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as obstacle to world peace 


From Robin Oakley, Political Editor, Atlanta 
Mr Neil Ki nnock. the La- Trident the Conservative 

bour Party leader, is trying to 
win favour in the United 
States for his party's unilater- 
alist defence policies by 
attacking Mrs Thatcher as a 
warmonger standing in the 
way of post-Reykjavik 

Hoping to capitalize on a 
new US interest in arras 
reduction kindled after Presi- 
dent Reagan's near break- 
through with Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, 
Mr Kin cock’s office produced 
a document on defence policy 
asserting: "Britain's attempt 
to secure Trident is now a real 
threat to the objectives of the 
Reykjavik summit". 

Arguing that .Britain's pro- 
posed purchase of Trident will 
increase fire power between 
eight and 14 times, it says: 
"Britain is planning an in- 
crease of at least 800 per cent 
in its strategic nuclear weap- 
ons at a time when the 
superpowers agreed to cuts of 
50 per cent". 

Mr Ki nnock is also claiming 
on his US trip — which began 
here in Atlanta, Georgia, at 
the weekend — that to pay for 

Government plans to cut 30 
per cent off spending on new 
equipment by 1990. 

“This woold threaten 
Britain's vital role in Nalo in 
guarding the eastern Atlantic, 
keeping open the sea lanes for 
supplies and keeping out en- 
emy submarines and to sup- 
port the 55,000 troops in the 
British Army of the Rhine," 
the document says. 

The Labour leader is to visit 
New York, Boston and Wash- 
ington in his campaign to 
convince an America, with 
other issues on its mind, that 
his party is not anti -American 

la a speech at the Martin 
Luther King Centre in Atlanta 
last night Mr Kinnngfe called 
fur a "massive rat e r n a tiimal 
boycott" of South Africa, He 
said that "as a very minimum" 
Britain shoakl impose the 
same measures as the US 


Thirtv vears ago thw 

Melbourne Olympic 


Games were in full 
swing and athletes 
like Chris Brasher 
above) and Judy 
W| rinham were 
winning for Britain. 
What do their 
medals mean to 
them today? 


The town hail attack 
on Britain's sport 

• The £3,000 weekly 
prize in The Times 
PortfcSio Gold 
competition was shared 
by three readers and 
Saturday’s daily £4,000 
prize was won outright. 
Details, page 3. 

• There is £4,000 to be 
won in today’s daily, 
competition. Portfolio 
list, page 24. Rules and 
how to play, page 20. 

Ca*-v Grant the British-born 
Hollywood star, died .yes- 
terday, aged 82. after suffering 
a sticks in Davenport, Iowa, 
where he was due to appear at 
a local theatre 

Obituary, page 18 
Appreciation, page 20 

Newcastle win 

Newcastle United caused an 
upset in their first division 
footbail match with West 
Ham United, winning 4-0 

Page 38 

Debt defence 

The US debt explosion will 
share equal billing with the 
Third World debt crisis at a 
New York conference this 
week, when Mr James Baker, 
US Treasury Secretary, will be 
forced to defend his strategy 
page -* 

and that a Labour Govern- 
ment would be an enthusiastic 
member of Nato. At present 
those Americans who know of 
Labour’s policies, both Re- 
publicans and Democrats, are 
convinced that dosing down 

US midear bases in Britain 
would start a c hain reaction 
that would wreck the aHianm. 

The new Labour document 
a foretaste of the election 
manifesto, argues that Nato’s 
existing nudear-based strategy 
"is no longer credible nor an 
adequate hasiq oc which to 
maintain an enduring domes- 
tic consensus" 

"Current Nato strategy 
envisages that a conventional 
warm Europe would last only 
a matter of days, Nalo would 
then use nuclear weapons an 
the battlefield. Such a strategy 
makes no sense since these 
weapons, and the radiation 

caused by them, would de- 
stroy our own forces and the 
very territory which Nato was 
seeking to defend.” 

Reaffirming the Labour 
Party pledge to get rid of 
Britain's own Polaris and to 
remove US nudear weapons 
from British soil, the docu- 
ment points out that the US is 
already phasing out Poseidon 
submarines — the follow-on to 

On the four different 
American nuclear weapons 
systems in Britain the docu- 
ment points out 

• Hoty Loch: The Poseidon 
submarines will be phased out 
anyway as C 4 and D 5 mis- 
siles enter service. 

• Cruise: Quoting Mr Rich- 
ard Perle, the US Assistant 
Defence Secretary, the mis- 
siles are of“negligiWe military 
value” and would be reproved 
from Britain as part of the so- 
called zero-zero option 
"agreed at Reykjavik and 
supported by Mrs Thatcher”. 

• The F 111 Aircraft: Hold- 
ing back the dual capability 
aircraft for use in a nudear 
war means they could not be 
employed in their con- 
ventional role. 'This weakens 
conventional deterrents and 
lowers the nuclear threshold.” 

• Nndear Depth Charges: 
American experts - not 
named — agree that their use is 
counter-productive and would 
harm Nato’s underwater com- 

• The labour Party has 
dropped from the final ver- 
sion of its new policy docu- 
ment, Modem Britain in a 
Modem World, due to be 
published on December 10, 
the idea of defending Euro, 
viih i terms or diicrcs Siiicd 
with explosive slurry, de- 
signed to counter a Warsaw 
Pact tank offensive. 

Mr Kinnock laying a wreath at the crypt-of Martin Luther 
King, the muttered civil rights leader, in Atlanta, Georgia. 

Hone New 2-7 
Overseas 3-5- 

Bictns. deaths, 
Business 25-24 

P*® 5 ,s 

Court 5jj 





Nielii St? 

PH*jh Bonds 

Safe Root 

US* 3S *3 
TV £ Radio 3' 
Weather -0 

* <t -tt * dr 

Fog brings 
air chaos 
to south 

Flights were returning to 
normal yesterday after fog 
chough! chaos to airports, 
especially in tire South-east, 
on Saturday. 

The worst hit was Gatwick 
where only aircraft with blind 
landing gear were allowed to 
land throughout the day. cut- 
ting flights from the scheduled 
325 to 106. 

The fog, which also hit 
Heathrow, Stansted and Lu- 
ton, ted to delays of up to 
seven hours, though an av- 
erage delay of more than two 
hours was reported by the 
Civil Aviation Authority. 

Many short-haul flights 
were either or diverted to 
Manchester. Passengers on 
one flight unable to land at 
Gatwick early yesterday were 
flown to Manchester where 
they were picked up by a 
Tristar with blind landing gear 
which took them to Gatwick. 

The AA reported that severe 
road conditions caused by fog 
on Saturday in Kent, Surrey, 
Essex and the Peak District 
had eased. Traffic was lighter 
than normal 

is not used 

Millions of pounds’ worth 
of sophisticated blind-landing 
equipment remained unused 
on British Caledonian’s fog- 
bound fleet of DClOs, 747s 
and BAC1-11 jets at Gatwick 
at the weekend (Our Air 
Correspondent writes). The 
independent airline fitted its 
fleet with the automatic land- 
ing equipment, designed to 
beat even the densest fog by 
enabling pilots to switch to a 
computer for landing last year. 

But under Civil Aviation 
Authority rules each member 
of every crew must have been 
individually checked cn his or 
her ability to handle the 
equipment before the aircraft 
is able to use it Tor real”, and 
that has not so far been done. 

The on-board computers 
had been used throughout the 
summer in good weather to 
land the aircraft automatically 
and enable the pilots and 
aircraft to build up the re- 
quired numbers of simulated 
blind landings to be given 
Civii Aviation Authority 

A handnu of aircraft with all 
members of the crew checked 
out on the new’ equipment 
were able to land at Gatwick 
but ethers had to divert. 

Scheme to 
boost jobs 
is shunned 

By Richard Evans 
Political Correspondent 

Britain's branch hank man - 
agers are cold-shouldering a 
Government backed loan 
scheme aimed at providing 
crucial help to fledgling busi- 
nesses — and thereby threaten- 
ing the creation of up to 
50,000 new jobs. 

Mr David Trippier, the 
minister for small firms, is so 
disappointed try the local re- 
sponse to the Department of 
Employment's revamped 
Loan Guarantee Scheme that 
be is planning a nationwide 
tour, complete with a spe- 
cially-commissioned £15,000 
video, to persuade bankers to 
be more co-operative. 

Although the heads of 
Britain's leading High Street 
banks are enthusiastic 
supporters of the lending 
scheme, Mr Trippier has 
discovered a marked reluc- 
tance, and in some cases 
outright hostility, amongst 
branch managers. 

Under the scheme, the 
Government underwrites 70 
per cent of loans given by 
hanks to small firms which 
cannot ob tain normal lending 
owing to lack of financial 

Since the scheme’s in- 
troduction in 1981, more than 
£500 million has been injected 
into over 15,000 businesses, 
resulting in 125,000 new jobs. 

Demand for purge grows 

Reagan urges staff 
to ‘tell everything 9 

From Michael Bttyon, V/ashfegten 

, Present JLa&ut •3lted>-r.^*TReas?.nti> , ‘gjvea 

to the White House from" speech and lay it all out” The 

California yesterday for im- 
mediate crisis talks wftfc three 
newly appointed in vesi gators 
into the Iran aims scandal, 
and with a call on everyone in 
his Administration to tell 
everything the know about the 

Leading congressmen and 
critics are also calling on him 
for a thorough dean-up in the 
White House and further 
dismissals to restore credibil- 
ity to his Administration. 

Mr Waiter Mondale, the 
Vice-President in the Carter 
Administration, said yes- 
terday that an independent 
special prosecutor was 
essmial, and the investigation 
by Mr Edwin Meese, the 
Attorney-General, was a 
"non-starter” that inspired no 
public confidence. He also 

wished to save the last two 
years of his presidency. 

The President will today 
meet former Senator John 
Tower, the man he named to 

White House crisis 


bead the commission of in- 
quiry into the National Sec- 
urity Council, together with 
Mr Edmund Muskie, a former 
Secretary of State, and Gen- 
eral Brent Scowcroft, National 
Security Adviser to President 

He is expected to discuss the 
imminent appointment of a 
successor to Vice-Admiral 
John Poindexter, who re- 
signed last week as National 
Security Adviser. Administra- 
tion sources say Mr Reagan 

Continued on page 28, arf 7 

Secret meetings of a 
US-Iran go-between 

A former Israeli secret ser- 
vice chief who helped set up 
the first US-Iran arms ship- 
ment has told The Times that 
be received no payment for his 
part in the deal 

Mr Yaacov Nimrod i, aged 
60, who as bead of Mossad’s 
Tehran station from 1956 to 
1970 negotiated Israel's sales 
of arms to the Shah, denied 
any knowledge of the $42 
million (about £28 million) 
said to have been paid by Iran. 
While $12 million is said to 
have found its way to the US 
and $10 million into a Swiss 
hank account for the Contras, 
it is being alleged that $20 
million has g one missing. 

Before leaving for Tel Aviv 
and. talks with Mr Shimon 
Peres, the former Israeli PM, 
MrNimrodi gave The Times a 
band-written statement which 
read in part: “After the release 

of Mr Weir, the .Americans 
apparently reached the con- 
clusion that they were capable 
of reteasing the hostages with- 
out my help. Therefore I 
ceased to play any more role 
in the negotiations. All ray 
activities. . .were on the baas 
of national duty and according 
to the wish of the bead of stale 
. . . What I got in exchange 
was congratulations from ex- 
PM S. Peres and Defence 
Minister Y. Rabin. 

• The main questions facing 
investigators into the arms 
scandal are: How much profit 
was made by middlemen; 
where is the money; and, how 
many shipments were sent to 
Iran (Michael Binyon writes 
from Washington )■ 

There is growing evidence 
here that Saudi .Arabia was 
involved m the deal 

Spectrum, page 14 

plea to 
on debts 

By Our Chief Political 

Labour leaders are expected 
to issue fresh warnings to local 
authorities that they cannot 
depend cm an incoming La- 
bour government to bail them 
out if they run up deliberate 
debts to escape spending 

Prominent figures from the 
national executive committee 
and the parliamentary party 
meet today to discuss the 
party’s plans for reforming the 
structure of local government, 
having been warned in an 
internal party report flat the 
next Labour government 
could be faced with a bill of 
some £2 billion from councils 
who have embarked on long- 
term borrowing deals. 

But Labour's shadow cabi- 
net members are privately 
telling local authority leaders 
that if they go further into 
debt and fail to act to cut 
existing debts, they risk bank- 
rupting themselves, and, at 
the same time, causing mas- 
sive immediate unpopularity. 

The debts would make it 
impossible for the councils to 
embark on the job creation 
programmes which would be a 
prominent feature of Labour's 
attack on unemployment, and 
for which councils would re- 
ceive central government 

A technical working party 
made up of representatives of 
the shadow cabinet, national 
executive, the TUC and La- 
bour councils has carried outa 
study of the scale of the 
difficulties likely to free an 
incoming government. 

The working party, chaired 
by Mr Jack Straw, a Labour 
frontbench spokesman on the 
environment, concluded that 
without major and immediate 
changes in financial arrange- 
ments many authorities in the 
big cities could face large cuts 
in services and jobs and in 
their capital building pro- 
grammes, or the imposition of 
"unacceptable” rate rises. 

Labour councils have run 
up the debts by a series of 
"creative accounting” mea- 
sures, the main being the so- 
called deforced purchasing 
arrangements under which 
they have been been able to 
evade controls by making 
long-term "borrow now, pay 
later” deals with finance 
houses to pay in later years. 

Although the Government 
has introduced legislation to 
ban deferred purchase deals, 
which will be retrospective to 
July, some Labour councils 
are already examining ways of 
beating that clampdown. 

The message from alarmed 
Labour leaders will be that far 
from creating new debt, coun- 
cils must start reducing the 
debts they have already run 
up, althoughthey admit it 
would be difficult for a Labour 
government to be seen to be 
feiling to go to the aid of a 
council in distress. 

Post plea 
on gas 

Organizers of the £5.6 bil- 
lion British Gas flotation ap- 
pealed to investors last night 
to put their applications in the 
first class post early today. 

This is vital, they say, if 
applicants want to meet the 
deadline of 10am on Wednes- 
day. Their appeal went out 
after 500,000 applications 
poured in on Saturday bring- 
ing the total received to about 
2 milli on. 

With the rush oflast minute 
applications to come the total 
should top at least 5 million. 

The average amount being 
invested is £1,100 with many 
families applying for shares on 
behalf of their children as 

Christmas gifts. 

A sell-out, page 21 
Comment, page 23 

$2m tag put on ‘lost’ David painting 

By Gerald me Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 

Sotheby's is to offer a “lost” 
painting by Jacques Louis 
David for sale in New York in 
February and is talking of a 
price in the S2 milIion-S3 
million (about £1 JO million 
to £2 million) range. 

The painting was found in 
Uruguay by the Spanish 
businessman turned art 
dealer. Sen or Pedro Saorin 
Bosch, who is reputed to have 
paid between 57,000 and 
$10,000 for it 

Several international deal- 
ers tried to gel in ahead of 
Sotheby’s and buy h off him 
before he realized how much it 
was really worth. Sotheby's, 
however, scooped the prize. 

Sen dr Saorin was last in the 
news over the sale of Goya’s 
portrait of the Marquesa de 
Santa Cruz last April. He is 
accused by the Spanish 

Detail from the rare David painting, found in Urugnay, 

Government of having forged 
an export licence ror the 
picture before selling it to one 
of Lord Wimbome's family 
trusts. The Argentine Govern- 
ment refused his extradition 
to Spain to face charges on the 
Goya affair. 

The profits made by Senor 
Saorin on the Goya deal are 

unknown. However, Lord 
Wim borne admitted to mak- 
ing a loss on the picture when 
he sold it to the Prado at 56 
million, while the valuation 
on the forged export licence 
was about £750,000. Senor 
Saorin must have made a 
million or so. 

The David is an extreme 

rarity since there are hardly 
any paintings by the great 
Neo-Classical master in pri- 
vate hands outside France and 
the French would not allow 
any significant work an export 

It is called "Les Adieux de 
Teleraaque et Eucharis” and 
was painted in Brussels in 
1818 for the Count von 
Schonbom, a Bavarian poli- 
tician. It depicts a love affair 
in a grotto between the fic- 
tional hero, Telemaque, and a 
nymph he met on the island of 

The scene is taken from 
Fenelon’s epic, Telemaque, 
written in 1699. 

The painting has never been 
relined and is in pristine 
condition. It had disappeared 
from view since being sold by 
Parke Beraet in New York for 
$3,950 in October 1950 to a 
collector from Uruguay. 

Sale room, twee 5 

By Philip Webster. Chief Political Correspondent 

The Government's decision 
to fight the publication of Mr 
Peter Wright’s spy book in 
Australia was taken chiefly on 
the advice of the senior lawyer 
of MIS, known as Bernard X. 
it was confirmed last night 

Sir Michael Havers, the 
Attorney General, who was 
not consulted in the 1981 
decision to allow the publica- 
tion of Mr Chapman Pinchers 
book about treachery inside 
the security services, was in- 
volved in the collective min- 
isterial decision which fol- 
lowed the lawyer's advice to 
the Prime Minister 

The decision led to the 
battle in the New South Wales 
Supreme Court which is caus- 
ing increasing embarrassment 
to the Government. 

Both decisions were politi- 
cal ones and both followed the 
advice of the Mi5 lawyer, 
whose name security chiefs 
ordered tc be kept secret or 
Saturday night after it hud 
appeared in the first edition or 
The Mail on Sunday news- 
paper. There were fears that he 
might become a terrorist 

Sir Michael faces the Com- 
mons today and is likely to be 
asked by Labour MPs about 
allegations that he was un- 
happy about the Wright case 
being launched. 

Conservative MPs, at the 
same time, intend to step up 
their attack on Mr Neil 
Kinnock after his admission 
that he was in telephone 
contact with the lawyer acting 
for Mr Wright in Sydney. Mr 
Malcolm Turnbull. 

Yesterday Mr Michael Hes- 
eltine. the former defence 
secretary, accused Mr 
Kinnock of undermining the 
coherence of the intelligence 
services and other Torv MPs 

were urging him to return 
from his United States visit to 
make a statement to the 

Yesterday Mr Turnbull said 
that Mr Kinnock had acted 
properly and correctly in ask- 
ing him exactly what was said 
in'eeurt He ’denied that he 
had revealed to Mr Kinnock 
any details of anything that 
was said in- any confidential 

In 4tiar,ta. Georgia, yes- 
terday Mr Kinnock said that 
he was not on the defensive, 
re said: ”i would rather be in 
my shoes than Mrs 

Bernard X is the "legal 
advisers” to whom Sir Robert 
Armstrong, the Cabinet Sec- 
retary, referred when on Fri- 
day in Sjdcei he corrected his 
earlier evidence and made 
clear that Sir Michael Havers 
had not been involved in the 
decision :o allow *hc 
bool: by Mr Chapman 
Fincher. Their 
Treachery, to 

Air Cat Campfceh'-SaYours, 
Labour M? for Workington. is 
threatening to publish the 
names of 43 other MI 5 op- 
eratives whom are alleged to 
have helped in publications 
about the work of the security 
services if the Government 
proceeds with its action to 
stop the publication of an- 
other book on MT5, Cm Girl's 
War, by Miss Joan Miller. 2 
former MFS secretary. 

The Attorney General told 
The Times yesterday that at a 
meeting with Mrs Thatcher on 
Thursday ihe Prime Minister 
had been "extremely syn> 
pathetic- ic rts position and 
wanted the record to be put 
straight, and there was no 
question of him having pre- 
sented her with an ultima! um. 

Trade is 
go ahead 

Wright’s secret letters 
‘were mt destroyed* 

By Mkhaei Evans, Whitehall Correspondent 

Letters from Mr Peter 
VV.ight.the forme; Ml 5 offi- 
cer, which contained secrets 
“too hot to publish” in a book 
on the Security Service are 
held by Mr Chapman Pincher, 
the author. 

Mr Wright, who has given 
the correspondence he re- 
ceived from Mr Pincher to his 
solicitor, Mr Malcolm Turnb- 
ull for the current court case 
over his book The Spy 
Catcher, is apparently under 
the impression that all his 
letters have been destroyed. 

However, although some 
have, many have been kept. 
According to Mr Pincher, 
author of Their Trade Is 
Treachery yesterday, ihey re- 
veal the true nature of Mr 
Wright’s persistent demands 
for more money for his MI5 
leaks, as well as ideas for 
another book that may have 

AT A LOWER' APR . of oh 













EXAMPLE ifi COO - 90 payments - £13i-SS Tilnl cos I ol l'ikSiI £ J2 : :<!*•?} 



■nd TOTAL PEACE OF MIND - Optional Re&in&nsv, Accident. Si5«AC5 
cover is iteiuded in ell of the above secured tain KpayAtnis. 


Let us prove io you why more people phor.s us 

broken ‘*c Official Secrets 

Mr Pincher said that Mr 
Wright put forward i he idea of 
doing a book cn the Anglo- 
American connection in inte- 
lligence in a letter dated 
March 4, 19S3. But it fell 
through when Mr Wright 
slopped corresponding with 
Mr Pincher. 

“I told Wright that I would 
destroy his letters because I 
thought it was too risky to 
keep them. Some were too hot 
to include in my book. 

"However after the book 
came out, 1 kept most of his 
other letters and still have 
them today. They would be 
very embarrassing for him if 1 
made them public but I am 
not going to indulge in the 
same tactics which_ he has 
adopted in Sydney, i ne letters 

Conduced as page 20, coi 7 






Maxwell denies 
Mirror move 

Mr Robert Maxwell, tbe publisher of Mirror Group 
Newspapers, yesterday dismissed as “miscfaieNms and 
inaccurate” a report in The Sunday Tima tbat he Is 
Fleet Street 

Mr Maxwell said the Mirror was not die to leave fleet 
Street next year or on any other date. 

He said m a statement: “The earlier plan far a more in 

July 19S7 was cancelled several mouths ago and the Hade 

muons informed. 44 

Action on meningitis 

Britain’s first health visitor dealing exdnsiTeJy with 
meningitis has been appointed m Gloucestershire, where 
six people have died fitHn the illness. 

Mrs PrisdDa Robinson win help doctors to follow up re- 
sults of the recent mass swabbing exenise, when 5,000 peo- 
ple in the village of Storehouse were tested Cor meningitis. 

She win also travel all over the comfy, colterting 
statistics on the Alness. 

Call for 
eye tests 

£3m plan 
for hall 

Compulsory eye tests 
should be introduced for 
drivers, according to more 
than 92 per cent of people 
■arrayed in a nationwide 
opinion poll published to- 

T&e survey, commis- 
sioned by a manufacturer, 
found that only SO percent 
of people aged over 35 had 
their eyes tested every two 

Melton Constable Hall 
in Norfolk, described as 
“the finest empty country 
house in England", is to be 
res tor ed in a £3 million 
development by a foreign- 
based investment company. 
The buyers of the seven- 
teenth c ent ur y halL the 
setting for the filz^ The Go 
Between* are keeping then- 
identity and tite price 

Stars are 
the hosts 

BBC Radio 2 announced 
yesterday that shewbusi- 
ness personalities includ- 
ing Frank IfiekL, Lonnie 
Donegan, Hnghie Green 
(ri^it) and Tbora Hbd wiD 
be presenting a weekday 
progr am me in the new 

Each week a different 
presenter wiD be the 
programme’s host Mr 
Green will be the first, on 
January 5. 

GP cleared on death 

A doctor has been cleared in Leeds Crown Court of 
attempting to murder a patient suffering from cancer. 

Dr John Carr, aged 59, of Branch Road, Leeds, was found 
not gmhy on Saturday of attempting to kill Mr Ronald 
Mawson, aged 63, a retired engineer, with a drug overdose. 

Mr Justice Mhrs-Jones was told that Dr Carr had 
injected l,000mg of phenobariritone "««*««» of 150mg, “to 
let him die with dignity”. Mr Mawson died two days later. 

Dr Carr was charged with attempted murder because it 
could not be established whether Mr Mawson had died as a 
result of the overdose or Ms terminal illness. 

Long-.erm jobless ‘melt from register’ 

Thousands ofkmgrterm un- 
employed are melting from 
the register after Jailing to turn 
up for interview under the 
Government’s controversial 
Restart programme. 

Tte Restart interviews are 
designed to advise those out of 
work for more than a year 
about government schemes 
that are available to anyone 
seeking work or retraining. 

The scheme has been tested 
in nine pilot areas. Those who 
foil to attend an interview 
automatically lose their un- 
employment pay. 

By Ronald Faux, Employment Affairs Correspondent 

The scheme went nation- Some may have found a job simply 

at the 


wide in July and if the same 
numbers ignored requests for 
interview, minions of pounds 
of unpaid unemployment 
money could be redirected 
inti) retraining. 

It ffwW aim mean that 
more than 100.000 long-term 
unemployed have been draw- 
ing benefit to which they may 
not be entitled. 

The Department of 
Employment refused to specu- 
late about why so many 
should have ignored the 
Government’s invitation. 

and left the register t 
same time the invitation ar- 
rived, others perhaps feared 
anti-fraud teams were 
associated with the Restart 
programme although the 
Department of Employment 
insists they are not. 

Officer were startled when 

melted from 


Two letters were sent out 
offering the carrot ofhelp with 
retraining ami the stick of no 
dole if they filled to attend. 
Only after tbe second letter 
and a lack of any reaction 


from the unemployed person 
>f stop- 

initial results showed that up 
' ivited 

to 10 percent of those in' 
forinlerview foiled to respond 
and many raised no objection 
when their dole c h eques 

As one officer pot ft, they 

was the drastic step o 

ping unemployment ben 

The Department of 
Employment doubts, that foe 

true figure of failures is as high 
10 pe 

per cent, as initial 
findings suggested, bat say 

that 3(X2IS of the 366,451 (or 
8J? per cent) interviewed be- 
cause they counted among the 
long-term unemployed had 
stopped claiming benefit. 

**We have no means 
measuring exactly how many 
of them are now permanently 
employed. The object has 
op- been to drawthose people who 
efit have been out of work for 
more than a year.” 

The Labour Party 
hascritidzed foe scheme, 
claiming that fewer than I per 
cent of Restart candidates 
found work directly as a result. 

New Ulster 
terrorists in 
grenade and 
gun attack 

Police are taking seriously provisional IRA bombed a- 
an apparently new terrorist pub and cafe in Newiy, Co- 
organization in Northern Ire- Down, apparently undeterred 
land calling itself the People’s by the condemnation of foe 
Liberation Army, which has town's predo m inantly Naticv 

claimed responsibility for a 
grenade and gun attack in 
Belfast city centre on Satur- 

The FLA also said it killed 
RUC Constable Derek Patter- 
son, shot dead in a residential 
district of the city on Novem- 
ber 10- 

Several men were still being 
questioned yesterday after a 
home-made grenade was thr- 
own into the pill-box outside 
Queen Street Police Station on 
Saturday. It exploded as a 
masked man ran off firing a 

handg un intn foe air. 

A policeman gave chase and 
fired a shot as Christmas 
shoppers sought cover or 
dived to the ground. His 
quarry was seen to dive into a 
doorway around the comer in 
Castle Street, the city centre 
extension of the republican 
Falls Road 

Minutes later police raided 
foe Cosgrove Bar in Castle 
Street and arrested a number 
of men for questioning after a 
revolver was found. 

Several policemen were 
taken to hospital to be exam- 
ined for eardrum damage 
from tbe grenade explosion, 
but all were released after 

At about the same time the 

nalist population after its 
disastrously inaccurate mortar! 
attack on the Edward Street; 
police station two days before,! 
when 39 civilians were injured l 1 
A bomb was left in the toilet ; 
of the Granville Anns in Mill 
Street, but a wanting was 
given and foe area cleared. It 
exploded, causing extensive 
damage but no one was hurt 
Early yesterdaythe home of 
Mr Austin Currie, a Social 
Democratic and Labour Party 
politician, at Donaghmore in 
Co. Tyrone was attacked while 
Mr Currie, his wife, and their 
five children west; asleep. 

• A man of 18 was charged 
last night with murdering Mr 
George McNally, aged 36, 
who was found with knife 
wounds outride his home in 
tbe Markets area of Belfast on 
Friday night Police do not 
believe there was a sectarian 
or political motive. 

• Tbe Government will pub- 
lish proposals this week to 
strengthen the RUCs powers 
to act against provocative 
parades intended principally 
to inftame,particulariy the 
long “loyalist tradition” of 
marching in full regalia, with 
bands playing, through 
predominantly Chtholic areas 
each summer. 


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Fears over 



By a Staff Reporter 

Five lifeboat stations on 
dangerous stretches of coast- 
line are without e: 
cover, while their own 
are “beached” for repairs, the 
Royal National Lifeboat In- 
stitution said yesterday. 

The stations — Filey and 
Flambo rough Head on the 
north east coast, Sennen Cove 
near Land's End, Dfracombe 
in north Devon and Ramsey 
on the Isle of Man — are 
temporarily reliant on 
neighbouring stations. 

The institute fears that 
could lead to delays of up to an 
hour in emeigencies. 

The boats need repairs be- 
cause of rotting woodwork in 
their hulls, caused by an 
unusual electrical friction be- 
tween tbe metal and wooden 
parts of the craft. 

The 10 worst affected be- 
long to the institute's 26 
Oakley class vessels but simi- 
lar problems have been found 
with 14 Rofoer class boats. 

Relief boats are covering 
five of the stations affected but 
that stiD leaves five without 
cover, the institute says. 

“We have a fleet to cover 
repairs but we had not antici- 
pated this rotting hull 
problem,” Mr Kipling 
said. The lifeboats at Filey and 
Ramsey should be back in 
service by the end of next 
week, and Sennen will have its 
boat back within a fortnight, 
but the earliest date for Il- 
fracombe is February, and 
next Spring for Flam borough, 
which has a special craft 

Each costs up to £100,000 to 

The Kowloon Bridge, pounded by storms. (Photograph: Jerry Kennelley). 

Oil threat operation begins 

By David Sapsted 

An operation to prevent a 
serious pollution threat to the 
Irish coast begins today, when 
salvors attempt to pump al- 
most 2,000 tonnes of oil from 
foe wreck of the freighter, 
Kowloon Bridge. 

At foe same time, Irish 
police will begin investigating 
a .! report from Canadian 
authorities that some mem- 
t&s of the stricken ship's crew 
ni*y have been involved in a 
drffgs-smugpling ring. 

The 54,000-tonne ship and 
its 160,000-tonne cargo of iron 
ore ran aground on Stag 
Rocks, off County Cork, last 
week after being abandoned 
by its crew in a storm. 

Some oil drifted ashore 
from the Hong Kong reg- 

istered vessel and, after dis- 
cussions between the Dublin 
government, foe owners, sal- 
vage crews and insurers, it was 
agreed yesterday that a Dutch 
company involved in foe 
abortive attempts to haul the 
Kowloon Bridge off tbe rocks, 
should mount an operation to 
remove the oiL 

Salvage attempts to drag the 
ship off the rocks were 'finally 
abandoned on Friday, and it is 
still dot clear what the even- 
tual fete of the wreck and its 
cargo will be: 

However, the Irish authori- 
ties decided it was time to act . 
after oil seeping out of tire 
broken-backed vessel bad 
turned up more than 40 miles 

Irish police also confirmed 
yesterday that, through 
Interpol, they had been asked 
by the Canadian authorities to 
investigate the possibility of 
foe Kowloon Bridge being 
involved in drugs smuggling. 
Tbe ship was on a voyage 
from Nova Scotia to Scotland 

A search by police and 
customs officers, however, is 
believed to have found no 
trace of drags. 

Elsewhere off the south- 
west coast of Ireland, efforts 
are expected to resume today 
to transfer 79,00(1 tonnes of 
-crude, oil from the Italian 
tanker Capo Emma, which 
suffered hull damage in *»• 
same storm that crippled the 
Kowloon Bridge. 

TV union 

The leader of the television 
technicians 1 union rejected re- 
ports yesterday that he is 
feeing dismissal as he went on 
trialbefore his union's 200- 
member general council. 

Mr Alan Sapper, aged 54, 
general secretary of the 
Association of Cinemato- 
graph, Television and Allied 
Technicians, is accused of 
helping to spend thousands of 
pounds of union fluids on 
unjustified first-class travel, 
drmJcsand meals. 

The general council was 
considering what action to 
take over foe allegations at a 
private meeting in a London 
hotel ye sterda y. Mr Roy 
Lockett, ACTT deputy general 
secretary, said no formal state- 
ment would be issued after the 

Although the general coun- 
cil has the power to remove 
Mr Sapper from foe job he has 
held since 1969, he said there 
was no question of him being 

Mr Sapper said: “I am 
concerned about my position 
within foe union, yes. but I'm 
certainly not worried about 
losing my job." 

“There is no question of 
members considering my dis- 
missal or passing a vote of no 
confidence in me as general 

Yesterday's trial comes af- 
ter a report claiming tha t Mr 
and 14 top ACTT 
spent £104,000 a year 
on “unjustified expenses”. 
One claim is that Mr Sapper 
spends £200 a month restock- 
ing the drinks cabinet in his 

Tbe matter was brought 
before the union's 35-man 
executive which referred it to 
yesterday's general , council 
meeting which Mr Sapper 

During a break in proceed- 
ings, Mr Sapper said that the 
object of the meeting was to 
consider whether he was the 
right person to recommend 
proposals contained in a re- 
port compiled for the union by ■ 
Mr Reg Race, the former 
Labour MP. Those criti cised 
many aspects of the ACTT 
leadership and management. 

Mr Sapper said: “The na- 
tional executive think that 
maybe Pm too soft in my 
approach to people to carry 
out foe very hard and strin- 
t proposals of the Race 

Union officials are anp^ 
that press reports about 
today’s meeting have con- 
centrated on the expense; 
issue. They say Mr Race' 
criticisms of travel, meal am 
drinks expenses claimed b* 

Mr Sapper and foe other toj 
officials formed only a small 
part of his report. 

It also covered items includ- 
ing finan cial, planning and 

management structure. — 

Submarine launch will 
rekindle era of glory 

By Peter Davenport, Defence Correspondent 

The legend of the most 
famous submarine to have 
seen service with foe Royal 
Navy will be rekindled tomor- 
row, when the first of a new 
class of vessels is launched. 

HMS Upholder is the first 
diesel-electric powered con- 
ventional submarine to be 
built for the Navy for 20 years, 
and is named after tbe most 
successful boat of the Second 
World War. 

1942, during heavy depth- 
charging by an Italian torjtodo 

She is the first of the Type 
2400 to be built by Vickers at 
their yard at Barrow-on-Fur- 
ness, and by 1998 will have 
been joined m service by up to 
aine other submarines of foe 
same class, in a £1 billion 
replacement programme for 
the ageing Oberon-range 

Nuclear powered sub- 
marines have the operational 
edge over diesel-eleciric boats, 
especially in range, but the 
new class have the advantages 
of silence in operation and 

The new HMS Upholder 
has six forward torpedo tubes, 
compared with the four of her 
predecessor, and they can be 
used to launch air-flight anti- 
ship missiles. 

Her predecessor was sunk 
with all hands on April 14, 

to attack a convoy north o! 

But in foe years before, 
under the command of her 
captain. Lieutenant Com- 
mander Malcolm David 
Wanldyn, foe leading sub- 
marine “ ace” of the Second 
World War, and the most 
decorated officer in the ser- 
vice, foe Upholder earned a 
reputation which lives on in 
naval history. 

In 25 patrols over 16 
months — most submarine 
crews were worn out after 
15— the submarine sank 
129,529 tons of enemy ship- 
ping in the Mediterranean, 
cutting the vital supply line to 
Rommel's troops in North 

Tbe efforts of the submarine 
fleet were acknowledged as the 
biggest contributory factor in 
the defeat of the Arnica Korps. 

There are few survivors 
from crew who served in her 
but one. Captain Michael 
Crawford, retired, formerly 
First Lieutenant to Com- 
mander Wanklyn, is still alive 
3nd will be attending 
tomorrow's launching cere- 
mony by foe Duchess of Kent. 

of N-ship 
alert plans 

By Tim Jones 

Emergency Ministry of De- 
fence procedures covering a 
reactor meltdown in one of 
Britain's nuclear powered sub- 
marines have been disclosed 
by a Labour council. 

The plans, issued on a 
“need to know” basis, relate to 
so-called “Z berths” in 
commercial ports, which have 
been designated as suitable to 
accommodate foe nuclear 
powered vessels. 

South Glamorgan County 
Council decided to release the 
document, under foe Access 
to Information Act, after the 
visit to Cardiff last week of 
HMS Warspite, tbe attack 
submarine powered by a 
pressurized water-cooled reac- 

The document shows that 
before WarspHe's visit more 
than 24,000 potassium iodate 
tablets were issued to police, 
hospitals and docks officials to 
be distributed in foe event of a 
nuclear incident A further 
20,000 tablets were held in 
reserve by a Royal Navy 
radioactivity monitoring 
team, which accompanies all 
courtesy visits by nuclear 

Fears over 
milk price 


Britain may be liable to 
repay millions of pounds to 
foe EEC Commission if a 
court rales tomorrow that a 
Milk Marketing Board former 
pricing policy was illegaL 

However there are hopes 
that the EEC will not pursue 
any claims for repayment of 
Community dairy subsidies, 
even if foe European Court of 
Justice in Luxembourg finds 
that foe Government was in 
breach of EEC law. 

The Commission is seeking 
a verdict against foe board, foe 
monopoly milk buyer from 
English and Welsh dairy 
farms, for a two-tier pricing 
system which was discontin- 
ued in 1984, soon after foe 
court action was launched. 

Under the policy, foe board 
sold milk at a cheaper rate if it 
was to be made into packet 
butter than if it was to be 
turned into butter for sale into 

EEC storage. 

Bajrtrw tim Tina itm uii . 

Austria sch 29: Bofgtum B Fro SO: 
Canada _S2.7S; Canaria _Pb. ZDO: 

Cyprus TO «nlE Denmark EUtr lO.OO: 
‘ ' ~kk 9.00; France F 8.00: W 

Finland Mkk 1 — __ 

Cermany DM 3-60: Gibraltar bOp: 
Greece Dr 180: Holland d 3-SO : imn 
Republic aOc: Italy C 2.700: t-U*em- 
bourn U 4& Madeira Esc 170: Malta 
35c: Morocco Dtr 10.00: Norway Kr 
10.00: Pakistan Rps IS: portisal Esc 
170: Singapore S&-GO; Spain Pes 200. 
Sweden So- 12.00: Switzerland S Frs 
3.00; TunMa Din 80 00: USA SI.75: 
Yugoslavia Din 700. 

Virgin ‘torpedo’ report 
met with scepticism 

By a Staff Reporter 

Security sources in London 
remained sceptical last night 
over a report that foe ex- 
tremist Arab terrorist group, 
Abu Nidal, planned to use the 
powerboat Virgin Atlantic 
Challenger n as a “torpedo" to 
attack an American warship in 
tbe Mediterranean. 

The craft, with which Mr 
Richard Branson, the pop 
music company and airline 
chief, competed for foe fastest 
Atlantic crossing, is thought 
to have been sold to a Saudi 
Arabian prince. 

According to the report, in 
the Sunday Mirror newspaper, 
the Palestinian terrorists 
planned to pack expolosives 
into the nan, capable of 65 
knots, and ram an aircraft 
carrier of the American Sixth 

The Ministry of Defence 
said yesterday that nothing 
had been beard of the idea, 
which was said to have at- 
tracted the attention of 
French, Israeli and American 
secret services. Mr Branson 
was reported to be “staggered" 
by the suggestion. 

The 72-ft boat was 
by Prince Rashid el 
Mohammed for more than 
£1 million and is due to join 
the prince's other craft at 
Monte Carlo early next year. 

Mr Chris Witty, Atlantic 
Challenger project director at 
Virgin, said that he had taken 
the boat, which was built in 
Britain by Brooke Yachts for 
£1.2 milbon, to tbe Mediterra- 
nean in October and had sold 
iiai the Genoa Boat Stow. 

Arson charge 
after fire 
traps three 

A woman was charged with 
arson yesterday after a fire 
which left a young mother and 
her two children trapped in 
their home at foe weekend. 

Lynn Thomas, aged 19, and 
her children, aged two and 
three, were rescued by a 
neighbour who smashed a 
glass door at the family home 
m Mortimer Place, Ludlow, 
Shropshire, in the early horns 
of Saturday. 

All three needed hospital 
treatment for cats and shock. 
The house was extensively 

West Mercia police said 
yesterday thata woman would 
appear before a special court 
at Ludlow today accused of 

SOth /to tro mip 19&6 



Arthritis is one of Britain’s most widespread diseases. As yet 
incurable and representing our greatest single cause of 
seriously affects about 8 million of our people of ail ages, 
including, sadly, some 15.000 of our children. 

We. the Arthritis and Rheumatism CouneiLare a charity raising 
funds for medical research into the causes and .ultimately, the cure 
of all forms of the disease; and we rely entirely on voiuntaiy 

Our current expenditure on research exceeds £6 million, and 
donations InMemoriaru form an important source of our Income. 

If you decide to make a donation to ebarity in memory of a 
loved one, or in place of funeral flowers, we ask you, respectfully, 
to remember us. 


Working to find an earlier cure. 

To: The Arthritis and Rbaain a ti ani Council for Research. 
41 Eagle Street, London WCIR 4AR 

I ask you to accept the attached donation of £- 

in memory of a loved one/in piece of funeral Rowers. 


Anwar HRH The Oucficaot Kent 

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Completion of 
M25 raises 
house prices 
by a quarter 

By Christopher Warman, Property Correspondent 
over the past four 



The completion of the M25 
motorway around Greater 
London has caused property 
pnees to rise sharply, particu- 
larly in Kent, where* the 
proposed Channel Tunnel is 
also having a marked effect, 
according to estate agents 
owned by the General Ac- 
cident Group. 

The agents, including Cobbs 
of Maidstone. Braxtons of 
Tunbridge Wells, and Flan 
and Mead of Hemel Hemp- 
Stead, report increases of up to 
25 per cent this year. They 
point out that the new motor- 
way network in Kent and 
finally the completed M25, 
have increased Kent's poten- 

House purchasers have 
recognised the trend and that 
has pushed up values. Mr 
Anthony Brooks, of Braxtons, 
says: “It is significant that 
most current activity and sales 
are in the west and north-west . 
Kent areas where there is 
easier access to the M25. 
There is heavy demand for all 
types of residential property 
and country bouses in the 
villages west of Sevenoaks and 
south of the M25, where prices 
have jumped by 20 to 25 per 
cent during 1986." 

Mr Robert Barnes, of 
Cobbs, says that some country 
houses have doubled in price 

over tne past lour years, A 
period house only a few miles 
from the motorways was sold 
by Cobbs in mid- 1982 for 
£105,000 and is currently 
under offer through them at 
£ 220 , 000 . 

"I see no reason why the 
pattern of the last few years 
should not be followed with a 
continuing demand for coun- 
try houses of character result- 
ing in even more price rises in 
1987,” he believes. 

The mid Kent area has seen 
increases well above 15 per 
cent because of the improve- 
ment of the motorway system, 
but in east Kent, values are 
about 10 to 15 per cent lower, 
being further from London 
and the motorway. 

On the northern section of 
the M25, Mr Donald Flatt, of 
Flatt and Mead, says it is 
ironic that the busiest junction 
of the new London outer ring 
road, the M1/M25, should be 
the last section to be finished. 

“It is, therefore, hardly 
surprising that the event, hav- 
ing been anticipated for so 
long, made little immediate 
impact in the area,” he says. 

Prices in south-west 
Hertfordshire and 

Buckinghamshire have risen 
in line with those of Greater 
London, varying between 15 
and 23 per cent this year. 

1.2m homes unfit for 
humans, Shelter says 

More than half a million 
pensioners in England live in 
homes officially unfit for 
humans, and 1.2 million 
English homes are unfit , 
according to Shelter, the pres- 
sure group for the homeless. 

In a booklet published to- 
day, the twentieth anniversary 
of its founding. Shelter sug- 
gests a programme to tackle 
continual problems of homel- 
essness, overcrowding and 
substandard accommodation. 

The figure of 1.2 million 
came from the 1981 English 
House Condition Survey. 

The Shelter booklet also 
discloses that: 

• More than 100,000 Eng- 
lish households are likely to 
have been declared officially 
homeless by the end of this 

• A survey in London in 
March found 4.380 homeless 
families put in bed and break- 
fast accommodation by coun- 
cils unable to offer permanent 

• A survey found 127,000 
houses in multiple occupation 
lacked effective fire escapes. 

• Government spending on 
housing fell by 60 per cent in 
real terms between 1979 and 

Stay with 
gays urged 

By Clifford Longley 
Religions Affairs 

Quest, the Roman Catholic 
organization for homosexuals 
in Britain, has urged its mem- 
bers not to leave the church in 
angry response to the latest 
Vatican document condemn- 
ing homosexual activity. 

Quest’s national committee 
says it is “acutely aware that 
there are those who feel deeply 
■and personally rejected” as a 
result of the document, issued 
last month by Cardinal Joesph 
Ratzinger, head of the Con- 
gregation for the Doctrine of 
the Faith. 

“Although the 

Congregation’s letter will be a 
source of pain and hurt to 
many, it should not be the 
cause of despair,” the state- 
ment says. 

Homosexual Catholics have 
to continue to search for the 
church's understanding, and 
Quest finds in parts of Cardi- 
nal Raizinger’s document ev- 
idence of a more 
compassionate attitude. 

It emphasized that homo- 
sexuals have not been rejected 
“as persons”. The Vatican was 
careful not simply to cate- 
gorize a person as a homosex- 
ual but to speak of the 
common fundamental iden- 
tity of all creatures of God, 
**bv His grace His child and 
heir to eternal life”. . 

Nevertheless, the indica- 
tions are that the Vatican s 
stern admonitions have 
caused severe problems for 
homosexual members of 

^ Quest enjoys good relations 
with the English Catholic 
bishops, and it is understood 
ii was advised not to m^e 
that relationship more diffi- 

cult by an outspoken attack on 

die Vatican’s document. 

over farm 

A remarkable resurgence 
was taking place in British 
manufacturing industry, Mr 
Jeremy Coleclougb. president 
of the Agricultural Engineers 
Association, said yesterday 
(Our Agriculture Corres- 
pondent writes). 

Speaking at the opening of 
the Royal Smithfieki Show in 
London. Mr Coleclough, 
whose association represents 
tractor and form machinery 
makers, said that in the past 
three years the industry had 
produced an innovative range 
of products. 

Those, with the present 
favourable sterling exchange 
rate, put exportere in a highly 
favourable position. 

Mr Christopher Evans, the 
association's chief economist, 
disclosed that last year exports 
amounted to £850 million, 
giving Bri tain a £250 million 
surplus on the balance of 
trade, a 14 per cent improve- 
ment on 1984. 

Lieutenant Commander Lawrence Jay, commanding officer of Victory, Nelson's flagship at the Battle of Trafalgar, overseeing an important stage 
in its restoration as the 72ft bowsprit was placed back in position at Portsmouth yesterday. The 1 0-ton steel horizontal mast was removed four years ago. 

TV scene 
was vetted 

By a Staff Reporter 

Mr Michael Grade, BBCI 
Television’s director of pro- 
grammes, admitted yesterday 
that it was “not. an easy| 
decision” to allow explicit 
sexual scenes to be screened 
on last night's episode of The 
Singing Detective. 

Mr Grade said that he had 
been called in to vet the 
controversial scenes on Friday 
but, alter the most careful 
consideration, had decided 
they should not be cul 

Last night's episode of the 
Dennis Potter drama was 
proceeded by the BBC’s stron- 
gest warning to viewers about 
explicit sexual content 

The scenes recalled how the 
central, hospital-bound 
character played by Michael 
Gambon saw, as a boy, his 
mother having sexual inter- 
course with her lover in a 

Mr Grade said yesterday: 
“After the most careful 
consideration and debate, 1 
decided the sequence in ques- 
tion could not be cut without 
destroying the integrity." 

Diet ‘propaganda 9 opposed 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

A swingeing repudiation of 
“crude and simplistic 
propaganda” about allegedly 
healthy and unhealthy foods is 
put forward today by a group 
of professors, doctors and 
nutritionists (John Young 

Their views, assembled in a 
book published by the Social 
Affairs Unit, are- a 
counterblast to claims that 
radical changes are needed in 
our diet if we are to lead 
healthier lives and avoid 

The book challenges at- 
tempts to link heart disease 
with the consumption of ani- 
mal fats; states that the ev- 
idence of the beneficial effects 
of high fibre diets is far from 
conclusive; rejects many of 
the criticisms made of salt and 
sugar and gives warning of the 
danger of confusing modest 

overweight with gross obesity. 

Professor Anthony Leeds, 
of King's College, London, 
states that health messages 
should not be simplified to the 
point where they misrepresent 
research simply in order to 
make them short and direct 
enough. Dr Barbara Pickard, 
of Leals University, urges 
organizations such as the 
Health Education Council to 
preach the attested virtues of 
balanced moderate eating 
rather than invent categories 
of “healthy" and “unhealthy” 
foods, inconclusively sup- 
ported by scientific evidence. 

Fibre intake has statistically 
been associated with the low 
incidence of some diseases, 
but also with a higher in- 
cidence of others, including 
stomach cancer. Professor Ian 
Macdonald, head of the 
Department of Physiology at 

Guy's Hospital. London, says. 

The book is edited by Dr 
Digby Anderson, director of 
ihe unit and a frequent 
contributor to The Times. 

.4 Diet of Reason: Sense and 
Nonsense in the Healthy Eating 
Debate, (The Social Affairs 
Unit, 2 Lord North Street, 
London SW1P 3 LB; case bound 
£9.95, paperback £5.95). 

• Health experts will meet 
fanners today to discuss ways 
in which they can work to- 
gether to combat Britain's 
epidemic of premature heart 
disease (Thomson Prentice 

A conference organized in 
London by the Coronary 
Prevention Group and the 
National Farmers’ Union will 
examine what farmers are 
doing to improve public 
health and where their 
responsibilities lie. 

Clergy urged to act against alcohol 

Church leaders from 20 
denominations wQ] be nrged at 
a conference at Lambeth Pal- 
ace on Thursday to take act 
against alcohol abuse. They 
will be told the churches can 
no longer stand by now that 

alcohol is the aumbry's third 
largest killer. 

They will be asked to chal- 
lenge advertisers and call on 
the Government to review its 
attitudes towards increased 

• Britain’s brewers and pub- 
licans launch a campaign to- 
day urging drinkers to avoid 
losing their driving licences 
thfejChristinas with the mess- 
age: “Don't get a ban get a 

vie for 
heart work 

By Jill Sherman 

A Manchester hospital is 
raising funds to start perform- 
ing heart transplant opera- 
tions in what could be a pre- 
emptive bid to become 
Britain's fourth, and possibly 
last, national heart transplant 

Wylhensbawe Hospital, one 
of the leading contenders for 
the work, has obtained district 
and regional health authority 
approval to perform four 
transplant operations early 
next year if it can raise 
privately the £100,000 needed 
to start the programme. 

Bids to add to the three 
present centres have to be 
submitted to the Department 
of Health and Social Security 

The Northern General, 
Sheffield, is another main 
contender hoping to expand 
the work done at present at 
Harefield Hospital, west 
London. Papworth Hospital, 
Cambridgeshire, and the Free- 
man Hospital in Newcastle. 
Hospitals in Birmingham. 
Lads, Bristol and Cardiff are 
also likely to compete. 

Prize goes 
to building 

Miss Anoop Gfaale, aged 21, 
from Rugby, Warwickshire, 
plans to give her building 
society account a boost with 
her share of this week’s Port- 
folio Gold weekly prize of 

Three readers share this 
week's weekly prize. 

Miss Ghale, a secretary who 
has played Portfolio Gold 
since it started said: “I was 
really happy when I beard. Fa 
too busy to take a holiday now 
but I might next year." 

Mr Neil Waterloo, aged 35, 
a carpenter from Hemel 
Hempstead in Hertfordshire 
said he had been reluctant to 
make his claim at first. 

“I wondered if 1 had really 
won, and I was very, very 
pleased when 1 found 1 had,*! 
he said. 

Mr Waterloo, who has been 
a reader of The Times for 
several years, said: “I’ll spend 
a slice of it on a holiday but I 
have no plans for the rest yet.” 

Mr S Craig Perry, of Brom- 
ley, Kent, was the third 

Saturday's daily Portfolio 
Gold prize of £4,000 was won 
by Miss E Roberts of Balham, 
south west London. 

Readers who wish to play 
the game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending a 
stamped addressed envelope 
to: Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 

BB1 6AJ. 

goods pour 
into shops ' 

Christmas shoppers have; 
been warned that the crocodile 
on the Lacoste shirt they may" 
buy is smiling too much. 
(David Cross writes). 

Like thousands of other 
goods on sale in Britain's high 
streets and markets this 
Christmas, the shirt is not', 
genuine, but one of an es- 
timated 10 million made in' 
Thailand without the 
manufacturer's permission. 

Mr Paul Carratu, of Carratu 
International private investi- 
gators, says that counterfeit 
perfumes, aftershaves, toys 
and tapes, are flooding 

Attractions outside 
London lure tourists 



By Mark Ellis 

A record 206 minion visits 
were made to to mist attrac- 
tions in England last year and 
the three most popular places 
to have opened in the past five 
years were outside London. 

The Jorvik Viking Centre in 
York, the Mary Rose Ship 
Hall in Fwtsmonth and the 
National Museum of Photog- 
raphy in Bradford were the top 
three new tourist attractions, 
according to an English Tour- 
ist Board report published 

Innovative displays making 
use of the latest 51m and tape 
technology and computer-con- 
trolled animated exhibits 
made a significant contribu- 
tion to the success of the 450 
attractions opened since 1981. 

At York, a Viking village 
has been recreated and the 
nmnber of visitors to the 
centre, which opened in 1984 
at a cost of £2.6 million, has 
exceeded expectations with 
397,290 admissions last year. 

The report says the record 
nmnber of visits to more titan 
2^00 tourist attractions was 
an increase of 4 per cent over 
the previous year and brought 
in revenue of £280 million. 

The main categories of 
attractions, museums and gal- 
leries, historic buildings, wild- 
life, leisure and country parks, 
all drew more visitors, except 
gardens, which suffered from 
poor summer weather. 

A survey of the 101 most 
visited parish churches shows 
they attracted about 3.4 mil- 
lion visitors last year who 
spent £76L000. 

The most popular tourist 
attraction with free admission 
is Blackpool Pleasure Beach 
with an estimated 6.5 million 
visits. Charging for admission, 
the Tower of London topped 
ihe list with 2A million visits. 
Sightseeing in 1 985', (Depart- 
ment D, English Tourist Board, 
4 Bramells Road. London SW4 
OBJ. £12). 

Shadow cast over cable TV 

ScreensporL the cable tele- 
vision channel which is 80 per 
cent owned by W H Smith, the 
newsagents, faces the loss of 
up to half of its 200,000 
subscribers. . . 

A decision last week by 
cable television administra- 
tion in Sweden means that the 
sports channel will no longer 
be automatically received by 
its more than 100,000 

It means that Screensport 
will have to sell its service to 
customers in Sweden on an 
individual basis and a short- 
term crisis seems 
unavoidable. _ . 

ScreensporL which is said to 

By Jonathan Miller, Media Correspondent 

be losing about £700,000 a 
year, was taken over by W H 
Smith in January. But its 
growth has been hindered by 
an insistence on collecting a 
fee from cable operators for 

every customer. 

That financing method has 
effectively kept the service out 
of West Germany, Europe's 
fastest-growing cable tele- 
vision market, where all forms 
of pay television are banned. 

Efforts to sell the service to 
the Netherlands, where, pay 
television is permitted, have 
so far been unsuccessful The 
slow growth of cable television 
in Britain has obstructed 

efforts to expand the service 
on its home territory. 

Mr Simon Hornby, chair- 
man of W H Smith, said 
yesterday there was no ques- 
tion of withdrawing financial 
support for Screensport or its 
sister channel. Lifestyle. 

The troubles of Screensport 
come just days after another 
pan-European programme 
service, Europe, shut down 
and dismissed its staff! 

O Superchannel, the pan- 
Enropean cable service fi- 
nanced by Independent 
Television and the Virgin 
group, will reveal its first 
programme schedule today. 

Vatican s ouuuim^- — 

Boatyard plans bring death threats 

„ j onuosiM him are local age, including the destruction show his 03-acre site wffl 

Rv David Sapsted omnns who are ®ftwo motor boats, was caused up smaller than it was 20 yi 

By David Sapsted w rironmental groups who are 
p ea ththreate,ano n ®^J c “ resolutely against ^plans to 
and sabotage have added make alterations to the site, 
jawing dimension W an somewhere in between a 

awrrai b ... hems <* 000 ! which, in recent 

to an 

TSiSm** tattle fcjg . 

fought over a years, has approved planning 

niece of common hord^ permission for the changes. 
SiVthe Thames at 9! aord !.„ in a letter to The Tims last 
m n to tt! _ :. fl ninK. com- ^ Robert Rmngton, 

one of the campaigners, ae- 

of two motor boats, was caused 
in one of the attacks and Mr 
Crittenden’s chandlery was 
only saved by prompt action by 
the local fire brigade Jq an- 
other incident 
The plus causing so much 
controversy involve modernis- 
ation of the boatyard indading 
new 'plant and better access, 
coupled with the council's 
reqmremait for landscaping 
the site. 

After a lengthy planning 

„ battle, the council approved 

0T «, “f Meadow,"*one of the ^b^vifr' Crittenden! He the plans in the early 1980s. 
a L of common land Zjj. -The whole thing has got Two public inquiries followed 

“Id* 51 P^ 0 hand. Extremists hare and, eventually, Mr Kenneth 

“ of the row is ^ ^ threatening my 

a^ Brfon Crittenden, who gg ^ the «fety of my 
NIr v.rf2 hoatvard 12 years gVj,.. my vehicles have been 
hoo SdrtopifrB to ancient JSaLmid there: hare been 
■R*' IS? tack more than - 

nghts S ,..^2 him to jvtore than £7,B 

Two public IjteJS 

■ |£ * the Secrttar 1 " of State “legalise a senons 
rt '&KS—, ' ^ ° n cro,cCnt 0 . Port 
“f 0 Solve the dispute ' M “ ejdo „- 
failed vo boat station rf&roe b roundly de- 

over the Metuey rf the T» cuans CritteIMielL He 


vn uubo w* _ _ . 

More t frw n £ 7,000 m fcn- 

Baker, then Seoetary of State 
for the Env i ro n ment, gave 
permission for the develop- 
ment this summer. 

Mr Crittenden has produced 
photographs which he says 

I mid 

np smaller than it was 20 years 
ago bat the environmentalist 
side denies his claims. 

The man leading the fight 
on the council is Mr John 
Power, a local eonnrillor ami 
prospective Labour parlia- 
mentary candidate. 

He is adamant that Mr 
Crittenden has changed the 
whole nature of the boatyard 
Mr Power sank “We hare 
aerial photographs to show he 
has expanded the yard by 
installing floating structures.” 

“This is a blatant abuse of 
common land,” he said. With 
local opposition building np a 
new head of steam, the council 
has referred the matter once 
more to its estates committee 
with die foil conncO expected 
to discuss the affair at its 
January meeting. 


Until December 31st, you, your car and 3 other people can cross the channel 
both ways from a mere ^40. 

Not content with that, Sealink are also throwing a party every day, on every 
departure from Dover to Calais and Folkestone to Boulogne. 

To get you in the Christmas spirit, you’ll have the chance to win a hamper or 
even a holiday on the Venice Simplon - Orient- Express, while on certain sailings we’re 
laying on free entertainment 

And talking of Christmas spirit we’d like to remind you of the shopping that’s 
available on board 

After all, England expects every man to do his dury-ftee. 



I : 



7 ' 







v : 









. ( 


:5- • 





Now from Europe's most innovative car 
maker comes a new, distinctive range of family 
saloons and estates built to stand above the 
rest - the new Fiat Regata range. 


Now Regata adds distinction to individu- 
ality, with larger windows, a lowered waistline 
and a host of other detailed changes that 
combine higher aerodynamic efficiency with 
outright elegance on the road. 

revised exhaust system, and bodyshell refine- 
ments have made Regata one of the quietest 
cars in its class. 

And one of the most comfortable thanks 
to new seats with softer - but still hard 
wearing - fabrics, greater interior width, and 
even more efficient heating/ventilation system. 




Drive the new Regata and you’ll discover 
new silence, new comfort 

Flush fitting windows, new door seals, a 

In every new Regata you’ll find power 
in plenty, supplied by a range of sparkling 
responsive engines - from 1.3 and 1.6 litres. 

And now the lOObhp Regata lOOSi.e. 
comes with single point fuel injection, adding 
even greater economy and driveability to 
proven 112mph n performance. 

Power with economy, elegance with 
comfort, refinement with individuality; you’ll 
find them all in full measure when you turn 
to Regata, together with freedom of choice. 

Take your pick from 6 Regata Saloons, 
including a superbly economical Turbo diesel 
capable of 64.2mpg at 56mph. Or opt for 
the freedom simply to pack your bags and go 
wherever you please, in either of the 2 Regata 
Weekend Estates. 

And with prices that start at just £6,196 f 
to £8,997; at last you can choose a car that’s 
generous with everything except your money. 

The new Regata, built to let you go your 
own way. 

v . 

feiigti;: ‘iF 8 

' ' 



Hailsham may 
face new legal 
challenge over 
court recorder 

The Lord Chancellor’s re- 
fusal to reinstate a dismissed 
Crown Court recorder, re- 
moved from office two years 
ago, may be challenged in the 
courts (our Legal Affairs 
Correspondent writes). 

Mr Manus Nunan, who was 
informed last week of the 
outcome of a review of his 
case by the Lord Chancellor, 
said yesterday the decision 
was “distressing". 

Mr Nunan, aged 60, who sat 
as a deputy circuit judge and 
then as a recorder fora total of 
nine years, will now ask the 
Bar Council to support him in 

bringing judicial review 
proceedings over the decision. 

The handling of Mr 
Nunan’s case was also criti- 
cized yesterday by Judge Pick- 
les, a circuit judge in the 
North-east _ 

He said: “Whatever the 
rights and wrongs, Mr Nunan . 
has not had a fair crack of the 
whip and I will be raising this 
with the Prime Minister." 

Mr Nunan, who is also to 
pursue the matter through his 
MP, Mr David Alton, Libera! 
member for Uverppol, said 
that despite an eight-page 
letter from Lord Hailsham, he 
was stffl “totally in the dark" 
as to why he was suddenly 
dismissed in August 1984. 

He had repeatedly asked for 
details of what was wrong but 
these had been refused, as had 
his request that a senior judge 
on his circuit be allowed to see 

the reports of the allegations 
against him. 

He also accused the Lord 
Chancellor's Department of 
lying over whether judges on 
his circuit had been consulted. 

At the recent review of Mr 
Nunan’s case in September, 
undertaken after a request by 
the Bar Council, Mr Nunan 
was told he was regarded as 
competent, experienced and a 
man of absolute integrity. 

But there bad been reports 
that he was “sometimes un- 
predictable, a little impatient 
and a little over-dramatic". 

Yesterday Mr Nunan said 
he believed the real reason for 
his dismissal, which occurred 
in the aftermath of tire Brigh- 
ton bombing, was connected 
with his Irish citizenship. That 
has been strongly denied by 
the Lord Chancellor. 

A transcript of the meeting 
between Mr Nunan and Lord 
Hailsham at the review of his 
case in September reveals the 
reasons for the Lord 
Chancellor’s decision. 

Mr Nunan pointed out that 
none of his cases had ever 
been overturned on appeal. 
Lord Hailsham said that was 
not necessarily the sign of a 
good judge. “It is not what you 
were but you were not, and it 
is difficult to justify a void." 

In a letter to Mr Nunan, 
Lord Hailsham said it came 
down to “tone and 
atmosphere", “professional 
personality" and “total 

Road hauliers call 
for ‘urbanwavs’ 

By Rodney Cowton, Transport Correspondent 

A system of “urban ways” 
sing road and rail routes to 
ise city traffic problems has 
sen proposed by the British 
nad Federation. 

Mr Peter Witt, the federa- 
on director, told a con- 
nrence last week that such an 
rbanway could be used to 
ise one of London's worst 
ottlenecks, the A23 to Cray- 
on and the South. 

The following motorways 
ill experience major road- 
orks from December 1 to 8 : 


U Nottinghamshire: Gontra- 
ow near junction 28 (A38 

15 Hereford and Worcester: 
ontraflow between junctions 4 
nd 5 (Bromsgrove and 
Toitwidi). Various lane do- 
ires between junctions 4 and 8 
iromsgrove and M6Ji 

ISO Hereford nd WuraUtt 
ontraflow east of junction 4 
V440 Ross-on-Wye). 

154 West Midlands: Various 
me closures between junctions 
and 7 (A449 Wolverhampton 
nd A3 Wellington). 


11 South Yorkshire: Repair 
rork between junctions 31 
ad 33 (A57 Worksop and 
.630 Rotherham). Various 
ip road closures at junctions 
1 and 32 (1Vfl8 interchange) 
ntil end of January. 

16 Lancashire; Roadworks at 

auction 23 (Merseyside) until 
nd of December. Contraflow 
e tween junctions 29 and 32 
f \6 Preston and M55 intex- 
hange) until January. 

418 South Yorkshire Delays 
ikely on contraflow between 
inciion 1 and 2 (Rotherham 
nd A1(M)) and between junc- 
ions 6 and 7 (Thorne and 
d62) until late December, 
outhbound exit and north- 
ound entry slip roads closed 
{junction 6 . _ .. 

461 Blacow Bridge: 

Construction work at mo 
aierchange. Lane closures m 
,oih directions until 

December. . ^ 

461 Greater Manchester: 
Jorth bound delays for repairs 

between junctions 3 and 6 
until end of December. 

M63 Greater Manchester: 
Major w idening at Barton 
Bridge. Various restrictions 
between junctions 1 and 
(M62 and A57). 

M63 Greater Manchester: 
f ink road from A34 junction 
10 to M63 northbound carria- 
geway reduced to single lane 
only for bridge painting. 

Wales and 
the West 

M4 Wiltshire: Contraflow be- 
tween- -junctions 16 and 17 
(Swindon and Cirencester) until 
December?. . 

M4 MM-Ghnpargan: Restric- 
tions in both directions between 
junctions 34 and 35 (A41I9 
Uantrisaniand A473 Bridgend). 
M5 Gtoncesterehi re c Contra- 
flow ai junction 1 4 (Tnorobury ). 

Northbound entry slip closed 
until mid-December. 

M5 Atm and Somerset Lane 
closures northbound between 
junctions 20 and 21 (Oevedon 
and A370 Weston-Super-Mare). 
Delays at peak times until 
December, various restrictions 
between junctions 2 and 28 (A38 
Bumham-on-Sea and A373 


MS Glasgow: Construction 
work between junctions 1 5 and 
1 7 (city centre and Dumbarton) 
until March. 

M73 Airdrie: Progressive north- 
bound lane closures between 
j unc tions 2 and 3 (M8/A80). 
M74 Strathclyde: Southbound 
carriageway closed at junction 5 
(A725). Contraflow 


M90 Fife: Contraflow between 
junctions 3 and 4 (Dunfermline 
and Kelty). Caniageway repairs 
between junctions 5 ana » 
(Glenrothes and A91 Glemarg). 

Old Master paintings 

us and Virgin are 
tilights of auction 

■Mine NonuM. Side Room Cwrespondent 

5 " which once 
2 *s mistress 
jts of Soth- 
Old Master 
inaco oo Sal- 

line Norman. Sale Room Correspondent 

1 sketch and a Lmterd portreft 
1 saK ^- man with a white far man, m 
which it had hoped great 
things, failed to find a boyer 
and was bought-™ at 
million francs (estimate 2-3 
piflfio o francs). 

The Musfie Carnavalet, 
ohiw »«-r however, had sent a repre- 
ens* "Virjpn from Paris to boy an 

i ted by pans view by Hubert 

r&s --ver sut 

P 4,440,000 ferity of medicine. It cost file 
iJmSSoo WJjSW frm«3 («j- 

L9 to Sayn- timate 2 £?i?9 0 " 450,0 ®° 
New York francs) or 
ee-faet-higb The saleroom was paoceo 
STaSS and several 
snal faria- bidding over the 
to Madame which resulted i m 
joins XVs £2^40,645 with 20 per cent 


nance, «> Masterdrawingsaboii^«^ 
some surprise high pnees, 
Sng £321,290. A cann- 
ing view of ekjgart Ffgg 
g parrot gmde 199,809 
ftancs aaaM ane^ato of 
only 5^300-70,000 francs or 

to sell 
it can get 
in France 

Women getting to grips with car maintenance yesterday at a coarse by Cosmopolitan maga- 
zine. They branded (from top, left to right): Sheila Burnett, Niklri Holman, Pippa Ams- 
worth, Susan Wood, Sarah Adams, Fiances Shepherd, and Sarah Lambonrne. 

In the EEC chair: 1 


The atari of a series in 
which Room Oakley, 
Political Editor, assesses 
what the Government has 
achieved since July in 
Europe's driving seat. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, told a sur- 
prised collection of correspon- 
dents at the end of June: “This 
is the last time I appear before 
you as a mere Foreign Sec- 
retary. From now on I shall 
have added lustre." 

He was referring 10 Britain’s 
six-month stint in the Com- 
mon Market presidency, 
chairing its ministerial 
committees or councils and 
taking the l eading role in 
charting EEC priorities, which 
began on July 1. 

Beset by the Wright case, 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher’s 
Government could do with 
some lustre. So have our five 
mouths in the chair actually 
adde d any? 

Measuring performance 
a gains t as pira tion, the answer 
has to be “not so as tbe plan 
on the No 11 would notice". 
But progress there has been 
and will be. 

Sir Geoffrey^ hope was to 
focus on positive issues such 
as cheaper air fares to reverse 
the Common Market's neg- 
ative image. He wanted the 
EEC to make “a real contribu- 
tion to the lives of ordinary 
people". Britain was to use her 
six months to drive for the 
liberalization of air, sea and 
road transport, for the promo- 
tion of world trade and for the 

effective w-ordination of EEC 
foreign policy. 

Sir Geoffrey was anxious to 
tackle the question of heavily 
subsidized over-production of 
food and tbe absurdities of the 
Common Agricultural Policy 
(examined in The Times last 

Mrs Thatcher and her Cabi- 
net were determined also to 
move on towards the creation 
of an unfettered internal mar- 
ket among the 320 million 
people of the EEC countries. 
Against that ambitious list tbe 
paper g ains which can be 
ticked off look puny. _ 

Political co-operation has 
been jerky. The sanctions 
pack age against South Africa 
is strictly limited and was 
much delayed. It took two 
attempts to win unified EEC 
action against Syrian terror- 
ism. A trade war between 
Europe and the United States 
has been averted, but only by 
buying time. 

There is no immediate pros- 
pect of far-reaching reform in 
the CAP. Indeed it will not 
even be a topic of importance 
at this week’s European Coun- 
cil summit starting on Friday. 

The practical achievements 
amount to these: 
Broadcasting a ad tfle- 
co mma mca tions: The EEC 
will not repeat over Direct 
Broadcasting by Satellite the 
damaging divisions over col- 
our television when two in- 
compatible systems were 

Member states have agreed 
on compatible standards, as 

they have on the ‘integrated 
services digital network”, an 
advanced telecommunica- 
tions system. The market for 
telecommunications terminal 
equipment is being opened up. 
Capital movements: European 
companies will be able to issue 
or buy bonds and shares in 
any member stale and restric- 
tions on long-term business 
financing across frontiers will 
be reduced. 

Doctors: Suitably qualified 
general practitioners will be 
able to work in any member 

Noise: A new directive estab- 
lishes common standards for 
te tefline domestic appliances 
with information about noise 
levels, thus averting the threat 
of some member states in- 
troducing different standards 
and banning imports from the 
rest of the Community. Maxi- 
mum noise levels have been 
agreed on motorcycles. 

At this week's council Mrs 
Thatcher and Sir Geoffrey will 
be hoping to push through 
agreement on many more 
items in a list of 13. 

These include: a series of 
measures to liberalize mer- 
chant shipping, Europe-wide 
co-o rdina tion on keeping out 
counterfeit goods, the opening 
up to competitive tendering of 
government procurement 
contracts, updating proce- 
dures on the testing of human 
and veterinary medicine, and 
legal protection of microchip 

Tomorrow: Progress In the 
drive far jobs 

Your Last Chance To Apply 
For British Gas Shares. 

You’ll Find An Applic ation Form In Tins Paper. 

If you want to apply for shares in British Gas there is still tiine. 

Applications ran be handed in at any UK branch of NatWest,Bank of Scotland 

or Ulster Bank before close of business tomorrow. 

Alternatively take them to one of the special receiving centres listed 

on the application form, before 10am this Wednesda y, December 3rd 

Huiry if you want to apply for a share of the shares. 


UP AGAINST TIME by Jeanne Willis and Trevor Melvin 




me 21 year old 
who fold British Industry 

where to go 

And got £5000 for his trouble. 

If you’ve followed the progress of the CBI 21/21 Competition 
throughout the yeai; you’ll know that in January’ we invited all 21 year 
olds to tell British Industry where to go — in not more than 
500 words. 

In March we selected 21 finalists who each received £500 and 
with the help of the sponsoring member companies below; expanded 
their thoughts into a 5000 word thesis. 

After lengthy deliberation, many many congratulations are due to 
Aron Miodownik, an engineering student at Durham University’ He 
received the £5000 winner’s prize from CBI President, David Nickson 
at the CBI’s 10th National Conference. 

So that everyone can read the wisdom of Mr Miodownik’s words, 
the CBI plans to publish his thesis, plus extracts of others, at the end 
of Industry 'ifear 

So high was the quality of the entries that the judges decided a 
second prize of £1,000 should be awarded to Thomas Dunn of Sutton 
Coldfield, West Midlands, studying Economics at Cambridge. 

Perhaps even more important than the prize money all 21 finals 
are likely to get good jobs. Hopefully before too long they’ll have a 
chance to put their theories to the test. 

So while congratulating Aron and Thomas again, we can’t help 
but think that the real winner has been British Industry 











move to cut 
costs and delay 
in civil courts 

By Frances Gibb, Legal 

Litigants will be able tq 
pursue claims more cheaply, 
quickly and in many cases 
without a lawyer under a 
radical overhaul of the civil 
courts being planned by the 
Lord Chancellor’s 

Officials are drawing up a 
paper to be published in the 
new year which will call for 
far-reaching changes in the 
practice and procedure of the 
county and high courts. 

They are seeking to cut costs 
and delays across the whole 
spectrum of the civil courts 
and also want to help and 
encourage litigants where they 
are not represented by lawyers 
to pursue their own claims. 

Chief among the proposals 
is that a large number of cases 
going to full trial could more 
justifiably be handled under a 
new land of adjudication. 

That would be based on 
arbitration as under the small- 
claims procedure but for big- 
ger claims than the present 
small-claims limi t of £500. 

The new system, before a 
registrar or judge, would be 
more informal than a full trial 
and be simpler and cheaper 
for litigants. 

Officials are considering 
whether it should cover claims 
up to a level of £5,000, 
including money disputes, 
housing cases, debt enforce- 
ment, consumer claims and 
claims for damages in road 
accident cases. 

In cases where litigants are 
often unrepresented, such as 
housing, they will be actively 

Affairs Correspondent 

helped to act on their own 
through simpler forms and 

That proposal is hoped to 
achieve the greatest cost-sav- 
ings in the civil courts which 
have become slow and 

But it win be backed by a 
number of other measures 
aimed at cutting delays. La 
particular the report will 
recommend a strict timetable 
to be laid down by courts 
within which cases must be 
brought to a hearing, from the 
issue of a writ to setting down 
the case. 

Judges would have a more 
active role in monitoring the 
progress of cases and seeing 
that lawyers adhere to the 
timetables. There would be 
automatic penalties such as 
imposition of costs, or ul- 
timately having the case 
struck out of the list, for non- 

The paper is likely, to 
recommend a target of 15 
months in the first place for 
the Queen’s Bench Division of 
the High Court, where at 
present there is a wait of more 
than 20 months. 

In the commercial court as 
overall target of 12 months 
has been proposed in a report 
from the department last 

Targets have also been 
successful in cutting waiting 
times' in the Chancery Di- 
vision of the High Court from 
14 months to nine months. 

Fears over 
army ‘war’ 

By John Young 
Agriculture Correspondent 

The Army’s proposal to 
build a £10 ariUion replica 
German village on Salisbury 
Plain, to shnnlate conditions 
in which a future war might be 
fought, has added to the fears 
over the Government's plans 
to expand military (ranting 

Villagers are puzzled why 
the Ministry of Defence needs 
the extra land, after several 
years of reducing its require- 

The Government says it is 
needed to cope with the expan- 
sion of die Territorial Army 
and the greater range of 
modern weaponry. - 

While the proposals would 
have Hihrimat effect on reduc- 
ing food surpluses, they would 
have a detrimental effect on 
the quality oftife for residents 
near by. 

People living in the Wilt- 
shire villages of TSshead, 
Chitterne, Orchestra and 
Shrewton, complain of being 
awakened in the middle of the 
night by army manoeuvres. 

Their demand for a public 
inquiry into the replica village 
proposal, known by the mili- 
tary as Fibna, an acronym for 
Fighting in Built Up Areas, 
has been backed by three 
Conservative MPs. 

Access law 
by mother 

By David Sapsted 

A mother's challenge to 
British laws giving local 
authorities the absolute right 
to suspend a parent’s access to 
a child in care wiH be derided 
by the European Court of 
Human Rights in the new 

The mother, Mrs Angela 
Blackham ofBeDe Vale, Liver- 
pool, mounted the challenge 
after her son. aged 10 months, 
was taken into care after Che 
break-up of her marriage. . 

She was prevented from 
seeing the child as a reraft of a 
prolonged social workers' 
strike and afterwards was 
denied access to. him 

At a bearing m Strasbourg 
last week, 22judges heard her 
demands that parents should 
have a legal right to attend 
case conferences on children 
in care, and that parents 
should be able to apply to the 
courts when access was 

Mr Peter Edwards, Mrs 
Blackham’s solicitor, said yes- 
.today: “At the moment, the 
law will only, intervene if 
access is terminated 

The Department of Health 
and Social Security said yes- 
terday that the Government 
would “take note” of the 
court’s decision. 



of England announces that Her Majesty's Treasury has created on 
amber 1986. and has issued to the Bank, adttaonai amounts as 

of each of the following Stocks: 

Mion 1 01 percent TREASURY CONVERTIBLE STOCK. 1992 
XI5 n 9 per cent CONVERSION STOCKJ2C 00 

lillion 8Jper cent TREASURY LOAN. 2007 

paid by the Bank on issue was In each case the mjd<Se market 
^relevant Stock at 3.30 p.m. on 28th November 1986 as certified 
vemmem Broker. 

t Her Majesty's Treasury has created on 28th November IOTb. 
sued to the National Debt Commissioners for public funds under 
S^.’S^donalarnounts as mchcawd of each of the following 

Hlion 95 per cent TREASURY STOCK, 20 VJ. 
ase the amount issued on 28th November 1986 represents e 
oHheretevam Stock, ranking in aU respects pan passu with 

rt ° ie^ to the provision contained, m the final P a ?8?P*j- of 
ffpSlii for Caphal Gams T* ate desorbed below 

nche of stock to be admitted to the Official List- . ' 

n Srock. 2000) England, New Issues. WWing 

a: sacs <*1- 

half-yearly, on the dales shown below: 



Interest payment 
7th May 

7th November 

3rd March 2000 3rdMar^i 

3rd September 

1 6th January 

16 th July 

Treasury Convertible 7th May 1992 
inversion Stock. 2000 
reasury Loan. 2007 l«»Ju*2W7 

anChfiS s£k*2000 v!S* £ifa££ 

* of 8J per cent January 1987. Official 

XSX SfiS are expected to commence 

*• ■> 

statement ;*aufld bv Her Majesty ‘8 Treasury on 

Jrawn :o the interest of the orderly conduct 

u rMfiher MflJW'V uufomliB id iflx chwp® 

£tive servants or sgerns droj*™ l h ev ^ay specifically affect 

which, or the cond '^?I!Lwf 0 f iha Government or the Bank, 
ssued or s** 1 ^accepted for any omission to make 

nsbAi y can therefore ^ ^ neitt1er render any transaction 

SSS Sf-SISS, lor 

to dinner 
among the 

By Alan Hamilton 
An aftontimier dbertisst- 
mott, be ft brandy, biOiards or 
a Beethoven string quartet, 
should be. a soporific to calm' 
tire digestion. Raking through 
a halflit charnel house full of 
spare elephant skeletons and 
rows of blank-faced cupbo ards 
labelled “skulls” seems more 
likely to turn the stomach. 

Bat these are bold times in 
the museum world, times in 
which it may be necessary to 
play upon the insatiable 
curiosity and need for tasteless 
amusement of the package 

Professor Paul Cook has a 
scheme to swell tire coffers of 
the Natural History Museum 
by inviting groups of tourists 
to dinner in the Bird Gallery, 
and then escorting than to foe 
cellars to roam among one of 
Che world's most eminent and 
unseen collections of (rid 

Beneath Alfred Water- 
boose’s magnificent 1881 
Gothic mnseam in Cromwell 
Road, in west London, tie two 
floors of basement crammed to 
the ceiling with specimens, 
stuffed aim skeletal, of all 
God's creatures. 

The mammsU department 
alone has fewer than 200 
beasts on public display, bat 
another 350,000 beasts and 
pieces of beast in the cellars, 
many of them wrapped in 

Professor Cook in the antelope room which he wants to throw open to the fee-paying tourists (Photograph: Tim Bishop). 

polythene to preserve them 
from the only tiring things 
down there apart from zoology 
students at work on doc- 
torates: beetles. 

Cast almost carelessly on a 
table top are the largest pafr of 
elephant tusks ever found, 
each weighing 225 pounds. A 
glass case contains Tyson's 
Pygmy, exhibited in 169$ as a 
tiny freak man bat later 
proved to be the skeleton of a 

young chimpanzee. 

There are whole racks of 
horns, from reindeer, Mon- 
golian sheep, ibex and oryx, 
bearing such dusty labels as 
“Shot in Basutoland, 1896”. 

King Edward VII’s Derby 
winner. Persimmon, stands 
stripped to the bone oa a 
mahogany plinth, displaying 

its lumbar vertebrae fused 
together from a life of bearing 
jockeys, and showing ad- 

vanced bone cancer at the top 
of its left bind leg. Yon can 
hardly move for okapis and 
rhinos, and a sad procession of 
stately elephants. 

Bat the art of mnseam 
display has moved on. “It was 
once the aim to show every- 
thing in the natural world, bat 
exhibiting skeletons no longer 
does anything useful for onr 
audience,” Mr Ian Bishop, the 
museum's head of his own 

species, the higher verte- 
brates, said. 

But the British Museum 
(Natural History) is not allow- 
ed to throw anything away, so 
the skeletons languish in the 
basement: there is another 
warehouse foil of them at 
ftmslfp, in west London. 

THe Natural History 
Museum’s expected deficit for 
1987 15 £1.5 milli on. 

‘should be 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 
Pressure is being mounted 
on tiie Government to amend 
the Criminal Justice Bill, with 
tighter restrictions on courts* 
use of custodial penalties. The 
effect would be to take pres- 
sure off overcrowded jails. 

The campaign is being led 
by the National Association 
for the Care and Resettlement 
of Offenders which says in a 
briefing paper today that there 
is ample evidence that the 1 
public is less punitive than is 
often assumed. 

But nothing has been done 
to translate into policy, for 
example, those parts of two 
British Crime Surveys, done 
by the Government in 1982. 
and 1984, which provide the 

In 1982 only 10 per cent of 
victims overall, including 31 
per cent of car theft victims 
and 36 per cent who had been 
burgled, favoured a prison 
sentence. The 1984 survey 
found that courts were more 
punitive than victims. 

A poll carried out in 1 982 by 
National Opinion Polls for 
The Observer and the Prison 
Reform Trust found that 
while most people advocated 
imprisonment for violent 
crimes, only a minority sup- 
ported it for non-violent 

The company that powered 
the worlds first automatic | ,£ 
is helping to bring up 

By the end of the last century the rise 
of GE (USA) was beyond dispute. Not least 
of all because in 1892 we supplied six 
special motors for the very first automatic 
push-button lift. 

From then on, a visit to the upper 
floors of high-rise buildings no longer 
resembled urban mountaineering. 

The tendency to find GE* right in the 
middle of where the action is continues to 
be as strong today. 

Extracting oil and gas from the North 
Sea in all weathers and seasons isn’t a job 
for armchair engineers. The heavy 
apparatus service division of GE has an 
important responsibility that helps keep . 
Britain’s vital energy sources flowing. 

We maintain and repair the heavy- 
duty power plants that are at the heart of oil 
rigs and platforms. And everything is carried 
out using systems that make servicing 
these units as simple as servicing your cat 

Whatever will GE, one of the worlds 
Great Enterprises, think of next? 

If you would like to know more about 
GE, write to Fiona Fyffe, Shortlands, 
Hammersmith, London W6 8BX. ' 

Chan ging faster than the world around us. 

"Trademark of General Electric Company ilJSA *,not connected 
wnh The General Electric Company PLC of England. 






British middlemen and the supply of arms to Iran 

Punjab terrorists London may be vital link in Tehran war 


ill 24 on bus 

Delhi — In the third and worst incident of random killing 
on board a country bus, Punjab terrorists last nigbt shot and 
Sailed at least 24 bus passengers in Hoshiaipur district, 
bracing yesterday's death toll in the troubled state to 26 
(Mfcfeael Hamlya writes). 

Four terrorists were reported by police to have boarded the 
bus and forced the driver at gunpoint to drive on to a side 
road. Half a mile along the road they stopped the has and 
forced the passengers off, before opening fire an them and 
killing 24 and injuring another nine. 

Meanwhile In Batata, farther sooth, two gmrmen shot one 
man dead and wooaded another in a more deliberate 
assassination operation. 

Yaminu Satellite 


Paris — Cable television 
makes a tentative start in 
Paris today when the firm 
Paris Cable begins a six- 
month trial tran s m it ting to 
about 100 homes in the 
13th, 14th and ISA arron- 
disse meats far a monthly 
140-franc subscription (Su- 
san MacDonald writes). 

Besides providing sev- 
eral French dowels, Par- 
is-Cable wOl transmit fo- 
reign stations including 
BBC1, the Italian RA1 1 
and the British satellite - 
channel, Slcy Channel. 

Jerusalem — Mr Mor- 
dechai Vanunc, The Sun- 
day Times nuclear infor- 
mant who disappeared in 
London os September 30, 
spent as hour in court in 
.Jerusalem yesterday while 
bis lawyer, Mr Annum 
Zichrooi, argued in vain for 
toe case to be held in public 
(Ian Murray writes). 

The request was refused, 
but toe court agreed to 
delay a derision on whether 
he most stay in. enstody 
until the end of all legal 
proceedings a gainst him. 

By Nicholas Beesfou 

Iran may step up its arms- 
procurement operation in 
London with the help of 
British middlemen, now that 
the supply of US weapons has 
been exposed and halted, Ira- 
nian dissident sources said 

London's importance as a 
venue for Tehran's arms deals 
was lughlighted-by The Sun- 
day Times, which claimed 
that retired US Air Force 
General Richard Seoord, act- 
ing on b ehalf of the National 
Security Council, met Iranian 
officials m a West End safe 
house to organize the ship- 
ment of weapons to Iran. 

An Iranian dissident source, 
who monitors Tehran's arms- 
buying activity, explained that 
London was vital for Aya- 

White House 

tnHah Khomeini's war effort 
for five important reasons. 

"London is a mayor ba nkin g 
centre where large amounts of 
money can be transferred 
unnoticed; London has a large 
I ranian community, where the 
comings and goings of people 
involved in the purchase of 
weapons can be concealed; 
London is an international 
arms-purchasing centre where 
British dealers have access to 
Naio equipment, which is 
badly needed for Iran's US- 

equipped forces; and London 
his good communications 
and is weli-Iocated," said the 

Hie sources claimed that 
the offices of the Iranian 
National Oil Company at 4 
Victoria Street in West- 
minster. were a front for the 
buying operation, and added 
that Iran has a staff of 50 
military personnel working in 
London who organize the 
purchase of 70 per cent of 
Iran's military needs. 

It is believed that the activ- 
ities of the Iranians are closely 
monitored by the police and 
security services. 

But in spite of questions 
raised in the House of Com- 
mons tela ting to the arms 
procurement activities, the 
Government has so far taken 

no action to curb the 

The dissident sources also 
niip gp tha t British middlemen 
have played a vital role in 
organizing shipments of US- 
made arms to Iran. 

The allegations were made 
after a US customs official 
testified in court that a North- 
ern Ireland union activist and 
a British businessman were 
wanted by the authorities for 
their part in an illegal opera- 
tion to smuggle arms from the 
US to a number of prohibited 
states , including Iran. 

The men were accused of 
complicity in an operation to 
sell sophisticated US naviga- 
tional tracking equipment, 
which consisted of 20 mobile 
and 20 semi-fixed beacons 
valued at £23,000 each. 

"It is not surprising that 

British arms dealers have 
become involved 
purchasing, because millions 
of dollars are spent . on arms 
each year by Khomeini 
through London." said one 

dissident source. 

Yesterdav the spokesmen 
from two" anti-Khomeini 
movements, the People s Mu- 
jahedin of Iran and ihe Na- 
tional Movement or Iraman 
Resistance, said that we 
London offices of the Na- 
tional Iranian Oil Company 
was a front for Iran’s global 
arms procurements. 

It is believed that up to 7U 
per cent of Iran’s require- 
ments are bought through the 
London procurement opera- 

two- ■ , 

Iranian circles in London 
believe that the revelation that 
the White House was secretly 

supplying Tehran with US 
weapons will result m Tehran 
findine it more difficult than 
ever to buy sophisticated US 
equipment on the arms 

They predict that the use of 
British arms dealers as 
middlemen will become in- 
creasingly important to the 
Iranian war machine against 

The activities of British 
arms dealers last surfaced in 
1985 when US attorneys 
prosecuting two .American 
businessmen in Chicago re- 
vealed in court that two 
Britons and one Israeli, res- 
ident in London, were in- 
volved in smuggling radar and 
night-vision equipment in 
“Operation Exodus". 

Spectrum, page 14 

Muzorewa returns 

US ‘brokers of 
death’ trial 
faces collapse 

From Christopher Thomas, New York 

Harare — Bishop Abel 
Muzorewa (below), the 


Doliai - The judge hear- 
ing ;i:e case against Union 
Cariitle over toe Bhopal 
gas triced;- yesterday gave 
toe caEGTany the go-ahead 
to dispose of its property 
provided it keeps S3 billion 
to . any judgment 
agates? it (Our Own 
Correspoudeztt mites). An 
iudepesdeat valuer will be 
appointed by the court. 

country's first black prime 
ministe r and former leader 
of a now insignificant 
opposition movement, has 
retained to Zimbabwe after 
a 16-month absence ami 
renounced politics (Jan 
Raath writes). 

The dimunitive bishop, 
die former president of the 
United African National 
Council, which ruled the 
country during its ten- 
montfa existence as Zim- 
babwe Rhodesia in 1979, 
fled secretly to America in 
July last year during na- 
tional elections. 

It’s a girl 
by choice 

Naples (Reuter) - A 
baby girl whose sex was 
predetermined by doctors 
who separated male and 
female-dele miming sperm 
during test-tube fertil- 
ization, was born yesterday 
in a Naples hospital. 

Baby Teresa, born by 
caesarian section, weighed 
just over 5V5db. She is in an 

Wmdpower in action 

Oslo — Norway has annocnced several promising init- 
iaches. bolriag wind, wave and solar power, in the post- 
scramble to develop sources of alternative energy 
(Tony SajEstag writes). 

Lei? month the nation's first wind power station came on 
stream at Froeya Island near the month of the Trondheims- 

The trial in New York of 17 
"brokers of death", accused of 
plotting to sell $2 billion (£1.4 
billion) in American arms to 
Iran, looks suddenly in danger 
of collapse. 

Government attorneys are 
intensely embarrassed that 
they are attempting to send 
the men to jail for doing the 
very thing that White House 
officials have been doing. Mr 
Benito Romano, one of the 
principal prosecutors, said: 
"Obviously new foots have 
come to light which must be 
fully developed and assessed.” 

The defendants have in- 
| sisted since bring indicted last 
April that high Aministration 
officials were fully aware of 
their scheme throughout. 

Defence attorneys have 
noted that at the very rime 
American arms were arriving 
in Iran, the US Government 
was conducting an important 
'‘sting" operation to trap arms 
merchants dealing with Iran. 

The trial is in the Southern 
District of New York in 
Manhattan. The defendants 
say the man who headed the 
Government’s sting opera- 
tions, Mr Cyrus Hashemi, an 
Iranian, also was involved in 
shipping arms to Iran at the 
behest of Administration 

Mr Hashemi died suddenly 
: in London Iasi July in circum- 
stances which his brother has 
been quoted as saying were 
! suspicious. He was a cousin of 
1 Hojatoleslam Hashemi Raf- 
I sanjani Speaker of the I ranian 

Attorneys for one of the 
defendants, Mr Nico Min- 
' antes, a Los Angeles business- 

man, who spent three months 
in jail until he could put np $2 
milli on in bail say they are 
seeking an apology from the 
Government. Attorneys for 
another of the defendants, Mr 
G uriel Elsenberg, an Israeli 
businessman, are d emanding 
that the case be dismissed. 

Another hearing in the case 
is due this afternoon in the 
Federal District .Court in 
Manhattan. Documents made 

The Red Cross will be allowed 
to visit Iraqi prisoners of war 
from tomorrow for the first 
time in two years (Onr Foreign 
Staff writes). Miss Sandra 
Singer, of tbe British Red 
Cross, said: “Many have been 
in prison in Iran for longer 
than the Second World War.” 

public so for in the trial 
include transcripts of conver- 
sations taped secretly by Mr 
Hashemi, in which there is 
discussion with some of the 
defendants about the expected 
approval for arms shipments 
by high Administration of- 
ficials, including Mr George 
Bush, the Vice-President. 

The United States Customs 
Service, which began the sting 
operation, dearly knew noth- 
ing about tbe Government’s 
aims operation. Mr W illiam 
Van Raab, Commissioner of 
the Customs Service, pre- 
viously called the defendants 
“brokers of death" The case is 
rich in international intrigue, 
including secret meetings in 
Europe, tapes of conversa- 
tions made at luxury hotels, 
and the constant invoking of 
the names of high Administra- 
tion officials. 




: Nixon with Miss Yu Fang, of the S hanghai Acrobatic Troupe, daring a 
i at the Meadowlands Sport Complex in East Rutherford, New Jersey. 

Israeli briefing on shipments 

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From lan Murray 

Tbe Israeli Cabinet was told 
in some detail yesterday about 
the way in which arms were 
delivered to Iran. 

The briefing was by the 
three ministers who knew 
anything about it — Mr 
Yitzhak Shamir, the Prime 
Minister, Mr Shimon Peres, 
the Foreign Minister, and Mr 
Yitzhak Rabin, the Defence 

This part of the Cabinet 
meeting was held in secret for 
security reasons, but after- 
wards a spokesman said that 
ministers were convinced that 
Israel bad done nothing either 
morally wrong or illegal in 
agreeing to make the deliv- 
eries for the US. Mr Peres is 
due to give another confiden- 
tial briefing tomorrow to tbe 
Knesset foreign affairs and 
defence committee. 

Meanwhile, the Govern- 
ment has told the- US that it 
will co-operate with American 
investigations into the affair. 
Officers from the Federal 

Bureau of Investigation are to 
be allowed to cross-examine 
Israeli? they believe may have 
been involved in the action. 

These include Mr David 
Kimche, the Director-General 
of the Foreign Ministry until 
last month, who is thought to 
have been the originator of the 
entire scheme. Hesuggested it 
in the summer of last year to 
Mr Robert McFarlane, who 
was then the National Security 
Adviser at the White House. 

Mr Kimche, British bora, 
had worked as an undercover 
agent for Mossad, the Israeli 
secret service, for 27 years, 

• Mr A1 (Adolf) Schwimmer 
is another Israeli likely to be 
questioned. An American air- 
man who helped Israel form 
its first Air Force in 1947, he 
went on to found Israeli 
Aircraft Industries, which to- 
day produces its own sophis- 
ticated jet fighters. 

He never abandoned his 
undercover life, and his most 
famous exploit while working 
with Mossad was in helping to 
steal the plans for the French 

Mirage after General de 
Gaulle put an embargo on 
arms sales to Israel in 1968. 

Mr Yacov Nimrodi was an 
essential member of the team 
because he had such intensive 
contacts inside Iran, where he 
worked as Israeli military 
attache in the early 1970s. 

Known to have worked 
closely with Mossad, he used 
his contacts in becoming one 
of the world's most successful 
arms dealers, living in Israel 
but with an office in London. 
He is one of about 800 private 
Israeli arms dealers who were 
given a letter of authority by 
the Government to work in- 
dependently selling arms un- 
der a system which was 
abolished only last month. 

Two men still in govern- 
ment service are also likely to 
be interrogated. These are Mr 
Amiran Nir, the counter-ter- 
rorism adviser in the Prime 
Minister's Office, who acted 
as liaison man, and Mr Nim- 
rod Novik, a close associate of 
Mr Peres, who has been his 
political adviser. 


From Our Own 
New York 

After 12 years of court 
battles and fierce Congres- 
sional argument, the United 
States Archivist is due to 
release 1 . 500.000 documents 
today from the White House 
files of the Nixon Ad- 

Former President Richard 
Nixon has spent a fortune of 
his own money an trying to 
delay public access to his 
papers. Today's release will be 
only a fraction of the 40 mil- 
lion pieces of paper and 4,000 
hours of tape that have been 
collecting dust in a warehouse 
in Arlington. Virginia, since 
he left office in 1974. 

It will be the first release of 
documents since the 12 Vx 
hours of Oval Office tapes 
were introduced as evidence in 
the Watergate trials. Then- 
release has been awaited ea- 
gerly by Presidential scholars 
and authors. 

But the likelihood is that 
they wiD contain little if 
anything sensationaL They 
are from tbe White House 
"Central Files Unit", and are 
catalogued under such sub- 
jects as agriculture, health, 
and religion. 

Still to be released are 
millions of documents on Mr 
Nixon's use of his executive 
power and thousands of hours 
of recordings of conversations 
at the White House. 

Mr Stan Mortenson, Mr 
Nixon's lawyer, said that Mr 
Nixon "is being treated dif- 
ferently from every other 
President. All we seek is equal 
and lair treatment" He noted 
that Dwight Eisenhower's files 
were kept from tire archivists 
for 15 years, and that nobody 
bad access to Harry Truman's 
files "for a lengthy time". 

He added: "It will be 30 
years before Kennedy's tapes 
come out Richard Nixon is 
being treated differently be- 
cause people don't care about 
those others. 

'For 200 years there was an 
pi broken mutual understand- 
ing that a President's files and 
records were his property. 
Every predecessor took them 
with him. We are simply 
c l a i m in g Mr Nixon's private 
property rights." 

Reagan’s men fear Kremlin wrath 

By Andrew McEwen 
Diplomatic Correspondent 
The West feces a major 
psychological disadvantage in 
arms control talks beginning 

Some form of Soviet re- 
l action against Washington’s 
technical breach of the 1979 
Salt 2 treaty is widely ex- 

Many Western diplomats 
believe the Kremlin will show 
its displeasure when its strate- 
gic arms control negotiators 
I meet US officials in Geneva. 

Three meetings have been 
scheduled in the hope of 
regaining some of the impetus 

dissipated since the Reykjavik 
summit. The talks were in- 
tended to break the long gap 
between the last round, which 
ended on November 12, and 
the next, scheduled for Janu- 
ary 15. 

The temptation for Moscow 
to turn tomorrow’s encounter 
into a poim-scoring exercise 
will be strong, the diplomats 

Washington’s decision to 
authorize the first flight of the 
131st B 52 bomber equipped - 
to carry cruise missiles was 
described as “a straight propa- 
ganda gift to the Russians". 

The Administration ig- 

nored the virtually unanimous 
- views of its European allies 
that the treaty limits should 
not be exceeded. 

American claims that the 
decision was made in response 
to Soviet breaches of the same 
treaty have been only partly 

Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, said the de- 
cision "will make it more 
difficult to search for- ap- 
proaches to disarmament". 

Meanwhile, the semi- 
paralysis of decision-making 
in Washington, following the 
Iranian arms revelations, 
threatens to overshadow two 

important Nato meetings. 

The Nato defence ministers 
are to meet in Brussels on 
Thursday and Friday, fol- 
lowed by the foreign ministers 
a week later. 

The second meeting is of 
major importance, as Nato 
has to decide what attitude to 
take to the Warsaw Pact’s 
"Budapest Appeal", which 
proposed that each side with- 
draw 500,000 iroops from 
Central Europe. 

Cuts of that order would be 
one of the essentia] conditions 
that might persuade Britain to 
allow Trident to be negotiated 
away in the distant future. 

Fraud search finds 
‘Dead Sea scroll’ 

From Our Own Correspondent, Jerusalem 

tf you are hungry for more 
channels on TV, take a look at the 
Nesat television system. From NEC. 

NEC have unrivalled experience 
in satellite. We helped ittake off, and 
since then we've made over 50% of 
the earth stations in the world. 

For tomorrow's television in your 
living room today, put your trust in 
the people who know satellite best 
Write to NEC at the Satellite 
TV Dept, NEC Business Systems 
(Europe) Ltd.. 35 Oval Road, London, 
NW1 7EA, or telephone 01-200 0200. 


An old leather manuscript, 
which might be part of a 2,000- 
year-old Dead Sea scroll, has 
been discovered in Bethlehem 
during investigations into an 
important fraud case involving 
the District Commissioner of 
Jerusalem, Mr Rati Levy, and 
the Armenian Archbishop 
Sbahe A jam tan. 

Tbe scroll has been taken 
for testing to try to verify its 
age and whether it is genuine. 

Experts believe tint 30 or 
more of the Dead Sea Scrolls, 
which were hidden in caves 
near toe monastery of the 
Essene sect at Qnmran aroond 
AD 70, ' have been hidden 
away since their discovery 
nearly 40 yeans ago. 

Even tiny fragments of the 
scrolls have changed hands for 
enormously high prices, and 
I the Israeli Government has 
■ brought iu a law which makes 
it illegal to sell them to anyone 
other than the state. 

Several wealthy private 
collectors or institutions are 
nevertheless believed to have 
kept or obtained parts of toe 

The piece discovered in 
Bethlehem was in the home of 
two brothers remanded in 
custody for questioning about 
the fraud case. Other valuable 
antique objects were also 
found by police searching their 

With their arrest police 
believe they have now finished 
their search for evidence of 
stolen goods and documents 
needed in the case. 

Archbishop Ajamfen has 
now been released on bail of 
the equivalent of some 

He is under investigation For 
illegal possession of firearms 
and for using bribes to obtain 
identity cards for friends front 
Mr Levy, who is still re- 
manded in custody. 

First National Securities 

Base rate 

First National 
Securities Limited 
announces that 
with effect from 
1st December 1986 
its base rate for 
lending will be 
11 %%. 

CoU «* R*»«. 





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Revenge for Beirnt car bomb 


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Killing makes macabre street 
theatre as camp battle rages 

Ii was a macabre way of 
diverting attemion from the 
real, savage war. Hooded gun- 
men of ihe Shia Muslim Amal 
militia of Mr Nabih Berru the 
Justice Minister, look the law 
into their own hands and 
executed" an alleged car 
b&rnber in the southern sub- 
urbs of Beirut before a crowd 
chanting: “We hope you don't 
come back any more." 

Children and women stand- 
ing on the balconies of a 
narrow street in the Haymadi 
neighbourhood ignored the 
blasts of artillery shells from 
the nearby Palestinian camp 
of Bouo el-Barajoeh and 
watched as scores of Amal 
gunmen dragged a man 
wrapped in a sheet from a 
brand new burgundy-coloured 
Plymouth limousine. 

The gunmen below them 
cocked their weapons, threat- 
ening to shoot in the air as 
they made their way to a 
junction where Mahmoud Aii 
Janad was “sentenced" to die 

From Juan Carlos Gnmndo, Beirut 

for his alleged role in a car 
bomb that lulled seven people 
at the same spot in February 

The bizarre affair was or- 
ganized so as to allow a 
balding man in his forties time 
lo tell reporters bow seven of 
his relatives were wounded by 
the car bomb. Then one of the 
hooded gunmen briefly re- 
moved the sheet from the 
victim's head to ask him 
formally for his name and for 
those who had been behind 
the attack. “The Lebanese 
Forces." he replied, referring 
to the main Christian militia 
in east Beirut. 

The firing squad of five men 
emptied the magazines of 
their Kalashnikovs into the 
condemned man, who fell 
forward and then jolted into 
the mound of red earth behind 
him. The gunfire shredded the 
sheet around the victim, deaf- 
ening the curses of the crowd. 
Normal street life might have 

Canadian Liberals 
set to back Turner 

From John Best, Ottawa 

Mr John Turner, leader of 
the Liberal Party of Canada, 
appeared poised yesterday to 
win a vote of confidence from 
delegates to a party conven- 
tion in Ottawa. 

But whether the vote would 
be strong enough for him to 
carry on effectively as leader 
remained unclear as voting, 
which began on Saturday 
night, resumed. 

The result was expected to 
be announced towards the 
middle of Sunday afternoon. 

All indications were that the 
former Prime Minister, aged 
57, would obtain the support 
of most of the close to 3,000 
Liberals from across Canada 
voting on whether the party 
should hold a new leadership 
convention. Periodic votes on 
the leader’s performance are 
provided for under the Liberal 

But the bare majority would 
be insufficient for him to 
remain in effective control. 
Most observers agreed that at 
least 60 per cent and pref- 
erably 70 or 75 per cent, was 
required to give him a firm 

mandate and subdue, if not 
silence, his highly vocal critics I 
within the party. i 

Some polls indicated that 
the leader would receive such 
a comfortable maigia 

The Mr Turner was in a 
buoyant mood throughout the 
convention, which began on| 
Thursday night and ended! 
yesterday. There was no doubt 
that pro-T uraer forces were in 
charge of the gathering. 

The leaders's portrait was 
everywhere. Turner scarves, 
and trinkets were on sale in , 
the convention corridors, and 
groups of supporters lustily 
cheered his every appearance. 

Possibly the most fateful 
policy decision taken by the; 
convention was the near- 
unanimous adoption of a| 
resolution that would give 
French-speaking Quebec a 
veto over future constitu- 
tional changes. Alone of the 10 
Canadian provinces, Quebec 
refused to accede to the 
present constitution when it 
was adopted in 1982, but now 
it wants to join, if it can get 
favourable terms. 

returned to the scene had not 
the roar of heavy artillery less 
than a mile away sent the 
spectators scurrying indoors. 

Savage battles between 
Amal and Palestinian guerril- 
las defending the Bourj el- 
Barajneh and ChatiUa camps 
continued all day, with the 
guerrillas still holding on to 
the smouldering ruins of 
ChatiUa under the mortar and 
tank fire which has been 
directed at them since Wed- 

In the hilltop village of 
Magdoucfae, east ofSidon. the 
battle between the sides en- 
tered its second week with no 
winners or losers. Supported 
by Lebanese Army armoured 
units. Amal was apparently 
still in control of half of the 
village which overlooks two 
refugee camps in the outskirts 
of Si don and the main coast 
road to Tyre. 

Video fooiage shot by a 
Lebanese cameraman, who 
followed Amal in their latest 

Papal tour 
hailed as 
big success 

Perth (Reuter) — The Pope 
yesterday wound up a remark- 
able odyssey throughout the 
length and breadth of Austra- 
lia that was hailed by com- 
mentators as a resounding 

In less than a week he 
travelled 6,000 miles, visiting 
the capital of every stale and 
territory, as well as Alice 
Springs in the desert centre of 
the vast continent 
“He is a remarkable man, 
and a singular force for good. 
Australia has been honoured 
by his presence." said The 
Age i the influential newspaper 
based in Melbourne. 

The Pope’s frantic schedule 
gave him only a few hours in 
many places, but the tour 
made a big public impact 
The Roman Catholic 
Church hoped the Pope's 
performance would reverse a 
major decline in religious 
practice and priestly vocations 
in Australia. 

Archbishop Edward Clancy, 
president of the Australian 
Bishops' Conference, said it 
was too soon to say whether 1 
this would be achieved. 

onslaught ' early yesterday 
morning, showed scores of 
bodies littering the streets of 
the Christian village. Radios 
said that 150 people had been 
killed and about 260 wounded 
in 24 hours of fighting in 
Beirut and Magdouche. 

In Tunis, the Palestine Lib- 
eration Organization denoun- 
ced Antal's campaign as an 
operation seeking the 
“destruction and liquidation" 
of Palestinian refugee camps 
in Lebanon and officially 
asked for an extraordinary 
meeting of the Arab League. 

It was against this back- 
ground of a grave deteriora- 
tion in security over a large 
part of Lebanon that Mr 
Muhammad Mehdi, sec- 
retary-general of the New 
York-based National Council 
for Islamic Affairs, arrived in 
Beirut in a new attempt to 
gain the release of 17 for- 
eigners held hostage in 

show teeth 

From Roger Boyes 

Poland's post-Solidarity 
trades union movement 
wound up a politically im- 
portant congress at the week- 1 
end with a welter of criticism | 
about the problems of living 
in a land of short supply. 

Dozens of delegates rep- 
resenting the seven million 
members of the officially 
funded organization attacked, 
in working groups and in 
plenary sessions, poor work- 
ing conditions, the housing 
shortage, consumer difficult- 
ies and inefficient manage- 

By Soviet standards, it was a 
relatively outspoken congress. 

The Polish Government is 
encouraging these critical 
comments because it wants to 
show that the new unions 
created after the banning of 
Solidarity are not just the 
poodles of the authorities. At 
the same time the unions have 
to demonstrate, especially to 
visiting Soviet bloc delegates, 
that they are not anti-socialist. 

•' / - 

1 •• ..VAK> *i'« ■ . . ■ ~ E.IIPMBIIII ■ *7 — — 

Professor Lincoln Lncena of Brazil, left, conceding the contest in Dnbai for presidency of the 
International Chess Federation to Mr Ftorendo Cam po manes of the Philippines. 

Fide chief wins bitter fight 

From Raymond Keene 
Chess Correspondent 

After a bitter behind-the- 
scenes straggle. Professor Lin- 
coln Lncena, the Brazilian 
candidate for the presidency of 
the World Chess Federation 
(Fide), has conceded victory to 
bis opponent, Mr Florendo 
Campomanes of the Phil- 
ippines. Mr Campomanes, 
first elected in 1982, will now 
hold the post for another four 

It had become dear by last 
Wednesday, when Dr Nikolai 
Krogins announced that the 
influential Soviet Chess 
Federation was throwing its 
weight firmly behind Mr 
Campomanes, that Professor 
Locena's position was no 
longer tenable. 

In admi tting defeat on Sat- 
urday morning without a vote, 
Senhor Lucena strove, in his 
own words, “to avoid an 
exacerbation of die conflicts 
within Fide which might have 
threatened a split iu the World 
Chess Federation". 

With Dnbai as host. Profes- 
sor Lncena had to straggle 

against fearsome odds. At a 
press conference on November 
19, Mr Ahmed Abdullah Abu 
Hussein, the General Sec- 
retary of the Supreme Council 
for Youth and Sport in the 
United Arab Emirates, an- 
nounced: “Dnbai and the 
Olympic Organizing Commit- 
tee confirmed at the opening of 
the Olympiad that they dearly 
supported Campomanes for 
re-election as Fide president." 

To emphasize this, the Dn- 
bai Olympiad hosts spent 
about £700,000 on inter- 
national air tickets. Officially 
these tickets were intended for 
“delegations not able to fi- 
nance their air ticket costs to 
attend the Olympiad". 

However, publication of the 
foil list of recipients of this 
largesse elicited surprise, 
containing as it did the federa- 
tions of Spain, Greece, Italy— 
all prominent Campomanes 
supporters — but excluding the 

much poorer federations oCJor 
example, Bermuda and Zim- 
babwe. Sixty-seven of the 
federation's 12S members 
hare benefited. 

Ironically, it was from Dn- 

bai in February 1985 that Mr 
Campomanes set off to Mos- 
cow to terminate the notorious 
first Karpov-Kasparov match. 
Now, also In Dnbai, a powerful 
players' association has arisen 
from the ashes of the Lncena 
campaign beaded by Gary 
Kasparov, the Soviet world 
champion and Mr Campo- 
manes's fiercest critic, to safe- 
guard top players' interests 
and keep a firm watch on the 
Fide leadership. 

After 13 rounds of the 
Olympiad here, the US leads, 
with 36 V* points ahead of the 
Soviet Union on 36 and Eng- 
land 35V*. The England team 
is already assured of the 
bronze nw«d«l when the result 
of today's 14th and final round 
are known. Nevertheless, a 
final sport might even achieve 
the gold or silver medals for 
our players. 

The three leading teams in 
Dnbai have dominated the 
Olympiad, and whatever the 
final placing of the England 
squad, their performance was 
fnlly in the class of their team 
silver medal from the Salonika 
Olympics of 1984. 

the vote 

Madrid - The Muslim 
population of the Spanish 
enclave of Melilla in North 
Africa is demanding propor- 
tional representation and call- 
ing for postponement of 
municipal elections until 
Muslims are allowed to vole 
(Harry Debelius writes). 

A document drawn up by 
the leader of the Muslim 
community, Mr Aomar Mo- 
hamedi Dudu. warns that, if 
municipal elections are held 
next June without first assur- 
ing equal rights and voting 
privileges for Muslim res- 
idents. “the Muslim people of 
Melilla will not accept the 

New President 

Abidjan (AP) — Ivory Coast 
voters have overwhelmingly 
approved a new constitution 
and elected General Andre 
Kolingba as President. Bangui 
radio announced. 

Rabies case 

Ceuta (Reuter) — Health 
officials here have detected a 
case of rabies and have 
banned the transport of dogs 
and cau to Spain to prevent 
the spread of the disease. 

Best film 

Rio de Janeiro (AP) - The 
British film. My Beautiful 
Laundrette. won the Golden 
Toucan award at the third 
annual Rio International 
Film, Television and Video 
Festival, beating 57 films from 
IS countries. 

Death plunge 

Bogota (AFP) - A 31 -year- 
old Colombian paratrooper 
crashed to his death when bis 
parachute failed to open dur- 
ing a series of exhibition 
jumps designed lo attract new 
recruits to the para troop 

Pearl fortune 

Peking (Reuter) — China's 
official news agency praised a 
£38.000-a-year pearl former 
who “may well be the richest 
of all tiie new rich peasants in 

Dog's life 

Metheuu. Massachusetts 
(AP) - Lucky, an 8-year-old 
alsatian police dog. is living 
the retired life of a household 

? it complete with a pension of 
1.50 a day after a six-year 
career that included helping in 
12 arrests. 

lY U ■ 

When you're in the fast lane, the last thing 
you should be doing is scrambling for your car- 
ohone to take a call from the office. 

With a Panasonic car-phone you can 
take any incoming calls on the hands-free 
■ system, at the touch of a button. 
.jKSSsfe- The small, discreet microphone 

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don't have to touch the hand-set during a call. 

And with it's speed dialling function you can 
call any one of up to 30 numbers in the memory 
by pressing only 4 buttons, and still use the 
hands-free system. 

With a Panasonic car-phone you can 
safely get hold of your secretary but still keep 
both hands where they should be. On the wheel. 

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me details on Panasonic Cellular. 




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Taiwan bars return of 

US to fie 

A Taiwanese political dis- 
sident failed yesterday in bis 
attempt to return to the island 
from his self-imposed exile in 
the United States in time for 
legislative elections scheduled 
for December 6. 

Mr Hsu Hsm-iiang, aged 40, 
and his 23-member entourage 
were refused permission to 
board a Cathay Pacific Air- 
lines flight from Tokyo to 
Taipei because they did not 
have proper entry visas. Mr 
Hsu meed sedition charges 
stemming from political riots 
that took place in 1979. 

Mr Ramsey Clark, former 
US Attorney-General who was 
to accompany Mr Hsu to 
Taipei, stayed in Tokyo with 
Mr Hsu to see if he and his 
supporters could board an- 
other plane today. However, 
several ofMr Hsu's supporters 
did return to Taipei last night 
. Meanwhile, some 300 Tai- 
wanese police clashed with 
2,000 supporters of Taiwan's 
Democratic Progressive Party 
in a series of confrontations 
yesterday on an access road 
leading to Taipei's Chiaog 
Kai-shek airport 

Seven demonstrators were 
injured and one policeman 
was hurt in the dashes. The 
demonstrators threw stones at 
the police, who responded to 

From Robert Grieves* Taipei 
the first attacks with water 
cannon and to two further 
attacks later in the day with 
tear gas. 

Helicopters circled over the 
airport. In addition, a dozen 
armoured personnel carriers, 
with mounted machine-guns, 
patrolled the airport peri- 

In a related development, 
the flag of the ruling Kuomin- 
tang was burnt and a pig was 
slaughtered at an opposition 
election rally in the southern , 
city of Kaohsiung. 

...a .* jP* : ' 

t -* 

* flfrf 

- I 

Dr You Qing, a spokesman 
for the DPP, admitted at a 
press conference yesterday 
that Mr Hsu's attempt to 
return to Taiwan could create 
problems for the fledgling 
party, the first to oppose the 
ruling Kuominlang in 37 

“Mr Hsu decided for him- 
self to return,” Dr You said. 
“He isn't formally a member 
of the party, but we believe it 
is the right of all citizens to be 
able to return to their 

At a government news con- 
ference yesterday. General 
Meng Chao-shi, the com- 
mander of the airport police, 
said that two weeks ago the 
Government had informed all 
airlines that might bring Mr 
Hsu to Taiwan that they 
would be doing so at their own 

Afrikaners renew 
‘pact with Goa 
to keep white rule 

*■ _ 1 pMnardnrn 

From Michael Hornsby, Knigersdorp ^ ^ 
r This is E 0 ^S ® ^ 

In a solemn colony of * | e remember that 

« ha-ringing and 8M® read* t j, e , s tood op a nd said they 
SnSSra 000 Afrika*e£ “VS* be SOW one he 

SeterTed by ponroBg ram, ^ „ apparent ref- 

' f { ? Hir , A 

to a fight 

above, leaders of the extn 
Ite nde while, below, the 
ho band as Mr Tore'Bb 

AWB arrive to 

to the rally. 

Mr Hsu facing a press 
conference in Tokyo. 

General Meng also said 
that, while the Government 
sympathized with the political 
opposition, demonstrators 
had not secured a legal permit 
to stage their protest 

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Statutory Maternity Pay is a new maternity 
scheme for employees. 

It will replace the existing maternity pay 
scheme run by the Department of Employment, 
and maternity allowance paid by the DHSS. 

Employers will be responsible for paying Statutory 
Maternity Pay to their employees, but they will be 
able to recover the amounts they pay out in full. The 
new scheme starts from April 6th 1987 for women 
whose babies are due from June 31st 1987. 

An Employer's Guide to Statutory Maternity Pay 

will be sent to you soon. It will tell you who is eligible 
for Statutory Maternity Pay and how you, the employer, 
must operate the scheme. 

You will need the Guide to help you prepare for 
the introduction of Statutoiy Maternity Pay. So if, as 
an employer, you haven’t received it by December 
15th, please ask for it at your social security office or 
write tor DHSS Leaflets Unit, PO Box 21, Stan more, 
Middlesex, HA7 IAY. 

Refor min g Social Security 


MM :.- '! v v v 

H^eterTed by pouring rauu 
eatha ed at the foot of a 
sandstone obelisk here at the 

SSkendto renew “a cov warn 

with God” to preserve a wfete 

Afrikaner state m Smttn 
A r£’rafly was organized by 

the neo-fascist . Afr&anw- 
Weerstasdsbeitegmg (Amk 
oner Resistance Movement » 
AWB), which has become the 

most potent extra-parlia- 
mentary voice of extremist 
white resistance to any fonn m 

nflfiti ffli accommodation wim 

South Africa’s black majority. 

The saamireL, which i mbs 
fnmiwp together, was beM at 
the Paardekraal Monnment 
on the oatsirirts of this town 
named after Panl Kroger, who 
pitted bis Transvaal Republic 
against die might of the 
British Empire in toe Boer 
War of 1899-1902. 

The AWB leader, Mr En- 
gene Terre ’Blanche, and 31 of 
his colleagues, dressed as Bw 
War commandos, rode to the 
rally on horseback from Pre- 
toria, 3fl miles away. 

Their arrival was greeted by 
thanderovs chants of “Ah Vay 
Bay”, the group's initials in 
Afrikaans which packs a 
satisfying alliterative punch, 
and waving of the organ- 
ization’s swastika-tike flag of 
red, white and Mack. 

Earlier, there were cheers as 
a horse-drawn carriage un- 
loaded a number of peopl e 
dressed in period costume, 
intended to represent Kruger 
and other famous figures of 
Boer history. 

“The Afrikaners are the 
chosen people of the world,” 
die bearded Mr Terre'- 
Bhmche, a poet, playwright 
and former policeman and 
presidential bodyguard, told 
the crowd. “Because we have 
made this covenant, we have 
no choice bnt to fight We will 
rale this country in His Name. 

“They are not going to sell 
ns out so cheaply tub time. 

Pretoria pursues policy 
of forced resettlement 

From Onr Own Correspondent, Johannesbnrg 

Pretoria is taking advantage 
of the state of emergency 
declared on June 12 to pursue 
a campaign of forced resettle- 
ment of blacks by stealth and 
intimidation, political oppo- 
nents say.. 

“It is die most discreet piece 

of social engineering yet un- 
dertaken by the Govern- 

dertaken by the Govern- 
ment,” according to Mr 
Andrew Savage, the anti- 
apartheid Progressive Federal 
forty's MP for the Walmer 
constituency in Port Eliza- 
beth, in the Eastern Capa 

It is estimated that as many 
as 80,000 people have been 
moved, are being moved, or 
are under threat of bring 
moved so as to increase the 
distance between black town- 
ships and residential areas 
reserved by law for whites. 

The Government, which 
pledged in February 1985 that 
all forced removals would be 
stopped, contends that black 
residents are moved only after 
they have given their consent 
This, however, is not the 
impression of independent 
monitoring groups. 

Firstly, Pretoria's idea of 
“consultation” usually in- 
volves talking to a few co- 
operative black councillors, 
who are offered financial in- 
ducements to move and are 
then held to have spoken for 
the rest of their communities. 

In addition, since the emer- 
gency, thousands of political 
activists have been thrown 
into jail, weakening the ability 

of black communities to or- 
ganize resistance. 

The biggest removal since 
the emer g ency was declared 
occurred in the Eastern Cape 
whore some 40,000 people 
were shifted from Langa and 
other black townships on the 
doorstep of “white” Uit- 

A concrete fence has been bntit 
around part of Soweto, and its 
15 million people have 
dubbed it the “Berlin Wall” 
(Onr Own Correspondent 
writes from J hanoesburg). 

There are already barbed- 
wire entanglements around 
Zwide, KwaZakhele and New 
Brighton, Mack townships 
near Port Elizabeth. 

collage to a sprawling tem- 
porary tent camp some miles 
away. Such was the eagerness 
of the authorities to exploit 
the disarray in black commu- 
nities that they did not wait 
for completion of eveq the 
minimal facilities of resettle- 
ment sites. 

At least eight other black 
communities in the Cape are 
threatened with removal. In 
Transvaal, the 10,000 remain- 
ing black residents ofOukasie, 
outside the industrial town of 
Brits, are also fighting a 
rearguard action against evic- 

Oukasie (an abbreviation of 
ihe Afrikaans for Old Loca- 
tion) is seen as the most clear- 
cut lest case of the Govern- 
ment's intentions. 



Contents for sale by Auction 

Wednesday 10 December 1986 
at 1030 am 

Viewing: preceding Friday, Ipm-4pm, 
Saturday, 10am-4pm and Monday, 10am-4pm. 
Catalogue £250 (£3 by post). 
Admission by catalogue only 
(catalogue admits two). 

Enquiries: Michael Shortall. 

Phillips, ii Bayle Parade. Folkestone; KentCT20 ISO. 
Tel: 0303 45555 


\ n t a. <fh . A „ / 

? s 


ranee to those who surren- 
dered to the British in 1902. 

Mr Terre’BIsnche played 
on Boer War memories, recall- 
ing the “27,000 women and 
children” who died in Brrtisb 
refugee camps, which officials 
called “concentration camps , 
a term that half a century later 
was to acquire a meaning they 
could not have foresero. 

Paardekraal was the name 
of a farm once belonging to 
Andries Pretorins, one of tlm 
most famous voortrekker lead- 
ers. Some 6,000 Boers (now 
known as Afrikaners) raft- 
ered there in December 188® 
and hoisted the flag of the 
Transvaal Republic. They 
swore to restore the indepen- 
dence of the Transvaal, which 
had been annexed by the 
British three years e arlie r, and 
built a cairn of stones, a 
symbol of unity, on the spot to 
commemorate the occasion. 

The Boers won a number of 
battles against the British and 
the Transvaal was given back 
a large measure of setf-rul e. In 
1891 the obelisk was erected 
over the cairn as a permanent 

It is said that during the war 
of 1899-1902, the British re- 
moved the stones from the 
base of the monnment and 
threw them into the Vaal 
River. “Oar enemy knew that 
without our unity, we were 
nothing,” Mr Terre'Blaiiche 
said, recalling the incident. 

To an J idience steeped in 
Boer history, he did not have 
to spell out the meaning of his 
allegory — President P.W. 
Botha is destroying Afrikaner 
unity by giving in to foreign 
pressure to grant political 
righto to blacks. In so doing be 
is reneging on the covenant 
with God, which the Afrikaner 
people, according to national- 
ist mythology, entered into 
after the “miracle” of their 
victory over the Zulus at the 
1838 Battle of Blood River. 

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British Gas pic 

Share Offer 


M Rothschild & Sons Limited 

on behalf of 

The Secretary of State for Energy 

Under offers in the United Kingdom, 
the United States, Canada, Japan and Europe 
4,025,500,000 Ordinary Shares are to be sold 
at 1 35p per share payable in instalments of 50 p now, 

45p on 9th June, 1 987 and 40p on 1 9th April, 1 988. 

issued. of , £e?i^D^^teS < Sfiwfin^Ki?irw; of St 2£ k Exchange for the whole of the ordinary share capital, issued and to be 
of the Listing Particular fhif^ruS'iI^i^wSmS 31 Th ^ f® n .®'wng information should be read m cocy unction with the foil text 
clearing SS S SSiSiS SSS. 1 2J 6 - r S 11,,B t0 J B T iti ? 1 ? ^ ^ ®f’ "hi* are availaWeai British Gas showrooms, 
s nes and post offices. \bu are advised to read the Listing nflicuhn ivyfpn° rpnr m'mg ynur appiictioa 


(a) Applications 

Applications must be received by 10 a.m. on Wednesday, 
3rd December. 1986 for before close of business on Tuesday, 2nd 
December, 1 986, if the form is taken by hand to any U.K. branch 
or National Westminster Bank PLC, Bank of Scotland or Ulster 
Bank Limited). Photocopies of application forms will not be 
accepted in any circumstances. The right is reserved to reject, in 
whole or in part, any application. Once made, applications may 
not be withdrawn. 

(b) Allocations of shares 

The basis of allocation of the shares is expected to be 
announced by Monday, 8th December. 1986. 

If you are successful, h i whole or in part, you will be sent 
a temporary document of title (a letter of acceptance) for the 
shares allocated to you. 

If there is heavy demand for the shares, you may receive 
fewer shares than you apply for or. in some cases, none at afl. 

If your application is not accepted or is only accepted 
in pan, you will receive (without interest) all money paid on 
application or a refund cheque for the balance of the money paid 
on application. 

(c) Dealings 

It is expected that dealings on The Stock Exchange will 
commence at 2.30 p.m. on Monday, 8th December, 1986. Letters 
of acceptance are expected to be sent to successful applicants 
on Monday, 15th December, 1986. Applicants who deal before 
receipt of a letter of acceptance will do so at their own risk. You 
should also note that some dealers in shares may insist on seeing 
your letter of acceptance before purchasing your shares. 

You will not be liable for stamp duty orstampdnty reserve 
tax on your application for shares. If you sell your shares, the 
purchaser will be liable to pay any stamp duty or stamp duty 
reserve tax. 

(d) Further instalments 

You win be sent reminders in advance of the dates wfaen- 
lhe second and third instalments become payable. At the time the 
reminder is sent for the second instalment (thie by 9th June, 1987) 
you will also be sent an Interim Certificate to replace the letter of 
acceptance despatched following the Offer. After you have paid 
your final instalment (due by Iwh April, 1988) you will be sent 
your fi nal share certificate. If you do not pay any instalments for 
which you are liable, your right to the shares may be cancelled. If 
vou sell your shares, the purchaser mil become liable for any 
further instalments due (once the transfer has been registered). 


If you apply for shares in the Offer, yo u may be eligible to 
receive from the Government, free of charge. EITHER vouchers 
for use against gas bills from British Gas OR a share bonus. The 
special incentives are only available if you buy shares in the Offer 
and not if they are bought subsequently. 

(a) Eligibility 

To be eligible to apply for these special incentives, you 
must be an individual investing solely for your own benefit (or 
investing jointly with not more than three other individuals, 
solely for the benefit of one or more of you). Applications made 
bv individuals on behalf of children may also qualify for the 
special incentives. Companies, partnerships, firms, trusts, 
associations and clubs are not eligible for these special incentives 
but they may apply as nominees for eligible individuals. 

(b) Bill vouchers 

For every whole multiple of 100 shares you buy in the 
Offer and hold continuously until certain qualiiying dates, you 
can receive £10 worth of vouchers (up to a maximum entitlement 
of £250). The way in which ihe voucher scheme will work is 
illustrated in the table below : 

Number of 
shares held 



30th 3 1st 30th 31st 30th 31st 

June Dec. June Dec. June Dec. 

1987 1987 1988 1988 1989 1989 

































































































or more 









r rtf £40 on JUin June, I70 • duua <«uvuw 

e ?y!^i^«^m^987.provided you bold the shares 
of £ . 0 ° D , rwimSr 1987 If ^ you only hold the shares until, 


On each qualifying dw 

then, less the value of 
in the Offer Md held Sever, the maximum votoher 

ue°on a guSff^n&da ’e will be ^ (£50 on Ihe Iasi qualifying 
dalel - The voucher will be posted to you abom mo after 

due 10 British Gas. ,f ijLJf S^our use or benefit in your 
“SJ* will be issued wiUi the 


( C J Share bonus additional share for every ten 

recci' e fractions of shares- . 

The additional stam«»£ 

rc^nablv practicable afterj**£ n ^ ^ oFtfansfer). 

» ,ih all n*hu JUjB linB » » uk on or in respen of the 


1. Acceptance of applications win be conditional on fi) the Ordinary 
Shares, issued and to be issued, bo ng admitted to the Official Lia ofThe 
Stock Exchange not later than 3 1 st December; 1 986, and fii) iheprovisions 
relating to termination of the UJC Underwriting Agreement re fe rred to in 
Part G of Section Vir of the faff Prospectus dated 21st November, 1986 
comprising the fisting particulars relating to British Gas pic (the 
“Prospcctas”) not being implemented. Application money will be returned 
(without ioierea) if dmer of these coathaomi is not satisfied and, in the 
meantime, if presented for payment, kept by a receiving bank in a 
separate account. Rights are reserved for the Secretary of State and his 
agents to present far payment and otherwise process aD cheques and 
bankers' drafts received and to have Bill access lo all information relating 
to, or deriving from, sod) cheques, bankers’ drafts and the processing 
thereof The right is also reserved to treat as valid any application not in 
all respects completed in accordance with the instructions accompanying 
the relevant application form. 

2. Acceptance of an application by an cfigfble investor who has elected 
for the share bonus or the bill vouchers wjD entitle that investor to the 
share bonus or bfifl vouchers (as the case may be) on the terms, and subject 
to the conditions, set oat in Section VIA of the Prospectus. 

3. A valid application made by or on behalf of a penon who is efigibte 
for the C ustomer Share Scheme on a green customer application Iona 
delivered to that person by or on behalf of the British Gas Share 
Information Office will, subject to these terms and condtiioiis, be accepted 
to the extent described in paragraph 2(b) of Part A of Section DC of the 

4. By completing and delivering an application form, yon: 

Shares speofioeftiryour appli^tion^iorm ftirsuch smaller mmbcrftir 
which the application is accepted) on the terms of and sutject to tire 
conditions set out in, the Prospect u s and the Instalment Agre e men t (and, 
in dne course, subject to the Memorandum and Articles ofAssodation of 
the Company) and agree to become a party to and be bound by aH relevant 
provirioos of the Instalment A greem ent; 

(1^) as a collateral contract between yoa and the Secretary erf State which 
will become binding on despatch to or receipt by a recejvmgbank of your 
application and in consideration of the Secretary of State agreeing that he 
will not. prior to 1st January, 1987 otlerany oflne Ordinary Shares to any 
person other than by means of one of the procedures referred to in the 

(i) agree that your application cannot be revoked prior to 1st January, 
1987; and 

(ii) warrant that your "”*»*»»»"» will be honoured on first presentation 
ami agree that any letter of acceptance and any moneys lemrnald e may be 
held pending clearance of your payment; 

(c) (if you complete a box to apply for bifi vouchers or the share bonus) 

(i) warrant that you are eligzbie to do so in accordance with the provisions 
set out in Part A of Section vm of the Prospectus; 

if yon deer for biU voucher*, yon wiQ comply with the 
(b) ofPart B of Section VH1 

of the Prospectus; and 

set oot in paragraph 1( 

you win be deemed to have 

l for the share bonus only; 

(d) (ifyon mafcean application under the Customer Share Scheme) thereby 
warrant than 

CO too, or if yon are a nominee, aD persons for whose benefit the 
ap pl ication is made, are eligible for the Customer Share Scheme in 
accordance with the provisions set on in paragraph 2(a) of Rut A of 
Section IX of the Prospectus; and 

ft) so for as yon ate aware no other application has been made under the 
Customer Share Scheme m respect of the same separately metered gas 
supply as that in respect of which your application is made; 

(e) declare that yon are not a U.S- or C anadi an 
applying on behalf of any such person, "USor ' 
the meaning set omin paragraph 4 ofPan A 

are not 

(f) agree that all applications, acccjrtanccs of applications and contracts 
resulting there from muter this Offer shall be go ve rn e d by and c onst r u ed 
in accordance with the laws tfEngbnd; 

(g) warrant than 

fi) (if this application is made for your own benefit) no other application 
is beriK made for yonr benefit by yoa or by anyone applying as your agent 
or; so fir as you are aware, by any other person; 

(ii) (if the application is made by yoa as agent for or for the benefit of 
another person) no other application for tbe benefit of that person is being 
made by you oc, so fir as yon are aware, by that person or by any other 
person; and 

g if yon sign the application form as agent for someone ehe, you have 
authority to do soon behalf of that other penon; 

(h) agree that, in respect of those Ordinary Stares for which your 
application has been received and processed and is not rgected, acceptance 
of yonr application shall be constituted, at ihe election of the Secret a y of 
State; either (i) by notification to The Stock Fxcha n ge of the basis of 
allocation (m which case such acceptance shall be on that basis) or (ti) by 
notification of acceptance thereof to the relevant receiving bank; 

(i) authorise tbe relevant recerring bank and tbe Custodian Bank to send 
a igiw of acceptance for the number of Ordinary Shares for which your 
application is accepted and/or a cheque for any money returnable by post 
al your risk to the address oif the person (or the first-named person) named 
in tbe application form ami to procure that yonr name (and the wm>e(s) 
of any otberjoint applicants)) is placed on the regisieroflioldefx ofbtetxm 
rich ts in respect of sodt Ordmmry Shares the entitlement to which has not 
been effectively renounced and thereafter to procore that your name (and 
the namefs) of any other joint applicants}) is placed on tbe register of 
members of the Company in respect of sneb Ordinary Shares the 
entitlement to which is evidenced by hitenm Certificates and the ngfat to 
which has not been effectively transferred; and in these terms and 
conditions references to rights being effectively renounced mean the 
renounces) being regtstereabyarecaving bonk m relation to soch rights; 

0 -} y that aD docinnents^in cotmection with tfaytere ^bonns or bill 

in \he caseo f jo^fapplicants, foe first person Joined in the application 
form to his or her address set oox therein or such other address as may 
from lime to time appear in the register of holders of interim rights or the 
register of members of the Company against the name of such person; 

(k) agree that time of payment by you shall be of foe essence of each 
contract constituted by acceptance of your apphcafai and undertake to 
pav tbe second instalment w and fa value not later than, 3 pjn. on 9fo 
June, 1987 and the final instalment by. and for value not later than, 3 pjn. 
on 19ib April, 1988 for the Ordinary Shares in r espect of which your 
application is accepted and tbe right to which has not been effectively 
renounced or transferred in accordance with the Imahuent Agreement by 
you prior to the relevant time and dale; 

(!) agree that, without prejudice to any other rights to which yon may be 
entitled, you. wiD not be entitled to exercise any remedy of resrissiop for 
innocent misrepresentation at any time after acceptance of your 
application; and 

fm) confirm that, in matrfng your application, ypu are not relying on any 
information or representation in relation to Bntisb Gas or the Offer other 
than information and rwn *<3»n hi riant contained in the Prospectus or in 
the mini p rospeem s pubashed in connection with the QSfer taken together 
with the Prospectus (tire “prospectuses') and accordingly you agree that 
no person responsible for tbe prospectuses shall have any lability for any 
such information or representation other than as aforesaid. 

No person receiving this application form in any territory other 
than the U.fC, the Channel Islands or tbe Isle of Man may treat it as 
constricting an invitation to him or her, nor should he or she in any evmf 
use it, unless in the relevant territory soch an invitation could lawnuly be 
made to him or her without compliance with any unfulfilled registration 
or other legal requirements. It is the responsibility of any person outride 
foe U.IL. the Channel Islands and tire Isle ofMan receiving tfosappheanon 
form and wishing to mak e an application hereunder to satisfy himself or 
herself ss to fuB observance oftnelawsoffoe relevant territory and mpay 
any transfer or other taxes requiring to be paid in such territory m respea 

of foe shares acquired by him or her under this Offex, 



10.00 A.M. ON WEDNESDAY. 3RD DECEMBER. 1986 at the appropriate address below according to the first letter of your 
auroame (or corporate name) Inserted in Box 1 . 

AtaCg Bank of Scotland 

New Issues Department, 
Apex House, 

9 Haddington Place. 
Edinburgh EH7 4 AL 

or, by hand onty to 

38 Threadn e edl e Street. 
London EC2. 

NtoSO NariBaal t W aaiuusftii 
Bank PLC 

New Issues Department, 
BO. Box 79, 

2 Princes Street, 

London EC2P2BD. 

ChtoF Barclays Bank PLC G to J 

New Issues, 

EO. Box 123. 

Fleetway House, 

25 JerruKdon Street, 

London EC4A 4 HD. 

SktoZ TbeJtoyal Bank of 
Scotland pic 
Registrar’s Department, 

8 Bankhead Crosswav North, 
Edinburgh EH 1 1 4 Br 

or. by hand only, to 

New Issues Department, 

24 Lombard Seem, 

London EC3. 

KtoM Midland Bank pic 

Stock Exchange Services 

Mariner House, 

Pepys Street, 

London EC3N4DA • 

Lloyds Bank Pic 
Registrars Department. 

Oonng-by-Sea, VWarthing. 

West Sussex BN 12 6 Da 
or. by hand only, to 

Registrar's Department, 

Issue Section, 

|1 Bishopsgaie, 

Loudon EC2. 


at any U.K. branch of National Wsstminster Bank. PLC, 
Bank of Scotland, or Ulster Bank Limited. 

back of the 

centres are open for defivertos by hand until 1 0 a.m. on Wednesday 3rd December. 1 986. These are set out on the 
— foim in the mW prospectus end in the Listing fortreulars. 


If you wish to apply muter the Customer Share Scheme, you 
must complete the GREEN FORM sent to you by the British Gas 
Sham Infor ma tion Office. 

Or, if you have received a personalised ORANGE FORM, you 
should complete that form. 

Otherwise, please use the APPLICATION FORM below 



Pat in Bqk 1 year fnD name and address 
(please nse block capitals). 

Applications must not be made by anyone under 18, but a 
parent, grandparent or guardian ofa child nnder 18 may apply 
for the benefit of that child To do this, you should put your 
own name in Box 1, and after your surname write “A/C” 
followed by the foil names of the child. Ybn are not thereby 
precl uded from making a single application for your own 

Ifyon wish to apply jointly with another adult, see Note 7. 

Put in Box 2 (in figures) the number of shares for which yon 
are applying. Vm may only apply for one of the nambere of 
shares set oot below. Applications for any other number of 
shares wiD be rejected. 

Using the table in Note 2, pat in Box 3 (m figures) the amount 
you pay now. 

Payment is in three instalments. Tbe second instalment of45p 
per share is payable by 3 p.m, on 9th June, 1987 and the final 
instalment of 40p per share by 3 pjn. on 1 9th April, 1988. 

For ImD vouchers, put “YES” in Box A. For the share bonus, 
If you complete both boxesyou win be deemed to have applied 
for the share bonus only. If yoa do not complete either box, 
yoa will not receive hill mockers or i be share boons. Before 
making your choice, you should read the details of the special 
incentives set out opposite. 

Once the application form is submitted your choice may not 
be changed 

Sign and date the form in Box 5. 

Tbe application form may be signed by someone else on yonr 
behalf if he is duly authorised to do so, but be must enclose 
bis power of attorney 

A corporation must sign under the hand of a duly authorised 
official, whose representative capacity must be staled. 

of shares 
you me 
apt*™* fee 







of shares 
yon are 
applying Ibr 





Your total 


















































£22 50 








Above 5,000 shares, applications must tie in the following 

Applications Multiples of 

10.000 to 

50.000 in 

100.000 shares . 10.000 shares 

Over 100,000 shares 50,000 shares 


Only one application may be made for the benefit of 
any person. Criminal proceedings may be instituted 
against anyone knowingly making or authorising 
more than one application for the benefit of any 

Pm to Bex 6 a cheqne or bankers* draft for the exact amm^ 
yea have entered in Bex 3. Mm cheque or bankers’ draft mast 
be made payable ts “British Gas Share Offer”. Please ensure 
that it is crossed sad write on if “Not Negotiable". 

Your payment must relate solely to this application. No receipt 
will be issued. 

Mmr cheque or bankers' draft must be drawn in sterling on an . 
account at a bank branch in the United Kingdom, the Channel 
Islands or the Isle ofMan and must bear a United Kingdom 
bank sort code number in the top right hand corner If you do 
not have a cheque account you can obtain a cheque from yonr 
building society or a bank branch. 

An application may be accompanied by a cheque drawn by 
someone other than the applicants), but any moneys returned 
will be sent by cheque crossed “Not Negotiable A/C Payee 
Only” in favour of the applicants). 


Yba may apply jointly with op to three other people, provided 
each applicant is aged 18 nr ores. They should complete and 
sign Box 7. 

Power(s) of attorney most be enclosed if anyone is signing on 
behalf of any jmnt appticant(s). 

British Gas pic 


To The Secretary of State for Energy 
N M Rothschild & Sons Limited 

National Wfesumnster Bank PLC 
British Gas pic 

Before completing this form, please read 
carefully the accompanying guide. 


Me, Mn, Mitt or tale 

Forename^) (in fall) 



I/We offer to purchase 

Ordinary Shares 

m British Gas pic on and subject to Ihe Terms and Conditions set out on this page and in the 
Prospectus comprising the Listing Particulars dated 21st November, 1986 

and I/we attach a cheque or bankers* draft 
for tbe amount now payable of 

I/We wish to receive 

Bill vouchers 

Share bonus 

1 A 




I declare that to my knowledge this is the only application made for my benefit (or that of tbe 
persons) for whose benefit I am applying)- 





Pin hereyour cbeque/bankers* draft for tbe amount in Box 3, payable to 
“British Cras Sham Offer' 1 and crossed “Not Negotiable". 


Tbe fint tpplicaal &oa3d rigs Box S, Uang Block capitals, rasenbdow tbe names of ibe other joimapplicams, who mast sgn in tbe right hand column. 
1/We join in this application and give the declaration set out above. 

Mi, Mrs, Miss Or title 

Fbrenanie(s) (in foil) 



2nd joint 

' 3nJ joint 

4th joint 


Thane (tiuinnKremmEsioa or resBowanoe of commission should stamp bulb botes apntaKe lo Uteta- 



Stamp of after nulnmdun. dutnmg 
imnMaBceoftammHttanjiid WTqmt 

finpef pmoeotaiTtiat 
ummuoa and wT in no. 

Strap of othTr in ienacdari ctenuof 
mlkranacottontakuioavd VtTirf. an, 

afoot ittatend brWtt'Mirt 

(|f Bat RfpMeftd for WL M"aonO ' 

(If not cpwml loi v^T. 0W Hoar 1 

(If nw rrpantd tor WT. pin *BmcT 


Skim accepted 


State aatpWI 

j ComwMjBMtataihiBl 

CngawnaUM j 

L J 




Second thoughts on 1963 pledge 

Ankara fury as 
EEC goes back 
on deal to let 

Moscow’s legalized art 

0 *' 

market draws 

!»■* > 

From Christopher Walker 

its citizens in 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

The latest example of the 
sweeping economic changes 
being introduced under Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the Sov- 
iet fender, is to be found every 
weekend among the birches of 
Bitsa Park whore hundreds of 
Soviet artists exhibit at 
Moscow’s newly legalized arts 
and crafts market. 

Despite anger in Ankara, 
the EEC is reneging on an 
agreement, .which was to have 
come into force today, giving 
Turkish citizens the right to 
move freely within the Euro- 
pean Community. 

EEC diplomats say the 
Turkish dismay is tempered 
by hope that the EEC will 
agree to free movement for 
Turks at a later date, perhaps 
in connection with Turkey's 
forthcoming application to be- 
come a full member of the 

Turkey's relations with 

matter to the European Court 
of Justice in a series of 
individual test cases while 
continuing to press for full 
EEC membership. 

“The problem is it is not 
only Greece that does not 
want Turkey as a thirteenth 
member,” one official said. 
“The process of enlargement 
has been complex enough — 
Spain and Portugal makes 12, 

Until .a few weeks ago, when 
the authorities unexpectedly 
agreed to pot the seal of 
approval on the two-year-old 
experiment, it was a much 
smaller and dandestiiie affair 
run under the constant threat 
of militia intervention. Now, 
its brisk trading on free- 
raarket principles has been de- 
clared acceptable by an an- 
nouncement on television. 





and that is enough for the time 
being." Some EEC officials 
even would omit the words 
"for the time being” 

Western Europe are fraught 
with difficulty, not least be- 
cause of vociferous objections 
by Greece to closer links, let 
alone Turkish EEC member- 

Turkey recently took over 
the chairmanship of the Coun- 
cil of Europe in Strasbourg, 
and although the move was 
largely symbolic, as the coun- 
cil is not an EEC body and has 
no power, Greek diplomats 
said they would downgrade 
their participation in ft in 

EEC foreign ministers meet- 
ing under the chairmanship of 
Sir Geoffrey Howe, the British 
Foreign Secretary and presi- 
dent of the EEC Council of 
Ministers, the Community’s 
top decision-making body, re- 
cently agreed in a closed 
session that an undertaking 
given more than 20 years ago 
to open EEC borders to Turk- 
ish workers on December 1 
1986 could not be honoured. 

The undertaking dated from 
Turkey's association agree- 
ment with the EEC in 1963. 

Instead, the ministers said 
they would improve con- 
ditions for the one and a half 
million Turkish migrant wor- 
kers at present in EEC states, 
such as West Germany, by 
allowing frequent visits from 
close relatives. 

The Turkish response, dip- 
lomats say, 'nnll be to take the 

The Turkish Government, 
led by Mr Turgut Ozal, the 
Prime Minister, is reportedly 
planning a formal member- 
ship application in the near 
future. Mr Ozal wants to reap 
the economic benefits of EEC 
membership and shore up his 
country's impoverished econ- 

The relaxed atmosphere is a 
for cry from toe scene of 10 
years- ago in a Moscow field 
when bulldozers smashed 
through easels and crashed 
paintings on the orders of toe 
KGB. Supporters of Mr Gor- 
bachov argue it is symbolic of 
the way he is ch a nging the face 
of Soviet society. 

omy. But it is questionable 
whether the EEC wants or 

whether the EEC wants or 
needs a thirteenth member 
whose average income is less 
than half that of Portugal's 
and where militant Islam is on 
the rise. 

The issue of Turkish 
membership was revived in 
September, when the EEC- 
Turkey Association Council 
met in Brussels for the first 
lime since martial law was 
introduced in Ankara in 1980. 
Mr Vahit Halefogju, the Turk- 
ish Foreign Minister, sought 
to persuade the council that 
Turkey's economic and politi- 
cal prospects were bright. But 
the council, comprising EEC 
foreign ministers, referred the 
issue to lower-level study 
groups, effectively putting it 
on the back burner. 

Peace was the theme of a celebration organized in front of the statue of Christ toe Redeemer 
overlooking Rio de Janeiro. Brazilians draped the statue in a banner reading Paz (peace) to 
welcome the peace torch, symbol of the Unicef-spoosored First World Run for Peace. The 
torch will have been taken to 45 nations by the rime it gets to New York mi December II. , 

The legalization of the in- 
dependent art show came 
shortly before 1300 deputies 
in toe Supreme Soviet passed 
the controversial law mi pri- 
vate enterprise which comes 
into effect on May 1. When it 
.does, the Bitsa artists fear that 
they wQl have to start paying a 
minimum 13 per cent tax to toe 

blamed for the key danse 
oattawing toe fairing of labour, 
which will render toe reform 
far less radical than Lenin's 
now often-quoted New Eco- 
nomic Policy of 1921. 

Speaking in a recent tele- 
vision interview, Mr Gorba- 
chov gave a rare insight into 
the embattled position he now 
occupies. “I must say that 
change is going on not without 
difficulties. And the main 
obstade is mentality, the 
mentality which has taken 
shape over toe years shonM be 
changed,” he told Indian 
reporters. “The new is waging 
battle against the old, some- 
times in pointed form.” 

In a move designed to 

. ■ _ * ■ v 

Brunei funds transferred 

Five bank officials charged 

From M.G.G. Filial. Kuala Lumpur 

Mr Halefoglu argues that 
Turkey deserves io be a 
member of the EEC as well as 
of Naio. and by the end of the 
century will be a frilly literate 
and industrialized country of 
some 70 million people with a 
national identity which is as 
much European as Asian. 

Thatcher to press for 
more secure Europe 

Brussels - Mrs Thatcher is 
expected to press for a'pack- 
age of measures to make 
Europe “more secure for its 
citizens" when she presides 
later this week over an EEC 
summit in London (Richard 
Owen writes). 

Today Mr Alan Clark, the 
Minister for Trade, at the last 
Council of Ministers meeting 
before the summit, will seek to 
posh through about 13 de- 
risions oh toe internal market, 
the plan under which goods 
and people will be able to move 

freely within the Co mmunity 
by 1992. 

The British insist that free- 
dom of movement must be 
coupled with vigilance at EEC 
external frontiers, bat some 
EEC officials complain that 
the approach is low-key, tech- 
nical, and lacking vision. 

“This is the third British 
presidency,” one official said. 
“It would help Britain's image 
in the EEC if Mrs Thatcher 
ended it with some loftier 


Britain's presidency, page 5 

Brunei's decision to close 
down the National Bank of 
Brunei and to transfer all 
accounts and deposits to- the 
Hongkong and Shanghai Bank 
has taken most people by 
surprise, but there appeared to 
be no other choice. 

Local reaction to Friday's 
decision has been muted, 
especially since the Govern- 
ment has promised that all 
focal depositors will be paid in 

Foreign depositors, mainly 
Japanese banks, will have to 
wait until outstanding loans 
have been recalled before 
knowing how much they will 

Informed sources in Bandar 
Seri Begawan, the Brunei cap- 
ital, and in Singapore say that 
it appears that the bank was 

More than 90 per cent of its 
loan portfolio had been given 
to companies controlled, by 
Tan Sri Khoo Teck Puat, who 
owned at last 70 percent of the 
equity. Cases against his son, 
the bank’s chairman, two 
directors and two auditors in 
connection with the bank's 
problems are to be heard, next 

It is Brunei's first bank 
failure, and it has embarrassed 
the state Government, which 
has tried to turn the Suitantate 
into a tax haven. 

But for Tan Sri Khoo, who 
resigned from the board of 
Standard Chartered Bank at 

Mr Chfew Song Citing, aged 
43, of Singapore, one of toe 
National Bank of Brunei’s 
authorized signatories, is the 
only one of the five charged 
over the bank's dealings to be 
allowed bail (Reuter reports 
from Kuala Lumpur). 

the weekend, it was the end of 
his second attempt to control 
a bank. 

In 1969 the Malaysian 
Government took control of 
Malayan Banking — then con- 
trolled by him — in circum- 
stances that still have not been 

A Malayan Banking state- 
ment last week said that Tan 
Sri Khoo now held 1.42 per 
cent of the bank. 

The closure of the bank is 
also a friendship destroyed. 
Tan Sri Khoo was close to 
Sultan Sir Omar Ali Saif- 

fuddin, the former Sultan and 
the power behind the throne, 
who died two months ago. 
Their sons, Datuk Khoo Ban 
Hock, the bank chairman now 
in remand and awaiting trial 

Neither the Sultan nor Tan 
Sri Khoo talks to journalists 
with any regularity. Two years 
ago Tan Sri Khoo sold to the 1 
Sultan the Royal Holiday Inn I 
hotel in Singapore for SS250 
million (about £60 million). 
Soon afterwards the tourist 
boom in Singapore collapsed 
and the Sultan felt he had been 

Several attempts by Tan Sri 
Khoo to heal the breach failed, 
as did thfe Sultan’s attempt to 
buy top National Bank of 

The Sultan had relied on the 
Khoos as his agents for most 
of his business deals. After 
they fell out, the Sultan dealt, 
according to authoritative 
sources in Singapore and the 
Brunei capital, successively 
through such intermediaries 
as Mr Adanan Khashoggl the 
Saudi businessman; the Egyp- 
tian al-Fayed brothers; a 
brother of King Husain of 

Despite the crippling res- 
trictions which will be placed 
on Soviet private enterprise, 
the decision to encourage ft is 
seen as a measure of toe extent 

to which Mr Gorbachov is 

prepared to go — in the teeth of 
bitter conservative resistance 
— to rescue the Soviet econo- 
my. But most Western observ- 
ers believe be has not yet gone 
far enough. 

counts- toe ideological die- 
hards, Tass subsequently pub- 
lished an important comm- 
entary linking the individual 
enterprise law — and a number 
of other recent changes, 
including the scrapping of a 
grotesquely designed Moscow 
war memorial — to the 
Kremlin's new-found willing- 
ness to respond to public 

Although the full extent of 
the internal opposition to that 
and other reforms has yet to be 
revealed, resistance is widely 
acknowledged by senior Soviet 
officials. These critics are 

He cited public support for 
another reform smacking of 
the West which wiU be in- 
trod need on New Year’s Day 
and which will significantly 
affect die take-home pay of 75 
million Soviet citizens. The 
radical overhaul of the wage 
s truct a re is another example 
of Mr Gorbachov's economic 

According to Tass, “rite 
essence of the new system is 
that the amount of earnings 
will now depend to a greater 
extent on the quantity ami 
quality of everyone’s work,” a 
statement which, aithoigh 
trite to Western ears, will 
come as a rode shock to 
millions of Soviet workers 
featherbedded for years by toe 
present system. 

The new method of linking 
pay to performance is being 
accompanied by mounting 
pressure on Mr Gorbachov to 
dismantle toe debilitating se- 
ries of subsidies on which the 
Soviet economy is based. Pro- 
fessor Abel Aganbegyan, one 
of the Kremlin's chief advis- 
ers, is in favour of removing 
them from everything bei 
education, health, care for the 
elderly and book publishing. 

The pace of Mr Gorba- 
chov's economic revolution 
(bis favoured description) Is 
still remarkable compared 
with the public torpor which 
preceded him, but as it bites 
deeper into the lives of toe bu- 
reaucrats and the party fat 
cats, there are unmistakable 
signs that, after 20 months, 
the obstacles are growing. 

“The pointers are all there,” 
an experienced Kremlin- wat- 
cher explained. “They show 
Gorbachov facing stiff resis- 
tance from an unholy alliance 
of men in toe street resentful of 
losing their vodka, bureau- 
crats who stand to lose their 
sinecures, and ideological 
hardliners who shudder at 
what is now being done in toe 
name of Marxism- Leninism.” 

As the Soviet Union starts 
its second bitter winter under 
Mr Gorbachov, Western em- 
bassies will be closely monit- 
oring the extent to which toe 
increasingly audible rumb- 
lings of discontent wiU prove a 
deterrent to his reformist zeal. 
The general view is that he win 
attempt to ride roughshod over 
it, bolstered by new roles 
against die hards due to be en- 
dorsed at the crucial frill ses- 
sion of toe Commnnist Party's 
ruling Central Committee. 

Tomorrow: Finance sought 

Uproar at forced-saving plan 

Resentment was mounting 
in Norway at the weekendover 
a proposal by the minority 
Labour Government of Mrs 
Gro Harlem Brundtland to 
impose a compulsory savings 
scheme on gross annual in- 
comes above 100,000 kroner 
(about £10,000). 

The innovative proposal, 
which will almost certainly 
have a rocky ride through the 
Storting (Parliament), would 
involvea levy of 1 per cent on 
gross income above the limit, 
to be held by the state Norges 
Bank for one, two or four 
years at distinctly uncompet- 
itive rates of interest. The 
scheme would raise up to 3 
billion kroner next year alone. 

Unorthodox though the 
scheme may appear, it is by no 

From Tony Samstag, Oslo 
means illogical. The forced 
savings would generate badly 
needed revenue fora Treasury 
still reeling from last year’s 
collapse in oil prices, the 
consequences of which in- 
clude the fall of the previous 
Conservative coalition, the 
. devaluation of the krone, and 
a reversal from .surplus to 
deficit in the national current 

It would also help to check 
consumer spending, now on 
an unprecedented scale. This 
phenomenon has inspired 
more than one banker to 
declare that Norwegians 
seemed to have virtually given 
up saving in an economy for 
which the word "overheated” 
was, if anything, too mild a 

National debate on the sav- 
ings scheme is itself likely to 
be more than a little 

Opposition will almost cer- 
tainly centre on the question 
of hardship caused to wage- 
earners in one of the most 
expensive and heavily taxed 
countries in the world, where 
it is the exceptional family in 
which both parents do not 
have to work, and where the 
income limit above which 
savings would be compulsory 
is virtually the poverty line. 

The Government has yet to 
secure support for next year's 
budget, a sticking point in the 
Byzantine deliberations of the 
Storting that brought about 
the collapse of the Conser- 
vative coalition 




ALDWYCH 01 836 6404/0641 re 
01 379 6333. Ol 741 9999 
Now PnMrwtnt 
Omro Pre 3 at r.aonm 


CC 240 7200/379 6433/741 
.. 9999 Grp* 930 6123 

“A lop ■ ill ectfac !!■ Ian Ililp- 

_ Tlrne* 


3191 CC 928 8800 Tonight 
7 30pm FmLKARMOMA B— 

Swwwde No 1: Symphony 





An Exhdmnn. December 1st - 24th 


A National Theatre Production 
"Humour at n best, a nch and 
loving production" Dally Mall "A 
beautifully shaped family 
comedy" Tunes - U will run tor a 
long dim" Time Out 
Eves Mon ■ Fit 7.30 Mali Weds 
3.0 Saa 0.00 & 8.30 First can 24 
hr 7 day cv Ol 240 7200 mo bkg 
feel Grp Sales 01 930 6123. 



A Comedy by Ric hard Hams 

n or the w 

"The applause of rapturous 
recognition" D Mall 
"Very tunny indeed" SXw 
Mon-Thu 8 Frl/Sal 6.30 h 8.30 

DUKE OF YORKS 856 0122 « 
836 9837/741 9999/379 6433 
24|»T 240 7200. Eves & Tltu 3 
Sat 6 A BJO 


Stan dard D rama Award 1984 


Hu Comedy by Richard Harris 
Directed by Julia McKenzie 


6668 Id Call 240 7200 179 6433 
741 9999 Crp Sales 930 6123 


Opens December IS for 4 weeks 
only Twice deny at 24) A 6.0 

MCCABBXV 437 4606 CC 379 
6566/ 379 6433/ 240 7200. 
Group Sated 9306123/ 836 3962. 
Eves 8pm. Sals 4.30 A 8.15 Wed 
mala 3 

“A M aster C lown" Times 






FORTUNE B.Of CCS B36 2238/9 
Agy 240 7300 <24hrs bkg fee) 
lo Frt 8. Sal 8.30 Mm T Tturs 
, * 3.0ft LAST WEEK. 


Sarah Sieve 

Brightman Barton 

Claire Moore Mays Chrtume 
at certain performances 
Eves 7.46 Macs Wed dr Sal 3 
Postal btege only lor Apr to Oct 

AMBASSADORS Ol -836 6111 cc 
836 1171. Flirt Call C24 hrs/7 
days) 240 7200 Ibkg reel. Eves 
7.30. Wed mal 3 Sal 4 6 8 

Sayal F ha k — p e— Company's 

CRITERION S 930 3216 CC 379 
66*5/379 6433/741 9999. Orps 
836 3962 Evge 8 00. Thu mal 
23 0 Sal 530 * 8JO 

D MaU 

The Theatre of Comedy Company 

741 9999 i no bkg feel. First can 
24 H r 7 D ay CC 240 7200. (NO 
■KG FEE) Orp Sales 930 6123. 
Tlcko Boaster 379 6433 




“Broad farm won Stephen 
Sondheim's songs" DJMaJt 

COMEDY Ol 379 5399 CC Ol 379 
6435/741 9999. FIT* Call 24 hr 
240 7200 0*9 feei. flip Sates 930 

Mon-Frl 8. Wed Mat 3, Sal & 18 A 


tavtsh new production 


Directed by ANTON RODGERS 
Previews imtu Dec 13. Opens Dec 
16 a 7.00 

WO KING now 24 nr 7 day 




Directed by Richard Eyre 
Prova Feb 12 Irt Night Feb 2S 
Mon-FD 7.46 Wed Mat 3 Bat 4.46 
A 8.18. Qp Sales 930 6123 

178 Bromplon Road. SW3. Tel: 
684 7666 Fine Braun and Euro- 
minima* and sculpture. R 

cc 834 0040. cc ncfceimaHer 379 
6433. Today. Frt 2.00 A 630. 
Tamar. Wed. Thur 10 30am A 
2 OO. SU 300 Sr 6.30 

17la list noon Stoone Street. 
SW1 . Tot 235 2464. Earfy Ed- 

1464. bjhEt- 

a t afart S 


by CIS. Lewis 

MMte, la ai p ra ra, cam rtap 

■MM elc. Mon-Frl 106 Sat 10-4. 
Bank. SEi. ROOM and BOYLE 
FAMD.Y Exhibitions. Adm. 
£3. 00/EI.60. Recorded Info - 
01-261 0127. 



[ Telephone for Caatogua and Pnca | 
1 Let i 

Hsailnsl! J for 4 OHrtar Am 
I nc. -May *4 the Yew" 

henry sotheran ltd 

Telephone: 439 6834. 

SAM cox 


written and directed by 

Over 1300 . I d* ndlWI a a Dcrfi 

Good seats avail Thurs man 

MEW LONDON Drury Lane WC2 
406 0072 CC 379 6433 Eves 7.46 
Tue * Sat 3 00 A 7 46. 




Group Boo klnos 01-403 1667 or 
Ol 930 6123. NOW HOOKIMR TO 
MAY 30 1987. Seats avau for ad- 
ditional boltday serfs on Dec 22 A 
Jan 2 at 3pm 



COLISEUM S 836 3161 CC 
240 6268 

Torrmr 7.00 C m w ia . wed 7.30 

Cav aad Pag. 

iS**/ 19U Stdby info 836 
6903 S CC. Tickets £1 -£22.50 
(Balteti L2 £40 lOperai. 66 AmMU 
seal* avail on the day OEa tomori 

Baaal/ La R atesr de la lea. Ballet 
rail/ no info: Ol -do 9816 Wed 
7.30 THE ROYAL OPERA J e n ni e. 

First Call CC 2dttr 7 day 240 
7200. From Tomor lo Sol Eves 


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Ol 278 0856 lor wmier Opera 

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I my eyes 

After three episodes. The 

SSS B ? e ^ <l « 

•. into Ac most 

o* a P eU ®»g television drama I 
;. have ever seea. 

. . As institution with the coor- 

’ aft, rau^uutka end the 

• production valnes to make 
something like this most be 

i . WtementaDy health; at its 

And a man who can create 
: sack a dramatization of Us 
own life, fllnreg and-fentashs 
tf - and th« transform this into 

• .an enteitaining exptenration of 

• the creative process - is quite 

■ simply a genius. Bat then, as 

he ha s made amply dear in his 

previoBs dramas and in his 
recent novel Ticket To Ride, 

Dennis Potter is carrentiy one 

of the nearest dihy we have 
to this Faustian state. 


The casting Is impeccable. 
Charles Simon (the grotesque 
old mao in hospital), Joanne 
Whailey (the nnrse), Patrick 
Ma l a h id e , Lyndon Davies and 
Alison Steadman arejnst a few 
of the actors to be distzn-- 
gaSsbed by their script and 
direction (John Amid). 

And alternatively rasping 
and crooning over all, is 
Michael Gamboa, dm invalid 
writer in agony who juggles 
■between his hospital bed, his 
childhood and Ms fiction and 
from his wild imag hw p con- 
jnres a detective story- in 
search of his past life. 

Potent with cheap mask, 
redolent with tire imagery of 
copulation and death, it is a 
story that Shocks, challenges 
ami finally astonishes. 
Whether Potter can harness 
these elements into a satisfac- 
tory whole remains to be seen, 
but as the scaffolding comes 
down, one hell of a structure is 




Taking a 
Taxi trip 

The Taxi 
Town and Country 

With reggae poised to come 
back into fashion, and 
extravagant predictions being 
made on behalf of the new 
“raggamuffln” danceball 
style, the Taxi Connection is 
an auspicious three-hour 
reggae revue. 

Featuring the top solo 
performers Ydiowman, Ini 
Kamoze and Half Pint, the 
j show is backed by the real 
stars of the show, the veteran 
rhythm section ofSly Dunbar 
and Robbie Shakespeare who, 
with their Taxi Gang band, 
provided the music for the 
entire performance. 

“Raggamuffin” like “punk" 
is a description that has been 
appropriated as a term of 
distinction, but unlike punk it 
does not denote any signifi- 
cant change in the approach to 
the music. 


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Half Pint, a compact figure 
who romped about the stage in 
a sort of reggae breakdancing 
routine, sang “Greetings” the 
raggamuffin anthem, but de- 
spite a few updated street 
references and a more melodic 
feel than much of the hard 
reggae on offer, it was hardly a 
radical departure. 

Tni Kamoze, a scarecrow 
figure with flying dreadlocks, 
bore a passing resemblance to 
Bob Marley, but lacked both 
the songs and the ability to 
stay in key that would be 
neoled were be to offer any 
serious promise of filling the 
vacuum left by the departed 

Marley. , .. 

And Yellowman, the 
extraordinary Jamactan al- 
bino whose “sing-Jaytog m 
the 70s was surely a significant 
precursor to rap and hip hop, 
muddled all the references in a 
baffling rap-reggae, sequence 
with quotes ranging from 
“Rock Around The Clock^ to 
“Chapel of Love”. 

But none of the turns bet- 

tered the Taxi Gang’s opemn& 

mostly instrumental set a 
thundering exposition mat 

underlined the 

attraction of a good brass 
section mwed jnst bdowme 
booming rumble of Robbes 
bass and the deep thud of Slys 
bass pedal keeping time be- 
hind the pinging ganaj arcade 

noises of his electronic dram 

Revolution in the Soviet cinema 

Soviet cinema has changed almost overnight 
The removal of the old guard of film 
directors has led to ‘suppressed’ movies being 
shown at last David Robinson reports from 
Moscow on the the new Russian renaissance 


— - '£p--S»rt" * v *' 
f M. 

‘ ‘ .,-.V 

MH* - 

y ' 

»*■** , ... 

f Mikhail Gorbachov's efforts 
to reform deeply eatzenched 
attitudes and habits are prov- 
ing a toi^b battle is many 
sectors of Soviet society, at 

least m the arts he «m confidently 

cornu on maximum support for his 

policies of social renaissance. Lit- 
erature, the theatre and television 
have rapidly responded to the 
opportunity — or demand — for a 
new plain-spokenness. 

■ In the rinema events began to 
move with dramatic speed 
spring, with the congress and 
elections of the Union of Film 
Makers. Amid a lot of tough tallr, 
the men who for years had hparffttf 
the union were told that they had 
sal too long, adorned with their 
medals and prestige, doing Httle to 
.serve their members. The heavy- 
weight old guard, like the directors 
Lev Kulidjanov (62) and Sergei 
Bondarchuk (66), were ousted, to 
be replaced by younger men. 

The new General Sea 
Hem Klimov (53), is a l 
upright and talented director 
whose refusal to compromise has 
often made his own career difficult 
practically every one of his film* 
had problems of one sort or 
another Agonio, the first Soviet 
feature about the last days of the 
Romanovs, was held up for more 
than a decade after its completion 
in 1973. 

One of the first moves of the 
reformed union was to insist on 
bringing to light all those films that 
had been mysteriously shelved 
over (he years. Igor Iissakovsfy, 
secretary of the Union Board, said 
last week: “We asked why they 
were suppressed and on whose 
orders. We wanted finally to 
establish the responsibility for 
these decisions”. 

Twenty films were rescued from 
the shelf. “Some of than were just 
bad films. In other cases, search as 
we might, it was simply impossible 
to see any reason for shelving 
them." Often it turned out that far 


from bong the outcome of sys- 
tematic ideological censorship, the 
decisions had been made by timid 
studio managers, scared that some- 
one, somewhere, might 

The films - or at least those of 
them good enough to show — are 
now reaching the screens. Kaljo 
Kiisk's Madness, an Kstonian Mack 
comedy, set improbably in a 
menial hospital during the Nazi 
extermination programme, has re- 
mained unseen since 1968. 

Alexei German’s Trial on the 
Road was made in 1971. In this 
the reason for the film's, 
was evidently that it 
ited the then prevailing demand 
for Clearly defined heroes and 
villains: the protagonist is a Red 
Army sergeant who returns to the 
partisans after collaborating with 
the Germans, and dies a hero's 
death. < 

S ome of the newly released 
films, like German's My 
Friend Ivan Lapchin % 
which was seen at the 
London Film Festival, are 
of more recent vintage. The current 
sensation, as Christopher Walker 
reported from Moscow a few days 
ago, is Repentance^ made in 1984 
by the Georgian director Tenghiz 

Already released in the Georgian 
capital Tiflis, and shown at several 
overflowing Moscow previews, it is 
the first film to speak openly of the 
abuses of the Stalin era. The film 
will shortly open in Moscow 

Mikhail Gorbachov's recent dic- 
tum, “How can we solve our 
problems if we are afraid to say 
what they are?", far from being an 
obvious truism, has effectively 
Hiasmri away the last vestiges of the 
old but persistent interpretation of 
“Socialist Realist" dogma, that 
society must be depicted not as it is 
but as it ought to be. 

Film makers are now probing 



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Life after death: a line of masked children trek off into the unknown hi Letters from a Dead Man, a view of a nuclear catastrophe- 

frankly into social problems. Even 
before the present dramatic change 
of direction, films -like 
Abdrashitov’s The Train Stopped 
had begun to look at ihe endemic 
evasion of individual responsibil- 
ity. Nikolai Gubenko’s Love, Life 
and Tears considered a more 
specific problem of institutional 
respect for the unprotected of 

A new film from Estonia, Games 
for School-Age Children (directors 
Leida Lai us and Arvo Iho) is 
ostensibly* a conventional story of 
fife in a children's home, but deals 
with remarkable frankness and 
realism with the emotional crip- 
pling of institution children, the 

guilt of feckless parents, and the 
shortcomings' of the best-in - 
lenrioned staff A scene in which 
the children stage a successful 
hunger strike would not have been 
seen in a Soviet film a year or so 

The film makers may even be 
moving too fiat for an audience 
accustomed to being shown the 
sunnier side of life. Everyone is 
disappointed with the unenthusias- 
tic public response to one of the 
best new films, Konstantin 
Lopushanski's Letters from a Dead 
Man — a brilliantly staged, dev- 
astating^ realist view of life and 
death after a nuclear catastrophe. 

The cause seems to have been an 

accident, and though the setting 
appears to be somewhere in the 
West, there are no political accusa- 
tions. The ending is not profound, 
but it is shocking and impressive: 
with the grown-ups all dead, a little 
line of masked children trek off 
through the devastation into the 

The film makers have their own 
problems to solve also. Currently 
there is a will to decentralization, 
to transfer more power from the 
central film organization, Goskmo, 
to the individual studios — of 
which, there are a total of 19, 
throughout the national republics. 

Meanwhile, however, there is a 
powerful move to give more scope 

to the young, adventurous and 
experimental film-maker, even 
though the results may not be 
successful at the box office. 

Leonid Trauberg, an 85-year-old 
veteran who was a co-founder of 
the legendary FEKS — the Factory 
of the Eccentric Actor — in 1922 
and has since witnessed all the 
triumphs and sorrows of Soviet 
cinema, says: “At my age I cannot 
afford to fie; and I really believe 
that something remarkable is 
happening in the arts. I truly 
believe that we have now leaders of 
intelligence and courage”. Others 
loo feel that the Soviet cinema is in 
process of the biggest shake-up 
since the coming ofsound. 

Nightmare in the nursery 

Blood of Angels 

The Gate 


At the dose of this weird, 
nightmarish, short play — 
truly weird, yet charged with 
the genuine, wild creative 
energy of dream — the players 
spring to their feet, throw off 
their coverings of white sheet- 
ing and steal away from us, 
waving goodbye in the man- 
ner of lovable animate at the 
end of Toad of Toad Hall 

A few moments earlier Sa- 
lome has collapsed beneath 
the bloody bead of John the 
Baptist, a spurned lover 
shoots he rself clutching a Pen- 
guin edition of Death in 
Ecstacy \ while the surviving 
members' of Herod's Court 
settle down in front of the 
wireless for more hit songs by 
Mario Lanza, Frankie Lane 
and other stars from 1950. 

It is John the Baptist who 
drapes them with sheets, and a 
storm-cloud of diy ice, swirled 
by an on-stage wind machine, 
finally obscures them all from 

The work is another of 
Shadow Syndicate's imagi- 
native short pieces, acclaimed 
at the Edinburgh Festival and 
brought to London for a 
month’s run. Passages from 
Wilde’s Salome are intercut 
with what I take to be the 
climax of a therapy session. 
Doc (John Taggart), student of 
the paranormal, assisted by 
discontented Pearl and book- 
ish Norma, are working cm the 
dim but willing John. 

This character is the only 
one to which the text gives a 
coherent personality, and Pe- 
ter Granger-Taylor, one of the 
co-authors, brings to it an 
exceptionally touching and 
full interpretation, part Woz- 
zeck, part Frankenstein’s gen- 
tle monster. 

With his soppy smile and 
features transparent to the 
feelings within, be dutifully 
reads the part of the prophet 
from a pencilled script, relish- 
ing the plummy sounds of 
Wilde's Day-Glo diction. As 
his inexorable doom looms 

closer there come moments of 
sharp terror as be presses 
hands over eyes and tries to 
push fists into his ears. 

Herod’s exploration by 
torchlight under ■ Salome’s 
skirt suggests that the charac- 

ter has difficulties of a familiar 
nature: Perhaps Doc has them 
too, and there is a brief but 
arresting moment when the 
sultry Salome (Claire Michell) 
becomes a schoolgirl, im- 
patiently wriggling her thighs. 

Magic plays all too easily 
nosedive into Bosh. The direc- 
tion by John Pope, the other 
co-author, avoids this by rap- 
idly cross-cut action and by 
finding a daft poetry in the 

A standard lamp becomes 
the moon and nursery games 
emphasize the menace by 
seeming to deny it. Bosh is 
sometimes perilously near, 
but Granger-Taylor’s sturdy 
realism keeps his prey on 
course. j K 

• Tom Conti, Clive Dunn 
and Stratford Johns are to star 
in a revival of the famous 
French fence An Italian Straw 
Hat, adapted by Simon Moore 
from the original play by 
Eugene Labiche, which opens 
at the Shaftesbury Theatre on 
December 15 (with previews 
■from December 5). The 
production, presented by the 
Theatre of Comedy. 

Hopes and fears of the future 

To my surprise the most 
touching production in Radio 
3’s Russian Season turned out 

to be the one I had expected to 

be able to despise with a dear 
conscience. . . 

Vishnevsky's Op tim i s t ic 
Tragedy (Nov 18), with its 
story of a young woman 
commissar sent to quefl an- 
archism in the Red F leet, 
radiated the kind of fervent 
aspiration that must have 
enthused at least some of 
those who made the first days 
of the Revolution- 


ram* across the life of Stafifl, 

aware ui uje auuu» 

that every movement ™u 
such a beginning will bring 
such consequences. To us the 
t«gedy of such a play is not 

the vafiant death of that young 
woman commissar, her raw 
idealism nicely caught by 
Toyah Wilcox: it is the op- 
timism itself 

Dramatically the season 
ended with two rdanyefy 
recent plays. CfcwOom* 
Forget Herostratns (Tuesday) 
took off from a pi«* J? f 
andent history, the attempts 

by a young Ephesian non- 
entity of the fourth century BC 
to gftwi immortal feme by 
burning down the great Tem- 
ple of Artemis. 

The rulers of the city — 
Greeks and Persians — were so 
outraged by this act of gross 
vandalism that they tried to 
expunge its autbofs name 
from history. They failed, but 
Gorin has his own account of 
that failure: before lie dies, 
murdered by Qeon, the city’s 
former archon, Henastratus 

has so manipulated tiling that 

all who have to do with him 
rapidly acquire something to 

Indeed Cleon owes his own 
demotion to this young man's 
machinat ions. Thus the effort 
to re-write a bit of history 
ba ckfire s on those who under- 
take it - a message of wide . 
relevance, but with a particu- 
larly sharp application to 20th 
century Russia. 

A Man with Cmnec&m 
Friday) by Alexander 
portrays another 

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contemporary Soviet di- 
lemma and one even more 
recognizable in the West 

Andrei is a senior civil 
engineer, bis life so utterly 
given to targets and quotas 
and climbing the ladder of 
success that he has not only 
destroyed his manias but has 
set in train the events which 
culminate in his only child, 
Alyosha, losing both his 

We know the type - he’s all 
around us and the feet that he 
happens to be in thrall to a 
different social and economic 
system is neither here nor 
there. What is common is the 
thralldom — both 
predisposjion to it and its 

I thought Gehnan bad to 
work rafter hard, sometimes 
indeed with audible sounds of 

wrenching, to make a play that 
didn’t quite come off 

The highly symbolic Joss of 
hands arose out of a process 
just not quite the fetal con- 
sequence of what Andrei is 
and does. And then to have 
written what was virtually a 
two-hander in which a man 
and a woman spend most of 
90 minutes tearing ferociously 
but hopelessly at the corpse of 
their marriage stretched my 
endurance wen beyond the 
limit. The essential monotony 

of marital strife is the same in 
any culture, any language. 

Piers Plowright has done 
marvels with the carefully, 
skilfully wrought radio fear 
turn, i Setting Sail, for i n stance, 
was the second to win him an 
Italia Prize. I shall be do- 
lighted bm a Kttk surprised, if 

Windows: Views from Outside 
(Radio 4, Tuesday) makes it a 
hat-trick, for its many engag- 
ing scenes from the life of an 
elderly, reflective, well-spoken 
woman window-deaner were 
punctuated by other se- 
quences which war none too 
comprehensible and appar- 

If y th<f*kttniest anticipation 
was a little disappointed here, 
a very different one was 
turned on its bead in the first 
of Kingsley Amis’s forays into 
six minor Victorian' poets 
(Time for Verse, Radio 4, 

What does anyone antici- 
pate of Sir Henry Newbolt but 
cries of “Play up, play up, and 
play the game!" or a rousing 
version of “Drake's Drum"? 

Martin Jarvis gave us the 
latter right' enough but, that 
obeisance to the familiar set 
aade, Mr Amis revealed some 
pieces of exceptional insight 
and sensitivity. Do yon think 
ofNewbolt as the man to write 
a lovely lender poem to his 
wife on her sexual awakening? 
Suut thriilring as from now. 

David Wade 

• The inaugural competition 
for the Royal College of 
Organists' “Performer of the 
Year Award" has been won by 
the young Welsh organist Jane 
Watts. The award carries with 
it a guarantee of 15 solo 
recitals, including one at the 
Festival Hail 

• Bernard Shaw’s Candida , 
directed by Frank Hauser, 
opens at the King’s Head on 
December 8, with previews 
from December 6. 


Festival Hall 

It- is easy, too easy, perhaps, 
for a conductor to make his 
mark with Shostakovich's 
Fifth Symphony. On Saturday 
night that alone seemed too 
often and too obviously to be 
the prime intention of 
Semyon Bychkov. 

Jn the last two years, 
Bychkov has found himself 
inevitably in the business of 
creating an impression: at the 
Berlin Philharmonic, at the 
Aix Festival, and now on 
record. Perhaps it has become 
a habit But with Shostako- 
vich and the London Phil- 
harmonic he has chosen the 
wrong media. With the deeply 
considered, long-sighted 
Haitink performances still live 
in the ear, Bychkov's slick and 
excitable virtuosity is simply 
not enough. 

of the past 

Queen Elizabeth 

the baton 


The Fifth Symphony 
packed its punches thanks to 
Bychkov’s skilful playing of a 
w illin g orchestra, rather than 
through the exdtmem of any 
keenly individual response or 
expressive vision. His control 
of each layer of recession in 
the string-writing of the largo, 
for instance, was remarkable. 
But its effect was less telling in 
the wake of a merely swagger- 
ing scherzo, and in the context 
of outer movements which 
were force-fed by speedily 
generated dramatic responses 

rather than nourished by or- 
ganic growth. 

Bychkov is quick to rec- 
ognize and exploit to the full 
an orchestral soloist at bis 
best:' Jonathan Snowden's 
flute contributed the most 
memorable playing of the 
evening, both m exorcizing 
the symphony’s daemon, and 
in its leaping duet with the 
soloist in the canzone tta of 
Tchaikovsky’s Violin 

Dmitry Sitkovetsky is, like 
Bychkov, a Soviet emigrant 
very much in the ascendant in 
the States and western Europe. 
Unlike Bychkov, however, 
audience wooing seems to be 
little part of his game. I 
enjoyed his light, malleable 
rapport with his orchestral 
colleagues in the central an- 
dante; but the outer move- 
ments were edgy, erratic and 
almost perversely desiccated 
in timbre. 

Hilary Finch 

Times have changed since 
Paul Steinitz’s London Bach 
Society began their long jour- 
ney through all the Bach 
cantatas in 1958. 

For the sacred and secular 
works presented in this the 
first concert of the last phase 
of the cycle, Steinitz’s or- 
chestra played period-style in- 
struments unheard of or at 
least unheard, when he began 
this mighty project. 

And though, on account of 1 
its relatively large size and its 
lack of boys, his choir scarcely 
aspires to be of an authentic 
style disposition, the thinner 
sounds of a Baroque orchestra 
actually balanced well with 
these voices. 

But these were solid enough 
performances, and even iff 
most of the music is virtually 
unknown (save for those 
movements of Cantata No 
214, “Tonet, ihr PaukenT, 
which Bach recycled for the 
Christmas Oratorio), much of 
it, as one might have expected, 
was of the highest quality. 

There was, for example, the 
delicate sweetness of the so- 
prano aria with three flutes 
and Simon Standage’s mellif- 
luous violin obbligato in 
“Schleicht, spielende Weflen”, 
as well as the splendour of its 
opening chorus, the swagger- 
ing joy, in triple time, of its 
closing one. 

The response of the or- 
chestra could have been a 
degree sharper, but the solo 
vocal team ofPatrizia Kwella, 
Timothy Wilson, Martyn Hill 
and Stephen Roberts made the 
most of their many opportu- 
nities, while minus Hill, the) 

' ve a poised account of 
luxtehude’s beguiling Advent 
cantata, “Kornmst du, Licht 
Der Heiden". 

Stephen Pettitt 


8 King Street, London SWJ. Tel: 01 -839 9060 
Monday 1 December at 11 am. 
Monday 1 December at 6.30 

Monday I December at 6-30 pm. 
Tuesday 2 December at 10 JO am. 


Tuesday 2 December at 11.45 a.m. 
Wednesday 3 December at 10.30 am. 
Wednesday 3 December at 2 pan. 
Thursday 4 December at 11 am. and 2.30 pm. 

Thursday 4 December at II am. and 2.30 p.m. 
Thursday 4 December at 11 a.m. 

Friday 5 December at 11 am. 
Friday 5 December at 11 am 

Christie's King Street is open lor viewing on 
Sundays from 2 p.m.-5 pm 

Christie's South Kensington is open for viewing on 
Mondays until 7 For further information on the 
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Christie's have 25 local offices in the UJL 
If you would like to know the name of your nearest 
representative please telephone Amelia Ficalan Howard 
on 01-839 9060 exm. 2805 



How Reagan’s 

Orton Wood 

men dealt with 

the ayatollahs 

When the President’s national security advisers decided to bargain 
for the freedom of the American hostages captured in Beirut, 
they contacted the Israeli prime minister — who in turn sought help 
from a veteran of his secret service. Tom Bower describes how 
Yaacov Nimrodi came out of retirement to set in motion the arms 

deal with Iran that has already led to White House resignations 

Y aacov Nimrodi. 

Mossad’s legendary 
master-spy in Tehran 
for 14 yean, was 
proud when in March 
1985 he was sum- 
moned by his good friend Shimon 
Peres, Israel's prime minister, to 
undertake a top-secret mission for 
the United States government. 
Returning from the cold into the 
heart of a major operation is the 
dream of most retired intelligence 
operators, and the 60-year-old 
Nimrodi was no exception. 

Famed for his outstanding con- 
tacts with I ranians , the millionair e 
son of Iraqi immigrants believed 
he was a natural choice to help 
both his country and the leader of 
its closest ally, President Reagan. 
Between 1956 and 1970, Nimrodi 
had developed a spectacular 
Mossad network which, based in 
Tehran, had penetrated the inner 
sanctums of Israel's hostile Arab 

In parallel, Nimrodi had used 
his fluent Farsi to negotiate 
Israel's huge arms sales to Iran. “I 
was in partnership with the Shah," 
he tells friends. After the. 
Ayatollah's return in 1979, 
Nimrodi had been urging the need 
to overthrow the Islamic fanatics 
who had deposed his friend. 

But when Nimrodi and Peres 
met to discuss the new mission, 
neither suspected that their ac- 
tions would help plunge the 
Reagan presidency into crisis. 
Since “Irangate” exploded, 
Nimrodi has claimed to be the 
helpless victim of power brokers 
in both Jerusalem and Wash- 
ington who, after exploiting his 
talent, his experience and his trust, 
have now cast him as a ruthless 
arms dealer who pocketed at least 
$10 million of missing profit from 
the deal. The truth, he claims, is 
very different 

Peres’ brief to Nimrodi was 
simple. President Reagan, sen- 
sitive to the pleas of the helpless 
families of the American hostages 
in Beirut, was anxious for any. help 
that might secure their release. 
Nimrodi ’s task was to find an 
Iranian in western Europe with 
close connections to the 
Ayatollah's regime who could 
secure that objective. 

After a series of discreet tele- 
phone calls, Nimrodi arrived in 
Geneva in May 1985. There he 
met an old acquaintance, the 
Saudi arms dealer Adnan 
Khashoggi. One week after that 
meeting, Khashoggi contacted 
Nimrodi to teO him that a 

rendezvous had been arranged at 
the Hilton Hotel in Geneva. There 
he was to meet Manucher 
Ghorbanifar, an Iranian whom 
Nimrodi had known 10 years 
earlier as an officer in the Savak, 
the Shah's secret police. 

At the meeting, Gfaorbanifar 
described himself as a deputy to 
Hussein Moussavi, the Iranian 
prime minister. Told that the 
Americans wanted the hostages' 
release, Gfaorbanifar promised he 
would pass the message on to 
Tehran but, not unexpectedly, 
indicated that there would be a 
price for Iranian help. 

Immersed for six years in a war 
of attrition with neighbouring 
Iraq, Iran's army was in desperate 
need of weapons which it had been 
denied by Washington’s blanket 
embargo. Heading Iran's billion- 
dollar shopping list were TOW 
anti-tank missiles. Gfaorbanifar 
suggested to Nimrodi that his 
efforts to persuade his boss to help 
America would be smoothed by a 
gift of such missiles to Iran. 

Gfaorbanifar then suggested that 
the first hostage to be released 
might be William Buckley, the 
CIA's station chief in Beirut, who 
had been kidnapped in March 
1984 by the Islamic Jihad and of 
whom nothing had thereafter been 

Five days later, Ghorbanifar 
telephoned Nimrodi, identifying 
himself with an agreed codename: 
"Askari”. Cryptically, “Askari” 
suggested that another meeting 
would be fruitful Although early 
reports placed that meeting in 
London, other sources suggest &at 
the venue was the luxurious Hotel 
George V in Paris. 

Since it was now probable that 
proper negotiations would start. 
Nimrodi arrived' at the end of 
April accompanied by three 

Leading the Israelis was David 
Kimche, the brilliant South Af- 
rican-born director of the Israeli 
foreign ofice and former deputy 
chief of Mossad. In his frequent 
visits to Washington, Kimche had 
long urged senior American of- 
ficials and politicians to recognize 
the catastrophic loss to the West of 
Iran as an ally. His solution was 
for the West to search for and 
support moderate Iranians who 
could be encouraged to topple the 
Ayatollahs. Many believe him to 
be the architect of Israel's policy, 
which started in 1980, of making 
secret arms supplies to such 

The second Israeli was A1 

Schwimmer, a founder of the 
Israeli aircraft industry, a lifelong 
friend and business associate of 
Nimrodi and also a dose friend of 
Shimon P e res. 

At the original meeting in 

At the original meeting in 
March in Peres* office, it had been 
d e c ided that while Nimrodi would 
search for the Iranian go-between, 
Kimche arid Sctawimmer would 
deal with the Americans, who 
were represented in Paris by 
Michael Ledeen, an academic 
Specializing in counter-terrorism 
who had been hired as a 
“consultant” to the. National Sec- 
urity Council by Kimche's key 
contact, the then National Sec- 
urity Adviser, Robert McFariane. 

Ensconced in the White House 
basement, Ledeen had become a 
dose associate of Lt-Colonel Oli- 

Secxet meetings in Geneva, Hamburg and London: “We were pleased to help,” Yaacov Nimrodi recalls 

ver North, the NSCs deputy 
director for political-military af- 

director for political-military af- 
fairs — whose resignation was to 
follow last week’s revelations. The 
author of a widely acclaimed 
insiders' investigation into the 
Shah’s fall, Ledeen had persis- 
tently urged successive National 
Security Advisers to develop a 
better relationship 1 with the 
Ayatollahs. Yet many senior of- 
ficials in Washington had become 
highly suspicious of him, follow- 
ing the exposure by the Wall Street 
Journal of a highly dubious busi- 
ness escapade which had resulted 1 
in the imprisonment of his Italian 

During the course of their 
negotiations, mutual suspicions 
arose between Nimrodi and 
Schwimmer on one hand and 
Ladeen on the otter over the 
conduct of the deal, gradually 
developing into acrimony. At the 
outset, though, their relationship 
seemed amicable. 

I V&M&f 

B ut the stakes were 
already much higher 
than the Israelis re- 
alized. “We were 
pleased to help the 
Americans,” Nimrodi 
states, “and we wanted to do 
more.” Their roles in the conspir- 
acy were fast diminishing. A thud 
and much larger arms deal was 
being assembled by officials in 
Feres' office, in the basement of 
the White House and by the CIA. 
But while negotiations were; still 
delicate, their help was required. 

In early December, after lengthy 
consultations, the original four 
emissaries again met Ghorbanifar 
in Hamburg. Their conversation 
was about further hostage releases. 
Enco uraged by Ghorbanifkr’s 
optimistic assurances, Ledeen in- 
sisted that all five fly immediately 
tn London to meet “an important 
team” arriving from Washington. ' 

From the available accounts, 
that meeting in Nimrodi's small . 
Kensington apartment was 
viewed by the Americans as 
“potentially historic” and by some ■ 
Israelis in retrospect as “bordering 
on the farcical”. Ghorbanifar was 
introduced to McFariane, North 
and Second. Although he had 
resigned his post the previous 
week, McFariane was visiting. 
London on official business while ' 
his associates had travelled across 
foe Atlantic under assumed 

Adnan Khashoggi: at Nimrodi's 
request, he contacted Iran 

David Kimche: led Israel's trio 
- of go-between negotiators 

Rev Be njamin Weir: released 
after foe shipment of arms 

D uring foe four-hour 
meeting Ghorban- 
ifar promised that 
foe I ranian prime 
minis ter would ar- 
range the release of 
“the important one” as Buckley 
had become known, in exchange 
for one plane-load of TOW mis- 
siles. Mindful of Washington's 
arms embargo, foe Israelis first 
tried to persuade Ghorbanifar to 
accept Israeli 106mm recoilless 
rifles. His refusal led foe Israelis to 
foe belief that Ghorbanifar had 
told Moussavi that he was dealing 
with the Americans, not foe 

Frustrated, foe four left foe 
hotel and flew to Israel, where foe 
Israelis failed to persuade Peres to 

release TOW missil es from 
Israel's own stocks. While 
Nimrodi returned to Europe, 
Kimche, Schwimmer and Ledeen 
flew to Washington to consult 

Until then, the National Sec- 
urity Adviser had suspected that 
Ghorbanifar was just another of 
the tricksters who infest - foe 
international arms business. But 
by foe time Ledeen arrived in his 
office, the CIA had submitted a 
sheaf of reports which overwhelm- 
ingly confirmed the Iranian's 
claims. During their meeting in 
Paris, Ledeen had encouraged 
Ghorbanifar to consult his master 
in Tehran by telephone to confirm 
his negotiating ‘ position. Those 
calls had been tapped by CXA 
agents, while Ghorteni&r’s sub- 
sequent movements had been 
closely monitored. To McFar- 
lane’s delight, the Americans, 
through intermediaries, were 
indisputably in contact with the 
heart of foe Ayatollah's regime. 

According to the Israelis, 
McFariane needed no persuasion 
and volunteered to break the arms 
embargo by secretly supplying the 
TOW missiles. The actual 

arrangements were delegated to 
Mqjor-General Richard Secord, a 
retired US Air Force officer who 
had become an adviser to North in 
the supply of weapons to the 
Contras in Central America. 

By August 18, 1985, Second had 
arranged for 600 missiles to be 
made available in Israel for the 
deal. In the meantime, 
Schwimmer had arranged foe 
charter of a DC-8 cargo plane — 
registration number 213889 
EPDIR — with two Colombian- 
born but US-naturalized pilots. 

The pilots spent two nights in a 
Tel Aviv apartment provided by 
Nimrodi On August 20, about 
100 TOWs were flown from Tel 
Aviv to Tabriz airport, Iran. After 
the cargo had been unloaded, the 
DC-8 returned directly to 

To the dismay of the Israelis 
and Americans, no hostage was 
released. Suspecting treachery, 
Nimrodi flew to confront 
Ghorbanifar at the 
Viajahreszeiten Hotel in Ham- 
burg. The Iranian explained that 
the arrival of foe TOWs had 
completely surprised his govern- 
ment Apparently, no one in 

Tehran had really believed that 
the Americans would break their 
own embargo. 

Nimrodi insisted that 
Ghorbanifar phone the prime 
minister imme diatel y. Ghorban- 
ifar dialled Tehran 667829 and 
spoke directly to Hussein. After 
letting them speak for some time, 
Nimrodi snatched the phone from 
Ghorbanifar and spoke to Hussein 
himse lf. “It was a tense moment,” 
according to an observer in the 

Exploiting bis intimate under- 
standing of Shfite mentality, 
Nimrodi convinced Hussein — 
who apparently thought he was. 
speaking to an American — that it 
was a matter of honour for Iran to 
fulfil iis promise. The result was a 
promise that in exchange for more 
TOWs, foe “important one” 
would be released. Money, 
Nimrodi insists, was never dis- 
cussed. It was a straight exchange. 
Both foe Israeli and Ghorbanifar 
flew soon afterwards to Israel, 
while the Iranians dispatched a 
team to the Lebanon to arrange 
the release of one hostage. 

On September 14, at the agreed 
signal from Tehran that an ex- 

Following mutual but re-, 
strained pleasantries, McFariane 
astonished his audience. Ghorb- 
anifar was asked whether all foe 
remaining hostages could be re-' 
leased by Christmas in exchange 
for more arms — and, more 
surprisingly, whether McFariane 
COllld meet, the I ranian primp 

minister. His demands, according 
to the Israelis, betrayed a sense of 

On their return to Israel, 
Kimche, Nimrodi and - 
Schwimmer were all personally 
thanked by Peres, who apparently 
told them that the operation was 
complete and that future negotia- 
tions were to be left to others. 

Ledeen claims Ur have been told 
on his return to Washington that 
the operation was over and that, 
Mowing McFariane’s departure, 
his services were no longer re- 
quired — a scenario viewed scep- 
tically by foe Israelis, who 
suspected that Ledeen had struck 
a private relationship with 

, Accurate details of subsequent 
dealings between the US, Israel 
and Iran ' have yet to emerge. 
Nimrodi, however, feds that he 
has been unjustly tarnished by the 
scandal “I worked tirelessly for 
nine months, using my own 
money and contacts, without get- 
ting anything in return,” he 
claims. Even in retirement, a spy 
does not enjoy being deceived. 

6 TIhm NtMMim lm urn 

The critic in the carriage bows out 

Relieving someone of the fear 
and pain of cancer is beyond value. 
But it still has its price. 

As BR announces its 
latest fare rises, 
Len Dumelow, 
protector of the 
passengers, takes his 
last train home 

Graham Wood 

IcmQPp wfe 

avd i Jk 

fnf Wfak K\cvwfi_. .u 

LwpA-.lto top rai*Q o/v one 

<4 upuf MocjwUoa - foawUW 


uK ^ ■ 

effort,™.™ j There are isull many thousands of cancer victims who have ! 

io sutler the pam and anxiety of this cruel disease without the care of a Macmillan nurse. But { 
you can begin to ease their pain, simply by sending a donation to Major HCL Garnett cbe 
Cancer Relief Macmillan Fund, 15 19 Britten Street. London SW3 STY Tel- 01-351 781L ‘ * l 

Cancer Relief 

Macmillan fund 

&>-■«»> *wC^V<- y,, -evi- * 

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With immaculately groomed 
greyish hair, dark tailored smt 
and his favourite pipe at foe 
ready. Lea Dumelow, aged 60, 
looks like a typically stffif- 
cp per- lip British — 

the sort of man who would take 
a ca n cellation of foe 8~23 to 
Charing Cross or an unex- 
plained half hour delay just 
outside Hither Green with a 
perfunctory oath and a philo- 
sophical shrug. Even his job 
tide, secretary of the Central 
Transport Consultative 
Com m ittee, has to it a bureau- 
cratic and inoffensive ring. 

Certainly his Mew pas- 
sengers, with whom be has 
collectively travelled three 
quarters of a milli on raO miles 

these past 15 years, would not 
recognize him as foe scourge 
of British RaO. His retirement 
this weekend, just as BR 
announced fare increases 
averaging 5 per emit and 
reaching 10 per cent on seme 
provincial routes, could not 
have been more timely. 

“This is foe time of year 
when trains all over foe cotm- 
try are running fate because 
their wheels are slipping on 
fallen leaves,” he said as we 
rolled through Chisleharst an 
the 333 up train from 
Tonbridge, “fit’s a joke. For 
yea rs B ritish Rail has been 
experimenting on various 
cures and you know what they 
are d oing now? They are 
cutting down foe offending 
trees and replacing them with 
evergreens. Could yon have 
worked that oat? We could — 
and we told them so years 

s ft 

J IV* «UL 

\ r I fed 

Watchdog Len Dumelcrw: ‘Definite signs of improvement, but still along way to go” 

The words pour out with a there merely to fiS its trains. discovered not fang ago that is 
refreshing candour from the “I would say it was about Yorkshire there were 23 dif- 
railway passenger's principal five years ago that RR turned ferest types of fares far the 

The wonts pour out with a 
refreshing candour firms foe 
railway passenger's pri nc ipal 
professional watchdog mad 
protector — a man who, ever 
since be first became secretary 
of the Scottish Region at foe 
Consultative Committee in 
1966, has received his salary 
from the Department of Trade 
wad Industry and repaid it by 
being not only a fearless critic 
of British Sail but also of the 
successive governments which 
have employed him. 

His final ended term report? 
“Definite signs of 
improvement” he says “bo* 
with still a kng way to go. 
Back in foe 1950s a lot of 
go ve rn m en t money was poured 
into the railways to modernize 
the whole system after the 
war. Even 20 years age the 
product BR was offering its 
passengers was still very good. 

“With the passage of time 
there has been little invest- 
ment, equipment has been 
ageing and the service has 
been grinding down whh stan- 
dards falling. The altitude 
taken by management was 
that railways were m to suit 

the cwaB' fad It will be many 
yens before it gets ft right I 
am afraid there wifi always be 
a job for my successors.” 

Dumelow, who comnties 
dally between his home in 
Rugby and office in London, 
was chief executive of an i 
orga ni za ti on which is chaired 
on a part-time basis by Major 
General Lennox Napier and 
which collates information 
from nine regional coamnti- 
tees; one each in Scotiaml and 
Wales and seven fa 

“We try to work!® dis- 
cussion with British RaB but 
never hesitate to go direct to 
the Ministry erf Transport or. 
if all else faQs, enlist the help 
of the media,” he says. “Our 
recent successes have included 
getting British Rail to make 
restonrant meals available for 
second class passengers, to 
improve safety standards on 
automatic sliding doors, to 
modernize the timetable en- 
quiry network, to experiment 
with public telephones on 
trafas and to simplify the fare 
struc ture. Do yon know, we 

Yorkshire there were 23 dif- 
ferent types of fares far the 
same journey in one day? The 
booking office derks were 
completely bemused — and so 
were the passengers.” 

The blackspots which still 
prevail? Dumelow ticks them 

off with practised familiari ty. 
“For bad timekeeping, all 
Liverpool Street commuter 
routes, particularly the Nor- 
wich line: For ov e rcrow d ing, 
foe Glasgow to Edinburgh 
service, which is one of the 
most important in Britain and 
yet is treated like a Cinderella. 
For cancellations, the London 
area peak tune commuter ser- 
vices where BR say they 
constantly have difficulty 
recruiting staff. But I am 
afraid that's their problem — it 
shouldn't be ours.” 

One thing Dumelow has no 
difficulty bringing to mind is 
his own worst experience. 
“There was snow on the 
ground not altogether 
surprising in the mfodip of 
January — and it took my train 
five horns to stutter its way 
from Loudon to Rugby,” be 
recalls. “It should have taken 
one boar, and the final straw 
was when, long before we got 
to Rngby, the bar ran out of 

Wil li a m Greaves 

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change bad become possible, 
Ghorbeni&r personally accompa- 
nied the second shipment of 500 
TOWs on foe same DC-8. 

When the Rev Benjamin Weir, 
a Presbyterian minister who had 
been held hostage in Lebanon for 
more thon year, was released that 
same day instead of Buckley, some 
Israelis were puzzled. Ledeen, 
however, told Nimrodi that he 
was not surprised, claiming that . 
he had known for some time that 
the CIA agent had been killed. 

For both Israeli busine s s m en, it 
was the first inkling that they were 
pawns in a much larger g am e — 
that, in fact, the Americans had 
been conducting parallel negotia- 
tions with Ghorbanifar without . 
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Love involves loyalty but loyalty can also be blind to evil, Julia Orange looks behind a deadly and tragic shield at women tom between love and _duty 

All for the love of a dangerous man 


Ik.- " 



Stand by your man is the stuff of 
cheap songs and penny romance. 
But the belief that love is a law 
unto itself is a ro mantic notion 
with horrible consequences when 
used by a woman like Myra 
Hindley to explain her years of 
unswerving, unwavering loyalty to 
child murderer l«n Brady. 

Julie Mogford, the girlfriend of 
Jeremy Bamber, told police how 
she was too besotted for her 
conscience to prick until a month 
after her boyfriend gunned 
down five members of his family. 

Sharon Bovill, the girlfriend of 
the M4 rapist John Steed, admit- 
ted to police that Steed had 
confessed his crimes to her as they 
took place. Not only had she left 
him free to «tta*dr a g ai p, bm after 
he was senten c ed she wept and 
shouted: “1*11 stand by you.” 

“Loyal to a fiend!" shouted a 

4 As females we are 
taught to nurture and 
forgive men 9 

banner headline that day. Public 
reaction to women who allow men 
to get away with murder and rape 
has been swift, vociferous and in 
some cases highly vindictive. 

“There is scarcely a sex criminal 
who does not have a revolting 
worm of a wife or a girlfriend who 
says she will stand by him,” said a 
columnist in an evening paper last 
week. He suggested that such 
women be convicted alongside the 
c riminals and crushed under the 
fidl weight of the law's bed. 

But such a stand is based cm 
dangerous myths about die nature 
of such relationships. The first is 
that any woman living with a 

violent criminal is willingly 
colluding with him, even when the 
criminal's violence is directed 
towards heisdfi 

The second myth is that all 
murderers behave like complete 
bastards from me moment they 
get up and eat their breakfast to 
the minute they lay their mugshot 
heads on the pillow at night. They 
might, at times be ordinary men, 
loved by wives, children and 
mothers formdinary reasons 
The third and perhaps most 
'complacent and debatable myth is 
that if any normal person sud~ 
denly discovered that someone 
they loved had committed a 
terrible crime, they would auto- 
matically have the clarity of mind 
and the courage to march the 
offender straight to the police. 

Yet loyalty (Seneca's definition 
of the word was “the holiest good 
in the human heart") is far too 
ample a word to describe the 
many motives which bind women 
to men who are sometimes mad, 
bad and dangerous to know. So is 
there something in the female 
psyche which can be overcome by 
a disastrous torpor when faced 
with evil? 

Obviously it is naive to assume 
that all partners of violent crim- 
inals are good women who hap- 
pened to fall into the dutches of 
evil men. Psychiatrist Robin 
Skynner says: “There are dark 
areas of lire where women are 
drawn to men who act out violent 
impulses which drey may not be 
able to own up to in themselves." 

There is also a romantic notion 
that both gullible and intelligent 
women can fan for— and on which 
the presses of Mills & Boon grind 
— which portrays the most attrac- 
tive men as dangerous but 
reclaimable outlaws, who can, like 
the frog prince, be transformed by 

the love of a good woman. When a 
frog resolutely stays a frog, a 
woman may find herself trapped 
in the miasma of his crimes. 

Both criminologists and psychi- 
atrists suggest that the reasons 
why women commit so few vi- 
olent crimes are linked to the 
reasons why they handle violence 
so ineffectively when it is taking 
place around them. As females we 
are taught to nurture and forgive 
men and not to challenge their 
authority or to judge them, or, if 
necessary, shop them to the police. 

Criminologist Frances 
Heidensohn, the author of 
Women and Crime . says: 

“Women are still mainly depen- 
dent creatures. Their primary 
goals in life are to maintain 
themselves and their children. 
When they find themselves in a 
relationship that has gone right off 
the rails, their strongest instinct is 
to deny what is happening. Be- 
cause to face up to it is to invite 
the destruction of their family and 
their life in the community.” 

Robin Skynner, in his book 
Families and How to Survive 
Them, talks of a kind of paralysis 
that overcomes even trained fe- 
male therapists when confronted 
with aggressive men. He says 
women often “find it terribly 
difficult to put a man to the test 

It’s as if they've been trained from 
birth to avoid it”. 

If professionals have difficulty 
facing up to powerful men, how 
much more horrifying must it be 
for a woman locked into a 
relationship with a man who may 
have already inflicted violence on 

Criminologist Susan Edwards, 
author of Women On Trial, has 
spent three years working with 
police trying to discover why some 
women choose to put up with the 
most atrocious domestic violence 
rather than go to the police. Her 
conclusion, echoing Frances 
Heidensohn, is that women are 
often too afraid first of the men 

themselves and then of the public 

She says: “It" s far too easy to be 
vise after the event, to say how 
could she live with him? Why 
didn't she do something? But n 
you were the one with a gun at 
your head, you might decide to 
shut up too.” 

Terror may well have been an 
effecti ve gag for Sharon Bovill, 
girlfriend of the M4 rapist. One 
policeman who questioned the 21- 
year-okl girl described her as being 
“in stark terror of Steed and no 
different from any of his victims”. 

Such a stale of mind is often, 
Heidensohn says, exacerbated by 
fears of negotiating a legal system 
inn largely by male lawyers, judges 
and police. “Many women have 
no confidence at all in the police," 
she says. “They do not have an 
image of them as protective and 
gentlemanly. They've heard about 
how police treat rape victims." 

When a woman goes to court to 
testify against her man, she knows 
her life can never be the same 
a gain, that the popular press will 
probably beef up all the most 
sordid and sensational details of 
her private life and that she may 
ultimately be judged just as 
harshly as the criminal hims e lf . 

Chairman Brent, the ex-wife of 
Great Train Robber Ronald Biggs, 
is <till trying to live down the 
notoriety of being “that man's 
wife”, 20 years after her husband 
committed his crime. 

Brent — who changed her name 
after divorcing Biggs — spoke to 
me with much self-loathing of the 
years when she was “loyal to the 
point of lunacy to a man I now 
regard as a complete sham”. In a 
voice drained of all life, she spoke 
of the time when, with the family 
was still on the run from die 
police, her seven-year-old son died 
m a car crash. “While he was 

; to death, I was searching 
the car for incriminating evidence. 

The funeral was overrun with cops 
and curious journalists. It was an 
absolute travesty of a child's 

She also spoke of the double 
standards — how society often 
dealt more harshly with the wives 
and families of criminals than the 
offenders themselves. “Ron,” she 
said, “is still portrayed in the press 
as a kind of folk hero — a great 
lover, a bit of a lad. But the long- 
term effects on the rest of our 
family have been completely and 
utterly disastrous.” 

She said her sons had been 
turned down for jobs because they 
were considered security risks. In 
1975, at a time when Ron's 
romantic escapades were high- 
lighted in tire newspapers, her 

‘Women often find it 
difficult to pnt 
a man to the test 9 

father — a deeply religious man — 
committed suicide, on the 
anniversary of Ron and 
Char m fan 's wedding day. “He 
couldn't stand the shame of 
constant media exposure any 

A continuing penalty for Brent 
has been an inability to form any 
significant relationships with 
other men. “For other men. I'm 
tainted. I'm associated in their 
minds with something that isn't 
nice and might be catching. 

“If only I'd had the guts 20 to 30 
years ago to admit Td made an 
awful mistake, my life would have 
been very different” 

© Ttom Nawapapm Ud 1988 

Come-on lines are 
an easy turn-off 

I was reading, with ever- 
widening eyes, a magazine 
article called “The Dumbest 
Thing I Ever Did for Love” 
and my thoughts turned to 
Joyce McKinney, the woman 
who swore that she would ski 
down a slope stark naked 
with a red rose between her 
teeth for the man she adored. 

That was almost the last 
thing the man she adored 
required of her. Absolutely 
the last thing he wanted her to 
do she did anyway, which 
was to kidnap him. Men may 
fantasize about being 
whisked away by a beautiful 
blonde but when it happens 
they are inclined to scream 
and holler. 

The dumbest things that 
people quoted in the maga- 
zine article did included shin- 
ning up a tree to whisper 
poetry outside their beloved’s 
window and setting off the 




OUTgiar ■■■ hjsuaii uumwt 

and deliberately giving the 
wrong answers in an 
laminat ion paper so as not 
to outshine “him”. How stu- 
pid, how self-defeating, how 
courageous. . 

For courage is certainly 
needed to pin your heart 
provocatively on your sleeve. 

A heroine of our tune is tire 
woman I know who sent a 
note to a man attending a 
public dinner at a hotel The 
note requested him to go to 
room 124 where ebampapre 
and a surprise awaited fann. 
The biggest sin-prise was that 
instead of suddenly 
remembering an urgent 
appointment in Suntmry, ne 
actually walked down the 
corridor to room 124 and he 
and the wayward woman 
have been together ever 

Years later, whenever I am 
eabered together with female 
S« id s,.we.talkabout tto 

astounding incident Unani- 
mous in our adi^tion ior 

the fady, we are adamant that 

we would new dare i to 
emulate her- There are those 
of us who swear that t«y 

would rather die thm^ *4 
, sexual initiative. There are 
^ others who claim that, after 
several stiff gins, they might 
act so far as to write the note 
fndewrn have it delivered to 

^^tS^wouId besurcto 
mv a high pnee for such- 
boldness: the ctanpafg 
would grow warmas the ice. 
in the silver bucket melted 
Sto a puddle, thar 
would lose its bounce as the 
morning’s hairdressing 

appointment bwame am we 

Fulfilling a 

no-nonsense name) 

Women do bo* ^ 

to pe°Pj' 

mg the box that .. 
continental breakfast for one. 

What we never do is ex- 
ctaim what a wonderful 
wheeze it was, worth a book- 
shelf-ful of those books foD of 
tips on bow to get your man 
which nsually advise you to 
put perfume behind your 
knees. (An odd thing to do, 
unless you dream of finding a 
latter-day Toulouse Lautrec.) 

We certainly don't plan to 
try the hotel-room technique 
for ourselves, even tho ugh w e 
may be heavy of heart, pining 
away with unrequited love 
ami longing for a piece of the 
action. Some primordial 
conditioning requires us to be 
the Unattainable Sic and we 
shrink from doing whatever 
the 1986 equivalent of d rop- 
ping a muslin handkerchief at 
the loved one’s feet may be. 

It is a brave and brazen 
woman who would visit a 
man bedbound with the ’flu 
with a bunch of hchm n 
fcafirvim and scads of brandr 
new gossip, however cheered 
up he might be by both. 
Before ringing up to suggest 
lunch, we bite on oar entities 
for hours, wondering whether 
it "ligh t be consdered a 
come-on, even though aflvre 
wish to discuss is a tone 
editorial planning. - 

I do not know why we 
think that men wffi grow fun 
of sound and fury if we wave 
a pair of theatre tickets m 

front oftheir eyes or ask them 
to a party where they can y 

sure of drowning in pretty 
rirls, but we are convinced 
that this will be the care. 

Because of our fastidious-, 
ness, men who fed poorly 
remain on visited with omy a 
ctriy-comcred slice of pro- 
cessed cheese into rank- 
smelling fridge. Or they W 
in on Saturday nights, wish- 
ing that they were out A 
tragic situation, but if they 
wish to ctenge.itin SR® “ 

these reckless tim^njssffil 

up to them to ***?*“? 

move in the courtship ntual 

crying need 

1 had begun to think that 
they had come to the conci- 
sion that we spent our tune 

see a petfiane adverttstng 
as 'The ror 

"Did W *?« a 


I t was a brave new con- 
cept for the advertising 
a gencies — how would 
they sell the socially 
acceptable, health-preserving 
I miracfe ingredient Monog- 
I amy? It has all the qualities for 
; a successful ca mp aign — 
j fashionable, moral, a positive 
concept with plenty of 
■ opportunity fin - lyrical es- 
| cajMsm. True, they were being 
n«;irftrf to succeed in a field 
where the churches have faded 
for centuries, but that seemed 
a relatively modest require- 
ment for rhe formidable 
persuasive power of today’s 
hard-sell evangelists, with 
their access to subtle media 
tricks — particularly as the 
Aids-petrified environment is 
c on d uc ive to a bouncebac k in 
meaningful one-on-one 
relationship situations. 

But no. If they weren't 
exactly wild-eyed with fear at 
being asked to prepare such an 
unexpected assault on t heir 
own lifestyles, a surprising 
number of agencies lapsed 
into bewilderment or shock. 
They listened obligingly to the 
request, made a few bad taste 
jokes and then disappeared 
into endless meetings and 
lunches or, like White Collins 
Rutherford Scott, returned 
with dark messages. “We 
would prefer to keep it to 
ourselves,” they said. 

“It’s not possible to use 
advertising to encourage peo- 
ple to be monogamous,” as- 
serted David Miller, chairman 
of Young and R nbkam , who 
have prepared an Aids warn- 
ing ad which will be shown 
tonight on the BBC2 current 
affairs programme. Antenna 
(8.10pm). “Young people 
have been brought up in an 
environment where monog- 
amy is a very old-fashioned 
concept If s like losing the 
best years of your life. You 
could run a campaign that 
encourages them to flunk very 
carefully about the risks in- 
volved in one-night stands." 

David Abbot, aged 48, 
fhattman of Abbott Mead 
Vickers, who is reponsibk: for 
jaunty asexual campaigns 
yirii as the “Caledonian 
Girls”, was just as gloomy. 
“There’s no product to sell, 
he daimed. “I'd be inclined to 
spend the money on safe rex, 
which is definable) rather than 
less sex - which is not You 
can't sell monogamy until you 
find someone you want to be 
monogamous with. It’s to do 
with love, whatever that is.” 

O f the few ma c ho 
advertising men 
who were not ap- 
palled at selling 
monogamy, most favoured 
“&ar” as the unique selling 
proposition. Sammy Haran, 
manag in g director of TBWA, 
who is masterminding tire 
current £20 million Aids cam- 
nairn for the DHSS, ex- 
phrined: “Agencies tike to fed 
they could sell anything, but 
you have to give p eople a 
credible and motivating rea- 
son to be monogamous —and 
the possibility of cat c hing 
Aids is one of the most 
powerful" . 

Winston Fletcher, chairman 
of Delaney Fletcher Delaney, 
took the challenge seriously. 
In a couple of days his agency 
produced four drawings and 
he explained how the concep- 
tualization of the problem had 
developed. “We started by 
promoting Monogamy with 
the ad that says ‘Better Wed 
than Dead*. But as we got into 
it, we felt we should be 

Prime time 
for instant 

Young and Rubicam’s AIDS warning 
advert will be shown tonight on BBC2. 
The Times asked other agencies how 
they would sell that most difficult of 
commodities — old-fashioned fidelity 

to produce two rough ads. 
“From a creative point of 
view, it's much easier to sell 
‘Do this, otherwise you'll 
die',” explained Owen-Jones. 
“But we felt monogamy 
should be approached by say- 
ing, ‘Buy it because it’s lovely* 
rather than ‘Buy it — or else’. 
According to current thinking 
you're only a man if you have 
lots of women, so you have to 
approach the problem on an 
emotional levd and say ‘Real 
men are perfectly happy with 
one' and make the othms seem 
like insecure little boys. It 
would be really easy to sell on 
television. You’d have this 
Flash Harry in a bar making 
all these really dumb remarks 
to all these girls — and play 
that off against sincerity.” 

Sincerity, of course, has 
always been big in advertising, 
but Susie Henry, aged 35, 
creative director of Waldron 
Allen Henry and Thompson, 
thought the product required a 
more radical approach. 
“Monogamy needs a 
relaunch,” she declared. “It’s a 
cracking idea to sell because 
the time is right for a positive 
alternative to the AIDS 
advertisements, which seem 
as if they should have a skull' 
and crossbones on top. Every 
time I read one it sends 
shivers down my spine.” 

Giving the 
game away 

From Mrs M Mahovie, 
Moseley, Birmingham. 

Penny Perrick is sinprised to 
be invited on her own to 
various functions (Do Bring 
The Husband, Monday Page, 
November 24). This doesn't 
surprise me in the least 

Every reader of The Times 
should realize from her arti- 
cles ti«a* she was married 
twice, that her second mar- 
riage also came to an end, that 
one of her offspring is at 
Oxford, that she takes holi- 
days in Ireland, that she 
suffered from depression, that 
she doesn’t like being on her 
own, etc, etc. 


Having received com- 
prehensive information about 
her circumstances, woald it 
not be tactless b» invite a nm- 

existent husband? 

This comes from wearing 
your heart on your sleeve, or 
should I say, in print! 

From Mrs Olga E. Lockley, 
Winmarleigh, Preston. 

1 most sincerely thank Gail 
Penney (Paws for thought, 
Friday Page, November 21) 
on behalf of the loving, caring 
dog she did not bay far her 
children. With tack it will 
have found a loving, caring 
heme elsewhere. 

Stick to cats, Mrs Penney 
— no commitments on either 

uring a thfaikhn 
ilunch, sbe 

i Henry, of Waldron AOem “Famffiarity breeds 

One. tf -HT6 hods 

OrtL ofite Men. 

"I loot Vjfcu tebe 

'1 lot 

, «• 

r \ lOJUfW 

bwt yju averts" 

1 joueywSG* 

■| kwvw 5 ***/ 

"l (ox you dot* 

Won ofrAW/ 

)tu tmadi toe hi*o*pw«. 

Changing tire image: “real man** fidelity appeal from GGK 

advertising fidelity, rather 
♦ham monogamy, and they are 
not quite the same flung So 
we moved to a second mess- 
age about the penalties of 
sleeping around. 

“Fidelity isn’t a difficult 

concept to sell, but it's hard to 

say bow it would change the 
of those who are 
1 Advertising is 

, and very good at in- 
— *, people to buy a 
particular brand of baked 

beans, but its ability to change 

people's morahty has never 
been tested. How do 
establish that the road a 
anti-heroin or anti-snu 
camp aigns have had mi 

Women in advertising were 
more up-beat about the 
project and seemed to think 
that their male colleagues were 
.victims of fantasy, an occupa- 
tional hazard. Kitty 
planning director of GGK, 
remarked: “Most advertising 
men will say you can’t sell 
monogamy because they were' 
brought up with the 
permissiveness of the Sixties 
and are loathe to leave that 
behind. If s extremely out of 
date in the Eighties. Today, it 
would be easy to sefl 

Within an hour, sbe had 
inspired 28-year old copy- 
writer Peter Owen-Jones and 
art director Gary Monaghan 

9g m the main thrusts of a 
successful cam- 
paign. “What problem should 
it address? Monogamy offers a 
short-term benefit, but it is a 
long-term trap, lt deprives you 
of excitement and variety, and 
is boring, so it has sul the 
wrong values for the Eighties. 
These are hunches,” she said 
sternly. “I have no market 
research to back them up. 

“Now who are we talking 
to? You’ve got to catch them 
young. It’s abit of a minefield. 
You can't sell stability because 
that's the last thing young 
people want I've addressed 
my thoughts to the hetero- 
sexual community, particu- 
larly those under 30 and 
marrieds thinking about di- 
vorce or who have a roving 

“What should it achieve? It 
has to restate the benefits of 
monogamy in an exciting 
contemporary way- bm most 

important yon have to make! 
people think they are gaining 1 
rather than losing. You 
needn't say ‘One person, one 
-partner — or you’ll die of 
AIDS’. Ifs much nicer to say 
that monogamy makes you 
happier, rather titan h makes 
yon healthier. So a good 
slogan would be, ‘It’s more fim 
with one’, or ’Familiarity 
Breeds Content*. Yon could 
build on that and show the 
best parts of family life, with 
people growing older and 
getting to know each other. 

“As regards marketing 
activity, it needs royal patron- 
age; the Princess of Wales 
would be perfect And there 
should also be improved tax 
advantages for married cou- 
a free marriage bcence, 

some sort of government rent 
rebate to encourage people to 
live on their own until they 
find Mr Right and govern- 
ment-sponsored computer 
dating with every client guar- 
anteed AIDS tested 
Monogamy as a vote win- 
ner? Combined with money, 
and sincerity it couldn’t fefl. 

Andrew Duncan! 

ftflnM H— piipm Ud IMS 

W e welcome complaints from the 
public about advertisements in 
the press, on posters and in the cinema. 
It helps us keep advertising standards 
high. But we also monitor a considerable 
amount of advertising, and take the 
necessary action ourselves. 

If you’d like to know more about our 
work, and receive a copy of the rules, 
please write. 


Advertising Standard s Authority. £ 
We*re here to put it rightly 

ASA Lid.. Dept. A. Brook House.Tomngron Place. London VVC l E 7HN. 



Wright: the CIA approach 

by Miles Copeland 

Palace show 

Nicholas Ridley, the Environment 
Secretary, has just toured Hamp- 
ton Court Palace to see how 
repairs are going after the March 
fire. The visit was not an unquali- 
fied success. Accompanied by 
William Waldegrave, his junior 
minister, and Lord Maclean, Chief 
Steward of the Palace, they noted 
that remedial works in the state 
rooms had been completed and 
that the multi-million pound, 
restoration was under way. Per- 
haps this will now be extended to 
include a new lift, the existing one 
breaking down on their way out. It 
was coned to the ground floor 
where the visitors remained incar- 
cerated for two hours along with 
several assorted generals who, in 
line with their calling, offered 
contradictory strategies on bow to 
get out Finally they were rescued 
by the fire brigade. 

One week before it became public 
knowledge that my old friend Kim 
Philby was indeed a KGB agent, a 
London newspaper quoted me as 
saying I would stake my pro- 
fessional reputation on his being- 
otherwise. That was the last time I 
will ever stake my “professional 
reputation", such as it is, on 

1 will not stake what’s left of it 
now on a negative pr opo si tion. 
But I will say this; none of the 
senior CIA officials in London 
while Sir Roger Hollis was head of 
M15 believed he was anything 
more reprehensible than an overly 
cautious professional with a ten- 
dency — not unknown in intelli- 
gence chiefs — to reject as 
unimaginable what the “was" say 
to be true. 

■ Sir Roger displayed this trait in 
his interpretation of the Gouzenko 
affair, the case of the Soviet cypher 
derk who defected to the Canadi- 
ans in 1945. But he was not alone. 
Many of the Canadians and 
Americans who knew the details 
believed Gouzenko to be "too 
good to be true", as an SIS (MI6) 

officer reported after his first 
interrogation of the man. 

Even the CIA’s James Jesus 
Angle ton, then regarded by the 
Washington and London intelli- 
gence services alike as the world’s 
most astute spy spotter, believed 
Hollis’s weakness to be no more 
than a lack of the "creative 
imagination" necessary to an 
understanding of Soviet es- 

As for the “young Turks” 
report, a sanitized summary of 
which was forwarded to the CIA 
via its station in London, 

Angleion found it professionally 
on a par with that of the informa- 
tion which former MIS agent Peter 
Wright seems to have leaked to 
Chapman Pincher, the journalist 
full of oonnotative words, judg- 
mental phrases, dramatic leaps to 
conclusions, and mountains marie 
of molehills. 

There is this to add. In the early 
days of Hollis's tennre an almost 
dogmatic belief was growing 
among intelligence officials that 
coldblooded, emotionless analysis 
was essential to a workable under- 

standing of the Soviet assault on 
foe West and- its values. We 
needed the clinical objectivity of a 
doctor dealing with a typhoid 
epidemic rather than the zeal of a 
witch hunter. 

Thus there was a growing 
distrust in the Washington and 
London intelligence communities 
of the viaceraOv motivated minor- 
ities in the FBI and MIS who were 

making nuisances nf themselves in 

the manner of Senator Joe Mc- 
Carthy. We could hold our own 
with left-wing kooks who attacked 
os for not sharing their admiration 
of the "grand experiment”; it was 
the fanatics on our own ride 
whom we saw as a pest. 

Thus, the view of the CIA is 
likely to be roughly the same as 
mine, to wit: instead of giving the 
Wright book a mass of fine 
publicity — I would dearly like to 
persuade HMG to take my book 
into court when publication day 
nears! — Mis Thatcher should 
have first made a sober guess 
about her chances of a quick 
victory in the Australian courts. 
Once seeing the likelihood of 

Mure she should have observed 
an old rule we used to preach in 
the early days of the CIA: “If you 
must kid: a king be sure you kick 
him hard enough to ltin him." 

If this had happened in America 
in the good old pre-Watergate 
days, we ddtiine professionals 
. might have toyed briefly with the 
possibility of bdping Wright to 
discredit himself — after all, he 
hasn’t been doing too bad a job of 
it on his own — but in the end we 
would have been overruled by 
wiser heads who would have seen 
the book as no more than a rehash 
rehash of the same dreary old stuff ■ 
and that, left to itself; it would 
wind up, unreviewed, on the 
remainder shelves. 

But, alaa, in the case at hand xrs 
too late. Now a hero in tire eyes of 
much of the public, and about to 
become the darling of television 
talk shows, Peter Wright is sure to 
have enough of a best-seller to 
make whatever Chapman Pincher 
paid him look like peanuts. 

Miles Copeland, a former CM 
official, is author qf The Game of 

Cathy’s tragic 


Barclays’ severance of links with 
South Africa is particularly bad 
news for the Royal Shakespeare 
Company in the wake of its 
principled prevarication over 
whether to accept a £60,000 grant 
from the bank. The hard-up 
thespians can now applaud the 
ends for which they ca mpaigneri, 
but without the money. A Barclays 
spokesman tells me the matter of 
the £60,000 is dosed and the grant 
will uot be reoffered. 

• British Telecom's advice to 
"Make that call" obviously does 
not extend to r ingin g its own 
telephone exchanges. All, without 
exception, are ex-directory. 


History, as we all know, repeats 
itself; but seldom so soon after the 
original event In his recently 
published memoirs, General 
“Dutch" Huyser, President Cart- 
er’s cloak-and-dagger emissary to 
pre-revolutionary Iran, says his 
mission to keep Khomeini from 
power was sabotaged by rivalries 
in Washington, in particularly by 
the interference of Zbigniew Brze- 
rinski, the National Security Ad- 
viser. Hugh Hanning , who 
collaborated on the book, says 
Huyser was so appalled by the in- 
fighting that he refused Reagan’s 
subsequent offer of tbe deputy 
headship of the NSG He can have 
few regrets about his decision to 
become chief of America’s boy 
scout movement instead. 

Budget prices? 

Irate Treasury civil servants have 
concluded that departmental 
fondness for good husbandry has 
gone too far. They have been told 
that prices in their in-house 
hostelry, the appositely named 
Treasury Tap, are to be increased 
from today by 10 per cent - more 
than three times the rate of 
inflation. Perhaps tbe bar manager 
knows something that we don't. 

Steak mountain 

Now that the world is awash with 
too much wheat. Professor Vaclav 
Smil of Manitoba University says 
it would make economic sense to 
stop growing it and reintroduce 
the near-extinct buffalo, or bison, 
to the North American plains. The 
Indians, he points out, lived on 
buffalo meat for thousands of 
years, as did the early European 
settlers. With a Uttle genetic 
engineering, he says, the animals 
could provide a new source of 
protein-rich meat. Could this be 
the stan of a buffalo meat moun- 

With the possible exception of a 
planarian worm that has been cut 
in half both across and length- 
ways, there can be no creature, 
animal, vegetable or mineral, so 
congenitally spineless as the 
administrative head of a British 
university. I suppose tbe filleting 
process began in tbe Sixties, but it 
has gone a great deal further since; 
by now, if anyone slams a door 
□ear a vice-chancellor, he is likely 
to put his hands up and start 
reciting the names and ages of his 
dependent relatives. 

When, recently, the government 
introduced legislation, as an 
amendment to the Education Bill, 
which would oblige university 
authorities to ensure that the 
principle of free speech within tbe 
law was upheld on their premises 
(following many incidents in 
which it had been denied, with 
violence, to visiting speakers and 
even to the institutions’ own 
teachers), passers-by were deaf- 
ened by the resentful and indig- 
nant squealing of those whose job 
it would be to cany out the law, 
rather than, as they preferred, to 
let intimidation do its work while 
they looked the other way. 

They said that a jaw was 
unnecessary, that it would be 
unenforceable, that boys will be 
boys, that the trouble had been 
much exaggerated, that a punch in 
the nose was good for catarrh, and 
that while they did not themselves 
believe that Mr John Carlisle, MP, 
practised cannibalism, at any rate 
regularly, reports that bones had 
been found in his dustbin could 
not be entirely discounted and 
that in any case a visit from him 
was undeniably something of a 

The government ignored the 
squealing and pressed on with the 
legislation; how right they were to 
do so can be seen from recent 
events at the University College of 
Cardiff. For if university authori- 
ties are in general over-supple of 
spine, the conduct of those in 
charge at Cardiff must suggest that 
the Boneless Wonder has risen 
from the grave. 

The Cardiff authorities have 
made a formal agreement with the 
students’ union which enshrines 
the right to deny a bearing to any 
speaker deemed “controversial”. 

If such a speaker is invited, the 
union will be officially allowed to 
stage an “orderly" demonstration 
outside the hall. (In practice, of 
course, that means that the stu- 
dents will continue, as is the 
fashion, to bang and spit upon the 
speaker’s car, to try to prevent him 
from getting into the hall, and to 
scream abuse at him). When the 
meeting is about to start, the 
official demonstrators from out- 

Bernard Levin 

From freedom 
of speech to 
licence to gag 

v THE g 

PROP; PcEttSED to 

side are to officiary enter the hall 
and take up official position. 
Should the speaker say something 
that displeases them, “official 
heckling" will then begin, and if 
tbe speaker persists in saying 
things they do not approve o£ they 
will then exercise their right, 
enshrined in tbe memorable 
words “chanting will lake place", 
to prevent him being heard. 

This treaty, in the even more 

striking words of those who agreed 
upon it, is designed to ensure 
“both freedom of speech within 
the law and the equally important 
freedom for students to express 
opposing views.” 

A student spokesman, after the 
announcement of the details, ex- 
pressed himself well pleased with 
them, since, as he engagingly 
declared, the agreement would 
enable the students to continue 
with their policy of denying a 
platform to speakers of whose 
views they disapproved. For good 
measure, incidentally, the coll- 
ege’s ignominious surrender was 
made even more abject by a 
codicil to the agreement, under tbe 
terms of which the authorities 
agreed to drop the disciplinary 
proceedings they had initiated 
against ten students who had been 
among those who recently pre- 
vented Mr Enoch Powell from 
completing a speech. 

Presumably the Cardiff authori- 
ties hope that their agreement will, 
when the legislation is finally 
made law, enable them to ignore 
it; I trust that they will be rapidly 
disillusioned. But tbe grotesque 
nature of their surrender may 
have obscured the dishonesty that 
lies at its root They claim that the 
agreement ensures a double free- 


dom of speech; the right for a 
speaker to give his views and the 
“equally important" right for 
those who disagree to express their 

those who disagree to express their 

Now leave aside what will 
happen in practice, which is that 
no unapproved speaker will be 
heard over the “official chanting”. 
In what way is there equality of 
free speech when a speaker is 
trying to give his views and a 
section of the audience is licensed 
to shout him down? The right of 
. the students to “express opposing 
views" su&ests, and is plainly 
meant to suggest, that a debate or a 
discussion is envisaged; the 
“controversial” speaker puts his 
case, and someone else puts the 
contrary argument But that is not 
at all what has been agreed “To 
express opposing views" means, 
under tbe terms of the Cardiff 
agreement, the right of the stu- 
dents to shout abuse (“Racist! 
Racist! Sexist! Sexist!”) in unison, 
until the speaker, wearying of the 
unequal struggle, abandons his 

That is what is liable to happen 
as things are; but what the Cardiff 
agreement does is to make certain 
that it will happen, with the 
approval and support of the 
authorities. We are accustomed. 

"by now, to those who preach an 
equality between the fife brigade 
and the arsonist; Cardiff has gone 
a step further and now insists that 
the fire brigade's hoses should 
squirt petrol rather than water. 

The tolerance of views we 
disagree with used to be the chief 
characteristic of civilized dis- 
course. In a sense, it still is, though 
since civilized discourse has prac- 
tically vanished there is now little 
scope for its exercise. The rise of 
the groupuscules of tbe fascist left, 
with their unshakeable conviction 
that no opposite views may be 
expressed, did not at first matter 
very much; but when the fascist 
left began to captore local authori- 
ties, and put their in tolerance into 
practice, anyone who cared for 
freedom had cause for alarm, and 
when, soon afterwards, the sam e 
enemies of freedom gained a 
bridgehead in Parliament (now 
certain to be hugely expanded 
after the next election, whoever 
wins it) the alarm was even more 
urgently justified 
Yet those who, like me, were 
brought up in a different tradition 
believed that some pillars of the , 
open society would never fall, and 
that among these would be, sec- 
ond only to the law, our univer- 
sities. We should have known 
better, and when the University of 
Oxford refused to give Mrs 
Thatcher the customary honorary 
degree (largely because she hadn’t 
given it a big enough monetary 
bribe) we did know better, though 
in truth the evidence by then was 
extensive and undeniable. 

That evidence showed that in 
any struggle which required cour- 
age the universities would be 
found to practice cowardice; that 
in any call to them to defend 
freedom they would bow to 
freedom's enemies; and that when 
there was a challenge to the very 
nature and essence ofa university 
as a place where all views, all 
theories, all beliefs could meet and 
be heard, they would run away 
from the challenge. 

But surely not even tbe most 
cynical observer of our univer- 
sities believed that they would run 
as far as Cardiff now has. To 
ignore intolerance is one thing; to 
legislate it into the statutes is 
another. To ignore the cries for 
help uttered by freedom under 
assault is shameful; to rush to 
freedom's side and help to be- 
labour her is more so. And to leave 
a bully to his bullying is bad 
enough; to proclaim the bully's 
“equally important rights" is tbe 
very worst. 

It is not yet dear exactly what 
form the forthcoming "free 
speech” legislation mil take. In 
particular, it is not laid down what 
means of enforcement the law will 
have against universities which 
fail in their new legal duty, and 
what penalties are envisaged. I can 
suggest an obvious remedy; let any 
university which is guilty under 
the proposed law lose its grant. 
For even Cardiff; I imagine, would 
be willing to defend free speech if 
failing to do so would entail a 
threat to its income. j 

(STtaMM Newspaper*, T96S. 

TtVp Aids, homelessness in 
London can only get worse. Even 
if government policy changed 
tomorrow and money for house 
building flooded into the inner 
city, the number of homeless 
would still increase before it fell: 
homes are not built overnight. 

Nationally, the number of 
homeless families with dependent 
children has risen from 53,000 in 
1978 to 94, 000 in 1985. Half are in 
London, and the number in 
London alone is expected to 
double by next March. 

Tbe reasons go back to the late 
1970s when the GLC stopped 
building council estates in outer 

London and the new towns; many, 
across the political spectrum, 
cheered at the time, believing that 
the drain of the young and 
vigorous had gone on long 
enough- All might have been well 
if fffumrii house building in inner 
London had continued, but it too 
began to grind to a halt. Since 1 979 
the housing capital programme 
has been cut from £1,493 million a 
year to £432 million. 

Home ownership has of course 
grown prodigiously in the same 
period, but house prices anywhere 
within reach of London are now 

London boroughs but also by 
those further out as the only 
available accommodation for 
families who find themselves on 
the pavement clutching suitcases 
and carrier bags and the hands of 

frightened children. 

These hotels are in varying 
states of cleanliness and safety - 
but ail are overcrowded. One 
famil y to a room is the rule. It 
costs the local council around 
£12,000 a year per family; money 
which all the inner city councils, 
Conservative and Labour alike, 
have pleaded with central govern- 
ment to be allowed to spend on 
building or buying property in- 
stead — so far to no avail. 

Others have written on the 
misery of the “bed and breakfast" 
existence, and it is probably hard 
for those of us not condemned to it 
to imagine it; claustrophobic quar- 
ters, nowhere for children to play, 
no proper cooking facilities, and 
no due usually as to how long this 
purgatory is going to last — a sort 
of interminable impermanence, 
lasting anything from a month to 
two years. Many, perhaps a major- 
ity, of tbe children are not 
receiving any education. They 
may be too far from their previous 
schools to continue attending 
there; and their parents, hoping 
every day to be rehoused in 
another area, may not get around 
to registering them temporarily at* 
a nearby school 
Even if they try, they are more 
than likely to find the school full 
“Falling rolls" in this area are a 
thing of the past; schools consid- 
ered for closure only a few years 
ago are now bursting at tbe seams 
— but with a turnover of over 100 
per cent a year. 

If these thousands of families 
had been rendered homeless .by 
some natural catastrophe — a 
flood or earthquake, say — we 
would treat them differently. We 
would engage volunteers to teach 
the children, advise the parents, 
chase up the local authorities, 
organize trips and parties. There 
would be features on television, 
fundraising activities. But be- 
cause it has happened as a result of 
deliberate policy, people's shame 
and anger is directed into other . 
channels. They want to wipe out * 
tiie outrage by political force 
rather than ameliorate its effects. 

In any case, homeless families at 
least have a roof over their brads. 
Outside the protection of the 
Homeless Persons Act are those 
without dependent children. Sin- 
gle people, including those dis- 
charged from Jong-stay mental 
institutions and teenagers ru nning 
away from home, are sleeping 
rough in paries, under bridges and 
in old cars. 

In parts of central London today 
you can see homeless families 
spinning out the hours window- 
shopping for £500 Christmas toys. 
Rolls Royces are parked outside 
expensive bistros while old men 
wrapped in newspapers settle 
down for the night in an alleyway 
only yards away. As much as it has 
ever been, London is a city of 
Dickensian contrasts. 

The author is a member of t he SDP 
national committee. 

well beyond the reach of a good 
half of the population. Rotted 
property likewise is scarce and 
expensive. Landlords blame tbe 
Rent Acts, but even without that 
disincenlive it is much more 
profitable to sell and re-invest. 

Meanwhile there are no fewer 

than 130,000 empty properties in 
London. “Bureaucratic inefficien- 

cy,” shout the Conservatives, 
pointing at the one third of empty 
council homes. Certainly alloca- 
tion procedures are inordinately 
cumbersome, with homes being 
shown to one tenant at a time, and 
with a gap between offers. Any 
councillor in London can tefl of 
complaints by angry constituents 
that perfectly good flats and 
houses are left vacant fra months. 

The London Housing Unit (a 
“son-of-GLC" outfit still operat- 
ing from County Hall) blames 
private sector vacancies on 
“speculators waiting to cash in on 
the London property price cas- 
ino”. There are certainly plenty of 
them — bat there is also a very 
large turnover of ordinary people 
buying, selling and renovating. 
Few skies occur without some 
period of vacancy. 

A combination of factors — 
government policy, local authority 
practice, and market forces — 
therefore add up to a serious 
problem. In addition there has 
been the pressure brought about 
by the Homeless Persons Act 
itself This humane measure, bora 
out of die public outcry that 
followed tbe television docu- 
mentary Cathy Come Home 20 
years ago, has concentrated the 
duty of housing the homeless on 
those central London areas that 
have always attracted the search- 
ers after jobs, a new life, anonym- 
ity or refoge. 

In a small area between 
Paddington and King's Goss are 
most of the capital's bed and 
breakfast hotels. These are now 
used not only by tbe central 

Edward Lucie-Smith 

The Goyas of 

Yesterday’s man dreaming of tomorrow 

TVe got a new sparring 
partner for yon. Rocky. He 
works for Lord Rothschild’ 


Diplomatic relations lost their 
familiar cosy quality last week for 
Claire Enders, daughter of the US 
ambassador to Spain and hi gh 
flying executive. Travelling on 
business from Brussels to Paris, 
she was taken off the train by 
French frontier guards who found 
that her visa had expired. Told 
that she was to be taken to prison, 
and then deported under new 
regulations designed to keep ter- 
rorists out of France, she ha- 
rangued the officials so mercilessly 
in her fluent and colloquial French 
that they finally let her go. 


Up a hill, past the Soviet war 
cemetery and in the greenest part 
of grey Katowice, stands, well 
concealed from the road, a large 
flat-topped villa housing a man 
who does not exist Edward 
Gierek, Poland's once powerful 
Communist Party leader, for tbe 
past six years in disgrace. 

For a non-person, a man wiped 
off the party records, he has a 
bulky, obtrusive presence. As he 
walks his dog, the locals nod 

respectfully, the younger shout out 
cheekily: "Hey, Gierek”. It is clear 
that at least Katowice, the place of 
his discreet exile, still likes him 

“I can’t talk to you about the 
Seventies,” says Gierek, in an 
open necked shirt, yellow teeth 
fla s h in g in healthy bearish fea- 
tures. “Not yet. Not this year." He 
is waiting, one gathers, for 
ehabilitation. O early tbe de- 
cision to remain silent on his 
decade as Poland’s leader is that of 
the authorities, not his own. 
“Come back, Eddy, all is forgiven" 
urns the graffito scrawled on walls 
after martial law was declared five 
years ago this month. But of 
course, all is not forgiven, not yet. 

There is an iron rule of prag- 
matic socialism: that which 
embarrasses must disappear, and 
that which disappears quickly 
never existed at aH Five years ago, 
in obedience to this unwritten 
code, Gierek disappeared. Fra the 
whole of the 1970s, the gruff 
voiced former coal miner with a 
penchant for vivid ties was part of 
the East-West tableau, a 
detente man like Helmut Schmidt 


Somerset Cricket Club is always 
good for a laugh. In his new 
history of the club, David Foot 
tells some amusing tales about the- 
eccentric Sydney Rippon, father of 
Tory MP Geoffrey. On one occa- 
sion he joined the team under an- 
assumed name (his grandmoth- 
er’s) as he was officially on sick 
leave from his job at the Inland 


(who dropped in on him the other 
day), Valery Giscard d’Estaing 
and, for that matter, Leonid 
Brezhnev. Western credit became 
the ofl of detente and it flowed 
virtually unchecked into Poland, 
allowing Gierek to avoid awkward 
decisions about re fo rm, to sub- 
sidize prices, to import consumer 
delicacies for ordinary Poles, to 
start, though not complete, the 
modernization of industry. 

In passing, this flow of dollars 
and marks also featherbedded 
countless party and state officials 
who, in the spirit of the age, built 
Swedish saunas, Austrian chande- 
liers, West German wallpaper and 
Italian marble into their gen- 
erously proportioned villas. 

After the Solidarity strikes of 
1980, Gierek fell and fra the 16 
months of the union’s legal exis- 
tence he became the whipping boy 
of the nation (though not of 
Katowice, which remained quietly 
loyal to its local hero). Every 
economic crime had been 
committed under the cover of the 
party leadership and so, in the 
popular consciousness, Gierek 
was responsible for everything. 

After the military crackdown of 
December 1981, Gierek was 
briefly interned, along with more 
than 5,000 Solidarity members 
and sympathizers. And his 
vanished. Not a scapegoat any 
more, but neither was he the 
erstwhile champion of detente. 
Today he simply does not exist 

His name is not on the gatepost 
of his villa. Bat everyone (mows 
where he lives. Press the befl and 
the entry-phone crackles with the 

voice of his wife Stanislawa. 
Podgy, greying, homely, her lade 
of glamour was regarded as mildly 
comical during the Gierek reign. 
Now it seems just right 
She makes cheesecake which 
she serves happily to guests. No 
servants are to be seen, though 
somebody must presumably look 
after the gardens and the green- 
house. According to the charges in 
the Solidarity era, the money for 
the greenhouse and the house was 
diverted from state companies. 

Whatever tire truth — for Gierek 
has never faced a trial — the villa 
now belongs to the city of Kato- 
wice and the man who maria this 
grubby coal mining and steel 
centre into Poland’s second cap- 
ital lives there as a tenant. 

Gierek, at 73, is determined to 
win back his laurels, and fra that 
discretion is essential. “I'm writ- 
ing all the time of course,” he says, 
“for myself you understand, not 
for publication. No, you couldn’t 
call them memoirs exactly. I'm 
too young Cor that." 

According to his friends he feels 
that he has been manipulated, that 
his reputation and authority was 
muddied fra political purposes, 
that mistakes marie riimng his 
regime were exaggerated and that, 
broadly speaking, he was not 
responsible for them. As was clear 
from his secret testimony before a 
party investigating committee, he 
believes his basic policies were 

So can Gierek be rehabilitated? 
Solidarity still does not rhinV 
much of him but it remembers 
that there were almost no political 

prisoners in his time. Workers 
were being abused, police were 
given new powers, censorship was 
strict, but there were cracks that 
allowed an opposition movement 
to grow. 

Katowice, though, is unambigu- 
ous in its support The Warsaw- 
Katowice highway, the lavish 
facilities of foe Silesian Univer- 
sity, foe sports stadium, the 
concert hall — all this and more 
came about because of Gierek 

Gradually, as the present leader- 
ship defines economic reform in 
increasingly narrow terms, it is 
evident that the gap between their 
poliries and Gierek’s is not so 
wide. Some of the fundamental 
aims — to upgrade the steel 
industry (starting, of course, in 
Katowice), to boost engineering 
exports, to spur trade with the 
West — are identical 

The prime minister, Zbigniew 
Messner, is a Katowice man and a 
sprinkling of those in power, 
including General Jaruzelski, rose 
or established themselves during 
foe Gierek era. 

V 1 ? Preset Policy, following a 
P^tiral . amnesty, is to offer 

XI and that, mn nlmtinn tn all thiw 

conciliation to all those formerly 
in opposition who want to work 
for the good of the country. But 
somehow this outstretched hand, 
as it is portrayed in speech after 
speech, does not seem to extend to 
Gierek. He stays in a form of 
internal exile, a man without a 

Roger Boyes 

The award of tbe £10,000 Turner 
Prize to Gilbert and George, the 
self-prodaimed “living sculptors" 
and makers of giant photopieces, 
has upset many in foe British art 
world who retain strong traces of 
Victorian prudery and hypocrisy. 

There are two reasons fra the 
ruckus. One is that the Turner 
Prize, daring its brief life, has 
become a profoundly unpopular 
institution — a symbol of 
establishment elitism and of a 
determination to impose a 
particular definition of ait on a 
rightly sceptical public. Every year 
foe shortlist has been a roster of 
coltish avant-garde heroes, and 
the very first choice seemed to be a 
defiant assertion of the way that 
successive juries, themselves 
drawn from a very narrow and 
unrepresentative group, meant to 
go on. Tbe prize then went to 
Malcolm Moriey, an English jail 
bird who had spent his entire 
painting career in America and 
whose only contribution to British 
art was that he was born here. 

Worse still, there has been an 
increasing element of Huggins's 
turn in tbe award of prizes. 
Howard Hodgkin, die second 
winner, was first nominated in 
Motley’s year and Gilbert and 
George were on the shortlist when 
Hodgkin was chosen last 
The' second reason for the 
uproar is the personality of the 
prize-winners — two individuals 
working as a single artistic entity. 
The _ fact that their work is 
consistently autobiographical 
tends to turn any criticism of it 
into an attack on personal charac- 
ter — art, in this case, being 
inseparable from life and life-style. 

1 can remember Gilbert and 
George at the start of their c areer s 
— tbe “postal sculptures", usually 
embossed cards in Thirties style, 
which came pattering uninvited 
through one’s tetter box; foe 
perfor m a n ces mimed to a record 
of Flanagan and Allen's Under- 
neath foe Arches; later, the video 
showing them leaping endlessly in 
and out of a bush and foe 
hideously ugly ashtray from 
a half-melted gin bottle. Harmless 
follies of this sort were common in 
foe avante-garde art world in the 
1960s and ’70s. 

Gilbert and George’s main 
achievement, however, is to be- 

found in their laige photopieces. It 
was for these that they got their 
prize, and the subject matter— foe 
allusions to homosexuality, foe 
reproductions of obscene graffiti, 
the hints of neo-fascism, foe 
apparent celebration of tramps 
and hooligans, the flirtation with 
blasphemy — is dearly foe major 
cause of offence to foe critics.—; 
These images may also have been 
the very things w hich certified 
their avant-garde status for a 
shallow-minded jury, and in any 
case are not unique to Gilbert and 

Homosexual themes are prom- 
inent in the art of Britain’s two 
best living painters, Francis Bacon 
and David Hockney, and Bacon's 
work has, in addition, a good deal 
of sado-masochism and a number 
of allusions to drug-taking. The 
chief difference is that Gilbert and 
George supply their imagery 
within a social context — the 
photopieces offer a vision of 
modern England, or at least 
certain aspects of it, mostly drawn . 
from foe artists’ immediately 
surroundings of Spitalfields in 
London's East End. 

Gilbert and George have 
evolved a way of making photo- 
graphically derived images look 
tike stained glass. Most of their 
photopices are a grid of framed 
squares, neatly fitted together, the 
i m a g es dyed in primary colours, 
often surrounded by heavy blade 
outlines. The designs in which I at 
any rate sense a great accumula- 
tion of anger and bitter criticism 
of what our country hat maria of 
itself could be adornments for 
some satanic temple. They pose 
many questions about foe nature 
of the society we live in. 

To criticize the contemporary 
world in rage and sorrow is, I 
think, undoubtedly one of the 

higher functions ofarL Goya did it 

too, in his etchings of The 
Disasters of War. In these he 
shows us rapes, an impalement 
and a castration — worse things 
than Gilbert and George have yet 
attempted. He was justified in so 
doing because such things did 
happen in Spain in Goya's time. 

Like Goya, Gilbert and George 
t urn contemporary reality into a 
forceful, if horrific, metaphor. 
Their critics should withdraw 
their heads from the 

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old Sait-2 treaty is altogether 
less momentous than the 
weekend’s criticism ha^ sug- 
ssststi. It has not made 
I- Armageddon seem much more 
-immixzem. Indeed, surprise is 
due not for the feet that the 
United States has chosen to 
breach Salt-2, but for the feet 

treaty. It claims that the SS-25 
was not a new missile but a 
replacement for the elderly SS- 
13, and it excuses its encoding 
of test data on the basis of 
some imprecise legal drafting 
in the treaty. 

At worst, these actions do 
indeed seriously violate Salt-2, 

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j no « done 80 before, at best they suggest that the 
President Reagan has long Soviet side has lived by the 
been a trenchant critic of the letter of the agreement rather 
unr® tinea treaty. He con- than by its spirit. But this 

demned it as “fatally flawed" . softer intepretation would 
and fought it all the way to the mean in turn that the formula- 

white House. In office, he has tion of Salt-2 was deficient and 

remained a non-believer the treatv itself nnmfnrraaHio. 

- remained a non-believer. 
. Some 18 months a gn he an- 
: nounced that the United States 

would continue to observe it — 
i but only after some equivoca- 
> tion. 

In May this year when the 
seventh Trident submarine en- 
i tered service, he stayed within 

- the limits of Salt-2 by ordering 
that two Poseidon boats 
should be scrapped to make 

^ way- for iL But they were old 

- boats anyway, in need of costly 
L re-fitting and maintenance, 
.and the announcement was 
1 .accompanied by an ultimatum 
■ which suggested that the end of 

Salt was nigh. 

! President Reagan’s argu- 
1 ment as indeed the argument 
, of most critics of Salt-2, was 
: first that the treaty favoured 
the Soviet Union, and second 
that even with this weighting 
in its favour, the Soviet Union 
had been guilty of consistent 
; violations. A report by the 
American Arms Control and 
Disarmament Agency last 
. spring pointed to seven areas 
of weapon development in 
which Moscow had allegedly 
shown scant respect for Salt-2. 

The two most serious 
' charges were that by deploying 
: the new SS-25 ICBM as well as 
the SS-24, the Russians had 
.developed two new systems 
instead of the one permitted; 

; and that by encrypting their 
missile test telemetry they had 
tried to deceive US momtor- 

tion of Salt-2 was deficient and 
the treaty itself unenforceable. 

It was against the back- 
ground of repeated accusations 
that the Soviet side was cheat- 
ing that President Reagan 
issued his ultimatum to Mos- 
cow in May. Unless Soviet 
violations stopped, he said 
then, Washington would stop 
observing it Six months later, 
the United States has done just 
that - by deploying the 131st 
B-52 bomber with nuclear 
cruise missiles on board. 

Soviet reaction to the US 
announcement has so far been 
muted, which may have some- 
thing to do with the feet that 
Mr Gorbachov was in India at 
the time. Yet a Soviet 
announcement that it too was 
preparing to breach the treaty 
might have been expected. The 
Soviet leadership might also 
have taken the opportunity to 
announce an end to its mora- 
torium on nuclear testing. 
Instead, despite much huffing 
and puffing, there has been 
only the threat of unspecified 

The Soviet Union could 
retaliate by increasing, the 
number of its land-based 
ICBM warheads, but there are 
practical limits to doing this. 
Mr Gorbachov has repeatedly 
intimated that he sees his 
priority as reviving his 
country’s duggjsh economy. 
And even if the Soviet side had 
not been given the excuse of 
President Reagan’s announce- 
ment to break out of Salt-2, it 


• In 1963 Sir Edward Boyle, 
-■ then Education Secretary, re- 
-fused to accept the recom- 

mendations of the Burnham 

- Committee on teachers' pay 
and imposed his own settle- 

c menu The sticking point was 
the structure of the pay scale 
ly-and the need to improve 
‘ incentives. Plus qa change... 
Sir Edward’s present-day 
successor, Mr Kenneth Baker, 
has found himself confronted 
by very similar problems. But 
he has gone one further than 
Sir Edward. Whereas collec- 
tive bargaining was restored in 
1965, Mr Baker’s Bill pub- 
lished at the end of last week 
abolishes the Burnham Com- 

- mittee structure altogether. 

- “Burnham scale" — the sup- 
; port of generations of teachers 
' since 1919 — will soon be only 
. a memory. 

- Both the teachers' unions 
. and the local authority 
: employers have protested 

‘r strongly at the assassination of 

- Burnham. But the Burnham 
' system was inherently un- 
: satisfactory; it was a com- 
i promise reflecting the 

constitutional anomaly under 

- which the Secretary of State for 
c Education has all the res- 
’ ponsibility for what goes on in 

our schools and none of the 
: power. 

The Burnham Committee as 
tit was reconstituted after the 

• Bovle interregnum is a group 
:• of ’50 members representing 

employers and teachers. The 

■ r * _ _ .1 .lrt.iarc’ cirff* 

comprise 25 from the local 
authorities and just two from 
the Department of Education. 
The Education Secretary had 
no formal power beyond this, 
but under an informal concor- 
dat the government was 
granted a veto (on grounds of 
cost) and a block vote broadly 
equivalent to the proportion of 
teachers’ salaries financed by 
the taxpayer through the rates 
support grant 

Once this gentleman's agree- 
ment had been unilaterally 
abandoned by the unions last 
year the one thing which held 
the creaking structure of 
Burnham together ceased to 
exist The idea that the tax- 
payer should be expected to 
pick up the tab for a large 
proportion of whatever pay 
increase the local authorities 
and teaching unions agreed 
could not survive the realities 
of public expenditure control 
very long. 

The new Bill proposes to 
replace Burnham with an ad- 
visory committee whose mem- 
bers will be appointed by the 
Education Secretary. The new 
committee will advise on both 
pay and conditions. Con- 
ditions of employment will be 
incorporated into teachers’ 
contracts. When the Education 
Secretary has received the 
committee’s report he will 
consult the local authority 
employers and the unions and 
then make provision for pay 
levels by order, subject to 
parliamentary procedures. 

■ 27 seats on the employers’ side parliamentary procedures. « 


The proposals in the Bill are 1 
explicitly intended to be tern- | 
porary. They expire in 1990 \ 
and thereafter have to be | 
renewed annually. This may | 
be as well. The history of 
advisory committees on pay is 
not a happy one. No matter 
how carefully the Education 
Secretary chooses his “wise 
men” he is likely to find that 
the Committee wants to award 
the teachers more than the 
government wishes to pay 

The immediate derisions 
are now firmly in the court of 
local authority employers and 
trade unions. Mr Baker has 
made it dear that he is not 
prepared to accept the pay 
structure worked out by the 
employers and unions. Nor 
will he accept the additional 
£70^£80-millioa cost on top of 
the £6 00- million the govern- 
ment has already agreed. 
While the employers may be ■ 
willing to move closer to the 
government's position, the 
National Union of Teachers 
has already endorsed the alter- 
native package which it is 
putting to its members. 

It would be understandable 
if NUT members felt tempted, 
despite the considerable gains 
they have already made, to 
indulge in a macho display of 
confrontation with the govern- 
ment. They should reflect, 
however, that they are likely 
only to antagonize parents 
further, while not in the end 
achieving their objectives. 

- receiving “''****■ — --- 

: performance in the Sydney 

* courtroom, but one credit that 
1 seems, undeservedly, to be 
: sticking to him is °* 
. having invented the phrare 

* “economical with the tiuth . 

- Some have suggested that he 
? will be remembered in ywrsto 

come as the author of this 
immortal phrase, if for nothing 
" else. His authorship of it has 

been generally accepted, and 

. perhaps he has been too 
; preoccupied to disclaim it. 

* On Friday a rival claim was 
made on behalf of CP- Scott, 
as reported by 

: Muggeridgfi. But we , ntigh 
assume that C.P. Scott, hkc Sir 

- Robert, would have tawmfte 

* true source, and would have 

; used it in the confidence that 

others would know it and so 
| not suspect him ofplagtenwm 
The phrase has, in fact, been 
‘.in circulation for n^rly -°0 
years, and was corned by a 

greater man than Sir Robert 
Armstrong or even CP. Scott 
In the first of his letters to a fel- 
low MP, dating from 1796-7 
and published under the title 
Letters on a Regicide Peace, 
Edmund Burke writes: 

“Falsehood and delusion are 
allowed in no case whatever 
but, as in the exercise of afl 
virtues, there is an economy of 
truth. It is a sort of tem- 
perance, by which a man 
speaks truth with measure, 
that he may speak it the 

A little earlier in the same 
letter he defines his attitude 
towards official secrecy and 
freedom of infonnatfon w 
terms that are as valid in our 

own day as in his: , 

•‘I admit that reason of state 

will not, in may “J™; 
stances, permit the disetosg® 
of the true ground of a pubhc 
proceeding. In that, case, alence 
is manly, and it is wise. .1 
take the distinction to be uuk 
the ground of a particular 
measure making part of ’& pla 11 

it is rarely proper to divulge; 
all the broader grounds of 
policy, on which the general 
plan is to be adopted, ought as 
rarely to be concealed”. 

In other words, it is right to 
debate publicly whether or not 
a secret service is desirable and 1 
(granted its desirability) the 
limits within which it should 
work. But it is not right that its 
detailed woriongs should be 
revealed, least of all by former 
members of it who have sworn 
eternal secrecy. 

Unfortunately for Sir Rob- 
ert, the principle of economy 
of truth, so appropriate to 
statesmanship, is not appro- 
priate to giving evidence in a 
British (or British-derived) 
court of law, where “the whole 
truth” is meant to be told. He 
is guilty of having said the 
right thing in the wroDg place; 
also of having slightly mis- 
quoted Burke’s phrase, and 
perhaps of having failed to 
correct its false attribution. 

Forgiveness and Moors murderers 

is hard to see how observance 
of the treaty has restrained 
Moscow from massive expan- 
sion of its nuclear stockpiles. 
These are already so surplus to 
requirements that there would 
be no strategic advantage in 
adding to them. 

Supporters of Salt-2 argue 
that the treaty, whether it was 
strictly observed or not, gave 
the superpowers parameters 
within which to work and laid 
down rules which have — 
more or less - been kept But 
“more or less" is a telling 
phrase. So long as one side, the 
Soviet side, was observing the 
rules less, the working of the 
treaty was unbalanced. There 
was no treaty as that word is 
commonly understood, 
merely an understanding. 

Now that understanding has 
come to an end. The end of the 
illusion, may, however, mark 
the beginning of greater re- 
alism - and greater opportu- 
nities. The latest generation of 
arms talks, overlaid by the top- 
table diplomacy of Reagan and 
Gorbachov, Shevardnadze 
and Shultz, has produced pro- 
posals which would go much 
further than Salt-2 by halving 
the totals of superpower war- 
heads and withdrawing them 
all from Europe. There is no 
sign that such radical pro- 
posals will be accepted. Rather 
they illustrate that Salt-2 has 
not only outlived its useful- 
ness, but become largely iirele- ; 

President Reagan's 
abandonment of Salt-2 marks 1 
the end of the- Salt process 
which began with the opening I 
of Salt-1 under Henry Kis- I 
singer’s aegis 17 years ago. It 
also marks the formal end of 
detente. But detente, like Salt, 
was a product of its time. In 
the 1 960s, with the nuclear age 
newly arrived and the cold war 
a recent memory, both East 
and West needed the reassur- 
ance of a formal framework 
within which to conduct their 
relations. If that framework is 
now understood, the Salt trea- 
ties have served their purpmse. 
It is now time for something 

From die Rev Dr W. J. Morris 
Sir, Your leader last Saturday 
(November 22), entitled “Crime 
and punishment" raises several 
points of interest. 

Perhaps most crucial of these 
fer Christians is to determine how 
they should wish to treat a person 
who, having been convicted of a 
crime of violence and having 
repented, has in their belief been 
forgiven by God. 

The article states that Myra 
Hindley should remain m prison 
even if she has genuinely repented 
and that this is not to renise to 
forgive her but to recognise that 
she has rightly forfeited her free- 

Hie General Assembly of The 
Church of Scotland in 1984 was 
faced with a request front two men 
to be ordained as ministers of the 
Gospel within the Church-One 
was, and win always be, on life 
licence for the murder of his 
mother. The other had been 
convicted of embezzlement Both 
had served periods of imprison- 

In view of claims on their behalf 
that they had repented, the Gen- 
eral Assembly did not doubt that 
God had forgiven them, or deny 
them the forgiveness of the 

The question which divided the 
Assembly was: does forgiveness in 
wiping out £uilt and alienation 
give foe forgiven person foe right 
to serve foe Cbnrch in any 
capacity, no matter what he has 

The General Assembly an- 
swered in foe affirmative. The two 
men have been ordained and none 

Patent protection 

From the Chairman cf Imperial 
Chemical Industries Pic 
Sir, Sir Graham Wflldns (Novem- 
ber 26) is absolutely right to draw 
attention to foe serious con- 
sequences of not repealing foe 
licence of right transitional pro- 
vision of the 1977 Patent Acl This 
is a unique UK anomaly and is 
already be ginning to cause damage 
to innovative industry — damage 
that foe UK can ill afford because 
we must seek ma ximum benefit 
from our native inventiveness. 

In ICI we have a series of 
notable pharmaceutical discov- 
eries to our credit, and we are 
proud to be major contributors to 
the enviable record of innovation 
and export performance of foe UK 
pharmaceutical industry over foe 
past 20 years. For example, the 
industry contributed a positive 

Amphibious defence 

From Mr D. R. Robertson 
Sir, Lord Watldnson (November 
14) complains of the lack of 
capacity to mount an amphibious 
operation and declares his det- 
ermination that we should learn 
the military lessons of Suez and 
foe Falklands. 

It is a feet, however, that after 
all foe years that have passed since 
a hovercraft was invented by Sir 
Christopher Cockerell we saw on 
television pictures of our armed 

forces in the Falklands war wading 

ashore and rowing a landing craft 
with thrir burning transport vessel 
in foe background. Our mobile 
defence forces still do not have a 
truly amphibious vehicle with all 
its tactical advantages, but rely on 
rubber boats and landing barges. 

Those of us who have 

The Queen’s victim 

From Mr W. M. Auld 
Sir, Your correspondent, Mr 
Nicolas BeDoni (November 20), 
enquires about the Lake Tangan- 
yika steamer the ts. Uemba. A 
month ago I was chatting to my 
old friend foe present Chief Justice 
of Zambia, himself an Abercora, 
or Mbala, man. He assured me 
that the Uemba is still plying 
between Mbala and Kigoma and is 
now “much improved”. 

Interestingly, when she was 
sculped foe Germans, or “Jrily- 
mannies”, as they are still called in 
that part of the world, with their 
usual thoroughness, had foe en- 
gines well greased. After foe 
British had refloated her all she 
needed was a new Motherwell 

Yours sincerely, 

W. M. AULD, 

2 Elm Park Gardens, 

Chelsea, SW10. 

November 20. 

From Mr A, D. H. Zeishman 
Sir, Lest your readers might 
imagine that foe Uemba be the 
oldest operating steamer on the 
African great lakes, that honour 

Mother’s pride 

From Mrs Susan J. Hyde 
Sir, Like others of your correspon- 
dents, I encounter difficulties 
when giving my occupation on 
official forms. In a recent state- 
ment to foe police I gave it as 
“mother”. This reply was dearly 
outside the young constable's 
experience, but he quickly re- 
gained his composure and was 
eager to write “housewife”. We 
settled eventually for an innocu- 
ous “part-time secretary”. 

As a widow with four young 
children, I am married neither to 
man nor to bouse, but to the 
emotional and material support of 
my family. Circumstances pre- 
scribe that, in my attempt to be 
both mother and rather, I exercise 
wide-ranging skills — skills for 
which,' in large part, 2 have 
received no training. 

Is the full-time job of being a 
angle parent such a phenomenon 
that it cannot achieve official 
recognition as an occupation? 
Yours faithfully, 

S. J. HYDE, 

1 Oddfellows Terrace, 

North Church Street, 

Bakeweil Derbyshire. ■ 

November 19. 

of us would wish anything other 
than that their ministries be 

Nevertheless, the Church had 
been faced, perhaps for the first 
time, with foe practical dilemma 
of the extent to which belief in 
forgiveness should qualify our 
practical decisions. Christians in 
society have to make a less 
pressing decision about someone 
like Myra Hindley. 

In 1984 the story Jesus told 
about foe return and reinstate- 
ment of foe prodigal son was 
much in our minds. Less prom- 
inently, but not entirely forgotten, 

were these words of a theologian, 
H. R- Mackintosh, first published 
sixty years ago: 

There are secondary consequences 
of sin which at least in many 
instances are not directly removed 
by pardon ... If in youth we waste 
our powers, if we yield habitually to 
deceit, if we soil foe innocence of 
others or despise their affection, 
then, whatever God’s later mercy 
may bestow, these things have left 
deep marks, not wholly to be 
obliterated, on thought and habit, on 
preferences and delights. There axe 
kinds of service we might have 
rendered, which we now cannot 

Some of us, whichever view we 
supported, could not attain the 
certainty expressed in your leader. 
Perhaps your readers may shed 
more light on the problem of foe 
practical consequences of forgive- 

Yours faithfully, 


94 St Andrew’s Drive, 


November 25. 

balance of payments of over 
£800million in 1985 and provides 
many jobs. 

The effect of foe present anom- 
aly is to put us at a considerable 
disadvantage compared with com- 
petitors in Europe, Japan and the 
USA It is anyhow obviously 
foolish to curtail foe ability of 
successful innovators when there 
is a crying need for research on 
new drugs for conditions such as 
cancer, senile dementia, arthritis 
and Aids. 

Despite foe pressure on par- 
liamentary time, I hope (hat a 
means will be found very soon for 
repealing this damag in g pro- 

Yours sincerely, 


Imperial Chemical Industries Pic, 

November 26. 

endeavoured to prove the cap- 
abilities of this British invention 
and thus extend our maritime 
tradition into shallow and debris- 
laden waters have been con- 
fronted, bat not frustrated, by foe 
Government’s policy of foe 
“terminal grant” (the award of a 
final payment to replace regular 
. grants). 

This means no money for 
research or even for any expen- 
diture on craft for the coastal 
forces such as Customs, police or 
hydrographic survey work in shal- 
low waters and estuaries round 
oar coast. Our mobile seaborne 
defence role is still sadly deficient. 
Yours faithfully, 



Foreland Road, 

Be inbridge, 

Isle of Wight 

belongs to foe old mission 
steamer, Chauncy Maples. She 
was launched on Nyasa to the 
south in 1901, was extensively 
modernised in foe 1960s by 
Malawi Railways, such that only 
her hull was then recognisable, 
and still connects foe villages at 
foe southern end of Nyasa. 

Both steamers bear testimony to 
Mr BellortTs point about foe 
almost rustproof qualities of the 
pure waters of the two Rift Valley 

Service and appointment on 
board Liemba tend to reflect the 
prevailing dire economic circum- 
stances of Tanzania at the mo- 
ment — Liemba is not run 
primarily for tourist purposes — 
but for those who wish to savour 
another Africa, away from the 
hectic modernity of international 
airports and five-star hotels, a 
voyage on foe African Queen's 
Great War tauget is a memorable 

I am, Sir, yours faithfully, 


75 King Street, 

Southwell, Nottinghamshire- 
November 22. 

Needles for addicts 

From Mr T. H. Hughes-Daries 
Sir, The argument for freely 
available needles is strong, but 
should they be free? A charge of £1 
each, with a refund of 75p when 
foe needle is returned to the 
chemist, might lessen the d anger 
from contaminated needles scat- 
tered about our parts, beaches and 

Yours sincerely, 


Slades Cottage, Breamore, 
Fordingbridge, Hampshire: 

Fruity plonk? 

From Mr l.H. Idghtman 
Sir, I give up! Your experts 
(November 22) -fruitily describe 
foe 1986 Beaujolais Nouveau 
thus; raspberry-bapanary, cherry- 
ade, bananary-fhiity, perfumed 
strawberry,' raspberry-redcurr- 
anty, plummier, zesty-lemony, 
cherry and banana, and sberfaetty. 

My own considered assessment 
is “thin red plonk". Could I have 
missed something? Or is it my 
“dumb nose”? 

Yours faithfully, 


6 Gos Coedydafem, 

Lisvane, Cardiff. 

Climate where 
arts can thrive 

From Mr Gerald F. Bowden, MP 
jbr Dulwich (Conservative) 

Sir, Extravagant language cannot 
disguise foe economy of truth in 
recent pronouncements by foe arts 
establishment. The doom-laden 
prophecy of Sir Claus Moser 
(report, November 1 2) that we are 
in danger of becoming a nation of 
Philistines cannot go unchall- 

On those rare occasions when I, 
from my taxed income, buy tickets 
for Covent Garden, 1 am delighted 
to meet there acquaintances 
whose seats have been paid for by 
corporate concerns. I am delighted 
because commerce is giving its 
financial support to the Royal 
Opera House. 

At foe same time, I am some- 
what chastened to think that aD of 
us who occupy those seats are 
subsidised to foe tune of some 
£21 . To put this subsidy into some 
perspective, a couple attending a 
performance at Covent Garden 
receive some £42 from the general 
taxpayer while an unemployed 
couple receive £47.85p per week in 
unemployment benefit This does 
not reflect the priorities of the 

This Government has consis- 
tently demonstrated its commit- 
ment to foe arts in many and 
various ways. Far from cutting 
Government grant to the arts, the 
budget for foe coming year pro- 
vides for an increase of some 5K 
per cent — a figure well in advance 
of foe anticipated rate of inflation. 

Since 1979 central Government 
expenditure on the arts will have 
increased by 28 per cent in real 
terms. Moreover, business spons- 
orship is being encouraged and it 
is estimated it will make a 
contribution of some £25miltion 
in foe coming year; and arrange- 
ments set out by foe Chancellor of 
the Exchequer in the 1986 Budget 
offer foe opportunity for wider 
financial support for the arts 
through charitable giving. 

Arts administrators may find it 
more convenient to receive their 
full financial support solely 
through a Government grant But 
such as approach has its dangers. 
The vigour and independence of 
artistic endeavour has stronger 
safeguards when its financial sup- 
port comes from a variety of 

This Government has not only 
increased direct donations to the 
aits, but has created a benign 
dimate enabling foe arts to receive 
support from many different 
directions. This is not foe 
philistine's approach, but an 
enlightened and innovative policy 
fof funding the arts in the future. 

Yours etc, 


House of Commons. 

November 24. 

English in schools 

From Miss Cecily Clark 
Sir, I cannot allow to pass un- 
questioned a recent assertion that 
teachin g English g rammar in 
schools is pointless (letter, 
November 22). Knowledge of 
grammar is not irrelevant to 
accurate self-expression. 

Writing lucid prose is a skill 
which rests — no less than do 
singing, dancing and violin-play- 
ing — upon technical competence; 
to suppose that it can be done 
without a firm grasp of grammar 
and of the connotations of words 
is like daiming that opera and 
ballet would be as well, or better, 
presented by untrained perform- 
ers than by trained ones. 

Grammatical exercises are not 
necessarily boring: in my 
schooldays I revelled in foe pars- 
ing of complex sentences, which 
(apart from allowing one swiftly 
and painlessly to amass examina- 
tion marks) satisfied innate de- 
sires for patterned structure. In 
their early stages, it is true, such 
studies offer limited scope for 
originality; but that applies to all 
basic disciplines, including anat- 
omy and arithmetic, neither of 
which is threatened with aboli- 

Yours faithfully, 


13 Church Street, 

Chesleron, Cambridge. 

November 25. 


From Mr Kenneth Simpson 
Sir, Some businesses, including 
public utilities, have in recent 
years shown somewhat unseemly 
haste in claiming payment from 
their customers, but at least they 
have rendered foe goods and 
services (except for fractions of 
equipment rentals) before the 

This morning, however, I re- 
ceived a buff envelope, franked in 
what might be called final notice 
red, containing a renewal invoice 
saying that my subscription to a 
monthly magazine will expire 
shortly, and that “to ensure an 
uninterrupted supply the publish- 
ers would appreciate a prompt 
response to this reminder.” 

My current subscription ends 
with foe February issue, a good 
two and a half months ahead, 
leaving three and a half months 
before I could benefit from re- 
newal. Is this prudent foresight or 
a new (to me) commercial try-on? 

My prompt response, apart 
from this letter, has been to send a 
cheque dated February 1. 

Yours faithfully, 


54 Plants Green, 



November 17. 

DECEMBER 1 1900 

Oscar WUde, bom in 1856, died in 
Paris on November 30. 1900. In 
May, 1895, having been found 
guilty of committing acts of 

gross indecency with another rnale 
person ~ ”, he was imprisoned 
with hart labour for two yean. On 
his release he was ostracized. Hie 
books end plays were withdrawn 
and he left Britain. Considering 
the moral climate of the period, 
the paper's obituary was generous 
and showed compassion. 


Dec. 1, 1900. 
A Reuter telegram from Paris 
states that OSCAR WILDE died 
there yesterday afternoon from 
meningitis. The melancholy end to 
a career which once promised so 
well is stated to have come in an 
obscure hotel of the Latin Quarter. 
Here the once brilliant man of 
letters was living, exiled from his 
country and from the society of his 
countrymen. The verdict that a 
jury passed upon hia conduct at the 
Old Bailey m May, 1895, destroyed 
for ever hia reputation, and con- 
demned him to ignoble obscurity 
for the remainder of his days. 
When he had served his sentence of 
two years’ imprisonment, he was 
broken in health as well as bank- 
rupt in fame and fortune. Death 
has soon ended what must have 
been a life of wretchedness and 
unavailing regret. WOde was the 
son of the late Sir William W3de, 
an eminent Irish surgeon. His 
mother was a graceful writer, both 
in prose and verse. He had a 
brilliant career at Oxford, where he 
took a first-class both in classical 
moderations and in LitMum*, and 
also won the Newdigate Prize for 
RngliaH verse for a poem on 
Ravenna. Even before he left the 
University in 1878 Wilde had 
become known as one of the most 
affected of the professors of the 
aesthetic craze and for several 
years it was as the typical aesthete 
that he kept before the 

notice of the public. At the same 
time he was a man of far greater 
originality and power of mind than 
many of the apostles of aestheti- 
cism. As his Oxford career showed, 
he had undoubted talents in many 
directions, talents which might 
have been brought to fruition had 
it not been for his craving after 
notoriety. He was known as a poet 
of graceful diction; as an essayist of 
wit and distinction; later on as a 
playwright of skill and subtle 
humour. A novel of his, “The 
Picture of Dorian Gray”, attracted 
much attention, and hia sayings 
passed from mouth to mouth as 
those of one of the professed wita of 
the age. When he became a 
dramatist .his plays had all the 
characteristics of Iris conversation. 
His first piece. Lady Windermere s 
Fan, was produced in 1892. A 
Woman of no Importance followed 
in 1893. An Ideal Husband and 
The Importance of Being Earnest 
were both running at the time of 
their author’s disappearance from 
English life. All these pieces had 
the same quaKtias — a paradoxical 
humour and a perverted outlook on 
life being the most prominent. 
They were packed with witty 
sayings, and the author's clever- 
ness gave him at once a position in 
the dramatic world. The revela- 
tions of the criminal trial in 1895 
naturally made them impossible 
for some years. Recently, however, 
one of them was revived, though 
not at a West-end theatre. After Us 
release in 1897, WUde pu b li s hed 
“The Ballad of Reading Gaol”, a 
poem of considerable but unequal 
power. He also appeared in print as 
a critic of our prison system, 
against the results of which he 
entered a passionate protest. For 
the last three years he has lived 
abroad. It is stated on the authority 
of the Dublin Evening Mail that he 
was recently reoeiv sd into the 
Roman Catholic Church. Mrs Os- 
car Wilde died not long ago; leaving 
two children. 

Bitter-sweet memory 

From Mrs Diana HuggiU 
Sir, What pleasures there are to be 
found by inquisitive grand- 
children (Mr Greene's Typhoo 
tea, November 27). 

No doubt in due course one of 
my granddaughters will find at foe 
back of my store cupboard a tin of 
dried eggs at present in excellent 
condition, purchased by her great 
grandmother, also as a wartime 

It is interesting to note that foe 
tea is labelled USA product “for 
European recovery”. 

Whether foe contents will be as 
acceptable as Mrs Weston- 
Davies’s Angosturas (November 
21) is doubtfuL 

Yours faithfully, 


Sherford Lodge, 

20 Haines HiR 
Taunton, Somerset. 

November 27. 

Instant switch-off? 

From Mrs E. M. Thomas 
Sir, What exactly is foe purpose of 
railway station announcements? 
During foe war, when name signs 
disappeared and lighting was 
minimal, they were absolutely 
necessary, and their plangent in- 
audibility became a national joke; 
now, stations are identified by 
large illuminated si g ns , ana 
information appears on computer 

Do I understand that “Epsom, 
all change” (report, November 27) 
is meant for people inside the train 
who certainly cannot hear it? 

Do you think, Sir, that if all 
station announcements were 
stopped tomorrow there would be 
a single complaint? 

Yours faithfully, 


JO Clarence Crescent, 

Windsor, Berkshire. 

November 27. 


Gifford Longley 

Advent nagging the public conscience 



November 29: Princess Alice, 
Duchess of Gloucester, was 
present this morning at a Ser- 
vice for the Rededication and 
Opening of the Bells at Peter- 
borough Cathedral. 

Mrs Michael Harvey was in 

November 30: Princess Alexan- 
dra and the Hon Angus Ogjlvy j 
were present this evening at “A 
Tribute 10 Peter Peats 1910- 
1986", in aid of the Aldebtngb 
Foundation Appeal, at the 
Royal Opera House, Covent 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Prince Georg of Denmark 
will be held in Westminster 
Abbey at Spin today. 

The Countess of ErroD gave 
birth to a daughter at 
Basingstoke Hospital on 
November 23. 

Birthdays today 

Mr Woody Allen, SI; Lord 
Cross of Chelsea, 82; Mr Gor- 
don Crosse, 49; Lord Glen- 
con ner, 60; Dame Alicia 
Maikova, 76; Miss Mary Mar- 
tin, 73; Mr Keith Mich ell, 58; 
Mr Bruce Page. SO; Sir W illiam 
Pile, 67; Dame Mildred 
RidddsdeH, 73; Mr Andy Rip- 
ley, 39; Lord Roll of Ipsden, 79; 
Mr G. D. Squibb. QC, 80; Mr 
Lee Trevino, 47; Baroness Wil- 
loughby de Eresby, 52. 

Memorial meeting 

As December begins its crescendo of self- 
indulgence towards Christmas the 
churches bunch a counter movement of 
selMenial and repentance; but it happens 
too regularly to be news, and it is called 


judging from the usual content of current 
theological journals, books, reviews and 
lectures. It is the modem theologian's least 
favourite subject 

In this theological vacuum salvation 
becomes a “prizes for everyone'’ business. 

This descant to the popular pro- Controversy over salvation by faith alone, 
Christmas mood is like a nag to the public such as was recently tackled by the 
conscience, pan of the function of Anglican-Roman Catholic International 

Mrs J. Bennett caJ attention wasp 

Mrs Gillian Beer, Vice-Mistress 
of Girton College. Cambridge. . 

presided at a memorial meeting MSmSfiCS 
for Mrs Joan Bennett held on , J,' 

Saturday at Girton College. Mb 

conscience, part of the Junction 01 
religious institutions to be out of step and 
inconvenient, saying the wrong thing at 
the wrong time. 

But religious institutions are sometimes 
short of the necessary courage to risk the 
unpopularity of other- wo rtdliness at times 
when the world presses in hardest. For 
even in the churches themselves other- 
workftiness has become unpopular. 

This is related to the flight from next- 
wordliness, the fear of seeming preoccu- 
pied with the future after-life to the neglect 
of the present this- life. But the more 
profound explanation of this retreat is a 
state of doctrinal uncertainty and theologi- 
cal confusion about what it is now 
acceptable to believe concerning life after 


Heaven has become unmentionable; 
which is probably because bell has become 
unmentionable, for the one does not make 
much sense without the other. It is by no 
means dear that a modern bdiever allows 
himself to belief in bell at all, for the very 
idea of eternal punishment seems at odds 
with all that is humane, civilised, decent, 
and liberal. 

Advent, as a case in point, would be a 
very different period if it were understood 
- as the medievals understood it - as a time 
of preparation for the coming of the One 
who could deliver mankind from the ever 
present dreadful threat of eternal damna- 

Even today, all the churches would still 
state no less than this as their official 
doctrine; but their conduct and preaching 
belies it. There are genuine intellectual 
difficulties, not just squeamishness, be- 
hind this reserve; but they will not be 
resolved by avoiding them. It seems to be a 
very long time since any serious theologi- 
cal attention was given to these difficulties. 

Anglican-Roman Catholic International 
Commission, has no real significance fin- 
anyone if everyone believes salvation to be 
the universal destiny. 

In the absence of any coherent concept 
of damnation, however, this must be how 
salvation will seem. Even the word mocks 
the hollowness of the idea - salvation from 
what, exactly? And if there is nothing to be 
saved from, the central events and 
doctrines of Christianity lose whatever 
underlying logic they may have had- The 
man crucified to save the world was a 
meaningless and barren tragedy if there 
was no need to save it, and nothing to save 
it from. 

Nevertheless the received traditional 
doctrines of hell are startling in their 
inappropriateness and oflensiveness. In a 
world in which no civilised person can 
defend the use of physical torture, the idea 
of eternal punishment by fire is obscene. A 
perpetual state of utter mental misery, as a 
punishment deliberately inflicted by God 
as a reward for wickedness, it hardly more 
appealing or credible. 

What is lacking is any notion of a 
doctrine of bell which a modem mind can 
grasp and imagine, without having to 
reject it as entirely absurd. Yet it still has to 
pass the test of total unattractiveness, of 
being that fete than which it is impossible 
to imagine a worse one. 

Such a modem renewal of the concepts 
of salvation and damnation would also 
have to address and correct the injustices 
apparent in the received tradition, at least 
in the Protestant pan of the Christian 
world. With no doctrine of purgatory, 
there are only two possible sentences, 
heaven or belL It is as if the lowliest 
magistrate had no lesser penalty at his 
discretion than death. 

The first necessary ingredient in a 

credible concept of judgement after death 
would be some revival of a concept of 
purgatory, somewhere that the fairly but 
not very wicked can get what they deserve. 
It is the either-or starkness of the 
salvation-damnation choice which has, 
more than any other idea, promoted the 

belief in salvation for everyone and made 
damnation ridiculous. 

Similariy such a renewal would have to 
propose some credible idea of the state of 
afterlife, something better (in the case of 
heaven) than “all the things you could 
possibly have ever wanted all at once" or 
<in the case of bell) demons with folks and 
dungeons with fire. 

If it is individual consciousness which is 
said to survive, then heaven, heU and 
purgatory have to be described as states of 
conscious experience, extensions of 
experie n ces already known. The medieval 
image-makers did not shirk from this, in 
their employment of images of burning. 
But no-one has bad the courage to propose 
something equivalent which modem 
imaginations can grasp. 

And to be plausible as part of a universe? 
ruled by a loving God, the medieval idea 
of externally imposed physical punish- 
ment would have to give way to something 
mental rather than physical, and some- 
thing self-inflicted by virtue of an inescap- 
able logic. It can no longer be seen as God’s 
choice that the damned should suffer, but 
the suffering has to be the automatic 
fulfilment of moral, psychological and 
spiritual dispositions and choices already 
irreversibly mads. Psychiatry is not al- 
together ignorant of such possibilities. 

The foundation of a modem theory of 
salvation requires such a renewed concept 
of damnation, to explain how it is to work 
as the means of deliverance from such 
locked-m mental states. In the absence of 
such a renewal, however, the religious 
mind will hesitate and draw away through 
lack of confidence and lads of coherence, 
and other-worldli ness will remain no more 
than not-ofthis-worldliness with nothing 
more positive to say. With something only 
as vague as that in conflict with the world, 
the world wfll surety win. 



Ageless charmer with infallible comic touch 

0 . - uniniie mastery of the art ot 

Cary Grant, British-born 
film star who became an 
American citizen in 1 943, died 
at Davenport, Iowa, on No- 
vember 29 (local time). He 
was 82, 

Tail, suave and with dark 
good looks - though his hair 
eventually turned snow-white 
-be had a limited range as an 
actor. But within the genres 
that suited him best, the 
sophisticated comedy and 
comedy-thriller, he was 

His easy and relaxed play- 
ing concealed a magnificent 
technique, and he was often 
compared with the English 
stage actor, Gerald du Mau- 
rier, of whom it was said that 
he excelled ax being himself. 

Giant’s basic screen perso- 
na was of the romantic charm- 
er and he was teamed 
successfully with a generation 
of the screen’s leading ladies 
from Jean Harlow and 
Katharine Hepburn to Ingrid 

□C ULCliOl ax n finp mmsal. 

Grant's basic screen perso- Alexander Archibald Leac*L 

nfl wan of the m rnflntir charm - As a boy he frequented 

er and he was teamed Bristol Hippodrome, being 
successfully with a generation initially more interested in the 
of the screen's leading ladies electrical side of stage work 
from Jean Harlow and than in becoming a performer. 
Katharine Hepburn to Ingrid But before long, without his 
Bagman, Grace Kelly, Sophia parents’ permission, be joined 
Loren and Leslie Caron. a troupe of acrobats as a 

Loren and Leslie Caron. a troupe of acrobats as a 
But in the hands of gifted tumbler and stilt-walker and 
directors like George Cukor, while still only 16 he travelled 

Alfred Hitchcock (his own 
favourite) and Howard 

with the troupe to America. 
He stayed there for three 

Hawks, the Grant character years, for a time selling neck- 
often took on an extra diraen- ties, and also working as a 
sion, acquiring a hint of sandwich man. 
vulnerability and even He also began to get jobs as 


His voice was unique, with 

an actor, and during the 1 920s 
he alternated between the 

an accent attributable to no British and American tbe- 
country or region. It was atres, mostly in musical come- 
neither English nor American,' dy and vaudeville. He had a 
nor even mid-Atlantic, screen test with Paramount 
Clipped but with some rather but the studio turned him 
extravagant vowel sounds, it down because of his thick 

Sarah Ray, gr anddaughter . read 

from the Book of Proverbs, Miss 
Barbara Brenchley read The 
Anniversary by John Donne, Dr 
Katherine Herzog, daughter, 
read from the works of James 
Shirley and George Herbert, and 

Mr CJ. Cazalet 
and Miss J.C. Little 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at Chelsea Okl Church 
of Mr Julian Camlet, youngest 
son of the late Vice-Admiral Sir 
Peter Cazalet and of Lady 
Cazalet of Newtek, Lewes, East 


went well with the character of neck and bow legs, 
a mysterious loner, whose But Paramount later 
caustic and cynical maimer changed its mind and put him 

Night sky in December 

concealed reserves of 
Grant’s comic gif 

sion. under contract In 1932 he 
were made his screen debut in a 

Miss Etimbete Cook firam the 
works of Ben Jonsoit . 

Memorial services of Lavenon, Broadway. 

VjgAd-W^ir Geoffrey £ 

The Lord Lieutenant for West ■ ■ 

Sussex was represented by Sir 
Peter Mureell and the First Sea 

Lord by Rear-Admiral GAP. ^LS^SSLS S" a 
H itchens at a service of thanks- , tP* Adnan 

giving for the life of Vice- tWm 

Admiral Sir Geoffrey Thist- TSfiSKs.™ ™?J!t Sf 

leton-Smith held on Saturday at 

the Church of St Mary and Si X27 ,oon wdl 51X3,1 
Gabriel. Hailing, West Sussex. abroatL 
Dr LH. Jeffery Mr AS. Coffins 

A memorial service for Dr and Mrs V.M. Crisp 
Lilian Hamilton Jeffery was The marriage took place quietly, 
held on Saturday in the Chapel in London, on Friday, Novem- 
of Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, ber 28. between Mr Andrew 
The Rev Kevin Horsell offici- Collins and Mis Virginia Crisp 
ated, assisted by the Rev Peter (nee Craik- White). 

Bide. Mr D.ML Stewart. Prin- m .tr o a¥M 

Oxford Society 

The London branch of the 
Oxford Society will hold its 

Mr J.R. Hayes 
and Miss A. Nugent 
The marriage took place on 
November 21, quietly in Brigh- 
ton, between Mr John Room 
Mayes, of Atherton, Lancashire, 
and Miss Ann Nugent, of 

twenty second annual dinner on Jesmond, Newcastle upon Tyne. 

Wednesday. December 3 in the u. r c 

Hall of the Middle Temple, by JSSfcjUuBI 

TtaU Tha m anjag toot ptacaquialy, 
w'U pn ^andym bcawiDte Mr Otffcri Wesnw 

and Miss Jennifer Ball, both of 
Widemoulfa Bay. 

By our Astronomy 
Mercury is a morning star and 
might be observable in the first 
week of the mouth, rising about 
two hours before the Sun, 
magnitude -0.5. 

Venus is prominent in the 
morning sky and will reach its 
greatest brilliancy, -4.7, on the 
11th. Moon near it on the 28th. 

Mars retains its setting time of 
just before 23h, while moving 
rapidly relative to the stars of 
Aquarius, just reaching Pisces 
by the end of the month. 

Jupiter is quite prominent in 
the south-west, but by the end of 
the month win be setting at 
about 22h. Mars will be very 
close to it, in the same binocular 
field, on the 19th but three 
magnitudes less bright. Moon 
not for from these two planets 
on the 7th. 

Saturn is no longer in the 
night sky and will be in conjunc- 
tion with the Sun on the4th. 

Uranus and Neptune are also 
lost in the twilight and will be in 
conjunction on the 14th and 
27th respectively. 

The Moon: new, ldI7h; first 
quarter, 8d08h; full, 16d07h; last 
quarter, 24d09h; new, 3!d03h. 

best employed in the series of musical. This Is the Night. In 
screwball comedies he made the next few years be averaged 
with Hawks. In films like half-a-dozen pictures a year. 
Bringing Up Baby , I Was a but it was not until near the 
Male War Bride and. Monkey end of the decade that be 
Business, the humour largely emerged as a major star, 
stems from placing him in a An important influence on 
humiliating situation, whether his early career was the 11am - 
coping with a baby leopard, boyant Mae West, who taught 
being forced to dress up as a him much about the craft of 
woman, or taking a drug comedy in the course of 
which produces a reversion to appearing with him in She 


Done Him Wrong and I’m No 

Another constant factor in AngeL Though he had to suffer 
these films is that Grant is the inevitable crop of routine 
outwitted by the opposite sex - pictures to fulfil his contract 
an uncomfortable experience with the studio, he did manage 
for the screen's great lover. to appear opposite Dietrich in 
George Cukor helped bring Blonde Venus , Katharine 

out his talent for comedy in Hepburn in Sylvia Scarlett 
pictures like Sylvia Scarlett, and Jean Harlow in Suzy. 
Holiday and The Philadelphia By the late 1930s, with 

Story , while Hitchcock cast comedies like Topper, The 
him successfully in a number Awful Truth, Bringing Up 
of his lighter thrillers, iuclud- Baby (with Hepburn again) 
ing Notorious, To Catch a and another Hawks picture. 

The dUmwi shows me Brighter stars that win be above the b ot tom hi the lati- 
tude of London at 23h (1 1 pm) at the begtoning. SK2h UO pm) tn the middle, and 
21 h 19 pm) at the end of the month, local mean ume. At places uwuy Cram the 
Green wich meridian the Greenwich ume* at which the diagram applies are later 
than the above by one hour for each xa den west of Greenwich and earner by a 
M*e amount If the place be east. The map should be turned so that the horizon 

Alanl- „ .f ™ MnouiH u iw place or can. ine map snotna oe turned so mat me horizon 
Algol, approximate times Ot the Observer is facing (shown by the words around the circle) Is at the bottom. 

Thief and the classic North by Only Angels Have Wings 
Northwest, which contains the (which features a memorable 
famous sequence of Grant verbal duel between Grant 
menaced by a crop-dusting and Jean Arthur), he was 
plane in a lonely cornfield. indisputably one of 

The ending of another Hollywood’s big stars. 
Hitchcock film. Suspicion, Further pictures enhanced 
had to be changed because it his position; yet another 
was felt that the public would Hawks comedy. His Girl Fri- 
not accept Grant as a day, a re-make of the famous 

Benchers. Lord Tweedsxnuir 
wiil preside and speeches will be 
by Lord Windlesham, chairman 
of the society's executive 
committee. Viscount Touy- 
pandy, former Speaker of the 
House of Commons, and Dr 
J.M. Roberts, Warden of Mer- 
ton College. Members of Oxford 
University, past or present, 
wishing to receive details of 
membership or the Oxford Soci- 
ety and news of its functions are 
invited to write to the Secretary, 
Dr H.A Hu men, 8 Wellington 
Square. Oxford, OX1 2HY, or 
telephone. (0865) 59345. 


Royal Scottish Corporation 
The anniversary dinner of the 
Scottish Hospital of King 
Charles 11 was held at the Savoy 
Hotel on Saturday. Lord Balfour 
of Burleigh was in the chair and 
the other speakers were the Earl 
of EitoII, Sir Stephen Miller and 
Mr James Gulliver. 

Cheshire Homes 
are all about 

_in so many ways. 

evening minima are just after 
midnight Nov 30-Dec 1, 3d21h, 
6dl8h. 9dl5h. 23d23h and 

The Winter Solstice, when the 
Sun mil reach its most southerly 
declination, will be at 22d04h. 
This is nominally the shortest 
day, but in fact the length of 
daylight is almost constant for 
several days about this time. 
The earliest sunsets will be 
around the 12th of tbe month 
and the latest sunrises about the 

Mention was made last 
month of the Leonid meteors. 
There may be a few Geminids to 
be seen in the second week of 
this month, though unfortu- 
nately there will be moonlight. 
Maximum is due on the 14th 
and tbe radiant in Gemini is not 
for from Castor and Pollux. 

Tbe conjunction of three 
outer planets all in the same 
month suggests that they are all 
roughly inline, but reference to 
earlier maps, say July and 
August, shows that they cannot 
be, for although they are all on 
the same side of the Sun they 
appear in different 

the zenith Mno at the centre. Greenwich Mean Time, known to astronomers as 
Universal Time and expressed in 24-hour notation, is used tn the accompanying 
notes unless otherwise Hated. 


them as their imaginary inhab- 
itants see the Earth in superior 

Christmas Eve will be dark 
this year. Jupiter and Mars, 
dose together in the west, will be 
setting by 10pm, and the Moon 

will not rise until midnight. For 
early wakers on Christmas 
morning there will be a half 
moon near the south and the 
brilliant Venus ushering in the 
great day low in tbe south-east 

Readers are reminded that 
this is one of the occasions when 
the sundial (making allowance 
for longitude if not done when 
the dial was set) will closely 
agree with the time signals, to 
within a few seconds on the 

For anyone who has received 
the present of a telescope or 
binoculars the night sky for the 
next three months is at its 
brightest and best and provides 
many opportunities. 

By the end of this month the 
current map will apply to 9pm 
and the November one to 7pm, 
excluding the Moon and Mars of 

The determining factor in the course, 
dates is the motion of the Earth. Jupiter will at once attract 
It is not so much tbe planets attention and small telescopes 
hiding behind the Sun, but will show its four main sat- 
rather the Earth hiding from ellites. If there should be several 

dear nights the quite rapid : 
changes tn configuration can be I 
observed. The constellation of 
Orion is also promiment notice 
colour differences, which are 
enhanced by optical aid. 

Betelgeuse differs from most 
of the others, and tbe nebula, a 
beautiful sight, differs from 
both. Another beautiful object is 
the Pleiades duster; how many 
stars can you see without the 1 
instrument? (they win be diffi- 
cult to count with it). The 
Plough, part of Ursa Major, is 
low in tbe north; look at the 
middle star of the handle (or 

Another object of interest is 
the galaxy in Andromeda. Being 
near tbe zenith it will be diffidt 
to get at unless lying in a very 
low deck chair. Lf showing the 
sky to the children do at least 
point it out as the most distant 
object the unaided eye can see; 
its light lakes two million years 
to reach us, whereas from the 
Sun only eight minutes. 

• The Times Night Sky 1987 is 
available in bookshops, price 
£1.75. It contains the monthly 
maps for 1987, notes on the 
apparitions of the planets, the 
positions in their omits, and a 
review of the year m space. 

newspaper play, The Front 

Even in the slightest of bis Page, with Rosalind Russell, 
pictures, he could be relied on The Philadelphia Story and 
for a performance of fruitless Suspicion. There was a tailor- 
comic technique, and he car- made part for him in Frank 
tied his years lightly. His Capra’s version of the cele- 
riposte to the fan magazine brated black comedy, Arsenic 
editor who cabled to him, and Old Lace, and an Oscar 
“How old Cary Grant?" is nomination for his portrayal 
legendary: “Old Cary Grant ofthe cockney hero of Richard 

fine. How you?” 

He was born in Bristol on 
January 18, 1904, son of a 

Llewellyn’s None But the 
Lonely Heart. 

He never, Ln fret, won an 

clothes presser, but grandson Oscar for an individual perfor- 
(on his father's side) of an mance, but he was given a 
actor. His real name was special award in 1970 Tor “his 


Forthcoming marriages 

a™ Mr MJ. Fetberaton-Godtey 

Thl ^ and Miss KjC. Mmrsy-Brown 
The engagement is announced 

between James, younger son of The engagement is announced 
Mr and Mrs Richard Le Farm, between Martin, son of Mr 
and Juliet, younger daughter of FAIL Fetherston-Godley and 

LrtvariCbntorr. VC.0M.DS0.DFC 

The residents in Leonard Cheshire Homes are very severely 
handicapped men, women and children suffering from a wide range 
or conditions. Sometimes unable to speak, or to move much more 
than a hand orfooL 

A Cheshire Home offers them much more than just physical 
care. It gives them the dignity and freedom that is their right as 
individuals, the opportunity or friendship, a sense or purpose and a 
chance to participate. 

There are 75 Cheshire Homes in the United Kingdom and a 
further M7 in 45 countries throughout the world. AH of them have 
been made possible by the efforts of dedicated volunteers and by 
generous charitable donations. 

We also rearit out to elderly and disabled people living in lbeir 
own homes, and to families with a handicapped member who may 

be struggling alone in isohtkmand despaic 19 FaraQy Support Sendees 

in England provide vital part-time help at crucial times ofthe day- 
a lifeline indeed. But many many more services are needed to plug 
the yarning gaps In stale provhion. Only 2J7% of our income is spent 
on administering this large charily. 

This means that almost all the money we receive roes in 
DIRECT help to those in need. 


To: Hon. Demme Room B, The Leonard Cheshire Foundation"! 
26-29 Maunsel Street, London SW1P2QN. 

□ I enclose a donation. I 

CH Please send me some information on covenants/legacies? ! 

□□ Please send me more information. please delete) I 


Lord and Lady Annan. 

Mr LD. Baker 
and Miss J jLC. Vass 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian, son of Judge and 
Mrs P.V. Baker, of Purley, 
Surrey, and Jane, daughter of 
Mr and Mis WJ.D. Vass. of 
Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire. 

Mr AJ. Ballantyne 
and Miss R.CJVL Eggleston 
The engagement is announced 
between Alastalr, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs Hugh Ballantyne. 
of Preston. Lancashire, and 
Rose, second daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Tony Eggleston, of 
Norwich and Campion School, 

the late Mis BJE. Fetbersum- 
Godley, of Chippenham, Wilt- 
shire, and Kate, daughter of Mr 
NJ. Murray-Brown, of Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts, and Mrs 
J. Murray-Brown, of Fulham, 

Mr SLH. Le Jenc 

Bjesteffi and Miss AJL.G. Clowes 

announced The eng ag ement is announced 
ngerson of between Simon, son of Mr and 
SaDantyne. Mrs Hedley Jenne, of Brittains 
“d Farm, Sevenoaks, Kent, and 
ter of Mr Anne, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
lleswn, of Edward Garfit Clowes, of Glade 
on School, Lodge; Kingswood, Surrey. 

Mr JLP. Barrett 

and Miss M.K.E. HID Mr PJXC- Lloyd 

The engagement is announced and Miss SLA. Taylor 
between Julian Patrick Barrett, _ 

The Light lafontry, eldest son of engagement is announced 

Mr Patrick A. Barrett, OBE, and , Pe }F r ’ 

Mre Barren, of Edgbaston. Bir- 

mingham, and London SW3, P Lloyd, ofDubkn. Republic of 
and Maria Kathleen Elizabeth, upland, and Sarah, elder dau^b- 
only daughter of Mr and Mre ^ r , of W r and Mrs L. Taylor, of 
Edwin Hill, of Weybridge. Sa*. Cheshire. 


Mr R. Boggis-Rolfe „ . 

and MfasLJE. Jenkins 

The e ngagement is announced Mlss P° xoa 
between Richard, son of Mr and Tbe engagement is announced 
Mis Paul Boggis-Rolfe, and between Christopher Mark, eJ- 
Lvey Elisabeth, younger daugb- der son of Judge and Mrs GJC 
ter of Lieutenant-Colonel and Naylor, of HeswalL WirraL and 

Ifos I-E- Jenkins Vi- 1 * 

ngagement is announced Miss CJ. Foxon 

:n Richard, son of Mr and Tbe engagement is announced 
Paul Boggis-Rolfe, and between Christopher Mark, eJ- 
sfisabeth, younger daugb- der son of Judge and Mrs GJC 
Lieutenant-Colonel and Naylor, of HeswalL Wirral, and 
Stephen Jenkins, of Catherine Jane, only daughter of 

Hampden Manor, North! each, 

Mr and Mrs T.M. Foxon, of 
MangotsfieW, Bristol. 

Mr AJL Fspiolek 
and Miss H~J. Knight 
The engagement is announced 
between Anton, son of Mr and 
Mrs W. Popioiek, of Lawford, 
Essex, and Hilary, daughter of I 
Mr and Mrs R-D. Knight, of 
Meopham, Kent 

Mr WJELA. Powell 
and Miss NJ5. Mason 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between william, youngest son 
ofMaporand Mrs DavkfPowell, 
of Finchampstead, Berkshire, 
and Nicola, eldest daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Keith Mason, of 
Chartham, Kent. 

Mr TJL Reeve 
ami Miss J A. Parker 
The e ng a gem ent is announced 
between Thomas, son of Mr 
GJ. Reeve and MrsG.E. Reeve, 
and Jacqueline, daughter of Mr 
AJL Parker and Mrs R.F. 

Mr GJELJ. Roddick 
and Miss CJE. Wickham 
The engagement is announced 
between Guy, sonofDrandMrs 
Maurice Ruddick, of St Brelade, 
Jersey, and Caroline, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs John Wickham, 
of Westcott, Surrey. 

Mr N.C. Waiters 
and Miss G-M. Hesfonl 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel, son of the late 
Mr N- Walters and Mrs R_ 
Walters, of Watford, Hertford- 
shire, and Georgina, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs D. Hesford. of 
Harpenden, Hertfordshire, and 
Sao Paulo, Brazil. 

Dr L. Harrison Matthews, »? d Penguin (1977), based on 
FRS, one of the world's lead- l he ^ but incorporat- 
ing zoologists, died on No- a wealth of colourful 
vember 27. He was 85. anecdotes. 

A naturalist in the tradition- **** 

al sense, he had an encydo- “} J* 929, 

paedic knowledge of the f ^ ^. facturer at 

animal kingdom. At the same 5 

lime he combined the charao- department- During the war 
ter of a serious researcher with “l*?* “ a office I 
that of a popularizer of sci- Command 

ence, and his Man and Wild - fretwork 

life, published in 1976, is one 2° radar Patbfinder 

of the most balanced accounts 

on conservation and wildlife returned to Bristol after 
ever produced. tbe war, continuing his re- 

»/.. search on mammals. In 1951 
fae ™ appointed scientific 
° director of toe Zoological 
to®, ^ a Society of London, a post he 

SBtewj sa unta his “ 

King’s College, Cambridge, 
where be took a first in natural 
sciences in 1922. 

In his vacations he spent 
much time in trawlers, study- 
ing marine biology and visit- 
ing the Faroes, Iceland and die 
White Sea. On graduating, he 
travelled to South America to 
carry out research in the 
mangrove swamps of Brazil. 
In 1924 he applied for, and 
secured, a post with the Dis- 
covery expedition to work on 
the biology of whales off South 

He stayed with Discovery 
for the next five years, one of 
the most formative periods of 
his life. Not only did he do 
much valuable research, pro- 
ducing several monographs on 
whales, seals and seabirds, but 
he also absorbed the culture of 
the rough-and-ready pioneer-* 
ing community of whalers and 

His first book. South Geor- 
gia, the Empire’s Sub- Antarc- 
tic Outpost, was produced 
soon after his return in 1931. 
This remained a definitive 
text for more than 50 years, 
becoming a rare work after 
stocks woe destroyed in a 
warehouse fire. Much later, he 
published three popular 
books, Wandering Albatross 
(1951), Sea Elephant (1952) 

held until his retirement in 

He followed his early work 
on whales with an important 
study of the spotted hyena (he 
once enjoyed the epithet “Hy- 
ena Matthews”), whose pecu- 
liar hermaphroditic character 
he was the first to exp lain, and 
be went on to publish papers 
on moles, bats, cats and many' 
other animals. 

But the study of seals, which 
he first began during his time 
in South Georgia, remained 
his special favourite, and he 
joined his friend, Humphrey 
Hewer, in the first serious 
investigation of British seals. 
Another deservedly popular 
book. The Seals and die 
Scientists (1979X came out of 
this work. 

Everything that he wrote 
was accessible to his readers. 
His Coffins “New Naturalist” 
volume, British Mammals 
(1952). fired an immense en- 
thusiasm for the study of 
mammals in this country. 

Matthews was excellent 
company, always able to find 
an appropriate yam from his 
many journeys to distant 
places. He assembled a re- 
markable library, and his 
study was full of curios collect- 
ed on his travels. 

He, married Dorothy Heldne 
Harris in 1924. She survives 
him, with a son and daughter. 

unique mastery of uie an ot 
screen acting"- In making lhe 
presentation, Frank Sinatra 
sud: “Cary has so much stall 
that he makes it all look easy”. 

The casting of Grant as the 
songwriter Cole Porter in 
Night and Day was not a 
success, but he generally man- 
aged to choose bis pictures 
shrewdly, and the late 1940s 
and early 1950s saw him in 
Notorious. J Was a Male War 
Bride and Monkey Business. 
He also appeared in two 
pictures with a young actress, 
Betsy Drake, whom he discov- 
ered and later married. 

But by 1953, with Holly- 
wood reeling under the first 
impact of television. Grant 
(along with some other major 
stars) came near to being 
he written off by both the indus- 
ng try and the fans, and he was 
lie absent from the cinema for 
ric two years. , 

:r. Hitchcock brought him 
is back, opposite Grace Kelly, in 
>d To Catch a Thief, and it 
a became immediately apparent 
id that his screen obituary was 
xl premature. (The film, made 
a. on location in Monaco, had 
x important consequences for 
lc- Miss Kelly, and for the 
a Grimaldi dynasty.) An Affair 
to Remember, Indiscreet (a 
is felicitous partnership with In- 
)s grid Bergman), North by 
i e Northwest, The Grass is 

> Greener, and a polished come- 

> dy-thriller. Charade, took his 
a career successfully into the 
it 1 960s and showed him to be 
n as durable as ever. 

k By this time Grant had 
become one of the richest film 
r stars in the world. From 1958 
n be took no salary for bis films 
ie but demanded up to 75 per 
a cent of the profits and it was 
n estimated that at least four of 
d his subsequent pictures were 
r, successful enough to earn him 
e £1 million each, 
e His seventy-second film. 

Walk, Don't Run, a comedy 
n set against the Tokyo Olym- 
i- pics, appeared in 1966. It 
it proved to be his last. He never 
if formally announced his retire- 
>f meat, but he had reached the 
e point where making films had 

0 ceased to interest him, and he 
r decided to fade quietly from 
s the screen. From now on his 
t rare public appearances were 
s in connection with his direc- 

1 torship of tbe scent company, 

* Fabergp. 

r In private he was normally 

as jaunty as in his films, but he 
i suffered periodic bouts of 
? depression. (His mother had a 
? nervous collapse when he was 
) 12.) Though once a chain- 

smoker, he was cured by 
hypnosis and then became 
fanatically opposed to the 
habiL His political views were 
strongly right-wing. 

‘ He was married five times. 

His first wife was Virginia 
Cherill, who played the blind 
flower-girl in Chaplin's City 
Lights. He was next married 
to wootworth heiress Barbara 
Hutton. Betsy Drake followed; 
and his fourth wife, Dyan 
Cannon, bore him his only 
child, a daughter, in 1966. In . 
1981 he married Barbara Har- * 
ris, 47 years his junior and, 
like himsdC British-born. 

He protested that he did not 
leave any ofhis wives, but that 
they left him. Yet the underly- 
ing cause of his domestic 
instability is clear from his 
remark: “When I'm married I 
want to be single, and when 
I'm single I want to be 


Mr E. W. (Ted) Stairs, 
whose career as a journalist 
and editor included some 15 
years on the foreign desk of 
The Times, has died at the age 
of 63. 

His speciality on the paper T ' 
was East African affairs, a 
subject for which he was 
particularly well qualified 
having been, from 1949 to 
1965, successively a sub-edi- 
tor on the Tanganyika Stan- 
dard and editor of the 
Mombasa Times. 

He loved Africa, its people, 
landscape and climate; and 
though his return to Britain in 
the mid-1960s was prompted 
partly by misgivings over his 
own future and that of the 
newly-independent African 
countries, he had the reward- 
ing experience, in revisiting 
Mombasa last winter, of find- 
ing that he and his old ^ 
newspaper were still held in 
high regard. 

Stairs left school at the age 
of] 6 to become a reporter for 
the United Metropolitan Press 
group of London suburban 
newspapers. Two years later 
he volunteered for the RAF, 
and fae served throughout the 
war as a signals technician. 

Though this interrupted his 
press career, he always looked 
back on the war years as an 
invaluable source of self-as- 
surance and companionship. 

His last winter in uniform 
was spent on the remote island 
of S yft, w here he deepened his 
understanding of Germans 
and their language and, 
through his friendship with 
the members of a ladies’ string * 

quartet, gained a lasting en- 
thusiasm for chamber music. 

Disheartened by the long- 
running Times Newspapers 
strike ( 1 978-9) and its conse- 
quences, he retired early to 
settle on the Costa del Sol, 
where he and his wife, Babs. 
relished the climate and the 
company of expatriate friends. 

She died in 1984. There 
were no children of the mar- 


Cole Porter l j„ 
Day was not a 
he generally man- 
wse his piclures 
nd the laie 194 fk 

■» Knin 

»OJ a A/ a / r 

Monkey Business 
ippeared in !wo 
•h a young aciress 
?. whom he disco vl 
ter married. 

1953. with Holly- 
ag under the fi rel 
television. Grant 
some other major 
e near \o being 
by both the ind u ^ 

? fans, and he was 
nt the cinema f or 

:k brought him 
site Grace Kelly. j n 
u Thief, and ii 
mediately apparent 
:reen obituary was 
. (The film, 'made 
n in Monaco, had 
consequences for 
ly. and for the 
dynasty.! .-tn Affair 
nber, Indiscreet (a 
partnership with In- 
gman). Xonh by 
, The Grass is 
nd a polished come- 
. Charade, took his 
ocessfulty into the 
1 showed him :o be 
: as ever. 

» time Grant had 
ne of the richest film 
ie world. From I *958 

0 salary for his films 
mded up to 75 per 
ie profits and it was 
: that at least four of 
quenz pictures were 

1 enough to earn him 
n each. 

event y-secend film, 
ors'f Run. a comedy 
st the Tokyo Com- 
peared in ! 966'. It 
j be n:s Iasi. He never 
announced his 
ii he had reached the 
ere making films had 
> interest him. and he 
to fade quiedy from 
■n. From now r.n his 
•lie appearances were 
:ction with h:« J:re:- 
>f the seer.: company. 

vaie he was r. , 3 1 i> 

.asinhistVims hu-he 
periodic of 

on (His r had 2 

collapse when ne was 
ouch once a chasn- 
he «as cured by 
s and then became 
11 y opposed :•? the 
os poistica! views wer. 


as numsa ft' ■' 

si wife was 
who played '.be * r 
girl in Chaplin - 
'He was next m 
(worth heiress Bar: * r 
. Beis> Drake re t!., w 
3 fourth w:fe 

fc»TC him. h:f ■ 
i daughter ' • 
.•married F. --f‘ 
years h-s ; ' er.u. 
TiMSf. . 

roiesisd sha - . r «■ a - a *• 

ny of his w:\-n i ‘-- 
it him. Ye; :r.e 
tiise of r.’- ~ 
hi 1 - :s c’i'3' ’ - ' : : 

"WTirn Vrr. “ ' 

o i.x- sing’-* 

ingle i 
d' r 



C SV. iT-- 
caret r as j ■ 

5: tor raeiue.- • 
on she !•"■* * ■ . 

. has - 

fas! Arrirar - ' 

:: for wr: ; ." . 

Lil.'l* l) 


sucetro.'v..- • . . .. 

a the r-’—. ■ ..... 

• y 

iv -Cd - j 

vvr< ■: .. -"t. 


. h* rai>j- • ■ -■* . 

as a ‘-■4- 






*T if[ r ' 1 who 14 »VBrthy Id 

soman itw uvod (ronmnw 

Psalm IS : S 


' On November asm, at 
■ v— w Ma ys Hospital lo Wendy 
j V •:*«* a son. Taytan Buchanan. 
:"if8 fo fc*. - On £6m November, to 
. ■ i Tessa, wife of Andrew dr la Rue. a 

'• DH^tEV- On November 27m. to Cedar 
Cnee Ruswu-smllh) and Jonathan, a 
toPgh rcr- Pandora Olivia. 
GRROLL-Gm November Z5. to Isabelle 
.Cnee AsWli and Merlin, a daucjtiier 
> Lady Amrua Hay. 
tEUCTAGE - On 26 November, lo John 
and AiUson. a daughter. Sophie 
Geo rgina Loufee. 

fiUHRBT - On November 21 m to Su- 
• an Cm TmUon-Coiung) and 
a daughter ^Georgina Mar- 
fliw M yra) a sWer for William. 

• ' O* 1 22nd November 

■ 1986 In Switzertana. to Cnrisiabel 
{abe Hall! and Richard, a son. Simon 
Hobson, a brother for Rebecca. 

0OWSON . on November 27, to Jane 
-Cafe Talbot WIUcokj and Michael a 
danghier. a sister far Tom and 

ttfCHES-NALLETT - On Novoobs- 
_v 33rd. at the Westminster Hospital lo 
. - juHrt an a Thomas, a daogtKer. 
JU-FRETS - on November 28th. to 
. Anna amt Chrtstopher. a daughter. 
Alice Mary. 

» ROUSE - On November 26th. at 
.-■pentbury Hoepnau lo Juilei amt 
' Douglas a daughter. Katherine May. 
•. a sfe tec for George. 

-- . SPRY-LEVERTON . On November 
34th. ai the Hammersmith Honrital. 
London W 12 . to Tessa (nle Pullan) 
.- and Harry, a son. James Henry. 
THORNTON . On November 27th. to 
"NoWle and Tim. a son. Oliver An- 
•“ drew Robert, a brother for 
. Alexander. Edward and Kratlna. 
i .WARD ■ On November 27th. »o Katrina 
(nee Kent) and Winiam. a daughter, 
y : Harriet Kate, a s taler for Rebecca. 

i SENNET ■ On Wednesday 26th No- 
vember 1986. at The Rutherford 
Morfcon Nursing Home. North Ber- 
wick. Constance Ctare. widow of the 
tale 7he Honourable George wtiUam 
BesuieL Service In Polwarth Kirk 
Greenlaw at 12 noon on Wednesday 
December 3rd 1986. Cremation 
-- tbereafler at Warrtston Cremalort- 
n m. Ed lidmrgh. 

CAYLEY . On November 37th. at 
'Srompton HospltaL Chelsea. Hugh, 
son of the late Bernard and Mary 
t Cayley and brother of Agnes Roper 
:.(nfe Cayley) and much loved by all 
as tincie*. Funeral Service ax Si 

■ ’■ Mary's church. Fe inham. Surrey on 
— December 3. followed by private 
;■ burial. Flowers lo Ashton Funeral 
'-Service. Alexandra Road. London 
. -SW19. 

DAVIS - On November 26th. peaceful- 
ly. Joyce Grenville. Funeral Creal 
Sbelford Church. Wednesday 3rd 
. December 3.45 pm. No nowem. but 
donations may be sent to Akteburgh 
Foundation. Aldebuiyh. Suffolk 
IP15 6AX. 

FISHER > On Thursday November 
27th 1986. at Oxford. Frank (Francis 
. Ftonpanj Fisher. GBX.. M.Cl Second 
jotof the late Geoffrey. Archbishop 
Of Canterbury and Rosamond Fisher. 
Formerly Warden of SL Edwards 
. School. Oxford and Master of Wel- 
lington College. Funeral af SL 
Edwards on Thursday 4th December 
1986 at 2 pm. Please, no flowers. 
Donations. If wished, lo Sir Michael 
SobeJI House. Oxford or NaUonal So- 
cteiy for Cancer Reifef. Details of 
Memorial services will be announced 
later. ’ 

HOPE - On Friday 28Ui November, 
peacefully at home after a long ill- 
5**- Rp? 1 :. "UK* loved wife or Sir 
Archibald Hope BL. of &atghall and 
mother of John and Charles. Service 
at All Saints Church. SomerfonL 
Kttmesjon Wednesday 3rd Decem- 
ber at 2m Family flowers only. 

HOTSLEY - On 27th November, at 
Frenchay HospUaL Bristol, after an 
fflncss courageously borne. Muriel 
Maud, beloved mother of Sara and 
Mark. FUnerai service at Holy Trin- 
ity Church. Doynlcn. Bristol 
Wednesday December 3rd at 3pm. 
Donations to imperial cancer Re- 
search Fund or dowers lo Roy 
Freddy Funeral Directors. 
MangotsfleM. Bristol. 

J AC* - On November Z7th 1966. at 
home. Ruben Gardner, aged 65 
^«lyr. Cardiff. Funeral 
"Thwnhin Crem^orium. Cardiff on 
Thwrsday 4th December at 2.40 pm. 
No Rowans. dOaaOaRs to Brttfsft 
Heart Foundation. 

HNfiSTON > On November 27 1986. 
Hilary EUsabeth Kingston of Bognor 
Regis, daughter of (ha late Leonard 
and Mabel and sister of Anttwa. Fu- 
neral service at St Marys Church 
Fetpham. Bognor Regia on Thursday 
December 4U> at 12.4& pm. Flowers 
or donations for tmpertal Cancer Re- 
search may be sent lo F A Holland & 
Son. 30/37 upper Bognor Rd. 
Bognor Re* Tel (0243) 827311. 

NEARY - On November 28th. to hospi- 
tal M Reading, the Reverend Father 
Edward Neary of Henley -on 
Thames, toother of Francis and 
eldest son or the late Mr and Mrs 
Neary of Hanley. Stoke-on- Trent. 
Funeral Service at The Sacred Heart 
Church. Vicarage Road. Henley at 
il-3o am on Thursday December 
4th. followed by private interment at 

FNHl - On November 27th. Margaret 
Cteety (nfr Harstoo or Newark). En- 
muries to McCanum and Trttton 
FUnerai Directors 051 931 2002. 

RONAUSON - On 24 Ih November. 
Alan Stuart Miner retired 
Housemaster and Head of History at 
Fetsted School. Much loved husband 
of Marlon, father of Mardoe and 
Bruce. Memorial Service on 24th 
January at 3 pm In Feist ed School 
ChapeL Donations to British Heart 

M . ELM AN - On Tuesday November 
25th 1986. suddenly. Graham John, 
aged 60 years, brother of Basil and 
Keith and rather of Sarah. Adam. 
Grant and Melanie and whose cheer- 
lul presence mtd stemottamy will be 
greatly missed by his family, mends 
and colleagues. 


PALMER - A Service of Thanksgiving 
for the life of Paul Palmer. wAI be 
held on Tuesday 9th December, at 
2pm. at the Danish Church. 5 St 
Katherine's Precinct. Regents Park 
London NWI 


STRAUSS - to ever-loving memory of 
Captain Cyril Anthony Strmw. 60th 
Rifles, holder of Polish Cross of Val- 
our rroBniU. Burled Military 
Cemetery. AssisL Italy. December 1st 


MfiMAW - Hilda Emma. h> oraiefol 
memory of tny wonderful mother 
who died 1st December 1982. So 
Very sadly missed Joan Ernestine. 




A special mreUne of Convocation will 
Or held on Wrdnetday. lO December 
1986. at 2 JO pm. in me King--. Hdl. 
the Anmtranp Bunding. Queen vic- 
toria Road, Newcastle upon Tyne, to 
consider formal changes to certain 

H would be hctafol If members af Con- 
vocation would advise the RegHiar 
fCcewocauon) If they wish lo attend 
the meeting. 

Agenda lor the mcttnig win be ovuH- 
aMe iron me Reobirar iCom-oraueni. 
6 KenstngtHi TYrrare. Newcastle 
ism Tyne. NEI 7RU. altar l Detent 
aer 1986. 

D.E.T. Nichobon 
NovenWer l9Se> 

Standard Form of BuHdino CoMran to 
BSmsad lo aiuiountr oun Ks constOucta 
bodlea haw re ap p oi nte d Mr Fable*. H. 

Beery. RIBA, as chairman for w lurtlwr 
3 year period, with rHrd Irom January. 
1987. Hi new of me JOT'S tnrrcesing 
wo rn loud. Itw Tribunal has storied Mr. 
Miebeai Mrewood tcnuO aa Its flni Vice. 

THE BtSttOP OF LOHDOM the right Rnd 
Graham Leonard win De signing hto tat- 
on boon ■ LIFE IN CHRIST ’ (Mowbrova 
paper ES.SOl cm Tumdoy December 2nd 
Iroai 1 46 lo 0.46pm ai Mowbrays Boob 
Shop. 28 Margaret sum. (nr oxtont 
Onus ) London wi . wnir or wephone 
( 01-680 0810 ) to reserve copies it you 
can not come. 

ALL EX-PUMU1 Of Btalmre HaUMd curb 
School (previously HaUlctd Olrto Omv 
mar School), pb-aar wnlr lo Mrs. Press 
urgently, or pboor HaUleW 78331 

Eon or Antony Whiuuer at a maBer of 
urgency 01-686 1709 or 01-625 98G6 

LADY Ming Mang WoodpUr died 
17/11786. Huoiiy nunnna. sweetie. 
Lady Jo Jo woodpne. Vice Pope Erie. 
Mania. Barbara. Miranda. Michael and 

Newman for otHatntno hb LLM. Line 
from h» mottwr Maureen. Tom. Ash- 
ley. Laura and Oivo 


for note ISOri RininolSiJanQ'. For 
availability leleWioite 01-960 4859. 

FAUL/SARAM ChrMnun love and 
Iboughto Helen's Engaged- Yours 
Ruin/ Marie. 



MAramimbeMdifi!) natural com tiles. 
Extmnety hard wpartng me ImkI mon> 
ey can nuy Ca.95 per sg yd + vat 
Mnakalon vrjvri poe carpel 14 Ham 
CLkairv Rum m uaoeruv 10 ’ wide 

from stock 7 year wear guarantee tor 
home or otllte Cl 75 per m yd * vjL 
Plus Die Ivom selection of pjau car- 
peting m London. 

207 HavffUDCt Hitt 
Hampstead nw a SW6 


Free Caumala-Ebtpert FitUng 

The Second Annual 


Roval HortK idliiral 
(Ad HtMl. Vincent sa. SW1 
4th - 781 DCCZMBEJl 
ThurrSat lUm 7 50i*o 
Sunday 1 lam-asm 
AdRduMn £1.50 

Penman Anooues Fan 
Ol 828 2574/04447 2S14 



IDO'S of new A 2nd hand UaridMi A 
Grand Pianos tor sale. A mooe hire 
with opportunity to purause plan 
from only Kiotxn 


Ateany SL NWI 
Ol 935 8682 
AnWriv Puce SEIB 
01 8Sd 4S17 



F IS HED EXAMS? Taking a 'gap vW7 
Join our 6 week winter course in Italy. 
Tel AM Hlawy Abroad. Ol 244 8164. 

Science report 

Diabetes link ‘mainly 
through male line ■ 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

Men with diabetes are more before ihe introduction of in- 
likely to pass on die disorder to sutin therapy) persist at such a 
their children than aflecied high level in the population? 

' mothers. The life-threatening effects 

The reason for ibis “preferen- come from damage done lo 
flat transmission" of the illness organs beca use o f the inability 
via the male is described in a or the pancreas to generate 
report in The TVrw England insulin to use up sugar. 

Journal of Medicine. The investigation by Dr 

la addition, the doctors who Vadheim’s group included 
did the research suggest thai the analyses of the molecules which 
findings also explain why the form ifcc histocompatibility, 
nigh risk genes, which are HLA, complex of each 
responsible for the disease, per- individual, 
sist in the population despite the ^ HLA complex is peibaps 
strong .£****“£, Pi better known in connection with 

natural selection that wtdd be tmnsplamation. ft is the 

expected to worit against .them, 0 f die immune system 

- r 0re iJS. e which recognizes foreign tissue, 

insulin therapy, moa diabetus stimulating the body’s defence 
would have died before mechanism to reject a graft or 
reproducing, with a resulting 

elimination of the responsible There are scores of molecules 
gene from the population, comprising the HLA system, 
according to theory. and the combination for each 

The circumstances wnicn ^dividual is as distinct as a 
make ihe father more likely to fingerprint. And ii is determined 
pass on the gene, or genes, ^ die person’s genes, 
responsible for diabetes was J E > r Vadheim’s analyses higb- 
reveaied from a study ot i~> y-jj^d one of ibe molecules of 
families, ft began m 1978 by a the hla complex belonging to a 
team working with Dr tjon- group known as the D-related 
stance Vadheim, a medical 
geneticist at the Cedars-Sinai 
Medical Centre in Los Angeles, 
and at the University of Califor- 
nia School of Medicine at Los 
Angeles. . , 

Each family had at least one 
member i' ho’was dependent on 
insulin io control diabetes. AU 
the families were identified 
through having one or more 
'children with the illness. Di- 
abetes is known to run in 
families, and recent research has 
suggested the type of 
characteristic that could lead to 
the insulin-deficiency which 
the condition. 

' The question Dr Vadheim s 
group asked was: how could a 
gene or genes with such a 
deleterious effect (particularly 

■ smM 

WOOD . Hockiy Frederick, imornmn 
wood. HHdter at Yurt Plate. 
Walworth, who died (a Ow 1840's. 
Would any desceodanl kindly contact 
nnr? Ian AnsnHMr. BorUvington 
Farm. Detworth. Sussex. 

U WANTED Large Vic wardrobes, 
dun. txtmSng labids. 

OeatoJxMlCCTWo. bm ra > ri &oUpa!mln83 

efc.Oi 946 7683 day. 01 7890471. eves. 
JEWELLERY. Gold. Sdver; Dtrmcvto ur- 
gently wanted. Tot trices wiRlams. 43 
Lambs Oonouu si wci. oi «05 assa. 
WANTED Bernard Leach Ooftety Sy p«- 
volr coOecMT Top pricn paid. No 
dealers. 01-992 7985 
WANTED Edwardian. Victorian and an 
painted furniture. Mr Ashton 01 947 
6946. 667-669 GamKt Ume. Eartsfleld. 

CLAfKAH JUHCTIQR. Prof, rtetferm di 
lux mu. transport a door. JE200 Kn. 
T« 01-629 8292 (Work) 

CLAPKAMFK- 3rd ttcriy prof. Q/R. ten*? 
lux Hit- N/Sl £40pw. Te) 01 674 47 89 
after 6.V)gm. 

CLAE8AM COMMON Slngte room te mod 
house, share K and B EfiOow Inclusive 
Ol 874 2897 roomtnev evening* 

covorr OAROCtt pnt person, to share 
tefor. nmftoOhteflaL own mom. £280 
pent. T*L 01 836 6481. 

EAUHG Prof. Of R- £1 as pan 
earl. 10 r 1 ™ Broa dway. OCH. 

Cad Oi 840 3726 oraunga. 

EDCWAKj F. O/R. large bouse, as teem- 
tot. 8 nunc tube and aft. H/S. £S0 aw 
tnc Tel: oi -son «4 asr 

FULHAM, raff to share garden maison- 
ette O/R. C190PCM + deposit. OI 751 
4543 alter 7pm. 

FULHAM - To let own room IK twety 
houw. Prof. F. 254. E69PW. Tel: 385- 
9918 68pm. 

FULHAM SW& Own dM bedroom near 
rutnam awMr tube- OCH. N/SL 
£200 pan eccL3B5 1381 UHr6J0pm. 

aose io rone. ,£161.60 pan exsL Tel. oi 
794 4957 evaatog*. 

KEKSOfOntMf Dted-o-terre. Single mm tn 
civuaea mixed flat ICiEOpera. Phone 
570 6169. 68pm oab. 

MNQSTOH Prttf Penan to share lodge. 
□vn««rii imns. £46 pw exd. 01 SSI 
1 593 ext. 3888 (day). Ol 649 7lOS level 

NW2 Ctrl, own room n luxury llal TV. 
CH. Video. Communal gardens £46 pw 
T«: 01 461 8041. 

WD4-TTME. Prof ooupte Sunertj suUe 
/ own «aHi In oicrt large mod. period 
house. OCH. £60 pw. Trt 720-8921 

Mucnroo M p/4 md M riles reoulrti o/r 
iMUMe/m u> London. 94 VVesHake Gam 

SOUTH DUUMKN - 3rd person lo share 
new. baht. BtoOQMS nae. O/R, garden. 
£40 pw cxei. Ten 669 1687 after 7pm. 

5TRCATHAM PCO( F.2le. Ige O/R tn Ige, 
CH nousc/gartten- br 3 nuns, cuy 20 
mlnv £140 pm rxd. Tel. Ol 769 5866. 

WI £80 pw Very large room tn towny 
large IUL dose to Victoria Tel Oi 828 

WEST KENSMGTOH. M/f. o/r. newly 
converted flaL an amenl IMs. £GS pw not 
tncl ohone 01402 0280 after SOOpnt. 

WIMBLEDON. Prof non anoklnfl M/F U 
uure 4 bod Houw. AH mod cons. 
£160pcm. Tel 637 9111 ext 3388. 

S.W4 Prof. ML soane aitfec rut. O/R. 
£.166 nan. Ol 671 4877 un 8 OJKU 


AVAILABLE NOW Luxury oats & hows 
£200 - £1.000 per week. Tel; Burgess 
581 5136. 

F YOU ABE needing lor tatnngl a flnr- 
n tstied home in London, the agents u> 
call are Hunlen: 837 7366. 

KENSMGTOH Immaculate period studio 
with high ceilings sen kli and batn. Kiao 
nw. Goddard A Smith. Ol 930 7321. 

KL TOWER BUI BE Luxury 2 bed (ML 
over looking the water, nr tube. £150 
pur. Tef Ol 266 0427. Pm or w/end. 

FULHAM Nr Bteh ops Park newly decorM- 

rd t bad del. Quiet, nr shops. Long let. 
avaUbte now. Elio pw, 01-731 6604 
Monday A Wednenday or 948-3477. 



BECKSTUN 6 It Grand. Maddam Instru- 
ment and Iwdim w Hew of lunumre. 
£3000. Tel 0202 692790 IDOTWO. 

In particular, they found that 
fathers with a molecule labelled 
as DR4 were more likely , to 
transmit the gene for producing 
that same molecule in Their 
offspring, diabetic or - noir-di- 
abetic children, than were their 
mothers, who also produced 

OK 4 ' . ■ B 

No differences were observed 
between the parents and the 
t rans mission to their children of 
other genetic characteristics that 
might explain why the cells in 
the pancreas, known as the Islets 
of Langerh ans, sometimes fail to 
secrete insulin. 

Source; The /few England Jour- 
nal of Medicine, Vol 315, pl314- 
1318, 1986. 

W 1.12.86: M G R 

wato. 1 . 118 “ 
km m to r 


Together we cut belt SL 

We fund over one therd of aO 
research b no due prevention nd 

core of oncer in the UK. 

Help « by sending a domrioa 
or make a legacy ten 

BETHNAL GREEN - Own room N/k; F*-. 
mate 26 *. CCH. Cteaner. all radHUM. 6 
mfns. fuhe. 2 stop* to Bank. £43 pw tor. 
rif tel. Tet 01- 990-8062. Alter 6 p.m. 

BETHNAL GHEEM Own room, non Hook- 
er. femate bo*. OCH. Cfeaner. All 
lacmueft. 6 mins tube (2 slops Bank). 
£43 pw Inc. Ol 980 8062 after 6pm. 

EW17- n/s m/f »> riiara c/h Bm. Ownrm. 
10 mm lu«». £150 pm ed. OI 767 
6426 IN6 

W KENSINCTC*I 4th frmate wanted to 
share-2 bedroom naL Ctaw to lube. £38 
pw nd. Trt. Ol 386 9749 alter 6 POL 

PDSUncK v bp* d bed in hone, 
oulet arra nr smdon and river. 
2 n sharing prefened. £180 
pem Inc. Ol 994 8042 

PARSON'S SHEEN. Large <Wte room to 
very pleasani 2 bed garden flat 2 mi*i 
from New King 1 * Rd CH ♦ own pbone. 
£75 pw. Can Chant* on Ol 736 6609 

FLATMATES Srtecnvr Sharing. Wen 
euab imnxturtory service Ptoe lei lor 
an pi' 01-589 M91. 313 Brampton 
Road. SW3 

OLD BnOMPnw RD- Luxury flaMure 
lor prof P 125-301. O/R. all amena. T V / 
video / washer / dryer eic. £260 pan 
tad. Phone: Oi 727 6046 tow r S pm. 

QUEENS DATE SWT Young prof, lodjwe 
large CH flaL dose to Albert Had- O/tr. 
£56 00 per week, exclusive. Tel: Ol 689 
4199 tour 630. 

SIOMK SQUARE 2 mins. Professional 
mate/frmalr mmuvd IW hngii to- 
dous room In uunrriotnly fwidslted Hal 
£75 PCT week Tel ^31 730 7013 

WANDSWORTH Nr. station ahd common. 
O/R insjacWisiiewiyiKe.lw.dlOTe 

mnes Plus gdn £2 25pm tad. TeJ Oi 673 

• 25*9 eves 

BAKES ST. WI. Prof m/f to share to* 
ne. O/r. all mod con*. £230 pan. Td 
to 576 9999. eves 723 6490. 

BATTERSEA mateonrtte. Urge Bedroom: 
single £48pw or S snarers SLSDpw excL 
TrtOl 630 901 1 or Ol 228 2563 

WI -2 rab» Oxford 8L DrthPdful large 2 
room balcony naL large ml ever look- 
ing ganlan ware. CH. tody torn. £176 
gw. TefcOI 936 3393. 

ronwi swa. Good location, bright 
lum dMe bed tod to conv. reoeu. ML 
hath wfib Utawer. *wffl now. Co Let O- 
lily- £170 p.w on F.W.Gapp 221 8836- 

F W (MiW (ManaaenWSarvWi Ud 

autre propnRes In OentraL Soulft and 
West London Areas lor wafting appli- 
cants trt OI 221 8B38. 

t MWHIM MWE Short let or u» to 3 
nonim .or beautiful 2 betteoomed 
.Lowndes Square flat Excellent value. 
£3S0gw. Ol 602 5436. 

ST JOHNS WOOD 600 yards American 
School. Ultra modem. Unfunt wlUicom- 
olrtr bitched. carpets. curtains. 
Entrance HaU. 5 Lor DMe Bads. 3 en- 
■uUe Baths. OMkk Ullra modem 
unmanitale Kn. 2 talercoiu Rees 
35714'. Parking. £460pw. 499 9981. 
Eves 870 4703 m. 

HAMPSTEAD BABOCMS. Suburb pretty 3 
badroomed cottage, lounge/ dtntag. IW 
twOi. washing machine, central heerttag. 
£196 pw. Tef: 01-455 0769. 

KEWHCTW Jr Surrounding arras. 
WMe consunUy changing coOectMo of 
funushod flats 4- houses on ow cinreni 
list. Ben ham 6 Reeves 936 3622. 

KENSBWTON Charming oriotaM arttsCs 
Studio in period bibUtao. High Ceumgv 
Good Storage. Sep KU 6 Bath. £I36trw. 
Benhanv & Reeves 938 5522. 

MAHM VALE W» Lovely 1 bed m in P/B 
Mk. Lin. purser, aa new. menace at 
£140 p w. inc HW. Gome Apts Ol 936 


Baugh lo MOD 
- holl >0 MOD 
McLaren 10 

rrs common... 

Over 100^ people la tie UiArdEnKdamnrffers 


One death bni » due to a Sfroteor tu cob 


pT Hih tf n- ii i h 'rT^TW 

I V * vi.yip!jbtgi 

r I '^ aL \ \' i i| | ’ | l i jR?.T1 


Ahoota hrif of all Strokes wM be pw*aM«l 


P i eve n lino sad r c h nhiM taUavi peed fwujtdijpaily. 

»: 1 1 i'l J] 1 


w McLaren 

'8'McMKkU Stott NSrnwftotl. 5-I2J6- 

i - 4gTl4-.kto 


Remember Stroke Victims Pkese 

rZept-fiwd GSaniy ,1a SlfO/5 

To TV Chew. Heart aad Stria JUvxiLUoa . Ibviuaeh HtoteNnnli. 
TbmMtiiSqwu4.UaM!MWClH9JETUepliiaie:D> > 38728t- 

|^l ff ..ite»i!niarartil , Jlt >l«i»i lil<Ar f i«|i rt lU~ — 

n—ni^CWdArc^Swlriend I'l l II 71 M I I M LLX 






3 bathrooms, tacben 
{ribald fonushl. EltmW per week. 


Lowth KrmbcbndB! house ugm 4 
double bedrooms, 2/3 rcccptiODS. 
utriwi gad bathroom. Garden. 
£850.00 per week. 




Spacious unfurnished flat being 
redecorated with 4 bedrooms. 2 
recepbons. 2 buhrooms, tatge khchen. 
CH ioduded. (will firroish) 
£700.00 per week. 


Newty decora led (unity boose with 4 
bedrooms. 2 good receptions. 

2 bathrooms, kitchen. 

£750.00 per week. 


Enchamine mews house with 3 
bedrooms. 2 receptions. 2 bathrooms, 
tildKXL Pretty eanJen a ad posnbrluy 
of garage. £700.00 per week. 


Modem unfjrnxvbed metw bouse in 
Hirta i hxaxion with Ushi eood sized 
rooms with 4 bedrooms, rec ep tion. 2 
bathroomi. kitchen, 2 terraces. 
Garage. ££OOAO per week. 


Pretty end of mem house with 3 
bedrooms. dotsHe nxcpmn. 

2 bathrooms, kitchen. Patio 
(will consider short leas). 

£550.00 per week. 




Very modern 1st Door flat with 2 
bedrooms. 2 receptions, 2 bathrooms, 
kitchen. £400.00 per week. 




Brand new flai decanted to a very 
high standard with 2 bedrooms, 
reception, bathroom and kjtcben. 
Balcony. £375.00 per week 

S .W.1. . . 

Vety snesoos maisoneue decorated 
with great imagination with 3 
b e d roo ms , te ta w ti on. 2 bathrooms and 
latebeo. E375J10 per week. 

S.W.7. - 

Really conveniently sitoaied 
comfortable flat opening onto large 
paiio with 2 bedrooms, recepoon. 
kitchen and bathroom. Some matd 
service. Short lets by arrancemaiL 
£30000 per week. 

W.14. _ 

Spadons ground floor flat in good 
order with 2 bedrooms, tame 
uhrooms. Idlcnen. 




Soper mieitoh designed newtor 
refutfttaiied «ot floor oaL 3 beefcuam 
Ba m rn m t ! Qhower Roorae Ctoakroam: 
Rocepdcn Room: tfficbe&'Uft Portar- 
ag»- Avadable now fora R»gl«- 
£600.00 p-W. Neg. Inc. CH/CHW. 


Modertv Immaculate 2nd floor luatooa- 
ene. 2 Bethooms: BattvoMU Rcmptton 

rksk raty FWed KitdKA- Avaftrtde 
now for a bog M. J33M0 p.w. 
01-724 3100. 

ft you bane duality property 
to let ten us. 

Expert profesatoml service. 

270 Earts Court Read. SW6 
01-244 7353 

Stoane Square London Shurt/Umo 
lets. Elegant new serviced studios 
& 1/2 bedroom Oats dcae to 
Harrods. From £36 per day (Dr 
1/2 persons, tnc private radmfcs 
and services. 

01 997 6497 
or 996 6871 anytlnte 

BEAUFORT ST SWIO. Smart- comfort- 
able in floor ton. i ige rocept wtm aMe 
glaring, doubte bed with bam on Ulc. 
cu Ml. Avail CO tet 6 mantra +. £200 
pw. Geo. JratoL Ol 361 0821. 



★★1ST CLASS** 




* J0DU88 


* HJI 








* * M ELBOU RNE * 

* * BRB8ANE * 

* * AOBAOE* 

* * S AFRICA ★ 

* * WUJW3TIW* 


* * TOKYO * 

* * MAMLA * 

* * BAHRAIN * 


* * HARARE * 


* + MUM * 


xcMian. 2 bathrooms. 

S.W.1: . 

Pemy firat Ooch- flat with one 
bedroom, iceepuon. kitchen iand 
bathroom. Paito. Available for 5 
roombs. £25000 per week. 

KCWCARDOtS roirt. 5 bed family house 
with ganten. Family £200 per week or 
Uurtng caO Of>/ me. Trt: Ol 749 1962 . 

UMO/tHOm- LETS for a tateritan of 
lumwy properBe*. 1-6 Bacto FTom 
£2fi0pw. Berkeley Eatato* 01-936 B989. 

BT JAMES' Arlington Horae. On Oran 
Park. Close RHz. Presoge 2/ 3 Ded naL 
up to 8 yr lease. No Premium. Peter 
Bucklturst h CIO. Ol 580 TOIL 

Iwe. wKUns gallery reception. .2 
oednra lacuxa Bt ttpo wmr no. Call 
Realty 01-981 0012 

WBHBLCDON. Worpte BoacL Satf-c ort- 
uiom) newly decorated, fully torntabed. 
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wYi.gTt. ' y'i a: 

1 1 M jy 1 ■ ; WS ' 

creditors of the above-named company, 
which te being wound-up uatamamy. are 
required on or before the 20 Di day of 
January 1986. to send their names, 
addresses and partmdani of their dam » 
the underrisned N J HaMBOfrSnuth of 
Latham. Cruaaey A Daws. Stanhope 
Horae, no Drury Lane. London UC 2 « 
BST. the Liquidator Of the company, or In 
default thereof they wiB be excluded from 
the benefit of any dtetribuUoci made before 

such debts are proved. 

DATED IBM 20Ui day of NouenUter 1986 

SerUoA 688 of the Companies Act. 1985. 
inal a MEETING of the creditor* of the 

aocne named Company wta b e nrtnai Die 



LONDON W26LF on Monday ny em aw 

of December 1986 U 12.00 o'etodk 
iw oui) lor the purposes provided for in 
Sections 8 09 and 890. . taa - 

OATED Ihe 20Ui day « Nmraagr^lW 


Cary Grant: The ladies’ man of Hollywood 

The infinitely urbane Cary 
Grant, who died from a stroke 
early yesterday, was cast 
alongside a galaxy of leading 
ladies during his 30 years as a 
leading box office draw (Mi- 
chael HorsoeU writes). 

Retiring from films in 1966 
with a characteristic perfor- 
mance of nnflawed elegance, 
as a man who for once did sot 
get the girl, in Walk, Don’t 
Aw, Grant left a legacy of 72 

His career gave him per- 
sonal fortune and the glory of 
playing beside an almost un- 
rivalled list of screen god- 
desses, including Mae 
Marlene Dietrich, Katharine 
Hepburn, Joan Fontaine, Gin- 
«r Rogers, Ingrid Bergman, 
Grace Kelly, Doris Day, Au- 
drey Hepburn, Marilyn Mon- 
roe and S a n wn^ g Eggar. 

Mr Geoffrey Wansefl, his 
biographer, said yesterday; 
“Cary Grant epitomized the 
golden days of Hollywood 
where glamour and style 
mattered almost more than 
reality. No one captared the 
nonchaiaiit, effortless charm 
of the tall, dark and handsome 
matinee Idol as wefi as he did. 
The only problem was that he 
paid a perilous price for that 
celebrity, entombed in legend 
he had so carefirily created.” 

Mr Leslie HaDiwell, dm 
film historian, said; “He 
established with Mae 

West He was the man to 
whom she originally said, 
Come up and see me some 
time.’ Yon put him in a film 
and people got in a queue to 
see ft.” 

Grant was most successful 
looking, wry, bemused and 
befuddled. “He was afro a 
great ‘married man’. He was 
very good in shows where he 
played the father of a family, 
like Room For One More 
Grant broke into films in 
1932 with Dietrich hi Blonde 
Venus. The next year She 
Done Him Wrong with Mae 
West made him a star. A ran 
of hits followed, including 
Bringing Up Baby, Holiday, 
The Philadelphia Story and 
His Girl Friday. 

There was then a gap until 
mid-career before he made 
several significant films, indn- 
Hitebcock’s Suspicion 
Miss Fontaine and 

HGs later successes included 
To Catch a Thief with Grace 
Kelly in 1955. 

In the last of these. Grant, 
who was married five times, 
was said to be concealing the 
arrival of his seventh decade 
by taking a shower folly 
clothed. Bat the one thing be 
need not have worried abort 
was his virtually un changin g 

As Grace Kelly, 25 years 
younger, once conceded: “Eve- 
ryone grows older, except Cary 
Grant” Obituary, page 18 

Reagan urges staff 
to ‘tell everything’ 


«, 'i- 1 .>> 

Continued from page 1 

will probably name Mr David 
Abstain*, ihe departing US 
Ambassador to Nato. He is 
described as a “pragmatic 
Republican in the 
establisment mode,” and is a 
founder of the Centre for 
Strategic and International 
Studies at Georgetown 
University in Washington. 

President Reagan, who has 
kept alent on the Contra arms 
connection, urged the country 
at the weekend not to become 
obsessed with the Iran arms 
crisis. In his weekly radio 
address, he said: “while we’ve 
been occupied with the Iran 
issue over the past two weeks, 
let’s not forget there are many 
other issues that concern us.” 

He wtari<» no further ref- 
erence to the affair, and 
concentrated for the rest of his 
talk on economic issues. But 
in a harshly worded reply for 
the Democrats, Senator Dan- 
iel Patrick Moynihan urged 
President Reagan to “clean 
house,” and cast out a0 the 

‘Your presidency. Sir, is 
tottering,” Senator Moynihan 
said, “it can be saved, bat only 
you can save it and only if you 
wiQ talk with us, the congress. 
Washington is awash with 
rumour, intrigue, treachery.” 

The New York senator said 
Mr Reagan could not know on 
his ranch how bad it was, as he 
had never been through such a 
thing. But it was “deeply 
dangerous.” There was not yet 
a constitutional or inter- 
national crisis, but both could 
come he acted now. 

Referring to the Watergate 
crisis, Mr Moynihan said: 
“This nation does not want 
and does not need another 
destroyed presidency. And so 
1 plead, Mr President, clean 
house, out with all the facts, 
out with all the malefactors .” 

Meanwhile, pressure is 
building up on other officials 

to speak out Vice-President 

Bush's connections with the 
Central Intelligence Agency’s 
role in Nicaragua are coming 
under increasing scrutiny, and 
Mr Bush has indicated he will 
make a formal statement. 

When asked recently by 
television reporters if he 
played any pan in the Contra 
connection, be said only: “No - 
role in it,” and refused further 

Calls are also growing for 
Mr Donald regan, the unpopu- 
lar White House chief of staff, 
to resign. 

The Senate Intelligence 
Committee begins its own 
hearings into the affair today 
Senator David Durenberger, 
the Republican chairman, said 
“a lot of people” in the 
Administration knew about 
the dealings with Iran, many 
more than acknowledged be- 

• ATLANTA: Mr Neil 
Kinnock, the Labour Party 
leader, yesterday called the 
supply of arms to Iran “an 
eccentric act” saying that 
Britain had been taken aback 
that there could have been any 
contact with a regime re- 
nowned for its cruelty and 
atrocities (Robin Oakley 

His first wife: Vh 
Cherrill, married in 1#54. 

Second: Barbara Huttos, 
married in 1942. 

Third: Betsy Drake, married 
in 1949. 

Fomth: Dyan Cannon, mar- 
ried in 1967. 

Fifth: Barbara Harris, 
who survives him. 

Wright’s secret letters 
‘were not destroyed’ 

Continued from page 1 
were supposed to be confi- 
dential,” Mr Pincher said 

Many of the tetters and 
cables, however, were angry 
demands for more money 
from the 50 percent share-out 
of the royalties from Thar 
Trade Is Treachery for which 
Mr Wright was the major 

On one occasion he said he 
as so desperate for money 
that the publishers sent him a 
cheque for £3,000 out of 
serialisation payments re- 
ceived from an Italian newsp- 

Altogether, Mr Wright re- 
ceived about £40,000 as his 
share from the royalties. The 
money was paid by the 
publishers, Sidgwick & Jack- 
son, into a special company 
which had been set up by Lord 

In one letter to Mr Wright, 

Today’s events 


Mr Pincher explained why he 
personally could not arrange 
for him to receive more 

He wrote: “I’ve never had 
anything to do with the pay- 
ments save for expediting 
them. Under the arrangement 
made by our friend, every- 
thing has to be split 5D-50, 
otherwise there would be in- 
superable tax problems.” 

In the court case in New 
South Wales, the main argu- 
ment of Mr Malcolm 
Turnbull, the defence counsel, 
is that the government has not 
been consistent in the way it 
has deah with Mr PincheTs 
book and now Mr Wright’s 

# Mr Neil Kinnock, Labour 

leader, is prepared to cut short 

his week-long trip to the USA 
and fly back to Britain if tfae 
political row over the banning 
of the book should intensify 
during the next few days. 

of Edinburgh, as 

president, attends a dinner and 
presents the 1986 Albert Medal 
at the Royal Society of Arts, 
John Adam Street. 7.25. 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother attends a reception, in 
aid of tfae Aldebmgh Founda- 
tion, at St James's Palace, 6.45. 

The Prince ofWales opens the 
new Sports Hall at Monmbatten 
School, Romsey, Hamr" 1 
10, and the new Ocean 

Studios at Segensworth West, 
Farehazn, f 1.30, and in the 
evening, as Patron of the British 
Film Institute, accompanied by 
the Princess of Wales, attends 
the premiere of Labyrinth, in 
aid of the Museum of the 
Moving Image, at the Odeon, 
Leicester Square, 8. 

The Princess of Wales joins 
the Archbishop of Canterbury 
and local schoolchildren for a 
carol service in Canterbury 
Cathedral. 2.10. 

Princess Anne, President of 
the Royal Agricultural Society 
of England, attends the Cooper 
Dinner at Claridge’s hotel 8.00. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,217 


] A bitier’s sent back by cer- 
tain groups (6). 

4 Produce notes about the 
choice of water sport (8). 

10 The chorus don't! (Ti- 
ll Managed to return to class 
and report (7). 

12 New building is, repeat is. a 
cake-shop ( 1 ). 

13 Autograph the writing on 
the waif? (4). 

15 49 + 51 — a hundred — it's 
wrong! (7). 

17 A stiff climb for the first 
mate and others (7). 

19 “Language is called the — of 
thought.” (Carlyle) (7). 

21 The serving m* needing 
large flask (7). 

23 Calculated project (4). 

24 May be meaner, true, yet 
offer some payment (10). 

27 Edge back accompanied by 
a heroine (71 

28 Check out of a colliery (7). 

29 Forms or settles (8). 

30 Set back one's vacation? (61- 


1 Youth wanted to skin fish 

2 Denying getting engineer to 
sort out fault if). 

3 Poles pretended to follow 
craft back - or did (10). 

5 Controlled study can net re- 
sults (9). 

6 A game bird (4). 

7 Fancy going around in an 
imitation! (7). 

8 Colour, being inexperienced 

9 Supported by the Church at 
one time (4). 

14 Bring down the rate (10). 

16 Chum parking time before 
work starts (5-4). 

18 Free test — sales weak (9). 

20 The beak making a stand 
(V : 

22 Tribal doctor given some- 
thing to eat (7). 

23 Funny business with pests 
not finished (5). 

25 Person exercising requires 
some house-room (4). 

26 A French party which has to 
be open (4). 

The solution 
of Saturday's 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,216 
will appear 
next Saturday 

Coarise Crossword page 14 

The Duke of Gloucester at- 
tends the Plumbers' Company 
centenary luncheon at the 
House of Commons. 12.35. 

The Duke of Kent, as patron 
of the Tree Council, plants a tree 
at Runnymede during National 
Tree Week, 235. 

New exhibitions 

Figurative and abstract oil 
paintings, drawings and 
gouaches by Alexander Lowery, 
Vanessa Gardiner and Fran- 
cesca Lowery; The Pine Gallery, 
Goodsiation Rd. Tunbridge 
Wells: Mon to Sat 9-30 to 5.30 
(ends Dec 11). 

Paintings by John Bratby 
; (from 1950); Cleveland Gallery, 
Bath; Mon to Sun 10 to 5.30 
(ends Dec 13). 


Concert by the Danish Radio 
Symphony Orchestra, conduc- 
tor Lambeno Garde! It*, Si 
David’s Hall, Cardiff. 730. 

The Orchestra da Camera, 
with Michael Collins, BBC 
Young Musician of the Year; 
University Chapel, Eeele 
University 8. 

The Cambridge Mustek with 
singers Peter and Susan Grin on; 
Christ Church Cathedral, Ox- 
ford: S. 


The targeting of anti-cancer 
agents with monoclonal anti- 
bodies; Dr M. J. Embleton of 
Nottingham University Scar- 
borough Lecture Theatre, Dur- 
ham University, South Rd, 
Durham; 5.15. 

Communication: The good 
news and the bad news: by Alan 
Gayton; Art Gallery. The Mu- 
seum, New Walk, Leicester, 
8 . 00 . 

Nature notes 

Birch trees are full of birds 
feeding on the seeds: bullfinches 
lean forward gravely to get at the 
catkins, while house sparrows 
approach them more acrobati- 
cally, or hover for a moment to 
reach them. 

Wintering fieldfares from 
Scandanavia have now spread 
through most of Britain: when 
they are uneasy they sit in tfae 
Uectops making a loud chatter- 
ing cafi, shivering their feathers 
each lime they open their beaks. 

In the misty arable fields there 
are large flocks of woodpigeons, 
lapwings and rooks. The 
woodpigeons fly away fast if 
they are disturbed; but tfae 
lapwings wheel slowly round, 
calling plaintively, with the 
silver plumage glinting under 
their heavy black wings; while 
the rooks glide nonchalantly off 
over the hedges. 

Trees are now almost bare, 
though there are still orange- 
brown leaves on the beech 

In sycamore copses, the top 
twigs click together in the wind. 
Undergrowth is still green, with 
royal and male buckler ferns in 
frill leaf, and many green bram- 
bles and nettles. A few yellow 
flowers stiD survive on boh 

On roadsides, brown hogweed 
plants are shedding their last flat 
seeds, and the grass is a dry 
lemony white. 



London and the south-east: 
A3: One lane only on Kinston 
bypass from 830 am to 330 pm 
on southbound carriageway S of 
Malden underpass. A10: Tem- 
porary lights at Cambridge Rd, 
Hertfordshire, junction with 
Cold Christmas Ln at. 
Th underidge. A3HKH Delays at 
Upper High St, Gufldfbrd, from 
9. 1 5 am to 4 pm. 

Motorways, page 5: 

The pound 

Arabia Sell 
Belgium Ft 
C anada $ 
Dflnraaifc Kr 

France Fr 

























Hoofl KangS 
Inland Pt 
Daly Urn 
Japan Ten 
Netherlands GM 
Norway Kr 

Bondi Africa Rd 
Spain Pta 
Sweden Kr 
Switzerland FT 

Yugoslavia Dor 

Raws ta* amafl de no mi n atio n bank notes 
® supptod by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and other foreign currency 

Rata? Price Index: 3804 

London: Pw FT Index dread m &2 at 

1292J2 on Friday. 

Nra Yoric The Dow Jorws industrial 
gmge dosed ep 253 at 191423 on 


























Depression moving quickly NE over N Scotland, with 
attendant frontal troughs spreading SE over the British 

n<i ftilll 1ST lilnolenil Will ka mamfvi oLuvlvr 

_ . _ _ _ wi w nwi uwiuu uuwgus spreading on, ©ver ue nnusi 

Isles. Scotland, N Ireland and IV England will be mainly cloudy with rain slowly 
turning to blustery showers. Wales and the remainder of England wili start mainly 
dry but a narrowing band of rain will spread from the NW later. Temperatures , 
“J ° e3 J r “onnaL Windy, especially in the NW, where severe gale force ^ 
M tikeiy later. Outlook for tomorrow and Wednesday: Farther rain in the 
w and N, mainly -right and dry elsewhere, becoming milder, but with overnight 
frost m sheltered southern and eastern parts. Windy. 



London Bridge 1252 

AtMRtoan 1258 

Awmno m ti 627 

Belfast 1059 

CanflfT 6.12 

Davenport 457 

Dover ia03 



HaHtnad 927 

Huh 5.19 

Mrecom tra 5.06 

Latt 127 

UWipurt 1026 

lomaWI 827 

Margate 1057 

MHairi Haven 522 
Newquay 4.14 

Oban 5.00 

Penzance 356 

Portend 0.1 B 

PortHnotfh 10.36 

Shoretaom 10.17 

SouSwivlon 1056 
Swansea 527 

Tee* 239 

WUoo-on-Hze 1057 
TUe neeaurad la BMrir 

75 156 75 

45 1241 45 

121 6.48 135 
25 1028 3.7 
121 653 125 
SlS 520 
fl.7 10L31 

54 450 
- 1255 

29 1153 

55 946 
75 550 
9.1 527 
55 156 

2.6 9.05 
45 1156 
75 5.44 

7.0 45S 

4.0 an 

5.7 4.18 
25 6-38 
45 112 
85 1043 
45 1051 

9.7 550 
55 357 
42 1127 




Births: Alexandra, Queen con- 
sort of Edward VH. Copen- 
hagen, 1844; Ernst Toller, 
dramatist and poet, Szamocin, 
Poland, 1893. 

Deaths: Lorenzo Ghiberti, 
sculptor, Florence. 1455; George 
Birkbeck, phvsictan, founder of 
the London College named after 
him, Loudon. 1841: Alfred Ma- 
han, naval historian, OuoguJL 
New York, 1914; Paul DTndy. 
composer, Paris. 1931; Samuel 
Coartanld, industrialist and art 
patron, London. 1947; Sir Peter 
Buck, anthropologist and Maori 
statesman. Honolulu. 1951; 
John Bardon Haldane, scientist, 
Bhubaneswar, India, 1964; 
David Ben-Garion, first prime 
minister of Israel, 1948-S3, 
1955-63. Tel Aviv, 1973. 

Bond winners 

Winning numbers in the 
weekly draw for Premium Bond 
prizes are: £100,000: IVB 
457346 (the winner lives in 
Tyne and Wear): £50,000: 14RS 
766785 (Norwich); £25,000: 
6TW 108382 (Norfolk). 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Advance 
Petroleum Revenue Tax Bill, 
second reading and Norfolk and 
Suffolk Broads Bill, second 

Times Portfolio Gold rule® ore as 

1 Times Portfolio Is free Purchase 
of The Times is noc a condition or 
taking part. 

2 Time® Portfolio tta comprises a 
sroup of pubHc c om panies whose 
spares are Hated fin Uw Stock 
Exchange and quoted in The Time® 
Stock Exchange prices page. The 
companies camnrtdng that Hst will 
dBmw from day to day. The Hst 
(wiucti is numbered i - 4a) te divided 
tnlo tour randomly dSMMUd group® 
of li Oharas. Every Portfolio card 
contain® two numbers from each 
orauo and each cord contains a 
unique set of numbers. 

.3 Times Portfolio ■dividend' wn be 
the figure m pence Which rent gjwj its 
the optimum movement In arms u.e. 
the larges Incre a se or lowest tom) of a 
onttHMIlon of etoM rtwo from each 
randomly distributed grow within nw 
44 shares! of the 44 shares which on 

fSKuSSS iSF roraDrl ~ ^ 71nH * 

annotSced cach dffi and* 3 tw'wrafcjy 

rw^a^r* , “ d *** 

S Times Portfolio not and detatts of 
HT naBv or weekly dividend wm also 
be. available for tnapecnan at me 
offices of The Times. 

6U Ute overall price movement of 
v*ore man ope combination Of shares 
£5*“!? UK.«Uvidend. the mw wm be 


Utrarrecuy prinleo mSKwrXESS 

B EmnUwe® .New s tntematkmal 
ok and its subsMUanes and of 
Croup Limited (producers 
and dr*trfbiupi-r of the card! or 
members of their immediate families 

KfitfouJ TVn ” 

9 An partfdDonB wtu be su2dect to 

to May and "how to claim whether 
ESpiwi In The Tlniww InTTmn 
Portfolio rards MU be deemed lo be 
pari of ifiese Rules. The Eduor 
rraerses Ihe rfflhl to “ - 

JLPv&L H*. The Taw 

i ot me 
Win be 

How to pin — D)By DtsMaod 
On each day your unique set or etc 
numbers will reoKMnl ranmnaai 

and ira iMMn ai ati55i5£uibed E tS 

wbtehwfn n aew 
on the Stock f^cchango Prices pane. 

In the cofumna pro v i d ed next to 
1™“ Wf Ih e price ch ange <+ 

£»•» TtmS^** * ****** *» 

P*^ce changes of 
your rtgtt ahares tor mat day. add uo 
an dgnt share change to dive you 
your ovoraa total Min or ttrinoa (+ or - 

Check your overall total Mamt The 

w °h outright or a share or the total 
*55 fyyty staled tor mat cay m 

below y ° Ur PrtoB ** tnstractol 

Monday ^ 
Portfolio lotaL 

record your daily 

Pramg ^^determine 

itf- totaf m atches the mushed 

riitor ashara of me prize money 

lor n«i week, and must nafw, 

your prize as instructed below. 

^ -P In Anv dlspuie. The Cdltom 
decision « riaal ana no c 
pondenev will be aHcred into. 

Voa must have your card svtth you 
when you Mcplmw. 

d? yo'SRSSS 

between the stipulated time®. 

No responsibility cat) be accepted 

wvweiw ctauna. 









Sun Rata 
fas In 












jss a 












Ja nay 
Onwn a oy 


. — 3.1 

BTwm AfepC 

Bristol (Ctrl) 


London 02 
Manchester m 
yctt-o-Tyne 52 

QiSiifCjit. ai 


Ab ai dee n - . 

Edtabratfi 05 

Eskdalemub . . 

Glasgow - 57 

Ktafaas 02 52 

Lenricfc - 20 

P rasta Hk* 02 56 

Stornow ay - .12 

Tbea - .18 

Wide - - 

Belfast 5.1 

These am y. 

"Figures not ; 

- 4 39 

- 3 37 

6 43 

7 45 

7 46 
10 50 
10 50 

9 48 

10 50 

11 52 
11 52 
10 50 

g 48 

10 so 

10 50 
9 48 
9 48 
9 48 
10 50 : 
9 48 - 
9 48 < 

10 50 1 

11 52 1 
10 50 1 
10 50 1 

5 41 ( 

8 46 1 

9 48 1 
8 48 I 

7 45 

6 43 

10 50 

7 45 

8 46 

9 48 
B 46 
5 41 

11 52 
5 41 

10 50 

8 46 


LoodMi42S (xn to 7.15 am 
Bristol 4.35 pm to 724 am 
gffc*W!»4 .14pm n 751 am 

M " w *e st fa424pmte723am 
•fa«e«ee 453 pm to 720 am 


TwWBrahres at midday yesterday: c. 
cloud: r, fair: r, ram s. sun. 


Yerftonta^Tanp: max 6 am to Bom, 8C 
nm 6 pm to 6 am2C 37(F) 
HwndfrF 6 jan. so per cent. Rata: 24hr to 
6 pm. a trace Sun: 24 hr to 6 pm. 02 fa 
Bar. mean sea leval, 6 pm. 10275 
nuOdffi, nsmg 

Satwday: Tamp: max 6 am to 6 pm. 6C 
mto 6 pm to 6 am4C 39(F) 

: wn 6 pm to 6 am,4C 39(F) 

Sty: 8 pu 92 percent Ffain: 24hr io 

6 pm, a true Sure 24 fa to 6 pm. 1.1 fa 
Sav sea leval. 6 pm, 10315 
mtfBiais. neing 
1,000 mifibar3-2953ln. 

Sunrises: Sunsets: 
744 am 356 pm 

■r . 




MtOOAVi e. cloud; d, drizzle; I, fair; ig. log; r. nlin; a, sun: an, snow; t tbunder, 
C F 

KCto a 17 63 Cologne 
refaf s 16 61 
BWe c 15 59 
Ifara r 13 55 Puma. 
rarrin s 4 38 oubemns 
tons f 12 54 Fata 
fart# a 27 81 Harare* 

Hade* c 27 81 FMkM 
rc&m s 14 57 FunduH 



C 1 34 

3 3 37 Hetsbrid 
I 2S 77 Hong K 
S 13 SSfamOtch 
19 6 43 Istanbul 
s 6 43 Jeddah 


-B 21 70 L 
fg i34 

2|SS EffiT 

9 15 SB Mafia 
c 10 50 RMb’me 
: a 12 64 MexkwC* 
s 17 63 Rflasri* 

S 12 54 Wan 
m M 30 MontreaT 
b 20 68 Mesoagr 


s 3 87 N Yc 
f 8 48 race 
C 28 82 Oakr 
* 22 72 Paris 
c 24 75 Peking 
s 23 73 
8 13 56 
1 7 45 

6 22 72 SmAbb<»* 


I 11 52 

C 29 84 Seoul . . 
s 7 45 Startwr 
r 4 39 srJdnfen r 5 41 
c 3 37 SMabVg to -2 28 
“ ^ 28 Sydney s 19 66 
£ ?2 72 Tangier s 19 68 
* 13 55 Tnlaviv r 11 52 
a ?1 70 Tenerife 

S ]2 54 Tokyo f 10 50 

S 17 63 Toron to - s 7 45 

I 7 45 Tunis 1 17 S3 

C 1 34 Vatondt d 12 54 

s 8 46 Vanc^ar* c 3 37 

c 20 68 Vanloe s 8 46 

to -1 30 Vienna c 3 37 

c -1 30 War s aw r 1 34 

S 15 59 Wash-ton* s 14 57 

5 27 81 Wrfntou r 11 52 

» 31 88 Zkatoh tg -3 Z7 


■; S'f. 

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j , ';' • 

.'V ' 

•- L." 




p. * 

lestroyed preside^ 
plead, Mr Pi^j£- Anft 
louse, oui with an > <*£ 
wtwuh all ihe n i U f he C 

Wlfliiie tin on , .■ 

Jui ^S up on j, 

0 speak oul V,,^ r D ^ci^ 
fflshs connection, C:,ul S 

wimeciion, .. ‘Ueni 
.entral Imelli Q^ nr ., ;'th uj 
t)le in Nicaragua 'i-T^cS 

iiu4»p Jw-W.:!:" a 'C a*: 1 

~ — . ■ «suti ar , - ■'-y 5 

inder increasing ' rj m% 
vlr Bush has indict J r i y - m 

Tiaiff* a fnrm-sl ““'■U n* u.:ii 

nake a formal stevSL"**! 

When asked rcr^?- 
television repor*« nj ? to 
played any pan inV ’ f h c 
connection, he s-iid 
role in it" and reft « -Jr 1 a 

commenL ,u nhef r 

Calls are also sr„,. ; 

Mr Donald :egar. ki . ng for 
iar While House chI^^ n P°Pu- 
to resign. ‘ “ yI M. 

The Senate 

Committee begm^ l '. f ll§en c« 
hearings into the -■■ S' Ow o 

Covi«iinf Wt ..: j 

into LT!C * 

Senator David 

the Republican cha -mV* 1 ** 

“a tot of people" an -«w 

a iv i Vj peop.; • ■'“Ml 

Administration V r - 1 n ’to 
the dealings with :V '' 

the dealings with a to*w 
more than acknoVV', !?% 
fore. ‘ ‘ - ed 

• ATLANTA: .. 

Kinnock, the Uh c - pi-' 1 
leader, yesterda-. 
supply of arms : ;«., J* 
eccentric act" fj.J * 
Britain had beer V 
that there could h;- . „• 
contact with a 7 “ n! 

Downed for its rrȣjV' JJJ 
atrocities (Rcbr 'rWjJ 

cret letjsrs 

Mr Pincher exp:.. - — ATt , ^ 
personally cou:d : : 
for him to VJ? 


He wrote: **!*•. . - r : vr w 
anything to do « -V 
meats save ic- 
them. Under the 
made by our t> Y.Vr- 
thing has to be : y-T 
otherwise there - . : « ’* 
superabte tax pro:'.'-; 

In the court c: ■ .? \;vt 
South Wales, the 
meat of Mr : - ' rr, 
T umbull. the dei : . . :o 
:s that the gov err. - . - - y \ 
been consistent " " •-* • 
has dealt with .*• * r-citf 
r>>'S and now V \Vn*.Y 


• Mr .Veil Kinzo-. - '■ . \: 

leaner, is prepared to c f. 
r.:s week-long trip to th: : .i\ 
and fh back to Britain : : t 
political row ov er the 
0 ! the book should ir. 
during the next tew c_- 

NF over N Set***:. 'J. with 
reading SE over .*-• British 
ualy doodj w-J:’’. rain siowfj 
of Fngl&ad w ' > <*r. mainly 
te NWtattr. r.^iperamres 
iW. where force' 

loesdaytFnn. .-rJnin the 

i milder, but -• ’ licrni ^ 2 

. * in 

; .fUf dh 
! t ” r k“ ■ 

I# r 

j m 

> j - • 

• ■ .u« - r -t — 

I ‘ •Sr~~- 

'nutotw *' 7 . 

" "J • 

gj- imJ • fcs- 

j 5*5BK»y. 

tx*':- ■ 
*wi: , « i--' 

dif -Vi- 
• *' 

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Er c»5»- 
&i ma 


n mows 

- 1 ? K*» 

BUSINESS and finance 

Executive Editor 
Kenneth Reet 

fChanae on week] 

FT 30 Share 

1292.2 (+18.0) 

ft-se 100 

1636.7 (+11.8) 

26875 (3^ 


USM (Dafastream) 
129.05 (-0.04) 


US Dollar 
1.4355 (+0.0160) 

W German mark 
2.8308 (-0.0345) 

68.1 (+ 0 . 2 ) 


to merge 

Next replans 
its liaaM'og 

Next, the high street fashion 
chain, which was in a £300 
million merger with the Grat- 
tan mail order house earlier 
this year. has organized a £1 50 
million flexible loan facility 
through Barclays de Zoete 
Wedd, incorporating £75 mil- 
lion of standby credit. 

Smart face of 

Traders on Hong Kong 
Stock Exchange face a 
SHK 1.000 fine from today if 
they arrive without . a tie or 
wearing jeans. The new dress 
regulations were voted in by 
stockbrokers after complaints 
by overseas visitors. 

Export help 

Export Network, a new 
company backed by British 
and Commonwealth Ship- 
ping, is to launch a comput- 
erized service this week which 
pinpoints export opportu- 
nities and offers advice to 
exporters. The database is 
expected to be in operation by 
early spring. 

No-risk plan 

For companies exporting 
£500,000 worth of goods a 

1 .JUU.W- “ . rr 

year or less, the Export f i- 
nance Company (Exfinco) is 

nance Company (Exfinco) is 
introducing an export finance 
and foreign exchange support 
scheme which will allow the 
small exporter without risk to 
invoice in overseas currencies 
and to get earlier payment on 
insured-value shipments. 

British Rail is expected to 
announce today the successful 
bidder for its 147-acre en- 
gineering works site at Swin- 
don, Wiltshire. There are 
thought to be three candidates 
- Sir Nigel Broackes’ Trafal- 
gar House Developments , a 
consortium including Raglan 
Property Trust and Tarmac 
and a consortium which plans 
a joint development with Mr 
Gerald Ronson’s Heron Prop- 
erty Corporation. 

Allah sis n Foreign E*ch 22 
rS Notebook 22 CMnteP. -3 

ssr §• » 

Money Mrfcts22 





Applications for British Gas pour in New attacks on Baker debt plan 

"W" i Tl *■ n By Bailey Morris, Washington 

It looks like ■*"* 

a sell-out 

By Cliff Fettbam and Bkhard Lander 

Automation and Technical 
Services Holdings and Dy- 
namic Logic are to merge in a 
new group which will have a 
turnover of £17 million 
operating in the com- 
plementary fields of tele- 
communications and 

Both companies will partici- 
pate equally in the new group 
to be known as Dynamoc 
Logic Group. Mr Tim 
Sea brook, the chairman of 
Dynamic Logic, will become 
the Group chairman. 
Shareholders in the merged 
group will include ANZ Mer- 
chant Bank, 3i and Innotech 

The £5.6 billion British Gas 
share sale is heading for a sell- 
out with two days still to go. 
j More than 2 million applica- 
tions have been received and, 

1 with the expected last minute 
flood still to come, should top 
five million easily. 

The organizers were in con- 
fident mood over the weekend 
as all the indications pointed 
to a healthy premium on the 
partly-paid shares. 

But, after the post on Sat- 
urday brought in 500,000 
applications, there was a an- 
other warning to investors not 
to leave it too late and to put 
their applications in the first 
class mail early today. 

“It is imperative that ap- 
plicants post their forms im- 
mediately if they want to be 
sure of making the deadline of 
10 am on Wednesday" said 
Mr Anthony Alt of N M 
Rothschild, the merchant 
bank organizing the offer. 

Those who rail to do so can 
be sure of their applications 
being received by delivering 
forms by hand to any branch 
of National Westminster 
Bank, the Bank of Scotland or 
Ulster Bank by the dose of 
business on Tuesday. 

The applications so far - 
and the numbers for exceed 
the demand for the TSB shares 
at the same stage - reveal that 
the average amount being 
invested is £1,100. This ex- 
ceeds earlier research which 
indicated £750. 

Investors in Britain are 
being offered 1.61 billion 
shares at 135p each of which 
only 50 p is payable on 
application. Extra incentives 
are being offered in the form 
of gas vouchers or loyalty 
bonus shares. 

One of the organizers said at 
the weekend: “We know also 
that the majority of people are 
chosing bonus shares so they 
obviously antidpate remain- 
ing as shareholders for a long 
time, at least three years. 

“A significant number are 
putting in applications on 
behalf of other members of the 
household which is quite 
proper. Some people are 
applying on behalf of their 
children, suggesting that they 
will be putting the shares in 
their stockings as Christinas 

Almost 6,000 staff has been 
deployed by the receiving 
banks to cope with the 

applications. NatWest has ! 

1,500 people working round 
the clock at hs Bristol site: 

Research shows that 100 
institutional fund managers 
are expecting a premium of 
lOp to 30p with a majority 
expecting a 20p to 30p 

There has been an enthu- 
siastic response to the issue 
from institutions overseas. A 
Treasury official saidlast 
night: “They have been foiling 
over themselves to apply for 
the shares. One institution 
alone in the United States has 
said it would be willing to 
apply for the 285 million 
shares allocated. 

“The number of shares 
being offered in Canada could 
be sold five times over.” 

However, it now looks 
likely that the 20 per cent 
block of British Gas shares put 
aside for foreign buyers conld 
be reduced to something like 
12 per cent to satisfy the 
demand in Britain. 

This is bound to force the 
overseas institutions to be- 
come keen buyers of the 
shares when dealings start, 
ensuring a healthy after 

Mr James Baker, the 
American Treasury Secretary, 
will be forced to defend hk 
stalled global debt plan this 
week at a conference at which 
the United States debt explo- 
sion shares equal billing with 
foe Third World debt enszs. 

Mr Baker agreed to deliver 
foe main address amid signs 
that his debt plan is trader 
attack by a growing number of 
US and European officials 
who favour broader measures 
of debt relief, including a 
proposal to write off a sizeable 
portion of Latin America’s 


In addition, there is a 
growing awareness in the US 
Congress that America's re- 
cord trade deficit is inexorably 
(inked to foe Third World debt 

Congressional leaders, not- 
ing that Latin America’s debt 
is now bigger than daring the 
1982 repayment crisis, said 
that if foe region does not 
recuperate, America wiD not 
be able to restive its trade 

The New York conference, 
which wifi be attended by 
officials from Britain, West 
Germany, France, Japan and 
other commies, is the third in 
a series on international debt 
sponsored by Senator WQtiam 
Bradley, who is regarded as a 
possible Democratic presiden- 
tial candidate, and Mr Jack 
Kemp, the New York 

This two-day conference 
will bring together, for the first 
time, US Congressional lead- 
ers, international V>«irmp of- 

ficials, ministers and 

central bankas from Europe 
and Latin America and a large 
Japanese delegation, beaded 
by Mr Toyoo Gyohten, Vice- 
Minister of Finance. 

Mr Gyohten is regarded as a 
strong contender to bead foe 
International Monetary Fond 
if European officials are un- 
able to agree on a ca n d id at e to 
replace M. Jacques de Laro- 
stere, the retiring wamipig 


Tire conference wifi examine 
the most serious proposals to 
resolve the continuing crisis. 
There will be pressure on 
Japan to use its enormous 
surpluses to bunch a Japa- 
nese “Marshall Plan” for 
Thud World debtors. 

M. de huttihe gave warn- 
ing recently that despite a 

large new bank programme for 
Mexico, the debt crisis is 
worsening, mainly because 
banks have been refusing to 
lend sufficient money. He 
advocated Innovative ap- 
proaches with emphasis on the 
con version of loans into equity. 

This is also the message of 
Mr John Whitehead, the US 
deputy Secretary of State, who 
will urge nations to enlarge the 
Baker debt initiative by shift- 
ing the emphasis from new 
drat to equity investment in 
the Third World. 

Senator Bradley advocated 
a large write-off of debt, which 
he said would never be repaid, 
to allow these economies to 
begin to expand. The Baker 
praa, be s aid, “is prolonging 
the policies that created the 
debt crisis in the first place” 

Australian brews increase their share in market 

Elders in talks 

& ^ 

RGB fights for 
European TV 

Bating with foe managing 
director of RGB, Mr David 
Goldsmith, to keep a service 

From Jonathan Braude, Brussels 

RGB Television, foe subsfef- tiating with ti 
bury of Ate TV and its parent director of RG1 
company Chrysalis Records, Goldsmith, to k 
which is based in London, is running, 
trying to rescue a European “RGB has 1 
fe«adcastifflg service from tire aB ^ s 

remains of Enropa TV. forEuropa,andl 

Earopa, set up by a con- ^ available. 1 
sortram of five national tele- broadcasting e 
vision companies to supply gnnunes by s 
mnhilmg nal commercial pro- Monday, 
grammes roundEurope, dosed «ri«. intpntiii 

suddenly on ThraSy after 
refusing a senes of takeover ^ 

offers; B nt RGB, -M ch s^ 
pted It with news and OTTHrt 
affairs programmes, hopes to * “ 
fill the gap osing satellite time MrBarrand i 
already booked on Eufeisat’s oodm p rodnee 
ECS2. news and curren 

The mam customer would be grepune for bei 
Portugal's RTP television and fl&JNty wh 
channel, the only member of *Ty regional c 
the foiled consortium that was Britain woaM s] 
using Enropa output in its own on a half- hour p 

to stage 

i\ '-i ‘ W.- 

with Watney 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

With Australian brews seiz- 
ing a bigger share of the 
growing lager market, there 
has been a revival in the talks 
between Elders DCL and 
Grand Metropolitan's Watney 
Mann & Truman Holdings 
over the future of brewing and 

draught lager market, while 
canned Foster's has almost a 
fifth of the take-home market 
for premium lagers. This year 
Foster's draught production 
has risen 7 per cent and 
canoed sales are up 20 per 

In the standard lager sector, 
which accounts for 88 per cent 
of foe total lager market. 

h- : 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

“RGB bus been making The pound is set to stage a 
ament affairs prog^uwi recovay, accorduig to a fere- 
for Enropa, add BCBra work is S**™? j J* “““S 0 *? 

aftSETihSilM It 

broadcasting existing pro- hnoyedup by Sxmw od pnees 

grammes ny satellite from I improved Corner- 


“The intention fe to get 

vative showing in the opinion 
polls, it says. 

The forecast, contained in 

Hoare Govctfs Currency Out- 
look, is for a rise of more tiian 

■- 'V. ^ -4/ ' 

k. ' 

* *. ; + J ►*» . 

'X-,. '• 

apefodly rf foe POrtyiese I0 per cent to DM3. 15 against 
want them, hesajdyester^y. within three months. 

Michael Debthooke; sampling the amba- nectar 

The talks began after Eldm, 
the Australian owners of 
Foster’s, bought Courage from 
Hauson Trust. Watney 
launched draught Foster's in 
1981 under an exclusive con- 
tract with Elders. The contract 
has another 10 years to run. 

Mr Michael Delahooke, 
deputy managing director 
(commercial) of Watney, said: 
“We are talking amicably with 
Elders about bow the brand 
wDl be marketed in the United 

The options appear to be 
whether Elders mil buy out 
the Watney interest entirely 
or, more likely, some form of 
phased «*wr»«m will be im- 
plemented. What is clear is 
that the Courage-tied pubs, 
strong is areas where Watney 
is weak, will, in taking Fosters, 
give another fillip to draught 
saJes of the lager. 

Research undertaken by 
Watney shows that Fosters 
has a 5 per cent share of the 

Foster’s is within a percentage 
point of Bass's Tennent’s lager 
and Courage's Hofrneister. 

The battle is not only 
between lager market leaders 
but also includes Aliied-Ly- 
ons. Earlier this year. Allied 
achieved national distribution 
for the other Australian 
competitor. Bond Corpor- 
ation's Castlemaine XXXX. 
Spending on Castlemaine this 
year has reached £7 million 
and, while the Watney re- 
search suggests Castlemaine 
has 1 per cent of the standard 
lager sector, the market share 
is up to 3 per cent or more. 

MrBarrand claims RGB The pound will also rise 
conk* produce a ban-hoar agai nst the dollar, reaching 

news and current affaire pro- $1.60 by May, compared with 
gramme for between £8,006 a current rate of $1.4355. But 

and £10,006, while one of foe the ANZ Merchant Rank, in 
ITV regional cmspmm in hs currency forecast, expects 

Britain would spend £50,0001 ^ pound to fen from its 

on a half- hour programme. present level of DM2.83 to 

Mr Charles Baxrand, for- 
merly head of news and enr- 
renl affairs at Emopa's 
headquarters in Hfiversom, 
Netherlands, has been aego- 

RGH, has not yet finished DM2.76 at the end of the year 
its negotiations for farther and DM2L54 at the end of 

US results 
says Birch 

Plastic money announcement today 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

By Judith Huntley 

folding after the first week. 
The hope is that money will be 


In the immediate future, the 

available from the EEC main factor on the pound will 
Commission in Brussels, be the outcome of the meeting 

VU IA«1 A M 

Wedgwood protest sSHs 

• a a • Arabia to succeed i 

over pnee cutting % 

M 1=7 barrel to $18 next 

By Richard Lander • rival broker James < 

Sir Arthur Bryan, chairman. •• ' j? 31 mSmffin? 0 n 

>f foe Wedgwood fine china '• jB&S '' ■ 

Sir Arthur Bryan, chairman, 
of foe Wedgwood fine china 
and pottery group, has hit oul 
at the price-cutting policies of. 
its industry rivals, which he 
said could damage foe British 
ceramic tableware industry. 

in his last financial report as 
chairman of an independent 
Wedgwood, which has been 
taken over by foe Waterford 
glass group of Ireland, Sir 
Arthur said the company in- 
tended to continue with its 

1 9m 

policy of innovation in manu- 
facturing and marketing. 

“This is in direct contradic- 
tion to the discounting now 

Sir Arthur Bryan: innovation 
policy will continue 

on December 11 of the 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries. 

Hoare Govett expects Saudi 
Arabia to succeed in pushing 
oil prices up from current 
average levels of $14.75 a 
barrel to $18 next year. But 
rival broker James Gapel says 
that even if Opec is successful 
in controlling production, 
prices are unlikely to average 
more than $16 a barrel next 

The other main factor 
affecting foe pound will be the 
dollar's performance. Last 
week, it touched DM1.97, on 
foe Iranian arms affair, equal- 
ling its lowest level against the 
marie since early 1981. The 
main domestic statistics this 
week are the official reserves 
tomorrow and foe detailed 
third quarter balance of pay- 
ments figures on Thursday. 

The battle between Ward 
White and LCP, the West 
Midlands property to US 
retailing company, for which 
it is making a hostile £153 
million bid, hotted up yes- 
terday with the extended dos- 
ing date of the offer only 12 
days away. 

Mr Philip Birch. Ward 
White chairman, told LCP 
shareholders that the perfor- 
mance ofWbitiock, the US car 
parts retailer and the jewel in 
LCPs crown, had been 
“pedestrian.” He said that 
LOP'S property portfolio has 
produced little return over 
four years despite extra 

Mr Birch, urging LCP 
shareholders to accept his 
share offer or foe I80p per 
share cash alternative, said 
that Ward White’s retail 
expertise and sounder finan- 
cial base would enable 
Whitlock to be a stronger 
chafleng p to competition and 
allow for fester expansion. 

The dealing banks are ex- 
pected to make an announce- 
ment today about a new 
payments system, which could 
replace cheques as a means of 
payment in the next few years. 

The council of the Associ- 
ation for Payment Clearing 
Services, which represents the 
12 clearing banks, met last 
week to decide on how to 
introduce the system, ft was 

not dear by the weekend 
whether any agreement had 
been reached. 

Banks and building soci- 
eties have experimental with 
electronic funds transfer at 
point of sale, which could 
revolutionize payments 

Shoppers “wipe” a plastic 
card through a machine at foe 
shop counter and their current 

account is automatically deb- 
ited for foe amount of foe 

However, the development 
of a single system has been 
dogged for years by disagree- 

dogged for years by disagree- 
ments between foe banks, and 
between them and retailers. 
One of the main points of 
contention has been over who 
would pay for the system. - 

Tfcs idnoamam e pgHuhM Dy MM MmMI & So» Imed w BUM gl T*iw S IM PIT 
Ito nraom al tow a Mmu Pit M ir* unow «mnslw m tut rtjntmoi cmwM n tie jmttwnwi 

Proa treat WM»8»wra)iii««*iniiwiani^g IMS JttWwraOTSM a 

Tbt omm m im a item he jeon remreoM* ■xmmpi 


Newall plc 




by foe competition in this 
country, which could lead to 
the gradual downfall of the 
British ceramic tableware 
industry.” Sir Arthur said. 

Wedgwood spent almost £1 
million fighting foe unwanted 
takeover approach from Lon- 
don International (LI) which 
was referred to foe Monopo- 
lies and Mergers Commission 

Launch of the Third Market nears 

Harvard awaits the nod 

By Our City Staff 

TODAY - Interims: Alien, 
Chamberlain and Hill, Chel- 
sea Man, Creighton Lab- 
oratories, Dnimmopd. Lynt- 
on Holdings, Marling Indu- 
stries. Norton Opax, Platon 
International. Stirling Group, 
TR Natural Resources Trust, 
Gsl Dynamics. Finals: A E, 
Dundee and London Invest- 
me - t Trust- 

TOJ 1 MOROW - Interims: 
Atkii Brothers Hosiery, Ar- 
gyll Group, Beatrix Mines, 
Sufflesfontein Gold Minmg, 
Cape Industries. C H to- 
dustries. County Md New 
Town Properties, Evans of 
Leeds. FKJ Elertncals. GEC. 
Grootvlei Proprietary Mines. 
Illingworth Moms, jarvis 
Porter Group. Man^ale 
Consolidated Mines. . Jo».n Mr- 

cha^i Designs Monks - 
Crane. Premier Consolidated 

Oilfields. St Helena 
Mines. United Leasing- 
Rand Consolidated 
Finals: Angh'3 Secure H° mas, 

BOC Group, Harvard Securi- 

ties Group, Trafalgar House. 
WEDNESDAY - Interims: 
Allied Colloids, Coalite Gr- 

Harvard Securities, one of 
foe firms which has helped to 
create the over-the-counter 
market, is still waiting to hear 
whether it will be invited to 
take part in the Third Market 
for small company shares 
which foe Stock Exchange is 
launching on January 26. 

n liSTSitan Mount- The Exchange has drawn up 
°UP- Lafoam,Moim # ^ Qf , s ffleraber finns 

view Estates, Nortncrn Foo« j... _* ^nonsors to 

Rolfe and Nolan, Rowlinson 
Securities, Smith and 
Nephew. Finals: Leeds Group 
United Spring and Steel 

THURSDAY - Interims: part in the new market 
Baker Peririns, Castings, God- Thomas Vallance, 

frev Davis, DSC Holdings, compliance officer for Har- 
Erskine House, Feedback yani, said ; ** We have been 

willing to act as sponsors to 
companies seeking to have 
their shares quoted on the new 
third tier market Harvard 
applied several monthsago for 
external membership to take 
part in the new market 
Mr Thomas Vallance, 

Sir Nicholas: bridge with 

instruments. Fine Art Devel- l0 |d that our application is 
opments, FKB Group. Holden j^ing carefoDy considered. 

Hydroman, Johnson Matthey, We have said we support the 
Benjamin Priest, Robertson foini market and want to 
Research. Christian Salvesen, sponsor - and have given an 
Scapa Group, 600 Group, undertaking that all new issues 
Tipbook. will come tr the third market 

gSS, SlWbSH de^weU&K 

-inH «^ 9 Tchi. ponant role in helping to 

The Stock Exchange says 
that no applications to act as 
sponsors have yet been turned 
down. However, it has been 
known to take a dim view of 
the sometimes undisciplined 
activities on the over-the- 
counter market 

Scoiiand. Saarch: and Saatchi. ponant role id ncipmj 
bStoSy --Interims Alpine develop the new market 
i-KioA s u-Mirias **We have had run-ins in foe 

P^' Stock Exdange 

HIT ftah? Nooe S ho« tot d . now 

finals: None bui hope^ 


This is one of the reasons 
why it has been forced into 
largely promoting the new 
thud market which it claims 
will offer the public for the 
first lime “access to a disci- 
plined, regulated market dedi- 
cated to small, young 

More than 60 companies so 
far have asked to have foeir 
shares traded on the new 
'market Some are presently 
traded on foe OTC market, 
some are shares in Business 
Expansion Scheme com- 
panies, while others are fam - 1 
ily-run businesses jumping at 1 
foe opportunity to raise extra 

Most companies will prob- 
ably be valued at less than £10 
million making pretax profits 
of under £500,000 a year. 

Even so. Sir Nicholas 
Goodison, the chairman, and 
his colleagues are supporting 
the new market enthusias- 
tically as pari of their policy to 
establish a bridge between the 
City and industry. 

As part of (his effort, foe 
Stock Exchange is waiving its 
own listing fees for new en- 
trants to the market and is 
doing its best to persuade 
backers and advisors to keep 
the lid on their own costs in 
order to make it as cheap as 
possible for a young company 
to put its shares on to the 



Ths values ol the offer are based on the price of 185p uer^ TiunwSNewaBomiiwy share 3f 3.30 pin on 23th November. 1986. 

This way it hopes to keep 
le cost of obtaining a quote 

the cost of obtaining a quote 
down to about £10,000. 






V i 

« ? S £ 


Why Carless pins its hopes A 2f 

on oil haven in Dorset 

A s the name of the New 
Zealand entrepreneur, 
Mr Ron Brieriy, first 
started to appear on Cariess, 
Capet & Leonard’s raster of 
shareholders, Mr Ian Qubb, 
the managing director, sent 
him a telegram: “Pleased to 
see you take the same view as 
we do of Cartess’s future. 
Come and see os the next time 
you are in London.” 

Not all investors share the 
City’s obsession with short- 
term share price performance. 
Some are prepared to take a 
three-year view, rather than a 
. three-month view. And if the 
company in question is taken 
over in the meantime, then 
the canny investor will not 
have missed out on the action. 

Only a year ago. Carless, 
Cape! & Leonard, the in- 
dependent oil. gas and sol- 
vents firm was a classic 
example of an ailing company 
which fell foul of felling oil 
prices. In expanding its oil and 
gas interests, principally in 
America, Cariess had become 
overburdened with debt and 
was financially stretched. 

Its main asset was, and still- 
is, a 7.S per cent interest in the 
Wytch Farm oilfield in Dor- 
set, not due to produce 
meaningful amounts of oil 
until the second half of 1989. 
All there was to look forward 
to was escalating debt to pay 
for the oilfield development 
and potentially crippling in- 
terest charges. 

Not surprisingly, its share 
price reacted in much the 
same way as the rest of the 
exploration sector, broadly 
tracking the oil price for the 
last year, as the accompanying 
chart shows. 

But unlike some of its fellow 
explorers. Carless has emerged 
from the last 12 months in 
much better shape than it 
began, having been treated 
with some strong medicine by 

It is precisely a year since he 
took over, enough time to 
reduce the debt to manageable 
proportions and to work out a 
strategy for more than just 
mere survival until Wytch 
Farm comes on stream. 

T o reduce debt, a series of 
disposals was quickly 
put in Hand. These in- 
cluded Cariess’s bead office 
building in Cannon Street, in 
the City, for £6.4 million, its 
shares in Premier Consoli- 
dated Oilfields for £6.6 mil- 
lion, the company flat, two 
peripheral subsidiaries and a 

Then came the disguised 
rights issue in the shape of the 
acquisition and liquidation of 
the Winlerbottom Energy 
Trust last July. Practically 99 
per cent of the trust’s assets 
were sold within 24 hours for 
£30 million to give a small 
profit on the purchase price of 


■ ■■■■ ■ IBlIip 

Nov Dec Jan Fab Mar Apr May Jun Jut Aug Sep Oct Nov 

Clobb, “but it will only be a 
short upwar d blip in our 
borrowings because Wytch 
Farm rash flow will quickly 
allow us to repay our loans. 
On any reasonable oil price 
assumption, the debt ratio wfl] 
be down to 35 per cent by the 

Only the most pessimistic 
students of the oil scene would 
regard $18-$ 20 a barrel as 
unreasonable. Few would 
quarrel with an analysis which 
plots rising demand for oil 
against felling supply allowing 
some price increases in the 

Demand is rising because of 
low oil prices, and non-Opec 
supply is expected to fell due 

rate is 
in prospect 

From Maxwell Newton 
New York 

The fourth quarter continues 
to look much worse than was 
expected by Wall Street an- 
alysts. There is now a definite 
prospect that its real gross 
w fljtiwwi product win show no 
growth at alL 

This is due to two main , 
factors. First, the rate of 
domestic motor sales inOcto- j 
her aod the first two-thirds of 
November has averaged 6L5 
millinn, or only two-tfiirds of 
the September quarter rate. 

As four-fifths of the increase 
in total sales in the third 

Stage set for two steps 

to change perceptions 

I n the last couple of weeks, upwards revision to the data 

when bond markets else- for earlier months were re- 
wbere in the world have garded with suspicion as they 
enjoyed a modest rally, were largely the result of 

London’s gibs have again Ranges in the invisible 
been disappointingly dull. accounts. 

What has caused the aber- There has, o 
rant behaviour of the local ways been an 
market is not at all clear. The prejudice in Br 
knee-jerk explanations — the. to the service s 
opinion polls, the current - seemed to be 
account, the outlook for infla- virulent this ti 
lion — are far from con- this was . beca 
vi n ring. people anticipati 

Excuses rSf&JSt 

How can it be argued that Mainly due to 
the rational fund manager is price and the re 
really worrying about slip- of foreign ofl 
page in the Government’s operating in th( 
popularity when he is appar- the adjustment 
entiy so unconcerned about a lot further to g 
developments on the other ’ On inflation i 
side ofthe Atlantic? less dear but 

If political factors were bleak. Admitted 
important to the peace of prices are rising 
min d of the bond markets, quickly in Brita 
the swing to the Democrats in where in the indi 

the recent Congressional elec- tut there are no 
tions would have caused supposing tire ga 
significant jitters among On the contrary, 

Treasury bonds and the latest, that conditions 
scandals concerning arms gress towards 
deals with Iran would have national norm, 
provoked a blood-bath. play settlement 

The feet that they did not in this respect 
suggests that politics in gen- over-generous ri 
era! is not so influential and have been tb 
implies that local consid- Accordingly, sag 
erations of this sort are new pay round 
unlikely to be at the root of deals a percents 
the gilt market’s malaise. two below those 
In any event, the objective m ust be good tie- 
analyst will have noted that Taken in the 
the result of the latest opinion productivity adv; 
surveys shows no statistically will not lie do 
significant departure from continue to < 
the previous trend. There is consensus foreca 
no reason to believe that the outstripping thoi 
Government’s steady revival i n most of the 
in popularity has come to an world — the pr 
end Moreover, in virtually encouraging. Tfc 
every case for which we have pace of inflation 
data, there is an improve- ably pick up in 
ment in the incumbents’ firmer commodity 
rating in the months immedi- the relatives cou 
ately before an election. factory. 

The same sort of “double 

The reality 

The company that Ian 
Clubbed into shape 

Cariess, Cape! and Leonard 
has Interests in three British 
ofi fields - Wytch Farm, (7% 
per cent). Humbly Grave 

million depending on the tax 
status of the purchaser. 

Cariess has extensive acre- 
age onshore in Britain and it 

(28.125 per cent), both of has a 37% per cent share in 
which are onshore, and Bal- most of it Judging by recent 

moral (0.96 per cent), an 
offshore field. 

They are estimated to be 
worth between £50 and £100 
million depending on whether 
an ofl price assmnption of $18 
a barrel or $25 is nsed. 

The fbeb and solvents busi- 
nesses are capable of earning 
between £4J5 million and £5 
million pretax a year. An 
earnings multiple of between 8 
and 10 values these businesses 
at between £30 million and £40 

deals in onshore blocks, 
Cariess’s acreage could be 
worth £25 million but as Mr 
lan Clnbb, group managing 
director, says when it conies to 
unproven acreage “the beauty 
is in the eye of urn beholder”. 

With the American assets at 
£40 to £50 million, a little less 
than they cost the company, 
the total asset value, less 
borrowings of some £35 mil- 
lion, is in the range £110 
million to £215 million — or 
84p to 163p a share. 

98 per cent of asset value. prices release working capital 

Part of the cash was used to tied up in stocks for use 
pay off the group’s sterling elsewhere in the business, 
debt; the balance of £15 Mr Qubb and his team are 
million is on deposit Cariess looking at a variety of options 
still has US debts of $65 for downstream expansion 
million (£42 million) and a net from lubricants and waxes to 
gearing ratio of 37 per cent liquid petroleum gas. 


I j! £ 60 million by 1989. In the 
field bonanza in 1989, it is ^ the £19 million 

ready to take advantage^ low second tranche payment for 

the purchase ofthe oilfield 
do ^ treJ k m , becomes payable to the 

marketing fuels and refining Government/ 
solvents, neither of which 

relies on high oil prices for “This will take borrowings 
profitability. Indeed, low oil up to £80 million”, says Mr 

le payment 

the purchase of the oilfield 
becomes payable to foe 

__ ... v - — - a*aaw uii ui^u uu yn i\m “This will take borrowings ^ 

it on foe purchase price of profitability. Indeed, low oil up to £80 million” says Mr Carol r ergUSOIl 

Gold shares tipped for a quick turn 

By Richard Lander 
Despite foe present sag in 
the gold price, several stock- 
brokers are currently 
recommending South African 
gold mines ahead of foe main 
dividend declaration season. 

Yields on South African 
mines are particularly attrac- 
tive at present because divi- 
dends are paid at the 
commercial rand rate, which 
is roughly twice value of foe 
financial rand 
In addition, foe dividends 
will reflect the high gold prices 

received by the mines in 
recent months while foe 

According to Mr Richard 
Harris, an analyst at foe 

shares themselves have stockbroker, L. Messet, there 
slipped lately. The FT Gold are several mines declaring 
snare index has retreated dividends over foe next few 
about 15 per cent from its weeks which stand on a 
. 1 986 peak set two months ago. prospective annual yield of 
The tone for this dividend about 20 per cent, 
season was set by foe Mr Harris considers inves- 
Anglovaal mining house tors can make a quick 10 per 
which announced last week cent gain through dividend 
that interim dividends at its stripping by buying foe shares 
Eastern Transvaal Consoli- a few days before foe dividend 
dated and Hartebeestfontein is declared and selling foe day 
mines had risen by 25 and 33 they go ex-dividend, 
per cent from last year. But some brokers are steer- 

to low levels of exploration noarter was foe result of raotor 
smee foe oil prices slumped. ifes on low interest tennsjhe 

W hen Wytch Farm 


of 5,500 b/d to 60.000 b/d, U r g economy ; . . 

scheduled for foe thud quarter The second factw cansnig 
of 1989, annual cash flows economic weakness m ti ns 
from Cariess’s British ofl quarto * the amtnaed 
production interests, mainly stagnation of the mannrac- 
wyteh Farm, will be more °5 tpat - / J* 

than £20 million before tax on Odolw there was a 6 percent 
an $18 a barrel assumption. ^ r °P 01 “Br®*?® wods orders 
The company will be received by mawdactnrers. 
producing oil from Wytch Much was nude of t he 9. 4 
Farm when foe price is strong per cent rise in manufactured 
a gain, says Mr Qubb although goods exports in October. But 
he tempers his optimism with imports of manufactured 
caution. “Even at $15 oil we goods rose 1A per cent. As foe 
ran pay the banks back but if it valoe of manufactured imports 
stays at $15 until foe year is just under twice exports, the 
2000, we will be working for manufactured goods trade 
foe banks." deficit (92 per cent of the total 

Therein ties foe risk. But trade deficit) rose from $10.45 
then foe share price is only billion in September to $114)5 
62p, compared with an asset billion in October, 
value of 84p assuming $18 a Doe to the large surplus in 
barrel ofl. imports, industrial production 

There is always the possibil- is stagnant And the drop in 
ity that foe company will be durable goods orders In Octo- 
takeu over for as Mr Qubb ber suggests industrial 
puts it, “everything we are production may ac t ually begin 
doing is making it more to decline, 
attractive to a predator.” As the West Germans and 

London Merchant Securi- Japanese have succeeded in 
ties, with 15.9 per cent, is the arresting — and reversing — 
only major shareholder. Other the decline in foe dollar 
potentially interested parties against OECD currencies the 
are Powell Duffiyn, with 2.9 prospects for a rapid decrease 
per cent, Ultramar with 3.2 in imports are not good. In the 
per cent and. of course, Ron past month the Japanese have 
Brieriy who owns 2 per cent succeeded in pressuring foe 
But in the event of a takover U S Treasury into accepting 
bid, foe new management without demur a 6 per cent 
team may obtain Gty support, devaluation to the yen. As 
The chairman, Mr John Leon- companies like Nissan and 
ard, has been involving him- Sony are still being hart, 
self less and less while Mr further devaluations can be 
Qubb is introducing pro- expected. The dollar having 
fessional management teeb- risen from 154 yen in mid 
toques into what had been run October to 164 in mid Novera- 
as a family business. ber, the path is now dear for a 

If it remains independent, Japanese “shock” attack de- 
foe managent and sharehold- signed to posh foe yen up to 
ers can look forward to the 180- 

day, only a few years away. The bond market has taken 
when they are able to cadi m all this recent evidence to 
their Wytch Farm chips, economic weakness as a good 
While foe shares are only 62p, reason to increase prices, 
there is tittle to fear from foe Since October 24, foe cash 
oil price. U S 10 year note has risen 

from 99% to 100%, the cash 

, r _ U S 30 year bond has risen 

Carol r erguson from 94% to 100%, and die 

— December Treasury bond con- 

1 a tract has risen from 96 to 99%. 

O \T flll"fl The rise has been grudging. 

ClALl. At the slightest sign of any dot 

of inflation on the horizon 
ing dear of South Africa in the The “itchy trigger finger” 
short term teenagers who seem to do so 

“The withdrawal of funds much to US bond trading, 
by Barclays (and other com- have reverted to panic selling, 
panies) from South Africa is At the least, this teeny hopper 
likely to bring pressure to bear control of trading has kept the 
on foe financial rand over foe Federal Reserve Bank honest 
next few weeks,” said Mr The central bank has long 
Graham Birch of Klein wort abandoned its “gong bo” poii- 
Grieveson. des of March- August 


There has, of course, al- 
ways been an element of 
prejudice in Britain relating 
to the service sectors, but it 
- seemed to be particularly 
virulent this time. Perhaps 
this was because so few 
people anticipated what was a 
thoroughly predictable shift 
in the invisibles balance. 
Mainly due to foe lower oil 
price and the reduced profits 
of foreign ofl companies 
operating in foe North Sea, 
the adjustment probably bas 
a lot further to go. 

’ On inflation the picture is 
less dear but not entirely 
bleak. Admittedly, consumer 
prices are rising slightly more 
quickly in Britain than else- 
where m the industrial world, 
but there are no grounds for 
supposing the gap will widen. 
On foe contrary, it is possible 
that conditions here will re- 
gress towards foe inter- 
national norm. 

Pay settlements are foe key 
in this respect In foe past, 
over-generous rises seem to 
have been the problem. 
Accordingly, signs that foe 

reluctant to admit though is 
that it is foe voracious ap- 
petite of the borrower that 
lies at the root of the phenom- 
enon. What, we mus t also ask 
ourselves, are the borrowers 
doing with foe money? 

And, however unpleasant 
the truth, we have ultimately 
to admit that they are spend- 
ing it Not content with the 
heady pace of growth of their 
real incomes, they are buoy- 
ing their spending still further 
on the back of borrowed 

It is foe growth in foe 
economy, moreover, which 
explains foe startlingly good 
performance of corporate 
profits on the one hand, and 
of Government tax collec- 
tions on foe other. Without 
that growth, companies 
would have found them- 
selves squeezed by overseas 
competition and high pay 

The heightened pace of 
output, however, and foe 
productivity surge which 
accompanied it, enabled 
industr ialis ts to work foe 
miracle of simultaneously 
rapid growth with personal 
and corporate earnings. Equ- 
ally, it was foe surge in 
activity which generated all 
foe extra income tax, valued 

new pay round is providing added tax and corporation 
deals a percentage point or tax which kept the PSBR 
two below those of last year under reasonable control 

two below those of 
must be good news. 

under reasonable control 
The monthly returns show 

Taken in foe context of a consistent pattern of rev- 
productivity advances, which enues exceeding budget fore- 

will not lie down — they casts, but th 
continue to exceed the mind tried 
consensus forecast as well as block out i 
outstripping those achieved planation. 
in most of foe rest of foe f"h 11 4.i /v> u 
world — foe prospects are VJUUOOK 
encouraging. The absolute While the 

casts, but foe timid human 
mind tried desperately to 
block out the logical ex- 

While the excess growth 

Atlantic is apparent in foe 
analysis of balance of pay- 
ments situations. If we are to 
believe foe press, foe whole 
world is filled with pessimism 
due to foe prospect of deficits 
in Britain, while it looks on 
indulgently at foe reality of 
gigantic imbalances in foe 
United States. 

The prejudice in inter- 
pretation was particularly 
marked after foe recent 
announcement of each coun- 
try's returns for October. On 
foe one hand, commentators 
were pleased to perceive an 
improvement in the month- 
to-monfo numbers in foe US, 
even though foe data is not 
seasonally adjusted and the 
improvement was foe result 
of a downwards revision to 
foe earlier period. 

The numbers for Britain, 
on foe other hand, were 
treated with cynicism. The 
current account's return to 
surplus in October and foe 

Steetley Concrete Products: 
Mr Nigel Ball is made manag- 
ing director. 

pace of inflation will prob- lasts, competition for credit 
ably pick up in tine with will keep interest rates high 
firmer commodity prices, but and gilt prices low. In foe 
foe relatives could be satis- medium term we could look 
factory. for some respite in the form 

of more moderate economic 
Thp realitv advances, but foe means to 

- that end - probably tighter 
Lfte other neurotics, mves- credh ^nlrois - would tem- 
tors often shy away from a po^y intensify still further 
reality foeydo not wish to the negative influences on foe 
recognize. TTiey spend their alts market, 
tone inventing specious ex- ^ while the prejudice against 
pfananons ofevents to fos- London good market 
trart them from the grim persist we are unlikely to 


It is only after a painful 

have international investors 
bidding up price levels. The 

ami nation <£ KK folTlikdyto 

amination that they can be ^ an unexciting market, 
brought to acknowledge foe aIthough ODC which offers 

**£ «*■“ rclarns w °p en - 

gilts market at. foe moment, minded investor 
? e economic "Th”' ""'%% pl u >ia will. 

deman r d ■ s n ?” ll &„ w1th come' badTimo line with 
pace of GNP growth running Vifn/iTjr - causing a relative 

ahead much more mprdly , P pSd atio 7 hi price te«ls 

5 IL?fi, 8ro - we would plump for a two- 

stage process thefirst early in 
world which has kept new ^ th e second 

borrowers _cager^for_ credit. ^ aftermath 0 f a Censer- 

tir _ii a "I*. - ■ 111 uiv« ouwmiaui vi a vvua.i~ 

We all know that credit has vat j ve election victory, 
been available in enormous „ _ ; 

quantities, and we all know _ KOgCT Nlglluflgflle 
that this availability has not j^ e omhor is economics direc- 

bid down interest rates. 
What many of us 


tor at stockbroker Hoare 

Hawker Siddeley: Mr How- becomes a director from Janu- 
ary] Grant becomes chairman ary 1. 

mg director. of Westinghouse Brake and 

Thomas French & Sons: Mr Signal Company (Australia), 
Peter Fyson has been made a Westinghouse Brakes, West- 

Base Rates % * 

Clearing Banks 11 EURO MG 

Finance House 1 1K ■ 

□tecowit Market Loans % Mar 

Overnight High: 11 Low 10 7 days 5V6’r# 

Week fixed: uHl 3m nth 6V€ 

Treasury BSs (Discount %} Td^^Sti 

fSfinio”. fSSiov, lESSi* 

Simtlt 10"» 3mmti1P'» 7tS^7^ 

Prim Bank Os (OecouM%) 3mntft IPrs-B 3 

1 mirth 1<F'»-T0«u2 mirth fO»v-10K Swiss Rase 
3irmth 10aa-l0"»6mnft 10 u w-1(Rj 3 7 days 1%-lU 
Trade BBa (Dtscoum%) 3 mrth 4-3% 

1 mnth 11 -ha Zmnffi 11 ™» <« 

3mnth 11"n 6 mirth 11'., 4 



non-executive director. 
Jetsave: Mr Ron Blakey 

ingfaouse Signals, West code. 
Dimetronic S.A. and Safetran 

becomes chairman, Mr Chris Systems Corporation. Mr 
Smart managing director, Mr David Allen is made managing 
John Standley sales and director. Westinghouse Brake 
marketing director, Mr Mar- and Signal Company (Aust- 

7 days 

3 ninth 4K-4H 
French Rene 
7 days 7 6 w-7 a ii 
3 mrth 
Swf« Rwc 

The Hongkong and Shanghai 
Banking Corporation 
announces that with effect 
from 1 December 1986 
its UK Merchant Bank 

HongkongBank Ltd 

is changing its name to 

James Capel Bankers Ltd 

7 Devonshire Square London EC2M4HN Tel: 01-626 0566 


member: HongkongBank group 

7 days 

3 mrth 4&-4J4 

C«l 0X-5V 

1 mrth 

6 mrth 6 l '*-5 l *io 
call M 

1 mrth 4 ,a ie- ,, i« 
B mirth 4 ,, w-"w 

call 7V6% 

1 mrth 7"i*-7*r» 
6 mrth 8*1-8% 
cal 1K-K 

1 mrth 44ft 
6 mrth 44K 
cal 454-3% 

1 mirth 4*-4ft 
6 mrth 4ft-4ft 

tin Johnson financial director, ralia). 
Mr Geoff Medhmst opera- The 


tions director and Mr Michael Corporation: Mr R P Wilson 
Harding company secretary. - 

Micro Focus Group: Mr 
Paul O’Grady becomes chair- 
man, Mr Paul Adams and Mr 
Ron Forbes directors. 

Robert Fletcher (Green- 
field): Mr Raymond 

Broad bent becomes managing 

Charles Barker Lyons: Mrs 
Heather Rowe and Mr Tim 
Devlin become associate 
directors in corporate affairs. 

Overnight open lift dose 12 
1 weak 11M-11 6 mirth 11 54-11 'is 

1 mntti Il’ia-II'N Bmrth 1114-1 1»i« 
3 mrth 11'wllK IZmBl 1154-11'n 
Local Authority Deposka (%) 

2 days 10K 7 days 10% 

Imnth 11 3 mrth 1114 

6 mrth IiH 12mtfi ll* w 

Hi ilft-11% 2 mrth 

1 mnth Hft-11% 2 mrth 11 54-1 IK 

3 mrth 11%-11% Bmrth 11%-n% 

9 mrth lift-lift 12 iMh lift-lift 
Storing CDs (%) 

1 mrth ll’it-iO^M 3 mrth lift-lift 
6 north lift-lift 12mth I 1 *w- 11 '« 

1 mrth 6 10-6.05 amrrthSaS-SaO 

8 ninth 5.90-&B5 12rrth 5.90445 



S49&50 (£343^5) 
■Excludes VAT 



ripptetel M693M aaotart C100M 

Bids; £9734% received; 72ft ™ 

Last weak : m/ .335% received; E2% chairff 

Avge rate E1U6682% last wfcC1US65C% h ___j 
N ext weak E100M replace El 00M Heard 



ASEA: Dr NBs Leffler has 
been made m anag in g director, 
succeeding Mr Eric Drewery 
who becomes chairman and 
chief executive, ASEA 

Willis Faber Advisory Ser- 
vices; Mr Brian Morris joins 
as a director. 

Scottish Vocational Educa- 
tion Council- Dr Donald Giles 
becomes depute director, 

Alvey Software Engineering 
programme: Mr David Mor- 
gan becomes director (des- 

The Private Capital Group: 
Mr Richard Andrew is made 
chairman, Mr Christopher 
Heard a director, and Mr 
Nicholas Greenwood a non- 
executive director. Mr Wil- 
liam Main becomes group 
finance director and chief 
executive of Private Capital 
(Business Services). 

RP Scherer Corporation: 
Mr Stuart Maconochie be- 
comes deputy regional presi- 
dent for Europe and Heir Jovg 
Siebert a managing director 
for West Germany. 



Offer A good opportunity for 

• an advertising agency that would like to expand its range of 

• a kuge company that would like lo realize its exhibition stands itself. 

• capital investors, and for purposes of diversification. 

• foreign exhibition stand designers as a means lo enter the Swiss ! 
exhibition market 

This nedfam sized company Is located in the midst of the wwmwiir 
sphere of the Genua speaking part of Switzeriaad. 
WeB-trahted personnel are available. 

Interested parties with proof of capital are invited to contact the 
mandatary under cipher 02- 91904, Pnhbdtas, Ch-5401 Baden. 

Rothschilds International 
Money Funds 

The efficient alternative to a deposit 
account in any major currency. 

For further information and (he current pmspcciuscs. 
please complete and return this coupon to; Robin Fuller. 
N M Rothschild Asset Management (C.l.) Limited. 
P.O. Box 242. St. Julian’s Coun. St. Peter Port, Guernsey. 
Channel Islands. Telephone: Guernsey (0481) 26741. 

| Address 



sam to admit 
it is the vora:.. 
e of the borrow 
it the root of the rk-, * hai 
i. What, we mui; a i . , 
dves. are the borr*-.-.?* 
ig with the monei •> ' r * 
ad. however urV.;. 
truth, we have uiT 
dmil that they ar. ; < 
it Not content 
iy pace of growm .>?, h " e 
incomes, they ar .. hu ' c , lr 
their spending 

or s.^5 
iwy*. a 

L is the growth , h 
nomy, moreover ■■ r , ^ 
■lams she ssanlinv i.^Jj 
formance of J! V,-,, 
rills on the one h^r i jrj 

ns on the other, v 
it growth, 

uld have four ; ;r ‘ ‘* 
ves squeezed b> •• • ' 

mpetilion ard ' r„ .h ' ' 

rhe heightened :j . |V - 
ipirt. however, 
aductiviiy sur;; 
rompanied it. 
jusirialisis to 
irade of 
pid growth wish 
d corporate earn « -• _ 

!y, it was the -C’.,! 
tivity which vj 
e extra income is • 
ided tax and c-: r : 
x which kept t: . 
ader reasonable c: - 
The monthly re:-. - 
consistent patier- 
nues exceeding hu ■ . 

3 sts. but the tsr . 
und tried dope- 
kick out the i*.. 

■ ;r e 





\Vh:ie the exev, .- 

ists. competition - 
.ill keep interest r. • 
nd gift prices ',•:■■■ 
nedilun term . 

•_*r s^nae respite :?. . 
mn'r ntoccTtij . . • - 

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\a\ end — r" <- ' 
r«:' CORir c\* - 

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i’-; Zr- ■ 

Roger Nigr. ^ “f :f c’. • 

. ... J. . ; - 

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Paid O’lircd- 
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A time to move house and 

take shelter in plant-hire 

t T^ e *L CW isSDC “affcet the 
UhM has enjoyed a good 
autumn. This is in contrast to 
lhe summer months which 
were depressed by a surfeit of 
numbers and prices that were 
too high for the market to 
sustain. Many stocks started 
life either at a discount or 
Struggled to maintain J»ny 
premium. A slower issue 
queue and reasonable ratings 
have ensured a better recep- 
tion for the au tumn offering in 

spite of the attractions of TSB 
and Bri tish Gas. 

The November bargain was 
undoubtedly Gtentree Es- 
tates, the West London estate 
agency, placed last week at 
16p. Within the first two days 
of dealing the price shot up to 

At present, b uilding soci- 
eties are empowering them- 
selves to make ac quisi tion* of 
estate agencies, competing 
with clearing banks and insur- 
ance companies. The days of 

the independent estate agency 
look numbered. Financial 
conglomerates can undercut 
commissions because they 
make their profits on sales of 
mortgages and file a«ura nn» 

Under these circumstances, 
an estate agency with broadly 
based distribution is in a 
similar situation to the stock- 
broker of two years *z n 
Survival wifi require more 
capital investment to market 
houses effectively, and the 
income from selling houses 
will be lower. It is not surpris- 
ing. therefore, that a number 
of estate agencies have sought 
a valuation of their businesses 
through the USM. 

A word of caution for 
potential investors should be 

First, financial institutions 
are interested in acquiring 
agencies in suburban areas 
where most clients are seeking 
mortgage finance. Central 

London agencies are too 
expensive to buy and their 
clientele is often not depen- 
dent on mortgage finance. 

Secondly, the market in the 
South-east is less buoyant 
than it has been over the past 
two years. Hie recent surge in 
house prices cannot be sus- 
tained indefinitely, and there 
is evidence to suggest that 
house prices in central 
London nave declined slightly 
since the summer. A tough 
credit squeeze after the next 
election could herald the end 
of the mortgage-finance 
boom. Under these circum- 
stances profits would suffer. 
These are shares for the 
takeover punters alone. 

A more interesting opportu- 
nity may be the unglamorous 
world of plant hire. Ashtead 
Group, shares of which were 
placed this week, is the surviv- 
ing relic of the bankrupt toy 
company Dumbee Combee 
Mara. The management. 

which bought out the busi- 
ness, has built profits using a 
formula of tight financial con- 
trol with decentralized de- 
cision-making and high, per- 
formance-related awards for 

The company has seen pre- 
tax profits grow rapidly from 
£75,000 in 1983 to a forecast 
£900,000 for the year to April 
1987. The changes in capital 
allowance in the 1984 budget 
mean large contractors and 
construction companies are 
no longer interested in using 
plant-hire companies as tax 

This leaves excellent ac- 
quisition opportunities for 
those who choose to remain in 
the industry, and one of 
AshteatTs reasons for going 
public was to exploit the 
opportunities which can arise. 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member of the 
small companies' unit at 
Phillips & Drew 


* Compw* 

Net Cb'oe 
as on 
tout *mk 





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5-8K.0Q0 AT* Selection flO «+2 

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2&5ea Acorn 
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3.750.000 MMI _ 
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30.7m HA 









226m Angt Secure Hm M7 

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75ffl;000 Apptatre* 151 

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2,146.000 Assoc Omy 31 

12.1m ASD 170 

11.7m Ailts Emma 145 

sxmxm 88 

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6626600 BW 200 

3.B11.0W EnS SlTi 78 

5610600 BMhnffiWml 116 

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106m Brown goH 

5437600 Bry tt 

3628600 CCA 6 

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2420000 Ccmpoaft 
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55BBJM0 QKnphwn 
4540000 CranOrook 
66 M 600 CmrawA* 
4609600 Cnaon Lodge 
8.711600 Cravwn • — 

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3638600 DJ Sac Am 
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10.0m DBMSS (DY] 

5609.000 Dmri 3 Bom 
1680600 Da Brett (AKta) 

1271b naWor 

2.896.000 Datum 
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361&Q00 Danraena Bac 
2127600 Damy Warren 
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132m Esftng Baer Opdce 120 

1.744600 EcnOrtC M 

40^a Emn Fend 3M 

21SS.OCO Ed» « 8 BK M 
32.8m Qdridga ftpa A* 427 
106m BaOron Houa* 123 

6006.000 Bacaonfc Data P 94 

224m Emm* 42 

780.000 E rmmwnam Proa ii 
121m Eqiwu 172 

10.7m Eve Caanrucaon 115 
326m FM 300 

21.7m FKB GO »3 

135m FIH Ooup 141 

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3. 0026 00 n ember DMp 56 
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275m Frenea Corm Ira 

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l-Kg-222 Ooo* Go 4T m*4 39 35 7 A 

44m6po Gave Warren >1 *-7 81 84 110 

, P,W 151 +6 45 26 186' 

2354600 GouH Bmmenca) 115 .. 33 46 93 

9620a» Ctanym Surtaee BO O .. 56 44 116 

155m Qnu SeuOimn 184 >2 74 46 146 

1 ’s v 7 . 41 “ ,6 f 

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428&00ff tavdan ttmacan a 21 £5 138 

115m Hanmy 0 H«wp 800 +« 66 26 196 

316m Vmveta* Gmapa 263 37 22 246 

3607606 HMBfl 46 1.1 24 185 

2462600 Ho evtoee 482 .. 126 27 131 

4502600 Do t.V 868 ., 125 31 136 

Hm&sCT s * ? 

a. 61 1.000 rA Eianan 76 -2 26 38 125 

3421600 Ht±eon 41 • 

J27 mttotaw 136 +1 3.0 Z2 230 

7489600 HoUSottjmommi IBS +6 46 24 249 

Hc*naa Prcmomn 123 *+3 

146m KigDas Food 84 >, +8S OJ 26 2*6 

1.782600 HuaCraa Bac 7b .. 04 SJ 75 

281m Hm4m > Saphlr in -. 38 16249 

1S6m HjnMalghTtKTl IBS *-S 2.1 1.1 223, 

8677600 WSTEfl IB - 0-7 56 24 1311 

3640000 UK 19 +4 36 139 24 

195m tod Set* Energy 85 102 

5674600 biMed 88 

117m fedwmmm* Taco 2 % m+5 39 35 116 

336m knmrlnk Bqvme 200 

106m meat (Jack L) 3* +1 07 2a 1B6 

485m JS PamoiOW 405 +3 46 13 37.1 

156m Jatmei vfit 171 76 46131 

1.120.000 Jaftaac* 7 .. ..4.. 02 

7755600 Jomm 3 Jam 118 •-* 36 31 134 

1Ub UfiUoim Pimta ice -1 81b 56 117 

S52360Q JuB Rubber 71 •+« 26 37116 

17.1b UP 988 +3 47 16 131 

9.48CLOOO Kart (John) 7» B+1 21 27133 

762S600 Karwon Sacs 325 +10 M S 4J1 15.7 

1265600 (Cm* Systems 58 4« 1.7 26 88 

9683000 KUfWem* 61 «+5 15 26135 

3747600 LPA bid 88 39 44 37 

S ii .000 Laksew 71 +8 O U U 

17600 LUahw itanaon ice • -. 38 32 1 36 

1+lrn LaMure toy 81 +5<i 31 34 200 

22.10 Lawmar 33 38 4.1 116 

114a Local Us, Bp 2S3 +3 56 16316 

4683600 lodge Cmw 32 *3 26 36 195 

104m Lon 5 Oyriaitta 115 86 76 KM 

86S3600 La* BbS 188 • .. 386 221*5 

6624.000 Lyeandar PM 48 +12 

O4046OO MB Caaa 3 Carry 101 +8 31 SO .. 

06BO.OOO MMT Comp 319 -2 7.1 25 M2 

4653600 1+cLangrmi 8 Hal 116 rUD 07 00 

123m Mapnmlu llllariill 73 +13 27 37 102 

£ 6 » 60 OMSmt 118 U+8 1A 10 870 

5691600 AMm De» 75 

J30m l*rtn fftonKd) ISO • .. 47 £9216 

1700600 MartsW - 17 -1 

135m Mayfair CBy . . US . 43 36 236. 

Emm Me ado w Fane 2BS 1 . . 34 16238 

185m Marla Teen 121 «-2 4JJ 13 96 

*602600 Udmm 82 • .. 44 04182 

4.719600 Memory Comp 19 -1 232 . 31 

1.107600 Mtncura M H»g* 18 -18 30 275 15 

183m Mmaner^mi 175 -1 36 21 185 

113m Manydown Mm 360 -15 75 21 219 

-lOLSm Moral BOTatkr T20 03 33166 

9600.000 Uataac 7« B .. 37 46 H.1 

5663600 Mom (Join) 05 -1 17 28 138 

BUmlAxxMh, 610 «-10 43 07 42.1 

052600 MboUh* 128 •-7 37 *5 105 

86B1600 MomUkB 33 -*i 15 35 145 

186m MdMMr Una 425 +8 33 06 816 

8410600 UKar 8 P m Ki au M 173 -6 32 16 323 

116m inmn Brown 180 35 23346 

1600600 Maa WarU 198 +0 79 43 85 

uoanme I .. .. 

3844600 MOOrgM Gk> 101 ■* 20 20187 

139m McMa 8 Ova 126 +7 36 81 133 

245m Uerexypo 1M •-! 33 47 .. 

168B600 Malay ffW 53 .. 25 47147 

4540.000 Maria fr&mj 15** -1 .. .. 86 

1420000 Mom AU n rtU n fl 90 -#9 15 96109 

126m MummBn 1B2 • .. 46 22 139 

tUrnMMVCtmm 230 K-S 86 37126 

8700600 New Ct Nat Rm 12<s -1 .... 32 

8696600 NIB Eraind Prop* 24 +3 .. .. 115 

825.000 Oolfflfc 275 ■.. 1000 135 .. 

0208000 (image Tram 70 ..56 7.1 75 

lOftn Mawlo 10 -2 • .. . . 

06*3000 No™* 134 -2 45 32 174 

anaooo Norbeba 45 -3 16 22 «6 

loan Noracot Hcmto 1BO B+l» 36 26 19.7 

6603600 UK see s San 23 .. .. .. 46 

1695600 MBeld Irmpe c 3 -6 26*104 42 

214a Oabttnsl'uBiB X8 « M2U 

215m Ova, Abroad 41 -*, 21 31 116 

56M.OX? per 113 49 41 126 

7.617,000 Pacer Till nan ■ 175 -8 

9403000 Pacfflc Safe* 48 «-2 45 S6 115 

0120600 PanttrarOTa 128 K . . 95 4.1 117 

_ WKlJGD 2D1 -1 

IPKiMLU* 55 -1 .. a .. 5i2 

„ . I« 28 -1 .. 8 .. 4.1 

376m Pbpe Qioup 181 +1 47 29 155 

123m Pwtaan 185 +2 13 b 26 776 

1188600 Perm* u 33 +1 17 56 30 

0528600 Personal Compum 110 +2 O U 115 

lOfte Pam paomeO MB • .. 87 259*6 

2688600 PeeoQan 27 +fl .. .. .. 

2490600 PtaC% Rm9D 32 +3 29 81 103 

2881600 PM P« 84 -1 .. .. 49 

6.188600 PTriappia 74 +4 -■ .- -- 

3.174600 PUamac 89 16 14 85 

Pace do* Grass ft» 

IB * tl W 
Mu mt pm 1 PK 

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9600600 POylecn 
116o Powtrtna 
0100600 Pmreacnrs 

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3322600 QueaM 

188 +12 44 23 136 

100 41 O 43146 


91 •+* 29 32122 

111 -1 18 32 123 

130 .. 45 35144 

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850600 Rwfc C by A‘ 
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104m Radas 
3,705600 RancoOl 
038600 RHUS 

3670600 Rsu Ttae Goatcoi 
913600 RUM Morn 
416m RA*| 
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2638.000 RoBa * NUB> 

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2.1Z7.O0O S*me8V 

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116m Smd 
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148 +8 

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57 56 86 

25 26 217 
46 21 129 
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58 +1 

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7292000 SW Hseourcea 
5400600 Space PUsmBg 
3615600 Spamn AuU 
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3600000 ScKUl 

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B. 162600 Suii» tact 
106m SUMM (ET) 
16*0600 SaMcn Pr Hon 

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0750600 TDS QrsnKa 
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3657600 Tech For Btd 
115* Tacft Comp 
7J2T600 Tataconcoang 
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176m Thopec 
3182600 nm 
124a Tod (Wj) 
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105m Trade Premoaoi 

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58.1m Garwral asm. 



6475m CHm 
1284m Gown Atlrtto 

261 .im Ooao Strategy 

307m Graantriar 

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117.1a, .. . 

•12m (War 6 Marc 



K65a Romney 
2M0AB Rorarto 






+1*» 05 16... 

.. 17.1 39444 

+4 386 46349 

+4 134 44 339 


+8 7.1 19 S7.1 

5*6m Strinarams 
34 iab SoeaWt 
2*l.7m Scot Venaa 



159m Sea Mere "A - 

*0*9m Sac* M^a 



460 28SS7 
84 26685 

29b II M2 
29 266 0* 

mimSmrN* 3 28 

1<Uha Second Mm 745 

1489m Saee To of SeoBnd S3 
Sifts SeaMr Cps ■* 

307m TR AuktKB 113 




• -1 

7£bb tb aiy a um no wj 

1 6m S Gen 

_ i Tfl MS Qen 219 

625m TR Nam* Raa 139 

S02m TR NOW Amarta 102 

128.1m TR Piuac Bain in 

88 . 1 a TR Progeny 68 

2605a TR Ttoh US 

1619m TR Tnmwaa 181 

S35m TK** Bar 103 

1702m Tborgmonon 306 

9525900 Rng SniK tap 275 

■UK tan* Oconto 223 

79.4a Trfene 155 

205a Tram raw he M'J 
2D69tn USDebmare 296 
0.100000 VMm me TK 30 

18 +® VSdng Raaaurca* 41 

80.1m YWJpsol 61, 

3874a Yttu IIS'* 





126 08604 
76 03 547 
264 35367 
466 46 846 

29 24587 
33 29-337 
0ID 00 239 

030 27*79 

09 42 90* 
066 £5 516 
14 06 .. 
16 26450 

06 22 64.7 
09 39 409 
016 59 205 
1166 38 366 



• -1 
• +1 


55 05 509 
46 26*44 
17.1 206 7.7 
96 31 597 
16b 46 .. 
09 7.1 202 
23 36 300 
26b 03 645 


• REXMORE: Interim dnri- 
dend 0.44p (0.4p). The Six 


fisura in m Yta-jar m 



rill MminK DCf Sh3TC 

— * — <4rr»/l. 


and "".rSL'S.S'iStt 

and win review s 

mem in foe light of foe results 

for the year as a whoie. 


TtpNHtV. inienm d.vKkM 

vaitced stage" of negotiations 
for the disposal of its engineer- 
ing subsidiary, Stanefco Prod- 
ucts. and for the acqiusition of 
GDP, a company specializing in 
public relations for foe property 
industry. A detailed announce- 
ment will be made if and when 
the transactions are completed. 

TRUST: FifurKmfflOOfw^f 

MERSEYSIDE): No dividend 
(same). Figures for year to 
September 3Q. Turnover 2,409 
(2.843), profit before rental 187 
(165X IBA primary rental 28! 
(295), operating loss 94 (130), 
net interest paid 60 (51), tax 
credit 15 (95), extraordinary 
items debit 40 (nil), loss per 
share and A ordinary share 
5J5p (3-31) 

TRUST: Final dividend 4p (4p 
second interim), making 5-4p 
(same) for year to October 31. 
Payable January 28. Gross in- 
come £3.643,961 (£4,071.386). 
revenue before tax £2,051,444 
(£2,974,635), revenue after 
charges and tax £1370,734 
(£1,882,198 U earnings per share 
3.95p (5-47). 

year to September 30. Net profit 

J , - FCD lOim MV 1 74 


ar iu — - . n . 

fore tax 568 (S79X 174 


UtM'Hl . 

0.5p (0.45p). Rgwres for 

months to September ( tO 

months to 

. 4 ii m a \ 


77?659 59-024). profit after U* 
144 222 167.787). eammgs per 
share 120p fI-031- 

be company is at ^ 

in cash to a new company 


mcnx of foe PtaM Group, ob- 
ject to foe approval of Tern 


• HOBSON: The company has 
conditionally agreed to acquire 
Banna couth Exports, a pri- 
vately-owned import and export 
group. The inhial consideration 
will be the allotment of 

6.572.976 new ordinary shares, 
of which 4.200,000 will be 
retained by foe vendors and 

2.372.976 are foe subject of an 
offer to Hobson shareholders by 
Brown Shipley. 

GROUP: The company has 
agreed to acquire the Moving 
Hand Group, an advertising 
agency operating in Gibralter. 
The acquisition will be com- 
pleted in January 1987. 


• LEX SERVICE: Lex subsid- 
iary Schweber Electronics and 
Lex. Hectronics UK, have ac- 
quired foe businesses and most 
assets of the Cargill subsidiary, 
Tennant Sons & Co. 

Allied in 
£8m plan 
for pub 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

Affied-Lyons, whose beer 
brands include Ind Coope, 
Tetley, Taylor Walker and 
SkoL is planning to spend £8 
million to seize die lead in the 
computerization of public 

The new computerized sys- 
tems will gfre Allied a market- 
ing edge and improve 
efficiency, and are expected to 
pay for themselves within IE 

The computerization net- 
work frill cover Allied's 2,000 
managed pnhlic houses, 400 of 
which in the South-east have 
been equipped already. That 
first phase cost £35 million 
but was recouped quickly by 
the savings the system makes 

Mr Malcolm Wright, a 
director of Allred Breweries, 
the group's beer division, said: 
“The new equipment puts ns 
well ahead of other British 
brewers and is another step in 
sharpening up onr retailing 
skills. It will give ns an 
nadonirted competitive advan- 
tage. We will know instantiy 
bow iadzvidnal products per- 
form, whether there are re- 
gional preferences — and 
precisely when a particular 
brand sells best" 

Ultimately, Allied will be 
able to update price fists in 
public houses, and managers 
will be able to order replace- 
ment supplies at the touch of a 

More precise stock control 
Is possible and replacements 
can be ordered without 
paperwork. ■ 

The electronic point of sale 
(Epos) terminals will replace 
the traditional cash tills. They 
have been designed in Britain 
by Sharp Electronics, the 
British subsidiary of Sharp of 

Tire move comes after 
Allied's recent installation of 
an Epos system in its 961 off- 
licence outlets. Most of these 
are part of the Victoria Wine 


Since the abortive bid for 
Allied by Elders KL, the 
Australian brewer. Allied has 
been stepping op its search for 
efficiency savings. At the 
weekend, in another develop- 
ment aimed at maximizing 
savings, Allied opened a 
£650,000 effluent treatment 
plant at its Wrexham lager 

The anaerobic plant, said to 
be the first commissioned by a 
key British brewery, is ex- 
pected to cot Wrexham*s an- 
neal effluent bin of £250,000 
by about 80 pm* cent The 
Wrexham experiment will be 
monitored closely to see how 
tor it could be extended to 
other Allied divisions such as 
wines and spirits and food. 


Beyond the gimmicks 
a real role for Sid 

T he extraordinary advertising cam- 
paign for the sale of British Gas 
has had one useful side-effect On 
the stock market at least Joe Soap, the 
snob's caricature of the small investor as 
mug punter, has given way to Sid. Bat is 
Sid just a dupe of government ideology 
or a new popular capitalist to replace 
state ownership? 

The estimated 2 million who have so 
far applied for British Gas shares — 
more or less ensuring that the public will 
at least take up its allotted 40 per cent of 
the issue by Wednesday morning - do 
not, at this stage, look like mugs. 
Attempts to work out returns to private 
investors that allow for payment by 
instalment and for the special incentives 
are artificial. Evidently, gas customers 
who opt for vouchers and keep their 
shares until late summer will earn a 
particularly high short-term return. 
They wifi be entitled to the 4p dividend 
(free of standard rate tax) for the part 
year plus a maximum tax-free £40 
voucher for 400 shares, for which they 
will have paid 50p a share now and 
another 45p at the end of June. By any 
standards, that is worth having. 

Sid is relying on doubling his money on 
British Gas, he would be a mug. 

The pension funds and insurance 
companies will certainly want their 
share of British Gas, which, Labour 
permitting, will become a core invest- 
ment The utility has been such a 
successful industrial organization that 
they wifi swallow annoyance over lack 
of information — for instance over the 
split between profits on price-controlled' 
tariff gas and contract gas. They wifi not 
bother too much that such a vast 
organization is dominated by one man, 
Sir Denis Rooke, who could leave a gap 
when he retires in 1989, and meanwhile 
is unlikely to view higher dividends as 
his top priority. A fair rise in profit next 
year is almost guaranteed by lower gas 
purchase costs. And, quite apart from its 
intrinsic defensive qualities, British Gas 
offers a stable refuge within the volatile 
oil and gas sector. 

In practice, however, most small 
investors wifi be looking at British Gas 
either as a long-term investment or as a 
way of making a fast buck on the stock 
market is early dealings. Either way, 
they will depend on the behaviour of 
home and overseas investment institu- 
tions, who will need to be the main 
buyers for British Gas shares to perform 

B efore the issue price was set, many 
analysts were looking to a price of 
130p, which would offer the 
institutions a 7 per cent prospective 
yield, half-way between Shell and BP. 
But since the price was set at 2 35p, City 
enthusiasm has been unrestrained. 

The political calculus has certainly 
played a part Opinion polls favouring 
Labour, which wants British Gas back 
in the public sector, were the biggest 
potential threat to the issue. In the 
event, they have, at the crucial moment, 
turned the Government’s way. Labour’s 
threat also gives the institutions a 
backhanded interest in a higher issue 
price. At the lower price, they would 
probably have been able to buy even less 
at issue. And the greater the premium 
over issue price at which they buy, the 
greater their exposure to political risk. 

The institutions have become a lot 
smarter since many chased British 
Telecom up too for. They did not repeat 
that with TSB, partly because TSB was 
optional for their portfolios. 

M ost institutions will be prepared 
to pay a premium over a sober 
analytical view of the group’s 
worth. But the sensible will bide their 
time if the premium runs too high. Sir 
Denis is so anxious to re-establish 
British Gas as an oil company that he 
may soon supply more shares through 
takeovers. A reasonable target is a 15p 
to 20p premium — a good return on 5 Op. ' 

The more new investors hold onto 
their shares the better, however. British 
Gas and British Telecom are ideal 
starting points for those who now have 
free savings to diversify from deposits 
and National Savings into stakes in 
British industry. 

Unhappily, Labour sees the utilities 
as its first target for renationalization. If. 
permanent state ownership of industry 
is ever justified, then monopoly utilities 
fit best In some countries, control of the 
monopoly and general enjoyment of its 
profits, might most simply be effected 
through state ownership. Not so in 
Britain, where a bipartisan hands-off 
approach seems impossible and contin- 
ual — and inconsistent - interference is 
the norm. Sir Denis, no privatization 
fan in theory, is well aware of that 
Natural monopolies subject to some 
objective control, some discipline from 
competition and the capital market and 
owned by millions, if not all the people, 
are likely to be much better for Britain 
than monopolies constrained only by 
political whim. Objections to selling the 
family silver are important, but should 
be addressed to the use of the proceeds 
rather than privatization itself. Millions 
of Sids are vital to this process and 
should benefit the economy for all as 
well as their own pockets. 

The TSB giveaway, timed to make 
Sid’s mouth water for Gas, was in any 
case something of a confidence trick. If 

Graham Searjeant 

Financial Editor 

Gestetner Holdings PLC 


In a letter from the Joint Chairmen of Gestetner Holdings PLC of 17th November, 1986. which included a joint press 
announcement released by the Board of Gestetner Holdings PLC and AFP Investment Corporation Limited |"AFP”). details were 
given of recommended proposals for a capital subscription by AFP and open offers by Hoare Govett Limited. An Extraordinary 
General Meeting has been convened for 10.30 a.m. on 19th December. 1986. to be held at The Edinburgh Room, Connaught 
Rooms, 61/65 Great Queen Street London WC2 for the purpose of considering and, if thought fit passing various resolutions, 
including the resolutions necessary (being Resolutions Nos. 1 to 8) in order that the proposals and open offers may become 
unconditional. The form of notice of the Extraordinary General Meeting is sat out below 

Holders of share warrants to bearer may obtain copies of the letter to shareholders and loan stockholders of the Company 
dated 26th November, 1986, which contains further details of the proposals and open offers (including the procedure for accep- 
tance of the open offers and settlement} from the Secretary of the Company at the Company's registered office, together with 
proxy cards for completion. Holders of share warrants to bearer who wish to attend or to be represented at the Meeting without 
warrants should deposit with the Company's Registrars. Barclays Bank PLC. Rad broke Hall, Knutsfbrd. Cheshire VW1 6BR not 
less than forty-eight hours before toe time set for the Extraordinary General Meeting the certificate of a banker, solicitor or 
stockbroker that such warrants are held to toe order of toe Registrars until toe termination of toe Meeting or any adjournment 
thereof and voting instructions, if not attending. 

MEETING of the Company wiD be held Bt The Edinburgh Room, 
Connaught Rooms, 61/65 Great Quea n Street, London WC2 at 
1030 a Jn. on Friday 19th December. 1988 for the purpose of considering 
and. rf thought ftt, passing the foil owing Resolutions ot which Resolution 
No. 1 win be proposed ee a SPECIAL RESOLUTION and Resolutions 
Nos- 2 to 10 induafee wiB be proposed as ORDINARY RESOLUTIONS: 





the subsenption by AFP Investment Corporation Limned or a sub- 
sdiary of AFP investment Corporation United (any such company 

being herwrafler referred lO Jtt "AFP"l ol 10.000.000 Ordinary 

md of 




CapiiK Shares o(25p each in the Company al I40p per share end i 
Cl 15 600,000 nominal amount of 7% Convembie Unsecured Loan 
Srocfc 2001 of rhe Company at par (ni paid) and the grant by the 
Company to AFP of an option to subscribe for a further new 
7261.000 Ordinary Capital Shares of 26p each ot the Company at 
170p per share iQonthe terms and conditions ol an agreement dated 
16ih November 1986 ('Subscription Agreement') made between 
AFP ( I) tf»Company (2/ and certain of me Executive Directors of tfw 
Company (3), as described in the dr cuter letter <o the shareholders 
and loan stockholders ot the Company dated 26lh November 1986. 
be and it is hereby approved. 

subject to the Subscription Agreement becoming unconditional, the 
authorised share capital of the Company be hereby increased from 
£20.000.000 to £50.000.000 by the creation of 120.000,000 
Unclassified Shares of 25p each; 

the Directors be hereby genaraffy aid uncorxfitionrfy authorised for 
the purposes of section 80 ot the Companies Aa 1985 (."Act”) to 
exercse afl the powers of the Company to aHoi relevant securities (as 
defined in the sad section 80) up to an aggregate nominal amount 
equal to the authorised but unissued share esprtai o! the Company (as 
increased by this Resolution) prowled that this authority shall ognre 
on the day preeeehng the fifth anniversary of the massing of this 
Resolution, save Ihatlhe Company may before such expiry make an 
after or agreement which would or mght require relevant securities 
to be shotted after such expiry and the Directors may allot relevant 
Securities in pursuance of such offer or afpeemem as rt lhe authority 
conferred hereby had not expired, such authority lobe in substitution 
for the authority conferred by a resolution of the Company passed on 
t9tft March. 1586 which is hereby revoked, 
the Directors be hereby empowered pursuant to section 95 of the Act 
to aloe eauity securities I within (he meaning of section 94 o* tfe Act) 
pursuant to the authority conferred upon them by this ReMfaitlon as if 
section 89(1) ol the Act did not eppfy to any such afotmenL prOwted 
that the power conferred by this Resolution shall be fanned - 
|i) to the allotment of equity securities to AFP pursuant to Hie 
Subscription Agreement; 

to the alooneni of equity securities fa connection with a rights 
issue fa favour of KiarehoUers where the equity sec unties 
respectively attrfautable to the interests of afl such shareholders 
are proportionate [as nearly as may be) to the respective 
numbers of shares hold by them; and 

or agreement which would or might require equity securities to be 
dotted after such expiry and the Directors may allot equity securities 
in pursuance of such c«tler or agreement as if the power conferred 
hereby had not expired, such power to be in substitution for the 
power conferred by a special resolution of the Company passed on 
19th March. 1986. which is hereby revoked; 
subject to the Subscnpuon Agreement becoming unconditionaf - 
(i) Arncfes 66 and 124 of the An ides of Association of the 
Company be deleted and replaced by the fotowng - 
68 -'The Chairman or. in he absence, some other Director 
nominated by the Directors shaR preside es Chairman at every 
General Meeing of the Company II at any meeting neither such 
Chairman nor such other Director be present within 15 manures 
after the time appointed ter holding the meeting or ft none of 
them be wfling to act as Chairmen, the Directors present shall 
choose some Director present to be Chairman or. ft no Director 
be present or if afl the Directors present decline to take the chair, 
the Members present shafl choose some Member present to be 

124-"The Direaors may from feme to lime elect from ther 
number and remove a Chanrun or President or Joint PnsUent 

and Deputy Chairman and determine the period ter when they 
are to hold office. The Chairman pr the Deputy Chairman, or in 
rftar absence some ortwr Director nommafsd bv the Chairmen wt 
wnilng. shal preside at afl meetings of the Directors, but rt at 
any meeting neither the Chairman. Deputy Chairman nor such 
Other Director be present untivn hue minutes after the lane 
appointed tor hokSng same; or if none of them be wifing to ad 
as Chairman, the Directors present may choose one of ther 
number to be chav-man of the Meenrg ". 

the words 'or Joint Chairman (if any), to be cflvided equally 
among them' be deleted Irom Article 


[in| to lhe afcxmen] (otherwise than pursuant to sub-paragraphs (i) 

and (•) above) of equity securi&es having, m the case ol relevant 
oes of the saU section 89). a 

shares fas defined for the purposes (. 

nominal amount on in lhe esse of other equity securities, giving 
the right to subscribe for or convert into relevant shares having 
a nominal amount not exceeding in aggregate E2.5OO.D00. 
and shall expire on the first srmiverssry O I ttaa passing of tfris Reso- 
lution. saw that lhe Company may before such expiry make an offer 
Dated this 26ih day ot November. 1986 
Registered Office: Al Fawfey Road. London N17 9u 

91 of the Articles «f 

Association Of the Company; 

(n) the words "nnesfxJ one-haff tones' in Article 108(A) of lhe Articles 
of Association of.the Company be replaced by the word 'twice’; 

ire) the worcte ‘of ttw meeting" be fawned after ihe word "Chafanan" 
in Article 121 of the Articles of Assooawn of the Company 
2. THAT subject to completion of the Subscription Agreement B A Seflers 
be appointed as a Director of the Company 
3 THAT. stAjeatoOTiioletionoftiieSubscraiiwAgreemaiiLRG.Melgaanl 
be appointed as a Director of the Company 
4. THAT, subied to txxnpletnn of the Subscription Agreement. RA Crawford 
be appointed as a Director of the Company. 
b THAT, subject to completion of the Subscription Agreement PD. Scanlon 
be appoinied as a Dwaaor ot the Company. 

8 THAT sublea to compteriond the Subsnipiion Agreement WJ Gerehty 
be appointed as a Director of the Company. 

7 THAT, cubjea to compieiion of the Subscription Agreement. D.Fitzrimons 

be appointed as a Director d the Company 

8 THAT subject to comptehon of the Subscription AgjwnentR. Wiesenor 

be appointed as a Deector of the Company 

9 THAT the proposed payment to Sir Kenneth Ctuces upon his resignation 

as a Dracior d theCompany of the sum d £7.500 be and is hereby 
approved and the Directors be and they am hereby authorised io 
make such payment. 

10. THAT the propos ed payment to Mr A.E. Singer upon his re^Tiatten as a 
Director ol the Company of the sum of £7.500 be and is hereby 
approved and the Directors he and (hoy are hereby authorised to 
make such payment. 

' By Order d the Board. 

RLE Lewis FCA. Secretary 


( J J A member d the Company entitled to attend and vote b entitled to appoint one or more proxies to attend and. on a poll. :o vote instead of him- The proxy 
need noi also be a member of lhe Company. In the case of a corporation the pra <y should be signed by a duty authonaed offeer or attorney of lhe corporation 
121 Forms Of proxy and any power of attorney or other authority under which they are signed mua be lodged ai Barclays Bank PLC. Re^strainn. Badbroka 
Hall. Knutsford. Cheshire VWft 16 68 R not lass than 58 hours before the lane appointed for the Meeting 

41 Fawley Road, 
London N 17 9LT. 

1st December. 1986 

RLE Lewis FCA, 



- ( gbld- 

From your portfolio card check your 
right share price movements, on this page 
o3ly. Add them up to rave yon your 
overall total nad check mis against tike 
daily dividend figure. If it matches, yon 
have woo outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money seated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card. Yon most always have 
your can! available when ntahning 

No. Onw 


Grin or 

hist Leisure 


SHnon Eno 

bdnstriala S-Z 

Davis (Ccdfivy) 


Ben tails 

Drapery Aorts 

Senior Eqb 

Induatriab S-Z 

Wind While 

Drapery .Suncs 

Scon Greenhaia 

Industrials S-Z 

Guinness Pec 

HfnH nilmnnr 

FXJ Elect 


Win mat 


Bank of Ireland 

Banks, Discocnt 



Nat Aim Bank 




Mercury tut 


Body Shop 


Basset! Foods 




Ash A Lacey 

Indnsmais A-D 

Bloc Cirele 


Time Products 

Drapery Flores 

Unlock Jobnsen 



Building «E,flari« 

Heywood WiOiams 

BET Old 

lodnsnials A-D 

Yorkshire TV 


Aberdeen Goostr 



I nd annals A-D 


Inchutrials E-K 



Satvesco (Onto) 




ClifTonfs Dairies 


Ashley (Laura) 

Drapery Stores 

Equity A Gen 

Pff|rf nwwml 



Lee (Arthur) 

Industrials LrR 

Thorn EMI 


N unlra & Peacock 


Blue Area 

Industrials A-D 

Greenall Whitley 


Fosera Miuscp 







Capitalization and week’s change 

(Current market price multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the stock 
ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began November 24. Dealings end Friday. §Contango day December 8. 

§Forward are permitted on two previous business days. 

day December 15 . 

WhfeatodaHin w o n ly o na pri ce quoted, tiwi t w 


Claims required for 
+50 points 

Claimants shOflld nflgQ254-532?^ 

Please be sure to take account 
of any minus signs 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weddy dividend of £ 8,000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 







Pnea Ch'ga M. ftm 
MM on only Had. 
wriM* j A im 

1125* Tn 

SHORTS (Under Five Years) 

1251m Been 1»'<% 1987 100>i . . 

997m irons 10n% 1987 994 .. 

BBBM Each 2 b% 1987 964 . . 

1545m Excft 10b% 1987 994 . . 

S82n Fund 6“!% 19B0-E7 984 + b 

1500* Tires 10% 1987 894*.. 

91 9a Treaa 3% 1987 964 +'* 

1963m Haas 12% 1987 1004 .. 

484mTYmia 7*«% 1985-88 984 .. 
1435m Both 104% 1988 99 

I CSVfc 1909 99 •+■« 

l Ham 3% 1 97888 924® +14 
I Tram 94% 1988 87 

11')% 1889 1004 +'• 

1378m Dwa 104% 1989 96'.®+’. 

23213m Exch 10% 1909 96 1 ! +'. 

1102m East 104% 1989 1004 +1 

198fio Exdi 11% 1989 994 +4 

S3fim Tmts S% 198849 894 44 

1107a HUH C94% 1989 964 44 

443o Haas » 1909 88S +4 

1043m Tram 13% 1090 io+s +4 

1391m EMn 11% 19*5 994 +4 

1292a Ban 124% 1990 1034 +4 

«2m Ham 3% 1980 84 *4 

559* Ham 84% 1887-90 934 • . . 

1817m Tiaas 10% 1990 984 +4 

403m E sen 24% 1990 80S 

■ — - Tram ClOq% 1991 984 +4 

2228m Tram 114% 1991 1014 +4 

3«9m Fund 54% 1967-91 074 . . 

1388m Bon 11% 1991 994 +4 

3l9n Ham 8% 1991 794 +4 


947m Haas 124% 1992 1054 

1329m Ham 10% 1992 944 

916m Tram C104% 1992 984 

1383m Exdi 124% 1992 1034 

1907m Bon 134% 1982 1084 

1129m Tram 10% I9ss 844 

1155* Tram 124% 1993 IDS 

463a Fund 6% 1993 024 

1384m Ham 184% 1893 1104 

warn Tram 144% 1994 1154 

1833m Bon 124% 1894 1054 

1212m Bon ~13'i% 1984 111 

1245m Tram 9% IBM 
24 14n Horn 12% 1995 1C 

158m Gm 3% 199095 724 

1978m Esdi 10'*% 1996 94 

1078m Ham 124% 1895 1074 

1024m Tram 14% 1998 1134 

681m Tram 9% 1982-06 884 

1634m Ham 154% 1888 
890* Each 134% 1988 
3TI8 MifR 8% 1998 
655m Com 10% 1998 
lEQan HOU 134% 1997 
2667m Exch 104% 1997 
into Haas 84% 1997 
1200* Eh* 15% 1907 
738m Ham 04% 1995-98 
2*0ta Emu 94% 1906 
1379* Tram 154% 1993 
2610m Emu 12% 1993 
992m Tram 9'i% 1889 
3096m Ban 124% 1899 
1200m Trass 104% 1990 
1364m Can* 104% 1999 
2031m Tram 13% 2000 
10«Sm Cam 9% 2000 

79ira Trass 
732m Cam 
1448 b TTeae 

10 % 2001 
94% 2001 
14% 199601 1154 +4 










































669m Con* 10% 2002 034 ' +14 

1670m Exch 12% 1BS5MH 10*4 +4 
1142m Tram 94% 2DQ2 914 +4 
935m Tram -104 2003 934 +». 

2097m Tram 134% 2000-03 1184 +4 
iflSfta Tress 114% 2001-04 103 +'■ 

BM* Tires 10% 2004 934 +1 

213* Fund 3 ’j% 1999-04 48 > . . 
998m Con* B'i%2004 894 +4 

1388m Con* S',-% 2005 894 +4 

1028m Each 10V% 2005 974 +>. 

2481m Ham 124% 2003-03 1114 +% 
549m Ham 6% 2002-06 784 +1 
330m Con* 94% 2006 92 +4 

3337* Tram 114% 2003-07 IBS'. +4 
1498m Trass 134% 20W-08 1194 +4 
785m Tress 8% 2009 794 +1 

57701 Tran 54% 2008-12 574 . . 

53to Trail 74% 2012-15 78 +4 

1123* Boh 12% 2013-17 1124M+1 


138* ConscH 4 % 

3B>> . 

03ta War Ln 3'j% 

tnt . 

74m Cm 



15n Tran 


20% . 

63m Gonaab 2'i% 


ll to Truax 


23'i . 


750 b 




1111 m 



Tram B. 2% 
Haas a. 2% 
Ham 0. 2% 
HassU’ 1 % 
Haas mP:% 
Tram 8. 2% 
Trass H2'!% 
Tram B5'i% 
Treas IL24% 
Tram U4% 
Tram U'>% 
Ham IL24% 








3018 A 

1244 +4 
1074 +4 
1154 +4 

100 +4 
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S738m BMl Bnk Ol Scot 30S +4 1*5 43 35 

1805b Bdnrodsra 720 +10 154 2.1 135 

15848b stand Oat 
824a IMon 
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080 -0 625 10 005 

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4004800 POCI** 
6765m RMC 
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Martsy 12 S 

ManMa (HOta) 196 
Kay & Hasaal 128 
McMpkm (ABacQ 392 
McCarthy & 6 250 

Mam H 292 

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MOHUm (John) 856 

n—nmit sis 

NaamtfM Bride 215 

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Rugby camara . 174 
a* 0 M A Rahar 132 



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Taylor W uulw 300 
Trowy Ona 190 
TravM A Arnold 

198* VMrnpHn a 
875* Ward 
2796800 Warrington (T) wan Hum 
15 * 6.000 wmm Bras 
158* Wham 
205.0* I 
































35b 25 20.1 
58 45204 
25 25 137 
25 35 10 
68 45125 
54 73 215 
65 68133 

25 IB 363 
14 25 17 

54 30 142 

108 SB 115 
20 10115 

10.1 11 135 

211 37 110 

28 35228 

7.1 17 144 
145 339115 
107 2B 107 
107 2B 107 

57 85 IB 
55*112 44 
102 27 112 
77 12 211 
125 35117 
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4.1 15 110 
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167 15 165 
S3 43 HI 
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208 12105 
203 12144 
1M 43120 
120 45105 

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60 30123 

130 30170 
127 42133 

34 44144 
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15 15 004 
TOO 11 312 

168 47 115 
104 10163 

14 15 100 
SB 34 142 

15 15 29.4 
07 05 173 

35 15166 

nUM Wknpay (Giorgij 






28205m akzo N/v Baarar 




76 .. 

3035m AM Coaato 




18 257 

2256ns Aimnlaisi 


• +T7 


25 234 

0561800 Anchor Ctfedcd 


• .. 






40 HU 




03 .. 

368* BBgdan 




84 188 

784m Bra* Owma 




44 174 

495ra Br Ban** 





217* Canning (W) 




42 204 

244Sm Cora* 



42 04 


• +6 


36 124 

415m Do 'A' 


• +0 


48 11.1 

3600600 C*» (Horaoa) 
182.7m Crada 




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58 07 
13 104 

141m Do DU 


• +1 

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40.7*0* A Enranl 





217* EWda 



08 138 

20 FtoacoMfeisap 


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11 102 

224m Haknaod (Jre*a) 


• -1 


48 9.1 

776m Mckson 




56 111 

4J442m Hoachsi DMSO 



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435m Holt Lloyd 





7.1485* Imp Oran bid 





6567* Labor* 

176* Lalgh 



3.1 100 





1.1717* Honk HpUo 






18 221 

0579800 RsMrx* Md(* 




2709* RanoM 




339Aa SfBA BPO 



0591800 SuKBtta Spaakman 
145m WUnanham fib* 



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.. 676 
45 208 

226* VariaM* Cham 






435m AntflB TV 'A' 
HEX* Cons* TV 

6721.000 r 

425a HIV I 
717m LWT I .. 
375* 6rt TV 
865* TVS N/V 
105m TON 
1415m nomas TV 
87 Om TV-AM 
1139800 Ubiar TV 
S03m YDrtmhba TV 









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56 107 


• -3 






56 126 


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115* Preaoy (Allrad) 130 
2194m Ramara UaudtanQ Mi 

8457800 H—dMlUm 380 
41.7* Do r K 
4 8WL0M S A U SO** 


375* liaMI 
394* Tima Product! 
165* Tip Top Ding 
467* UraarMOoda 
Him Ward WMM 




11 192 


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17 205 




15 2Z6 





8 241 



16 31.1 


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22 314 


• +7 


11 M7 



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11 196 







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17 245 



12 40144 

45 25330 

17275m Wa* u B 

79 1 ! M+3 
1«3 -12 

172 M+2 

310 M+4 107 34 173 

171 35a 2.1 .. 

74 -1 

800 +O0 225b 34 105 


605m AB Bad 
Sum Mpnamaria 
(B42ra Amatrad 


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15 228 


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Prica Cn'gaG™" S2 
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13198* oris 6 wfl ra M m wet +s camnriaoa Bao 201 *+i 

MO* CAP Dp 180 +12 

3B5m Du«M« A MBS 
Si 2m Dt£M* a 

3974m EM c ira c o nmonama 380 M-6 

837800 Baobortc ftach n -3 

SO +1 

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mm 200 

1WM FW Sad 84 +7 

2*25* FamaS Bad 183 +3 

4117* r ac ra ni 97 -i 

125* Foarari Tacb SI +2 

42068* QEC 184 +4 

A789L000 GkDBMmr 133 

7$msns KUMnd Bad 00 M +2 

438m BL 00 +C 

«i7ab u SKinai a conmaw 

246 -6 

220 M+e 
308 M+18 

201 M+5 

2S5 +20 


TOO +3 

145m I 
IfIBm D 

1415m aOtEMO 
<37* Macro 4 

317* loam BS 
T27m Mao RICB 
715m I 





• -2 

• *4 


7700800 MMtono Baot 
Ml* Many Bact 

18S5* oSdMB na aanM 406 -17 

114m M Msh h ObM 164 +2 

125* PMcon 21 *j • .. 

121* PhHpa HD 6%% QHPi • . . 
35125m pin* Lamps w/v rt4% +% 

aaOBLODB OP -a- Utf Voting 107 *B 
17925m Pteatay 174 +0 

HWUa Du ADR 26 ElITt -<■ 

115* Prasaac M9 e-0 

12 . 1 m OM AuUaraOon 75 -6 

18125m Rac* BaM 177 +8 

130* Soamromo 125 «+2 

427m Ecnotea pH) 383 8+10 

■20* Sand DfflMtm 45 +3 

SM* STC 170 +12 

30J* Star* M 112+4 

644* Stamm Dadgasra SB -2 
2.1085m TOK ET7H +*. 

iS4^b Tdopbona Raraab 168 •+« 

114* TaMnvB* 07- +1T 

18335* Thom EM 476 +7 

S0.1BI HbmM 315 +35 

ifiSJtaUO 318 e+o 

925* Untach 201 -2 

105.1* UM Lankin IB2 +M 

005* UM Bu to n d fc ISO -3 

2115* VQ tutimaa 423 -e 

368* VOtos 235 -1 

107* Wmm smart on 73 


Li* WhoMaaM Htog 273 +0 

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Wa no* tM Ota cap mOia dai kom are 

— toT' 

30 27167 

34 07 178 
65 17262 
75b 60129 

17 1.1 130 

45 16215 

18 00 .. 

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16 30 62 

20 08204 
25 10115 

4.1 20 114 

94 24 160 
18 12 .. 
40 12184 
05b 20 172 
60 24 15.1 

1.1 I52L3 

35 15160 

24 25101 
18 28215 

11 35115 

35 45105 

17 25 65 
15 04 .. 
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17.1b 15 595 
175 64 105 

14 05 237 

108 40 145 

14 07 358 
45 1JU7 
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7.1 18 242 

21 15165 

Ol 02 311 
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25 07 170 

48 10 .. 
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376 10 .. 

62 25129 
62 45 10 

12 11 129 

25 25134 

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45 24167 
20 10 217 

164 45111 

07 16 115 

11 12113 

68 92205 

07 15 130 

104 15 MO 

26 44 32 
258 65345 

25 05217 
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65 45 MB 
17 If 11 
11 14 124 

45 18 235 

165 17 75 

45b 17 TOO 
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120 44 115 
16 21 - 




233 +8 15 

141 +1 . . a 

136 +6 65 

05 .; 

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10 .. 

15*6000 Caiman s * 
7823800 Ew«y A ban 
378* Nory 6 8MB 
• G28* IMsdb 

674m NbThmm Lea 
535m DO 3% 

160m PBriah (J71 

Taradan* at** 

Finan c ia l Trasta 




16 742 




26 345 




• +3 






47 207 




46 202 




26 29.1 




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1.730J* ASQA+OT IS 

25B3800 Mc*a Drtnfca 22 

S3*8m Aim* 316 

15394m AB Food 33S 

185m Aaaoc fM ia rf aa - ioa 

1065* Arana 474 

118m Banka CSbMmr O 330 

1342m Barimr a Oobaou 1*4 
IS* Bur (ACT 312 

2A4m BaaaaK Foods 193 

IIJteBMMw *1 

2064m Briam 167 

6455m BartsloidjB A W) 296 

3527800 BMabH Corf 100 

4804b Bador 340 

345b Bortnrick 66 

15215* CadHjry oriraappaa iW 
115 b C*ti UBu in 

9572000 CMorda oAaa 290 

2 SB* Do ■ A ' 219 

175* Diana 136 

15UL3aDS8 . 206 

6.720,000 B**M (M 112 
111.1B Ftalmr (AJbarVi 175 
193*1 Rk» Loaa 259 

484* QariUdgata 146 

315b OSmo Otorar 236 
202 . 1 m llail Bnopa FOoria 164 
673a H*uda 171 

661Ba HBadoMi mgs 22 i 
3574500 Homs Farm 93 

29.1* Huasr SapNr 198 
766m iedaW Fnarni 260 
3815m IMh SM 252 

2.760800 Laaa (Jd* 5 138 

920800 Loral JOT 90 

794 * Lnw (An) 886 

1715m IMHwm (Brnrarq 270 
4,199800 Ha* Tradn Supp 100 
1005m Mortan (W) mi 
308m McboM M4 (Vtmo)210 
314m Msnnm* 57 

6945* NUm Fooda 270 

1865b Madh A PaaoncB 188 
160* Para Fooda 102 
B2B5m RHM 266 

6005m Rownbaa Mac 418 
25415m Sdmbuy M 4U 
. 4145m SMra a an (Otto) iso 
1104800 Somponal 218 

402.4m mil* 681 

1.447800 TauBMrlwiaOBI 60 
1524AU Taaoo 383 

712. 4ra Unteste 310 

041 J* IM EfccUK 231 

1 B5b Watson & PMp 144 







35 149 



27 Hi 





37 152 


58 76 


.. 244 



42 08 







37 178 




65 317 

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1.1 184 



46 214 



46 110 



36 106 


58 125 




50 W7 



16 206 



56 155 



18 208 



24 112 

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16 221 




• +15 


21 145 


15 19 


15 246 


16 248 



1* 143 



26 119 


11 98 



35 155 

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18 245 

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48 326 





42 136 


49 219 


42 W4 

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34 102 






13 136 



45 116 


28 248 



11 106 



06 1IJB 

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25 218 




• -4 


19 129 



17 108 


6539800 Friandly Hal 

4.104.1m OMIM 

^ISSS^ 0 ™*™ 

235m Lon l%rk Hotato 
2062m Mart Chartaas 
138m Pmoa Of W Hotab 
iSZAn Ouaana Mora 
1018m Saioy HoMM 'A' 
188.1m SMidl 
1.42a&a Tresthousa Forta 


• .. 


































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755 * Aca Raararch 
taa* aju 
1685m APV 
312m Aanmon 
405m Atemndra 
24.7m Almac 
7J75800 Ambar M 
7593800 AppMuu 
557680Q Aranaon 
“I Armaw 

— 1 ABl A Lacay 

3016800 ABSa* 
3jsmm Am A- B<a a% 

665m Aurora 

U3m Aaon Rubbar 
2500000 r - 

234 .. 

177 -2 

127 +2 

588 +3 

80 +4 

224 +2 

370 • 

202 +9 








4.7 132 
64 265 
15 125 
44 105 
75 95 
64 114 
25 225 
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124 45 135 
■8 35128 
15 35 T5 
08 21 118 
304 7.7 115 
.. 0 .. 310 
114 65 .. 
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+14 114 64 135 
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43 111 


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47 84 



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17a 24 302 
25 65 75 
103 7.1 19 
45 65144 
124 4.1 143 
35 15163 
45 35111 

15-Bra FttDWton 
3541500 Ftamte CSW 
1782800 ftttai 36 

ISA Fogarty 38 • 

959*800 FoCa Qromi N/V 32V • 

302m RAharoll aTtaray 241 
B.743JMQ Frauds (Thomas) 96 

315m IS M 
6845m BKN 
9549800 GR 
3,906800 Qanon Bn p 

6.7W3* GMH) 

2925m GJynwad 
Him Coring Kafr 

29.1m Gnaaptan M 3 * 
7425* Oanada 
1365m Qtahrta 
aoia^mo hbh .. 
s£tm K* Em 
1134m H * M 
114&000 rwa* 
loafl* Mm 
194m Ha mpaon M 
128* HartmB 
65668m Ha nann 
3528* Dp 8% On* 
1768m Do 5>4% Pf 

1,4992* Do 10% 


20UM HawMy 


__ B-2 

274 B+1* 

300' • .. 
106 • .. 

134 B+4 

918 +8 

322 B+aU 
263 +6 

140 +1 


90 +3 

238 +16 

M +6 

187 +3 

261 +3 

80 -1 

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200 +s 

£198 +3 


£128'. +!■» 

270 -1 

250 +3 

443 ■ +26 

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7.1 11 111 
55 13 174 
15 245 
15 14 
55 65 75 
05 195 

11 65115 
25 62 75 
125 52 165 
41 7.1 . 

14 95115 
175 65 95 
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65 47 68 
£1 1.1 164 

60 67113 

208 22195 

-125 40 111 
115 11 17 
68 43141 
105 35125 

25 25165 
125 6311.1 
65 45115 

143 75 115 
24 00 29.1 

15 35145 

1716800 Bur A WA 'A' 
7577000 Booaay A Hank 
56 fits Share Waftar 
100* Omari 
495m Chryaria 
120 . 1 * FtattoMura 

241m ORA 

I.IWlDOO HaritUDar Brao 
723m Horta* Ttarai 
S58* mt Lflbuu 
1580000 JuBana'a Wdoa 
78.1 m Laa M 
4,125,000 I 

2s&9* HapaaiBi Cnmkc 100 

70S •— 1 

■ 01.7* !**■ 
7425800 Hawbt (J) 

1586800 Hgtarai A 
fiSOm Hoi* Bim 
665* Hopuraona 
515* Houdan ■ 

■ &3I* Huntog Araoc 
245* Maitkig Qnwp 









322 B-1 


















45 .. 
75 .. 
25 VUI 
45 95 
25 64 
2.1 194 
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11 213 
35 no 
65 65 
35 85 
75 04 

415m Raatr (Jaoruf 
6573800 FMay La** 
297*n sags Hoadnra 
33 . 1 m samiatanap 

sjoraSoo ■ 

115* Zattare 

105 74 105 
.. .. 061 
75 35 162 

14 12 32-1 

88 43 122 
95 36198 
.. .. 47.1 

.. .. 11.7 

63 43 19 

74 19 112 

15 35205 
35 24 154 
85 64 108 

11.1 34 135 

111 42 113 

.. • .. S31A 
65 40144 
34 22 62 
45 27 .. 

7.1 35 117 









305* botran 

1313800 JackaOf 
0795* JtnftM 1*0*1 
541* Jahraan CManm 500 
267.0* Johnson Manay 213 
3S.flm Joluiaon A FS 34 >i 

338* Jofffia** 330 • 

118* Jonas 6 flhlpaan 10S 

13.1m Joodn (Ibonm* 108 
5868800 HMnaamu sn B+2b 

385m KBon 314 

7JQWS3 KeSaay bid 250 +3 

7573500 Kanwdy Soda 131 -2 

014m Karahaw (A1 263 +6 

7.B3500 Ktoao-E-ZO 25B -2 

75 45141 
2.1 15 105 

05 34165 











11 135 
17 144 
.. 175 
62 78 
11 144 
11 222 
17 217, 
44 125 
44 140 
11 228 
33 226 

L- R 

2(801,000 LDH 
1155b Lap 
1765 b Lritf 
2240^000 LimM 

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Lin I 
Do DU 
Ion A MM 
Loo M 
Low A Barer 










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UaW Bax 

206* M«**l Samara 












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Naran an Tonka 
NabM A Laid 

116 m 




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Ru-Swrih tada 
omes am Mscft 
pm* Knol 'A' 
Parrijh JT 

15167* PBUngMi 
4601800 PMadc Carar 
1447* PV* 


































eti Nips 

1264* PW 
1531800 Dad** MM 
1,1164* Rank Ckg 
+87* Ransoma SM* 
4483800 HMBWb (Gt Brtdgs) 
1.192.1* FMdda A Cofcoan 
174* HadtoBn GMaa 










M+l 1 ! 






• +7 







• +« 

• +7 

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14545* Rsud hd 
211m IWmi 

1 N aw Biia w 





115* Rsaanor 1HJ 

1,7388* Rautors 636 

4828800 Ramrora 3> 

192* Hcrado Eng 134 

1500.000 Richard (Luka) 7S 

SMTJ30B AkABdaan Ktot W 

205* nubaraan ta 91 

434* RUBWSl (Thcxnre) 293 
no* floctamre SO 

flare ids 

162* DO 'A' HM 

9578800 Rotaprint 2% 

“ .ImRoBk 132 

W 83 

• +6 

• +17 

• +1 

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03 25 166 
66 38266 
96 45 67 
25 55 12 
66 45 95 
65 28306 

35 10 17 

64 64 74 

15 65 110 
145 78113 

74 95138 

65 25202 
750 35114 

114b 25165 
25 66 84 
15b 46166 

37 27110 

27 66 10 
145 66 115 

16 18 95 

66 15 238 

45 63 75 

25 11 17 
87 66 13 
78 35 .. 
16 85 277 

36 45134 

11 18 215 
55 46147 

113 UIM 
126 48 17.7 
14 07 .. 
21 06167 

108 85 64 
14 37 876 
103 69 112 
18 1.1 294 
1.7 35 164 
116 13128 

67 10 219 

111 19 75 

17.1 4.1 118 

184 26117 

98 11206 
285 47110 

28 04286 
08 08 288 

196 If 166 

4.1 11 148 

106 44106 
25 18 364 
22.1 73 215 

12 1.1 166 

64 36124 

16 25 22.1 

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74 45 145 

17 16 66 
225 10 17.4 

18 38 04 

64 15 164 

65 25 .. 

05 15167 
11 05 fit 
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64 18124 
64 18 428 

16 36 126 
48 14 10S 

10 17 66 


36 46105 
66b 15 405 
.. « .. 116 
13 II 75 
95 85 7.1 
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11 11 *m 

25 18 25.7 

1405m Ang Amur Coal 
2334.1m Apg Am 
1.1085* Am Geld 
5208* AAIT 
517* AndOfsal 
91 7m Db-A’ 

1.760,000 Avar Htam 
823m Bh+oora 
162m B*c*an 
WMB* Buflota 
15567* CRA 
205m Cmr Boyd 
1536.1m Core GotSaHa 
17BB-7* Da Baara 
2138 m Daala —l 
BIT* Duonrtonmin 
18969* OrManMn 
117m Dwbun 
366m El 
5517* 1 .. __ . 
9473800 a On* 
uin Babum 
1348m E Ram Grid 
160m E Rand Prop 

FS cum 

FS Dar 

1820800 Qrerar Tin 
2112m Gan&ai 
0702m Gan MWng 
7765* GFSA 
72.1m GM Kaigoaia 
7576800 Gepcng 
,348m Qreanrarit Raa 
mrei OroonM 
39LMD Hampaoo Are* 
1045* Harmony 
4166m HarQM 
9415m Jomnias 
1732m Kloros* 

156.7m no* 

155m Laala 
97 2m Ubanan 
585* Lank* 

5427* UOI 
1305* l lal iyrt an MUng 
3800000 Mariurah 
175* MataB Exp 
1400800 Mwngrt 
975* HfcHa MBa 

BlImNDi KU^ 

108* ftSSl Tta 
2111* Mb waiwnd 

Rand Irina Ud 

— Rand Mm prop 
3729* RandtanM* 
1912* Hartaon 
2863.6* RTZ 
VT12K RuaMug 
&k&m S! KefeE, 
9842800 BA Land 
7767* Soutnraal 
961* SBtonMta 
9772800 SimgU BHl 
115* TmBfl 
13S2* IW 

1 Vankromoat 
1 w ak ion i a* 


7590000 ' 

9.197800 ' _ 

3847800 Wbdda Cotay 
1372* wa — m 
1072* Wawm Areas 
0904m Waawn Drep 
6008m Vtaswn IfliSia 
9470.000 West Rand Core 
43H WMm Crank 
16U* WMMa 


137* Zaap* Coppar 
7842800 Zancpai 

.. b .. 60.1 
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446 16 .. 
271 12 .. 

142 45 .. 
142 45 .. 

475 3TLT .. 
798 338 .. 
268 224 .. 
282 205 

366 65165 
168 34 
48 15 

928 116 
126 117 

128 11 .. 
66 11146 

£2 W " 


.. .. 16 

608 65 
878 104 
410 45 

206 408 

648 214 
54 17 326 
626 11 
178 45 
348 47 
898 95 
400 78 
298 305 
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Compaq Computer Corporation, 
the fastest-growing personal computer 
company in the world, is also the fastest 

ever to reach the Fortune 500. 

The key to such startling growth is 

an unwavering commitment to quality 

and customer satisfaction. 

When Compaq went looking for 

N a first European manufacturing 
site they asked some demanding 

questions. In Scotland they discovered 
a location that was absolutely right 

for them. 

Right because all the support in- 
dustries and infrastructure they require 

are already in place. 

Right because a large percentage 

of their European market is in Britain. 

Right because of the skills, quick 
wits and firm commitment of the 

Scottish people. 

Right because the Scottish Devel- 
opment Agency went to great lengths 
to offer a package tailor-made to 
Compaq’s needs. 

Scotland, like Compaq, offers 
quality and customer satisfaction.That’s 
why they are such compatible partners. 

Locate In Scotland. 



«a mm**** 
* - 1 



The man 


big spenders 

in his sights 

S ir Gordon Downey, 
the Comptroller and 
Auditor General, has 
the sort of job security 
ordinary mortals 
only dream about 
He can be sacked only by 
the Queen herself and then 
only after an address from 
both Jiouses of Parliament 
It is a wise precaution. Sir 
Gordon's job is to be a critic. 
His target is anyone (with the 
exceptions of the nationalized 
industries and local govern- 
ment) who uses or benefits 
from the public purse. 

He is, in the words of 
Whitehall-watcher Peter 
Hennessy, the man who pro- 
vides MPs on the Public 
Accounts Committee with 
loaded pistols to fire at White- 
hall permanent secretaries 
summoned before them to 
account for their financial 

Reports pour out of his 
offices at a rate of one every 
week or 10 days throughout 
the parliamentary session, and 
they pull no punches, so Sir 
Gordon needs his protection. 

His title is, in feet, an 
abbreviation. The fuD name of 
the office — though even its 
holder finds it hard to remem- 
ber — is Comptroller General 
of the Receipt and Issue ofHer 
Majesty’s Exchequer and 
Auditor General of Public 

There has been a comp- 
troller around in one form or 
another since 1314, but the 
modern-day office of Comp- 
troller and Auditor General 
really dates from 1866 when 
the Exchequer and Audit 
Department was set up. 

As Comptroller General, he 
authorizes the issue of public 
funds to government depart- 
ments and other public sector 
bodies. As Auditor General be 
audits departments' income 
and expenditure accounts and 
reports the results to 
Parliament . . . 

He also - and this is where 
the Comptroller and Auditor 
General gets most publicity — 
has powers to do value for 
money audits on almost any- 
thing he chooses. He is en- 
tirely independent of the 
executive and he alone de- 
cides which targets he should 
go for and how. 

One of the most astonishing stories, die classic cases of 
things about the National waste and extravagance: To- 
Audrt Office (the name given day the reports on major areas 
to Sir Gordon’s unit when the of government activity are 
1983 National Audit Act look more rounded, giving plus 
the Exchequer and Audit points as well as minus ones. 
Department out of Whitehall since knowing that you are 
and made it totally indepen- doing things right can be just 
dent) is the sheer volume of as important as knowing 
work that its staff of fewer 'where, and how, things have 

than 1,000 get through. gone wrong. 

The Comptroller is the The office lords for the 
auditor for nearly 500 public ‘three EY — economy, ef- 

sector accounts whose com- 
bined expenditure and rev- 

fidency and effectiveness. 
Economy is looking to see 

<1 l l \ 

. - • * 

enue run into many billions of whether a given output can be 
pounds. Just taking one sec- achieved with the minimum 

lion of the work — the annual use of resources. That might 
accounts of government point tQ identifying savings in 
departments — there are 189 public expenditure, 
of those, spending between Efficiency is not necessarily 
them more than £100 billion a concerned 
year. savings fc 

On top of the straight output; efl 
financial audits the office improved 

t- * 


1 : 

i i VC' 

. a; : , > 

i ' * • ' 

Speaking op? Bernard WeafoeriO, Speaker off the Hrase of Cummins, with Sir Gordon Downey a* the opening o® Friday of the National Audit Office 

ments are accountable to 
them more than £100 billion a concerned with identifying Parliament 
year. savings for a given level of This view has been rejected 

On top of the straight output; efficiency can also be by the PAC and others on the 
financial audits the office improved by increasing the grounds that, in practice, 
publishes between 30 and 40 output for jl given level of accountability by ministers to 
major value-for-money re- resources. So the investigation Parliament is confined to 
ports a year. These are the will endevour to find out answering questions on spe- 

whether there is an optimum dfic major policy issues relat- 

The use of resources to get the best ing to industries - not 
office possible output answering to Parliament for 

looks for Effectiveness is really con- the economy, efficiency and 
economy, cemed with enquiring whether effectiveness with which the 

ports a year. These are the 

looks for 



answering questions on spe- 
cific major policy issues relat- 
ing to industries - not 
answering to Parliament for 
the economy, efficiency and 
effectiveness with which the 

the Government's objectives nationalized industries have 
in any particular area are used resources. 

ones which create most public 
interest and the biggest bead- 
lines as Sir Gordon and his 
officials probe everything 
from defence procurement 
f*MoD accused of £938 mil- 
lion overspending") to the 
National Health Service 
(“Too many nurses in wrong 

One report a week while 
Parliament is in session may 
seem like a heavy workload, 
but Sir Gordon insists that it is 
still modest in terms of the 
amounts of public money 
being spent 

There are still major areas 
of government activity that 
the office may only be able to 
lookaton a cycle of eight to 10 

The value for money audits 
are a crucial democratic 
check, ensuring that anyone 
who has access to public 
money is accountable in a 

being met 

There are limits to what the 
National Audit Office may 
investigate and one of the 
biggest is the restriction that 
Sir Gordon and his officials 

The Comptroller works en- 
tirely on behalf of Parliament 
and says it is for it to deride 
whether it is satisfied with the 
remit he has been given, with 
the nationalized industries 

may not audit or have direct embargo. 

access to the accounts of If he v 
nationalized industries or lo- power to 
cal authorities. Although there ized ind 
is an ability to look indirectly might w 
at some aspects of both comfortal 
through, for example, in- meat, ma 
vestigations of their sponsor- and indej 
ing departments* practices, the necessary, 
restriction blocks major areas “One ol 
from scrutiny. certainly 1 

Sir Gordon obviously dis- looking a 
likes the restriction — few effectiven 
other state audit offices in the tion, is to 
world have this restriction efficiency 
p larerf on them —and both the foe organ 

If he were to be given the 
power to scrutinize national- 
ized industries directly he 
might well make life un- 
comfortable for the Govern- 
ment, making his job security 
and independence even more 

“One of the things which we 
certainly would do, as well as 
looking at the efficiency and 
effectiveness of the organiza- 
tion, is to look at whether the 
efficiency and effectiveness of 
the organization is being af- 

Pubiic Accounts Committee fecied by action by others, 
and backbench MPs have There are many nationalized 

been vocal in their disagree- industries which would take 

merit with the Government the position that they could be 

But foe Government’s view great dea ^ 10 oreeflficxent if 

is that the nationalized in- w ® rcn J subject to a fair 

liidi uiiui/uauxAfW m m . - . . 

dustries are already indirectly £ 

accountable to Parliament gowmment Tins would be 

very public way. since they are accountable to 

The Comptroller is looking sponsoring departments and 

i|Lf.uuiJ liivnv Mf m ■■■ - # * • • a f 

since they are accountable to qwte^legrumale for us to look 
, ____ into. 

for more than just honor the ministers of those depart- 

Malcolm Brown 

^ z-: : ^ '••• ^=;' ; -- s .. ■ 



. UM'i’.sra t'N A <>. 

Tn > r n 1 1 v < > > i r J V i ( -j r< 11 y’-A 
\V. VN<; s va (r m s -VA" : •• 

* . . ' - • C. • S 

Why Sir Edward is after the 
industries that got away 

Sir Edward da Gum feels an 
almost fi»wit»«i attachment to 
the National Audit Office and 
its predecessor the Excheqaer 
and AadJt Department 

He has, after all, been 
connected with them one way 
and another for the last 14 
years, as both member then 
chairman of the Public Ac- 
counts Committee, which uses 
the Comptroller’s reports as 
the basis of its own probes, 
and now as gbatm an of the 
Pnblic Accounts Commission, 
the Parfiamentary body which 
oversees the NAD'S budget 

The commission was set op 
under the same 1983 National 
Audit Act that created the 
NAO, taking the 
Comptroller's department oat 
of the Civil Service and 
reinforcing the Comptroller’s 
operational independence 
from foe executive. 

Sir Edward fofoka it has 
been able to help foe Comp- 
troller in many very practical 

0 Hrs staff was scattered in 
30 offices throughout London. 
They have now been brought 
together in one building. 

• The commissioB has 
helped Introduce a new salary 
structure for the staff. 

• It has elevated foe state 
of the job. 

The chief reform Sir Ed- 
ward wonid stiD like to see, but 
does not expect tn happen for 
some years, is the widenins of 
foe Comptroller and Aaiitor 
General's rant to take in all 
public expendjtae — in other 
words embracing direct access 
to the accounts of the national- 

he says. “ The bosses of foe 
nationalized indostries 
wouldn’t have it They said 
< Oh God, we’ve already got the 
Government on our backs, we 
don't want yet another group 
of people on our backs.' One 
could understand that to an 

Hie result was what Sir 
Edward calls government 
*fadge and compromise’ with 
the Government suggesting 
the Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission would survey cer- 

Time for debate 
was cut short 

tain of the work of foe 
nationalized industries. Then 
foe general ejection was 

“The net result was that the 

debate on the Bill were 
truncated and in order to get it 
through before foe general 
election it was necessary to 
agree that we couldn't take foe 
frill time that we wanted tn 
debate it and have out the 
possibility of the nationalized 

industries coming under the 
remit at foe Comptroller and 
Auditor General. 

“It was a pity, w says Sir 
Edward, “but half a loaf was 
better ihBn no bread and I 
have no doubt at all that that 
Act has been a mQestone in foe 
development of the process of 

Sir Edward obviously loves 
foe opportunities which the 
Pnbl fc Accounts Committee 
gives MPs to cross question 
senior dvil servants, using the 
ammunition prepared for mem 
by the Comptroller. 

“It is a very salutary 
matter,” he says with satisfac- 
tion. “I don’t think any senior 
dvil servant relishes the 
necessity to appear before the 
Public Accounts Committee 
and foe possibility of damag- 
ing publicity for himself as foe 
accounting officer for his 
department, and his depart- 
ment, not only at the moment 
of die hearing bat when foe 
Pnblic Accounts Committee’s 
report is published.” 


Sir Edward dn Gun: a 
practical approach 

“We’re in the Ccamting House 
- offering Bread and Honey. . !’ 

Double dilemma 
for Bill’s sponsors 

ized industries which are at 
present specifically excluded. 

When Sk Edward and oth- 
ers sponsored the Bill which 
eventually became the Na- 
tional Audit Act they found 
themselves faced with a double 

“1 took the view that it 
should be the duty of Par- 
liament to follow public money 
wherever it goes, inrinding to 
the nationalized industries,” 

ut not only bread and honey. The needs of the inner man and woman working at the 
National Audit Office are better met by imaginative lunchtime foods prepared and served 
by those whose interest lies rn a quality service in which attention to detail is paramount. 
As here, so too in some 50 other companies in the City, West End and within a 35 
mile radius of the Capital, Catering & Allied offers a cost-effective catering management service determin- 
edly Afferent to that of its competitors. 

Each client company receives...dayt(Mlay involvement of a director in each staff 
restaurant... the application of a unique manning scheme... the specialist use of computer techniques 
to simplify accounting procedures... the availability of higlrcalibre ‘cordon bleu' trained staff... total 
flexibility in tailoring operating methods to meet varied requirements and absolute professionalism in all 
aspects of the catering function. 

Catering and Allied, 

determinedly different, totally professional. 



12-15 Hanger Green, London W5 3 EL Tel: 01-991 2791 

-V‘. i*' 


Vi. • ! 


|| v : 

We are proud to be associated with the 
work of the National Audit Office. 

Our partners and staff have extensive 
experience of the special requirements of the 
public sector 

We have carried out a wide range of signif- 
icant financial and management studies for local 
authorities, health services, central government 
departments and other public organisations. 

If you would like to know more about our 
work in the public sector and would like to 
discuss how we might help you, contact either 
Andrew Downs or Gerald Nicholls in the first 
instance on 01-405 8422. ™ l 

--•r --***■ 

* fcvv- 

Grant Thornton#^ 

;C- ;• 


«V ?5-h 

v>pjiK£> j: 


ne National Audit Office 

jr the 

Sx Edward da i 
practical *PP r ' 

Honey -- 

- ■ 

fs-ow/diestac “• • 
ssts i : i 

£&£* JSS 3 



..11* w- 1 ^- • 


iwriis ni : 

£$: - • . 

Btact oiti' 

the - r 

When the central block of the 
building now occupied by Use 
National Audit Office was 
first _ built Britain had an 
empire and was peering into 
the abyss of a threatened 
Second World War. 

1 1 was in 1 939 that Imperial 
Airways opened its building 
not far from Victoria Station, 
a staging post for customers 
before flying them to Europe 
and further afield. 

The sue was chosen to give 
direct access to a rail platform 
where passengers could board 
trains for the flying boat based 
at Southampton. There was 

even a ballroom for fog-bound 

That ballroom, with its art- 
deco wall-lined mirrors and 
wood panelling, still remains, 
but is now converted into a 
conference room for, as with 
the rest of the central block, it 
is a grade II listed site, unlike 
the building's two wings. 

The National Audit Office 
began searching for new head- 
quarters soon after its creation 
in I9S4 because it had long 
outgrown its previous accom- 
modation. Its London-based 
staff were scattered over 28 
locations, hardly the best way 
of conducting operations for 
an organization whose raison 
d’etre is economy, efficiency 
'Jftnd effectiveness. 

With approval from govern- 
ment and the Public Accounts 
Committee, the search began 

(( FOCUS)) 

new life at the old staging post 



for refurbishing the NAO 

• WIrapey Construction 

• Axtefl, Yates, HaOett 

• How Engineering 
(Northern) Ltd 

• Mansell (Westminster) 


• British Telecom 

• Szerehney (UK) Ltd 

• Liftcran&Co 

• Rock Asphalte 
Major contractors now 
supplying services in the 

• Wang (UK) 

• Project 

• Girovend Cashless 

• Catering and Allied 

for a building which would 
house its 650 London staff an 
essential part of the criteria 
being that it should be within 
easy distance of Parliament 
and Whitehall where most of 
its work is done. 

The site it acquired from 
British Airways on a 127-year 
lease at a cost of £1 1.2 million 
was seen as ideal. Even with 
refurbishment costs at £13.2 
million, the NAO reckons it 
has achieved value for money. 

The annual rental equiva- 
lent of the capital cost of 
financing the acquisition and 
refurbishment is about 40 per 

cent of the average market 
rent in Victoria. 

While the NAO is still 
examining ways of improving 
the efficiency of its new head- 
quarters, Chris Bea ucham p, 
director of accommodation 
and finance, says it has been 
shown already, since the staff 
began moving in in February 
this year, that there has been 
an improvement in efficiency 
and quality of the work. 

Mr Beauchamp also ex- 
plained how the NAO went 
about contracting . for the 
refurbishment in an unortho- 
dox fashion, partly in order to 
speed up the process 
Instead of putting out the 
various requirements to 
tender, the NAO brought in 
Wimpey Construction 
Management as management 
consultants which provided 
the architects, engineers, and 

quantity surveyors to for- 
mulate the requirements and 
then found the contractors, 
but the contractors were di- 
rectly responsible to the NAO, 
not Wimpey. 

On top of that NAO con- 
tracted .a firm of quantity 
surveyors, Axtell, Yates, 
Hallet to ensure that the 
National Audit Office was 
getting value for money. 

The building now has 400 

partitioned offices, with _ the 
two wings used by the various 
divisions and the 
adminstrative and technical 
staff dealing with finance, 
personnel, recruitment and 
training located in the central 
block, which also houses the 
Comptroller and Auditor 
General and his senior man- 
agers and advisers. The National Audit Office in Victoria, left, whose dock tow- 

Michael Hatfield er “ * London landmark. Right, the stylish entrance nail 

The way to 
by computer 

One day last month the news- 
papers carried a remarkable 
story: Sir Gordon Downey, 
Comptroller and Auditor 
GcneraL was able to give only 
a qualified certificate of ap- 
proval to the accounts of the 
Department of Health and 
Social Security. 

Sir Gordon in his report to 
the Commons said there were 
"inconsistencies" in statistical 
information relating to the 
spending of £35.5 billion on 
Social Security benefits m • 
1985-SS. L 0 . 

The outcome was that Sir 
Robert Sheldon, chairman of 
the Commons Public Ac- 
counts Committee, which re- 
ceived the report, was calling 
on Sir Kenneth - Stowe, the 
department's permanent 
under-secretary, to come be- 
fore the PAC to give an 
explanation as to what had 
gone wrong. 

It is t .e kind of story that 
grabs the headlines, but covers 
only a fraction of the certifica- 
tion work of the National 
Audit Office. The NAO is 
responsible for 500 public 
sector accounts with a com- 
bined expenditure and rev- 
enue of many billions of 

p0 TheComptroHer and Audi- 
tor General’s certification is 
based on a financial and 
regularity audit which enables 
him to provide annual assur- 
ances to Parliament. It covers 
several areas: that the form 
and content of the accounts 
conform to statutory and 
Treasury requirements, the 
figures in the accounts are 
properly stated, _ the funds 
have been applied to the 
services and for the purposes 
intended by Parliament the 
pavmenis and receipts are in 
accordance with 

■ liamentary authority, statute 
- and other regulations. 

Examining every individual 

account in detail wodd be a 
physical impossibility, which 
j 5 whv sophisticated monitor- 
ing and samphng tahmques 
have been developed and are 

constantly being revised m 

keep abreast of the informa- 
tion trial flows in. 

Experience over the years 
has shown that specific areas 
of accountability 
reasonably accurate picture of 
an individual account as a 

wh .? I f' lust a question of 
“goinfi £*& d* tootr 


interrogation*' techniques. 

The biggest spending 
departments, such as the Min- 
istry of Defence and the 
DHSS, will come under the 
NAO auditors’ scrutiny sev- 
eral times a year so that there 
can be a constant check on 
their accounts, otherwise spe- 
cific but important items of 
expenditure could get “lost”. 

The division overseeing the 
DHSS, for example, not only 
has to examine appropriation 
accounts affecting the Na- 
tional Health Service bnt also 
such bodies as the Public 
Health Laboratory Services 
Board, or the United King- 
dom Central Council for 
Nursing, Midwifery and 
Health Visiting, an Important 
organization on which the, 
future of nursing in terms of 
training and numbers rests. 

In the latter case, the NAO 
discovered in 1983-84 that it 
was going “broke", or, to use 
their phraseology, there was a 
"net excess^ of expenditure 
over income". 

But the NAO’s role is not 
just confined to an examina- 
tion of accounts. Its examina- 
tion is also based on the 
individual accounting systems 
of departments, systems 

management contractor 
could rehouse the 
National Audit Office. 

financial control combinea 
with the test audit of trans- 
actions and selected examina- 
tions in-depth- 

At the end of a scrutiny, the 
auditors have to certily 
whether the account "property 
presents" - the phrase used m 
reports to Parliament - the 
expenditure and receipts,, or 
presents a “true and fan" view 
for commercial and other 

accounts. _ . 

Should the Comptroller ana 
Auditor General conclude that 
an account is materially in- 
correct or inegular_ or seri- 
ously misrepresents thebodys 
results or state of affairs, ne 
will qualify his certificate and 
explain the reasons either 
within the certificate or m an 
accompanying report. 

Though a lot of the NAO s 
work is devoted to certifica- 
tion there has been a gradual 
move towards devoting 

fore arc now more < - ra0ve t0W ards aevoung 

iain computer greater attention to value-for- 

~ central government ana & nnJMV n-norts where it is 



Y!UZU>1 . . f 

in ccnua* e— -. rw- money reports where i t 

nearlv hGO accounting JJJ- possible to give .&&*** 

ms. With computer tech nol 0 f a specific mat- 

r, changing raptdly. ttr which could be of concern 

N AO is continuing W develop pa^^ent and the pubhe. 

.T adapt us audit methods. “ of this is the 

Examination of computer- ipss-rnaking Roysl 

based systems al Devonport and v Rosyffie 


rsa methods. 

J 3 inatioa of compottr- losHBBilI16 . 

stems is undertaken Devonport and Rosytbe 

X ne individual audit di- which the NAO has 

• Z within the NAO but it atteQ tion, and made 

has its own special ists in a ^^^dations, m reports. 
‘ uier division who ex- with the iwon^ 

computer g^ent way of the relation- 

pIoreioemostOT^ beweaT the dockyards 

Sinn they require- . a suggestion winch 15 

— ‘•‘-‘-“mh 

” calls “computer 



what u 


wSiile si 


dons sysi 

The rehousing of the National Audit Office at Victoria, London, 
called for project management skills found only among the country^ 

tax> management contractors. 

Our work on the Hongkong and Shanghai bahkJheDaily 
Telegraph printing works, London,and WIMPEY 

Britoife world headquarters in Glasgow *2Sj a J*? tf ii‘ 'ii'. 'U 

gave us the edge. 


Audit hawks Robert feMarecfcal, John CoDens, Bond Myland, Sir Gordon Downey, MDk Goodsoa and David Dewar 

With central government 
spending running at about 
£1 10 billion a year — 30 per 
cent of the gross domestic 
product — it needs a sharp- 
minded organization to en- 
sure that taxpayers' money is* 
not being misspent 
■ This is the job of the 
National Audit Office and its 
830 staff which in 1984 
replaced die Exchequer and 
Audit Department 

And it is not just expen- 
diture that it scrutinizes. 
There is also the revenue, 
whether it be Inland Revenue, 
Custom and Excise, or the 
Royal Mint amounting to 
£140 billion a year. 

The organization, starting 
with its head. Sir Gordon 
Downey, the comptroller and 
auditor-general, has worked 

Sharp eyes that 
watch spending 

out a complex organogram so 
that it can oversee the inner 
workings of government dep- 
artments both in cer tif y i ng 
their yearly accounts and giv- 
ing ^ value-for-money reports in 
specific areas. 

Under Sir Gordon, there is 
bis deputy, David Myiand, 
and four assistant auditor- 
generals — John Collens, 
David Dewar, Mike Goodson 
and Robert LeMaxechal — 
who, together with the direc- 
tor of policy and planning, 
Peter Jeflard. form the senior 

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management team responsible 
for the corporate strategy of 
the NAO, based on a five-year 
rolling work programme. 

“Our function is to meet the 
demands of parliament and 
give them assurances and 
advice that departments are 
discharging their responsibil- 
ities efficient^ and effect- 
ively,” said Mr LeMarechal, 
formerly the director of policy 
and planning and recently 
promoted to assistant auditor- 
general responsible for a num- 
ber of “line divisions”. 

Some of these, such as audit 
guidance, - recruitment and 
training, are support divisions 
but the bulk, including de- 
fence, agriculture, environ- 
ment and the health services, 
employ the staff who ferret 
through departmental ac- 
counts or investigate particu- 
lar schemes (such as gov- 
ernment policy, on preventive 
medicine) to ensure that the 
cash is being properly spent. 

There are 24 directors and 
28 deputy directors respon- 
sible for the overall planning, 
manage ment and perform- 
ance of the line audit and 
other divisions. It is they who, 
among other function^ come 
up with ideas for invest- 

Beneath them there are 110 
audit managers who are in 
charge of audit sections with 
responsibilities for the audit of 
individual accounts, the con- 
duct of valne-for-money and 

vision and training of staff 
Working within these sec- 
tions there are the people on 
audit field work, operating 
individually or in teams. 
There are 254 senior auditors, 
22 auditors, and about .280 
assistant auditors, primarily 
graduate trainees, lemming the 
ropes while they study for 
three years for entrance to the 
Chartered. Institute of Public 
. Finance and Accountancy. 
The balance is made up with 
clerical and admin staff 
The majority of the NAO 

A cause for 

staff are based in London but 
others work in Edinburgh as . 
“watchdogs” on the Scottish 
Office, in Sheffield with the 
Manpower Services Commis- 
sion, at Bath overseeing the 
Navy, or as for afield as Rome 
and Geneva where the NAO is 
the auditing body for such 
organizations as the World 
Health Organization, the 
International Labour 
Organization and the Food 
and Agricultural 


The NAO is responsible for 
some 500 public sector ac- 
counts — from the Ministry of 
Defence to the Victoria and 
Albert Museum Trust Fund — 
but one area where it is not 
allowed acce ss , except in a 
strictly limited sense, is the 
nationalized industries. 

But this is a matter for 
government decision, involv- 
ing statutory implications be- 
tween sponsoring depart- 
ments and the independence 
of foe nationalized industries. 

E ach year a team from 

the National Audit 
Office joins the milk 
round of univer- 
sities seeking to re- 
cruit honours graduates. With 
•a planned five per cent growth . 
in its staff to cope with the 
work thrown on its resources 
and the continual loss of 
personnel attracted by beser 
. pay in the private sector, it isa : 
never-ending trail. 

What they are looking for, 
says the NAO's director of 
recruitment and t raining , 
Andy BeU, who was seconded - 
from BP, are graduates who 
can rfcMnrmgtrat* intellectual - 
ability, numeracy, literacy, 
inquiring minds, confidence, 
motivation and commitment. 

There is never a shortage of 
applications, but the stan- 

can be 

1,200 applications, 500 will be 
interviewed at their univer- 
sity, about 180 will be invited 
for in-depth interviewing and 
testing at head office, ant * 
about 90 will be chosen. 

Four out of five offered a 
job will accept the invitation 
to join the NAO, though not 
all wiD last the 314-year train- 
ing and study ' programme 
leading to entrance to the 
Chartered Institute of Public 
Finance and Accountancy 

The NAO rates training as 
one of its top priorities, 
absorbing 15 per cent of its 
total £25 million budget. 

Brian Baker, "director of 
personnel, says that the fact 
that the office offers a long- 
term career with good pay and 
conditions gives the NAO* 
particular reason to help train- 
ees to master the professional 
skills they will need for . their 
work later on. 

Graduates are accepted 
from different academic dis- 
ciplines and spend 12 weeks 
on a graduate conversion 
course to become conversant 
with the concepts of public 
financing, accountancy, econ- 
omics and law. 

From there they will spend 
three yean studying for the 
CIPFA examinations, work- 
i ng alongside senior colleagues 
in one of the divisions, learn- 
ing the profession and needs 

CIPFA training has several 
special features. Though the 
syllabus covers matters com- 
mon to all the professional 
accounting bodies, it special- 
izes in the needs of the public 
sector which, as the recruiting ■ 
brochure points out, covers 
half the nation's economic 
activity. . . 

Second, the training cul- 
minates in a test of pro- 
fessional competence which 
.requires students in their final 
year to cany out a demanding 

Because they are working as 
well as studying, NAO meets 
the difficulties of combining 
the two by providing for exam 
preparation to be undertaken 
largely through periods of 
block release. This amounts in 
total to some 50 weeks, either 
at the CIPFA Education and 
Training Centre at Croydon or 
at Liverpool Polytechnic. 

In addition. NAO head- 
quarters has its own training 
centre where staff run in- 

house courses to .provide 
tra ini ng in the day-to-day 
weak of the organization. As 
well as Teaming ahdit tech- 
niques and methods, students 
wifi attend courses on subjects 
such as report writing and oral 
presentation. 7 In total, students . 
spend abort 40 per cent of 

their year in training 

The first professional exam- 
ination covers mprh of the 
commercial accounting that is 

Students who foil to pass each 
stage at the first attempt are 
given the opportunity to have 
a second try. 

T raining , however, .does not 
stop at qualification. To fur- 
ther their careers, and in many 
cases just to keep up with the 
job, staff attend training 
courses and seminars to keep 
them up to date in new 
techniques in auditing and 


The National Aodit Office practises what it 
preaches - efficiency and effectiveness. 

T tatimng standar ds axe high with an 
wM iij^a hon pq»g rate of around 75 per 
cent Salaries are related to performance. A 
. poor standard of work over a monitored 
. period can even mean a drop in pay 

common to private and public 

sector accounting. 

This is followed by an 

CTammati flfi dwlhig with . 

public sector accounting, aud- 
iting and financial control, 
policymaking- in the public 
sector and public finance, 

- The final year includes the 
pniject on which die student 
presents the results of his or 
her work. 

Not all make the grade, but 
the NAO says its students* 
record of success in the pro- 
fessional exams has always 
been substantially higher than 
for CIPFA as a whole. 

-• The pass rate is usually 
above 7u per cent and some- 
times more than 75 per cent. 

During a trainee's first post- 
ing, lasting 18 months, the 
graduate wffl probably work 
on certification audit He or 

she win be expected to take re- 
sponsibility progressively and 
will be given the training 
needed to exercise it. 

After a career-development 
interview, the second posting, 
normally for two years, will 
involve a change of work. 
During the third-year period, 
the trainee will prepare a 
project for part three of the 

Capable people will be pro- 
moted to auditor as soon as 
they qualify, and can expect to 
become senior auditors within 
a year. Progress beyond that 

increases m salary.- ’ 

a concepf^SSjd^ 1 ^- 
NAO in 1984. Every member 
of staff is monitored by a 
senior: salary increases, if any 
are based on individual^ 
performance. ZZ 

If a member of staff is sertr 
not to have maintained lu£ 
normal standard, judged over 
a number of years, he may cot 
only forfeit a salary increase 
but actually face the prospect 
of a reduction in pay. 

Mr Baker said that the main 
reasons why performance-re- 
lated pay was introduced was 
to: v 

Strengthen staff motivation' 
and encourage performance- 
improvements by more spe* 

cine and tangible recognition 1 
of achieved performance. - ■ 
Recognize, and reward appro** 
priaidy, differences in con* 
tribution between individuals' 
of the same grade. ' 
Help the NAO solve the 
problems of recruitment and 
retention of audit staff and td 
enhance the office's ability to 
attract high calibre recruits. - 
Bring the pay of NAO pro* 
fessional staff more into line 
with that offered by compete 
ing employers. ■■■ 

Mr Baker has no doubted 
about its success. 

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Robert LeMarechaL the importance of *threc Es* 

The watchdogs 

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One of (be most important 
functions of the National Au- 
dit Office, other than its 
certification of government ac- 
counts, is to make sore that die 
taxpayer is getting value for 
money. While the appropri- 
ation of monies may have been 
correct, have they been spent 

The main objective of the 
NAO’s valae-for-mooey au- 
dits is to provide independent 
information, advice and assur- 
ance to Parliament about econ- 
omy, efficiency and 
effectiveness in the nse of 
resources m the departments 
, and other organizations 
> examined. 

Bat what do those “three 
Es” mean in reality? Two 
assistant auditor generals, 
John Coliens and Robert 
LeMarechal, pnt flesh on the 

Economy is concerned with 
minimizing the cost of re- 
sources used for an activity, 
bearing in mind it is related to 
the quality needed. Does the 
Ministry of Defence, for 
example, need ail those vast 
stores of equipment when it 
would probably be more 
economical to bay some of its 
snpplies direct as needs 

Efficiency is concerned with 
the relationship between the 
output in terms of goods, 
services or other results and 
the resources used to produce 

Effectiveness is concerned 
•with the relationship between 
the intended impact and die 
actual impact of an activity. 
David Dewar, assistant audi- 
tor general, gave as one exam- 
ple the rednndancy 
compensation payments to 
university staff as part of the 
policy to reduce university 

. While it is not the 
responsibility of the NAO to 
judge whether such a policy is 
correct or not, what it did find 
was that those who took op the 
scheme were more often the 
young and bright lecturers 
who could probably find 
employment elsewhere, with 
•' the result that the universities 
were left with an age 

When the Public Accounts 
Committee took np the matter 

* with the Department of Ednca- 

* tion and Science, the depart- 
ment responded with the view 
that “not all possib le wa ys of 
relieving the pressures on 
universities were folly ex- 
plored and that satisfactory 
protection was not afforded to 1 
those subjects it was intended 

-to protect” 

It also stated that it had 

“mfrodaced new measures to 
encourage the recruitment of 
new blood”. 

It is with these kind of 
value-for-money reports that 
the NAO hopes to achieve Us 
constructive aim of eliminating 
waste or inefficiency and 
increasing the effectiveness of 
expenditure through the 
“promotion of sound systems 
and procedures.” 

Clearly it is impossible do 
an in-depth, valne-for-money 
study of every aspect of gov- 
ernment expenditure, which is 
why it looks at issues iff public 
concern and on which the 
Public Accounts Committee 
would be able to cany out an 
effective ‘examination. 

Some of the valne-for- 
money exercises will be cy- 
clical, the NAO returning to 
areas of public concern at 
regular intervals. Multi-role 
combat aircraft, major defence 
projects, are often the subject 
of reports to Partiameirt; civil 
programmes, such as road 
construction, receive regular 
scrutiny; the staffing and man- 
power costs of the National 
Health Service are under con- 
stant review; and the taxation 
and revenues from North Sea 
oil toll within the ambit of the 

Vatee-for-mooey reporting 
is not new, but what has 
changed is that they are 
becoming not only more im- 
portant but also the approach 
has been given a different 
emphasis in recent years. 

While still the “watchdog” 
of Whitehall and its outposts, 
the NAO is no longer just “the 
policeman on the beat” look- 
ing out for flaring errors in 
accountability but giving a 
more bafauferf review of in- 
dividual accounts. 

The change was brought 
about because Whitehall and 
Parliament thought an unfair 
account was being given of the 
internal auditing by depart- 
ments; in other words, not 
everything was black in the 
accounting procedures. So 
when a NAO vatoe-for-money 
audit is presented, the pluses 
as weQ as the minuses are 

They include research, 
development and production 
for major capital programmes, 
financial and contractual con- 
trol over major capital works 
projects, control mid utiliza- 
tion iff fixed assets and other 
resources, costs of administra- 
tion and support services, and 
the effectiveness of grants, 
subsidies, loans,- agricultural 
and industry support and over- 
seas aid. 

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I t used to be relatively 
easy to calculate the 
impact of the Comp- 
troller and Auditor Gen- 
eral on public 

For many years his value- 
for-money investigations were 
mainly into individual large 
cases of waste or extravagance 
or bad management. 

A price tag would be put on 
that toiling - the archetypal 
case, in the 1950s, was the 
huge overpayment to Ferranti 
for Bloodhound missiles - 
and it could reasonably be 
assumed that chastened of- 
ficials would not repeat their 
mistakes and would improve 
their control procedures. 

More recently an increasing 
proportion of value-for- 
monty audits have been of a 
much more broad-based type: 
instead of simply investigating 
faults and weaknesses they are 
intended to provide positive 
reports and assurances as well, 
telling Parliament where 
Whitehall's strengths are, as 
well as its weaknesses. 

The traditional reports used 
to concentrate heavily on the 
criterea of economy and ef- 
ficiency. These are equally 
present today but have had 
added to them the additional 
dimension of effectiveness. 

Economy and efficiency 
may be relatively easy to 
quantify financially — effec- 
tiveness is much more diffi- 
cult, yet its impact is 

Doing things well (economi- 
cally and efficiently) is obvi- 
ously desirable, but if the thing 
that you are doing is uot 
achieving its objectives then 
the whole exercise is rather 

David Dewar, one of the 
Assistant Auditors General, 
sums it up in an epigram that 
is much quoted by senior 
NAO officials. 

“There is some merit in 
doing the right things rather 
badly,” he says. “There is no 
merit at all in doing the wrong 
things exceptionally welL” - 
The laiger-scaJe broadly 
based valne-for-money audits 
do not just involve a different 
product from the older style 
reports, the way they are done 
is also quite dirferent. 

Mr Dewar -calls the tra- 
ditional, “waste and 
extravagance” audits (some of 
which, of course, are still done 
in cases of whai looks like 
culpable waste) the bottom-up 

P? ?■* ‘ • s-f 

. . * 


“This had a lot of strengths 
because it was highly directed 
and pointed very closely at 
specific weaknesses that were 
dearly worth improving and 
correcting because they had 
caused major havoc.” 

But it also had major 

“It took it only so tor and it 
identified those weaknesses 
that had gone wrong in a 
particular case. Not every case 
tested every weakness, so 
there could be another major 
weakness that bad not been 
shown up by this particular 

So one control system, on 
defence expenditure, say, 
might have had, in reality, half 
a dozen inherent weaknesses, 
but, in the nature of things, 
only two or three of those 
would be exposed in any one 
instance of waste or extrava- 
gance. They would be high- 
lighted but the other 
weaknesses would remain un- 
covered until, by chance, the 
next “horror story” came to 

The result was a 
“patchwork” of correction 
and remedy. 

Today, says Mr Dewar, the 

office tends to adopt a much 
more top down approach. 

Instead of saying “Is the 
system right?” by finding 
examples of where it went 
wrong the NAO is trying to 
judge whether the system is 

To do so it adopts a much 
more structured approach: 

ensure that Britain got its fair the PAC didn't like I don't 
share of the work, and the think they'd be slow to toll 

accounting methods used by 
all the parties, and would then 
try to say where the risks were: 
what happens if costs start to 

us,” says Robert Le Marechal, 
another of the Assistant Audi- 
tors General. 

The departments being au- 
dited would also sound off if 

What is the possibility of the office produced slipAod 
labour disputes? How are analyses. 







analysing how control systems 
work, the risks involved to 
economy, efficiency and effec- 
tiveness, and how significant 
those risks are in varying 
circumstances, then testing 
the controls against reality. 

If the NAO, for instance, 
were examining how the MoD 
participated in multi-national 
defence procurement schemes 

contractual disputes between 
the various parties handled? 

The objective should be an 
assurance that the system 
works and that a larger vol- 
ume of business going through 
those controls will be dealt 
with satisfactorily. 

“We're testing out the sau- 
sage machine.” says Mr 
Dewar, “so it gives you better 

“They have to be soundly- 
based reports,” says Mr Le 
MarechaL “If there was the 
least bit of inaccuracy in any 
of our reports at the draft 
stage, or if they were in the 
least bit superficial, depart- 
ments like the MoD would 
come down on you tike a ton 
of bricks.” 

This points up the dif- 

where several countries were Accounts Committee devours 
involved in building a partied- their reports and often uses 
lar weapon, it would want to them as the basis for their own 
examine things like the sort of investigations, 
controls that were built in to “If we produced work which 

assurances that all or most of Terence between the auditor 
the sausages coming through it and the consultant, says Mr Le 
are going to be of the right MarechaL 
standard.” . “The consultant is brought 

NAO officials believe their in by a department like the 
work is highl y regarded both MoD, so the consultant 
in Whitehall — where there is a doesn't have to persuade, the 
hig h acceptance level of their department concerned that 
recommendations — and in there's an area of weakness 
Par liamen t where the Public there. They point it out to the 
Accounts Committee devours consultant We, because we're 
their reports and often uses external to the department, 
them as the basis for their own have to work a bit harder at 
investigations. it” 

“If we produced work which The savings that NAO 

Getting value for 
money across a wide area 
of public spending is 
the mum aim and 
includes the Health 
Service and defence 
(Tornado, left); above, 
David Dewar, Assistant 
Auditor General 

recommendations can pro- 
duce are only one measure of 
its effectiveness and a rather 
crude one at that but the 
annual reports of the Public 
Accounts Commission, the 
parliamentary body which 
oversees the office's budget, 
nevertheless make impressive 

In the latest one, published 
this summer, the commission 
gives some examples of bow 
the NAO is having an impact 
on public expenditure: 

• On economy it has drawn 
attention to improved NHS 
stores purchasing methods 
which could save the Depart- 
ment of Health and Social 
Security £75 million a year. 

• On efficiency the NAO has 
pointed out possible savings 
on the maintenance of RAF 
equipment, costing £1,500 

million annuall y. 

• As to effectiveness, an 
examination of the £800 mil- 
lion a year motorway and 
trunk road programme and 
the £300 million urban roads 
programme uncovered wide- 
spread weaknesses. 


Graduating this year? 

Pul yourself on the map, 
as an investigative 
accountant at ^ 

the centre < ^v“ 
of public _ \ 

affairs. „ x 

We are looking Ij fijj 

for about 90 / / ‘ j 

honours grad- * * / r 
uatesofany 1 

discipline to • . 
join us in / / I i 

September 1987. f III 

Ask your Careers / H 

Service for a copy f ill 

of our Graduate 
Careers Brochure, and 
to see our video film 
entitled "A true account”. 
Alternatively, contact: The 

January 1987 

13 Aberdeen 

14 Sl Andrews 

15 HeriotWait 

19 London/Imperial College 

20 Dundee 

2 1 Manchester Poly/Portsmouth 

22 Salford/Lancashire Poly 

23 City 

26 Cambridge 

27 Manchester/Hull 

28 Huddersfield Foly/Humberside 

29 Bradford 

50 City of London Poly 



' # Recruitment 
* ^ “ Office, 

and Training 
National Audit 
mm a . Office, 157-197 
nil* Buckingham 

■ IBs Palace Road, 

■ I ' Victoria, London 

■ SW 1 W 9SP or telephone 
01-798 7493. If you like 
^ what you see, apply for one of 
the following milkround interviews. 


February 1987 

2 North East London Poly 

3 Leeds 

4 Leicester/Leicester Poly 

5 LanchesrerFOly 

6 Surrey 

I o Essex/Aberystwyth 

I I Bangor/Queens 

12 Warwick/Dublin 

13 Bath 

1 7 Liverpool/Suansea 
. 18 Aston/Liverpool Poly 

19 Birmingham 

20 Sussex 

24. Newcastle/Bristol 

25 Edinbuigh/Durham 

26 Mbrk/Glasgow 

27 Stirling 


March 1987 

3 Loughborough 

4 Exeter/Cardiff 

5 Reading/East Anglia 

6 Kent 

10 Oxford/Brunei 

1 1 Keele/Strathdyde 

12 Nottingham 
15 Trent POlv 

17 Sheffield 

18 Southampton 
• 19 Lancaster ■ 






A cniirie to 1 UNIVERSITY A 

A guide to 
career cHoice 



Dressing up for all to see 

r& at Christmas are pieces of Tnan T JawpIvU buflding society, etc, co nt 

i draw the crowds and make vljll point of safe and advertisi 

( in ddighL Of course, they — 1 — — " This consists of ample te 

e and create a seasonal fOOtCS at tnC sactes. cards and signs, 

hut their main purpose is to 1UUAJ CLL Ulb chandSng umts of all s 

oject the or the store ~Z • containing goods such as cos 

rewards in * iiese k desi g« i L * 

people who specialize in .. scope for visualiseis, finished 

n, in persuading us to boy for three- dim e n sional des 

vices. And they, in turn,! SCUlUg lUC lUldgC ' people who can make protc 

alize in one of three fields: — — . wide range of materials, fin 

.point of sate and advertis- cfrtrP I^astfes. 

nri exhibition desisn. U1 a OtUIt th « mminwH fw fr 

Shop windows at Christmas are pieces of 
theatre which draw the crowds and make 
children gasp in delight Of course, they 
give pleasure and create a seasonal 
atmosphere, but their main purpose is to 
sell and to project the image of the store 
or company. 

There are people who specialize in 
display design, in persuading us to buy 
goods or services. And they, in turn,i 
usually specialize in one of three fields: 
retail display, point of ale and advertis- 
ing display, and exhibition de si g n . 

The main essentials for a display 
designer, whatever the speciality, are 
being able to think three-dun ensionally, 
and being a practical person who can 
make things and put ideas on paper. 
Display designers must have a know- 

or company 

Sofa cushions, lampshades, etc, are made 
for the firm by their own manufacturers. 

ledge of materials of all kinds and their* Everything is for sale, even the pictures 
capa bilities and of sources of supply. In he has chose n . What did surprise him 
both retail and exhibition design they was when a customer insisted on bmang 
will often have to co-ordinate builders, the straw bats left lying on the beds of the 
elect ricians and plumbers. young girls’ room, m which blue and 

They work to a brief and a budget yellow fabrics and papers were feature!. 
Their displays must be in accordance The Sanderson s te am consists of a 
with the policy of their employer or senior dresser andtwo display assistants, 
client, so they cannot always give their one of whom is in chai^ of graphics, 
imagination nee rein, bat they do get a, ticketing and accountancy. But at 
kick from looking at what they have Hanxxfs, with floors 4% acres in extent, 
created and saying, “I was responsible there are 50 in the team, split up into 
for that". smaller teams for individual floors and 

In stores, window display is but the tip groups of windows. 

When I spoke to Philip Slayter, 

Window display is the company display co-ordinator, the 

tin nf fliA irphprp Christmas windows were nearly com- 

tip 01 me ice Derg pfete. The theme — a fairy-tale castle in 

~r~ — 7T 1 ~ T flie distance, gradually coming nearer 

of the iceberg, often echoing a the me ^ one eventually saw interior scenes 
wh^seenm^ornthesto^^ere _ ^ ^ dreamed up by John- 
has been a great deal of thought before McKittericki display manager. The scen- 
anything is placed in a window. Christ- „ reindeers, sleighs, etc, were made by 
mas schemes m the big stores are a socialist company, but the display 
planned a year ahead. staff sorted oat make-up and wigs (ail in 

We create atmosphere, sayslvan ^descent colours) for the mannequins. 
Tremayne, who wasbrought m toheada j^v^ garments were suggested by 

new dtsplay department at Sandersons 0 f the team and approved by 

in Bath. After tails with Sanderson's jfo. M particular brief is to 
management he worked closely, wnh an supervised window displays and all the 
architect on the layout of their show- g^e of the business rather than 

rooms, their aim bang toprovide roace fishing ^ household. The following 
^ere customers ran^d rdax and have daylTSoiild be seeing the buye/of 
time to thmk about their furnishing bridal gowns because would put on 

client, so they cannot always give their 
imagination free rein, bat they do get a, 
kick from looking at what they have 
created and saying, “I was responsible 
for that". 

In stores, window display is but the tip 

Window display is the 
tip of the iceberg 

of the iceberg, often echoing a theme 
which is seen throughout the store. There 
has been a great deal of thought before 
anything is placed in a window. Christ- 
mas schemes in the big stores are 
planned a year ahead. 

“We create atmosphere," says Ivan 
Tremayne, who was brought in to head a 
new display department at Sanderson's 
of Berneis Street, London Wl. Pre- 


“To help them," he explains, “1 design 
fully three-dimensional room sets." The 
plan for the next 12 months was six room 
settings. New rooms- are planned when- 
ever there is a new collection. Mr 
Tremayne selects papers and fabrics, 
then goes to management with a 
recommendation that they should be 
doing a particular type of room. 

He showed me a sketch of a scheme for 
a summer garden room with a new 
striped fabric in pinks and greens, which 
was co-ordinated with a new wallpaper. 
When he presented the drawings, he 
would also provide costings for materi- 
als, fabrics, labour, etc, and only when 
these were approved could he go ahead. 

Whenever Mr Tremayne designs a 
room set, he imagines the son of person 
who would live in it, and scours London 
for suitable furniture and accessories. 

a bridal promotion after the February 
sale, with a special scheme in the central 
hall as Well as window displays and a 
fashion show. 

Across the road from Harrod's is a 
Warehouse shop, catering mainly for 
people in their early 20s. Chris Willey is 
display manager, heading a team of 
seven which travels the country, dressing 
windows and interiors of the group’s 25 
shops. Until the group grew so large, they 
used to make everything in the window 
themselves, but now they normally 
construct a prototype window scheme 
and have it copied. 

But the display team often make their 
own jewellery, sometimes while travel- 
ling from one store to another, and they 
go in search of new materials and shops 
where they can buy props secondhand 
and refhrbish these themselves. 

Practically every store, garage, bank. 

building society, etc, contains some 
point of safe and advertising display. 
Hus' mndsK of simple banners and 
stickers, cards and signs, and mer- 
chandising units of all sizes, often 
rantaimng gOOdS SUCfa 85 COSmctiCS- AH 

these most be designed, which gives 

scope for visualisers, finished artists and 

for three-dimensional designers and 
people who can make prototypes in a 
wide range of materials, from wood to 

They are employed by firms which 
produce point of sale advertising, by the 
larger retailers, and some are freelances. 
There is a shortage of good people. 

Although some of the wore — product 
and price posters — is boring, “yon have 
the same excitement as in advertising in 
trying to dress up ideas which actually 
work," claims Derek Down, managing 
director of Display Craft 

Exhibition ctesign involves the design 
ofboth exhibition stands and conference 
sets. Some stands may be two-deckers, so 
a knowledge of the strength of structural! 
materials is essential. Much of the work - 
is eye-catching. At the Motor Show, for, 
iiwhmrf!, there are three-dimensional 
structures using lights, lasers and videos. 
The growth in the exhibition industry 
m eans good job opportunities both with' 

Exhi bition industry growth 
means job opportunities 

design farms and with contractors. 

“Our task,” says Charles Shelton of 
Shelton Fleming Associates, “is essen- 
tially one of design and overall co- 
ordination. On every stand, one of us 
will go on site during the building-up 
period, to see the project through to 
completion. It can involve almost an 
Army manoeuvre when one client wants 
10 sets for 10 small conferences, all 

starting on the sam e day at the same 


Initially, afl contracts are tendered for, 
but satisfied clients just phone and ask 
the firm to submita design. Deadlines, of 
course, are tight and must be adhered fax 

Mr Shelton went to the College for the 
Distributive Trades to do a BTEC 
National Diploma in display design. 
Many other top people in this field, 
particularly in retail display, have 
worked their way up from the shop floor, 
without any college t raining . But it is 
becoming more difficult to do this. Most 
employers look for people with the 
speciali st q ualifications provided by 
either BTEC or the British Display 
Society and colleges report a sustained 
demand for their students. 

This type of design does not provide 
an easy ride. Hours can be long and 
irregular. Working in a shop window in a 
heatwave or on a freezing day is 
physically demanding and there is 
always a lot ofhumping about ofbits and 
pieces. But all I have met have been 
enthusiastic about their work. And 
perhaps that is the secret One must love 
creating displays, however ephemeral. 






London Business School intends 
to appoint a Lecturer in Organi- 
sational Behaviour. . Preference 
will be given to candidates with 
teaching and research interests in 
interpersonal, group and cultural 
dynamics. . • 

The successful candidate will have 
teaching experience, a developed 
area of research interest and 
professional practice in Business 
and or the Public Sector. He or she 
will be expected to contribute to 
the - range of post-graduate and 
post-experience courses in the 
School, advance his or her 
research activities and carry out 
the appropriate consultancy. A 
doctorate in Social Psychology or 
Anthropology and publications are 
minimal requirements. 

Salary on the scale £15,120- 
£17,625 (inclusive of London 
Allowance). Further details if 
required, may be obtained from 
Professor John W Hunt Closing 
date for applications: 24 
December, 1986. 

Applications with CK and citing 
two referees should be sent to:- 

Professor John W Hunt 

London Business School . 

Sussex Place 

Regent’s Park 


(The Scottish Agricultural Colleges} 



ARtatons tt MM tor Iht cmbkNd pM ol Prinotnl of TIm Wnt 
of Scotland A gicd t uJ Goflqp and P m fo s o r of Agriaribra in fa 
Unw tu l l f ot Glasgow; wtoefi ■£ Income neat on 1 October. 1987. 
Nnnettns ett rcgznl to pumwiil cnUtoi >3 ton be welcomed. 

mikkzes sn orac nave appropnsofl qqmmuaui a oun uurquqq 
d agbcotoirt pxeteabty Ibm Mvhjiupirincs iottiflQpMtao 



Department of Electronic 
Systems Engineering 

Sc,uorX^e S hip/K^e^P in 
Digital Communications 

Applications are * o^uSfcSns 

iSSSMW-HS £r annum, under 


The Department of Electronic 

has a strong of research 

and excellent adusmd ***??, ' t l0 this 

activity within foe i o optical 

post include digital transmiss ^^ 
communications, digital signal processing an 
digital networks. 

Candidates should have an honoursd^ee 
relevant experience in 
together with a proven record of researen 
area of digital communications. 

Applications (ten copies), 
vtoe and the names and addresseso 
referees, should reach the 
University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, 

C04 3SQ, from whom further particulars may be 
ntoinwi, by 24' December 1986. 


Department of Law 

Applications are invited for a Lectureship in 
Law(saJary scale £8,020 - £15,700, under 
review) for appointment from 1 October 1987, 
from candidates with interests and expertise in 
any of the major fields of legal study but 
preference will be given to candidates with 
experience in EEC law. 

Applications (ten copies), including a 
cumculnm vitae and the names and add resse s , 
of two referees, should reach the Registrar 
(L/505/T), University of Essex. Wivenhoe 
Park, Colchester, C04 3SQ, from whom further 
particulars may be obtained, by 24 December i 


- ■ - - 




The University of Aberdeen invites BppficaJwns far the above poet 
Nothin its Acfamstmbon. 


internal an) external commuacanon 

of the education system would be an added advantage. 

The post, which attracts a salary in the range C19U010 and awards, 
with placement depandng on npenonce, vn* rtUaly be filed an a 
five year engagement (scale undo- review). 

Further parttcubre end appBnwinn farms from The P ersonn el Office. 
The University. Regent waft. Aberdeen AS9 1FX with whom 
appfcatjons (2 copra) should be lodged byZ2 December T966 (Ref 
No ER/U49). 

LANSDOWHE college 
e^cijttve secretarial 


-it /joAtof job Ism tg 
oMMje BdDfOVUioa ml at* fist 
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iv st*i w-m roue an twt 
SrW.e wcjr.TJl » 

■ ■no* ot comrrwratl C 3 URK 

abcJnesa a « ng 


cffTOring ad acrc-oracesarg. 

laasdowne Cftltere 

43 HKdngtwGa'W*. 

Umd on. SW7 4JU 
*± 81-373 7282/3/4 


Secretarial. Business and 
Language Courses 

Word Processor 

English for Overseas 

Resident & Day 

The Registrar (TI) 

2 Arkwright road, 
Telephones 01 435 9831 


GCE ‘O' or TV tevel’ W">S 
UCEA or Wr*Cia<Mhnff ? 

Qua lifica turns? 

HOW « THE PM E to aw soft 
ns far erpert a wswaee l and 
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90 Glwice«trPlaee.Wl 
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Three week coukcsjo Rower 
Arranging and FVonstry held 
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Two day coarse* also 

Flcaerv ir 

01-493 8171 far farther detd& 
6 Bratoa Street. 

Laodaa WIX 7AG. 


Means 3 fall terms’ work 

before topee course 
application, races available 
fir April 1«Y. Full detaib 
01-852 3960 








Applications are invited for a limited number of 
Fellowships in session 1987-88, available at the 
following Constituent Inslituiions:- 

- - -lYie- University College of Wales. Aberystwyth 
The University College of North Wales, Bangor 
University College, Cardiff 
The University College of Swansea 
UWIST (Cardiff) 

Sl David's University College, Lampeter 

The Fellowships are tenable for two years from I 
October, 1987, and are open to graduates of any 
University. Candidates should possess a research degree. 

The stipend will normally he £8.020 1 first year) rising to 
£8.505 (second year). This is at present under review. 

Applicants may obtain further details and application 
forms from the Registrar of the Institution they wish to 
enter, or from the Registrar of the University. The 
completed form shook] be lodged with the Registrar, 
University or Wales, University Registry, Cathays Park, 
Cardiff CFl 3NS by 2 February, 1987. 


The Memorial Foundation for Jewish Culture 
announces the establishment of the Nahum 
Goldmann Fellowship, a Summer Institute for 
cultural advancement and leadership training for a 
limited number of outstanding young men and 
women in Europe between the ages of 25 and 40 
years of age. 

The Institute will be held at Carmel College, near 
Wallingford, England, from Sunday, August 16 
until Monday, August 31, 1987. 

Further information and applications can be 
obtained from: 

The Nahum Goldmann 
P.O. Box 191 
1211 Geneva 20 

University of Reading 

M.A.F.F. Sponsored 
Postdoctoral Fellowship 
in Plant Pathology 

Applications are invited for a Fellowship tenable 
for two years, to study the biology and control of 
root diseases in rockwool, under a MJLFJ. 
funded research programme, directed Ire 
Professor GJ. Pegg. Applicants should hold a 
PhJJ m plant pathology or a related subject and 
have an interest in whole plant physiology and 
be able to relate this to root infection and 
expression. A knowledge of hydroponics and 
automated or semi-automated nutrient control 
systems would be helpfuL The project will have 
technical assistance. Salary will be in the range 
£8.020 - £9,495 per annum (under review) based 
on age and experience. Apply immediat ely 
cpioting Ref R62A for an Application Form to 
the Personnel Officer. University of Reading. 
Whiteknights, F-O. Box 217, Reading EG6 2AH, 
telephone (0734) 875123 ext 233. 



Applications are invited for C W Maplethorpe 
Postdoctoral Fellowships tenable from 
October 1987 for a maximum period of up to 
three years. The Fellowships have been 
established under the Will of the late 
Mr Cyril W Maplethorpe, for the promotion of 
pharmaceutical education and research at the 
School of Pharmacy and the Chelsea 
Department of Pharmacy at King’s College 

Fellows must hold a PhD degree or be in 
possession of other qualifications which in the 
opinion of the Committee of Management 
enable them to undertake a frill programme of 
research at the required leveL Prefere n ce will 
be gjven to Registered Pharmacists. 

The Stipend of each Fellowship wtD be related 
to the Lecturer Scale and will depend on the 
qualifications of the Fellow and the stage 
reached in his or her career. London 
Allowance will also be paid. 

Applications most be submitted at lates t by 31 
January 1987 on die prescribed form which 
may be obtained together with farther 
particulars of the Fellowships from the 
Scholarships Office, Senate House, Malet 
Street London WC1E 7HU. 

University of Reading 

Postdoctoral Fellowship 
in Plant Pathology 

Applications are invited for a microbiofogy/piant 
pathology Fdlow to work on (be development of 
novel biocides for the control of root Hiraq. 
pathogens in hydroponic systems. 

The post, sponsored by industry, is for two yean in 
tlw lust instance, and will involve dose collaboration 
.with the industrial research group. 

Applicants should bold a PhD in Microbiology or 
Plant Pathology and have a special interest in root 
pathogens m aqueous systems and. or tbe ch emistr y 
of crop protection. The work will be under the 
direction of Professor GJ 7 . Pegg. 

The person appointed win be provided with technical 
assistance. Salary will be in the range £8X120 - £9.495 
per annum (under review) based on age and 

Apply immediately quoting Ref S61A for an 
Application Form to the Personnel Officer. University 
of Reading, Whiteknights, P.O. Box 217, Seadm 
RG6 2 AH. telephone (0734) 875123 ext 233. 


J : i f'l L*k- 

Physicist Chemist or MathemaficiaD 

A postdoctoral research assistant (SERC 
sponsored RA (1A) post for 3 years) is required. 
The work concerns the dynamics of molecules, 
particularly quantum tunnelling at low 
temperatures using novel nuclear magnetic 
resonance techniques and neutron scattering 
with computer simulations. The RA could 
contribute in a number of possible ways from 
development of equipment or theory, to 
exploitation of the techniques in new materials 
of chemical or biological interest Salary about 

Further information from Professor S Clough, 
Department of Physics, University of 
Nottingham, Nottingham. N<37 2RD. (Tel: 0602- 
506101 Ext 2867). 

University of London 


The Senete invto qgllcmtom tor tte rtovs Chtor. AppScatfans 
(It copies) should be submftted to the Teachers' Section (T), 
University ot London, Senate House. Mstet Street London 
WC1E 7HU, (ram whom further particulars should drat be 

The dosing data tor receipt of applications is 23 January 1987. 



Senior Independent Boarding and Day School 
- facilities and grounds available for residential 
or day courses during school holidays in 1987. 
Beautiful wooded surroundings 
(100 acres) with the advantage aldose 
proximity to London. 

Telephone or write for further details 
or a prospectus. 

The Headmaster, 

Royal Russell School, 

Coombe Lane, Croydon CR9 5BX. 
Telephone: 01-657-4433. 





Boarding and Day Education for Boys & Girls 8-18 


32 Full and part foe Awards for ACADEMIC ART, 
Full details from Peter Hobson MA, Headmaster, 
Giggleswick School Settle, N. Yorkshire. 

Td: 07292-3545 



Fsiahltshnd with the assistance of Granada Television 
the Centre will be tbe first of its land in Britain. Tbe 
Director will be responsible for its development as an 
academic centre exploring the potential contributions 
of film and video to anthropological research and for 
instituting an MA degree in Visual Anthropology. 
Applicants should have research interests in Social 

makinj^Thc Director 1 will be affiliated 1 to tbe 
Departinent of Social Anthropology. Appointment 
according to qualifications and experience, on either 
the Lecturer or Senior Lecturer Scales (£8,020 - 
£15,700 p.a. or £14,870 - £18.625 pa: under review! 
The appointment will commence on July 1st, 1987, 
and wUl be for an initial period of three years. 
Application forms (returnable by February 28th, 
1987) from Tbe Registrar, The University, 
Mandiester MI3 9PL. Quote re£ 264/86. Informal 
enquiries may be made to Professor Marilyn 
Southern, Department of Soda! Anthropology 
(Tel: 061 273 7121 ert. 5160). 




Rjeqniet trainees to pertidrsie in a 10 week trsinimj course to 
include Gila Stocks. U.S. Bonds Bud Currencies. No 
previews relevant experience necessarily required, but rating 
commands a confident and di sc ipl in ed character with a sense 
of humour who can.thrive under s u s tai n ed p n asure . A charge 
wiU be made for the course but some tarns «nV be available. 
Preference will be given to Economies or Phdosopiiy 

Please senders UK 
Fimass ltd, 

Park House, 16 Finsbury Circus, 
London EC2M 7DJ 

Hi ' 




V ^C‘ - 

LLB? BSc (Econ)? 

Three Year Degree Courses in 
Law • Accountancy • Management ■ Banking 
Entry: LLB - 3 “O's & 2 A's Grade D (E in 1987) 
BSc - 3 *O s & 2 ‘A's Grade E. 


One Year Courses start each October and 
18 month courses start in April 

l or fui-thvr ur.-J fatll-r rtkui jr- Ot fc'.-jll-iim*. r'’art-t:rrc i 
— -7--. jno Corri-ipnnd, -ict- Cour>o*. .. ». 

w ••*pplv th. H-l . ifaji MT. . , 

C»4o h.-jnd London 'A'*. ; HI A ! A 

Tci .VT T ‘ Mv\. ■ -T 


Chemistry Auditorium, 
20 Gordon St, 



Applications are invited for the appointment of 



Clerk to the Governors. 

The post wHl fail vacant at the end of the Summer 
Term 1987. The person appointed will be required to 
take up the Post of Bursar Designate from May 1st 
1987 or earlier. 

Clarendon is an independant public boarding and 
day school for girls. The pupils strength is 270. 
Applicants should be evangelical Christians with ap- 
propriate qualifications and/or experience. 

Further details and application forms can be ob- 
tained from Tbe Clerk to The Governors. Clarendon 
School. Haynes Park, Bedford, MK45 3BL. Tele- 
phone Haynes 234. Closing date far applications 
January 7th 1987. 



teaiaaas" 3 ? 

assistant matron 

Sn P miSi'L , l[iSf n8 10 TOk wilis chiidira 

!£JS25 b ° uxhD & school. Useful care, catering 
and rfucational experience. Pho^for draSw: 

Christopher school. 
Letch worth, Herts (0462)-679301 


ASS BSc i.E 

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Engaged in the residential training of ordinands for the ministry of 
The Church of England, the colleges operate from two separate 
locations in Cambridge* The combined occupancy being 140 

Activities of the colleges, together with the management of the 
buildings/facilities, are maintained to a very high professio na l 
standard. Assets together with fee turnover are well into seven 


Due to the planned retirement of the present Bursar a new 
appointment is required by June of 1 987, with a planned band-over 

Prime responsibilities win be the day to day management of the 
non-academic taam servicing the financial control, administrative, 
life support, and facilities of the Colleges. 

It is intended to involve the Executive Bursar/ Administrator in a 
new exciting development programme, bringing representatives 
from Industry and Theologians together on a project concerned 
with issues on ‘Faith and Work.* 


He or she, in order to have sufficient experience is likely to be aged 
between 4045 years of age, with broad administrative and financial 
management experience, gained preferably in Industry, Colleges, or 
the Services. 

The Executive Bursar/ Administrator win be required to make 
presentations to management groups, and be articulate in financial 
accounting, legal and other matters relating to the running of the 
non-academic affairs of the Colleges. 

Candidates should be fully committed to the goals and objectives of 
the Colleges, and bring a sense of vocation to the work. 


This is a pensionable appointment within the salary range of 
£12,500 - 1 14,500 per year. Vacation six weeks per year. 


Please send full career summary to: 

Dr. A.C. Blake, Blake Resource Management, Mounthatten House, 
Windsor, Berkshire, SL4 1HK, who is advising (a this appointment. 


Applications are invited for the post of 


• _ ■ „ .... .. . . . •- 

following the unexpected retirement due to ill health of 
the present Headmistress Mrs. Gurbutt It is anticipated 
that the post will be filled not later than September 1 987. 

Runton Hill is a flourishing boarding school for 180 girls 
aged 11 - 18 years. 

Further particulars and application forms are available 


The Secretary to the Chairman of the Governors, 
Runton Hill School, c/o 8 - 10 Bank Street, 
Norwich, NR2 4SA- 

Closingdote for the return of application forms: 
6th January 1987. 


Oualfted EH. (aadwrs 

roqutfad by an estabfishad 
language school in 
Apafeams stioukl have a 
degree phis RSA prap. 

cert, in TEFL or equrwtant- 
Terms include air fares 

and furnished 
acc om modation. Write 

enclosing C.V. add ress & 
telephone number, photo, 
references and 

— is/diptonas to: 

M Lisas. KUROXi 
Hydra. Tnrtej. 


ts start Jai 87 

Mathemancs tor Boys 
12-13 year olds 
History & Geography for 
12-14 year olds 
Able to assist wfth sport 
Apply vntb CV to 

StrealbaiaModsffl Sc aow 
508, Streaitmn Higfi Road 
Load*. SW16 3Q8 







Of ’>•' 

FaM»**Gr •• J 

M to i - 

1ST: *E$iDh 


enicrtalnieeni . «j- 





TEL- 01 48 1 1989 
fax NO. 

01481 9313 
TELEX 925088 

TEL: 014814000 

Felixstowe College 



Appointment of 


The Governors wish to appoint a 
Bursar who should be available to start 
not later than the beginning of 
September 1987 and preferably earlier. 

The successful candidate is likely to 
be aged between 45 and 52. 

Full particulars of the appointment 
and a form of application may be 
obtained from the Secretary to the 
Governors, c/o The Allied Schools, 42 
South Bar Street, Banbury, Oxon OX16 
9XL. (Telephone (0295) 5W41). 

Closing date for applications. Monday. 
5th January 1987. 

imperial college of 



£7278-48632 inel 

leaver mwrattd m uamsmoa. 

Applications, naming two referas, to: 
PP The College librarian (LA), 
Central Libraries, 

Imperial College, 

London, SW7 2AZ. 

Within two weeks of the appearance of 
this advertisement. 

x- 3 




Ft* anas, friendly Intonation* Youth Trawl QraanisaBon. To 
assist wBi appotatment of tochers for Langwce 
uwses. Appfcants must Arc mown oflra expowna. 
exceteit s/tand & typing, an efficient and nwtfwfical 
approch ana be abb to worfc under pressure dump peak 
penods. Knouiedga of French an attatoee. 


Wrda trift CV to Eaftbagaag* ltd, 
annum i House. 23/24 George street 
Rktunud, Surrey TW9 1HY , 



£AOOO. Use your autito occre- 
Urfel skate MMUna a young 
Anuneaa uwyer Bi mu non- 

Vorog. fun ato—here Mr 21 - 
9A smtr-aML wo tnki w* 
SMU Fisher 

pa reo PMmrr eo. ciafioo 

agad 33+ Twa vein protWous 
Mayfair Co are looking for 6 PA 
for mm «nr. H you have 6H 
and auofe suite, etteren am ■ 
km of humour and tike to 
work an your own mutative 
Uira chi Therm 754 7825 
KtogoaM Pannuici 

Ate hour* oer say. 8 dam per 
week r e g ut frt for buro receo- 
lion area of SU Chfe baaed in 
Victoria. Must Oe ( Hw e rten ced- 

Oooo uiary. pmm id PsWtiie 
PullOM ^OH 01-245 1055. «- 

WUn senior level uiwk aw 
iotnthr Chatman of ttua pubBe 

. Oert>»-. llo*W AicM * 

Lam. IMS portion has teas than 

25 - 40 wm 100/60 akffis cad 
Hodar Recruttnent on 529 

m m»i i o mini i i c7joa -nw 
nuder Kim coowany in Um West 
CM are seeking a frieodty. 
Ham pmon urtth a goaded oca- 
hou to war* a me p erso nnel 
de pa rtme n t. eo/SO awns need- 
ed and WP experience 
pr rhni e d . Aoe 19*. Please lefo- 
Ol -4 90 1 Caroline 


ClOOoa Then loin the London 
Ofrtce or mis famous neiai 
French company who are 
*w1ung on a wry hdcai and 
exdUng protect. 90/60 sklHs 
needed. Pw n se teteshane Ol- 
240 SS11/3B51 fWeu CM) or 
01-240 3561 <CMyL EMzebeOi 

sec sonahi kv presttasons. too* 
esUOOshed duo. Your roaa 

educated, numerate paeon to 
eastel with Office duties: filing, 
(yphig and general edrafahtro- 
aon. salary to £7.600 per 
anman: goad orospecis far right 
ww No Aecndh. CV to; 
auihs Dutton LUL 2/« Russia 
How. London EC3V SBL 

tap for bright young s ec re tary 
to totn this successful media 
company. Based to their CJutfr 



eeoted. Good skUt (80/609 aM 
same wortt experiehce essen- 
UH. Age: 20+-. Please leiephooe 
01-409 1252 The Wert Step. 

IK 5 JWI T S CO - £9.000. 

Product ivmnigrr to the Marhet- 
Ing Department at a wen- 
known nay trendy Co seeks a 
bright Sec/P a. aged 19 - 26 to 
mm nkn. Lots of tov to wP HN 
and scone. For mare detaib caH 
KM*C 01-051 7572. fOiigdsnif 

BriohL tauelBgeBL oedgotng 
yowg seamy with wp h 
sought to loin tamoos American 
rrmwana'. On top at an £8000 
salary, liter* is palp O/T aM 
Friday aflernoens off Cad 

to £&ooa 

a Of - *' 
busy awllchboaraT Then iota 
tads sop firm of seHdmrs. Super 

01-200 561 1/3631 
(Wen EM or 01-240 5661 
(Qtyi EttzabeB) Rout RecrulZ- 

Sft-s fit) , 4 — Eulev a ftdi and 
varied sccretariat/admln posi- 
tion wim utese small friendly 
City Finance Brakes*. 90+ 
ShdrtMM Md WP. CM 01-577 
8600 (CayJ or 01-499 7001 
PLUS The Secretarial 

INMOST for sroan and fnandly 

Kensington Company. Canvcr- 

saboual French sufildenL Von 

wto also be trained on letaxand 

Herald switchboard. Age 19-29. 

Salary £7.600. Beraadcoe at 

Bond sired; tree cons) 
01-629 1204- 

gtored tot West » booed PR 
compan y. Someone wm sotmd 
PA hack^uuM Okie proven ad- 
mtaustrattao sk»» aM . word 
pratamor mmerMtee. Sol riren 
C1LOOB Please contact Oct+ 
vtaatBJ Crawfords (Bee Com) 
on 01 956 9692 

OB TO C1A06O wm Soabrih ter 
aPA no to wont tor a Genera 
Manager of an IWemstaod* 
Bank in (he Ctty. Of come you 
need to be tops several peon* 
expe ri enc e at senior level. «- 
regent secroeartal stuns 
including shorthand to both Cn- 
gUsh an SpaetHfe pod the 
dedication But is btcreesvy to 
rmtn mb very demanding aM 
mtemune P.A. rote, fdfemium 
age 2 s. ininuitiue Mart, huer- 

rsHnrst r ur rn si i i n fT 

0l-«9l 7100. 

IN) SR - CUjOOO* MS. 9 
James's. You are 20's, ta n er e a- 
ed In ftnanee aM have last 
typing and audio aKOs- A> sec- 
retary Ip the to e estm en l 
Mim so sj 1 with excep- 

tionally we al t hy private chatb 
you must “took the parr at 
writ as provtdKg a superb sec- 
retarial and himumup Uve 
service. WP trait dn Q offered. 
Can Qi-377 aooo tcay) or Oi- 
459 7001 (West End) 

Secretarial Chrsnmann. 

ETJSO * Free 

Slacr fob with I m rttn g 


tats in camputan. they ma tu re 

an experienced, capable Tfele- 

PMUst/ nrrriTtiniMit Woridng 

wtm a great crowd to an ra- 

taemety Busy etwtramnanz. you 
win arrange courier s , greet ett- 
answrr Uie often 

perils. Age: 26-+. Please tete- 
pnone 01-493 4466 

Merry weather Advtg & 

superb ooportuuty to tom a tn»- 

lor international group at tneir 
head office In me West EM. A 
full secretarial role awaits a 
young aM oMhuttoteir person 
with good sktlls aM an ouioosng 
personality- The eitvuagtd satt- 
ry is eX7A»o pa aM there h an 
excetleni nencths paocagt «+ 
dating subridteed rewinu. 
Please contact Joanne Gregory 
on Ol 491 1566 La Creme Roc 

tamed Ht-Tec Company seeks 
bright, enthusiastic young per- 
son 10 )0UI their Chairmans 
OfHcr- Offering toto of bonoM 

settingup (unriwa. booidog con- 
ference rooms aM providing 
secretarial escort Mr 2 Direc- 
tors. Good audio tytaag aM 

Dal. Agr. IBP 

01-493 446C 

Advertising 4> Selection. 

Enter personnel as a vital paint 
of contact lor aS toUmaikmal 
liaison on a confidential level. 
On nehtof of this Company'! 

to Prioritise cneotoaM oversee 
the luntor typtsc Eaenamyo- 
cellrot aaartOUl MBs ton SH) 

and proeentattan wto be the av- 
enue to IMS position. Salaiy 
cXiaOOO * eed bens. Contort 
01 408 1616 

youno. Uvtiv iM l of A ltittlW B 
reonlre an efllrienl weD- 
organlsed person to run their 
office. A busy environment, 
yon wot tlnhe with cllentd. ar- 
range portfolios and meetings as 
wed as srevtdtns s e o etorial 
back-up. Bubbly. osMolna ap- 
proeich aM good skills ltao/55) 
ereenttal. Min 1 years wort ex- 
perience. Age 22+ Please 
i sl ephohe 01-409 1232 The 
Work Shop. 

PA to theta- trad know n Chair, 
man. kivotuea tat a function 
which Modes lots of admin 
.aM extensive cUesd contort, 
'you wfl be aHe to 

admin abtitty and ae 
Scfttc 100/60 WPM. 
cCJ 1.000 pa. somtrgy. the re- 
uu ltinent tOBstBSO- 01-657 
9653. ' 

gmA KMOWM Properly Compa- 
ny In Wt req ui re e n ergetic aM 
amcMitPA todtrarior wim lots 
of pdBdn. Good tyulng/wp ex- 
perieoce. ptefcnbiy to 
property. Ags rang* 25-3 0. Sal - 
ary £10200 + bonus + excel 
tad mortgage fadUUea. For rer- 

Oonautaaots LML St 

MatUandonOI B8t 29T7/2947 

at Js 


Etcxfioa A taadtegwt bank 
ssetas a senior secretary to an 
executive to. ch arge o f market- 
ing the bank's many services. 

gage subsidy, generous boot* 
and subehMsed lunch. 60 wont 
audio ability aM WP suite 
needed. Please telephone Ot- 
£40 3611/3531 <Wc» t_ End Or 
01-240 3551 (City). EDumeth 

hum r 


to end of March. One- 12-bed 
chalet. Beard, lodging. sU rare 
aM 1 riia a ah- tore pus £300 
per month. Phone John on Ol- 
444 8127 far further demos. 

SWEDEN Nannyj requtred t er 2 
children. £i«> per week. 
Travel to SwtaertoM aM Rto 
wto» the fondly. Va can c i es tore 
to Monte carta ferte etc. Fry 

Stiti Consultants AJdBTSIWt TM 

0252 315369 

required for torulty based to 
London. Overseas travel to- 
voived. £1000 per month. Fry 
Staff Onnsttoaci is Alderehot Tel 
0262 316369. 

tnao pw net. Itanpy. 6 

nuns. Bay. lop reft only. Vacan- 
cies also In London, naly aM 
France. Eaton Bureau. Td 01 

ST MORITZ. 6200 pw net. Man- 
ny. Trained. 8 Mills. OM. 
w«rM wide travel, interview 
Loudon, Eaton Bureau Ol 997 


Ihtiincr M offer* PA aerirtce 
tor man-term nsiws t tSi or 
temporary fiu-ua six years 

aMe lor New vrar tanea rre . 




Hew Scotland' Yard. Seeks gate- 
rut emptoymeal. Owns Land 
Rover. Wising to transport 
valuables, securities or pe rson a 
lives fn Sresot. Bonder 
ly. Tel: 0797 223838 


v«ry esi ta l et ice d la ad duties. 
SMfc good poteikm. Sttme to»- 
reau: 01-730 8122 M 



1985 (C). 
289 SL 

Sinnai red/tan arferior. 8JKJ0 

intei Inftinaafite conStiDn. 


stereo- PticrBiML 

Tot Knteftmt (0565) 50738. 




AS MC~. M tedttlas. tedoor 

Mated pool HonandtoL 

CtonOy {8237^388 



mediate start. 
Turnbull on Ol 




1 Onw. Groves r 

HAfflA VALE, W3 

UidtodrtiaoautftlttB | 

UkfM0.2dMtoP todreare, 
bMPOOdi. E276 pn d*0 


Breotiuty famidted W Root 
cslnnodgm tort ctete to 
reretaffffg. ftecapdon tttn 










M -" n j 

— ■ ■' iTnii 



201/12 Ct7S j 


Ol G29 33G8 | 




of Mat angst, nps 
steffhand tjipei lamAff gsm 
etoort ooemwe. west End 
ctfSees. good terms, 
(tag Ot-380 1588 

mg City co. nerds top gustily 
applicant Young team and su- 
perb new offices. Accurate 
typing ettratiai. 24-46- Joiw 
Careen Stoane Souarto 1M. 
01-730 St 48. 

FmCR/BMNHM Ceoege teav. 
er secretary lor Wi Co.- no SH. 
C6.000 t peeks. Merraw Erap 
Apy one 1 utanwte S pretoiiM ) 

FILM CO. Sates sec Ito Dir. 80/60 
* gd rooumuUcabon dub. 6 
tPOQRK «p mm. £7600. can 
Naotto TED Agy Ol 736 9B6T. 

Pa to 

Otr. 90/50 6 PR talents. 
£96004-. Can NaMtoTED AW 
Ol 736 98S7 

MMAZMt CO PA to Db- 90/50 
♦ orgaitetolhmal sMlte £ 10,000 
CM MatatU TED AOt Ol 736 

P RO P E RTY DCWa i £8.500 . 
Outooms. citmlul young per- 
son sourtt by West End 
storming body. TMs friendly, 
ton scant reg td res someone who 
ereeya woriting to dmadbnes «M 
in return often variety, latere* 
and mvotvcsnnt. You must 
have common sense, acc ura te 
typlno and 41 Mat 1 years work 
e xp erience. Age: 20+. Haase 
telepho ne 01-409 1232 The 
won Shop. 

£9.750 - men 1 

and as pan of a wan team, you 
wtH ajiau ge t nee bn ge 6 
H in der. Uafer wtm cheats and 
provide rut) support. Excellent 
akBts <90/6O> aM aenee ef to 
moor are regueated. Age: 23+ 
Please telephone 01-409 1232 
The Work Shop. 

TOR £9.000 + Review. MM 
tbb tradtag trade a s so cun o n 
ie Into exe cuti ve aamte- 

retmta An *A' level cctocadon 

aM 60 wpm audio abutor need- 

ed. Please telephone 01240 
3S1 1/3531 (West End) or Ol- 

240 3661 (CXvL Ertraoetb Hot 




(EngtWt/French) sec/PA to 
wort for MD Ut lovely office. 
M and accreau typing and 

Salary CII.OOO+. For rurthre 

MafttaMonOI 681 2977/2947 
at Jap* CrosBiwalte RecruU- 
IM. St 


rminiam sccRcnunr to 

nmo + bonus, join the per- 
sonnel department of Dus trad- 
ing teshkm store. V you entoy 
adinl n te natt on aM are good 
with people with a louely outgo- 
ing powonalfty this Is tar you. 
EO ware typing needed, rerat e 
tei e p h one Ol -240 361 1/3631 
(West EM or 01240 3861 
<Cny>. EUzabelli Hunt Recruit 
msnt CorauRante. 

I £9.000. " 

national hetaouartere are tat a 

Hon. You win be me focal point 
of • busy office deattng wfth 
ritatt vtatton. or g anising meet- 
ing rooms and oparatlna the 
■wtechboard. A smart appear- 
ance aM friendly aremer is 
emenltiit. Ape 20-30. 40 Prtap. 

The Recrutiment 

Tet 01-831 1220. 

CTAOB + free traveL This 
BROBrtre known woridwMe In 
the money markets ts sectona 


nads "O' ie rats and 60 
1 typing needed. Age 19+. 

• 01-499 8177a 
Caroltae Ktog . Appointments. . 

POP MB8K - £9.000. v. frtavJty 
Dura Weri 1 fsrru of eotiertors 
-poek bright soc/PA aged 19 - 25 
to work tar a super young boas 
In pop rotate te-pL Lots of ellenl 
contact and v. tnceresttzig bdey 
woria Appnrants mint have gd. 
sec skins. XT Levels men and 
some u revkwa work rap (not 
nee Lewd). Can Kate: 01-831 
7373. KtoMaM Pm cans. 

to £9.000. Join Bus smaH infor- 
mal and very sucoesaftd com- 
pany and run d»rir ocay recep- 
tion area, previous monarch 
experience and A1 preramauoo 

ee ee n ttat. 30 wpm typing ataUfty 

needed. Please telephone 01- 

240 35] 1/3531 (west EM or 

01-2403661 (City) Ehnbrih 

Hunt Recruitment ConsuilanB. 


twcoptor . . 

H e a itFow toQutfB# top 
Queay. wri pfaaanwf, alert 
person Io rtf) fBMpUon area 
and use busy Monarch 
swttctaboanl Muat 68 used 
to daring 

astomdrt. Stfary £7^00. 
Own mnpoft ewartoL 



Way. Haps, 

P* TELCVCStOIC Carry out a va- 
riety of admin dotiee involving 
Public Btbtew and arranging 
ra i i M rane es for this Marketing 
Department at * Tetevtatob 
Company. Good shorthand and 
cow suua team tar me 
very varied work. Age 19+ 
CE9JOOO. Rather details Stunt 
WDUatas 683-1004 MeroMb 
Scott RecrutamenL 

■EUroOII ONLY - c£9 .500 - TO 

nn very p w riWO— nmnip- 
ttonal company (Charirtg- 
Crotsx l erjarift ke far smooch 
running of reception ore* and 

recepOonUt. Working 

rorattttnn* kM toMflS excel- 
•era Cata Melanie Lateo 01-531 
1541 Price Jamtaon Rrc Gona. 

ZtJSO pcftge 
Develop tire tor toe potittoa to 
tun poimtiBl and leant now to 
Comiuonicate 00 todays high 
tech eg u taaaett L V you have 6 
nun* - 1 yraseccxp + a wortang 
knowledge ef Frenrt. ptesse 
aO Shelia Forte 406 1616 
Maiawn (Rec Const. 

PROOF REAM* Start a non sec 
career with tire trading nun- 

P er for mlng an important and 
nremrt nmetaen. you will 
need eacMaai Engtasb and lots 
Of art. Solano- to £0500 pa. 
Synergy- the reeronmeat con- 
sultancy. 01-637 9533. 

TIB UHBVAM. P4 to Dnvctor at 
renowned tot Cb- Fluent roo- 
ked German aM good French 
essentia), as is EngUtfi SH. Tins 
Is a trne PA role demanding exe 
admin skllts. Age 23-36. 
rtoooo Mnrow Etna Agy 
fThe Language SperiattaU) 636- 

000 goon Ai xo oo ., wtm- 
«ut shorthand this foreign 
finance bouse seek a PA to run 
UK operation, work without su- 
pervision. monitor money 
markets aM entoy 10 WEEKS 
HOLIDAYS, cab Hodge Re- 
cnnlinent on 629 8863. 

*tio!ooo Ptaaracperics. PrcsS- 
gftous Weal 1 Oe seeks 

wttb sound stdlis aM eapert- 
n». For more details please 
call Kata 01-551 7373. 

KingstaM Pern Cons. 

for tateit college leaver with 
good shorthaM aM typing to 
tom top Wot End tewoBsr. 
Must be ambitious aM entbust- 
asne. Can jm Roberts on Ot- 
493 3006. 

treirer LEAVUt SH sec wtlh 
mature outlook tar aw o cla t e at 
large cstato agents. WC2. Smart 
pnesentoHon far Btfsoo wrote!)- 
rots. To C&600 + bonus. 
Woodhouse Rec Cons 01 404 

with s/H A ew>- for CKv Bank 
(French mother tongor. 
£12.000). Cosmetics Co. 
(£9.0001. Engtoeering Grots* Hi 
W. boadoa cd 0.000+ J. CAR- 
REFOUR AGY. 01-404 4864 
dynamic Mktg Dtr. SH both lan- 
guages. Total Involvement to 
presentations/ research/ roktg 
strategies. £9.000 neg. link 
Language Appis 846 9743. 
Oi8N pdas tar experienced 
yoang medtra) secret ar y to total 
ng Mmv team at three 
r private family practice tu 



see/receutactotPuitcoM wm a n te 
In Mayfair. Salary negotiable. 
Please send GV. with triephone 
oumber to IN£X. 46 Hr re ta rd 
SL Wt. 

teXEP lHR RS T /TYPIS T £9.000 
to work (or property company 
•mated In Mofehtebridoe. Pori- 
lion to ootamenoe Immediately. 
TO Ol 248 6666 Centre Gtai 
Ema Agy. 

of M/tanL EC4. Excellent 

wtlh good banking benefits 6 
£10600 pte Woodhouse Rec 
OP04O1 404 4646. . - 

SECRETARY tar City toveSL 
Co.. £ neg. CARREFOUR AGY 
(Jt-404 4S04 


Otalrmansr Sec PA ISH) hUer- 
esung. varied and riirtlrngtaig 
position. MBA Agy 734' 1062. 
RET RfTO Pno B HW I O i m Juntof 
secretary with sups of 90/50 
for Wt cosmetic co. Start 
£6000. Link AMS 846 *743. 

Experienced aM 
secretary/recepUonM. — 
negotiable. Ttf 225 214a 
SECRETJUHES tar Architects 6 
Detioners. Permanent * 
Temporary positions. AM&A 
reecia i tat rec cons Ol 734 0632 
keting. £7.poo. Language suit 


aenurie typing (shofthond not ncooHriT) to iqten ha. IVsa 
Brest opportunire to fcam all abort Offitt A fa t n g Brt w/ 
BK*p»i«rA trolly nin vahabto ojwwce. Wcrta^fw. 
■own ..■■■. ■u p xpreisl rang in p»wh^ EZCCSDVCS A the 
JfeUteluac&eaoEojpratdM] of people contact teiB be <dod (08- 
NegotUte salary Ptore contact Anthony Carreras. Carreraa 
forties, 4 Gohho Square, low)™ WL 01-433 9634 

flMI O KT to genaany- TMs 
□tractor of a large conaoer riri 
Co. wMts only the best: bMPA 
must be able to run mo office 
during im absence, deal Mft 
Gentian and Ewpfm comra en 
deuce at vuril as aoratn. and 
have several yean experience 
m senior secretarial pp ri ti reri 
in turn be offers a busy and 
sMiwitaWng office atmosphere 

and a very attractive, tax free 

non In S.W. Germany. Age 
28*. International secretaries 
{Rec Cora) 01-491 7100. 

iHtP feh 
One of the most andUog top lev- 
el Management Consultants 
seek a PA tar a new partner. 
Arrange the next annual con- 
ference wft£ti will be beW in 
the States, dual With recruit- 
ment from a mrior UnKcrsay 
and generally asstai oo the busy 
induction state Coed skills 

wfth/ without shorthand. Age 
23-26 years- Phone 663-1034 
Meredith Scott RecrultmcM. 

TTW ST CLERK 1620. £7.000. 
Young ana MW aM Interest- 
ed In Mod? TM* famous cater- 
ing company to EC.I needs 60 
wpm typing aM an enttaniaiUc 

approach. Numeracy to learn 

book-keeping- Strife Ftsber 
- 01-8366644. 

SECRETARY. 20-26 years, taas- 

sw MvMilng OteMWte to tofe 

newly created posl WCZ- Good 
s h or n la M/typtng and a p lcrt- 
ant te l eph o n e manner te 
WPHdfel FWemfty worktop to- 
mosphers. Salary £&500 pa 
nrgouablr. For interview tele- 
phone 937-6625 

C. £17/000 Befgravta. Top PA 
far Monty sacceMbl ba rilteW 
man involved In OH ladustiy- 
Totai commltwnL European 
Lapps, aa ass et Pto a a a rose of 
humour. Accurate moms 
12Q/7S emeatiaL 
■ rStoane Souan) 

LUL 01-730 5148. 


LEAVER ft to 
Enmmiasm and 

la work In hto 

d eg anin nii i of young prapro 
Btv« P.R company- Soma w.p. 
i mH i km i enmuM aM 
Sortiwri an advantage. Strife 
Fisher R e oruW m sra . OS-836 

AiHewL secret aarr. vtciorta. 
to B9JBOO. Lata of admin, and 

tact and aadlo lyptno wOh nils 
Victoria - based a sso c terinn 
Strong o ur p nta a partoastator es- 
sential. Ape 23-36. S»eB»FI*er 
DeeruMnwaL 01-8366644. 



rdquirsdpsfttBTie for general practice in 
SW7. Specialist interest midwifery, 
gynaecology, some clerical duties, typing an 

Apply: telephone 01-581 3040. 



leaned by Qty Tow Qpentor for 
ootwad-bound Japanese youps. 
Must have oral and written 
fluency In dnanese . Closno Ade 
tot appUcdums 5th December 
1966. Please send detaded CV to 
BOX 676 The Tern. 

BRADUATE to £12X00 - City 
based Japanese In f orm a tion 
Systems Company 

The right p arson win be aged 
between 21 - 26 . wfth a degree to 
Business Studies, to return they 
otter exceUenl prospects and 

teteptooM 01-409 1232. The 
work Shop. 

PURE met rnow. WM known 
property company peaks a per- 
son wiih poM and Mum 

oeptioa. You win handtr the 
busy day-to-day n rn a ni ira rt un 
aM of co ur se, meet aM mwet 
UwcUents. Ape 20-28 years. Tte 
£9.(XXX Phone 583DOBS Mer- 
cattfa Soon RecraftminL 



we ma efemecri toreoay HP 


MtUtHDA (Vest Ead) 

WephomSn MOOn 1 


iTheWPConsutontsI j^j 

Experienced operator req u ired 
to work for toadtog AdverffetoB 
Agency starting 8 Deoanber. 
uravo eat pack 4. snni mute be 

experienced to -repon pack- tey- 

ct aM have rart keyboard ridrt 
PK9M Meahone 01-493 5787 
Cordon Yales Con eu taancy. 

MUM 8802 OPERATOR wad- 
ed tar a long term temp booMag 
starhno HreteM away. Please 
ring 577-2466 WordPLus - The 
WP Spertriteto. 

seeks temp sec early J»W tar 
6 raUu. long hoars. £7X0 pta- 
rehOI-248 0445 

OORBPLDC. immediate booking 
from 8th Dec. E hced ea l rate at 
a lovely oompany near Green 
park. Please can Bernadette 
of Bond sl free ronsj 
01-629 1204. 




Join Oils frtendty informal com- 

pany ta wbri m puMtmns. 
co nf erences aM exhlbWoM a* 

secretary to ■brirchahman's of- 

flee. Fufl training given to aO 

office Procedures tnctMing use 

of the WP. Own office aM 6 

weeks Holidays. 90/55 skills 

needed. Please Mra honv Ol- 

200 351 1/3531 (West EM) or 

01-2403651 (City). Ethabelh 



tar friendly pstefc tfeel g n eta- 
dte. LaOnke Grove. 1-30- 
5 -50pm. £8 per how. Phone 
Richard Cooper on 2624244. 
or 3 moratoaea week lor emait 
property oompany- HoureAsai- 
ary by asrsn—nfnt^7gT 0024 
AUDIO TTPt S T £546 per hour. 

Holland Part. Tel: 2296696. 



The Tines Classified 
roloams are read by 13 
million of the most affluent 
people in the conntry. The 
following categories 
appear regularly each 
week and are generally 
accompanied by relevant 
editorial articles. Use the 
coupon (right), and find 
out how easy, fast and 
economical it is to 
advertise in The Times 


Edocatiear University 
Appointments, Prep & Public 
School Appointments, 
Educational Courses, 
Scholarships and Fellowships. 

La Creme de la Creme and other 
secretarial appointments. 


Craspater Horizons Computer 
Appointments with editorial 
Legal Appointments: Solicitors. 
Commercial Lawyers. Legal 
Officers. Private & Public 

Legal La Crone for (op legal 

Public Sector Appointments. 


Lm Crime de la Crime and other 
secretarial appointments. 
Pr op ert y Residential Town & 
Country. Overseas, Rentals, with 

Antiques and Collectables. 


General Appointments: 
Management and Executive 
appointments with editoriaL 
La Crime de In Crime and other 
secretarial appointments. 


Motors; A complete car buyer’s 
guide with editoriaL ■ 
Business to Business: Business 
opportunities, franchises etc. 
with editoriaL 

Restaurant Gaide. (Menttty) 


Overseas and UK HoGdays: 

Villas/Cottages. Hotels. Flights 


Fill in the coupon and attach it to your advertisement written on a separate 
piece of paper, allowing 2$ letters and spaces per line. 

Rates arc Linage £4.00 per line (min. 3 lines): Boxed Display £23 per single 
column centimetre: Court & Social £6 per line. All rates subject to !5% VAT. 

Sead to: Shirley MargoBs, Group Classified Advertisement Manager, Tunes 
Newspapers Ud, PO Box 484, Virginia Street, London £1 9DD. 



Date of insertion — 

Telephone (Daytime) 

(Please allow three working days prior to insertion date.) 

Use your Access, Visa, Amex or Diners cards. 

jBT rr~i i i m i i i i i i i i 

^r-1 J 



CITY £12,500 
+ Package 

To work for the Managing 
Director and hfs assistant 
in anew and developing 
department You wttl be 
the soul of discretion, 
totally reliable and 

Intellectually mature. 
Together with routine 

secretarial and 

acbufruitradon dudes you 
w * be required to Imput 
on a PC and use a Word 
Processor, (cross training 
available}. SMBs 90/60. 
Age 30's. 

; £114180 + Package 

1 Self motivated PA to work wntfi 
a dynamic Chief Executive if 
International communicators. 
The posher requires excellent 
secretarial and administration 
sWfs. good presentation, a 
sense of humour and a flexible 
approach. You will have 
Pfi/martetiTO background and 
wdl be capable o ( naming the 
show. The positron requires 
Hud you be a car owner/arwer. 
Stolls 80/60 plus audio and 
Wang WP. 

Age early 30 s. 





Call City Office 
01-606 1611 
(rec cons) 


+ Exes lie si Package 

To work lor Hie Chief Executve 
n a soMty backed developing 
US/Sntish Company dealing 
with acqusitums. jomt ventures 
and reinsurance. You will be i 

£11,500 EC2 
To provide secretarial 

support for two youni 
I hard working and goo 
i nstured American lawi 

dealing wth highly confidential 
' matters and will need 

matters and will need 
discretion, diplomace and 
maturity, together with sound 
secretarial skills and WP 
experience. You will have your 
own office and included m the 
benefits of this super rob you 
will enioy subsidised 
membership of a sports dub. 
Age 28/45. 

natured American lawyers 
dealing with corporate 
law. You will be working 
with four other secretaries 
and win be prepared to 
work (paid double) 
overtime occassionally 
when the pressure is on. 
Skillls 80/80 and I 
Display writa III WP 
experience essential. 

Age 20-30. , 





£10,000 package 

This multinational holding rompan> are looking 
fora professional person with drive and ambition 
to join their Srrvii-es Division. Working together 
with the Administration Manager in this 
expanding role, you will assist with staff 
recruitment and total maintenance of the Head 
Office. Good skills fty). oil I and WP experience 
are essential. Personnel experience an ad van tape. 
Agp 25+. Please telephone ft 1 -400 1232 . 

li-t-rui I in-nl f-in-ulMnt. 

based at Leaden Bridge 

req'jlres an 


to work with a Senior Management team of four, headed by the 
MO. Candidates should have s good educational background 
and be able to demonstrate initiative and the ability to work 
under presstse. 

In addition to general secretarial duties there wil be genuine 
opportunities for the successful canadtdate to develop a career 
in other areas within the investment business. Previous 
experience in a financial environment would be an advantage. 
Five-figure salary negotiable, dependent upon experience, plus 
generous fringe benefits. 

Please said full C.V. to Jacqne Marshall BOX B53. 



If you can. and, in addiiion to possessing the normal 
secretarial skills, you are numerate and have some 
experience of using a Personal Computer, then you 
are likely to be just the person i am looking for. 

Applicants are invited to write to: 



24+ £124100 
+ si! banking benefits 

pry B aitang Group mshes to award 3 Serwtr level PAY mtt poor 
imjnoai.’ banking expwwnce. Excellent prescnatnin & aMav 10 
wtse wtn a tents s ol uai amount urcortance lowrtwr wtti A level 
sondad ot education & skills at 100 60 (One posnwn « tn-bnuat 
necessuarjig consent use ol Die FRENCH language]. 

Please contact Lya BaM 01 439 3054 
(til <39 C4SZ 2J toil 

S«8e 22J. linen Halt. 162-168 Regent Street W! 


Required for bus* Dc.ifn School HI Bdgravtt. Good shorthand 
and vMwd proerswne essential. Satan from IS.SOu depending on 
age and experience. Applications with CV 10 

The Director of Adiainistnition 
lachbald School of Design 
7 Eaton Gate 
London SWJW 9BA 



We aze a well established City 
based consultancy specialising in 
banking and financial 

In line with our programme of 
expansion we wish to form a 
temporary placement division. 

We therefore need to appoint a 
first rfass temporary controller to 
set up and run this newly created 

This is a ground floor opportunity 
for an ambitious self starter. 
Entrepreneurial flair and a 
commitment to hard work are 
essential qualities. 

A generous remuneration 
package will be offered to the 
successful candidate. 

For farther details please 
telephone: 01-638 5286 



£10,000 (no S/hand) 
Annual bonus 
Nou-contrib pension 
Mortgage snbsidy 

paid O/T 
share scheme 
social dnb 

Apililude and interest in PCs? Then enjoy playing 
with the latest computer packages and technology, as 
well as using your secretarial and admin skills. The 
International Division of a major City Merchant 
Bank near Moorgaie awaits you! There will be a 
complete mixed tog- keeping tabs on projects, acting 
as an information service, typing reports and 
correspondence on the IBM. Flexibility and 
opportunity sum up ibis job. Age early 20's. 60 wpm 




01-283 0111. 

amount NflQ 


This is a brand new job at top level working for two of 
the best bosses you could hope for who are at the 
sales and marketing end of the construction business. 
This is a very successful firm who need a secretary 
who is highly motivated can handle VIP's and wants 
to use drew initiative 90/55 + WP (Wang pref). . 



..TO £9.500 

SocmMc office needs an 
aninilair secretary aged JO- 
25 who can Imre with 
dim is and become totally 
involved m the day lo day 
bra. Skills vo/Sawpni. 


Excellent opportunity to 
become involved in this 
busy varied and interesting 

position. Must be a quick 
thinker aged 22-27. Skills 

thinker agod 22-27.! 
VtVS5wpm +. 

For full details on either of the above posltioos catt 
Annette 734 7823 

kings land personnel consultants 


ft M 

Chairman of Small Investment Co whh smart Wt 

offices needs a superbly presented and spoken PA. aged 
25-27 who can type & who is supremely efficient 

Unique dunce to develop a non-sec career. 

Call Karyn on 408-1631. 

Middleton Jeffers 


International Shipping Co needs shorthand secretary 
with WP. telex and general admin experience to join 
a small friendly team in Bond Sum. Comfortable at 
Board Level and happy to make the tea! 

Hours 1.30 - 6_30 pm, Monday - Friday. 

Please call Stolt-Nidsen on 01-629 9269. 


£ltL2Cfl + 

As social seottay to the senior 
wm. you *"* w day 

VI a last moving cfcsflrngmg 
position co-ordinating and 
attending all client flerel- 
oomenis and anal functions ot 
Pie company Pleas* 1 an tfkta 
io> an mmaftate (ritrwew 

c.£ 1 1,000 

in ite Ousy hectic nortt ot 
faslxon. impress the Derctor 
writi tow atrirty to tab! control 
ana otgamse me oepatiremL 
Attend meetings, draws new 
merchandise aid groally 
become a member ol Die team 
Age 30+ wife speeds of 80150. 
etas an outcome oersonakty ae 
the rawrements they need. 






£12,000 pa 

The young, dynamic Personnal 
Director of ai international fern of 
insurance brokers is looking for the 
perfect PA If you have excellent 
secretarial skills, considerable senior 
level experience, a strong 
personality and me aged between 
25-35 then please contact me to 
find out more about this varied and 
responsible position. Joanna Ball. 

Sal aeg. 

Jam a yoono ony team at 
brokers rat head for cock 
promotion. As The admin 
support to the timber yoo wO 
use your rusty JypiiiB 
oaassrtiuuy on 3na i 
computer. Insurance ! 
experience usaM. 



The specialist chmc offers 

'm admn and shat tonne 
hours far a P«w» ^ a 
trainng in. or leanmg towards 
toaKh sort WSh A Uwis ad 
S/R tsmee yoa future 

Kris mat 

MEDIA with travel 

Traval wftan oigamsinj 
conferen ces a" jj* 


Mtn 80 S/H. an . 

Lyps urit tor mat WonaaW. 

French anti Spanish 

Sat D» roa can use voir 
imtiaow and dnw "fj™ 2S 
Vintners m pipmnaon ml r«. 
Choose liorti a 
positions. Stortfo*! 

SerteiJ. but ii 5 moie ,nBn 

MaSagB aw 

I StsfflBtxTidnetfoas 
TEL: 01-486 G3S1 

Staff Imrodncrions 
TEL: OT-48B6951 

Staff Introducrions 
TEL: Ql-480 G951 

guff Introductions 
TEL: Qi-4866951 


Upwanl mototty lor top PA 30's. Hot hrn exesitent seerptanal 
skits to< mfl wa s * * * / ate over Aftren and w uanstn g tunettons 
a op-ssrfcst W1 Heann CUk 


RECEPTIONIST 20’s &£9^00 

find boons) 

DM pnKHttd person with experience and charm you *0 tbnve 
witti trie aina it m Qty 6nnp. MonavUi swucri. toes ot nMresbnp 
people and cheerful variety at dues. 


Real career opp tor PA ZSisti w9i way active Qiawman ol expandng 
Mil kwe s anem Co. Occ Shenrand/Typxig must tie goto bd 
Jwsiness panxasoon at to levels Mgh pnonty. - - 

i 01-491 1868 

Independem Travel Company reqiam M4 rm«mj*J 

skills m hdp prepare nodpromOic roure^ 

SSrSSL Salary t*.tM * powmal pmfir share + l» 
mps i o CmiKL 

Please write enclosing C.V to: 
Trevor, Globe Post Ltd, 

324 Ketmitigtoii Park Rd, Ixmdon SE11- 

FRIENDLY & FUN! c. £12,000 

(fad boras) 

Thud Secretly wxtdto «h tra Ktors (total spn^.who keep = 
toe top toaos of City Droansamn afloat 24 b#l pubhc school SO- 
5(ksh. Supffl crowd amf fnnge benefe ' 






in WXJ. 


to £11,000 + benefits. 


Can Stefla 

01 734 2567 


54 RoBBtoStcM, LaodoaWl I 
TaUn-4392308 \ 

k. StdU Jrn\ 


Due to ihe continued growth of our newspapers, 
we are expanding our Classified Telephone Sales Team 
and are looking for bright, enthusiastic, self-motivated 
Sales people. 

The required qualifications are a good level of education 
and the ability to type. 

Ideally you will live within easy reach of London 
and be aged under 35 years. 

If you have what we are looking for, 

you shall be rewarded with an excellent starting salary plus bonus scheme, 
generous holiday entitlement and excellent benefits. 

Please telephone now: 


Patricia Moore 
01 822 9342 


You mun look the pan 
to join a team of four 
experienced reception- 
ists in a superb legal 
company in the City. 
You must be socially 
confident, and posses s an 
excellent speaking voice 
whilst dealing wnh high 
prestige diems. SUnuy 
tailored seasonal suits 
pr o vided together whb 
L-Vs, free health cover 
and 2 salary reviews per 
annum. Age 25-30. 

This is a brilliant 
opportunity for a bright 
anH intelligent ' 

jobber to become 
thoroughly involved 
with a small team of 
professionals. You will 
need excellent short- 
hand typing and word 
processing and be able 
to work without 
supervision in a hectic 
environment. Age 20- 



Major City based Financial Services Group and 
owned subsidiary of a tea *^- s -®?5L!f? K Aifctan 
qualified I PM assistant to under^rwxDtinem^^twn. 
arranging training courses and ^nml^radon. Bwwto me. 
profit snare, non-com medicaJ/Jrfe cover. 

RBJftUlTjfiW CONSULTANTS - S Hminplisi Arcade. K&sjblsbratp SW3 

Details 408-1220 Steve Mills (Rec Cons). 


£ 11,000 

of Bond St. 

Rccni' imrot Consul Mn a 
- MKMJwvFlM U/‘ 

of Bond St. 

Recnxontfn Comuium % 

Mb SS ireadwrwfaiMtt/ 

Does your present agency offer: 

■ Free word ptocessingiSecrefarictf ■ Life instance? 

software training? ■ Referral bonuses? 

■ Paid holidays? ■ Recognition for 

■ Paid Bank Holidays? goodperiotrnareje? 

tf you've enswered "no" even once, it's time you checked into Manpower 
We offer all the above and more. 

Cad us now. 

Managing Director of tho 
lively West End Estate 
Agency requires a top 
Secrmary/Offlce Manager to 
work «1 aits busy but friendly 
envtromeni. Good organ isar- 
FonaJ skits together with Sh/ 
typ are essrnmaL Previous 
property evpanence would 
be an advantage. 

Drive and Ambition 1 ©MANPOWER Tel:2250505 

Ul IVC CHIU nillUIUUII ^ Temporary Staff Specialists « hour answerfrw service 

2d riots’ answering 9orv ice 


(Rec Coos) 

22 Sooth Mutton St W1 
629 3692 629 5580 

£ 8,000 

How much do you want lo achieve? If you have 
ability, drive and ambition this superb inrer- 
ncrtionol company offers you a great deal. 
Planned careers, excellent framing and very 
real prospects for personal development and 
promotion. Prestigious riverside location. Super 
forge company benefits. Goodskilh(80/50)and 
ability to communicate at all levels requested. 
Age2l+. Please telephone 01-493 4466. 




to £7,500 

This specialist Promotions Company are seeking 
u bright, polished youns person in join their 
small leant. Following promotions through from 
beginning to end yon will liaise with clients and 
journalists, organise events and become totally 
involved. A n-al career move, l his expanding 
Company offer- challenge, enjoyment and a 
busy, fasl-moxinw environment. Good typing 
essential. Ap*21+. Please telephone 01-KW 1232. 

£9,160 + exe perks 

An dad opportunity to use 
yor sec/adnwi skills and your 
personality in this involved and 
rewarding tins of work. A very 
vaned position - arrange 
appointments, greet appli- 
cants. type correspond ante 
etc. lots ot telephone work. 
Very nm job. 


£11.000 + 

BUPA. STL. pension. Sub 
Restoreid. WM one-to-one wto 
Partner Y«n on vwy piusti ullto. 
TIB vwy tope Cdy coouony a last 
exoandog. to mta m 4 NMPptd 
ultices. job ottos ft# nnheniH 
mdudng nub d«m contact over 
telephone and m petson 

Ruoonsibla lor diaiy. traval. 
metoncs ale. Suite 100/50 Dam 

etc. Stos 100 /SO DC 
aceBent appottunty. 

Call Jane 01 23S 2481 

Rap JlH 238 2481 





required for Advertisement Department of 

I T you have experience in other of the above mo fields 
then join ihn fading firm of Interior designers as 

Re*'runinrtil Cutt^ilunlv 

Times Newspapers Ltd. Applicant must be 
Dueat io French and German. Good 
shorthand/typing. Excellent salary. 4 weeks 
holiday + Company benefits. Please write to: 

Mr Ian Wilkie, 
Advertisement Sales Manager, 
Times Newspapers Ltd., 

200 Gray’s Inn Road, 

London, WClX 8EZ. 

secretory to a senior executive. He concentrates on public 
retationsfor Hie company and os his PA you would enjoy 
considerable contact with diems. Spectacular offices and 
salary review aAcr « months. 100/60 skills needed. 


to £11,000 

Move Up In 

A very successful video production company seeks o bright 
cquimuied secre tor y to jom them, ft will be your respon- 
wbtfity _ to ensure the office runs smoothly, provide 
wucuria! support u the directors and supervise junior . 
members of staff! 60 wpm aodio ability essential. Please 
t s fcgh — SI 248 J53L 


Elizabeth Hunt 

— RecntilmentConsuilonfcs — 
18 Gf05venor Sbe^ London W1 

A superb opening for a bright young 
person with experience of the Advertising 
’World. Vtoiking with this newly appointed, 
dynamic young Director you will deal 
directly with large, prestigious diems and 
generally build up the position together. 
You must have flair, initiative and lots of 
drive as well as good skills (90/55 J and the 
ability to communicate at all levels. Age 
23-34. Please telephone OM'93 5787. 

to £13,000 

Hi-flying Director of top City Co offers total 
involvement, including liaison with lop echcton 
especially Big Wigs in the City! A good 
communicator essential, plus shorthand. 

CaD 580*5081. 


Middleton Jeffers 

to £9,500 



Rrcrunincnl Cuosubutte 

A famous design and 
P.R. company with 
fabulous Bloomsbury 
offices needs an 
organised person who 
knows that reception 
work is much more than 
a few “good mornings’ 
fined in between the 
knitting and the cups of 
coffee. This job will be a 
hectic mixture of 
telephone work, and 
helping creative people 
and their diems. Free 

company in Mayfair 
seeks smart top 
class PA sec for 
interesting and 
varied position. 

secretarial skills. 
Knowledge of WP 
or computers 
essential. Aged 25 - 

Salary £10,000 - 
£12,000 negotiable. 





The young professorial team is looking to an experienced person 
with iraiianve, tact and sW/to organise Dietr busy creative office. 
Would you enjoy having the responsibility of nunagng the day to 
day adminsBtraiJon. secretaire! stalt and of tasrng with cflwits? tf 
so. we wfl offer you an excellent salary. Please write with detailed 
CV to; Ourtbome Parker. 8 Seymour Place. London W1H 5WF 

Are yon 22+ with good 
secretarial skills and 
interested in clothes and 



£104100 + NEG CITY 

Ulrica ? If so you'd enjoy 
this leadinff Internationa] 

Senior post assisting two 
executives of Latin American 
bank. Dunes nuiM en co m pass 

could jug Iheir promotional 
team liaiainj; with both P.R. 
I and Press. CaU JVH Roberts 

a wda variety where numeracy 
G very important. Engtoh UfT. 
Huent Spared and SH ei both. 

fhtem Spared and 
Age 25+. 

Please apply 

with CV to: 




fora 01-329 3515 «■ 


Miss Clare 

14 Stanhope 

London W1 5 LB. 




lor general office duties in 
Greek Shipping Office in City. 
Presentable, under 30. non 
smoker, salary depending on 
qualifications up to £8,500 
phis bonus. Phone Mrs 
Carter 01-488 0331 between 
11.00 am & 1.00 pm only. « 
write to; Chios Navigation Co. 
Ud. Ibex House. 42/47 
Mm ones, London EC3N 10Y. 



01-493 3085 

■ rec cony 




C.E10.000 CITY 

£10,500 + ca 


Reamres Display Sales 
Artvernsament Encubve 10 «rark 
m the rasahnW unmerty/hne 
arts area- Cantodates stnM be 
laimliat with all aspects ol 
advertisement sales, aged 
between IS- 25 and aWe lo drive 
Comoany cm. negotiable salary 
and usual benefits assoaated 
wiilt employment in ma(or 

Phase Sbb KrtwfaisSe 
01 353 60RI ext 1028. 

Who Else? 

m RA0TE 
jL cmmffiE 

taMtoin Crewman ol tots 
prooegous M Famm Haw 
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lose way 
in the fog 

By Bryan Stiles 


Cambridge Unhr. 


Little man mountain 
rears out of the mist 
to embrace the world 


This season of mists and 
mellow fruitfulness has held so 
joy for the fresh-foced young- 
men of Cambridge. They crept 
away quietly out of the fog and 
into the comfort of the dressing- 
room on Saturday hoping that 
they had taken part in the last 
unfruitful engagement of the 

Their next assignment brings 
their annual meeting with Ox- 
ford University next week, the 
pinnacle of their rugby year, »hiH 
one of the few matches in which 
their talents might at last be 

given full expression. 

Even though Northampton 
are not among the country’s 
leading dubs at ihe moment, the 
margin of their victory by three 

goals, three tries and a penally to 

nil emphasises the gulf which 
exists between the University 
game and that played by dubs, 
with their intensive coaching 
and well-drilled manoeuvres. 
They will console themselves 
with the knowledge that Oxford 
have the same difficulties 

But there were a couple of 
bolts from the Blues which lit up 
the mist -enshrouded activities 
at Franklin’s Gardens. The as- 
sertive running of Oti on the 
left-wing produced welcome 
treats. It was an aggressive burst 
from him which baffled two 
opponents in quick succession 
and punctured the Northamp- 
ton defence in the fifth minute 
to set up a threequarter move- 
ment which should have 

By David Hands 





w ” 

brought a try under the posts, 

Unfortunately, Lord 
without looking and instead of 
having a six point confidence- 
boosting start the students saw 

Ward intercept and tear almost 
sth of the field for a try 

a six 

the length 

which gave their hosts 
point send-off instead. 

It was morale-sapping wound. 
Without it the students might 
have been encouraged to throw 
the ball around more, but they 
played like losers from then on. 

NmthonptofE Trias. Ward, Poole (2), 
Packman. Fox, Reason. Canvs. 
Greenhagh (3J. Pen. Groantiatah. 
Northampton: R Hinton: F Packman. D 
Woodrow, M Greenftafgh. B Ward; J 
GuML P Demy: N Fax. u Swato-Bodgw. 
S Haewr. A Reason. V Cannon. S 
Waldron. I Whin. G Poole. 

Cambridge: M Thomas (Gowerton GS, 

It would be far too simplis- 
tic to write this down as 
Jonathan Davies's match. The 
little Welsh stand-off* half 
scored a try which I doubt will 
he bettered in club games this 
season for impudence and 
speed of execution but his 
talents were allowed to pros- 
per by a pack of forwards 
whose mobility made Bath, 
themselves no slouches, look 

Victory at the GnoQ on 
Saturday was every bit as 
convincing as it appears. 
Neath scored a goal, two tries, 
three penalty goals and a drop 
goal against three penalties 
and by the end Bath looked a 
tired and depressed team. 

The only area in which they 
offered supremacy was the 
scrum and that disturbed 
Neath not a jot; it meant a 
hard lime for Booth, their 
young scrum half in his first 
senior season, but he shrugged 
off ladders, loaned on his back 
row and mark* sure that 
Davies received possession 
worth having. 

Neath’s great virtue lay in 
their back row, in Clegg’s 
lineout work and the consis- 
tent support offered by their 
tight forwards. They reduced 
Robinson and Simpson to 
near-anonymity by the end, 
though Hall managed to ride 
the storm and finished 

Robinson also suffered a 
painful lesson from Davies, 
who teased him throughout 

die match; the blond flanker 
may take comfort from the 
fact that there are not many 
like Davies in Britain and he 
should be a better player for it 

Davies is one of the main 
reasons for thinking that a 
British side may yet upset the 
southern hemisphere apple- 
cart next year. His intuitive 
brilliance shone through the 
wraith-like mist creeping off 
the mountain and when wales 
descend upon New Zealand in 

May I hope they have a couple 
of scrum halves who will 

cherish Davies, because other 

sides will have him in their 


His pack must treasure him. 
He kept them going forward, 
be turned Bath upon their 
heels just when they thought 
better times were ahead, two 
little chip-locks and collec- 
tions were reminiscent of 
Bath's own John Horton — 
both led to scores — and his 
concentration upon the ball in 
defence was totaL 

His try came from a Bath 
failure to drop out correctly. 
Earlier in the second half 
(which Neath entered leading 
19-6) he bad dropped a goal 
from a scrum; now he feinted 
to do the same; then left 
Barnes and Robinson stand- 
ing by his pace off the mark, 
swerved inwards to flummox 
the secondary cover and out 
again for the try. Bath's praise 
for him afterwards was com- 
pletely genuine. 

Defeat in midweek against 
Gloucester in thick mud un- 
doubtedly left Bath drained 
but, as Barnes pointed out, 
Neath had a difficult midweek 
game with Maesteg, too, 
which they won. 

Whether Neath's all-action 

game will see them through a 
season of SO daunting fixtures 
— that kind of demand on a 
player is frightening — re- 
mains to be seen but let ns 
enjoy their skill, the ebullience 
of unsung heroes like Powell 
and the strength of Stuart 
Evans, while we may; their 
knowledgeable crowd, too, 
who packed the ground to the 

Bath were seven points 
down in as many minutes. 
Thorburn, who was not at the 
height of his powers, kicked 
the first of his three penalties 
and Griffiths was driven over 
for a try which owed much to 
Powell and Lyn Jones. 

It was as well for Bath that 
Martin was so cool under 
pressure but it was their own 
laboured passing, which gave 
Rees an interception try from 
60 metres, that destroyed their 
hopes of recovery. With Neath 
robbing them of maul ball, 
too, their lack of controlled 
play was almost total 

Perhaps it should be men- 
tioned that, apart from de- 
ments of frustration from 
Bath, which were under- 
standable, it was a game 
played in the best of spirits 
and well handled by Les 
PeardL Bath, who have set off 
like a train, in seasons past, 
only to fefter before Christ- 
inas, win come again in the 
new year with the cup to 
concentrate their minds. 

SCORERS: l le tar THa»: QriHWw. Baas, 
pgvtes- C o w— l a w Thotbum. PwaWtr 
Thorium Q). Drop god: Davies. Bate 
taMt— Barnes (3). 

NEATH P Thorium; E Rees, A Jonas. R 
Griffiths. S Powell; J Davies. A Booth: J 
Push. K PWflps. S Evans, P Pugh. S 
Darnto. B Clegg, L Jonas. M Jonas. 

BATH: C MarflrX A Swift. J Primar. S 
HaflUay. P Blacks* S Barnes. R Hflfc G 
Chacon. G Daws. R Lae. S Robinson, i 
Mormon, N PaOntan. J HaM. P Simpson. 
Rstaraa: L Peart (CwttMon). 

Ma^fakmEJ Isaac (Webacft Churdtifl). 

Italian connection 
is growing apace 

By Gerald Davies 


Taunton. Corpus CristfXAHobhs {Worth. 
1 ). NTopPlng (RGS High Wyo- 





omlKL^SDt John's^ 'R Wamwrldht 
t Magdalen), ' 

5. Emmsnua^- 

_ ... John's). R 
(Glendmond, Magdalen), * T WUhyman 

■ a Blue 

(tefaraa: C Evans (Kant). 

leads at 

By David Hands 

Mike Harrison, who has led 
Yorkshire to the semi-finals of 
the Thorn-EMI county 
championship this season (they 
play North Midlands at Moseley , 
in March), will captain the 
North in their divisional game 
against the South-West at 
Waierioo on Saturday. 

He leads a side drawn from 1 3 
dubs, a complete reversion 
from the selection policy of the 
South-West and London, who 
have drawn upon the expertise 
of Bath and Wasps respectively. 
Moreover it is a team with 
several notable divergences 
from England's thinking, in that 
the likes of Peter Williams, 
Andy Simpson and John Carle- 
ion find no place. 

Steve Bainbridge has a ham- 
string injury or he might have 
won a place at lock ahead of 
Wade Dooley while the robust 
talents of Paul Simpson have 
seen him preferred at No 8 to 
the more Quid style of Peter 
Buckton. The younger Buckton. 
John, returned too late to press 
his claims ai centre where Will 
Carling, from Durham Univer- 
sity, is picked at divisional level 
for the first time. 

Carting, who captained Eng- 
land Schools mom centre, 
played full back for the univer- 
sity in his first year but has been 
a major influence on Durham 
County’s expansive play this 
season. His county e g , 
Mike Fenwick, is prefened at 
hooker 10 the experienced Anay 
Simpson white anmterestmg 
name among tbe 
is that of Andy McFartane. the 
Fvlde No 8 who plays tor 
Cumbria and has recently re- 
turned from a two-year stay tn 

nokt wwtiWSz 

When there is too much of the 
heavy business flying around, as 
there has been of late — a 
threatened court case here, a bit 
of thuggery there — and the 
spirits begin to sink with the 
dying year, a visit to Suadey 
Park can be relied upon to arrest 
any further decline. 

If things did not get off to a 
good start this season for Lla- 
nelli, with hints that they might 
just be on some slippery slope 
themselves, it is no longer the 
case, it is, in feet, the same old 
place; expea only to find some 
marvellous rugby. 

Those moments of ^partde 
look a long time coining on 
Saturday against Newport, but 
come our way they eventually 
did and l.ianrili won comfort- 
ably by two goals, two tries and 
three penalties to a try and one 

The team is a mixture of 
experienced heads and some 
young ones who have it all 10 
make. If the sprinkling of Evans 

and Davies make it recognizably 
he third or 


the way Manley ran in 
midfield you could not help but 
feel they were ill-chosen tactics 
that Newport had begun with. 
But it was too late. Llanelli, by 
then, had broken their chains 
and were running freely. 

The first half bad little to 
commend it Gravdle had 
kicked two penalties, Childs 
one, and even the try was a bit 
fortiiituons with Nigel Davies 
somehow getting his hands on 
the ball from 2 high up-and- 
under by Child s and felling over 
the line. Turner bad kicked a 
penalty for the visitors. 

For 10 minutes after the 
interval Newport looked to be 
taking command. With some 
powerful charges they drove 
towards Llanelli's line. The ball 
came back time and again and 
with ironic cheers and shoots of 
“lock’* from the crowd, that is 
precisely what Turner did. They 
got nowhere. 

Then the colour of the match 
changed. And it was the home 
team, with some ddightfiii run- 
ning, who provided it in their 
inimitable style. All four tries 
were the result of exciting 

forced to 
yield again 

By David Hands 

Saracens most have 
that, after years of trying, they 
had achieved their first wfn over 
Leicester on Saturday. They led 
for most of the game at Wdford 
Road, only to use 19-16 when 
Hare, that scourge of so many 
sides, kicked two more penalties 
to go with three from the first 

a Llanelli side, the 
fourth generation Italian 
connection is m a kin g its pres- 
ence fell, too. 

Antoniazzi looks a promising 
lock while Ferego, at wing 
forward, had an outstanding 
game. A good future awaits 
them. But it is the finding of Ben 
Childs, to replace Pearce at 
szand-ofT, which has restored 
Llanelli's good fortune. He 
guided them nicely on Saturday. 

Newport played far too rigid a 
game. They baa more than their 
fair share of possession, with 
George and Powell particularly 
effective in the loose, but the 
forwards preferred to hang on to 
the balk and if they did not then 
Turner kicked it 

They were 19-3 down when 

Carwyn Davies scoredhis try 
before be r 

had to 
replaced by Kevin 

of hi 

0 $ to be 

got one of his own. The others 
were scored by Griffiths and 
Graven e. Childs converted two 
of these and GraveUe one. For 
Newport it was entirely just that 
Manley, who had a good game, 
scored their try. 

SCORER& UtmK Trias WQM Davies; 
Carwyn Davies; A Griffiths; M GraveMa; K 
Thomas. CoavMNons: B CWtts <2fc M 
Gravels (U PtmMts: M Grwela B 
ChUa (j). Newport: Try: C Manley. 

LLAj^U T M n ^aveaa; P Hopkins, l 
Evans. N Davies. C Davies (rap: K 
Thomeak B CUMs, S Giavlfle:_A Bu- 

; ToMntey. l Delaney. A GnfRta. 

P May. J Antoniazzi. M Perago, P Davies. 

,_;PGoidt:M Batten. C Manley. 

J Gatturcl, J Whiter P Turner, N CeM&Oi J 

R Young. A Puny. R PowAOWaiers- 
Referae: M Gareth Sfmmonds (Tafia 

The London dnh, after several 
recent reverses, raised their 
game and Howe their hopes by 
his lineont play. They had the 
the consolation of scoring more 
tries than Leicester, through 
Steadman and Grier, with Smith 
kicking two penalties and a 
conversion. But Burnell’s try for 
Leicester, together with Hare's 
locking, rescued the hosts. 

Wackheath, who beat Neath 
the previous weeke n d, win have 
noted the Welsh dub's success 
over Bath while digesting their 
own 13-4 defeat at Coventry. 
Saunders scored Coventry's try 
and Fairs kicked three pen- 
alties, leaving Wfllden to score 
.Black heath's try. 

Harlequins and London 
Webb played out a delightful 
game at the Stoop Memorial 
ground, Harlequins winning 31- 
18 bat the E riles suppling many 
of tire pyrotechnics. Davies, 
Jackson and Salmon each 
scored two tries for the winners; 
Price converted the three Welsh 
tries from FSB, Evans and 

Wasps rested Andrew, who 
had a slight knee iqjnry, and 
Lozowsld, hot stiQ disposed of 
Gosforth 22-13. On the way they 
lost Rose, their No 8, with an 
Injury which may worry the 
London selectors, bat not before 
he had scored a try. Probyn 
scored another while Johnstone 
(fry) and Johnson (two penalties 
and a dropped goal) shared the 
Gosforth points. 

A team in search of the ball 

®y Michael Stevenson 

On® a ..... 




but they are not good enough u> 
play rugby without the ball, a 
melancholy problem that faced 
them at Edge Hall Road on 

JP rratf,; “ E ^JSSS5!i ( S^Sm5SS;- Saturday, where Orrell fri- 

umphed by two goals, two tnes 
B Underwood 1 ^ a penalty to niL 

is feegH j 

No decision on 
S Africa tour 

Sydney l API - An. Austrafrm 
aid yesterday the organization 


February at the earliest. 

The union’s executive duw- 
, 0 ^ John «««*■*-“ 


For much of the first half ihe 
Richmond pack just about kept 
their head above water, though 
lineout ball was scarce and 
Orrell had a distinct edge in the 
rucks and mauls. But, despite 
some wonderful work by Sole 
and Vyvyan, Richmond’s 
strength was being sapped. 

offiT in the dosing Staffs, 
with defeat looming, did Rich- 
mond again show 10 advanUtfft 
with the lively Fennock thrust- 
ing on the wing and BrmckJey,a 
late replacement for Smith at 
stand-off halt showing ™ 

skill and judgement 

Orrell themselves had prob- 
lems at stand-off half Langford 
played there on Saturday to 
make room for Peter Williams, 
the England squad full back, 
that is until he was injured (65 
minutes) and replaced by Mor- 
ris, who showed youthful 

Generally, the Orrell backs 
over-elaboraiod, refusing to do 
the simple things well; thus they 
were relatively ineffective until 
Richmond willed in the second 
half The back row, spearheaded 
by the brilliant Buckton, played 
well throughout and much of 
the best rugby emanated from 
this quarter. 

It was only 7-0 at half-time. 
Gary Williams had kicked a 45- 
yard penal ty after several misses 
and Peter wflliams bad scored a 
fine try, made by Buckton's 
li ghtning pick-up and pene- 
trative running on the left wing 
by HalsalL 

scored. Langford received the 
ball 10 yards out and was faced 
with a wall of defenders, 
through which he bumped and 
battered his way to score near 
the left -band comer flag. 

Morris marked his arrival 
with a try, made by Peter 
Williams, who slipped him the 
scoring pass after he had been 
ankle-tapped by Sole five yards 
out. Gary Williams again con- 
verted confidently. Oirefl's last 
by was a beauty. Fbfl beat his 
man in the centre and, with P 
Williams in the line; chain- 
passing pnt the speedy Wil- 
kinson in on the right from the 

SCORERS; Trtvc P WBSarns. Larotord, 
Morris, WBonwi Ceawntanu GWB- 
Kama ft). P va i R r G Warns. 

P WfiBams (rep: P Morris): 1 

WWnson. J CarlSton. DW P HatealC S 
Langford. G Wttons; K Rate**. P Bums. 
D V Southern. D Ciliary. R Khnmns. D 


RICHMOND: A Hampftt S PMfiOCfc, R 
uii&Aluic S BrtncJdey, J 

’s tiy, superbly con- 
front wide out by Gary 

Holman. J Heaton. Si 
CuSen; J Thom, P Combo, M James. □ 
Slagter, D Cooper, D 

williams, should nothave been 

Sole. M Slagter, D C 
Kermlnghani.C Vyvyan. 

Referee: C Luctey (Leinster). 

ikili ano juugctutuu _ ' l 1 • 

Lack of steam makes for close win 

By Michael Stevenson 

Warwickshire 18 group™ 

. .-13 


were in- 

begin on 
finish on 

Seven of ti* 

Australian tounstf - a 
Juried in the laacabire IS 
m-otip that narrowly defeated the 

rour — » include Lancashire 

jmy grnup uainanwwj — - 

SBSffeafi iSJSrtvj 

d not spe 
itch tour • 


Sde^officialoruau: ?aD _ owt 

Lancashire loo! 

SiSSSss* 8 * SS'tfSK 

ARFU “ be M official the line «aA 

the ARFLF 
it would not 
Wallaby tour 

when he was checked, Mahon 
snapped dp Ihe loose ball and 
was over for Hughes to convert 

Hughes added a penalty so 
Lancashire fed 94) at the inter- 
val; and they stretched their fead 
imme diately after half time 
when No 8, Barnett broke from 
ihe base of a set scrum 
Gradual the tide turned and 
Lancashire began to find them- 
selves under pressure. Tbe 
Warwickshire pack battered 
away at the home line and 
finally the scrum half, Miles, 
nipped round the blind side for 
a good try; the Warwickshire 
back* now began to show to 
advantage and both. Harris and 

the fen bade, QuamriH came 

dose to tries but the 
score was by 


casier RSS): A Cnfc#» (BWwp Benshaw 

Sigma ebs 

Valin ^nraster RGsfsj*^ * 



MMme ' 


SeMMR (U»wPotf * aarie * 



Davies: an outstanding outside half who scored an outstanding try 


Anglo-Scots find 
the right formula 

By Gordon Allan 

Anglo-Scots 22 

North and Midlands 6 

Inter-district and trial 
matches are not renowned for 
coruscating rugby and this one 
at Richmond on Saturday was 
no exception. The Anglo-Scots 
won by four tries, a dropped 
goal and a penalty goal to two 
penalties. leaving tbe Scottish 
North and Midlands with a 
record of two victories in their 
last 35 district games. 

The North and Midlands had 
to rearrange their back division 
shortly before tbe kick-off when 
Murray, the Scotland B full 
hark, pulled a hamstring. 
MacArtney, the left wing, took 
his place. Cross moved over 
from the right, and Harris, 
normally a scrum half, was 
promoted from the bench to the 
right wing. 

The Anglo-Scots always gave 
the impression of having some- 
thing in reserve if required. Put 
it down to the feet that they play 
regularly at a higher level than 
many of tbeir opponents. But 
there were still enough unforced 
errors to make you wonder, and 
if it came to a choice between 
kicking and taking a risk, kick- 
ing was generally favoured. 

Galbraith won an occasional 
line-out and Leclrie got through 
the work of two men in the 
loose- Otherwise the North and 
Midlands saw too little of 'the 

balL Macklin had another good 
game for the Anglo-Scots be fo re 
leaving the field with a cut eye 
and nose just after half-time. 
McLean was as positive as any 
of ihe backs. 

Gray. Stuart Irvine, Jones and 
Gary Irvine scored the Anglo- 
Scots’ tries. Maddin slipped the 
ball to Gray in a forward drive. 
Stuart Irvine, taking a pass from 
Morrison, went over at a tap 
penalty. Bruce- Lockhart and 
Beazley made the running for 
Jones. Gary Irvine scored from 
a scrum. Russell dropped a goal 
behind a scrum and Stuart 
Irvine kicked a penalty. Graham 
kicked two penalties in four 
attempts for the North and 

SCORERS: Aaob-Sfiotae Tries; Gray. S 
Irving. Jonas. G Irvins: Dropped gmt 
Russet tarty: S mine. Nwii nd 
Wd ta n dx Panefea mi aahflnnp). 
ANGLO-SCOTS: S kvioe (London Scot- 
teh), JBtwziey(EdN)ur^Wfendwars).R 
Mdj—n (Gloucester}. D Broco-LoddMrt 
(London Scottish}. T tawson-arawn 
C Russel (Wasps), G 
P Jones (Gloucester). I 
D Butcher (Saw). 

Wf ' 

superior at 
most points 

By l&a McLanchhm 






KM (London 

(London Scottish). C (bay (Notting ha m). I 
Mo til l a n (London Scottish). J Hacnto 
JLondCKi Scottish) (rep; R C w fagfasa. 

ieof Fite). 6 



Sharp (DurtrrnihoL P 
(Highland). D WfUm 
l J Scotobfe (Glasgow 

Academicals). H Edwards (Bore 
(Homo of Hie). C 

South ofSootland successfully 
opened their defence of the 
McEwan's Inter- District 
championship at tbe expense of 
Glasgow, at Hughendeu on 
Saturday. The borderers ran in 
five triesbut foiled to capitalise 
on iheir overwhelming superior- 
ity in the lineout and tbe loose. 
Perhaps it was as well for the 
Glasgow side that the visiting 
forwards seemed obsessed by 
the rolling maul rattier than 
producing quick clean pos- 
session for their backs. Glasgow 
were able to contain tbe ball and 
organise their defence much 
better than they had done 
against Edinburgh. 

Dods opened tbe scaring with 
a penalty goal and soon a 
straight drive by tbe forwards 
gave Laid law the chance to send 
in Rulherford for the first try. 
Dods missed tbe conversion but 
was successful with a penalty 
goal before Rutherford's 
dropped goal gave his side a 
cushion of 13 points. Glasgow 
then flickered into action, and 

before half time MacGregor was 
successful wrth two penalties. 

The South made an excellent 
start to the second half with two 

J Biyc# (Heriofs). 

mod tries by Tulealo and Taft. 

Understudies relish 
centre-stage roles 

By Gordon Allan 

London Scottish 17 

London Irish — 4 

Those who took an early 
lunch in order to watch tbe so- 
called curtain-raiser to tbe inter- 
district affair at Richmond on 
Saturday were rewarded with a 
match that was better entertain- 
ment than the main event. 
London Scottish beat London 
Irish by a goal, two tries and a 
penalty goal to a try, and h is 
worth bearing in mind that both 
sides were without some leading 

^^C^rockett, the Scottish full- 
back, a student at. the West 

Malcolm Davidson to put the 
Irish 4-3 ahead. MacNeiH came 
into the fine, Peter Davidson 
picked up a low pass on the left 
wing, and Malcolm Davidson, 
having been cleverly missed out 
in the movement, looped out- 
side him to score. 

The other Scottish tries were 

Slasgow fought back strongly 
with MacGregor kicking his 
third penalty goal before 
converting a superb try by 
Munro. Unfortunately Glasgow 
could not keep their mo- 
mentum going and the visitors 
added tries by Tukalo and 
Rutherford. Dods converted 
both tries and kicked a penalty 

The game must have dis- 
appointed the watching selec- 
tors as many unforced errors 
and petty technical infringe- 
ments prevented any real flow 
in the play. Glasgow troubled 
the South in the set scrums but 
scored by McKay after approach were overwhelmed in every 
work by Renwick and watt, and other phase of play. 

Searie, who took advantage of a Glasgow played with much 
dropped pass when the Irish more spirit and determination 

London Institute, was malting 
e first team, and 

tried to run the baU from their 
own line in the last few minutes. 

It was a match that could have 
swung to either side until that 
ricochet, which momentarily 
distracted the Irish defence and 
opened the way for Crockett’s 
try. There is not much wrong 

than on Wednesday but their 
forwards are naive and lack 
hardness. Kemp had a good 
debut at full back, and Manning 
was their best player in both 
attack and defence^ 

his debut in the 
besides playing well in other 
respects be scored the second 
best try of tbe match at an 
opportune time when Scottish 
were leading none too convinc- 
ingly 7-4. The ball ricocheted off 
Findlay’s shoulder into tbe 
hands of Renwick, who com- 
bined with Watt to send Crock- 
ett over. Chesworth landed the 
difficult conversion, having al- 
ready missed two or three much 
easier kicks. 

The best try was scored by 

with clubs whose reserve players 
tie plea- 

can give as much simple ph 
sure on a raw afternoon as they 
did in this game. 

SCORERS: London Scottish: Mss: Mo- 
Key, Crocket!. Searie; conversion: 
Chesworth; penalty: Chesworth. London 
Mate by: M D&vklsan. 

LONDQi SCOTTISH: T Crockett. B Watt. 
D Castie aw G Mston). L Renwft*. S 
Finday. N Chesworth. A McKay, N UWr, I 
Rougnaad. J Reid, J Searie, A Rhodes, I 
Camobeff-Lamerton, □ Tosh, D JeKnak. 

I KttStt H MacNeM. S CaropbeB. 

Glasgow: R Kerap (KHmamock); S Miavo 
(Ayr). 0 R McKee (Jorfanh*. A G Kar 
Academicals), P P Manning 
! G MacGregor (Borousrt™*). A G 
( Ayr): G M McGulnass, Wtest ol 
D R Uvingafon ( West of 

G B HAortson (SfWfcig 

County), J Rlozzl (West of ScottantJ), F 
McDowaB (Ayr). W H Malcolm (Gtasoow 
Academteafa. captain) /ea R 
jJordanhliqiJ-D Busby (Htnead). K Youig 

P ODonnati bttK N McCutia). U DauUson. 

4, R &, A Britt A Newbeny, 

PDavfdson.1 .... ... 

A Cook. FCSirthran, P Byrne, E Brennan, 
J Stwean, J ODrtscoO. A Mfer. 

Referee: A Reay (Bristol). 

..CD Deem 
■ (Hawick), A 
A M Paxton ( ' 

Referee: R J 


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are for the 

From Keith Wheatley 

On the eve of 
the crucial third 
round robin in 
the America’s 
Cup elimina- 
tion series. 
White Crusader 
has been acquitting herself well 

in a series of informal **drop-in 
races against other syndicates. 

Work on modifications to 
keel and hull finished late last 
week. The first challenge was a 
series of short races against 
Dennis Conner in Stars and 
Stripes. The weather was blow- 
ing around 20 knots, a 
windstrengLh that has hitherto 
favoured Conner’s boat. 

“We bad a very good day. The 
results against Stars and Stripes 
were very heartening,” Sir lan 
Easton, president of the British 
challenge, said. “Harold and the 

crew are very happy with the 

changes we’ve made. We’ve 
definitely made a significant 

‘-Of course, we were both 
trying out different sails and so 
forth. One could not read huge 
amounts into it.” 

yesterday While Crusader 
sailed against Australia IV. now 
the sole contender from the 
Bond syndicate. In winds of 
over 20 knots she appeared at 
least a match for the latest 
Lexcen design. 

Before the final round robin 
in tbe Louis Vuitton Cup begins 
tomorrow the British syndicate 
are hoping to fix a final day of 
trials against Conner. 

• Pope John Paul yesterday met 
representatives of the America’s 
Cup syndicates. The invitation 
to meet him was issued by 
Monsignor Brian Walsh, na- 
tional director of the papal visit 
to Australia. Representatives 
from Italy. Australia. France, 
United States. Canada, England 
and New Zealand attended the 


Paying the 

for victory 

By Srikmnar Sen 
Boxing Correspondent 

It was an exciting afternoon’s 
boxing at Battersea on Saturday. 
There ware some good scraps. 
The best one was between 
Rocky Kelly, of Actpn and Tony 
Brown, of Liverpool. It had 
Brown out on his feet in the 1 1 th 
and the crowd on theirs. 

The bout had been full of 
drama, with Brown boxing him- 
self back info the lead and Kelly, 
all blood and guts, stopping 
Brown from “nicking'’ iL After 
the bout Kelly climbed up ou 
tbe ropes and shook his fists in 
the air in the direction of his 
fans and screamed: “ We done 
ilT. If only the cameras could 
have caught his face at that 
moment: good Hollywood stuff 
of triumph in adversity. 

The trouble, however, was 
that this contest was only the 
final eliminator for the British 
welterweight title. Tbe thought 
of Kelly having to gp on and face 
Sylvester Mittee or Kirkland 
Laing, who box for the title 
vacated by Lloyd Honeyghan. 
on Wednesday, must have 
caused the uncommitted fans 
some concern. For even accept- 
ing that Mittee and Laing are 
not as formidable as they used 
to be and that Kelly, with a lot of 
luck, could fight his bean out 
again and lift the title, the fact is 
that the challenger has has 
surely taken one shot too many. 

After his bout you could not 
have fitted in a fist between the 
lumps on Kelly's face. It seems 
quite plain that he cannot 
defend himself any more, can- 
not see openings staring him in 

the face, cannot judge distances 

to land his punches, and worst 
of all, cannot see the shots 
coming and is too slew to 
understand what is going on in 
the ring. 

Kelly is a typical case of a 
fighter drunk on punches. There 
is nothing like a good scrap to 
him. He thrives on punches. 
What should be worrying the 
boxing board is what will hap- 
pen when he cannot get any 
more when be bangs up his 

Tony McKenafe, the British 
light- welterweight champion, 
had the fright of his life when be 
was floored with the first blow of 
his bout with Ford Jennings, of 
Fort Worth, Texas. After he had 
recovered he stayed on top with 
his mother, Daisy, screaming 
instructions to him blow by 


RESULTS: Super toathentagfaf (8 
rounds): RoydHavard bt Marvin drav, ret, 
2nd. Ught-iraKor(S rounds): Chris Safes 
bt Pater Ashcrof. pts. Weltto (12 rounds; 
final Hfla ft u ttof for British tttat Rodtv 
h. Writer (10 

Kflly WTony Brown, ref, lift. I 

T&fiy McKenzie bt Ford Jemungs 
(US), rsf. 5th- Heavy (6 rounds): Keith 
Ferdinand M Stem Gw, pts. 


French topple 
gutsy Wolves 

The final leg of the European 
dub championships at Orleans, 
on Saturday was a remarkable 
affair. The Wolverhampton 
judo dub humbled the cream of 
French judo yet failed to 
capture the European title (a 
special correspondent writes). 

After losing 2-1 and 1 5 points 
to 10 in tbe first leg, they gave a 
remarkable display to level tbe 
score. The decisive contest was 
to be between Gordon and del 
Colombo, but del Colombo was 

This result meant a 3-2 win 
for Wolverhampton and a draw 
on aggregate. But in Ihe refights, 
Orleans won 2-1 on decision- 

RESULTft LtadmiaM! J Swatman and P 

M Atoandm drew . 

Davis bt J LSeymond: HidaJewegrtfP 

Stuart btFFoumiflr 




Gala’s Image to atone 
for Worcester lapse 

Gala's Image, not too far 
short of top class over hurdles, 
can open his account over 
fences in the Wood borough 
Novices' Chase at Notting- 
ham this afternoon. 

Despite looking in need of 
the run, Mercy Rimell’s six- 
year-old was made an odds-on 
chance to beat 16 rivals over 
2 l h miles on his chasing debut 
at Worcester 12 days ago. 

However, the initial im- 
pression of his condition 
proved accurate as be tired 
before the third last, made a 
mistake at that fence and fell 
at the next. 

His jumping prior to that 
stage suggested that reports of 
excellent home schools were 
well founded and those lapses 
at Worcester can be put down 
purely to fatigue in what was 
particularly testing going. 

Gala's Image is sure to strip 
much fitter today and another 
factor in his favour is the 
distance of two miles. It is 
worth noting that all his 
hurdling victories were gained 
over the minimum trip de- 
spite several attempts at I'h 
miles and beyond. 

Dan The Millar and 
Chipped Metal both have 
winning form over fences but 
are penalized 101b as a result. 
As they were rated in the 
region of two stone behind my 
nap over hurdles, they face a 
formidable task. 

By Mandarin 

After winning at Chepstow, 
Chipped Metal's limitations 
were exposed in the Hunt 
Paris Novices’ Chase at Ascot 

held in high regard at 

Other interesting former 
Flat horses here include Pos- 

wbere he was already out of itive, High Plains, Vickstown, 
contention when unseating Creeager and Laminate. The 

Seamus O'Neill at the ninth. 

Dan The Millar has always 
looked a chaser in the making 
and won well at Market Rasen 
nine days ago. Nonetheless, I 
cannot envisage him success- 
fully conceding weight to a 

first-named trio will all be 
having their first runs over 

Peter Easterby, Mick's 
brother, sends Just Alick in 
search of a treble in the 
Bui well Handicap Chase but 

horse with the proven pace of his 71b penalty may tilt the 

Gala's Image. 

Another interesting partici- 
pant in what should prove a 
most informative contest is 
Paul Pry, a half-brother to the 
talented Simon Legree. 

Jim Joel’s six-year-old was 
far from disgraced when 
fourth behind fitter horses on 
his introduction ax Newbury 
last month and has immense 
scope. He may need another 
run or two, though, before he 
realises that potential. 

Mick Easterby, who trains 
Mick's Star, has more realistic 
prospects with Really Honest 
in the first division of the 
Ruddington Novices’ Hurdle. 

A useful miler on the Flat 
when trained by Ben Hanbury 
and Willie Jarvis, Really Hon- 
est shaped most promisingly 
on his hurdling debut at 
Wetherby six days ago when 
fifth in a field of 25 behind 
The Demon Barber, who is 

scales in favour of Jenny 
Pitman's Loduun. Easterby, 
however, could well collect the 
WoIIaton Handicap Chase 
with The Last Prince, who is 
well weighted on last season's 

At Newcastle, f shall be 
particularly interested to see 
how Pyjamas runs in the 
Snipe Novices' Hurdle. This 
halRjrother to six National 
Hunt winners was heavily 
supported on his reappearance 
at Hexham last month but ran 
very green and considerable 
improvement is anticipated 

My principal fancy at New- 
castle, though, is Andrea's 
Pride (1.15), who finished a 
commendable third behind 
Arrow Express and Mareth 
Line in a good juvenile hurdle 
at Haydock on his latest 
outing and is now dropped to 
selling company. 

'*•. , . - 
1 * - : • v 

• V V •••*••!• 

;r- VV «.-• 

! - * > 

:• >.;•***. ' 

‘ -Xv;. 

• X' 

Prodigious leap: Midnight Count on his way to an impressive victory in the Henry vm Novices' Chase at Sandown Park 

Wayward Lad’s excuse 

Wayward Lad is still on 
course for an attempt to bind Ids 
fourth King George VI Chase at 
Kempton Park on Boxing Day, 
despite trailing In a disappoint- 
ing last of three behind 
Cyfemrfan in the Rehearsal 
Chase at Chepstow on Saturday 
(Dick Hinder writes). 

Monica D ickins on said at 
Harewood yesterday. “Way- 
ward Lad was off for 14 days 
with as infected pastern after his 
Wetherby race against Forgfve'n 
Forget and he needed the 
Chepstow run. He's got a bit 
stuffy in his old age, so he wit] 
want another ran sometime be- 
fore Kempton." 

The meeting was abandoned 

after four races, because of fog, 
bat at least it allowed Gordon 
Richards, the Penrith trains', to 
gain his first come success after 
22 years of trying. 

Randolph Place broke the 
hoodoo with a convincing victory 
in the Corinthian Supreme NH 
Flat Race and Richards fore- 
casts a bright future for this five- 
year-old, related to Arkle on bis 
dam's side, who wffl reappear in 
a nonce event in two weeks' 

At Newcastle, Jimmy Fitz- 
gerald was in excellent form, 
saddling a treble with Joint 
Sovereignty, Meikleonr and 
Tawny Spirit- 

Corporal Clinger 
returns to active 
service for Bula 

By Dick Hinder 

Martin Pipe’s Corporal agreed, too, m a kin g the family 



By Mandarin 

1 2.30 Really HonesL I 2.00 The Last Prince. 

1.00 Lochrun. I 2.30 GALA’S IMAGE (nap). 

1.30 Taylors Renovation. | 3.00 Tartan Tailor. 

By Michael Seely 

2.30 Dan The Millar. 3.00 Tartan Tailor. 

The Times Private Handi capper’s top rating: 3.00 TARTAN TAILOR. 

Guide to our in-line racecard 

103 (12) 0-0432 TIMESFORM (CDJ3F) (Mm J Rytejr) B Hal 9-10-0 B Wait (4) 

Racecard number. Draw in brackets. Six-figure and (fistance winner. SF-beaten favourite I 
form (F-fefl. P-puted up. U-msaated rider. B- race). Owner in brackets. Trainer. A 
brought down. S-sSpped up. R-rafusod). Hone's weight. Rider plus any saowenca. The 
name (Blinkers. V-vwor H-hood. E-EyesMefel C- Private Handcapper's raring. Approximate 
course winner. D-dWance winner. CD-course price. 

Going: good 

1Z30 RUDDINGTON NOVICE HURDLE (Div I: £1 ,079: 2m) (22 runners) 

3 240-00 ARTESRIM (Mrs E Courage) M WMnson 4-10-7 G McCourt 88 — 

5 BUSTED HJIVOUR (Mrs J Ratdtfta) W Haggas 5-10-7 G Bradley — — 

1 0 COPPER KING (U Sanger) D ttichotson 5-10-7 W Humphreys (7) — 14-1 

B 00 CREEAGER (J Berry) W Wharton 4-10-7 M Bremen — 12-1 

10 00- FIR'S FRIEND (0 Wiseman) I Campbell 4-10-7 RCampbel 

12 HEY NONME WO U Bernstein) Mrs J Pitman 4-10-7 BdaHaan — 10-1 

13 HIGH PLAMS(H Mould) D Nicholson 4-10-7 ROunwoody — S-1 

14 4 LUMINATE (J Rowtas) J Leigh 5-10-7 P Blackburn 08 6-1 

16 0 MR REX (R Johnson) Mrs J Pitman 4-10-7 — — 14-1 

17 30 NO CHEDIBa-ITV (M Stewart) 8 Rtctvnond 4-10-7 — 95 — 

IB PiCAOiLLV LORO (P Mactwel) G Huffer 5-10-7 JMcLxngtaBn 

21 POSITIVE (Mrs K Bailey} K Bailey 4-10-7 Mr T Thomson Jams — F3-1 

23 0 REALLY HONEST (E St George) MW Easterby 5-10-7 LWyar GOB 4-1 

34 P30/P28 HOVAL CRACKER (Haitow Bros) T BN S-lO-7 — R Crash 90 6-1 

26 P-P0 SIBERIAN DANCER (J Abate P Foigato 6-10-7 SJOtatsen — — 

27 0032-00 SILVER PROSPECT (B) (Mrs K Darby) R Hollnshead 5-10-7 P Dover 93 12-1 

29 VICKSTOWN (Home 6 Trade Ud]B Morgan 4-10-7 QWBhs — 10-1 

32 4033-PP DREAM ONCE MORE (M Taylor) T Kersey 5-1 0-2 Susan Kersey (7) 

33 FREE CREDIT (T Brown) T Brown 5-10-2 R Chapman (4) — - — - 

34 PU- HEROIC SONG (A Fblwr) A Fisher 4-162 D Roller — — 

35 P/0U0- KAYE-WOOD (Mrs MMarston) Mrs M Thomas 6-102 RJBeggan 

37 0-P0 PERSIAN PRINCESS (Mrs J Demafl) Mrs A Hewitt 9- KM IWWlismi 

1965: KOUROS 6-10-7 M Brennan (S-1) O Breman 22 ran 

COPPER KING (10-1 1) taHng to make 
the death wnen 1 a 5th to The Demon E 
be a lot better for the experience. BOY 

nijla wed|^ neck 2nd»Dad'sGamble(t1-7) at Katao pm, £685, good. Mar 19. 17ran). SILVER PROS- 
gpCThas hl> *P“ la ? ““ 0f1 '***' «**« nlM1>a short h«idaidtoHoitaka{l9 

81 al UttocBler (2m. £56*. good to Bmv Oct 24, 6 ran). 


1 JO BULWELL HANDICAP CHASE (£1 ,623: 2m) (4 runners) 

2 1321-23 LOCHRUN (D) (Smith Mansfield Meet Co) Mrs J Pitmen 7-11-fl P Scudamore an 7-4 

4 10-0211 JUST A UCK (D) (S Chfldsl M H Easterby 7-1 1-5 (7«x) LWyar S3 FS4 

7 000302 re ion ANTHONY (D) (R Hickman) R Hickman 8-10-12 J Bryan 88 4-1 

B 4F3014- POMHARDY (D) (Mrs J Chadwick) Mis J Chadwick 7-10-0 MBroley 90 8-1 

1985: MOUNTAIN HAYS 1911-2 A Brown (3-1) MHEastmty 5 ran 

FORM LOCHRUN (11 -2) lafled to qiicken from the 2nd last when 3*1 3rd to Welsh Oak (10-11) at Ascot 
runm (2m. good); previously (11-2) a head Shid to Uttla Bay (197) with JUST AUCK (10-9) a talod oft 
last ol 7 at Uttoxetor (2m. £2448. good to firm. Oct 23, 7 ran). On latest start JUST AUCK (1 1-9) afl out to boat 
Afcta (11-6) a neck at Southwefl (2rn. 21801, hard, Nov 24. 6 ran). PETER ANTHONY (10-4) had little chance 
wth winner when 121 2nd to Hope End (10-0) at Hereford (2m. £2402. good to soft. Nov. 11, 6 ran). 
POMMA8DY (11-6) successfU on penultimate start last season when beating Crisp and Keen fUWO 1« at 
Stratford (2m Nov H eap Ch, £1024, good to Arm, May 9, 9 ran). 

Selection: LOCHRUN 


2 OOOO-OU COCKALORUM (T Wakfrom) K Morgan 4-11-9 N Feam — 8-1 

3 0- GINA'S MATCH (M Lawrenson) C Spares 4-1 1-9 N Canon — 3-1 

5 OOQ-UOU TAYLORS RENOVATION (DBF) (J Ross) H Whiting 4-1 1-9 S Eerie *991=2-1 

6 0 FOREVER YOUNG (V) (B Thomson) G Oidroyd 3-10-7 R Fahey — 8-1 

7 MARSHAL BUWE (M Worth Wg to n) D Bischefl 3-10-7 D J BorchcS — 12-1 

9 0 CLAP YOUR HAMS (Mrs M Shayter) P Bevan 3-102 L Harvey -16-1 

10 FANDANGO KISS (T Kersey) T Kosey 3-10-2 Suhr Kersey — 14-1 

11 00 OUR MUMSIE (W Wilson) N Bycrutt 3-10-2 I Mafor — 8-1 

1985: TROJAN GOD 3-1 0-7 C Cox (2-1 tav) P Mfcfwt 8 ran 

FORM COCKALORUM no-10) ran Ws best race on debut last season, beaten 361 by Koffl (10-10) at 
' y Worcester (2m. ES51. soft. Dec 4, 21 ran). TAYLORS RENOVATION won twin last season in- 

ft din 9 ^wSS£ASSZSRS‘jK£^ vllb Gatea ”I 1 °- 1 °l mi Doncaster seller (2m I50y. El 591 . good, Dec 14. 
, 1 7o r ?T'J^ 0 £££ H *°r**° n WJ5 lumped s*uHch4y at Market Rasen on debut finohbig 9th to Rbo Melody 
JIM) (2m. 0359. KMd. Aug 16. 13 ranj. CLAP YOUR HANDS (10-7) may improve on a modest 501 Gth ol 16 to 
Wndbound Las tjT-S) at Wolverhampton (2m, 2922. firm, Nov 10). 


>- 'V-; • ; • v 
•• ' • S-Z&'-'-Ay . ■*' ' 



By Mandarin 

12.45 Royal Jet. 

1.15 Andrea's Pride. 
1.45 Rubadark. 

2.15 Dan D'Or. 
2.45 Pyjamas. 

3.15 Tawny Spirit. 

Michael Seely's selection: 1.4S SIP OF ORANGE (nap). 

Going: good to firm 

12.45 CAMERON HALL DEVELOPMENT HANDICAP CHASE (£2,012: 2m 41) (7 runners) 

J Hamm 96 — 

C Kswktns — — 

TG Dun 94 — 

M Ha mmond SS — 

Mr M Thompson (4) — — 

B Storey 

J A Harris 96 F7-4 

R Money (7) — 10-1 

PA Parrotl (4) 

S Timor (7) 87 8-1 

1 F11FT1- RcPlNGT0N(D|(J Genian) N Crump 8-1 M3 C Hawkins 89 4-1 

2 P131 « PRIMROSE WOOD (CD) (Mrs I Dewturst) G Richards 8-1 1-11 JR Quinn (7) 87 F5-2 

5 1BPP-23 ROYAL JET (C) (G Fxktnim) G Fairtom 910-10 . B Storey 88 10-1 

6 FU011/P- SHWEY SON (Mrs A Bream) W A Stephenson 8-10-3 KJonoa — 3-1 

7 22-232U IVACOP (B4>) (Lord MacAndraw] Denys Smith 7-10-2. C Giant 92 8-1 

9 120P-43 LIVERPOOL RAMBLER (T Summerfield) K Oliver 7-10-0 J KKinwie *99 8-1 

■o F1-PPP KING OF TYRE (W Sellers) J Partes 9-104) JJQakm — 14-1 

1985: THE DIVIDER 7-12-1 TG Dun (4-1) Mrs TCBlder 7 ran 
1.15 CONDER NORTHERN SELLING HURDLE (£814: 2m 120yd) (14 runners) 

1 130-P ARCVHJLE FRED (F Vbw) J Berry 4-11-12 J Homan 96 — 

2 0 ARMTT AGE I J Simpson) D Yeoman 4-11-5 C KawMns — — 

3 001 000 RMA S CRE EK (B) (T Rtetue) J S Wteon 4-11-5 TG Dun 94 — 

7 60G0F4- GRUNDTS PET (J Can) G Moore 4-1 1-5 M Hammond 8S — 

8 0000-00 LUNA R ROMA NCE (M Thompson) V Thompson 4-11-0 Nr M Thompson (4) 

10 OOP RED DESIREE (J Burflnson) R Gray 4-11-0 B Storey 

11 03 ANDREA'S PflDElJ Carson) A SlMth 3-1 (M> J A Harris 66 F7-4 

12 CLASS HOPPER (F Tan) C Bssy 3-10-8 R Money (7) — 10-1 

13 P COLONEL HALL (B) (J Cowan) D Yeoman 3-10-5 P A Parrott (4) 

17 0034 U PPER SM ITH (WSnmh)WJSmMi3-1»S - STmnar(7) 87 8-1 

18 0121 PATRICK’S STAR (B) (Jfrnmy Fitzgerald) Jimmy Fitzgerald 3-10-5 M Dwyer G99 3-1 

19 2223 FANNY ROBM (D Smith) Denys Snath 3-10-0 C Giant 81 4-1 

20 02143 G1LSAN GREY (G Penanch) J KeMowal 3-10-0 8 KentaweB 81 6-1 

21 P OUR NOORA (W So 4 o rs) J Rariiaa 3-108 RBeHoor — — 

1986: BLYTHE KNIGHT 4-11-0 M Pbodw (5-1) E Carter 19 ran 

HURDLE (£1.207: 2m 4f) (17 runners) 

x ®^^“Hi^^ RHs ^ ,J '^ rrtl S air * kl *‘i1' s M Dwyer 98 FS-S 

4 *0000H) ALLE2 (M Rust) N CftambBrUn 4-10-12 CDaonia(7) 86 - — 

' , ul nn . u . «^a^!LADT(WU)»xxxmlBWiaUiison 5-10-12 Hr 4 Osborne (7) 

B 3000)00 COBBYCASTLE (J Rafoe) J Johnson 5-10-12 0Landso(4) 

9 “AROSA (P Udcfle) P LlCfcSe 4-10-12 JRQnbaifT) 

^^^^. t ^ JWaM ^ NWa ® oo5 - , °- 12 Mtee T WOggoB (7) 

11 00000-0 GOU) PflORTfW Young) WVomg 6-10-12 DHotan — — 

13 303003 K ATT QU ICK (F Bartpwi M Naughton 5-10-12. M Hanaaond «99 6-1 

14 0400-40 KERSTEilA (Lord Codogan)N Crump 5 - 10-12 - CHawMn 94 8-1 

15 0 MADE FDR UFE (R Burridge) Mrs G Roveloy 4-10-12 P HNm (4) — — 

17 MISS PAGEANT (W WyBe) J Chariton 4-10-12 HEamabaw 

19 00- PAUPER M OON(j R otaon) W Read 6-10-12 Mr T Rood 

20 POLITICAL PROSPECT (JGoodMw) Mrs JGoodMow 4-10-12 B Storey — — 

22 6 MGTON ANGLE (JRosoJC Bel 5-HM2 C UawaHyn (7) 

23 RUBADARK (M Mttetid) Mrs G Raveiey 5-10-12 TOM 12-1 

24 tyOOPO-O TYNESIDE (D Lamb) D Lamb 6-10-12 KJoaas 

25 WARCHANTfE WBktoSOnJR WNsalipr 4-10-12 — — 3-1 

and (fistance winner. SF-baaten favourite to latest 
race). Owner in brackets. Trainer. Age and 
weigttL Rider plus any Sdowance. The Tones 
Private HancScapper's raring. Approximate starting 

2 JD WOLLATON HANDICAP CHASE (£693: 3m) (4 runners) 

1 24P/D12- GAMBfft (D) (Laid Vestoy) D Ndnbon 8-11-10 R Dunwoody • 99 F2-1 

3 0/0194-2 BARRYSVNXE (CD) (A Baird Tennis Cowtt UOQ P Bwgoyne 10-11-5. GMeCoaft 90 3-1 

4 U2-3112 PRINCE CARLTON (D) (Mra J Btoom) Mrs JBtoom 11-11-4 MnCBkxM 93 S-2 

5 221204* THE LAST PRBKE (CD) (SnaMna Stud Co Lid) MH Easterby 9-1 1-2 — LWyar 83 92 

1985c GOLDS! FRIEND 7-12-0 G McCourt (7-4) Mra M Rimel 4 ran 

FORM BARRYSVBXE(ll-dJstayedonatonopac8tobe712ndtohtoiint06vernO-8)hare(3m,emoA 
rwnm last saason (10-9) beat GAM8m (1 1-12) easy 251 at Hereford (3m If. £2825. good to soft. Dec 3. 
6 ran). Previously GAMBM (10-12) not extended to beat Pny The Knave pO-2) 12L at Worcester (3m, El 729, 
good. NOV -85. 14 ran). PRINCE CARLTON 111-7) 1K1 2nd to Geeta An lltoca (10-3) nt Wtodaor (3m. 22587, 
good. Nov 8, 11 ran). THE LAST PRINCE (10-6) pulled up on reappearance behind Fudge Deigtit (10-9) at 
Worcester (3m. good): last successful (10-0) when beating Skewer (10-7) 2L at MaricMRason (3m. £2^4, 
soft Mar 7. 8 ran). 

Selector. BARHYSV81E 

2L30 WOOD BO ROUGH NOVICE CHASE (£1 ^44: 2m) (14 runners) 

1 3412-1 U CMPPED IIETAL (D) (Sir J Barlow) R Pranas 7-11-10 SJOWan #99 5-1 

2 10014-1 DAN THE MLLAR (D) (Mrs M Haggas) Mis M Diddnson 7-11-10 GBmfley 90F6-4 

4 1HU040 AS30D(B) (Mra J Chadwick) Mrs JChadwkdc 7-11-0 H Bcwiey (4) 

9 023P2-F GALA'S BMGE (BF) (SheHi A Abu Khamain) Mra M Himefl 6-11-0 . S Morehaod as 7-4 

ftn(Jfa»c a(iq-3) nt W 

iterance behind Fud 
(10-7) 2L at Msket 

11 P04MP8 GRIPPING LAD (M Bloom) Mra J Btoom 7-11-0 

14 2/02119- IHCK-S STAH (Lord Helper) MW Easterby 8-1 1-0 

15 00400- PANTECHNICON (R Watey-Cohen) N Henderson 6-11-0 

16 Q/4 PAUL PRY (H Joel) A TumeO 6-11-0 

20 OOPO-P4 SUOBROOKE PARK (C Hague) B Richmond 8-1 1-0 

21 4000-21 TEN M HAND (J Ciactanawski) M HlncMffe 6-11-0 

22 0F02-F2 VALQITINOS JOY (G Oidroyd) G Oidroyd 7-11-0 

24 OOOFPO- POREVB) SWGMG (D MHcnel) D Mchoison 5-10-12 

29 P004 ROVING GLEN (Mrs L Orestier) R Armytsge 5-10-12 

30 0004/P2 BRIGHT BB* (R Bethafl) P Bfoddsy 7-10-9 

Wxa CBtoom 78 — 

P Tuck — 10-1 

S Smith Ecdes — 12-1 

Store Knlghl 88 8-1 

GMcComt 89 — 

Wee S Lawrence (7) — 12-1 

M Popper 88 — 


B Pored — 18-1 

N Feam (7) 93 16-1 

1985: AMBER RAMBLER 6-10-10 S Youklen (5-2 lav) H Wharton 14 ran 

soft. Nov 1, 10 ran). DAN TIE ABLLAR (10-91 aoored on cfMStog debut __ 

M artist Rasen (2m. £4480, good to soft, Nov ZL 8 ran). GALA'S H4AGE (1 0-12) eppevedbeaten when'laiarig 2 
out behind Oevmer (10-12) at Wbrcesttrfcn 4t. £3410. soft. Nov 19. 17 ran). GRIPPING LAD (11-2) SKI 3rd to 
Ling fll-2) last successhi when beating Isaac Newton (11 -5) a hard foughtMl at Cheltenh am (3m H'capH, 
£X«3, heavy. Jai 2, 14 ran). PAUL PRv (11-8) no extra from last when 1*541 4th to Buckfast Abbey (11^ at 
Nawtxay C2m,E3108. good. N« 12. 8 rani TEN M HAND (10011 beet Super &*ss (lO-TT) 1 M at Nowtxxy Qm 
It opp H’cap H. 22212, good to soft. Nov 12, 10 ran). VALSMTINO'SJOY (11-2) could riot quicken when 2M 
2ndto^&ri ^0 Vl-^ to^Sedgetod (2m. £893, good. Nov 18. 8 ran). 

3.0 RUDDINGTON NOVICE HURDLE (Div II: £1,068: 2m) (22 runners) 

1 323-112 TARTAN.TMLOR (0) (Ednbugft Woolen MB Ud)G Mchards 5-11-6 

3 ARCTIC CAVAUER (Segray Prop Lid) Mrs J Ptonar 4-10-7 BdoHaon 

4 04/D0P- ARROWOODAMCTKNi(R Lambert) A Nf^ttogale 6-10-7 BC — 8 

7 40030-B DALLAS SMTIH (S EJmar) M Chapman 5-10-7 8 Michel (7) 

8 P EXPANSIVE GESTURE (Mrs J O'Neal) Mrs I McNe SID-7 SMorahaa* 

9 340/04- FBTE BAY (F Morrad) W Musson 5-10-7„ CSmUi 

11 FLEURCOtC (R Wy™i) K WM» 4-10-7 P Warner 

13 OFOQ/O GODLORD (Kfiss S Metar) T Tayfor 6- (0-7 W Morris 

14 P IRON GEIERAL(M Sktoner) MSWrmar 5-10-7 PDoobie 

15 OD JUST SUOKEY (A Cartwright) W Monte 4-10-7 RHywtt 

17 0/344)0 HALBC(E Davies) Mra B Waring 6-10-7 J Robson (7) 

18 OH SO STANLEY (Mrs S Lee) G F Lea 5-10-7 DSkynm(7) 

19 PRINCE GEORGETOWN (R Hartop) R Hanop 4-10-7 : RCrank 

21 0- RUMMG ARROW (Md&nd Racing Ud) N Hendaraon 4-107 —SSoritt Ecdes 

PTuck G99F5-4 

STEVEJAN (B Morgan) B Morgan 4-10-7 C Prince (7) — 

0 TUDOR JUSTICE (G Janes) A Brtabowne 4-10-7 MBrieboume 

WAVE CREST (M Bonks) M Banks 4-10-7 !_ — 

R WHY TUHnLE(B)(D Lowe) R HoBnahood 4-10-7 PDavar 

CAOIMHE (Mra C Smitti) D Nichotean 4-10-2 R Dunwoody — 10-1 

0009- CELTIC MARY (A GctfrichJJ Spearing 6-10-2 — -14-1 

RESTANDBETHANKFUL (Mra S Lamyman) Mrs S Lamyrnen 4-102 P Corrigan — — 

Vf-PARDAL (J Smith) Mrs M Thomas 7-10-2 RJ Beggar 

1985: YANK BROWN 5-10-13 G Bradley (2-5 fav) Mrs M DtcMnoon IB ran 

Ginger, fully recovered from a 
crashing fall at the fifth flight in 
last season’s Champion Hxtxdle, 
is back on parade again for the 
Bula Hurdle at Cheltenham next 
Saturday when he will be op- 
posed by David Bswortb's 
front-runner, Floyd, promoted 
to . officer material after his 
gallant handicap victory at 

Pipe win also be testing the 
Cheltenham waters in the Tri- 
umph Hurdle Trial with his 
prolific juvenile scorer. 
Melendez, seeking his eighth 
consecutive victory after an 
emphatic all -the- way success in 
Haydock's 2'A-mile Northern 
Junior Hurdle. 

The Wellington trainer, so 
astute at recruiting and develop- 
ing young hurdlers, plans to give 
his runaway Leicester scorer. 
High Knowf a second outing in 
a novice hurdle at Haydock on 
December II. 

Another Champion Hurdle 
hope. Aonoch, illuminated a 
murky afternoon at Sandown 
Park on Saturday with a breath- 
taking run. reminiscent of Bula, 
when defying 12 stone in the 
Mecca Bookmakers' Handicap 

Backers of Simon Christian's 
Chrysaor were counting their 
money after the eight-year-old 
had established what looked an 
unassailable lead on the run-in. 
But Aonoch, passing six rivals 
from the final flight, produced 
such a sustained burst of speed 
that the 16-1 chance had three 
lengths to spare at the post 

Baliydurrow, another to ar- 
rive late on the scene after Juven 
Light and Hypnosis had set a 
furious gallop, deprived 
Chrysaor of second [dace, with 
Yabxs fourth. 

It was a remarkable triumph 
for the Oliver family of 
Droitwich. Aonoch is trained by 
Sally Oliver, ridden by her 22- 
year-okl step-daughter, Jacqui, 
and part-owned by her husband, 

The jubilant rider, whose 
victory was the most valuable 
by a wo m a n over hurdles, said: 
“This is only my third winner as 

a conditional jockey and I’ve 
never ridden at Sandown until 
today. Td never ridden in a big 
race before either. 

**I walked the course before- 
hand with my parents and they 
told me td let Aonoch go his 
own pace towards the rear and 
I uot to panic. He was super,'' she 
said and the bookmakers 


give their 
a lesson 

By Pal Batcher 

^ Athletics Correspondent 

Nothing succeeds like success, 
and the extent to which British 
athletics victories on the world s 
tracks continue to capture the 
popular imagination may be 
judged by the 2,000 local girls 
andboys who contested their 
cross-country races at Gates- 
head on Saturday on either side 
of the senior events, highlighted 
by the victories of Tim 
Hutchings and Liz Lynch in the 

McVitie’s International. 

The all-ages, both sexes pro- 
gramme of even ts is a relati vely 
recent innovation in Britain 
though a feature of European 
cross-country for decades. It is 
now time for Britain s officials 
ces’ Chase at Sandown Park to co-opt more Continental 

idff ps into domestic cross-coun- 
I . • - try in a serious attempt to help 

a linrrar the stars win back world 
[ v> 1 1 llfcV'i championship glory. 

The demand Irani the Inter- 
a * ^ national Amateur Athletic 

<)/> MVP Federation that from 1988 a 
,Vr MV 1 T V' combined United Kingdom 
team be fielded in the world 

* j l^lre. championships is just the im- 

I ■ I %% petus British offiaals need. 

v/A MJF i il G l In preliminary talks with their 

athletes in Gateshead on Friday 
Hind er night, England officials admit- 

inn makina the familv ted the need for some sort of 
^a^l^ScTfor the squad systerm But aUfomteam 
Champion Hurdle. managers complained at the 

Oti^Treponed that financial temptation re over- 
Aonoch has a tendency to get rat* coming every week from 
grit under the soles of his feet the Continent. 


and came back from Ascot last 
time sore in the near-fore. She 
said:*' There's always a genuine 
reason when he runs badly. He'D 
probably go for a repeat win in 
the Christmas Hurdle at 
Kempton, then it wifl be all 
systems go for Cheltenham.” 

Watching the post-race 
celebrations was Bula's former 
jockey, Paul Kelleway, ybose 
jaw was cocked at a jaunty angle 
after his talented hurdling re- 
cruit, Sprowston Boy, had 
spreadeagled his rivals, despite 
screwing the last, in the Mecca 1 
Bookmakers* Three- Year-Okl i 

“ I always knew he would 
make a jumper. He's a machine, 
small but with plenty of speed. 
Til save him for the Stroud 
Green Hurdle at Newbury in 
February then have a crack at 
the Triumph,” the Newmarket 
trainer said. 

One of the biggest cheers of 
the afternoon was reserved for a 
still sprightly Tingle Creek, in 
whose honour the two-mile 
handicap chase was named. The i 
20-y ear-old paraded before the 
packed stands and, given the 
slightest encouragement, would 
have had a crack at the Railway 

The actual race did him 
credit, too. Toby Balding's 
course specialist, Par Bridge, 
who had made all, un- 
characteristically, toppled over 
at the-last fence, leaving Beilin 
to hold the persistent challenge 
of Music Be Magic by a fast- 

diminishing bead. 

Another sprightly veteran, 
Jim Joel, aged 92, was in the 
winner's enclosure to greet his 
exciting prospect. Midnight 
Count, who put Ten Of Spades 
firmly in his place in the Henry 
VIII Novices' Chase. No won- 
der Josh Gifford has such a high 
regard for this imposing six- 
year-old. His best trip has still to. 
be established but we-shall be 
seeing more of this potential star 
in three or four weeks’ time. 

' Watch out,' too, for Jenny 
Pitman's' Red Rodqr, who 
quickened impressively to 
readily land the Doug Barron 
Handicap Hurdle by eight 
lengths. Off his present low 
handicap marie, the Lam bourn 
six-year-old must surely coDect 
more prizes. 

There is a simple answer for 
the commercially-minded Brit- 
ish Athletics Promotion Unit. 
To the existing international 
races in England (Gateshead), 
Northern Ireland (Belfast, Janu- 
ary 3) and Wales (Cardiff; 
December 20) add a fourth race 
in Scotland to form a super 
league for the domestic elite, 
with foreign guests. It could 
work in tandem with a squad 
system, thus ensuring rewards at 
home for the athletes. 

On Saturday's evidence, 
Hutchings could be as prom- 
inent a performer under what- 
ever new system as be was under 
the okL His third victory at 
Gateshead in four years suggests 
be could have his best season 
since finishing second in the 
world championships in New 
York in 1984. What is more, be 
did it on a course, which, at 6.9 
kilometres had been trunkated 
for television and, dare we 
suggest it, for the local hero, 
Steve Cram. 

In the event it was another 
international miler. Jos£-Luis 
Gonzalez, who pushed 
Hutchings to victory. For, just 
as Cram was making his own 
push into thud place with a mile 
to run, he feh a pull in his left 
calf muscle, which will necessi- 
tate three to four days rest and 
he eased off to finish seventh. 

■Miss Lynch's victory in the 
women's race was even . more 
impressive: The Common- 
wealth 10,000: metres champion, 
who stayed at home in Dundee 
rather than return to university 
in America, broke fellow Scot, 
Yvonne Murray, at the half-way 
point and won by half a minute. 
Into ma l iona l team race:), T Hutchtogs 
(Eng A) 20mm I3sac; 2. J-L Gonzales 
jtotecnafiana] Select) 2020: 3. J Rfoharts 

Barrow Line impresses 

Course specialists 


Whnere Rumere Percent _ ^ Winners Rides Percent 

Mrs M Diclanson 8 14 57.1 S Smitti Ecdes 13 & 25.0 

N Heratereon 10 43 232 C Smith 7 38 17J9 

D Nicholson 12 62 19.4 P Scudamore 17 101 1R8 

Mrs M Rime! 11 60 18a PTuck 8 55 14.5 

M H Easterby 6 41 14.6 G McCourt 8 7B UL3 

Mrs J Pitman 7 57 123 M Brennan 5 63 73 

2.15 JACK BRITTON NOVICE CHASE (£2,025: 3m) (11 runners) 

2 0 000-10 ROYAL REPLY (D) (W Reed) W Reed 6-12-0 TG Dun 9110-1 

3 00F2FP- CAMROCfW Stephenson) W A Stephenson 51 1-8 K Jonas 93 — 

4 OOF-PO CHORAL SURPRISE (M Thompson) V Thompson 6-11-8 M 1 M Thompson M — — 

5 OI/PPO-3 DAN DVR (Mrs E Robson) E Rotson 8-11-8 Mr T Rood • 99 4-1 

6 020-40F EMO FOREVER (V) (A McCtaSkoy) M H Easterby 8-1^ 1-8 D Dutton — 3-1 

7 FO FOREST GOLD (M Mackenzie) N Crump 8-11-8 CHmridns — 12-1 

9 040-000 MARACAS BAY (Mra J Waggon) N Waggon 7-11-8 — Mhm T Waggon (7) 77 — 

12 P32/PF3 PERMABOS (B) (M Walter) K Stone 7-11-8 A Stringer — 8-1 

13 02-3 WEST LMC(W Stephenson) W A Stephenson 6-T1-8 Mr P Jetaaon (7) 87 6-1 

17 0498 LAID BACK (R Wheeler) G Moore 5-11-7 M Hammond 

19 303P-42 GMBiWOOD{G Meson) Mra CCtarfc 8-11-3. R Ea nuti o * 95F9-4 

1985: KSS RUBBISH 7-11-3T G Dun (11-1) J Brocktoik 13 ran 

2.45 SNIPE AMATEUR RIDERS NOVICE HURDLE (£1,018: 2m 120yd) (17 runners) 

1 21 ST GABna.(r Tate) T TaM 5-11-7 — TT«t* 89 91 

2 00-2210 STRICTLY BUSINESS (Ctan&ma Lid) RWWtahor 4-11-7 S Whitaker (7) 8912-1 

4 OF BANTEL BUCCANEER (B Braxton) Miss M Befl 4-118 TBoatt B — 

7 GWGER BEER (A McPherson) P Monnltti 4-118 A McPherson (7) — — 

9 P/ GO SPECTRUM (J HNdana) J Hefoar* 6-11-0 A Orkney (7) 

10 JELUQUE M WBes) A Smith 4-118 — — J Wiles (7) — — 

11 0440/2 MALADMJ (Mrs A Robson) Jimmy Fitzgerald 7-118 Andrew Jobaon p) S4F54 

12 NEARLY A WALK (J Hwxte rao n) B VTOdnson 4-118 JOat»na(7) — — 

13 00002-4 NIGHT WARRIOR (J Mason) A Robson 4-118 Alan Hobson (7) N 99 8-1 

15 300Q/23 POL YNOfl (D Thompson) M flyan 5-118 J Ryan (7) 67 91 

18 0-4 PYJAMAS (Mrs D Whitaker) G Retards 9118 P Doyle (7) 80 91 

17 0483 SERGiADES(V Thompson) V Thompson 91 18 Mr M Tbompeon (4) 91 — 

18 098 STAY ON TRACKS (PHIaOW A Stephenson 4-118 P Johnson (7) 

19 0/93 SURPASS IRTatteR Tata 91 18 F Tate (7) 93 — 

20 0U000/9 VIDEO BOOM (V Thompson) V Thompson 9118 J Walton 

21 0 WALTER THE GREAT (Mrs B Brood) Mm B Broad 4-1 18 — 

24 09 TRKKALA STAR (Mrs H Noonan) B CanMdge 4-108 Mrs H Nooowi (7) 

1986: BUUjOH 91910 M Thompson (91) Denys Smitti 15 ran ! 

Barrow Line, the younger 
■brother to Bobsline, made a 
most impressive start to his 
ch a sin g career by winning the 
Bishopsconrt Chase at Naas on 
Saturday (Our Irish Racing 
Correspondent writes). 

AD through the race he 
jumped with pleasing economy 
and Frank Berry seat turn into 
the lead at the third-last fence. 

stayer. Pat Hughes may ran him 
again at Fairyhonse next Sat- 
urday bat his prime target will 
be tire three-mile Son Alliance 
Chase at Cheltenham in March. 

There can be few ladkier 
English owners racing in Ireland 
than Deborah Thread well whose 
handftd of fanners has yielded 
snch stars as Galmoy overjumps 
and Toca Madera oa the Flat. It 

In at least one significant was only in keeping with this 
respect he differs from Bobsline strike rate that her latest ao- 
wbo has always been a specialist qmsitfon, Hungary Hur, should 
over two miles. Barrow Line upset tire favourite. Hard Case, 
does not possess the same turn in a photo-finish for tire Boston 
of speed but is a much stronger Handicap Chase. 

Leaders over the jumps 



M Pipe 
J Gifford 
J Jenkins 
D Nicholson 

36.18 9 
32 25 15 
28 IS 6 
24 13 12 
23 26 1? 
22 11 11 
2T 21 14 
19 6 13 

+31.93 P Scudamore 42 33 24 

M H Easterby 18 14 7 
DEtewonh 18 IS 6 

0 -9.28 M Dwyer 

2 -43.39 R Dunwoody 
0 +20.98 PTuck 
10 -76.84 C Grant 
0 +2230 S Sherwood 
2 -72.60 SS Ecdes 
2 +36.70 H Dawns 
0 -7.82 B Powell 

37 18 11 
35 20 27 
29 27 18 
23 31 23 
23 17 13 
21 13 16 
20 20 20 

0 -88.09 

1 +17.31 
1 8-68 

8 -42.01 
6 -79.66 

2 +1.03 

9 -9.31 

3 -41.41 

20 33 24 29 -100.15 
19 9 11 5 -37.26 

Saturday’s results 

• Eleven of Saturday's winners 
were selected by Mandarin (Mi- 
chael PMffips), including the 
first five at Newcastle and his 
nap, Randolph Place, at 


3.15 E B F RUSH S TOMPKINS HANDICAP HURDLE (£1,643: 2m 4f) 0 runners) 

1 201338 SMALL NOBLE (0)(J FtoKher) J Kstomml 911-10 SKotSowo* 90 4-1 

2 211F-20 CALIHA (CD) (Mra J Benson) Mna M Benson 7-118 MrTRood 68 — 

4 30P-111 TAWNY SPIRIT (C) (A M*W) Jtovny FttzgeiWd 7-11-4 (Bex) M Dwywr 9SF4-7 

5 /OFOPF- CRAMMCMOBRK»{W Jackson) MW Easterby 9118 ASfrtooar 

6 0I3POO- BRIGARONA (A Ratogon) Mm G Raveiey 9108 P Mwen (4) 92 — 

7 103430- ROMAN DUSK (CD) (W Lockay] J Chariton 91 0-7 PDatete 97 14-1 

9 120800 FLYING SQUAD (C) (Mm J Goodfeiiow) Mm J Goodfrtow 9191 B Storey 94 — 

IT 000800 HARLEY (Miss J Eaton) Mtea J Eaton 9108 — • 99 B-T 

13 0/22102- BURNDITCH BOY (R Hughes) Mra GRetoey 7-108 Mtes A Boeomont (7) #0 91 

1S85f GREEN GORSE 9108 C Hawkins (4-1) N Crump 9 ran 

Sandown Parte 

18 1, Midnight Count (91k Z Ten CH 
— — Spadra(13-8f5vfc3.BucktmAtabm(19 

1J0 1. Sprowston Boy (911 tat* Z 
Rtemar (7-2); 3. Problem Odd (11-4 8 

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£ « Towcester 

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Dowfoper-s Run (91). 
otatee S-fW. 12 ran. NR Arctic Band. 
1.15 1. Braos Change (94 tavfc 2. 

L45 1. Brown Windsor (25-1t 2, Let 
m tofc 3. Coraesteip-lf ilran. 

Course specialists 

flntemsttofite Select) 2039. Tobok 1, 
England A; 2, Intemationaf Select: 3, 

Metre open: 1. R Nerukar (Bfrmtoy 
Harriers) 20mto 38sec: 2. D Mead 
(Thetford) 2030: & J Harper (Morpeth 
Harriers) 2051. 

Woman: 1 , E Lynch (Soon 1 1 mto 29sac: 2, 

M Donohoa (toa) 123013. J Hunter (Eng) 

• Pat Porter, of the United 
States, won his fifth consecutive 
men's national cross-country 
title at San Francisco on Sat- 
urday, holding off Steve Jones, 
of Britain, over the 1 0,350 metre 
course. Lesley Welsh won back 
the women’s championship 
which she bad first acquired in 

RESULTS: Men (m35kn$ 1, P Porter 
(US) 30mm 36sec 2. S Janes (GB) 30:46; 

3. K Hanson (US) 30:47:4, A Bofeau (Can) 
3035: 5. C Box (US) 3059. Woman 
S.17kmk 1. L Welch (US) 1651: Z S 
Gfrinfcfcberte fl|1 ^ tT-no- q i .fonninm 
(US) 17:17; 4. 

Dornvefar (US) 17^2. 

Britain denied 
world title - 
in close finis h 

Hiroshima (Agencies) — In a 
dramatic finish to the first 
International Amateur Athletic 
Federation men’s road relay 
championship yesterday, held 
over the marathon distance, 
Britain were beaten on the final 
lap of the track. Ethiopia took 
tire title when Abebe Mekonnen. 
individual silver medal winner 
at the world cross-country 
championships last March, 
overhauled Karl Harrison to 
win by three seconds. 

Britain's first leg runner. Car! 
Thackery, broke away from the 
pack after two miles 
■RESULTS: Mon: 1, Ethiopia. Ihr 59mm 
nsec: 2. 8^8111/1:59:14; 3. 
Austral i a/ Zealand combined, m 
2:00:12. Women: 1. New Zealand, T 
2:18:18; 2. USSR, 2:18=33: 3. United 
States. 2:19:11; 4, Britain. 220-31. 


A controversy 
in cruising 

The Allied Lyons Solent Cir- 
cuit series ended yesterday with 
a controversial claim that the 
FoOcboar, the archetypal small 
cruiser of which many thousand 
are in existence, is not really a 
cruiser but a dayboat fa Special 
Correspondent writes). 

Karen □ has won virtually 
every race in the seven race 
series in class eight for the 
smallest boats. But a protest 
lodged by Redeye of Lymington 
claims thatthe Folk boat does 
not fulfil the Royal Ocean 
Club’s^ Channel Handicap 
System's definition of a cruiser 

1J0 1. Paolo pitoeo (92): 2. wwa Boy ran. 

faSB 08 **" 

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N Crutm 

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Croft and Gomer save 
the blushes and 
keep Britain buoyant 

From Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent, Eindhoven 

• ► 

Annabel Croft and Sara 
Gomer have kept Britain in 
the six-strong first division of 
the new European Cup com- 
petition for women. ^ They beat 
Switzerland 2-0 yesterday (the 
doubles was scrapped) in a 
relegation play-off. Miss Croft 
won 4-6, 6*3, 6-1 a gainst 
Lilian Drescber and Miss 
Gomer beat Christane 
JoEssaint 6-1, 1-6, 6-2. 

This was no resounding 
triumph. Two moderate 
matches merely confirmed the 
players’ world rankings. But at 
least Britain stopped an 
embarrassing run of defeats: at 
the hands o? a United States 
reserve team in the Wightman 
Cup and, in this event, against 
what was almost West 
Germany's fourth taam and 
then against a French reserve 
side. Switzerland, on the other 
band, were at full strength — 
modest though that is. 

This inaugural event has 
been bizarre. Of the six teams 
engaged, only Switzerland and 
Sweden were represented by 
their best players. Britain were 
without Jo Durie and the 
Dutch had to make do with 

what was almost a third team. 
The status of the Germans and 
French has already Fippn 

This strange assortment of 
players was inevitable. The 
event was an innovation, its 
status was ambiguous, a«vt ft 
had no sponsor or prize 
money. Now that the Euro- 
pean Tennis Association has a 
known product to sell, rather 
than an idea, it may secure the 
sponsorship already nailed 

down for the correspo nding 

men’s event, which is 50 years 

old. Even the women’s world 
team championship, for the 
Federation Cup, had a luke- 
warm response in its early 

Other than the locally 
prevalent hazard of b ein g nm 
down by a bicycle, even a 
tandem, this has been a pleas- 
ing tournament — well or- 
ganized (without the benefit of 
experience) at a charming, 
hospitable and well-equipped 
village club with 12 courts 
indoors and eight outdoors. 

The obvious flaw was the 
decision to run the women’s 

McEnroe beats Lendl 

Atlanta' (AP) - John 
McEnroe, of America, is start- 
ing to ltd co mfor table again, 
especially after his unexpected 
victory, on Sotnrday over Ivan 
Lendl, of Czechoslovakia, in the 
semifinals of the $500,000 
(£352,112) A-T-aod-T Chal- 
lenge tournament 

McEnroe, the former world 
No. ] player who has fallen to 
12th after a self-imposed sne- 
mooth lay-off, beat the world's 
top-ranked player. 6-4, 7-5. 

McEnroe was doe to meet 

No. 2 Boris Becker, of West 
Germany, in the final late last 
night for the $150,000 top prize. 
Becker, aged 19, and twice the 
Wimbledon champion, easily 
beat Yannick Noah, die fifth- 
ranked Frenchman 6-4, 6-3 to 
reach the finaL 

RESULTS; Slnales semt-fteaU: j 
McEnroe (No. 8. US) M I Lendl (No. t , 
i)6-4. 7-5: - 

trt Y Noah 

7-5; B Becker (No. 3, W 


. — and M Medr (No. i, 

US/Czech) M D Ppfratov and A 
ChesnotovfNo. 4. USSR) 6-7, 7-6. 7-5 : K 
Jones and T Wffloson (No. 3, US) W Tim 
BuOkson and Tom Gufckson (No. 2. US) 
7*^, &-4. 

team event two courts away 
from a commonplace men’s 
tournament featuring the lead- 
ing Dutchmen. The con- 
sequences briefly became 
ludicrucais yesterday when 
Miss Gomel's match began. 
An attire stand was occupied 
by only one spectator. Tie 
may be drunk,” observed one 
of the paid entourage, "but he 
ain’t dumb.” 

Another extraordinary fea- 
ture was that the two most 
lowly ranked te ums 
within a point of contesting 
the final . The Germans nude 
it but on Saturday evening the 
Dutch, having won both sin- 
gles with inspired perfor- 
mances against surprised and 
nervously erratic Swedes, 
felled to win any of their nine 
match points in the doubles. 
That doubles decided whether 
Sweden or the Netherlands 
would advance to yesterday’s 

All ended well, because the 
best team won and the stands 
were respectably populated for 
this first occasion of its kind. 
Carina Karlsson, the pretty 
little df who became the first 
qualifier to reach the last eight 
at Wimbledon On 1984), beat 
Andrea Betzner 6-0, 6-3 and 
the puckiSh Swedish No.I, 
Catarina Lindqvist, then 
wrapped it up with a 6-2, 7-6 
win over SiDte Meier. 

Back in 1936 Sweden in- 
vented the idea of a European 
team championship. They 
have won die men’s title more 
often than any other nation. 
Now Sweden have won the 
first women’s championship. 
Bizzare though the tour- 
nament was, it had a perfect 

finish . 


Pramotton the Italian icing 

Sestriere, Italy (Reuter) — The 
rising Italian star, Richard 
Pramotton, followed his third 
place in Saturday’s slalom by 
outclassing the favourites yes- 
terday to win the opening giant 
slalom of the men’s alpine ski 
-World Cup by over a second. 

He pushed back Hubert 
Strolz. of Austria, into second 
.place with Switzerland's Pirotin 
Zurbriggen, fastest man in the 
first -leg. third. Joel Gaspoz, 
defending World Cup cham- 
pion, was fourth. 

. .Pramotton, -aged ~22, who 
-collected his first World Cup 
victory in Adetboden last Janu- 
ary, skied an electric second run 
yesterday after being just 
0_23sec behind Zurbriggen in 
the first. His victory was the 
icing on the cake for the Italians 
who had four other men among 
the points places. 

■ Maze GuanJeHi, of Luxem- 
bourg. the overall World Cup 
-champion, who raced despite 

dislocating his left shoulder in a 
fou during the slalom, faile d to 
qualify for the second run, 
placing only 38th. But several 
late starters in the first leg made 
the top 30 as conditions on the 
mixture of artificial and fresh 
snow became fester. 

Attflio Baredla, Italian new- 
comer, starting 62nd, placed 
I4tb on the first leg but failed to 
finish the second. Swiss Martin 
KnOri. another new face, fin- 
ished fifth overall after starting 
the first run from 48th position. 
OUirr SLALOCfc-1, R Prmottan dtaM. 
2:45.08: Z H Strote (Austral 2^642; 3. P 
l»T (Swttzl 246.46; 4, J Gaspoz 
2*8.18: 5, JM Kn6fl (Swfe). 

; 6, 1 Camozd flttlyX 2*&87; 7, M 
(Swta). 2:4806; 8. R Edacher 
„ , „ &4S.24, a o TotschfltsM, 24931: 
Uj.HPwwitSittri. 2*9.85: 11. HStuflW 
(WGL 251.1ft 12, F Piccard (ft). 251-46; 
13. R PWrovta (Yurt. 251-72. 

SPECIAL SLALMtl, I Stewart (Swrt. 
151.18; 2, J Nlsaon (Swa), 1512h 3. R 
Pramotton (Hriy). 151*9: 4. B Krtz^ 
(Yurt. 1*51; 5. J Gaspoz (Swtrt, 
15T80; 6. Q Bflnadk (Yurt. 151 85; 7. 6 
Totsch (KaM. 152.06: 8. R Ntoftfch 
(AusWa* a. RGrWS (IWy). 15257; 10. F 

WORKS (WQ). 152*8: 11. A Bitmer 
15256; 12. T SanoasWww (Austria 
15252; 13, H Strolz (AiSSri5254; 1< . 
M Barthold (Austrisi 15258; 15. C 
Orta«sky tAustroL 15350. 

WORLD CUP OVERALL: 1, P Zlirtxfqgsn 
(Switz). 50; 2. P MObt (SwttZL 40; T R 
Pramotton (Urty). 40; 4. L aock (Austria), 
31; 5. K AlpJger (Sw*z) 30; 6, F Hafeuar 

• Mkhaela Gerg, of West 
Germany, had no problems 
racing on the artificial snow at 
Park City, Utah, to win the 
opening grant slalom of the 
women's World Cup season 
from Mateja Svet, Yugoslavia. 
Micbela ' Rpni, Switzerland, 
winner of the first leg. dropped 
to overall fourth after the sec- 

RESULTS: 1, M Gerg WG). 2mh 
3156 mc; 2USMI (YuS. SlJStiV 
SOhneidar fSwta), £3159; 4. M PgW 
Svwta). 25153; 5. E Haw (Swfal 
za\3k 8. C QrtdBt (Fi). 23254; 7. T 
McKinney ttJSf. 23Z1ft 6, E KWilar 
(Austria). 252.43; 9. A Hudar (WG), 
£32.75; 10. B Famandaz Ochoa 





Heroes’ return: Nigel Mansell 
(left), the British motor racing 
driver, with his team boss Frank 
Williams daring the Tribute to 
Wfllfauns day at Brands Hatch 

lysed following a car crash early 
this year, and Mansell were 
greeted by nearly 15,000 people on 
a misty morning. Mansell re- 
warded them with a blistering 

yesterday. Williams, still para- exhibition of driving. After a few 

fast laps he rained a set of tyres by 
potting his car through five 360 
degree turns at full throttle in front 
of the grandstand. After a wheel 
change he performed an encore. 

(Photograph: Hugh Rontledge) 





By Roy Moor 

Yorkshire asserted their 
supremacy in do u ncertain man- 
ner in regaining the Esso Inter- 
County Championship at 
Nuneaton on Saturday. Their 
impressive aft-round strength 
was high lighted by Mark 
Botterill whose win in the 
under- 17s 200 metres freestyle 
in 1 min SS sec confirmed the 
view that he could become one 
of Britain's foremost freestyle 
swimmers in the not too distant 

His success helped Yorkshire 
to an overall score of 1 84 points, 
28 ahead of Essex, the runners- 
up. Yorkshire’s dear win was 
achieved in spite of their junior 
international, Helen Frank, be- 
ing beaten to the touch in both 
the 100 and 20 0 metres onder- 
17 breaststroke. 

In the 100 metres breast- 
stroke Ian McKenzie, aged 14 
from Braintree, won decisively, 
finishing four and a half seconds 
ahead - of Devon's Paul 
PedderzoDi in 1 min 6.82 sec 
McKenzielaxer had the satisfac- 
tion of winning the 200 metres 
individual medlay. Helen 
Slatter. the Kelly College inter- 
national, was outstanding in 
Devon’s team and distin- 
guished herself by winning rthe 
under- 17 individual medley, the 
100 metres backstroke and the 
100 metres freestyle events. 
Melanie Bradley also showed 
outstanding form in winning the 
200 metres gills’ under- 1 7 
butterfly in 2 mu 18.56 sec, and 
the 100 metres butterfly from 
Norfolk's Donna Simpson in 1 
min 5-39 sec. 

RESULTS; 1. Yorkshire. 184; 2. Essex. 
156; 3. Devon, 138; 4. Node*. 133; 5. 
Kent, 124; 8. WamUoMra. 122. 


Record goes by four strokes 

From John Hennessy, La Manga 

David Gilford, a former Eng- 
lish amateur golf champion, 
made a promising start yes- 
terday in his quest for a Euro- 
pean professional tour players' 
card. He returned a 68, three 
under par, over the North 
course of the La Manga Club on 
the first day of the six-round 
PGA qualifying school. 

Imagine, then, his stunned 
surprise to discover that he 
stood seven shots off the lead 
when the day closed around a 
remarkable 61 by Steen Tin- 
ning, of Denmark, .with two 
other players intervening on 67 
— Nicholas Brown, of Mid 
Herts, and Jesus Ldpez. 
Turning’s 61 is a course record 
by the huge margin of four 

The leader on the mote 
difficult South course was 
Wayne Smith, of Australia, with 
a 66, six under par. 

Tinning is the son of a 
ssional at Hotbaek, near 
snhagen, who fashioned a 

dub for bis son before Steen's 
first birthday. “I was hitting 
balls,” the younger Tinning 
says, “as soon as I could walk.” 

Now 24, he turned pro- 
fessional only a year ago after a 
golf scholarship at the Univer- 
sity ofTexasin Austin. He foiled 
the pre-qualifying competition 
for last year’s school at the La 
Manga Club. 

Tuning's round was founded 
on superb iron play, especially 
with die shorter clubs. He hit 
every green and, apart from 
holing from 30 feet at the 14th 
(his fifth), be made no particular 
demand on his putter. 

Smith had an unusual spur at 
the first hole on the champion- 
ship course. He was stung in the 
right hand by a bee approaching 
the green and had to take an 
awkward grip, with the sting still 
embedded in his palm. Even so, 
the birdie putt went home from 
12 feet. 

His swing, like Nick Faldo’s, 
has been remodelled by David 

Leadbetter in Florida, appar- 
ently with speedier results, for 
be won the Victorian PGA 
Championship only three weeks 
ago, admittedly in the absence 
of Greg Norman and one or two 
more of the bigger guns. 

North Course 81: S Tmreng (Dent S7: J 
L6pez (Sp). N Brown. 6& D Gsord. A 
ftnwo (Spt 69: A Shertwne, G 
Broedbent, Y Hausski (Fr). 7tk C Platts. B 
Smith, K Valentine. D Klenk (US). M 
Stnrman. P Kent N Haynes, S 
Grappesonrt (H), J Bennett. P Barber. A 
Edwards (ZimJ. 7f: K Cabo (Sph O 
Eskidstti (Dent D Wife, M Enrtte. R 
McFariane. S Fotfiarinoham, R Navarro 
(Spt K Baiaae tSwTtzt § Smith, LTumer, 
M Trauner (US), U Hoofterg (Swe). D 
Banks (USt TMaera (US), MJamnas.R 
Joyce. Other aeons included: 73: D 
Muscrnft M MIlQr. 74: C Laurence. Sooth 
Comer 6& W Smith (AtSL 68: B Norton 
D McMBan. W 

Milne. 70: J 


w. R Michael 

J. l Da uin , 

^SnwARHdL M Fe^rtMfchaM (Ufe. 
L fielding. A Postigbooe (WGt C QMes. W 
Whtsnas ISA), J sperce, M Tomlinson. P 
A Brutedt (Swe). J Vfeigoe. J Ruttadge. C 
Brook*. M Ericsson (Swe). Other aeorars 
rnduded: 74: P Hoad.75s J Hawkaworlh, 
M Davis. 78: R Kaptan (8A). 

Zoeller cashes in at Skins event 

La Quinta (Reuter) — Fuzzy 
Zoeller collected the most cash 
but Lee Trevino generated the 
most excitement at the Skins 
Game golf tournament on 

Zoeller, intimidating his three 
illustrious competitors with 
huge foe' shots on one of the 
tou ghest courses in the United 
States, won 560,000 (£42^53) at 
the par- three fourth hole on a 
nine-foot birdie putt. 

Trevino, making the first 
eagle in the four-year history of 
the Skins Game, holed out from 
about 70 yards on the seventh 
hole to collect SSS.000. 

Arnold Palmer birdied the 
eighth hole from about nine feet 
to win S 25,000 but Jack 

Nicklaus came away empty- 
handed after the first half of the 

S450.000 event 

• Auckland (Reuter) — Rodger 
Davis, of Australia, made it 
third time lucky when he won 
the Auckland Open. 

LEADING SCORES: 2S7: R Davis (Atfft 
270: BSheerer (AusL C StranoefUSk 274 
P Senior (Ana), D WelbrirojUS); *74: V 
Somers (Aus),S Owen (NZ£27S:J Senior 
(Ausi N KBtdttfe (Aus); Z7 k G Alexander 
(AusL M Clayton (Aus). British aconix: 
279: M BembhtJgiK 287: T Price. 

• Ibusuki (AFP) -The over- 
night leader. Scon Hoch, of the 
United States, fired a three- 
under-par 69 yesterday to charge 
to a six-stroke victory in the 85- 
mflUon-yen (£373,239) Casio 
Open golf tournament here. 

Graham Marsh, of Australia, 
the leader after the first and 

second rounds and level with 
Jose-Maria Otazabal overnight 
faltered again with a 76, follow- 
ing his third round 74, but 
managed to salvage third spot 

282: J-M Otazabal (Sp); 284: G Mareh 

K 28& Y twashttafJap). I Bokar-Fincti 
B TWay (US); 2B& D isM (US), K 
Knox (US). 

• Germiston (Reuter) — Mark 
McNulty, of South Africa, com- 
pleted three wins with a one- 
shot victory in the R100.000 
(£30,000) Germiston Centenary 
golf event yesterday. 

LEADING SCORERS: South African ur- 
toaa Stated: 26& M McNulty; 2S7:FAU6n>: 
270: D Frost 273: H BanccNL- 275: B 
Lincoln: 276: W Wostner, P Simmons, T 
Johnstone. J Bland; 278: G Levenson. 
British scores: 281: I Mosey: 283: W 
Humphreys, D Russafl. 


W Indies 
need one 
more win 

•• Sharjah, United Arab Emir- 
ates (Reuter) — The West 1 
Indies' pace attack destroyed 
India yesterday to move in- 
exorably closer to the $32,000 
■first prize in the four-nation 
’Champions Trophy tour- 
nament West Indies beat India 
by 33 runs, despite a determined 
63 from the opener, Sunil 
-Gavaskar, and now need only to 
beat Sri Lanka today to daim 
the trophy. • • 

Viv Richards, the captain, 
inspired West Indies to 198 for 

■ eight from tbeir 45 overs with an 
aggressive 62 from 57 deliveries, 

‘ including five fours and three 
towering sixes off the left-arm 
" spinner, Ravi ShastrL 
' India’s hopes rested heavily 
' on the shoulders of the dashing 
"opener, Krishna Srikkanth. He 
hammered Malcolm Marshall 
for a four and a six in his second 
■over, but the fast bowler quickly 
..took bis revenge. 

Gavaskar and Mohammad 
Azharuddin held firm for a 

■ stand of 92 for the fourth wicket. 

“S2S““2SS ! [Oi 

,165lor&gHt (S M Gavaskar 63. A H Gray 
. 3 lor 32). 


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their worth 

By Keith Macklin 

The sensations provided by 
upstart second division chibs 
did not end at Doncaster. 
Hunslet, the unbeaten leaden, 
gave Warrington the fright of 
their lives at WilderepooL scor- 
ing two tries to one and 
succumbing only late in the 
game to two penalty goals and a 
dropped goal from tbe Warring- 
ton stand-off half Bishop. 

Hunslet showed tint their 
form in the second division this 
season entities them to serious 
consideration and respect in 
next season’s first division. Af- 
ter trailing 6-0 to a try by 
Thackray and a goal by Bishop, 
they scored two brilliant tries 
through Coates and Irvine, and 
Platt contributed a penalty goad. 
Tbe Warrington- forward, 
Tamati, was sent off. 

There was a time when a 
match between Wigan and 
Leeds was an appetizing trans- 
Pennine battle, but Leeds have 
fallen on hard times, and Wigan 
prevailed 32-10 in the first 
round tie played on Saturday. 
Hanley and Goodway scored 
two tries each. Widnes over- 
whelmed Dewsbury 82-0, with 
David Holme scoring five tries 
and the Great Britan winger, 

Bassett, three. 

Bradford won revenge for 
their league defeat by winning at 
Oldham, and the unbeaten first 
division leaders, St Helens, 
scraped through at Whitehaven. 

RESULTS: Jetai Pteyer Special Trophy: 
Ffcst nxmte Bartow 36. Rimwn 10; 
BtecKpooUft M&ftSfeid ^Doncaster 18. 

KH14; Fsafwrttone 22. Wortdngion 

ift FuBiam 24, Casttotord 34; Haftax36. 

Wateflek) 22; Leigh 32. Rochdale 10; 

Mysons 11, Bewton 1ft_0 Mgm^1 2. 

Bredfonl 22; Setfbrtlft Hufl 27: Sheffield 

E 14, Brentev ft W li i ife ig to n 11, Hunslet 

10; WMtDhnan 8, Si Hdens 1th Widnes 

82. Dewstxey 0. Posmtt GmMb v 




Kentish men prove too 
sharp for Yorkshire 

Sydney Frisian 

from the right Langston in the 
Yorkshire goal made a number 


Yorkshire , 



A goal by Neil Berry in the 
second period of extra time 
provided an exerting finish to a 
fairly even game and took Kent, 
into the semi-finals of the 
county championship at the 
expense of Yorkshire at Gore 
Court, Sittingbourne, yesterday. 

Yorkshire lost Norman 
Hughes is the first minute of 
extra time when the ball struck 
him in the mouth. He was 
replaced by Bailey. Yorkshire 
were without Bolland but the 
defence, all the same, was well 
held together by Outran who 
bad an outstanding game. 

Kent looked a little sharper in 
attack but they missed two easy 
chances midway in the second 
half when Bilsland foiled to 
capitalize on two lovely centres 


of timely excursions to the top 
of the circle 

KENT: C Winter (Bromley); M Rfcfuanda 
(Bromley l. A (Bromley). P Ooowbea 

(Goto Cownx G 
Abreo (BtecWiaatfi), N Beny 
enlram). N Em (flora Court), R 

URE: II Langston (Weltoot A 
(Doncaster). O Cutter (Ben 
0). M CflttraB (Doncaster). D 
K Stan*) (Weton). N 
Nd. sub: D Bretay. 
.. Wake (Walton). DSeecfwoar 
(Wahefteiin. 4 Pearson (Sheffield), R 
Leach (Sheffield, sub: Q Nash. 

Umpires: J Anders o n (MWands) and M 
MartiR (Southern Counties). 

• In the postponed preliminary 
round match. Essex _ defeated 
Somerset 2-1 and will be at 
home to Cheshire in the last of 
the quarter-finals next Sunday. 
In yesterday's remaining quar- 
ter-final. Worcestershire beat 
Staffordshire 4-1. 

Virtues shine through 

By David Chappell 


Cambridgeshire... 2 

(after extra time) 

John Day, tbe Cambridge- 
shire coach, extolled the main 
virtues of his side as hard work 
and a strong desire to win before 
yesterday’s County Champion- 
ship quarter-final at Exeter. But 
while Cambridgeshire confi- 
rmed those qualities in some 
measure, it was Devon who 
proved stronger in both suits as 
they overcame a two goal deficit 
to win an absorbing match in 
extra time. 

A third minute goal from their 
muscular sweeper, Vartan, from 
their first short comer gave 
Cambridgeshire the perfect 

After Spiers had flicked the 

ball past Bevan lo pul 
Cambridgeshire in a command- 
ing position, Graham Skinner 
* succeeded with a second penalty 
award to spur Devon to a 
rousing finish, climaxed five 
minutes from the end when 
Tremleu equalized from a short 
comer. Devon moved into the 
semi-finals when the younger 
Skinner volleyed the deciding 
goal early in extra time. 

DEVON; A Bevan (Gtoucsster). T 
Shobrook (Plymouth), M MM (fsca), K 
Baker (Exeter Crickets). K Woodman 

(Taunton Vale), i Butter (tecs), J Draw 

(tsca, st4x P Cooper. Plymouth). R 
Shobrook (Plymouth), R Sttmer (bca). G 
Sterner (Iseaj. W Rodgers (Tsca). 
CAKBMDQESHRt£:N Lloyd (C&mfartdge- 

stteo Nomaas), A Vartra (Teddington), C 

Rely (CamMtoB City), 8 Brown 
(Wisbech), M MBaam fCamtortjga CM, 
M Yeoman (Peterborough). N Krar (Potar- 

IAot {Cambridge aty.SiteeS 
sub: A Taofcft, 

Ward (London University), P 

* cay). 

1 Singh and J Nash 


No place 
for ladies 
in England 

By Patrick Davies 

The noise was excruciating. If 

7.000 schoolgirls were not 
exhorting their favourites to 
score, tbe public address system 
was exhorting tbe girls to be 
more vocal, or contenting itself 
with blas tin g them with some- 
thing that was not Mozart. Quiet 
it was not 

But it was an international 
and gn gtwinl agniurt Australia 
is never an occasion for reflec- 
tion wffd meditation. The Erian 
international at Wembley Arena 
on Saturday was no exception — 
the non-stop racket off court was 
matched by the non-stop effort 
on, with Australia, the world 
champions, winning by 44 goals 
to 35. 

were bitterly dis- 
appointed. The week before, at 
Gateshead, they had held the 
A assies to a single goal (40-39) 
and really believed they could 
beat diem this time, for the first 
time on English soU. Or. at least, 
England’s coach. Heather 
Crtwch, and her team believed 
they could win. General op- 
timism was more mated. Word 
had it the Australians were out 
.to murder England. 

They were more humane than 
that, but once they had with- 
stood England's first-quarter 
finny and recovered from a 6-4 
deficit to lead 7-6 at the end of 
the quarter, (be Australians 
dominated with tbeir swift, free- 
flowing passing and. crucially, 
their much more accurate 

“Sickening”, was bow 
England's veteran captain and 
goal attack, JiUeau Hipsey, 
described tbe result. “We played 
so much better in Gateshead. 
Australia also tightened their 
game np here and their shooting 
was better than ours. Good 
shooting is a feature of Austra- 
lian netball and we’ve got to get 
onrs better.” 

Warming to her theme, Mrs 
Hipsey — who at 38 had just won 
her 84th cap and played in her 
last Wembley - went on: 
“We've also got to learn to play 
against defences like theirs. 
They’re tougher and heavier, 
they lean on you, they time their 
jumps well and they launch 
themselves at yua. They're 
strong and aggressive whfle 
we've probably been a bit too 
meek hi the past. We can't 
afford to be ladies any more.” 

The Australians have a 
reputation for being very aggres- 
sive and though netball is a non- 
contact sport, the Interpretation 
of the roles, differs somewhat 
from the southern to the north- 
ern hemisphere. Australia's 
goalkeeper, Sally Ironmonger, 
was penalized frequently and by 
a slight shake of the bead made 
it known they did not do things 
like that back home. 

Back home, netball is indeed c 
different game. There are 

550.000 registered players — 
England boasts between 40.000 
and 60,000 — and tbe Australian 
captain, Anne Sargeant, aged 
28, reckons they could field two 
or three international sides. 

Their training — and 
England's is not so different — is 
fearsome. Endurance works, 
sprints, weights, shooting prac- 
tice, skills practice — no mere 
recreation this. 

“The only reward is winning.” 
said Mrs Crouch. Bat while she 
neglects her family and fits her 
coaching duties In around her 
job as a senior lecturer, England 
must surely marvel at their 
ability even to give those A assies 
a game. 

As it is, the decibel level bit 
103 — two more than tbe limit 
deemed acceptable at pop con- 
certs in the Arena — and a lot of 
eardrums might never recover 
should England beat Australia 
when they next meet, probably 
at the world tournament in 
Glasgow in Aagnsc. 


Army oblige 
Phipps to 
pull out stops 

By Chris Moore 

British bobsleighing received 
a double boost on the eve of the 
new season with two world-class 
performances in Igls, Austria, 
over the weekend- Nick Phipps 
produced the ihird- fastest time 
ever recorded on the Austrian 
track of 52.90 seconds as his 
Allied Steel crew of Bob Thome, 
Keith Power, and Alan 
Ceamscame from behind at the 
halfway stage to retain the 
British four-man championship. 

Phipps had surprisingly 
trailed in second place overnight 
behind Sian Tom's Army team, 
whose start time of 5.20 seconds 
on the opening hatf was the 
fastest ever by a British crew and 
only 0.01 sec outside the best in 
the world lasl season. 

“Make no mistake, these were 

two world-class performances.” 
said a delighted British team 
manager. Mo Hammond, 
Tout's team, made up of Dave 
Armstrong. Brian Richards, and 
Lennie Paul, led by 0.04 seconds 
after the first two runs. Bui 
Phipps pulled out the stops on 
the third fouf and with a final 
lime of 53.0J seconds ran out 
winner by 0.54 secs. 

RESULT: 1. PWWK, Tlwn. Pmwrf. 
fleams. 3mln 3252SSC (53.11, 53.30, 







"figure SKATING 

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10th-14th DECEMBER B86 








Pleat does the talking as 
E nglis h game at its best 
leaves Gough speechless 

By Stuart Jones 
Football Correspondent 

Tottenham Hotspur..*... 2 
Nottingham Forest 3 

Brian Gough was, for once, 
left speechless. Nottingham 
Forest's manager seldom 
chooses publicly to offer his 
opinion alter matches anyway 
but he had no choice but to 
maintain his policy of silence 
even in private. By the end of 
Saturday afternoon, he had 
lost his voice at White Hart 

Since Gough was forced to 
keep his thoughts to himself, 
David Pleat spoke on his 
behalf The argument between 
Tottenham Hotspur and For- 
est had itself been so appeal- 
ingly eloquent, so rich in 
quality and so neatly bal- 
anced, there was scarcely any 
need to sprinkle a few more 
words on top. 

Yet Pleat was not indulging 
in the superfluous when he 
claimed M it was one for the 
fans, the English game at its 
best”. Although be admitted it 
was “horrible” to see his side 
beaten, his natural disappoint- 
ment was lost in his admira- 
tion. His reaction was as 
refreshing as toothpaste. 

Tottenham's display in the 
first half rave him “a warm 
feeling”, for the first time 
since taking over ar his new 
dub. Combined with Forest's 
performance in the second 
half, the overall pattern would 
have brought a hot flush to the 
face of the national manager, 
Bobby Robson. 

Eight of his past or present 
players were arrayed in while 

and six of his future repre- 
sentatives were dressed in red- 
It could have been the practice 
match between England and 
Young England he might ide- 
ally have envisaged. But two 
foreigners wens to influence 
the outcome. 

For as long as Ardiles was 
acting as Hoodie's prompter, 
Tottenham were in control of 
the debate. During his third 
outing in eight days, his 
stamina and his legs began to 
buckle. Before he had left the 
stage, it bad already been 
taken over by Metgod and his 
assistant, Webb. 

Their leading ally was not 
Carr, who was so subdued in 
the presence of Mitchell 
Thomas be was eventually 
persuaded to switch flanks, 
but Mills. Their main protec- 
tion was formed by the re- 
newed partnership between 
Walker and Fairclough, once 
considered the central pillars 
of Robson's under-21 side. 

There were flaws, moments 
when lines went astray, and 
Tottenham's contribution was 
the eventual cause of their 
downfall. Polston's error, 
compounded by Qemence, 
was punished by Pearce's 
penalty wi thin a minute. Their 
second costly mistake was 
committed by Roberts, the 
subject of transfer speculation. 

Pleat confirmed he had 
rejected an offer of £400.000 
from Rangers and denied he 
had approached Hearts about 
Levein. a possible replace- 
ment. “To do well in the first 
division, you need your best 
players," he said. “Besides, 
with our injury problems, we 
need them alL" 

He did concede he might 
consider selling Roberts for a 
more substantial amount. 

How much? “After be had 
given them the second goal, 
about two and sixpence.” 

Rangers are believed to have 
turned their attention to 
Levein, aged 22, whose fee 
was set yesterday at £750,000. 

Give Allen, in spite of 
collecting his 20th and 21st 
goals of his remarkably pro- 
lific season, was as generous as 
his defensive colleagues. Of- 
ten left as isolated as a 
lighthouse, he scorned four 
other chances that, even in the 
fog that shrouded North 
London, were equally 

He was denied on each 
occasion by Segers, and the 
rebounds fell in favour of the 
goalkeeper. Not so for 
Clemence, who was unable to 
hold Pearce's free-kick, 

Fairclough, with his first 
League goal, claimed the 
equalizer and Webb, with a 
drive that took a slight deflec- 
tion, later scored the winner. 

“They are a 
side,” Pleat said. 

simple but effective. It was a ,4. * , 

splendid game with hardly any TflJ I TU IV 111 

offsides and no kicking from J 

end to end. I've heard 
Wimbledon's manager defend 
his tactics by saying it takes 
two to tango. In that case, I 
love the way Forest dance.” 

Age withers 
them and 
the years 

By David Miller 
Chief Sports Correspondent 


Midfield dash between Walker and Fairdosgh of Forest and Allen and Ardiles of Spars (Photograph: Tommy HmdJey) 


t,u tut wiiuici. ^ 

Rush move Verve delivers vet 

ictive. It was a a "Wa. _ 1 • v 

another downfall 

ABen. M Thomas. J Potetoo, G Roberta. G 
MabbutL C Alton. S Close. C Warkfa. G 
Hoddto. O ArtiRes (sub O.Thomas). _ 
Fleming, s Pearce. D wafer, C 
FaWourt. N Webb. F Carr. J Metgod, N 
Ctougn, G antes. G MNs. 

Referee: R GtttatL 

Speedie underlines solidarity 

By Clive White 

Leicester City 


Chelsea .* 


Chelsea were at war again on 
Saturday, though this time the 
enemy was not from wi thin. 
Unfriendly Leicester City pro- 
vided a severe test of Chelsea's 
new fortitude and solidarity — 
and not least ibeir patience. 

Chelsea are putting a brave 
face on life just now and perhaps 
in deference to the recent truce 

— for that is all that one can call 
it for the moment — with John 
Hollins, their manag er they 
declined to become involved in 
any hostility during or after 
their encounter with desperate 

Speedie. dropped for nine 
ies recently because of what 
! said off the field rather than 
what he did on h, again found 
himself in the eye of the storm. 
Blasted by the boots of Leicester 
players from one end of the 
ground to the other he received 
neither protection nor sympathy 
from Brian Stevens, the referee, 
yet diplomatically he refused to 
complain. Sympathy did come, 
rather surprisingly, given their 
recent differences, from Ken 
Bates, his chairman, who when 
asked what injuries Speedie had 
suffered he answered: “How do 
I know. I'm not a medical man 

— and clearly neither is the 

referee. He left him lying un- 
attended for four and a half 
minutes out there.” 

Indeed Speedie seemed to 
spend most of his time in a 
horizontal position which was 
just as well for Leicester given 
the damage he inflicted when 
spasmodically upright. Moving 
smartly on to a downward 
Rougvie header he had given 
Chelsea the impetus of an 1 Ith 
minute lead but limped out of 
the game in the 63rd minute 
with damaged knee ligaments 
and a sprained ankle that be 
vowed would not keep him out 
of this Saturday’s game. 

Unfortunately Chelsea's new- 
found understanding has not yet 
spread to the field. They were 
unable to match a sharper and 
more inventive Leicester mid- 
field, for whom McAllister, aged 
22, signed last season from 
Motherwell, possesses a poten- 
tial that like Lineker, the watch- 
ing Leicester old boy, will take 
him far beyond the bounds of 
Filbert Street. 

As well as stylish and skilful, 
he is a goal-scoring midfield 
player, a rare breed indeed. He 
scored his seventh goal of the 
season from the penalty spot 
after Isaac had dragged back 
Sealy and helped give Leicester 
a deserving lead when after a 
neat exchange with Wilson be 
fired in a shot which 
Niedzwiecki could only push 

into the path of 0*NeilL 

This was the more acceptable 
face of Leicester but charged 
with lack of professionalism by 
Bryan Hamilton, their manager, 
after their drubbing at Watford, 
they distorted it with some over- 
zealous tackling. Walsh, booked 
after only two minutes in the 
opening assault on Speedie, 
ought to have been sent off later 
when another cumbersome 
challenge forced die same player 
to retire. A wrestling match 
between two other diminutive 
Scots. Nevin and Mauchlen, 
earned them a booking apiece, a 
fete which also befell the giant 
McLaughlin, whose commit.' 
ment could again not be faulted 
even if his heart is not in 

Pates, the captain being 
played out of position in mid- 
field, typified this professional 
pride when he said: “We’re all in 
it together. There's nothing 
wrong with our attitude, there 
never has been. Just a few 
persona] differences.” At least 
Bumstead’s laughable last- 
minute equalizer, by uncharac- 
teristic courtesy of Andrews in 
the Leicester goal, put a few 
smiles back on Chelsea feces. 

LEICESTER COTi I A n d re w s. S Mor- 
gan. M Venus. J O’Neifl, S Walsh. G 
McABstar, A Mauchlen, a Fmtay. A 
Smith. I Wilson. A Sealy, 

CHELSEA: E Ntadzwtodri; D Rougvie, K 
DuMn, R Isaac, J McLaughlin, C Pates. P 
Nevin, N Spademan. K Dixon, D Speedto 
(Sub; D Wood). J Bumsnad- 
Retoree: B Stevens. 


By Steve Bates 

Liverpool will attempt to 
avert a major row this week by 
holding a meeting to settle the 
confusion which has engulfed 
Airfield over the proposed £3L2 
million move of Ian Rush to 

The transfer, scheduled for 
the end of the season, was 
shrouded in donbt last night 
following a “Rush mast stay 1 * 
leaflet campaign and demon- 
stration at UverpooFs game 
with Coventry. And Rush 
himself added to the mystery 
when he insisted: “I have 
never wanted to leave Liver- 
pool but when the dub said 1 
could talk with Jnventns I 
thought it was a sign that I 
could go. They did not mlw 
me an offer to stay. 

“I am due to go next year 
and anythmg different from 
that is for the two dabs to 
decide. I have already signed 
an agreement to play for them 
next season.” Liverpool, 
fiercely protective of their 
image, set about clarifying the 
issue with their chief exec- 
utive, Peter Robinson, at pains 
to stress Rush could have 
stayed. He said: “It was Ian 
Rush who indicated be wanted 
to leave and said that he 
wanted to talk to Jnventns. We 
offered to make him the top 
paid player in the football 

Butterworth to go 

By Nicholas Hailing $S5tTS 

Aston Vina 

Behind the smug smile of 
satisfaction that comes from 
being the manager of the League 
leaders, George Graham, must 
be wondering this week just 
where he can accommodate not 
only his two internationals. 
Charlie Nicholas and Graham 
Rix, who continued their come- 
backs from injury with the 
reserves on Saturaay, but Stew- 
art Robson as wdL 

“It's a lovely problem,” Gra- 
ham admitted after Arsenal’s 
exploitation of Aston Villa. 

On the evidence of their 
second successive 4-0 away win, 
Graham's best answer would be 
to leave well alone. Neither 
Nicholas, nor Rix, could defi- 
nitely improve a team playing 
with all the verve a long 
unbeaten run brings. 

With Steve Williams at his 
belligerent worst, only the 
restoration of Robson, who is in 
any case further away from 
fitness than the other absentees, 
might ultimately enhance 
Arsenal’s prospects, if only for 
reducing the number of free 
kicks they concede. 

As though aware of the con- 
sequences of adding to the 
League’s worst disciplinary 
record — which received a 
further Not with the booking of 
Hodge for fouling Rocastle — 
Villa, who approach the next 

es without the sus- 
trio of Gary Williams, 
Keown and Elliott, laudably 
foiled to succumb to the 

That grouse apart, there was 
no way Arsenal could be faulted, 
although it would have been 
tempting to suggest they were 
living up to their lucky tag when 
Hayes' low drive, seemingly 
destined for the safe arms of 
Spink, was deflected over the 
by Keown fin- the 
goaL However, any such 
suspicion was removed by 
Arsenal’s domination of the 
second half 

Hayes, with, another tow drive 
that went in via Spink’s out- 
stretched fingers and the far 
upright, added the second. 
Groves the third with a lovely 
header from a Davis free kick 
and Rocastle the fourth with a 
delightful individual effort that 
had even the Villa supporters 

Arsenal s victory margin 
might have been rather less 
overwhelming had McNeill not 
dropped Hunt and pushed one 
of his three centre halves. 
Keown, into midfield for the 
second half by which time Villa 
also had two wingers. Waites 
having crane on for Kerr. In 
hindsig ht, the Vflht twanayr 
had no regrets for at least trying. 

Dorigo, A Evans, P BBott, M Keown, D 
Norton. P Karr (suix Walters), G Thomp- 
son. S Hodge. A Daley. 

ARSENAL: K LufcA, V Anderson. K 
Sarnom, S WHams, D Oleary. A Adana. 

D Rocaste, P Davto, N Own, P Groves, M 

their climb 

By Vince Wright 

Plymouth Argyle 3 

Oldham Athletic 2 

Plymouth has not known 
such excitement since the dub 
reached the FA Cup semi-finals 
in 1984. At that time Plymouth 
were a moderate third division 
team. Now, under the inspired 
managership of Dave Smith, 
they have an excellent chance of 
gaining promotion for the sec- 
ond successive season and of 
experiencing first division fool- 
ball for the first time in their 100 
year history. 

Plymouth, in third position, 
passed one of their most im- 
portant examinations so fer by 
defeating the second division 
leaders. Few would dispute 
Oldham’s c laim* to top place on 
the strength of their recent 
performances but on Saturday, 
before a crowd of 17,265, they 
were made to look ordinary by 
Plymouth, who won more 
convincingly than the score 



■ IIHAitv. 

F Nixon. 

Oxford plumb depths issss 


Norwich City win sign the 
Nottingham Forest defender Ian 
Buttei worth next week for 
£160,000. Butterworth, aged 21, 
spent a month's loan with 
Norwich earfier this season. 

BiDy Whitehurst’s dismissal 
at Norwich gives Oxford United 
the season’s worst dub record 
for sendings-off (four). Total 
dismissals of 95 so fer (72 in the 
League, 13 in the FA Cup and 10 
in the Litdewoods Cup) com- 
pared with 100 (80 League, 13 


Fust division 

AatonVDta fl Amml 4 

LacmterCSfy 2 Ctntosa 2 

Urapoal 2 Coventry 0 

1 Chorttoti 0 

Manchester Oty 1 Everton 3 

NorartchCity 2 Oxford United 1 

OPR 2 Sheffield Wed 2 

Somhwnpton 3 Watford 1 

Tottenham 2 NatHngham For 3 

Wtabladon 1 Manchester Utd 0 

Second dhrision 

C Palace 



2 West Bran 

0 (pariah 

1 Stoke 

2 Sunderland 

2 Derby 
1 Portsmouth 



McDonald, A 
Thomas 2.D 

( 0 ) 0 






P W 

Arsenal 17 TO 

Nottsngham For 1710 

Sheffield Wed 
West Ham 
Coventry City 
Oxford United 
A Vila 

17 9 
17 6 
17 8 

17 a 

18 6 

Manchester Utd 17 

Manchester C 

L F 

3 27 


A Pts 
8 34 
38 24 32 

36 20 31 

4 27 16 29 

4 19 12 29 

4 28 24 29 

3 34 26 27 

4 26 27 27 

5 16 14 26 

8 21 19 25 

B 33 36 23 

7 31 25 22 

9 19 22 22 

6 18 28 21 

8 17 22 19 

310 21 40 18 
5 8 17 19 17 

5 8 19 26 17 

5 B 20 29 

210 18 29 
7 7 19 30 

6 8 16 23 

Sheffield utd 
Hu* City 
C Pataca 
Stoke City 
Blackburn R 

L F A Pts 
3 28 18 34 

2 21 11 33 

29 20 33 

21 17 30 

22 16 27 

28 21 27 

Z2 19 25 

21 19 24 

24 24 23 

17 28 23 

21 24 22 

22 30 22 

8 19 19 21 

5 16 IB 21 

17 8 3 B 18 20 21 

17 6 2 9 20 20 20 

17 5 5 7 16 19 20 

18 5 4 7 25 25 19 

16 5 3 8 23 28 18 

15 4 3 8 15 20 15 

16 4 3 9 18 27 15 

17 2 7 8 13 20 13 

PW □ 
1710 4 
17 9 8 
17 9 6 
17 9 3 
17 8 
17 7 
17 7 
17 6 
17 6 
17 7 
17 5 
17 7 
17 6 
16 5 

Third division 

Blackpool 1 Newport County 1 

Bolton W 3 York 1 

Bristol R P Doncaster P 

Chesterfield 1 Buy 1 

FiAtem 3 Dnfington 1 

MkkflesbrwBh 1 Chester 2 

Notts County 2 Bristol C 0 

Port Vale P Bmansmooth P 

Swindon 2 Cartels 0 

Watsafl 2 Mansfield 0 

Wigan 3 GUngham 1 


ROTHERH’M (0) 2 B RE NTFORD (2) 3 
Douglas. Haycock Smton.Cooko2 

L F A Pts 

3 31 18 35 

3 23 13 34 

3 25 17 33 

Fourth division 






3 Cambridge IM 

4 Mdw Shot 
2 Scxoahorpe 

3 Hf nil Steatite! II 

2 Tmmnare 
2 Preston 
3 Torquay 
0 * 


Scottish premier dhrtsfon 

3 Ctydebte* 3 

2 Dundee Utd 1 

1 H andtton 3 

0 Aberdeen 1 

3 Hearts 0 

0 Cahfc 1 




Notts County 



Doncaster R 







SOUmSjN LEAGUE: Premier dMum 
Alvechurch 2. Fisher Am 0; Aylesbury Z. 
WWenhall Bedworth l| Ffeffi}' f: 

Cambridge C 6. Corby 3: Crawley 2. 

0- Kmgs Lyrn 0: 
Fareham 2, Bromsgrovo 2; G os non 3. 

Ogmuriord Or Sh^hed a oSffiSd 2 

Witney 1. Foftestana O; Worcester 4. 

Htetond dMson: Banbury 3, 
Rushden 0; Coventry Sporting 1. Forest 
Green Hovers I: Gloucester City 2. 
Bridgnorth 2: Grantham 2, Sutton Cdd- 
flekJ 2 Hadnestord i. Staton i (aban- 
doned 45min, togh Stourbridge 4, 
Wesmgborouflh 2 VS Rugby I.Moor 
Green 2. Postponed: Halesowen v Me 
Oak Rovers. Southern rfivfciiore Ashford 

2. Poole 2. (abandoned 45mm. log): 
Chatham 4. Canterbury 3: Dover Attv 2. 
TYwbrxlge 0: Dunstable 0, Andover ft 
Gravesend and N 1, Corinthian i ; 
Sneppey 1. Enth and B 1: WatsrfoowSe 4, 
Dorchester 3; Woodford 2. Burnham end 
H 0. P ost poned: RuisSp v Tonnnd g a. 

trfnchem i 
0: Dagenh 

Weakfetone 2: FncWey 1. Sutton 1: 
Ketlenng 0 Cheltenham ft Nuneaton 2. 
Maidstone ft Stafford ft Beth i; Telford 5. 
Boston 2 Weymouth 0, Scarborough 1. 
Po s tponed; KMdermmster v NorthwMt. 
OPH1; Chelsea 2. Bnetfiton ft Ports m outh 

3, Oxford Utd ft Watford 3, Southarrmton 
1: west Ham 1. Swindon 2. 

FA .CO UNTY Y OUTH CUP: Berta and 
Bi^«3 Dorset 1: Essex 4 Suffolk 1; Kent 
2 Royal Navy ft 

round, Aral tom BarrowS. South Liverpool 
8. Norwich ft Chaney 4: Manockft 
Buxton ft MossJey I.Goole 

President's cup; Ffest round, first fen; 
Bu tton 1 . WorWngw. fthHLT! 
GatfShoroiigh 1: Worksop 5. Souttvortl. 

risron: Bartonq 3, Wycombe 4; Bognor 3, 
Windsor and Eton 2: Bromley 3. Bishop's 
Storttord 1; Carsfialton 1. Harrow 1; 
Croydon 2 Hendon 4: Famborough 2, 
WoKtogham ft Hayes 2, (Ongstonian 1; 
Hitchm 6. Walthamstow i; Si Alans 2, 
Tooong Mitcham T; Stougti 2. Worthing 3; 
Yaovfi 0 Dulwich 2. Rrst dlrisfem 
Basidon 3. Hatitolon 1; BrackneS 2 
F 3 2 am *" i t; ; Finchley 2 Uxbridge 

4; Km^xjry 3. Grays Atfi 1; Leathertwrad 
2 Mferieay 1; Oxford City i. Boreham 
4. Maidenhead 4: 



Bolton W 
Bristol R 

IB 10 
18 9 
18 9 
17 8 
17 8 

17 6 

18 7 
18 8 
16 6 
18 6 

17 6 

18 8 
18 6 
18 5 
18 5 

18 311 

18 5 4 9 

31 20 31 

29 23 31 
31 17 30 
26 21 27 
19 15 27 
34 32 25 

30 31 S 
23 14 23 
26 30 23 
23 26 22 
26 34 22 

8 23 34 22 
8 28 27 20 
6 20 23 20 
4 19 24 20 

North a mpton 
Swansea CKy 
Exeter City 
Tran mere R 
Wolverhampton 18 7 

1714 2 
1B10 5 
7710 3 
18 8 5 
15 7 6 
17 6 9 

17 8 3 

18 7 6 
IB 6 
18 7 
17 8 

|_ln_f iif j- I 


Cardiff C 

Cambridge utd 
Ha&fax Town 


18 5 

17 5 

18 6 
18 5 

17 6 

18 4 

17 4 7 8 

18 4 7 7 

L F A Pts 

1 47 22 44 

3 29 18 35 

4 31 17 33 

5 32 27 29 

2 30 IS 27 
2 24 11 27 

6 25 23 27 

6 5 23 24 27 

6 6 26 26 24 

3 8 27 28 24 

5 8 29 26 23 

2 0 18 23 23 

7 6 20 23 22 

7 5 18 21 22 

4 8 20 27 22 

6 7 22 23 21 

3 8 20 26 21 

8 6 29 30 20 

25 29 19 
20 26 19 


Dundee Utd 











2116 4 t 
2112 5 4 
2111 6 4 
2012 3 5 
2110 7 4 

A Pts 
12 38 


86 17 29 
30 18 28 
36 14 27 
34 17 27 

It is easy to see why Phrcnoutb 
are the highest scorers in their 
division. Their two forwards, 
Tynan and Clayton, are sharp 
opportunists and they were well 
supported, particularly by 
Hodges, whose direct right wing 
runs dismantled Oldham's 

Oldham were disappointing, 
with only Wright causing Plym- 
outh concern. Perhaps foe long 
iey from Lancashire to 
dulled Oldham’s re- 
actions, for they were caught 
offside on no fewer than 11 
occasions in the first half They 
were not much smarter in the 
second but at least they finished 
on a high noteas Plymouth were 
hard pressed to preserve their 
stender advantage. 

Clayton seized on a wayward 
back pass by Linighan to drive 
Plymouth into a 10th minute 
lead and seven minutes later 
they were two ahead as Burrows 
escaped his marker to send a 
well-judged header beyond 
Goram from Coughlin’s centre. 

A lapse of concentration by 
Plymouth's defenders allowed 
Milligan to bead Oldham back 
into contention before half- 
time. But Plymouth showed 
even more enterprise in the 
second half 

21 9 -4 8 28 24 22 

21 fl 8 7 18 19 20 

21 5 610 20 31 IB 

21 4 8 9 22 34 

21 4 512 19 42 

21 4 314 17 46 

20 1 316 14 43 





Scottish first efiviskm 

Akdria 1 

Clyde 4 

“ 1 Quean otSta 

1 EFHe 
3 Perth* 




18 5 310 21 29 18 
18 2 8 8 15 22 M 
18 2 8 8 21 34 14 
17 2 312 9 33 9 

_ 17 27 
Newport County 17 4 6 7 24 27 

Darfngton 16 4 4 8 17 Z7 

Bury 17 3 6 8 20 25 

Ftotheiham 18 4 311 16 30 

Port Vtoe 17 3 5 9 23 29 

Wood ft 

JtouryJ. Leyton Wingate 2 Walton and H 
? ■ we mbiay 2 Postponed: 

v Lewes: Staines 


a. Vauxbafl Mans 1; Haringey 
Rj ^W°f« , 1on 2: Hamel Hempstead?. 
^ Hertford ^ Chesftam V. 

Rovers ft 

Honrtratwjrch SL Wtero ft Letctiworth GC 3. 
«w*j»ft .Ronton 1. Colter Row & 
SS°2 S«**mw Soute Baratead Atfi ft 

t fo g1 5 2 - Cro wn and Manor i; 

Beaconsftekt Pennarit v WaWtemSbev. 

ARTHURIAN LEAGUE — Pramtardfoiatop. 
Old Reptontons 2 Old CtrigweUans 0. 
first dWton: i Old Forw»ra2™ Old 
Harrovians 1: Old WtAngburtans 4. Old 

Aldanhamiana 3; CU Westminstero 1 . Old 

Owens 5. 

dMdom Arsenal 2 Tottenham 3: Chariton 

1. wist Ham 2 Fulham 1, Cambridge V 

IpBWKftJS. Chetsea 3: Nornch 2 Gno 
ham 2 Portsmouth 0. MHwafl ft Southend 

2 Orient 1; Watford 4. OPR q. Second 

dvWjn Brighton 2. Crystal Pataca 4. 

Ro«*ng 2 Southend 1. wsmbfodan 2 
Bournemouth 2_ 

Brantham 1. Thettana ft Bury ft Coi- 
eftester 2 Clacton 3, Chatteris ft Ely City 
- 1 .- 4: Fefixstowe 2 WSsSh^ 
Hanmtfi end P 6, Goneston 1; Histon ft 
Gr eal Yar mouth ft March Town Q, Tgams 
ft Newmarket ** — “ •• — 

Rovere 2 

First dtvtoJon: _ 

Hartfepoo 1 4; Ftaryha 3.Uratna 3; Ryhope 
CA 0. Consea 2 Speimymoor 1. South 
Bank 1. Leagno Cap: Second round: 
Ashmgton 2 Crook 1; Nonhalanon 0. 
Easingtcn 2 Norton ft Gtesborough ft 
Whitby Town 1. Brandon 5. 

vtokn: B a rnstaple 2 WestorvataMr-Mare 
2 Btdetard 2 Plymouth Argyle 1; Bristol 
Manor Farm 4, Taunton 2 MeOcsham 2 
Braun City 1; Mtoehead 1, Frame 1: 
Pautton Rowers 2 Ctovedon 2 Saltash 5. 
Chard 2. “ - _ . 

wrkatO. Sudbury 2 Horan* 
2 Stawmarh* 6: Walton ft 

Bedtegtpn Tenters 1. 
rryhaftGfWnar “ ‘ 

ESSEX LEAGUE: Unm Cup: Second 

EK£,S fa 2 0n 

Wltham ft Brentwood 1. Second round 
raptoy: Bowers 2 Stenstad 3. Senior 
Mctloee Chelmsford ft Halstead 1; East 
TJwrock 1 . Eion Manor 1: Fiord 1 . Camay 

Purfteej 4. Burnham 2 Fo a t puu c d : East 
Ham v WoodtortL 

Buracough 4. NethertieW 1. Curran 
Ashton 2. Cfitheroo 2: Eastwood Hanley 1. 
Pennth i; Fleetwood 0, Accrington Stan- 
ley 0: Iriam Town 1. Cbngtoton 4. Leek 1. 
Bootle 1; Leytand Motors ft Stttybridge 
cattle 3; Radcfifle Borough 2 St Helens?- 
Rossendaie 4, Gtosaop 1, Winstord 2 

Premier dMttore Ai m B io rp u Wetf aro 2. 
Bntfilngton Trinity 2 Betper 1. Guteiey 1; 
Bentley VW 3. Har ro gate ft Bridlington 
Town 1. Long Eaton 1: Brtgg 1. Denabyl; 
Eritley a Eastwood 1; Faratoy Celtic 5. 
Bosun 2 Pontefract Cols 2 Sutton i : 
Thacktoy 0. AHriKon Z 

Cur Second roond: Hastings 4. Burgess 
HilO: Haywa r ds Heath t . tx?f 

ft Mid ixast and E 3. Hassocks 1; 
Oakwood 1. Newharan 1; Seatord 1. 
Pegnam t: Shorahom 4. Ltttte Common 
AiSon 4; Whkshawk3. Steymog4; Wk±3. 
Hstaham 2. 





Quean oTSlh 









PW D L F A Pts 
2212 5 5 32 20 29 
2212 4 6 38 25 28 
2210 6 7 41 29 3 
22 711 4 38 32 25 
22 7 9 B 32 32 23 
22 9 4 9 29 28 22 
22 7 8 7 34 34 22 
22 8 5 9 32 28 21 
22 511 6 28 27 21 
22 6 8 8 30 32 20 
22 7 312 24 41 17 
22 3 514 18 40 11 

The points seemed safe after 
71 minutes when Tynan sup- 
plied a perfect finish to a slick 
move involving Matthews, 
Clayton and Hodges. However, 
a scoring lob from Oldham's 
Futcfaer threatened to halt 
Pilgrims’ progress. 

fl Ftocher. M AMgan. 

Scottish second tfivision 

1 Albion R 

ManmrisfiettTfcSaira^Aiti * Radaock: 
T orrtngtonr Chippenham. 


■ 2 teunds ft S end L COrtw ft 


Green 1. 

Spencer 2; Stotfoid 

Premier cfivUhju. Abtegdon 1. Pegasus 
Jnrs h Moreton 1, Thame 2 Hourwfcyl. 
Monts Motors 1; Penhffl 2 Abandon ft 
Reyners Lane 4. Ynto ft Shonwood ft 

?m5a’i'3iisiKS‘- F - taa 

2 Ayr 

1 E Stiffing 
6 aimi in n i 

2 RrthR 
2 SSrOngAta 

17 8 8 1 89 22 24 
1710 3 4 31 12 23 
1710 2 S 30 25 22 
17 9 4 4 28 24 25 
1710 2 5 27 24 22 
17 8 5 4 21 12 21 
17 6 7 4 27 25 19 
17 5 8 6 23 20 16 
17 4 7 6 24 27 15 
17 8 3 8 21 26 15 
1? 3 5 B 22 30 11 
17 3 410 15 29 10 
17 4 211 20 37 10 
17 1 810 12 27 8 

WELSH {^-nrfrdround: Barry 2. Briton 
gnrty. 1 ; Optoryn Bay 1. Caernarfon 1; 
Brymta Staateorka ft FMngton ft 
Brecon 1, Abaryswyth 1. 

SMWNOf y BUSH LEAGUE: Bangor 4. 
Datfiery 1; Coteakie 1. Gfenavon i- 
Crowder s 1, Carrick ft Lame 1. 
affiance ft LMMd 1. Oentoran ft 
Mewry ft Ards ft Portadown 1, BaByrnwa 



MW-TVANT LEAGUE: WMton 3, Hyde 1. 

BaaconsB< *l L Buckingham 3. 

COUNTY MATCH: Narthumbertend ft 
Durham l (at Bfyth). 

Olsen’s award 

_ Copenhagen (AFP) — Morten 
Olsen, Denmark’s World Cop 
captain, has been elected Danish 

player of the year, succeeding 
Michael Laudrap. It was Olsen's 
second award, his first coming 
three years ago. 

Milk Cup, seven FA Cop) at the 
same stage last season. 

This season’s 72 League 
sendings-off are made up of 12 
in the first division, 16 in the 
second, 20 in the third, and 24 in 
the fourth. 

Power plus 
a bonus 
for Kendall 

By David Powell 

Perhaps Alex Ferguson will 
now concede that Manchester 
United are not going to win the 
championship, u his suggestion 
shortly after bis appointment 
was .deserving of no more than 
ridicule, it now merits a Mack 
mark. While United were 
humiliated at Wimbledon, the 
real championship contenders 
looked all the more 

The six now heading the race 
all won but it was a fixture *R^ -g: G Crudgmgton: G 

which had no direct effect on the !S£j MaSSS; KH^^Tc^te 

the success of Power against his JL*xgh an - g vnatams. R Palmer, a' 

former club, was not enough to bSSJLIib^ 

delight Howard Kendall, be 
discovered after Everton’s 3-1 
win at Manchester City that 
Reid, Bracewell and Stevens 
bad come through an A team 

None of the England trio has 
played in the first team this 
season but Everton none the less 
occupy fourth place. Their tri- 
umph in Manchester was in- 
duced by Power, who was 
considered surplus to City’s 
requirements in the summer 
and left Maine Road for 

Power scored in between a 
brace from Heath. “I really 
didn’t know what to do or how 
to react,” be said, embarrassed. 

“If it had been a more vital 
situation I would probably have 
regretted scoring.” 

Embarrassment has been die 
key word in Coventry City's 
defence this past week. Knocked 
out of the Litdewoods Cup by 
three Molby penalties for Liver- 
pool last Wednesday, they gave 
him another on Saturday. Poor 
Qgrizovie. His telepathy took 
the day off again. Alter sending 
three penalties to Ogrizo vic's 
left in midweek, Molby struck 
this one to his rigbL Liverpool 
won 2-0 to stay third. 

LotoaTown are fifth, their 1-0 
defeat of Charlton Athletic com- 
ing courtesy of Mark S tein. 

Chariton supporters who were 
denied admission were invited 
to watch a recording on video. 

After .five successive league 
defeats and a dub record low 
crowd in midweek, it was not 
the box office success of the 

Wimbledon 1 

Manchester United........ 0 

It was a weird feeling, going 
back to Plough Lane, where 30 
years ago I had played in the 
lefhmfan Leagof, yet now to 
watch Manchester United in the 1 
first division. Not orach had 
ri p m ewi, it seemed tome: other 
than, sadly. United. 

Ted Croker, in a sense, is 
right. Wimbledon ought to have 
no place in the first dnisrao. Yet 
if standards hi the Football 
League have declined, and 
Wimbledon in the space of only 
nine years have by their own 
enterprise been able to exploit 
the decline in order to move from 
bottom to top, neither the FA 
secretary nor anyone else can 
deny them their achievement. 
We must instead lament the 
standard of the League, of 

Had a passing Venezuelan, 
say, looked over the wall on 
Saturday, be might well have 
coadnded without the aid of a 
programme that the dashing 
team in bine was Manchester 
United. That would assume, of 
course, that he was naive of 
tactics and did not recognize 
Wimbledon's basic boet-aod- 
clxase concept as the Identifica- 
tion doe. 

The only sign of alleged 
ari s tocracy within United's 
ranks came from Olsen, a Dane, 
ami for entertainment it was just 
as pleasurable to watch the tail 
Fairweather causing embarrass- 
ment to the right flank of (he 
visiting defence. Apart from the 
last 20 minute*, when Bryan 
Robson had replaced foe light- 
weqsht-as-ever Peter Barnes and 
there were a few retaliatory 
. attacks. United had never been 
worthy of a draw. 

It had been an average perfor- 
mance of average individuals, 
shaken out of any composure by 
a team whose style is for the 
most part ap p ropr i ately in keep- 
ing with foe name of their home. 
Hodges and Downs steamed 
around in mirffirfd like shire 
horses, calculating and simulta- 
neously dnmsy of tackle; foe 
back four seldom kicked a ball 
less than 30 yards provided they 
could connect: and Beasant, a 
most capable shot-stopper be- 
tween foe posts, per si ste n tly 
tried to hoof the ball into the 
next borough. Fashanu, Fair- 
weather and little Wise provided 
the craft. 

It has always been tree that 
the better players in non-Leagne 
or senior amateur football conid 
the gap to the first 
This was proved years 
ago by such players as Robb 
(Finchley and Spurs), Lewis 
(Walthamstow and Chelsea), 
Bradley (Bishop Auckland and 
Manchester United), more re- 
cently Devonshire (Hounslow 
and West Ham). 

Vince Jones is the latest, 
recently joining Wimbledon 
from WeaMstone in the GM 
Vanxhall Conference. Three 
minutes before half-time 
Fashann forced one of many 
comers, Hodges put the ball 
over, and Jones rase to bead a 
fow goal past a defence which 
seemed to have its mind already 
on the next train North. 

Jones is nothing spectacular, 
just a goodisb contemporary 
footballer. What he does is to 
emphasize that foe likes of 
Manchester United are now 
largely dependent on foe same 
sources of moderate material as 
non-Leagne teams; either paying 
through foe nose for those who 
surface in foe Football League 
with a little extra, such as 
Moses, or mat uring their own, 
snch as Blackmon. 

Tree, United had Straehan 
and foe only slightly better- 
than-average Whiteside sitting 
on the bench recovering from 
“U’ury, bat foe days are gone 
when United or any dub can 
dazzle us with natural talents 
discovered, as they nsed to say, 
amend foe pithead. 

The Charitons and Laws are 
not to be found, the boys who 
learned to trap and swerve and 
dribble in the back streets no 
longer exist. Mr Croker must 
accept that in the scramble for 
what is left, Wimbledon, even 
with little money at homely 
Lane, have as much 
as anyone of 
some original talent 
WWBLEDON: D O o s ant ; J Kay, N 
Wjnwrtxim, V Jones. B Gayta. A Ttoxn, □ 

J Fasfla,W ' W Do*"*, c 

Swgwj*. M Duxtxjry. R Moses. P 
M c&gBt. K Moran. J Oteon. G Btacfcrnora, 

F Retort, p Davenport P Bwnes (sub: 
d Hobson). 


Never mind the quality 

By Simon CTHagan 

Mill wall.- - 





Getting into the first division 
is rather like joining the Foreign 
Legion. Nobody asks you about 
your background, 
portant thing ' 
the most of your 
once you are there. 

If Portsmouth finall y gain 
promotion this season, after 
seizing up when so dose to 
success at their last two at- 
tempts, they will not care to be 
reminded about matches tike 
this one. AU that will have 
mattered is that they came away 
with a point. The rest is best 

You have u> sympathize with 
Portsmouth's predicament. 
Anything less than promotion 
this season would be regarded 
not merely as failure; the club 
might actually start to believe 
that, tike Tantalus, they are to be 
forever denied the prize that 
always seems to be within their 

Such pressures take their toll 
on a team, and at The Den on 
Saturday Portsmouth declared 
tneir intentions against poten- 
tially awkward opposition .by 
nekunjt a five-man defence and 
using the rest of their outfield 
players to get stuck in - often 
literally on a muddy pitch — in 
midfield. It was hardly surpris- 

ing that MiUwaii, with a team 
that is long on youthful vigour 
but short on guile, found' it 
pretty hard going, as did most of 
the spectators. 

However, with 71 minutes 
gone and the match apparently 
beading towards the grimmest 
of goalless draws, MiUwall in 
foe form of Salmon, at last 
wind some space on the left, 
when the cross came over, 
Shenngham got to it first and his 
header flashed inside the near 

Portsmouth’s plans lay in 
ruins and for the remainder of 
the match we had a glimpse of 
what a forte they can be going 
forward as they set out to 
perform a quick salvage opera- 
tion. Three goals could have 
come almost immediately: 
State had a header tipped over 
Dy Home and another scooped 
gff ““ Jtite by McLeary and 
Hilaire hit a post 

Having survived that on- 
slaugfat, it looted as if Mfllwall 
would hold out. But their nerve 
toiled them m the last minute 
when Coleman, the left back, 
contrived to deposit the ball at 
the feet of Dillon and. to 
Portsmouth’s profound relief, 
he drove tt into the comer of the 

6 Home; K Stawnp. N 
L Braey. A waBwr. A McLaay. 

k Sp , !L“ T*.«siwh. 

£ Bake. fGfcn K Bait. M 










Jad by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

Magnificent Men 

elioR, going 
*, where 30 : 
ayed in the , 

yet now to • 

Jnited in the ~ 
much had' 
to me: other 

a sense, is 
night to have / 
division. Yet ' 
the Football 
rdmed, and 
space of only 
t»y their own 
ale to exploit 
'to move from 

either the FA 
,’one else can 

A lament the 
: League, of 

g Ven e z ue l an , 

• the wail on 
ghl well have 
it the aid of a 
. the dashing 
is Manchester 
mid assume, of 
was naive of 
not recognize 
asic bocr-and- 
s the identifica- 

ign of alleged 
ilhin United's 
a Olsen, a Dane, 
ament it was just 
to watch the tall 
jsing embarrass- 
ght flank of the 
Apart from the 
cs. when Bryan 
placed the iight- 
Petcr Barnes and 
few retaliatory 
A had ne'er been 

in awnpc pe Hor- 
n-age- individuals. 

am oimpovurc by 
. style is for the 
topfiatelv in keep- 
tme of rheir home. 

[Downs steamed 
itdfkld like shire 
ating und >:mulL3- 
tsv of tickle: the 
Aotn kicked o ball 
raids provided ih*> 
% and Bcasjm. a 
c sboi-sto?^ f ?«.- 

posts, persistently 

f iht- ball mu* the 

little Wtsiffe. id’, d 

• The preface to Brian Johnson's 
documentary series Test Pilot 
(BBC1, 8.00) which gets off the 
ground tonight m an exeptionaUy 
smooth take-off. is a quote by a 
late 19th century German aviator, 
and it is to the effect that designing 
a flying machine is nothing, but 
testing it is everything. What 
Johnson does not say in the film 
(though he does mention, it in his 
profusely illustrated book which 
BBC Publications have put put to 
piark the series' l aunchin g) is that 
the airman, Otto Libenthal, was 
subsequently killed while testing a 
prototype, bis last words being 
“Sacrifices must be made". It is 
devoully to be hoped that none of 
the IS young pilots (including a 
German) whose 10 arduous 
months of training are the stuff of 
Johnson’s series, will be similarly 
fpiipri on to make the ul tim a t e 
sacrifice as they push their fixed- 

630 Ceetax. 

630 News headlines foUowed by 
The Rmtstones. Cartoon, (r) 

635 Weather. 

730 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough. SaOy Magnusson, and 
Jeremy Paxman. National and 
International news at 730, 
730, 8.00, 8.30 and 9.00; 
regional news, weather, and 
traffic bulletins at 7.15, 735 
and 8.1 5; weather at 735, 7 35 
and 835. „ 

630 Watchdog. With Lynn Faulds 
Wood andJohn Stapleton. 
835 Regional news and 
weather 9.00 Mows- 
935 Day to Day. Robert Kflroy Sffic. 
a studio audience, and guests, 
discuss 'do dothes realty 

matter?* 935 Oi» in Four. 
Isobel Ward introduces this 

Schofield with birthday 
greetings and news of 
children's television 
nroorammes 1030 Ptey 


wing and rotary-win^cd flying 
machines beyond their normal 
limits. What we see of their 
exploits tonight (parachuting a 30- 
ton dumper out of a Hercules, and 
ref uelling a VC10 in mid-air, for 
example! win cause you to feel 
most relieved when they are safely 
back at their school desks, learning 
about linear differential equations 
and being told by their instructor 
that, although tire author’s name 
on the Mathematics for Engineers 
text book is Dull, no student can 
put it down once he has picked it 

• Because this week's film in the 
documentary series Nurses is 
called Picking Up the Pieces 
(BBC2, 10.00pm), and because it 
is set in a hospital accident and 

150 ^nassnb 

Daniete 430 The Mysterious 
CStiM rt Goirt Anknateji^ 
adventure senes. 435 Jenny 
Brims. Drama serieL 

emergency unit, I feared tire worst. 
In the event, there are no severed 
limbs. Instead, there is a fun (and 
fully expected) quota of bashed- 
about bodies, smashed face s, and 
stomach' pumps. “It’s a pretty 
bloody sort of place*, ays charge , 
nurse Mike Walsh, a sentiment 
which gets visual confirmation 
every couple of minutes or so. 
Lto last week’s Open Space 
documentary about the casualty 
unit at Whipps Cross, 
LeytoDStone, tonight’s film about 
Bristol Royal Infirmary records so 
many examples of tire violent 
things that people do to them- 
selves that it is horribly logical 


535 Blue Pater. A4 m launch 
their new video, Cry Wolt. 

inai at? uiauj .. ~ r - 

to the nightmare by assaulting the 
medical staff and smashing up tire 

• Best of the rest on TV tonight 
Yugesh Watia’s Make Your Own 
vitolaiannel 4, 6.00pm) tells us 

835 The Week 
938 Daytime on Two: the Pre- 
Vocational Education course 
1030 For four- and five-year 
olds 10.15 A musW version of 
1038 Living on a Scottish cron 
11 30 Firtend's winter (estivate 
1132 Writing tor an audtance. 
1135 Ther^oiBbetofeofthe 

•kMininK i9MTne eauavw 

how to make home movte with- - -'l 

out gjvii$ the rest of the family a .• m ' t IKl ■ '■ i... 

headache or bringing on a severe . . ; gfEjgP ■ ' ■: :: : 

attack of the fidgets; and Antenna 

(BBC2, 8.10pm) is a pitot for a ' ' 

new science series which, non- ^ 
scientific colleagues tell me ts as 
much concerned with flesh and 
blood as it is with nuts and bote- 
• Radio choice: New Records 

Davalle ones, .a* =bbci 


■asa«iis SS3t 

AS London except ; 11 Mm 


1030 AngSa Reports 11J» 


6.15 TV- 

TV-anc Good Homing Britain 

presented by Anne Diamond 
and Geotf made. News wBh 
David Foster at 630. 730, 
730, 830, 830 and 930; 
financial news at 635? sport at 
630 and 730s exercises at 
635 and 9-17; cartoon at 735; 

t EE. uiH limmu 

Bill Oddle as an ex-tank 
manager who has taken to me 

535 Mastafteam. 

630 Mews with Sue Lawtey and 
Nicholas Witched. Weather. 

635 London Phis. 

7J1# |BSg!SSfiiV- 

Daly. Tom Conti. Michwi 

Alderman, and Rabbi Lionel 

735 TlwGoldanOldSeaiPItaire 
Show. Famoushit songs of the 
past made Into videos Dy 
various flbn makers. 

830 Test HtoL Programme onerf 


the Empire TestPftotssStaool 
at Boscombe Down, watshlre. 

of thesexes 1 2-28Ceefaa 
1230 Under-age dnnkxig and 
society's attitudes to alcohol 
135 Micro Hie 138 Wortang m 
the famfly business 2.00 
Words and ptotures 2.15 A 
chBd's view of the history of 
the Surrey Docks. 

235 Sign Extra. A repeat of 


VOW""' 5 I ~ .“j 1 

tor the hearing Impared. 

330 Snow Journeys. A tourney by 
uiAh rv AbM 

Greaves’s television ttighfigms 
at 835. The After Nine gusarts 
Include Elite Lane and child 

care expert Penelope Leach. 

935 Thames news headlines. 

930 The Terms Ahead. A preview 
of schools programmes: 
understanding emotions 9-41 
Maths -the number 6 932 

9 K£ 5 i 5 SSR-i 

prepare their own newspaper 

1038 How light reassures. 

5.15 Bloc kb usters. 

535 News with Alastair Stewart 
630 Thames news 
635 HdplWv Taylor Gee with 
community action news. 

635 Crossroads. Ataoreh 

customer upsets the stair ana 

l. u. u.& Dalit, Ror 


MM -me Late Late Show. Lora- 

nairting music and tart shewr 
from Dublin, introduced by Gay 

Uroup U wwu ra - . . 

nuree tutor a radiopharmaast 
a teacher, and a sales rep. 

1035 Five to Eleven. Fulton Mackay 
with a thought for the day. 
11.00 Going to Pot A guide to 
indoor plant keeping. [r» 

i Three Up, 

Two Down. 

meet tneir 

1235 Domesday Deteetho*. Team 
quiz competition with 
questions about Britain. The 
first of a new serm. 

Reqional news and weather. 

i.06 omo-ciociii*w«*J> 

230 fte Clothes Show. Seftna 
Scott visits Ctaks me 
shoemakers; Jane Lo^^^, 
investigates the pros and cons 
of fashion clothes buying by 
post; and Claire Rayner shows 
off her wardrobe to Jeff 

2.30 The Onedhi Lme. Episode 

six and fire breaks out aboati 
the Charlotte Rhodes. (Q 33 0 


. comedy series starring VaJerle 


mo agjnategg"* 

John Humptwys. Regional 
news and weather. 



African policy. 

iaib Fftet Secrets of a Hartid 
Man (1982) starring WBtem 
- Shatner, Cytoa Sh epheriLan d 
Michele PhUips. Amde-w- j 
fetoviston drama about a man I 
who seeks consolation m 

company of a prostitute when 

the sexual side of hte marriage 
is unfulfilled- Directed by 
WHKara A Graham. 

1135 Rhoda. Ida te convtotadttat 

Martin is having an affair ana . . 

asks Rhoda to see if she can 
; ■ • .discover ttie truth. (0 
12.10 Weather. _ . 

t * . v . V ITS". ; ■ 

, ^ 

- . ■ 

W" .■k.M 

■ : 

vffliams and ffis Eskkno mend 
Enaviaui as the good do ctor 
visits a number of his patients 
hi hte quarter ofamfflton 
square mite practice. (r) 83S 

Regional news and weather. 

430 Pamela Armstrong. 

435 BteumTsWonderM Wooden 

Toys. Richard Btizzard buflds a 

530 Domesday Detectives. A 


530 Beethoven Plano Sonata. • 

Alfred Brendel plays ; 

Beethoven's Sonata m cminor, 
6J6.3SlMLcta.inl.™;-* ■ 

A secret service agent® 

murdered when he eaboutto 
inform Chan of the Identity of a 
saboteur who te plantar to 

btow up the United States fleet 

as it steams through jhatanal. 
Dherted by Norman Faster. 

735 SterohotTwo p«Kelflbn|y 
men's teams competam tr» 

. first ciay-pigeori shooting wiai 

tortile Budwmisar Trophy. 


are In the studio to question ■_ 

Lord Fitt. _ ' 

8.10 Antenna, introduced by Dr 
Susan Biackmore. Roger MBne 
investigates the p robte ms 
faced when dismantling 
Britain’s otaoteta nuclear 

How light reassures 
children 10.0 Life in the erty. 

Wattoo Wattoa Cartoon. 

1230 Atarah's Music. Tommy the 
Trumpet (r) 12.10 Let’s 
Pretend to the story of The 
Brothers Who Missed Then' 
Bus Every Day 1230 Baby and 

Co. Dr Miriam Stoppard 

discusses the proWemsand 

130 NewsatOnewftiiL^i^d 

Parkin includes the first of five 

weekday itemsonthe 
problems of Aids 130 Thames 

139 ^WatoflDantoCWg. . 
starring Leonard Rossiter. A 
- luIMength feature based on the 

successful comedy series 
about Rigsby, a seedy 
landlord, and his tenants - two 

students, and the lovely Miss 
Jones. Directed by Joe 
McGrath. 335 Thames news 
headfines 330 The Young 

I BCUIW> ■M" ■ — — - 

Masters of the Umyerse. ■ 
Animated soencafiction ^ 
adventures. 435 From 
Top. Comedy series starring 

GtonaToao-iuracwi _ , 

830 Executive Stress. The final 
episode of the comedy senes 
starring Geoffrey Palmer and 
Pena tops Keith. 

830 World mAction: A Surprise 
Wftness. Now evidence which 
could lead to the re-operang of 

the case against the six men 
convicted I3years ago for the 

Birmingham ptabombm^ 

which claimed 21 lives and 
injured 162 more. 

930 RSm: Contract on Cherry 
Street (1977) starring Frank 
Sinatra and Martin Balsam. 
Thriller about a New York 
detective who vows revenge 
on ‘The Mob’ when a member 
of his family is murdered after 
refusing to payprotetaon 
money. Directed by wnUarnA 
Graham, (continues after the 

1030 News at Ten. Weather, 
followed by Thames news 

1030 FBm: Contract on Cherry 
Street continued. 

1130 Labyrinth Royal Prenw we. 

Nick Owen and Anne Diamond 
are at the Odeon. Leicester 

Square to set the scene as the 

Prince and Princess of Wales 
attend the opening of Jim 
Hen son’s fantasy turn. 
Labyrinth. . 

12.15 Tales from the Darttwde; In 
the Cards. The sadness 

surrounding a fortune teller's 
magical dear of cards. 

1230 Nigra Thoughts. 

330 irfeh Angle. The pnwano^ 
of fostenng. a Possible 
solution to a numbw mtoe« 

4,000 children ayearthrtcoma 

under the care of the State. 

4 JXJ Mavis on 4. Mavis Nichoson 
who appear later this evening 
in ttie seS, A 
Aqnes McLean. Rote Roy? 8 
sinkeleader; Hetty Fowter, 
ambulance semce:and Joan 
Shake shah, land girt. 

430 gSffiS3S» 

Glenys Bachelor, a nm*« 
resemta interviewer from 

Grampian Television Trophy- 

Presented by Robbie 

mo ssssrtsssgS, 

the United States, Europe, and 


6J» SSSttaOtaW*—'" 


from the video camera, jufoea- 




CEWTBAL“!«* !.’SBSL Account 

CHANNEL SaasSggriShi 


GRAMPIAN KkSfflaSSii.n»- 


12JM Labyrinlh TZ45«n News 1Z50 

GRANADA KiggagSgata 

, ^ a !Eg£^£5£ : &&* 


TiOO ^phana Grappefli in Mew Orleans 
12J35i™ Closedown 

L^ Sniti 12.15am PoBtsaipL Ctosedowm. 

. .. nA 



SSSSS'iiSd uM> nasrn pw* 

■SS Company. CtoswJowm. 

TYNE TEES ^{ggamUict 

■n*w3 iJOpm taw8l^UMfcarourrf Mnrth- 

Anna Soubry visits the 

ek Country Museum to 

WhrtBiaw tacKHJs mo 
decisions concerning crrtcaHy 
ai babies. . . 

930 Cool H. Comedy series starring 
PhflGooL ^ t ■■ 

835 victoria Wood -AaSromon 
TV. Comedy sketches and 


1030 NuraM-PartfourottheMiws 
fo cuse s on the angels of the 
Accident and Bnwganqr 


Claire Tocman, w«Mnsf<>r «« ^ 


. , . 'a. .• • •«-. “ • 

Bteck Country Museum to 
shoot her first video. 

630 Write On. The BightiTaf^ 

Interest in letter wrttog^^ 

7.00 Channel 4 News with Peter 

Sissons includes a reportfrom 
Paris on the opensigrttite 
new museum, Musee d Orsay. 

730 Comment Wtahswewre cxi a 

matter of topical interest's 
Maz Harris, press officer tor 

HeU's Angels, England. 

an outbreak of food poisooing. 

830 ChancehiaMWortThe 

wedding day dawns with tire 
protective married couptem 

mepofice ceBs; the cake and 
in-laws in the sewer s; no b est 
man, bridesmaid, wedcang _ 

guests, or honeymoon. Last in 

me series. (Gr ade) , 

930 God's Choean Carpare, oy 
Lesley Bruce. A drama about a 
self-styled prophet, , n» 
daughter and her fiance, who 
holds m^it^ime . 

conference in an undermind 
carpark In North London , to ^ 

announce that a new Messian 

for a new age will appear 

Home FrontJOracte) 

1130 The EteventiiHounTumltUp- 
The first of a four-part sarto 
of films and videos made by 
and about young peopw- 
Tonight’s often ng was maoe 

by a group of 25 young_ , 
JSStiw mTdteson Award 

in 1984. Ends at 1235. 


ULSTER ?? ^^UMaHwiEfl on the 



HUP Herita ge from 

1145 Show&pras# 12.1SBB Maws. 


Music Box. . . 

HTV WEST ^aga^Sto. 







■<h .* -''t zs&t&c* I 

^medium wave). Stereo on 
wa on the half-hour from 

Dam until 830pm than at 1030 

he qua 


. |^ ’ j '' - II 

If SiSi;# 

jli ■ 

.T?* 1 • “ ... • : 

H -- : 

t- ~ 

sfiJ ' 


B!W : 7 r, /y> -• 


: a '' ^ 'S 

••• • .>.■ >■ • - m : 

Living amongst 
rotting food, 
excrement and 
dirty nappies. 
This is not a rat. 
It’s a child 
of 1 5 months. 

ltamlSSS 4 >»mi 730 iMfce 

rite's Breakfast Show 930 


iy Davi« 330 SteveWrtoW 

a Newsbeat (Frank Partncqa) 

IS Bruno Brookes 730 
lice Long 10JJO-12JM John Peel. 
IF stereo Ratfios 1 && 
nam As Radto z 1030pm As 

KSol. 1230330 am As 

tdio 2. 

635 weather. 730 News 
735 Conceit Bach (Slnget 
dem Harm eln neues 
lSd,BWV 225: Vienna 
PP°? an t , S. EWh 




Meiusina overture: LSO), 
VertS (Qwrttt hi iE nteor: 

Vermeer StnogOuartafi, 
ms _ iruaMe (mm 


'*v' •r'" tr! ‘■'.‘-'■'.''j.-?' 1 ’■ 

■ ■■ y''. -’ ' : '' r V: ' -L " 

if,' H. xzr** * 

I Child abuse doesn't always involve 
bruises and broken bones. The problem 
| of neglect can be just as harmful. | 

1 A IS month old child was recently j 
found living in conditions hardly more 
sanitary than a sewer- J 

Disowned by his parents, he spent | 
hk We amongst »* and rolAkh m a j 
I dingy Bat where even the roOet didnt ^ 

J ^Fortunately for him b * ^ a i ,0 f 1 | 

* came to the attention of the NSPCC. It . 

I can take X15.48 to protect a chfld for 

two weeks- . ■ . ™ . 

But donations of any wze wfll be j 

| gntcfully received. Tlbur generosity .roufd . 
SvTa child die chance to live like a 

I human being and not like a rat j 

I r“ l0rie G £ii.4sn i30.«»n xoiiflD 1 

^ixuniiD j 1 1 1 i xi | 

! . — MocAo%m»i*ni-w; I 

i Es^j ewr— I 


oore 730 DerekJamBwn 930 




way (Adcar BK and Parwnount 

dec Brtid) 1030 Star Sourwl 
loundtracK requests) 1L®> Brian 

latthew 130am CharfasNove 

38-430 A LtttiP Mtat Music. 


Oatow Budapest SO). 930 

90S Thb week's Ctomposws: 



577: Dresden State 
Opera Ordwsti®) 

1030 nuthGetaanpteno^ 


1045 cTfodyandCtiaiiMorc 



,,js i£a% 

wave), (sj Stereo on VHF 


arming- B35 Prayer (s) 

630 Today fod 630, 730, 
Business News 6^, 735 
Wbather. 730, B30 . 

News. 735, 835 Sport 7A5 
Thought for the Day 
835 The Week on 4. 

Wtfsh SO (under 

(Syrrohony No 3). 130 


...... ,..-v 

><r kVw- ■ • 

••• w -• ■ 



235 Music WaeWy-.wtm. 

Michael OSvrt.agudM 

. a conversation with «w 
composer York Holer, 


230 NewRecrtds W« 
[Esqulsse in E minor. Op 
ilSofjohn SctA; organ), 

Tanrtcoair(B^ior r- 

EUyAmeKi^: R3J#.ttoam 
selection, presented by 
jaremyStepma nn 
pyi Organ Music Arafrew 


Sfoenomfoe. Six Pi eceB 
No it Wtoan fjntraduction. 


735 Facts ana Ffetton: The 
work of the Scottish 
novettst Allan Massie e 


Hugh's Coflega, Oxford 

735 Waiter KBan: piano 

recteL Brahms (Seven 
Fantasias Op 1 16; Three 
Intermezzi, Op 117), 

Schtaert (Sonata te B flat, D 

930 The Voice from the 
Shrine: Russeti Davies’s 
{tocumamary about the 

Detroit parish pnrat 
Charles ECoughSn who 
tangered for Influence 
and power. The contributors 
include Donald Ramm, 

Don Warren, Nat Hentoff, 
and Maralyn Conway. 

1830 JazzTodw Charles Fox 
presents me fiecedents 

834 iwiSWcSnoremthBBBO 
Sound Archives. 837 
Weather; Travel 
9.00 News 

935 Start the Week wdh 
Richard Baker (s) 

1030 News; Money ,S<w. 
Presented by Louise 

Botting _. 

1030 Morning Story: The 

Hounds of Fate by SakL 
Read by David March 
1035 The Dafty Santee 

Advent Catendamta 
Savery of Sin (New Every 
Morning, page l)(s) 

1130 News; Travel; Down 
You’ Way. Brian . 
Johnstone visits Buden 

: 1138 poetry PteaseL 

Listenere’ requests, 
presented by Kevin 
readers are Gertfrey Colins 
and EBzabeih BelL 

1238 News; You and Youra. 

Consumer affairs 
1127 Top of the Form. Final of 

Mia rafi mnuHrin (Wieral 

Stortes. Romance and 
murder In the world of 


430 Kaleidospope A OTCOnd 
chance » hear last 
Friday night's 


comment on Carmen at the 
CoBseum, and the Faoer 
Book of Contemporary 
American Poetry 

“"USsSwSta 0 

630 News; Rnanoai repwi. 

630 Radio Active. Backcnat 

730 iSews 

735 The Archers 

730 On Your Farm 

7.45 Science Now. With Peter 

EvansXhscoveries and 

Oevmopments from the 
world's leading 

8.15 Scottish Drama. CHy 
Mackenzie. With John 
McGJyrm. Hr lay Weteh. 
and Tom Watson m the cast 
Political fantasy set toan 

imaginary city with a ghetto 

dum that nobody is 
allowed to toave4s) 

945 Kaietdoscope. tndud^ 

GWs and Wicked Women 

(edited by AngBla Cartel 
and a preview twMtchael 
Bakeweil of Six Figures, 
on Radio 3 

10.15 A Book rt Bedtime: A 

schools, with Tim 
Gudgin and Paddy Feany, 

435 News 

530 Mainly for Pleasure: 
recorded music 

FREGlffiNCf£&tedto1|l K3k 

925; Radio 4: 200kH2/1500m: 

m 1 1 iaaAu. uur 04 A> Wml 

(under Voter 
Wangenhitn}. Mozwt 
(overture and baBet 
nwslc, Les petite nens) 
Cto 43 Noll Haydn 

1137 News. IS 

Ratio 4, 630pm) 1236 

130 The WorW rtOne: News 
1.40 The Archers. 135 

230 News-Woman’s Hour 
with Jermi Murray. 

Chosing Christmas books for 
children. WHhJufla 
Ecdeshare and Tony 
Bradman. Also episode 
five of Dalene Mathee’s 
dreles In a Forest, read 
by Sean Barrett 
330 News; Scottish Drama. 

LSSSSgHoSert freely 

adapted by Hector 
MacM Ban. Starring John 


browbeaten hu^iend who 
becomes the sut^ect of a 


I 4-15 The Dung Dtec^ 
Operative and omer 


1830 The Worid Tonight 
11.15 he Finanaal World 

1130 Todfflf hi Pasmment 
1230 News; Weather. 

^ teJJSiSe in England and 
SWales only) as above 
except 535-6.flp«i* 


1230 For StaooteJ130 
Music Makers 1130 
Let s Move! H1UQM 
Music Box (s) 1138 See 

For Yourself. 1^K-330pm 



Tune Broadcasting \s) 

and Miracle. 

9Z5* KaotO 4: zuuxn Zi lauum. »nr-w-«, 

VHF && World Service: MF 648kHz/. 

i'1089kHz/275m: Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Ra 
S; lSwi52kHzC6lm: VHF 973; Capitab l54^Hz/194nr. 

dtoS: 1215WJ 





Border stands in England’s way 

From John Woodcock 
Cricket Correspondent 

As it did at Brisbane, the 
rest day tails conveniently for 
England's bowlers in the sec* 
ond Test match. For having 
bad yesterday in which to 
recharge their batteries, they 
will have that much better a 
chance of making Australia 
follow on, should they wish to. 

When play ended on Sat- 
urday, Australia, with four 
first innings wickets in hand, 
still needed 84 to make Eng- 
land bat again; but Border is 
still there, 81 not out 

Reduced to 66 for nine the 
previous weekend by New 
South Wales, England lad 
declared on Saturday evening 
at 592 for eight despite the 
two batsmen who have been 
playing best on the tour. Lamb 
and Botham, failing to score. 


Tyneside lays 
on television 
thrashing for 
West Ham 

Feeding the lion: Botham, his paws dosing tightly, shows his keeper the slip as he leaps and laps op the wicket of Matthews, die folk hero of Australia 

«»=-*- -w * * — »- £ *— * u -' ,A - * 1 -- : — * to Athev. harem™ tor. to he strictlv good deal more of the strike 

41-6-126-0. C 0 
M a tthawa 28.1-4-112-3, Reid «WM154, 
W«wh 24-4-90-0, G R J Matttwvfl 34-3- 

AUSTRALIA: Hffit hrnfnga 

Q R Marsh c Broad fa Botham 15 

PCBowbWw ■ ■■ 2 

S R Wtagh c Bonara b Emburey _ 71 

DM Jones e AOny b Edmonds 27 

'A R Bader mt oat 81 

G MRttcbie c 8c4hnu b Edmonds— 33 
GR JMMOmsc Botham bDBiiy. 45 

ft J Zoaftrer not out — IS 

Ettraa (fe 9, R> 3, ife 9) 20 

Total (6 wfcts) 309 

G F Lawson, C D Matthews and B A Raid 
to bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-4, 2-64, 3-114, 4- 

UOWLMG no datofc Botbam 16-3-50-1; 
Dffley 17-2-60-2; Emtwrcy 36-601-1; 
DeFmitss 16-2640; Edmonds 20-4-53- 

When Australia then lost 
three wickets on Saturday 
afternoon for only 88 runs, 
and went in to tea at 202 for 
five, there was a fair chance of 
their being bowled out before 
the dose. 

But Border was playing 
soundly and Matthews helped 
him in a useful stand of 81. 
and in the last few minutes of 
the day a couple of untidy 
overs try Emburey, costing 16 
runs, took further pressure off 
Australia- The pilch is still 
good enough to be a testament 
to the curator’s skill. Although 
new, it has lasted welL 

Saturday's disappointing 
crowd (11,563) could be 
attributed to various factors. 
The visit of the Pope was one 
(there is hardly a racecourse in 
Australia that His Holiness is 

not now filling); there was also 
a threat of morning rain, and 
Austr alia had had two bad 
days in a row. Before lunch 
only Richards made do with- 
out a sweater, there being a 
strong cross-breeze. Those 
present saw an excellent 
morning's cricket in which 
England took Marsh's wicket 
and thought they had at least 
one more. 

Waugh batted for long 
enough and well enough to 
show why, even outside his 
native state of New South 1 
Wales, there are those who 
believe he has a rare talent He 
is compact full of strokes and 
alert and enterprising between 
wickets. With only 200 runs 
from his previous 15 Test 
innings, and being no great 
shakes as a medium-paced 
bowler, he was playing for his 
place and he managed to do so 

Predictably enough, the 
batsmen were less at ease 
against England's spinners 
than their faster bowlers. In 
his first over, after 40 minutes' 
play. Emburey could scarce 
contain himself when Marsh 
was not given leg-before to his 
arm balL As fate would have 
it Marsh then hooked a long 
hop from Botham hard and 
low to backward short leg. 
where Broad, fielding perhaps 

15 yards from the bat held a 
fast-travelling ball low and 

By luuch (1(4 for two), 
Jones, encouraged by one fine 
cover drive for four off 
Emburey, played from down 
the pitch, bad begun to gain 
confidence for the first time in 
the series. 

Although not quite die 
bowler he was when, with the 
heart and strength of a lion, he 
took 1 1 wickets in England's 
first post-Packer Test at Perth 
in 1979-80, Botham could well 
have had Jones's wicket be- 
sides Marsh's, a dose thing for 
leg-before going the batsman's 

By now Emburey, having 
started with five men on the 
leg side, had moved one of his 
two short legs on to the off 
side, as though resigned to the 
ball not turning as much as be 
had hoped. In his only over on 
Saturday evening, he had spun 
one a good 18 indies but be 
was unable to find the same 
spot again. He has, in fact, 
bowled better and more ac- 
curately than he did on 

But with the first ball after 
lunch Emburey had Waugh, in 
two minds as to whether to go 
forward or back, caught at slip. 
Twenty minutes later Jones 
glanced Edmonds to leg slip. 

the ball just carrying to Alhey. 

Whereupon Ritchie came 
and again batted competently 
but without going on to play a 
long innings. He was unlucky 
to get a ball from Edmonds 
that lifted and turned, Botham 
lairing a sample slip catch. 
Ritchie’s scores in the series 
have been 41, 45 and 33. For 
the fifth wicket he and Bonier 
had added 70 in 85 minutes. ' 

So Border found himself 
running out of partners and in 
the familiar position of having 
the follow-on to worry about 
If he had one large slice of 
luck, perhaps it was in being 
given not out, not long before 
the dose, to Dflley, hit on the 
pads when playing no stroke. 
At the time Dilley was swing- 
ing the new ball an unusual 

Greg Matthews, a kind of 
folk hero in Australia, as much 
as anything because of his 
bravado, did his bit, and when 
he was well caught at slip by 
Botham, diving to his right, 
Zoehrer eased Border's bur- 
den through the last half-hoar. 
After keeping going wen for 
most of the day, England 
seemed to let up after tea — 
unconsciously, I am sure, but 
relevantly none the less. 

As kept happening in Eng- 
land in 1985, on English 
pitches, a couple of England's 

batsmen (or, to be strictly 
accurate, a batsman and bat- 
ting wicketkeeper) took runs 
off Australia's bowling on 
Saturday with almost indecent 

After he had been in for 
only a couple of balls Gower 
must have Mt that, if be did 
nothing stupid, he should pick 
up his fourteenth Test 100 and 
his fourth in his last eight 
innings a gains t Australia. 
They were just where he 
would have wanted them — on 
his legs but not on a length - 
and he helped them away for 
one and four. You could see at 
once his confidence and his 
interest return. 

Having come in when 
Gatling was caught in the 
gully after 15 minutes' play, 
Gower had matte 70 by lunch 
in only 77 bolls and found an 
eager partner in Richards, a 
fact which may mean some 
idle weeks for French. 

Richards has been let into 
the secret now that, if you 
want to enjoy yourself with 
the bat, it is easier to do so on 
a good pitch and in fine 
weather against the present 
Australian bowling than in the 
English county championship. 

Of the 116 runs England 
scored between lunch and tea 
on Saturday, Richards made 
75 to Gower’s 38, having a 

good dea l more of the strike 
and playing such strokes as 
even he may not have known 

England's sixth^wicket 
record against Australia of 21 5 
was only eight runs away 
when Gower mishit a short 
ball into, the covers. Richards 
was only two runs short of 
Knott’s 135, the highest score 
by a wicketkeeper in Tests 
between England and Austra- 
lia, when he was out, chasing 
runs before Gatting dosed the 

England’s total of 592 for 
eight declared is just about 
what Border must expect 
when be leads Australia into 
the field these days, whoever 
they are playing. In Australia 
last year India's first innings 
totals were 520, 445 and 600 
fbrfountedared. Earlier in the 
season New Zealand had de- 
clared at 553 for in Brisbane. 

A few weeks ago in Bombay 
India did the same at 517 for 
five, also against Greg Mat- 
thews, Reid and Waugh. In 
1985 England, at home, had 
totals of 533, 456, 482 for nine 
declared, 595 for five declared 
and 464 (after at one time 
bring 370 for one) At Brisbane 
a fortnight ago they made 456. 
I shall not go on, other than to 
say that things are not what 
they used to be. 

By a Correspondent 

Newcastle United — J 

Wes t Ham United- o 

Newcastle United took the 
classic route to goal as they 
turned the first division table 
on its head at St James’ Park 
yesterday. West Ham’s title 
ambitions were dented in a 
weekend when the rest of the 
top six won and Newcastle 
moved out of the bottom t hree 
for the first time in nearly 
three months. 

Willie McFaul’s side did it 
with four well-worke d goal s. 
all stemming from crosses 
pulled bade from on or near 
the byline. Andy Thomas 
scored two of them — his 
second double in successive 
matches — while Neil Mc- 
Donald and substitute Darren 
Jackson were also on target. 

Yet, while the goals were 
moments of genuine quality, 
this was a victory based on 
Newcastle’s aggression and 
deter minati on. It was all too 
much for poor West Ham, 
who relinquished the League's 
only unbeaten away record in 
a matter which must disturb 
manager John LyalL 

The Londoners arrived on 
Tyneside expecting just, an- 
other tough First Division 
match, but found themselves 
in the middl e of a cup-tic 
atmosphere. The build-up in 
Newcastle to the televised 
game had resembled an FA 
Cup semi-final, according to a 
bemused newcomer, Paul 
Goddard, the former West 
Ham forward. 

The atmosphere had clearly 
got to Newcastfe's players who 
never gave West Ham time to 
settle on the balL Their ap- 
proach was epftomized by full- 
back John Anderson who, in 
the early stages, trampled a 
team -male in bis determina- 
tion to tackle West Ham's Ray 

The crucial first goal arrived 
after 29 minutes, with Mc- 
Donald removing a favourite 
question from the sports quiz- 
zes of the North-East as be 
became the first Newcastle 
player to score a goal on live 
television since 1955. 

It was almost worth waiting 
for as Paul Stephenson accel- 
erated outside Stewart and 
crossed from the fine for 
McDonald to bead in - 

Those with long memories 
remembered George 

Hannah's effort 31 years ago; 
the younger ones preferred to 
recall Bobby Robson s drop- 
ping of Kevin Keegan from 
the England team. Robsoa 
was booed when he made a 
half-time appearance, but baa 
already seen enough of Peier 
Beardsley to feel content 

Beardslev save by far his 
best display of the season at St 
James' Paris, and, put through 
by Goddard in the 33rd 
minute, crossed for Thomas to 
score the second. Goddard, at 
the centre of so much of the 
pre-match publicity, was 
taken to hospital after a 
collision with George Parris 
and needed five stitches in a 
head wound. 

Parris, who insisted after- 
war ds that the clash was 

Beardsley delights 
England manager 

Bobby Robson joined in the 
praise for Peter Beardsley, the 
Newcastle United and Eng- 
land forward, after yesterday's 
match. The England manager 
said: “He was foe inspiration. 
He bad a great effect on foe 
match, but there were some 
good solid performances from 
others. That was one of foe 
best dob performances I've 
seen from Peter. He did some 
great things that mule thing * 
happen for his team." 

West Ham's manager, John 
LyalL admitted: “We were 
comprehensively beaten and 
second best in all departments. 
It was like being caught in a 

accidental, was booked. 
Darren Jackson, a £40,000 
buy from Meadowbank 
Thistle, replaced Goddard and 
went on to score Newcastle's 
third after 66 minutes from 
close range after Beardsley was 
the creator with a jinking, 
determined run to foe line. 

Ten minutes from time. 
Thomas added the fourth 
from Kenny Wharton’s cross. 
West Ham, by this stage, were 
a demoralized side — and 
nobody more than Tony 
Cottee, whose England chal- 
lenge to Beardsley was looking 

Anderson. K Wharton. D McCreary. P 
Jackson, G Boeder. M McDonald. A 
Thomas. P God dard (sub 0 Jackson). P 

WROT^&Mi^P^pSkfls" Ft Stewart G 
Pams. A Gaia. P HSton. A Devonshire. M 
Ward. F McAvanrw. A Dickens (sub p 
fnce). A Cottee. N Orr. 

Retain: K Hacked 


Portsmouth reach first final 

Portsmouth, foe dab seem- 
ingly destined to fall at the last 
hurdle be it football or basket- 
ball, overcame their nerves 
yesterday to reach their first 
cop final at the Aston Villa 
Leisure Centre in Bir- 

Their opponents at the Al- 

By Nicholas Hading 

bert Hall on December 15 will 
be the holders, Polycdl Kings- 
ton, who proved too strong for 
Sharp Manchester United in 
the other semi-finaL 
In foe first of foe Prudential 
National Cnp semi-finals. 
Ports month defeated 

Calderdale Explorers 81-77 

Muscular Dystrophy has caused David 
too much suffering for far too long. 

At four, he began to find it difficult to 
walk. By the age of ten, this relentless, 
musclfrwasting disease had confined him to 
a wheelchair. 

But to end the disease, our scientists 
need to know how it begins. 

The more you help, the sooner they can 
find the causa 

To save other children from suffering like 
David, it can’t be a day too soon. 


35 Macaulay Road, London SW40QP Reg, Chanty No. 205395. 

after the newly-promoted 
Yorkshire dub had all bat 
recovered an eight-point defi- 
cit in foe last three minutes. 

Only when Curtis Xavier, 
their England nnder-19 guard, 
was called up for travelling 
with 41 seconds left dM 
Calderdale lose their mo- 
mentum and with it the match, 
Tathara assuring Portsmouth 
of victory with their final 
basket seven seconds from 

Portsmouth were indebted 
to foe inspiration of Cunning- 
ham, throughout, and Irish, is 
the second half, for ultimately 
subduing Calderdale, who had 
looked likely winners when, 
from 23-16 down in the first 
half, they leapt into a 31-26 

With Xavier in the main 
play-making, role for 
Calderdale instead of foe 
player-coach, Johnson. Ports- 
mouth took some time to 
adjust and three minutes to 
score. Perhaps this was in 
farther respect — after the 
minute’s silence observed be- 
fore the start — for Larry 
Dassie, their popular player 
who died no Tuesday following 
a road accident 

Not untQ Talham levelled 
the score at 10-10 did 
Calderdale relinquish foe 
advantage. By then, with Blunt 
on three fouls, besides bis 
three steals and eight prints, 
Calderdale's tall American 
was always having to tread 
warily in order to stay on the 

Calderdale had succeeded 
early on la preve n ti n g Irish 
from getting inside bid, once 
the balky England inter- 
national started to move more 
menacingly onder the boards 
in the second half, Portsmouth 
regained the ascendancy. 

In foe second tumultous 
semi-final, foe effort of mak- 
ing up a 14-print first-half 
leeway against Kingston fi- 
nally proved too modi for 
Manchester United. Shortly 
after drawing level at 69-69 
with eight minutes left, United 
had PeE)gy disqualified for 
elbowing Boutrager, who had 
simk all Kingston's first 14 
points at foe beginning of the 
second half to withstand the 
northern revival. Kingston 
then went on to win by the 
(tottering margin of 96-85. 


29. Moor* IB, toMt 18. CJ 

Oral 22, n&r 21. Sinclair 15. 


Davis. aO. Lloy d 1 3. Pa di 12. 
Brown, 17, Ph&£4 12. Batogon 11. 


Relentless Davis powers on 

Steve Davis, homing in on 
his first major title for almost 
ten months, reasserted the 
belief that be is still a fearsome 
opponent as he dismantled in- 
form Neal Foulds to build a 
formidable 14-7 lead in their 
Tennents £300,000 UK Open 
championship final at Preston 
last night 

The world No 1 gave an 
exemplary display of potent 
potting to subdne the London 
youngster. Davis needed just 
two more frames to collect the 
title and the accompanying 
£60,000 winner's cheque when 
foe final session began last 
night, although Foulds ap- 
peared reluctant to concede 
defeat easily as he attempted 
to enhance his growing 

Having resumed trailing 10- 
4 overnight after foe first two 
sessions of Davis-dominated 
play, Foulds immediately pro- 
ceeded to chip away at his 
opponent’s sizeable lead. He 
look two of the opening four 
frames to trail 12-6 but Davis 
seemed content to trade 
frames, safe in the knowledge 



Johannesburg (Reuter) - 
The American golfers, Lee 
Trevino and Andy Bean, have 
withdrawn from the Sun City 
tournament which is to be 
played this week, because of 
pressure applied by the US 
Professional Golfers' Associ- 
ation, the director of the event 

Bernhard Longer, of West 
Germany, the winner last 
year, will be in the field of 10, 
along with Lanny Wadkins. of 
the US. T. G Chen, of Tai- 
wan, David Graham, of 
Australia, and the Britons, 
Howard Clark and Ian 
Woosnam. Gary Player, 
David Frost, Mark McNulty 
and Nicky Price form the 
South African team. 


Forth-eight goats were 
scored in two women's la- 
crosse league matches on Sat- 
urday when St Mary's College, 
Twickenham, beat Guildford 
15-14 and West London beat 
London University 12-7. Save 
Wancke scored 11 goals for 
West London. 

By a Special Correspondent 

that he would reach the win- 
ning post first 

Undoubtedly the damage 
was done in the second session 
on Saturday evening when 
Davis won six of the seven 
frames played to stretch a 4-3 
lead to 10-4. 

During foal spell Davis, 
who won foe first of his four 
UK titles in 1980 and has been 
in six of the last seven finals, 
produced the consistent 
break-building which withers 
opponents to lay the founda- 
tions for a comprehensive 
win. Breaks of 61, 80, 65, 56 
and 57 demoralized Foulds 
who could only manage a top 
run of 38 in reply during that 

After a night's sleep to 
repair his battered morale, 
Foulds rattled in a 67 to clinch 
the 15th frame 80-18 to make 
it 10-5. But a cruel stroke of 
misfortune prevented Foulds 
continuing bis revival with 
Davis snatching the next 

Having trailed 60-4 Foulds 
knocked in a 56 to give 
himself renewed hope but at 


Pearce: unlicensed bent 

Pearce contest 

David Pearce; of Wales, the 
heavyweight bashed by the 
British Boxing Board of Con- 
trol, will undertake an un- 
licensed bom in Wales on 
December 15. The former 
British champion, out of foe 
ring for nearly three years after 
an abnormality was discov- 
ered in his brain, will face the 
American, Lorenzo Boyde. 

Title retained 

Seoul (AFP) — Yu Myung- 
Woo, ofSouth Korea, retained 
his World Boxing Association 
junior-flyweight title by 7 , 
outpointing Mario de Marco, 
of Argentina, yesterday. 

72-70 and with pink and blade 
remaining, Davis fluked pink 
off three cushions to snatch 
the frame 78-70 and re-estab- 
lish his six frame lead. 

A fluid 1 10 to pink earned 
the triple world champion the 
deserved applause of foe audi- 
ence for his second century of 
foe match but Foulds empha- 
sized his fighting spirit with 
breaks of 44 and 31 to trail 12- 
6 . 

Foulds, ranked 13 in the 
world before the start of this 
season but nowon the verge of 
tire top three, then ted the 
chance to make telling inroads 
into Davis’s lead but in two 
successive frames he missed 
pink and then red to help 
Davis on his way ■ 

Although Davis lead 14-6 
Foulds gamely battled on and 
ended the session in winning 
style with a patiently con- 
structed 49 to hold up foe 
victory charge of his 
Matchroom stablemate. 

SCORES: FmaL S Davis toads N Fautts 
14-7JD8W8 firSfc 2664. 396a 62-19. 70- 
39. 79-15, 716, 5367. 1046. 963. 53- 
43. 82-20. 80-1. 96 6ft 1236. i860. 78- 
70. 1106, 2461, 6568, 7045, 56-75. 

Brentford win 

A determined rally by Roth- 
erham could not save them a 
point in the third division 
after they ted been three goals 
down to their visitors, Brent- 
ford, inside an hour yesterday. 
A makeshift defence gave up 
loo much room, and Brent- 
ford prevailed 3-2. 

Rebels falter 

Virginia. Sooth Africa 
(AFP) — The South African 
President’s XI beat foe touring 
rebel Australian cricket team 
by three wickets on Saturday. 
The second-innings partner- 
ship of Roy Pienaar and 
DaryH Cullman produced 1 18 
runs to clinch the game, which 
was won with 2.1 overs to 
spare. The loss was the 
Australians' first on the tour. 

Fast feet 

West Berlin (Reuter) — Igor 
Shdesovski, of the Soviet 
Union, won all four races on 
the opening weekend of foe 
World Cup sprint speed-skat- 
ing season. Sftelesovfcsi won 
both rounds of the 500 and 
1.000-meire events. Dam Jan- 
sen* of the United States, is 
second in the standings. 


Doncaster’s last laugh 
at Rovers’ expense 

By Keith Macklin 

Doncaster, the music hall 
joke team of two season ago, 
yesterday turned the joke on 
Hull Kingston Rovers, last 
yearis beaten finalists in the 
John Player Special Trophy. 

The Dons, butts of a 
lampooning television docu- 
mentary, Another Bloody Sun- 
day, and countless jokes at 
rugby league dinners, pulled 
off one of foe shock results of 
all time by beating the gilded 
Rovers 18-14. 

At the end of the match, 
watched by an all-ticket crowd 
of 3^44, the delirious Don- 
caster fans ran on to the pitch 
and carried their heroes shoul- 
der high to the dressing room. 

Sharing in the hero-worship 
and back-slapping adulation 
was John Sheridan, the former 
Castieford forward, whose 
coaching has transformed 

Both sides scored three tries 
in a riveting match but David 
Noble kicked three goals to 
John Dorahy's one and his 
two second-half penalties 
proved decisive. 

Doncaster tackled like tigers 
and refused to buckle when 
Rovers twice led through tries 
by Andy Kelly and Gordon 
Smith. Mark Gibbon and 
Kevin Jones scored tries and it 
was 10-10 at half time. 

In -the second half, Kevin 
Parkhouse put the Dons ahead 
for the first time but Dorahy 
got the third try for the 
Robins. Then came the two 
penalties by Noble which won 
an historic victory for Don- 
caster and intensified the 
gloom over Craven Park. 

• Australia beat France 44-2 
in an international match at 
Perpignan yesterday. 

More Rngby League, page 35 


Referee who 
was caught on 
the blind side 

All 30 players got an early 
bath and foe spectators short 
measure when the referee blew 
foe final whistle eight infantes 
early in Moseley’s 18-7 home 
win over Newbridge on Sat- 
urday (a Spedal Corres- 
pondent writes). 

The embarrassed referee, 
Martin Humphries, from 
Chesterfield, explained after- 
wards: "I work a system with 
two watches and I got my nuns 

wrong. We are only hmnan, 
you know." ' 

Rugby's tow 6 states that 
“the referee is foe sole judge of 
fact and of law. All his 
decisions are binding.** This 
was foe law promptly quoted 
by foe former-international 
referee, Ken Pattinson, when 
his attention was drawn to Mr 
Humphries’ error. 

“If be says ft is time by his 
watch, then that's it. Every- 
body rise's watch is wrong.* 
said Pattinson, who admits to 
laving ended the 1974 Univer- 
sity match four minutes early 
— and Cambridge won by only 
one point 

PattmsoB agreed, however, 
that with foe widespread in- 
troduction of leagues next 
season, fee laws might have to 
be uttered to ensure time k 
kept accurately. 

Kiernan gives 
reminder to 
Irish selectors 

Michael Kiernan. who has 
not enjoyed foe best of seasons 
so far with his goal-kicking 
exploits, was back in foe 
groove on Saturday at 
Thomond Park, Limerick, 
■where he contributed 15 
points in Monster's 31-13 win 
over foe Fiji Barbarians 
(George Ace writes). 

The Ireland centre was on 
target with three penalties and 
three conversions and foe 
effort was timely in so far as 
the Irish selectors meet 
tonightto name the teams for 
the final trial at Lansdowne 
Road on December 20. 

The Probables XV will al- 
most certainly be that which 
defeated Romania though 
thought may be given to 
playing Bangor's David Mor- 
row at number eight for 
Michael Gibson. Ulster have 
not helped Morrow's cause, 
but his performance against 
Munster when Gibson was in 
opposition is fresh in foe 
mind . 

A late try by Ballymena's 
international wing, Kingian d, 
put the Section One Ulster 
Senior League game out of 
reach of NIFC at Eaton Park, 
while Bangor ran m three tries 
against Cardiff, at foe Anns 
Park, where they lost 21-14.