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No 62,549 

Britain close 
to scrapping 
its airbus role 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 
Britain is on the brink of without refuelline. Their fu- lie 

pulling out of the £2.5 billion 
European Airbus project be- 
cause the Government is not 
prepared to pay the full British 
share of development costs, it 
was disclosed last night. 

British Aerospace has said it 
will only participate in the 
'project if the Government 
provides £700 million to 
cover the full design and 
development bill for the wings 
of the next two versions of the 
aircraft, the A330 and A 340. 

But ministers have told the 
company that they are not 
prepared to put up more than 
half that figure, even if the 
Cabinet gives the final go- 
ahead at the end of next 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry has serious 
doubts about the commercial 
prospects of the aircraft, 
which is seen as a competitor 
for future versions of Boeing’s 
successful 747. 

The project is run by Aiibus 
Industrie, the four-nation con- 
sortium including West Ger- 
many, France and Spain, with 
an assembly plant in Toulouse 
in southern France. 

The Cabinet will be advised 
that a £100 million injection 
of extra funds for the Euro- 
pean Space Agency in Paris 
will pay a far better long-term 
dividend than putting 
£700 million into building a 
better jumbo jet 
. The A33Q is a short to 
medium range plane and the 
A340 would cany 260 pas- 
sengers up to 6.500 miles 


without refuelling. Their fu- 
ture will be discussed by 
aviation ministers from the 
member countries at the 
Farnborough Air Show next 

McDonnell Douglas, the 
American aircraft corpora- 
tion. has held talks with 
Airbus Industrie about joining 
the project With its DC10 no 
longer a serious rival to the 
special performance 747, it 
has drawn up plans for a new 
airliner, the MDI I. 

The Government supports 
American involvement argu- 
ing that separate development 
of the MDI 1 would jeopardize 
further the chances of Airbus 
success. But the French are 
opposed and the Germans 

Ministers are faced with a 
decision with far-reaching im- 
plications for jobs and the 
future of capital-intensive 
high technology industries in 
Britain and Europe. 

Ministers apparently be- 

8 y V. 

Still in 
the Ring 

Bernard Levin on 
how Sir Georg Solti 
and Sir Peter Hall 
ran rings round 

• The £4,000 prize in 
The Times Portfolio 
Gold competition was 
shared yesterday by 
two readers — Mrs 
Kay Dunn, of Coventry, 
and Mr Paul Tinney, 

of Caterham, Surrey. 
Details, page 3. 

• There is another 
£4,000 to be won today. 

• Portfolio list, page 
21; rules and how to 
play, information 
service, page 16. 

Bolivia siege 

The Bolivian Government de- 
clared a slate of siege and sent 
tanks to block a march on La 
Paz by 5,000 miners protest- 
ing against President 
Estenssoro's austerity policies. 

Alliance push 

Mr David Steel and Dr David 
Owen will next week begin the 
task of selling the Alliance 
policy of initiating a separate 
European nuclear force, when 
they meet political leaders in 
France Page 2 

Nuclear fear 

British experts at a conference 
in Vienna on the Chernobyl 
disaster consider British plans 
to cope with nuclear accidents 
are not as efficient as the 
Soviet Union's Page 6 

killer was 
two gases 

By Thomson Prentice 

Science Correspondent 

The victims of the Cam- 
eroon volcanic gas eruption 
probably were killed and in- 
jured by a mixture of hydro- 
, gen sulphide and carbon 
dioxide, scientists investigat- 
ingthe disaster said yesterday. 

Traces of hydrogen sul- 
phide, a colourless gas with 
the odour of bad eggs, have 
been found near the volcanic 
Lake Nyos, the Cameroon 
Interior Minister. Mr Jean- 
Marcel Menguerae. said. 

A United Nations spokes - 1 
man in Geneva said that some i 
5,000 people needed aid, but ! 
that the risk of another gas 
escape had apparently passed. 

Official figures put the num- 
ber of dead at 1,534, with 
almost 500 ill from burns or j 
respiratory problems caused 
by fumes from the lake. 

Evidence of hydrogen sul- 
phide was found by a French 
expert, supporting survivors’ 
descriptions of the gas smell 
and burning effects. Most 
experts believe that carbon 
dioxide alone was the killer. 

Some bodies were yesterday- 
flown to the capital. Yaounde, 
for autopsies. 

The clues may help sci- 
entists to understand the cause 
of the eruption from the lake 
and to calculate whether some 
20 more volcanic lakes in the 
region pose disaster risks. Two 
years ago, 36 people were 
killed by a gas cloud from a 
lake in the mountain chain. 

The international response 
continues. A British aircraft 
laden with £200, 000-worth of 
supplies will leave Gatwick 
today, and two French Army- 
planes left yesterday with 
tents, blankets and firemen. 

The flights were funded by 
the EEC and France. Cam- 
eroon has received cash from 
the EEC. and from Britain. 
Canada. The Netherlands, 
Gabon and Japan. 

Death mist, page 5 
Science Report page 14 

US Fills 
due to join 
Nato trials 

By Rodney' Cowtou 

Defence Correspondent 

The 18 American Fill air- 
craft that flew into Britain on 
Wednesday evening are to 
take part in a Nato exercise 
with about 150 ships and 
35,000 servicemen. 

Exercise Northern Wed- 
ding, which starts next 
Wednesday, will take place 
across the North Sea and in 
the seas around Norway, and 
is to last until September 19. 

The arrival of the aircraft at 
Boscombe Down, Wiltshire, 
fuelled speculation that they 
might be intended to take part 
in a strike against Libya, but 
everything points to their 
arrival being genuinely for 
exercise purposes. 

A Royal Air Force source 
said yesterday that local news- 
papers bad been notified a 
week ago of the F Ills’ sched- 
uled arrival. A similar deploy- 
ment occurred every two years 
at about this time. 

An official Royal Navy 
briefing on the exercise dis- 
closed that Fills would 
make about 100 sorties out of 
a total of more than 1.000 air 
sorties to be flown. Most of the 
Fill sorties would be by the 
aircraft from the United 
States, with only a few being 
flown by F Ills permanently- 
based in the United Kingdom. 
The object was to give the air 
crews of the American-based 
F Ills experience of operating 
in European conditions. 

Admiral Sir Nicholas Hunt. 
Nato Commander-in-Chief 
Channel said yesterday that 
Northern Wedding was “one 
of the most extensive mari- 
time exercises in recent 

More than 30 merchant 
ships will simulate a wartime 
shipping convoy sailing be- 
tween Britain and Norway, 

The warships will include 
an American carrier battle 
group centred on the 90.000 
ton aircraft carrier. USS Nim- 
itz, and a United Kingdom 
anti-submarine group. 



lieve that space research is a 
far better long-term commer- 
cial bet and they are worried 
that Britain now lags behind 
even such countries as India. 

The European Space 
Agency wants to put a free- 
flying laboratory into space to 
work alongside the inter- 
national space station planned 
by the United States for the 

The case for the project has 
been strengthened by experi- 
ments in microgravity carried 
out during US shuttle mis- 
sions. which suggest that in 
conditions of weightlessness 
semiconductors and proteins 
can be produced to standards 
of purity unattainable on 

The Government loaned 
British Aerospace £250 mil- 
lion in launch aid to make the 
wings for the last airbus, the 
A32Q, a 150-seater plane that 
goes into service in 1988. The 
first repayment of £50 million 
will be made by 1990 to 1992. 

The 150-seater A320 airbus, which goes into service in 1988. 
Doubts dood the future of the bigger A330 and A340 models 


to Grand 

By Tmdi McIntosh 

The Prime Minister; Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher, was the 
surprise guest yesterday at the 
official reopening of the 
Grand Hotel. Brighton, 22 
months after the bomb attack 
by the IRA which nearly 
claimed her life. 

She arrived with Mr Nor- 
man Tebbit, chairman of the 
Conservative Party, who was 
trapped for hours in rubble 
after the explosion, and whose 
wife, Margaret, was paralysed 
by injuries she suffered in the 

Five people died and 31 
were injured when the bomb 
blew out the front of the hotel 
on October 12, 1984. 

Crowds lining the sea front 
cheered as Mrs Thatcher and 
MrTebbit arrived at the hotel 
which has been restored to its 
Victorian splendour at a cost 
of £1 1 million. It was the first 
visit either bad made to the 
hotel since the blast 

Mrs Thatcher said during 
the opening ceremony in the 
foyer "1 think you understand 
why Norman Tebbit and 1 felt 
we wanted to be here. 

Recalling how he was res- 
cued from the rubble, Mr. 
Tebbit said: "The last time I 
was here 1 remember it took 
three-and-a-half hours before 
room service came." 

In her speech Mrs Thatcher 
said: "You know that we miss 
many dear friends and we 
have special reasons to think 
about those who were injured. 
We came, not only because of 
the past or because of our 
special association, we came 
because we care very much 
about the future of the Grand 
Hotel and that it prospers in 
the future." 

She praised the "courage, 
great kindness, and tremen- 
dous spirit" shown by the 
hotel staff and management 
who had helped everyone 
through the ordeaL 

"We know full well that the 
spirit of the staff seen that 
evening and following day will 
carry you through in the 

Mrs Thatcher said that she 
was very proud to present the 
hotel with its Union Jack "so 
it will fly again with special 
pride, showing that happen 
what may, the British spirit 
will once again triumph". 

There is no longer any 
Room 629, where the bomb 
was placed. 

- r, C-Vc#- 

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■ . .** ‘ 

Mrs Thatcher, with Mr Norman Tebbit, outside the Grand 
Hotel Brighton, yesterday (Photograph: Chris Harris). 

Labour loses poll 
lead over Tories 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter . 

A period of silence on the 
part of MPs, scattered across 
the globe on their summer 
holidays, has borne ftuit for 
the Government, according to 
the latest opinion poll 
The Conservatives have 
wiped out Labour’s narrow 
one-point lead and are now on 
level terms, while the Alliance 
trail in third place. 

It is the first time this year 
the Tories have not been 
behind in the national pop- 
ularity stakes and will give the 

Inquest to look at 
Soweto violence 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

The South African Govern- would be held in public, and 
ment announced in Pretoria that lawyers would be able to 
last night that an official examine witnesses, including 
inquest would be held into the police witnesses. He said the 
violence in Soweto on Tues- holding of the inquest would 
day night, which is now "not be delayed”, 
officially admitted to have Appealing to the press not 
killed 21 people and injured to hold a “trial by newspaper" , 
98. Mr Nd said the whole affair 

Earlier, in Cape Town, a was now sub judice. (The sub 
request by the official oppo- judice argument has often 
silion in the white chamber of been used in the past to justify 
parliament for an urgent de- refusing permission fora par- 
bate on a motion calling for liamentary debate on conuo- 
the appointment of a judicial versial issues), 
commission of inquiry was The Government’s Bureau 
- — for Information gave no 

Mr Louis Le Grange, the explanation for the sharp in- 
Minister of Law and Order, crease yesterday in the official 
gave an undertaking to the estimates of the dead and 
Pretoria Supreme Court that injured in the dashes, 
no further police assaults Twenty of the 21 deaths, the 
would be made on Father Bureau said, were caused by 
S manga! iso Mkhatshwa, a "security force action under- 
Roman Catholic priest Page 5 taken to protect life and 

■■■ — — ■ — i property" and one was "the 

turned down by the Speaker, result of violence between 
Mr Johann Greeffi without blacks" - a reference to the 
explanation. hacking to death by a mob of a 

Meanwhile, in Johannes- Soweto councillor, Mr Sydney 
burg, leaders of the United MkhwanazL 
Democratic Front (UDF) and Of- the 98 wounded, only, 
the Soweto Civic Association five were policemen, of whom | 
(SCA) claimed that as many as four were injured by a grenade j 
30 people were shot dead by 
police on Tuesday night, and a 
further 200 injured, in “a cold- 
blooded massacre of our 

Mr Louis Nel. the Deputy 
Minister of Information, said 
in Pretoria that the inquest 

and one was hit by a gun shot, 
the Bureau said. The situation 
bad "stabilised" and only 
"minor incidents" of stone- 
throwing were now being re- 
ported from Soweto. 

In Johannesburg, a multi- 
Contimied on page 16, col 1 

Iran massing 650,000 troops for ‘final attack 9 

From Robert Fisk, Bahrain 

Neutrality or closer relations 
with the West is the choice 
feeing Malta at the next 
general election. A Special 
Report looks at the island 
after 15 years of Labour 
rule Pages 22-25 

Home News 23 
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Art* . . 15 

jjjjtfas, deaths, 

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DosKss 17-21 ; 
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Iran has now amassed up to 
650.000 men. a quarter of a 
million of them regular 
troops, along the southern 
sector of its front line with 
Iraq in preparation for what 
the Iranians have announced 
will be their "final" offensive 
of the Gulf War. 

Tehran radio . is claiming 
virtually every day that the 
war. which has dragged on for 
almost six years, will be over 
by the start of the Persian New 
Year next spring, and Gulf 
states fear that the Iranians 
will now put all their efforts 
into a last, costly assault to 
break the Iraqi army around 
the southern city of Basra. 

US officials have conceded 
that the Iranians are preparing 
a major offensive against the 

Iraqis and, while the Iranians 
have referred to earlier attacks 
as “final”. Gulf states now 
believe that growing economic 
difficulties as well as military 
priorities will force the Ira- 
nians into an all-out attempt 
to break through the Iraqi 
army around Basra, to encircle 
the ciiy and turn north to- 
wards the holy city of Kerbala. 

Mr Ali ’Hashemi Raf- 
sanjani. the Speaker of the 
Tehran Parliament, has told 
Iranians that “the best, most 
appropriate and effective time 
for going to the fronts is now. 
when the fate of the war must 
be sealed forever." 

The Iraqi .Army h3S warned 
Iran that such an offensive 
would m°et with “mass 
annihilation", but similar 

President Saddam: Tehran 
demands his overthrow. 

threats against the Iranian 
forces which captured Fao in 
February were not fulfilled. 

Arab states and western 
governments have been debat- 
ing the likely date of Lhe 
Iranian attack, and most agree 

that it could fall on the sixth 
anniversary of President Sad- 
dam Hussein’s invasion of 
Iran on September 20. or even 
before that date. 

So serious do the Americans 
regard the possibility of an 
imminent offensive that ear- 
lier this month they departed 
from their self-declared neu- 
trality to claim, in the words of 
a State Department spokes- 
man. that the conflict was the 
fault of “the intransigence of 
Iran’s leaders" because Iran 
had "chosen to ignore the 
many international calls for a 
resolution of the war". 

Iranian leaders have re- 
sponded to US calls for a 
cessation of hostilities by 
repeating Ayatollah Kho- 
meini's demand that the war 

would end only when Presi- 
dent Saddam was overthrown. 

It may be that the Iranians j 
themselves have yet to deride I 
on the timing, but reports that j 
Iraqi Army morale is low and j 
that Iraqi troops are "in 
despair" have given consid- 
erable encouragement to the 
leadership in -Tehran. 

Diplomats in Baghdad be- 
lieve that the Iraqis have 
mobilized a million men: but 
this covers the whole front of 
733 miles, and in the south 
Iranian forces would still out- 
number the Iraqis by 2-1. 

The Iranians are still calling 
up village baseej volunteers. 
And never before have they 
stated so firmly, or so fre- 
quently, that they would end 
the war within months. 

Doubts over Saddam, page 12 

f 54m Coe foils \ 
boost Cram 
for the to take 
polys the gold 

party a much-needed boost as 
ministers start to return to 
their desks. 

A poll carried out by MORI 
for The London Standard 
gives Labour: 37 per ceni rhe 
Conservatives 37 percent and 
the Alliance 24 per cent 

Labour’s support has held 
steady on the previous month, 
while the Tories have gamed a 
point and the Alliance drop- ; 
ped back one. j 

Continued on page 16, col 6 

fined over 

Lester Piggott was fined 
£1.000 yesterday after he 
admitted that he kept a loaded 
revolver at his home. 

The Newmarket 

magistrates’ court was told 
that the gun, an Enfield loaded 
with six cartidges, was one of 
three found by customs and 
excise men in a locked cabinet 
at the home of the forma- top 
jockey in Hamilton Road, 

There was also a Colt 
automatic pistol and an an- 
tique handgun. 

Mr Gareth Davies, for the 
prosecution, said the police 
asked Piggott why he had the 
hand guns. He told them: "I 
don't know. 1 suppose I have 
always have an idle interest" 

He told the police that he 
had been given the weapons 
by a retired police officer: 

Piggott aged 50, who did 
not appear in court pleaded 
guilty through his solicitor to 
possessing two firearms with- 
out a certificate and possess- 
ing ammunition without a 

The antique revolver seized 
at the same time is not 
covered by the firearms law 
and has been given back. 

Piggott was fined £750 for 
possessing the handguns and 
£250 for having ammunition. 
The court ordered that the two 
revolvers and ammunition be 

By Log' Hodges 

Education Correspondent . 

The Government yesterday 
announced a financial boost! 
of £54 million for the poly- 
technics and colleges, thereby 
giving them- almost what -they 
needed to keep pace with 
inflation next year and to 
prevent student numbers bo- 
ing cul 

Although it looked initially 
yesterday as though the Gov- 
ernment was being extremely , 
generous to the polytechnics 
in providing more than don- 1 
bie the £23 million asked for, 1 
this turned out, on further 
analysis, not to be the case. It 
appears that an extra £18 
million of new money has 
been allocated, plus another 
£15 million of ear-marked 

However, . Mr Kenneth 
Baker, Secretary of State for j 
Education and Science, went 
out of his way to praise the 
polytechnics for being so cost- 
effective. Of the £54 million ! 
total announced by the Gov- 
ernment, £15 million is ear- 
marked to be spent in three 
areas: on science and technol- 
ogy courses; applied research 
of value to industry; and | 
increasing student numbers 1 
on the Pickup Retraining 

Announcing the money, Mr ; 
Baker gave the polys a consid- 
erable moral booster. "This is 
a generous proposal", he said. 
"I am sure that it is a good 
investment I have been im- 
pressed by the recent record of 
the local authority sector ” 

Student numbers in polys 
have increased by more than 
45 per cent since 1979 and 
unit costs have been reduced 
by 18 per cent at the' same 
time. "I am glad to acknowl- 
edge this achievement" Mr 
Baker said 

In local authority higher 
education as a whole, actual 
enrolments over the same 
period have increased by just 
under 100,000, of which 
60,000 are fufl-timeand sand- 
wich course students. 

The Government said die 
extra £$4 million was an 8 per 
cent idcrease In funding for 
1986-87. Spending would rise 
from this year's level of £661 
million .to £71$ million: 

Mr Baker also gave the 
voluntary colleges an un- 
expected present in the shape 
of £46 million extra next year, 
an increase of 6 ner cent over 
tins year, though the precise 
amount will be announced in 

Mr Christopher BaH war- 
den of Keble College. Oxford, 
and chairman of the board of 
the* National Advisory Body, 
which advises the Govern- 
ment on poly spending, said: 
"I think the £18 million of 
new money is enough to 
enable all students who are 
qualified and willing to go to 
polytechnic and college next 
year.” . 

.. . By John Goodbody 
Sports News Correspondent 

Sebastian Coe beat his Brit- 
ish rival Steve Cram, the 
Commonwealth gold medal 
winner,- to win his first major 
800 metres title in the 14th 
European Athletics 

Championships in Stuttgart 

Coe, the world record 
holder for the last seven years, 
out-sprinted both Tom 
McKean, of Scotland, who 
was second and Cram, the 
bronze medalist. It was the 
-first time in the 52 years of the 
European Championships 
that Britons have collected all 
three medals in any race. - 

Coe, who had been beaten 
in two previous European and 
two Olympic 800 metres 
finals, will now meet Cram, 
the world. Commonwealth 
and defending Euro pean 
champion, in the 1,500 metres 
at which Coe has twice won 
the Olympic title. The final is 
on Sunday. 

The winner said afterwards: 
"I have waited a long time for 
this gold medaL It is mine. I 
have been battling for eight 
years, so it is very special " 

Coe, whose world record is 
I min 4I.73sec, had missed 
last month’s Commonwealth 
Games -because of a throat 
infection. He said: “I have had 
problems this year; it has been 
an up and down season. But I 
got my mind and the physical 
work together and I put my 
ability to reach my peak for 
major events down to good 
coaches. I have confidence in 
my ability." 

Coe recorded lmin 
44.50sec, ahead of McKean, 
who set a Scottish; record with 
lmin 44.61 sec, with Cram 
docking lmin 44.88sec 

Coe, who . will befpn work 
next month as part-time vice 
chairman of the Sports Coun- 
cil had predicted that the 
three medals would be won by 
Britons but notin which order 
they would finish. 

Fatima Whitbread, the 
Olympic bronze medal win- 
ner, set a world record in 
r qualifying for today's 
women's javdiu final 
- Miss Whitbread threw 
77.74 mores, 2.04 metres 
further than the previous 
mark of Petra Felice, , of East 
Germany, who will be her 
chief rival today. 

Reports, pages 30^32 

BP profits hit 
£1.2bn record 

* BP, which has increased 
petrol prices by 5p a gallon 
and said that further rises may 
follow, has reported record 
half-year profits, up from £859 
million to £1,2 billion. * 
Although the fell in world 
oil prices hit profits from oil 
production, profits from refin- 
ing and marketing more than 
trebled Details, page 17 




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lance out to 
sell separate 
nuclear force 
idea to Europe 

- Mr David Steel 
‘ David Owen next week begin 

the task of selling the fragile 
*7 Alliance policy of a European 
•* ' nuclear force to stand between 
the super powers. 

Mr Steel and Dr Owen win 
-"hold talks with President 

- Mitterrand and other French 
‘ leaders in Paris as well as 

spending a day with Nato 

- officials in 'Brussels, where 
; they will meet General Ber- 
■"nard Rogers, Supreme Allied 

* /Commander, Europe, 

: ' '■ The visit is the beginning of 
' a series of meetings with 
European leaders of Nato 
countries where all aspects of 
European defence — nuclear 
-and conventional — will be 

'■ The lour was arranged after 

* a recommendation by a joint 
‘■ SDP-Liberai Commission last 

June that a stronger “Euro- 
pean pillar” should be formed 
within Nato. 

J Mr Steel and Dr Owen are 
anxious to sound out Britain's 
■^partners in Europe, particu- 
/'lariy the French on this occa- 
■^Sion, about ways in which the 
; European defence community 
-><?ould be strengthened, be- 
come a little more indepen- 
; dent in its decisioo making, 
^.and have a stronger voice in 
£•-' Washington. 

They will also want to look 
-'- St nuclear questions and dis- 
^ .cover to what extent the 
European nations may sup- 
.,pon a stronger European 

By John Winder 

and Dr nuclear force; what form 

should take and, the most 
delicate question of all, how it 
could be organized 

The visit is also part of die 
leaders' search for a defence 
policy which is not only 
acceptable to both sides of the 
Alliance but also credible to 
Nato as a British defence 

Mr Steel leaves on Monday 
with Mr Alan Berth, his 
deputy, for a meeting of the 
Liberal International in Brus- 
sels. They will be joined on 
Tuesday afternoon by Dr 
Owen and Mr John Cart- 
wright, the SDP defence 
spokesman. All four will have 
discussions with General Rog- 
ers and Nato officials at Shape 
headquarters on Wednesday. 

The two leaders alone will 
travel oq to Paris where, on 

Thursday, they will first meet 
M Raimond the French min- 
ister for foreign affairs, and 
lunch with M Giraud, the 
defence minister. In the after- 
noon they will have talks with 
President Mitterrand and in 
the evening with M Jacques 
Chirac, the Prime Minister. 

Mr Steel is currently enter- 
taining Dr Owen at his borne 
at Ettrick Bridge in the Scot- 
tish borders. Although they 
are likely to discuss next 
week's visit, they are expected 
to spend more time fishing 
and theatre-going in Edin- 
burgh, than talking politics. 

Savage awaits panel’s 
rule on return to job 

By Craig Seton and JQl Sherman 

; Mrs Wendy Savage, the 
.consultant obstetrician 
cleared of allegations of pro- 
fessional incompetence at the 
-London Hospital, yesterday 
/remained determined to go 
-back to her job there, m spite 
of statements from her consul- 
tant colleagues that they did 
. not want her back. 

Mrs Savage said: “I do wish 
to return to Tower Hamlets 
-and the London Hospital. I 
. trained there and I like work- 
ing there. 

“I have the support of 
general practitioners and, I 
think, the women of Tower 
Hamlets, who have expressed 
quite clearly that they like the 
kind of care I provided. I 
would be really letting them 
down if I did not go back.” 

Mr Bryan Raymond, Mrs 
Savage's solicitor, said that 
Mrs Savage had every inten- 
tion of returning to the hos- 
pital once the panel of inquiry 
into working relationships at 
the department had reported. 

Mrs Savage is said to be 
surprised by reports of hostil- 
ity from at least two consul- 
tants to her proposed return to 
work in two weeks’ time. 

She thought to have re- 
frained from commenting fur- 
ther because she felt it right to 
await the peacemaking efforts 
of Dame Alison Munro. chair- 

man of the Chichester Health 
Authority, who is to seek a 
solution to the dispute in the 
hospital's obstetrics depart- 
ment that led to Mrs Savage's 
suspension 16 months ago. 

Mrs Savage is understood 
neither to have looked for a 
position elsewhere, nor to 
have been offered one. Dame 
Alison said yesterday: “I think 
it is a great pity that people are 
talking about this publicly. We 
all want a way out of this, and 
they should be talking to us 
instead. At the $nd of the day 
we art really only concerned 
about the mother and her 

She dismissed , suggestions 
that Mrs Savage could work in 
a separate department, saying: 
“I don't support the isolation 
of doctors, and two separate 
units with back-up facilities 
would be very expensive to 

Dame Alison said that she 
would be talking again with all 
parties, but emphasized that 
the panel would not be 
discussing the merits of Mrs 
Savage’s approach. 

The panel had accepted 
without question the recom- 
mendation that Mrs Savage 
should be reinstated. Dame 
Alison said. 

The panel bolds its first 
meeting today. 

differ on 

By Richard Ford 

Unionist leaders are under 
pressure to tooshen their 
paign against the Anglo-Irish 
agreement as divisions appear 
over their policy of adjoarning 
(^m«i meetings. 

The first break in the strat- 
egy adopted by the 18 Union- 
ist-controlled councils brought 
bitter recriminations. 

Councillors in North Down 
voted to resume normal busi- 
ness, saying that the protest 
“had run its course”, and 
elsewhere In Ulster the boy- 
cott campaign has been 

In Castlereagh, the Belfast 
suburb which is the political 
base of Mr Peter Robinson, 
deputy leader of the Demo- 
cratic Unionist Party, statu- 
tory powers have been 
transferred to two committees 

In Belfast the Unionist 
majority has conducted some 
business although most of it 
has been “deferred”, and dis- 
cussions on local affairs have 
gone ahead in Dungannon and 
Banbridge. Mr Robinson de- 
fended the action in Castie- 
reagh but admitted that there 
were considerable difficulties 
in operating an adjournment 

He and others are consid- 
ering attempting to persuade 
all Unionist councillors to 
resign their seats and not seek 
re-election. That, however, 
weald leave several councils 
including the hugest, Belfast, 
in the control of nationalists. 

' Mr Frank Millar, 
secretary of the 
Unionist Party, said it was 
time for his organization and 
the DUP to “make an 
example” of the growing dum- 
ber of councillors giving op the 
abstentionist tactic. 

' The leadership of both par- 
ties is receiving complaints 
that no action 2s ever taken to 
expel members for breaking 
f oartvnolicv. 

NHS ‘loss 
on private 

Mr Frank Dobson, Oppo- 
sition spokesman on health, 
has said that the National 
Health Service could be losing 
millions of pounds each year 
by foiling to collect money due 
from private patients (Jill 
Sherman writes). 

Mr Dobson has written to 
Mr Norman Fowler, Secretary 
of State for Social Services, 
asking for a breakdown of the 
money owed in each district 
health authority up to March 
31. 1986, including how long it 
has been Outstanding- 
Figures prepared by the 
finance director for the 
Bloomsbury Health Authority 
showed that in March this 
year £1.18 million was owed 
to the health authority by 
private patients. 


Det Constable Colin Uoyd, holding Susannah Lamp high's appointments diary, (Photograph: Graham Wood). . 

Card index key to Lamplugh puzzle 


By Mark Ellis 

Detectives searching 
Miss Susannah Lam/ 
the estate agent aged 25 wl^ 
disappeared a month ago with 

a Hipnt calling hims elf “Mr 
Kipper”, are convinced they 
now have enough dues to solve 
the mystery. 

The dues are buried some- 
where in the 6,006-piece jig- 
saw of information being sifted 
IS hours a day in the ground 
floor incident room at Ken- 
sington Police Station, in a 
leafy road off Kensington 
High Street. 

There is, however, no com- 
puter time available to help 
the 30-strong team to cope 
with the daunting task of 
pinpointing the vital pieces of 

Instead, the detectives are 
using a card index system, 
which is continually updated 
and double-checked by fomr of 
the team known as the “think- 
tank”. Overseeing the whole 
process is a researcher, Det 
Constable Colin Lloyd, aged 

.Using a c om p u ter in the 
search was ruled ont because 
one was not available at the 

start of the inquiry, on July 28. 
Scotland Yard now says the 
way the case developed meant 
that a mass of information was 
collected in the first few days, 
which would have taken op too 
much time to feed back com- 
pletely into a computer from 
the coloured card indexes in a 
large circular revolving metal 
tray. Det Con Lloyd, who is 
detached from day-to-day in- 
quiries, has the job of taking a 
wider view of the case, to 
notice possible links among 
seemingly unconnected facts 
in the case. These indude 
transcripts of 2,000 telephone’ 
calls from the public and, 
perhaps most important of all, 
Miss Lamplugh's own copious 
diaries of personal and busi- 
ness engagements. 

It is in that collection, 
the card index, with its 
entries, that Det Sopt Nick 
Carter, aged 48, the team 
leader, who has led nine 
successful murder hunts, be- 
lieves the vital lead wiD come 
eventually. . 

An imprint of a telephone 
number which Det Con Uoyd 
noticed on a page of Miss 
Lamplugh's diary, was seen 

and called. It turned out to be a 
bank where 70 people worked, 
but all the names were 
checked to see if they matched 
those in the diaries. 

Det .Con Uoyd said: “I am 
increasingly coming to 
that the answer to all this lies 

Miss Susannah Lamplugh, 
aged 25, was last seen when 
she kept a I pm appointment 
to show a diem, calling him- 
self Mr Kipper, a £128,000 
house in Sborrolds Road, 
Fulham, south-west London, 
on July 28. 

A mile-and-a-half away her 
Fond Fiesta car was found in 
Stevenage Road, a quiet 
Thames-side residential area. 

There was no sign of a 
struggle, although it appears 
the car was parked hurriedly. 

within die information we have 
already got. The task is to dig 

Miss Lamplugh's diaries 
have revested a large social 
circle, known as the Putney 
Set in which she socialized 
and worked. Some 60 to 70 
good friends of both sexes 
have been contacted who 

shared her love of swimming, 
tennis and windsurfing or who 
met through work. 

The only description of the 
man calling himself Mr Kip- 
per comes from a man living 
next door to the house; which 
is still for sale, where Miss 
Lamplugh met the mystery 
man who posed as its prospec- 
tive buyer. An artist's im- 
pression was quickly drawn 

Det Supt Ourter said: “In 
my personal view there is a lot 
more work to do yet There are 
no similarities to any other 

Asked if he thought she was 
still alive, be added: “We hare 
found nothing to the contrary. 

At 530pm yesterday foe 
team gathmed for the daily 
case conference. There is no 
need for words of encourage- 
ment as morale is high among 
the team determined to get a 

But last night R kilt Ken- 
sington Police Station no 
nearer finding Miss Lamplugh 
than when she disappea re d. 
“All that is certain in thte case 
is that she disappeared off dm 
face of London," Det Supt 
Carter said. 

World Chess Championship 

Kasparov has lead 
by single point 
as first leg ends 

• By Raymond Keene, Chess Correspondent 

The twelfth and final game Lloyds Contest 
id the London half of the . , • 

World Chess Championship lead. IS Shared 

was drawn on 
night, leaving the champion, 
Gary Kasparov, with a one- 
point lead over the challenger, 
Anatoly Karpov. 

the Slhoom^^o^London’s 
Park Lane Hotel, Kasparov, 
playing white, achieved a liny 
advantage in the game which 
began in similar fashion to the 
Queen's Gambit Declined 
opening he employed in game 
10 . 

In the end Kasparov gave 
up manoeuvring and on his 
34th move offered the draw, 
which was received with 
tumultuous applause. The 
score now stands at 6% points 
to Kasparov and 5 Vi to 

Spectators also lined the 
aisles of The Times com- 
mentary room where 
England's top Olympic player, 
the grandmaster Tony Miles, 
gave a miming commentary. 
The two players will begin the 
second half of their tensely 
contested battle in Leningrad 
next week. 

Coverage of the match will 
continue in London at the 
Great Eastern Hotel, Liver- 
pool Street, where The Times 
is sponsoring direct trans- 
mission of the moves 

The moves: 

W mo 






t (M 


19 NxffidhQxR 

2 c4 


20 Qd* 


3 Nc3 


21 Qxt6 


4 M3 


22 bS 


5 Bg5 


.23 g3 






7 S3 


25 Rc6 


8 RCt 


26 Ba2 


9 Bd3 


27 h3 


10 0-0-0 


28 Rdd6 


11 BU* 


29 Kg2 


12 Qb2 


30 M2 


13 Rfitil 


31 g4 




32 hxg4 






16 NO 


34 RxdS 

17 062 



With one round to go m the 
Lloyds Bank tournament the 
lead is shared by JM Hodgson, 
of England, and GM 
Agdestein, of Norway, with 
seven points out of eight each. 

They are a full point ahead of 
nine players who share third 
place: Chandler, Hjartarson, 
Prasad. NvBoer, Condie. 
Anand, Akcsson, Barua and 
van der Sterren. 

1M Hodgson has adtieved 
the norm for the International 
Grandmaster title and Mi- 
chael Adams, aged 14, has 
obtained his second norm for 
the International Master title. 

He obtained his first norm 
only three weeks ago in the 
British Chess Championship. 

Another young player who is 
doing very well is Matthew 
Sadler, aged 11, who will 
achieve the norm for the 1M 
title if he wins his last game. In 
that case Sadler would be the 
youngest player yet to achieve 
an IM norm. 

Results from round seven: 
Plaskett l k. Hodgson ft; 
Agdestein 1; Akesson 0; 
Anand Vj. Chandler 16; Barua 
ft, Hjartarson 'A; Kudrin 
Rechlis ft: de Ftrmian 0, van 
der Sterren I: Tangbora 0, 
Condie I: Prasad 1. Pein 0; 
Landerberque 'h, Wolff Vi; 
Thomas 1 0, NijBoer I. 

White Hodgson, Black 


2 NO 

3 Bg2 
6 Bb2 
8 64 

10 Nxe4 

11 Rstl 

12 B *9? 













13 BfS 

14 Bxe7 

15 Rd2 

16 K62 

17 Ka3 

19 Rd7 

20 04 

21 Ne5 

22 Rf7 

23 c5 

24 gxH 













Negotiator flies in for 
fresh Wapping talks 

By Nicholas Beeston 

-Today sees the first round of 
reconvened talks aimed at 
ending the seven-month dis- 
pute at the News International 
printing plant at Wapping, 
east London. 

Mr Bill O’NeiU, chief nego- 
tiator for News International, 
the parent company of The 
Times. The Sunday Times, 
The Sun and News of the 
World, wiQ arrive in London 
this morning from New York 
and will go straight into talks 
at an undisclosed location. 

Mr O’Neill has said that the 
last offer made to the 5,500 
print workers, who were dis- 
missed after going on strike, 
has been withdrawn. The of- 
fer, consisting of £50- million 
and ownership of the former 
building of The Sunday Times 
in Gray's Inn Road, central 
London, was rejected in June 
by the print unions, Sogat '82 
and the National Graphical 

A source in one of the 
unions involved in the nego- 

tiations said yesterday that the 
two print unions would be 
: going in to today’s discussions 
with their demands intact. 

“The unions will dearly be 
seeking more money, but the 
real stumbling block remains 
the reinstatement of union 
representation at the Wapping 
plant,” be said. 

He added that it was 
“doubtful but not impossible” 
that a solution could be found 
on the question of reinstate- 
ment, and be predicted that 
the talks would be the first in a 
series of discussions. 

If talks are still in progress 
by the start of next week, they 
could help defuse a potentially 
divisive debate on the 
Wapping dispute at the annual 
Trades Union Congress in 
Brighton on Monday. 

The debate will discuss an 
NGA motion calling on the 
electricians' union members 
who man the presses at the 
Wapping plant to stop work or 
face expulsion from the TUG 

bans Sogat 

A factory owned by Mr 
Robert Maxwell has banned 
70'dismissed printers from 
returning to work until they 
re-pay. redundancy money 
given two months ago. 

The former staffs members 
of Sogat ’82, were laid off for 
20 weeks when 180 members 
of the National Graphical' 
Association refused to accept 
a company survival package 

The new lock-out was en- 
forced when 70 members of 
Sogat *82 accepted a manage- 
ment offer to re-open the 
Purnell and Son works in 
Paulton, near Bath, Avon. 

But the peace plan foiled 
yesterday when supervisors 
asked for almost £20,000 of 
redundancy money. 

Mr Bernard Vowles, Sogat 
*82 regional officer, said: “We 
agreed to go back because we 
were never in dispute. 

“We hoped we would have 
been given a week or two to 
find the money.” 

Immigration strike at port 

More than 

passengers are expected to 
experience long delays at Har- 
wich today when immigration 
officers stage a 24-hour strike. 

At Dover, industrial action 
has been deferred pending a 
Home Office decision on 
transfers of about 30 senior 
immigration officers from Do- 
ver, Folkestone, Ramsgate 
and Harwich to Heathrow 
Airport, which is seriously 

Sailings to the Hook of 
Holland. Gothenburg and Es- 
bjerg from Harwich all face 
delays of up to two hours, with 
incoming services also af- 

Passport control at Harwich 
will be below half strength 
because about 30 members of 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

10,000 ferry the Society of Civil and Public ing to register our disgust at 
Servants voted to walk out at 

midnight in protest at. the 
compulsory transfers, at two 
months’ notice, which affect 
four of their colleagues. 

A union spokesman said 
yesterday that members were 
poised to take further indus- 
trial action unless manage- 
ment withdrew the order. 

The trouble at Harwich and 
Dover springs from the crisis 
at Heathrow, - caused by in- 
creased numbers of people 
seeking admission. Nigerians 
in a sudden influx have been 
forced to sleep on floors at 
detention centres and in police 
cells while awaiting interviews 
with immigration officers. 

The union spokesman at 
Harwich said: “We are strik- 

the attitude of management 
They have handled this whole 
affair disgracefully from the 
start and without regard for 
the welfare of staff” 

Negotiations have staved 
off strike action today at the 
Channel ports. At Dover, 13 
officers objected to the moves, 
saying they would result in 
serious domestic and financial 
problems as officers tried to 
sell homes in Kent for more 
expensive ones near 
Heathrow and to find schools 
for their children. Some said 

they would rather resign. 

Immigration officers belong 
to two unions, the Immigra- 
tion Service Union and the 
Society of Civil and Public 

Beer in decline 

Latest increases fuel pricing dispute 

By Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

British beer and lager prices 
are going np again, in spite of a 
continuing decline in 
consumption and a level of 
pricing in foe South that is 
causing alarm among licensees 
and the Office of Fair Trading. 

The price of a pint of bitter 
ranges from iittie more than 
60p in some public houses in 
foe Midlands and North to 
well over £1, and, in some 
cases, as much as £1.30 hi foe 
more fashionable drinking 
establishments of central 

This week, Guinness an- 
nounced that it was putting up 
the price of a large bottle of 
stoat by 5p, with Castiemaine 
and Lowenbrau increasing 
their prices of lager by 4p a 
pint, and Skol lager going np 

^iiul r«iw, mnvd hv Allied 

Lyons, Is raising prices of 
bitter by about 2p a pint, 
which mil affect Taylor 
Walker, Bensldns and Friary 
Meux outlets in tire Sooth. 
Many brewers in foe North 
and Midlands have already 
announced increases of be- 
tween 2p and 4p a pint 

The latest round of in- 
creases, made more on palat- 
able in the Sonth by the price 
disparity with the North, wiQ 
add to foe concern of Sir 
Gordon Borne, Director Gen- 
eral of Fair Trading, who has 
ordered a new investigation of 
foe brewing industry by the 
Monopolies . and Mergers 

Sir Gordon says that prices, 
margins and profits appear to 
be high and he is particularly 
concerned about the possible 
restriction to competition and 
consumer choice of foe tied 

hnncp nownJ- 

The Brewers* Society, which 
described the latest investiga- 
tion as “totally unnecessary” 
refused yesterday to disenss 
the pricing policies of its 

However, the high price of a 
pint is caosing deepening con- 
cern within foe industry. Mr 
David Thompson, managing 
director of Wolverhampton 
and Dudley Breweries, whose 
average price Is 61ft said that 
with pnblic booses being foe 
brewers' main capital invest- 
ment it made sense to main- 
tain prices at a level that wonld 

keep them viable. 

Mr Thompson, who is well 
known for his outspoken 
condemnation of h^gh prices in 

foe Sonth, believes that £1 a 
pint's too h%h. 

“We believe that at 61p nr 
beer is good value for money 
and a fair price to pay in /the 

public bar; it should be re- 
garded as an everyday item,” 
he said. 

UK. beer - consumption, 
including lager, last year fell to 
191.8 pints per head of popula- 
tion, against 1938 in 1984 and 
207 a decade ago. 

Lager, often sold at pre- 
minm prices in foe Sooth, is 
still rapidly overtaking tra- 
ditional-beers as foe nation's 
favourite drink. 

In 1980. ales and stout 
accounted for 69 .3 per emit of 
foe market and lager 19.7 per 
cent; in 1985 the proportions 
were 59.1 per cent and 40.9 per 
cent respectively, and the 
Brewers' Society aid that the 
gap was narrowing. 

Beer production in the first 
half of this year; with 
consumption hit by a mediocre 
summer, was down 03 per cent 
at 17.483.369 bulk barrels. 

Overtime ban ‘threat 
to Durham pit jobs’ 

British Coal has written to 
thousands of Durham miners 
working at loss-making pits 
warning them that they could 
lace job cuts and a drop in 
■wages if they vote' for an 
overtime ban next month 
(Nicholas Beeston writes). 

The letters were delivered 
last week to 1 1,000 members 
of the National Union of 
Mineworicers at six collieries 
in Durham, where miners, 
have been asked by the union 
to deride whether to baflot on 
September 15 for an overtime 
ban. A decision is expected 
next week. 

The letter said: “An over- 
time ban will hit output, hit 
pay packets, raise costs and, 
without doubt, put more jobs 
at risk, particularly at the high 
cost units.” 

In the quarter from April to 
July, the Durham cornfield 
lost £4 minion, and only two 
units are profit-making. 

The threat of industrial 
action is the result of a long- 
standing dispute between the 
NUM and management over 
a decision by Bntjsh Coal to 
stop production a) the Seahant 
section of the Vane Tempest 
mine with the transfer of 400- 

The dispute has since wid- 
ened to indude delays' by 
British Coal in paying a 
national wage increase. 

A spokesman for British 
Coal said that the company 
had managed to cut its losses 
in Durham this year to the 
lowest levels since 1980. 

He gave a warning -that 
losses from an overtime ban 
would be paid for in jobs and 

that miners could expect to 
lose £40 to £50 a week iff pay. 

• British Coal's retraining 
scheme.- launched ; last year 
attracted only 112 of foe 

30.000 miners made redun- 
dant since the end of the 
strike, according to a report 
commissioned by the Coal- 
field Communities Gun 

The report, written by 1 
Sarah Monk, an economist at 
Cambridge University, found 
that in the first year of the Job 
and Career Change Scheme 
(JAGCS), only £250,000 of the 
£10 minion earmarked for the 
project had been spent on 

The report areues that the 
main reasons for the poor 
response .were the loss of 
unemployment benefit for 
those undertaking retraining 
a widespread belief that eight 
weeks was an insufficient 
period to retrain for alter- 
native employment, the resid- 
ual bitterness many miners 
still feel toward British Coal 
and the limited publicity 
given to the scheme. 

The report calls for the 
removal of the various dis- 
incentives freed by miners 
wishing to retrain, and. a 
considerable expansion of 
funding especially as a further 

30.000 redundancies are ex- 
pected in the next 12 months. 

A spokesman for British 
Coal raid that in the period 
since the report was com- 
pleted, more than 1,000 min- 
ers had applied for a place on 
the scheme, while about 500 
men bad completed their 

mile test 
of fitness 


’• Anyont^wh® cannot run or 
walk a lO^nbrate mile is imfit, 
according to foe Health 
Education Council. 

An exerdse guide published 
by foe council this week, which 
urges everyone to exercise at 
least three times a week, says 
that: anyone taking 20 minutes 
dr more to cover a mile b very 
unfit. ”A fit adult should be 
able to cover the distance in 
between 10 and 12 minutes'*. 

Other signs of being out of 
shape include: getting out of 
breath walking ophflL, feeling 
weak or suffering from aching 
legs after climbing two (lights 
of stairs, or having difficulty 
bending to tie shoelaces. 

The guide challenges argu- 
ments commonly put forward 
to avoid doing exerdse, and 
says ft is never too late to start. 
"Whatever your age yon can 
find a form of exercise that will 
suit yon. And Che less fit yon 
are to start with, die sooner 
you'll notice foe benefits.” 

However R gives a warning 
that some sports should be 
taken np only by fit people. “If 
yon are middle-aged think 
very carefully before taking op 
squash. If yon do start playing, 
take R very gently at foe 
beginning. Don't play squash 
to get fit.” 

Exercise - Why Bother? 
(Health Education Council, 
Department 715, 20-24 Cbuhe 
Road, Mount Farm, Mjffea 

Last day at the coal board 

Sir Ian resolute to the end 

By Robin Yoimg 

Today is Sir Ian 
MacGregor's Iasi day in the 
office at the National Coal 
Board's Grosvenor Place 
headquarters, Hobart House. 

Yesterday the NCR's most 
contentious chairman was 
presented with the traditional 
gold-plated replica of a 
miner’s lamp — the coal 
industry's symbolic improve- 
ment on foe gold watch as a 
parting gift to valued 

Not that Sir Ian is really 
retiring, even though he is 
aged 73. Yesterday it was 
announced that he had been 
recruited as a non-executive 
director of foe merchant bank, 
Lazard Brothers, and he 
continues as a limited partner 
of Lazard Freresand Co, in 
New York. This was the job he 
was seconded from at vast 
expense to be first chairman of 
British Steel and then of the 
NCB during their turbulent, 
cost-cutting, and sometimes 
blood-letting, reorganization 
years. ■. '• 

There were drinks yesterday 
for thoSe of Hobart House's 
470 employees who had 
worked closely with the chair- 
man during his term of office, 
and a speech of gratitude and 
zood wishes from Mr Laurie ' ,} 

Sir Ian MacGregor. A turbu- 
lent reign 

Panzer, foe NCB’s director of 
sales. Sir Jan made a gracious, 
but unemotional response. 
Not always foe most commu- 
nicative of men whore the 
press are concerned, he reso- 
lutely rejected requests for 
interviews, statements, or per- 
mission to dog his steps about 
the corridors of power in his 
last days. 

His press conference pres- 
enting the NCB's annual re- 
port a few weeks ago was. he 
insisted, his positively final 
public appearance as cool 
board chairman. 

During recent weeks Sir lan 
has loured the coalfields, say- 
ing farewell to the area 

managements and gamering 
gifts and good wishes wher- 
ever he went. Yesterday an oil 
portrait of him, looking suit- 
ably stem, was delivered at 
Hobart House to add to the 

On Wednesday night Sir lan 
took his personal office staff io 
dinner at Tiberio in 
MayfaitToday his successor. 
Sir Robert Haslam, will be 
taking Sir Ian to lunch and 
next week he will be giving Sir 
lan a farewell dinner in Lon- 
don. with some 70 guests. 

There was no truth in foe 
suggestion, impishly put about 
in the headquarters' nether 
regions, that the centrepiece m 
the menu on either occasion 
was to be Barnsley chops. 

Sir John Knott, hazards 
chairman, is enthusiastic 
about his 73-year-old recruit 
“Sir lan has all the energy and 
enthusiasms of a 20 -year-okt 
He will greatly benefit us with 
his immense experience as an 
industrialist, both here and in 
foe United Slates”. 

Sir lan is expected to leave 
the office quietly, and prob- 
ably a bit early today, when- 
ever- possible on Fridays, W 
likes to make an early getaway 
to travel up to his count# 
home in AmvlL 


Form i 


. i 

1 . ? t 


K 1, > » r • 

■wii : 



' -'M 



'Ilk.!; ... 


"' ! ^U 

‘A . :i 


r,J K 

-.fry uussr- 

of fin 






i * *.c i i-ivicS i i^iPA v ALoUSf zy I >60 

. r 



New bureau to tackle 
tide of complaints 
about solicitors’ work 

HOME news 



By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 
Solicitors COm- take other action to satisfy the 

The bureau will have 
power ;o tackle __ 

where the client has 

financial loss. These cas es will 
sdil have to be pursued 
through the courts with a 
damages daim. 

The director, Mr Peter 
Thompson, aged 61, said yes- 
terday that one important 
characteristic of the bureau 
- was that h would have (he 
staff to cope with the “very 
serious problem of delay” ■ 

“Some complaints are tak- 
ing a few months to Hamcife 
and it is a few months too 
long," he said. “1 love always 
taken the view that if only we 
could have dealt with com- 
plaints within a reasonable 
time compass, we would have 
had far less trouble with the 

Mr Thompson said that the 
bureau would be separate in 
every respect from the Law 
Society, so that, for the first 
time, the society would not 
both have the job of advising 
solicitors on professional con- 
duct matters, as well as dis- 
ciplining them. . 

“Justice wasn't being seen 
to be done,” he said. Now 
there would be a separate 
ethics and gnidance 

The third key feature was 
the lay element, which would 
have “power to shout” if it did 
not like what was going on. 

Every time a complainant was 
dissatisfied with the way a 
case was settled, it would go to 

A new 
plaints Bureau to tackle the 
rising tide of complaints by 
the public, now running at 
15,000 a year, was launched 
yesterday. The bureau, at Stag 
Place. Victoria, south-west 
London, will cost £4 million 
in its first year. It is aimed at 
, restoring public confidence in 
the handling , of complaints 
about solicitors, and will op- 
erate separately from the Law 

A key element wiU be the 
, watchdog rote of the lay- 
dominated investigation 
committee. It will monitor the 
work of bureau staff, particu- 
larly the way they settle the 85 
per cent of complaints which 
are tackled by “conciliation”, 
without disciplinary sanctions 
against the solicitor. 

The bureau, which opens on 
Monday, will deal wrtb all 
complaints about solicitors' 
behaviour, such as delays, 
overcharging, conflicts of in- 
terest, dishonesty or decep- 
tion, and refer serious cases to 
the Solicitors’ Disciplinary 
Tribunal, with its powers to 
suspend or strike oft 

From January 1, it win also 
handle complaints of shoddy 
work, under new powers 
granted by the Administration 
of Justice Act, 1985, and the 
influx of new complaints from 
that is expected to swell the 
total to almost 20,000 a year. 

In the case of “shoddy 
work”, such as inordinate 
delay in a house transaction or 
probate matter, a solicitor can 
be ordered to pay back fees, or 

that committee with its power 
to require the bureau staff to 
take different action. 

Sanctions against solicitors 
wiD still fall to the bureau's 
second committee, the solic- 
itor-dominated adjudication 
committee, which will be able 
to institute proceedings in 
serious cases of misconduct 
before tbe disciplinary 
tribunal. " 

The Law Society is consid- 
ering giving the lay investiga- 
tion committee power also to 
take cases to the tribunal if tbe 
adjudication committee 
refuses to do so. but only if the 
bureau's solicitors think there 
is a case to answer. 

If at the end of the day, the 
aggrieved client is still dis- 
satisfied, he can always take 
his case to the Lay Observer, 
with his statutory powers to 
monitor the way complaints 
about solicitors are handled. 

Some 15 per cent of com- 
plaints are likely to referred to 
the adjudication committee as 
warranting misconduct. 

. Tbe bureau will also have 

S ower to call in solicitors' 
les; inspect accounts; or, as a 
last-resort sanction, take over 
a solicitor’s practice. That is 
done in urgent cases where 
there is any question of dis- 
honesty and risk to clients' 

Gients who need help in 
framing a complaint can be 
put in touch with a solicitor on 
the new nationwide interview 
panel of solicitors, and those 
who want to pursue negligence 
claims can be put in touch 
with the “negligence paneT. 

DPP yet 
to make a 
move over 

The noose appeared 10 have 
tightened yesterday around 
John Fleming, the Briton 
wanted for questioning, al- 
though there has not yet been 
any move by the Director of 
Public Prosecutions' office to 
secure his return (Our Legal 
Affairs Correspondent writes). 

Mr Fleming, aged 45, has 
seven days to find a country to 
accept him or face deporta- 
tion. British police want him 
for questioning in connection 
with the £26 million Brinks- 
Mat gold robbery near 
Heathrow Airport in 1 983. 

There was speculation 
among lawyers yesterday that 
the' DPP may be hamstrung in 
taking action: if Mr Fleming is 
wanted only for questioning 
and police do not have a case 
against him, officials may be 
unable to issue an arrest 
warrant and start extradition 

A spokesman said* “We 
have not taken any decisions 
on what action may be taken.” 

But it is looking increasingly 
likely that Mr Fleming — now 
at an immigration centre at 
Miami airport after explusion 
from Florida — will be bound 
for Heathrow. 

Traditional havens such as 
Brazil are taking a tougher 
line. Europe is now almost 
completely closed and the last 
boltholes in South and Genual 
America are disappearing. 
There is still Venezuela; or, i 
possibly South Africa, but 
none of those looks 
favourably on taking in 
wanted people. 

Tessa Newmark, aged nine, Standing in a babble at i 
Pad, a permanent exhibition which opened at the Science 
Museum, London, yesterday (Photograph: Snresh Karadia). 

Insurance quiz on Aids 

Tbe Association of British 
Insurers is urging all insurance 
firms to include an Aids-re- 
lated question on all life 
insurance applications. 

Tbe move comes after the 
Norwich Union insurance 
group paying its first claim by 
the dependents of an Aids 

Tbe suggested question is: 

“Have you received medical 
advice, treatment or a blood 
test in connection with Aids or 
an Aids-related condition?” 

A spokesman for the Nor- 
wich Union said: “If the 
answer is 'Yes' then further 
details will probably be 
sought. Our insurance firm 
has already decided to include 
the question.” 

Former actor in a new role 

Lewis leaves ITN for 
BBC news challenge 

* Mr Peter Thompson, first 
director of the new Solicitors 
Complaints Bureau, is a for- 

‘ mer naval officer who took «p 
>t career in acting, and is 
: refreshingly nnsteeped in the 

• law for a former Law Society 
.official (Our Legal Affairs 
'Correspondent writes). 

He ma int a ins that it is the 
reason he has landed tbe job. 
“My career has given me a 
broader experience of life out- 
side the law than many 
people," be says. 

It may also have given him 
his healthy robustness in the 
face of officialdom. 

“Ia this job I am answerable 
to no one for how complaints 
are handled,” -he said. “I have 
a large measure of indepen- 
dence, a bit like a judge. . . 

_ “The Law Society can sack 
me but only with a wide 
measure of agreement. I don't 
‘take kindly to being sat on by 
'file Law Society or anybody 

The bureau has been set up 
?by the Law Society as a 

separate organization to han- 
dle complaints about 

Its investigation committee 
wDl have a majority of lay 
persons, who will monitor the 
work of bureau staff 
Mr Thompson did not qual- 
ify as a lawyer until 20 years 
ago, when he was aged 41. 

Mr Peter Thompson, who 
has had a varied career 

saw active service with the 
Fleet as a junior engineering 
officer before being invalided 
out of the Navy in 1947. 

Then followed a career in 
the professional theatre, both 
as actor and manager, during 
which he appeared with Rich- 
ard Baton and Dame Sybil 
Thorndike. He also became 
technical director for tbe 
Welsh National Festival of 
Arts in 1951. 

Acquiring a law degree, he 
went into industry, becoming 

assistant company secretary of 

Saun de rs Roe. Finally he en- 
tered private practice as a 
solid tor. He joined the staff of 
• the Law -Sodety in J97J. 

Mr-Thoapson, who lives at 
Abinger Common in Surrey 
with his 'wife, a retired careers 
adviser, is determined that 
from now on complaints han- 
dling will improve. 

The main problem has been 
delay: “Some complaints have 
died of inertia and that b 
intolerable,” be says. 

Papers on 
7 Heysel go 
; to court 

Mir Douglas Hurd, Home 
Secretary, yesterday signed the 
extradition papers against the 
. 26 Liverpool football support- 
•ers accused of offences coa- 
• nected with the Heysel 
: stadium riots. 

■ ■ The papers were handed to- 
Bow Street Magistrates’ Court 
.hr London, which will now 
decide whether to issue war- 

. rants a^inst the fans — whose 
^alleged rioting led to the death 
i of 39 Italian supporters at last 
^year’s European Cup Final 

Sizewell B 
costs defended 

The Central Electricity 
, Generating Board yesterday 
^defended expenditure of more 
*tban £200 million on planning 
.tbe pressurized water reactor 
at Sizewell, Suffolk, although a 
.decision is not expected until 
the end of the year. 

Teachers out 

More than 500 pupils had 
their lessons disrupted yes- 
terday -when 10 teachers at 
r seven schoolsin Strathclyde 

■ walked out over the regional 
.council’s decision to provide 
■cover only after a teacher has 
been absent for five days. 

Cell mishap 

Police had to call the fire 
'brigade to free a prisoner's 
head wedged in a cell door at 
Cheshire county police head- 
quarters. The prisoner had 
Muck his head out of an 
observation hatch. 

Tidy station 

British Rail will declare 
Nottingham station a “litter- 
feee zone” from midday today 
"as part of the national 
^Beautiful Britain'’ scheme 
organized by tire Keep Britain 
Tidy Group. 

54 beds gone 

The temporary closure of 54 
beds at St James's. Hospital 
Balham. south London, since 
April, has been confirmed as 
permanent by Mr Barney 
Hay hoe. Minister for Health. 

More patrols 

- The AA is to introduce 
another 100 breakdown pa- 
trols as pan of a £15 million 
deployment of staff vehicles 
2 nd equipment. 

UK imprisonment rate 
highest in west Europe 

By PeterEvans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

Mr Martyn Lewis, the ITN 
newscaster, is joining BBC 
television as anchorman of a 
revamped lunchtime news 
programme, it was announced 

The as yet unnamed pro- 
gramme win form part of BBC 
l's Day Time schedules and be 
transmitted at 1 pro, opposite 
UN's successful News at One. 

Although tbe ITN bulletin 
has consistently outpaced the 
BBC's News After Noon in the 
ratings, the BBC offering has 
until now followed on directly 
from the test card. 

The new programme, which 
Mr Lewis will present solo 42 
weeks a year, will form part of 
an ambitious schedule of mid- 
morning and afternoon prog- 

Mr Lewis, aged 41, has been 
with ITN for 16 years, for 
much of them reading News rtf 
Ten. His defection, which 
follows that last week of 
another ITN newscaster; Miss 
Pam Armstrong, was person- 
ally negotiated by Mr Michael 
Grade, BBC TV’s Director of 

It was clinched over break- 
fast at Mr Lewis's home when 

Mr Grade offered him, in 
addition to news-reading, a 
major documentary in his first 
year, and guarantees that he 
would be free to work in other 
BBC departments. 

Mr Lewis, who is currently 
working on an ITN special on 
the Prince and Princess of 
Wales, said yesterday: “No 
single ITV company can com- 
pete with the breadth of 
opportunity offered by the 

Farewell to Armstrong, 
page H 

Mr Martyn Lewis, new BBC 

to reduce 

pushes up 
prices for 

By John Yotmg 
Agriculture Correspondent 

Grain prices, already at 
their highest for at least two 
years, have been pushed still 
higher by reports that this 
year’s crop has been exten- 
sively damaged by heavy rain 
and high winds over the Bank 
holiday weekend. 

The forward market price 
for milling wheat reached a 
peak of £145 a tonne on 
Tuesday, and prices for feed 
wheat and barley, at about 
£120 a tonne, are some £25 
higher than at tbe same time 
last year, comfortably above 
the “safety net” level set by 
the Intervention Board for 
Agricultural Produce. 

But both the Home-Grown 
Cereals Authority, the govern- 
ment quango responsible for 
collating market information, 
and the National Farmers' 
Union, attribute the present 
boom in demand not to rain 
but to the drought afflicting 
large parts of France, Spain 
and Italy. 

Ironically it comes at a time 
of increasing concern about 
overproduction, and fears by 
countries such as Australia 
and Argentina that their tra- 
ditional markets are threat- 
ened by the United States and 
EEC countries “dumping” 
their surpluses. 

Even if it proves to be short- 
lived, the present strong ex- 
port demand will boost 
farmers* morale and will help 
to empty grain stores in time 
for this year's harvest, which, 
in spite of hurricane Charley, 
is expected to approach the 
previous record. 

trip may 
come true 

Mrs Kay Dunn, of Burley, 
Coventry, and Mr Paul 
Tin ray, of Cater ham, Surrey, 
share yesterday's Portfolio 
Gold prize of £4,000. 

Mrs Dunn, aged 61, a 
retired traffic technician, was 
delighted that her numbers 
had come up, especially as she 
came within two points of 
being a winner the previous 

She may use some of the 
money for a trip on Concorde 
with her husband, Mike. 

She said: “We have just 
come back from a two-week 
holiday in Austria, tat I have 
always wanted to travel to New 
York in Concorde.” 

Mr Tinney, aged 26, a 
teacher of arts and design, has 
been doing tbe Portfolio Gold 
since the competition started 
last ApriL He plans to pot his 
winnings towards saving for a 
new bouse. 

“At first I was a little wary 
when it became apparent that 1 
was a winner. 1 tried not to get 
too excited in case it was all a 
fluke, but this quite un- 
expected win will boost my 
savings considerably,” he 

Mr Paul Tinney, his win wfil 
boost house savings. 

Du Cann settles debt 

road speed on house payment 

Yellow bar markings are to 
be laid down experimentally 
on 96 motorway exit slip 
roads in an effort to slow 
down speeding motorists as 
they enter lower-grade roads 
(Michael Baily writes). 

The yellow bars, which give 
the motorist the feeling that he 
has not slowed enough, have 
been shown to reduce ac- 
cidents by 50 per cent on dual 
carriageway roads, according 
to research by the Transport 
and Road Research Lab- 
oratory. Work on marking out 
the bars will start in the 

By Robin Young 

Sir Edward du Cann. the 
Conservative MP for Taunton 
and former chairman of the 
1922 Committee, has settled 
mortgage repayment arrears 
for the second lime in two 
weeks after legal proceedings 
had been started against 
him.On Wednesday the Hali- 
fax Building Society dropped a 
repossession application 
concerning a house on Mr du 
Cann's 336-acre estate in 
Somerset after a last minute 
payment by his 


.. . . . . . The action was withdrawn 

Beatle s guitar “ ai ,he coun door bui *»* 

S'**™* parties appeared in closed 

fetches £1 nflll heann B before the recorder. 
icLiuca 105UUU Mr John Turner al Taumon 

County Court to explain the 

A fortnight ago Sir Edward 
reached an “amicable 
settlement” with Eagle Star 
Insurance, who for I he third 
time in a year had issued writs 
for mortgage arrears in respect 
of his home. Cothay Manor, 
near Wellington. 

George Harrison's first guitar, 
now broken and stringless, 
was sold for £3,600 to a 
private American buyer, be- 
lieved to be the Hard Rock 
Cafe, at an auction at 
Sotheby’s in New Bond Street, 
London, yesterday. 

The former Beatle had 
bought it from a friend for £1 

The house, which Sir Ed- 
ward purchased for £100.000 
in 1 972. is now estimated to be 
worth well over £500.000. 

Sir Eduard, who has an- 
nounced that he will not be 
standing for re-election to 
Parliament, is chairman of Mr 
Tiny Rowland's Lonrho 
group, and in that capacity 
receives a salary of £60.000 a 

He has been involved in a 
number of disputes over al- 
leged debts. In 1980 he settled 
out of court over a £9,300 
commission claimed on the 
sale of his yacht by a boat 
company. Four years later the 
engineering firm. Ove Arab, 
sued him for a £ 10.000 unpaid 
consultancy bill for a project 

to quarry silicon. 
In July 

ly Iasi year he was 
summoned by the Wessex 
water authority for £800 rates, 
which were later paid. 

Sir Edward was on a touring 
holiday in France with his 
wife yesterday, and could not 
be contacted. 

The United Kingdom has 
the highest rate of imprison- 
ment in western Europe, 
according to figures released 
yesterday by the National 
Association tor the Care and 
Resettlement of Offenders. 

It has overtaken Turkey in 
the imprisonment “league 
table” comprising Council of 
Europe countries with a 
population of 10 million or 

The United Kingdom jailed 
344.7 people per 100.000 of 
the population in 1984, com- 
pared with 312.9 in Turkey, 
which previously led the tables 

The UK imprisoned 
proportionately twice as many 
people as West Germany 
(174.8 per 100,000) and 
France (162.3 per 100,000) 
and more than three times as 
many as Portugal (109.8 per 

The use of prison sentences 

in the UK has increased , 
during the past decade after a | 
downward trend. 

The proportion of adult 
males convicted of indictable 
offences in England and Wales 
who were imprisoned rose 
from 15 percent in 1974 to 20 
percent in 1984. 

Miss Vivien Stern. Nacre's 
director, said: “The evidence 
shows clearly that this 
country's use of prison is 
excessive, costly and 

The Home Office last night | 
disputed the Nacre figures. 

International comparisons 
of the number of people 
committed to prison were 
notoriously difficult to draw 
|jven the differences in crim- 
inal justice systems, what were 
and were not included in tbe 
national returns to the Coun- 
cil of Europe, and a degree of 
double counting, it said. 

1984 1983 

1984 1983 

United Kingdom 

West Germany 

“per x ponuiaaon 



















Top hunt 
horse is 

A prize-winning showjum- 
ping horse, belonging to the 
master of the New Forest 
Foxhounds in Hampshire, has 
been stolen from a paddock 
near its owner’s home. 

The horse, called River 
Bells, has qualified for the past 
five years at the Wembley 
Horse of the Year Show and is 
valued at more than £6,000. 

Iasi night a spokesman for 
the Animal Liberation Front 
and other hunt saboteur 
groups in the area denied 
responsibility for the theft on 

Hampshire police said they 
were keeping an open mind 
about the motive for the 

The horse is owned by Mr 
Stephen Sherwood, of Higb- 
wood, near Ringwood, Hamp- 
shire His wife Cardie said 
yesterday: “It comes as such a 
loss as be was a striking tanner 
and is well known in the area. 
He has won a great many 
shows and has been ridden by 
top show riders. 

“We haven't a cine who 
took him, but we think it 
could have been specialist 
thieves who stole him to 

result is 

Corrected examination n 
suits are being sent to 1,800 
pupils wrongly given low 
grades in a joint O level/CSE 
chemistry paper. 

Because of what tbe Mid- 
lands Examining Group de- 
scribed as “a procedural, 
rather than a comparer error” 
none of tbe 12,000 entrants for 
last week's examination was 
awarded more than a grade C - 
equivalent to a bare pass at O 
leireL The Midlands Group 
has recently been formed in 
preparation for the new GCSE 
16-plns examination by coro- 

and Cambridge ami Southern 
Universities GCE boards with 
tbe West and East Midlands 
CSE boards. 

Mr John Reddaway, sec- 
retary of the Cambridge board, 
said that because of misunder- 
standings between the five 
boards, tbe “hurdle” mark 
that distinguishes as A or B 
grade was not programmed 
into the computer. 

As a result, the 800 can- 
didates who should have been 
placed in the A grade, and tbe 
1,000 who should have been 
given Bs were shocked and 
disappointed to receive Cs. 

Plastic help for terrorists 

By Michael BaOy, Transport Editor 

New weapons technology is 
helping tbe international ter- 
rorist to beat, airfare and 
airport defences, an expert in 
aviation security said 

“The modem terrorist has 
become more sophisticated 
and is aided and abetted by tbe 
development of plastic arms 
which are more difficult to 
detect, and plastic explosion 
material that can be moulded 
to escape detection,” Mr Rod- 
ney Wallis, head of security at 
the International Air Trans- 
port Association, said. 

That represented a chaf- 
to manufacturers of 
eefa detection equip- 
ment, Mr Wallis fold the 
Financial ■ Times Aerospace 
Conference in London. 

Poorer security among air- 
port workers “on tbe ramp” 
threatened passenger safety. 

But a bey defence against 

poorer ramp security — de- 
tailed screening of ramp staff 
— was inhibited in Britain by 
fears of racism, or of invasion 
of individual privacy. 

Tbe United States recently 
passed laws requiring fall 
screening of tbe criminal, 
drag, political and ethnic 
records of airport recruits, Mr 

Wallis said. When the US 
pressed for similar action in 
Britain and other Earopean 
countries recently, it was 
refased. ■ 

New techniques to detect 
weapons and explosives were 
on tbe way, but could take 
some time, Mr Wallis said. 
Mechanical sniffers to identify 
nitrogen content in explosives 
were still in then- infancy. A 
well trained dog could do 

X-ray equipment to detect 
low density objects was being 

Thermal neutron activation 
was another promising ap- 
proach to explosive detection 

and one company was linking 
it to X-ray or plastic detection, 
and Image identification by 
computers. Cherm-Inmines- 
cence was another way 
But all those techniques 
were aimed at detecting weap- 

ons in baggage rather tnan on 
passengers, Mr Wallis safaL 
Passengers may reject being 
bombarded with neutrons, and 
that left physical examination. 
“But in a free society there is a 
Emit to how far yon can go.” 

International terrorism was 
tbe biggest issue facing tivfl 
aviation today, Mr Wallis 

Bat so long as countries 
gave safe haven to terrorists, 
contrary to international 
conventions. It would remain 
difficult to f^ht them. 

Cheap day for 
rail travellers 
in South-east 

Rail travellers in London 
and the South-east are to be 
offered another cheap Net- 
work Day on Saturday. 
September 14 (Michael Baily 

For only £4, plus £1 for 
accompanying children. BR’s 
Network South East is offering 
unlimited travel in the area 
between Weymouth and Wal- 
ton. Oxford and Harwich. 

About 200,000 travellers are 
thought to have taken advan- 
tage of the first Network Day 
last June and extra trains had 
to be run to cany them. 

Mr Chris Green, network 
director, said: “We were de- 
lighted with the success of the 
first Network Day. 

“We want people to use the 
network outside peak times, 
and this is a good way of 
showing how convenient and 
easv it ts.” 

Irish join satellite TV bid 

A company based in the 
Irish Republic hopes to pro- 
vide Britain with a three- 
channel Direct Broadcast 
Satellite (DBS) system to be 
operational in mid- 1 990. 

Atlantic Satellites, of Dub- 
fin, which is 80 per cent owned 
by General Motor’s Hughes 
Aircraft Company, has had 
“serious" discussions with at 
least two of the consortia 
competing for the British DBS 

Tbe consortia are among 
five expected to submit 
applications to the Indepen- 
dent Broadcasting Authority 

Mr James Farrell, managing 
director of Atlantic Satellites, 
said that the irisb-American 
group could provide economi- 
cal transmission capacity to 
Britain by allocating three 
transmitters on Hughes's sat- 
ellites planned for Ireland. 

By operating the two sat- 

ellites toother, Hughes be- 
lieves that a 10-channel DBS 
service will be produced, 
offering a diversity of pro- 
grammes with wide appeal to 
audiences in Britain and Ire- 
land. The signals transmitted 
by the satellites are capable of 
being picked up on a dish 
costing about £250. 

Other satellite manufac- 
turers hoping to win the 
comma to supply Britain's 
DBS include two American 
companies. Communications 
Satellite Corporation and 
RCA; British Aerospace, in 
partnership with the French 
Maira group; and the Euro- 
pean Eurosatellite con- 
sortium, comprising France's 
Aerospatiale and Messer- 
schrnfti-Bolkow-Blobm, of 
West Germany. 

Tbe satellites are expected 
to cost £100 million to £120 
million each. 

Among the groups expected 

to submit applications to the 
IBA are Carlton Communica- 
tions, backed by London 
Weekend Television and 
Saaichi & Saatchi; Direct 
Broadcasting, beaded by Mr 
John Jackson: a Granada con- 
sortium including the Pearson 
and Virgin groups; National 
Broadcasting, created by Mr 
James Lee. the former head of 
Goldcrest Films, with backing 
from Mr Robert Holmes d 
Court; and SAT UK 
Broadcasting, headed by Mr 
Jimmy Hartley, formerly of 
Anglia Television, and Mr 
Muir Sutherland, formerly of 
Thames Television. 

• Superchannel, the pan- 
European cable-television ser- 
vice sponsored by a 
consortium of fTV companies 
and the Viigin group. Has been 
unable to negotiate union 
agreements ana appears to 
have abandoned plans to start 
broadcasting this year. 

Pat case 

Eric Viles, who was sus- 
pended as head of publicity for 
the south-western division of 
the Post Office, after in- 
vestigation by the police over 
the marketing of the cartoon 
character Postman Pat will 
not face criminal charges, it 
was disclosed yesterday. Mr 
Viles and two other men were 
arrested by police investigat- 
ing Lhe marketing of the 
cartoon character and the 
setting up of a fan club, but the 
Director of Public Prosecu- 
tions disclosed yesterday that 
no criminal charges would be 
made against them. 

Now Post Office chiefs, who 
had also cleared Mr Viles after 
an internal investigation, are 
awaiting official confirmation 
from the department before 
deciding whether to reinstate 

At his borne in Chipping 
Sodbury. near Bristol, Mr 
Viles said: “The last few 
months have put a terrible 
strain on myself and my 
family, even though I knew I 
was innocent”. A Post Office 
spokesman said: “We will be 
looking al every fart in this 
case and until then he wifi 
remain suspended.” 

Britain’s oldest twins 
celebrate 100 years 

Britain's oldest surviving 
twins celebrate their 100th 
birthday today, defying odds 
of 50 million to one. 

Misses May and Maijorie 
Chavasse plan to uncork tbe 
champagne at a party with 100 
relatives and friends in 
Gerrards Cross, Bucking- 

The sisters, who were boro 
when Queen Victoria was on 
the throne and who have lived 
under the reign of seven 
raonarrhs. put the secret of 
longevity down to an interest 
in life and staying active. 

May, although confined to a 
wheelchair by arthritis and 
hampered by failing eyesight, 
still loves to read thrillers. 

Maijorie, who survived a 

strums car crash when she 
was in her eighties, enjoys The 
Times and a lesson from a 
religious book every day. 

Both enjoy the occasional 
cheese and wine party, al- 
though May has stopped her 
20-a-day cigarette habit. 

After tbe First World War. 
Marjorie joined Dr Bamado's 
and stayed with the charity for 
33 years. 

She now lives in her own 
home cared for by a house- 
keeper in Windsor, Berkshire, 

May, the yonnger by 20 
minutes, became a nurse and 
served with the Armed Forces 
abroad before retiring to Ox- 
ford. She lives in a home for 
retired nurses at Gerrards 

Misses Marjorie (left) and May Chavasse mark a century. 



Rolls-Royce congratulates British Airways on their 
choice of the RB211-524D4D engine to power then- 
new fleet of 16 Boeing 747-400s. 

The -524D4D, with its refined technology, J 
not only offers lower maintenance costs but will jp g 
give around 14% better fuel bum than the jlff^ 
RB211 engines powering British Airways’ jd&B&Sr 
earlier 747s. A figure that is equivalent 
to fuel savings of over two million flu 

gallons per aircraft per year 



V— * 



British Airways and RoIls-RoyGK. 
a powerful combination 

- 2.1 

. .. , 

I*'**- .•*. 

. . • ‘ ; v+\ ' * 



'' f£| 
* ■ • * 


.<■ \- • 





^ .-'..i f. • -- .. r ;-• --■ " *«■* • 






Police brotality in Sonth Africa 

Minister says 
assaults on ~ 
detained priest 
will be halted 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesborg 


The South African Minister 
of Law and Order, Mr Louis 
' Le Grange, gave an undertak- 
ing to the Pretoria Supreme 
Court yesterday that no fur- 
ther police assaults would be 
made on Father Smangaliso 

- Mkhatshwa, a leading Roman 
. Catholic priest 

In an affidavit submitted to 
the court yesterday, Father 
. Mkhatshwa, who was one of 

- .thousands detained cm June 
! 12, the day the State of 

Emergency was declared, al- 
leged that he was tortured and 
“humiliated in various ways” 

- on August 20 and 21. 

Le Grange’s lawyer said 
4-*j|he ministey was not admi t- 
lifting the truth of these aUega- 
V -lions, bur fie agreed that his 
y "Bkmt would pay the costs of 
•^the case so far, which, legal 
experts' said, amounted to at 
“ least an admission that Father 

- Mkhatshwa had reason to go 
-* ^to court. 

• Mr Brian Curtin, Father 
l Mkhaishwa’s lawyer, told The 
'^Times yesterday that an 
... ^application would be made to 
court next week for the 
priest's continued detention to 
be declared unlawful, on the 
-• grounds that the police had 
•ti. - shown “bad faith” in their 
— X^" t tfeatmept of him. 

“The people who are detain- 
* mg him are also the people 
who are accused of assaulting 
;*- hrn^ and we will argue that 

- you cannot assault someone in 
•» — ^rgpod faith,” Mr Cuirin said. 

• (The only ground on which 
V police conduct can be chal- 

• lenged in the courts under 
' emergency conditions is that 

of “bad faith”) 

Father Mkhatshwa, who is 
; secretaiy-general of the South- 
-era African Catholic Bishops’ 

[ Conference, said in Ms affida- 

• vh that he was handcuffed and 
; bUndfolded and then taken 

from the police station where 
he was being held to an 
unknown ate where five men 
interrogated him for 30 hours. 

Throughout this period he 
was forced to remain standing, 
and for 29 hours his buttocks 
and genitals were exposed 

“Twee during the interroga- 
tion shots were fired from 
behind and just above the 
bade of my head”, the affida- 
vit alleged. 

“A creepy creature or in- 
strument was fed into my 
backside. From there it would 
move up and down my legs, 
thighs and invariably ended 
up biting my genitals. When I 
cringed with pain, they would 
laugh. The interrogation was 
punctuated- by a string of- 
insults, most of which would 
be too unprintable.” 

Describing his interroga- 
tion, Father Mkhatshwa said; 
“It was not a dialogue, but 
hostile rhetorical questions. 
The exercise went something 
like this: ‘Mkhatshwa, what 
changes would you like to see 
in South Africa? . . . Why do 
you take part in politics as a 
priest? . . . You promote the 
Free Nelson Mandela Cam- 
paign, why? You know 
Mandela is a communist and 
has refused to renounce 

Father Mkhatsha, who is in 
his 40s, said that at the end of 
his interrogation he was 
“limping badly because the 
soles of my feet were painful 
and my feet swollen”. 

Father Mkhatshwa, an out- 
spoken opponent of die Gov- 
ernment, was detained by 
police in the Ciskei tribal 
homeland from October 1983, 
to March 1984, and eventually 
charged with subversion, 
incitement to public violence 
and addressing an illegal 
gathering The charges were 

Gas fumes make 200 pnpils ill 

More than 
200 duHrea who were taken 
ill at an Afrikaner primary 
school are believed to have 
been affected by poisonous gas 
{Ray Kennedy writes). 

The school at Vereenfging, 
b 30 miles south of Johannes- 

burg, is befog re-painted. 
Authorities suspected the 
paint triggered a chemical 
reaction, causing gas fames to 
be emitted. The 214 children, 
who suffered stomach cramps, 
recovered qrackly after hos- 
pital treatment. 




limi t 

President Reagan, who will 
be 78 when he leaves office, 
wants to repeal the law limit- 
ing a president to two terms, 
but does not want to serve;* 
third term himself (Michael 
Binyon writes). ■ 

Mr Reagan said in mi 
interview with Fortune maga- 
zine that the 22nd Amend- 
ment to the US Constitution, 
passed after the Second World 
War to prevent any future 
president serving as long as 
President Roosevelt, was “a 
violation of the people’s 
democratic rights” 

Despite agnation by some 
Republicans, few people think 
a constitutional amendment 
to change the law, which has 
to be ratified by two thirds of 
the states, has any chance of 

Admiral Kendall Moranville, Commander trf the US Sixth Fket, and General Alia Bnrakat, Chief of Staff off the Egyptian Air Force, at the Wadi Natron End of llllG for 
base near Cairo during the joint air exercises. At right, crewmembers watch a fighter from the US carrier Forrestal in action fo the Mediterranean. ■ » . n 

¥ ■ # campcxuet 

Washington denies trying to 

push Gadaffi into rash act 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

The White House denies Mr Vernon Walters, the US 
that the US has been trying to Ambassador to the United 
provoke Colonel Gadaffi into Nations, will leave for Europe 

this weekend to present this 

an irrational reaction, and 
insists that its assessment of 
the situation in Libya is 

Mr Larry Speakes, Presi- 
dent Reagan’s spokesman, 
told reporters in Santa Bar- 
bara, where Mr Reagan is on 
holiday; “Our goal is to pre- 
vent Gadaffi from doing 
things, not to provoke him.” 

Without giving details, he 
said the Administration had 
evidence that Colonel Gadaffi 
“bad not been deterred” by 
the US bombing raid on April 
15. It bad “credible” intelli- 
gence information that he was 
planning new terrorist activ- 
ities against US targets. 

to West Euro- 
pean leaders in an attempt to 
rally support for lighter sanc- 
tions against Libya. 

Among the ideas to be 
discussed are a certificate 
system, under which Euro- 
pean nations would be re- 
quired to stipulate that refined 
petroleum products shipped 
to the US did not contain any 
crude oil from Libya. 

The shipment of such prod- 
ucts refined in Europe from 
Libyan crude oil was among 
the loopholes for indirect busi- 
ness left in Mr Reagan's most 
recent sanctions against 

Libya. Another loophole in his 
order was that it did not apply 
to -European subsidiaries of 
US companies. 

Mr Walters will uy to get 
the existing ban on US com- 
panies dealing with Libya 
extended to a select group that 
do most of their business in 

The Walters mission fill- 
lows deep disappointment 
here that Britain and the US 
were unable to prevent the 
sale of two Airbus A310 
aircraft to Libya. The planes 
arrived there from Jordan and 
Dubai through third party 
intermediaries after British 
Caledonian had sold them to a 
Hong Kong company. 

David Watt, page 12 

Russian warning against Libya raid 

Moscow (AP) — Mr Gen- 
nady Gerasimov, the Soviet 
Foreign Ministry spokesman, 
yesterday accused, the United 
States of aggression against 
Libya and gave a warning that 
the Kremlin “supports Libya 
in its desire to defend its 
national sovereignty.” 

He said that the current 
situation in the southern 
Mediterranean was similar to 
that which led to the attacks 


on Tripoli and Benghazi 
US planes on April 15.- 
“ Again we have manoeu- 
vres of the Sixth Fleet,” he 
said. “Again it has been pot 
into circulation the thesis of a 
Libyan threat” But the 
Americans had not produced 
“any hard proof of this” 

He said that a senior 
delegation 'will visit 

tomorrow to attend Revolu- 
tion Day celebrations. 

He declined to. comment 
when asked whether the So- 
viet Union would increase 
military assistance to Libya if 
it were again attacked by the 

A senior US official said on 
Monday that contingency 
plans had been drawn up for a 
tiel -' second. air rad against Libya 
”ya because ofevrdence that it was 

again masterminding terrorist 

‘ President de la Madrid: 
> American agents curbed. 

Doubts on 
* arrests 
;in Mexico 

From Michael Binyon 
_ Washington 

r American officials have re- 
lucted sceptically to the news 
,.ihat Mexico has indicted 1 1 
1 policemen in connection with 
' the kidnapping and torture of 
'h US narcotics agent in 

' Justice Department officials 
Ujajd^he policemen, from Ja- 
were charged only 
t, not considered 
,m Mexican law. They 

concern that 
ive not been arrested 
l- probably not receive 

The ' White House wel- 
comed the legal proceedings as 
■a positive ■ development. A 
said the US was 
3dy to help Mexico swiftly 
. ing to justice those respon- 
sible for the “brutal torture” of 
Mr Victor Cortez. 

Bui officials at the US Drug 
! Enforcement Agency have re- 
acted angrily in private, call; 
fog. the Mexican charges a 
whitewash and a charade. 

T- Meanwhile, in a further 
setback for President Reagan’s 
announcement of a new joint 
crackdown on drag smuggling, 
the Mexican Government for- 
mally accused US narcotics 
agents of carrying out un- 
authorized activities in Mex- 
ico. It said they could no 
longer investigate drag smug- 
gling on Mexican territory. 

The Foreign Ministry note 
was the official response to 
Washington's strong protest 
over the abduction of Mr 
Cortez. In tone and content, it 
is said to be far from the spirit 
of co-operation announced 
during President de la Mad- 
rid's recent visit here. 

The Mexican note obliquely 
contradicted US allegations of 
the torture of Mr Cortez, and 
played down the seriousness 
of his injuries, citing a Mexi- 
can doctor’s report that he 
suffered “simple contusions”. 

Moscow close to shptfle challenge 

Another setback for Nasa 
fuels fear of space failure 

Nasa, desperately frying to 
recover from the explosion of 
the shuttle Challenger in 
January, continues to be 
plagued by setbacks. 

Critics are saying that the 
United States is in danger of 
beaming* second-class space 

The latest blow is the 
fifteenth postponement of the 
launch of a $37 3 million (£25 
miltion) weather satellite due 
to a leaky oxygen fuel system 
In its Air Force Atlas booster 
rocket— a continuing problem. 

The latest launch was to be 
on September 7. A new date 
mil be set after more tests. 

The 3,7751b satellite is for 
reporting global weather con- 
ditions and pinpointing dis- 
tress signals from aircraft and 

BnQt by RCA, it fo to lift off 
from Vandenberg Air Base in 

From Mohsfo Ali, Washington 
California. It has been delayed 
12 times by technological diffi- 
culties and three times by 
srhfdnHng problem with die 
Air Force. 

In another setback, a 37ft 
Aries booster rocket carrying 
a telescope to the edge of space 
veered off coarse in New 
Mexico on Sunday and was 
destroyed 50 seconds later by 
ground confroBers- 

But Nasa said this failure at 
the White Sands missile 
range, apparently due to hu- 
man error, was not expected to 
delay launches of other Aries 

It was only the third failure 
in 27 flights of the small 
military Mfanteman rocket, 
which Nasa uses for scientific 

Nasa controllers also had to 
destroy a Delta rocket with a 
weather satellite shortly after 

it was hunched from Florida 
on May 3. - 

Meanwhile, Moscow is go- 

fer its first manned space 
shuttle flight Some Western 
experts estimate that this will 
be in early 1988, setting op a 
dose race with the next 
American shuttle mission. 

The Pentagon, however, es- 
timates that the Soviet shuttle 
could be hanched late tills 
year or early next year. 

■ Space Media Network, a 
Swedish group, has just re- 
leased satellite photographs of 
construction work on the shot- 
tie, disclosing what die group 
identifies as “a massive shut- 
tle-recovery runway” ready at 
the Soviet Baikonur complex 
in eastern Kazakhstan. The 
runway is United by road and 
rail to industrial and technical 

US plays down nuclear bomb drop 

From Michael Binyon 

US officials yesterday were 
eager to dampen suggestions 
that the accidental release of a 
hydrogen bomb from a US Air 
Force plane in 1957 could 
have triggered any nuclear 

They pointed out that al- 
though it fell on an air base 
near Albuquerque. New Mex- 

ico,. and the conventional 
explosives inside detonated 
on impact, the bomb had had 
a vital portion of hs trigger 
mechanism removed so that a 
nuclear explosion was impos- 
sible. “There was no danger of 
that,” .a Pentagon spokesman 

.. The conventional explo- 
sion, however, left a 12ft 
crater, and minor radioactive 

contamination was detectedat 
the base, according to docu- 
ments obtained under (be 
Freedom of Information Act 
and published in the Al- 
buquerque Journal 

In 1981 some details of the 
accident were released, show- 
ing that the bomb fell from a 
B36 bomber at 1,700ft en 
route from Texas to New 

llireat to 

Beirut (Reuter) — The Is- 
lamic Jihad (Holy War) 
organization yesterday 
warned against any military 
attempts to free the US and 
French hostages it is holding. 

The warning came in a 
statement delivered in Beirut 
It was accompanied by 
photograph of Mr David 
Jacobsen, a US hostage. . 

Mr Jacobsen, aged 55, the 
administrative director of the 
American University Hospi 
in Beirut is one of three US 
hostages whom the group says 
it bolds, along with three 

The statement said: “We 
warn whoever contemplates 
undertaking any military fool- 
ish act to free the hostages that 
his fate ■ and that of the 
hostages will be much worse 
than that of the US Marines at 
the outskirts of Muslim 

More than 200 US Marines 
of a multinational peacekeep- 
ing force were killed in a 
suicide attack in 1983. 

A previously unknown 
oup, meanwhile, said it had 
dropped an “Iraqi intelli- 
gence agent” in Cyprus, and 
would exchange him in Beirut 
for two anti-government 
Iraqis sent back home by 
France earlier this year. 

. The claim by the “Islamic 
Rafideeo Movement — Hiz- 
boilah Vanguards in Iraq” was 
made in a statement received 
by Beirut’s an-Nahar and as- 

Safir newspapers. 

The Cameroon tragedy 

Death mist chased 
those who fled 

From Gavin Bell, Bamenda, Cameroon 
For those who fled the cloud threat. Thirty-six people died 

of death that erupted from an 
African volcano there was no 

The first scientific inquiry 
into the bizarre tragedy that 
befell more than 1,000 hffi 
fanners fa northern Cameroon 
last week has concluded that 
they were pursued by a ghostly 
river of addic gases. 

Swirifog among them was 
carbon dioxide, which choked 
them to death as they ran. 

Evidence gathered by 
French government scientists 
appears to support assertions 
by local officials that many 
would have s nivi v e d if they 
had remained fo their homes. 

The sequence of events de- 
duced fry the volcanologists 
and chemists, related to The 
Times on their return from the 
disaster area yesterday, paints 
a harrowing picture. 

At 9pm mi August 21, when 
most of the inhabitants woe 
already asleep, the bed of 
Lake Nyos was rent asmider 
by an enormous explosion fo 
the volcano below. 

A huge doad of gas and 
water dnnbed into -the sky, 
and quickly collapsed because 
of its density. Swept by fresh 
winds on the high plateau, ft 
formed a river which crept 
silentiy down the mountain 
towards villages and hamlets 
clustered around the lower 

As the panic-stricken farm- 
ers and their families inn 
blindly into the night, they 
were enveloped by mists that 
burnt and asphyxiated them 

The image was of mustard 
gas rolling across battlefields 
fa the First World War. 

“As soon as they left their 
homes, their chances of sur- 
vival were minimal,” M Fran- 
cois LeGnera, a volcanologist, 

“It would have been like a 
flowing river of gases contain- 
ing sulphur, chlorine and flu- 
orine. But what lolled them 
was carbon dioxide. They 
didn't have a chance, really. 
Death would have been virtu- 
ally instantaneous.” 

He said his team was frying 
to devise a warning system to 
prevent a recurrence of the 

There are about a dozen 
craters scattered throughout 
Cameroon's north-west terri- 
tory which present a similar 

in a similar incident in the 
same mountain range two 
years ago. 

Photographers who flew 
over the area yesterday con- 
firmed earlier reports that the 
effect had been like that of a 
neutron bomb. 

BoD dings in the silent, 
empty villages had been un- 
touched by the horror. The 
dead had been buried, the 
survivors evacuated. 

Only the bloated carcasses 
of more than 2,000 cattle, their 
raised legs rigid in death, 
indicated where the river of 
toxic fumes had passed by. 

There were fears yesterday 
for wildlife in the Knmbi river 
game reserve, 20 miles north- 
east of Lake Nyos. which was 
in the path of the swirifog 
mists. Local officials doubted 
whether many of the protected 

buffalo, antelope and jaguars 
had survived. 

Research is continuing at 
the scene, and several corpses 
were flown to Yaounde yes- 
terday fo the hope that au- 
topsies would reveal farther 

Meanwhile, Isreali doctors 
who joined Mr Shimon Peres, 
the Prime Minister, on a visit 
to Cameroon when the catas- 
trophe became known, are 
treating more than 500 survi- 

About 200 are in a rural 
hospital built for half that 
nnmbers of patients at 
Nkambe, 60 miles up a narrow 
dirt road from Bamenda, die 
provincial cpaitaL The rest are 
in hospital at Wnm, about 40 
utiles up the same road. 

The Israelis and other relief 
teams face enormous diffi- 
culties travelling In the region. 
Two out of three helicopters 
supplied by the Cameroon Air 
Force broke down yesterday. 
Science report, page 14 

Britons given bail 

Madrid — The grandmother 
of an infant who has spent five 
days behind bars. with his 
British mother after her arrest 
in a Costa Del Sol drug raid, 
has arrived fo Malaga to take 
care of the child, informed 
sources said there yesterday 
(Harty Debeiius writes). 

Her arrival came only hours 
after the mother and five other 
Britons were charged with 
drug offences in Fuengirola on 

At that hearing, bail was set 

Peking (Reuter) — The head 
of a state-run tourist holiday 
village has been given a sus- 
pended death sentence for 
taking bribes 87 times. 

Zhou Songnii became head 
of the tourist village near 
Hong Kong in 1980 and took 
bribes totalling more than 

Aide promoted 

Dhaka — President Erahad 
of Bangladesh has appointed 
his closest military aide. Ma- 
|jor-General Muhammad 
Aliqur Rahman, his successor 
as the Army's Chief of Staff! 

Bus crash toll 

Ciudad Real (Reuter) — 
Four passengers were killed 
and 33 injured, including a 
Briton, when a bus carrying 
tourists and migrant workers 
to Barcelona overturned near 
this Spanish town. 

Odd souvenirs 

Sydney (Reuter) — A T-shirt 
displaying the words “Is the 
Pope a Catholic?” is one of 
more than 100 souvenirs of- 
ficially approved for the 
Pope's visit to Australia in 

Lama’s visit 

Delhi (Reuter) — The Dalai 
Lama, spiritual leader of 
Tibetans, begins a fortnight's 
visit to the Soviet Union on 
Sunday, at the invitation of 
the Soviet Buddhist Organiza- 

Heart fails 

Paris (AFP) — Barth&emy 
Musaco, aged 44, who was 
given a heart transplant here 
eight days ago after living for 
several days with an artificial 
heart, died suddenly at the 
Nancy-Brabois hospital 

Snuff ads ban 

Washington (AP) — Tele- 
vision advertising for smoke- 
less tobacco was banned from 
American airwaves because 
too many youngsters were 
taking up the invitation and 
getting hooked on it. A new 
law prohibits all broadcast 
advertising of smokeless to- 
bacco products, such as snuff 
and chewing tobacco. 

Wonder wife 

Franklin, New Jersey (AP) 
— Mrs Nancy Grbac, clad in 
her pyjamas, jumped to the 
rescue of her husband, James, 
when she saw three men 
assaulting him on the street 
below their balcony. Her dar- 
ing dive drove the attackers 

Nuclear talks 

Hong Kong (Reuter) — 
Hong Kong's Governor, Sir 
Edward Youde. said he would 
discuss with Chinese officials 
a proposed nuclear plant to be 
built near the colony during 
his forthcoming Peking Visit. 

at 500,000 pesetas (£2,577) for 
the child's mother. Miss Ja- 
nice Elisabeth Hall and 
200,000 pesetas (£1,031) each 
for Mr Nigel Barry Hughes | MaAiofinn Kill 
and Miss Pauline Ann Honey- 1 iVietliauOH DIU 

No bail was set for the other 

three: Mr - Gill Foster, Mr , 
Michael D Dilkson. Mr David 
Ryan Leedham. 

The child, according to 
police was about 1 year old. 
Sources identified the grand- , 
mother only as Mrs Hall 

Amman (Reuter) — Presi- 
dent Mubarak of Egypt ar- 
rived here for talks with King 
Husain of Jordan on the 
stalled Middle East peace 
process. Mr Mubarak has been 
trying to mediate between the 
King and the PLO leader, Mr 
Yassir Arafat. 

German Opposition fudges anti-cruise policy 

From Frank Johnson 

The Social Democratic 
Party's last fall conference 

the remora! of the 
United States' cruise and Per- 
shing missiles from West Ger- 
man soil 
West Germans 

These motions were welded 

into one resolotioo by a 
commission of party elders. 
The commission’s work sug- 

before theJanuaiy groeral + ** 

OLfinn wm end todav in are stffl m control of the party 

election win end today 
Nuremberg with a potential 
policy crisis ahead. 

The party’s candidate for 
Chancellor, Herr Johannes 
Ran, and his allies in die.' 
leadership, have deliberate^ 
left unclear how big a crisis 
with the United States would 
be caused by the defence 
policy of a Social Democratic 
(SPD) Government. 

Thai there would be a pins 
of some sort is certain — 
perhaps the 

between West Germany and 
the United States since the 
start of the post-war Federal 

Herr Ran. and any govern- 
ment which he led, was 
committed by overwhelming 
vote of the conference to 

Bonn government could sim- 
ply order, the missiles out 
Hardly anyone in foe party 
would advocate that, at least 
sot in the foreseeable f ut ur e. 

Both right and left assume 
that ft wfll be a matter of 
negotetibns. This has. given 
Herr Ran room for manoeuvre. 

The conference agenda was 
fad of motions demanding a 
time limit ou continued pres- 
ence iff cruise and Poshing 
after the election of an SPD- 
led government. 

Some suggested 18 months. 
Others, front party branches 
in such different parts iff the 
country as Cologne in the west 
and Hanover in foe middle of 
Germany, said ft should be 
only six mouths. 

machinery, despite gains made 
by the left since the SPD west 
into opposition in 1982. 

For the resolution, the docu- 
ment eventually passed by the 
conference, linked foe removal 
of the American missiles to the 
reduction iff Soviet SS20s in 
East Germany and Czecho- 
slovakia. • 

And ft merely said that an 
should do 
„ in its power” to 
bring ■ about both desirable ' 

A comparison being made 
by Nato diplomats in Bonn 
was with foe Fhpandreon Gov- 
ernment in Athens, which 
came to power with a pledge to 
get rid of American Nato bases 


in Greece, bases which are still 

Herr Kan’s defence policy 
seems to be a compromise 
between the innermost con- 
victions of the pterions two 
SPD Federal Chancellors; the 
Atlanticist Herr Helmut 
Sdutidt, and foe devout be- 
liever in Ostpolitik , Herr 
Willy Brandt 

Herr Ran seems to share 
neither passion and is mine at 
home in domestic affairs, 
where helms all wedt sounded 
confident and vigorous. 

He managed to sound as if 
Iris party would do something 
abort unemployment without 
sounding too much as if ft 
would involve too much state 
control of foe economy. 

Above all, Herr Ran seems 
convinced Chat the party policy 
on a phased shut-down of tire 
undear power industry is a 

Here his evidence is opinion 

polls over many months, not 
Jut after Chernobyl, which 
show a majority against 
nuclear power. 

Yesterday, in an effort to 
catch up with foe free publicity 
which the proceedings in 
Nerembnrg had won for the 
SPD, foe ruling Christian 
Democrats (CDU) produced a 
press conference with their 
general secretary, Herr 
Heiner Geissler, whose office, 
personality and role in the 
coming campaign are similar 
to those of Mr Norman Tebbit 
in Britain. 

The CDU has covered the 
country with its first election 
poster; a hnge thumbs up sagn 
and foe words “B'efier So, 
Deutschland, ” which broadly 
means “more of foe same, 

The SPD has retaliated 
with the same poster, only 
with the thumb heavily 

Non-Aligned ministers 
catalogue trouble spots 

Harare (Reuter) — Foreign 
ministers of the Non-Aligned 
Movement met yesterday to 
discuss world trouble spots, 
cataloguing the conflicts and 
disputes to be addressed by 
their leaders at next week’s 

Opening the two-day ses- 
sion. Mr Witness Mangwende, 
the Zimbabwean Foreign 
Minister, said that the move- 
ment faced such challenges as 
“hotbeds of conflict” and “the 
unjust and inequitable world 
economic order”. 

He touched on the Middle 
EasL Nicaragua, southern AT 
rica, .Cambodia. North and 
South Korea, the Gulf War, 
US-Soviet rivalry. Third 
World debt and international 
disarmament — all subjects of 
a “Harare declaration” to be 
agreed at the summit. 

He appealed to Iran and 
Iraq to end “the tragic and 

fratricidal conflict involving 
two most important members 
of the Non-Aligned Mov- 

Bui delegates said that they 
doubted the conference would 
make any material progress in 
settling the six-year-old 

Mr Mangwende attacked 
the United States for having 
supported rebels in Nicaragua. 
Managua is making a bid to 
play host to the 1989 summit 
and chair the movement after 
Zimbabwe, which takes over 
from India next week. 

Turning to southern Africa, 
the central topic of the meet- 
ing. he castigated Pretoria for 
its race policies. “We are 
silting on a time-bomb,” he 
said, and appealed to the US, 
Britain and West Germany to 
stop resisting economic sanc- 
tions against South Africa. 



The lessons of Chernobyl 

Russians better prepared than 
Britain for nuclear emergency 

From Pearce Wright, Science Editor* Vienna 

Emergency arrangements in 
Britain to cope with serious 
nuclear power accidents are 
not as efficient as those in the 
Soviet Union. 

That is the view of British 
experts at a conference here on 
the Chernobyl nuclear ac- 
cident in ApriL 

The assessment came after a 
meeting of one of four special- 
ist working groups which are 
being given more details of the 
evacuation operation, de- 
contamination and health ef- 
fects of the disaster. 

A technical delegation from 
the Soviet Union has pre- 
sented a report on the ac- 
cident. The working groups 
are meeting-in dosed sessions, 
at which the Russians are 
discussing the sequence of the 
accident, the plant design and 
its safety arrangements. 

The speed with which the 
Soviet Union put a special 
civil defence rescue plan into 
operation has impressed Wes- 
tern experts. 

But Dr Morris Rosen, direc- 
tor of the International 
Atomic Energy Agency di- 
vision of nudear safety, said it 
was “regrettable" that it was 
two days before the West 

learnt of the accident He also 
mentioned that Soviet 
authorities had said that the 
reactor was “under control" 
even though there was no 
reactor left 

But in describing the stages 
of the evacuation, the Soviet 
Union has also replied to 
criticisms that health effects 
could have been made worse 

Eleven ships which win serve 
as floating hostels for workers 
involved in the Chernobyl 

population of 90,000 in tbe 
18. 5-mile zone around Cher- 
nobyl which remains in quar- 
antine. But all children were 
evacuated immediatdy from 
the town and from the rural 
zone to schools, nurseries and 

Soviet doctors say that all 
children will be reunited with 
their parents by the early part 

ter reports from Moscow). The 
convoy also includes a ship 
carrying drinking watex, a 

dean-op operation are sailing water treatment vessel and a 
to the area, Pravda said (Reu- floating shop. 

by a delay of 36 hours before 
the evacuation. 

They said that the first 
emission was blown, fortu- 
nately, to the westerly side of 
the town of PripyaL But the' 
local population was warned 
immediately to stay indoors 
and to take tbe iodine tablets 
distributed to every home by 
the Komsomol (Communist 
Youth League). 

When the evacuation by bus 
began the entire 45,000 
population of Pripyat was 
moved in under three hours. 

There was a second stage of 
evacuation, for the rural 

of next week; but they report 
that some have suffered seri- 
ous psychological trauma and 
required treatment 

After learning of the evacua- 
tion measures, a British 
specialist said: “The emer- 
gency arrangements have 
dearly been exercised more 
than once. Unfortunately, lo- 
cal authorities in the UK do 
not like practical exercises of 
this sort." 

In the light of the lessons 
from Chernobyl, emergency 
preparations in Britain are 
under review. 

On the design side, the 
Russians e xp ressed confi- 
dence in modifications being 
made to tbe RBMK reactors 
involved in the accident at 

This was a response to 
criticisms by American ex- 
perts that Soviet measures 
were insoifirienL 

Mr Armen Abaxyan, direc- 
tor of the Nodar Power 
Station Institute at the Min- 
istry of Energy and Electrifica- 
tion in Moscow, said: “The 
safety of tbe RBMK reactors is 
absolutely guaranteed. 

“We are interested in it 
ourselves more than anyone 
else: These reactors are situ- 
ated in our country, where we 
live, where our children and 
grandchildren are going to 
five. Do you rally think we 
will allow the operation of 
reactors which can repeat the 
same story?" 

The modifications by tbe 
Soviet authorities have shot 
down about half of the 27 
other nudear reactors of the 
Chernobyl type to make it 
impossible for operators to 
interfere with safety systems. 

Leading article, page 13 

Lithuanian plant more dangerous, say Swedes 

Stockholm (Reuter) - A 
nudear reactor in Soviet 
Lithuania being run at 1 50 per 
cent of capacity is even more 
unsafe than the Chernobyl 
plant, a report by Swedish 
atomic energy experts said 
yesterday. : 

The study by tbe Swedish 
State Power Board showed 
that safety margins at the giant 
Ignalina plant were even 
smaller than those at 

It said the plant, built at a 

capacity of 1,000 megawatts, 
was now being run at 1,500 
after changes were made in the 
fuel elements. The alterations, 
it added, would make it more 
difficult to ensure continuous 
cooling of the reactor core. 

Mr Hans Bartsch, a power 
board expert, said yesterday 
that if tbe temperature in the 
core were allowed to rise out 
of control the seals around 
fad elements could melt, 
causing big radioactive leaks. 

“It is worrisome to note that 

the Ignalina reactor is balanc- 
ing between instability and 
static burn-out, risking dam- 
age to the fuel, ar| d emission s 
of large quantities of fission- 
able products," the report 

Mr Bartsch said “burn-out” 
referred to the process where 
nudear reaction in Ignalina- 
type plants would be speeded 
up if the cooling water vapor- 
ited into steam. 

Power board officials said 

they had studied the Tgnalina 
reactor, on the southern shore 
of the Baltic, very dosely since 
the Chernobyl disaster be- 
cause of its proximity to 

The plant, which opened in 
1983, is of the same design as 
the Chernobyl reactor. 

Officials at tbe Swedish 
Defence Research Institute 
said they had on six occasions 
monitorci small radioactive 

leaks from Ignalina. 

Former French paratroopers 
and Foreign Legionnaires 
form a guard of honour at tbe 
funeral at La Seyne-sar-Mer, 
near Toafon, yesterday of four 
right-wing extremists blown 
op by then- own bomb. 

About 500 people, including 
nufitants of the aatMm- 
migrant SOS France organiza- 
tion, to wind the four men 
belonged, were present 

A message to “my com- 
rades" from M Bernard 
Bagnr, a member of SOS 
France and president of tbe 
ex-paratroopers dub, was read 
at the graveside. It declared: 
“Your batik is oars. We will 
continue it" 

M Bagnr, charged last week 
with illegal possession of 
arms, pleaded health reasons 
for his absence from the 
funeral, which was of the 
founder of SOS France, 
Claude NoMia, and three of 
his followers. 

Warsaw fire destroys 
UK print equipment 

From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

High life 
chefs meet 
to show off 
their skills 

From David Bonavia 

Hong Kong 

The Official Secrets Act 
debars the personal chef of 
Prince Charles and Princess 
Duma from dfecnssiag their 
tastes. Mr Cnham NewboaU, 
here that it wwM be “mere 
than his job was worth" to 
disnss the royal ample's 
p refere nc es. 

However, Mr Henry Halier, 
President Reagan's chef, says 
that he and the Flrai Lady me 
very moderate in their dnak- 
Lag habits: just a glass of wine 
from time to date. 

The guardians of the ap- 
petites of the rich and famous 
have gathered in How Kong 
to compare their skfik and 
show Iran off to the jmbfic of 

ist mecca. in raeirxaparity as 
members of the exclusive Club 
des Chefs. 

The senior arbiter of taste- 
buds is M Marcel k Serrat, 
chief gamier to the presi- 
dents of France since 1974. 

The gathering indudes the 

A fire that swept through 
Warsaw's main printing house 
has destroyed millions of 
pounds worth of British-made 
computer composition equip- 
ment that was to revolutionize 
Poland’s newspaper industry. 

The laser-based photocom- 
position equipment was 
locked away in a corner of the 
Dom Slowa Polskiego printing 
centre, which produces several 
weeklies, about 30 colour 
magazines and many books. 

The fire broke out on 
Saturday afternoon, prac- 
tically the only time in the 
week that the building is 
deserted. A strong wind 
.fanned the blaze. 

Some 46 fire engines rushed 

to the scene, only to find that 
there was no water in the 
hydrants. Mobile water tank- 
era were summoned but the 
fire continued until well into 
Sunday morning. 

The printing house was the 
target of an arson attack in 
1973. and special safeguards 
were added during the recon- 

The odd thing about the 
latest blaze is that the photo- 
composition department, the 
least vulnerable to fire, was 
the only one to be destroyed. 
The rest of the building is full 
of solvents, paint, ink and 

The losses amount to about 
£4.7 million. 

King Juan Carlos ofSpain, the 
President of Italy, Prince 
Rainier of Monaco, the Em- 
peror Hirohho of Japan and 
King Husain of Jordan. 

Mr HaBer, who is of Swiss 
origin, mud President Reagu 
likes Americanized Chinese 
food from time to time, while 
Mrs Reagan’s hmmrite treat 
is Italian pasta. 

Hong Kong's reputation a$ a 
centre of European orisfoe ia 
the Far East is not very high, 
but for exnflent Chinese food 
it is second mriy to Taiwan. 

The premier European chefs 
will have the opportunity to try 
several regional variants if 
they m e n ot too busy w it h their 




Canada cute bndget deficit 

Target for 1987 
remains elusive 

From John Best, Ottawa 

325% MORE 



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guarantees you 3.25% more than our Share 
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You can have this high annual interest re- 
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You are still free, of course, to withdraw 
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like all good investment opportunities, 
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Canada's budget deficit has 
been reduced for the firet time 
in six years, while federal 
spending has been cut for tbe 
first time in four decades. 

A tally released here fry the 
Conservative Government 
shows that the deficit in the 
‘ 1985-86 fiscal-year, which 
ended March *31, was 
SCan34.5 billion (about £17 
billion), compared with 
$Can38.3 billion the previous 

The decline was within 
SCan300 million of the target 
reduction set by Mr Michael 
Wilson, the Finance Minister, 
in his February 26 budget, and 
the first year-over-year drop 
since 1979-80. 

Mr Wilson, however, is not 
yet able to proclaim total 
victory in his drive to bring 
the. deficit under controL He 
admitted in St John's. 
Newfoundland, where the 
Cabinet committee on plan- 
ning and priorities is meeting, 
that there has been “some 
slippage" from his budget-day 
projection of a $Can29.5 bil- 
lion deficit for the present 
fiscal year. 1986-87. 

Some press reports have 

suggested that the Govern- 
ment will actually miss this 
Year's target by $Can2 billion. 
A slippage of such magnitude 
would practically wipe out any 
--hope. -of achieving the 
Government^ long-term ob- 
,-jective of a •$Chn22 billion 
deficit in 1990-91. 

Mr Wilson's calculations 
have been upset in recent 
months by the collapse of 
world oil and grain prices, 
which has cut into the tax 
revenues hecxpectedto derive 
from western Canadian pro- 

Mr Wilson attributed last 
year's commendable fiscal 
performance to a “tough, 
disciplined" approach to 

Total spending, excluding 
public debt charges, fell from 
SCan88.S billion to $Can86 
billion. However, the figures 
show that an increase in 
personal income tax collec- 
tions also helped to bring the 
deficit down. This in turn 
reflected an improved job- 
creation picture last year, 
when jobless percentages 
dropped from more than II 
per cent to less than 10 per 

Left presses Lange to 
halt economic reform 

From Richard Long, Wellington 

j To: Dept B.5.6., Abbey National Building Society, FREEPOST, 20 1 Grafcon Gate East, | 

| I/Wfe enclose a cheque For iL. ro be invested in a Gilt-Edged Bondshare | 

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Mr David Lange, tbe New 
Zealand Prime Minister, en- 
ters his party's annual con- 
ference here today under 
pressure from the Labour left, 
who want to toughen his 
Government's- anti-nuclear 
policies and stall its free- 
rnarket economic reforms. 

Previously placated by the 
Government's adventurous 
foreign policy, the left-wing 
factions - are now showing 
signs of breaking the unofficial 
trade-off and rallying to slow 
the pace of economic reform. 

One sign of this was a 
. meeting last night by party 
activists seeking to consoli- 
date opposition to economic 
policy and to clip the wings of 
Mr Roger Douglas, the Fi- 
nance Minister, by opposing 
privatization and moves to 
free thc-labour market 

Another example is con- 
tained in ihe conference re- 
mits, where delegates will 
debate demands for a prices 
and incomes policy, a man- 
aged float of the dollar instead 
of the present free float and an 
end to economic deregulation. 

And even though the 
Government's anti-nuclear 
policies have brought a prickly 
response -from Washington 
and New Zealand's suspen- 
sion from the Anzus alliance, 
the activists are for from 

They are promoting calls for 
the anti-nuclear legislation to 
be toughened. They want the 
nudear- free zone, from which 
nuclear-powered and armed 
ships will be banned, to be 
extended to New Zealand's 
12-mile territorial limit. They 
are also seeking a clause in the 
ami-nudear legislation that 
would oblige the Prime Min- 
ister to make public the ma- 
terial which Jte would use to 
assess whether a ship was 

Another resolution, which 
appears to have wide support, 
is a demand for the Govern- 
ment to withdraw from all 
alliances with nuclear powers. 
Such a move, if carried by the 
conference and implemented 
by . the Government, would 
.mean an end lo New 
Zealand's participation in the 
five-power agreement with 
Britain. Australia. Singapore 
and Malaysia. 

• Nudear whiten The Gov- 
ernment will use part of the 
compensation paid by France 
for tiie sabotage of the Rain- 
bow Warrior to fund research 
into , “nudear winter". Mr 
Lange, said yesterday (AP 
reports). . , ... 

disbursement of the rest of 
the compensation is to be 
announced next week. 

Turkey honours ex-President 

[ _• ___ 



Ankara — A slate funeral 
was held here yesterday for 
Cclal Bayar. Turkey’s third 
President, who died ofa heart 
attack in Istanbul last Friday 
at the age of 104 (Rash 
Gurdilck writes). 

President Evrcn. MrTurgut 
Gzal. • the Prime Minister, 
senior offidals and foreign 

diplomats walked tv several 
niiles behind the coffin, which 
was on a gun carriage pulled 
by War CoIlese'5Uidems.r : 

Mr Bayar's stormy career 
was punctuated by a nafpow 
escape from the gallpws jJUT 
an Army coup in 1 960,'HefW». 
reprieved on grounded 


i aLGUSi Zy i >00 

.vi tor 

un:is elust 



Come 4>00th in this competition 

, /■ < ■ i A 

oil win a Concorde holiday 

just imagine what the 1st prize is. 

Its Concorde’s lOh birthday. And to 
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Between the beginningof September and 
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over 300 prizes. 

Even if you come 300t you’ll still win 
a Concorde holiday fbtwo in Miami 

Golden sandy beshes, palm tree 
groves, warm turquoise>ea. 

Miami is one of thebw good reasons 


for getting off Concord< 

We’ll be giving aviy five of these 
wonderful holidays evcy single day for 
two months. 

Of course, you’ll staas our guests in a 
luxurious hotel. And i the time you’re 
soaking up the Floridii sun, you’ll have 
the supersonic Concoie flight home to 
look forward to. 

Every week, a year’s limited travel for 
two on British Airays to be won. 

If you win om of these weekly 
runners-up prizes, fire’s absolutely no 
limit to the number c~ times you — and a 
partner of your chce — can fly Super 
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haven’t visited. 

And as if that wasn’t enough we’ll also 
throw in a round trip on Concorde. 

First prize: A Concorde for a da y. 

Your very own Concorde awaits your 
pleasure. But when? 

Perhaps you should reserve it for your 
wifes or husband’s birthday, invite all 
their friends and give them the ultimate 
surprise party. 

Or imagine a supersonic, champagne 
wedding reception, 10 miles high! 

You can choose from dozens of des- 
tinations. Venice in the spring, Nice in the 
summer or the Azores in the autumn? 
Wherever, whenever, you’ll never forget 
the day Concorde was all yours. 

How to enter The Concorde Challeng e. 

You can enter every time you fly with 
us during September or October. See your 
travel agent for details. 

The Concorde Challenge tests your 
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The worlds favourite airline 




South Korea’s Cabinet reshuffle 

Chun bows to demands 
for movement towards 
democratic freedoms 

From David Watts, Seoul 

South Korea's new Cabinet 
line-up indicates that Presi- 
dent Chun Doo Hwan is 
taking seriously opposition 
demands for more democ- 
ratization and its criticism of 
recent trade concessions to the 
United States. 

But perhaps of equal im- 
portance is the replacement of 
the President's senior political 
secretary, Mr Huh Moon Doh, 
who was thought to have a 
strong conservative influence 
on his judgements. 

The concessions, which 
concern greater access in 
South Korea to American 
cigarette and insurance com- 
panies, and the protection of 
intellectual property rights, 
seem to have brought about 
the replacement of the Trade 
Minister. Mr Kum Jin Ho. 

Trade problems with the 

President Chun: replaced his 
conservative secretary. 

US, beginning last autumn 
when anti-dumping duties 
were imposed on South Ko- 
rean photograph albums, trig- 
gered a pervasive anti- 
Americanism among younger 

New line-up in Seoul 

The new Cabinet is: Prime 
Minister Lho Shin Yang, Dep- 
uty Prime Minister and bead of 
die Economic Planning Board 
Kim Mahn Je. Foreign Oioi 
Kwang Soo, Interior Kim 
Chong Hoh, Finance Chung In 
Yong, Justice Kim Sung Ky, 
Defence Lee Ki Pack, Education 
Sohn Jai Souk, Sports Lee Sei 
Kee. Agriculture and Fisheries 
Hwang In Sung, Trade and 
Industry Rha Woong Dae, En- 
ergy and Resources Choi Chang 
Nak. Construction Lee Kyu 

Hyo. Health and Social Affairs 
Rhee Hai Won, Labour Lee Hun 
Kee, Transport Qia Kyu Hon, 
Communications Lee Dae Soon, 
Culture and Information Lee 
Woong Hee, Government 
Administration Chung Kwan 
Yong, Science and Technology 
Lee Tae Sup. Unification Huh 
Moon Doh, Minister of Stale 
for Political Affairs Chung Jae 
Chid, Office of Legislation Lee 
Yang Woo, Patriots and 
Veterans' Agency Kim Kun 

Koreans which is of concern 
even to Tokyo. 

Many South Koreans feel 
that they are being made to 
pay the price for what are 
essentially Japan esc- Ameri- 
can trade problems. 

As the booming economy 
moves towards 10 per cent 
growth this year, its economic 
mastermind, Mr Kim Mahn 
Je. has been retained, as has 
the Prime Minister, Mr Lho 
Shin Yong. 

The unexpected departure 
of the Foreign Minister, Mr 
Lee Won Kyung, was appar- 
ently at his own request and 
does not reflea dissatisfaction 
with his performance. 

The Cabinet is billed by the 
Government as one that will 
prepare for an "historical 
turning point” in the country's 
political development The 
turning point is the transfer of 
power from President Chun in 
1988 and the adoption of a 
new style of government 

The Government recently 
laid its proposals before the 
National Assembly, calling for 
a system with a strong prime 
minister and a president with 
Iesspower than at present 

The opposition is sticking to 
its demand for a popularly- 
elected president, rearing that 
under the Government’s pro- 
posals real power would re- 
main with the president 

Women members of die opposition Pakistan People's Party demonstrating in Old 
detention of political activists, including the party’s leader, IV 

Karachi, against the wholesale 
Benazir Bhutto. 

Military to try general over Lina jail deaths 

Jma (Renter) — An Army General Rabanal led the Military judici authorities The interior Ministry s 

Lima (Renter) — An Army 
general will be tried by a 
military rather than a civilian 
court for his alleged involve- 
ment in the bloody sup- 
pression of a guerrilla mutiny 
in a Lima prison, a civilian 
judicial spokesman said yes- 

He said the Supreme Court 
ruled that General 1 Jorge 
Rabanal would be tried by a 
military court after the' ami-, 
lary action which cost 124 
lives at Lurigancho jail on 
June 18 and 19. 

General Rabanal led the 
operation to quell the rebel- 
lion by susponed Sendero 
Luminoso (Sinning Path) 
guerrillas. President Garcia 
says at least 100 of the inmates 
were executed after they 
surrendered, in what be 
termed "a horrible crime”. 

A civilian prosecutor had 
asked to try General Rabanal 
for murder, a charge carrying 
Peru's maximum penalty of 
25 years in jafl. Human rights 
groups had also pressed for a 
civilian court triaL 

Military judici authorities 
would not comma on what 
charges they hai brought 
against General RSanal, say- 
ing the processivas con- 
fidential. I 

The ruling m a split 
decision by t« Supreme 
Court's five-maiftcond sec- 
tion. the judici #pokesman 
said. Four judg.<*voted that 
the military ha Jurisdiction 
to try General Ibanal. The 
remaining jud* dissented, 
saying civilian fldges should 
handle the trrai J 

The Interior Ministry says 
that members of the Repub- 
lican Guard paramilitary po- 
lice who have been detained in 
connection with the killing* 
face charges to be brought by a 
military tribunal. But it has 
not specified what charges the 
detained police, headed by 
Colonel Rolando Cabezas^ 
will be tried on. 

It was not immediately dear 
yesterday if the Supreme 
Court ruling meant that their 
cases would only be tried by 
military judges. 

US denies 
aid to UN 



The US action comes alter 
vigorous febbying here by 
anti-aborfidi activists and 
others hostile to China's 
population Policies. 

Senator lesse Helms, a 
conservative Republican, has 
repeatedly Mid up US ambas- 
sadorial appointments until 
he was given guarantees that 
the Administration would not 

he was given guarantees that 
the Administration would not 
support the] UN agency’* 

For the mst two years 
Congress has! forbidden tire 
US Agency for International 
Development ip contribute to 
the UN ag en<w if it is still 
helping abortion. Last year the 
US held back $J0 million... 

This year the Administra- 
tion deeded coercion was still 
being used in .China, even 
Ahougfr the Chinese Govern- 
ment said such activities were 
not its official policy. 



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from both sides 

From Michael Hamfyn, Colombo 

The delicate but laboured 
peace negotiations in Sri 
Lanka, the current round of 
which aids today, will strike 
two main obstacles shortly. 

The first Is the attitude of 
the Tantil militant g roups 
based in Madras in south 

The second Is the hostility 
being engineered by the Sri 
Lankan opposition party led 
by Mrs Snimavo Baadara- 
natke, . the • former prime 

Mrs Bandaranaflce and her 
son, Anna, are conducting' a' 
mmp Ri gn aroand tire Sinha- 
lese strongholds of the coun- 
try, d echoing that the Sfrihala 
Buddhist tradition is en- 
dangered by the peace pro- 
posals put forward by the 
Government if President 

The Government is chal- 
lenging her to say what her 
alternative might be, and has 
just annonneed Its acceptance 
of her invitation to debate the 
subject (m television. 

But she will not reveal her 
ideas, saying simply that the 
Government mast bold an 
election on the issue; when she 
is dnly re-elected to power, 
that she will produce her jdan. 

Mrs Bandaranaflce (who 
this week also declined to meet 
The Times) is seeking help 
from two very disparate 

The first is the Buddhist 
dergy. The second is the left- 
ring revolutionary party, the 
VP (for Janatha Yimnkti 
Peramuna, or People's Libera- 
tion Front) which,', a decade 
ago, conducted an armed in- 
surrection against hw rule. 

Government somxes are try- 
ing to play down the present- 
day importance of the 
Buddhist clergy, pointing out 
that the almost universal 
spread or literacy, and the 
huge growth in both u ni v e rs i t y 
education and overseas travel, 
have very much diminished 
their influence in the villages. 

At die same dim Mr Jaye- 
wardene and his ministers are 
spending tune themselves on 
winning over the deny, and 

on a series *of public meetings 
of their own, to dispel someof 
the strongly-held fears of the 
Sinhala community. 

“They beffeve, for example, 
that we areiphuuung to give 
away two-thirds of the coast- 
line to Tamil control, Oat the 
Tamils w3L open the flood- 
gates to immigration from 
sough India and tint we shall 
become a minority in oar own 
country,” one minister said. 

. "They are, to some extort 
reassured when they hear 
what we are actually pro- 

When tins week’s round of 
negotiations ends, the focus 
wifi more back to India, where 
progress so far will be pre- 
sented by the negotiators of 
the Tantil United Liberation 
Front (Toll) first to tike Indian 
Government, and then to the 
Tamil guerrilla groups. 

The Tuff delegates are very 
anxious for the militants to 
become involved in the nego- 
tiations at this stage. To that 
end they are unwilling^ to 
complete anything that looks 
like a package of proposals, 
which could be rejected out of 
hand by the (praps. 

They are unlikely to sign 
today any document that out- 
lines agreements that may 
have hero reached. 

They are also nnwiDhig to 
try to negotiate anything other 
than the complete unity of the 
Tamil-dominated northern 
and eastern provinces, prefer- 
ring to leave that particular 
piece of yielding or otherwise 
to the hard men of tire armed 

The Sri Lankan Govern- 
ment, on the other hand, will 
be very anxious to have some 
kind of signature, if only to 
avoid having to repeat the 
wearisome detailed negotia- 
tions of the past few weeks, 

• ZURICH: Swissair wfll 
suspend its twice-weekly 
flights to Colombo from the 
end of March next year in 
response to a sharp drop fo 
traffic, apparently provoked 
by guerrilla violence hi Sri 
Lanka (Reuter reports). 

Leading article, page 13 

Falklands I Nakasone 

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ship hit by 

Taipei (Reuter) - The for- 
mer passenger finer, Uganda, 
which was used as a hospital 
ship by Britain during the 
Falklands war, is lying on its 
side in southern Taiwan after 
being battered by a typhoon. 

A spokesman for the ship's 
owner said yesterday flat the 
vessel now known as the 
riton, was swamped by 
eavy seas after bring blown 
ver by Typhoon Wayne. 

He said the lZ261-ton ship j 
"3 been waiting to be i 
apped in the southern port ! 

Meanwhile, Typhoon Vera 
t across China and South 
rea yesterday, killing at ! 
®st 13 people and leaving i 
■jusands homeless. 

Bouth Korean relief officials 
■d the tourist island ofCheju 
B badly hit, with tidal waves 
■rroying homes and break- 
■ers and damaging port and 
Bation facilities. 

B Peking, the New China 
Bs Agency said seven peo- 
Brere killed by the typhoon 

set to keep 

Tokyo (Reuter) — The Japa- 
nese Prune Minister, Mr 
Yasuhiro Nakasone. fresh 
from a landslide general elec- 
tion victory in July, yesterday 
won a virtual assurance that 
he would remain in office after 
his term as party leader ex- 

J iires in October, a spokesman 
or Japan's ruling Libera] 
Democratic Party (LDP) said.. 

The party's Research 
Commission on Fundamental 
Problems, which represents 
the. LDP’s five factions, agreed 
to extend Mr Nakasone’s sec- 
ond two-year term as LDP 
president, which ends on 
October 30. The post carries 
with it the premiership be- 
cause of the party's par- 
liamentary majority. 

The decision is subject to 
endorsement by the party's 
executive board. The commis- 
sion failed to decide on the 
length of tire extension, with 
opinions ranging from two 
months to one year, and .cnr 
whether or not to revise party 
rules which ban re-election far 
a third consecutive term, a ... 


>-,! ^id 


i __Motoring by Clifford Webb 

Stamping out the write-off rackets 



Officials from the Depan- 
mem of Transport's Dnvers 
and Vehicle Licensing Gemre 
at Swansea will be meeting 
representatives of the major 
insurance companies shortly 
to try to hall the growing 
misuse of insurance "write- 

The move is long overdue. 
Since the practice of stamping 
the Old log book to show that a 
car had been written off was 
discontinued several years 
ago. repair "cowboys" and 
professional car thieves have 
been having a balL 

The present voluntary sys- 
tem, under which the insur- 
ance companies notify 
Swansea when a car has been 
written off, places too much 
reliance on the cooperation of 
the insurers and an over- 
worked police force. 

According to reliable 
sources at Swansea the vast! 
majority of insurance com/ 
panies co-operate wholof 
heartedly, but there are lapses 
which mean that Swansea’s 
records are not infallible, f 

A second weakness is/the 
way the system is poVcetL 


Toryote Supra: Narrowing the gap on Porsche. 

Porsche’s use of over4aige 
rear wheel arches. It is a 
considerable advance on the 
“point and squirt" era, but 
still falls short of the latest 
European standard. The gap is 
dosing, but Porsche still sets 
the target for others to aim for. 

But for drivers wanting 
macho 2+2 transport allied to 
very comprehensive equip- 
ment, including air condition- 
ing, anti-lock brakes and a 
high performance audio sys- 
tem as standard, the Supra's 
price of £15,298 will take 
some beating. 

1915 B POUJ COUPE S Orty 1X800 miles, trashed n trtue. 

rnnaaftte £4,795 

1988 c golf c 5JOO Ms. tnsted »i name Nut as m .. _ £4595 

T98S B VW JETTA 6U 9.000 mfcs. ate grey, many extras €6595 

1586 C VW SC1H OCCO B T 8 IDO irries. rasnaotara £6595 

1986 C AUDI 88 SP0BT 3278 rules, h rashed m Zermm snwr. as 

new ......£8595 

1986 C AUDI QUATTR0 Tornado red. showoom mraMnn. as mrBOSaa 

Be ahead of the pack.^^^yBBll 

Speak to the NEW and USED Jaguar Specialists. 

Davenport Vernon mzlton keynes Teh (osos) 79311 




100 York Road, SW11 
01 223 4068 
01 228 6444 

Vital Statistics 

Model: Toyota Supra 

Print- -r is 10 a 



Price £15,298 

Engine 2954a: 6-cylinder 

Performance 0-60mph 8 sec- 
onds, max speed I38mph 
OffiriaJ consumption: Urban 
21.6mpg, 56mph 36.7mpgand 
75roph 29.7mpg 
Length: 152 feet 
Insurance Group 8 

88 C 88 QtUTTRO 

Graphite £10550 


Urc We — £13558 


Red £1X400 

•6 0 288 OUATTBO 

85 C 9) QUATTRO 

Mn red Ml 

2500 m its E&JSSB 


fuB spec with (anther. 

34.000 mries £12554 


Eumdttnng. School Road. 

Uwnif. Avhfcrd. ken l - 

Tel i»5?H 2141 , 


Roadster 1972 

33500 rrdes. Gray vrati rad 
ieate. Kstory Onpul 
cone® on £16550 

E-TYPE 4 *2 

Rffiihtar 1068 

2&S00 nries. wme win Mack 

rwa £10550 


Tet 0767260870 

928 S 

LaNE MeDbcSmBM/- 
M* hamor arm hm» 5 DU 
tasnamm Bkmkiows. 
seats (Tutors etc A* cona 
Cane control Un anmn 
48 000 n* FSH Good 
perioral Hag Mo Taxao 

px Puss**- .£16.750 

0634 685 647 


1984 B 230 GE 

4x4. Manual. 1 
owner FSH, 
13,000+ mis, silver, 
1st offer around 
£ 10,000 

3.3 TURBO 



08 0703 39844 (1) 

0203 56325 

When an approach is made to 
re-licence a car regist c/fed as 
written off Swansea Notifies 
the local police who nay or 
may not follow up win inter- 
views, depending cn their 
workload. / 

-The Vehicle Binders and 
Repairers Association 
(VBRA), which represents the 
cream of the coumy’s body 
repair specialists, /s pressing 
the Department q Transport 
to resume the old practice of 
endorsing vehiclaregistraiion 
documents. In dal way die 
burden of cheering passes 
from the police t/ihe buyer. It 
would then be 1 question of 
educating the notorist to in- 

r ^ «*■ siveiy equipped and a couple j ng to get as many bites of the 

new Toyota Supra is a of hundred pounds cheaper publicity cherry as possible is 
Evance on its rather than a Porsche 924S? The Audi The up-market Volks- 

stst on seeing 
meats before b 

- rtth sii 

doubt, arrap 
dependent en 
The issue 

however,, by 
two types of v 

two types of 
car is const 

SuS Road test: 

”"b«ry Toyota Snpra 

PTSssfog The new Toyota Supra is a 
raosport big advance on its rather 
actice of cumbersome predecessor. On 
istraiion paper its constituent parts — 
way die from the very slippery look- 
■ passes ing body to the big 200hp 3- 
buyer. It litre engine and expensively 
suon of engineered suspension — 
rio toast to in- should make this latest Japa- 
r car's docu- nese “super car” a match for 
iwing and, if in the Porsche. In the flesh, 
jffi for an in- however, it still manag es to 
peer’s report miss the marie, although it is 
r complicated, difficult to pinpoint any actual 
te existence of weaknesses. 

when a Handling and road-boldine 
sd too old for 

Audi 80: Tempting waakf-be buyers. 

Shut”. Alter- tion to the usual adjustments 
ty professional to steering wheel and seat, an 
a write-off and electrically-powered system 
Lr to match its for varying side and rear 
support to the lower back. 

So why do I still hesitate 
icf* about its potential as a 

Porsche beater, when the 
C|tiTirit Supra is more comprehen- 
OUJJ141. siveiy equipped and a couple 

New Audi 80 



MVATE Ml t 1085 VW CTi 
coni. 16.000 mis HH/bUA 
hood. Full Mark leather un. far 
lory fiiuvA Alloy whorls. 
M«n*. Hereo. r/lock. FSH l 
laey ww tram new £7. 095 
No dnMerv TH OI 99MUM 

“Cut and Shut”. Alter- 
natively, highly professional 
car thieves buy a write-off and 
then steal a car to match its 

So many new cars have just 
been launched, are about to be 
launched or are being 
“officially” leaked as in the 
pipeline, that one wonders 
whether the days of the good 
old wfaam-bam, once-only 
launch of a hitherto secret 
model will ever return. 

The latest manufacturer try- 

1944 B JUIOI tOO CO Sseonfl Soon 
to" a» mS 11000 mfcOLHS. 

19M 8 VW PASSAT GlS tom AdB 
rento o«* ... . . MS. 

note Ml ltd. 1 8000 Wsriiai 

Mon Now noMl to stock 

SOU cn Whll#. SS. W.OOO Mv 
fwrllml condiUen. 1 owner, 
quad Nerve. tlwu. 1 / roof 
Usual mm £5.993 io» 021- 
3644326 or )hl OB645-7B185 


1984 Pnvate registration 
avatiaoie. Finished n onrmosa 
yaoow. One of a thousand 
ever maoe Back wnyl root. 
Factory Fitted sunroof All 
usual rehnements. £16500 
Bargan. Going atxoao forces 

TbLH202 760370 

1961 Metallic Black 
with full Mack leather. 
34.000 mites with 
FSH. Superb 

El 9,935 

Teh 01 451 6000 T 

•44 MetollN- pMd. Bray inimnr 
•‘Vnvj SunroM. PDM Service , 
htuon- hrv. l>m 37O0Omb I 
£12. SCO Trl. OSM H2J652 

500 SEC A Reg. Cvpess Uetaf- I 
kc with Bage mce AjC. Elmne ! 
»3u. FSH. Alloys. Migntami 


2M 5E Y Rea Cnamtagw with 

B'W ml. ESR. iyi. FSH 1 

Owner As new CUL995 

198E AUTO 81 Sever Bbe ESR 

HUVW ABoys. SlEieo CMS5 
.SunOS ReC 44 00Q mts FSH. 
Slew As new £15595 

92B J. 1*>R1. aul«. Blur. Crrwn 
1 MI 1 M mm. rWinr mikiooi/ 
yjk. Ji rton d. rvrrflmi voodi 

lion. St OOO imln Pmnlrulc 

Cl 3<NM TH iDTSSei 7B733 

Tel: 0602 70555S 

Coated Steve Stratton 
Ta 1789 284477 

w OOLF an :i4bb. b I 

Burk. Fun BBS IPOUcr kil and , 
whrrts. SunroM. Pi uiwf ilr 
rro. 24.000 mu. OJso T« 



answer has to be refinement 
and agility. 

The Porsche instils a feeling 
of great confidence at high 
speed. The steering is precise 
and the car well balanced. On 
the other hand the Supra feels 
what it is — big and heavy. 
Driven in a straight line or 
around fast sweeping bends it 
behaves welL Throw it about 
on winding country roads and 
there is a rack of precision. 

The new in-line six-cylinder 

even minor) repairs to be 
economic; and when a 
comparative!, young car has 
been so seWefy damaged in 
an accident pat it is consid- 
ered unsafe b repair. 

The formr frequently find 
their way brk on to the road 
with bodgetirepairs which not 
only threat® the lives of those 
who ride iahem, but all other 
road usersJ 

The sarerely damaged 
younger par offers two 
opportuniles to the un- 
scrupuloiJ. The best pan of 
one car an be welded to the 
best paa of ' another in a 
practice jnown to the trade as 

Handling and road-holding 1 ne new six-cyunaer 
are good. The ride is one of the 29S4cc engine boasts the 
best for this class of car. The Iastest technology, with four 

one car 
best pai 

five-speed gearbox is slick and 
the clutch surprisingly light. 
The anti-lock brakes are quick 
to respond under normal use 
and in an emergency are 
positively hair-raising, such is 
their stopping power from 
high speed. 

It is a quiet motorway 
cruiser, eating up the miles as 
well as any Stuttgart product 
and the accommodation for 
the driver and his front pas- 
senger is ergonomically 

The driver in particular is 
pampered by having, in addi- 

valves per cylinder, twin over- 
head camshafts and fuel injec- 
tion. Toyota claims an output 
of 201 bhp at 6.000rpm — 
more than enough on paper 
to make die Supra a real 
scorcher — but again it falls 
short in practice. It takes a lot 
of horses to move well over a 
'ton and a half of car and that 
shows in the amount of heavy- 
footed , acceleration required 
to get it moving swiftly. 

Thai brings me to the 
conclusion that this is another 
Japanese muscle car aimed at 
the vast US market for such 
models. The styling even apes 

wagen subsidiary has just 
released a photograph and 
sufficient details to tempt 
would-be buyers of this class 
of car to wait for its new Audi 

It could be quite a wait The 
car will get its first public 
showing at the Paris Motor 
Show next month, but will not 
go on sale here much before 
the end of the year. 

Like the bigger Audi 100 
and 200 models, the new 80 
will have double-sided gal- 
vanized panels which, accord- 
ing to the much respected 
German testing agency 
TUEV, “is the most effective 
type of corrosion protection 
presemly available” 

The smallest model in the 
Audi range is very gracefully 
contoured. The company says 
it has a drag coefficient of only 
0.29, enabling it to deave 
through the air so effectively 
that its fuel consumption “is 
outstanding for this category”. 

There is a choice of 1.6 and 
1 .8 litre petrol engines and two 
diesels (size unspecified). A 
four-wheel drive Audi -80 
Quattro will also be produced. 

<C) rag- Rad. 9.000 mdas 
only, uectnc windows. Tu- 
dor Wsbasto sunroof. 15x7 
Zander wfteel* with P7's, 
Oaugunkt New York rate 
cassette. V.w. laser alarm 
system. £7,250. no dealers. 

AUDI BOO CO ‘A* rag. Auto. s*l 
\er pro ear* Mu# Int l ounn 
20 oOOm S/R. C/C lecture. 
£0.945 PMnckr Ot 3TO 4795 



C npa m/rj6 <2. 
BUct. ifoakin leather Bin 
Faaon fined dcanc sunroof, 
rtrnrx lea aduamem. 

1 6 J00 nuhs. Telephone fined 
I optional) Immaculate 
coodmoe. £ 1 4 ^50. 
TEL: (056587) 3256 


250 (Y) Boge m.H nvsciwg 
non 44,000 miles l owner Mrs 
iny. Stem Pnsme £6.750 

288 E (f) Auto. Petrol Blue wtn 
Oam tnm Full spec. I owner 
41.000 rode, Superb £7,950 

Tel 0923 32816 or 
01-770 530 

AUM lOO CO August S3 lAI 
PAS 5 w»4. C-tocktno. 

twindoWmimn I yr MOT 
Ext ritonl condition. £6.495 
Tel: Ol 388 3330. 

AUM lOO CO AVAMT. January 
85. Titan R#d. on# own#* from 
new. 22.000 aides FSH. Su- 
rratt condition New Dm 
£10.950 0410. 0980 61 1673 

golf an CTi cn 3 4 5 aoer 
from stork, some wun ext ra s, 
many ai per increase once 
0882 872182 tVW deafer i. 

rrat) condition _ _ Ne w om. KAJtMAM KRIC Com eft. 71 | 
£10.950 Qji.e. 09BO 61 1673 new ««ame. etuten. new hood. 
_ immar Stoane Ranger pamL , 

£3.995 0634 373788. 

1M7 OOLF err*. CaDi'emule BC D COLT ET1 3 dOM. 300 miles. 


B Reg preen.'ffoesJon mno>. 
comaoer. or eovMmng. nuny 
earns. 3 years warranty, under 
25.000 ikies. I owner. Excellent 
conaoon Reason lor sale, 
bought new one. 

Ta (0908) 582064 

+ Itfefuo VW Audi rang# atm- 1 
count prices ICC 01202 8596. 

green, anew mu. smm rear 
seats. £9.100 025126 4676 T 

3.6 COUPE 



1985 Silver with Black 
hide. Trip Computer. 
26.000 miles. FSH. 20 


FO 8453 


PCD 88 



-21 fWC 


546 POT 


15 GCG 


in ptq 

f 1*95 

77 GOO 


1 PVT 


IV 963 


5302 PW 




6580 PW 



B HPf 


8087 PX 



BF 301 


ROJ 730 



77 JTC 


SAL 100» 



04 JU* 


SC 17 



712 KAB 

SOS 18 



5M6 KO 


SOM 58 



84 KOD 


SPY 999 


958 KV 


TAU 679 





9757 TE 


*92 LI 


6075 TF 


<1 LOO 


TFH 24 


ta *23 


TOL 1 





TPR 9 


[MO 2S3 


19 UN 


53 NOR 


4758 WF 



06 hPk 


71 YKN 


S 4994 

YU) 5 


»fl 1 


YDS 73 

£795 OCM 937 £450 

(0533) 27777. 

OWV 68 


AMEV/V1SA Accepted. 

FbPr. 1 Camk Street Lek. LEI SGX. 

El 3350 

01-952 6171 T 

KD«TI 1ST Strafe 56r< AtM F W 
ISft B.S drl mats CijKS 

H SOt a isci (fempno Bha ta ESA. 
*bs «tww an rases mus 
NlteKlW Cttn. Cnsm hub 

I SR tfOft (W M iro rm 

»un tffMS 

IPK. noto mfei OL2KC 

HISMK Send feO un Mr «RS 
« coo mb cues 


mb nuns 

M C 238 I Gwnr Sram. Mi 
Silas an* totu IPK turns 
H iMarnm uouo 
Mel CSjIsp 

BCINE Baou M. as» [SA { -W 

3 000 nates tllftlP 

B 8 fSU0JI» at Odum DM Mu* 
mas 18 boo Mm t» MM> 

OlSnaCMDorngn n 
Ids SGQOnurs QUK 

IS A SH SS. Magssa Mem cum 
4H. 19000 sun C22SBS 

MMBt tad SMtt MriM 
irooonues . tzfmp 

•0* 358 0. Sam Bta Bk* (Mi mi* 
36000 ndn t15.CW 

M RH SflMfim IM SH IB 000 
imb. Mi sere . tlUBP 

II I 2 M a ua ThaHe QIP* ooic 

I? 000 rrJn F5H (T7JB5 

M*2»tlii«M*M*nai. an 
M)o«) macs _ rtimi 
M • 1M E fed rhsae. cram ra 
2? COO oMS ttUKS 

IS C rosso* M4 Ita Ctystd uni* 

4 000 add . . £l7.St5P 

• B no U Ml* Tin 005. am S>tM 
H S a OOO mas 111.7585 

nsiuwff nMEnrdfWgw rmbm. 

a*o Wi sure. 9000 ram - C1UB5S 

288 CE(Y) Auto Cense BLxkwrtn 
Cream mm FuU scec 1 inner 
43.000 m.(e-. FSH Sieieo 
Knaaaiac £11.450 

PX Possible 

Tel: 0276 681436 T 

LHD 500 SEL/1000 SEL 

Buck 84 CoHrctmcn I4D00 
mm ISnrgditicd «■ cures * 
tv and tOBO Upr Curues 
Somd sierro am iad« Lnqr 
wntcB antn Hiss ms Spain. 
Snead bard and (■«■« 


Tel: 01-660 8232 

380 SE 

(B) 1985, 7.500 mies. 
A/C. feather. S/roof, 
elec seats. Blaupunkr 
radio, metallic ween, 
immac- £22.000. 
Telephone 01-467 281 & 


CreqAnJen bodystvwg Sebmg 
red. 8.000 mis. an cond. 1 lady 
owner New over £30900 - un- 
marked & onpnah 

0903 30707 or 
0273 422S11 

<S) SowthampBM 0703 777727 
CP) PartanMih 0705 3282S6 
T*lm: 477950 JB AUTO 

RUPERT GOALEN LTD I I 1986 2.3-16 

560 SEC 


UK CarAlmrsnslntd 
Available now 

Ordered, but now surplus to 


(Or best offer over) 
065472 7844 


XJ 34 AlfTO, 1982 (Y). 
E / windows, tints, 
rad/cass. FSH— £4,995 
XJS 5.3 HE, 1985. Sil- 
ver. 18.000 mis. FSH. 
Superb £17,950 

Your first Rolls-Rauce . 

A *9 TAT « 1 s 1 9 n 1 1 .9 ra . - _ . 

Tet 01 235 6326 

Blue black, leather, air 
cond. elec seats. 
S/roof. 1.900 miles. 

U.K registered. 
Immaculate condition. 

Tehpfeeee 0ZS2 708 743 


Jaguar XJS HE 
Red. automatic. 1983. 
genuine 10.000 nates, as 
now, showroom condition. 

ia cum c-tyk taer. «n« 
I’r. 2 - 2 . 66.000 mile*, only 
2000 mitrs entered in tnr last 
9»#arv Tout body and suiern 
non rrbiuld In >M class 
condition. £7.750. Trl0856 


190C Nov 83 Forrsl green. 
Unit'd glass, attlo. C/torking. 
tiff nurror. Becker radio us 
sell#, eler aertaL MB lex rtghi 
Mown. P5H Only 17.000 
nules Perfecl condition. 
£9.650. TeteDtiOnp Ol 629 
6880 lOI. 01-362 2997 iHr. 


0492 515 400 

280 SE. 

JAOUAJ*«4I US :AufO >9834 I 3BOSAC: >982 X. lapis Mu#, grey 

reg- Silver, oi.cxjq mis VCC 
Direnor's car. reoulailv main 
lamro and serviced. £7.900 
Tel 102261810611 Ask lor Mr 

All Warranted motor cars are offered exclusively by the authorised Rolls-Royce and Bentley dealers of Great Britain. 

•earner. A 85. eirrtnr sunrool/ 
window-, muse control, alloys, 
air condinonjng. washwip#. ra- 
dio c asset re. lull speed teuton a 
sen ice nrstory. mini condiuon. 
£14^50. Tel 10400) 72771 

1#« 1985 Black. Very low 

mileage As nrw QJ.SOT May 
M e». Tel Sou inrfld 526012 
<Mnce hrv Mr Brown) 

IMS SHADOW Blue. Magnolia 
NKfe. 36.000 iMfes. Mow Be 
viewed lo Be aporedaiedU 
£17.750. TM:07875 2314 




3231 2 DR 


The kradmpseteaiofi of prMjwncd presage marques. 
1986non« tlayceSasM Spirit Fin^iail In home OresaxA MAh tfiamcgjfe 

l*}eowdr0d.5DOOmiiBs ROA. 

1982 ItaMlByeeCanMig coneertWo-firtshed m d»k<^«*»iWib«e 

fk* and beige hoodLt&flOO nates . £51950 

1982 n on n ov c a S Ar cr Sp i rt . RnMwdmbghioyaef over Park oyyr 

wthbew lade uchoBtav ».000 nsles. E3SJXX 

1977 nsIWtayeaSthM Shadow It fiiiBied In sfcer mmkudh 5gW 

t3tu«/B ,, ey uorwteKtv. 46iXI0 m#CS £16350 

We wish to purchase low ntfleageRoas-Rojrce cars. 
Contact us on Puttmrough 

miles. Immandaie. car phone, 
silver fox. £36000. TetXi7&26 

2nd low mifee9e prestige car. 
Bous etc. A octvaie emruiry. No 
dealers please. 01 531 8006 
Wkdavs or 01 SOU 3SB3 W/E 

XTLOSTAR UMtlD) Lroendy 

Require Ad Models. Buyer Col- 
fens Any Area. Tet: 01-977- 
4863. weekends 0262-857192 
1972 SHADOW 2 SO«er/BtlM. ALL HOtXU MCOUlnCD. Top 
6^000 tmfes- £9-900. TM: prices lor loo coMUUon on. 

0707 874 832. 0245 87571 cn. 



VOLVO 744 GLT 1986 CUe- 

tafic God. Manual Many many 
mras. 760 ADuys. L-P s. XQOO 

rate only ... £1 1J95 

MOBGMN + 8 1982 (83 
MOO&) name Rati Ahman- 
«ra body. Comp. Suspension. 
19JB0 mte. FSH £11,580 

0252 727183 

1986 788 GLE Estate. Gold 
maL Black leaner. Rad/Cass. 
2.000 mdes orty. _ H4JBB 
IMG V GLE Estate S4w. 
black leather. Rad/Cass. 

1984 B flag. 2X000 mte. 1 I 

owner FSH. From 8 Rear Sood- 

m. Electric loot. MXUMS 6 JAGUAR/ DAmL£R 19a3>S6 uri Mue imenor ait cornu 

Trai mtm. Cereal toctmg. a 45 whole range J^no 

£12-400. TO .0276, 26663 

0244 33G968 W/esdS Bn» Mde. sun roo*. i dmrr. 

fWdO yn dor uimZ! 40.000 mis. excel lent cona 

IWZS iutJ0 w/rays £ 5 . 475 . Tet. 0327 703985 . ec w c ga c s soo see. toez v. 
GAD Tavliv tnz (X) JAGUAR Ut HL Me- 90000 mis. ,uU vervit* 

WWW I lalUr Green. 38.000 mis hov|ooM"Maii»r Cecil grwn. all 

recorded. Offers over £8.500. evlran £17.600. Pnone: 

TH. 0978 361475 iTl Ulllewirk Green. 062882 

32SI Nov 86. swnovaoie am o. 4 C TYPE. VIZ. ism. FHC. man »9S. Anytime 
door. mHialK Blue. pas. central ual. very good common, red. — 
locking, etectnc Irani windows. £6.750 one TH 0452 24334. 

tunned Gig dirt, sports smug XJS WYCtAL personal Mate. 500 ID. 1« Reg Aug 86. CSvam 
wheeL ror DUndS. M-lerl, sus- Low mUegge £10.750. 0332 pagnr Metallic. Bucoandy 

pennon. Trio «<M nrreo. TTnv &732T3 T. 062982 4870 H. learner interior, all leMurrs. an 

XJS MC X reg. Mark, atnoimety 
ouisunding. 40 000 mis. well 
looked alter car. Quick sale 
£7.295. 061 531 69*9 

380 SLC One of last shipped to 
Ik in 1981. Astral Silver with 
Mue leather interior. Air Cond. 

E /root, alloys A many other ex- . 
Iras met Biaupunkt stereo. ■ 
36.000 mk A tare chance lo I 
buy llus car in 1 st class cornu ; 
UOn. £18.000 TH. 01 352-0300 . 

1984 (A reg). 38.000 rnaes. 
Metallc Laps MM/cream 
Deige leather mtenor. 
EJactrtc sunroof, ennse 
control, heao-lamps. wash 
ana wipe. Clarion stereo 
rate/cauetta. Eseaflant 

PRICE: £1*^51 

DAT40742) 349311 

BO E B reg 1984. While, wilti 
dark blue interior Air condl- 
Uonino ABS Elec S/rnof. 
headlamp wash wipe, alloy 
wheats immaculate condition 
£ 12.400- TH 102761 26663 

mBrSNaf OtanSkc. 

Volvo Soto. 4JJ0O mtes. 


1985 768 Tirbo Diesel. Sdnr. 

black tattler. EaremeAr eco- 

nonwal . - &49B 

1944 760 fiU Back wtm red 
battier, 1 owner. 27 JJOD nttes. 

0244 336968 W/esds 
0829 271998 W/dap 
fi k D Taylor 

230 TL- B reg As new 7.000 
ms 1 Owner 5 Speed Ivory 
with brown inm. etcctnr win- 
dows. seal covers, rear sMU 
seats, rear /acme children's 
seal, ironi arm rest, head re- 
siramis. sun roof, burglar 
aiarm. alloy wneHs. Immacu- 
Wf condition throughout 
£13.779 Tel 106271 4S793 

A I ER C EDCS 500 SEC. 1962 V. 
90 000 mis. lull service 

hosiery. mMauic Cecil green, all 
coras £17.500. Phone. 

Lilllewirk Green. 062882 
3995. Anytime 



1983 788 Of Star. Black 
leadar. 2X000 rates. 

wheel rear bunds. M-lech sus- 
pension. Tno quad sxereo. TTns 
spec new E 15.500 best uller 
over £1X000. TH 01-396 7086 

RWICT taUIT AHHE Turbo 84. 
Claret. Magnolia hide piped 
Red Top rod. Chrome Rad. I 
Oar. 10.000 mb. £49.960. 
0738 25481 off or Sun 2-4 pm. 
Grawda Garage. Perth. 

CARMARGUC. 1 980. Deep Ocean 
over Larkspur Blue. Magnolia. 
Beauuim £34.950 Murray 
Motor Co. Edinburgh 031 666 

*975 (9) SILVER SHADOW Wal- 
nut. Beige fade X owner. 
30.000 mu«. £15.950. Kcniys 
of Salisbury. Tel 0722 335251 


Rnahed in dark Oyster wtfi Had 
tauter peed Bnge- ft# RR ha- 
tory. 27 JOG irete orty (B ResJ. 



TEL: 0473 212456 



SL* ‘ 




SYD 3 


1982 (Y) finished in forest 

14,000 mites ■ — £7,200 

1984 AUDI AVANT CD Silver grey.. £7,500 

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1984 RENAULT FUEGO TURBO Red, 26,000 
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NOT CUtobr CX2S M 
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pagne MctHhc. Burgandy 
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green mtti olive green fiste. 
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fet buck. Mark tnm. FSH. fun 
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230 E : Aiuo. Now. 80 W ESR. I GUCCI Cadllbar Seville. 1979. 

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conditioning - power 
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dition. metallc biaefc with 
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63354 22?T after fan 5940 T 



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goroox. EfiSR. M V 
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ler. Blue ntoe Drtras. W/W U0> SHADOW N Buroundy. Tin 
hiw. l«m 4.000 Itolc*. Leather Many exiras £18.500 

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ing. mo slereo. 7.000 mis. Man 
warranty * I further year 
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1 owner. EJerS/R. 17000 im 
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HEW BMW'S - All models to or 
o#r 320CS in stork Large 
dneounts. TH 0227 793010 >Ti 

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Astral ulver. full blue leather 
Electric sunroof, air cona. elec- 
tric seats. Ameer slereo. 
Immaculate conoiuon E16A95 
ono Trl <0T03i 37957 (work) 
/■ 0421261 2420 inn) 

924 LUX 1983 Cooennagen Mur. 
FSH. immaculate uiskK ft Out 
£8.450 ono For further details 
TH 051 355 0»24 

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76.000 mis. ExCHIrnt tpfid 
£5260 ooO. Tel70B86> WORC 
32064. Oflire 10906) 21337 

eviras. navv Mue. rhaufleur 
driven. Al condition Pnre 
£25.000 TH' Office hours 01 
629 1432 

280 SL 1983 CT reg Auto Su- 
perb rdndllioci throughout. 

finished in gold roachwork win 
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rrturhtshM regardfess'of Cos,. 
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C46.SOO Tet: 090ft 702872 

TH LHO Centre Ol 486 lOfBT 

PAGE 27 

r#g $nver meutor. Fitted with 
janepeeo turbo 9. OOO mis. Ex- 
rHieni vehicle. Mint condihen. 
£15^00. SaMbuty Area. 
Phone afnrr hours 072 273 
341. home 072 589 201 


speciality. Wc are never know, 
ingly undersold. QinjfM 
Landrovers Ud 0223 868835 

White. Vogue spec. Low mile- 
age Immaculate £12.000. 
Phone 0303 56634 eves. 


tier. 2 new ones must be sou - 1 ESCORT RS 16001 Turbo Y reg. 

AU often ronsfdered. 01-731 
0231 tSunj 01-394 II Id. T 

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F8&I C5.4O0 TH 01229 2639 


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white, perfect onty 5.000 
mass - Alas. »Sng tor tax 

F? . g en ana 

Phone 01-240 2345 
ConsMering cost 

TEL 021 552 2825 

911 SPORTS 1982 Model. White. 
eO COO miles afv nuinta'ned 
Immarwalr £14 300 Ol 235 
3oi2 OlliceOl 720 i495Hofnr 

c hover of 2. silver and blue. | 
many extras. FSH Ring for Or 
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731 0231 tSun, 01 394 1114 T i 

White wun Blue feather Inter, 
ce. Sheepskin uurru. rxrellent 
condiimn inside & out 7-v.OOO 
ms £3.995 Tri. 01 736 4240. 

450 SL (VI 53.000 miles. FSH. (JAGUAR XJb Convertible Red 


628 CM. Auto, low miieaqe un- 
der 5,0001. 8a C reg. mid br , 
an cond. Tel lOSl 1 424421 1 iO> 

911 TURBO Evrefebrily owivh. 
38 000 Miles. Black /Leather. 
FSH. 91 1 Number Plate, 
tie 050 TH: 0203-312765 

totally original 3 unmaruHile. 
£12^50. Autosales tKenung 
lam Lid. 01 727 2707/01 603 
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mb Lapis Blue Metallic, pas. 
auto. 7 sealer C8-295 OVNO. 

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c« er. Taxed. MOT Good 
cona. £4.500 TH OSB4 70359 
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teore/Nul Brown Special jpec. 
FSH 1 owner. Jl.OCO cab 
Cl J95 Tri. 0372 64208 

1986 BMW M53SI 

BMW WANTED. 3.5 or 6 senes. 
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in 051 342 6185 

Zotnoter rad mtti nrari leattar 
Iran. eJectnc o&ss sir roof. 

ESCORT RS 18001 V reg. red. 
lulls’ loaded, ncrllrni through- 
out. 31.-000 miles £6.760. Tec 
0225 832404. 

Choice of (Wwn. Del mileage. 
£18.496 TH- 0536 52811 loir. 
0536 79QF.1 Hm T 

PEUGEOT 205 Locostr urnned 
Edmon. May *86. a* new. 

£6-500 Tet Ol 878 4967 VOLVO 240 GLE Estate. 83 A | 
PC U CC G T 505 Gn FAMILY Es- reg. O/Ortve. met silver, 
late. 1986. 6.000 miles, m new £8.480 01-402 3214. T 
cond £9.860. Ol-aee 3214. T 

SCORPIOS fun spec. * extras VOLVO 240 GL Estate. 83 modH. 

otgi treed n tas rate, sOTo, 
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raze mo. px toss. 

SAAB 900 TURBO 6 Door. MH 
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auto manual. £1 1.250. 0332 
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met blue 31.000 mh £4,930. 
01-002 3214. T 

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0924 441964 or sRu 

SAAB 900 GLS SALOON: 1984. 
B. reg. wnile. 14 000 mb Sun 
roof slereo. Well maintained. 
£6000 Pnd. Trt-OI 989-2690 

1982 *11 SPORTS TARCA 

While. 49.000 miles. FSH. just 
nan A PM mamr verv-ut? POM 
PCRS. Plate, tuoneer 4 speaker 
system. ansolulHy perfect : 
£17 250. Tel 0626 60208 
»24 UK 1*83 Y reg i Owner I 
22.000 miles Chid metallic Im 
marinate rondiiion Sun roof 
W60. Tri- 02*3 512830. 
Snorts rqinpmrn,. 2.700 miles, 
black, offers around £30.000 
TH. 0202 732867 
911 TURBO 83 4 White. Blue 
leather. 1 owner. 15.000 miles. 
FSH. LHD Pristine £24.750. 
Tel- DM WHS 0455 637 096 

Tel 0»5O 361341 anytime iT> STAG 1977. Blur, low mOes. 
BO SC V Rro. Auto PAS. manual, neturird. toll, ong 

L/vunroof A Windows. Allots. 
Stereo. FSH. I owner. VCC 

Ml. exceptional £4.995 ONO 
Pois PK TH 0602 814213 

CIO. 995. Tel. 01 B98 6600 T STAG 7* Auto, while Not at an 
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non. Radio 'Cassette. £8 760 private iw. FW SRC umi XVS 
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mm £13 450 0923 41 193 MaTElMOoT bbST^ 1, 

200 L. 1983 iVl . Grey. 8.000 MERCEDES 280 SE U 1972 all 
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usual extras I year MOT 
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nuferor immediMe delivery 
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280 SL \ Reg. Sapphire 36.000 
mile* I owner. FSH. £14.995 
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j,?®?- Blue. immaculate. 
£1 .995. 01 460 643a. 


M page 27 

Jl i ftUuUM jt& i>QO 


As Kasparov and Karpov reach halfway, Alan Franks wonders what chess, of all games, is doing in a ballroom 

The big noise around here is the clock 


S o ifs twelve down •' • _ | ; *. V^' •. 

and twelve to play in . **- : ' •"* 1-- • \ . .i ... 

the Ms of ^ the * ’* .. ; fj . V-.V." 

S o it's twelve down 
and twelve 10 play in 
the finals of the 
World Chess 
Championship, with 
defending champ Gary 
Kasparov taking a one-point 
lead over the challenger 
Anatoly Karpov back to 
Leningrad for the second legat 
the start of next month. Has 
there ever been quite such a 
highly-charged, if enigmatic 
encounter between two Ks 
since those grandmasters of 
the global squares. Krushchev 
and Kennedy, met across their 
own version of the chessboard 
a quarter of a century ago? 

1 don't know about you. but 
my own problem with chess, 
apart from having a nought 
percent success record, is that 
I have never been able to class 
it as a sporL let alone a 
spectator sporL But then I 
have the same difficulty with 

Before telling you about my 
visit to the Park Lane Hotel on 
Wednesday evening to watch 
the last match of the first leg. 
and about how I was (almost) 
disabused of my prejudice. I 
should explain why 1 believe 
chess belongs more to Ihe 
thoughts than the sports 
pages. SporL as 1 understand 
iL emails sweat and sinew, 
more of the physical than the 
cerebral kind (although the 
two coalesce in the best of 
games): above all it entails 
luck, whether embodied in the 
rub of the cloth at the Sheffield 
Crucible, the lowering of the 
clouds above the Oval, or 
indeed the eyesight of the the 
referee at the Azteca Stadium. 

Chess, on the other hand, 
has sent that very element into 
utter and unforgiving exile, so 
that the sole niff of chance 
rests in your opponent's over- 
sights. Give me the Monopoly 
Board any day. where the 
cocky rival can be sent spin- 
ning into penury through a 
bad draw From the Commu- 
nity Chest pack. 

B ul 1 repeat, I am a 
chess illiterate and 
therefore no spokes- 
man for Britain's 
four million players. 
Wednesday at the Park Lane 
was therefore a revelation, 
where ! was in a minority of 

It is 4. 15 pm. and a queue of 
chessniks is forming in the 
lobby, snaking back out onto 
the entrance steps. There are 
bronzed young tourists in 
garish anoraks, looking for all 
the world as though they had 
just fetched up hopefully at a 
Jttgendhcrbergc. older men 
with heavy East European 
faces that seem to harbour a 
deep, serious knowledge of 
The Game: then the pin- 
striped ones, and the well- 
kempt secretaries, dearly 
truanting from the office. 

And all the while, chess of a 
lesser nature is everywhere: in 
the upstairs rooms of the 
hotel, where two enthusiasts 
are playing a devilish version 
called Blitzkrieg, a sort of 
Battleships variant: even out- 

^ W£- ; 


- 'tv- • • = ' 

v-t-i -• 

: : _• . 

A*-- • ' 

•• * 

• 4 *■ JA 


5 irr' 



’r-i^L.z-r ^ ; . 

side in Hyde Park, under the 
trees, where a wispy-bearded 
wizard called • Andrew 
Whileiey is taking on. and 
beating. i6 opponents at the 
same time. 

The foyer is strewn whh 
ephemera: chess tee-shirts, 
chess cartoons, chess books, 
chess postcards, it must be 
sport after all. On the dot of 
five the Two Ks arrive for the 
silent summiL and the ticket- 
holders, 1,000 of them, file 
two flights down the plush 
staircase and pack the ball- 
room. The ballroom? The 
words demand an Edith Evans 
interrogative, for surely this is 
the height of absurdity - a 
game of perfect stasis enacted 
in a hall meant for the 
harmonious movement of 

And so to battle. On the left 
of the stage, in the grey suiL 
Gary Kasparov. On the right 
of the stage, in the grey suit 
Anatoly Karpov. Both men 
are weighing in. once again, at 
the identical figures of eight 
pawns and eight pieces. And 
then. well, not very much 
really. The image of the two is 
projected onto a screen at one 
side of the room, while the 
slate of the board, equally 

{There is an explosive 
moment — Kasparov 
has stood up } 

static, is relayed on the other. 

This is either the games 
version of the Tim Rice 
musical, shorn of the singing 
and dancing, or else a Pinter 
taken to its logical extreme. So 
complete is the silence that the 
merest movement of a wrist or 
glance at the audience con- 
stitutes action. In con- 
ventional sporting terms, 
analogies are tricky, for the 
two could as well be an off- 
duty security guard 
(Kasparov) taking tea with a 
bank clerk (Karpov). Except 
that there is no tea on the 
table. Only a pair of clocks 
ticking away the time between- 
the moves. 

Tennis perhaps: Kasparov 
as Nastase - swarthy, volatile 
looks, bom in Baku on the 
Caspian Sea; Karpov as Lendl 
— hooded eyes and fish-cold: a 

carp. At 17.24 hours and 20 
seconds there is an explosive 
moment, for Kasparov has 
stood up. What would David 
Coleman make of it? “Sensa- 
tion here in the Park Lane 
ballroom. Kasparov has stood 
up. He's stood up. The cham- 
pion has risen to his feeL 
and yes . . .yes . . . he's walk- 
ing to the hack of the stage, 
he’s disappeared through the 
curtain, and he's gone. No. no. 
He's back again, and he's 
taken his seat. What d’you 
make of that Barry?” 

More reasons why chess 
might actually be sporL For a 
start, both players brought 
over their personal entourages 
of nine, including doctors, 
cooks, seconds and physical 
trainers. What looks like a 
study in inertia is in fact the 
product of rigorous physical 

as well as mental condition- 
ing. even though the benefits 
arc found not in the limbs but 
in the sophisticated hardware 
between the players' ears. 

Andrew Page. Kasparov's 
manager, says this of his man: 
“He always ensures that he's 
in peak physical condition. He 
cycles, jogs, swims, and 
watches his diet carefully. He's 
also got his own soccer team 
which, by the way. beat a side 
of sports journalists in Mos- 
cow last April In the match 
that was stopped because 
Karpov seemed to be dose to 
exhaustion. Gary could have 
gone on forever.” 

I t could almost be Angdo 
Dundee talking about 
Muhammad Ali. Then 
there Is the unashamed 
psyching that goes on. 
At the end of each five^hour 
session, the player who is due 
to make the next move usually 
writes his intention on a sheet 
of paper which he places in a 
scaled envelope and leaves as 
a reminder to himself for the 
resumption of play. In the past 
Kasparov has been known to 
scribble his next move and 
leave. the paper dearly visible 
to his enemy, as if to say: 
“You can have all night to 

{Karpov complains his 
opponent refuses 
to look at him } 

think about this one. chum., 
but it won't make a^scrap of 
difference. You're licked 

According to Page. Karpov 
has complained in the past 
that Kasparov refuses to look 
at him. Certainly .such eye- 
work as I observed came 
almost exdusively from the 
righL “Gary does look at him 
actually.”says Ihe champion's 
manager, “but when he does, 
he just says to himself: 'Why 
hasn’t he washed his hair?* ” 

Not least there : are the 
intense international politics, 
without which no sport is 
worthy of the name, and the 
rivalries among officials of the 
1 24-nation World Chess 
Federation. And of course the 
advances in broadcasting 
technology. The most signifi- 

Reading it could take longer 

, . . _ * .. OMMaer 

qapi of these, and the one 
most likdy to ensure the 
telegenic properties of tin: 
game. . is a system rocehtiy^ 
developed by a British com- 
pany. Intelligent Chess Soft- 
ware Ltd. The placing of an 
electronic coil inside the 
pieces enables each move to 
be relayed by computer onto a 
screen and fed into teletext 
systems. Already this has 
meant that these champion- 
ships have commanded the 
highest “live” audience in the 
history of the game. 

The beauty of the invention 
is that a five-hour session can 
be broadcast in its entirety 
without hoggingan impossible 
amount of air-time on a single 
channel (For some reason it is 
only the. Icelanders who have 
the stamina, to view a whole 
match via conventional' cam- ' 


era coverage.? After several' 
meetings wnhlfr; Alexander 
Sereda, vtce^fcsidenr of the* 
Soviet Sports |ommiuee. in 
London, duing ' these 
championships? Mr. Kevin’ 
O'Connell, ftp- company's, 
president almttf -persuaded 
the Russians twse the equip-* 
mcntforihe Ectfegrad kg. 

fit 'terms pf4ternatibnal' 
competition,. BriSm is 'more, 
succetefiil- aE dfc than at' 
football •*■• or— crnlel (even.' 
though Cynics rfoht argue^ 
that this still doesfoi make it. 
a sport), with two <u islanding 
prospects in 14-yew>ld Mi-. 1 
chad Adams.. . whr has just; 
won an Internationtt Master 
result" in : the-^British 
Championships. and2l-year- 
old Nigel Short nor*ranked‘ 
ninth in the World. . 

v If the game needs v offer 
further, evidence of sports- 
ness. this can be fount in the 
tremendous growth f the 1 
five-mimfie game whid, withV- 
iix comparative whirr oibraslr . 
action, is chess's counttpartl 
to oneway crickeu To nyeye* 
it still looks like nothing riore 
than two. people vying with - 
each, other. la empty a ba of*, 
chocolates, but I am bcgimjng. 
to think that the loss is m^e. « 

. •' ' c . 

; A unique writing contest will begin at 
midnight: the challenge, to complete 
a 20,000-word novel in three days 

It all started like something 
out of a novel. In 1977, a 
publisher and an antiquarian 
bookseller, drinking in a 
downtown Vancouver tavern, 
fell into an argument over 
whether Voltaire wrote 
Candide in three days flat A 
bet was struck — nobody conld 
write a novel let alone one like 
Candide, in three days. All 
eight of the literati also 
present tried. They all failed. 

. At midnight tonight, nearly 
1,000 aspiring novelists, 
including an unpublished 
Englishman from Chelmsford, 
will begin a literary marathon 
aimed at proving they can do 

what the original eight conld 
not — produce a novel of at 
least 20.000 words in 72 boors. 
They are contestants in what 
has been called the only 
uniquely Canadian contribu- 
tion to literature, the ninth 
annual International Three 
Day Novel Contest. 

In Vancouver itself, compet- 
itors win compose, using word 
processors, in the Canadian 
Pavilion of Expo '86. They will 
be able to eat at their machines 
and, if necessary, sleep on the 
premises. Those working at 
home — including Paul Melvin 
Grunwell, aged 31, the 
Chelmsford entrant — are 



1 Bomb pit (6) 

5 Arrange dumsilv (61 

8 Hedcra (3) 

9 Uu rounds (6) 

10 Offhand (61 

11 Second Greek Idler 

: M| 

12 Surface mining (8) 

M Develop gradually 

( 6 ) 

17 Regulate 16) 

19 Off prem uses food (8) 
22 Ugh i French beer (4) 

24 Doorbell disc (6) 

25 Forceful flow (fi) 

26 Portuguese Indian 
’ area I. "W 

27 Deprive of food (6) 

28 Convalescent couch 

2 German mcr (5) 

3 Painful exertion (7) 

4 Fried mi nccmcai 
. cake (7) 

5 Pla\sscnes|5) 


IB ■ fl 
a B B .fl 


B B B fl 
BBBBBB HflQflflfl 
B B fl B 

jflflflflfl aflflflflfl 

6 Simple (5) 17 Missile power (6) 

7 Lowest Jurassic rocks 18 Freedom f 7| 

I?) 20 King Anhur's foster 

13 Ncw-si>le(3> lather (5) 

15 Road bridge (7) 21 Moan (5) 

16 B> wa> ofl3) 23 Hindu sect tS) 


At ROSS: 8 Wallis Simmon 9 Tan lOShangri La II Hindu 13 
Lcnpih) 16 Skillet 19 Trade 22 Defeatist 24 UFO 25 Confectionery 
DOWN: I Tuitch 2f?a*cn 3Kisscurl 4 Assail 5 Smug 6 Assist 7 
Inform 12 Irk 14 Notation IS Hod 16 Seduce 17 Infant 18 
Tuists 20 Amulet 21 Epon\m 23 Anew 

required to semi an affidavit 
with their manuscript testify- 
ing that it was written during 
the Labour Day long weekend. 
The prizewinner, to be an- 
nounced on October 31. will 
have his book published in a 
2,000-copy run by Pulp Press 
International the Canadian 
publishing bouse sponsoring 
the event. 

Steven Osborne, an editor 
with Pulp Press and one of the 
eight originals, said: "We 
tried, but no one finished. 
Since then we have discovered 
that many others can do ft.” 

“The contest has an eerie 
fascination and we get several 
hundred writers annually”, 
Frances Eger, a former (un- 
successful) contestant ranted 
contest co-ordinator, said. 
“Because of Expo, the entries 
are up this year, but we have to 
allow for a SO per cent attrition 
or crack-up rate. There is no 
age limit, you can hand write or 
type, and the judges will 
consider works shorter than 
20.000 words. But in practice, 
that's always been the mlni- 
mnm winning length.** 

The entrants do not cheat, 
she said, partly because the 
jury are “sensitively tuned” to 
what can be written in 72 
boors. “Writers are also very 
honest about their craft**, she 
added. “Though not necessar- 
ily with the taxman!” 

So tar. there has not been a 
woman winner, though many 
enter. “Sadly they never seem 
to finish, f guess they lack the 
got motivation” Eger said. 

Last year's prize went to 
Momentum by Marc Di- 
amond, a playwright who 
teaches acting at Simon Fraser 
University. British Columbia. 
The novel was about a compul- 
sive gambler with four 
girlfriends and was set in a 
nightmare Vancouver, prepar- 
ing for Expo, under the great 
geodesic dome — which Di- 
amond aptly nicknamed The 
Thing. Critics have detected 


w Clubbing together 


to be won 

London's West End 
efubs'did their best to 
ignore the .privations of ■ > 
unemployment and war, 
even when a bomb 
exploded oiul crowded 
dance-floor.. The Times 
remembers Mayfair’s 
glamorous hey day | 

Can you always get your cop y of The Times? 

Dear Newsagent; please deliver/rave me a copy of The Thus 



- ; vfe - j. 

Ready, steady, create: Paul Gnmwell muses over novel ideas 

affinity with Charles optimistic. “Ifs a terrifying 
Bnkowski and the thriller prospect”, he said, “but the 
writer John D- MacDonald. adrenalin nuts and ■ I' think 
Grunwell, who entered via something's coming together.’’ 

the British sponsor 
Waterstone and Co. is a semi- 
pro who" has written an un- 
published thriller, an 
unpublished science fiction 
novel, and an unpublished 
romance under his wife's 
name. Nadia McKay. He has 
had .successes with short sto- 
ries and on the eve of the 
contest was gnardedly 

optimistic. “Ifs a terrifying 
prospect”, he said, “but the 
adrenalin runs and ■ I' think 
something's coming together.” 

He declined to go into any 
detail about the plot of his 
novel bur did admit to having 
read Candide at school. “I 
can't remember much of h 
now”, he said. “I'm certainly 
not trying anything like that* 

David Leitch 

©Tioe«N«wipapaniUd19M . 




of several, hundred exceptionally 
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^ ^ weaving centres of the East Included are many 

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; i.- 



A farewell to Armstrong 

A n rUa - -1111 1-1 n oi n— « n r« irBTn iii » i . -AWiWalar 

I • ' 

And finally, as she 
may well say tonight, 
Pamela Armstrong is 
leaving News At Ten 

for the BBC. She told 
Sally Brompton why 

P amela Armstrong was so glad 
I had called. "I really want to 
do this interview." bubbled 
ITN~s latest female defector, 
rhe BBC. however, was less enthu- 
,-iastic. anxious to preserve whatever 
xarls its newest acquisition might let 
all for the launch of its Daytime 
Revision service. * ; 

The Beeb capitulated only after 
some heavy grilling as to The Times's, 
intentions (entirely honourable) and 
as a result of being reminded that 
Armstrong did not yet actually work 
for them. In fact, tonight wiU be* her 
News .41 Ten swansong. At the end of 
October she will start work planning 
^ and preparing her debut as an 
afternoon talk show host with the still 
p-secrei Daytime TV. 

In the footsteps of those other two 
.^cwscasting enigmas. Anna Ford and 
V'Kdina Scott. Armstrong is tossing her 
Vsfcfeprpinpier to the wind in favour of 
*£vharshe describes in her carefully- 
prepared press statement as the 
•.•^‘challenge I felt I cannot let pass." 

, jst She handed me a copy of the 16- 
fV^inc statement with the invitation to 
1 ^ask me anything you want to about 
l” She was particularly concerned 
3|ihai I should emphasize the bn about 
Jg|he “^special debt of thanks" which 
she feels she owes to ITN editor-in- 
rhiefDavid Nicholas and "my fellow 
• Sir Alistair Burnet." 

She is very much the diplomat, is 
la Armstrong, carefully consid- 
ring her reply to every question. 
)ven spelling out the mood in which 
\i is delivered —and. occasionally, the 
juncmation — where she feels it is 
lecessary. "Pve a very dry sense of 
lumour that doesn't translate into 
lack and white." she explains. 

She has been a household face for 
';hree years now, ever since she began 
• eading the news for ITN. “The first 
night was fine." she recalls. “The 
1 difficulty was waking up next morn- 
ing and thinking 1 had to do it again. 

• And it's been like that ever since. 

‘ Joke." 

' Her route lo what she believes to be 
• “one of the greatest opportunities 
i hat cairbe offered to any woman who 
t'#ants to work in television" — 
.-newscasting. that is — started, ironi- 
, ally, in radio. She did a course in 
. nedia and communications studies 
. t the Central London Polytechnic 
. before it became the trendy subject 
..i is now", got a job at Capital Radio 
j vping up the patter scripts for the 
’ , iisc jockeys and then graduated to the 
iirwaves. presenting the food reports 
.>n Michael Aspel's show. 

So compelling were her summaries 

me that up to that point women had 
been focused on as novelties and 
hence marginalized and turned into a 
sideshow and the work they did 

"I was very, very careful about the 
number of interviews I gave at the 
beginning because I wanted lo pro- 
duce a pause for thought." Even so. 
she feels women in television still 
have a long way to go before they 
achieve true equality. "When I'm 
being really optimistic 1 think it will 
take 30 years to change. Real and 
meaningful change is very slow. I'm 
in a position, obviously, where the 
only people who have helped me and 
been the prime movers have been 
men. I’ve been very well served by the 
people I've worked for." 

She was bom in Borneo and spent a 
peripatetic childhood, mainly in the 
Far East, where her father was based 
as a marine engineer for Shell. She 
went to boarding school in England 
and recalls being "medium at most 
things." At 19 she married a history 
teacher called Mike Baldwin, a 
relationship which was "happy while 
it lasted. We still keep in touch." 

She says she is romantically un- 
attached at the moment — "it's just 
circumstances. It's been different in 
the past and may be different in the 
future" — and is not too bothered 
about the idea of having children —"1 
don't know if I'm ever going to have 
the time. It's all been happening so 
fast. If it happens, it happens, but I'm 
spectacularly unable to plan my life." 


It's goodnight from her: Pamela Armstrong faces life in the Daytime 

of the state of the mackerel in the 
North Sea that she was made pre- 
senter of the magazine programme. 
London Today, covering “a whole 
range of topics from why the trains 
were running late in Ealing to what 
was happening in Parliament" 

It gave her the opportunity to do 
everything from initiating the ideas to 
interviewing and editing the film — 
"wonderful for a megalomaniac". Is 
she one? She shook her head. Another 
joke. "Moving into television was a 
great lesson in relinquishing all that 
power. It's such a complicated me- 
dium that you just end up covering 
the area of your own expertise." 

he was spotted by ITN while 
she was working on the 
i Channel 4 programme Well 
Bring and invited to audition 
as a newscaster. She was "absolutely 
stunned" when they offered her the 
job. "I thought about it very carefully 
because l knew I was going to be 
precipitated into a very high-profile 
position and I thought very hard 
about how I would cope in that 

She has coped admirably — as one 
would expect her to in most situa- 


tions — despite feeling very "exposed 
and vulnerable" in the early days. 
"You do get approached on the street, 
but the important thing to remember 
is that the people who don't like you 
stay away from you." 

. Even at the funeral of her 92-year- 
old grandmother recently, the lofty 
undertaker bent down and hissed in 
her ean “Saw you on telly last night" 
But she is quick to point out that 
since she fives in Hampstead, “there 
are a lot more people who are far 
more important than 1 ever will be 
who take the heat in my locality." 

She generally gets to see only the 
nice letters from viewers, including 
the occasional proposition. Any seri- 
ous ones? “Unfortunately. no...that 
was a joke." She is 3S. unexpectedly 
liny and extremely pretty - a feet 
which she reluctantly acknowledges is 
of some significance in the job she has 
been doing. “But l think men are 
judged by their appearance, too" she 
says defensively. “The only dif- 
ference is the criteria brought to bear. 

“When 1 first came to ITN I really 
did hope that it would be possible to 
begin to change the way women in 
prime-time television had previously 
been viewed in that role. It seemed lo 

' er new job means a rise in 
her current £28.000 salary 
but she insists that money 
was not an influencing 
factor in her choice. It was a hard 
decision, what with her being so 
happy and fulfilled at ITN. but in the 
end, the challenge was everything. “J 
think if you work in this industry and 
you're a perfection isu it's a mug's 
game — you can never be satisfied 
because you can always always do 
beuer.l've never been able to sit back 
and think 'I've got this cracked’." 

Her job at ITN involves her in 
writing and editing the stories before 
they went on the air. “I think it's 
really essential to be seen to be pan of 
a team. It wouldn't be fair to waltz in 
at 9.30, put a dab of powder on your 
nose and start reading the news." 

She also feels strongly about her 
responsibility to the viewers. “People 
enjoy seeing you. knowing that you're 
sitting nightly in their front room 
bringing them important news, and 
they feel they have access to you. I 
don't think people who are in my 
position should resent iL" 

So what effect does such inevitable 
celebrity have on one's life? Pamela 
Armstrong considered the question 
long and deeply before delivering 
another statement. “4 think it is 
possible to be seduced into thinking 
that there is something about you that 
is different, comma, and 1 do feel it's 
necessary to remain constantly vi; 
lam to the fact that there is not, 
stop. End quotes." End interview. 

QTimi Nnrapapws Lid, IMS 

When divorce goes 
to arbitration 

Like most other divorcing 
couples. Brian and Carol G. 
were faced with the painful 
decisions about who would 
have the children and the 

Disputes over property, cus- 
tody and access to children 
frequently end in court and 
are now one of the biggest 
drains on the legal aid bill. But 
unlike most other divorcing 
couples. Brian and Carol 
successfully avoided a bitter 
and protracted legal tussle. 

They were referred by their 
solicitors for conciliation — an 
alternative to settling disputes 
in court — by which couples 
are helped to reach decisions 
without gening embroiled in 

Brian and Carol were both 
still living in the matrimonial 
home with their children. 
Matthew, aged 1 1. and seven- 
year-old Sarah, when Brian 
instructed his solicitor to draw 
up a petition based on Carol's 
adultery. They agreed to the 
solicitor contacting the 
conciliator to sort out what 
was identified to be the main 
stumbling block: access to the 

The first thing to emerge 
was that questions of custody 
and the home were also stiff 
unresolved. Both parents 
wanted custody of the chil- 
dren as well as the home. They 
both, therefore, faced a painful 
and threatening contest. The 
conciliator proposed joint dis- 
cussions to weigh up priorities 
and consider practical alter- 

Dividing the spoils 
of a broken marriage 
can be costly and 
bitter. But now there 
is a better solution 

Diana Gold 

They had assumed 
custody was a win 
or lose situation 

natives: and it transpired that 
neither knew, or understood, 
that it was possible for them to 
hold custody jointly, with care 
and control in the hands of 
one parent They had assumed 
that custody was a “win or 
lose" matter, with the children 
and the home as the prize for 
the "better parenL" 

The conciliator helped them 
separate the issue of Carol's 
new relationship from the 
question of how the children 
should be looked after and to 
look not at the past but at a fu- 
ture in which neither need lose 
the children altogether. 

As a result it gradually 
emerged that Carol did not 
envisage her boyfriend replac- 
ing Brian as the children's 
father — which helped Brian 
admit he would find it diffi- 

cult in practice to look after 
the children on his own. 

The boyfriend had been an 
unknown quantity: someone 
Brian feared might disrupt 
whatever he and Carol worked 
out together. At the con- 
ciliator’s suggestion they ail 
met and the meeting helped 
dispel both men's fears about 
the other. 

As a result. Brian and Carol 
agreed to joint custody, with 
Carol ha* ing care and control 
and Brian regular and fre- 
quent access. Solicitors were 
able to negotiate a further 
agreement that a lump sum be 
paid by the boyfriend, whom 
Carol was marrying, so Brian 
could buy out his share of the 
home and purchase a flat in 
the same area. 

The example, from the first 
book to be published on 
conciliation, shows how this 
alternative means of scaling 
disputes can work at its best. 
The author. Lisa Parkinson, 
one of the founders of concili- 
ation in this country, admits 
that Brian and Carol were 
more prone to co-operation 
than some. But they had 
nonetheless been "lining up 
for a bitter fight when concili- 
ation began." 

Conciliation, not to be con- 
fused with reconciliation, is 
still very much in its infancy 
in this country. But Mrs 
Parkinson, who played an 
active part in setting up the 
Bristol Courts Family Concili- 
ation Service and is now 
training officer for the Na- 
tional Family Conciliation 
Council, makes a strong case 
for its value. 

Evidence from abroad 
shows that 80 per cent of 
couples using conciliation are 
likely to reach agreement 

without resorting to the 

With the divorce rate hav- 
ing risen sixfold in England 
and Wales between I960 and 
1980 and current estimates 
that one in three marriages 
will end in divorce, there is 
now a growing interest in 
conciliation. On current 
trends, it is estimated that one 
in five children in England 
and Wales will experience 
divorce before the age of 16 
and possibly multiple separa- 
tions as well. 

But so far the idea of 
conciliation has not won 
substantial Government back- 
ing in tenns of hard cash. Last 
year a committee under Mrs 
Justice Booth gave the biggest 
fillip yet in a report which 
urged that formal provision be 
made for conciliation in di- 
vorce and other family 
proceedings and recom- 
mended that courts should 
refer contested cases to wel- 
fare officers for conciliation. 

In response, the Lord Chan- 
cellor set up a project to 
monitor the cost and effective- 
ness of various conciliation 
procedures at Newcastle 
University in September last 
year but that will take three 
years to complete iis task. In 
the meantime though there arc 
some signs of progress. A 
panel of specialist barristers 
has been set up by the Family 
Law Bar Association to offer a 
conciliation service to which 
divorcing spouses can apply 
through their solicitors. And 
last month the main divorce 

Agreement is 
reached in 80 per 
cent of cases 

registry in London issued a 
new practice direction with 
the blessing of the Lord Chan- 
cellor urging divorce courts to 
refer cases to conciliation 
rather than for welfare inquiry 
if appropriate. 

Mrs Parkinson is hopeful 
now for a small government 
subsidy for the new concili- 
ation council. "People think- 
ing of using conciliation 
would then be satisfied that 
there was a central body to 
monitor standards and ensure 
training for all existing 
schemes. It would be an 
important first step towards a 
national network." 

Frances Gibb 

Conciliation in Separation 
and Divorce, by Lisa Parkin- 
son. Croom Helm, £12.95. 

The rape issue and the back issues 


; t v 

cMs 3 ¥. 

>-ast March, when Woman’s 
Own. as part of its survey on, 
■ape. asked Sir Anthony 
Meyer what he thought of 
rapists; he launched a savage 
mack on the magazine itself: 
•'This is a deplorable 
Jltcmpt". he said, "to exploit 
juWic disquiet in order to 
Doosi your own circulation." 
Last week, when Woman’s 
‘i7i announced the results of 
he survey. Germaine Greer 
accused the magazine of "a 
cynical attempt to exploit 
women’s suffering and rage". 

Somehow I can understand 
— . Sir Anthony's anger. He was 
. -.j {'^'suddenly confronted with a 
^'^■questionnaire asking him 
whether he thought rapists 
should be castrated. On an 
Occasion such as this, bluster 
obviously seemed the better 
part of valour. 

- Bui Dr Greer's outburst in 
The Times was. on the face of 
- it. less easy to understand. 

You could put it down to age. 

. of course. The trouble with 
growing old is that you've seen 
it all before — or. you forget 
what you've seen before. 

_ ^ . She accused the magazine of 
“just discovering" rape. She 
argued that -feminist publica- 
fions started dealing with rape 

Jane Reed, left, responds to Germaine Greer, right 

20 years ago and as a result of 
their struggle outraged women 
were offered a better deal. To 
some exlent she is right; it 
usually is fringe publications 
that pick up on issues and 
wave a few flags before the 
conventional mega-media 
lakes notice. 

But my guess is that 
Dr Greer wasn’t much aware 
of the mass women's Press at 
that time. Otherwise she 
would Have remembered 
magazines such as Woman 
and Homan’s Own tackling 
every kind of emotional and 
moral issue in in the 1970s. 
when it was arguably more 
risky for these general interest 
titles to tackle controversial 

issues than it was for the 
small-circulation specialist 

Admittedly, features in 
W Oman’s Dim on subjects 
such as rape were not set in a 
didactically feminist environ- 
ment. They were written to be 
read by women whose 
consciousness had not been 
raised, for women who had 
been conditioned to believe 
that their adolescent fantasies 
were really secret cravings for 
sexual assault. 

In those days some readers 
were outraged by the mere 
mention of the word rape: and 
an explicit feature on incest in 
one Christmas issue received 
its share of abuse. The older 

generation believed that if you 
didn't talk about it. it would 
go away. 

I was reading an Open 
University sociology course 
the other day and came across 
unconditional praise for the 
major women's magazines of 
the Seventies for raising just 
these kinds of issues in a way 
that could be understood by 
the widest range of intellects. 
Germaine Greer may well 
have been one of the voices 
eager to criticize us for 
discussing rape and divorce 
rather than cooking. 

I can remember saying in 
the early Eighties: “God, not 
rape again", when other issues 
like drugs or education 
seemed more important. But, 
thankfully, our influential me- 
dia is constantly being revital- 
ized by new writers and 
editors who see issues as they 
are when they arrive at their 
keyboards. They are not con- 
ditioned by what has gone 
before. Every campaign is a 
new one for new readers. 

Jane Reed 

The author is a former editor 
of Woman's Own and 

(g)Ttam Nmrspapva Ltd, IMS 

M w 


Some support- 
ers of jockeys 
Joqjo O'Neill 
and Bob Cham- 
pion have sug- 
gested that the 

large number of 

X-rays a National Hunt rider 
nndergoes during the course rtf 
his career might have contrib- 
uted to the development of 
ureir tumours. Cancer spedai- 
Professor James Malpas of 
St Bartholomew's Hospital, 
says, however, that although 
jjf** a possibility could not be 
i toe* excluded — radiation is 
j tflways a possible factor in the 
i development of malignant dis- 
eaS€ — even the amount of X- 
1*3? to which steeplechase 
jockeys would be exposed 
Rould present a minimal risk. 

Both jockeys developed dis- 
eases common in young mm. 
Bob Champion had a testicu- 
lar lumour and h is reported 
that Jon jo O'Neill is suffering 
from cancer of the lymphatic 
. glands. Fortunately, the 
prognosis in both cases is 

Cancer of the testes is the 
most common malignancy in 
their age group, but has an 
overall survival rate of 67.3 
per cent — 90 per cent when 

Cancer and the 
X-ray factor 


the tumour is diagnosed early. 

Despite the useful publicity 
which has followed Bob 
Champion's illness, a recent 
survey published in the British 
Medical Journal shows that 
men are nowhere near as 
conscious of the need for 
checking for lumps in the 
testes as women are of examin- 
ing their breasts and having 
regular cervical smears. 

O’Neill's condition is lym- 
phoma — a family of cancers of 
which the best-known member 
is Hodgkin's disease. It has 
four stages: in the first only 
one group of glands is in- 
volved; in the second, two or 
more groups of glands on the 
same side On the diaphragm; 
in stage three the disease 
spreads to both sides and in 
stage four it affects other 
organs, such as the longs, liver 
or bone marrow. 

The will to live and the 

courage of the patient directly 
affect the outlook in both 
Hodgkin's disease and testicu- 
lar tumours. Patients do better 
if they are convinced of the 
importance of treatment and 
arc prepared to tolerate the 
unpleasant side effects. 

Milk race 

/~v ^ Dr Anne Fer- 

- \ j guson, a consul- 

A taut physician 
8 at Edinburgh 
WU R University, has 
V EH 8 shown that 
W wmm m there are racial 
differences in the production of 
lactase, the enzyme needed for 
the digestion and absorption of 
lactase (milk sugar). 

Her work explains why some 
people are unable to drink milk 
(a condition often wrongly 
described as milk allergy) and 

provides a biochemical reason 
for the amount of soared cream 
and yoghurt used in many 
Indian and Persian 

About 96 per cent of Western 
Europeans secrete lactase 
throughout their lives, while 75 
per cent of Africans, Indians, 
Persians, Arabs and Eastern 
Europeans become milk intol- 
erant to a varying degree 
between the ages of 15 and 25, 
when production of the enzyme 

As milk intolerance can 
cause nausea, vomiting, 
abdominal distension, pain 
and diarrhoea it is not surpris- 
ing that iu many cultures fresh 
milk is soured or tuned to 
yoghurt — processes which 
reduce the lactose content and 
make it digestible. 

The unlucky 4 per cent of 
Caucasians who do not pro- 
duce the enzyme need no longer 
go without fresh milk however, 
as it is now possible to buy a 
range of milk and milk prod- 
ucts (taaaid) which have been 
treated with a lactase enzyme 
manufactured from a fungus, 
which reduces the lactose con- 
tent by 70 per cent. 

Dr Thomas Stuttaford 




From 52 Habitat Stores or send o cheque for £1.50 mode payable to Habitat Designs Ltd. 
P.0. Box 25, Wallingford, Oxon 0X10 9DQ or Credit Cord holders con phone (0491) 35511. 















































I I 







The Duchess of Windsor didn't; 
Lbrd Snowdon wouldn't; Koo 
Stark hasn't But the Queen's 
cousin, Patrick Lichfield, is about 
to kiss and tell all to a Sunday 
paper. I understand that The Mail 
on Sunday has paid more than 
£100,000 to serialize the newly- 
divorced royal photographer's 
autobiography this autumn. Not 
bad for an opus entitled Not the 
Whole Truth.. It may be recalled 
that ealier this year a £105,000 
writ was issued against Lichfield 
over his involvement in Pier 31, a 
fashionable Chelsea restaurant. 
The year before he raised £46,000 
by auctioning off four family titles. 

Budget time 

Could the Tory decision not to use 
ific prestigious Royal Bath as its 
conference hotel in Bournemouth 
in October have something to do 
with the facL that it is owned by De 
Vere Hotels, who also own the 
Grand Hotel in Brighton? Not so, 
says Talbot Massey. Bourne- 
mouth's conference marketing 
director. The choice of the more 
down-market Highdiff Hotel was 
made well before the Brighton 
bomb went off — and for a much 
more mundane reason: at £60 a 
night the Tories jibbed at the 
Royal Bath prices. 


“No excuse now if Mi 
he can't nsc our air 

Age-old problem 

Geriatrics beware, your complaint 
is catching, according to a Council 
of Europe report on “areas with 
demographic problems involving 
population structure with specific 
reference to ageing". The report, 
says a press notice, uses maps and 
figures to pinpoint areas which 
suffer from “excessive ageing" 
and. what is worse, have a 
“ contagious effect on neighbour- 
ing areas, combining with them to 
form larger areas of ageing" 
Where are they? The press notice, 
at least, gives no hint. 

City limits 

A tale of two Labour councils. 
Alarmed that only 41 per cent of 
its non-manual workers live 
within city boundaries. Manches- 
ter City Council has announced 
plans to forbid outer-suburb 
dwellers from joining its payroll. It 
is all so different from Hammer- 
smith and Fulham, where the 
council is advertising the £39.500 
post of chief executive with the 
promise: “You are welcome to 
apply whatever your gender, race, 
colour, ethnic origin, nationality, 
sexual orientation, religious be- 
liefs or practices, ages or 
disablement" A spokesperson for 
the council's personnel depart- 
ment told me “l can't see why a 
Dutchman shouldn't get the job." 
• The Italians know bow to 
honour their heroes. Diego 
Maradona, the Argentine star of 
the Naples soccer team, has just 
lent his name to an orange-and- 
lemon flavoured ice cream. 

At a distance 

The Bclgrano again bobs to the 
surface again next week, this time 
in the left-wing waters of the Half 
Moon Theatre in east London. 

where a play on the sinking is 
" “ Berkoff. 1 

being staged by Steven 

do not think it is unfair to describe 
his attitude to the present govern- 
ment as cxocctist "I want to be 
sued and taken to courC' he says 
in the current issue of the London 
magazine Midweek. “I want logo 
up before the Old Bailey for 
slander. Malicious slander." Since 
he has dubbed Mrs Thatcher 
“Maggot" and her then foreign 
secretary "Pimp", no one can 
accuse him of not trying. 


How deep is Labour’s green 

Moves by Norman St John Stevas. 
the former arts minister, to 
encourage freer movement of ait 
treasures across EEC boundaries 
are meeting with some derision in 
the an establishment. As chair- 
man of the Royal Fine An 
Commission he is planning a 
seminar with the European Move- 
ment to examine the barriers to 
free movement of art. Sceptics, 
however, privately question the 
level of commitment to the ideal 
from our European partners, such 
as Greece - determined to re- 
trieve the Elgin marbles - Spain 
and Italy. They say it is ridiculous 
that Britain, which already has 
fewer stops on art exports than 
practically any other member 
country, should be taking the lead 
in further liberalization. Mean- 
while, others in the art world are 
chuckling that the seminar will be 
held in the library of the St 
James's Square he adq uarters of j 
ibe Museum and Galleries 
Commission, a body with a pro- 
fessional interest in keeping our 
heritage within these shores. 

The Labour Party will enter the 
next election promising to build. 
Its plans speak of a great resur- 
gence in council acquisition of 
bnd for housing. Construction, by 
local authorities and private con- 
tractors. is to boom to help reduce 

After the announcement on 
Wednesday. Labour also has a 
policy for the environment. It will 
establish a ministry of environ- 
mental protection: a department 
of development control. Devel- 
opers of gram fields will have to 
lodge "environmental impact ass- 
essments". The countryside. Dr 
Jack Cunningham averred, will be 
safe in Labour hands. 

The concrete for Labour's new 
houses will therefore not be 
poured on the rural acres. So 
where will it run? The implied 
Labour answer is that the bouses 
can be safely erected in the inner, 
city, where greenery is limited and 
bricklaying would bring much 
needed employment 

The party has a policy for rural 
Britain. It has had for some lime a 
lively policy for the inner city 
cores. It has no policy for the bits 
in between — a vast territory of 
suburbs, expanding towns like 
Cambridge and Reading, and the 
shire counties adjoining metro- 
politan areas. This is where the 
swing voters live. This is where 
people want to live, and where 
competition between the concrete 
and the green is acute. 

David Walker sees a problem for Labour 

in reconciling its promise of more 
housing with environmental protection 

Berkshire and mid-Essex, in 
Cheadle and Solihull, and they are 
ready to build the houses?' Jeff 
Rookcr. Labour's housing spokes- 
man. has said that green belts 
mean little to his inner-urban 

In the bestiary of the Labour 
left, few creatures arc reviled more 
than Ramsay MacDonald, traitor 
to the cause. Yet MacDonald's 
was the presiding spirit the other 
day when the party announced its 
adherence to the environmental 
cause. It was MacDonald, drawing 
on deep party roots going back 
beyond William Morris, who in 
1926 first tinged the red flag with 
the green by giving his support to 
the establishment of what is now 
the Council for the Protection of 
Rural England. 

Since then the two colours have 
co-existed rather than blended. 
Labour in the 20ih century has 
bcCn an urban political party, its 
supporters and its concerns lo- 
cated in the great cities. For the 
countryside its concern has been 
mistily sentimental, symbolized 
by the Woodcraft Folk and Fabian 
camps in the Surrey hills. Party 
conferences have consistently 
given their support to ameliora- 
tive measures for agricultural 
labourers, but in power Labour 
has proved equally as friendly to 
big environmentally-intrusive 
fanning as the party of the squires 
and shires — perhaps more so. 

Labour's manifesto will put 

spending on inner city problems at 
the head of the Use homelessness, 
easier access to accommodation 
for tire young, schemes for first- 
time buyers. Chris Smith MP 
wants “strategic authorities" with 
new powers of compulsory pur- 
chase in districts of housing need. 
Roy Hatters Icy asked local 
authorities in February to prepare, 
in advance; building programmes 
that could quickly be set in train. 

But how much freedom would 
Labour policy give to. say. the 
Labour-controlled City of Oxford? 
Oxford council wants to maintain 
its employment base. It wants to 
see housing in the city that young 
people can afford Both the city 
council and private developers 
want to build in the Oxfordshire 
countryside around the ring road 
What would an “environmental 
impact statement" have to say? 

The CPRE praised Kenneth 
Baker, as Environment Secretary, 
when — contradicting the rhetoric 
about housing choice and labour 
mobility put out by Mrs Thatcher 
and Cabinet colleagues — be 
forbade Oxford's expansion. 

And what would be the response 
when private developers tell La- 
bour that people want to live in 

constituents; the policy statement 
ns" tn 

“strongly supports" them. How 
deep is the party's verdure? 

The statement on environ- 

mental policy is a stopping point 
Inc Labour as a 

in a battle to redefine 
low-growth party. In 1964 and 
1974 Labour returned to govern- 
ment committed to economic 
growth, consumption and devel- 
opment. How else could a party 
representing the have-nots op- 

The symbols of its commitment 
were, in 1964. a grandiose scheme 
for a Land Commission, to 
collaborate with local authorities 
m skimming off the profits of 
development in 1974 Labour 
promised a Community Land Act 
with a similar aim. Both initia- 
tives foiled but the point is how 

clearly they showed Labour's wish 
to profit froi 

>m growth. In 1986, 
Labour's priorities have shifted 
Deep within the party head- 
quarters in Walworth Road a 
committee is said to be labouring 
to produce a scheme for land But 
what is put. first, into the public 
eye is the party's environmental- 
ism. its suspicion of development 
and growth. 

The author is Social Policy 
Correspondent of The Times. 


In the hoi. dank marshes of 
Howeiza and in the grey desert 
east of Basra, the Iraqi armies of 
President Saddam Hussain are 
waiting, with concern and trepida- 
tion. for what the Iranians have 
publicized as the most ferocious 
and definitely final offensive of 
one of the world's bloodiest 

The Iraqi rear lines stretch 
through the swamps and broken 
canals; the front lines run in half- 
mile “boxes" through the sand 
and ravaged palm plantations, a 
200-mile bastion of artillery bat- 
teries so deep and established with 
such confidence that there are car 
parks behind them so that the 
gunners can drive to Basra when 
they are off-duty, or travel home 
to Baghdad on leave. 

Very soon now. it is all likely to 
come to an end. The Iraqis do not 
think the Iranians will attack just 
yeu with the midday temperature 
standing at well over 100 
degrees-Perhaps in a week or two 
they will come, when the tem- 
peratures start to drop, or perhaps 
on September 20 - the anniver- 
sary of the day. six years ago. when 
Saddam Hussain ordered his ar- 
mies 10 invade Iran. 

American satellite photographs, 
however, clearly show that the 
Iranians have not been exaggerat- 
ing: 650.000 Iranian troops are 
ready to attack across the marshes. 
Tehran radio says it will all be 
over by next spring. 

Even the Americans are now 
voicing grave concern about the 
outcome of the Gulf War. No 
conflict with Libya would match 
an Iranian victory in its implica- 
tions for the Middle East and for 
the WesL 

For the Arab states along the 
western coast of the Gulf, the 
consequences of an Iranian suc- 
cess would be momentous and - 
for their rulers — appalling. The 
Iranian capture of the port of 
Basra would effectively turn the 
Gulf into a Shi'ite lake. Southern 
Iraq would be cut off. a fledgling 
Iraqi Islamic republic. 

Little wonder that the shaikhs 
and emirs of the Arabian penin- 
sula are now looking to Wash- 
ington for further guarantees of 
protection. As usual, the Arabs 
believe the Americans can bring 
the war to an end. ft is a sign of 
Ihejr military vulnerability and 
political impotence that they have 
always thought Washington and 
Moscow could “switch ofT the 
war once its continuation ceased 
to serve the advantage of wasting 
away two of the region's greatest 

Officially, of course, the Iraqis 
take a different view. Saddam 
Hussain brooks no demonstration 
ofdoubL His ambassadors abroad 
talk only of Iraq's self-confidence. 
When King Husain of Jordan or 
President Mubarak of Egypt visit 
Baghdad, they are repeatedly as- 
sured by Saddam that the Iraqi 
army can be relied upon to turn an 
Iranian offensive into a catas- 
trophe. Do the Iraqis not have* 
control of the air? Did not the 
Iraqi air force fly a devastating 

As Iran prepares its biggest offensive, 
Robert Fisk outlines an end to the Golf war 

that would leave honour satisfied 

Why Saddam’s 
days could 
be numbered 

V-*0| V.". . . v .. •••■ K V.V ‘ ' , . ■ 

.rN- ' 
>Y.r.-w v 1 

Vis.'- - ! O';' % 

W- ’ •; • . • • 

■ •: 

Jubilant Iranians after the capture of Fan. But can 
they penetrate the Iraqis* defence in depth? 

longrrange air raid against the 
Iranian oil-loading terminal on 
Sirri island? Do the Iraqis not 
possess the more sophisticated 
military equipment? 

Noone speaks of Fao and —soil 
is said in the Arab Gulf states — all 
mention of that humiliating Iraqi 
peninsula and its Iranian occupi- 
ers is now banned m political 
conversation with Saddam. Only 
in military discussion does the 
name come up. 

For senior officials of the Iraqi 
Ba'aih party are putting about 
their own scenario of the coming 
Iranian offensive, partly to re- 
assure themselves, portly to inject 
some confidence into their Arab 
allies, partly to let the Americans 
know how they envisage the 
possibility of superpower inter- 
vention. The war will end, they are 
saying privately, when the Ira- 
nians capture Basra. 

This, for the benefit of those 
who value the curios of history, is 
how their theory goes: han 
launches a two-pronged offensive, 
pouring equipment and supplies 
to its men on the Fao peninsula — 
captured in a brilliant midnight 
assault on February 9 — and then 
attacking westwards from Fao to 
capture the derelict Iraqi naval 
base at Urn Qasr and cut the 
Baghdad-Kuwaii road north of the 
Al Jahrah frontier post. North of 
Basra. Iranian troops would 
swarm over the marshes and cut 

the main Baghdad highway above 
the city. 

Basra would effectively be cut 
off. its Iraqi defenders bottled up 
in the ruins of the city and forced 
to surrender while the victorious 
Iranians sweep northwards in the 
hope of capturing Kerbala. one of 
the holiest of Shi'ite shrines. 

This is. in feci, the most likely 
Iranian strategy once the offensive 

begins. The Iraqi theory, however. 

: foil of Basra. 

goes beyond this. Tbe l 

they argue, would drastically alter 
the map of the Middle East. Iran 
would emerge as a regional super- 
power. controlling the entire Gulf 
waters. Iran's oil exports would 
flow smoothly again while 
Ayatollah Khomeini would now 
be able to intimidate the pro- 
Western Arab Gulf nations. 

Neither the United States nor 
the Soviet Union could tolerate 
this, and Moscow would give its 
lach approval to US involvement 
The Americans would reinforce 
their five-unit task force in the 
Gulf, sail to the north-western 
corner and threaten military inter- 
vention if both sides did not 
return to their respective sides of 
the international frontier. The 
Iraqis would thus regain Basra and; 
retake possession of the Fao 
peninsula. The withdrawal of the 
Iranians would provide the Iraqis 
with their victory. Iran would 
have lost the war because Saddam 
Hussain would remain in power. 

So the theory goes. And it is 
typical of Iraq's powers of delu- 
sion that its officials should 
actually discuss such ideas, albeit 
without Saddam's consent. But 
the Americans are not going to 
commit themselves to any such 
intervention in order to save the 
Iraqi president or his army. 

An Iranian victory would cer- 
tainly provoke strong words from 
Washington and further guar- 
antees to friendly stales in the 
area. But the Americans have 
given them a somewhat different 
scenario. It nuns much like that of 
the Iraqis, up to the point where 
the Iranians have captured Basra 
and turned north. But then, so the 
Arabs have been led to under- 
stand. it will be “up to the Iraqi 
army" This is not an allusion to 
the army's fighting ability but to 
its preparedness to replace 
Saddam Hussain in the face of 
defeat. In other words, if the 
Iranian offensive is successful, the 
West will indeed tolerate the 
downfall of Saddam — an over- 
throw which is Iran's condition for 
ending the war. 

The Americans would be un- 
happy at such an outcome of the 
war. Yet if this brought about an 
Iranian withdrawal to the inter- 
national border, it would restore 
Iraqi national morale, lessen the 
fears of America's friends in the 
Gulf and provide Iran with the 
victory it has been, demanding,. 

Such calculations must already 
have been pondered in Tehran, if 
only because the recent fall in oil 
prices makes il cripplingly expen- 
sive to continue the war.In Iraq, 
there is talk of grumbling within 
the army, of complaints that 
Saddam refuses to listen to criti- 
cism. that an officer who protests 
that he lacks ammunition or 
supplies is invariably transferred 
to another unit or retired as 
“unreliable". So the next few 
weeks arc likely to prove among 
the most, critical in the long 
tragedy of the Gulf war. 

America today is hoping for a 
coup in Libya. But il is always 
possible that another, for more 
powerful and influential Arab 
leader will go first. 

Prosperity for all, except the elite 


The news was familiar, even a 
little tired. The goverment wants 
to dose unprofitable coal mines 
and redeploy - codeword, many 
believe, for eariy retirement, lower 
wages and a tougher life — their 
miners. The men are restless. 
Several hundred have left; others 
go slow. “They want us to work at 
an opencast mine." comes a 
typical comment, "but what's the 
point of that? This is my home, 
and there's work to be done here." 

Not Yorkshire, but Hungary. 
Not "get on your bike" capitalism 
but East European socialism. 
Something, it is clear, is wrong 
with the state of the workers in the 
workers' state. Hungary is suffer- 
ing from the classic dilemma of 
reforming communism as it 
comes tentatively to grips with 
market forces. 

The country has 36 mines which 
on average produce coal at a 
cheaper rate than the world price 
of oil. But the profitable coal is 
lignite from vast opencast mines, 
while the deepshaft pits are 
becoming more and more expen- 
sive to exploit. Fourteen pits run 
at a loss totalling £30 million a 

The goverment plan to dose 
them and redeploy their workers 
at the profitable opencast mines 

makes economic sense. And It is 
not inevitable that any miner 
would lose his job: the industry's 
72,000 workforce is usually a few 
thousand under strength, despite a 
number of temporary recruits 
from Poland. But the workers are 
furious, not just over the plan 
itself but. many complain, tbe lack 
of consultation. 

The economic reforms in- 
stituted under the leadership of 
Janos Kadar. leading to well 
slocked shops and an upsurge of 
personal enterprise, have been 
built on the back of a depoliticized 
working dass. Between 1945 and 
1980 Hungary's industrial work- 
force increased from 650.000 to 
2 million. The original workers, 
city based, were sympathetic to 
socialism. The newcomers have 
not cut their ties with the country- 
side — many go back to the farm 
at weekends — and are motivated 
less by political ideology or 
exhortations to greater effort than 
by self-interest and the money 
necessary to maintain a high 
standard of living. 

One inevitable result is lower 
productivity during the official 
working day. but an even greater 
problem is the resentment of 
workers in the basic industries — 
coal, steel and heavy engineer- 
ing —for whom such opportu- 
nities do not exist Neither do they 
have the skills that could be put to 
use in the black economy. 

Under the Kadar reforms, fac- 
tory employees can work after 
hours, in their own factories with 
materials bought from the 
management, to produce goods 
which they sell independently. 

Heavy industry is at the very 
heart of a socialist state, its 
workers the proletarian aristoc- 
racy. But 'as the profit motive 
grows ever stronger, they are 
beginning to resemble an en- 
dangered species. The authorities 
can and must make concessions to 
them. Unprofiiable steel foundries 
are kept going, miners are paid 50 
per cent more than the average 
wage and enjoy housing and 
retirement benefits denied to oth- 
ers. But it is still not enough to 
keep them contented at a time 
when the economy is faltering.- 

in Budapest, an energetic estate 
agent can eam more than 1 00.000 
forints a month (about $2^00) 
against an average income of 
6.000 forints. Such differentials 
might not matter unduly if tbe 
economy was thriving. But .it is 
labouring under a 110 billion 
debt - the highest per capita in 
Eastern Europe — lower titan 

planned industrial and 
cultural output, a growing 
deficit, a drop 'in the standard of 
living and an annual inflation of 
around 8 per cent. Factories need 
modernizing, but the the money is 
not available. 

This is Kadar's headache. The 
present state of the economy 
allows hardliners to cast doubt on 
further reforms. Instead they can 
argue that the worker, not profit, 
must be given priority. And by 
"worker" they mean the dis- 
gruntled and demoralized in the 
mines and steelworks. 

. The reformists are fighting 
back, saying the only way out of 
the economic mire, is more, not 
less, reform. Rigorous enforce- 
ment of the bankruptcy law for 
example, and more imaginative 
ways of seeking profit. They argue 
that if Hungary were to con- 
centrate on higher productivity, it 

u'Ai ilrl Imi'a - — - 

would have to buy more raw 
f West - 

; — ~ uiuu. I am 

materials from the West - and oil 
from the Soviet Union - pushini 
its foreign debt to the levels o: 
Poland or Romania. 

Somehow a balance must be 
found between profit and worker, 
otherwise Hungary may end up as 
a sad. brave case of workers’ 
paradise lost 

Roger Boyes 


David Watt 

Stow away the 
big stick 

Here wc go again. The Americans 

begin well publicised naval w- 
crciscs off the coast of Ubjja with 
the obvious intention of frighten- 
ing Colonel Gadaffi. President 
Mubarak' of Egypt has his arm 
twisted by Washington into taking 
pan in the exercises and so lend 
colour to the American claim to 
represent the international comm- 
unity in this matter. , „ 

President Assad of Syria im- 
mediately flics to Libva to dem- 
onstrate solidarity against Amer- 
ican ““imperialism". Mrs 
Thatcher, who found herself last 
spring pushed into the role now 
occupied by Mubarak, shakes in 
her shoes at the possibility of 
being asked once again to allow 
British bases to be used for a raid 
on'Tripoli. Opposition politicians 
all over Western Europe., sensing 
the hostility of public opinion to 
American high-handedness, cap 
be beard gleefully sharpening their 
rhetoric to denounce the slightest 
sign of government support for 
American action. 

In short, the stage is apparently 
being set for another messy raid- 
Atiamic row with all sort of 
unpleasant side effects in Europe 
as well as the Middle East. 

: . What'arc the American reasons 
for advertising this show of 
strength as they have? First, as 
always, domestic and political. 
The mid-term congressional elec- 
tion campaign begins next week. A 
spectacular terrorist assault 
against an American target in 
September or October would leave 
the Reagan adminsirarion open to 
familiar and effective Democratic 
charges of being all words and no 
action. The naval manoeuvres are 
by way of an insurance against 
this: but of course, demonstra- 
tions of American power are 
popular and dcciorally rewarding 
in any case. 

Secondly we must assume that 
at least some important people in 
Nato. the Security Council and the 
State Department really believe 
that much of Middle East-inspired 
terrorism originates with Gadaffi 
and that it is because of the raids 
in April that Gadaffi. and hence 
the terrorism scene at huge, has 
been so graiifyingly quiet ever 
since. The visible threat of more 
punishment is supposed to head 
off any revival of Libyan activity 
and ensure continued peace. 

Finally there is the question of 
the allies. The uproar in Europe 
after the last attacks taught Wash- 
ington several lessons. One was 
that the political fail-out in Italy, 
West Germany and Britain was so 
serious that the government of 
none of these countries could be 
relied on to help the US in another 
physical assault. The corollary of 
this, however, was that the fear of 
another American attack could be 
used to induce the Europeans to go 
along with more stringent eco- 
nomic sanctions as the lesser evil 
Il therefore seems likely that the 
military demonstration in the 
Gulf of Sine is partly intended to 
frighten us into tightening the 
non-military screw. 

What should be our reaction to 
all this? So for as the American 
political angles are concerned, 
there is nothing to be done except 
grin and bear them, noting once 

more that we should be unwise fov 
put all our money cm a "speejal 
relationship" with the US m its 
present erratic political condition. 
As for economic sanctions, why 
not? If Western Europe, the US 
and half the Middle East is infect 
united in regarding Gadaffi as is 
need of restraint, if it can be done: 
then the best practical method of - 
doing so is by restricting tbe sate of . 
Libyan oil. - f 

The British government has 
been reluctant to acknowledge this 
openly for fear of being taunted 
with the South African analogy. 
But economic sanctions are in Set 
infinitely more likely to te efjee.. 
live in the Libyan case thunfe- 
South African because ofL&ja's 
dependence on a single comimxk . 
ity and GadaffTs on a relatively - 
limited domestic power . base, ' 
quite unlike the Afrikaner omukk 

AU this is reasonably straight. . 
forward. What is neither reason- 
able nor straightforward is that we 
should accept the American, view . 
that the Gadaffi menace is so 
serious as to justify violent mill-. 
vary threats. The truth is that 
Gadaffi. though a genuine , nui- 
sance. is pot by a tons way the 
most serious cause or terrorism 
and instability. For this wc must 
look, in the first place, to the - ' 
various Palestinian- splinter 
groups and to the Syrians who - 
support them, and ultimately ip- - 
the intransigence of both rides in 
the Arab-Israeti dispute. If Gadaffi 
foils by one means or another tte 
world wilt be a better place, but h 
is futile to expect terrorism lb be ' 
greatly reduced as a result. 

The reason tbere has been , ao 
major incident jsince April may 
have been margmallydue to the - 

feci that the manic-depressive 

Gadaffi has been in a depressive . 
phase, but prinapaHy because of , 
greatly improved safety measures - 
against terrorisraftf alt kinds. The ; 
CIA could be codfeci in saying that 
Gadaffi is aowftpconung manic 
and threaienfng|reyengp. but the - 
moral is tbtd.wogtjaould redouble - 
our vigilance. J. ' • • 

The main praca bat flaw, in the - 
American preSbedbce for militaty ; 
solutions isthat It derates Gadaffi . 
and his cause to absurd prom- * 

moreover ... . Miles Kington 

Is it is or is 

it ain’t? 

Many of the most famous song 
titles are in the form .of questions, 
and none of them, as far as 1 know, 
has ever been answered. Today I 
intend to provide the answers to 
all of them, so if you've ever 
wanted to know if it’s true what 
they say about Dixie or whether . 
Bill Bailey really did come home 
again, step right this way! . 

Do you know what it means to miss 
New Orleans? • 

Certainly. I once drove down 
from Washington bound for N.ew 
Orleans, missed it completely and 
ended up in the Gulf of Mexico. 
What is this thing called love? 

WeiL it's a part chemical re- 
action. pan social conditioning 
and part plain lunacy. 

Isn't it romantic? 

Not particularly. 

Does the chewing gum keep its 
flavour on the bedpost ati the . 

Yes. it docs, as a mailer of fact 
But it becomes too haid to chew in 
the morning. 

Who wants to be a mfllionaire? 

Everyone does. Bui I must utter 
a word of caution here. Many of 
those who have become- mil- 
lionaires find that it docs not bring 
automatic happiness, and that 
they sccra to spend vast amounts ; 
of time and money buying, say, " 
real estate in Ireland in oirier to 
offset taxes or whatever. 

How can yon but KiHamey? 

What?Oh, I don't know. Get an. 
EEC gram., perhaps. Or pop over 
and talk to some chap called Kelly 
who knows a fellow who has a 
brother who can gel it for you. 

Has anyone here seen Kelly? 

I think this line ofquestioningis 
getting a little silly. Could we have 
another question! please? 

Oh where, oh where has my little 
doggone? ... 

The nasty vivisection people 
have takenhim. Come, on darling, 
ask me a hand one. 

How are things in GIocca Morra? 

Much tbe same as ever. 

Shall we dance? 

No. thanks.* 

Why does . the . van keep . on 

Because of the enormous' 

i iVflf 

•. .it. 
. • .M 

inenee: but a more fundamental 
objection is one of principle. It . 
was vile and wicked of Gadaffi to 
implicate himself in a plot to blow - 
up American servicemen in a 
Berlin nightclub, and no doubt tbe 
UN Charter allows suitable retail- . 
ation in self-defence. But for a ■ 
superpower “purf superpower -- 
— topkdc up tbewhatepairo^ypf • 
modem warfare, strrfb tbe capital • 
of a sovereign state in peacetime ; 
and attempt tOr.kfiL Its ruler was 
dee^y disquieting.:* * 

. Uke Fteskleftf Reag*i’s recent 
threat to toppte the Sandinista 
government of Nicaragua, the new 
threat of violent retribution on 
Libya implies the substitution of 
pure force' for international 
norms. Thae is evidently no ; 

. immediate intention to cany out _ 
either threat, but if they are ever ‘ 
executed, it wifi once again shake • 
not only the thin fabric of the 
international system but feilh in •' 
the US as a moderate and bqnefi- > 
cent actor on the world stage. 

amount of gases being burnt up 
there. Tbe sun is fully self-reliant 
in gas and does pot import, any. 

How deep is the ocean? 

• Well, to coin a phrase — how • 
high the moon? . . ': v 

Who do yon think you're kidding, 

Mr Hitter? 

Anyone who buys his diaries. ■* 
Next please. 

Where did you get that hat? 

Ah. 1 hoped you wouldn't ask - 
that. WelL Sylvia gave il to me, " 

Who is Sylvia? What is she? } 

Nobody you'd be interested in. ; 
Just somebody at work, that's all. 

Where have all the flowers 

Have they? Oh. yes. I remember 
now. I gave them to Sylvia . . . 

Who? ... ' 

Sylvia. She's the new marketing Z 
assistant .... j 

How long has this been going on? . 

About six months now. if you 
really must know, but I swear by : % 
all that's holy that it's all over 
now. honestly .... 

Is that all there is? 

Yes. yes. 1 sweair. Look, dariing. . 
I've been thinking about things. 

Far too- long I’ve neglected you.'. -- 
and I thought wc ought to start ail •" 
over again with a. lovely long 
weekend in the- country. Why ; 
don’t we do that? HI ring the office ■» 
and tell them Tm taking Friday * 
off, well beat the weekend traf- - 
fic.\. ' 7 ■ : . 

Are you going to Scarborough : “ 
Tafir? ; 

Dammit, you’re right! I had - - 
dean forgot Yes. I have to go to 
Scarborough Fair this weekend. ». 
Well, it's a vital trade get-together- . „ 
there's simply no way l ean get out 
of it and yes. Sylvia will be there, 
but there's absolutely nothing’? 
between us any more. Look at me. : :• 
darling. Don't you believe me? ‘ 
What do you want to make those 
eyes at me for, if .. . 

If they don't mean what : they. . t > 
say. yes. t know. yourYe quHfr •/ 
right to say that, look darling . . i. 
Who's sorry now? ~ 

If you new how sorry I was I had.^T 
started answering these damnfobf'^- 

• * -■ 

. .. . ..... ►. 






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1 Pe nn ington Street, London El 9XN Tefcedtone: 01481 4100 


Prospect of Nato locust control 

: Jn August, while politicians 
;and pundits sleep, the men of 
■the motor industry spend 
wakeful nights. This is the 
' - time when' the new season’s 
number plates are first on offer 
* /and when the new season's car 
•■ models contend for the honour 
. of the most registrations with 
'. ; lhat magic new letter. This is 
. ‘ the time when long-planned 
/ battles are won and lost within 
just a lew weeks. 

' Inside the industry there is 

■ endless talk of market shares. 
The real sales figures are' 

. icnown only to the few. If the 
. -showrooms are too quiet then : 
* th e action takes place in the 
; ooardrooms -7 where even the 
' most moribund sales returns 
\ can be massaged into a sort of 
' . ’jfe by devious tricks of the 
' -.''aade- 

' But there is only so much 
C Jiscounting that can be done, 

‘• only so many test models that 
/ ■ san be pre-registered as though 

■ hey were sold, only so much 
.;V:meigency aid that can be 

ipplied to the losers. Earlier 
-his week, Austin Rover, the 
. V argest part of the newly re- 
.t-.- Viamed Rover Group; had to 
.... .ace the world with figures 
- ' / . vhich showed that for the first 
- ’0 days of August its share of 
ts own home market was 
vlown to 14.13%. 

.?■ v Once upon a time such 
esolts would have produced 
. : - rational outrage. But the pub- 
, V.ic is now long inured to them. 
/..Outside the industry (and, 

. .Qore particularly, inside Gov- 
. rnment) there seems to be 
Ittle talk of the feet that Austin 
lover’s deal with the taxpayer 
based on a share of the 
- market that is at least 6 % 

"■ The Rover Group has al- 
„ ( . jady spent its cash allocation 
. . om the Treasury for this year 
. \ nd it is likely to be only 
lonths before the company 
. ikesits borrowing bowl back 
.yr more. And yet there is little 
■ ■■ ut loud silence from the 
rade and Industry Depart- 
' lent and from Mr Graham. 

\ iay, the man who Mrs 
Catcher appoirited to take the 
- ; . tairmanship of the company 
-'.st spring. 

The new chairman cait per- 
haps be forgiven for some of 
his silence up to now. He has 

been preoccupied with’ the 
future of his Ley land commer- 
cial vehicle business, and with 
Land Rover. He has shown 
understandable caution in not 
attempting to take ou all tbe 
problems of a tangled, com- 
■ pany .at once. But now that the 
attempted merger of Austin 
Rover with Ford has/ 
abandoned. Mi* Day and his 
management. Mrs Thatcher 
and her responsible minister, 
Mr Paul Chaim on, need to* 
decide what other future 
Britain's state owned car-mak- 
ers can have. 

There needs first to beia new 
spirit of honesty on both sides. 
In Downing Street Rover has 
been too often portrayed as a 
vast black beast which gobbles 
up money and gives back only 
false promises in return. In the 
company's eyes Mrs Thatcher ' 
is seen as a cruel mistress who 
gives succour 10 its foreign 
rivals and would happily, see it 
wiped out if she could only 
gather the courage to wield the 

Both sides have a degree of 
justification for their views. 
But both also have a shared 
need to stop shouting at each 
other. Only by a relationship 
of trust can the slim prospect 
of creating a profitable car 
company out of Austin Rover, 
be turned into even a reason- 
able likelihood of doing so. 

There is no more room for 
pretence. For too long Austin 
Rover has tried to pretend that 
it can recover its dominance of 
the domestic car market and 
hang on forever to its two giant 
manufacturing plants (cur- 
rently running at barely two 
thirds capacity despite a good 
export record in Europe) and 
its network of more than a 
thousand dealers. It has stuck, 
to this line, in part, because it 
thought that it was what the 
Government wanted to bear. - 
But the consequence of aiming 
at unrealistic targets has been 
disastrous, - . ... V " 

Morale within .the company 

discounted furiously to force 
the cars on reluctant drivers, 
and overall - profitability has 
collapsed, the UK, once one . 
of Europe's most lucrative 
markets for manufacturers is- 
now a bargain basement store. 
Meanwhile Austin Rover has 
damaged the brand image of 
its cars wfyich are everywhere 
to be seen on,**spedaJ offer”. 

The company needs to agree 
with the. .Government, upon a 
rate of contraction; It will not 
be able to compete across the 
whole ofthe mass market with 
Ford, General Motors and the 
Japanese whose economies of 
scale are unavailable to it- The 
marques of Rover and MG 
still have some strength. Mae- 
stros do not seem to sell 
against Escorts. Mr Day has to 
fold a space in the market that 
will bring the company some 

That will not be easy. It .will 
be much easier for Rover to 
pressurize tbe Treasury for 
excessive' pre-election band-, 
outs, to wait fora new Govern- 
ment which (it hopes) will 
back its fantasies of grandeur. 

It will be easier for Mrs 
Thatcher to play for time, to 
pay for .votes, and to tell 
herself that in her third term of 
office Ford will embrace Aus- 
tin Rover, General Motors will 
grasp Leyland and the 
embarrassments of 1986 will 
be but a dream. 

But for anyone who genu- 
inely cares whether an heir to 
the great British car makers 
has an honest place among the 
manufacturers of the 1990s tbe 
need to identify that place is 
now. Noct year the new Nissan 
plant in the north east will be 
pumping out more cars into 
the market Next August is 
going to be no kinder than this. 

Austin Rover could perhaps, 
begin by considering its own 
Japanese advantage — its 
strengthening links with 
Honda Maybe if it made .a 
jirtne of tbe : marriage of 
Japanese reliability to. British 
qesign and tradition,' it would 
s$rikea stronger chord than it 
achieves with its chauvinist 

From Mr Hugh Hanning 
Sir. On August 24 J 978. 1 urged, 
through your columns, the des- 
patch of an airlift by the members 
of Nato to combat the plague of 
locusts then threatening Africa. 

Today may I renew J&c appeal 
in the conlcxt.of the even greater 
imminent locust disaster (reports. 
August 5. 28; letter. August 26). 
There is no longer a case against it. 
since oyer half. the members of 
Nato have been deploying mili- 
tary, aircraft to relieve the African 
drought. . . ” z^. _ 

The ' situation now/ calls . for 
spited, maximum logistic .capabil- 
ity and strategic planning such as 
can only be supplied by armed 
forces: It also' calls :fof recon- 
naissance by satellite. > / 

Nato headquarters . las. not yet 
adopted such a role, in spite of the 
consistent support of %he Times. 
but h has given careful drought to 
the possibility since an/intensive 
study in 1974-75. which was 
reviewed in 1977 and;, again in 
1981-S2. *■ 

Such humanitarian work would 
be its own reward, but also not 
without value to the organisation 
itself Staffs would welcome the 
opportunity for what they call 
“hot planning** and those at the 
front end would welcome the 
order to scramble. 

The EEC is alert to the problem 
and is supplying insecticides. But 
the continental organisations 
which once provided the aircraft 
for such campaigns are no longer 
able to do so. 

The gap should now be filled by 
aircraft (tom Western defence 
resources, backed by Nato's plan- ' 
ning -and communications ' 
capability. It would not be a Nato - 
operation, but the coordination 
would be supplied by Nato. 

This proposition should be put 
to the Organisation of African 
Unity forthwith. 

Yours etc, 


18 Montpelier Row. 

Blackheath. SE3. 

August 28. 

Super Prix test 
of urbanity 

Alcohol and sport 

From Sir Bernard Blaine and 

Sir, We wish to express our 
support for David Miller's defence 
of sport against its. detractors 
(article. August 26) whilst also 
agreeing with him that v sport has 
been corrupted by. / politics, 1 
nationalism, money and drugs- 
There is one aspect of this 
corruption, however, on which 
David Miller did not comment 
When Daley Thompson objected 
to having to act as an advertising 
poster for a brewery at the 
Commonwealth Games he was 
widely regarded as being 
'‘difficult**. But surely it is objec- 
tionable that major sporting 
events are sponsored by alcohol 
manufacturers in order 10 pro- 
mote their wares, especially 
among the young. 

Of all the drugs, both legal and 
illegal, it is alcohol which poses 
the greatest threat to the health 
and lives of young people. 

David Miller mentions the 
hooliganism at sporting fixtures in 
Brussels and Amsterdam in which 

alcohol was dearly implicated. It 
is worth remembering, too. that 
even in small doses alcohol im- 
pairs the physical and mental 
- capacities required to compete in 

If Daley Thompson's argument 
is that sport and alcohol do not 
mix. he is surely right The 
sporting authorities should ensure 
that athletes and other sportsmen 
and women are not forced to 
advertise a product that they 
consider to be harmful to their 
sporting proficiency and that 
products that are harmful to 
health are not advertised through 
the guise of sports sponsorship. 
Yours faithfully. 

Greater London Alcohol Advisory 

man. Institute of Alcohol Studies). 
(Professor of Clinical Pharma- 
cology. University of London). 
The Institute of Alcohol Studies. 
Alliance House, 

12 Caxton Street. SW1. 

August 26. 

From Mr Francis Bennion 
Sir. The motor-racing burghers of 
Birmingham, the second city in 
the kingdom, should ask them- 
selves what they arc about. A city 
is a numerous society and. as 
Bacon said, "man sccketh in 
society comfort, use and 
protection” The word civility 
derives from the idea of a city as 
providing good-mannered peace. 
The word urbane. linked 10 
"urban”, has a similar connota- 
tion. What is peaceful or urbane 
about round-iho*houses motor 

The organizers will answer that 
this philistine innovation received 
majority support in a poll of 
citizens. Furthermore. Parliament 
approved it. 

Shame on Parliament! The first 
test of any democratic system is 
the effectiveness of its protection 
for minority interests. No one who 
unsuspectingly chose 10 take up 
residence in the fair city of 
Birmingham could ever have ex- 
pected this obscene nuisance 10 be 
brought to their very doorstep. 

it has never before been allowed 
in England. To have allowed it 
now reflects our declining values. 
Yours faithfully. 


62 Thames Street. 


August 26. 

has sufferedas- feilure .has , . attempts to disguise its eastern 
followed failure, dealers, have . connection. 

Is i! i s or is 

ii amt: 

rebently the 

uthorities had successfully 
reserved a united front on the 
"hernobyl disaster. Political 
aders, officials, scientists, the 
-ress, had spoken with one 
oice. The accident was a 
isaster which had caused and 
ould continue to cause much 
. jittering. It had exposed errore 
\] j 1 .•> Kirs f conduct and perhaps design 
^/hich could be remedied. 
There were variants of this 
lory, for home and foreign 
onsumption. For the domest- 
ic audience the tone was 
pbeaL There was heroism 
mid the misfortune. 

For the foreign audience, 
ad particularly this week for 
r weign scientists studying tbe 
fficiai Soviet report in Vi- 
iina, there was extensive self- 
• * r riticism. There was regret and 
dmission of failure. 

. , •. But there was no evidence, 
t any stage, that the central 
ontrol of information was 
•eing breached. Each detail 
,'Mtted into a monochrome 
licture of a disaster under 
- ontrol — the 
; racy. 


of one or two months are being 
extended arbitarily to six 
months (the immediate cause 
of the mutiny). .They are 
■“indignant, bitter and in 

Legal divisions 

From Mr George Leggatt 
Sir. Amongst his “Myths that prop 
up the Bar” (August 20) Sir David 
Napley indwtes the “myfo",ihai 
thd^ristencfe-oC a specialist TBtac 
acts.*$lgctn&V as a sieve of a 
brake^Mt unnecessary ffugaiii 

The ftaf /SS 

Since fe/thfejugfer courts both Md« 
are .represented- tyg specialist bar- 
’ risers and only one side can win. it 
would .secmjDHfofrow.if the " 

The most fundamental 
objection is that the argument 
assumes lhat every party who 
' obtains a barrister's opinion elects 
to pursue the case to court. The 
effectiveness of the Bar as a sieve 
or a brake, however, must be 
measured, not by the cases which 
fall to be decided by a judge, but 
■:. by those cases (the overwhelm! 

that “volunteer” workers from 
the Baltic Republic of Estonia 
mutinied against their treat- 
ment at Chernobyl, that con- 
trol has been breached. If what 


a series of reports in the 
Estonian Communist Youth 
newspaper said earlier this 
month is true — and they 
would have been approved by 
the media authorities of the 
Estonian Communist Party — 
the public facade of Soviet 
unity on Chernobyl has 

Rumours about the 
conscription of workers for 
Chernobyl bad been drculat- 

. despair” over their treatment 
_ It might have been expected 
that the first breach in the wall 
of Chernobyl reporting would 
come from the Baltic states, 
where opposition to the Soviet 
takeover persists at all levels of 
society even after 40 years of 
Soviet power.Estonia is the 
Soviet Union's smallest repub- 
lic; and Estonians' fears of 
assimilation by Russia are 
real. ' 

However loudly Moscow 

the spetraJisr bpimons have been 
wrong. ‘ 

If this conclusion did indeed 
follow, it would condemn every 
opinion, specialist or otherwise, to 
an inevitable 50 percent chance of 

ny inose cases (me overwhelming 33 ^trenen . 
majority) which are compromised Cambridge, 
after the. .commencement of August 25. 
proceedings, often with the assis-.' 
fence of a s barrister's advice, or Jot 
which proceedings are never com- 
menced at afl. 

■ By 'ignoring precisely the refer 
vant class or. cases. Sir David’s 
argument completely misses tbe 

Yours faithfully. 


1 Brick Court. 

Temple. EC4. 

August 20. 

From Mr S. L Miller 
Sir. Contrary to Craig Seton's 
statement on page 2 of today's 
Times (August 25) the Formula 
3000 racing cars used in the 
Birmingham Super Prix do not 
have supercharged engines, but 
instead are powred by normally 
aspirated units with a maximum 
cubic capacity of three litres, typi- 
cally giving a power output of 
around 450 brake horse power. 

Were these engines to be super- 
charged. they would be capable of 
outputs for in excess of those of 
current supercharged 1.5. litre 
Formula l engines, which, at 
present yield upwards of 950 bhp 
and which are themselves to be 
subject next season to power 
restrictions, to be imposed, for 
reasons of safety, by the inter- 
national governing body of motor 
sport. FISA. 

It should be stressed that the 
cars in the Birmingham Super Prix 
arc. theoretically at least, less 
dangerous than those used in the 
top level of motor racing. 

Yours faithfully. .. .. 

55 Strenen Avenue. 

Curb oir small firms 

From Mr James Si mister 
Sir, Your editoriaL “One man’s 
pay rise. . (August 15), 

ing among Baltic emigres even ■ ■ may protSt tbat ^ iSt 

* fore Sties ’ nmst contribute to the 
appeared. There was a report. 

that 500 men had been taken; 

control of the 
Party bureau- 

from one town alone (though 
not from the capital where 
foreigners might get to hear 
about it); other reports spoke 
of inadequate protection 
against radiation and tm- - 
satisfactory accommodation. . - . 

The Estonian 7 press reports 
give credence to these stories; 
and add to them. Workers are 
being conscripted under false 

ities must contribute to 
national relief effort, it is 
■ understandable if Estonians 
see in foe (inscription of their 
. ’menfolk/ for Chernobyl an- 
, other nail in foe coffin of foe 
-.Estonian nation. It was coura- 
geo us, but not out of character, 
for foie official Estonian press 
to air these fears in public. Its 
;t honesly holds out the hope 
that all the grim, truth about 
"Chernobyl will eventually 
come out 


that “the Government had deliv- 
ered most of the financial con- 
ditions for enterprise and growth 
that business asked for:** 

This may be true so for as large 
firms are concerned — though 
many must wish that lower real 
rates of interest were included in 
that “most” -.but it is certainly 
not true for small businesses. 

'The present Government is 
responsible for the introduction of 
statutory sick pay and of severe 
and automatic penalties- for trad- 
ers who infringe VAT regulations. 
It has also extended the coverage 
of VAT and is abolishing capital 
allowances. I could go on. 

Equally important it has foiled 
.to act in many areas where its 
many supporters among small 
firms and the self-employed were 
hoping for root-and-branch re- 

. form: employment legislation, 
rates, abuse of statutory powers by 
the Inland Revenue and Customs 
and Excise, and the unfairness of a 
benefits system where self-em- 
ployed people pay more but are 
entitled to less- 

The special measures which 
generate so much publicity and 
give credence to ministerial claims 
that everything is being done to 
help small businesses are only 
hclpfiil. in reality, to a small 
minority of high-flyers, fast-grow- 
ers and "moslly-exjxwiers”. For 
the majority, certainly in the 
Midlands, the growth in red tape is 
more evident than any emerging 
■ “enterprise culture". 

Yours sincerely. 


Midlands Area Officer. 

National Federation of Self Em- 
ployed and Small Businesses Lid. 
Unit 101c. The Argent Centre, 

60 Frederick Street. 


August 15. 

GCSE guidelines 

From Mr J. L Rcddaway 
Sir, The short answer to pr.CnJIeh 
(August who asked whether ' 
listing “that a new design of 
microprocessor might require 
fewer people to assemble the car” 
as an advantage would be marked 
wrong, is: “No". 

The fictitious candidate success- 
fully identified the fact that install- 
ing a microprocessor will have an 
effect on numbers employed He 
or she would get a mark whether 
listed as an advantage or dis- 
advantage. which in this case is 
entirely subjective. What is good 
for society or shareholders might 
not be good for individuals. 

Dr Cullen's letter highlights the 
problem of issuing guidelines for 
marking. They may well be mis- 
understood! It is also a pointer to 
the fact that the Midland Examin- 
ing Group is not simply concerned 
with rote learning. 

Yours faithfully. 

JOHN REDDA WAY. Secretary, 
Midland Examining Group. 
University of Cambridge Local 
Examinations Syndicate. 

Syndicate Buildings. 

1 Hills Road. Cambridge. • 

August 26. 


ri Lanka, tbe legendary Isle of 
rrenity, has been anything 
ut serene for foe past three 
sirs. But now, for the first 
me, a peaceful solution to foe 
tter and bloody feuding may 
Mn sight 

^Proposals for the devolution 
: power from foe Sinhalese 
lajority to foe Tamil minority 
* currently being discussed 
i Colombo with moderate 
amil leaders. The discussions 
■cus on the creation of quasi- 
tieral provinces within the 
listing unitary constitutional 
- ruciure. This would preserve 
ie majority status of the 
■ inbalese on the one hand and 
a foe other provide foe 
evolution the Tamils have 
?en demanding. 

The package offers the best 
7pe so far of a practical 
jluiion to Sri Lanka's genera- 
tes-old communal conflict, 
aving only foe Tamils’ de- 
.and for a “homeland” 
i islanding. They want to link 
® predominantly Tamil 
onhem Province with the 
isiern Province, which has a 
bstantial Tamil population 
ims from Colombo suggest - 
• at the government is consid- 

ering splitting the Eastern 
Province to unite the Tamil 
sector with the North. This 
could offer a possible, solu- 

Taken together, the pro- 
posals would give foe Jamils a 
genuine share of the govern- . 
ment in a province they can 
call their own, while maintain- 
ing foe overall integrity of foe 
island. But will this be accept- 
able to both the Tamils and 
Sinhalese? This depends 
largely on the response of three 
different parties to any settle- 
ment the Indian government, 
foe Sinhalese opposition and 
President Jayewardene him- 

The Indian government has 
helped to advise on the presort 
proposals and played a useful 
role in bringing the two- sides 
together. Now, however, Delhi 
will have to make dear both to 
foe moderate Tamils and to 
the guerrillas who shelter in 
Madras, that any intransigence 
on their part will cause India to 
withdraw its hospitality. 

Just as important,, is foe 
response . of foe Sinhalese 
opposition in Sri Lanka. For 
decades the major parties have 

played politics with each other 
on the ethnic question. It 
would be unfortunate if the 
Freedom Party, under former 
-Prime Minister Mrs 
r Bandaranaike, which is op- 
’ posed to foe devolution . pro- 
posals, were able to thwart foe 
initiative at the outset Narrow 
party, political considerations 
should not be allowed to 
override proposals which are 
so patently in foe national 

Yet foe most important 
response of all must be that of 
President Jayawardene him- 
self- He has sometimes ap- 
peared to retreat at foe crucial 
moment. This time he must 
show that he has the courage of 
his convictions. He must play 
his part as statesman to ensure 
.that the Indian government 
and foe opposition make their 
contribution. As proof of his 
good feifo, he rnnst try to 
prevent his soldiers from act- 
ing recklessly, whatever 
provocations they- may be 
subjected to by foe guerrillas. 
And as a gesture towards foe 
opposition, he might give 
consideration to their demand 
for elections, which are now 
four years overdue. 

Cricket poser 

From Lord Revelstoke 
Sir. When George Hirst was 
coaching me at Eton 60 years ago. 
he said that a swinging, throat- 
high full-toss from a fast bowler 
was often deadly for a stubborn 
low-order batsman. 

The ball must be struck and the . 
unsporting. leUial threat of. foe! 
contemporary bumper to a duck- 
ing lail-ender can be avoided. I've 
never seen' even the ingenious 
Botham use ibis unnerving sur- 

Yours sincerely. 


Lambay Island. 

Rush. Co. Dublin. 

August 24. 

I Op the poorer. I wonder who is 
Peter and who is Paul? 

Your obedient servant. 

29 Chevenham Close. 


Malvern. Worcestershire. 

August 22. 

Totally improper 

Fmm Mr Brian P. Smith 
Sir. We knew about “bare"' and 
“full" dimensions in my engineer- 
ing apprenticeship fifty years ago 
(letter. August 26) but reckoned 
them by a few thousandths of an 
inch rather than the carpenter's 
sixteenth. The more usual terms 
were “thin" and “vivid" — a few 
thou, thin or a few thou, vivid. 
Yours faithfully. 


4 Cliff Road. 


East Sussex. . 

AUGUST 29 1963 

A Kansas court decision in 7954 
Hint segrefatum of black pupils in 
school* wok unconstitutional led 
to thr Civil Rights Movement, 
which saw its climax in the great 
march and ultimately in the Civil 

Rights Act of 1964. Our 
Correspondent wax Louis Heren 

200,000 NEGRO 

From Oar Own Correspondent 


The largest Negro demonstra- 
t inn for freedom since the abolition I 
uf slavery took place here peaceful- j 
ly today. More than 200.000. 
according to police estimates, camrf> 
in a vast but orderly throng to the.) 
Lincoln Memorial to demand free- j 
dum now. 

Away from the Mall. Washing- 
ton was a deserted city. The whites 
stayed at home, offices were empty, 
bars closed, and military policemen 
took over the downtown street 
crossings. Outside, sums thousands 
of troops in complete battle oider 
stood by- 

They might as well have stayed 
in barracks. Although the crowd- 
was twice as large as was expected, 
and long after the march got under 
way, special buses and trains were 
still arriving from every part of the 
country; there was a complete 
absence of tension. . . 


The demonstration got under 
way today with a middle-doss 
decorum ruffled only occasionally 
by religious fervour and political 
activism. Neither the folk singers, 
mostly white, nor the inevitable 
cranks dented in any way the 
solemn impression made by tens of | 
thousands of decent Americans 
exercising their right of assembly 
to demand freedom for millions of 
their countrymen. 

They had come a long way since 
the first freedom buses were burnt 
by white mobs, since southern 
policemen had turned dogs and fire 
hoses on them, since one of their 
leaders was shot in the back. 

The activists were there, young- 
sters in sweat shirts and jeans, 
many only recently out of gaol but 
the vast majority were ordinary, 
conventionally dressed Americans), 
whose faces happened to be 

Handsome girls, well dressed and 
with a determined look, old men in 
dean dungarees, trade unionists, 
youthful seminarists, and family 
groups burdened with picnic hm 
chews — never could there have 
been a more un revolutionary as- 
sembly — not since the days of the 
Good Lpiri. one clergyman added 
when your Correspondentacarchad 
for a comparison. . . 

Just before noon the signal was 
given and they began to march 
slowly down Constitution and 
Independence Avenues to tbe Lm 
coin Memorial. They marched 
about 20 abreast, right across the 
broad streets, to the music of the 
inevitable brass bands. There were 
picket signs with demands for 
freedom, jobs, housing, and 


The police had requested that 
there should be no signing during 
the march, but to try to stop an 
American Negro singing in such 
circumstances is like trying to stop 
lark from flying on a dear 
morning. Many sang “John 
Brown's Body” as they marched 
slowly in two broad streams to the 
statue of the greaL emancipator. . . 

The Rev. Martin Luther King, 
said; “Five score years ago the 
great American in whose shadow 
we stand today signed the emanci- 
pation proclamation. . , One hun- 
dred years later the Negro is still 
crippled by the ma n acles of segre- 
gation and the chains of discrimi- 
nation. He still lives in the corner 
American society and finds 
himself an exile in his own land. 
We come here today to dramatize 
this shameful situation. . . we have 
also come to this hallowed spot to 
remind America of the fierce 
urgency of now. 

“Go back to Mississippi Go 
back to Alabama. Go back to 
Georgia, to Louisiana, and the 
northern slums. Go back knowing 
that all this will end one day. We 
will hew hope nut of the mountain 
f despair. Let freedom ring." . . 

Pension bonanza 

From Mr Michael G. R. Han-ej- 
Sir, Mr Siamp (August 25) should 
not despise his -3p a week extra 
from the DHSS. 

Since qualifying for the State 
pension last year I have been 
receiving an “additional pension" 
of £0.01 per week. Two written 
requests have failed to produce an 
explanation of this wild generos- 
ity. and 1 cannot afford another 

Yours faithfully. 


95 Barrowgatc Road. W4. 

August 26. 

Front Mr Anthony U'ood-Coiiiefd 
Sir. Thanks to this caring Govern- 
ment. my pension has risen by 40p 
a week. What riches! Bul alas, 
from last week 1 now pay a further 
50p for my home help. So I am 

Nuclear dumping 

. . Fmm Mr II. J. M. Hilton 
Sir. All the present candidates for 
the nuclear dump she suffer from 
some disadvantage or other, not 
least the abhorrence of those who 
live there. May I suggest an 
alternative which I feel will be 
widely, well fairiy widely, accept- 

It calls for a clay subsoil. The 
site will be mainlv subterranean 
and surface facilities will take up 
little space. Access by water would 
be an advantage, so a nearby 
navigable waterway is a point in 
favour, (t should also be some- 
where where we can keep an eye 
on it and where our opinion- 
formers. legislators and whai- 
havc-you can keep themselves 
fully cognisant instead. of relying 
on guesswork and leaping on ill- 
informed band wagons. 

May ( suggest Parliament 
Square as fulfilling all these 
requirements, and could we have a 

Yours fahhfullv. 


Daggers Drawn. 

North End. 


Boston. Lincolnshire. 

August 25. 

Privatmng water 

From the Director of the School of 
Water Sciences. Cram field • 

Sir. Your feature (August 19) 
suggests privatising water authori- 
ties on the model of the water 
companies. That ignores today's 
technological needs. 

The water companies were 
obliged to supply “wholesome and 
' palatable" water — that is. biologi- 
cally safe and good ro drink. If 
(beyond Calais, say) it didn't seem 
safe, you could sterilise it by 
boiling and have a nice cup of tea. 
Things are more difficult now. 

Water sources now cany man- 
made hazards like nitrate, 
haloforms. dioxins, and heavy 
metals, which resist boiling. Even 
if we “never touch water", they 
remain in soup, coffee and tea and 
we must consume the stuff every 
day of our life. Hence the limits 
recently set by the EEC. which are 
not easy to meet. (The authorities 
arc by-passing them with respect 
to nitrate). 

Removing ihe profit motive 
' would reduce the uige to take 
short cuts. 

Yours faithfully. 

G. S- SOLT. Director. 

School of Water Sciences. 

Cranficld Institute of Technology. 

Junk on the line "" 

Fmm Mr John D ‘Mestos 
Sir. 1 have discovered an antidote,;,;; 
to Mr Brian Harrison's complaint-'--* 
(August 23). One simply offers 
sell something to the caller. After —v 
the initial stunned response he is-..?; 
usually quite happy to deviate:-?: 
from his synthesized soliloquy. *£ 
■The result can be at the very least x 
amusing and often informative 
and fruitful. 



1 13 Privet! Road. 

Gosport. Hampshire. ^ 

■»* A 



Looking askance Z 

From Jane Duchess of West- 
minster ' 

Sir. Would the Chairman of the 
British Rail ■ Environment ■Paner , “^ 
(August 25) also consider restoring «« 
the route maps which used to hang "* 
on the walls in the old compart- •••« 
ments and which were such a - ^ 
pleasant and interesting feature? ’ 
Passengers, and especially for— 
eigners. as well as seeing, the 
names of the stations, would be - - 
interested to know through which 
counties their train was travelling.'"* 
Yours faithfully. *""* 


Maiden Bradlev (Station. Fromc. 

Warminster. Wiltshire. 


THE mis FRIDAY AUGUST 29 1 986 





The Duke of Edinburgh win 
~ visit Farnborough International 
«— '86 Exhibition and Display on 
.* September 1. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, Presi- 
dent of the English-Speaking 
Union, will attend the opening 
dinner of the 1986 World 
.. Members' Conference at the 
..... Sheraton Hotel. Edinburgh, on 
September I. 

The Prince of Wales will visit 
the Moorcock and District Agri- 
.t. cultural Society's annual show 
• at Mossdale, North Yorkshire, 
aS i.[ on September 20. 

■>'- Princess Anne, immediate past 

Birthdays today 

Sir Richard Attenborough, 63; 
Sir John Burns. 83; Sir Julius 
Chan. 47; Miss E. M. Chavasse 
and Miss M. L Chavasse. 100; 
Mr Evelyn de Rothschild. 55; 
Alderman Dame Mary 
Donaldson, 65; Sir Nigel 
Foulkes, 67; Professor Denys 
Hay, 71; Mr Lenny Henry, 28; 
Mr Janies Hunt, 39; Mr M. J. 
Hussey, 63; Lord King of 
Wannaby, 68; Mr Michael Jack- 
son, 28; Mr J. H. M. Mackenzie, 


The night sky in September 

By Oht Astronomy Correspondent 

Merucy will be in superior 
conjunction on the 5th and 
will be too dose to the Sun to 
be observable this month. 

Venus is a bright but low 
object setting less than an hour 
after the Sun. Thin crescent 
Moon just to tiie north of it on 

Mars is an evening star 
setting shortly before mid- 
night and slowly getting less 
bnght. Moon just east of it on 
the 13th. 

Jupiter will be in opposition 
on the 10tb and will be above 
the horizon for the whole of 
the dark hoars at the begin- 

by the end of the month less 
than 30m. 

On the other hand in early 
June when the elongation was 
about 35 deg it was following 
the Sun by two hours. There 
seems to be some contradic- 
tion here. 

The path of the Sun among 
the stars is called the ecliptic 
and marks the plane of the 
Earth's orbit; it is along this 
plane that elongations are 
measured. The inclination of 
this plane to the western 
horizon varies according to 
the time of year, and- in 
September this angle is 


/? W »v 

S? fa 

- at Mossdale, North Yorkshire, HM Government on the 10th and will be above horizon vanes according to 

on September 20. Mr Paul Chan non. Secretary of the horizon for the whole of the time of year, and- in 

■»<-- Princess Anne, immediate past State for Trade and Industry. jj, e rtar fc hours at the begin- September this angle is 

Master of the Farriers’ Com- was host at a luncheon held at the month, though considerably smaller than in 

... .. pany. will attend a court meet- Admiralty House yesterday in ^*9 nxi. 9 . .w* g-j r lin ~ 

••• , S, a S|±S 1 i nn ‘ 10ldeni ' iKLfciS' Urasua!M F ° r ’ Mooif in the^irea on the 17th! Thus, for a angle from 
Hall on September 26. mgn Mmiger. Saturn jj ^ „„ j,, „„ altitude 

r University news 



Kilby prize: L j Tamiyn. gaonume 
□an Ml pnze: snared By A E Neather 
(history) and J A Scarfe (natural 
sciences). Peter de Somogyi memorial 
prize; L J Tamiyn G Browne 

"nit (Oriental studies): M P H M 
kltennk (Chinese). Collins prize 
EjmIcJi): shared by P.J. HUngworOi 
jrvd S J Rosenberg. Hadley rustory 
- prize: J M Roden. Sir WlIHam Hodge 
prize (xnalhemaliesj: A Madoda. 

Lm prizes (mathematics): S K 
. _ Moore: H M Thompson, Romi Wynn 
prize (engineering): S L Thomas. Ann 
EHen Prince prize: (modern lan- 

* wages): J S Oavtson. Dr Stevens prize 

. < natural sciences): shared by CP 

Crack nelL and J S Scarte. Dr 
, r S*oneteVs prize (geonhyslca): R T 
Coales. Ziegler prizes (1 jwt D P 
T Bennett: L A F Bendy: L J Tamiyn. 

Foundress prizes: R S Lloyd: D P 
■■ McLaren (geography): A E Neather 
(history): A Porch (physics): D C Rose 

Collie prizes 

First year: R J AO (bone (dastcsh M T 
Bradshaw rEngbshj: H-M Cheah: I J 
Collins: G B M H du Parc Braham: M 
t For (natural sciences}: M P hi non 
(medical sciences): P N Huai (natural 
-- sciences): R M Lancaster (engineer- 
ing): R H Minday (economics!: J D 
., Russell (Liw). CRH Sulnes 
.. (mathematics): S A Tiffin (modem 
.. languages): M E wniuod (natural 

Second yean K Beales (English): I P 
Buxton (engineering}: A J G Calm 
(mathematics}: E T R Chidley: D J 

• - Element (natural sciences}: R P 

KeaUnge leconomtcsic M Mansfield 
- (natural sciences): S P MCNab icom- 
a puier science); V J Robinson (natural 
sciences): M D Taylor (engineering): A 
SI J Woodward (eco n o mi cs). 

eipi Minister ^ Moon in the on ttelTth. 

Saturn is still to be seen m 

!»»:>:»«>«> tte evening, but setting at 

about 2 1 h in mid-month. 
-_ T .. .. --- _ BmtHr M Moon west of it on the 9th and 

P*H*M Bokkennk. I'p BwagLAJ g east on the 10tiL 

E T : 2 Uranus does not set for two 

Mansfield* i s j p j mS*. s a K°*«o?2 hours after the Sun, but being 

a faint object it is becoming 
rw^£L j a rather lost m the twilight. 

” R . Neptune sets rather later 

than Uranus but it too is 
yrB^ p .^a°p5 d M u becoming difficult 
EfKMP h1 K ?d k Sc The Moon: new. 4d07h; 

ffjM^homosoo: s A first quarter , 1 ld08fa; foil, 

‘ Stfan % 0 °oS,i Pe *E SwaS 1 8d06h; last quarter, 26d03h- 
co£3> oaw). Algo l* approximate times of 

lucy cavendish college evening min i m a are 5d24h, 


Third year: R J LrwB (Chemistry): D 

gss g JiSrsviESK? « 

P H M Bokkerlnh. I P Burton. A J G 
Calms: E T R ChUgev: J S Da vaon: D 
J ElenKfrl: P J DUngworth; R P 
kgMmk R J LewtaTA Madoda: M 
S pmS*: S k Moore 

St George’s 

Boarders return for Autumn 
Term ai Si George's School. 
Ascot on September 9. and 
term will end on Saturday, 
December 13. Confirmation 
will be on November 15. taken 
by the Bishop of Reading. The 
carol service will be on Decem- 
ber 13. Old girls' day is on 
Saturday. September 20. at 2 pm 
with a luncheon at 12.30 pm for 
any Georgians at school be- 
tween 1950 and 1959. Please 
contact the school secretary if 
you wish to attend. 

Latest wills 

Sir Alfred Lassam Goodson, of 
Corbet Tower, Kelso, 
Roxburghshire, formerly of 
Kilham, Murdrum. Northum- 
berland. Master of the College 
Valley Foxhounds 1924-81, left 
estate valued at £25 1 ,292 net. 
Mr Julius Holstein Wehzner, of 
Farm Street, central London, 
the an dealer, who in 1968 
bought Duccio's “Virgin and 
Child” at a Somerset auction for 
£2,700, and sold it seven 
months later to the National 
Gallery for £1 50,000, which lead 
to an amendment to the Auction 
Bidding Agreements Act, left 
£391.724 net 

Miss Monica Scott, of Priory 
Street. Lewes, East Sussex, left 
her estate of £255,209 net, to the 
Save the Children Fund. 

Mrs Hilda Nellie Emden. of 
Combe. Oxfordshire, left estate 
valued at £2,044,198 net- She 
left bequests to the Erskine 
Hospital. Bishopston. Renfrew- 
shire; St Lawrence Church, 
Combe: the National Trust; the 
RAF Benevolent Fund; Oxfam 
and the Council for the Protec- 
tion of Rural England. 

£4 a Ik + 15% VAT 

(raimmum 3 hoes) 

Announcements, am hen lies ted by the 
name and perm ane nt address of the 
lender, may be sen to: 

PO BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El SXS 

or telephoned (by telephone snhs- 
nbers only) la Sf*4S1 3824 

Announcement! can be received by 
telephone betw e en 4.00am and 
SJOpm Monday (O Friday, on Satur- 
day between ').00am and 12 noon. 
pn-481 4888 aaly). For publication (he 
tonowinc day by I -30pm. 

BATES - On August 19 Ul at the West 
Middlesex Ho&nltBL to Sian (nie 
Bryant) and Marty, a daughter, 
Hamel Elizabeth. 

BUSH8Y On ZTth August 1986 to 
Elizabeth inie Hampton) and Kevin a 
son Charles Andrew at St Peters 
Hospital Chensey. 

FITZSIMMONS - On August 24th. to 
Peter and Marie Laura (n4e 
Hamonto of Loemind. France, a 
daughter. Emily Rozen. 

FOBS - On August 27th. at 
Bromsgrove General Hospital, to 
Kathleen (nte Jolly) and Peter, a 
lovety son. Christopher James. 
KASEUNIftST • On 23rd August at the 
Countess of Chester Hasntal to 
Catherine into Harper) and Ian. a 
daughter Elizabeth Anne, a sister for 

HOLLOWAY On August 27th at Ox- 
ford to Alexandra Thretfali) 
wife oT Paul, a son Archie Claude 

RVME - On August 16 th. ai Cavite 
Medical Centre. Cavite City. 
Prumphies. to Bern and Bruce, a son. 
DavM Christopher. 

KMGSMLL - On August 18th. to Lyn 
and William, a son. Nicholas David, 
a brother tor Thomas. 

LAMARQUE On August 22nd in 
Edinburgh to Mary (nee Uhl) and 
Peter a son. Toby Piers Geoffrey. 
LASGELLES - On 28th August 1986. 
ai Mayday Hospital. Croydon, to 
Janlne (nee ArUiunon) and Gordon. 
a son . Adam Peter. 

MITCHELL - on August 2om. to Sara 
and Robin a daughter. Lara Elizabeth 
Scott, a aster far Rasaiuie 
. Alexandra. 

becoming difficult 

r ? d h rC^£ : S The Moon: new. 4d07h; 

^ s Jf^wSt^ hoinB ^ first quarter, lld08h; full, 
a 5? n % 0 So^ 1 Pe< ESraA^ * 8d06h; last quarter, 26d03h._ 

award: TRW Cowen flaw). rr 

lucy cavendish college evening min i m a are 5d24h, 
^Bertram prtra: Mrs S J Bailey 8d20.30fa and 28d22J0L 

Madeleine Jorgensen prizes: I E Foste r The autumnal equinOX, 

(gcniuj^Mri 2): Mm J Morrtah when the Sun wiij cross the 

ceJe^ialMitetor from north to 
«>utii will be at 23d08h. Equal 
daw. part iai. day and night will be about 

two days later. 

Exeter The elongation ofa planet is 

Rear Admin,! John Boll, former j?, 
deputy chairman (discipline) of 

the Police Complaints Author- 
ity. to be an honorary research 

est elongation of 46 c 
last month and is still 

fellow in the university's new the same, yet it will be setting 

Police Studies Centre. 

only 40 minutes after the Sun 

will be less, making Venus and 
Mercury difficult to see. The 
opposite applies in March, 
making that month favour- 
able for viewing these two 
inner planets; our notes for 
last March record that even 
Mercury was setting nearly 
two boors after the Sun at that 
time with an elongation barely 
20 deg. 

Returning to Venus, this 
situation is unfortunate for 
users of binoculats or small 
telescopes, as low altitude in 
our climate means poor 

After evening elongation 
the planet is showing a cres- 
cent phase, and is also getting 
nearer and of greater angular 
size. Under good conditions 
the phases can be seen with 
low power instruments 
steadily held. 

Of the night sky in general 
attention is drawn to the 
Milky Way during the first 10 
days when there will be little 
moonlight- It goes right across 


the sky, from south-west (the 
brightest part) through zenith 
to the north-east (noticeably 
less prominent). 

With the coming of autumn 
we begin the "watery'' aspect 
of our view to the south. Mars 
is approaching Capricorn us, 
the Goat; it is sometimes 
tailed the "Sea Goat" (Egyp- 
tian mythology?) and depicted 
on some star maps with the 
front end of a goat and the tail 
ofa fish. 

To the north of it, near 
Altair, is Delphinus the Dol- 
phin. Jupiter lies between 

Science report 

Dormant volcanoes just waiting 
to release their poisonous gases 

Police Constable Ian Glover 
(above) with the Lord Hylton 
award for bravery which was 
presented to him yesterday by 
the chief constable of Avon 
and Somerset, Mr Ronald 

It is only the third time in 12 
years that the award has been 

PC Glover, aged 26, rugby 
tackled a man, after his lung 
was punctured by a stab 

wound in the back, in the St 
Paul's district of BristoL He 
was off work for three months 
with the injury. 

"I felt sore, but I just knew I 
wanted to catch him, so I ran 
after him and dived on him," 
PC Glover said. 

The award, a decanter and 
two goblets, was presented at 
Kings Weston House, Bristol, 
the police training college he 

The region which contains 
Lake Nyos, near Wnm in 
Cameroon includes a number 
of volcanoes which are stOI 

Mount Cameroon, for 
example, along the Nigeria- 
Cameroon border has pro- 
duced at least four m^jor flows 
of lava already this century. 

The region around Wnm 
consists of many volcanic cra- 
ters, most of which have been 
regarded as extinct. Unfbrtn- 
nately, such regions over hot 
spots deep in the earth's ernst, 
may stay dormant for centn- 
ries or eren mfllemna and then 
begin erupting again. 

Since die last e ruption s, 
many centuries ago, the Wnm 
craters would have collapsed 
underground causing a mas- 
sive network of chambers and 
fissures generated as the mol- 
ten rocks retreated back to 
their hot spot magma cham- 
ber, many mOes underground. 

As the repon cooled, huge 
amounts of volcanic gases 
would have been produced, 
mainly carbon dioxide. In this 
heavy rainfall area, lush tropi- 
cal vegetation would re- 
colonize the crater cones 
quickly and low lying areas 
would fill with thick layers of* 
sodden, decomposing vege- 

By Keith Hindley 
Ground water will have 
flooded all the craters in the 
region, wwtwKiig Lake Nyos, 
aim the water would have 
displaced mock of the volcanic 
gases mdergoond. But there 
mast be vast quantities of 
acrid, poisonous gas, trapped 
ander pressure amongst the 
shattered volcanic rocks. - 
The sodden swamps could 
bold luge quantities of gas 
slowly accumulated ova- the 
rintmes, ready to burst 
through to the surface at the 
first sign of disturbance. The 
decomposing vegetation would 
actually add to the volcanic 
gases already trapped. 

Two things may have trig- 
gered the massive releases of 
gas at Lake Nyos. If the crated 
region really is becoming ac- 
tive again then earthquakes 

molten rode moving towards 
the surface mice more could 
have shaken and pressurized 
the massive network of gas 
rich faults near the surface. 

These toxic gases would 
indeed reach the surface in 
violent ontbsrsts. Once de- 
gassed, the craters would re- 
ceive fresh charges of aaofteu 
rock and begin spewing out 
ash clouds and lava flows 


Tbe gas release could repre- 

Births, Marriages, 

and In Memoriam 

MULLER - On August 22mL to Lucy 
<n£e Neave) and Mike, a daughter. 
jMdca Philippa, a sstcr Tor Kate- 

MURRAY On August 2COt to Judith 
utee King! and John, a son. Alexan- 
der John. 

MGHT1NCAIX - on August 26th. to 
Kent and Canterbury Hospital, to 
Pauline Retd and David Nightingale, 
a daughter. Hero Joy. 

PCRTWCE • On August ZTth. 1986. to 
EUeen and James, a second son. 
Ric hard George. 

PUUSTED ■ On August 27th at The 
John Raochfre. Oxford, to Jtdta (nee 
Conte) and Patrick, a son. Wtntara 
Patrick, a brother for Alexander. 

ROFKER - On August 15m. to Mark 
and Madetyn. a son. James. 

SANDBERG On August 27th. 12 noon 
precisely at Queen Chartone** to 
Rene and Patrtcx. a son. a brother 
for Katherine. 

SftUNCALL - On August 21sL at the 
Portland Hospital. London, to 
Shbley into BradbrooKei and Roger, 
a son. Edward James, a brother far 
Chartotte Elisabeth. 

STAN! LAND ■ On August 27th. at St 
Mary's. Port sm outh, to Janet trtee 
Waite) and Tony, a son. Jack. 

SWIFT On 2EO) August at Q c ne n g ie s 
Hospital. Singapore to Anthony and 
Rebekah irtee Johnston) a son. 
Robert James Anthony. 

TALBOT WILLCOX ■ On Aims! 26th. 
to aaire Horsley and Paul, a son. 
Euan Peter. 

TURNBULL On August )30) 1986 at 
me Royal Sussex County Hospital to 
Ettzabeth Owe (itee Flint) A Timothy 
John, a daughter. Emily Jane. 

WATSON - On August 2fith. al St 
Peters. Chertsey. to Jane (nee 
Spooner) and Matootm. a daughter, a 
sister for Anna. 

WILSON On Wednesday August 27th 
at St Thomas’ Hospital to Sue Cnee 
D’Arey dark) and Ctiy. a son Hugh, 
a brother for John. 


MARTLET : DOYLE - The marriage 
took place on August 16th. at the 
diurcn or St Mary. Waterloo Parti. 
Crosby, between Mr Malcolm John 
Hartley, son of Mr ana Mrs A J 
Hartley of Formby. Lanes and Mho 
CaUiryn Amanda Doyle, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs MOC Doyle or Kano. 
Nigeria and Bournemouth. Dorset. 

HEDGES : HEATH On August 23rd at 
Saint Oswald's. Preesall. Blackpool. 
Carole G Hedges and Anthony W R 

MILLER i HHJL - On Augist 22nd. at 
Crawley Registry Office, fallowed on 
August 23rd by a Service of Blessing 
at the Church of SI Mary and AD 
Saints. BeaconsflehL Richard David 
Hamilton Miner, sen of Mr and Mrs 
Frank Miller of SL Alban's. Herts, to 
Margaret Anne HID. only daughter of 
the late Mr Vernon Hill and of M re 
Pam wn of BearansfieM. Bucks. 


PARSONS - Mr and Mrs J C Parsons, 
on August 29th 1936. Best wishes 
and love front Hilary. MfchaeL 
Caroline. Adam and Tom: Lindsay. 
Peter. Thomas. Toby and Jessmn. 


AMOS - On Saturday 23rd August 
Joan Ooostance utee Rkney) aged 83. 
WMow of Maurice T. Amos, very 
dear mother of Patience and Tony 
and loving grannie and greatgrand- 
mother. Mem o ri al Servtoe at SL 
Peters Church. Limpsaeld at 3pm on 
Friday 6th Septe mb er. Flowers to 
OM Court House. UnvsfMd. Oxted. 

I1P8IITI - On Wednesday. 27th 
August. 1986. peacefully after a tong 
Illness Edmond agea 66 years, 
beloved husband of JoUa and dear 
father of Thea. Harvey and Robert. 
Funeral Service at Coiders Green 
Oeaaurhon (West ChapeO on 
Tuesday. 2nd S eptember, at 2^0gm. 
Donations If drind to The Marie 
Curie M em o rial Foundation, c/o 
Levertoo & Sons UKL 212 Evonhott 
SL London. NW1 1BD. 

CUDUPW. Gwendoline May - On 
August 27th. wife or tbe late Percy, 
dear sister of VI and Entity and 
mother of Michael. Funeral private, 
no flowers but d onat io n s to Tbe 
Association of Friends of 

Westminster Hospital. London. 
SWlP 2AP. an welcome. 

DYE* On August 26th In a York hospi- 
tal. Ernest WtBtatn George (Jack} 
beloved husband of Stroorme. lotting 
father of - Carolyn. Funeral Sendee 
and cremation at Vork crematorium 
Monday 1st S eptember XOatn. Flow- 
era may be sent to W.C. Oliver. 114 
Mlcktegate. York to whose chapel be 
Is now rested. 

niton On August 28th. VWet 
Douglas EBtatL peacefully aped 93 
years. Formerly of . Broxboorne 
Herts, and AbtlngSon. Gloucester. Fu- 

moamr - On August 26th. 1986. 
peacefully at his home after a long 
raws bravely borne. Geoffrey 
SLLeger. aged 78 m beloved hus- 
band and companion Mr SO yeara. of 
Winifred UPodgei Funeral private. 

BROWN - On August 270t Anthony, 
of Longwood House. Cteeve HUL 
Cheltenham, the loving husband of 
Lesley and tenter of Simon. Toby. 
Katherine and Matthew. Cenevteve 
and Patrick- Funeral Service at St 
Mtchaei and All Angers Church. 
bishops draw, on Wednesday. 
September 3rd. al lo.46am. Flowers 
may be sent to Sedm Smith & Co. 

COLLINS • Suddenly on Saturday 
August 23rd. 1986. Irene Colltan 
-,T)6e Hudsonl of Briamood. 
Brackhouse HilL Hyfhe. KenL for 
nwriy of Ashford. Twickenham and 
Whitton. Middlesex {bora 1904). 
Widow of John Coffins (died 1947) 
dear mother and constant friend of 
Patricia and Angela and Precious 
grandmother of PxiL Matthew. 
Emma. Kane and Jason. Funeral 
Semce al St Leonard's Parish 
Church. Hythe. al 2J0pm Monday. 
September 1st. foBowed by bunaL 
Flowers to H a mbrook and J o h n s. 
Hythe. or donations to The Malcolm 
Sergeant Cancer Fund for CNtdren. 
14 Abingdon Rd. London W8. in 
memory of jpandsan Nalhan. 

CHISHOLM - On August 260. at West 
Cumberland Hospital, peacefully 
after a short illness. Evelyn Maty of 
Cross House. Baoue (Cambria), dear- 
ly loved and loving wife of John 
Richard Harrison Chisholm. Private 
cremation on Monday. September 
lsL A Memorial Service fo be netd on . 
Saturday. September 6th at SI 
MxnaeTS Church. Bootle, at 12 
noon. Friends welcome at Cross 
House after the Sendee. Enoidrles to 
Sftckton (Funeral Sendees) Ltd. 
Backs! one Rd. Mfltom. Cumbria (tel 
2295). ' 

WesUiampnetL Sussex on Monday 
September 1 st at ll-JOzm. 

ENGLISH On 26tti August peacefully 
at Beverley Hunting Home. Cromer 
W tonified. Maty aged 96 years, wid- 
ow of Soiorooo late of Norwidti ami 
Sutton. Surrey. 

EVERETT On Auguti 26th peacefully 
at Ids home to MUfoni-orvSea. Hants. 
Rear Admiral DJI. (Toby) Everett 
CB.. CBJL. D.S.O- Husband of the 
late Margery. Father of MchaeL Ja- 
net- George and Tony and a loving 
grandfather. Tha nksgivin g Sendee 
at All Saints Church. hOftrd-on-Gea 
on Wednesday. September 10th at 
2J0pm. If desired, gifts to AH Saints 
Church. MUford-oteSea (Roof Ap- 
peal) may be sent to Diamond & Son 
F-D~ Lower Bucfcland Road. 
Lyraington. Hants. Tetohooe (0590) 

FUNOX - On 22nd August 1986. 
peacefully at Bedford Homttal. South 
Africa. Tony FaruelL aged 79. 
formerly assistant master at 
Gordonsioan School. 

COLA On 26th August peacefully In 
Ms sleep. Re g inald James. Dearly 
loved husband of Joyce and dear fa- i 
ther of Elizabeth Lesley and dearest . 
grandfather of James. Funeral ser- j 
vice and cmnaoan at Canford 
Crematorium. Bristol on Monday. 
1st September at 12.40 pm 

HOBCSON - On 26th August 1986. 
suddenly and peacefully. Herbert 
Waiter, to loving memory of Hodgie. 
much loved husband of Gome and 
beloved father and grandfather. Fu- 
neral at GuUdfoni Crematorium on 
. Monday. Sep tem b e r lsL at 4 -30pm. 
temtty (towers only, but donaoons. if 
d e sired, to The MacMillan Nursing 
A s soc ia tion for Cancer, would be 
much appreciated. 

NMHSR - On August Z7tti. 1986. at 
the Westminster Hospital. London, in 
hi$ 7 1 st year, ptm- Forbes Kenmsh. 
MJ *.C$, L-RCJ*. Funeral Ser£re 
tt the Putney vale Crematorium, on 
Wednesday. September 3rd. at 
12.18m. Enquiries to J H Kenyon 
L«L S3 westbounte Grave. LondotL 
W2. let 01 229 9061. Mmw «* 

LATHAM - On August 25m. at Royal 
Maraden. Sutton, peacefully after a 
short Illness. Anne (itee Arbuttimo 
widow of Harry, mother of Eve. Pat- 
rick. JIU and Peter and much loved 
Cranny. No flowers please but dona- 
How welcomed to Royal •Macsden. 

McCABE - On 27th August 1986. Ian 
■Ftah’ suddenly during a visit to 
England. Dearly loved husband and 
tether of Sheila and Justin. Funeral 
Service at Aiuenham Crematorium 
on Tuesday. 2nd September at KL30 
am. Enquiries to TA. EUement & 
Son Ltd. Tel: 01 866 0324. Dona- 
tions If desired to Cancer R eiea rclt 

IKWMAN - On August 18th. 1906. in a 
cm* crash in S pai n. Sandra NoeUe. 
aged 48 years, much loved mother of 
Julian. Christopher. Jeremy and 
Aaron and dear fnend to many. Fu- 
neral Service at Ya Uendon Parish 
Church. Berks, on Monday. 1 st Sep- 
tember at 12 noon followed tty tester 
to the Church yard. Flowers to Cyril 
H Uraegrove. 114 Oxford Rd. Read- 
ing. Tel Reading 62016. 

O'SHEA - On August 24th. peaeeftffiy 
alter a long Hlnem. borne with meat 
courage. Desmond ftotridc Robert, 
aged 73. of Heatit Lodge, hnsr. Bocks, 
dearly beloved husband «d Patricia, 
much loved CaDier of Susie. Jane and 
MKhaeL respected tethertotow of 
Erica and John and adored grandfa- 
ther of Charlotte. Katya.- Daniel and 
Marcus. Service at Sktugb Cronato- 
rium. Stoke Rd. Slough, at 12 noon. 
Tuesday. Septerabo* 2nd. FtenUy 
flowers only, or donations to Dr Raid 
Strickland. Mount Vernon, pqgy 

Scanner AppeaL Northwood. Middx. 

PCA8RE - On August 23rd. suddenly 
to Rady. Andrew Stephen (Andy) 
aged 3l years, of London and 
Prestbuty. Beloved son or Diana and 
the laieOcof Pearce a nd dearty loved 
brother of Christopher. Funeral Ser- 
vice si SL Peter's Chun*. Prayttxxy 
00 Monday. September 1st at 1.00 
pm. Flowers to J.W. Bnoddeftint A 
Sms Ud. MKOetBald Road. 
Presttmry. Cheshire. 

RENNET On Aogust 26th peacefully to 
Haywards Heath HospinL Shelia 
Kathfeea dearly loved wife of Cor 
4«L tovtag mother of Ursula and 
MMcotoi aid gradraoOia- of Peter 
and Vanetea. Ftineral sendee on 
Monday IX Sep te mber al Surrey 
and Sussex Oemarontm .. Worth, 
ttonexai Enquiries to J * 
R Matthews, 8 Church Strati. 
CuckQeld, Tab 0444 413066 

PICKETT • Peacefully to her sleep. 
Doreen Mary, on 26th August. 1996. 
widow of the late C H S Pickett of 
BeddB. FtmeraL Tuesday. 2nd 
Septembe r . 11.15am. al Cbetmsfonl 
Crematorhan. Famfly. Dowers only, 
but dooabaiB would be awreaated 
to Cancer Research c/o AC Snath. 
Funeral Direct o r s . 7 Spun Rd 
Maioon. Essex, td 0621 54293. 
RENDLE . On August 27th. 1986. 
Wing C omma nde r RoMnltendto AX. 
of Ashsead. Surrey, aged 80. Moved 
broths* of Jack Randle. Funeral 
private, tod donations, If desired, to 
The Prince® Alice Home*. Esher. 

HUBERTS - On August ZTth. Kilty (nee 
Conway? aged 92. loved mother of 
Richard and Kan. at ham. 
Wtoterstoe. Darcom b e . Lewes. 


STOCKS. Nancy Marion - P e acefully 
In her sleep on 27th August. 1986. to 
her 8lst year, of The Grange. Wton. 
Huntingdon. Camts. Beloved wtfe of 
Rupert and only daughter of the late 
Col. E P Smith. R-A-, and Lady Lilian 
Crook. Funeral Sendee, al HBtan 
Parish Church. Tuesday. 2nd Sep- 
tember at 220om. foBowed by 
cremation. Fbndtv Oawere only, but 
if desired. donations to 
Htoe hl ngbreolteHositiBL c/o Dennis 
Easton Funeral Service. The Lodge. 
Broad L eas, a IveX Cantos. 
TURNER. Raymond William, writer, 
aged 60 yeara. suddenly. <m 2Sth Au- 
gust 1986. Darting husband and best 
frtend of G era ktt ne -A wise, generous 
man of honour and Integrity, he wfB 
tore on to the hearts and minds of as 
who loved Mm. He t& irreplaceable. 
Funeral Sendee. Ham. Tuesday. 
2nd September al the Church Of Our 
Lady of Mount Carmel. Ftivosbam. 
Kent fo l l o we d by the burial '« 12 
noon, at Love Law Cemeusy. 
Favenham. No flowers by raguest. 
but donations if wished to The 
British Foundation far Age Research. 
C/o Hopben and Partis Ltd. Stone*SL 
Fbye rshasn. “He fought the good 

TYNDALL - Oh August ZSnL 1986. In 
London. Muriel Katharine (Gooey) 
TVndtoL aged 95 yeara. tale of 
Canhorpe Mansions. EDgbaston and 
■ Bryony House. Setty Oak. Btrmtog- 
han. Funeral with Requiem Mass al 
St Asian's Oiurch. Conyhere St 
Birminghanj, on Monday.. IS 
September, at 11.30am. 

WILLIAMS On Tuesday Anguto 26Ui 
1986. peacefully at home to 
Camberiey. Nancy Gettatiy In her 
90th year. Much loved mother of 
Jean, grandmother to Michael and 
WuarRrandmottiar to Emily. FUnerW 
Service Monday Se p t em ber ut 
11 .OO ajn. at me East Hampstead' 
Park Cramptortum. All Dowers and 
wwfct to Camberiey and DWri a 
Funeral Service. tetephone 
Camberiey 33241. 

WROi On August 28th at home alter a 
short Htoess. Susie (itee TenncntL 
wtfe of SpUce. mother of John. 
Funeral private. 


MaiCAIITTfl - a MemorlaLSo-vlce for 
the Late Demod MacCarthy. win be 
bekl in Ihe CtwpeL StoM MandevUe 
HospjtaL Aylesbury, on Friday. 19Qi 
September, at 4pm. 

Memorial Service for Sir John Pagan 
wn be hew on- Thursday. 23rd 
Oratberat 12 no on, w Si Oeraent 
Danes. The Strand. 

TTMNCTOII. Eleanor Georgina - a 
R eomern Mass wffl be celebrated to 
memorv of Oeaoor. Symington « 
Tuesday. September 2nd. at 6 JSOptn 
j“°uMLady of Vkanoes. High St 




Woman church leader 
of quiet strength 

Mrs Cynthia Wedel the poup of 
first woman president of the immediately caunt-i.iQr her 
American National Council of resignation, bw she sw % 
Churches, and a president of reason to withdrew, stf «n. 
ihe World Council of untied in the post uttW. 1972. 

The (ttaoram shows the brighter stars that win be above Owhortroc totiie teti : 
tudeccTLomon at Z3h(ll pm) al the beginning- 22h aOpmKnUienMdte. and 
3th (9 pStwthe Sd of the rnoom-lcS) mean time. At oiacts away from Lhe 
Greenwicn mertdiaii the Green wich times al which . Py arag raiT) app Mes ar e later 
than ihe above by one hour for each IS <wo w^qf Greenwkibmd ran ter by a 
like amount If the place be cost. The map should be turned so that the nortzon 
to* Is the SSSto around the oreie) I* MOW booora. 

the zeratn bemgat the centre. Gre en wic h Mean Time, kno wn fa amuuot iien as 
Universal Time and expressed In 2Mwur notatio n, to used to toe accompanying 
nous unless otherwise stated. 

Aquarius foe Waterman and 
Pisces ihe Fishes. In some old 
maps Aquarius is' pouring 
water out of a jar into tbe 
mouth of Piscis Australis, the 
Southern Fish, of which the 
first magnitude Ffemalhaul is i 
the principal star. , . 

South of Pisces is Cetus, the ! 
Whale or Sea Monster, of 
which more next month. In 
foe early hours of tire morning 
the last of the water group, the 
river Eridanus, will be rising 
in the east None of this group 
of constellations is really 

Churches from 1975 to 1983. 
died on August 24. She was 77. 

Cynthia Clark Wedel. 
whose maiden name was 
Pierson, was boro at Dear- 
born. Michigan, on August 26. 
1908, and educated at North- 
western University and 
George Washington Universi- 
ty, where she graduated with a 
doctorate in psychology in 

1957. . , 

She became a professional 

church worker with the Epis- 
copal Church in 1931, when 
still in her eaiiy twenties, 
continuing until 1939 when 
she took up a teaching post 
with the National Cathedral 
School She remained a teach- 
er until 1948. 

She first came into promi- 
nence through the organiza- 
tion called United Church 
Women, whose national presi- 
dent she was from 1955 to 

1958. This body was active in 
promoting social reform and 
civil rights, as well as in 
bringing different denomina- 
tions together. 

Three yean later foe «as 
elected to the presidium of foe 
Work! Council ofQn&cfcgsas 
its Anglican representative. 
The post was laigcfy ceremo- 
nial, but election ton staved 
foe respect in which, she was 
held by church leaden of afl 
persuasions. -in this capacity 

she travelled widely, while 

retaining her base hi Washing- 
ton, where she speunbostof 
her life. 

She published a number of 
books: Citizenship: Our Chris- 
tian Concern (1952), The Glo- 
rious - Liberty ' (1958) 
Employed Womm oat (L 
Church (1959), Hqppy ksoe, 
with Janet Tultocb (1962), and 
Faith or Fear a$4 Fmm 
Shock { 1974). . 

Cynthia Wedel m* Wom- 
an of presence aadt qiBet 
power, who could dominate a 
meeting without needing to 
raise her voice. Handsome 
and always wdKdressed, she 
was a commandingfignte; bm, 
though firm on essentials, she 
was never one- to throw her 

Increasing involvement “ 

with tbe administrative side of 

church afiairs led to a sucoes- x£f«mi^H 

sion of positions on various 

church bodies. She was also 

appointed by President Ken- ^ ** 

nedy in 1961 to serve on the 

commission on the status of As befined the schoolteach- 
women. Such was the round of cr she. had on en, she had 
committee work that sbe.and a. culture ranging-far- beyond 

her husband. Canon Ted We- 
del, used to set two hours aside 
every evening when they 
would tell each other about 
their day's work, an hour 

In 1969, foe was elected 
president of the National 
Council of Churches, in the 
first contested election in its 
history. She polled 387 of the 
480 votes cast to beat her 
opponent, foe Rev. Albeit 
Cteague, of the Shrine of the 
Black Madonna in Detroit A 

church matters. The Wedds' 
home in. Washington DC was 
full of books, ana they were 
both keen theatregoers. There 
was nothing narrow or cliquey 
about her. Her spirit was truly 
international and ecumenical, 
and foeialso had a good sense 
of humour which, in the 
virtuous, is an nncovenanted 

She orarried in 1939. Her 
husband) who was considera- 
bly oldegihan foe was, died in 
.1970. They had no children. 

sent tbe first warming np stage 
towards such a fresh period of 

Alter na tively, it is now the 
rainy season In Cameroon and 
It has been a record one for 
rainfalls. It is possible that foe 
additional load of surface wa- 
ter brake through fate an 
entirely new network of gas 
rich chambers and fissnres 
which then nrahed to foe 
surface tip through foe waters 
of Lake Nyos. Or perhaps a 
deep seated earth tremor could 
have broken foroagh to sach a 
new network. 

The Gut that a similar, 
smaller gas oatharst occarred 
in Aagnst 1984 near Fomnbot 
fa Cameroon, kflfing 36, and 
volcanic activity is still under- 
way fa the region, suggests 
that new volcanic activity Is 
tbe most likely canse. - 

No icgkfl with a hot spot oh 
a major co ntinent can ever he 
regarded as . completely 

PKt W ft. 

The descriptions of foe 
Cameroon deaths suggest 
poisoning by carbon dioxide, 
which is always foe main 
component of rafcanic gas 
erup t ions. Scientists studying 
volcanic activity at forward 
observation posts in recent 
years have been "ove rc o m e 
quickly by such foams 


Mr Evelyn Jolt writes: Fbreign : b 

Your obituary (August 23) layed him 
of Sir David Scon did full too late fo 
justice to his diplomatic and that foe i 
gardening skills but made too bought in 
little mention of his other made an d 
passionate interest; collecting eas, which 

pictures. * - *His. oolle 

While il is true, as yon said, ; mDetlls fa 
that be bought -modem pic £ 

tures (John Tumtard was * a go 

special fiyounte), few colfec fIl i 3 fL. 
tions displayed such catholic 
ity, although David’s- JS 
particular liking was for Vic- 
uman narrative paintings. ** ' 

Among many splendid ex- Attheagt 
amples, his best-loved picture, of a receni 
seen recentlyin the “Country know if you 
House Treasures” exhibition seen him 
in Washington, was tbe en- years, but I 
chanting "No Walk Tcday” font he had 
by the almost unknown No one sic 
Sophie Anderson. This shows David, who 
a little girl all dressed up to go he had al wj 
out, taring ftwlonily out of delightful 
the rain-splashed windows of imaginable, 
her nursery. 

David enjoyed recounting Correctio 
how he came by it it was in an Scon's obit 
auction at Robinson and his date of 
Foster's in the- 1930s. but read March 

Fteeign- Office business de- 
layed him so foal he arrived 
too late for the sale, to find 
that foe picture had been 
bought in for £13. He then 
made an offer of eleven gtnn- 
eas, which was accepted. 

His collecting gained fresh 
impetus from his marriage to 
Valerie and, together, they 
added a good many pictures, 
their, latest acquisition, a 
watercolour by Tom Scou. 
being made only two months 
ago. ’ 

At the age of 97 David wrote 
of a recent visitor “I don’t 
know if you know X?. I hadn't 
seen him for about fifteen 
years, bat I got the impression 
that he had slowed up rather”. 
No one slowed up less than 
David, who thus remained, as 
he had always been, foe most 
delightful company 

Correction: In Sir David 
Scon's obituary (August. 23k 
his date of birth should have 
read March 7, 1887. 

Forthcoming marriages 

MrSJL Watson Mr CC. Perrin 

and Miss L.MJL Thompson and Miss V JVL Fancovrt 
The engagement is announced The engagement is announced 
between Russell, eldest son of becweenChrisropher, son of Dr 
Mr and Mrs Ronald ‘Watson, of and Mrs R. M. S- Perrin, of 
Coleman's Hatch, Sussex, and Dartmouth, Devon, formerly of 
Louise, younger daughter of the Cambridge, and Valerie, yo un- 

Bishop of Exeter and Mrs 
Hewlett Thompson, of the Pal- 
ace. Exeter. 

Mr BLAU. Emmet . . 

ud Miss FIX. Soow 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, son of the Hon 
Christopher and Lady Miranda 
Emmet, of Seabeacb House, 
Hainaker, Chichester, West Sus- 
sex, and Francesca, eldest 
daughter of Mr Sebastian Snow 
and Mrs Antony Longland. of 
Die Ok! Vicarage, Simsford, 


Mr DX Bain 

and Miss TJVL Cronin 

The engagement is announced 

between David, son of tbe late 

gef daughter of Mr and Mrs V. 
A. Fancourt, of Dktsbuiy, 

Dr PJU>. Short 
aad Miss CM. Wilson 

The engagement is announced 
between reter, son of Dr and 
Mrs D. H. Short, of Badcwett, 
Bristol, and Catherine, eider 
daughter of Mr and Mrs F. T. 
Wilson, of Bishop Auckland, CO 

Mr NX. StafXbrd-Deitseh 
and MIssINLA. McConriHe ■; 
The engageme n t is announced 
between Nicholas, youngest son 

Mr David Bain and of Mrs of the late Mr P. R Deitscb and 
Margaret Bain, of Hemyock. of Ducfaessa Gaetano Pattriw 
Devon, and Tacey, daughter of CasteUo di Carcaci, of Oiort, 
the late Flight Lieutenant An- Surrey, and Nicolai eldest 
ihony Cronin and of Mrs Mar- daughter of Mr A- J- 
garet Cronin, of Grimoldby, McConville, of Nonhead, 
Lincolnshire. . Oxfordshire, and Mrs A Man- 

Lientenant JJLH. Barnes son.ofHighetere, Berkshire. 

Yalkrwley, RN, • 

and Miss AXJVL Inge MrA.W.Tony 

The engagement is announced and Miss MJE. Glosaop 

z^? 1 * nes engagement is announced 
son ofMr and between Adrian William, son of 

Mrs Hugh Barms Yallowley, of 
Gibraltar Farm. Firie, Lewes. 

Mr and Mrs 1. W. Tony, of 
Otford. Kent, and Marta** 

Sussex, and Antonia, elder Efaine.’younar daughter ofMr 

fS^ M « ^H. Gloaop, of 
Mrs Peter lngc, of Manor Farm, Ramnoor. Sheffield. 

Swinhhwaite, Leybum, North 

MrD£. Brferwood 
aad Miss SlD. Hoare 
The engagement is announced 
between David Campbell, son 
of Mr and Mrs I. F. Brierwood, 
of Shrivenbatii, Oxfordshire, 
and Sandra Diane, daughter of 

Mr P J. Walker 
and Miss E. A. Flew 
The engagement i$ announced 
between Paul son of Mr and 
Mrs D. R. Walker, of Wiostodc. 
^trieywood. Hertfordshire 

Mr and Mrs J. D. H. 5 

Mr and Mrs H. F. Hoare, of 5? r *“* *>- H. Flew, « 

Hastings, East Sussex. Grove Cottage, WoobufP 

Mr SJ^. Copeland Green. Buckinghamshire. : . . 

and Mfas AJL Bhkenrare . 

The engagement is announced Mr N.S. Weston 
between Stephen Nicholas, and Miss TjL MacMUlaa . 
younger son of Mrs Margaret ■ The engagement is announce 
Copeland, of Blaiigowrie, Perth- between Nicholas, only son w 
shire, and the late Mr Hugh Mr Guy Weston, of Melbourne. 

Copeland, and Alison Rum. 
only daughter of Dr Harokl and 
Mrs Miriam Blakemore- of Hi gh 
Barnet, Hertfordshire. 

Mr 1LA. Garden 
and Miss S J. Mjtne 
The engagement is announced 
between Alexander, youngest 

between Nicholas, only . 

Mr Guy Weston, of Melbwm* 
Australia, and Mrs Dinah Wes- 
ton. of Brighton, and Tac«7< 
daughter of Mr aed Mb 
M acMillan., of Sy dueJ'F 

Mr M.C White 

V a5' T ?&. R, ^S ,, 3iP1S 'iSSES ^I 06 * Glpiiastmhirc ^ 
everlasting . memory. 'Vaien tino Mrs Anne Mac d o n ald, of Col- and Mrs J. D. White. 0 
foundoi I9S6 * borne. Ontario, Canada, and Sussex, and Nicola. 
TS'SX’TS; Sarahjane. on!^- da ughtg of Mr of Mr -ri i 

earned away an Hus day 198GL may 5™ ■ *?, MlOiaa Myinc. of Humphreys^ Of 

cod Mm tier wui in h raven. Waiter. York Cheshire. 

Delwt ?U. A,c ? a, S^ youngest and Miss N J. Humphreys 
son of Captain Philip Guraen. The engagement is nnn odttc^ , 
of Etloe. Glouastershirc and ..between Mark, elder son (/*“ 
Mrs Anne Macdonald, of Col- and Mrs J. D. White. oTSfafo* 
borne. Ontario, Canada, and Sussex, and Nicola. WS*? 

U 1V 


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‘to;-! = 

*%■ Television 

A space 

Cinema: new releases in London 

%. - 

“Do we go to lunch or do we go 
• to (be moon?** asked one early 
American screen space-sci- 
' ■. artist in a film dip shown in 
Equinox's The Spaceship. 
(Channel 4), an intriguing 
' v examination of the rdation- 

- ' ship of the cinema to space 
*! travel. Judging from last 

Part's programme, the Amer- 
leans managed to go to the 
’ moon while being "oat to ' 
lunch" — as they say over 
v . there. Getting to the moon, 

- 0 however, as one Teutonic 
space-scientist pointed out, 

: was itself “psychotherapy for 
' a nation", like LBJ^ not 
• many had wanted to sleep by 
the light of a Russian one. 

- <y The reason die Americans 

got there first, it seems, was 
. ^ because of the cinema and the 
^ ^ Germans — in particular, that 

charismatic, if morally flex- 
< ible, rocket man celebrated by 
■ i-. Tom hebw, Weraber von 
Braun. Braun, with his Aryan 
: film-star looks, knew bow to 

use die dnema. In Germany he 
got the backing for his V2 
programme by showing the 
-L..-;' Fdfarar a fiJui of a rocket- 
O'- 5 !'- bunch. In America he teamed 
ip with a more beneficent 
^ . - > world leader in bis field, Walt 
“ - Disney. Eisenhower ■ liked 
\S, their film about space so nmch 
be showed it to the Penfa- 

- - -- gou and the race was on. 

" Disney refused to let the 
' Russians have the film — not 
_ >' for reasons of national security 
' bid because they had taken ten 

-V:; years to r e turn Smo w White. 

The cinema was even 
responsible for counting down 
--- •*:: ■ rather than np to lift-off since 
Fritz Lang thought it woidd be 
more exciting in his pre-war 
Women in the Moon, which 
Braun also worked on. The 

- ■; importance of Star Trek in 
Ti. beeping np American interest 

in space was reflected in the 
■ first shuttle hems called 
IF) Cf A’ “Eaterprise". Tke Spaceship, 

1 u Oil); dealing in myths as much as 

Rosa Lnxemburg 


Aliens (18) *' 

Odeon Leicester Square 

Under the Cherry 
Moon (15) 

Warner West End; 'V. 
Cannons Oxford Street, 

Liebknecht and William Pi$ck, the 
eventual President of the GDR. by 
tiie Frei JCorps — a volunteer militia 
of former officers who provided 
some of Hitter's first recruits. 
Brutally bludgeoned on the skull 
with a rifle and subsequently shot, 
her -body was ■ thrown into the 
-Landwehr Canal. . . 

Alive or dead. Luxemburg made 
people uneasy.' As a member pf the 
5DP, she was hot only a woraatrand 
a foreigner, but a great deal cleverer 
than anyone else around. Tactlessly, 
she never troubled to hide the foci. 





£ . i • 



Albert Hall/Radio 3 

Although she was short, lame (from 
a childhood sickness) and plain of 

'VtvSSv.'-- vmAjM. 

practicalities, took no account, 
" however, of recent shuttle set- 

however, of recent shuttle set- 
backs. But we were given a 
detightfo] insight into the 
foibles of the astronauts ea- 
gerly sniffing lemon-scented 
cleaning wipes to offset the ; 
btdrof smells in their cap- 
sules. And, if you are out to 
(■neb with ^hem in space, be 
sure to bring butter-cookies. 
They wiD dor anything for 
them. Even go to the moon. 

Andrew Hislop 

In this country Rosa Luxemburg's ■ 
name is better known than Hher 
history and achievements. She was 
born in 1871 in a Poland under the 
rule of Tsarist Russia, and at 1 7 was 
already so committed to left-wing - 
politics that she was obliged to fide 
the country. As a student at the 
University of Zurich, she became- 
active in the ferocious worid^of 
emigre Polish politics. In 1898 she-' 1 
moved to Berlin where she rapidly 
became a leading figure in the Social 
Democratic Party and the Inter- : 
nationale. equally brilliant as theo- 
rist, writer and orator. 

-Her fearlessly outspoken views 
led to several periods of imprison- 
ment in Germany, while ' her 
clandestine return to Poland during 
: the abortive revolution of 1905-06 
! resulted in an horrific spell ha the 
notorious 10th Pavilion of the 
Warsaw Fortress. After this experi- 
ence her radicalism took her further 
i and further from the German Social 
Democrats. The final break came in 
1914 when the SDP betrayed its 
-pledges to oppose war, supporting 
the German war initiative in the 
Reichstag: Luxemburg spoke out for 
international solidarity of workers 
against war. apd as a result spent 
most of the duration in prison. 

Released after the war, she be- 
came a natural focus of opposition 
to the new republican government 
formed by the Social Democrats, 
and one of the founders of the 
German Communist Party. Her 
editorials in Die rote Fahneweszan 
inspiration for the short-lived 
revolution of January 1919, even 
though ironically, having dreamed 
of revolution all her life, she knew 
that this one was mistimed and-- 
doomed. On tire night of January. 15 ~ 
she was arrested.- along with Kart 

a childhood sickness) and plain of 
feature, she had evidently enor- 
mous charm and magnetism for 
men and women alike, and had a 
succession of passionate love af- 
fairs. in. defiance of contemporary 

bourgeois morality. 

Today, though honoured as hero 
arid martyr, she is an embarrass- 
ment to the socialist world on 
account of her disagreements witir 
Lenin. For Poles her international- 
ism is still g betrayal of the 
nationalist cause. For Germans she 
: is either "Red Rosa" -or a. stain on 
the, national conscience. Even the 
contemporary women's movement 
cannot comprehend her, on account 
of her resolute refusal of ghettoes, 
whether Jewish or feminist. 

This ts the problematical protago- 
nist Margarethe von Trotta has 
‘ tried to capture on film in Rosa 
Luxemburg. The problems are not 
only of acceptance: Luxemburg's 
life does not dramatize easily. Her 
great achievements lay- in thinking, 
writing and speaking, which are not 
very spectacular activities, nor do 
her wearing imprisonments make 
for drama. Her life-sioty is super- 
ficially no thrilling, tragic progres s , 
but an escalating scries of defeats 
and disappointments, ever-increas- 
ing isolation and finally the dreadful 
death, with all - her hopes for- 
bettering the world in ruins. 

Von Trotta has wisely chosen to 
balance Luxemburg's private and 
public lives. The world was hostile 
and unconquerable, but the effort 
was brilliant Luxemburg's aim (and - 
a source of discord with Lenin) was 
Communism with a human souL 
For her politics meant people, and 
her emotions were no less powerful 
than her intellect. Politics, formed 
her friends and enemies and she 
cherished, both equally. The succes- 
sion of lovers reflected.epochs in her 
poJrticaLactivity, though the domi- 
nant passion- of her life was Leo-.' 
Jogiches, her earliest: companion - 

Unbridled political passions: Barbara Snkowa strongly convincing as Rosa Lnxembmg 

and mentor. Despite a' bitter rift of 
many years they wereireunited in a 
touching comradeship it the end of 
their lives. 

Forgjvably and perhaps in- 
evitably. given the complexity of 
Luxemburg’s character and the 
political upheavals of the time. Von 
Tnma has tried to concentrate too 
much into the film. An early scene 
of an SDP New Year fancy dress 
ball (shown as an improbably grand 
affair) becomes a comical parody of 
the name-dropping style of histori- 
cal picture; and at other points it is 
hard to keep up with the breathless 
political debates. As, inevitably, she 
is forced to over-simplify and 
telescope events and characters- 
The strength and success of the 
film is the central portrait Barbara 
Sukowa convincingly develops the 
character from the sniirky superior- 
ity of the early scenes (it is dear why 
Luxemburg made people so mad) to 
the battered, solitary resolution of 
the mature woman. The other 
characters are so numerous that 
they tend to be subordinate and 
overshadowed: even Daniel CMbry- 
chski's handsome Leo remains an 
intermittent sketch. 

With a budget that would be very - 
modest by American standards, and 
using Czech locations, yon Trona . 
has re-created the physical aspect of 
the limes S- streets, bourgeois 
apartments: political rallies, prisons 

- with the son of conviction and 
skill whose excellence is to be 

Aliens is the sequel to Alien and. 
though Ridley Scott's original had 
more invention, is another show- 
piece for the technical mastery of 
the model-makers and special-ef- 
fects people of Pinewood. This kind 
of future fantasy grows ever doser 
to the past and to fairy-tales. The 
opening, where Sigourney Weaver 
is rediscovered hibernating in a 
.mislaid space capsule, seems in- 
spired by the end of Snow White. 
After this, a high-tech future world 
does battle in bowel-like catacombs 
with an alien race of jabberwock 
dragons that can only be destroyed 
with fire. 

Present-day reality also plays a 
part in projecting the future. The 
writer-director James Cameron co- 
scripted Rambo: First Blood Part II, 
and displays a fascination with war 
machines: ibis is "the most sophis- 
ticated film ever produced in terms 
of weapons technology and sens- 
ors"; British Aerospace collabo- 
rated. The characters too are very 
contemporary: the 2Ist-centuiy ma- 
rine corps are a foul-mouthed and 
dirty dozen, evidently recruited 
from West Side delinquents. The 
special-effects work abounds in The 
ooze, slime, entrails and inpx- .... 
piicable body secretions that are the 
joy of horror-movie audiences. 

Prince is also a character from 
fairy-tale, with his sequined fantasy 
clothes and backless evening 
dresses. Under the Cherry Moon. 
"A Film By Prince", is at least not 
like anything else — a musical 
romance set on the Riviera with 
Prince as a gigolo bent on rescuing a 
beautiful princess from her prison 
of riches and an ogre father. It is fast 
and featherweight, and the dimin- 
utive Prince is funny, cheekily 
charming and pretty as a picture. 

Not many classic Art Deco 
Odeons survive., but one of the best 
and best-kept of them, at Muswell 
HilL celebrates its fiftieth anniver- 
sary with a charity gala mystery 
premitre on September 9. The show 
will include the newsreel from the 
opening week. The event and the 
building are worth a visit: the 
Projected Picture Trust will have 
some of its historic cinema equip- 
ment on show there. 

Show-business memories are 
short. Last week I praised the 
performance of Dhia Cristiani in 
Ossessione. She is so little remem- 
bered that the distributors, the 
British Film Institute, published a 
misspelling of her name, which was 
carried over to this page. It was a 
small career, but deserves accurate 

David Robinson 


Donald Cooper 



Ourselves Alone 
Royal Court 

D trovatore 

Much of today's finest dra- 

souL Donna, her sister-in-law, 
knows from the beginning that 
the struggle is useless; that this 
fretful striving for content- 
ment merely increases the 

with that vexing, dream- .55?^. 

English National Opera have 
taken quite a few chances at 


taken quite a few chances at 
- the opening oF their new 

.season: but it is hardly, alas. 

, the sort of healthy risk-taking 
. ' r-: r r/ or which they have given us 
; L i.-^^such an annetite. 

such an appetite. 

_ John Copley’s 1972 produo 
' • J. tipn of II trovatore . last revised : 

' to; 1983, makes unashamed 
: capital of the opera's rcgres- 

. . .sive . tendencies. The stark Vulnerability and power: J 
silhouettes, sharp diagonals, 

. massy rock-feces and cru- and the stars, red for the more 
• ciform windows and chains of agonizing memories of poor, 
Slefanos Lazaridis’s design demented Azucena. 
make it a playground for 19th- In feet, the longer the 
century melodrama and, in evening grows, the more one 
dramatic and musical terms, recognizes a curious consis- 
. -- the production simply has to tency of purpose. For James 
. chew every bit as much as it Lockhart too, in the pit. 
bites off. Anything less than concentrates on foe moment 
. bold business, statuesque rather than on momentum: 
■ •* performances and a hard- his pacing emphasizes the 
working re-creation of Verdi’s work’s set-piece mentality, 
musical impetus make it a ignoring the feet that speedy 
very risky business. This time recitative and rhythmic drive 
; ground, there is a lot less than also characterize the score: 

Vulnerability and power Jane Eaglen, Kenneth Coffins 

In feet, the longer the 
evening grows, the more one. 
recognizes a curious consis- 
tency of purpose. For James 
Lockhart too, in the pit. 
concentrates on the moment 
rather than on momentum: 

shaped line. But her ideas lack 
projection: she. as yet only 
stretches after Verdi's arching 
arpeggios of agony and 
ecstacy. _ . 

She is vocaHy dwarfed 4>y 
both her men. Neil Hewlett, as 
Di Luna, is dignified and 
conscientious, though foe 
power of . his presence is 

his pacing emphasizes the strangely passionless. His is a 
work’s set-piece mentality, strong but safe performance, 

ignoring foe feet that speedy unlike foe Mamico of Ken- 
recitative and rhythmic drive ' neth Coffins, who seems to 

-j required. 

: Keith Warner is responsible melodic impetus, is all the emotion on behalf of the rest 
for the re-staging. The omni- more necessary when the -sets of foe cast With unflagging 
present fog of dry' ice never demand such enervating reserves .-of stamina, bis is a 
hides quite as many of the pauses between scenes. rough but ever-ready trou- 

cued-in details as one would The orchestra play well for badour with a good deal of 
hope. 1 would rather not have him; foe singers have a harder sting in foe honey, 
seen the soldiers wake and time. Jane Eaglen. one of Ann, Howard, despite an 
react simultaneously, one of ENO’s rising young stars, has uncomfortably wide vibrato at 
them crass himself exactly as ascended to foe role of Led- full throttle, also fights hard to 
the word "spell" was spoken, ' nora. The casting was cfaarac- make a rote out of her 
, 'three swords clash in perfect teristically brave and imagi- necessarily constrained Azu- 
time with three last chords. ■ native but yet another exam- ccoa. . There is more in her 
and Manrico hurl his horn to ' pie of too much too soon, voice and her eyes than this 
foe ground foe minute be has Eaglen has the youthfulness of production gives her scope 
. replied to the signal Nick timbre to reach Leonora's for. and she knows the pri- 
. ‘ Chefton’s new lighting works vulnerability of heart and the * macy of her place. 

. jn a similar push-button style: musical intelligence to realize Tlilarv Finrh 

blue for romance, the moon it in a most finely-graded and . 1UUU ’ x mwu 

also characterize the score, take it upon himself to un- 
This sense of inexorability, of leash all foe work's pent-up 

with tnat vexing, dream- 
bound region of human 
experience where people feel 
they have lost control of their 
lives. Anne Devlin's super- 
lative play Ourselves Alone, 
which has been revived and 
re-staged by the Royal Court 
after an acclaimed production 
at foe Theatre Upstairs, is, 
superficially, simply another 
drab contender in an over- 
crowded field — the naturalis- 
tic domestic melodrama set in 
the Ulster of foe Troubles. But 
Devlin's writing is only in- 
cidentally concerned with 
politics and argument and the 
rhetoric of change. What em- 
beds itself most forcibly in the 
imagination is foe darity and 
depth with which she. charts 
ampler, harder and more 
abiding , frustrations and mis- 

Her central characters are 
three women, bound together 
by foe obstinate and instinc- 
tive loyalties which lend a 

end of the play she says "Life 
just turns .things out as they 
are — happiness, sadness, has 
really nothing to do with it". 

Devlin writes with extraor- 
dinary acuteness about life's 
ability to dismay and con- 
found us, and her three 
women are brooding and soli- 
tary figures, fully alive only in 
their imaginations, trapped by 
private yearnings whicb they 
cannot account for rationally. 
It is this that takes foe play 
beyond the localized trauma 
of Belfast and outside the 
narrow bounds of naturalism. 
Despite foe contingencies 
which overtake them, these 
people do ' not and cannot 
forfeit foe ability to dream. 

The director, Simon Curtis, 
has organized foe production 
with unostentatious care and 
feeling. And there are perfor- 
mances of beautiful subtlety 
and distinction from Sylvestra ■ 
Je Touzel as foe • funny, 
combative Frieda, Fiona Vio- 

rv :f 

Beautiful subtlety and distinction: Fiona Victory 

The musical and philosophi- 
cal content of Jonathan 
Harvey’s new Madonna of 
Winter and Spring is for- 
midable enough. Bui what 
initially grips one is the sheer 
physical excitement of hearing 
(and seeing) this 40-minute 
work put together in a* live 

“Put together", rather than 
performed? Weil, a big or- 
chestra certainly performs: it 
often has flamboy 3 ni material 
to play, involving much 
concertamc spoil ighting of 
soloists (the BBC Symphony 
Orchestra was in well-disci- 
plined mood throughout un- 
der Peter Edtvds's tight 
direction). Two synthesizers 
are also employed: their ma- 
terial is perhaps more routine. 
But it is the overall control 
exercised by five sound tech- 
nicians (including the com- 
poser) in the centre of the 
arena that gives Madonna its 
breathtaking width and com- 
plexity. The "live" perfor- 
mance is electronically fil- 
tered. sustained or trans- 
formed. and then channelled 
through speakers spread high 
and low throughout foe hall. 

This multi-directional inter- 
play reaches its climax near 
foe end. when horns and 
trumpets counterpoint spec- 
tacular fanfares against elec- 
tronic distortions of their 
former selves. The craftsman- 
ship. however, is equally deft, 
whether dovetailing string 
dusters into swooshes of 
white noise or "throwing" the 
sound of a solo instrument far 
from its source. 

So Madonna is a technical 
and colouristic tour de force, 
but it also parades ' high 
intellectual purpose. The mu- 
sic fells into four clearly- 
audible phases, which Harvey 
labels "Conflict", "Descent", 
“Depths" and "Mary", but 
which could as easily be 
interpreted in medical terms: 
stress, breakdown, paralysis 
and healing. The idea of 
rebirth achieved through ack- 
nowledging "feminine" values 
(and. specifically. Mary as 
Christian intercessor) is hard- 
ly' original but it is dearly 
fundamental' hence the title, 
and foe music's gradual 
softening in tone. 

I found the brightly-scored, 
aggressive orchestral argu- 
ment of the first section 
compelling, its lugubrious, 
disjointed recall in "Depths" 
effective: and the linking 
"Descent" strikingly con- 
ceived if naively executed 
(basically an augmented triad 
slithering downwards). But 
the orchestra fells silent for 
too long, and foe prolonged 
final stasis of mantra-like 
repetitions did make one won- 
der whether it was wise to 
place so much emphasis on 
foe eternal bit of foe Eternal 

This audacious, tripartite 
Prom also included Mes- 
siaen's Potmes pour Mi, 
warmly sung by the fine 
American soprano Faye Rob- 
inson. and an excellent perfor- 
mance of Harrison Birtwistle's 
Earth Dances. Strikingly ima- 
ginative m its handling of 
large forces, never faltering in 
momentum, masterfully var- 
ied in atmosphere. Earth 
Dances more than confirmed 
foe good impressions its pre- 
mitre made earlier this year. 

Richard Morrison 

emotion on behalf of the rest 
of the cast With unflagging 
reserves .-of stamina, bis is a 
rough but ever-ready trou- 
badour with a good deal of 

republican family its sense of tory as foe stubborn and weary 
dignity and belonging. But Josie and Aingeal Grehan as 

Chinese Magical 



Edinburgh Festival 

■'react simultaneously, one of ENO’s rising young stars, has 
them cross himself exactly as ascended to foe role of Leo- 

the word "spell" was spoken, nora. The casting was charac- 
, three swords clash in perfect teristically brave and imagi- 
time with three Iasi chords. ; native but yet another exam- 
.. ’ and Manrico hurl his horn to pie of too much too soon. 

they each suffer differing de- 
grees of emotional disaffec- 
tion. and each of them dreams 
of release. 

For Frieda, flame-haired 
and tough-minded, it lies in 
the mirage of success as a 
songwriter and singer, for. 
which she one day intends to 
forsake her homeland ah 
together. ■ Her sister Josie. 
more sarcastic but more 
obedient, pines for the miracle 
of reciprodaled love with that 

the sober and haunted Donna. 

Andrew Rissik 

• Glenda Jackson, Joan 
Pfowright and Patricia Hayes 
are to play leading roles in 
Lorca’s The House of Ber- 
nardo Alba which runs at the 
Lyric, ' Hammersmith, from 
September 8 .to October 25 
(with previews from Mon- 
day). It is directed by the 
distinguished Spanish actress 
Nuria Espert, widely regarded 

, «n a similar push-button style: 
blue for romance: foe moon 

Hilary Finch 


fathomless capacity for grief as foe world’s leading expo- 
wftich marks out the Celtic nent of Lorca's work. 

Bolshoi Ballet 
Battersea Park 

* slightly reshuffled pro- 
gipmnic and different casting 
brought other dancers into 
prominence in the Bolshoi 

■ Ballet’s programme at the 

■ Battersea Park Pavilion on 
Wednesday: bui the most 
interesting thing was to see 
trek Mukhamedov. who has 
rcrtainly not lacked prom- 
inence all along, lacklc a rote 

mew hat different from 
-hose he has hitherto danced 
n London. 

The Grand Pas from Don 
• Jn/.xoie is not exactly pure 
.'bssicism. but it displays 
virtuoso technique in a 

lighter, less characterized way 
than Spartacus. Ivan the Ter- 
rible or Boris in The Golden 
Age. The last named is nearer 
to it than foe others, but foal 
role was made to measure for 
him and in Don Quixote he is. 

tackles all the quick little 
steps, and goes'ai the fouettes 
with such a will that you 
hardly notice her curious fail- 
ure to stretch foe raised foot as 
she swings it out This version 
of the sequence indudes foe 

measuring himself against intrada fora group of giris and 

many other famous dancers. ■ 
He does not quite level up 
with foe memory of Vassiliev. 
Nurcyev. Bujones or Bary- 
shnikov in ibis, but the 
exhilaration of his. dancing 
and Sts extraordinary strength 
and control put him in a 
league not far below theirs: 
level pegging, perhaps, with 
Schaufuss among western 

. . His ballerina was Lyudmila 
Scmcnvaka, who brightly 

solos for two bridesmaids — 
not alas, at all well danced, so 
they let down foe principals. 

now that this was in feet foe 
more familiar Alexei Fad- 
pyechev. Sylphidcs looks bet- 
ter from a seat further back 
than roy first-night view, but 
the lighting is patchy (spot- 
lights through gloom) and foe 
Bolshoi habit of taking cur- 
tain-calls after each solo does 
not help maintain any ro- 
mantic mood. 

Semenyaka looked at her 
best in the waltz solo in Las 
Sylphidcs. I find I was wrong 
to believe the cast list which 
claimed foal Yuri Posokhov.a 
dancer unknown 10 me. was in 
that on Tuesday. I thought at 
foe time the company seemed 
to have a strong bias towards 
male dancers wiih long feces 
and broad thighs, and I realize 

Nina Ananiashvili proved 
an unexpectedly bubbly Au- 

rora in the last adagio from 
The Sleeping Beauty, with 
Leonid Nikonov a notably 
correct gentlemanly partner 
in the old Bolshoi tradition. 
Nina -Scmizorova appeared 
this time in Black Swan . 
dancing beautifully within the 
limits of Grigorovidt’s razzle- 



dazzle revision of foe chor- 

Again, the dancers were 
prevented from making their 
full effect because these two 
classic extracts were presented 
incomplete, going straight 
from the adagio to foe coda 
without the solos. That is 
almost as bad as offering a 
sandwich with no filling. 

Better to have made time 10 
do them fully by omitting the 
under-danced Bayadere ex- 
tract and one or more of the 
other short pieces. Quite a few 
spectators who remember past 
Bolshoi programmes must 1 
think they could choose iietfas 
to show off the dancers better. 

John Percival 


As a first encounter with this 
ancient Chinese art. it is quite 
a shock to find that the 
Guangzhou Acrobatic Troupe 
are not above knocking out 
westeeg-sounding tunes on the 
xylophone, and covering 
scene-changes with a baggy- 
suited clown who punctuates 
some pretty basic water 
routines with a well-rehearsed 
Glaswegian "Oil”. 

What this indicates ts that 
foe troupe are as much at 
home with village and factory 
audiences as io touring foe 
world's arts festivals; and that 
for_ an ensemble as pro- 
digiously accomplished as this 
it is unnecessary to go through 
the motions- of reverence. 

They are well wifojn their 
rights in billing foe show as 
magicaL as it repeatedly defies 
foe known limitations of the 
human body. A girl is bent 
round in a full 36(kiegree 
curve, carrying six sets of 
glasses, and then takes a bow 
casually disclosing that they 
were full of water. A team of 
boys swarm up a pair of metal 
poles: holding themselves out 
horizontally, leaping from one 
to foe other upside down, 
climbing with a single arm, 
dancing to the top. That is 
typical. Whether they are 
performing with hoops, bowls, 
bicycles or spinning plates, 
their method is to work 
through every . conceivable 
variation, piling oh foe diffi- 

cutties weft part tire spectator's 
point of disbelief 
With conjuring, foe in- 
credible takes place without 
preparation. A head is severed 
and carried away: there it sits 
in a box with foe body still 

with modesty and grace. Skill 
is Obviously of paramount 
importance; but no less im- 
portant is aesthetic effect - so 
foal foe spinning plates bend 
like flowers in the wind, or 
boys doubling through hoops 

fully in view on foe fiu- side of three at a time become an 
foe stage. The executioner- emblem of swallows in flight- 

magician descends on a fe- 
male victim on an operating 
table, slicing out her thorax 
and then replacing it. Mirrors? 
I do not believe it. 

These feats are presented 

The crucial part of every act is 
the concluding pose, when 
skill is condensed into ima- 

Irving Wardle 





Daniel OUSRYCH5K1 

2V towering perfbnTjance* 


"Rosa Luxemburg remains 
one offhe political gfank of the 
century at once ihe most intellectually 
bri&ant and the most humane 

Do«cf fobhmftCTMS 



1 CO 2.3Z 6 CO ?'J 



r* - 


i = 

Bombing wave Sand lizard fights back 

by republicans 
across Ulster 


By Richard Fold 

Terrorist shot dead a young 
man in Northern Ireland last 
night after a wave of bomb 
attacks had caused injury, 
destruction and traffic chaos 
as the most ruthless repub- 
lican paramilitary organiza- 
tion demonstrated its 
devastating resurgence. 

Two gunmen killed the man 
as be walked to meet his father 
near a police station in 
Londonderry, but the RUC 
said be bad no connection 
with security forces. 

His death came after the 
outlawed Irish National Lib- 
eration Army admitted 
responsibility ior eight bomb 
incidents aimed at policemen, 
security force bases, the courts 
and Belfast's main railway 

A series of bomb alerts 
brought rush hour traffic 
chaos to the capital as thou- 
sands prepared for late night 
shopping. Army bomb dis- 
posal teams discovered a sec- 
ond device at the central 
station while five other loca- 
tions, including two stores, the 
Forum Hotel and the cfty hall, 
were sealed off by police after 
bomb warnings.. 

Terrorists struck first in the 
early hours when a car bomb 
exploded outside a police 
station in Newry, Co Down. 

Masked and hooded gun- 
men burst into a house in the 
town and held a woman and 
her child aged four hostage 
while the bomb was loaded 
into the family car and her 

husband ordered to drive it to 
the rear of the station. 

Police were able to evacuate 
the building but not homes 
near by before the device 
exploded causing minor inju- 
ries to residents. 

The Provisional IRA 
claimed responsibility for that 
attack but (NLA, admitted 
being behind the bomb blitz 
elsewhere in the North. 

It planted the two devices at 
Belfast's busiest railway sta- 
tion, one exploding in lava- 
tories and causing minor 
damage: Two hours later the 
station was evacuated again as 
a device was discovered in the 

Trains were halted as Army 
bomb disposal experts made 
safe a device near The 

Yesterday morning in ; 
Downpatrick two masked and 
armed terrorists hijacked a 
bread van and, after loading a 
bomb aboard, ordered die 
driver to take it to the police 
station. 1 He warned officers 
who cleared the building. 

Elsewhere a bomb exploded 
in a derelict shop in London- 
derry and a car bomb, which 
the RUC believes was de- 
signed to kill officers dealing 
with the first incident, was 
defused by bomb disposal 
experts. In Antrim a 61b 
device found in a holdall in 
the doorway to the courthouse 
was defused and another,, 
under the car of a police 
officer, was made safe. 

Soweto inquest agreed 

Continued from page 1 

racial crowd of about 400 
students from the University 
of the Witwatersrand clashed 
with some 50 riot police when 
they marched through streets 
near the campus after attend- 
ing a meeting to mourn those 
killed in Soweto. The police 
used teargas to dispel the 
crowd which stoned a police 
video unit. 

Disputing the official ver- 
sion of events in the White 
City district of Soweto on 
Tuesday, Rev Frank Chikane, 
the deputy president of the 

Today’s events 

New exhibition 
Work by Robert Davison: 
wildlife; Tonbridge Wells Art 
Gallery. Civic Centre. Mount 
Pleasant; Mon to Fri 10 to 5.30, 
Sat 9.30 to 5 (ends Sept 1 1). 

Exhibitions in progress 
Heywood Sumner artist and 
archaeologist (ends Oct 26k 
Portsmouth Crafts; City Mu- 
seum and Art Gallery, Museum 
Rd, Old PortSHiuth; Mon to 
Sun 10.30 to 5.30 (ends Oct 19). 

Open slot: work by Katy 
Shepherd and Tim Clark; , 
Mappin Art Gallery, Weston 
Park, Sheffield; Mon to Sat 10 
to 8, Sun 2 Ito 5 (ends Sept 14). 

Last chance to see 
Watercolours, etchings and 
engravings by Mrs Pat Gregory; 

SC A. said that the trouble 
began at 8. 1 5 pm when “police 
confronted residents who were 
on their way home from 
meetings where they discussed 
their response to the threat- 
ened eviction of some 

UDF and SCA leaders did 
not dispute that a grenade 
could have been thrown at the 
police, but said that, according 
to the Bureau for Information, 
this happened after 10 pm, 
two hours after witnesses al- 
leged that the police first 
opened fire. 

Regent Centre, High St, Christ- 
church, Dorset, 10-30 to 5. 

Paintings by Elizabeth Shack- 
leton; The Ginnel Gallery, 
Lloyds House, 16 Lloyd St, 
Manchester. 9 to 5 JO. 

Photographs by Peter Single- 
ton; Mid Pennine Art Associ- 
ation Gallery, 2 Hammenon St, 
Bnndey, 9 to 5. 

Mixed arts and crafts; Frame 
Museum Gallery, I North Pa- 
rade, Somerset 10 to 4. 

Watercolours by Derek Kel- 
ley; oil pai n ti n gs by Margot 
Noyes; Hakswortfa Gallery, 
Steeple End, Suffolk; 1 1 to 5. 

Hans Christum Andersen: 
illustrations and papercuttings; 
The Danish Cultural Institute, 3 
Doune Terrace, Edinburgh, 10 
to 5. 


Concert by the City of Shef- 
field Youth Orchestra and 

The sand lizard Lacerta 
Agilis , which is making a 
comeback after years of 
dedicated husbandry by 
the British HerpeCologi- 
cai Society. 

The lizard, seen 
hatching out In the bottom 
picture, was an en- 
dangered species in the 
1960s because of the 
rapid erosion of sand 
dunes, its natural habitat 

It became a protected 
species in 1975, and the 
popnlation has now 
reached 200. (Photo- 
graphs: Graham Wood). 

Tories and 
are level 
in poll 

Continued from page 1 

Overall, the figures s u gg es t 
little change on July when, in 
marked contrast. Labour's six- 
point lead was cut to one. 
They are also at odds with 
recent polls by Gallup and 
Marplan which give Labour 
about a six-point lead over the 

The MORI poD was taken 
too soon for the impact of the 
Tory farrago over the allega- 
tions against Lord Stockton in 
a student magazine to have* 
any bearing on the figures. 

Nevertheless, there arc 
some worrying signs for Tory 
strategists and some crumbs of 
comfort for their rivals in the 
latest figures. 

Mrs Thatcher’s personal 
standing dropped three points 
to 27 per cent in August, 
dangerously dose to her 1981 
record low for a post-war 
prime minister, suggesting 
she. rather than the Govern- 
ment, has suffered from the 
tough line taken at the 
Commonwealth mini-summit 
on sanctions against South 

The public is also notably 
more gloomy about the eco- 
nomic outlook with 75 per 
cent expecting it to stay the 
same or get worse over the 
next 12 months, six per cent 
more than last month. 

Mr Neil Kinnock’s rating 
dropped one point with 32 per 
cent of voters satisfied with 
his leadership of the Labour 
Party — a figure be will hope to 
build on next week when he 
addresses the Trades Union 
i Congress conference in Bri- 

The findings will add to the 
pressure on union leaders and 
activists, anxious for the re- 
turn of a Labour government, 
to bury their differences and, 
present a united front 

Dr David Owen and Mr 
David Steel, the Alliance lead- 
ers meeting today at the 
Liberal leader's home at Et- 
trick Bridge in the Scottish 
borders for informal talks, 
both inched forward . in the 

Dr Owen gained two points 
and Mr Steel one. but accord- 
ing to MORI, their coalition is 
suU in the doldrums after the 
June row over the future of 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,137 

Prague Student Orches tra : Rip- 
on Cathedral, Minster Rd, 7 JO. 

Concert by Colfe’s School 
Choir and Orchestra; Tewkes- 
bury Abbey, 1. 

Concert by the National Band 
of the Royal British Legion; 
Redoubt Fortress, Eastbourne, 

Conceit by the Somerset 
Chamber Orc h est ra ; North 
Cuny Church, Somerset, 7.30. 

Conceit by the Toronto Sym- 
phony Orchestra; National Con- 
cert Hall of Ireland. Dublin, 8. 

Oigan recital by loop De 
Ruiter; St Andrew’s and St 
George’s Church, George St, 

Eambvugli^ | ( 

Scottish folk concert by Os- 
sian; The Tron Theatre, 63 
Trougate, Glasgow, 8. 


14th Flyde Folk Festival: 60 
events, music, song and dance, 
concerts, ceilidhs, workshops 
and competitions at various 
venues in Fleetwood; for details: 
55 Strand, Fleetwood, Lancs; td: J 
(03917) 2317, today, tomorrow 
and Sunday. 

Book fain St Andrew's HaJl. 
Norwich, today 12 to 8, tomor- 
row 10 to 5. 

Antiques fair; King Edward 
Hall. Lmdfieid, W Sussex, today 
12 to 8, tomorrow 10 to 6. 

Food prices 

Top Films 


1 Small animal for country 
doctor to exercise (5-S). 

6 Aristocratic traveller return- 
ing to ihe country (4). 

10 Provide new quarters - it's 
part of the army game (7). 

11 It's oh so short, I hear, in 
Sophocles (7). 

12 Systematically arranges 
forbidden tales, perhaps (9). 

13 Comb the top of the wave 

14 The fruits of history, we 
learn? (5). 

15 Dish that costs humble 
campanologist nothing (9). 

17 Bind, bulb or busybody? (9). 

20 Conception many find per- 
fect (5). 

21 Deck where everybody 
jumps, the cockneys say [$). 

23 Mother takes Sandhurst ca- 
det to eastern preserve (9Jl 

25 A city noted for trippers on 
the bridge? (7). 

26 First to sign (7). 

27 Journalist with daily, ex- 
tremely fluid in circulation 

28 In ibe RAF he could be a 
physicist (10). 


1 Such a lady was Eleanor 
Roosevelt (5). 

2 One displaying evidence in 

3 Look-alikes with superb 
playing technique (6-8). 

4 Rise above plain, up-river 

5 He backs Poles in track 
appearance (7). 

7 One entering old court to 
brood (5). 

8 Affected to be a simpleton 
working for world peace? 

9 Prejudice involving CID in 
main riots (14). 

14 Low ship's cook took food 
to some degree (9). 

16 Range out of order? Then 
eat this dish (9). 

18 Gas used after missiles in a 
riot (7). 

19 Soldier's land survey (7). 

22 Excellent way to support 

Liberal land-owner (5). 

24 Social distinction rejected in 
the dental centre (5jL 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,136 

a : n m n n h h 
■I330E3OG3I* UtKBSJBSiy 
ist n a ft s m e.-tg 
MGEisnsns aasEaerc 
E h s n m n is 
ynssn aniymsBsorF 
rs .■ iz- -m .- • n 

ynrii5iL-ji5HE«R yniv^HE 

in e is • □' 13 m k 

a n n r ,s -n s n 

■n is 0 ■ n n 


The top box-office faros in Lon- 

1(1) Hamah and Her Sisters 
2(2) A Room with a View 
3 (-} Target 
4(4) The Color Purpte 
5(3) Pretty In Pink 
6(5) CObra 

7(6) The Karate Kd Part 11 
8(7) Desert Hearts 
9 ( -) Under the Cherry Moon 
10(9) Poflcy Academy III: Back tn i 

The top films in the provinces: 

1 Hannah and Her Sisters 

2 The Karate Kid Part li 

3 Cobra 

4 Pretty In Pink 

5 Pinocchio 

SupOWd Dr Screen mmattntf 

Top video rentals 

1(1) The Goonies * 

2(4) Weird Science 
3(10) Explorers 
4(3 Trofl 
5(2) NoSurender 
6(9) Cocoon 

7 T- S The Stuff 

8 M ESminators 
9(5) Police Academy 2 

10(B) Mad Max: Beyond Thunder- 

Suppfled by usveawm 

Hie pound 

Home produced lamb is at its 
best and most plentiful at this 
time of year. Overall average 
prices are unchanged from fast 
week at £1.67 lb tor whole leg, 
99p for shoulder and £1.74 for 
best end chops, but many shops 
and supermarkets have cheaper 
offers. Dewhurst, for example, 
have whole shoulder at 89pa lb, 
Salisbury's whole leg £1.44 and 
shoulder 88p, and Tesco's leg of 
lamb £1.28 lb. 

Chicken is another attractive 
choice for summer meals, pic- 
nics and barbeques. Bargains 
this week include: Asda: frozen 
grade A chickens between 31b 
8oz and 31b 14oz at £1.89 each; 
Bejam: 45p a lb for birds of 
around 3lb in weight; Tesco: 
chilled chickens.up to 31b 15oz, 
67p a lb. 

Recent storms at sea seem 
certain to push fish prices up in 
the next few days out the fell 
effects have not yet reached the 
market. The average price for 
plaice ranges from £1.70 to £2 a 
lb, cod around £1.75. haddock. 
£1 .77, whiting £ 1 J4, coley 9 1 p a 
lb, and boned fresh herring and 
fresh mackerel at around 84p 
and 64p a lb respectively. 

English Discovery apples at 
30-42p lb arc the forerunners of 
the home grown apple season, 
replacing Southern hemisphere 
imports which are coming to an 
end. The first Victoria plums, 
still scarce due to the lack of 
sunshine, are 55-75p lb, but will 
get cheaper. Nectarines and 
peaches at 10-30p each from 
France, Italy and Greece, and 
Williams pears, also from the 
Mediterranean, 35-45p lb. 

■ Salad ingredients are cheap 
and plentiful; Iceberg lettuces 
40p each, depending on size, 
round lettuces 15-25p each and 
Webbs and Cos 25-35p; toma- 
toes 32-45p a lb. cucumbers 30- 
45p each, celery 30-45p a head 
and watercress 25-35p a bunch. 


'London and Sooth-east: A3: 
■Londonbormd slip road at 
Tol worth dosed; due to road- 
works, diversion in operation. 
Kingston: Congestion in town 
centre due to development 
work.' A20: Single line.tnnfic in 
London Rd, Maidstone, be- 
tween Sharps Sports Ground 
and Bnddand HilL - 

The Midlands: Ml: Con- 
traflow at junction 20 
(Lutterworth); occasional slip 
road dosures. MS: Various fane 
restrictions and some overnight 
carriageway dosures between 
junctions 4 (Bromsgrove) and 8 
(M50). M4fc Contraflow between 
junction 4A (M42)' and 5 
(A452); southbound entry slip 
road dosed at j unction 5u - 

Wales and West: M4: Restric- 
tions on both carriageways be- 
tween junction 44 (Swansea 
East) and 45 (Swansea), and 
between junction 37. (Pyle) and 
40 (Port Talbot). MS: Various 
lane dosures between junctions 
25 (Taunton) and 26 (Well- 

The North: Mdc Work be- 
tween junctions 32 (Preston) 
and (Garstang) affecting both 
carriageways. M62: Contraflow 
between junction 7 (Widnes) 
and Burton wood services, 
Birkenhead. M63: Major widen- 
ing scheme at- Banon Bridge, 
Greater Manchester; various 
traffic restridons in force. 

Scotland: MS (Glasgow): 
Eastbound carriageway closed 
between junction 29 (Paisley) 
and 30 (Ersftino bridge^ M74: 
Two-way traffic on new north- 
bound carriageway N of 
Lasmahagow, Hamilton. M90: 
Contraflow between junction 4 
(Kelly) and 8 (A91). Perth. 

Information supplied by AA 



A depression near S Nor- 
way will begin to move 
away slowly E, but will 
maintain a cool N airflow 
over tbe British Isles. 

6 am to midnig ht 

London, Sc, conM S, N, SW, 
NW, cental N England, Mdbnda, 
Charnel Islands, Wa te r. Sunny 
intervals, showers fa places; wind 
NW moderate; ma x t emp 17C(63F). 

East AntfSa. E England: Rather 
cloudy with showers or outbreaks of 
rate; wind NW moderate; max tamp 

Lake Dtsftlct, tste of Man, SW 
Scotland, Glasgow, -AifaA North- 
ern Ireland :Sunny intervals and 
showers; wind NW mesh; max tamp 



Lighting-up time 

Letter from Inner Mongolia ;• 

Break-up of an 
heroic culture 


In the rolling grasslands of 
China's autonomous region 
of Inner Mongolia, an hour’s 
drive from the capital city or 
Hohhot. an autumnal chill 
has crept into the late August 
winds. To protect themselves 
from the cold and from the 
recent heavy rains, Mon- 
golian shepherds wear green 
Mao caps, sunglasses. long 
slickers and- high rubber 

Before them a treeless, 
green expanse undulates to 
the horizon under a blue sky 
mottled by white, flufly 
clouds.. Elsewhere on the 
swelling ocean of grass, in 
scattered settlements marked 
by high windmills, moon- 
faced children with ruddy 
cheeks and dirty feet play 
near pigsties and erode barns 
that protect livestock during 
the long winters. 

Over the same grasslands 
more than seven centuries 
ago thundered fierce Mongol 
horsemen under the general- 
ship of Genghis Khan, his 
sons and grandsons. At tbe 
height of their power in the 
13th and 14th centuries the 
Mongols ruled an empire that 
stretched from the Danube 
Valley to China, from Russia 
to Turkey and to parts of 

Today that heroic past is 
long gone. Hohhot. a city of 
L2 million that became the 
autonomous region's capital 
in 1956, looks like any other 
Chinese metropolis in the 
People's Republic: thousands 
of commuters ride to work on 
bicycles on roads flanked by 
boxy modem high-rises and 
punctuated by concrete high- 
way flyovers, billboards of 
socialist savings, and smoky 

Moreover, Chinese Mon- 
golians appear in imminent 
danger of losing their ethnic 
identity. Their language, no 
longer widely taught in the 
state schools, may be dying 
out. And the fact that there 
are two Mongolia*, one So- 
viet and one Chinese, has 
only quickened.the process of 
cultural disintegration, since 
Mongolians on either side of 
the international border are 
prohibited from crossing it 

By many accounts China’s 
Cultural Revolution has 
caused Inner Mongolia the 

greatest harm. Using the 
pretext that Mongolians were 
trying to subvert Chairman 
Mao Tsc-tunx's revolution 
through an almos defunct 
Mongolian Rationalist party 
called the Net Ren Dang, fad 
Guards reportedly bnua&gd 
or murdered tens of thou, 
sands of Mongolians between 
1966 and 1976. 

The autonomous region 
has yet to recover from the 
experience. “People, are 
seething with resentment ‘but 
there is nothin&they can (to,” 
soys the Mongolian rasefem- 
o f Peking, “Before. Moo-' 
golians held most higb-fcvej 
government posts in Hohhot 
Now, they do not" 

Mongolians also porat oot 
that, as an autonomous re- 
gion. all development of In- 
ner Mongolia’s abundant 
natural resources, including 
coal, should benefit them. 
Instead, they say, Pefe 
exploits the best mineral 
deposits and pockets the 
cash, leaving Inner Mongolia 
with little or nothing; < . 

“We would like to be more 
defiant,*’ says, another Mon- 
golian. “but the will to resist 
is not in us. We are too 

Of its relations with 
China's 55 national minority 
groups. Pelting maintains 
that those with Inner Mon- 
golia arc the best. The central 
government works hard to 
promote the image of China 
as one big happy family, with 
smiling minorities joining 
hands with the Chinese in the 
development of die People’s 

Nowhere is this 
Disney land-style image of 
China better projected than 
at Wulaniuger in the grass- 
lands outside Hohhot.'. 

There, tourists from China 
and abroad spend a few 
nights in reconstructed yurts, 
ride Mongolian ponies or 
camels, sample Mongolian 
hotpot cuisine and watch 
song and dance performances 
by resident artists shipped fa 
from other parts of the re- 
gion. Week after .week the 
buses bring high-level Chi-, 
nese from Prang to the 
grasslands to enjoy the rem- 
nants of a once-grcat but now 
fading culture. 

Robert Grieves 

Around Britain 

London 824 pm to 539 am 
Bristol a3* pm to 5.49 am 

xrii r nTWItif? 

I I f * \ 4 . *-*■ ; 1 1 ; t 1 j Jl J y ffijw 

ipm 10549 am 
0.46pm lo 542 am 
jr 8-37 pm to 5.44 am 
843 pin to 6.03 am 




Concise Crossword page 10 

Rates tor smafl cwoomination bark notes 
only as scpp&ed by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and other foreign cunency 

Retag Pita mac awJ 

London: The FT index ctosad up 5 jJ at 


New Toifc The Dow Jonas industrial 

average dosed up 0^8 at 1 . 90453 . 

Temperatures at. midday yesterday: c. 
cloud: (, fair: t, teat *, sun. 


Beam f 1457 Guernsey r 1457 
BVngham f 1457 teame n c 1355 
Bhdmooi 1 1457 Jersey f 1661 
Bristol . MS 59 London f 1651 
CanMf M 5 » WMisier 11559 
CO U b a yb e 1355 MewriiUe 11559 
Glasgow f 1355 RteUnny HS 55 


Births: John Locke, philos- 
opher, 1632; Jean Ingres, 
painter, Moniauban. France. 
1780; Oliver Wendell Hoboes, 
physician and writer, Cam- 
bridge. Massachusetts, 1809; 
John Leech, caricaturist, Lon- 
don, 1817; Maurice Maeter- ■ 
linck, poet and playwright, 
Nobel laureate, 1911, Ghent, 
Belguim. 1862; Ingrid Bergman, - 
Stockholm, 19)5, . 

Deaths: John Lflbarne. leader 
of the Levellers. London. 1657; 
Brigham Young. 2nd President 
of the Mormon Church. Salt 
Lake City, Utah. 1877; Eaaton 
de Valera. Prime -Minister oC 
Eirc 1932-48, 1951-54. 1957-59 
and President- 1959-73, Dublin. 


Foteestom ID. 6 
Hastings 105 
Fummm 11 J 

- 70 12 54 rate 

- 46 11. 82 rain 

- .14 13 56 cloudy 
1M m 15 59 doudy 
5n .07 is 59 sunny 

- 07 17 63 bright 
* ne 17 63 bright 


ID. 6 M. 18 64 sonny 
105 - - 17 63 -auraiy 
11.8 - 17 83 sursiy 

102 -‘ 17- 63 sunny 

tk.y _ i7 

Worthing 102 - 17 -63 surety 

Uttatonpto 07 - 17 63 surety 

BanarR .108 -.17 63 sunny 

Saat ja a a 8J6 - 18 61 surety 

Boorasmto. * 16 61 

PDOto • 06 - IS 63 

gy— as 6.0 .09 16 a 

Weymoiitti 69 91 17' 63 

Eanouti ■ 5.6 - 16 81 

T to g w raau te 7.4 J0£ 16 61 

PytMay 82 J3S 16 61 

rs laouMi 79 ^1 15 SO 

tauanea 8.0 - 16 61 

ScMyMas 07 - 15 59 

Jw tay 59 - 16 61 

SSSU"- 1 

HSs wms y 75 .Ofl 16 6l 

hra hi C F 

ta erate * .05 15 69 sMnirt 

BTKMlAhpC 19 JH 15 59 snowsre 

M o raesm hs ^ .03 14 57 thundir 

Dougin 07 .03 15 59 btifr 


Ahpt 64 .16 15 59 sltoirers 

BrtotaifCtrf) 7.8 M IQ 61 shown 

Ctetaa 03 15 59 Shown 

London 9.1 - 18 64 shown 

Inc h— l i t 05 .38 14 57 n*t 

N’cti-n-Tjrn* - 29 13 55 rate 

No tTto fl hsm 2A J» 15 S9 ShoMH. 


jrtgtew y oo • 15 59 sunny 
CandHf (CtriJ 9.1 - 15 59 suniw 
CWwyaSay .32 ,01 15 69 WtfS . 
Tandy 03 .17 14 57 suffV 












ftateagh 02 
Eskdakawir 03 

Gtesgore.. 6 A 

22 .13 15 59 bright 

15 81 CM* 
14 57 ahOHtrf 
17 63 bright 

06 22 14 57 tenwsrs 

22 - 14 57 doudy 

05 • 16 61 brigM 

52 28 13 55 shown 

82 - 14 57 shown 

Tlwse are Wednesday’s Sgura* 

Storaoway 52 28 13 55 shonn 

Ttera 82 . t4 57 shown 

wide 32 XtJ 14 57 doudy '. 

Btelast 06 - IS 59 Bright 

- TS 59 Bright 

•Roots uoUtuliW. 


Tower Bridge will be raised 
today aL 3 pm, 5.10 pm. 6.30 
pm. 7.40 pm and 1 1 pm. 


r.. « t. 

% i*». ■ 

P} ' ■ * 



ft 1’"' 

I* ■ 

. 1. 







business and finance 






Executive Editor 

Kenneth Fleet 


FT 30 Share 
1286.4 (+5.9) 

FT-SE 100 
1636.8 (+7.0) 



USM (Datastream) 
125.93 (+0.16) 


US Dollar 
1.4810 (-0.0030) 
W German mark 
3.0301 (-0.0054) 

71.0 (-0.2) 

Reckitt in 
£45m bid 

Reckitt & Colman, the 
foods and household products 

group, is offering AusSlll 
: £45 million) to 

million (about , __ 

buy in the 30.3 per cent of its 
Australian subsidiary that it 
does not already own. 

Minority shareholders are 
being offered Aus$6_25 a share 
and will also be entitled to a 
9.5 cent interim dividend 
already announced. 

The group says the step 
should help it to support its 
brands more effectively and 
develop its Australian busi- 
nesses over the medium and 
longer term. The Australian 
subsidiary showed earnings of 
Aus$22-8 million in 1 985 on 
turnover of AuS$319.3 mil- 
lion. Reckitt's Australasian 
and Asian interests contrib- 
uted about a quarter of overall 
pretax profits last year. 

Ladbroke up 

Ladbroke Group reported a 
20 per cent increase in pretax 
profits to £30.5 million for the 
six months through to July 1. 
1986. Turnover rose 35 per 
cent to £778.9 million. The 
interim dividend was in- 
creased from 5p to 5.5p. 

Tempos, page 18 

Pentland rises 

Pentland Industries, an 
industrial holding company,, 
increased its pretax profits for 
the six months to June 30 
from £19.6. million to £34.3 
million, on turnover up from 
£1 15.3 million to £181.6 mil- 
lion. The interim dividend 
was increased from 0.1 7p to 

Tempos, page 18 

Savings boost 

The maximum holding on 
the 3 1st issue of National 
Savings Certificates has been 
raised from £5.000 to 
£lO.OOO.There is. however, no 
indication that this will be the 
new ceiling on fixed rale 
certificates. The 3 1st issue 
guaranless a tax-free return of 
7.85 per cent over five years. 

Norwich sale 

Clyde Petroleum has agreed 
to purchase all the shares of 
Norwich Union (Hydrocar- 
bons) which holds the direct 
oil interests of the Norwich 
Union Life Insurance Society 
to be paid with 11.5 million 
Clvde shares. 

Exxon chief 

Mr Lawrence Rawl has been 
appointed chairman and chief 
executive of Exxon Corp. the 
world's largest oil company. 
Mr Lee Raymond, a senior 
vice-president, succeeds him 
as president 

Radio switch 

Prcstwich Holdings has re- 
organized the management of 
Bush Radio, its recently ac- 
quired subsidiary, following 
the resignation of the radio 
company's chairman. 

Canmeflt 17 
Jempws 18 

Cmjmy News 18 
Stock Market 19 
Foreign Em* 19 
Traded Opts 19 

Share Pres 21 
Wall Stmt 18 
Money Mrfcts 19 
Unit Tresis 28 
Commodities 20 
USM Prices 20 

BP profits surge 
to £1 .2 billion 

half-year record 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

BP, which- increased its 
petrol price this week and gave 
a warning of further rises, 
yesterday announced record 
half-year profits of £1.2 bil- 
lion, compared with £859 
million in the first half of last 

Despite uncertainties over 
the world oil price and the 
continued poor performance 
of its subsidiary in the United 
States, BP has increased its 
ash mountain from £2_2 bil- 
lion to £3.6 billion and is now 
looking for investment 

With several independent 
oil companies in Britain and 
the United Slates facing seri- 
ous financial problems be- 
cause of the fall m world oil 
prices, BP is able to pick up oil 
assets at a fraction of the price 
they were on offer a year ago. 

Poor financial results from 
oil exploration and produc- 
tion — profits were down in 
the half year from £818 mil- 
lion last year to £396 million 
as the oil price fell — were 
compensated by profits of 
£701 million, compared with 
£ 1 76 million in the first half of 

last year from refining and 
marketing operations. 

On a historic cost basis, 
which reflects a stock loss of 
£979 million because of the 
fall in crude oil prices, first- 
half profits fell from £859 
million last year to £236 

The company yesterday de- 
fended its decision to increase 
prices by pointing to poor 
returns in previous years and 
said that at the height of this 
year's petrol price war in April - 
it was losing money at the 

Mr David Simon, a main 
board director, also said there 
was no evidence to suggest 
that oil companies put petrol 
prices up more quickly than 

they brought them down to 

lect crude prices and that 
they did not act in collusion. 

BP Chemicals, which bene- 
fits from cheaper crude oil, 
reported profits of £103 mil- 
lion, compared with £21 mil- 
lion last year. 

All of BP'S other divisions 
reported improved perfor- 
mance, but Sohio, its US 
subsidary which is now under- 
going a reorganization, re- 

ported profits from 
exploration and production of 
only £105 million, compared 
with £1. 1 84 billion in the same 
period last year. 

Sohio also went against the 
trend in refining and market- 
ing with profits also down 
compared to last year and with 
overall profits of £238 miUiOn 
compared with £ 1 .292 billion 
in the first half of fast year. 

Sir Peter Walters, BFs 
chairman. sai± “These results 
show that in spite of the 
problems caused by a turbu- 
lent oil market and severely 
depresed prices, the financial 
position of the BP group 
remains strong. 

“For oil prices and markets 
the outlook for the second half 
of the year is still uncertain. 
We have therefore instituted a 
group-wide re-appraisal of all 
our budgets. 1 expect to see 
less spent on exploration and 
production during the remain- 
der of the year.” 

BP is, however, confident 
that the Government win 
follow Norway in changing its 
taxation regime in the North 
Sea to enourage developments 
Tempts, page 18 

John Crowther in 
£10m Speedo buy 

By Oar City Staff 

John Crowther Group, the 
acquisitive textiles company, 
yesterday announced an 
agreement to buy the Euro- 
pean operations ofSpeedo. the 
Australian swimwear com- 

The £10 million acquisition 
includes the manufacturing 
base in Nottingham, a Ger- 
man marketing subsidiary, 
and exclusive rights to the 
Speedo brandname and logo 
in the United Kingdom and 
the rest of Europe, Russia. 

Turkey. Cyprus. Israel, the 
Middle East and North Africa. 

Mr Michael Abrahams, 
deputy chairman of John 
Crowther. said: “Speedo is 
now a brand name with very 
high recognition. We believe 
that it can bean overall sports 
and leisure brand like Nike 
and Adidas.” 

Speedo (Europe) made pre- 
tax profits of £1.1 million on 
sales of almost £10 million in 
Lhe year to the end of June. 

The business is being sold by 
the Australian Linier Group 
which this month completed 
its £33 million takeover of the 
whole Speedo group. 

Speedo is best known for its 
spoils swimwear, used by the 
national teams of several 
countries, but the company 
also produces fashion 
swimwear, swimwear acces- 
sories and underwear. 

John Crowther. whose 
products include socks, 
tracksuits. T-shirts, and sport- 
ing sweaters. intends to de- 
velop a wider range of 
sportswear and leisurewear 
over the next year to cany the 
Speedo brand. 

The company has built up a 
strong clothing division 
through a number of ac- 
quisitions in the past year, 
including agreed takeover bids 
worth £32 million in June for 
A & J Gelfer and Sunbeam 
Wolsey. both of which manu- 
facture items which will carry 
the Speedo name. 

IFC launches equity aid 
for the Third World 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 

The International Finance 
Corporation, with the strong 
backing of Britain and the 
United States, has unveiled a 
programme designed to in- 
crease substantially the flow of 
private equity investment to 
cash-starved Third World 

Sir William Ryrie, the IFCs 
chief executive, said the 
programme was aimed largely 
at European, US and Japanese 
multinational companies 
which had sharply reduced 
their investments in develop- 
ing countries because of the 
threat of capital loss. 

The new IFC programme 
removes this obstacle by guar- 
anteeing recovery of the initial 
principal, creating a unique 
instrument which encourages 
risk capital but eliminates the 
prospect of outright loss. 

Called Guaranteed Recov- 
ery of Investment Principal, 
the programme establishes a 
system under which investors 
deposit funds with the IFC for 
a specified term, perhaps five 
to ten years. 

Initially, the deposits are 
expected to be in the $5 
million to $10 million range 
but eventually, after the mar- 
ket is tested, the IFC expects 
investments to rise to the S20 
million to S30 million range. 

In return, investors will 
receive dollar-denominated 
debt securities, a form of 
lOUs from the World Bank 

The IFC will invest the 
money in a wide range of 
commercial projects in coun- 
tries where the money will 
“make a difference’, says Sir 

An IFC official said that the 
programme would be es- 
pecially beneficial to Latin 
America and the market-ori- 
ented countries of Africa. 
Cameroon, Gaboon and the 
Ivory Coast. 

The programme, however, 
would not be restricted to a 
specific list of target countries, 
and it is likely to be tested, for 
initial investor response, in 
the market-oriented econo- 
mies of the Pacific Basin. 

may cut 
S Africa tie 

By Richard Lander 

A flurry of rumours sur- 
rounded the South African 
operations of Prudential 
Corporation, the composite 
insurer, yesterday, after the 
shares of its Cape subsidiary 
returned from a brief suspen- 
sion on the Johannesburg 
Stock Exchange. 

The speculation suggested 
that Prudential might divest 
completely from South Africa 
or reduce its 65 per cent stake 
in its offshoot to a minority 
investment, as both Barclays 
Bank and Standard Bank have 
done. Several British com- 
panies have withdrawn from 
South Africa over the past two 
years due to the political 
unrest and the worsening state 
of the economy. 

A spokesman for Prudential 
in London declined to com- 
ment on the rumours, but said 
the South African company 
would issue a statement soon. 
The one-day suspension was 
requested because of negotia- 
tions which could materially 
affect the group's share price. 

Stockbrokers in Johannes- 
burg suggested the Prudential 
might sell Its bidding to the 
Liberty Life insurance com- 
pany. the acquisitive group 
headed by Mr Donald Gordon, 
which has extensive property 
and financial interests in 

In addition, they said there 
was speculation that Pruden- 
tial of South Africa might buy 
the local operations of Colo- 
nial Mutual, an Australian life 
group. This would be financed 
by a rights issue which the 
British parent company would 
not subscribe to. thereby 
reducing its stake below 50 per 

A spokesman for Colonial 
Mutual in London said he 
knew of plans to sell the 
group's South African arm. 

Prudential's shares re- 
turned from suspension in 
Johannesburg at R9 yes- 
terday, after rising from R7.20 
this week, to value the com- 
pany at around R280 million 
(£72 million). 

The British parent 
company's stake, translated 
through the ailing financial 
rand, would only be worth 
around £24 mill ion 

£41 0m contract 
stretches ATP 

By Teresa Poole 

The Government may be 
forced to increase this year’s 
budget for the Aid and Trade 
Provision after final agree- 
ment yesterday of the financ- 
ing package for a £410 million 
contract won by a Surrey 
company to provide drinking 
water systems in rural 

The contract, awarded in 
March to Biwater, of Dorking, 
a private company specializ- 
ing in water systems, will be 
supported by a record ATP 
grant of nearly £60 million. 

About £48.6 million of this 
will be payable next month 
from a total ATP budget for 
1986-87 of £69 million, and 
officials are concerned that, 
without an increase, funds will 
not be available for other 
projects in the pipeline. An 
announcement is expected 
next week. 

The Malaysian project, 
initialed by Biwaier in 1984, 
involves 174 separate water 
distribution schemes, some up 
to 3,000 miles apart, to bring 
treated piped water to more 
than two million rural 

Goods and services worth 
nearly £200 million will be 
supplied from Britain, with 
about half the value being sub- 
contracted by Biwater. 

Mr Adrian White, chairman 
of Biwaier. said that 300 jobs 
would be created in the North' 
West and West Midlands. 

Loan agreements arranged 
by the Bank of America, worth 
£135 million, and backed by 
the Export Credits Guarantee 
Department, were signed yes- 
terday and these, with the 
ATP grant, will cover the 
British work. 

The Malaysian part of the 
project will be carried out by 
Biwater's 50 per cent-owned 
associate, which is jointly 
owned with a local company. 
Amah Holdings. 

The preyed, won against 
French and Japanese com- 
petition, will take five years to 
complete. It is the biggest 
undertaken by Biwater, whose 
annual turnover is around 
£100 million. 

back Boots 
US purchase 

By Carol Ferguson 

Boots' shareholders have 
approved the company's 
controversial takeover of the 
US drug company, Flint, as 

They voted by a two-to-one 
majority in favour of the $555 
million (£375 million) deal in 
a show of hands at yesterday's 
extraordinary meeting. 

Before giving' him the go- 
ahead, however, the 200 
shareholders put the chairman 
Mr Robert Gunn through a 
tough, hour-long question and 
answer session. 

The questioners were 
mainly private individuals. 

Mr Brown of Croydon, a 
private shareholder, was con- 
cerned that Boots should be 
spending £375 million on a 
company whose profits in 
1985 were only S33 million 
(£22 miDion). He said that 
even it it had been £33 
million, it would take more 
than 11 years for Flint to pay 
for itselfl 

A shareholder from Not- 
tingham, Boots', home town, 
was unhappy that Flint's re- 
sults were unaudited and that 
the company's accountant. 
Prat, Marwick, Mitchell & 
and Co, were not able to 
a view on the validity 


the figures. She said of the 
deal: "Frankly, I hope it won't 
go through". 

Another shareholder, Mr 
Thomson, said the method of 
raising money for the 
aquisiuon (a vendor placing) 
was unfair on the small share- 

holder. Mr Court, on the other ~ 
hand, was worried about the • 
effect on earnings per share. 
The chairman said earnings 
would be diluted this year and ' 
next But this was an invest- 
ment for the long term. 

- Mr Chalmers, speaking as - 
financial adviser to his wife, 
made a total of eight points for 
the chairman to answer. He ; 
felt that Boots should build up 
its own sales force in the US : 
instead of paying S555 million 
for 150 staff which be cal- 
culated as more than S3 
million a head. 

: He was also worried that 
Flint was a one-product com- 
pany. “With 80 per cent of- 
sales in one product, it is a 
three-legged stool with only 
one kg,” he said. . 

“The shareholders should 
think again, and turn it down 

Ms Ashmore complained 
that the share price had fallen 
to 21 2p in the last few weeks, 
and she expected it to fall 
further as -a result of the deal. 
The chairman said that the 
news had hit the market at an : 
unfortunate time. 

Not all of the questioning 
was hostile. Several 
shareholders spoke in favour ■ 
of the deal. Mr Turnbull 
pointed out that the loss of 
profits resulting from Boots* 
need to have licensing 
arrangements in the US was 
an important point “The 
justification for the deal is to 
get away from the licensing 
situation,” he said. . 

Firms may have easier 
time reporting accounts 

Mr White said: “It is a huge 
undertaking, in most inhos- 
pitable conditions.” 

Mr David Inglis, of Bank of 
America, said that the financ- 
ing package had played a 
crucial role in winning the 
contract for Britain. The loans 
have been made in marks at a 
fixed interest rate of 6.51 per 
cent but the effective rate for 
the whole package of finance, 
including the ATP provision, 
will be around 1 per cent. 

Volkswagen advances 

Booming sales in West Ger- 
many helped the Volkswagen 
motor group increase its net 
profits by DM3 million to 
DM284 million (£94 million) 
in the first six months of the 
year, despite the dollar’s fall 
against the mark. 

The group sold 427.000 cars 

in Germany — 17.8 per cent 
more than in the same period 
of last year. 

Volkswagen said the buoy- 
ant German economy would 
push car sales to 2.7 million 
this year, matching the 1978 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry yesterday put 
forward proposals to make life 
easier for businesses. 

In a consultative document 
published on the delivery of 
annua! accounts and returns 
to the Registrar of Companies 
two main reforms are sug- 

-It- wants - ' to reduce the 
burdens associated with filing 
and to see whether changes 
could be introduced to enable 
the Company Registration Of- 
fices to improve further their 
services to companies and 
their customers. ■ 

The report, follows up pro- 
posals. in the White Paper 
Lifting the Burden published 
last year. 

The DTI says: “The present 
requirements for filing, at 
separate dates, annual returns 
and accounts can seem' oner- 
ous to some companies.”- • 

The proposed ' changes 
would replace the' two 
requirements with a -single, 
-one covering both documents. 
It also .recommends.' 
simplifications to the proce- 
dures for establishing and 
changing accounting reference 
dates to make it easier for 

By Amanda Gee Smyth 

companies to understand and- 
comply with the rules. 

The document proposes 
that accounts from public and 
private companies should be 
presented within six months 

of the end of their accounting 

reference period, instead 
the seven months for public 
and 10 months for private 
companies which is the case at 

The Company Registration 
Offices are putting on com- 
puter many of their manual 
procedures, and hope to 
achieve a computer-readable 
standard format for accounts. 
At present, given the variety 
in the presentation of annual 
accounts the best that the 
CROs can achieve is to micro- 
film them and to make copies 
in response to. a search 

The DTI says that the 
content of the annual return 
list could be modified to meet 
searchers needs more pre- 
cisely and that if the two 
(accounts and returns) could 
be presented together to avoid 
items required in the accounts 
being duplicated in the re- 
turns, m formation would be 
more maleable. 

SE Council 
rebukes Liffe 

The Stock Exchange Coun- 
cil. yesterday rebuked the 
neighbouring Financial Fu- 
tures Exchange. 

It said it had noted Liffe's 
announcement orits intention 
to trade options on its future 
contract which is based on the 
FT-SE 100 Index. It said the 
announcement reflected the 
growing need of securities 
traders and investors for 
mechanisms for hedging risk. 

However, the council said 
this may lead to some confu- 
sion as to the appropriate roles 
of the Slock Exchange's traded 
options market (with products 
directly based on deliverable 
asset-backed securities or 
cash) and Uffe's proposed 



Dow Jones 1897 08 1-7.45)" 

JSSSdow ..... 18369^7 (-133.40) 

Hang Seng ..... — l93 ^3?£V?m 
Am s terdam: Gen — 

Sydney: AO - 1183.4 (+1.0} 

Commerzbank .. — 2085.5 (-19.3) 

Sf. mjBMMf) 

parts: CAC — 408 2 (-2.6) 


SKA General n/a 

London closing prices Page 21 



fSnonth interbank 
' 3 -montti eligible Mls:9 
buying rate 

’prime RateJWfc 
Federal Funds 

3 Q.year bonds 



P; SI .4810 
£: DM3.0301 
| FFr3j)227 
£ Yen230-37 
£ index 71 0 

New York: 

& 51-4806* 

S. DM2.0505- 
S: index: 111.1 

ECU £0 691849 
SDR £0.816968 



Grand Met — 

London & Midland — 


203p (+13p) 

Ftowntree - 

Barham Group 

- 380p (+7p) 

.. 162p(+7p) 

_ 462p (+8p) 


Penttand fnds 

Allied Conors 

213p (*l2p) 
4Q7p J+9p) 
*00p C-vISo) 

.. 177p (+9p) 


Blue Arrow .. 


Slough Estates 


.. 528o (-7p) 

Ward HoMings 


Allied Irish .. 

Reiuge Group 

133p |-1Zp) 


London Fixing: 

AM 5384 00 pm-S386.70 
dose S385.35-385.75 {E260 25- 

New York: 

Comex SS386 40-38690' 


Brent (Oct.) pmSi4.85amSt4.95} 
1 Denotes latest trading price 

Guinness outlines strategy 
for streamlining Distillers 

By Richard Lander 

Guinness, the drinks 
and leisure group, has outlined 
rhe first steps in reshaping its 
Distillers subsidiary since 
explaining to shareholders 
last week the need to stream- 
line the spirits company's 
management and marketing 
structure, under the chairman- 
ship of Mr Ernest Saunders. 

The group intends to cen- 
tralize the management of 
Distillers' whisky distilling. 

bottling and stockholding 
activities, which have pre- 
viously operatedseparately-in 
different locations. All the 
management will now he lo- 
cated in Edinburgh under the 

guidance of Mr Ron Martin, 
the production director. 

The hipest change involves 
the integration of tiie separate 
production organizations for 
malt and grain whiskies. Until 
now, Scottish Mall Distillers 
has been based in Elgin, from 
where it controlled operations 
at 24 malt distilleries, while 

Mr Ernest Saunders 
the four gram distilleries have 

been run from Eld in burgh- Mr 
Kerr Buchanan, managing 
director of Scottish Grain 
Distillers, will now be in 
charge of both sides as opera- 
tions director, distilling. 

Guinness has also ap- 
pointed Mr Turnbull Hutton, 
direclor of Distillers* whisky 
stockholding subsidiary', as 

operations director for stocks 
and sales. Executives in 
charge of bottling and blend- 
ing. and research and en- 
gineering ha»e already been 

Mr Alan Stewart.' a 
Guinness spokesman, said the 
changes would not involve any 
redundancies, although there 
might be some job hisses 
through natural wastage. 
Bell's operations, run autono- 
mously from Perth, would not 
be affected, 

A circular to shareholders 
explained the controversial 
decision by Guinness to drop 
plans for a supervisory board, 
outlined at the time' of the 
Distillers' bid. The letter re- 
ferred to confused and 
directionless management op- 
erations. revealed after the 
takeover, and promised to 
streamline Distillers' many 
semi-autonomous subsidiaries 
and revamp its international 
marketing organization. 


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Oil shares lead retreat 

\ jOil shares came under sell- 

* lag pressure in early trading 

• after two brokers lowered their 
. opinions about prospects for 

leading companies. 

E F Hatton was said to have 
; issued a sell advice **810081 

■ across the sector." 

[ Exxon was down % at ft 7 * 
. Mobil I V* at 35% and Atlantic 
: Richfield % at 58. 

The Dow Jones iadnstrial 

■ average was down 6415 to 
: 1,89848. 

Stocks generally were lower 

as investors took profits after 
the strong advances early in 
the week. 

The bond market provided 
little support as a rise in the 
July leading economic in- 
dicators reduce d optimism 
abont another discoant rate 
cut IBM was down IV* to 

Stocks in dedine led those 
advancing by nearly three to 
two on volume of 17 million 


UEI in £26.3m merger 
with Solid State Logic 


UEI. the high-tech electron- 
ics and engineering company, 
has agreed terms for a £26.3 
million merger with the pri- 
vately-owned electronics firm. 
Solid State Logic. 

UEI will acquire from Mr 
Colin Sanders, chairman of 
SSL. his holding of ordinary 
shares representing 99.7 per 
cent of the total issued share 

The remaining SSL shares 
arc owned by employees who 
will receive a comparable offer 
of UEI shares equal to £4 for 
cadi SSL share. 

The offer of a total of 8.9 
million UEI shares values 
'Solid State at £26.3 •million, 
taking a middle market price 
of 2%p for UEI shares. Solid 
State employees receive the 
equivalent of £192.000. 

The new shares represent 
14.4 per cent of the enlarged 
share capital of UEI. Mr 

Peru ‘will 
pay 20% 
of debt’ 

Lima (Reuter) — The Peru- 
vian government plans to 
clear less than one fifth of 
$1.82 billion in debt payments 
due in 1987. The budget 
proposal, submitted to con- 
gress and published yesterday 
in tite official daily newspaper 
El Peruana, said the go vern- 
ment was earmarking about 
$327 million in payments in 
line with its policy of limiting 
payments .to 10 per cent of 
projected export earnings. 

The debt service limn was 
set when President Alan Gar- 
cia came to power on July 28. 

By Amanda Gee Smyth 

Sanders has agreed to waive or 
dividends until July 1988 and at 
to retain a high proportion of of 

cent worldwide with UEI 
accounting for more than half 

BP unscathed but it 
needs higher prices 

them for up to four years. 

If SSL's pretax profit ex- 
ceeds £4.5 million during the 
financial years beginning Feb- 
ruary 1987 or 1988 an addi- 
tional consideration of 
2.526.051 ordinary shares in 
UEI will be issued to Mr 

If these shares are issued the 
aggregate consideration will 
represent 17.7 per cent of the 
enlarged share capital of UEI. 

At the present share price 
the combined group will have 
a market capitalization of 
more than £180 million. 

The logic behind the merger 
is to enable UEI to strengthen 
its position in the audio, 
video, broadcasting and mo- 
tion picture production equip- 
ment business. 

SSL's share of the recording 
market is more than 50 per 



in the short term Ihc com- 
panies see ihc merger as a joint 
marketing \emurc. streamlin- 
ing their overseas subsidiaries 
rrt Europe and the United 

About 75 per cent of UETs 
pretax profits come from 

SSL claims that it is one of 
the world's leading manufac- 
turers of computer-assisted 
audio mixing systems for 
recording, video post-produc- 
tion and broadcasting, lx says 
that nearly every important 
recording studio uses its 

UEI will shortly be issuing a 
circular to its shareholders. 

Its half-yearly results will be 
published in October but SSL 
will not be included for the | 
time being. i 

Cathay Pacific 
profits up 67% 

From Stephen Leather, Hong Kong 

Cathay Pacific, the Hong 
Kong airline, yesterday re- 
vealed its first figures since its 
April flotation. Pretax profits 
are up 67 per cent to Hong 
Kong $639.1 million (£55i6 
million) and the airline is 
boosting its half-year dividend 
from 3.6 cents a share to 6 

Mr Michael Miles, the 
chairman, said profits had 
been helped by tolling fuel 
costs, but the 1.9 per cent 
increase in passenger numbers 
“was below expectation.” 

Cathay flew 1,922,000 pas- 

The draft budget is expected I senders during the six-month 

Federal court setback 
for Hunt brothers 

Dallas (Reuter) — The mil- Hunts are very willing to 
lionaire Hunt brothers of Dal- consider ft. Some existence 
las, locked in a battle with underchapter II is better than 
nearly two dozen leading no existence at all. which is 
American banks over $1.5 what the hanks want.” 
billion (£1 billion) owed by He did not know if there 
their crumbling oil empire, would be an appeal against the 
yesterday lost a legal effort to federal court ruling. 
bJodcthefweclosuiE of sev- ^ Hunts . ofBccs amJ 

a m holdings in the glittering 50- 

iSntinim! s* 01 ** Thanksgiving Tower at 
.JJ2J. are scheduled for auc- 

tion on lhe sreps of the Dallas 
courthouse on 

and drilling businesses. , 

The ruiingdearsthe way for A tract of undeveloped 
Manufacturers Hanover Trust property in north Dallas and a 
and 22 other lenders to begin natu r aJ 8“ processing plant 
the auction of collateral are also (tosted for ■foreclosure, 
pledged by the brothers for In Mississippi die toothers 
$1.5 billion in unpaid bank lose oil and ©isfields m 
loans made to oil companies '°. ur coumres at a foreclosure 
The foreclosures may also sale on Friday. 

to have a smooth passage 
through congress because the 
ruling American Popular 
Revolutionary Party holds a 
majority in congress. The 
budget must be signed by 
December IS. 

Peru has $14 billion in 
foreign debt 

Peru's reputation among 
bankers as a delinquent debtor 
was reinforced on August 15 
when the International Mone- 
tary Fund declared the coun- 
try ineligible for new loans. 

. It joins Vietnam, Liberia, 
5udan and Guyana as coun- 
tries which have lost borrow- 
ing frights at the 151-nation 

The budget proposal was 
that the figure of about $327 
million would be destined to 
repay multilateral and govern- 
ment lending agencies. It 
would also be available to 
Western governments which 
provided a net cash flow to 

The draft budget proposal 
also provides for payments in 
kind on the country's es- 
timated $! billion debt to the 
Soviet bloc. The loans were 
mainly contracted to buy 

The government has ex- 
empted payments in kind 
from the debt service ceiling, 
and it has encouraged private 

period with a load factor of tem. Interest rates it 
66.3 per cent - well down on domestic banks foiu 
last year’s half-year figure of selves under-funded. 
705 per cent and below the - 

and Paris twice weekly, and 
now makes three flights a , 
week between Hong Kong and 
Peking. Cathay has also in- 
creased capacity on its Lon- 
don, Vancouver and Shanghai 

The Cathay flotation was 
the biggest ever on the Hong • 
Kong stock market with i 
HKS52 billion chasing just 
HK$1.54 billion worth of 

The 32 times over-subscrip- 
tion for IS per cent of the 
airline's share capital was a 
tremendous drain on the 
crown colony's banking sys- i 
tem. Interest rates rose as the ! 
domestic banks found them- ! 

airline's budgeted target of 
68.3 per cent 

Passenger revenues were up 
by 13 per cent however, 
boosted by favourable ex- 
change rales. The air cargo 
market was strong, he said, 
and cargo revenue improved 
by 37 per cent. Turnover was 
up almost 20 per cent to 
HKS4J08 billion. 

During the first half of this 
year, Cathay flew to Rome 

The clamour for the shares 
sent the price soaring. One in 
five of the available snares was 
traded on the first day. They 
were offered to the public at 
HKS3.88- each, and hit 
HKS5.30 almost immediately. 

Mr Miles said he expected 
profits for the full year to pass 
the HKS1 billion mark. Ca- 
thay should declare a final 
dividend of at least 13 cents 
per share. 

People Express foils to 
sell Frontier Airlines 

spell bankruptcy for Placid Oil 
and Penrod Drilling, the Hunt 
family's principal holdings. 

“Chapter 1 1 (bankruptcy) is 
an option,” Mr Stephen Gor- 
- -don, for the Hunts, said here 
after the court hearing. “The 

The ruling yesterday was a 
victory for the 23 banks, 
which are the target of two 
anti-trust lawsuits filed by the 
Hunt brothers, who are seek- 
ing nearly $14 billion in 

foreign banks to accept goods work. 

New York (Reuter) — The 
People Express airline said 
yesterday that its attempts to 
sell Frontier Airlines had 
toiled. But it was again delay- 
ing the loss-ridden 
subsidiary’s application to file 
for bankruptcy. 

People Express has been 
trying to sdi Frontier, 

Frontier, which had been 
losing up to $10 million (£6.75 
million) a month, halted all 
operations on Sunday, strand- 
ing thousands of passengers in 
more than 50 cities and 
putting 4,700 employe esout of 

Wall Street analysts said 
that having Frontier file for 
bankruptcy would put People 
Express back in the position it 
confronted in July, when it 
asked its investment banker to 
solicit bids for the whole 
airline or its parts. 

The company has lost 
S 1 32-5 million so tor this year. 

It is a measure of British 
Petroleum's financial 
strength that it has emerged 
from the last two quarters of 
disastrously weak oil prices 
with its balance sheet 

The job has not been made 
easier by having Standard 
Offs problems to contend 
with over this period, where 
the priority has been to 
staunch the outflow of cash. 
The initial treatment has 
been to cut Standard Oil's 
capital expenditure by 38 per 
cent to £600 million in the six 
months to June 30. 

In addition, a review of 
Standard Oil’s strategy and 
assets produced an extraor- 
dinary charge of £316 mil- 
lion. And a further write-off 
of £277 million was made 
against profit for “lease 


Shareholders funds de- 
clined 5 per cent from £9.9 
billion to £9.4 billion, due 
both to the write-offs in 
Standard Oil and exchange 
adjustments. Nevertheless, 
the debt equity ratio — debt 
minus cash and liquid re- 
sources as a proportion of 
shareholders funds — im- 
proved in the period from 
29.5 per cent to 25 per cent 

The increase in BP'S liquid 
resources from £2J2 billion at 
the end of last year to £3.6 
biUion at the end of June this 
year will raise a few eyebrows. 
Only £400 million came from 
cash flow. The rest was 
through additional borrow- 
ings of £1 billion. 

Some cash may be needed 
to pay for the acquisition of 
Purina Mills for an estimated 
$500 million (£340 million) 
announced last month, if BP 
derides not to pay for it with 
shares. But it will un- 
doubtedly be looking fen* 
further acquisitions, either 
the rest of Sohio or struggling 
oil companies at bargain 

The integrated oil com- 
panies have usually been 
slightly schizophrenic about 
oil prices. As they come 
down, the less highly taxed 
refining and marketing op- 
eration becomes more profit- . 
able, but this is offset by stock 

As they go up. the oil and 
gas production end of the 
business becomes more 
profitable, but the gains tend 
to be taxed away. 

But that was before the oil 
price fell as low as it has. And 
BP, without question, now 
needs higher oil prices. Stan- 
dard Oil's high cost Alaskan 
production is barely in profit 
at these levels. 

Furthermore, the interim 
dividend, which was main- 
tained at I2p a share, was 
only just covered by earnings 
of !L9p on an historical cost 
basis. Last year’s final divi- 
dend was 22p. 

pentland industries 



Pentland Ind 

Pentland Industries* runaway 
success has left the City 

Its prowess in the athletic 
shoe market has been particu- 
larly notable. Reebok, its 37 
per ceni-owned American 
associate, is its star per- 
former. contributing 85 per 
cent of interim pretax profits. 

Reebok has advanced rap- 
idly in the last few years, 
owing to its derision to 
develop products for the 
emergent aerobic and fitness 
shoe market Their products 
now enjoy cult status. One 
enthusiastic ton recently 
turned up to her wedding 
traditionally dressed apart 
from Reebok shoes! 

A new market for the group 
is basketball shoes,, which 
account for 50 per cent of the 
total exercise shoe market 
From a standing start 
Reebok this year won a 5 per 
cent share. Clothing is also a 
growth area. 

Reebok is expanding inter- 
nationally and has distribu- 
tion agreements with 
Benetton in kaly and 
Marubemi in Japan. 

Earnings of die other com- 
panies in the group for the 
first six months of the year 
rose by 179 per cent com- 
pared to Reebok's 193 per 

Holmes, the American 
subsidiary which imports 
domestic electrical products, 
is doing well. Its turnover 
should double by the end of 
this year, helped by 
Pentlanffs marketing drive. 
Pastel ton heaters, appar- 
ently. are all the rage. 

Pendamfs trade record 
should vouch for the group's 
marketing expertise but there 
are those who think it will run 
out of steam. With pretax 
profits of £72 million likely 
this year and at least £85 
million expected in 1987, the 
shares, on 1 1 times earnings, 
easily take any uncertainty on 


Ten weeks of dreadfid 
weather kept the punters 
away fromihe betting offices. 
But this did not in the end 
have a disastrous impact on 


instead of cadi in repayment. 

Peru’s total debt arrears on 
interest and principal of- 
ficially stood at a total of$Z25 
billion on September 30, 1 985, 

Last month United Airlines 
agreed to buy Frontier for 
$146 million but the deal fell 

Yesterday People Express 


sults for the year to June 30 
reveal a final dividend of Aus 10 
cents (Aus5 cents) making 
Aus20c (Aus 1 0c). Net profit 
nose to A us$50.22 million or 
£20.8 million against Aus$27.24 
million on turnover of 
Aus$904.91 million 

(Aus$746.42 minion). 


ar to June 30 ONG BERHAD; The capita] 
idendof Aus 10 issues committee has approved 
seats) making the issue of a total of 45.7 
e). Net profit million shares of 1 ringgit each 
.22 millton or at 1.80 rinrai a share asfollows: 
tinst Aus$27.24 44 JL million to Bumiputra 
turnover of investors and Bumiputra 
million employees of the group; 1.5 
lion). million to non-Bumiputra 

8 PO RATION employees of the group. 

Uiiwu«iig6|n«..wjw,i7w, iwiciuay rcupte express * BOND CORPORATION employees or the groupt 
according to the economic said it was in talks with other HOLDINGS: A final dividend • FITCH LOVELL: The chair- 


potential purchasers. 




of Aus5 cents (AuslOc) making man.* Mr Geoffrey Hankins. 
Aus 10c (same) is included in the says in his annual review that 
annual results. Net profit to- trading in the first two months 
tailed AusSl00.5 million or of this year is ahead of the same 

£41.7 million against AusS20.47 period laa ye ar. 

million with sates at Aus$l.60 • LEIGH INTERESTS: The 
billion (Aus$5l7.8l million). company is to sell the assets of 
• REFUGE GROUP: An in- ft* ???!££ i 1 ** 

NAL TRUST: A final dividend 
of not less than 3.5p is forecast 
for this year. For the six months 
to June 30. with figures in £000. 
underwriting commission was 
.41.5 (28L interest on bom>wed 
money 749 ( 1, 030) expenses 390 
(312) revenue before tax 4,608 
(5.018). tax 1.551 (1,988), earn- 
ings per ordinary share 2J>9p 


:||teufiVETO FTA§- 

Lad brake's first half results. 
Lost turnover was made up 
and targeted net margins 
were achieved. 

Group pretax profits were 
up by 20 percent on a period 
which was itself 80 per cent 
ahead of 1984*5 first half. 

The phasing of property 
projects and costs associated 
with the Home Charm ac- 
quisition pushed up the in- 
terest charge. The receipt of 
£67 million from Rank will 
bring this down in the second 

These investments will 
soon pay dividends. For 
example. Texas (Home 
Charm) will have 4 million 
square feel of selling space by 
the end of the year, ft is 
expanding tost with an 
opening every fortnight on 
average. The market for do- 
it-yourself appears to be hold- 
ing up well. Texas should 
make more than £15 million 
on an annualized baas. 

Other new ventures in- 
clude Gable House Prop- 
erties, a specialist in nursing 
and retirement homes. The 
increase in the elderly 
population is a good indica- 
tion of the potential for this 

United States property 
activities are progressing 
well The second tranche 
payment from Sumitomo 
Life of Japan will follow 
when Manhatten Tower in 
New York is fully let later this 
year. Good rents are being 
achieved. Surpluses from 
other US developments will 
also come through in 1986. 

An absence of US tourists 
is having Jhde impact on 
Ladbroke's operations. The 
group has worked hard over 
the past few years to improve 
its standing in theGty. It has, 
for the most pari, convinced 
observers that with four kgs 
it is a well-balanced business, 
moving in a definite direc- 

According to the chairman, 
Cyril Stein, the second half 
has begun well, aind another 
good year is in prospect. U 
woald be disappointing if 
Ladbroke did not break the 
£100 million barrier this year. 

Earnings per share on this 
estimate are 24p. The shares 
look like a safe core holding. 

For the year to June 30 the final 
dividend is 6p (6p) making 9p 
(8.5p). With figures in £000, 
income from invests was 1,412 
(1,139) other income 201 (298) 
interest charges 43 (nil) admin- 
istration expenses 270 (234) 
earnings before tax 1.300 

results for year ended March 31 
are: dividend 2p (nil) payable on 

Investment Policy owtw*onoro«*i«, 

Growth in net asset value through ot Equates 

international portfolio with emphasis on uSwaiSpaom 
smaller markets particularly in Europe, era* Beigum 

’ the Far East card Pacific Basin. 

Results for the year ended 31 May 1986 


Equity shareholders' Interest £94,934,311 

Asset value per share ’ 339.0p 

Revenue available for ordinary shareholders £793,956 
Earnings per ordinary share 2.86p 

Ordinary dividend per share- interim 0.80p 

-final 1,90p 

Capitalisation issue in B ordinary shares 0.82602% 










Highlights of the Year 

# Net asset value increased by 52.6% 
compared with an averoge increase 
of 28.4% for ali investment trusts. 

# A total dividend of 2.70ppershare is 
recommended -an increase of 8% 
over 1985 

# The balance of the company's 
portfolio significantly altered 
through sales of Japanese and US 
equities, increased investment in the 
UK and repositioning of our 
European and Far East holdings, 


UrflgpKgiQOom 1&32 

Sjooe Betgxra 0,74 

nonce W.12 

Geffnpny 9.21 

fWV 5.59 

Netnencros 4.17 

SOcsn • 0.13 

Sweeten 0.92 

9 SwiTzangnd 8J3 

MUnOyEt/COeon 1.33 

JODOO 16^8 

FoiEog Ausnoho 3.88 

HonQKpng 11.29 

taec 039 

Pn*oores — 

Stppoco'e Mooyso — 

068 057 

0.72 1J8 

4.87 6.75 

12S 037 

- 057 

10042 10049 

Equities foonf) 

1 283 TQiwon 

064 ThePocrtcFira 

S42 UraieoSgas 

1133 QmerAmencos 

334 SoumAtnco 


098 Bonds 

097 AuapqUQ 

697 Jcoon ' 

iqa urea Sores 

1075 UrwWKjngaoni 

1441 Nd COSH 4.64. 663 

04 2 tnvesmonhr<Q 112.66 »S54 

012 ftiprCOOHaiona w * P2A61 (1&54) 

327 Eaurvsnargnoiae's tOQOG 

billion (AusS5 17.81 million). company is to sell the assets of 


lerim dividend of 5p (4Jpk KnaMQu, lJfl 'fnuS?/ 
payable on October 9, has been ™ 

declared for the first six mouths formed by us 

of 1986. With figures in £000s, JTj^^dICKIE & COM 

ordinary business premium in- f 

come totalled 16.533 (16.007). IXT* ^ 

New business annual premiums 
were up to 1.989 (1,940) but Si? 

5$(83?T' i “ m! oMi 

• FFnFBATFn wot wiMC mvablt 1 1,216 (6.799k 

• FEDERATED HOUSuNG- profit before tax was 42,119 

Results for the six months to (45.977). tax 12,636 (13.793) 

profit after tax 29,483 
(32,184). Earnings per share 

Sofi SlnS'S #^TXEV1 SIOn SOUTH: The 
profit to 580(396). Earnings per n gf,is issue has closed. Accep- 

• w^RD U hoi n’trvrs^ R«. . received for 

■ LDINGS: Re- 9.738.289 ordinary non-voiing 
for foe s« months to.Apnj sha^ (97.754 per cent offered 

by way ofrightskThe balance of 
ofl/75p(same); With figures in 223.754 shares have been 
fiOOOs. turnover on house sales aced. 
slipped 10 IQ.07Q (l 1,788) Pre- ' 

taTprofn was down to 2226 •MURRAY INCOME 
(2.520) and earnings per share to TRUST: The final dividend is 
ll.2pU3.2p). making 5.4p <5p) for the 

• ALLIED COLLOIDS: The y®®T to J “ ne 30. An interim 

chairman said at the .annual dividend6f2p(l.80p)isreeont- 
meeiing that profits for the first mended for ihe present year, 
four months are well ahead of ^* e f r «s* recetvabfe was 
those for the comparable period £7 * 2 _G;362,723X. interest 

and were maintaining the level payable £736,803 (516,067), 

LAND: The Life Association of March 23 next year. With 
Scotland is to merge hs unit figures in £000, turnover was 
trust activities with the invest- 8J28.326 (6.531.963) cost of 
ment business of Charterhouse sales 6,935,817 (5.186.950). 
Investment Management, the gross profit 1,392,509 
wholly-owned investment (1.345.013) distribution costs 
management subsidiary of 91.713 (138.469) and admin- 
Chanerhouse. subject to the istration expenses 129.008 
approval of the Department of (210.859). Trading profit was 
Trade and Industry. 1.171.788(995.685). 


Murroy Johnstone Urrxted. 

163 Hope Street. GlosgowG22tH Telephone: 041-221 9252 

and were maintaining the level o.wj 

of profitability applicable dun- * l £Jl 

ing the second halfof 1985-86. £4 70.04 7(37 4.06€ 


terim dividend of 2.25p net per W*Q£75£8^2, 
share has been declared. With [ 7TTT" — 
figures in £0005. turnover rose n A • 

to 14.569 (13.667) and pretax DAS 

profit to 1.287 (1,002). _ _ ^ 

INVESTMENTS: An interim 

dividend of &6)p (O.SSp) has * TJ A V 

been announced for the six ' CmAA 

months to June 30. With figures 

in £000s, gross profit rose to 896 ABN — ™ — 

(847) and pretax profit to 564 Atom & Company.. 
(409). BCO : 

• A G STANLEY HOLD- Citibank Savingst 

INCS: The interim dividend is Consolii&ted Crds 

I-5p. With figures in £000 for Continental TnsL_ 
the six months to July 2. the 

. pretax profit was 1.078 (975). r s pq 
tax 430 (514) and earnings per 
share 2J5p <1.82). The chair- “g* s am9 

man says a further 12 stores will 

open this year. 

• F1I GROUP: Permission has 
been granted for dealings to 
begin in the rights issue new 
ordinary shares. The acquisition 
of Lotus has been competed. 

aommisiraiton expenses 
£470.047 (374.060). revenue be- 
fore tax £6.614,618 (6.472J96L 
tax £3,075,284 (2.152.596)- 




abn — ™ — _iom 

Adam £ Company 10.00V 

BCQ __10D0% 

Citibank Savings! 10.75% 

Consolidated Cuts 1000% 

Continental Trost 10.00% 

Co-operative Bank 1(L0D% 

a Hose & Co ID.00% 

Hong Kong S Shanghai — 10.00% 

LLoyds Bank 10.00% 

■ tel -Westminster 1100% 

Royal Bank of Sectoral 1000% 

TSB 10jQQ% 

Otibank NA 10DOV 

t ' Mortgage Base Rate. 



Tbreeyeara &30 the MonopoKu ComnuwMm carried out a lengthy 
mues&gatun into AK. Pftt of tbe conclusion reach as follows: - 

“IFe see little evidence that AE is in need of rescue or that 
a cannot compete tvaxssfuQy by xtreff. ft appears to be 
uetl manag ed and there u nothing to suggest that GKN 
coul ° offV tf re *I te r “pertwe either within th> overtop arts 
or Outside u. Indeed we consider there is a danger that 
Ah a specialisation might be Mhamil and its drive 
weakened if If toere aboarbed into a mueh larger 

In unusually strong terms the eoadusteu goes ore- 

“Inview $ the sbniifeant detriment we hsoe found, me 

. need to be persuaded that the acquisition would brine 
about eompenstnuig advanuges that would not otherwise 
be ob t ain a b l e. In this case we are not so persuaded." 

-Ths exceptionally atrong views of the Commiasaoa should not be 
Ignomd - they have beau weft justified. 

During the tat thtt* you* the AE share prit* has quadrupled and 

^ *h«> toW »9uld have 
been if the GKN bid has gone through. 

I believe tbe AE is oondnatog to maloa good p m piw Ths 
company* piling up new longer term contracts iubQtb the II&A 
am) Europe. The cosopany's market share is inemsing - oventa . 
rates have now risen to 65 per emit of turnover. ' 

Imadn a» convinrad m ever that shar e hol d ers who stick with AE 
wilt be well rewarded. 

AEmtinues to have better than avenge pnMpocta yet the shorn 
we null on a p/e weu below tbe average for the matai-finming 
sector. (AE is on \a forecast p/e of 11.6. Tbs overage tor tbe weuf 
fanning sector is 14.4). 

IV UK economy badly nods independent computes tike AE 
which successfully invest in the future. 

Tbte advertaement has been pud far by Patrick Evenbed and 
' NgmseinB hn peispnal wows. Ocher than brine a shareholder Of ■ 
AS he is mdepemtou of the company. 


> , .. 

^ 5 „ , 
i i i 

5 T *r ^ T • 
Slj-v », > 


X A *u A Ui 





/ \ 



Interest rate doubts fail to 
quell investors’ optimism 

Interest rate uncertainty 
and a lacklustre performance 
from Wall Street failed to 
quell investment optimism in 
stock markets. 

The Ft 30-share index 
closed up 5.90 ai 1 .286.4 while 
the broader FT-SE 100 index 
finished up 7.0 at 1.636.8. 

New time interest in some 
of the more speculative 
favourites and the buoyancy 
of banks and oil sectors en- 
couraged investors into other 
shares and the overall turn 
was very firm. 

The mood was also helped 
by a new opinion poll which 
showed the Government in a 
more favourable light 

Banks were cheered by an 
encouraging press reception of 
the pathfinder prospertus for 
TSB. Hopes that the expected 
demand from the public will 
stimulate other dearers lifted 
Barclays at 514p, Midland 
562p, Lloyds 447p and 
NatWest 544p between 20p 
and 25p. 

It was a different picture for 
Irish banks as Allied Irish 
asked shareholders to stump 
up £68.7 million by way of a 
one-for-four rights issue at 
186p. The shares lost 13p to 
I98p, with Bank of Ireland 
down lOp to 173p in 

Oils continued to bubble on 
Wall Street influences, al- 
though the second quarter 
figures from BP announced at 
lunchtime cooled the enthu- 
siasm a little. 

BP. one of the day's most 
active shares, moved errati- 
cally between extremes of 
68Sp and 658p before settling 
at 666p down 5p on balance 
due to the absence of a half- 
expected dividend increase. 

Elsewhere US investors 
turned their attention to re- 
cently neglected Grand Met 
I ! p higher at 396p helped by 
heavy option activity. 

Boots hardened Ip to 21 Ip 
as shareholders approved the 

£400 million Flint acquisition. 

Other stores edged ahead 
with jewellers particularly fa- 
voured. Ratners rose 7p to 
206p after the recent success- 
ful merger with H SamueL 

wanted at 4l4p up 8p. London 
and Midland improved 8p to 
233p on further consideration 
of the meiger terms with 
Williams Holdings. 

Profit-taking clipped 3p 

Wednesday’s profits set- from Ocean Transport at 232p expansion nopes excited 
back continued to unsettle but Hargreaves, where IEP Barham 7p better at !62p. 

Innrrt 7n Cann «■« * — « — . J r ■. if£n^ 

Rowntree reflected 
favourable comment at 388p 
up 7p as did Bowater similarly 
higher at 3S0p. Freemans 
attracted chart-buying at 462p 

Expansion hopes excited 

Bine Circle at 528p down 7p 
and insurances were held back 
by the substantial rights issue 
from Sedgwick and comment 
on possible large claims stem- 
ming from the aftermath of 

Securities’ chairman had 
hinted at a possible bid from 
OTT, gained 12p to 280p. 

Bridon rose lOp to 1 62p 
ahead of figures next week. 
Bestobel gained lOp to 524p as 

The offer for sale of 25 per cent of the equity in York- 
shire Television is likely to be substantially over- 
subscribed when the receiving offices at the National 
Westminster Bank dose at 10am today. Police and 
traffic wardens in the City have been alerted so that 
they can be prepared for any iast-minnte rush. In order 
to deter multiple applicants, ail suspect cheques will 
be cashed. 

Hurricane Charley. H owever, 
falls rarely exceeded 5p. Guest 
Keen rallied 8p to 275p but 
P&O slipped 5p to 506p. 

Gilts ended little chang ed 
after early falls of a quarter. 

In dull electricals UE3 
shares were hoisted ISp to 
31 6p on the merger deal with 
Solid State Logic. 

Builders bad Ward Hold- 
ings at 263p and Federated 
Housing at 148p down 15p 
and 8p following disappoint- 
ing profits. In contrast Amec 
reflected further satisfaction 
with Wednesday's statement 
6p better at 289p. 

John Mowlem shares were 

bidder Meggitt neared control 
Speculative demand boosted 
Burmatex I3p to 203p and 
John Crowtfaer hardened 3p to 
J72p following confirmation 
of the aquisiuon of Speedo 

Lower profits knocked 7p 
from Lecrefrigeration at 246p 
but satisfactory figures sup- 
ported Lad broke at 358p. 

Lee Intemational offered' 
for sale at I80p earlier this 
year rallied 4p to 148p ahead 
of results due on September 
17. Hopes of an eventual bid 
from the Australian group 
Goodman Field lifted 
4p to 262p. 


Penttand put on lOp to 469p 
after a 75 per cent earnings 
expansion. The chairman's 
optimism with the annual 
report strengthened -Allied 
Colloids at 21 3p up I2p. 

Firm oils featured Hannah 
at 407p up 9p. Blue Arrow 
continued to reflect an en- 
couraging circular from 
Quilter Goodison ]5p higher 
at 400p. Recent exapansion in 
America prompted fresh de- 
mand for Wight Collins at 
500p up 20p. 

Comment on Wednesday's 
profits boosted Sloogii Estates 
9p to 177p and Britannia 
Arrow added 3p to l54p after 
a 35 per cent increase in 
earnings. Recent comment 
helped Blanchard to another 
8p rise 2l30p. 

Tbermax still responding to 
the recent stake built up by 
Suter climbed 6p to 137p. 
New time support stimulated 
interest in Antomatic at 95p 
Sound Diffusion at 43p, 
Leisnretime 90p and Hestair 
at 1 7Ip up 4p to 7p. Con turn- 
ons Stationery rose to 80p, up 
5p. AJ Getter gained 6p to 
171p after satisfactory figures 
and Olives Paper still excited 
by the Melton Medes stakes 
improved 3p more to 25Sp. 

AngJia Secs fllSpt 

Baaverco Tl45p) 

Borland (i25p) 

Chelsea Man (125p) 
Coated Electrodes (B4p) 
Coline (llOpl 
Evans HaUshaw (I20p) 
Fletcher Dennys (70p) 
GT Management (21 Op) 
Guthrie Corn (150p) 
Harrison fl50p) 


TVaa Month sux«ng Open 

Sep 86 90.34 

Dec 86 90.78 

Mar 87 90X1 

Jun87 90.72 

Sap 87 90.58 

Dec 87 90.30 

Previous day's total open merest 15062 

Him Month Eurodollar 

Sep 06 84.15 

Dec 86 94.16 

Mar 87 94.08 

Jun87 93.90 

US Treasury Bond 

Sep 86 ; 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 







lM CtBM 

9028 9029 

9072 90.74 

9078 9080 

9OJ09 90.70 

9028 9045 

9030 90.30 

199 -1 
122 -2 

Eat Vat 







H*e Ergonom (92p) 
Hughes Food ( 20 p) 

Lon utd Inv (330p) 

M6 Cash & C (lOOp) 
Marina Dev (ll()p) 
Morgan Grant ell (500p) 
Shreld (72 p) 

Stanley Leisure (11 Op) 
TV-AM (i30p) 

Tendy bids (I12p) 
Thames TV (190p) 
TBJbet & Britten (120p) 
Treas 2H%i/l 2016 =97 
Unlock (63p) 

81 +1 
170 +10 

160 +1’» 
£41 3 4 

Yetvertnn (38p) 


Brown & Tawse N/P 
Cityvison N/P 
Color oil F/P 
Forward Tech N IP 
Rode F/P 

Sutdiff. Speak N/P 
Television Stft F/P 
Top Value F/P 

(Issue price in brackets). 


24 -3 

23 'i 




Previous day's total open interest 22510 
94.18 94.13 94.18 463 

9424 94.10 94-22 3879 

94.16 84.06 94.15 552 

93.98 9389 93.89 295 

101-29 , * VW T0^6 S ^IQ 
101-12 100-00 101-06 2059 

— 100-10 0 

Short GUI 
Sep 06.-.. 
Dee 86 — 
Mar 87-.. 

_ 101-28 

— 101-43 

— NT 



Previous days tottf gpenjnfereet 1248 

101-28 101-30 60 

101-35 101-35 41 

— 101-35 0 


Sep 88 

Dec 86 _ 
Mar 87 
Jun 87 — 

FT-SE 100 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 — 







Previous day's total open i n te rest 16783 
-16 121-lH 121-13 2988 


165.70 164.1 

168X0 168X0 


LaatDerttags Lest DecttraHon ForSatHamant 

Aug 15 NOV 6 Nov 17 

Sep 5 Nov 20 Dacl 

Sep 19 Dec 4 Dec 15 

First Deathias 
Aug 4 
Aug IB 
Sep a 

Cal options were taken out ok 26/8/86 Metal Closures Group. Amstrad Consumer 
Bectrorvcs. H. Cory. GtorfleW Lawrence. Barker & Dobson. Pawn IntnL. Uftremar, 
Diver Prospecting, wan Group, OH Search. Ecobric Hokfings, SyAwy Banks. 
Tncernrol. S.W. Wood. Put Five Oaks Investments. 

Rut 8 Cal; Gianfiekt Lawrence, Uttramar, Pendnnd. Premier. 




N York 1.4790-1.4835 
Montreal 208182X710 
Brussels 6267-6296 
C'phgen 11.4440-1 1.4897 
□utrin 1.1010-1.1090 
Frankfurt 30260-3. D37S 
Lisbon 214X0-216X0 
Madrid 198.06-198.79 
Mflan 2068X0-2097X7 
Oslo 10.8325-10X607 
Paris 9.82009 JI568 

SfkWm 102300-102532 
Tokyo 229.19-231.04 
Vienna 21X6-21X8 
Zurich 24302-24437 

I. 4805-1.4815 

II. 4530-11.4696 











1 month 


0X0-021 prem 






109-187 dis 









3 months 
1.48-1 42pram 




303-51 Mis 

121 - 21 3dis 








Stafftng kidex compered wUh 1375 was down at 71X (day's range T1X-71.1). 



Argentina austral* 
AustraSa dollar — 
Bahrain dhar. 
Brazil cruzado* — 
Cyprus pound — 

FMand marks 

Greece araettna- 
Hong Kong dollar . 
India rupee 
Ireqohnar . 

Kuwait dinar KD 

Malaysia doaar 

Mexico peso 

- 198X5-200X5 


Canada . 


West Germany . 
Switzerland — 

0431 . 

3X548-8X590 France 

New Zealand doiar 
Saudi Arabia rtyal _ 

Singapore defer 3.1941-3.1978 


_ 5X430-5.5830 

. 7X075-7X125 


, 2X440-2X450 




Soutn Africa rand — 

U A E dirham 

Uoyds Bank 



Hong Kong 
Austria . 

Rates aivpled by Barclays Bank HOFEX and Estsl. 

Series pa Jan Apr Oct 



Jen Apr 

Alfcad Lyons 




48 58 70 4 

26 37 52 12 

It 20 30 27 

7 10 

15 18 
30 32 






117 125 140 1 

TO 90 105 a 
30 50 72 27 

8 10 
18 23 

38 45 

Cons GoW 




















































Corn Urton 























CatteS Wire 










































— - 






























Grand Met 
























































3 8 
































































Trafalgar House 




























































































































Shie Ode 































































































































































7 US 



































































































Bni Aero 





















BAT Wds 


















































Bnt Telecom 























] Cadbury Scnwpps 








































21 V4 


2 3 



Imperial Gr 





























































Mmiand Bonn 




































































































Vaa Reefs 






















H M 


































3 L 












Trl its. 1901 
















Ti 1H»V 03/07 










5 v r 










' w. 






1 tb 













*ug SuP - 



FT-SE 1525 

















(-1637) 1575 












































August 28, 1986. Tonk contracts 18988 . Can* 13535. Puts! 

'Underlying security priee. 


Period rates tended to be 
firmer during the morning as H 
became increasingly accepted 
that the West Germany was 
not yet prepared to join a 
chepaer credit movement But 
rates inclined easier in the 
afternoon. Local authorities 
seldom ventured into the mar- 
ket as borrowers. 

Operators appeared be- 
wildered by the better-than- 
expected figure for the US 
leading indicators for July. 

Base Rates « 

Gearing Banks 10 
Finance Hcmsu 10 

EBscount Marini Loans % 

Ovwmghi High; 1056 Low 9% 

Weak feted: 9 ii yj 

Treasury BBS (Discount %) 

r ireaui ww i VUMAPH tw 

1 mnth 9»a-9»» 2mmn 9kr9*i 6 

3iMitti9'«-9% 6mmh 9 ^i6-9»k 

Trade Btts (Discount 
1 mnth I0*i« 2 mnth 10X 

3 mnth 10* 6 mnth 9 u ia 


Ovsmlght open 10« dose 11 
1 weak 1014-10 6 rmrth 914-9% 

1 mmh 1 0 X -10 9 mnth 9V-6% 

3 mnth 12 rath 9" 

Local Aothariw Deposits (%) 

2 days 914 7 days 9S 

1 mnth 9% 3 mnth 9S 

6 mnth 9»« 12mdi 9% 


1 mnth 10V-1. 
3 mnth 10V9% 
9 mntfi 9K-955 

Bonds pt) 

2 mnth 10%-9% 
6 mnth 9Kr9K 
l2mth 9%-9% 

Gmntti 12mth 9h-9% 

imnth 5, 

3mmh 5.70-5.65 


can 6V-5X 

1 mnth 5’/rSV, 

6 mnth 5 ,, w ,, ii 
cal 5-4 

1 mnth 4*ib-4 t is 
6 mmn 4’ , w-Mit 
can 714-flB 

1 mnth VVPit 
6 mnth 7K-?fc 
can 15iW3» 

1 mnth 4U-4h 
6 mnth 4 ^i»-4>is 


imnth 5 3 iv-5 , i« 

6 mnth 4 ,l i#-4’ie 






Allied Irish 
in record 
£69 m issue 

By Richard Thomson 

Banking Correspondent 

Allied Irish Bank, Ireland's 
biggest bank, yesterday an 
nounced a rights issue of 
Ir£75-6 million (£68.7 mil- 
lion). ft is the largest issue ever 
launched by an Irish publicly- 
quoted company. 

The bank also forecast pre- 
tax profits for the six months 
to September 30 of not less 
than In£50 million, up more 
than 13 per cent from the 
same period last year. 

The issue, which is fully 
underwritten, will be used to 
boost the bank's international 
business and support its 
domestic banking operations. 

About SO per cent of the 
bank's assets are held in 
foreign currency, with the bulk 
of overseas operations con- 
centrated in the United States 
and Britain. 

Allied Irish owns 47 per 
cent of First Maryland, the 
American bank, and is due to 
increase its stake to more than 
SO per cem in December 1987. 
Profits over the last six 
months at First Maryland 
have risen by 22 per cent to 
$16.7 million (£1 1-2 million), 
of which Allied Irish's share 
amounts to $7.9 million. 

The bank said it saw consid- 
erable growth opportunities in 
the United Kingdom and it 
was expanding in Singapore 
and Australia. Support for its 
domestic operations would 
grow as the Irish economy 
picked up, but this could be 
some way off since the ex- 
pected consumer boom had 
not yet materialized. 

Allied Irish is issuing 412 
million shares on a one-for- 
four basis, priced at Irl85p 
(168pJ- After adjusting for a 
proposed lr5p interim divi- 
dend, the price of die new 
shares represents a 20 per cem 
discount on Wednesday's 
closing Ir23<5p (2I4p). The 
issue boosts shareholders' 
funds to £480 million. 

The IrSp interim dividend 
proposed by the bank com- 
pares with an lr4.5p interim 
last year. The bank is forecast- 
ing a final dividend this year 
of Ir6_25p compared with 
Ir5.5p, and a total dividend of 
lrll25p, up 115 per cent 
from last year's IrlOp. 


PanneU Kerr Forster; Mr 
Mike Fitzsimons has been 
appointed national director of 

John Brown: Mr Raymond 
McCabe has joined the board. 

Smiths -industries: Mr 
David Bain bridge has been 
made a director of aerospace 
and defence group. 

AEA: Mr Gordon Rnxton 
has become joint managing 

Comitee Europeean des 
Conslru clews du Brule urs: 
Mr Bill Ferris has been 
elected vice-presidenL . 


Gloom over economy 
feeding upon itself 

Even if the West German central hank 
had decided to abolish the discount 
rate instead of Leaving it unchanged 
yesterday, it is doubtful whether 
economists would have lost their new- 
found gloom. 

During the dog days of August, their 
confidence in the economy has ebbed 
away. But has the picture really 
changed since falling oil prices were 
haiied as bringing higher growth, 
especially in 1987? It was, after ail, 
evident that the initial financial 
effects on Britian would be awkward 
— an oilproducer's currency threat- 
ened, trade surpluses slipping away 
and state revenue cut. 

The benefits of cheaper oil to the 
world economy have certainly been 
slow in coming but gloom would be 
justified only if it became plain that 
the initial problems for Britain set up 
a downward momentum before this 

There are two main reasons for the 
change of attitude. The pause in 
growth in Britain in the first quarter of 
this year, originally thought to be 
vaguely associated with the bad 
winter weather, has now been re- 
assessed by some analysis as the 
logical intensification of a slackening 
of growth over the past year, which 
shows little sign of ending. 

Moreover the pound, having sur- 
vived the initial onslaught of the oil 
price collapse, has emerged as a more 
generally vulnerable currency, falling 
on balance of payments fears even 

when the spot oil price has been rising. 

Yesterday, the pound was close ta 
its lows against the mark, threatening ; 
to drop through the DM3 level. The 
sterling index at 71.0 is near the- 
bottom of the authorities’ tolerance" 

The latest thoughts of the econo- 
mists at Phillips & Drew, published 
today, do not quite match the gloom- 
of the National Institute 

The pound will weaken as the 
balance of payments shifts into defi- 
cit. forecast at £2.5 billion next year, 
Phillips & Drew says, forcing the 
Chancellor into the traditional tum- 
of-the-year raising of interest rates. 

But the weakness of sterling will not 
merely be seasonal, and election . 
uncertainties, rising inflation and the' 
prospect, despite fragile financial' 
conditions, of £3 billion of pre-1 
election tax cuts in 1987, will all' 
conspire to keep base rates in double - 
figures for the duration. 

It is a plausible projection but relies 
too much on foreign exchange dealers* . 
tendency to mark sterling down in; 
thin holiday markets. The = 
Government’s poor showing in the'- 
opinion polls is also highly volatile. 

There are worrying signs in the- 
preseni economic situation, and iL 
would be foolish for the Chancellor to 
ignore them. But if a (iule gloom 
allows Mr Lawson to bounce his 
Cabinet colleagues into accepting 
continued public spending restraint, 
the Treasury will not be disappointed. 

First night gilt-edged nerves 

The big dress-rehearsal for the new 
post big bang gilts market takes place 
tomorrow. If all does not go smoothly 
it will only heighten the growing 
tension in the embryonic market, with 
only two months to go until curtain- 
up. There are increasing fears that not 
all the 27 designated market-makers 
will ever make it on cue. 

Officially, the Bank of England says 
it would not necessarily expect them 
to be ready just yeL Unofficially it is 
concerned that some will not be ready 
even by October with their dealing 
systems, reporting systems, settlement 
back-up and all the other para- 
phernalia required. Market-makers 
themselves also have their doubts. 
One speculated yesterday that at least 
three or four would still be unprepared 
come October 27. 

The first trial planned by the Bank 
several weeks ago to check that its 
own and the market-makers' position 
and reporting systems were working 
well was a fiasco. According to one 
story, only 12 of the 27 said they were 
ready to participate. When the time 
came, the Bank itself decided it was 
not fully prepared. In any event, the 
whole thing was called on. A second 
attempt this week went better. 

So far, all the market-makers have 
been in for a second interview at the 
Bank, this time with Ian Plenderleith, 
head of the Bank's gilts dealing 
department. Apparently, some have 
been in for a third. The Bank is also 
touring the market-makers, asking to 
see actual demonstrations of how well 
their gilts systems work. 

The Bank is taking the opportunity 
of a virgin market to flex some new 
regulatory muscles. Any market- 
maker it deems to be unprepared wilL" 
not be given a few extra weeks* grace.' 
It will be barred altogether, probably 
for the full year after the start of the' 
market in which the Bank has 
promised that no new entrants would 
be allowed. 

Saturday's trial includes the full 
complement of market-makers, inter- 
dealer brokers and the Central Gilts 
Office — the market’s clearing system. 
There are worries over the CGO too,. 
Most market-makers are not so much 
concerned with the ability of its." 
computer systems to cope as with 1 
unresolved legal wrangles between 
clearing banks and market-makers 
over legal entitlement to stock within 
the CGO. 

Continuing strength 
and expansion 

Halfyearresults (unaudited) 




£2 99. 6m 

full year 

£58 1.5m 

Profit before taxation 

£92. 6m 

£78. lm 

£ 124.3m 

Earnings for the period 




Earnings per ordinary share 




Dividend per ordinary share 

4. Op 


11. Op 

The information shown above forthe year ended 31 December 1985 is 
extracted from the lull financial statements for thatyear which received 
an unqualified report by the group's auditors and which have been filed 
with the Registrar of Companies. 

Sedgwick Group 




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(noun* 2802 299.7 *02 423 

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General Equity 
G* a Ffaaa mr Gn 
car A Rued nc 
wee* Seeurtflea 
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213 247 *03 160 

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302 312a .. 330 

254 «» ILSO 

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01-726 1969 

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gnandai 1672 itis# 

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Income A Grown 392 423# 

Jopanaaa 8 PscUc 20*4 2174 
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NHi aow G rown 
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GUM me Tat 
Special Sea Acc 

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Crown Home. Wdktag GU21 1XW 
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Grown Thai 2173 2324a 
American Thai 1297 1317 

RerqMB. Sorer BH2 88L 
07372 42421 

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4. M«Me Cnucem. Edmbun^i 
031-228 3482 

American Fund 740 711 

Canui Fond 942 101.1 

American Fund 74.0 79.1 
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Grown s me And 127J i3&0a 
Kk +1 Or* Find 1077 1112 
tn&matfo nn l Ftrnd 1904 2123 
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Smttr Jap COS Fnd 37.1 392 


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IEk) Ana IS 
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{6*1 Pactic | 
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1503 1553 
1210 1210 
2960 3056 
(4) 212.1 2190 
272 294 

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25 080 


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21 618 


24D 24 S7.8 



20b 00 . . 



10 953 

170D 60264 






43 31.1 


40b 2B4S0 



T0 970 



21 090 j 

394 244 
320 215 
19* 158 
3» sea 
820 540 
26* 244 
IBS 132 
63 45 

Wl 80 
132 110 
235 237 

70 56 

71 «■> 
12B MB 
216 181 
162 128 
167 137 

330 215 
385 318 
4*0 300 

68 48 

193 156 
6* 90V 

271 188 

331 278 
81 SO 

40* 279 
sort 14a 
79 88 
38 31 

42 36 

171 147 1 W a Mare 
zw 316 Finer Plate 

231 Ml Romeo 

15*. liv Remo 

148 118 a Andrew* 

Gresham House 

Law Dabenm 
LOO Merchant Sec 
Loo Trial 

Murrey feejome 
Murray Srnfl 
Murray Verdure 
Ne* Cowl 
New Darien 08 

a W dayman sad Co report 

SUGAR (From C. Comlww* 

Get 1244-24.6 



Ihr 14&2-46.4 


_____ 150.WOS 



1 58-4-59 J) 





_____ 1*54-52 






Jt, ____ 

- iwji 



Dae __ 









1*000-40 JO 

143.00- BVR 

143.00- SLH 

If* : *.■.!. qr 

■■ JM-I-* »- - ■ 

uhdoicibi pnm 

OMdal l^nwffBrflgim 

Pdc# In C par bmMg tamt 
Sh#r in pane# paring onne# 

RnUolf Wolf 0 Co. Ltd. report 

Gash 877,00-57100 

Throe Months. MAMt-mst) 

Voi ; 4000 

Tom Sta*dy 

if.'* *. j; 

Gash 05(150-651.00 

Three Months. 871JXM72JM 

Vol 75 

Tana Cum 


Cash — 27050-271.00 
HUGO Momhs . 273.00-274.00 

VOI 5800 

Tone™™, ™.Sw*iiar 


Casta 54000-55000 

Vol NK 

Tana ■ ... .... Mia 


Cash 57850577.00 

Threa Months . 579.0057050 

Voi 2250 

TOoa _____ — -—Steady 


Cash - 34000*34000 

Hire# Months . 3 54.0005000 


Tone fcfla 


Cash- -3400034000 

354 +2 

315 • 

154 +2 

327 +3 

8» #+I0 

230 #-l 

18* +1 

60V -V 



290 *5 

230 • .. 

83 +1 

84 • .. 

119 +2 


HE +1 

167 +3 

330 #*2 

385 *3 


M3 +t 


2B4 -I 

351 +8 


404 *8 


78 -1 



404 *a 

Ml • 

243 • *2 



349 #+4 


145 • .. 

Scot Eastern 125 *4 

Scot Merc A' 400 

Scot MM 5*5 +9 

Sew m 303 +2 

Second AManca m® *12 

SIS*,. S' 1 r*'* 



Cash 781 .00-78200 

Three Months . 77200-773.00 

Vol 850 

Tone Stsacfler 

24 17 . . 

IS 20330 
14 30 400 

15u4 *7 290 

13 10 .. 

16 20 730 
80 ll 114 
0.1 03 . . 

30 30 427 

102 81 
122 95 

209 156 
113 100V 
101 89 

188 118 
186 MO 
118 90'.’ 

174 139 
168 135 
305 237 
370 300 
207 157'. 
143 112 
94 79 

296 217 
62 33 
74 53 

107 BOV 

TR AMMka 98 

TW dry Of Lon nati4 
Th tad 8 Gen 209 
Th Nau# has 111 
TR Now Amenca M 
Th Pao*e Seem 185 
TR Property ia* 
tr Teen H» 

TR Tnnteex 173 

Taaipm Bar 155 

THorjn tt lon 290 

Jung Saaaed Can 340 
Traoi oca** 205 

Tribune 142 

Ttvtaaat me 90 - 

US Dabarxura 296 

Whng RM OMtaa 88V 
Utkamool 63 

Wian 107 

Taoman 348 

66 27 514 

4J> 28 40.7 

150 170 It 
2Sb 70 1BO 
22 30413 
40 *0 680 
1Mb 40 350 


00 10 .. 

17.1 40 410 

18b 50 280 
124 11 212 

47V 3*V 




DKf Us3. 

£22 V 


3i 150 


Do A- 








30 170 







34 129 






from Gp 



-a . 



74 90 


Hweraon AOtwi 



20 184 




74 70 












24 304 


MarearesJe House 




17 17 

Faorc irv Ta 







Sum New Coat 




U 70 

CP8h 2585-2570 

Three Months 2600-2605 

W 138 

Tone SteadMr 


OK Carta. 8508p par kg hr 

Mr- 1 **" 

Oft Pig*. Tl67p par Kg tur 

HUV ' 

*B3t dead carcase weight 

BngtaMf and Wtfe* 

CatM not. up ia7 %, am. 
phea.96.08p (-081) 

Sheep nos. up &5%, am. 








109 JO 



11«fr 11450 
















Vot 10 ■ 

Plfl Meat vofc 10 



UmCatUa Contract 




























C per torero 





<30» . 
















Wlwat _ 



“W f.r 














r 173X0 

172.70 ’ 

May - 






Voi: 285 


CLKJ. Freight Futurae Ltd 1 

report 310 par iodaxpekd 1 




Oct 86 



Jan 87 


7 * 1.0 . 

Apr 87 



Jut 87 



Oct 87 


Jan 88 

— — 


Voi; 238 lots 
Open Intaraat: 1993 

HkMLow Ctoaa 

Sap 88 1060-1080 » 


' * Tt 

4 lit.. - J AV^.k 

•> A. i rkv ■ 

>Okti — 

r l> <x 

A1 %. Ul^k. 


. ’ V 





From your- portfolio card check your 
ctghi share price movements. Add mem 
up to give you your overall lotaL Check 
■Iris against the doily dividend figure 
published 00 this page. If it matches you 
have won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money sated, o you are ■ 
winner follow the daim procedure on the 
bade of your card. You most always have 
your card available when claiming. 

| G 

|tfa Craxpsnj Cnap 

■ix a 




[ Industrials S-Z 



Utd Scientific 



Brown £ T**x 

Whitbread "A’ 

| Breweries 









Aus New Z 





Banro Ind 

tndrtMrids A4> 



Jndunrials E-K. 


Metal- CTasurts 

TtKhwrtah L-R 


Tra&Jgar House 

tadusnais S-Z 


Lawrenoe (Wahert 

RuiMtita Biifc 

■ 5 

Six Hundred 

Industriab- S-Z 


Beit Bros 



Itxtaariab L-R 


Gr Pcniand 



Smurfil Uefl) 








Mmsn Crucible 

lodiotnais L-R 


Molins - 

Industrials L-R 






Indnnriab A-D 


Davies 8c Newman 

Industrials A-D 


Deriiend Stamping 

Industrials A-D 

Banks (Sidney C) 







Industrials A-O 




Cory (Horace) 



Meyer Im 



Brut Chems 

Chemicals, Ptas 


Anchor Chemical 




Mouv Aircraft 


Tea HWgs 

Industrials S-Z 


Smiths Ind 

Industrials S-Z 





Geffer (AJi 


Jones (Ernest! 

Drapery Scores 



(ndnstrials L-R 





WolvrbmpUi & D 



Equities in buoyant mood 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began August 1 I. Dealings end tomorrow. §Coniango day next Monday. Settlement day September 8. 

§ Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

Kgft Lorn Conan* 

BO 59 RM m 81 

ue notacHU ui Hu 130 
M 280 , RoylB*OfScot 385 
8 5'. Scnrod*n DP. 

bw *18 Bond Ctm 70s 
fllB 8U ttacn 573 

75% 43V WMs Fargo C76V 

■“* ' 275 



ea 1 "- 3bb 

nMtMtfw an 
Do V ' Z7D 

wwnatf to# 213 
_ ~ M3 

wwnwp m 3 D 

Haag * 

100 UlU 

104 4ft ISO 

11.1 4.1 1£4 

11.1 4.1 113 

IM 60 77ft 
107 23108 
104 34 213 


an 2ia 

287 213 Ante 

74 52 Amctata BB 

190 125 AffMoM 190 

560 391 8PB Mum 5D3 

317 284 Bmimfttt U0 

164 114 Bmm dam 142 

.. IM 43210 
44 0ft 07150 
.. ai oi ms 
0.1 32174 
.. T2-9 20 14J 

.. 102 30123 

.. 109 72 .. 

.. m .. 02 
*0 104) £7 103 

43 44 0.7 100 

. . 37.1 4.1 127 

41 300 53 73 

.. 143 UMl 

44 3014.1 

69 J3 

.. 30 64330 

40 30 153 

Please be sore to take account 
of any minus signs 

40 4.1 .. 

33 26 105 
2440 43103 
15 14120 
04 53117 
04 00141 
250 14 231 
47 46 Hi) 
25 23 120 
24 43 74 

*. t 

Weekly Dividend 

Please moke a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8jOOO in 
Saturdays newspaper. 








•*-’ v Ti 


W» tin SCO 

M. Gnn 
Plica Ch-go ytt£ ytX 

SHORTS (Under Five 

SO 1 - 94V En* 2V% 1986 
192% 100V Exert 14% 1990 
103 95 V Eren 13*76 1987 

moil 93 V Tim ClO'.W 1907 
874 9?V End) 2*>% 1907 
101 V 97% Bart 10V% 1987 
98% BPiFurt OSilh 1905-87 
1«'« 9MIWI 10%19B7 
97V 90*0 Tuns 3*. 1997. 
104'.- 07% Tram 12*1987 
»% 9?* Tins 7%% 196560 
'«■. 90'iEoh IQV% 1908 
1W% 94%TraasC9%%1988 
0«% 96V Trans 3* 187638 
HJZV 92*0 Tran SV% W— 
107S 93'.' Tran 11V* IB 


117 9306 

74 BJ58 


UKN 95 "r Tran 10’rtfc 1999 
93 V Exert 10* 1969 

104V ... .... 

11V* 94’aExcn l0’«% 1989 
107V 94 E»o» n* 1900 
1»% 84 •; Tran 5* 190648 
-.Vty* BP* Tran CSV* 1990 
92 03^ Tran 3*1909 
114’. 103'. Tran 13*1990 
96'. 76'aEurt 2'»* 1900 
108'* B4% Exert 11*1990 
113'. 100 Exert 12 'j* 1990 
89'. TSVTrsas 3* 1990 
100* 89 * Tran 9%* 1967-80 
.106* 92*. Tran 10% 1990 
US'. 99 Tins 11V* 1991 
M* MVRm 5** 1987-91 
110% 99* Em 11*1991 
*’■ 83 Tran 3* 1991 

74 37 174 
ai at . 
174 44 134 

_ 74194 
224 54124 
157 19 17ft 
9 l3 5.1 134 
74 21 114 
44 44 34 

144 52 74 
204 24 15.1 

145 37 142 

:i_ 44 10.1 


133 24202 
127 41 134 
74 *4124 
122 24164 
i 14 . 14 904 
140 41294 
154 *2 102 
103 44 142 . 

12 1.7 94 
94 94134 
14 14 254 
07 06 104 

24 1.104 
33 24214 





«•% 103 Tran I?-* 1992 
107>. 01V Tran 10*1092 
1WV »’j Tran ClO'i* 1992 
117V 100% Eurt 12V* 1992 
121V 102’, Bcch I3’i* 1992 
ira 94V Tran 10* 1W3 
<21*103* Tran 12'r* 1993 
91V 79V Rn! B* 1993 

W..11l*nan 13%% 1993 
raavHB’tTran mV* 1994 
122V STS Exert 1ZV* 1994 
lTTVHOV&oi 13W 199* 
'O'- 88’. Tran 9* 1904 
1*0 100% Trent 12* TBB5 
»v BSVflas 3* 1990-95 
110* 91 ’< Each 10 V* 1995 
<2B 1O8V Tran 1Z%% 1995 
T33*112VTran 1<% 1998 
l£% 67 Tien 9* 1992-96 
MJ» 122V Trass 15V* 1996 
TOi 111* Each 13V* 1996 
»% WVBOmpi 3% 1998 
HB*lOi’.Con» 10*1996 
131 110 Tran 13V* 1987 
IT2S 9SVE«h 10V* 1997 
i*»> 79V Tran 8** iw? 
142% 122', 6*0) 15*1997 

»/ 73* Tran 6** 1995-86 
89 V Ban 0%% 1090 
1*9* 126V Tran 15V* 1990 
w*' 1 105V Each 12*1996 
ror.wvTMn 9v* i99B 
UEVim'.Exch 12’A 1999 
«* 96V Tran 10V* 1999 
1UV HMXra 1990 

133V 111% Traas 13* 2000 
99 95VCDnv 9* 2000 

liissiVTran 10*2001 

l®% BB’.Con* 91.* 200i 

























C1Q0V -% 



. . 



















37 104 






42 7 2 
.. 123 

43 1*4 
53 97 
4.0 123 
.5.7 44 









54 M3 
1.8 204 
44 44 



44 254 


210 178 Anglo TV A' 
52 27 Granr — 

200 178 Kiv I 
375 283 LOT 
350 188 Scot TV 
273 140 TVS N/V 
40 31 TSW 

240 223 Drawn TV 







119 54134 
24 17 84 
lift 62 100 
214 57 154 
ISO 4.7 105 
144b 64 11.1 
18 54123 

13? vnrv rran u* immi 129 * +v 



71t%9aVOam 10*2002 W*'. *v 

134 V 103% EjKB 12*190902 117 *<m 

80 Tran 9V* 20CB 103'. -rt 
1J2V 03V Dan 10* 2003 lOSVe+V 

V11B-. Tran 13V* 200M3 130V 0 -V 
J» »104 Iran 11'J* 2001-44 115’.»rV 
'«> 9*'t1Mn 10* 2000 105V ♦> 

3'j* 1988-00 56V 

9'j* 2000 101V +'0 

9'j*a 2005 101S +v 

... 9’i* 2005 1 01S +> 

117V 30'.Exefl 10’>* 2005 I10'.ra+V 

’Jf'OWaDm 12T* 30(B« 12SS TV 
«*- 79V Tran 8* 2002T16 89V +'* 
1^102 Com 9V* 2006 103V +V 

127V 100V Tran II 1 .* 2003-07 119 -V 
WVBJVTran tv* 2007 93S +’» 

*12 , ^' ,Tnn 13,!% !34S#aV 

S'. 06V Tran 8* 2009 BBVra+V 
»V 57*. Tran S '^0 200B-12 66 *+'. 
.BJV 78'. Tran 7V* 2012-15 BSV 
138 113’. Each 12* 2013-17 127V +V 

103 00 

00 61 
98 79 
206 129 
10 4 


Aqurscinm 'A' 


»V 40VFI0M 
10SV BOV Coo* 
iwv 96v com 
100V 90V Conir 


Jp* svconok 4* 
« 30'. War Un 3'j* 

»y 44'. Craw 4'r* 
*'• 2»v Tran 3* 
». 24V CMC* 2’i* 
w* 20VDa» 2’/* 

43'J .. 

38V .. 



27 V .. 
27VO .. 







ugviMVTnn 0.2*1908 
J® * W'. Trae* * 2* 1990 
>22 'W 1 * Trust 1 2* 1996 
IWV 06'. Tran 17' A 2001 
JSE* S’^Tfawiu'-saBu 

11? ' SS.'*?®* A 2* 2006 

JDS » 92V Dan 04V* 2000 
£ Tran IL2V* 2011 
79V Tran U'i* 2013 
’S' ^>Tra» LU2'.-* J0i8 
w • W.-Traas ru'/%2020 

122V • 

107 V 








9 r. 

11 - 


























2® <n 

fiS 65 

298 ifis 

iS 1 - 

280 173 
ii a 
JM 230 
489 384 
590 *S 

1*0 410 


3?- 24* > 
*2v 33'. 
80 «e 
115’. 80'- 
■M2 148 
378 2*2 

Si ,9S 

*V3 833 
7* u 

S 3 i5 



IS 190 

599 417 
» W 
sa 436 
122 80 

AM kM 

Anndrar (Harayt 


BMtOi Irama 
Bank Lam mm 
Bank Laura UK 
Bank Of Scawnfl 
gitwn Sngny 
Caw Aam 

Oran Mamnii 


Com Bank RW 
Onaeira Bank 
ms Nat Pkionea 
Ganara Nat 
Gunrau Pas 

H* samuai 
ismg 3 
•Uaarao^ Banon 

Do 6* ■* 
Nat Aura Bk 
NH Wte 

56 V 

















10 45 S.7 
. . • . - 415 
15-00 75 . . 

-10 170 9L8 

62 00 

tbs sas 

356 236 
174 84 
53 40 

000 306 
56* 42# 
268 105 

152 118 
365 210 

» 88 
$33 346 
1D0 73 

715 600 
_»4 194 
136 39 

178 IDS 
133V 51 
203 IB3 
480 310 

178 87 

84 64 

153 89 
232 172 

14V SCO 
11 "j 721 
307 190 
33 25 

43 28 

. 76 

38 34 

228 135 
“* 875 
_ IK 
231 103 
350 2*3 
635 530 

231 15 

353 305 
81 EG 
130 100 
SOB 106 
370 220 

179 133 

44 ft 

-384 '234 
72 47 

* s 

Body Shop 
" ar 











5.1 148 

4.1 118 




Ccara wrav 
CowMUO EngWi 
Cauls (Fun] '*' 
OAKS Simpson -A 
Dantsral (U) 
Downs Grp 

an 6 Gram m 
By* (mmoiaaont 
Sipra SCras 




fan Ail Dar 
Fora 00.0*1) 





4-10 10 

+2 07 

♦10 16.1 

.. Ill 
.. 17.1 




-1 13 

9 .. 43 

03 78 

.. 138 

4* SA 


43 28 

.. $7 

08 563 
18 403 

22 213 

28 314 
78 78 
13 Ml 
4.1 208 
58 78 

29 118 
13 266 
15 110 
4.1 106 

23 233 
17 193 
12 98 



Gam sfe . 64 


gus . nav 

Oo -A' C11 

Kama cwnmy 232 
Katana « London 27 

ttous *2 

Houaa a laroaa 154 
Jonn (Biras!) B2 

Lama Pra» 32 

LCP 124 

LnCoopar 203 

LMcroSl Kjj BOU § 

MarU 6 Soencar 2T3 
H aqn iwn 313 

Hr>i Bras 530 


•Vvw to 325 

PanKM 74 

Praadr (ACradj ii« 


+H) 100 
*t 12 

. .. 16.7 

+V 300 

ftaad (Ausmi 
Do 'A 

8 ft USteras 




















42 168 
12 368 
17 1SL0 
50 468 
11 198 

17 147 
28 115 
65 16 
7 A 119 
78 113 
11 1&1 
14 217 
38 88 

18 215 

28 a j 

18 211 

—% 7 icld ” 

© Tims Nospapcn UnM 


Claims required for 
+38 points 

Claimants should ring 025+53272 


dm ru 

Wet Orga penca * pje 


i*qb Lo» Carnrany 

tfu W 
WnWga panes * p/e 

ragnun Ggn 


. da. TW 

Pm Gh gapm * P}E 


H^i urar CBB0any 


Ur YM 

Pm Chgapwra % PjE 


. . 110 07 112 

410 200 48 02 
♦23 28.1 15 74 


.. 116 

.. 289 

Vi 19 

-V 138 
-'i 306 

.. 14 

-TV 60 
•1 200 

.. 211 
-1 10 
+10 10311 
+6 188 

• .. 177 

.. 128 


• 4-18 258 


19 228 
08 41.1 
S.1 153 
48 .. 
58 .. 
48 113 
0.1 .. 
43 .. 

7.7 88 
3* 137 
48 86 
11 13 
65 .. 

3 7 202 
17 112 

6.7 7.1 

s v ar 


103 170 
196 '» 

178 96 

925 430 

SmWHWff ‘A* 


SOTNiM 3*1 

Siumgarfl 17 

Surara CWw 38 


Tkna Protects 60 

Up Tap Dug 190 

urn*** in 

DM wnw * 398 








48 797 
11 204 
24 202 
.. 343 
48 168 
11 13 
51 UB 
.. 21* 


Wign LO»» Cp w pa n , 

Gran «< 
a* vh 

Pupa Chga panai * PB5- 

+3 158 48 123 

-* 08 18 119 

7.1 Mil* 
♦10 TO 42 98 
+V 193 10 117 
*2 464 68 67 

I . . 528 78 878 

** * 73 28 114 

• ♦10 7.1 

• .. 







.. 18 
.. 240 

14 882 
28 IM 
12 .. 

15 158 

147 us 

ui 3 

EM 379 
280 177V 
112 75 
19 11 '» 

IB 6 * 
300 2S0 
518 103 
243 178 
57 37 

352 203 

2* M0 

70 50 

190 1*1 

BK* 131 

Boniss) 1*6 

Boainupa 535 

Br Tatocon 200 

Broan Smart Kara in* 

g^^A- » 

Cam • BMW 330 

Ganxrdgt Bk i» 

CAP Op 186 

Craonaa 53 

Do 7V% CPF 213 

Comcap 3SB 

gray eict 323 

gffgs is 




100 13 188 
10.7 1* 11.7 
43 43 98 
11. 08 298 
08 67 T3 
68 10 163 
108 58 118 
2.1 1.1 348 

.. .. 114 

* » IS tetatOamanq 
143 98 Chtyton Son 

520 300 Cofsw^ 


398 180 AS EM 
181 120 AfeMwanc 
142 36 )WM, 




IM 15 2*3 
11 12 178 

SO 43 Apnea Computer B 

559 •+2J 37.1 08217 




•♦30 27 6 11 17 
. . BDO 58 98 

06 63 Aim 

300 205 ABarde Conn 
58 46 Auto TidBitir 
230 MO Atflo Sac 
370 200 wo; 

138 64 B6R 






03 03 615 

080 08 ... 
.. .. 3U 

4.1 1.6 83 

. . . . 173 

23 13 113 

167 58 117 
16 33 58 

50 37 

za tb2 

- Daatouat A ' 30 
Dewlnp 320 

££? ltm 170 



S3 147 

180 M2 

51 2* Foaacd Tpch 

2» isa oec 

1B0 BO Onarav 

114 so KOMnc Baa 

108 50 IK ■ 

i agna) 6 coraruzaa 





250 175 



323 233 

210 12* lugca 

023 27D MXBL 
Its IS 44*00 0 

433 206 




-- 44 44uny EM 

313 2*iv lira - - 
108V 01 NB 
IS . 

_ 383 Q . 

IS 160 P€ 

32 II ‘ 



11 02 163 

B8 13 22.7 
68 12112 
43 88188 
18 OB .. 
18 48 13 
28 03 218 

11 64 114 

4.1 13418 

13 12 181 

1-0 15 104 

48 68 tU 
63b 3.1 HO 
68 13163 
11 18 1 18 

14 13158 
11b 28153 

6.1 14 113 
68 * 68 68 
38 42 T18 

12 28 11 

18 04 . 

Ill 48 17 
17.16 68 5*3 
178 78 18 
!*• 07 018 
164 42 T38 
14 0.7 2S8 
43 18178 
07 13 68 

540 • 

16*V 114 PMpc Rn 5V* £117 

Ms I 

; Lamps x/V M6V 

17V 13 

ffi) 160 fteo 

190 120 00 -A’ LB VoteglTO 

205 162 Rasim 182 

20V 13V Do ADD 26 £T9V 

158 118 Ansae 1*1 

46 22 Quest A laxan 33 

2»« ISO Rant Bats 174 

488 158 ftttflts 483 

615 445 Schofas (OH) 5W 

54 30V Sound Dnrator 42 

188 98 STC 14* 

216 M2 Scene M 188 

130 78 Sraan D Uj ra n so 

16>. T3 TDK £13 

259 170 Tawsion* Aanws 203 

123 40 Tatenaara 80 

529 37* Thom EM 087 

2S0 170 Thorp# (FW) 230 

360 225 Tinatal ■ 270 

322 206 UB 322 

213 T79 uraaca 190 

ZK 140 IM Inihrt 1*8 

ISO 718 iw senate: iso 

505 320 VShMiaWS *71 




• *3V 

It 22 205 
.. ..168 
41 28 164 
7.1# 18 254 
314 14 112 
07 1.7 108 

11 18114 

68 41 314 
07 08 212 



• .. 

• ♦2 

108 5* 
103 75 


Baa m 
Rang 279 

100 4J 188 
IS 68 16 
253 81 358 
11 14 114 

15 09 100 
78 28 22.2 
93 48118 
62 38 50 
It 54 H4 
15 00 200 

128 58 05 

° u m 

22 25 _ 

110 43 128 


2M 2ii Amgwarft 
19* 126 A(k*n Hum 
178V 71V Anoamsa 

210 110 

2S IS 

263 194 

48 16 

29V 17 Equty 6 Gan 
IBS 182 huvSftm 

19* 153 
78 62 

95 B0 
148 114 
220 205 











18 08 .. 
88 13 68 

17.1 18728 

S3 24 37* 




U 42 258 
68 61 164 
88b 4J 268. 

On a* 




M Post 20 


Atma Dnrtra 


148 «*2 

25 . ■ 


316 • .. 

98 -5 

5*4 • .. 

Banka (Sksnay C] 355 •♦5 

Barter S Dcoson 13V -V 

BvrtACB. 338 

BassaB Foods - 186 
aemys 00 

BRam - W *1 

Bkrarard Cort J8 .. 

• tVnrang (B«1) 105 

nasppnlM -1 

ig 178 

45 10 112 
18 S0AKLD 

11.1 34 117 

17 18123 
68 5.1 215 

17.1 11 178 
164 48 08 

.. ..212 

13.1 48 92 

17 62 167 
34 111 

Kate Sava 
t4#a (-gra-8 
Lovi4 (OF) » 

Low (WOJ *70 

M a a n aa ra (Banna 2S5 
Mm Trad* Sapp 105 
Mormon (W) 216 

McnoM (JNl (Vbna225 
Namranp 5* 

Mtn Foods 290 

Nutsn 8 r m cnrtr '82 
Part Foote iso 



SSn'i&rara uS 

swn (cmra ip# 







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033 328 Grand Mai 896 

286 206 Kennedy D rac fca * 22B 

391 312 Udtroka 355 

505 047 Lor Part HUB* 535 
100 76V Mom Otekna 91 

105 87 Prmc# Ot W HrtaM 8* 

79 58V Outers Mow 77 
. 368 Savoy HotaM VT 370 
81 58 Staraa _ 0* 

209 141 TrusoKWSa For» Ml 

•+M 116 14 118 
-6 24 1.1 118 

.. 161 45 118 

♦10 148 17163 

• -2 11 13 158 

• . . 11 26 111 

-V 27 15 188 
+2 58 15 M8 

• .. 18 161S8 

• .. 78 53 148 



♦I 11.1 45 111 

88 13298 

82 88 127 
30 103 

168 ... ... 

10 67108 
♦1 112 50 143 

♦10 66 28 188 


200 Boob 211 

_ . * 6V Bouion (Wira 18V 
393 258 Bowarar 
Z2V 16V Samar K £18* 

130 75 Pra te. »«« ftp 126 

383 303 Bcnnar 303 

87 82 : 

48 V 33 V P angan 48V 

a 35 &«gand Co 37 

199 ns entn in 

240 136 

140 113 Br &Oa 1 eng App 1*0 

303 ISO BSS 
M3 97 ‘ 

3*5 198 
*23 296 
145 34 . . 

3* IS Bran 

0M 141 Cotora*' _ 

BV Com o. -a Tien 
112 71 Concamnc 
77 26 Ccrn Soocnary 

290 74 OeteffST 
570 358 Coctaon 

i?? i rSs r n 
^ ^ gSTSa-Ke 

174 127 Cras wnito. 

224 154 Crown Home 
216V 1UV Aaraaras 3>v* 
a 32 DSC 

315 207V DPCE 
m 206 Ugey 









13 £7 558 
100 73 S3 
1&4 11 .. 
7.1 U16£ 






23V 17’.- Dsn* 

” 48 Dana* 8 Mai ’A" 

18 ft* Ml 

13 1.7 195 

14 £7 173 

11.1 24 128 

21 12368 

*4 48 TM 
.. 09 UOO 

16 67168 

SJ 42 117 

.. 113 16115 

♦7 STS 2S .. 
.. 0.7# 18 .. 

23 09 37 B 
♦15 178 60114 

£19% • 

63 12 M 

203 1 




283 171 Drams 6 Hum an 2S3 *3 M3 54 84 

132 92 Dan- 129 •-! U U 72 

IBVflSB D* La Am MOV ♦% 47.1 45 134 

■ 67 Dan io« 

075 m Dmd Sanarag 203 

SIS 188 tawMW 242 

19V 17 oatka Haw 19 

371 180 (Aptcana 223 

102V B3 Dobson AM «f 

110 S3 Don 93 

723 SS Donmon W TO 

iSO » Dwak 06 

97 80 V Dyson (J«J) S3 

88 71V DO ’A- 75 

85 5.1 11 
♦3 114 43 <33 
.. 104 45 101 

.. 08 12215 

75 la ill 
♦T 74 11 13.0 
.. 71 78 t05 

78 7.1 114 

• .. 64 77 124 

• .. 64 65118 

2*1 75 TurtWItW 

’S. S.S2T 

‘ g5~* r ^ 

540 233 Viekara 
130 102 Vcar PlQOBCB 
185 120 wan 

204V 13* a , . _ 
l» IS* VSEL 
205 11& W5L 
105 120 MM* Psnanas 
218 158 Wagon ad 
B6>. 29 «5 EuCC8W) 

144 69 Maurionf Gaaa 
198 w ma mma s 
375 238 Waagrad 
is* 08 wa»^ 

231 17* W rt cura 
50V 14V MMwm 
110 5S MtaaBaod 
iia 70 Wasa 
2SS 210 Monti Aam 
12* bz vibasaa* 

263 177 MAnatra* 

188 125 wan (Jama*) 
700 395 WmMdra 
160 120 te® 

— — A n kara 


W* 2B Wood (SW) 
n 03% wooera u* * 6 n 
as SB Wy n tu m Eng 
178 135 Toung 04) 




C30 1 - -V 
253 •♦! 


135 • .. 

C103V -12’. 

in -s 


10 70 57 73 
18 16200 
505 £0 174 

75 2.9 M.O 
MB 4.1 118 
7.1 58 98 
£2 1.7214 

ft? 200 Oote* H Bn 
58 » GoMPM 
120 39 Ol ' 

453 ZM 1C 0U 
ICC 04 












** SB 












11 72 

.. .. BSS 

4* 34 130 
1Z1 13118 

21 15 232 
18 18 188 
6.1 38 218 

143 30118 
48 41 ” 
10 1.7217 
.. ..112 
48 57284 
78 73 ISO 

15 18 198 
78 75 98 

143b 84 11-7 
04 12 11 

2000 3.1 273 
68 65 .. 
ISO 27 175 

16 65162 
14a Hill 
O0 81 113 
£80 38 M5 
42 3.1 15.1 

54 26 
29 11 
M3 85 
300 130 

a is 

M3 VI 

31 21 

61’- 43 

14 4? 111.. 
S3 4 3 ... 
23.9 ( 53 M V, 

KC* Mng 
Do Urns 
N*w London O* 

P ramwr 

... nmm Omen 
9*0 853 Shja 
IBS 133 54kot*n* 

ST lB Scneman 
23- 11V TR Energy 
153 *1 Tnoankcf 
280 BO Triaa Eunpa 
214 125 “• 














-1 4 3 307 <TS 

-1 174 (38 48-' 

-10 141 6*8 . u- 


66 106101 . 

♦ v 328 87 T+; 
-3 500 54 §Y_ 

-3 86 57 235 T 

-1 .IS* 

71*12 3 25-0 
1 * 8 - . 
73 5 ? *4.. 





58 31 Bomranek 

IM 127 C m * na an 

010 303 taencaM 

f8 MS- 

37 ^v Jacks (Mao 

«o wa . 

30 19 BrawrrUoMJ 

74 48 Bnarass " 

309 £00 Maagh 
252 136 eugS 
83 §S B um A ra a ra on 
108 66 Caratetd &ig 

58 25’. Canto M 
90 56 Cara ad 

*00 253 .case Eng 
i» 58 Crags 
38V 2SV CAM 
8 * . Cte» 6 Sheer 

25. 13 Camram, M 

59 45 Cfthd 

86 B5V g a moa Ml n Pn 
105 ao crarmartn X m 
290 193 Charter Com 
WO 510 enema 
35* 203 ernes H 
68 35 CHWJT Hani 



2» 177 AOMUl 
M . 22 Am 4 Mm 

11 02 328 

Oln 02 979 
200 7.1 9J3 
73 60115 
.. .. 0.0 
28 05238 



18 64 124 
675 48 .. 

75 28 138 

75 44 91 
73 38148 

313 . 

221 191 gM 

277 210 B3 ZS 

43V 29V BOte 39V •♦% 

153 102V Baeo 133 -12 

29V 17V Sacmar (AE) -8- E29V 

10 * st erara w er a-g 

2ft* 10% Erraart E2*V ♦% 

381 £82 Erqksn Chma ca, 328 d-2 

2ft> 19 V Eflcsaoa |U*)7^ CZ2V ♦% 
16* 134 Erafcna KOuta 145 

177V 130*, European F«rrtm 139*. -V 

142 112 OOSMAI 133 

3<2 158 bead £18 

£14 1£4 (dam M 172 r -1 

421 312 EM 403 -6 

56 22 Ftexn 42 

42 £6 f aada a Agrie tad 34 -1 

M3 too Farmer UK 1 32 •♦1 

73 H Ptt IndBW 61 

538 406 fiaooa 623 -2 

V 36 Fknaca 83 

124 9* OarateCiW 92 

& 31V Fob#) 35 

123 96 Fogarty 98 

41V rv Mat Grate hjv rav 
199 157 Fothargd X Hanmy 171 

67 48 Fraate (TMnaa) SO a-4 

148 48 74 
107 58 12.1 

08 41 128 
27 68 M 4 
78b 65 >68 

48 «5ft2 
139 5 2 .. 
161 48 138 

9 0 04 . . 
OS OS 14.1 
98 48163 
7.1 58 . . 

58 28 118 
18b 58147 
148 15 188 
07 1.7 938 

£1 62 88 
7.1 54 204 

! 177 


50 62177 

-2 78 18 27.7 
-0 10 18 .. 

23 Am Q*p 
405 223 Arawnrk 
917 era bhvk 
338 220 Com Umn 
301 228 Lousy ft Law 
*31 213 FAJ 
960 701 Gan AeoOam 
954 720 QBE 
70S 484 HaamCE 
am 207 Hogg Robnson 
.290 231 LagS B Oar 
224 173 London X Man 
438 257 Lon IM In* 

66V 29V Mum X McLan 
205 220 Mmra 
3*8 223 PWS 
15% 12 Pane 
8*2 TIB 
053 361 
807 780 

191 *1 

OKU •♦! 
£28 •-> 
37o a-fi 
9*7 -2 

301 -4 

295 -5 

286 ♦! 

857 ♦S 

85 U 

100 3.7 
890 35 
B5 28 265 
447 E8 
17* $8 

66 3.6 

2S3 153 LDnmo 
« 3* Ocean Whob 

258 190 Pamrao n 2nd 
2flO no Do A 
?« 120 to* Pwfc 
SO 30 Sna Darby 
580 5S6 StaraBm 
224 ai Tozar KM 
218 153 YUa Cane 








55 11 . 

384 85 81 

63 323 

18 *612.7- 
I H>1 





. . 78 

75 51 2*i 


225 4.1 1JJ 
100 4 7 If 





*20 320 SadgwrakGp 
47* us Ararat Waai 







_ OB M 

385 2S6 OXN 

310 260 GH 

118 SO Gwnaeip 
tS7 in Grammar 
150 ill oew 
II V 756V gum 
3*4 194 Ohrmrad 
505 250 Oomg K*rr 

182 1 07 

312 206 


S3 50V HIM ftacteon 
232 13* HM Eng 
128 W0O? 

265 1B0 HaA* 





Graraprai HUge 140 








25% Hempaon tad 

38 • 

68 61 65 
08 05 48 
61 62128 
25 90 78 
125 70103 

4.1 62 960 

64 90 118 

178 65 05 
TOO 04 61 
SO 4.7 60 

2.1 18 10.2 
47 35 107 

157 18 264 

125 4815.4 
195 5511.1 
57 4.1 141 
105 07 135 
05 60129 
25 13164 
UO 75 78 
64 48 08 
143 7 A 12.1 
24 09 318 

18 47 85 

445 300 Slug* HUgs 
772 520 SuiTkra 
827 772 Sun LI* 

550 120 TrateManaray 
47* 36* WMs Frame 







UO 4.0 215 
411 4 0 250 

*3 3*8 72 75 

> 117 *3 130 

-9 11 7 4 * 330 

-3 69 44 78 

-5 2*6 5.7 125 

+'• 270 4 

♦1 114 49 121 

. . 125 41 204 

OOib *9 . 

-3 371 4557.7 

-10 TP8 SI .. 
-5 3B5 4 6 860 

-2 157 *6165 

-3 157 S1 175 

-2 10 On 24 21.4 

-S 250 30 614 
.. 339 38 . 

-12 48 2.1 60 

♦3 125 35195 


24 S 210 Abboa Ataad 
US 123 Addaen Cons 
5a *3 Aocttnlm 
258 229 Aaaoe PSOar 
47 31 AW 6 Vranry 

191 140 Bartiar (Cnartas) 
190 13B Bamroya 
357 217 Boasa 
310 201 BPCC 
IBS M3 Brume 
IBS 1*2 Do Ft/V 
243 155 BuW 
930 720 Canran Conan 
225 173 Chapman 
350 173 CrogpwUM,] 

106 130 Darteum Paare* 





*0 10214- 

15 30 16* • 
69 38 M7 . 







71 42 00.4 ' 

r 05B 20 170 

-2 200b 73 223 

♦2 70 30 *64 

♦2 7 0 3 0 438 

46 20 SM* - 
05 1 0 208 . 

120 5621} 


500 360 EucaljipMS PlAp 
281 172 Farauian kid 
085 379 FttnDasign 

r «i tag. 30 


__.j pfi y 

90 S3 Gears Grass 
213 im Dow Graanian 
iao 89 Good Ates o na 
793 IBB HuMram 
173 110 Lopax 
420 ftl Lowa |4S C£ 
235 140 McContUMata 
135 83 Mora OfarrM 
155 123 Norton Open 


-6 116 
♦5 67 


11 6j w 
41 124 
26 1*4 

14 68“ 
4.1 17 » • 
.. 25218 

*3 57 257 

• -2 14 07 163 ■ 

-2 70 68 174 

• .. 68 33 98 

144 96 
220 128 
171 98 

56 U 

X WA A - 

■ 6 


225 T9B Cn ry i d d 
010 325 • 






191 Ml 

190 MS DO 6% Cm 
116V 98 DO 5%% PI 
125 115% Oo 10% 

'33 Haram raaa 
275 T75 Harm (Pitep) 

823 *31 - —• 










250 | 







■0 05 Haute (5 
M2 122 Htangot X Job 
9) 62 Huta Brae 

100 60 Hod uora 




120 01 Hoaatan 103 

310 230 Huraig Aaaoe 300 
115 BB HUKtig Group 103 
297 277V Huchsn VWtapo B 297 
1ft 119 M 106 

315 210 ttorron ?i0 

295 245 Jackson* Bourn 2*5 
141 96V Jartei* Mrab 10O 

615 473 Johnson Ctaanars 555 
220 133 Jowiaon nrauilr 21O 
4*V 22V Jonraui x FB 3*V 

345 ZB juraoi 313 

1*0 M Jones & Shjpnan no 

^ -S. ssssm ¥ 

30 25 Katon 31 

325 IBB Kataay tad 300 

130 10s Keonady Snail 128 
290 230 Kanbaar IA} . 270 

219 123 AaOZa 

5.70 38 168 

800 48 „ 

05 70 .. 
0 61 .. 

78 =81 05 
135 53 128 
20.7 42 109 

27 £5 68 
94 27362 
103 5.1 166 

6 ID 68 208 

38 <4 78 
.. .. 298 

481 .. .. 

55 6X138 

1&7 46 98 
58 63 88 
114 24 98 
68 08 78 

62 V «9 
Si 65 
'25 83 

131 80 

ita 32 
iao 137 
10 130 

301 278 

303 326 Aateyusaftn 


Harrevgar Broom 65 
Horizon Trawl 120 

m Larsud 113 

Jumna a HUgs 50 

14a taB 1*6 


IftO 74 106 
.. .. 235 

78 *8 125 
14 38 1=3 

60 44 1T.r 

03 28 188 

. . . . 415 

.. ..70 

63 58 97 
7.1 «J 10J 
43 88 165 




393 06 25 235 

223 66 39228 

12a 5.7 49 169- 

■30 «.8 90 38 131- 

EHT. •♦’. 

58 29 ora** Paper SI +3 ..a. $4 7. 

BBS 513 Si hras Op 745 *1$ 1296 1 7 30* 

985 639 SaaUk $ SaacM 730 ft.. 229 51 M* 

150 111 00 03% Oo Prl 119 ♦V 90 76 .. 

256 124 Smnrauaiq 224 *1 *7 2.1. - 

220 200 IMhar Wdar 70S ..16* 51 95 

2« 125 vampeaen im i? 13 27.T 

75 *0 warn 73 ♦! .. . . iu 

1ft 113 Waoongton U) IBS 74 48 171 . 

291 ao wumough 250 *3 13 30 127- 

5C5 320 “ft CoAnt 485 ■♦15 61 15 267 


84 43 

3 13* 

72 51 



10 120*0 Zaurs 





• ♦1 

• .. 


73fl 58 61 
11.1 34 135 

161 44 161 

.. .. 265 

68 48 118 
34 18 113 
57a 75 131 
7.1 38 W8 


0V 2*', 

04 0 Mad Lon 
S3 70 Ape* 

TB3 155 ArtngmSam 

77V 143V 

139 B5 
302 210 


— - - — lift 

40 3(7 BraOBM 
10 144 Br Land 
170 130 Braun 
0 0 Cart (At XSons 









08b 04 . . 
20 28 0(7 
25 34 17ft 

64 58136 
17.1 5J M6 

125 31 16| 

*8 mi! 
6> 81 166 

• -5 


20 • 

»’■ 3V Ang Anar Coal 
10 - 830 Ang Am 
57 V ft An GPU 
S3 33 AWT 

40 22 

41 22 
1» 120 
425 236 

im ao 


Amr Kta 

BO Bracken 
21% 8% BOWS 
356 226 CRA 

M 0 .can Boyd 

S3* 408 Cons GoU 


£40 V 




c r 


39 22 LDH 
158’. -120 lap 

X3 216 

75 42 
78V 41 
113 0 
K 60 
73 53 
35 23 
233 179 
137 0 

77 59' 










130 7* 
710 *95 
79 52 
M3 05 










10 ig 












Locker (T) 

Lon Mtena 

Do DU 

.. . Lon 6 Man 

228 159 Lon M 
263 134 LongtOI tad 
080 319 Low x Sonar 
410 306 MLHdgs 
115 6* MS W 
*3 si MY Huangs 
383 255 Macarthys Riana 
wo 1 21 Ma uan a n a 
79 a IMoMwi (P6VU) 

208 10 UcKeeme 
Ma gu nBa 
Manganese Bcm 

E552i (Usskfrt 
_ Mate Bo* 


91 55 

7BV 53’. 

123 70 
198 163 
ftl 212 
*2 ZO’. 

216 158 Nad Ul 

41 28 Nurai te i ras 

1 53 32 Naawan Tonka 

133 66 Nobta 4 Lund 

BS 43 NU»n 
10 Hcroas 
203 Oftce Baauacb 
*0 2*7 Paraa r Knol A' 

*■ 525 Pamsh JT 
B 03 353 Paaraen 
27 11 Pate 

M3 0 Peerless 
87* 332 Pagw-Hraiaratay 
520 1*0 Panaandtad 
1* 77S ft teoM* 
ftl PAnglrai 

51 Ptauc r- 

385 196 Portals 
323 216 " 


190 11# RHP 

158 123 RadtafUMaW 

50 *21 Rank 09 

ITS Ransom* Sam 
10 0 Ralcsrt* OBAUge) 108 

„■ 5“*4J s £*Mn 22 

245 111 Redtatei GUSS 203 

390 200 Read E iaaaaam » 

? i«v Read w 2*0 

173 132 Btayon IBB 

91 57 Rerotd 67 

106 0 Resarav 104 

52Q 345 RBUtafS 313 

0 21 Raunora » 

ISO 110 Ricardo Eng 10 

0 S3 tarard flees) as 

■IB AtewrisonWesi *2 
152 83 Betteum Am _ 96 

381 151 Robnson fThemas) 358 

55 30 RodtwteW 0 

150 127 Ropew Jft 

10 116 Do -A tft 

3 DV PoMpr** 2V 

IE 116 ROtart 04 

10 0 Rotate (A) 90 


• ♦8 

• .. 

BS 14 217 
3J 63236 
95 67 90 
26b 66 65 

63 4.6 102 

12 25 217 
5.4 65 73 
IS 7.0 95 
142 61 130 

7 A 95 112 
65 25191 
5.7 £2 3=2 
150 35 M4 
11.4b 23 15l 2 
25 27 100 
15b 4.7 122 





SB 161 
25 IBS 
27 45 104 
M3 67 103 
45 35 115 
85 13 235 
43 6j4 79 
25 37 62 
53 41 17 
65 56 .. 
96 65 222 

63 41 134 

01 314 
290 10 
9% 4' 

13% 7 
255 150 
59* 2W __ 

2ns 129 b Ora 

390 290 ERtaSooU 
4V 2V E Rand Pmp 

9 4% FSCons 

213 93 FS D** 

75 17 C ara u Tra 

5% 4V Gate 

10 6 GaoMntag 

1D% S'- GLSA 

*78 313 GM KataOOrt 
SJ 3S Qopeng 
99 CS Graanwcti fta 
375 155 BraOMM 
10 ft »miwtoa Atm 
9% 4V Haramny 
3M 175 imam 
>1 47V ta w wi 
12 V 5% Kinross 
6% V. KkxU 
160 es Lass* 

13>r S' 

410 170 

10 6* 

0 15 

123 60 

0 14V Mates Gap 

26 SV Rteangua 
9 S% Udftt vws 
BS5 450 Unarm 
5% 2 V New VWj 
t*2 n km Brawn mi 

44 2s v nh Katouk 

oge «** 





MS . 






-15 M3 65 

-1 40 10.6 

-2V 271 6.1 
M2 56 
10 64 
.. 47S 317 

-2 790 270 

.. 260 21.7 

♦'• 20 IBS 


233 216 cap X Comma 

900 780 

. 200 Cartel Prop 

IM 10 Cenaomcte 
405 *10 Cneraartau 

Cram NaAortt 

Conuoi Secs 
r X Raw 







350 10 722 
18.0 43 

42 .. 


76 33 215 
25 10 .. 
86 4 6 50.7— 
171 86195 

25.7b 25 133 
90 56 242 
60 23 251; 


27 23 270 ' 
56 25 64- 
65 33 99 IV 
205 35127, 

43 63465 

0.7 06 .. 



12.0 33 . 

66 34166 
M6 114 
266 123 

209 170 

25 3 

16% 11 

Eshns aop 
E mm 01 leads 10 • .. 

Pma Dam 61 el 

fraom 2no 

GiTartHd 10 *2 

h2S gd JSv 

S33 \X£2r>~% •* 





605 104 
BO 112 
460 66 




£83 V 













205 $00 

-10 170 
-5 V 30 



M5 275 
50 37325 
6=6 ms 
_ ES 

695 115 
«0 95 
290 3=2 
115 125 

„ *17V DO A 
20 10 Kanamr Drum 
325 233 Htrasngar 
62V. 46*1 Hong nig Land 
3*0 270 buy 
195 155 Jarmyn 
320 373 Lang Pitta 
30 270 LtedSacu 
095 3S8 Lon* GteiTH 
" M7 Co 6VK- 



3SS • 


35 31235- 
121 60 181 
57 S3115« 

.. .. as- 

101 51 135. 

64 5.123.1^ 
61 13474^ 

66 25 *! 
135 35 379'- 
139 63 369 
50 25 230 
15.1 S3 104 


20 319 
177 151 
353 20 
380 275 

_ 2*0 
toe X Prpy Shop 263 


775 213 

100 25 

235 7.1 

23'- 10V 

136 85 



















55 125 


B% RanbMnmUd 




8ft 95 



Hted Mnas prop 



5.7 5.7 


4ft M.4 




115 .. 


04 M5 







6ft S7 




35 515 



35 517 


69 12ft 


SV 51 Katana 


ra r g 


sa una 


62 494 


14'# Sotxnvza) 




60 .. 


5.1 1=5 







5ft 67 


Strya Bfru 



45 1£? 











=7 174 



VUi Prato 








167 .. 


6ft 9ft 





223 .. 


AB 135 


yoo - * _ _ 



IM 5ft 



62 26ft 



05 335 






49 111 



Wasran Anus 






Wettam Drao 








W*M Rand Cora 




8ft .. 



wawe Orate 



05 2*9 

7 V 



♦ V 


>59 . 



37 1=5 
23 225 






1 1 

4ft .. 


A* 17.9 






60 - 

Lon Shop Prop 
126 90 Mdneniey 
119 105 McKay Saca 
0 *0 Mukhaui 
215 125 Mamma Mora* 
79V 60 Uutmugn 
50 167 Maim Era 
to%5io iteuwavi 
760 364 l lou ntw aw 
108 0 Mutadpw (AXJ> 
20 ibv Muamte 
UO 73 Nan Craanash 
BB 43 Panama 
383 256 Peacney 
260 72V Prrata Marians 
230 178 Prop ( R*» 

155 107 App Htogt 
31 106 Prop Sacuay 
13'. Raglan 
330 190 RegkMan 
60 313 Rosene 
297 20 Rush* 

103 78 Seel MM 

1B3 142 Sough Es 
00 260 Speynet* 

173 <00 SraMSses 
90 66 SvcMn 

58 0 Town Qm 

360 IBS Trattaro Para 
10 95 UK Land 
9 -525 Utd RaM 
885 675 wamar 
670 075 Warn lord 
0 17V Vtabb 

8.1 =2 583., 
26 15859 

100 34 147. 
145 4J 21.6 

10.7 I 6 243 

93 39 .. 
£7 =5 232- 

70 43 214 



62 944.. 

A0 21.1,. 

52 44 117 
31 65 175* 
.. 66 1.7 20.6 * 

•SV 05 1.1 4=3 

• ♦= £7 12 469- 

• ♦5 M3 15122. 

71 09 115 . 

74 73 155. 
. . 173 05 363. 

17 14 52ft 

•-I 23 27 13.7^ 

. . 121 45 aum 

64 £707 

♦2 43 32 269 

i . . aa 27 189,,, 

.. ttl 05 .. 

=5 10292 
♦5 11 02 . 

» . . 122 51 126 

55 62 214 

*18 83 47 140 

.. 136 32 21.7 

65 36 167 

14 26 315. 
166 73 153 

175 10 MteVctartry 

214 =2 05 
279 32 02 
2*3 17 232- 
07 25384- 
114 67 97. 







3 35 
14 121 
17 17.4 




65 4.1 135 
29 43 94 
64 62 8.7 
54 1.109 
14 40 113 

At £8 161 
43 S3 92 
.. .. 191 

6ft WHO 
.. .. *92 

.. ..95 

S3 7 1 9.0 
" 7.7 03 

.. 12 

85 10 I 

250 10 AE 
168 78 Appkrytad 

Ml 70V Arm s t r ong 
53V 24V BSC 






£3 £603 


3M 195 Braerai [CD) 

606 421 Br Aaraapaca 
ISi 90 ft Ok Auobona 
273 168 Cattyns 
215 79 CowrafT) 

133 IM Daws (Goo bay) 
2*1 172 Dowry 
115 38 CFJF 

33ZV253 FR G(0(O 
213 125 F uo Motor 
90 96 GaHS (Frank G) 

£99 228 General Motor 
105 SI GtacmU l 
114 68 Narrate* 

522 373 Hone* Motor 
583 335 Jaguar 







M2 72 JfSMOS 
55 KwsJfi 


0 17 9 33 

274 214 Staa TMy 230 

99 55 Sandra** j TO 

W 0 Srada Gordon <J> 75 

*91 1 B 6 V Scao* 270 

Mi ton Scut Graanrra n 10 

195 120 Sara Hanau# 10 

170 $4 Sctw ft ftobtatson 1*3 

164 122 sacurcar . 0 
154 ms Do "A" T=1 

M4 M Securty. Sanr 116 

52 29 Smtar Eug 

10 7$ Sb*te 

153 103 Sterar 

990 7B3 
SV 32 

303 1» State* _ _ 

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An island split 

by a battle 

of loyalties 

A detail of 



histoiy that 



Valletta (and incidentally left 
palaces which were fit for a 

the Italian foreign minister, 
likes to dwell on is the British 
offer to Pope Pius IX to take 
refuge in Malta. Signor 
Andreotti deals frequently 
with Malta since Italy has 
practically replaced Britain as 
the most conspicuous western 
presence on the island. 

He was .presumably im- 
pressed by the concentration 
of historical significance still 
tangible in Malta even if now 
the Maltese are politically 
divided on whal that signifi- 
cance means in modem terms. 

Both principal parties are 
now sharpening their ideas in 
readiness for the general elec- 
tion expected early next year. 

Both the governing Labour 
Party and the Nationalist 
opposition know that the next 
election will be vital to the 
future of this nation of 
330.000 inhabitants which has 
seen its role fashioned by its 
strategic position and, for 
more than four centuries, by 
its dose contacts with Europe. 

Labour has been in power 
now for IS years, and this 
period has seen a total change 
in Malta's Mediterranean role. 

Since the departure in 
March 1979 of the last British 
soldiers stationed in Malta, 
the island has ceased to be a 
military base. 

The principal aim of Labour 
rule has been to end Malta's 
traditional role as an island- 
fortress serving, first the 
Knights of St John, who 
created the capital dty of 

Pope and his entourage had 
Pius IX listened to British 
promptings), and then the 

The Labour vision of 
Malta's future has been, and 
remains, that its position. 

once exploited for its strategic 
value, should now serve the 

value, should now serve the 
commercial interests of a non- 
aligned country following a 
neutralist foreign policy. 

Totally opposed to this 
concept is the Nationalist 
Party's view that Malta's place 
is with the West and. should it 
be relumed to power, it would 
lake immediate steps to 

would like 
to line up 
with the West 

change the axis of Malta's 
foreign policy. 

Eddie Fenech-Adami. the 
Nationalist leader, sums up 
what his intentions would be 
in a single phrase: “Closer 
relations with the West, first 
Of all with Italy, and applica- 
tion for full membership of 
the European Community.” 

The division between the 
two parties is bitter while the 
difference between their two 
voting strengths is small. At 
the last election, the National- 
ists actually polled more votes 
than the Labour Party but 
ended up with fewer seats in 

Both sides hope the experi- 
ence will not be repeated in 
the next election. An electoral 
commission is at work on 
proposals to avoid a similar 

No, we haven’t taken leave of our senses. 
Nor have we lost our sense of direction.; 

Fly with us and you’ll discover that 
Malta really does start near the end of the 
Piccadilly Line. 

Because Air Malta is the only scheduled 
airline that can take you direct from the 
tube to Malta, via Heathrow’s Terminal- 4. 


situation and should report 
early next month. 

The fear expressed by the 
Nationalists is that if they 
should again win a larger 
popular vote but be denied a 
parliamentary majority they 
may be laced with a violent 
reaction from frustrated 

They also maintain that 
even if they win a dear victory 
there could be problems 
surrounding the handing-over 
of power. 

Some members of the cabi- 
net they say. are by now too 
deeply embedded in the ex- 
ercise of power itself to give up 
gracefully. That, however, is a 
problem for the future if it 
exists at all. 

The Labour leadership is 
intent on defending the rote it 
has devised for Malta since it 
came to power, starting from 
the island's status of neutral- 
ity. The government intends 
writing this status into the 
constitution so that it could 
never be changed. 

To do so will require the co- 
operation of the Nationalist 
opposition because a constitu- 
tional change requires a two- 
thirds vote in parliament. Mr 
Fenech-Adami ■ agrees that 
Malta should be kepi free of 
bases but he is resolutely 
opposed to the idea of per- 
petual neutrality imposed by a 
new anicle on the 

Labour sees neutrality as an 
active, not a passive, status. 
"Malta's geo-political 
situation.” according to an 
official description of the 
country's foreign policy, “fully 
justifies the government's re- 
solve that Malta's primary 
role should concentrate on 
efforts to help forge the closest 

possible relationships between 
Die European region and the 
Arab world: this, in turn, 
would contribute immeasur- 
ably to the eventual realiza- 
tion of a new identity for the 
Mediterranean of lasting 
peace and unity removed as 
far as possible from super- 
power rivalries." 

- The origi naJ architect of this 
role was Dom Mintoff. 
Malta's Prime Minister for 13 
years until December 1984. 
Mr Mintoff was an eccentric, 
impulsive ruler whose sudden 
decision to resign brought a 
fairly general sigh of relief 
even from within his own 

The concept of neutrality 
was certainly his. but his 
practical application of it was 
to lean heavily to one side 
when quarrelling with the 
other. He appointed his own 
successor in the person of Dr 
Carmelo Mifsud Bonnici, 
whose personality is the op- 
posite of Mr MintofTs in 
almost evety possible way. 

He is quietly spoken, calm 

and reflective. He has been 
assiduously repairing fences 
damaged by Mr Mintoft 

He has made an agreement 
with the Catholic Church, 
which is extremely powerful 
in the island (even if the Pope 
bad gone to live there he could 
hardly have increased local 
religious fervour) on the ques- 
tion of the financing of church 

The agreement is for two 
years but it lays down a 
substantia] contribution from 
the state towards the upkeep 
of Catholic schools, ana 
presumably this principle will 
not be in question when the 
moment to renegotiate 

Dr Mifsud Bonnici has 
maintained friendly relations 
with Colonel Gada'fti's Libya 
but in a much quieter way 
than his predecessor. 

Economic considerations, 
moreover, are now dictating a 
falling-off in trade with Libya, 
mainly because the drop in oil 
prices’on the world market has 
cut down Colonel GadaffTs 

income and allows Malta to 
buy cheaply elsewhere. And 
this is likely to affect, even if 
indirectly, political relations. 

One of Mr MintofTs last 
acts was the signing of a treaty 
of friendship and collabora- 

Symbol of 
two equals 

lion with Libya, which was 
unhelpful for his successor 
particularly because it con- 
tains military clauses. But 
from the government side, 
much is made of the point that 
no use has yet been made of 
the treaty. 

Relations with Britain are 
now notably more cordial 
Last year Britain agreed to pay 
the costs of clearing Grand 
Harbour of wartime bombs 
and wrecks. That laid the basis 

for a better relationship and 
since then the Maltese have 
been helpful in the United 
Nations over the Falklands. 

On August 15, the first 
British military presoKe in 
Malta since 1979 arrived in 
the form of the frigate HMS 
Brazen, which paid a courtesy 
visit of four days. 

The two governments do 
not see eye io eye on im- 
portant aspects of foreign 
policy but Dr Mifsud Bonnici 
was able to describe the naval 
visit as a symbol of friendshjp 
between two equal partners in 
the Commonwealth: “Not 
equal in size or importance 
. but equal in status.” 

It would be a mistake, 
however, to regard the advent 
of Dr Mifiud Bonnici as a 
retreat from Mr MintofTs 
policies. He is calm but also 
determined and ascetic. He 
lives with his brother, who is a 
» priest, but he was not easy 
when dealing with the Church. 

Boat park in Birzebhtqn: . 
Luzzu, or Maltese gondolas, ’ 
iu this popular summer 
resort on MarsaxloklL Bay * 
in the southreast-The . * 

bay is the site for a \ " 

transhipment centre. .. 4 

Peter Nichols 

■ Interview .with* 

Carmelo MHsod Bonnici - -» 
the benefits of neutrality 4 
Peter Nichols . 1 

■ Plage 23 ; 

■ Economy - priority to * 

job creation fn the 1986- 
88 plan . 

John Earle 

Page 24' 


■ The British' heritage - 4 
from a parliamentary sys- * 

Austin Samamt 

. . . page 25 , 


Naturally, that isn’t the only advantage 
of flying from die most advanced terminal 
in Europe. 

Fly Air Malta and you also get facilities 
superior to those of any other terminal or 
airport in the UfC 

Plus a lounge for Club passengers. Not 
that we’ve let it go to our. heads, because 

you’ll find our prices are kill as competitive 

a sever 

And -we still give you the same warm, 
friendly,- high standard of service we’ve 
always been famous for 

Not to mention a choice of up to 19 
flights a week. 

So if you’re thinking of flying to Malta, ■ 

don’t go with just any afrlihe,gb with Ad: 
Malta. And fly with the airline that’s really 
put Malta on die map. 



• For Air Malta reservations or fares® 
information ring 01-930 2612/0345 581195 
or look up Prestel 2001130. - 

Alternatively call your travel agent. 

No other scheduled airline flies direct to Malta from Heathrow; let alone Terminal 4. : SSSSS 


1H£ iiJVi^SFKAOAY AUGUST 29 1980 

Radio Mediterranean 






■ M J 

■ : x :i 

' ■|Sl|l 



■< , J' <. <> 


v+ : ' : >: ; : : : 

ip l 

Provids# you pick the Appropriate ^ 
commercial link to handle aii your X 
invest mental h ordo/ to maximise Ji 
security and profit. X V - 

M AX) OFFICE: 58, Zachary Street, Valletta, MALTA 
TELEPHONE: 623261 ' TELEX: MW 1235 - 



A general 
election must 
be held m 
Maha by next 

' It would 
"be folly to 
change our 
course in 
now we 
are all 
set for 
economic £ 
growth " 

Carmelo Mifsud Bonnici 

Ratho Wij/iwjiiim 0r,hiih\i-.i-. r'r, t/j 
I,*/’,/ filii‘KH; $!•.•'! It 
Etvii'h ill Jl.Slt L TC. ir. f nr, ^ ut 2.' Jii l ?C , 
A rutin „■/ AS.Kti t'fc. 


Mmino " Mediterranean Sea 

\ Slietna 

St Julian's 

Manoe* istand 
[Graria Haroour 

Blrkirtura O 





TEL. 23 1872 231*7.1 603l»2 

for the time being. and be would be prepared to Malta. “There have been a 

“Our special arrangement talk to the Soviet Union and number of incidents in which 
will take into account the fpye U P bis neutral and non- the courts have decided that 
policies we have followed aligned status if the security of there have been breaches of 
towards the emerging court- bis country was further threat- rhe constitutional provisions 
tries of Africa. This is also ened. In other words, he but these breaches do not 
negotiating with Italy now for would join the Warsaw Pact mean that human rights are 
one and a half years (ora new countries, though the western not honoured in Malta, onlv 
agreement We have made a countries discount such a that the rule of Jaw is 
lot of progress but a few thing because they think that observed, 
difficulties remain and we the Warsaw Pact countries “1 do not think there have 
have not been able to sur- would not be prepared 10 take been frequent breaches or 
mount them because of the - on such a commitment be- grave incidents. Political ut>- 
intemai difficulties in Italy. A cause they consider Libya a eny can be not only seen but 
settlement has now been post- liability. fell here in Malta, the oppo- 

poned loo long.” “Our way of thinking is that sition party has as much 

How does the Prime Min- l he Soviet Union would wel- liberty as the government 
ister see the situation in Libya come the dependence of Libya party. It has more facilities 
after the bombardment in on its fire-power and its than the government in some 

economic help. And the irou- fields: the Press is predomi- 
ble is that not only Libya is nanily anti-government, 
involved. What would happen “I do not think this question 

to Tunisia when President of human rights will be an 
Bourguiba is finished, and to issue. It has been foisted on 

' gerous to embark on other JS £S _down of our useful to them because it 

: policies which would disrupt AiT “ xT.iLT'.... -j serves as a bridge at a time 

■ and disturb the progress which nf^thL^hi «r ,dea wben dialogue 

we are making in this field of 9 eu Z Wllh Afrlca has fizzled out so 

i regaining the productive ^ ronsl,lu S 0 j ? lhal they would appreciate a , . T 

strength we had in the pasL It J new link with the Arab couo- towards the USSR 

-would be a folly to change * ines. This would be one of the 

course in midstream when we {2-f b ?E slron e P? 1 "* th? arrange- assessment of the situation is 

are now set on a course of ment and the other is regional that it is calm. There are 

economic expansion. tho^ ,n lhe cenain shon *& s but * is 

! “There are other points. For goS wi?klt fo? rS tiLf the? M ^! r ? neaiL ■ .. returning to normal, and when 

l instance, the experience our accept it before the elecriorL w!Sr ,S seeklIlg 1 say normal I mean normal 

party has gained in govern- We^J iSSSEhSt t0 « tab,, s h a Mediterranean by their standards, not our 

K during^ past 15 years ^u^ P° b ^ aad ™ a * after this stajidaids. 

is, I think, very valuable in policy whidnvould expose us SUlnf ■ rB “ ** for Gada . ffi * s Position, 

: this difficult time. ! do not ^ Sanvdi^re. 5? “““j 1 *** ftrthenng our assessment is that he has 

think the majority of the PLH! 0 ” 1 devdo P“* en * ° f more support now from the 

people would want inexperi- tries and the Eastern iJ^ W ^^ ean A C t < K Untne l b Sl h 2®° pe ^ a , 1 ? he had ^Fore. 

enced people to take over at mumrieL" eastern to the north and the south We Economically the country is 

thisjunaure.” What about Maltese n»la- ai ? 1 J n f’ st,n 8 on llus jd^first weaker but in our opinion 

I asked him what he thought tions with western Europe? rounmes^with 611 Yugoslavia thf^ecnllnm > hffl° wi! h f ,and 
the main changes would be if “We have _been i seeking closer and Cyprus, and then mtfi the SfoftKS w 

the Nationalists won the elec- lies with the European Community rnunmee .ilf u - e we r '5 

tion. He replied: “It is difficult Community, that is, we are namely Spain France. Italv arC ^ e . m8 i, 

to say what they would do after a special arrangement SdcL^ V ^ 

becaitte they have never been with the Community. It seems Malta has a dose relation- ELte^n^ountrS ^ ^ 

speafic about anything except that now they are in a position ship with Italy, which under- “fXSSri me .hie 

that ihey want a change. If to accept our view that it wrifes Malta's neu^iiyTd himself a^dastod me to tS? 
theymanwhattheysay, there wouldnotbe in our interest or gave finandal aid undVr an it on to ^^7ov^?nS^ 
would be a comp ete reversal tn the interest of the Commu- agreement which expired two Even thSTdSoSvfe 

of our foreign policy, a com- mty for us to have full year* th* h , e 

heart of the ^ 

National Tourism Organisation-Malta 

London Office: 

Mr. Leslie Agius, 

Suite 207, College House. 
Wrights Lane, London W.B 
Tel.: 938 1140. 

Harper Lane - 
Floriana, Malta. 

Telex: 1105 Holiday MT. 





Best of Banking 


When La- 
bour came to 

power in 
1971, Dom 
Miutoff, the 
Prime Min- 

Economy undergoes a sea change 

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ister. set the economy a chal- 
lenge that some saw as a road 
leading to progress — others to 

The object was to eject the 
British, because they weie an 
occupying military power. 
Until this was achieved, they 
were made to pay a much 
increased rent for their mili- 
tary base. 

The money would help to 
tide over the economy of an 
island with a dense population 
but without natural resources 
pending its reconversion from 
one relying on the military 
and naval installations, to one 
diversified between commer- 
cial shipbuilding and repairs, 
tourism, light industries and 

This was to be accom- 
plished in the framework of a 
foreign policy of non-align- 
ment and neutrality. Malta 
was to become a land of peace 
and progress, an example of 
social justice and welfare, and 
a bridge between Europe and 
the Arab world. 

It would make up for the 
lost base revenue by “selling" 
its neutrality to those coun- 
tries interested in supporting 
its status and providing aid to 
- restructure the economy. 

Since then the island has 
lived through IS yearn of 
uninterrupted Labour rule, 
two oil shocks, continuing 
tensions in the Mediterranean 
and, more recently, a slump in 
oil prices. How much has been 
achieved in the economy? In 
recent years foreign visitors 
have noticed shortages or a 
lack of certain consumer 
goods, even if basic foods and 
necessities are generally 
cheaper than in neighbouring 
countries such as Italy. 

After rising to double digits 
in the early 1980s, inflation 
has recently been at zero and 
this year is heading towards a 
scarcely perceptible 1 percent. 

A strong defence of the 
government’s record is made 
by Lino Spiteri, Minister for 
Economic Planning. “The fig- 
ures speak out loudly," he 
says. "Take tourism. The 

1 78,000 foreign holiday- 
makers in 1971 should Qua- 
druple this year to 600,000." 

In 1971. he emphasizes, the 
implications for restructuring 
the economy were fully rec- 
ognized when it was derided 
to wind down the British base. 

Industry is 
still critical 

But this was “a moral objec- 
tive, as Labour is against the 
concept of force, and of earn- 
ing a living through military 

The last British forces left m 
March 1979. Its policy of non- 
aggression and non-alignment 
enabled Malta to obtain aid 
from countries such as Ch i n a, 
Italy and the Arab world, 
including Saudi Arabia, Abu 
Dhabi Kuwait and Libya. The 
aid agreement with Italy ran 
out at the end of 1983 but 
negotiations have been going 
on to draw up a new package. 

In these IS years, Mr Spiteri 

says, there has been a dra- 
matic improvement in the 
national minimum wage, in- 
troduced by Labour — from 
£M3 a week for a woman 
factory worker to £M30 (about 
£34). This is the same level as 
for a man, whose minimum 
has gone up from £M8.The 
minister stresses that the so- 
cial security system was delib- 
erately left intact when, 
exposed to the difficulties of 
die world economy, the econ- 
omy hit a stormy period in' the 
early 1980s. Though less af- 
fected than other western 
countries, it experienced rises 
in inflation and unemploy- 
ment, and Ms in exports, 
external reserves and the 
growth rate. 

The Labour government, 
returned in the previous year's 
election, acted in 1982 by 
introducing freezes on wages 
ami prices. The latter, the 
minister explained, were kept 
in check by instruments such 
as specific controls on food 
and clo thing, cost certificates 
in imports, bulk buying of key 

imports, and a price stabiliza- 
tion fund. 

These measures, whose ef- 
fects are still felt, have been 
“by and large successful". But 
unemployment has remained 
10.5 per cent of the working 
population. “That was. and 
still is, unacceptable," says Mr 
Spiteri, even if the latest 
figures are encouraging, with a 
rise between December and 
June from 112,747 to 115,094 
in the gainfully employed. 

Consequently, the 1986 
budget and the 1986-8$ 
development plan rave prior- 
ity to job creation. The aim of 
the plan, the minister said, is 
to provide 10,800 jobs, 
roughly half in the public and 
half- in the private sector, 
thereby cutting unemploy- 
ment to about 4 per cent 

Relations with private in- 
dustry have improved 
remarkably since Mr Minloff 
was succeeded by DrGannelo 
Mifsud Bonniri in December 

Mr Mintoff used to take the 

decisions on his own. “Now, 
what we submit io ministers is 
listened to," said John Pamis 
England, president of the 
Federation of Industry, whose 
280 member firms represent 
the bulk of private enterprise,' 

At the same time industry 
remains critical of the govern*- 
mem on several other county. 
For example, Maltese citizens 
have accumulated large saw* 
ings abroad, but the authori- 
ties are said to have been, 
ineffective in attracting back 
these sums for productive use 
at home. 

Some industrialists are 
sceptical aboutthe, by Maltese 
standards, big and ambitious 
project for a cargo trans- 
shipment complex at 
Marsaxlokk in the south. This; 
indudes construction of a 
breakwater and berths and- 
quays for handling con- 
ventional, roll-on/ roll-off and 
container cargoes. 

John Earle 


•N. CONTINENT - every 10 days 
Hamburg - Bremen - Rotterdam - Antwerp 
• U.K. - every 10 days 
Garston (Liverpool) - Ellesmere - Felixstowe 
•N. ITALY & FRANCE - weekly 
Livorno - Marseilles 


now at 

the helm 

•S. ITALY - 3 times weekly 
Reggio Calabria 
Catania — once weekly 

• LIBYA - fortnightly 
Tripoli - Benghazi 

i .«***"* 

# o»* V€ 



P.O. Box 555 Telephone : 232231 (10 Lines) 
Valletta Telex: MW 1321/MW1210 


On a hot August day the first 
of two powerful supply and 
tug vessels ordered by China 
passed Occidental Oil's 
dry docked tanker Arm and 
Hammer on its way from Bull 
Nose Wharf down French 
Creek for speed trials. Along 
the creek were merchantmen 
flying the flags of the Soviet 
Union. Mexico and Singapore 
— the latter owned by a British 

The scene was an example 
of how the management has 
diversified its custom since 
Malta Drydocks inherited 
from the Royal Navy not just 
these names but also its main 
repair base in the 

Sammy Meilaq. the chair- 
man. says a good deal of work 
comes from western Europe 
and the United States - it has 
a subsidiary company in Lon- 
don as its agent — as well as 
from the Communist world 
and from Arab countries, 
which have been expanding 
their fleets in recent years. 

Situated on the working- 
class side of the Grand Har- 
bour, the drydocks draws its 


■?£ •«§ 

■ - i « 

Repairs in the Grand Harbour of Valletta: Malta Drydocks is the island's 
largest industrial enterprise 

workforce from towns such as 1 0-year-old Malta Shipbuild- Malta Drydocks i 
Cospicua, Senglea and ing Company, with which it aortas' manageraei 
Viiioriosa. . collaborates closely. has not sacked an 

. After passing from naval to Hit by the Europea n rece s- though ii has had t< 
civilian use in 1959. the yard sion. the drydocks suffered a lower prices for its a 
was run successively dining loss last year (the figure is due Mr Meilaq stresses thi 
the 1 960s by two British firms, to be published soon), which n f industrial de 
Bailey and then Swan and followed one of nearly £M4 frf smoothing over 
Hunter, before coming under million in 1984. Mr Meilaq problems that have 
Maltese control With 4,300 expects a smaller loss in 1986 .^ids elsewhere, 
on the payroll, it is Malta's beiause a gradual upturn in 3 
largest industrial enterprise, the market appears to be The workers elect t 
Another 1,300 work at the under way. but break-even is man boani every tw 
adjoining Mania Creek for the not ra sight together with w 

Malta Drydocks is under 
workers’ management, and 
has not sacked any staff, 
though it has had to accept 
lower prices for its contracts. 
Mr Meilaq stresses the advan- 
tage of industrial democracy 
in smoothing over labour 
problems that have affected 
yards elsewhere. 

The workers efect an right- 
man board every two years, 
together with workers’ 

committees for every depart- 
ment A shipwright since 
- 1969. Mr Meilaq has been on 
the board for II years and 
chairman for die past year and 
a halt The drydocks is not 
strictly, a co-operative, as the 
workers do not own the firm, 
whose assets are “social" or 
public property, rented from 
the government 

The Malta Shipbuilding 
Company, on the other hand, 
is a joint Maltese-Arab ven- 
ture. with 61 per cent held by 
the Maltese government 30 
per cent by a Libyan holding 
company, and 9 per cent by an 
Algerian bank. Its workers 
elect one board member. It 
was set up in August 1976 to 
provide the island with facil- 
ities to build ships up to 
120.000 tons deadweight thus 
complementing the repair, 
refitting and specialized en- 
gineering services of the 

Malta Drydocks has seven 
drydocks. one of which can 
take vessels up to 300.000 tons 
deadweight, as well as 2.000 
metres of wet berths, and 
engineering workshops. 

Among recent major jobs, 
the drydock has refitted the 
Cuna rd liners Vistafjord and 
Cunard Countess (after the 
Falklands War) and two 
American ofl rigs. In addition 
to the two multi-role vessels 
for China, the Malta Drydocks 

and Malta Shipbuilding Com- 
pany are jointly building eight 
7.600-ton deadweight timber- 
carrying merchant ships fttt; 
the SOWet Union. This is the- 
biggest industrial contract 
ever awarded in Malta. 

The drydocks also operates, 
a tanker-cleaning station near 
Fort RicasolL and a yacht 
repair yard on Manod Island 
offSIiema on the other side of - 
Valletta. The yacht yard tu&i 
seven slipways able to handle- 
vessels up to 60 metres tonjfc 
displacing up to 500 tons, wr 
well as a dry land boat park far-, 
winter storage. -Z 

With the aim of cutting- 
costs and improving ef£ 
ficiency, the drydocks has- 
been overcoming old ‘ jofr 
demarcations and introducing; 
what Mr Meilaq calls flexible 
work practices. For the future;' 
he is convinced that both 
repair and building yards 
must concentrate on more, 
specialized and sophisticated" 
work if competition is to be* 
met from such countries *£ 
South Korea. 

One such specialized; 
opportunity lies , in the off- 
shore oil industry. The drjfc 
docks has experience ra 
making equipment such as 
single-point mooring buoys, 
serving unmanned weOheadi 
for small offthorc oilfields. 

There is more to Malta than sun and blue sea 

I- if -*,.v .-.«7 -n— 

A-ar- ■ ..... 

fT: :fal 


' 'VAC! ?"» 
a ?- rr’i ?. ” grp % <w> 

and this.... 

Malta is ajso an ideal location for export- 

||%^|| I^Flfl# Malta's labour force is young, well educated, hard working and reliable. The Maltese islands 

I I I llr: I H a fig U II IrJIIjI I are ideally situated between Europe. North Africa and the Middle East Politically Malta can 

■ ■■ W W boast excellent relations with all neighbouring countries and easier access to their markets. 

An Association Agreemen t with the European Community, preferential GSP treatment for 
Malta-made goods in the USA and other countries, trade reciprocity with CMEA and other 
states ensure important actual arid potential market opportunities for those who choose to 
invest in our future. 

/ ' - * \ House of Catalunya, Marsamxetto Road, Valletta. 

\ P.O. Box 571, Valletta, Malta, Tel.; 221431, 225123,223688. 

1 Blalta Dewtepawd Carperatiun Cables: DEVCORMALTA TELEX: 1275 MW'pEVCOR. 

Over a HUNDRED FOREIGN FIRMS are already operating successfully here. They tod, are' 
part of the scenery as are the sun, sea, golden beaches, neolithic temples, art-treasures...!. 

... . 



I FV 51 



k • 



-V.. 'v. . 

V -T ^ „V ■ ■; '<* ««« ..... ■ ■: •■ ■■■■■■ : ■ ■ . w^'* 

^ < ^.v -.xci;:: • *-.#»■ * . ,,:/. .■ 

.... f .-JTrsfiL 4 :.- ■ ■•■? ... 

Business comes first, 
from West or East 

The essence of Malta: A fishing village at Mxlokk 

Where the British feel at home 

The change in Malta from a fortress 
mentality to that of a crossroads open 
to all with an interest in coming to the 
Mediterranean has been felt most in 
the field of tourism. 

There are points at which the two 
' can come together. After the war the 
first tourists were the sailors and the 
airmen who had served on the island 
. and wanted to bring their families 
here to share the experience of 

• knowing Malta. The British authori- 

• tics then still ruling the island, 
favoured tourism because they 
wished to encourage ways of bringing 

- money to Malta so that it would cost 
the colonial budget less. 

At the same time the British aim 
was to show the Maltese how, 

' gradually, they would be in a position 
to stand on their own feet in 
economic terms. 

The British visitor was a natural 
guest for Malta where English was 
_ spoken and English ways accepted 
and. to some extent, absorbed. Joe 
Grima, the Minister for Tourism, 
points out: “Our first tourists were 
members of the British forces who 
loved the island and were encouraged 
to come back." 

Other factors encouraged the Brit- 
ish prominence. The £50 limit on 
foreign expenditure was a great 
incentive to consider Malta, which 
was in the sterling area. 

In 1971 the Maltese government 
began to take steps to encourage other 
nationalities so that tourism would 
not depend so heavily on the British. 
Nevertheless, the British proportion 
remained predominant and. at the 
end of the decade, a boom set in 
which was embarrassing to Malta 
because of its lack of preparation. 

Both Spain and Greece were 
experiencing political problems and 
the British were looking, Mr Grima 
recalls, for a place where they could 
feel at home. In 1978 there was a 30 
per cent increase in visitors and the 
same happened in the two subsequent 
years. In three years the number of 
tourists almost doubled. 

The Maltese were not ready tor 
increases on this scale, “which did us. 
in the final analysis, more harm than 
good. Prices went up and quality went 
down. There was an acute shortage of 
water. Many people were disillu- 
sioned. And the cause of tourism in 
Malta was back to square one." 

One of the difficulties facing the 
Maltese was that the then Prime 
Minister, Dom Minioff. was not 
interested in die fate of tourism. In 
his later years he left the subject to his 
Carmelo Mifsud Bonnici. 

deputy. Dr 1 
Now that : 

, Dr Mifsud Bonnici is Prime 
Minister, the tourist authorities find 
they have a sympathetic head of 

government who recognizes the value 
of tourism as a potential pillar of the 

It has now. in Mr Grima's words, 
“at last found its rightful place among 
national priorities on a level with 
industry". Attempts at convincing 
the British to return and to encourage 
the Germans and French to try Malta 
have had some success. Under the 
current development plan, moreover, 
the Ministry of Tourism is the only 
department supported by an inter- 
ministerial committee which will be 
chaired by the Prime Minister. 

The principal concern in the plan is. 
to provide a qualitative increase in' 
the island's tourist services. Its other 
objectives are the diversification of 
tourist flows both as regards national- 
ity and season. 

The effort to free Malta from a 
rather low level of British tourist 
includes projects' for cultural tourism, 
conference tourism and pro- 
fessionally organized marketing cam- 
paigns among selected target groups. 

Particular attention will be given to 
the smaller islands of Gozo and 
Comino as quality destinations for 
higher income groups. Yacht facilities 
will be extended in Gozo as well as in 
the Marsamxett. Sliema and Manoel 
Island area. 

The Prime Minister is taking a 

personal interest in an ambitious plan 
for the rehabilitation of Valletta itself, 
with its splendid collection of palaces 
dating back to the Knights of St John. 
This work is expected to begin in a 
matter of weeks as part of a wider 
plan for the restoration of Malta's 
historic cities and archaeological 
sites, among them Mdtna, the old 
capital before Valletta was built by 
the knights. 

Statistics underline the basic lop- 
sidedness of traditional Maltese tour- 
ism. Although reliance on Britain has 
fallen relatively by comparison with 
other countries because of efforts to 
attract German. French and 
Scandinavian visitors, the British are 
still disproportionately ahead of any 
other country and nearly five times as 
numerous as Germans. 

In 1984 the total number of British 
visitors was 270.163. while the Ger- 
mans and Italians were each about 
42.000 and the French 20.500. Last 
year the respective figures were 
256.500 for the British. 57.000 for the 
Germans. 44.000 Italians and 24.500 
French. For the first five months of 
this year the British total stands at 
8L000. the German figure at 25.000, 
the French at 1 1 .500 and the Italian at 


The Royal Navy, more than 
anything else, symbolizes 
nearly 200 years of Britain's 
presence in Malta and the 
recent visit of the frigate HMS 
Brazen has provided a re- 
minder of the island's British 

Although Malta has estab- 
lished itself as a rightful 
member of the community of 
nations following indepen- 
dence from Britain in 1964, 
and although the British mili- 
tary presence on the island 
ended in 1979, the Maltese 
spirit and way of life has 
continued to be tempered and 
enriched in many ways by the 

Colonial legacies remain 

legacies bequeathed by their 
former “colonial masters". 

The noblest legacy is the 
parliamentary system of gov- 
ernment firmly rooted in the 
rule of law. 

The civil service is another 
important institution based 
on the British model, and this 
would include the police. Oth- 
ers are the organization of the 
law courts and a free Press. 

From the official, institu- 
tional aspect of the British 
heritage, one can turn to the 

spiritual characteristics of the 
Maltese people. The progress 
of British influenoe in this area 
was slow and laborious but it 
left a lasting mark. Hie Mal- 
tese were jealous of their 
traditionally Latin culture and 
character, but, unavoidably, 
the first was enriched by an 
English literature of the high- 
est level while the second was 
tempered, and perhaps re- 
fined, by the cooler British 

The English language is high 

on the list of legacies from 
Britain. Today the vast major- 
ity of the people can commu- 
nicate in English, at least to 
some extent Its international 
status bias stood the Maltese in 
good stead, especially in the 
fields of education, com- 
merce, and even emigration. 

Italian, which E nglish found 
so bard to replace as the 
official language, still has 
some standing. As a result 
most Maltese are bilingual 
and many are trilioguaL 

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In circa 4,000 B.C.. ihe early seulers of the Maliese archipelago had 
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Three millenia later, the Phoenicians recognised (he benefits arising 
from investing in 3 traditionally industrious people. Today, apart 
from a Telecomm ante* lions system which keeps pace with the resi of 
the world in technological development, the characteristics of a peace- 
loving industrious people remain unchanged. 

With a policy which favours a politically neutral stance and ihe 
prevailing stable industrial climate: with an inexpensive and hard- 
working labour force; with an ideal geographical post (ion and climate 
and with Trlrmnhn to help communicate ideas fast, the potential in- 
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Tdemalia supplies Strowgcr exchanges, telephones and spare parts. 
In particular Telemalta can provide a range of containerised mobile 
exchange units which offer an instant way to expand your telecom- 
munications services efficiently, together with a range of decadic pulse 
telephone instruments based on the proven UK type 746 model. 

TdramUa has nearly trebled its own telephone network since its in- 
corporation and. in addition to local network growth, has seen a 
significant increase m ns international telephone traffic which, in 
December 1975 stood at 750.000 minutes as compared 106 J million «n 
December 1985. It has built up effective planning and training 
organisations to enable this growth to br managed successfully. 
TetemaJta supplies the same products as used in its own network, bas- 
ed on equipment proven in other networks around the world 

Tdemaha is the national releconimunicaiions authority in Malta It 
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When in Malta, whether cm business or leisure. Tetemaha is your 
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Malta's largest bank 
with 41 brandies 
around the Islands, provides the most 
comprehensive banking service. 
Correspondent banks throughout the 


Conference organisers choosing Malta as 
their venue can certainly rely on the Bank 
that understands all their requirements. 

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Head Office: 233. Republic Street. Valletta. Malta. 
Telex: MW1370/MW1436 

Tel.: B25281. Cables: Midhead. 

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Malta's Largest Bank 

English is still an official 
language and the government 
gazette is a bilingual publica- 
tion (Maltese and English), 
while all government official 
correspondence and public 
notices are written in both 

lan guages. 

The present armed forces in 
Malta owe their origin to the 
Royal Malta Artillei 7 (RMA), 
which until 1970 formed an 
integral part of the British 
Army. As is to be expected, the 
organizational basis and tra- 
dition of the military person- 
nel was wholly British. 

Maltese army officers re- 
ceived extensive training and 
instruction at the Royal Mili- 
tary Academy, Sandhurst. 
This is no longer the case and 
there are very few officers still 
serving who have had this 
experience. However, one can 
safely say that the British 
military tradition in the 
armed forces has survived., 
despite drastic changes- 

One should not forget the 
many Maltese who served in 
ihe Navy, both Royal and 
Merchant, and those em- 
ployed with the Royal Air 
Force. Many thousands still 

The ht pub” trade 
is still flourishing 

receive British services’ pen- 
sions. severely watered down 
by the unfavourable exchange 
rate between sterling and the 

On a lighter note, a walk 
around Malta's towns and 
villages will reveal another 
aspen of the British heritage. 
The “pub" trade is flourish- 
ing, as locals such as The 
Greyhound (St Julian's) and 
The Coach and Horses 
(Msidaj replace many coffee 
bars with names dating from 
an earlier period, such as HMS 
Illustrious (Valletta). 

Most band dubs (to be 
found in every town and 
village), such as the King's 
Own (Valletta) and the Duke 
of Connaught (Birfcirkara), 
hang on to their original 
names, and have not decided 
that today's times call for a 
break from so strong a British 

St George’s Football Club, 
in Cospicua, remains the old- 
est association football club, 
another lasting British legacy. 

Cricket and rugby went with 
the services, but polo is still 
played regularly at the Marsa 
(formerly United Services) 
Sports Club. Tea, and plum 
pudding at Christmas, are $u'U 
going strong. “The Gut" 
(Strait Street, the former red 
light district for British 
servicemen in Valletta) has 
faced a serious depression and 
most of its music bars have 
closed down. 


Austin Summit 

So far this 
year the Mal- 
tese authori- 
ties have 
approved 18 

projects that ought to bring 

1.200 new jobs — a significant 
inroad, if they are all im- 
plemented. into the un- 
employment figure of 9.700. 
itself down from 10,500 in 
December 1984. 

Sunny Borg, chairman of 
the Malta Development 
Corporation, says “a couple” 
of these projects are British, 
but more are from West 
Germany and Italy. West 
Germany has become Malta's 
leading export market and 
West German companies 
have outdone British in set- 
ting up plants in the island 
since the departure of the 
British armed forces. 

The Prime Minister, 
Carmelo Mifsud Bonnici, was 
thus not talking in vain when 
he told The Times nearly a 
year ago that he wanted “more 
trade, more joint ventures and 
more investment". His re- 
marks were primarily ad- 
dressed to Britain, but Malta's 
policy is to be friends and do 
business with anyone from 

corporation officials cite 
Thomas Dc La Rue's security 
printing and the Dowry 
Group's manufacture of rub- 
ber seals and mouldings. As an 
example of how the corpora- 
tion can help, they say Dowiy 
obtained a substantial con- 
tract for pans from Ford of 
West Germany, while in re- 
turn Ford was given advanta- 
geous treatment by the 
govermem for car exports to 

Two British companies ap- 
pear to be doing well in joint 
ventures with Libya, both in 
the field of electric switchgear 
and transformer equipment. 
General Electric, according to 
corporation officials, has a 
shareholding in Mcdelec. 
employing about 190, while 
Hawker Siddcley participates 
in Mediterranean Power Elec- 
tric, employing about ISO. 
The Libyan partner in each 

A wage freeze 
and zero inflation 
have created 
a climate of 

attractive to 
foreign investors 

a We ^^fa 0r ™ve^°pme^ economic stability 

Corporation booklet puis iu that is Droving 
“being small, Malta cannot 0 

afford to make enemies”. 

The corporation was set up 
by Act of Parliament in 1967 
to promote industrial 
development. This is a wide 
brief. It acts as holding com- 
pany for the government in 
industry. It helps to find 
foreign partners for joint ven- 
tures and is prepared to take 
equity participation in them. 

It builds industrial estates and 
lets at a low rent the factories, 
either ready-made or tailor- 
built to requirements. It in- 
volves itself in the counter- 
trade operations which are 
increasingly common with oil 
producing countries. 

There are at present six 
industrial estates. This year, 

Mr Borg says, £M2.S million 
(about £4.5 million) are being 
spent on enlarging them, while 
by the end of next year 48 new 
factories should be built, offer- 
ing 54.000 square metres of 
manufacturing space. About 
1 80 manufacturing companies 
have a foreign shareholding 
and 76 are under fiill foreign 
ownership — Malta does not 
insist on a local partner. 

Among British ventures. 

case is the Libyan Arab Mal- 
tese Holding Company 

One of Malta's selling 
points underlined by Mr Borg 
is a “social contract'* with the 
trade unions, resulting in 
virtually no strikes and in 
absenteeism of less than 2 per 
cent. It remains to be seen 
whether this harmony will 
continue if the Nationalist 
opposition wins next year's 

The four-year-old wage 
freeze and zero inflation have 
helped to create a climate of 
stability for business. Foreign 
investors are liable to 32.5 per 
cent income tax on net profits 
from their investments, 
though the corporation says 
this may be reduced to 15 per 
cent through reinvestment 
allowances, while accelerated 
depreciation of 120 per cent 
on plant and machineiy is 
allowed over five years. 

There is no corporation tax 
as such, nor surtax, capital 
gains, payroll, turnover or 
value-added tax. Britain is 
among countries with a dou- 
ble taxation agreement. Prof- 
its and capital may be 

What the foreigner will not 
find — they were abolished 
years ago — are government 
grants or low rate concessional 
Loans. “The Mediterranean 
has a number of sharks," Mr 
Borg observed with a smile, 
“and some of them have two 
legs." They came, gobbled up 
the incentives, and at the first 
convenient moment left. Italy 
has had similar experience 
with its incentives for the 
Mczzogiomo or underdevel- 
oped south. 

Since the beginning of the 
year exporters have benefited 
from a complicated scheme 
that combines a preferential 
export exchange rate with 
subsidies for increases in the 
workforce. This is a pan 
response to complaints from 
industry about the currency 
being overvalued. 

Under the government's 
1 986-88 development plan the 
corporation is to send repre- 
sentatives to a new Council 
for the Promotion of Industry, 
on which the Federation of 
Industry and the trade unions 
will also be represented. The 
plan incorporates several fea- 
tures proposed by the Federa- 
tion of Industry — an 
indication of the' changed 
climate between private enter- 
prise and goverment since Mr 
Mintoff resigned as Prime 

These features include the 
promise of a new package of 
incentives for industrial 
production, the formation of a 
national export promotion 
council or board, and the 
introduction of export credit 

The Federation of Industry 
is also pressing for the 
establishment of a stock ex- 
change, for the privatization 
of state-owned companies, 
and for permission for private, 
and particularly foreign, banks 
to operate. It argues that the 
present banking system, under 
state control, is too much 
orientated towards saving and 
too little towards merchant 
and sophisticated banking ser- 
vices. But so far government 
has not moved. 





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State-owned organisation, situated in the centre of the Mediterranean 


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Farsons also carried high Malta's 
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Ale, Blue Label Ale and Cisk Lager have afi 
been awarded prizes in international 
competition. Its own unique bitter sweet 
soft drink, Kinnie, is now produced under 
franchise overseas. Another own product 
“Farsons Shandy” has been successfully 
launched in the United States. 

Farsons also produces a number of 
international soft drinks under franchise, 
including Pepsi-Cola and Schweppes, fruit 
juices, table water and squashes. 

Determined to face the challenge of 
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upgrading its production facilities. 

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Red tape 
" grows despite 
; white paper 

; , By Teresa Poole 

y Businessmen have not yet seen the 
' benefits of the Government's drive 
• against red tape and nnecessary bnrean- 
cracy, according to a survey by the 
1 1 Institute of Directors. 

I One in five of the 200 businessmen 
1 . questioned earlier this month found that 

- the burden had actually increased. A 
further 72 per cent said that there had 

- been no change, despite two government 
' ’ white papers on the problem. Only 4 per 
1 * cent reported an improvement 

' Mr Graham Mather, the bead of the 
I * IOD’s Policy Unit said: “The fact that 

- one in five company directors say that the 
1 - red tape burden on their companies has 

- actually increased indicates that re- 
' cently-enacted legislation is adding to 

business problems.” 

He welcomed proposals In the last 
■ white paper, Burdens on Business, that 
'• Government departments should es- 
timate the costs and benefits to busi- 
' nesses in order to justify new legislation. 


Members of the Network Nine team, David Brunnen, 
business manager, with Pam Farrow, left, and Briony Brown 

Short cut to the 
high-tech office 

By Amanda Gee Smyth 

Mancunian sweetener 
to tempt new ventures 

■ The Manchester Business Centre, 
which opened this month, is offering low- 
priced offices to new companies moving 
into the area. There are 24 furnished 
offices averaging around 1 00 square foot 
for about £20 a week. As the centre is in 
the Oldham Street Improvement Area, the 
local City Council mil refund the first two 
years’ rent to any new business or existing 
businesses which are creating new jobs; 
There is a service charge to cover 
electricity and other bills and an optional 
telephone message service for £10 a 

(Contact Kevin Brown, Manchester Busi- 
ness Centre, Enterprise House, 25 Spear 
Street Manchester, Ml 1JE. 061-236- 

Office centres, the alternative to having 
an office of your own, are an increasingly 
popular option for the small business 
which does not have accommodation 
and cannot afford a wide range of 
sophisticated technology. Such centres 
are not new, but British Telecom’s 
Network Nine service claims to be the 
most technically advanced m the UK. It 
is to open its second Network Nine office 
centre, in Aberdeen, at the end of this . 
year and a third in Bracknell, Berkshire, 
shortly afterwards. 

Designed to help small to medium- 
sized businesses, the Network offers a 
wide range of office facilities on a short- 
term basis — from a desk and telephone 
to sophisticated computer technology. 
David Brunnen, business manager, says; 
“We have been extremely surprised at 
the range of businesses we have attracted 
and at the imaginative uses our facilities 
have been put to. We expect our 
expansion into the provinces will be 
even more interesting.** 

A business or an individual pays £550 
plus VAT to enrol at a Network Nine 
centre. On top of that he pays for what 
amenities he requires. Sample charges 
are 50p for every message handled, £3 tor 
15 minutes typing/word processing, £5 an 
hour for small office use and £1230 an 
hour for a meeting room. There is 
Telecom Gold at standard usage charges 
with a free mailbox. 

David Tredrea, a doctor who returned 
from working in Africa for the World 
Health Organisation a year ago, has set 
up Action Health, a company which 
oners a mobile medical screening and a 
nutrition advisory service. He pays 
about £1000 on top of membership fees 
for a foil office service. “It is definitely 

worth the money," he says and although 
he already has adequate computer 
facilities be does not rule out using NN’s 
high-tech equipment in the future. 

BT says it is ideal for companies 
looking at a location before deciding on a 
permanent occupation in the area. One 
overseas company bases its UK repre- 
sentative office at Network Nine, using 
telephone, telex and fax, and with 
messages being forwarded to tbe head- 
quarters overseas. Apart from the stan- 
dard charges, it pays an extra £60 
monthly for a 24-hour personal tele- 
phone answering system. Another client 
uses the centre for interviewing. 

BTs first centre, in London, has been 
open for a year and has attracted more 
than 100 members. Sixty percent of them 
are small companies employing around 
six people and 25 per cent are individ- 
uals. Operating on a profitable basis it 
claims to be competitive with other 
office centres like the World Wide 
Business Centre in London, which 
provides a foil facility plan (office, 
receptionist, mail and telex services) 
from £675 to £1,250 a month or an 
identity plan for S00 a quarter with an 
access to office space and other services 
on a pay-by-use basis. 

There are other office centres, includ- 
ing several very up market ones around 
Mayfair. One at Heathrow, one at 
Silbury, Milton Keynes, which achieved 
foil occupancy within a year. It is 
difficult to assess just how competitive 
Network Nine is compared with other 
office centres because it all depends on 
how much of what particular service is 
used. What Mr Brunnen stresses is that it 
offers smaller businesses sophisticated 
computer use besides ordinary facilities. 



Thomas Neteon and Sons - a 
lending educational 
pubUshem, part of Uk 
I nternational Thomson 
Cirap ■ seeks an enthusiastic 

and energetic safes manager 

to increase sales of oar 
educatwnal books to UK 
educational establishments. 
The snccessd applicant will 
report to the UK Marketing 
Director and wffl de m o n strate 

• a proven recant of sales and 
early sales management 
success, probably m 
consumer products, 
pharmaceuticals or 
educatiomil sales. 

• the ability u> lead and 
develop our team of 18 fall 
and pat-time 
representatives to be 
number one in the field 

• a kmwMfse of the UK 
educational system 

• the ability to implement 
creative safes ideas in a 
competitive environment 

Remuneration and benefits 
will reflect the calibre of the 
person sought and tire 
seniority of this key position. 
Pkau write eadaainga 
current cv toe 
Carol BayEs 

Thomas Ndroa and Sosa Ltd 
Nelson Hoaae 

Mayfield Boad 

Somy KT125PL 

UIVEKTOft now In production or 
umauc fiimra for shower /bad* 
room seeks outlets A/or help 
with marketing. Alpine Devel- 
opment TeL 104821 886082. 
MAILING LISTS for best results 
2(x000 small business owners. 

16.000 theatre goers. 

50.000 holiday insurers. 

Tel. Pony OI J79 4059. 




Ex Managing Hractor of 
major retail group pic 
forced Into early ratra- 
ment by takeover wishes 
to become a Chief 
Executive/ Managing Di- 
rector OT fl sma« W 
medun company in reaS 
or importing (ortho pur- 
pose of expanding and 
developing the business. 
Considerable knowledge 
and experience tn store 
operators and buying 
with contacts worldwide. 
Good knowledge of city 
with numerous 

Reply to BOX H7D 



Some ratal stationery - 
Pinnw/Mkkflesex area - 
tong lease @ £3,000 
rent/t/o £70,000 with 
GP. of 50%+ - excellent 
opportunity for 
experienced printer - 
price £55.000 + SA.V. 

Reply to BOX A75. 



I iff! 

This is an established 
business which is pro- 
fessionally managed 
and functions indepen- 
dently. Customers are 
no problem as this busi- 
ness operates in a 
rapidly expanding mar- 
ket Profit £120-140,000 
a year. Genuine reason 
tor sale due to retire- 
ment £400,000 ona 

Reply to BOX A40 


in popular S.E. Coast 
town centre/prime 
position/t/o £52,000 
pa and rising - ample 
scope - leasehold - 
R+R. - £7,700pa. 

- price for quick sale 


Reply to BOX A72. 


lalHH ui'Kl' 


Hotef/Ffeehouse 1 00yds 
on A496 coast road, 
imder Castle wads, 8 
letting rooms, superb 
wet/bar food trade, t/o 
£100.000 average, 
mostly new fittings, 
owners accom, 

F/H £175.000. 

Tel: Harlech 


K i ff n i j 

Central Scotland region. 
Very profitable business 
for sale. For particulars 
please reply to: 

Box Nk G 0407 

234 West Georoe Street 

G2 4QY 


with gardens 
suitable develop- 
ment club hotel 
nursing home. 

01-638 8346 


limited company 
hairing designed and 
developed long range 
radio central monitor- 
ing system, mainly 
for security indusby, 
now wishes to sell 
product and/or busi- 
ness; or seeks long 
term capital input to 
finance production 
and marketing. 

Reply SO BOX A79. 


Dress agency for 
nearly new designer 
clothes based London 
NW1. Turnover 

Enquiries to BOX H91. 



on Industrial Com m erci a l and 
R esidenti a l Development at 
Prime Rates 

NGramum £250,000 
Apply to: 

Europe's loading 
Financial Consultants 
Please address AxjuMw to: 

Mrscb Intern a tio na l 
(Financial Services) Ltd. 
15 Berkeley Street 
London W1 
Tel: 01-629 5051-3 
Telex: 28374 


WAIT1XD wrwaful Inndiiw In 
window Umb or picture Irani- 
in®. Mint bo csuMMhed wire 

9ood track record. Would con- 

MOcr a non-francMse busmns. 
Reply M BOX ASO. 










contact JANE to fend deads 
and our price guide on 



Arses tor a seed ndMd- 

uas imumum d 10 ) to tatt 
preswMu snaia 01 svmscate m 
Bur Scrmsn Sooftnq jataje. 
Ftebna srtwha, sultana 
Write hr tteWs: 

Caper Rfs. 


K you wont to buy a busi- 
ness Venture Capital Report 
provides 500 scecrflc oppor- 
tunoes each year. For free 
sample and hd details: 

20 Baldwin Street, 
Bristol 1 

Tet 0272 272250 


smash, riding, fOotbal 
snooker. FuRy Sconced. 
5 acres F/H. HarefekL 
Mwdx. £275,000. 

Details 01-003 4525. 
Roxtw t oe d due to time 

Una Max 13 van eaabtdxd cv 
tram 6 mttor set mgr SMS 
mi HummuK MeMrsttf- 
2M on a 4 acre so tinmen Sams* 

aMunom s#*igist?mamc*m 

BWB di Mi U stock qt motor 
sums t uuqe mnmm boos, 
ami unite nwmoi ok 


Tel; 01-263 9180/9189. 

Thriving gift, craft and 
toy shop in 16th Century 
premises dose to the 
Minster. £27,500 Tor 
lease, goodwill, f&fphB 


Phone York 
0904 647804 
0904 783505 



SeSng exatag new product. 
Cradrt card faatites etc. Farajpc 
potential. Proto® of £100.000+ 
non now until Xmas. Geriuna 
safe. E25.000 iriutog stock, 
fixtures & hongs. Senous mu- 
res only. 

Reply to BOX 164 


Lirht euineefine burinefia 
Cor sale- Oo» to Stansteed 
airport and Mil motem-ay. 
Fully equipped. FU1 order 
book. Stupe for raepaiurkm. 
Large Storage areas. 

Offers invited. 
Reply to BOX A70 

rjuczonoTX mvestmemt. to 
mniwirn. bar/raiaurani. 
soot & wdan * lend for fur- 
ther 50 aparumms. 
150.000.000 Mat SOX A22 

•nrwT i 

in own wooded grounds 
secluded, only 14 imes from 
MS. Unique situation, 
sheltered with breathtaking 

7 beds. 4-5 b athrooms, 
ideal exclusive .retirement 
home. Propositions invited 
from persons of substance. 

Prin cipa l s only. 

03633 648 


quality books and 
unique marketing 
technique urgently 
needs assistance to 
organising and 

Roy Cook 
01-668 4102 

A f II'U', 


needs financial backing 
for collection. 

Write to BOX A32. 


We seek dGtntxitors throughout 
the UK to marks! our range of 
health and beauty products. 
Successful mutants tot reed 
a vatate EZjBSO for MM stock 
purchase. Expected cansngs in 
the hrst year c£5Q.0Q0. 

Rug during office hows Haan on 
021 6437149 or Mite W 

BtaitogbML K 4BM. 



On South coast with 
ultrasonic cleaning tank. 
At stage to. expand/ 

Teh (0202) 737855 
(factory) ' 

0202 512946 

EstoMsted mautacanr, fts- 
Ptatnes. Bar Aeoasonre. 
PenodEed Items seeks DBtnb- 
Mora moa pare UK.. Host 
swabla (SstnUtaton in wtr mm 
locality. Genune op p onun i w lor 
reqwrrg protfatjie 
rrosawfe »«$. Also mnfind- 

vnyang to Start mm tuaaess. 
Fife support 

AmIv In Rfl¥ A9A. 






The Joint Receivers and Managers offer 
for sale the business and assets of Victor 
Castings Limited. 

★ Grey iron and malleable iron foundry. 

★ Annual turnover &E650.000. 

It Located with factory in 1 JZ acre free- 
hold site in Tipton, West Midlands. 

Enquiries to G D. Cook/R. Weston: 

Arthur Andersen S Cm 
1 Victoria Square, 

Birmingham B1 1BD. 
Tel: 021-233 2101 



Trading as Avis Cash & Carry 

The Joint Receivers, AJ. Katz and I.P. 
Phillips offer for sale as a going concern 
an established profitable wholesale cash 
& carry business based in Blackburn, 
central Lancs. 

★ Excellent long leasehold property, 
30,000 sq.ft 

★ Turnover in excess of £7 million p^u 

For further information contact AJ. Katz, 
D. Webstar or G. Hire at 

Arthur Andersen &Ca, 
Bank House, 

9 Charlotte Street, 
Manchester Ml 4EU. 
Tel: 061-228 2121 




Recruitment consulting 
opportunity in The Netherlands 

We are an organisation operating in the field of recruitment andcontrecttee 
of technical personnel for temporary and permanent placements^ We are 
looking for cooperation with a British organisation, proyidiig the s#rie 
services, to set up a mutual office in foe Netherlands. The jxnpase of the 
combined efforts will be to propose U.K. personnel at afl levels 01 technical 
skin and qualification to the Dutch market 
In case of serious interest please send your particulars to: 

ih.^6 .* k »-n P.0, Box 117 

Jill MULTI 2050 AC OVEfiVEEN - 

VT’ SERVICES B.V. The Netherlands / ' ' 


Are presaitfy seeking area tkstrfljutws ttyaiglHU tlw Country for a 
usque Iwkray pramooon concept. AopoiniM (fstributm will enjoy 
nmedaie prams S awetoy be eanmg ESOO weetoy. Ou product u 
low cost and erases volume sales. A mnmum investment of 
£2flQ0 plus VAT seans your own exclusive area. Write enciostog 

fcteptwne na to: 

Vscetiaos hfe wi fta w l 
34 Victoria Rod 
Fntomd, Preston PR2 4NE 
or tefqAoM 

Offered axdusivfl sales rights of 


(with UK patent) 

soRofinroSnS’tor^T 0 

Price tor Engiaid £22^100, plus royalties. 

tafoanatioln' teL 01031*413062788 or 
write tn P.O. Box 166, 5460 AD Veghel Ne t he rtanda. 


Eyecatching Golf Umbrellas 
printed and personalised with 
your Company name and logo. 

Come ram or shine your . 
Company message will be there 
for aO lo see. 

Further details- 

021 778 3260 

to help build business 
with real prospect 
Partnership or 
Reply to BOX A47 

60.000 Devote win attciKS Ihr 
YorksMrr Modern Homes A 
L«Mire EXMDiMn 3! trie 
Queen* HalL Leeds on 24. ZS A 
26 October Same wands BHI 
aiadabte Phone Alex Murry 
on I06D8J 736607 (day) 
05317/2807 reiemnWL 

HERE? Venture In a "Where 
Do We Co From Here- sttua- 
IK» reoiam venture CapUal 
Irom vnUunxK. (iMbMdns. 
demlw prrwMi JUOXXX) 
ctAXOOa na m not a oei ncti 
qinrk lomure Wnle In confi- 
dence to Box NO A43. 

AVOM/S.WEST SotM Iwslnem- 
man Ex Hooier Marketmb and 
Sale, Director. MtrtMir bi 
Sale, Consul uincy/ Agency at- 
■onaUon with reputable 
rommny w winn g to tmmuwn 
Mi (omtiwnul poMioo in Uns 
area. Reply ID BOX A61. 

ideas seek, company with Ideas 
& no money. 9.000 fl high lech 
bunding. Reading. Senous pro- 
Daub milled ReotV BOX H93. 

NURSMB HOMES. Team wftf, 
prmen record after outstanding 
oMxmumties for nneslmenl in 
new projects, write tn conlt- 
' tuner to BOX MO. 



Available for 
commercial properties, 
hotels, licenced 
premises, businesses 
tic, also building, 
devtiopment ana 
project finance. 

6803 25479/25470 
(24tar answer phene) 

FACTOHIMQ for oMM advice 
on iiii«« bnvm or any re- 
crtroMn proUem gtow 00094 

timdtng avaBable. CCM Ud. 
Tet: iQ?73J 090077 




Eofopa's bpatr & idm ptopte- 
sm tranrtac dntoapnanl 
omaisal Kia BMte ones aae- 
cesstul busnesiu ctMifeupti&no 
a rtnetose fl w imxiWBt tn odaln 
ktowuctoty hoctoe. Randue 
OBVBtopmt Sanca LM. Castle 
House, tollmen NK 1PJ. 
teL (C603J 667034. 

Enounc3 n Soutftam Engtand' 
contact Ftanchw Dewtapment 
Serwxs Southern. 12 West Mb. 
Newtuy. Berkstmc. 
let (D&) 38072. 


Just out - every UK 
f t an c h b e poasHify 5 lots 2^5. 


23 Rosaten Avenue, 
01-833 0111 

FOR SALE due to Hlnew. Estate 
litnrd smur tranrtnw, otra 
dealer London For wf«nu 
bon andv lo BOX H90. 



Are.creddors houndino you? 
Are suppliers insisting on 
proforma or CWO? 

Are befitfs about to levy the 

Are the banks insisting you 
sign more personal 
guarantees? . . 

tt the arsmr is yes to any of 
these questions you w«t our 

help. B we caws help you 
save your onretany we can ad- 
vise you on liquidation. 
Contact us today. 

Ross Water & Associates, 

Warwick. CV35 98ft. 
(0789) 841292 
or (0905) 778817 


Farm Machinery 

The Joint Receivers offer tor safe as a 
going concern the assets and business of A.C. 
Barnett Limited, the Thtrsk-basedmawfetiurar 
of agricultural equipment 
Annual turnover » some £5 rrtfflon. 

The assets available Include: 

★ Excellent, well-equipped manufacturing 
complex of some 131,000 sq.ft on 8.9 acre 

★ Potential planning permi ssi on for food or 
non-food retail use on part of the site. 

+ Extensive range of manufactured and im- 
ported products - in particular the AIRJECT 
pneumatic spreader. 

★ Extensive dealer network. 

it Extensive order book and balanced stock. 

For further details contact 
A.W. Brferiay or 
R.W. Trnynor, 

Arthur Andersen & Co, 

St Paul’s House, 

Parte Square. 

Leeds LSI 2PJ. 

Teh 0532 438222 
Fax: 0532 459240 





Freehold licenced dHcmheque with separate itmuraw A tar. 

AD year trading. Single norey btnMing with iuxwy 
accommoduioa Sre view. Bufe appnti 9 jok aao. ParieuiB 
tor 200 can. TJO £17im Askrag price £2SX000 l 

For details ring (0983) 740844 Isk of Wight 


£899 + VAT 

POflTTX is a portable/desk top telex system com- 
plete with full sized keyboard and printer ready for 
use. Call us for details: 

01-582 6060 


An astabfishod successful carpet FtotaH Company with 
turnover m excess of £2m. 5 rertofl outiats inducing a 
large warehouse facility. Contacts inttiafly to: 

Chip Chase Nelson &.Co 
Chartered Accountants 
89 High Street 
Yam, C levela n d TS15 9BG 

Three new relocatable buddings, 700 sq ft each, built to a high 
standard with gone asprepie finish, and class "O' intenor, 
Wly wired with electric heaing, toilets, three separate rooms, 
available for immediate delivery. Suitable for surgeries, sports 
changing rooms, laboratories, offices, dotmitones, recreation, 
community centres. 

Mr. NichoBa 
0430 40673 



feet, efficient, accurate, 
no subscription. 

01-318 1235 

Ing nvnmgs a wwKara 
orroanlaocy contMny aonana> 
traum jirrvtcn. 01 -7« 6839. 



Pnma Site Man Rood, Grocery. 
General Store; Otf Ucencs. 1500 
sq h with 2 trite above and 2 
tack store btattaQS and yet. 

T/o £260/100 per annum. 
SurtaWe tar maiwnwJcs. Reslau- 
raot etc EtSSjfin F/hoU. 

CtareMom 713394 



freehold, 5,000 
sq ft Sale or 
lease. 2 mins 
M4 exit 37. 
Midway Cardiff 
and Swansea 
0656 771795 

01-500 2 500 

lapfote yttor business 

lacrease yaw cacb 


Hire this water 
Ptaie for delaRa 

B1-5M 2 508 


■ 4' MllkrV' nl 



for details caB 

Brmdsley Davis 
(0901) 30655 

wwi M wem in i via To 

wnd J OH! wrapped tMUIP M 
ppOoe-tS*S3> 0928£ 

US VfctA MATTDtS E S -Gtatean 
.‘'LSUrtoyor 1 7 BnMroo# a Lon- 
don Wl OI *86 0813 









lira Kw. dcnM mugn M 
rtahtaig. ^ hauc North ai M6. Of- 
I era on £29.000. OM13 270. 


ExoOent turnover on 
wet sales arty. Ample 
scope for expansion. 
Lounge/patio, two pubfic 
bars with serving anga. 
Large car park, three 
garages, outbuildings, 
beer • garden, kitchen 
gardens, five bedroom 
owners accom m odation. 
FuB sotid/gas central 
heating. Suit larafly or 
partnership to reach po- 
tential; . . offers , over 


(05512) 3227 



Fopulv freehnsa. wine bar 
& restauant Fuff bonce, 
flecentiy compte w y refor- 
btthattraridng far MO cars. 
flU ,ftw"ynar-fraria fiatgif 
‘ Free- 

■ ' i A t i .*■ 1 1 , LdJ 1 ■ 


Bazzard & CtL, 
High Street, 

VILLAGE. High class, 
24 covers, 7 
increasing turnover 
currentty £50,000. 
Freehold, detached. 
£110,000 stock at 
valuation. - 

Phone: (06467) 291 





per week. 

Tet 0772 634921 


0254 64270. 



ftrnod and repcadBCuan: 
PttkwU desks. Punnm desks. 
WniMg t*ks, Oavcnpom 
and Dnk chain 
Wrta Xm tfctoU* or 
Pin — I CaSm Wdraow 
-Jmi Pent*- Dot 93M 
te O rarefcHrio rt . L a n d — WWt 

TdrehMc 01-7217176 

r m l i jaii^ii n 

i ',F 


■» 1 


a” ■' - *" 

jw"1 «*».**• u 

TEL 02- r 4 

*.! •>»;> 

« '.Ml! 




i \ 

i U( «•«>!€• <tf 


Afl Uvclfiod ad vutbcji tents 
can be accepted by tdcpboBc 
(ettept Anaowncnomi. The 
dcadhac is lOOpra 2 days prior 
** pntwoiion (ie 3JMp«n Mon- 
fcrWedpodayL should 
wh wsend an ad+crUc- 
liodii ifl wriitnf pin** rudode 
phone number. 
S8M» fit 
WW>®IT, If. you have any 

queries or problem rdum* u> 
moe it has 

yoor arfvcrttxmeH once 

appeared. sfeaae comaa our 
Castocwx Services Depanmen, 
by lehsphoae an 01-481 4100. 


gsr* zsssr'Tggg. 


Funrrr »»90*»> OS Pom j!t 
n+ckra Wnnr seeks anyone 

£25 PER OZ 
For S3wr Articles 
£250 PER OZ 
Paid For Cold Articles 1 



Any Diamond 


Td Mr (fait 01-960 0B30 

or wriw 10 

361 Hamw tad, Uwkn W9 1 

We cover aO Fright nrt 

01-®w 7196 

f*a 1920 tjuaSty fumtorfl 
wanted and al antique 

HONEST PR** fa® 

*»UJlMO MM. Ownert beau- . 

Wullsl lk»r flat eiertooking 

/■rreu communal pontons. l 

rwewion. I (lottofe 1 amdeurfl. 

roran, kilmm/canra. luxury , 
aaawom. a* machine* Ocv 
bto/iuge SlQwxx caoaevi 
TMepnone 01 229 8918. 

MOT TURKEY. Spend a wees rr- 
Wound el our tmaie ttoarh ! 
Me4. ihen a week mMng on . 
our yaml for Wo Inc a. 
WB. I'w w /n e em . aiivT rom 
birutHUK pots 01 1005 




BMWMU. Q'dei Com fart ew 
Mudio-nai tux ra iul Bath/ 
***“•• TV tmrn.smicraiM 
mural neauno ifinusne Ci8© 
*" Ter Ql 406 0155 or 01 
756 6«9 <w#Mu*hb/«eH 07. 

COSTCOTTl** ON fWrihiob 

lo EuruDf tSA a. mo*i snars 

■tons Di Menial Travel Ql 730 




Bou vrrrwu - n*u* yoa ntr 
been yelled otrf of a nDl Re* 
wmw mu ease studies. 


FELLOWSHIP a Mnlir gnu. 
t* >o all OnS 
. roUertM tn London the sptemiHi 
tOUl oi £3-707 On Um tcoNi 
of Ufa Bto Flag Ooy on asm 
■WI 1906. Emma amounted 
072 NSF. 78 Victoria Rd. 
Summon. Sumor KT6 a ns. 
nJCAU iiete fh< nmukii Be. 

EJWf *Tt>«- machines Mr 

T 2SL5L ato hv oondttton*- 

. enmejDoMthTOpiSS? M TlS 

tendon EC2M INH. 

' Broad St. 

needed lo eonUnur wm. 
Quest far a Tm for Cmr. 
- Woodbury. Harlow Rood. 

RCDMon. EMMU027979.22533. 
MAT The sacred Heart of Jesus 

Uiroupboul the world lor ntr 
hM «»r Amen. 

ovality wool caroees. Al 

lf*or Prices and under, also 

available ] 00 ’s Airs. Lem 

room «f imnants under half 



oenoale and Shannon style 

dming fumiove made 10 order. 

Over BO dnuot notes always 
■vaiuwir for immediate deliv- 

ery. NrmeoM. near Henley on 
Thames (04911 0*1 flO. 

Bournemouth (09«n 293500. 
Toosham. Devon (03920?) 


TON BALE toman hsadwrarts. 

books. 5UV scarves. vwwcaRhL 

colour slides. Payment after de> 
bveey. Pm Bm 161*5, 

. Bombay 400 006 India. 

1 4MBKAT0M STYLE DUlbfl Ta- 

yq- enure. sweboanti sad 

dMIcs. Catalogue* from WUHara 

TUUam. Crouch Lane. Borough 

Green. Kern. 0732 883278. 

W wri int-iesc. other 

uues avail. Hand bouM ready 

hire mow 


„ u * bsmaomed. 

fully f unrobed aod euuiMfad 

nuue ny Bhortor noway in 

(1/2 mouihu £575 ser month. 

No o uier mara efl rxrew leic- 

Shone TW 01 727 7973 
ummr trance* runs, 
cvntni London from C52& pw 
Brno Town M*e abb 575 3433 

Huge Dsrounli Stmwond 
Trairt . <057271 26097 

/27 109/27556. 


Tram. SO. Reo uoo ST. wci 
01 405 1498. ABTA/IATA. 

w™ VNAAS We *||| twve 
aisilabiliiv 7 SnH tor 2 win. 
Bnauinui 1 Him nr me beam rx 

STn^aSS ^ 


m«*e pnm. ruonts & 
hMSMV* Freedom HoddayS 
01 741 4686 AfOL 432 
MOW. I iccm numh. cheap 
(lionh. villa mutts ric Znn 
HoK OI AM ltvJ7 AML Alla 
"HHOBCS hoc aoan ho» from 
f bp 3 6, jOji Sepi Sfrwna 


IN THL Harm of 

IN THE Ml rrur OI 



Smh Travel. Tel 01 365 6414. 


& houses available. 
£200 - £3,000 pw. 
Personal Service. 

01-458 3680 or 
anytime (T). 

nSCOUNT PANES Worldwide; 
01 434 0734 Judler Travel. 

UC Open Sal. 0783867035. 


Mr TTavel. 01 486 9037 lATJk. 

A VMA. S DOCd and a beautdid 
view Whai more cotud you 
want? Choose fram Turany. 
Safdmia or Ravrtto the lot eh 
« ouru W Italy Where the mass 

marvel operators «on-t 90 Or 
(www a villa hoiKiay wtoi a 
yy w Venice. Horence or 
Home Free bromure (rom 
M*o< of Italy. Oo» r. 47 Shep- 
herds Bum Green. WI2 BPS 
Tel. 01 749 7449 (24 hr* 




reousres own room in house or , 
OaC whiup me racnus m Ham. 
mersnum. Parsons Omen and 
SOt ken. T4J Day and Evas 01 
701 2790. 

_ Manna OI 

PiMratanta. Loi«y vitaalrep- 
I "0 a/ 0/6 ice 1/2 wks Self, 
drive or nt» irom Get or Man 
from C23o h> Resort villas 
Ool 833 9094 AJXTA/ATOL. 

llul uie rieoiron m the above 
arnneo Cnrapanv. ts oeinq 
votununh- wound up. are re 
™rnl. on or on ore me 4 ih day 
ot he pi ember 1 “ 60 . M send in 
thru iuu enmnan and surtiamet. 
Iheir addr-vey and IMVtidush. 
lull MrlKulam ol their oehts or 
flams, and I he names and ad 
orrws 01 tneii Soanioei m apyi. 
to lie unoeragnea IAN PrTCB 
PHILLIPS r ACM Arthur Ander- 
sen 4 CO. P O Buy S 6 . I Surrey 
Street. London WC 2 R 2nt l nr 
LmuwUlAr nl the Mid Comorniy 
aim il so reuured ov nmre n 
v. n|i no iron the said Uamoator. 
are. personalty nr a y th«, Soiki 
tors, lo romr in and oro>e mew 
debts Of dawns at surti tmir and 
Mare as man be sprnfard in sum 
nodre. or m default uwreof mey 
will be extruded from I he benefit 
ot anv (Minauuon maoe OHdre 
turn debts are proved 
Dated int* ihh day of August 

TIB This noty> k purely formal 
All known rreduors nave been, or 
wdl be. said in lull.-. 



LTD and 

The Companies Act 1986 

Wl. 01 734 6307 AST A. 


VlCtonon house. c/H. dose BR. 

L Bndoe 4 mm. N/B prof. 

Cl BO pern 4- bells. Ring 692 

1944 alMr doan. 

i nWU L prof lam ZOf seeks 

ihous. milt level 

tFAM. Portugal Cheapest farm. 
Brngies. 01 736 8191. ATOL. 




SWvraNNL AWP Scheduled nights 

01 724 3388 ABTA ATOL 

-Sundays-. £12. Sa Remember 1 
When. 01 488 6323. 
iram FOR AMTCVSNT, Cats. 

Start**# Exm. Chess. Let Mm. 

AH tbealre and foorty. 


Real 1 pirn* warth £1700 Iron I 
£34 3S per mootk_ 

■Free ennspart! 

MSe i i kf ■ k iy .H H.w.i) 

•I 00* of ronistsmToiKlMloB 

ion 10 txsader puicbuc 
1 lo soother panto 


T«L 821 6610/82&049BL 
1 /Gan era. 

CHAVASSC Martone and May. 

100 fooayf Much love and 

from iaomiy im irtanato. 


TAYLON 1 day wiUtacn Henry 

10 Winifred Mary on 29m Au- 
wM- 1951 at sl Mary's. 
Hawdmeortn. Btmunohani. 


■NBJUtAWA V. London 1 * dub for 
professional unauaienea oeopta 
25-43. Over 200 events m 
tv 24 h r Info too#. 997 7994 
CAM— cvra Ud profaMonai 
osnroitm vitae ooi 
Devour Ol 631 3388. 

IMP you gam »ob interviews. 
Pool Service. 0082-419198. 
CMNPAirr Mir Dm Ortnntseat 
lor sal or customers. Any 
location Te l 0734 872722. 
^■••W^lowiir Mamaoe 
M aom. areas. Davebne. Dent 
■0161 23 Awngdou Road. Lon- 
don y/B. Ten Ol 930 101 L 

A £x / Visa . _ 

■**+“*“ ™U Burroughs « 

WPKa. viaonan. Ook. E»crt- 

lent condition. 0362 3206 

before lOara a, after 8am. 
■OTTMIAY DUC T OK-e someone 

«n I«DM Times Newspaper 

dated Ow very ow (hey wet* 

Po rn. C l 2. BO. 0492-31303. 
•fWBBOBtay -veni we Let 

Mm. Coveni Con. Startipnl Exp. 

LMNigNi m me Prams. 01 828 

1678. Maw credit cards. 

| CATS, CMOS. Les Mb. Alt the. 

•tre and non. Tel 439 l7os. 

All maior credit cos. 

MAMO, Medium stord upnghi. itl 

Class cond. Timed Cefio. Can 

arra nge delive ry Ol -463-0148. 


driveway* Lmukuooji saje- Tel 

061 223 0881 /Ool 231 6786. 



■ECHSYOM DOUaooi Grand Pi- 

ano 189a rosewood case. 

^ Td 0691 

Ptano Model A. Cl 91 4. £I9S0. 

Taauortb 2744. 

Cmuuae rMuruons am ovor 

IOO new & rcstorsd invent. 

menta. GnnvaBed attar sates- 

service. Free catalogue. 30* 

1^6- 01267 
7671 Free catalogue. 




I Wool mix Barters from £335 oer 
5d )Mf + VAT. 80% woi Hctvy 
OomasBc WHon ET3JSS per to yd 
+ VAT. CortDpBfl Ses E8J5oer 
sq yd + VAT & many ottw na 




Mda^CwwiJwUt* 1 . 

Oal by River o/tt + bam. All 

med cons. £500 ncm eocL Tet 

070 5210 eves • Mona 

rooms / own banum lor on* 

p erson In new opL 2 nuns 

Finchley Rd Station. £96 plW. 
Indus. NA Tet-722 1766 

3QL Lux Rat snare, own room. 

all amenmes- video, warning 

machine, etc. £ 2 so pan (nd. 

Avail Burned. Tel : 370 6108 

Bimn ia park Too floor of 

nse. Ipe studio rm. ul«- 

araie brarm. woung oral coamle 

or imgr. 2 mins lube. £80 gw 

Inc. Teh Ol 9062428 
ELAPHAM OOMMOM ftntae room 

ui snored CH nouee for n/6- 

nioopr-m mo Ter.oi 218 3361 

I day 228 2682 even. 

1 PLAYMATES Seaeruvr Snoring 

Weil cstao in trod unary service. 

Pise tel lor opov Ol S89 M91. 

315 Bmnwon Rood. Swj 
IU UDP ITUU) VounoPratM/TlC 

snore n» Rat. Su penny locaucd 

for Oty a west end. £60 p.w. 

nr). 436 tn09 after 7p.m. 
Mahua Vatr W» - am wanted Ita- 
moted flat. r. grad. 26*. n/s 

tnierest m neural mar. o/r. 

on turn CiBOpcm inn 289 1605 

MANSION. 3 acres, cleoner. «y. 

oerwr. take, o/r CJ5 pw 20 

nuns KX. Ol 603 7866 lafler 

_ value 

offer Oemrturts cbD avafUMe 
onTuesBOSew. 7.14* 21 OCL 

(uOy met. Ootwjck day nmhts. 7 

monts H/H m 3/A star hotels. 

awoori tax * entrance fees. 

Also TAORMINA from £171. 

same dotes. tsusND SUN 01 

222 7482 ABTA/ATOL 1907. 

UtfARC fKCUuns Sydney 

o/w £020 rtn £700. Aurktand 

o/w £420 nn £770. jo-hurg 

o/w £306 rm C496 Los Ange- 

leeo/W C2J6rtn £406 London 

Fhgnt Centre 01-370 6532. 

ALDARWB. Lux villas wim pools 
* Mb Avail Sem/Ocl. Cram 
£33Sow 01 409 2830. 


fmesi house* (or rental. 73 SI 
James SL SWi 01 491 0802. 

■umuont lo Seri ion 808 ol inr 
Comoanm An 1 006. dial a Meet 
1119 01 the Crnnon « the aoovr 
named comgony win or held at 
Surrry Siren. Lonoon won 
BNT on Wednesday, me 5*0 StP 
lember 1986 at 2-30 oTlork in 
the alternoon. for the Knaan 
men honed ra secoens 589 and 
590 Of the ad An 
Daud tha ism ooy of August 



The Compoiwes Act 198S 



47 flBB0rt5 SN&yfgndL 

Austro. Franco 3 I 

AUCANTE. Faro. Malaga etc. 

Diinwid Travel ATOL 1783. 

01 B8i 4641. Horsham 60641 

ALL U6 CI11EB. Lowest Ores on 

maior tmeouied earners. Ot- 

604 7371 ABTA 

oran oesbnouons Valexanoer 

01402 4262/0032 ASTA 

61004 ATOL I960 

| Thu Bggost Cmca On 
Ex eamck. Luton Ifand aU D , 
Gosgoni Efkoaurgn 

01 785 2200 
Manch. Dapg. 0*22 78121 
ABTA 15723 ATOL 1232 

pursuant lo Seer ion 588 of I he 
Camoamrs Art 1986. Inal a Meei 
mo M Ihe Creditors of ibe aoov 
named company will be held al . 
Surrry Street. Lcmoon. WC2R 
2NT on Wednesday, the tom 
Septecnoer 1986 al 5 30 OTJoO. 
in ihe afternoon, (or Uie purpose* 
mentioned, m SKiion 589 ana 
590 CM Ihe SOM Art 
Dated (ms I Bin oay of Auoou 


STM. KDL Super lux (mm 0 OCL 

"war pore*. Fligncs * 
. hoboav*. Freedom Hointay* 
Ol 741 4606 A rOL 432 
Worldwide cne a pe s i lam 
Rirnmona Travel. 1 Duke Si 

Rjehmono AB7A Ol 940 4073. 

TUNISIA. Pervert beaches (ot 

your summer nohoay Can (or 

our brornure now Tiatmaa 
Travel Bureau. Ol 373 44 ] |. 

S*U WEST bumoni brochure ow 
now parara win an Uie ipp re- 
sort*. sunoay ntonn meal the 
iranmi. and -amazingly tow 
grimujnimai CS9 Ring iQl> 
786 9090 tor vour copy 
AS1Ao92Sb A rex. 1383. 

The Compamrs Art. 1986 

b* Oruet 01 Uie High Court 01 Jus 
tire dated 12th oay ol May 198 d 

Top Ski 

Lown Pf wey A01 A 

Brornure: Ot 602 4026. 



gwNRy U> (he USA. T« 01 637 


PHOKE 083389382 
AO Bra 50 • Aaratmo - KBIT 


287 Hmntock MB, 
KMpond SW8 
Tel: 01*794 0139 


I fUi:?N0 LTD 

^ '. I'-i i: 0 6 T 

F- V 



ttw team with th» bast 
experience Woru-wide 



TEU 0227 462618 

W gW E London School of 
Bnooe and au>. 38 Kmgi Rd.. 
SW3. Ol 689 7201. 

pans. 2 grad* C22S each px.m, 

m um. or ixS2» oi 689 4730 

Sura . 3rd oral female to share 
immaculate ns*. £220 pan 
rad. Teh Oay 731 4331 ed 
264. ns 361 0976 
VICORxA SWI. Prof gertoa. o/r. 

lux oat. Of. £b6 pw eject. 

TelGl 62941 91 X 72213 or 

Ol 630 -5020 after 6-OOprn. 

91CYDDIA SWI - Praf. person Is. mbit A From £466. at IM 
own room, iuu flat CH. £b6 pw I 7371 a* 7 a W 

•SCI. Tel Ol 629 0191 *72213 

(Ol or Ol 650 3028 Mtfr bora I WORM* NK nttau* toenalMliig 

KLARA via luxury aoartnwni. I ‘- n r ! rv .- a “ fi Ci#» Eranomy w 

Mai a professional femme, n/v! 

£1 10 pw. Tel 01 236 4008 

wnn oam in tamdy nouee. £46 


I Raymond Hoct un q of Mmuv 
Smv Haywaro. 8 Baker Street 
London Win* IDH. have been an 
ponued UOLIDATOR M Ihe 
aaevN named company AUdent* 
and nouns snotuo oe sent to me 
Oaird this 18th Oay of August 
1 t05- 


£5W Sing £467 Other FE cU- 
>ev 01084 6614 


FbolMS Fardor Ol 471 0OJ7 

ArtX. 1640. Acms/vtsa. 
(VD/MEL Cbie Perth C646. All 

maun earner* ro A us 6 NZ.Ol 

684 737] ABTA. 

Si no* on 6 AC cm UI 570 6739 

'O' and ‘A- Irvets. Too rouJB. 



levets/agev O/a <e>«ts CSC re- 
vision Ol A35 29 ID. 







(MdSdUomr* £] 

by fuUy Qua IF 

60 + V 

02*4 3143001 




“ w* tor Chma Duplay 

C ab m riv, Also purchase cruno. 

ftata. (Moancw. ctocKe. etc. W* 

■ U Stab offer the service of total 


D*gt»F 01 -9600006 or turtle 

561. Harrow Road. London 



* I: •• > :• R 

? i i 

- \ 

to 3b 

W9 Ail England covered 


x 4-B-. cues. Pool/BAMs/ 

Snort* Bate, fron aio Cower. 

SiRuihf commnoma vbss 

(Eptca Vbivwi central lanpng 

«7Sa. jmSSASSm nm 

Rtofl Mbs SfMswod 

81487 1118 

tBTH CCMfURT Umbered grana- 
TV Relocate you sue as home, 
restaurant- Mr. D(SS 2616 



1 3»‘ NtounK HxpTs^La 

Ihe fins SK rt me Corscro o( 

The m Rone, Mcitoa, 


Two by OUfawi m Cuban 

mafiogany. All ongutal accratP- 

nes-wnnoul doubt one ol me 

linesl t ables in Ihe country, 

£1^00 quo. AnOauroak refec- 

tory UHe V £600. 977 1244. 

Flgurbw*. antmau. etc., want- 

ed. D1 BBS 0024. 

Al di 8 Safwwvn, Thsaoe Street 



CpmjRV BOOKS iraf t mtai uriR 

of ifla CenwYiartBer EngWm 


28 CMKh SMI 

pw mrt: Ring 01 228 7688 
FULNASR N/S. 27+ to Share 

novae wun gen. o/r. £60 gw 

exeL TW: recti) 301 5781. 
SMEP BUSH, prof n/e to mr hse 

O/R. adn. 2 nuns lube. £200 

ora e*rt Day 831 9222 VLM 

STAMFORD noon Wa Prof M/f 

*nre nse own ige rm n/* Nr 
tune. £I60pcm csci. 602 1677 

SWIG. M/F to *hr toe fist, own 

awerm. AU tacfh/qdn. lOimiw 

BR. £47 Dw incj. 01 769 5074. 

SWIS.PTM nercon to fhr dal All 

moo cons. O/R. N/s. Nr BR 6 

buses. £A8 gw ana. 622 2*92 

W2= N/«. chore charming RaL 

own room. C36 gw. t«i oi 936 

4422 *7474 or Ol 262 8803 

Wit 2S+ Mime non (IM. own 

o**drm. Hiring rm 6 pnone. 2 

mine luge C36 ot* uie 727 2712 

WAMDSWORni 2 orof F mm rm. 

Lux rwe. Ail moo cons. £36 1 

P w. each. 870 7016 ioJOpjbj , 


Audrata. Far Ead. S Airico. 

L&A. Letov Faro 6 Geneva. 

Pnone Travel Centre Ol 66b 

7028 Art A 73196 
rngnu eg. Rio caBS. Luna 

£495 rm. Also Small Group 

Monday Journey* .i eg Peru 
fram C360i JLA 01 747 3100 


USA. s. America. Mid and Far 

Eau. S Alnca. Trayvoie. 40 

MargarK SlreH. Wl Ol 6u0 

2928 iVim ArreMeui 
LOW FANES TO America. Aus- 
tralia A New ZraaM. Tet: ot- 
930 2366. Hernus Travel 35 

Wlutedall. Lonoon. SWI. 
A07A 3483X. 

DM CO U NYB I U/ Economy Hrh- 
et* Try ia IM. FLIGHT. 
BOOL-ERS Ol 307 9100. 

ArreWVtsa accepted. 

ONE CALL far some of the best 

deal* m nrants. angrunenis. ho- 

tel* ana cai rare Tn Lonoon Ol 
036 5000. Mann vestal Obi 832 

2000 Air TYavef Aovoory 


tare* on Charter /Uhedulea fits 

Puo« flight Ol 631 0167 Agl 


Aral >893. 

. BMmr . Tuntpr. eimin 

avartataioy 109231 


Scrum M Frapre 

Cannev/Mouou* expenen CM 
prr le rab ty suanoeg nanny for 
Bciam. hi ety. Engwm vweamng 
3 vror old hoy Musi tie ol a 
kwvd ana alMrimnoie nature in 
. het 20'*. ra> onver Jion untt 
Of own l prdmomed ooartroenl 
and rar csreuem wav of 
fared must have reie r enre s tor 
furtnei miormalion TerOiOiS 
43 752330 I reverse Choroesi. 
haudyman/faretalier reouired 
tor Urge, mooern wha.Miol 
have commeniai amilKiexpn- 
enre. arro r nodalion nrovraed. 
exredenl lerms oflrt+d. mutt 
hav e reference* Foi lunnei in 
(ormanon Tel OiO 33 93 

752336 'reverse cnargtal 
CHEF ‘COOK. Eneroelir. Creanvr 
person io manage new menng 
rwimany at rowet Bndgr toca- 
lion C n*4 wun luiure 
d i rector se n p. Interviews pm to- 
day TN. 68S 1653. 

EDOEWARC 3 bed. C/h house 
K «b/ nets wettome. £140 pw 
Line* Renuas Ol 883 5467 
MAMFSTEAO C/H flat. Suit cou 
Pie. nandy Tube. £90 pw 
Cxoren Rents* 01 883 5457 
MOUSES, FLATS Presto ana 
share* m North Ldhohi Ex 
press Rental* 01 005 5407 
NR MOMDATC TUNC. Attractive 
sunny dine rm ui spacious Cow 
hse. £45 pw tut 348-1908. 
lully eawDpea 3 ore rial in weu 
maintained niocx 709 8217. 
Soar I beatlal. £76 mcL +£90 
rtn pw Tel: 25* 7772. 

OVER 208 Flan 6 Mouses avtal 
m Central 6 5 w London Cod 
HM lets only 935 7508 <T| 
nouse*. Wares ggi LOodoti or 
(tat OI 68b 7576 
SWfLD. attractive sunny nai. able 
u edri u . minq rm. duung rm. 
kAb. Cl 30 gw. Ol 581 mi 
Con ion mcnara ot Mkv. Devi* 
Woo we « Co 402 7381. 

WEST KOI A seleciion of charm- 
ing F/F 1*2 Bed ath/MM. 
£I38-17 Sow me Ot 675 1896. 

I n otp-I roofcer. parking. £37 
pw. Rental Guide Ol 086 7576 





S Bedrooma, 3 Bathrooms, Shower room, 2 La— 

vly fittsd 


c«>tioD room* wnh balamies. Large newly 
kncben/B—k&at room. New eupeiL Curtain*, fiasi- 
oest porter. Lift. Independent Centra] h— ting 

Rent £250 - £1,000 per week 

28 CADOGAN PLACE. LONDON S.W 1 Ol 235 2832 



/short Co 

01-458 3680 or 
0838 592824 
anytime (T). 


Superior properties 
tor lonjj/short Co 

01-458 3680 or 
0836 592824 
anytime (T). 

Seraraiia Hat* & noioes re- 

quired tor 4mencan Compaiue* 
from C200-C2.C00PW Highest 

wrr p/ooerue* also avMlabte 

BurgrM Estate Agents 

581 5136 

CL4 PWAM S/e lurn b as e m ent fit 
b/vitbng rm . Ml. dtmng nn. 
Shower, s hr mm gdn. r/n. 
b/mortMne. rol TV, suit course 
£120 pw i nr Tet- Ol 622 3396 
Of 0980 630247 iMon 6 TueSI 

RALDfB WL Luxury 3 be tliuon i 
grad nr not wun pano Dining 
im. lor fuu> equippe d kitchen, 
tried bstnrm 6 shwr CH * 
Mmsiuoe C2POPW coietpref 
Tel Ol 840 2437 or 840 4481 

I IA MP IT S AO . O me lo shops A 
transport Newly decorated 6 
turn (Ui ) pad, living rm. Iul 6 
bath On. Co. net colour n 
oummidea at £125 pw Sun 
Drptomet or esec 431 3131 


peep Thame* view* from 1/2 

ben no!* in luxury development 

wim porteroqe an o ine ot rom 
rounal garoen* CldO-£235pw 
Coote* 828 8251. 

of*, tortiaveataroavetecuonof 
luxury 1 2.3 4 beoroom flats 
wmi mam wrvtro interior Or 
waned and rmtraUy torated 
Angela Wnuaraa 01 36* 3669 

. luratshed hse 3/ 
4 orerm*. 3 rerept. mod Iul t 
bam Gge ison non. Co let 
only CTOCtow Tet- Ol 946 
7396 O' 079 1729 iOayi. 879 
1 SS 6 ievc*l 

■W. CAFF (Manaqemenl Ser 
vine*! LW require oroowties in 
CentraL Soiun and West Lon- 
don areas far waning 
spot leant* 01 221 8838- 


avail 4 r«isi tor diptomota. 
exeeume* Lm « short let* in 
ail areas Untrvena 4 Co 48. 
Aloetnarie St w l . Ol 499 5334. 



. from 

£100 -£3.000 pw. 
Personal Service. 

01-458 3680 or 
anytimo (T). 

MUM CMDM «7 Sdcomit 

rop a o tBw iwa mmop nx aw) 

Mr it asmvc wm tat ram 

iJWFOOto tmaotk ■ n asdwtty to 

^^■NHUE. SWi SttaWWor 

<u> aNhaobaaggRF won *w Ira st 

iTms cawb ' no. wi 

C?3Sg» bages W 



(hm tlrten t* «CT t« su *’3 bed* 

■et sHtni gsu-MMtMtod) w 
xAr ignsaaPtoig ep bi tXbh 

Foi tfietasi 

rtHIthl sulbction of 


in prims London araas 
_ 2ne*hamtAmsm. _ 

LEKCSTER SQ Superb newly 
dm and turn Slh Ot I bed flat m 
modern Mark with Ufl/porler in 
Ute twari M Ihe west eM Large 
rerept. died bautrm. fitted kMrn 
with w/maenme. CM. CHW. 
rremoitdotB value a» only £160 
pw 936 9612 ill 

riNrtSE A MAISONETTE ideally 
loraiea for hmpnivbnage a 
S outh Ken 2 dole bedroom*. 
Sitting room. N A B Colour rv 
tub c/h. thw * elect mr Hob 
oev or Co w. a months max 
£560 sw Tef OI 561 4813 

furnanea nai in Norland 
Sauare Wl l swung 1 perron or 
rouSfe £150 p.w. Trl.OI 997 
1765 eve* 

BARNES SW1X 1*1 fir Reeeg 
ovrrtootung Thame* kilriwn 
bathrm. 1 a Me. I *gir bearm 
Co lei £120 pw 01 878 77bo 

CODNAM . Superb hpuve in pre 
imer run. cto*e lo station 
£1.500 pern Tel . Ol 947 1666 


lux rut/hotwe. up io CAOOpw 

Croat lee* req pthIKp* hoy A 

Lewi*. South oi me Park cnei 

lea otfirr. 01 55? Sill Ol 

North ot ihe Perk Reqml * 
Pork office. 01 58b 9882 
HACKNEY Cray reach of ttty 2 

s/c lurniNVd flat* newly tiec. 

CCH. 1/2 beo*. racn wilh 

tounoe. imed kii/dine> batti/>*i 

£36 a no £50 pw £scl Ol 904 

mooernned ? pedroo n * fiai Re 

ceauon. vumen. 2 gaiiuonm 

From Oriooer tu £200 pw 

Tel 01 834 (M31 os Noclhwood 



1*1 twe nai e a large vrterlign Of 

luxury I /2/3/a negroomrd 
flat* wMh mow see* ice. uilenOf 

oeuqned and reMrouy loraied 

Palace Properties Ot 48b 0926 


Che*er Suture luxe ol aan*l 

Luxury modern furnished flat. 

Lounge. 2 double o eoro u m* 

Kitchen with all machine* 

£360 oer week Ol 209 01 73 


WO ? beo*. 7 rerep*. 2 balM 

(IM ruav furmsiwq Co Le* 

C77OO0 pw Coward a CD Ol 

834 1957 

CNN! WELL urge Oetomro a bed 

no use. lurnecheq. tmmaCutaie 

rondrtion. nose io central Hne. 

vchooK ameiHUev gnff £30 0 

oer week Tel Ol 340 1288 

FULHAM. Proper ty iurm*ned 1st 

door nai. Aioil now. 2 0-d* ■ 

vfeeov 5 l idling rm. filled kit 

bom room cuo pw CD Let. 

Mara Ol 736 7133 ext 33. <T) 

HAMPSTEAD rsmiv h*» Bned*. 

2 nam 2 receo fame kii/funer. 

garoen car Heath 50 WJs One 

year £300 p w tm 267 4881 


Soapflo* wrtl hrrasnpd BM P" j 
due" ipoa (me io Honse^ton j 
Ckerans 3 dckoe beo* urge ta- 
racran Uy Nwa ubn Lana 
■el M.-S pw 1 

Ksnsington Offlco: 

01-W7 r 


FMOtAM SW6. ernuna neor flat 
diailawe Mnmeduiefy Open 
plan hvina. kdctien Double 
neqroom. nd t* Pwa £108 
pw Tel 01 878 7766 

HAM PDT RAD wW contained ruby 
lurmuiea iiai i dnuqip. I unaie 
beqrm. Itimq rm kilrhen. 
baifum. renrral neannq. t mr 
£135 pw TM 01 4335069 

NCMiv DIAMES Contort im now 
on Ol 235 dHbl rot Ow tm) «e 
far i ion M lurnM/fad flat* and 
homes lo rent m Mmqnirortdge. 
Ciwhe) and krnupgwn iTi 

SWlS/PMifaV Bdr* DhIWiIxr 
sunn i Ed** nse 3 hed* ugHfan 
6/12 Rmpitn C225 g w Cm ML 
0243 572 302 

WIMBLEDON. Cxounuetv (ur 
nrwieq 3 neor w om Itof in 
prmiige work CKne to all aihefM- 
liev Lt» PW 906 7333 

VI S ITORS. South 
henvngion Full* fauna flat 
far 2 Li 1 1 Pnone Chi rv CM 
W Ol SM4 ?d 14/780 4251 
KNIQim BRIDGE ebon quality 

5/C rial Dloe bed. rer. Min 
ki 1 /rimer. CH Long let 

LI45ow Tel Ol A5b 2382. 
mo*t iuxu'hmi* kxW snort >«+• 
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pw- earn Tet 01 33? 0006 
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properties m central and grime 
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Wl nai 2 ned*. 1 rerg k 6 b 
Secluded OienooiulwRwk Co 
turn tel LI 90 P.w TM 01 724 

studio luu. l iar A l pretty 
with aw m* maid service £v«S 

dm ni »?4 4i »2 

ACADEMICS vnirmo. Flat* nr 

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Hewn Watson A Co 580 6275. 
84 ROAM, hitburn bedni far sin 
Pfa. Only £30 gw Cxpica 
Ren tats Ol 083 5407 
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handy Tube CTO pw. Rental 
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BCLSRAVM large newty dec lux 
MUdto 101 MV vsew*£120 pw 
nr*m T30 4264 
CROYDON 3 neo house, kids/oet* 
weu ome £1 in pw met. Rental 
Guide Ol 686 7576 

Sew /Oct. 

^atSPT^. Hob “~ 




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UR 6 Stood Budnik Won 


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Exjwbwb choce of and. farms - 

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ves&nenfs reef nrmce. Oar ftity 
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IUMII4KS for Amutran A 
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Rra Con* 01 7Sa 063? 



f of ns 50 made. Biac* awn tan J 
fade. (Jnoer 20000 mo. W/w. fig- 1 
<80. Worth £25.000 anil ttu! 
E21JD00 lor ci»ck sale. 

Tet nzpBMek, 

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tvoryfbtatfi trim. T owner. * 
6.700 raes. Fat 2 fin * i 

raw. web RrYMs. A 

ci «W00 

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*71 T 51? n Red w(fi mnA 
Nde. 40JJ00 nwes U3JS 

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m. bo new .5J00 mare. 


15 1 388 GTS OV Rad MmoBft 
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- C3649S 

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nawia hoe. IOlOOO mere 

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"O ogBd wn«. personal 
mfcs__ OBA« 
heW. 37.000 Obleti. 1 Own*, hurt 


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pnnied via. oa . 000 
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very near rarer* around I 
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AOUAR US. 1966. 
wan overanve wire 
Taped one faded, in very good 
co ndjUQP C 1.760 ooo. Tei 
10427721 521. 

moe. 1X0 Manual. wn«e.| 
bfue kroner lr*t. 1 careful own 
er bnmarulafa. Coliine _ 
Km Otter*. TcKtOOTS) 680578 1 

mk m 

eoodrtion. M.O T CS.OOOOmo 
T et 0491 680600 


Ex CWmts car 

1981 undated to 1983 
SO0OfKaBOn By Aaron 
Martin. Pale Ditto met. 
MagnoMi teemer. Body wort 
and an mechanics m top 

conoraon. Lovingly 

mRfWtod oy soertrasL 

Any aupecDon wecoroe. 
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0273 722131 (O) 
0323 883 691 (H) 


1979. metalfic gold, 
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Over £10400 has been 
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cond. Supero condition 

El 4,500 

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MEHORCA kicas. some wilh 
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«622 577071 or 0622 677076 
■24 nru Alai 1773 






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LOTUS Cars. For iiw ora n* 
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PORTSMOUTH (0705) 030412 

WH Kara Moved! M The Arobse, a ortam o u Hi 




I = 

Lady Sophie fancied to 
recapture peak form 
over optimum distance 

tr - 

Lady Sophie, who finished 
strongly to lake second behind 
the brilliant Sonic Lady in the 
Nell Gwyn Stakes at New- 
market way back in April, is 
napped to win the BBA At~ 
alanta Stakes at San down Park 
this afternoon. 

After that immensely 
promising effort from one so 
lightly-raced, it was a logical 
step to aim at the 1,000 
Guineas, for which Lady 
Sophie eventually started 
fourth favourite. 

Unfortunately events then 
conspired against her because 
she was heavily in season on 
the big day. So instead of 
finishing somewhere near 
Sonic Lady as she should have 
done bad she run to her Nell 
Gwyn form, she finished m 
the ruck in ninth place. While 
admitting that making excuses 
for bad performances can be 
costly, I still feel that an 
exception should be made in 
this case. 

Her only subsequent race 
was a humdrum affair over 10 
furlongs at Leicester in June 
which she duly won without 
being wildly impressive. Now 
my reeling is that we will see 
Lady Sophie at her best again 
for two reasons. 

Firstly she will be racing 
over a mile which should 
prove her best distance; for 
hers is a miter's pedigree if 
ever I saw one. She is by 
Brigadier Gerard out of Daz- 
zling Light, who is a half-sister 
to Welsh Pageant, by Silly 
Season. Dazzling Light was 
also good over tins distance. 

Also I have the best possible 
reports from Newmarket 
concerning Lady Sophie her- 
self “Working exceptionally 
well again now,** is the latest 
bulletin from George Robin- 
son, our gallop-watcher. 

Against that encouraging 
backdrop, I think that Lady 
Sophie shook! be up to beating 
the likes of Land Of Ivory, 
Dolka and Vlanora. Henry 
Cecil, her trainer, has an ideal 
line on Land Of Ivory throng 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

l Native Oak, whom Land Of 
1 Ivory just managed to beat at 
: Salisbury earlier this month. 
After winning at Kempton 

> first time out, Dolka was 

• obviously below par at Royal < 
: Ascot when she started fa- : 

voured for the Jersey Slakes 
r and finished nearer last than 

> first. She has not been seen 

1 since and I doubt whether she 1 
1 will be capable of conceding as i 
' much as 61b to Lady Sophie. 

I Terry Rarasden, the ebuL i 
Iient chairman of Glen Inter- i 
i national, will be hoping to i 
recoup some of his company's 1 
i own rash by winning the Glen i 
r International Solano Slakes 1 
- with Lack A Style, the colt that 1 

Today’s course 


TRAINERS: H Cecfl. 18 wfcmars from 63 
rumens, 28.0%; W Hem, 19 from 76. 
25-0%: M StouM. 37 from 152. 24.3%. 
JOCKEYS: T Outnn, 16 winners from 68 
rides, 23£%: A Macfcay, 8 from 37, 21 .8%: 
W Carson. 52 from 247. 21.1%. 


TRAINERS: W Ham, 15 wimere from 41 
runners. 36.6%; G Prtetard-Gordon. 7 
from 31. 22-6%; M Saute. 5 from 33, 

JOCKEYS: M Birch, 7 winners from 47 
rides. 14-9%. (of *rone quaiffer) 

TRAMERSt G Retards, 29 winners from 
121 runners. 24.0%. (only one qualifier) 
JOCKEYS: B Storey. 12 winners from 55 
rides. 21 J8%: C Grant 17 from 92. 185%: 
S Chariton, 10 from 60. 16.7%. 

he has in training at New- 
market with Alan Bailey. 

Certainly, if last Saturday's 
result at Newmarket is to be 
believed, he has a good chance 
of doing so because Lade A 
Style left his previous form 
behind when bearing Lauries 
Warrior and Brave Dancer in 
the Danepak Bacon Stakes. 

In this instance, though, I 
wonder whether Lack A Style 
can master New Attitude, who 
impressed me so much at 
Newbury earlier this month 
when be beat the highly- 
regarded Zaizoom. On that 
occasion the pair of them drew 
dear of the remainder like 
good horses. 

Following the torrential 
rain that fell in the area earlier 
this week, the ground will be 
on the soft side of good. And 
that will certainly suit Pre- 
cious Metal, Respect and Re- 
store as they endeavour to win 
the Terry Ramsden Bliss 

Respect has the beating of 
Restore judged on how they 
ran against one another at 
York recently. Great is my 
respect for the horse of that 
name but I doubt him being 
able to give 181b to Silent 
Majority, who has also won 
over today’s course and dis- 
tance this season. Now Silent 
Majority enters the fray 
un penalized for winning a 
race confined to apprentices at 
Goodwood a week ago. 

While admitting that 
Yldizlar, Counter Attack and 
Paleface all have a lot going 
for them in the Me And My 
Girl Stakes, I still prefer 
Plague O'Rais who justified 
the long trip from Lam bo urn 
to Ayr in July. 

It was Mark Smyly’s inten- 
tion to then run Plague O'Rais 
at York on the first day of the 
Ebor meeting. However, he 
withdrew the colt because he 
thought the ground would be 
too firm only to see the rain 
cascade down within hours of 
malting his decision. He has 
no worries about the ground 
this time. 

By the time that Plague 
O'Rats goes to post, a pointer 
to his chance should have 
been provided by Stylish En- 
try in the EBF Combermere 
Maiden Fillies’ Stakes at 
Chester. She started favourite 
for that race at Ayr but in the 
end could finish only fourth, a 
couple of lengths behind 
Plague O'Rats. 

George Duffidd can take 
two more strides towards his 
long-cherished goal of riding 
100 winners in a season by 
winning the Blackfriars 
Handicap and the Mostyn 
Handicap on Mgjestidan and 
All Agreed respectively. 

Ascot mile I Hulmer’s 

' '*-* f S / ' 

" * ■ s. ■ 

Bonhomie, whose participation in the St Leger is now in grave donbt becanse of a knee injury 

Bonhomie in St Leger doubt 

. Bonhomie, Henry Cedi's 
principal hope Cor the St Leger 
on September 13, is most an- 
lilcely to ran. The colt jarred 
hhnwff during a gallop on 
Wednesday morning, and in the 
evening it was (bond that he was 
Isme due to a swollen knee. 

Cecil said yesterday: 
“Bonhomie’s knee is very sore, 
bat we wil] know more when it is 
X-rayed again on Saturday. 
Nonetheless, he is most unlikely 
to ran-" 

Another probable absentee 
from the final classic is 
BakharofL Guy Harwood, Us 
trainer, said at Brighton yes- 
terday that BakharofT was most 
imlikely to ran hot the colt is 
still quoted at 4-1 “with a ran" 
by Mecca, die bookmakers. The 
Palborongh trainer added that a 

By Christopher Colliding 

more likely objective for 
BakharofT is the September 
Stakes at Kempton. Harwood's 
other St Leger acceptors are 
AHez Milord, Sadeem and 

With Bonhomie taken oat of 
the bookmakers' ante-post lists, 
Nisnas, the recent winner of the 
Great Voltjeeur Stakes at York, 
is the new favourite to give Paul 
Ode his first classic winner. 

A spokesman for Cole's 
Whatcomhe stable confirmed 
that all was well with Nisnas 
wid a dean bill of health was 
also given to Pat Eddery's 
mount. Moon Madness, who 
finished third in the Volfigenr 
after making up a lot of late 

The participation of Untold, 
one of two filli es left in the 

contest depends on the grand, 
according to her trainer. Mi- 
chad Stoott Untold recently 
fond her form in the Yorkshire 
Oaks, where the going was good. 

The other filly among the 22 
St Leger acceptors ts Park 
Express and her trainer, Jim 
Bolger, reported yesterday: 
“Park Express wiB ran in the 
Phoenix Champion Stakes on 
Sunday week and a decision 
■boat the St Leger will be made 
after that race.” 

7-2 Nisnas, 4-1 BakharofT (with 
a run), 9-2 AUez Milord, 5-1 
Moon Madness, 8-1 Celestial 
Storm, 10-1 and upwards others. 
Ladbrokes: 9-2 Nisnas, 5-1 
Adez MOord, 6-1 Moon Mad- 
ness, Untold, 10-1 and npwards 

is likely 
target for 

D'Azy increased her pad- 
docks value and earned a prob- 
able till ai Ascot’s Hoover 
Fillies* Mile when getting off the 
mark in the Saddlescombe 
Fillies’ Stakes at Brighton 
yesterday. - j 

Having twice tun well behind 
one of the season's leading 
juvenile fillies. Forest Flower, 
D'Azy started a worthy 6-4 
favourite: Brent Thomson, rid- 
ing the daughter of Persian Bold 
for the first time, brought her 
with a smooth run inside the 
final forking to win by two 
lengths from Ach n a h ua i g h . 

Ray Laing, the winning 
trainer, said: “She is a little bit 
delicate and a shy feeder. I’ve 
been trying to build her up. as 
she's quite smart, and I plan to 
run her in one of the good races 
like the Hoover Mile. She got 
me off the 13 mark, which I've 
been stuck on for weeks. 

There was a sigh of relief from 
the connections of Cleofe when 
she finally lost her maiden 
certificate in the opening 
Seagulls Maiden Stakes. 

Brought with a beautifolly- 
iimed run by Grevflle Starkey, 
Cleofe got up fo the final strides 
to overhaul the long-time lead- 
er, Enigma, and win by half a 

Ian Willows, travelling head 
lad to the winning trainer. Luca 
Cumani. said: **1 think this is 
probably her right trip She's as 
tough as old boots — that's why 
she's run so much.” 

At Beverley, Catherines Well 
completed a four-timer in 17 
days when comfortably landing 
the Max Jaffa Spruit Handicap 
and prompting her trainer, Mick 
Easterby, to predict: “She'll win 
the Ayr Gold Cup and won't run 
until then.” 

Provided the weights do not 
go up, Catherines Wdl will carry 
8st 81b. including a 71b penally 
for today's win, in the big 
Scottish handicap, where she 
should appreciate the extra 

Gary Carter, who hopes to 
ride her in the big race, said: 
“The five furlongs here was a bit 
too sharp for her so I had to do a 
bit of work. But I knew she 
would finish well.” . 

• Ladbrokes reduced their Ayr 
Gold Cup offer on Catherines 
Wdl from 14-1. to 10-1 following 
yesterday's Beverley win. Joltist, 
who completed a treble at 
Yarmouth on Wednesday, is the 
firm's 8-1 favourite from 10-i 
following strong support 

record sets 
the tone 

From John WHcocksoo, 
Colorado Springs 

Michael Hubner, of Era G«. 
manv. and Connie Paraskevin, 
of the United Stales, broke the 
men's and women’s work! 
records for the flying start 200 
metres in the sprint qualifying 
rounds of the world champion, 
ships in this mite-high city. 

Hubner, who is known as the 
“Incredible Hulk” because of 
the exceptional size . of his 
shoulder and arm' muscles, re- 
corded ItLIlSsec to overtake 

Lutz Hcsstich, the defending 
champion, also from East Ger- 
many. who began on Wednes- 
day try equalling the mark of 
10.191 see he set a year ago at 

this same velodrome. 

Hubner. who has progres sed 
from third place in 1983 nj 
second last year, estimated tbu 
he could have gone even faster, 
perhaps even broken the . 10 
second barrier”! lost time when 
I veered outside the- red 
sprinters' line coming into the 
straight.” he said. Other factor* 
against a fast time were an 
unseasonable 60°F, overcast 
skies and a strong breeaeegains 
the riders in the Tina! straight 

Phraskevin's 1 1.245sec was 
0.32sec faster than Isabdk 
Nicoloso, of France, her great 
rival and the def 
ion- Two weeks 

rrn'ffWT 1 

11-565:3. ESakmwy 
Rottanburnr IEC8. 


W German 
test for 
the British 

By Jenny MacArthnr 

West Germany, the only 
country to have beaten Britain 
in a Young Riders European 
three-day event championships, 
are in the lead at the end of the 
first day of dressage at this year’s 
Championships at Rotherfidd 
Park in Hampshire, sponsored 
by Bee-Hive Car Parks. Britain 
are in second place and Poland 

Today, the last two members 
of each of the seven teams 
complete their tests. Sweden are 
fielding only three team riders. 
Their most experienced honey 
Bemoray. bad to be withdrawn 
because of passport 

Albinus Autmaring. a 21- 
year-okl soldier based at the 
German National Equestrian 
School at Warendorf has taken 
the individual lead on his grey 
Hanoverian mare. Aline, but is 
only just over one point ahead 
of the French rider, Valerie 
Darmoise, with Gaivadenr. 

Britain's highest placed rider 
is 20-year-old Vanessa 
Ashbourne with Hector James, 
who are lying eighth. Miss 
Ashbourne , who is due to go to 
the Royal Agricultural College 
at Cirencester in October, e 
trained by Da vid Pi ncus and her 
dressage has improved measur- 
ably over the last year. Yes- 


S 4 kes v showing then Chieftain at Munich earlier this 
ttelhecan handle the soft going month. However, he still does 
which be will encounter today; , not quite look good enough 
More recently, he won the . here, 
ladies' race at Ascot on Di- _ Gbanayim /Richard Hills) 
amond Day and, while that may - tan win the Kronimus-Rcnnen 
a0 . l J* a Particularly reliable for Tom Jones and make it a 
Sufoe. he dearly has plenty of double for Britain. The daughter 
ability. of Sharpen Up. second to Seek 

Chanino (Gary Carter) make up 
the British quartet who. apart 
from the German-trained 
Agitno. look to have the race to 

Agimo is a very useful handi- 

of Sharpen Up. second to Seek 
.The Truth last time out, should 
have too much speed for the five 
German-trained two-year-okls 
she meets in this six- furlong 
listed race. 

. . _ • OmaAL SCRATCHING; Sun CtarfM 

Agimo is a very useful handi- Sates jtewmartet maun Udy. Royal 
capper who stepped up in class 

to-run a good sixth to Highland Ascoc Fahrtna - High- 

wiujuioBjNW <3 I I 3<£ArijS3iLi£(J»W | I Sdldlfrliiilw 

* * * * ft ftSL 





frustrated by 
wary batsmen 
and the rain 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

", BRISTOL: Worcestershire, 
with eight first-innings wickets 
in hand, are IS runs behind 
Glo ucestershi re. 

There was nothing but 
frustration for Gloucestershire 
. yesterday, brought on first by 
the rain but made much worse 
' by the batting of D'Oliveira, 
Curtis and Hick. After the 
. start of play had been delayed 

■ for an hour and a quarter, 
there were sundry other stop- 
pages and Worcestershire had 

; also the better of what cricket 
there was. When play was 
; abandoned for the day at 530, 

- they had made 191 for two in 
.50 overs, replying to 

• Gloucestershire's 209 for nine 

When the sun was out it was 
; warm and perfectly agreeable. 
Unfortunately, it kept going 
. in. There was never a moment 
when it looked like staying dry 
.for very long. And when there 
; could have been play, first 
thing. Neale, the Worcester* 

- shire captain, refused to com- 
mit his fielders to the odd 

• damp patch. Eventually, to get 

• the game restarted, Graveney 
. declared at the overnight 

score, having first checked 
-with his side that if their 
’ opponents were not prepared 

■ to risk the odd skid, 
‘Gloucestershire were. 

‘ Thereafter, one's sym- 
"paihies were firmly, though 
" forlornly, with Gloucester- 
_• shire. It is such a fiendishly 
slow pitch that although the 

• ball turns, it seldom gets past 
'the bat. Even Walsh had his 
' teeth drawn, though when the 

ball was new he did get the 

- odd one to lift. On another day 
he might have had Curtis or 
D'Oliveira caught at short 1% 
off the glove; but things are 
not running for Gloucester- 
shire at the moment If they 
are to have the slightest 
chance of keeping in touch 
with Essex, they need a return 
to conditions in which the ball 
bounces for Walsh. 

It was beyond Lloyds and 
Graveney bowling their spin- 
ners to keep Gloucestershire's 
hopes alive yesterday. They 

were soon bowling together, 
but against batsmen less pre- 
pared to play careless strokes 
than Gloucestershire's on 
Wednesday. I daresay Charlie 
Parker and Reg Sin field and 
Tom Goddard would have 
had their work cut out to win 
Gloucestershire a first-innings 
lead. Goddard would prob- 
ably have had the best chance 
of doing so with his great 
height and those enormous 
hands and his powers of spin. 

At 69 Lloyds bad Curtis 
caught at short leg off the 
glove. Soon afterwards Smith 
drove Graveney straight back 
at him, chest high. Graveney 
then bowled just the hall at 
Hick, beating him as he 
stretched defensively forward. 
It was the nearest Gloucester- 
shire came to getting rid of the 
prolific young Zimbabwean, 
who began in no time to play 
with much certainty. Al- 
though a big fellow, be is quick 
on his feet and has aO the 

By the time Graveney gave 
Walsh a crack at him. Hick 
was in the forties, having long 
since worked out the two 
spinners. Walsh nearly got one 
through, but soon he too was 
being dispatched with some 
disdain, not only by Hick but 
by D'Oliveira as well 

It was a good example of 
how a batsman in such power- 
ful form as Hick can help a 
partner to catch the wind. 
When the rain closed in for the 
last time, D'Oliveira was even 
going the better of the two. 
Between them they had added 
1 IS in only 19 overs, the last 
few in near darkness. 
GLQUCESTERSMHE: First tarirap 209 
tor 9 dec (C w J Alhey 71 Bowfen: 
Radford 1S448-1; Pridgaon *6-12-1 
Newport 6-T-134; mngworth 24-7-3SF2. 
P,‘. iT 2S-7-B8-5) 

WORCESTBtSHRE: First Innings 

T S Curts c sub b Lloyds „ 42 

D B D'Ofiwira not out ....... 86 

DMSmfchc and b Graveney . — 5 

Q A Hick not out 57 

Extras (rib 1) 1 

Catching the wind: D'Otireira cutting Gloucestershire down to size at Bristol yesterday 

Hardie gives Essex the base 
for a challenge for victory 

Total (2 wkts. SO Otars). 

„ 191 

*P A Neele. D N Patel. tS J Rhodes. P J 
Navmort N V Radtord. R K Kngworth end 
A P Pndgaon to ML 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-89. 2-76. 

Bonus points: Gloucestershire 2, 
Worcestershire 5. 

Umpires: JH Hampshire and P B Wig!*. 

TAUNTON: Essex, with five 
second-innings wickets in hand, 
are 142 runs ahead of Somerset 

Four hours of stubborn bat- 
ting by Brian Hardie was the 
solid, concrete base which en- 
abled Essex to fight back yes- 
terday in the low scoring and 
vital match. 

Essex. 71 runs behind on first 
innings, grimly held the Somer- 
set spinners at bay on a turning 
pitch to stay in the hunt for a 
victory which would enhance 
their championship hopes. 

Essex began their second in- 
nings 50 minutes before lunch 
and by the interval Stephenson 
had gone. He was caught behind 
from one which lifted but 
generally the bounce was not 
unreliable: Gooch hinted at a 
commanding innings, with 
some firm drives and careful leg 
side singles. Eight minutes after 
lunch, however, Taylor brought 
a hall back sharply, it kept low 
and had Gooch leg before. 

Prichard and Hardie added 51 
in 22 overs before Prichard 
pulled a catch off Marks to mid 
wicket. Marks by now was 
bowling with great subtlety and 
took full advantage of the 
wearing pitch. Somerset used off 

By Richard Streeton 

spin at both ends with Harman, 
playing only his second 
championship match, also 
showing good control. 

Fletcher, always at his best 
against slow bowling, seemed in 
no difficulty. This, perhaps, 
accounted for his obvious 
annoyance when he jabbed 
down against a ball from Marks 
and was given out to a low. 
rigbi-handed catch at short 
square leg. 

In the morning Botham, al- 
ready struggling against his 
throat infection, was never able 
to take command and build his 
team a large lead. Somerset, 
resuming at 134 for six, batted a 
further 70 minutes as Lever and 
Foster bowled unchanged. 

Botham. 36 overnight, was 
frustrated as Essex ringed the 
area between cover and square 
leg with six men on the fence. 
His strokes were powerfully 
made but often brought only 
singles. Marks, who might have 
made an important contribu- 
tion. was run out. He could not 
complete a sharp single as 
Foster followed through and hit 
the stumps direct 

Foster was also responsible 
for Botham's dismissal wben he 

held a fierce, low hook at head 
height at deep square 1% off 
Lever. Dredge baited con- 
fidently until East held a good 
leg side catch. 

ESSEX. Rrat tonten 128 (D E BasiSS not 
out N S Taylor 4 for 40) 

Second bniinas 

*G A Gooetl Em b Taylor 38 

J P Stephenson c Gard b Taylor 11 

PJ Prichard c Hardy b Marta 

B R Harche not out „ 68 

K W R Fletcher c Harden b Marks — 26 
□ R Pringle run out 21 

J K Lever not ou! , 

Extras (b 5. to 3) . 
Tort (5 wkts) .. 

— B 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-32, 2-64. 3-115. 4- 

SOMERSET: First tarings 

N A Falun c Prichard bCNds 

•pm Roebuck bCMds 

J JEHardy runout. 

IV A Richards c Retcherb Gooch . 

RJ Harden c Fletcher b Chads 

I T Botham c Foster b Lever r 

IT Garde Laver b Chads _____ 
VJ Marks run out. 

C H Dredge c East b Foster . 
M D Hannan not out 

N S Taylor b Fosftr 

Extras (to 1) 

Total (613 overs) 

- 10 
- 10 
_ 11 

- 14 

- 67 

- 0 
_ 4 

— 4 
_ 2 

— 1 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-18. 2-21, 3-72. 4- 
96. 5-m 6-131 7-150, 3-194, 9-196. 10- 
200 . 

BOWLING: Lever 21-7-69-1; Footer 263- 
7-62-2: Chads 84L27-4; Pringle 4-0-23-0: 
Gooch 4-0-28-1. 

Bonus points: Somerset 6. Essex 4. 
Umpires: K J Lyons and R A White. 

Middlesex in champion form Greenidge dazzles 


By Ivo Tennant 

LORD'S: Lancashire, with all 
rheirsecond-innings wickets in 
hand, are 319 runs behind 

Middlesex, batting and bowl- 
ing with a verve that has mostly 
deserted them this season, had 
Lancashire out for 71 yesterday 
and made them follow on, 361, 
runs behind. The county cham- 
pions added quick nuts in the 
morning through a partnership 
of 144 between Radley and 
Downton and simply bowled 
accurately thereafter. By the 
close Lancashire were making a 
better fist of their second 

Lancashire's first-innings to- 
tal was their lowest of the 
season. It would be too facile to 
say their minds were on the 
NatWest Trophy final even if 
that was the inference from the 
. way they batted. 

For once Middlesex bowled 
like county champions. Daniel 
and Edmonds are injured but 
Cowans worked up some pace 
and found a little movement 
The others simply bowled line 
. and length. The five bowlers 
Gatling deployed, including 
himself, shared the wjckeis. 

Mendis steered Hughes to 
third slip and Fowler was leg- 
before only half forward. The 
next three to go failed to 
contribute: Abrahams turned 
Cowans to backward short kg; 
Hay hurst was leg-before to the 
same bowler, and Maynard lost 
his offstump to Hughes. 

At this stage Lancashire were 
in danger of recording the lowest 
score of the season, hitherto 44. 
That was still the case when 
Simmons walked on touching 
Fraser to Downton ana 
O'Shaughnessy went to 
Gatling's first ball. 

At 44 AUott was eighth out 
caught at mid-off, giving 
Gatling his best figures of the 
season, but Folley and 
Watkinson boosted the total 

Middlesex had batted on until 
lunch. Radley and Downton 
making their enterprising 
partnership worth 144 in 100 
minutes. Radley hit three fours 
in his 71 and Downton nine 
fours and a six in 84. 

NUDLESEX: First Inninga 
A 4 T Mtor e Maynard b Panaraon _ 44 

WN Slack town rotoy BS 

J O Carr run out 34 

ROButctar few b Watkinson 53 

*MW Gatling cFowtarbSfenmom— B 
CT Radley at Maynard bSanmons — 71 

3 P R Downton 0 Watkxaon _____ 84 

EEmburay notout 32 

S P Hughes few b Si mm o ns 4 

By Peter Marson 

Extras (b 2, to 14. nb 3) . 
Total (8 vrirts doc) . 

Score at 100 event: 301 far 5 
N G Cowans and A G J Fraser dto not but 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-114. 2-150. 3-169. 
4-180. 5-237, 6-381, 7-399. 6432. 
BOWUNG: Patterson 17-4-56-1; AJtott 9- 
1-10-0; Hayhurst 19-2-77-0; Wafldnaon 
22- 1-95-2; Simmons 21 .4-5-56-3; O’Shau- 
ghnessy 14-JMWHfc FoOay 22-4-74-1. 

LANCAMMb Rrel Innings 

G □ Mendis c Carr b Hughes 7 

D Fowler few b Hughes 5 

J Abrahams c Stack b Cowans 0 

SJ O’Shaughnessy few b Getting — _ 17 

A N Hayfturat few b Gowans 0 

fC Maynard b Hughes 0 

■J Simmons c Downton b Frasar 5 

M Wadonson c Downton b Fraser 
PJW Alton c Comma ta Gatling _ 

I Folley c Stock b Emburay 

B P PHtwson not out , 

Extras (fe 4. nb i) . 

Total (443 own) 







FALL OF WICKETS: 1-9. 2-12. 3-16. 4-20. 
5-21. 633. 74a 644. 667. 1671. 
BOWUNG: Cowans 63-12-2; Hughes 6 
2-163: Fraser 934-12-2; EmOurey 13* 
161; Getting 4-2-62. 

Second bongs 

G □ Mends not out 20 

G Fowler not out 21 

Extra* (hi) 1 

Total (no wkt). 


Bonus points: Mddtesax 8, Lancashire 2. 
Umpires: D J Constant and B Laadbeatar. 

Robinson’s timely form 

Gordon Greenidge was at his 
brilliant best in a dashing, 
dazzling innings of 222. as 
Hampshire made 338 for two 
from 101 overs against North- 
amptonshire at Northampton, 
yesterday. Greenidge made his 
runs out of 309 in 90 overs, 
reaching 200, in which were 
three sixes and 23 fours, in 236 

Along the way, Greenidge and 
Paul Terry, who made 55, pul 
on 230, and in so doing wrote in 
a new first-wicket record for 
Hampshire as they bettered by 
one run the previous best estab- 
lished by Roy Marshall and 
Johnny Gray against Middlesex 
on the United Services ground, 
Portsmouth in I960. 

There had been a delay of 75 
minutes in the morning, after 
which Hampshire, who had 
been invited to bat, made a 
sprint start, and in this 
Greenidge (46). bad made all the 
running, when Hampshire came 
in to lunch at 39 for no wicket 
from 19 overs. In the first over 
afterwards. Green idge's eighth 
boundary took him to a half 
century off 63 balls. A brace of 
sixes off the slow left-arm 

bowling of Nick Cook and 
Robin Boyd-Moss took Hamp- 
shire to 100 off 30 overs, of 
which Terry had made 17. 

The sun was shining at Grace 
Road, Leicester when Willey, 94 
not out, and De Freitas, IS not 
out, had taken guard with 
Leicestershire 186 for five from 
64 J! overs. With a four to third 
man and two runs more off the 
second over of the mornings, 
Willey signalled a century in 
which there were 12 boundaries, 
off 1 65 balls in 204 minutes. 

If Willey had been quick to 
settle, then the situation at the 
other end had been less secure, 
with the remaining batsmen 
frilling to Finney, Malcolm and 
Mortensen. Willey was still 
there as Leicestershire came in 
at 292. 

Barnett looked to be in fine 
form as he made 27 of 
Derbyshire's 36 runs at the 
luncheon intervaL Afterwards, 
he moved easily to an impres- 
sive SO. before losing Maher to 
Taylor with the score 66, and 
Hill to Benjamin at 122. Ten 
runs on, and Barnett's splendid 
innings of 96 was ended by De 

TRENT BRIDGE: Kent, with all 
theirsecond-innings wickets in 
hand, need 324 runsto beat 

Having been comprehen- 
sively out-played for almost a 
day and a half, Kent were 
offered a glimpse of an unlikely 
victory yesterday by Clive 
Rice's generous declaration, 
which brought an end to Tim 
Robinson's butchery of their 

Robinson, whore unbeaten 
159 in 208 minutes was his 
fourth and lamest century of the 
season, could hardly have made 
a more impressive claim for a 
trip to Australia, overshadowing 
Broad, his partner, in both 
innings in front of selector Phil 
Sharpe. He reached his centuiy 
with 10 boundaries, and his 
third fifty came in only 34 
minutes as Dale was plundered 
for three sutes and Underwood, 
who can rarely have looked so 
innocuous, for another. 

For most of the day Kent did 
not make a very good fist, of 
things, their high point coming 
when they avoided the follow- 
on. That bad seemed a relatively 
simple target, but when Hadlee 
quickly removed Aslett it as- 

By Peter Ball 

sumed larger dimensions. 
Marsh, however, escaped a 
chance at five, and with solid 
help from Ellison and Hinks, 
who had moved down the order 
after flaking a bone in his arm in 
an unavailing attempt to catch 
Hadlee on Wedn e sday. The 
wicketkeeper saw his team to 
safety with a judicious innings, 
using his feet to the spinners 
with a jaunty confidence which 
was dented his colleagues. 

Having conceded a lead of 
100, Kent's situation demanded 
a quick riposte. Their de- 
meanour suggested they.did not 
expect one, Alderman beginning 
with only two slips, and Robin- 
son took advantage, edging him 
at catchable height through the 
vacant position. 

Broad also escaped an early 
chance, a low return catch to 
DiUey, and Kent paid dearly as 
the pair settled in on a wicket 
which was apparently getting 
slower and Baiter by the minuie 
for the first century stand of the 

That one look 36 overs, but. 
after Broad's departure, it was 
quickly foikrwdd by another in 
19 overs, the second fifty taking 
only six overs as Robinson 


flogged the increasingly despon- 
dent bowlers. 

NOTmiClHAMSHBie First Innings 240 (R 
J Hadlee 88. R T Robinson 52; T M 
Alderman 5 for 84) 

Second Innings 

B C Broad c Tavara b Alderman 47 

RTRobtasannataut 159 

M Newel not out 34 

Exires(fel> - 1 

Total (1 Wkt dac) Z41 


BOWLING Dttey 13-141-0: Alderman 16 
347-1; Underwood 20-5-73-0; BBson 61- 
24-0: Dale 12-2-55-0. 

KENT* First Innings 

MR Benson few b Hadfee 7 

N R Taylor few b HecHee 7 

*G J Tavard b Pick ____________ 4 

OGAsietibHadaa 7 

DM Bbsonc Johnson b Hammings .. 23 
{5 A Marsh c Broad b l tam w xn g s — 61 

S G HMs b Afford 15 

G HMeyc PH* b Afford 0 

DL underwood b Afford 5 

C S Dale c Johnson b Afford 2 

T M Alderman not out 7 

Extras (to 2) 2 

Total (53 overs] 140 

Leics t Derbyshire 


LBCESTCRSMRE: First Innings 

J C BaHorsxm c Maher b Morwnsen 8 

R A Cobb c Sharma b Finney — 17 

*P wney not out 168 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-14. 2-15. 619. 4- 
33. 5-59. 6108. 7-120. 6126. 6131. 16 

BOWUNG Hatton 11-6163: Pick 163- 
361: Ham mi ngs 164614: RKe 4-6160; 
Afford 10-2-224. 

Second bungs 

M R Benson not out 11 

NR Taylor not out 5 

Extras (1)2) - 2 

Total (no wkt) - 18 

Bonus pomts: Nottmghamsixre 6 Kant 4. 
umpires: R Julian and N T Ptewa. 

JJ Whitaker bFrtwv 

T J Boon c HB b Msfcotoi 

POBowterc Maher b Mortensen 22 

PAJDe Fredas few b Finney 17 

tP WWtaease c Jean-Jacques 

b Malcolm 4 

W K R Benjamin b Malcolm 8 

JPAgnewcShannab Mortensen _ 16 

L B TSyfar e Maner b Mortansan o 

Extras (b 3. w 1. nb 3) 5 

Total (89.4 overs) 292 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-11. 636. 344. 4- 
88. 5-154. 6195. 7-210. 6274, 628a 16 

BOWLING: Malcolm 22-2-61-3; 
Mortensen 154^61-4; Finney 22-4-74-3; 
Milter 167454k Jean-Jacques 11-1460. 
DERBYSMRE: First tonkins 

*K J Barnett b De Freitas 96 

TBJM Maher c Cobb b Taytor ___ 14 

A HW c WNmcase b Benjamm 12 

JE Moms not out 88 

B Roberts few bDe Frans 23 

G Mrtar 0 De Fredas 0 

R Sharma e Beraamn b Oe Freitas _ 38 
R J Finney c Wx tti ca s e b De Fredas . 13 

M Jean-Jacques not out 8 

Extras (fe l.ifeS) 10 

TOM (7 wMs. 81 overs) 300 

O H Mortensen aid D E Malcolm to bSL 
FAU- OF WICKETS: 1 -66. 2-122. 3-137. 4- 
191. 6191. 6-24 4.7-288. 

Bonu s ports: Lri U H A w shue 6, Darby- 
SJton B. 

Umpires: J Brtenstiaw and B Dudtoston. 

Northants v Hants 

HAMP5MRE; First Innings 
CG Greenidge c Harper bMaaarxter 222 

VP Terry cRIpteyb raker — 55 

C L Seism not out — 23 

R ASnvthnotout 16 

Extras (b Z B 15. nb 9 22 

Total (2 wMs) — 338 

Score at 100 overs 335 tor 2 
■M C J Nicholas. N G Cowtey. K D James. 
T M Trended, ffl J Parks. M D Marshal 
and R J Mam to bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-250. 2-309. 
Larkins. R J Boyd-Moss. A J Land). R J 
BaUey. D JCtpeL R A Harper. fD Ripley. 
NGd Cook. N a MaBender. A Waiter. 
Bonus points N o rt ham ptonshire 0. 
Hampshire 4. 

Umpires j A Jameson and A A Jonas. 

No play yesterday 

SWANSEA: Glamorgan v Surrey. 
EDG8AST0N: Wmwcfcsnrt 94 tor no wkt 
(P A Snath 50 not out) v Yorkshire. 

Ripley refusal 

David Ripley, the North- 
amptonshire wicketkeeper- has 
been refused permission to pull 
out of the Young England side 
to play Young Sri Lanka at 
Nottingham this weekend, al- 
though Stuart Waterloo- his 
replacement, has been taken ilL 




S a FM atMpf 

BlS.S5SS-"f»4£grT 1 

SsCwdinaiS 2. ABarta few* i: Nm 
k Mae 6. San Otego Rarxas 3 



gj^S d Mama8onab AwW 1. Swtt- 

uMQAniMI 1EAOUB . SMW tertwy 1. 
I SST SSa ft TatalXBiw 2. Oatearan ft 
H2£«S»1 Vktecaon l;Eg« g Stofofc i: 

ft vas» l 

[ ff L j woS ft F«W«» 0 MTKVM ft 

I * Rftta Elo Gycr 0 

GA Eaffas Dwrar 0. 

Snrti 3: V — ro am 0. PSV Bodbown a 

Forara S aunt 3. EmcbUot ft Am Amster- 

dam 2. FC Den Haag 3; LRracM 0. Rod! JC 1: 

Feyanoew R on e nam 1. FC C n xto u ni 1: PC 

DenBoicti0.FCTVnt4eft WVVantol. PEC 
Swala 1: AT67 Afensv ft Haarkxn 1 


MVERGAM&l. H Zeaiaid Ton 

Ausmkans 55. SmiWaM a 


AUCKLAND: Student World Cu* Great 

Britain 4. Ausfrata 12 


MfeHU: Rater Swan GokJ Ov SMaid 

jWtatans l. Vfcuxja (LixuBierg. Swefc 2. Baby 
Tonga ISOwflz. Germany); ft Seten (Prawg.. 
itatyl Mounted OMste 1. juna IV 
(Hamtsurf. GSg 


Russtine tames The Red Dragon 

A Act the testing conditions of 

the pro* ious iwo days, all classes 

in the six-race Bfcnl Walker 
Burnham Week enjoyed near- 
pcrfcei force 3 to 4 nonh- 

The weal her favoured smaller 
boats and Russell Smith's 
Russiinc won Class I by a mere 
22 seconds from The Red 
Dragon (Pal Lee), thus breaking 

Backlash's dominance of the 


Russtxw (R SnastiR 2. The Rod Dragon |P 

Lea and D Mcare): 3. Sttowuider y 

Oswald) Crtk 1. Erotic Bear ft BaxofT. 

2. Carronade V (P Ctoments I; 3. Fiona ol 

Bumtam (D L Graves), dan ffl; i. 

Harmony /PDyert 2. WttafO(DT«teman)-. 

3. JxiHTMiy CnckaKM Hamsonj Class IV.- 

i . Krystal cl Menas fj A Gcozetti: 2. tons 

m IA Steel): 3. Cheetah of Burnham (A H 

C>OKerL Ctaos V: 1. ET (E T AHarV ft 

Nyroea [D Cortessk ft Lynx |H J Tra»). 

Class Vk 1. Freetence (S Larkman): 2. 
Clump (j R Laggatt): 3. Anoula (S Darn). 
CSnsa Vfc 1. Rwhpcxnt (R B Crawtey), ft 

Anagram of Mag (R D Fdx); 3. Ptiaca (R B 
Wncnf) Om vnt 1, Nab III (G Lake- 

Mteon). 2. FceUe (J M R Phtoav): 3. 

Plantroenet Rosa (M P Summarsl Otess 
Pb l.h&Muffrt(LRIMHn):2.nafKte(1 

Morgan): 3. Wattsnea (P C Wood) 

Confess* 33: 1. XWa (R W Bntaunk 2. 
COQuatte (C Dnscoet 3, Sunbaam K(EB 

Mdsl Sonata (Sutxwt to prONSQ. Rob- 

ber 1. T Leaf (M L Come): 2. Fbndy 
RotXMr (B Htntons): 3. OutttwfPCooparl 

Dragon: 1. Aveteneha IV (T G Wads): ft 
Clwraok |M J HQimas and T Alan): ft 

Aanoi [R k MatMfteL StMte 1 . Shaula (Mrs 

R Pnorh ft Stardust (Mr and Mrs P Wvma 

and J Bowles). 3. Yesterday (P D KyteL 
Squfel.RcqQ(J Tucker); 2. Genesta(8R 
Pearson and K Adams): 3. Ctengar (R 
Cope and H Skeens). RBOOif. mamtuef 

(R A Sutherland); % Rad Jacket (i 

Lindsey); 3. white Ron (D and w 
WffijsraifJ-RCOO: l.Cortnde8e(AJMar8h 
and J Waiarhousai: ft CoraWfA Muroo): 

3. Corefla (V A J Matter and □ W CaucM- 

Sandhoppac 1, Gwanmeaan (W L 
WrrtitL 2. Sundancar (B Evans): ft Sandy 
(A Savwefl) 


Ballesteros stays 
on song but two 
shots off the lead 

From Mitchell Platts, Dnsseltloif 



Severiano Ballesteros eased 
back into action with a first 
round of 69 in the German 
Open on the Hubbetrath course 
here yesterday as Peter Baker 
provided evidence of a promis- 
ing professional career. He 
shared the lead on 67 with Denis 
Dumian and Mark McNulty, of 

It was not a vintage perfor- 
mance by Ballesteros, seeking 
his sixth victory of an outstand- 
ing European season, but it was 
nonetheless an impressive re- 
turn as he missed only two 
greens in regulation. 

He was not unduly worried 
about being a touch ring rusty, 
having played only two compet- 
itive rounds in the fast month, 
but be shared with the other late 
starters the punishing hazard of 
putting on greens which became 
increasingly bumpy. "Not bad 
for a person wbo hasn't prac- 
ticed for two weeks,” said 
Ballesteros. . 

Baker, competing in only Iris 
fourth tournament after switch- 
ing from the amateur ranks, 
could have been forgiv en fix* 
losing his concentration after 
missing three putts of less than 
four feet in his first five holes. 

Yet the former Walker Cup 
player, who won the Brabazon 
Trophy last year, displayed 
commendable resilience u> com- 
pose his best round since bis 
professional baptism in the 
PLM Open in Sweden earlier 
this month. 

He earned his first cheque in 
the Beil's Scottish Open last 
week and the importance of the 
German Open to him. cannot be 
understated. He most add 
around £5,000 to the £630 he 
won in Glasgow in order to 
avoid needing to go for his 
players' cant at the European 
school at the end of the year. 

*Tve been fortunate to re- 
ceive invitations to four 
successive tournaments,” ex- 
plained Baker. “The problem is 
that I do not have another at the 
moment so I might need to win 
all the money this week.” 

Baker gave himself a solid 
foundation from which to do 
just that by gathering three ofbis 
six birdies over the last three 
holes. Hie finished with a flour- 
ish by holing from 20 fret at the 
16th. pitching to four feet at the 
long 17th and then by hitting a 
five iron to five feet at the las*. 

Dumian received an eleventh 
hour sp ons or 's' invitation to 
compete and be took, foil advan- 
tage by collecting eight birdies 
during a momma, round in 
which be rationed himself to 
only 28 putts. McNulty, who 
woo the German Open in 1980, 
moved alongside Baker and 
Damian amnesy of striking the 
ball with immense authority on 
tbeheavfly wooded course. 

David reherty. oozing' con- 
fidence following, his victory in 
the Bell's Scottish Open last 
Sunday, bad six birdies to join a 
group on 68 

Sandy Lyle moved into a 
challenging position with a 70 
but Bernhard Langer, struggling 
with a replacement set of dubs, 
and Nick Faldo each took 75. 


unless stated): D Oiantan. M McNnte 

Olm). P Baker 88: R Davis (Are), D 

Miefty. L JoneftC ktason, l BartStoch 


maMra 0 ^^! 7 £«£wnri a ^. P 

TorrancS. N Crosby fUSL S Lyfic re S 
Cpa. W (Aug TGHdaoii WG). G 
Brand Junior. 0 E Smfth (USk 72: P Curry. 
G J. Brand. M Benfertdga. J Morgan. J 
nwrofSp). HPriaffli® SHssse (NZJi 
J BtendtSA) O MboreCAtis), "E SctMftar 
<WG). R Cm. H Batocctx gX). D LtanByn. 
1 Moray. R CUrxnara (US). 

* Denotes amataur 

Limn maintains lead 

Karen Luna, of Australia, 
maintained her lead in the 
WPGA tournament at 
Boriange, Sweden, yesterday 
with a second round of 71, one 
under par. This gave her a 
total of 141, two strokes better 
than Peggy Conley (United 
States) and Liselotte 
Neumann (Sweden), who 
have both recorded rounds of 
72 and 71. 

The three leaders jointly 
had the lowest round of the 
second day, played in such 
miserable conditions of rain 
and wind that the officials 
came near to suspending play 
on several occasions. 

Penny Grice- Whittaker, 
winner of the Belgian open 

recently, is the best placed 
British player on 145 (73 and 

In . contrast to Miss Lons, 
who came home with 9 
straight pars, Miss Neumann, 
the present leader in the 
WPGA Riqg & Brymer mon- 
ey list, bad to recover from a 
double bogpy at the 12th, 
where she was in the water. 
She had two co m pensating 
birdies over the last 6 holes, 
one at die 18th to emulate 
Miss Conley's four there. 

LEADHG SCORES (Bntteti unless stated): 
161: K Luno (AusL 7ft 71; 14ft P Conto 
<U8L 7ft 71; Lteinn (SmL 72. 7T; 
14* P Grioa-WMttakar. 7ft 72: 147: L 
: DouflftJI . 78; M Waonaratan {riMk 
73: W8tJ Brown. 7T.77;CP*ntoa.ra.7& 
JCoanaBhan.75.7ft ' 



off illness 
to win 

From a Correspondent, 
Karachi - 

Jah a ngir Khan req uire d a 
mere 34 minutes to extend to 
seven his record of Pakistan 
Open titles, sponsored by Gyfl 
Aviation here yesterday. Tbe 
Pakistani, aged. 22, won 9-2. 9-0, 
9-2 against Ross Thome, the 
man rcganled as the best Austra- 
lian and the fourth best player in 
the world. Despite the foimliar- 
fty of Jahangir victories, such 
dominance is still amazing. - 

Particularly w because earlier 

in the week Ja h an gi r had had 
vulnerable moments. Twice he 
dropped games, to Jansber 
Khan and Cfcimar Zaman, while 
against PhuKenyon, the "British 
national champion, be was kept 
on cour t for an hour and 20 
minutes. At the end of that the 
world champion, looked tired. 
Had an absence of four months 
riser his last world grand prix 
tournament been affecting him? 

The truth was more serious 
than that. This week Jahangir 
came ckjser to losing than at any 
time in the last five years and 
four months because be was 
suffering from flu. He had been 
taking antibiotics and his fever 
bad continued well until half 
way through the tournament. _“I 
knew I would be ca difficulties 
and that I could lose," he said 
yesterday. Had he done so be 
and Roshan Khan, his father, 
had decided nothing should be 
said about his fllness. There was 
an unusually passionate em- 
brace between father and son 
after die final victory. 

It was achieved against one of 
the soundest all round players. 
What Thorne did not possess 
however, was a plan to slow the 
pace down as both Kenyon and 
Zaman bad done, and the faster 
and- harde r the Australian 
played, the faster came defeat. 

It was fill! of paradoxes— cool 
and predictable, yet beautiful 
and fascinating. Thorne won 
only lour rallies in the first 
game, one in the second and 
three in the third. At the end he 
could only smile, because that 
comes naturally to him. and 
because that was all there was 
left to do. 

Boycott back 

Geoff Boycott, the Yorkshire 
and former England batsman, 
who is recovering from a hand 
injury which has kept him out 
for tune games, hit an unbeaten 
72 for the county's second team 
yesterday. Playing a&unst a 
Halifax-Huddersfield Area 
Council side at Halifax, he 
baaed for 150 minutes and hit 
^sotlbura as Yorkshire declared 
at 151 for one wicket. 



DECATHLON: Ffeat day: 1 0ttos Heat til. 
T Voss (EQL HLBMRft , A BkmM (R), 
10.74:3. CPtaztottFO. TOJtift J Mrnran 
(WO). 1067:5. B Gaafiwitor (Switz), 11.14: 
ft V KuahteJUSSR). 11.4ft HaMJfcIO 
TTtonipson (GBL 1028; 2. G Krattctamr 
— 1 10.62: ftS WartzWG). 1083:4. G 
pom (USSR). 1MB; 5. U Fratmufe 

m«M. ll-OTift S EfcwgJ&rt). 11 .07:4. 
P VeSsrt fSwto). 11^3: ftW Motti (Ff). 
11 J26; 6. M OtaratorlSiM), 11 Heat «: 

1, P Kesfcttato (Rnl. I0w: ft L Wtomtoa 
(Dan). 1032: ft J Maud (AuM JOSS: 4, C 
O Connel (M), 1U04.- 5. S Bfamatraral 
(Swb). 11.05. ftOm: GrtHip 1: 1. -nramp- 
aoa 47h2aac; 2. Wente47 J5T; ft TVbBS. 
48JJ3: 4. Ftaimuth. 4ft3S; 5. Htas, 
48.79. Ort St 1. BrtXtoL 4/3S ft 
Geefnofler. 4921; ft Aptechrt. 49JS; 4. 
PtanaL 5003: 5. Datolanw. 5005. Group 
3s 1. Wamtna 47.7ft ft da WW.483ftft 
VattoriL 49.79; 4. MandL 50.67! 5. 
Otendar. S0ft5: ft Kaaidala. 51.47. Gimp 
4: 1. Gfltas. 47.80: 2. Btomswnd. 4ft9ft 
ft O Connefl. 4829; 4. Btbwg. 48.4ft 

M Jump: Group A: 1, Htegsao. 7ft9ni: 
ft Voss. 7JsTa Thompson. 7.72; 4. 
wamz. 7.60 ft Kntsdmar, 750: ft 
BtondeL 7^2; 7, Ptoziat 7.3ft ft 
Dagnaiw. 7ft6: 9, Fraimmh. MS: 10. 
ApatoSav. 72S: 11. GaeMar. 7M. 1ft 
KirtwL 6.71. Group ft 1. Kasfdtsfa. 757! 
ft O-Connai. 7ft1: ft MandL 7.0ft 4. da 
Wtt. 7.05: 5. Bfearo. 7X5: ft Warning, 
7.03: 7. MOHL 7.0ft ft GftBS. 7U0; S. 
Btomstrand. 6.78: 10. Otomtor; 078; 11. 
VattoriL &77. Shoe Group A: I.HPump. 
16.46m: ft Thompson. 15.73; 3. 
Apalto hav. 1557; 4. Wants. 1ft4S; ft 
Fraamdh. 1 S2& ft Vow. 1433; 7, Ptoztet 
14.73; ft DMyarw. U.72; ft Gaahadar. 
14.15; lOBfandaL 1027. Group Be 1. 
Ortxtor. 155ft ft Gftas. 1452; ft Mandl. 
14J27; 4. VattoriL 1*27; ft B tem wa n d . 
14.10:6. da VM. 14U4; 7. KesUtotoi 14JD3; 
ft Mott. IftSO ft Bctwg. 1355: 10. 
Wtemtog. 1352: 11. O CorawB. 1153. 
Mgh knix Group A: 1. Plant 2Ll6m; ft 
Hbigsan. 2-iaft Wantz. 2.1ft 4, Voss. 

2. Cftft Thompson. 2.00: 6. BtooOaLftOQ: 

7. Degiywov. 2U0; ft Ftetowte, 157; 9. 
Gaehwnw, 154; 10 Aptecbav, 158; 
Kwlvat dropped out Gnop Bs 1 . H 
206; ft VMHrii. 2U3c ft^a WO 250; 
Btomstrand. 157: ft KosWtoto. 157; 6. 
CXandar, 157: 7. Warning. 154; ft Gfcas. 
154; 9. MandL 154; 1ft O Comteft.155: 
11. MoOL 1.7ft Sacaml dan IKS® 
hunflem HaaM: 1. WOmang. HS t aro ft 
MandL 1458: ft Dagtoanw. 15.11; 4. 
Bdwg. 15.1ft 5. Gaafiwtar. 1550: 6, 
daw* 16.18. Heat ft 1. Thompson. 
1454: ft Wantz. 14.07: ft Axwrtiev. 
1429; 4. BtondeL 1454; ft Hhnaan. 
1452: 6. Uwa Fftomuth. 145ft 7. Voss, 
1451. Hut 3: 1. Da Wit 1458: ft 
KesMtato. 14.8ft 3. PtazM. Ugo: *. 
VBItartL 155ft 5. GAas. 1&2ft ft 
O Connaa. 152& 7. Btomstrana 16.1ft 
ntaoHe 1, Hibson, 4&42m; ft Qtandar. 
4620; ft Frotoutfi. *554; 4, Apatehaw. 
4ft8ftftWentz. 4550: ft Plutet 4ft4ft 7. 
VaHartk 45.40: ft Degtjarw, 4458; ft 
ERberg. 4358: 1(L Btomstrand. 4854; 11, 
Voss. 4354; 12. GBceS;. 4350; 1ft 
'nrompoon. 435ft 1* do Wit 4354; 1ft 
Warning? 40 *8: 16. Ga art te er.*a3B: 17. 
BtondeL 3922: 1ft MandL 39.1ft 1ft 
Motti. 3850: 20. OConmHi. 3*0; 21. 
KssMtoto. 3352. Poto route Group fc 1. 
Vosa 5.10m; 2. Thompson. S.10: ft 
Btondat 450; 4, Wamz. 450: 5. Fratoxife. 
4.90; 6. Apalche*. 450: 7. Ptsast 420: ft 

p Cotort jF^_1;455ft ft 

xi (HOini. iuwk; z. n Haw 
3.78; ft A Marfan (USSR). fft7ft4, 

s. U sooarmann (Swan. lUB irooi 

V KfaMto 
(USSR). 1^756 110m I xx tea *. (first 
thrae to aseft heat plus Sato, ftokoyait 
Ytostafa. Sodan wa nn and FomaccMo 
quaMy tor samLIinate): Hut ti 1. L 
GfaraaiJRonO. 1ft74sac; ft N WMfear 
C Sato (f * 


2: 1. P Krasten Buft IftBI; ft A 
Oschkenai (ECft 1352; ft G Tozzt lift 
M51:4,AFrokotyo¥(USSR), 1456-.5.R . 

Wm a VA™WraI \*f#i ffllWuU, VuMR fa I 

Kasancw (USSR), 1359; 2. G Balms (Hunt 
135ft ft R Martoya (Baft 1455: 4. P 
Eriksson (SweL 144ft ftR Gfegtol p*“ 
1455. Heat 4; 1. S Ctoisten JRr). 1ft4 

Raday (WB). 1454; ft S Uagaoto f 
1454:7. E JMM (Dap), " 


iL 14,60. 

400M HURDLES: (tour bast of each heat 
phis lour next fastest rnaMy.for san6 
2. C ftawttoch (B3), 5650; ft G Btonafc 
(POI).5652;4 I THatondor(F1n}.Sft87;ftC 
Mrtitxng ffiuft 5727; ft A Gundanan 
(Norway) 58 Di 7, MPi*»(Sp), 58.14; ft 
G CinJr (m. 5847. Hut ft 1. S Busch 

Ha» (Austria) 5655; ft C riuaaat O xil im d 
5723; ft M mbs (8mA 57 53; 7,1 
HoUyi (WG) 56.52: 8. SArtu M 
5925 Hut ft 1. M Stepanova 
5458: ft ft Ftoiiar r®T»J»: 3. J| 
ShoqfuraJ (Swb). 565ft 4. G AM (WGTl 
57. 7. C ftawt (Srt. 88.19: ft H 
HaM o ra doMtef flostenA. seiuMacus 6 
ate 1. D Samu (B&. 7158m: 2, Z 
CMstora (Baft 8952: 3. M Hteron 
ffiQl fi82&4TMB3»nsW (H31. 6520; ft 
SMitort (Buff. 632ft ft G Jarnatma 
ft R Kxtewfcz PI 

fWG). 5654; 10.S fl 

M Beram»wi (Nor). ■ 

(GB).S254; 13.SGofabtoCfufl)- 4850:1^1 
U Weber (Austria) 45£8Jxva*t (M l 
qualifiers): OroupA: 1, F Wtottxutl 
7754m (world raoordk ft T Utok (Rrij. 
67.72: ft I Ttopsan pira 0558; 4. N 
Yofmolonch (USSR), 6452: ft A Vtooufi 
(pn. 6256; ft P Tfitonyrd (Swtt» 5B-5g | 

heat plua next t hra a fa s te s t oau raPj Haai 
til, facbtom(Fiiri. 8240ft- ft HMalzar 
ffiA62457! ft Rftodm«r(G^tt2M8: 
STcf MartaTWort. 83451; 5. R Schwarz 



Rerahto(USOTL 154.-1 tift A Botarsttoxw 

(Pbrft 15007; 1ft S Urtjwte (Hurt. 
Wftjyt mpote 

Bfam tm aO-Ufc ft H Puuste At 
8054; 6. WGambtat (WGL 79JHri 

Gwntlnar (Sw#^3054;l U BaywfEt^. 
2051; 4, S Smimtw (USSR). 20^0; S. J 
SmU (Noil, 2098; ft K State (WG). 
SST7. A Andrei rip. 2027; ft L Arvld 
Nfaantfiort, 1954; ft G Andarsan (NortL 
1954; fo.UGafeauaan (WQ. 1952; 11.9 
Mto (Vfatf. 19.4ft 12. H Krirar Ipoft 
19,19; ICJ Kuoppa (Rift IftSft fft K 
Bodenmutotar (fiteta).. 18L90c 1ft J 

Rontaunan^bi). IftSft 1ft D KQoteOUUs 

tai ia.77.Pote watefonHara tor finaft 
r. A Tarav (Bid). 550m; ft T Vrtwron. 

ftSftft N Mkotov(8ul), 550:4, K Axissta 

[550; 7. S Bubka QfeSH), S5ft ft Z 
■ra pzL 550: 9. V Bubka (USSR). 
jnWwv (Duft 550; It. E 


waHV for Ate Hut 1: 1. N Gemma 

Mum. 11.14MG ft I A u araw ai fl (era, 

aa sararinSa 

ieea, l12@-.^tetoteutora^^raM 

&GO6f0 {ftonwrrt wm 

Wednesday^ Mm results 

UWH SBPMNALft 0ret tour In oach 
heat quafiiy tor fln% Heel Is 1. S 

Veuem. 5758; ft KasWttiaraje: 6, 
O Cornte. 5156: 7. tfataft 48 l 42: ft 

Waiming. 44.00. 200m luatetpinR ferae 

xi each hut plus Sdxoedsr. Marian. 
Sate and Gurtw quaMnd tor umi-Artte 

HM 1: 1, A Walls (GB). 2058MC; ftO 

FPdoriv (USSR). 205ft ft P 
2059: 4. T Sctwtmtar (EG). 215 3: ft J I 
Ftoiiar (BeQ, 2156; ft L Padernn (M 
21.75c TP Snodd* ftfa. 2153; ■ 
Bueette (LfahL 2223. Heal 2: tiA Jawter 
(USSRL 20.72: tSTHW. 20.79: 3. F 
Emmalmann (EGL 2T.1& 4. P BrtaMn 

INoh. 2154: ft P MhMO (Ron. 2MB. 
Ha« 4; 1. J Evers pfe). 2054: 2J V Kiytow 
USSR). 2058: ft P BStra mi. 2050: 4, L 
CunhajPoft 21.19; ft U Wems (Deo). 
2154. TBaaneB (GBL rsttaiL 400m; (tatf 
best tram each samHrtil loo feroupi to 
finaft SmnHtotd ti 1. FT Black teBL 
45^sacft MScharstog(B3L 4ft38;ftA 
Caoti (FiL 4ft6ft 4. E Skanxuh! (WGL 
4551; ft Y QuonWKSJFrL 4658; ft A 
KiraWraiWSaiL 461ft f.K RfeaudW. 
^22; ft P Brown (^48 ; 81 - SuMfaai 
■1. D Radmond (GB). 4555: ft r 
icftoantotH (SSI 454ft- ft/ Sanctror 
(Sol *5.71; 4. RlJitekafWGj. 4ft72:5. 0 
O-fennor (ke). 45.94: ft J vililngar(W®. 
4638: 7. A Kwrito* (USSRL 4ft 4ft ft A 
Vnsatman (NafeL 4ft: 6ft Ante 1.8 Coe | 
(8BL Intel 4450iac 

f iQZTrft VMuravw fUSS RL I05til 
Donueffas (Ban. 10.43; 6. AJte^teH 
1045. Hut 2: j. L Christie H 

A Ktwacs (HoogL 1028; sTT* 

(E®. 1028: OtKdtordffn: IQftfcft M 
Xmrtm (GBL 1029: ft JEnra IWft 
1033; 7. N Yuanmanow ftJSSRL 104ft ft 
J Javier Arouse tSeA. 105*. Ftafc 1. 
Christ*. 10.15aee; ftarln^iiann. 1020: ft 
Marte-floaa. 1021; 4, Schroadar. 1024; ft 
Wart, 1025: ft Kovaes. 1031.400ro(FSrat 
ferae to each hast plua next tour fastest 
many tor samMto£:Haat 1: 1 . R Bteek 
Sbl 4ft40sac; ft AStechaz (SpL 4578: 

■PH ft A Nastaburko (USSR), 
lift* 7. S WWtttear (GB}. 1lji : ft fl 
SatvatKWm- 1153. Haat £ 1. M GMv 




11JK 4. MA. 5. ItoMl 
1T.11: ft Sototarwva. 115 ; 7, Dun. 
1155; ft GaugaL fl28580m aamHtaate 
(tap tow tram each group quality tor fee 

Emmtenam (EQ)5aJft?U mtoroWG) 

WrttetearPoftatei 7. C Camera -pft 

tiLMKoch (EGL Sft^^T^oniteova 

524ft 5 .H SSAT. 5. E 

^ G_ Kto at^^ £K3L 

250.02 (rat* ■ C WachteT* 

252.03. Haat 2r 1. S VtoSnU 
laaZft ftNOtea ranko (USSR). 1^551 
|ft G BusteUann (WGL 15857; 4, L 
■15B5S: ft G 
WP ^jft D Edwards 
PMtojtfa i to d at (Firm low In 
^Maia% tor semMtoaSbti^ra^y 

(Huirt.4ft.40- Hwtft 1. D Radmond tom. 
45.76: 2. H LuatSM (WGL 4558; ft. A 
KdrodtoimniSSRI. 48-l8:4.AC*nt«(Fr)J 
4623:5. AHaros (Sp). 4ft4i:6.GOatonay| 

1257: 4, N 



flraL 4658. HaatftT.T ScboanWroffiSl 
*554: ft R Rfewd OQ. 4659; ftV 
jgf 4SJ7i ft A Kotntow 


, MAmoU (SWtoft 4ft31; 

1:4451: ft S Cram 

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Ufa Wa rote sjte wommra m- 
«8n8.tikM00%toag iumpftaa; Ntan'sSn 

— — " -ft Women's .200 emwJUk 
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THc Vi ivi r-> rRIjL>Ax AuuU^l lit i><>6 


Whitbread in 
final with 
world record 

From Fat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent, Stuttgart 

Any athlete is entitled to 
Teel that breaking a world 
record is the high point of 
their life and career. And 
Fatima Whitbread admitted 
exactly that after her extraor- 
dinary javelin throw of 77.44 
metres yesterday morning 
when she beat Petra Felice's 
year-old record by over two 

But the most prominent of 
Miss Whitbread's observa- 
tions was; “Now that makes 
me number one in Britain." 
which says a lot about the 
impact of Miss Whitbread's 
long-running domestic oppo- 
sition to Tessa Sanderson, the 
previous instalment of which 
was in the Commonwealth 
Games in Edinburgh last 
month when Miss Sanderson 
beat Miss Whitbread for the 
first time in eight meetings 
and two years since winning 
the Olympic title with Miss 
Whitbread third. 

Miss Whitbread did her 
image no favours with the 
histrionic reaction of public 
tears and a statement at Miss 
Sanderson's victory press con- 
ference that she herself was the 
only world-class thrower in 
-the competition. As she re- 
peated yesterday: "I was shat- 
tered to have another gold 
medal snatched away worn 
me. After so much hard work 
over seven years, it just didn't 
seem fair." Well, sport can be 
like that. But now Miss 
Whitbread has finally claimed 
the British and Common- 
wealth record, which Miss 
Sanderson has held for 12 

And she has certainly con- 
firmed that world class cachet 
here with her first throw 
- yesterday on an almost wind- 
; less morning in the Neckar 
Stadium. But one of the pities 
is that Miss Sanderson is not 
here in the competition. And 
there is more than a suspicion 
that Miss Sanderson's advis- 
ers have prevailed upon her 
not to risk her own public 
image after winning in Edin- 
burgh by coming here and 
competing against sterner 
opposition, although the stoiy 
is that Miss Sanderson is 

The other pityy is. if setting 
a world record, can be a pity, is 


High class 
race in 

From Barry Pickthall 

Newport, Rhode Island 

“The difference between this 
race and the last is the same as 
that between chalk and cheese," 
Bertie Reed, South Africa's 
veteran solo sailor, said yes- 
terday as he surveyed the 25 
yachts tied at Goat Island 
Marina ready for the start 
tomorrow of the second BOC 
single-handed round the world 
yacht race. 

“For the first challenge four 
years ago there was only one 
racing boat among the 27 start-, 
ers. This lime we’ve got 20 high- 
tech yachts and it is going to be 
one hell of a race," he added. 

Reed, a former NCO in the 
South African Navy, which 
sponsored bis sailing activities 
aboard two Voortrekkers, fin- 
ished second to the Frenchman, 
Philippe Jeamot, in that last 
race. He has returned this time 
with Stabilo Boss, formerly 
named Disque d'Or 111, Pierre 
Feihmann's Whitbread Round 
the World racer, in the hope that 
this four- year-old Bruce Farr 
design win give the French a 
closer run for their money. 

Alas, though, money is as 
much in demand in a race like 
this as sheer guts and determina- 
tion, and with the America's 
Cup eating into so many cor- 
porate sponsorship budgets 
around the world, BOC compet- 
itors, particularly in America, 
have been haid-pressed to at- 
tract even half the spending 
power available for the leading 

French entrants. Jeamot, who 
has returned with a new 60ft 
purpose-built design, Credit 
Agncole III, to defend his title, 
has a £300,000 budget, with 
more in reserve to replace sales 
and equipment during the latter 

Reed, and John Marlin, his 
fellow South African, who now 
has command of Reed’s earlier 
Voortrekker 11, must make do 
on a fraction of that amount and 
look on with some envy at the 
unique manner in which yacht- 
ing has been turned into a 
professional sport in France. 

The only competitor un- 
moved by ail this high finance is 
Britain's Harry Mitchell. “No, 
I'm totally unsponsored, and 
only got a 10 per cent discount 
on one piece of equipment — but 
then that’s probably because I 
never told anyone I was going to 
do this race,” he said yesterday. 

that it was done in qualifying 
for today's final, in which the 
competition begins again from 

Miss Whitbread's adoptive 
mother, Margaret, who is the 
national women's javelin coa- 
ch. said that she thought that 
Miss Felke. who was second 
best qualifier yesterday, was 
still the favourite. Mrs 
Whitbread, who adopted the 
12-year-old Fatima, after she 
had been put into care from 
her Greek Cypriot parents, 
said: “Fatima is one of the 
most consistent throwers over 
70 metres in the world. But 
Felke is just as consistent at a 
slightly higher level. " Mrs 
Whitbread also revealed that 
much of her and her 
daughter's time during the 
winter months had been taken 
up by visiting and helping 
with therapy on her son, Greg, 
15. who contracted Guillan- 
Barrt* Syndrome, a disease of 
the central nervous system. 

Miss Felke, of East Ger- 
many. said that she had been 
less surprised than Miss* 
Whitbread. “I always thought 
that Fatima had got one or two 
really big throws in her. But I 
still think I can win with 
around 74 metres." 

Linford Christie was the 
subject of an official com- 
plaint yesterday after appear- 
ing on the victory rostrum 
draped in a Union Jack 
following his win in the 100 
metres. The technical delega- 
tion pointed out that the nag 
was against the rules of official 
dress at the victory ceremony. 
But Christie said that, after 
being barracked by the crowd, 
a legacy perhaps of the treat- 
ment being meted out to 
Daley Thompson in his 
decathalon battle against two 
West Germans, he wanted to 
show the crowd that he was 
proud to be British. 

It seemed to be mostly 
schoolchildren who were 
responsible for the jeers and 
whistles which continued for 
Thompson yesterday. But 
when the stadium com- 
mentator reminded the crowd 
of their duty to the guests, the 
reaction turned to largely 
warm and appreciative 


Curtis Cup 



By John Hennessey 

The British Isles women's 
amateur selectors, not surpris- 
ingly, have relied upon the 
Curtis Cup performance in Kan- 
sas earlier this month in choos- 
ing the team for the world 
championships in Caracas, Ven- 
ezuela, from October 14 to 17. 
They have settled on Patricia 
Johnson and Jill Thornhill, of 
England and Claire Hourihane, 
of Ireland. 

If there was a doubt about the 
third member of the team to 
support Miss Johnson and Mrs 
Thornhill, the most successful 
players in the Curtis Cup match 
with four points and three and a 
half points respectively, it was 
surely dispelled by Miss 
Hourihane’s victory in the Brit- 
ish stroke-play championship at 
Blairgowrie last week. The Irish 
player there beat Miss Johnson 
in the first extra bole of a play- 

It must have stood Miss 
Hourihane in good stud that 
the world championships em- 
ploys the same 72-hole format 
as Blairgowrie. The highest of 
the team's three scores is dis- 
carded each day. 

Two other Curtis Cup hero- 
ines, Vicki Thomas, of Wales, 
and Lillian Behan, the Irish 
winner of the British match-play 
championship last year, have 
been nominated as reserves. All 
three members of the British 
Isles team in Hong Kong two 
years ago. Claire Waite. Penny 
Grice and Gillian Stewart, have 
since turned professional. 

The United States, who won 
in Hong Kong for the third 
successive time, have mean- 
while announced their team, 
which includes two of this year’s 
Curtis Cup players, Leslie Shan- 
non and Kathleen McCarthy. 
They are joined by Kay 
Cotterill winner of the United 
States championship two weeks 

Where Curtis Cup form ap- 
plies, the advantage is strongly 
with the British Isles: Miss 
Johnson beat both Miss Shan- 
non and Miss McCarthy is the 
singles in Kansas. Mrs 
Thornhill, partnered by Miss 
Behan, beat Miss Shannon and 
her partner in the foursomes 
and halved with Miss McCarthy 
in the singles. 

The captaincy goes to Mary 
McKenna another success in 


World record for Cooper 

Malcolm Cooper added to bis 
Olympic, European and Nordic 
tides when be won the 300-metre 
World Free Rifle Championship 
at Skouder, Sweden, yesterday, 
breaking his own World and 
European Record by tour points 
(our Rifle Shooting correspon- 
dent writes). 

Shooting fat ideal conditions 

the prone recced at a level which 
even be is going to find dlffi.M.tfy 
in passing in the future. 

The runners-up, Pekkar 
Roppeneo, of Finland, and Giro 
Dubis. of the United States, both 
scored 597, two points better 
than the previous world record 
which Cooper had shared with 
Leski ne a, of Finland, nod 


Becker shows he is learning 
to cope with hard courts 

From Rex Bellamy, Tennis GmespondentNeirYddc 

•* v: . 

The arm of glory: Whitbread's javelin is about to leave on its world record throw J challenger 


Boris Becker, twice Wimble- 
don champion, begrahusecoria 

challenge for the united States 
title by beating Glenn Michibata 
6-2, 5-7, 6-4, 6-2 at E 
Meadow on Wednesday, 
was dismissed by 
Nystrom a year ago but 
since learned a good deal about 
playing on hard courts. He n 
surf learning. On this occasion it 
was often evident that Becker’s 
tactics arose from instant 
thought rather than acquired 

Becker's thinking was not 
always wise, his technique not 
always sound. But his frustra- 
tions were chiefly concentrated 
into the second set, in which 
Michibata served at 5-3. and, 
later, took the set with two 

unhibited cross-court back- 
hands. Ultimately Becker 
needed four match points. Two 
slipped away when he hit fore- 
hands inm the net and 
Michibata saved the third whh a 
forehand down the line that was 
too good for Becker's diving 
volley. Then Michibata tamely 
steered a backhand into the net. 

Becker was eight inches taller 
and 2st 71b heavier, which 
seemed a little unfair on 
Michibata, a confusing Ca- 
nadian in that he has Japanese 
ancestry but does not speak the 
language and lives at a place 
called Islington that could not 
be much further than London. 

Becker said after the match 
that he had trouble finding a 
rhythm with his ground strokes. 
Well, rhythm has never been an 
obvious feature of bis ground 
strokes, but at frost be appre- 
ciates the need to acquire iL 
“New York is my favourite 
city”, Becker added, with that 
familiar, infectious smile. “But 
this is not really a tennis 
tournament — it is more a big 

Ivan Lendl's other obvious 
challenger for the title. Mats 

match with, almost inevitably, 

ME>TS SINGLES: First round: 

England announce 
experienced squad 

Kent are forced 
to experiment 

By Sydney Friskin 

The England squad ot 16 
announced yesterday for the 
World Cup tournament starting 
in London on October 4 is the 
same as the one that defeated 
Belgium last weekend at Bisham 
Abbey. It contains pine mem- 
bers of the British team which 
won an Olympic bronze medal 
at Los Angeles in 1984. 

Colin Whalley, the team man- 
ager, believes that the side, with 
an average age of 264b, is good 
enough to secure a place in the 
semi-finals on October 18, 
describing it as one of the most 
experienced in the world. The 
selectors have called on seven 
members of the 1982 World 
Cup party that finished ninth ax 
Bombay — Taylor, Hurst, Bar- 
ber. Hughes, Dodds, Bhanra 
and Leman. 

English hockey has. of course, 
improved considerably since 
then, and results which include 
a 3-2 victory over The Nether- 
lands in June last year in 
Amsterdam have been hearten- 
ing. However, they lost to both 
The Netherlands and the Soviet 
Union at the Willesden 
quadrangular tournament last 
October before defeating India 
2 - 1 . 

Within the last 15 months 
England have been beaten twice 
by West Germany, at Amster- 
dam and Mulheim. The two 

matches to be played against the 
Germans at Hamburg on 
September 2 and 3 will therefore 
provide crucial tests of 
England's skills and fitness, 
which makes one feel all the 
more that the announcement of 
the World Cup squad might 
have been deferred until after a 
reappraisal of the performances 
against the Germans. 

No England player win find 
the matches at Hamburg more 
demanding than Panl BoHand, 
aged 22. At right back, be will be 
confronted by some of the 
world's strongest and most 
penetrating forwards, fresh from 
their triumph in Karachi where 
they won the Champions Tro- 
phy tournament. 

The England team had an- 
other exercise at Bisham Abbey ; 
on Wednesday night against 
London Indians, whom they 
defeated 4-1. 

Grtrateatn. J Hint {St Atoms). P Baft* 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

runners-up in the by, among others, Cheval who is 
amoionshin last sea- now preparing for his third 

ora world 


MATCHES: v New Zeeland (Oct 4. E 
noonk v Argentina (Oct 6. 2J0J: v Soviet 
Union (OctS, 430)c v Pakistan (pet 11 
Z30) v Netherlands (Oct 13, 4.30). 


Rockets sign Pavelich 

By a Special Correspondent 

With the new season almost 
here, clubs are showing off their 
la lest imports and. naturally, 
looking ahead with optimism. 
As last year, when they recruited 
Garry Unger. Dundee Rockets 
have upstaged everyone with 
another important signing:. 
Mark Pavelich. who was a 
member of the 1980 United 
States Olympic team which won 
the gold medal at Lake Placid. 

Since then, he has had a 
distinguished National Hockey 
League career with New York 
Rangers. Unfortunately. Rang- 
ers are protesting the move on 
the grounds that Pavelich still 
has a year of his contract to run. 
Louis Coie is certain to coach 
the Rockets again and their 
third import is Craig Homola 

Fife Flyers have, replaced Ron 
Plumb with A1 Sims, another 
former NHL defence man. who 
had nine years with Boston. Los 
Angeles and Hanford. And 
Dave Stoyanovitch. the spec- 
tacular slap shooter, is back in 

Durham Wasps, Britain's 

representatives in the European 
Cup. are . keepingMikc 

Whitley Warriors will have 
the brothers Earle. Jim and 
Tom: Biliingham Bombers hope 
for big things from three recruits 
from Ontario College hockey; 
Nottingham Panthers welcome 
back Jamie Crapper and Jim 
Keyes and they will be joined by 
Terry Kurtenbach from Bran- 
don. Manitoba. 

Promoted SolihuJf Barons 
have Joe Meagher, from West- 
ern Ontario, to join the return- 
ing Brad Schnurr and Jay 
Forslund; Sueaiham Redskins 
have retained Craig Melancon 
and signed — Brent Hogan — so 

While Premier Division play- 
off places in the ' Heinekon 
British League will once again 
be hotly contested, the real 

and Swindon together with the 
promotion of Kirkcaldy and 
Medway, three will be relegated 
at the end of the season. 


RRSTOCWSON: Nottingham Forest 4, 
Chariton Athletic 0. 

LTTTLEWOOOS CUP: Rret round, first 
lap Bristol Rovers 1. Reacting ft Oartw 
Couity 0 Chester 1; Exatar City 0, 
Newport Courtly 0: Hansford united 3, 
Swansea City 3. 

SIOX. CUP: ThU roan* AftrtMn 3, 

Ctyde 1: Ayra DundM United 3; CUic3. 
Dunbarton 0; Dundee 1. Montrose 0: East 

0. THng Town 4; RufcCp Mmanor 0, 
FWBnm 3; Saffron MMden 1. Horsham 0: 
Ware 0. South* 0 faeft WhyWeafa 3. 
Marlow 1; WivenhoeiCiajAon 1. WoWng 
2. Bracknell 0. 

Hais Brewary HaMtafc League, OMsfan 
One: Btsnops deem 1. Cnetarham 3: 
Chelten ha m Saracens 1. Badmmton 
Ptckaons 4; O a ncas ter Town 3. Avon 

United 2. Telford 3. 


Sussex County Lamm, DMaton One 
Ctwhastar CKy f, Mkfhurst & Ease 1; 
Halaham Town 1, Pwcehaven & 
TflfscoffliM ft Horsham YMCA i, Hay- 
warts Hssftl; Wick I.AnjnteU. 

Essex County Lugo*, Ssntor Dfrisiot 
Ford 2, East Ham 2. 

Hartford County lam ftilur DL 
vbiora London Cofewy&Cotoeyhfaath 3: 
Potters Bar Crusaders 0, Mount Grace 1; 
Sendndge Rowsrs 2. Rfck Strut 1. 
MkkfcMx Cam* League, DMUm (km 
Brook House 3. Harrow St Mary’s 3; 
HanwaH Tcmn 0. Consantm UM 3: Lucas 
CAV S. Hanworm Vila 1; North Graenfonl 
Utdl.Priahangar Dynamo liTechntcalor 
a Everahed Soc 3. 

Baaktaa Snath MMhndfc LMflon, Pre- 
mier (UvbioiE M ton Keynes Bore 1. 
Leighton Town 1: SMBngwi 1. Eaton 
Bray Utd ft Welwyn .Garden Qty 3. 
HWMWton Town A' Winslow Utd 0. New 
Bradweti St Peter 0. 

Cove Windows Trophy. Brat round. 
Second Mw Ungtard 3. Stafford Town i 
(4-1 motlk Pirton 0, T o n a mno w 0 (0-1 

Corby 2. Sdstafy 1. 

FA YOUTH CUR MMsttne United 1. 
Wbfing United & 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: Rret dMaton: Aston 
war t, No tti ngham Forest & BtscftDu m 
Rovers 0. Sunderland 1: Hid City i 
Coventry City 4; Nawcoatte United 2, 
Manchester United 1. Second cMskme 
B arnsley 5. OvMngton ft Blackpool 2, 
York 1; Bolton Wanderers 1. Grimsby ft 
Huddersfiel d Town 4, Doncaster Rovers 
1: Nods County 0, Wigan AiMedc 3: Port 
Vale 0. Bradford i; Stoke City 3. Preston 
North End 1. 

Hove AUon ft Oxford tinted ft Crystal 
Palace 2, Watford 3; Ipswich 2. Luton 
Town 1. 

be scored 599 out of 600 setting J Muller, of Switzerland. 

AC DELCO CUP: Fket round: Chesham 
United ft Egham Town ft Eastbourne 
Umtedft HMTtdtorchft PttBraffeld United 

CTBrian Butchers Trophy, Grotto B: 
Brechs Sparta ft Ptetone S hrangtne ft 
MK Utd ft Milford Vila 1. 

South-East Cowrites League, OMshw. 
One Chelsea 5. WhemoWtet Ham 3. 
Arsenal ft 

Kent, runners-up in the 
County Championship last sea- 
son. make an early start to the 
new season with games in 
Scotland on the opening two 
days. Having played host to 
Scottish district sides over the 
past few years they will take an 
experimental party north for 
games against Edinburgh at 
Invert eilh on Monday evening 
and Gla^ow at Hughenen on 
Tuesday evening. 

Kent are forced to experiment 
with younger players since 
many members of last season's 
successful team are not avail- 
able. Three are in Australia, 
with the Harlequins while oth- 
ers have not returned from the 
United Slates where Blackbroth 
toured during the summer. 

The Englishmen will remem- 
ber, however, that Edinburgh 
play the touring Japanese on 
September 23. and Monday’s 
match will form an important 
part of tbeir preparations. 

Bodenham, last season's Kent 
captain has retired and his 
replacement has yet to be de- 
cided, though Hursey the lock 
and Blackbroth's new captain 
will be leading in one of next 
week's games. Kent's first 
County Championship game is 
against Eastern Counties on 
October 15, at Askeans, who are 
represented in the touring party 

life ban 

Paaf Griffiths, the Nuneaton 
player, has been banned for life 
by the Warwickshire RFU, who 
are asking the Rugby Football 
Union (RFU) to giro it a 
nationwide extension. . 

Nuneaton barred Griffiths 
from tbeir gronnd for five years 
after he had been involved in a 
scuffle with Graham Smith, the 
Moseley prop forward, during a 
match last April. Smith suffe red 
a bloodied nose in the incident. 
Griffiths was at the match not as 
a player but as a spectator, 
because he was under suspen- 
sion for being sent off against 
Nottingham a few weeks earlier. 

Harry Walker, the Warwick- 
shire president, .said: “He wiD 
never play rngby in this comity 
again. We shall be reporting our 
decision to the RFU at Twick- 
enham and, if they uphold it, 
Griffiths will never again play 
rngby in this country. 

Griffiths, who lives in Bfr- 
mingham, did not appear at the 
disciplinary bearing yesterday. 

pair expected 
to spur crowds 

Jonathan Davies and Nigel 
Melville team up at halfback in 
an International XV which 
meets Ulster at RavenhiU, Bel- 
fast. tomorrow (George Ace 
writes). And that Anglo-Welsh 
partnership will ensure a near 
capacity crowd at the Wrier 

An interesting selection is the 
French centre. Eric Blanc, who 
appeared in an Italian Barbarian 
side during Ulster’s early sum- 
mer tour in Italy and was a key 
figure in Ulster's defeat. 

His centre partner is the 
former All Black, Stuart Wilson, 
while Steve Bain bridge and 
Alan Tomes make for a for- 
midable pairing in the second 

P Lstend (France): S Wtaon (Haw 
E Blanc (Francut M Dwcao 
J OuvtM^flfiateg: NMctvflte 

now preparing for his third 
season of English rugby after 
making an initial impression in 
the powerful Aucklands squad 
in New Zealand. 

Leicester, whose university 
plays host to a three-day coach- 
ing conference beginning today 
and organised by Leicestershire 
as part of their centenary season, 
alro have a tour in mind though 
their plans are due to come to 
fruition next summer. 

In the wake of the inaugural 
World Cup, they propose to tour 
Australia and New Zealand, 
playing six games. Leicester 
visited Australia in 1980 and 
two of their opponents then, 
Queensland and Randwick, will 
meet them next July and Au- 
gust They are also dire to play 
Manly where there former En- 
gland centre. Woodward, is 
living now though Manly have 
moved him to his okl colts 
position of stand-off half 

— » D Osbourne ” — 1 


N war (London 
(BlacMmthL O Hiraey 
Harris (Blackheattil. 

(Btockheaffl}}. G Hamtai 
Cheval (Askeans), J Atkins ( 
Beccetentons). J Greenaway ' 

atone), S — 

Dwyer (Swap). 

hope for 
a recovery 

Schools rngby 
by Michael Stevenson 
Any game of physical contact 
carries the risk of serious injury: 
rugby is no exception. In 1980 
Sean Parry-Jones, head boy, 
captain of cricket and captain of 
rugby at Llandovery College, 
broke his back playing against 
Ampleforth in the Rosslyn Park 

His courage and the support 
of his family and friends illus- 
trate the fact that a hideous 
injury like the one be sustained 
is not necessarily the end. Life 
wfll be very different but it can 
still be rewarding, and be has 
just completed his course in 
History of Art at Reading 
University, where he achieved 
an honours degree. Class 2 (J). 

Llandovery, after last season's 
disappointing results, are hop- 
ing for better things with seven 
of last year's side back, and a 
testing earfy match against 
Christ's Hospital Horsham. 
Wellington School. Somerset, 

toured Canada last Easter, win- 
ning four and losing two 
matches. Nine of the tourists 
return this term, and the master- 
jn-charge, Mike Eastmond. is 
quietly optimistic A month 
before their tour, Wellington 
had entertained St Michael’s 
University School Victoria. He 
wonders if a home and away 
match on different continents 
within a month is a “rugby 

Bradford Grammar School 
have most of last year's success- 
ful side back, and Geoff 
Wappett, their master-la- 
charge. believes that “our pack 
will be the biggest and most 
mobile we have had for years." 
The side will be captained froni 
scrum halfby John Hamer and a 
new fixture will , be played 
against Wfrral Grammar- 
School . Royal School,’ 
Dungannon, following an excit- 
ing 7-7 draw last year, will again 
visit Bradford GS. 

Austin JesMp, master-in- 
charge al The Leys. Cambridge, 
who expects much improved 
results after a disappointing 
season, could be described as a 
dedicated rugby man.. In addi- 
tion. to coaching The Leys, be 
assists with the Gunbittige 
University k coaching and East- 
ern Counties Under- 18s. One 
wonders where he finds time to 
teach and fulfil his duties as a 
housemaster. ‘ 

Wi lander, was aho taken to four 
sets— by the strongly built Todd 
Nelson, who was born in Ore- 
gon but settled in California 

Wrffit ■VvlUH 


■ «l I I } >l 1 J.4, ! f MM. | ! 4 1 

*1 1 1 | I 1 ! 1 iiiWMm m I 'j » 



Croft. Jo Dune, Sara Gomer 
and Jeremy Bates. Only Jonas 
Svensson, of Sweden, who is 
good but not very good, stood 
between Bates and a third round 

Tumtaul (Aus) M D van 
6. 8-4. 6-1: G SMatirt 

3, 6-4; M van Nostrand. MG Kira. 4-8. 7-6, 
64; ESrayM (Au*)M L McNad. 6-7. 7-5 , 7 


FA hearing Barnet top 
for claim table for 
on Robson first time 

Ted Ookcr, the FA secretary, 
wifi be happy to consider a 
compensation claim from Man- 
chester Untied over Bryan 
Robson's sboalder isjnvy. But 
Croker made it dear it will be op 
to the FA'S msmera to decide 
whether they are able to meet 
United'S £12,00® demand. 

“It dapsnd s when the fatfnry 
originated," said Croker. “We 
expect to receive details of any 
players injured playing for En- 
gland. All legitimate chins wfll 
he pursued with our insurers. 
That's why we pay such huge 
premiums." . 

United have first hand ev- 
idence that fee system works. 
“United were totally com- 
pensated by the FA inthc case of 
Steve Coppell who was anahle to 
play again fMIowmg the World 
Oq finals in Spitin." . 

Robson's shoulder was first 
injured in January 1985 when be 
was out for seven weeks after fee 
game against Coventry City. 
Fourteen ssonfes later fee shoul- 
der was dislocated again early in . 
a FA Cup tie at west Ham 
United — and Rofrsou went to 
the World Cap wife a special 
p r otec ti ve brace. He played in 
the opening game against Por- 
tugal, but was led « after 38 
mutates of the second match 
aaainst Morocco. 

Martin Edwards, fee United 
chairman, claims that if Robson 
had returned home Immediately 
for an operation he could have 
been fit for the start of the 
season. He is mtifludy to play 
before Saturday week — sand 
United feel fee FA shoold be 
responsible for bis wages until 

Rush faces 
FA probe 

The Livorpooi forward, Ian 
Rush, was charged by the Foot- 
ball Assoc i ation yestmday after 
Ms sending-off for dissent at fee 
end of fee Bank Hobday match 
against Manchester City. 

. Rush allegedly swore at fee 
referee as the teams were leaving 
the pitch. He was reported to the 
FA for nslng foul and ab us iv e 
lang u age and baa 14 days to 
request a personal hearing. 

The En g hmd def e n d e r, Terry 
Butcher, was recently fined 
£1,000 after be i n g found guilty 
of a similar offence. Although he 
threa tene d to appeal the FA 
Disciplinary secretary, Eric 
Dtonie, said: “We have just 
received a letter from Butcher 
accepting fee punishment and 
fee line has been paid." 

Rash Is being dealt wife under 
fee same rale, which covers 
things like insulting and im- 
proper behaviour towards fee 
referee. If found guilty he could 
be suspended or fined, or both. 

Charlton finds 
no room 
for O’Leary 

David O'Leary, Arsenal's 
central defender, has been omit- 
ted by the Republic of Ireland 

manager. Jack Chariton, for the 

in Brussels on Septemberl^™ 
■ Charlton defended Ms de- 
cision to leave out O'Leary who 
has won 40 caps for his country 
botmksed the two-match trip to 

Iceland in May. M I have plenty 
of cover hi fee heart of my 
defence,** he said. 

Kerin Sheedy, who scored 
twice for Evertoo against Not- 
tingham Forest last Saturday, is 
another surprise absentee. 
gqAtt ■» twoWto.0 Peytrai 
ff***"h . J _ AnUs rawM (H sw crnm s 
UbUM), 4 .BeaHn (Ltwmoen. M 

Noo-Leasne football 
by PaafNewman 

Followers of the GM 
Vauxhall Conference - last 
season's Gaia League - are used 
to seeing the leadership in the 
hands- of dubs from North 
London. Enfield, champions in 
1983 and 1986, have enjoyed 
consistent success and in recent 
seasons neighbouring 
Weakfstone. who won the tide 
in 1985. have challenged tbeir 

Yet when the leadership re- 
turned to the 'capital’s northern 
suburbs this week more than a 
few eyebrows were raised. Bar- 
net, perennial stragglers, have 
made their best start for several 
seasons and by beating Maid- 
stone United 3-1 on Monday 
went to the top of the table for 
the first time since becoming 
founder members of the league 
seven years ago. 

The attendance at Underhill 
was a remarkable 2,140, the 
highest in. the league for two 
seasons and a 300 per cent 
improvement on Barnet’s av- 
erage gate last seasotLThe match 
provided Barry Fry, Barnet's 
manager, with “the result I have 
most wanted in IF years of 

Last January, Fry resigned as 
manager of Barnet after six 
difficuh years, and took over at 
Maidstone. However, after little 
more than a year at the Kent 
dub, during which his squad 
was plagued by injuries. Fry was 
relieved of his team duties and 
promptly resigned. When the 
chance came to rgoin Barnet at 
the end oflast season be jumped 
at iL 

“Although there’s no bitter- 
ness between myself and the 
people at Maidstone I have to 
say I relished beating them," be 

atmosphere is so different from 
my previous spell, when we had 
constant financial problems. 

“There was so little money 
that' 1 had to act as manager, 
groundsman, secretary and bar- 
man. There were times, when I 
was embarrassed to speak to the 
players because they hadn't 
been paid. 

“Stan Rastaman's arrival as 
chairman has changed all thaL 
The debts are cleared, we have a 
full-time groundsman and all I 
have to do is concentrate on 
team affairs. We've got a 20- 
strong squad and 1 no longer 
have to scrape the bottom of the 
barrel every rteek to get a learn 

Two stalwarts of Fry's former 
reign at Barnet, sweeper Kevin 
M iHen and goalkeeper Kevin 
Blackwell have rejoined, the 
dub and other signings include 
Gary Roberts, the former Brent- 
fora winger, and iheforwsdrd. 
Keith Alexander, from Ket- 
tering Town. 

Banter are hoping to become 
the first Conference dub to/win 
automatic promotion to the 
fourth division. - 

"Everything is geared to going 
into the League, although oar 
priority this, season is to 
entertain.” Fry said. "Football 
has got such a bad name recently 
that we fed we must moke a teal 
effort to bring in the crowds. We 

hope that success comes along 
with ft,"- 

• Maidstone have agreed to seU 
tbeir London Road stadium to 
MFI/Atlied Carpets for develop' 
mem as a retail warehousing 
'centre^ subject to ptanningper- 
mission. The dub plan to move 
to -a new stadium in the town 
within two years. 

+ John Pratt, dismissed as 
Tottenham Hotspur’s assistant , 
manager in May. has jpin« 1 
Walthamstow Avenue / 
(Vauxhall -Opel League) as * 








s television and radio programmes and Elizabeth Larard 

jjO Ceefax AM 

630 Breakfast Tima with Sue 
Cook and Guy 
Mfchebrore. Weather at ' 

635, 7.2S. 7J&, &2S and 
<36: regional news, ■#. 
weather and traffic at 637, 
737. 737 and BJJ; 
national and internatio na l 
news at 730. 730.830! 
830 and 830; sport at ' 
730 and 830; pop music 
news at 738; and a review 
of the morning 
news ^ ers a t837. Plus, 

!,S ! ! "‘‘i' Christian's best weekend 

r . .vji, food buys; and Anne 
*.* . Robinson's television . 


•,•*■1^820 Laurel and Hardy. Cartoon 
IS- series. <rj935aKe.(r) 

(Ceefax) ‘ ■ 

V-->l.* 850 Newsround Special 

Defivery.PhiKp Schofield 
presents the final 

T? *>r roadshow. 835 The "" 

•i. ' Adventure* of BuBwinMe 



S.15 ODodlaombn Britain 
presented by Arme 
Dwnond and Adrian 
Brown, with guest Russe* 
■ S™"** ** astrologer. 
New$.wtti Gordon 
WonsvoQrrtM « 830,738 
7J0. 800. 830 and 930; 
Sport at 6.40 and 740; 
exarCTes at cartoon 
« 72; pop music at 73ft 

.sssssscv . 

845 Wecedav presented by - 
Timmy hfefiett. with 
./ special guest Tommy 

'.V rrrs’s-^ 

• it’s probably Just - 
imagmanlon. Or wishful thinking. 
On tho other hand, ft might 

a be happening. Judge for 
tonightas you watch 

<BBC1 . 10.i5pmj, a cutdown 
version of test Monday's Spanish. 
Night at the Royal Abort H& 

The impression I've got is that 
the QmBus team are getting 
to grips with the problem of how 
to present classical music on 
h ds vis ion without causing the 
purists to grind their taeih. 

You know the sort of thing I 
mean: the th roo s ec o nd 
camera shot every time ihe drum 
is bashed, the reflected 


ThatsomeooB is carefuly going 
through the score and 
deciding. weD in advance of the 
perfbrrrance. how to avoid 

approach to art, -with Tony 
Hart Joanna Kiri* and 

Cofin Bennett <i>1&2S 
^ - The Adven t ure s of 

Btdhrfnkto and Rocky. 

§ssp ,mqp,w 

i> 12 News After Noon with 
Moira Stuart and Frances 
' ■ ■ . t .*>■ Coverdale. includes news 

■ i* T v -7 headlines with subtitles 

V",* S’V ■ ■ 1.25 Regional news. * 

‘ : Weather. 130 Hofcey . . 

Cokey, A See-Saw 
programme.for the very 

r/ I s : ^ : ; 1.45 Sta!423 Regional 

> ‘ News.. 

>'5c430 Wait TB Your Father Gets 
• Home. Harry is persuaded 
M.r' SS' -to take his ramify and 

neighbour Ralph to New 
’ Yoric on a business trip. 
•■weVNi 1: 4.50 HtedL (r) 5.10 

C; V :: ( 8O0 News with Sue lawtey and 

■1.. .-.if Nicholas Wrtchefl. 

'„■;£> . ‘ Weather. 

■« ..-*.** 835 London Phis. 

730 Wogan-Terty Wogan’s ' 

.** * k 



1 ' bfaringU® 

,nr claim tall 
on Robson fire. 

James, of the 1970s 
comedy show The Liver 
Birds; TV vet Bruce Fogle, 
presenter of Pet Watch; 
popular scientist Lyal 
Watson, author of 
Supemature; and singer 
Qeo Lain®. who will be 
singing 'Crazy Rhythm'. 

935 Thames news haadfines, * 
followed by Cartoon Tlntel 
840 Fflm: Hide and Seek* 

? Q963)Stamng lan . 

CarmJchaeL A comedy- • 

- - ' * thriller aboute British . 

' professor who becomes- : 
■ - involved .in espionage-aher 

- . aRusslan friend 

^pbappeareat a London 
chess tournament . . 

_ Directed by Cy Endfiekt 
112 Wattoo Wattoo. Cartoon 
1130 About Britain. The 
poet Robert Bu 

Balter Hafl as Nnoa: 
oumef 4, 1230am 

US Open University- - . 

Commurfty. Education ki 

- Bteteat730 Weekend . 
„ OuftoofuEnds at 72. 

; 82 Ceefax 

430 XIV European Athletics 

Wgftiy-potished tuba, ihe 
showing of the see-sawing of 
cello bows merely because it ' 
makes a pretty ptcture. I am not ’ 
ctaimlng tor cWreBus that it . 
has elimin a ted those sectional 

made intere s ting by 

„ . McCartney talks to 

'Ctl Richard Skinner about his 

1 career. The prtnreihme 
. . features recixdmgs of 

McCartney and his band, 
; Rcv Wings, and the first 

televising of a film of the 
Beatiesworking In the 
Abbeyffoad studios in the 
;; early 1900s. 

: \ tk15 nhK' The Dhty Dozen - 
- The Next Mission. (1985) 

' Starring Lee Marvin. A 
'Second World War film, 

^ sequel to the 1967 

original, about an 
American army major one 
mission to execute a high- 
ranking German officer . 
accompanied by a team of 
twelve ruthless 01 . 

* :r convicts. Directed by 

■ - Andrew V. McLaglen. ' 

(Ceefax) (Continue after, 
the news.) 

.830 Nears with Jida SoniervMe 
and Nicholas WHchefl. 
Regional news and 

1230 to Democracy Working?. 
An examination of 
television's influence on 

130 News at One. 12 
Thames news. 

12 Ftac M's A Wonderful - 
World. (1956) Starring . . 
George Cole and Terence 
Morgan. A British comedy- 
. musical about the efforts 
of two Impoverished 

songwriters to break kito 
. the world of pop music. 
Directed by VafGuest. 

330 Take the High Road. 
Drama seriaiset in the 
Scottish highlands. 32 
. Thames news. 32 Sana 
and Daughtsra. 

430 Rainbow. A repeat of the 
, pro^armne shown at 
noon. 4.15 The Moomirta. . 
Cartoon series. 42 
Scooby Doo. Cartoon. 

430 Your Mother Woukfnt 
U8e It Junior Television 


. show with music. 

5.15 Blockbusters. Quiz show 
for teenagers. 

c jk Nimite 

630 The S CClocfc Show. A : 

new series of magazine 
shows hosted by lUcheel 
AspeL . 

845 European Athlotic* 
Championships. Jim 
Rosenthal reports. 

72 Bruce FbrayuYs Play Your 
Cards Right New series ' 
of game shows. 

72 FBm: Skyway To Death 
(1974) Starring Ross 
Martin and Stefanie 
Powers. A disaster story, 
produced for tele v is i o n. 
about an aerial tramway 
which comes to a halt 
- 3,000 feet above sea level - 
on its return trip from a 
mountain station. Directed 

, *1*4 ^ - - t M — 1 

Pj wuon nessw. •• B 

930 To Have arid to Hold. New 
. .. . drama series about the 

Desmond Lynam . 
i ntro du c e s toe Pole Vault 
Final; the Heptathlon; 
Woman's JavaOn Firtat 
Men's Long Jump Final; 
Man's 200-metres Final; 
Women's 200-metres 
. Rnak Women's 10O- 
‘ metres Hurdtes Final; 

' 3.000-metres 

■ - . Steeplechase Final; Men's 
400-metres Final; Men's 
. 10300-metres. 

82 Gardeners* World. Geoff 
Hamfiton and Clay Jones 
: visit the gardenof Margery 

> ■ • . Butterworth at 

- Motoorough, near 

. Sheffield- After taking 
early retirement due to M- 
. health. Margery converted 
a wUemaes of cow 
pasture and weeds into a 
' prize-winning garden. It 
took her five years and 
about £200 to create a 
woodland walk, courtyard, 
herb garden, cottage 
garden and six vegetable 

930 Stybiusfc. Steve Race 
chairs another lighthearted 
musical knowledge show, 
ht which Frank Muir and 
John Amis chaBenge 
Denis Norden and ten 

92 The Healng Arts. The final 
part of the series 
examines the relationship 
* between mind and body, ft 
features Penny Baton, 
acupuncturist and heeler, 
a tong-term survivor of 
cancer, who helped to 
found the Bristol Cancer 

- Clinic, which uses 
unorthodox methods of 
treatment; and Dr 

E. F. Benson, a Boston 
scientist who developed 
. .relaxation techniques for 
lowering blood pressure. 
102 Newsnight The latest 
national and international 
news including extended 
coverage of one of the . 
main stories of the day. 

With Peter Snow. Donald 
O'Leary. , 

1135 Weather . . 

11.10 The Rockford FBee, 

- starring James Gamer, as 

- private eye Jim Rockford. 

. (r) Endegt.1236. . 

22 Cbanoal 4 Racing Iroce 
Sandown. John Qakaay 

J Tarry _ 

Ramadan BSss NancBcep 
Stakes CLSSk Me andSv 
Girl Stakes 035* Gian 
iwe ma tlonteSaiario 
&akas (3L40); and the 
BBAAtalanta Stakes 

42 fcr npe w Athtodce 
Championships- Jkn 
Rosenthal Introduces Rva 
coverage from Stuttgart 
West Germany. 

>2 SoM8ooL Guests tttie 
week are the Gfcson 
arotnars, cow Notts mo 
Dr York. 

02 The Chad Show. A 
comprehensive guide to 
the pop music charts. 

730 ChvwmMNew*. Weethar 

72 Book Choice. Sir Claus 
Moser. Chainnan of 
Covent Garden Opera, 
discusses Opera Today, a 
new study by Melron and 
Susie Harries. 

82 Whet the Papers Say. 
John Lloyd, newly- 
appointed editor of the 
New Statesman, reviews 
the week's papers. 

8.15 Bandung FeeA topical 

wood fartoe trees. Another 
factor that might be encouraging 
me to watch these Omnfous 
recordings of the Proms is that 
they feature JaneGBoveras 
prwenter. Having a practising 
musieten to talc music is not 
always a guarantee of success, 
but in her case, the poficy 
pays rich dividends. - 

• Robert Altman's Secret 
Honour (Channel 4. 12.00am) has 
Philip Baker Hafl projecting 
the imagined thoughts of me 

( Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. Stereo on VHS oil i 
MS Shipping. 830 News Briefing: 
Weather. 6.10 Famtog. 


92 News. 645 . 

Business News. 635, 72 
Weather. 730, 830 
News. 72, 635 Sport 745 

Thought for the Day. 835 

843 A Night to Remember 
(final episode of the 
THenic story). 857 Weather. 

830 News. 

80S Desert I sla nd Discs. Ste n 
Baistow in conversation 
with Michael Parkinson fr) 

845 ULould Say So. With I 

Michael Wafiams as 
Robb waton (2) The Saloon. 
1800 News: Intsmamnai 
Assignment BBC 

correspondents report from 
around the work! 

102 Morning Story: Harry by 

Alton and Afro<teribt>ean 
autfianeas, with national 
a nd inter na tional news 
reports. Tonight three 
Aston ntWonaires talk 
aboutlhelr Brea and about 
how they run their 

800 The Cosby Show. 

American comedy series 
about an ob s tetrician and 
his famfiy. C8ff cxxnes to 
the end of an exhausting 
week of deNvaring babies, 
and is unable to find any 
peace at home. Starring 

92 What Do Those Old HhM 
Mean? The last in the 
series which examines 
early flbns of dtiferant 
countries in the htotorical 
! and social context in which 

they were made, traces 
the development of 
dnema m France, where 
rwficsi and populist - 
attitudes, which are 
reflected in the bocks of 
. .VictorJiugo and EmJte ' 
Zoto, were the main 
Influence on film- mak ing. 
102 The Golden OMe. 

American comedy aeries 
about four women who 
share a houre to Mtomi 
' Beach, Fkxkla. 

402 «udgte. 1 n 1 Hs week's r 

Reader Elizabeth Proud. 
1046 DaSy Service (New Every 
Morning, page 71) (s). 

112 News: Travel; Space For 
Living. Alun Lewis 

discusses the hazards of 
putting a space station 


112 Natural Selection: 

Stoddart Down Under. 

With Professor Michael 

122 News; Does He Take 
Sugar? For disabled 
listeners and their femfles. 

■ Todays- a visit to 


1237 The MWon Pound Radio 
Show. A lucky Bstener 
«vfl receive one mMon 


1.40 The Archers. 12 

22 MwKlSoman’s Hour. 

The Basque refugees 
who married in wales. 

32 News: The Tortoise and 
the Hare by Elizabeth 
Jenfcrs, dramatized in three 
parts by Hatlam 
Tennyson (3). With Maureen 

42 News. WW ’ 

42 Film of the Book. 

Christopher Cook on the 
movie version of 
Withering Heights. 

42 Kaleidoscope. Last 
night’s edtion. includes 
comment on Aide in 

- — -E d i n bu rgh ( r) . . ■ 

disgraced Presktent Nticon. ft 
» a one-man show that does not 
depend on impersonation for 
its impact, but on a script (by 
Donald Freed and Arnold 
St«») that looks beyond Nixon 
to the wider world of 
corruptive power 

• Best on radio tonight 
Marian Foster’s demythologlzing 
Calamity Jane (Radio 4, 

830pm) concentrates on the big 
secret in the frontiers- 
woman's Ms, the totters She 
wrote ( but never sent) to the 
daughter who never 
suspected that her mother was a 

Wild West legend. A first-rate 

documentary, and very moving-. 
Goldoni's rom a nti c comedy 
Mrendo&ite (Radio 3. 930pm) is 
feather-fight, and I was 
pleasantly tickled by it 

Peter Davalle 

530 PM. News magazine. 

52 Shipping. &55 . 

West har 

62 News; FtaancW Report. 

62 Watsrtnes. Events InVon 
or under water. With CUfr 
Micheimore and DIRy Bvlbw 
72 News. 1 

?2 The Archers. 

72 Pick of the Week. 

Margarat Howard with 

highlights of the past week's 
pro gra mme s on BBC 
radio and television (sL 

82 Calamity Jane. Marian 
Fastar looks bahsid tha 
Hotiywood image of the 

84$ Devon Journeys. The last 
of Tom Salmon's 
journeys. Down to Plymouth. 
82 Letter From America by 
Alistair Cooke. 

845 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
c omme nt on the new 
Alan Bleasdale TV play The 
Monoded Mutineer. 

1815 A Book At Bedtime: 

Academic Year (S). Read 
tw Michael Deacon. 102 

182 The Worid Tonight 
11.15 The Rnancisl World 

112 AspectsoftheFringe. 

Songs and sketches 
from the Edi nburgh Festival 
Fringe, fs). 

122 News; WMttior.t22 

Suite: the suite From 

Meadow to Mayfair; and 
Green HWsuf Somerset 
with Joan Hammond). 
German (Richard II 
overture, and RoBIng Oown 
to Rio, with Peter 

1030 Northern SlnfontolundBr 
Seaman). Arriaga (Happy 
Slaves overture). Strauss 
(Ariadne auf Naxos 
prehide and dance scene), 
Arnold (Larch Trees). 


Kathleen Livingstone and 
Neil Mackle. with John 

of Five Sonnets}, and 
Christopher Brown 
arrangement of A-courting 

1145 Hmdernfchand 
Stravinsky: Esther 
Glazer {violin), Martin Jones 
(piano). Hindemith 
(Sonata in E fiat Op n No 
1), Stravinsky (Duo 

12.15 Pied Piper. David 

Munrow on the Enigma 
Variations, and some 
portraits by Richard 

122 Concert BBC 

Ph a n a rmomc (under 
Ppwnes). Part one. Durufto 
(T ro Hdans es. Op 6}. 

12 Concert fcontd): 
(Symphony No 2) 

ZOO Scarlatti Sonatas: Melvyn 
Tan (harpsichord). The G 
minor Kk31. the C minor 
Kk230, the C major Kk 
231. the F minor Kk 50. the C 
minor Kk 48 and the C 
major Kk 49 

22 Vienna PMharmonie 
(under Boskovsky end - 

Josatte Simon, David 
Warner. Michael Aldridge. 
Stratford Johns. 

102 Vivaldi; PureeB Quartet 
play the Trio-Sonata in F 
major. R V 68; Manchester 
Sonata No 12. and Trio- 
Sonata in G major, RV71 
112 SyrinxRoussei 

{Serenade. Op 30). Derek 
Bourgeois (Quintet Op 90), 
and Villa-Lobos (Quintet). 
1137 News. 122 

( Radio 2 

Do medium wave. Stereo on 

News on the hour (except B2 
pm). Sports Desks 12 pm, 232, 
3 3 2, 432. 535. 802, 845 (mf 
only), 858 Cricket Scoreboard 
72 pm. Tennis: US Open at 
1132 pm, 1235 am. 

42 am Conn Berry. 52 Ray 
Moore. 72 Niaaf Dempster. 82 
Ken Bruce. 112 Jimmy Young 
(ind legal problems answered by 
Bid Thomas). 1.05 pm Gerald 
Harper. 235 Annoka Rice. 32 
David Hairatton. 52 John 
■ Dunn (kid European Athletics 
Championships from Stuttgart 
1500m semi-mats and 200m 
finals). 72 Hubert Gragg. 72 
Music From The Moviea. (Bryan 

Forbes and Nanette NawmanL 
830 Cinema Scrapbook. CMe 

Munchnger). Rezrxcek 
(Donna Diana overture). 
Schubert (Symphony No * 

VHF (avaJIaSlein England andS 
Wales only) as above except 535- 
B2 am Weather; Travto. 805- 
102 Cat’s Whiskers (s). 135-22 
pm Listening Corner. 52855 
Wl (continued), 

( Radio 3 

Pro gra mme s on VHF/FM and 
835 O^en University. Until 

855 Weather 72 News 
72 Concert: Tubm (Kratt 
ballet suite), Mussorgsky 
fiouvenk d’enfancexjteved 

32 Beethoven: Frank) 

(piano). Pauk (violin) and 
IGrshbaum(ceSo). violin 
Sonata in G major. Op 2 
No 3: Piano Tno in D major. 
Op 70 No 1 

42 Choral Evensong: from 
the Scottish Episcopal 

Church of St John the 
Evangelist Edinburgh. 

855 News 

52 Mainly tor Pleasure: with 
Geoffrey Norris 
62 Guitar music: Esteban 
Camouzano. isso 

performances at tha 1966 
Havana Guitar 
Competition. Works by via- 
Lobos, Weiss. Segovia. 
Brouwer and Giuhani 
72 Aunt May and the Biues: 
Robert Lee talks to John 
Wideman. Professor of 
' .English and Creative 
Writing. University of 

| Katty with exoerpts from 1969 
Mms. 800 The Organist Entertains 
Augel Ogden). 102 VHam 

Teusky conducts Lengham 
Orchestra. 102 Hinge end 
Bracket 112 Peter Dickson's 
Nightcap. 12am Stove 
hWgsn. 33042 A Uttie Night 

C Radio 1 ) 

52 am Adrien John. 72 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show. 92 
Simon Bates. 112 Radio 1 
Roadshow with Mike Reed ht 
Southsea. 122 pm Newsbeat 
(frank Psnrktoe. 1245 Gary 
Davies. 32 Bsve Lae Travto. 

52 Newsbeat (Frank Partridge). 
845 Singled out With Janice 
Long *na guest*. 72 My Top Tea 
Tins Turner talks to Andy 
Peebles. 62 Andy Peebles. 1030- 
122 The Friday Rock Show. 


Prokofiev (Violin Concerto 
No 2: Heifetz/Boston 
SO). 800 News 
805 Concert (cored): Bach 
(Concerto in A minor, 

BWV 593: Jacob, organ), 
Stravtnsky (Capricoo, 
with Beroff, piano). Ravel 
(Three poems of 
Mali arms: Gomez (soprano), 
SibeTws (Th8 Oceanides). 

92 News 

92 This Week's Composers: 

Eric Coates and Edward 
- German. Coates (M iniature • 

7285m, -1 089*cHz/275m; Radto2 


72 Proms 2. London 
PhKhannonic (ureter 
Haitink), wkh Murray Perahia 

Beethoven (Piano Concerto 
No 3) 

805 Musical Times Past Fritz 
Spiegl with music of the 
last century 

825 Proms (continued): 

Strauss (Bn HektonMwn 
symphonic poem) 

820 Mirando&na: Goldoni's 

.play, adapted by Roy 

kift. With a cast incJobino 

Rwflo 3: 1215kHz/247m:VHF-90- 

m: VHF 973; Capital: 1548kHz/194m: VHF953; BBC fladto Lontero 

I : 

Victory so sweet 
as Coe puts 
Cram in shade 

Sebastian Coe is an 800- 
meires champion at last With 
a perfectly judged race from 
the back of the pack, shadow- 
ing Steve Cram until the 
moment came to strike off the 
last bend, Coe triumphantly 
won the European title at the 
third attempt, after two pre- 
vious silver medals. 

A month before his 30th 
birthday, his victory was the 
sweeter for being achieved at 
the expense of the man re- 
garded, currently, as unbeat- 
able Indeed, Cram was 
pushed into third place by 
young Tom McKean, who 
achieved a personal best, and 
there must now be doubts 
about Cram's recovery from 
recent muscle problems. He 
seemed to be in pain in the 
tunnel after the race which 
questions his ability to defend 
his 1,500 metres title. 

A euphoric Coe said after- 
wards the misfortunes and the 
misjudgmems of the past eight 
years are melting away: “It’s 
ait I’ve ever wanted!" Those 
five words said so much, for 
his failures at this distance — 
at which he holds the world 
record — have weighed heavily 
in spite of ah the other 

Though be had won the 
EuropaCupof 1979 and 1981 
at 800 metres and also the 
World Cup in 1981, he has 
long felt wretched that he 
might have to retire without 
ever having proved himself in 
a championship. To do so at 
30 is exceptional 

It was another miserable 
day. The sky was a uniform 
grey above the green hills 
surrounding the stadium, and 
the three British runners re- 
turned from the warm-up 
track unrecognized beneath 
the hoods of their tracksuits as 
late arrivals at the stadium 
passed them outside. Peter 
Coe, who had been giving a 
few last words of encourage- 
ment, said as his son dis- 
appeared towards the dressing 
room: “He’s in the best shape 
he can be against a man who 
has all the aces — those five 
extra races in Edinburgh, four 
years in age and no illnesses. 
We'll see."- 

From David Miller, Stuttgart 

All the seats in the stadium 
were full the crowd huddled 
beneath umbrellas, though "the 
rain eased as the runners 
stripped off for the start 
Strangely there was not a 
single East German in the 
field. Coe was drawn on the 
inside, which no runner likes 
in this race. “It gives you all 
the disadvantages,** he said, 
“because if you go off too fast 

Christie upsets 

Stuttgart (Renter) - Linford 
Christie, of Britain, the newly- 
crowned 100 metres cham- 
pion, was reprimanded at the 
European champ ions hips yes- 
terday after receiving his gold 
medal draped in the Union 

A letter to the British team 
management from the Euro- 
pean Athletic Association 
(EAA) said it was “against the 
rules” for Christie to have 
appeared wearing the flag 
around his shoulders. 

Les Jones, Britain's assis- 
tant team manager, said: "We 
are being penalized for being 
patriotic.” The letter said the 
fig hid Christie's “official 
clothes” and went on: “ We are 
forced to warn the athlete and 
the British team management 
to take care not to repeat such 
objections to the rules.” 

you can find yourself in the 
lead at the lane-break when 
you don't want to be, in the 
middle of the field you can get 
boxed and if you hang back 
you can get out of touch.” He 
is not likely ever to foiget his 
error in Moscow. 

At the end of the first bend 
Braun, the home favourite, led 
from Droppers, the Dutch- 
man, Collard, of France, and 
Kalinkin. of the Soviet Union. 
Going into the second bend 
Coe was seventh, ahead of the 
Pole, Ostrowski, and keeping 
his eye on Cram. 

Coming down the home 
straight for the first time 
McKean had taken up third 
place ahead of Collard, with 
Coe sticking close on the heels 

ofCram. At the bell it was still 
Braun at the front from 
Droppers. Into the third bend 
Cram made as if to accelerate, 
but momentarily found him- 
self boxed, and Coe had to ran 
wide almost into lane three so 
as not to get barged. This gave 
Cram room to make his move. 
Down the back straight they 
were fourth and fifth behind 
McKean, and on the crown of 
the last bend all three British 
runners swept to the front past 
the West German and 

Coming into the final 
straight Cram had moved 
wide to go past McKean, but 
then, 90 metres from the tape, 
Coe produced that renowned 
trick. His training has been 
going as well as he thought. 
Changing down a gear he 
accelerated past Cram, took 
McKean with about 50 metres 
to go and held his rhythm to 
win by a stride. 

Behind him Cram had been 
labouring, his shoulders roll- 
ing and with none of the poise 
he had shown as recently as 
last week in Birmingham. 

Coe said afterwards: “At the 
bell I felt optimistic. When the 
break hadn't come with 300 
metres logo I felt able to relax 
for the next 100 metres. I 
knew I could only lose now if 
my own form went in the 
finishing straight. At 200 me- 
tres to go, I was into my 
favourite territory.” 

In that memorable last lap, 
the splits were 52 seconds for 
400, 37JB for 300, 24.7 for 200 
and 12.4 for 100. The times of 
Britain’s medallists were, 
respectively: lmin 44.50sec, 
lmin44.61sec, lmin 44.88sec. 

A dearly dispirited Cram 
said afterwards that he would 
not be able to say anything 
about the condition of ms calf 
problem until the morning. 
“When I didn't have the 
strength to get past Tom 
coming off the final bend I 
knew I was unlikely to be able 
to beat Seb. I've not been 
feeling at full strength since I 
came hoe, the way 1 was three 
or four weeks ago. I tried to go 
earlier in the race, but on the 
day 1 wasn't good enough”. 

Black and Redmond ready 
to add to British success 

Zola BudtTs brave attempt 
to run the legs off her 3,000 
metres opponents in pouring 
rain last night was washed 
away on the last lap as she was 
passed, first by Olga 
Bondarenko, the eventual 
winner, and then by the 
Olympic champion, Maricica 
Puica, who finished second 
Miss Budd's faltering hopes of 
at least a medal were lost in 
the last 50 metres when her 
colleague Yvonne Murray 
swept past to take the bronze 

From Pat Butcher, Stuttgart 

Roger Black and Derek 
Redmond are poised to add to 
the already extraordinary suc- 
cess of British athletes in the 
men’s track event at these 
fourteenth European 

In their different ways. 
Black and Redmond both 29 
years old dominated the 400 
metres semi-finals yesterday. 
Black employed his 
characteristic charge out of the 
blocks, putting the pressure on 
himself and his opponents 
right from the start As in his 

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heal, he was able to ease up in 
the straight when comfortably 
■ in the lead and he still 
recorded 45.33 sec in winning 
the first semi-finaL But Phil 
Brown was last in 46.61sec. 

Redmond, aware that the 
cold weather could cause 
problems to the hamstring 
which he has injured twice this 
season, took it much easier at 
the start But with one of the 
favourites, Thomas Schdolebe 
in the lane outside him, 
Redmond very deliberately 
closed the gap by the end of 
the back straight and looked 
more comfortable than he has 
done since his comeback from 
his latest injury. He tod was 
able to cruise down the 
straight, holding off the East 
German to win in 45.36 sec. 

But Linford Christie's 
hopes of repeating his 100 
metres gold medal were 
dashed when he was edged out 
of the last qualifying place in 
the 200 metres semi-final 
Allan Wells qualified comfort- 
ably in the first heat, finishing 
third in 20.77 sec. 

Todd Bennett was one of 
three British victims of ham- 
string injuries. He pulled up 
earlier, in the 200 metres beat. 
And the cold weather also 
contributed to the disappoint- 
ment of Colin Jackson, the 
world junior hurdles cham- 
pion, who was one of Britain's 
outside chances for another 
gold medal 

He did not get past the 
warm-up track before he de- 
cided that his left hamstring 
was not strong enough to 
support the rigorous test of 
high hurdling.- Sandra Whit- 
taker had qualified for the M0 
metres semi-finals before her 
hamstring caused her tp 

Marita Koch, who has long 
been threatening to retire after 
these championships, added 
another title to what is surely 
now the most illustrious ca- 
reer in the history of women's 
athletics. A day after her East 
German colleague, Marties 
Gohr, achieved it in the 100 
metres. Miss Koch recorded 
her third consecutive Euro- 
pean title. 

Also like Mis G6hr, Miss 
Koch was supposed to be 
injured for the whole of this 
season. But their absence be- 
fore these championships is 
thought to have more to do 
with their desire to retire in 
the face of official opposition 
than any athletic kidology. 

Miss Koch had said after 
her semi-final victory that she 
was nowhere near the form 
which look her to her superb I 
world record of 47.60sec at the 
World Cup in Canberra 

Thompson is 
all f he way 

From Pat Butcher, Athletics Correspondeafc, Stuttgart 

Daley Thompson looked to half second better . ®_the 
have survived the most hurdles, where ne ts Wca 
inhisdecath- German open ctampioo. Buj 

%% i 



when, with only the L50Q his own personal best Jby two. 
metres, the last event to run, tenths of a second with 1404 
he had managed to eke out a seconds, he actually beat 
77 points buffer between him- Wentz in the firet race of the 
self and Siggi Wentz, of West day. And Hmgsen was. a fair 
Germany: half second behind, which 

Thompson survived the on- meant another 60 points 
slaught of Wentz and his advantage to Thompson, and 
colleague, Jurgen Hingsen another credit, to his enor- 
throughout the second day, mous competitive instinct, 
and finally in the javelin, the The situation changed again 
penultimate event, Thompson as quickly as the weather, hj 
only conceded 38 points to the discus aide for the next 

Thompson and his support- TTvn mortc 

ers have had agonizing mo- J. 1*4* . 

ments in the past eight years Fatima Wbitbtai broke 
since he suffered his last ^ women's world javeBa 
defeat, in these same champ- ^ a t the European atfefat- 
ionships, to Alexander ^ championships ut Stnttnit 
Grebenyuk, of the Soviet ratify, recording 77.44 ■». 
Union, in Prague. But the ^ to beat the pterions best 
crises have been restricted to a by more than two metres. 

{fife : •• 


Top marks 

single event, which Thomp- 
son has had trouble mastering. 

Report, page 30 

:.\1 ^ Thompson's fortunes were could only manage 43.38 me- 

Ciean sweetr Coe (left), McKean (right) and Cram torn the 800m into a British triumph up and down' as regularly as tres and fell behind overall 

v “ \ . n 0 _ r r\ aaa .._k«Tlnr S« U.«orwn oMit fnrt into 


like with the discus in both event. While Hurasen was 
Athens in the 1982 European flirting with the 50 metres 
Championships, and in Los marker eventually ending up 
Angeles during the hast CMym- on 43.42 metres, and Wentz 
pics. But here there seems to was also recovering points 
be a crisis in each event. with 45.66 metres, Thompson 
Thompson's fortunes were could only manage 43.38 me- 

Political ideals are being 
tempered by realism 


Why, it is being wondered, 
should Berthold Beitz, a mU- 
lionalre of die Krnpp empire 
and a West German member 
of the International Olympic 
Committee, spend his summer 
holiday in, of all places. East 
Germany? It’s like Prince 
Philip going sunbathing in 
Yalta. The speculation is that 
Beitz will have been talking 
shop mth his sporting broth- 
ers about the Korean issue— 
and also the dedsion on the 
1992 Olympic Games, which 
vriD be taken in October. 

Although Alberto 
Juantorena — who, he would 
have us believe, won his grid 
medals for the greater glory of 
Lenin— was rabbitting on here 
In Stuttgart about a boycott of 
Seoul if the 1988 Gaines were 
not shared with Pyongyang, 
most of the Eastern Bloc now 
seem to recognize that North 
Korea have already got more 
than they could have hoped 

To stage two or three events, 
when Seoul and the IOC were 
obliged to give them nothing, 
is a major concession. Political 
ideals have to be tempered 
with realism: and the East 
Germans are, information 
here suggests, among those 
who wfll be happy to go to 
South Korea. Even Cuba, it is 
said, may relent 

But where win we all be 
going four years fatter? The 
cynical view is that we have to 
find out what Horst Dassler 
wants, for he put his substan- 
tial influence behind Sooth 
Korea before the voting in 
1981. What is apparent from 
International Amateur Ath- 
letic Federation (IAAF) dele- 
gates attending the European 
championships is that the 
boycott of the Commonwealth 
Games has _ dampened the 
chances of Birmingham: even 
though the East Germans, for 
instance, are much impressed 
with Birmingham's commend- 
able emphasis on the practical 

Udinese safe 

An appeals court of the 
Italian soccer league bas re- 
voked the relegation of 
Udinese, the first division 
dub, and Lazio, the second 
division side, which was pre- 
viously ordered as punish- 
ment following a match-firing 
scandal. But after, reviewing 
the derision earlier this month 
by a lower court, it penalized 
both teams by nine points for 
next season, which will make 
it difficult for either side to 
avoid relegation since three 
dubs go down. The partial 
reprieve of Udinese ended 
Pisa’s hopes of staying in the 
first division. 

Bugner’s date 

James Tiftis, the former 
world heavyweight title chal- 
lenger, is Joe Bugner's new 
comeback opponent The 
American, who has fought five - 
world champions during his 
career, meets Bugner on 
September 15.. Bugner, the 
former European and 
Commonwealth champion, 
was originally scheduled to 
meet anoLher American, 
Dorcey Gaymon, who. with- 
drew over the weekend. 

Lewis to retire 

r DAVID: ^ 

needs of competitors. African 
members of die IOC in Lau- 
sanne in October will, sadly, 
be thinking politics. 

• Gossip here suggests that 
Brisbane will now pick up 
English-speaking votes that 
might have gone to Bir- 
mingham; that Paris is more 
noise than substance; and, that 
Barcelona could even win on 
the first vote. Amsterdam, for 
all the recent sabotage by the 
Dutch anti-Olympic 
campaigners, remains an un- 
known quantify. 

Mota’s exemplary 

Has the moment arrived 
when women should consider 
having their own separate 
championships, European and 
world? In England, of course, 
the women’s AAA have strug- 
gled to maintain a credible 
independence in both perfor- 
mance and finances, bat for all 
Miss Whitbread’s splendid 
world record yesterday, 
women’s athletics in Britain 
does not get off the ground as a 
major public spectacle. 

In Stuttgart it has been 
different There has been some 
marvefloos women's running 
jumping and throwing, yet it 
all tends to be overshadowed 
by the men. What a splendid 
spectacle was the women's 
marathon, which was almost 
lost in the acclaim for Italy's 
dean sweep in the men's 
10,000 metres that same wet 

I followed the course iff the 
first women's championship 
marathon in Athens four years 
ago, and what a dramatic race 
It trad been, frith the dimin- 
utive Rosa Mota coming to the 
front In the last few 
kflometres. This time she had 
established a substantial lead 


US call up 

..V ‘■—l 

1 n. 

Carl Lewis said yesterda 
that he would concentrate fo] 
time on singing and actin 

time on singing and. acting 
once he retires from athletics 
after the 1988 Seoul Olympics. 
The American, who won four 
gold medals at the 1984 
Olympics in Los Angeles, said 
he hoped to capture at least 
three, if not four golds, in 
Seoul in 1988 - but would 
then retire while ahead. 

Paul Annacone, who 
knocked John McEnroe out of 
the US Open, in the the 
opening round has been 
named in his country’s Davis 
Cup team to face Australia ip 
the semi-finals. Annacone; 
who has never competed in 
the Davis Cup, joins Brad 
Gilbert, Tim Mayotte and- the 
doubles specialists, Ken Flacfa 
and Robert Seguso for the trip . 
to Brisbane for the tie, to be 
flayed on grass, from October 

Tom Gorman,- the United 
States captain, had been or- 
dered by Randy Gregson. the 
president of the United States 
Tennis Association, not to 
select McEnroe in any case ■ 
because the player’s past 
behaviour made him 

by halfway, and ran through- 
out with an expressionless 
calm, even when the wind and 
r ain were buffeting her. What 
a credit to her sex she was as 
she ran the final lap of the 
stadium, waving and s miling 
after 26 miles. 

What a duel it was behind 
Mota for many mOes between 
Laura Fogti, of Italy, and the 
unfortunate Carla Beurskens, 
of The Netherlands, who was 
afflicted as last time by stom- 
ach pains. Mrs Fogti, with her 
serene Renaissance face and 
soft olive complexion, looks 
as if, conventionally, she onght 
to be behind the perftnne 
counter at La Rmoscente, the 
Harrods of Rome, rather than 
grinding along the roads. She : 
lives in sednskmonafermshe I 
and her husband own. He ; 
trains with hen and has never 
beaten her. 

Huge viewing 

The race which British tele- 
vision Is most interested in is 
its own: which of the schedule 
directors wfll have done the 
smartest job in dividing the 
championships between the 
two channels available to both 
BBC and ITV. Athletics is 
now important capable of 
drawing audiences comparable 
to footbalL The recent Zurich 
meeting Md over 15 mi llion 
British viewers, with ITV 
ahead of BBC by a million or 

Evening athletic viewing is 
about on a par with Match of 
the Day, around 8 million. The 
accountants are keen to see 
what the figures will have been 
for last night’s Coe-Cram 
classic at roe early viewing 
time of 6pm. The five atten- 
dance at the Neckar Stadium 
-on Tuesday was more than the 
gross attendance at three En- 
gland first division matches 
fiat night at Luton Town, 
Wimbledon and Queen’s Park 
Rangers. For the next three 
days it will be twice as big. 

Hepworth ban 

Ian Hepworth, the' show 
jumper, has been banned for 
six months and fined £500 for 
lacking a horse and hitting a 
woman at the Tudor Horse 
show at Hatfield, Doncaster 
on May 17. Hepworth, from 
Doncaster, kicked the horse. 
Day Tripper, on the leg and 
struck the women, a fellow 
British Show 

jumping association member. ' 

Philip’s ride 

The Duke of Edinburgh will 
be one of several world-class 
competitors taking part in the 
famous Grouse National Car- 
riage Driving Championships 
in Hanpgate from September 
19-21. Other .top names 
expected to take part include 
the current national cham- 
pion, George. Bowman, Mark 
Weston, Peter Muni and Alyn 
Holder, all members of the 
British, team which finished 
fifth in the world champion- 
ships at Ascot earlier this 

Kirkby’s tie 

Kiricby, the. British Hand- 
ball League champions, have 
been drawn at home to Sta- 
vanger of Norway in the first 
leg of the ' European 
Champions' Cup first round 
next monthJJyerpool the 
British Cup winners, have 
been forced to drop out of the 
European Cup Winners’ Cup 
for financial reasons, but are 
replaced by their neighbours. 
Birkenhead, who must travel 
to Iceland for their first leg tie 
in foe competition against US 
Stjamar. . 

the 50,000 umbrellas in the again. Hingsen went back into 
Neckar Stadium. He had the lead with 6,335 points, 15 
started the day in his most points ahead of Thompson* 
precarious position for 10 with Wentz on 45*266. 
years, that is since being a The situation continued to: 
virtual novice at the Olympic look threatening for Thomp* 
Games in Montreal where he son in the eighth event, the 
eventually finished 18th. De- pole vault, when both Wentz 
spite a superb 100 metres in a and Hingson improved their, 
decathlon world best of personal’ bests’ for the 
1026seconds on the first day decathakm to 4.90 metres and 
and two other personal bests 4.60 metres respectively. But 

in the shot and 400 metres, his after some difficulty with an 
long and high jump had been intermediate clearance, 
mediocre, and he only had a Thompson came good again 
38 point farad over his peren- with a five metre vault, and 
nial opponent, Jurgen then did even better with 5.10 
Hingsen. metres. That took him bad 

■ Bar5iggi Wentz, the father into the lead, this time of 1 15 
We^t jGfarman looked, like points, and this time over 
Thompson's principal threat Wentz. Thompson had 7,261, 

Wentz was 96 points behind, Wentz 7,146, with Hingsen ou 

but was theoretically much 7,125 points and Tomen ~~ , m 

better over three of foe-last Voss, the East German was . . • / 

five events. Thompson ex- nowcreepmgback into medal \ ■ } ■ . 

ploded part of that theory first contention after a similarly - 

thing yesterday morning. On gopd pole vault with 7,110 * i 

paper. Wentz was almost a points. - ** f j - / ^ 

_ * ~ BIATHLON ~ 1 f 

Ban on drug-taker $ 

Dussddorf (Reuter) — The 
West German Olympic cham- 
pion, Peter Angerer, has been 
banned from international com- 
petition for five months for 
taking, blacklisted drugs at this 
year’s world championships in 
Oslo, the West Gentian Ski 
Federation (DSV) said 
Angerer, an array sergeant 

and oneofWest Germany's best 
known sportsmen, was stripped 
of the silver medal he won in foe 
10 kilometre race at the Feb- 
ruary championships and of his 
bronze medal in - foe 4x7,5 
kilometre relay. 

His relay team-mate. Franz 
Wudy. was also stripped of the 
bronze m the doping affeir 

Somerset eager to 

By Richard Streeton : 

As speculation continued for him to want to support his 
about Ian Botham's fixture friends as he bas done. How- 
with Somerset,- the player ever, one would be dis- 
himself went down yesterday appointed, though, if he did 
with laryngitis. He did not not appreciate the support 
field after lunch against Essex Somerset have given him 
at Taunton and on doctor’s during , the past 12 stormy 
orders went home 10 bed. It months.* 4 

was a slightly anti-climactic The Somerset committee 
exit for Botham, who, in- meet again to dicuss the 
evitably, has been followed for current nxrore next Tuesday 
the past 24 hours by a large evening. Botham's present 

media posse. • contract expires at the end faf 

Botham confirmed before September and Somerset have 
play started that be had for- offered him a new two-year 
mally written to Somerset to contract, which they thought 
ask permission to contact bad already been agreed 
other counties. This followed verbally. 

Somerset’s derision not to re- . Should Botham insist on 
sign the West Indians, Viv leaving Somerset, foe legal 
Richards and Joel Gamer. “I wrangles attached to any 
should be very reluctant to move couldstretcfa through to 
move and my grouse and next April Under TCCB rates 
unease does not involve Botham could not be con- 

money,” be said. 

tacted by another county with- 

Contrary to Botham's initial out Somerset's pennissk® 
expectation, Somerset now until December 31. 
seem certain to make every After that he remains reg* 
effort to retain his services, istered as a Somerset player 
Brian Langford, foe- cricket until March 31. Again ant 

committee chairman, de- approach by another dub 
dined to reveal the contents of could only bemade if 14 days’ 
his reply to Botham but he left “notire of intention” welt 
no one in any doubt that given to Somerset. 

Somerset wanted to keep him. From April 1 Botham 

Mr Langford’s letter to the would be a .free agent m 
player was dearly conciliatory could join another county 
in tone and is understood to though the’ TCCB registrt- 
have advised him not to do lions sub-committee have die 
anything hasty. power to prevent him ptajjWJ 

At a press conference Mr immediately if they fed fod* 
Langford said: “The dub have is cause to do so. 
always looked after him well Meanwhile, the petitioa 

when he needed support. We from Somerset members seek- 
could not have done more, ing a special general meeting 
Not that we would want to being posted to the dub. Toe 
blackmail him on that. He petition seeks the general 
could say be has done a lot for committee's resignation and 
Somerset.” reinstatement for Richards 

Tony Brown, the Somerset and Gamer. Under dub nibs 
secretary, adopted the same a simple majority would cariy 
theme when he said: “I am. any resolution put to the 
never surprised at anything meeting and there is no pW’ 
lan does, ft is perfectly natural vision for proxy votes. 


fork; -a ! 

nv>. , 

Via!-- - 

Hum* r,s 

iv. ” r 

5«rt 1 


Christie’s comeback 

Errol Christie returns to foe 
ring next month when be takes 
on the world-ranked American 
middleweight, Sean Mannfon. 
Christie, rebuflding his career 
after being knocked out by 
Maric .Kayfor in a British tide 
eliminator nine months ago, 
meets the WBA No 6 at 
Sheadish Ldsare Centre, 

Heme! Hempstead on Septet* 
her 20. 

A re-match with Kayfor^f 
heads the list of Chrisnc* 
priorities but the 23-yearf® 
from Coye^ry, wffo odgj 
defeats in 24 cwrtes».-~ttV. 
“This is my chance 
can handle the fug feagoe *** 
come m on top. r • ;* • 

1 fcr