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Hannahs effort . 

the younger ones a* 
recall Botov r\^W 
ping of Kevin v "J : < 
the England 
was booed wh-:n «■". 
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:MR I « 

No 62,63.0 





ity fears as 

pectors go 

iito Guinness 

The city was shocked by the 
announcement yesterday that 
the Government has ap- 
pointed inspectors to investi- 
gate the affairs of Guinness — 
the brewing and leisure group, 
headed by Mr Ernest 

The two Government 
inspectors were appointed 
under powers brought in last 
Thursday to allow co-opera- 
tion with foreign, regulatory 
bodies su:h as America's 
Securities and Exchange 
Commissicn. They moved 
immediate:)' into Guinness 
yesterday morning, examining 
the company's books and 
documents at its London head 

The announcement sent 
Guinness's share price spiral- 
ling sharply downwards at one 
point wiping off £330 million 
from its its market value. The 
shares which opened at 331 
pence hit 291 pence at one 
stage will: more than 19 
million Guinness shares 
changing hands. 

Speculation in the City was 
that the appointment of 
inspectors was connected with 
the activities of Mr Ivan 
Boesky. the disgraced Ameri- 
can arbitrageur. Guinness has 
been involved in a hotly 
contested and ultimately 
successful £2.7 billion battle 
this year with Mr Jimmy 



\ aX 

Failing jobless 
figures suggest the 
various job creation 
schemes are 
working, whatever 
critics say. But 
which schemes do 
what? The Times 
clears a path 
through the jungle 

G The £4,000 daily prize 
in The Times Portfolio 
Gold competition 
yesterday was shared 
bv three readers. 
Details, page 3. 

© There is £4,000 to be 
wan in today's daily 
competition. Portfolio 
list page 27. How to 
play, page 20. 

l r s ^ 

' h 

Goodbye, Sid_ 

Applicants for shares in Brit- 
ish Gas have 24 hours to hand 
in forms for the company s 
£S.6 billion flotation. Page 21 

Welsh action 

Red Morgan, chairman of the 
Welsh Ruabv Union selectors, 
called on" clubs to ‘‘take a 
sironecr line’" in disciplining 
players who resort to violence 
after six players were sem off 
inone match | W 40 

jKoaie N«?»s 2-7 
Overseas S-l- 

A BS . - 3 

Births. 2« lbs -. 0 

SttsiEvss 2i-25 
Che*' U 

Ch»rehBe»s »| 
Co art *? 

Cr^.S^OTuS * i.; 1 ' 

Law Report 

Sale Room 
Science _ 

Sport 3?%*^ 
TSeitres. « 

TV & ivadio 39 
J.i/*i»ejsi!ses *9 
Vteas&w 20 

Wilis » 

Lawrence Lever 
Gulliver's Argyll Group to 
take over Distillers. 

Last Thursday the Govern- 
ment bought into effect pro- 
visions of the Fina nci al 
Services Act which would 
allow the DTI u> pass 
information gathered as a 
result of a company investiga- 
tion to the SEC and other 
regulatory bodies. It could not 
pass this information on be- 
fore last week's move. 

Mr Robin Cook, a Labour 
spokesman on city affairs, said 
: “I would like to think that the 

Martket stormed 
Stock market report 




new twist shows that the DTI 
is at long last catching up with 
the fallout of the SEC en- 
quiries into Boesky’s global 

Mr Theodore A Levine; one 
of Mr Boesky’s American 
lawyers, said yesterday that he 
had not been aware of the 
appointment of inspectors to 
look into Guinness. He re- 
fused to say whether Mr 
Boesky had provided informa- 
tion about any dealings in the 
shares of Guinness to the SEC 

“I can provide no comment 
on Mr Boesky’s co-operation 
with the US Government," he 

The DTI has been given a 
huge ammount of information 
recently on Mr Boesky’s activ- 
ities by the SEG 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry released a terse 

connection with its 

A DTI spokesman said that 
the reference to membership 
in the statement effectively 
meant the Gninness 
shareholders. The announce- 
ment was made by Mr Mi- 
chael Howard, Minister for 
Consumer and Corporate 

Officials at the DTI refused 
to elaborate further oh the 
nature of the enquiry and 
Guinness itself put out a 
statement late in the afternoon 
saying that it had no idea as to 
what had triggered the DTPs 

"The inquiry has come as a 
complete surprise and the DTI 
has not told the company of 
the reason for the inquiry". 

The DTI inspectors are Mr 
David Torrance Donaldson 

QC and Mr bn Gien dinning 

/an, a chartered accountant 

The DTT was yesterday 
inundated with telephone calls 
from stockbrokers and mer- 
chant hawks 

Last month the DTI ap- 
pointed inspectors to examine 
the case of Mr Geoffrey 
Collier, the former director of 
Morgan Grenfell Securities 
who resigned for breaching in- 
house rules on share dealings. 

However the appointment 
of inspectors to examine 

G illness was not made under 
the new insider dealing pro- 
visions of the Financial Ser- 
vices Act 

In Guinness’s case the 

appointment has been made 
under sections 432 and 442 of 
statement saying that inspec- the Companies Act 1985. 
tors have been appointed. These provisions allow 
under the Companies Act inspectors to be appointed to 

1985 “ to report on Guinness 

The statement said that the 
“purpose of the investigation 
is to examine cfrcumsianccs 
misconduct of the 
Gninness pic- in 

»s or 

look into matters such as 
fraud, misappropriation of 
funds, providing misleading 
information to Shareholders 
or simple misconduct by the 
management of a company 
towards its shareholders. .. 

Colonel Oliver North, dismissed from the National Security Council last week, arriving 
home in Great Falls, Virginia, with his wife Betsy. 

Cape Town 
rugby team 
tour flouts 

By John Goodbody 
Sports News Correspondent 

Fowler pledge on 
social work attacks 

Greater protection for social 
workers from potentially vi- 
olent clients was pledged yes- 
terday by Mr Norman Fowler, 
the Secretary of Slate for 
Social Services. 

The pledge came as he led 
mourners at a memorial ser- 
vice at Birmingham Cathedral 
for a senior social worker 
murdered while on duty. 

Mr Fowler was speaking on 
the eve of the Government's 
conference on violence against 
social services staff across the 

At the same a strike by 300 
social workers claiming they 
are given inadequate protec- 
tion against violence has re- 
sulted in the closure of four 
children's homes in London. 

Miss Frances Bettridge, 
aged 27, a member of me 
Bi rmingham social service 
department's children’s team, 
was found strangled in a 
blazing house last September 
with another woman. Miss 
Julie Harrison, whose com- 
mon law husband has been 
charged with their murder. 

Today’s conference, an- 
nounced in the wake of Miss 

Bettridge’s death, has been 
held to allay growing fears in 
the profession about the 
increasing number of attacks 
during professional visits., 
Miss Bettridge is the third 
social worker to be killed in 
die last two years. 

Following the memorial ser- 
Mr Fowler said: 


‘The conference is to by to 
of this 

find some of the lessons 
tragic event". 

It would examine whether 
two-way radios should be 
issued to social workers visit- 
ing potentially dangerous cli- 
ents or whether they should 
work in pairs, he said. 

But, he added: “dearly, 
social workers cannot work 
entirety behind glass screens. 
It is just not possible to do it, 
but we can identify where 
there are potential difficulties 
and seek to make provision 
for them.” 

The Secretaiy of State also 
urged the public to help. Too 
often, he. said social workers 
were taken for granted. “We 
should recognize the contribn- 

Continned on page 20, col 4 

A South African rugby 
union team from the Univer- 
sity of Ope Town is secretly 
playing a series of. five 
matches in south-east 

The tour contravenes the 
Government’s wishes for Brit- 
ish sportsmen not to have 
links with South Africa be- 
cause of its policy of apart- 
heid. The office ofMr Richard 
Tracey, the Sprats Minister, 
was bkxnght investigating the 

has been_s3uo 
i&ned^QUbe Rbgby Football 
Union despite its own ban on 
any lours by clubs or individ- 
uals to South Africa. 

Mr Dudley Wood, the 
union's secretary, yesterday 
said that permission was given 
for the matches because^ “These 
players are in England as 
individuals. They are de- 
scribed as a social 15 . . 

Mr Wood did not think the 
tour would jeopardize Eng- 
land’s participation in next 
year's World Cup in Australia. 

The side, billed as the 
Hedgehogs, has already met a 
Rosslyn Park 15 and Beck- 
enham. It will play the Rich- 
mond Second 15 on Saturday, 
Southend on Sunday and 
Esher on December 10. 

Mr Mike Humphreys, the 
chairman of Richmond, said: 
“We were approached for the 
fixture. As a dub we have 
strong links with South Af- 
rican rugby and are affiliated 
to dubs in Cape Town ... 
After getting the alWcar from 
the Rugby Union we were 
happy for next Saturday's 
game to go ahead." 

Mr Sam Ramsamy, chair- 
man of the South African 
Non-Radal Olympic Com- 
mittee, said yesterday's line- 
up against Beckenham con- 
sisted entirely of white 

Pretoria rejection, page 10 

Russian envoys on mission to West 

The Kremlin yesterday des- 
patched roving envoys to 
Western European capitals to 
press the Soviet view on post- 
Reykjavic arms control 
The operation came on the 
eve of the Easi-West strategic 
arms talks in Geneva and a 
crucial Nato meeting on 
reductions of conventional 
forces in Europe. _ 
Whitehall sources said the 
Kremlin had wheeled out 
some of its most experienced 

From Andrew McEwen,KplomaticConrespoodent 

foreign policy hand*- including the _ US 

Mr Alexandrov Agentov, Defence Initiative, 
who has saved under four „ M*. ^? er . Kar P OVi 


Soviet leaders, is to meet Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary, today after taking in 
Copenhagen on the way. 

Sir Geoffrey will tell him 
that Britain hopes the Soviet 
Union will drop its insistence 
that the abolition of inter- 
mediate nuclear forces in 
Europe can only be achieved 
as part of a wider settlement 


Soviet arms negotiator, is to 
visit Athens and -Paris on his 
way to Geneva. He is due to 
meet Mr Max Kampelman, 
his US opposite number, for 
three days of informal talks. 

Another aim- of the envoys 
is to present the Soviet view 
on conventional force re- 

The real SDI battle, page 16 

Reagan refuses to 
‘back off on Iran 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

President Reagan, defiantly 
insistiaghe was not going to 
“back off” over the Iran amir, 
held talks yesterday with the 
advisers he appointed to in- 
vestigate his National Security 
Council Meanwhile, pressure 
grew in Congress for swift 
action to end what was called 
the “total shambles" in US 
foreign policy. 

Outlining the guidelines of 
the inquiry to the three-man 
review board chaired by a 
former Senator, Mr John 
Tower, Mr Reagan said he trad 
ordered the NSC not to take 
part in any further operations 
pending the inquiry. 

He gave a pledge that 
everyone in his Administra- 
tion would co-operate frilly. T 
«ant:to' assure yon and the 
American people that I want 
all the frets to come out.” 

The appointment of the 
board was a “demonstration 
of a commitment to learn how 
this happened and how it can 
be prevented in the fiiture". 
Mr Reagan also said that if the 
Justice Department decided 
during its inquiry that an 
independent investigator 
should be appointed, as called 
for by congressional leaders, 
he would welcome such an 

Mr Reagan, testy and un- 
easy, reiterated in response to 
reporters* questions that he 
had known nothing about the 
funding for the Contras. He 
said that tiie can on Sunday by 
Senator Robert Dole, the Sen- 
ate Republican leader, for a 
special session of Congress, 
was under discussion, 

Mr R eagan has made an 
extraordinary bitter attack on 
the Press for its role in the 
affair. He said that the storm 
of criticism had left “bitter 
bile in my throat these days". 
In an interview with Time 
magazine, published yester- 
day, he described Colonel 
Oliver North, whom he dis- 
missed from the NSC staff last 
week for his involvement in 
ihe clandestine operations, as 
a "national hero". “My only 
criticism is that I wasift told 

Tve never seen the sharks 
ending like they are now with 
blood in the water. What 
drives me up the wall is that 
this wasn’t a failure until the 
press got a tip from that rag in 
Beirut and began to play it up. 
I told them that publicity 
could destroy this, that it 
could get people killed. They 
then went right on.” 

Unrepentant, page 8 

Higgins on 

By Ian Smith 

The former world snooker 
champion, Alex Higgins, has 
been charged with criminal 
assault after an incident at 
Preston Guild Hall in which a 
tournament official received a 
cut eye. 

Summonses served yes- 
terday, on the self-styled 
people's champion, alleged 
assault causing actual bodily 
harm to Mr Paul Hatberell, 
tournament (Erector at the 
Tennents UK championships 
in Preston, last month. 

Mr Higgins, aged 37 also 
a charge of causing 
willful damage to a Guild Hall 
door. Both summonses, issued 
in the name of Alexander 
Gordon Higgins, are return- 
able at Preston Magistrates' 
Court oh December 17. 

He can enter a plea in the 
magistrates' court or elect trial 
by jury at the crown court The 
World Professional Billiards 
and Snooker Association are 
due to announce their de- 
rision this week on Higgins 1 

It could ban Higgins from 
the professional snooker cir- 
cuit or impose a heavy fine. 

Silver to 
chess team 

From Raymond Keene 
Chess Cffirrespcrfent 

Three British players de- 
feated Brazil 4-0 to take the 
silver medal at the 27th Chess 
Olympiad here yesterday. 

The Soviet Union, which 
trailed the US by halfa point 
at the start of the final round, 
scored a resounding 4-0 win 
over Poland to win the gold 

The English win — by 
grandmasters John Nunn, 
Nigel Short and Murray Chan- 
dler — clearly establishes the 
country as world number two. 

.The 1,000-strong audience 
erupted into whistling, cheer- 
ing and applause as world 
champion Gary Kasparov of 
the Soviet Union executed a 
difficult knight and pawn 
ending against W Schmidt of 
Poland to seal the series. 

The fifth-seeded United 

Slates was still playing as the 
inched the 

Soviet side clinched the gold, 
but experts said the team 
leader, Yasser Seuawan, was 
in a hopeless position against 
Bulgarian grandmaster, Kiril 

- - 10 

Kinnock loses Atlanta stage to McEnroe 

\ll s' 

•«. -y ’JZ ■£• 2? 

By Robin Oakley 

So for, it has not been Mr 
Neil Kinnock’s week. In foe 
United States to sell the 
Labour Party’s defence poli- 
cies to dismayed Americans, 
he pined up yesterday that 
while he did not expect them 
to dance for joy over his plans 
to close US nudear bases in 
Britain, he did not think that 
“there should be an over- 

reaction" either. 

His trouble so tar has Deen 
in getting a reaction at all The 
only jostling has bwn that of 
membersof the US 
establishment rushing to can- 
cel meetings with him. 

Anvbody who had tnea 
dancing in vhe sheets of 
Atlanta, his first port of call, 
would have needed toppers . - 

il bucketed down all da,'. And 

if that wasn't enough, his 
aircraft was involved in a 
near-miss and bis hotel was a 
long way out of town, causing 
suspicion that he had been 
booked into the wrong Ritz- 

Mr Kinnock had clearly 
arrived in America wondering 
if he ought to be there at all 
Mr Roy Hattersley, foe deputy 
Labour leader, and Mr Gerald 
Kaufman, the shadow Home 
Secretary, were having all the 
fun of foe raging security row 
back home — and it showed in 
his grumpiness. 

The Americans, most of 
whom would recognize only 
three Britons - foe Queen, the 
Princess of Wales and Mrs 
Thatcher — were always likely 
to be asking: “Neil who?" But 
with their own Iranian arms 

crisis raging, they do not even, 
bother to ask foat. 

Fewer than 50 people 
turned out to hear Mr 
Kinnock’s first set-piece sp- 
eech at the Martin Luther 
King Centre, and that in- 
cluded the British Council 
contingent. Locals put it down 
politely to foe alternative 
attraction of Boris Becker and 
John McEnroe, iq town for an 
epic tennis final. 

Anyway, Mr Kinnock, who 
had spent most of the Atlantic 
crossing toiling on a rousing 
and effective anti-apartheid 
speech deariy designed for 
delivery to an emotional 
packed hall, was left to go 
through the motions on 
adjectival auto-pilot while his 
host. Mayor Andrew Young, 
quietly nodded off on the 

platform beside him. You see 
more passion over foe bridge 
table in a Budleigh Saltsrton 

Labour's leader, who re- 
marked ruefully “I'm better at 
p ulling the rain than pulling 
foe crowds" did, however, 
have his revenge. After a quick 
sighting shot with a wo- 
rn mute 10-second reply to the 
first question, his answers to 
foe next three lasted respec- 
tively 14 minutes 10 seconds, 
13 minutes 17 seconds, and 
six minutes eight seconds. 
Maybe word about him had 
reached Atlanta after all 

Meanwhile, foe Kinnock 
programme was developing 
some embarrassing gaps as the 
no-shows continued to pile 

A hoped-for meeting with 
Dr Henry Kissinger, foe for- 
mer National Security Ad- 
viser, proved to be out of foe 
question: he was in London. 
Senator Daniel Patrick Moyn- 
i han opted out, pleading pres- 
sure of alternative business — 
turning knives in President 
Reagan’s wounds. 

The lady in foe seat next to 
me across the Atlantic, on 
learning that I was following 
Mr Kinnock around America, 
remarked that she did not 
much care for his politics, but 
had been impressed with his 
recent performance as the fill- 
in host on a chat show. 

Her husband gently pointed 
out that she had him mixed up 
with Mr Ken Livingstone, foe 
former chief of the defunct 
Greater London Council. 

Havers survives 

MPs’ grilling 
over ML5 case 

: By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

Sir Michael Havers, foe 
Attorney General, yesterday 
emerged unscathed from his 
first Commons gritting since 
the Australian spy-book case 
began, declaring that he had 
no intention of resigning and 
denying that he bad 
“kowtowed" to the Prime 

As the Government under- 
lined that it stood ready to 
consider an immediate appeal 
if the judge in Sydney rules 
that sensitive Whitehall files 
are to be handed to defence 
counsel Sir Michael was 
cheered from the Conser- 
vative benches, and jeered by 
the opposition, when he spoke 
of the “wonderful and loyal" 
support be had received from 
the Prime Minister. 

With the affair still 
dominating proceedings at 
Westminster, Mr Bernard 
Weatherill, the Speaker, an- 
nounced in the Commons that 
he would investigate claims 
that MPs' telephones had been 

That followed a report that 
Mr Neil Kin nock's office 
could have been bugged and a 

Act against Mr Pincher, his 
publishers and foe people who 
leaked to him. 

Mr Dale CarnpbdI-Savonrs, 
MP for Woikmgton, asked: 
“In so far as he did not take ac- 
tion, has he not been negligent 
and should he hot now con- 
sider resigning?" 

But Sir Michael was able to 
get through the brief question- 
time session without directly 
replying to both questions. On 
his own position be said: “1 

Thatcher blast 
Sydney hearing 




complaint in foe Coramonsby 

Mr Tam DalyeU, Labour 
for Linlithgow. 

Sir Michael’s appearance in 
foe Commons had been ea- 
gerly and tensely awaited after 
foe disclosure by Sir Robert 
Armstrong, the Cabinet Sec- 
retary, that he had not been 
consulted in foe decision in 
1981 not to try to stop Mr 
Chapman Hncher’s spy book. 
Their Trade is Treaciiery. 

Sir Robert's correction of 
his earlier evidence in Sydney 
that Sir Michael had taken the 
decision was made at the 
insistence of the Attorney 

Labour MPs demanded to 
know why Sir Michael had not 
been consulted in that de- 
cision and why he had not 
launched a criminal prosecu- 
tion under the Official Secrets 

have no intention to resign. I 
have had the most wonderful 
loyal and supportive support 
from the Prime Minister, for 
which I am extremely 
grateful." { 

In a parliamentary written’ 
reply last night Sir Michael 
said that he could not com- 
ment on anything at issue 
before the Sydney court to 
avoid foe risk of prejudicing 
the case “or at worst being in 
contempt of court" 

Mr John Moms, Labour 
spokesman on legal affairs, 
said that the feet that Sir 
Michael was not consulted cm 
foe Pincher book was “an- 
other example of the Prime 
Minister flouting 


The continuing controversy 
over Mr Nett Kinnock's con- 
tacts with the defence lawyers 
in the spy case took a new turn 
with suffiestions of tapping as 
Labour MPS demanded to 
know how Conservative MPs 
knew of the telephone 

The Speaker surprised some 
MPs by promising to look into 
the matter. 

The Prime Minister re- 
peated last night foal the 
Government would not with- 
draw from the Sydney 

‘Wally’ joke adds to 
MIS courtroom row 

The Prime Minister’s pri- 
vate parliamentary secretary 
was at foe centre of a row last 
nigfat after referring to Sir 
Robert Armstrong, foe Cabi- 
net Secretary, as “a wafly 
among the Wallabies" (Our 
Political Correspondent 

Mr Michad Alison, who as 
right hand man to Mrs 
Thatcher is privy to her 
innermost thoughts, also spo- 

ke of foe judge in foe Austra- 
lian spy book 

rase as having 
"a whale of a time getting his 
own back on Ian Botham for 
Australia's Test h umiliati on." 

The off the cuff remarks 
were made to an industrialists’ 
dinner in his Selby const- 
ituency -But last night there 
was a dispute whether foe 
jokes were foe current vogue 

in Government inner circles - 
or just a repeat of irreverent 
banter in some newspapers. 

According to Mr Ford 
Longman, a county councillor 
and prospective Alliance par- 
liamentary candidate for Selb- 
y, who took notes . of foe 
speech, Mr Alison left guests 
in no doubt that the crack 
about Sir Robert was the latest 
joke in Downing Street itself 

But Mr Alison insisted last 
night that Mr Longman’s ac- 
count was “garbled,” and 
added:“My basic theme was 
that this is a very serioqs . 
business. I ((noted a couple of 
jokes - certainly not original 
or frqm Number 10 - which I 
had read in tire papers as 
illustrations of the high fence 
this is unfortunately turning 


On any budding project; fere is money.The quieter the buftfetg 
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Yorkon buHcfags are based on o high qud&y, steeMrame 
system that transforms much of Ihe construction process into 
controlled production operations, if means our protects move 
faster, finish on schedule and come in on budget. Every time. 

It also allows us to offer a tmtfe source buWmg service- 
from design to completion -which is refreshingly 

directly answerable 

for information, 
cdl David Camming, 

Yorkon General 
Manager on York 
(0904)36460 or return 
fee coupon today. 




1 Making busin«ssen» d |bdU« 








Airports free /to 
set own chat-ges 

loll privatization planned lor next summer. 

Mr Moore said tfae aft T orts mete Heathrow, Gatwkk, 
Stansted, Prestwick, Glasgow, Edinburgh and Aberdeen. 

Ruskin to be sued 

Raskin College, Oxford is to be sued for defamation by 
Mr David Selbonme, aged 49, a former lecturer. 

Tbe politics tutor has already Issaed a writ fur breach of 
contract claiming £251,000 in kiss of potential earnings. He 
is also alleging unfair dismissal by tfae coDege arthorities. 

Students boycotted Mr Selbonrne’s lectures following an 
artide he wrote an tbe Militant Tendency for TheTimes in 


Raskin has denied tbe charges and maintains that his 
lecturing post is still open to him shoald he wish to reborn. 

is sold 

The Pickenham Hall es- 
tate in Norfolk, and much 
of the village of Sooth 
Pickenham. which was pot 
ap for sale as a result of a 
family split, has been sold 
to an English buyer. 

It is anderstood that the 
complete and still working 
country estate, with its 16 
cottages, old school boose, 


Mr Robert Maxwell, the 
publisher and chairman of 
British I n ternat i onal Heli- 
copters, is today expected 
to take part m the first 

since another in the BI fleet 
crashed in the North Sea 

ing oew in the village, was 
sold for nearly £10 mfttkm. 

killing 45 
The helicopter, part of a 
remaining fleet of three, 

has been passed as safe. 

Tory MP 

Mr John Browne, 
Conservative MP for Win- 
chester, who is locked in a 
bitter divorce settlement 
with bis ex-wife, yesterday 
announced his engagement 
to Elaine Schmid, of New 

His former wife, Mrs 
Elizabeth Browne, aged 44, 
faces 14 days imprison- 
ment if she fails to pay 
£49,000 she owes him as 
part of their divorce settle- 
ment in 1994. 

They were married for 18 

Banker left £ 12m 

Visownt Boosted, flu financier and merchant banker, 
who died last October aged 77, left estate in the UK valued 
at more than £12 million (£113 million net), according to 
his wQl phtohed yesterday. 

He sscceeded his hither as dajman of the eld family 
firm of M Samuel and Co, inheriting the peerage in 1948. 
It was his father, the 2nd viscount, who gave die family 
home, Upton Park, near Banbury, Oxfordshire, and its 
contents to the National TrnsL Other wills, page 18 

Drug firm 
fined for 

A chemical company was 
fined £5,000 at Teeside Crown 
Court yesterday after an 
explosion, in which an em- 
ployee died, during the treat- 
ment of effluent from a drug 
manufacturing process. 

Fine Organics was said to 
have been facing possible 
prosecution over the smell at 
its factory in Peteriee, Co 
Durham. But it failed to spot 
the danger in tackling it, Mr 
Keith Miller, for the Health 
and Safety Executive which 
brought the prosecution, said. 

The waste, which contained 
alcohol, self-ignited when it 
readied a certain temperature, 
causing an explosion and fire 
which wrecked the plant 
A process worker, Mr Keith 
Bromley, aged 38, of Clifton 
Avenue, Billi ngham -on-Tees 
died instantly. 

The firm admitted a breach 
of the Health and Safety at 
Work Act 1974 and was fined 
£5,000, with £1,165 costs. 

Appeal to 

By Jill Sherman 
Blood transfusion centres 
have issued an urgent appeal 
to donors to keep giving blood 
over Christmas to stop sup- 
plies running out 
Yesterday a plea went out to 
regular donors in London and 
Manchester to keep their 
appointments to avoid the 
blood shortages experienced 
last new year. 

Last year tbe centre bad to 
ask hospitals to postpone non- 
emergency operations because 
it found it was supplying 100 
more donations a day than it 
was bringing in. 

The centre usually needs 
about 1 1,000 blood donations 
a month to satisfy hospital 
demand. Already the number 
of donors has dropped to 
9,000 and last Christmas tbe 
figure fell to 8,000. 

The Department of Health 
said yesterday that there was 
no reported national blood 


Thatcher attack on Kinnock over MI5 

Seven British airports, all with an inedible of more than 
£1 million a year, are to beallowed to sed then: awn landing, 
parking, take-off and passenger hamTiing charges from 
today, Mr John Moore, Secretary o£ State for Transport, 
announced in a Commons written reply. 

The charges were prevtoasly levied by the Civil Aviation 
Authority, bat the Goreramenfs Airports Act; which 
became law in July, provided for airports to set their own 

By Michael Evans 


Tfae Prime Minister .has 
ordered a gloves-off attack 
against Mr Neil Kinnock for 
|imi involvement with the de- 
fence lawyer in the MI5 court 
case in Australia. 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher was 
said yesterday by Whitehall 
sources to be astonished that 
the Labour leader should have 

Wright, and : the publishers, 
Hetnemann of Australia. 

Several Tory backbenchers 


Mr Kinnock 

have aiti< 
for foe calls. 

Mrs Thatcher believes, 

a rrrtfding tO SOUICGS, that It 

mas q uite extraordinary act 
on Mr Kizmock's part to 
telephone the defence counsel 
in a case in which the Govern- 
ment is acting “on the grounds 
of national security.” 

calls to Mr Malcolm Turnbull, 
the solicitor acting for the 
former MIS officer. Mr Peter 

Tbe attack on Mr Kinnodk, 

winch will have the backing 
No 10. is being launched at a 

crucial time in foe Australian 
court case. 

Mrs Thatcher’s advisers are 
not nearly so confident that 
the case should continue. 

■ There will be no thought of 
withdrawing from the case 
provided the highly-classified 
documents, which have been 
handed over to the judge, are 
not given to Mr TumbuJL 

But if there fa acourt ruling 
a gainst the Government on 
this key issue, a decision may 
be taken re cut foe Govern- 
ment's losses and allow foe 

book by Mr Wright, titled The 
Spy Catcher ; to be published 
rather than to release those 

But until that decision has 
been made, foe Government 
will try to recoup some of the 

e““ ■sri&i E 

needed nmmuniton 
Mr Turnbull himself has 

emptes S? 

sense a left winger. Indeea ne 
was a former Liberal can- 
didate and in Australia foe 

political philosophy to foe 

spy case by att acki n g 
Kmnock over his calls to Mr 


The calls between Mr 
Turnbull and Mr Kinnock 
have provided Mrs Thatcher 
and Conservative backben- 
chers with some desperately 

• A High Court judge in 
Dublin will decide today 
whether to place an outright 
ban on a book. One Girls 
War. which the British 
Government claims could 
damage security. 

Vickers aims 
at £lbn deal 
for Saudi 

By Peter Davenport Defence Correspondent 

Final details of a tender to 
supply Saudi Arabia with a 
complete submarine fleet in 
an export deal worth around 
£1 bflUon are being completed 
by officials of Vickers Ship- 
building and Engineering. 

It would involve the supply 
of about 10 of the new Type 
2400 diesel-electric con- 
ventional submarines. The 
first of the class, the Royal 
Navy’s HMS Upholder, is to 
be launched at tbe firm's 
Barrow-on-Furness yard by 
the Duchess of Kent today. 

The negotiations are ex- 
tremely sensitive, particularly 
in the wake of recent incidents 
involving Anglo-Saudi rela- 
tions, and Vickers officials 
refused to make any comment 
on what would be a record 
submarine export order. 

The company fa in com- 
petition with several other 
European countries, including 
France, Germany, Sweden 
and Italy. Tenders are ex- 
pected to be submitted within 
weeks and a decision is hoped 
for early in foe new year. 

The Saudis at present have 
no submarines and are look- 
ing to create, from scratch, the 
most powerful underwater 
fleet in the Arab world. Egypt 
is the only other Arab nation 
to possess submarines. 

The order would include a 
package of back-up facilities 
including staff training, in 
which the Royal Navy would 

The new Type 2400 are 
designed for anti-submarine 
patrols and although they do 
not have foe range of nuclear 
powered boats they have tbe 
advantages of cost and silence 
of operation which makes 
them hard to detect 

Arabian Gulf Last year, it is 
understood, a senior Saudi 
Arabian naval officer visited 
the Vickers yard at Barrow-in- 
Furness and saw construction 
work taking place on HMS 

Tbe Royal Navy has placed 
orders for a further three 
vessels and are expected to 
eventually take up to 10 in an 
order worth around £1 billion. 
Vickers could proceed with 
both orders side-by-side by 
using the facilities both at 
Barrow-in-Furness and at foe 
Gammefl Laird yard on 

• An advanced new comput- 
erized command system to aid 
manoeuvring and weapons 
deployment is to be installed 
in foe Royal Navy’s sub- 
marines it was announced 
yesterday. Known as the Sub- 
marine Command System 
(SMCS). it will be operational 
by foe 1990s and will analyse 
data gathered by sensors and 
external sources, such as pa- 
trol aircraft 

The development and part 
production contract, worth at 
least £85 million, has been 
awarded to Gresham CAP 
Ltd, of New Malden, Surrey, 
which has been given two 
years to complete tbe system, 
which will use fibre optic 

The Duke of Kent with (left) Major General Tony 
Richardson and Mr David Dieboid planting an mk for Na- 
tional Tree Week at Rmmymede yesterday 
(Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

CBI urges classroom 
return by ex-teachers 

By Mark Dowd, Education Reporter 
Tbe Confederation of Brit- goods in foe hope of reducing 

Saudia Arabia would want 
to use the submarines for 
patrols in the Red Sea and the 

Mr Guy Warner, marketing 
director for Gresham CAP, 
said: "The system is what 
turns submarines into able 
fig hting units many thousands 
otmiles from their base ahd In 
hostile waters”. It was foe 
most advanced system under 
development anywhere in the 

The new system fa likely to 
be fitted in Britain's Trident 
submarines entering service 
from the mid Nineties as well 
as in those already in service. 
Gresham CAP hopes for 
substantial exports. 


A Warwickshire business- 
man, charged with illegally 
exporting military equipment 
to Syria, Libya and Kuwait, 
was remanded om £200,000 
bail until January 12 by 
Leamington Spa magistrates 

Mr Neville Tapley, aged 54, 
of Leamington -Spa, was ac- 
cused by Customs and Excise 
of six charges of supplying 
military infra-red cameras 
without a licence. 

Magistrates allowed bail on 
condition that he lives at his 
Leamington address, surr- 
enders his passport to Cus- 
toms and Excise and reports to 
foe police every week. 

Advert for 
book is 

Gang attack on news vans 

A gang armed with iron bars 
yesterday attacked newspaper 
delivery vans which had been 
carrying The Times. 

Between 20 and 25 men, 
wearing balaclava helmets to 
hide their faces, attacked five 
vans parked outside a cafe in 
Ilford, east London, where foe 
drivers were having breakfast 
after finishing deliveries. 

Police said that the raid 
appeared to have been timed 
to coincide with their shift 
changeover at 6am when pol- 
ice manpower would be at its 

The attackers were carrying 
shortened iron scaffolding 
poles which they used to 

smash windscreens, windows, 
headlights, radiators and bod- 
ywork, causing hundreds of 
pounds’ worth of damage in 

One was carrying a cordless 
electric drill which was used to 
damage tyres. 

The- attack happened while 
it was still dark and the 
attackers quickly fled, leaving 
some iron bars behind. 

The vans belonged to the 
TNT road haulage group 

Mr Bob Hayday. the depot 
manager, said: “This was 
premeditated violence and 
very worrying. We have not 
had any thing as nasty as this 
before. But it will not stop us 

and foe vehicles will be back 
on foe road tonight." 

Chief Inspector Ernest And- 
erson, of Qford police station, 
said a special squad had been 
set up to hunt foe attackers. 

_ “This was a well-organized, 
violent attack, and we are 
thankful foe drivers were in 
foe cafe and not in their vans 
when it happened," he sakL 

“AD foe men were wearing 
the same military-style black 
balaclava with three holes - it 
was almost an issue of cloth- 
ing. So we would like to bear 
from anyone who has sold a 
bulk lot of balaclavas recently, 
or anyone who witnessed the 
attack itself" 

Pressure from foe print 
unions forced foe last-minute 
withdrawal from The Observer 
newspaper on Saturday of an 
advertisement for a Times 
Books publication. Mr Barry 
Winkleman, the Times Books 
managing director, said last 

The advertisement due to 
appear on the paper’s books 
pages, was for The World: An 
Illustrated History , a compan- 
ion volume to a forthcoming 
Channel 4 television series, 
edited by Professor Geoffrey 
Parker from foe University of 

Mr Winkleman said: 
“When we inquired of The 
Observer why foe advertise- 
ment had not appeared we 
were told that foe print anions 
had demanded it be taken out 
or they would disrupt the 
paper. The advertising depart- 
ment were extremely apolo- 
getic. In fact they assured us 
that once The Observer moves 
to its new printing plant next 
year, it would not happen 

Mr Donald Trelford, the 
editor, was not available yes- 
terday. Miss Mary-Gmldine 
O'Donnell, in charge of the 
paper's display advertising 
department said : “I have no 
comment to make.” 

Mr Roger Harrison, chief 
executive of The Observer, 
said : “I am sure there was no 
threat to production. I hon- 
estly don't know what hap- 
pened with foe advert" 

ish Industry has called on 
former teachers of mathemat- 
ics and physics to return to the 
classroom in a bid to alleviate 
tiie growing problem of staff 
shortages in science subjects. 

Mr John Nisbet, director of 
foe CBTs Information Tech- 
nology Skills Agency which 
was established last year, said 
yesterday that there were 
some 23,000 qualified 
mathematics and science 
teachers aged under 60 who 
were not active in the 

“There have been many 
conferences on this subject 
which have analysed foe prob- 
lems without suggesting any 
solutions, and we are con- 
cerned that one source of 
supply in tiie short-term may 
have been overlooked" he 

Urgent action was needed 
because foe return of just a few 
hundred could have a trans- 
forming effect. 

Any campaign to urge peo- 
ple to return to teaching 
should focus particularly on 
women, Mr Nisbet said, be- 
cause although some might be 

working it was likely that 
any of the 

many of them were not in full- 
time employment 
• “This may well mean that 
local authorities will have to 
reconsider the terms of con- 
ditions of service," be added. 

Meanwhile, a pamphlet 
published by the Think British 
Campaign claims that 
industry’s dissatisfaction with 
Britain’s educational output is 

The organization, which 
draws on foe views of industry 
to promote interest in British 

unemployment, questioned 
more than 90 companies, 
including British Rafl and 
Unilever. Mr John Spencer, a 
marketing consultant who 
compiled foe report, entitled 
The Illiterate Generation, 
called yesterday for indus- 
trialists to put up the cash to 
enable Britain to return to a 
- traditional system of 

Britain is thought to have 
40,000 apprentices in industry 
at present, compared with a 
figure of 600,000 for West. 

• Hopes of an early settle- 
ment of foe teachers’ dispute 
in Scotland now depend on 
negotiations during a “trace” 
in foe run-up to Christmas, 
called by the Educational In- 
stitute of Scotland, tbe 
country’s largest teaching 

If a deal cannot be agreed 
then Scotland faces the worst 
industrial disruption of the 
two-year dispute and foe pros- 
pect that the Government will 
resort to legislation to impose 
a settlement. 

EIS leaders yesterday met 
Mr Malcolm Rifldnd, Sec- 
retary of State for Scotland, 
for the first time since the 
Government's proposed deal 
on pay and conditions was 
overwhelmingly rejected by. 
foe union’s membership. 

Mr Rifkind described 
yesterday’s meeting as con- 
structive. Mr John Pollock, 
EIS general secretary, said that 
calling off the strike would 
imply that great progress was 
made in yesterday’s talks. He 
said: “That would be inaccu- 
rate. A tiny step has been 

Channel 4 
cannot ‘go 
it alone’ 

By Jonathan Miller 

Media Correspondent 

A second report on foe 
future of Channel 4 commis- 
sioned by its directors was 

said last night to conclude that 

foe channel could not support 
itself financially if it were 
separated from the ITV 

The report, prepared by 
Channel 4’s accountants. Coo- 
pers ami Lybrand, directly 
contradicts tike as 
prepared for Channel 4 by 
Professor Alan Budd of the 
London Business SchooL 

Both foe Budd report and 
the Coopers and Lybrand 
study are to be released 

On December 16, the direc- 
tors of Channel 4 are expected 
to reject Budd and opt to 
continue their ties with foe 
commercial TV companies, 
who financed the start-up of 
Channe l 4 and continue to 

control all advertising sales. 

The Coopers add Lybrand 
study is raid to be basal on a 
review of the data used by 
Professor Budd. 

The conclusion that Chan- 
nel 4 could not be viable on its 
own is said to sit much better 
with Channel 4’s directors 
than that of Professor Budd. 

Sources said that ITV com- 
panies were furious with the 
Budd report, fearing that it 
oould lead to a situation in 
which they will have financed 
foe development of a direct 
commercial competitor. 

The final deration on the 
future of Channel 4 is ex- 
pected to be taken by foe 
government, as part of its 
review of broadcasting policy 
in light of the conclusions of 
foe Peacock Committee. 

But foe ITV companies are 
expected to fight hard against 
a change. The IBA strongly 
supports maintaining foe 
relationship between Channel 
4 and its ITV sponsors. 

says MP 

‘Economy-class’ MPs 
in foreign travel plea 

By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 
MPs who were obliged to fly committee received only 

bade from Japan in economy- 
class seats this autumn have 
organized a backbench protest 
about foe funding of overseas 
travel for select committees. 

Four members of tbe Select 
Committee on Employment 
have sponsored a Commons 
motion which makes no direct 
reference to their Japanese 
trip, but rays that “there have 
been persistent complaints 
about the inadequacy of foe 
funds available, foe arrange- 
ments for their allocation, and 
the conditions in which some 
committees have been re- 
quired to travel over long 

Tbe motion, signed by more 
than 30 Labour and Tory 
MPs, objects to the fact that 
£327,000 allocated for 
select committee foreign 
travel" this financial year has 
been exhausted in just eight 
months, and regrets that there 
will now be no more money 

A meeting of select commit- 
chairman decides each 
year how foe funds will be 
allocated. Tfae employment 

£25.000. substantially less 
than it had asked for, to fly to 
Japan for six days last October 
to investigate foe industrial 
relations practices 

To widespread indignation, 
it was obliged to make the 22- 
hour return trip in economy 
class seats, having avoided a 
timiliar fate on foe outward 
journey after last-minute up- 
grading by British Airways. 

One member of foe commi- 
ttee said yesterday: “It de- 
grades British MPs. Talk 
about wearing hairshirts, this 
fa absurd. It’s got to the stage 
where members are expected 
to travel steerage, it’s so bad." 

He rejected suggestions that 
select committees were often 
fond of expenses-paid trips. 

He said that the employ- 
ment committee had under- 
taken an intense programme 
during its stay in Japan. 
Members would not have 
objected to flying to Europe in 
economy class. But to return 
home from “one of the fur- 
thest points in the world", 
without being able to sleep, 
MC “just too much". 


New move to strengthen NI powers 

Legislation to strengthen 
the powers of the Northern 
Ireland Secretary, and the 
Royal Ulster Constabulary, to 
combat provocative parades 
and rallies in Ulster — and to 
give prater effectiveness to 
the intitemeat to hatred 
laws - should be on the stat- 
pte books by the early Spring, 
h time for next year’s “march- 
ing season.” 

The NI Secretary, Mr Tom 
King, yesterday pubtisheda 
draft Order in Council which 
will bring Ulster’s public order 
laws very closely into tine with 
foe new Public Order Act in 
mainland Britain. 

He also intends to repeal the 
Stormont Parliament’s 1954 

Flags and Emblems Act 
which be riaims fa redundant. 

It has not been used since 
1969, bat it fa a standing 
grievance with nationalists 
who perceive it as aimed solely 
at them. 

proposals met 



from “loyalists", bat were 
warmly welcomed by foe 
constitutional nationalists, tbe 
Social Democratic ami Ltlow 

The Northern Ireland Sec- 
retary fa giving six weeks fur 
consultations on tbe document 
he pabtished yesterday, invit- 
ing comments by January 16, 
leaving time for .tfae draft 

Order, possibly amended, to 
go before Parliament and come 
into effect in the Spring. 

There were 2^00 parades in 

' Northern Ireland during the 
summer monte this year, of 
which only a “very small" 
proportion had a provocative 
intent Bat some parades con- 
tained great potential for dis- 
order and were intended to 
intimidate, Mr King said. 

The proposed legislation 
will require organizers of pa- 

give tbe police seven 
notice, against five at present 
A senior police officer will be 
able to impose conditions mi 
any -parade or rally if he 

reasonably believes it wfl] 
result in serious public dis- 
order, da mage , or disruption. 

The NI Secretary will have 
tbe power to ban processions 
or meetings in conseqnoices of 
recommendations from the 
Chief Constable, “or for any 
other reason." 

Mr King described sugges- 
tions by loyalists that the 
reforms would allow Irish 
foreign minister Peter Barry to 
dictate where Orangemen 
could walk on July 12 as 
“fatuous" though conceding 
that Dsbtin had shown a 
“concerned interest” in seeing 
the Flags and Emblems Act 


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By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 
Labour activists in Blyth 
Valley who opposed the Mili- 
tant Tendency faced “physical 
intimidation", Mr John Rym- 
»n the moderate MP for the 
Northumberland seat said 

On one occasion, a dead 
mouse was dropped through a 
delegate's letter box with a 
note saying; “Your turn next” 
Mr Ryman was speaking 
after meeting Mr David 
Hughes, tbe Labour Party's 
national agent, to press de- 
mands for an inquiry into the 
conduct of business in the 
mining constituency. 

More than two dozen writ- 
ten complaints about the local 
leadership have been filed by 
party members and affiliated 
branches, trade unions and 
women’s sections, he said. 

Mr Ryman, aged 55, who 
has been at odds with the 
Blyth Valley hierarchy after 
dismissing his secretary and 
allegedly failing to cany out 
his constituency duties, is 
standing down at the next 
election. The local party meets 
on Saturday to select a new 
candidate from a shortlist of 

The MP, who entered Par- 
liament in 1955, said the other 
complaints included: 

Branches falsifying memb- 
ership numbers to gain extra 
seats on the ruling general 
committee of the local party. 

Rapid acceptance of appl- 
ications to join the party from 
people known to be sympa- 
thetic to Militant, while those 
of moderates were delayed or 

Tbe packing of general 
committee meetings with 
sgates from nonexistent 

Anti-Militant delegates be- 
ing refused permission to 
speak at branch and general 
committee meetings. 

A reselection meeting last 
year being brought forward at 
foe last moment to prevent 
moderates attending and vot- 
ing in a contest that Mr 
Ryman narrowly won. 

Mr Ryman has threatened 
to resign foe seat and force a 
by-election unless Labour 
Party headquarters bolds an 
inquiry into the allegations. 

The local party has said it is 
“baffled" by toe claims of 
Militant involvement in its 
affairs. It has a rale that the 
Militant newspaper could not 
be sold on its premises or at 


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Siege police shot man 
in the act of stabbing 
child, court is told 

An armed police officer shot 
a man through the bead as he 
was stabbing a gjri, aged four, 
through the neck, having al- 
ready killed her mother, it was 
alleged at the Central Crim- 
inal Court yesterday. 

• This was the “dramatic” 
end to a 29-hour siege in west 
London at Christinas last 

During it, a woman, aged 
22, was stabbed to death and 
her daughter hacked with a 
knife, dangled from a third- 
floor balcony and threatened 
with death, Mr Julian Bevan. 
for the prosecution, said- 

Errol Walker, of Tachbrook. 
Road, Southall, Middlesex, 
the man allegedy shot by 
police, has denied murder, 
attempted murder, wounding, 
false imprisonment and mak- 
ing a threat to kill. 

The siege began. Mr Bevan 
said, when Mr Walker, aged 
29, was seen climbing through 
the third-floor window of a 
council flat at Poynter Court, 
Nonholt Middlesex, on Chri- 
stmas Day. 

Inside were Miss Jackie 
Charles, aged 22, her daugh- 
ter, Carlene, aged four, and Mr 
Walker's own child, Patricia. 

Mr Walker went into the 
flat because he desperately 
wanted to see Marlene, his 
wife, who had been there 
moments before but had left. 

“Once inside he took Miss 
Charles and the children hos- 
tage, holding a knife to Miss 

Charles’s throat He then de- 
manded to see his wife.” Mr 
Bevan said. 

“Jackie Charles did not 
survive the ordeal. Within 15 
minutes she emerged through 
a window of the flat with fetal 
stab wounds in the neck. It is 
the Crown’s case that Walker 
deliberately stabbed her.” 

Soon after Miss Chaiies was 
stabbed, he said, Mr Walker 
released his own <fangfrt«- t 
who was taken away by police. 

Carlene remained alone 
with Mr Walker for the rest of 
the siege. 

“She did not survive 
unscathed,” Mr Bevan said. 
“Walker held that poor child a 
prisoner and repeatedly thr- 
eatened to kill her. 

“At one point he was seen to 
hack away at the fingers of her 
right hand, causing serious 
cuts to the tendons. 

“On another occasion he 
was seen to stab ho- through 
the right arm with his knife 
fausing a deep gash. 

“She was finally and merci- 
fully rescued dramatically on 
Boxing Day by armed police 

“Walker was shot in the 
bead by one of the officers 
who saw him in the act of 
stabbing the child. The knife 
was sticking out of her neck 
after she was rescued. 

“Walker repeatedly threat- 
ened to kill her in order to get 
his way. She was dangled by 
her clothes through a window 

during the siege.” Mr Bevan 

Earlier police officers had 
heard a woman screaming 
from inside the flat. 

“The next moment officers 
saw Jackie emerge headfirst 
through the window and land 
on her feet outside. She was 
taken to hospital, and died, 17 
minutes after coming out from 
the flat, from three stab 
wounds in her neck.” 

She had been stabbed below 
her eye, below her ear, in her 
collarbone, and on her arms 
and hands. Two of the wounds 
were five indies deep. 

Police faced the “difficult 
task in that long siege of 
rescuing the woman’s little 
daughter from die clutches of 
the defendant,” Mr Bevan 

“He was seen to cut her 
hand and appeared to hack 
away at her fingers, cutting the 
tendons to tbe bone. He then 
placed the knife at the back of 

die girl’s neck and threatened 
i km hi 

to kill her,” Mr Bevan said. 

She was screaming, but he 
took her to the rear window 
and threatened to drop her. 

“He then threatened to 
electrocute the girl - put her 
on a chair and bound her. 

“While she was still tied up 
he did get her some water - it 
was one of the few acts of 
humanity and mercy he 
showed her while in that flat,” 
Mr Bevan said. 

The case continues. 

Newsagent jailed 
in solvents case 

A newsagent who supplied 
typewriter correction fluid to a 
teenage boy who died from 
inhaling it, was sentenced to 
three months in prison 


Chandrakant Patel showed 
“total disregard” for the wel- 
fare of children who came to 
him to buy solvents, Mr 
Christopher Voelcker said 
when passing sentence at 

Tower Bridge Magistrates’ 
Court, east London. 

Mr Voelcker took less than 
10 minutes to find Patel guilty 
of two charges of supplying 
Lee Kendall, aged 14, with the 
fluid, knowing him to be 

under IS and aware that he 

intended to sniff iL 

The boy collapsed and died 
on August 8 after sniffing tbe 
fluid with friends in a park 
near his home at Hazel Way, - 
Bermondsey, south-east Lon- 

The boy’s death did not 
influence the verdict or sen- 
tence. Mr Voelcker said. “The 
fact that he did die in these 
circumstances highlights the 
tragic consequences which 
may result from the sniffing of 
solvents,” he said. 

“People in a position to 
supply such solvents to young 
persons must know that the 
courts will do everything in 
their power to protect the 
young from being supplied 
with solvents.” 

Patel aged 38, proprietor of 
a newsagents' shop in Dunton 

Road, Southwark, had denied 
selling one bottle of typewriter 
correction fluid thinners to the 

boy during the two weeks 
before he di 

died and supplying 

three or four bottles in ex- 
change for a cassette player. 

During the hearing, tbe 
magistrate said, there was 
evidence that children as 
young as nine had bought 
solvents to sniff. 

Mr John McKenzie. Patel’s 
solicitor, had accused two 
teenage witnesses of lying 
when they described how the 
newsagents sold thinners to 
the boy. 

Mr Voelcker said that he 
was sure the boys had “done 
their best” to teU the tratfoAs 
be announced his verdict, and 
sentenced the newsagent to 
three months for each charge, 
to nm concurrently, -Lee's 
mother and grandmother, 
burst into tears. 

Patel gave notice of appeal 
but the magistrate refused to 
grant bail until it was heard. 

After the hearing, Mrs Ma- 
ria Kendall aged 39, the boy’s 
mother, said she was “grate- 
ful” For the guilty verdicL 

“I think the sentence should 
have been higher,” she said. 
“Really this is a test case. No 
matter what be got it won't 
help me but this is for the rest 
of the children.” 

Mrs Kendall said she had no 
idea that her son was sniffing 
solvents. “I'll never under- 
stand why”, she said. 

firm fined 
over video 

Virgin Records, the 
cam pan y headed by the mil- 
lionaire Mr Richard Branson, 
was yesterday fined £100 for 
the way it promoted the best- 
selling children’s video Rupert 
Bear and the Frog Chorus. 

The company admitted 
breaches of the Trades 
Description Act in the market- 
ing of the cartoon, by Paul 
McCartney, which has sold 

over 200,000 copies. 

Branson's company, which 
has just been made public, was 
summonsed at Redbridge 
Magistrates’ Court, where it 
admitted to three offences: 

• advertising the video as a 
Rupert bear cartoon when it 
included two other cartoons 
hy Linda McCartney, one 
including a scene featuring a 
naked woman: 

O claiming the video ran for 
26 minutes when m facia was 
only 22 minutes and >u sec- 
onds long; 

• roMkeMgihefiimasair 

certificate, suitable for famuy 
viewing before it was cer*^^ 
bv the British Board of Fihn 

for Currie 

By Angella Johnson 

Mrs Edwina Currie, Under 
Secretary of State at tbe 
Department of Health and 
Social Security, says the eu- 
phoria she experiences after a 
successful public speech is so 
great she is often unable to 

In an interview with with 
Woman’s Own magazine, 
published this week, she de- 
scribed the after-effect as simi- 
lar to having an orgasm. 

“Tm hi gh for hours after- 
wards. It’s a marvellous feel- 
ing, like no other, and there 
have been occasions, after a 
real cracker that I simply 
haven't been able to deep 
afterwards, so I put on a video 
of Minder and sit^ watching 
television all night.” 

She said the inspiration for 
her speeches comes from tapes 
of Winston Churchill’s war- 
time orations which she plays 
in her car. 

As for her becoming Prime 
Minister, she said: “No thank 
you”. She preferred to five a 
more normal fife. 

‘Threat’ in 

By Stewart Tendler 
Crime Reporter 

A former policeman last 
night rhwtfti tknf officers 

extracted confessions from 
men convicted of tbe Bir- 
mingham bombings after 
intimidatfag them with the 
threat of guns, dogs and 

The claims were made by 
Mr Tom Clarice, a police 
constable on duty in the 
Bi rmingh am police station 
where the men were taken and 
held after their arrest at 
Heysham 12 years ago, in the 
wake of the bombing in which 
21 people died. 

Mr Oaihe's evidence may 
gin fresh impetus to the 
caapagD to free the convicted 
men. He has provided the first 
open confirmation of the men’s 
long-standing claims of violent 
mistreatment bordering on 
tortnre by police after their 

Mr Clarice made his allega- 
tions in a Granada Television 
World In Action inognuame 
which raised questions about 
forensic evidence against sev- 
eral of the six convicted. 

Shortly before the pro- 
gramme Granada sent affida- 
vits from Mr Clarke and a 
scientist to die Home Office, 
where the case is being studied 

by Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary. 

Sr John Farr, Conservative 
MP for Harbarough and a 
campaigner to reopen the case, 
said he thought that foe 
former policeman was telling 
the troth. He called on the 
Home Secretary to reopen the 


Mr Clarke left the police in 
1978 after he was convicted for 

stealing £5 from a prisoner in a 
case in which he pleads mno- 
ce ray . 

At Queens Road police sta- 
tion, where the men were held. 
Mr Clarke said he saw them 
and “I have never seen men so 
fnghtened hi all my Kfe_Jbey 
were petrified. During the 
course of my period of 16 
boors that 1 was there during 
tire time the prisoners were 
there they were not allowed to 

steep for one second”. 

Mr Clarke described how 
one prisoner was made to sit at 
attention white another was 
made to stand at a tt en ti o n . He 
described guns being poked 
throagh the window in the cell 
door u the prisoners did not do 
wkat die police wanted. 

On another occasion a pol- 
ice dog was taken to the 
entrance to a cell “and started 
barking ririoosly at tbe pris- 
oner in the cefl. Personally 1 
would have beet petrified 
beyond belief I would not have 
thought I was in this country.” 

The former policeman's 
desc ri ption* tallied with de- 
tails given by a number of the 
men about their ifl-treafanent 

Drug use was ‘dangerous’ 

* ... (a- ?n He emphasized that 

Dr Joseph 

erafflSt, a d™ 6 10 a 

Seal W&’pW 


the treatment for around 20 
years he had never had a 
mishap or even a person being 
sick. “Either Tm miraculously 
lucky or it is safe in the way I 
use iL” 

Dr Lewis replied: “Or you 
just didn’t notice the dang- 

He emphasized that he 
understood a basic principle 
of psychiatry to be to remove a 
patient’s dependency on his 
doctor as soon as possible. 

DrJaffe said that every time 
he had tried to “wean” Mr 
Watersofl off tbe treatment, 
so mething happened which 

triggered a setback. 
Mrs C 

Chaim aine Owen, Dr 

induct commiiteebearfogm 

against* ghfrrf of ^ ouS P^ 
^rTaffeStatin using 

and injections 
ijl, confused and less able to 
cope eilher ai home or id bis 

business. . , 

Mr David Boll chairman of 
the panel asked why after 
such a long cornse of treat- 
ment, Dr Jaffe had not re- 
ferred Mr Watson to a 
consultant psychiatrist. 


that she made “provocative 
advances” towards him 


Mr Peter Lee (top) travelling 
on the Loudon Underground, 
covered with the “PortobeLfo 
Market” poster (below) de- 
signed by Mr James Feet, a 
fellow artist Posters of their 
work were put np on Under- 
ground walls yesterday. 
They have followed the tra- 
dition of the earlier London 
Transport posters, which 
were prod need by artists 
such as Whistler, Moore, 
Sutherland, and Eckersky. 
(Photograph: John Gilmoar) 

New police plea 

on Hindley visit 

By Ian Smith, Northers Correspondent 

Del Chief Supt Peter Top- 
ping will today meet Home 
Office officials for a second 
time to seek permission to 
take Myra Hindley from jail to 
the moors where he is leading 
the search for more bodies. 

Mr Topping hopes that 
Hindley will end the so- far 
unsuccessful search of 
SaddJewortft Moor and pin- 
point the graves of Keith 
Bennett, aged 12, and Pauline 
Reade, aged 16. 

The Home Office has de- 
layed making * decisionsmce 
Mr Topping originally sought 
permission to take Hindley 
from Cookham Wood jail in 
Rochester, Kent, to the scene 
where she and Ian Brady are 
believed to have buried their 

It has yet to be convinced 
that Hindley will provide new 

information if the visit takes 

From her cell yesterday 
Hindley turned down a re- 
quest by Keith Bennett’s 
mother. Mrs Winifred John- 
son, for a meeting. Mrs John- 
son attempted to gain ad- 
mission to the prison on 
Saturday and then sent a letter 
to Hindley through prison 

Mr Michael Fisher, a solic- 
itor, spent two hours with 
Hindley yesterday. He said 
that he had advised her 
against the visits because he 
felt any information she still 
had should be passed on 
directly to Mr Topping. 
Hindley herself was concerned 
about the distress that would 
be causal both to her and Mrs 
Johnson if the meeting took 

Man faces 

3 charges 
of murder 

A man aged 28 was charged 
with three murders when he 
appeared in court in Guildford, 
Surrey, yesterday and was re- 
manded in custody for seven 

The man. a Londoner, was 
already on remand accused of 
murdering a schoolgirl and of 
three rapes. He was charged 
with two more murders and 
another rape in court yesterday. 

He has been charged with the 
murders of Maanje Tamboezer, 
aged IS, at West Horsley, Sur- 
rey, on April 17; Miss Alison 
Day, aged 19, a secretary, on 
December 29, 1985, at Hackney 
Wick, London; and Miss Anne 
Lock, aged 29. another sec- 
retary, in Hertfordshire between 
May 18 and July 2i. 

He has also been accused of 
raping a girl aged 17, on 
February 24, 1985; raping a giri, 
aged 18, on November 20, 1985; 
raping a giri, aged 14, on 
October 21 and raping a girl 
.aged 15, last April 


Winner to 

invest in 

gas shares 

A computer consultant with 
tire Post Office is planning to 
buy British Gas shares with 
some of his Portfolio Gold 
winnings. _ 

Mr Peter Brooker, aged S3, 
of Brkket Wood, St Albans, is 
one of three winners who 
shared yesterday’s £4,000 
competition prize. He said: “1 
celebrate my birthday tomor- 
row, so this money will come in 
handy as an early present-” 

A syndicate ofI8 workers in 
the personnel department of 
M ai dstone Health Authority 
will share one-third of yester- 
day’s prize money. 

Tbe staff decided to pool 
their cards to _ increase the 
chances of winning and stored 
the nambers on a computer for 
easy daily checks. It was Mr 
Norman Aers, of Dittou, 
Maidstone, the district 
personnel officer, who held tire 
winning combination. 

Mr Anthony Barker, a 
amveisity student, of Porf- 
rnsh, Co Antrim, Northern 
Ireland, was the other winner. 
Portfolio Gold cards can be 

addressed envelope to: 
Portfolio Gold. 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 

BB1 6AJ. 

Mr Peter Brooker, an 
early bothday present 

of her 


the encouragement 

She denied the relationship 
was anything other than 

The hearing continues. 

When East heads West, you're in for a pleasant 
surprise. Each Air-lndia hostess will cater to your 
every need with the genlleness and courtesy that 
are a unique part of the Indian culture. And she is 

able to devote more time to you, because we assign 
more cabin crew to first class. So before you arrive 
in the hurly burly of New York, enjoy the serenity 
and service that make Air-lndia shine. 



December 1 1986 


I will not resign, 
Havers assures 

the Commons 

Sir Michael Havers, the Attor- 
ney General, declared that he 
had no intention of resigning, he 
had not kowtowed to the Prime 
Minister, be was quite able to 
look after his own independence 
and be would accept no in- 
fluence when acting in his 
capacity as prosecutor. He was 
answering questions in the 
Commons on the implications 
of the Peter Wright case in 

He had received wonderful 
and loyal support from the 
Prime Minister, for which he 


Sir Michael Havers: I am 
surprised at Mr Abse. I am. quite 
able to look after my own 
independence and I always 
have. He must realize, and as a 
lawyer I am surprised he does 
not, that this was a government 
derision and I, like all my fellow 
ministers, accept collective res- 

Mr Jeremy Hayes (Harlow, Q: 
Most, if not all, of us on the 

was extremely gratefuL Later, he ™ u? 

said that if former security feel ** 

service officers were allowed to °? s - beh * ved honour and 

write books Britain would prob- 
ably end with no important 
secrets left. 

Opening the exchanges, Mr 
Date Gampbell-Savonrs (Work- 
ington. Lab) asked: Would he 
noL accept that there is no 
government indivisibility on 
questions of criminal prosecu- 
tion and those decisions are 
uniquely and exclusively de- 
cisions of the Attorney General? 

Would he not accept that if 
the Government bad wanted to 
stop the Pincher and West 
books they could have done so 

dignity throughout the whole of 
these proceedings. 

Would he agree that none of 
this sorry saga would have 
occurred in this way if one 
former intelligence officer had 
not put greed before principle 

Immediately before Mr Camp- 
bell-SavoBrs's question to Else 
Attorney General was reached, 
there was load laughter all 

points of order arising from Mr 
Kin nock’s proposed statement 

in the House last Friday and the 
release of it to the press after he 
had shown it to the Speaker. 

Mr Richard Hkknut (Glanford 
and Scunthorpe, Q said that the 
document to which referen ce 
was being made arose out of an 
early day motion tabled by 
himself, signed by 52 colleagues. 

Was it in order for a so-called 
personal statament to be made, 
issued through The Speaker’s 
office . . . 

The Speaker: It was not issued 
through my office in any way. It 
was not issued through my 
office at all. I have already s a i d 
it was not a personal statement. 
Mr Hjckmec In view of tbe 
contents of this document, 
would you rule, Mr Speaker, 
whether it would not be proper 
for the Leader of the Opposition 
not to bold this House in 
contempt but to come borne and 
explain to the House why he is 
colluding with those who seek to 
undermine security in thiscoun- 

“ "y 1 .. try and why be has behaved with 

rotmd the cumber whmMre dishonour. 

by taking action under Section 2 
of the Official Secrets Act 

of the Official Secrets Act 
against those who leaked to 
West and Fincher, including Air 
Martin? Also, action could have 
been taken against West and 
Pincher themselves and against 
the publishers of the two books. 

In so far as be did not take 
action, has be not been negligent 
and should be not now consider 

Sir Michael Havers: Of course 
he is right that when r am 
wearing my hat as Attorney 
General as prosecutor nobody 
can influence me. and I would 
not accept any influence in any 

When the Government is 
acting as the Government in 
civil proceedings, 1 happen by 
tradition to be tbe nominal 
plaintiff and that is what is 
happening here. 

I answered his question last 
week and there is nothing 1 wish 
to add to that about prosecu- 
tions of any of those particular 

As for resigning, I have no 
intention to resign (Conser- 
vative cheers). I have had the 
most wonderful, loyal support 
from the Prime Minister (la- 
bour laughter) for which T am 
extremely grateful 
Mr Ivor Stan brook (Orpington, 
O: Did one of those occasions 
to which he referred concern the 
successful action against the 
book One Girl's War and would 
he tell us about the principles on 
which he acts in such cases? 

Sir Michael Havers: The prin- 
ciple concerning that book of 
the late Mrs Morris is exactly 
the same principle on which we 
have started the proceedings in 
the Australian court. 

Air Leo Abse (Torfaen, Lab): 
Would he agree that when all the 
spy froth has disappeared, tbe < 
important feet is whether or not I 
his office remains inviolate and ; 
not dominated by the Prime j 
Minister or any so-called collec- i 
live derision? ( 

On what basis and on what 
precedent does be base the view i 
that he in feet is able to have < 
instructions on civil matters, f 
such as are taking place in I 
Australia, and as has been t 
can vassed in The Times dearly 5 
on information coming from No s 
10? On what basis does he base * 
this view that he can take i 
instructions from the Cabinet to s 
commence proceedings? t 

Does he not realize there is (i 
widespread concern in the Bar, a 
in the legal profession and in P 
every libertarian that his office u 
has been assailed and be is being b 
manipulated by the Prime Min- tl 
ister dominating the whole of A 
these proceedings? a 

Virginia Bottomley (Sooth West 
Surrey, C) asked, in a question 
about family courts, whether the 
law officers had had time to 
consider the situation hi Aus- 

Sir Patrick Mayhew, the SoUc- 

Mr Dennis Skinner (Bobover, 
Lab): It has crossed my mind 
and no doubt the opinions of 
many other people in this House 
that we ought to be looking 
again at the possibility of a 
debate in view of the feet that 

Ministers plan 
to help North 
Sea companies 


.1 1** 


To stimulate further research 
and development work among 
North Sea oil companies af- 
fected by the drop in world oil 

prices, tbe Government had 
decided to help those most 
seriously affected, Mr Norman 
Lament, Financial Secretary to 
the Treasury, said in the Com- 
mons when he succ e s sf ully 
moved the second reading of tbe 
Advanced Petroleum Revenue 
Tax Bill . „ „ . .. 

He snvf that the fell in. oil 
prices had hnH a marked effect 
on the economics of North Sea 
activity, which had presented oil 
companies and the off-shore 
supply industry with difficult 
transitional problems. 

The industry had had to 
reassess project plans and had 
begtm to meet tbe challenge by 
seeking ways to improve the 
economics of future projects by 
undertaking research mid de- 
velopment imo lower cost 
development techniques. 

“Against this background, 
what the Government fat was 
needed was a measure which 
would operate directly cm ml 
company cash flow. But the 
Government did not feel it was 

seek*ro bolster ^^castMJow of 


been available to help to reduce 
advance petrol nun tax liabil- 
ities arising subsequently on the 
same field, or become repayable 

to the company five years after 
the first payment of APRT in 

the first payment of APRT in 
respect of that field was made. 

So the reduction in oil tax 
revenues this year would be 
fully ofisec by corresponding 
increases in oil tax revenues 
over the next three fimniriai 


“The repayments will alle- 
viate some of the cash diffi- 
culties of the oil industry and 
will provide additional foods for 
investment in tbe North Sea 
over the coming year”, he sakL 
Mr Bryan Gould, an Opposition 
spokesman on trade and in- 
dustry, said that the oil industry 
had raced dificulties because of a 
worldwide, two-thirds cut in 
prices. The Chancellor seemed 
in doubt if this was in &ct a 
problem or not; for tbe Chan- 
cellor all economic news which 
arose under his jurisdiction had 
to be good. 

When the price of oil rose, it 
was good news for the economy 

every oil company, regardless of of the country, likewise, when it 

W s * a * tbe Tories want to take part in it 
of little else. Perhaps tomorrow we might 

Mrs Virginia Bottomley. 

and one Leader of the Opposi- 
tion had not put ambition 
before his country? (Conser- 
vative cheers, Labour protests) 
Sir Michael Havers: 1 am not 
responsible for the Leader of the 
Opposition. But on his first 
point, the idea that we can allow 
officers or ex-officera of the 
security services to go and write 
books probably would end up 
with us having no important 
secrets which ought to be 

Mr John Morris, chief Opposi- 
tion spokesman on legal affairs: 
Will he confirm that the de- 
rision to prosecute a receiver as 
well as a supplier allegedly in 
breach of the Official Secrets Act 
is a matter solely for the 
Anoniey General? 

Will he also confirm that it is 
the Attorney General's duty to 
determine the public interest 
before commencing injunctive 
proceedings to ban a book and 
not for ministers collectively, on 
the precedents of the Gomiet 
case and The Crassman Diaries? 

Why was he not consulted on 
the Pincher book? Is it another 
example of the Prime Minister 
flouting convention, as in the 
teak of the law officer’s letter in 
the Westland case? 

Sir Michael Hams: If 1 an- 
swered all those questions we 
would not have the next min- 
ister at the despatch box. It is the 
same old story. He really gets 
too party political on occasions 
(Labour laughter). Just as he 
accuses me of kowtowing to the 
Prime Minister — which is to- 

have the unusual position 
whereby a general application 
for a Standing Order 20 [an 
emergency debate] shall be 
made. Not only will we hear 
what they have to say about the 
Leader of the Opposition but 
many of us will want to draw the 
connection between the Prime 
Minister’s involvement in the 
affair and that parliamentary 
wimp that goes as Attorney 

Mr John Riflen, Leader of the 
House: Is it in order to describe 
any Member of Parliament, the 
Attorney General, as a par- 
liamentary wimp? 

The Speaker: 1 do not know 
whether it is un parliam entary It 
is certainly a very undignified 
and offensive word to use and I 
think it should be withdrawn. 

Mr Skinner: He (the Attoney 
General) has been lacked from 
pilfer to post by the Tories. 

The Speaker: I would ask him to 
withdraw that word wimp. 
Otherwise I must ask him to 
leave the chamber. 

Mr Sktaner: I am prepared to 
substitute it for wally (laughter). 
Mr Peter Shore (Bethnal Green 
and Stepney, Lab): Mr Hidanet 
referred to Mr Kinnock’s behav- 
iour as behaviour with dis- 
honour. 1 do not think that is 
parliamentary or acceptable. I 
hope you will be as stern with 
him as you were with Mr 

The Speaker: Would he with- 
draw the word dishonour? 

Mr Hidanet: 1 withdraw that 
statement But Mr Speaker, in 
his tetter the Leader of the 
Opposition . . . 

Tl© Speaker: Thank you very 
much (laughter). 

Mr Robert Hayward (Kings- 
wood, C) said Mr Hidanet had 
willingly withdrawn his state- 
ment about the Leader of the 
Opposition. He bad not heard a 
similar withdrawal from Mr 

The Speaker It was perfectly 
audible from this end of the 
chamber. He introduced one 1 
very offensive word in exchange 
for another... 

Mr Michael Brown (Brigg and 
Oeelhorpes, C): Yon indicated i 
just now that as far as you were I 
concerned, Mr Skinner had l 
withdrawn one offensive word 1 
and replaced with another ... t 

Speaker denies Labour 
an emergency debate 

its own resources. 

The Government's aim had 
been to home in on those 
companies where the redaction 
in cash flow from their North 
Sea operations could act as a 
real constraint on the ability to 
press ahead with develo pm ent 
work. It was also considered 
essential that any boost to 
company cash flow should have 

a more or less immediate effect. 

“With the advance petroleum 
revenue tax measure embodied 
m this Bill, the Government 
thinks it has achieved these 

Mr John Morris, Opposition 
spokesman oa legal affairs, 
unsuccessfully sought an emer- 
gency debate on the office and 
conduct of the Attorney GeneraL 
Mr Morris said that the matter 
was specific because it arose 
from tbe evidence in Australia of 
Sir Robot Armstrong (tbe Cabi- 
net Secretary) in which be 
withdrew earlier testimony that 
the decision not to seek to 
prevent pobUcatlon of tire earlier 
book T heir Trade is Treachery 
was made by tbe Attorney 

It was important because it 
was commonly understood that 
the decision os what was in tbe 
pnbife interest was a matter for 
the Attorney General and did 
not engage the collective re- 
sponsibility of government 
(Conservative MPs: Wing). 

That had been the under- 
standing of Sir Robert Arm- 
strong. There had been pre- 
cedents, inducting the Crajamaa 
Diaries and the Gonriet case 
where the derision to seek an 
htiaadion was taken, even if he 
had not known it, by the 
Attorney GeneraL 
“The Prune Minister (old the 
House last Thursday that in the 
Wright case derisions were 
taken by the Government 
not by particular ministers. Tbe 
Government, she said, are 

“If that is what happened it is i 
a radical departure. The matter j 
is urgent in that there is 
apparently this departure from 
wen known and established 

' “The role of the Attorney , 
General as an independent legal 
offito of the 'Government is I 
deemed superfluous. 

Other anonymous lawyers . 
sapptsM that role. Ministers, 
aad partkabriy the Prime Mfa- 
ister, as in tbe natter of the " 

“I was phoned by a distin- 
gni&bed member of the Press 
Gallery whose name I gave to a 

derfc of the House yesterday aad 
I spoke to the Attorney General 
today on tbe question of the Law 
Officers store. He wondered, 
when the phone behaved in a 
very strange manner, that there 
would be interference. 

W I have farther to report that I 
was phoned last sight at 8pm by 
someone who purported to be 
John Gordon, giving informa- 
tion which ebrionaly came from 
a my informed source. 

“when I put it to him that 
that was not his real name. 
that he had better be very 




Mr Antony Marlow. Con- 
cern over cash for Op- 

carrfal, he said that he under- 
stood perfectly wdL He had not 
given his real name because be 
understood that my phone was 
tampered with. 

“I would not have raised the 
matter had it been simply a 

letter of tbe Solicitor General in myeli; bat it is 

tbe Westland affiiir, assume for ““curing tor more important - 

Peers in 

■ ■ _ . — i wnim wi "iui OUVUIIfl . _ _ 

rally untrue — I expect he may The Speaker: I did not say that 
be responding to the requests of (cries of “You did”). I said he 
c b introduced another word, which 
Ihe n Spea,ce ^ 1 ftequemly see in the news- 
and each other m a flurry of papers. 

themselves tbe Attorney Gen- J!*® ta*$er of the 

eral's long-standing constitn- ®*%i with the 

tioaal rote to give advice. He is S® 1 * history of Footing, and 
answerable to the Hoase of “* Diaries, It is 

ua - . . ... mmethlnv huw ^ 

Commons. If there is a cxmstite- “™ etU “P m °re serious — tbe 


By Omr Political Staff 

Bishop will try to 
stop railway plan 

tional departure it should be 
defatted by the House. 

The Speaker (Mr Bernard 

me of the Leader of tbe 

1 doBOtjmp to nay conclu- 

WeatberiD) said that be had b*ve newspapers 

listened with care to what Mr ““ Da *b Mirror to The 

Morris bad mH, bet bis sole Telegraph raisei tbeqnes- 

dnty was to decide whether the P®" « how information came to 
matter should have precedence J? 10 P® bGc domain in rec- 

over other business and whether S®“ 5° telephone calls between 
it met the necessary criteria. ™*L Leader qf^ the Opposition 
“I regret that I cannot find *“* Anstraha?” 

By Sheila Gunn, Political Staff 

that the matter raised meets all This was a matter which 

Forty peers set out on a fect- 
finding mission to Kent next 
week at the start of a fierce 
lobbying campaign in the 
House of Lords over the 
£6.7 billion Channel tunnel. 

Mr Tony Hart, leader of 
Conservative-controlled Kent 
County Council, has invited 
the 40 peers to Maidstone to 
explain the council's stance, 
which is generally in favour, 
with reservations. 

They have been picked for 
having Kent links and include 
Lord Astor of Hever, Lord <fe 
I'Lisle. Lord Chappie, Lord 
Scarman. Lord Aldington, 
Lord Scanlon, Lord Moac- 
kion of Brenchiey and Lord 

Local residents and others 
opposing the rail link are 
pinning their hopes on “a fair 
hearing” by the peers to make 
changes to the Channel Tun- 
nel BilL Many of the 5,000 
people who petitioned the 
Commons select committee 
on the Bill complained that 
they were not allowed to argue 
against the project and they 
expect the peers to be more 
willing to listen to all 

The Bill starts its detailed 
scrutiny by a Commons stand- 
ing committee today, but the 
only chance the public has left 
to give evidence wifl be to a 
select committee in the House 
of Lords at the beginning of ! 
□ext year. • 

The membership of the 
committee will not be decided 
until after the Bill has cleaned * 
the Commons, although it is * 
already arousing speculation. s 

The Bishop of London, Dr 
Graham Leonard, will at- 
tempt tonight to block the 
building of the £100 million 
rail link between the City and 
London’s docklands because 
of fears about the Canary 
Wharf development 

vast docklands developments , 
on the character of the East 

The report of the select 
committee on the Bill con- 
cluded that changes in the way 
of life of the people living 
around docklands were in- 

cretejw and I ranaot there- sho«M su rely be the subject of a 

fore submit hi$ application to Borernment statement. The ba- 
the House." sic question was whether the 

Mr Tam DalyeU (Linlithgow, sssarance in 1983 solemnly 
jLab) sought an emergency de- by the Prime Minister and 

bate on interference with MPS 

repeated in the Hoase of Lords 
te.ff” 1 Jenkins of Putney was 

He said that on October 31, wWL 
1983, he asked the Prime Min- Could they be certain that 

■dlir «> « . ._i _ IUDr< .L. _ 

He has put down an amend- evitable after the Government 
ment which, if approved, will created the urban devekro- 

Ctnn ln*» T nn/lnn — — — - - * _ * 

Bier a question about telephone MPs’ phones were not affected, 
topping (o which she had given Ir aot > they should have an 

stop the London Docklands 
Railway (City Extension) Bill 

him a substantive answer. explanation of what lmd hap- 

®- pened to the phone oftfee Leader 

* of the Opposition. 

■ a Tbe Speaker: I have listened to 

■ what Mr DafyeD said with care 
« but I do not consider it appro- 
™ priate far discussion under the 

standing order. Nevertheless, it 
a is a sen oos matte am! I am am 
re the whole House will have 
listened with care. 

I He later said that he would 
>y look into the question of whether 

* MPs’ telephones in the Houses 
*• of Parliament were interfered 
n with. 

Mr Aatotxy Marlow (Northamp- 
>* ton North, C) then s o ug h t an 
d emergency debate on the urgent 
7 need to review finan cial support 
from public foods far opposition 
parties, because there was 
unique Opposition with a unique 

■ Leader of the Opposition. It was 
gravely important matter. 

There wra u previous experi- 
ence of a inivy counsellor involve 
rag himself with a lawyer in 
o p p osi t ion to tbe Crown in a 
oonrt case in a foreign country on 
issues relating to national 

■ security. 

Mr Khmock had said In a 
letter to tbe Speaker that he has 
been involved in several phene 
calls with a Mr Turnbull fa 
Australia. The sequence was 
initiated bya Mr Leigh, who is, I 
understand, a dose acquaint- 
ance of Mr Khmock. 

Subsequently there were two 
phone calls from Mr Charles 
Clarke of Ac Leader of the 
Opposition's office to Mr ; 
TarnbtdL This was followed by ’ 
five caffs from Mr Turnbull to 1 
tiie Leader of the Opposition’s 
office. 1 

“If one assraes charitably 1 
that Mr Clarke was the fanoceat 1 
seeker after truth fa ringing that 
office, that truth was available to 1 
tbe Leader of tbe Opposition by ‘ 
other means, so what was the ' 
role of Mr Torn buff? t 

The Speaker said that be (fid not 1 
consider the matte appropriate tl 
for an emergency debate. 1 

•Mr Tony Banks (Newham 
North West, Lab) asked The 
Speaker: You say quite ifahtiy 
that you protect the rigfcteaad 
interests of backbenchers™ tins 1 
Hoase. Can you give ns an J 
assurance in view of tbe previous 
statements made in this House 
and outside that tbe rights also 
extend to MPS and the ^ 
con fi d enti ality of their tele- T 
phones calls, fa terns of direct ^ 
tapping or through GCHQ. 

Can you give an assurance 
that conversations by MPs en ltl 
tbe telephone fa this place are P 
actually fa confidence? a ' 

Can yon also tell us whether °° 
tiie rates which have been . 
followed by successive prime “ 
““rasters about taps on tele- ™ 
ptews of members still apply ? N( 
The Speaker: The answer to *** 
both questions is yes. On tele- 
pfcraes of members inside this ^ 
House, I propose to look into 
tius nutter. esi 

objectives. The early repayment 
of APRT under the Bill's pro- 
visions will boost, cm a carefiilly 
targeted basis, oil company cash 

targeted basis, oil company cash 

“It will increase by around 
£300 million the amount of cash 
available for investment in the 
North Sea by oil companies 
benefit ting from the re- 

Such considerations would 
normally be a Finance Bill 
matter, but to avoid delay the 
Government had decided on 
action early in the session. That 
would enable all repayments 
due under the terms of tbe Bill 
to be in the hands of the oil 
companies early next year so the 
cash would be available for their 
1987 expenditure pr n g m wnw-t 
The Bill provided for the 
repayment of APRT credits, up 
to a ceiling, due to oil companies 
participating in oil fields which 
had not yet readied their net 
profit or payback period. It 
therefore, directed repayments 
of APRT credits to companies 
with Adds which had yet to 
generate any net cash flow 
which could be used to finance 
farther development. 

There would be propor- 
tionally more bdp to small and 
medium-size companies. These 
tended to have fewer sources of 
finance than the major inte- 
grated companies which, al- 

feli it was good news. Tbe 
t Chancellor was like tbe weather 
‘ forcaster who always said that it 
1 was going to be good irext day on 
1 the assumption that one day his 
1 prediction would torn out to be 
* true. 

[ Tbe improbability of both 
1 statements being correct should 
1 warn the House against believ- 
ing too much of what tbe 
Chancellor said. 

It was hard to see how a fell of 
two-thirds in the world price of a 
nay or national asset could con- 
ceivably be anything other than 
had news for the economy. It 
might be good in tbe short term 
to stimulate trade on a world 
basis, but since the United 
Kingdom was a producer as well 
as a consumer, there would be a 
downside to any small benefit 
which might be attained. 

Contrary to ail that had been 
predicted and boned for- tbe 
belief that North Sea oil would 
regenerate the economy, maiw 
possible fester growth and pro- 
vide more oppor tu nities and 
jobs — h was found that North 
Sea oil generated unemploy- 
ment and that the revenues and 
benefits gained from it had to be 
used to pay the unemployed. 

It was a remarkable dory of 
incompetence and one that had 
yet to be fully told and folly 
appreciated by the British 

A Labour government would 
have used those revenues and 
resources to re-equip British 
industry. . 

If it had meant importing. 
Labour would have imported 
not consumer goods to be 
frittered away but capital equip- 
ment and components to over- 
come bottlenecks. Labour 
would have made sure that the 
money strengthened, not weak- 
ened, British industry. 

Dr Michael Clark (Rochford, C) 
said that ARPT had squeezed 
the cash flow out of companies 

in the financial position of needed money, at the start ofoti 
upstream production activities, field devetonmem. 

had benefited from an offsetting 
increase in profitability of their 
downstream, refining activities. 

It was not only the oil 
companies that would benefit 
Increased activity was also in 
tbe interests of the supply sector. 

The revenue effects of ad- 
vancing the repayment of 
APRT, as provided in the Bill, 
would be a net reduction of oil 
tax revenues of up to £310 mil- 
lion in 1986-87. 

The amounts repaid under 
the Bill would otherwise have 



needed money, at the start of oil 
field development. 

The tax should be brought to a 
sudden death rather than bring 
allowed to linger on for another 
two years. 

Mr Charles Kennedy (Ross, 
Cromarty and Stye. SDP) said 
the measure was long overdue. 
He could give it only a some- 
what grudging welcome because 
it was only a first, small step 
towards providing the con- 
ditions to encourage oil de- 

. “The outlook for the oil 
industry in Scotland is ex- 
tremely gloomy. A year ago the 
industry there directly cm- 

over case 

The British Government is 
handicapped in retaining some 
of the suggestions being “ban- 

meat corporation. 

Inevitably the character 

getting a third reading in the and appearance of the dock- 
House of Lords until there has lands themselves will undergo 
P 6 ® 1 “ "exh austive inquiry" change as a result of a fest rail 

into the effects of tbe develop- 
ment on London as a whole 
and on the East End in 

His move has surprised 
London Regional Transport, 
planning the 1.1-mile fink, 
which expected the Bill to 
finish its passage without a 

link with the City, but no 
more so than as a result of 
other recent schemes of 

• A meeting behind the 
scenes in the Lords today win 
decide who will sit on the 
experimental standing com- 

Driving campaign begins 

It was necessary to remind the — , . . 

11 was necessary to remind the 
public every week and month of 
the year that drinking and 
driving did not mix, Mr Pete 
®«rfomley, Under-Secretary of 
State for T ransport, said in a 
reference to his department’s 
Lnnsunas advertising cam- 


railway extension is constd- SuriiSSn^f3,^S? 0n » of 

the 10 million square feet of feader nf^T n^c £ 
officespace planned at Canary 

Lord Sefton of Garstoo, a ^“£5” JP «*” 

Labour peer, has also tabled SSL SSLJLJ" 6 Govem- 
an amendment rallino fiw * 52 1 ** a spate of 

an amendment calling for a defetts ttasTuiSn? 

select committee faqtmy into aeteaIS tius autumn - 

Canary Wharf but without fr" 51 Bill chosen for the 

blocking the BilL Lord Sefton experiment is the pilotage 
is chairman of the North West measure, which reforms the 
Economic P lanning Council control of pilots working 
and has attacked the Canary around the coastline. 

Wharf development as “high- Many peers, how 
lighting the problems of high already doubting w 
costs and congestion in the will be any quicker to 
Santh-easi . Biirs exami 

, , Leonard s move is committee of 14 peer 
tacked by the London Chur- the whole House, bee 
cnes Trust, a cross-denomina- peer is allowed to 
Uonal group worried about the idence or to table 
social consequences of tbe menxsatalaterstaee. 

gMjKATpE ^ssssisssis 

miitoe bemg formed to try to L100 people a year were killed 
g»ed me consideration of py dnvers who had been drink- 
Btlls. It is one of the proposals, *. n S- The posters brand drinking 
announced by Lord Whitelaw. a menace to society, 

leader of the Lords, to prevent ifz, w 4J* a ? 1 ,WD (Corby, a 
a backlog of work at theend of fh r d ^ was a n ^ cd 


men.-, sSb&A !ffi15SE5iSE.1S 

defeats this autumn. warnings that came particularly 

The first Bifl chosen for the 

experiment is the pilotage Fife, SbT < §"5S 
measure, which reforms the probably agreed that people who 
control of pilots working drank and drove wens potential 
around the coastline. murderers and there would be 

Manv neers. however am JE?5P l ' 5Bd . public support for 

will be any quicker to have the 
Bill’s drafting examined by a 
committee of 1 4 peers than bv 

er to have the I uem of his was killed by one of 
cammed by a I drivers who got only an 
peers than by I ^monition and _ a five-year 

men is at a later stage. 

ing. Thai was what cut out the 
accidents, injuries and fatalities. 

Mr Psurick Cormack (South 
Staffordshire, Q: Would it not 
be appropriate for those who kHJ 
when they drink and drive to be 
charged with manslaughter 
Mr Bottomley: That is not a 
matter for this department. 

Mr Roland Boyes (Houghton 
and Washington, Lab Y- The 
problem will be made worse by 
the growth of hand-held phones 
m cars. We will have some 
drunken drivers driving around 
and at the same time making a 
phone caff. 

While I recognize that tbe 
mini ster is putting a strong 
paragraph in the Highway Code 
next year, is it not time to 
outlaw hand-held phones when 
there is a suitable and adequate 
alternative available? 

Mr Bottomley: I am grateful to 
him for drawing attention to the 
wear advice coming in ihe 
Highway Code: not only do not 
drink and drive but do not use a 
hand-held phone when driving 
Mr John Wheeler (Westminster 
Nor th. Q: The best way to 
remove drinking and driving 
from the criminal justice system 
and conflict between police and 
public would be to use the new 

technology which some motor 
m a n u fa cturers are currently 
working on whereby it would be 

impossible to start the en g in e of 
a car where breath was analysed 
and revealed evidence of think 

or dings. Does that not solve the 


died about" with reference to 
the Australian injunction 

proceedings because the need to 

avoid being in contempt of 
court in Sydney, Sir Michael 
Havers, Attorney General, said 
in a Commons written reply. 

Mr David Winnfck (Walsall 
North, Lab) had asked for a 
statement on the progress of the 

Sir Mkhael Haven said: Tbe 
principle we are see king to 
establish is dear all those who 
served and have served in the 
tocunty service owe a life-tong 
duty of confidentiality to the 

He was the plain tiff fa the 
Sydney proceedings and there- 
fore could not comment on 
anything which was fa issue 
before the court. 

The Royal Bank of Scotland’s 
estimate that another 11,000 
jobs could go in the next three 
years was optimistic. 

The people found themselves 
wtitotrt any alternative to this 
woik and it was no good taffing 
them to get on their bikes and go 
somewhere else because there 
were no opportuities, least of all 
in the Scottish economy. 

Dr Notuhui Gofonaa (Greenock 
and Port Glasgow, Lab) said 
that this Bin, fa its own tittle 
way, was a worthy piece of 
wgfafetion but it did not go &r 
enough to address the problems 
being experienced fa the oil 
supply industry and it would not 
generate orders or jobs for the 
fabrication yards. 

The announcement of recent 
redundancies at Scon Lithgow 
would take the male unemploy- 
ment rate fa his constituency 
weU above the 30 per cent mark 
Md u was extremely unlikely 
that those who had recently tost 
their jobs, or were going to lose 

111 foe, near future, 
would find work m iiv- 

“Although under the rales of fadS^^^S^S 

lVfr BettomJLey: I wifl certainly 

Innir at that mnriV.ik, d._» 

abroad are not subject totfaesub 
judice rule, I have to be careful 
to avoid the risk of prejudicing 
the case, or at the worst beingim 

uiuwina. loey were not going 
“2“ shops or become 
potters down on the Lower 

look at that carefully. But even if ' “e wm being m 

that sort of deme wm?!. f 0 " 1 ? 11 ®* of court m Syndey. It 

traduced, say within four inevitably follows that the 

we would stiff be left for faenext is hamficapped in 

24 years with . of ««« of ihe allega- 

yen the drivers. We have over C fSS’ eD Sr o, f s 

20 million licence holders who ■ askeA . ^ | 

rasfMsffstt i 

stop It. 

Wr Roger Stott, an Opposition 
spokesman on transport: Tbe 
evidence so far leads us to 
beheve that there win be no 
public transport either on 
Christmas Day or Boxing Day 
and I am told there wiu be no 
trains either in En gland anH 
Wales. This cannot be good for 
“is campaign, which «,«_ 

°fficial Secrets Act for giving 
confidential information to Mr i 

Erra« Ross (Dundee West, 
Lab) said that there was a 
need for direct fater- 
by the Government to 
reserve contracts fa the UK 
sector for UK vessels and rigs. 

Unless there was some inter- 
vention, there was likely to be 
something like 10,000 jobs go- 
ingout of the industry. 

10 Yeans, vessels 
*roro countries which 
reserved trade for their own 

“is campaign, which we sop- 
port. Would he try to get more 

»uu U ne try lo get more 
bus« on the read on Cfuistmas 

Mr Bottomley said that de- 
regulation of buses meant more 
mint-buses, so more people 
were likely to be able tog«a 
nde home. 

Chapman Pincher on January 1 
1963 about conversations be- 
tween Nigel West and Arthur 

Sir Patrick Mayhew, the Solic- 
itor GeneraL replied: No. 

winen reply, the 
Attorney Genera] was bv 
(h “lithgow, 
tab) when he hoped to complete 
his consideration with the 

of the allegations against Sir 
Arthur Franks and LordRotE 

He replied: The matter re- 
mams under consideration. 

the UK sector " “ 

a tt® 6 * 1 10 control 
the involvement of foreign na- 
tionals m the offshore ml and 
‘frotoe “f the worst 
arai-irade union activities were 
to be eliminated. 

n . 1 ; : 
DW * - . 

;ex' i 

-f.- »TVj 

Si*. 1 * s » 1 

■ 'J**':*: 
v V j 

fct sr.- 

to retain 

n ca 

r ■ 

- • - 


, Hr t 

Parliament today 

Debates on 
ygpositton motions on insider 
™togand on fuel poverty. 



L - T- C 


petrol sill 

cen available to hel D 
idvance petroleum <■ r 'H 


aaw field, or become £*« ^ 
otteoanpanj fiv e \3-^k 
w first payment of iav% 
wca of dm feid 
So me reduction M ^ 

ttvenue& this year ! 0eI m* 

uay oflkt 5 

ncreases in oil vl- 
>ver the next tore- 
fears. ' 1,t1a fic« 1 ] 

.“The repayments 
W some of the *'k- 
nrftks of the oil : ae ‘? 

^Iprovideaii'iio^l^^ a**j 
nvestinent in the 

aver the coming vear - ’ r ,n ^ 

Vtr Bryan GooId.ap *-,* ' c 
spokesman on trade 
iustry. said that the Xi? ro. 
bad seed dificixlties ^ 
woridwide, tu-o-thiv.‘ a ^ fjr a 


IS OOUOt u Iniy uas ■ r. ■ ‘"£Q 

problem or not: for i*-o r?* 
rellor aU economic r t - • a- 
irose under his jurist •’ * nic & 
» be good. i 
When the price of . -. 

*» good news for ir-‘ "„*■ " 
af the countrv, likc-Ail' 0m : 
fell a was good 
Chancellor was like ij-.' . . V* 

foreasterwhoalwavs i-- i 

was going to be good : " "■* ,*?* 11 
the assumption that . . - 
prediction would r‘rr" Z*: 7 s 

The hrprobabiJif. • . 
statements being conv 
warn the House acair o Zu 
mg too much cf u--., , 
Chancellor said. % 

It w-as hard to see n-... . ■ • 
two-thirds in the woric 7- ••';?? 
major national asse; ; 

ui stimulaie trad: 
basis bur since 
Kingdom was a pre d _ : 
is a consumer, the:. - 
downside to an. >rr._ 
which might a 
Contrary to al! ihi • 
prrCirawJ and hop?v 
behet that North Sc: 
regenerate the ■ 
pm: faster gre . 

MuC mors cppcr._- 
whs - 11 was ieur.4 : ■ 

-Sea oil generated 
n:v.: and that the re-. ■ 
benefits gained frem : 
used to pay the une- • 
!: was a rtenarfcab. 
irc.-rrpetenos and or.; 
>c: to be fully told . 
a^rrrcvsied b\ to; 
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t&ad that ak:--: ■-.. -. 

the cash flow . ... c. - 
J3%1 21 she iC"- : ~ - - 

nagiHry .. ." 
irsciDjr-ir : 
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suddeft deatr. r.T.- 

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** 1 


Health chiefs 
to face MPs 
on complaints 
by bereaved 

By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 

Two district health authori- 
ties are to be questioned by a 
Commons select committee 
today about their fail are “to 
give caring and sensitive 
attention” to the relatives of 
people who arrived dead at 

The latest findings of the 
Health Service Commis- 
sioner, who described one of 
the cases as “a sorry tale of 
ineptitude with few redeeming 
features” have shocked MPs 
on the select committee, 
which oversees the work of the 
Ombudsman, and officials 
from health authorities in 
Dudley, West Midlands, and 
Wandsworth, south London, 
will lace tough questioning. 

The Dudley case concerned 
a woman whose husband col- 
lapsed at home. She men- 
tioned in passing that her 
husband had previously Md 
hepatitis (two years earlier). 

It was not made dear that 
the man had died of heart 
failure, not hepatitis, and her 
remark set off “a series of 
panic reactions which were to 
cause great but needless fur- 
ther distress to his family”. 

First the hospital made two 
calls to the famil y in the small 
hoars of the morning seeking 
details of his medical history. 

His clothes were incin- 
erated, while bis wallet, 
money, personal papers and 
photographs “disappeared 
without a trace”. 

The undertakers, warned of 
a hepatitis risk, stuck vivid 
yellow tape across the coffin 
instructing “danger of 
infection” and “burn without 

Her request to view her 

bushand’s body and have it 
returned home before the 
cremation was denied, *»nrf 
soon after the funeral, 
environmental health authori- 
ties visited her home to burn 
the settee on which her hus- 
band had died as well as his 
bed, bedding and clothes. 

When the widow remon- 
strated, they agreed to fu- 
migate the home, killing all 
her house plants. 

The Wandsworth case con- 
cerned a woman who was 
asked to go to hospital to 
identify her husband, killed in 
a motor cycle accident She 
was taken into the refrigera- 
tion room of the mortuary 
where the charge nurse “began 
to open boxes in the wall and 
she realized that he was 
expecting her to identify her 
husband’s body there”. 

The charge nurse, irritated 
at having to do the work 
because the porters were on 
tea break, allegedly com- 
plained “Oh God, have I got 
to do it properly?”, when 
police pointed out the widow’s 

The commissioner found 
the charge nurse guilty of 
“uncaring and unsympathetic 
remarks”, while his de- 
meanour “betrayed a lack of 
consideration for her 
feelings” But the commis- 
sioner also upheld her com- 
plaint that during her whole 
time at the hospital, die 
widow was not once offered “a 
cup of tea, a telephone call, a 
glass of water or any vestige of 
human sympathy by the nois- 
ing staff at the hospital”. The 
staff were guilty of “an un- 
acceptable lack of sympathy”. 

BBC deny 
sexy TV 

By Jonathan Millar 

Media Correspondent 

BBC officials yesterday 
criticized tabloid newspapers 
for “playing every knee jerk 
trick m the book” to discredit 
the Sunday night broadcast of 
an explicit scene in the Dennis 
Potter drama, the Singing 
Detective. ■ 

CaHing the programme a 
serious work of drama han- 
dled with great ddfi, die BBC 
said that the “storm of 
protest” alleged by certain 
newspapers had in feet been 
fewer than 1 00 telephone calls, 
not all critical 
The report in one news- 
paper that the programme was 

being investigated by Mr Nor- 
man Tebbit’s media monitor- 
ing unit at Conservative Party 
Centra! Office was dismissed 
as absurd. 

The programme, which in- 
cluded a scene portraying 
sexual intercourse, was yes- 
terday attacked by Mrs Mary 
Whrtehouse, the clean-up tele- 
vision activist 
Mis Whitehouse said she 
had written a letter of protest 
to the Home Secretary, Mr 
'Douglas Hurd. 

Mr Hurd was unavailable- 
for comment yesterday. 




Charges against 119 people, 
arrested in the “battle of 
Stonehenge” last year, were 
dropped at Salisbury 
Magistrates’ Court yesterday. 

The court was told ty Mr 
Andrew Pricfcett,^ prosecuting 
for Wiltshire and . Gloucester- 
shire^ that the charges .were 
being discontinued because of 
the cost of further, proceed- 
ings, decisions by the High 
Cburt, and the time that had 
elapsed since the incident 

He said: “There is no doubt 
the arrests were legal; there is 
no doubt the proceeding were 
properly conducted. 

“But, in the end, a case may 
become so cold and old that 
die public interest no longer 
demands that an offender 
alleged to have committed one 
of the less grave offences be 
prosecuted to the bitter end. 

“The law does not at 
present adequately deal with 
those types of offences 
committed by persons who 
deliberately intend to trespass 
in numbers. 

. He said High Court de- 
cisions had clarified the pos- , 
ition. The law’s defects were 
now recognized and, to some 
extent, had been remedied in j 
the new Public Oder Act 

t step in campaign 
stain war memory 

By Alan Hamilton 

nh a dilapidated 
Bps hi a small 
Uage, nowadays 
here but into an 
1 at the end of a 

ear the ghosts of 
te trenches of the 
root, and the 
ige of the world’s 
ttaxy PfcJtibrd, in 
sfahi t,Rebetxaof 
farm, not tamen- 
string of Chaplin 

• once the steps 
the Garrison cfe- 
tnt, where up to 
3d but patriotic 
at a time, from 
suid New 

Lieutenant Colonel John 
Audrey, whose war was the 
Second rather than the First, 
is a local resident who was a 
prime mover in winning the 
six-month preservation order 
from Salisbury District Coan- 

“The steps have no architec- 
tural merit, bet we woold Hte 
to preserve them for senti- 
mental reasons. They ar e the 
only physical retie, apart from 
the war graves in the cemetery 

of those who came back te die 

of their wounds, of the thou- 
sands of young men who 
camped here,” Colonel Audrey 
said yesterday. ■ 

Safisbnry council has app- 
lied m die Department of the 
Environment tor a permanent* 
,, historic buffings listing on 

jin a the steps. 

i^wTthat Mr Rcr NbttalL « to«^ 

the horrors amateur lu^oran whoalso 

l Handera. eampa^nedforfteirpr^T^ 
Lenta has tfon, said late**; ^ 

M awn other picture of the steps as they 

St Gmrison, originally We ¥« 

arises of many to restore ft® *» the same 
and Empire pristine condition- 
Sr ‘‘Owe we have enlarged the 

picture it wffl be egcasetL aad 
put alongside the steps with a 
plaque to commemorate the 

8 ^ > Ls«e hopes tirat the 
New Zealand High Coomisr 
sinner might perform tne 
wnlW d m opening ceremony, as a ges- 

Sreto the many Anrac troops 

“hardly »« who passed F iThni- 

£ ■* 70 sasrsrsass 

rew * saf 2 S^Kevstone Cops in Fovant 

*2 SSsS* - -* 

HW Jte chalk 

ide turf- 
5 honour the 
s young men 
irfy death by 
es and keep- 
i managed to. 


^*36^523^ -.££ . f ^ 

A contractor daiming a ‘victim’ yesterday 

Private clampers in action 


Law department 
studying costs of 
new family court 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Ad announcement appears 
likely in the sew year. 

The family court review, by 

in science 
called for 

By Thomson Prentice 
Sdence Correspondent 

More scientific en- 
trepreneurs are urgently 
needed to launch a new indus- 
trial revolution that vriD put 
Britain back in the top di- 
vision of science. Sir George 
Prater, president of the Royal 
Society said yesterday. 

Britain’s dedining role in 
science, and the “brain drain” 
of experts, needed to be 
tackled with a national policy 
to prevent farther setbacks 
and losses, be said. 

A study carried out by the 
society showed that Britain 
was felling behind inter- 
national rivals in many 
branches of science, with com- 
panies spending less than half 
of most European countries 
os research a ad development. 

Government funding of 
academic research was much 
lower in Britain than in toe 
United Slates, Japan, France, 
West Germany and Holland, 
Sir George said. 

The Government should 
mfllre the funding of baric and 
strategic research a priority. 

“We need to know, for 
better or worse, what is to be 
the policy for funding science 
over the next five years. One 
of the main reasons for low 
morale among scientists is 
uncertainty about the future,” 
he said. 

By David Cross 
London’s first private 
whed-dampers, resplendent 
m Mae boiler snits and reflec- 
tive Jackets with a Mack-and 
white Into, took to toe streets 
of west London with a ven- 
geance yesterday. 

Woman Polke Constable 
Laraine Burnett, overseeing 
the team, said: “It’s quite 
fanny how everyone dis- 
appears when we arrive m the 
street and they hear those 
casters rattling along. 

The team of two wheel 
dampers, supervised by WPC 

Burnett and a sergeant and a 
constable from West End Cen- 
tral police station, launched a 
blitz on Mayfair, Great Marl- 
borough Street, and Soho over 
two awl a half hoars yesterday 


Twenty-foar damps were 
fitted in place, each within 
about 30 seconds. “Last week 
during oar training, we got it 
down to 20 seconds, bat it 
takes a little longer in die 
heavy traffic”, Mr Keith Kent, 
from Worcester Park, Surrey, 

In other parts of toe West 

ynd another 13 teams were 
combing well-known parking 

black spots. 

The new damping teams, 
which will eventually consist 
of one police officer and one 
contractor, are each attached 
to a local police station. 

Meanwhile, the damp has 
spread to university camposes. 
Southampton has last bought 
its first consignment of two 
Denver boots, at a cost of £1 50 
e ach, and students are being 
told that they will have to pay 
£25 to have them removed, in 
addition to a parking fine. 

The likely cost of a unified 
court for all family cases is 
being examined by officials in 
toe Lord Chancellor’s Depart- 
ment as a first step towards 
formal advice to ministers. 

The court, with a mixed 
bench of judges and laymen, 
would cover all cases handled 
at present by magistrates, the 
county courts and the High 
Court II is thought that it 
could cost some millions 

The department has con- 
firmed that it is “concentrat- 
ing its costings” on toe 
consensus model favoured by 
the Family Courts Campaign, 
an umbrella group of more 
than 100 individuals and bod- 
ies; the Law Society; the Mag- 
istrates’ Association; justices’ 
clerics and by some senior 
judges, including Sir John 
Arnold, president of toe High 
Court Family Division. 

The model has, however, 
been strongly opposed by 
barristers specializing in fam- 
ily law, who are concerned 
about toe involvement of 
laymen in deciding complex 
cases concerning toe future of 

Yesterday. Sir Michael Ha- 
vers, QC toe Attorney Gen- 
eral, told MPs in reply to a 
parliamentary question that 
the Government will make an 
announcement as soon as 
possible, when responses to its 
consultation paper have been 

an interdepartmental commit- 
tee of officials, has been 
brought under toe wing of the 
Lord Chancellor's full-scale 
review of civil justice, which is 
bound by a strict timetable. 

The proposals will have to 
be accepted by toe Lord 
Chancellor's Department; toe 
Home Office; toe Department 
of Health and Social Security 
and the Treasury. 

Even the “consensus” mod- 
el, which would make use of 
existing courtrooms and not 
involve a new court structure 
separate from the rest of toe 
court system, could cost some 

millions of pounds and it is 
Treasury approval which will 
mean toe go-ahead. 

Nearly 170 responses have 
been made to the consultation 
paper issued by the Lord 
Chancellor's Department ear- 
lier this year, which outlined 
three possible models for a 
family coutl 

The first option proposed 
merely revising the distribu- 
tion of work between the 
courts to eliminate overlap; 
toe second creating a new 
unified court within toe 
present High Court and 
county court system; and toe 
third a “full-blown" family 
court with separate structure, 
buildings and judges. 

Frankly, we’re surprised Virgin is the only gammon and^ Trivial Pursuit”* (sets provided). 

They also give you the chance to stretch your 

legs. Not that they’ll need much stretching. 
Because unlike the other business classes, we 
have sleeper seats. So it will be you who gets 
our bar and lounge areas give you the space to talk to to sleep, not just your legs, 

your friends comfortably, or beat them at chess, back- This makes our business class more like a first 

airline that’s thought of it. Sit in the same place all 
the way to the States? Ridiculous. 

That's why we offer our business travel- 
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class in everything but the price. 

We’re not sure why the other airlines can’t 

Virgin Atlantic Upper Class Features. 

Free Economy ticket* 
Chauffertd tmnsfen.t 

Gat wide Express ticket. 

Free Gatmck parking. 

four raurse meats M 
Wedgwood china. 
Champagne & cochtaib. 
Amenity pack 

manage to do the same. After all. the problems are 
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Upper Class. 


It makes-.* >t her a h Tines.* 

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’ Licensed by Horn Abbui Ini. Lid. t Within H< miles radio:- nfGal*ick/Ne«nrir.Man.L 





■ ■: 

CuriouserandcuriouseE RjraxTra 

re C arlton. , The Volvos have power steering, central locking, Fbra\blvo 240 b 

*“ beadlan^ wash/wipeis and a heated driving seat as 

consumer standard ITa Voivo, Sprinj 

. . And in spite of the fact that the 240 Estate has a load I Bar a brochure, 

st-resisting capacity of 75-9 cubic feet with the back seats down, it has 1 Mr/Mrs/MIss__ 
a tighter turning circle than a VW Golf (Addr ess 

So why are the Volvos cheaper than the Carltons? j . 




Extension of legal aid 
to cover defamation 
cases urged in report 

The Lord Chancellor was 
urged, in a report on media 
law released yesterday, to 
remove the “grave injustice" 
by which legal aid is not 
available for defamation 

The report, by a committee 
of the council of the Media 
Society chaired by Mr Peter 
Carter-Ruck, the leading libel 
lawyer, says the denial of legal 
aid for defamation is “a 
palpable injustice". 

A “glaring example" is the 
capacity of the BBC, with a 
publicly funded income of 
£500 million a year, to be able 
to defend defamation actions 
“with virtual immunity from 
the financial consequences", 
while the individual with 
modest means may have his 
reputation ruined, lose his job 
and have no means of redress. 

It is a “matter for serious 
adverse comment that this 
inequality of rights under the 
law between those who have 
the means to litigate and those 
who have not should con- 
tinue;" the report says. 

Failure to extend legal aid to 
defamation, the only kind of 
action not covered, is the 
more serious in view of the 
unanimous recommendations 
in favour over many years 
from several quarters, it adds. 

These have come from the 

Bar and the Law Society; 
Justice, the law reform body; 
the Faulks committee on 
defamation and the Royal 
Commission on Legal Ser- 

The reform would eliminate 
“once and for all what have 
been described as the gold- 
digging actions" the report 
points out, as few, if any, 
solicitors would take on a case 
for someone entitled to legal 
aid but refused it 

The Media Society, which 
includes editors, journalists, 
politicians and lawyers, also 
calls for other reforms to 
remove restrictions on report- 
ing and dissemination of 

In particular it urges re- 
forms to the Contempt of 
Court Act 1981, which is 
causing “serious concern" be- 
cause of the restrictions it 
imposes on press reporting. 

The effect, taken with other 
acts in recent years, is that 
“the dispensation of justice is 
more and more being trans- 
acted behind closed doors," 
the report says. 

' It criticizes the way publica- 
tion of proceedings can be 
delayed, and effectively 
stopped, under the Act; and 
the “misnse" of provisions to " 
ban publication of names or 
other details, under which 

there have been more than 
100 orders since the Act came 
into force. 

The press is further ham- 
pered by the strict liability 
rule, which defines the mo-' 
ment from when contempt 
starts to rim, the repon says. 

In criminal cases this is 
from an arrest, issue of sum- 
mons or issue of warrant for 
arrest, which is against the 
public interest because it pre- 
vents “without fear ofi 
prosecution the public being 
informed that a dangerous 
criminal is on the run." 

The original proposal of the 
PMUimore report that strict 
liability should run from when 
the accused is charged or 
summons served was the right 
one, it says. 

In civil cases the position is 
worse as contempt runs from 
when an action has been set 

The report calls for the Act 
to be changed so that con- 
tempt only runs from the time 
of setting down if the action is 
to be heard within six months. 

It also calls for a Bill to be 
reintroduced to repeal section 
two of the Official Secrets Act, 
along the lines of the 1979 Bill 
which was withdrawn after its 
second reading, but defining 
more strictly the range or 
information to be protected. 

The Tr afalgar Square Christmas tree, an animal gift to 
Britain from Norwayvgettiiig a trim yesterday before being 
decorated (Photograph: John Manning) 

In the EEC chair: 2 

Jobs package is rolling 

If you wanted to make a 
bicycle, let alone a treaty, you 
would not start with an 

En g lish man, an I rishman and 

an I talian. But that is the 
combination responsible for 
one of the most effective steps 
forward during Britain's six 
mo nths setting the Commu- 
nity agenda— a switch from 
protecting the rights of those 
with jobs to doing something 
for those who have no job. 

Mr Kenneth Clarke, Pay- 
master General and No 2 to 
the Secretary of Stale for 
Employment, Lord Young of 
Grafiham, has proved one of 
the most adept players of the 
European game. 

The commission took the 
best part of five years develop- 
ing directives towards action 
to help 16 million un- 
employed in Europe. Other 
Common Market countries 
during their six-month presi- 
dencies have gone for brief 
gimmicks which have won 
headlines at home and been 
forgotten, in European terms, 
once their six months were 

Mr Clarice's way round that 
has been to go for a rolling 
programme agreed in advance 
with others that will take it 
further when they are in the 
driving seat By ensuring that’ 
the programme does not bear 
an exclusive “made in 
Britain" label he has made it 
less likely to be scuppered 
later by a country temporarily 
at odds with us or looking for a 

In the second of three arti- 
cles assessing Britain's six- 
month term of office, Robin 
Oakley , Political Editor, 

Mr Clarke agreed with his 
EEC counterparts. Gianni de 
Michelis and Ruairi Quinn, a 
programme of action for la- 
bour market initiatives. He 
took the EEC Labour Council 
to Edinbuigh to launch the 
scheme in a memorable set- 
ting. He won the agreement of 
the Danes, who take over the 
Common Market presidency 
next July, to continue pressing 
for action when their turn 

The plan, entitled Employ- 
ment Growth into the 1990s : A 
Strategy for the Labour Mar- 
ket, concentrates on promot- 
ing enterprise, creating more 
flexible employment patterns, 
establishing better training 
and tackling long-term 

The document pointed to 
deficiencies in the working of 
the labour market m Europe, 
notably lack of mobility, bar- 
riers to entry, limitations on 
part-time working, over- 
bureaucratic management and 
excessive administrative 

In tune with the European 
drive for a fully liberalized 
internal market by 1992 and 
the British Government's be- 
lief in der^ulation, it called 
for less emphasis on the 

maintenance of outdared 
employment protections and 
for expenditure from the so- 
cial fond to boost job creation 

Among more than 40 spe- 
cific recommendations it calls 
on member states to simplify 
regulations to help the setting 
up of more one-man busi- 
nesses, to encourage the young 
to try self-employment and to 
provide more low-cost starter 

It calls for schemes for big 
firms to help small ones. It 
also seeks social fond support 
for introducing, new technol- 
ogy into small companies. 

it calls for the removal of 
obstacles to increasing part- 
time work and for more 
sharing of information on 
pensions, and social security 

Mr Clarke and his col- 
leagues won unanimous sup- 
port at Edinburgh and he went 
to Strasbuig to plead the cause 
before the European Par- 
liament. The Common Mar- 
ket has agreed that in future 
new Community directives 
will be issued only when they 
tend to create new jobs rather 
than destroy them. 

The Anglo-ltalian-Irish 
package has been drafted into 
a resolution for an employ- 
ment council meeting this 
month, which will turn the 
Edinburgh strategy into a 
programme of work to pro- 
duce practical results over the 
next two years. 

Tomorrow: Battle in the air 

Girl wins 

Jennifer Foreman, aged 
nine, was awarded £375,000 
damages in the High Court 
yesterday for injuries suffered 
before she was born. 

Her parents, Mr Nigel Fore- 
man and Mrs Denyse Fore- 
man, of Reedman Road, Long 
Eaton, Sawley, Nottingham- 
shire, claimed that negligence 
during ante-natal care caused 
the girl to be boro prematurely 
with cerebral palsy. 

It has left her spastic and 
with a lack of co-ordination. 
Her intellect is not affected 
and she goes to a normal 
school. The Nottingham 
Health Authority, responsible 
for The City Hospital where 
she was born in October 1977, 
denied responsibility. 

Mr Justice Michael Davies, 
approving the award, said that 
it was “living in cloud cuckoo 
land" to say that there was not 
the likelihood of judgement 
being found against the 

£40,000 of the award goes to 
Mr Foreman to cover costs 
al ready spent on caring for the 

Mrs Foreman accepted 
£24,000 in settlement of her 
claim against the health 
authority for the anxiety and 
distress of an early birth and 
the discovery ofher daughter's 


• Mrs Margaret Norris, a 
hotel manageress, and her 
husband Mr Albert Norris, of 
Western Close, Penton Paris, 
Chertsey, Surrey, won 
El 35,000 damages in the High 
Court yesterday for injuries 
sustained in a car crash which 
led to the couple's losing their 
jobs and their home. 

Aids virus 
on comet 

Science Correspondent 

The global epidemic of Aids 
may have been brought to 
Ehrth from outer space by a 
passing comet, according to 
two scientists. 

The acquired immune de- 
ficiency syndrome virus may 
have been spread in rainfall 
contaminated by the comet. 
Sir Fred Hoyle and Professor 
Chandr a Wickramasinghe, of 
University College, Cardiff, 
said yesterday. 

Both researchers conceded 
■that their theory is routinely 
dismissed by leading special- 
ists. But they have argued for 
several years that bacteria and 
viruses come from outer 

“Epidemics are driven by 
pathogens that- haw -.their 
ultimate origin in space", they 
said. “The body of evidence 
that supports this contention 
is, in our view, overwhelming, 
but denials of fact have been 
equally strong." 

Sir Fred and Professor 
Wickramasinghe contend that 
the Aids infection was spread 
by contaminated rainwater 
entering the human body 
through cuts in the feet in the 
“mainly barefoot 

populations" of the Third 
World, and then transmitted 
through human contact 

Outbreaks of Legionnaires' 
Disease, influenza and men- 
ingitis may also have their 
origins in outer space, accord- 
ing to the two scientists. 

They said there should be 
rigorous and continuous 
microbiological surveillance 
of rainwater around the world. 

Orchestras say council 
owes them £70,000 

By Kenneth Gosling 

estras which took part 
summer’s series of 
r concerts at Crystal 
were adamant yes- 
that they will have 
, to do with plans for 
ason at the concert 
nless they are paid the 
> they say they are 

jhn Burrows, manager 
Vren Orchestra, which 
>rted by Capital Radio, 
also acting for other 
ras, including the 
Philharmonic and the 
i Symphony, said he 
ood that Bromley 
which presented the 
scries, having taken 
m the GLC. had begun 
omoter about 

for next 


Endwood Entertainments, 
of Salisbury, Wiltshire, which 
organized the last series for the 
council, is now in liquidation 
and a meeting of creditors 
takes place al Southampton 
today. The orchestras claim 
that Bromley council is legally 
responsible for paying the 
orriiestras, although the coun- 
cil denies that this is so. Legal 
proceedings against the coun- 
cil are 1 under way. 

“Including the ■ .amount 
owed to the firm that put on 
the fireworks with the con- 
certs, there must be well over 
£100,000 involved, and we 
would like to know what 
happened to that money,” Mr 
Burrows said. 

Parkinson’s Disease 

„ (ssaKBssasstass* 

| There is J]® Please 

pfeasesnpport . 


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UP AGAINST TIME by Jeanne Willis and Trevor Melvin 





‘Time’ magazine interview 

Cary Grant ruled | Reagan unrepentant on Iran affair 

against a funeral 1 ® 

Los Angeles - White the world mourned the death of 
Bristol's most famous citizen, Cary Grant, friends were 
shocked by news yesterday that the man who lived pmately 
for the tost 2fl years of his life had decreed that his fetly 
cremated n o d no fimeral service he held (Ivor Davis writes)* 

The bod; of die 82-yeawrfd actor, who offered a total 
stroke only hours before he was dne on stage m a ^saSI town 
in Iowa to talk about fab Hfe and career, was Qown back to 

Hollywood oa Sunday in a private jet 

Ms Jody Quine, a family friend and spokeswoman for 
Grant's widow, Barbara, said it was too early to say whether 
there weald be there a memorial service althsagh the actors 
Hollywood friends — metaling Jane Stewart, director Blake 
Edwards, Baddy Rogers and Frank Sinatra — said that they 
may organize one for his many fiieads- 
Scorea of fellow thesjriaas have paid tribute. In a 
statement from Air Force L, President Reagan said that 
Grant's “elegance and wit and charm win endure forever on 
film and in oar hearts”. 

Camp battles rage on 

Beirut — Shia Masfim militiamen and Palestinian 
guerrillas fought continuously yesterday in two refugee 
camps in Bdrat and anxmd a strategic village east of Sidon. 

Police said at least 46 people were killed and about 100 were 
wounded (Juan Carlos Gannon writes). 

Witnesses sard Amal struck the Cfaatib and the Boorj eL 
Banuneh retiree camps with tankfioe and mortars. The 
attack drew barrages of rockets from Patestiman positions 
amid the rains of the shantytowns. 

Attempts to arrange a trace called by Syria and supported , m _ _ 

by Libya and Iran have tolled to put an end to tin violence I Whft6 
which, according to semi-officia] figures, has daimed nearly 1 * ** 

500 tires so tor. 

From Michael BSnyon, Washington 

In bis first public remarks 
on the Iran affair since the 
disclosure last Tuesday of the 
Contra connection, Mr Rea- 
gan insisted be would follow 
the same policy again, and 
bitterly attacked the US media 
for its coverage of the issue. 

In an interview with Time 
magazine, published yester- 
day, he was angry and un- 
repentant. He called the 
uproar “Beltway bloodlet- 
ting”, confined to the political 
gossip inside Washington's 
ring road. And be added: “The 
frenzy in the Congress is not 
unusual for them. This will 
not paralyze the Government. 
It will make it more difficult 
for me, yes. But I still would 
have risked it 
“Frankly, I believe that as 
the truth comes out, people 

Ban on 

Jerusalem (neuter) — 
Mr David Kraus, the Is- 
raeli Police Commissioner, 
said yesterday that the 
police would prohibit de- 
monstrations by Arabs and 
Jews in the OU City after 
tbe most rioteut anti-Arab 
protests there in years. 
Only Christians holding 
reiigfous processions for 
tbe Christmas holiday will 
be exempt. 

Extremist Jews have 
stoned Arabs, set foe to 
their homes and smashed 
their car windows shce a 
Jewish semmaiy student 
was stabbed to death ra the 
Old City ob November 15. 

Pay strike 
hits ships 

Athens (Renter) — About 
2,000 ships ware affected 
yesterday when Greek sea- 
men throughout the world 
began a 48-hour strike over 
pay, their trade union said. 

They are demanding ar- 
rangements for pay that 
would effectively give them 
an increase m defiance of a 
government wage freeze, 
increased soda! security 
cover and extension of the 
area of the Gulf 
asa war zone. 

Officials said the strike 
would cause most vessels 
with Greek crews to come 
to a 48-honr standstill if 
they were in port. 

‘Back ceasefire’ call 

Maafla — Mr Rafael Beta, the new Defence Minister of 
the Phifippiiies, called his generals together yesterday to 
urge them to honour tbe ceasefire with the communist New 
People's Army (David Watts writes). 

He said that tbe ceasefire experiment must be given every 
chance to succeed. Tbe Communist Party teas said that the 
w-day period is not sufficient for real nego tiation^. 


Warsaw (Renter) — Pol- 
and’s new post-Solidarity 
trade unions ended a five- 


Politburo member, as their 
leader and eri tit&a n g the 
Government’s economic 

Mr MJodowkz defeated 
his only challenger, Mr 
Jan Malinowski, by 879 
votes to 159, but a third of 
the 1,50ft delegates to tin 
conference abstained from 

King shows mercy 

will see what we were trying to 
do was right I'm not going to 
back off; I'm not going to 
crawl into a hole. I'm going to 
go forward. I have a lot of 
things to do in this job.” 

His remarks have appalled 
many senior Republicans, 
who have been urging the 
President to admit the Iran 
policy was a mistake and to 
cooperate with Congress in 
investigating the affair. 

Mr Reagan insisted on his 
return from California on 
Sunday that “we're going to 
get to the bottom of this”. But 
White House aides have re- 
acted coolly to Senator Dole's 
call for a special session of 
Congress to appoint a joint 
committee to investigate the 
entire affair . Congress is not 
due to return until January. 

At a White House meeting 
on Sunday evening, Mr Don- 
ald Regan, the embattled 
Chief of Staff reportedly op- 
posed such a session and the 
naming of an independent 
investigator. Pressure is 
mounting both in Congress 
and within the Administra- 

tion for Mr Regan’s dis mi ss al 
Senator Dole's call reflects 
tte deep distress m the Repub- 
lican Party over the affair, and 
the wish to get as much out in 
the open as quickly as pos- 
sible. Mr Dote does not want 
the affair to be dragged out by 
the Democrats in lengthy 
hearings that they, as the 
incoming majority party, 
would be able to contro l. 

Some Administration of- 
ficials believe that the Pres- 
ident's feeling that the media 
are responsible for the scandal 
has been reinforced by Mr 
Regan and others in bis inner 

In his Time interview, Mr 
Reagan accused the press of 
“great irresponsibility”. He 
srnd he took the only action he 
could have taken m Iran. *T 
am not going to disavow it I 
do not think it was a mistake. 
No, it has not worked out the 
way we had hoped. Buildout 

see anything I would have 
done differently." 

Mr Reagan also paid tribute 
to Admiral John Poindexter, 
his former National Security 
Adviser. “He is a fine naval 
officer, in keeping with the 
tradition, even if you are 
asleep in your bunk when your 
ship runs aground, you take 
the responsibility. He took the 

Mr Reagan, however, yes- 
terday made it dear that he 
has doubts about future direct 
NSC involvement in actual 
operations such as the inva- 
sion of Grenada, the TWA 
hijacking, the capture of the 
Achille Lanro hijackers and 
Iran. He told Mr John Tower 
and his colleagues in the NSC 
investigation. General Brent 
Scowcroft and Mr Edmund 
Muskie, that their purpose 
was to review past im- 
plementation of Administra- 
tion policies, and to conduct a 
comprehensive study of the 
future role and procedures of 
the NSC staff 
He added: “If we are to 
maintain confidence in our 
Government’s foreign policy 
apparatus, there must be a fuff 
ana complete airing of aD the 
tods. And I am determined to 
get all of the tocts out and take 
whatever action is necessary.” 

Hie President, Mrs Reagan and the family dog Rex arriving at the White House yesterday. 

Weinberger to soothe allies 

Mr Caspar Weinberger, the 
US Defence Secretary, will 
begin a visit to Europe and 
Morocco this week for talks 
expected to be dominated by 
US arms control policies and 
the Iran fiasco. 

The main purpose of his 
eight-day visit is to attend the 
regular animat meeting in 
Brussels of Nato defence min- 
isters. But he will also visit 
Paris and London in an 
attempt to allay allied con- 
cerns after the Reykjavik sum- 
mit meeting and the US 
abandonment last week of the 
Salt 2 anus treaty, both of 
which have been criticized 
strongly by the Western allies. 

He will make a side-i 
Morocco mi Friday, the 

From Our Own Correspondent, Washington 

control efforts have not been 
paralysed by the scandaL 
The consultations at the 

by a senior US official since 
1984. Tbe talks, planned be- 
fore the Iran fiasco, are in- 
tended to improve relations 
and to express to King Hassan 
Washington's satisfaction 

with Morocco’s break in its 
links with Libya and its recent 
direct talks with IsraeL 

After Morocco signed a 
treaty with Libya in August 
1 984, US military aid dropped 
from roughly 590 milli on a 
year to an estimated 535 
million this year. Mr Wein- 
berger is ready to open talks 
with King Hassan on increas- 
ing aid, but has no figure in 
mind and will consult with 
President Reagan, officials 
here said. 

He will probably be closely 
questioned, both in Rabat and 
by the western allies, about the 
US arms shipments to Iran. 

But he is unlikely to be able to 
add to the disclosures, as he 
was opposed to the shipments 
from the start and was appar- 
ently unaware of the diversion 
of funds to the Contras in 
Nicaragua. The thrust of his 
message, however, will be that 
US foreign policy and arms 

Nato defence planning com- 
mittee are more likely to 
centre on arms control, arms 
co-operation projects, Presi- 
dent Reagan's Strategic De- 
fence Initiative and the need 
for Nato countries to increase 
their spending on convention- 
al defence. 

Allied leaders will want an 
assurance of better consulta- 
tions before tbe US engages in 
such arms bargaining as took 
place at Reykjavik. But there 
is a realization both here and 
in Brussels that for the mo- 
ment fhrther movement in 
arms control talks with Mos- 
cow does not look likely. 

The allies are not likely to 
argue again about the US 
violation of the Salt treaty. 
They made strong representa- 
tions to Washington in the 
summer, and believe that 
issue has now been lost 

K innock 
fails to 

From Moshin All 


The Washington Post yes- 
tenlsy said that Mr Neil Kin- 
nock, the Labour Party leader, 
was unlikely to succeed m 
persuading Americans that a 
Britain divesting itself of 
nuclear arms would remain a 
reliable ally and a deterrent to 
Soviet adventuring. 

In an editorial on Mr 
k innock's US tour, the news- 
paper noted that his party had 
pledged to ban from Britain 
nudear weapons, both British 
and American, if it comes to 
power in the next election. 

It observed that if Britain 
ruled out all nuclear weapons 
the United States would not 
respond by retreating into iso- 
lationism, as some Europeans 
fear, or by pulling borne all its 
troops from Europe. But it 
would have to conclude that 
Britain had begun to think of 
itself as a small country, like 
Denmark or New Zealand. 

The editorial said that the 
US had the military power to 
protect Europe as long as it 
had allies there. 

If Britain refused to share 
the responsibility for the 
West's nudear defence and 
the world's nuclear peace, 
Nato would not instantly tum- 
ble. But in the absence of the 
United States’ closest Euro- 
pean friend the job pf main- 
taining that balance would be 
more disagreeable. 

The -newspaper said that 
Mr Kinnock was doubtless 
right in thinking that, at least 
in the short run, nothing very 
dramatic would happen if he 
came to power and carried out 
Labour’s promises. “But be 
would be quite wrong to as- 
sume that a Britain moving to- 
wards unilateral nuclear dis- 
armament would mean a safer 
more stable Europe," 

It also said that Mr Kinnock 
would argue that as a Labour 
prime minister he would can- 
cel the Conservatives' plans 
for new Trident missile sub- 
marines and would use the 
money to augment Britain's 
conventional forces. 

Students to 
go ahead 
with strike 

From Diana Geddes 

Students throughout fiance 
appeared determined yester- 
day to continue their strikes 
and to go ahead with a mass 
demonstration in Paris on 
Thursday despite the Prime 
Minister’s concessions on the 
three most contentious points 
in tbe Government’s universi- 
ty reform Bill 
M Jacques Chirac said dur- 
ing a teievison interview on 
Sunday night that the Bill had 
been badly explained and 
poorly presented and had 
therefore been sent back to 
committee for “modification” 
on those points Muse the text 
was “unclear". 

He suggested that the pro- 
test was based on a simple 
misunderstanding In particu- 
lar, he said, there was no 
question of introducing sdec- 

Baugiffik — One of Tha il a n d's best-known communists, 
mm feeen under sentence of death for 10 months, was re- 
prieved yesterday by King BhunribaL He now feces life 
imprisonment (Neil Kelly writes). 

Surachai Sae Dan, aged 44, was sentenced to last ■ . - 

January for the minder of a police officer dnring a train bold- SISES 

■pin tbe south Thailand eight years ago. Everyone with the Baccalau- 

Sarachai always pleaded not guilty, claiming that a person 

of his choice," he said. 

Backlash against 
US seat belt law 

From Christopher Thomas, New York 

A public backlash ap»nc» 
the compulsory wearing of 
seat belts is emerging in 
several parts of tbe United 
States, mainly out of concern 
for the preservaiin of personal 

Nebraska’s seat belt law 
became null and void yes- 
terday after a statewide vote 
on the issue last month. 
Massachusetts too has re- 
rinded its seat belt law, eff- 
ective from Thursday, and the 
issue is being debated hotly in 
several other states. 

In the past two years 26 
states have passed belt laws, as 
has the city of Washington. 
Government statistics show 
that their introduction re- 
sulted in a minimum 7 per 
cent drop in the number of 
front-seat deaths. 

But many states do not 
seem to have their heart in the 
laws. Many, for example, say 
that police cannot stop a 
motorist simply for not wear- 
ing a belt, although be can be 
charged with that offence if he 
is stopped for another reason. 

The fines are generally smalL 

Since state legislatures me 
not giving high priority to seat 
belt laws, the police do not 
seem particularly intent on 
enforcing them strictly. 

The Nebraska vote was 
dose: 268,127 against seal 
bells and 266,944 in favour. 
Most people were surprised by 
the outcome, since the polk 
had indicated that 62 per cent 
of people favoured the seat 
belt law. 

Mr Hess Dyas, chairman of 
Nebraskans for Safety, a group 
supporting the compulsory 
wearing of belts, said: “I am 
not sure what happened My 
best guess is that we have got a 
lot of independent-minded 
people who saw this as an- 
other form of government 

Voters in Massachusetts 
overturned their seat belt law 
by 707,571 votes to 616,224. 
Ms Jackie Ladd, a researcher 
for the Massachusetts Sec- 
retary of State, said that 
personal freedom was toe 
central issue. 

Swedes in 
fear of new 

From Christopher Mosey 

A new “Big Brother” row 
has broken out in Sweden's 
well-onlered society with the 
unveiling of plans for a £6 
million computerized re- 
search register to collect 
information on the private 
lives of aO those bom on the 
5th, 15th and 25th of each 

Earlier this year plans for a 
similar register, to include 
statistics on everyone boro in 
Stockholm in 1953, was aban- 
doned after strong protests 

The register, to be compiled 
from July 1, 1988, will include 
information on the indiv- 
iduals' families from the age of 
10 until death, with any 
registered psychological prob- 
lems, criminal offences, alco- 
hol or drug abuse, social 
welfare and unemployment 
payments, divorce or custody 

Opposition fa already build- 
ing, even in Jonkoping whan 
the pilot study fa to be run. 

Worshippers at a tacky temple 

Taiwan maintains 
spirit of Old China 

From Robert Grieves, Sandub, Taiwan 

Soft drinks area 
soft touch at Sainsburyk 

£51 31 f~H nr. : . _ . : 1 ~ 4 m 

Salisbury's Carbonated 
Scottish Spring V^itErl Itr 


Salisbury's Cola4x330ml 48p J 

Salisbury's UHT Pure 
English Apple Juice 1 hr 

49p i 

Francene Sparidirig 

Grape Juice 75d 


Sainsbur/s UHT Pure 

Orange Juice 4 x 1 Itr 

£1.49 j 


Sainsbur/s Mixer Drinks 
6x1 Itr £2.19 

GooddrHcseost less at Sainsbuys. 

Sainsbury’s Mixer 

&rrier 1 fcr Sainsbury s Natural Scottish Sainsbur/s High Juice Squash 

Spring Water l 1 /^ hr (also in Lemon and Lime varieties) 

Sainsbury s 
Lemonade 2 Itr 

39 p 

Sainsbur/s Cola 2 itr 


At lam on a rainy Sunday 
more than 1,000 Taiwanese, 
among them many pro stitute s 
and gamblers as weB as 
middle-class parents and their 
children, can be found wor- 
shipping at an obsenre temple 
30 miles from Taipei, near the 
village of Ranch ih on Taiwan's 
north-west coast 
The Eighteen Gods Temple, 
known locally as the “Dog 
Temple” fa wrapped in plastic 
sheets stretched across wood- 
en slabs to keep ont the wintiy 

According to popular leg- 
end, a cargo vessel's crew died 
in a violent sea storm near 
here 150 years ago. Tbe only 
survivor was the ship’s dog. 
Daring tbe crew’s mass burial 
ceremony he jumped into toe 
pit to be with, his masters and 
was fanned alive with them. 

Today the temple is sop- 
posed to bring good Inch, 
especially in matters related to 
toe acqnisitHHi of mosey. 
Gamblers and prostit ute s are 
said to be particularly fa- 
voured if they appeal directly 
to toe dog. But toe temple's 
powers are available only be- 
tween 11 pm and 3 am. 

Inside the temple, vendors 
sell flowers, Joss sticks, food 
trinkets to worshippers 
who (dace tbe items on an altar 
adorned with ceramic dogs and 
Chinese saints. Eye-stinging 
donds of incense waft over the 
praying crowds. 

Outside, policemen direct 
traffic, snarled at toe entrance, 
to a car park containing scores 
of food stalls, clothing stoops 
and aiigu shooting galleries. 
Cooked squid on a stick and 

Cried chickens with their heads 

intact are two cuEmary fav- 

Such scenes camrat be fomd 

on the mainland, where tem- 
ples staid largely mused and 
is* need of extensive repair. 
Their neglect is in part the 
legacy e? China's Cultural 
Revolution of 1967-76, when 
an attempt was made to sup- 
press all vestiges of the past, 
indodiBg religion. . 

it fa also the result of 37 
years of socialist control that 
has d ecreed that religions 
activities are nnnrodacrivp »nH 
therefore unnecessary. 

Taiwan, unfettered hy sinri- 
lar ideology, has continued to 
many of the ctotmal 
tiaditiOBS inherited from pre- 
1949 Ch ina . Buddhism, Cw- 
“papism, and Taoism, which 
are being revived in halting 
teshmn on the rnambmi 
strong followings on Taiwan. 

TTet s-iJes of all kinds abound 
fromaUeyway altars to 
toriSe structures with grounds 
that cover several acres! 

Chinese calligraphy, paint- 

?*Os ggsa 


vhmese food is pursued as an 

art form, and in many cases 
the basic mgredieiits fixmd in 
Taiwan surpass those that go 
in to making mainland dishes. 

Moreover, most of the artis- 
tic heritage of China is boused 
today in Taipei's National 
Ralace Museum. Peking may 
have toe Forbidden City of 
China’s emperors, but toe 

National Palace Mnsemn con- 
tains more than 600,000 paint- 
ings, porcelains, bronzes, tap- 
estries and books, among 
other objects, dating from the 
Song Dynasty (960-1279) to 
1911, that toe Knomintang 
spirited out of Peking before 

Unlike tire mainland, which 
a nno u nced the eliminatio n of 
pro stitution many years ago, 
tbe pursuit of pleasure appears 
to be thriving in TaipeL 

Night dabs, gambling hoo- 
wine bars, discos and 

Mr Hsu Hsin-liang, the dissid- 
ent seeking to return to Tai- 
wan after seven years in the 
United States, and 10 suppor- 
ters barred from entering Tai- 
pei at the weekend are to make 
another attempt by air (AFP 
reports from Hong Kong). 

Mr Steve Chung, of the 
Democratic Progressive Party 
of Taiwan, refused to say 
when the attempt would be 
made, fearing publicity: “Ev- 
ery time we have openly 
discussed our plans, the flights 
became inexplicably fully 
booked.” Mr Hsu wants to 
return for elections this week- 
end, but Taiwan authorities 
say they will arrest him on 
subversion charges. 

“tore hotels” 
proliferate in tins downtown 
arro and one section of the 
Taipei telephone book fa de- 
voted to “girlie bars”. Pros- 
titution fa also legal here, 
exactly as it was in old China. 

Despite Taiwan’s social and 
cultural advantages, the allure 
®f the mainland remains 
strong. Even without direct 
travel or maQ and telephone 

links tO the many 

Taiwanese, including senior 
Kuomintiuig nfflriai^ have re- 
tamed to the mainland to visit 
ancestral homes and their 

It fa this powerfal at tach- 
u**nt to toe concept of one 
Oama that Peking q counting 
<m m its efforts to persuade 
Taipei to rejoin the mainland. 

SStiii, Peking, in its drive to 
“ooerolae its economy, could 
learn much from Taipei en- 
trepreneurs. The family which 
nms the Don Temple last year 
opened a bigger temple five 
miles down tbe road. 

It receives many 
foreign tourist ' 
Taipei daring 
“tenths when 

of the 
the summer 

, . — the origund' 
b overcrowded 

native visitors. 




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Pretoria’s rejection of 
Natal scheme hits 
negotiated peace hopes 

The indaba 
for power 

Soweto wall ‘for road 

from Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

The South African Gov- favour and two against — the 
eminent 1 s brusque rejection of Afrikaaose Handfilsinsritmrt 
the qualified majority rule and the Federade van Afri- 
proposed for Natal by an aH- fcaanse Knitnurvraecnigmg, 
race constitutional conference representing white Afrikaner 
appears to have dammed the business and cultural organ- 
door on the last hopes of a rations respectively, 
negotiated solution to racial Three delegations — the 
conflict. Afrikaner ana English cham- 

Pretoria’s response coin- here of commerce in Durban, 
cided with the pu Miration and Solidarity, an farfian 

yesterday of an opinion poll political party — are still 
showing that 74 per cent of 

urban Macks would prefer to 
end apartheid by negotiation 

meat over an all-black one. 

The leader of the rating 
National Party in NataL Mr 

National Party in Natal, Mr 
Stoffel Botha, who is also the 
Munster of Home Affairs; said 
on Sunday that the proposals 
of the so-railed Natal indaba 
failed to give adequate protec- 
tion to minority rights and 
would mean black 

This was irreconcilable with 
the Government’s require- 
ment that there must be 
“effective and equal power- 

■ - - ■ -- 

vm population 

Stacks znhfl — 


Indians — 


Vistas (mainly EngRsN) 





by the conference was unlikely 
to arise again and he tilled the 
Government to reconsider. 

Some observers suggested 
that Pretoria’s swift rejection, 
coupled with the shelving last 

week ofa report on the Group 
Areas Act, which would have 
recommended relaxing segre- 
gation of residential areas, 
should be seen against the 
background of a possible 
white general election early 
next year. 

considering their positions. 

Profess o r Desmond Clar- 
ence, the chairman of the 

Pretoria cannot afford to give 
pre-poll ammunition to far- 
right political parties which 
have been gaining in strength 
since the Government em- 
barked on its cautions dis- 
mantling of parts of the 
apartheid apparatus. 

The inaaba's proposals 

indaba and a former head of would seem, however, to 
Natal University* said at a present more fundamental 

minority rights and press co nfe rence in Durban 
mean black yesterday that Mr Botha bad 
tion. mi srepresen ted the proposals 

was irreconcilable with in contending that they did 
jvemmenfs require- not provide for power-sharing 
hat there most be — “tire very thing we have 
re and equal power- been talking about for the past 
_* between the different eight months’*, 
race groups, Mr Botha said. Dr Oscar Dhlomo, the sec- 
He also accused indaba or- retary-generai of the conscr- 
ganizere of forcing the con- vative Zulu-dominated In- 
to a vote instead of katha organization, the most 
> achieve consensus. important Mack participant in 

35 voting delegations the conference, said mat an 
inference, 24 voted in opportu ni ty like that offered 

problems for Pretoria than 
considerations of electoral tac- 
tics. Mr Botha, on Sunday 
night, went further than pre- 
vious government statements 
in defining Pretoria’s aim as 

trying to achieve consensus. 
Of the 35 voting delegations 

at the conference, 24 voted in 

But be also made it dear 
that no constitutional m wtei 
which made any concession 
whatever to the principle of 
majority rule — as tire Natal 
option clearly does— would be 

Leading article, page 17 

The ingenious constitu- 
tional model for Natal re- 
jected by Pretoria provides for 
a two-chamber legislature 
with wide powers, a provincial 
governor, a prime minister 
and 10-man cabinet, a Bill of 
Rights, an independent ju- 
diciary, and cultural connote 

to protect cultural rights. 

L e g Matare : The first chamber 
would have 100 seats, elected 
by uni versal suffrage; There 
would be 66 c o n s ti t ue ncy 
seats and 34 list seals. A party 
would get the same proportion 
cfseats as its share of the vote. 
In the second chamber of 50 
seats. Mack African, Afri- 
kaner, Asian and English 
“background groups” would 
be allocated 10 seats each. 
There would be also 10 seats 
for a “South African group” 
for voters who reject any labeL 
would have to be passed fry a 
majority of both chambers. 
Laws affecting linguistic, cul- 
tural or religious rights would 
need a majority of the back- 
ground group representatives 

Prime ntmfefty and m W—fe 
The prime minister would be 

the leader of the party, or . apft African wftiirillw deny that the concrete fence, 
coalition of parties, which j^k»ifr^tow rinwffiii k iS s hfte lw«i «a r « wii HB 
won an overall majority in the Msck township of Soweto (Reate 
first chamber. He would MteWL director of nab in the 
choose half the cabinet The add die fence was being bailt to prevent 
other half would be chosen by 
an electoral college consisting 

ofafl members ofboth houses, suggested that Pretoria was 

suggested tfcrt Pretoria was 

For an unbiased guide 

to Fax machines post 

the coupon. 




* *■•**•*. 

& 'ir-m 

r Please send me the British Telecom book on laUThe Fax*. Please ^so send me 
information on thfi British "fef scorn MsrifliRsx fsngs of focsmils mochines. ■ 

I R>st to Bnt^Tetecom, Department ACA 94& FREEPOST 800, London SW1W8Y5. . 
Of cal, free, 0&)0 800 800 and ask for Departn^nt ACA948. I 


Position _ 
Address _ 




Rooks and knights 

in sandy splendour 

From Raymond Keene, Chess Correspondent Dubai 

Dubai is a curious location sporting event as this Chess 
for the 27th Chess Olympiad. Olympiad. The reason is sim- 

There is some water, a lot of pie — the Olympics, by their 
■«nd and dotted around the very nature, tend to indude 

landscape are some fabulously invitations to Israel. 

luxurious office towers, ex- 
hibition centres and hotels. 

Yet paradoxically, by a 
decision of Fide (the World 

These have been utilized as Chess Federation) taken in 
venues and residences fbr the 1984 in Greece, birthplace of 

1,000-phis chess-players and the Olympic ideal, Israel was 
officials who have congregat- excluded. Once the question 

ed for the O 

ics and the had been swept under the 
jress. carpet, the gates were opened 

Dubai streets and highways for Dubai to put on a show to 
are lined with towering ply- stun the world. 

wood chess-pieces. Statues The first problem was to 

and pictures of camels bearing persuade the world to attend 
howdah-like-rooks have Norway, Holland, Sweden, 

sprouted, and every day a and D enmar k immediate ly 
mechanized cavalcade of huge announced a boycott over Is- 

chess-piece floats parades rad's exclusion and a fierce 
through the city, each night debate over the morality of ej- 

choosmg a difference expanse 
of sand on which to park. 

5 a member-state in good 
rag involved many other 

From a distance it appears federations, 
that some fantastic giant chess With weeks to go before the 

game is being played in the starting date, no attendance 

heart of the municipality. records were due to be broken. 

The English team has flour- But a brilliant and generous 
ished in this remarkable stroke saved the day for those 

environment Under the ex- who wanted to use chess to 
perienced captaincy of David plant Dubai firmly on the in- 

Anderton, squad leader since ternational map. 

1 rt'rt - - -* 1 ill? -v A ■ 

1972, they scored brilliantly By offering $1 million 
against such teams as the US, (£714,000) for free air tickets 
Hungary ami Yugoslavia fall to those who were reluctant nr 

Hungary and Yugoslavia (all to these who wens reluc tan t or 
matches won IVt-Vtib drew 2- experiencing difficulti e s the 
2 with the USSR, ami only a Dubai Government boosted 

shock 3IM4 defeat by Spain the number of countries repre- 
pteced Britain’s gold medal sorted by teams or delegates 

prospect in jeopardy. 
The US also oe 

5 US also performed 

to 120 — an all-time record. 

It is not surprisingly reputed 

exceptionally, but somehow that the final budget for this 
the showbiz razzamatazz ap- Olympiad has now exceeded 

Tumukrt hu t m « J ■ _ « .• « 

peared to have exerted an ad- initial calculations by some 
verse effect on the normally 300 per cent 

staid and solidly academic So- The gesture was splendid. 

vj« side. but the means of selection of 

With rounds to go they were the beneficiaries was open to 
unrig badly, but the sodden some doubt Why, for exam- 

ny % * kw * JSSR Pie, pay the full travel costs of 

President of the Chess Federa- Argentina, Italy, Spain, the 
bon, Mr Alex Qrikvaidze, a Philippines and Greece, but 

refuse to subsidize Brazil. 

Hnghstt put new heart into the Wales, New Zealand, Austro- 
«???? Muscovite horde, lia, Hong Kong, or Bermuda? 

Doubtless he brought with Fide has often been accused 

him some pressing induce- of autocratic decision-making 
mem tor the team to accel- and here was a perfect case 

tA llu IWTAWW f UMfc — - — *- — _ ■ * m 

crate its performance up- where selection by a commit- 
W ?T L a . if# meeting in open delibera- 

■ “*5°“ P 8 ® P 1 ®- to® w °tild have been an ideal 

viousiy nekl such an immense way of avoiding criticism 

his final Polish 

WHO acts to contain 
yellow fever epidemic 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Tl.» Bl 1 1 n . . 

TJe World Health Onan- 
"*5®“ yesterday was con- 
KE fe*? ora tain a 

epidemic in N»- 

ESVnwlr 1 *“* daimed at 
Jj«t47C Iwk, most of them 

fcSSSU” ,tS S—^P across 


“J&ahyfo vaccinate twtfmiE 
JjJSj S ^ eop,e a 8ainst th e 


. v"* «-m**w*w me disease 
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The MIS case 

lv _ 

tuuam discloses agencys 
plot to kill Eoka leader 

Fr °“ S Syd^y Tayl0r ^^Adramiflration of Mr 
Mr Gough Whiiiam, former »^ icr in the day, Mr 

£l^ ,ai > J^me Minister, Michael Codd, the CaWnet 
^ hearing Sa^tary and Canberra’s «t 

yestCTday that it would be in mvalen t to Sir Robert Ann- 

AliCfnlinV . ■ 

security services no longer “w wru - . . . . States, 

engaged m such practices, he Mr ’ Whnhm said that sons small* 
added. ^ after he came to power in 1972 result 

Appearing as a witness on . ^ ordered a shake-up of British 
behalf ofMr Peter Wright, and !5!^ u ^!5225^? y ^S.^S’ drawaI 
the Australian Heinemann S£L Ther 

Publishing Company!^ ^ 

Whitlara laid also that he ted SSHjSrS* S* " “5 
read the manuscript which surveft 

Whitehall was trying to haw! “irade umons, mtdlec- 
suppressed, anddf# not be- tu SjJ nd P®^” 

lieve it could prejudice Before that tune, ASIC 
Australian security “ the same way as 

operations. MI5- It would operate in 

He indicated, however, that 

in addition to more familiar bu f8l e 

all^ations of MIS “dirty 
tricks” believed to be in the !w?7 7? 
hook, it contained infonna- 
tion of a plan to assassinate n !w; 

General George Grivas, the * J?™* 10 

Eoka Cypriot commander. S^dyriteotal *“ 


national security interest, ^ 3 i iid ( ' v ^ ch SJS? 111 
Whitehall needs ti> show mSe would infiltrate pohtocal 

New South Wales Supreme p *^r es ’ 

Court a connection with That had not happened, to 
Australia’s interests. At one knowlerfee, ance 1972, he 
point, Mr Justice Powell sai± added. “MI5 may lave a 
“I am interested in the na- hcence to break the law. ASIO 
tional security interests of the does not have. No one is 
United Kingdom only inso far licensed to break the law in 
as they bear on the national comrtry*” 
security of Australia.” So far as Mr Wright’s book 

On that question, Mr was concerned, he said, it was 
Whitlam’s evidence as Labor right for the Australian public 
Prime Minis ter from 1972 to to know that governments in 
1975, was in ironic contrast to Canberra did not co-operate 
that offered by the present with such activities. 

AustraUa's interests for allega- evidence has 

lions of wrongdoing by British dominated the proceedings so 
security services to be made supported Whitehall's 
public. case that publication would 

This was because publica- ™* confidence plao- 

tion would draw attention to v? ,n British Security services 

He added: “Australia’s sec- 
urity services should not be 
condoning breaches of the law 
by the security services of any 
power, however historically or 
contemporaneously dose to 


The importance of intelli- 
gence links between Britain 
and Australia was anyway less 
than it had been. The main 
intelligence-sharing relation- 

States. That with Britain was 
smaller and rtimrnkhing as a 
result of the lessoning of 

hand, said the Hawke Govern- 
ment believed generally that 
publication could damage na- 
tional security.- The book de- 
scribed techniques and 
operations, which, if mnA» 
public, could diminish con- 
fidence in MIS's ability to 
protect secret information. 

Canberra’s submission had 
been made late because its 
attention had only been drawn 
to the case in August The 
matter had been considered by 
the Security Cabinet, which 
consists of Mr Hawke and an 


v?>i* ■ - ■ -.F.A ^ * fi x'. -if. ,JM 

'LL?.. ■ . 

and its with- inner drcle of five ministers, 
drawal from the Pacific. Mr Codd referred to one 

w£Sh There was nothing in Mr principal Australian concern 

Wright’s book, he aid, which -that ASIO may have been 
and E hari bore on modern methods of compromised from its cre- 

Iant» “trarfe 1 nnSS? SEnS? countering terrorism. In one ation in 1948 if; as Mr Wright 
tuai? ofthe few instances in which it maintains, Sir Roger Hollis, 

tuab.andjxriinc^parttts^ touched on such activity, Mr the former Director-General 

“Before that time, ASIO 
operated in the same way as 
MI5. It would operate in 
breach of the law,” Mr Whit- 
lam said. It would burgle 
bug diplomatic premises. In- 
deed, be indicated, it had once 
done so in Canberra at MI5’s 
behest, but the “other side” 
had developed a device to 
block the bug which was 
already obsolete. 

Additionally, he said, ASIO 
would watch migrant groups 
and would infiltr ate poli tica l 

That had not happened, to 
his knowledge, ance 1972, he 

tional security interests of the £ ? oes no * have. No one is 
United Kingdom only inso far licensed to break the law in 
as they bear on the national tiiis country.” 
security of Australia.” So far as Mr Wright’s book 

On that question, Mr was concerned, he said, it was 
Whitlam’s evidence as Labor right for the Australian public 
Prime Minis ter from 1972 to to know that governments in 
1975, was in ironic contrast to Canberra did not co-operate 
that offered by the present with such activities. 

Lange says SIS 
not compromised 

From Ridiard Long, Wellingtrm 

The New Zealand Prime would not lave had the fist of 
Minister, Mr David Tange, successes which it had, indud- 
yesterday entered the row over mg the 1980 expulsion of the 
former MIS chief Sr Roger Soviet ambassador, Mr Veso- 
HoUis, saying he was Tab- vedid Sofinsky, for passing 
sobriety unimpressed” with fends to the Moscow^afigned 
claims Oat fee man who Socialist Unity Party in an 
helped establish Australia^ Auckland moteL 
and New Zealand's security “If fee New Zealand SIS 
organizations had been a Rus- .had been at tire disposition of 
son spy. Moscow, k woofd certainly 

Mr Innge, who as Prime have rewarded its paymasters 
Minister is fee Minister in very badly indeed." 

Charge of fee Security Intdli- Mr Lange admitted, how- 

gence Service (SlSk ruled out ever, feat he was not aware of 
ity of if 

fee possibility 

befog fee degree of Sir Roger's 

compromised, saying feat n mvolvement m establishing 
this had been fee case then it fee New Zealand service after 

! assisting wife fee establish- 
ment of fee Australian Sec- 
urity Intelligence Organ- 
ization. Sir Roger had advised 
j on fee setting up of its New 
Zealand counterpart, the SIS, 
in 1957. 

The New Zealand author 
Michael Parker, in bis book 
on fee SIS, says that of fee 
original 19 officers in the New 
~ Zealand service, seven were 

said to have been recom- 
J mended by Sir Roger and were , 

Mr lange said Sir Roger’s 
Mr Lange: list of New Zea- involvement had here a tong 
land security successes. tline *8®* 

Successor Girlfriend 
appointed caught in 
hyErshad escape bid 

Fad man°^ f ?9 wS 

Umka Germany but his grrifiiend 

Three weeks after he lifted apparently was caught by 
martial law, President Ershad Communist troops during the 
of Bangladesh has moved climb over a boundary fence, 
swiftly to soothe the bruised West German police said 

feelings ofthe Army and ofthe yesterday. 

ruling Jatiya Party with a They also said that 13 
midnight reshuffle among his polish tourists defected to 
COunOT of Ministers. West Gennany during a week- 

He has brought into the 40- ^ bus trip to Munich. 

Tremor peril 

League, the dominant group Rio ^ Janeiro (Reuter) - 
in the opposition. The Jusuce Farth tremors in JoSo Cam- 
Minister, Judge A-K.M- Num - n nojtb^ast Brazil, de- 

Islam, was named as vice- more than 1,000 

president and successor. homes but caused no deaths. 

Trial at last 


Deputy P 1 ™ 6 Prof German, went on mal after a 

dud Ahmed QgSgr Jcazi three-year remai^, on a 

fts-SgSltt Jg-I— •>— 

gstss Ancient find 

MajSST^! ^- mSSS; Peking .{API - Ctase 

CtHveraw* StahJSe*- archaeologists have found a 
Hossain, Control franttoo^mid lower pm of 

MaSud, Fife- what may be a man who hved 

A ? jsul AiiS Sirajul j.g minion years ago. 

Ss2STiSS5«5 Record bag 

Ribcy* BW» ^^Hos- Nairobi (Rinter) - Two 
Mineral Rcsoffljs^j yan Br j t0I1 s, Terry Stevenson and 
sain. Fo««nAfl*£ S Fanstawe, have set a 

BSas &« 342teM 

Still bullisb 

Works SawfiqiU ona*i. (Szccn_ record by surviving 

ffiiSWjSflt mS* a Pl aatic jgft 


Imam, ^^^Labour & ffijml African R epubh^ not 
Mouur Rashid- | Vor y Coast as reported fiom 

^- Ge " Abidjan yesterday. 

(re id) Mahtnudul H&an- 

Whi tiflm said there were peo- 
ple In Australia who aught 
describe those characterized 
as terrorists as freedom 

“You are referring to the 
national insurgency in Cyp- 
rus?” he was asked by Mr 
Malcolm Turnbull, counsel 
for Mr Wright 

“Yes, the preparations to 

ation in 194$ if; as Mr Wright 
maintains, Sir Roger Hollis, 
the former Director-General 
of MIS, was a Soviet double- 

Sir Roger advised on the 
structure of ASIO when it was 
formed, fait his mvolvement 
otherwise was “tenuous", Mr 
Codd said. Sir Roger had 
taken no part in recruiting. 

Sir Robert Armstrong's 
cross-examination is expected 
to continue this morning after 

Police esce 
the first 

Mr Frank Foester, aged 24, a West German, into a Mali 
pier to fy* lathitB iwfBrMng charges which ca ny fee 

court He is 

Downpour finale to long papal tour 

assassinate Grivas, who was of a ruling by the judge on 
course the hero of compatriots whether confidential papers 

now resident in Australia,” 
Mr Whitiam said. 

produced for his inspection by 
Whitehall ought to be shown 

Mfr Codd, on the other to Mr TnmbulL 

Victoria, Seychelles (AP) — “an implacable treasure” 
The Pope completed the long- which kept the fabric of soti- 
est pastoral pilgrimage of his ety from umaveOfog. 
papacy yesteitiay wife a rain- The sermon, delivered in 
. drenched 5^-honr stop in fee French, was the last of a 
Seychelles, where he made a journey to the South Pacific 
plen for the sanctity of mar- coming six nations in two 
riage and the family. weeks. 

In a homily at aa open-air After a short private meet- 
mass under a steady drhade he mg at fee official residence of 
called dose-knit family lies President Rene, the Pontiff 

left for Rome. 

The tropical downpour bad 
begun as his Qantas jet flew 
into the Indian Ocean archi- 
pelago from Australia. 

But despite the wet tarmac, 
he knelt ami kissed the ground 

teaders^md ^President Rend, 
who once studied for' the 

Four more 
in Punjab 

Delhi ( AP) — The deaths of 
four more people in the Pun- 
jab yesterday at the hands of 
Sikh militants prompted calls 
in Parliament for the sacking 
ofthe Punjab Chief Minister, 
Mr Sinjit Singh Bamaia. 

Police fired into the air and 
used tear gas yesterday to 
disperse 3,000 rioters protest- 
ing a gains t the killing on 
Sunday of 24 Hindus in the 
Punjab’s bloodiest Sikh terror- 
ist attack L 

. The Khali.stan Liberation 
Force claimed responsibility 
for the killings. Police said at 
least 'fi ve people were injured 
and about 425 people arrested 
in and around the capital 
yesterday, including 300 who 
courted arrest in Mahatma 
Gandhi’s tradition of non- 
violent protest. 

Police stud 25 people were 
arrested when a mob of about 
3,000 Mocked a highway on 
the fringe of the city and that 
another 100 were picked up in 
south Delhi as protesters tried 
to stop buses. 

“There is a lot of tension in 
the city, but we are keeping a 
watch on things,” said Mr Ved 
Marwah, the Delhi Police 
Commissioner, who has ban- 
ned public gatherings. 

Police said 24 Hindus were 
killed and eight wounded in 
an attack on Sunday night by 
four gunmen near Khudda in 
Hosiuarpur district, about 21 7 
mil^imjt^wertofpeihL_. . 

For a biased guide 
to Fax machines post 

the coupon. 

■ ■ - :■> ■ v ^ _ 

c • •• ■ % 

\ ,s 




Spending crisis forces 
Israel to think again 
on traditional policies 

From Ian Murray, Jernsalem 

A profound re thinking of man who allowed inflation to 
traditional Israeli policies, start again, especially with a 
' from social services to do- general election no more than 
fence, is under way by govern- two years away. If Mr Sh amir 
- ment economic planners who gets his sums wrong, Mr Pines 
' are struggling to find ways to could try to force an election 
contain spending within the even sooner. _ 
limited resources available The three big spending min- 
•2 next year. istries are Defence, Health and 

Fierce inter-departmental Education. Significantly, there 
battles are going on as individ- has already been a great deal 
oal ministriesfight to preserve of screaming from all three, 
their programmes, while the The Health Ministry has 
Treasury is seeking to impose just asked for about £12 
an across-the-board cut of 3.9 million to provide drugs and 

■ per cent, arguing that this is essential supplies for the many 
the only way to stop a new hospitals it daims are already 

• infla tio nar y spiral which out of money, even though 

• would wreck all the hard-won they are not supposed to 
-• achievements of the austerity receive any new funds until 
' measures introduced in sum- the start ofthe next fiscal year 

• m err last year. in April. 

Among the unpopular op- The Education Ministry has 
*: lions being considered are warned that if cuts are brought 

- devaluation, large-scale priva- in it will have to send all 
' tization and — most controv- children home from school at 

- ersial of all — a total II in the morning and sack 
restructuring of the Army. 8,000 teachers. 

The need for cuts is being The Ministry of Defence, 

■ forced on the Government which uses a quarter of all the 
~ because without them there nation’s available resources, 

seems no chance of avoiding a has asked for a 10 per cent 
1 huge budget deficit in the year budget increase. The Treasury 
ahead. At the same time there is accusing it of waste, of 
' is a commitment to tax re- demanding too much pay for 
form, because the economy is full-time soldiers, and of buy- 
stifled by the feet that taxation ing too much of the wrong 
accounts for almost 60 per kind of equipment 
cent of the total national The huge cost ofthe defence 

wealth. Money has also to be budget is giving the more 
found to repay government adventurous planners most 
loans next October which total room for though! 
nearly £1 billion with a further the cost goes in 
£2.5 billion a year later. maintaining a 

Mr Mosbe Nissim, the Fi- standing Army 
nance Minister, has ruled out annual reserve 
any increase in taxes and has sons for the end 
been thinking of saving population undei 
money by farther reducing 
subsidies for basic commod- 
ities and exporters. 

But the inevitable jump in 
inflat ion that this would bring 
is politically unacceptable to 
Mr Yitzhak Shamir. He can- 
not afford to see this happen 
so soon alter his taking over as 
Prime Minister from Mr 
Shimon Peres, whose great 
achievement was in running 
the Government white infla- 
tion was cut from about 4S0 
per cent to about 20 per cent a 

Mr Shamir cannot allow Mr Nissim: exai 
himself to be branded as the to cat Israel's 

Although it is almost sac- 
rilegious to mention it in a 
country where the Army is so 
revered for its professional 
dedication and skill, some 
planners are beginning to 
argue that it would be better 
and safer to leave the job of 
defending Israel to a “smart 
weapons” system. This would 
involve enormous capital out- 
lay, but would cost less in the 
end than paying the upkeep of 
the Army ana maintaining 
reserves in readiness. 

Moreover, it would give a 
boost to the Israeli technical 
industries which would be 
involved in their development 
and would therefore open 
export markets. At the same 
time, such weapons would 
preserve a qualitative edge 
over the Arab Ibices, which 
have increasingly been buying 
weaponry so good that it has 
eroded the difference in fight- 
ing ability of the two armies. 

Such radical thinking has 
yet to surface in public debate, 
but inside the Defence and 
Economics ministries the dis- 
cussion is under way. Mean- 
while, Mr Shamir has got to 
find ways of balancing next 
year’s budget. 

One idea winning increas- 
ing favour is to privatize. 
Profitable businesses which 
could attract buyers include 
the telephone company, Bez- 

- ■ 

■t- , 


Burgers and pizzas 
mark Kremlin’s 
new pragmatism 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

J \ - 


«*< ■ /! 


V'- ' f 

room for thought. The bulk of ek, the Israeli chemical com- 
the cost goes in running and pany, and — though a loss- 

maintaining a relatively huge 
standing Army and on the 
annual reserve framing ses- 
sions for the entire adult male 
population undo- 55 

If fSSSSfe 

mak er — the nati onal airline , 
El AL There is even talk of 
privatizing education 

Least popular of all is the 
idea of a devaluation, al- 
though this has been put 
forward by the head of the 
Treasury’s budget division, 
Mr Aaron FogeL He has 
argued that this would avoid 
the need to compensate 
exporters for the rise in wages 
and other costs and so save 
money and reduce de man ds 
on the budget. 

Mr Shamir, who is no 
economist, knows that some- 
how he has to square aD these 
circles. And that if be fails Mr 
Peres is waiting, ready to go to 
the country claiming that he 
alone knows how to run the 
national economy. 

i A 

\ ■'w — r 

' A 3 T to. 

Seilor Jos£ Benegas, the Socialist candidate hoping to bead the Basque Government, giving 
the “V” for victory sign after his party won 18 seals in the new 75-seat Basque Parliament. 

Basque voters divided 

Coalition talks begin after 
confused electoral result 

Ministers agree to ease EEC trade 

From Our Correspondent, Brussels 

, _ EEC trade ministers agreed centiy espoused by the Earo- rights for microchips as the 
yesterday on a series of long- pean Commission and the most important economically. 

yesterday on a series of long- 
delayed measures to ease trade 
and travel between Common 
Market nations. 

It followed an appeal for 
■more speedy derision -making 
by Mrs Thatcher, who called 
on EEC gov ernm ents to drop 
“finicky" and political objec- 
tions to 12 agreements which 
have held up for months by 
one or two countries. 

But diplomats say that the 

British presidency which lays 
down EEC guidelines. 

The arrangemeatsleave it to 
individual countries to make 
their own regulations on a 
series of measures, from fire 
safety in hotels to controls on 
counterfeit goods. 

Although the agreement on 
fire safety standards is most 
likely to catch the public eye. 

most important economically. 

Under the new agreement, 
customs officers can seize 

Prime Minister’s tetter was di plomat^ point to agreements 
probably less effective than on counterfeit gnds on 

pragmatic policy re- mutually-recognised patent 

be counterfeit. They can then 
be destroyed or disposed of 
non-commerrially so long as 
they do not re-enter the EEC 
market or Hamay the in- 
terests of trade mark tedders. 

The costs of counterfeit 
goods have been es timated by 
me European Farfiament at 
more than £40 bflfion and 
100,000 EEC jobs in 1985 

Basque politicians yes- 
terday began preparing for 
negotiations to form a co- 
alition government, made in- 
evitable by a general election 
revealing that Spain's north- 
ern region was more divided 
politically than ever. 

A majority of the Basque 
people — 71 per cent turned 
out at Sunday’s election, the 
highest since 1977 — showed 
themselves united only in 
wanting more home role from 
Madrid. More than two-thirds 
of the 75-seat Basque Par- 
liament will be marie up by 
various Basque nationalists. 

Against such a background, 
the Socialists will be best 
represented, having won 18 
seats, one less than they had in 
the previous Parliament, but 
nonetheless one more than 
those held by the Basque 
Nationalist Party (PNV), in 
power for the past six years. 

The scene early yesterday in 
two Bilbao hotels, from where 
the Socialists arid PNV ran 
their campaigns, iDusfrated 
the complex results. Both were 
celebrating because the PNV 
had mustered 18,000 more 
votes than the Socialists, who 
took only 22 per cent ofthe 
total votes cast but won the 
most seals. (Proportional 
representation in the three 
provinces explains this result) 
If Senor Josfe Benegas, the 
38-year-old from San Seb- 

From Richard Wigg, Bilbao 
as rian anti number three in the 
Socialist Party, can persuade 
three or even more parties to 
adopt a benevolent attitude. 

A prompt resurgence of Eta 
violence is the Socialists' mam 
worry if they take office, hence 
Senor Benegas's desire for 

he is likely to become chief nationalist support 

minis ter by miti- fannary 

A “Pyrrhic victory” was the 
judgement on the Socialists’ 
performance fay leaders of the 
Popular Unity (HB), the rad- 
ical left-wing Basque national- 
ist coalition and political wing 
of Eta, which continued an 
electoral advance by winning 


Seats won in new Basque Parlia- 
ment (1984 election in brackets): 

Socialists IS (19) 

Basque IMfanaM— . 17 (32) 

Basque SoMarity 14 (-) 

Popular Unity 13 (11) 

Basque Left 9 (6) 

Popular Affiance 2 (7) 

Democratic Centre-.. 2 (-> 

13 seats, only five less than foe 
Socialists. (One of its six new 
MPls in Sefior Benegas’s home 
province is in a Spanish jail 
awaiting trial for an alleged 
terrorist offence.) 

Strong, especially among 
foeyoung in a region who are 
suffering one of Western 
Europe’s worst unemploy- 
ment rates for the nnder-25S, 
foe radical coalition was en- 
dorsed during foe campaign 
by the best-known leader of 
the Basque armed separatist 

The PNV has given itself a 
fortnight to deride whether to 
govern in coalition with the 
Socialists, who got their 
chance after the Nationalists 
split two months ago. 

Senor Carlos Garaicoechea 
triumphed with his break- 
away Basque Solidarity Party, 
g aining 14 seats. 

Whether the PNV declines 
or not, Senor Benegas needs 
20 seats for a majority and 
must look as well to Senor 
Garaicoechea, who has set 
tough terms, and to Senor 
Juan Bandies, whose Basque 
Left performed well. 

Seflor Bandies contends 
that as both a Basque 
nationalist and a Socialist, he 
should be Chief Minister. 
Offering electors the best- 
prepared programme, his 50 
per cent advance in both votes 
and seats was one of the few 
positive results on Sunday 

A resounding defeat was 
inflicted on the right-wing 
Popular Alliance, meaning an- 
other serious blow for Senor 
Manuel Fraga. By contrast, 
Seflor Adolfo Suarez's Centre 
Party enters the Basque par- 
liament for the first time. 

Soriet viewers were recently 
treated toa curiously flattering 
television portrait of a New 
York branch of McDonald's, 
complete with fulsome praise 
for the sfzzfing hambmgers 
and a frank admission from 

fhg IfrwsfaH nunmpn^lnr that 

foe Communist state could 
fears from the standard of 
service found there. 

Coinciding with foe news 
that Pepsico is negotiating a 
ffcgfa of more than 100 Pizza 
Hut rest au r an ts in tire Soviet 
Union and /gresfaz’s report 
tftat American diet foods are 
soon going to be in Moscow 
stores, the film was farther 
proof ffcat Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov's economic revolu- 
tion is also aimed at trans- 
forming trading relations with 
foe West 

The main reason for the 
change of heart Is Moscow’s 
new economic pragmatism, re» 
inforced by foe collapse m 
world oil prices, which has 
drastically worsened Soviet 
terms of trade ami could cost 
foe Kremlin more than $4 
billion (£18 billion) this year 
in export earnings despite 
some increase in sales. Its 
current severe shortage of 
hard currency has been exac- 
erbated by the fnn ri n m Bg high 
costs of coping with the after- 
math of the Chernobyl di- 

Tin* inter national tihmw»g«m » 
of the Soviet reform pro- 
gramme has beat highlighted 
by the recent approaches to a 
number of world financial 
bodies until recently regarded 
as anathema to ideologues in 
the Kremlin. 

They have included the 92- 
member General Agreement , 
on Tariffs ami Trade (GATT), 
which in September tn>- 
ceremoniOBsly rebuffed the 
approach, the International 
Monetary FrauL, foe Organiz- 
ation of Petroleum Exporting 
Countries, the European Com- 
munity and foe World Bank. 
The transformation has been 
such that US diplomats have : 
coined foe phrase “economic i 
detente” to describe it ! 

Explaining foe West's cool- s 
ness to most of foe Kremlin's I 
new advances, Western ex- < 
peris often rite technical rea- 1 
sons stemming from the v 
1 Communist system. Bat 
underlying political factors are y 
considered equally as im- a 
portant and the main block to c 
any rapid rapprochement . o 
Jest as the onset of the Chid E 
War was essentially behind tl 
Moscow's failure to join a 
GATT and the IMF when they a 
were set up after the Second m 
World War, Western observ- w 
ers believe that only a dra- pt 
matic improvement in the n 
East-West climate (which pa- 
tently failed to emerge from w 
Reykjavik) fa likely to favour at 
its membership in foe firtme. ea 
Because of its foreign cm- si 
rency losses, which have led to fa 
even greater shortages, foe Si 
Soviet Union fa expected to Li 
borrow heavily on the other fin 
side of the Iron Curtain, oo 

Reliable estimates predict an 
increase In its puss debt from 
western sources from $2&6 
billion (£20.2 biffion) at the 
end of 1985 to $S3.f bflfion by 

The unprecedented series erf 
requests for an entree into 
some of foe West’s mam 
economic forums is also seen 
as recognition that the struc- 
ture of Soviet exports fa un- 
satisfactory, befog much too 
heavily oriented towards pri- 
mary products. 

This is one reason behind 
the aimomicemeat that, from 
January L, trade with the West 
wifi be liberalized with some 
90 ministries, agencies and 
organizations given the right 
to trade independently. 

The reform, which has at- 
tracted much interest from 
westerners frustrated by the 
red tape of the existing system, 
has yet to be spelt oat m fall. It 
is known that looser control of 
external trade will be handed 
to the newly-formed state for- 
eign economics commission 

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Part 2 

headed by Mir Vladimir 

Since the initial announce- 
ment in September, there have 
been signs of official caution, 
with the visiting Dutch Prime 
Minister, Mr Rnud Lubbers, 
being informed mi November 
21 that foe new scheme would 
start on a small scale and only 
be expanded if it was a 
success. He was told that the 
two central planks of the 
experiment would be decen- 
tralization and joint ventures 
with foe West 

a Although some two dozen 
joint ventures are already 
under way with Eastern bloc 
countries concerns (mostly 
combining Soviet capital with 
East European know-how), 
the sadden enthnriasm for 
setting than np with tire 
capitalist West represents a 
major ideological shift It is 
understood that the Soviet 
participants will insist on 
retaining a 51 per cart stake. 

Tire Kremlin's new-found 
willingness for economic ties 
across the Iron Curtain was 
earlier displayed by July's 
surprise agreement to par- 
tially honoar pre-Russian 
Revolution bonds held in 
Ixmdon. That cleared the way 
for Soviet hankers to know 
on foe London bond market 

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PM Owl (toes a passable 
impersonarion of a 
Dobermann pinscher with 
sharag cream on its face, part 
with Cool It 
8 that the stand-op 
co mcflian ases this Baw e ex- 
^esston for his reoderines of 
Doogtos, David Frost, 
Bons KarioEE, R^Khie Greene 
and the northern conurbation 
of Preston. Only Ronald 
Re*&*n (bis best ) and Pam 
Ayres (‘^People drink the P. is 
for pubic”) escape his canine 
g ri mace. 

As an impressionist, Mr 
Cool relies teavily oq foar 
ietters words and a script 
hickiiig in the rib-tickles of 
S”W«K a script mature with 
fanes like “kids, they’re a bit 
too childish for my hiring” and 
Jokes about how the CIA 
bagged Reagan's lavatory be- 
cause he speaks Arongh his 
fundament. It is odd this 
shoul d be so bad rimy it is 
written in tandem with Jasper 
Carrott. Unlike Cairo tt, 
though, Mr Cool stands ap 
through the whole show with- 
out any recourse to filmed 
inserts (in which 1 suspect he 
would be very good). 

In ewmiiiiag the tide of 
women, A People's Wor( C4) - 
about life on the Horae Front 

The masterpiece of ironwork 

A railway station has been turned into a museum: the Musee d’Orsay opens in 
Paris at the end of this week, a showcase for 1 9th-century European art and 
design. John Russell Taylor looks at the first exhibition, and other Paris shows 


Musee d’Orsay 
Le Triomphe des 
Petit Palais 

Louis Sde 
Institut Franpais 

France et la Russie 
an siecle des lumieres 
Grand Palais 


in toe Second World War - 
took an important, under- I 
explored saiject hot made it i 
ditchwater dnlL 

Britain was toe first cmmtry , 
to call up women and wwrtl 
1939 few married women 
worked for wages; by 1943 
seven millton women were 
doing so — ■ in factories, as 
AKre, as part of the land 
army. To begin with, the 
recrantoog drive painted a rosy 
world. Oue film dip showed a 
girl gazing moon-eyed at a 
poster, hwaginmg herself driv- 
ing an open car for some 
c&red general and then 
accepting an engagement ring 
from a wounded man in hos- 
pital. The reality was a world 
of 12-ham' shifts and half-pay. 

Unfortunately, Liz Neeson’s 
programme seemed to go 
against the grain of what it 
was discovering. Having 
learned to stand 9 for them- 
selves, many of those inter- 
viewed had obvioasly .sat down 
again after the war. 



Of all the museums to appear in 
this last decode prodigieuse of 
museum building, the Musfie 
d’Orsay must have excited the 
most advance comment and 
speculation. The very idea of 
taking Lakrax’s vast Gare d’Orsay, 
a masterpiece of Beaux-Arts iron- 
work redundant and semi-daehet 
since 1961, and making it into a 
museum-gallery of 19th-century ait 
and design, was imagination-grab- 
bing. And a number of preliminary 
exhibitions lifting the veil from 
now this corner of the museum's 
vast holdings, now that, whetted 
the appetite and raised expecta- 
tions. As did the extraordinary 
works the museum was baying at 
auction and privately, notably in 
Britain, which gave the impression 
that this was going to be truly a 
European collection, and not 
merely French. 

Now the Musfe d’Orsay is 
almost ready, bar a few last-minute 
adjustments, and is to open to the 
public at the end of the week. And 
what impression does it make? 
Astonishing, certainly, but also 
vaguely disappointing. It may well 
be that no actual museum could 
live up to all the expectations 
! aroused. It is possible that, given its 
terms of reference, it has done the 
best it can — though that, in detail, 
seems arguable. First, there is the 

matter of its location. The view on 
entry is stunning. Quite rightly, if 
the building was to be preserved at 
all, the integrity of the great arched 
central hall has been respected: the 
whole length of the buQding is kid 
out as a central avenue lined with 
sculptures, toe painting gal- 
leries within this central area are 
kept low and unobtrusive to either 

side. The trouble is that the 

building dwarfs the art — even very 
big pieces, like Carpeaux's La 
Danse, removed from the facade of 
the Op&ra — and constantly calls 
attention to itself for itself Gae 
Aulenti, no stranger to museum 
design, has solved many of the 
problems with considerable in- 
genuity, but again, it is an ingenuity 
of which one is constantly, distract- 
ingly aware. 

This would not matter so much 
if the works displayed were more 
interestingly selected from toe 
museum's vast possibilities, or 
arranged in a more innovative 
fashion. To begin with, despite toe 
museum’s recent purchasing pol- 
icy. this remains essentially a 
collection of 19th-century French 
art, with just here and there a nod 
to what was going on elsewhere: a 
couple of rooms of Viennese, 
Glasgow and American furniture 
from toe turn of the century, a tiny 
room of Belgian Symbolist paint- 
ing, and one solitary room devoted 
grandly to “Ecdes Etr a ngftre s” , 
sticking a couple of Italian Di- 

visionists hard by a single Winslow 
Homer and just round the comer 

Homer and just round the corner 
from a Buroe Jones. Ifa museum is 1 
going to be given over more than 
90 per cent to national art, it would 
do better to be overtly a national 

M ore serious stQl is toe 
opportunity missed 
to give us what the 
preview exhibition, 
which was seen in 
Brooklyn and Dallas earlier this 
year, claimed the d’Orsay was 
going to: "From Courbet to 06- 
zanne: a new 19th Century”. All 
the literature about toe museum 
malms a big point of the rfiangts 
which have come about in our 
views of toe second half of the 19th 
century, in cluding the revaluation 
of Art Nouveau, Symbolism, and 
even Academic art, with tire addi- 

tion of photography as a subject for 
aesthetic study. 

But though the museum does 
certainly show a lot, particularly in 
the Academic line, which would, 
until perhaps 10 years ago have 

been automatically relegated to 
basements, there is no attempt 
whatever at a new synthesis. 
Impressionists hang with other 
Impressionists, the Nahis have 
their own little enclave, and the 
great works of Courbet are placed 
m solitary splendour all by them- 
selves at the beginning of the 
suggested itinerary. Sym bolists and 
Academics still have their . own 
areas, shown, one feds, as phenom- 
ena rather than art. Why not do 
something really innovative and 
have, say, a gallery fora year, or for 
five years, and put Monet and 
Besnard together, or Puvis and 
Caillebotte? There is just one place 
where the possibilities inherent in 
toe collection are touched upon in 
this way, when Moreau and Degas 
are put in adjacent galleries, with 
an early Degas historical painting 
between, as a sort erf bridge which 
suddenly makes one realize that, 
radically different though these two 
artists’ lines of development were, 
they did not live in different 
worlds. It is a pity, too, that the 
Fine Arts and the Applied Arts are 
kept pretty rigorously apart, when 
this seems toe ideal opportunity to 
bring them together. 

It is too early to judge how the 
mall temporary exhibitions toe 
museum intends to have will work, 
since the first dftbt, though already 
partially in place, do not open unto 
December 18. It seems a pity that a 
really wonderful opport un ity has 
been missed, to open toe d’Orsay 
with a splendid show now at tire 
. Petit P alais (until January 18), Le 
Triomphe des mafriea. This con- 
cerns itself with toe decors of tire 
Paris mairies between 1870 and 
1914, a subject central to tire new 
museum’s concerns. And it really 
does retool one’s sensibilities. 
Though a couple of the painters 
concerned - Puvis de Chavannes, 
OuriSre, even Ch£ret — are still 
current in our thinking about art, 
most have dropped completely 
from toe official pantheon and tire 
conventional art history. And yet 
these sketches, brilliantly displayed 

next to photographs of the finished 
works and documentation about 
toe town-halls concerned, toe con- 
ditions of the competitions and so 
on, have so much life, vigour and 
sheer invention, not to speak of the 
dazzling technique one takes for 
granted, that we do really emerge 
refreshed, enlightened, and with 
much wider artistic horizons than 
when we went in. 

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E lsewhere in Paris there is 
a mixed bag of ex- 
hibitions, all of them 
interesting, if only to put 
one’s ideas on their su b- 
jects in order (even depressing 
order). At the Grand Palais there 
are BouchCT (until January 5), 
Estfeve (until January 12) and La 
France et hi Russie an sfede des 
Iwni feres (until February 8). Bou- 
cher emerges as decorative and 
agreeable in ones and twos, but 
dreadfully monotonous in colours 
and compositions over the whole 
career — and not even as titillat- 
ingly erotic as famous pictures like 
La Belle O’Morphey (not included, 
curiously) might lead one to be- 
lieve. Estive, though provocative 
of ecstasies among the few people 
there when I saw it, seems to be a 
perfect example of the sort of grand 
French bad taste which does not 
(mercifully) travel: his abstracts 
from the Fifties onwards are 
colourful, certainly, but quite in- 
coherent unless one regards them 
as sketches for curtain fabric — and 
even sa. The Russian show is of 
historical rather than artistic in- 
terest Russian aristocrats abroad 
getting themselves painted in Paris 
much as the English did in Rome, 
minor French artists visiting St 
Petersburg, and even more minor 
Russians teaming what they could 
from the visitors. 

But there is at the Institut 
Erancais d’ Architecture a totally 
beguiling show, easy to overlook, 
devoted to the architect-decorator 
Louis She, of Sue-et-Mare feme. 
He designixl all kinds of things, 
from mansions to scent bottles, 
most notably in the Twenties; his 
drawings are exquisite, his fur- 
niture the fine flower of Art Deco, 
and the fabrics and fittings have all 
the delicacy and precision, wit and 
charm tint one associates with 
France at its best 

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Dwarfed by design: self-portrait otGiromesculpumtles gladiatears 
by Jean-Lion Gerome in the Mus6e d’Orsay 

A decade away from The Met is too long a time for a 
soprano of the calibre of Dame Joan Sutherland. 

James Oestrefch reports from New York on her welcome back 




soprano’s return 


I Puritani 
Metropolitan Opera, 
New York 

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tt'vnrm <•«■> 

In recent years, toe absence of 
Joan Sutherland (which has 
now reached a full d e ca d e ) has 
been cited almost ritually as 
emblematic of the Metropob- 
tan Opera’s failure to secure 
the world's finest artists on 
any regular basis. So ^ her 
return this season to celebrate 
the twenty-fifth anniversary of 
her debut at the house (as 
Lucia di Lammennoor, on 
November 26, 1961,) was a 
signal event indeed, the more 
so since she recently had to 
wnrel several appearances 
hereabouts due to an ear 
problem. . . 

When she came on-stage as 
Elvira in a revival of Sandro 
Seoul's 1976 production of 
Bellini's / Puritani (at whore 
opening she had also sung), 
she literally stopped the show, 
touching off an ovation tig 
lasted several m in utes- ai« 
had no choice but to ffiknow; 

edge ii and leave toe stage, so 
that her husband, RjtajJ 
Bonynge could restart tne 
scene in toe orctestra. 

One does not, 
look for toe bloom^and fresb- 

Sutherland secmed J^hS 



s*a ££€ 

swoops to^ „ “ ^Jrtruck 


at least for this 

Sutherland ®f he S ^sur- 
impression, ma « all- 

star cast as the 

these .days: Samud 
/fimrmoi. Shemii 

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Billy Eidi from Lebanon was 
brave to choose Chopin’s “La 
d darem la mano” Variations 
with orchestra for his debut. 
The piece is a death-trap, with 
nerve-racking leaps and hand- 
fuls erf rapidly repeated notes, 
that can usually only be 
accurately negotiated in toe 
recording studio. Eidi did not 
have toe panache to save the 
work from sounding badly 
written. His fortes were rather 
hard and there was some 
unsteadiness, but this is 
hardly a work in which one 
can assess an artist with any 

Another Lebanese pianist, 
Abdel Pal mum El Bacha, 
former w inner of the Queen 
j Elizabeth Prize in Brussels, 
has a devastating clarity in his 
piano style such as I have 
seldom encountered. His' di- ' 
reedy focused tone in the 
opening of Schu man n’s ob- 
scure Introduction and Con- 
cert Allegro, Qp 134, with 
orchestra was profoundly j 
pure, but he seldom varied his 
dynamic range, and to some 
extent this nullified the initial 

The Irish harpsichordist 
Emer Backley is one of the 
very few such instrumentalists 
I have heard whose playing is 
expressive. The harprichord is 
an instrument capable of no 
variety in dynamics, and yet 
through her exquisitely devel- 
oped phrasing Miss Buckley 
brought to me works by Le 
Roux and Frobeager. 

James Methuen- 


Shadowed by 




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Sir Peter Pears, the distinguished British tenor 

At first sight, a Brahms con- 
certo and a Tchaikovsky sym- 
phony would seem to make an 
odd pairing. But in the case of 
Tchaikovsky’s Sixth Sym- 
phony and Brahms's Fust 
Piano Concerto there is, of 
course, a convenient link, that 
of tragedy, a turbulent kind in 
the one case, but more re- 
signed in toe other. 

It was an emotion that the 
London Symphony Orchestra, 
inspired by Claudio Abbado’s 
inducting , seemed in toe 
mood to make toe most o£ in 
spite of one or two brief 
moments of technical in- 
security, most noticeably from 
toe strings at some of toe more 
intimate points in toe Tchai- 

For the more turbulent 
work, the Brahms, of course, 
the soloist was Vl ad i mi r 
Ashkenazy, who performed 
with resilient to ug h n ess where 
he needed to, yet who was also 
able to make an imperceptible 
■sound in toe more subdued 
sections of the slow move- 

Yet there, as in toe more 
graceful passages of toe finale, 
he still maintained the essen- 
tially dark, restless spirit oftoe 
music, helped in no small 
measure by some sensitive 
woodwind playing. But this 
was also a reading of impres- 
sive unity as well as finely 
executed detail, for which 
Abbado must lake equal 

The Tchaikovsky, mean- 
while, was delivered with the 
emotional exaggeration .it 
needs. Why, after all, bother to 
disguise its unashamedly self- 
indulgent tragedy by under- 
statement? Abbado relished 
its extremes of dynamic. He 
was also willing to give the 
March a fine rein, so that its 
very relentlessness made it 
into something quite bizarre, 
its empty yet temfyiM power 
calling to mind the finale of 
Shostakovich’s Fifth Symph- 

Yet in such overwhelming 
company, the work in the end 
seemed curiously to lack sub- 
stance, and for once one was 
left questioning whether toe 
tears shed in toe finale were 
real or only those of a 

Stephen Pettitt 



Covent Garden 


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Joan Sutoerhmd as Ehrira 

(Riccardo), and Salv^ore 

SS2SS ssst 2 

i?°ius OTi^iilation 
Sfih Milnes, 

sgyrs o™ 

0 f tempo and somc- 

Smes Pitch- Ramey .and 
P ;««n-ssive in Doth 

voice and carriage individ- 
ually, proved doubly so in 


Musically, however, the 
performance seemed a bit 
under-rehearsed, lacking 
Booynge’s typical polish. 

No matter, Sutherland was 
hack, if only briefly, not- 
withstanding toe sobering re- 
minder of just what it is we 
have irretrievably lost in these 
last ten years. 

The Italian pianist Claudio 
Crismani, to judge him from 
toe second half of a concert 
which indnded Liszt and 
Scriabin, which he devoted to 
what was cautiously claimed 
to be the British premiere of 
Bartok’s Six Piano Pieces 
from Bluebeard's Castle, is 
more than adequately 
equipped fin* the technical and 
musical demands of those 

The Bartok pieces are; it 
seems, shrouded in obscurity. 
Bartok apparently began the 
transitions in 1945, shortly 
before his death, and it was 
left to his friend Gabor Antal 
to finish, them. The musk 
works weil enough in its new 
medium, but why the com- 
poser, who had by then settled 
down into a relatively conser- 
vative idiom, should want to 
return to the expressionistic, 
folklore influenced savagery 
of his younger days is a 
fascinating matter for specula- 
I tion. Anyway, Cnsmani 
powered his way through the 

S cle with admirable tenacity, 
ough his two encores, a 
Chopin Polonaise and Noc- 
turne, he was able to show a 
more tender side to his nature. 

Stephen Pettitt 

There is a sense in which the 
War Requiem was an odd 
work to choose for Sunday 
night’s tribute to Sir Peter 
Pears, but it is not the deepest 
one. As Pears's own words 
su ggest, quoted in the pro- 
gramme book from a late 
radio interview, there is no 
“suftabte” occasion for the 
piece, as there is no suitable 
occasion for war. 

To perform it here was, of 

course, a tribute to his creative 
com pani onship in Britten’s 
music, but there was justifica- 
tion too in toe work’s double 
nature as a public and private 
commemoration, fitting n 
concert that was both a royal 
gal* attended by Princess 
Alexandra, and a personal 

As it happened, this duality 
was caught right from the 
start, for Cblin Matthews’s 
new Tribute Fanj&re w as, self- 
declaredly, • both monument 
and acclamation, moving 
slowly up from the depths 
over an insistent slow drum 
pulse. It worked splendidly as 
an approach to Britten's 
arrangement of the National 
Anthem, which has its own 
way of mixing celebration 
with intimacy. 

After that this long pro- 
gramme continued with Moz- 
art's Sinfonia concerumte, 
where Bruno Giuranna of- 
fered more contrast than an- 
swer to Anne-Sophie Mutter's 

firm, striding - manner, her 
every phrase sitting up straight 
and wdlpolished. 

The War Requiem itself 
benefited from being pre- 
sented in a theatrical space, 
with the boys’ choir in the 
distance offstage, the main 
choral-orchestral forces boldly 
prominent against the black- 
ness, and the two male soloists 
with their chamber orchestra 
at the front Here was a 
display of the three levels of 
toe work, from toe impersonal 
liturgy through toe Verdian 
hammering at ft, to the 
personally-charged Wilfred 
Owen settings whose com- 
mentary on the Christian 
proceedings, poetically and 
musically, is so often ironic. 

Anthony Rolfe Johnson had 
toe task of singing toe Pears 
rote in a performance even 
more than usually shadowed 
by memories. He acquitted 
himse lf admirably, producing 
from his own resources, and 
especially at the start of “One 
ever hangs”, a lyrical ache that 
is inevitable, not forced. 

John Shirley-Quirk chose a 
much more vehemently subje- , 
ctive approach, and there was ! 
vehemence too from Galina 
Vishnevskaya, who can still 
thrust out sustained tones of 
bronze durability. The Philb- 
armonia Chorus operated su- 
premely over an extraordinary 
range, from a tuned whisper to 
jagged fortissimo attacks, and 
although the Chy of Bir- 
mingham Symphony Orchest- 
ra was not quite on its best 
form, the performance under 
Simon Rattle was fearsome 
and challenging. It was fol- 
lowed by a long silence. 

Paul Griffiths 

The Royal Opera House and Sadler's Wells Theatre 
in association with Youth & Music present 

TU JVLenottis f + 

1 he boy wno grew too fast 

v Rrifi.ilrz Premier? 

Britiwi Premiere 

v and i i 

- , Amahl 

& the mgnt visitors 

Dec II, a 15. lb. 
21 26. 27 at 
J. 70pm 

Dee 12. b. b, 
2. 50pm 

tiekeLc 12. 75 -IB 5t) 


(,<UtlL> c’ iVr.M cirvL-l 




There’s no place like first place 

Thirty years ago this week the Melbourne 
Olympic Games were in full swing. British 
athletes enjoyed some heart-stopping 
successes and some heartbreaking near- 
misses. William Greaves found lasting 
effects among victors and vanquished 

History remembers the aatrnan of 
1956 as a time when British and 
French forces landed in Suez, 
Russian tanks rolled into Budapest 
and the whole world held its breath. 
Even In distant Melbourne, where 
the Olympic Games were bring 
staged in Oesoatfeen hemisphere 
for the first and only time, the 
rumblings of international crisis 
were heard — Egypt, Iraq and 
Lebanon withdrew from tbe games 
in protest over Suez and Holland, 
Spain and Switzerland polled ont in 
tbe wake of the Hungarian 

But 2£58 men and 384 women 
kept their appointment with per- 
sonal desthiy. Some had realistic 
hopes of gold medals, white for 
others a medal of any metal was 
beyond their wildest dreams. All of 
them knew that the 17 days from 
November 22 to December 8 would 
provide their only chance to tilt at 
sporting i mm ortality. 

The once-m-foor-years fonmda 
of the Olympics constitutes both 
the games' fascination and, for the 

competitors, (heir agony. Some are 

fated to “peak” the year before and 
some the year after. Same, like 
Britain’s - Chris Brasher (3,888 
metres steeplechase) and GflUan 
Sheen (individual fencing), *mm» to 
Melbourne and steamed more- 
favoured rivals to win gold with 
their finest ever performance on the 
day it mattered. 

Other Britons who home 
with gold were Jody Grinham In 


S andwiched between two 
days of “collywobbles” and 
six crazy months of celeb- 
rity was the heart-stopping 
instant when Judy fi rm ham ’s test 
desperate thrust of outstretched 
fingers won her the gold medal in 
Melbourne's 100 metres 

Not even tbe official dock could 
separate her from American silver 
medallist Garin Cone, and both 
swimmers went into the record 
books with exactly the same time. 

Thirty years later, Mrs Judy Roe 
is a training co-ordinator m Dr 
Bamardo’s appeals department 
and the wife of a Hertfordshire 
chartered surveyor. 

“I was just a 17-year-old girl 
when I got into the pool and when I 
stepped out again I was in a 
different world of TV and radio 
interviews, after-dinner speeches 
and personal appearances. In 72.9 
seconds I was expected to change 
into a completely different 

Tbe feet that Judy remains 
today, by her own admission, 
“very shy with a tremendous 
inferiority complex” is due less to 
accident than to her own design. 
“Those first six months were as 
though I was walking around 
behind a plate glass window. 
People were out there but part of 

the 100 metres backstroke and 
boxers Terry Spinks and Dick 
McTaggart, while in Stockholm — 
venae lor the equestrian events to 
bypass Australian quarantine laws 
— Frank Weldon, Laurence Book 
and Albert H31 won the three-day 
equestrian evert. 

On the other side of the coin, 
Oxford undergraduate Derek 
Johnson, in the W metres, weald 
Bliss oat on gold by n whisker and 
spend the next 38 years pondering 
rurftally what have been. 

Aad Car Gordon Pfrie and Derek 
Ibbotsoo, silver and bronze medal 
winners in the 5,000 metres, there 
was to be a poignant aad tragic 
reason fee rrmcFuhrr Melbourne. 
The man who beat them, Umadan 
super athlete Vtedhmr Una, paid 
for his mtensive framing pro- 
gramme with his first heart attack 
friar years later and died fnan his 
.fourth in 1975 at the age of 48. 

Today, GflK a n Sheen (now, as 
Mrs GBfian Donaldson, a den tal 
surgeon in Auburn, New York 
State) keeps her embedded 
fa tiie lid of a cigarette case. “I 
think my cfaddren are quite proad 
of ®e, int they vraaMn’i admit it,* 
she says. “The ether day I aught 
one of them showing the medal off 
to one of his coBege friends.** 

And the others? How did the 
medals woo ml the nar- 

rowly missed affect thdr lives? 
One thtag b certain: not one «f- 
thera will forget what happened to 
them fa Mdbomme. 

A rural 

In a nriM and sensible sort of 
way, David Goode is a rerata- 
tionery. He warts to see dries 
transformed, so that rooftops 
sprout heath and woodlands 
and office bdUogs bloom 
with yellow racket and ivy- 
leaved toadflax. He also 
harboras a secret (beam — to 
reintroduce to Lo ndon the 
peregrine falcon, that most 
prized, and elegant of hunting 

Goode is an expat in the 
ecology of wettanls, who was 
lj©teaicaUy blooded in the 
peaty wiUeniess of toe Shet- 

Warner, loser, 

Marathon man: 


tens Brasher, Britain’s 
only athletics gold medal- 
list at the Melbourne 
Olympics, won the 3,000 
metres steeplechase by a clear 
15 yards, lost it 10 minutes later by 
disqualification and, with the 
vociferous support of the athletes 
who had been placed above him, 
was reinstated to his title at the 
very end of a nerve-wracking 

The win, tbe c ont r o v e rsy and the 
final outcome were to prove typical 
of his irrepressible p ro gre ss 
through tbe nest 30 years. Today, 
aged 58, he is Olympic and 
athletics correspondent of The 
Observer, race director and chair- 
man of the London Marathon and 
mana gi n g director of Ffeetfbot, a 
La nc aster-based sports goods firm. 

“In 1955 1 ran a time which put 
me into the world’s top ten,” he 
recalls. “So I said to myself that ifl 
gave up smoking and socializing 
tor a year I could be in the top six. 
And tfl could be in the top six, why 

not a medal? And if I was good 
enough for a medal, why shouldn't 
it be odd? 

“Ifyou set yourself a target you 
must never take the easy way out. 
When we started the London 
Marathon it was no good to me 
that it should merely be big. It had 
to be the biggest and best in the 

Enjoying a pint ofbeer and with 
packet of cigarettes at his dhow, 

Brasher disguises his perfectionist 

^MTninntinn behind 8 genial and 
even slightly battered exterior. And 
tbe gold medal, he insists, was just 
a passing phase in his life. 

“It was so fir in the past,” he 
says reflectively, “and I had quite 
forgotten about the anniversary 
until the other day. 

“It’s no good saying sfgcdd medal 
gives you selfconfidence because 
you wouldn't have won it without 
thatm the first place, bat I suppose 
ft did cement it by proving I could 
make it work for me in a crisis.” 

And tbe medal now? “I think it’s 
on top of a book case — we're not a 
very sentimental family, Tm 

Love over gold: Judy Grinham as winner, kft, and mother, right 

me was completely withdrawn 
behind a protective shed. 

“I knew that if I once allowed 
myself to dwell on that medal then 
the whole of the rest of my Hfe 
would be an anti-climax. I had to 
keep looking forward — 2 just 
couldn’t afford to look back.” 

But has the winning of that gold 
medal — stored away in an anony- 
mous-looking box — opened doors- 
in her career? “Never!” she 
exclaims. “If ever ft did get out that 
I once won an Olympic swimming 
event I always made sure it only 
did so after I had got the job. I need 
to be certain, you see, that any 

achievements which come my way 
are because of what I am and not 
because of something I mice did.” 

The medal she won has not, 
however, impeded her personal 
contentment “I used to astound 
people when I was 23 by saying 
how I wanted six children. WeD, I 
now have two of my own from my 
first marriage and then when I 
married Mike l inherited four 
more. Fm very lucky to be so 

“And I haven't lost all my 
competitiveness, either. I still find 
ft hard losing to any of the kids at 


W ith 80 yards to go in 
the 800 metres final, 
Derek Johnson saw 
the gap he had been 
wafting for. Sixty yards from foe 
tape he hit foe from And today he 
makes his admission with a wry 
smile. “From that moment on I 
started day-dreaming about run- 
ning my lap of honour.” 

The dream turned to a ni ghtmar e 
when the American favourite, Tom 
Courtney, gathered the last rem- 
nants of his courage and stamina, 
caught his British rival almost on 
the line and stole the wiki medal by 
one-tenth ofa second in the closest 
finish to a middle distance event in 
Olympic history. 

Fm* Johnson, the silver medal 
was a bitter disappointment and 
time has done nothing to amelio- 
rate his almost brutal self- 
condemnation. “Tom was 
unconscious when he crossed the 
line and didn't even know he'd 
won. He pulled out all the stops 
when it mattered and I didn't — I 
will always rebuke myself for that. 

“The year before in an inter- 
national in Moscow Pd had ton- 
sillitis and I won that race by 
running myself into bed for the 
nex t three days. This time I didn't 
do it. If it had been me who had 
collapsed on the ground in Mel- 
bourne Tm not saying I would have 

Harated by a split-second: Derek Johnson reflects, right, on < 

won. But I would have been a heU 
of a tot happier to have lost.” 

At the time, Johnson was a 23- 
year-old physiology student at 
Oxford Uzriverafty. He believed 
that he would have a second 
chance of a gold medal four years 
latex, hut in 1958 tuberculosis 
effectively ended his athletics 

Johnson, divorced and living in 
an apartment in Holland Park; 
London, is a computer consultant 
and president of foe International 
Athletics Club. 

“The gulf between gold and 
silver is tremendous,” he says. 

“There is just no comparison atafl. 
I have no doubt that ifl had won 
foe gold, things would have been 
different I believe that opportu- 
nities — especially business 
opportunities — would have come 
flooding in.” 

But Johnson still enjoys prestige 
m his sport He admits that he used 
his statin as a medal winner to 
mastermind foe athletes’ revolt 
which led to a British team going to 
foe 1980 Moscow Olympics in 
spite of Government pressure to 
stay away. “I am maturing nicely,” 
he says with a anile, “into a state of 
total competitiveness.” 

habitat. The wfld place that 
tempts b™ now is foe man 
made urban sprawL 
In 1982 he gave up bis job 
os assistant chief scientist at 
the Nature Conservancy 
Council to become head of foe 
Greater London Council’s 
first ecology writ. In Aprfl, 
the writ survived the wreck- 
age of the GLC and was taken 
under the wing of the more 
enviroumen tally-conscious 
London boroughs: 23 ont of 
33 now support it — to the 1 
tune of £240,M a year. 

Over the last decade, fas- 
cination with nature in dries 
has grown enormously and to 
satisfy this interest Goode 
has taken his camera and his 
trained naturalist’s eye ami 
foraged through the new ur- 
ban wilderness. 

Earlier this year he oat- 
fined his findings hi WiU in 
London , published by Mi- 
chael Joseph. This month his 
urban midlife shew takes to 
the mad, hegnmirtg with a 
fortnight's exhibition at St 
Pancras and Waterloo 

Goode and his «*■"» of 
ecologists display what is 
essentially a gazetteer of an 
alternative metropolis - a 
landscape of abandoned 
docks and railway stations, 
ruined cemeteries, forgotten 
wa ter w or ks and overgrown 
wastelands. They chart the 
retreat of industry and its 
replacement by nature. 

Most people are aware iff 
foe fox’s return to foe dty. 

But what of the rare little 
ringed plovers breeding in 
dried filter beds in Hackney? 

Or the nine spedes of butter- 
fly sighted one warm August 
day - at the disused 
Bricklayer's Anns goods sta- 
tion off foe Old Kent Road or 
even foe rag-necked para- 
keets which, having escaped 
from svaries and multiplied to 
the south London suburbs, 
have given Brftain fts first 
speries of wild parrot? 

Hence the dreams of a 
wilder dty. If they can create 
a woodland on the roof of a 
multi-storey car park in De- 
troit, why not in London? 

The great Victorian Bata- f 
ralists thought fort cities and 
wBdife were incompatible. 

But foe kestrel returned to 
London of its own accord — 
can the peregrine be fir 



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There, you won’t find the floors strewn 
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Nabokov: lust and found 

Vladimir Nabokov’s proto- 
type for Lolita — lost in 
wartime Paris, found in New 
York, mislai d again and 
rediscovered in Switzerland — 
has finally burst into print 
amid a flurry of scandals and 
scholastic speculation. The 
Enchanter has occupied 
French and Swiss best-seller 
lists since September. On its 
appearance test month in the 
United States, ft was hailed by 
Edmund White as the literary 
event of foe year. British 
publication, by Picador, is 
scheduled for January. 

Written in 1939, The 
Enchanter is the short, sad 
story of a respectable jeweller 
undermined by his passion for 
12-year-old giris. It was, wrote 
Nabokov, “foe first little throb 
of Loliltf. But it left him so 
uneasy that he meant to 
destroy the manuscript, the 
last fiction he would write in 

In May 1940, the Cam- 
bridge-educated academic fled 

from Ranee to America, 
where be landed a university 
teaching post and in 1 955 won 
celebrity with the paedophile 
Lolita. Four years later, in 
New York, he turned up a 
single copy of The Enchanter 
and was taken aback by what 
he called “a beautiful piece of 
Russian prose, precise and 
lucid.” He offered it to LoliteCs 
publisher, who accepted with 

But Nabokov was then 
occupied translating 
Pushkin’s Eugene Onegin. By 
the time he was free to prepare 
an English version of tire 
novella, it had vanished once 
again. He returned to Europe, 
settling in 1961 in the Palace 
Hotel Montreux, where he 
died in 1977. 

It was in family archives at 
foe hotel that an American 
researcher, Brian Boyd, found 
the manuscript A visiting 
French publisher learned of its 
existence in a conversation 
with the author's widow. 

Vera. The manner of its 
e x hu m a t ion, however, has 
raised question marks. 

Early in 1985, a Russian 
scholar at the Sorbonne made 
a much-publicized effort to 
blame the elegant Nabokov 
fin - , a nasty, pseudonymous 
19305 work called Novel with 
Cocaine. It provoked heated 
exchanges before a consensus 
formed to affirm that the 
novel was the work of a semi- 
literate nonentity, Mark 
Abramovich Levi, who died 
in 1936 in Is tanb ul 

But the attacks and innuen- 
dos prompted Dmitri Nabo- 
kov, the author’s son and 
translator, to leap to his 
father's defence. Dmitri insists 
it is “sheer coincidence that 
the novella is appearing now. 
That's just tbe way the manu- 
script turned up. It’s the kind 
of story that would have 
appealed to Father”. 

Norman Lebrecht 

©Tlww H—y|Mi. ua ms 


Our third extract from Robert 
Kilroy-Siik’s political diary, 
Hard Labour ; published on 
September 24, inappropriately 
attributed to Mr Pfeter Killeen, 
assistant regional organizer of 
the Labour Party in tbe north- 
west, a comment about foe 
Transport and General Work- 
ers Union’s attitude towards 
the membership of a delegate 
to tbe Knowsley North 
constituency management 
committee, which was in feet 
made by Mr Peter Fisher. We 
apologize to Mr Killeen for 
our mistake and any 

embarrassment it may have 

caused him. 



1 Constructed (6) 

5 Church store (6) 

8 Mohammed's son-in- 

law < 3 ) 

9 High -kicking dance 

10 Make great effort (6) 

11 Ring of light (4) 

12 Witness U-turn pro- 
hibition (3) 

14 Of land forms (13) 

17 Primula type (8) 

19 Ancient Syria {4) 

21 Relate (6) 

23 Calaber people (6) 

24 Small advertise- 
ments (3) 

25 Mean (61 

26 Control (6) 

4 Male ballet dancer (7) 

5 Go to see (5) 

6 Knight's title (3) 

7 Cannes region (7) - 
13 Destitution (9) 

15 Rower (7) 

16 Fretful (7) 

18 Groop of eight (5) 
20 Relating to axis (S) 
22 Primate (3) 


2 2nd Japanese City (5) 

3 Miniature 
representation (9) 


ACROSS: 1 Odd job 5 Sate 8 Climb 9 Read-out 11 Trembled 13 

Flat 15 Microchip 18 Role 19 Sparsely 22 Marengo 23 Polyp 24 
Rasp 25 Finite 

DOWN: 2 Drive 3 Jib 4 Suntan of proof 5 Saar 6 Trollop 7 
Acute 19 Tutu 12 Bock !4Tbor 15 Malaria 16 Prom 17 
Lymph 20 Eilat 21 Snap 23 Pin 


Anyone out there just got 
engaged? Congratulations - now 
you’ll be needing: our free 
banking (just stay in credit). A 
honeymoon (our Thomas Cook 

service). Ora \. 0 3 • s '"' 



A way to 
pay bills 

out ut 

(Budget Account). 

Midland Bank have all the 
right ways to help. 

Well, you’ve got enough to 
think about without worrying 
about money. 



Come and calk or phone 01-200 Q200 

for written details. 






able sort of 
to seedier 

I woodbinds 

cet and ivy- 
. He also 
t dream — to 
London the 
4 that most 
fit of hunting l.jj 

expert in the ! 
ads, who was 
eded in the 
e has since 
Heal change of 
9d place that 
w is the mas 

are op his job 
ief scientist at 
woe bead of the 
Ion CotmtiTs 
■nit. In April, 
ved the wreck- 
Zand was taken 
ig of the mare 
ally -conscious 
jgbs: 23 ont of 
ort it - to the -if 
KW a year, 
ast decade, fes* 
nature in ones 
lOfimMisty and to 
Interest Goode 
5 camera and his 
iralis?s eye and 
«gh the new nr- 

ns year he ont- 
dfays in Wild in 
iblished by ML 
h. This month b» 
ife shew takes to 

»pyimiing frith 0 


and Waterloo . 

ad hjs team of 
display what is 
a gazetteer af an 
metropolis - a 
. of abandoned a 
l nrilway s tations, 
Mteries, fo rgotten 
5 and overgrown 
a. They chart the 

• industry and its 
at fry nature, 
cople are await of 
retara to the city. 

: of the rare little 
lovers breeding in 
r beds in Hacfcae>? 
ae species of bntter- 
d one warm August 
; the disused 
ar's Arms goods sta- 
le Old Kent Road or 

■ rins*«ecked para- 
ph. bating escaped 

ries and multiplied in 
h London suburbs, 
ren Britain to first 
rf wild parrot? 

■ the dreams Of a 
in. If tfccj can create 
ind on the nwf of a 
#re> car park in IX- 
frv not in tendon. 
mi Victorian naro- 
honghl that «nts and 

were iMurupanble. 

. kestrel returned to 
of :B sc?’™ ~ 

* peregrine i* far 




it). A 

Cook 1 ' 



I the 

ugh to i 

)r jryin 3 j 



FASHION by Suzy Menkes 



■* ■ 




jjparidc and glamour 
: have co me back to 
the West End with a 
fresh look -fine 
stones set in a clus ter 
of jewellery shops 

eopfe aren’t shy about 
) wearing their jewellery 
any more," says Edward 
Cireen of Garrard, who is 
- showing off his refor- 
btsbeo store this week. The airy 
shop, decorated with new pillars, 
the grand old staircase and a 
tempting vista of a Pafladian 
gard en, looks as though a younger 
generation has taken over the 
ancestral home. Garrard has kept 
the family silver and displays 
some splendid stones, but with a 
sense of youth and freshness. 
There is a brand new gift depart- 
ment, and a new category of 
jewellery, including gold and di- 
^ amonds set in Perspex, at id- 
”■ atively low prices. 

This, in essence, is what is 
happening to London jewellers 
who, for the past decade, have 
been living on a bjgrspending 
foreign clientele while their home- 
grown customers grew older. The 
new sales pitch for the younger 
generation comes partly fr om an 
instinct for setfpreswvatkm, and 
partly from Ae cheats themselves 
who are investing Big Rang money 
in precious metals. “I am nwarad 
at Ae depth of our Bn gfah 
clientele,” says Edward Green of 
the Crown Jewellers. 

T he spur to the traditional 
jewellers has been the 
duster of names - iflns- 
trious or less weB-knowa 
— setting up shop in 
|r London. The lower end of Bond 
~ Street is now paved with di- 
amonds which is an ap p rop riate 
metaphor since part setting — die 
techniqu e of butting to- 

gether like a glittering crazy pav- 
ing — is the look of the moment 
Van Oeef and Aipds, who opened 
in London in 1983, have superb 
posset mixes of yellow and white 
diamonds and their secret tech- 
nique of “invisible” settings in a 
current special exhibition. . 

Tiffany is the latest big name to ' 
come to London. Its entbusiasiic 
young director, Rosamond 
Mondrian, has some -bald and> 
unusual stones — including a rose 
pink kunzite set in silver —es well 
as Paloma Picasso’s colourful 
amethysts and citrines. I see a 
gentle trend towards sOver among 
Ae new jewellers, and Tiffany, 
have a small selection of silver 
jewellery on an abstract or a 
nature theme from £65 to £850. 

. Bias LALAoOUNIS works in 
gold, the richest, glea ming 22- 
$ carat gold which he. sculpts into 
jewels inspired not only by bis 
own Greek heritage but also by 
what he describes as the “recurring 
patterns** which are found 
throughout our cultural history. 

His revival of ancient tech- 
niques was first applied to copies 
of ancient jewellery. But 
LALAoUNIS, an ebullient de- 
signer in his sixties, has since 
drawn on a weflspring of nature: 
insect life, the movement of waves 
and water, sperm cells and chro- 
mosomes, salaries and planets. 
His creative energy transforms 
these info striking but harmonious 
jewels, redolent of history. 

There is a new price category for 
the imaginative jewels which start 
at around £500 and average from 




Wholesale Showrooms: 

10 Poland Street 
London. W.t. 
Monday 1st to 
Ms* 5th December 1908 
9.30 a-m- - 5-30 pjn. 





the Ser 



— aassfsa* 

Ccriour Cnafrpa^®__ 

GtftWrapp«9 £ T50e^ 

^ntQRTaa w^, 


£2,000 to£3,000> For this land of 
investment you would got. jew- 
eBery made to your 'own taste, 
commissioned from a choice of 
illustrations by Fiona Lukes. 
Fiona, a former designer at Aspcey 
and Collingwood, describes her 
style as “flowing and liquid using a 
lot of small stones to keep to a 
shape and form”. She works from 
3 Cork Street, London Wl. 

elicate “white” jew- 
ellery, fashioned in 
) platinum and di- 
amonds and test in 
vogue during the Ed- 
wardian era, is the speciality of 
Nigel Milne (16c Grafton Street, 
London Wl). He recreates gem set 
drop earrings on Ae bow t h em e 
(from £3,000) and Ae same idea is 
worked by his modem des i g ner 
Kiki McDonough whose onyx 
heart and crystal jewels all sell at 
under £500. 

Tonight at The Times shopping 
evening at Liberty, the launch of 
an exhibition of silver jewellery 
undertines Ae new trend. Cobra 
and Bellamy, whose costume 
jewellery from Ae past is now part 
of Liberty’s fine jewellery depart- 
ment, are introducing Blum and 
Bertagnolifrom Italy, whore ham- 
mered silver jewellery, inlaid with 
opals and pearls, is an effective 
bridge between fashion and fine 
and fim to wear. 

Abam Fine feathers and -fine 
jewels: Garrard* a Importa n t heart- 
' shaped emendchand damonti 
necktoce, £106^000; i 
822,600. Ffom Garrard, Aa i 
Jem alters, 112 Regent Street. 
London Wl . Yves Saint Laurent’s 
greeny-black cockerel feathers on a 
scarlet satkijacket Akab print 
gtaves, from YsL Rive Gauche, 113 
New Bond Street, Wl 

Above right Golden symbols: Uas 
LALAoOUNIS’s sculpted 22-carat 
gold Son’s head twist choker, 
£3,375; earrings, £1.690; brooefc 
£1,350. Lion bailee set with 
' diamonds, sapphires and rabies, 
£3,725. Ram’snead brooch, £1,060 
and bracelet. £3v485. AS from lias 
LALAoUNIS Gallery. 174 New Bond 
Street Wl. Roland Klein’s g 
stripe sweater, £159 from 261 
• • Street, Wl 

: Silver leaves: Tiffany's 
j sftmr ivy-Jeaf necMaos, 
£995, earrings, £110 from Tiffany, 
25 Old Bond Street, Wl. Victor 
Edelstein's ivy green sft velvet . 
dress to order from 3 Stanhope 
Mows West, SW7 by appointment 

Far right Animal magic: Cartier's 
. panther bangles In emerald, 
efiamond and onyx, £46,000, ok! 
double-headed, £73,025; panther 
Heck diamond and peart earcSps, 
£7,025; ring, £6,285. AM from 
Cotter, ITS New Bond Sheet, 
London Wl. Bruce Oldfield's mink- 
trim velvet (fress from 27 
- Beauchamp Place, SW3 

Honey Beige 

corduroy than >te oniiiwi far 

shinitress - no wain 

Side semi pocteis. Lenph 45 HMW 

inch hem. Turn inside 

washing. 88 % col Mm. 12% pdyeuer. 

Made m our Kem woArooms - delivery 

from siock and refunded if unswtablt 

gjfr tel. 35 *1 ** 

Ifc-Wb. 42h.l and W42b. 4*kl - 


Henfrury Manor, Elbam, 
(iS?b%^CT46NL . 
(030384582).’ . 

uhel far broefaw ede 

%f.rto.ssnn Loetoi«7 

All that’s 

Oh, what a &tzr party- When 
publisher Naim Attaltak 
lamched his AM fragrance at 
KQ Stickers m Soho last week, 
be gaaranteed gtitter for Ae 
gtittrtSti fry dresug hte pretty 
“young thing” assistants ia gold 
hat coefedi— » rm ap fry Ms 
cook. AEee Ay, 18, greeted 
guests IndudSteg her father Peter 
with his new wife E mm a , and 
Aahme Waagk who posed wiA 
a tinenip of golden gkfaf fer Ae 

Pfwgd MmrgOBX Rtu mMg wttji 

was there, wrapped to her ears fit 
far, anff the dfimonative Ipaey de 
Pool tossed her blonde mane 
ever Ae caviar canape Rebecca 
Fraser, daughter of AatexU 
Pinter, was another star geest 


Perhaps Naim b Abdriag «f 
fari ng the rest ef her Btenry 
family to Quartet to complete his 
csBactisn sf society saAnss? . 

Is case Ais spszkBng cr o w d 
still missed Ae point, Sanya 
Khmsiwggi, dad fa white face like 
a benevolent fairy g ftdmoAer, 
distributed stiver lam* pouches 
(presumably also ran up fry Ae 
cook) containing gold phials of 
Ae fragrance. Nndor. (N ai for 
AttaDah, D*or fee Ae gltay gold 
packa^mgL is described as “a 
pravogAve perfame for Ae 
extravagant woman”. At £2^80 
for 25 onces, yuifte tefling me. 

Mouth of Michael 

FasWon aficionados wfll be 
gkied to their television screens 
.on Friday evening when man-of- 
afl-rng^trades Mtichnel. Roberts 

stars in LWTs South of Watford 
show. - Among A ose con- 

toa f §£i»tobS , bS? after 
Roberts's witty but bitchy attack 
on Nm and his latest collection 
in the Sunday Times, and MoBy 
parkin, who sees Roberts as 
her protegfr after his long 
apprenticeship with her in the 
1970s and talks about the wide- 
eyed fashion iBustrator whom 
she taught to write. There are 
also fly-on-the-waB snippets 
from Roberts's controversial 
photographic sessions when he 
dons nls photographer's cap 
and aims a cheeky lens at 
models he has personally 
recruited from Sioaney Chelsea 
pubs. * 

Red salesmen 

Those two fashion giants, 
Pierre Cardin and Yves Saint 
Laurent, are flatting an epic 
battle to be the fast to launch 
French fashion fa both the 
Peoples Republic of China and 
The Bear next door. Raisa 
Gorbachev win open the first 
Cardin shop in the Soviet Union 
next summer and Saint Laurent 
and fas partner, Pierre Berge, 
have been appointed consul- 
tants to China's Ministry of Light 
Industries and Textiles. - 

• Upstairs at Sobo’s Croacho 
Chib test week, Ac ItatianfemQy 
Benetton cast off their commer- 
cial colours and tenndied their 
spring collection for art’s sake. 

of Art and St Martin’s had Aefr 

quins draped in Ae mated coL 
oms of Benetton. 

Make-up by Ariane for Yves Saint Laurent Beaufa, using colours 

Hair by Caron Banfiald. Photographs by JOHN SWANNELL 

The most distinctive labels aren’t 
always found around necks. 

- Croft Ports. Appreciated at Ae finest dinner parties 
\ for over three centuries. ; : 













• FINISHED . _ . . 

I6in8 x 16ms 

1faaekit8an8nfabfc«Aft(friBKQfnxi — , 

Red, Yefinr, Dark Bfae and 
Tfa finstad medtenk » ideal bt usa as a PKJIUBE crai o conr for a 


OR . 

colon -Bbei, Green, 



Relay mirror 




David Hart argues that both Gorbachov and Reagan’s critics in America are wron g o ver the future of deterrenc e 

Why Moscow must join Star W ars 

•/ : : 99 ■■ RrimwartefRiehard Willson aeatmg sabffig, tove^prs 


opponents of 
US Strategic 



regard it as some 
kind of Utopian 
dream tH»f win destabilize the 
strategic relationship. To claim 
that the SDI is desteblxzing is to 
accept that the present strategic 
situation is desirable. It is not 

The SDI is a practical attempt to 
protect the world from the all too 
real strategic nightmar e that the 
present Soviet first-strike capabil- 
ity creates. Mere is one version of 

that nightmare. 

It is 3 am in Washington. 
President Reagan is asleep. He is 
woken to be informed that Ameri- 
can early warning computers have 
detected a Soviet missile a tta c k . 
He has about 23 minutes, the 
flight time of the missiles, to 
decide if the computer informa- 
tion he is being given is correct or 
the product ofan electronic brain- 
storm, if American early warning 
command personnel have been 
overcome by Strangeloveitis, if the 
missile launch is an accident or 
deliberate, if he should launch his 
own missiles. 

He has to make these decisions 
while be is waking, while he is 
dressing, while he is being hustled 
on to an aeroplane or into a 
bunker. Many of his closest advis- 
ers may not be available, even on 
the telephone. Access to Soviet 
leaders on the hot line takes many 
valuable minutes to secure. Hu 
own command and control proce- 
dures have to be initiated. There 
will be absolutely no time for calm 

What president would order the 
launch of American missiles 
under such circumstances? 

The nightmare does not end 
there. Imag ing that the Soviet 
Union launched a first strike and 
that the American president did 
not order his missiles to be 
launched soon enough to escape 
destruction. All American land- 
based midear forces and many 
command and control centres 
would be destroyed. Between five 
and ten million Americans would 
be dead or dying. 

In such a case, the president 
would have two options — to 
surrender or to order those bomb- 
ers that had survived and the 
missile-armed submarines oa star 
tion to ta fmrfi a counter-attack 
against Soviet civilians, knowing 
that the Soviet Union could and 
would retaliate against American 

How has this instability arisen? 

At the time of the 1962 Cuba 
crisis America had about 4,000 
nuclear weapons and the Soviet 
Union about 100. That, together 
with certain Soviet conventional 
force inferiority, explains why 
Khrushchev backed down. The 
Cuba debacle caused as deep a 
psychological and political wound 
m the Soviet Union as the 
Vietnam defeat caused in the US. 

The Soviet Union's response 
was to create a strategic and 
conventional capability that 
would make it immune from the 
kind of blackmail that Kennedy 
used against Khrushchev.Today, 
the Soviet Union has many more 
accurate, land-based strategic mis- 
siles than die Americans. This 

f 2 ) Surveillance 
satellite alerts 
joint-controiled computer 

Relay mirror 

provides it with a first-strike 

Those who argue that the Soviet 
leaders would never launch a first 
strike wtMs the point entirely. The 
Soviet Union does not need to 
initial a first strike. In any Cuba- 
like confrontation it can face 
down the Americans amply by 
possessing the capability. 

When President Ragan took 
office he had to decide whether to 
acquire a first-strike capability for 
America, a most destabChzmg 
option, or to do something 
else-The first aim of the SDI is 
much more practical and limited 
than most of its critics will admit 
It is to deny the Soviet Union its 
first-strike capability and thus 
restore a measure of strategic 

The principal thrust of SDI 
research has been towards achiev- 
ing weapons systems that will 
destroy missiles just after they are 
launched, in the “boost phase**. As 
now envisaged, boost-phase de- 
fence systems will consist of 
satellites to provide warning and 
tracking information, lasers on the 
ground, a|w| ing systems — for 
example, mirrors in space — and 
hafl fp management computers to 
control the various dements. 

A missil e launch will be de- 
tected, foe lasers will fire a beam of 
very high energy light up to a 
mirror that has been waiting in 
space, in a geo-stationary orbit 
above it This mirror wfll send the 
beam to another battle mirror that 
has been waiting above the Soviet 
Union which, in turn, will direct 
the beam on to the rising missile 
and destroy it AH this will be 
controDed by the battle rnanags- 
ment computer. 

Will it work? Despite claims by 
scientists in America and here that 
foe technology cannot be invented 
(there were similar claims by 
<imilar e minent scientists before 
the atom bomb was invented), 
research under the SDI has been 
enormously successful. There 
have been important break- 
throughs, incl uding t ransmi tting 

lasers through the atmosphere 
without losing optical quality, in 
foe de sign a nd engineering of large 

and small mirrors, in the technol- 
ogy of missile interception over 
great distances, demonstrated re-, 
centiy, and in the detection and 
tracking of at the very 

high levels of accuracy needed for 
boost-phase interception. 

Some opponents of the SDI 
argue that even if a system could 
be myte to work, the space-based 

would be vulnerable to Soviet pre- 
emptive attack. They point out 
that the Soviet Union has already 
demonstrated an anti-satelljie 
capability. Informed SDI support- 
ers counter this by saying that 
research already demonstrates 
foal the cost of destroying the 
mirrors would be so much greater 
than foe cost of deploying them 
that the Americans would be able 
to deploy enough to provide 
invulnerability through redun- 

Other opponents, especially 
those administration officials who 
do not want to abandon foe 
concept of offensive deterrence, 
argue that boost-phase defence is 
afl very well but it has not been 
demonstrated and, in any case, foe 
Soviet first-strike capability could 
be neutralized more simply, using 
existing technology, by weapons 
that destroy missil e warheads just 
before they strike their targets, in 
the “te rminal phase”. 

part from the horrific 
cost of achieving mod- 
em terminal defence 
systems — so horrific 
1 that foe Americans 
have deployed none and foe 
Soviet Union only one, even 
though foe ABM treaty permits 
each side to deploy two — such a 
derision would undermine foe 
essential moral and strategic prin- 
ciples of the SDI vision. 

The gravamen of President 
Reagan's concept is to harness 
America’s technological genius to 
create a series of defensive weapon 
systems that will be able to destroy 
an increasing number of Soviet 
missiles in fixe boost phase. Ini- 
tially, even if they can be relied on 
to destroy, say, only 32 per cent of 
laundied missiles, this will re- 
move the Soviet Union’s first- 







inf, icnm 


strike capacity by making 
success of such an attack impos- 
sible to predict and therefore 
uncertain to be a credible military 

Eventually, as the systems 
prove to the point whore they 
be relied on to destroy, say, 70 
cent of all launched missues, they 
will render all ballistic missies, by 
for foe most unstable element 
each side's strategic arsenals 
cause of their very short 
time, too un reliable to be worth 
deploying in affordable numbers. 

In this way Ragan seeks 
transfer from deterrence by threat- 
ening the detraction of the 
side to deterrence by rendering the 
other side's missiles impotent and 
obsolete — a transfer from offen- 
sive to defensive deterrence. 

If the SDI does produce 
ectrve defence weapons the Soviet 
Union will, naturally, fed that ~ 
has been partly disarmed. That, 
after all, is the intention. Those 
who argue that this would cause * 
to react in unpredictable 
dangerous ways and call for more 
conventional forms of arms 
trol, for example, by agreement, 
have a right to an answer. 

There is an answer, a profound 
and startling idea that is currently 
being debated by those advisers 
closest to President Reagan and 
who most enthusiastically share 
his strategic vision. In many 
public statements at Geneva and 
at Reykjavik, Reagan offered to 
“share” foe fruits of the SDI with 
the Soviet Union. 

At first right this idea seems so 
ridiculous that most ob se rver s 
dismiss it as a political 
gimmick. Gorbachov did not take 
it seriously. In his post-Reykjavik 
television broadcast to foe Soviet 
people be asked why the Ameri- 
cans should expect him to rdy cm 
their offer to share SDI when they 
would not share much less sen- 
sitive technology and, on occa- 
sion, bad even refused to share 
their grain surplus. This reaction 
is not surprising since few admin- 
istration officials have thot^ht 
“sharing” out 

Reagan advisers are now explor- 
ing the idea in greater detail and 

have begun to evolve a concept 
that, if implemented, could lead to 
profound changes in the way the 
world is ordered. The proponents 
of the “sharing” idea are consid- 
ering off e rin g to join with foe 
Soviet Union in a Joint Strategic 
Defence Agreement which would 
replace the ABM treaty and would 
provide for the creation, when foe 
technology permits, of a joint 
strategic defence facility. 

. That joint facility would be run 
by an- independent, jointly con- 
trolled command and control 
computer. Its programmes would 
be jointly developed so that both 
sides would have confidence in its 
performance. It would have con- 
trol of a limited number of each 
side's defensive systems. It would 
be programmed, if switched on by 
either side, to order whichever are 
foe most appropriate of either 
side’s defensive weapons to attack 

any missiles that were fired from 
either country. 

The joint control facility would 
not need to diminish the defensive 
capability of either ride. Only a 
sufficient number of strategic 
defence weapons necessary for the 
destruction of the other ride's 
missile s would need to be dedi- 
cated to iL Further independent 
systems, to provide invulnerabil- 
ity through redundancy, could be 
deployed by either side if it 

Proponents of this idea argue 
that a system fin* population 
defence does not have lobe perfect 
in order to be worthwhile or in 
order to be “shared”. A limited 
system could be deployed that 
prevented either side from having 
any chance of making an effective 
first strike. 

Urey point out that present 
arms control agreements, : 

anacK ay 


creating stability, have presided 
over foe acquisition by foe Soviet 
Union of its first-strike capability, 
largely within the te r ms of foe 
treaties - which the Soviet Union 
has in addition breached, although 
Moscow, of course, denies this. 

They say that a Joint Strategic 
Defence Agreement would en- 
hance stabihty not only because it 
would prevent either superpower 
from acquiring a first-strike 
ca pabili ty. It could also be regu- 
larly tested and compliance by 
both sides could be publicly 
demonstrated. Either side could r 
switch foe system cm at any time 
and then launch unarmed missiles 
in trajectories that simulated an 
attack by the other side. 

uch a system would con- 
fer other important bene- 
fits. Some Washington 
officials believe that the 
Soviet rocket forces are 
not as well run as they might be. 
There have been unconfirmed 
reports that nuclear missiles have 
been fired during practice and 
subsequently destroyed in flight. 
After Chernobyl these reports 
assume new credibility. The 
Americans, too, have had near- 
accidents. A Joint Strategic De- 
fence System would be able to 
cope with such emergencies and, 
largely, remove the dangers of an 
a cciden tal nuclear war. / 

Many inride and outside the 
adminis tration will say that Mos- 
cow would never enter into such 
an agreement But sooner or later, 
as the technology advances, as the 
superpowers are forced towards 
aims control agreement — foe US 
by public opinion, the Soviet 
Union by its relative economic 
failure — the attractions of a Joist 
Strategic Defence Agreement 
based on SDI could become 
irresistible to both: the Americans 
because it would provide security 
and stability, the Soviet Union 
because it would represent the 
only way they could retain super- 
power status. 

The Joint Strategic Defence 
concept raises profound questions 
about the way the wodd is to be 
ordered and has important con- 
sequences for all other powers, ^ 
especially for the other nuclear i 
powers. Such a facility would be 
able, if it could destroy American 
and Soviet strategic missiles, to 
destroy British, French, Chinese 
or any newty-nndear country's 
strategic missile s. This would 
confer on foe participants in such 
a scheme an international status 
that it would be impossible for 
other powers to aspire to. If it was 
exclusive to the US and the Soviet 
Union it would greatly widen the 
gulf between the superpowers and 
the rest of the world. 

Opinions on whether or not 
such an agreement will ever be 
entered into depend partly on 
whether one is an optimist or a 
pessimist There is no doubt that 
the onward rush of technology will 
provide foe means for such a 
system to be deployed, probably 
sooner than most people expect 

It is time the SDI debate was 
elevated into an exploration of the 
promise for intenxational^tabitity 
that this extraordinary pro- j> 
gramme can offer. 


right out 

“Labour’s revival” is the heading 
of one of the press handouts being 
issued during Neil Kinnock’s trip 
to sell bis defence policies to the 
USA. It points out that the Tories 
in 1983 gained 44 per cent of the 

- vote and 397 seats compared with 
Labour's 28 per cent and 209 
seats. It adds: “The Liberal/SDP 
Alliance won just 23 seats.” It 
omits the Alliance's share of foe 
vote: 26 per cent — a figure that 
might mike Labour appear just 
another also-ran. 

Burnt out 

• Even though an anti-Aids vaccine 
is unlikely to be developed for 
several years, the World Health 
Organization has more encourag- 
ing news on another scourge of 
mankind. A preventative vaccine 
against leprosy developed, with 
WHO support, by Osaka Univer- 
sity, is being given its first public 
test at the organization's Geneva 
headquarters on Monday. A Japa- 
nese volunteer, Ryoichi Sasakawa, 
an industrialist who helped fi- 
nance the research, will be vac- 
cinated in the executive council 
chamber with Halfdan Mahler, 
WHO director-general, looking 
on. WHO is clearly taking no 
chances in its choice of volunteer 
Sasakawa is 87. 

• Ronald Reagan, quoted in- 
September by Fortune Inter- 
national magazine; “Surround 
yourself with the bes t peop le you 
can find, delegate antbority, and 
don't interfere.” If only we had 
twigged at the time. 

To the point 

In an Edwina Curie-style attempt 
to scrutinize the nation's diet, the 
Office of Population Censuses and 
Surveys is resorting to curious 

- tactics. Interviewers' kits come 
1 complete with safety pins. Wby? 

To give to men to fix to their Y- 
frontsasa reminder to take a urine 
sample. “And we give them to 
women too,” boasted the man 
from OPCS. 

Hold fire 

The British troops on exercise in 
Oman last week were each handed 
a booklet of do's and don't's 
before boarding their aircraft at 
Brize Norton. Samples: do not 
stare at Omani women or sit with 
the soles of the feet turned towards 
any of the locals, which is appar- 
ently a great insult. The footnote 
attracted most attention. It 


warned: “You may wefl encounter 
a sheep or goat in foe middle of 
nowhere. It is not lost and it does 
belong to someone. Do not con- 
vert it into drops, or else you win 
pay the owner the going rate, 
around 100 Riyals or £175.” 

No quarter 

Actor Robert Stephens continues 
to draw on the character of his old 
friend Dltyd Harrington, former 
chairman of the late GLC, for his 
on-stage interpretations. The first 
three were a burnt-out school- 
teacher. a small- town mayor in 
Ibsen’s Brandi, and Claudius in 
Hamlet. The latest plundering 
could be seen at foe weekend in an 
ITV production called Unnatural 
Causes, in which Stephens played 
a homicidal Welsh barber. If 1 
were Harrington I would consider 
it high time to sue. 

Smoked out 

during the RoyalSmithfiekl Show! 
vegetarians and animal rights 
campaigners were conspicuous by 
their absence yesterday from their 
usual spot outside Earls Court 
undergound station. Perhaps the 
pungent smeO from a hamburger 
and hot dog stand by foe station 
entrance was more than they 
could bear. 

‘I didn't think the liberals 
were doing afl that badly* 


Gowher Rizri previews a sale of letters that throw new light on the ‘missing’ years in 

The French avant garde composer 
and conductor Pierre Boulez can 
take the credit for the title of a hit 
pop song. American singer/song- 
writer Paul Simon tells how the 
71-year-old Boulez, attending a 
party at his house, addressed aim 
inexplicably foe entire evening as 
AL When Boulez left he thanked 
“Al” for the occasion. Simon 
corrected him — but added: “You 
can call me AL” Hence the song 
which, musically at least, is void 
ofBoulezian overtones. 

Pigeon post , 

Professor Julian Farrand, chair- 
man of foe Law Commission's 
standing committee on convey- 
ancing. did not expect more than 
the usual postbag when he invited 
the views of interested parties on 
restrictive covenants, which con- 
trol alterations to properties and 
changes of use. But he has been 
swamped by letters from pigeon- 
fanciers. They complain that the 
covenant system prevents them 
from building pigeon lofts in their 
gardens. At least one lobbyist 
probably did more to damage his 
argument than help it: he sent a 
photograph that showed a loft 
larger than his bungalow. 

Hope abounding 

After the embarr a ssing financi al 
collapse in 1983 of the Bob Hope 
British Classic golf tournament — 
the star-studded charity tour- 
nament in which he played every 
year — the comedian is a gain 
putting his name to the game. This 
time foe tournament, to be played 
at both local and international 
level, is called the Bob Heme 
Golfer Competition. The dif- 
ference is that this time the 
contestants are ten inches high 
and radio-controlled, each 
moulded in Hope's imag e 


A firm called Vurceremos Wines 
and Spirits is providing left- 
wingers with an ideologically 
sound way of getting mellow this 
Christmas. It is advertising 
Mogenblumchen, “Zimbabwe's 
most popular wine” (each case 
sold raises £2 for the Anti Apart- 
heid Movement), Crimean Red 
Table Wine and Havana Club 
Bacardi. It also offers bar facilities 
for parties, with Nicaraguan ram 
and Russian vodka cocktails foe 
specialities. Never have liberation 
and inebriation been so closely 


South Africa as the Mahatma developed his spiritual and political philosophy 

Y our dearest friend — Gandhi 

There has never been any dearth 
of material for scholars working 
on Mahatma Gandhi. If any thing , 
they have been inundated with ft. 
Gandhi’s public life stretched over 
half a century and across three 
continents. During those years he 
wrote extensively, to snare his 
thoughts and mobilize his sup- 
porters; and he was also a prolific 
correspondent, seldom allowing a 
letter to go unanswered. 

In 1957 the government oflndia 
began the Homeric task of coflect- 
ing and publishing the Mahatma’s 
works. Three decades later it is 
still not complete, but we already 
have 85 volumes running into 
over half a million printed pages. 
Gandhi's own writing was supple- 
mented by that of followers who 
| worked with him and shared his 
ashram life; their diaries, notes 
i and autobiographical accounts 
have added considerable insight 
into our understanding of the 
Gandhi phenomenon. 

Now cranes the exerting discov- 
ery of more than 250 letters which 
Gandhi wrote to his friend and 
disciple, Hermann Kallenbach, 
which are to be auctioned al 
Sotheby's on Decern bo- 18. 

Gandhi and Kallenbach were 
kindred souls wbo forged a life- 
long friendship. It began, with an 
instinctive attraction, when 
Kallenbach, a Gennan-Pofish Jew 
and successful Johannesburg 
architect, offered Gandhi 1,100 
acres of land. It . subsequently 
became the Tolstoy Farm, where 
Kallenbach introduced a craft 

Throughout Gandhi’s stay in 
South Africa, Kallenbach re- 
mained his staunchest supporter, 
and even suffered imprisonment 
through bis involvement with 
Gandhi's campaign against the 
early manifestations of apartheid. 
In 1914 Gandhi wrote to him to 
say “You still remain the dearest 
and nearest to me and so far as my 
own selfish nature is considered I 
know that in my lonely journey 
you will be the last (if even that) to 
say goodbye to me.” It was this 
deep friendship and abiding trust 
in Kallenbach that allowed Gan- 
dhi to speak his mind freely; to 
share his frustrati on and even 
discuss the most personal details 
of his private life, so making the 
Kallenbach collection a particu- 
larly exciting find 

These letters are also important 
because they shed considerable 
new light on what is a compar- 
atively obscure part of Gandhi's 
career his South African years. No 
scholar appears to have had access 
to theseletters. Indeed, a recently 
published monograph on Gand- 
hi's experience in South Africa 
cites only a single letter from 
Gandhi to Kallenbach which is 
deposited at Sarvodaya library at 
Phoenix, near Durban. 

The letters provide a vivid 
picture oflife and activities at foe 
Phoenix settlement and the Tol- 
stoy farm. It was there that 
Gandhi first experimented in 
crating self-sufficient commu- 
nities m which foe ininmwt or- 
dered their spartan life in 
accordance with foe twin prin- 
ciples of truth and ahimsa (non- 

The correspondence also pro- 
vides ample documentation for 
Gandhi’s straggle » pinia the 
government to reverse the iniq- 
uitous registration law which re- 
quired Indians to wear then- 
registration certificates — “the 
dog collar” — or suffer imprison- 
ment and deportation. It was 
during this struggle that Gandhi, 
after .failing to move Smuts — 
foen in charge of Indian affairs in 
foe Transvaal government — to 
reasoned argument, concluded 
that foe policy of petitioning was 
not only ineffective but also “a 


1^/rtV Pt/ tLcj, 
llty&t-Cs wX. OfYH- 


J*sha. OLA./ 

ntVJmlf CifirsJLA./ >H -t XL 

Gandhi in 1914, shortly before 
he left Sooth Africa for India. 
Above, one of Ids letters 
to Kafl e nhach, from foe fauna 
which brought them together 

mea sure of our weakness ... as 
that the only unfailing remedy is 
to be sought in unadulterated 
passive resistance- that is foe 
suffering of the people.” Thus was 
bom foe concept of satyaa-aha 
(soul force) campaigns which a 
decafe later Gandhi launched 
against foe British in India with 
snch d evas tating results. 

As always Gandhi’s discussions 
of politics, society or religion are 
intennesbed with his thoughts on 
diet, hygiene, sexual mores and, 
above all, reflecting his concern 
for fellow humans. The letters also 
afford a fascinating inright intn hi< 
ideas and outlook. As a stoic he 
had accepted death as “the su- 
preme and welcome crisis in life”. 
He had no faith in modem 
medicine — the Tolstoy farm was 
out ofbounds to doctors — and he 
believed that illness could be 
prevented through sensible earing 

Gandhi was also sceptical about 
modem technology. He dis- 
approved of Kaflenbach’s enthu- 
siasm for cars: “If only you 
saw . . . how poor people su f fere d 
from the infliction [of cars) I am 
sure your humanity would main- 
yon forswear motors forever. And 
if to these are added the monster 
of foe air, life ... fa bound to 
become unbearable.” 

Ab ove all Gandhi remained 
forever suspicious of foe lax 
morality in the West In 1888 he 
had vowed of eschew “wine. 

nwwww OWhUV SMd 

mother’s consent to go to Britain. 

So when Kallenbach wished to 
visit Europe, Gandhi, with bis 
characteristic sense of humour, 
drew up an “article of agreement” 
stipulating that Kallenbach should 
not spend “any more money 
beyond necessaries befitting a • 
ample farmer; not to contract any r 
marriage tie; not to look lustfully 
upon any woman; and travel third 
class by sea or land.” 

In 1906 Gandhi had taken a 
vow of celibacy because “you 
cannot attach yourself to a 
particular woman and yet live for 
humanity. The two do not 
harmonize.” Gandhi’s marriag e 
was not unhappy but, he com- 
plained to Kallenbach: “Mrs Gan- 
dhi has both the devil and the 
divine in her in most concentrated 
form . . . She has character and 
she has none. She is foe most 
venomous woman I have ever 
met She never forgets and never 
forgives.” But in tender moments 
Gandhi was more understanding. . 
“She is very romantic. You meet ■ 
with such characters in novels. 
Evidently she is living the heroine 
of her bat naveL” 

Although the correspondence in 
foe Kallenbach collation dale s 
from February 9, 1909, to Decem- 
ber 5, 1946, this fetters become 
fewer and scantier after 1 91 5 when 
Gandhi returned to India and was 
dra wn into the whirlpool of Indian 
politics. But the sparseness of 
letters does not dimmirfi the bond 
between foe two old friends. 

After extensively travelling in 
India, Gandhi wrote in March 
1916: “I fed like a stranger in the 
midst of so many whothink they 
know me. Everything I say pleases 
often, sometimes wounds, rarely 
convinces and still more rarely is 
conviction followed by action.” j 
There can be no better summati on 
of Gandhi’s relationship with his 
followers in India . 

The Kallenbach collection will 
without doubt be a n gnifiMni 
addition to the Gandhi archives. 

Lot us hope that now these papers 
have al last appeared, they will not 
be lost in the vaults of a private 
collector when foe hammer falls at 
Sotheby’s on December 18. 


The author is a lecturer in inter- 
national studies at the University 
of Warwick. 





iave presided 
by the Soviet 
dee capability, 
terms of the 
Soviet Union 
^bed, although 
denies this, 
foint Strategic 
t would en- 
rnly because h 
sr superpower 
a first-strike 
also be n^u- 
amphance by 
be publidy 

er side could 
•n at any time 
tnned mresifes 
simulated an 

m would con- 
lportant bene- 
lieve that the 
set forces are 

missiles have 
practice and 
ryed in flight, 
these reports 
dibility. The 
ive had near- 
Strategic De- 
Id be able to 
urgencies and, 
dangers of an 

ri ihe 
>abj e 
* in 






is trjp 

i in. 
11 in 

jci a 

'<• u 
»r. si 

1 at 

rar. u 

d outside the 

A- un 

>> ni S 
io >; 

say that Mos- 
mer into such 

lOoner or later, 


ivanccs, as the 


weed towards 


aeni — the US 
i, the Soviet 


ive economic 

ions ofa Joint 

: Agreement 

otdd become 


the .Americans 


ovide security 

•a >r!c 

Soviet Union 


represent tbe 

1 retain super- 

> rl! 

3 c* a 

egic Defence 


und questions 

world is to be 

— Ja 

nporumt con- 

atier powers, . 

J r'c- 

other nuclear » 

. ■ 

Jity would be 

nrv American 

e mi safes, to 

*nch, Chinese 

ear country's 

"" y. 

i na weuid 


pants id stfch 

ifonal status 

tpoisifde for 
r lo ?f it was 
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y- -jiXrs a 
it.v- "you 
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no i 


be cv’m* 
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•t and the 


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&s moa 
have ever 
and sever 
• *r.p£>f?!Ts 

'tiXi raw* 
tji aoveis, 
,\i: heroine 

1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01*481 4100 


For the last 

politicians in Whitehall; 
Washington, and Bonn who 
distrust the violent means of 
the African National rnn^ , 
have cherished a small hope 
that South Africa may yet find 
its own relatively peaceful 
path to a democratic future. 

This hope was kindled at 
Easter this year by an extraor- 
dinary meeting of Afrikaaner 
and English-speaking South 
Africans, Zulus, Indians, and 
Coloureds, businessmen and 
politicians in the province of 
Natal. Their purpose was to 
thrash out a single non-racial 
legislature which would join 
together what apartheid had 
apparently sundered forever — 
the black “homeland** of 
KwaZulu and white-ruled Na- 
tal from which it had been 

It was no surprise that the 
KwaNatai Indaba (the Zulu 
name for conference) was boy- 
cotted by the United Demo- 
cratic Front. The UDF 
espouses some of the aims of 
the ANC which in turn is 
actively hostile to any move- 
ment which could hinder its 
struggle for the central levers 
of power. Nor did anyone 
expect Pretoria to look with 
flavour on a constitutional 
exercise which, of its very 
nature, ignored the sacred 
Nationalist tenet that power 
could be shared only on a 
group basis, (and which also 
seemed designed to usurp its 
jealously guarded monopoly of 

Nevetheless the National 
Party in the province sent a 
team of largely well-disposed 


eight months, “observers**. Just how well 
disposed was graphically illus- 
trated later in the year when 
the Natal seat of Klipriver was 
successfully defended on a 
strongly reformist platform by 
the governing party against a 
for right onslaught 

Yesterday, the Indaba fi- 
nally reported, recommending 
a 100-seat assembly elected by 
universal adult suffrage. That 
would automatically ensure 
black domination of the leg- 
islature. To accommodate 
white fears about a possible 
erosion of their “cultural 
identity”, therefore, the In- 
daba has recommended a sec- 
ond chamber of SO members 
divided equally between the 
different ethnic groups — Afri- 
kaans, English, Black, Indian, 
and a voluntary group of 
South Africans who do not 
wish to be ethnically defined. 

These groups wifi have the 
power to block legislation 
affecting their particular cul- 
tural, language and religious 
rights. The main bulwark 
against any erosion of free- 
dom, however, will reside in a 
justiciable bill of rights. This 
received general anfifaxm from 
White South Africans who are 
beginning to accept that the 
group privileges bestowed by 
apartheid wttt have to be 
exchanged for the protection 
of the individual. 

President P.WJBotha lost no 
time in rejecting the report 
But Pretoria’s rejection is by 
no means the end of the road, 
as President Botha, who ini- 
tially rejected the Buthelezi 
Co mmiss ion’s report and then 
found himself accepting some 

of its recommendations, wifi 
discover in time. 

The Buthelezi Commission, 
appointed by South Africa’s 
principal moderate black lead- 
er, Chief Mangosuthu 
Buthelezi, chief minister of 
KwaZulu, was the first step on 
the road to the KwaNatai 
Indaba. A government trapped 
in a violent stalemate in the 
struggle with black radicals for 
control of the centre of South 
African power, and barren of 
ideas of how to resolve that 
struggle, may yet be forced to 
look to KwaNatai for an 
answer. Certainly the archi- 
tects of the KwaNatai option 
will continue to debate the 
issue with Pretoria even as 
they mobilize support through 
public meetings and referenda. 

There is little doubt that Mr 
Chris Heunis, Minister of 
Constitutional Development 
and Planning, still puts his 
faith in constitutional struc- 
tures imposed from above and 
thus denied legitimacy. There 
is equally little doubt that as 
the gronndswell of support for 
the KwaNatai option grows, a 
government faced with the 
sterility of its own ideas will be 
compelled to reconsider this 
first fruit of true negotiation 
between South Africa’s di- 
vided communities. 

Pretoria’s initial rejection, 
moreover, may be all to the 
good. Unquestioning govern- 
ment approval at this stage 
could have been the kiss of 
death for the idea among the 
country’s more radical blades. 
A delayed embrace might 
eventually obtain much wider 
acceptance of an idea whose 
time is coming fast 

Since the revelation that the 
dying King George V was 
given drugs by his doctor, 
- Lord Dawson of Penn, to 
shorten his life as well as to 
relieve his suffering, some 
supporters of voluntary 
euthanasia have grasped this 
incident as giving respectabil- 
ity to their cause. The case of a 
Yorkshire general practitioner 
who was acquitted of the 
attempted murder of a dying 
lung cancer patient to whom 
he had given a heavy dose of 
pain-killer, has also focussed 
: attention on an abiding moral 

By advocates of euthanasia, 
both incidents are taken as 
illuminating the contrast be- 
tween the moral burden which 
r is placed on doctors in alleviat- 
” ing the suffering of terminally 
ill patients and the denial by 
law of a suffering patient’s 
right to take his own life. Yet 
neither case was relevant to 
legalising voluntary euthana- 
sia nor justifies it morally. 

So for as George V was 
concerned, the king was in no 
physical condition to make 
such a decision with the clarity 
of mind which advocates of 
euthanasia normally represent 
as the way in which it should 
properly be taken. Indeed, 


Dawson’s notes record that 
“the last stage might endure 
for many hours unknown to 
the Patient” Nor could a 
patient who was conscious — 
but as weak and as near the 
end as the king — be in any 
condition to embark on the 
legal arrangments required for 
voluntary euthanasia, which is 
justified as a rational and 
careful process not be hurried. 

We come back in such cases 
to the doctor’s decision which 
must be taken with reference 
to his knowledge of all the 
circumstances. It is dependent 
on both personal rectitude and 
medical judgment Though 
one of the hardest decisions to 
take, it is eased by one simple 
feet For a good doctor even to 
contemplate action which has- 
tens death even by a few hours, 
there must be absolute medical 
confidence that it is inevitable 

Indeed, the harder tempta- 
tion to resist nowadays, as a 
result of advanced medical 
science, is to strive officiously 
to keep alive a patient for 
whom there is no hope but 
only suffering. Yet most oppo- 
nents of euthanasia would not 
wish doctors to defy nature in 
this way. Most would probably 

also agree that if a heavy dose 
of drugs which is inevitable to 
relieve acute suffering also has 
the coincidental effect of 
shortening life, it is right to 
spare the patient suffering. 

The case against legalising 
volunary eu thanasia has a 
different moral and rational 
basis. There is the risk that 
some chronically ill patients 
suffering much pain or disabil- 
ity might feel themselves nui- 
sances to their families, and 
fear that they had a duty to opt 
for euthanasia. Some might 
feel that they were being 
pressured in that direction. 
There is the risk that they 
would fed vulnerable and 
afraid. Whatever the legal 
safeguards, there would be 

Above all, however, the 
decisive criterion is the sanc- 
tity of life; the deep human 
instinct that it must not be 
extinguished at convenience. 
To see euthanasia as just 
another individual human 
right which is frustrated by the 
state is distorted vision, or 
woman is an island, and 
society has the right to set a 
standard of life’s value. We 
have already done much to 
diminish it and euthanasia 
would diminish it further. 


. . ... ■ JL9JI. 

to be taken whilst the child’s 
memory was still fresh, and 
might well induce a defendant 

The proposals in the C rimin a l 
Justice Bill, which would allow 

children to give evidence uugut - *** t** * 

through the medium of a video to plead guilty, thus saving 
in child abuse cases, come at a tone, expense 
time of great concern about the the child. It is additionally 
way people give evidence. The claimed that it would provide 

a i \TUmI 

asked? What if a point arises at 
trial which has not been 
covered in the video recording 
and so on? The difficulties are 

Nor is it immediately appar- 
ent how recorded evidence 

race, me ciaimea mat it wuwujwoww ent now recorded evidence 
n*rpnt Abu Nidal grenade a real chance to disprove a would allow for early detection 
which a child’s allegations early on. 0 f flaws in a child’s evidence. 

omuppline case, in wiuui * «****- - -— p : ^ ui uowa ui b vuuw a 

1 ibvan informer gave ev- But the procedure amounts, ifit is the interviewer who is to 

• irfence wearing a false beard m the eyes of some lavyos, to explore such weaknesses, there 

and thick glasses, raised some a denial of a defendants basic would have to be set Hmits to 

worry- right to test &By the « Us investigative powers, 

bf^estions as tohow for a against him. They ako fear These limits are not obvious. 

Zrt^pr^red to go in that it wifi To borrow from the Home 

protecting a witness at the cost of MdmtrodTOan Secretary ^ w gjj child 

of ignoring the best interests of 

substance in the^ anHenM. However, those accused of 
The essential danger us that molesting must not be 

it will turn the giving of ■ - ^ 

evidence into a mere perfor- 
mance, with all the attendant 

a defendant 

The present proposal is lim- 
ited to a live video Imk 
between the court and the 

Child, possibly accompanied 

convicted on evidence that 
cannot be fiurfy weighed. The 


child, possibly We, whh ah the attendant 

by his or her aw dangers of the Jwng ^ must ^£ 

««i.i A also appear to be emi rrvac hed m the part before- j nnocent defendant 



n ber-zrte 


lia xc- d w*5 

WOU1U . 


of showing pwjogjjjj 
idence from child witnesses to 

a jury 

Supporters of prerecorded 
interrogation, in their turn, 
regard live link videos as 
unsatisfactory because they 
have the the notion of a 

hand. Who wifi see that this 
does not happen? Wifi there be 
dummy runs? 

Precisely because the cmia 
will not be available at the 

trial it will m^ra^cdteims child being insen- 

jury* prove narticulaitv sitively grilled by barristers in 

Recorded evidence sup- fi& But as Mr Justice 

poses that a chdd will be taien when it is iemtervKwwan McNeiu ^ ^ 

• Sough bis or her evidenoem n ot .d« defend ant onstratfid ^ ^ Cardiff Crown 

rSeroombyanind^en- whoBenbUedtora^etom court, lawyers can and do go 

* lent interviewer s “ h a iv e efifeedve arbiter » great lengths to try and 

v doctororasocteiwori£W.J». £eco”f iStiJie dispel a child’s ttmtr of a 
defendant iliru n ial cannot be accept- formal trial- Why should 

. “ ,,,rv equally vigorous attempts not 

be made under a five link 

defendant *h e 

would be a bfe to ask 

child but would be ab e 



child but wouiu rhild Moreover it is >» uvw — - 

the interviewer to asktte ctom sdfict ^ arrangement? 

particular questions- ^ ^^ vjcwrs from which Whatever feara there may be 

whole interview would m rvr ^ _ rixmtliveliakvldBoev) deii C e I 

recorded and shown to oooy Wo £d the child’s par- at least it is an open attempt to 
jury. . p nls have a right to object balance the rights of the ac- 

it is areued, amongst other - ^ to the interviewer or to a ensed against the need to 

JJj? this approach question? Could a protect the imlnerable. Pre- 

Sri' hest protect the child upon , a - recorded evidence, on toe 

frofthf S aofa dSS parting question being other hand, weighs toe scales. 

hearing, would allow evid tf 


’ 17 



How to remove food mountains 

From AfrS. T. Bolter 
Sir, Taking land out of production 
is not the most practical way of 
reducing over-large agricultural 
surpluses. The cost of seeing that 
farmers throughout the EEC com- 
ply with such a directive would be 
enormous. Its effect would he 
limited by formers attempting to 
maintain their production by even 
more intensive use of chemicals. 

While the idea of parcels ofland 
reverting to nature tor many years 
is appealing, recently intensively 
cultivated land would grow little 
more attractive than nettles unless 
willingly managed by fonners. 

Stopping all improvement 
grants for the conversion ofland 
to arable use; encouraging the 
planting of hedges and mixed 
woodland; requiring an adequate 
width left unsown where there are 
footpaths; and reducing the 
exemptions from planning con- 
trols enjoyed by fanners would 
make a small contribution to the 
reduction of surpluses but would 
be most worth while because of 
the very large contribution it 
would make to people’s enjoy- 
ment of the countryside. 

A tax on fertiliser, selected 
pesticides and other agricultural 
fthfrirriral^ to nralrft the point at 
which extra income from in- 
creased yield foils to meet the cost 
of extra chemicals occur at a lower 
level, would be the most appro- 
priate way of achieving tbe further 
reduction needed. Overall produc- 
tion would be reduced and chemi- 
cal pollution would be reduced. 

The product of the tax would be 
used to offset some of the costs of 
the common agricultural policy to 
finan oft more monitoring and 
research into the effect on health 
and the environment of nitrates 
and p es ticides, and to finance 
plant for tbe removal of agri- 
cultural chemicals from the water 

However, we must not over- 
react and cut production too for, 
for a system which encourages a 
small agricultural surplus almost 
every year is a small price to piay 
for avoiding the serious shortages 
and inflated prices that would 
otherwise arise in years when 
disease or extensive bad weather 
causes a sudden foil in yield. 

Yours faithfully, 


Wickham House, 

Gestingthorpe, Halstead, Essex. 

From Mr A. M. Mackintosh 
Sir, As a former I would have liked 
your excellent articles on Europe’s 
farming muddle (November 24- 
28) to have stressed that Britain is 
still a large importer of food, and 
all these mountains are not of our 

making . 

For instance, in dairy products ■ 
Britain’s production was wefi 
below the level of home demand 
when quotas were &st introduced. 
Now British dairy formers are 
facing the threat of a further 
reduction in their quotas, wtrik we 
have to import about 30 per cent 
of the batter and cheese that we 

Our beef prodnetion, too, is well 
below the level of sctf-suffioeacy. 
Only rrith wheat are we guilty of 
adding to the surpluses; but not 
half as guilty as the French. Our 
prodnetion is about 103 per cent 
of self-sufficiency, while the figure 
for France is 206 per cent. 

The idea of reducing farmland 
by 20 per cent only makes sense in 
Britain if we are prepared to pay a 
disproportionate penalty to solve 

Europe’s problems, and to rely 
even more on imports. It is not 
long since we were being urged to 
produce more to save imports. 

What we need now from Mix 
Thatcher when she chairs the EEC 
gupimit next month is some 
healthy chauvinism. Whatever 
scheme rises from the ruins of the 
CAP, it must never again depend 
on the various form ministers 

Yours faithfully, 


St Algal’s Farm, West Woodlands, 
Frame, Somerset 
November 26. 

From Mr Frank Paton 
Sir, In your soul-searching series, 
“Moving mountains”, your 
correspondents take issue with the 
technological revolution in Euro- 
pean agriculture and infer fb«t the 
old order of a Europe of peasant 
formers living in constant danger 
of famine (and war) is preferable 
to the present situation where tbe 
production of essential foodstuffs 
is 5 percent to lOper cent ahead of 

This cannot be right; agri- 
culture, stimulated by toe in- 
centives of the common 
agricultural policy, has done much 
to raise tire living standards of all 
European Community citizens 
and can in the future do much 
more to ensure the quality of life 
of our society. 

Dr Mansboit, in toe first of your 
series (November 24), has called 
for a compulsory fallowing of 20 
per cent of the land area of two 
million working forms. Fallowing 
always used to be a vital facet in all 
agriculture rotations and could 
become so again. 

There is, however, another way 
to take land out of food produc- 
tion: tire production of ethanol 
from cereals many advan- 
tages. It is free from radiation and 
pollution risks, it is a permanent 
source of energy and, if used in 
petrol, is lead-free. Already pilot 
plants are producing ethanol 
which is mixed with fossil fuel at 
the pump at tire rate of 7 per cent 
to 1 0 per cent If sufficient ethanol 
were produced to Mend all 
Europe’s petrol at a 7 per cent 
inclusion rate, approximately 35 
million tonnes of grain would be 
needed, taming the present sur- 
plus into a deficit of 12 million 


The technological revolution 
that has chang ed farmin g over the 
last forty years is not going to be 
halted by over-production. The 
production of g ree n oil as a new 
and environmentally harmless 
source of limitless homo-produced 
energy is a prize that Europe 
should seize. 

Yours faithfully, 


Smocombe House, Enmore, 
Bridgwater, Somerset 
From Mr P. Lawson 
Sr, Mrs Thatcher’s proposal of 
paying formers to leave fields 
Mow is not as wasteful as might 
appear if rare takes into account 
the value to our wildlife heritage 
of such a policy. 

Even better would be to use the 
land to grow trees (preferably 
broad-leaved), which would not 
mily be beneficial to wildlife but. 
would also provide a material 
which will be in internationally 
short supply next century. 

Yours faithfully, 


27 Swain Road, _ 

Thornton Heath,Ooydon, Surrey. 

Laboratory accidents 

From Dr John Drewe 
Sir, A lack of graduate science 
teachers has led to a policy 
whereby those with some appro- 
priate experience are being en- 
couraged to train as science 
teachers. One of the objectives of 
the GCSE is greatly to increase a 
pupil's experimental work, which 
is then assessed in order to 
determine the final GCSE grade. 

An increase in experiments 
under tbe supervision of staff who 
do not have toe knowledge to 
recognise exactly what may be 
hazardous win lead to more 
accidents involving personal in- 
jury and more prosecutions for 
failing to adopt adequate safety 

School laboratories are already 

dangerous places: a number of 
routine experiments are poten- 
tially lethal and, despite repeated 
revisions of the laboratory man- 
uals, there are still experiments 
which can go wrong because the 

describe all the problems 
might occur. 

Recent problems include the 
preparation of nitrogen tri- 
chloride, an unstable high explo- 
sive, during a chlorination pro- 
cedure; and even a routine 
hydrogen preparation can produce 
an explosion because of the col- 
lapse of a weakened flask, despite 
all the recommended precautions 
hfrmg taken. 

Yours faithfully, 


148 WilKfidd Way, NW1I. 

Unesco consultancy 

From Mr Arthur Govshon 
Sir, Ms Rosemary Righter’s 
November 4 article alleged that I 
have been “directly in Unesco’s 
pay” since June, 1985, in order to 
promote “a generally favourable 
account 1 ' of Director-General 
M’Bow’s stewardship. The accusa- 
tion is inaccurate. 

My two consultancy contracts 
extended from mid-June to mid- 
December, 198S; they have not 
been renewed, as Ms Righter 
claims. My contract was to advise 
on how best to improve tbe 
performance of Unesco’s Office of 
Public Information. I have never 
written about M’Bow personally 
or about his stewardship. Nor 
have Z been, or am now, his “best 
friend at $3,000 a month”, as your 
headline asserted. 

My newspaper articles about 
Unesco were written on a free- 
lance basis before and after, as well 
as during, my consultancy period. 
They related mainly to the con- 
cepts underlying Unesco, its activ- 
ities and the politics and 
diplomacy surrounding the US 
and UK decisions to leave the 

They were neither requested by, 
nor shown to, Unesco before 
publication. They were based on 
verifiable facts. Ms Righter 
claims, for instance, that the 
evidence I offered for tbe way 
Americans sought to influence 
Britain's withdrawal decision was 
“weak". On the contrary, tb&t 
evidence was based on verbal and 
documentary US State Depart- 
ment (and other) information. 

I would never have survived 40 
years in international journalism 
if I had ever played tire role of a 
lobbyist Yet Ms Righter charges 
that I “canvassed” toe support of 
Edward Heath, Sir Anthony 
Kershaw mid Bowen Wells, 
among other MPs, for Britain’s 
return to Unesco. I have not 
spoken to Mr Heath since he was 
Prime Minister, nor have I met 
with Sir Anthony Kershaw or Mr 
Bowen Wells outside the Foreign 
Affairs Committee, to which 1 
once gave evidence cm a matter 
unrelated to Unesco. 

My interest in Unesco did not 
start and end with my consuftan- 
cies. Legitimate expenses incurred 
after the consultancy period have 
been reimbursed. My work with 
Unesco was made knows to 
colleagues on The Guardian in a 
general way. I did not, though, 
formally advise the Editor, Peter 
Preston, of the consultancies; it 
seemed to me at toe time the 
provision of expertise on practical 
matters relating to toe Office of 
Public Information was separate 
from hard news coverage. 1 have 
acknowledged to MrFrcston that I 
was mistaken on this. 

My opposition to British with- 
drawal from Unesco and my 
general support for tbe Untied 
Nations system have always bran 
open. Indeed that support is a 
matter of record going back to 
1962, when I wrote The Last Days 
of Dag HammarskjOld. It is un- 
likely to change. 

Yours faithfully, 


19 Stormont Road, N6. 

December I. 

An extra burden 
for mothers 

From the Director of the SpasJks 

Sir, A woman's health before 
conception and during pregnancy 
can seriously affect her success in 
child-bearing. The Spastics Soci- 
ety has long recognised that one of 
the problems, in terms of handi- 
cap prevention, is toe question of 
material poverty in pregnancy 
and, more especially, nutritional 
poverty. Cerebral palsy is a con- 
dition which can occur in any 
family, regardless of sex, race, 
maternal age or social back- 
ground. prevention is 

therefore of direct concern to us 

Under the new entitlement rales 
the statutory maternity pay (re- 
port, November 25, later editions) 
win benefit between 5,000 and 

10.000 women, who will qualify 
for toe first time. In contrast 

75.000 to 85,000 women wfll no 
longer benefit 

This is a further example of toe 
systematic erosion in financial 
maternity provision which has 
been taking place over the past few 
years. In 1980 a 5 per cent cut in 
maternity allowance was imposed 
in lieu of taxation; in 1982 
earnings-rdated supplements to 
the allowance were abolished; in 
1984 child dependency additions 
to the allowance had gradually 
been reduced and were abolished 
in November. 

The 1986 Social Security Act 
spelt out yet further cuts in 
provision. The £25 maternity 
grant will be abolished from April, 
1987, and replaced by a means- 
tested grant worth £75. In addi- 
tion, toe present supplementary 
benefit single payments for babies* 
essential needs will be abolished. 

In 1983 about 170,000 people 
claimed these angle payments at 
an average payment of £60. This, 
added to the £25 grant, gave an 
average of £85. This is £10 higher 
in 1983 than the £75 proposed for 

Finally, free milk and vitamins 
will be abolished for all except 
those mothers receiving supple- 
mentary benefit 

We cann ot stress too strongly 
the importance of adequate finan- 
cial provision for mothers during 
pregnancy. The reductions in 
benefits for pregnant women and 
new mothers witnessed over the 
past six years cannot, and must 
not, be allowed to continue. 

Yours sincerely, 

JOHN COX, Director, 

The Spastics Society, 

12 Park Descent, Wl. 

November 27. 

Changing skyline 

From Mrs Jessica Knight 
. Sir, I live in an area of London in 
which the houses are mostly 
Edwardian. I have become at- 
tached to the different houses of 
that period, with their leaded 
lights, gables and barge-boarding. 
On a clear evening I like to look up 
and see the chimneys and the 
decorative ridge tiles silhouetted 
against the darkening sky. 

Am I the only one who curses to 
myself when I see another old roof 
being replaced? I look into toe 
skips beade the houses and there, 
suns enough, are toe old day 
decorative ridge tiles, all smashed 
up. And the new roofi? Monty 
hideous concrete tiles anda dreary 
uniformity of plain ridge tiles — 
nothing to excite the eye on a 
beau tmd evening! 

Many of these old roofs axe 
bring replaced with the help of 
local council grants. Could coun- 
cils not require those receiving 
grants to retain something of toe 
character of toe old skyline? 

Yours faithfully, 


19 Gracedale Rood, 

Furzcdown, SW16. 

November 19. 

Police cadets 9 role 

From Mr Robert Keys 
Sir, Gan I add a footnote to the 
recent excellent articles on toe 
police (November 10 to 14)? 

As part of their training all 
police cadets pass two-month 
periods of “community work” 
attached to youth dubs, hostels for 
toe mentally handicapped, hos- 
pitals etc. 

The voluntary services at Char- 
ing Doss Hospital regularly, use 
cadets to care for patients: helping 
to feed the infirm; visiting isolated 
old people in tire community, 
relieving carers of the disabled at 
home; helping with hospital out- 
ings ynd entertainments, and 
much els*. 

We believe, as do the police 
training schools, that this helps to 
develop toe caring, compassionate 
role of future policemen end 
women, as well as being of great 
benefit to toe hospital, and very 
much hope that it will continue. 
Yours sincerely, 

ROBERT KEYS (Co-ordinator, 
Voluntary Services), 

Charing Doss Hospital (FulhamX 
Fulham Palace Road, W6. 
November 18. 

Fellows in question 

From Mr Stephen Shell 
Sr, The Royal Society and the 
British Academy, as this country’s 
top gatherings of proven research- 
ers, rightly expect from govern- 
ment a hearing as respectful as 
that given to tike universities 
where their Fellows work. 

Yet how for is government (let 
alone the responsible voter) told 
the detailed criteria (as distinct 
from procedure) for fellowship 
elections, especially when inter- 
disciplinary studies may be vitally 
important but (almost by defi- 
nition) academically suspect? 
Yours faithfully, 


78 Sunniagfields Road, NW4. 
November 22. 


DECEMBER 2 1919 

Nancy Viscountess Astor (1B79- 
1964) aasMP for the Stilton 
Division of Plymouth from 1919 to 
1945. The first woman elected to 
Parliament wos actually Countess 
Marbiewia (nee Constance Gore- 
Booth) who, os a Sinn Fdner, won 
a Dublin division m 1918, but 
she never took her seat 



(By Our Parliamentary 

The House of Commons is 
intensely ^ 1<rtTHm i and the coming 
of the first woman member excited 
more widespread interest than aqy 
single event since the present 
Parliament assembled. It was the 
ladies* day. and it will long be 
remembered for the clean sweep 
which was made of many of the 
traditions of the most conservative 
institution in tbe world. It was 

not hin g ] pqg than the 

of a fortress which had been 
exclusively masculine for over 600 

Tire oldest Parliamentary hand 
could not recall an occasion on 
which so many women had sought 
orders of admission to *h« public 
gpHeriaa. The Central Hall was 
crowded with women, all eager to 
see Lady Astor take her seat, and, if 
that was denied them, at any rate 
to greet her as sbe passed into tbe 
House. They ware disappointed, 
for Lady Astor entered by the 
members’ entrance, and walked 
through the Lobby practically 
unnoticed.. . 

When the moment for Lady 
Aster’s introduction came, the 
Home had an nafiuniKar appear- 
ance. There seemed to be many 
more woman than men in the 
Strangers’ Gallery — another sign 
of the times, for it was reserved for 
men until a few months ago. At the 
other of tlw Chamber the 
Ladies' Gallery, with the hated 
grille removed for ever, was crowd- 
ed with a company which included 
many of Lady Astoria personal 
friends- One of her children was 
there with Mrs. Spender-Clay, and 
Mrs. Lloyd George was one of the 
spectators of the Prime Minwteris 
obvious aelf-consciousnesa. Lord 
Astor smiled encouragement to his 
wife from the Distinguished 
Strangers’ Gallery, where also the 
American Ambassador and the 
High Commisaioner of Canada 
were seated- The Peers’ Gallery 
was quite folL These two galleries 
were the octy parts of the House in 
which the masculine element re- 
mained supreme, for two women 
journalists, greatly daring, sought 
and secured admission to the Press 
Gallery for the first time in its 
history. The invasion was unex- 
pected, but the Serjeanteot-Arma 
held that, as the House and the 
public galleries were now open to 
women, he could not prevent duty 
accredited women representatives 
of newspapers having the entrSe 
from enjoying a similar 
privilege. . . 

(By a Student of Politics.) 


When the first woman member 
of Parliament took her seat to-day 
there was a great exowd on toe floor, 
and in the gaQeries to see Lady 
Astor walk up the floor of the 
House. On her right was Mr. 
Balfour, the Prime Minister was on 
her left- The rule is to bow to the 
Speaker at the bar, again half-way 
up the floor, and a third time at the 
table. Mr. Lloyd George nearly 
forgot toe bow at tbe bar, and of 
the three lady Astra Beamed the 
most sdf-posae8sed. The Prime 
Minister and Mr. Balfour had all 
the ingenuous shyness of boys at 
their first dance — mgenui oultus 
pueri ingenuique pudoris — which 

It looked fora moment as though 
Lady Astor was going to begin her 
Parfiamentaxy career on the Min- 
isterial front bench, and Mr. Jack 
Jones was heard to call out, "Take 
your hat off, Austen." (Mr. Cham- 
beriain and Sir Frederick Banbury 
still keep up the old habit of 1 
wearing their hats in the Com- 
mons), fait she found a corner seat 
below the gangway to the Speaker’s 
left, jrat behind 'Mr. Bottomley. It 
is not beneath the dignity of) 
history to record that she wore a 
blue tailor-made costume with a 
white collar and a velvet toque. 
One speaker later spoke of the 
sweetening influence of her pres- 
ence, but an unsentimental observ- 
er detected difference except an 
improvement in toe appearance of] 
a House which, being rich, is 
alleged to be shabby and not too 
good looking. And to say that the 
difference was no more than that is 
to say that the first appearance of a 
women on the floor of the House 

was a success and just what it 
should be, neither more nor less. In 
reality the appearance of two 
women reporters in the Prase 
Gallery was far more s en sa tiona l, 
for toe Gallery is much more 
conservative than toe floor. It has 
only just, and very jealously, 
admitted type-writing machines, 
into its precincts. 

Where the troth lies 

From Mr Philip ft Noakes 
Sir, “Being economical with the 
truth" is nothing new in Whitehall 
circles. 1 was present when a well 
known Cabinet minister, in the 
course of a private Press briefing, 
said something which we all knew 
to be untrue. 

"The Timor , your corres- 
pondent remarked to me after- 
wards, “does not mind being told 
a lie. What we do object to isbeing 
told one in confidence". 

Yours truly, 


Little St Mary’s, 

St Mary’s Lane, 


Lyme Regis, Dorset, 

November 27. 







.. December I: The Duke of 

- Edinburgh. President, this eve- 
ning presented the 1986 Albert 
Medal .and the 1986 Benjamin 

- -- Franklin Medal and attended a 
' . Council Dinner at the Royal 

Society of Arts, John Adam 
" Street, Wd 

His Royal Highness was re- 

- ceived by the Chairman (Sir 
“I. ' Peter Baldwin}. 

Captain lan Gardiner, RM, 

•• - was in attendance. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips. President of the Royal 
Agricultural Society of England, 
this evening attended the Coo- 
■ ■ per Dinner at Claridge’s. 

.V Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by Mr Richard Cooper (a 
- Council Member of the Society). 

Miss Victoria Lc&e-Bourfce 
v was in attendance. 

1 ' The Queen was represented 
by the Eari of Airlie (Lord 

- Chamberlain) at the Memorial 
Service for Prince Georg of 
Denmark which was held in 
Westminster Abbey this after- 

--- noon. 

The Duke of Edinburgh was 
ited by General Sir Peter 

Richard Ayfctrd, RN, travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 

Hie Prince of Wales was 
represe n ted by Sir John Riddell, 
Bt at the Memorial Service for 
Prince Georg of Denmark which 
was held in Westminster Abbey 
this afternoon. 

December 1: The Princess Mar- ; 
gareu Countess of Snowdon was 
represented by The Hon Mrs 
Wills at the Memorial Service i 
for Prince Geora of Denmark 
which was held in Westminster 1 
Abbey this afternoon. 

December 1: Princess Alice, 
Duchess of Gloucester and The i 
Duke and Duchess of Glouces- 
ter were present at the Memorial 
Service for Prince Georg of I 
Denmark which was held in 
Westminster Abbey this after- 

The Duke of Gloucester was 
present today at a Luncheon 
given by The Institute ofPl limb- 
ing and The Worshipful Com- 
pany of Plumbers to mark 100 
years of Plumbers’ Registration 
at the House of Commons, 
London, SW1. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 

Church news 

Canon Donald Gray, Rector of 
Liverpool, to be Canon of 
Westminster, in succession to 
Canon Trevor Beeson, who has 
been appointed to the deanery 

of Winchester. 

Canon Alexander Wed- 
derspoon, Vicc-Dean of Win- 
chester, to be Dean of 
Guddford, in succession to the 
Very Rev A.C. Bridge, who 
resigned on October 31. 

The Rev r Adair. View, fian 
Catherine, dlocsae or W, 

Vicar. — “ 


i The Rev A aoanfsmore. Team vmr 
in me Hawlia Tea m. flX oce w M| 
“ 1 IpswIcIlI 

Sale room 

£1 .2m for comtesse’s hoard 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

5,000-6,000 francs sold for 666,000 francs or 
£6837. The sale totalled £139,430 with 
every lot finding a buyer. 

The most oatiandish price in the Monaco 
sale of furnishings from mixed properties was 
1,332,000 francs (estimate 100,000-120,000 
francs) or £136^15 for a pair of ivory 
GBBdkstkfcs carved hi the form of sphinxes. 
They ware English and dated from around 
1030. This sale totalled £L5 trillion with 10 
per cent left unsold. 

In London yesterday Sotheby's set a new 
auction price record for a Dfirer print when 
they sold a brilliant early impression of the 
1504 e ngraving of Adam and Eve for £242,000 
(estimate to David 

Tmdcfc, the New York dealer. 

Christie's came up with an anction price 
record for a porcelain dinner service. The 
Meissen armored service was made for King 
Christian VI of Denmark in around 1730 and 
sold for a total of £303,600, though it was 
divided mto 13 lots. 

It was sold from the royal coBection in 1797 
and had remained in the an* famil y ever 
since. However, seven tie™? had been disposed 
of elsewhere over the years. 

Bidders went wild for the treasures of the 
Comtesse Mona Bismarck at Sotheby’s sale m 
Monaco on Sunday. A famous beauty and a 
□uUionairess who was the Duchess of 
Windsor's chief rival as Ike American hostess 
of Paris, she collected with taste and passion. 

The prices for her English furniture took 
Sotheby’s wholly by surprise. Two gfltwood 
sidetahles of around 1780 supported by 
gOtwood eagles with swags of foliage in their 
months were bid to I^2§ 9 ®®§ French francs 
(estimate 80,000-12ftJWO francs) or £135384. 
A pair of early eighteenth century gOtwood 
tables in the manner of WOHaai Kent secured 
the same price against an estimate of 150,000- 
20030 francs. 

A pair of Queen Anne carved wood wall 
lamps fa the form of lanterns had not even been 
accorded a colour plate in the catalogue but 
were hid to 688,200 francs (estimate 50,000 - 
60,000 francs) or £7034. Then there was a 
pair of mirrors of around 1740 with carved and 
gilded frames which made 5323® francs 
| (ekimate 20,000^30,000 francs) or £54,646. 
Her French funri tme looked positively 


Leader in independent education 

s Appointments 

Lady ’ Abel Smith has suc- 
ceeded the Hon Mary Morrison 
as Lady in Waiting to The 
7 Queen. 

December 1: Queen Elizabeth 
The Queen Mother was present 
". ai the Memorial Service for 
Prince Georg ofDenmark which 
' was held in Westminster Abbey 
tins afternoon. 

Mrs Patrick Campbell-Pres- 
. ton was in attendance. 

• Her Majesty was present this 
■* evening at a Reception given by 
the Aldebuigh Foundation at St 
—James’s Palace. 

Mrs Patrick CampbeO-Pres- 

- too and Sir Martin GiUiat were 

- in attendance. 

December I: The Prince of 
Wales this morning opened the 
new Sports Hall at Mountbatten 
. School, Ronreey, Hampshire. 
Afterwards, His Royal High- 
ness opened the new Ocean 
Sound Studios at Segensworth 
West, Fareham, Hampshire. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
Anderson was in attendance. 

The Prince of Wales, Patron, 
British Film Institute, accompa- 
nied by The Princess of Wales, 
this evening attended the pre- 
-miere of Labyrinth, in aid of the 
7 Museum of the Moving Image, 
at the Odeon Theatre, Leicester 

Mrs George West and Mr 
Humphrey Mews were in 

The Princess of Wales this 
afternoon attended a Carol Ser- 
vice, with the Archbishop of 
Canterbury and local school- 
children. in Canterbury Catb- 

Her Royal Highness, attended 
by Miss Anne Beckwith-Smith 
and Lieutenant Commander 

December 1: The Duke of Kent, 
Patron of the Tree Council, this 
afternoon planted a tree at 
Runnymede, Surrey during Na- 
tional Tree Week. 

Captain Michael Campbell 
Lamenon was in attendance. 

The Duke and Duchess of I 
Kent were represented try 
Lieutenant Co mmander Sir 
Richard Buckley at the Me- 
morial Service for Prince Georg 
of Denmark which was held in 
Westminster Abbey this after- 

December I: Princess Alexan- 
dra was represented by the Hon 
Angus Ogilvy at the Memorial 
Service for Prince Georg of i 
Denmark which was held in 
Westminster Abbey this after- 

Princess Anne, Patron of the 
College of Occupational Thera- 
pists, will attend a reception at 
the RAF Club on December 4. 

The Duchess of York is to be I 
President of the Anastasia Trust 
for the Deaf and Royal Patron of | 
the Tate Gallery Foundation. 

A memorial service for Aubrey 
Myerson. QC will be held in 
Lincoln’s Inn Chapel on Tues- 
day, January 20, 1987, at 5 pm. 

A memorial service for Hector 
Bruce Binney will be held on 
Friday, December 5, at 3.30 pm, 
at St James's Church, Piccadilly, 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
lives of Miss Elizabeth (Betsy) 
Profumo and Major Philip 
Profumo will be held in the 
Grosvenor Chapel, South 
Audley Street, London, Wl, at 
1 1.30 am, on Wednesday, 
December 10. 


Vicar. Yarn ion. Besbroke 
in iDtoi>-on-Cherwen. 

°Tlie Rev P 

ettaree. Si David*. 

Rtpon. to be view. 

Somerton wm Cannon 

Cuarlton Adam. Charlton 

and Kingston, dlooeae of BjUh and 
wens, to oe Priest -nvdiarge. Cheddar, 
same dweesr. 

tjio r#v R C Davies. Team Vicar In 
the Halesworm Team, dlooeae Of fa 
EdmumBbury and uswtcti. to be 
Prlest-in-charge. claydon 
Barbara, same diocese. 

The Rev S A Fallows, Diocesan 
Chaplain (NSMX diocrae of Moray. 
Ross and Caithness, to be Cur 
Brighton St George with St Anne 
St Mark- diocese of ChidMstar. 

The Rev K Farab. diocese of 
Jerusalem, to be Assistant Prtest. 

>. diocese of Leicester tone year 

The Rev S p Fletcher, vicar. 

Rytiope. diocese of Durham to I 

Rural Dean of HarftepooL 

The Rev PAS Fordham. Curate. 
Shrub End. diocese Of Che&nslord. to 
be Team Vicar In Die Team Ministry 
of Brighton St Peter and St Nicholas 
with The Chapel Royal, diocese of 

The Rev j B Gould, vicar. Hoty 

T £*& S ' UOC * S * 0,1 

Betdmorth. si MichaeL 

Green. Christ Church, and Buddand. 
St Mary the virgin, same diocese. 

The Rev G Harris. Vicar. Shotton. 
diocese of Durham, to be vicar. 
MariCs. Fabtlebi, Stockton-on-Tees. 

The Rev k A Hawkes. Vicar In the 
Quktenham Team Ministry. dlOCeae of 
Norwich. to be also Rural Dean of I 
Thetford and Rockland, same diocese. : 

The Rev R B M Hayes. Vicar. 
PortWeven with Stthney. diocese of 
Truro, to be also Rural Dean of 
Keriier. same diocese. 

Canon C J A HidcBiM. Lecturer at 

_ Theotoglcnl CMMge. to be 

Vicar. Artemy. diocese of Sheffield. 

The Rev J □ Kelly. Vitar. Camenon 
and Seaton, diocese of Carlisle, to be 
ai9o PrlesUn-charge. We 
same diocese. 

The Rev B Q Kyriacou. Team Vicar. 
S Oedds. Daoenltam. diocese of 
Chelmslord. to be Vicar. St James and 
St Christopher. SMragreen. mooese of 

Llftm. curate. 

S Hidsh. West 

Sister Jean Sinclair 

Latest appointments include: 
Mr Jonathan Crabtree to be a 
Circuit Judge on the North 
Eastern Circuit 
Sister Jean Sinclair, Head- 
mistress of St Leonards-May- 
fieki, Sussex, to be President of 
the Girls’ School Association. 
Mr Ken Baker to be Chairman 
of the National Advisory Coun- 
cil on Employment of Disabled 

The Rev NR 

faJssrtborough wftb S 

Alvlngtoo and Churchstaw. diocese of 
Exeter. To be Vicar. TlcKnsn. Smithy 
and Stantatvte -Brtdae. dkoceae of 

The Rev Or w A B McCabe. 
Assistant Curate. 8 t CusitberL Connor, 
diocese of purtsmoum. to be Assistant 
Curate. St May and St Peter. HayUna 
(Hand. * ~ 

Sain Is. 

lo be 

naoe diocese. 

_The Rev r Middleton. Assistant 
Curate. waitnn St Mary, diocese of 
Liverpool, to be Priest-Uvriusrae. Kew 
‘ the parish of All Souls. 

T j l&Sony. Priest^n- 
Weston Turvme. <Boceae of 
to be also Priest-ln-charge. 
same dlooeae. 

Knight of the 

The Queen has appointed Cap- 
tain Iain Tennant, who is Lord 
Lieutenant of Morayshire, as a 
Knight of the Thistle. The 
appointment fills the vacancy 
left by the death of the Earl of 

vicar. aii 

dlooeae of Durham. 
CulhberL Hebburn, 



Mr Evelyn de Rothschild, owner 
of Henry Sotheran. the I wi^ nw 
book and print dealing firm, has 
purchased Weinreb Architec- 
tural Books and Weinreb 
Architectural Gallery. 


Mr ILA. Brathin 
and Miss PJ. Mottram 
The is announced 

betwren fioMAntbony, second 
son ofMr and Mrs Eric Beuthm, 
of Birdhaven, Johannesburg, 
and Paula Jane, only daughter of 
Mr and Mis Eric Mottram, of 
Sevenoaks, Kent. 

Mr R. Boggis-RoHe 
and Miss IhE. Jenltins 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, son of Mr and 
Mrs Paul Boggis-Rolfe, and 
Lucy Elisabeth, younger daugh- 
ter of Lieutenan t-Colonel and 
Mrs Stephen Jenkins, of 
Hampnett Manor, Northlredbu 

Mr S.PA Denehy 
and Miss AJV. Fordham 
The enragemeut is announced 
between Simon Patrick Brace, 
elder son of Mr and Mis TP. 
Denehy, of Woodfaead, Seale, 
Surrey, and Arabella Napier, 
younger daughter of Mr CJ.K. 
Fordham, of Odsey Park, 
Asbwefl, Hertfoidsfairc, and Mrs 
P. Fordham, of 6 Shawfield 
Street London SW3. 

Mr TA. Effts 
and Miss JA. HalUweil 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Terence Anthony, son 
of Mr and Mrs Ronald Ewen, of 
London, and Judith Aim, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Alec 
Hafinven, of Henley-in-Ardcn. 
Mr D. Grinstead 
and Miss A. Esposito 
The engagement is announced 
between David, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs H.W. Grinstead, of 
Chobham. Surrey, and Acelsa, 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs F. 
Esposito, of Toronto, Ontario, 

Mr DP. Lane 
and MissCA. WiHs 
The engagement is announced 
between David, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs P.C Lane, of 
Addisoombe, Surrey, and Car- 
ole, daughter of Mr and Mrs A. 

■ Wills, of ICentey, Storey. 

Mr RX. Hutton 
and Miss JJE. Carles 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert Cameron 
Hutton, The Queen's Royal 
Irish Hussars, elder sou of Mr 
and Mrs D.C. Hutton, of 
Beaulieu, Hampshire, and Jane 
Elizabeth, elder daughter of the 
late Mr W.R. Carles; of Timau, 
Kenya, and Mrs JA. Caries, of 

Lieutenant Commander RJL 
LaJtin, RN 

and Mrs PALE. Phillips 
Hie engagement is announced 
between Barkh'e Lakin, husband 
of the late Pamela t airin, and 
Pansy Phillips, wife of the late 
Commander Jo Phillips, RN. 
Tbe marriage will lake place at 
the end of ApriL 

Mr N. StJ. Lawson 
and Miss SJL Britton 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, son of Com- 
mander and Mrs G.V. Lawson, 
of Tunbridge WeDs, Kent, and 
Sian, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
LJ. Britton, of Aldwick, West 

MtTjS. Maynard 
and Miss AJL Holmes 
The engagemcnl is announced 
between Tim, eldest son of the 
late Mr K.G. Maynard and of 
Mrs V.M. Maynard, of Maid- 
stone, Kent, and Alex, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs AJ.A. 
Holmes, of Manor Bara, 
Aldsworth, Gloucestershire. 

Dr W.G. Nott-Bower 
and Miss JA. Skeltoa 
Tbe en g agement is announced 
between George, son of Mr and 
Mrs J.H. Nott-Bower, of Batter- 
sea. London, and Jennie, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Wp. 
Skelton, of Angmering, West 


British Council 

Sir John Burgh, Director-Gen- 
eral of the British Council, was 
host at a luncheon held yes- 
terday at 10 Spring Gardens m 
honour of Dr Ray Rickett. 
Chairman, and members of the 
Committee of Directors of Poly- 

Coal Indnstry Society 
Mr Stanley Orme, MP, was the 
principal speaker at a luncheon 
given by the Coal industry 
Society at the Part Lane Hotel 
last night Mr Stpehen Brewis, 
chairman, presided and Mr 
A.W. Ramsay also spoke. 

Property Intelligence limited 
Mr Johathan Stone, Chairman 
of Property Intelligence Limited 
and Mr Michael Nicholson, 
m a na ging director, held a lun- 
cheon yesterday at tbe Savoy 
Hold to celebrate the signature 
of Tbe Guardian Royal Ex- 
change Assurance as the fiftieth 
subscriber to FOCUS, the 
commercial property database. 
The presentation of a FOCUS 
linked computer system was 
made to the College of Estate 
Management of Reading Univ- 
ersity, and received by the 
principal, Mr P.W. Huntsman. 
Among those present were: 

and J MJ f WHi_EyaB» (Friends Prov- 

The Hon F. F. Fisher, CBE, 
MC, formerly warden of St 
Edward's School Oxford. 
Master of Wellington College, 
and chairman of the 
Headmasters* Conference, 
died on November 27 at the 
age of 67. He was, perhaps;, the 
most influential figure in the 
independent sector of educa- 
tion during the 1960s and 

Frauds (Frank) Forman 
Fisher was born on September 
25, 1919, the second son of 
Geoffrey Fisher, later Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury (and, 
after bis retirement. Lord 
Fisher of Lambeth). 

He was educated at Repton 

and Clare College, Cambridge, 
but his academic studies were 
interrupted by the war, in 
which be served as a young 
officer in The Sherwood For- 
esters in North Africa. He was 
captured at Tobruk in 1942, 
but escaped from a train 
taking him through Italy to a 
PoW camp in Germany. He 
made his way bade to England 
where his daring escape was 
recognized with the award of 
the MCin 1944 
After the war he completed 
his degree at Cambridge and 
won a hockey Blue. His first 
teaching post was at his Old 
school Repton, and then in 
1954, at the age of 35, he was 
appointed warden of St 
Edward's. Almost at once his 
influence was felt not only in 
the school but in the 
Headmasters 1 Conference. 

As a headmaster, Fisher had 
three great strengths. He had 
unflagg in g energy, he was an 
excellent businessman and, 
above afl, he knew and cared 
about the boys as individuals. 
He was not a scholar, though 
he recognized the importance 
of achieving good academic 
results. He was not a particu- 
larly spiritual man but he took 
the trouble to see that the 
religious life of the school 
made sense to the pupils. 

To his staff he was friendly 
and approachable, as he was to 
the many young headmasters 

who came under his influence. 
To his governors he was 
stimulating and exhausting. 
One of them commented that 
having Frank Fisher as head- 
master was “like taking a very 
energetic dog for a country 
walk . 

He pulled his governing 
body this way and that The 
feet that he was a master of 
detail as well as a man of 
vision meant that, more often 
than not, his governing body 
was happy to be led. 

In 1966 be was appointed 
Master of WeUington, a post 
he held until his retirement in 
1980. It would be unfair to his 
predecessors to say that these 
schools were ripe for reform, 
but in both cases his reign was 
□otable for the modernization 
of attitudes and facilities. 

It was during his time at 
Wellington that his impact on 
the organization and politics 
of the independent sector was 
most marked. He was elected 
chairman of the Headmasters' 
Conference in 1973 and was 
determined that independent 
schools should take seriously 
the business of public rela- 
tions and political influence. 

He started a “trade journal" 
for headmasters. Conference 
(now Conference and Com- 
mon Room), and persuaded 
his colleagues to set up a 
political sub-committee. In 
1979 he became chairman of 
the advisory committee of the ' 
independent schools joint 
council. To have a man who 
was both efficient and open- 
minded at the centre of inde- 
pendent schools afiairs at this 
period helped to ensure that 
the independent sector would 
emerge in tbe 1 980s both more 
professional and more secure. 

On retirement he took up 
the post of principal ofWolsey 
Hall, Oxford, a corres- 
pondence college. He also 
became a governor of a num- 
ber of schools, including 
Repton. In addition, he was a 
director of the Ecclesiastical 
Insurance Office. 

He was unmarried. 



“Tell Sid you 
can’t beat a real fire 
at Christmas” 

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in your hearth. So a visit to your local Approved Coal Merchant is an 
essential part of Christmas shopping. 

You can get a Firemaster Deluxe for as little as £24.95 these days. 

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Real fires start with British Coal. 

R>r more information about the Firemaster Deluxe or any other real fire dial 100 and ask for ( 
rreetone Real Fires or write to the Solid Fuel Advisory Service, Freepost, Sunderland SR9 9AD. — 


Royal Society of Arts 
The Duke of Edinburgh, Presi- 
dent of the Royal Society of 
.Arts, last night attended a 
dinner given by Sir Peter Bal- 
dwin, chairman, and members 
of the council, at the society's 
house, John Adam Street, and 
presented the Albert Medal to 
Sir Alastair PiUdngton and the 
Bepjamin Franklin Medal to Sir 
David Wills. Hie American 
Ambassador and Mrs Price. 
Lord and Lady Dulverton and 
Lord Sheffield were among the 

The Queen's Club 
The Duchess of Gloucester, 
Vice-Patron of the Queen's 
Club, was the guest of honour at 

the centenary dinner held on 
Wednesday. November 19, . 
1986. Mr Anthony Ward, presi- j 
dent of the dub, presided and 
Mr Peter Ustinov was the guest | 

Manchester Literary and Philo- 
sophical Sodrty 
The Lord Lieutenant for 
Greater Manchester and Lady 
Downward and the High Sheriff 
for Greater Manchester and Mrs 
Timms attended a dinner given 
by the Manchester Literary and 
Philosophical Society at the 
Portland Hotel Manchester yes- 
terday. Dr N.P. MaOick, presi- 
dent, was the host and Professor 
Sir Douglas Black was the guest 

Enrifah-SyUng Union 
Sir Donald Tebbit, Chairman of 
the English-Speaking Union of | 
the Commonwealth, and Mrs 
Valerie Mitchell director of I 
branches and cultural a£ 
received the guests at a literary 
dinner held at Dartmouth 
House yesterday. Sir Donald 
presided and the guests of I 
honour were Mr David Frost 
and Mr Michael Shea. Mr Eric 
Dehn also spoke. 

Inter-Parliamentary Union 
Mr David Crouch, MP, Chair- 1 
man of the British Group of the 
Inter-Parliamentary Union, was 

host at a dinner held last night at 
the Athenaeum Hotel in honour | 
of an Egyptian Parliamentary 
delegation led by Dr Mohamed 
Hassan El ZayaL 


Professor Barker Fairley, 

OC, one of the foremost 
Goethe scholars in the Eng- 
lish-speaking world, and a 
ip-arfing Canadia n painter, has 
died at the age of 99. 

He was bran at Barnsley, 

Yorkshire, on May 21, 1887, 
and studied at the universities 
of Leeds and Jena, where he 
was Lektor in English from 
1907 until 1910. 

In that year he was appoint- 
ed to a lectureship in German 
at Alberta University, and in 
1914 was made professor is 
the subject In the following 
year he was elected to one of 
the chairs of German at 
Toronto University, where he 
remained until his retirement 
in 1957. 

He spent the rest of his life 
in Canada, except for a brief 
interlude as Henry Simon 
Professor of German at Man- 
chester University from 1932 
to 1936. 

He took a special interest in 
the English poet, Charles M. 

Doughty, on whom he pub- 
lished a book in 1927. But his 
main scholarly work was de- 
voted to Goethe, Heine, 

the Group of Seven, who in 
the years before and during 
tbe First World War discov- 
ered tbe Canadian landscape 
and brought Canadian paint- 
■ing into some relationship 
with work that was being done 
in Europe at tbe tune. 

In the 1930s he taught 
himself to paint, concentrat- 
ing at first on portraits (not, 
then, much cultivated in Can- 
ada). After his retirement 
painting became his principal 
interest beside his Faust trans- 
lation/ He had a series of one- 
man exhibitions in Toronto 
and Munich, one just before 
his death, and he published a 
book of landscapes and por- 
traits in 1980. 

He was a Fellow of the 
Royal Society of Canada, a 
corresponding Fellow of the 
British Academy and of the 
Deutsche Akademie fur 
Sprache and Dichtung at 
Darmstadt He held honorary 
doctorates from Leeds and six 
Canadian universities. Many 
of his works were translated 
into German. 

In a long review of Goethe's 
Faust in the TLS, this com- 

Raabe and Keller. A Study of merit was made on Fairley: 
Goethe (1947) is still a classic, “Quietly and patiently he has, 

Service dinner 

Cirilry Colonels 
Tbe annual dinner of tbe Cav- 
alry Colonels was held at the 
Cavalry and Guards Club last 
night. Tbe Chairman of tbe 
Cavalry Colonels, Lieutenant- 
General Sir Robin Carnegie, 

and his crowning achievement 
was a translation of Goethe’s 
.Faust in 1953. 

In the summer of 1949 
Fairley was invited by Btyn 
Mawr College, Pennsylvania, 
to deliver six lectures (pub- 
lished four years later as 
Goethe's Faust), but he was 
prevented from doing so fay 
the US Department ofJustice, 
which informed him that he 
was permanently denied entry 
to the country, the reasons for 
this are not wholly clear, but it 
has been suggested tha t a 
S tudy of Goethe was consid- 
ered, wrongly, to have Marxist 
undertones; also that his wife 
was suspected of left-wing 

Asa young man Fairley was 
friendly with the painters of 



Royal Over-Seas League 
The Dean of St Paul's was the 
guest speaker at a meeting of tbe 
Discussion Circle of tbe Royal 
Over-Seas League held at Over- 
Seas House, St James’s yes- 
terday. Mrs Elizabeth Creswell 


Sir Maurice Bathunst. QC, 73; 
the Hon Nigel Caider, 55; 
Professor Alan H. Cook, 64; Sir 
Frank Cooper, 64; Sir David 
Davies. 77; Sir Walter 
Edmenson, 94; Mr Ian Finlay, 
80; Sir Paul Grey, 78; Mr 
Alexander Haig. 62; Air Chief 
Marshal Sir Peter Handing, 53; 
Miss Patricia Hewitt, 38; Mr A. 
J. Huxley. 66; Sir George 
Labouchere, Si; Sir Evelyn Rus- 
sell 74. 

Inner Temple 

Mr Antonin Scalia, associate 
judge of the Supreme Court of 
the United Slates, has been 
elected an honorary master of 

the Bench. 

Latest wills 

Mr Otef Kfer, of Barley, 
Hertfordshire, director of J.L 
Kier and Company, civil en- 

E " [leering contractors 1934-76, 
Restate in England and Wales 
valued 3t £2,995.353 net. He left 
his estate to relatives. 

Mrs Ann Rosada JDavbeny, of j 
Linton Park, Maidstone, Kent, 
left estate valued at £[,415,196 ! 
net. I 

Mrs Ina Kathleen Matthews, of | 
Milton-on-Stonr, Dorset. left i 
estate valued at £840,691 net. 

Sir Charles Arthur Cfaadwyck- 
Healey, of Clare, Suffolk, for- 
merly n director of Morgan i 
Grampian, the magazine group, I 
left estate valued at £131,111 

Mr Edward Henry Hardwieke j 
TnnniclQTe, of Bebington, . 
Merseyside, left £35(1225 

Mrs Mary Hemingway, war 
correspondent, writer, and 
widow of Ernest Hemingway, 
died on November 26. She 
was 78. Until their marriage, 
she wrote under her maiden 
name of Mary Welsh. 

She was bom on April 5, 
1908, at Walker, Minnesota, 
the daughter of a lumbeijack, 
and educated at Northwestern 
University. In 1932 she joined 
The Chicago Daily News as a 

Five years later she came to 
London to work on the Daily 
Express , before joining Time 
and Life magazines in 1940 as 
a war correspondent. Some of 
her despatches were published 
with those of other correspon- 
dents in two anlVmlrwi p-c 
Their Finest Hour (1941) and 
I Can Tell It Now (1946). 

She and Hemingway met in 
Paris in tbe summer of 1944 
and they were married two 
yean later. Her autobiogra- 
phy, How It Was (1976), 
describes the ups and downs 
of their marriage. 

Among other thing* they 
shared accidents, breaking 
bones together on ski slopes in 
Italy, and together surviving a 
plane crash in Africa in 1954. 

m3? “ 1961 » a*** in 

jy/6 she set up the annual 

Eraest Hemingway Founda- 
uon Award for a first work of 
fiction by an American writer. 

for the better part of a lifetime, 
been equipping and provision- 
ing his mind as for a battle, as 
indeed in one way it was: a 
battle against misinterpreta- 
tion and declining interest 

“And what we have been 
witnessing in recent years has 
been the skilful deployment of 
these resources, disciplined to 
a tradition that makes no 
assertion without its careful 
peat documentation, hazard- 
ing no theory but what seems 
to be rooted in demonstrable 

His married, first, in 1914. 
Margaret Keeling, who died in 
1968. He then married Nan 
Purdy, who survives him with 
one daughter of his first 
marriage (his other children 11 
having predeceased him). 


A. B. W. writes: 

The Ven Francis (Frank) 
William Harvey, Archdeacon 
of London from 1978 to 1 986, 
who died recently at the age of 
56, was a distinctively Angli- 
can character. 

As an administrator in the 
dioceses of Liverpool and 
London, and latterly at St 
Raul s and in the City, he was 
endlessly helpful to clergy and 
laity, as well as being assidu- 
ous on Church committees 
and City charities. He knew 
what he wanted, and worked 
long hours on accounts and 
memoranda, always reckon- 
ing the cost of policies. 

His paternalism was tem- 
pered by Liverpu dlian hu- 
mour. His deep voice, his 
sermon^ his jokes, his warm 
hospitality and his sense of 
duty will not be forgotten. 

Music gave him special 
delight, and the moving tune 
he composed for Jesus. Thou 
Jo /. pf Loving Hearts is an 

hymnody! “ 

This determined, lively tra- 
ditionalist spiced many civic * 
and ecclesiastical occasions 
with kindness and good-heart- 
ed fun, and will be greatly 



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the oigMia-jjjV .J?PacijJ 
of the mdepend:.-." ! l ^lics 

most marked, i-'l,' Cl0r 'Vfc 
chairman of ihjV- '.** ^ 
Conference in :-~ 'Osiers' 
determined the- - ■ ii ant * *aj 
schools should : - i ', 5 en dtni 
the business c-' n °«fc 
dons and poiivc-- “ ‘ . lc 

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for headmaster- 
(now Cokvvk '! 
mon Rooh:i. i: .j 
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political u - « 

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theadwsorv °f 

independent 1 . I *' '' "" 

council. To hd - . • 
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period helped :. •" 
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emerge in the • - : • - 
profession-; J 2 :.- ~ 

On rctirem-..-- -- 
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became a go-. .- 
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and IWiiihh bul m tew dtites wjii. 

Uw aitniB. and of n*> Iwusrtiaid of om 

EW«*«b 3 : 19 


BELLHLLE On Novembs' 28tti. K> Lu- 
dnda (n£e Wallop; and Patrick, a 
sop. Q atar Rupert Kintzuig 

- on November 25th 
1986. to Anne tnie Lea} and Peter, a 

daughter EmUy Nadine. A sister for 
John M ark. w 

FOSTER - On November 27th. ‘to Sih 
san (nfe Herbert; and James a 
daugh ter. Hannah Marion Elizabeth. 

JERMM - On 290t November at the 
John Radcwre. Oxford, to canUne 
<n£e Jenyns) and ChUstepber. a son. 
George Edward Jenner. 

LLOYD On 30th November 1986. at 
the West London Hospital, to Gassfe 
<me Paines) and Humphrey, a son. 
Thomas Charles Edward. 

■AOMUJUl . On November 38 m, to 
Susan and Charles, a daughter 
Frances, Tessa. 

FORRITT - On Sunday November 
30th. at Queen Marys Roehamnon. 
to Miranda and Ntcholas. a daughter 
CZare Poppy. 

WWKK - On November 36th to 
Chrauane and Marcus, a son Jana* 
than Charles. 

SAMUEL - On October t3tb (986. in 
Edgware Craerai Hospital to u» 

nora (n^e Roth) and Jonathan, a son 
Benjamin Alfred. 

SMALLWOOD - On November astb. to 
Alban (j£e Monter-wuitams) and 
Stephen, a son. janes. 

WHITEHEAD - On November 36th. at 
Queen Charlotte Hospital, to Susan 
{nee Brown) and Anton, a daughter. 
Louisa Victoria, a sister for HoOy. 

WHJLJS - On December la. at BMH 
Hong Kong to Virginia <n& Seeker) 
and Davtd. a son Alexander Math 


BLEACKLEY - On November 29th. 
peacefully at The Macnuoaxi Trust. 
King Edward VQ Hospital. Mkfliurst. 
Neville (Chariest. Major ftvtUX late 
of Royal Sussex Regiment brother of 
Dorothy and unde of Sally. James. 
Jennifer and Drusffia Funeral 4.00 
pm Thursday. 4th December at 
Chichester Crematorium. Family 
[lowers only. Donations to Army Be- 
nevolent Fund. 

RJMVAROOME ■ On November 28th. 
suddenly but peacefully at Haver- 
fordwest. Thomas EanOey. aged 68 . 
Much loved bufeand of Joy and fa- 
ther of Jennifer. Robin and 
Elizabeth. Funeral Service at St 
John's. Stebech at n.oo juo. De- 
cember 3rd. No Dowers please. 

BURN - On Monday 1 st December, 
peacefully at SL John of God. 
Scorton. Harold John David. Be- 
loved husband or the late Adrian and 
much loved father of QtnbcQi and 
Stephanie. Sendee Thursday 4 De- 
cember at AIMsiby Steeple at l pm. 

CARR - On Friday November 28th. at 
park Cottage. Hrrimhnm. Donna 
Nenndla. aged 90 years, wife of the 
late Brigadier William Carr Dl&O.. 
C.B.O.. Funeral Requiem Maas, at 
the Church of St Edmund. Kbio and 
Martyr. Bungay. Suffolk. Thursday 

■ December 4th at 2 pm. 

CARVER • On November 26th. sudden- 
ly at home In Richmond. Lancelot 
James (Nick) formerly at India and 
Sabah. Loved and reseeded by aD 
who had the utvfiege to know him. 
Funeral at St D uiM t au s Church. 
Cheam an Friday 5th December at 

DAVIES - On Thursday November 
27th 1986. In Cheltenham General 
Hospital. Gladys Margaret aged 88 . 
Service at Cheltenham crematorium 
on Thursday December 4th. at 12.30 
pm. Flowers to Philip Ford. DWetoo 
House. Calnscross Road. Stroud. 

GLASSBORM - On November 30th. 
in Edinburg. Maurice Frederick 
John. Loved husband or NeUa Kerr, 
devoted husband of the late Monica 
NeHson-Terry and lovtug father of 
MaUia. Funeral service at The 
Church of SL John The EvangeusL 
Princes Street Edinburgh on 

■ Wednesday 3rd December at 2.30 
pm and thereafter, at MoctonhaO 
crematorium at 3.16 pm. 

CREEM - On November 28th. at her 
home. Rhyd-yr-Hardlng. Castle Mor- 
ris Nr. Haverfordwest. Dyfed. 
Margaret (‘Era’) Diana Valerie aged 
38. Dearly loved wife of Davtd and 
mother of Penelope. Private RmeraL 
Memorial service at Uan gtaff an Bap- 
list Chapel. Castle Morris at 2-pm on 
Saturday 13th December. No flow- 
ers please. Any donations to 
Wlthybush Hospital. Gamma Cam- 
era Fund or Fishguard School P.TJL 
c/o Barclays Bank. Fishguard. 

HOOPER - On December 1 st 1986. 
peacefully at home. Constance MU- 
drert Ayahtot*. w«e of Sir Robin 
Hooper, mother of Martin. Gavin 
and David . and grandmother of Pev. 
Eduard and James. Following cre- 
mation. a Service of Thanksgiving 
far her life wtu be held at St James* 
Church. Eoerton. KenL at 3 -30pm on 
Friday 12th December 1986. At her 
request no Cowers, but donations at 
the service to the Friends of SI 
James' Church. Egerion. For trans- 
port arrangemeto please call Ol 361 

LEWS ■ On November 29tb. in Salis- 
bury. after a short fitness. Geoffrey 
Pryce Compton aged 75. who was 
dearly loved by his family and 
friends. Funeral at Salisbury Cnema- 
lorlum. on Thursday 4th December 
a! io.30em. No flowers, btfi dona- 
tions If desired, to World Wildlife 
Fund, c/o H A Harrow & Son Lid. 77 
Estcoort Road. Satttfiury. Teh 0722 

MfflWSA ET - On November lift. 



RBEOS -On November 29th. 1995 . 
OTtefily . peacefully m Stuop 
Wring wtfe of John (jack) 
Needs and mother of Anna- Pamela. 
John. DavM_ and Brenda, ano be- 
lovedgrandmoiher. Reoutem Mass 
on Friday December sth a st 
g«gOL Wellington. Shropshire. 

FaznOy Dowers cmty.Dcaiatkm may 

be sent to Mother Teresa. 177 
Bravlngfon Rood. London W9 3AR. 

RSffroH - On 26th November 1986 . 
* home la Heatenan-T ham— ql 
ward wmiam Newton aged 67 years. 
9 husband, rather, madam) aeh* 
to teka place on 

Fridays December 1986. ft Read- 
ft9 crematorium, south Chapel at 
11 am. Enoulrtes to Cyril H 

Lovegrove. 114 to 116 Oxford Road. 

Rdadtog. Tel 0734 60016. 

PfflLLVS - On November 29th 1966. 
at bmo. Manfred Norman MJL. 

Ota. djhjul. Air commadoro. 
RAF. Loved husband of Dorothy and 
rather of David and Richard. Private 

RAMSON - On 27 th November, peace- 
fully tn tils 65th. Gordon George 
Ivor. Ceremony Wednesday 3rd De- 
cember at North East Surrey 
Crematorium. Morten. Family flow- 
ers only. Donations, to lieu. If desired 
to CBnoer Research. 

ROYDE- SMTM - On November 27th. 
suddenly. John Grabam. dearly 
loved husband of Bluteil i and fa- 
ther or Celia. Amanda. Chktf and 
Sophie. Qufcf funeral 4th December. 
Please come to Requiem Maas at St 
Ethetreda's. Ely Place. Hotborn. 
ECl. It am 20 th December. Enqui- 
ries to W.H. Wlgley 01 233 3211. 

SARA - On 29th November 1986. 
Ruth of ffiogaou Redruth. Cornwall. 
Dearest wife of Edward (deceased) 
and mother at Michael. Ebzabefb 
and Jane, also Margaret (deceased). 
Funeral service at Camborne Wesley 
Methodist Ctrarch on Friday Sth De- 
conber at 2 pm. Donations. If 
desired, for Camborne Save The 
Children Fund may be sent lo the 
Funeral Directors Messrs. RetaOadc 
Brothers. Hooper Lane. Camborne. 

SPENCER - On November 30th. peace- 
fully at the Yeatmaa Hospital. Nancy 
of Milbome Port. Sherborne Dorset 
A much loved and loving cousin to 
three gem-radons. Cremation pri- 
vate. Pfeom no letters or ffowen. but 
If so wished, donations for the Mac- 
millan Fund or the Marie Curie 
M e m o ria l Foundation, to Mr Harold. 
F. Mies Funeral Director. South 
Cadbury. Yeovfl. Tel: North 
Cacfixay 40367. 

VAN DEN KALLEH - On November 
30th 1986. Cynthia Babe) D’Oyfey 
(Bte Vickers) at Rydons Nursing 
Home. Wlrnbiedon. Peacefully after 
a long fitness. Beloved mother of Ehz- 
abeth. Valerie and David, and much 
loved grandmother. Also devoted 
friend of Arthur Barrett Funeral ser- 
vice at Putney Vole crematorium. 
Thursday 4th December at 12^0pm. 

WHYTE - On November 30th. of 
Whttemoor Amberiey On. Janet 
(nee WOttamson). aged 86 yean. 
Widow of P rof es so r Hamilton Whyte 
and beloved mother of ETaklne and 
Keith Hamilton Whyte. Funeral Ser- 
vice Amberiey Parish Church 
Thursday D ec e mber 4lb at 1.00 pm 
fallowed by cremation el Gloucester . 
Flowers may be sett to Phfitp Ford A 
Son. Funeral DSredon. Dtrietcn 
House. Stroud. Gtos. 


AfiNEW ■ A Sendee of Tbahksgfv&ig 
for the life of Sh- Geoffrey Agnew. 
wffl be held at 12 noon on Thursday 
18th Decembe r at SL June's. 

Oofimonorattve- Service 
for Katharine Lady .Bridges, .at St 
Maly's Church. Headley. Storey. 
11.30 am Monday December 29. 

MYERSON - A memorial service for 
Aubrey Myenon. QC. wifi be MM to 
Lincoln’s bin ChaoeL mi Tuesday. 20 
January- 1987. at 6 pm. 


LAW - Christine Maud tote WethoeU). 
2nd December 1960 - 31st October 
1976: In loving memory. 


£4 a Bw + 1S% EAT 
(minimum 3 lines) 
Announcements, atfifacntkazed by 
the name and permanent address 
of ibe sender, may be sent to: 
PO BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 9XS 

or telephoned (by telephone sub- 
scriber only) UK 8V481 3824. 

Science report 

Rare compound found 
in Colorado beetle 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

The idea of “milking” a beetle 
sounds extraordinary. But that 
is the description used by sci- 
entists who coDected micro- 
scopic amounts of a patent toon 
that Colorado beetles exude to 
fend off predators. 

The lethal character of the 
biochemical defence is in- 
directly responsible lor the Bee- 
tle being such a vicious pest to 
the potato former. Like other 
highly coloured insects, the 
Colorado possesses glands 
producing specific compounds 
which are either very poisonous 
or foul-flavoured. 

Zoologists have tong l rec- 
ognized that in the, 
bnghi colouring * m 
warning, which is 
primarily at P^ datory . b “rt c tn 

Moreover, the warning [has to 

. te lSf? 5 ? 5 SS 5 S 


difficulties of obtaining enough 

insect is distuibed « tl J reat : 
Sd Several ceHs in the glands 
prS u « diff«nt molecug 
which combine to foitn ine 
protective substance as tiiey ^r 
^creted from a common duct, 
^use there is no pennane«» 
reservoir of the toxin., there ^ « 
SffiSilty in collecnng the 

Once discharged, the w 
ahom a wedk to refill. Lack 
of secretions is rate reason why 
the biochemical structure of the 
Colorado beetle’s defence has 
remained oadetermroed, 
though it was first observed 80 
years ago. 

Now a group of Belgian 
scientists, working with Dr D. 
Daloze. of the Umversitfe Libre 
de Bruxelles, have discovered a 
newly identified group of com- 
pounds forming die Colorado 

Employing a novel technique, 
they have “milked” more than 
1,000 insects over two years, 
poll ard ng enough of the sub- 
stance tor detailed laboratory 
analyses. The compound they 
have identified is a unique 
preparation characterized as a 
dipeptide in which glutamic 
and is coupled to an unusual 
amino acid not found m 

Hie scientists found that the 
compound’s structure has 
similarities with a group of 
extremely active substances, 
including antibtonc-type 
preparations that have been 
isolated from fungL 

In preliminary experiments, 
the biochemical from the Colo- 
rado beetle is found to be 
poisonous 10 other insects ui 
liny amounts. 

Source: Science, Vol 233, 
pp22l-223. 1986. 

University news pointed 

SToD^D^lin h« ■»“ 

appointed to a chlur m English 

literalure from Ocwber J- 

Fppoimed to a 

molecular endocnnologj from 
8?Tic Sl«a<t has W 


cSTmraunicauons engineenng 

from October 1. 

nr T.F. Barrett has been ap- 
pointed to the chair of account- 
ing from January 1. 

^fessor J-F. Fulton hasten 
Appointed to the post of director 
of tife school of education. 









A cantes or nunkraMno for o» dfe 
ana wort of MttU OWL Founder 
nd mncMr of for NaUoaN youth 
T ii o rir t of CWM amain, whi bo mm 
as 3om on Sunday 14m M 

toosoalw Eurton SteUan) 

MW SHUT - pfaMB cnotaCt Font* * 
son or Antony WWahar so a muter or 
■now 01-383 I7t» or 01-823 MB 

for ante i504tBMSMdr8Utenar.Fw 
anmflaMMy Hte n hmia oi-oao 48». 

W roUHSKI PtAMO TWO. private 

i ni'n niMfiim mi nt ~n 



TOM. Haornr btnhctBy old fogey, love 
from Mte. David. Stmon and victor, 


minor cart lm Mmu 

turn vme flum ma w . Details: 01-631 

, Love or Marriage, ah ages. 
. Dan «| id) 23 Abingdon 
Road. Hindoo wb. Tnfc oi^ss ion. 

' (07003 23118. 

CAPITAL CVs preowc Mgh quanty cwrie- 
dun vfbK*. 01-607 7906. 


WOOD - Horidy Frederick, son of^ Thomas 
wood, sottenor of Yet* Place. 
Watwann. who died tn the 1840‘s. 
Would any dna m * jondfe centaa 
roe? tan Aratrusher. BaztovtogUxi 
Farm. Petwonh. Sonne. 

££. WANTED Large Vic w ar droOea. 

. buraon a on oamongs 

etc. OS *467683dayJ)l 7890471 eves. 

WAimS Edwardian. Vfcurtm and all 
paMM fomfira Mr Ashton Of 9*7 
6946. 667-A69 Carran Lane. Esetfileld. 

WMfTBD — m 3 l.sarh ca tter y for art. 
vale MMter, Ton erfeen cold. No 
deatem. 01-992 7986 



Dinner Steb 
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Singins Co hfe* 



22 Charing Ows Bd 
London WC2 
Nr Leicester So Ute 
Ol -800 2310 

puyees. net ante, names of. the 
Ctatmten and Maaaring Dtrecurs bt 
the top 1000 ramosnlra - £20 In 

boakahoos now (Or wr*» *o: Ttroen 
Books. 16 COMen Square. W1R 4BNL 

Hvsrics SIB _ 

dttenoiuhes In msnrsiny and EnglMi 
oak. Un m eet near Henley on Thames 
(0491) 641116. B n u rncnWMh (0203] 
293600; Topshten (089287) 7*43. 
Berfectey. CHn (04631 810962. 

me 1WD 0814-1986) This Xmas give 
someone me an original bene dated the 
very date they were wn. cii.96 (pirn 
One ISTCPj n rai p ps peri ) Veatertso-’j 
New*. 43 DondenaM Mad. Colwyn 
Day. TaL 0*92 631196/831300. 

> OUT. 200 years Of the 

Thai J78S-I98& laeWs' UnsnM 
Item? fl aim IMP C miiuWS stories of the 

p«L focsmOe pages and Witty casaye by 
Literary Editor. PMhn Howard. £12.96 
tn Oook a hons now. (Times Books). 

etc. Manatee delliiarlei Tet (0380) 
860039 (Wins). 

pwen quality nmol emmets. At trade 
prices and under, also avaflaMs KXra 

extra. Lame room tece ramnante milff 
nternetmte price. Cnanctey Cmte Ol 

* 06 oaes. 

avalL Hand hound ready for iiuute 
Hon - aHo -Sundays". £ 12 4 a 
Bmemcr when. 01-688 6323. 

■newer* gate any norr, cats, sw- 
U«M Cm. aims. Les Ml Afl Ih teo e 
and *ans.Td: S2l -6616/828- 

OC9BJLEX / vim / Dinars. 

ML Neff. Cngnnaw ovens. Doha dfadt- 
ursimri . fttooes. etc. fWddksm Try 
us ■ We are unbeaMbCrt RHoata *0403. 

MCOKM ANTIQUE Pool table, inlaid 
ab accmmnee Otrera over 
£3.000. Tctoi 940 1162 

1L1W1W Model L. Ho. 13048CS Ma- 

CATS, CHESS. Us M&and Ptantem. ad 

theatre and sport. Tet 439 1763. AU ma- 
jor cradB eds. 

HMK COAT Dark ranch f e ma le. As new. 
Unwanted ten. Baroain £3280. Tela- 
phone: Ol 602 7966 

Also Wimbledon - orders taken. Poo. 
theatre. Ol 240 8609/01 831 7968. 

SANTA** SALE AT TO P*. Bte sHna jn 
pre-OvtHmas Tvx. videos, etc. 91 
SL SW1. 730 0933. 

STMNWAYB GrandLffli^— - — 
her 70793 rosewood. £1000. Tel. 01 
381 9308. 

over l year (APR Okl Low hderete 
rates over 2 yners (APR 9.6MI A 3 years 
(APR 12-2%) Written Quotations. Prae 
Catteogue. 30a Hlgbgtee Road. NWS. 
01-267 7671. 

HUM MAY Grand. S' 10“. .Rosewood. 
Excellent condition. CMOO. Ten Ol 
886 4981. 



beat iu 

TofUher we 

«e fond over one AM of ail 
itxii c h in® (he pwra* *4 
cme of cinci e T to die UK. 


or make * fc**7 »c 




2 GEfoB Bourn Teaace. 

JpEPT TT SfV .London SW1Y 5ML- 


The . 
Long Pain 




<1 Eagle Street. London WC1R4AR 




Mcandin hlBntlfof nahn) csrfe tees. 
Extremely turd wmg the bate nun. 
ey can auy £8.96 per sq yd o vat 
M erata ion vutvyt ptie carpel U stela 
cetearp. BteK la onomay \T wide 
troui cock. 7 year wear guarantee ror 
ftoower office. C4.7B per h yd + vat 
Plus the largest se te c itmt of plain car- 
psBng in London. 

648 Fkdham Road SW6 
207 Havernaoc HUI Hamnstead NWS 

Tel jO I -794-0 1 39 


to Share tovtey Ed- 
«*Mdisn home. 239. N/& Double 
room. £40 pw ML Teh 606 4 4 65 ate 
8947jw«10 769- 3470 OmowL 

PLATMATO SMecttve Sharing. Wen 
Mteb Mrad u tay service. Prie lei for 
gte 01^89 5491. 313 tenmmoa 

NUHM «V6 K/F. ofr. tet radtoe line 
Mats dose to tuba, share 2 othnn. £171 
pan pad + dapofil (rehirMtteL TH: Ol 

t ST, Wl. praf m/T m Mara lux 
ItoL 0/7. an mod eons. £260 pent. Tel 
my 875 9999. eves 723 6498. 

SWH. Prof M. N/S. for 

oulet C/H MfTtewf has. o/R. 2 robte 8ft 
£60 pw. rid. Tel 01-223 1328 

CLAPHAM COMMON Stetee room to nod 

large. comforlsMe flat own ■ 
pcm. TM. Ol 836 6081. 

PUUMM SW6. Own dM bedroom bear 
rattan Broadway nfoa. COL N/S. 
£200 pcm eted. 386 1381 after 6.30pm. 

HfMMMonMfc lortenpreo/r to v-centraL 
comterttMe flat for young pete. £220 
pcm. Tel 370-1663 after 6 pm. 

NW2 On. own raorn in luxury Bat TV. 
CH. Video. CDanaunai pardon. £46 pw 
Tel: 01 461 6841. 

PARSONS 8ROH Third penon. tetrae- 
ttve horns, own room. £19000 pcm 
euL TTX: 731 1261 

PUTNEY Lib shared new hse. Prat F. 
o/R. AO mod cons. £46 pwaxcL Tel Ol 
789 Obaa 


new. Been, madoas (tet O/R- g ar de n . 
£40 pw and. Tet 659 1687 after 7pm. 

CTBSATRAM Prof F. 21*. Ipe O/R la Ige. 
CH houae/mreten. BR 3 nates. City 20 
mint. £140 pm etd TeL Ol 769 6866. 


CO VPfTCAHOPt fOoseX A Brand new. 
large, ioxurtooe 3 bedroom ltd for only 
£380 pw. Mteily recommended. 837 
7366 03 

F W «APP (Management Stevtote) LM ro 
gnfre properties In Central. South and 
West London Araea for waOteg apoii- 
cams tn Ol 221 8888. 

ST JAMES’ ArttegMn Home. On Green 
Park, dose Rita. Presage 2/ 3 bed ltd. 
Up to 8 yr lease. No Prontem. Peter 
Buddunt A CO. 01 350 7011. 

AVAILABLE MOW Luxury Oats A h o use a 
£200 - £1-000 per week. Tet Burgesa 
581 5136. 

wttn Mtei caBtogs aep ktt and hash. £130 
p.w. Ooddanl & SteOi. Ol 930 7321. 

ST JOHNS WOOD 600 yards American 
School Ultra modern, unfuro with 
c o mpute kitchen, carpets, mitten s. Eo- 
traace Had. 3 Lor Dale Beds. S ahtedte 
Baths. Cto te w . Ultra rood am rihaani- 
Ph KM. 2 h ue rcom Rcc» 3G*xl«‘. 
Perking- £48op>w. 499 9981. Cm 870 
4703 rn. 

HOLLAND PARK. Bright spacious 2 bed 
flat surrounded by gardens. Attractive 
open ptao race p aon/dtofno rra. Stytites- 
ty L teBc n«d ku A hattwiB. Pirmamn- 
furnished It decorated. Available 6 
manttn plus. Co tet £180 pw. QunMd 
Comtandm aaa 7383. 

MWJirilH cxscumc Seeks Ms 
nat/house; up to CSOOpw. Usual ftea 
req. puaus Kay * Lewis. South of me 
Par*. Cheteen omen. W«2 8111 or 
North of the Park. Regent's Parti omen. 
01-685 9833. 

ty dec. I/fura. s/c period ant on 5 Ora. 
Drawing rro. balcony, sen din i n g rm. 
ML 3 bed*, a ten* « nolle, cteteu ra - 
Tory. rate gda. Mr. Ref iM *te«k. Short 
/ Iona tet £800 pw. Apply 387-4781. 

W HWTO N 8 Odra MgMiazy Corner. 
Odo m a tate t ne . B rauM faoy torn. DMe 
bedm. 2 nd bedrtiL ige rccep- kU/ drier, 
bamnn. CH. phone tie. Pnridng. £130 

-PW 01-607 8890. 

I WSL irifnrnMMd 601 floor 

interior designed flat in luxury powered 
block. Shnming views. toQB y rte ur- 
btehad. aU new ctapate. cwtax. 
moctunca- £075 pw n eg. tec CH.w. ♦ 
CM. teiTlMinana; 351 7767. 

RE R PfT* PARK. Superbly fined and tor- 
atehed flai to om eta oriv rioat wttb 
high security. 2 dble beds. Ige rec.ff ML 
btetinn. WC. <ue glAM-hoiiT perier- 
agr Parking. Co tet £320 pw. Qurarihl 
Canstendne 244 7353. 

KRW6 HOAD SWS CAM ofri. A superb 
modem town houea with garage and 
p«ved gardens. Sidt riscrmlng couple or 
t&mliy. Long jeL £260 pw. foxftanana; 
361 7767. 

MARBLE ARCH Short let. 1 10 3 mantes. 
Enormous 1 bed ROL very pretty, v. 
large- Could tfh iep (airily of 4. £280 pw. 
Ol 724 4X72. 

SMT1 Lovriy Gteftn OM wth own private 
Entrance bt guilt cobbled mews. Mtr- 
rored Recen/Diner Otxmtne onto polio. 
New Red A WlUtr KM. Obte Bed. Bate. 

SWI Good Value. Extremely briu man- 
taxi oat with skyline views 
Receo/Dfaier with Div Doors. F/F K1L 2 
Beds. Bate. Shower Rsa. £236pw. 
Oootea 828 8251. 



FULHAM. Newly decorated spariots 3 
bed. 2 bath. 2 mean hoose. Lop« leL stet 
up to 6 ebarera. £200 pw. Bu rh a wuw : 
361 7767. 

HlllllWTrMI It S te ro un dtog arena. 
Wide constantly changi n g codecUon of 
f ur nished flats * hoi geo on our cmrent 
HsL Bentuun A Reeras 938 3832. 

OPPOSITE NEW RUMS. Dettghtfhl 2 bed 
Qte newly decorated. Parking. Butt 
overseas assign re . £136 pw. Priory 
Management 01-940 4665 

non of flats A houses to the CHy. 
KriOhUhridoe- Kooji^Wr^WtW 
and other area* O* 637 0821 . 

•37 9881 The number 10 _ 

when peeking best rental praoertles in 
Centra) ad prime Lcmdo ti areas 
£ 18 O/£ 2 XC 0 pw. 

ALtm RATES A Co have a targe seleo 
Oon te cats 6 Swan avail for Iona / 
anon let fin £iSODOp.w. Ol 499 1665 

BANONS eowrr W14 A seMGlMn te new- 
ly renovated f/f 2-3 bad apte / mail. 
£l 60- £200 p.w. UK 675 18960) 

throughout the Docklands area. TtfcOl- 
700 pwdri 

EALMC YDJJUBE. 2 bed flat ta gutet 
avtonmt with swim. pool 6 triuus as. 
£120PWfoCFdrtaV»W. 9404555 T 

OtEEN PARK Fufiy flood stodtos/fBls. 
Lans/ short Iri- From £135 pw. 937 
4999 (TL 

HA IWP I I T a I I N W ( l U flaL 26rt rec. dble 

bed. Ck. TV. ter sunny bale. W/mach. 

£125 pw 01-504 4617. 

Co iei oref. Ci: 

WSTANT FLAT. Luxury Serrittd Ken- 
sfiMMn. Chad fa fratn £325 pw. Ring 
Towti House Awrt Rpb 373 3435 
■MOANS WALK 2 bad garden ftsr with 
garage, company IN 5 months £780 doi 
TN 01 223 5547 or 0483 G0S267 
means PARK. Superb mod 2 bedroom 
IUL k/b> avail tunned. £2fl8pw. TN Ol 
936 909 5- 

fOVICtP APMTMBNTS Bt Kensmoion. 
Col T.V. 24 hr Sw. Telex. CWHnghaia 
Apartments. 01-573 6506. 

SLOAJC APARTMENTS Perfect kxallan 
ter 9om square- Fufiy serviced A 
eouumed. TN: 01-3TJ 6305 07. 

serviced 2 Bad apa rtmen t Prime we 
Don nexl to Rk*. 01-373 5306 (TJ 
n>UW«Ll igedMo & 1 stnotebea- 
raom. CH. Co tet arty. £150 pw. 01 906 

■2 Dbte reran, and bed. Pauo/gon fteL 
rm. parUsy. £165 pw. Dar 29 for 6 
uuriha. TN Ol 221 2811. 

British Heart Foundation 

The heart research charity. 

102 Gloucester Race. 
London W1H40R 


nr ate brat 
ratted ariacOea te 


in prune London awn 



270 earn Court (toad, sws 

01-244 7353 


lAPdkvdi & Tenants 
cone » w for 
•+a areas. 

Pbooe now. 


01-734 7432 

CHn m fl t mrntn y 2u floor mansion 
flat over co ma— gardena. 2 beds, 
rpcfp/dtaer. mama ureptece. brand 
new Ml • tf mac h ines bam and rep 
shower. Co ring Let. £296 p.w. Cod- 
01 950 7321. 

bright 1st floor Write In grief m. 4 beds (3 

dble). recto wttn fireplace, ban ana 

shower im. cste flt tot/dtaar + tel ante. 

rote terrace, avail now. Cota Only. 

£380 p.w (tog- F.W-Cagp Ol 221 8858. 


w I oedfteLQuKL or shoos. Lone tet. 
MSUHe now. £110 pw. 01-731 6604 
Monday * Wednesday or 948-5477. 

THE LOOM /SHORT LIT mecteHsls. We 
have a ige salecno n or heavy 1/2/3/ 
4 B edroo m Rate with maM service, inte- 
rior de signed h centrally located. Avail 
Now Connaught Praoe w i ss 727 3050 



£69 N YORK 
£60 LA/S F 



ram taDgooa raw 

any Kcap £810 Cricttta £421 

HaaeOhcoadsAvaden WPChbCbn 


21 Swallow SL London Wl 
01-459 2100/437 0637 



BOM/DEL £366 NEW YORK £266 

DAMASCUS £245 ROME £106 

DUBAI £345 SEOUL £606 

FRATURT £66 StN/KUL £420 
HOMO KONG £490 SYD/MEL £590 

KARACHI £283 TOKYO £890 


TEL: 01-439 3621/8007 

IM aocom. A Dee a ir port peeking- Te- 
nerife 85/12 X 8 4BW CSOBop- 
G/Cnorta 22/ 12 x 8 days £278pp. Te- 
nerife 19/12 2 15 day s E5 68PP- 
La m aro te ia/12 x 15 days £378pp. Fit 
arty bun ElSOpp. Bonanza Hols. Art 
QSL ATQL 231. Tel 0202 298844 

Art 7KHK1S toectetos N v«ra £2*9. 
LA/San Fran £329. Sydney /MeSnurne 
£769. AO diracl daQy fHrtite Danalr 150 
Jotnyn StreeLOI 839 7144 

TraurtwM. Apia. AteL 

Ol 441 tilt. 

MMCCO rtOUML Regent SL Wl. Ol 
734 5307. ABTA/AIM. 

%. AFRICA Fran £465. OldlK 7371 

S. AFRICA Fran £465. 01-884 7371 

Ol 736 B19I- ABTA ATDL. 

KTT 01-950 2486. 

LRRIilMM/l li in Year In Kyrmia North 

Cyprus. ComprrtMnMve range of a/e ril- 

down n« earth priori. Orand Univcnri 

Services tT*T>. 20 Szokc_Nc%vtopton 

Church SL London NS6 7* 01249 


TAM TRMt OP F to Part* Anaierdam. 
Brussels. Bruges. Geneva. Berne, tae 
aanne. Zurich. The^Hague. Dt«to. 
Rouen. Boulogne It DteteTtel ^OW. 
2a. Chester done. London. SWIX 7BQ. 
01-238 8970. 

apmus In 4wks for foe 

price tea. £339. Lwnsed a va aa ramv for 
2 wkS £339. 00923) 77834A TiTOlwaV 
Mondays. ABTA. ATOL 1107. 

WE CALL for some te the best daato in 
flights, apart— ta . hotris and car hire. 
TN London Ol 636 8000. Mancnesler 
061 832 200a Air Travel Advisory 

TRAVEL CENTRE jp s lUT I len gth First and 

elite Cteas travel wortwide. Budget 

Fares Altec.- NZ. S. Africa. USA and 

Portugal with aocom. Tri Ol 686 1101. 

ABTA 73196. 

nui 20/27 Dec A Summer 87. Diertta. 
Canaries. Greec e Ots A hols. 6 wkhote 
3/1 rr £399. Luaarerans Ol-4*i os 3s 

FLORENCE STUDIO house- Stas 2/3. to 
targe neautitol garden, central, nangutt. 
wen tomisbed and egnlpped with own 
phone 2nd cenL heattog. Ol 703 3671. 

mbstwas avannwty. Gatwick/rau 
18 Dae £146 Malaga 22 December. 
£159. VHexxoder. CH 723 6964. Abta 

autonus CYPRUS. 1st CUn hotel an 
sandy beech mo H/row. 1 wV £299. 2 
wks £366 Rfog Pan world HoKdaars Ol 
734 2862. 


Rio £488. L— £495 
Cnws Holiday Journeys-foa Rent fratn 
£380) JLA 01-747-3108 

LOW COM (Debts SB, 
rtn. Also Small 

America. FW Ease Africa. AMtae APT* 
Art TTayvate. « Margaret street, wi. 
Ol 580 2928 (Visa Accented) 


Deal any fore to anywh ere h i the world. 
EaRng Travel Ol 579 7775. ABTA. 

NEW YORK, LJL. USA. WteldwMe ton- 

MUon. For the cheapest fans, try us 

1«. Richmond Travel 1 Duke Street, 

Rtcnoond Surrey- ABTA 01-940 4073. 

— fOWfUfi Star sale tn USVCtatobean- 

Far East-AustraHa. Call the 
prafi-nsoiits ABTA IATA cc ex c e p te d. 
TN 01 254 S788 

WUflES SUN Specials prices to Cyprus, 
Ma l ta . Morocco. Orwce-MWagL* Te- 
nerife. Nov & Dec. Pa* World HodJUys 
01 754 2562. 

XMAS, winter. Summer. Algarve. Tener- 
ife. Greece. Turkey. Spain, CgygL Sri 
Lanka and many tnora hois/fUghts. 
Ventre* 01 261 6436. ATOL 2034. 


The finest houses for rental. 75 Si 
James SL SWI. 01 491 0802. 



★★save rs r* r»** 


sibbt jj-wss 


* KTBURG * * S A FBKA * 





* dubai * * Bahrain * 

* mid east * * Nairobi * 

* Lusaka * ★ Harare * 


* L ANGEL2S * * SUAJO + 



* USA * USA * USA -srUSA * 


M So ma Sl EpMB .Scree 




WorMMdr tow cost flluho 
The dm • and we can provr it 
195000 ritads sine* 1970 


SYDNEY £574 £660 

PERTH £403 £600 

AUCKLAND £390 £748 

BANGKOK £209 £380 

SINGAPORE £209 £418 

HONG KONG £248 £496 

DELHI/BOMBAY £231 £388 

COLOMBO £242 £420 

NAIROBI £248 £396 

JOUURO £270 £434 

LIMA £275 £606 

LOS ANGELES £196 £208 

NEW YORK £ 99 £19* 

WASHINGTON £137 £274 

BOSTON £187 £274 

HONOLULU £281 £457 

GENEVA £ 75 C 89 


Eorepc/USA FHrtUS 01-957 5400 
Long Haul ruatta 01-603 isls 
( a/Busmess Class 01-938 5444 

Cna—me rt Licensed/Bonded 











Los An^fcs 












01-370 6332 


Return Return 

NAJRO« £390 SYDNEY 060 





1B2/168 RBgBrt Sl KYI 
tS: ft-OT825W7fl 
Lata & Groin 


Seand Mm aid gforraaa 

feduoci) toofl had I 

(03727) 43550 

lw aaa aB^ mum 


ral On ItaMde a Tnrt A Tomsm 
Tcote Insnaa SpecsSsL 

C06ICUT ILRS ON fUgMs/hata to Eu- 
rope. USA & most destinations. 
DtpiortiaL Travel: 01-730 2201. ABTA 

Travel Centre. Ol 878 8146. ABTA. 

01-900 1366. 


wide. TN U.TJL (0753) 857035. 

DBCOMT FARES worldwide: 01-434 
0734 Jupiter Travel. 

PU8R1BOOKERS Dtecomt FareswcrM- 
wtde- lst/econotny. 01-387 9100 

Tenerife. Dtoend Travel ATOL 1783. 
01-581 4641. Horsham 68641 
BEST Fares. Best FHgMB. Best holidays 
anywhere. Sky TlmL Ol B34 7496. 

Cpstttr/MMUM im. POat n » he Ol 
631 0167. Art AM 1893. 

HOLLAND. Daily (Ugh*. £56 O/W. £56 
put. Frankfort from £69. Miracle Jel. 
Ol 379 3322 

Singapore £487. Other FE (Sites. 01-884 
6614 ABTA- 

wide. Ol 836 8622. Buctanghten 

corn Travel Tel Ol 780 6216. ABTA. 
MO RO CC AN tame - Mondays. flfoMS. 

accom. car hire- Can BegguM Hobdays. 
01 629 9712 ABTA ATOL 1 


TIMBUL Far voor htektay where ICS s«n 
suromer. Can for ore Brochure now. Tu- 
nrilan Travel Bureau. 01-575 4411. 

ALL U& cms*. Lowest fares on nudor 
achednled carriers. 01-884 7371 ABTA 


JUST (DANCE - Staler vriue seV catering 
ski holid ays to foe best French resorts. 
Ring (or new brochure now. 

Tel 01-789 2892. 

ABTA 69256 AM 1383. 

mn specials to France and swazeriaod. 
save up to saoo for Heps. On 90/37 
DtC. Ol IBS 9999. 

£50 off Courchevel Christmas chalets. 
For fidi detaits can Le Sid 0484 640996. 



ante. 13 Dec l wk £89 (tori coach out fit 

back}. Christmas tr £891 Ring 01344 

7361. ATOL 1830. 

OMMPEHV. PurtraduSoHeL 3 eMs ewsU 
(or exclusive tauormaao htelilays. See- 
rill rata arau for Dee & An. oi 736 

COUBMAYEUIL Ooupte places as to to 
- 14/2 £311 an m. 

chalet party. 31/1 . _ 

Contact Matthew MriCato 687 3081 or 
Ol 623 8000 X 77689. 

CUBUIMAl OIPLIU. Fully catered cha- 
teb wtth aH Xmas ectras. Only £197. 
CULtSd 0484 548996. 

JOHN MO liOm TRAVEL audet Parttn 
from £1W sw person. TH Ol 499 1911 
or 07350 66861 

LE M OotacbeveL Osurts for Ml sea- 
sons ny air. coach or car- For a 
brochure caO 0484 548996. 

BB FUBHT*. ttoity 10 Geneva. Ztorkta. 
Munich ter. From £89. SKI WEST. Tel 
01 7*6 9999. 

SW SCOTT MJMML Oatatnndtop ertatef 
holidays. 10* tel ail Jan prices. 0489 

SKI TOTAL. Chalet Panto, bom. apta In 
France/Austrta. Xmas vacs. (093 to 

vom Mealy mm luxury flat, sleeps 
6. T«i Ol BBO 3445. 



The Biggest Choice on Skis 

Dips. 20/21 December 7 nights 
Chalet Ruffes & Chalet HoUs 




iron £149 SAN VIGUJO 

(ram £149 VAL DTSERE 

tram £149 CRAWS MONTANA 

self catering from £99 

froa £149 
from £189 
from £l49 

01-785 777] 

Stef Caiering & Hoteta 

March Decs. 

0422 78121 

01-786 2200 

01-785 3131 

Chalet Parties 

ABTA 16725 
ATOL 1232 



Time to ge t yora Ui Old 
ONLY £189 

I wk 20 Pec C al, chaie ta ricl flta 

MECCVE. chamomx 

30 Dec. S/c Gourchevd £136 


01-370 0999/0256 

Arts for ATOL 1820 



1 2 WX BY AIR FROM £163 

PLUS FREE cfclldran* luUdays. 
FREE Ufl Mares or free tasuranco 
on many dales Inc. Xmas/NY. 


The Andorra Experts since 1972 
01-741 4686/4471 (24 hft) 
Mix* hn iter 061 Z36 0019 


20 WE FROM £1491 

m Uw too raerti 
£60 ofll 
ft. £138 


01-584 5060 

TOP SKIING Unbeatable prices mm 

Hounnoat Total Ski Ceiebrata In style. 

Okmu i si ri SI. Johann or New Year In 

Aprtca. £199 guaranteed. Low prices ln- 

ciude fugnts. h/b hotel aki Wre. un pass. 

lessons 6 Insurance. For more Oceana 

and otters phone H amsno nt 0373 

426961. ATOL 1B88. 

VAL MKM A MottbeL For the 
UMepennaot skier an umant reservation 
service. An excellent sehxrian of s/c 
ants avadteide throuohoul for season. 
Travel available- fophl or direct coach. 
6U VbLOI SIOO 60BOC4IVS) or Ol 903 
4444. ABTA/ATOL. 

norr RET- Dusty S*as? Take advan- 

tage of our pre-Xmas siring bargains. 

.... i rtviiteTouh 

vu dTaere A Ttaoee reterad < 

Hotettys- 6 A 13 Dec fir only £t2&on- 

Xnas avadatoUty. no sarcharges. The 

Snow Has ArrtvedT Ski VAI. Tel 01 200 

6080 (24Ms) Or 01 903 4444. 



e mUST — AS Family Hodday? Lovely 
warm matched fantewuse 4 beds. S/C. 
Ehonoor A man Teh 0643 84361. 

N RMHB. Owner’s detached coastal bun- 
galow In ante! lane. Sea views Tel: 


I requ ir ed for tOo 

to end Of Much. One 12-hod chaleL 
Bo ar d, lodging, ski pass and return atr 
fore Phn £300 per month. Htene John 
on 01-444 8137 lor further details. 



qd voluntary HimiflBiKin) 

NOTVex: a hereby *vcn that the 
Creditors of foe ahove^iamed Cc 

are rectified, an or before me sixteenth 
day or December 1986. to send foetr 
names and addresses, with parttculara of 
foHr debts or ctatans. and the names and 
addresses or their Bottdlors UI any), to 
the unkraped Jfl. McKenzie of 
Wrauntaster muse. 7 MDtoank. London 
SVriP 3JE foa Uontdalor te the aoM 

CORUuny: and. If SO rrgtered by notlcr in 
writing by foa said Ugutdalor. are. by 
theta Sottdtore or p er sonal t y, to ent In 
amt prove Uirta said debm or Claims at 
such Ume and place as shall be sperihed ri 
such notice, or In default foereol they wtu 
be excluded from foe benefit of any distrf- 
budon made before auch drht* are groved- 
(1) TMs notice la purely formal and an 
Known OrOftors have been, or wtu be. 
pud to fofl. 

□otad 26ih November 1986. 




creditors of foe above-named Company, 
which is befog voluntarily wound up. are 
reauhed. on or before the 2 iw day of 
January 1987. Lo send In Ibeta full 
Christian and surnames, their a d dresses 
and d e script ions. foU parOndare te foeta 
debts or claims, ana foe names and 
addresses te their GoUcaora (if any), to me 
undenUmted Keith David Goodman. FGA 
or 30 Eastbourne Terrace. London W2 
6LF. the UQuldiunr of the saM Company. 
soil V so iw n dred hy nodee ri wiring 
from the said L i mddtaa r. are. pafsonauy 
or by then- 6o»cuors. to coene m and prove 
their debts or crams al such tone and 
Place as shgl) be SPerined ta euro notice, 
or to deflate! thereof ihey wfll be exduded 
from the benefU te any dMrtbuoon eaade 
before such drbK are proved. 

DATED fob 20th day of November 1986 



un voluntary noutdanon) 
NOTICE is hereby siwn tnai me 
CredUors te the above- named Company 
are required, on or before tor staieento 

day of December 1906. to send (beta 
names and addresses, with particulars te 
foetr debts or dams, and me names and 
address*? of their BaUclun W any), u 

foe un dersi g ne d J-H. 

Westminster Mouse. 7 MUtaank. London 
SW1P flJE foe UguldMte of the said 

Oianpany: Ud. 6 so required by noOce ta 

wrwna by o» saw 

— Ugnwaior. are. by 

forir soHotors or personally, lo <nme in 
and prove foeir mU dents or dams at 
such tone and pace as snail bespeclfledln 
such nonce, or to default thereof they wot 
bo excluded from the beneilt te any diart- 
tNiUon mads before such debts are proved. 
(1) Ttus nodes b purely fonnu opo mi 
known Qruttora have been, or wifi ne. 
arid ill full 

Dried 26411 November 1936. 


Westminster House. 

7 MHIbank. 



Un voluntary ttgiddanon) 
NOTICE B hereby given foal foe 

CredUors te foe above-named Company 
are rrauirsd. on or before foe stxtrento 
day Of Decerober 1906. u send mnr 
- ■ with particulars of 

and me names and 

te their Senators Of any), lo 
the tmdeKhpied J.H. McKenzie of 
Westminster House- 7 MUtbank. London 
SWIP 3JE me l fouM B tor te me »ki 
Company: and. IT so required by notice to 
wiring by the sato Lwmktame. are. by 
their SoucRon or personafiy. to come m 
and prove foetr said debs or claims at 
such time ana place as sbaU be sperifled In 
such nonce, or m default uiereor they wtu 
be excuidM from toe benefit of any dBtrl- 
button made before suro debts toe proved, 
in This nonce to purely formal and an 
known Creditors have been, or win be. 

paM to full. 

Dated SOm November 1966. 



Westminster House. 

7 Miltoank. 




Un vohudary Uoutdathm) 
NOTICE to hereby given fori the 
Creditors te the above-named company 
are reonlfML on or before the sborenfo 
day te Dsecenber 1986. to send foetr 
names ana addressee, with particulars of 
foetr debB or dams, and the names and 
addresses of their Senators (V anyU lo 
foe undeistgned J-H. McKenzie or 
Westminster Horae. 7 Mfl B wn k. London 
SWIP SJE foe LMuUtBior of me said 
Company: and. if so required by notice in 
writing by foe said UauhiMor. are. bv 
melr SMKuon or personalty, to oome In 
and prove foetr raid debts or ctalms at 
such tone and place as shall be verified hi 
such notice, or In detauU thereto they win 
be excluded from the benefit te any distri- 
bution made before such debts ue proved, 
(ti TM> notice ta purely formal and aD 
known CredUors hava been, or will be. 
paid In (un. 


Westminster Horae. 

7 MUlbank. 

SW1+ 3JE. 


Un vteuniary uonddaUoo) 

NOTICE ta hereby Oven foal toe 
Creditors of foe above- named company 
are reauhed. on or before foe sixteenth 
day of December 1986. to send foeir 
names ami addresses, wifo particulars of 
mar dcMs or ctaMB. pm foe names and 
addressee te dicta Senators nr any), to 
foe underrtgned JJL McKenzie Of 
Westminster House. 7 MObank. London 
SWIP 3JE foe Ugiddatar Of the saM 
Company; and. If so required by notice tn 
writing by foe sato Lioufclator. are. by 
foeir SoUctaors or personally, to c o me in 
and prove foeir raid debts or dakns at 
ouch One and puce as road be adeemed in 
such notice, or In defeiri thereof Oiey wor 
be excluded from the benoflt or any dtstn- 
.butkm mane before such debta are proved . 
(li TMs notice B purely format and au 
known Creditors have been, or win be. 
paid to folL 

— m ■ M,L ^ — a na>> 

LMUCV1 exKti iwWanuei 

JJt. mcxenzc. 


Westminster House. 
7 MHIbank. 





caikm is being made to raitament in foe 
present Session by London Regional 
Transport ("foeCorponuUm'*) for leave lo 
Introduce a BUI under foe Bow name or 
■mart me to provide for foe roargim. as 
from a day appointed for foe pmose. of a 
penally tare In rari s nu i H on lor the proper 
fare for persons WHIP bus and train Ser- 
vices undrr foe control of foe Corporation 
without a valid ticket for such use. The 
BUI liathtr provides foal foe level te pen- 
alty fare to be paid win be - 
tit ia respect of a ay bra Journey. £6: 

«fi la respect of any train tourney go My 
on me Doctalands Railway. £6: or 
tHD in respect te any other tram tourney. 

such penalty tare to be p ayable either on 
demand or wWtto 21 days wore foe day 
after foe day on width foe jams was 
completed, and contains further moasures 
relating lo foaae n o n ■fo es 
On and after 4fo December 19B6 a cocor at 
the BU for foe Intended An may be to 
spected and copies auatoed M the price of 
30p each at foe under-meoitoned offices. 
Obtectton lo foe Bui may be made by de- 
positing a PeUUon against u. w foe BUI 
originates to foe House te Common*. Uw 
latest Ctae Par dryosUtag such a PeCUion in 

foe Private BU Office of foal Horae wtu be 
30lh January 1907. M li originate M foe 
Horae of Lords, the total dale for deposlt- 
toa such a Peril on ta foe Office te foe 
cm te the ParttamenB m that House wui 
be 6ta February I nr. Further Informa- 
tion mayor oMamM from me Office te foe 
Clerk oi me ParUameM to foe House te 
Loros, foe Private BUI Office of foe House 
te Commons or foe under -me irioncd 
Parliamentary Agents. 

DATED 2nd December »9B6 

London Regional Transport 
BS Broadway 
London swih O BD 

Queen Anne's Chambers 
3 Dm Farrar Street 
Londtot 8W1H 9LO 
Psr tmm si u nry Agents 



SESSION 1986-87 


NOTICE S HEREBY GIVE>i that application B bains made to Parliament in the promt 
Sanion by for British Raowna Board ("the Board-) lor Irove to Introduce a BUI uadar 
the above name or (hart Hue fbr purposes or wlUrti foe foBowtng u a concise suiunanr: ■ 

1. oonstrucuon te foe Mtowtng works to Greater London - 
In foe City te London - 

A railway (576 metres to length, partly to foe axtttog Snow Hm Tunnel and partly ri 
new tunnel) at HOtaamVtadoEL Including the reconstruction te foe bridge ovsr Queen 
Victoria Street 

tat me fonowtag named London Boroughs - 
Wot* No. 2 to Camden . 

A railway (60S metres ri tenant) at Weal Hampstead: 

Work No. 3A In Camden am d bUngtai 
Work No. 3B to Ounden • 

Railways at Ktogte Ocas (1236 metres and 486 metres to length respectively, both 
noways being party tn extsttoa tunnels), comprising retnataumenB oi the former 
ronnectiona beiwren Die Creel Northern Mato Line and me Cdy Widened Lines: 
Work No. 4 tn Camden and bri urt on - 
A Subway (83 metres in length al Kings’* Cross. 

2. lo rtmncdtoa MBi Work No. 2 al Hotborn Viaduct power te step up foe fpohraih 
known as Lndgato Court and provide a new road between Lydgate Hffl and Pitortm 
Street to step tv narts o# Pllrttm Sheet and Apothecary Sneel and provkte Instead new 

•st and provide a new road between PDrthn Street 
up foe vehicular ramp connecting Fleet Lane with 
ind Old Seacoal Lane and to provide a new road 
: twaon Seacoal Lane and ra rt ngden Street power to rata Ludgare Orcus and nans 

i Ludgsla Hm. Sencoal Lone, ra rl n gaen Street and New Bridge Street; and to lower 
sis of Stack Frtnra Lane and Queen Victorian ' ‘ " ' 

Street to connection wfUi Work No. 2 al 
of me footpaths between West End Land and 
rst Cardens and foa! footpath and provide a new 

wlfo foe construction and maintenance te the 
bt a low level railway station M Hotborn Vladua . 
tar the pmose* of war* no. i and removal of 
the removal tetha sxmmg Hotborn viaduct 
of extedog rafiway tumeta far the purposes 

of a ttataet luU ta King's Gram station and tnterfer- 
Way. Kina's Cms general powers tn hop up 
and IbotpaOB wifo or without providing substitutes 
and tar the apprqprtaUon of afin of Omari roads and footMths so stooped up. 

4. Purchase te tana or rtgbta ewer tend ta foe areas or the p ro p osed worts: and 
temporally use of toad N Ktoqte Graas. Special provi si ons as u entry and general 
provision* tar the ra Unction or g us peradu n te prltfato rights of way over Iamb to be 

6 - To provide BnL on the opening tar passenger and goods pervlcra te HW new low level 
rafiway station al Koflxxn VladucL section 64 treorirrig advance notice tetffKonuou- 
anee tfeertaft smrtces (obe PUfliUmOaod aectlaii 66 tfeMlflfl te the BstataUshineni am 
(uncUons of t ra mpon cwisuBaHve cowndlW*) Of the Transport Ad 1962 shall not 
nputy ft reaped te tta dbcenttouane* bv the Board te rafiway passenger or good; 
service* to the cny of Lawton on me railway (ram Hotoorn Viaduct Baton which will 
be restored bv wont No. I. 

6 . Extondon te tttae tar the Board to pnrarase conpuborfiy certain land or rtgtusmw 
land authorised to be purchased by thenrunder Bte British Railways (Liverpool Street 
StaUon) Ad 1963. 

7. f^ovKftns of a geoaa nature uPtefcaMe to. or In cpnsequMwe te. foe intended An. 
Inrtudftg for repeal or tamnbaait of certain specified enaamenU. 

AND NOTice IS FURTHER GIVEN fort ptans and sections te the propasad wart&md 

plans te foe land which may be purchased or used rampulsorUy under foe power* te the 
intended Ad. with a book te re ft rencs ta those plans, nave been i 

deposuea tar public 

Inspection wnn (he Bemratnnnr. Corporation te the cay te Lomun. rt GidMhan: 
with foe Chief Executive and Town Clerk. Camden London Borough Gountfi'PjCaan- 
den Town Hafi. Euston rt«; and wtih the Borougn SoUdtor. btftgton lAodon Beraogh 
OoandL «t Town Haft. Upper Sired 

On and after 4(h December X9B6 a W w me Bill may be inmfed let the amx* 
jakf ReraaottaoRr. CMefExfiaftraand TownOok and Borpagb touatcra pd jcopy 

toapeoad and cortrateaalniiart the price tegOpoacb at the aeiiat oBlcertBtotLntoifl. 

Hackney Central. Hoiborrt Vtntad and 

Room 106 In the Area Msnagert tenor. Plrttann B. King^ftosB raflwtoftaO*"; « 
ground floor Reception Hall of Harwich House, ^^Yrtjool^weeiridhvfor dfttaLhttoe 
teflcm te Mesirs. Geoffrey Levine & Ol. Softeners, »94 West End Une: and at each te 


Oftedioa ta foe BID may be mototxydcaosttinaaPtritonaqainCiLlffoeBmodgliwta 

to use Hum of Commons, the latest date tar toPoanng a FeUUo n ft Bw Pdrato S3U1 
otnee teUirt Horae wra be jouuamraty t!W7: imi wtanW to ^ Hwta°“nras. U k 

toi« date iw denoamng a PWUen fo me oflko te foe Ctafc of uw »rttomm» ftfort 

House wfflbeOUi February 1987. further f^ theofflev 

te the Gtak te the PteUametes. Horae « Lords, the Prtvnle BW Office te foe House of 

Commons or the undteinentloned Soucuor or PariftRMnury As«<a- 
DATED this 2nd day Of December 1986. 


British RrtTwaya Board 
Metoury Horae 
Mefoury Terrace 
Loudon NWl 6JU 
Bouaior io me Boom 

Queen Anne's Chambcra 

3 Dean Farrar Street 

London SWIH %C 
Partlamentonr Aqsn** 



NFU in 
threat to 

200 years of assaults on Mont Blanc 



By John Young 
A^ricnl tore Correspondent 

The National Fanners* 
Union threatened yesterday to 
blockade British pons from 
next week to prevent imports 
of cattle, and beef carcases, 
from the Republic of Ireland. 

The threat was delivered 
directly to Mr Midtael 
Jopling. Minister of Agri- 
culture, by Mr Simon 
Gouriay, NFU president, as 
they shared a platform at a 
meeting at the Royal 
Smith held Show. 

During the meeting, Mr 
Jopling was bedded and 
jeered by 200 farmers protest- 
ing at low beef prices and at 
the Government's failure to 
obtain a devaluation of the 
green pound. 

As a result of the devalua- 
tion of the punt, Irish export- 
ers now had a price advantage 
of about £34 a head. 

Mr Jopling said later he did 
not think it helped for people 
to take the law into their own 

Terrorism was rife in the 
world and nearly all EEC 
ministers came from countries 
where there had been terror- 
ism, murder, and assassina- 
tion in the last few years. 

“There is too much lawless- 
ness in Europe, and farmers 
should' think very carefully 
indeed before they move into 
that business too, because it is 
undoubtedly infectious.” 

ij ~; y ^- 

•Jijl' -V ' 4 



Frank J ohnson at the Commons 

Demise of Wally 
on point of order 

h-' , c- 

' . « . * *v 

.. - *■? 

I ' * :*! 

rmu , 


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• ,«fr*rV* 5 , 

M * Wjv 3 ^ • . . V • * <■ 

iV*. . . 

• i : 

... * *v 
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• »* • " 
{<*' *L ■' C '* 


S* <-T ii,.** ; » ■ • 


Yesterday's main par- for Hampstead in North 
Kamp nmrv developments in London. For years, he has 
the Wright Memoirs Affair lived in one of those valleys 
were as follows:- and shared the life of the 

Labour members suggested people - mm script writers, 
that Mr Kinnock’S telephone art historians, social services 
might have been tapped. The correspondents. The Number 
Speaker ruled that it was out 24 is the bus that takes them 
of older for one MP to say of from Hampstead to central 
another dial he had acted London and their toil at the 
“with dishonour”. The Attor- wordface. Mr Moore was, 
I ney General, Sir Michael rather brusque with Mr Foot - 
Havers, announced that he obviously suspecting him of 
was not going to resign. Mr only complaining about the 
Dale Campbell -Savours service because the unions 
(Workington. Lab) kept were angry about London 
pointing his finger. The buses going over to single- 
speaker ruled that it was out manning, 
of order when one member Eventually we reached Mr 

called another a “wimp .The Carnpbd 1-Savours and his 
Speaker cfad not say it was out question to Sir Michael 

of order when the same Havers and the Wright Af- 

^ • . * *jy- • - . 

Mr Gouriay denied that be 
as inciting his members to 

was inciting his members to 
break the law. The NFU was 
not opposed to free trade, but 
to discriminatory trade which 
infringed the spirit of the EEC 

Unless the Council of Min- 
isters agreed to a British 
devaluation next week, there 
would be demonstrations at 
tiie ports. * 

But they would not emulate 
their French counterparts in 
taking violent action; they 
would not be turning lorries 
upside down and burning 

Mr Gouriay expressed con- 
fidence that a devaluation of 
the British and French green 
currencies would be agreed at 
next week's meeting in 

Mr Jopling said he was 
hopeful of a settlement and 
that Mr Austin Deasy, the 
Irish Agriculture Munster, 
had been “extremely 

At the meeting, Mr Gouriay 
said that the British beef 
industry was being slowly 


Kv- ’<< •— 

i’t A» - *r 

member called the other a fein ft turned out to be an 
“wally” instead. Many La- anti-cfimax - a mere rep- 
bow membere made it clear etition of Mr Campbell- 
that they intended to rake the Savours’s previous charges, 
matter further. So did many jy[ ot ^ interesting as that 
Conservative members, since commuter riot in Eppine 
the two parties disagreed as to Forest or Mr Foot making a 
what themaner was. Mr nuisance of himself on the 24 
CampbeD-Savours . is ex- bus _ j^e Tories tried to 
pected to resume pointing his Hiangp the subject to Mr 
finger today. It is best to jcinnock’s dealings with the 
begin with transport ques- Australian lawyers persecm- 

tl0 “®- . . _ ing Sir Robert Armstrong. It 

But yesterday ttansport was then that one of them, 
questions were to be foUowed Mr Hickmet, used 
by questions to the Attorney -dishonour’' and had to with- 
GeneraL And the newspapers draw it. 
had said that the Labour . . 

Party, particularly Mr Camp- f La * , ?!r r T me, r^? I Li?^ 
beO-Savours. had difficult Linlithgow, Mr Tam Dalyell - 

questions to pat to the Attor- w ^ 1 9 se * as * appearance in a 
ney GeneraL So a tense ma J° r conspiracy was the 
House sal through such mat- Belgnuw - wantal to know 
tens as Sir John Biggs- “O w the Tones knew about 

G^ :;i ' 


Davison complaining about Mr KiMock’s telephone calls 
his constituents suffering to Australia. He mentioned 

A hazardous moment on an 

^:V. . • • : z'rk&fj. 

The bicentenary of the 
first ascent of Mont 
Blanc, probably the most 
important factor In the 
development of moun- 
taineering as a sport, is 
being celebrated in an 
exhibition opening in 
London today (David 
Sapsted writes). 

Literature, paintings 
and photographs tracing 
200 years of assaults on 
the mountain will go on 
show at the Alpine Onb 
Gallery, Soat- Aodley 
Street, central London, 
until December 13. 

The first ascent in Au- 
gust 1786 by Dr Michel 
Gabriel Paccard, the 
Chamonix village doctor, 
and Jacques Bahnat, a 
local guide and crystal 

hunter, features prom- 
inently in tihe exhibition, 
as does a later con- 
troversy over their ftml 
assault on the summit; 
partly created by the lurid 
account of Alexandre 

However, the question 
of whether Placcard or 
Balmat ever churned the 
five guinea reward offered 
by Thomas Bowdler for 
the first ascent remains 

British and Alpine 
Club involvement in the 
conquest of the mountain 
is also highlighted. 

Colonel Mark Beaufoy, 
who made the fourth as- 
cent, and the first by a 
Briton, earns his place in 
the exhibition. 

south-east face. 

Fowler pledge on violence 

Continued from page 1 
don they make and the real 
dangers they face.” 

Birmingham’s 14 social ser- 
vice centres closed for the 
morning yesterday in tribute 
to Miss Bettridge. 

In London yesterday, 20 
children had to be moved out 
of residential care in Lewi- 
sham, South London, and put 
into private homes or placed 
temporarily with foster par- 
ents, as half the council's 
social workers went on strike 
Over allegedly inadeq uate 
safeguards against violence. 

Three homes closed last 
week and the fourth, 
Westboume Drive, dosed yes- 
terday. Only two of the 
council’s six homes are still 

operating on a skeleton non- 
union staff 

Many of the children aged 
between 11 and 17 are psychi- 
atrically disturbed, some the 
victims of child abuse. 

Lewisham’s assistant direc- 
tor for residential homes said: 
“The children are very dis- 
tressed. Many of them have 
been badly let down by adults 
and this is just reminding 
them of it The dispute has hit 
a very vulnerable group of 

• A social worker feigned 
death with blood pouring 
from knife wounds as the 
attacker who had just raped 
her in her office stood and 
watched, the Central Criminal 
Court in London was told 

ap pallin g delays tha t morning tapping. He was being tapped 
on the Central Line, and Mr to °* “® muttered. Hope so 
Michael Foot complaining *00’ countless Tones were 
about delays by the Number undoubtedly muttering 
24 London bus. under die breath. The 

Sir John is the Conser- Speaker said he would look 
vative member for Epping mto ' L 
ForesL A forest does not on It was Mr Dennis Skinner 
the face of it sound like a who said that the Attorney 
place with enough people to General was a wimp. The 

As the woman, aged 47, lay 
naked and bleeding from the 
throat, chest and back, she 
heard Barrington Sflbum, 
aged 19, say: “I'D wait here for 
10 minutes to make sure you 
are really dead”. 

raise a decent-sized angry Speaker told him to with-, 
mob on a railways platform, draw. He refused. The 

Perhaps they were 
huntsmen and woo 

ggrieved Speaker told him to leave the 
oOcpre- chamber. Another refusal. 

After he left, she put on a 
plastic bin liner, because her 
clothes had been locked in 
another room, and escaped 
through a window. 

Silburn, who committed the 
offence only a month after 
being released from a five-year 
sentence for a sex assault on 
an elderly woman, was re- 
manded for reuons. 

vented from using their an- Eventually, Mr Skinner sub- 
cient right to travel by the stituted wally. The Speaker 
Central Line in exchange for . said the word was o ffensi ve, 
paying scutage to Sir John, but did not insist on Mr 

But constituencies are often Skinner withdrawing, and 
deceptively named. The Ep- hurried on to next business 1 

ping Forest seat also contains amid much Tory dissatisfae- 
thousands of simple-hearted tion at such leniency. 

commuters. Mr. Moore, the What is now needed -in the 

Secretary for Transport, did tradition of those letters to 
his best _ to pacify them the editor which complain of 

through Sir John. 

the loss ofthe fine old English 

Mr Foot, among other word “gay” - is lots of letters 
things, is the member for about the loss of wally. No I 

manded for reports. 

Mr Justice Kenneth Jones 
warned him he faced “a very 
long sentence”, possibly life. 

Blaenau Gwent in South longer can we name ouri 
Wales. The Number 24 children after Wally Barnes, j 

T>. ■. r - 

jT( ;. - - 

London bus can seldom be Wally Hammond, Wally 
relied on to go there. But Uppmaim, or the heroine of 

Criirrtiinllir Iia fAtitL.X T — rr* rv _ 

spiritually he is the member Gatalanf s opera. La Wally. 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh visits the 1986 
Smithfield Show, Earls Court, 

The Duke of Edinburgh at- 
tends the second meeting of the 
Council of British Food and 
Fanning Year, Buckingham Pal- 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother dines at Lincoln’s fan, 
7. 10. 

. The Prince of Wales presents 
the 1986 Willis Faber Manufac- 
turing Effectiveness Awards at 
the Hilton hotel, 3; and as 
Chairman of the Cambridge 
Commonwealth Trust hostsa 
reception for the trust at Ken- 
sington Palace, 7. 

The Duchess of York visits 
the Park Lane Riir, organized by 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,218 

ililHlili ilili 



[ ■ 























M ■ ■ 

•the Forces Help Society and 
Lord Roberts Workshops, Park 
Lane Hotel, 3. 

Princess Anne, President of 
the British Knitting and Codl- 
ing Export Council, visits Mul- 
berry Company (Design) 
Limited, The Street, 
Chilcoinpton, Somerset, 1.35. 

The Duke of Gloucester visits 
foe Locks Heath Shopping 
Centre, Fareham at 10.55 and 
opens the Fareham Leisure 
Centre at 11.45. • 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
presents foe Togs for Toddlers 
Awards at the BBC Studios. 
Pebble Mill, Birmingham, 3.45. 

The Duke of Kent, Vice- 
Chairman of foe British Over- 
seas Trade Board, opens Thorn 
EMFs new Electro Optics Di- 
vision factory at Feftham, 
Middlesex, 11.30. 

The Duchess of Kent 
launches HMS UPHOLDER at 
Vickers Shipbuilding and En- 
gineering LimitecUBarrow-iD- 
Furness, 10. 

Princess Alexandra attends a 
Chopin recital by Alan 
Kflgosowski, in aid of the Help 
Poland Fond, St John’s, Smith 

TV top ten 


C WEATHER warm front wifl move NE across all regions, followed 

^ t by mild southwesterly winds. In England and Wales 

fliere J , 2? fr ? st “ «*" **• N at first but mild chmdy weather will 

spread from the SW during the morning. There will be patches of mainly fight rain 
especially it the W and N. Ja Northern Ireland there will be rain at times ta 

bcotfeiuLafter a frosty start m many parts, wet and windy weather will spread from 

theW. Outlook for tomoiTow and Thursday: Mainly dry in southern Britain, windy 
ra the N with ram at times, generally mild. 

Na tftx ^ tu p^ i iu i u v M^ progTBmiTiegln 
the week ending November 23: 


1 mws/Sul)2a80m 

2 EaatButerg (Tuas/SunJ 2£50m 

3 SE?* YB8ra ■» two Roontes 


4 Howards Way 14.66m 

f P ,a ^a»W | ur3HMl4U>fini 

6 SSS-" - (Sun 2fc55) 


l CNdrenhNwdfRf 2231) 13.65m 

§ J"!*** 1 2131) 13J0m 

» Jwt Good RtondB 1X4 Ur 

to Brusft Strokes 13J5m 

1 BSnd Data LOT ia20m 

2 Coronation Street (Wed) Granada 


3 Coronation Street (Mon) Granada 
16 . 70m 

4 Beadle'a About LOT l4J0m 

5 Butecye Central VL50m 

8 7heA-*aamlTV13JSm 
7 The Eqiiafizar ITV 1&45m 

3 TNs Is Your Ufa Thames 12.80m 

9 The Price Is RJflhtCentreMZSSm 
TO Ful House Thames 12ASm 

1 Fawny Tomas 1t.oosn 

2 Wood - As Soon On TV 

3 Forty Mnutes5J05m 

4 WBmattanal Snooker JSUi)4fi5m 

5 Enurtaksment USA 4TOin 

Square, 7.25. 

Prince Michael of Kent at- 
tends the Castral/IMI Gold 
Medal Award Judges’ luncheon 
at foe Savoy Hotel, 12.30; as 
president, attends a reception of 
the Anglo Hellenic League and 
presents foe Princess Marina 
Memorial Fund donation to foe 
Courtauld Institute, 2 Bekrave 
Square, 6 JO. 

Last chance to see 
Designing and malting: Work 
of school children; Doncaster 
Museum, Chequer Road, Don- 
caster; 10 to 5. 

Wort by Cornish artists; Fal- 
mouth Art Gallery, Cornwall; 10 
to 1, 2 to 4.30. 


University Chamber Choir 
with Lynn Jones & Charlotte 
Ridsdale, conductors; King* 
HaD. Newcastle University 
1 . 10 . 

^Co ncert by Oxford University 
Orchestra: Britten, Requiem: 
Shekfonian Theatre, Oxfbnl: 
8 . 00 . 

Scottish National Orchestra: 
Conducted by Neeme Jdrvi. 

violin C* m m - 

ACROSS 4 Creature with resting place 

1 In short this is foe day to on river (8). 

^ ™ a * 5 0ne (9)- S Republic takes in nothing 

o Model acted for younger but farmers (6). 

brother (5). 6 Polio: are about and impar- 

9 Forty minute job for Robin tial (6). 

in pJihr^Uf- . 7 Bond girl’s neuter disguise 

1® Publication appearing stage (9). 

it * Experience a smack (5). 

11 SSSfa"" V0U! 15 14 SSSL ror * w o f 

12 fsllhmimnn fnr «- n -_^i ’ ' 

12 Submission for an award to c 

ttaughter and niece, perhaps 56 nmner in foe first fif- 

13 Sombre bat done with style 

(Sj. _ 

15 A kiss can be a carrier, they 
say (4). 

19 Original plot? (4). 

20 Does one need leave to do 
this? Yes (8). 

17 New look for examination? 

( 8 ). 

18 A minister's assistant re- 
ceives praise. Cheers! (8). 

21 Do this in arithmetic to rule 

( 6 ). 

22 Cattle county (6). 

5 O HB rto tament USA 

6 Backroacte 4J3Bm 

7 MASH 3.80m 

8 Star Trek 3-7Sm 

.o ffiJSSf® 1 " 1170 " 

The Midlands: MS: Lane 
closures between junctions 6 
and 5 (Waradoa/Rashwood). 
both carriageways affected, di- 
versions in operation. M54: 
Carriageway repairs at junction 
7. (Ciuddely interchange). Ml: 
Northbound carriageway be- 
tween junctions 15 and 16 
dosed between 1 1pm and 5am 
Monday to Thursday. 

The North: Ml: Various lane 
and sfa'p road dosnres between 
junctions 31 and 33 
(Worksop/Rofoerham). M63: 
Major reconstruction wok at 
Barton Bri^e, Greater Man- 
chester, long delays likely at 
peak times. Al: Repairs to Tyne 
Tunnel, delays likely. 

Wales and West: M4: 

I Contraflow between junctions 
16 and 17 

(Swindon/Chippenham). M5: 
Contraflow at junction 14 
(Tbombury), northbound entry 
dip road dosed. AS: Single fine' 
traffic between Gobowen and 
Chirk, temporary lights in use 
all day. 

Scodaud: M8: Contraflow 
operating westbound at Gryfie 
Bridge, all week. A814: Various 
lane closures east and west- 
bound at Oydeside, delays ex- 
pected. A90: Eastbound lane 
closures on Queensferry Road 
between Drun Brae North and 
Maybury Road. 

Infonnatios supplied by AA 




752 AT AM Hr PM HT 

London Mdg» 1J7 7.0 1^2 72 

Abarteon 1256 4.4 1^3 44 ? 

Arow BOtUh 7.14 134 73? 134 • ! fj J 0 

Mfag 1052 8811.16 3.7 ^ 

Cmm 659 1Z3 722 128 V'SpFi FS 

Dmmswrt 5.48 5 S 6.15 5 l6 : ll .Cjrj — 

as. ^ BU S 

sss ss « ,2so « ’mijr** 

Holyhead 1O10 55 1034 58 Mfot 

j« . 008 7.5 6.34 74 3*® 

■tapontw 551 9.4 ai4 9.4 VAsh^ 3 , 

. 2-15 5.7 240 5.7 Vjj J rfil ^ 

Haag 9.7 11^4 as 

9.17 25 9.46 25 0 Iflf 

WHord Hevao 608 72 632 72 | 

"gW 73 522 72 CL. 

9*wn 541 42 558 42 h 

PancaiiM 4.44 5.7 5.11 5.7 iJJrfsii 

PWfcnd 7^5 2.4 781 22 8 

3 SET 11 £ a ns a 

aSsr- ’if. tns a : &K&- 

,a n ** “ L _ 

TW« measured In moires: 1no3,288ttL 

;lo.5r : 

. * ■ • - i 







v ; # 

**■ ** 



BreoMM Ur l w M ai e The average 
weekly figures far auSences at peak 
■"as, (with figures in parardhosis 
showing Iha reach - the number of people 


SunRafn Max 
_ _ hre in C F 

Satao - - 8 46 tea 

Bridtagtao - . 4 39 Ai 

BW1: BnMkfast Tima: Man to Fri 
12m (6.5ai) 

TV-am Good Mkmlwr fittafa Mon to Frt 

tgn^UWni) Sat 3m(?.7m) 

Broadcasters' Awfance Hesaardi Board. 

The pound 

violin Henryk Szeryng; Music 
Hall. Aberdeen; 7.3CL 
Concert byChtibnl University 
Qrchestera, Shekkmian Theatre. 
Oxford; 8. 

Austria Sch 


Finland MUc 
France Fr 

Births: Georges Sen rat, 
painter, creator erf Pomtillisin, 
Fans. 1859; George Minot, phy- 
acian. Nobel laureate 1934, 
Boston, Massachusetts, 1885. 

Deaths: Herrin Cortes, con- 
queror of Mexico, Seville, 1547; 
Gerardos Mercator, cartog- 
rapher, Duisberg, Germany, 
1594; John Brawn, militant 
Abolitionist, executed Charles 
Town, West Virginia, 1859 - 

3 37 cloudy 
6 43 cloudy 






23 The importance of star rat- 23 Walk briskly in Cambridge- 
ing (9). ,in 

shire (5). 

24 Discover poet and knight 25 A household name in foe 

tA tI’ * , orchestral world (5). 

26 To do with water in the « . . 

wme (7). Solution to Pmzle No 17^17 

27 Sweet noise made by actors? 


28 One of an opening pair (5). 

29 Support fo r foe working art- 

Concert by the Vienna Schu- 
bert Trio; Music School. 
Repton, Derby; 7.45. 

The Magic Whistle: by Shiona 
Liddle, music by Rab 
Handleigh; The Nefoerbow Arts 
Centre, 43 High Street Edin- 
burgh; 7. (ends Dec 20). 


1 Long-faced dismissal of 
Cassandra's tidings? ( 9 ). 

2 “j — it said foe 
Carpenter." (Carroll) (5). 

3 Opening for transport? ( 8 ). 


G [3.1=3 E H Cl E 

n hj ns s c rn ra m 

h.s is ra « ra 

ra .. s n os s o 

. eh a s n 


Ira n a ra s is m m 

in n e ® ra n n @ 

burgh; 7. (ends Dei 

Talks, lectures 

■Hy Lire 
Japan Van 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Eac 
Soofh Africa Rd 
Spain Pta 

Yugoslavia Dnr 

Rates far smaS denontinatton bank notaa 
«mjy as suppfied by Baclays Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers' 
cnaoues and othar foreign currency 

St Paul's Cathedral opened, 
16 97. N apoleon was crowned 
p °pe Pius V1L 

Paris. 1804. 



T eigm aoHdi 


- ( SM- 


The Historical Collections of 
the Royal Greenwich Obser- 
vatory: by Janet Dudley; The 
Friends of Rye An Gallery, 107 
High Street Rye; 7.45. 

Effect of Ionising Radiation 

RaMI Prica Indue 3884 

London: Trie FT index dosed 19.7 down 
at 12725. 

on DNA: by Professor MCR 
Symons, FRS; Chemistry Lec- 
! ture Room B. 4. 1 5- 

A.B.C^, Alcohol, Bubbles and 

Cortisone: by Professor P J 
Gregg; Bennett Lecture Theatre 
1 ; 57l 5. (both held at the I 
University of Leicester. j 

Parliament today 

"rooSSSr dally 

aWWSJSte ligU p Stwm real 


7 45 aiaaiy 

7 4S fag 7 
10 50 sum 
10 50 sum 

9 48 brign 

10 50 sunny 

11 52 sunny 
11 52 sunny 
10 50 sum 

fl 43 fog 
10 50 sunny 
10 50 sumy 
9 48 log 
9 48 ctoudy 
9 48 fag 
10 50 sunny 
9 48 dui 
9 48 cloudy 

10 50 dufi 

11 52 doudy 
10 50 doudy 
10 50 due 

5 41 dul 

8 46 doudy 

9 48 dowdy 
8 46 bright 

7 45 awry 

6 43 dourer 
10 50 jttudy 

8 46 duo* 

9 48 doudy 
8 46 doudy 
5 41 bright 

IJ 52 sunny 
5 41 doudy 
10 50 doudy 
8 48 fag 1 


London 4J5 pm to 7.16 am 
Bristol A35 pm to 7.26 an 

Edinburgh 4.13 pm to 752 am 
Manctaafar 4^3 pm to 7.34 an 
Panzanca 452 pm fa 7.32 am 


■^cund !■ -= 

7A6 am 355 pm 

•fcon**"® Moons** 

9.15 am 4.00 om 
First quamr December 8 

BeHa « f 948 Guernsey C1050 
B,rm 9 hwn c 11 52 loverness r 745 
“**pool c 1050 Jersey 11050 
arts** c 1254 London C11S2 
CareSft r 11 52 imcfastar c1152 
Edintair^i r 948 K o w caat la s 1152 
<Ba ^ 0W c 848 R'nkfsaay f 1050 


5^1= ■ 

■■M-S ?■ 

5V4 v 





Coodse Crossword pay 14 

Commons (Z30): Debates on 
Opposition motions on insider 
dealing and on fuel poverty. 
Lords (2.30): Minors* Contracts 
Bill, second reading. London 
Docklands (City Extension) EiU, 
third reading 



but liw must haiv your COTdandcSl 
ZBF.-jnrow Portfolio oaJiw Unc 

- - 10 50 doudy 

- - 12 54 doudy 

0.6 - 11 52 doi^r 

_ ' -07 9 48 rain 

« ^ 12 54 cloudy 

_ ‘ .j® 9 48 Shura 

02 .U 10 50 doudy 

- -12 9 48 rain 

- -18 11 52 ratal 

, ■ ■ 1 g SO cloudy 

5.1 - B 46 sunny 

AkratH s 
AJw-dri a e 
Algtofs f 

e. doud; d, drteda; f. fair; fg. fag: r, ratan 
C F C F 

C F 

17 63 Colog 

16 61 Cp& 

17 63 Corfu 
14 57 Dub* 



8 I 

* g Ffaranc e a 8 48 

?S »a -1 30 

s 6 41 Bfarica* 


S 14 57 Mexico C* 
a 16 61 iHrer 

s. sun: sn, snow; t thuxler. 
C F C 

1 15 59 Rome 
8 17 63 sefcn. 

i, ; 

I IT ra spK- s 13 

tehshoncl ‘Rfluraanot 


Umftnl of 1 VisreHia 

Sa Fie . ’So 


s 20 6^ Maw> 

s 24 75 S 

S 17 ra S 

f 27 ST Seoul 


.? SS §*£** <= 


a 4 38 HVodt 
r 7 45 Nfaa 
f 27 81 Oslo 
f 22 72 Paris 
s 24 75 Pairing 


8 14 57 TtfSSv 
s 21 70 Tanetfle 
8 7 45 Tokyo 
S 15 59 ToroMu* 
c 7 45 Tunis 
c 3 37 Vtfenri' 

jfi'sv " " " 

JEBLm .If*?*"™ aro m- 

S. ? SSRi , 5 al ?S s lh -a “ v W8BWy 

Scouand ug~ 1X4 Pmnn 

ronnino f^rk. aiawwwi 
Tuesday. December 2 . ipse rie» 
| as a newspapM- at the pS£ 

13 “ UMmb a 11 52 Pnm, 

1 8 46 Vane*rar c 

Ch'cfaacft 8 

wnotBS Suiday’s figures are te 

c 19 66 Venice 
* 1 34 vtorem _ _ 
"" s 5 

“ If §9 Wastrton* s 9 

{ H 3 ysf"** s 11 

. [ 25 .77. Zurich (g -2 

ar- for Hamnsiev & 

.in London. F 0r " ... 1 \ : r„ 
JUT lived in on« e '‘^ r ' h*U 
and sha-d v y£ 

led people - Him s!-!!’- ow- 
>ne an historians 

:"he correspondenis. £*2 
oui ^4 is the bus i>, a . •-Y 1, " 1| Hkh 
of from HaraDs;«(. V'-'sh? 
led London and ih ci - :? plH 
•or- wordface. ;v- ^ £ 

lael lather brusqaitt-s.TSf 4 £ 

he ob\ iousK susr-' : '' 

Mr only comolain,'^ 1 ' 51 ? hn^?‘ 
urs sen ice bksu^ V>i£ 
ept were angrv a- aisjJ 
rhe buses going -on®, 
out manning, ' ' ^ Vfl 

Jf* Eventual!’. v - . 

VS CampbeiUSavo'-'/^Ht 

£2 gtest question f. J * 
havers and r r ."-^ 

r a r. 

fair, h ijjmed I ' f'Sni : 

“ w; 

.^ a ~ anti-climax - . 

eiition of ?■.> r ; ;’ e b 
Savours’s .' eTn i>b?i 

. any Not as ini;::-. -nl 
inoe commuter !; *■'; ik 
a J? Fores: or Mr F.„ . ‘ =Ps5 

Mr nuisance of j-:rr •• 

bus. The 7 ‘^‘•*5 

;nts change ihe «_ r 7 i. 

: to Kinaock s c?--~ - 15 'i 

ues ' Australian ; V H 

ing Sir Robsr. ’ '~r K'***- 
P 01 ] was then the- r , 

Mr H 

ms y "dishonou i-. .... --i 
P*^ draw it. 
wur . . 

mp- . * vf *77^ •’..~-~ | r?r . 
icull Lintiihgou. ...- .f- 

ilor- * h ? se ,,35: -r - 
erise major cor?r.- 
« at _ Belgrano - - r & 

how the To; . 

tout Mr wnr..?c ? . . 

•ring 10 A .ustraiia 
nirc, lapping, hr : 

1 Mr t0 ° p -~ --'••• 
nine, 10 °- 

under if. 
owr- Speak.- *2 

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ke a 

si :J 

ie fo 

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druA. ri: 

• - :: 

Spttk.T'. ■. • 


r an- 

' -V 

£ ihS 

S'.iiU’.J ’ 

!iJT ' 

to hr.. bu’. d - 
uitea SLrn.’ 

- civ hum:- • :. 
iiaias smid ” - 
arted fercai*-. 
-. the Vina: •■• 

_ did trsdiHoi 
then* thee;;:!; 1 ? 
itr: tens • 

EJ across all r. 
fllv In E—- - 
but mild c.' 
ie patches 
i! will b«r ru 
wealh : 

£ry ’ 


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frrv- ■;- 

Vi r^. 

r-. ^ 


i j 






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. . «as-*#- 3 

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“ v a* ' " 

_ f ^ ./ BT'-j--- 1 - 

‘ ft 

l. I /: *?.r: 


r •!• ,4 ;; 

» r^v-- 

*" , ■ ..a Aj-t> 







Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 


FT 30 Share 
1272.5 (-19.7) 

FT-SE 100 
1617.8 (-18.9) 

29647 (26875) 

USM (Datastream) 
129.19 (+0.16) 


US Dollar 
1.4375 (-0.0020) 

W German mark 
2.8233 (-0.0075) 

67.9 (-0.2) 

Motors chief 

The resignation of Mr H 
Ross Perot was announced by 
the board of General Motors 
Corporation yesterday as part 
of a controversial $700 mil- 
lion (£489 million) plan to buy 
back his shares in settlement 
of a bitter dispute between the 
Texas billionaire and Mr 
Roger Smith, chairman of 
General Motors. 

The announcement ended 
weeks of rumours that the 
feud between Mr Smith and 
Mr Perot had escalated to the 
point where they were no 
longer speaking. Mr Smith 
was reportedly incensed by Mr 
Perot's outspoken criticism of 
the giant car company, which 
he described as “obsolete" and 
“out of touch with the market 

Mr Perot joined GM in 
1984 in one of the biggest 
mergers m American history. 
GM agreed to pay $1S billion 
for Mr Perot's company. Elec- 
tronic Data Systems Corpora- 
tion. in an ambitious effort by 
Mr Smith to push the car 
company into “Ihe 21st 
century.” He planned to use 
the latest technology to build 
factories of the fixture and 
produce a small car profitably 
in the US. 

Polly Peck up 

Polly Peck, the fruit growing 
and electronics company in 
Turkey, announced a prelimi- 
nary pretax profit up 15 per 
cent to £70 million on turn- 
over up 33 per cent to £274 
million for the year to August 
30. The dividend was in- 
creased by 28.6p to 6.75p. 

Tempos, page 22 

Profit setback 

Chamberlin & HSU, the 
foundries and electrical en- 
gineering company, saw a fell 
to £192,000 in pretax profits 
for the six months to Septem- 
ber 30, against £202,000 in the 
same period last year. The 
interim dividend is I.4p. 

£16.5m help 

The Overseas Development 
Administration announced a 
£16.5 million grant to Sri. 
Tanka yesterday to help fi- 
nance the Samanala Wewa 
hydro-electric project and sup? 
port £66 million of contracts 
awarded to Balfour Beatty 
Construction International, 
GEC Turbine Generators and 
Sir Alexander Gibb and 

Wound up 

Grovebell Group was com- 
pulsorily wound up in the 
High Court after the 
company’s application for an 
adjournment was refused. 

Shock DTI inquiry wipes £3 30m off drinks group 

Shares hit 
by Guinness 

Shares in Guinness went 
down sharply yesterday after 
the announcement that the 
.Department of Trade and 
Industry has appointed 
inspectors to investigate the 
affairs of the company. 

At one point £330 million 
was wiped off the market 
capitalization of Guinness as 
the shares plummetted from 
331p to a low of 291 p, while 
19 million Guinness shares 
changed hands. Mr Ernest 
Saunders, the chairman, was 
unavailable for comment 

The shares later recovered 
to dose at 298p — a fell of 33p 
on the day representing about 
one-tenth of its market 

The market was stunned by 
the announcement which took 
everyone, including Guinness 
itself, completely by surprise. 
The DTI was inundated with 
calls from stockbrokers and 
merchant banks, anxious for 
any further news. 

“We have absolutely no 
idea what is going on,” com- 
plained one London broker. 
“What advice can we give to 
our clients?". 

By Lawrence Lever 

James Capel, _ the ^ stock- 
broker, was advising clients to 
sell, while Casenove, the bro- 
kers to the company, said that 
h had no news itself on the 
DTI investigation. 

There was strong feeling 
among brokers and market- 
makers that either more 
information should be pro- 
vided on the reason for the 
DTI inquiry or alternatively 
that G uinness shares should 
be suspended. 

One anxious shareholder 
said: “T tried to sell with a limit 
of 295p on the selling price. 
My brokers said they couldn't 
do it". 

Stock market 



Speculation in the market 
about the reason for the 
investigation largely centred 
on two possibilities. 

Some brokers thought that 
the investigation had been 
prompted by alleged irregular- 
ities in the successful 
Guinness bid for Arthur Bell, 
the whisky group, early last 




Co News 2X24 

Comment 23 
Futures an4 
Options 23 

Stock Market 23 


Money Mrkts 24 
Foreign Exch 24 
Traded Opts 24 

Untt Tresis 26 
Commodities 26 
USM Prices 26 
Share Prices Z7 

However the more likely 
cause for the investigation is 
that it has been triggered by 
the information that the 
American Securities and Ex- 
change C ommissio n has been 
giving the DTI on the activ- 
ities of Mr Ivan Boesky. the 
disgraced American 


A DTI spokesman refused 
to comment on this sugges- 
tion, as did Mr Boeksy's 
lawyer, Mr Theodore A 

However, the DTI 
announcement of the in- 
vestigation incorporated a ref- 
erence to provisions of the 
Financial Services Act which 
were bought into force on 
midnight last Thursday. 

These provisions allow the 
DTI to pass information gath- 
ered as a result of a company 
investigation to the SEC, and 
other regulatory bodies. 

They go further than the 
memorandum of understand- 
ing signed recently by the DTI 
and the American regulatory 
authorities. According to the 
DTL the memorandum of 
understanding alone would 
not allow information gath- 
ered as a result of a Com- 
panies Act investigation to be 
disclosed to the SEC. 

A spokesman for the Stock 
Exchange said that the DTI 
was free to instigate any 
inquiry it considered fit with- 
out reference to the Exchange. 

He said also that as part of 
the normal monitoring pro- 
cess the surveillance staffhad 
examined activity in the 
shares of Arthur Bell at the 
time of the Guinness bid last 
year. However, no action was 
taken. Similar ly, no action 
was taken after the Guiness 
bid for Distillers. 





■ By Richard Thomson 

Banking Correspondent 

Worries that the involve- 
ment of Standard Chartered 
Wq nt 3 the htmnliinal bank- 
ing crony, ica the affairs of Tan 

Sri Khoo Teck Puat, the 
Singapore businessman, conld 

affect the hank's profits 

continued to mount in the City 

Stockbrokers were rerising 
do wn wa r ds their esti mates for 
Standard's year-end profits m 
the expectation that henry 
provisions will have to be 1 
made against loans to Tan Sn 

Mr Tim Clarke, banking 
analyst for Scrimgeonr 
Vickers, the broker, 
sa id: u Stai^ard Chartered is 
ooe of the biggest hanks in the 
Far F***- Its exposure to Tan 
Sri Khoo, his family and the 

National Bank of Brunei could 
well be over £100 mUliqn, 
although we cannot be certain. 

“Even if it were consid- 
erably less than that, pro- 
visions of some £10 million 
agamd possible bad debts on 
the loans wonld seem 

Scrimgeonr had been 
ttimitim; a year-mid pretax 
profit of £280 milliog for 
Standard, but now expects 
nearer £270 mfltiou after extra 
bad debt provisions. 

Tan Sri Khoo res 

week as a director of 

w ithin days of his son's arrest 
by the Brunei authorities on 
charges of Grand relating to the 
National Bank of Brunei. His 
son is chairman of the bank, 
which was 90 per cent-owned 

by the Khoo family. 

Tan Sri Khoo, who owns 
jest over 6 per cent of Stan- 
dard, was m London last week, 
sparking speculation that he 
was looking for a buyer for his 


: the company by surprise 

Speculation sent Standard's 
shares op 8p yesterday from 

Profit at 

By Cliff Fehham 

As the battle for control of 
AE enters its final phase, the 
engineering group yesterday 
released profit figures which 

suggest it is performing well 

without outside offers of help. 

The company made £29 
milli on pretax last year, £1 
milli on more than forecast, 
and a 13 per cent increase on 
the previous year. Sales were 
up 2.4 per cent to £392 
million. This reflects the num- 
ber of activities shed over the 
past year or so. 

The results show figures 
after redundancy and related 
costs of £6.1 million, and 
include benefits of a pension 
hohday which total £3.5 mil- 
lion. Earnings per share are up 
from 18. Ip to 21p. 

The company's policy of re- 
focussing its activities outside 
Britain — because the car-parts 
market is past its best at home 
- is paying off, with overseas 
jaipg r unnin g at 60 per cent of 
the total France, Germany, 
Italy and South Africa, made 
profits of £3.1 milli on against 
losses of £4.4 million 

But, inevitably, sharehold- 
ers will be more concerned 
with who nuts AE in the 
future. The unwanted bid 
from Turner & Newall which 
now speaks for 42 per cent of 
the company, closes on Fri- 
day, and the asbestos giant is 
forced to wait cm the sidelines 
while the chosen suitor, Hol- 
U&. continues to increase its 
holding through stock market 
purchases. It had a 26 per cent 
stake at the last count 

Battered and confused after 
a six-month siege, AE 
shareholders could do worse 
than sell in ihe market The 
Hollis offer is worth 280p and 
with AE shareholders able to 
keep their 5.3p dividend there 
is strong logic for selling, 
particularly as the shares have 
doubled tins year. 

Tenpus, page 22 

Court rules 
for Norton 

By Alexandra Jackson 

The Appeal Court yesterday 
removed the final obstacle in 
Norton Opax’s path in its 
quest for control of fellow 
printer, McCorquodak. The 
court cleared Norton Opax 

from the suggestion that it had 

broken the Takeover Panel’s 
rules during its battle for 

McCorq nodale. 

Last month, the panel re- 
jected a complaint that Nor- 
ton Opax’s underwriters had 
been acting in concert during 
the bid. However, Pro Bache, 
acting for a management 
buyout team at McCorquo- 
dale. sought a judicial review 
on the panel's ruling. 

It had been suggestedthat 
the Kuwait Investment Office 
(KIO), one of Norton Opax s 
“core underwriters," classified 
as a concert party because^* 
had a vested interest m the bia 
succeeding. Pro Bache sug- 
gested KIO should not have 
bean able to buy McCorquo- 
dale shares at a pnee higher 
than the value of the bid 

Norton Opax’s chairman, 
Mr David Rocklin, raid yes- 
terday: “We are obviously 
quite pleased with this de- 
cision. We are now aWe to 
take proper control of the 
McCorquodale business. 

Norton Opax yesterday re- 
ported pretax profits for tne 
six months to September up 
to £2.6 mill 

21 percent 

Tempos, page 22 



New York 
Dow Jones — •» 

Nikkei Dow 

Hong Kong: 

Hang Seng ----- 

Amaefdam: Gao 

r. AO 

Commerzbank .- 

Paris; CAC 
Zurich: SKA Gen 
London: FT. A ™ 

FT. Gilts 

dosing prices 


18307.98 (-1752) 

2452.15 (+33.40) 

2845 (+0-1 

13855 (+6-1) 

20735 (+2-1) 


81.13 (-0.6Z) 
Page 27 

London: Bank 





E: SI. 4375 
£: DM2.8233 
p- Swfr2.3o10 
E: FFr9.2503 
£: Yen233.l6 
£: lndex:67.9 
ECU £0.738779 

New York: 


S: DM1.9655 , 
$: SwFrl .6375 
& FFr 6 . 437 a 
Yen 162-23* 
$: lndex- 1 09-7 
SDR £n /a 

main price changes 



Tiftwry Group 

Western Motor ‘A’ — 1 
Sam nelson 1 

Wm. Coffliw ~ 

Saatchi & Saatarii 

■ 51 « 






_ 146p 
-m I85p 


Guinness . 


Grand Mot 

Nash Inds. 

BPB Inds. .. 

Oxford Inst 

po»y p«* 

Prices areas at 4pm 

London Fixing: 

close $391* 


north sea oil 

‘Plastic cash’ 
scheme agreed 


before being extended- The 

Plans for a new_ electronic 
payment system using plastic 
cards in shops, which could 
eventually replace most pur- 
chases by cheques and cash, 
were announced yesterday by 
the high street banks. 

The 12 clearing 

members of the Association 
Payment Clearing Services, 
hopetbe scheme, called Elec- 
tronic Funds Transfer at Point 
of Sale (Efiposh.wiD enable 
banks to issue their own cards 
bnl, like the cheque system, 
any card will be accep table at 
any retailer within the system. 

It will start as a pilot scheme 
in three, as yet im-named, 
areas with the aim of installing 
2,000 Eftpos terminals in re- 
tail outlets by 1988. 

The pilot scheme will estab- 
lish standards for the national 
system and allow it to he tested 

national scheme is designed to 
allow as much flexibility to 
members as possible. 

Banks wiD be free to develop 
their own systems inside the 
framework of the main system 

and offer any extra “value 
added” services they choose. 
Rank* which choose to 
“devolve” from the central 
operation will be able to instel 
and sup port their own termi- 
nals in retail outlets. 

There still seems to be no 
agreement on who should pay 
for the introductio n and 
maintenance of the system, 
which is likely to prove 

Membership of the Eftpos 
system will be open to any 
pnanwai institution meeting 
the required criteria. 

£M3 rise above target 

The broad measure of the higher than a year earlier 

The broad measure of the 
money supply, £M3, rose by 
0 J per cent n» Octob er after 
goocMwal adjustment. Tlis 
puts growth in broad money 
183 per cent higher than a 
wear earlier, and above the 
- t target of 11-15 pw 
cent, writes Rodney Ixnd, 
Economics Editor. 

The narrow measure & 
money, M0, was unchanged in 
October, putting it 43 pa 1 con 

than a year 

against Hs target range of Z-o 


Among the components of 
£M3, iwtes airil coin rose by 
£600 million for the month. 

Money apply growth in the 
12 months to October: M0, up 
42) per cent; Ml, ap 233 per 
cent; NIBM1, up 113 per 
cent £M3, up 183 per 
PSLL, up 18.1 per cent; PSL2 
np 153 per cent 




By Derek Harris, 
Indnstrial Editor 
Coventry CKmax, the fork 
lift truck maker which called 
in receivers two months ago, 
has been rescued by K alm ar 
Industries which with about a 
30 per cent share dominates 
the world market in heavy- 
weight lift trucks. K alm ar is 
part of the Swedish state- 
owned company Procordia. 

It means about 500 jobs at 
the Coventry Climax factories 
at Coventry are safe, with 
Kalmar planning to inject £3 

US clamp on insider deals 

Congress is prepared to 
bring in tough laws that would 
increase prison terms for in- 
sider trading and severely 
limit corporate takeovers fi- 
nanced by debt, according to 
Senator William Pro xmire , 
new chairman of the powerful 
Senate Ranking Co mmi ttee. 

He said present market 
conditions were like “the 
nightmare of the 1920s" and 
told The Times ±bx he intends 
to push legislation to the 
Senate floor early in the new 
year. Hearings will begin in 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 

January, after the new Demo- takeovers and broader powers 
cratic-controiied Congress 
takes office. The star witness 
will be Mr Ivan Boesky. The 
House has similar plans, he 

said- ... -« 

The new legislation will 
almost certainly include, for 
the first time, margin require- 
ments for junk bonds, larger 
penalties for insider trading 
offences with both companies 
and individuals being held _ 
responsible, limits on 
greenmail, more extensive 
disclosure requirements for 

for the US Securities and 
Exchange Commission. 

In addition, Congress will 
direct the Reagan Administra- 
tion to work closely with other 
governments to extend these 
strengthened powers beyond 
US markets. 

There is great concern in 
both houses of Congress that 
insider trading is epidemic 
and that the wave of corporate 
takeovers financed by debt is 
undermining the US econ- 
omy - Foil interview, page 25 


Kalmar Climax 

milli on in equity to get the 
operation back on its feet 

Coventry Climax, once part 
of British Leyland, called in 
receivers Price Waterhouse 
because of a cash crisis after a 
fire at its headquarters. In its 
last full year it had succeeded 
in bringing in a profit for the 
first time in a decade. 

The Climax and Kalmar 
range of fork lift tracks are 
essentially complementary. 
The new company will be 
responsible for sales of Kal- 
mar products in Britain. 

Kalmar Climax, as the new 
company will be known, is 
expected to generate sales of 
about £25 million a year. 

‘Deliver by hand’ advice to applicants 

It’s the last gasp for gas 

.. « i than, until cmuid DOS' 

By Richard Lander , 

The organizers of the Brit- 
ish Gas flotation have said 
they can make no promises to 
accept applications which ar- 
rive in the post after 
tomorrow’s 10 am final 

The warning to potential 
investors who were thinking 
of posting their applications 
today came as the number of 
forms received at centres 
around the country ap- 
proached the 3 million mark. 

A surge of applications to- 
day will be needed to take the 
number beyond the 5 million 
received for the TSB float in 
November. . „ . 

Mr Anthony Alt, of the 
merchant banters N M Roth- 
schild, which is organizing the 
£5.6 billion sell-oS; said that 
all efforts had been made to 
avoid the need for forms to be 
posted today. 

Applications can be lodged 
by band at any branch of 

National Westminster Bank, 
Rank of Scotland or Ulster 
Bank until the end of business 
today. Counters at 32 receiv- 
ing centres, six in London and 
the rest spread around the 
United Kingdom, also will 
remain open until the 10 am 
deadline tomorrow. 

British Gas 
must be 
in by 10 am 

' “Having done all this and 
encouraged people to use first- 
class post by yesterday, we 
can't really make any guar- 
antees if people post their 
forms today but they don't get 

there until second post 
tomorrow,” said Mr AH. 

On the pro-issue “grey 
marker British Gas shares 
ended trading yesterday at 
around 60p, a I0p premium 
on the partly-paid issue pace. 
Initial enthusiasm after bull- 
ish comment in the Sunday 
newspapers pushed the shares 
up to 64p but they fell back in 
line with the sharp drop in 
shares prices on the Stock 
Exchange. . .. 

It emerged also that individ- 
ual investors who telephoned 
grey-market dealers were be- 
ing quoted far wider spreads 
than institutions. 

One dealing firm, Cleveland 
Securities, offered a buy-sen 
spread of 59-44p for individ- 
uals yesterday against 60-63p 
for larger clients. Mr Stanley 
Bellar, a director of Cleveland, 
said the company lost money 
on small transactions and was 
trying to discourage 

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Thp Dkot cH Tbw £ tew PU: nun* anmap* 

Turner & 

Newall plc 




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287 P 





1T»vaiiiKOiW^«Bte5edwiliBP^itfi M P^l“ rTOSf ^i mt> r^ s ^^ 3 ^ pm 'On iaPetCTllg; ^~ 

Offers for 
tower fail 

New York (AP-Dow Jones) 
— Tbe Exxon Corporation and 
Rockefeller groups have re- 
jected as too low all the bids 
they received on the Exxon 

building — the midtown office 

tower they jointly own. 

, Exxon said that negotfar 
dons were continuing, and 
that it probably would sell tbe 
53-storey building by the end 
of the year because of the new 
law which will impose a higher 
capital gains tax from January 

Exxon declined to say how 
many offers it had received. 

Property industry sources, 
however, said that Shuwa 
Investment, a Japanese com- 
pany, was the highest bidder, 
offering about $550 million. 

Other bidders were said to 
indude Equitable Life Assur- 
ance Society of the US, 
Prudential Insurance Co of 
America and Sumitomo Life 

VSEL breaks surface 
with profits of £7m 

More than! 1,500 first-time 
shareholders have become £4 
million richer since they 
bought shares in their own 
company last March. 

About 80 per cent of 
employees, mostly in Barrow 
and Birkenhead, entered into 
die buyout erf the old Vickers 

They were part of a con- 
sortium which raised more 
than £75 million to buy VSEL 
out of the state controlled 
British Shipbuilders group. 

Yesterday, VSEL, which has 
the bulk of the work for 
Britain’s trident nuclear 
powered submarine pro- 
gramme, dwnlqf ind its wmiripn 
set of interim profits as a 
privately owned concern — 
and tbe Stock Market gave 
them a warm welcome. 

By John Bdl, City Editor 

After the news that pretax 
profits reached £7.02 million 
in the six months to Septem- 
ber 30, VSEL shares climbed 
rapidly from 160p to touch 
181p in late trading. 

Employees and their fam- 
ilies bought shares at prices up 
to£l in March, and when they 
made their debut on the Stock 
E xchang e and during the sim- 
mer the price opened at more 
than 150 per share. 

Because the VSEL interests 
have been restructured during 
the privatization there were 
no worthwhile comparative 
figures available for 
yesterday’s interim profits. 

But analysts who looked at 
VSEL when the shares were 
introduced to the Stock Ex- 
change say that profits were 

Sir David: Greater rotarne, 
better overheads recovery 
considerably better than 

Sir David Nicolson, the 
chairman, said that the in- 
terim profits showed generally 
satisfactory progress. “The 
improvement arises from in- 

creased volume of of work 
leading to better recovery of 
overheads. Tbe group's cash 
position and interest costs 
havebeen better than 
budgeted,” he added. 

Dr Rodney Leach, the chief 
executive, said that the group 
had entered into leasing 
arrangements involving £50 
million of assets, part of the 
Trident facility at Barrow, 
which would reduce interest 
costs by about £15 milium 
over the next 10 years. 

Dr Leach added that the 
group had outstanding work 
worth £1 billion, mostly far 
the Ministry of Defence. 

The City is now looking for 
full year profits in the region 
of £13.5 million which would 
leave the shares still looking 


Dow drops 21 points 
in early trading 

New York (Agencies) - 
Stocks fed sharply in active 
early trading — with Mae chip 
issues leading the way down. 

Prices were influenced by a 
weak bond market ami by 
stock tidy* 1 felines trading at 
a wide discount to the cash 

Tbe Dow Jones industria l 
average was soon down by 
21.65 points to 1,89238 and 
tbe transportation index by 
&63 to 83728. The utilities 

index was 145 lower at 

Declines ted advances by 
four to one on a votrnne of 15 
million shares. 

IBM feQ l ] s to 126, General 
Electric IK to 81%. but 
Cbesebroogh, which is bei „ 
pursued by American Brands, 
increased by 2>a to 67 s s. 

Meanwhile, tbe New York 
Stock Exchange industrial in- 
dex feD by 1.94 to 16249. 







58% 58% 
36% 35% 

ASM Steal 41% 41% 
ASedStre 66 64% 

AHsCftknra Z% 2ft 

Atom 34ft 34% 
Amaxlne 13K 12% 

AmTtfelHs 22% 22% 
Am Brands 44% 46 
Am Can 84% as% 
AmCyrwi'd 81% 81% 
AmBPw 29% 29ft 
Am Express 57ft 57ft 
Am Homs 80% 80% 

Am Motors 3% 3% 

AmSTnnl 43ft 43% 
AmTflfepti 27% 27% 
Amoco 67% 67% 
Armoo Steel S% 5% 

Asarco 15% 14% 
Ashland CM 57ft 57% 
AtFVcMMd GO 59% 
Avon Prods 30 29% 

BfcrsTstNY 44% 43% 
Bankamr 15% 16% 
Bk of Baton 42% 42% 

Bank of NY 38% 37ft 
Beth Steel 5ft 5% 

61% 50% 

61% 61% 
Brian 52 52 

Bg Warner 39% 39 

BnstMyws 78ft 79ft 
BP 39% 40 

BurT ton tad 38% 38% 

Button NM 61% 61% 
Burroughs nla n/a 
CmptoafSp Soft 60% 
CanPacMc lift lift 
Catenate 39% 39X 
Catenesa 341 240% 

Central SW 35% 35% 
Champion 33% 33% 
Chats Man 36% 36M 

ChmBkNY 44ft 44% 
Chevron 47ft 46% 
Ctayster 39% 38% 

Cftfcorp 52 51% 

Ctafc Equip 20% 20% 

Coca Cola 36% 38% 
Colgate 44% 46 
CBS 134% 134% 
CtatttoGas 44% 44% 
CMb'tnEna 33X 32% 
GomwWiS 33% 33% 
ConsBSs 48ft 49% 
Cn Nat Gas 34 33% 

Cons Power 16 16 

CnWDtoa 25% 25% 
COmteGI 55% 54% 
CPC tnB 79% 79% 

Crane 36% 36% 
Curtiss Wit 52% 53 
Dan & Kraft n/a n/a 
Deere 23% 23% 
Data Air 46% 49% 
Detroit Ed ia% 18 
Distal Eq 103% 104% 
Disney 43% 43% 
DavCham 59 58% 

Dresser Ind 19% 19% 

Duke Power 48% 48% 
DuPont 89% 89% 
BstemAIr n/a n/a 
Estm Kodak 67% 68% 
Eater Coro 77% 77 
EmeraonB 87% 67% 
ExxonCorp 69% 69% 
Fed Dot Ss 88% 87% 
• Blfe.lAUBd.CExt 





firestone 27% 27ft 
Fst Chicago 32% 32% 
FattatBncp 53% 53ft 
fatPemC 9% 9ft 
Ford 58% S8ft 

FTWacfwa 38% 36% 
OAF Carp 40% 40% 
GTE Carp 61% 60ft 
GenCorp 84ft 83ft 
OenDVmcs 74 74 

Gan decide 83 83% 

Can test 18% 18% 
Gen MBs 44% 44% 
Gen Motors 73% 73 

GflPbUtny 23% 24 
Genesco 3% 3% 

Georgia Pac 39% 39% 

GBete 48% 48 
Goodrich 44% 44% 

Goodyear 43% 43% 
Gould Inc 18% 19 

Grace 52% 52% 
GtAHSTac 24% 24% 
GrTted 33% 33 
GrunanCor 28% 28ft 
GutfAWsat 68 67ft 
Heinz HJ. 40% 41% 
HSfCUlBS 57% 56% 

HTett-Ptod 43% 44% 
Honeywell 72% 71% 
1C ten 25% 25% 
ingereoK 57ft 57% 
kwrel Steal 19 19% 

IBM 127% 128% 

MCO 12% 12% 
bit Paper 76ft 76% 
hit Tel Tel 54% 54% 
kvtegBank 49ft 49% 
Jtin«' 68% 69% 
KMorAbm 14% 14% 

Kerr McGee 29ft 29 
Kmb'NCbk 85% 84% 
KMart 50% 50 
31% 31% 

Lucky fibs 


1 % 1 % 

82% 82% 

55 55% 

31% 31% 

45% 45% 
MsnvHeCp 2% 2% 

Mapco 56 56 

Marine Mid 46% 46 
MrtMteMta 43% 43 
Masco 27ft 27% 
McDonalds 63ft 64 
MCDanneB 79% 78% 

Mead 57% 58% 
Merck 110% 110% 
MteSteMig 112 113 

MdMOl 39% 39% 
Monsanto 81% 80 
Morgan JP. 85% 85% 
Motorola 38ft 38% 

NCR Carp 48% 48% 
NLIndstra 5% 4% 

Nat Distlrs 46% 45ft 
Nat Med Era 24% 24% 
Natsmcndt lift lift 
Norton Sth 84ft 64% 
NWBanap 38% 38% 
OcekJntPBt 28% 28% 
Ogden 45% 45% 
OfcCorp 44% 44 
Owens* 48% 46% 

Pac Gas B 26ft 25% 

Pan Am 5% 5% 

Penney J.C. 82ft 82 
Ftemzoi 71% 71% 
Pepteco 27% 28 
LtBlt:MatoCWMC.i l tei UlMI . pSfeC* 




PPG hid 














21 % 


10 % 









Scott Paper 
Sears RbCk 
Shefl Trans 





s as? 

Sui Comp 
Texas ECor 
Texas teat 
Texas Utlte 
Tta«lre Cor 
TRW tec 
UAL tec 
Un Carbide 
Un Pac Cor 
Utd Brands 
USX Caro 
Unocal 28 

Jte) Walter 48 
WmorLmOt 57% 
WbUb Fargo 105% 
Ws^tseB SS% 
Wayerti'sar 39% 
Whirlpool 71% 









111 % 





















Xerox Coro 80% 
Zentti 20% 

63 ft 
21 % ' 

20 % 


26% 26% 
Alum 42% 42% 
AlgomaSU 11% 12 
Cen Pacific 16% 16 
Oomteco 13% 19% 
ConBathrat 28 28ft 
Hkr/SktCan 26% 26% 
HdsnBMtn 24% 24ft 
32% 33ft 
Imperial « 46% 46% 

taPtoe 39% 39ft 
Ryl Truster 29% 29ft 
Seaward 37% 87% 

Steel Co 19ft 20 
ThmsnN'A' 30 28% 

VStyCmp 2J30 270 
WCT 13 13% 

30% 30 % 


Scrap Sizewell plans and go 
coal-fired, urges Labour 

The Labour Shadow Energy 
spokesman, Mr Stanley Onne, 
yesterday called on tbe 
Government to abandon its 
plans to build the Sizewell 
pressurized water cooled 
nuclear reactor in Suffolk and 
place an immediate order for a 
series of coal-fired power 

Britain was still one of the 
few countries in the indus- 
trialized world with an energy 
crisis, although it had vast coal 
reserves. North Sea oil and 
large deposits of natural gas, 
he told the Goal Industry 

He said that tbe long- 
delayed report on the Sizewell 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

reversing any approval for the 

He said: “We know there is 
likely to be a shortage of 
electricity in the next decade 
in the South and the South- 
west and that the national grid 
is not able to take the 40 per 
.cent surplus power available 
from Scotland. 

“What is needed are new 
coal-fired stations with tbe 
latest technology.” 

Mr Orme added that the 
cross-Channel link, designed 
to transfer power between the 
two countries in times of peak 
demand was now being used 

Stanley Onne: build 
new power stations 

project was due this month , 
but Labour was committed to 

solely to import cheap base- 
load power from Prance. 

Better Eurolinks demanded 

Stockholm (Reuter) — 
Western Europe must tear 
down barriers between na- 
tional telecommunications 
to avoid its economy 
behind the United 
States and Japan, a group of 
industrialists said yesterday. 

The Round Table of Euro- 
pean Industrialists said in a 
report that construction of 
good trans-European tele- 
phone and data communica- 
tion networks was as critical as 
the building of railways 100 
years ago. 

The industrialists, who in- 
clude the heads of Siemens, 
Fiat, Gba-Geigy, Volvo and 
other large companies, said 
their businesses .were being 
hurt by what they described as 
a serious lack of coordination 
between European 

telecommunication a gpnries. 

Demand for data, informa- 
tion and text traffic was 
growing by 40 per cent a year 
in some companies and tele- 
communications would ac- 
count for 7 per cent of 
Europe's gross domestic prod- 

uct in the year 2000 against 2 
percent today, tbs report said. 

It added that, although 
European countries mi ght 
have good domestic telephone 
systems, bad communications 
between nations were hinder- 
ing efforts to expand the 
continent’s economic growth 
through a barrier-free internal 

“Europe as a whole is, at a 
critical moment, in danger of 
losing its edge (in 

telecommunications),” the 
industrialists said. 

( TEMPUS ~~) 

Prospects of better 
ma r gins at Norton 

With the Appeal Courtnilmg 
in its favour, Norton Opax 
can return to running com- 
parHPQ — qompthinp at which, 
it cfajms to be good Improv- 
ing the performance of 
McCorquwfale is a challenge, 
bat it should not prove 
unduly daunting. 

Tbe main Norton Opax 
business is faring well; there 
was underlying growth of 10 
per cent in the first half Net 
marg ins improved by one 
percentage point to 7 per 
cent, benefiting from several 
disposals last year. 

The trading position is 
strong, with every likelihood 
of tbe group beating the £5.8 
milli on forecast for tbe year 
to March 1987, made during 
the bid. With McCorquodale 
included for four months, 
profits of about £11 million 
are likely. 

Looking further ahead, sec- 
urity printing remains the 
jewel in the crown. Norton 
Opax’s own business is grow- 
ing so fast that it has moved 
into a new factory. 

Now, with a combined 
market share in cheque print- 
ing of 43 per cent, the future 
looks bright. Even if tbe one 
customer shared by both 
businesses wanted to shop 
elsewhere, the maximum loss 
of market share would be 
only 4 per cent 

More important, now that 
Norton Opax can get through 
the door at McCorquodale, it 
can solve the mystery as to 
why margins on cheque prim- 
ing were so small and set 
about improving them. This 
should widen 

McCorquodale’s margins by 
several percentage points. 

The rest of Norton Opax’s 
business is operating well, 
although in more competitive 
markets. Growth there will be 
steady rather than 

The combined balance 
shed will contain about £60 
million of debt, or a gearing 
ratio of 90 per cent This will 
be too high even for Norton 
Opax. The strategic disposal 
of assets, probably from 
McCorquodale’s overseas 
portfolio, will raise most of 
the necessary funds: In the 
tr to the end of March 
38, the combined group 
should make £27 million. 
Earnings per share at 14.6p 
represents no dilution of 
Norton Opax’s earnings. 

The shares are not expen- 

sive and should at last be free 
to perform now that the 
major takeover uncertainty 
has been removed- However, 
Norton Opax will not con- 
tinue to be active on the 
corporate front. 


Mr Robert Maxwell’s Hollis 
Group inched closer towards 
victory yesterday in the fierce 
tug-o- war for control of en- 
gineering group AE with a 
stock market raid lifting his 
stake in the company to just 
over 26 per cent 

Mr Maxwell, through his 
merchant bankers Morgan 
Grenfell, paid 285.3p a share 
for a block of 3 million AE 
shares yesterday to add to the 
2.3 milli on he picked up late 
on Friday. 

He seems certain to move 
back into the market today. 

AE is supporting the take- 
over bid from Hollis and 
urging its shareholders to 
.reject a rival bid from the 
asbestos giant Turner and 
NewalL Its offer doses on 
Friday and so far, it has won 
acceptances of 11 per cent to 
add to the near 30 per cent it 
acquired from its first at- 
tempt to acquire AE 

But whereas Turner and 
Newallis unable to buy in the 
stock market Hollis is free to 
continue buying up to the 
29.9 percent leveL 

AE yesterday reported pre- 
tax profits for last year op 13 
per cent to £29 ' million, £1 : 
million above forecast. 

But the figures did not 
satisfy Turner and NewaD 
which daimed the business 
would do much better under 
its manag ement- Mr Golill 
Hope, the managing director, 
said: “The figures are ex- 
tremely disappointing. 

Polly Peck Int 

In offering a yield which is 
twice its price earnings ratio, 
Polly Peck International may 
be unique. But, is it cheap? 

Well, perhaps. The prelimi- 
nary results, announced yes- 
terday, were in line with 
market expectations. The 
iup made pretax profits of 
million for the year to 
August 30, a 15 per cent 
improvement on the preced- 
ing year. However, the result 
was less favourable in terms 
of earnings per share where 
the increase was only 2.6 per 
cent to 50.6p. 

In spite of attempts to 
diversify geographically, the 
hub of Polly Peck's business 
remains in Turkey where its 
agricultural, food and related 
industries division, mainly 
fruit growing and packaging 
is based. 

Margins fell from 38 per 
cent last year to 34 per cent 
this year. Nevertheless, the 
pretax profit contribution 
rose by £10 million to £65 
million to dominate the earn- 
ings profile. 

Consumer electronics — 
assembling television sets in 
Turkey for resale there — is 
proring to be a successful 

Textiles has been the big- 
gest problem area. With- 
drawal from markets in the 
Middle East led to a big stock 
write-down, and now the 
group is trying to reposition 
itself in theUS and Europe. 

Analysts’ forecasts appear 
to have been talked down to 
£80 million pretax, so the 
City may be pleasantly sur- 
prised with the next set of 
results. A 3.2 times multiple 
and a 6 per cent yield leaves a 
lot of scope for things to go 
wrong. The downside looks 






ft of offices and 15 car 
spaces at Lowlands Road, Har- 
row. The freehold project is to 
be funded internally and it is 
anticipated that its inves tm ent 
worth win be about £1 .8 million. 

The company is to sell the 
production village at 
Cridciewood, London, which it 
originally intended to be used as 
studio complex. The 
village does not form part of the 
mainstream business. 

BRIDON: The company 
plans to restructure its manufac- 
turing activities in British 
Ropes, which will involve dis- 
continuing much of the wire 
drawing activities at Doncaster, 
to reduce costs by concentrating 
on higher productivity p rocess 

MINES: Mr Alan Bond, the 
chairman, emphasized substan- 
tial growth in the company’s 

gold production since 1982 and 
estimates that 130,000 ounces of 
gold will he produced this year. 
COGGINS: After a recent sale, 
the Hill Samuel Beech Street 
Trust now holds 293,000 shares 

(7.2 percent). 
• TAY1 

HOMES: Sales for the 
early part of the present year 
have been good, the chairman 
said at the annual meeting, and 
the company expects to an- 
nounce an unproved interim 
result, compared with the half- 
year to December 31 198S. 

More company news 
is on page 24 

directors say that shareholders 
will receive shortly a circular 
setting out reasons why they 
believe tbe English China Clays’ 
offer should be rejected- Mean- 
while, it urges shareholders to 
take no action. 



The British Car Auction Group — which began in a field in Surrey and is now 
acknowledged to be the greatest auction organisation in the world - celebrates its 
40th anniversary with yet another record year 

Chairman David Wickins “Knows no reason why 1987 should not be 
better We have been facing com petition for the last 40 years and have always 
stayed ahead of the field. We shall continue to do *oT 

“I have never felt more confident that our position of number one in the 
marketplace is totally secured. Our turnover and profit for the first ten weeks of 
this year are ahead or those for the same period last year and I see no reason why 
the yearsbould not mice again be highly successful*’ 




% Increase 



Auction Proceeds 



+ 8% 

Pre-tax profit 



+ 3ti5% 

Dividend per share 



+ 39-„ 

Earnings per shore 



+ 1/\ 


- the greatest auction organisation in the umld. 

Wc Mdaxnc enquiries tor a ropy of ibe Report & Accounts wfjkh can he 
obtained from TheSeoetan.Thr BnlbhCax AunWn Group pk.Expcdwr 
House. Ibrumouih Road. Hmdfaead. Surrey GL^inTJ. 



company - has acquired 
1,335,000 ordinary shares in 
Aberdeen American OQ. This, 
with shares already held, gives 
the company 1,925,000 shares — 
a 16.196 per cent stake. 

TRUST: Interim dividend was 
]p (0.756p)i Figures in £000 for 
six months to September 30. 
Pretax profit was 808 (1.143X 
tax was 313 (384), profit after 
was tax 495 (759). earnings per 
share were 2.9p (5.1). 

• SUNLEIGH : The company 
is to acquire Staneteo Products 
from the Broad Street Group for 
£645,000 net of expenses sat- 
isfied by the issue of 2,660,000 
new Sunleigh ordinary shares. 

The company has agreed con- 
ditionally to acquire GDP, » 

public relations consultancy 
controlled by B Phillips, for 
£175,000, to be satisfied by the 
issue of shares with a value of 
£45,000, with tbe balance of 
£130,000 to be satisfied by a 
vendor placing of ordinary 
shares. A retention of £17,500 
will be made from tbe consid- 
eration pending completion of 
the audit of the GDP accounts 
for the year to October 31. 

WEAR): Interim dividend was 
0.75p (same), payable January 
6. Figures for six months to June 
30. Turnover was 4,952,000 
(4,455,000), results befbrc tax 
were 106,000 (135,000). profit 
after tax was 67,000 (79,000), 

earnings per share were 2.86p 

GROUP: Interim was 1.85p 
(1.77p indicated in prospectus), 
figures in £000 for six months 
to September 27. Turnover was 
20.426 (16,709), pretax profit 
was 391 (426), tax was 137 
(167), earnings per share; 
weighted average, were 4.5p 
(6.7). The board says that first 
quarter results were better than 
those of the corresponding pe- 
riod but the improvement was 
not sustained in the second 




ABN 11.00% 

Adam 8 Company 11.00% 

BCCI 11.00% 


Citibank Samgst- 
Ccnsofoatei Cris„ 
Cooperative Bank.. 
C. Hose & Co — 

Hong Kong & Shanghai-. 
Lloyds 8a*. 

Nat Westminster. 

Royal Bank oJ Scotland 11.00% 

TS8 11.00% 

Cftbank NA 11 . 00 % 

t Mortgage Base Rale. 

-D A K S Simpson 

. . I believe we can look 
ahead to the prospect of 
further improvement' r 

Johnny Mongers. Chairman. - 




Principal Group Activities 

• Manufacturing — DAKS menswear, women swear 

rainwear and leisurewear for UK and export 

• Licensing — DAKS clothing and accessories 

produced locally in major world markets 

• Distribution — The 'DAKS Companions' 

range of accessories 

• Contract — Actrvon, suppliers of tailored 
dothing to Marks & Spencer 

Retailing — Simpson Piccadilly, 
London's leading speciality 


Results in brief 

Ybar ended 31st July 

Profit before tax 
Profit after tax 
Ordinary Dividends 

Earnings per share 

Copin of the Report & Accounts can be obtained from T7m Secretary 

34 Jermyn Street, London SW1Y 6HS 


, 1985 

£'000 . 










36.81 p 




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iMttfig dealers ewandinfiChannH ktonds Ottwcluws Dec 21st 



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i D J F M A M J 

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futures and 




to take 
a basiling 

Trade inquiry wipes 
£4 billion off shares 


I f the first cuckoo si g h ts 
and reported to The Times 
is meant to signify the 
onset of spring, then the first 
commodities annual preview 
to arrive through the post 
must mean that the festive 
season is here. 

Leading off this year is the 

By Michael Clark 
and Carol Leonard 

The shock news of the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry investigation into 
GuinnesSt the mighty brewing 
group which owns fally 
whisky and Martin’s, the 


season is here. whlsky 80(1 . Martin’s, the 

Leading off this year is the 5Sl* 8 S? t, th? ped ! l 2?" 
Economist Intelligence Unit's l!? n °“ ^ value of the 
(ETU) World CorMi^itv Oil company yesterday and 
took, which esamhHs the ° f ** St0Ck 

share index 


materials next year, a brief 
mat sweeps the commodities 
field from aluminium to zinc 
and ferrous scrap and wool via 
robber and molybdenum. 

The findings, at least for the 
producers of these goods, are 
with few exceptions as depre- 
ssing as the survey is thor- 
ough. Investors Mintin g for 
new fields will find tittle 

The main plot is little 
changed from the scenario 
that has seen the bulls thunder 
away from the commodity 
exchanges since the turn of the 

Growth in the indus- 
trialized nations of the 
Organization for Economic 
Cooperation and Developm- 
ent is set to remain below the 
rates which set metals and soft 
commodities racing in the late i 

opened M points higher, at 
1637.8, but within minutes of 
the DTI announcement, 
which came shortly after 10 
am, it went into a nose dive 
and dosed 18.9 lower at 
1617.8 as almost £4 billion 
was wiped from the value of 

The FT 30 share index 
followed a similar pattern but 
managed to dose off its lowest 
level of the day, down 19.7 at 

Guinness shares tumbled 
40p at their worst to 291p 



Nov Dee Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sap Oct Nov Dec 

first dealings yesterday and 
went even higher as the day 
progressed, to 94p, Their 
partly-paid English counter- 
parts, offered ax 5Gp, were 
trading at 76fep, a penny 

Exco, the money broking 
and financial services group, 
being merged with British & 

traded at 222p earlier this 
year. But interim figures in 
September were badly hit by 
the dollar exchange rate which 
wiped almost £1 million from 
pretax profits up from £7.4 
million to £8.6 million. The 
market was dearly dis- 

and financial services group, appointed- 
being merged with British & But it looks as though better 

Commonwealth Shipping, times lay ahead and later 
gave up 4p to 266p, and B&CS today a select group of leading 

before recovering a couple of 3p to 302p, amid fears that brokers and analysts are teav- 
pence to 293p - capitalizing Malaysian businessman Tan ing for a tour of the group's 

T hat would be depressing 
enough if the story went 
no further. However, 
the report says that metals 
consumption has de~geared 
itself from growth in a two- 
stage process that should 
make other pundits sceptical 
of forecasting usage trends on 
the bade of GDP figures from 
economists, computer models 
and politicians. 

The first stage has taken 
place through the weakening 
of the relationship between 

manufac turin g and gmorfh 

it is a phenomenon empiri- 
cally and instinctively testable 
across Britain's growing 
North-South divide as the 
service and financial sectors, 
including futures and options 
markets, expand and factories 
sfun down or dose. . 

Between 1964 and 1973, the 
EIU says every percentage 
point GDP rise in industrial 
countries brought with it- a 
1.28 per cent rise in industrial 
output Over the last six years 
the comparable figure has 
been 0.6 percent 
Meanwhile, the distinction 
between manufacturers and 
metal bashers has become 
more dear-cut as the indus- 
trial landscape changes and 
technological advancement j 
finds substitutes for tra- 
ditional materials. 

Again, this is demonstrable 
in the world around us. We 
may still be using lead in our 
car batteries, and win un- 
doubtedly do so for some I 
time, but we are quenching i 
our thirst from containers | 
made with more plastic than 
aluminium, while our tele- j 
phone tines are using more I 
fibre optic materials at the ! 
expense of copper. 

This process has brought 
another set of co-efficients 
down, this time those measur- I 
ing metal use against indus- ! 
trial ouput. 

For copper, the figure was 
0.61 between 1964 to 1973, 
but only 0.50 over the follow- 
ing six years and a negative 
0.19 between 1979 and 1985 
as copper use actually de- 
clined. The story is true also 
for nickel and aluminuium. 

The report raises questions 
about whether the slump in 
the consumption of industrial 
commodities is terminal 
rather than cyclical. 

The move towards hand-to- 
mouth stock levels, propelled 
by high teal interest rates and 
computerized storage opera- 
tions, has little further to go, it 

pence to 293p - capitalizing 
the company at £2.4 billion. 

And as the panic set in a 
record 19 million shares 
changed hands, as dealers 
raced to sell. 

Morgan Grenfell, the mer- 
chant bank which advises 
Guinness, also took a tumble 

Malaysian businessman Tan 
Sri Khoo Teck Puat may be on 
the brink of selling his 8 per 
cent stake in B&CS, acquired 
through his holding in Exco. 

Lama Ashley, the fashion 
and design group, celebrated 
its first anniversary on the 
stock market in reflective 

on fears that it too might be mood losing 4.5p to 179.5p, 
implicated. Its shares fell 25p The group made its stock 
to 368p. market debut a year ago 

market debut a year ago 

The share selling got under- yesterday in a blaze of pub- 
way even though no one, not ticity after being offered at 

even Guinness itselfr seemed 
to know what the investiga- 
tion was about. 

The shortage of concrete 
information fuelled specula- 
tion and a succession of wild 

l«ifliag leisure analyst, Mr 
Victor MacCoIl, of Kkmwort 
Grieveson, the broker, said: 


In first time the 

price hit I90p and at its peak 

ing for a tour of the group's 
European operations. 

Laima Ashley has en- 
countered problems in the 
past with its European retail- 
ing business, but it now looks 
as though things are starting to 
come good. There was a 
positive contribution to prof 
its in the first half and this is 
expected to grow during the 
second half 

The group has just bought 
eight shops from Jaeger in 
Germany and is now hoping 
to repeat the success it is 
currently enjoying in both 


Those prices are as at 6.45pm 

• Shares is C H Beazer, 
the housebuilder, eased Ip to 
193p after a hmch 
yesterday at Wood 
Mackenzie, the broker, for 
Mr Brian Beazer, the 
chairman. Wood Mac says 
the stock b mfikdy to 
oatperfdm the market in 

the short term because of 
“rights issne paper 

5p to 25Ip. 

tanki 3 8 a i??L ‘X sS ESsZjm. 

ground with Hambros 8p 288 ws uni a oan 
tower at 220p, Ktienwort 293 udjub 
G rieveson and Brown Shipley g® Jg !£!?-■_- 
both down 5p at 510p and §JJ sponoer 

593p respectively, Schrodeis 593 4zs Nat west 
down 5p at 71 3p and Mercury 578 *28 p*odw 
S ecurities down 3p at 41 5p. Jg JEHLi 

Among blue chips, BTR, in 234 148 food 
the mired of its bid for am 60 s n«*ft Cohan 
Pilldngtpn, lost lOp to 265p, ssz'jMS Radars 
as 6 million shares changed SJ 7 S 2 ms 
han d s. 42 s 344 Sslnsburv <J) 

Glaxo eased 8p to 910p, us* 39 Sms 
Hawker Siddeley 6p to 437p, £5 3 * s**** Gp 
Cable & Wireless 5p to 322p. g* 

Hasson 5p to 195p - with 772 52a sm ram* 
almost 10 million shares going ai u 75 *«tsb pjp 


Mgk Law Cocopanf 


BM Olfar 









363 283 









174 126 









483 284 









491 381 









572 449 









840 880 









450 356 










725 526 

Blue Ctudo 








383 293 









289 170 










608 423 

Br Aerospace 







709 530 

Br PBfrtXaum 








280 17TiBr Tatacom 








193 96 








354 256 









368 277 

Cable & Whelm 








196 158 CMtxn Schweppes 179 







336 257 

Com Union 







704 409 

Cons GaUMds 









330 252 







10 3 


438 318 

Dixons Grp 








650 406 










954 701 

Gan Accident 









228 1S8 









11>. 7564 Glaxo 








481 328 

Grand Mat 

















954 720 










385 235 










355 275 







115 20.000 










623 403 

Hawkor Siddtoy 










Imp Cfm fed 






583 335 









391 212 









341 344 
237 240 
420 423 
225 226 
183 185 
543 550 
486 480 
513 517 
189 171 
815 820 
172 174 
800 804 
552 555 

967 762 Royal m* 
42S 344 SrinaburyfJ) 

814 75*4 TS8 P/P 

through the market -ICISp to ** 

1084pand THF 4p to 179p. gg SuSZlg 1 !. 

The C hannel Islands issue 20 a 139 nuahouse Porta 
of TSB shares, issued at 70p, 20 »e muniaw 
opened at an 18p pr emi um in 269 215 uto Biscuts 

813 817 I 
412 414 
120*1121 'n 
323 325 
S33 83S 
166 168 
615 620 < 
76 7B<3 
373 377 
487 470 

42 22.9 289 

5.1 304 811 

KJ9 OB 2S3 
7J8 11.1 135 

32 224 3,000 

64 203 772 

5J 5.1 327 

43 143 1300 

43 123 2300 
4.7 543 175 

23 183 2300 

33 173 302 

13 413 338 

4.7 U 33 
43 B&B 183 
20 243 241 

4.1 153 5300 

S3 153 462 

63 9.2 3300 

13 153 1,700 
4 A 553 328 

177 179 
20*. 20% 
229 231 

2j4 214 452 

53 343 205 

8.7 7.7 723 

4A 173 1300 

33 183 323 

133b 53 12A 1,100 



There are those, particufariy 

Why income tax cut 
could be profitable 

the proprietors of the markets 
which trade metals, who have 
argued that all would come 
right a gain as economic 
growth picked up. 

To the Gresham Chb, in 
Abcfanrch Lane, off King Wil- 
liam Street in the City. A jolly 
place, foil of merry laughter. 
There t» lunch with Rob 

the function and the oattara is 
filled by a residnaL 
The tax take from VAT 
keeps on going up. The 



ueb a stance was used to 
press the cause for 

. 1 — cMhie 

Marshall, one of the most consumers’ expenditure and 
sagacious modellers of our the tax return keeps breafang 

o maintaining the status 
quo of the markets and not 
attempt to induce 
business” by widening the 
scope of potential users. 

TTiankftilly. such attitudes 

xhoumuuj, “r — - _j 

are to be found in fewer and 

fewer quarters, with even the 
more conservative bastions 
such as the London Metal 
Exchange adapting to a mod- 

em wridlhraughfhc^of 


Gifts are in frisky mood. 
The Bank of England contin- 
ks to set market-makers diffi- 
cult entry examination 
questions. Its latest f und i n g 
more is no exception. 

Again is ob the 

ropes; index-linked have been 
firm. Conversely, (he Bank 
might be conveying a subtle 
hint that German rates are 
about to fedL 

Marshall runs the Item 

options, centralized cteannfe club, which has acossto flat 
standard regulation and firm feared of market bewts , 

executive guidance. . the Treasury model, which 

Such solutions, hoiwv«i after* a computerized Mate- 
are not so simple m Tlmti ^ ^ ^ economy. H; ferns 

World prodhap? *22212 sl ®P e 4 

which have UttJe expenence planning and Pol- 

and even less power m ^ 

persuading considers to »■ Marstafltes j**°*J* 

I^ase their business. , 

often kept open when gatog 
economically ““Yjjfenent 

avoid further .WORSES 

years scrutisiziRg tire model. 
He knows what the Chanceflor 
sees when be scans the print- 
outs. Invaluable inteffigeace. 

The as uifoUtd over 

down, and the only way ft can 
be restored is by adjastiag tbe 
coefficient upwards. Bat it still 
keeps shooting ahead. 

Marshall opines: (he Cus- 
toms and Excise responsible 
for VAT collwting is simply 
getting more efficient All that 
mtransigeace ef el means tfatf 
more tax is being squeezed out 
of the economy per givea mit 
of output Part of the public 
sector is getting better at its 

A substantial political 
dimension also surrounds the 
VAT factor. It is passible that 
the excess of tax raised over 
initial estimates amid help 
finance the Chancellor’s tax 
cats in the next Budget And 
this could help tbe Govern- 
ment win the next Section. 

This is startling, but the 
sums are impressive. The 
difference in 1985-86 between 

omy was raised hy an extra £2 
billion. If that figwe repre- 
sents an increased VAT take 
- end at this point the higher 
figure has not been broken 
down — this tax source could 
finance the Chancellor’s ; 
much-mooted 2p off bask rate j 

The Treasmy model am- 
plifies this point. The quar- 
terly average error in the 
equation for VAT receipts has 
risen from 168 rnffifon m 1984 
to £476 mfllimi in the first half 
Of this year. Between 1985 and 
1986 the level of error nearly 
donUed. Grossing the £476 
milium on an animal basis, 
and making a slight adjust- 
ment for further consumers’ 
expenditure yields a figure net 
for removed from £2 tSlhm. 

These are bizarre numbers. 
Ignoring, temporarily, the feet 
that the ament account is 
slipping into deficit, they sug- 
gest that it is highly profitable 
for the Chancellor to eat 
income tax becaase he gets so 
much more hack from the 
consmner through sales taxes. 

The VAT take is forecast to 
rise IK times foster this year 

f V ^ ( *JShiv riots) and ensure jJ^al pie, is intriguing, result (£193 biffion) is 
[“IffSe of foreign lessthan the case of roughly fl bfllkn. This fe 

toe estimated VAT take of than consumers’ expa^Jitore. 
£183 bflfion and toe final And even this figme might be 

2 continued trickle 
exchange- . 

conservative if tire Govern- 
ment weakens on the public 

.ppetr likely to tnpup®*? 

Exploding Coefficfent broadly equivalent to lp off sector pay front Consumption 

Very Holmesian. 

Look at the value-added tax 
estimates, says Marshall - 
the Treasmy keep getting its 

estimates wrong. 'Dte equation 

basic rate tax. 

The sums keep rising. In 

— and VAT — could take a 
huge leap forward. No wonder 

1986-87 toe Chancellor fore- toe antooritfes have bees so 
cast in the Budget statement sedulous recently in directing 

that VAT this year would toe gilts' market attention 

-*-k — . causea hm- the model is straight- bring in £20.7 bfltiim. But, in towards toe public sector and 

eOTnomicmo^ com mod- fnnrari L The VAT factor is the autumn statement, the borrowing requirement 
geiyfry thesliunptooo cwsmnere’ expen- likely contribution to the Ex- rbrirfonWIWo. 

meS Rjcliard Lander Store, and the nap between chequer from toe non-oil econ- LtUTSlOpner UmUl 

Britian and the United States. : 

Shares of Grand Metropoli- 
tan, the drinks, hotel and food 
empire, where there has been 
much talk recently of a pos- 
sible consortium bid re- 
mained a hot-bed of 

The shares slipped 13p to 
468p on profit taking on 
turnover of more than 8 
million shares. That brings tbe 
total number of shares traded 
in the past couple of days to 18 

There is still speculation 
that one predator has built up 
a near 5 per cent stake. Grand 
Met says there is no evidence 
of this, so for, but is dearly 
worried by the activity in the 

At these levels, the entire 
group is valued at more than 
£4 billion with its sheer size 
making it a difficult target for 
any would-be predator. But 
analysts claim Grand Met is 
the ideal break-up situation 
and some dealers remain con- 
vinced that a bid is not that far 

The battle for control of AE 
comes to a climax later this 
week with Mr Robert 

Dealings in Guinness 
must be suspended 

T he City spent all day yesterday Sir John Donaldson, Master of the 
floundering in the dark over the Rolls, is clearly aware of the problems 
Sudden and surprising announce- this might cause. But an indication of 

JL. sudden and surprising announce- 
ment that the Department of Trade had 

this might cause. But an indication of 
the way he is thinking must be worrying 

appointed inspectors to look into the the panel, and probably the City too. He 
affairs of Guinness, one of Britain's has said that it would be no bad thing if 

biggest companies after the £2.7 billion panel decisions could be subject to 
takeover of Distillers. 

Dealers were stunned by the un- 
expected and impenetrable early morn- 
ing message on the news wires. Wfaat it 
meant no-one knew, but the market- 
makers took no chances and slashed the 
Guinness share price. 

judicial post-mortem. Such post- 
mortems could not be used to change 
the outcome of the particular takeover 
in question but they would help to 
ensure that wrong decisions by the panel 
were not repeated in future. 

That sounds fine and logical in 
The rumours flew thick and fast and, theory. In practice it would surely 
in the wake of the recent scandals, it was amount to bolting the stable door after 

natural that an increasingly the horse bad gone — a habit for which 
introspective City would jump to a the panel has become notorious and for 

conclusion that the DTI inspectors were which it has often been justly criticized, 
interested in share dealings by arbitra- 

geurs during the long and bitter battle 
for Distillers. 

• Tbe Monopolies 
Commission is to report any 
day now on the £36 million 
purchase by P & O of a 203 
per cent stake in Enropean 
Ferries. P & O shares jmnped 
Up to 51 6p. Tbe market is 
convinced that it wfl] be given 
the tonmbs-np. A foil bid 
for Euro Ferries, np 15p at 
I19p, could follow. 

There is no way of knowing at present 
whether this is anything more than an 
intuitive judgement or whether, in the 
fullness of time, it will prove to be 
accurate. Even Guinness, after a long 
day of deliberation, put out a statement 
expressing surprise and bewilderment 
that it had no real understanding of just 
what the DTI is meant to to be 

Value for money 

B y the end of this month every 
department of the Federal 
Government of the US will have 
drawn up a productivity improvement 
programme designed to boost 
productivity in government by 3 per 
cent a year. If the theory is carried into 
practice Americans will be enjoying 20 
per cent better government by 1991 for 
the same real terms cost 

It is ludicrous to pretend that it was 
possible to deal sensibly in Guinness 
shares yesterday on any informed basis. 

Putting it in those terms immediately 
indicates the difficulties of such a 

The problem will become even more project How does one measure better 

acute today. 

Maxwell's Hollis Group still 
in the driving seat But Mr 
Andrew Learoyd, analyst with 
Panmure Gordon, the broker, 
who has been watching the 
situation closely, is urging 
investors to accept tbe terms 
from Turner & NewalL, which 
is currently bidding £285 : 

Mr Learoyd claims that the 
maximum downside for ! 
shareholders is if AE retains 
its independence and accept- 
ing the terms from Hollis : 
would result in an overrated 

’The cash alternative, how- 
ever, has its own technical 
pitfolls, which are overcome I 
by the fl exibility of the T & N 
offer allowing AE shaichold- , 
ers to tailor their own > 
cash/share requirements,” he 

Mr Learoyd also reckons i 
that worries about T & bTs 
earnings quality have been 
overdone. The group has 
successfully moved out of 
areas like mini ng and is now 
concentrating on its core auto 
components and specialist en- 
gineering businesses. 

It would be sensible for the inspectors 
to. furnish further information. The two- 
man team — an accountant and a 
hamster— is well qualified to word such 
a statement in ways that will be 
informative without being prejudicial or 
harmful to the inquiry. 

Without such clarification the slide in 

government? Not necessarily by equat- 
ing it with more government Neverthe- 
less what is interesting about this latest 
attempt by the Reagan Administration 
to exert control over the government 
bureaucracy is the detailed quantitative 
targets which the agencies will be 
expected to draw up. 

In this country attempts at improving 
productivity in government have laxgely 

Guinness shares could develop into a been concerned with fairly crude targets 

full blown rout In the absence of more 
information dealings in Guinness shares 
should be suspended- 

So far so good 

N orton Opax has been vindicated 
by the Appeal Court after all, but 
tbe Citv will have 

for reducing civil service manpower. 
There has been no formal framework for 
measuring the quality of government 

Discussion at yesterday’s seminar, 
organized by the Public Finance 
Foundation, suggested that the mea- 
sures already in use by the Federal 

-A ^ the City will have to wait with productivity measurement system 
baited breath until the crucial question could do with being further refined. 

arising from the case is answered by the Measures such as the number of legal 

court later this week. 

The court decided that, in this specific 
case, the defendants were in the right 
and were not acting as part of a concert 
party. Pru-Bache mid its management- 
buyout clients have been shown the 

opinions delivered by government law- 
yers make no allowance for the 
complexity of individual cases nor for 
the quality of the service. 

But this does not settle the far more 
important issue of whether the Take- 
over Panel’s decisions can be challenged 
as a matter of course in the courts. 

Nevertneless, it would be reassuring 
to see a bit more effort put into devising 
productivity measures in Whitehall. 
When a major British insurance com- 

pany is basing its productivity measure- 
ment on the US government system 

ment on the US government system 
then tbe British Government, too, 
should take a close look. 







■'* jnuUJl£R-11ie new Adler SE3G0 •. •• 
s . Series electronic typewriters all have amazing 
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.. SE320 model. That is* equivalent to approxi- 
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What’s more, Adler SE30G series type- 
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The new Adler SE300 series. Top value, 

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FM for your business 

Office and Electronic Machines pic 


To; Office and Electronic Machines pic, 
140-154 Borough High Street, London SEl 1LR 
Tel: 01-407 3191. tea 







Avfe Europe (250p) 

BCE (33p) 

Bator Harris Sndr <17(Jp) 
Bttnhaim Ext* (9Sp) 

BBstonfiBettsraea (1Q3p> 
Brake Bros (125p) 
Cttygrove (lOGp) 

Danfel S «30p) 

Geest (12 
Gtentreg (1 
Gordon Russel 
Guthrie Com (1 
Harrison ft 50p) 

Interflnk Express (185p) 

23V* -’a 




155*7 -2 T » 
168 +1 
161 +1 

Uoyds Chemist (I06p) 133 

Lon* Metropolitan (145p) 170-1 

M & G Group 271-2 

Mecca Leisure P35p) 150 ! 2 +h 

Miss 6am HWgs (TOSp) 10S 

Plum HUgs (90p) 99 -1 

Quarto (11Sp) 130 

spondex 221 

Surnt (135p) 140 

TSfl dun Isles (70p) 90 

TSB Group (100p) 76% -1*4 

Vliotn (145)) 135'r +J* 

wnutney Madcay (I60p) 188 

woottons Better (I04p) 88 

ward Graff (97p) 103 -1 


Blacks Leisure N/P 
Cook WM N IP 

Stanfield N/P 
Lon As8C inv F/P 

Regafan N/P 
Throg Sec N/P 

(Issue price in brackets). 

Aerospace Engineering; Mr 
Qolntoii Hazel), becomes a a 
non-executive director. 

American Express Bank 
Mr Jeffrey L Morby has been 
elected vice-chairman and a 
board member. Mr David F 
Stein joins the board. 

MTV Europe: Mr Mark W 
Book becomes managing' 

The Phoenix Ti mber 
Group: Mr Robot Ainsworth 

becomes finance director and 
Mr Quarles Benhara a non- 
executive director. 

Green brook Furniture: Mr 
Graham Stubbs becomes 
production director. 

Taylor Woodrow Inter- 
national; Mr A Jarvis and Mr 
B W Hendry become directors 
from January 1 and Mr M D 
Walker becomes a divisional 

Vymura: Mr Noel Rfley 

becomes marketing director. 

Burmaft: Mr R N A Wood 
becomes group finance direc- 
tor and joins the board of The 
Burmafa Oil from January I- 

National Freight Con- 
sortium: Mr W N Meazies- 
WSson becomes a non- 
executive director. 

JS Pathology: Mr D J Rook, 
Dr J H Scott-WHsuu and Mr 
C Taylor join the board. 

Alfed Lyons 

Cans Gold 



Com Union 

Cable & Wire"" 

Grand Mot 

Land Sec 

Marts & Span 

She* Trans 

Tr afa lgar House 


Jan Apr ra Jan Apr M 

13 22 82 13 15 21 

4 13 18 35 3S 38 

1 8 — 65 65 — 

82 102 — 2 11 — 

43 60 78 10 33 42 

15 32 48 35 60 68 

113 137 — 3 10 - 

80 100 117 12 23 32 

45 67 85 30 45 55 

58 70 — K 2 — 

38 51 83 2 5 7 

22 38 60 7 10 14 

8 20 30 20 25 30 

13 21 28 9 17 20 

5 12 20 25 32 35 

IK 6 13 43 46 47 

IK 6 13 

33 46 80 

17 30 - 

7 IB - 
2 — — 

27 34 42 

12 18 24 

4K 9 14 

118 125 — 

88 96 — 

60 75 88 

30 45 SB 

150 163 — 

102 121 147 
57 87 117 

2S 56 88 

49 60 66 

22 35 43 

SK 16 23 
12 21 28 
4 12 18 

1 5 9* 

97 113 130 
63 BO 100 
30 48 68 

27 38 48 
15 25 34 

7 15 23 

2 11 - 
10 33 42 

35 60 68 

3 10 — 

12 23 32 

30 45 55 

K 2 — 

2 5 7 

7 10 14 

20 25 30 

9 17 20 

25 32 35 

43 46 47 

6 8 22 
18 30 — 

35 42 — 

55 — — 

IK 5 6 

8 13 14 

21 26 28 

1 IX - 
1 4 — 

2K 14 IB 

17 a a 

2K 7 — 

6 17 22 

13 32 40 

35 57 63 

IK 3 6 

5 11 13 

22 24 27 

4 7 9 

17 18 23 

37 39 40 

4 23 30 

18 38 48 

42 65 75 

5 12 15 

15 20 24 

27 30 34 



Pac Mar Jan Pec Mw Jen 

B 12 UK 1 2 3K 

3 7 9 554 BK 7* 

IK 2* Stt 14K 14ft 15 

57 72 — 1 2 — 

28 47 60 2 9 14 

6 30 40 10 25 35 

1 12 22 48 50 SS 

32 41 46 1 3 5 

14 26 32 IK 9 12 

4 15 22 13 18 25 

4 16 22 20 25 30 

— 9 13 — 45 47 

Blue Circle 

De Boe r s 



























































150 170 
105 135 

sa ioo 

20 72 

33 50 

11 30 

IK 18 

— 2 13 — 

150 3 25 35 

T2S 7 40 55 

Thom EMI 

Brit Aero 




Brti Telecom 

Cats Puts 

Dec Iter Jag Dec «Mr Jun~ 

M 67 88 IK 5 8 

20 38 60 9 21 27 

5 19 38 35 40 47 

1 9 — B3 88 — 

SO % 

2? 37 M 2 9 15 

2K 22 32 18 22 33 

IK 12 17 48 52 58 

— 5 8 — 

78 BK IS 22 
52 28 33 40 

— 2 “4 — 

72 5 12 17 

50 19 27 30 

62 11 22 28 
37 34 45 47 

— 80 87 — 

20 27 32 3 7 12 

8K 15 20 15 17 21 

3» 8 — 29 31 — 

103 — 

73 82 
47 57 

23 33 











































































Vaal Reals 



22 24K 




























































180 18 24 30 IK 6 7K 

200 4K 12% 19% 8 13% 17% 

220 * 4fc 10 25 27 29K 

500 27 55 75 7 27 33 

560 3 25 42 40 45 52 

800 1 15 — 87 87 — 

Cadbury Schwpps 180 28 33 36 4 6 10 

(181) 180 12 20 24 10 13 17 

200 6 11 — 20 24 — 

Guinness 300 19 30 35 23 28 33 

(296) 330 8 U 22 45 48 52 

360 2 7 U 75 75 77 

Ucterofca 330 37 50 60 4 9 12 

(*357) 360 20 30 42 15 22 25 

390 10 15 27 35 38 45 

LASMO 130 25 31 — 5 8 — 

(144) 140 18 24 30 10 13 15 

160 9 15 19 21 24 27 

MkSand Bank 500 72 87 97 5 14 19 

(-547) 550 37 47 -57 22 30 37 

600 12 20 SO S5 82 65 

■1,1986. Tott contracts 24927. Mill 
FT-SE Index. Cafe: 

Tr 11*% 1991 
(** 101 ) 

77 11«% 03/07 

4K 9 11 11K 13% 15 

34 41 — 2 7% — 

20 26 32 10% 17 20 

9 16 20 24 29 32 

4K 8% — 41 43 — 

idee Fob May Aon Feb May Aug 

too *'j 2 Fit «n 1 3 » 21 it IK 

102 1% 1). 2hg » » 

104 % K — 3** ,i m — 

104 4JS — — 

106 2=w 3K 4% 4 4K 

108 2» 3* 4»» 5*w SK 

110 "b *= — 5% 8% — 

112 "h IK — 7* 8 — 

114 X **x? — Shs 9% — 

Jan Feb Mar Dac Jn Fob 


















(*161 6) 










































937. Puts: 1343 

at!ON 1 79 14 per cent). Globe Invest- 

• BOND CORPORATION (-*- ^ Md „ e holders 

. HOLDINGS: The gJJ^aied with Mr Robinsoa 

1 Pining rapid expans^nof^ as**. ^ ^ 

- Australian media [htend to accept the offer for 

> the holdings loaning 3.400.000 

Government of its idevisio h (! j |6 percenr). 
ownership ruling. at PJLKINGTON BROTH- 

• HOWDEN GROUp T ERS ; The board says that there 

■ company s subsidiary, is “absolutely nothing" in ibe 

Airdynamics Group, faas RTR f orrna l offer document to 

a budding at Simbwy. Surrey HTR to uke no 

where there will be a Jag™ fi cant “2"®® Vhe chairman will be 

, manu&cnmng invesOTent P«>- acno|J g w share holders before 

■ gramme. Contracts k ave J£S. lhe K r f [ dosing date, setting out 

exchanged for the sale to > Ore* Aefirsi aos» * 

Portland Esaies of anoghtacre reasons wny unanimous 

property and ate at Weybndge. the bid. and ils 

SiTOH MPIlE advisers .hot 

ernro mrs AND GEN- shareholders should take no 
Final dividend action, and " ol ^ 1bm 

0 4d (0 3X making 0.6p (0.5). shares inthe 

5024 (616). Net cora^ny has acquired Sms 
JK '°A gift. The SS 

pany will continue to puisne ns share: , urBir . N 


portfolio or 

ifwSvNY & GILES INTER- September 30. The interim divi- 
NATIONAL: An interim divi- dend is 62.5 cents (about 2 Ip) 
todof0.76p(0.68).wil!bepeid (50 cuts lost lm,e3payabfc 
on January 26. Figures m £000s January -3. Tax IS- (140) 
for the six months to September Earnings per ordinary share 1 76 

30. Net turnover 8,371 (6,899). c®uts t|40 athaRRA MIN 
Prafil before tax and extraor- • MEEKATHARKA MIN- 
dinaiy items 581 (414). Tax 202 ERAL& The compa ny sa ys us 
(1 78). Profit attributable 379 brown coal, ligmie, deposit nra 
(236). Famine *; per share 4J22p Ballymoney. Co Antrim, ran b 
p 52) mined and marketed at £7 pe 

• HUDSON'S BAY COM- tonne. It will provide electridt 
PANY: Subject ro contract, at67pauniu 
Finnish Fur Sales will acquire • MET ANA MINERALS: Tb 
the company's wholly-owned group expects gold production 
subsidiary, Hudson's Bay and attributable to the company b; 
Annings, and its subsidiaries. 1988. to be about 100,001 

• HAMBRO COUNTRY- ouncesa year 
WIDE: The company has com- • TATE & LYLE: Higher earn 
pieted the acquisitions of the ings from US sugar operation 
Madrake Group and Adrian combined with co minuet 
Keefe and Partners. A total ol growth in non-sugar profits, let 
1,423,424 Hambro Country- to a 1 7 per cent Increase for lhe 
wide shares at £3 a share have second consecutive year. In 
been placed by the company's come before tax was up fhnz 
brokers on behalf of the vendors $45.5 million (£32 million) ic 
of both companies for the first 1 985 to a record $53.3 million in 

tranche of the consideration- Of 1 986. 

these shares 953,424 have been • NORTHERN ENGINEER- 
purchased by Hambros, whose ING INDUSTRIES: The group 
shareholding in the company is has disposed of its interest in 
maintained at 60.05 per cent. Extel Corp and the assets oi 

• GOODE DURRANT & associated businesses for $4 
MURRAY GROUP; The com- million (£2.8 million), 
pany has announced dial it has • BSG INTERNATIONAL: 
been in talks with Impala, a The invitation to holders of 
company controlled by Ariadne .ordinary shares in BSG to 
Australia, about a possible purchase the 18.920,500 new 
subscription of capital in GDM ordinary shares, allotted in 
and an offer for all the ordinary connection with the acquisition 
shares in GDM other than those of Rainsfords, was 
already owned by Impala, both oversubscribed, 
at 145p a share. The company • OSCEOLA HYDROCAR- 
says that Mr L E Robinson does BO NS: The offer on behalf of 
not intend to accept the offer for Eglinton 00 and Gas has been 
his beneficial bolding of 1,000 accepted by holders of 
ordinary dares and Devon 14.78&231 shares, about 64.25 
Associates has undertaken not per cent, or 59.86 per cent of 
to acoept die offer for its share capital plus outs tanding 

brown coal, lignite, deposit near 
Ballymoney, Co Antrim, ran be 
mined and marketed at £7 per 
tonne. It will provide electricity 
at 67p a unit. 

group expects gold production, 
attributable to the company by 
1988. to be about 100,000 
ounces a year. 

• TATE & LYLE: Higher earn- 
ings from US sugar operations 
combined with continued 
growth in non-sugar profits, led 
to a 1 7 per cent Increase for the 
second consecutive year. In- 
come before tax was up from 
$45.5 million (£32 million) in 
1 985 to a record $53.3 million in 

has disposed of its interest in 
Extel Corp and the assets of 
associated businesses for $4 
million (£2.8 million). 

The invitation to holders of 
.ordinary shares in BSG to 
purchase the 18.920,500 new 
ordinary shares, allotted in 

co acoept 


Impala, both oversubscribed, 
he company • OSCEOLA HYDROCAR- 
Dbinson does BO NS: The offer on behalf of 
t the offer for Eglinton OD and Gas has been 
iqg of 1,000 accepted by holders of 
and Devon 14,7884131 shares, about 64415 
iertaken not per cent, or 59.86 per cent of 
ffer for its share capital plus outs tanding 

ordinary shares options. 


RntDaalm Last Dealings Last Declaration For SatUement 

Nov 17 Nov 28 Fab 19 Mar 2 

Decl Dec 12 Mar 5 Mar 16 

Dec 15 Jan 22 Mar 19 Mar 30 

CaH opttara aran taken out oic 1/12/86 Dares Estates. Conroy. Acorn Res, Sw 
Wood. European Farrias Grots. Amstrad, Helical Bar. Skyline. Alpine Soft Drinks. 
THF. TV-AM, Johnson FMi Brown. Abeco, BHarn. Audntronic. Sound Diffusion. 
Partdala, Aranson Group. ABM Textfla, Horizon.-Foby Pack. London Securities, Peek 
Holdings. Bristol Channel. Bemalay & Hay HB. Wordptex I nf or mat ion Systems. 

Pus: H-Youno, Beatrix Mines. 

Puts 8 Cafls: Dares Estates. STC. 


Three Month Steri 

tog Open 





Dec 86 






Mar 87 







_ 89.02 





Sep 87 






Dec 87 

- 68.93 





Mar 88 _ 






Previous day's tots) : 
Three Month Ebrodo 

Dac 86 

Mar 87 

Ain 87 



Dec 88 

Mar 87 


interest 15599 

Previous day's total open (merest 251 68 
8335 9330 9332 1222 

9437 94.00 94.01 2289 

94.00 3336 9337 145 

93.80 93.77 93 78 172 

Previous day's total open In tere s t 3465 
99-13 93-50 98-28 1039 

98-19 97-22 97-30 2S90 

— - — 97-02 0 

Previous day's total 

Mar 87 



Dec 66 

Mar 87 

Previous day's total open interest 678 
95-32 95-38 95-32 95-38 27 

N/T — — 95-55 0 

N/T 0 

"previous days total 0penintere5n9636 
107-15 107-18 106-25 107-08 737 

107-24 107-24 106-29 107-14 21510 

N/T — — 107-14 0 

Previous day's total open Interest Z784 
16330 16330 161.70 162.10 523 

16430 165.00 16435 16435 89 


Beae Rates % 

(fearing Banks 11 
Finance House 11K 

Ditf men Martel ineua % 
Oventtafit Htor 10K Low 10K 
^saswy Bfe (Discount %) 

2mnS IO^m 10K 

3mnlh HFha 3mnth KP'a 


7 days 6K-S«» 
S ninth 6K-6 

1 ninth 10 B 3j-1(P3s2 mnth 10»a^10X 
Smnth 10r*a-l0 ,, n8mnth 10K-10»<* 
Trade BJBafDbcoum %) 

Imnth 11“o 2mntft 114 h 

Smnth 1V«a* _ ' 

Bmnth 11K 

Overnight: open 1 0K dose 10 
1 weak 11-107. 6mrah 11 «m 41K 
Imieh IIK-11 'm 9mnth 11 # iv- 11K 
Smnth 11K-11Ki 12mth I1*w-11K 

Local Authority Deposits («*,) 

2dm 10K 7 days 10K 

ImmhlOK 3 mnth 11 
6 mnth II 12mth 11 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 

1 mnth 11K-11K 2 mnth 11K-11K 

3iw«n 11K-11K Smith 11K-I1K 
8 ninth 11%-IIK 12m9» 11V11K 


imnth 11 , iv-iu , ®!» Smnth 11K-11> W 
Smnth 11>iv11 , w 12nnh 11>ie-11>w 

1 552 SKilH-SJ *" in » 830-635 
6 mnth 535530 12mth 6.00535 

7 days 4 ’J id-4" ib 
S mnth 4 ,J t t-4 "n 
French Franc 
7 days 7K-7K 
Smnth B'.B-ff i B 
Swiss Franc 
7 days 2K-1K 
3 mnth A'ib^'^ib 
Y en 

7 days 4*ie4*,B 
3 mnth 4%-4K 

1 ffl^lB 
I S'lB-S^IB 

1 4V4* 

l 4 l3 u-"i0 

I 7'5.b-"ib 
i 8K-8K 

I 4K-4 

I 4'ib-3'»ib 
I 4K-4K 
i 4K-4K 

Qr*tt391 3059230 
Krugerrand* (per calnt 
S 3® .00392 .00 (£27050-273. 


$49530 (£345.40) 

■Excludes VAT 

Fhcsd Rate Sterling Export Finance 
Scneme IV Average re tew no a rate lor 
h|5«st prod November 1. 1986 to 
November 28, 1968 Inclusive: 11348 per 

% 4 % M 

fl f 5 i 
a r i- ^ ' 





Duraplug electrical accessories and Wrights Coal ‘fer 
Soap. Behind these successful names, the success of 
London International Group pic We are among the world's 
leaders across a whole series of consumer products and 
services - in photographic processing and contraception 
as well as electrical accessories, health and beauty 
products and fine china 

In seven years our pre-tax profit has quadrupled on 
doubled turnover 

Our yardstick is performance Our strategy is expansion 

Wfe can see the potential where others cannot - in a market, 
a process, a company, a product. And we know how to make 
that potential work. 

For those who invest with us. And for those who work 
with us 

would like you to know more about us Please 
telephone 01-250 3073. extension 2S0 and we will send you 
our latest company report. 

London International Group pic. 20-25 Glasshouse ^rd. 
London EC I 4|N 

London International Group 


Wray ____ 

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=»^^»nctoconmaredw«, 1975 WM«krenra673Way-a range 873^A 



Brazil cruzado * 2 oSkm»3713 5JS2SS 2.5935^5955 

Cyprus pound ^annS 0.6502-0.6507 

RWand rata 13820-1.3826 

Greece drachma ig54(M^B0 63490-6.8540 

Kong defer IIIKB-ll^w 7.4720-7.4770 

S^«£S?-_:::r SSTSUsir = zztiUBSR 

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29.14 per cent i 
tn«u Trusx and £2* law. 
associaied with \^| 
nave said that ,! 
in lend io accrp, '$=’ a”"?* 

"““•ns* »all,n h: ."ftr > 
OB: The board s a „ S ,S0 T 

isj^bsoluulv not-iil l -. ai ilw 
BTR fc™rotTe?3;;V '*5? 
change ru ad'. :C e £ “I**. £ 
acuon. The chairs-.- “"‘■e n„ 

wniing io sharehc i'T‘ "ill g 

the first closing beftj; 

“* ™L It JS t fc f . -> ^ 
advice of the b^'-^fco* 
financial adv. H S 
shareholders sho L ; . J -' ; . , ’h,, 
action, and should . iV * *: 


company has aej V IV 

Ulegro Assurance" '. v V »>(ta 
shares in Procter-'- . ' ‘ 4 -5fjn 
of South Africt'7., v, ' u, *nc e 
consideration of?-: •- 2 . jw, 
share. *' ' '-jjfji'? 

• ANGLO- A Mr 
corpo rat i o \"o V >n 

AFRICA: Figure;, 
lions for the v\ V " r ‘- rriiU 
September 30. Th- to 

dend is 62.5 cen:V! 2‘, ,rn di-. w 
(50 cents last “ "' J ‘ -Ipi 
January 23. Ta-. "■ . -* 1 '- ahi e 

Earrings per ordir-r ~ 

cents (140 cents* ] * r * i‘i 


ERAL& The rorr.- /' I[ N- 
brown coal, Ligni: ^ 'fc 
BaDymoney. Co ,-.r7 ^' 11 ^ 
mined and tnarki:'.” ..' t^b- 
tonne. It will p:; " V ~ Kt 
at 6 7 p a unit. ‘"• In % 

• MET ANA MIN ? 3 , - . 

group cxpei-.s g.:^ :**» t 

attributable !-:• :hc ■ l °R 



■■* :'r.w 

195K to 
ounces a -.ear 

• lATEi L\T£: -• „ .. 

ing?. from !_S — 

combined v. r.f. 

grouih in nor-^c:- , ; ; :iU /0 
so j !“ per "Aw! 

seLUiui; .. 
come before u\ _ 

SJ55 laxltor. .*v 
l*S5*.oa rsec ru ' ' ,r ' 


• NORTHERN rN.jvi-. 

• ING INDl STRfF - ^ 

has dispos’d : . -■ 

Exid Co-- . _■"::: ; 

associated o_= - . ; . 

million •£!.: tt 

The invi-u: 
crsLoan. s-.i 
purchase - ; 
or dinar- 
corrteetior- •• 
c-l Rj:.v 


. SONS: In.* 

• tgiirrton e • 

■ accepted 

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v sHare cap'- 
i ppimr* 


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it# £*'. 4»*-=^ 

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IrtfEhir “ ■ 



: a cancer in the market 

Senator William Proxmire, new chairman of the 

Senate banking committee, tells Bailey Morris why 
he is looking for tougher curbs on insider dealing 

will be 

Q; You 've announced that 
you re going to have Senate 
heanngs, in the aftermath of 
the Boesky scandal — what wi, 
their focus? 

A. Well, what I would like to do 
first is get an understanding of 
what we can do sensibly and 
effectively to slow down, if not 
■ eliminate, insider trading. It is a 
f real cancer in our market. It is 
very unfair because it means that 
people who have access to inside 
information have an enormous 
advantage over the others. 

We also want to follow up 
takeovers financed by junk bonds 
because those are closely related. 

Mr Boesky took advantage of 
the takeover situation to get in as 
an arbitrageur on the investment 
pool, if you will, and bid up the 
price of the stock. He would know, 
as an insider, when the pools were 
going to move so he conld buy in 
advance. He would know when 
the pools were going to get out, so 
he could sell at the right time. 

He made an enormous amount 
on inside information — not on a 
matter of prudence or research or 
' 3 study but on the basis of having 
information that he had stolen, in 
effect. We have to find out what 
we can do to stop that. 

What we would like to do is to 
get Mr Boesky to testify, if 
possible, and also other witnesses 
who have a first-hand knowledge 
of this. 

How widespread do you think 
insider trading is on Wall Street? 
We've had suggestions that 
there were widespread 
information networks. 

There’s no question that insider 
trading is very common. Un- 
questionably. it’s going on in a big 
way. You have the situation where 
RCA merged with General Elec- 
tric. Five days before they made 
the announcement, before any of 
the public knew, that stock went 
from 48% to 63%. Now this 
enabled people, insiders, to make 
enormous sums in a short time. 
That’s fairly typical. 

You have the fact that Mr 
Levine had 54 separate occasions 
when be admits he got inside 
information. Some of that didn't 
come from Drexel Burnham, for 
whom he worked — it appears that 
there was a network of spies who 
were informing him-And, of 
course, he was then reciprocating 
by informing them. 

I would hope and pray that the 
exposure of Mr Boesky and the 
foie that he was assessed with, and 

particularly a jail sentence, if be 
gets one, would dissuade people in 
the future. I think foe vast 
majority of people — I worked on 
Wall Street myself — are good 

Now, there are substantial 
exceptions to that and that’s what 
we have to get after. The ethical 
system that is necessary for a free 
market to work properly will not 
work if people begin to get the 
feeling that ‘everybody does it.’ 
You indicated previously that 
companies themselves need to be 
responsible for the actions of 
their officers — whv do you think 
this is necessary? 

People who knew about insider 
trading — I talked to some who 
were very competent in the bro- 
kerage business — say that in order 
to try to slow down insider trading 
and diminish it sharply, you have 
to get some peer pressure. 

You have to get the firms 
themselves to inform their 
employees, whether they're top 
management, or whether they’re 
in other positions and have access 
to inside information. If they use 
that inside information in any 
way, if they let anybody else know 
about it, then it is not only against 
company policy but out they go, 
they're fired, they're through. 

Furthermore, if they get in 
trouble under those circum- 
stances, the firm will not defend 
them. That’s hard to do because 
insider information that a mem- 
ber of the firm uses is often to the 
financial advantage of the 
corporation and foe company 

But if we fine the company, as 
we should — and the fines have 
bran pitifully inadequate — it will 
have the desired effect 

The SEC, in 1982, fined nobody 
for violating insider information. 
The same thing in '83 and ’84 and 
’85. It wasn't until 1986 that they 
came along with Boesky, whom 
they hit between the eyes. But it 
took a long time. 

Is that an area where you 

would shore up the law a bit? 

We will try to shore up the law. We 
also hope that we can encourage 
the SEC to do a more rigorous job 
enforcing the law. 

So larger paudties might be an 

I think that would help — and 
more frequent penalties — so that 
people know that they're not only 
going to have to pay a fine. 

A, a maffM- «f filrt Q finp KTl’t 

the best way to handle this because 
there's so much money involved. 
Boesky paid the biggest fine, 
probably, in the history of man- 
kind. A $100 million fine is a 
whale of a fine. But he may have 
come out on top. 

What you have to do is make 
sure that there are prison sen- 
tences involved, where you can 
prove guilt Now, we have that in 
the law. They are subject to prison 
sentences. We ought to put some 
of them in the slammer. Because I 
think if you put people in the 
slammer there’s no amount of 
money, in most cases, that would 
make people feel: “Well, it was 
worth it’ 

You've said in the midst of this 
investigation that ‘corporate 
America' is the real victim. 

That's exactly right - meaning in 
the long run the stockholders, the 
employees, and the country’s 

Do you think that there will be 
takeover legislation in Congress? 

I think so, yes. We might have had 
h in the last session. 1 can 
remember there was a great deal of 

I think that there's an 
overwhelming recognition that we 
have to take some kind of action. 
What would your personal 
preference be in looking at anti- 
takeover legislation? 

I think that takeovers can perform 
a very useful Auction. Some of the 
takeovers . . . Icabn taking over 
TWA, many people feel, was a 
good change. He took some very 
painful actions, be discharged a lot 
of people but he saved the 
company. I think that corporate 
managements are too smug but 
the best cure for poor corporate 
management is to enforce cur 
anti-trust laws and have some real 

What the takeover does, by and 
huge, is to load the corporation 
down with debt, in two ways. If the 
takeover people succeed what do 
they do? Well, they’ve had to 
borrow a lot of money. They pay 
off that borrowing by using the 
credit of the corporation and 
putting the corporation in debt If 
foe takeover rails — and it foils 
most of the tune, about 80 per cent 
of the time — the corporation 
resisting the takeover is also a big 

How do they make it foil? They 
borrow an enormous -sum of 
money, they plunge the corpora- 
tion into debt That makes it less 

6 We ought to put some of them in the 
slammer — there’s no amount of money 
would make them feel it was worth it} 

Proxmire on the need for strict penalties 

attractive. And then what they do 
is they buy up their own stock with 
the money they’ve borrowed and 
drive the price up. 

Now, foe stockholders take a 
nice, happy ride for a few weeks or 
a couple of months, but the 
corporation is loaded with debt for 
ever. That means they won’t have 
the funds available for research 
and development, for manpower 
training, for buying new equip- 
ment The result is that our 
productivity, the productivity of 
American industry, has dropped 
and dropped sharply — about 30 
per cent over foe last five years 
compared with what it was before. 
How do you stop the wave of 
takeovers without also stopping 
creative market forces? 

Well, you don't stop it. Some of 
the takeovers will still be adverse. 
But there are several things yon 
can do. 

For one thing, you can make 
sure that when people take over a 
corporation they do it on the same 
basis that you or 1 or anybody 
would. What we would do is 
provide margin requirements that 
apply to virtually everybody buy- 
ins' stockJf vou want to buy stock 

you have to put up 50 per cent of 
your own money. Fifty per cent 
you can borrow. That doesn't 
apply to these high-rolling take- 
over people. 

They go to Drexel Burnham, 
they go to Merrill Lynch, they go 
to some other firm, and they get 
high risk, high interest rate bonds. 
Junk bonds they are called. All of 
the money for foe takeover comes 
from that source - all of ft. All ofit 
is borrowed. They don't have any 
margin requirements at alL 

It is the nightmare that we had 
back in the 1920s when we had 
margin requirements of only 10 
per cent You could borrow 90 per 
cent This goes to 100 per cent that 
they borrow. That means that 
people, without using any of their 
money, without knowing anything 
about foe corporation, can bid up 
the stock, sell out at the right time, 
rarely take it over — ana make a 

So what do we do about it? We 
apply those margin requirements 
to junk bonds. We will apply them 
to all takeovers. And that would 
have the effect erf permitting 
takeovers, if people want to invest 
their own money but it would 

prevent the kind of irresponsible 
takeover, using other people's 

What about the disclosure 
requirements on takeovers? Are 
they sufficient? 

I don't think they are and we 
ought to take a long, hard look at 
them. Because foe heart and soul 
of our securities system, of our 
Securities Acts of 1933 and 1934, 
the Securities Exchange Act, was 
disclosure. That's what the SEC 
primarily operates on. If the 
disclosure requirements are timely 
and if they are comprehensive, 
they can, of course, greatly dimin- 
ish insider information. I think 
that’s a very constructive way to 

One of the problems in 
takeovers is that arbitrageurs go 
great lengths to disguise the 
fact that they are building up a 
huge block of stock in a 
company. Can anybody prevent 

Well, it’s hard to do, but you 
can require reports on how much 
the arbitrageurs buy. If there 
are people who have been in the 
market or who have a record 
ofborro wing large amounts. 

there's no reason why this 
shouldn’t be reported. 

What do you think about the 
so-called foreign invaders' who 
are coming into VS markets? 

I think it would be a mistake to say 
that no foreigners can engage in 
this kind of activity. It’s probably 
to our benefit to have foreign 
capital We plunge our corpora- 
tions so deeply into debt, and our 
federal government is so deeply 
into debt, that we have to borrow a 
great deal from abroad. 

By and large; over the years, we 
have been a great investor abroad 
and it has benefited us. And I 
think it would be a mistake to 
exclude foreign capital from com- 
ing in. But 1 think we can make 
our laws sufficiently tough so that 
Sir James Goldsmith can’t shake 
down Goodyear, as he did, and 
end up with a $93 milli on profit all 
for himself. 

Are we going to have 
sweeping reforms similar to the 
1930s? Is it possible that this 
scandal will shake the very 
foundations of Wall Street? 

1 don't think the reforms are hkdy 
to be as sweeping as they were in 
the 'thirties. We have the SEC in 
(dace now. We have foe Securities 
Act that does require a consid- 
erable amount of disclosure, not 
enough, but a considerable 
amount I think we can improve 

1 don't think we have to have 
any radical change — 1 would be 
against any kind of comprehen- 
sive action that would limit the 
free markets .But as for as shaking 
foe foundation of our system, that 
can happen — h can happen 
because we depend on financing. 

We could have a financial 
panic. We oould have a very deep 
depression. It's unlikely at the 
present time — our economy’s so 
much stronger than it was in the 
'twenties and so diversified. 

But we could have a depression. 
For one thing we’re for more 
dependent than many people re- 
alize on the international situa- 
tion. We can lose control — we 
have no control over much of thaL 

Does the SEC need more 
resources and a larger staff ; than it 
now has to deal wan this f 
They have to do more. They can 
be more productive. The more 
vigorous and aggressive they are, 
the more they’ll bring in to the 
government. It's one area in which 
you get back about 10 bucks for 
every buck you spend. 

As long as there is a lot of 
insider trading that we have not 
even tried to prohibit — in view of 
the foct that for four consecutive 
years not one tingle person was hit 
with a penalty — 1 think that 
indicates that the SEC is not doing 
its job. 

When the oil price slumped, it seemed like the end of the piec 

■ W - — atrnm, 

^ xvhirh well illustrates the npple-etrea 
one whl ^ in the world’s economy. 

price .o* > » 

When me k ^pa^es. Among 

unfortunate yd j on g-established 

them wnb 3 wrge 

engineering ene d t o bring to a hah 

Its collapse of ^gi^d's most- 

the restoration f whjch ^ company 
cherished P ie ^’ ^ iB demise, 
had been workup 

Happily, work on the pier was not after all 
interrupted, thanks to the swift initiative of 
the receiver. 

Also unaffected were thirty eight of the 
creditors with whom the ill-fated company 
had been associated 

They owe their immunity to the fact that 
they were insured with Trade Indemnity, 
against just the sort of unpredictable risk 
which could otherwise have brought them 

At Trade Indemnity, we can’t predict 
where financial problems may originate. 
But, for a tiny percentage of your turnover, 
we can safeguard your company . against 

Allowing you to look forward to expan- 
sion, without looking over your shoulder for 

We’ve over 65 years behind us and the 
widest range of policies available. 

For further information, contact us direct 

Trade Indemnity 

Sheila Burman, Trade Indemnppl^x^l^GtBsi^ Sl. 
London EX2A3AX. Tel: 01-7394311 Telex: 21227 




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§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

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Edited by Matthew May 


Magnet draws US 
into the lead 

Intense magnetic fields ritalj 
for researchers trying to de- 
velop better materials for 
comparers and other higb-techi 
products can now be generated 
more easily through a new 

Scientists at the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology 
have designed a new way to 

whkh they say could help to 1 
give American researchers an 
edge in the crucial field of 
materials research. 

“The Japanese are the lead- 
ers in this field now. We’re 
hoping to leapfrog over them,” 
said Peter Wolff, director of 
MIT's Frauds Bitter National' 
Magnet Laboratory. 


By Rob Stein 

their capabilities' and 

Other researchers at the 
MIT facility currently hold 
the record for the strongest 
continnoas magnetic field — 
about 700,000 times that of 
Earth’s. But that field is much 
lower *iwn those that can be 
produced in poises. 

Using a coil made from 
copper, scientists have been 
able to produce pulsed mag- 
netic fields of about 50 tesla. A 
tesla is an international 
measurement for magnetic 
fields. Higher fields were 
impossible because the copper 
would melt 

The Japanese developed a 
device @sln a steel coil to 
produce fields approaching 70 j 
tesla. But that device is expen- 
sive, requires huge amounts of 
power, and can sustain the 
field for only a short time. 

*1'. -Nit 

** .'A— iViAvY: *.v 

Winning words amid the jargon 

Researchers at the laboratory, 
ted by Simon Fooer, ie^dtopesl 
a Hew system using a combina- 
tion of copper and the metal 
niobium for their magnet’s coil 
to produce poised magnetic, 
fields about one million times 
stronger than Earth’s. 

tftber researchers have gen- 
erated ranch more intense 
pnteed magnetic fields, but 
only by Hsimg explosions that, 
literally destroyed their de- 
vices. Intense magnetic fields 
are used primarily to leant 
more about the properties of 
.various materials, such as 
those used for computer chips. 

Cheap enough 
for laboratories 

Scientists place materials 
into the fields to see bow they 
react and leant more abont 

The new system sang the 
copper-mobinm coil produced 
fields of abont 68 tesla of only 
about 4 kfiivolts-about one- 
fifth of that of the Japanese 
system. It also sustained the 
pulse for 5j6 milliseconds, 
about 20 tunes longer than the 

Mr Foner believes research- 
ers wifi be aUe to produce 
fields as intense as 75 tesla, 
using the new device, which 
will be inexpensive enough to 
operate to allow laboratories 
nation-wide to own and op- 
erate them. (UPI) 

The prize-winners of the third UK 
Computer Press Awards, sponsored by 
The Tunes and Hewlett-Packard, are 
pictured above with WlIHe Rushton, who 
hosted an awards ceremony at 
Claridges Hotel in London last 

The winners are, from (eft to right 

• Greg Brown, of Communications 
Management, best designed journal 

• Richard Sarson, freelance and 
regular contributor to The Times, best 
features journalist 

•Trevor Huggins, editor of Network 
magazine, voted the best computer 

• David Alton, producer of the BBC's 
MicroHve, which won best technology 

• Philip Habib, best photographer 

• Lynne McTaggart, editor of Which 
Computer?, best computer columnist 

•Charles Brown, a reporter on PC 
Business World, best news journalist 

• Ron Condon, editorial director of the 
publishing house CW Communications, 
who was voted Computer Press 
Personality of the Year by the entrants. 

Network, a monthly magazine for 
computer users was named journal of the 
year, said the judges, because of a 
dear and straightforward approach to its 
topic of computer networking - an 
area often full of incomprehensible 
jargon. Runners-up were Computing 
ana DEC Today. 

News joumaBst Charles Brown won 
his award tor reports on British Telecom's 
lack of password security on its 
Packet Switchstream Service and a new 
range of computers from Compaq 
based on the advanced 386 chrp. 
Runners-up were Jane Lawrence, 
editor of PC Business World, and 

Stephen Arkefi, of Computer News. 

Richard Sarson, features JoumaBst, 
won his award for articles that included 
one on the new breed of 
‘tB^ecomrTUJte^s ,, - employees who work 
from home connected to their offices 
via computer terminals. Runners-up were 
Maiy Keenan, of IBM Computer 
Today, and Jim Lennox, of What Micro. 

MfcroBve beat BBCI’s 
Tommorrow’s World and Radio 4’s 
NervesofSBcon to take its award for 
the second year naming. 

The UK Computer Press Awards 
were started two years ago to encourage 
good reporting standards in an area 
with more than 200 publications. 
Altogether 211 Kitties were received 
and prizes worth a total of £10.000 were 
awarded. They included trophies, 
Hewlett-Packard microcomputers, £1,000 
worth of photographic equipment and, 
tor team performance, crates of 


Amdahl doubles up for 
the European market 



Do you have ICL COSOL and IDMS experience? 
Do you want to transfer to an IBM environment? 
Do you want to work in the USA? 

Our clients are a leading software house 
employing over 650 DP staff and service their 
clients from local branch offices along the 
Eastern USA seaboard. 

To support their aggressive projected growth, 
they require DP sraff at all levels to join their 
dynamic teams of professionals. 

Suitable applicants wjll ideally be degree 
qualified and have a 'minimum of 12 months 

Full details of the company, its location and haw 
you will be assisted with visas and relocation, plus 
all the other personal aspects of such an 
important move, will be presented to you at the 
initial interview to be held during December and 
January with a view to short listing applicants to 
meet our client at our Head Office in Hemel 
Hempstead on week commencing January 26th 

The American large-scale 
mai nframe specialist Amdahl 
has doubted the size of its old 
European manufacturing 
plant at Swords, near Dublin. 
The Irish plant will now be 
responsible for manufacturing 
all the company’s top of the 
range 5890 computers shipped 
to Europe. 

The £7 million investment 
has produced an additional 
100 jobs this year and a 
fkrther 70 new jobs will be 
created in 1987, bringing staff- 
numbers up to 47S. 

Amdahl has spent more 
than £20 million on the plant" 
since it opened in May 1978, 
and 80 per cent of the employ- 
ees are under 35 years old. 

From the first half of next 

architecture. It was the first 
company to introduce large 
computers which were air- 
cooled rather than water- 


By Pat Sweet 

To apply in strictest confidence, please telephone 

Alison Temple or Sarah Gnifleriy on 0442 40761 or 
write to them enclosing detailed CV to CSI 
Technical Recruitment, FREEPOST, Hamilton House, 
Mariowes, Hemel Hempstead, Herts HP1 1BR. 

.CSI Technical Qecruitmenl 

year the company expects to 
send about 10 systems a 
month out of the Dublin- 
factory and says it has orders 
for all the machines 
manufacturered so far. 

Amdahl’s general manager 
for Europe, Peter Wiliams, 
reckons that European sates of 
computers compose 35 to 40 
per cent of the company’s total 

The company, which was 
founded by Dr Gene Amdahl 
in 1970, specializes in large 
computers, which are compat- 
ible with IBM’s System 370 

Traditionally; businesses 
have opted for Amdahl and 
other plug-compatible ma- 
chines because they were 
cheaper than the equivalent 
IBM processor and probably 
offered some performance 
benefits as well. Mr Williams 
says the 5890 is 30 to 40 per 
cent faster than its IBM 

None the less, many data 
processing managers feH it 
was a high risk option in a 
computer industry known for 
spectacular company and 
product failures. 

But Mr Williams believes 
the tables are now turning. He 
says: “It is not healthy to have 
a market with no real com- 
petition. Several senior exec- 
utives I have spoken to 
recently now say they are 
starting to question data ■ 
processing managers who 
don’t propose an alternative 
to IBM." 

The plog-compatiWe manu- 
facturers have responded by 
producing machines which 
offer additional features not so 
far found on IBM 
mainfr ames. 

“What has proved a success 
on the 5890 is the Multiple 
Domain Feature (MDF), 
which is unique to us and lets 
customers run a number of 


Desktop views 
of next year 

The acres of interesti^ g^- 

mos and gadgets on chsplay 

last month at Comdex, the 
huge computer exhibition m 
Tag Veeas. included several 
new desktop and ponabte 
computers that are likely to be 
popular in Europe and the 
United States in 1987. 

tET Intel 80386 micro- 
processor is an 
Sine, far more powerful than 
other chips now on foe »naj- 
ket and Intel says about 200 
companies are planning to use 

it in one way or another. 

The debut of the 386 in- 
spired industry leaders to’ 
grand oratory — if only the 
speakers were as fast as the 
rhip — but in the end it was 
apparent that at least for now 
the 386 is strictly for power 
users and trendy people with 
large accounts. 

About a dozen companies 

than an XT chip - and it 
effectively extends the lift of 
XT machines. 


By Peter Lewis 

different operating environ- 
ments within the one physical 
machine.” said Mr Wifliams. 

“At least 50 per cent of our 
customers put in the MDF 
feature to cope with conver- 
sions because they can grad- 
ually move over from one 
operating system to another.” 

Data processing managers, 
said Mr Williams, often elect 
to cany on using MDF after 
the initial conversion because 
it allows them to ran systems 
software during the day, rather ; 
than waiting until after horns 
or weekends for spare com- 
puter time. 

The MDF option also 
means that in the future the 
5890 will be able to ran Aspen, 
Amdahl’s own operating 

Aspen, which will ran on all 
DBM-compatibles, has been 
under development for sev- 
eral years with no dear sign of 
when, if at all, it will be 
available as a product 

If the development does 
become a commercial reality 
it will be the first serious 
attempt by a plug-compatible 
manufacturer to take on IBM 
in the software as well as the 
hardware arena. 

With software costs at many 
installa tions now spiralling 
well above hardware costs, 
many data processing man- 
agers could welcome the 
chance to offer their boards a 
software alternative as wefi. * 

showed 80386-based comput- 
ers or prototypes, including 
such mqjor players as Compaq 
and Zenith. But most in- 
triguing were the promises of 
relatively low-priced 386 
clones from two lesser known 
companies, PC’s Ltd, of 
Texas, and PC Designs, of 

It was also intriguing that 
these low-cost, clones were 
announced Iks than two 
months after Compaq rolled 
out its industry-leading 
Deskpro 386. 

i. The Compaq machine costs 
more than S7,000 (£4,700), 
while the PCs Ltd machine is 
expected to cost $4,500 and 
the PC Designs machine 
$4,000 when they begin ship- 
ping early next year. 

Both claim features superior 
to the Compaq. In fact every- 
one showing 386 machines 
was sniping at Compaq, giving 
the company a taste of what 
IBM has been enduring for 

Bui why spend $4,000 to 
$7,000 for a computer based 
on the 80386 chip when yoo 
can buy an 80386 chip on a 
plug-in board for your current 
IBM PC-XT-compatihle com- 
puter for less than $1,500? 

The question was posed by 
Quadrant, which, not co- 
incidentally, was showing a 
test version of its new 
Quad386 card, due in the 
spring — this plugs into one 
slot of" an XT. 

The Quad3S£> provides the 
immediate speed of the 386 — 
it is about four times fester 

The board includes one 

megabyte of memory; two 
more can be added on an 
optional piggyback board. 
This board will prepare the 
computer for the new genera- 
tion of software to be written 
for the 386 chip whenever u 

eventually arrives. 

Two machines were dearly 
superior in the cheaper end of 
the market - one from Zenith 
and one from Toshiba. The 
Zenith Z-18J is around £1,700 
with 640K memory, two 3fcin 
disk drives, rechargeable bat- 
tery and a full-size screen. It is 
XT-compatible and wmghs. 
12 fb, a bit pudgy for comfort- 
able extended laptop use but 
certainly light enough to carry 
through an airport. 

On the principle that it is no 
good if you cannot see iL there 
is not a better portable in its 
class. Its back-lighted LCD 
display uses a technology 
called twisted crystal to malm 
the screen highly readable in 
virtually any light Until now, 
portable screens have been 
unreadable, bulky or 

Processor needs 

True, it could do with a 
stronger battery (it runs out 
after about three hours) and its 
processor could stand a squirt 
of adrenalin. On balance, 
though, it is a superior ma- 
chine, one that finally makes 
portables worth considering. 

The Toshiba TI 100 Plus — 
which replaced the T1100 
after just two months, leaving 
owners of the earlier model 
nonplussed - has the speed 
the Zenith lacks, although it' 
lacks the crispness and visibil- - 
ity of the Zenith screen. 

With 640K memory and' 
twin 3Vun disc drives, a back-' 
lighted LCD screen and other 
features, this 101b machine, 
also costs around £1,700. The 
screen visibility is merely 
acceptable, and there are sock-_ 
els that can be used to connect' 
it to a regular cathode ray, 
terminal for clear desktop- 

The Toshiba’s advantage is- 
speed and battery life. It can 
be run at more than 7 mega- 
hertz, or about twice as fast as 
an IBM PC, and the battery is 
good for about five hours' 
before recharging. 




We are a small friendly software house 
in Cambridgeshire specialising in Office 
Management Systems, for Architects 
and other professions. We are looking 
for non-smoking programmers, 
permanent or contract 

Short or Long Term 

Telephone Cambridge (0223) 68354 
or 68355 for details. 

3 Rayleigh Close Cambridge CB2 2AZ 







October 27th 198b. signalled the most radical changes the City of London has ewer witnessed. Already it 
is realised that systems are going to need continual development well into 1487 and beyond, lb cater for 
this work, several Project Managers. Consultants and Business Analysts are desperately required by a 
number of IntefnationaPMerchant Banks. They will probably provide the most Important function to both 
non technical, but demanefing users and lo pure D.P technocrats". Ideally, candidates will be well educated, 
possess excellent communications skills, both written and oral, and be able to liaise with very senior 
managers. A blend of technical and applications knowledge is a prerequisite, as the 'donning' of two hats 
will be part and parcel of the work. Most sought after applkatton areas are. SECURITIES GILTS & EQUITIES 
experience is hard to find and thus remuneration wtfl be excellent with basic salaries totally open ended 
and carry superb perks such as cars, mortgage subsidies, bonuses and profit share. REF TR 14761 


Hoe is an environment which offers exoeHan career prospects. 
Ideally candidates should be aged 25-35. 

For bather information please contact - 
Steve Kavuagfc PO Box 387 Ascot Berkshire. 



A tap global investment bank wishes to fiB two positions within its Communications Services department. The 
Market Data Services Analyst shall be responsible for the successful performance of systems such as Reuters 
Rieh-Teterate etc This wH include ensuring standards are adhered ta a fug awareness of system enhanc e ments 
and new products and provision of usatf requirements. The Moke Communications Analyst stall ideally have 
an excellent knowledge of investment banking PBX. dealer board systems and the "Hoot n Holler" open 
trading network. However candidates lacking dlls precise experience but from an In formation Services 
Provider wifi also be genuinely considered. Both of these positions require excellent presentation and 
communication skSs and a degree education, though nor essential, would be an advantage REF: TC 15133 


EBEi Programmers 




Following recent developments, this Money Broking subsidiary of an Internationally renowned Holdings 
company are currently seeking several specialists In the ICL field, to embark on some of the most varied 
and excit ing projects developing in the Money Markets today. Applicants will be Involved from Initial 
conception through to final Implementation in applications areas, which include Brokerage Transactions 
covering CIOS. FOREX and SECURITIES In order to apply for these highly demanding posts, you should 
have at Imst 2 years Cobol experience on either ICLME2Q or TANDEM with DPS. TPMS. IDMSiXlandTAL 

being a dfetina advantage The selected individuals wlllenfoy varied opportunities, an excellent salary and 
real career progression. REJ : TT 1495* 




As one of the major IBM recommended dealers specialising in networking and total business solutions, thfs 
Company's reputation Is now generating substantial repeat and referral business. Consequently they ate 
recruWng successful sales executives to loin their established ream. The Ideal applicants wffl be ambitiously 




buikfing on their existing experience in networked micro-based hardware and wiU be capable of quickly 
genera ting a high lewd tt new business. Their diem companies are Impressive and Indude maty national 
names. The high achievers earnt In excess of £70.000 last year. With an unusually high ratio of sales to 
support, this approach enables the sales team to concentrate on the commercial Issues. Demonstration 
and technical implementation. Including bespoke are the re^xmsibllity of the relevant support personnel. 
This is a superb opportunity to join an established company who have gained nationwide credtoShy In the 
total solutions sales arena. Excellent company benefits indude high earnings incentives and choice of 
executive car. REF: Tj 14680 




Due to continued expansion, this company, who are the largest Property development concern in the UK. 
require you ng ICL profe ssronals to utilise their analytical and development skills in a wide variety of 
commercial apptfcanwg including TVaveUletsure related areas. You need at least I years Cobol programming 
experience on iu. vm E in order to qualify. Personality and aptitude are also of the utmost Importance. This 
co mpany are now part of one of the largest Internationally renowned Tour Operators so can offer the 
successful candidates full concessionary rates on worldwide travel, as well asa good salary, profit bonus, 
free lunches and long term career development opportunities. REF. TK 14060 

Our clients are a leading software house 
employing over 660 DP staff and service their 
clients from local branch offices along the Eastern 
USA seaboard. 



To cater for the increased demands placed on the National Support team additional IT. skills are required 
by this leading computer manufacturer. A wide range of skills are required from 18 months 
programmingfeupport experience, to many years DP experience In the support of financial applications. 
Working out of the luxury dry offices the appointees win initially receive concentrated training and tuition 
on various topics such as. pre and post sales support . and structured design Programmers wffll be Involved 
with the development of specific software to meet the requirements of many of the major banks whilst the 
Systems Analysts. Protect LeadersfManagets will be responsible for ascertaining these requirememsand 
also for following these through from design to implementation All support work wtH 'involve travelling to 
the dients site this may indude occasional overseas travel A background in International finance 
(Banking/lnsuranceftecountsiStockbroklng etcl will be a distinct advantage particularly ai the more senior 
end. The work Is guaranteed to be varied and Interesting with a very flexible and seli determined career 
path. Company cars are given at most levels d support position whilst other benefits befit those of a large 
international concern Salary is totally open to negotiation. R EF: TP 15457 



One of the most outstanding Computer Groups fn Great Britain is enlarging ns Impressive Communications 
Division. Retaining their extensive diem base, consisting of many large Multi-National companies, the 
organisation seeks successful sales executives to sell their renowned range of multi-host single-terminal 
systems. Average order value is C.EI50.000. The targets set are very achievable and sales people are 
recognised and generously rewarded for their efforts Ideally candidates will have gamed experience with 
a major manufacturer and wlB possibly be looking (or their next career challenge with a dynamic test- 
moving company. Knowledge of Datacommyntcatxms hardware and software is highly desirable and 
negotiation experience at board level would also be a great advantage In addition to an unBmited salary 
and Company Car. the group also offers free BURA and extensive holiday entitlement. REF: TX 14940 



The company is a world leader in super computers and has used Its technologies to establish a unique 
position in die wo rid of high technology. The Financial Information Systems division offers a unique range 
of products and hasantmpresstveand prestigious chentbase of Ma)or International Banks Brokerage Firms. 
Insurance Companies and Fortune lOOOcompaniesthroughout the worid. A senior Account Manager is 
being recruited to loin this grtming and profitable area (deafly, current experience should involve successful 
sales into the City within Foreign Exchange Money Market Dealing Systems and Financial Information 
Distribution Systems. This isa superb opportunity to move to a very weS respected operation which enjoys 
a leadership position at the forefront of information distribution technology. Earnings potential Is high and 
company benefits are excellent REF: TL 14436 

To support their aggressive projected growth, they 
require DP staff at all levels to join their dynamic 
teams of professionals. 

Suitable applicants will ideally be degree 
qualified and have a minimum of 12 months 

Full details of the company, its location and how 
you will be assisted with visas and relocation, plus 
all the other personal aspects of such an 
important move, will be presented to you at the 
initial interview to be held during December and 
January with a view to short listing applicants to 
meet our client at our Head Office in Hemel 
Hempstead on week commencing January 26th 



24 HRS (10 LINES) 

01 439 8302 
01 437 5994 


(0892821 2882 
( 0292)27703 

To apply in strictest confidence, please telephone 

Aflson Temple or Sarah Gwifferty on 0442 40744 or 
wnte to them enclosing detailed CV to CSI 
Technical Recuiifment, FREEPOST, Hamilton House, 
Mariowes, Hemel Hempstead, Herts HM 1BR. 

GSl Technical Decruilment 



3 l 



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The £1 6m power surge in Silicon Glen 

the week 

By Geof Wheelwright 

BSassenachs are lookme for a 
job at the sharp end of the 
““^computer indnstTv, per- 
hape they should get on the 
ne « northbound train amt 

cross the Scottish border. 

Last week's gnrmwni-omfnf 
»y the four-year-old American 
personal computer giant 

Compaq Computers that it will 

?P9B its Gist non-US mannfar - 

toring plant next year in 
P^nne, Scotland, is the latacr 
m a series of manufacturing 
moves which could revitalize 
“*e Scottish high-technology 
manufactnring sector known 
as Silicon Glen. 

Compaq joins other Ameri- 
can and British companies 
snch as IBM, Rotfime and 
Amstrad, which have all re- 
alized the benefits ofScottish- 
hased mannfactore. 

The £16 million Compaq 
manufacturing plant will pro- 
vide about 350 jobs when foil 
production of the company's 
fine of business mkrocomp lit- 
ers begins in the autumn next 

The news was welcomed by 
the Information Technology 
Minister Geoffrey Pattie, who 
suggested that British technol- 
ogy companies might learn 


: Vri'v r i 4-. ‘tL\ 

the future at Erskine: how C o m pa q's plant will look when completed In Silicon Glen 

something Grom the American 
company's style of manage- 
ment. “They will sow be aware 
of and exposed to Compaq's 

Public sector 
who miss out 

Despite several special 
schemes to boost the pay of 
computer staff in the public 
sector, average salaries are 
usually still well below those 
of employees in the private 
sector, according to a new 
survey published by the Na- 
tional Cbmputing Centre. 

.. The relatively low pay in the 
public sector is still a particu- 
lar problem for public sector 
employers in Britain's higher- 
paying regions because that is 
where the gap is widest 

Average public sector sal- 
aries are the lowest for any 
industry sector in 12 of the 27 
job categories looked at by the 
NCC and are below the na- 
tional average for all but two 
job categories. 

Only' network controllers 
and computer operators in the 
public sector manage to beat 
the average for the private 


By Matthew May 

The highest payers are fi- 
nance and business services 
and the distribution sector, 
though with the qualification 
that figures for the financial 
sector are high partly because 
they are concentrated in 
London and reflect a regional 
rather t han an industry 

The man ufacturing, and en- 
gineering sectors were the 
lowest payers in the private 

The survey, which looked at 
579 computer installations, 
found that regional salary 
variations were greater than 
the variations between dif- 
ferent industries. 

Regional variations ranged 
from 12 per cent above the 
average in London to 12 per 
cent below the average in 
Northern Ireland. 

The differential in the 

London area was particularly 
marked for the more senior 
positions of head of manage- 
ment services and data 
processing manager, who re- 
ceived salaries £4,000 and 
£2,500 respectively above the 
national average. 

Outside the South-East only 
Scotland pays more than the 
national average. The NCC 
attributes this to the growth of 
new technology industries in 
Silicon Glen and, until re- 
cently, the oil boom. 

The report also analysed 
salaries depending on which 
brand of computer was used. 
Those companies using 
Honeywell equipment were 
the best payers, at 8 per cent 
above average, closely fol- 
lowed by IBM at T per cent 
above average. 

The worst payers were 
Honeywell sites, 8 per cent 
below average, and ICL, 6 per 
cent below the average. 

In another salary survey 
conducted in October for the 
just published 1987 Computer 
Users' Year Book, the gap 
between the public and pri- 
vate sectors is said to have 
widened by a further 1.75 per 
cent during the past year 
compared with 2.5 per cent 
last year. 

The best increases were for 
development staff. Chief and 
senior programmers received 
pay rises of nearly 1 1 per cent 
compared with an average rise 
for development staff of 6 per 
cent and only 15 per cent for 
operations staff. 

The figures, in line with 
several other reports, indicate 
that data processing staff are 
still not getting special treat- 
ment when it comes to salary 
rises, despite the doll short- 
ages in some areas. Staff 
turnover increased to 1 17 per 
cent compared with 11.7 last 

The report forecasts salary 
increases for the next 12 
months at an average of 6.3 


Job category 





sector • 

Head of management services 




DP manager 




Systems development manager 




Operations manager 




Communications manager 

17 £85 



Systems programmer 




Network contraller/admmistrator 




Chief systems analyst/ 
project manager 




Senior systems analyst/ 
oroject leader 




SSSS^oller/almWsaator 1V» 15 - S41 13 ' 833 

Senior analyst programmer 




Analyst programmer 




Senior programmer 






7 922 





Operator - 

Number of installations 




Events nncinn videotex usm snow, duiuiwui. 

Mterns in DMjsn, Wsjg^ «*° ni January 28-30, (01- 

gSf^JWSSwW 19. S^Lopa. CKympia a 

«T-«?8000) aiAam ation, SSt Marct. fa** 

N^onar&WWti^CenTO.^- RetaSng, Na- 

SKi. until Fnday. C”-® 1 S^hiMon.cTntre, 

jive WM I**?? Sk 1 HO®. 

u^^Bi^hton. December 9 cmbb R irrnjnahanL March 24- 

n, (Cl -84? 1047) 

- r, r - 

r ^ 

1 ifrftfi He*** - 

. «i*An 

disciplines,** said Mr fiflie. 

Compaq's vice-president 
Eckhard Pfeiffer suggested 
that there will be other bene- 
fits in addition to the jobs foe 
Scottish factory will create in 
Erskine, as Compaq intends to 
hoy locally much of the shed: 
metal, plastics, cables. 

switches, power sappGes and 
other components nsed in 
mannfactnring personal 
c omp uters. 

It will not be the first time 
Compaq has nsed Scottish 
components in itscompniers — 
it has been baying hard disc 
mass storage systems from foe 
Glenrothes-based firm 
Rodime since 1984. 

Mr Pfeiffer added that Scot- 
land Was One Of a nnmhor of 

sites the company had consid- 
ered in the UK, West Ger- 
many and Prance— bat denied 
fofl t the tmanmi incentives 
offered by the Scottish 
Development Agency was the 
deckling factor. Neither Mr 
Pattie m>r Mr Pfeiffer wonld 
say exactly how much foe 
Government pat forward as an 

While Scotland — with or 
without incentives - may be 
grabbing the high-tech bead- 

moment, UK 
bases farther 
smith cannot be said to have 
been entirely ignored by the 
worhPs imtitinationals. 

West German minicomputer 
maker Nixdorf also an- 
nounced last week that it 1ms 
started work on a new par- 
pose-bmlt software develop- 
ment and support centre at 
Bracknell Park Business 
Cfentre in Berkshire. 

Work on the £27 million 
fodfity b to begin next spring 
and is doe to be completed Ire 
die end of 1988. 

Nixdorf and Compaq repre- 
sent two ends of a welcome 
wedge of incoming manufac- 
turing and research/sapport 
jobs joining those that have 
already arrived in North and 
South from major firms snch 
as Epson, Hewlett-Packard 
and Xerox — which recently 
announced a European re- 
search facility to be based 

The bfg question is bow long 
they will stay. Earope has seen 
the bnst-and-boom syndrome 
of the computer industry be- 
fore — with the owning and 
eobq' of Apple in Ireland, 
Commodore in Corby, North- 
amptonshire, where its hnge 
nnnnriactoriiig warehouse now 
stands empty, and a variety of 
companies from the original 
flush of success in Suuon 

The aim is obviously to 
attract companies such as 
Compaq, which will not jnst 
ship over almost finished 
goods for final assembly by 
British workers but w3J boy 
from local suppliers and con- 
tractors and help Enrapean- 
bnflt ami European-designed 
components to become integral 
parts of existing and future 

That aim is snpjdemented 
by a desire to encourage the 
location by American com- 
panies that wish to locate their 
research and development 
facilities outride foe United 
States to establish them in 

The British hope is that the 
policies from Hewlett- 
Packard, Xerox and Epson 
point to some movement 
against the NIH (Not In- 
vented Here) syndrome that 
has plagued British companies 
trying to sell in the American 

Five million shares to 
go back to the giant 

•IBM, the world’s biggest com- 
puter company, is to buy back 
about five million shares of 
common stock and a series of 
debentures in transactions 
valued at more than £750 

Although the amount of the 
shares to be bought is small 
compared with IBM’s share 
total, analysts view the buy- 
backs as having a positive 
psychological impact on the 
stock, indicating the company 
views it as a good, investment. 

IBM said it will redeem all 
$500 million of its 10.5 per 
cent debentures due on July 
15, 2015, at $1,093 perl 1,000. 
The redemption is set for 
December 29. 

The computer giant has 
already completed the re- 
purchase of 10 milli on shares 
it said it would buy back under 
a programme approved in 
May and now has about 610 
millio n shares outstanding. 

It said the repurchase of 
securities will be made from 
general corporate funds. 

IBM's shares dosed up 
S2.50 at $127.12 in heavy 
trading on the New York 
Stock Exchange after the 

Companies sometimes re- 
purchase shares of stock as a 
method of investing company 
cash, or to fund internal 
incentives programmes. 

Repurchasing shares boosts 
a company's earnings per 
share because the total num- 
ber outstanding is reduced, 
allowing more earnings per 
remaining share. 

IBM shares recently turn* 
bled to the 52-week low of 
$1 19 after trading as high as 
$ 162 earlier this year. 

The slowdown of the capital 
goods sector of the economy, 
both in the United States and 
abroad, was largely Mamed for 

Big inroads by 

But analysts have also ques- 
tioned IBM's product mix, 
especially in mid-range 
computers, where its top 
competitor. Digital Equip- 
ment, has made big inroads. 

The profit decline, which 
began in 1985 after four years 
of solid growth, continued 
into the most recent quarter 
ended in September, when net 
income fell to $1.08 billion 
from $1.47 billion the pre- 
vious year. 

Revenue rose to $11.9 bil- 
lion from $1 1.7 billion in the 





Before installing a computer, 
it will pay to listen to die advice of 
independent experts. 

"TteXEN-i has to rankas one of 
the fastest AT-compatible computers we 
have ever tested. . " which computer. “Feu> 
machines am currency match theXEN-i 
at am price? micro deoskim a TheXEN-iis 
an excellent product , . . . emerges offering 
a specification that few other systems can 
equal . . T WHAT MICRO. “We found theXEN-i 
to be an attractive machine which is easy to 
use. It is powerful, well designed and fast, as 
well as value for money. ” PERS0MAL computing. ‘A 
classy machine which provides extra dimensions 
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Apricot XEN gives you more than any 
other computer system inthewarlcLSpeedL.powei; 
flexibility; features, support 

The technically minded will also know 
that its high speed 80286 processor is the 
only way to make die most of modem 
business software. Such as powerful 
Microsoft 8 * Windows - induded free 
with every XEN. 

XEN is also the world’s most integrated 
compatible computer range: In fact, everything that you 
need to start work straight away. (You’ll even find XEN i 
UK’s only PC that can integrate die telephone.) 

And unlike other systems, XEN will easily grow with your business. 

Bemuse no other system gives you the unique XEN Advance Plan. This ensures 
that any XEN computer can be upgraded to the level of the most powerful. At any time. 

You can start with one. And expand right up to sixty. All working togetherasatrue fully net- 
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77* system is rteXEN-oJO wiA opocraJ XEN-TEL. high nschmon colour rnonisoo ■ “For ihcApnaw XEN!-x»)U tenurmg: 8 MHz JntcJ 80286 processor; .512K HAM; high resoluann morn monitor; JflMB Winchester disk; opnons of 5.25' fkypydnvr 

with 1.2MB apiary or die new Apricot high deashy, 3.5' Microfloppy ±ive with 1 ,44MB apjary^ Pnue ecdude. VAT ■ IBM, Micro* lit, in regjsiaed trade mirks of dwr rtspeenre opcr-iwig eompams. ■ 




Career paths across the IBM board 

It is undisputed that IBM still 
dominates the installed computer 
base in the UK. Tbs popularity of 
its hardware from micros through to 
minicomputers and mainframes en- 
sures there is always a demand for 
people in the data processing mar- 
ket-place with solid IBM 


However, whether people are 
starting at the bottom of a data 
processing career or are ready at the 
top, they may stOl ponder tee 
desirability of dedicating a working 
life to the IBM environment. 

“The IBM market offers a com- 
plete career path,” says Graham 
Player, director of IBM 

recruitment specialists, IB World. 
“You can always find intere sti n g 
work in the IBM environment and, 
although some salary surveys show 
otherwise, I believe you can earn 
more money working with IBM 
equipment than in other 
manufacturers* installations.” 

For the career person who wishes 
to readi the top in tee IBM skills 

nwrit^ finance — hmlriwg and 

insurance — is the area to head for; 
according to Mr Flayer. Analysts 

and project leaders are much in 
demmid with achievable £23,000-4- 
year salaries. A date pro ce ssin g 
Mremagwr Jo go IBM 1 3090 nutalln. 
turn can expect up to £35,000 a year. 
Growth areas where IBM expertise 
will be needed inclmte distributed 

fi wwatig flnd entnmiiwwil i nn w t far 

end-users. Tins particularly means 
knowledge of GICS, IBM’s trans- 
action proces sin g management 
information software. 

“CXCS continues to be the best 
offering that people can have in 
skills make-up,” says the senior 
consultant for the IBM contract 
market, Bob Clements, of Modus 
Management Services. “There has 

language skill 

been a heavy demand all year for 
knowledgeable people in tee IBM 
area. On contract people can virtu- 
ally double their present salary. 

“Particalariy required al the mo- 
ment is expertise with fonrtb- 
generation languages such as 
Natural and ARS/on-fine, together 


By Eddie Coniter 

with the relevant databases. How- 
ever, skills in tfaintgenexstian lan- 
guages, Cobol and Fortran, are still 

“Demand in the IBM market has 
been heavy all year, with tee Iasi 
quarter being the busiest ever 
known. The IBM job market is 
always busy, but I think 'tee 
econo m y is on the turn and people 
are preparing their systems ready 
for an upturn in activity.” 

Many IBM users, explains Mr 
Clemenis, are becoming more 
aware of the need to squeeze tee 
■maximum out of their hardware. 

Ibis particularly that Imnw. 

ledge of “internals” skin with 
MVS/XA and VM/XA systems are 

An average systems programmer 
can earn £25,000^30,000 a year. 
With 10 years’ solid IBM experience 
and a track record in being able to 
“tweak” the performance of IBM 
systems, £50,000 a year is possible. 

However, it is not only in the 
mainframe arena that IBM drills are 
needed. In minicomppteis there has 
been a swing away from IBM’s 4300 
computers to System 38. Here the 
knowledge demand is for RPG, and 
if people do not have teat ridB, 
many companies are now prepared 
to train them for it 
With so much IBM hardware 
around, than are many ways in 
which your IBM career could shape 
up. P ro je ct fearting pruf manage- 
ment, database development, 
and of 

specialization snch as Maapics, the 
IBM system lor the manufacturing 
industry, all offer steps to better 

is prized 

things. Consultancy is another pos- 
sible move, along with the growing 
communications mark**. where an 
insight into SNA, XL2Said VTAM 
will stand you in good stead. 

What of IBM itself? Does skin 
and knowledge developed in tee 
IBM User m ar H mftgn anything . 

should you wish to move into IBM 
as a further part of your career 
development? Apparently not, as 
IBM tends to look for g eneral 

fterihility rafier than specific exPCr- 
tise in depth gamed in user environ- 
ments. Obviously, there is no harm 
in having IBM expertise, box, an 
IBM spokesman explained: 
“Flexitnbty is the key. As a general 
rule we tend to lot* for people with 
a degree and the potential and 
wBKngness to move into other areas 
of our business.” 

IB M has tafewn on more than 500 
people this year but that is across a 
number of areas. At tee moment 
IBM is seeking to hire only a sm 
number of people in specific are: . 
but teat is because its i c tauitm en t 
tends to be cydicaL 

As a genera] rule, in IBM you 
need the capability to move on to 
better things. If, for example, 
particular sWte are needed in the 
software development area, IBM 
wiQ train you. Such training is, of 
course, available outside IBM 
among its user base. Leading com- 
panies with msgor IBM Installations 
tend to keep up with latest trends. 

Changing tactics in the 
land of falling profits 

For the first time since Japan 
became a world power in 
nkxoekctraofcs, its seati- 
awducter mdnstzy has fil- 
tered badly. There is g rowing 
evidence that Japanese manu- 
facturers are pnymg for the 
strategies they ased to defeat 
many American co mpetitor s. 

In tee past monte alone, tire 
fire largest Japanese electron- 
ics —irnfaiwa have reported 
plunges of between 50 sad 80 
per cent in pre-tax profits for 
the first half of the year. 

Hitachi executives have 
taken 10 per cent pay cals, 
NEC and Fujitsu have 
scrapped plans fir new mauu- 
fi cturiug plants, and every 
major drip producer except 
Toshiba has annmmced plans 
to cut capital spending by up to 
halt There is even guarded 
talk about possible lay-offs — 
a sensitive subject ia a country 
where huge em d oycn have 
traditionally guaranteed 
employment for file. 

The downtnra has some of 

tee fnm pa wS M wrmwhKn g fO 

move into more profitable 
v entures , particularly involv- 
ing speciality-chip makers in 
tire United States. Foptsn, for 
wimiplp ) £( trying to a 
majority share in 

Schlumberger*s _ Fairchild 

S ni i L n M>wtn r mii f j | — hx 

of logic chips 

ased in some 
■Miiii rtliiip iiters- 

The reversal has come ns a 
shock because tee j b eh —iM 
industry has drives much of 
Japan's phenomenal economic 

It also coincides with a’ 

parti w i la i ly hut fjjf 

Japan's economy, fnoeastagly 
dependent on high technology 
to offset huge losses in heavy 
industri e s reck as steel and 
diipMMhg . 


By David Sanger 

And ia tee face of i 
tu rn ed critical scrutiny, mn^ 
many npassive tap executives 
of Japan's biggest high-tech- 
nology companies are now 
conceding that they made 

Some Japanese execatives 
concede privately that they 
badly misjudged tee impact of 
a three-month-old semi- 
conductor trade agreement 
with the United States, which 
has crippled tee exports of 
some n wwH i MV M w w here, 
while leaving others un- 

Others concede that they 

imdwpgti wat pd Hi» si r Hi gtii nf 

«w«n Jaj M BM t Korean 
manufacturers, new to tee chip 
bnsin ea s, who are stfll cutting 
prices and challenging 
Japan’s grants at their own 
game of low-cost aranufac- 

“We predicted that tire mar- 
ket would go up 20 to 30 per 
cent a year, just as ra the 
past,’* said Tomihiro 
Mafsumnr a, who directs semi- 
eoadn e tor operations at NEC, 
Japan’s largest producer of 
computer drips. “The mistake 
is tint we believed our own 

But Japan’s mistakes, many 
now believe, went beyond 
merely ove r- o ptimi stic hue- 
casts for tire sales cf comput- 
ers, video-cassette recorders, 
compact-disc p lay ers and 
antsmobOes, all heavy raers of 

And no one a nticip a te d the 
steep foil of the dollar relative 
to the yen, which has made 
Japanese electronics fir less 
competi ti ve on world markets. 

Many experts say the recent 
Japanese experience in 
electronics Utaratntes how a 
s eemin g ly foolproof str a tegy — 
in this case a successful effort 
to dnmmate tbe world market 
for memory chips — can 

Ironically, these problems 
in electronics come just as 
Japan reaches « huge mfle- 
stoue of success. Next year, 
according to most predictions,. 
Japan wQI probably displace 
the United States for tire first 
time as tire world's largest 
supplier of semiconduc to rs. 

A case of Kidmapping is reported 

ICI. will announce today that 
it is setting up the first 
working MAP network in 
Britain at its printed circuit 
board factory at Kidsgrove, 

MAP, tec -Mamriacturmg - 
Automation Protocol, is a set 
of standards devised for 
production systems by Gen- 
eral Motors which is aimed at 
establishing common links be- 
tween different brands of 

By Richard Sarson 

computers and robots. 

ICL’s netwoik, to be called 
Kidmap, win be part of a 
Stores management system 
and win Hnk a mainfr ame 
computer to a parts kitting 
system on a mini and then 
send component details to 
three vertical carrousels con- 
trolled by a personal com- 

All these three machines are 
normally incompatible and, 
before MAP, would have had 
to have a special -purpose link 

• This week an exhibition 
and conference on dMAP 
(Computer Integrated Manu- 
facturing Protocol) is talcing 
place at the National Ex- 
hibition Centre in Bir- 

How things work i n i the 
world of the unprofessional 

B It is a strange quirk s flji natore ] ®25mm3SSof po^^wor 



Further information: 04867 80033. 

Crooks in the picture 

cato file index has been buBt 


SS ara:JSaaBSSSi--- 

along with thousands of others. 

A picture of an offender is instantly rotriewabte . a ndan _____ 
operator can type a desc rip ti on ofan offsndormtome eornpirte 
ttwfflflash up on screen anyone wh o fits the bifl. with a 
complete breakdown of his or her record. 

The marshland revolution 

Deep ta the marshlands ofl^/Je^ysOTg|neera from 

from New Jorsw to Britain and Ftonce. Die fibre optic cable 

system, cafledTat 8, wffl be ab le tqcaw yifo 
simultaneous telephone conversations, more than twice the 
number of undersea dreuits now available. 

Tat 8 urifl alow telephone companies to offer Wgfwpeed 
data channels, through which customers can transmit [large 

i is possible with satellite trans missi ons. 


Japan job for Motorola 

parw Motorola has 

to set up a jointly owned factory in Japan with Tostiba. It wfi 
produce computer memory chips ana microprocessors fr 
spring 1988. The agreement also covers the exchange of 

joint development of certain semiconductors, and estabfishes 
that Toshiba wIK support Motorola in gaining access to 
customers in Japan. 

In something of an under s t a tement, Stephen Levy, ■ 

Motorola's general manager of Japanese operations, said: 
"Gaming access to the Japanese market has been a very 
slow process". 

Cable & Wireless unplugged 

sn has rejected the proposed participation of the 
compatty Cable & wireless in a consortium to provide 
the country with in ter na tio nal tel o co mmu ntc otio tiB anricas- 
Tbe Post and Telecommunications MHster, Shunpro 
Karasawa, told Britain's Trade and industry Secretary, Paul 
Chamon, last week that no MustrlaBzed country had slowed 
company to have a p rincipa l atake in a company 
its international t s fec o m iwwilostiows services. . 

its iberakzation poBcy, toe Japanese gover nment 
totemte to end tee monopoly on mtemabonal 
tate co mm Uca tioiia services in Japan. Brftain is expected 

press TOt IfBBn Ik WflotQSS S pBUJCapSHOfl WfiQfl ujB MO 

govern m e n t s hoWtetecoramunlcattoPSCon sto t a Bc ma early 
next year. 



The Sixth National Conference that provides Tutorials for newcomers, Refereed 
Papers for experienced prudilionen and an Exhibition for everyone. 

Practical Tutorials Monday 15 December 

1) Building Your first Knowledge Base 

2) DP Update on Expert Systems Applications 

3) Building Larger Knowledge Bases 

- Fee £172.50 inc. VAT 

Conference Tues 16 - Thurs 18 December 

Themes: "Hands-on" Worfehops/Suf^liers Presentations/ Comprehensive 
Exhibition in addition to: Plenary Leclures/Refereed Papers/Invited Company 
Presentations and fringES'86 (soapbox) 

- Fee £322.00 Inc. VAT (including accommodation, ail meals & Proceedings) 

To book for either or both telephone 

Expert Systems 86 - (0273) 69581 1/694079 


Call Henrietta on 01 828 9000 

Networking • Software • Training 
10, 20 & 40Mb upgrades 



Wright Air 

- fiffyouronpiiCTPoain 


Compaq: Portable £1250! 

Compaq Portable, 256k RAM, 2 360k 
(loppy drives, dual-mode display, £1250! 

Special offer— upgraded Compaq Port- 
able to 640k using genuine AST Six Pak I 
Phis, £1400! Prices reduced on tbe I 
Portable II & Deskpro configurations, eg. Portable II, 640k 
80286 processor, lOmb hard disk only £2400! Cafl for others. 


‘ Telephone 01-831 0644. Telex 262546 

The waiting game for 
Lotus 1-2-3 users is over 

All you need to turn hours of delay into a refreshing few seconds pause 
is EOara nh. 

A whole new class of add-in boards far the IBM PC and PC compatibles. 
EOgraph enables Lotus 1-2-3 users to make dramatic improvements in 

Mammoth reports, spreadsheets, pie-charts, bar charts and other graphics 
can now be produced in a fraction of the usual time. 

Added , to. which yog regainjull use of ynur PC fi>r other wnrit within «u»rnnd= 
How are such profitable feats (so crucial to. say a busy accountant) achieved? 
For one thing. EOgraph is a powerful vector-to- raster converter 
This gives you. effectively a computer within a computer capable of providing 
high-resolution output on a low-cost matrix printer - while the processing 

power of your PC is entirely unhindered. * 

Secondly EOgraph acts as a powerful spooler - storing large quantities of 
text information, charts and graphs and printing them on a firsc-in 
first-out basis. 

Lotus unchained 

Pfohaps far the first time in your experience of using Lotus 1-2-3. 
EOgraph enables you to unkxk its full graphics capabilities. 

Currently a typical graph printed on an Epson FX in high reso- 
lution ’quad' mode can take over one hour to print - with your PC tied 

up for most of it. 

T-m.".’ **"«»"!*!«• - pr,n " ng p ~ C ’’ arf With the EOgraph installed, this 

same graph takes less chan 10 minutes 
to prinr (less still on highspeed Epson. 
Toshiba. NEC Centronics. Newbury 
Data and other printers). 

And .your computer is free in 
about 45 seconds. 

Connected to an appropriate 
printer, the EOgraph will print graphs 
in colour, with comparable savings. 
Like to know more? 

1-2-3... return the coupon. 

LOTUS IN A TRICE. bMMX-Mpiffc- product* 
on an M page on a Centronics Prlatstattra 250 tn 12 
minoto 5 3 grands, computer bee after 65 seconds. 

RtBma tiiMMi [tonng 

Hnw fcll i A ftbSinfiSHlajAra '(UUl-l 12334 

Please send me full details .m EOgraph and 
me name nf my nearest Accent dealer. 



Daytime id. rw. 
P«ist ter. 


r.isr toe 

-Vcenr Computers Limited. Imperial Budding 
Muster Given. Haywanis Heath. 

West Sussex RH16 4APTel. 104441 412334. 


BMia bAng in ihar oroiiiw,Tt.^ n 



'ork in 


eflWacomputarsai^ l *l5 


A guide to 
job opportunities 

ws are the top-e c< - . • 1 
toys, which claims °-- r -=v 

computer equipment' 01 ^ 


The growing need for archivists 

ztticr where a & — 
j," saa the aasocse,! 1’; 
y users purchases • 
ertor anather. !£ ; v ^ f 

wppasrs to steer 
toortihar. these of t-sY-V^n*, 

Water Authorities Association 

£35,000 plus 

a report is that f© * 
srty conducted ac.~-- a 
EPS a supplier's 

The Water Authorities Association is the national body representing the ten regional Water Authorities in 
K coordinates joint action and representation on behalf of the Authorities to the 
gowtfnment^ the EEC, other relevant bodies and the pt&ric at large, ft also negotiates national wage and salary 


acorna fre first fp-c - = . 
ring photographic re—-^ i ’* ,p 
eve token si* an- Y-V:" 1 of 


^ Cs? 5X r ' : " “’V' 

TheSeeretary is the tun time head of the Association’s thirty seven staff in London and plays a key role in the 
aeveiopmant of policy on a wide variety of matters which are fundamental to the future of the industry. 

C ^!^f teS i^9 eci UP to 55, will have a distinguished career record in high proffle administration and public 
rewrore roles m industry, commerce or pubfic service. Water industry experience is highly desirable but not 

Salary for negotiation Is unfikely to be less than £35,000 plus car and usual benefits. 

Please write - In confidence - stating how you meet the requirements to David Bennell, ref. A.43650. 

MSL International, 52 Grosvenor Gardens, London SW1W0AW. 

nd film wiK be she; i.-Yl’’ 'sesa 

fid kept on a ' 

tpnthffetnavacie, =r- 4 - 
Mi of an offender ;nr"*^= 
he who lifts the o, "-“-^Pwer 
‘bar record. 


Executive Search and Selection 



rtSaO mfflion, the , ua 

Ars£ch 3,600 nautisei * 
otf France. The fibre ^ 

■fate tn cany up to 40.2 :■:& ^ 
WWB oia , more the- r< - - 
now available. - Gih * 

mpmwm to of! e? high-ss * « 

h cxu toftm * can 
nation with greater saz Yv 
■ tysteKnissiOfis. 

Property Department 

Circa £23,000 


A vacancy exists for the following post in the. 
Highways Department Computing Section for an: 

One of die professions that has expanded 
in recent years, both in work and career 
choices, is archivism — to give it its 
logical appellation, which is seldom used 
in this country but more con venient than 
the usual “archivist’s work”. 

Though more than half of Britain's 
archivists are employed by the various 
tiers of local government in museums, 
record offices or libraries, there is also a 
growing number at work in commerce 
and industry; these are the people who 
prefer to use their professional training 
and at the shmp end, working with 
records that can be as recent as this year. 

Nigd Hardman and Elizabeth Hughes 
are two archivists whose choices con- 
trast Both are in their twenties, have 
sampled the other’s “territory**, and have 
good reasons for the choice they m ad e. 

Nigel is archivist to the National Giro 
Bank at Bootle, Lancashire. For the past 
three years, using his departmental 
computer, he has been setting up the 
bank's managementraithival system. Af- 
ter gradnating in medieval and modern 
history at Liverpool, where he also did 
his postgraduate training, he worked fix- 
more than three years at a city record 
office. But his present job, he says, is 
much more alive. 

“It’s quite different from local govern- 
ment work where one is looking after an 

of mainly old i f mr Ht. Tn 

industry, yon make the collection as you 
go. The Giro Bank only started in 1968 
so I am setting up something new. 

“Local authorities are going through a 
phase of cuts, so archivists often worry 
whether their job will still be there next 
year. Industry has more money and it 
needs more and more archivists. It's a 

Recording our everyday 
doings, whether in local 
government or industry, 
is becoming a far more 
worthwhile job, as 
Sally Watts explains 




Uftsrfcanzsa;**?; - 
arvr Japar* *-r * r :; 
rfaps and fixercff-rccs 
itoawsr-£ e*c- 
raar’ir*twccc , ~.^'' 
aarca in g*.- “ 52 =:- 

ro* ..‘spanese :kt : 
mese marttet *25 r-: 

>5 unplugged 

reposed parttopc'-" : f* : 
MrittalftlCPitsc^.*n’: :-:.s 
<g& ‘ :• :u 


>d> ad hwhMtiy Sac - * •- =*. 

I tra fe iurti tai d eounrt - ■ ■ 

• principal ataka m a c *-. •: ; r . 

The Council intends to appoint a person to establish and lead the 
new Rural Management Section of the Department who can 
combine the ability to commercially manage a very large Farms 
Estate 18299 ha (45218 acres) with that of implementing a 
countryside and heritage conservation strategy for the County. 
The postholder will {day a key role in developing the next phase of 
the CounciPs overall strategy on property management by - 

. contributing effectively to the general direction of the Pr o per t y 

. restructuring and managing the largest local authority farms estate 
in the light of the economic circumstances facing agriculture 
. implementing the Countryside & Heritage Conservation strategy 
with its emphasis on landscape management, protection, access, 
archaeological and architectural heritage and the use of voluntary 

The successful candidate for this career appointment is likely to 
have - 

. a relevant professional qualification 
. a successful track record of achievement in a managerial position 
in either the public or private sector 
. knowledge of land agency and conservation 
. an open mind and. in particular, the ability to understand the 
views of farm tenants and users of the countryside 

If you think you can meet the challenges of the job, write saying how 
and enclosing a current c.v_, to> 

Manrice Smart 
Chief Personnel Officer 
Cambridgeshire County Council 
Shire Hall 

Closing Date : 5 Janaary 1967 

Your mam rotes will be to assist in the design, 
development and implementation of engineering 
computer application, and to support the comptuer’s 
service for the Department. Systems will be developed 
la n guag es , and win include graphics and plotting. 

The Department operates its own targe PRIME 9955 
minicomputer. IBM PCS, and makes use of the County’s 
shared IBM 3063 mainframe. 

Yon should preferably have either a degree or HNC (or 
equivalent) m an appropriate technical or computing 
discipline, with at Least three yean relevant computing 
experience. Experience on PRIME computers would be a 
distinct advantage: 

in return we can offer you the opportunity to work in a 

‘It meets my interest 
in early history 9 

in return we can offer you the opportunity to work m a 
very attractive part of the West Country, with easy access 
to the countryside and coast as well as 

to the countryside and coast as well as 

* A Salary within the range of £9.513 - £10.164 
(Scale 6) 

* Excellent Conditions or Service including up to 26 
days' holiday and 11 public holidays per year. 

" Substantial rdocfflioc package available in 
appropriate cases. 

Application by form only, available with farther details 
from the Director of resound Sendees. PO Box 270. 
Avon House. The HaymarkcL Bristol, BS99 7HE. or 
telephone Bristol 298565 (Ansafone on this number after 
office bouts). 

Please quote reference Dumber ENG/12 1 Q2/T2 when 
asking for farms which most be returned by 15th 
December 1986. 

Highways and Engin ee ri n g De partm en t 

Axon aa an Equal QpportwMaa 
employer c oneklania pp I kn i A on Mr 
suttubBty lor the poet, regardless at 
sax. mat dtaaboty or amtml 





growth area because of the increasing 
amount of paperwork produced by an 
increasing number of people.” 

But he sees local government woifc as a 
potential growth area: with more leisure 
time ~ utMwmiwg from unemployment, 
early retirement and shorter working 
hours — more people will use archives in 
pursuit of local and family history. 

Elizabeth is assistant archivist at 
Hampshire Record Office, which she 
joined in 1982 after a year spent 
centralizing a major commercial com- 
pany’s filing system. She prefers her 
present job because it meets her interest 
in early history. 

She says: "The documents here are 
more varied. An industry’s documents 
relate tn that one business, whereas such 
documents axe just one aspect of a local 
government collection. My work is 
varied. I give talks, help to draw up 
exhibitions, with public inquiries 
and with schools, which today are much 
more aware of local history.” In between 
all this, she is ratting family history 
records on microfiche. 

Elizabeth, who graduated in history, 
hopes ultimately to move up in local 
authority work, though tins usually 

means moving from ora area to another. 

Partly far the wrong reasons, 
archivism is a much sought after careen 
beginners are sometimes led to believe it 
is suitable for shy people because they 
“will not have to meet anyone”; others . 
see it as a quiet, pleasant occupation 
spent pouring over manuscripts. 

“But often you’re not near a manu- 
script for days,” says Amanda Arrow- 
smith, of the Society of Archivists. 
Archivism today is concerned with much 
more than identifying or conserving 
records: there are exhibitions to mount, 
publicity programmes, books and post- 
ers to prepare. The profession has 
become much more exciting than its 
traditional image suggests, and the 
response by the public puts the archivist 
at the centre of a hive of research. 

So he or she must be able to relate to 
all sorts of people, from the scholar to the 
uncertain bejpnner. Physical s tamina, 
managerial skills and attention to detail 
are also needed. 

When interviewing applicants. Miss 
Arrowsmith, who runs the Suffolk 
Record Office, looks at their attitude and 
approach as well as their academic 
ability. They should have at least a 
second class degree, preferably a 2 : 1 , in 
history, modem or classical languages, 
English literature, law, economic history, 
or science, which equips them to 
specialize in preservation — materials to 
be stored can-range from parchments to 
tapes, film and photos. 

After their degree, students do one 
year's postgraduate t rainin g — including 
reading, listing, indexing and conserving 
records, running an office and using a 
computer. This leads to a diploma or 
Master's degree of equal value in archive 
administration. The course can he taken 
at Liverpool, Aberystwyth, Bangor, Dub- 
lin or University College London; the 
latter also indudes part-time training. 

Once qualified, there is the pressure to 
find a job, which is not always easy. But 
even when you have one, promotion is 
not very easy. Miss Arrowsmith says: 
“There can be rather a Mock, specialty if 
the age range works out wrong. Often 
people in their thirties get the top jobs as 
they are thought to be more go-ahead 
and keener on p romoting and publiciz- 
ing the department titan older people. 

The beginners we are recruiting now 
are of high calibre, and good archivists 
are ambitious, but opportunities can be 
limite d — often if s a case of waiting for 
dead men’s shoes." 

Archivism is not specially well paid; 
according to one staffer ifs a job you do 

for love, with a rather low status 
stemming from its traditional imag f 
Sotne archivists in industry use their job 
as a,jumping-off point into management 

Nigel Hardman disagrees with this 
practice. “We’re trained as archivists, the 
country has put money into our training 
and we should work as archivists.” 

It is natural for people’s choices to 
change, but archivism offers a wide range 
of work and it is best if young aspirants 
determine, before applying for post- 
graduate training, whether they are really 
serious about the career. One way to find 
out is to do voluntary work, which can 
prove aii important factor in deciding 
whether you land a job. You help with 
fisting, indexing, answering questions 
.from the public and learn a lot about 

Repositories in the care of archivists 
include those of older universities, the 
church, specialist libraries, the Royal 
-Society and the Public Record Offices. 
As befits a “papa: of record”. The Times 
has had its own archivist since the early 
1930s - among the collections are staff 
records from 1847, including the fines 
compositors had to pay for mistakes! 

Anne Dickson, the present group 
records manager of News International, 
was heavily involved in the paper’s 
200 th anniversary in 1985, pamcnlariy 
the souvenir odour magazine, the Signs 
of The Times exhibition at the British 
library and a television documentary. 
She also rave lectures, one at the 
Museum of London, mounted public 
displays in the newspaper’s offices and 
answered hundreds of inquiries^ mce 
the bicentenary Anne, who graduated in 
En glish lan g ua ge and linguistics, has 

New way to run an 
information system 

been designing a records management 
programme for the NI group. 

According to the Society of Archivists, 
industrial organizations employing pro- 
fessional staff include the Bank of 
England, most clearing hanks, the John 
Lewis Company and BP OtL At the 
latter, men and women archivists work 
in one of three units: library material 
(books, journals and (fata bases); 
information analysis (using current 
records); and records administr ation, 
also comprising archives. 

This is the newer way, both economi- 
cal and more convenient, of running a 
company’s information system; it also 
allows staff who are working in a 
business environment, to move laterally 
to one of the related units or to be section head. 

Incidentally, Helen Simpson, BFs 
info rmation manager in charge of the 
three units, originally wanted to be a 
medieval archivist. But while taking her 
post-graduate training, she decided to 
work with current information mstead. 
Quite a contrast! 

• Contact: The Society of Archivists, 
County Record Office, Ipswich, Suffbk. 

Mficy.tftft Japann* s- 

yoa WKWEt i onnl 

Bmwn .t c=r-:r*=r 

ta't patUrapMun w * *■» 

B unaara o na conmt : a 1 c -■ 

of Great Britain & Northern Ireland 


Ixiformatioii/Advisory Officer 




The Muscular Dystrophy Group requires an 
Info rma Hon/Advisory Officer, to act as 
Assistant to the Patient Services Director, to 

1'lYilVJ Tte ilfllCiHICy *:f ill 

and to produce and 19 -date relevant 

The successful applicant will have a 
specialist knowledge of benefits and 
entitlements for the disabled, together with a 
relevent qualification eLg. Paramedical or 
Social Worker. 

Breadth of interest, previous experie pce vri th 
the disabled, good verbal and written 

communication sk i l l s are also most 


Salary will be related to 

professional scales and 

aMMMHw experience . 


^ - 55 Please write to : 

7 .A ^ Jsifiii OS 

l 4j 

John Gilbert 
35 Macaulay Road, 

Systems Analyst 

£11K-£14K plus CAR 

Worcester Park, Surrey 

Join a progressive and modem team in our 
purpose-built computer centre. Work m a 36-strong 
Development group in this major IBM installation 
and share the interest, challenge and variety 
presented by our wide range of commercial 

it Twin 4381 ’s, MVS/XA, VM/CMS, 4GL, CICS & 

* Results orientated career structure 

The rewards include: 

★ Five week’s hotiday/9tt day fortnight option 

* Free leased car/maintenance (wide choice) 

•k Pension Scheme Scheme - 1 - above-average 
security + no parking/commuting problems 
Write for an application form, send a cv or, for more 
information, contact Doug Kenward, the 
Development Manager. 



104 Green Lane 

K&S Worcester Park, Surrey K&S 
Telephone: 01-337 4403 (4666) 

The Principal Building Services Engineer located at Croydon, directs and leads the Building Services 
Engineering team in the Chief Architect’s department and ensures standards of design, construction and 
maintenance of all Building Services systems in terms of quality and cost effectiveness. 

Candidates should preferably be multi-disciplined and must be able to demonstrate at least ten years 
experience in a senior position in the field of Building Services Engineering. 

Corporate membership of the CIBSE essential. 

The Salary will be in the range £19,740-£26,700 p.a. dependent upon qualifications and experience, + a 
London Allowance. 

There is a contributory pension scheme and the transfer of existing rights can, in many cases, be 

MUSCULAR P*"®* { ^ ta2s ° f 


Management Services 
with a difference! 

Up to £13260 pa 

There are also attractive travel benefits including travel to and from work. 

Applications (marked confidential) with a curriculum vitae should be sent to: 

Chief Architect's Dept, 

British Railways Board, 

5th Floor, Southern House, 


Surrey CR9 1DY 

*rs is t 


£7.311-0.172 p.a. 

Irtomamn antJ Monrtormg Grantor a 
r/Utzhh/ nuaDfied DBfSOT. induflng graduates town aty 

SE2. T”™ “ "**** 

Join us and make up a team of three wall-qualified 
and experienced catalysts in an integrated 
Management Services/Computer Operations and 
Development Section. The Technology exists - we 
need the people to make the Technology work for us. 
tf you have analytical abilities, coupled with 
experience of rad a serious Interest in getting the 
best aid of New Technology - then this might be the 

S for you. The principle function is to work with 
fftments to identify new technology (both mini 
micro-computer with the accent on micros) as 
well as carrying out more traditional 0 & M 

for return by Friday 12th December 1986. 

British Railways is an equal opportunity employer. 

NJC deoils available from: 

as gaaggsg— 

A Management Services background s desirable 
though not essential - but proof of the achievement 

of results m the application of analytical and 
communications ski/Js in a mufti-discipline 
environment is essential. 

, 1:y , lcc ^wcCowUyCx 

6 weeks holiday. Relocation scheme in operation. For 
an application form and further details contact: The 
Personnel Department Mid Sussex District Council, 
“OaWands’', Oaktands Road, Haywards Heath, West 
Sussex RH16 1SS. (Tel: 0444 458166 Ext 227B) or 
for an informal chat telephone Trevor Leggo, 
Management Services Manager (ext 2246}. Closing 
date 19 December 1986. Interviews will be held in 
tee week commencing Stii January 1987. 

Electricity Consumers' Council 
Brook House 2-16 Torrington Place, 
London WC1E 7LL 

London WC1E 7LL 
Telephone 01-636 5703 

Deputy Director 

(£16,854 - £20,474 iacl. L.W.) 


Articled Clerk 

-"“■fSSS. s 

ft "* 1 




Tbs Untarafty tf AbcnJren invites tor tfta show post 

wtttin its AdnanistcatiKL 

The successful apptant <M to respond* far developing tH 
aspects tf the Unvasitys mantel end wttmai communfcauxt 

Among tie quafitafcore wtafi «fl be tooted for in the kidtending 
tooteatts. will be evident tf successful experience in Press or 
Pubic Rebtaons and «n abfity fa ammunkaffi effectively. 
Krawtedge of the education sysam would be an added arivartaga 

This post, vftcli attracts a salary in the renge £19,010 and upwarfs, 
with piacemai depenfag a experience. «i initially be filed on a 
foe year engagement (stale inds review). 

Punter pentaitas and a ppfirstiim terns from the Personnel Office. 

The Unsveraty, Regent Walk, Aberdeen ASS IPX with whom 
^^^R copies) stigtfd be lodged by 22 December 1986 (Rtf 



The EEC is the national watch 
consumers in England and 
becomes vacant on 1 Februa 
the appointment of the present 
another organisation. 

3es. The post 
1987 following 
puty as head m 

iin>^TnTrT^l.^Fr-iT,^T,;TiT n r.^r 

Director as the Council's chief executive and be 
able to make a contribution to the complete range 
of the Council's interests. These include tne 
generation and distribution of electricity and all 
matters affecting the provision of services and 
supplies to domestic, commercial and industrial 





£13,653 - £14,862 + leased car 

We are seeking an admitted solicitor for the 
post of Assistant Town Clerk whose duties 
w3l include court and committee work end will 
offer the opportunity to obtain management 
experience through taking part in the decision 
making process and the implementation of the 
Council's decisions. Previous local govern- 
ment experience unnecessary. 



Scale 6/S JO. 1 E9£13 - £11,271 

Um post holder wfl be primarty roaponeWe ifar at loGpeets 
of local plan mV w«Wn ttw Snowdonia National Para and 

u _a ii.ij. u — - ‘ ' 1 Ua mNpMa Him 

We offer a generous relocation package in- 
cluding up to £ 2£00 for legal and professional 
fees and a disturbance allowance in approved 
cases. Adkfitional increments may be awarded 
under a performance award scheme. 

Ihoso parts of MaMorandd Dte&tet wWcft te omsMa m e 
National Pork, rc&fror tfafr* wtl factode Im ptanaming a 
‘ pro gramm e of new local plans and reviewing “panywnE 
(Rue) some el wMtfi have bean prepared itfntijr wtm 
adjoining Dfairfcf Goundfc. 

TTwpoaoflararaewe»artopport ^w eeittnbiteafaa» 
ttw tmporani tend management ptoinfa g wortc of the 
Aumortfy anti the Imptamantaui; i o» ttw plan!*® art 
management pofctes set out m the National Rare Plan. 
Appficwtts must be Chartered Town Ptannare wBh several 
years relevant experience. 

Applications are invited from persons with wide 

S rience though their background may be in 
itry, commerce, the public sector or finance. 

Appfication forms and further details are 
avaiafate from ttw P ers on ne l Officer, Giffag- 
ham Borough Council, ftfemicipa* Buatfngs, 
Gtiffingham, Kent ME7 5LA. TeL (0634) 50021 
Extn. 249. 

Attflty to owimmiMto *» ***** ttesfrahfa and tn Engteh 

The dosing date for applications is 11 December 
1986 and further details are available on request 


Borough Counci 

Car tftowanca and mate ted purchase fatalities ovaiSfite. 
Rnanctai n«? s »e fa " ce towards removal and resettlement 
expenses tn appropriate cases. 

CLoofag data: 8th December. 1886. 

Apa&craton form and further partcatare writable from 

TMCm PawMlONw, OMJ preaw. Cauraarfon 
U55 1SH. Tab (0286) 4121 eat 2078. 


Etsipaan Legal Counsel 

Meredith Scott 

Eaton Limited is the UK subsidiary of the US multinational 
Eaton Corporation, a worldwide manufacturer of 
advanced technology products for the automotive, 
electronics, defence and capital goods markets. 

A vacancy exists for a versatile and professional lawyer, ' 
who will be responsible to the Senior European Legal 
Counsel, based at the Company's European 
headquarters at Hounslow. Applicants aged 25-35 must 
have a legal qualification and at least three years 
general company/commercial experience gained in 
either private practice or industry. A second European 
language would be an advantage. 

The position attracts a competitive salary and benefits 
package, including a company car. Assistance with 
relocation expenses will be provided where appropriate. 


, WbA known EC4 practice seeks two SoBcaors. one 
with up to 3 years experience, and the other a 
minimum 3 years quafified. 

CORPORATE TAX to c£30,000 

Major EC3 firm requires Lawyer Ideally with a 
minimum of.2 years related experience. 

| KHSIOIIS to c£30,000 

Lawyer with al least 1 yeare experience In this ne« 

needed by leading EC1 practice . 

COM* /COMMERCIAL to C.£28,000 

Medium sized EC4 practice seeks Sollcttor with 

experience of corporate acquisitions, finance ana 
dtepossi work. 


Major ECS practice seeks SoScKor with K teafiy 2 

years or more experianca gained to or out of London 

Applicants (male or female) should forward a 
comprehensive curriculum vitae to: 

Graham BarweU, Eaton Limited, Eaton House, 
Staines Road, Hounslow TW45DX. 
Telephone: 01-572 7057. 

Meredith Scott Recruitment 

^ 17 Fieri Siren, lamdem ECfY IAA. ^ 







Applications are invited from holders of a law degree to 
specialise in construction disputes . and arbitration for 
positions in Crawley, London and Leeds. Please apply in 
writing to:- 

Roger Knowles 

Construction Contracts Consultants 
Chartered Quantity Surveyors 
Wardle House, King Street, 
Knutsford, Cheshire WA16 6PD 

Birmingham Brighton Bristol Cheltenham Cohvyti Bay Crawley 
Edinburgh Glasgow Leeds Liverpool London Manc he ster Morpeth 
Weybridge Winchester Overseas: Cyprus Hong Kong 

Owen White 



We are a wfl cttablbhed and pregsenhw 
firm of solibtoa with 7 offices in the Home 
Counties- A vacancy ba» arisen, due ro ike 
1 i*jhiiW l er iiem eatof the Senior PartaCf in 1987, 
far a suitably qualified and ambitions joliciuw K> 
join oar office in Hounslw* The node will invohe 
program: rasporoibiliiy for the nutters aurally 
undert aken be the Senior Partner and will 
comprise a wide range of notKooReariou* Mxk, 
retains primarily to con veyanring, probate and 
private diet, maneo- 

Tbe ideal candidate will have at lean four 
years relevant experience, departmental 
leadership potential and a flair for practice 
development. Some company commercial 
experience would be an admnuge but is not 

The *alary and benefits for this appointment 

are very attractive and mdude equality rac This is 

on outstanding career opportunity and there ant 
exreUem prospects foe an eariy invitation to join 
the partnership. 

Pkase apply with full c-u. quoting 
JH/ 144 to: John Hamilton. 51-51 High Street, 
Guildford GUI 3DV. Tel: 0483 374814. 

John Hamilton Associates 

V. Management Be Recruitment Consultants ^ 


Uworpool Mousing Treat 

LHT is an active toner-city housing association with a 
varied housing programme, a slock of 4,000 
dweSngs and a com m itment to localised and 
sifjpottive management in the comimailtieB it serves. 

Vita need an Information Officer to run our Information 
serricas to tenants, the public and staff, including 
newsletters, annual reports, publications, display and 
pubfidty material. 

Wta want someone with enthusiasm for our work and 
acme knowledge of housing, who can develop our 
information services and bring creative 
variety of communications field! 
experience n jourrcaftsm. 


to a 
possibly with 

£8.979^9.875 plus 
' pension. Job sh 

car allowance non- 
share applications wfl be 

LHT partkxitarty welcomes applications from ethnic 
minorities, women and disabled persons. 

For MemwUoa end applcahon 
Anbay Davidson at the address below. Closing 
date: 15th 

r, IS 

■ Liverpool Housing 

35-37 Bold Sheet 
rarpool LI 4DN 
Tel: 051-708 5777 



Appointment of Curator 

licstions are Invited for the post of Curator of the 
■h Folk Museum, a major Institution of the National 
Museum of Wales. 

Candidates should not be more than 55 years old. 
should be university graduates and should possess 
proven managerial capabilities. Experience of the 
subject of folk Me in a museum and a knowledge of 
European folk museums would be a quaflfcation. They 
must also have a thorough knowledge of Welsh social 
history and be fluent to the Welsh language. 

Contributory Pension rights. 



scale: £25,153 rising to a present maximum of 
® per annum. 

Further particulars may be otained from: The Director, 
National Museum of Wates, Cathays Park, Cardiff, CF1 
3NP to whom applications would be submitted not later 
than Wednesday, 31st December IMS. 



Scale 3/4/5 £6,939 - £9,549 

An enthusiastic person required who wishes to gain valuable 
experience in a wide range of autfil activities. Appficano will 
ideaiy have soma cxinc sector audit experience end must 
be cspabie of workxig to e set programme until the minimum 
at Buparwsjon. 

Assistance wttfi housing: removal expenses, and flexMe 
working hours. Tin successful applicant wH be actively 
encouraged to pursue his/her ~ 

Further details and an apptication form to be 
returned by 15th December 1936 may be obtained 
from the Personnel & Management Services Offic- 
er, Town Hafi, Watford WD1 3EX 
(Teh Watford 40175, 24 hour Ansafone service). 

The Ccunc* is an Equal Opportunities Employer. 







P04 £12,894/£1 4,000 

A Solicitor (perhaps newly admitted or even awaiting 
admission) who is prepared to work under pressure 
to obtain the wide experience offered by a 
Metropolitan Borough is sought by the Council 
Solicitor. The duties, which wit! include attendance at 
Committees and advocacy before courts and other 
Tribunals, will be dependent on ability and 
experience. If you wish to discuss the pod, please 
telephone the Assistant Council Solicitor on 
0204-22311 Ext 1104. 

APPLICATION FORMS are available from tee 
Personnel Officer, Personnel Services, Town Hal), 
Bofiflo BL 1 iru (Tel: Bolton 391632) to whom same 
statel be returned by 16 th December 1986. 
Registered Disabled Persoas are invited to apply. 
An Equal Opportunity Employer 




Salary: £ 18,009 - £21,144 pa (incl) 
(Plus Essential Car User Allowance) 

Servile Houses Ud. a.Rcfusiered Housing Asaocuuion and Charily, bos a vacancy si ns central 
* — “ - a Chief Housing Manager. 

office in South Kensington, lor 

The Association operates in Hun regions: London and South East. Weal Midlands and 
Merseyside. Ii has a recognised pioneering role in the Odd of the elderly and. in the London and 
JuB? ?**%■“ 3,10 5? vo,veid “ eroeni family and special needs boosing. The Association 
has J-DOO dwellings under management and a further 400 in the pipeline. 

The person appointed to this post will be expected to consolidate the wotfc of aD the working 
panics currently involved in cumming bousing nau^eniat mnHanta within the Association 
and will have a key rate in implementing the new standards and i wwitiint As a Quef Officer 
Ae Asscxnation he/ she wtII also be expected to con in bole towards the management oT ihe 
Association as a whok and assist in the formulation of pohey. 

The Assoemtran is seeking to appoint a mature, self- motivating person who has the ability to 
lead a rery capable bousing management team of three Regional Housing Managers. Homes 
Administration Officer and Management Services Officer in providing as sensitive and 
pratnsiooaJ a service to our tenants and residents as possible. The successfid aopbcaa! will need 
to have solid bousing management experience and a proven record of wtarevement at senior 
management fet'd. 

Where necessary generans relocation expenses will be paid. 

For Application Form and further details please comact- 

Renata Monlak 
Servile Houses Ltd 
125 Old Brampton Road 
London SW7 3RP 
Tel: (01) 370 5466 

Closing Dale 23rd December 1986. 

Scrvne Houses Ltd cs on piemen ting an equal opportunities policy. 




(2 POSTS) £8£95-£15,873 

These A nn ano ton 51 op- 
aflflon 01 Compiler Soma uan m 
*sexm m tte ml rmfintlwl m- 


cfwKH m empum Mmb «• te 

9m to an f xtt aa a pertae m 




ton. totecq b otter sgpgutyin wtl te 

WfcifJ mwn urn te ndi to to 


LAW coMMsanon. coon low 
G raduate* to noli! With Law 
Retann Pratcecs as Reararcti 
AOtsumt, for up to 3 years 
<£S 146 - ESJMSi. NewxtaMe 
stwl «Uto. wmt or phono 
Mr John Os s uuu . Tlw Law 
Oxn mlam ton. Co 

. -. London 
WC1N ZBQ. 101-340 0961}. 



qok jm momwmti 
common our M) 
unomou seam 


£14,882 - C18JH1 
TWs Is a new pod wriftin tin 

Common Law and Uhgdmn 
Section. Ihe pod hokte wM 
t fapofee for tin section head «i Me 

The successful candUak nil tie 
enthuaasbc mtii a committed 
approach n tin wok and possess 
tin abRy id iri ale wdlt M d 
conMence to lop tnanagentetiL 
Apphcaili should be sahedon tritii 
a proven back ream) in al aspects 
of conveyandnfl and anted work 
and the suaxssful camKtate mil 
be expected to undertake a hs»y 
personal caseload with si 
emphasis on complex commwclal 
sales aid tuchasas, commoroal 
leases, sates aid tease back 
orangamds and copande 
finance mfc. 

Expotex* in genenf common law 
work wtt be an adraitaoe- 
Gonous Relocation Paciape. 

For flsojsson phase 
Koi James on Cartffl 

Of JfH m cc 

Sppicaion tains, to be rehimed 

^Caily Comal Comfy 
Park CanWf. CO 
or map turn Canfifl (0222) 


omnreMmEB biplovbi 

We will process 

over i one 

million £ criminal 

cases] [ayear 

Throughout England and Wales 
the recently formed CPS is recruit- 
ing high-quality professional lawyers 
to work as Crown Prosecutors. The 
Service, which is designed to effect 
greater consistency and fairness in 
criminal law; has given increased 
responsibility to its Prosecutors 
who are now able to exert more 
influence in criminal proceedings 
than ever before. 

We are looking for some very 
special qualities in our new recruits: 
you must have good powers of 
. analysis and fudgment as well as 
an eagerness to get to grips with 
thorny legal problems. Ybu must also 
be able to negotiate constructively 
with other agencies, such as the 
police and court staff, and be mature 
enough to handle a heavy and 
challenging caseload. 

Whether you're a Barrister, an 
Assistant Solicitor or a Justice’s 
Cleric's Assistant, you should 
consider the opportunities created 
by the launch of CPS. Our compre- 
hensive training in advocacy and 
criminal law together with the sheer 


variety of casework will promise a 
valuable career move and arm you 
with a wealth of experience. 

Vie have current vacancies for 
Senior Crown Prosecutors in London 
and for Crown Prosecutors in London 
and many counties in England 
and Wiles. 

Starting salaries in the range 
£11,130 - £15.900 (for Crown 
Prosecutors) or £14,315 - £19.465 
(for Senior Crown Prosecutore) 
depending on experience. London 
Weighting up to an additional £1465 
is also paid where appropriate and 
there are opportunities for promotion 
to more senior positions. 

Fbr farther details and an appli- 
cation form (bo be returned by 
2 Januaiy 1987) write to Civil 
Service Commission. Aiencon Link. 
Basingstoke, Hants RG21 1 JB. or 
telephone Basingstoke (0256) 
468551 (answering service operates 
outside office hours). 

Please quote ret 6(1)942. 


The Civil Service Is an equal 
opportunity employer 







Wiggin and Co is a specialist firm of 
solicitors with a strong international 


Due to continuing expansion we are seeking 

TWO solkatOTs to assist in the area of 
private client financial planning. 

The successful applicants will either be 
newly qualified or have been qualified no 
more than two yearn and wilf have had 
relevant experience, probably in the City. 
They will be looking to continue their 
professional life in a modern office outside 
London where the location has proved to be 
no bar to the specialist nature of the firm’s 

Salary at or above London rates. 

Apply in writing in the first instance to: 

T W Osborne, Wiggin and Co, 

The Quadrangle, Imperial Square, 
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, 


Our long established practice at Ay 
and our fast growing practice in Central Milton Keynes 
each need a young and able Solicitor who can 
provide an efficient and friendly property law service 
to our private and commercial diems. 

We also seek such a Solicitor to work ai and assist in 
the management ofouroffice at Stony Stratford, 
Milton Keynes. 

Excellent prospects. 

Please write with full c.v. to:- 
Rj chard Keighley, HorwooJ and James, 

7 Temple Square, Aylesbury, Bucks HP20 2QB. 

(0296) 87361 

f 1 


(Teh 0242 519111) 


Due to continuing expansion, an Assistant Solicitor is 
required for our commercial property department which 
undertakes a wide variety of substantial work including 
development schemes, planning inquiries and lending by 
Major Institutions. The successful candidate will be 
required to have at least two years relevant experience 
and be able to respond positively to a demanding 
clientele. A substantial salary will be offered. 


Write with full details to Peter Oldham, 
at 76 King Street, Manchester M2 4WB. 




£13,000 -£16,000 

Applicants should have experience in civil and criminal Legal 
Aid and preferably general administration and committee work. 

Commencing salary reflecting the experience required will 
be in the above bracket although more would be offered to 
exceptionally qualified candidates. The salary range rises to £20,146 
per annum with annual increments of £806. There are promotion 
prospects to higher grades with salaries rising to £25,153 per annum 
and above. 

Conditions of service include 25 working days leave and an 
index linked contributory pension scheme with dependants 

Applicants who would like additional information are invited 
to telephone the Personnel Manager on 01-353 7411. 

Write in confidence by 12th December. 1986, giving full 
details of education, experience, employment, 
present salary and date available to: 

Personnel Manager, Legal Aid, Legal Aid Head 
Office, The Law Society, Newspaper Boose, 

8-16 Great New Street, London, EC43BN. 


two young solicitors. 

One to assist in toe Conveyancing Department dealing with 
mainly residential conveyancing, the other to assist Tn the 

Litigation Department (foaling with mainly family and personal 
injury claims. 

Friendly office, good prospects. Apply; 

Mrs J Meisner, 28 High Street, Chislehurst, Kent BR7 5AS. 

Telephone; 01-468 7025. 


?3SE? R . r S? jfr ? d ? ur Cort >y Branch Office to undertake dvil 

An opportunity to ]oin a fast expanding practice where the outtnnk 
S^gbc^wrth up to 5 years' experience who is seek^ a ne2 

For the right applicant salary wilt not be a problem. 
Please apply to: 

®raj»*^AWood, Shannan Jackson & Archer, 

9The B^ony, Coprcration Street, Cortry, Northerns 




chip _ . 
'lends ir,, iH; n 
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essor needs 



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Technical Contracts Officer 

c.£ 16,000 pa 



An opportunity exists for a Technical Contracts Officer to loin the pharmaceuc 

the Legal (Commercial) Division of the JntelleduaJ Property function, ora qua 
Department at the headquarters of the Glaxo Group of and a methodic* 
companies, which researches and develops, manufactures and a familiarit 
and markets a wide range of pharmaceutical and veterinary advantageous. 

P ,oducB - The salary quote* 

Your role will involve the preparation and review of licence well qualified eai 
agreements and other contractual arrangements of a London Allowarx 

technical/scientific nature, in support of licensing, materials non-contribulory 
management and research activities. Liaison with other loan and retocatk 

members of the Intellectual Property Department and ForanaoDlicatior 

operating companies wiU form an important part of the Job. Holdings p I c ‘ C 

You should have a good honours degree in physical or W1YODH. Tel: I 

biological science together with several years' experience in ■ 

GlaXO Holdings p.i.c. . 

Clargcs House, 6-12 Clarges Street, London WlY 8DH. Tel: 01-493 406Q Ext. 300. 

the pharmaceutical industry, preferably in a technical 
function, ora qualification in Jaw. Good communication drills 
and a methodical approach are of paramount importance, 
and a familiarity with Intellectual Property would be 

The salary quoted, which could be more for an exceptionally 
well qualified candidate, includes a guaranteed bonus and 
London Allowance. Other benefits include Lunch Allowance, 
non-contributory pension scheme, interest free season ticket 

loan and relocation expenses if necessary. 

For an application form, please contact Miss |an Turner, Glaxo 
Holdings p.l.c.‘ f Clarges House, 6-12 Clarges Street, London 
WlY ODH. Tel: 01 - 493 4060 Ext. 300. 


Our corporate tax department is looking to recruit 
solicitors who are newly qualified or about to qualify and 
who are interested in developing a career in high quality 
corporate tax work. Previous tax experience is not 

The department , $vhich consists of six partners and 17 
other solicitors, specialises in all aspects of company and 
commercial taxation, including corporate finance, capital 
markets, asset financing, international taxation, employee 
benefits, financial products and energy taxation. 

The work is extremely demanding and we are seeking 
those with high academic qualities and an ability to get on 
well with clients and colleagues. 

Long term career prospects and conditions of 
employment are excellent. 

Please write, in confidence, quoting CT/T to:- 
D.E. Ranee, Freshfields, Grindall House, 

25 Newgate Street, London EC1 A 7LH. 

1- p / J Phi 



ii i ii-.! 



i ' 


i _ v 


Due to the continuing growth of the firm 
we wish to appoint a 


in the age range 35 - 45 . 

Applications, in writing only, should be made to 
the Senior Partner, A.D. Parsons, 

73 Cheapside, London EC2V 6ER 

and will be treated in strict confidence. 


Admitted or Unadmitted 

£0730 to £15,00 
Central London 

The Solicitor to London Regional Transport 
requires an experienced Conveyancer to 
undertake work of a significant and varied nature 
Including Landlord and Tenant matters (business 
and resWefitiaJ) for the Corporation and ta 

Subsidiary companies. 

This is a challenging post and applicants must 
be Soildront^Felk^ of the Institute of Le^J 
Executives capable of demonstrating 
achievement in property law andpraedee. 

Among cither benefits, we offer FREE 
TRAVEL on IT sendees and valuable travel 
concessions on British Rail for you and your 

Please phone Jane Cakebread on 
01-227 3655fbr an application form or write to * 
her at Gentral Personnel, London Regional 


Young ."f 10 ^ 

roweyancing salary plus ftlture 

We offer an 


For details. P ,ea * g^U, . 



Have immediate vacancy for 
an articled clerk who has 
passed all heads of the final 

Please reply with cv to 
Andersons Solicitors, 11 
George street, 
Croydon, Surrey. 


(Mowlem Group) 

.John Mowlem and Company Pic require a 
solicitor to fill a new post m the Com- 
pany's legal department at their head 
office in Brentford Middx, near the M4 

The legal department presently has three 
soficitors at Brentford Heal Office and 
one at the Company's BracknefJ office. 
The selected applicant will be based at 
Brentford and become a member of the 
legal team which provides a full legal 
service to the Mowlem Group. This 
position win be concerned generally with 
the professional activities of a legal 
department in a major group of com- 
panies operating in the construction and 
property development field. 

The position would suit a recently ad- 
mitted solicitor with some experience of 
our industry. Initial salary win be 
negotiable above £17,000 pa, together 
with pension and life assurance scheme, 
generous holiday entitlement and other 
staff benefits. Suitable applicants are 
Invited to write in confidence to: 

Group Personnel Manager, John Mowlem 
and Company He, Westgate House, 
Ealing Road, Brantford, Middx TW8 OQZ. 




Partner Designate 

We need an ambitious and skilled 
litigator of partnership calibre 
capable of making a significant 
contribution to a rapidly expand- 
ing section of the firm. 

The work includes major cont- 
ractual and media law problems. 

We are a resourceful, expanding 
and friendly commercial practice. 

If you would like to discuss the 
vacancy in confidence, formally 
or informally, please write or tele- 

Mis Patricia Ellsworth 
Davenport Lyons 
Knightway House 
20 Soho Square 
London W1V 6QJ 

(01) 437 9985 


MatSum sized Central London practice seeks ambitious 
soEcftor of around ttvae yews POE with experience at good 
QtraJtty Yellow Book work. 


Supflfb technician wtti expense m EEC/ 
Compatition/Antf-Tirusi Law. Must have personaRy, drive end 
ambition. Good prospects In a leading Ctiy Ann. 


UnrivaOed opportunities with an eminent City practice to 
carve out a reputation in contentious bmuktg matters, tor a 
' Mgh-caSbre lawyer o! up to three yeers POE. 


Special assignment (or Personal Taxation specialist to work 
in the Bahamas Cor a mafor City Brin. Mealy tor a soHdtor 
wMh very oonadenUe experience in Ms field. 


High cafibra City practice seeks senior Commercial 
Conveyancer wBh Brat class experience of heavy weight 
development work. Must be partner sh ip material. 

,*aiv 'Personnel® 

Staff specialists to the legal profession worldwide 
95 AUwych. London WC2B 4JF. Tel: 01-242 1281 
{ansaphone after office hours) 




Newly qualified solicitors with commercial 
experience during articles are in great demand 
both io industry and private practice. We have 
vacancies at salaries ranging from £12,000 
-£16J)00. If you would like to discuss career 
prdspects please give us a ring. 

(Rec. Conslte.) 

74 Long Lane, London EC) Tel: 01-606 9371 


°* ty,VCPC ^ 







Ensuring efficient and fair practice in 
Court offers a fascinating career to 
lawyers keen for involvement beyond 
the usual limitations of either defence 
or prosecution. 

There can be few specialisms in the 
legal profession to provide such 
variety, both in terms of cases and 
personal involvement. 

And ambitious men and women 
whose administrative ability matches 
their legal qualifications can expect to 
move rapidly through the service 
from Court Clerk to Senior or 
Principal Clerk, and above. 

Court Clerks 

You r role will be to co-ordinate and 
administer the Magistrate's Courts’ 
activities: ensuring correct procedures 
are adhered to at all times; advising 
magistrates; assisting unrepresented 
defendants; ensuring the accuracy of 
defence solicitors; and much more 

Slough has a particularly wide- 
ranging case load: reflecting the 
town's large, cosmopolitan 


Salaries are under review. The new 
range will prove as attractive to 
recently qualified solicitors and 
barristers as it will to experienced 
court clerks. 

Find out more by telephoning or 
writing to Terry Kennedy, 
Consultant, who has been retained to 
handle initial applications. Austin 
Knight Selection. Knightway House, 
Band Lane, Egham, Surrey 
TW20 9NX. Tel: (0784 » 39103 (day) 
or 10784) 33396 levenings/weekends). 
Please quote ref: YS125. 


m Knight m 


Badenoch & Clark 


CITY Wl. To £30,000 

We wish to hear from ambitious young lawyers cuiTentiy Owing to rapid expansion, ourdifint, a medium size West End 
jwoikingfyilh leading provincial turns, who are keen to uroik practice, urgently requires a high calibre insolvency 

within thriving departments of maior law firms in London. A solicitor with a rnvwruirii of two yeas experience lo deal with 
number of Our clients seek qualify candidalcs who will a aJafanMal caseload of insohienqi litigation. The ideal 
have, ideally, 2 years experience in corporate finance candidate will have had insolvency experience within a major 
related matters. Rapid expansion in these areas has created fiim and be seeking' to take on a high profile potential partner 
excellent opportunities for career progression and a highly roleu/tfiiin asmaDerferm. A top salary will be paid accortling to 
competitive remuneration package. age and experience. 


LAWYERS US. investment bank seeks qualify 

Several of our efiente, anal medium and laige Qfy and West expanding corporate finance team 
End practices, have urgent requirements for ambitious between 26-32. should have a top C 
property lawyers. Cancfidates may be qualified or unquatted. academic credentials, and relevant exj 
but must have some relevant experience. Several positions during articles or post-qualification. < 
cany early partnership prosper*. skills are essertfoL 

For dztafls of these and other positions oontad J »i fi A Fansmr or ArfmCnBeM. 


US. Investment bank seeks qualified sohritors to join Its 
expanding corporate finance team. C an d id a t es, aged 
between 26-32. should haue a top City firm training, good 
academic credentials, and relevant experience, gained either 
during articles or post-qualification. Good communication 
dolls are cssentiaL 

Legal and Financial Recruitment Specialists 
16-18 New Bridge St, London EC4V 6AU Telephone: 01 -583 0073 


We are looking for a young solicitor with a good 
academic background who seeks challenging work in a friendly 
atmosphere, to join an expanding team 
within our Commercial Property Group. 

The work will primarily involve high quality development 
and retail property transactions which demand 
a thorough but positive approach. 

Please write with a full curriculum vitae 
to our Staff Partner, Ian McCulloch at 





Beecham Group pic., the international 
consumer products and pharmaceutical 
group, has a vacancy within its 
Headquarters Secretarial Department 
in Brentford, Middlesex. 

The work is varied and demands 
Secretarial, Legal and Administrative 
skills. Candidates should have either a 
legal qualification combined with three 
years’ post-qualification experience in 
the Secretarial Department of a public 
company, or alternatively be a Chartered 
Secretary wife legal experience relevant 
to a Company Secretary^ Office. 

We offer a competitive salary together 
with a wide range of benefits and 
opportunities for progression. 

Please forward full career details to: 

Mr. J.X Savidge, Personnel Officer, 
Beecham Group pkx, 

Beecham House, Great West Road, 
Brentford, Middlesex TW8 9BD. 
Telephone: D1-560 5151 (ext. 3280). 

Beecham Groups 



Our client a rapidly expanding London practice, 
insists wi only recruiting hign-caJibre, ambitious 
solicitors. They are currently seeking a senior 

ft wwwwmi ur MMWIUOW "WIU IIOVV U 

wide ranging experience of both Private and 
Public Company matters, including mergers and 
take-overs, cwporate finance, employment law 
and insolvency. An extremely attractive financial 
package would be available for an energetic 
solicitor who is eager to participate in the firm’s 




We have been instructed by a major City practice 
to introduce to them a high-flying solicitor with 
experience of Commercial Property at a top level. 
The workload consists of heavyweight matters, 
including large-scale development work, on behalf 
of substantial institutional clients and companies. 
This is an exciting opportunity for an enterprising 
•lawyer of a crucial stage of his or her career. 
[There are definite prospects and an enticing 
| financial package. 


Staff specialists to the legal profession imtidwtte 
95 AWwych. London WC2B 4JF. Tel- 01*242 1281 
lansa phone after office hours) 




Parliamentary Draftsman 


The Government of Zamhia is seeking a Parijamentary 
Draftsman to work in Lusaka. 

The successful candidate will draft legislation, give advice on 

draftsmen and give training in drafting legalaliflB. 

Ap plicants Sp Brifah cwiMw willi British 
or Cammon weaUh. legal qnatifinations and several years 

The appointment is an contract to the Government of 
Zambia far a period of 30 to 36 months. Local salary is in die 
range 12504 to 13,204 Kwacha pa, plus a tax free supplement 
payable by ODA, in the range £IQ3S6 to £19/580 pa. A te rm i n al 
gratuity of 25% of local salary is also payable. Other benefits 

and subsidised accommodation. 

Exchange rate as at M October 1986 r £100 stg.— 1L896 Kwacha. 
For an application fo rm, pi»w» write qnoti 
ret AH364/FC/TT, to: Appointments Officer; 

Eaglesham Road, EAST KILBRIDE, Glasgow G75 SEA. 
Or telephone 03582 41199, exten sion 333& 




Newly Qualified — up to 3 years. 

Our Client a resourceful and highly motivated 
London firm, with a broad based commercial 
practice, offers outstanding opportunities for 
several young lawyers of calibre to. deal with a 
varied workload of quality in relation to 
Commercial Conveyancing. 

These are stimulating and re wardin g 
positions which offer excellent career 
prospects within a friendly environment 
coupled with a highly competitive salary. 

Please contact James Davis in complete 
confidence on 01-629 4226 or write to him at the 
address set out below. 




160 New Bond Street 
London WIY OHR England 
Telephone 01-629 4226 
Fax 01-49 1 7459 
Telex 298942 

J $ 



Contracts Manager 

for ITV Sport 

This is a London-based appointment within the Secretariat of ITV 
Sport. Its holder will be responsible for handling contracts with 
sporting authorities, and will also play an important pan in con- 
tract negotiations. 

The successful candidate, with a strong background in contractual 
law, will display a knowledge of and enthusiasm for sports in the 
broadest sense. 

Salary will reflect level of expertise and the importance of the 

Applications marked ‘Strictly Confidential', enclosing a full c.v„ 
should be sent to: 

The General Secretary (PPSL Independent 
Television Companies Association Ltd., 

Knighton House. 56 Mortimer Street, ff Vl 

London, WIN 8 AN. Closing date for 1 1 11 

applications, Monday 15th December 1986. IV JJ j 


If vou are reaMP«inp your 
career or seekin g your first 
position as a s olicitor then 
read on. 

The Oyez Legal Appointments 
Register presents your c.v. each 
month to a wide number of 
potential new employers quickly, 
simply and absolutely free! 

All you have to do is just 
complete one specially designed 
application form, which marshals 
all the relevant information 
about your professional and 
personal qualities. This is then 
included in the Legal Appoint- 
ments Register for a period 
specified by you. (Naturally, 

like to register as a candidate. I 1 

picasc »no me an informal ion pack. ( | 


_ 0»c* Scram Ltd. 

-M Grayrt fna Road. London WCI X 8HR. 
Tdepbone 01-831 228 S 

your identity is withheld until 
interested firms request an 
interview. You are also able to 
exclude specific firms or 

The. Oyez Legal Appointments 
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fastest and most precise way to 
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To find out more send today, 
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Appoint men ts=S 


"*■*"*'' ■•■*i«4«aan*r(wi* 



This is a young, expanding commercial firm with a 
Strong media and entertainments bias which now wishes 
to strengthen its professional team by making the 
following two appointments:- 


Ideal candidates will be newly qualified solicitors or 
those about to qualify, who have a good academic 
background and excellent communication skills enabling 
them to deal with clients from a variety of commercial 


The music department acts for record companies, 
music publishers, recording artists and songwriters. The 
appointment would suit solicitors qualified up to one year 
preferably with relevant experience. An interest both in 
extensive client contact and the music business is 
important. Good social skills and a strong academic 
background are required. 

Salaries are competitive and future prospects 
are excellent Interested applicants should write, enclosing 
a CV to Deborah Sherry, Douglas Llambias Associates 
Ltd, 410 Strand, London WC 2 R oNS, quoting reference 
number 7280 . 

Legal Appointments Division 

Douglas ® Llambias 


Douglas Llambias Associates limited, aio Strand. London WC2R ONS 
TELEPHONE; OT -036 9501 

Trower, Still & Keeling 


Trower, Still Sc Keeling require enthusiastic Solicitors 
to work in theirexpanding commercial property section, 
which services a variety ofintcresting institu rional clients 
providing demanding and challenging instructions. 
Candidates will preferably have at least 2 years' 
experience since qualification and should be capable of 
(and enjoy) working under pressure and meeting quick 
response deadlines. We are also looking for persons with 
a capacity for camaraderie. 

Successful candidates will be offered a competitive 
salary together with other usual benefits. 

Please send full curriculum vitae, in confidence, to: 

Nicholas Hills 
Trower, Slill & Keeling 

5 New Square, Lincobi’s Inn, London WC2A JRP 


The recent merger of two old established firms has 
created the following positions:- 

London (Litigation) 

Solicitor with a minimum of 18 months post qualification 
experience required to undertake variety of largely High Court 
work. Applicants must have energy and drive plus the ability to 
work with minimal supervision. Applications in writing to Paul 
Hadow of London office. 

Godaiming (Property) . 

Young assistant soHcHor or experienced legal executive required 
to undertake residential and commercial proprety work as 
assistant to several partners and to work with minimal 
supervision. Applications in writing to John Math© of London 

Newbury (Property) 

Young energetic solicitor required to assist partner in a variety of 
non-contentious matters. Suit persons with 1 year post 
qualification experience. Applications in writing to Andrew 
Templeman of Newbury office. 

London; Clement House, 99 Altfywcfi, London WC2B 4U 
Newbury: Pboenix House, 9 London Road, Newfnny, Berkshire RG13 1 JL 


Assume Sctetor laquaed lor 
busy 8 axpandtng LBgriKxi 
Pu t tm*«r p-U- 

aKhougn Sts may here boen 
(MM doing Andes. 
Oc dh nt prospects hr HgC 
(men. Setoy nag: contact 

117-119 PORTLAND ST 
1061) 228 1791 

Angtla country lawn office of 
•staMUca firm. £ 16 . 000 . 
Wessex Consonants. 0938 
SSI S3. 

Devon. c£12K. Mary Male. Ac- 
cord Personnel. 0956 815606 
An«Ua wen estaoltshed Otto In 
WWIng demsUaoiL 

£15.000. Won Consultants. 

0935 26185. 

OORHCERCIAL uneaten South 
Coast Including debts and Bulid- 
tos Society. &1 2.000. Won 

Cons ultants. 0956 26185. 
COTS WOLDS Assistant SottcUar. 
Uugattan. Court. £11.500. 
Mat y Mal e. Accord Personnel. 
TeL 0956 815606 

nnauiLi ■ mm senator. 

J*°n-Conleiuious. to £J 2 K. 
Mary Male. Accord Personnel 

0936 816606 

FREE Ust of country vacancies at 
salaries from CT.aoo u> 
C20A0O. OienfEMTS A RMm 
01406 9571.- 

Qiesnwe . msMSs Legal Aid. 
El 0 . 000 . Wessex Consonants. 
0936 26183. 

■ana Amistoni Sought. Gen- 
eral UL £lOK+. Mary Male. 
Accord Personnel 0933 515506 

Legal Resources 
Employment Agency 
needed now 
for assignments 
country wide. 
Tel: 01-405 4985 

By leading cny encore. Moat 
have eoBMoerawe experience in 
hcavywenm c ompany nutters, 
wtth marine bias. CxcdfeM sal- 
ary. Contact Law P e rs o nnel m 
O l 242 1281 (am after bus 

RELOCATING to Cambridge, tps- 
wMi, Bhmtagaam or Bristow 
Solsdlors ur ge n t l y required lor 
Oieae does. Contact Law Per- 
somtef on Ol 2«2 1281 (ansa 

_ after bus hn> 

CARDIFF. Large pr a ctice nas va- 
cmcla for (wo aodetton wan 
al MSI iwo yaars post guallflca- 
Bon e awe rtenra . One In general 
tarnation , asm one *n 
rampany/lnsatvanar flews. Ap- 
ply in writing wttn fus cv m 
mm U Jaws. leoMiam. 
18/19 Mgh 9treeL Cardiff. (Tl 



Soteitor tor na m n w8 wort, I 
genes! dv * Ittpjfcin and some ' 
ertma eoUt uMWJtlsjy (rro. 


We arc 8 well established and progressive firm with 
7 nffime in West Middlesex and Surrey and fie 
provide a comprehensive legal service to a wid e 
r ange of clients. OUT busy OuiflS Offer 1 CO Ogcm * 
wnfrmg en viiuura gPL We seek energetic sdidn usor 
legal executives for die following vacancies to assA 
with tbe expanding volume of work; 

GcncxaSst - Shcppema, ACddksn Young solicitor 
of dm 1/2 yrs post a dmis s i on n ep rrfm r r ip assist 
p p rmn m with residential Gouvejjudng and litigious 

matters. . . 

Opport uni ties exist to develop special interests m 
related areas. 

CosivcyaBCutg . Pdtbroi, Two so lu i n ns 

or legal executives to undertake a .wide range of 
conveyancing matters mainly of a residential nature. 

The salary and benefits for these appointments are 
very god include a quality car. 

Please apply with fid! C.V. quoting JH/145 to; 

J i f>p i Haworth, John H" lllit » 1 ” Associates 

51-53 Efigh Sr, Gn&Haiti, Surrey GUI 3DT. 

Tel: (WS3) 574814. 

aiv, !■ ■■ H 



For branch office of afltparaSng 2 partner firm. Salary 
& prospects negotiable. 

Phone Kevin Bodiey, 

Edwards & Bodiey 

G202 474314 



We of Wight 
Young solicitor to assist 
partner in branch office. 
Enthuslatic all-rounder 
rBqutrpd. Would suit n a st y 
qualified person. Salary 
according to experience. 
Please appfy with M CV to: 

Mr W G Pantotl, 
Robinson Jarvis & Rotf, 
2/3 High Street Cowes, 
tele ofWight P031 7SD. 

3 Lr.t i t^js. 

Requcd by 4 office bin njnuffi 
Lines, to fost tappy and eRusd 
ta minplM Smt nnl ylten must 
be prepared Ed adopt fteobie sppr- 
hsss on Gbgatiaa, rnfflaffy lo assist 
8 2 offices view to eoocant- 
rax al 1 in 1937. Sday by 
l e gu l i B iun pks BUPA. 

Appfy wffli c.v. toe 

Mr. C. Mew, 
Messrs. BL SmMi & Go^ 
Serna Lae, 


UignO y med 2 Assistant Sol- 


(1) For ConvnernJ Cameyaodeg 
«nb up in 2 years exoarimee. 

(2) Rrceotly q uiH iad tor imMy 


Rrese apply Mb CV to: 
Lesley C lar ks o n at 
84 Brook Street 
London WIY 1YG. 



requratf to take charge of 
expending Litinfion 
De par t m ent deafog with 
general Btigafi on indudaig 

apply in 

writing witti CVtm 

■ereUmbCiUtos ■ 
(BefcB'R. 17 Yartier Road. 

'■i— |- ' ~*'i 

Ltacs. NG34 OFF. 

Go West - Bath 

An a u^ l n fl opporajuby res ansen 
tor a mertfy qe*&4 Sofaftr 
wgtRig to widen nj consoh lX r 
eqaranci oo ri i n g in a tsapMtti 
Patnp dea Sng m a triad rapa cf 
conumcid 2nd rutriuittil manm. 
(hand smewsm In a kodng fan 
ffi to mgn of de ft aia. ntne 
NMiuuant palua aquL 
H yui arairerrerd wto to re 
witosapntng drtjfe so a n paly 
i reeling can ba anaipBl to as ieu 
nuua an atoMy. 


Mesas WBby Hn§ & Lea, 

6 HetfinenSartfl Bnldto 

Bate BAT 2JE 


Soldtor or Legal Executiw 
prepatd to do (nature o( woric 
requred in expmding 
Csitoridgeskire toam. Salary 
El MjO? or more far te e right 
applicant, acconfing to 

Ring By 720650. 



A vacancy has arisen m 
very buy Common 
Low set fora 

TEL 01 242 6476 



Firm requires Legal 

ExecuCrw experienced in 
probate and conveyancing. 

Telephone Rpper and 
Roper. Bridport 22227 


Several of our diems in 

Buckinghamshire requite 
Sobcnon for all aspects 
of legal work. Partnership 

Apply Business Back-up, 
^ecmlists in legal peret- 








Lmtos St Kenapment 

CH- 351 7767 

+ SSS? 

Lafre Geneva 

G Mosntsln rea u r t a 
% » bm m umasa • war *■. 
■rat a re pa nre . ware 
nun m Ruusrt ocozn- 

9. The rrlloauieimmt try the Board of their sower to construct ■ 
railway (Work No. *) al Dunstoo in Oeauiead. Tyne and Wear. 
aatborM By the Brtttoh Mlwiys Ad 1986. m weB os a level 
examine over the RedbnMh brooch railway and. Instead, to provide 
for Die Boon! and toe Oatea nrad Borough Council to enter us 
nw ■ no. iilscooccrieoB a now level crueolnB lobe coratrortod mjterol 
lo Thomsoa level croseBia u Durmob: wfm epedei provlMen for the 
eonsmetion. apevallon end maintenance nr Ihel 1 1 liaMuu ami im the 

ia PiuvMen lor nte transfer to the Board or the rtowe and oMieedaie 
of the Nationa l Goal Board in rasM of nan of Uie la Multi branch 
railwav at BbrUi and tor Die purchase By Die Bond of Die land m Die 
Borough of Btvth forming tbe Me . at toe Branch railway ibbib 
lacUBate IB m al n tenne end age tv the Board. 

11. Power for (he British Rail peraloa Company Leaned (a wholly- 
owned aubddigryof the Board] to wmd up Use ttumwrnBMww 
New Pension Fund and New Pension (SusstenmtaD Fund Trust 
Mmol and Die North Eastern and Great Eastern S u perannuation 
Societies and Pmuien Funds JMBlTnM Account exuL having repaired 
to the Board the surntut assets, lo transfer the an in and the 
ohagaUons af those trim accounts to me L.NXJL fOW) Section of the 
Amalgamaied Secttonof the British Hallways SuperammaUoa Fund. 

12. To r e en act section 32 rSavtam bank) of the British Railways Act 
1966 to provide for the British RaSwtvi Savtngs Company Udm m 
whoay«wned s ubsi d iary of Uie Braid) which is suUect to Die 
supervisory l u r ls dlctton of Bis Bank of Pietend under the Bonking Act 
1979. to be no lo nger s ubjec t to (be j u risd i ct i o n of the Ragtsuar of 
Friendly Societies. 

13. Provkstons of a general nature app tl caMe to or IB conse q uence of 
Uie tatended Ac t tnrtudliig the ragsel of g msndm e n l or certain 
spedflfd enactraenls. 

AND NOTICE IS FURTHER GIVEN that Mans and oecdoas of Die 
works and plans of the land which may he pwchaaed w used undcr 
D*e intended Act. wnn a book of reference to such plans, as affecting 
uie foflowtng areas, have been deposited for public aupectlon s*Kh Die 
approprtme officer of the ana co nce rn e d as todow*;. 
County of Cantoridgestitre 

Director of Finance and Ad minist ration- sure HoB. castle HtO. 


taty Of P ele itei u u g li 

Legal end AdfTdnistradvo Officer. Town Had. Bridge SUM. 
Pt tcr b oro uul t: 

Parish of Brecon 

Mr 8 PreudhrtBe. Clerk. Bratton Parish Council. 16 Rtngwood. Sotutb 

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County of Dorse! 

County Soucnor. County HaU. Dorchester: 

Boro u gh of moff 

Town am and Oilef Executive Officer. Civic Centre. Poole 
County of Durham 

Odef Executive and Ctak. County HaU. Durham: 

District Of Eastngtoa 

mndpal Ctdef Officer. Council Offices. Seaside Uew. Eastngtoa. 
IMi rim 

Parish of Monk Hcaladon 

Mr G B Gardiner, caerk. Monk Hceledon Parish CounclL HDlcrasL 
Rodrldge Lane. Hutton Henry. HarticpooL 
City of Diatiam 

Town Oeik and Chief Executive. Byland Lodge. Hawthorn Terrace. 

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Employer's Association. The work is varied and demanding and involves 
the provision of secretarial support to three industrial relations executives, 
arrangement of conferences and appointments and other administrative 
duties. You must be used to working on your own initiative and first-class 
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(preferably IBM Displaywriter). Preferred age 25-35. although applications 
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The job offers a good salary, five weeks holiday and subsidised staff 

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Deputy Director & Secretary 

23 Essex Street STRAND London WC2R 3AR 

YorfcsUrc. Wcastx I 
0955 26185 

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a! Robson cresemL Bow burn. Durham : 

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S KLJL2" m> ‘ °* rtu ”*** Part * r ' Coanen. 13 Wayetoe. CaxOMa. 

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County Secretary ana Sottdlor. County He*. MaMatone: 

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M rs H u tteu._ Oerfc. xauaiawn Parish CounclL 41 Mm Lmw. 
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County of Mkl Olarnorgan 

County Oerk and Coordinator. Mid Cfcuaor gan . County Hall. 
CMhays Park. Cardiff: ”*“• 

Borough of TaHDy 

Chief Executive and Clerk. Municipal Buddings, Pontypridd: 

Community of Lfcmmsaal twrnnr. 

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Local clubs reach breaking point 


the great 


Just w hen there is the 
greatest demand for the 

' * improvement of Britain ’s 
sporting fac ilities, they are 
■ -under threat from local 
authorities. The damage 
could be immprfi/Jip nrtd 
irreparable. In the first of 
two articles John Goodbodv 
examines the plight of South 
Shore Lawn Tennis Club as 
an example of the clubs in 

South Shore Lawn Tennis 
Club, Blackpool, is in many 
ways typical of sports dubs in 
Britain. Run by hard-working 
amateur officials, who invest 
tune and often professional 
expertise in organization, 
these clubs are now hovering 
on the brink of extinction 
because of the increase in local 

What makes South Shore 
unusual is that h possesses a 
rare commodity, an indoor 
tennis court Although the 
lament is heard every June 
that Britain will not produce a 
Wimbledon men's champion 
until we have more covered 
facilities, the Blackpool dub is 
considering knocking down 
the court to reduce the rate- 
able value. 

u lt is my committed belief 
that this is the only way for the 
dub to return to a financially 
sound basis," Maurice Hill, 
the dub's president said. The 
indoor court is unique in the 
area. To find a similar public 
facility exclusively for tennis. 

Seeking a set gain; Members Cofin Goodwin (left) and NeS Clarke bare joined South Shan Tennis Chib's battle for survival 

one has to travel over 50 miles 
to Manchester or cross the 
Pennines to Dkley. 

The Lawn Tennis Associ- 
ation is seeking to increase the 
number of indoor courts in 
Britain. From 140 in 1983 
there are now 227 and this 
year the Sports Council and 
the All England dub, together- 
with the LTA, launched the 
Indoor Te nnis Initiative to 
erect facilities to match those 
commonplace abroad. The 1 
dub has written to the LTA 
asking them to help persuade 
the local authority to reduce 
their rateable value on wfaal is 
a non-profit making tennis 
dub. - 

The financial state of South 
Shore is acute because the 
rates have jumped from 
£2,363 in 1980-81 to £3,934 in 
1986-87. This is despite the 
feet that in 1980, the dob had 
no relief on its rates, but this 
year received a discretionary 

relief of £546 which reduced 
the amount payable from the 
original demand of £4,480. 

This is not alL Because 
water rates are calculated on 
the rateable value of the 
property these have increased 
proportionately. In 1980-81 
the dub paid £749 in water 
rates. With two-quarters still 
to come in the financial year 
the figure is now at £950. 

South Shore is paying al- 
most double the amount in 
rates and water rates com- 
pared with six years ago. 
Economies have been tried. 
Bany Hark, the dub treasurer 
and a chartered accountant 
said that it has cut its expen- 
diture “in real terms by about 
50 per cent in the last five 
years" Whereas it used to 
have two full-time 
groundsmen plus a part-time 
fl<siKtayfl as well as a full-time 
professional coach, there is 
now just one full-time 

groundsman. The coaches are 

The dob has one indoor, 
eight grass, five . all-weather 
and three shale courts (two 
floodlit) and a finely ap- 
pointed clubhouse bar. The 
complex is regularly used for 
county championships and 
open junior tournaments. It 
won the Gub of the Year 
award from the LTA in 197S 
due, in part to its enterprise in 
building the indoor court the 
previous year. 

The dramatic increase in 
rales has meant that the dub 
has not made a profit since 
1979. It is paying off £25,000, 
used for improving the out- 
door courts, loaned from the 
Blackpool Borough Co uncil 
lottery fund. With VAT, 
PAYE and rates, over £20,000 
a year is going to national and 
local government. 

The lack of money has 
meant economies and these 

have led to a drop in member- 
ship from about 750 to 600: 
This is a familiar tale for all 
dubs throughout Britain. 

“If we do not provide the 
facilities then we lose mem- 
bers. They do not go to other 
dubs, they just stop playing," 
Noel Senior, the dub secretary 

Blackpool Borough Council 
is sympathetic and has dis- 
cussed the club plight with its 
officers. Graham Essex- 
Crosby, the chief financial 
officer agrees that the club has 
a fairly nidi rating but points 
out that mis is fixed by the 
independent district valuer 
and that in any case 80 per 
cent goes to Lancashire 
County Council. The Blade- 
pool CounriTs policy is that 
rate relief which is dis- 
cretionary throughout Britain, 
is limited to 50 per cent of the 
rates chaxgable up to £500 of 
rateable value. “We are trying 

to help sport We have lent 
Blackpool Football Gub 
£150,000 and the Rugby 
League dub £10,000 in in- 
terest free loans. 

"But the last few years have 
marked a period of some 
inflation, an increase in local 
expenditure and a reduction 
in central government grants. 
If we are to maintain services 
the rates have to be 

Yet the fact remains that 
South Shore would save about 
£2,000 if its indoor facility 
were knocked down. As Hark 
said: “We are in the situation 
of many dubs. If local or 
central government do not 
help us local dubs simply will 
not exist any more." 


The national scale of the rates 
demand and its effect on the 
Mura of British sport 

victory for 

Atlanta (Reuter) — West 
Germany's Boris Becker, the' 
No. 2 player in the world, 
battled bade, to beat John 
McEnroe 3-6, 6-3, 7-5 in the 
$500,000 (about 050.000) At- 
lanta Chanenge exhibition ten- 
nis tournament on Sunday and 
then admitted he could think of 
no better way to prepare for this 
week's Masters Championship 
in New York. 

“When John and I play, it's 
always the best tennis,'’ the 
Wimbledon champion 
said.“We bring out the best in 
each other and never have a bad 
match. ”he said. Becker started 
slowly but his game gathered 
pace as the two-and-a-balf bom- 
match wore on. Becker swept to 
victory on the strength of his 
.powerful serve, delivering 14 
aces and dropping only five 
points on his own serve in the 
second set. 

Becker, who also needed three 
sets to beat the American in the 
round robin section of the 
tournament earlier in the week, 
broke McEnroe in the opening 
game of the final set and looked 
set for a comfortable victory. 

But when McEnroe broke 
back to level the final set at 3-3- 
in a game of 10 deuces the 
match came to life. Becko" broke 
McEnroe to 15 in the eleventh 
game and then clinched the 
match with yet one more ace. 

McEnroe, who defeated Umdl 
6-4, 7-5 in Saturday’s semi-final 
round, had lost to Becker 6-3, 5* 
7. 7-5 in the first round of tbe 
week-long round robin tour- 
nament last Tuesday. Since 
reruraing to the tour in August, 
McEnroe has won three events 
and earned $100,000 for his 
runner-up finish here. 

• McEnroe, currently serv- 
ing a 42-day suspension from 
the grand prix circuit: is set to 
nlay in the Australian Open 
Tournament which begins on 

January 12. 


Sweden’s little girls really 
are made of all things nice 

arid type of 
books they 

The first wfaners of the 
European Cup, a team 
championship far wom e n, are 
two Swedish sprites who are so 
chammy and ente, so easy to get 
along with, so typical of the ideal 
sisters or daughters, that it Is 
difficult to dunk of theat ia 
anything but Christian 
terms. In the 
rankings and record 
are Catania Lindqrist and Ca- 
rina Karfeson. 

These two spread suuMu 
around then. They have a smile, 
a greeting, perhaps a joke, far 
everyone they knew. They are 
also the kind of women a man 
Ukes to look at and flirt wife 
across a candle-Ht dining table. 
But tf yon want to find them In 
the evenings it is no nse looking 
in fee obvious places: foe posh 
restaurants in or Mar posh 
hotels. There is ao prima-doana 
nonsense about foe Swedes, no 
craving for the tinsel trappings 
ofcelebrity status. 

When dining out during a 
tournament I like to get off the 
track to some unfashionable and 
possibly unsophis tica ted res- 
taurant, the kind one tends to 
find m hack streets that lead off 
back streets. Tbe chances are 
Out foe Swedes will be there, or 
will torn up, or have jnst left It 
has happened this year, as 
examples, on the wooded out- 
skirts of Berlin and in a Utile 
town called Maahassct, where 
most of foe crickets an Lang 
Island seem to congregate. 

The Berlin restaurant, hidden 
away near a forest, tends to be 
populated by so many huge does 
that It Is like dining at Graft's 
when foe large breeds are on 
show. The Swedes were there. 
They also tracked down a cosy 
Kalian place in Manhasset. “We 
bad foe Swedish girls here,” 
said the patron, beaming with 
remembered pleasnre. “What a 
great bunch they are." 

Miss Kaxisson explains then 
itinerant habits thus: 

“We enjoy dying to find new 
restaurants, jnst to get away 

from the temtis — we have 
enough of font during the day. 
At night we go oat together and 
look far differ en t places. We like 
H»at? aaiing and talking with 
each other and anybody else who 

happens to be aramd.” 

...They can play toms, -too. 
Miss Karlssoo qualified for 
Wimbledon in 1984, reached the 
quarter-finals and evidently 
thought ft a great lark. She kept 
grinning at friends, indu i ng in 
childish skips and hops and 
and taking time off to 
daylights out of foe 


Miss Lindqrist has risen 
higher and has a classic back- 
hand. In the most recent g r an d 
clam tournam en t s she advanced 
to file last eight (Australia and 
Wimbledon) or the last 16 
(France and United States). You 
coaid say that Miss Karlssea 
raised foe Swedish ba nn er hto 
Mist lindqrist carried it 

The Swedes enjoy 
working together 

Last week, at VaHenswaard 
(a villa) 
played for 
air fares, hotel and dining bills. 
But there was bo profit mil— no 
match fees, no pri ze m o ney . Yet 
foe Swedes were always the star 
tom and (after an almost termi- 
nal hiccup against .supposed 
Dutch “rabbits") they woo foe 

“We don't get a cent," Miss 
Karbson said. Sbe was not 
complaining — simply answering 
a question. *T wanted to play 
because my ranking has dropped 
so mmA. I've had a really bad 
year and I want to play a lot of 
matches. And I like to do things 
for the federation if I have time 
and it fits into my schedule. 
Catarina is the same." 

Volvo are sponsoring a Swed- 
ish Federation scheme — essen- 
tially three squads of players. 

with a coach for every squad — in 

an effort to raise foe women's 
■ game to a level comparable with 
the men's. It helps that rivals 
though they are, foe Swedes' 
enjoy wor k ing and haring fan 

together and get on weD with 
■everyone else. 

Within a year the overall 
Sw edish standard i»— already 
improved and on the Inter- 
national circ ui t Miss Lindqrist 
has been more consistently 
prominent than any ether 
woman in foe history of Swedish 
tennis. But Miss Lindqrist and 
Miss Karlssea are both 23. 
Sweden most probably wait for 
foe next generation before 
prodneiag a ge n ui n e ly great pair 
and perhaps winning the world 
team cham pm ashi p for the 
Federation Cup. 

Miss Lindqrist unexpectedly 
turned op at foe Albert Hall for 
the first day of Britain's recent 
Wightman Cup contest with the 
United Stales. “My American 
boy friend Eves in London, so I 
qiend a lot of time there," she 
says. “I tiked foe Wightman 
Cup. It was speriaL So much 
tradition. Bat it was a pity for 
the crowd. They were so moated 
— bat Goner lost and theo Croft 
lost and foe crowd were really 
down. But people go because of 
foe tradition. 1 don't thin k 
Europe v the US would ex cite 
that many." 

Talking of tradition, it is 50 
years since the Swedes invented 
a European team championship. 
They have woo the men’s event 

more often than any other nation 
and the fnaagaral women's tide 
has gone in foe same direction. 
Yalkenswaard was fan. 

Back home in Matharst, one 
now has an argent appointment 
at a favourite pub restaurant. It 
would be no mprise to find foe 
Swedes there: bright-eyed and 
happy and charming everyone m 

ti ght. 

Rex Bellamy 

Sugar Carina Kaoisson 

Spice: Catarina Iindgyist 


Violence in Slough 
league match 
tarnishes image 

By Norman de Mesquite 

Tbe image of foe game in 
Britain has been tarnished by 
the events of tbe weekend when 
players on bofix rides in tbe 
Hemeken League matc h be- 

Piniies’took 1 the law^UMbetr 
own hands. 

Having recovered from a 54 
deficit lo lead 10 - 6 , Peter- 
borough were <toasting when one 
of their players, Ellwyn 
Dawkins, taking the ice for foe 
first tune in fite match, suefcer- 
Dnnched Slough’s best player, 
Danin Zinger. Dawkins was 
given a five-minute penalty for 
the offence, which lea to Zinger 
spending a night in hospital with 
a collapsed windpipe. 

During the end-of-game 
handshake Da wkins was Set 
upon by the two Slough goal- 
tenders — and all this happened 
with tbe sponsors, Heineken, in 

After tbe game both teams 
apologized to the sponsors’ 
representatives for what had 
happened. Tim O’ Neill, tbe 
sponsorship director of 
Whitbread, said: “It is not for 
Heineken to comment on an 
incident that may well be the 
Subject of investigation by foe 
relevant authorities." 

Tbe win at Slough, followed 
by a home success over Rich- 
mond, took Peterborough’s 
record to seven wins in as many 
games, and they are now in 
fourth place. Lee Valley Lions, 
with an easy home win over 
Bournemouth, took over at foe 
top of tbe fust division, relegat- 
ing Trafford Metros to second 

Dundee Rockets continue to 
te nd foe premier division and 
extended their club-record se- 
quence of victories to eight, with 
a home win over Durham 

Wasps and an away win against 
Whitley Warriors. Craig 
Homola contributed seven 
goals, but once again tbe 
Rockets' outstanding performer 
was Jaroslav Lycka. All the 
earty-season traumas over foe 
Mark Pavelich signing are now 
forgotten as tbe former Czecho- 
slovak international continues 
to impress. 

Nottingham Panthers set upa 
record with 1 1 goals, the most 
they have ever scored at home 
in a Hemeken League match. 
But MmrayfieM Racers man- 
aged 15. At Durham on Sunday, 
however, die Racers failed to 
reach double figures for foe first 
time in the Jeigne this season 
and were held 8-8 by Wasps. 

Ayr Brains have suddenly 
emerged as a threat to foe 
leaders, and two away wins took 
them into third place. In both 
successes (64 at Sfreatham and 
5-4 si SolihsP) they had cause to 
be grateful to their goal tender, 
John McCrone. He handled a 
total of 100 shots in the two 

Fife Flyers have at last 
emerged from their slump and, 
with Dave Stoyanovitch and 
Mike Jeffrey each scoring four 
times, they embarrassed Whit- 
fey Warriors 13-2. 

CNMtend Bonttsn 5. SoBud Barons 13: 
Dundee Rockets 10. Durtiani Wasps 6: 
Rta Flyers 13. WNUsy Warriors £ 
Notengham Panthers 11. Murrayflekl 
Racers 1& Stratum RadsUns 4, Ayr 
Bruins 6; Durham Wasps 8, Miarayfiefd 
Racers S; SoOnui Barons 4, Ayr Bnws 5; 
Whttay Warriors A Dundee Rockets & 
Rrst dMston: Irvine Whips ID. Sunder- 
land Cteete 18; Oxford Chy Staid 4. 
Glasgow Eagles t£ Slough Jets 7. 
RsoAorurtTfraiBB 12; TetKad Tigers 7. 
Medway Bears 7: Kirkcaldy Kestrels & 
Blackpool Seagate 2; Lea VaBey Lions 9. 
Bournemouth stags 4: Peterborough 
Piraim 13. Richmond Flyers 3; Southamp- 
ton VHngs 14, Gtoqow Erim 7. 


Bears kick their 
way to the top 

By Robert Kirley 

The Chicago Bears and the 
Washington Redskins became 
the first teams to earn positions 
in the National Football League 
play-ofis on Sunday, and both 
teams relied on their kickers to 
overcome tenacious underdogs. 
The Beats* 13-10 win in over- 
time against the Pittsburgh 
Steefera secured Chicago’s thud 
consecutive title in the NFC 
Central division, and Wash- 
ington gained at least a wild- 
card berth in the NFC play-ofls 
with a 20-17 win against the St 
Louis Cardinals. 

At Chicago, Kevin Butler 
kicked a 42-yard field goal with 
3min 55sec elapsed in overtime. 
Tbe kick was not without its 
redemptive qualities for Butler, 
who had missed three field-goal 
attempts, including a 28-yard 
chip shot in the final minute of 
regulation time. 

Tbe Bears won the overtime 
coin toss but chose to kick off 
and rely on their redoubts We 
defensive unit because of swirl- 
ing winds in tbe Windy City. 
The Steefera, who could not 
advance the ball, were forced to 
punt Mike Tomczak, foe Beats' 
quarterback, threw a 27-yard 
pass to the Steelera* 25-yard line 
two Ways before Butler's de- 
risive kick. Tomczak connected 
on 19 of30 passes for 235 yards. 

Tbe Bears were involved in 
one of three overtime games; the 
Cleveland Browns beat tbe 
Houston Oilers 13-10 and tbe 
Philadelphia Eagfes stunned the 
Los Angeles Haiders 33-27. 
Mark Moseley, formerly of 
Washington and signed by 
Cleveland last week, averted a 
draw by kicking a 29-yard field 
goal 16sec from the dad of the 
overtime period. 

At St Louis, Max Zendejas 
kicked a 27-yard Grid goal 4sec 
from time to propel the Red- 
skins. The Car dinals had lev- 
elled the score 5 min 23 sec from 
time when Neil Lomax threw a 
35-yard touchdown pass to Roy 
Green, who made the 300th 
catch of his career. Jay Schroe- 
der. of Washington, threw for 
256 yards and two touchdowns. 

At East Rutherford, New 
Jersey, Jerry Gray forced a 
fumble and intercepted a pass 
and Eric Dickerson rushed for 
107 yards and a touchdown as 
the Los Angeles Rams beat the 

England Patriots 21, New 
into 20; Atlanta Falcons 20. 

New York Jets 34-28. The Jets 
have lost two consecutive games 
since reeling off nine successive 
victories. Dickerson scored on a 
four-yard run in the fourth 
quarter foi his 55th career 
touchdown, equalling the dub 
record establmied by Elroy 
“Crazy legs" Hindi in the 1950s. 
Dickerson leads the NFL in 
rushing with 1,523 yards. 

The temperature in Denver 
was 20 deg F hot John Elway 
stoked up his arm and threw 
three touchdown passes as the 
Broncos beat the Onchmati 
Beqgab 34-28 to draw within 
one win of the AFC West title. 

RESULTS: Lo* Angataa Hams 17. New 
York Jen 3; CNcago Basra IS. Pfusbunh 
Otaote r n 10 (Ol); San Dtego Charqare 17. 
Jndtanapofe Colts 3; Minnesota 
45, Tampa Bay Buccaneers 13; 
ingun RadcUna 20. StLouia CaiWntia 17; 
Buffalo BOB 17. Kansas City Owls 14: 
Cleveland Bnwvin 13. Houston OUam 10 
w ------ 

Orleans Sainte 
Miami Dofofans 14; Denver Broncos 34, 
Onchmaii Bengsfts 28; PMIaMpNa Ea- 
gta 3S. tna Angefas RaUn 27p7T). 


Eastern Division W L D F A 

NOW York Jets 10 3 0 309265 
New England Pstriofa 10 3 0 347220 

Miami Dolphins fi 7 0 335 313 

Buffalo Bu 4 9 0 249387 

MfenapofasCota 0 13 0 147339 

Central Division W LD F A 

Cleveland Browns 9 4 0 289273 

CfadnnaU Benpato 8 5 0 323332 

Ptttswtfi StaSera 4 9 0 216271 

HotsamOflera 310 0 235285, 

Western Division W LD F A 

Denver Broncos 10 3 0 321219 

LA Raders 8 5 0 282259 

Kansas CUy Chiefs 7 6 0 2772BO 

Seattle Seahawfcs 7 6 0 254253 

San Diego Chargers 310 0 267315 

Eastern OMsfon W LD FA. 
Redskins 11 2 0 303227- 

rYOfKQfaltt 10 2 0 244174 

« 7 6 0 305261 

Philadelphia Eagtef, 4 9 0 2092® 

St Lous Canfinab 310 0 160297 

Central Division W LD F A 

"Chicago Bean 11 2 0 264150 

Minnesota Vkingfi 7 8 0 323227 

DWOtlUonS 5 8 0 241263 

Green Bay Packers 3 10 0 203324 

Tampa Bay Bucs 211 0 201383 

Western Division W LD F A 
Los Angfaes Rams 9 4 0 235196 
San Frandsco 48ers 7 4 1 280178 
Attenta Falcons 6 6 1 228232 
New Orleans Stoss 6 7 0 230214 
• Ooes not Indude teat ntafaTe para 
Sen Francisco 49am « New Ycafc (Santa. 

t Wen at Matt riM pteroff berth. 

IWash I 
Now Yo 

Law Report December 2 1986 

Queen’s Bench Divisional Court 

Sending juvenile for trial with adult Sureties 

.... . . ■ . ■nliMli.' tA mmmil Damn, c Imhu T nnrinn r man 

Regina v Doncaster Crowa 
CourtT E* Ciwni 

Prosecution Service 
Rr»fhn? Lore! Justice Stephen 

M £ » Juai “ TudOT 

[judgment December I] 

When justices were consid- 


Um 1 

non i nv/ . was nec- 



temwas bemg pi- 

js-^ss; a 

areisiuu , Tocr; M AN to 

on June 26, 1986 t 

Mr cSrge Eng- 

prosecution; Mr George 
Endfor foe defendant 


defendants. His co-defendants 
included two juveniles and four 
adults. On that day foe justices 
considered the mode of tnal of 
foe defendants pursuant to sec- 
tions 1910 21 of 1980 ACL 
In relation to the juvenite, 

the court had to consider foe 
position under section 24UXb) 
the Act which provided: 
“Where a person under foe age 
of 17 appears or is brought 

before a magistrate cwrtcraan 
information wrth 

an indictable office ofo?r than 
homicide, be shall be tried 

simunanly. nifcss • • • 

charged jointly with a peraoa 
who ha* attained the age of 17, 
and foe court considers rt nec- 

Ssaty in the interests, of justice 

ggjnmit them bot h forma l. 

The justices beard represents- 
tints from both sides and 
dSermined that m 
with section 21 foe oOences 
were more suitable for jury tnaL 
They said that it was ; m foe 
joTf-rests of justice that the 
Sne and foe adnfts be 
Smm!oed%tly fbr nfal m 

“Tto ten adjourned ftr tbe 

rnmrmttal proceedings to take 

instituted bench sf to con- 
■A»r foe committal proceed- 
ing? Th e defendant did not 



all his co-defendants and his 
solicitor was present 

Tbe justices considered wit- 
ness statements and made foe 
order committing the co-defen- 
dants for trial The next day the 
defendant appeared with his 
solicitor before a differently 
constituted bench- who had all 
foe committal papers . in. the 
joint case. 

No point was taken on juris- 
diction or tbe sufficiency of 
evidence. The justices made foe 
order committing him for trial 
to the crown court with tbe 
others jointly chaised. 

The defendant was jointly 
indicted with the offences and 
on June 26 he appeared at 
Doncaster Crown Court to- 
gether with his co-defendants. 
Counsel (fid not take any point 
on the validity of foe committal. 

However, the judge declined 
to deal with foe defendant on 
foe ground that foe committal 
was not valid under section 
24{l Xb)ofthe 1980 Act because 
the joint committal should not. 
have been split by even 24 
hours. He therefore said that the 
mazier had to be refereed back to 

tbe justices. 

Before their Lordships it was 

then decided whether to commit 
foe juveniles with the adults and 
derided that ft was in the 
interests of justice lo do so. 

It then fell to foe court to 
decide whether to put individ- 
ual defendants on trial sod the 
justices decided that there was 
enough evidence for trial. 

The justices acted perfectly 
property. They bad considered 

sat to am- said that foe justices had prop- 
erty considered section 24(1 Xb) 

„„ , - on March 19 and had property 

Lnrwar of that day because he considered foe mode of trial of 
u^Hheen arrested for a different -aD- foe defendants and bad 
offence and was m custody, hut derided on jury iriaL They had 

section 24(IXb) and therefore r 
the judge fell into error. That 
subsection was quite clear. 

When a juvenile appeared 
jointly with an adult, the court 
had to consider whether they 
should commit them together. 
They had taken that decision on 
March 19. At the later proceed- 
ings they only had to consider 
whether there was sufficient 
evidence to put them on trial 

There was nothing in section 
24(1 )(b) to show that the order 
to commit for. trial had to be 
made on the same occasion in 
respect of foe jnvenile and adult 
defendants charged jointly with 

What mattered was that there 
should be a consideration of 
section 24{lXb) when both the 
adults and the juveniles were 
before the court and that was 

Mr Jirttice Tudor Evans 

agreed- 7. 

Solicitors: Crown Prosecution 
Serviee. Tfamsfcyr Millar Sagar 
& Co, Doncaster. 

Regina r Inna London Crown 
Court, Ex parte Springail and 

Before Lord Justice Croom- 
Jobnson and Mr Justice Peter 

(Judgment November 27] 

A judge wrongly exercised his 
discretion in ordering 
estreatment of the 
reco gnizanc es of two sureties 
when he failed to take proper 
account of their conduct upon 
learning of the defendant’s dis- 
appearance and of the fact that 
the defendant's conditions of 
bail had been varied whhooifoe 
sureties’ knowledge in a manner 
which might have been relevant 
to their willingness to remain 
bound as such. 

The applicants, Arthur 
Thomas Springail and John 
Stephen Smith, sought judicial 
review of an order by Judge 
Peter Mason, QC, at Inner. 
London Crown Court on June 
1 9, 1985 that tbe applicants each 
forfeit recognizances in tbe sum 
of £15,000. 

Tbe Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Court granted orders of 
certiorari to quash the order and 
mandamus directing the rehear- 
ing of foe /matter before a 
different tribunal. 

Mr David Waters for foe 
applicants; neither tbe judge nor 
foe prosecutor appeared or was 


said that the applicants had 
entered into sureties on the 
defendant's behalf on December 
13, 1984. The conditions of the 
defendant’s bail included a 
requirement to report twice 
daily to a police station. 

At committal proceedings be- 
fore Camberwell Magistrates’ 
Court foe record of the court 
included that condition. In foe 
bail form sent to the Inner 
London Crown Court, however, 
it had been struck out, so that 
that court was under the im- 
pression that reporting to foe 
police station was not one of tbe 
bail conditions. 

. At the end of May 1985 foe 
defendant absconded to Spain. 
Tbe sureties claimed that within 
a day or two they had reported 
the matter to foe police station 
at Deptford and both wrote 
tetters to'foe officer in charge of 
foe case asking to be released 
from their obligations as sure- 

On June 19, 1985 the matter 
was called before foe crown 
court for the sureties to show 
cause why their recognizances 
should not be estreated. The 
-hearing on that date was very 
unsatisfactory. The questions, 
when the reporting restriction 
had been lilted and the date of 
the defendant’s absconding were 
not resolved. 

The case of R v Southampton 
Justices. Ex parte Green (1 1976] 
QB 11), as modified by R v 
•Waltham Forest Justices. Ex 
parte Paifrey ([1980] Crim LR 
571), derided that in consid- 
ering whether or not to estreat 
foe recognizance of a surety the 
court could look ai tbe conduct 
of the surety to see whether 
there were mitigating factors. 

The judge paid no attention in 
this case to the question how far 
foe sureties’ conduct was cul- 
pable, or to foe fact that they 
had taken steps to notify foe 
police of foe defendant’s 

The court in R v Wells Street 
Magistrates' Court. £x parte 
Albanese ([19S2] QB 333) had 
held that it was permissible also 
to take into account a change in 
bofi conditions affecting the 
defendant if relevant in the 
vnv tha t had foe surety known 
about it he might ha w w*fo- 
, drawn his consent to foe obliga- 

In this case no consideration 
was given to that matter at all 
although it was raised before the 

JOHNSON said that there was 
another matter which gave 
cause for concern. At committal 
foe defendant’s trial was ■vi 

for July 1, 1985. When foe 
sureties learnt of foe defendant’s 
disappearance and reported it, 
in order to verily that report the 
case was re-listed for June 5. 

As the defendant was required 
as a condition of bail to reside at 
a named address the simplest 
investigation by foe police 
would have shown that be was 
not there. There was finle point 
in re-listing foe case to discover 

On June 5 the judge ad- 
journed the matter of 
estreatment to June 1 9. There 
was on that date still the faint 
possibility that foe defendant 
might turn up for his trial. There 
was no possible reason for 
forfeiture at that stage. 

The judge ordered forfeiture 
of foe recognizances with liberty 
to apply for foe order to be 
varied if foe defendant pre- 
sented himself on July I- The 
order made on June 19 was 
premature. The time to have 
made it was on July 1 when it 
was known that foe defendant 
would not turn up to stand trial. 

Certiorari would tie and the 
order would be quashed. 
Mandamus would be granted to 
direct the court to rehear the 
question whether the 
recognizances should be 

Solicitors: Sears Blok, 




Case for progressive Conquering 
is built on firm foundations 

Following that victory at 
Newbury 12 days ago, for 
which be has not been penal- 
ized, Conquering has a first- 
rate chance of winning the 
Praill Motor Group Handicap 
Chase at Hereford today and 
he is my nap. 

The case for backing Fred 
Winter’s eight-year-old to 
keep his unbeaten record this 
season intact rests on rock- 
solid foundations. 

R unning far the first time in 
18 months because tendon 
trouble caused him to miss the 
whole of last season. Conquer- 
ing won the Whitbread West 
Country Handicap Chase over 
three rmies and a furlong— the 
distance of today’s race — at 
Devon on November 11. And 
he did so by beating Two 
Coppers, FeU Climb and 
Lucky Vane. 

That was some performance 
even though he was carrying 
only lOst Jib. In the mean- 
time, Two Coppers and Fell 
Climb have both finished 
second in competitive races at 
Newbury, Two Coppers in the 
Hennessy and FeU Climb in 
the BMW Final Chase, while 
Lucky Vane has returned to 
something approaching his 

By Mandarin (Mkhad Phittips) 

best wtth a six-length success Nottingham, Mount Oliver with Golden Minstrel, should 

at Sandown only last Friday. 

After his win in the West 
Country Conquering carried 
his penalty to victory at 
Newbury in a race confined to 
conditional jockeys. 

Without many way wishing 
to belittle Guy Landau, who 
rode him that day. Conquer- 
ing looks the sort to benefit 

now looks too dose to 
Conquering in this handicap 

also be his for the taking. _ 
His stable companion 

from a stronger, more expert- Sonars Novices’ Chase so he 

and I am more afraid of Musical Mystery , wbo is my 
Mayanncor who was beaten selection for the ira division 

only three lengths by the of the Greenwich Novices 
useful Celtic Slave on his Hurdle, probably needed the 
seasonal debut at Worcester, race when he ran rather dis- 
Larry-O is no world beater appointingiy at Wmcanton 
but then nor are any of his first time out. So cm t he 
opponents in the Bridge strength of a couple of promis- 
ing runs last seaso n , he b 

enced man in the saddle. And could trigger off a double for given the benefit of the doubt 

he will get precisely that Winter and : 
treatment this afternoon from At Fontw 
Peter Scudamore. Josh Gifford 

At Newbury Conquering ing a double 
mule rather heavy weather of with Masks 
giving Geata An Uisce 41b and and Royal G 
a length beating. However, he Both will 
was not stopping at the end Richard Rm 
and the performance was to such i 
probably better than it ap- Sandown on 

Winter and Scudamore. 

At Fontwdl Park I fancy 
Josh Gifford's chance of land- 
ing a double on bis local track 
wnb Musical Mystery (1.30) 
and Royal Gambit (3.0). 

Both will be ridden by 
Richard Rowe, who was seen 
to such good effect at 

peared at the time. 

For in his previous race, at 
Windsor, Geata An Uisce had 

on Midnight Count and 
Sprowston Boy. 

After running well in bis 

beaten Socks Downe by 2 Vi first race of the season at 
lengths when they were both Sandown even though he was 
racing for the first time tins beaten 20 lengths by Course 
season. Since then Socks Hunter, Royal Gambit then 
Downe has added substance made no mistake at Hunting- 
to the form by winning his don in a race confined to 
next race at Ludlow very comparative beginners. Now 


the EE Coomes Senior Citi- 

Wnh his penalty for landing zens Novices' Chase, which 
only a three-horse race at Gifford won 12 months ago 

now and preferred to C a m d en 
Bede, Fourth Tudor and Tre- 
ble Chance- 

Now that Mr Parker has 
been withdrawn, t he oth er 
division looks at the mercy of 
the recent easy H untin g do n 
winner Tivfan who mrarri a 
tempting engagement at Not- 
tingham yesterday to wait for 


Braven, the 15-length win- 
ner of the E Coombes Con- 
dition Jockeys Selling Chase 
on his seasonal deb ut 12 
months ago, can give a repeat 
performance at the start of 
today’s programme which 
may also see the easy Chdten- 
ham winner Predominate see 
off Private Views in the EE 
Coomes Handicap Hurdle, 
even at a difference of 191b. 

Private Views, who competes for the E E Coomes Handicap Hurdle at Fontwell Park 



By Mandarin 

1.00 Braven. 

1.30 Musical Mystery. 

2.00 Bright Morning. 

2.30 Predominate. 
3.00 Royal Gambit. 
3 JO Tivian. 

2J0 E COOMES HANDICAP HURDLE (£4,752: 2m 2f) (11 runners) 

By Michael Seely 

2.00 Majuba Road. 3.00 ROYAL GAMBIT (nap). 

The Times Private Haodicapper’s lop rating: 3.00 ROYAL GAMBIT. 

Going: good to soft 


2 4/112- BRAVEN (CD) (R Poako) D Wintta 12-10-12 

3 P-00400 DOWWAYMQTT (CD) (M Bottofl) M Bolton 13*10-12 — 

4 12112/0 FAIRLY MSOTY (H Webb) H Wet* 10-10-12 

5 031PP6 GRAKSUENAIIAHAGH (CD) (J Hughes) Mbs L Bovter 1 

7 FD-2D3F NERO WOLF (ft TabemerJ R Juekes 9-10-12 

9 040003 SHOTANG (R Samsey) H ONefi 11-10-12 

10 POOUOF STRETCH OUT (CQ) (Mis B Bacon) A Moore 61612_ 

11 8001/0 WHO’S DRMNG (Mis B Curtsy) BCUrtey 11-1612 

12 D/WP4-P ERNE’S KEEP (GRpey)GR«*»y 11-10-8 

13 0004) FDE RAISE (7 Ramadan) R Shnpsan 5-10-8 

14 12F00J HLLBLLY (ET\x*«}C Popham 10-104) 

18 000004* UNCLE 0A1(E Treaty) JBrldgar 7-108 

19 44TC30 AM4AGH GLOW (0 Hanley) PBuOer 5-1 0-3 

21 8000/P-P RACHEL STREET (B) (J Hantaan) J Ksnknan 10-10-3. 

S Woods • 99 1=54 
I ch Hayes 74 10-1 

-Jffent — 8-1 

B Pawns g 97 4-1 

CWansn si — 

G Landau 80 7-1 


_ T Leech — 10-1 

2 102FM PRBXMBNATE (CD) (501 CUj Racing Grotp) O Shenvood 5-11-7 .S Sherwood 98 7-2 

3 00F334- IWRSHEU. KEY (R Guram) JSsyers 0-11-6 C Brown 87 14-1 

5 0421- OWEN'S PRBE(Vmfcm Chemical Lid) RAtahust 4-10-8 D MdCeown (7) 9012-1 

6 44330-0 CAWAHRA LAO (Mrs M Kenyon) C James 7-105 CCos<4) 90 6-1 

7 000204) JADE AHD DIAMOND (CO) (RlaveSe)G Bolting 6105 AOntton(7) 90 61 

6 MP-M BBFALAS LAD (BF) (Mrs R Moms) JJenktne 6103 HMI 93 8-1 

9 22V4 PRIVATE VEWS (Mrs G Bronfcnsn) N Grades 5-1042 O Browne N99F3-1 

10 0304-34 GOODMAN POQ4T (O Owsdan) J Gilford 4-1 60 R Rowe 92 S3 

12 040040 HAWSER (B£D) (D WBto) M Msriffiwci 4-10-0. AMedgwtek S3 — 

13 4UP-Q0 CAPtSTRAMO PfSNCE (F Gray) F Gray 4-104} EMurpby a — 

14 000030- COURAaOUSCHARQBI(RHainboi4AMooro4-1IMI G Moore 74 — 

1915; SOUTlEfMAR S-10-13 A Webb (4-1) P D Harries 11 ran 

t l ^L 4a?,g: 

Fitzgerald keeps 
pot boiling with 
another treble 

Jimmy Fitzgerald, the Mahon “Patrick’s Star might have a rest 
trainer who saddled three win- now,” said Fitzgerald, 
tiers at Newcastle on Saturday, Dwyer, second in the table to i 


Fibbens is 
with squad 

By Boy Moor 

Michael Fibbens, brother of 
Nicola Fibbens, the winner of 
three Commonwealth Games 
medals, was n amed ye sterday 
among eight newcomers m 
England's international swim- 
ming squad, to be s pon sor ed 
next year by Yorkshire Bank. 
Selection of tbe Beckenham chib 
sprinter, aged 18, is reward for 
his surprise performance m 
breaking the British 100 metres 
butterfly record at ihe recent 
Leicester sbort-oourae trials. 

The youngest of the new- 
comers is the Brighton school- 
girl, Karen Pickering, the 
freestyle champion, who will be 
13 later this month. Only six 
months older, and chosen for 
the first time, is Sharon Page, 
who beat her Stockport club's 
established international, Kath- 
arine Read, by 100th ofa second 
in winning the women's 100 
metres backstroke final at the 

Other newcomers m the 24- 
strong squad are Tim Jones 
(butterfly). Grant Robins (med- 
ley), Rebecca Bowden (butter- 
fly), Helen Day (fieestyie) and 
Jeanne Wood (breast stroke and 
medley). Selections from the 
squad will be nominated for the 
following international meet- 
ings: Goklen Cup (Strasbourg), , 
23-25 Jan; Coca Cota (Paris), 30-4 
31 Jan;The NOR (East Berlin), 
3-4 Feb; Arena Festival (Bonn), 
6-8 Feb; Hapoel Games (Tel 
Aviv), 7-11 May; Belgian Cup 
(Antwerp), 23-25 May, and 
Seven Hills tournament 
(Rome), 30-31 May. 

SQUADS: Man: P Bafts (Torquay Lean- 
dro). K Boyd (Boro of 


another treble. 

momentum Peter Scudamore, has now rid- 

den 38 winners this term, the 

Patrick’s Star, Sip Of Orange same mark as Fitzgerald whose 
and Maladhu, at tbe Gosfortfa Maiadhu emphatically reversed 

GOOngtom (anrtngfeamL T Jones (Wrt- 
saJJ), a Moortmuse (Leads). Gram Robins 
(Portsmouth. Nortfisea). D Rowley (UMv 
of Swansea), P ShecWey (Harrow* S 
Weakfctone). 0 Stacey (Beckenham). G 
Stewart (Harrow & Wearily WQme: 
H Bewtey (Millftolcf). R Bowden 
(Southampton). H Day(Kefty CoB), CFoot 

Park course yesterday. his Sedgefield running two 

Fitzgerald's only loser at weeks ago with St Gabriel, who 
yesterday’s meeting was Tawny could only manage fifth place 
Spirit, a winner on Saturday, yesterday ui the Snipe Amateur 


behind Riders Novices* Hurdle. 

I rrtto ww-paced 4th, 

I ham. 2m. tjji a. go 


fimnmrm — — 

— ACPQommt 8012-1 

S W U Mmro g) 

Brigarona m tbe EBF Rush and The Middleham trainer Nev- 
Tompkins Hanrftrap Hurdle: file Grump and bis jockey Colin 

Tire Mahon trainer said: “ Hawkins were in angry mood 
Things are going so well at the after their horse Repington ran 
stable I can't believe ft. 1 hope oat through a large gap in tbe 
this continues when we get running rail after (he seventh 

round to tbe big races." 

fence of the Cameron 

19BS: BRAVEN 11-10-12 M Bosiay (isa) D WtaSa 12 ran 


UflEfifiS!* sot) Earfer sui BUvBId w^madoaBto win Mb avant by 151 from Reeys Song 

- — - — - ni-4)WB3i MiKBf wamorm-4)w«nGHAiWJB'iAMANAGH (11-4) a further 10amv 3rd. rtso 
ham (2mail6ytL good to soft) EaffcfsaHtAVEN(10-12) m ade ac to w«i¥i* 8 event bviafttKTifteaw Sono I 
Cfrigy^ SHPrteO(11-1)anmMar2Bi back m 3rd. FAtoLY MERHY(10-12 ) entfd ne ver oat In aUow when 
gJMteito A«*ip flO-ffl at Windsor (an, £1,315, good to soft. few 17.8 ran); STRETCH OlnnO-(R Mat 2nd. 
QRAK^BtA MWha rajlOfl) bea t eltart last aaB8CT»wtwngetiri^up dose home to bemCreswiptLa SI 

2) 23 atPlL^ptaipan. £808. soft, 8 ran). 

1 JO GREENWICH NOVICE HURDLE (Div I: £685: 2m 2Q (15 runners) 

1 3P0D-13 CAMDEN BELLE (J Hurt) MfesL Bower 4-11-4 MroSLm 

2 8P ABOU-AZB(B)(MMadgw(cfc)MMaflgwicfc4-l0-11 Al 


3 PPO-aO BETTY'S PEARL (Mrs BBimhetl} A MaamS-10-11 GHOQN 82 — 

5 FLEET SPECIAL (Usd Matthews) I Matthews 4-10-11 K Broke (4) —8-1 

6 0 FOURTH TUDOR (THamsden) A Baity 4-10-11 GMcCorot K 12-1 

7 HONKS (D Martii) G Ripley 4-1 0-11 MHead 

8 P/ MOUNT 71—9 FDOWN [Mrs J Coins) R Hannon 5-10-11 Stave KrtgN — 14-1 

9 460 MUSICAL MYSTBlY(BF)(DDrottdori)JGilHd 4-1611 RAM OWF5-4 

11 OP- ROYAL NAP (W Share) TM Jones 4-10-11 — 

12 8 SfTTMG BULL (GRxiovartyJ Jenkins 4-1 0-11 SSbenrood — 10-1 

13 OOO-P® WKKNU PAOTANT (Mtas L&sy) F Gray 4-1 0-11 EMmphy 91 S-1 

14 EUZABETH FRY (RPartn)R Parker 7-104 MMcbwdi 

15 LA CHIME (R Sctxgte) N RMcheB B-f 0-6 MrTmaS(7) 

18 SUMOH.(0 Hanley) PBu9er5-lO« AOGonaae 

19 3 TREBLE CHANCE (M Bryan!) S Woodman 4-106 CBtowb 91 3-1 

1985: POVIE HMHAN 6-10-1 1 S Smith Ecctos (2-1 fav) J JwMb 18 ran 

PODM CAMDEN BELLE ran touch below ban form last lima; previous^ (10-12) had subsequent 
runm Naemury winner Mofti|ec(10-10)a3hort head away in 2nd at Windsor (2m good. 
Now 8, 22 rank rauimi TUDOR (11-0) was prominent aarty but ewmhaByflrtnndlAM 88i to Perfect Double 
(10-9) at Ne wbury (2 m 100yd. £2,074. soft, Nov 22. 21 ran) wlh ABOU4U9Z (11-0) beh in d whan piBed i 
WIW3AL MYSTERY, a cfisappoiralr^ favoufte last (rme, showed baa form last year (10-10) when 31 2hd 
-Heart Of Stone (10-10) here (2m 2L £896. heavy. Apr 2. 8 ran). SITING BULL ran too treNy when 8th to 
Molo)K(11-<0atNeirturyfflm 100yd. £13«. SOIL ftov 22. 12ran). VBKHMA PAGEANT(11-0)wasdbfflffl*- 
fied after nnlshinga l«^5«d to Button Your Up (11-0) at Worcester test dne (2m 4f,£1J)14, soft Nov 19.24 
ran) tor taAnq to draw n» coned weight 

10 E COOMES SEMOR CITIZENS NOVICE CHASE (£2^25: 3m 2f 110yd) (9 runner^ 

2 4422-21 ROYAL CVUMT (5 BltwicoB) J GWord 8-11-0 R ROW* 4TS9F54 

4 OMtBOP MGHflLBO(B«M1|M PBaiey S-10-13 itae Q Araqtage (4) 

5 F-0U AQUBJFER (8 KlpeSTck) D Muney-Sradi 6-10-8 Mr T Ibomaoo Jam — 14-1 

8 32S0-FS JURY ACTION (J Hunt) Rise L Bower 6-1&8 HRowel 32 8-1 

9 043F4I ROCKS! DBL(S Freeman) J Edwards 6-1M P Barton — 3-1 

10 02H94 TEXAS TURKEY pWM^t)D0t«htonS-10a NPenwIt 8310-1 

11 204 71E7HRSTY FARMER m (Mrs S King) R Holder 7-toS PMmphy — 8-1 

13 F3UPPJP VALMA1 (R Ledga^R Ledger 7-100 MraN ledger 

14 PP GLENBME LADY (ft Budttn| R PeriCBr 5-182 U Richards 

1985: GOLOQI MMSHB. 6-10-10 E Misphy (8-4 JMhv) J GMord 10 ran 

FORM ROYAL GAMBIT (11-3) dear horn 2nd W when beating Rhymers Tower (11-3) 81 at 
rurtm Huntingdon (3m. £1.380. good. Now is. 7 iwi). RODGER beat eObrt merbwdtos 

Iasi s onr o n 9i4«i to Ceftic Heat pi -5) al Chepstow (3m now. £1J77. soft. Mar IS. 16 ranL TEXAS TURKEY 
n O-i im made R9a ftoprosNon erode fcal half m«e when 10% 1 4di to ivy League (1 8-1 0) at FoltastonB (2m 4t, 
El^S. soft. Nov 24. 16 rard.T1ETHmSTYFAIUBl H 1 - 0 ) Med ort toAevrorfca 1 -fl) at LmceMBr 

dm, £1 381 . aood to 8rra. few 17. 8 ran). 


3^0 0EENVWCH NOVICE HURDLE (Div It £685: 2m 21) (12 ruraiere) 

1 112430 DREAM mCHANT (R OSlOlven) R (TSdMin 4-11-8 — EUtomhy 92 7-2 

3 1 TIVIAN (Lady Maflhmra) I Matthews 6-11-3 apwratt W99F5-4 

4 0 ANOTlSlBMa (Mss B Patching) A Moora 4-10-11 Q Ham 

5 00- BAIBCS STAR (TBlchBB) M Khnoe 

8 __W CWVERWG (8) (SHantagtan) JAftMwnt 

7 ami- rewHSMnipai.^ :. y fl TTh m wnnil 98 3-1 

8 MEXICAN ms. Qiit A Chaosn) D Rhger 4-18-11 JBmtow — 12-1 

12 BCYLLA'SCMP (N Wheetor) N YWweler 4-10-11 MrNWhadw 

14 TAHRAKAN (Mrs H CoNns) P Hobbs 4-10-11 PehrHebbe -25-1 

15 0O4FO4- WOREEL (Ms R Mtrdoch) Sks R Iksdoch 4-10-1 1 RRoweS — 20-1 

16 ANOTNB1HD98 (Ms C Notfey) 0 Oiasal 5-108 ROahhtMn 

17 OOVOPO KABUT1(B Chempian) MbS Chempion 5-188 GLemhu(4) 

His Sip Of Orange, a 13-8 on Devdopmenl Handicap 
chance, coasted to an easy 20 won by the Denys Smilh-trained 
length victory in tbe North 6-1 rfra™*- ivacop. 
Nonhumberland Light Horse Crump said; “I have seen the 
Breeding Society Novices' Hnr- stewards about this, and am 
die from the 50-1 chance Cobby promised that the matter will 

Etesphy 92 7-8 
■ Promt ! • 89 F5-4 
Q Moora 

Castle. soon be deared up. I will run 

Tbe winner, who was always Repingion a gain at Wetherby on 
moving weQ for Mark Dwyer. Saturday. The gap is to allow 
took tire lead with a quarter of a ambulances onto the course, but 
mile and one hurdle to jump. Hawkins said: “The opening is 
Afterwards Fitzg erald said: “Sip too bte - you could get three 
Of Orange could be a useful filly. Land-Rovers through there.!’. .. 
1 win be aiming her for tbe final The stewards held an inquiry 

of this series at Newbury on into Repington’s running, and 
March 28. She won really well at after haring all the evidence 

The stewards held an inquiry 

Wetherby last time out,” 

and viewing the video film. 

1685: RUE’S CASTLE 5-10-11 R Stonge (3-1) K Dunn 13 ran 

_ JAkoftorat 

■ S Ct w w oo d 98 3-1 

J Barlow — 12-1 


Prow Hobbs -25-1 
— R ltu wM — 20-1 

. Bfimmtobi 

G Landac (4) 

Patrick’s Star led two out and instructed the desk of the 
went on to beat Fanny Robin by course. John Smith, to continue 
seven lengths in the Conder the running rail back to the 
Northern Selling Hurdle, fence. 

Smart Dan The Millar 
eyes Doncaster prize 

Dan The Mater's 
the Woodborengh 

Rosea, and now Mrs Monica 
Dickinson has tbe Freebooter 

(1851 utih CHEVBONG (10-10) aid 
Nov 17. 14 ranL TIVIAN (11-0) Btts*y 

to "Jt Nov 17. 14 ranL TIVIAN (11-0) easily 
VCW 15,21 ran). CRWSON B0LD(10-lG)crai£ 
brovy. Apr21. IZran). WORDS. (11 -Oroide 
chase (2m 31, £i £93, haavy, Apr !£ 12 ran). 

Course specialists 

Chase at Nottingham yesterday Novices’ Chase at Doncaster m 
stamped him as a potential top- mind far the seven-year-old, 
class chaser. Mrs Mnid whom her husband, Tony, 
Haggas's fine big gelding is a bought in Ireland, 
natural jnmpec, and tbe oaly “Dan Tbe Milter is a good, 
semblance of a m ist a k e be made solid horse, who jnmpswell and 
was when getting too dose to the showed by the way he came 

Day has to 
wait and hope 

Tony Day, the Welsh swim- 
mer who is taking his PhD at 
Leeds University, capped three 
days of outstanding raring in 
Toronto by w inning the 1,500 
metres in a British record time 
of ISmin 4.74sec. 

This improved by almost set 
seconds the national short- 
course figures set by David 
Stacey. Day so dominated tire 
event in Toronto that be fin- 
ished 22 seconds ahead of 
Canada's Harry Taylor. Earlier 
in the meeting he brake tire 
British record fortire 400 metres 



lQck-aH 7 JO iniass stated 

Today League 
Second dhnsion 

Grimsby v Blackburn 

Third division 

Bournemouth v Gttngham — 

CarBste v Bray 

Newport v Bristol C 

Fourth (fivision 
North a mpton v Exeter 

Ful Members Cup 
"ThW round 

Ipswich v Aston vna (7.45) 

second fence. 

away from tbe test that he can 

2M WALLY COOMES HANDICAP CHASE (E2£8& 2m 2f 110yd) (5 runners) 

1 F034-10 BRIGHT MORMNG (CD) (M Skxm) D OtssaB 8-11-10 JAtatnsI 

2 0040-F4 FEARLESS M* (CO) (J Tnman) R SbaplHRl 11-11-10 BPowM 

3 2UU1-11 MAJUBA ROAD (D VWfght) 0 Oughton 8-11-6 (5ex| POoM* 

4 1320/04- CLAUDE MONET (T Wfflittey) D Gandobo 8-1 1-5 PBTOCm 

5 3211 -FI AUTUMN ZULU (CO)(P Boddy) Mbn L Boner 7-10-10 (Sex) RRowTO 

1985: REVOLVER 8-10-2 R Durmoorty (152) S Woodman 8 ran 

98 28-1 
62 2-1 
— 12-1 
• 99 9-4 









P Scudamore 








H Davies 




A Webb 









12.15 FID Tbe Jug. 
12.45 Symbiotic. 

1.15 Larry-O. 

1.45 Prince Ram boro. 


By Mandarin 

2.15 CONQUERING (nap). 
2.45 Ondre Gut 

3.15 Henry Lancaster. 

Michael S eely's selection: 12.45 Donnal Deux. 

Guide to our in-line racecard 

103 (12) 80432 TTMESFORM (CILBF) (Mre J flytey) B Hafl 9-180 

B West (4) 

Racecard nunber. Draw in brackets. Sbc-flgure 
farm (F-feB. P-pufleC up. U-unseated rider. B- 
brougtit down, ^slmed im. R-rahned). Horse's 
name (B-bUnksrs. V-vfeor. H-hood. E-EyssMaW. C- 
courae winner. Distance wtamer- CD-coursa 

and distsncQ wfaner. BF-bestan favourite in latest 
race). Owner in brackets. Trainer. Age end 
w»griL Rider phis any afcmanoe. The Times 
Private Handicapper's rating. Approximate starting 

Going: good to soft 

12.15 DAMSELLS NOVICE HURDLE (Div {: mares: £685: 2m) (17 Winers) 

3 00800 CBMGfRLfR Woodhousa) R Woodriouse 5-11-0 

5 40 CHANCE PARTNER (B TTiadcray) l*S M Rtaai 4-11-0. 

G 30 DOLLY (J Bkd) A Moore 4-1 1-0 

7 000/P- EL PATO (Miss R Hamar) Min R Hamer 7-11-0 

B PD- EMBRACE (K WeteseUerg) K WBtasefaerg 8-11-0 

10 33302-0 RLL THE JUG (P RodtOrd) P Acxftord 5-11-0 

PTuefc 81 12-1 

A Sharp* 85 81 

Cody Moore (4) 95 8-1 


— B ftraater — — 

CQnr *99 4-i 

_ C Llew el y n (7) 

G Jones — — 


CMeno — 5-1 

POmr — — 


Winners Rramn Per Cert 
PDevta 5 18 27 B 

F Winter 10 41 24.4 

Mrs W Sykes 10 52 162 

NHsnderaan 8 44 112 

Mrs M WmeB 15 ■ 88 17.4 

KBaSey 13 BO 1&2 

1.45 EROSTtN G8 v AUSTRAUA HANDICAP HURDLE (Rnd 3: £681: 2m) (8 runners) 

1 106018 MAN OMAGIC(B£0)(C Andrews) K Beley 5-11-10 PDataneyfAia) 90 6-1 

2 23U461 PWWCERA«BCRO(DHE Wheatley) Mrs MRarnO 5-11-8 (B«) R Dmwoody (GB) «9IF62 

3 482249 KX WOODCOCK (DJBF) (Mrs T Davis) GKndersItef 5-1 1-7 _ P Scedanore (GB) S3 61 

5 060008 TAOOmtM Tate) M Tele 6-11-0 DCronaa(Aaa) 9512-1 

6 006400 GREEN SPIDEH pj) (D Coarrtw} A Bancrw 4-1613 H Darin (06) — 12-T 

7 242133 UTTLE SLOOP (D) (Mrs G Benney) D Nicholson 4-1610 HQroen(Aoa) 90 7-2 

8 441340 TASHONYA (D) (Mrs VWMS)B Wife 4-1610 NHaraea(Aro4 98 61 

9 031300 CORAL HARBOUR (S MkHMon) I Wards 4-168 S Smtti Eofea (GB) 90161 

1985; No coiTBSpamSng race 

Z1S FRAILL MOTOR GROUP HANDICAP CHASE (E2£53: 3m 11) (7 runners) 

6 F211/11 CONQUERING (BJ1) (Mrs M Vatertina) F WMar 811-7 PScadMa W99F84 

7 386011 MOUNT OLIVER (BfiO) (O Smith) M Scudamore 611-4 (5ex) SMorahaod 90 5-2 

8 01P162 MAYANNCOR (T, Wf>gg) D Wfiam* _ n Crank 96 4-1 

9 001223- NnHRAS(D)(JF«ro)Bneecs 611-2 R Streaoa 90 61 

11 4Q/T-F CONEY GLEN (CO) (Mrs 0 Joyce) V Bishop 1610-7 Q Moirii 92 161 

13 P004P/6 VULRORY’S PE (Mra H Dowson) Ms H Dovoon 6160 JStebron — 261 

14 43)PP63 TRUSTY CATCHER (M Taar) M Tate 6180 - If Bated — 161 

1965: BARRYSV8AE 6189 G McCoun (361) P Burgoyne 6 ran 

245 DAMSELLS NOVICE HURDLE (Div II: mares: £685: 2m) (17 runners) 

1 2110 OND£ QRL (D) (Mrs B Taylro) S Me*or 4-11-10 M H rortegteB • 99 61 

2 013 ANNE MfD) (Mrs E Sevan) DNichcfcan 4-11-5 RDumaodv 93F61 

3 fflpa0P ~' 1 fBONUPTIA BtUDE (P Ttakartsianos) D Winfle 611-5 ACwrot a 61 

4 DPOOfJO «CnA(U«d Kenyan) EOmn)un 611-0 OChHtes Janes • — 161 

5 __ 3 AftCnEA(mnce of WWe6)NGB9efee 4-114) K Mooney 90 7-2 

Gnham Bradley took Dan qmcfcen at the end of a race," 
The Milter to the front after said Mrs Dick in s on , who won 
jumping four fences, when the three hurdles with foe gelding 
saddle slipped on leader Bright test season. 

Imp. A big danger to foe 5-4 * Graham McCourt has been 

favoarite was »Kniim^ when reported to the stewa r ds of foe 
Gate's Image crashed throogh Jockey Glob ter Ins riding of 

the wing of foe fifth fence and Wave Crest after an incident at 
hu jockey Sam Morshead had a and after the third-last flight In 

■dracnlons escape. foe secood division of the 

Dan Tbe Milter waft on to R o drfi n gton Novices’ Hurdle, 
make the rest of tire running to The stewards found Wave Crest 


win by tear lengths fron 
Pry, .who was a similar di 
ahead of Valentino's Joy. 

Croat Paul interfered with Celtic Mary, 
ir distance ridden by amateur Anthony 
Joy. KeUeway, and considered it was 

Dan Tbe Milter co nfin a e d the intentional and disqualified 
promise be showed on a warning McComfs meant, who finished 
debut over fences at Market down the field. 

Results from two meetings gjngg 

Bolton v Blackpool 

Cambridge United v Fuffism (7.45) . 

Cardiff v Wolves (7.45) 

Chesterfield v Middlesbrough 

Crewe v Chester 

Darfington v Rochdale 

Mansfield v Halifax 

Scunthorpe v Hartlepool 

Torquay v Swansea 

Chariton (2 4ft Bristol Rows v Oxford 
W* MBwaa v tooting J2.0): Queen's 
ParttRangere v Cheteea (26); Swindon v 

v (Wham PXIh Liverpool v SMfBaU Wed 
am. Second tivisnn: Notts County v 
■ora (7.0): Rotherham v Huddersfield 
(7M Preston v Port Veto (7J) 

"FA YOUTH CUP: Second roun± Totten- 
ham Hotspur v Epsom and Ewaft; Wimble- 
don v Wb st Han. 

PRESIDENTS CU0: First romLflrat leg; 
Moracambo v Macdesftefo. 

MUfnPART LEAOJE: Gooto v Wilton; 
Marine v Workington; Southport v 


Going: good 


Going: good to firm 

13 24024(11 I APPEAL (RDugdaie) DR Tucker 611-0 

11 0 GEMM STONE (Mrs CDeriesJJ Old 4-11-0 CUew al ynfl) 

12 F GEIERAL'SGnL (Mrs C Hope) A Jamaa 611-0 G Jones — — 

17 0 MARCY (Mrs A Offer) DR Tucker 4-11-0 SMcfMI — — 

19 4 MISS KQ(6)0E (B) (Mrs B Read) P Jones 4-1 1-0 Cltann — 61 

20 6 NOT ENOUCN(T Comet Mrs T Conte 4-1 1-0 POmr 

21 ONLY TROUBLE (T Houtxooko) T Houtorookfl 611-0 HrTHeribraofce 

23 000 POETS DAY (MBSHeld) Mrs SORver 4-11-0 J Duggan 79 — 

24 RIGHT YOU BE (Mrs E Mbs) Mrs W Sykes 61 1-0 SMorabeed 

25 000 RWY AUGHT (R Eddey) R EcUey 4-11-0 J Bcysfl to — 

30 SWWONG CHRISTMAS (M Ledbury) A O iam bertwi 611-0 ACfaanberiato 

33 46 TUOORTUUP (Mrs H Morgan) SMeBoi 61^ 1-0 MKsntagun 9SF7-2 

1985: SHADY LEGACY 4-11-0 W Morris (561) R Morris 16 ran 


1 4DOOPO MR PANACHE a NayfartM Chapman 1610 $MM to — 

2 00-P SUSSEX OVaSEASfPHtetOP Hut 1610 N Faam — — 

3 20406 SYMBIOTIC (H)(D WWW D WWte 1610 I Shoemaric «99F62 

4 00434 TRACK MARSHALL (Hfa8tey)OWWams 1610 AGtom to 61 

5 0 WILSARUTH (W Price) W Price 1610 — DJBecM 

61BPPPP6 HOBOtPBSS GRL (G Famdon Eng Co Lid) R Woodfirane 10-8 JRQubm 94 — 

7 3-00000 OUR CtflCKLETTE (B4J)(V Dontngion) R Ofttfci 10-0 WHMopbraya SI 61 

8 022833 DONNAL DEUX (R Lee) R Lee 10-5 SHcOysM to 61 

9 000 LA CHAMWr (Top InteiSIrtel Man Ltd) P Deris 163— L Harvey 

12 00 RELUCTANT GTFT (D GAndoifo) D GmKfaffo 10-5 — TWooBey — 161 

95 61 14 0TOZ " UGHT VENTURE (R Cttris) C Jackson 7-11-0 RHyett 85 12-1 

18 MODEL LADY (Mend A TraacyLMJOO'Naa 4-1 1-0 S J OTMB — 

19 OM RUTHS LOVE (G Price) G Price 611-0 Price 74 61 

199 4-1 20 3CMJ1BI0 (K WTOssetwd) K Wstssetoerg 7-1 14) C Jones 

_ _ 22 0 SiNTOH BAVARD (Mrs M Ot*M) M Otvor 61 1-0 JDunro 

24 PP9 SOVEREIGNTY) (S Reus) I Wanto 6114) SStodTStei 

25 O S T Af^ fB Write) B Wees 4-11-0 Jessica Charles Jbnee 

61 26 SWEET STORM (BoriateConsbucbon LU) T Casey 4-11-0 E Buckley (4) — 14-1 

28 00 VULOAfBS ( 4 M niintii (Q 

29 0 WWHETXA(UxdOieteea)T Forster 611-0 .HDnfe* —161 

7 g 30 P WOOOlANDSREMrAGEM (Mbs M Piseoe) P Pritcnsid 61 1-0 OCMm 

— — 1885: SWEET OPTIMIST 4-187 W Honipteeys (361) J Chugg 16 ran 

" Z 3.15 BISHOPS FHOHE NOVICE HANDICAP HURDLE (£747: 2m 41) (20 ruimsrs) 

9 SF 7-2 1 003332- UWCOLCMOOlHakangaUdlSMaav 4-1 1-10 fiCMHfoM » 4-1 

4 220 B -22 lYANTEH (C Time) T BeAey 610-9 P Werner 92 82 

5 FO/30P6 FAUCLATTO CONQUEROR (Mrs G KJndwsJey) G Kkriarriay 61 69 HDntae —61 

taWIQ o 40C/TO1 HBRY LAHCASTBI (M Grtfto) T HeMl 7-188 (lOex) — SniwtiiDinwm U 99 F 7-2 

9 428000 FLANKBI(SNbisn)M CXvro 7-1M R Daawoody 98 161 

198& MR SENNMGTCN 1610 C Cost (168 lev) J Cosgrave 8 ran 

1.15 BRIDGE SOLLARS NOVICE CHASE (6-Y-O: £1,789: 2m 4f) (11 runners) 

3 OFOOF-4 BRYMA (Mrs M PaJfeig) B Psteig*16l2 CE«W to 161 

4 00400-3 CATHY'S PAL (C Kyme) J Chugg 1612 A Sbwpe — 161 

5 0/3P64P COYOR(B ChanSiers)R Btakeney 1612 — ssnawon — — 

9 F4»M=4 LAHRY-O (D Andrews) FWknar 1612 - ° Trnirt B " ore • B9F3 ' 1 

10 36 LLANPADWG (Lord MostynjN Henderson 1612 sartOiEcelea — 4-1 

11 006040 LUCKY MICHAEL (J Needham) J Huutinwn 1612. ^. V IfcS ewta 

T3 OO/PUP-O WTRE HOUSE (Mrs A Price) Mra A Price 1612 ft—a L O Mteee p) 

14 QUARTER TOWN (Mra J 0-&M*an) P Butter 1612 — R — — 

16 4 SAMSHU (Airs J Afford) Mss J Thome 1612 — BOM 

17 0PP602 STAND Ffftel (G RUrodfl) GrenvOe Richards 1612— ,,, 

20 F WOLE AU-Y (Mrs FPaHfaSjMOtiwr 1612 RDurooody — l&l 

198a JUST JOKMG 1612 A W0M»r (61) T Forster 13 ran 

1 003332- UWCOL (Unicoi HolcSnga Ltri)S Mrifor 4-U-1Q G 

4 220622 lYANTEH (C Time) T Brtsy 610-9 

5 FO/30P6 FALXLAffl) CONQUEHOR (Mrs G KJndereley) G Khtderritoy 6169. 

6 400/001 H9RY LANCASTER (M Griffin) THsJetl 7-10-8 (10exJ— Sbm 

9 428000 RANKER (S Nixon) M OGver 7-10-3 

11 MOMP HOeOURNES(QFMndcnUd)RWOO«nuee 4-183 

12 0/0000 SWEET START (B KnkM)G Timer 610-3 

13 06000F UFT HIGH (M Enlcaa) D R Tuck» 7-160 

14 480/P0 MSHIY TOM (WPrteteWPrtae 6180 

15 PPtVFFP CLEAR MADIC (Q (P PaBock) A Moors 6160 O 

18 4300PO K06EY BAY (Mrs SMangen) Mra SOtw 7-160 

17 OO/OPto- 5HM0RA GROVE (M Utay)J Spewing 6160 

18 0P3-340 LITTLE ROSE (Mra A Peteraon) E Owen jun 610-0 

19 OFTMDP PBmGU(GHunQJ Thames 6160 

20 06000 RR5S CMUSTOPHB1 (G Devie) R Holder 4-160 

21 0060 CORN MBtCHANT (Mrs L Osbcme) S T Men* 6160 

22 POOOOW RBGEWAY G8U. (J ParfO) J PBifiB 6180 

23 0600P8 SHAWAROBA (Mrs A Holy} D Hofly 4-10-0 

24 PP/OOP KARAMO(JN(BF)(M Lea) P Bowden 610-0 

25 OPOO-O KESSE-BEE (DTravervCtark} A Chamberirin 6104 

PTuefc to 12-1 

S Mnrehead to 14-1 


A Price (7) 

Cendy Moore (Q 

~ ~~ 90 161 

OSfcyrmefT) ST 161 

D Tegg (7) 87 — 

*°g? f7> ““ 

----- R Puroy — ' — 

« Mra R VJckery 

R Denote (4) 97161 

— L Harvey (4) 

198& (2m) BOLD RODBBCX 660 Mtes T Deris (361) GranvMe Richards 22 ran 

Course specialists 

P Daria 


Wbras Riimera 
5 18 

tor cant 

SSmftti Ecctes 

- 1 


.. 32 

tor Cent 

F Winter 














N Henderson 




H Davies 




Mrs M tonal 







. 10.1 






8 . 



SOimeRN LEAGUE: Bte DeBoer Cite: 
R rat round: Bromsgroro v Bridgnorth; 
BueWngham v Banbury; Corinthffln v EriMi 
and Belvedere: Cowntry Sporting v 
Bedworth: Crawley v Ashford: Dover v 
Canterbury. Fisher v Chatham; Moor 
Green v Hednestom; Ririsfa v Burnham 
and Htflingdon; Sheppey v Gravesend; 
Stourbridge v MHanfoa; Tlanet v Fates-, 
stone; Trowbridge v Salisbury; 

HS5S5?, ^SS?*""* 1 ”****-- 


Enfield v Feltham; Hampton v 
Weafostooe; Hayes v Rinslfo Manor. 
Hendon v Kingsbury; Hounslow v Sou- 
thaK Staines v Uxbridge; Yeading v ' 
Harrow; Werabtey v FincSey. 
S u 5,I?i5S' nd L a—tot ie ad v 
Bagktan (7.45). First tiri teo n. BBencay v 
Tilbury: Grays v Stevenage: 
J^ystonstona/Uford e LeyforvWngaffi- 
Se«md awon north: Barton * 
Wqtetei on: .Hariowr v Hemal Hempstead: 
Safhon Walden v Ware. Second dhiteroo 
mine Cambertey v Woking: Owtroy v 
Horsham; Eastbourne United v 
Whytoteata Ftadnmi HaaRi v Matropo6 

maom’ flS^It* aSf’&wenrioe v 

Heybrjdge Swifts. 

Sf«™LlJ|AGie Barnet w OrienL 

BrtoWeev Soham: Calchasnr v New- 
mariiet By y Thettord; Great Yarmcxith v ' 
Sutoury; Havarttit v Buy; -fiptrea v 

EAST ANGLIAN CU ft Hteto n w Wisbech. 
LE AGUE: P tenrier cMsion: Rounds v 

G^AT^MILLS LEAGUE: Premier «- 
rtetanrawedanvSBBasrc Bristol Manor. 
Farm v Btdeford. 

LEAGUE: BoattjJCttyv Hereford (T.O). 


BASKETBALL: Men’s ntoanal trophy: 
SroMBd rnrottB Stawurions Cotehester 
v Tower HenSets (8iS. 

TEWdS: Schools champio 
tom teals (Tteford Racquet 

mnoKER: Hohnatet er world dototes. 
tournam ent, fmal stages (Derogate. 

is ss&nsssasssh — 

6 y 'r * % *■ 4 

• f V t . 



! i 

*‘ : v rr, 


, ,Si 


0^^ I & 


- Jobe fnv 

' BROiii 

♦ pS5 

e 10 lake *° 

mian '*iH C 

Wider* bef. 0 '- 

ate. sen,!?*;* 
•* should re !" 111 

hc “"=42 

«?w* and £ 

a e V b ;« 

4FRIC.*: - 
acquiree s>o~ 
■nee 6 . 2 ojk; 

“»jL A»u^ 

r 9.S0(£ 3 .S;J 

meric a \ 
/ ■ r es ui rand ’^.7 
six month v -*' 

rheimenmo ,:, 0 
:nts f about '•!' 

Fax igy ni-.f 
dinars shtr- i - Ii 
sj. ‘ - 

iarra v rN 

jqmpan> ^ 
mie. depot. I-. n ’ 
■o .Antrim. rl 
arketed at £' rJ". 
jrovide e!c-.:.-/ r V/ 

mineral <» n,* 

gold procu;;. , n * 
i ihe compa- •. 

: about !•-:, 

¥i£i High 
J sugar opv.v." -!" 
with cor., r.u-'d 
n -sugar prof. . 
ml increase :nc 
ecuiive y*.-. i ri . 
tax was up 
a (£32 mii: — ■ . 
ird$53.3m- -, ;p 

RN ESClrs 
mUES: Th. .r.iu-i 
j of its in:e*..- ^ 
and the a; ■* .-■ 
businesses \ - ^ 
5 million). 
ion to hold;-, 
hares in £> . 

■te 18.920.5" r.J 
■banes, allot- . • - 
with the acq^ ■ ;- 

l\ mw 

e offer on K- 
■D and Gas • . 
by bo!. • 
shares, arv _ - * 

>r 59.8* ;> • 
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i *-”g iauus victory 

hopes hang in the wind 

r. _ . From John Woodcock. Crick** rw*. 


England have «■ H « vorrespondent, mth 

S«rt left to do if they are rn Australia’s batsmen do turned round 15 degrees, away 

im. to e second Tea match sSn^nT^L^ E °^an d ’ s from the prevailing south 
*agaimt Australia With txvn fSSFSi ** they . Wcl1 “**• wesreriy. 
r^s remaining Australia are mSaS? °n£hiL 0 t c- t ° their The wind now blows 001 
"309 for six in their ?? Mv Simpson, quite so much up and down 

.innings, needing 283 to maS thf LSF pt l ? 11 of ^ ground and a little more 

•sure that England bat arain if 522^?*“ .ProbaWy still the across it, more from wide long 
island shouwSSthe SSitaFKE! ** ^ feg than fine leg. or extract 
jbllow-on - and the ehanIS Although he is now than long oft Although this is 

^ gre that they will if ihevcan^ SSf.vii ?I 2 pSOn ^ at Embure y’ s thW tour of 
^ ' it would be for the thiwt pracuces and so wn teach by Australia and Edmonds's sec* 
.■in a row, something thaf^n Jack Bukenshaw, ond, neither of them has 

Side have ever done ^in« ^?°, faas . bowled in the middle in Perth 

Australia. ^ bowbng tn lbe nets over the before. In 1978-79 the pitch 

** T _ . tast few days, says that bowl- here was a seamefs paratfise 

n . * * happy position for 10 Simpson 15 “another and in 2979-80 Underwood 
-fijgjand to be in, knowing that former was preferred to Emburey in 

. mey should win, it will Australian captain remains (he Test side. England’s 
-glean almost for certain that ver y Quick on his feet; most present pair are still adjusting, 
iwey retain the Ashes. But leot younger players, says therefore, to the wind, iust as 

fffiey retain the Ashes. But I got 
$he impression on Sunday that 
^Australia's batsmen are com- 
ing 10 terms with England’s 
hbwiing. Waugh's 71, scored 
4 rom number three, will make 
-amore considerable player of 
"3Um, and Jones, Ritchie, Greg 
^jfalthews and Zoehrer were 
..certainly not overawed, as 
; 4 hey had appeared to be in the 
-fust Test in Brisbane. After 

« -being 128 for four soon after 
-lunch, Australia could feel in 
■ the end that they had slightly 
The belter of the day's play. 

V ‘ The England players think 
‘that by tomorrow the pitch 
will be more awkward, with 
Jhe ball moving unpredictably 
*o£f the widening cracks. The 
“two fastish left aim bowlers in 
■the match, Reid and Chris 
'Matthews, both operating 
•.from over the wicket, have 
-also left follow-through marks 
:!for right-handed batsmen to 
-'contend with. But the pitch 
r,can only get slower. By the rest 
•day at Brisbane, Australia 
^were already following-on on a 
pitch giving the bowlers more 
help than this one. England 
looked yesterday to have a 
harder road ahead. 

£«uuger prayers, says 
Birkenshaw, tend to have 
nothing very much between 
the forward prop and the big 
hit, or the attempt at one. 

For the moment ft is by 
bowling Emburey and Ed- 
monds together that England 
are most likely to weaken 
Australia's resistance, some- 
thing which, to judge by his 
handling of the attack, Gatting 
seems unsure about I suppose 
modern thinking so revolves 
around the faster stuff that it is 
considered almost a heresy for 
there not to be seam or pace at 
one end or the other. More of 
a problem here should be 
deciding which end to give to 
Emburey and which to 

Harnessing the Fremantle 
Doctor, which has blown in by 
noon on almost every 
summer's day, has always 
been a great feature ofbowting 
at Perth, not only for the 
spinners. There is no other 
Test ground in the world, not 
even the windy cities of 
Wellington and Port Eliza- 
beth, where the wind so 
consistently {days a part 
When, recently, the ground 
here was reJaid, the pitch was 

Sharjah asked for more 

'. Shujtb, United Arab Rurir . local bonnes 
.'ales (Reuter) — India and Paid- traduced aid 
; Stan, the big drawenrds in tbe said: 
international series played in “We have r 
this desert locale, are demand- for an increase 
ing more money to send teams in TmKan and Pj 
the future, the promoter said boards to sea 
'yesterday. Initially we b 

The demand for higher fees demands at 
puts a question mark ova- the emvorkable.'' 
'next tournament in April with met the two I 
India and Pakistan invited to The Indian 
join England and Australia in a boards are ab 
four-nation tournament. right to eomhi 

, The tiro Asian sides arebere from sneb serf* 
competing with the West Indies organisers give 
•and Sri Lanka in a series billed leading Indian 
as the Champions Trophy, players, past 
carrying prize money of This year t 
$100,000. The promoter, Abdid widened to ind 
Rahman Bnkhatir, a millionaire players 


Moving Sale 
into the 

big money > 

By a Correspondent # :A 

The English Volleyball 
Association yesterday ^ begiiming t< 

net wide to catch a new £iOO-flOO ^,0315 that wil 
sponsor, lore the television cam- 5 ^ Australia 
eras and attract fonr of the a Swedish symi 
world's lop seven womens challenge for th 

voUeybaU mtioas. comes news th 

Bickford's Travel have pat ^ ^ 

their name to an international “We have hi 
trophy which will be contested oese groups do 
for the Crst time at the Alexaa- jj nce we deric 
Ora Pavilion in London from Australia III 
Jannary 7 to 9. . ition." the sy 

. Cuba, runners-up in “is man, Vera Ri 
year’s work! championships, private buyer a 
have confirmed that they will o* syndicate have 
flying to London for the event as iouch with 
will Pern and East Germany, TXITDT> 
third and fourth respectively in 1 XliJvLV 
the world, as well as Japan- . —r r^: 

Richard Callicott. the chair- mwoi® Franct 

man of 

yesterday s launch in London: v white Crusader; 

“This is the hfeM single AmoriraiL 

sponsorship that the EVA have Amartca; Azzuua v t 

seemed. We are confident that „ prerch Kiss; Any 
through this sponsorship it wfll srigKCWangB Fi 

develop into one of the world s nasa 

local businessman who in- 
troduced cricket to Shariah, 

“We have received demands 
for an increase in fees from the 
Indian and Pakistani (cricket) 
boards to send fbtare teams. 
Initially we have rejected the 

demands as we find it 
□mvorkaMe." The organizers 
met the two boards last week 

The Indian and FakManf 
boards are also d ema n ding the 
right to Dominate beneficiaries 
from such series. Each year the 
organisers give out $130,000 to 
leading Indian «»«* Pakistani 
pbtyers, past and present 

This year the scheme was 
widened to indwle West Indian 

Australia ana Edmonds’s sec- 
ond, neither of them Jbas 
bowled in the middle in Perth 
before. In 1978-79 the pitch 
here was a seamert paradise 
and in 2979-80 Underwood 
was preferred to Emburey in 
the Test side. England’s 
present pair are still adjusting, 
therefore, to the wind, just as 
golfers or hang gliders or late 
flyers might be. Making the 
best use of it is such a tricky 
and technical business that I 
am sorry Tony Lock, who 
captained Western Australia 
and bowled for them with 
such success, and who now j 
lives in Perth, has not been 
called in as a consultant 

Not often these days are so 
many boundaries hit on 
Australian grounds as have 
been in the present match. In 
three days there have been 108 
fours and one six. At Mel- 
bourne; because the grass and 
the boundaries are now so 
long, there are sometimes no 
more than three or four fours 
io a day. At Sydney, too, the 
ball has tended recently to be 
held up by the iushness of the 
outfield. This is a pity. Given 
the choice, spectators much 
prefer to see the same stroke 
racing for four than struggling 
across the ground for one or 

Zoehrer, who vras such a 
help to Border in the way lie 
played on Sunday evening, is 
the son of a former Austrian 
under-23 football inter- 
national. Zampatti and 
Kustka opened the Nedlands 
inning s in the first grade 
cricket here at the weekend, 
with Albrecht at Dumber 
three, ha another match, 
Lubich was caught and 
bowled by Sumich. North 
Perth, one of the more cosmo- 
politan of the suburbs, can 
boast a Gosani and a 
Bellombra, and Mount 
Lawley are hoping for great 
things with foe bat from 
Szdiga. They are all dinkum 
Aussies, who, having been 
boro in Perth rather than 
Prague or Piraeus, have taken 
naturally to foe game. 

SCORES: Errand 592 tor 8 dec (B C 
Brood 162, □ I Gower 136. C J Richards 
133.CWJ Athey96; BA Reid 4 tor 115); 
Australia 308 for 6 (A R Border 81 not out. 
SR Waugh 71). 




Women’s tour has 
a healthy look 
for the new year 

By Mitchell Platts 

The Women's PGA tour sion 
reached « milestone yesterday helped 
| with the announcement that In fi 
i their circuit in 1987 will he to be 
worth a minimum of £ 1 .! from j 
million. tnakin 

Beverly Lewis, the chairman foe W] 
of the WPG A, said:“We believe ™fo a . 
that at the end of the day we “ 1 
Could be playing for in the Nifsso: 
region of £ 1.2 million next J'CTSU 
season. It’s a fer cry from our Lpga 
humble beginnings in 1979 morfc 
when prize-money totalled J® “o 
£80,000. Maya 

“We are delighted with our 

new schedule and we believe ii 

confirms our growing stamre in 
the golfing world. The hope of 
playing for £1 million in prize- -'-tu. 
money was nothing short of a - , jr 
dream a few years ago.' The 

dream has become a reality.” joseei 
The tour will take in a howev 
minimum of 2 ) events and more , 
possibly (otal as many as 25. It xbr 
wifi stan with the £30,000 Ford theCo 
Ladies Golf Classic at Woburn «i D nr» 
from April 29 to May 2. The sp eetai 
curtain is due to come down at raunt j 
the James Capel Guernsey Open c«cn n 
from October 1 to A wcn , f t 

The women’s British Open, to Open, 
be played from July 30 to greater 
August 2 at a venue to be the ait 
announced, wifi be worth Britain 
£ 100 , 000 , which is an increase will oc 
of £40,000 on this year's tour- .added: 

sion on the Continent has 
helped their cause. + 

In feet the European Masters, 
to be staged at Boras. Sweden, 
from August 27 to 30, will be 
making an impressive debut as 
the WPGA's richest tournament 
with a £ 1 10,000 prize fond.' 

It is understood that Pia 
Nilsson is considering changing 
her status on the United States 
LPGA tour in order to give her 
more freedom to play at home 
in such events as the European 

Mrs Lews said: "Golf, in 
Europe is booming and that has 

be! pad us enormously. Even so. 

we are developing, as Tar as I can 
see, fester than the men’s tour. 

“The standard of golf ofl our 
circuit has increased to the point 
where we would be happy now 
to see television involved. Thau 
however, might be one or two 
more years away." 

The WPGA tournaments on 
the Continent are extremely well 
supported. More than 9,000 
spectators watched the final 
round of the Belgian Open last 
season and a similar number 
were in attendance at the Dutch 
Open. “We need to bring a 
greater awareness of our golf to 
the areas in which we play in 
Britain and we hope that, that 
will occur in 1987 Mrs Lewis 

nament which was won by 
Laura Davies. 

There can be little doubt that 
the progress of players such as 
Miss Davies has . sparked 
increasing interest in the 
women's tour, although tlje 
WPGA will be the first to agree 
that the eeaeral golfing expio- 

The WPGA expects that with 
an in creasing number of women 
turning professional fields at 
tournaments in 1987 wifi vary % 
between 90 and 120. So they wifi * 
be compelled to implement new 
prc-qualiiying procedures in ac- 
cordance with daylight hours 
available: , 


MjML: 29-May £ Fort classic. Woburn -|GB), 30- Aug 2: Bntfcb women's Open 

wk 14-ff French Own frame, to be AUGUST ^B^B^'Oerman' Open, 
an«)*mc«n 20-Z* Braab Onm tow- Humbug. 13-16: Bortange Open. <£» 
MSS ? 1 ff^-^WrJtotor den). 20-23: Clvtatianstad Open. (Swe- 

nanl 27-20: European Mastera, bents 

G% 14-ra French Open (venue to be AUGUST 
announced). 20-23: Bntisft ObiwHi tow- Hamburg, 
n meet. Moor Hafl (GB). 27-30: Ulster den), 20~! 
Usljffiwaqen Classic. Befvotr Park (G 8 ). dent 27-4 
Jne j«McBvan'eWirralCtosaCMdy <5««dHTL 
(GB). 11-14: Belgian Open, Royal Water- 
loo. 18-21: VoOhac Open. Vm Hague. 25- SEP1EM 
2ft Portuguese Open. VM Do Lota. (venue to 
JU-Y: 2 -& Honnessy Cup. St Gennairv-erv Open; Cro 
Leye (France). 9-12: Eurapaan Open PogesIGC 
(venue to be announced). 22-25: Btoor OCTOBER 
Homes, EastW^i Classic. FUmlng Parle Open. Rm 

SEPTEMBER S^Bowrirn Scottish Open 
(venue to be announced). 10-13: ftafian 
Open; Croara. 23-26s Leing elastic, Stoke 

OCTOBER^ 1-4: James Capti Guernsey 
Open, Roynl Guernsey (GB) 

Corinne Schirndhausa- opens flie slalom season with a win for the Swiss at Park City, Utah /[4)CllCr jt 

Swiss wins but McKinney top £-Kffi3#S SSSiSrS 

Park City, Utah (Reuter) — 
Corinne Schmidhauser. a 21- 
year-old from Berne in Switzer- 
land, dominated both legs of the 
women's special slalom here at 
the weekend to gather her 
second World Cup victory. 

She was the sole competitor 
under 46 seconds on the first 
run. On the second, she pro- 
duced 48.58 — again the fastest 
— to win in a combined time of 
l min 34.46SCC. Tamara .Mc- 
Kinney, of the United States, 
totalled 1:34.93 to take second 
place and Roswitb Steiner, of 
Austria, the reigning World Cup 
slalom champion, 1:34.9 9 for 

Schmidhauser, twice Switz- 
erland’s national slalom cham- 
pion, looked totally at ease on a 
course which dropped 150 me- 
tres. “The course was fairly flat 
and I liked that,” she said. “I 
have a lot of strength. 1 think 1 
am one of the new generation of 
slalom skiers." 

McKinney, who finished sev- 
enth in Saturday’s giant slalom 
here, moved to the top of the 
overall World Cup standings 
with her second place. Erika 
Hess, bidding for a third tri- 
umph in succession here, bad 
another disappointing day. The 
Swiss veteran, who finished fifth 
in the giant slalom, could only 

manage twelfth, 

SLALOM: 1, C Sctvrtdhausar (Svritz) 
1:3446 (45.88/48-58): Z T MctOrawy 

1:34.33 (4&04/48£8k 3. R Stainer (Aus- 
tria) 1:34.99 (4629/48.70); 4, K Butler 
(Austria) 1:3&24; 5. M MnkwiioJer (Aua- 
tria)136^7;6.CNBtaon(Swe) 136.77; 7, 
C ran GriMoen (Switt) 1:36.85; & M 
Aatoe (Swe) 13&B8; M Svtt 13086; 10. 
V Srfmelder (Swttz) 157 M; 11. M 
Oazman (Yog) 1:3724; 12, E Hess 
1-3740; 13. U MtiertAuittlB) 13759: 14. 
H Lezak (WG) 137-B3; 15. BMadwn (US) 
137.67. Ove ral l etan t Sugs: 1. McKinney 
29 pts; 2. Svat 2ft 3. Scnmkfli«nar2S; 4. 
M Garg (WQ) 25; 5, V Stimeidar (Swttz) 
21; -6, E Hen (Switi) and Sttinar 15: *8. 
M Rgini (Swttz) and Budar 12; 10 
Mtiermtor 11; -11, C Nissan (Swo) and 
C Quinn (B) lOr 13. von QriMssn 9; =»14 
Aeqaeand tKhrhlw (Austria) S. _ 
NATIONS’ CUP: 1. SwrtMrtand, 82 pts; Z 
Austria 49; 3, West Germany 37; 4. Unfted 
States 34; 5. Yugoslavia 33. 

La Quinta, California (Reti- West cou 
ter) — Fuzzy Zoeller made the leered $ 6 C 
most of Jack Nkklaus's and ooSatuiti 
Arnold Palmer's poor putting par-three 
on Sunday to shut out the yesterday 
opposition and pocket a record boles to 
$370,000 (about £259,000) in record h 
the fourth Skins Game golf $115,000. 
tournament. ■ Lee Tn 

West course. Zoeller. who col- 
lected $60,000 on the front nine 
on Saturday with a bird*e at the 
par-three fourth, won the rest 
yesterday on three par-three 
holes to surpass the earnings 
record he set last year by 

tournament . Lee Trevino earned $55,000, 

ZOefier electrified a gallery of Palmer $25,000 and Nicklaus, 
about 10,000 by winning ail who had foe best medal-play 
$310,000 on offer over foe bade score at two under par. came 


Sale of the also-rans begins 

From Keith Wheadey, Perth 

With foe Amer- Australia HI and any other boat Switzerland, Finland and Spaii 
K ica’s Cup in Fremantle wifi be for sale." are among the countries knowr 
a W elimination tn- The going rate for a compel- to be keen to get into tin 
M r ' als beginning itive 12 -metre appears to be glamour of 12 -metre racing. 

With foe Amer- 
^ sea’s Cup 

a Wf elimination tn- 

my ' als beginning 

- A their final phase 

Wa today, the vul- 

tures are alrea- 
dy be ginning to hover over the 
boats that will not make it. 
South Australia has been sold to 
a Swedish syndicate planning a 
challenge for the next Cup. Now 
comes news that the Japanese 
are after the Bond boats. 

“We have had several Japa- 
nese groups down to talk to us 
since we decided not to keep 
Australia 111 in the compet- 
ition," foe syndicate spokes- 
man, Vera Reid, said. “One 
private buyer and an American 
syndicate have also been in 
touch with us. Obviously 

From Keith Wheadey, Perth 

Australia HI and any other boot 
in Fremantle wifi be for sale." 

The going rate for a compet- 
itive 12 -metre appears to be 
about $750,000 — at present. 
The Adelaide team got that 
much for their boat, but in the 
cruel aftermath of the final 
round robin it wifi become a 
buyer's market 
“All we"ve done so far is talk 

Switzerland, Finland and Spain 
are among foe countries known 
to be keen to get into foe 
glamour of 12 -metre racing. 

One interesting point will be 
whether New Zealand decides to 
sell foe technology that made 
the world's first glassfibre 12 - 
raetre possible. Given foe New 
Zealanders' success to dale, 

Kingston demand 
a full apology 

By Nicholas Hurling 

about the yachtsT Nothing has tappen. in the semj- 

, , ... T: finals and finals, ihwe wntild he 

been fi nal iz ed with any of Che 
prospective buyers,” Reid said. 
“I guess they are waiting on the 
basis that in three weeks time 
there wifi be at least another 
eight 1 2 -metres for sale. 

"With the World 12-metre 
seriescoming up in Sardinai 

finals and finals, there would be 
a keen market for foe secrets of 
the “plastic fantastics". 

However, sceptical observers 
say that foe most expansive and 
expensive gesture Alan Bond 
ever made was whenraisiQg his 
arms at Newport and ordering 

next July, everyone is looking the secret winged keel of Austra- 

around for boats and trial- 
horses.” Sweden, Japan, 

Lia n revealed to the waiting 


DAY one French lass V Azzunra; 
ClwBanga Frerere v Now ZMtonftUSAv 
itafa: Sets art Stripy vC&rwda 
v White Crusader; Heart of America v 

52y ri 1WO: New Zealand y H«rt of 
America Amina v ItaUa Write Cru sader 
v French Ksk Amerce Bv Stars and 
Striroa Chaaenge France v USA: Canada 

c FORECAST ~ by Paul Newman 

bnreest lonnuunents.*’ Heart of America * CteBenge ■ ftanca 

2Ea\ 3J« ggaKwasMi 

four 50 minute programmes to n AYRXlR5C»1melW p f^ w S“» an^, 

be screened in Man* and April, straws W*e 

dc sun: 1 "* • . l. dm. aria II v ItaHa; USA v Heart 01 America; 

Meanwhile, north tsf Bor y^^eatandv Eagle: America Uv French 
der miM 1 ivmgsiope kept up mss 

first division title in Cm Koyai graws French Kiss v New 

Bank Scottish league night. * AmerteottrUSA wvvn» 

defeat for a year by coming back New Zealand v ftafe CteBp 

from two sets down 

^moa v French kiss; stare ana Stripes v 

DAY SEVEN: Canada D v ISA: Eagle v 
Stent raid Stripes French Kiss v Heert of 
America; Azzurra v New Zeeland; WW» 
Crusader* America fc Italia » Chaflenge 

DAY EIGHT: Stars and Stripes v Rwdi 
Kiss: America u v Canada IU USA v Eatfe; 
ChaOengi: France v Azzura; Heart of 
/mtsdes v HafiK New Ztttiend v Write 

DAY MNE: USA v America H: French Kas 
v Eegto; Rale v Stars and Stripes; Write 
Crusader v Crialange France; Canada U v 
New ZeMand: Azzurra v Heart o( Anwtoa. 
DAY 10: Eagle v ItaHa; French Kiss v USA; 
New Zfistand v America 0; Heart of 
America v Whte Crusader; Stars and 
Stripes v teams. Chaltenge France v 
Canada IL 

DAY 11r USA v New Zealand.' Baft* v 
French Kin; Azzwn v Esree: Canada I) v 
Heart of America: America II v Crieflenge 
Franco; White Ctusadar v Stare and 

•first round raWn, one point; second 
round roOtn, Bw (joints; third round robin. 
12 points. Beet tour go thrau^i to aemi- 

Rnats from December 28 to Januan 7. 
Best two compeutobest-oi-savanchai' 
longer floats tor the Lnd& vrenon Cup lor 
America's Cup chtitongers from January 
13 to 23. America's Cfo chaflenge best- 
of-seran races from January 31. 

Polycell Kingston and Ports- 
mouth head for the Prudential 
National Cup final at the Albert 
Hall on December IS accompa- 
nied by the usual tinge of 
controversy. It is supplied this 
time by Kingston, foe cup 
holders, who announced yes- 
terday that they will withdraw a 
threat to sue Joe Wbelton on 
condition that they receive a fiifl 
apology from the Sharp Man- 
chester United coach and a 
retraction of remarks he made 
before Sunday’s semi-finals in 
Bir ming ham. 

Whehon’s sin was to com- 
plain about the choice of referee 
for the game. Mick Howell, he 
alleged, had been invited by 
Kingston to foe Carlsberg Na- 
tional League game between the 
clubs three weeks ago, after 
which he and his wife also 
attended a reception. 

Inferring foal this was an 

crying to influence officials. ” 

Wbelton repfied^No way did 
I imply or insinuate there was 
anything underhand at a!L Micfc 
Howell is a fine referee and a fair 
man. There is no question about 
foaL All I said was that, in the 
circumstances, maybe it would 
be best if they had someone else 

In the context of the semi- 
final, Wbelton had no com- 
plaints about any of Howell's 
decisions in his team's 95-86 
defeat The coach did, in fact, 
avoid any possibility of further 
rancour by immediately remov- 
ing his player, Kevin Penny, 
from foe court after he had 
elbowed Steve Bontrager in the 

Ironically, it was Roach who 
finished wub more grievances 
over the officiating, considering 
that in the circumstances How- 
ell bad been so influenced by 



America II 

Store and Stripes 

French Kiss 


White Crusader 

Canada II 


Ea^a — 

Heart of America 


Chattenpe France 


Kookaburra HI 

Ausaafe IV — 

Kookaburra (I 

South Australia 

Steak V Kidney - — — _ 


— 22 1 SB 

— 20 3 56 

— 18 5 46 

— IS 10 45 

— 15 8 43 
— 15 8 43 
— 11 12 31 
— 11 12 27 

— 8 15 24 

— 5 18 13 

— 3 20 11 
2 2 12 

indiscreet action on the part of United's stand that he had made 
the- official Wbelton protested several wrong decisions in their 

before foe game to foe English 
Basket Ball Association. They 
refused his request for a change 
of referee. 

Wbelton’s protest upset Den- 
nis Roach, foe Kingston chair- 
man. who said that foe 
invitation had come from the 
dub's sponsors, Potycell “We 
were considering issuing a per- 
sonal writ against Joe Whelton 
for slander,” Roach confirmed, 
“but we have withdrawn that on 
the basis of our good relations 
with Manchester United. He 
was insinuating that our club is 


So agitated did Roach become 
that be became involved in a 
heated exchange on the court- 
side with Rick Taylor, United's 
general manager. By then. 
United had made up a 14-poini 
leeway only to succumb soon 
after the Penny incident. 

Ultimately, however. United 
had no answer to foe improved 
form of Bontrager, who, after 
Sinking only one basket in the 
first bal£ collected 28 points, 
including four three-pointers, 
after foe interval 

5 iprf* : *■ ’ 


fetSA&.S • 





ggfgtST mb * fS 

1 Arsenal * Of” v Tranmar 

20»rtton¥Ne*«sW Bath; Ca 

X£ffllSMtiWw^ n Rovers' 

1 Coventry c aaniak* 

1 Everton v toown tervDonc 

1 Nottm F v C Preston ( 

XOxtortivU'ton Fu8«*nvt 

1 Sheffield WvAWM SvCft 

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Anne Warden meets Richard Fox, slalom champion aiming to stay No. I 

Nottingham course instant success 



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The new 700-metre canoe 
slalom course at Holme 
Piempont, Nottingham, could 
be the used for a Ing inter- 
national race in foe next year if 
Richard Fox, Britain's world 
champion in the event has his 

the £22 motion course, 
which was opened In foe public 
in October, now has as many as 
100 «os a day, and Fox has 
found the swirling waters good 
enough to tram on even in foe 
past week, after heavy rain 
forced engineers to reduce foe 
volume in foe artificial channel 
alongside the River Trenc At its 
maximmn, the water speed b 4A 
metres per second. 

“Ghe it a year or 18 months, 
and there wfll be a very good 

CfiUtvs^^SSrpooi. Aylasbury. and there will be a very good 

training sqnad here,” says Fox, 

nam Uwpool. Rangers, from Staflord, where be trained 

with foe Stafford and Stone 

Canoe Chb, to use the Holme 
Pierre pont coarse. “I stick nqr 
nose in from time to time,” he 
admits when asked about the 
administration of the facility. 

The course, part of the Na- 
tional Water Sports Centre, is a 
joint project by die Sports 
Council, foe British Canoe 
Union **m N ottinghamshir e 
County Councti. 

Britain now has about 6,000 
competitive canoeists, according 
to Fox, who was made an MBE 
last month and advises on canoe 
design and equipment He has 
held the world title, contested 
every two years, since 1981, and 
paddles full-time, with the help 
of a {raining pant from foe 
Sports Aid Foundation. 

The Holme Pferrepont coarse, 
first conceived 26 years ago, is 
considered the equal of any 
artificial slalom course in the 
world, rivalling that at Augsburg 

built for foe 1972 Mtmkh 
Olympic Gaines and others hi 
France and Czechoslovakia. 

Fox, aged 26, trams take a 
day, thankful for the the gyraoa- 
simn and foe heated changing- 
rooms - a canoeist's dream when 
compared with the usual freez- 
ing river banks. 

Last week Ire was demonstrat- 
ing his Eskimo reti on Dutch 
television and next month he 
and his girl friend, Myriam 
JfensalM, the world slalom No. 
3, who is hi the French national 
team, are off on a world tour, 
taking in contests in New Zea- 
land and Australia, with a 
stopover In Vancouver. 

There is also some hope of 
boosting British canoe design 
and e^sfement interests in Hong 
Kong. There is thoaght to he 
huge potential in foe Chinese 
market, where, Fox says, the 

sport is becoming increasingly 

Fox, who has a BA ia physical 
education from Birmingham 
University, believes that the 
improvement to t raining facil- 
ities which the Holme 
Pierrepoint coarse has provided 
was essential for Britain's future 
in a sport in which foe first 
British slalom world title was 
Paul Farrant’s in 1959. 

Fox covered the 800 metres 
coarse at Augsburg In 3min 
30sec to retain his title in June, 
198S. The next world champion- 
ships will be at Bonn* St 
Maurice, in the French Haute- 
Saroie, in July, 1987. About 20 
countries, i&duifeg the United 
States, Canada and Japan, com- 

It is thought fikety tint foe 
sport, dropped from the Olym- 
pic Games in the 1970s, will be 
included again ty organizers in 

$310,000 on offer over the back 
nine of the demanding PGA 





By Sydney Frisian 

Steve Davis, who admitted 
that he had a few anxieties on 
the way to retaining the 
Term eo is UK title at Preston, 
should be more relaxed when be 
begins the defence of the 
Hofmeister world doubles 
championship with Tony Meo 
ai the Derogate Centre. Nortb- 
. ampton, today. 

John Spencer and Gino 
Riratano, whose world ranking 
is 86 , provide the third round 
opposition for Davis and Meo. 
who have an outstanding record 
in this event. They have won the 
title three times, thus collecting 
a total of £108,250 in prize- 

Success for Davis and Meo in 
the third and fourth rounds 
could lead to a quarter-final 
round meeting with Alex Hig- 
gins and Jimmy White, who in 
the 1984 tournament defeated 
Davis and Meo in the semi- 
finals and went on to win the 
title for the first time. 

White, who made a 
championship record break of 
144 at Preston, is probably in 
better form than Higgins, who 
faces disciplinary action from an 
independent tribunal shortly to 
consider a number of charges 
against him. White and Higgins 
are due to play George Scon and 
Geoff Foulds, the father of Neal, 
tomorrow evening. 

Neal Foulds is partnered by 
John Pantm. whom Foulds 
defeated 9-3 u the UK semi- 
finals. In the bottom half of the 
draw they appear to have an 
easy match this afternoon 
against Steve Newbury and 
Roger Bales, Parrott and Foulds 
could meet Joe Johnson and 
Tony Knowles in the semi-finals 
but Parrott and Foulds could 
find strong opposition in the 
quarter-finals against Cliff 
Thorburn and Willie Thorne, 
who are seeded No. 2. 

All the top eight seeds are 
playing along with their 1985 
partners for the event, which 
drew a record entry of 58 pairs 
fora share in the £ 200,000 prize- 
money. The winners will receive 

TODAY’S MATCHES: S Frwwfceo and P 
Francisco v V Harris and D Glbwfc J 
Parrott and N Foulds v S Newbury and R 
Bates (10). S Davis and T Meo v J 
Spencer and Q Rtaitarux 1 Campbell and p 
Mans v S James and D Ros (7.451 
SCORES: FfMCSDavte bast N Fotedsifi. 

7 . Frame scares (Davis first): 20-64. 3d>^0, 
62-19, 70-39. 79-15, 71 -Mi 53-57. 104*. 
M3, 5M3. 8M0.BD-1. 9M8. 123-0. IB- 
80. 78-70. 110-ft 24-81, 56-28. 7645. 56 
75; 124-0.760. 

score at two under par, came 
away empty-handed. 


in Trophy 

By Keith Macktin 

Doncaster, the giant-killers of 
the first round of the John 
Player Special Trophy, ran out 
of luck mien the second round 
draw was made yesterday. They 
were paired away to first di- 
vision Leigh but in view of 
Leigh's moderate form this sea- 
son, the confident Doncaster 
side may fancy their chances of 
dealing another upset. 

Luck continued to favour the 
holders and favourites, how- 
ever. Wigan have another home 
tie, this time against second 
division opposition in Swinton, 
a useful team but hardly in the 
class of Wigan, who seem 
assured of another quarter-final 
in a tournament from which 
they have reaped rich rewards in 
recent seasons. 

Another leading first division 
side with an apparently easy 
passage are Widnes, who are at 
home to the winners of the 
postponed tie between Carlisle 
and Keighley from the lower 
reaches of the second division. 
Neither will relish going to 
Naughcon Park, where Widnes 
rattled up 82 points against 
Dewsbury on Sunday. 

The outstanding ties are those 
between top first division teams. 
Castleford, the Challenge Cup 
and Yorkshire Cup holders, are 
at home to the unbeaten leaders, 
Si Helens, in the match of the 
round, and this tie will be played 
on Saturday to accommodate 
television coverage. Warring- 
ton, the premiership holders, 
narrowly survived against 
Hunslet and now entertain Hali- 
fax, the champions, who won 
two years ago in the same 
competition at the Wflderspool 

Blackpool Borough, among 
the second division promotion 
hopefuls, have a crowd-pulling 
encounter with Hull and will 
not be without hope of emulat- 
ing Doncaster's feat against the 
other stumbling giant of 

Featherstone Rovers, who 
struggled to beat Workington 
Town on Sunday, face a Brad- 
ford Northern side for whom 
Terry Holmes is beginning to 
show outstanding form and 
confidence now that his shoul- 
der is standing up to every test 

SECOND ROUND: Mftgan v Swtntorr. Leigh 
* Doncaster; Feattwstorw Rowre v 
Bradford Northern; Widnes * Carfsfe or 
Ketghtey; Sheffield Eagles v Barrow; 
Blackpool Borough v Hull; Warrington v 
Halifax; Castteford v St Helens. 


Avon out on their own 

Avon, who won the Western 
Counties Tournament for the 
third time will be the only team 
in the National Counties Finals 
on December 13 and 14 to have 
competed in last year's com- 
petition (Joyce Whitehead 

The west were the Iasi of the 
five territories to finish, and at 
the start of the weekend Avon 
were leading Wiltshire by two 

points. On Saturday, Avon beat 
Somerset 4-0. and Wiltshire 
beat Dorset 2-1, and on Sunday 
in the last match of the tour- 
nament Avon and Wiltshire 
straggled together for a goalless 

The north held their under- 2 ! 
tournament at Neslon in Chesh- 
ire at the weekend and here 
Sheffield League came out top- 
Nine teams played in two pools. 




Kennedy loses 
out as switch 
wins Risman a 

third Blue 

By Da rid Hands, Rngby Owxespondent 

John Risman’s successful 
conversion to full back this 
terra means that he will win 
his third Blue in that position 
when Oxford play Cambridge 
at Twickenham next Tuesday 
in the 105th University 
Match. He was named there 
yesterday, to the exclusion of 
the unfortunate Andrew Ken- 
nedy, who was Oxford's foil 
back in their nail-biting 7-6 
win last year but who has been 
plagued by injury this season. 

Even so, Oxford can still 
include nine.Blues while Cam- 

bridge boast only five, among 
them the prop forward, Nick 
Herrod, who has won three 
Blues at Oxford and one at 
Cambridge and has yet to fold 
himself upon the winning 
side. Herrod gained some 
comfort from his years at 
Oxford between 1981-83 by 
taking a first-class degree in 
engineering and if his Ph.D in 
computer vision suggests a 
glimpse of the future, it may 
be that victory next Tuesday is 
on his programme. 

The match will be spon- 
sored for the eleventh time by 

C T Bowring and Company, 
who arc increasing by £10,000 

who arc increasing by £10,000 
the money which has enabled 
both universities to make 
substantial improvements to 
their facilities over the past 
few years. When the two 
teams were announced Gil 
Cooke, the company's chair- 
man, said it had been “an 
extremely happy and reward- 
ing association." 

Once the decision had been 
taken to move Coll Mac- 
Donald, last year's No 8, to 
the second row to allow for the 
inclusion of Neil McBain, 
Oxford's team looted settled 
long before the weekend, 
when the players themselves 
were told. Kennedy proceeded 
to play an excellent game at 
foil back in an Oxfordshire 
Cup match on Sunday but 
Risman's footballing qualities 
and general experience have 
earned him the position. 

His first two Blues were won 
at centre, and be has helped 
out at stand-off half, but the 
presence at Oxford of Brendan 
Mullin. the Irish centre and 
one of three internationals 
who win appear at Twick- 
enham (Bill Calcrafi, of 
Australia, and Fran Gough, of 
England, are the others), en- 
sured that the partnership of 

final in 1985-86 when both 
went on to win England 
Student honours, would be 

Curiously Risman's youn- 
ger brother, Mike, is playing 
foil bade for Rugby and bis 
distinguished father, Bev, an 
international in both rugby 
codes, believes that full back 
will be John's better position. 
John Risman's opposite num- 
ber, Mark Thomas, also has a 
distinguished pedigree, since 
his father. Gem, played for 
Wales and captained his 

Thomas junior was unlucky 
last season when a com- 
plicated knee injury sustained 
in the annual match with M R 
Stede-Bodger’s XV prevented 
him winning a Hue at stand- 
off half . It was feared at one 
time that his rugby career was 
in danger but he returned 
nearly midway through this 
term to take over the fob back 

It has not been an easy term 
for Cambridge, who have had 
a variety of injury problems, 
and the only occasion on 
which the team named yes- 
terday have appeared together 
before was against Steele- 
Badger's XV, when they 
gained their second win of the 
term. Tim Lord, the stand-off 
and in his third year of legal 
studies, has been in and ont of 
the side but will benefit from 
the presence of Andy Cushing, 
the scrum half who, at 33, is by 
five years the oldest member 
of either side. 

(Weftnaon Cofleqe arid S t Etfcnwd Hafl); 

and GraST?! A HySon gSSticme and 


Olympique’s win 
suggests a shift in 
balance of power 

Snodin is 
at Leeds 
for now 

By Simon O’Hagan 

.otjmpkn* M«r*nrf>0 cotejws ^ 

Controlling interest: Dennis Smith (left), of the Denver Broncos, reaches for the football, 
fumbled by Bill Johnson, of the Cnaamuti Bengals, on Sanday. The bafl west oat of bounds 
and the Bengals retained possession. Denver won the game 34-28. Report, page 35 


Laing forced out 
of Warren show 

Pearce has 
to find a 

By Srikamar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 
Varren's show at the Bank guard in New York. 

new venue 

Frank Warren's show at the 
Alexandra Pavilion tomorrow 
was dealt yet another Wow when 

Kirkland Laing, of Nottingham, 
pulled out of the bout with 

However, when Epps caught 
sight of Currie's 200Ib-pius 
frame yeste r day he claimed that 
he thought be had come here to 
box a enriserweight. Epps 
weighs 1901b. 

But Warren said that he had 
been told that he was taking on a 
heavyweight. “1 can’t under- 
stand why be should be 
complaining when in his reooxd 
of 29 fights there are names of 
heavyweights like Jeff Sims and 
Marns Frazier and recently he 
knocked out the Spanish heavy- 
weight champion. “Epps has 
never been stopped." Warren 

Christie's opponent, Boston, 
made all the right noises about 
coming here “to fight" but could 
give no satisfactory explanation 
as to why he had dropped from 
No. 5 in the World Boxing 
Council rankings to 12 after 
losing a dose decision to Doug 
De wltt, another highly ranked 
middleweight, who was recently 
outpointed by Thomas Hearns. 
Boston, who turned professional 
four years ago, has lost only 
three of his IS contests. 

g rlvester Mittee, of Bethnal 
reen, for the British welter- 

weight title vacated by Lloyd 
Honeyghan. Laing has in- 

Dubfln. olid UnhMrettv), I a MCDoMM 
(Chaadta Hubne and Btstaft -A M 

■ Htdme and EaSBrJ; *A M 
(Hadley and Sr Cather ine's). *SN 
iSdicol and 


andSlEdnuxi Utf). JCfaWstt(Ptymcxitn 
Cofege and KaUeL S M Feraumi (Royal , 
BeHast Al and & Edmund HaB), W J 1 
Cafcrafl (Soots GoSaga. Sydney, and , 
BraaanraeL *C Crans (Portvpool Cotege 

i i in ii mill ■ 


Honeyghan. Laing has in- 
fluenza. Warren is still hoping to 
fold a suitable opponent in time 
for Mittee. 

This is the third blow that the 
show has received: Tony Sibson 
pulled out a month ago with a 
shoulder injury and the star, 
Azumah Nelson, the World 
Boxing Council's featherweight 
champion, made his excuses last 
week when he was taken to 
hospital in Ghana with sus- 
pected appendicitis. 

Warren drafted in Hughroy 
Currie, the former British 
heavyweight champion, to lend 

body to the show headed by a 
middleweight bout between Er- 
rol Christie, of Coventry, and 
Charlie Boston, of Trenton, 
New Jersey. 

Currie's opponent wifi be 
Melvin Epps, a Smith and 
Wesson-toting Wells Fargo 

CofleoB. mean, and UnMM 
NSabBMMmpMortt) and 
Cambridge! umverstty:! 

Thomas (Gamrton CS and Magdalene); T 
W D base IWobeck CoBrao and Ov- 
and Trinity 

RMm and Magdalene). COS 
sTEdTWndsfcT M Lnrt 
and Orisf-* * 

CoSege, Bn ™ 

Herrod Mng Henry VS. 

Ctere Hm), fl W Gactsr 
Magdalene). N Ham 

David Pearce's attempt to 
make an active comeback in 
■■licensed boxfog is being 
threatened by local political 
piurnrn Pearce, the farmer 
Brfaish heavyweight champion, 
who is banned by the Board of | 
Control on medical grounds, fa 
due to fight ♦*»» Am erica n, 
Lorenzo Boyd, on December 15 1 
at the AbertzDery Leisure 

victory over Paris Saint-Ger- 
main at the weekend underlined 
the shift in the balance of power 

is French football this season. 
PSG, the league champions, 
have now lost four matches in a 
row are languishing in mid- 
table, while Marseilles, into 
whom the fan ne r France na- 
tional manager Michel Hidalgo 
has breathed new life, are two 
points dear at the top. 

PSG may point to the loss of 
their international goalkeeper, 
Joel Bats, with a broken rib at 
half-time as an explanation for 
this defeat; bat the feet is that 
Marseilles, thanks to Laurel and 
Cabaynes, were already 2-0 in 
front by then «nd dearly the 
dominant side. Jeannol, the 
PSG defender, took over from 
Bats but could not prevent 
further goals from Qtbaynes 
»n H Papin. 

The driving force behind the 
Marseilles revival is their presi- 
dent, Bernard Tapie, whose 
flamboyance him one of 
Prance's best known business- 
men. It was Tapie who secured 
Hidalgo's services as manager 
before the start of the season and 
the appointment has proved an 
instant success. 

One of Hidalgo's first moves 
was to bny Alain Giresse, the 
veteran French midfield player 
who at 34 was expected to play 
ont his days at Bordeaux, the 
club where be had spent his 
entire career. Giresse's ever- 
green skills are complemented 
welt Marseilles have a quick 
and aggressive attack m the 

the Yugoslav, Sliskovic. while 
()» mm a e rstone of the defence is 
the West German. Kari-Hemz 
Forster. Behind him is the 
Cameroon goalkeeper, BdL one 
of the best m the French leamie. 

Bordeaux remain Marseilles 
closest challenges, though they 
were surprisingly beaten 2-0 at 
Saint-Etseane in a m atch which 
suggested that the home sid e , 
full of talented youth, could 
soon recover some of their 
former glory. PSG’s plight is 
nothing compared with that of 
their Parisian rivals. Rarin g, 
who are fourth from the bottom 
of the table. In a match with 
something of a World Cup 
flavour, Franrcscoii, the Uru- 
guayan international, put Rac- 

Bumicbaga* of Argentina, 

Scottish imports to French 
football are poking their mark, 
too. Eric Blade, the former 
Aberdeen forward, scored in 
Metz’s 6-1 victory over Rennes, 
while Ray Stephen, recently 
signed from Dundee, celebrated 
his first appearance for Nancy 
last week by scoring both goals 
in fhrir 2-0 win over Toulouse. 

The Italian championship 
still to be heading 

Napoli's way. despite then- 
dropping a point with a below- 
par performance at Verona. 
Juren t o s played some of their 
worn football of the season in 
their 3-0 defeat at Roma, and 
they are now three points be- 
hind the leaders, along with 
Como >m< ) Inter-Milan. 

Game stopped 
by violence 
in Argentina 

Top coaches 
turn down 

However, the Bhaua Gwent 
CoimciL who own the c en tre, say 
the fight caimot take place there 
as members of the local Go- 
operative Party daim it con- 
stitutes unhceised boxing. The 
p ro moters are hoping to find a 
new venae for the fight, Infied as 

being for the ermserweight title 
of the World Athletic Associ- 
ation, an organization unknown 
ID the British Board. 

• TOKYO (AFP) - The Worfd 
Booing Corned jrad n r welter- 
weight champion, Tsnyoshl 
Hamada, of Japan, is expected 
to retain his title against Ronnie 
Shields, of the United States, 


Buenos Aires (Reuter) — The 
Argen ti ne first division match 
between Estndiantes and Boca 
Juniors was abandoned after 39 
rnmirtM on Sunday when fens 
pelted the Estudrantes goal- 
keeper, Carlos Bertero, with 

The incident happened im- 
mediately after Dci t cx o had 
conceded the goal which put 
Boca Juniors 1-0 up. He was 
jeered by fen* and replied with 
an obscene gesture, the signal for 
rocks and other objects to rain 
down from the terraces and for 
tin* re feree to lead both t”" 1 * 
from the field. 

Boom (Reuter) — The main 
candidates to become Franz 
Beckenbauer’s new assistant 
have rebuffed West German 
national team manager. 
Beckenbauers present aide. 
Hoist KoeppeL, is to quit al the 
end of the season. But two of 
the most likely prospects have 
angrily rejected the idea 
Berti Vogts and Jupp 
Heynckes, were the most fan- 
cied contendere, but Vogts, coa- 
ch to the national iwm in 
Mexico, said: “I'm no co- 
tramer.” Heynckes, t rainer of 
Borussia Monchengladbach, 
was even more scathing. 

Leeds United have turned 
down an offer of more than half 
a million pounds for Ian 
Snodin, their captain and for- 
mer England under-21 midfield 
player, Billy Bremner, the dub’s 
manager, said yesterday. 

Bremner declined to reveal 
which club had made the bid but 
Everton and Liverpool have 
been showing keen interest. “Ian 
knows the situation and is 
hap py to stay at EDand Road 
and help us try to win 
promotion," Bremner said. 

Although Snodin, who is 23, 
is content to remain at L eeds for 
the time being, the situation 
could change at the end of the 
season when his contract ex- 
pires. particularly if the dub fail 
tow up. 

• George Graham, the Arsenal 
manager, says he has received 
do approaches for the Scottish 
international forward, Charlie 
Nicholas, despite speculation 
that he is wanted by Manchester 
United and LiverpooL 

Nicholas, who has recovered 
from a knee gash, has missed 
Arsenal’s surge to the top of the 
league. Nicholas is under con- 
tract only until the end of the 
season and, with United looking 
to buy to end their goal famine 
and Liverpool also set to spend 
to replace lan Rush and Kenny 
Dalglish, Nicholas could be- 
come their target 

• Coventry City have signed the i 
Rotherham United centre half, 
Kevan Smith, for £60,000. But 
Smith, aged 26, a 6ft 3in 
defender, must wait to make his 
first division debut because be is 
serving a suspension for being 
sent off in Rotherham's recent 
FA Cup tie against Chester City. 

• Derby County yesterday 
banked a rapid £10.000 profit 
when their central defender, 
David Linighan. decided to go 
ahead with a £30,000 move to 
Shrewsbury Town. Derby paid 
£20.000 for Linighan when he 
joined them from Hartlepool 
United during the summer, but 
he made no appea ran ces 

• The Brighton and Hove Al- 
bion captain, Danny Wilson, 
could be sidelined until Christ- 
mas after being substituted at 
Sheffield United on Saturday 
with a thigh injury. Meanwhile 
Alan Mullery, the Brighton 
manager. Iras extended his 
punishment drill despite his 
team's 1-0 win. After fielding his 
first team in a local cap tie last 
week he has cancelled days off 
this week. 



All work 
and play 
for Senior 

Semynj, *S R KeK ' (Richard Hush 
CoSoqb, Tauiion. and C 

Risman and Rob Rydon, 
which proved mutually bene- 

CoDsge, Taunton, and ~ 

R Hobbs (Worth amt Magdalene). N P 
Topping (RGS High Wycombe and St 
Jam’s). R I Wa u — iMrt (Gtanabnond mi 
Macdaiene), *T A WXhyimn (SpakSng GS 
ano EfnrnenueQ. 
ftafoiee: F A HawardfljvwpooQ. 

•A Hue. 

Rhythm takes 
Hyland to 
last eight 

Worcestershire wait - 

By Paul Newman 

Graham Hyland, a pro- 
fessional at New York and a 
-former US Open champion, 
advanced to the quarter-finals of 
the George Wimpey open sin- 

Com petition returns to 
Wfllesden. the scene of the 1986 
World Cup tournament, on 
December 13 and 14 when the 
semi-finals »wi fiial of the 

gles championship at Queen’s' 
Club yesterday when he dc- 

Club yesterday when he de- 
feated Kevin Sheldon, a pro- 
fessional at Leamington, 6-S, 6- 
0, 4-6, 6-0 (William Stephens 
writes). Hyland found himself 2- 
5 down in the first set, having 
broken two rackets, but be 
found his rhythm, which was 
not disturbed until the third set 
when Sheldon used a shorter 

David Johnson, the Queen’s- 
Club professional, eliminated 
Michael Gooding (Canford) by 
2-6, 6-0, 6-0, 6-3. Johnson began 
in a reverie, being on the 
receiving end of tight railroad 
services, but he exploited weak- 
nesses in Gooding's bade band 
and prevented him forcing the 

Worcestershire, who won the 
title two seasons ago, will meet 
Essex or Cheshire. Essex are at 

borne to Cheshire on Sunday on 
the Old Loughtonians artificial 

turf pitch in their postponed 

Worcestershire qualified for 
the semi-finals last season but 
were beaten by Devon after 
extra time. Devon and Kent, 
both of whom were taken to 
extra time in the quarter-finals 
on Sunday, will meet in the 
second semi-final. Devon lost 1- 
0 to Surrey in the final last year 
but Kent have not been in the 
final since the 1978-79 season 
when they won the title with a 3- 
0 victory over Norfolk. 

saH-FMAL& WoroestaNra v Essex or 
Cheshire; Devon v Kent 



Ian Sonar’s idea of the best 
preparation lor ■ football match 
does not exactly conform with 
the traditional formula of a qnfet 

evening, early-to-bed and plenty 
of sleep. “I generally play better 
when Pre bees np all the 
previous night," he said. 
“Maybe it’s because I loot I 
have to conce n tr ate to beat the 

Panel backs AAA 

Varsity rivals: Simon Griffin (left) and Fran Clough, 
respective captains of Oxford and Cambridge 

winning openings by keeping 
the ball on the floor. 

A panel set up last year to 
advise the Amateur Athletic 
Association on its business af- 
fairs has backed the general 
committee in their decision not 
to allow association members to 
inspect contracts with indepen- 
dent television and Alan Pascoe 
Associates. Swindon Athletic 
Club, supported by influential 
members, had submitted a pro- 

posal for the books to be 

A panel statin cm issued yes- 
terday said: “We consider that 
the confidentiality of contracts 
is essential. The pasting of the 1 
Swindon motion would seri- 
ously jeopardize the ability of 
the sport to raise funds to 
conduct its affairs and to enable , 
it to continue to be successful 




Control as urgent as 
payments for Irish 



Wales Conference 



By Paul Martin 

m s 


Ireland have agreed in prin- 
ciple to support payment to 
players on overseas inter- 
national toms for loss of earn- 
ings bat they are continuing to 
study the detail of the Inter- 
national Rugby Football Board's 

They are as concerned, at 
present, that the board should 
regain control of the game and 
mutual respect among its 

“We most regain authority 
over the game now that the 
present system has lost integrity 
and cohesion has broken down," 
Sir Ewart BelL president of the 
Irish Rngby Football Union, 
said. “We accept the proposed 
system of tour allowances pro- 
vided the system of control over 
the game is established: It fa 
absolutely the essential sine qua 
son for this change". 

Current proposals to be de- 
cided on by the ERFB next 
March were “acceptable in prin- 
ciple. but some of the detail 
lacks clarity". 

Keith Rowlands, of Wales, the 

board's policy committee chair- 
man, took a similar stance last 
month, according to confidential 
minutes of the meeting. He said 
his committee considered that 
changes to the amateur laws 
would have “little relevance" 
unless disciplinary sanctions 
were introduced. 

According to board delegates, 
Harry McKfbbin, the Irish 
representative, threatened to 
withdraw Ireland from Che 
World Cop — and even from the 
board itself — if the Anstratians 
blocked the proposed new pow- 
ers. Australia, with French and 
Sooth African hacking, had 
previously refused to conate- 
nance these disciplinary powers 
until tonr payments were agreed. 

In the end each proposal was 
accepted, but only in principle. 
Should the English-Scottish 
opposition scupper the pay- 
ments move next March, it 
wooM be possible for Australia, 
France ami South Africa to 
stymie the new powers cfause 
(rack prop osal seeds six of the 
eight members to support it). 










,-i 1 , 1 1' , 1 , ' . ’ 


take so many days off that I 
new take a holiday, except for a 
break in the summer. But Fn 
not complaining because I love 
my football and the night work 
doesn't seem to have a ted effect' 
m my game.” 

One of foe advantages of 
Senior's job fa that it has 
enabled him to play football ■ 
Earope. He was a member of the 
Great Britain side beaten 2-4) by 
Belgium in the European tore 
service championships in 
Luxembourg last year. “I believe 
we were the last English side to 
play hi Europe for a wfafle,” be 
said. “Oar game was toe day 
after the Brussels tragedy and 
before the ban on En glish teams 
playing In Earope was 

. Senior rates Chorley’s present 
Cap ran, which contones with a 
second-tmmd tie on Satarday 
against Preston North End at 
Blackburn (Charley's own 
ground has been nried ont for 

sauriy reasons;, as roe mgnest 
point yet in bfa remarkably 
tnrbtdest career. He is only 26 
years old but has played for no 
fewer than 17 dobs. 

- He has been on toe books of 
14 aon-Leagae dabs in toe 
north-west and two years ago he 

had an unsuccessful two-month 
trial with Manchester City. He 
has also played on loan for the 
reserve teams of Bolton 
Wanderers and Oldham 

He is well aware that althoug h 
bfa services have always been m 
d em and, there have also been 
plenty of managers prepared to 
release him. “In the past man- 
agers bare jumped on me when 
I've made a mistake and that's 
wrecked my confidence,” he 
said, “bo Wright, my present 
manager, always tells me to 
forget any mistakes and jast get 
oa with fa. As a result fm 
probably playing better than at 
any stage of my career.” 

Wright c onfi r m ed: “Ian’s an 

excellent goalkeeper and at last 
he's starting to believe to him- 
self. Hfa whole world used to faO 
apart when he made a 

tort now he’s that mnch older 
and that ranch wiser.” 

Senior comtidets his perfor- 
mance in Chortey’s tost replay 
against Wolves in the last round 
as his best ever. Yet when the 
Multipart League aide won the 
second replay 3-0 at Barndea 
Park be hardly ted a shot to 

“It was extr aordin ary how 
muc h we were on top,” be said. 
“Winning was a bit of an anti- 
climax In the end. We were more 
ecstatic about hoMing tbem in 
the first game, because before 
then I don't thfalr any of ns 
really believed we coaid get a 
result. After that game we knew 
we could do it- We must have a 
chance against Preston too, 
though I think they will be a 
more difficult proposition than / 
















Uw*— J 












in half 
r lan 
id for- 
: dub's 


bid but 
a. “Ian 
ind is 
1 Road 
> win 

i is 23. 
reds for 
of the 
act ex- 







p of the 
lex con- 
1 of the 
i famine 

0 spend 

1 Kenny 
old be- 

tre had; 
XX). But 
6ft 3in 
nake his 
.use he is 
or being 
's recent 
50 profit 
Je fender, 
«d to go 
move to 
rby paid 
when he 
umer. but 


-Jove Al- 
Vv ibon. 

il Christ- 
i tilled at 
ded ha 
jpx te his 
riding his 
p lie last 
days off 




Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter DavaUe 

Balancing act in the butler’s pantry 

ld /^ciT£ 

aiional m av ! 
ft chtap'- ‘ 
^ Prelimj. 
)unced yev 


Jons. The 
■* Profits of 
l he ?«r ,0 
3 . h per Cflit 
lh “ Preced- 
r- the resuii 
'Je in terms 

Jnl > --6 per 

hica;i : .. Ihe 
c s Dimness 
>' ’*+are its 
anc rciaied 
3n. mainly 

paci.; 2 |n_g_ 

om pe r 
54 per cer.i 

orun bution 
ion to io 5 
ite tht earn' 

ctror.;:', > 
sion -tts m 
Lherc- - 
. su;cf,:-» 

• One half of this month’s edition 
of First Tsesday (ITV, 10.30pm) 
is token up by what must be the 
onfy example of job training that 
tails for champagne to go - 
literally - io your head. The 
pofect butler, we are told, is not 
bom, but made. He is the product 
of a school for butlers, where 
professional status is elevated 
through the simple device of being 
class ified as buffing admin- 
istrators. Old Hollywood movies 
have accustomed us to seeing 
chorus girls being tr ained by 
walking with a pile of books on 
ftor heads. Tonight’s film trans- 
fers the idea to the domestic scene. 
Champagne bottle on a tray the 
trainee Jeeves has to tread the 
carpet with bubbly glass haiam^f 
on head. At the same time, he 
must mouth such deferential 
sentiments as:“What rim* would 
you like a call in the mor ning 

6.00 Ceefax AM. 

6*30 News headlines followed by 

The Ffintstones. Cartoon 
series, (r) 625 Weather. 

7.00 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough, Sally Magnusson, and 
Jeremy Paxman. National and 
international news at 7.00, 
7-30, 8.00 and 820; regional 
news and travel at 7.15. 7.45 
and 8.15; weather at 7.25, 7.55 
and 525. 

8-40 Watchdog. Consumer affairs 

•en :'r.: :>| 


•kets r ■ 

> a b: 

» rer .s' 

id • 

2 <v 

•••-! ;o; 

j . • • n? J 

- „• ■ : s„>: ol ' 
.* -nu.::pici 
. ; ij-.c? j 

- ;o %r. . 


: ' V- 3 i 

i : J& ii 


Fairtds Wood and John 
Stapleton 8L55 Regional news 
and weather; O-OOftows 
update and weather. 

9-05 Day to Day. Studio autfience 
and guests discuss a topical 
subject, chaired by Robert 
Kflroy-Sflk 945 Advice Shop. 
Margo MacDonald with advice 
on datmkig Supplementary 
Benefit 1020 Nefohbows. ft) 
1020 The Wombles. (1)1025 Ptuffip 
Schofield with children's 
- television news, and birthday 
greetings. 1050 Henry's Cot 

1025 Free to Eleven. FuftonMackay 
writh a thought for the day 
11-00 Vegetarian Kitchen. 

Sarah Brown makes different 
types of pastry using 
wholewheat flour. (r) 112 S 
Open Air. Viewers comment 
qp television programmes. 

1225 Domesday Detectives. Quiz 
game for teams presented by 
Paii Coia 1255 Regional news 
and weather. 

120 One O^fock News with 
Martyn Lewis. Weather 125 
Neighbours. 150 Stop-Go. (r) 

220 Fine A Star is Bom (1937) 
starri n g Janet Gaynor and 
Firedric March. Tne story of a 
promising young actress 
whose career is put in jeopardy 
when a fading film-star falls in 
love withtiier. Directed by 
WHIlffln A Wellman. (see 

320 Ando and the Jet Set (rl 420 
TheCfujcfctehounds 425 

'.v* Captain Caveman, ft) 4.15 

. Jomry Briggs 420 Record 


art". , or H m do that immediately, 
sir **. The breakages rate appears 
to be on the high which 
probably helps to explain why the 
course costs £3,000. The attrac- 
tions of the profession are not 
represented tonight as irresistible. 
The most enthusiastic thing one 
recruiter says as he scours the 
industrial North for future occu- 
pants of buffers’ pantries is that 
being a gentleman’s gentleman is 
better than coming home from the 
factory to a supper of beans on 

• First Tuesday is completed by a 
bit of a tear-jerker, a film about 
abandoned children (on average, 
two a week in Britain). Of 
tonight's true tales, the most 
touching most surely be the cme 
about the woman who, having 

Breakers. Four raw world 
records are attempted. 

520 John Craven’s Newtround. 
5.10 Grange HflL Episode 17. 


620 News with Sue Lawleyand 
Phffip Hayton. Weather. 

625 London Plus. 

720 Tatar Addtets. The Raynish 
famoy from Swansea are 
challenged by the Montanans 
of Darlington. 

720 E e atEnders. Kathy cfecovers 
the reason tor Ian s constant 
tiredness; and Pat announces 
her plans for the future. 

820 Hancock^! Half Hour* 

lad paces the floor of his bed- 
sit grappling with the problems 
of Bertrand Russell and how to 
pud the birds, (r) 

820 Yea, Prime IfinMar. Jim 
discovers that a lately dead 
head of MI5 was spying for 
Russia and that an Internal 
Investigation, headed by Sir 
Humphrey, cleared the man of 
treachery, (r) (Ceefax) 

920 News with Jufia Somarvifle and 
Andrew Harvey. Regional 
news and weather. 

920 AH the Beat -Dave Allen. A 
compilation of some of the 
more than 1000 sketches the 
comedian recorded for his 


Chajenoe 87forthe 

America 5 * 

i Cup. The first of a 

new series of three ftms in 
which Ian Wooldridge 
examines the background and 
build-up of the bates to 
chalenga for the America's 
Cup which was won by 
Austratia throe years ago. 
1020 FBm 86 . Barry Norman reviews 
Labyrinth, ami Just Between 

1120 Idea Unfirated. WBDam 
Woodard examtoes British 
companies' su g gestion 

11.45 nwda. Joe and Rhoda decide 
they want to spend more time 

1210 Weather. 

v- r- 

Tony Hancock: he is back on tbe television screen tonight in the 
story of The Bedsitter (BBC1, 8.00pm) 

abandoned her two baby sons 40 
years ago, now haunts the farm- 
house where they were last known 
to be living. Patently, the most 
hopeless mission we watch tonight 
involves the woman who, dumped 
at an Underground station more 
than 40 years ago, still divides her 
spare time between station plat- 
form and station bookstall, a s kin g 
the questions that she still believes 
one day might establish her 

• I welcome die chance (BBC I, 
2.00pm) to be able to establish in 
my mind once and for all whether 
the first version of A Star is Born, 
made in 1937, co-staning Janet 
Gaynor and Fredric March, was 
better than, or merely as good as, 
the 1934 re-make with Judy 
Garland and James Mason. Point- 
less to bring the 1976 Barbra 
Streisand rock-era version into tbe 
argument. It was a misconceived 

BBC 2 

venture, from start to finish. 

• To soften the Now now that the 
season of repeats of Yes Prime 
Minister has ended (BBC1, 
8.30pm), a new season of 
Hancock’s Half Hour begins to- 
night (BBCl, 8.00pm). The co- 
median carries the entire weight of 
The Bedsitter on his own two 
shoulders, and, in those cariy days 
of his fhme, they were broad 
enough to take it, 

• Scottish Drama Week on Radio 
4 has so tor produced some fine 
listening, and Robert Forrest’s 
Inst Night (3.00pm) keeps up the 
good work. Whether the durao 
ten; really are experiencing the eye 

of Armageddon, or whether this is 

the dawn of self-knowledge for 
them, is a question the writer 
tantalizingly leaves open. Both 
options are superbly jxplared. 

Peter Davalle 

From mine to bolfer’s pantry: James Jolley tells his story on ITV, 

920 Ghartmr.TNs week’s ecHtton of 
the magazine programme for 
Asian women Includes an Hem 
on alternative mecSdne. 

925 Ceofax. 

925 Daytime on Two: teenagers 
cover a soap-box derby for 
Austrian raato 1215 The story 
of a girl who befriends a 
badoer 1028 Science: Infra- 

red Hght and ultrasonic sound 
1120 Why wearing different 
dothes makes you feed 
different 11.17 Living in the 
tundra region. 

1120 Wondermaths- programme 10 
1127 Mathematical 
Investigations: patterns and 
tone graphs 1218 Maths 
counts 1240 The art of 
pofitical lobbykxi 125 
TWeJoumal T23E 
drama serial starring 
Dritrey and Wayne < 

200 You and Ms. (r) 

215 Parent Programme. Education 
options for deaf children. 

220 Songs of Praise from the 
parish church of St John the 
Baptist, Cirencester, (r) 

325 Newsright Afternoon. The first 
of a new series presented by 
Nick Clarke, Includes live 
coverage from both Houses of 
Parliament. 325 Regional 
news and weather. 

420 Pamela Armstrong. Musk: and 
chat show. 

420 Floyd on FWi. Keith Floyd is in 
Comwafi where he makes an 
inexpensive bouiUabaissa and 
visits an oyster farm, (r) 

520 Doreeday Detectives. A repeat 
of the programme shown on 

520 Tomorrow's World. Last 
Thursday's edition which 
included an item on the 
Domesday laser disc. 

620 No Lknfta. Rock music 

magazine presented by Jenny 
Powell ana Tony Baker. 

620 Wide Games, by LesBe 
Stewart A play about an 
unemployed teenager who 
decides to stay away from 
home after attending an Amfy ' 
survival course, (r) 

720 Under Safi. The majestic 
Thames Sating Barges, (r) 

725 Cricket Second Test 

Highlights of the fourth day's 


My Music. Lighthearted 
musical quiz gams presented 

S ' Steve Race. With Frank 
uir, Ian Wallace, Denis 
Nor den, and John Amis. 

820 FOod end Drink includes a fast 
food assessment; low-fat 
mince pies; low alcohol beers; 
and what is really wrong with 
our dets. 

920 Ffeis Bobby Deerfield (1977) 
starring Al Pacino and Marthe 
Keller. A love story between a 
racing driver and an exuberant 
art he meets to a Swiss dine. 

He becomes concerned about 
her flirts of fancy and with the 
risks she takes. Directed by 
Sydney Poteck. 

1120 ItewsnigMinchMtes a report 
from Mck Clark on Bhopal, two 


years on 


6.15 TV-em: Good Morning Britain 
presented by Anne Diamond 
and Geoff Meads. News with 
David Foster at 620, 720, 

720, 820, 820 and 920; 
financial news at 625; sport at 
&40 and 720; exercises at 
t 625 and 9.17; cartoon at 725; 
pop music at 725; and Jeni 
Barnett’s postbag at 825. The 
After Nine guests indude 
consumer expert Jan Walsh. 

925 Thames news headfeies. 

920 The Terms Ahead: 

encouraging chikhan to write 
946 People and groups 1021 
Science: density 1022 Being 
happy 1028 Animals inaction. 

1120 A Wider Summer. The story of 
a holiday at a 
1125 Wattoo Wattoo. 

12.00 Tfefde on the Turner) 12.10 
Rainbow (r) 1220 The 
Suffivans. Drama serial about 
an Australian family in the 

120 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin indudes the second of 
the week's investigation into 
Aids 120 Thames news 
presented by Robin Houston. 
120 Sorreti and Son. Work at 
the Pefican Hotel has become 
happier and more secure tor 
Stephen Sorrell, but his son Kit 
is having a (fifficutttime in Ms 
academic pursuits and with the 
two women who need his love. 

220 Sj^ef^arah Kennedy 
chairs a studio discussion on 
why so taw women make it to 
the top Jobs. With Nicholas 
. Falrbakn MP, and Yve 
Newbokl, Comt 
of the Hanson Trust 

320 Three LBtie Words. Nurses 
test their word skil 325 
Thames news heed Ones 320 
The Young Doctors. Medical 
drama serial set in a large 
Australian city hospft&L 

420 The Giddy Oame Show 4.10 
The Teiebugs 420 CJtB. 
Drama serial 425 Splash. 
Including flash toys for __ . ... 
Christmas; and a film on roller 
disco games. 

5.15 Blockbusters. General 
■ knowledge game tor 
teenagers, presented by Bob 

5j 45 News with Atastair Stewart 
620 Thames news. 

625 Reporting London. Undsay 
Charlton Investigates the- 
masons why the families of 
four, servicemen kWet in the 
Falldands by a missfle fired 
from HMS Cardiff were not told 
the facts about the deaths for 
four years. 

720 Enunerdale Farm. Phil and 
Sandie are outstaying their 
welcome at Joe's. 

720 George and Mildred. Mildred . 
learns of a cheap holiday. The 
only snag is that ft means 

^urty^^C^m^h^been a 
Labour voter atims adult life. 

820 DeaO’ftonnor Tonight Live. 
The Quests are AH McGraw. 

Roy Castle, Chas 'n' Dave, 
Richcrd Digance. and, via 
satellite, Bob Hope. 


Starring Tom WRkinson, 

Jeremy Quid. James Faulkner 
and David Robb. (Oracle) • 
1020 News at Ten with Alastas 
Burnet and Carol Barnes. 
Weather followed by Thames 
news headKnes. 

1020 First Tuesday. Abandoned 
Babies examines the motives 
and the emotions of toothers 
who abandon their children, 
and Bains Anderson, found 44 
years ago on the platform of St 
John's Wood underground 
station, explains what it is Ska 
to be an unwanted child; Your 
Champagne, Sir follows John 
Burnell, a recruiting agent for a 
domestic agency, as he 
searches for potential butlers 
and nannies among the north's 

1120 Hammer House of Horrors 
CharBe Boy. Six people face 
death when a curse is put on 
— them by tf» owner- of acentral 
African fetish, (r) 

1225 Night Thoughts. 

Michael Maloney and Jack Beatall as father and sob in Wbat if It’s 
Rahring? (Channel 4, 9.00pm) 


225 FBm: False ParacBse* (1946) 
starring William Boyd and Andy 

western m which tbe hero 
comes to the aid of a professor 
and Ms daughter who have 
been swindled by an 
unscrupulous tend dealer who 
sold them a piece of worthless 
land for a cattle ranch. Directed 
by George Archainbaud. 

325 Years Ahead. Magazine - 
programme for the older 

viewer, presented by Robert ' 
DougaH. This edition Includes a 
look at how groups-or 
individuals with a campaign 
can gain the attention of the 
media; J arrow March veterans 
recall the event and Zena 
Skinner continues with her first 
aid course. 

420 Countdown. The reigning 

words and numbers champion 
is chaBenged by Keith ' 
Burgtiss-aements from 
Bamehurst in Kent 

520 Bewitched. Tabatha is upset 
by her feuding grandmothers 
and turns herself into a cookie. 

520 As Good As New. Mike Smith 
with advice on what to look for 
m a pre-auction viewing; and 
than begins to renovate a chair 
and a table, (r) (Oracle) 

620 Remington Steele. Holt and 
Steele investigate skullduggery 
on the set of a television 
' commercial. 

625 Murun Bucfntansangur. 
Cartoon about on odious 
creature that fives in a crack in 
a kitchen wafl. 

720 Channel 4 News with Peter 

720 Comment With Ns views on a 
topical subject is Michael Ball, 
a lecturer in economics. 


820 BrooksUe. Harry blames 

himself for the premature birth 
* of his grand-daughter; Charlie 
and Heather quarrel over who 
is to Marne for Nick's 
disappearance; and AnnabeBe 
is desperate to prove that it 

was not her food that poisonetT 

the lunch guests. 

820 4 What Itfe Worth Introduced 
by Penny Junor. John 
Stoneborough Investigates the 
cofiapse of a fraudulent 
insurance company; there is an 
item on New York's 
8 hopehofics; and Davki 
Stafford discovers the best 
buys 'm ooffee machines. 

920 What If It's Raining?, by 
Anthony MlgeHa. A repeat of 
the drama, first shown in three 
parts in July, about the break- 
up of a marriage, its aftermath, 
the recriminations, and the 
battles for the baby they both 
adore. Starring Michael 
Maloney and Deborah Findlay. 

1125 Soap. Mary informs a stunned 
Jessica that Danny's real 
father Is Chester and that 
Chester, as a blood relative, 
will be donating a kidney to 

12.15 Their Lordships* Muse. 

Highlights of tee day's debates 
in the House of Lords. 


DBpI WALES: 5b35pm-8JW Wales To- 

1 day, Computer ChaAonga. 

030-1020 Wteti Sports Personalty ol 

Year. 1020-11.10 CftaBsrno "87 Rathe 
America's Cuo. 11.10-1 1 « Waas UnBrntt- 
ed. Ii^s-izaiam AB The Bast - Dave Alton. 
12.05-12^8 Rm 86. 1235 Nows 8iKI 
weather. SCOTLAND; IXaflam-ll-M 




aures of tha BurroO. 11JO-1140 Hkn 'BO 
1140-1Z15am ideas UnSmtted. 12.15- 
S35pm-5.40 Tooay ' s Soon. 040-000 hv 
side Ulster. 035-7.00 MaMeri®am. IZIOan- 
12.15 NOWS and weather. ENK3LAND: 
S. 35 pm- 7.00 Reponal news magazine. 

BBC2 WALE & a30am-O55^ 

• Mastansam. 055-000 intarvaL 

Ends at 

1220 . 

SCOTLAND: UOpm-OOO ProSbelfl. 

wok's Way T2J0pm-1 JO Gattog On 1 JO' 

1 JO News 5 . 1 frO* 5 EmmerdNe'FannOOO 
About Angfia 035 Crossroads 7.00-7 JO 
Bygones 11 JO Murder, She Wrote 12J3am 
Tuesday Topic, Ctosedown 



footte 11 JOTates from the Darkside 12J0 

CEMTBAk tfKMaBLnroore 

Exposure* 12J0pn-1 JO Gardening 1 nme 
ijfrl JO News OOO Crossroads 0J5-7J0 

News 11 JO Sweeney l2J0smJobflnder 
1 JO Closedown. 


11 J5 Connections 11 A-12J0 Granada 
Reports 1 JO- IJOpm Granada Reports 3J0- 
O 00 Sons and Daughters OOO Granada 
Reports 025 Tlrta is Your Right 030-7 M 
Crossroads 11 JO Man in a Suitcase 
12J0am Closedown. 


11.1O-12J0 Fafl Guy 1 J0po»-1 JO News 
OOO News 03S-7 JO Crosoroads 1 1 JO Word 
hvo Image 12 J 0 M Closedown. 

UTV Uf&l pe As HTV West except 
HIV WAira ioJSotn -11 JO Looking 
Forward 6J0pm-6J5Wdesffl Six. 

TCUf As London except: HJOam- 
12 J 0 FOnc Double Exposure* 
12 J 0 pm- 1 JO Gedkn On 1 JO -1 JO News 
3J04J0 Sons and Daughters 015 Gua 
Honeytxji O20-&A5 Crossroads OOO To- 
day South West 025 Televiews BJO Tuesday 
Vww 7JO-7J0 Who's The Boss? 11 JO 
Postscrip t 11 J5 Falcon Crest 12J1aaa 

•nie as London except 1 l.15em-l2J0 
i-SS aenana SpBa i2J0pm-l JO Gettkig 
On 1 JO News 1 JO Acttonl 1 J6-2J0 
Country Piactfca 3.00- 3J0 QubsOots 5.15- 
045 Sons and Daughtsrs 6J0 Coast to 
Coast 6J5 Polce 5 035-7 JO Crossroeds 
11 J 0 Crazy Lika a FoalSJOam Compa- 
ny. Ctosedown. . 

TYNE TEES As London except: 

I T WE. .icco ii.pikaa. 1 ZJ 0 Natrae of 

Things UOpm News 1 JS-1 JO 
Lookanxmd BJO Northern Life BJ5-7 JO 
Crossroads 11 JO Royal AromiOre 
12.15am Preparing to Ceietarate Christmas. 

Ill QTER As London except: 
ULOIcn 1050am Cartoon 11 JO UtMe 
House on the Pratoe 11 J50-12J0 Roger 
etyles of the Rich and Famous OOO Good 
Evening Ulster 025 Diary Dated 035-7.00 
Crossroads 1 1 JO Gurmase Book al 
Records 12J5em News, Ctosaxtowa 


11 J0-12J0 Cara Beam 12 J 0 pm -11 
LwchUme Lira 1JO-1 JO News 3JO-4JO 
Country Practice OOO Cotondar OSS-7J® 
Crossroads 11 JO Doors are Open l2J0am- 
OOO Music Box. 

can Starts 11.10am Schools' Pro- 
- - grammes 1130 Interval 11J5 ram: 
Ctony Brown* 1J5 Their Lordships’ House 
ZM Countdown 2J0 tosh Angle 3J0 Heart of 
the Oman 4J0 FTelsbaiam 4.15 Rebecca 
020 ftatoc SJO Benritchur 5J0 Bastotboi 
OOO Traastae Hurt 7 JO NewydtSon SaOh 
7 JO Cafn Qwtad BJO Remington Steele SJO 
Bowen A'l Bar.«r gjfl A/wySkflon Ffyrdd 
1020 5k» Stored 1035 Change at Mind 11 J5 
GocTb Chosen Caromk IZJSnei Ctosedown. 

and Ol itett 

f »f la Wra- 

- a xtnaafcv. 

•os; have* 

a— . . . CafiL 

wili W* 








FEW PLACES in Spain are as hot as Mantilla. 

Yet in the cool cathedral-like atmosphere 
of the bodegas, a variety of delicate wines 

are produced. 

The pale straw-coloured , natural 
fmos and light-golden medium wines are 
both particularly enjoyable when served * 

Then there are the sweeter . ; 

creamier styles. These can be 
pale or dark and are excellent 

accompaniments to desserts. 




MF (medium wove). 
VHF (see below) 
News on the tauf-hc 

itU 820 pm 
Irian John 

Stereo on 

'-hour from 

then at 1000 

News on the 
SJOam until 

and 1220 

520am Adrian John 720 MB® 
Smith's Breakfast Show 920 
Simon Bates 1220 Newsbeet . 
[Frank Partridge) 12M toy Davie® 
is week’s Top 40 singles) 

Steve Wright 520 

; (new Top 40 ■ 
jona 1000-12.00 


PeeL VHF fereo Rattios 1 A 2: 
ajOOamAe Radio 2.1000pm 
As Rado 1. 1220-420em As Radk) 
2 . 

News on the how. Haatfi toes 
520am. 620m 720, 820. Cricket 

Second Test Hmxxts at 
4.02am, 522. SJ02,7JJ7, 827, 922, 
1002, 1122 and 322am 
420em Gafin Berry 520 Ray 
Moore 720 Derek Jameson 920 
Ken Bruce 1120 Jimmy Ybung _ 
1.05pm David Jacobs 220 Glona 
Hunniford 320 David Hairitan 
5.05 John Durai 720 Bob Holness 

920 The Band. Angela 
Rfppon on tee lives of members 
of the Royal Marins Band 1020 
The Name's tee Game 1020 
Listen to Las (Lbs Dawson) 11.00 
Brian Matthew 120«nChffl1es 

Now 320-420 A Utile Night Music 


Reflections 815 Plante In our Past 820 

After Berts 800 News 809 Review of 

Britteh Prase 815 World Today 220 

Rnsndal News MO Look Mraad US 
Sounds or the Sbcties ttLDO Nsm 10UM 
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News 110 8 News About Britain 11.15 

A Letter from Saflterd 

MtUlORedto Newsreel 12.15 

w*1 1245 Sports Round* 1J0 

BB1J9 Twenty-tour Haute L» Nm- 

wark UK 1^5 Recording ot weak 201 

Outlook 245 Muetc Of Weber 3J0 Redo 

Newsreel 115 A JU& QOQfl [STOW 4J0 

News 429 Comraentery 415 Omrdbus 

445 World Today MO NewsS29 A Letter 

from Soottandhrtll MQ 828Nma tM 

Twentefttr Hours 830 Omnirus MO 

Nme i t Street Ufa 

8.15 (nterradonal Redtal 1020 Haws 

1029 world Today HUB A Letter Fran 
Scotland ttJO ftandai New HMD 

Reflections 1045 Sports Roundup 1120 

Nows 1L09 Commentary 1 1.15 In the 

Modem World 11J0 Not Shakespasres 

"leer ILSO (apax) Phantom of Mar- 

saves 1200 News IZJB Nw* About 
Britain 1215 Radto Newsreel 1230 
Omnibus 128 News 121 Oubook 1J0 
men on Reiflion .145 . Country _Styia 
200 New* 209 Review Of BlWUiPrag 

215 Qreot Orranlsw PteyBaeh 230 The 

Betrothed silo News 3J9 News About 

Britain 815 wond Today SJO Dfscorara 

400 Newedwlt 430 Sb asrUte jJp Book 

Choice (until 445} 54S World Today. AO 

time id GMT. 



IMp r t r. 

Hum i 

525am Ntertiura wave only: Test 
Match. Australia v 
Engtand. In Perth. Unifl 

625am VHR Weather. 720 

725 Concert Scarfatti 
{Sonata In E.Kk 381: 
Rrtnock. harpsichord), 
Perotin (Vktennt omnes 
Early Music Consort of 
London, and solo 
singers). Handel (Wafer 
Music, Suite No 1 in R 

l News 

826 Concert (continued): 
Chausson (Piano Trio in 
G miner, Op 3: Beaux Arts 


920 News 

926 This Week's Composers: 
At the Court of Dreeden. 
Recon fir ms of works by 
Zelenk&Hasse, Weiss, 
Lotti. Including Zelonka's 
Weiss's Suite in A minor, 

1025 Flrench Oboe Music; 

Robin Canter (oboe), 

Um Henrfry (piano). Saint- 

Seans (Sonata In D 
major, Op 166 ).Grovtez 

Bernard Heptira: on Sadia 

and Prelude a Tapres 
mUl rfui faune). and Ravel 
letCHoe: Suite 

London SinfoniBttBpiay 
Schoenberg's Three fittie 
pieces for rtrambar 
orchestra, and Berlin PO 

11 JS Bridge and Britterc 
Moray Wbbh (caflo), 

Roger vtanotesipteim). 
Bridge (Ctfo Sonata). 
Britten (Cefio Sonata hC, 
Op 65) 

12.15 Concert BBC 

Philharmonic (under 
Edward Downes). Part one. 
Walton (Scaplno 
overture). Jrfim Veale (Woftt 
Concerto). 120 News 
125 Concert (ODfAtoed): 

Brawns (Symphony No 

1.45 ^jltsrEnccsiBs: Hubert 


Cantos, Op 23), Barrios 
(Vais da la primavera. end 
Choro da Saudade). and 
Salks (Prelude: MMmsI 

2.15 Wmtareissa: David Owen 
Norris (piano) plays 
Uszfs transcription of 

320 Berth Phiii 

uder Herbert von 

.Debussy (La mar, 

3^ Mozart and Bartok: 

Alban Beta Quartet play 
Mozart’s Quartet in F.K 590, 
and Bartok's Quartet No 
5. 455 News 
520 Mainly for Pleasure; 

Natalie Wh Ben presents 
recorded music 
620 A Greek Renaissance 
Composer The StxtBen 
perform a selection of 
motets written by the 
10 th century composer 
Francdsco Londteiti 
725 Al First Light London 
SWontetta ptay George 
Benjamin's work 
720 Six mires at the Base 
of a Crucifixion: play by 
Martin Cru * 

Smith, Geoffrey Mhatthews, 
George Parsons, Mark 
Straker and Elaine Ctaxton 
820 Beethoven's Missa 
Sotemnis: BBC Welsh 
SO (under Sir Cofln 
PotyphoMc Chdr/BBC 
Wrash Chorus, and 
solobts Margset Price,' 
Alfreds Horfoson, Keith 
Lewis, and Staffcxd Dean 

10.15 PMBrHftptew recital. 



10l 55 Music for Strife and 
Sorrow: battie music and 
laments from Scottish Gaelic 


11.15 Lindsay Quartet; 
Beethoven’s Quartet in A 
minor. Op 132 

1127 News 1220 Close 

LF (torra wave) (s) Stereo on VHF 
5 25 atiwting. 6.00 News Briefing; 
Weather 2.10 Fanning. 

626 Prayer (s) 

620 Today Ind 620, 720, 

820 News. 845 
Business News. 625. 726 
Weather. 720, 8JOO 
News. 725, 625 Sport 725 
Thought tor lhe Day. 825 
Yesterday in ParfamenL 
827 Weather; Travel 
920 News 

925 C8fl Nit* Roe* 01-580 
4411 [new series] A 
chance to speak to experts 
and pofioy-rnakers about 
current concerns 
'1020 From Our Own 

Correspondent Life and 

: foreign 

1020 M 


Morning Story: Has a 
Rums By Kate Grofin 
1845 Daly Service (s) 

1120 News; Travel; Scottish 
Drama. Three Score and 
Ten, Sir by Jessie Kesson 
1123 Titt»s Remembwed. Ian 
Skidmore i&Ks to Audrey 
Brown, once a street urchin, 
now a Salvation Army ' 

1220 Nows; You and Yours. 

Consumer advice 
1227 My Music. 1225 
Weather. Travel 

100 The Worid At One: News 
1.40 The Archers. 125 
SWppteg Fbrecast 
220 News; Woman's Hour 
with Sue MacGregor 
320 News; Scottish Drama. 

Last Night by Robert 
420 News 

425 The Cross They Bear. 

Prone of the St John 
Ambulance Brigade, which is 
100 years old 

420 Kaleidoscope. Another 
chance to hear last 

Philip Larkin: R4, 830pm 
920 InTomh.Thsweefdy 


night's edition (4) 
PM News 

520 PM News Magazine. 520 
Shipping. &s£ Weather 

620 News; Financial Report 
620 Top of tee Form. Fmal of 

questionmastera are Tim 
Gudgte and Paddy FBeney 
720 News 
7.05 The Archers 
720 File on 4. Stuart Simon is 
the reporter 

820 Medicine Now. Geoff 
' watte on tee health of 
medical care. 

820 The Tuesday Feature: 

the poet has a 
reputation as a redusa. 

Friends and coBeagues 
tell a different tale about him. 


Aspects of London. Life 
to the capital as depicted 
in letters and diaries of the 

period. Written, and 
presented, by Sean Street 
Readers: June Barry and 
Peter Jeffrey 

945 Kaleidoscope. Tonight's 
edition includes comment 
on WOundlngs at tee Royal 
Exchange in Manchester 

the new fBm Kangaroo; and 
exhibitions in 
tomorrow at 4.45pm) 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime. A 
House for Mr Biswas by 

V S NaipauL (final episode) 
read by Garard Green 
1029 weather, 
mao The Worid Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1120 Today in Parliament 
1220 News; Weather. 

VHF (available in England and 
S Wales only) as above 

Weather; Travel 120- 
1220 For Schools: 1120 
Time and Time (s) 1120 
Time to More 1140 Radio 
Club. 125-320pm For 
Schools: 125 Listening 
corner (s) 2.05 History 

continued. 1220 - 1 . 10 em 
Schools Night-Time 

Broadcasting (s) Theatre 
History - Background to 
Elizabeth Theatre 1220 
On Shakeaeare's stage 
1220 TheGlobe and 
other worlds. 




Hist published in 1785 

★ + ***■* 


Rugby leader calls 
for action after 

violence erupts 

Six sendings-off in one 
match, along with two more in 
another in which a player 
suffered a fractured jaw: these 
were the worst two incidents 
in a another weekend that has 
brought little credit to Welsh 
Rugby football. 

David Johnson, the chair- 
man of the Welsh disciplinary 
committee, maintains, how- 
ever, that he is “not worried” 
by current allegations of 
increasing violence in the 
Welsh -game- “On the con- 
trary, figures I am presenting 
to the General Committee on 
Thursday prove there is less 
violence rather than more,” he 
said. He maintained that 
matches between September 1 
and November 16 bad seen 
tbe numbers of sendings-off 
drop “way down” compared 
with the figures for the corres- 
ponding period in the last 
three years, and that last year's 
total figure of 210 dismissals 
was 31 fewer than the pre- 
vious season. *Tm very 
pleased about it” he added. 

However, not every Welsh 
official was so sanguine. Supt 
Rod Morgan, of South Wales 
Police and the chairman of the 
Welsh selectors called on 
clubs to “take a stronger line” 
in disciplining players who 
resort to violence. He stressed 
that some elute, including his 
own, had already done so, to 
the extent recently of increas- 
ing the punishment already 
meted out by the Welsh Rugby 
Union. “The game must get 
itself in order so that the 

By Past Martin 
recent trend for individuals to 
resort to tbe courts is made 

A former police constable, 
Paul Johnson, is presently 
serving six months in jail for 
biting off an opponent’s ear; 
David Bishop, the Welsh 
international, had his jail sen- 
tence overturned but his dub 
have suspended him for a 

Saturday's incidents at 
Llangwm, who were playing 
Cardigan, saw three players on 
each side sent off by referee 
Brian Davies of Swansea, 
secretary of the Welsh 
Referees' Society. As usual, 
the clubs involved feel an 

More rugby, page 38 

injustice was done. “We’ve 
seen a lot worse behaviour 
without anyone being sent 
off," Raymond Thomas, 
Cardigan’s chairman, said. 

“First a Uangwm boy was 
sent off for a high tackle or 
something, and then the ref 
just kept on doing it. There 
was nothing blatant like head 
butting. Our three boys 1 know 
personally — they don’t go out 
looking for trouble. The last 
two, one from each side, were 
just wrestling on tbe floor. 
These things happen every 
Saturday,” he continued. 

“There’s too much inconsis- 
tency in refereeing,” Thomas 
added- The Welsh disciplinary 
committee. Thomas main- 
tained. “just take the referee’s 
word as law. We will write a 

letter this time giving our side 
of it — but I don't suppose it 
will do any good”. 

Under the Welsh disci- 
plinary system sides which 
have had four players sent off 
incur a £30 fine, and face a 
two-week suspension for any 
further infringement. A player 
sent off four times in bis 
senior career is now banned 

“It’s a product of increased 
pressure,” Desmond Barnett, 
the Welsh Rugby Union presi- 
dent, said. “Now we have 
organized leagues at district 
levels which until this decade 
had been playing friendly 

He acknowledged that there 
had been an increase in “off- 
ihe-ball” thuggery, often 
deliberately timed to avoid 
the referee’s eye. He regretted 
a recent trend for players 
facing suspensions to employ 
lawyers — one, Chris Jones of 
Treochy, is appealing aga ins t 

his second indefinite ban, with 

the aid of two barristers. 

Not even the referee is 
immune from retribution. 
Vince Donagh, a deputy head- 
master, had his arm shattered 
in five places in one incident. 
“Even in Welsh rugby it’s 
unusual for the referee to be 
hit in this way.” Barnett said. 
There are some players who 
just cannot control them- 
selves. Clubs know exactly 
who their problem players are 
— they should have the hon- 
esty not to keep picking 

take to 

By Sue Mott 

These Australian al- 
batrosses grow 

Testing the water Richard Fox, Britain's world slalom champion, on die Hew canoeing coarse at the national water sprats 
centre at Holme Pterrepont. Nottingham (Photograph: Rob Rathbone). Report, page 37 



Testing time for 
challengers 9 keels 

Core samples have been 
taken from the keels of the 
leading challengers in the 
America's Cup trials. It is 
believed to be the first time 
that keel composition has 
been scientifically tested, al- 
though at Newport in 1983 the 
attention given to keels, 
winged and otherwise, meant 
that the standard process of 
weighing and measuring en- 
sured compliance with die 

Deed of Gi 

White Crusader has had her 
22-tonne lead-bronze winged 
keel tested by the official 
measurement team. The other 
yachts examined were New 
Zealand, America n, Stars and 
Stripes, French Kiss, and 

Last month a major row 
erupted when Dennis Conner, 
skipper of Stars and Stripes, 
wanted to have the New 
Zealand glassfibre yacht 
drilled and core-tested to 
check that its hull construc- 
tion was legitimate. That 
move was defeated, but the 

From Keith Wheatley, Perth 

current procedure steins from 
that incident 

Yacht Club Costa 
Smeralda, who are the Chal- 
lenger of Record and organize 
the elimination series, asked 
the official cup measurer, Ken 
McAIpine, of Sydney, to drill 
and check keels. Regulations 
state that no material denser 
than lead may be used for the 

In 1974 Leonard Greene, 
owner of the now-scratched 
yacht Courageous, proposed 
building a keel of spent ura- 
nium. Being far denser than 
lead it would have given 
considerable weight-for-size 
advantages. However, even a 
decade ago tbe New York 
Yacht Cub could see that the 
America's Cup had enough of 
a public image problem with- 
out the boats sailing atop 
spent nuclear rubbish. 

The samples will be an- 
alysed by technicians at tbe 
West Australian Institute of 

Final trials series, page 37 


off Lopez 

Clawing back a lost following 

to. a terrible 

size, and the one that plagued 
John SiddJecombe's attempt 
to race around the world in a 
yacht was the monster of them 
alL After months of mishaps, 
maydays, hospitalization and 
prangs, the Aussie yachtsman 
has finally admitted defeat 
and withdrawn from the BOC 
Round (he World race. His 
catalogue of disasters would 
leave any mariner feeling an- 

It began on tire gpalifymg 
leg, this epic of calamity, when 
barely out of Sydney harbour 
Blddlecombe, a former 
stuntman, smashed his 
wooden yacht, AC1 Crusader, 
into a Tongan reef and felt it 
turn to matchwood beneath his 
qnivermg deck shoes. 

Helpful Tong 
rescued anything 
like radios, electrical gear and 
pyjamas, but inadvertently 
took them home never to be 
seen again. So with time 
naming oat for the August 
race start this year, 
Biddlecombe, aged 42, had to 
start from scratch grasping the 
insurance payout and fleeing 
to France to build Crusader H. 
Al uminium, he thought this 
time. Wood had turned oat to 
be rather brittle. 

Meanwhile other madcap 
adventurers woe massing in 
Newport, Rhode Island, for 
Che start of the race, the 
second in maritime history 
which only asked of its 25 
competitors that they sailed 
27,000 miles of ocean single- 
handedly stopping at Cape 
Town, Sydney ami Rw to 
check tint brains and boats 
were still operationaL 

By Stuart Jones 
Football Correspondent 


£ 2,000 
to £4,510 

February 198 5. 

Anyone who invested £2,000 in Commercial Union’s 
Prime Life Managed Fund at its launch in February 1985 has 
increased his investment by November 1986 to £4,510. No 
less than 125.5% increase, net of all charges. Tax-free to 
basic rate tax-payers. And he could have cashed in his 
bolding at any time. 

The value of units can of course go down in the 
same way as they can go up, and past performance is not 
necessarily a guide to the future. At each anniversary since 
its start in February 1985, it has been Britain's most 
successful Insurance Company Managed Fund and 
continues to be one of the best performers. 

If you have £2,000 or more to invest and would like to 
know about this opportunity to invest in the Fund through a 
Prime Investment Bond, just fill in the coupon, or phone 
Allan Ball on 01 -285 7500 fext 8852 1. 

A leaflet with details will be sent to you completely 
free. It involves no obligation . 

It doesn't even cost you a stamp. 

CU Prime 
Investment Bond 


To: Commercial l.'nion Assuralirp 
FR EtPCIST. Blackhoisc Road. London SL8 5BP 
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about the Ct* Prime Investment Bond. 

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Forenames - 


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CU Life is for living. 

From John Hennessy 
La Manga 

Had it not been for the feet 
that the PGA qualifying tour- 
nament at the La Manga Club 
is derided over six rounds, 
there would have been a 
tendency to regard it as a 
competition for second place 
for much of yesterday. 

Certainly Steen Tinning, a 
24-year-old Dane, is setting a 
blistering pace, for there was 
no immediate sign of a re- 
action to his 61 on the North 
course on Sunday, which was 
10 under par and four under 
the course record. He then had , 
a second round of 69 over the 
South course to stand a [ 
remarkable 13 under par. 

As tbe sun died, however, a 
worthy challenger appeared 
on the other half of the course 
in Jesus Lopez, of Spain. 
Starting at the tenth, he came 
in with a 66 for a total of 133, 
three shots behind Stenning. 
Nobody else is within seven 
shots of the leader. 

A Danish blemish at last 
appeared at tbe sixth hole 
yesterday, but a shot dropped 
there was more than made 
good elsewhere. He bad al- 
ready chipped expertly over a 
bunker for a four at the long 
third, and holed from 18 yards 
at the next Thus he was one 
under for tbe day, and another 
long putt, all of 10 yards, sent 
him on his triumphant way 
from the tenth. 

Football is regaining its public appeal. 
A survey of League attendances so fer 
this season reveals that the overall 
figure has risen by 1.63 per cent Only 
the crowds in the third division show a 
decrease, of almost 10 per cent, com- 
pared to the corresponding gates at this 
stage last season. 

Two clubs, Wimbledon and Plym- 
outh Aigyle, have benefited from 
promotion to such an extent that they 
have more than doubled their aggregate 
over the opening three months. North- 
ampton Town, the clear leaders of the 
fourth division, who have won all eight 
of their home games, share the same 

Chariton Athletic, tbe first lodgers to 
share a ground, also show a healthy 
increase. Yet their attendances remain 
relatively small. More people (over 
86,000) have preferred to stay away 
from Manchester United's stadium, for 
instance, than have gathered to watch 
Chariton in their new home at Selhurst 
Park (fewer than 68,000). 

Luton Town, the first to ban away 
supporters, have suffered for their 
principles. No League attendance at 
Kenilworth Road has yet been as high 
asfor the corresponding fixture last 
season and their total Iras dropped by 
almost five per cent But they, and other 
dubs showing a loss, are encouragingly 
in tbe minority. 

The reduction of hooliganism, an 
open championship race and the emer- 
gence of attractive sides are contribu- 
tory factors but one player could 


Games This 

Arsenal 8 

Aston Villa — 9 

Charlton B 

Chelsea 8 

Coventry 8 

Everton 8 

Leicester 9 

Liverpool 9 

Luton 9 

Man City 9 

Man United — 8 
Newcastle 9 

Norwich 9 

NottmF 8 

Oxford - — 8 

OPR 9 

SheffWed 8 

Southampton . 9 

Tottenham 9 

Watford 8 
























in % 
184,046 +34.85 
131,582 +13.68 
40,284 +6820 
184,403 -3436 
100398 +3.45 
240.051 +5.72 

92.676 +26.24 
290,378 -+13.14 
94598 -4-37 

245,968 -20.03 
405,972 -21-34 
214.315 -228 

115,875 +36.74 
137245 +1725 
86.702 -2.00 

128251 +8.10 
202.475 -626 

132.676 +11.49 
205.919 +1028 
120,062 *828 
138.996 +32.14 

West Ham 8 
Wimbledon 9 
TOP SIX INCREASES: 1, Wimbledon <9 
matches). +150.15%; 2, Plymouth (9), 
+131.08%; 3. Northampton (ffl. +12021%; 4. 
Cambridge (9), +68.63%; X Charlton (8), 
+6820%; 6, Middlesbrough (9), +64.37%. 

TOP SIX DECREASES: 1, Birmingham (8 
matches), -38.69%; 2. MBwafl (9). -35.41%; 3, 
Chelsea (8L -3426%; 4, Portsmouth (8), 
-34.00%; 5, Chesterfield (9), -31 .71%; 6, Fulham 
(9), *30.53%. 

vision, + 121 %; second division, +620%; third 
dhrision. -928%: fourth division, +1126%. 

justifiably claim to be individually most 

He is Lineker, the scorer of 

all but one of England's goals in the 
World Cup finals in Mexico last 

Tbe peak season for attendances was 
1949 when over 41 million spectators 
watched 1843 League games. Although 
the total number of matches was within 
two years enlarged by 60, the crowds 
began to dwindle. Tbe graph depicting 
the decline over lira subsequent 36 years 

has not always sloped steadily 

The gradient was steep for almost a 
decade but, in 1958, the year in which 
all four home countries were seen 
performing together on the global stage 
for the first and only time, the aggregate 
attendance went up si gnificant ly by 
some 800,000. A similar pattern has 
since emerged. 

Domestic audiences also increased 
after the World Cups of 1962 and 1974. 
Bat the biggest impact was frit, not 
surprisingly, after England’s triumph in 
1966. Over the next two seasons almost 
three million spectators were added to 
the overall figure which climbed rapidly 
back up to over 30 million. 

By the time the World Cup was staged 
in Spain four years ago, the game had 
lost a third of its paying customers. By 
last summer it had lost almost another 
fifth and the predictions were being 
offered about the date on which football 
would be watched by no one at alL 

Had England lost to Poland in their j 
closing fust round tie last June, no one ] 
would have required a crystal ball to 
foresee either the manager losing his job 
or this season’s attendances falling yet 
again. But Lineker instantly lifted the 
sights of Bobby Robson’s squad and 
that of lira nation watching on 

Robson's appreciation of the interest 
that is generated by the success of the 1 
national side grew in Mexico- He is ; 
convinced that England, the favourites 
in group four of the European 
Championship qualifying competition, 
will help to fill even more terraces at 
home if they reach the finals in West | 
Germany in 1988. 

Air strike leaves 
new keel grounded 

Hunt kicks against £100 fine 

I^ADOW SCORES (British untess stated): 

13ft S TinrenarDen) 81. 69. 133: J LiApaz 

(So) 07. ram D Smith (Aus) 66, 72 A 
Stens (So) 68.70. 138: D Gflord 68, 71; A 


140s J Spence 72.68. 



GS; D Klenk (LSI 70. 71: P Men 

“ y 70, 7i; R Navarro | 

I; J Hobday (SAJ ' 

71. 70: J Bennett 7a 71: Y Housdn 

1 69. 7& W MSrte S3, 72; P Barber 7a 

1; M Moreno (Sp) 72. 69. 142 M Davis 

7S. 67; A Postpone (H) 72. 70: M Pew 71 . 



. .. _ ^ 70.72; D 

Banka (US) 71. 71. Other scorns; 147: C 

Laurence, ttfc P Hoed, j Hawkswonh. 

155: R Kaplan (SA). 

Tbe Aston Villa midfield 
player, Steve Hunt, has re- 
fused to pay a £100 fine 
assessed by Billy McNeill, the 
manager, for being booked in 
the trouble-torn Littlewoods 
Cup tie at Southampton a 
fortnight ago. 

A team colleague, Gary 
Williams, was docked a week’s 
wages — around £500 — for 
being sent off in the same 
match, with Allan Evans also 
being made to pay the price 

By a Special Correspondent 

for a booking which puts the 
Villa captain, like Hunt, just 
one disciplinary point away 
from suspension. 

Hunt, however, is adamant 
that in his case the punish- 
ment does not fit the crime. 
Though he refused to com- 
ment officially yesterday, he 
has admitted seeking the guid- 
ance of the Professional 
Footballers Association and 
being prepared to “go all the 

Hunt argues that the fine 
system at Villa Park is im- 
plemented entirely at the 
manager's discretion. 
• Ian Rush faced Liverpool’s 
chairman, John Smith, and 
m a n a ge r, Kenny Dalglish, at 
An field yesterday to dear up 
the misunderstandings over 
bis proposed £3.2 million 
transfer to Juventus (a Special 
Correspondent writes). But 
the issue was still unresolved 
when the meeting ended. 



By a Correspondent 


Yet a former England ama- 
teur international. Andrew 
Stubbs, of Leek, was the star of 
a gloriously sunny day. He 
returned 64 over the North 
course, which would have 
been a record had he achieved 
it only two days earlier, before 
Turning lived through his 
Hans Andersen fairy-tale. 

Stubbs won his player’s card 
at the La Manga Club four 
years ago at the age of 22 but 
his fortunes have steadily 
ebbed since finishing 85th in 
1983. This year be was 136 in 
tbe order of merit with a I 
meagre income of £4,25 5. 
This was almost £1,000 tool 
little to avoid having to come | 
back to schooL 

Ominously, however, he re- 
lied heavily on his putter. T oo 
heavily, one would think, for 
his peace of mind. He cannot 
expect often to hole five times 
from ditances of 15 feet or 
longer, nor to wield his putter 
only 26 tunes in all. 

David Gilford , a former 
England champion, stands on 
the same score as Stubbs, 139, 
and offers more hope for the 
future. A second round of 7l, 
one under par over the South 
course, was a characteris- 
tically steady sequel to his 68 
on the North on Sunday. 

Irish will 
give caps 

Irish players who take part 
in the Rugby Union World 
Cup next summer will be 
awarded full caps for each 
appearance in the com- 
petition. The IRFU yesterday 
made their intentions clear 
despite suggestions that tbe 
World Cup organizing 
committee mil recommend 
that countries participating 
should give their players a 
special World Cup cap. 

Ireland's two-man panel of 
referees for the World Cup 
will be David Burnett of 
Leinster, and Stephen 
Hilditch, from Ulster. They 
will be joined by Eoin Doyle, 
of Leinster, on the three-man 
panel of Irish referees for the 
forthcoming international 
championship series. Doyle 
has also been appointed to 
referee the CalacuUa Cup 
match between England and 

a decision by the FA that 
Caernarfon most foot a four- 
figure bill fora commission of 
inquiry held at their ground 

Popular club 

Membership of Essex 
County Cricket Club has 
reached a record level and the 
club may soon have to start 
turning applications away. 

The county champions have 
mbers on their books 

Beattie: player-coach 

8,954 mem 
and their secretary and general 
manager, Peter Edwards, 
warned: “Sooner or later, a 
ceiling will have to be 

third division club, 
Kongsverg. Bryan King, who 
has taken Kongsverg to 
promotion in the last two 
seasons, feels that Beattie, 
aged 32. will add experience to 
his squad. 

Rebels win 

Norway bound 

Kevin Beattie, the former 
England and Ipswich Town 
defender, has become the 
player-coach of the Norwegian 

Rough justice 

Arfbn Roberts, the chair- 
man of the FA Cup “giant- 
killers," Caernarfon Town, 
resigned last night after a 
meeting with officials of the 
Welsh FA. He was angered at 

Rodney Hogg and Terry 
Alderman were the unlikely 
batting heroes for the rebel 
Australian cricketers as they 
claimed victory on faster scor- 
ing rate over a South African' 
President’s XI in Virginia. 
The Australians had been set a 
target of 149 in 40 overs after 
rain caused delays, but a 
batting collapse brought the 
fast bowlers together with 
their team still 20 runs short. 

SCORE& SoNtb African PnakbaC* xt 
185 (SO oitfre, R M Hogg 3 for 28); 
Awnian R«b«l XI: 149 tars (39.5 owera 

S BSnWi 50J. 

Mark Dennis, the 
Southampton defender, was 
yesterday given a severe rep- 
rimand ana warned about his 
conduct as tbe Professional 
Footballers' Association 
cracked down on their mem- 
bers at the annual general 
meeting in Manchester, 

Dennis, who was sent off for 
the tenth time in his career in 
the Littlewoods Cup match 
against Aston Villa recently, 
was censured by his own 
association, who dealt with 
the case in a unique way. The 
player, already fined £500 by 
his dub, must pay a further 
£500 if he is sent off again in 
the next 12 months. 

But if this does not happen, 
the £500 will be paid to the 
Children in Need charity by 
thePFA. 7 

Total sanity and solo yacht- 
ing tend not to ride in tandem. 
But Biddlecombe, despite his 
problems, was far from 
despondent. At the start of 
August Ms new boat was just 
about ready and he sailed it 
across the Atlantic to New- 
port Although he was still 
painting the decks when the 
start gun fired at 3pm mi 
August 30, be was off with file 
rest of them. 

Three days later he was in 
hospital in Bermuda. A tumble 
through tbe forward hatch had 
deposited him rathe floor with 
such force that he incurred the 
most severe and painful of 
groin injuries. He lay fra four 
hours transfixed in agony 
while his boat floated idly in 
codes. Eventually he crawled 
to the radio and summoned 
help but not the necessary 
sanity to quit tbe race 
A few days later he set sail 
again. Not for long though. 
The yacht was too light in 
rough weather and he discov- 
ered he needed more lead in 
the fceeL So while be waited 
Bermuda, a boatyard in 
Connecticut constructed a new 
heel for him. Naturally, as 
soon as it was ready a Ber- 
mudan air strike was called 
uting aB imports except 
fresh food. Eventually the keel 
arrived disguised in a crate of 

He was off again and swim- 
ming along, it seemed. But two 
days from Cape Town, the 
albatross turned serious. A 
violent storm blew up and 
sted BWhUecombe's steer- 
ing system away. He had no 
rudder, no tiller, no batteries, 
no auto pilot his boom was 
brat in half and the boat was 
pshing water. He sent out a . 
’AN call — mayday class two 
— and a South African navy 
minesweeper was -despatched 
to tow him to Cape Town and 
disqualification from the race. 
Last communications quoted 
him as being “rather 

Brash with the law 
leads to prison 

Gordon Taylor, association 
secretary, said yesterday: 
“Mark was worried that he 
would be either suspended or 
expelled by his own fellow 
professionals. Some of his 
colleagues felt he should be 
dealt with severely but others 
were more cautious in their 
approach and we have decided 
to use this form of dealing 
with the case. 

“He has had personal prob- 
lems and can be geed up by 
opponents because his record 
now goes before him. We 
considered other steps but we 
feel he should be given the 
chance. " 

Taylor also disclosed that 
any other professional who 
steps out of line, be it for the 
first or tenth time, and the 
offence is serious enough, 
would himself be subject to 
harsh penalties. 

Clearly, and with all due 
respect, these people are net 
uonnaL Vic McBride, for in- 
stance, was in tbe first race 
four years ago and distin- 
guished himself by r unning 
aground on tbe Falkland Is- 
lands. He woke np one mom- 
and found sheep outside 
ire the waves should have 

There is also Mike Plant, 
jed 34, an American, who 
thought be would enjoy a pre- 
race practice run to the 
Azores. Barely docked, he was 
arrested for murder in a case of 
mistaken identity and then 
Interpol slapped him into a 
~~ lugoese jail on an old 
charge of alleged drug traf- 
ficking In Greece. Thanks to 
American lawyers be now lies 
seventh in the race. 

So far six of the 25 starters 
have given up yet Britain's 
hopes still fly with Harry 
Mite heB, file oldest compet- 
itor in the race at 61 . Despite a 
dice with hnrricane Earl, 
there's nothing wild about 
Harry. In fact he shows 
promising signs of sanity. ■ 
‘Am I looking forward to foe 
next two legs?” he said in 
Gape Town. “Absolutely, pos- 
itively, not. Not one io taJ” 

•<?*** i 

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