with 
air conditioning. The later 
phases of Kembrey Park will 
have air conditioning, which 
is reflected in the asking rents 
of 18.50 to £9 a sq ft 

Developers are constructing 
office and production space 
outside Swindon's town cen- 
tre with maximum flexibility 
to attract electronics com- 

Si Marlins Properly 
Corporation is well underway 
with its second phase of the 
Windmill Hill Business Park, 
which offers flexibility and 
parking on a campus site. 

Town centre offices in 
Swindon find it harder to 
attract tenants who prefer the 

easy parking offered by the 
campus-style mixed develop- 
ments outside. The upgradi 
in the quality of the out-o£ 
town quasi-offices also makes 
competition stifier for town 
centre offices. But there is no 
lack of interest from the 

Commercial Union, the 
insurance company, has the 
second phase of its town 
centre scheme on the market 
It is asking £10 a sq ft for its 
50.000 sq ft office block in 
Swindon's town centre. 

The question remains as to 
who will now take the space in 
Swindon. The town was 
successful in attracting com- 
panies re-locating from Lon- 
don, but that influx has dried 
up. The next generation of 
tenants could well be the 

Milton Keynes site for Woolworth 

• Woolworth Properties 
has bought a 2^ 5- acre site at 
Linford Wood. Milton 
Keynes, Bucking ha ms hire. 
The company is to develop 
a 27,000-sq ft office building 
on the site, which will be 
completed next summer. Hfll- 
ier Parker acted for Wool- 

worth Properties. 

• AT&T Beil Laboratories 
is renting another building, 
with a 140,000 sq ft of 
space, in the 42-acre Garden 
Stare Executive Centre at 
Middletown, New Jersey. It 
rented a handing with 
150.000 sq ft of space last 

year. 1 be scheme is being 
developed by Murray 
Construction and 
Sflversteia Properties. The 
annual rent for both build- 
ings is more than 540 uuUion 
(£26.66 million). AT&T 
was advised by Douglas 

Fllimaw Knig ht F ranlr 

( TEMPUS ~~) 

Pearl policyholders 
pay for bad weather 

Any doubts that further nses 
in premiums were needed in 
Pearl Assurance's motor and 
house contents insurance 
(general branch) will be dis- 
pelled by the company's in- 
terim results. Losses after tax 
for this part of the business 
were down in the six months 
to June 30. from £6 million to 
£2.8 million, and the com- 
pany will not be satisfied 
until the general branch starts 
to make a contribution to the 

House contents claims 
have been hit badly in the last 
few years by inclement 
weather. Normally, the in- 
dustry expects to experience 
one year of bad weather in 
every five. Out of the last five 
years, three have been bad 

This may not necessarily 
foreshadow a permanent 
deterioration in tire British 
climate, but the insurance 
companies can no longer 
continue to pray for better 
weather. They must now 
charge on the assumption 
that the weather wifi be 
worse, and in Pearl's case, 
this means the second rise in 
premiums this year. 

At the beginning of the 
year, the baric sum assured 
for house contents is in- 
creased as a matter of course. 
From July, a £25 excess will 
be charged on all claims, and 
the fixed premium element 
will rise by £2 to £6. 

Motor premiums are also 
going up. due to an increasing 
frequency of claims. Policy 
holders will pay 10 per cent 
more mi their next renewal 
after July — and this is on lop 
of a Th per cent rise last 

While the news is not 
especially good in the general 
branch, it is much rosier on 
the life and reinsurance side. 
As a result, the group more 
than doubled its net profit 
from £4.2 million to £9.4 

For the rest of 1986, the 
company is confident that it 
will do well. Life business has 
been on a rising trend after a 
relatively weak first quarter, 
while the higher premiums in 
general business will start to 
affect the bottom line both in 
the second half and. more 
importantly, in 1987. The re- 
insurance business is also 
doing much better as rates 
have firmed and the group is 
more selective in- what busi- 
ness it will take on. = 

For the year as a whole. 
Pearl should make net profits 
of around £26 million, imply- 
ing a multiple of just over 20. 
The hidden asset backing, a 
4.9 per cent yield and the 
possibility of takeover make 
the shares attractive. 

Weir Group 

Weir Group is still hoping for 
a government go-ahead for 
the Sizewell nuclear power 
station in Suffolk which will 
mean £20 million worth of 

But everything does not 
depend on SizewelL In the 
first six months of 1 986, Weir 
managed a 10 per cent ad- 
vance in pretax profit to £4.2 
million, despite a downturn 
in its oil-related business. 

The best performances 
have been in orders for Weir 
Pumps, particularly abroad, 
and the steel foundries which, 
against a depressed industry 
background, continued last 
year's recovery. 

New project work from the 
oil industry has been slow, 
and the service business in 
the oil-producing states weak. 
Business has also been a slack 
in spare parts for Weir 
Pumps, but this is bound to 
pick up as components wear 

The sale of its holding in 
Yarrow for a net gain of £3.7 
million and the disposal of i ts 
50 per cent holding in 
Wortbington-Simpson for £5 
million at the end of 1985 
have significantly strength- 
ened the group's balance 
sheet The debt/equity ratio 
at the end of June could be 
below 20 per cent compared 
with 27 per cent last year. 

The next few years will be 
helped by a pension fund 
holiday worth £2.5 million 
yearly. The second half of 
1986 will benefit by £1.25 
milli on, and Weir should be 
able to show £9.5 to £10 
million for the year as a 
whole. The prospective mul- 
tiple of under 9 is 


Marley is being remoulded. 
The shape of the group is 
quite different to that of a 
year ago. The company has 
gone through a period of 
traumatic change — both in 

its management structure and 
in its operations. 

Ingrid. Plumb-Center and 
Payless have been sold- The 
last was a disguised rights 
issue. They have been re- 
placed by Thennalite, Gen- 
eral Shale and a 100 percent 
holding in Celotex-Marley. 

Taking into account the, 
closure of several plants, 
fewer than a third of today's 
operations were part of 
Marley this time last year. 
After these musical chairs, a 
notional balance sheet would 
show gearing of more than 40 
per cent. 

Reported interim profits 
were £9.7 million, compared 
with £7.3 million. However, 
on a directly comparable 
basis, (he results were down 6 
per cent. The distortion was 
caused by the inclusion of 
third-quarter profits from 
overseas companies after a 
change of accounting dates. 

Comfort should be taken 
from unaudited figures for 
July of £4.3 million pretax. 
This is three limes higher 
than in July last year. Even 
M ariey's traditional busi- 
nesses doubled profits. 

Core businesses should still 
manage to improve their 
return on capital, despite the 
competitive conditions 
which some are facing. The 
roof-tile market is coping well 
with new entrants. Volumes 
are ahead, although margins 
have slipped. 

Some of the marketing 
skills and management which 
have made Thennalite so 
successful are being trans- 
ferred to extrusions, which is 
still in difficulties. The pros- 
pects for floors will not be 
apparent until the critics 
pronounce on next month's 
offerings at the Harrogate 
Flooring Fair. 

Demand for roof-tiles has 
trebled in the United States 
in the last two years. Marley 
is planning to take advantage 
by installing manufacturing 
capacity in some General 
Shale's plants. Both General 
Shale and Thennalite are 
performing ahead of 

There is renewed optimism 
at Marley and although prof- 
its for last year are unlikely to 
exceed £33 million, about £50 
million is possible for next 
year. On more than 8.5 times 
next year's earnings, it is a 
risk worth taking. 

• DRI HOLDINGS: Results 
for six months to June 30. Profit 
before tax £543,000 
(£2.415.000). Despite a lower 
level of activity, overheads have 
been controlled and margins 

• AGA AB: Results fra - the 
six months to June 30 indude 
(figures in million Swedish kro- 
nor) sales of 4,582 (4,506), 
operating expenses of 3,810 
(3,695), and income before pro- 
visions and tax of 663 (5 1 1). The 
breakdown of operating income 
in (kr millions) shows gas 
operations totalled 30! (411), 
Frigoscandia 41 (60), 

Udaebolm tooling 82 (117) and 
power operations 80 (nil), mak- 
ing 504 (58 8). Income for the 
second half is estimated to be 
higher than in the corresponding 
period last year. 

interim dividend of 1 . 15p 
(1.1 Sp) is payable on October 3. 
With figures in £000, invest- 
ment income was 1,705 (1.671) 
for the six months to July 31 and 
profit before tax 4,785 (3,318). 
Parent company earn i ng s per 
ordinary share were l-54p 
(1.51 p) group earni 
dinary share were 2.< 

The group figures incorporate 
the results of American Trust 
and its subskiary, Edinburgh 
Fund Managers. Net asset value 
per equity share was 174.5p 

WESSANEN; With figures in 
millions Dutch guilders, turn- 
over amounted to 1,900.7 
(2. 1 93.9 ) for the first six months 
of 1986. Pretax profit totalled 
42.3 (36.3). The largest 
contributions were made by tite 
food companies, both in the US 
and in Europe. Other group 
activities also produced a 
satisfactory surplus. The com- 
pany says the decline in turn- 
over is attributable to the fell io 
thevalue of the dollar and lower 
raw material prices in a number 
of product sectors. 


national has bought 892,500 
ordinary shares (1083 percent). 


NATIONAL: The company has 
won two contracts worth nearly 
£7 million for the provision of 
computer systems and software 
for the Dutch air force and for 
Naio headquarters in Belgium. 
The group chairman says that 
the contracts will not affect the 
depressed year to June 30, 1986. 
Market conditions for standard 
products, particularly in Britain, 
have not met the group's 
expectations in the past six 
months, and results for the year 
are expected to be 
disapppointing. Prospects for 
the next period are more 

• NORDBANKEN: The Swed- 
ish commercial bank has com- 
pleted its acquisition of 
Arbuthnoi Latham, which will 
remain an autonomous British 
merchant hank. 

dend 15 sen, making a total of 

_ r 20 sen for the year to June 30. 
Ariwl Figures in MalSOOO. Profit be- 
2.49p (Loop). fore t2X M770 £76,194), m 

4L538 (37,653). Earnings per 
share 36 sen (31). The board 
says that it expects profits in the 

coming year to be maintained at 
a satisfactory level, 

Results for six months to June 
3a Figures in $000. Total 
revenues 4,1 14 (2,321), net in- 
come 363 (105 loss). 

MENT GROUP: The develop- 
ment contract with Slaverton 
Construction for refurbishment 
of the Edwardian pavilion at 
Torquay and the development 
of an adjacent car park as 
envisaged in the offer fra- sale, 
has been signed. Work under the 
£2.37 million contract is to be 
completed by March 23, 1987. 

• SCOTT PAPER: The com- 
pany has increased its holding in 
Bowaler-Scott Corpn to 100 per 
centBowater-Scott (UK) was 
formerly owned 50 per cent by 
Scott and 50 per cent by 
Bo water Industries. Under the 
terms of the sale for about $60 
million (£4Ql3 million), Scot! 
has acquired the remaining 50 
per cent of Bowaler-Scott (UK) 
and has transferred its 50 per 
cent interest in Bowaler-Scott of 
Australia to Bowatcr Industries. 

• STANELCO: The ac- 
quisition of Broad Street Asso- 
ciates was approved on a poll 
conducted to satisfy the require- 
ments of the Takeover Panel 
Voting was 2,804,137 shares in 
favour and 5,000 against. 

dividend 4.5p (4>, payable Octo- 
ber 1. Results for six months to 
July 31. Gross income £4.384 
million (£2904 million), admin- 
istrative expenses £254,42] 
(£187329), interest payable £1 
million (£8.853), revenue before 
tax £3.129 (£2.708). Earnings 
per share 6.89p (5.67). The 
directors expect the full year's 
results to show a satisfactory 
increase. Funds raised by the 
debenture issue have been fully 
invested, mostly in the British 
equity market. 

INGS: Interim dividend 036p 
(0.23 adjusted), payable 
November 21. Figures in £000 
for six months to July 18. Profit 
before lax 2,673 (2304), tax 909 
(783). Adjusted earnings per 
ordinary share 232p (2.07). The 
board says that forward orders 
are well ahead of last year, but 
pressure on profit margins is 
likely to continue. The company 
is committed to organic expan- 
sion and expansion through 
acquisition. The chairman is 
confident that the fill] year will 
continue the growth pattern. 

More company news 
on page 19 



APPROX. 8,600 SO FT 


Richard BTis 

Chartered S urv e yors 
55 OW Broad Street, London EClM ILP 
Telephone: 01-256 6411 


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ves way to caution on 

— over interest rates 

capitalize on a^uoLnt wJu a apprise offer from better than expected 28 per Expansion hopes excited 

Street which cefebnitMf th* t0 J^“ n * tu re Group cent increase boosted AMEC Barham Group at i 55p up 6p. 

latest prime ratecS^^? Hmsdown Hoidings up 2p to lip to 281p! In contrast Lower profits released dn 
point rise to within a . . common on Tuesday’s figures Tuesday cut another 5p from 

of its all time peak * vm,sker - _<>«•» Tmait dimbed left Taylor Woodrow l5p Cambridge EJectroirics at 
. Apart fipm ahanrifiil iZ p J° 23 ®P fWWwng an lower at 318p. 195p. TVSoeth added 3p to 

tmernational stocks «rhjrf> ^ n S 325p offer from . Bid rumours continued to 226p on the rights issue resulL 
— ' ■ 1MUS “ CK s w “Chre- Ron Bneriey’sIEP Securities, excite Whessoe at 1 14p up 6p 



ndted- to ctmiM 1 W.-J rod nnenejrs' itp Seennfiesu .. . . . _ . . „ 

H Am»linm mu. ^demand -London and Midland a d d e d but the absence of takeover ^ r * s ^ 1 s * oc ^ s were dull 

55 zSLSEZsSgz 

*»“ terms faiSS SSgESff^®^ W««*nl Gbstjt lOgpaaJ 
Ot the Japanese and German 

_ Beecbam did^wdl at 403p JcB^son^Smmfit at ‘223p, 

Insurance brokers, woe up 5p but electricals were out j^nard Matthews rose 5p to 
m — i - , 24Sp. The company has re- 

MSSlMSteS- “ Metuiow Farm Produce, the SS^ffSTlSat 

TJ e FT 30 share index Wlwrfesale meat snppber, were suspended F^$snspMdedS27(to“ 

made a cautious advance clos- « the company's request pending an ajmoimce- 
£f t ^. 9 ahead at 1280.5. ?*ent» when the market opened yesterday. The market , 

But the FT-SE 100 share index is expecting a hid from Bernard Matthews, the 

was mwe certain and moved food ilmcSmg group. me . ^amhupnem t bopK to 

on 13.6 points to finish at - k °‘ uu *' HNext eased 2 p to 255p as one 

1 629.8. “ overshadowed bv the of <a™ar wnh GEC.a, ,84p ^SStSSSSl 

recent cautious circular 
continued to unsettle Dawson 

the fcm two &vourabk reviews 
.. ^ , . _ supported Tay Homes at 135p 

Meyer InteroatioBal gained up j i p _ 

18 per cent profits dropped 27p to 346p and finther consideration aP‘ u ~ - - - -F ^ 

setbadc from Blue Circle In- W3bs Faber declined I8p to FKnt acquisition 
dnsb;ies were additional 409p in sympathy. 

sobenng factors although Composites gave _ 

tokeover speculators had a Tuesday’s rises unsettled by the Hillsdown fnd for May & Chesterfield Properties was 
held day with three new fears of big claims from the HasseDL Benlox rallied 6p to matted up 15p to 470p on 
situations. victims of the aftermath of 40p on Oiessminster bid (ywu share buying activity. 

Strong option demand from Hurricane Charley. speculati on J Jarvis bard- Stewart Naira returned to 

aaiow the Atlantic boosted ‘ Pearl Assurance lost 5p to ened 10pto453pas HJ Bani fevour at 17p up 2p and higher 
ICI 30p to 1042p and Ghoo 1478p after net profits much, increased its holding to more profiis helped Slough Estates 
27p to 982p. as expected. Government than 27 per cent . to a 3p rise at 168p. 

Oils also followed Wall stocks reversed early rises of a Disappointing profits 
Streets lead with Shell 22p Quarter or so after the Govern- knocked Spfrom Weir Groan ^ '■ ... 

higher at 923p and BP report- * ment Broker had exhausted at I09p. Gtynwed was in ° win 8 to technical difb- 
ing second quarter figures . one of last Friday’s mini taps. . demans at 308p up IGp and culties the Recent Issues 
today up lOp to 663p. Drolen In buildefs, Mariey rose 4p Kwik ra added 3p to 116pm figures refer to Tuesday’s 
are looking for a net figure of to 122p after a ‘30 per cent belated response to weekend trading, 
between £450 million and expansion in eamitw g and a press comment . 

‘ £480 million against £457 

■ million last time. 

Elsewhere in leaders Blue 
Circle tumbled 18p to S3Sp on 
the profits decline but other EQUITIES 
movements were mixed and ._nu_ ^ m5o . 
rarely exceeded 5p in either X(5 (i3m 
direction. BSP Design (67p) . 

Jaguar rebounded 25p to 
5I3p following recent de- cneisea (12 Sp) * 
pression caused by dis- Coated Bacuodes (84 p) 

annninh'ne nmfltt und « Cobne (11 Op) 


162 +7 
151 +6 

HUe Ergonom 
Hu^ias Food 
Lon utd tm f 
M6 Cash & C (1 

Manna Dev (110p ^^ 

appointing profits and a fwhihaw (i 20 p, 
second half warning. Fletcher Dennys (70p) 

On the bid front May & er Management ( 2 iop) 
W jumped 32p to I43p SSnW}“ rt 

Morgan Grenfefl 
Omnitech (33p) 

128 Shield (72p) 

98 +6 Stanley Lais ure (110rt 
124 TV-AM f130p) 

•17 Tendy Inds (H2p) • 

72 “I Thames TV (190 d) 

210 - -nbtjet ft Britffln (u 
172+J. Treas 2 H%j/I 2016 
164 +1 Unlock (63p) 

93 IMndsmoor (i06p) 

23 Yetvarton (38p) 


. 95-3 B8A Gp N IP 

450 Brawn & Tawse N/P 

toward "/«* N fP 

iwi.. Jli,- Rock N /P 
159 ia4 Sutdiff, Speak N/P 
I 4 ' Television Sth F/P 
2*1*1 Top Value F/P ' 
1 £*lJ Yortonount N/P 
68 +2 (Issue price in brackets). 


202 -3 

■ 5 

' 223 


Time Month 

Sap 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 


Sep 87; 

Dec 87 

Sap as 
Mar 87 

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Sap 86 

Dec 96 

Mar 87. : 








Previous day's toM open 
9421 9414 84.14 

9423 94.15 94.17 

94.18 9409 94.10 

9401 93.91 9322 

„ 21140 




Previous day's total open Interest 5429 
1-14 101-23 

101 - 





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Dec 86. 
--Mar 87 . 

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Scientific. 1C Gas. Pavtan MematJoraL W to twood Dawes, Premier. Abaco Invaat- 
nlartaj BSR MamaHonal. MJ Hymaa 
PutTCtf: Rowntree. Abaco tawsbnenK 

Aug 18 



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lisbon 215.70-21705 21 8.1 5-21 7 JS 

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Hong Kong dollar . 

nagomar . 

. 14879-1.4735 Ireland ~ 
. 24305-24349 Singapore. 
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Kuwait dnar KD — 

.Malaysia dolar 

Mexico peso— — 
New Zealand dollar , 
Saudi Arabia riyal — 
Singapore dotar — 
South Africa rand — 


■Lloyds Bank 

_ 0.7275-07375 Canada. 

— 70895-70086 Svreden 
— 198.40-20040 Norway . 

11-5772-110866 Denmark. 

18-40-18.60 West Germany 

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_ 30556-30627 France 

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August 27, 1966 

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S 91 -259205 {E6l 00-6205) 
•Excludes VAT 


Fixed Rata Starling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Averse re f erenca rata lor 
interest period July 7, 1986 to 
August 5. 1986 mchdve: 10009 per 

up 23% 

By Judith Huntley, 
Commercial Property 

Slough Estates. Britain’s 
largest industrial developer, is 
showing a 23 per cent rise in 
interim pretax profits to 
£24.15 million for the half 
year to June 30, 1986 beating 
the 16 percent increase for.the 
same period last year. 

New accounting policies 
mean that interest has bees 
capitalized on land hdd for 
development boosting pretax 
profits by £1.6 million. Cur- 
rency trading profits 
amounted to £2 million. 

Rents from UK. properties 
rose to £26u44 million from 
the £23.82 million reported in 
last yeaf s interims. 

Slough describes the first 

half of this year as showing a 
“much improved demand for 
pr op erty in the countries in 
which it operates, allied with 
real rental growth.” Overseas 
rents dropped slightly to £8.6 
million compared with £8.8. 

Sales from trading prop- 
erties only accounted for £1 .54 
million this half year com* 
paed to £8.5 million in 1985. 
Earnings per share increased 
by seven per cent to 6.6 ip. 
The interim dividend is 2^p 
per share compared with Z3p 
per share. 

Slough has derided its entire 
portfolio will be externally 
valued in future. 


J Lauritzen A/S: Mr Peter 
Weitmeyer has been ap- 
pointed president 
The Legal Protection 
Group: Mr Michael Living- 
stone has been made a non- 
executive director. 

Marshal] Cavendish: Mr 
Give Greaves has become 
chief executive. . 

' Caledonian Associated 
Properties/Taylor Clark (Scot- 
land); Mr Andrew Woods has 
joined the boards; 

Mowlem International: Mr 
Denis Yefl and Mr Wynn 
Kenrick have been appointed 
totfae board. 

•Alexander Stenhonse: Mr A 
M Ebon, Mr D J Woods, Mr 
X A Webb and Mr K H 
Coombes have been made 
divisional directors, aviation 
and aerospace division. 

Steel Borrill Jones: Mr J C 
W Wright has become a 
director. ' 

Slingsby Engineering: Mr 
David J -Partrh^d has- been 
appointed- managing director 
and chairman . of Advanced 
Production Technology. 

CSR: Mr Alan Coates has 
become a director. 

Harrison Ripp Associates: 
Mr Anthony Barton-Hall has 
been made design director. 

Kalamazoo: Mr John 
Lidstone becomes a non-exec- 
utive director. 


Giveaway to investors 
is headache for TSB 

Few, if any, City analysts see the 
Trustee Savings Bank share issue as 
being anything but a success. The 
curious circumstances in which the 
TSB is coming to market have, 
however, set the bank a formidable 
management task. 

Since the TSB and the Treasury still 
insist that no one else is entitled to the 
proceeds, all the new capital goes to 
the TSB leaving it, on any reasonable 
measure, with too much money. By 
the - bank’s own calculations, the 
immediate effect of putting all that 
cash on the money markets wilTbe to 
cut its overall return on assets from a 
commendable 24 per cent to about T7 
per cent — even without a cut in 
interest rates* 

The management’s dile mm a is well 
illustrated by its pro forma profit 
forecasts, assuming it had the pro- 
ceeds from die beginning of this year. 
Stripping out the basic pretax forecast 
of £195 million — which does not 
include the new capital — die bank 
believes it would have been making 
between 8.4 and 8.8 percent return on 
its new money this year. That is 
simply because it has to leave most of 
the cash on deposit while finding 
worthwhile things to do with it. 

The TSB does not really expect its 
return on assets to regain present 
levels for at least five years. Mean- 

while, shareholders will be asked to sit 
tight, accept a lower rate of return, and 
hope that the management knows 
what it is doing. 

The pathfinder prospectus none the 
less suggests an attractive prospect. 
Lazard promises that the issue price 
will ensure a dividend yield of at least 
5.5 per cent. That would not be 
generous compared with prospective 
yields in the banking sector, and a 
higher actual yield is likely. 

If the shares sell at eight times 
earnings, the group would raise raise 
£1.5 billion. Since the issue wilt be 
generously priced, aiming closer to the 
Scottish banks which sell at about 7 
times prospective earnings, it seems 
reasonable to expect the issue to gross 
between £1.25 and £1.5 billion. 

The TSB is aiming for at least one 
million shareholders after the initial 
rush has subsided. That will mean 
taking on considerably more at the 
launch ~ say 1.5 milli on — to allow for 
attrition. If only half of those who 
have registered an interest apply, the 
TSB will easily meet that target. There 
will almost certainly have to be a 
tough allocation policy, involving 
scaling down priority applications 
from employees and customers and a 
ballot for the rest. Anyone eligible for 
priority is likely to get more shares by 
applying on both the pink forms and 
the ordinary white ones. 

AE puts City on the spot 

Turner & Newall’s final bid for AE, 
which reaches its no minal closing date 
tomorrow, is in some ways following a 
well trodden path. 

City institutions do not like the bid 
and think it might fail. So AE shares, 
at 235p, are trading at a discount to 
T&JT’s 240p cash alternative, let alone 
its 258p share and cash package. 
Seeing some awkward questions 
ahead, investment managers are sell- 
ing in the market. T&N can buy, so 
yesterday it added a further 1.35 
million AE shares, bringing its hold- 
ing to almost 21 per cent and feeding 
its hopes of an eventual win after 
extending the offer. 

There is, however, an intriguing 
extra dimension. Sir John Collyear, 
AH’s Chairman aigues in effect that, 
given few complaints about the way 
AE runs its business, dominant 
institutional shareholders have an 
obligation to British industry to back 

This is not naivetfc. After its 
takeover dance with GKN and the 
Monopolies Commission in 1983, Sir 
John’s ; team is battle-hardened. It 
learned that shareholders arc more 
than providers of capital and has 
followed good practice in. keeping 
them Involved, as recommended in 
Bank of England director David 
Walker’s seminal speech on takeover 

Mr Walker’s main message was that 
the City was taking too short a view, 
to the detriment of businesses that 
were also thereby forced to think 
short-term. If investment managers 
are not more responsible, govern- 
ments will interfere. 

AE believes it has acquired a 
worldwide reputation as a leader in 
advanced engineering components for 
engines — now particularly favoured 
by General Motors — because it 
maintained high research and 
development spending and invest- 
ment through the slump. Cutting that 
could add £10 million to its forecast 
£28 million profit but destroy its 
future. The implication that T&N 
would have to makeup the dilution of 
earnings this way is unfair to Sir 
Francis Tombs, the T&N chairman, 
who rates AE highly, but there is little 
industrial benefit, so the case stands. 

As the falling success rate of 
takeover bids has shown, the City is 
receptive to these arguments at the 
moment, knowing the additional 
pressures . of big bang. Patrick 
Eversbed, a City stockbroker, has 
even- taken out personal advertise- 
ments backing the AE case. Unfortu- 
nately, many investment managers, 
when faced with such tricky issues, 
avoid the decision by selling in the 
market. Clearly, the message has not 
quite penetrated. 


• ELKEM A& The company 
spied . an offer to boy 
60.540 shares (27 per cent) in 

Kvaerner Industries from the 
Bergensen Group on August 19. 
Elton said the shares were 
purchased ai market price. 

revenue for the first quarter to 
June 30 was CanS 62 1,000 
(Can$957.000). Cash at quarter 
end was CanS3.137 million 
(Caa$4. 149 million). A net loss 
of CanS 1 27,000 was incurred 
for the first quarter (income 
CanS464,000X Loss per share 
1-5 cents (earnings 3 2 cents). 

for the six months to June 30. 
Interim dividend 0.75p (0.64p 
adjusted). Turnover £5,020,614 
(£3.138,939). Pretax profit 
£570,591 (£422,556). Tax 
£146,236 (£149,776): Earnings 

on restaurant premises m 
-Queensway, London, and is 
dose to completing agreements 
for leases cm further restaurant 
premises in and around central 
London. Dividend payable 
November 28. 

Figures in £000 for the six 
months to June 30 (comparison 
adjusted). Pret ax profit 2^239 
(1,886), tax 625 (8S0), extract 
dinary hem nil (credit 2,119). 
Earnings per share L79p (1.67), 
folly diluted 1.53p (1.51). The 
directors, are confident that 
continued, pro g re ss will be made 
in the second half in coal 
recovery and coal trading. The 
company says that h is evaluat- 
ing several opportunities for 
expansion iu areas com- 
plementary to its operations. 

national has bought 892^00 
ordinary shares ( 1 0.83 per cent). 

NATIONAL: The company has 
won two contracts worth nearly 
£7 million for the provision of 
computer systems and software 
for the Dutch air force and for 
Nato headquarters in Belgium. 
The group chairman says that _ 
the contracts wiH not affect the ’ 
depressed year to June 30, 1986. 
Market conditions for standard 
products, particularly in Britain, 
have not met the group’s 
expectations in the past six 
months, and results for the year 
a re ex peered to -be 
disapppointing. Prospects for 
the next period are more 

TATES: The company has ac- 
quired the freehold interest of 
the Geco centre in Orpington. 
Kent, for £3,862 t 500 cash from 
clients of Hillier Parker. . 

Results for six months to June 
30. Interim dividend Up, pay- 
able October 14. Pretax profit 

£375,475 (£571,499), tax 
£135.000 (£240.000). Earnings 
per share 5. Ip (7). The directors 
say that, while it is diffinih to 
make a forecast for the second 
hal£ a number of factors give 
rise to optimism. 

• NORTON OPAX: The op- 
tion for Sir Joseph Causton and 
Sons, a wholly-owned subsid- 
iary of the company, to acquire 
the- remaining 25 per cent of 
Headway Publications that it 
does not already own has been 
exercised fry mutual consent. 
The consideration is £1,418 
million, satisfied by the issue of 
1,074,242 new Norton Opax 
ordinary shares. 

• SCOTT PAPER: The com- 
pany has increased its bolding in 
Bowater-Scott Corpu to 100 per 
cenLBowater-Scott (UK) was 
formerly owned 50 per cent by 
Scott and 50 per cent by 
Bo water Industries. Under the 
terms of the sale for about $60 
million (£403 million). Scott 
has. acquired die remaining 50 
per cent of Bowater-Scott (UK) 
and has transferred its 50 per 
cent interest in Bowater-Scott of 
Australia to Bowster Industries. 

• STANELCO: The ac- 
quisition of Broad Street Asso- 
ciates was approved on a poll, 
conducted to satisfy the require- 
ments of the Takeover Panel 
Voting was 2,804,137 shares in 
fevour and 5.000 against. 

dividend 4.5p (4). payable Octo- 
ber I. Results fin* six months to 
July 31. Gross income £4384 
million (£2.904 million), admin- 
istrative expenses £254,421 
(£1873291 interest payable £1 
million (£8353). revenue before 
tax £3.129 (£2.708%. Earnings 
per share 6£9p (5.67\ The 
directors expect the full ; 
results to show a sa 
increase. Funds raised by the 
debenture issue have been fully 
invested, mostly in the British 
equity market. 

company and Hill Samuel say 
a g reement has been reached in 
principle for the purchase by 
CCF of HiD SamueTs subsid- 
iary, Business House Systems 
Loudon. Talks are continuing! 
and also involve the purchase of| 
Business House Systems Austra- 
lia in Sydney. 

Thr company has purchased 72 
per cent of Bedford (Ford End) 
Property Company, which owns 
the Bedford Moat House free- 
hold for £511367. This hotel 
has Been held under lease by the 
group since 1978, with a current 
annual rent off 12 1,000 - 

dividend of 035p (035p) is 
payable for the year to May 31. 
Turnover totalled £894,751 
(£1337,661) and profit before 
tax £21.623 (£50,187). ~ 

per share were 0.9ip (!.40p). 
The company says the elimina- 
tion of loss-making depots 

should result in bigger profits 
this year. 

MANAGERS: An interim divi- 
dend of 23p (2p) is payable for' 
the six months to July 31. With 
figures in £000, the results of 
EFM and its subsidiaries, EFM 
Unit Trust Managers. Esco Oil 
Management, and EFM Over- 
seas. .included fund manage- 
ment fees of 2,170 (I,«S)T?et 
profit from unit trust trading 
2.094 (67 4), operating income 
of4364 (2272) operating profit 
of 2,964 (1,335), pretax profit of 
3321 (2263) and lax 1,183 
(842). Earnings per share were 
I425p (9.43p). 

• COMALCO: The company, a 
subsidiary of Rio Timo-Zinc, 
has announced an interim divi- 
dend of I cent (nil), payable on 
November 6. Earnings for the 
half year to July 31 west 
Aus535.I minion -(loss of 
AusSl6.7 million). 

• HOLLI& Shareholders ap- j 
proved resolutions relating to 
the acquisition of certain com- 
panies and businesses from 
Pergamon Holdings, the in- : 
crease of authorized share cap- ; 
ital of Hollis, the issue of new ! 
loan stock units, and the amend- 
ment of the Hollis share option 
scheme. The offer to existing , 
shareholders of units has been 

Creechurcb Syndicate Man- 
agers. a wholly owned subsisiary : 
of Merrett Holdings, has bought 
from AJ W i lkinso n the Warwick - 
Insurance Company for 

•MY HOLDINGS: Sharehold- 
ers have agreed to the proposed 
acquisitions of Sharp Interpack - 
and Cathedral Compunds and 
to increase authorized share ! 
capital. A total of 15,190.031 
new MY ordinary shares are 
being issued. 







-. — e — a 



■ ■ 









Turnover (exc. VAT) 




Profit before taxation 









Profit after taxation 


- 534 






- ' 

Extraonfiray Items 



Attrflwtatte to Shareholders « 





interim DMdand 25p(19B5-2_Qp) 





Pram retained 





Earnings per Share on tfeohtad 

average of Shares In issue for' 

the period 



5.1 Ip 

Dividend Cover 





I am pleased to report that each of Hie three operating divisions has yat 
again recorded increased proftabffiy. 

Ihe reduction In turnover and Increase in mar gi ns is a result of the 
previously announced policy of shedding tow margin business. The 
Company's expansion into higher margin Freehold petroleum sites 
continues and wiO continue. The net cost of the site closures in the 
period amounted to £59.000 which wifl be written of] as an Extraordi- 
nary tom at the year end. 

Negotiations have been concluded to open as additions! Branch ot 
Raphael's for Banking Services in Banbury. Oxfordshire at tire begin- 
ning of the New Year. 

The increase in Ovkfend by 25% is m Sne with the Company's pofley of 
distributing half and keeping haB for future use In foe Company, me 
second half year has started weL 


Equities stay firm 

. ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began August M. Dealings end tomonow. ^Contango day next Monday. Settlement day September 8. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

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John Butcher, 
junior minister 
for industry, 
writes an 
to the 



“It is especially gratifying in 
Industry Year that an ex- 
hibition of this scale and 
importance, with over 500 
participating companies, 
should have been organized in 
Britain and situated in the 
West Midlands, the country's 
industrial engine room. 

The outlook for manufac- 
turing is good. Last year, for 
example, Output in mechanical 
engineering — the heart of 
Britain's manufacturing base 
- jumped by 6 per cent, the 
biggest increase for more than 
a decade. 

Our manufactured exports 
hare increased by nearly 20 
per cent in volnme over the 
past two years to reach their 
highest ever level. 

The Treasury believes that 

Money and managers the key 

the volume of manufactured 

exports will grow by 6 per cent 
in 1986, more than double its 
previous forecast made last 
autumn. This is not just 
government optimism. In- 
dependent surveys tell a simi- 
lar story and show growing 
optimism about output, export 
orders and profitability. 

To those who have predicted 
no future for the traditional 
sectors of Britain's manufac- 
turing industry and who also 
seem to be ready to sound its 
death knell, I would simply 
suggest that they take the 
opportunity to come along to 
this exhibition and see for 
themselves the positive proof 
behind these figures and that 
there is continuing innovation 
and drive in the backbone of 
British industry." 

Innovations, inventions and 
developments are by nature 
exponential Barely 100 years 
ago engineers were limited to 
the use of iron, steel, copper, 
wood and porcelain. Today 
we can make materials to suit 
specific needs. 

But in spite of our clever- 
ness. the final product is 
usually a compromise since 
one specific property is usu- 
ally attained at the expense of 
another. The art — rather than 
the science — of engineering is 
to develop the right 

With this in mind, the 
engineering industry should 
welcome Metals Engineering 
*86, a combination of special- 
ist exhibitions. The shows and 
associated conferences have 
appeared regularly in the past 
but as separate events at 
differing intervals of tune, it 
so happens that 1986 is the 
year in which all the events 
coincide: And as this is also 
Industry Year, the organizers 
decided 1986 should be a year 
for engineers to remember. 

The five main areas within 

Metals Engineering *86 are vative ideas in machine tools 
metallurgical plant, metal- and advanced manufacturing 
working, foundry, furnaces techniques, there is no doubt 




METALS ENGINEERING '86 comprises the 
following exhibitions: ■ Castings & Forgings ’86 
■ Foundry '86 International ■ Furnaces '86 
■ Metalworking '86 International ■ Metallurgical 
Rant ‘86 and with ■ Metcut ’86 and ■ Subcon ‘86, 
over t ,000 exhibitors will be displaying their 
products from all over the wortd. 


Telephone; (0737) 686 n. 

International Symposia & Exhibitions Ltd. Queen sway House. 

2 Oueensway. Redtuli, Surrey RH1 tQS, England. 

Telex; 948669 TOPJNL G. 

(No adRrttanca id students mUr 16 yam) 

and castings and forgings. 
Two other exhibitions will 
come under the umbrella of 
Metals ‘86. They are Subcon 
and Metcut dealing with 
components, surface finishing 
and machine tools. 

What will be seen at the 
National Exhibition Centre. 
Birmingham, are traditional 
craft-oriented processes that 
have been brought sharply up 
to date by new thinking in 
automation, accurate control 
of processes and by develop- 
ments in chemicals and 

It has to be conceded that 
current government thinking 
underlines what engineers 
have known all along - the 
need for a complete rethink on 
manufacturing and the need 
for resources to reequip in- 
dustry with the best machines 

In this respect, the financial 
help made available by the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry is a step in the right 
direction, though it is still 
hedged by too much red tape 
and administered by those 
with little experience of 

With computers, inno- 

that British industry can be 
transformed. There is, how- 
ever. the problem of finance: 
Who will put up the money to 
pay for the new equipment? 

In some cases the Govern- 
ment, through various 
schemes, can provide some 
cushioning effect at start-up, 
but for a complete investment 
programme money needs to 

A series of 
course modules 

be raised from the City or 
from companies offering ven- 
ture capital. Here, the key to 
raising money lies not with the 
technology or with en- 
trepreneurial spirit but with 
good management 

David Mariow, general 
^manager of 3i (Investors in 
Industry), says about one- 
third of the start-up projects in 
which his company takes a 
stake fail because of inad- 
equate management His mes- 
sage is dear. Coinddent with 
the ideas, markets must be 
studied and efficient manage- 
ment must provide the key to 
success. For small firms. -an- 

other source of money is 
SEF1S (Small Engineering 
Firm . Investment Scheme) 
which was set up by the 
Government with the aid of 
the Engineering Industries 
Association (E1A) to help 
small businesses modernize 
their production. 

Expertise and guidance are 
also available from the re- 
search departments and busi- 
ness schools of many 
universities and polytechnics. 
The academics are keen to be 
associated with industrial 
projects not least because this 
is a way of earning fees to 
counter the financial cuts 
imposed by the University 
Grams Committee. 

There are two good exam- 
ples of such relationships, 
which help industry steer the 
right course towards greater 

The first is AMTec (Ad- 
vanced Manufacturing Tech- 
nology) established by the 
Machine Tool Industry Re- 
search Association (MTTRA) 
with the University of Man- 
chester Institute of Science 
and Technology (UMIST), the 
University of Salford and the 
Sperry company. 

AMTec has compiled a 
-series of modular-courses in 

advanced manufacturing tech- 
niques. providing intensive 
hands-on training and man- 
agement awareness seminars. 
The courses are for managers 
and engineers who want prac- 
tical in-depth knowledge of 
computer-aided design and 
manufacture, robotics and 
other related topics. 

The second example is the 
opening by Kingston on 
Thames Polytechnic of its 
C1M (Computer Integrated 
Manufacturing) Centre. This 
is doubly unique in that it is 
independent (probably the 
largest in Europe) and pro- 
vides a total service covering 

management, computing and 

The centre’s research pro- 
gramme is underpinned by 
one of the largest teaching 
company schemes ever 
mounted. C1M Centre staff 
work with companies over 
long periods of time, passing 
on their expertise in research 
and development They also 
supply information, training 
and customized software. 
C1M is not applicable to every 
manufacturing company but it 
does lend itself Jo a step-by- 
step implementation in line 
with the work and money 
available for investment 

a quicker 
big punch 

Metalworking h defined as 
the manipulation, fabrication 
and assembly of metal. One of 

the largest areas of improve- 
ment lies in pressing and 
blanking. If tools can be made 
to tighter tolerances, holes no 
longer need deburring and the 
tools will last longer. Probably 
the most significant advance 
has been in the computer 
control of blanking sheets. 

A pragma detailing the 
position and size of ; hides 
needed in a sheet of material 
can be fed to (be comparer, 
either on the sbopfloor or by a 
numerically controlled (NC) 
input from another computer. 
The sheet is fed to the 
machine, either by hand or 
automatically, after which the 
machine clamps it and moves 
into the right position. On 
completion, the punched sheet 
is automatically ejected. The 
speed and accuracy at which 
these machines work is 

To meet the needs of maw- 
facfnrers who are moving from 
sera i-antomatic to fall CNC, 
Amada is introducing its new 
Aries 222. which has. all the 
sophistication and capacity 
but with a simple pictorial 
sbopfloor computer input 

Not only can holes of vari- 
ous shapes be produced bat 
many of these machines can be 
set to nibble out a contour. The 
taster the speed, the more 

Continued oa next page 




Y^Xerhaps more than in any other single area of m a n ufacturing, 
I— /electricity offers the metal processing industries the potential 
X. for significant energy savings coupled with many substantial 
additional benefits. 

Electricity is pure, refined energy and is uniquely controllable. It 
enables you to apply energy precisely where and when you want it 
and nowhere else. Consequently you use less. A good example is die 
induction heating of billets where heat is generated within die metal 
itself. Flue losses are eliminated and there is no degradation of the 
metal through flame impingement Temperatures can be accu- 
rately controlled and billets are available on demand. Induction melt- 
ing exploits the same principle. 

But induction is just one of the numerous techniques available, 
many of them exclusive to electricity. The repertoire is growing 
too. with new technology like transverse flux heating, and surface 
engineering using vacuum and low pressure techniques. Electroheat 
offers anyone processing metal the opportunity to manufacture more 
efficiently, and more profitably. making more of energy. 

Process capability deper 
ly on controllability, an 

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cjrfurismg. i’jwJ Jim; a tower cast niurrriiil ici lie used. Gmiponaus tare new hjrJened uunm ujow 
sramdsL on the praiuaiCTi few. nwnptircif wirfi lfu*fwvwus ib-huwga farrfi Demrem. 

Energy management - 
more than fuel cost reduction 

It hardly needs stating that brge- 
cale savings in energy costs can be 
thieved by modernising industrial 
font and equipment This is. of 
curse, of sound economic benefit to 
ic firm concerned and is commend- 
ble in national terms, too - but the 
ains in quality’ and productivity' 

possible through improved operating 
practices arc just as important as 
saving energy. 

High technology industries such 
as aerospace and electronics have 
already recognised the strong rela- 
tionship between processing method 
and product integrity. They cannot 

tolerate variability, imprecise control, 
combustion product effects or surface 

Nowadays, customers' specifica- 
tions tend to be significantly tighter, 
markets are far more competitive than ■ 
they ever were; there is general con- 
cern for the environmentand the well- 
being of the workforce- Electricity can 
meet these demands by providing 
better and more consistent processing 

Reducing the 

mds essen- 
tially on controllability, and even in 
the simplest healing operation it is 
hard to hit a particular target point 
consistently if combustion mixture 
settings drift, response time is slow or 
temperature control is too imprecise. 

Electricity' can avoid au these 
problems; it is the essence of pro- 
grammable control, enabling the user 
to tailor specifications or to set pro- 
cessing times and temperatures pre- 
cisely to the needs of the product 
and the customer without having to 
compensate for process variability. 

The choice of techniques includes 
heating by resistance element, arc, 
induction, direct resistance, electron 
beam, plasma and glow discharge. 
These techniques are being applied 
by all sectors of the metals engin- 
eering industries making simple 
and complex shapes - casting metal, 
reheating prior to working, treating 
surfaces and finishing products. 

With this growth in use it has also 
become increasingly dear that elec- 
tric heating offers the most econ- 
omic wav of processing many pro- 
ducts. While direct energy cost com- 
parisons alone can be surprisingly 
favourable, when the 'production 
benefits offered by electriaty are 
added to the equation, the case is 
frequently overwhelming. 

Improved produaquality. reduced 
dependence upon manual plant 
supervision, substantially lowered 
waste heat, deaner and better work- 
ing conditions, operating flexibility; 
faster turn round and plant com- 
pactness all contribute to higher 
productivity and better profitability - 
and these are inherent features of the 
electric route. 

Service and support 

The Hectriqity Supply Industry is 
firmly committed to helping indus- 
try reap die benefits of electrical 
processes and techniques, and two 
very tangible manifestations of tins 
are the services available from the 
Electricity Council Research Centre 
lurst and the advice and 

jctncity < 
Ip offered 


help offered by Area Board Industrial 
Sales Engineers. 



The brief for the Capenhurst Research 
Centre is to develop better ways of 
distributing and utilising electricity. 

The Centre offers a very wide 
range of research and development 
facilities and a high degree of scientific 
and technical expertise. Although 
the projects carried out cover all ap- 
plications of electricity in industry, 
commerce and the home, research 
into metal processing is a particularly 
important partof the prpgramrneThe 
results have already provided the 
metals industries with substantial 
benefits in reduced costs, improved 
products, productivity and working 

Projects cover ferrous and non- 
ferrous metal melting, metal working 
and shaping, glow discharge heating, 
superplastidty, metal forming hard- 
ening and coating processes, laser 
technology and more. Successful 
products and processes such as 
multi-layer coil, transverse flux and 
the high-powered channel furnace 
have already been licensed 

Capenhurst aims toensure chat the 
benefit of aD this research is passed on 
to and exploited by British industry. 
Preliminary short term surveys can 
be carried out for companies at no 
charge, and then followed up with in- 
depth contract research. Metallurgical 
and materials analysis services are 
also provided 

Looking to the future, Capenhurst 
is dedicated to continuing to bridge 
the gap between science and industry 
and to offering new opportunities for 
the improvement of British industry's 


Your link with this service is die 
Industrial Sales Engineer at your 
Electricity Board 

Personal service 

Every Electricity Board has a team 
of Industrial Sales Engineers (ISEs) 
ready to help you get the best out of 

They’re qualified and fully trained 
in how to use electricity efficiently 
and make better use of energy ana 

other resources. They can call on 
extensive back-up facilities from 
Electricity Council specialists, 
Board Development Centres and the 
Capenhurst Research Centre. 
Naturally, ISEs are fully up-to-date 
with the latest developments in 
electrical equipment, too. 

They wul help you quantify poten- 
tial benefits and, for some appli- 
cations, arrange for demonstrations 
and tests with your own products. 

ISEs already help thousands of 
companies every yean With the wide 
range of efficient electrical techniques 
applicable to the metals industries the 
chances are they could help you too. 
Call your local Electricity Board or fill 
in the coupon below to arrange an 
appointment. It’ll, cost you nothing 
ana could save your company a tot oT 

improved working emvmtnenL 

| To: Electricity Publications, PO Box 2, Feltham, Middlesex TW140TG | 

I Please send me information on: Name ' ] 

1 I Electric metal melting 

□ Electricity for metal working 
1 I Electric heat treatment 
1 1 Capenhurst Research Centre 
Please arrange for an 1SE 


Company/ Address . 


to contact me 


Ihe energy-eflkimt switch. 


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t FOCI IS % 

A vital step for 
the footprint 

“Jibmons is METCUt'ot! 

T^^iLUlf “ achiQe Tool 
311(1 with 

and produc!i f JIlSSS ne H providinga’sinaUer 
technology it vSrnSftuT^thf “^oon^rint"; ie, the actual floor 

. ™“ h,n * tools, flexible man“ 

away from horizontal machin- 
log centres to vertical uzachin- ■ 
ing centres, which can offer a 
groat versatility in operations 


rotofe" 8 SyS,ems 
* plethora of terms has 
generated in the manu- 
“3™» industry, . such as 
AMT (advanced manufec- 
' Technology), CIM 

.-{computer integrated manu- 
' raerwe) and more recently the 

- Ju f In Time concept 

in deferent ways they are all 
aiming m the same direction 
about an efficient 

manufacturing environment 

m which the UK can produce 
qualrty goods on time at an 
economic price, not forgetting 
. The importance of design and 
.. we choice of materials, which 
are fundamental to successful 

Today all of these functions 
are interwoven. 

- In metaheutting, the actual 
tune that the machine is 
removing metal is a small 
percentage of the total manu- 
facturing time: The greater 
pan is spent in setting up the 

'* machine, changing the cutting . 
•edges (tools) and in loading 
and unloading the component 
lobe machined. 

-There is therefore a 
concentration of effort to re- 
• dace the time taken by these 
non-cutting operations. 

. Examples of time-saving on 
non-cutting operations is the 
introduction of greater speeds 
for machine tables, the speed 
dropping to a more moderate 
rate as they reach the end of 
:. their travel. 

- By the use of more powerful 
motors Or duplication of 
power sources, it is also 

. possible to have simultaneous 
movement on all five axes, 
thus speeding up positioning 

. . With the advances in com- 
' puter control it is -now 
advantageous to cany out all 
the machining, where pos- 
sible. with a single loading of 
the component This in- 
troduces the . universal 
machining centre, many 
examples of which can be seen 
at the exhibition. 

A further development in 
this area has been the swing 

One machining centre on 
show not only has a tool 
change time of one second but 
features twin spindles. This 
doubles productivity as the 
components are loaded and 
unloaded from alternate spin- 
dles during the mac hining 

Another development to be 
seen is the introduction of 
powered turrets so that addi- 
tional operations such as mill- 
ing and drilling, 'at planes 
normal arid oblique to the 
turning axis can be carried but 
without removing or 
repositioning the component 
being machined. 

From the machining centres 
can be seen the emergence of a 
.machining cell which can be 

Inspection of the 
finished part need 
not be separate . 

regarded as the first logical 
step towards FMS (flexible 
manufacturing system). In 
this context, a cell can be a 
-single machine that incor- 
porates aH the features nec- 
essary for extended periods of 
unmanned operation. 

Inspection of the finished 
part need no longer be a 
separate operation. Many ma- 
chine tools are .fitted with in- 
process measuring : probes 
which can provide positive 
advantages in set-up tunes, in- 
cycle measurements, tool set- 
ting and final part inspection. 

The information can be 
processed to .provide full 
documentary evidence of the 
components' dimensions and . 
whether successive compo- 
nents are tending to approach 
the upper or lower limits of 
permissible tolerance, thus 
achieving a stale of zero 
defects by warning the op- 
erator or automatically adjust- 
ing the cutting ' edge or, 
alternatively, changing the 

Machine tools now cater for 
duplication of cutting tool 
edges, so that when one is 
worn.. the .other’ comes, into.. . 

Modernized hot coifing at West Bromwich. Spring 

play. This can' be. done auto- 
matically either by measuring 
the torque, which increases 
with a blunt cutting edge, or 
by measuring the heat gen- 
erated at the 'cutting edge. 
Accurate and reliable sensors 
are available to do this and the 
information can be fed into 
(he computerized controls. 

The crux of metal removal 
lies largely with the cutting 
edge. These are available in 
many, forms and show the 
tremendous improvements 
that have taken place within 
the last decade. From steel 
cutting tools we are now m the 
field of ceramic and diamond 
cutting edges and a mixture of 
both. These allow higher cut- 
ting speeds, heavier cuts and 
longer periods between 
sharpening or replacing - 

Techniques for the trans- 
portation, loading and 
unloading of components or 
assemblies between various 
machines or points in a fac- 
tory provide another im- 
portant area where 
unproductive times can be 

In transporting components 
around a factory, AGVs (auto- 
matic guided vehicles) are 
commonplace.' The control of 
these can be Hnked to an. 
overall computer control to 
ensure that they are in the 
right place at the right time, 
ensuring that parts arrriye or 
are removed from machining 
or assembly operations at 
precisely the right time. 

Conveyors, gantries and ro- 
bot arms are part of the 
robotic scene whore rapid 
developments are taking 
place. These include artificial 
intelligence and robot vision, 
which, enaWes.tite robot to 

' recognize by shape or by some 
.other characteristic. 

Arlifical intelligence will 
also enable the robot to decide 
whether the part is correctly 
placed for the next operation 
or whether the last operation 
was correctly carried out. 

Though metal removal by 
lathe, drilling and milling 
machine accounts for the 
greater part of metal removal 
techniques, electro discharge 
machining (EDM) is now 
being incorporated into 
production lines-as part of a 
machining process. Originally 
it was deemed suitable for 
one-off jobs that could not be 
tackled in any other way. 

Essentially an EDM ma- 
chine encompasses a bed, 
table, slides, a dielectric sys- 
tem and a column on which is 
. mounted a head provided 
with a mechanism controlling 
the rate of feed for the tool — 
the working gap is criticaL 

Most of the latest machines 
interface directly with mul- 
tiple-process numerically-con- 
trolled machining from the 
same NC tape as other metal 
removal processes. 

In che workshop: improvements can still be made 

Forging ever faster 

In metal forging, the operator's prime concern 
is the effect of heat and work on the material 
being foracd. Uniformity of temperature, 
scaling cithers and dccarburization are fun- 
damental to the finished item and to the 
economics of the process. 

An important feature of the process is the 
loading and unloading of work pieces. 
Automation in forging is difficult to achieve 
and there is much room for improvement. 

About 70 per cent of the tonnage of steel 
which is heated for closed die forging in the 
UK is in the form of round or square pieces 
heated over their whole length to about 
I.2S(FC. This is an ideal requirement for the 
continuous feed induction heater. 

The heating coil is designed to induce a high 
power density into the incoming cold end of 
the steel component but reducing to a lower 
soaking level at the discharge end. 

Improvements in die design enable flashless 
forgings to be produced and forgings with 
greatly reduced taper thjus eliminating sub- 
sequent long machining operations. 

D.A.T. Powis. director of the British Forging 
Industry Association, comments: “A further 
area for cost reduction is the elimination of the 
post-forging heat treatment process. .Steels - 
containing small percentages of micro-alloying 
clement, such as vanadium are available. 

which develop acceptable properties with 
controlled cooling after forging, 

“In automotive and associated markets, 
companies have looked more closely at forging 
designs, to achieve closer tolerances — either in 
the forging process itself, or in post-forging 
operations. Ssmmeirical pans for automotive 
gearboxes, drive components and trans- 

The long trek around the 
hall will be worthwhile 

missions have been identified for precision 

“Warm forging within the range 600-900 C C 
has extended the scope of cold forging process 
and has contributed significantly to precision 
forging technology." 

A further area' for optimizing yield and 
reducing processing costs, particularly in the 
forging of expensive alloys, is the use of cast or 
powder preforms and further dev elopments of 
these techniques are likely. 

Visitors to Materials Engineering 'S6 face a 
long trek around the exhibition halls if they are 
to see everything of importance. But it will be 
worthwhile because in manufacturing it is the 
survival of ihe finest. The fittest companies 
arc those that have a dedicated workforce, 
outstanding management and the right tools. 

a quicker 

From previous pttgt 

biles the tool can take in a 
given time and the smoother 
is the resulting edge. Comer 
notching is another feature. 
All these advances reduce the 
number of workers needed 
and speed up production. 

Laser cutting is another 
process which is fast and 
accurate and produces dean 
edges in a wide variety of 
materials, from wood and 
fabrics to metals and ceram- 
ics. The cut material is free 
from distortion as the laser cut 
has a narrow heal zone. 

Machining by laser is a non- 
contact process readily adapt- 
able for flexible manu- 
facturing. There is no cutting 
load on the workpiece and the 
process is eminently suitable 
for automatic control. 

The importance or meial- 
working has been recognized 
by the European Coil Coating 
Association <ECCA). which 
has taken for its member 
companies the largest display 
in the metalworking area of 
the National Exhibition 

Steel and aluminium arc the 
most popular substrates and 
the coatings include plasiisols. 
alkyds. polyesters. PVC. acryl- 
ics.' silicones and expoxics 
plus heat-resisting coatings for 
bakeware and so on. Other 
products include non-stick 
coalings and hcat-rcactivaied 
bonding systems. 

The next few years will sec 
changes in the industry to 
reduce costs and adapt to 
changing markets. .As end 
users realize that with careful 
fabrication and joint design 
the expense of finishing could 
be a thing of the past, the 
demand for coil coated prod- 
ucts will continue to grow. 

The Institute of Metals 

Incorporated by Royal Charter. The Institute of Metals is a major engineering 
Institution with 13000 members worldwide, active in the development and 
industrial use of metals and related materials in all sectors of enginccri nt* . 

The Institute provides: 




For further details visit the Institute's exhibit at METALWORKING INTERNATIONAL, 
Stand 4027, HaD 4. Sept 1-5 1986, NEC, Birmingham, or contact 

Keith Wnkclam. Marketin'' Director. The Institute ol' Aletjls. 

1 Carlton House Terrace. London S\\ I Y 51)11 Telephone l.H-S3 l )-|H7! Telex SS 148 13 


-■ - t : • • y ■ ■ ' 

1 • 

• i 





Short on showroom glitz, and glitter, .. 
Europe^ largest blast furnace at Redcar is 
long on perfonnance. It ‘drives? British 
Steeds Teesade steelmaking complex, 
providing an essential flow of high-quality, . 
low-cost iron. 

The furnace was blown out in March’ 
for a £50 million rebuild and refine after a 
first ‘campaign’ of 6 Yz years and 15 millidn 
tonnes of iron produced. 

What happened next was like a 
Grand Prix pit stop, men 
swarming over the furnace 
— taller than St Paul's 
Cathedral — before the 
last cast ran to the waiting 
jadle. Tbams had pre- 
pared during three years 
of planning- Their task: 
to dismantle the furnace 

to ground level, rebuild it with major engin- 
eering refinements, and refine thehuge stack. 

They bad the furnace ready for 
ignition and start-up in just 135 days. 

British Steel Chairman Bob Scboley 
- re-started the furnace this month on its . 
second Campaign, the day the project was 
completed. This time, it will run for at least 
ten years, producing 30 million tonnes of 
iron. With the latest ironmaking tech- . 

oology added during the rebuild, 
the big furnace is a world leader 
in iron quality and yield. 

It is also meaner than ever 
on fuel — good news from a 
furnace which can produce 10,000 
tonnes of iron a day. Now it is acceler- 
ating to optimum performance levels. 
The £50 millioncost of 
' putting the Redcar lean-burn 
furnace back into operation was 
met out of revenue. Back in profit, 
British Steel invests in 
projects which 
will sharpen 
its competi- 
tive edge and 
provide even 
better customer 

♦This lean-burn is a 3.9 million litre modeL 




In the highly competitive 
world of metals engineering 
Davy McKee offers the 
broadest range oftechnological 
and project management 
skills of any engineering and 
construction company in the 

So whatever your metals 
interests - in turnkey projects, 
equipment, modernisation of 
existing plant or any other 
aspect, anywhere in the world 
-visit us at Metallurgical Plant 
’86, Hall 1, Stand 1026 or 
contact us at bur Head Office 
for further information. 

15 Portland Place, London W1A 4DD. Telephone: 01-637 2821 

3 l ^ *J O' u 


"Metals Engineering '86'T'Etmces . . 


..a^rwce ** 
to industry isa^sa r 3 ? 


Oow wt nwBf aeutfmfa*s*4 Pr*bm&M < j ag *w*W 

• promotes professional purchasing through Kas 
professional education and training schemes 
specialist conferences and courses 

weekly and monthly magazines 

<* has members throughout industry 

• provides expert In-house advice on contract 
terms, negotiating, how and what to buy, 
career opportunities and management 

Purchasing professionals get value 
for money 

Do You? 

The Institute of Purchasing and Supply 
Easton House, Easton on the Hill, Stamford, 
Lines PE9 3NZ 
Tel: 0780 56777 Telex: 32251 

For the full range of ipsen Abar UK 
Horizontal and Vertical Production 
Vacuum Furnaces, Controlled 
Atmosphere Furnaces, Rebuilds, 
Fixtures, Spares and Service. 
Surface Engineering Treatment 
Furnaces and Coating Service 

See us on 
stand F5230^J 


PO Box 766, Hay Hall, 

RecJfem Road, 

Tyseley, Birmingham Bti 2BT 
S 021 706 6051. Tfelex: 336834 a member oTn Group pic 

Why fuel costs must be cut . • 

There can be few. managing 
directors who remain unaware 
that this is Energy Efficiency 
Year as nearly all of them 
have been bombarded by the 
Department of Energy to at- 
tend a series of road shows 
and breakfast meetings to 
leant of energy conservation 
for businesses. 

Manufacturers, and none 
more than the primary sicd 
suppliers, arc constantly un- 
der pressure to reduce operat- 
ing costs. Not unnaturally 
their first move is to look at 
the fuel bills and to consider 
the effect of a change to or 
from gas. oiL electricity or 
solid fuel. Such a change could 
be of no small consequence 
affecting, as it would, capital, 
equipment and other im- 
portant considerations such as 
the environment health and 
safety and social conditions. 

A key clement in reducing 
energy consumption is the 
effective management of en- 
ergy as a resource which 
involves monitoring the 
consumption and then 
targeting on reductions in 
defined periods of time. 

Good housekeeping can of- 
fer worthwhile returns but 
significant benefits are usually 
the result of the introduction 
of improved technology such 
as waste heat recovery and its 
reuse in some way. 

In the metals industry, tra- 
ditional fuels have been coal 
and coke for smelling and gas 
for re-melting. OiL although 
perhaps more convenient, has 
always been expensive and 
now is generally looked upon 
as a standby energy source. 
However in the last decade, 
electricity has been making 
considerable headway into 
primary melting. It is never- 
theless important to recognize 
that fuel choice should not be 
based on- a single specific 

operation but should be 
considered, in total, across the 
whole of a company's manu- 
facturing spectrum. 

British Gas and the Electric- 
ity Council arc highly compet- 
itive in the industrial area and 
both go to considerable 
lengths to ensure safety and 
reliability of supplies as well as 
arranging attractive tariffs 
that in some cases, will be 
advantageous if the user has 
alternative fuel sources. 

About SO per cent of the gas 
sold in Britain is used in 
commerce and industry and 
accounts for about 26 per cent 
of the energy supplied to 
British industry. Research and 
development in industrial 
heating has been mainly di- 
rected: (a) towards ensuring 
that the gas is burned satisfac- 
torily in properly designed 
combustion systems: (b) to 
study industrial healing 
requirements so that the heat 
generated can be effectively 
and efficiently applied: and (c) 
to develop safe, automatic and 
reliable control systems. 

The heating of metals has 
traditionally been carried out 
in batch furnaces where the 
metal is brought to tem- 
perature and subsequently 
worked. By using- heating 
equipment tailored to the 
particular application as an 
integral part of the production 
line, heating can be made 
continuous and automatic. 

The use of steam from a 
central boiler house is often 
used for the heating ofliquids 
in vats and tanks within a 
factory complex. Overall ef- 
ficiency is. however, low be- 
cause of heat loss in 
-transmission. The British Gas 
Midlands Research Station 
has developed a range of small 
bore immersion tubes which. 

. when used with high intensity 
gas burners, combine the ef- 

to move m 

i 1-:+ . 

Medium frequency induction furnaces have replaced cupola 
melting at the Crown Foundry in Northampton 

ficicncy of natural draught 
immersion tubes . with the 
compactness of the steam 
system. Field trials have 
shown that fuel savings of up 
to SO per cent over con- 
ventional systems arc 

Radiant tubes are used 
where high temperature in- 
direct heating is required, 
particularly in controlled 
atmospheres used for anneal- 
ing. normalizing, niuiding 
and carburizing. The Mid- 
lands Research Station has 
developed gas fired radiant - 
tubes consisting of a recu- 
perative burner firing into a 
metallic or ceramic tube. 

With the cost of all forms of 
energy continuing to rise, the 
effectiveness of electrical en- 
ergy use in heat treatment and 
other forms of industrial heat- 
ing processes has become an 

important issue. The ultimate 
criterion must be the lowest 
overall cost taking all factors 
into account. 

While unique electric sur- 
face treatments such as the 
glow discharge process and 
laser heat treatment arc being 
currently developed, electric 
induction healing has become 
firmly established, particu- 
larly in the automotive ! 

The versatility of induction 
healing is illustrated by the 
large number of contract heat 
treaters who successfully op- 
erate a jobbing induction 
hardening service. 

Although surface harden- 
ing is perhaps the best known 
application of induction, the 
technique can also be used for 
annealing, softening, brazing, 
soldering, primary and 
secondary metal melting. 

The casting of materials is one 
of the most versatile forming 
processes there is: its ability to 
produce complex shapes in a 
range of sizes and variety of 
materials is unmatched. 
Nevertheless, cast compo- 
nents have to compete with 
components formed in other 
ways, ones which may be less 

■ “The foundry . industry." 
savs John Whitehead of 
SCRATA (Steel Castings Re- 
search and Trade Associ- 
ation). “has traversed a very • 
difficult 1 0-ycar period during, 
which recession and import 
penetration from developing 
countries have decimated or- 
der loads. 

- “Generation of capital has 
been extremely difficult and 
what monies have been avail- 
able have been invested in 
quality improvements and 
cost reduction. 

“The most exciting oppor- 
tunities for the industry in the 
near future arc likely to derive 
from the adoption of ad- 
vanced manufacturing tech- 
niques where computer-aided 
design systems can be linked 
to robots to improve both 
productivity and quality. ' 

“When allied to advances in 
casting techniques such as the 
use of polystyrene patterns, 
this technology should enable 
competitively priced castings 
to be produced at a level of 
quality which will create new 
markets for the industry." 

An accurately produced 
casting requires less machin- 
ing than a less precise casting 
which may reduce the final 
cost of the component. To 
meet the growing demand for 
more accurate castings, the 
foundry industry has refined 
its sand casting processes by 
introducing high-pressure 

squeeze moulding of green 
sand. And new processes such 
as the Cosworih process have: 
been introduced to improve 

. More precise castings are. 
generally produced by a rec- 
ognized precision casting pro- 
cess such as shell moulding, 
investment casting, and the 
Shaw process, all of which use 
a refractory aggregate moulcU 
ing which has lo be broken ud 

Investment casting is one of 
the most important processes 
available to designers of high 
quality precision components 
when using • super-tough 

An alternative method of 
casting is diccasiing. which 
uses metal moulds or dies 
which can be used repeatedly 
for the mass production for 
castings which, in the main, 
are limited to non-ferrous 
alloys such as zinc-based 
materials and a! u minium. The 
diecasting process falls into 
three types: gravity diecasiing. 
pressure diecasting and low- 
pressure diecasting. 

Pressure diecasting is a 
more highly engineered pro- 
cess than gravity-fed casting, 
the essential features being the 
injection of the molten metal 
at high speed into the die 
under high pressure. Low- 
pressure diecasting relies on 
air pressure to force the liquid 
metal into the die cavity;. 

As pan of Metals Engineer- 
ing '86, the Institute of Metals 
is holding a one-day meeting 
on Casting To Near Net 
Shape. Papers presented will 
discuss the casting of semi- 
solid alloys to near net shaped 
squeeze casting, gravity 
diecasting. sand casting and 
investment casting as well as 
the use of expanded poly- 
styrene patterns in casting. 

Heat treatment: the Aston specialists have most answers 

Furnace design has undergone a 
profound design change in fe last 
decade arising from the demand for 
more foel-efndent designs, greater 
control of operating conditions and • 
to some extent, to meet the demands 
imposed by environmental 

As a result of the development of. 
low thermal lightweight 

refractories and control by comput- 
ers and microprocessors, the 
economics of furnace operation have 
been greatly improved. 

The accent today is not so much 
on the choice' of reel bid what fiwl 

trill give the ultimate required 
results from the furnace. Other 
innovations include the use of 
recuperative burners for ofi and gas 
firing the use of solid state compo- 
nents in applying electrical power 
and in the.spgraduQgaf materials for 
electrical resistance elements. 

In a number of component 
fabrications, the use of vacuum 
chambers are necessary and these 
preclude the use of combustion 
firing. Laser and plasma techniques 
are therefore increasingly employed 
for cutting, surface hardening and 
welding in vaenum conditions. 

Improvements to. be semi in 
vacuum, chamber technology are 
Easter pumpdown times, easier 
throughput of component parts and 
greater control and manoeuvrability 
of the contained components. 

Heat treatment of metals covers a 
wide variety of interpretations and 
practices and is one of the necessary 
processes which often have to be 
incorporated in a production 

It is with in 'this environment that 
the Wolfsoo Heat Treatment Centre 
was set up about 12 years ago at 
Aston University. Birmingham. The 

centre set out to improve the 
dissemination of technical knowl- 
edge and to make positive moves 
towards the sharing of developing 
technologies in heat treatment. One 
of the-primary aims has been to 
further the overall appreciation of 
die scientific principles and tech- 
nological aspects of beat treatment 
The centre is staffed by special- 
ists drawn from industry and its 
principal role is to provide impartial 
information and advice on all as- 
pects of heat treatment to member 
companies, it has an extensive 
library of scientific technical and 

trade literature. When problems 
require laboratory investigation, use 
is made of the extensive facilities 
within the University of Aston. 

At workshop level, the centre has 
introduced training courses for 
supervisors to convey a genera] 
insight into the theory and practice 
of brat treatment 

At Metals Emnneering *86, the 
Wolfson Heat Treatment Centre 
will co-sponsor Furnaces TO and 
will stage an international con? 
ference discussing the advances in 
teat treatment practice. 

<t : 

Using gas as a fuel can actually sharpen your competitive edge. 

Because clean, efficient gas is the high quality fuel, which gives 
you a more reliable production process. Often a better end product 
altogether. It's also economical to use. producing significant savings in 
manufacturing costs. 

All this will help increase productivity, lower unit costs and 
A therefore make your business more profitable. 
RfjtjstlGasF But that's nor the end of the story. 

With the advances made by modem tech- 

nology in the past few years gas is more versatile and effidentthan ever. 
And there are plentiful supplies available. . - 
■ Investment in new gas equipment can pay for itself 
in no time at all. 

To find out how gas can work for your business, fill 
in the coupon and post it today, or telephone Peter deal], 1 - ** 
on 01-242 0789. . . . . .. .. 

It'snot much effort, and it could give you the energy I . S/j ; - 
you're looking for. T:.';='-! 


Hease send me more intonnidonon.hawBrtash Gasman help businesses such as mftteO 
I a Sales Engineer" to tekphone me to arrange an appotatmeni.n TT 28/8/88 

compact yaw 


TEL NO ■ ! I 



! > s 
0 in 




'•'V r- 

:l; : 

* • '■ 

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• • 



" 7 ” 


. q r 






£ 23 , 000 — £ 25,000 
+ car 

A now era and a new role 

• TheStock Bctiangeisthe feed point of the 
City's evolution towards the post big bang 

• An essential ingredent of otr success is .. 
WgWyrefiabteaimputer ^sterns. 

• His important new note focuses on QA for 
systems-anawratakiteown right 

Your background 

• Eight yeare' practical Data Processing .. . 

• A working knowledge of QA principles end 
their implementation. 

. • Practical experience of using and writing 
st an d a rd s . 

• Sound exposure to project planning. 

• A real imderstanding of Structured Systems 
Analysis/Design and Lifecycle Management 
gained h a com n iflic i aJ. manufacturing or 

' financial environment at Project Leader/ 
Manager level 

•-A degree in Computer Science or a related 
subject will be an advantage. 

Your main responsibilities 

• Prodding QA to the department’s software 
development projects. 

• Developing and applying standards to 
ensure the highest quafity deforerabtes at 
each stage of the DP Lifecycle. 

• Evaluating and evolving existing systems 
development methodology^ 

Success through quality 

• You wDI be convinced, and be able to 
persuade others, of the practical value of 
QA and the positive advantages at working 
to standards. . 

Career benefits 

• A technically interesting and challenging, 

• AgrsenfieHopporturetyleacfingasmall 
team from scratch. .. 

• Working with a wide range of bright people- 
high v&bffly wrfth management and key 

• Excellent fringe benefits induefing fully paid 
season ticket 

Please apply with fuD CV to Jennifer Gregson, 

Personnel Manager, The Stock Exchange* Old Broad Street, London EC2N1 HP. 



Richard Clay, a major subsidiary of the St Ives Group, is 
engaged in the printing of books, bxbles and software 
manuals. We enjoy the UK field leader's position and 
currently turn over £30m per annum. Our reputation is 
built on high quality, technological superiority and excel- 
lent service. 

As part of our continued development we aim to recruit 
two people to join the UK Sates 'team and, following a 
comprehensive t raining programme, the successful candi- 
dates will represent our interests to leading publishers 
which include Penguin and Pan. 

Educated to ‘A’ level standard and in your early twenties, 
you will be prepared to work in' London or East An g lia ; 
and be able , to demonstrate a track record of profit 
achievements within a manufacturing or service industry. 
Knowledge of the printing industry is desirable, but not 
essential. Above aQ, we are looking for people with flair, 
confidence and the ambition to succeed. 

Initially a salary of circa £8,000 
After training there will be a 
and a company car will be 

Send in your CV, or for an 
application form, contact 

Mr G R Karklins, 
Personnel Manager ~ 
Richard Gby_ . ..... .. . 


Suffolk NR35 1ED. 

Tel: (0986) 3211 

annum, will be paid, 
salary i ncrease 



An ndm g Farm Management business requires a person 

including wages for several forms. Applicants (male or fomak^ 
must be 25+, enjoy bookkeeping and already be competent in 
such work. The pressure of the bookkeeping varies throughout 
each month ana there will, therefore, be some general office 

Experience with a WP (currently Olivetti 2010) would be an 
advantage but this is primarily the responsibility of another 
member of staff. 

The office staff numbers three who work together in an. attrac- 
tive country office, 3 miles from Oxford. They provide the 
backup for a team of three who manage a large number of fa r ms 
throughout the UK. 

Some knowledge of fanning would be an advantage but is in no 
way essentSaLPrunarily, we want an efficient operator. 
The office is a no sm oki ng area. 

An unfurnished house could be provided if required. With tire 
house, the salary is likely to be c£7 ,500 pa. according to experi- 
ence. No pension scheme but BUPA cover after an initial 

Apply in writing with all relevant information, including 
referees to: 

J L Garson, Pennywell Ltd, Hillf a n n, Elsfield, 
Oxford, 0X3 9SW. 

export sales manager 
hydraulic valves 

Are you a quitted engineer with hydraufcs experience? 

• Do you have outstanding 

exceptional group of European Dtatrioutore 
tf so> 

• WO hava an putstandjng^P^ 

• We are seeking a professtonai 
Wa offers 

• R ^SP ort ^^^ P wSt&xircVa most attractive areas. 

• Location in one of me ww* ~ f 

t MggSBBgjF 88 ** 8 * 



Tdapten* WfiO 72222 

appear on pages 
12 & 13 



™„! B you are L, 

setf biMMjshto 

ran ETZOWjn flits WWr 
sndwp wttlsn conHNUoa 
daaawoJeanliai London, eafl 
fra ly on UVfflt248Z» uncart 
tantr bdUA 


Responsible to Board of a rapidly growing high tech firm in the 
International security industry. In charge of all administrative and 
personnel functions. 3-5 years experience in similar position required. 
University graduate pr e fer re d. 

Contact Phil Bezant on 377 S373 or send CV to: 

Financial Telecommunications LtcL, 46-50 Gun Street, London El 6AH. 





5 We are currently aaareMng tar spactefisad Senior 3 
5 Mechanical PaMgnare tor a nw project Hat 2 
3 penqnnal wa wWi to lacnA wm be: ■? 

3 • Highly motivated, able to work under 3 
§ pnu em e. S 

3 • Very experienced in conceptual design for S 
i high volume production of smal mechantane, § 

8 sheet atetal, castings, plastics etc. J. 

g • Age 27+, qualified to WO, KNC, we wotod g 
^ ixosklw favnnbhr any appficaM wife ONC+ £ 

J a proven record of al other requirein eoh L h 

| To ensure that only De d gn w of the MghMl | 
s tandard are sataclad Buriy canddatas wffl o 

undergo in depth Interviews. o 

Above a verage satorfes/rates wfll be offered + § 
fringe benefits. Opportwtities to ban on CAD wB § 
also be offered. Long c o uha ct 1-2 yis + paid 1 
o overtime. n 

$ Send ml or apply to: | 

® Aim Kaney/Mauram Alderton ffi 


S Cromp to n Road, Stevenage, Harts SGI 2EE f 

Tab Office 0438 313488 


Swiss Company is looking for 


for ■ profitable part-time Kthity. Hhcomaritmanistoset 
up a nation wide Disnibancra Nciwort (approx. 12 Dismb- 
morsi for ■ patented new Swiss high technology product to 
be introduced and sold to a specific pro fe moaal croup of 
persons. Candidate* are invited to said tbdr anplKaiions 
to Cipher 44^J472. PtoSdtM. PA Bex. SnTztekk. 
Switz er la n d. 


Exciting opportunity easts 

the West Ena otnee or fps 
(M aaQwnent) Ltd - a major 
force in tne financial 
services industry. 

Bill training, rapid progres- 
sion into management, 
equity participation, remu- 
neration second to none. 

Please call 
Maityn Caravan or 
Nick Wood on 
01-439 8431 


Hue you lad experience of\ 
jobs which atler me reward 
■and no ml career stmctUB? 
This was true for me h the 
past buM have now achieved 
success in a short tone by 
bidding a career looking after 
dfeflts financial afters. ‘ 

I am soekmg someone who 
would Bee to do the same, 
wffli lull training provided. 

for a confidents interview. 



Bright enthusiastic 
seif motivated ABTA 
experienced person 
required for small ■ 
Chelsea retaB travel 
company. irnmedatB 
start Tel 

Miss V O'Sharmessy 
01 581 8306. 


require experienced full-time 
with conveyancing: bias. 

Contact Reference SM. 

TeL* 01-637 1763 



• £13,000 basic • BMW •LONDON AREA - 

Dus to their contlnubig expansion our cltont, leaders In the field of office technology, require further 
executives, aged 2S/40, to. market their extensive range of office products. 


9 Must haw a proven track record 

• Be capable of negoti at ing at the highest level 

• Wei organi se d^ seif disciplined and an 
aocompkshed communicator 

• Wishes to be pert of a go ahead and 
sales driven team 


• £f&000 basic + BMW company car 

• High on-target earnings 

• Job satisfaction now and career 
opportunities in the future 

• Continuous personal development 





Yamaha-Kembto Music, the U.K. cflsiribution 
arm of the world leader in Musical Instru- 
ments, has an important vacancy as part of 
their strategic expansion policy. 

An opportunity to continue the spectacular 
market growth of our range of high quality 
pianos, soiling to established Musical Instru- 
ment Rotators. The successful candidate wfll 
be able to demonstrate the ability to develop 

innovative sales strategies, mount product 
knowledge presentations to dealers' staff, 
and motivate and assist dealers' own promo- 
tional activities. A proven track record is 
* required, together with some knowledge of a 
keyboard instrument 



Our renowned Retail Store, Chappefi of 
Bond street is about to be augmented by 
two more specialist establishments within 
close proximity: a General Manager, cover- 
ing all three outlets, Is now to be appointed. 
Applicants must be able to show experience 
gained in a senior retail position, and wM 
appreciate the exciting challenge posed by 
this appointment 

As the major group in the Music Industry, we offer a 
comprehensive benefits package, together with a 
highly attractive salary and Incentive scheme. 

Please write in the first instance, enclosing C.V. to: 

Adrian Baker 
Administration Director 
Yamaha-Kembte Music (U.K.) Ltd 
Mount Avenue 
Milton Keynes 
MK1 1JE 




For large City solicitors. Important position co- 
ordinating the activities of over SO secretaries, 
all with word processors. Several years legal and 
personnel experience essential plus thorough 

aywriier. Substantial 

Thesa positions are open to Mala and Female cantf d ates. espedaiy those who sea themselves as 
Managing Directors of their own ten ho rtes. 


For an immediate and confidential interview, please ’phone us now orc- 

01-240 3223 01-379 7575 

Barton Trench Recruitment, 12-13 Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, London WC2E 8LH 

salary and excellent 

Fdr details, telephone Anthony Cook Associates 
on 01-243 3404. 

ski nsorr am 86/B7 >» 
M. 2ft+. good French, 
reasonable xM-tna relevant « 
Mftancr essential. Oourtea or 
su****. Urea Bin Paul. Free- 
dom Holidays Oi 7<1 1684. 
■ANT negotiator rea.MMltyvc 
+ m reliable. 833 38B1. 

e xp ert lob rarer guManre. 
Rodney Sly Associate. Tel- 
BerMia mated (04427) 72209. 

EXP (MfMC imwikE 
Young versatile person lor 
■mall creative Sooth Coast 
group. Salary negotiable. TeL 
ChKheeter iOSOS) 788344. 



Profes si o nal Guidance ad 

Assessment for al aps. 

15-24 jkc Coras. Canos 

25-34 yes: Progress. C h rag ea 

3554 yorfleviur. 2nd Caras 

FaC de ads In tee bndUK- 

m Gbaoskr Place W1 
01-935 5452 (24 Us) 

• •O 


City £20,000 package 

Our client, a Top 4 International Bank committed to extending 
excellent career growth opportunities to Accountants, is seeking 
to appoint a Business Analyst to join its Financial Control 

Working within an analytical and marketing environment, key 
i will include: 


An you softny. 
ionwmA? Do you tack anUMi 
aid entnprawikl drive end 
hNBte idea at iMgh income? B 
your quWcs and needs are the 
Id these, toto- 


TTns could be your opportunity. N 
you Ihm ei London or the Home 
Counties, are 25-K *#b tawneis 
aeumn. «c «i Ban you to a we 
career wlh BrSssn’s faa&s com- 
n the teonaal sanecas 

Hr briber MumaSou ring: 
M Sqdra 

*1-242 4288. 

its on the 

reporting toBoard LeveL 
• Promoting inter-departmental Financlai Control. 

This is a high-visibility role where success will ensure a 
Management appointment within 6-12 months. We invite 
applications from recently Qualified Accountants able to 
demonstrate clarity of thought, effective riaeigi on - making and a 
desire to succeed within a highly demanding environment 
For farther information call VTVTENNE SHALL, quoting 
reference 2187. 

TeL 01-2426321 

Personnel Resources 75 Gray’s Inn Road London WClX 8US 



. .•..-na-rn.v*. < 


regoires duty nnnig ereg with 
rwriny rtpfTtfqcr far litlft WflA 
and good atari; Waims* foil or 
pan mm experience prefared, 
Cornact Manageress om 

01 874 2808 . 

\lsor urgrndy reoinrod for 
cargo , Japonax imiwrt/ 
report/ rttoii 4W- "w 1 *; 
Wa and expertenretf in all 
aspects of retoU mw ooiDcnt. 
Duties to iadvde w a/a HU 
eon mu. nun wore, ameittoiitg 
and tietnonstratiann. Large 

number g< japanree rasttenere. 
Fluent Japsmree/Enoltah eosen- 
OU. wmten and spoken aho- 
Cxcellenl piai fw WW pre- 
ion. Rino Mr* J Karan on Oi- 
506 OT7S or write to 
DawnvCfUt UP- 3*8 . 386 He 
bhm Park Rond. London N3 
SU ncissin Wi tv. 

280 vacanneti lor MM.-girM 
18+ to wort in famous AJpbie 
resorts. Long 1KW« sM \«v 
hard work nui oood nay and 
rondUiom- KoreWedu# of 
.Trench Orman anti. or bow* 
experience latuaMe. Ah lotis 
taat fun rereOP Ore- - *»™- *"• 
icntew* Swi. Wriie yrtttiMjr ; 
PO Bos US. London SWix 


quired lor the small London 
showroom of n Ceramic tuespe 
n«w phsoiuI cootaci wuh 
noui profmonai and prtvab- 
rlienl roaTMO. £10000+. TH 
01- 221 tiS2S 

CUmiCULUM WT« wtih stiles 

to meet all letets of enurtov Td: 0296 626*11. 

Audit Manager 

London based 

excellent salary + car + benefits 

Underwoods is rapidly expandhg its network of branches 
throughout the South East Due to otr continued yowth we have an 
ongoing nequrement for high-calibre personnel to meet the 
challenges offered by this exciting environment. 

We are setting up an internal audit section, and require an 
Internal Audit Manager with the ambition and confidence to develop 
this function. 

You wiS probably be a qualified accountant with some internal 
audit experience, or you could be qualified by virtue of your wide 
accwnting experience within the retail secret 

The career prospects are excellent in this expanding company. 

Write in the first instance, enclosing your current cv and full 
salary details, to Joe Hammond. Chief Accountant, Underwoods 
(Cash Chemists) Limited. White City Industrial Park, Wood lane. 
London W127SJ. 


Advanced Technology 


UK and International Projects 
£22-30K Negotiable + Car S. England 

international operations 

with extensive 
a proven track record has created a 

C and other major 
in Finance and Business 
Technology market, the 

jof their new, advanced 
ventures. Interfacing with Government, 1 
funding sources ana with a background i 
Studies, plusa knowledge of the 
ideal candidate will be> 

• 28years-h 

• Qualified in Accoumancy/Finance or Business 

. Administration with Degree status in scientific disciplines. 

• Commercially aware with knowledge of major funding 
sources in UK and Europe. 

• Experienced in co-ordinating complex financial and 
commercial agreements at early research and development 

Operating at Group Level your responsibilities wiD include 
initial approaches and discussions with Government funding 
sources ecJDHSS and DTI as well as involvement with ESPRIT 
and EUREKA project funding resulting in frequent European 
travel With influence over revenue and capital expansion 
programmes you will also liaise closely with Research and 
Development and Manufacturing Departments on an on-going 
basis and report to senior Corporate level management. 

The role is viewed as critical to the future of the corporation and 
success will ensure excellent career progression. 

Tl»s package includes negotiable salary, executive car and a 
rauge oflarge company benefits. 

For an initial and confidential discussio n pl ease call Bob 
Archibold on Newbury (0635) 33445quoring 
reference M/367/T, or write in strict confidence to:- 
(High Technology Search & Selection), 

. ' ARC House, H-13 The Broadway, 

Newbury, Berkshire RG13 IAS. 

Teh Newbury (0635) 33445. 


Licensed Deposit Taker 


To be responsible to the Senior 
management of this small but ' 

for the day to day control and 
it banking operation. 

Applicants should be in the age range 26-35 with at least 2 years* management 
experience with a clearing bank. 

A professional banking qualification (A.IJB.) is required together with the 
adaptability necessary for working within the environment of a large depart- 
ment store. 

An attractive salary will be offered subject to experience and qualifications 
[together with the usual banking benefits. 

Applications, including full c.u., should be addressed to: 

Mr M.G. Hanks 
Knightsbridge, London SWIX 7XL 




I 'i 

«Tvr, _* 


sas f~. 

West End based c£10,000 

Merrill Lynch Relocation Management, part of the world 
wide Merrill Lynch organisation, is a leading and highly 
successful company in the employee relocation business. 

Our business growth and future plans have created a 
vacancy for a Sales Assistant. 

Working ns a part of the Sales and Marketing team you 
will be totally involved in the sales effort. Working confidently 
through the telephone often dealing with senior executives 
you should be able to discuss our services with knowledge as 
well as being able to identify prospects. The ability to type 
and operate a word processor is essential but the impetus of 
the job is not secretarial. 

If you are interested in this challenging opportunity please 
write enclosing a brief CV to Barbara Jenkins. Recruitment ' 
Manager. Merrill Lynch Europe Limited, 27 Finsbury Square, 
London. EC2A LAQ. 

A subsidiary of Scandinavian Airlines, SAS 
International Hotels are the leading hotel chain in 
Scandinavia, operating 18 hotels, together with one 
in Vienna and in Kuwait, with plans for further 
international expansion. 


Required to assist the Regional Director of Sates and the 
Director of Business Development in an exciting and 
challenging environment. 

The successful applicant will possess good secretarial skills, 
have some experience of computer systems and a positive 
attitude towards sales. 

A .salary of £10.000+ will be paid to the right person. 
Please apply in writing with CV to: 

Personnel Department 
Scandinavian Airlines, 

52 Conduit Street, 

London, W1R OAY. 

Resrill Lynch 



Router Sim km arc loaders in the recruitment of lawyers and currently have 
a vacancy in (heir London office tor a smart, outgoing receptionist aged 
between '25 and 35. 

Respntuibiliries include keeping the appointment diary for ten consultants, 
liaison with all callers and a certain amount of applicant processing. 

The company has good offices, a young staff, provides BUPA after a trial 
period and four weeks holiday per annum. 

15 TCT T 1 * Li" JL? Please call Philippa Trott to discuss the ap po in tment 

li jCmIw funher. or write, quoting ref: PT/RR to Philippa Trott. 
TT/'f TkT ' Router Simkin Limited.' 26-28 Bedford Row. London 
MVl JVi IN WCl R 4HE. Td: 01-405 6852. 

K E L K l : 1 f M L N T 



Required to join youne and 
enlhuswiir |j -* m of Mart- 
Brokets bawd in 
Fulham. Musi be able to 
work on own initiative. 
Fast, accurate typing and 
general office amnio. Sal- 
ary ra-Kotuble ojlc. 

Tel: 01-736 0505 



Bright and bubbly secretary to 
Merfca and Production cuntrot- 
lar fast typing ass. S/H useful 
f or a stmiulaiing and vaned role 
n a young and progress'* 
agency. Please ring Hetas so 
01 408 1117 msterestige free 
con) 25 Sorib rfoRH St Wl 


-i f 1:4 , 

noured by Cnelsea Arts Cfctj 
to do a variety of taro mA. 7 
days a tcroigm. 11am - 1am 
nrtAkng iterate me efcen ds 
re. 500 px 

01-352 0973 
(office hours). 

to the 


CBS Records is one of the leading record compa- 
nies in the UK with many of our artistes regularly 
featuring in the Charts. Our Business Affairs Di- 
rector is responsible for the contractual aspects of 
signing new talent to the CBS/Epic/Portrait 

We are now looking for a young and dynamic 
Secretary to assist him in his work which involves 
the negotiation and drafting of recording con- 
tracts. mis is an ideal opportunity to enter the 
world of music where you will frequently be deal- 
ing with artistes and their managers so you must 
have the enthusiasm and interest to become fully 
involved in the work of the department 
You should have excellent shorthand and typing 
skills with a good working knowledge of word- 
processing and the ability to work under extreme 

We are offering an excellent salary and benefits 
package so if you think you've got the personality 
and experience to cope^ then write to me today 
with full details of your career to date: 

Maneeo Heneghan, 

Personnel Dept, 

CBS Records, 

17/19 Sobo Square. 

London W1. 





c. £40,000 + benefits City 

The rapid progress being made by T5B England 
& Wales pic a fiords the idea! opportunity to 
diversify and strengthen all aspects of the Banks 
activities In no other area is this mere true, than 
in the field of commercial lending, covenng not 
only the origination of policy but also the 
development direction and control of an active 
programme of commercial fending for TSB England 
& Wales pic 

A Head of Corporate Finance reporting directly 
to the General Managc-r-Coirforate Setter is now 
sought to control and develop the department 
responsible for borh wholesale and retail lending. 
The dunes will be vaned interesting and 
demanding covenng for example direct client 
contact credit analysis negotiation of lending 
parameters development of new services, training 
of staff and directing marketing initiatives 
The Bank therefore seeks an experienced 
commercial banker to be involved in the overall 
progress of a planned lending strategy There will 
be considerable involvement in policy 
development and implementation together with 
control and motivation of staff in the lending area. 

A broadly based background is therefore required, 
including substantial domestic lending experience, 
together with a wide range of commercial and 
banking contacts necessary for the promotion of 
this range of the Bank's services. Some experience 
of international capital markets would also be 

If you feel that you possess the necessary 
experience and personal skids required for this 
challenging opportunity then write enclosing a full 
curriculum vitae, including details of present 
remuneration, to: 

H. B. Nlchol. 

Personnel Controller 
TSB England & Wales pic. 

Administration Centre. 

100 Lower Thames Street 
London EC3R 6AQ 

to arrive not later than 16th September 1986. 
Please note, candidates who have applied for 
similar positions in the corporate sector in the last 
twelve months will be considered and need not 


S'lWitor* Bcucvnlmt replacement by Novetn- 

Ivr iht Aifiiununi 1 FSCA 1 relinnn December. Ape up tu .it. 
rnmnit-meni fvibry ill 2 . 01*1 with 4k annual increments uf 
jiui indexed. 

Armuntjncv guaJulcatiiin desirable, aid; experience cf nuucid 
adrainiMrathro rod knowledge uf cumputer wsiems eaenlal 
Re*pnfcihilitiet are jdmitustraii»R and rm-.imi of income and 
expenditure [ 4 : budjxunp. 'ubscnptious. legacies, ahrin. ua. 
investment* .rod trusts. 

Offices IV Cl SUIT of ti ropnmng tu SMieuty. 

Applv aiih C.V. tu Serreury. 58.V. ^7 Chancery Lane London 

WCl’A INF Tdephnne: OMVo Jb+J 

financial and accountancy 

MMMEESE so*. iram<-r admirm 
Irutra l.» inlmuUonal Oil 
runs Cxrrllrnl mm pros 
imi> «■ sjun r « lannrr 
details ronlad Mmon Ens 

am ■ Tin* Lam sercutnn 1 01 
•M iaU7 

tn OOO Slnrk MSI Co 
□ mtialioir. M€ MC prtnpffh ♦ 

iKirs — rwm Bina Umpv Ol 
?Sa idTM Times Aoy 10 Sum. 



City to £13,008 

Ljnje sfwjsn? eo seeks Jvounq 
part aseauiian; is pw 

j site of its niqtuy onHiiaae dun- 
I Suowbsiho 6 statt and rtie 

ffinr tu dav ronramj ol ine deot 

H-SOOTSitmitKS UKbde muTtit* 

nijint ijsaitnx; Budgeting 3 M 
*iw«asrinii CanfirtUtes snoutd 
ts- rvt 23-rs k# oe oaiennwec 
tu .j,„iifv fief MF 

Sctert Half Personnel. 

Hanw HMW. Wood Street. 

Tel: 01-638 5191- 


gesucht fur em 
dynamioches Team 
enter mt Bank. 
Perfektes Engiiscti+ 
Deutsche- 2-3 Jahre 
Erl ah rung in dresem 
Bereich 1 st unbfidmgt 
eriorderfich. £12^00 - 

236 5501 

iMon-Fr. 9 00-5 301 EmprVjy 

sales &. marketing 


Hn: Samusl |n«es:menr 
Services UC fKir-ie Executive 
aged 30 ■ 50. **tn a 
Dackcroutd :n iRGusiry. 
Ccrorieree or 3ie Prolessxra. 
to zi cared mutter a wde 
rence ol !iiar.cia spvses to 
btsiiessroei;. professional 
i(ueiroe2iar>es A inovduals 
Send CJ 10 

• Band HA 
Hfl Sansei 

imsnent Serve** Ud. 

I Mak!u S. Looiaa W1H SWA 

w ring 01-434 4503. 



HanUunf Botanical Gardens 

The University of Genoa (Italy), having recently taken scien- 
tific charge Over the Hanbury Botanical Gardens at Mortola 
( Ventimiglia), intends to let out on contract the service 
connected wtm the opening of the same Botanical Gardens 
to the public. 

Whoever s interested in organizing and carrying out the 
service is asked to apply with any useful references to; The 
Rector. Universita di Genova. Via Balia 5. 16124 Genova 
{Italy], falling due on September 10th. 

The candidate grantee will have to vouch for an adeduate 
implementation of the service with a reliable degree of 
technical competence. 

The University Rector 
Ennco Beltrametri 


£11,000 + BONUS 

As pan oT the MD's team, 
you will be at the forward 
edge of the Invcstmcni 
Management Dcpanmcni 
of a leading UK Merchant 
Bank. Working mainly for 
the Executive Assistant to 
the MD. you will be 
briefed daily on all new 
developments so that you 
can cover for any other 
learn member. 

Internal uoublc-shooung. 
new dicn I development, 
special project work and a 
demanding PA role add up 
to an excellent career step 
for an ambitious City 

Age 23-28. Skills: 100/60 

726 8491 



Hsrtfe A Untie Treaty Or gn i sa Uoa 
tea ted sear Moss, Belglm 

■el: T/SCL/18t88) 

to aider to be considered. eamWates must be ovw 
21 years of ape and have a good education to GCE 
level At least tin years' office experience and 
speeds of SO/45 wpm shorthand/typrog are re- 
quired. Experience of word-processing and 
knowledge of French is an asset 
Starting monthly tax-free salary is approx £907. 
Fringe benefits include pension scheme and gener- 
ous medical care plan. Personnel is entitled to six 
weeks paid annual leave plus two weeks home 
leave every two years. 

SHAPE offers challenging work In an in ter na tio na l 
environment. Community Ufa with social activities 
and sporting facte&es are avadatrie on the campus. 
SHAPt is ideal Fy located on the Condiunt with 
good connections with the UK and many European 

Typewritten person) restenft and handwritten cover 
letter sjviw tull particulars and staring the above 
reference should reach the following address within 
ten days 

Official app&caiion forms wil only be 
sent to sutahle potential carcgdates for 
further consideration. 

Tests/interview wiO be held in London 
during the last week of October 1986. 


The Principle of a rapidly expanding Design Consul- 
tancy shortly moving to Waterloo, requires an 
experienced Personal Assistant who wiB help him 
•make time to design and work with his creative 

He needs a PA who is unflappable, with a high 
degree of aiteSgenoe and self sufficiency, who can 
organise Ns business affairs and deal with clients in 
a professional manner. 

You would also be kivolved in developing new busi- 
ness opport u nitie s , and generally be part of the 
creative, exciting, somebmes hectic business of 
consultancy. An at^ty to work under pressure and a , 
sense of humour is essentia). 

Written app&catkms, enclosing a CV should be sent ! 
marked private and confidential to Mrs B Levine, I 
Satheriey Design Associates, 8-16 Cromer Street ' 
London WCl H8U_ 

Senior Secretary 


Fed up with commutlngT 
Live in the Becta/Herts Area? 

Then join us here at Beefeatcr 
Steak Houses In DunstaWe; 

Ws'reamaior company within the Retail Dhrisian of 
tobe the most dynamic Sheakhouse chain Sntfie ' , 
country • ■■ • 

OurbusyanddemanAtgAlariaglngpiiwaorB • 
experienttd Senior Secretary to prowlde him wkh art 
3 «-round secretarial and admlnistratfwe service 

tou should have excellent shorthand and typing 
skits ( 110 / 60 ) as well as having a wefl-orgarifeedapd 
ap pnad i m a buy varied and interestfrigt . - 
wotk load. And notjustattHead Office. fbry ou'B ha re 
the opportunity of accompanying him on bushes ■■ 
around the country 

In return, we offer a compaitive s^ay pfti5-an 
exuemefyattraafvebenefitspackage.andtNril^ - 
all the time and money you'll save ty worldngjocanyl 


cxdtfng opportunity, please contact V 
Chrfatinc Bladde, P erso nnel Officer on % 
Oumtabfe (0582f 600 744 or send your c-vuto 
Herat Bee fe at e r 
Steak Howes, 

PO Bm 31, 

The Hatfvway House, 

Luton Road, 

Dunstable, Beds 

ij^jf (XixX 

.-If! Vh’ I 


§ DESIGNS . f¥j| 

8 A CCOID 8 

§ Accord are the leading innovators fo the § 
o Greeting Cards and Gift WraODinq 2 
o market • 


0 We are looking for a young (20-25) go- o 
§ ahead person complete with office skills § 
o who has the ambition and energy to be- o 
§ come fully involved in the creative § 
o process in our Card Marketing & Produc- o 
g tion Team. g 

g No design experience essential. We wit) g 

where you will help see ideas through § 
o from inception to ultimate retail sale. o 

o Publishing in this area is fun, hard work, o 
rewarding and very fast moving. Salary § 
£9,500 pkis Bonus. g 

g Join a winning team in a growth industry, o 
o Start by phoning me - Clare Brooker on 5 
g 01.354 01 01- I did just the same three g 
o years ago. o 

o Accord PubBcafions pic, 8 

R Baldwin Terrace, § 

g London N1 7RU o 





Book Chib Associates are looking for a Secretary/ 
Admin Assistant to work in their Overseas Market- 
ing Department 

Reporting to the Overseas Marketing Manager, the 
successful candidate will combine exceBent admin- 
istrative and org a ni sa tional skins with accurate 
typing and general secretarial ability. 

A working knowledge of French together with word 
processing skills would be very useful. 



expanding young 
■ company in 
South London. 
High standard of 
French, excellent 
and w.p. skills 
essential. For 
further details 

01-703 7031 


Senior Executive re- 
quires Secretary/PA 
(23+)- ExceBent secre- 
tarial skills Including 
shorthand essential. 
Good academic back- 
ground, ability to 
organise priorities and 
cornmuracata at senior 
level required. Pleasant 
working environment 

Please apply to 
John Sayer 
01-730 8131 Ext 218 


Join a young zany 
of brokers rad head for 
quick promotio n . As the 

odi um , support, to the 
broker you wifl use your 
rusty typing occasion- 
ally on WP and 
computer. Insurance a- 
perirace essential. 

Call Lyase Lait 


Up to £8,500 

We are looking for an accurate typist (60-70 wpm) 
to work in our friendly Kensington office. The job 
involves a mixture of WP. audio and reception 
work. Word processing experience is necessary 
though additional training wil! be given. 

Candidates should be smart well-spoken and 
educated to at least ‘O' Level standard, A non- 
smoker is preferred. 

If you are interested, in working for this small 
international company which deals with credit 
card security, please write with your CV by 1st 
September to: - - • 

/^nn Ms R. Sutton, ; 
u. ' ■ Card Protection Plan, 

W - I *" “ Earls Court fldad, 

-■ ' London W86EG.' 


Tie Chairman of an established public company, 
who also has academic and charitable interests, 
needs a highly-qualified PA to work in the 
Gronp’s small head office in the City. 

Applicants should have good 'A' levels and pref- 
erably a University degree. Flexibility, m a tu ri t y 
and a readiness to use mdependent judgement are 
essential- Word processing experience would be an 
advantage. T . .. r .-^. 

Salary negotiable in the region of £12^)00 pa. 

Write with CV ta 
Mrs. SL Sudos 
52 LeadeahaR Street, EC3A. 2BN 

to £9500 SW1 

8 ^ CaR Kar^ , 

Middleton Jefers 


Young secretaries interested in working full or part 
time in universities, charities ebL, either 
permanently or temporarily, are asked to - - 


Tel 629 1331 

g with other 
vouchers. 4 
d staff dis- 

The position carries a good salary along with otha 
benefits tnhxSng El per day luncheon vouchers. 4 
weeks hofiday. season ticket loan and stHff efis- 
oourrt on books and records. 

Please write with CV stating salary required to: 

Jenny Monish, Book Cfub A sso cia te s, 
Smithy Dotfofoday House, 87 Newmsn Street, 
London W1P 4SL Telephone 01-637 0341. 


This rapidly expanding sponsorship and marketing 
consultancy requires 


More Asmst and scope 
than s usual here as Re- 
ceptionist in lovely West 
End offices, good voice & 
preserdation a must Age 
20+ . typing atOty. Ceil 
Lara on 408-1631 

If v ‘: i j 1 

■K i * 

« * ^ -A y-iim 


Required for small busy Es- 
tate Agents office m West 
End. Audio and WPskflls es- 
sential. WooM sub 19-23 
year old prepared to work 
tart- Salary according to 
age and experience. 

CV to John Uggias of 
Ofiver Uggtos, 

22 Old Bond Street 

Lotfw WL 


need an organised, , 

knowledgeable and en- 
thusiastic person to help 
with admin and serving 
customers in their coun- 
try clothing shop, in 
London SW1. 

Please telephone 
Alastalr Baxter 
0285-68977 ' 

tasks Fast accurate typing and shorthand essential, 
ideally, appficants wifi be abto to start wtthfci next couple 
of weeks. Salary accor ding to age and experience. CV 
and currant pcsffion/salary to: Lauhe BromUe, APA 
LaL, Dnrkaa House, Darkma Boast Strte, WC2N6HG. 

No Ageraries. 



Required for Property 
Company In the city. 
Good salary £7-28,000 
pa. paid to experienced 
capable person. Small 
friendly office. Varied 
and interesting position. 

Tel: Syfvia Often 
01-248 6047 
(No Agencies) 



Do ftn Brae ■ a bar pvsamd 
WmmBf Are you a mad 
argrasa wro bw aSrai’ Tao. 
ms targe pnwgos h» bobIb m« 
w he* mm wu aj ai)i They need a 
sups ettjoen sbntnand S*r 180/60* 
w» WP em b aunt me Pengnwi 
Manama Cnod (nsenaban rat pro- 
hssvia apa w a ta tswteai 


and Associates 
Reuuitumt C Btu a toi Hs 

01-637 5277 


Experienced person 
for varied work for 
small pubfisher WC2. 

WP an advantage. Sal- 
ary Negotiable. 

Tel 01-930 8246 


Managing Dtrectix of sman 
advatismo agency witli lw- 
name clients urgently 
requires iwjh-cafibre ssae- 
tay assistance. 

TBfflY ROMP 8 Cff LTD 
01-928 79S6 






:trade advertisers 

TEL: 01-481 1920 
FAX NO. 01-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 
TEL: 01-481 4000 



MV; - 

’if 5 \ 


i- <■ 

3]S5-h;?»- , •. .• 

J dTK i. • • . 

* 1 »: 8,- :■ - - 
Ev.te .. 

-9G tl« . i'u U - • 



* *f „ 

5“ ii 





•\ : v 

88 tr Float mil tr with Mg 
tangs, low Mr Irani a»a iw 
lamp polls, many more now, 
l_3XOQ_ imle* Often around 
£l&800. Tot. 063$ 61284. 





WESTMHTEft swn Spawns ne*ly dec 2 tad flat Zncapt n W. 
hath ffftfhg lift. £250 |]W 

CHEUEA SWS Sunny 3 tad mansion W 2 maw. 2 bah. fl «u®*l 
SUett [HI naStres) Ut. porar, use n« a*au: bwJhb. £400 pw 
MARVEEN smith 

01 -937 9801 

AN'S P% 


M i 

Ibe Tfaaet Chasflbed cofamns aie nad by 
13 mffltoa of tfeenast tifflaent people ia the 
country. Tfe fobutag categories appear 
ap Myea tfc wc dt aadare generally - • 
accon^anied fiy ldcMsi!: ©^torial articles. 
Use the coonon (below), and fmd out bow 

Ike Times .Oanfesd. 

= — “MONDAY— — 

Fdnrafion: Uiuvqsiiy Appointments, Prep & 
Public School Appointments, Edu c at i onal 
Goanes, Scholarsfcps and EeOowships. 

La Ckemede la Geme and other secretarial 
a ppointments. 


Computer Horizons: Computer Appoint- 
ments with editorial 
f jf g pt Appointments: SoBdtors, Com- 
mercial Lawyers, Legal Officers, Private & 
Public Practice. 

Legal La Oneme for top legal secretaries. 
Pubik Sector Appointments. 


La C^ow de h Creme and otter secretarial 

Property: Residential, Town &. Country; 
Over se as, Rentals, with editorial. 

Antiques and CoOectaUes. 

■= THURSDAY = — 

General Appointments: Management and 
Executive appointments wiffi editorial 

La Creme de la Creme and other secretarial 


Motors: A complete car buyert guide with 

Business to Bmutess: Business opportunities, 
franchises etc. with editorial 
Bestonmnt Guide. 


Ora*e«mdUKHoSdij*: ViDai/Cottages, 
Hotels, Flights etc. 

01-491 1734 
01-629 3368 

ATCL 1824 

■■ oirrurBBaoa.8wn.FMt in 
Nor land hum wit Itr 1-8 
pwipto. Modem and fully fur- 
Mailed. £90 P.W. TefcOl 997 
1706 no. 

01-878 91 41 

R» toritftt * tonM Notts 
to KMMmw bat spats. Css 

01-741 4686. ATOt. 432. . 
Worldwide diawd earn. 
Richmond Travel. 1 Duke St 
w h iwiI ABTA 01-940 4073. 
TWIH. taftci budn for 
yew summer Hobday. Can hr 
oar bract wi re now. Tnnhlm 
Travel Bureau. 01-373 4411. 
AUCAHTE. F4n>. Matagii etc. 

Dfmond Travel ATOL 1783- 
- -01-081 4641. Morah am 68041 
AUCAHTE. Fare. Hihp He. 

ntomwl Travel ATOL 1783. 
.01-681 4642. Worstsam 68641 
ALL US dm Lowest fare* on 
motor ochedutod camera. .OX- 
684 7371 AB TA 
Best Mtow anywhere. Shy 
Travel. 01 BM 7406. ABTA • 
MM MM £488. Bangkok 
£369. smg sMsr. oner fe«m- 
les 01-684 6614. 

FBgMx FhMar 01-471 0047 
.mi ISiA .H-w/Vtaa 

BO WEST hamper brochure oat 
now packed with an the lop re- 
eortt. Sunday nights meal me 
tramciL and anMMnMy low 
prms starting al £69. mug lOl) 
786 9999 for your copy. 
ABTA69206 ATOLI383. 

BHWOMLD Top Sid Doom. 
Lowest Prices. ABTA. 
Brochure: 01 602 4826. 


DEVON Peaceful furnished 
coachhouse on Estate. SUn6-8. 
Beautiful woods, walks A fish- 
ing. £120 per week. Vacant 
Grom 13(11 sent. Tel; 0932 
760633 day- 01-749 6976 evev 


13'sll ■'•■it' ] 

Luxury serviced, 2 douUe 
badrpoms. 2 receptions, 
bathroom with w.c. separate 
cloakroom. Near tube and 
buses. E32&00 per week, 
Co let only. 

PIMM ltadiy-Sat>r«ay 
01 581 SIOOT 



Noace to hereby given Out the 
emtaon of (he above-named 
Company which H Ming votun- 
lortv wound up. are required, on 
or before die 26tn nay at Semem- 
bse 1966. to tend m mrtr fun 
ChiMHn and surname*, ibetr *d- 
drfnn and dncnpUnns. fun 
parhculara of iiik mho or 
ciaum. and Ihr names and ad- 
drrwrS Of their Sohcrtoca (d any), 
lo me unnemgnM Anthony Ray- 
mond Houghton of 33/34 
Chancery Lane. London wc2a 
1EW the LMwdator of me said 
company, and. u w mum by 
nouce in writing frara the said- 
Liowdaior. are. personally or ny 
their SoBraor. u come In and 
prove their debt* or damn at 
such time and (dace as shall be 
sp ecified in such nonce, or m de- 
fault (hereof mey win be 
excluded from the benefit of any 
dtstnbuiMn made before such 
debts are proved. 

DATED Una 21 day of August 

Anthony Raymond HouoMoa 

voluntary BauManonl 

NOTICE 1 Is betray gnrn mat 
■he CreoUors of the above-named 
Company are required on or be- 
fore me 50U1 day of September 
1986 lo send In then- names and 
addrene*. wdb particulars of 
their Debts or CLuras and the 
manes and add reim i of lleir So 
baton uf anyi. lo the 
undemueu'd wauam Thomas 
TK-Mf of 5. St Georges St. Doug- 
las. Hie of Man. toe Lraiwaator of 
the said Company, and. U so re- 
quired by notice m writing w me 
said Liquidator, are by thru- SoUr- 
Uors or personally lo rome in ami 
prove lb«r satd Dents or Oairna 
al such lone and place as snaB be 
apecuied m such nouce. anile 
taun ton-rot they will be 
evrtudM from the benefit of any 
dntnbutton made before sum 
debts are proved. Ttus notice ts 
purely formal and all known 
Creditors have been, or win be. 
pant in lidl. 

Dated 7 August 1986 
W T 


Re: Andtreon White A Jones 
Builders Ltd. T/A L w Hubbard 
Ihi voluntary LMwdanonl 
And die Companies Act 1986 
me CREDITORS of the above 
named Company are required On 
or before Friday Hie 26Ui Septem- 
ber 1 986 lo send mrtr names and 

addresses and particulars of uietr 
detxsor claims to the undersigned 
Richard Andrew Segal of 18 
Denehum Garden*. Woodford 
Wells. Essex. 1G8 OPA me Liqui- 
dator of ihr said Company and If 
so rewired by notice lo writing 
from Hie satd Liquidator are lo 
come in and prove metr said deots 
or dans al such une or glare os 
shall be specified in such nance or 
In default thereof they wm be ex- 
cluded from Hie benefit of any 
dMrtbuUon made before such 
debts are proved. 

Doled Hus HUB Day of August 

R-A. Segal 

suant to Section 688 of the 
Companies Art. loss. that a 
MEETING of the credHora of me 
above named Company will be 
held at the offices of LEONARD 
CURTS A CO- muawd at 30 
Eastbourne Terrace <2»d noon 
London W2 6LF on Thursday the 
1 1th day of September 1986 al 
12-OOo'ctock midday for the pur- 
poses provided formsecuoa»S89 
and 390 

Doled the 20th of AngtiH 1986. 


>-■— K f.SlIltNTI A I — ^ 




Setacson g> nffilUM tst 
itos WRUUt ogH ojt o» Tkamn 
tar Wig fee 6 - iZawnttstrom 
E2QQ pw- 

PmSco Office 
01-834 9998. 


■n uvBwa sc, v.i. do- 

hefttW 3 betkm apt vnth battum, 
snwnn 8 up wx. Very bgM S 
slogan! dbto rocop with stf< 8 
most feng aspocL Exc. (/I kit 
Newly nshjrn. Ca Let 1 yr U 
£350 p.w. 

1 Docfem aoL « improssregly ro- 
hirtehod Mdng wdb Ul Exc 1/1 
M * tied ta&L Mod furnish- 
-piqb. Ca Lot 1 yr at 5250 p.w. 

01-631 5313 



For the best 
rental selection of 


in prime London areas 
270 £*Hs Court timid. SWS. 

01-244 7353 

nisfied 2 dbte bed net in 
maramn Mock. High cemngs. 
main reerp uila bay with long 
windows. Mod klL w/nryor A 
bathroom. video entrance 
phone, dtdr guzmg. re* porter 
A OIL Co let 6 months ptu*. 
£240 pw Goddard A Snmti 01- 
930 7321 

KMCHTSBHIDOE Dellglitfid mod 

2 ctblr bed nai in preiuge Mock. 

3 bams plus loctuzl. receb. 
study/dmmg room. German ut 
- an marldnev. porter A irn + 
keys lo private Square adns. Co 
long lei £600 pw Goddard A 
Smith 01-930 7321 

QUCOMfXAYC «W7 A superb 
1st floor apartment of over 
2000 sq.ft. Magnificent rooms 
with Mgh rdlltigs A bakuniea. 
3/ 4 bedrooms. 2 receptions. 
2** balhs Newly refurtushed 
throughout JuU details:- 01 -936 

|A Keith 
KSr Cardale 
lw Graves 


Sxtcnr^ T 'fur* imCive new: 
bouse Mlti iptitje Ffc-vp ijam 
NIU> -I baS ’ trrib-. rkuknxnti 
Oaflrn PM| 511X1 pa 


Sarcun al niKUCuix ’ jnfl 3 

bnhwn ’Lih >•■ nlmb nu£nn 
Hock MM t« rslalaffifiq 4l V 
ran level Finer 'oum Lunm . 1 
iwn*' hnts ? I rum* rirauocn 
ft dm iiAd [w igaiuuig In 
sepasK BirogmvnJi 


Belgravia IMS A houses re- 
quired lor American Companies 
hum £200-£2.000pw. High cal- 
ibre properties also available 
now. Burgos Estate Agents 

baths il enstdlel. dk room. 3 
recep. Ige ML all machine, ga- 
rage. gdn, 3 min* tube and 
shops. Avon now. mnq Co let 
req 2 yr min. £380 00 pw neg. 
ukJ gardener. Ol 469 0605. 

BATTVRHA. Let rm with own 
MUuin m newtv mod hse wtm 
doner. Ooae Ctonham sm 
uoe. £66 pw Me except phone. 
Vigors 01 236 1322 ed 128 
May) 01 228 1801 after 6.16. 

^01-629 66 04^ 

WIMBLEDON. linnrJu-il hw .V 
4 nedrm*. 2 irerpl. mod mi a 
bain. Gge taoil gdn Ca b-1 
only EZOOpw. Tel Ol Ho 
7286 or 879 1729 iduy >. 879 
.1566 TV e*l. 

r.W. BSff. iManaqemenl Ser 
vnr-i Ud jrqtar-- prop-rfle* in 
Central. ShuUi and Wrl Lon- 
don areas lor waning 
applicants 01-221 HHJM 

FULHAM SWS. Ground noor ILM 
available immedulrly. Open 
plan living, lulclten Double 
bedroom, col tv. Paiio. £105 
pw. Tel. Ol 878 77«s6. 

HAW5TLAD sell conlawed fully 
furnished flat, l doulrir. 1 suKde 
bed mi. living rm. Mlcnm. 
oaihrm. central healing. 1 year 
£135 PW Tel: 01 436 6069 

IAMFSTEAD Luxury 2 bed p/b 
Hal recenily refurbished Brand 
newUKhen & anpnances A Im. 
nbhHHB C200PU exc T«1 01- 
456 4215 or 0636 222266 

HENRY * JAMES Contort is now 
on 01-236 8861 for the knl se- 
lection of furnished nan and 
houses lo rent in Knighubrldgr. 
Chelsea and Kensington tT) 

wn , _ s h* 9 KOLLAHO PARK Modern fuUy 

■ntz Lge urn* nouse 6 ocas, z i luniMM | nai in Martina 

lunushed rial in Norland 
Square W1 1 suiting 1 person or 
roaple £150 p.w. Td^M 997 
1765 eveu 

BLBHSTMf Self ronialned gar- 
den Hat Fully furnished. 1 bed. 
1 reception. KdrB. In quirt 
Barnsbury square £iOOpw 
hid Trt.Ol 607 2390 eves 

avail A read, far diplomat* 
executives Long A short lets it 
all areas, uptrend A Co. 48. 
Albemarle Sf WT.oi -499 5334. 

BARNES sons. IH (]r. Recep 
overlooking Thames. Kitchen 
baUirm. I dblr. 1 sgle bedrm 
CO M. £120 pw. 01 8TB 7766 

SWlS/Pomey hdrs Enchanting 
sunny Edw hse 3 beds, garden 
6/12 months. £225 p w Co let 
0243 572 302. 

COSHAM - Superb nouse In pr« 
mier road, close to nation. 
£1-500 pcm. Tel ■ 01 947 1566 

ST. MARVLEBOHE. Prtv ale Lon 
dan Estate dote to BroadrnsUne 
House hoc two 1 roomed unlur 
rushed flats each wUh KUchen 
and bathroom. Well pmeturd 
Company Let Base only and 
rentals about I L M B per 
annum exaustve Prrncuuh 
only. Reply lo BON A33 
lux nal/nousn up lo LBOQpm- 
Usual lees req Phillips Kav 4 
Lewis. South of Ure Bark ChH 
sea office. 01-362 8111 or 
North of Ihr Park Regent s 
Park office. 01-586 9882 
DULWICH. Mag town lew- on hid 
top wtm panoramic views. 4 
bedrm*. lge retro, dining rm 
with barony, morning rm. 2 
baUirms. tuny lid kii A uunty 
rmv dble gge A gdn. Musi be 
seen. £200 pw. 244 7355 

Hlgngstr. Modern family houve 
In auM attractive mews. Lge 
Living area. 4 beds, master lot: 
shower no pano gdn. garage 
£820 pcm TeL 01 267-0245 or 

I MOMMO HP A mow desirable res- 
Men Hal district. 3 bedrm flat. 
iMefuily mod wuh spanorn 
lounge, din lug rm. lge Ameri- 
can style klL bathnu 3. 5h»T 
rm Ntwty doc- Aruour iurn. 
CO let £200 pw. 244 7363 
BLACK HEATH Immaculate 2 
bed bouse, dose 10 sianon wilti 
frequrnt irasi service, luffs fur 
rushed to Mgh standard, gdn*. 
garage. £626 pm. Tel: Ol 318 
9666 or 02277 0241. 
houoe. newly converted. 10. 
beds (4 asm. FWly furnished, 
with gem. c/h ana sauna. Com 
- piece let only, suu compan* or 
brganmuMm. Reply BOX H57 
KENSMCTOH. Degant 2 bed nai 
in good ponered block Double 
recess Both. Separate elk Mod 
A kit all much. Gge. Lid Conurr 
gardens. £366 pw Benham A 
Reeves 01-938 3622 
HOLDERS OREEH k/c kludm. has 
p ho tir. £86 pw tnrl. Enhcm 
R emals 01-883 S4S7 
Guide tarry houses, rials, 
bedsit*. 01-086 757e 
MARBLE ARCHi v* l Lux rooms 
in lge nw> From £48 pw iik 
B un female TN.0I-402 71Q3 
N. LONDON turn bedsit phone 
Htkuiq C36 pw inn. Express 
Remap. PI am EA5? 

NEW ADU1HQ1DN self rohlalued 
CH Flat phone pfus garden. £73 
pu Rental Guide 686 7376 
NW1 - S.'c flat. Bed ill rm 
kilenen^diner. Bdfhroote CH- 
Sutl vinam C95DW me 267 3877 
0TW PUTHEY MLL allraclisc 
lullv equipped 2 bed Hal in well 
mam lamed work Tag B2i 7 
Soar I Bed rial £75 inrl ■* £90 
<*vrt pw. Tei 234 7772 
SHEFWmS BUSH 3 bed mr ' 
nish»d linl floor flat with 
garden £480 or m 740 787] 
ST. JOHN* WOOD, lux 2 bed nai 
C200 pw do Let 01 431 2203 r 
& u. 

TOuieH Newly decoratM 
bedsit Double roam £38 pw 
mrt henlal Guide 686 7576 

flat private parking. Oft £320 I WE CAN HECR you find notae*. 

pw Trl. 22l 4061 or 409 0891. 
BALHAM. 3 bedreora CH house. 
Kid*. PON WHNtM. £125 pw 
Rental Guide 686 7976 
EAUMQ Lge luxury 4 bedroom 

Hals ana share* m K Loud cm 
Expreto Rentals 01 883 5457 
Contort Rirlurd or Miry. Dam. 
W'oolfr A Co 402 7381 

house, country Mlchen. gdn. I WH4JCSMH 3 ned house, ha 

ungion Antique Gauety. 
Expei lei we necessary Please 
Phone 01-4S5 5981 

£195 pw Finch*! 01-736 8906 
FULHAM Luxury i bed apart, 
mem. nr Tine. All new. £120 
pw r inch's 01-736 8809 
FULHAM Brand new lux 2 bed 
IbiL H inched Nr Tube £178 
pu Finrn** 01-736 5606 - 

Oatden Claopwmcl rale,.£n 
preSA Rr-IHMV 01-863 5457 

Wll. Debghiiui 2 dm 2nd floor 
fUl in Hail' Crescrnf Laron 

recnp Kit Baih/UC. Cl 96.00 
Ben ham 6 Reeves Ol 938 




Catherines Well 
can extend 
her excellent 
sprint run 

By Mandarin 

The Yorkshire trainer Mick 
Easterby. still buoyant after 
fulfilling a long-held ambition 
to saddle the Gimcrack win- 
ner. which he achieved with 
Wiganthorpe, has also been 
enjoying a profitable period 
with his bargain filly, Cath- 
erines Well. 

Bought for only 6.000 guin- 
eas by Easterby after she had 
made IR 18,000 guineas as a 
foal. Catherines Well has re- 
warded her Sheriff Hutton 
trainer with three victories 3S 
a juvenile and just recently a 
scintillating spell of sprinting 
in which she has landed three 
good-class handicaps, includ- 
ing the Northumberland 
Sprint Trophy at Newcastle 
and Ripon's Great Sl W ilfred 

Catherines Well is obvi- 
ously in peak form just now, 
having completed a treble 
with a facile victory at New- 
market last Friday. Not 
surprisingly. Easterby saddles 
her again loday. for the Max 
Jaffa Sprint Handicap at Bev- 
erley. before the handicapper 
gets" the chance to reassess her 

Even so. Catherines Well, 
with top weight of 9st 61b, still 
has to cany a I0lb penalty for 
today's fivc-furlong contest 
which will be reduced by the 
3lb-c!aim of her young rider, 
Gary Carter, with whom she 

has struck up such a successful 

When scoring over six fur- 
longs at Ripon Catherines 
Well had one of today’s rivals. 
Sew High, eight lengths back 
in third place. Now Brian 
McMahon's three-year-old re- 
opposes on a pound better 

Celtic Bird has also been in 
lop form recently. The six- 
year-old mare has won her 
latest two starts, at Ripon and 
Thirsk, but will be hard 
pressed to beat Catherines 
Well, who is napped to extend 
her winning sequence to four. 

Guy Harwood, from his 
Pul borough base in West Sus- 
sex. is quite prepared to travel 
his horses extensively to seek a 
winning opportunity. After 
finishing a dose second to 
Tamatour at Yarmouth last 
week. Guessing has a fine 
chance of opening his account 
in the Walkington Maiden 
Stakes over two miles. 

John Winter's stable has 
high hopes of lifting the EBF 
Routh Maiden Fillies's Stakes 
with their Brighton runner-up, 
Miss Runaway, but I have 
slight preference for another 
Newmarket challenger, 
Silrercoast a daughter of 
Thatch, who has been showing 
good speed on the home 

Ben Hanburv has declared 


Going: good to firm 
Draw: 5f-6f low numbers best 

2.0 SEAGULLS MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: £1.774: 61) (11 runners) 

3 00 LAST CRY (K F Butter & Co LM) P Mttchol 9-0 AMcGtonelO 

4 0-0340 PERSIAN BALLET (Mis B Alexander] P Walwyn 9-0 PauJEddwy3 

S 0-30240 SUPERCOOMBE (E Jamesoni P Cote 9-0 TOabnll 

7 333400 CLEOFE (USA) (Mrs D Zutcner) L Cuman 0-1 » G Starkly 4 

8 00-0 DANCER-DO n WMonianl A Jams 8*1 1 W R Swtabum 9 

8 00-0 DANCER-00 |T WtSunyn) A Janns 8-11 WRSwMwn9 

9 204-020 ENIGMA (G Lean) B HMs 8-11 - B Thomson 2 

<2 03 GRANGE FARMLADYIR Bates) MTafflpkms 3-11 AMacfcayl 

13 00 KINGSFOLD FLAME (Mrs B Nye) M Haynes B-l I — — B Route 5 

15 0004 SHADES OF AUTUMN (Mrs L BuckerfleW) M Haynes 8-11 TWKafl»7 

17 400 TOOTSIE ROLL f John Smpson Ltd) JWPayne 6-11 G Barter B 

18 00 ZLLEBEKE (R Alien) W Brooks 8-1 1 SCau0wn6 

9-4 Eniqma, 7-2 Suwrcoombe. 4-1 Cleote, 13-2 Persian Balm. 

FORM PERSIAN BALLET 7tfi last ttrw, prBvwus* (8-fi) beaten VI and 2 start heads 
into 4th betend Knarrana (9-7) at Lmgfield (81, E2206. good to firm, June 21. 18 ran). 
SUPERCOOMBE. 8th last nine, (tartar (9-011X1 3rd to Latch String (8-11) at thirsk (5t. 
£2006. good to soft. May 10. 17 ran). CLEOFE 5th last tme (50. Barter (7-l2)93rdof 12 
to Mummy's Favourtto (9-7) at Newmarket (71. £8025. good to firm. July 10). ENIGMA 
ttaed oft latest start, previously (8-11) 141 2nd to Pttmtng (8-11) at Nottingham <5f. 

SUPERCOOMBE. 8th last time, (tartar (9-0) 1 XI 3rd to Latch String (8-11) at Dwrsk (5t. 
£2006. good n soft. May 10. 17 ran). CLEOFE 5th last me (5f). Baiter (7-12) a 3rd of 12 
fo Mummy's Favourite (9-7) at Newmarket (71. £8025, good lo firm. July TO). ENIGMA 
teied off latest start, previously (8-11) 1*M 2nd to Plowing (8-11) at Nottingham (51. 
£959. firm. Ji*y 5. 14 ran) GRANGE FARM LADY (8-111 5*l3rd 10 Zulu Knghl (941) at 
Folkestone |6L £813, good to linn. Aug 19. 15 ran). SHADES OF AUTUMN (0-11) was 
2!if away 4th m f LAST CRY (9 4ft 7th. 

Newmarket (7f. £8025. good to firm. July 10). ENIGMA 
lyffi-11) 141 2nd to PUowtng (8-11) at Nottingham (51. 
MGE FARM LADY (8-111 5v,f3rtl to Zulu Knight (9-0) at 
Arm. Aug 19. 15 ran). SHADES OF AUTUMN(6-11) was 

Selection: CLEOFE 

Brighton selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Persian Ballet 2.30 Seek The Truth. 3.0 Golden Beau. 3.30 
Downsvicw. 4.0 My Cup Of Tea. 4.30 Forgiving. 5.0 Ensigne. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent • 

2.0 Cleofe. 2.30 Seek The Truth. 3.0 Golden Beau. 3.30 Ideoligia. 

4.0 My Cup of Tea. 4.30 Tempest Tossed. 5.0 Princely Estate. 
Michael Seely’s selection: 3,0 Blue Brilliant. 

2.30 SADDLESCOMBE FILLIES STAKES (2-Y-O: £1,909: 7f) (9) 

1 21 SEEK THE TRUTH (USA) (W Fartah III) H Ceci 9-3 SCauhenG 

3 0 ACHNAHUAIGH I Mrs H Keswick) P Welwyn 84 PaulEddwy 2 

4 4433 ALHAYAT |A Foustok) R Boss 8-8 WRSwMwnS 

5 BROtGA (Sir T Pvfcngton) J Ditaop 8-8 — . W Carson 7 

8 230 D'AZY (T Stratton Smrth) D Lang B-8 B Thomaon 5 

9 02 HIGH CUMBER (Mry V Rttchard-G<Xdon) R Smyth 85 PCookl 

10 00 HUNT BALL (USA) (P MeAon) I Baktag 8-8 — J Matthias 3 

T2 43 LUKMAR1E (Mrs J Khan) GBniUai 8-8 G Binder 4 

15 04 PMK SWALLOW (Mrs G Davidson) 0 DaH 64 G Starkey 9 

7-4 Seek The Truth. 2-1 D'Azy. 5-1 Hunt Ball, 7-1 Lukmaha 10-1 High OimtMr. 

Leicester clarmer (7f. 

KMd Co firm, July 30} ALKAYAT iB-81 f'-il 3rd to Trynmra (3-9/ « 
162. good. Aug 18. 20 ran). D’AZY (8-9) Bth to Forest Flower (9* 

1 1) at LmgMd |6I. £959. gooo. Aug 9L HUNT BALL (B-1 1) 3'-il 6th to Echo Valley (8-11) 
at Yarmouth (7t. £964. good to hrm. Aug 20. 15 ran). LUKMAXIIE (8-11)3X1 3rd of 7 to 
Ylchzlar [8-1 1) at Yarmouth pi. £2010. good ® firm. Aug 7). 

Selection: D’AZY 

3.0 GEORGE ROBEY CHALLENGE TROPHY (Handicap: £3,017: 7f) 

1 224303 WLTON BROWN (lorn McAipme) P CunrWI 5-104) PCookl 

3 04)0101 raOCESIUSA) (01 (PLoctaIG Harwood 3-9-7(fiOi| G Starkey 5 

4 01-0 100 MAAZI (DT i Fand Salman) P Cok> 5-9-5 SCautt*m6 

7 133003 GOLDEN SLADE IC-OI (M McCaurtl M McCourt 48-6 — _. R Wemftam 3 
B 333012 GOLDEN BEAU IC-D) (D Humusen D Moriey *-M .._ - B Rouse 2 

10 002124 BLUE BRILLIANT (B| (0) (BF) (A ShcaO) B Hris 3-8 4) W Canon 4 

C-1 Codices. 3-1 Hrtton Brown. 4-1 Maori. 6-1 Bhie BrflBant B-1 Gotoeri Slade. 
FORM; HILTON BROWN not quicken when Vo 1 3rd here Inal time (6*1 Barker (9-7) 1‘tf 
3rd W Highest Praise (8-11 at NawOury (7f. £4091. good to firm. Jufy 19. 12 null. MAAZI 
19 51 was 5'ji track in 6tti having earlier (84)1 Deal an Shmairaekn (104)) 21 at Epsom (7L 
E75i8. good. Juno 4, 9 ran) CODICES (94U led dose home when head Folkestone win- 
ner Irom Uslan (0-7) (7f. £959. good io firm, Aug 12, 7 ran). GOLDQI SLADE 18-6) 
baiAed when beaten onw neck and short head mto 3rd behind Sador s Song (9-7) at 
bngfwM |7[. £7725. good to firm. Aug 20. 10 ran). GOLDEN BEAM (8-121 2nd to War 
Wagon (9-7) oi Folkestone (7f. £i5i6, good to firm, Aug 1 9. 1 5 ran). BLUEBR8JJANT(9- 
3i was 2'if back m 4m 
Selection; GOLDEN BEAU 


Going: good to soft 
Draw: high numbers best 

1.45 SATURDAY MARKET HANDICAP (£1,680: 1m 2f) (19 runners) 

, 00-2014 FiEFOOMiCCUtkivv Storey 6-9-12 SWtawerth3 

3 014000 RAPID LAD (C4)NBF) IS BOTStMnyjJSpeanng 8-9-7 OMcboBalS 

4 00*000 EVROS (D) (Mrs h Carnbamsi Lord John RcGerak) *-96 RMteS 

6 140 RfVA REMAU) (S Tstamen S Norton 3-94.. J tone f 

B 010000 PATCHBURO ICKD) (T halsol W Hmn 4-9-2 BMc0rtH(T)9 

9 0130030 BUSTED FLAVOUR (Mrs J RateWtelW Jarvis 5*941 R Cochrane 8 

10 03Z200 PERSHING (CMBF) | »*rs M Boom) J Leign 5-8-12 M Mater B 

i; 303120 DOMINION PRMCE5S (BF) |Mrs H Rohan) H Rofun 5-8-3 A 0*1*4 

IS 00*403 CASHEW KINO (Cl IJ Mjnoo A Co Ltd) B McMahon 3-6-2 S Webster 2 

;0 403104 CfO£BJSSE(C4))lEWikaison)HWhBakw 3-7-13 D McKainm 12 

;o 403104 CHABUSSE (C-O)iE Wilunsan) R Whtaker 3-7-13 0 McKatnm 12 

21 00-0000 TOP ROW IJZcKhomsl AW Jones 3-7-13 LChemoekll 

:: mooo Gregorian chant ior c vmaorn p wawyn 3-7-13 nhm7 

23 000301 RUSTIC TRACK (C4)) p Smnti) Denys Smrth 6-7-11 M Fry 18 

25 000904 NUQOLA (E tnersai E teosa 4-7-10 —17 

26 00*020 NORTH STAR SAM (Mrs L WdOSter) Mrs J Ramsdan 5-74 — N Carlisle 13 

27 002000 CENTRALSPnES BEST M Upson) T Casey 3-7-9 0 Franc* 10 

3-1 Fietflom. 4.) Rustic Track. 9-2 Cashew King. 5-1 Pershing. 6-1 Rapo Lad. 
8-i Chabksse. UM Donwuon Princess. 12-1 others. 

Beverley selections 

B> Mandarin 

1.45 Dominion Princess. -.15 Ociiga. 2.45 CATHERINES WELL 
<nap*. 5.15 Guessing. .*.45 Ardilcs. 4.) 5 SiiicrroasL 4.45 Regal 
Caslle. , 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
1.45 Busied Flavour. 2.45 Brooks Dilemma. 3.15 Sirdar Girl. 3.45 
Rihogirl. 4.15 Miss Runaway. 4.45 Regal Castle. 

By Michael Seely 

1.45 Cashew King. 2.45 CATHERINES WELL (nap). 

2.15 AUGUST SELLING STAKES (3-Y-O: £979.10: 71 100yd) (17) 

1 000302 
i 030041 

6 00-2400 

7 OMtCO 
9 000-000 

12 * 0-0000 

13 002200 IZZY GUNNER (T Leahy) A Roosen 86 

14 030-000 JIMMY'S SECRET (B rtUpjtncM A Snwh 86 . - 

15 0004)00 KBtKELLA IB) ( J MurtlKh) Jmmi Fnrserad 86 — 

17 000000 SKV8M0 IM Bneam) M SrEHi 86 — .... 

1 8-T3 - AB*een(7)4 

BucManonS-ii ... . G Duffiaid 13 

v«manon86 NCadttfcS 

UaynarBJ Capt j Wilson S6 — 2 

ley B6. — — J Low* 14 

Drey 86 3 Whitworth 16 

un ma n 56. DNichdslO 

... SWetaMrU 


i) Jhwto Ficgeraid 86 M Roberts 1 

Irtnm 84 K D*rMy 7 

Rohan) H Rohan 8-3 SlterWB 

Eng S« Lid) A Rowan 8-3 N Ccmrarton 17 

Brittain 8-5 Mlrwag3 

tun) W Naan 84 4HSowii(5!6 

smnhlUBanshardM....- N Adams 9 

T Faohura 8-3 - M Rimmer 15 

17 000000 

18 004)304 


20 00 
22 0004)00 

25 0-00040 

26 004)004 

7-2 Amber Clown. 4-1 My Dwyj. 9-2 lizy Gunner. 13-2 Knkofla. 7-1 C'-OUdlesa 
Sky S-i Jimmy 5 Secret 10-1 S*ytwd. 12-1 Capistrano Ckmax. 20-1 ethers. 

2.45 MAX JAFFA SPRINT HANDICAP (£4.084: 5fl (B) 

4 033111 CATH-RWES WELL (0) irtpoocrsnva Ratang! M Eastadty 3-86 itC *«i 


5 030040 TRUE NORA (D) (R E A Belt L4S1 C NtfMti 3-9-7 — JReidS 

6 012 BROCK'S DILEMMA IBF) >M FvsUki M AQvna 3-9- S A Serai 7 

7 DIO HIGH MACE (DHBF1 iShJiWi A Khams«l 1 Baking 3-9-3 T Ives 1 

•4.' Y- . 

' tA . -•> 

• ► • 

' !. ~ ■ rv 

’• • >s^' 

Regal Castle for the 12 fur- 
longs Freemen's Maiden 
Slakes in preference lo ihe 
two-mile Walkington Maiden 
Stakes, and ihe hint should be 

Henry Cecil should also be. 
on the mark at Brighton where 
his Redcar scorer Seek The 
Troth can concede weight all 
round in the Saddlescombe 
Stakes. Ron Smyth's High 
Gimber and D'Azy look the 
ones io chase her home. 

Peter Cundell's Hilton 
Brown will put up a deter- 

mined show in the George 
Robey Challenge Trophy, de- 
spite his hefty burden of 10 
stone. However, preference is 
for David Morley's course 
winner Golden Bean, who has 
been in good form of late. 

There is a competitve turn- 
out for the Brighton Ladies 
Handicap. Guy Harwood's 
daughter Amanda has a bright 
chance on Gypsy's Prophecy, 
who last ran in May when 
finishing a creditable second 
behind Touch of Grey in a six- 
fiirlong handicap at Windsor 
and Booty has possibilities, ft 

djo Tempest Tossatf. 

BEVERLEY: 2.15 Caps 
Stop. 4.15 Hold CM ffe 

no CSmax, Vital 
4.45 Hiya Bud. 

&30 BRIGHTON LADIES HANDICAP (Amateurs: £1,710: 6f) (17) 

1 240010 B00FY (D) (R E A Bolt (Wlgniora SQLU) C Nelson 3-1 16 Joanna Winter 12 

2 100004 DOWNSVTEW (C4)) (B Mdrati)A Moors 4-114). Candy Moon 16 

3 0220-32 GYPSY^ PROPHECY (USA) (Spyros NtadioB) G Harwood 3-10-8 

Amanda Harwood 5 

4 14)0040- D'ARTIQNY (C-O) (H Govw) K Braasey 3-10-7 GMAmytagaS 

5 002000 PLATHE (DHGortkan Tmetar BkxDStOCfe Ud) R Simpson 3-10-4 

Tracey BaBeyffl 9 

6 014-000 TUMBLE FAM (P Durkan) M McCarmack 36- T2 Stama Kugamryd 7 

7 002400 DEUWARERIVBltD) (Brian GuMyLKflBGiJtOy 46-12 Franca VjdeOnl 4 

8 00000/ RUEMDLY LASS IP Bimess) BWIn 60-7 Penny PHtdr-HeraS 6 

9 030000 PEANDAY (C) (B Boarcbnan) H Beastey 5-9-7 CJara Nfenota* fS) 13 

10 04)0B00 DORNEY (D) (Mss L Erne) A Damson 64-7. ZoeDmisoaS 

11 201204 THE UTE ® (D) (R Bastan) Miss L Bower 3-96 Ceta Redband 11 

12 030300 RUSSELL FLYER (B) (D) (K Bowry) R Hood 4-9-3 Smah KeHnny 14 

13 10-0000 STEEL PASS (OfD) (M (tofter) M Usher 8-9-1 Anne Ntms (5) 17 

14 000 OEXDETIGffiraiG Jones) GGraoy 46-11. — IS 

15 404000 BOSS METAL-WOODS (Metal-Woods Ltd) S Meior 46-1 1 — Dana Malar 1 

16 000000 FANCY PAGES |H Coombe) PBt MKfiM 3 

17 044000 BEQUG1A (R Bsbop) A fftfe 4-8-7 

) (D) (K Bowry) R Hand 46-3 Sarah Kefcmey 14 

(Milner) M Usher 86-1 Anne Ntms <5) 17 

I (G Jones) G Gracsy 46-1 1.__ — IS 

TSIMetaHNoods Ltd) S Meior 46-11 —DaMMalorl 

3-1 Gypsy's Prophecy. 9-2 Downsvtew, 11-2 The Die. 8-1 Booty, Detonare River, 
8-1 D'Arngny. Plattna, 12-1 others. 

round at SaBsburyc 
i) at Windsor, oarira 
.tSae. good, July: 

DnqfieM (6f. £1909. good, Aug 8. 18 ran). GYPSY'S PROPHECY (7-12)11 Whdsor 2nd to 
ToJdiof Gray (9-0) (Sfrai SKoopd. May 19, 24 ran). D’ARTMMY ^ja *th to Menton 
Dan (36) at Notttigtiam (61. £201. firm. July 19, 7 ran). DELAWARE RIVER (8-10) 4X1 
51h to Beechwood Cottage (7-fl) here with RUSSELL R-YB4 7lti (61. £2047, good. 

July 3. 9 ran). PEANDAY (M) 1 XI 3rd to SinolB (8- 12) on soft wound at Saftsburym May 
(71,12914. 19 ran). THE UYE (86) 41 48i to SpaKford Lad ®6) at Windsor, efflWp4fl 
head 2nd to Cetestiffl Ortvo (&-H)on Ote same course (6fSefl,t®6, good; Jtdy 28, la 
ran). ■ • ■ : 

S elec t io n: PEANDAY 


2 000000 SOHG AW DANCE MAN (B) (M McCaurtl M McCourr 9-7 RWembm5 

5 033202 FLEUR DE TMSTIE (B) iC &tas) A Davison 96_— RPoaS 

6 030300 SAWRON (B) (R Ciflwer) B Stavsns 8-13 : A Mackey 1 

7 222420 MY CUP OF TEA(W Hal) PHaslamB-10. — T WOkann2 

8 000 TROJAN SPLASH (N Leggeth P Haynes 86 WCotm 7 

2 000000 SONG AW DANCE MAN (QfMSftCaorOMMcCowT 9-7. 

5 033202 FLEUR DE TMSTIE (B) iC Brrts) A Davison ML— 

6 030300 SANDRON (Hl(RCJflwW)B Stevens 6-13. 

7 222420 MY CUP OF TEA (W Hafl) P Haslam B-10 — . — 

8 000 TROJAN SPLASH [N Leoqarfl P Haynes 86 — W Caraoe? 

9 006000 FANDANGO WSS (M Jaye) ft J WMams 8-9 ; — WNe*mes4 

10' 0600 ALSACE [UssLErais) A Davison 86 — I Japp (7) 3 

9-4 Trojan Splash. 3-1 Fleur Da Ttvstla, 5-1 My Cup Of Tea. B-1 Fandango Kiss. 

4J0 ROTTINGDEAN HANDICAP (£2,061: 1m 4f) (9) 

1 002000 BWANA KALI (Bl (J Ska) M Tompkins 4-6-10—1 ! C Startary 7 

2 030010 L0NGST0P (Wfl (BF) IK Luebke) P Makn 4-9-10 (4e*) SCeuthen 9 

3 000020 HLMANJARO BOB (J CnsW R J WMams *64 WRSwMwm8 

4 060004 FORMiOABLE DANCER (Mrs A OabDy) J Dirtop 3-9-1 B Rome 3 

loss) DOu^kon 46-13 BCnm%2 

(g(W Rowland Hancock) H Armsgon^36-1 

7 403002 P0RG(VMG(SPS Ltd) B Stevens 46-12 WNewmS 

8 300031 HARBOUR BAZAAR (M Couriney) R Senpson 664 T Onion 6 

9 204414 REGENCY SQUARE (A Haiassi) r FWden 3-84 (7e*) A Mackey 4 

100-30 Formidable Dancer. 4-1 Longstop. 9-2 Tempest Tossed. 8-1 Regency 

Square. 8-1 Fdrgnrtng. 12-1 Berana Kak. KAmanjaro Bob. 14-1 others. 

r Chortstor (86)at Carfteto (tm 
at Leicester flm 4f, good, Aug 
ie(1m4f. £l306, good lo firm. 

4 060004 FORMIOABLE DANCER(Mrs A CJabbyJJ Dunlop 3-9-1 — 

5 020083 WW> GINGER (B) (D) (A Ross) DOughton 46-13 

6 403230 TEMPEST 

at Leicester (im 4f, good ; 
is (1m 4f, £1306, good lo firm. 

10 firm. 

FORM: BWANA KALI no form since 
If) m June. LOMKTOP (96) 7th lo J 

18V previously (9-4) peat Vlnttoa Port [9-1 W at Folkestone Dm 41. £1306, good lo firm, 
Aug 12. 10 ran). KUMANJAROBOB 6th to Dark Strom at 
up to Mubarak of Kuwait (8-1 1) ai Newmarket — 

Aug 8. 12 ran). FORGIVNIG re-0) 1X1 2nd to 
(9-3) a away 3rd ana FORMIDABLE DANC 

good » firm, Aua in HARBOUR BAZAAR (9-9 beat LEKMe Du Palais re-4) XtatWar- 
nrtek (im 261 Sal. E796.pood. Aug 25. 13 rartjEGENCY SQUARE (7-«2Xl4thof 11 » 
Power Bander (9-13) at Yarmouth (tm 2f. £1780. good to firm, Aug 21). 

Selection: nUMfiJUARO BOB 


2 202 ENStGNE (Fahd Satmani H Candy 96 WNmml 

8 040000 MR ADVISER (USA) (A Saleh) F Durr 96 P Cook 5 

6 0-22224 PRMCELY ESTATE (Lady Claque) J Winter 96 WRS*rinbum7 

10 04*023 RAFFIA RUN IBF) (L Busft) R AkMursi 96 RMcGNn? 

10 04*023 RAI7URlM(BF)(LBusn)R Akenurarl 

11 000-4 TARLETOWS OAK (Mrs B Traflord) G Harwood 96 G Starkey 3 

12 0600 LOST IN FRANCE (A SheadlB HNS 8-11 B Thomson 6 

14 008300 ONTO GLORY (JBartMrlJ Dunlap B-1 1 

5-2 Tartetun's Oak. 3-1 Pmcely Estate. 7-2 Ensigne. 5-1 Raffia Run, 

FORM: ENSIGNE 186) 21 2nd to SIMM (8-8) at Windsor (im 21 22y. £959, good D Ifem. 
Auq1B.8ranl PHD4CXLY ESTATE 15< 4mm Kempun hamheap last time (Tm 2fV eartar 
i) I'll 2nd 10 Fleecng Affair (9-3) here (im 2f. £959, good to fire. May 14. 11 ran) 
TIA RUN (8- IMW 3rd CO AMeonwwr (6-9) at Notbngttam{1m 50y. Z1S55. arm. 

RAFFIA NUN (6-1Jt»,f 
5. 16 ran| TARLETON 
good. July 26. 15 ran) 
Selection: ENSIGNE 

OAK (9-5) 2*.il 

NOCawf«UTT(lr7j50y. C16S5. firm. 

StNou re-1) at UngfMd (Im 2f. £1 

8 0*1103 SEW MGH (D) re ThamM) 8 McMahon 3-9-2 JHHs(5)4 

12 002311 CELTIC BDO (C-D) (J Cookei A Baking 6-8-9 NDey6 

15 OODIOO MANTON MARK (D) (Mrs M Pstn MCemscfio 36-7 NCCmartonS 

21 303000 MSS PRBMJLA (Kavk) W BenOey 3-7-7 „J Lowe 2 

5-2 Catherines w SB. 100-30 Celtic Bud. 9-2 Tme Nora. 13-2 High Image. Brook's 
Dilemma. 8-1 Sew Hign. 10-1 others. 

3.15 WALKINGTON MAIDEN STAKES (£822: 2m) (9) 

1 006000 LETBY (B) (Mrs M Steadman) M Chapman 466. JWliani* 

3 0*000 EBMSI LADY (G Rotwisl B McManon 566 ^GDufflelril 

a 00/flM SIRDAR GIRL (Mrs JTyrrBfllD Thom 466 G Sextan 8 

C 0-20303 DEN8ERDAH (D Newton) R HotetataM 366 S Pwk» 5 

8 002 GUESSMGIX AtxhiUlG Harwood 366 A Clark 3 

11 003 WWPCRACKAWAY (G Reed) C Thornton 366 J Bl— te le 9 

12 0 FRENCH DESIGN (W Didoal Juwny Rcgerad 366 M Roberts 7 

14 060* HOPCFtft. UME (M Fustok) B HAS 364 MMta2 

15 000003 Nmt)A(B)fT Barker] EWeymes 366 5 WebeMr6 

2-1 Guessaia. 4-1 Whtpcnjckaway, 6*1 Bermsn Lady. Denberdar. 13-2 Hopeful 

Una. B-1 NfDda. 12-1 Sirdar Get 16-1 others. 

3.45 WIN WITH THE TOTE MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O: £879: 7J 100yd) 

Hem denies 
a split 
with Carson 

Dick Hern, the royal trainer, 
has firmly quashed rumours of a 
split between himself and jockey 
Willie Carson. In a statement 
' Major Hem said: “There is no 
truth in the rumours that there 
is a spliL Willie Carson will ride 
for me as first jockey next 

The speculation comes in a 
season when the West Hsley 
team has failed to reach the 
glorious heights of the previous 
ten years. 

Carson joined Hem in 1976 
after the surprise sacking of Joe 
Mercer by owners Sir Michael 
Sbbelland Lord Weinsiock. The 
partnership reached their first 
peak in 1 977 with victory in ihe 
Oaks and St Leger for ihe 
Queen’s Dunfermline. 

In ihe .years that followed 
came two Derby wins with Troy 
and Henbit Oaks victories with 
Birenie and Sun Princess imd 
three King George VI and 
Queen Elizabeth Diamond 
Stakes triumphs. 

Hem has not been on a 
racecourse since a serious hunt- 
ing accident in December. 1984. 
Yesterday, Carson refused to 
comment on the rumours. 

Northern Aspen 
fails in gamble 

Northern Aspen, trained by 
Olivier Douicb and ridden by 
Alain Lcqucu.v failed by two 
lengths to land a gamble in the 
group three Prix Quincoy (Im) 
at Dcauiilk yesterday. (Our 
French Racing Correspondent 

The filly was heavily backed 
on the pari-mutuel, but had no 
answer to the strong finish of 
Apeldoom. a chance ride for 
Alain Bade!. 

Splendid Moment finished 
third with the favourite. Vjn de . 
France, in fourth. The first and 
second are likely to meet again 
in ihe Prix riu Moulin on 
September 7. 

Alex Nurcxcx finished tenth 
I and would have appreciated 
faster ground, while ihe third I 
British challenger. Shmaircckh. j 
was a very disappointing last of ! 
fourteen, dropping out quickly : 
in the last quarter mile. 1 

Duffield treble 

George Duffield was in 
tremendous form at Beverley 
yesterday, winning the first 
three races on Aegean Dance, 
Carr Wood and Sno Surprise to 
complete a 215-1 treble. His first 
rwo successes were for Mark 


How England can get back 
up from being down under 

Jr ^ • 

* • V 

K #' y ■ ; r. . .. 

^ . "H- S. - 

^y t; - ’ • ' 

Peter Cundell's consistent sprinter Hilton Brown, who has 10 stone to carry in the George 
Robey Challenge Trophy at Brighton today 

The New Zealand cricket 
team are happily proclaiming a 
historic series rictory, their first 
is England, in the nwnner 
pioneered by Daley Thompson: 
T-shirts inscribed “Dferd 2nd 
XI Part-Timers beat England 
Ail-Stars” are being hastily 
printed and wiD no donbt be 
adorning Kiwi torsos oa Satiny 
at the festival match in 

Tbey are already wearing the 
first version of these, with 
“versus” instead of “beat” — 
procured by tbe bowler Willie 
Watson after Mike Gatting had 
been quoted for misquoted?) as 
soggesting flaring the first Test 
snick that the contest felt like 
aa encounter between an inter- 
na tineal (ram and the afore- 
mentioned second XL 

“We tuned Gaffings remark 
around to 5pm ns on and it 
seems to have worked,” the New 

may pay, however, to side 
with the course specialist 
Downsvtew. trained just down 
the road by Charlie Moore, 
and ridden by his daughter, 

Henry Candy’s Master Wil- 
lie colt Ensigne, runner-up 
twice in three outings, should 
go one better against modest 
opposition in the Lancing 
Maiden Stakes, 

Blinkered first time 

BRIGHTON: 4.0 Song An'Dance Man. 

gleefully remarked. “Thank 

you. Mike.** 

So unabashedly excited are 
tbe once underrated New Zea- 
landers in cumnering their for- 
mer colonial m a sters that their 
acting manager, Glen T toner, 
himself argaably bis country's 
greatest-em batsman, wickedly 
suggested that the Eagbud- 
Australia series later this year 
would be not for tbe Ashes bat 
the woodeH spoon. “They’re now 

hntfa riotit at (hr hottnm. " lie 

By Paul Martin 

said. (New Zealand, yon may 
remember, also recently con- 
quered the Australians at home 
and away). 

Toner, the master-batsman 
for Worcestershire, stating that 
“there is nothing wrong with 

English cricket that a few better 

players couldn't put right”, more 
seriously gave his diagnosis of 
England's disease, which ra hs 
view on (his tour showed 
some worrying symptoms- 

Sffliting with thf obvioas tag 
he believes England should se- 
lect teams, especially for a three- 
match series, without changing 
the batting unless absolutely 
accessary. Only in this way 
could batsmen have the con- 
fidence to succeed; nor should 
bovriers be reshuffled- 

Second, he *1 m that 
England had shown serious 
bdmpiie and laxity in their 
preparations before each day’s 
play. *Tt was very heartening to 
see there wondering around 
apparently quite aimlessly be- 
fore play. Someone might go into 

a uer if he coaid be bothered; 
then someone tarns iqt to do 
some flexibility exercises; there 
was then obviously a relucta n ce 

to go through these procedures.” 

Turner contrasted this with 
New Zealand’s strict schedule, 
iwwfag over an hoar and includ- 
ing -a warm-up; foil-scale 
flexibility exercises; a team 
practice m the middle; then nets; 

both right at the bottom, ” lie practice m the middle; then nets; sters » we game. 

Final Test match averages 

England batting New Zealand batting 

I NO Runs HS Avge 
D l Gower 5 0 - 233 131 5860 

G A Gooch 5 0 268 183 5360 

J E Emburey 3 1 92 75 4600 

MW Gating 5 0 170 121 3AO0 

SN Frauen 3 2 33 21 33.00 

MOMoxon 4 0 111 74 27.75 

ALSO BATTED: I T Botham 56*: G R Ofley 17; N A Foster 8; A J 
LamOO. DR Prtngto 21.9; NVRaaton) 12*: GC Smell 2". 12: JG 
Thomas 26 10; P W«ey 44. 42. 

* denotes not out 

1 1 n C ru viQ 5 2 206 106 66.66 

HEp* i i a a ss 

& Six v 

EJGnw 3 0 91 50 3033 

BAEtfffijr 5 1 92 S3 2100 

JJOom 4 Q 51 23 12.75 

ALSO BATTED: T E Kam 37: E J OiaffleM 5: K 0. 

aJ^ID S Smilft 18, & D A StHng 26. 18*: W Watson 1. 8*. 

* denotes not out 


P H Edmonds 

G C Small 
J E Emburey 

G A Gooch- 19668-1: N A Foster 28-7-69-1; N V Radford 25-4- 
71-1; O I Govrar 1-0- W* DR Pringle 22-1-746. 




Rum ' 




























R J Hadtee 

JG Braoawsfl 

W Watson 






























0: MO Crowe 12-1-51-0. 

Leading first-class averages 


Oualllcation: 8 Inns, average 4450 


OuaBUcaiton: 20 wkts, average 2600 



























S T aarka 











rj Hadlee 











JH CtiHds 






















TM Alderman 











A H Gray 











M A Holding 











J Simmons 











Imran Klwn 











PW Jarvis 






















WW Daniel 











N A Foster 











A PPndgeon * 



















• 386 


' 4825 


‘ 442 






s . 











.. 1 . 




K E Cooper 











J Garner 











N Gifford 











J-E Bfowrey- — - 







. 5 




PA JDe Freitas 











D E Malcolm 








' 1472 




















J J Whttaker 27 8 1356 200* 7158 

G A Hick 33 8 1738 227* 6467 

AIKalicharran 16 4 741 163* 61.75 

RJ Bailey 37 9 1671 224* 59 67 

BMMcMWan 21 4 999 136 58.76 

M Newell 21 8 749 112* 57.61 

CEBRne 23 5 1012 156* 5622 

A J Lamb 25 4 1168 180* 55 j81 

M W Gatting 20 2 ' 877 1ST 5427 

PM Roebuck 29 8 1125 221* 5357 

IT Botham 11 2 478 104" 53.11 

CGGreendae 29 3 1374 148 5254 

RJItedW 16 4 634 128* 5283 

VJ Marks Z7 1 0 gg tip St-94 

G Boycott 17 1 829 135* 51.81 

A R Border. • 32 4 '1^ IS) ,4856 

WKHBeriJamln 18 W '386 95* 

BCRow 21 5 760 129 4750 

A A Metcalfe 39 . 1 '1778 1S1 46.78 

ON Pale) -- 26 6 933 132* 465S 

J>WG Parker! .* 38 7 1432 125 46.19 

•TSCurtia 36 S‘ 1246 122* 46.14 

Jotauon 29 5 ‘ 1099 128 45.79 

BJM Maher 18 5 589 126 4550 

AJStBwart 35 2. ’1472 166 4450 

J E Monts 33 2 1380 191 4452 

- /daxxasnatout • 

FASTEST HU NDRED:IV A RUwnte 102 an 48 (Ms, Somerset v 
Gfemorgan. at Taunton, MayS. 

BEST BOWLMQ: C A Walsh 9 tor 72. GtouoesferaMra v 
SomeiML at BristoL Mf 21. . - . 

WICKETKEEPERS: R J Parka 75 (70cL5st);DE East 63 (49. 14V 
S J Rhodes 62 (S3. 9); R C Rusaaa 52 (49. 3k G W Hungnge 44 
(38. 6V S A Marsh 44 (42,2V 

FIBJISMBL- M A Lvnch 35c* K M Curran 28: R A Hvper. G A 
Htak 27; C EB Rice 25; K J Barnett 24; C S Coreke* & 


M DCrwra 
j G Bracewei 
J V Coney 
BA Edgar 
JJ Crowe 
IDS Smith 
KR Rutherford 
T J Ftankfii 
W Watson 

New Zealand tour averages 


1 NO Rum HS 

17 6 786 106 

10 5 354 110 

16 5 688 140* 

12 4 379 108 

18 5 589 110* 

19 1 688 119 

19 2 624 159 

9 3 215 48 

18 3 531 104 

8 2 169 37 

6 2 101 26 

B 0 182 96 

6 3 30 10 

RJ Hadlee 1535 42 iO 19 2052 

EJGray 417.2 138 1026 37 27.72 

JGBraceml 3765 114 932 33 28^4 

EJChatfleM 153.4 39 354 12 2950 

JV Coney 63 18 162 5 32.40 

W Watson 274.1 56 813 23 35.34 

DASmkng 222 33 894 24 3725 

BJ Barrett 1575 18 610 15 40.66 

MD Crowe 49.5 6 190 2 95.00 

ALSO BOWLED: T J Frankfin 1-0-5* I D S SmRh 2-05-0. J G 
Wright 4-1-13-0: KR Rutherford 4-0-18-0. 

ALSO BATTED: RJ Hadtee 19. 68. 8: B J Barrett U 3*. 5*.0*; E J 
Chatfiefel 0*.5. ‘denotes not out 


Jahan takes Thome the distance 

From a Special Correspondent, Karachi 

Hidayat Jahan, aged 36. per- 
formed as if he were 10 years 
younger in almost reaching the 
final of the Pakistan Open 
Championship yesterday. The 
Pakistan- bom England inter- 
national was within two points 
of causing a major upset against 
Ross Thorne, the Australian 
No 1 and second seed, before 
losing 9-4. 9-1. 2-9. 4-9. 10-8. 

Jahan displayed some fine 
touches throughout, with killing 
drives off backhand and fore- 
hand. in which the ball was 
made to roll when it seemed 
impossible to find tbe nick from 
such deep positions. There were 
also some subtle drop shots and 
one extraordinary nick, which 
sent Thorne to the front and the 
ball to the back of the coutl 

in the. fifth game. However, 
Thome, ranked fourth in the 
world, is a fine athlete and a 
determined competitor. The 
Australian was forced to work 
hard to reach his first match 
point at 8-7. but lost it when 
Jahan produced a brave vol- 
leyed return of serve into the 

Thome lost his second match 
point on a penalty point and 
then, from 8-S onwards, there 
were nine lets and penalty 
points — some to controversial 
decisions — and an atmosphere 
of mounting tension. Thorne 
eventually won the match with a 
forehand drop shot that Jahan 
fell he could have reached, but 
was awarded no let. To his 

credit, the man once regarded as 
the arch-enemy of markers and 
referees accepted the decision 
and shook hands without 
complain L 

Phil Kenyon. Jahan's England 
colleague and the British cham- 
pion. also produced a fine 
performance in losing 9-2. 9-4. 
9-7 to Jahangir Khan, the world 
champion. The contest lasted an 
hour and 20 minutes, whidh was 
only six minutes shorter than 
the other semi-finaL 

The Lancastrian started slow- 
balling after 20 minutes, by 
which time he wasalreayagame 
and 5-1 down. For the next hour 
he was able to make surprising 
inroads into the champion's 
energy supply. 

Resnlts page 29 TODAY’S FIXTURES I 


"■ TNeaS 

( Stone M G BrawaS 

ttgrby 9-0 MBkC&9 

ion 94) M MBarS 

D □ NkixiQa * 

8-11 — A Ctark W 

J total 

aa 8-11 JtLmve 3 

- R Cochrane 11 

D Oibeon 7 

II — VkM Gamer (7) ■ 

15-8 Bum of Goto. 3-1 Fountain's Choice, 5-1 Rose LnubOL 11-2 AnStes. 
6-1 island tacksmen. 12-1 Rttogrt. 14-1 omors. 

4.15 EBF ROUTH MAIDEN FILLIES STAKES (2-Y-O: £1.093.90: 2f) 

3 000 BOLD AD (DDrurylWBentav 8-11 J Otaeadale 15 

6 ERANTHEfG Granger) W Bentley B-tl DCoeey (7)« 

10 4 GOOD WOMAN ID HotoslR B css B-11 J Rate 13 

12 400 f^0NPI5^(U9^(B)[MJariitayr/e4ktag8-TT TtomlO 

14 0 t£WISTA(A*taseey)EWevwes8-11 E Quest (2)9 

15 0 USETAlCoraeCrf KmM] MWEaswty B>11 GCerterOll 

18 0 IBSS0N BIRD (VWada)H Ration 8-1 1- A Ctark 18 

19 000 MISMANAGEMENT (Mrs A Henson) MW EastaAy 8-11 MNmhM 

20 042 MSS RUNAWAY (A Snead) JWnw 8-11 H Mk 17 

21 40 OROMA (FR)(BF} IK ADQuBai L PiggOtt B-t! R Cochrane 7 

22 0 OUR ThomesTi) Ron Thorcsan 8-11 RPEKonS 

23 OXSTAU'S LADY (J Laorats J Soeaflng 8*11 Of&cMh 12 

26 RTVERSTYLE |P Dswun) M Bnttam Hi KEtarleyS 


29 SB.YEBCOAST (H Ai-Malonum) H momsori Jones 8-11 A Murray 2 

£1 SWWGWELL LADY (A Donr»8on)H Rohan JOutanCQC 

31 0 SUPROC ROSE (E Badger) WMusaon 8-11 MWIgtanIS 

34 WBijOYmEEOim.n'ferWlR WMSker B-11 DUeftwmB 

11-4 Good Wqman. 3-1 Miss Runaway. 7-2 SilmcoasL 5-1 OnSna. B-1 Hold On 
Please. KM Useu. 12-T Supreme Rose. t6-i otfwra. 

DNScfrote 12 
„ K DarleyS 

- SLnrae 11 

— A Murray 2 
. JQulKftfi 

DuffiekTs third victory came 
on the Ron Boss-trained Sno 
Surprise, who got home by two 
necks from the heavily-backed 
’Stillman, and Thank Ha von. in 
the Beverley Silver Salver 


• Ladbrokes, the bookmakers, 
make the formerly Guy 
Harwood trained Zoffany the 5- 
I joint favourite with Tele- 
prompter for Sunday’s 
Arlington Million in Chicago. 
Other prices: 1 1-2 Maysoon, 6-1 
Over The Ocean. 7-1 Pennine 
Walk. 8-1 bar. 

St Leger acceptors 

ST LEGER STAKES (3-Y-O colts A fifes: 
im 6t 127yd) AI Kaater. Altec Mflortf, A0 
Haste. Al SaUB. Aidhaal. BaMwtu ff. 
Bonhorraa Cete&tal Stem. Family Fnwuj, 
Merana Moan M&fiKH. Mu&a&rte, 
Nanas. OMen*ble. Park Express. 
Pradrer. Queans Soldter. RoseCate. 
Sadeem. Sirk. $•«*, UmatL (To be inn at 
Doncaster, September 13). 

i wig* is Course specialists 

^ l 4.45 FREEMEN'S MAIDEN STAKES (£822: Im 4f) (9) 

8 4-222 FORT UNO (Stotti Ptaftammod) I 3-8-fi Three 2 

S 0 toWETHUNElAHumfihreiilJinMtyFim^W U Robert* 1 

tC 0 MIU=ORDQU4Y(WJon«tJSpa*nng3ia DMetnJb4 

12 D P00SNAP (USA) (KAteMlajGHanreoe 3-8-8 ACIsrtS 

;j 2 REGAL CASTLE (H McKncnt) B Hanany 34-8 BCodraie? 

17 2 EHBKOR (FRMBF) (Prmca A Salnan) H Cue* 3JW NON-RUNNER S 

K 00-0423 TAP DUET (Bl rM Naugmoni M Maugnton JW MWerB 

2; TOUKSHAD 0SAHH H Aga Knan) R Hougnan 3^-fl - — KDarteyl 

24 03-00*0 MYA BUD (8) (P Quinn) W Bwrtey 3-6-5 — . K H U fo l tat I 

15-8 Regs) Castle. 5-3 poesnap. 4-1 Fon Lmo. U-2 Tap Duet !H TouksheP. 
12-1 otnera. 


TRAINERS: H Cecu. 12 wmers from 21 
runners at 57.iV. L Cumam. 11 from 26. 
42 3®o: G Harwood. 32 from 121. 26.4V 
JOCKEYS: W H SvMtburn. 15 wmnera 
Irom 69 ndes. 21.7V W Ceteon. *2 from 
207. 20.3°=: TQtaim 20 from i00. 20.04>. 


TRAINERS: H Cecu. 15 winnere from 24 
ujnners .61 5*« R Boss 6Irom25.24 0v. 
C Tfwmion. 15 Irom 63. 235V 
JOCKEYS: M Bmch. 37 winners from 131 
nctei at 28 2V J Reid, t T from 51. 21.6%; 
T tvea. 23 from 145. 15-9V 


Oueen'e Perk Rangers (318: Swindon v 
Fulham C2-30V. 

CBITRAL LEAGUE: Rest (Svtekw: Derby 
v Oldham (7.0) 

Nratach: Tottanham Hotspur v Souttiond 

SStern FLOOOUT CUP: Hrta: Bram- 
tree v flarktaq (7 50). 

dMston: Cottnghwn v Btacksnne: St fries 
V Baker Parians: Thrapston v Rarasay; 
Whitworths v Gogsrhoe. 


Britannic Assurance 
County Championship 
(11.0 to £30. 110 overs 

BRISTOL: GfoucsstarsNnB v Worcs 
S WANSEA: (aamorg an v Surrey 
LEICESTER: LaicestBr v Derby 
LORD’S: Mklcflesex v Lancashire 
sWra v HampshlriB 
TAUNTON: Somerset v Essex 
EDGBASTON: Warwickshire v 

SECOND XI championship: Owlna- 

tert Esso v GtoueesnrvMra: Cardiff: 
Glamorgan v Nottinghamshire: 
Soutfiamjstoac H araps tw a v Mktdtesex; 
OU Trattont Lancastdra v Surrey: East- 
boumre Sussex » Warwickshire 


CSOOUET: Huratanton and Parkstone 

GOLF: Northern Open obfe' amateur 
djampronslsp (Bfrtajaie GQ 
HORSE TRIALS: Rotharflew event 
TENNIS: Yugo . Cars Jersey Open 
(CMsaraan LTC); Yortrafwe B«i^] 
Sooety tournament (Cororation Part 

YaChtthq: Burnham week 


NORTH AWHCA: American L 

ft Oakland Am* Ji Mfeautae Brawre a. 
Sfvywaote Jwq 5. 8^,^ Manner# s. 
Bamnwe Onotes 2. Oavetend moans 
Taranto Bua J» 

toptatainuosa. rnnsougn Ptr«ee 
> Cote 5. HQaatt» Astras 3: Sr Lous 

iVsSDwgoPadraa 6. Ptaiuatatantete 

^irass^ 0 A -^ Fn ^ 


FRENCH LEAGUE: Nairas 3, Bordeaux ft 
R®«n«s 0. Mareeoe KWH Pans Sfflr*- 
Germeln 2: Racing Fens 0. Socnaux 2: 
Auxam t. Laval i: Brest 1. Monaco ft Sam- 
Etame 8, Totioiris 0: Metz 2, Lens ft LBa 4, 
NanctrS. Taian v La Havra. abandoned 
MADfeO: B ama ta u Cup: Ba raUtaa fc Rate 
Madrid 4. Steau BumarastO: Onwno Ktev 1. 




555*1 France: Grand prix event p*0 
mtef Top ptadooK 1. M Gayant fFrJ. Qte 

IP""), one second Mint 4. J4> 
WjtenffrLrawaaraiS.PMuno z &>),£• 

WPGA Ewopmc [ tear aomtao! 1, L 
Neumann (S«wL £28556.67: 2. G Stamrt 
1 U Thomson 
4. ,_C Dtmah 

• fMenrrv a. ■ |Q| IHKM § MIWHH litfcjnWtjTj 

4-Bertetamsted & Latehworth 7 Mcuey T; 
Mat Ponca 0 cnenaey 2: Remnant 1 
Stewttaflu 1 teMk SaHronVwfita 1 
ft Ware 0 SouthaN 0 (uft Whyteletda 

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roiZA . Sntai I tw lw r. r a d a ratte it tea 
Step* 1 «m nfc l, O KrisMop ( 

44mn 43 sec (near European record). 

Petchey included 

Marie Pwchey, the British 
under-16 grass court tennis 
champion, is included in an 
Essex boys team attempting to 
wm their sixth consecutive 
Prudeotial county cup 
championship at Queen’s Oub 
on September 1 to 3. Essex are 
attempting a double with their 
girls also defending the title. The 

event, similar to its senior 
counterpart, will be played in 1 1 
groups with four counties each 
throughout the country. Ail 
teams wit] comprise of a mini' 
mum of six and a maximum of 
eight players aged 18 and under. 
Matches consist of nine rubbers, 
six singles and three doubles, in 
a round robin format. 

.fiir:* 1 

ami a morale-boosting talk Irom 
Coney “to build up > controlled 
enthusiasm rather than a wild 
frenzy" Tomer explained. 

He doubted that English play- 
ers weald accept the sort of 
regimentation and advice be had 
provided for his team and was 
strongly critical of tbe apparent 
lack of direction given to aunty 
and htternatioual players in 
Finland- -Here the attitude is 
more or less: get on with your 
own job. Because of constant 
cricket here players get buy and 
it shows in > lack of 

One solution was radically to 
reduce the number of matches 
played iu a season. Be proposed 
one county match a week so that 
each played only oat champ.iea- 
ship game against each of the 
others, with two one-day 
matches a weekend. 

While nntfl recently be had 
regularly dashed with New 
Zealand's cricket admin- 
istrators, a ccusing them of lag- 
ging for behind EngM's, be 
was now co n vinced that most of 
the world had overtaken 
England's cricketing rulers to 
attitude and structure. “Befog 
conservative is one thing; being 
stupid is another.** 

And, Tnraer wanted. England 
appeared (o be l ag g in g behind 
the rest of the worid in devdop- 
ing the means to attract young- 
sters to the game. 

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„ game 

of Athey 
recalls age 
of Milton 

BRISTOL: Gloucestershire 
have scored 209 Jar nine in 

mJ£ sh ™ inp against 

It was bright and quite 
Ptejanj atBnsiol yesterday - 
^’9; T^ 5 nteant a prompt 
start, albeit od a damp pitch, 
and no play after tea. The two 
bonus points which 
Gloucestershire’s batting 

brought them were matched 
by the two that Essex, their 
.mam challengers, picked up 
for bowling at Taunton. 

Athey held 

Gloucestershire's innings to- 
gether, as he often does, while 
Patel and Illingworth wheeled 
iftway, one with off spin, the 
other with slow left aim. The 
ball turned only once or twice 
with any speed or spite. 

- It may not be an easy match 
for either side to win, though 
Worcestershire, lying fourth, 
will be just as keen to do so as 

After being beaten several 
times outside the off stump by 
Radford, usually when on the 
front foot, Athey settled down 
to play well. Considering the 
slowness of the pitch, his 
drives went beautifully off the 
bat. Tomlins had been nicely 
caught at first slip in the ‘third 
over but Romaines did weQ in 
helping Athey to get the 
innings moving. It was slow 
going for an hour — barely a 
run an over — but by lunch, 
when Essex were 83 for seven, 
Gloucestershire were 87 for 

Before the spinners came on 
Pridgeon, following through, 
stuck up his right hand and 
caught a decent hit from 
Romaines; once they had 
done so. they bowled together 
for most of the rest of the 
innings, Rate] finishing with 
five for 88 from 25 overs and 
Illingworth with two for 39 
.from 24. 

. Patel was swept more than 
he should have been, mostly 
by Gloucestershire's two left- 
handers, Lloyds and Russell, 
and in a flying visit Curran 
. Jled and drove him for three 
Jours in an over. Patel, 
though, is a thoroughly good 
and natural cricketer and in 

his next over he bowled 
who was trying to get 

after him a gain 


Stovold was bowled 
attempting, as Bambridge had 
been when caught at the 
wj«W, to square cut, and at 
115 for five Gloucestershire 
were thinking that they would 
be glad of even one batting 
point Lloyds then helped 
Athey to add 46 for the sixth 
wicket before Illingworth hit 
Athey's leg stomp with his 
arm ball. 

There is something of 
Gloucestershire's Arthur Mil- 
ton about Athey. His feet 
move instinctively to the spin- 
ners, he sees a run without 
having to thinkabout it and he 
just keeps playing his game. 
Although Milton made a hun- 
dred in his first Test match 
and was a marvellously good 
county cricketer, he, tax, 
found it 

hard going for 


Thanks to Lloyds. and Rus- 
sell, Gloucestershire's-. last- 
wicket pair, Graveney and 
Lawrence, were left with only 
four runs to find for the 
second bonus point and the 
last of these came with a miss- 
hit from ‘ Lawrence that 
dropped short of third man. 
Shortly after that came the end 
of the sunshine and, with it, 
the cricket 

The .doud which . soon 
enveloped the ground seemed 
to stretch from horizon to 
horizon and dropped enough' 
of its contents for play to be 
called off around 5.0. There 
can hardly be a ground in 
England at the moment that 
needs more than the odd 
shower to top it up. 

GLOUCESTER8HBIE: Rrst tarings 

P W Romanes c and b Plidoaon 22 

K P Tottens c D'Ofcrtra bRadferd _ 0 

C W J Athey b IHngworth 73 

PBalnbrfdgac Rhodes bPrial 2 

AW Stoma b Paul 12 

K M Curran b Paul : 12 

JW Lloyds c Rhodes bHngworih —38 

~ CRusseB taw b Part- 23 

. 3 

By leaps and bounds: Botham on his way to three wickets at Tamiton 

Botham and Richards run riot 

. A Walsh Et Rhodes b Part 

*D A Gravanoy not out — 

D V Lawrence not out . 

Extras {b 4. bS,nbT). 
Total (9 wfcts.79 overs). 



FALL OP WICKETS: 1-1,2-63.3-73.4-93, 
5-1 IB. 6*131, 7-177, 8-1*3, 9-196, 


Water claims victims 

Highlight of the First Audi 
national hunter championship 
show at Shiewafcmy yesterday 
was the Awti-Hnnter* Improve- 
ment Society Working Hunter 
Fntarity for horses aged between ' 
4 and 8 and riders aged 17 to 25 
(a Special Correspondent 
writes). A coarse of 10 fences 
including three awkward dou- 
bles and an unpleasant water 
combination posed too many 
problems for most of the entry. 

Only one horse, ' Mrs H 
Williams', Tarr Frederick from 
Tenby went dear over this 
demanding track, largely be- 
cause or the determination of his 
rider Louise Williams. 

Tarr Frederkk,-bred byFred 
Phillips Tenby, won die class 
and the £500 first prize. 

Andy and Jane Crafts woo the 
Hunter Championship from 
Seabrooke, with their outstand- 
ing lightweight Periglen, the 
Royal Show champion. 

RESULTS: Mddaa Hunter Ctaapion: Mr 
A Mrs A Crofta' Parisian. Rmsnm Mrs J 
Demi's SestMooke. And Working 
Honlsr FtaUrtK 7. Mrs H MHarns, Ton 
Frederick: 2, N Whatley's Row! Crest 3. 
Mrs & Mrs Button's Barney Won. Young 
Slock Ctampk>ie UW A Vos' Wsriocks 
Canyon. B ee a w w Mr A Mrs P-Warcup't 
BrookendL Broodmare cha m pio n: Count-, 
ass of tnchcapa and Mrs S Rawdng's 
Cameo. Rese rve , p F Hairs WWow Jem. 
Lloyds Bank ta-Hand Champ i on ; War- 
locks Canyon. Reserve: Brookand. 

TA UNTON: Somerset, with four 
first-innings wickets in * hand, 
lead Essex by five runs.- 
' Thrilling smoko-play by Vftr 
Richards and Ian Botham, 
made with brutal fence, brought 
Somerset a first-innings lead 
yesterday and gave their 
committee men- something to 
ponder. By sheer aggression and 
skin these two were the only 
batsmen all day to overcome a 
difficult pitch on which every- 
one else struggled^ V ■' 

Essex, the . championship 
favourites, were only saved 
from a complete rout by David 
East, batting at No. 7, with some 
hue helpers during the first act 
of an .enthralling series of 
events, played out in gusty 
winds, interspersed with bril- 

Childs gave the first hint of 
further excitement to come 
when his left-arm spin dis? 
missed both openers when 
Somerset started their innings. 
The pattern to follow;- though, 
was hot quite as ' expected. 
Richards, warmly applauded, 
.was quickly into his stride with 
three fours.- in an over against • 
Childs; treatment he later re- 
.peated against Pringle. - 

His strokes were ‘ perfectly 
timed but made with great force. 
Hardy was ran- out at 72, but 
when Richards drove a catch 
low to cover at 96, be had made 
53 from 52 balls with 10 fours. 
Botham arrived and was in even 
more punishing mood. He look 
six fours from the first seven 
balls he freed against Gooch 
before a straight six against 
Lever gave Somerset the lead. 
Just before the end Harden was 
held at silly point .and Card 
swept a catch to backward 
square leg. 

The Essex collapse brought a 

By Richard Streetan 

dramatic start to a match al- 
ready reverber a ting with politi- 
cal undertones — the uncertain 
futures of Richards. Garner and 
Botham contributing to the 
tension not normally present at 
a championship game. 

■ For Essex to lose three wickets 
in the first four overs, to struggle 
36 for six and finally to be afl out 
fin- 129, was unexpected enough 
without other ’issues being 
present In the championship 
table they lie second, just .10 
points behind Gtoocesterahire. 

Gooch’s decision to bat made 
sense. A suspect pitch seldom 
improves and it has to be said 
the pitch was not solely respon- 
sible for the initial set-backs for 

Botham and Taylor, who 
joined Somerset this year from 
Surrey, bowled unchanged until 
lunch. Both obtained move- 
ment off the seam and a degree 
of unpredictable bounce. 
Stephenson and Prichard were 
caught ax second and third slip 
respectively as they played ten- 
tatively forward, in between, 
Ooocb had attempted to steera 
offside ball he could have left, 
the outcome an edged catch to 
second dip, 

. Fletcher and Hardie, the one 
drawing on experience, the 
other on his obstinate streak, 
stood firm for 16 overs in a 
stand interrupted . by rain for 35 
minutes, with’ the score at 
twelve for three. The ram had 
the chance to freshen the pitch 
again before die covers emerged 
and it showed when play re- 
sumed, with the odd ball lifting 
in disc o n c erting fashion. 

The next three wickets fell in 
rapid succession. Hardie at- 
tempted a dri ve and was caught 
at gully; Fletcher fefl to a wit- 
catch at silly point; 

Pringle got in a tangle trying to 
drive a ball of full length. Some 
brave, straight hitting by Foster 
took Essex past the 44 they 
made against Northampton- 
shire only eight days previously, 
before he edged a lifting ball and 
Gard took a marvellous catch m 
front of first slip. Dredge re- 
placed Taylor after lunch and 
took the test three wickets in 
between a further rain interrup- 
tion. East, who hooked Botham 

for two leg-side sixes and also hit 
seven fours, finished with a 
gallant unbeaten 58. 

ESSEX: Fkst tarings 

*G A Gooch c FticteuUs 

J P Stephenson c Botham b Taylor 

PJ Prichard c Richards b Taylor 1 

BR Haute c Roebuck b Twfor _ — 18 
K W R Ftetehar c Roebuck b Botham - 7 

DRPrinols taw b Botham 2 

East not out — -....SB 

(Foster cQwdb Taylor 14 

J K Laver c Harman buradge 13 

J H Ct*t* c Botham b Dredge 7 

DLAddMdcGardbtiradga 0 

Extras (t> 2,nb2) 4 

ToW( 413 more) 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-0, 2-Q, 3-2, 4-29. 5- 
29. 6-36. 7-57, 8-109, 9-129, 10-129 
BOWLING: Botham 214-77-3; Taylor 15- 
5-40-4; Dredge 5-3-1 -10-3 

SOMERSET: First timings 
N A Fteton c Wchanl b Chads — 

■p M Roabuck b CKkte 

J J E Hardy nai out . 

I V A Rtchards c FMctwr b Gooch . 
RJ Harden c Batcher bCNds — 
IT Botham not out. 

fT Gard o Lever b ChWs 
f J Marks not out 

Total (6 "Ms. 47 ovara) . 



_ 0 
— 0 

N S Taylor. C H Oradga and D Hanaan to 

FALL OF WICKETS; V16. HI, 3-72.4- 

Bonus prints: Somarsat 4 Essex 2. 
Umpires: K J Lyons and R A White. 

Willey is 


Hunt is 
out to 

By Jenny MacAithur 

Britain has been beaten only 
once since the European Young 
Riders championships started in 

1981. Today, at Rotherfidd 
Park in Hampshire, where ibe 
sixth European championship, 
sponsored by Beehive Car 

Parks, start, the record looks as 
if it will remain unc h a n ged. 

Britain's powerful team is led 
by Rachel Hunt, on Friday Fox, 
who would give the senior riders 
plenty to worry about let alone 
the young riders who are aged 
between 18 and 21. The three 
other team members are Julie- 
Anne Shield with Crimdon 
Lucky George, last year’s re- 
serves, Vanessa Ashbourne with 
Hector James who were fif- 
teenth last year and Judith 

Copland with Sweeney. Britain, 
as the host nation, can also field 
eight individual riders. 

This is the fourth successive 
year that Miss Hunt, now 21. 
and her coloured mare have 
re pres e nted Britain. They won a 
team gold medal in tot 1983 
Junior European champion- 
ships and for the last two years 
have won the team gold for the 
Young Ridas as weU as collect- 
ing the individual bronze in 


In between these sorties Miss 
Hunt has made her mark' with 
the seniors — most notably at 
Badminton this year where she 
was runner-up on Piglet, the 
horae with which she is short- 
listed for the senior team for 
next month's Polish 

All four team members come 
to Rotherfield with a psycho- 
logical advantage over their 
foreign rivals having, success- 
fully completed Captain 
Phfiups's challenging course at 
Gatcombe 10 days ago. Al- 
though the young riders were 
allowed to miss out two of the 
most difficult fences it was, by 
any standards, a severe test for 
them. > 


Shiels is prize 
capture for 
new syndicate 

A nervous amateur boxer who 
sees himself as a future world 
welterweight champion yes- 
terday stepped into the brash 
professional spotlight as the 
prize capture for a boxing 
management syndicate headed 
by Frank Warren, die London 
promoter-manager (Bryan Stiles 

The Irish-born Tommy 
Shiels, from Cricklewood, will 
be managed by a group of 
backers who include a Lloyds 
underwriter, a sporting baronet, 
a Fleet Street gossip columnist, a 
restaurateur and two properly 

The idea to form this unusual 
syndicate came oyer lunch at 
London's Mirabcfle club, run by 
Nickey Kerman, the restaura- 
teur, who had been impressed 
by Shiels's exploits in the ama- 
teur ranks, where he won 82 of 
his 86 bouts and represented 
Young England on four 

Shiels was recently twice 
thwarted in his attempts to meet 
Darren Dyer, the leading light in 
British amateur boxing ranks, 
who signed for Mickey Duff, a 
dominating personality in the 
rival London boxing promoting 


McEnroe coming 
to terms with 
a change in status 

From Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent, New York 

The ticket clerk at Man basset. 
on the Long Island Railroad, 
was patriotic but wrong. “Who’s 
gonna win? You like Lendl, 
huh? Watch out for McEnroe^. 
McEnroe or Connors.” Five 
hours later John McEnroe bad 
been beaten on the. first day of 
the United States Open 
championships. Jimmy Con- 
nors, a week short of his 34th 
birthday, was scheduled to play 
Henrik Sundstrom on the eve- 
ning of the second day. 

McEnroe, who has lived most 
of bis life three stops down the 
fine from- Manh asset, was 
beaten by Paul Annacone, but 
did not seem to care much. 
Losers often try to convince 
themselves that defeat does not 
matter. McEnroe must also be 
coming to terms with the fact 
that, after a disappointing 1985 
and more than six months out of 
action in 1986. he is not — and 
probably never will be — the 
player he was. 

Afterwards McEnroe talked of 
waning enthusiasm and the 
importance of a player's mental 
attitude to competition. “1 don't 
know if it's something you can 
turn on and off like a switch. It 
was on for eight or nine years 
and then the switch was flicker- 
ing and 1 decided to step away 
from the game. The enthusiasm 
is not there right now and there's 
not much sense in pretending 
that it is. It’s a question of 
whether or not I really want to 
do it." 

Annacone. aged 23. reached 
the Wimbledon quarter-finals in 
1984. He served 22 aces against 
McEnroe, whose anticipation 
and reactions were often slug- 
gish, and as the match went on 
Annacone demonstrated that he 
has become a resourceful 
spoiler, often capable of frustrat- 
ing and confusing even the most 
gifted of opponents. After the 
match he was pleased but 
modest, pointing out that the 
McEnroe he had beaten was not 
the McEnroe of 1984 or even, 
for that matter. 1985. 

McEnroe's ranking has now 
plunged to 21st, leaving Con- 
nors as the only American in the 
top 10: and Connors will not be 
there for long. Another former 
champion beaten on the first 
day was Guillermo Vilas, who 
won two of his first three sets 
with Paul McNamee. Other 
onoe-prominent players to lose 
included Tomas Smid and 
Wojtek Fibakj who could mus- 

ter only one set between them 
against Amos Man&dorf and 
Francisco MacieL 

Ivan Lendl, who beat 
McEnroe in last year’s final had 
an easy first round match. Lendl 
lives in Connecticut and enjoys 
commuting to Flushing 
Meadow. “It’s so close to my 
home 1 get to stay home and 
relax. It’s a great set-up for me. 
Jeremy Bates, of Britain, was 
good enough to get through the 
first round and has a chance to 
share Lendl's company in the 
third round. 

In the women's event the 
tenth seed. Cathy Rinaldi, was 
beaten by Michelle Torres of 
Illinois. Miss Rinaldi has won 
only five singles matches in six 
challenges for the US title and 
does not regard Flushing 
Meadow as an idyllic environ- 
ment for tennis. Not many 
people do. _ 

On the first day jets taking off 
from La Guardia, a mile away, 
were using a runway that look 
them over the tennis. The noise 
was relentless and deafening. 
This has io be the only tour- 
nament in Lhe world at which 
conversational pauses ore en- 
forced in mid-phrase, where no 
writer would even think of a 
comma or a full stop. 

After the bird-song of 
Midhurst, which is home, and 
the whirr of crickets at 
Manhassct, which is a working 
base, one was driven to the 
thought that a massed chorus of 
all the birds in Sussex and all the 
crickets in the State of New 
York would find it hard to make 
themselves heard at Flushing 
Meadow. Many players — ana 
many journalists for that matter 
- go to the US championships 
to pay conscience money for the 
good things that happen to them 
in the other SO weeks of the year. 

On day two, by the way. the 
ticket clerk at Manhassct kept 
his head down and his mouth 

RESULTS: Mmc Sintfe*: Fin* round: (US 
irtess stated): PAnnacono txJ McEnroe. 
1-5. 6-1, 6-3, 6-3: B Men (SAI M S 
Ericfcsson (Sum). 63. 6-1. 62: R Seguso 
M B Pearco. 6-4. B-3. 6-2: A Mansdort (is) 
bt T Smid (Cz), 64, 7-6 (7-1J, 6-3. 

Woman: Strata Rmt round: H 
MandUuDva (CzlMM-G Cateta (Fr), 6-2. 6- 
2: G Rush bt A Hanrfcksson (U§. 6-1. rat 
R naga (IH bl V Vernuuk (SAL B-i . 6-1: K 

PPanSs (Fflbt A VinamHn>ra| 6-7.' 63! 

6- 1 ;P Harper M N DraslBrz). 7-5, 2-6. 7-5; 
A Dmowaff (Aus) M G Fernandez (P RicoL 

7- 6. 7-6; T Mocinzutt bt J Mundal (SA), 6- 


Forecast dampens race 

With gales of up to force 10 
forecast for the fifth day of 
Burnham Week, only five 
classes raced. From those, there 
were some who chose to stay 
ashore, still suffering from the 
previous day's hammering. 
There was little enthusiasm for 
setting spinnakers initially but. 
Panda, with a crew of 17,set her 
kite and the others soon fol- 

Only five boats started in 
class two. which Peter 
Clements's Cairo nade won. Da- 
vid Evans's Hullabaloo showed 
superior heavy weather han- 
dling to take class three, his 
second win this week. 

RESULTS: Clasa onae 1. Unbmmbto. CC 
Hotxta 2, Backlash. T and C Herring; 3. 
Sidewinder. J Oswald. Clan two: 1, 
Carronada, P CtomqnM; 2, Erode Bear. L 
Baker; 3. Beuerophon at Mersea. R S 
AsprnaU. Clan three: 1. Htfiabatoo. D 
Evans: 2, Wizard, D Tyoaman; 3. Local 

Hare II. R J Beales. Clan tour 1. Krystal 
of Mersea. J A Gozzstt 2. Cheetah of 
BurrtBm. A H Croker, 3. Volame. M 

• To the relief of organizers and 
competitors alike, the gale force 
winds moderated in Torbay 
yesterday, enabling the final 
race of the Mumm Champagne 
Admiral's Cup and 
Commodore's Cup to start on a 
foil Olympic course. 

Race winner on corrected 
time in the IOR Class was 
Showdown. . 

RESULTS: Third Race AMolT Cup: 1. 

Showdown, R Arnold; 2. Strew Legal, P 

DBschanps 3. Happy Apple, j & V 
WegueUn.ThW Race Commodore's Cop: 

1. The FTying Fish. D Hopkins; 2, Avne, E 

Alston: 3. Stack Adder, C Jacobs. Final 

Team RasMom AttadraTs Cup: 1. Royal 

Western Yacht dub A Team. 24 points; 2, 
Sigma 33 A. 50: 3. Royal Naval Sailing 
Association. 58.75. Ftaxi Team Position 
Commodore's Cop: 1. Royal Southern 
Yacht Ctab. 28.75; 2. Royal Tor 
Club A 5375; 3, J24 

. Yacht 


Yarmouth results 


2.15 (70 1. RUSSIAN STEPPE ® 

Forties (4»L Genend 
Heaven. OWdos. OpoorrtOwtaStwirv*. 
TaweeL votew* f&hLM & 

* L Hi H CwJwNwmwj**- Tote: 216fc 
CI.IOi £1.80, E2-30. Of: S3JK. CSF: 

Hutton, rote: qik r*- 

SaOTcSF: ^95. bowgWjn for 

1.100 gns. Afar a stewanta «qt*y ** 
result stood. 

; 9 PBI1W ..w-™-; 

(5th). 5 Tsrenga. 12 

Wham Mfc. 

sanack Street 10 ran. 3L nknk. 
UL »L J R Shaw at NewmaricetTma: 
E3 70; E2-20 £3d0, ^.10 W: £28.10. 
CSF: £45.75. Trfcast £1.26385. 

nk.tU.Xl.2LR BoMmHtaiarteLTtg: 
£8,40; £2.00, £1.10, 22-10. Dft £630. 
CSF: £1341. 


9-2 AuchWaa. 6 ‘ " 

Swyrttofd Prtace 


£2.60; tlM, 22JS0- 

Ruslwvxx (4ttiL M JDlJa'x Stated* 25 
Count Cotoura.» 

Qrace. 9 ran. 8L 2<X H Gael lat New- 
market. Tote: £1 SO: £1.10. £1-70. £1-60. 
DF: £340. CSF: £356. 

«5nn.. W .0 S j« S «« 

NR. ; Carta Dancer. BuddowWI. nk, 30. 



Oueon. Owfs Wg- IS ran. TLrtk. ^ a. 

445 (71 100yd) 1. LA JAM B A L AYA T 
Outan(7-1 te«3llM9bOJQt4nnl34-1. 

p wa. CSF: £4397- 

Roberts. Evens 

W: £950. CSF: £381 . Trtcast £66.17. 


Going: good to 

14-1). ALSO 


■ — - n pnn 

£55.50. CSF: ESI. 74. 

315 (im lOOytfl ^ 

OutheM. 2-1_%k 

12 Kamaress 


Tr least &£&£}• 
ptecepot E27 JO, 

Newton Abbot 

J£«2neeir 4L 3 WL NR: the VWdar. 
WcPofi^TtSn-90. DF: £360. 
CSF: £483 

-1), 3 OWJW en ShWOSig KU-IL urauf - 

bsS 1 ^ 

EMoTSf: £1-30. CSF: SLIj- 

- Fctowood Jj- 

Ananmcre fflri. 9S kSSo*, 


T «k teTWC waw-w- 

VS **™ «. 


• igia «50ud Itdla) 1. Draamcoat (J 

uS.B JR, ■« "ewa a 


Cff: SSSSl CSF: £121-43 

**430 f2m SI 1 ver? 

Sharwooa FOjf&Jf? X t B 

Middlesex prosper 
on their memories 

By Ivo Tenant 

LORD’S: Middlesex have scored then, even he wifi have retired. 
245 for Jive against Lancashire. Ten years have to elapse be- 
If a week is a tong time in tween his last appearance for 

— u - : — — s» West Indies and status as an 

English cricketer. 

Lancashire's thoughts yes- 
terday were seemingly on the 
final, working out which 
combination of bowlers to em- 

By Peter Mnrsop 

general Alderman 

up a storm 

politics, a year is an age m 
cricket. In August 1985 the sun 
shone and Middlesex were 
poised to win the champion- 
ship. Now.^as they strived to 
avoid the wooden spoon, there 
were five stoppages and the 
crowd was dreadfully thin... At 
least Middlesex -made reason- 
able progress on winning the 

Lancashire, of course, will be 
back here in JO days time for the 
NatWest Trophy final, when the 
gate and the atmosphere will be 
rather different from what -they 

ploy. They tried seven, one of 
whom, Watkinson. bowled 
seam-up and then off-breaks. At 
the dose they were little wiser. 

Slack and Miller put on 114 in 
170 minutes. Slack timing his 
-side shots nicely in making 
__ with .seven fours and 3 six. 
Carr and later Botcher, who 
made a half century -in 86 

laura uiiicioii «uui RU.VUH.J , . v ; — J ~ 

were yesterday. Lord’s had a qimuies with eight fours, batted 
distinct eud-of-term feel about equally well before the autum- 
it The trees behind the Warner nal weather closed in. 

Stand are turning already. . ■ u 

Oive Lloyd acting as 12th man jd can- run out 34 

at U>ttf&tlte3C£tieofmanyof ROButctierftwbWalUnson S3 - 

his triumphs. It is a creditto s * nm0rt< — ,S 

him that & is not above jl The- ■«> h Dw^itoo n« out . 7. d 

Home. Office announced yes-- • &araa Ob s.nb g — 8 

terday that he -has- become a ■ ■ Total (5 wWs. 89 w«] 245 

British citizen, POt for cricketing j e Emturey. s p Hughes, n G Cowans, 
raimoses bul because hi* home andAG JFrasertobaL „ 

is^h^and bis 'chfldren .were 2ft. < £^p KEIS{ 1 * 1K 2 ' 160, 3 " 169, 

bora here.. lancashme: q Fowiar. o o Uendte, j 

Sussex can rest easOy: Fatter- Abrahams. S j OShauohnessr. A N 
son. Lancashire’iother overseas 
player, will not be able to play as 
well as Uoyd m the final. Lloyd 
will have to wait until he is 51 
before that can occur and. by 

MytuM. U W«Odr«oa 'JSImmons. -fC 
Msynard, P-J W AHoo, I Folly. B P 

Bonus potate: Mddassx & Lancashire 3 
UmptaKE D a Constant and B Laedbeater. 

Peter Willey’s commanding 
innings of 94 not- out in 
Leicestershire's total of 186 for 
five against Derbyshire, domi- 
nated a fragmented day’s play at 
Grace Road. - Leicester, 

There had been a delay of an 
hour and a half before a start 
could be made, and that had 
meant the loss of 26 overs. As 
David Gower passed over the 
reins, and Peter' Willey, having 
assumed command, won the 
toss and decided to bat, so 
Leicestershire stumbled, and in 
a heavy fell lost Baklerstone, 
Cobb and " Whitaker to 
Mortensen and Finney. 

Willey’s generalship and skin 
came to the fore now as he 
moved io centre stage rather 
sooner than he might have 
anticipated. He had made 19 out 
of 46 for three at lunch, and in 
the first hour and a half after- 
wards Willey and Boon pushed 
on at dose to a ran a minute. 

At -Edgbaston. where York- 
shire hadinvried Warwickshire 
to bat, Paul Smith hit eight fours 
in making 50 not out in 77 
minutes, and Andy Moles 34 
not out, when rain cut short the 
day’s play shortly after five 
o'clock,' with Warwickshire 94 
for no wicket from 20 overs. 
After a delay of two and 
threequarter hours. Smith and 
Motes- played themselves in on 
an easy paced pitch before 
accelerating to a half century 
partnership in as many minutes, 
their eighth 50 partnership in 
eight innings. 

Leics y Derbyshire 

lJ3CERER8H6ffi! Rret tarings 
J G Bawretona e Malar b MonariMn ^ 
RACobbcBbsnwbRnney — —.17 

TWBaynotaut ; -- 9 * 

JJWMrtWbFtanw—: o 

TJ Boone HB bMxfoqk n 


P A J D« Freitas not aX . 

ik.u.. IW 4 4 9t 

Nottinghamshire v Kent 

NOTTMOHAMSHmE; First Innings 
B C Broad tawr b Alderman . 

r T RotmoA c Astah b Akfenran . 
M M#w**4?Akrtm*n 


m ^ _15 

r 'BWW^~1. wl.nb^ — — ^ j 

TOrt (5 wklx. 64J2 ovw^ — — — — 186 

*P wtiMeua. w JC R Mnki. J P 

AanawnOL BTxyl ortobsL 

FAU. -OF WCKET& l-Tl.i-aLS-^A- 

DeiSSiirafe *k j P«Twa ._lB j m 

Muhar. A HiH. J I MO"*. B Robartt. G 
ufllar, R Etwmx. R J Frtioy. M Jean- 
H Morwrewi. De Malcolm. 
Bonus pointta 0#ta»*Wra 3 LMctaar- 
sMre 1. 

umpires J Bktoirttew wd b Duawon 

Second XI championslup 


EsBax vgt . 

pi n TRAFTORte SW#y II 34 tor 1 x 
uncwhxn II. 

■CEB Rice taw pAkrtman 

- PJobrKoneASMlbAMannan. 

J O Bfrch c Astett b DHay 

R J HadteacTrare — 

t8 N French e sub b DBtv — 
RAPjckeAxtettbEfisofl — r 
E E H*mraing* taw b Orton — 
J A Abort! not out 

- 0 

- 4 

Baraspl. B>10) . 
Total (832 overs} . 

, 17 
„ 16 
— 0 
— 0 
_ n 


BOWLING: OHey 26*81-2: Aktonran 21- 
644-5: Underwood 13643-0; Biison 32- 
3-164 Data 6-1-7-6. 

KBIT: First tantaflt 

M R Baraon taw b Hades — ; 7 

NHTMoribwbHadtoe 7 

*C J Tavar* b Pick 4 

DQ Astetnot out ■ ■ 1 

RM Bflsonnotout : — 4 

Extras (ta 1} 1 

Total (3 wfcts. 13 own# . 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-13 M3 M3 4. 
31.543 6-168. 7^2.8^39. 6233 IQ- 
240. . 

Warwicks y Yorks 

WARWICKSHIRE: First fnotags 
A J Motes not but — 34 


Extras (ta 4. * 3)- — — — _10 

Tool fno wW. 20 owera) 94 

A i Ksttctamn. D L Amis*, to W 
HuTirege. Aslf Dta. A M Foreba. KJ Ken; 
G C SmS. T A Munion and *N Gtflord to 

— 24 

S G UW®. C S Ode. tS A Marsh. G 3 
-OBtey. D L Undarmod and T M AWerman 
to bat 

FALL OF WICKETS 1-14. 2-15.3-19. 
Bonus poifil* NOMtaghsmshlra Z. WW4. 

. Umpires: RJufan and NTPtem. .. 

No play yesterday 


County ChampionsMp 

SWANSEA: Gfeunorganv Surrey. •' 
NORTHAMPTON: NortlBHnpionsrtfB v 

Jeimond; Norttiumbortand v Dumwn.- 

By Peter Ball 

TRENT BRIDGE: Kent, with 
seven first-innings wickets in 
hand, are 216 runs behind 

With the tour of Australia 
' looming large in their thoughts, 
the England selectors were 
represented at Nottingham yes- 
terday by Phil Sharpe. Robin- 
son. Dilley and Ellison all made 
worthwhile ' contributions for 
him to note, but centre stage was 
commanded by the two Antipo- 
dean stars, Hadlee and 

The morning belonged to 
Alderman, who began as if be 
intended to wreak greater havoc 
than Hurricane Charley as he 
claimed the first five Notts 
wickets at a personal cost of 26 

Once Alderman got into his 
stride, cutting down his run and 
looking every inch of that rare 
breed, lhe classic seam bowler, 
he unhinged the early battixui 
with his (ate swing. Broad, 
perhaps baffled by such exotic 
fere, was trapped leg-before 
second ball not playing a stroke. 
Newell equally perplexed, lost 
his middle stump to the next 
delivery and. although Rice 
survived the hat-trick, he fol- 
lowed two balls later, Aslen 
holding the first of three splen- 
did slip catches. 

Robinson survived a chance 
to square leg at 13 off the 
enthusiastic but less deadly 
Dilley. Thus reprieved, al- 
though he soon lost Johnson, he 
began Notts recovery with 
Birch. The stand had realized 56 
in 26 overs. Robinson having 
reached a meritorious 50, when 
his stay of 131 minutes was 
ended by Alderman’s return, a 
loose looking drive ed g i n g to 
Aslett's safe hands at slip. 

It was also the’ end' of 
Alderman's domination as 
Hadlee . replaced Robinson. 
Deciding h was a case of muck 
or nettles, the New Zealander 
chanced his arm in the attempt 
to hit Alderman off his length. 
He succeeded dramatically and 
Alderman -was driven out of the 
attack, his eight overs after 
lunch yielding 51 runs. 

That task accomplished. 
Hadlee settled down and saw bis 
side to 239 before becoming the 
first of Ellison's three victims in 
seven deliveries. Hadlee was noi 
finished, removing both openers 
in his own fourth over. 


AH dividends subject to rascmttiy. 


Afl matches tor Aug 23rd 



I- 9 MILU 0 N 

24 RTS £449-25 

23 PTS £9-35 

22Y2PTS £3-20 

22 PTS £1-05 

2IVzPTS £0-55 

5 Dividends only- See Rule 9(1] 

Mta Ctaar dnrtetrta ta nltf af Vi a. 



4 DRAWS £1-45 

10 HOMES £10.061-00 

4AWAYS £2-25 

Above dmfleaifai to onita of IDp 

Expanses and Commission 
9th August 1986-319% 




Join the 
£'iMillton Club 


Bristol Client Wins £21,524 

See Rule 9 

24 pts £13045 

23 pts £2-50 

22% pts £1-00 

Treble Chorea DMdands to Unit* of 


10 HOMES £1*47500 

(Nothing Barred) 

5AWAYS £095 

(Nothing Barred) 

4 DRAWS £1-20 

(Nothing Barred) 

Above Dividends to Units of lflp. . 
Expenses and Commission for 9th 
August 1906-33-5% 

For coupons Phone 01-200 0200 








24 pis £45.30 

23 Pts — ,£0,70 

22V4 Ptt. . £0.25 



4 DRAWS. £1.40 

4 AWAYS. £2.00 


4 HOMES JE180.60 

Phone 01-253 5376 lorcoupons 






Record comes 
within sight 
as Ballesteros 
marches on 

From Mitchell Platts, Dusseldorf 

Severiano Ballesteros re- 
sumes his assault on the 
European circuit in the 
Lufthansa German Open 
which starts on the 
Hubbclrath Course here 

Ballesteros has won each of 
his last five tournaments on 
the PGA European tour, a 
record punctuated only by his 
indifferent performances in 
the United States Open, the 
Open Championship and the 
US PGA Championship. 

He finished joint sixth at 
Turn berry — which ranks as 
his lowest placing in- 10 tour- 
naments that count for the 
Epson order of merit - and is 
currently 89 under par for 
theseason. with a stroke av- 
erage of 68.92. 

The world No I has now 
won 48 tournaments around 
the world since he achieved 
his initial breakthrough by 
capturing the Dutch Open in 
1 976. The mercurial Spaniard 
relishes setting new standards 
and has already established a 
record for one season by 
passing the £162.552 that 
Sandy Lyle earned last year. 

Moreover, he has equalled 
the five victories achieved by 
Nick Faldo in 1983 — 
acknowledged as a record 
since the British and Conti- 
nental tours linked together in 
1972 — and he will have no 
better chance of beating the 
all-lime European record of 
seven wins. Norman von 
Nida. of Australia, set that 
particular target in 1947. 10 
years before Ballesteros was 
bom. and Flory van Donck, of 
Belgium, equalled it in 1953. 

The one-year suspension 
placed upon Ballesteros by the 
US PGA tour, for his failure to 
compete in a minimum of 15 
tournaments in 1985. released 
him to concentrate his efforts 
on Europe. Even so, his 
achievement in climbing to 
the top of the order of merit 
with winnings of £195,532 — 
he has not reached such 
heights since 1978 - is quite 
exceptional at a time when the 
European tour is widely 

1986 European tour records 

Severiano Ballesteros 

Tournament Position R1 R2 R3 R4 Agg Win n i n gs 

SuzeOpen - 2 70 69 68 73 280 £11,326.53. 

Cepsa Madrid Open 2 69 67 69 70 275 £13,320.00 

Italian Open T4 70 67 65 71 273 £4,595.91 

Peugeot Spanish Open 3 74 66 68 68 276 £9.380.00 

Dunnril Bnt Masters — 1 67 68 70 70 275 £ 33333 4) 0 

Carrolls Irish Open 1 68 75 68 74 285 £31.69932 

JW Monte Carlo Open 1 66 71 64 64 265 £26365,75 

Peugeot French Open 1 65 66 69 69 269 £20.181.69 

Open Championship T6 76 75 73 64 288 £22.000.00 

KLM Dutch Open 1 69 63 71 68 Z71 £23330 00 

Total £195332.70 

Order of Merit Position: 1; Rounds: 40; Strokes: 2,757; Stroke overage: 

Nick Faldo 

Tournament Position R1 R2 R3 R4 Agg Winnings 

Epson Grand Prix" ... T17 £1350.00 

Whyte & Mackay PGA 3 68 74 74 68 284 £13.150.00 

Four Stars Pro-Ceteh -.739 73 72 76 68 289 £795.83 

Dunum Bnt Masters T9 73 70 72 68 283 £3.728.75 

Carrolls Irish Open 75 74 81 155 - 

Peugeot French Open 4 66 70 68 70 274 £6.056.37 

Car Care Plan Int T14 71 68 67 73 279 £1.551.00 

Open Championship .... 5 71 70 76 70 287 £25.000.00 

KLM Dutch Open T18 74 69 71 71 285 £1.770.00 

Benson & Hedges Int 12 71 70 71 67 279 £3.100.00 

JM Agg 

68 284 
68 289 
68 283 
70 274 
73 279 

70 287 

71 285 
67 279 

Tournament Position R1 R2 R3 R4 Agg Winnings 

Epson Grand Prix" ... T17 £1350.00 

Whyte & Mackay PGA — 3 68 74 74 68 284 £13.150.00 

Four Stars Pro-Ceteh -.739 73 72 76 68 289 £795.83 

□unhid Bnt Masters T9 73 70 72 68 283 £3.728.75 

Carrolls Irish Open - 75 74 81 155 - 

Peugeot French Open 4 66 70 68 70 274 £6.056.37 

Car Care Plan Int T14 71 68 67 73 279 £1.551.00 

Open Championship 5 71 70 76 70 287 £25.000.00 

KLM Dutch Open T18 74 69 71 71 285 £1.770.00 

Benson & Hedges Int 12 71 70 71 67 279 £3.100.00 

Total £56.501.95 

■ march play. 

Order of Merit Position: 9; Rounds: 34; Strokes: 2415; Stroke average: 

Bernhard Langer 

Tournament Position R1 R2 R3 R4 Agg Winnings 

Duntxn Bnt Masters T3 68 68 72 70 278 £10.690.00 

Carrods Irish Open T13 74 76 70 74 294 £2.923.89 

Peugeot French Open 3 71 65 68 68 272 £7384.44 

OpenChampionship -. T3 72 70 76 68 288 £35,000.00 

Total £56,198.33 

Order of Merit Position: 11; Rounds: 16; Strokes: 1.130; Stroke average: 


Sandy Lyfa 

Tournament Position Rf R2 R3 R4 Agg Winnings 

Epson Grand Pnx* 4 £8350.00 

Whyte 8 Mackay PGA — T 8 69 78 72 68 287 £4.716.67 

OunhiU Bnt Masters T20 70 70 73 73 286 £2.135.00 

Carrolls Irish Open T30 72 82 75 71 300 £1328.54 

JW Monte Carlo Open T15 65 67 71 69 272 £2.177.76 

Open Championship T30 76 73 70 74 295 £3.800.00 

Scandinavian Open T14 67 71 72 72 262 £2.078.55 

Benson & Hedges Int — 109 71 77 148 - 

Bell's Scottish Open T7 70 69 66 71 276 £3.575.00 

Tournament Position R1 R2 R3 R4 Agg 

Duntxn Bnt Masters T3 68 68 72 70 278 

Carrods Irish Open T13 74 76 70 74 294 

Peugeot French Open 3 71 65 68 68 272 

Open Championship — — T3 72 70 76 68 286 


Tournament Position Rf R2 R3 R4 Agg Winnings 

Epson Grand Pnx* 4 £8350.00 

Whyte 8 Mackay PGA — T 8 69 78 72 68 287 £4.716.67 

OunhiU Bnt Masters T20 70 70 73 73 286 £2.135.00 

Carrolls Irish Open T30 72 82 75 71 300 £1328.54 

JW Monte Carlo Open T15 65 67 71 69 272 £2.177.76 

Open Championship T30 76 73 70 74 295 £3.800.00 

Scandinavian Open T14 67 71 72 72 262 £2.078.55 

Benson & Hedges Int — 109 71 77 148 - 

Bell's Scottish open T7 70 69 66 71 276 £3,575.00 

Total £2836032 

■ match play _ 

Order of Mem Position: 32; Rounds: 30: Strokes: 2,148; Stroke average: 


. — T30 78 73 

T14 67 71 

. — 109 71 77 
T7 70 69 

R3 R4 Agg 

72 68 287 

73 73 286 
75 71 300 

71 69 272 
70 74 295 

72 72 262 


66 71 276 

acknowledged as being stron- 
ger than ever before. 

That belief is highlighted by 
the failure of Nick Faldo, 
Bernhard Langer and Sandy 
Lyle to gain one European 
victory between them this 
year. In truth, Langer has 
competed in only four tour- 
naments, finishing third in all 
but one of them, but Lyle and 
Faldo have teed-up on nine 
and 10 occasions respectively. 

The German Open has suc- 
ceeded in bringing together 
these four highly- talented 
players for only the third time 
in Europe this season. Only 
Langer, however, would ap- 
pear to have the confidence in 
his game to halt the relentless 
progress of Ballesteros. 

Langer, however, would be 
the first to admit there is 
nothing quite like winning. He 
has so far failed to achieve a 
success this year despite earn- 
ing more than $350,000 
(about £236.000) on the 
American circuit, where he 
was beaten in a play-off for the 
.Andy Williams Open earlier 
in the season and more re- 
cently finished runner-up in 
The International, at Denver, 

Lyle has savoured success, 
winning the Greater Greens- 
boro Open in North Carolina 
in April. but he has lacked 
inspiration in Europe. Faldo, 
meanwhile, has gone an 
agonizing 27 months without 
winning. He managed to fin- 
ish fifth in last month's Open, 
but one week later trailed 
home 14 strokes behind 
Ballesteros in the Dutch Open. 

That was Ballesteros's last 
European appearance. He sub- 
sequently made a premature 
departure from the US PGA 
Championship since when he 
has taken time out to rest at 
home and attend to other 
business arrangements. 
Ballesteros, has not won the 
German Open since 1978, 
though Langer has taken the 
title three times in the last five 
years. Tony JackJin is the only 
British player to have won in 
the last 10 years. 

• • » . -V>. '.i \ ~ ■ 

' ' ■ ... . ' ■ • 

Ballesteros: setting new standards 



Calgary E German 

for gold 

New York (Heater) — Or- 
ganizers of the 1988 winter 
Olympics at Calgary, Alberta, 
vowed yesterday to emulate the 
profit-making techniques used 
at the 1984 Los Angeles Games. 

Calling the Los Angeles 
Olympics kk a major 
breakthrough", Otto Jelinek, 
the Canadian minister of state 
for fitness and amatear sport, 
said: "International games are 
going to be modelled on the 
success of Los Angeles. Sport is 
a business. In the past Canada 
has not been aggressive enough 
in f inan cing and marketing 

Jelinek. together with Wil- 
liam Wardle, a games' official, 
reeled off a list of corporate 
sponsorship deals already com- 
pleted, as well as television 
rights and agreements with Ca- 
nadian. United States and Japa- 
nese networks. Wardle. said, 
additional agreements were ex- 
pected to be finalized by the end 
of the year. 

Referring to the Los Angeles 
Olympics as the "free enterprise 
games". Wardle said the 
sponsorship deals were being 
allotted on an exclusive basis 
within each industry except in 
the case of petroleum, Alberta's 
major industry and employer. 

Jelinek said that Calgary, 
unlike Los Angeles, did not have 
a wealth of sites already in place 
for Olympic sporting events and 
said die Canadian government 
had made a commitment of more 
than S140 million. None of that 
was being raised by taxes, be 

Jelinek also attacked both 
drags and political boycotts in 
sport and called for a firm stand 
against drugs not only in the 
interests of health and fair play, 
bnt also because of comerrial 

Jelinek argued that no con- 
crete results were achieved by 
politically-motivated boycotts of 
the recent Commonwealth 
Games and the 1984 Los An- 
geles and 1980 Moscow 

• Toronto is to launch a bid to 
stage the 1996 Olympic Gaines. 
The city council has voted 

unanimously to back the bid, 

which had been proposed by 
some 30 companies who have 
joined forces to pot op the money 
for the formation of a Toronto- 
Ontario Olympic committee. 

The consortium had presented 
a report to the coanciL showing 
that if (he dty were to host the 
Games, it could bring in a profit 
of more than SCan 1.000 million 
to Toronto and the province of 



DacaMOK 100m: Hart 1 : 1 . T Voss (EG). 
10 53S8C Z A BfcHXMt (Frt. 10.74. 3. C 
Piann (Fr). 10A*: *. J Hmcpen (WG). 
1087: 5. B GMfnMMr (SwRzL 1 1.14; 6 . V 
Kuatvet (USSR). 11 *a Heat 2 : I. O 
Thompson iGraat Bntan). 102& 2. G 
KratsenmoriWGl. 10 62:3. S Wentz (WG1. 
10.83. *. G Degtyarev (USSR). 10.98: 5. li 
FiatnuOi (EG). 11.02; 6 . A Apaashev 
(USSftt. IF .14 Heat £ 1. E G*es (GB). 
1064: Z. RdMW (NeOi). 11.07. 3. S 
Ekbera (S«raL 11 07; 4. P Vetrorti iSwni. 
11.23. V W Mom (Frt. 1 1 X. 6 . M Otander 
(SwoL 11-29. Heat 4- 1 . P Kesfcrtate (Fir). 
10 67; 2. L Warning (Den). 1032; 3. J 
Mandl (Austria). 1035: *. C O’Connell 
(Ire). 1 1.04: S. SI Btoms&rand (Sura). 1 1.05. 
Lana (amp: Grow A: 1, Nngsan. 7.89m ; 
Z Voss. 785: 3. Thompson. 7.72: 4. 
Wane. 7.60; fr Krttsamer. 7.50: 6. 
BtondeL 7.42. 7. Planet 736: 8 , 
Degtyarev. 726; 9. Frwmutfw 725; 10. 
Aoamriev. 72S; 11 , Gaefwrtar. 7 06: 12. 
Kutfttt. 6.71. Group 8 : 1. Koskitato. 7 57; 
2. O'Comrt, 7 21: 3. MartdL 7 09: 4. da 
we. 7 0 S; S. auserg. 7.05: 6 . Warming. 
7.03: 7. Mont. 7.0ft 6 . GBkas. 7.00; 9. 
Bkxnstrand. 6.78: 10. Otander. 6.78: 11. 
VMerti. 6.77. 

Shot Gram * 1. Migran. 16.465 2. 
ThonXJSon. 1573; 3. ApaitShev. 1557: 4. 
Wentz. 15-45. 5. Fremutn, 1528, 6. Voss, 
(4.93. 7. Pteftflt 14 73: 8. Demy-arm. 
14 . 72 ; 9. Gaehwfl*. U.15: 10. ftoncW. 
1327. Group B: 1. Olamtar. 15.6Z: 2. 
G*«. 14.92: 3. Man*. 1*27. 4, Vetterfl. 
14 27; 5. BfamUrand. 14.10: 6 . do W4. 
14.04: 7. Keskrtato. 14.01 6 Man. lftflft 
9. Ekterg. 1155: 10. Wamwig, 1352. 11. 
O'ConnriL 1153. 

Blonde*. 2518: 11. Degtyarev. 2511: 12, 
Mantfl. £.452. 

Pole vurtfOuaUtars for Snap 1. A Tarar 
(Bun. 5 50m: 2. T Wgneron. 550: 1 N 
Ntkoknr I Bui). S-50; 4, K Kuusrta (Hnl. 
5 SO; 5. F Jansa(Cz), 550: 6. P Coital (Frt 
5.50: 7. S But*a (USSR). 550: 8. 2 
Lubenskv (Cz). 550: 9. V Bubka (USSR). 
550: 10. S Punch®* (BuA. 550: 11. C 
Leeuwenbugn irwtm. 5.40: 12. A 
Pettornerm |F«), 5.40; 13, 3 Ftfrmra jFrJ, 

Tuesday's late results 
100m (quakhem for sanvJinaisc Hast 1: 1. 
A WHS (OB). 10.31 sec 2. A Ricnard (Fr). 
1018. 3. C Haas MG). 1018: 4. V 
Muravyov (USSR). 1039. Hrat 2: 1. S 
Brtngmann [EGV 1034; ft M YiBftnano* 
fUSSRL rft38. 3. A Bwgar (a«*»mi, 
1050. Hart 3: 1. A Kovacs (Hung). 10-32; 
t, T Schroflw (ECt 1 013; 3. J Evers (WOG). 
1018. Hart 4: 1 . V Btvsot (USSR). 1015; 
2. J J Argues |SpK ld.44; 3 . M McFartane 
(GB). 10 48 Heal Si 1. L Oms&e (GBt 
1025. 2. B ManeJtom (Frt. 1029. 3. R 
DesrueUes (Bel). 10.41. 

800m (oualhera far fienwtnaJst Hart 1: 1. 
P Brain (WG). 1:4818. Z R Ostrawskj 
(Pol). 1-4839: 3 R Onmpers (NethL 
1.4842. 4, VV. Graudyn (USSR). 1:48.49. 
Heat Sb 1. T Mckaan (Get i> 

Kan 1: 1 . S Nvlander (Swe). 49 8Qsec. 2, 
C tamo* (Bud. 5002: 3. J Afanw (Srt, 
50 03: 4. M Kaufan (WGL 5059. Hart 2: 1. 
A vasaev (USSR!. 49 6i: 2. P Sdwtt 
(WGV 49.74; 3. R To m trwlem (Befl. 4952: 
4 . T Futtartotscfit (Austria). 50.17: 5. L 
Cost (It). 50 69. Hart 3; 1. H SAnd (WG). 
53.15. 2. P Gonrgam I Frt. 50.45: 3, M 
Robertson ©3)750.64. Hart 4: l. T 

Semsuov O^t). 4955: 2, T Katovamis 
(Grt. 49.96: 3. J Kuca| (CU. 50.0ft 4. P 
Beane (GS). SO. 00. 

JeveBn (oua mere ter Bna» Gwmp fc 1 ■ K 
Tafeweer (WGL 82.68 MSUIMi 
(EG). 81.40; 3. M Kaieia (USSR). 812Z *. 
V YewytdWv (USSR). Jft J “g" 
(Fin). TftBi Qmrttt 1. HPuraeOJ^ 
8254: 2. D MUael (EGL 79.84; 3. S 
Krdzabc (TugV 79 4&4. »fCm**a0Wl 
78.94; 5. S Gorak ITOLraflS ft M HrS 
(GB). 77S4; 7. D Otflay (GBJ. 77,88. 

(WG), 1128; 4. O Sofataryova (USSR). 
1138; 5.SWh«akar IGS). 1151. 

400m lauahfiers tar senv^maist Hart 1: t. 
M Keen (EG), S254sec 2. M PWnna 
(USSR). 52.43: 3, K Us (WGt 52.68; 4. f 
Pcner (Fr), 525 1 . Heat 2: 1. M wojdeow 
(Pol). 52.79: 2. K Ensnetmam (EG), 52.61 : 
3. 0 VfanWna OJSSR). 5252: 4. G Kmzal 
(WG), 53.62. 5. C Cempana(W. 5310: 6. A 
Gundenen (Nort. 5455 He« 3: 1. O 
Nasarova (USSRt 5226: 2. P Murter 

f SL 5216; 3. 7 KOcambova (Cz). 521 9 ; 

U TIwtbti MGl 5219: 5. H Barnett (GBL 
52.46; 6. E Rossi (It). S3 21. 

800m (Ooaiflera lor sen«^nrt9fe Hart 1: 
1. L Gurma (USSFrt 20022 ; 2. G 
Bussmann (WGL 20027: 3. S Wodan 
(EG) 2JK2& 4. M JuMUrtu (Rom), 
2: 00.35. 5. S Baity IGS). 200.41. Heat fc 1. 


6. Raoat 2.570: 7. G»ss. 254 1 . a 
Frtvnuafi. ZSS7: g. Apaicnev. 2 S29. 10 . 

1.48 42 4, VV. Graudyn (USSR). 1:48.49. 
Heat 2 1. T McKean (G8t 14817; 2 W 
Staroduezew (USSR), V4848; 3, M 
A9smann{WG).l’4865 Hart 3: 1. SCram 
(G8t 1:4654: 2 V Kabnui (USSR1. 
1 4668: 3. A Silva IPOrt). 1:4674: 4. H-J 
MogaitelEGl. I*696: 5. M Enhohn iSwe). 
1 4840. Heat 4: 1 . S Coe (GB). 1 47.64. 2 
A Sutionen (Fin). T 47.71 . j. P CollaidlFrl. 
1:47.72 4 . T Gressmo (WG). MW 
10,000m final: «. S Me- («). 27mm 
56 79sec. 2 A Covs mx 27:57.93; 3. S 
AnMfa (HI, 2ft0025: 4. M Enam ( SwoL 
n.0'5u:5.DCastroiPon).2SOl 62: 6. J 
Treacy Ural. 2804 IO. 10. S Hams (351. 
28:16.79: l2.SBmns(GBl. 28 17.90; 14. C 
Thadiery |Gfi).2633 63. 

400m nwdtoa (guaMws far santUnaici; 

MJi limp (quaHtamtertaMft Gray Ai 1. 
ETrv&rtska (Pod IlSfn; 2 L Itosslzyna 
(USSR). 1.8a; S tWIKtVM: 4.0 
Tunshak (USSR), lift ft 5 fcsaaw (SuO. 
1.89: H Redewiy (WGL1«. 
rmnMiir 11 . S McPsaka (GB). 1.76. 
Gn«B! 1 . S K ostatSnwra (&J1). 1 21. 2 . S 
K itUmiann (Austro), lift ft D DavlW 
(GBl. 1 .83: 4 . 0 Bultevska (WIRW 
Ada (HiaisL 1.89: 6. A B«nws(EC), 
BrtSsii non-qertMemi 10. J Bayte (GB). 
< 83 

Tuesday’s late results 

100m iMtafitare aenwfinSs): Hart 1: 1 . 

1 AyerswaW (EG). 11 issue: Z A Nuneva 
l Bui 1 . 1121: 3l h Oakes iGBL it-SB: £. I 
S^ussar (US5R). 1 l 38: 5. L Btly (Frt. 
11 46. 6. U S&man(wG). IIS. Heats 1. 
m Gc.1T 1 EG). 11 . 06 : 2 E Vadar (N«r). 
1 1 30 3. A Nasfatvfea (USSR), 1 1 oft L 
P Dunn (GBl. 1131; 5. R Maerz (WG). 
1 1 .SS. Hart 3: 1 , H Cocman pteSii. 1 M 2: 

2 S Gfachscn (EG), 11 16: 3. H-E Gauge! 

Wacmel (EG). 2-0331 : 6. V Beciaa (Rom). 
20436. Heat 1 1. N Ottsarenko (USSR), 
202.12 2 G SedHtova (Czi. 20257: 3. S 
coiouic lYug). 20259: 4, L Baker (GB). 
20262 5. Hi Bern (Bm. 20257. 

2000 m Mien far ftnalt Hart 1:1,0 
Bondarenko (USSR). Bnwi 5338see 2. C 
Buerta (SwUri. 25532 ft V MwnaNtt 
(WG). 836.28; 4, E van HUSI (Hath). 

Slvp-ysva (USSR). 8:49.1ft 4, V Murray 
(GS). 949.56: 5, T Samokmko (USSR). 

861 19: 6. A SercantjFrt- 85721 
Marathon fatal: 1 . fl Mota (Port). Ov 
26mm 38s«: 2 L FogB (It), 23232 3, Y 
Shramenkcva (USSRI. 234:18: 4. S 
Keafatala (Pm). 23411; 5. J VWeton (Ff). 
235.1 7. 6. B MM iNort. 235:34. 

10km walk ftnat 1. M Cruz Oiaz (5p)I 
46mm 09sec, 2. A Janssen (Svw). 48-14. 
3. S ttane= (Sue). 46 19: 4. Y Rod«nova 
(USSR). 4618: 5. M Raws SO0mo/SpL 
4ola. ft L LevandOvSkaya (USSR). 4818: 

Play-offs Luton impressed 
open up by the success 

of visitors ban 

gets her 
skates on 

Colorado Springs (Reuter) — 
East German women made their 
debut in the world champion- 
ships yesterday after inclement 
weather threatened to wash out 
the previous night's opening 
ceremonies. Connie Paraskevin. 
of the United States, began her 
attempt to regain the women's 
match sprint title, which she lost 
last year after three successive 
victories, in a qualifying run 
that included a worrisome new 

Christa Rothcnburger. of East 
Germany, who won the Olym- 
pic 500 metres speedskating 
gold medal -in 1984. joined 
Erika Saloumaiee, of the Soviet 
Union, as one of Paraskevin's 
main rivals, according to the 25- 
year-old American, herself a 
former speeds kater. 

“Knowing how powerful 
Christa was on skates, she’s 
bound to be as impressive as the 
top East German men have been 
for a long lime,” Paraskevin 
said after her final training. 
Women’s cycling is being in- 
cluded in the Olympic Games 
for the first time in 1988 and the 
East Germans are using the 
world championships as an 
international test for a training 
programme, which has already 
produced a powerful men's 
team. Paraskevin said the East 
German women had been doing 
sprint training for at least three 

East Germany's Lutz 
Hesslich. seeking his third 
.consecutive amateur match 
sprint title, was among those 
nding in the first of 12 amateur 
and professional events on the 
fast concrete track of the Olym- 
! pic Training Centre velodrome. 

, The Soviet Union’s Viatcheslav 
Ekimov will also be defending 
his title in (he 4,000 metres 
individual pursuiL 

Organizers apologized for de- 
lays in getting the mile-high 
velodrome ready, blaming the 
wettest August in Colorado 
Springs' history. “The weather 
can’t get any worse for August, 
so it’s got to gel better," James 
Warsinske. general manager of 
the championships, said. He 
added that a record 900 cyclists 
from 57 countries were taking 
pan in the event, 

Italy's Maria Can ins, the 1986 
Tour dc France winner, frac- 
tured a collar-bone in a lull 
during training , forcing her out 
of the road race. Can ms. aged 
37. who finished second to 
Jeannie Longo. of France, last 
year, was blown over by a gust of 
wind during a training run on 
the road race circuit at the 
United States Air Force Acad- 
emy. a team spokesman said. 

open up 

j Madrid (Reuter) — The Span- 
j ish first division championship. 

which gels underway on Sun- 
1 day. should be dominated yet 
J again by the country’s two 
I soccer giants, Barcelona and 
I Real Madrid- The two dubs’ 
j appear to be head and shoulders 
above their 16 rivals, although 
the new play-off system in- 
. traduced this season will add 
uncertainty to a tougher and 
extended competition. 

Real Madrid and Barcelona 
were at the forefront of an 
excellent 1985-86 season in 
which Spain had a repre- 
sentative in all three European 
club finals and reached the 
quarter-finals of the World Cup 
in Mexico. Real, league cham- 
pions and UEFA Cup winners, 
made only minor changes to 
their powerful squad, built 
around Emilio Butragueno. Ar- 
gentine Jorge Valdano and 
Mexican Hugo Sanchez — the 
Spanish league's top scorer tor 
the past two seasons. But Leo 
Beenhakker. the new coach, 
wants to put his marie on the 
• side. **I want the team to be 
faster and more flexible. ( shall 
try to change our style and bring 
in some of my own ideas." the 
former coach of the Dutch 
national side said. 

Wealthy Barcelona, reeling 
from a heartbreaking year, have 
characteristically spent around 
$8 million in a bid to return to 
the top. The Catalans have 
signed Gary Lineker, the World 
Cup's top scorer, from Everton. 
Mark Hughes, from Manchester 
United and Andoni 
Zubizarreta, Spain's World Cup 
goalkeeper, from Athletic Bil- 
bao. Barcelona went Agonizingly 
close to a historic treble list 
season but emerged with pre- 
cious - little in the end. TTtey 
finished second to Real in the 
league, were beaten by Zaragoza 
in the Spanish Cup final and saw 
the dream of winning the Euro- 
pean Cup crushed in the final by 
Steaua Bucharest of Romania in 
a nerve-racking penalty 

Terry Venables, the English 
coach, who has made the league 
his number one priority, won 
his fight to remove Bemd 
Schuster, the West German 
midfield player, from the team 
in order to bring in Hughes and 
Lineker as (be two foreigners the 
regulations allow him to field. 
Sieve Archibald, the Scottish 
interna tianaL will play for Ath- 
letic. Barcelona's second di- 
vision team, but what wifi 
happen to Schuster is not yet 
dear. Schuster, at odds with 
Venables and Barcelona's exec- 
utives. has two more years in 
Spain and has threatened to sue 
the dub for not registering him 
in the league this year. 

By Clive White 

As the sad reality of Luton 
Town's decision to ban visiting 
supporters sank in on its wet 
introduction at Kenilworth 
Road on Tuesday, those present 
were given a depressing glimpse 
of football's future. 

On the morning after the 
historic night before. Luton, 
having encountered the in- 
evitable teething problems of 
working such a scheme, de- 
clared it a success and pledged 
1 hem selves to making it work 
more smoothly in the future. 

Some would dispute the asser- 
tion of John Smith, the club's 
executive, and his chairman. 
David Evans, that the at- 
mosphere was “terrific." Cer- 
tainly it was without aggression 
and the usual ugly war-m ongo- 
ing of rival supporters- H also 
made one feel human again to 
watch a football match without 
being caged in by nine fool 
fencing. Bui there was a lack of 
competitive edge about the 
occasion which was distinctly 
abnormal and was underlined 
by the response or tack of it to 
Southampton's only goal. 

Despite objections, some 
from official quarters. Luton are 
committed to their scheme — 
reluctantly embarked upon — 
for the forseeable future. Mr 
Smith raid: “If the initiative that 
the government has taken in the 
last 12 months over hooligan- 
ism had been taken 20 years ago. 
we wouldn't be in the situation 
we are today. 

“Our decision was initially 
taken on moral grounds but we 
hope eventually it will prove 
financially benefidaL The direc- 
tion that attendances have been 
heading in recent seasons would 
have led us to a position where 
no one was watching the game. 
Something had to be done." 

Tuesday's attendance against 
Southampton of 8.777 was. 
surprisingly, only 99 down from 
last season's fixture watched in 
good weather in a Saturday in 
October, unlike the current 

inhospitable summer weather. 
Luton hope eventually to im- 
prove even on corresponding 
attendances last season and 
have budgeted for an average oi 
1 1.000 as against last season s 

The chief problem on Tues- 
day was that there were in- 
sufficient turnstile operators to 
collect pavmcni on the inner 
ring of their new security sys- 
tem. Also two of the 10 auto- 
matic external turnstiles, which 
receive the membership card, 
failed to work. 

"People who come knowing 
that thev are not allowed in will 
be hit hard by the police. They 
are committed to our scheme, 
warned Mr Smith. Without the 
need for police reinforcements 
inside the ground (1 saw only 
one constable on Tuesday) the 
club have saved £90.000 a 
season on manpower security to 

offset the £ 1 20.000 plus spent in 

operating the new membership 

Many members — 16.000 
have bought the cards at £1 a 
time — were disappointed to 
discover on Tuesday that they 
could not gain admission for 
friends whom they brought with 
them. Guests, the club have 
insisted, must be pre- booked by 

As for cup competitions. Lu- 
ton are standing firm on their 
decision not to allow visiting 
supporters. The Football League 
say that a visiting club have the 
right to receive a 25 per cent 
ticket allocation for the 
Lilllewoods Challenge Cup. If 
the club insist on their alloca- 
tion Luton say they will refuse 
to give it 10 them. The League 
will almost certainly then rule 
that the Luton “home" leg must 
be played on another ground. 
The Football Association are 
carefully monitoring the situa- 
tion and Bert Miliichip. the 
chairman, who was present on 
Tuesday, was reported to be 
suitably impressed. 

Hopkins talks to City 

Dave Bassett, the Wimbledon 
manager, appears unlikely to 
succeed in his attempt to sign 
Robert Hopkins, the Bir- 
mingham City winger, who 
travelled to Manchester City 
yesterday to have talks with the 

Bassett admitted: "He is still 
keen to stay in Birmingham but 
1 want him to strengthen my 
squad here. We've 20 pro- 
fessional players who can slip 
into the fust team but we need 
more siren th and depth now 
that we are in the first division." 

He was delighted with 
Wimbledon's win over Aston 
Villa on Tuesday with goals 
from Hodges, Fashanu and 
Gage at a rain-swept Plough 

Villa replied with a penalty 
from Evans and a goal in injury- 
time from Garry Thompson, 
their £450.000 summer signing. 
Thompson, a recruit from Shef- 
field Wednesday, is one of the 
£2.5 million worth of signings 
by Graham Turner, the Aston 
Villa manager, during the last 

Amateur game gets cash boost 

The new season opens on 
Sunday with the Australian 
tourists eagerly awaited, and 
new sponsors. Stones Bitter, 
providing the highest-ever cash 
prize of £20,000 for the cham- 
pions. However, to prove again 
that every, silver lining has a 
dotid, Fntbara have gnea op the 
ghost after a long struggle, and 
three second division dobs are 
angry that other dubs get four 
pouts from the Fulham fixtures 
while they get none. 

There will be a dog fight to 
avoid the bottom four positions 
in division one. with four dobs 
going down and only two coming 
up to reduce the first division to 
14 dobs. Terry Holmes, with his 
vulnerable shoulder now lit- 
erally stitched together, tries 
again for Bradford Northern 
against Widnes. who cannot be 
expected to give Holmes sen- 
sitive kid glove treatment, and 
Australian imports, who are on 
the fringe of the international 
party, will again stand oat and 
play key roles for their dubs. 


Keith Mackfin /X 

Despite all these talking 
points, the weekend headlines 
may be stolen initially from the 
professional game by the latest 
magnificent achievement of the 
British Amateur Rugby League 
Association. On Saturday, with 
a uniform 230 kick-off, 10 debs 
will launch the new national 
amateur league, featuring the 
cream of amateur dubs from 
Cmnbria, Lancashire and York- 
shire, with others champing at 
the bit for admission. 

There are two dobs from 
Cumbria, Egremoot and 
MiUom. The four Lancashire 
sides are Leigh Miners Welfare. 
PHkington Rees. St Patrick's 
and Wodstoo Rovers. From 
Yorkshire come Dudley Hill, 
Milford. Heworth and West 

Hull. Mostly these are top dubs 
in their divisions, bnt one or two 
have gained access to the new 
league because their grounds 
and fitments, social and rec- 
reational areas and all ground 
administrative achievements are 
marginally better than dubs 
with higher league platings. 
This is because the essence of 
the new national amatenr 
league, insisted upon by the 
British Amatenr Rugby League 
Association, is high standards of 
excellence. Those dobs who foil 
short of these standards daring 
the initial season conld be 
replaced in succeeding seasons. 

The opening fixtures this 
weekend are: Dudley Hill v St 
Patrick's: Egremont v Heworth; 
Leigh Miners Welfare v Mil- 
ford; MiUom vWoolston Rovers 
and. PHkington Rees v West 
HolL It. will be interesting to 
compare the attendances at 
these top amateur fixtures with 
gates at professional fixtures the 
following day in the second 
division and perhaps in the first. 

Space invaders who dupe the trout 

By Conrad Voss Bark 

Untutored farm trout eat 
almost anything. Cigarette 
stubs, chewing gum. margarine 
wrappers, milk bottle tops. A 
whole new business has grown 
up around their indiscriminate 
tastes on which a whole new 
generation of fly dressers spend 
creative talents. 

It must be most rewarding to 
create a wet fly for still water 
trout from milk bottles and get 
away with iu particularly if its 
photograph appears in the 
magazines, even more particu- 
larly if it catches fish, or "maybe 
less so. according to one's 
inclination, but things do not 
stop there. 

Feathers from women's 
toques, frothy bunches of mara- 
bou. ostrich fronds and spangles 
from the haberdashers are now- 

14, LLangtard (GB). 4921; 1ft A Beverley 

Lang (crap (OuaBflws lor final): 1, Y 
Belyavskaya (USSR), &as metres; 2 H 
DrecTistar (EG). 6 85: ft G Owlyakova 
(USSR). 633; 4. H Radtke (EG), 6.7ft 5. L 
Njnova (Bui), 6.74. 6. S CJirrsawa (Bui). 
G.72. Brtttah iwn-quaBftoR 17, M Berkeley 

S , 638. 

fotak 1 . H Kneger (EGV 21 10m: 2. 1 
MueHer (EG). 2031: ft N Aknnnwnko 
(USSR), 203ft 4. C LOBtfi {WGJ, 20.54, ft 
H Hanwtg i EGV 20 14: 6. N Abaskhrfze 
(USSR), 1939. British ptaefags 14. J 
bakes. 17.85: 17, M Augae. 1637. 


adays combined in splendid if 
outlandish profusion on books, ' 
ripped through glittering waters, 
to be taken, for whatever reason 
we do not- know, by bewildered 
and one suspects moronic 

Why trout bite at such things 
is not known. However, the late 
Richard Walker, who knew a 
good deal about trout and trout 
flies, developed the theory that 
they went for these elaborate 
lures because they disliked the 
look of them. The thought of the 
trout's peaceful reed-fringed wa- 

ters being invaded by a succes- 
sion of horrible looking 
creatures from outer space 
might be enough to make even 
the most tranquil of rainbows 
rise to the attack. He would be 
defending his environment. 

Whatever the reason, some of 
these confections, such as the 
Flashabou Pretty Dog, had to be 
included in the latest book on 
flies, the New Illustrated Dic- 
tionary qf Trout Flies (Alien and 
Unwin. £14.95) but the author. 
John Roberts, wisely gives them 
small space among the 900 
patterns listed, of which more 
than 400 are illustrated in foil 
colour. It is an admirable ref- 
erence work, beautifully re- 
searched. with glossary, 
bibliography and index, and is a 
valuable addition to the fly 
dressers's library. 


Today’s finals 

At trees BST 

X45: Women's dttcus 

5.15: Women's farti jump 

530: Women's *O0 metres 

ftSO: Men's shot 

630: Men's BOO mens 

630: Women's 800 meOM 

730: Women's 3.000 metres 

7.40: /Man's 400 metros featfes 

830: Men's dccaWo n ones (1,500 

mete as) 

Capture a Jaguar 

A classic Jaguar E-type sports 
car. valued at around £10,000. is 
on offer for the first yacht to 
cross the finishing fine in the 
Silk Cut multi-hulls challenge 
from Brighton to Tower Bridge 
on October 4 to 5. Fifteen yachts 
of varying sizes, many worth 
over £ I million each, are taking 
part in the inaugural race. 

FIRST DIVISION: Coventry 2 Arsenal 1: 
Luton 2. Seumampton 1: Queen s Park 
Rangere ft Watford ft- Wimbledon ft 
Aston Wa Z 

SECOND OIVtSKW: WJtwafl 0. HtA City 1. 
LimHWOOOS CUP; First round, first 
leg: Aldershot 1. Fufliam 3: Bfaoqjool 0. 
Preston 0: Bournemouth 0. Bnsrol Gtty 1: 
■Bury 2 Bolton I: CanSfl 5. Plymoutn 4: 
Cart sta v Grimsby, postponed; Cnester- 
hekl 0. Wrwmam 2 Colchester C. Pster- 
borou # r 0. Doncaster i. Ratttemam 1: 
Hantepoos 1. Mmoesorougn i: Hudders- 
fi«d 3. Halifax 1 : NOBS Cowrty ) . Port Vale 
3: Orient 2. Cantmdge 2 Rochdale i. 
Burrtey i: SoMhorpe 2. Dartmgton 0; 
Shrewsbury 0. Crewe 0: Southena 1 , 
Brentford 0: Stockport 2. Tranmere 1: 
Sonoeriatd 2. York Cny 4: SwrsSan ft 
Torquay 0; WaJwJI 1. Uansfisw 0. Wigan 
y BacKDum 3. Wotvsrhamptor 1. Lncofn 

lecasier 1. Lmerocoi 1. 

Luton 1 

andtfivrtKXfcOysHj Palace 3. Sngfiton f; 
Northampton 5. Cotanesfar ft Raiding i , 
Southampton 10. 

ULSTER CUP: Ouartar-fanfa: BaBymena 
3. Crusaders 0 (am): Cotarame 3. 
Gientoran 0: Lame 4. Rue i. . 

Wealdstone Z Z 

vision: Bfafana ft WatttanEtfow fr. Car- 
Shelton 1. Bromfcv 1. Hayes 2, 
F&rnboTwjgh 2; Hendon 2. S! Afaans 1; 
Huchin Z Bisnop s Stanford 0- 
Kmgswnun 1. Toonng ana Mitcham 0; 
Slough 5. Wofcingftam 2. Wycombe «. 
Winasor and Emn 1. F i rs t dta te on: Epsom 
and Eweil 1. Lewes 1: Fmctte? 3. 
Borenant Wood 1. Levrcnstcne/Bton 1. 
aUencay 0. Starnes 3. Msdenhead 1. AC 
Deice Crfa: Prebmn^ry round: Avsiey 2. 
Barton 2 (aet); Dorking 4. '.Voberton 3 

(set): RackwefT Heath 0. Chalfom St Peter 
ft Harngay 0. Kingsbury Z Hemei 
Hempstead ft Harlow t; Hertford 7. 
Chesnunt 1: Hungerfard 4. BerMiamsted 
2: Letcbwonh GC/TMotesey 1 ; Met Police 
0. citer&ey & Ramham 1. Stevenage 1 
fa«J. Saffron Walden 1. Horsham D (aerr. 
Ware 0. SouthaB 0 <aet): WhyMeefe ft 
Msrtow i: Wnenhoe ft Clapton i. Woking 
2. Bracknefl 0. 

8nghdngsea v Gcggesittg. postponed; 
Burnham 1. Bowers fr Carney Island fr 
East 'Thurrock 2: Halstead 1. Chelmsford 
0. Purlleet 2.Braniwooo 2: 
Sawtwdgeworth 1. Eton Manor 0; 
Sransted 0. Woodford fr Wtfham ft 
Maiden 0. 


Oxford United 8. 

Souter in charge 

John Souter leads a five- 
strong England team defending 
the quadrangular table tennis 
international in Dublin on 
September 12 to 13. Souter, 
aged 22. from London, wbo 
stands at No 5 in the English 
rankings, will be joined by 
Nicky Mason (BexhiU), Bradlev 
Billington (Chesterfield)' 
Mandy Sainsbury (Newbury) 
and Andrea Holt 
(Ramsbouom). The annual fix- 
ture involves the four home 
countries and marks the start of 
the 1 986-87 season. 


Davies out 
of start 
to the new 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

Huw Davies. England's fall- 
back since June last year, will 
miss the first two months of the 
new season, which includes the 
game at Twickenham on Octo- 
ber 1 1 between an England XV 
and Japan. Davies is due lo have 
an exploratory operation on his 
left shoulder and it is probable 
that a further operation wifi be 

Davies, aged 27. was forced to 
leave the field in the inter- 
nationals hist season against 
Scotland and France. Each time 
he fell on the shoulder in last 
ditch tackles at the corner flag. It 
is believed that small pieces of 
bone are floating around the 
joint and need to be removed. 

The last six of Davies's 21 
caps have been at fallback, after 
he began his international career 
at stand off half, subsequently 
being moved to centre. The 
experiment which began in New 
Zealand last year has proved a 
mixed success, but the game 
against Japan will give the 
selectors an opportunity to look 
once more at Rose (Harlequins) 
or Williams (Orrelli. 

Wasps. Davies's dub. should 
not be unduly worried. They 
have Stringer, an international, 
to rely upon and the prospect of 
introducing two more England 
players, Simms and Andrew to 

Elected captain 

their back division, but 
Andrew's plans must wait for 
confirmation after the player 
returns from Australia where he 
has spent the summer playing 
for Gordon, the Sydney dub. 

Bath, the John Player Special 
Cup holders, win begin the 
season without Trick, twice 
capped on the wing by England. 
Trick's job has taken him to 
London and he has told club 
colleagues he intends to take a 
rest from rugby and resume 
athletics, the sport at which he 
excelled as a schoolboy sprint 

Hill, who ended last season as 
England's scrum half when he 
replaced Melville against 
France, has been elected captain 
of Bath, an appointment which 
will have wider significance. His 
powers of leadership will cer- 
tainly be considered by the 

Testing encounter 

England selectors whose list of 
potential England captains is 
not long. 

Hill, now 25. won the first of 
his caps against South Africa in 
1984 bnt his next three have all 
been as a replacement for Mel- 
ville. The maturity be showed at 
Twickenham in April, playing 
against the Overseas Unions in 
the International Board cen- 
tenary match, and the 
responsibility he. must adopt as 
captain of one of England's, 
premier dubs, will make him a 
five candidate both as first 
choice national scrum half and 

Bath, who open their season 
with a testing little encounter 
against Pontypool next Wednes- 
day. are one of five English sides 
due to {flay the touring Fijian 
Barbarians, who have received 
the blessing of their own union 
to tour, even if their fixture list 
has not yet received official 
approval from the Rugby Foot- 
ball Union. 

The Fijians, who hope to 
include Australian and New 
Zealand internationals in their 
ranks, are due to play games in 
Argentina, Chile ana Paraguay 
before arriving in Britain where 
they open against Pontypool on 
October 29. The dosing stages 
of their tour, which will end at 
the inaugural French Masters 
championship in Toulouse in 
December, have yet to be 
finalised, but they have . 10 
confirmed fixtures. 

Proposed Fijian-Barbarians 
itinerary: October 29 v Ponry- 
pool; November I v Llanelli; 4 
v Leicester 9 v Lord Byron's 
XV; 1 2 v West Hartlepool; J6 v 
OrrelU 19 v Bath; 23 v 
Lansdowne; 26 v Ulster; 29 v 

to Wffsps 

Rob .Andrew, the England fly- 
halC is to join Wasps, the 
London dub. upon his return to 
Britain next month. Andrew, 
who has been playing club rugby 
in Sydney this summer, has 
abandoned his original plans to 
remain with Nottingham. 

The former Cambridge player 
is transferring from the same 
firm of chartered surveyors, for 
whom he has been woriung in 
Sydney, to their London head- 
quarter*. He said; “I had 
thought it would be possible to 
commute up to Nottingham and 
therefore remain with ihe dub. 
But I have realized that simply 
isn't practical. And so I am 
joining Wasps and looking for- 
ward to the experience." 

Andrew wifi team up with 
several former University col- 
leagues at Sudbury, including 
Huw Davies. Simon Smith, the 
dub's new vice-captain, Mark 

Bailey, and Tim O’Leary and 
John Ellison, both new recruits. 

Andrew says: “I know some 
people don't have a great opin- 
ion of London rugby but 1 
believe that has changed, as 
London proved in the di visional 
. championship last winter. 1 

didn't see it but 1 understand 
Wasps played some superb foot- j 
ball in the knock-out final at the 
end oflast season. And I am sure 
1 shall fit in well and be happy at 
the club.” 

Andrew had an outstanding 
start playing for the Gordon 
dub in Sydney. But in recent 
weeks the club has struggled for 
form and Andrew has not found 
playing conditions so 
straightforward. • 




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Today’s television and radio programmes and Elizabeth Larard 


BBC 1 

MO Max AM 
6-50 BraakfaatThnawttn Frank 
Bough and Debbie 
ggwjwpA Weather at 

7J5, 7.55. aj5 and 

*«^*™rand traffic fit 6.57, 
7-Z7.7.p and &27; 
rational and international 

news at 7.00, 7J0&00 
JJJfodMO-. sport at * 
7^0 and 8«!0: and a 
rovfew of the morning 
{jo^wpera at 827. Plus, 
Dr Richard Smith’s phone- 
in medical advice. Steve 
Bteckneirs Summertime 
Spedal at 9.04. 

92Q Lmnel and Hardy. Cartoon 
so nesJL25 Record 
Breaker* presented by 
Roy Castle, Fiona 
Kennedy and Julian 

• Farlnafr) 

MO N»«i*«Hind Special 

Dottyery presented by 
Philbp Schofield, on tour 

south coasMeaturtnga S 
vWt by Richard Branson, 
aboard the Virgin Atlantic 
Challenger 2, 

M5 The Adventures of 
. BuBwHiMe and Rocky. 
Parts. (r> 10.00 HartoeaL 
A-new approach to art 

with Tony Hart, Gabrielle 
Bradshaw aid Zippo and 
Company who today look 
at optical illusions, upside- 
down heads, a long nose 

and a chicken in search of 
its legs; plus an Eschar 
print (r) 10-25 The 
Adventures of BuflwWde 
and Rocky. Part 6 (r) 1020 
Play School 

1-05 Hews After Noon with 
Frances Coverdala and 
Moira Stuart includes 
news headlines with 
subtitles 120 Regional 
news, weather. T25 Mop 
and Smiff written and 
presented by Mike Amatt 

1^5 Snefax. 423 Regional 

420 Watt TO Your Father Gets 
Home. Harry is tempted to 
rip off his trousers for a 
large fee, but would it be a 
bad example to set son 
Jamie? 420 Hefcfi. Peter is 
so jealous of HeidTs 
friendship with Klara that 
he destroys Klara's 
wheelchair, (r) 5.10 Fame.' 
More dramas involving 
students and staff at a 
New York drama school 

8JOO News with Sue Lawley and 
Nicholas Michel. 


625 London Pius. 

720 Top of the Pops. John 
Peel and Janice Long 
present a Mve selection 
from the Top 40. 

720 EastEndere. The band 
holds a meeting about last 
night's gig and Kelvin has 
some ideas for its future; 
Michelle. Dot and Bhel 
give their opinions of Lofty 
and Wtaksy's decorating 
efforts. (Ceefax) 
Body ma tte ra . Dr Graeme 
Garden, Dr Alan Maryan 
Davis and Dr GflUan Rice 
examine how muscles - 
work, with the help of 
guest Geoff Capes, the 
world's strongest man, 
piusa2( Muofann, a 
rowing crew, - and ah 
audience of volunteers. 


820 Shawn end Em. The 
final episode of the - 
present series, (ri 
. aoo. News with Julia Somerville 
and John Humphrys. 
Regional news and 

920 The Bofshof Balet An 

exclusive Omnibus 
doc um entary for which thei 
Bolshoi Ballet has made 
available archive film 
never before seen outade 
Moscow, reconflng the 

company’s history and 

past successes. The 
contemporary Botahd Is 
seen both in rehearsal and 
performance in Giselle. 
Don Quixote, and In 
modern works, including 
The Golden Age, 

Spartacus ana Ivan tha 

11.40 XIV European Athletics 
ChwnptovmMp. Desmond 1 
Lynam Introduces 

highlights of the day's 

12.10 Weather. 


ms Good Morning Britain 
Patented by Anne 
and Adrian 

wown. with guest Shefla 
ggusson, singer from 

5tete 8raui> - 


sport ai MO and 7.40; 

at 625; cartoon 
at 7 25r. pop music at 725; 
Jenl Barnett's Postbag at 


Timmy Mailettwith his 

special guest animal 

expert Jim McKay, plus 
various furry friends. 


925 Thames News Headlines 
followed by Work! Chess 
Championship. A repeat 

of last night's report on the 
Kasparov - Karpov match 
from London's Park Lane 
Hotel -3. 40 Lost Kingdoms. 
A portrait of the Bate of 

Rai Bouba. Cameroon. (ri 
10.10 Once Upon a 
Time ... Man: the Age of 
Pericles. Animated history 
series, (r) 

1025 Street Hawk. 1125 

Wattoo Wattoo. Cartoon. 

1120 About Britain. Eric 

Wallace visits Dumfries, 
which 800 years ago was 
granted its own royal 
charter and which is 
celebrating Its 
octocentenary, with 
pageantry and poetry. 

1220 Flicks, (rf 12.10 Puddle 
Lanafr) 1220 The 
SuOtvans. Drama serial 
about an Australian family 
In the 1940s. 

1.00 News at One followed by 
1.20 Thames news . 

120 Riptide. The detective 
agency Investigates a 
drugs case in which they 
suspect some trained 
dolphins are implicated. . 
225 Home Cookery Club: 
Chicken Casanova (r) 220 
Three Little Words. Last in 
the series of game shows. 

320 Take the ffign Road. A 
drama series set in the 
highlands of Scotland. 

32S Thames news 
headlines 320 Sons and 

4.00 Ffteks. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
noon. 4.10 The Moomina. 
Cartoon series. 420 Do H 

445 Under tiie Same Sky, A 
lighthearted adventure 
Story set near an 
archaeological site where 
experts are digging up 
Etruscan remains, a.15 
Blockbusters. A general 
knowledge quiz show for 

545 News^otowed by 6.00 
Thames news 

625 Heipi Spedal. The last in 
the series about 
unemployment in which " 
viewers are invited to 
enter a competition to find 
the best ideas for starting 
up work co-operatives. 

645 Emmendaia Farm. . _ 

7.15 European Athletics 
Championships. Live 
coverage introduced by 
Jim Rosenthal. 

820 Murder By the Book. 

. Starring Peggy Ashcroft 
Ian Hoirn and Richard 
WUson. (See Choice) -• 

920 Workout In the final 
programme in the series 
which examines changes 
taking place in 
employment in Britain 
Professor Eugene 
Haimler, who nas evolved 
a special technique to help 
people explore their full 
potential, talks to five 
people from different 
backgrounds about how 
work, or redundancy, has 
affected them. 

1020 News at Ten followed by 
Thames news headlines. 

10.30 European Athletics 
Championships. Jim 
Rosenthal presents the 
highlights of the third day. 

11.00 The Writing of Spitting 
Image. A repeat of 
Sunday's documentary 
which shows the making 
of the satirical puppet 

1120 Hotel. Drama series set in 
an American hotel. 

1225 Night Thoughts. 

•The risk that's run. when 
bringing literary creator and 
creation together on mfddle- 
ground of someone e tee's 
making, is not only that both 
wfll be diminished in tha process, 
but that the unifier wifl be left . 
with egg on hts face and tha 
— 1 — Vs taa dangfinq from 



lao Holm oa !TV at 620pm 

his own talent All these ghastly 
fetes are avoided in TVS s 

8.30pm), in which writer- 
producer Nick Evans has 
ingeniously engineered a 
confrontation between Agatha 
Christie and her whita- 
spatted, twlriymoustached 
Belgian sleuth Hencuie Poirot 
The premise is that to e detective 
has got wind of Miss 
Christie's Idling Mm off in an 
unpublished yam. and H is his 
notorious egoeentricity that 
propels him into the writer's 

country house to challenge ! 
executioner. In view of Nick 
Evans's total success in 
reanimating Christie and 
Poirot (1 did not detects single 
word or action that was alien 
to them), and the singular 
success of Pe 

and lan Holm ^Impersonating 
them, I unreservedly approve 
of the we^wom device Evans 
resorts to in uniting famed 
writer and famed sleuth. A word 
Of praise, too, for John Box's 
elegant set designs and the Arm 
hand kept on both the 
suspense and the fun by the 
drector, Lawrence Gordon 

• Also recommended on TV 
tonightthe Equinox film Tha 
Spaceship (Channel 4. at 
8.00pm) with its ( to me) 

astonishing revelation that 
had the Russians not taken 10 
years to return a courtesy 
copy of Walt Disney's Snow 
WtvtB and the Seven Dwarfs, 
they might have got to the Moon 
ahead of the Americans. The 
reliability of this information is 
not however jbeyond 
question since it comes from a 

Disney television producer 
who wears a Stare and Stipes 
jumper, and sits in front of a 
wall that is covered with pictures 
of Donald Duck and Mickey 

• Radio choice: Haitink 
conducting the London 
Philharmonic in 

Shostakovich’s monumental 10th 
symphony and the Enigma 

variations at the Proms (Radio 3. 

720 and 820pm). 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 



' _ of Madness (2). 
920 -Ceefax 

445 XIV European Athletics 
championship. Desmond 

Lynam introduces 
coverage of the Women's 
Discus Final; Women's 
High Jump Final: Women’s 
400-metres Final Men's 
Shot Final; Men's 800- 
metres Final; Women's 
SOD-metres Final; 

Women's 3,000-metres 
Final; Men's 400-metres 
Hurdles Final. Plus heats 
of the Women’s low 
hurdles and semi-finals in 

the high hurdles 
Double J 

820 Double Jeopardy. A 

documentary, narrated by 
Tom Fleming, in which 
John Moe, an AngJo- 

Norwegian who acted as a 
double agent during the 
Second Worid War, 
returns to the scene of Ms 
wartime exploits. After the 
Germans had overrun 
Norway Moe, wanting to 
get to Britain, persuaded 
the Germans to recruit Mm 
as a spy. On arrival in 
Crovle, north east 
Scotland, Moe 
immediately gave himself 
up to the police and MI5 
. decided to train him as a 
double agent one of an 
Mite who contributed to 
the success of major 
campaigns, such as the 
Norm African and D-Day 

920 The Travel Show. The last 
in the series, presented by 
Paul Heiney. Kathy 
Rochford Is in Corsica with 
her resort report Jim 
Bacon has been having 
rather a lonely time at a 
naturist camp north of 
Bordeaux; the British 
holiday was In Newquay, 
Comwafl. where two 
Bradford couples 
experimented with 
camping for the first time; 

B us the regular news of 
te availability holidays, 
weather and traffic. 

920 Moonll^ibng. David and 
Maddie are offered a large 
fee by a successful' 
businessman to find hfrn 
the perfect wife, but they 
disagree over the issue 
and dedd8 to mount - 
separate searches. 
Starring Cybfll Shepherd 
and Bruce WHbs. 

1020 Malang Waves. Bob 
Langley reports from 
Sweden on the the Cutty 
Sark Tall Ships Race, after 
which he and Malcolm 
McKaag skipper one of 
tha 3,000 craft competing 
intheTjom RuniEurope s 
largest inshore sailing 
event; Sue King interviews 
Greta Jones, Britain's only 
woman fishery officer; 
plus coverage of the 1986 
International Power Boat 
Grand Prixfrom London's 
Royal Victoria Docks. 

1020 Newsnlght The latest 
national and international 
news including extended 
coverage of one of the 
main stories of the day. 
With Peter Snow. Donald 
MacCormlck and Olivia 

1145 Open University. Pack Up 
Your Troubles: the impact 
of the Pack Report 
published in 1977, on 
truancy and indiscipline in 
Scottish schools, (ri 



220 Film: Dark Vidor (193S) 
starring Bette Davis, 
Humphrey Bogart and 
Ronald Reagan. Emotional 
classic a bout a good-time 
society girt wholeams that 
she is suffering from a 
brain tumour and has only 
a year to live. Directed by 
Edmund GoaUing. 

425 The Fly. An Oscar-wi firing 
Hungarian film in which a 

fly, sensing the approach 

or autumn, takes refuge in 
a house, and we see me 
ah its 

4.30 European Athletics 
Championships. Jim 
Rosenthal introduces 
coverage of the Men's 
800-metres finals; the 
Men's Decathlon; 
Women's 400-metres; 
Women's 800-metres. 

Plus highlights from 
various heats throughout 
the day. 

7.00 Channel 4 News 
720 Comment. With his views 
on a subject of topical 
importance is Coun 
Gardner, a worker with 
Hackney Rada Weather. 
820 Equinox: A short history 
of the future: The 
Spaceship- (See Choice) 
920 Country People. Bifl 
Bingham is guide in a 
iramme about the old 
ish kingdom known as 
Mercia which now forms a 
large area within toe 
National Trust It includes 
a visit to Shugborough 
Park Farm, which breeds 
rare Staffordshire farm 
animals; to an 18th- 
century cotton mill at 
Quarry Bank, near 
Manchester; and to 

Medtock Vale, where the 
National Trust is using 
unorthodox methods to 
teach youngsters to care 
for the countryside. 

920 Three Sovereigns for 
Sarah. The final part of the 
drama based on the witch 
trials of Salem, starrkig 
Vanessa Redgrave. 

1020 The Force of the Future. 

Lord Denning chairs a 
— - -studio enquiry Into the 
state of the poBce force. 
Taking part are senior 
police officers,- taduding 
Sir Kenneth Newman. 
Commissioner of the 
Metropolitan PoSce. 

1120 Hotel of the Stars. 

Humorous documentary 
about Hollywood's Hotel 
Montedta. once used by 
stars, but now 
accommodating a variety 
of characters working as 
extras. Ends at 1220. 

; in action: The 

ip, C4, 820pm 

( Radio 4 ) 

Stereo on VHF 

525 Shipping 620 News Briefing: 
weather. 6.10 Farming 
B25 Prayer (s) 

620 Today ind 620, 720. 

820 News. 645 
Business News. 625, 725 
Weather. 720. 820 
News. 725, 8-25 Sport 745 
Thought lor the Day. 

843 A Night to Remember 
(Part 9) 827 Weather. 


920 News 

925 Safe in Our Hands? GNve 
Cookson attempts a 
prognosis for the NHS (r) 

920 The Natural History 

Progam me. Lionel 

and Fergus Keeling 
te problems 
by clay-pigeon 

1020 News: The Good Book. 

Brian Redhead continues 
his exploration of the Bible 

1020 A Bird of 

Hazy Recollection by 
Douglas Nicholte. Read by 
1045 An Act of worship (s) 

1120 News: Travel: An Ear For 
a Good Tune. A 
celebration of Eric Coates^ 
bom 100 years ago (r) (s) 
1148 Time for verse. From 
Belfast. With Paul 

1220 News: You and Yours. 

Consumer advice 
1227 Trivia Te« Match. 

General knowledge quiz 
with captains Tim Rica and 
WiBie Rushton (r) (s) 

1.00 The Wold at One: News 
140 The Archers. 125 


2.00 News; woman's Hours. 
Cindy Selby enjoys a 
Highland flmg 

320 ews; The Afternoon Play. 
What's Got into You? by 
Elaine Morgan. With 
Myfanwy Taiog and loan 
420 News 

425 A Good Read. A choice 
of paperbacks. With 
Brian Gear. Patrick Garland 
and Chantal Cuar 
42S Kaleidoscope. Last 
night's ecWon(r) 

520 PM. News magazine. 

520 Shipping 525 

620pm New ; Financial 

620 Brain of Britain 1988. 
Semi-final 4. Second . 

round (r)(s) 

7.00 News 
7.05 The Archers 
720 1886. Stanley Wffliamson 
discovers how provmaal 
papers reflected the hves of 
the people of Sheffield 
100 years ago 

7.40 One August In Milan by 
Murray Watte, with Roy 
Marsden as Augustine, the 
public Orator ofMrtan in 

640 Profile of Christian 

Miltau, French food cmic 
920 Does He Take Sugar? 

For disabled listeners 
and their families 
920 The Archive Auction with 
Anthony Smith 
945 Kaleidoscope- Indudes 
comment on the film 
i lander, and Aida in 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

Academic Year (4). Read 

% Michael Deacon 
j Worid Tonight 
11.15 The Financial Worid 


1120 Hot Air. _ Anthony Smith 
takes weatherman lan 
McCasklfi for a tnp m a 

12.00 News: Weather. 1223 

VHF (available in England and 
S Wales only) as above except 
525-620am Weather: Travel. 
9.05-10.00 Cat's Whiskers (s) 125- 
2.00pm Listening Comer. 520- 
525 PM (continued). 1120- 
12.10am Open University: 1120 
Hindu Testimony. 1120 Buddhist 

( Radio3 

All progr amm e s an VHF/FM and 
medium wave 
625 Open University. The 
language of 
Shakespeare's theatre 
625 Weather. 720 News 
725 Concert Mozart (Church 
Sonata in C. K 328. and 
Duo in G. K 423: Kramer and 
Kashkashian). Debussy's 
En Wane et noin Stephen 
Bishop-Kovacevich and 
Martha ArgeridLpanos). 
Betfoz (Fantasy on The 
Tempest). 820 News 
825 Concert (eontd): Glinka 
(Spanish Overture No 2; 
Summer Night in Madrid), 
Kabalevsky (CeBo 
Concerto No 1: Yo Yo 

Schumann (Symphony No 4). 
920 News-. 

925 This Week's Composers: 
Edward German and Eric 

Coates. German (Three 
Dances, from Henry 
Viii. and the Wsten 
Rhapsody), and Coates s 
Reuben Ranzo: Bird songs 
at Eventide, and I heard 
you singing: Brian Raynera 
Cook, ban-tone. Also 
Symphonic Rhapsody No 2. 

1020 Schubert piano music: 
lan Lake nays Adag»«i 
.Emaior.D 612: Three 
Moments mustoaux.O _ 
780: KJavierstuck No 2. D 
946. and German 
Dances. D 783 

1025 Six Continents: foreign 

1025 British Youth Orchestras: 
Woking Chamber 

Orchestra (under Robert 
Ault), with Emil 


(flute). Stravinsky (Suite No 
1L Ibert (Flute Concerto). 

Ives (Unanswered Question), 
and Symphony No 3 
1120 Pied Piper David 

Munrow and the Enigma 
variations (eontd). 

12.10 Am s terd a m 

Concertgebouw (under 
Kondrasnki). with Tiber de 
Machula (cello). Scnabm 
(Symphony No 3). 120 News 
125 Concert (eontd): 

Hindemith (CeHo 
Concerto), and Gershwin (An 
American m Paris) 

120 Clememl Grand Piano: 

Alan Cuckston on an 
instrument dated 1827 plays 
dementi's Sonata in G 
minor. Op 50 No 3. and 
works by Samuel Wesley 
and John Field (ind Fantasia 
m A. Op 3) 

240 Suppe's Requiem: BBC 
Concert OrchBStra/Royel 
Choral Soaety/sokxsts 
Wendy Eathome. 

Penelope Walker. Ramon 
Remedies, David 
Thomas. Conductor Tausky 
420 Rebecca Clarke; Piano 
Trio. 1921 (Orstein. 
Kreger.Eskin). Two Pieces 
for viola and ceHo. 

Prelude. AHegoro end 
Pastorale for dannet and 
viola, and Passacadta on old 
English tune for viola and 
piano (Haydock. McCarty. 
Babcock and Eskin). 425 

520 Mainly for Pleasure: with 
Jeremy Siepmann 
620 Bandstand: Symphonic 
Band of the Queen's 
Conservatory. Brussels. 
August deBoeck( 

Danomian Rhapsody). 
Segers (Essay). 

Waignein (Altemances) 

720 Imogen Holst FaB of the 
leaf, for ceHo: and String 

Quintet. 1982. Endeflion 

Quartet, with Steven 

Isserits (ceHo) 

720 Proms 86: London 
Philharmonic (under 
Bernard Haitink). Part one. 
Elgar (Variations on an 
original theme - the Enigma) 

BUBO Nawadnk 6J0 Nature Notebook 

640 Famng Worid 720 News 729 

TWeniy-Four Moure 720 New Waves on 

Shortwm 748 Network UK 920 Nam 

829 naflocuns 8.15 Country Style UO 

John Peel 920 Nows 929 Rwnw ot 
British Press 9.16 Worid Today 920 

Firaneta Nam 940 Look Ahead 946 

Plano Rod 1020 News 1021 Counterpoint 

1120 News 1129 Nam About Britain 

11.16 New Idem 1126 A Letter From 

England 1120 State of the Nation 1220 

Radio Newsreel 12.15 Top Twenty 1245 

Sports Roundup 120 News 129 Twenty- 

Fbw Hours 120 Network UK 145 A Land 
of Song 229 Outlook 246 A Decade of 
Hits 320 Redo Newsreel 3.15 The 

Pleasure's Yours 420 Nam 429 Com- 

mentary 4.15 Stan of the Nation 545 
Sports Roundup 745 Here's Humph! 820 

News 929 Twenty-Four Hours 920 
Business Matters 920 Nam 921 Book 

Choice 925 In the Meantime 9.15 A JoOy 

Good Show 1020 News 1029 World 

Today 1025 A Latter From England 1020 

Financial News 1040 Reflections 1045 

Sporis Roundup 1120 News 1129 Com- 

mentary 11.15 Merchant Navy Pro- 
1120 Nstm Notebook 1140 

_ Wo rid 1220 Nam 1229 Nam 

About Britain 12.15 Radio Newsreel 1220 

Music Now 120 Nam 121 Outlook 120 A 

Land ol Song 145 Book Choice 120 In 

the Meantime 220 News 229 Review ot 

British Press 2.15 Every Day A Holy Day 

220 Uni Piano Music 320 News 329 

Naws About Britain 115 Worid Today 445 

Reflections 420 Financial Nam 620 

-News 529 TwemwFour Hours 546 Wortd 

Today. Al times m GMT. 

TOQU^JE&R^IrlOSSkHz^mil QS9kHz[275rn^ Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m:VHM0- 

LBGm52kHz/261 m: VHF 97 A' CapitoL- 154SkHz/194m: VHF95.8; BBC Ratfio London 
1458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; Wortd Service: MF 648kHz/463m. J 

8-00 Waterslain: poems 
written, and read, by 
Kevin Crossby-Holfand 

(L20 Proms (continued): 

Shostakovich (Symphony 
No TO) 

&20 Barnes' People Ilf: Lionel 
Jeffries, Anton Lesser 
and Robert Stephens in 
Peter Barnes's The 
Three Visions 

945 Cecfle Ousset piano ' - 
recrtaL Debussy . . , .. 

(Preludes. Book 2) 

1(125 Strauss: BBC Welsh SO 
(under jacek Kasprzyk) 
play the Oboe Concerto, with 
Gordon Hunt as sokxst 
10.5k Dvorak Alberni Sfnntj 
Quartet: Terzetto in C 
major. Op 74 for two wotins 
and vicrfa. and Plano 
Quintet in A.. Op 81 1 1-57 
News. 1220 Closedown. 

( Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. Stereo on 
VHF News on the hour (7.00pm 
VHF ontyl Sports Desks 
1.05pm, 2.02, 3.02, 4.02. 5.02, 6XO, 
6.45 (ml only). 9.55. Cncket 
Scoreboard 7.30pm. Tennis: US 
Open, at 11.02pm, 1 2.05am. 

4.00am Colin Berry 5.30 Ray 
il Dempster 9 

Hunmf ora 3.30 David Hamilton 
5.05 John Dunn (ind European 
Athletics Championships from 
Stuttgart. 600m final) 7.00 Country 
CJubADO Rhythm and Blues. 

Paul Jones on the birth of ritythm 
and blues. 9.55 Sports Desk 
10.00 Huddwmks starring Roy 
Hudd IQ-30 Star Sound 
Cinema. Movie magazine (Nick 
Jackson) 11.00 Brian Matthew 
1.00am Bill Rennete 3.00-4.00 a 
L ittle Night Music. 


Radio 1 


On medium wave. Stereo on 
VHF (sea below) 

News on the half-hour from 
6.30am until 620pm then at 1020 
and 1220 midnight 
5J0am Adrian ^Jhn 7.00 Mike 
Smith s Breakfast Show S20 
Simon Bates 11.00 Radio 1 
Roadshow with Mike Read in 
Bournemouth 1SL30pm 
Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 1245 
Gary Davies 3.00 Dave Lee 
Travis 5.30 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 545 Bruno Brookes 
7 J0 Janice Long 920 Radio Radio 
<4) Paul Gambaccmi 10.00* 

12.00 Andy Kershaw. VHF Stereo 
Radios 1 & 2:- 420am As Radio 
2. 10.00pm As Radio 1. 1220- 
4.00am As Radio 2. 


625-79 Gardening Together. 12.10- 

12.15m News. SOOTCAND IZISpm- 

12J0 Decades. 626-7.0 Reporting 

446 Hflkfl. 445-&3S Fame. 525-540 

lw » &xxt 540*9 inside tartar. 

F72 Ulster in Focus. 11-55-122 

News and Weather. ENGLAND 625* 

72pm national New&Magazinca. 


1020 Jack Hobom 1925 Cartoons 

1120-1120 Captain Scarlet 120 Naws 

1 JO Home Cookery iJ5-2J0Rlp- 
tlde 3J0-4J0 Country GP 5.15-545 Star 
doice AOO Chennai Report 6.15 
Cartoon 620-645 Crossroads 1120 Out 
ot Schools 11 Jfl That's Holywood 
1220 Untouchables 120 am Closedown. 
TSW A 8 London except 625 am 

-Lall Sesame SnwtlDJS Human 
Face of the Perific 1020 Cartoon 
545 Ghre us e Ckto 6.00 Today 
South West 6.15-7.15 Falcon Crest 

RL32-11JK Spttttog Image 11 JO 
Athletics 1220 Season Jazz 1220 am 

Postscript Closedown. 


Thmg 130 Once Upon a Time ._ Man 
926Terzan lOJO.Snort Story 11.15- 
11 20 WofU's CtetaBn 1 JO pm 
News 1..S 2J30 Man in a Suitcase &.1S- 

545 Judi Goes on HoUday 620 North 

Toni (jilt 620 Crossroads 645-7.15 In 


CAT Starts 190pm Oancki' Days 
. sZS±220 Guto Goch a Mahmn 220 
When Comedy was King’ 320 
Gadumem 425 StraoonyBytJ 420 Athlet- 
ics 7-dfi Newyddion Saftft 720 
Trenkm Own Oefeid 620 Hywsl Morgen 
B45HB Street Blues 140 tWo 
S overeigns lor Sarah 1040 Film: Land 
and Sons 1240 em Oosedown. 
CENTRAL As London except 

926 HB Dsradng OoUs 
of Monte Carlo 950 flobostory 10.15 
Moon Aatiper 10 l 35 Survival of the Fkten 
1120-11 20 CaWbmla Mghways 
1220 pm Contact 120 News <30220 
The Baron 5.15-545 Give us a Clue 
620 Croaaroade B2S446 News 1120 

Samtrw Dmris, Jr 1220 am Jobflnder. 

120 Oosedown. 


920 Nature otThkiu 120 pm News 
126 Lookaround 120 The Boron 220- 

320 look Who's TaUdrig 6u00 North- 
ern Lila 62M45 Crossroads 1120 Lest 
Resort 12JK Reassurance. 


TVC As London except 926 am 
Sesame SoeettiJO Jack Hot- 

bom 1025 Cartoon 11 20-1 1 20 Cap- 

tain Scarlet 120 pm News 120 
Employment Acnon Line 1J5-Z30 
Riptide 320-420 Country GP 5.15-545 
Star Chores 620 Ooast to Ooeat 
620-645 Crossroads 1220 Untouch- 

ables 120 am Company. Ctosedown. 


cepb 926 am Sesame 
vi Oe 

Street 1025 FUx the Cet 1040 Mlai 
1125-1120 Smafl Wonder 120 pm News 
120 Country Practice 225-220 
Homs Cookery 620 News 920-645 
Crossroads 1 020-1120 At Home 
1120 Athletic* 1220 Freezo Frame 1220 

HTV wales yjjp ryg-- 

1025 Sesajne Street 820 pro-620 

Wales at Six 1020-11.00 Welah ' 

of the Year 

GRANADA M London ex- 
yreWMifft cepe 925 ■wteane- 

ds Reports 920 Albert Carter QOSO 

925 Abow Britain 1«20 Granada Re- 

ports 1025 Crown Green Bowk 
11 25-1W Grenada Reports 1220 pm - 
120 Northern Echoes 120 Graneda 

Reports 12e-220 Crown Green Bowta 

820-420 Weir's Way 620 Grwwda 

Reports 020-6.45 Crossroads 1120 

Mite Hammer ^Z23 am Closedown. 

BORDER a* Lonrtm escape 

925 am Sesame Street 

1025 Fefa the Cat 1025 Firobal XL5 

1120 Once Upon a Tima _. Man H2S- 

11 20 Max the Mouse 120 pm News 
420 Horses tor Courses 620 
Lookamund 620-645 Crossroads 1120 
Mysteries of Edgar Wallace* 1220 

am Closedown. 


and the Wheeled Wamors 920 CaH- 
fomia Highways 10.15 Ghmroe 1045 
Freaze Frame 1125-1120 Friends ot 
my RwndB 1Z20pm-120 Umchtims 
Live 120 News 120 Recoaoctions 
220-2J0 Parlour Game 620 Calender 
620-6.45 Crossroads 1120 Chorus 
Lmo 1220 Talas from the Darksklo 1220 

am-620 Musk Bax. 


1025 Little House on tha Prame 
1120-1120 Cartoon 120 pm Lunchtime 
120-220 Simon 6 Simon 320-420 
Ray R Barton - Master Class 620 Sum- 
mer Edition 6.10 Po»ce Six 620-645 
Crossroads 1120 About Britain - taster 
Way 11J5S News. Closedown. 

SCOTTISH a* L 0 "** 1 «■ 

---■ ■ ■ captgJSamPoseL 

don Files 1026 UawSwdh 1120. 

1120 1 Csrtam Scarlet 120 pm Newt 

120-220 Scarcrow and Mrs Kino 
320420 Me 6 My Gw 5.1S-54S Periour 

Game 620 News and Scotiand To- 
day 620 Crossroads 645-7.15 Takettto 
' ‘ Road 11 20 Late M 1126 

» 1225 am Positively Unem- 


1020 Wheels 1120-1120 Onoe 
Upon s Tima Man 120 pm News 120- 

220 Hotel 5.15-545 OlfTrant Strokes 

520 About Anglia 620-7.15 Crossroads 

1120 Mmder 1220 am East Oomes 

West. Closedown. 




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THEATRE OP C 08 M T preMe 


By Ji PrlesUey 
Dtrrcird oy Ronald Eyre 


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First published in 1785 

Thompson trails 


to the resurgent 
star of Germany 

Prom Pat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent, Stuttgart 

Daley Thompson had the 
best possible start in defence 
of his European champion- 
ship. one of four international 
titles he holds, when he broke 
his own world best perfor- 
mance for the 100 metres in 
the decathlon with 10.26 

But despite another per- 
sonal best by one centimetre 
in the shot his jumping let him 
down and after four events 
Thompson was 54 points be* 
hind his perennial rival, 
Jurgen Hingsen. of West Ger- 
many. who was one point up 
on Thompson's world record 

Thompson had said that he 
wanted to begin by running 
faster than the previous 
decathlon 100 metres best of 
10.37. which he had done in- 
retaining his Commonwealth 
title last month. The two- 
metre-plus following wind (up 
to four metres a second is 
permitted in the decathlon for 
legal times! and sunny con- 

ditions helped Thompson to 
the exceptional time, which 
would have made him second- 
best qualifier behind Linford 
Christie in the open 100 
metres heat of the previous 

Thompson scored 1.032 
points with Torsten Voss, of 
East Germany, on 968: Guido 
Kretschmer, of West Ger- 
many. on 947: Petri Keskitalo. 
of Finland, the world junior 
champion, enjoying an ex- 
cellent start on 935: Siggi 
Wentz, the other West Ger- 
man, on 899: and Hingsen on 

Kretschmer, a hulking vet- 
eran. eliminated himself by 
pulling a hamstring on his 
third long jump. Thompson 
was below par. probably 
through running too fast into 
the board, being almost 30cm 
below his best with 7.72 
metres, and Hingsen and Voss 
pulled back points. 

Thompson's margin over 
the resurgent Hingsen. who 
was considered only the No 3 

West German this year, was 
still over 100 points. But 
despite the double Olympic 
champion improving his shot 
put best to 1 5.73 metres in the 
third event, the former world 
record holder got back to 
within 58 points of the Briton 
with 16.46 metres. 

That deficit was translated 
into a 54-point lead for 
Hingsen when Thompson 
failed to do better than two 
metres in the high jump, 
below par again, while to the 
natural delight of the 20.000 
crowd, many of them school- 
children. Thompson marched 
off in disgust before Wentz, 
and then Hingsen. went on to 
clear successive 3cm in- 
crements up to 2.12 metres. 

Hingsen had 3,718 points, 
Voss had even sneaked into 
second with 3,662 and 
Thompson was on 3.660. the 
first time he had been led on 
the first day of a decathlon 
since the Olympic Games in 
Montreal 10 years ago. 

Full set of medals now looks 

possible for British trio 

From David Miller, Stuttgart 

The scene is set for a 
sprinters finish in the 800 
metres final this evening with 
the possibility that Britain 
could take the first three 
places. Droppers, of the 
Netherlands, fifth in 1982, and 
Braun, of West Germany, are 
the danger, but the three 
strongest finishers are Cram, 
Coe and McKean. 

Yesterday's semi-finals 
were relatively cagey affairs 
with the effort in both con- 
signed to the last 250 metres, 
and the probability is that the 
final will not be the fast race 
which Coe has been predict- 
ing. Cram, surging to the front 
over the last 50 metres in the 
first semi-final, is of the 
opinion that there is no one 
now in the field to make the 
early pace. Unlike the Olym- 
pic Games in 1984, in which 
each round became progres- 
sively faster, yesterday's races 
were much the same pace as 
Tuesday's heats. Although 
McKean, second behind 
Droppers and just ahead of 
Coe in the second, has an 
exciting kick, the expectation 
must be that today's long- 
awaited confrontation in a 
championship between Cram 
and Coe will be a test of their 
relative speeds over 200. For it 
not to be is now up to Cram. 

Coe concedes that Cram's 
remarkable strength might be 
a problem in a race run hard 
from the gun. but over both 
400 and 200 Coe is the faster, 
by at least a second, in their 
respective all-time perfor- 
mances and possibly also on 
current form. Nobody older 
than 26 has ever won a two-lap 
race and it is exceptional that 
Coe should be at the reckoning 

a week or two off 30. Since his 
bout of flu daring the 
Commonwealth Games, be 
has recovered bis previous 
level of fitness and has been 
doing some 200 repetitions in 
training of under 23 seconds, 
and the slowest around 22.5. 
This means that if Cram is not 
to get out-kicked, he will be 
obliged to make it hard at least 
from the belL the way he did 
when he beat Scott. Aouita 
and Ovett in the 1983 world 
championship 1.500. catching 
them off guard. 

Coe, who feels he is in the 

passed by Collard of France 
and Cram, who strode dear for 
the line as Collard faded to 
fourth. Cram, as in Edinburgh, 
when he ran his world's best 
time of the year in miserable 
conditions, was looking as 
strong as ever with no sign of 
the muscle problems that have 
bothered him since the 
Commonwealth Games. He 
was accelerating at the finish 
for the mere satisfaction of it 

Ipf Christie 
wins a 
gold for 

Grin and bear it: Jtirgen Hingsen chasing hard in the 100 metres event of the decathlon at 
yesterday's European athletics championships in Stuttgart. After three events Hingsen was 
lying second, 54 points behind Daley Thompson, Britain's Olympic champion. 

Ovett told to ‘keep clear’ 

From Pat Butcher, Stuttgart 

Results, page 30 

best shape for an 800 since the 
Eoropa Cup semi-finals of 
1981. ran the first lap at the 
back of the field, and did not 
start to make up ground until 
going down the second 
backstraight, with Droppers 
leading from Assmann of 
West Germany. Going into the 
final bend Coe made way to let 
McKean come out from the 
inside and pass Assmann and 
Kalinkiu of Russia and into 
the homestraight, it was 
Dropper, McKean and Coe. 
Coe was still accelerating but 
then eased off into almost a 
trot as Droppers won in 

Coe, likewise, is looking in the 
same flowing form, free of all 
pressures, as he did in that 
remarkable sequence in Los 
Angeles. All being well, to- 
night we are promised an 
exceptional race, though I 
doubt if it will get anywhere 
near Coe's world record. 

McKeen said afterwards 
how grateful he had been for 
Coe's gesture in helping him to 
get ont of trouble. Coe had 
quipped that it was because be 
liked him. There will be no 
such love this evening during 
the race, which will help 
determine whether or not Coe 
keeps running next year, in all 
probability in the 5,000. 

Hemel signing 

Cram had also trotted round 
at the back for some while, as 
is his custom, and only closed 
in on the leaders coming 
through to the belL at which he 
was fourth. Braun and 
Starodnbzew of Russia were 
making the pace, and coming 
off the last bend they were 

Hemel/Watford Royals, the first 
division basketball club, who 
may lose their England inter- 
national Tony Balagun to a rival 
club because of a contractual 
dispute, have signed Sieve Hale, 
a 611 Jin guard, formerly with 
the University of North Caro- 
lina. Hemel have beaten newly- 
promoted Derby for the 
signature of Hale, who was one 
of the top guards in the United 

Never ask athletes how they 
feel. You are likely to get a list 
of ailments longer than the 
collated index of The Lancet .. 
But this seeming hypocondria 
is one of the insurances 
against a bad performance. 

In can only be the reason 
why, when Steve Ovett after 
finally deciding to come here, 
leading us to believe that his 
cold was better, reported yes- 
terday that his doctor had told 
him that he still has a virus 
and that he should keep dear 
of other athletes. 

This could prove a difficulty 
in the heat of the 5,000 metres 
tonighL But in the unlikely 
event of the organisers giving 
the "old soldier" a third heat 
all to himself to run a qualify- 
ing time, he will have to rely 
on. as he also said: "Getting 
through the heat and by 
Sunday (the final), I should be 

Stefano Mei could also 
prove a difficulty for every- 
body else in the 5,000 metres 
after his marvellous defeat of 
compatriot Alberto Cova in 
the 10.000 metres event 
There is great rivalry between 
the two men. and Mei relishes 
his playboy image, pointing 
out that he would find life 
boring if he dedicated it to 

running as much as Cova 

But it will come as much as 
a surprise to dub distance' 
runners everywhere, as it was 
to his elite opponents here, to 
bear how short Mei kept his 
training runs as final prepara- 
tion for his victory. "The 
longest run I have had in the 
last two months was 20 
kilometres, and that was ten 

days ago. My normal runs are 
only about 50 minutes per 

only about 50 minutes per 

There is also a parallel 
lesson for British manage* 
menu seeing their three run- 
ners down die field while the 
Italian trio swept the board, 
Salvatore Antibo taking the 
bronze behind Mei and Cova. 

As long ago as 1974, the 
Italian Federation dedded to 
protect medal winning poten- 
tial by ensuring that their top 
distance runners did not leave 
their best performances in 
road raring, which looked as if 
it was about to enjoy a 
spectacular ascendency. 

Road racing has, indeed 
become a huge temptation. 
But the Italian remedy was as 
admirable as their prognosis. 
Aware that athletics was al- 
ready professional in all but 
name, they dedded to indem* 

Zola Budd's prospects for 
tonight's 3,000 metres final 
look far brighter than they did 
after her poor form of the last 
month. But her greatest dan- 
ger is still the practical naivety 
which she displayed in radng 
after Olympic champion, 
Maririca Puica during the last 
laps of her heat, when the 
leaden had got suffidently in 
front to take it easy and still 



Gorman is Exhausted Richards hacked 


what to do 

takes rest 

in petition move 

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output is only around m'i tonnes annually. . JmSSf 

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irjJejhk: commodity ‘ I / 

Sow- Johnson Mauhcy platinum W ' '» 1/ 

Kim 3a- available to the pm ale tri H* i\ I*. { 

investor. lY course, like any oiher ^ — \ I 

investment- the value ol IL^ J*****" \l 

platinum can tall as well .is v * M 

nw. partial l.i rk in the 'hurt term . lo -'.A ' A 

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nearly quadrupled during the \ j£r \ 

past decade and over a similar V ^ ^ -vWv \ 

period it has eas3y outperformed V »v 

inflation, too. V "^1— \ 

Johnson .Mjithey platinum hars arc V. \ X 

produced in eight sizes up in llk« troy. 
each one Kane mJivuhulh numbered. 

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at out vaults in Jersey or Zurich, in which case 
YA f is pavable on the value ol’the bars. 

Should you wish to kD your ban we guarantee to 
repurchase them at any time, for lull iniomuiKm or. 

Johnson Manhey platinum bars, and jn application kern, rimph 
complete and said the Lvupvm by fri-cpost. 

From Richard Evans 
New York 

Tom Gorman, the United 
States Davis Cup captain, has 
been ordered not to select 
John McEnroe for the semi- 
final lie against Australia 
which will be played on grass 
in Brisbane during the first 
l week of October. 

The man preventing 
Gorman from choosing his 
own team is Randy Gregson. 
president of the United States 
Tennis Association (USTA). a 
seemingly debonair New Or- 
leans businessman who has 
been ruthless in stamping his 
own ideas of patriotism on 
American tennis since taking 
over the presidency last year. 
Gregson has stated publicly 
that McEnroe's past behav- 
iour makes him 
‘•unacceptable” as a member 
of the Davis Cup squad and 
that all the candidates inter- 
viewed for the captaincy, who 
included Sun Smith, Marty 
R lessen and Brian Gottfried, 
were aware that McEnroe 
would not be allowed to play. 

**! knew of Grcgson's views 
on McEnroe but I was never 
told I would not be allowed to 

By Richard Streeton 

By Marcus Williams 

David Gower, the Leicester- 
shire and former England 
captain, is to lake a break from 
cricket until the end of the 
season in preparation for the 
forthcoming tour of Australia. 
He made the decision last 
Friday before going on to 
score 131 in the final Test 
match against New Zealand at 
the OvaL 

Gower, who has the cou- 
nty's backing, said he was 
mentally and physically ex- 
hausted' after months of con- 
certed pressure, which began 
with the death .of his mother 
shortly before last winter's 5-0 
defeat in the West indies. 

A petition calling for the 
resignation of Somerset's gen- 
eral committee and the re- 
engagement of Viv Richards 
and Joel Garner as p layers, 
was being signed by comity 
members yesterday at the 
Tannton ground during 
Somerset's game fifth Essex. 

The petition calls for a special 
genera] meeting of the dub to 
be held at which a resolution 
expressing no couffdeiice in 
the present committee would 
be put. 

21 days of the petition being 
handed in. Mrs Langdon. who 
is chairman of the parish 
council at Odcombe, a village 
near Yeovil, sakh “We want a 
general meeting to have the 
chance of discussing this 
disturbing matter. We do not 
believe the whole troth has yet 
come out." 

By tea-time, Bridget 
Langdon, a Somerset life 
member and the petition's 
instigator, had collected 115 
names to be discussed within 

(an Botham, amid rumours 
that he woald leave the dob in 
support of his two friends, last 
night was m eet in g Brian 
Langford, the rhairman of 
Somerset's cricket committee, 
to discuss his future with the 
county and a statement will be 
issued today. 




pick the team 1 wanted." 
Gorman told me. “Obviously 


J m . 1 '— r ... i in .. . 

Platinum refiners for over 150 t ears. 

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i>r 24 hnur aa-uvnni: sen i.a ii' j». ! l ■'121 

l want John to play, especially 
as the lie is to be played on 
grass. Bui if 1 am not able to 
hate him there must be a 
reason that makes sense." 

McEnroe, who was beaten 
b> Paul Annacone in the first 
round of the US Open, told 
me: "1 thought it would be 
nice to play but I don’t want to 
get Tom fired so we'll just let it 
rest for a while until 1 decide 
vvjiji I am going to do about 
m\ tennis. Right now I am 
definitely lacking 


US Open, page 29 

Jock Wallace, dismissed 
earlier this year as the Glas- 
gow Rangers manager, re- 
ceived a £100.000 pay-off 
when he left the club. The 
figure was revealed yesterday 
in the club’s annual report, 
which shows that Rangers 
made an overall loss of 
£ 1 08.000 last year after paying 
out almost £ 1 30.000 in 
compensation to their dis- 
missed back-room staff. 

Big push 

Greg LeMood. of the 
United States, the recent win- 
ner of the Tour de France, will 
compete in the five-day 
Nissan international cycle 
race in Ireland from October 1 
to 5. He has signed up for the 
Panasonic squad, which in- 
cludes Robert Millar, of Scot- 
land. and Eric Vanderaerden. 
of Belgium. 

Close shave 

New signing LeMond: teaming op 

Castlcford nigby league club 
have signed Chris Johns, one 
of Australia’s top centres. 
Johns, aged 21 plays for Si 
George, the Sydney side, and 
will join Colin Scott, the 
Brisbane full-back when he 
arrives at Wheldon Road next 

Ruled Out 

Bryan Robson, the injury- 
prone England and Manches- 
ter United captain, is still not 
ready to return to first-team 
action, his manager, Ron 
Atkinson, said yesterday. 

Wally Joyner, a baseball 
player for the California An- 
gels. escaped injury in his 
side's game against the New 
York Yankees on Tuesday 
night, when he was hit in the 
arm by a knife thrown from 
the upper deck of the Yankee 
Stadium. The knife: about a 
foot long, was thrown as the 
.Angels came off the field in the 
ninth innings of their 2-0 

dealing after an indeterminate 
semi-final photo-finish before 
both McFarlane and Antoine 
Richard of France and both 
being included in the final, 
making nine men in the line- 
up, another first for these 

Christie had looked the best 
bet for victory in both heals 
and semi-finals, and after an 
average start in which he was 

nify their dozen top distance 
men against money they could 
have won in road races in the 
mouths leading up to 
championships. That 10 year 
insurance policy paid off 
handsomely two nights ago. 

And Frank Dick, national 
director of British coaching 
intends to put a similar plan in 
operation. “Too many of oar 
younger distance runners are 
being tempted into road run- 
ning and missing out their 
track apprenticeship. We have 
even got to ask ourselves if 
winning junior 5,000 metres 
championships, as we often do 
is the best preparation. I hope 
to get our top dozen men 
together this winter and ask 
them Just what they need, 
financially as well to make a 
similar system work in 

die Soviet Union and the 
other Frenchman, Bruno Ma- 
rie-Rose, Christie forged 
ahead after SO metres. 

If the promise of the 400 
metres heats realizes as much 
as the 1 00 metres prelimi- 
naries, then British athletes 
could be looking forward to 
their best medal haul in these 
championships since Athens 
in 1 969, when six gold medals, 
four silver and seven bronze 
were taken borne. For the 
British trio of Roger Black. 
Phil Brown and Derek Red- 
mond all won their heats. 

That is not sufficient indica- 
tion that they can do the same 
in today's semi-finals, and 
even less so in tomorrow's 
final but both Black and 
Redmond at least looked 
mightily impressive with their 
victorious passages. 

Black employed the blazing 
start which eventually won 
him the Commonwealth title 
in Edinburgh last month. 
Running from lane two, he 
was abreast of his opponents 
by the halfway mark, and had 
sufficient leeway on the crown 
of the bend to be able to cruise 
down the straight looking 
around him and still record 
45.40 seconds, one-tenth of a 
second quicker than it took 
David Jenkins to win this title 
in 1971. 

Brown also employed his 
customary start, which is. to 
be kind, a little less violent 
than Black's tactics. He was 
fourth, at best, by the halfway 
mark, and only edged through, 
dipping deliberately to steal 
victory on the line with his 
opponents easing up. His lime 
was 46.00 seconds. 

Redmond only needed a 
few more metres than it took 
Black to be able to stride easily 
down the straight with his 
opponents, including West 
Goman Ralf Lubke, Europe's 
fastest man this year, in his 
wake. Redmond clocked 45.75 
seconds, and the final heat was 
won by one of the other 
favourites, Thomas Scbdnlebe 
of East Germany in 45.54. 


is calm 

From Barry Pkkthall 
Newport, Rhode Island 

Hany Mftchei, the sole 
British entrant preparing for 
the start of the BOC single- 
handed round the world race 
on Saturday, is spending al- 
most as much time shunning 

publicity as he is in putting the 
finishing touches to his boat. 

At 62, the retired garage 
owner from Portsmouth is 
oldest among the 25 compet- 
itors and is full of awe for the 
great names moored around 
him and cannot understand 
why he should be attracting 
such attention. 

When a fellow journalist 
went to interview him on his 
boat before setting out across 
the Atlantic from England, 
Mitchel avoided the interview 

by claiming that he was his 
brother and sent the hapless 
scribe on a wild goose chase 
around Portsmouth. When 
finally rumbled, he had al- 
ready set off for Newport. 
"What do you want to inter- 
view me for. I've done nothing 
to deserve it," he pleaded 

In fact, his list of “non 
achievements" includes a sin- 
gle-handed race to the Azores 
and back, and two single- 
handed transatlantic races. 
Yesterday he was meeting 
friends made during those 
events that he had not seen for 
10 years, such as Jerry Cart- 
wright. the Atlantic class win- 

His greatest joy so far this 
week, however, has been to 
meet Robin Knox-Johnston, 
the BOC race chairman and 
first man to sail around the 
world alone non-stop. 

More yachting, page 29 

A peek 

From Pat Botcher, Stuttgart 

Linford Christie capped a 
marvellous year which began 
with his emergence as a world- 
class sprinter when he won the 
European 200 metres indoor 
title in Madrid by taking the 
European 100 metres in the 
14th Championships last 

night. Christie clocked 

1 0. 1 6seconds with Allan Wells 
fifth in 10-25 and Mike 
McFarlane sixth in 10-29. 

It was the first time that 
there has ever been three 
British sprinters in a European 
sprint final, but it had in- 
volved them wheeling and 


beaded by Viktor Bryzgio of 
the Soviet Union and the 

Daley Thompson and I bare 
something in common, though 
be might be reluctant to admit 
it Both his mother and my 
father bdieved there was no 
future for ns in sport. Maybe 
some would say my lather was 
right. The fact that Daley is, 
intermittently, a bit of an ass 
does not detract from our 
respect for an athlete of 
astonishing versatility, who is 
on his way, we hope, towards 
yet another landmark, despite 
yesterday's uncertainties: 
successive European Gold 
medals to go with his Olympic 
double and Commonwealth 

He Is a competitor of 
remarkable intensity, able to 
sustain concentration not jnst 
over the two days of his event 
but daring years of lonely 
training, which makes him a 
champion among champions. 
A new book (*) gives an insight 
of his unusual qualities and 
also hts relationship with the 
media, revealing that he mis- 
understands them more than 
they do him. 

Considering that when be 
began the decathlon he could 
throw the shot barely 33 feet 
and pole vault just over eight 
feet, his rise has been phenom- 
enal. Yet from the start he had 
profound self-confidence. 

When be achieved the qualify- 
ing standard for Montreal by a 
few points, and came eigh- 
teenth behind Jenner, he 
thought there was nothing he 
had seen 

Not much going 
for him but speed 

that he could not beat "1 
draught I'd be in the top six by 
1980. and that by 1984 1 could 

The narrative — short, 
punchy sentences not unlike a 
military psychology manual 
and aimed at convincing the 
reader rather in the flamboy- 
ant way Daley floors his 
opponents — gives a feeling of 
bis uninhibited exuberance, 
the characteristic which 
makes him popular. Daley had 
all the disadvantages of a child 
of a mixed marriage, and not 
much going for him other than 
the gift of natural speed, yet 
there is one sentence which 
should be the creed for all 
those who too easily accept 
that life has dealt them a had 
hand: "I believe we have a 
strong hold over our lives," he 
says. "And we have to make 
the ultimate decisions. 

Opportunities are limitless." 
Like the famous middle-dis- 
tance runners whose prestige 
he admits he envies, he is 
champion as much through 
hard work as talent. 

When be ran the 1500 in 
Los Angeles with a new world 
record so transparently within 
reach and failed by a stride in 
a time well outside bis best I 
was convinced it was delib- 
erate and frit annoyed. In a 
persuasive way be explains his 
reason. "It woald have been too 
easy to let it be the pinnacle. I 
needed something ahead to 
aim at That's what I was 

“I don’t like to 
talk to the press.’ 

thi nkin g as I ran: 'Two down 
and one to go'. I couldn't let 
LA be the end. What rise 
would I do? Work for a Bring? 
You’re kidding!" 

Seoul, where he win be the 
same age as Coe is at these 
championships, now attempt- 
ing the 800, is the target for a 
final farewell world record. 

Daley explains, in a way which 
every performer who becomes 
involuntarily the property of 
the public will appreciate, is 
resentment of intrusion; why 
he rejects the presumptuous 
Wogan show as well as some 
press interview. "You might 
think me strange, but I don't 
enjoy people staring at me 
except for those two days when 
I'm. doing my thing, when I'm 
on my stage." 

That is a legitimate emo- 
tion. Yet he is foolishly off- 
beam in saying that "the press 
think they are responsible for 
a celebrity's fame", that the 
press cannot know the troth 
"if I don't talk to them", or 
that "they are lazy and don't 
bother to understand my 

If the event is complicated!, 
then he has a doty to help 
explain it. In feet of course, ft 
is not complicated, it is just 
boring to all but a minority of 
enthusiasts. Who eiyoys peo- 
ple throwing the javelin no 
farther than I did 30 years ago, 
without a day’s coaching? 
What fascinates the public is 
Daley's sense of fun together 
with his endurance. It is him 
they enjoy more than what he 

* Daley, The Last Ten Years 
(with Neil Wilson) Collins. 

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