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No 62.635 




aker unfolds 
chool reform 

By John Clare, Education Correspondent 
Plans to introduce the big- for the first time that the city lechnology-orienied: 

technology colleges, whose 
formation he 

gesi changes in schools for 
more than 40 years were 
outlined yesterday by Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary of 
State for Education "and 

He said that if the Govern- 
ment wins the next election it 
will introduce an important 
Bill giving his department the 
power to lay down the essen- 
tial elements of what every 
child should learn in primary 
and secondary school. 

It would also set attainment 
targets so that teachers, par- 
ents and pupils would know 
exactly what should have been 
learnt jn each subject at the 
ages of nine. 1 1 and 14. 

Such a plan would mean the 
Government taking unprece- 
dented control over the con- 
tents of the curriculum and 
how it is taught. 

M r Baker said other changes 
in the pipeline included the 
introduction of vocational 
courses at the age of 1 1 for 
academically less able chil- 
dren. giving schools 
responsibility for their own 
budgets and, “a very im- 
portant principle", allowing 
them to recruit as many pupils 
as they '.vam to. 

Speaking on London Week- 
end Television's Weekend 
World. Mr Baker made clear 

announced at 
the Conservative Party con- 
ference in October, are to be 
regarded as prototypes for the 
entire secondary school 

They will be independent of 
local authorities and funded 
directly by the Government, 




As Oxford play 
Cambridge at 
tomorrow, we ask 
what’s gone wrong 
with sport at the two 
universities which 
once produced 
world champions 

( PM- 

© The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of £4,000 was 
won on Saturday by Mr 
J. Delorme of 
Shepton Mallet, 
Somerset Details, 
page 3. 

& There was no 
winner in the weekly 
competition so next 
Saturday's prize will be 
doubled to £16,000. 

O Portfolio list, page 
20; how to play, 
page 16. 

M&S warning 
on thefts 

Marks and Spencer, the retail 
chain, has given a warning to 
hs 56.000 employees not to 
steal, in an effort to reduce the 
estimated £50 million lost to 
ihefi every year Fag® *7 

Growth boost 

Midland Bank's dalesi forecast 
confirms the Govemrnem s 

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White Crusader, fighting for 
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Mr Baker: Power to lay 
down what pupils learn 
which has already laid down 
the proportion of the time- 
table to be devoted to each 

They will also be able to 
vary teachers' rates of pay, 
which will be introduced as a 
national principle by the 
Education Bill that is to be 
debated today in the 

Mr Baker said that future 
colleges, beyond the first 20 
which he hopes to see estab- 
lished within the next two 
years, would not have to be 


could be language schools and 
could be created from existing 

It was confirmed yesterday 
that the first of the 20 colleges 
is to be sited just east of 
Birmingham in Solihull, a 

It will take over the 
premises of Kings burst 
School, a half-empty com- 
prehensive on the edge ofa big 
council estate. Mr Robert 
Dunn. Under Secretary of 
State at the Department of 
Education and Science, is to 
inspect it tomorrow. 

Although Mr Baker baulked 
at the suggestion that his plans 
amounted to a revolution in 
the education system, he said 
it was dear that there would 
“have to be much more 
influence and direction from 
the centre". 

The system, he said, was 
“seriously flawed". That was 
why he wanted to move to a 
national curriculum and set 
detailed standards in all sub- 
jects for all ages. 

He said such a curriculum, 
which he hoped to secure with 
as much agreement as pos- 
sible. would include both sci- 
ence and the humanities and 
thus eliminate the present 
tendency to specialize too 
early, which he regarded as a 
serious weakness. 

The changes he had in mind 
could lake five to 10 years. Mr 
Baker said: “But the relation- 

Contmaed on page 16, col S 

Ryman poll threat 
to Militant choice 

By Our Political Correspondent 

A Labour MP last night 
stepped up his threat to Mr 
Neil Kinnock to force a poten- 
tially embarrassing by-elec- 
tion after his constituency 
party chose an alleged sup- 
porter of Militant Tendency to 
fight the next general election. 

Mr John Ryman, MP for 
the marginal Blyth V alley seat, 
who decided in September not 
to stand again for Parliament, 
said the weekend selection of 
Mr Ronnie Campbell, an un- 
employed miner and local 
councillor, as the party’s can- 
didate represented “an over- 
whelming victory for the 
Militant Tendency and its 
supporters in the Blyth Valley 
Labour Party”. 

He said Mr Campbell aged 
42, was well known locally for 
being a strong advocate and 
supporter of the extreme left 
and Militant and was a close 
friend and associate of Mili- 
tant's organizer in the North- 

“In the past he has told me 
he is a great admirer and 
friend of Mr Arthur Scaigil! 
and Mr Derek Hatton. It 
appears to me that the Blyth 
Valley Labour party has em- 
braced the extreme left and 
the Militant cause with a 

ening to force a by-election, at 
which he would stand as an 
anti-Mihfj-nt candidate, be- 
cause of what be regards as the 
failure of Labour's national 
officers to carry out a proper 
inquiry into allegations of 
physical intimidation of cons- 
tituency delegates, fraudulent 
membership lists and other 

“Many of my constituents, 
who are ordinary Labour 
party members, are becoming 
utterly exasperated by the 
continuing incompetence, in- 
efficiency and feebleness of 
Labour officials in establish- 

Continued on page 16, col 1 

r Ryman has been threat- 

Mr Ryman: “A victory for 
Militant and supporters." 

in early 

By Richard Evans 
Political Correspondent 

The Labour Party is secretly 
preparing a new year offensive 
aimed at highlighting the 
Government’s lack of credibil- 
ity, trustworthiness and com- 
petence in the run up to the 
next general election. 

With the Australian spy 
book case likely to result in 
ftesh embarrassment and 
accusations of mishandling 
for Mrs Margaret Thatcher, 
party strategists arc putting 
the finishing touches to 
Labour’s election campaign 
blueprint which includes erod- 
ing the public’s perception of 
the Government as a tough, 
no-nonsense administration. 

While private opinion polls 
carried out for the pony 
confirm that voters prefer 
Labour policies mi issues such 
os health, education, housing 
and employment, there is still 
a marked tendency among the 
electorate to see the Conser- 
vatives as the natural party of 

As one Labour source said: 
“What we have got to show is 
that people are wrong to think 
that it is the Conservatives 
who are likely to take the 
tough decisions." 

Although the move towards 
highlighting what is seen as 
important Government fail- 
ings catne before the Wright 
spy book case bit the head- 
lines, it is regarded as an ideal 
compliment for the switch in 
Labour tactics. 

The strategy will be outlined 
to the shadow cabinet and the 
Parliamentary Labour Party 
in the next few days. Barring 
late hitches it will be put into 
action in the next few weeks. 

Apart from the Australian 
court case, the Westland saga 
and the fiasco involving Brit- 
ish Leyland and General Mo- 
tors will be used to illustrate 
the Government's lack of 
credibility and trustworthi- 
ness. Labour leaders are con- 
fident the public is already 
moving substantially towards 
accepting such doubts. 

Proving the incompetence 
of /Mrs Thatcher and her 
min islets is seen -as a. tougher 
problem. Labour h likely to 
direct its fire at the Govern- 
ment's handling of the econ- 
omy, in particular emphasi- 
zing the “irresponsibility" of 
deliberately engineering a pre- 
election boom, which cannot 
last, in a bid to buy votes. 

The increasing number of 
scandals involving the City 
will also form a crucial part of 
Labour’s artillery. The Go- 
vernment will be accused of 
foiling to crack down on City 
fraudsters with the same pas- 
sion it has developed for 
chasing social security cheats. 

Since Labour’s disastrous 
1983 general election cam- 
paign, considerable effort has 
gone into successfully building 
up an efficient party head- 
quarters and election cam- 
paign machine. 

Party leaders have been 
stung by the success of the 
Conservatives’ co-ordinated 
campaign against the “loony 
left" running some Labour- 
controlled authorities, and 
Labour's defence policy. 

Mr Neil Kinnock will at- 
tempt to overcome growing 
criticism of Labour's support 
for unilateral nuclear disarma- 
ment by this week relaunching 
the party’s defeat* policy. 

Hospital halts drugs service 

By Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 

Consultants at one of Lon- 
don's leading teaching hos- 
pitals are to stop prescribing 
drugs for people attending 
out-patient clinics. 

Instead, staff shortages 
mean patients will be given a 
letter describing the medica- 
tion they need io take to their 
general practitioner, who will 
then be expected to write out 
the prescription. 

The scheme was to have 
come into force today . But it 
has been deferred for a fort- 
night at the request of the area 
family practitioner commit- 
tee. which said more time was 

needed to advise family doc- 
tors of the new system. 

The plan has surprised the 
British Medical Association, 
and it was described as 
transferring a burden from the 
hospital to an already over- 
loaded family practitioner ser- 
vice. There would be no 
savings involved for the 
health service. However, the 
BMA’s main concern was the 
possibility of a patient not 
receiving proper treatment 

Dr Jeremy Hyde, assistant 
general manager at Charing 
Cross, said the hospital could 
no longer maintain a full 
dispensing service because of 
a shortage of technical and 
professional staff. 

He said it was not a matter 
of cutting budgets. The hos- 
pital was still trying to recruit. 

Dr Hyde said there were 
exceptions to the proposals to 
refer patients back to GPs for 
prescribing. Those were for 
drugs that would be difficult to 
obtain outside hospitals; for 
patients involved in clinical 
trials; for patients who needed 
immediate medication and for 
those who needed transport. 

Although Charing Cross is 
not freezing staff recruitment, 
the hospital had been using 
personnel from agencies to fill 
posts. The overloading in the 
dispensary service has fol- 
lowed a decision not to use 
agency personnel 

Death triggers riots and looting 

Chirac appeal 
for halt to 

Secret US 
arms cash 
is frozen 

From Alan McGregor 

The Swiss Government yes- 
terday confirmed that a secret 
numbered account had been 
frozen to allow inspection, by 
American officials, of iranfr- 
actions in which arms pay- 
ments from Iran are thought 
to have been passed on to the 
Contra guerrillas in 
Kl&ragua. • ••• 
a Swiss Foreign Ministry 
spokesman. Mr Clemens 
Birrer, said that the United 
Slates had asked for judicial 
assistance in blocking, for 
investigation, “a certain num- 
bered accounL” 

Mr Birrer declined to iden- 
tify the company involved — 
other sources identified it as 
the Credit Suisse — and said 
the bank had already frozen 
the account before the US 
request was received. 

It had not been necessary, 
accordingly, for the Swiss 
authorities to issue a formal 

He declined to comment 
when asked whether the num- 
bered account had been 
administered directly by Lt 
Col Oliver North, the dis- 
missed US National Security 

MI6 chief 
in new spy 
book row 

By Michael Evans 
Whitehall Correspondent 

A former MI6 officer is to 
be wanted by the Government 
that he cannot publish a book 
he has nearly completed be- 
cause it breaches his 
confidentiality obligations as a 
former member of the intelli- 
gence service. 

Mr Anthony Cavendish re- 
acted augriiy yesterday to the 
intervention of the Treasury 
Solicitor, Mr John Bailey, who 
is to write reminding him of 

Tebbit attack 






Apologetic Reagan 6 
Conor Cruise O'Brien 12 

Council aide involved in the 
transfer of Iranian arms 
money to the Contras, or by a 
third person acting on his 

The transfer, as well as other 
transactions involving funds 
emanating from Iran or else- 
where, did not, banking of- 
ficials point out, contravene 
Swiss law. As long as the 
parties involved were legally 
bona fide, and not associated 
with known organized crime, 
transfers through established 
accounts would go forward. 

However, the feet that the 
business for which the account 
was being used had been 
revealed as highly political, 
and had become the centre of 
attention, including US of- 
ficial investigations, led to the 
account being blocked by the 
bank as a precaution. 

Attention is also being di- 
rected to the transaction, 
effected last summer, whereby 
fUnds — put at several million 
dollars - from the Sultan of 
Brunei reportedly went 
through a secret account and 
ended up with the Contra 

his duties as a former public 

Mr Bailey returned at the 
weekend from Australia, 
where he was involved in the 
Government case against Mr 
Peter Wright, a former MI5 
officer who is trying to publish 
a book about MI5. 

Mr Cavendish accused Mr 
Bailey of“running around like 
a headless chicken" and in- 
sisted that everyone had 
known for 18 months that he 
was writing a book about his 
time with MJ6 during the late 
1940s and early 1950s. 

Mr Cavendish has nearly 
finished the manuscript for 
Inside intelligence, about his 
role in sending agents behind 
the Iron Curtain. On Friday, 
he delivered the first 12 
chapters to the MI6 head- 
quarters io south London. 

Mr Cavendish said: “When 
1 started writing the book I 
told the powers that be what I 
was doing and I gave a pledge 
that I would send them the 
manuscript so that they could 
make any deletions they fell 
were necessary. 1 know that 
the relevant authorities have 
not even read the book yet but 
the Treasury Solicitor is now 
saying that he won't allow it to 
be" published." 

“Obviously whether it is 
published or not will depend 
on what happens in Australia . 
But it's a ludicrous situation. 1 
have written about something 
that happened 35 years ago, all 
of which has appeared in other 
books. The East Germans 
even made a documentary 
about it I don’t know why 
they are gening so excited.” 

Mr Cavendish, aged 59, 
who joined MJ6 in 1948. has 
already written a novel about 

Continued on page 16, col 2 

Leaders firm 
on Anglo-Irish 

The Prime Minister and Dr 
Garret FitzGerald, the Irish 
Taoiseach, have marked the 
anniversary of the Anglo-Irish 
agreement by renewing their 
commitment to iL 

Their determination to 
stand firm in the face of 
opposition by Ulster’s Prot- 
estant majority was expressed 
during a half-hour meeting in 

The two leaders, at their 
first bi-iatcral meeting since 
the EEC summit at the Hague 
in June, were understood to be 
satisfied with the operation of 
the axemen! so for. 

“Leading article, page 13 

Sid takes a back seat on his big day 

By Graham Seujeant 
Financial Editor 

Sid, the mythical first-time 
investor the Government 
sought to lure into British Gas 
shares, will be left on the 
sidelines when dealings start 

SESto££“ h " p of B “ * 

The small man has been 
favoured in distributing 2.3 

not be posted before Decem- 
ber 15 and until these are 
received, new shareholders 
will have no' formal evidence 
of ownership. Allocation ta- 
bles will tell investors how 
many shares they have. 

Another test will be the 

billion shares among the pub- 
lic. But he will find it hard to 
sell them immediately unless 
he is well known to a stock- 
broker. friendly with his bank 
manager or uses a firm outside 
the Exchange that may charge 
him more. The Hon. Sidney is 
more likely io benefit 
Letters of acceptance will 

could take some days. NM 
Rothschild, has also cashed 
cheques of those suspected of 
making multiple “and certain 
other suspected ineligible or 
invalid applications” that re- 
ceive no shares. 

The Exchange has sus- 
pended its normal rules for 
new issues until December 18 
so that investors can sell 
shares at their own risk in the 

meantime. But stockbrokers 
are unlikely to agree to deal for 
anyone who is not an estab- 
lished customer. 

High street banks are, in 
varying degrees, also reluctant 
to act before letters are re- 
ceived. particularly before 
cheques arc cleared. 

Barclays has said it would 
□ot deal without a letter of 
acceptance. National West- 
minster. the leading bank in 
the issue, said it would stick to 
its practice of requiring proof 
of ownership, but exceptions 
may be made 

Midland Bank, though not 
officially encouraging quick 
sales, is leaving the derision to 
managers. Lloyds will advise 

customers against, but agree if; 
they insist 

Sid could sell through a 
licensed dealer outside the 
Exchange, but this caused 
many embarrassments, after 
the British Telecom sale. 

This does not mean that Sid 
will lose by delay. Shares in 
TSB reached their highest 
price right at the start. But 
British Telecom did not reach 
its peak for several weeks. 

Sid. in any case, probably 
does not wish to sell on the 
first day. A new survey carried 
out for ihe Stock Exchange 
found two out of three who 
were likely to buy would keep 
their British Gas shares. 

20p premium, page 17 

M Jacques Chirac, the French Prime Minister, appealing 
for calm at his party's general meeting yesterday 

M Jacques 
French Prime Minister, yes- 
terday appealed for calm after 
three days of violent clashes 
between students and police in 
Paris had left one dead and 
scores injured. 

He said the Government 
would not tolerate “attempts 
by hdmeted minorities to 
destabilize society”. 

The Government was 
“shocked and distressed" by 
the events of the past few days, 
he said. 

“Even if the demonstrations 
are legitimate, nothing can 
justify the deliberate provoca- 
tion, pillaging and attacks. We 
deplore and condemn the 
violence, whoever the victims, 
because violence solves noth- 

M Chirac was speaking at 
what was supposed to have 
been a particularly festive 
extraordinary general meeting 
of his party! the Rasscnblc- 
tnem Pour la RepuNique : 
called to celebrate its 10th 

A celebratory ball which 
was to have been held on 
Saturday night was cancelled 
because it was deemed 
“unsuitable” in the present 

The National Students Co- 
ordinating Committee called 
yesterday for a day of mount- 
ing today in memory of MaJilc 
Oussekine, the French student 
of Algerian origin, aged 22, 
who died as a result of cardiac 
arrest after being allegedly 
being beaten and kicked by 
police during riots on Friday 

The public prosecutor has 
opened an “inquiry into the 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 
Chirac, the causes of the death", but law- 
yers representing ihe dead 
man’s family ore demanding 
that the terms of the inquiry 
be changed to include a refer- 
ence to his “manslaughter". 

Oussekine was known io 
suffer from renal complaints, 
but had no apparently pre- 
vious heart problems. 

The students, who have 
been polarized by his death, 
have called for a national day 
of demonstration throughout 



France on Wednesday and 
have invited parents, teachers, 
trade unionists and the gen- 
era! public to participate. 

They nave rejected the Gov- 
ernment's latest concessions 
or its controversial university 
reform bill and are still 
demanding its withdrawal. 

The Communist-led CGT 
union has called its members 
out on a 24-hour strike on 
Wednesday in sympathy with 
the students and other unions 
arc expected to follow suit 
when their national executive 
committees meet today. The 
largest parent organization has 
decided to support the demon- 
stration and three unions, tite 
CGT. the socialist CFDT. and 
the FEN — the largest teachers’ 
union — arc to hold a one-hour 
strike today to protest against 
Oussekine' s death. 

Student leaders have con- 
demned the weekend vi- 
olence. blaming it on “pro- 
fessional agitators who have 
nothing to do with the student 
movement", and have ap- 

Con tinned on page 16, col 2 

Chernobyl cost shock 
revealed by Gorbachov 

From Christopher Walker. Moscow 

The total cost to the Soviet 
economy of coping with the 
aftermath of the Chernobyl 
nuclear disaster has now 
soared well above ibe 2 billion 
roubles (£1.9 billion) which 
was the Kremlin's initial es- 
timate of the financial blow 
dealt to the country by the 
April 26th explosion. 

In an interview with The 
Times here yesterday. Mrs 
Gro Harlem Brondtiand. the 
Norwegian Prime Minister, 
said that Mr Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, had revealed the 
new escalation in the cost of 
dealing with the nuclear ac- 
cident during a two-our meet- 
ing- she held with him in the 
Kremlin on Friday. 

Mrs Bnindtiand is in Mos- 
cow to chair public hearings of 
the United Nations World 
Commission for Environment 
and Development, at which 

nuclear energy is expected to 
be the dominant issue. 

In a separate development, 
Bniisn sources said that Mr 
Peter walker, the Energy Sec- 
retary. is due to investigate the 
costly clean-up operation at 
first hand when he visits the 
Chernobyi region later this 
month under the terms of an 
energy co-operation agree- 
ment signed with Soviet 
Union shortly before the ac- 
cident occurred. 

Mrs Brundtiand said that 
Mr Gorbachov had not pro- 
vided a new concrete figure for 
the cost of the disaster. “He 
told me that it was now clear 
that it was going to be much 
higher than the earlier es- 
timate of 2 billion roubles." 
The Kremlin's previous es- 
timate was announced at a 
press conference in September 
by Mr Boris Gostev, the 
Finance Minister. 

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Twins’ parents 

start baby fund 

■The parents of the Siamese twins who died at the 
weekend have launched a trust fund fora special baby care 
unit at the Soothmead Hospital, Bristol, where die girls 
were born last Wednesday. 

Surgeons bad told the parents there was no chance of 
successfully severing the babies, who were joined at the 
chest and shared the same heart and liver. 

The an named Bristol couple are hoping to raise at least 
£8,000 for a new incnbator for Soottunead. A large 
proportion of that wiB come from publication of their story 
in a national newspaper. 

Royal apartheid row 

Tbe Dnke of Edinburgh has ran Into criticism over plans 
to present a trophy to a Sooth African equestrian rider at a 
banquet in London on Wednesday. 

The issoe raises questions over whether the Royal 
Family is obliged to uphold the Gleneagles agreement 
which discourages sporting contacts with Sooth Africa. 

It has also emerged that the Duke ruled 
‘‘onconsthationar a move to expel Sooth Africa last year 
from membership of the International Equestrian Federa- 
tion, of which be is president. 

Diners in Soldier 

gas attack strayed 

Three hradred people 
were evacuated ami 16 
taken to hospital after two 
canisters of what was be* 
tiered to be teargas were 
thrown into McDonald's 
restaurant hi Leicester on 

Those taken to hospital 
were treated before being 
allowed home. 

The case of a British 
soldier who apparently 
strayed across the border 
into the Irish Republic and 
was held by a fanner before 
befog handed over to pol- 
ice, will be raised fo the 
Irish parliament tomorrow. 

The soldier was detained 
by police for five horns. 



The likelihood of the 
Prince of Wales becoming 
governor of Hong Kong 
was considered remote 

Dr David Wilson, aged 
51 (right), assistant under 
secretary of state at the 
Foreign Office, is consid- 
ered the front-runner. 

Another possible choice 
is S fo Richard Evans, aged 
58, British Ambassador to 

Six face police quiz 

Six people arrested and released on police bail by 
detectives hunting tbe killer of the woman whose torso was 
found fo Ashdown Forest, East Sussex, are to be 
interviewed again in the new year. 

Three men and three women from addresses in Crawley, 
EastGrinstead, and Horsham, West Sussex, have already 
been questioned about the disappearance of a Mrs Latifa 
Lazaar, aged 26. Mrs Lazaar, bora in Morocco and the 
mother of a boy aged four, was tiring fo Rnndtield, 
Crawley, when she disappeared hi the middle of August 


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Royal Marine cw mwM od os from Bfckldgh, Plymouth, setting a world speed marching record of four boors, 48 min utes - two 

record set by a United States army team — over a 26-mile course at Plymouth yesterday. 

—two hours faster than the previous 

Boost to 
on voting 



Martin Fletcher 

Allian ce hopes of a deal 
with the Conservatives on 
proportional representation in 
the event of a hung Parliament 
have been boosted by con- 
firmation that Mr Douglas 
Hurd, a leading candidate to 
succeed Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher as party leader, fa- 
vours reform of the voting 

During a late-night debate 
in the Commons last week Mr 
David Alton, the Liberal chief 
whip, read out a letter he had 
received from Mr Hurd in 
which the Home Secretary 
said: "My views on the prin- 
ciple of electoral reform have 
never been a secret, but they 
are of course personal and not 
shared by the Government as 
a whole or by a majority in the 
House of Commons.” 

The Alliance also believes 
that Mr Kenneth Baker, Sec- 
retary of Stale for Education 
and Science, is sympathetic. 
The Alliance points out that 
he was one of a number of 
Conservative ministers who 
on a fine vote in 1977 backed 
the regional list form of 
portional representation 
r European elections. 

Mr Alton has written to Mr 
Hurd to say that the European 
Parliament is soon to debate 
again the need for for. .a 
common voting system for 
member countries. 

In 1 977 Mr Hurd argued the 
eventual need for propor- 
tional representation in Euro- 
pean elections. Tbe Treaty of 
Rome insists on a “uniform” 
voting procedure throughout 
Europe. Mr Alton has asked 
Mr Hurd “what the Gov- 
ernment's intentions are in the 
event that the parliament once 
again recommends a uniform 
system of proportional rep- 

• The Social Democratic 
Party yesterday targetted the 
young and upwardly mobile in 
its search for cash and cam- 
paign expertise (Nicholas 
Wood writes). 

For £100 “yuppies" can join 
the “marketing friends of the 
SDP" and meet Dr David 
Owen, tbe party leader. 

Mr Simon Lewis, the party's 
head of communications, said 
that tbe new brains trust 
drawn from marketing, adver- 
tising and media pro- 
fessionals, will serve as a 
“sounding board for advice, 
ideas and feedback for Dr 
Owen, SDP MPs and par- 
liamentary candidates”. Cash 
raised would be put towards 
“converting opinion into 

Cabinet rift on using 
European rights 
pact in British law 

By Richard Evans, Political Correspondent 

The Government is divided 
over a private member’s Bill 
being introduced into the 
Commons this week which 
seeks to incorporate the Euro- 
pean Convention an Human 
Rights into British law. 

While both the Lord Chan- 
cellor and the Attorney Gen- 
eral are said to be keen 
supporters of the move, the 
Prime Minister remains un- 
convinced and a number of 
senior ministers are privately 
voicing outright opposition. 

Opponents of the Human 
Rights and Fundamental 
Freedoms Bill, to be in- 
troduced by Sir Edward Gard- 
ner, QC, Conservative MP for 
Fylde and chairman of the 
Commons Select Committee 
on Home Affiurs, argue that it 
would inevitably lead to a 
dash between British judges 
and legislators and threaten 
tbe supremacy of Parliament 

Their fears were echoed last 
week by Lord McGuskey, a 
High Court judge and former 
Solicitor General for Scotland. 

In is his fifth Redth lecture, 
be questioned why “elderly 
lawyers , with cautious and 

from being dragged repeatedly 
through the European Court 
of Human Rights in Strasburg 
and suffering embarrassingly 
adverse ratings, but would 
allow British citizens who 
believed their rights had been 
infringed an immediate rem- 
edy in a British coun rather 
than laving to go through tbe 
delay and expense of going to 

The articles of the conven- 
tion on human rights cover 
such basic rights as freedom of 
speech, privacy, famil y life 
and property. 

Sir Edward, whose measure 
will be similar to a Bill 
sponsored by Lord Scarman 
which was passed in the last 
House of Lends session, has 
extensive all-party support in 
the Commons. 

But without the backing of 
the Government, or, at worst, 
benevolent neutrality from 
ministers. Sir Edward will be 
hard pressed to get the Bill on 
to the statute-book. 

He said: “British lawyers 
were largely responsible for 
drafting the convention and 

backward-looking habits of we have taken great pains to 

thought are qualified to over-, 
rule the judgements of demo- 
cratically elated legislators”. 

But supporters of the mea- 
sure insist that it would not 
only save the Government 

see titat-the convention could 
be relied upon by individual 

“Having done that we find 
the only way in which a 
British subject can take 

advantage of the convention is 
by going through the commis- 
sion, who vet the petition to 
see if it is suitable and 
justifiable, before submitting 
it to the European Court of 
Human Rights. 

“That is a very long-winded 
process which can rate up to 
six or seven years and cost an 
inordinate amount of 

Bui opponents say that the 
convention's incorporation 
into British law would result 
in a flood of applications to 
the courts, which British 
judges could have difficulty 
dealin g whh because they are 
used to interpreting tightly- 
drawn statutes rattier than 
interpreting vague concepts 
such as the rights of family 

But the main fear concerns 
the likely clash between the 
judiciary and Parliament. 

One senior minister said: 
“If English courts were asked 
to say if there had been a 
violation of a person's rights 
under the convention, they 
would have to decide whether 
a particular Act of Parliament 
was unconstitutional or not 

“That would mean dragging 
the courts into the centre of 
the stage. In many cases the 
courts would actually have to 
make a political judgements.” 

Drag abase 

Addict loses teenage child 

A girl aged 15 has been 
taken into care after she told 
her teachers that her mother 
was a heroin addict 
The Berkshire teenager was 
taking part in a discussion at 

school about drugs when she 
r trie 

her friends and 
by declaring that her 
mother was addicted. 

She has now been removed 
from her home and is to spend 
Christmas with foster parents. 

Her parents have not been 
allowed to see their daughter 
since she was removed. The 
mother's doctor said that the 
woman, who cannot be named 
to protect the identity of her 
child, is a registered drug 
addict who has a loving 
relationship with the girl 
A temporary care order was 
imposed by magistrates last 

week. During the court hear- 
t mother was told that 

ing tbe 

her daughter had been taken 
away on grounds of “moral 

danger" and for her personal 

Mr Bill Brack, chairman of 
Berkshire County Council so- 
cial sendees committee, said 
the care order was only app- 
lied for after lengthy dis- 

Last week, a Reading 
mother aged 30, who is ad- 
dicted to the heroin substitute 
methadone, lost her battle to 
win back her baby daughter 
after she was bom suffering 
from drug withdrawal symp- 
toms and taken into care. The 
mother had taken her case to 
tbe House ofLords but tbe law 
lords ruled unanimously in 
favour of Berkshire County 

• Rosie Johnston, who was 
jailed for nine months for 
supplying heroin to her child- 
hood friend, Olivia Channon, 
was an idiot, but not wicked, 
her mother said yesterday. 

Mrs Suzanna Johnston, a. 

travel writer, of 
Hall, near Faringdoo, 
shire, said her daughter should 
have received a suspended 
sentence after the death from 
drags of Miss Channon, the 
daughter ofMr Paul Channon, 
the Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry. ■ 

Miss Channon, aged 22, 
died from an overdose of 
heroin mixed with alcohol 
after a party at Oxford 
On Friday at Oxford Crown 
Court, Miss Johnston, aged 
23, was sentenced to nine 
mouths* imprisonment after 
she admitted collecting heroin 
from a drugs pusher. 

• In our report on Saturday 
we incorrectly said that Miss 
Johnston had handed heroin 
to Miss Channon with the 
words: “There you are — 
celebrate”. The court was told 
that those words were in fact 
spoken by Miss Channon to 
Miss Johnston. 

Release of 
man held 
in Tehran 

By Alan Hamilton 

The family of a British 
businessman being held with- 
out charge in an Iranian jail 
appealed for his release yes- 
terday, a year after his deten- 
tion began. 

Mr Tim Eggar, Under Sec- 
retary of State at the Foreign 
Office, wifi today call in Mr 
Akhunzadeh Basti, the new 
Iranian charge d’affaires m 
Loudon, to discuss the case of 
Mr Roger Cooper, aged 51. He 
will demand to know why Mr 
Cooper, a representative of 
McDermott, the British 
construction company, is still 
beim held in Tehran. 

Mr Cooper was arrested 
dining a business trip tot 
December. Since then his 
family have had only two 
letters from him. On Saturday, 
fais former wife, who is Ira- 
nian, was allowed to pay him a 
brief visit. She said that he 
appeared physically well but 
understood that he was being 
kept in soEtary confinement 
Dr Sosaieeu Cooper, aged 
92, his mother and the sister of 
the late Robert Graves, who 
lives at Bishopsteignton, 
South Devon, said yesterday: 
“We. have no idea why he. was 


Mr - Paul Cooper,tfie 
tained man’s brother, said 
yesterday: “It is time the 
Government acted more force- 
fully.” . r 

Tile Foreign and Common- 
wealth Office yesterday said 
that it had made no progress in 
securing Mr Cooper’s release. 

Caution on 
work with 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 


Tebbit attacks Kinnock and Wright 

By Our Political Correspondent 

Mr Norman Tebbit yes- 
terday accused Mr Neil 
Kinnock’s office of acting as 
“junior counsel” for tbe de- 
fence in the Australian spy- 
book case and charged Mr 
Peter Wright, the former M15 
officer, with having “ratted” 
on his friends. 

Defending the 

Government's actions, the 
Conservative Party chairman 
concentrated, his attack on the 
Labour Party leader, who is 
likely to receive a rough 
reception from Conservative 
MPs in the Commons this 
week on his return from the 

Mr Tebbit said: “With Mr 
Kinnock and his escapades in 

America and his contacts with 
the lawyers appearing against 
the Crown in a foreign coun- 

try, people have just got that 
raid not want to 

feeling they wot 
trust any serious issue in his 

Speaking on TV-am, he said 
there was no evidence to show 
that the Government could 
have handled the Australian 
case much better. 

Meanwhile in Leeds, Mr 
Gerald Kaufman, the shadow 
Home Secretary, called on the 
Prime Minister to “come 
dean” about the affair, claim- 
ing she no longer had any 
grounds for using the case in 
Sydney as an excuse for 

In a separate move. Lord 
Donoughue, former policy ad- 
viser to the Wilson Labour 
Government, and Mr Peter 
Shore, shadow Leader of the 
Commons, called for an in- 
quiry into the activities of MI5 
against Mr Harold Wilson 
(now Lord Wilson of Riev- 

“The basic fact of the story, 
whether or not MI5 did mount 
an operation against the 
Government of the day, and 
the Prime Minister of the day, 
is so scandalous and so shock- 
ing that quite clearly we have 
to get to the root of the 
matter,” Mr Shore said on 
BBCs This Week, Next Week 

Sale to Libya 
was within 
terms of ban 


Cooper, ii 

I in Iran. 

Social workers want to re- 
tain foe right to use people 
with criminal records to work 
with young offenders, accord- 
ing to a report published by 
the government funded Na- 
tional Youth Bureau. 

But the selection would 
have to be made carefully, and 
the candidate must be re- 
formed and be able to provide 
a good example to someone in 
trouble of the cost of crime. 

The report. Youth Social 
Work, said that a survey of 
staff and organizations work- 
fog in intermediate treatment 
with young people found there 
was a need for local project 
managers to retain the right to 
make the final decision on 

The survey was taken after 
the release of a government 
circular explaining new proce- 
dures for checking with local 
police forces on the possible 
criminal background of those 
who apply to work with 

“Certain types of criminal 
records, coupled with a 
particular attitude, might 
make a volunteer very suit- 
able for a specific relationship, 
or intermediate treatment 
programme,” foe report said 
A typical example of an ex- 
offender volunteer is a man 
who might have been sent toa 
detention centre as a teenager, 
but is now happily married 
with a stable background, who 
can speak from experience. 

The general reaction of the 
workers and organizations 
sampled was an agreement in 
principle that the police 
checks are a valid precaution. 
The new procedures are ex- 
pected to be fully operational 
by January. 

Most agencies will incor- 
porate tbe police check into 
current procedures and retain 
their usual forms and ref- 
erences. which can be used to 
determine if a candidate has a 
criminal record. 

While it is believed that 
genuine volunteers will not be 
deterred by the police checks, 
there is concern that it could 
take two months for police 
information to be made avail- 
able in London, which might 
act as a deterrent for some. 

The checks will apply to 
people who have been selected 
-to work in posts which give 
them substantial access to 
children, and those volunteer- 
ing to take pan in similar 

" Persons ~ m whom checks 
should be made include local 
authority social services staff, 
full or part-time youth club 
leaders, probation officers and 
other probation staff with 
substantial access to children, 
and volunteers in the field. 

A senior officer in each 
appropriate local authority 
department will be respon- 
sible for reforesting checks 
from the police and ensuring 
that the information is re- 
leased only to those who need 
to see it 

Arrangements are being 
made to extend foe disclosure 
of criminal records to vol- 
untary youth organizations 
dealing with children. Consul- 
tations have taken place and 
interim arrangements may be 
introduced this month. 

Britain and Russians 
join forces on Aids 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

The sale of British sub- 
marine lifting equipment to 
Libya did not breach the 
Government’s ban on military 
gear to Colonel Gadaffi’s re- 
gime, the Department of 
Trade said yesterday. 

Components for the “Syn- 
chro-lift” left Glasgow last 

The department said that 
Britain still had normal 
commercial trade with Libya, 
and the machinery had civil- 
ian and industrial functions. 
The manufacturers, New- 
castle-based Northern En- 
gineering Industries, did not 
need an export licence. 

British and Russian sci- 
entists have started working 
together on research into the 
acquired immune deficiency 
syndrome (Aids), which could 
lead to earlier detection of the 
disease and to advances in 
control of the global epidemic. 

Tbe project is part of an 
agreement reached between 
Britain and the Soviet Union 
10 days ago to improve 
collaboration on medical re- 
search and public health 

The Aids project will in- 
volve leading virologists in 
Moscow and is one of the 
clearest indications so far that 
Aids has become a serious 
problem in the Soviet Union. 
Moscow has played down the 
impact of the disease so far, 
and has only acknowledged a 
few cases. 

Tbe joint work on Aids will 
include a study of the relation- 
ship between infection by the 
virus and production of anti- 
bodies by tbe human immune 
system. Tbe scientists wifi 

examine the molecular struc- 
ture of different strains of the 
virus and study methods pf 
detecting antibodies among 
infected patients and blood 

Part of tbe project will be to 
investigate the accuracy of 
antibody tests as a means of 
epidemic control. Mr Viktor 
Zhdanov, director of the 
Ivanovsky Institute of Virol- 
ogy fo Moscow, who has beqn 
leading the country's Aids 
research, will co-ordinate tfie 
joint study. 

Britain's contribution to the 
project will involve die Cen- 
tral Public Health Laboratory 
service at Colindale, north 
London. Under the terms of 
the agreement. British and 
Russian specialists will be able 
to visit each other and ex- 
change biological samples, 
medical papers and pharma- 
ceutical preparations. 

The agreement will also lead 
to joint research into various 
forms of cancer, including 
breast cancer. ; 

Zimbabwe alert, page^fi 

Most forces reject a Christmas drink-drive crackdown 

By David Sapsted 

There will be no special 
nationwide police crackdown 
on drunken drivers this 
Christmas, m spite of tbe 
lent of Transport’s 
i,000 advertising cam- 
paign. a survey by The Times 
has revealed. 

Few forces will be mounting 
extra patrols and there are no 
plans to introduce random 

Christmas onslaught Instead, 
many chief constables are 
concentrating on year-round 
crackdowns on drink-drivers. 

Sussex police, who pio- 
neered random tes 

Tbe main reason appears to 
be a shift in police thinkiijg 
away from the idea of a 

tests under the 
guise of roadside checks two 
years ago. admit to “a change 
of thinking” and have now 
abandoned the strategy. 

South Wales police, who 
launch an educational cam- 
paign tomorrow aimed at 
Christmas drivers, point out 
that their seasonal arrest 
record of drink-drivers and 

the accident record is com- 
parable with neighbouring 

Gwent, which traditionally 
mounts extra patrols. 

Throughout the country, 
police forces talk of “extra 
vigilance” and support for tbe 
government cam pai g n but, in 
the main, no extra manpower. 
There is also scant support for 
automatic breath-tests on any- 
one involved in an accident or 
traffic violation. 

Out of 16 UK forces ques- 
tioned by The Times, only 
two — Surrey and the West 
Midlands — said they would 
be putting on extra patrols. 

Tbe reluctance oft die police 
to commit extra resources 

over Christmas is j ustified by 
government statistics on traf- 
fic accidents. In December last 
year 481 people were killed on 
the roads and 4,978 were 
seriously injured. The figures 
for July were 440 deaths and 
6,386 serious injuries. 

A Dorset police spokesman 
said: “We will not be putting 
on extra patrols because we 
view the chinking and driving 
problem as starting os Janu- 
ary l each year and ending on 
December 31” 

The 'Metropolitan police. 
Rent, Essex, west Yorkshire, 
Thames Valley, Greater Man- 

chester and Hampshire all 
said they were supporting the 
government campaign and 
that officers would be es- 
pecially alert for signs of 
drink-driving. But they said 
there would be no extra 

Wiltshire, which has re- 
corded a 33 per cent increase 
in drink-driving offences in 
the first nine months of the 
year, will not be putting on 
extra patrols, but has a mobile 
display unit on the road 
warning of the dangers. 

Straibdyde police said offi- 
cers would make “particular 

efforts” to enforce drink-driV- 
>ng legislation, but already this 
year record levels for such 
offences were being recorded. 

Norfolk police hope to in- 
troduce a “designated driverf* 
scheme where the volunteer 
who stays “dry” will get Ja 
badge and, in some public 
houses, free soft drinks, in la 
plan being backed by a brew- 
ery and soft drinks company. 

Surrey, though, will qe 
putting out extra Christmas 
patrols, starting next week. ’ 

West Midlands will have 
®fon . cars on patrol from 
December 23. 





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Consumer bodies fight 
for victims’ right to 
sue firms for damages 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Cotrespondent 

Manuftcturets will be able sonal injury, whk* urea 





between ihe consumer lobby 
and British industry over 
. government proposals which, 
■'-it is claimed, will make it 

- harder for victims of air 
. xrashes or drugs such as 

thalidomide to sue for 
* damages. 

The proposals are contained 

, in the Consumer Protection 
Bill which comes before the 
. Lords for a second reading. 

- The Bill aims to tighten 
consumer law by making 

■•manufacturers strictly liable 
..for damage caused by defects 
*in their products, without the 
..burden and cost of the victim 
-having to prove negligence in 
the courts as now. 

: But at the same lime the Bill 
contains a legal defence for 
manufacturers which con- 
■ sumer groups, led by the 
"Consumers’ Association, be- 
lieve could leave victims with- 
out compsensation. 

to rely on the so-called 
“development risks” defence 
to avoid liability, rfgimtng 
that the state of scientific and 
technical knowledge at the 
time the product was mar- 
keted was such that the defect 
could not have boat dis- 

Mr David Tench, legal offi- 
cer of the Consumers' Associ- 
ation. said: “What the law 
gives with one hand it takes 
away with the other. It reintro- 
duces negligence by the back 
door for design defects. 1 ' 

A full-scale attack on that 
defence, which has been de- 
scribed by the National Con- 
sumer Council as a “huge 
black hole” in the law, will be 

sonal injury, which urged 
unanimously there should be 
no “development risks'* 

Thai commission was settro 
in the wake of the tbafidomiew 
tragedy, be said, “but under 
these new proposals it is still 
possible for a thalidomide 
disaster to happen again”. 

There was some improve- i 
mem in that the bunko of 
proof had been shifted ami 
manufacturers bad to show 
that they were not acgKgcm. 

“It is still extremely difficult 
for an individual citizen up 
against the might of a tug 
manufacturer to obtain com- 
pensation; it is not a contest 
between equals,” he said. 

As well as the Pearson 



' % * 

&- i 

— * mn. mu ub na wtu ■» uk rnuawi i 

mad® today by Lord Allen of commission, the defence is j 

Abbey dale. 

Lord Allen was a member of 
the 1978 Pearson Royal 
Commission on civil liability 
and compensation for per- 

Adverts freedom 
sought by lawyers 

By Our Legal Affairs Correspondent 
Solicitors will be able to working party cm practice 

advertise in supermarkets, rail 
stations and on street board- 
ings, as well as on T-shirts, 
pens and badges, under a 
.proposed overhaul of their 
practice rules published today. 

They will also have freedom 
to set up non-solicitor busi- 
nesses offering farilirttfc for 
' clients such as computer 
consultancies; and to mafc» 
arrangements with third par- 
ties such as estate agents or 
bufidmg societies for clients to 
be introduced. 

In addition they will be aide 
to market a “package of 
■services” such as conveyanc- 
ing together with members of 
other professions, and to be 
employed by non-sofiotora to 
do legal work tor the public, 
other than conveyancing, pro- 
bate, and litigation, which are 
barred by statute. 

• The proposals, which would 
radically change the way the 
profusion presents its services 
come before the Law Society 
Conned for debate on Thurs- 

The aim is to make solic- 
itors more competitive. The 

^ ^ lis ot^ecdons are threefold. 

RnTj* manufecturers should have to 

pay for risks no one could 

jsSSa» Bsa*'— ■*■ 

emphasis so that almost all Second, without the de- 
advertising wiU be allowed fence, insurance cover in high- 
ratber tbm only very rmiM risk areas such as aerospace 
adverrismgasBow. and the drugs industry would 

The proposed new publicity be impossible to obtain. Pre- 
cede allows advertising on mimns were already exces- 
television, by direct snail, on ‘ sively high and cover had been 
other premises snch as drastically reduced- 

opposed by the Law Commis- 
sions of England and Scot- 
land, the Council of Europe, 
ibe Law Society and the TUG 

But it is supported cm the 
other side by the Confedera- 
tion of British Industry, which 
dismisses the consumer 
lobby’s claims as “pie in the 
sky”. • 

The CBI said that “in a 
world where someone has to 
pay for compensation and 
there is no state compensation 
scheme, these proposals are 

Its objections are threefold. 
First, it says it is not feir that 
manufacturers should have to 
pay for risks no one could 
have detected. They woe fully 
prepared, however, to take , 
responsibility for design de- 
fects or faults. 

Second, without the de- 
fence, insurance cover in high- 
risk areas such as aerospace 
and the drugs industry would : 
be impossible to obtain. Pre- 
miums were already exces- 

hoardings and billboards, m 
estate-rents’ windows, and on 
“moveable objects” snch as 
pens and calendars. 

There has been demand 
from solicitors to be able to 
advertise in railway stations, 
ou street boardings, in snper- 
marfa ts, and libraries, die 
working party says. 

If adopted on Thursday by 

the council, the draft rules win 
go before the Master of the 
Rolls for approvaL If ap- 
proved, they wfll come into 
force on February 1 next year. 

Third, innovative research 
would be inhibited without 
the defence. In the United 
Stales, some companies had 
already started retreating from 
research in areas such as 

The consumer lobby win 
contest all those points. It says , 
that research has shown insur- ' 
ers will pay even without the 
defence, and that experience 
from countries such as France, 
which has strict liability, do 
not bear out daims that 
research will be inhibited 

Fewer Tories woo Asian 
women at an( | black women 

the top 

Business is still a man's i 
■world, with few women bat- | 
tling their way into the top j 
jobs, according to the Institute 
of Directors. 

I flinching the 1986 busi- i 
nesswoman of the year award, , 
the institute said uie outlook 
Tor women remained gloomy, j 
• Past winners of the award 1 
'have included Miss Anita 
Roddick, of the Body Shop, | 
. and Miss Debbie Moore, of 
. the Pineapple dance studios, 
•but their success has not been 
„.a springboard for others. 

•• The institute said that there 
. ■ were only nine women on the 
boards of Britain's top 100 
companies, and that the num- 1 
bers in senior management i 
had actually fallen in the past 
10 years. _ I 

“In 1975, 9.7 per cent of! 

full-time positions in senior i 
management were held down 
by women, but by 1985 the 
figure had fallen to 6.2 per 
cent," it said. 

The number of women 
members of the institute has ! 
risen by 51 per cent in two 1 

By SbeOa Gann, Political Staff 

The Conservative Party is 
launching a campaign to at- 
tract more Asian and black 
women into active politics. 

The two groups wiD be 
invited to separate con- 
ferences in London next 
spring in an exercise similar to 
those aimed at younger -wo- 
men and “high-flyers” this 

Miss Emma Nicholson, 
vice-chairman of the Conser- 
vative Party, described the. 
two conferences as part of her 
task to broaden the member- 
ship of -the Conservative 
women's organization. The 
campaign has the frill backing 
of Mrs Margaret Thatcher. 

The theme of the Asian 
women’s conference in March 
will be health, with an address 
by Mr Norman Fowler, Sec- 
retary of State for Social 
Services; The blade women’s 
conference in April will con- 
centrate ou education. 

Miss Nicholson said there 
was no plan to set up separate 
“black” sections, winch have 
caused such friction within the 
Labour Party. 

“I am personally colour 
blind. Separate sections would 
be negating the exercise. 1 see 
no purpose in creating arti- 
ficial divisions which may be 
unreal and unhelpful” she 

Miss Nicholson, who win 
stand for the safe Conser- 
vative seat of Devon West and 
Torridge at the next general 
election, said the aim was to 
encoun^e more Asian and 
Mack women into the main- 
stream of public life. The 
greatest care was being taken 
to reach a cross-section and to 
ensure all religions were 

“We certainly need more 
Asian and black women. As 
with the younger women and 
the high-flyers, the aim is to 
Ming an awareness into these 
women’s lives of the fascina- 
tion of politics and the 
satisfaction that can be gained 
from public service,” she said, j 

In spite of stirring speeches i 
by black women at recent i 
party conferences there are | 
few on the candidate lists of i 
any political party. 

Rest-room hitch for Boeing 

By Harvey EIliotL Air Correspondent 

Airlines buying theuew 
long-range Boeing 747-400 
jumbo jet may have to build a 
■flying “dormitory" in its root 
-for the crew. 

The 747-400 can fly non- 
stop for 8,000 TnU«, which 

..mean it could be in the arc for 
16 hours or more. 

Under international regula- 
tions no member of the ctcwis 
allowed u> renuun on dutyfor 

d^Sdte^dy toakcover 

from the first crew in mid- pilots will be 
flight- a smooth ha 

British Airways has signed 
for 16 of the new jets with a co ™“ o al . a 
further 12 options and they “ 

are due to come into service in R®®"* 

toon siceper swus 

lwy * , . . . . near the tail 

So for no decision has been crew 

taken about crewing. Nor- ^ mace up 
mally the aircraft is flown by cither have i 

just two pilots; a flight en- 
gineer is no longer required. 

But with the enormous 
distances which can be 
covered by the aircraft it is 
likely that no fewer than five 

pilots will be needed to ensure 
a smooth handover and keep ■ 
at least two pilots at the 1 
controls at any one time. . 1 
Boeing is working on pro- , 

posals for fitting bunks or 

sleeper seats in the roof space 

near the tail of the jet. 

The crew would climb into 
the space up a ladder and then 
either have seats or bunks on 


which to rest while off duty. 

It is unlikely that more than 
eight could be accommodated 
at any one time. 

As the jumbo normally 
carries i 1 cabin staff and two 
pilots several passenger seats 
may also have to be Mocked 

Under existing inter- 
national regulations the maxi- 
mum time a pilot can be on 
duty - counted from the time 
be reports and not from' the 
time be lakes off- is 14 hours 
and the maximum a steward- 
ess can be on duty is 15 hours. 

“The delivery of the aircraft 
is still a long way off and we 
must first wait to see what the 
CAA says concerning any 
changes to the rules on very 
long distance crewing before 
we can make up our mind 
what we will do in detail” BA 

Should it decide to lake 
Boeing's “dormitory" option 
it might then be faced with 
having to decide how to split 
the bunks between male and 
female members. 

5.. . • t«S 


visit now 

An international magazine 
photographer who claimed 
£4,000 as the sole winner of 
Portfolio GqW ou Sa^nSay is 
; now planting to tisil bis 
girlfriend in Tucson, Arizoae. 

“The money will also go 
towards replacing eqaipmezi 
lost on riskier assigamests,"* 
Mr Jon Delorme, aged 23, ef 
Sbepton Mallet, Somerset 

The Defence family have 
been readers of The Tones for 
Dearly 49 years. Mr Delorme 
has conduced the edition, 
starting at the age of eight. 

He has played Portfcllti 
Gold since the competition 

There were no cfaucaiits fer 
the Portfolio Gold weekly 
prize of £8,000. 

Portfolio Gold cards csb he 
obtained by seeding a stam- 
ped. addressed envelope to: 
Portfolio Gold 
The Times 
PQ Bo\ 40 
BBl 6AJ. 

pwerr- '• — h 

j sto:# w.'-.yv " ■ 

t' < v 

Mrs Bridget Murray, aged 
71, getting expert guidance at 
the Royal Ballet School in 
London yesterday as port of 
Aid For Africa Dance Week. 

Luring op behind her are 
Lucy Padina, aged 131 Harriet 
WQBs, aged 16, a dance 
student, and Mr Peter Tomlin, 
aged 26, a transport engineer. 

Mrs Ffctrida Linton, a 
teacher at the school provided 
tridon at the first of two open 
classes. Each pnpB made a 
donation to Unfcef. 

(Photograph: Eos Drinkwater). 

Pensioners going for good grades 

More pensioners arc going 
back to school to take O and A 
level examinations and many 
are doing extraordinarily well 
according to one of Britain's 
principal examining bodies 
(Angclla Johnson writes). 

The Associated Examining 
Board said that about 130 
candidates aged 70 or over sat 
the examinations last June 
and achieved high passes. 

Many senior citizens en- 
rolled in evening classes to 
update their education while 
others were compensating for 
having left school at an early 
age. the board said. 

Mr John Day. secretary 
general of the board, said: 
“The biological details of the 
candidates are extremely in- 
teresting. For example, one 
man aged 70 first started work 

as an assistant projectionist in 
a cinema showing silent films 
and his weekly wage was 25p 
per week. Family circum- 
stances meant lack of opportu- 

“It is encouraging to think 
that this opportunity is now 
available and that the chal- 
lenge is being taken by so 
many in similar circum- 

^ -• v - ... 

teWMlhc- -tgL-SdESPhtL-.-: . 

Mr Jon. Delorme, Who plans 
a trzrel assignment 


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a v ncrTTUUCD $ I Q££ 

Basis Of Allocation. 

Four and a half million applications for 
British Gas shares have been received. 

Taking into account applications received 
in joint names, five million people now own 
shares in this major British company. 

We are delighted with the success of the 
issue. The U.K public offer has been four times 
! subscribed. 

Everyone who submitted a valid application 
will receive an allocation of shares. All those who 
made valid applications for 400 shares or less 
will receive their application in full. 

But because demand for shares was so great, 
most other applications will be scaled down. 

The table alongside sets out the allocations. 

All British Gas employees and pensioners 
who submitted a valid priority application will 
also receive shares, although some applications 
have been scaled down. 

On Monday, 15th December letters will be 
posted setting out the number of shares you have 

Number of shares 
applied for 

Number of shares allocated 

General Public 

Customer Share 
Scheme application 
(green form) 



































. 10% 

10% plus 300 

150,000 or over 


7% plus 300 

been allocated. If this is less than the number * 
applied for a refund will be enclosed. 

Dealings in the shares are due to begin 
on The Stock Exchange at 2.30 p.m. 
this afternoon Monday, 8th 

If you deal before you receive 
a letter of acceptance you do 
so at your own risk. 

British Gas 



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Ait boom: 1 

American buying spree 
lifts demand for 
Impressionist painting 

»i , ■ 

>. --“TV.. -.-Mr 

■ - >1.. 

More money changed hands 
at Iasi week s London picture 
sales than has ever previously 
been recorded in auction his- 
tory. The sales at Sotheby’s 
made £52,929.360 and at 
Christie's £30.473.564. 

Il was the culmination of a 
sensational autumn in the sale 
room. Traditionallv the New 
York sales are scheduled be- 
fore London and it was al- 
ready clear in October that the 
New York market had taken 

London had the best group 
of pictures on offer for more 
than 20 years. An explosion 
was predictable. 

Wiih £7.7 million paid for a 
Manet and £6.6 million for a 
Braque, prices moved off into 
the stratosphere. 

The Manet was an extraor- 
dinarily slight picture to fetch 
such a price, depicting activity 
in a narrow Paris street. 

The labourers who are 
mending the pave in the 
foreground are so sketchily 
painted that it almost looks 

The white sunlight cascad- 
ing window-boxes, handsome 
houses and passing carriages 
turn it into a work of quite 
exceptional charm but it is the 
kind of picture that you want 
to live with, not a grand set 

That was clearly the view of 
the two main contenders. A 
European private collector, 
rumoured to be Baron Thys- 
sen. bought it over the tele- 
phone against a Japanese 
collector in the room, who was 
using an elaborate signalling 
system via a member of 
Christie's staff. 

After the safe of a Manet for £7.7 million t Geraldine 
Norman, Sale Room Correspondent, in the first of two 
articles, assesses ike rising art market , who the buyers 
ore, and where the money is coming from. 

Builders press for 
country towns in 
face of Ridley ban 

By Christopher Wannan, Property Correspondent 

The Braque was more ex- 
plicable. it dated from 1911 
when the artist, together with 
Picasso, had developed the 
Cubist technique to portray 
the three-dimensional world 
from eight directions simulta- 
neously on a two-dimensional 

It was one of the most 
significant visual experiments 
of the twentieth century and 
this was the finest Cubist 
Braque in private hands. 

It was bought by Thomas 
Gibson, the London dealer, 
and no-one has yet fathomed 
who he was bidding for. 

Prices for the lesser pictures 
were almost more extraor- 
dinary. Baron Thyssen admit- 
ted to having paid £858,000 at 
Sotheby’s for a Juan Gris, 
which was expected to make 
£270.000-£340.000; a Monet 
view of Venice went to Japan 
at £1,760,000 (estimate 
£400,000-£450,000) while a 
little Renoir sketch of two girls 
bathing made £726,000 (es- 
timate £27S,00-£325,000); 
Mary Cassatt's "Louis 

have benefited from a surge in 
takeover bids. 

But the boom builds out of 
trends that have been appar- 
ent for two or three years. Art 
collecting in New York has 
been turned into a glittering 
social scene. 

Auctions are now launched 
by champagne receptions, pri- 
vate views and balls. 

It is the “in” thing to be seen 
at the sales and to dem- 
onstrate your financial muscle 
to your peers. 

Impressionist and modern 
pictures have been prime 
favourites with the American 
public for decades; they are 
not much interested in Old 
Masters and tend to look on 
an as staninp in around 1870. 

In parallel with this view 
goes an unbounded enthu- 
siasm for the “new” which 
was sensationally celebrated 
in financial terms this autumn 
when Japser Johns' “Out the 
Window” of 1959 sold for 
53.630.000 in New York. 

While new American 
money has fuelled the autumn 
boom, neither European nor 





v ^ m 

allaiiani son enfanT made iZ 

feSMfaKw 7 JSS 


The boom market is an 
import from America where 
collectors have gone on a 
buying spree. 

to the new price levels. 

Christie's record-breaking 
Leger sold at £1.1 million to 
Japan last week, as did the 
£1.76 million Monet view of 

Bobby Hilliam (left), aged eight, and Bartley, aged 10. his brother, who regularly play tb 
organ for services at the village church at Pole brook, near Otmdle, Northamptonshire. 

The Press Council 

The immediate cause ap- Venice at Sotheby's, 
pears to be an influx of new The £7.7 million- Manet was 

money from speculators who bought by a European. 

L I- _ I -IF.- TI/-T1 .luiul 

have made a killing on Wall 
Street and businessmen who 

Prisoners set for 
pet therapy boom 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

A revolution in pet therapy 
that will make the birdman of 
Alcatraz seem mundane is 
about to spread among British 

The number of creatures 
behind bars is already growing 
rapidly. Prisoners at Saughton 
prison, in Edinburgh, last year 
bred 150.000 tropical fish for 
research at Stirling University 
into providingjocal supplies 
of food in the Third WorkL 

Two prisoners breed bud- 
gerigars which are sold to pay 
for feed for the rest, or offered 
as companions for the dis- 
abled or elderly. 

Now there are moves to- 
wards working with Edin- 
burgh Zoo. Miss Caroline 
Franklin, of the Society for 
Companion Animal Studies, 
said there were ideas in the 
pipeline for prison breeding of 
chicks and lizards for the zoo. 

But nothing has made as big 
an impact on the lives of 
people outside as the prison- 
trained dog, an idea cham- 
pioned this weekend at an 
Edinburgh seminar by Miss 
Kathy Quinn, from Millis. 

She spent 36 periods in 14 
institutions during a seven- 
year period, and her ideas on 
"pet therapy roused strong 
interest at the seminar among 
social workers and prison 

When Miss Quinn left the 
institutions, she had no 
friends and was psychologi- 

cally withdrawn. But she liked 
animals and got a dog. 

People would talk .to her 
about the pet and it helped her 
to get on with them. She 
thought a dog could help 
others cut off either physically 
or mentally. 

She persuaded the governor 
of Purdy State Prison for 
Women, in Washington State, 
to try a scheme where dogs 
would be brought into the 
prison and trained by inmates. 

The a nimals are taught how 
to pick up objects for people 
who drop and cannot retrieve 

Disabled people go into 
Purdy Prison, a high security 
jail, to work with the inmates 
and the dogs. At least 50 have 
so for been trained. 

Miss Quinn now worics full- 
time to promote the establish- 
ment of similar projects. “The 
idea is that similar schemes 
should be started in Britain,” 
Miss Franklin said. 

The Edinburgh seminar was 
organized by the Scottish 
Health Education Group and 
the Society for Companion 
Animal Studies. 

Mrs Dorothy Walster, a 
health educationist and 
honorary librarian for the 
Society, said yesterday that as 
a result of the seminar, she 
expected the feasibility of dog 
training programmes to be 
looked into in Scottish prisons 
and young offender instit- 

Tomorrow: Prospects ahead 
Sale room, page 14 

Farmers in 
protest to 

By John Yoang i 

Agriculture Correspondent 

Mr Simon Goartay, presi- 
dent of the National Farmers 1 
Union, will lend a delegation 
to Brussels tomorrow to pro- 
test at what hut week be called 
the “ ttnnili nati on” of the Brit- 
ish beef industry. 

The delegates plan to lobby 
Mr MkhaelJopliiig, Minister 
of Agriculture, and senior 
EEC officials dining the form 
ministers' w au- tin g to demand 
an immediate devaluation of 
the green pound, and the 
coBtbmation of price supports 
for beef producers which the 
Commission wants to end. 

There is also concern that 
farther cutbacks in dairy quo- 
tas could force formers to 
sfonghtty teas of t ho usands rf 
rows, with a consequent, col- 
lapse in beef prices. 

At a meeting at the Royal 
Southfield Show fast week, 
Mr Goartay threatened to 
stage mass demonstrations at 
ports in the West Country and 
Wales this week to blockade 
imports of beef from the 
Republic of Ireland unless the 
green pood was devalued. 

The NFU claims Irish 
producers have a mice advan- 
tage of £34 a head. 

British forma's* anger has 
been increased by the near 
certainty that many cattle 
importing to originate in the 
republic are in fact smuggled 
from Northern Ireland, 

Managers back in control 

By Jonathan Miller, Media Correspondent 

For the first time in living 
memory newspaper managers 
control the day-to-day run- 
ning of their businesses, 
according to the annual report 
of the Press Council, pub- 
lished today. 

New labour laws have made 
it possible to tackle gross and 
well-established over-mann- 
ing and over-payment and 
thus bring costs under control, 
the assessment of chang es in 
Fleet Street said. 

“The owners can now look 
forward to steadily increasing 
profits, a prospect which has 
not escaped the attention of 
the financial community. 

“The revolution has trans- 
formed Fleet Street into an 
orthodox capitalist thorough- 
fare, one where outsiders can 
launch new products at a 
relatively predictable cost,” 
the report said. 

The section of the Press 
Council report, presented 
anonymously as an indepen- 

dent view, and offered with- 
out official endorsement by 
the council, covered the pe- 
riod immediately before the 
move of the News Internatio- 
nal titles to Wapping, east 

Although it makes note of 
the launch of Today last 
March, it does not mention 
the U-monih campaign of 
picketing and boycotts di- 
rected against The Times. The 
Sunday Times. The Sun and 
News of the World. 

The Press Council said that 
a report would be included in 
next year's edition. 

The Press Council received 
a record 1.131 complaints in 
198$, 84 more than in 1984. ft 
adjudicated in 139 cases, 
rejecting 60 complaints and 
upholding 79, including six 
against local authorities found 
to be discriminating against 


In five of the cases, councils 
were condemned for interven- 

ing in newspaper industrial 
disputes. The Greater London 
Council. Wolverhampton and 
SandwelJ borough councils 
and W rekin District Council 
were found to have obstructed 
the -efforts of newspapers to 
gather news, and Birmingham 
City Council to have withheld 

In a sixth case. Salford City 
Council was criticized by the 
Press Council for trying to use 
its control over local informa- 
tion to influence newspaper 
content The local council had 
objected to a headline and 
article in the West Manchester 

In his introduction to the 
report Sir Zelman Coweo, the 
Press Council chairman, re- 
affirmed that a majority of the 
council believes that news- 
papers should not make 
irrelevent references to the 
race and colour of people 
mentioned in news stories. 

A group of Britain's largest 
housebuilders is pressing 
ahead with proposals for a 
number of new country towns 
in the South-east despite 
increasingly firm indications 
from the Government that it 
is unlikely to allow them. 

Consortium Developments, 
which includes nine of the 
biggest building companies, is 
still wailing for the results of a 
nine-week public inquiry held 
in the spring into the plan fora 
new town for 14.000 people at 
Titiingham Hall, in Essex, on 
green belt land. 

While it hopes that the 
report will at least accept some 
of its arguments on the need 
for such developments in the 
next decode, it is realistic 
about the slight chance of 
approval it stands. 

Mr Nicholas Ridley; Sec- 
retary ofSiaur for the Environ- 
ment, has emphasized more 
than once the Government's 
determination to resist large- 
scale housing developments in 
the South-east. 

The Department of the 
Environment is expected to 
draw up a new planning 
circular giving support to local 
councils on the controversial 

With the next general elec- 
tion in mind, whenever it 
comes, the Government is 
only too aware of the opposi- 
tion from Conservative MP$ 
in the shire counties to such 
developments and is in no 
mood to risk any votes. 

Consortium Developments 
is nevertheless going to make 
its application for the second 
of its new towns. Foxley 
Wood, on the site of the 
Bramshill Plantation, in north 
Hampshire (not green belt 
land), early in the new year. 

carriers to 

It is prepared for another 
long public inquiry to try to 
persuade both the Govern- 
ment and the community or 
the need and desirability of 
the development. 

It is convinced that there 
will be a need for more new 
houses in the area than are 
provided in local and regional 

It argues that a concentra- 
tion of new housing in one 
place, with its infrastructure, 
schools and health facilities, is 
preferable to the policy of 
infill building in existing 
communities which is likely to 
stretch the present social 
structure to the limit. 

Mr Andrew 1 Bennett, exec- 
utive director of Consortium 
Developments, believes that it 
is wrong for his group to be 
leading the arguments because 
of its" admitted self-interest, 
and complains that there is no 
regional policy for the South- 

“Since 1974 the South-east 
has not had dear guidance 
from the Government about 
where things should be allow- 
ed to happen. There has been 
plenty of guidance about re- 
straint and preventing things 
from happening.’* 

He says that the release of 
100-acre sizes is col the solu- 

The proposed town at 
TiMifighsm Hall is on about 
760 acres of agricultural land, 
while at Foxley Wood the plan 
is for up to 4,800 homes for a 
population of 12.000 on a site 
bounded by a belt of trees. 

“W hat we are trying to do is 
quite modest, yet people think 
we are trying io concrete over 
the entire South-east.” Mr 
Bennett said. 

Pop radio 

be tested re-emerge 

The results of a surrey of 
more than 6,000 people in 
Gloucestershire to identify 
carriers of the brain disease, 
meningitis, will be released 
fills week. 

Those identified as carriers 
will be asked to take part in 
farther medical tests as part of 
a continuing inquiry to identify 
the source of the record out- 
break m the Stroud area. 

The South Western Re- 
gional Health Authority said 
that testing of carriers would 
be carried oat in conjunction 
with a control group of non- 

Since 1981, there have been 
more than SO cases of the more 
serums meningococcal menin- 
gitis in the Strond district 

A new radio station identi- 
fying itself as Laser Hot Hits 
began broadcasting from the 
Nonh Sea at the weekend 
(Our Media Correspondent 

The station was transmit- 
ting on 576 kHz in the me- 
dium-wave band. Announcers 
gave a New York address for 
the station. 

Laser Hot Hits is a succes- 
sor station to Radio Laser, 
which went off the air a year 

it is transmitting from the 
motor vessel Communicator. 

The broadcasts contained 
advertisements for the news- 
paper Sunday Sport which has 
been banned from advertising 
on mainland stations. 

‘Ugly racism’ verdict 
on Sun’s pig cartoon 

A cartoon in The .Sim which 

to bang described !raAfabsiKzs 
an ugly piece of racism, the 
Press Council says in a ruling. 

The drawing appeared the day 
after another Press Council 
adjudication which said that the 
use of the phrase “Arab pig” in a 
Sun headline was not racist 
because 'it was meant to refer 
specifically to people who were 
in the Libyan Embassy when a 
policewoman was murdered. 

Bindman & Partners, solic- 
itors, complained to the council 
on behalf of the League of Arab 
Stales — one of five 

Mr Kenneth Donlan, Sun 
managing editor, wrote to com- 
plainants that the canoon was 

not intended as racist or- to 
denigrate Arabs in general. Hie 
newspaper published a brief 

Mr Kelvin MacKenzie. the 
editor, said that Sun cartoons 
were not meant to be s t udied, 
debated or dissected. When that 
happened they took on mean- 
ings and effects which were 
never intended. 

Upholding the complaint, the 
counriJ said: “The newspaper 
has tried to defend the cartoon 
as being intended merely as a 
humorous comment on the 
adjudication. It was no such 
thing. It was a tasteless and 
studiously offensive attack on 
Arabs in general which 
amounted to an ugly piece of 

Roadsides gain 30 million trees and shrubs 

By Rodney Cowl on 
Transport Correspondent 

Thirty million trees and 
shrubs ' have been planted 
alongside trunk roads and 
motorways in Englandand 
Wales since the mid-1960s by 
the Department of Transport 
and the Welsh Office. 

The figure was disclosed 
during National Tree Week, 
last week, by Mr Peter 
Bottom ley. Minister for 
Roads and Traffic. He raid 
that 26 million trees and 
shrubs had been planted since 
1 071. In the current season, 
another 1.3 million would be 

P TheDepartment of Trans- 

non has given £ 100.000 to 

English Heritage to investigate 
or rescue archeological sites 
wbicfnugM be disturbed by 
new road schemes. 

Major roadworks on m0tor ' 
wavs this week: 

London ana 
Mil London: Major road- 

»ort S at Redbridge round- 

jy^f'unr restriction^ 

between junctions 5 and 7 
(Sillingbourne and 

M20 Kent Contraflow be- 
tween junctions 7 and 8 

M27 Hampshire: Contraflow 
near Southampton between 
junctions 2 and 3 (A31 and 
M27I). No westbound exit at 
junction 2 and no westbound 
entry at junction 3 from 

M40 Oxfordshire: Lane clo- 
sures easibound between junc- 
tions 5 and 6 (West Wy- 
com be/Princes Risborough). 
One lane easibound between 
junctions 6 and 7 (Princes 
Risborough and Thame). En- 
try slip road at junction 7 

M275 Hampshire: Construc- 
tion of new flyover between 
M27 intersection and Rud- 
more roundabout, Ports- 

M23 Surrey: Outside lanes 
closed both ways between 
Hooley and Mensthara. 


Ml Nottinghamshire: Lane 
restrictions near junction 28 
(A38 Mansfield). 



M5 Hereford and Worcester: 
Contraflow between junctions 
6 and 8 (Worcester North and 

M50 Hereford and Worcester: - 
Contraflow east of junction 4. 
(A449 Ross-on- Wye).M54 
West Midlands: Lane closures 
between junctions 2 and 7 
(A449 Wolverhampton and 
A5 Wellington). 

M5 West Midlands: Lane 
closures between junctions 5 
and 6 (Raahwood and Want- 
don). . 

North . 

Ml South Yorkshire; Repair 
work between junctions 3) 
and 33 (A57 Worksop and 
A630 Rotherham). Slip road 
closures at junctions 31 and 32 
(Ml 8 Interchange). 

M6 Lancashire: Roadworks at 

junction 23 (Merseyside). 
Contraflow between junctions 
29 and 32 (A6 Preston and 
M55 Interchiuige). 

M18 Sooth Yorkshire: Con- 
traflow between junction 1 
and 2 (Rotherham and 
A1(M)}. Delays likely. 
Contraflow between junctions 
6 and 7 (Thorne and M62). 
Southbound exit and north- 
bound entry slip roads closed 
at junction 6. Delays likely. 
M61 Blacow Bridge, Lan- 
cashire: Construction work at 
M6 interchange. Lane closures 
both directions! 

M63 Greater Manchester 
Major widening at Barton 
Bridge. Restrictions between 
junctions i and 7 (M62 and 
A57). Link road from A34 
junction 10 to M63 north- 
bound carriageway, single lane 
only. Roadworks on north- 
bound carriageway. 

Wales and the West 

M4 Wiltshire: Contraflow be- 
tween junctions 16 and 17 
(Swindon and Chippenham). 
M4 Mid -Glamorgan: Restric- 
tions both directions between 

junctions 34 and 35 (A4I19 
Llanirisant and A473 Brid- 

MS Gloucestershire: 
Contraflow at junction 14 
(Thomburv). Northbound en- 
try slip road closed. 

M5 Avon and Somerset Lane 
closures northbound between 
junctions 20 and 2! (Clevedon 
and A370 Weston-Super- 
Marel. Restrictions between 
junctions 22 and 28 (A38 
Burnham -on-Sea and A573 
Ho niton*. 


M8 Glasgow: Construction 
work between junctions 15 
and 17 (city centre and Dum- 

M9 Stirling: Between junc- 
tions 9 and U. outside lane 
closed on both carriageways. 
MW fife: Contraflow be- 
tween junctions 3 and 4 
(Dunfermline and Kelly) and 
carriageway repairs between 
junctions 5 and 8 (Glenrothes 
and A9l Glenfarg). 

Information compiled and sop- 
plied by AA Road watch. 
Other roadworks, page 16 


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cleaners OF f nf CABre-s estimates free 

Police act on home violence 

The Asbach Story 

Il ci >uld easily lx- argued that Rikxleshcim is the \ 
gdiuway a » that mi >si hcauiiftjl pan of the River Rhine with || 
iis v i nevar Js and cast les ft 

\Yhat is heyi md dispute is it is the I u mte < >1 that /f 
nu >si snughi after German Brandy - Asbach l 'rail, ft >r ir /j 
\\ as here, an mnd the turn i >f the century that Hugi » jm 

Asbach fou tided h is vu »rid fam* »us distil lery r^Ty 

it takes live litres i >1 the finest \\ incs it i produce a ■ 

i me si nglc hi m le « »f Asbach Urait. W'liat il alsi > takes is ” " ** sl 

the family skill in distilling: the maturing in 
I-imt nisin t rak barrels; and i »f o mrsc the blending, 
handed down thi'i nigh general!* >ns. t* » create ihi*. 
si ill. mellow, gt ilden brandy. The after dinner . 
brandy liv.n isn't jiast for after dinner. 

ITisci »ycr it in discerning restaurants and . 
i iff licences, i u c< mic and see us here in Kitedesheim 
I Jh mi \h tnday to mid-day I'ridax li »ra tasting 
ft ir further inti irmaiii m \\ rite u r 
Weinbrennerei. Asbach & G>. ici-’i * Kuedeshcim am - 
Rhein. \\ *tfach 1 l.-ti West i k rmanv : EBfes 


Sir Kenneth Newman, Met- 
ropolitan Police Commis- 
sioner, is amending the goals 
of his force to gfie more 
backing to victims of domestic 
violence. (Our Home Affairs 
Correspondent writes). 

The amendment will be 
made in Sir Kenneth's 1987 
strategic statement, to be 
submitted to the . Home Sec- 
retary, in January. 

The statement- will say that 

the drive for enhanced sup- 
port care and concern for 
victims of crime will now 
include victims of domestic 

Higher priority is also to be 
given to dealing with sexual 
assaults on women. 

But Scotland Yard chiefs 
believe that, intervention in 
domestic violence cases cannot 
be short-term. They think a 

comprehensive monitoring 
system is required to provide 
the action and the support 
needed by such victims. 

Support of that kind would 
be beyond the scope of police i 
alone, in their view. They are j 
looking for a response From 
medical and legal services, the 
probation service, social ser- 
vices and charitable religious 
organizations, as part of the : 
work already being done. 



The <5reat Brandy 


from the Romantic Rhine 




Zimbabwe alert 

as Aids spreads 

Harare (Heater) —The kilter disease Aids has claimed the 
lives of 20 Zimbabweans and many more could die if people 
did not take measures to prevent the spread of the disease, a 
top Health Ministry official said yesterday. 

In an interview published by Zimbabwe’s Sunday Mat, 
the Health Ministry's Permanent Secretary, Dr Office 
Chidede did not say over what period the 20 deaths from 
Aids had occurred, hot health sources said the figure was for 
this year. 

The Zimbabwean Government's previous figure for Aids 
deaths this year was six. 

Dr Chidede said, his ministry would soon launch a 
campaign using posters, (derision and radio advising people 
how to avoid contracting AIDS, for which there is no known 

• CAIRO: The American University in Cairo disclosed that 
professor of Egyptology had contracted Aids and 

returned home to California, after a friend died (Renter 
reports). These were die first reported cases of Aids in 

A spokesman said laboratory tests had confirmed that the 
professor of Egyptology, who arrived here In Angnst, carried 
the virns. 

He said the professor had been living with a friend, also 
American, who died here last month. , 

Football Curfew 



Athens (AJP) — Police 
have arrested a man in 
connection with the killing 
of a 17-year-old football 
fan and the stabbing of 
another daring a weekend 
brawl between supporters 
of opposing teams. 

A police spokesman said 
Nikos Sakkas. a soldier 
aged 20 from Athens, bad 
confessed to the killing on 
Friday night of Giorgos 
Zontos, aged 17, and the 
stabbing of Gerastmos 
Dasios, aged 16, both from 
the capital. 

Colombo (Reuter) — Sri 
Lanakan authorities ex- 
tended for a further 11 
hours yesterday a curfew 
imposed on an eastern 
district where 24 people 
died in comnumal strife. 

Residents said the situa- 
tion was calm after clashes 
between Tamils and Mus- 
lims in Battkaloa district, 
145 miles north-east of 
Colombo. They followed 
the killing of seven Muslim 
home guards and the wife 
and child of a home guard 
in Kathankndy on Friday. 

Struggle for credibility after Tehran arms revelations 

flaws but senators 

Fiw Micliael Binyotu Washii^ton 

Republican congressmen his attempt to reach out to P^^** a 3X^Jo fi^t 

Assad ‘not satisfied’ 

Aba Dhabi (AFP) — President Assad of Syria is 
personally monitoring a secret enquiry into the Hindawi 
affair, which led to Britain breaking off diplomatic relations 
with Damascus, the Abu Dhabi newspaper at- ini had 
reported yesterday. 

Quoting informed diplomatic sources, the paper said that 
the Syrian leadership was not satisfied with the conduct in 
the affair of the Syrian ambassador to London, Mr Lotfalteh 

According to the paper, the Syrian authorities are not 
happy that Mr 1 

Haidar failed to alert the British authorities 
to the identity and motives of Nezar Hindawi, who was jailed 
for 45 years ou October 24 for attempting to plant a bomb on 
an Israeli airliner at London's Heathrow airport 

have warmly welcomed Presi- 
dent Reagan's admission over 
the weekend that mistakes 
were made in the Iran arms 
deal and his promise to set 
thing s right 

Senator Robert Dole, the 
Senate Republican leader, said 
the public admission would go 
a long way in laying to rest 
some of the criticism. “It will 
help his credibility with the 
American people." 

But Senator Paul Laxait a 
close friend of Mr Reagan, 
urged the President yesterday 
to get all the information out 
in the open as fast as possible 
to prevent new disclosures by 
the media. 

He also called on him to 
summon Vice-Admiral JoHn 
Poindexter, the former Na- 
tional Security Adviser, and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Oliver 
North, his dismissed assistant, 
and ask them directly what 
had actually happened. 

Democratic leaders contin- 
ued over the weekend to 
criticize the arms decision. 

And Mr Thomas O'Neill, 
the retiring House Speaker, 
said in an interview to be 
published tomorrow that he 
believed President Reagan 
knew about the possible illegal 
diversion of profits from the 
arms sales to the Contras. 

In his weekly radio address 
from Camp David, Mr Rea- 
gan adopted an apologetic 
tone. He was “deeply dis- 
appointed" that the Iran ini- 
tiative had caused such a 

He “regretted.” he said, the 
concern and consternation it 
had caused the public, and 
added: “I pledge to you, I will 
set things right. That’s what I 
am doing now." 

Saying he wanted to share 
some personal thoughts and 
speak to the American people 
"from the heart,” be defended 

'responsible moderates" in 
Iran. But he said: “It's obvious 
that the execution of these 
policies was flawed and mis- 
takes were made.” 

He did not specify what 
flaws were made or who was 
responsible. And be stopped 
short of saying he had actually 
made a mistake. However, his 
tone was markedly changed 
from his earlier defiance on 
the issues. 

“Let me just say it was not 
my intent to do business with 
Khomeini, to trade weapons 
for hostages, nor to undercut 
our policy of anti-terrorism." 
He promised that if actions in 
implementing the policy were 
taken without his authoriza- 
tion, knowledge or concur- 
rence, this would be exposed 
and corrective steps taken. 

“We live in a country that 
requires that we operate 
within rules and laws — all of 
us. Just cause and deep con- 
cern and noble ends can never 
be reason enough to justify 
improper actions or excessive 
means," be concluded. 

But in a fiercely-worded 
reply, recorded before Mr 
Reagan's address was broad- 
cast Mr O'Neill urged him to 
admit the decision to sell arms 
to Tran was wrong. “The 
American people did not build 
this country to wbal it is today 
so that the arsenal of democ- 
racy would become the arsenal 
of the Ayatollah. Paying trib- 
ute to terrorists is the one sure 
way to keep them killing." 

It was time the President 
said that sending weapons of 
death to Iran was a “terrible 
decision" that must never be 

“President Reagan must do 
more than try and distance 
himself from such decisions. 
He must condemn them. 
America is not a country 
where leaders can raise a 

wars.” Mr O'Neill concluded 

Meanwhile, Justice Depart- 
ment investigators have been 
sent to Switzerland to exam- 
ine bank records to find out 
what happened to the funds 
from the Iran arms sale. The 
Department has asked the 
Swiss Government to co- 
operate in the investigation 
and to freeze an account. 

Administration ofiicafs said 
at the weekend that Brunei, 
the oil-rich state in South-East 
Asia, had agreed in the sum- 
mer to a State Department 
request to help the Contra s, 
and had contributed several 
million dollars to the Swiss 
bank account run by Colonel 

The contribution was 
apparently initiated by Mr 
Elliott Abrams, the assistant 
Secretary of Stare for Inter- 
American affairs. He refused 
to comment w hen asked about 
his role. 

But .Administration sources 
insisted that the State 
Department's action was legal, 
and followed congressional 
authorization to the Depart- 
ment to solicit humanitarian 
donations to the Contras from 
foreign governments, after 
congressional approval last 
year for $27 million (£18.9 
milli on) in humanitarian aid. 

Senior Republicans con- 
tinue to put pressure on Mr 
Reagan to dismiss his un- 
popular White House chief of 
staff! Mr Donald Regan. Sen- 
ator Laxait said yesterday Mr 
Reagan still believed that Mr 
Regan was doing the kind of 
job the President wonted. But 
he said Mr Regan had to ask 
himself whether his presence 
in the White House was help- 
ing the Admiristratica. The 
US national interest had to 
come above any personal 
ambition. Mr Lar.alt insisted. 
Conor Cruise O'Brien, page £2 

jJWr-T";;.* a-.-..-. 

Iran takes 


on Basra 

Colonel North leaving his home in Great Falls, Virginia, 
with his daughters on their way to church yesterday. 

19 die in 
bus crash 

Over to 

Ankara (Renter) — Nine- 
teen people were killed and 
66 injured when a bus and a 
lorry collided head-on in 
the town on Izmit in north- 
west Turkey yesterday. 

The bus was carrying 
relatives of a bride to her 
wedding in the town. 

Delhi (AFP) -The Con- 
gress (Socialist), a major 
Indian opposition group, is 
to merge with Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi’s Congress at a 
convention in Aurangabad 
on Monday, eight years 
after it split from the ruling 

Tributes to Youde 

Over 27,000 people at all races and walks of life signed 
condolence books yesterday at government offices in 
different parts of Hong Kong to honour Sir Edward Youde, 
tire former Governor, who died last Friday In Peking (David 
Bonaiia writes). 

Sir Edward's body lay in state at Government House and 
arrangements are bring made for the public to pay their last 
respects. Some Chinese people who signed were openly 
weeping, perhaps as a mark of respect for Sir Edward's 
known probity and devotion to his work. - 

A 17-gun salute will be fired on Tuesday when the late 
Governor's remains are borne to St John's Cathedral in a 
full-scale military faneral the coffin resting on a gun- 
carriage. Two thonsaad soldiers and police will supervise 
security, and the cortege will be led and brought up by 506 
Servicemen of all branches. 

Lady Youde will accompany the cortege together with 500 
prominent citizens. After the Amend servtee, with eulogies 
read % senior British and Cantonese government officials, 
the coffin will be taken for private cremation at Cape 
CoUinson on the eastern tip of Hong Kong is bud. 

London EEC summit: controversy avoided but no sense of failure 

Leaders sidestep problem of food glut 

By Andrew McEwen 
Diplomatic Correspondent 
As Europe’s heads of 
government wound up the 
two-day EEC summit in 
‘London, the most telling com- 
ment came from Signor 
Bettino ■ Craxi, the Italian 
Prime Minister “Issues kick- 
ed out of the door come back 
through the window.” 

His sideswipe at the 
meeting's Mure to confront 
the two main issues - soaring 
ioqd. jRfoductioD and dwin- 
dling resources to fund it — 
echoed a widely shared con- 
sensus that Europe cannot 
afford further delay. 

Mrs Thatcher had intended 
that the 13 (12 government 
beads, plus President Mitter- 
rand of France) should order 
the agriculture ministers to 
stop dithering and cut produc- 
tion. That was too much for 
the West Germans, anxious 
not to alienate Bavarian fann- 
ers just before January’s gen- 
eral election. 

Without the political im- 

petus they had expected, the 
12 term ministers meeting 
today in Brussels have little 
hope of agreeing on cuts in 
dairy and beef production. 
Their last effort on November 
18 was deadlocked. 

The directly linked problem 
of an imminent EEC financial 
crisis stemming from the costs 
of the common agricultural 
policy was debated. With 
about one million tons of milk 
powder, 1.5 million ions of 
butter and 600,000 tons of 
beef in EEC intervention 
warehouses, storage alone 
costs more than £3.5 m a day. 

M Jacques Defers, president 
of the European Commission, 
warned that the EEC budget, 
financed by automatic contri- 
butions of 1 .4 per cent of each 
nation's VAT receipts, would 
run dry within months. 

The summit decided that M 
Delors should tour EEC cap- 
itals to discuss options. This 
put off a decision until after 
the German election but 
brought a solution no nearer. 

Mr Andreas Papandreou. the 
Greek Prime Minister, point- 
ed out that there were only 
two choices — increase the 
VAT limit or scale down the 
CAP. Both involve major 
political difficulties. 

British determination to fo- 
cus on less controversial is- 
sues led President Mitterrand 
to describe it as “a summit 
between two capital dec- 
isions”. When this was put to 
Mis Thatcher she replied: 
“Let me tdl you something 
about important decisions. 
They have to be turned into 
practical effect - the one is no 
good without the other — and 
we have been doing the 

The only real controversy 
emerged in the drafting of the 
final communique. The orig- 
inal version strongly reflected 
the British Government’s eco- 
nomic priorities and W 2 S 
considerably toned down. 

Dr Garret FitzGerald, the 
Irish Prime Minister, and Mr 
Papandreou led efforts to 

reduce emphasis on free enter- 
prise and business in favour of 
a more Keynesian economic 
view. Although Dr FitzGerald 
expressed satisfaction that he 
had altered :hc balance, the 
re-ult was no: out of line with 
British poh.y. 

Britain's less affluent Euro- 
pean partners managed to 
sprinkle the word “cohesion" 
through the communique, and 
Dr FitzGerald said that from 
sow on ii would influence all 
Community decisions. If he is 
right, the effect would be to 
step up the transfer of wealth 
from richer to poorer EEC 

Tie main themes of Mrs 
Thatcher’s presidency — help- 
ing small and medium busi- 
nesses by cutting red iape..and 
breaking down trade terriers: 
increasing co-operation on 
terrorism, drugs and Aids — 
survived in the final draft. 
However, an attempt to raise 
the VAT threshold for small 
businesses was replaced by 
vaguer wording 

assault on 

sees it the 

mountains Greek way 

From Our Correspondent 

US private 
pilots fly 
into crisis 

By Harvey Elliott 
Air Correspondent 

• America’s 311,000 private 
1 pilots are facing a twin crisis of 
-spiralling costs and public 
' antagonism which is threaten- 
ing to force many of them 
' from the skies. 

As a public hearing got 
under way in Los Angeles last 
week into the mid-air collision 
between an Aeromexico DC 9 
and a single-engined Piper, in 
which 82 people died, the 
: Aircraft Owners and Pilots 
Association mounted a big 
campaign to try to stem a 
growing tide of criticism of 
private pilots who. it is 
claimed, are endangering co- 
mmercial flights. 

Americans have tradition- 
ally regarded the freedom to 
fly where and when they want 
in their own private aircraft as 
a fundamental right. But re- 
cent incidents, including the 
collision in August over Cerri- 
tos, have aroused public 
antagonism against them and 
led to tougher controls over 
them by the Federal Aviation 
Administration (FAA). 

Tbe pilots say ihey are faced 
with a threefold increase in 
insurance premiums, mas- 
sively increased landing fees, 
greater restrictions on the 
areas in which they can fly, 
and regulations demanding 
that they fit costly and sophis- 
ticated instruments on board 
their aircraft. 

On Friday the FAA said it 
was considering new rules to 
subject pilots of some pas- 
senger-carrying small aircraft 
to random drug tests. 

Since 1980 the number of 
private pilots has shrunk by 1 3 
per cent, and hours flown are 
down 12 per cent with fewer 
people learning to fly each 

Old and new unite to save children 

UN gives Nepalese witch 
doctors a helping hand 

A diagnosis was considered 
superfluous- The pain in tbe 
boy’s abdomen could have 
been as innocuous as a stom- 
ach cramp or as serious as a 
burst appendix. 

The faith healer's treatment 
encompassed either. A small 
man. even by the standards of 
the squat Nepalese mountain 
people, he carried a double- 
sided tambourine with a han- 
dle protruding from its side, 
like a curious frying pan. 

Using a curved stick he beat 
an urgent double rhythm as he 
danced around his patient, 
goading him with a ceaseless 

As the boy clutched his 
stomach and writhed slowly 
with pain, the faith healer took 
a couple of sticks wrapped in 
wet rags and lit them from a 
thick wick floating in a jar of 
yellowish oil 

He waved them around the 
boy's trunk and then along his 
own body before dosing his 
mouth over the flames and ex- 
tinguishing them. 

Almost , at once tbe pain 
vanished, the boy nibbed his 
stomach, smiled and rose to 
his feeL 

A miraculous cure? Hardly. 
The incident was a re-enact- 
ment staged for tourists. 

The real event, in the 
remote villages of the Himala- 
yan highlands, is a hidden 
affair not often practised be- 
fore heathen eyes and not so 
routinely successful as the 
actors would have us believe. 

Nepal has almost 16 million 
peasant fanners who live in 
inaccessible mountain coun- 
try unserved by a single 

There are only 600 qualified 
doctors to service the popula- 

From Paul Valiety, Katmandu 
lion of about 52 million 

What it does have are dha- 
mis and jhankris, the two 
types of faith healer or witch 
doctor who are estimated to 
number as many as 400.000 
and who minister in that grey 
area where the spiritual and 
physical overlap. 

Unconnected and with no 
organizational structure, the 
dnamis and jhankris pass 
down their powers and tech- 
niques from generation to gen- 

In these primitive moun- 
tain lands, their influence is 

It transcends the caste 
restrictions which fix the rural 
areas in their ancient ways and 
run into fields like herbal and 
ayurvedic medicine. 

But in some cases their 
medical folklore can be 

In the monsoon season in 
June, when as many as 1 1,000 
Nepalese children die daily 
from diarrhoea! diseases, tbe 
local dhami or jhankri can be 
consulted by as many as a 
dozen mothers every day 
whose children are in the grips 
of the fatal dehydration cycle. 

Their traditional advice is 
that liquid should be withheld 
with the fetal logic that this 
will dry up the diarrhoea. 

In fact, the child dehydrates 
and dies. 

It was a Save the Children 
Fund field worker in Nepal 
Mr Ramji Dhakal. who first 
had the idea of trying to 
convert the widespread mem- 
bers of this ancient calling to a 
more modern medical wis- 

Earlier attempts to harness 
the foith healers were unsuc- 
cessful, but they had been bas- 

ed on extensive training 
courses which demanded too 
much of the uneducated parti- 
cipants and the featured fami- 
ly planning, which was alien to 
many of the indigenous philo- 

But Mr Dhakal ’s most re- 
cent approach has been on the 
issue of Oral Rebydration 
Therapy (ORT). 

Unicef has produced hun- 
dreds of thousands of lami- 
nated leaflets the size of 
playing cards which carry a 
colourful picture of one of the 
Nepalese Hindus’ favourite 
goddesses, Durgha. one of the 
incarnations of Kali. 

On the reverse side is the 
formula for the home-made 
version of oral rebydration 
salts (a mixture of salt, sugar 
and water) which, if generally 
used, could halve the infant 
deaths from diarrhoea. 

“It seems to . be a great 
success. The dhami-jhankris 
use the card as a display item 
for their ritual offers," said Mr 
George McBean, tbe Unicef 
field officer responsible for 
distributing the cards. 

"There are indications that 
they are taking on board the 
message on the back. After all 
they are shrewd enough to 
realize that the more children 
they can cure, the better it is 
for their standing locally. 

“The card makes it seem 
that ORT is their therapy 
rather than an alien Western 

to limit 
‘dirty war’ 

From Eduardo Cue 
Buenos Aires 


The card’s message is essen- 
tially visual, because only 26 
per cent of the population is 
(iterate and only 6 per cent of 
mothers can read or write. 

Unicef is also having the 
card is also being distributed 
by Boy Scouts, youth groups 
and policemen. 

In one of the most controver- 
sial initiatives of his three- 
year-old Government, Presid- 
ent Alfocsin of Argentina has 
sent Congress a Bill that 
would limit farther prosecu- 
tion of military officers accus- 
ed of human rights violations 
to those cases where indict- 
ments can be returned within 
60 days of the tow's approval 

The proposed measure 
would allow only 30 days to 
bring fresh deumdations 
against military officers before 
the Supreme Council of Mili- 
tary Justice. 

Failure to meet the dead- 
lines would mean pending 
cases against officers accused 
of kidnapping and torture 
would be closed forever. 

The proposal does not in- 
clude cases involving children 
who were kidnapped by see* 
urity forces along with their 
parents and whose legal status 
Is in limbo. .Also excluded are 
officers who have already been 
indicted and whose cases are 
awaiting triaL 

Legal observers said tbe 
proposal will give prosecutors 
as long as sex months in which 
to bring new cases before the 
courts because Congress could 
delay action mtO March. 

The 60-day limit could be 
further extended by the leg- 
islature for 30 days to appease 
the human rights organiza- 
tions, which have expressed 
outrage at the derision. 

“The defeat of this tew 
would be a very serious blow to 
the Government,” remarked a 
well-informed source, who 
said the military had exercised 
pressure on the civilian 
authorities over the issue. 

President Alfonsin; 
from the armed 

“They can't produce a coup 
d’etat today, but I don't know 
that they cannot do it two 
years from bow." 

President Alfonsin said on 
Friday night that an end to the 
trials must be envisaged, “in 
order to prevent suspicious 
from looming indefinitely over 
members of the security and 
armed forces". 

In what appeared to be a 
well co-ordinated action de- 
signed to appease public opin- 
ion and help the Biff's chances 
in Congress, Brigadier-Gen- 
eral Teodoro Walduer, the 
chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
of Staff, admitted for the first 
time on Saturday that the 
Argentine military had corn- 
mined serious mistakes in its 
war against terrorism. 

“We must recognize that the 
characteristics of that fight led 
os to adopt methods of such 
violence that we can doubt 
their legality," General Wald- 
ner told the 379 members of 
the graduating class of the 
National Military School. 
“Hie violation of basic human 
rights cso sever be, and has 
never been, the objective of an 
Argentine military officer, 
even in conditions of combat." 

.Among his listeners was 
Sub-Lieutenant Alberto 
Camps, whose father, retired 
General Juan Bastes Camps, 
was sentenced to 25 years in 
jail last Tuesday after haring 
heed convicted in 73 torture 

The starting pistols are 
cocked in Brussels for a 72- 
hour negotiating marathon, as 
EEC agriculture ministers at- 
tempt to deal with the butter 
and beef mountains. 

More than most marathons, 
this is a race against time as 
well as a test of endurance. For 
the reputation of Britain's 
presidency of the EEC rests on ■ 
agreement before Belgium 
takes over the chair in 

After six months as presi- 
dent of the EEC Agriculture 
Council and in the wake of a 
London summit that wholly 
failed to address the problem. 
Mr Michael Jopling, Britain's 
Agriculture Minister, now has 
one last chance to salvage 
reform of the common agri- 
cultural policy. 

Before he closes ihe meet- 
ing, Mr Jopling has to find an 
EEC consensus on the best 
way to cut milk production by 
9.5 million tonnes. 

He has tbe choice of cutting 
production quotas and inc- 
reasing the fines for over- 
production, or making smaller 
cuts in quotas and turning the 
existing fines into a genuine 
deterrent to over-production. 
The latter course involves 
curbing the power of the 
dairies, including Britain’s 
milk marketing boards, to 
manage milk policy. 

At the same meeting, he 
must get his European col- 
leagues to agree on ways to 
reduce EEC support for sur- 
plus beef production, and 
measures to stop the lamb war 
between Britain and France 
without disadvantage to Brit- 
ish formers. 

The Prime Minister has 
discouraged Turkish hopes for 
early membership of the EEC, 
while at the same time restat- 
ing British support for tbe 
reunification of Cyprus (.An- 
drew McEwen writes). 

Although she did not link 
the issues directly, Mrs 
Thatcher’s strong views fos- 
tered Greek hopes that White- 
hall wfil help Athens to hold 
Ankara at hay while Cyprus 
remains divided. 

Speaking after the summit 
meeting, Mrs Thatcher said 
that many EEC states would 
prefer to adjust to the recent 
enlargement of the Commu- 
nity to include Spain and 
Portugal before considering a 
Turkish application. 

This will be a blow to 
Ankara, which has announced 
that it is preparing a member- 
ship application after the 
EEC's refusal to honour an 
agreement to allow Turkish 
workers free movement within 
tbe EEC. 

Mrs Thatcher also stressed 
Britain's concern that Cyprus 
should cot remain perma- 
nently divided. 

She had made the same 
points at a private meeting 
with Mr Andreas Papandreou, 
the Greek Prime Minister, 
who told her that any solution 
which fell short of total with- 
drawal of Turkish troops 
would be rejected by Athens. 

British linking, even by 
implication, of tbe Cyprus and 
EEC issues would be a major 
advantage for Athens. Sus- 
picion has been expressed 
openly that most EEC nations 
are anxious to delay Turkish 
membership, for us fans as 
possible* but are also con- 
cerned not to be seen blocking 
Ankara's path. 

What the 13 summit 


Bahrain (Reuter) - Iran 
fired three ground-to-ground 
missiles into the Iraqi city of 
Basra yesterday as pan of 
promised reprisals for civilian 
deaths in Iraqi air raids. 

Tehran radio said that the 
Iranian Air Force hit five 
targets as far apart as 
Amaoiyah. near Iraq's nonh- 
em border with Turkey, and 
Kut. 100 miles south-east of 


Then? was no immediate 

confirmation from Iraqi auth- 
orities of the missile strikes 
Basra residents said that the 
city was under heavy bom- 
bardment. but could not pro- 
vide casually or damage 

Basra's one million people 
are accustomed to bombard- 
ment by Iranian, heavy guns 
positioned about 15 miles to 
the east across the Slum al- 
Arab waterway, but this was 
the first time missile attacks 
had been reported. 

Baghdad has been bit by 
missiles several times, most 
recently on November 26. 
when officials said S3 people 
were killed. 

Iran had promised retal- 
iatory attacks for 48 hours 
starting on Saturday night 
after reporting “barbaric" 
Iraqi air raids on its south- 
western city of Ahvaz, where it 
said more than 100 civilians 
were killed, and other areas. 

The Iranian Foreign Min- 
ister, Mr Ali Akbar Velyaii, 
asked the UN Secretary-Gen- 
eral Senor Javier Perez de 
Cuellar, to send a repre- 
sentative to Ahvaz to see the 
devastation there. 

The Iraqi Information Min- 
ister, Mr Nassif al-Jassem. de- 
nied that Iraqi aircraft had 
raided civilian areas, saying 
the strikes were directed 
against “targets used by the 
Tehran regime to continue its 
aggressions against Iraq”. 

A military spokesman said 
later ihai Iraqi planes attacked 
a “large naval forget" — Bagh- 
dad's usual term for an oil 
tanker — off the Iranian coast 

negotiators agreed 

Other points from the EEC 
summit meeting in London: 

O Japan was urged to open its 
markets to EEC imports in 
order to reduce a massive and 
growing trade imbalance. 
Reduction of the barriers 
against Scotch whisky is to be 
treated as a test of Japan's 

• The meeting requested 
states to lift objections, thus 
allowing the last four of a 
package of 13 interna] market 
measures which were spon- 
sored by Whitehall to be 
approved. This would bring to 
36 the barriers to free trade 
removed under the British 
presidency. Standardization 
in the fields of information 
technology and telecommuni- 
cations was given special 

to a related item, the sum- 
mit members called for a 
special effort to agree stan- 
dards which would allow mo- 
bile telephones to operate 
everywhere throughout the 

The British 

campaign for 

greater competition between 
airlines was echoed, without 
mentioning lower air fares. 

© The summit meeting called 
tor decisions next year to 
allow freer movements of 
capital, open up the financial 
services and insurance mar- 
ket. and five other items. 
®.The social affairs ministers 
ol the 12 EEC nations, who 
will meet this week, were 
urged to adopt an action 
programme on training, self- 
employment and job creation. 

• A three-point plan to com- 
bat terrorism was agreed. 

• The interior ministers of the 
Twelve were urged to concert 
extraduton arrangements, and 
•o bring into line criteria for 
grammg visas to non-EEC 

?X U ? er co-operation u> 
ngni drugs was agreed. 

© 1 989 was designated Euro- 
pean Cancer Information 

• car. 

campaign on Aids are to 

w co-ordinated. 


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Hooded gunmen shoot 
civilians as Lebanon’s 
war of camps drags on 

From Juan Carlos Gmnncio, Cboou&ti Lebanon 

Ireland to 

War had begun u> become a 
distant a flair for the people of 
this village of stone houses 
and orchards straggling up the 
Druze-conirolled hills south- 
east of Beirut. From their 
flower-decked balconies res- 
idents could watch without 
nsk the flashes of explosions 
and the pillars of smoke rising 
from the Chatilla and Bouij el- 
Barajneh Palestinian refugee 

Things changed suddenly 
on Thursday night While 
Palestinian guerrillas and Shia 
Muslim Amal forces fought 
■ savage battles a few miles 
away, hooded gunmen stor- 
med the small house of a 
Palestinian family and killed 
six people in a hail of auto- 
matic gunfire. Four women 
and two children died as they 
watched television. 

Mrs Hayat Abdul Raouf, 
.aged 21. one of three people 
who survived by hiding in the 
.kitchen, said that she heard 
one gunman shout as he fired: 
“See your children die . . . ” 

PLO spokesmen in Beirut 
accused Amal of the “new 
massacres" and Amal. which 
claims it has strict orders to 
protect Palestinian civilians, 
blamed “Israeli agents” seek- 
ing to provoke more violence. 

There was also speculation 
here that the attack sought to 

draw the Druzc militia into 
the fighting. 

“No one really knows who 
did iu and no one ever will” a 
Druse doctor said. 

As the “war of the camps” 
drags on in a sequence of 
ceasefire agreements and fresh 
banks in Beirut, the hills cast 
of Sidon and in the outskirts 
of Tyre, the conflict is spread- 
ing in a sordid, brutal way that 
illustrates how hatred is again 
running out of control in Leb- 

There are reports of kid- 

Tbe Palestine Liberation Or- 
ganization mil seek Arab gua- 
rantees ensuring an end to the 
“camps war” in Lebanon at an 
emergency meeting of Arab 
League foreign ministers to- 
day (Reuter reports from 

nappings and killings of civil- 
ians by both sides that arc 
virtually impossible to verify. 
The only evidence are the 
gunshot-riddled bodies that 
arc found in streets and roads. 

The situation inside Bei- 
rut's camps remains a riddle, 
since radio communication 
slopped a few days ago. 

The hospital in Chatilla is 
said to have been hit, but is 
still functioning. According to 
Palestinian sources, the num- 
ber of wounded treated there 
is 167. 

Israel unrest spreads 

Tear gas used to 
scatter students 

From David Bernstein, Jerusalem 

Unrest continued through- 
out the West Bank during the 
weekend, spreading yesterday 
to the campus of the Hebrew 
University in Jerusalem, 
where police fired tear gas (a 
disperse opposing demonstra- 
tions by Arab and Jewish 

Three students were taken 
to hospital after the gas at- 
tack. provoking a strong pro- 
test from the Students' Associ- 
ation at the unprecedented use 
of tear gas on the camp ns. A* 
university spokesman said the 
police were called in after 
security staff on the campus 
feared that the protest might 
■become violent. 

Similar demonstrations at 
the Haifa and Tel Aviv univer- 
sities, also called to protest 
about the killing fey Israeli 
security forces of two Palesthi 
tan students at Bir Zeit Uni- 
versity last Thursday, passed 
off without incident 

The Bir Zeit killings have 
sparked off a wave of violence 
on a scale not known in the oc- 
cupied territories for at least 
five years. No farther deaths 
have been reported since the 
lulling of a Palestinian boy. 
aged 14, at Batata refugee 
-camp near Nablus on Friday. 

Two Israeli buses were 
stoned in east Jerusalem yes- 
terday morning and the driver 
of one was hart by flying glass. 

Israeli troops were stoned and 
roadblocks were set np outside 
several refugee camps to the 
West Bank. 

Soldiers fired in the air to 
disperse demonstrators at 
Bethlehem and the nearby 
Dehaisbe refugee camp. East 
Jerusalem and the West 
towns of Ramallah and 
reh were paralysed by 
total strikes yesterday. 

Israeli officials have tried to 
{day down the significance of 
the latest violence, chiming 
that, while it is on a larger 
scale than in recent years, the 
situation is trader control and 
does not warrant a review of 
Israel's policy in the occupied 

“We have absolutely no in- 
tention of changing oar poli- 
cy,” the co-ordinator of Israeli 
activities to the ocrapied terri- 
tories, Mr Shranel Gonen, 
said. He attributed the latest 
rarest to last week's annivers- 
ary of the 1947 United Na- 
tions partition plan for Pal- 
estine, traditionally a day of 
heightened tension in the oc- 
cupied areas; the fierce fight- 
ing between Palestinians and 
Sma Muslims in Lebanon; and 
the trilling of the Bir Zeit 

The situation in the occu- 
pied territories was discussed 
yesterday at the weekly Cabi- 
net meeting. 

' set to take 
Fraga role 

From Richard Wigg 

Serior Miguel Herrero de 
Mihon, a constitutional law- 
yer from Madrid, has been 
Eivcn the chance to succeed 
"Senor Manuel Fraga, who 
stepped down last week as 
.' leader of Spain's conserv- 

He is expected to be elected 
-leader of the parliamentary 
partv of the Popular .Alliance 

• tomorrow, which would a u to- 
pically make him leader of 

the Opposition. 

— The party, made up of 
former supporters of the 
Franco regime and more moa- 
em-minded conservative ele- 
ments, declined, however, at a 
two-dav meeting of the iead " 
ship at the weekend to rush 
!he P fundamental decision 
about who will lead the chal- 

• lenge to the ruling Socialists in 
the 1990 general election. 

Senor Herrero. aged 

~ures in Parliament, tf J ar *K!£ 
teforS end of Mari', 


Geraroo d ^j 
continue" 1 until then as ** 


down is lhe .* n . h t 1 4^0 elec- 

UlC Ch 'f"Sor Adolfo Suarez. 

non of bene J ; ,• lhe centre 

formerly !ef d r o which be- 

Dcmocraa> fore me 

gan to dis> nie ^J® j n0W lead- 
(0S2 election, and no 

once a 

Centre' JfT 

member could n a , wllll 

self in elecAorsi 


finds job 
for critics 

From Roger Boyes 

General Wojciech Jaruzel- 
ski, the Polish leader, has ap- 
pointed an advisory council, 
including several dozen critics 
of the authorities, in an at- 
tempt at an experiment in 
loyal opposition. 

Almost 60 people were no- 
minated to the council, 
including academics, econom- 
ists, government advisers, Ro- 
man Catholics and Mr 
Wladyslaw Sila-Nowicki, for- 
mer adviser to Solidarity. 

The council is an acid test of 
General Jaruzel ski’s stratej 
which began in Sepieml 
with an amnesty, to widen the 
Government's political base. 

The idea has three elements. 
First, it provides a safety valve 
for discontent at a time when 
prices are again set to rise and 
yet more economic austerity 
measures are on the way. Sec- 
ond. it is an attempt to split 
the opposition into “ realists” 
— those who will talk to the 
authorities — and “extrem- 
ists” who are henceforth con- 
fined to the political strato- 

Finally, it is hoped the 
council may lure the United 
States into accepting that there 
is a dialogue between the lead- 
ers and the led in Poland and 
convince the Administration 
to lift economic sanctions 
against Warsaw. 

However, most prominent 
Catholic intellectuals asked to 
join the group refused, main- 
taining that the authorities 
had foiled to ensure its inde- 

There is a notable absence 
of workers on the council 
The only well-known Solidar- 
ity activist was Mr Jan Kulaj, 
the former leader of Rural Sol- 
idarity, the outlawed indepen- 
dent farmers’ union. Most 
Solidarity leaders regard Mr 
K.ulaj as a rather com- 
promised figure. 

Reliable sources say that at 
least 44 houses owned by- 
Palestinians have been set on 
tire or razed near the refugee’ 
camps oi'cl-Buss and Bouij d- 
Shcmali, near Tyre, in the past 
two weeks. 

The sources estimate that 
Amal has arrested nearly 800 
Palestinian men from those 
camps and from Rashidiyeh, 
which has been under Amal 
siege for over two months. 

One relief worker said that 
in some cases the arrests 
••saved lives" by preventing 
Palestinians from being cap- 
tured by gangs of merciless 
Amal militiamen. Amal. ac- 
cording lo that source, is 
“genuinely embarrassed by 
some excesses committed by 
unruly elements, but there is 
little it can do”. 

Another source said: “Lead- 
ers on both sides have long 
lost control over their own 
men. Since 'the war has 
touched so many families in 
the refugee camps and in 
almost every Shia Muslim 
village of southern Lebanon, 
there are increasing numbers 
of shebab (boys) with Kal- 
ashnikovs eager to settle 
scores in personal vendettas.” 

Attempts by Syria lo end a 
war which has already claimed 
nearly 550 lives in nine weeks 
have collapsed one after 

in Unifil 

By Onr Foreign Staff 

Ireland's Defence .Minister, 
Mr Paddy OTuok, said yes- 
terday that the Government in 
Dublin would have to took 
“very seriously” ai its involve- 
ment in the UN's Lebanon 
peacekeeping force after the 
death there yesterday of an 
Irish soldier. 

William O’Brien, aged 25, 
was killed while on checkpoint 
doty. He was the 20th member 
of the Irish contingent to die in 

Private O'Brien died after 
machine-^ un fire was aimed at 
his position from a location 
controlled by a militia group 
thar has Israeli backing. 

The incident prompted an 
overnight protest to (be Israeli 
authorities by the Irish For- 
eign Minister. Mr Peter 
Barry, who highlighted the 
“profound concern” in Dublin 
over whai had happened. 

Mr O'Toole, who is due to 
make a pre-Christmas visit to 
Lebanon this week, said the 
main problem facing Irish 
troops was that they were 
unable to carry out their 
mandate becanse Israel conti- 
nued to occupy a part of the 

He said: "If at any dice we 
feel the risk to oar troops is 
such that it is unwarranted to 
be there, we would have no 
hesitation in withdrawing, but 
it wcnld be done eo consulta- 
tion with the Unitird Nations 

A Palestinian adjusting his 120 mm mortar outside Sidon dining tbe latest Iran-sponsored 
ceasefire between the Shia Muslim Amal militia and Palestinian guerrillas. 

in Malta 
brings a 

From Austin Sammut 

Malta's opposition Nat- 
ionalist Party has blamed pro- 
government Socialist sup- 
porters for the killing of One of 
its supporters on Friday nighL 
The leader of the Opposi- 
tion. Dr Eddie Fenech Adami, 
said his party was determined 
to see that justice was done, 
and declared that, if the 
responsible authorities did not 
sec to this. Malta would 
“plunge over the precipice." 

Thousands of people took 
pan in the funeral yesterday of 
Raymond Garuana, aged 25, 
who was killed when the 
Nationalist Party club in the 
village of Gudja was hit by 
machine-gun fire from a pass- 
ing car. No incidents were 
reported at the funeral. 

The killing was condemned 
bv the Cabinet at an emer- 
gency meeting on Saturday. 
The' ruling Malta labour 
Party also condemned iu as 
did the Archbishop of Malta. 
Mgr Joseph Memeca. 

This is the first political 
murder in Maltese history and 
comes at a time of unprece- 
dented violence. On Novem- 
ber 30 street clashes between 
government and Nationalist 
supporters left many people 

The fallowing day another 
Nationalist Party club, which 
was dosed at the time, came 
under machine-gun fire. 

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South African press controls 

Journalists face tighter 
restrictions and 
self-censorship demand 

From Michael Hornsby. Johannesburg 

South Africa’s press appears 
to be fighting a losing bank to 
ward off further cunts on its 
already severely curtailed free- 
dom. Political and civil rights 
activists say they fear that a 
harsh new clacopdown on op- 
position to the Government is 

Editors and executives of 
the main newspapers are to 
meet today, according to in- 
formed press sources, to pre- 
pare for a crucial encounter 
tomorrow with a Cabinet 
committee headed by Mr 
Chris Heunis, Minister of 
Constitutional Development 
and Planning. 

Pretoria is expected to press 
at that meeting for agreement 
on a stringent code of self- 
censorship, with the implied 
threat ihati if this “voluntary" 
approach is rejected, the Gov- 
ernment will itself impose 
even harsher measures. 

Journalists' unions and 
opposition and civil rights 
groups are already accusing 
newspaper managements of 
having capitulated cravenly to 
the Government, but the press 
owners say that they are fight- 
ing a desperate rearguard ac- 
tion to preserve as much free- 
dom as possible in difficult 

Under the headline “Closer 
to tyranny", a rare front-page 
comment in bold type in The 
Sunday Suit of Johannesburg 
declared yesterday that “the 
press is fighting for its life" 
and called on “all citizens to 
be vocal and visible about 
their rights in coming weeks". 

The press, including foreign 
newspapers, radio and tele- 
vision based here, has been 

operating under severe re- 
strain L. particular^ in its 
reporting of civil unrest and 
police action, since a state of 
emergency was declared on 
June 12. But it appears that 
the Government wants still 
lighter control. 

One theory is that having 
tamed the Newspaper Press 
Union (NPU), which repre- 
sents the four established Eng- 
lish and Afrikaans newspaper 
groups, the Government will 
move to dose down what is 
sometimes called the “alter- 
native press", which operates 

Among probable targets are 
The New Nation, a fortnightly 
paper mainly written by and 
for blacks and funded by the 
Catholic Church, and the lib- 
eral Weekly Mail, which was 
started by journalists made 
redundant when the Rand 
Daily Mail was dosed by its 
owners last year. 

It is also thought that action 
might be taken against papers 
like Die Afrikaner and Die 
Patriot, propaganda mouth- 
pieces for extreme right-wing 
white political parties which 
have been gaining ground 
since the Government em- 
barked on its cautious dis- 
mantling of parts of the apar- 
theid apparatus. 

According to informed 
sources, the NPU is trying to 

appease the Government by 
agreeing to some stiffening of 
the disciplinary procedures of 
the Media Council, which is 
fairly toothless. Whether this 
will satisfy Pretoria remains to 
be seen. 

In a statement at the week- 
end, the United Democratic 

Front (UDF), the most radical 
of extra-parliamentary oppos- 
ition movements still operat- 
ing above .ground, claimed 
that the move against the 
press was “a preparation for a 
massive dampdown . . . dur- 
ing the weeks preceding". 

The UDF claimed to have 
information that “a nation- 
wide swoop is on the cards for 
December 9". supposedly in a 
move to preempt Wade unrest 
on and around December 16, 
when white Afrikaners an- 
nually celebrate victory over 
the Zulus at the 1838 Battle of 
Blood River. 

The Black Sash, the 30-year- 
old dvil rights group run by 
white women, in a statement 
which it said might well be its 
lasL accused the press of 
“acquiescing to tyranny with- 
out protest" and of agreeing to 
censor itself “in the cause of 
continued white racial domin- 

The statement said; “We do 
not know if ever again within 
South Africa we can publicly 
condemn the totalitarian rule 
that has so rapidly enveloped 
this country m the last few 
months and that wifi reach its 
zenith with the total co-option 
and annihilation of the al- 
ready fragile concept of a free 
press in South Africa." 

Speculation about the fu- 
ture of the press was fuelled by 
a statement released by Presi- 
dent Botha on Friday night 
which disclosed that the NPU, 
in discussions which bad been 
going on for some time, had 
agreed on the need “to avoid 
giving support and encourage- 
ment to those seeking revolu- 
tionary change by overt as well 
as covert means". 

Inkatha blamed for killings 

Johannesbuig - The deaths 
of two black trade unionists 
and the daughter of a third, 
who were murdered after be- 
ing abducted from their 
homes near Ho wick, in Natal, 
were blamed yesterday ou 
supporters of Inkatha, the 
conservative political organiz- 
ation led by Chief Gatsha Bu- 
thelezi (Michael Hornsby 

They were abducted on 
Friday night and taken to a 
remote spot, where they were 
shot dead. Their bodies were 
then pul in a car which was set 

The Metal and Allied 
Workers’ Union (MAWU), to 
which the murder victims 
belonged, alleged that the 
armed gang responsible were 
members or supporters of 

The Government’s Bureau 
for Information said an in- 
vestigation into the killings 
was under way and that “fur- 
ther speculation, rumour- 
mongering and judgment 
about this serious incident are 
both premature and irrespons- 

MAWU officials identified 
two of the deceased as Mr Phi- 
neas Sibiya, chairman of the 

shop stewards' committee at 
the BTR Sarmcol factory at 
Howick, a British subsidiary, 
and Mr Simon Ngubane. an- 
other shop steward at the fac- 

The daughter of a BTR 
Sarmcol employee. Miss Flo- 
rah M nikathi, was also killed, 
according to MAWU. Mr 
Michael Sibiya, a brother of 
Mr Phineas Sibiya, reportedly 

More than 1.000 people paid 
their respects to the slain 
Swap** veteran, Mr Immanuel 
Shindi, in the first mass 
political funeral in Namibia in 
many years (AFP reports from 
Windhoek). Mr Slufidi. who 
died when alleged Mack right- 
wingers disrupted a Swapo 
rally, was released from life 
imprisonment a year ago- 

managed to escape by rolling 
down a bank. 

Mr Phineas Sibiya was the 
leader of the 900 or so workers 
sacked by BTR Sarmcol last 
year alter a strike in support of 
union recognition. He was re- 
fused a passport two months 
ago to travel to Europe to add- 
ress the European Parliament, 
which is investigating abuse 
by multi-national companies 

of the EEC code of conduct 

MAWU officials alleged 
that men armed with assegais 
and guns arrived in two cars at 
the home of the Sibiyas. The 
four victims were forced into 
one of their own cars, and first 
. taken to a hall were they were 
beaten up and questioned 
about MAWU by some 200 
people, said to be Inkatha 

Early on Saturday morning, 
armed men were reported to 
have paraded through the 
black township outside Ho- 
wick denouncing the BTR. 
Sarmcol strikers. This alleg- 
edly led to dashes with the 
local people in which one per- 
son was killed. 

Meanwhile. 10 people died 
and 21 others were injured in 
fighting between different 
groups of black miners at the 
Vaal Reefs gold mine, some 90 
miles south-west of Johannes- 
burg, on Friday night 

Last month 15 miners were 
killed in fighting at the same 
mine, whidi is owned by the 
giant Anglo-American Cor- 
poration, allegedly because of 
a dispute over a boycott of the 
mine shebeen (liquor store) 
which was opposed by some of 
the miners. 


1 ‘ - r . . : 

Mr Antonio Zamel, the communist negotiator, at a Manila rally, and President Aquino registering at a polling centre. 

Communists seek arms assurance from Aquino 

Manila (Renter) — Communist rebel 
envoys yesterday asked President Aquino 
to order the Philis tines armed forces oot 
to disarm guerrillas during a 60-day 
ceasefire expected to come into effect on 

Mr Antonio ZttnieL, a rebel negotiator, 
said be and another emissary, Mr Satnr 
Ocampo, had written to President Aquino 
asking her to older soldiers to abide by 
the agreement, which was signed pn 
November 27 and primuses a two-month 

trace to enable the Government and rebels 
to try to negotiate an. end to the 27-year 
com m un is t insur g enc y . 

“We appealed to President Aquino to 
order the armed forces to abide by the 
ceasefire agreement," Mr Zamel said. 

“We are afraid that, if the military dis- 
arms the rebel forces, it may start the 
shooting. The rebel forces are under strict 
orders to observe the ceasefire. Bat they 
are also trader orders not to lay down their 

Mr Zamel said he and Mr Ocampo had 
to allow the military to conduct 
security patrols against common crim- 
inals, but that the accord did not include 
disarming rebels. 

The armed forces' chief. General Fidel 
Ramos, said the military patrols would 
protect people and property, ami a 
Militar y Command spokesman. Colonel 
Honesto Isleta, said the armed forces 
would disarm rebels. 

secrets Act 

From M.G.G. Pillai 
Knata Lumpur 

After eight months of public 
debate, the Parliament here 
amended over the weekend 
the country's controversial 
Official Secrets Act. The law 
now defines what an official 
secret is and the courts can no 
longer question, as they coukl 
uniter the previous legislation, 
the official reasoning for it. 

It removes the discretionary 
powers of the judges and 
imposes a mandatory jail 
sentence of between one and 
14 years on conviction. 

The law now provides for 
three broad categories of of- 
ficial secrets, instead of seven 
as in the draff version. 

But even many government 
backbenchers and some Cabi- 
net ministers are concerned at 
the scope and impact of the 
new law. especially the un- 
controlled administrative 
powers of Cabinet ministers 
and some officials to create 
new categories of secrets with- 
out further parliamentary 

The Government wanted to 
rush through the legislation on 
Friday, the day it had pro- 
vided for debate, but the 
session had to be extended It 
lasted more than seven hours. 

That Parliament would pass 
the amendments was a fore- 
gone conclusion. The Govern- 
ment has an 80 per cent 
majority in the 177-seat Par- 

New Taiwan party wins 23 seats 

Shock for the Kuomintang 

From Robert Grieves 
Hong Kong 

Taiwan's “unofficial” De- 
mocratic Progressive Party 
(DPP) has »on 23 of the 44 
legislature seats it contested, 
two months after being 
formed — a much stronger 
showing than analysts pre- 

There were 306 candidates 
for the i 57 seats in the V uan. 
Taiwan's parliament, and in 
the National Assembly, which 
elects a President every six 
years. Hie ruling Kuomintang 
party won 127 scats and 
opposition candidates outside 
the DPP took seven. 

Computer tallies of the 
votes were not issued until 
well after midnight on Sat- 
urday. after more than eight 
million of Lfce 11.8 million 
voters. went to the polls, with 
particular)* strong showings in 
Taipei and Kaohsiung. 

Many analysts had expected 
the DPP to make a poor 
showing because of its leaders’ 
lack of control in trying to 
discipline radical elements 
who advocated Taiwan’s com- 

plete independence and the 
overthrow of the Kuomin- 
tang, which has ruled the 
island for 37 years. 

The two unsuccessful at- 
tempts to return to the island 
by Mr Hsu Hsin-Iiang. a 
radicai dissident who fled to 
the United States in 1979 and 
who faces sedition charges on 
Taiwan, also convinced many 
obscr- ers ihai the DPP would 
not exist long as a viable 
opposition party. 

However, a veteran ob- 
server of the island’s politics 
said: “Their victories ou Sat- 
urday show- that the Tai- 
wanese opposition movement 
is still alive." 

Other analysts contend that 
the DPP gains, while impres- 
sive. do no; signal a clear 
% iciory for the new party. 

^cording to inss view, the 
DPP vicL.?-*~.e> w : he enough 
io make Ruorr.:: i-ing conser- 
vatives -Tre.Tpi io block any 
Further reforms that President 
Chiang Ching-quo may be 
contemplating, without giving 
much real power to the DPP. 

Western observers said last 
week that, given any sign of 

DPP strength as a result of the 
elections, conservative ele- 
ments in the ruling party 
would try to obstruct Mr 
Chiang’s proposal to lift mar- 
tial law early next year. 

Even with’ the gain of 23 
legislative seats, the numbers 
still favour the Kuomintang in 
all government legislative 
bodies. The DPP is said to 
have only 1,500 members, 
while the Kuomintang has 
2.4 million. 

But according to con- 
ventional wisdom on the is- 
land. 30 percent of all votes in 
each election are against 
Kuomintang policies. The 
* opposition parlies, and in 
particular the DPP, hope to 
turn that dissatisfaction into 
support and to expand on it. 

Because 85 per cent of 
Taiwan’s 19 million people 
are native Taiwanese, radical 
elements in the DPP have 
tried to use the independence 
issue to recruit new support- 
- ere. But conservative elements 
in the new party oppose that 

{ ilan. because that it would 
bree the Kuomintang to sup- 
press the party. 

Thai fury as Hanoi holds fishermen 

From Nefl Kelly 

Although almost 500 Thai 
fishermen were freed by Viet- 
nam last week, more are still 
held, according to Mr Yothin 
Srisodaphol. Counsellor at the 
Thai Embassy in Hanoi. 

He said in Bangkok that 
Hanoi refused to say anything 
about the men. who are 
accused of illegal fishing 
The Thais have not been 
put on trial but have been held 
awaiting payment of fines. 
Thai officials describe it as “a 
hostage situation, with the 

Vietnamese cashing in on the 
prisoners", and Vietnam's 
Ambassador in Bangkok col- 
lected $350,000 before the 
men were freed last week. 

Officials and political com- 
mentators say that the in- 
cident will impede attempts to 
improve relations. 

in boy’s 

Watertown* New torWAPi 
^ jn-\ ear-old boy has been 
scnicn^t'ii 10 : jears to life in 
prison for ksll-.ns i sn II l-yrar- 
old in a murder that *he au«h- 
ovuies linked to the game 

DunttW dnd Draeons. 

David U-niiquauro told 
police that he killed Martin 
Holland because the younger 
bov was evil and the game 
required that., be had to 

extinguish evil . 

Bui Veniiquatsro also sam 
that Martin had shot himself 
and also that ho had shot 
Martin accidentally while 
playing with a gun he did not 
know was loaded. 

Dungeons and D rayons is a 
fan us ' adventure game about 
i he smuggle between good and 
cviL and its cnucs claim that 
plavers become obsessed with 
the" game and act out violent 

Manhunt ends 
in hostage flat 

New York i Reuter) — Larry 
Davis, aged 20. suspected of 
shooung six policemen, has 
surrendered to police and is 
being held without bail 
charged with six counts of 
attempted murder after one of 
New York's biggest manhunts 
lasting 1 7 days. 

Police caught up with him 
in a flat where he was holding 
three people hostage. He 
threatened to throw himself 
out of a window, but police 
persuaded him to give himself 

Cafe arrest 
of fugitive 

Milan (AFP) - A Red 
Brigades militant. Caicgero 
Diana, w-as arrested at a 
Chinese restaurant here early 
yesterday, three months after 
he escaped from a high- 
security prison near Turin in 

He was serving a life sen- 
tence since last year for 
murdering a warden in 197S 
and a deputy police chief in 
1979. but escaped while in 
hospital after a hunger strike. 

MPs on tour 

Abu Dhabi (Reuter) — A 
group of eight British MPs led 
by Mr Julian Amery yesterday 
met the President of the 
United Arab Emirates. Sheikh 
Zaid Bin Sultan al-Nahayan. 

Kuwait trial 

Kuwait (Reuter) - Five 
Jordanians go on trial today- 
accused of killing 10 people 
and injuring'more than SO in 
last year’s bombings of two 
crowded Kuwait cafes. 

Unicef grant 

Pelting (Reuter) — The 
United Nations Children's 
Education Fund will gram 
China £36 million for 38 
projects for children. 

Teachers’ pets 

Harare (AP) — The Zim- 
babwe Government dismissed 
73 teachers from state 
schools last year, most of them 
for having love affairs with 
their pupils. 




8891 Toni 7.00 lUHOMM. 

Humphrb coml. Deborah 
MP. Adrian Thompson un. Ian 
Caddy ban. 

S2* 3191 CC 928 8800 

Wednesday T.Mmn LONDON 

Srrmala nonuma. K239. Brit- 

len: Nocturne. I Hrra : Night 

Mick. H ay d n: Sy m pho n y No. 8. 


3191 CC 928 8800 Tontghi 


VIMnria NiNtou. TcMbw- 

•ky Piano concerto No .2 
Boroda. In UW Steppes of- 
Central Asia. Manir— lij/ 
■aval: Pictures from an 



COLISEUM S%36 3161 cc 340 
. OPERA Toni 7.30 Die 
IMuml Tomor 7.30 Ca* 


. 1066/1911. Stdby Info 836 
6903 S OC. Ticket! Ll- 
£22 30/ El 3.30 Mats (Ballet! 

S-2-C40 1 Oners I. 66 amphl seat! 

avail on tne day. 

- Wed 7.00 Samson. Tomor 
■ Gaia PcrP. Fn 7.00 Dta 
ZaaborfMa. THE ROYAL BAL- 
LET T7IUT 7.30 Tan 

Beset /Le Baiaar da la tea. Sal 

2.30 A 7 30 Tba Heteesdier. 

■ Balld carting Into: Ol 240 

. 9816 

SADLER'S WELLS 278 8916 
first Call CC 24ltr 7 day 240 
7200. From Thurs. Mat 1 Etc 



The Boy Wte firm Too Fast 

■Briiisn Pnnuovi & 

AMAHL S Tha fCyM Writer*. 

01-278 08S3 lor Winter Opera 


AOELPHI RJ6 761 1 nr £MO 791 3 

/4 CC 741 9909/836 7168*379 

6433 Grp Sales *130 6123 Finn 

Call 2anr 7 day CC 240 7200 >bMj 





MytiUV at 7 30 Mats W«d al 2 30 
A Sal 4 30 a. 8.00 

Extra Boated Day Parti 4JO A 8 
IN TOWN" S Expre* 

ALBERT BJft M’H rr 379 oSOfi 
379 6433' 741 9900 Group 
Sales 836 39 1>2 Evns 8pm 




ALBERT ;«*«- . r ? sje.i 

37V 6433, Vj l 9 v-wr urr-3 "JO 
3962 1 30*. 4 1 5 daily . For 3 

ukilrm Ion. Dal Id Wood o 


A Musical Play tor children 
From the book by HRH The 
Prmce at Wales 

ALD9VYCH 01 836 6404/064] cc 
01 579 «J53. 01 741 9999 


steven mackintosh 


Directed by M BBft RUDMAN 
A National Theatre Production 
"Humour at Its best a nett and 
rainy production - Dally Mall - A 
brouHlidly shaped family 
comedy " Times II win run for a 
long Hme- Time Out 
ElM Mon ■ Fn 7.30 Mats. Weds 
3.0 Sals 3.00 6 8.30 First Call 24 
hr 7 day cc 01 240 7200 <no nag 
feel Qrp Sales 01 930 61 23. 

_ _ Ol B36 6111 cc 

836 1171. First call 1 24 hrs/7 

daysi 240 7200 tbfcg feel Evev 

7.30. Wed mat 3. Sal 4 & 8 



Slated Drama Award 
domi n a t ed lor 4 OMar Award* 
tee. "Play of the Year' 1 


034 3698 First Can 01 240 7200 
Ttcketmatter cr 379 6433 

Mon Fn 8 Sal 4 SO A 8 IS 
■nturs Mats 3. Dec 24 mal only. 

No Perl Dec 26 Dec 26 8pm pert 



ef the Ta 





"Wonderfully tunny" D Exp 

BARBICAN Ol 628 8795/638 

8891 K (Mon-Sun lQam-Spm> 



price pt-rfi 12-18 ca-c. A PENNY 
Ju*in whiling. 
turns 19 & 20 Dm. 

THE WT Wed. Thurs. Fn A Sal 

7 JO HE RES IES by Deborah 


SUWID8IAE by Richard Net- 
Mfi returns 19 A 20 Drr 

BLOOMSBURY, Gordon St wet 

M7 1 *53- F rom 

[uc 16 Dec THE ADVENTUR E S 
Ntw Feeriy Musics! ■ 


CC 240 72ce,.- 5 to 6433/741 

_ 9P099 Cue. 030 6123 

-A m pa r b aetet par+naratiip" 






4 Comwly by Rirhjtrd ILims 


N ol mr W 

"Th.- niipl^uH ,4 rutin i r ou - 
i n nuniuon* D V.UI 
in, .in ii'rt>,M' h£mi 
M m I - •'•l-'v-lSy.*. * » 

eOTTESLOC Ts »3B 25?er CC 

1 N-4ii»ii, il Tbeatre'i mtmIi uudi 
loiiunu Tun'l 7 SO STUDIO 

CalDenne Haves Tnnair. Wed 

v ao TH E BAY AT NKX and 

CRITERION S 930 3216 CC 379 

6666/379 6433/741 9999. Grp* 

836 3962. Evgs a OO. TtlU mol 

2-30 Sat 5.30 A 8-30 


D Mail 

The Theatre of Comedy Company 






Written and al reded by 

Over 1.600 eade-eaMtteaperfs 
Good seats a tall Thurs mats. 

D O — WON THEATRE 580 8846/ 
9662 ALL IN CC t*9» FRIST 
CALL 24ftr 7 day on 836 2428 NO 

Grp Sales 930 







Mon-Fn 7.30 Thu Mat 2 30 Sai a 
e. 8 13. Al Thurs null only “The 
Rock Star" will be pe rf or m ed by 
SIONS at £T aU perfs ■■xteol Fn A 
Sat eve-, tor OAP 1 *. UB4tTs. slu- 
dents 6 uniter I6"s at all 1 nr 
before perf. Reduced prices Thurs 
mats only jl 7 4 £10 
Now BaaltlNS te April 17. 


8230 cr 379 6563/6433 E\es 

8pm. (Opens Tomor 7pmi Sat 



Bok Office &OC 01-836 8 108 01 

240«066/T HrM CaU 24hr 7 day 

cc Mdb on Ol 240 7200 (no hLg 

fee). Tic kenri aster Ol 379 6433 

(no bkn fee) 

David MarNck's 


Wl— r of *13 the baat 










Etw. 8 O M.ils wed 5.0. Sat S C A 
6 .to Rertuem prim mat wi-rt, 

Sludenlt and waurtbs. 

Croup Sal*, dio ei!23 


Special manure Dec 26 3mn 

DUCHESS S 856 8243 CC 240 

9648 CC 379 6435 & CC N 

nr/7 d.iv 240 T.MO El os 8 Wed 

•nal ? ShI 5 A 8 


M.-6 Odii 

2 «nr t-iu y. rhu J. 

Sat 6 A If .to 


St—dBrii Dranui Award 1984 


HU Comedy Oy Richard Hams 
D irecte d to JmIiA McKenzie 



FORTUNE BO/OC 836 2238/9 

Am f CALL 7day 24 hr 240 

7200 ‘bk^fee ^Crpa 9 30 6123. 

Flnl UK 

Previews Tomor 7 30 A Wed 


OARRKKSOI 379 6107. KcaU 

24/hr 7 day 240 7200. Grp Saw 

930 6123. Eves 7.3a Sal 6 * 8 

Tuei mat at 3pm 


"CUn of their own" Std 


by Keith Waterhouse 
Directed by Ned Shemn 

to year” rimes 
No perf Cnraomas Ete 

SLORC Ol -437 3667 cc 741 99«9 

1st Call 240 7200 24 hr 7 day IMg 

feel Grp Sales 930 6123 


in Lana's -11111111011" Otos 

Marla Eapert Beat Direct dr 

Standard Drama Awards 

GLOBS 437 1592 OPEN ALL 

HOURS CC 379 6433 la* Call 24 

or 240 7200 I no bku l»i 741 

9999 i no bhg fee) Grp Sam 930 

6123 A W H Smith TratN 
Brandies CtnBMab Wed 3 Sal 4 

Laurent* Othter Award! IBM 


-« HH bummer you're after. 

Hum Ihe fun rnmn m-lwr 

ituruer and lamer" SM 
A Comedy by Ken LudwlQ 

Directed By Das id Gilmore 



7736. Firm Call cc 24nn 240 
7200 iMq fee'. From Tours 
Etes 7.45. Mats Sal 230 I Dec 
15 al 7.01 Dec 26 al 4 O 4 7 46 



Bn- offfre ACC. 01-430 9832 l-rt 

dll 24tir 7 rtat cr Bfc9s 240 7200 

Ete* 7 30 Wed t. &dt mail 2.30pm 






n'o Arh ennstntas Ete 

HER MMUCSTYS HaymarKet 839 


379 sill Firm Call CC 240 




opera _ 






Bmfilnun Banen 

CLure Moore play? Chmunr 

al crHain pwlaunancw 
Etn 7.45 Mate Wod a Sal 3 
PVHUl bli 71 only for Apr ID Ort 

HAMPSTEAD 722 9301 Eves 8. 

Sal MM 4.30. SELLING TW 

SIZZLE. A Kw Canady by 
MtrGMi "Oartoui Idtfv 
larce performances Iran 
amble Landen and Oatld 
ThMfaU" Tran. -Very 
funny" D.Exp 


741 9999 i no Mm feel Fir* CMtJ 

24 Hr 7 Da* CC 240 7200. (NO 

BHG FEE) Qrp Sate, 930 6123. 

Ticket master 379 6433 

OVER 208 PERFS at 



LA cage aux folles 

Mon-Frl 7.30. Mats Wed 2.00 
Sal 2.30 A 8.00 
Sldnl concessions atari al door 
Mon-FYI A Sat mats 
Now bgaWfid te April 25, L9S7 


231 1 From Sol Etn 7 30. Wed 
MdH 2 JO (Opens Dec 18 al 
7pm. Dee 24 al 6 30 only) 
adapted by litis Watte, wuh 
music by Cart Pas te. 

STUDIO Preview Tool Stan 
Odens Tomor 7pm. Sub Eves 

Air Wl 01-437 3686/7 01-434 
1550 01-454 1050. 01-734 

6 100/7 CtHJN BLAKELY 
"A brtotanl A KarouKy 
romc performance" F Time* 

The National Theatre's acclaimed 
production of 


"HeenWYakJTiBly funny" Gdn 
-Hiianous..." S Time# 

"A rare evening of 
comic exhilaration " Times 
Etp 7 JO. Mats Wed and Sal 3 0 
Group Sates 01 930 6123 

Reduced price mate Student A 
OAP stand-by 

(H« BOOHING nan 

.APRIL -*7 


(riunonar Theatre * prmreriUirn 

Slaaei Ton'l. wed. Thur 744 

Tomor ? 1 5 now price map A 

7 At, TONS OF MONEY bt Win 

Ct.ins and Valentine. Fn 7 45. 

Sat 3 Iftii ow pr ice rnaua. 7 an 

MAYFABt Ol 629 3037 
Front Der 16 to Jan 3 
Twice daily 20 * 4 0 
unh 4 hats 10 30. !P1 4.0 


MAYFAIR S CC 629 3»)3-s Mpn 
T|iu d Fn Sal 5 a- 8 


‘-The Best Thriller ter rod" S M 


"An unabashed winner** S exp 
"T termuonal" Times 



5668 HI Call 2«3 7200 379 6433 

T4l 9999 CTP Sate* 930 6123 

Kenneth Graftame's wonderful 



Oners Decenioer 15 for 4 weeM 

only. Twice daily al 2.0 A 6.0 



COTTESLOE- Excel lenl cheap 
sea fs Ml* of perfs all theatre* 
from 10 am. RESTAURANT 1928 
20331. EASY CAR PARK. Info 
633 0880. AOI COMO 

NEW L ON DON Drury Lane WCS 


379 6433 A W H Smith Travel 

Branctm. Etn 7 46 Tuc A Sat 

3.00 A 7 45 




FOR RETURNS Grouo Bookmps 

Ol 406 1667 or OV 930 6123. 


1887 Seats avail for addttlonal 

noiiiku' perfs on Dec 22 A Jan 2 at 


OLD VK 928 7616 CC 2el 1821 

Eves 7 30. Wed Mats 2 30. Sat* 

4.00 & 7 45 


jssai aowHER 






A uvavdy . 

Dt Clare Boolhe Lure 
“AS frein te ritzy rate, fnW 
Time*. “Witty, wicked women 'i 

STUDDED pfraoucnoN" □ 
Mir ror 


OLIVIER -S' 928 2262 CC <Nb- 

i tonal Theoire 1 * corn iup>i 

Theatre dark Ton'l -not AM- 
KAL FARM n printed Ui 

teaflefi Prettew* KMC LEAR 

by Stutespoaif Tomor tnot 

ANIMAL FARM at prmirrf In 
teaflH * A Wed 7 OO promrH- 
Own Thur o 46 rn too 

prumpLSr 2 OO now price mau 

a 7 oo prompn 

-4LAC* THEATRE 43d 0909 cc 

OPEN ALL HOURS 379 6433 

Firs* Call 24 Hr TUat « 240 7200 

tirp Sales <*50 6123 A W H Smith 

Travel Branches 


Ete, 7. SO Mate Thu A Sal 2.30 
m Extra Chriataiae mate 22 A 241 
Dec art 2J8 Ldlecumer, not ad- 
mitted until I he inlertal 

bMfctec M tee* *87 

PfUNCE OF WALES W 1 930 1681 

• 2 * •• Mom iv- 930 0644 c*R 

Sd*e* 930 6123 k— im lepurw 
74'. 9999 IVki'lllhMM S7'- swJS 
I A Call 24hr/7|jjv 7 COO (MO 
DKG rui 

*A L 10 'ALL o 

wilti .the TV SHOW ST AITS . 
Ete‘8. Fn & Sat 6-30 A ft AO 
EXTRA PERFS 30 A 3i Dec at 

PICCADILLY 437 4506 CC 3^9 

6566/ 379 6433/ 240 7200 

Group Sate! 930 6123/ 836 3962 

Etes 8pm. Wed mats 3. Sau 4. .to 

& 8 .5 


-A tlaster Ctowit" Tones 


Tha FoKBteit Ma r ill 
"Broad farce with Stephen 

Sondheim * ton*ft" D Mall 




Dec 24 3pm only Der 26 80 m No 

perf 25 Dec 

734 8961 Fir’d Call 34 Hr 7 Day* 
cc Boohing 836 5464 Grp Sales 
930 6123 Man-Sal 7.30 Mats 
Thur* I Sal 2J0 



Bra Artec - Ti 



OLSEN’S 01 734 1166/7/ 
0361/0120. 24nr « 240 7200/ 

379 6433 OP Sam 930 6123 





■11 ruwte* mdi rxcliernem" 

S. Times "JuM wonderful - D.Exn 
Mon-Sal 8 Mala Wed 2 JO Sal 6 

ROYAL COURT S CC 730 1746/ 

1857 cr 24hr 7 day 240 7200 

■ US feel Evas Sum. SM Mata 

4pm Mnt Stack prevent A 


Caryl Churchill A Datld Lan. 


2354 Etro 7JO.SU Mats 3.30 


ROYALTY Ol 831 0660 24br rr 

240 T2CO ?.79 6433 741 9999 

Group Sara 930 6123 


From lolte twice daily at 2-30 a 


SAVOY THEATRE 01 836 8888. 
GG 5796219. 8360479. First Gail 
24 hr 7d.wnO N-BM6i24O7SJ0O 

Keith Pmww T41 4999 inn b»« 

feel Ete* Mon-Frl 8pm. Sal 6 A 

8 so. Wed Mate 3am 



A Mystery Thriller lor 

all Uip Family 


nrerfed by BRYAN FORBES 

peter * lyua H lT O Mai l "tatee 

A&Mha Cbrirtre IhrM er " Sid 

ciaf CC No 379 6433 Eipa- 8.0 
. Tuea a 45 mu -50 a nd B O - 

3Uh yr of AGATHA CMMSnE'a 


COMEDY Ol 379 5399 CC OI 579 

6433/ 741 9999 . FirG Call 24 hr 

240 7200 fbkp feei. Grp Sales 930 


MOn-FYi S Wed 3 Sal 5 156 8.30 

lavish new production 


Adapted by SIMON MOORE 

From Lawche 
wttii CLTYE DLiNN 
Directed by ANTON RODGERS 

PnevlewaioOec 13 Opens Dec 15 

al 700 

STRAW 836 2660 CC 836 

4143/5190. 741 9999. Ftf* Call 

24 Hr 7 Day cr 240 7200 CTM 

Sara 930 6123 


“Tha aharpnt, rate s n p Mrtlc n l - 



Directed A OHjnsjwaphed by 

Mon-Fn 7 as. Mal Wed 3.00 
Sal 4.30 A B 15 



07891 296623. 


Ton will 

Tamar. Thurs. Fn 7.30. 
Wtehr'a Tdn Wed 7 30. Rkte 

ard 11 Thun. Sal 1 30. 

Sal 7.30. Sow Tterira. Fair 

Maid TonlpM. Tomor. Thurs. 

Fn 7.30. Sal I 90. Every Man 

Wed 1 30 Ki ro ra an Wed 7 30. 

IW Sal 7.30 



"The very best of Brluin'i 
conarr ntenl” Daily Mall 

See separate entries under. 


836 9«W7 '6646 Flral call OC. 24 
Ira 240 7300 (bko fro 

I ICMnwaer 379 6433 ftokp feel. 

E'wao. Mala Wed 2 30. Sal 6 0. 

8 30 No perfs Der 24. 25 Dec a* 

«rt S A 8. Dec 27 al 6 A 830 

Standa rd D rama Award 






MO AT HiS BEST” S. Times 

HOO KING NOW 24 Hr 7 day 





Cbrwrted by Rirfwra Cyn 

■in rm 12 ip nmii Feb rs 

Mun-Fn 7 -16 Wed Mal 3 Sal 4.4J 
A 8.15 Gp Sara 930 6123 

01 836 02S3/4 

-c KJa OOOB « Tirtrtmasler 379 

6453 Todav. Fn 2.00 A 6.30. 

Tumor. - Wt-n. Thur IO 30am A 

2-OP. &al 3 OOAbM 


by C3 Lewis 

VICTORIA PALACE 01 -834 1317 

Etes t 30 Mate Wed A Sat 2.45 

December 26-29.30 Jan 1 A 2 

2AHr 7 day « mo extra 

Cfwniel Ofi FIRST CALL 240 7200 


DANCE MAGKT widy New, 





me party mscounrrs 

Also book. TlekMmraer 379 6433 

or any W H smith Travel Branch 

WHITEHALL SW1 Ol 910 77136 / 
839 4456 CC Ol 379 6665/379 
6433 741 9999 Cm sale* 930 
6] 23/836 3962 


. _ . S IN CL A IR 

T*" 1 Award Wlnninq Comedy- 

toSharman Macdonald 
_ O lrecled bi Simon Snxus 

7pnj Sub eves Mon Trl 8. Sal 
5 30 & 8.30 W«d mate 3 

""““■ra S 83f 3028 rc 379 

6566/Tick eunaser 579 6433/isi 

®4hr 7 days 240 7200/741 

’wsl'rvJ'fw? 6I2W836 
3962 Eves 7 30, sal man 3 

For a limited season 

LEFEVRE GALLERY - 30 Brul .-n 

Si . Wl Ol 493 2107 IMPOR- 


November |4lh Dec-mber. 
Mon-Frl 10-6. Sate IO U.V 


So. Wl Ol 495 2107 IMPOR- 


November - 19 December Mon 
- Fn 10-5. Sate 1012.30 



86. LONDON, Soviet Armenian 

Paintings Exhibition Full 
Showing in (he U K 8 14 Der 

1 “86 daily 10-5 Adm Ci/^Oe 


nal limned edition prims Iron 

LSO Craohic works oy Moon 

Maslm 4 Bronx Sculslure o: 


lee iQimuai Cmlemimran 

Ar1> 8. Dover SL Wl 1' 
Pnnni Arcade Swi J99670I 

ROYAL ACADEMY. Picradlto Ol 

734 9352 Own daby 106 fair 

Sun. < reduced rale Sun until 



C2 50 LI 70 Cone. rale. 


SI. SWI Y 6JB Tef 01 839 
AMS OP ASIA 4lh 16th 
Dwvmter Mun-Fn 1 0-5 pm 

Same Raw. Wl. 437 5414 

tfco West End" Independenf 


TOM wiLhTMsow m 

Tta Tera* Vte nraduiBeu at 


By Hennk Ibsen 
IJirwri'-d by mm Thacker 
•KMTT MIS®** Ciry Lfanlte 

V “*“ 6363 CC 379 


CAESAR. Llwrous 3 
Gdh. -Carta 
~NP™‘ ercriieni btuiim" 
* J "Frank Grimm 1 warm 
Chfar tuiia Uc Anlony" Gdn Dvr 
From Tomor 
7 30 wed mat Jam 

W gn2™S 

apm. Wed mu. TscJJJ? 


AKTHONY dW» Y o a 23 
wiLLem OIL HQtim Sa . 4,1 00 

(owre pine art * tw 

Al i?*™! *«TOTS 

‘■' SO.Mnn-Sai 

’ ■5. hUll 2 VIA llrrAM... " . _ 

Ol 5 HQ I7MH “WO 

PMCHER fine art' 

and COTOrEACHUrT^sSw? 

Mon Frl 10-5.30 



Town Tube 486 2443 MEN ■ 

Film al 2 2 S 4 30 6.40 6 81 


SWI. 551 3742 MENUS 

al 2 ?6 4 30 6.40 0_B* 


iSLiZ^.Clauin Lanznur 

MOAH (PC) Part 1 Tira 

5 45 Sate 11.30am 

ees Pan 2 Mon. Wed & 

a 46 Sunday* Part I 
1 1 Warn Pari 2 ai -To 
ly atesormng *ee Ihc him" i 

ewaON WEST END snahemui 

Avenue Wl 439 4805 Ma* 

Smith. Denholm Elbon. Ju 


VIEW fFffl), Film at 1 30 iN 
Sum. 3 45. 6 IO & 8 40. 

"A film an near fo perfecrion . 
11 , DmoiMe io conceivi 
Aleranuer Waiyer Sid 


930 Si-52 iEno./930 7fa 

hr Arrnsi Vi^jy AmD 


CHINA (PBl in 70mm 
Slereo Sep Prom Dai 
3 3S 6 10 8 SO. AU 

faunkahle in advanee. 


Jrinn WC2 J71 31 

Film M 1 OO 5 30 e 
Lkrtbl Sietco LATE I 
* tel only al till 
V AIN.^: BOGklhC E 
Arre*.,/v rt j 


TB«5 <isi Daily- 3.0 SO ~ 
gE‘- from fbi ia dec. 
peorue f. Scon Impel Davenpc 
E rankFinwy Susannah Vote 
ii' ■ ^A&.° A ROOM WITH 
•w* 'PC> Daily- 7 o & 9 1 
sejte book able in advance f 
70 4 9 is 


t *■ 

. ' 1 * «■ 

: v ■» -1 

. -*ci . aj 

1 -JT- ■ : 
r-'Tt * -r 
•ivaf !• 





' ‘ ‘i- 

. V • « -V T-E 
* - 1 

‘ '■'•Tllji 

j r' 


[•)!»■ >T7i 

kit 1 fomiwyMSi * iri# rijiTi fifi 

IJgMjt” ■ ' !vtl 

[U :’ l 1 1 



B BMe 


i IS 


Festival Hall 

Jiii lg fc 

ii^Sl Swgi^ffpElg 

-«•■ - « . . „•" * 

’* ~?- v . as. .« 

C*fr& :V ***** - . 

■, ante** • 

' 4 ? ggac.~. 

Use down at BlackwaD Fire 
Station seemed to have beat 
seconded from a sh-cotn of 
onknown provenance. They 
bad only to tack in to beef 
carry and tinned apricots for 
the alarm bell to ring; they had 
only to hanker down round a 
Mae video for their new female 
colkagne to amble in. 

The atmosphere caieftdly 
established by Les Blair’s 
direction was amusing enongh 
not to require tbe countervail- 
ing mansion of tragedy. The 
fire that killed a small child 
was shockingly effective, bat 
the subsequent wistful mask 
and funereal pan-shots over- 
iced the cake. The black 
fireman's death at the hands of 
rioters was on die crass side. 

Fireman Charisma (Gerard 
Horan) shmdtaneoosly ap- 
peared as tbe tip-moving book- 
worm Reginald a few beds 
down from Philip Marlow in 
Tht Singing Detective. He 
bed right next to the would-be 
sleuth has a curse 
on it; as though in exorcism, 
Dr Finlay wheeled in his 
evangelical tambonrinettes. 
Hus frightful scene, worthy of 
Anthony Burgess, was ill- 
served by die ensuing song- 
and dance roetme. What 
exactly was the point of it? 

Still, the concentric orbits of 
guilt and revenge are at last 
beginning to shame into afipi- 
ment. Joanne Whalley's eyes 
ought to carry a Government 
health warning. 


t iW< 

i-*- WJ x/z/A-v i 



- , *tN-, ' .... T yj >». 

^ .-V; ' •••- - ' • • • 

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Wembley Arena 

Martin Cropper 

As the volume rose by degrees 
during a long guitar solo in 
“Here Comes The Rain 
Again” and throbbing red 
lights played across a bade 
drop of moving clouds, it 
occurred to me that Annie 
Lennox and Dave Stewart 
always wanted to be in a good 
okt-feshioned rock band. 

But if nothing else tbe 
critical drubbing that they 
suffered with the Tourists 
during the *70s alerted die duo 
sufficiently to realize by 1981, 
when they formed Euryth- 
mics, that it was not the 
moment to start rodring out 
In 1986 it is Eurythmics who 
call the shots, and they 
showed at Wembley how even 
their early light, archetypal 
synth-pop hits could be in- 
vested vrath all die muscular 
bravado that they now rou- 
tinely apply to their music 
“Sweet Dreams (Are Made Of 

This)” began with a thunder- 
ous keyboard exposition and 
. moved to a chorus that found 
Stewart leaping to stage centre 
and whacking out power 

Clem Burke’s curious 
robotic drumming style matte. 
h™ indistin guishab le from a 
sloppily programmed drum 
machine, but there were vir- 
tuoso bass and harmonica 
solos and no shortage of 
Stewart’s hackneyed guitar 
playing. An acoustic guitar 

After some conductors the 
RPO have recently brought- 
upon themselves hoe was one 
who aroused a kind of cor- 
porate reawakening to the 
finer sensibilities of mqsio- 
making. Masur- carried, the 
or ch estr a , keenly with him in 
Schubert's C Major Sym- 
phony, die Great by relating 
rhythm and character to an . 
imdeviating pulse. Never let- 
ting the iwoinwu iu w sag, the 
conductor constantly re- 
freshed our pleasure with the 
feticides jQfmstrumietaia] detail 
withwhich Schubeit abounds.' 

vj i L-i ■ » : ^ m 1 1 ■ ■ i l-i' 1 1 i-m* 1 « ►* h -h * » t 

and a reggae arrangement of 
“Right By Your Side” were 
the only songs to escape the 
mincer but at least the show 
was direct and to the point, 
with none of the “we’re an arty 
duo” nonsense that used to 
ring hollow. 

As Annie Lennox stormed 
about the stage and cracked 
down hard on the soul revue 
stomp of “Would I lie To 
You?” and the bad giri grind 

n I Bn n 

itrimUilrtl i 

. Noel Goodwin 

Nash Ensemble 

seemed not so much a seO-oul; 
more a convincing reversion 
to type. 

David Sinclair 

Scarred on Sunday 

Hard on the heels of one 
colourful rogue comes an- 
other. In the middle of last 
month Russell Davies's 
Realm of tbe Kingfish (Radio 
3) told of that talkative, 
flamboyant, dubiously honest 
bully, the last Governor Huey 
P Long, once self-appointed 
dictator of Louisiana. Last 
Monday Mr Davies followed- 
up with another Hogarthian 
portrait: Charles E Coughlin. 

The Yoke from the Shrine 
was the story of this Ca- 
nadian-Irish Catholic priest, 
ministering in Detroit, who in 
the years between the wars 
acquired an extraordinary and 
baneful influence as an early 
radio demagogue. Developing 
a campaign for social justice, 
unexceptionable in itselfl he 
quickly learned to play on a 
response among his audience 
to various now painfully 
familiar scapegoats: com- 
munism, Jewishness and fear 
of foreigners. 

As the US found itself 
involved in a European war 
against Nazism and with Joe 
Staiin for an ally, Coughlin's 
obsessions eventually helped 
io scupper him and be lapsed 
into a long later life — he only 
died in 1979 — as a relatively 
obscure, if notably affluent. 


parish pnest But in his hey- 
day, the American Sunday 
afternoon used to be re- 
scheduled round his 

For both programmes Da- 
vies had unearthed some 
priceless archive material 
which he and his producer, 
David Perry, had blended 
with tbe lively reminiscences 
of those who knew these men, 
setting their material in robust 

It is hard to imagine a 
character more different than 
the late Philip Larkin, who 
was the subject ofThe Bfeydc- 
Clipped Misanthropist (Radio 
4, Tuesday). These portraits of 
the artist are difficult to bring 
off All too easily they end up 
as a flabby crust of gossip 
surrounding unappetizing 
gobbets of the great man’s 
opus — tbe radio equivalent of 
cold toad-in-the-hole. 

AJastair Wilson's produc- 
tion did much better than that 
Larkin, with his size 12 shoes 
and the size 12 personality be 
revealed to those who knew 
him, made a deep impression 
on their affections, while the 

poems — read by Tjiricin 
himself — were tike those 
greats fists of rock that break 
out of a green landscape: at 
once stark and thoroughly at 

Dramatically the accent of 
rite week has shifted from 
Russian to Scottish. Well, 
fairly Scottish. Radio 4*s sea- 
son of Scottish drama has 
focused attention cm the high 
levels of production and 
performance which in my 
e x perience are the norm for 
BBC Scotland. Quite what was 
uniquely Scottish about the. 
material is another matter — 
in feet, Jessie Kesson's Three 
Scare and Ten, Sir (Tuesday 
and Wednesday) was set in 
North London and seemed 
chiefly to demonstrate that a 
talented Scottish writer can 
adopt a complete southern 

Curiously the strangest 
north ern fl avour was in Jeppe 
of the xuu (Saturday Novem- 
ber 29 and Monday), a story 
that started life in The Arabian 
Nights and had been made 
into a play by an 18th century 
Dane, Ludvig Holberg, before 
appearing in Hector 
Macmillan’s vigorously free 

David Wade 

while it was being made, 
what the heck do yon do? It 
was a good 'script," 

Saving Grace somehow got 
softened in the editing. ‘There 
hi* pjtfaik m any enga g eme n t' 
of course; but fewer to a 
theatrical one,” he says. “You 
don’t have an editor at the end 
of tite day sticking your work 
together with Binetack, in the 
wrong order?” 

Reuben, Reuben was shot 
intact and had the. benefit of 
“an oldHbflywooduraftsnian, 
Julius .Epstein, ~who co-wrote 
< r 'n<fjTjil/mnn with his brother”, ' 
underpinning it “I always like 
to blur lines a bit, to make 
them fit, sound natural, but I 
didn’t have to with that 

Conti believes that script- 
writers '•are nowsb'murefeto- 
hifrmg -tBor 

The Nash Ensemble seems to 
have the happy knack to 
qhoosing the r^&t singer for. 
the son& t In this programme it 
was Fehotft. Lott- whose in- 

able to assume both the dark 
colours necessary' for 
Shostakovich's Seven Poems 
of Alexander Blok, op 127 v 
and the intimate warmth de- 
nranded by the four Tchaflrov- 

WIm b 

'jJ 1 B- i >i m 

o i i T v v« ■ 


1 'ASMS®* 


• a. 



imiil* 1 I f-Ti |) « 



fannecf.-jin- T967,' contains- aU. 
the desperation and melo- 
dramatic pessimism that we , 
might expect ofa work written 
in that era, hs predominently 
spare textures and moods 
varied by the use of all. 
possible instrumental 
doimbiiiatioiis. of ■ the . piano! 

' ’^fiss ix&*unUexstood jpftr 
fectiy the subtly varying emo- 
tiorts I of ;the .cycle and Jut 
Brown (piano),. .. Marcia 
Crayford (violin) and Christo-, 
pher van Kampen (cello) were 
equal partners. ' 

Brown alone provided the! 
exquisitely delicate support* 
for the Tdhaikovsky songs.. 
Miss Lott’s controlled top A at ' 
theendo(“The Cradle So ng", . 
hejd .fM' vriiat r^seemed an, 
.eteinrty,. testified to her pot- 
ished technique,' but it was! 
merely the most spectacular- 
manifestation of the sensitiv-! 
ity of her musicianship. 

Sensitive musicianship was. 
equally the hallmark of 
Mozart’s Clarinet Trio, given 1 
by the formidible team of? 
Michael Collins (clarinet),} 
Roger Chase (viola) and? 
Brownagain. I 

Stephen Pettitt 

It was incorrectly stated in 
James Oestreidi’s review of f 
Puritana (December 2), that 
Joan Sutherland bad bees ab- 
sent .from the - Metropolitan, 
New York, fora.decade. Dame 
Joan has, in feet, song in the 
House in this period, notably as 
Lada di Lammermoor. 





1 1 . v . .1 . .■» j 4 1 . -A i . l ■! 

The Royal Opera House' and Sadler's Wells Theatre 
in association with Youth & Music present 


8 King Street, London SWL Teh 01-839 9060 
Monday S December at 10 JO a.m. and 2-30 p jn. 
Tuesday 9 December at 10.30 an. 


Tuesday 9 December at 1 1 ajn. and 2 o.m. 
Wcdnesdjy 10 December at 10 JO am. and 2.30 pm 
Wednesday 10 December at 2 pan. 

Thursday 11 December as 11 am. 

Thursday 11 December at 2.30 p.m. 

Friday D December at 11 am. 

Christie's King Street Is open Ear viewing on 
Sundays from 2 pm--5 p.m. 

Royal Scottish Automobile Club 
11 Blytheswood Square, Glasgow 
Thursday 11 December at 7 pm. 

Fine Drawings and Paintings 
Information an Tel 332 &LS4 7 

TL JMenottis c 

1 he boy who grew too fast 

British*? Premiere 

\ and i i 

& tKen^^sitors 

Dec II, I), /■>. 16. 
17. IS. 19. 20. 22. 
21. 26. 27 at 
7. Wfun 

Dec 12. n. n. 
20, 26. 27 at 



Peter and the 



stage, for Sadlers Wells Royal 
Ballet by Staffs old colleague. 
Elisabeth Schooling with Up 
from Sally Gilmotur (who 
played the .Dock in the orig- 
inal production). Tbe premier 
was at Birmingham on Friday. 

Marion Tail finds a nice 
matter-of-fect maimer for Fe- 

Twenty-five paintings by . 


ter, enlivened by much ex- 1 
pressi ve use of her big wide 
eyes. At the Saturday matinee. 
Sandra Madgwiek gave an 
equally attractive account of 
the rote, «m phasmng its inno- 
cent pugnacity. The whole cast 
do their test with neatly 
differentiated but not very 
rich roles. 

The production is spon- 
sored by the Linbury Trust. 
One is not sui^osed to look a 
gift wolf in the mouth, but L 
think that although the gesture 
is generous its target is not 
well-chosen. I doubt that Staff 
would wish to be remembered 
for this alone. 

The programme also in- 
cludes a revival of. Kenneth 
MacMillan's early Solitaire, 
restoring its original designs 
by Desmond Hedey which 
suit the ballet’s .whimsical 
charm. Karen Donovan is 
ideal as the polka soloist; crisp 
dancing, perfect tuning, lots of 
personality. Joseph Cipolla 
finds both fun and poetry in 
the duets. The outer solo 
dancers struggled gamely 
a gain y r miscasting, partly 
caused by an epidemic of 
injuries in tire company. 




{stall* e ** AnuseMe) 

Christie’s South Kensington is open for tie wing on 
Mondays until 7 pjn. For further information on the 
16 sales this week, please telephone 01-581 ’’till 
Christie's have 25 local oriiccs in the U.KL 
If you would like to know the name ot vour nearest 
representative please telephone Amelia FitsaJan 
Howard on 01-839 9060 exm. 2805 


Guy ShqjpartTs decor is die 
most memorable feature of 
Peter and the Wolf, espedally 
the tree formed from two step- 
ladders, a plank and some 
outsize mops. Together with a 
dude pond shaped like a_ tin 
hath, and the most vestigial 
wafl imaginable to fence in the 
meadow, this provides a wi try, 
knowing false naivety that 
suits the Prokofiev music. The 
ballet is essentially an adult’s 
view of a child’s vision. 

Really this score, with its 
intrinsic commentary 
admirably spoken by Chris- 
topher Gable, - needs no 

illustration. Frank Staffs 
choreography does manage to 
provide a dever counterpoint 
to several passages,', visually 
contradicting what we have 
been told, and an exuberant 
accompaniment to others. But 
it is handicapped because the 
music is full of stops and 
starts. Consequently tbe 
dances .are pulled up short as 
sooo as' they get going. 

Tbe ballet was created in . 
1940 for Ballet Rambert and 
has just been revived, after 
some years absence from tire 

(1878- 1959) KCVO.PRA 
A major exhibition at 


41 New Bond Street, London W1Y Off 

01-629 2457 s 01-4990298 

All paintings are for sale 

a Penny 
fora ’ 

John Perdval 






Hot water 

for a cold 


Patriot, crank or profiteer? Peter Wright, the 
retired spycatcher, takes the witness stand 
today in the MI5 spy book trial in Australia. 
Michael Evans and Stephen Taylor consider 
how he will stand up under interrogation 

A frail, sick old mao of 70 wbo 
needs a stout stick to support his 
slow, painful steps and a constant 
supply of pills to keep him alive, 
will climb in to the witness box in a 
New South Wales court today to 
take on the British Government, the 
Establishment, Whitehall, and any- 
one else who stands against him in 
his personal crusade. It's the last 
throw of a dying man. 

For many, it may be difficult to 
associate the world of espionage and 
counter-espionage with a man like 
Peter Wright After 10 years of 
living in the hot and dusty hills of 
Tasmania, he has become accus- 
tomed to wearing floppy or wide- 
brimmed hats to protect his face. 
His long illness has bowed his 
shoulders and his apparent ob- 
session with events that go back 20, 
30, and even 40 years, give the 
impression of a sad, old man 
approaching the end of his days 
with bitterness in his heart and 
revenge on his mind. 

But it is easy to be misled by this 
picture of an angry, white-haired 
gentleman who spent much of his 
working life in a world that very few 
people understand or even care 
about For in many ways, he 
typifies, even at the age of 70, the 
kind of experience-hardened 
counter-espionage officer who, 
more than anyone else, understands 
the threat to Western society posed 

He left Britain in 
disgust that all his 
efforts to expose 
Soviet penetration 
had been in vain 

by the huge intelligence efforts of 
the Soviet Union and its satellites. 

Wright talks with the flat, un- 
emotional tones of a man who has 
spent years interrogating people 
who have committed treason 
against their country. Only his 
sharp. Woe eyes give away the fire 
that is still burning inside him. 

To Whitehall, he is a dangerous 
profiteering crank who is trying to 
undermine the security of the secret 
services. To many from the intelli- 
gence world of his own generation, 
he is a man who is seen as having a 
duty to hunt down those people he 
suspects of betraying his country, 
even though he has long since 
retired and even though many of 
those on his list have died 

In his timber shack in rural 
Tasmania, a framed Latin qnot&r 
tion hangs on a wall. It reads: 
“ Diiexijustmam et odi iniquUatem, 
propterea morior in ixilio .” It 

means: 44 I have loved justice and 
hated iniquity, therefore I live in 

To the small circle of people who 
know Wright and regard him as a 
friend, the quotation from Pope 
Gregory VII, is hauntingly apt He 
left Britain 10 years ago in frustra- 
tion and disgust that ah his efforts to 
expose Soviet penetration of MI5 
had been in vain because of what he 
saw as the deliberate attempt by the 
Establishment to cover up the 
devastating impact of what he had 
discovered through his painstaking 
interrogation of suspected double 

A former intelligence officer, who 
worked very closely with Wright 
during the mole-hunting period 
after the defection of Kim Phflby in 
1963, told The Times: “Wright was 
an extremely able man whom not 
everyone liked He was not in any 
way unbalanced He was excep- 
tionally devoted both to his country 
and to the task which he felt was 
crucial to safeguard the security of 
the nation. 

“There is a lot of talk about the 
young Turks in MI5 in those days 
and he was one of them. But this is a 
totally misleading term. Young 
Turks were people who believed in 
supplanting authority, but there was 
no suggestion of that. There was a 
genuine problem about Soviet 
moles inside the Security Service 
and Wright genuinely devoted him- 
self to exposing them. 

“The problems are unresolved to 
this day and Wright is not alone in 
feeling concern.” 

The view of Wright as the lifelong 
crusader and the supreme patriot 
has been tarnished by the revela- 
tions that he received at least 
£30,000 in royalties for collaborat- 
ing with the author Mr Chapman 
Pincher in 1980 for the book Their 
Trade is Treachery. But yesterday 
the former intelligence officer who 
asked for his name not to he 
published because of the present 
climate, said that the financial 
incentive for helping Pincher was 
not the primary motive. 

This was backed up by Mr 
Nicholas Hudson, who used to be 
managing director of Heinemann in 
Australia, the company that hopes 
to publish Wright’s book. Spy 
Catcher. “Peter has devoted his 
whole life to protecting Her Majesty 
against foreign threats. He is con- 
cerned that she is still under threat. 

chapter in a story which has been 
running for decades. Whether he 
can stand up to the sort of harsh 
cross examination faced by his 
opponent in the case, the 
Government’s chief witness. Sir 
Robert Armstrong the Cabinet Sec- 
retary, no one knows. He is very ill 
and can no longer talk with the same 
authority he displayed during the 
television interview with Grenada's 
World in Action two years ago. A 
senior official in the Government 
team has been quoted assaying that 
he would be shown no mercy just 
because he was ilL 
Wright was born in Essex, the son 
of an electronics engineer. He was 
educated at Chelmsford Grammar 
and then at a minor public school. 
Bishops Stortford College in 
Hertforshire. Though be was later to 
demonstrate a genius for technical 
wizardry, he began his working life 
on a farm in Perthshire and later 
studied forestry at die School of 
Rural Economy in Oxford. 

Getting poorer 
by degrees 


The government 

admitted last week 

that you couldn’t 
live on a student 

grant Just how 
poor are students? 

Whatever plans he may have had 

may nave i 

at that time fix’ his future, he 
changed his ideas and, with a 
brother already working for the 
Admiralty, Wright accepted a job 
with the Royal Navy’s scientific 

In the 1960s he had 
spent many hours 
interrogating Anthony 
Blunt, who confessed 
to his treason 

service arid later joined die electron- 
ics company Marconi where his 
father Maurice was also employed. 

He soon proved his talents and in 
19S5 he was approached by MIS 
and offered a job in the technical 
operations branch as scientific ad- 
viser. Those who knew him well 
said that much of the equipment 
which was later used by M35 for 
highly sensitive and controversial 
bugging operations bad been de- 
signed and developed by WrighL 

Wright was not satisfied with 
being just a technical expert He also 
had ambitions to be an interrogator, 
which apparently caused consid- 
erable resentment among some of 

the old guard. His moment came in 
1963 after tb 

Slow steps towards the truth: Peter Wright, still convinced of a cover-op 

He has done everything he could to 
influence others with his views, 
including two years ago sending his 
dossier [a 160-page report on Soviet 
penetration of MIS, called The 
Security of the United Kingdom 
Against the Assault of the Russian 
Intelligence] to the Conservative 
MP Sir Anthony Kershaw, chair- 
man of the Commons Foreign 
Affairs Select Committee. 

“That has had no effect Now he 
wants to try another way. Certainly 
he would like to earn some money. 
You only have to see the conditions 
he has been living in to see why. But 
the cause is everything to him . To 
say he is motivated by money is a 
travesty of the truth.” 

His neighbours in the hamlet of 
Cygnet, about an hour’s drive from 

Hobart, had no inkling of his prat 
when he arrived from Britain in 
1976 to live with his wife Lois in a 
convened hay shed with 23 hectares 
of land on which they started to 
breed Arab horses. They chose 
Tasmania because they have a 
daughter who lives there. They have 
a son, too, who lives in England but 
by the time he retired, Wright 
considered that the country he 
loved was overrun with Com- 
munists and left wing extremists. 
He was a man of the Cold War 
seeking exile in a hot dimate. 

Today WrighL clasping his brass- 
handled cane and suffering from a 
heart ailment and diabetes, is 
determined to have one more try to 
prove that he is a patriot, not a 
venal obsessive. It is the final 

the dramatic confirma- 
tion of Phil by as a Soviet double 
agent There were fears of more 
moles and it was agreed that a team 
of officers from both MIS and MI6 
would be set up to investigate the 
possibility of further penetration by 
the Soviet intelligence services, the 
KGB and the military version, the 
GRU. The team of seven officers 
was called the Fluency Committee. 
Wright was the chairman and from 
the very beginning one of the key 
names on the list or suspects was Sir 
Roger Hollis, the director-general of 

Wright became convinced, as did 
other members of the committee, 
that HoDis was a Soviet agent In his 
eyes, everything pointed to the man 
at the top. He spent many hours 
interrogating Anthony Blunt who 
confessed to his treason and those 
sessions also contributed vital 
pieces to the jigsaw puzzle. 

Legend has it that Sir Roger, 
shortly before he retired in 1965, 
called Wright to his office and asked 
him straight out why he thought he 
was a spy. Wright told him. But 
Hollis was cleared, albeit in a 
negative fashion, in a statement by 
Mrs Thatcher in 1981. 

But the Hollis affair has never 
been — and can never be — 
satisfactorily resolved. Yet Wright 
to this day is still fighting to prove 
the unprovable. It is why he will 
stand in the witness box today and 
why he will claim to his last breath 
that justice was never done. 


You see a bargain that 
won’t wait. And you just 
wish you’d enough 
money to buy it 
there and then. 

Weil, you can, with 
a Save & Borrow 
Account. By saving 
a certain amount, 
you can borrow up to a 
total of 30 times that 
amount — anytime — 
simply by writing a 



Respite of the iguana 

APR Is 2a 0% when you am borrowing and we 
pay4.35Vt i when you're saving. (Rates are variable). 

Suitable applicants must be over W 

Come and talk, or 

phone 01-200 0200 for a leaflet. 


One man’s meat is another 
man's poison, goes foe adage, 
and it seems stomacb- 
tumingly true in Latin Amer- 

In the Peruvian hi ghlands, 
campesinos sit down to a tasty 
meal of kitchen-grown, deep- 
fried guinea pig. In parts of 
Venezuela, they prefer black 
beans, rice and steaks from the 
capybara — a 90-pound water 
rat raised like cattle on 

Further north in Panama, 
the locals yearn for a dish of 
iguana stew. Bat in recent 
years there have been few of 
these leaf-eating lizards avail- 
able for the pot Iguanas have 
been hunted for millennia for 
their eggs and meat but now 
much of their tropical forest 
home has been cleared for 
farmland, in many areas this 
docile lizard seemed doomed 
to follow the dodo into extinc- 
tion and the locals to lose the 
main meat source in their 
stodge-rich diet. 

All tha t began to change this 
week, when hundreds of igua- 
nas, bora and raised in captiv- 
ity, were released into forests 
where the natural population 
had all but vanished. The aim 
of scientists from the Ameri- 
can Smithsonian Institution is 
to improve Latin American 
food supplies without destroy- 
ing more forest. 

The scientists also want to 
set up iguana forms and put 
commerrial quantities of the 
meat on the market. 

“Commerrial production of 
iguana meat is still six to eight 
years away,” said Dr Dagmar 
Werner of foe Smithsonian's 
Tropica] Research Institute in 
Panama. “But for the first 
time, we've learnt how to 
hatch iguana eggs and raise the 
hatchlings. In the wild, 95 per 
cent of these tiny creatures die 
in their first year but we can 
now safely raise practically all 
of them in captivity — a 
twentyfold increase in sur- 
vival rate.” 

Down in Panama 

scientists have come 

to the rescue of a 

disappearing staple 
dish — lizard stew 

foraging, iguanas' idea of 
heaven is a stout branch on 
which to sunbathe peacefully 
with other iguanas. 

Miss Miller said: “At first 
we placed 10 lizards in enclo- 
sures four yards square and 
fed them fruit, vegetables and 
plants. But we were molly- 
coddling them. We now know 
that you can keep 60 animals 

This seems easy now but 
there were problems at the 
outset Tracy Miller, one of 
the researchers, explained: 
“You. have to begin with eggs 
and so we caught pregnant 
wild females and corralled 
them in an open dealing- to 
lay. Thai was our first big 
mistake! The lizards dug such 
labyrinthine t unnels that we 
spent days digging and still 
didn't find all the eggs. Now 
we give them soil boxes to get 
at the eggs easily. That first 
tune we found 700 which went 
straight Into an incubator. 

“I came as dose to being a 
neurotic mother as it’s 
possible,” she said. “But h was 
like a dream when the eggs 
suddenly began to hatch.” The 
newly hatched lizards were 
whisked off to do their bit for 
science in rearing experi- 
ments. The experiments 
quickly showed that iguanas 
have remarkably human 
traits. Unlike chickens who. 
burn up energy by endlessly 

in one enclosure. They prefer a 
crowd and they also prefer 
sunbaked tree-top leaves that 
DO other animal can digest” 

Granted these simple 
requirements, the lizards 
rapidly. They convert 
into high quality meat as 
efficiently as the best beef 
cattle and reach maturity in 
three years. The females then 
lay 30 to 40 eggs a year — a 
prolific breeding rate. 

Dr Werner is encouraging 
local villages to set up their 
own small-scale lizard forms 
on the understanding ***** 
some of the one and two-year- 
old iguanas will be released 
into the surrounding forest. 
Volunteers are keeping track 
of releases and noting which 
predators are attacking them. 
The new colonies are being 
helped by plantings of lumber 
and fruit -trees — the iguana’s 
favourite food sources. 

successful^ so* for,” saidMDT 
Werner, “and I see no reason 
why we can't export our ideas 
to all the countries where 
iguanas once existed in the 

Iguana eggs, boiled in salt- 
water, are regarded as a deli- 
cacy and many villagers credit 
them with aphrodiske prop- 
erties. And foe stew, heavily 
spiced and tasting like gamey 
chicken with a not-unpleasant 
slightly fishy aftertaste, now 
seems destined to become a 
protein-rich staple throughout 
Latin America instead of a 
dwindling and occasional 
treat ' ... 

Keith Hindley 

One of foe more alarming bats 
of evidence submitted to the 
education select committee, 
which is inquiring into foe 
adequacy of current levels of 
student support, came from 
foe unlikely source of foe 
Committee of Vice-Chan- 
cellors and Principals. They 
told the select committee that 
university health centres were 
reporting a large increase in 
cases of student malnutrition. 

It was partly in response to 
such reports that the Govern- 
ment admitted for the first 
rime* last week that student 
grants were no longer able to 
meet basic expenditure needs. 

The admissi on delighted 
delegates to foe National 
Union of Students’ annual 
conference, which ends today. 
The NUS submitted evidence 
to the select committee, 
estimating that since 1 979 the 
full gram has declined by 21 
per cent in real terms (13 per 
cent according to the Depart- 
ment of Education and Sci- 
ence). Adam Gains, the NUS’s 
full-time researcher into stu- 
dent awards, believes his find- 
ings throw some light on 
reports of increasing mal- 
nutrition among students. 

Following the DHSS’s nu- 
tritional guidelines, Gains has 
calculated that the cheapest 
possible healthy diet works 
out at about £1 5.50 per week. 
Most students, according to 
NUS research, are only spend- 
ing £9.60 per week on food. 

Chris Britten, a second-year 
biology student at York 
University, agrees that foe 
cost of food is a problem. “As 
soon as I got to college I tried 

all foe dining halls to see 
which was the cheapest But 
college food isn't very filling.” 
Britten, however, is more 
comfortable than most “l get 
a full grant which is almost 
£2,000 for next year, so I'm 
better off than friends on 
small grants with no parental 

The NUS estimates that 
only 30 per cent of students 
get a full grant Some 70 per 
cent rely on parental contribu- 
tions and, of these, 43 per cent 
do not receive the full amount 
from their parents. 

**A11 students are adults", 
says Karin Smith, foe 22-year- 
old president of foe Univer- 
sity of East Anglia’s student 
union. “They should get a fidl 
grant and not have to rely on 
their parents' help. Most stu- 
dents are over 18 yet they’re 
no more independent than 

In the past students were 
able to reduce their depen- 
dence on parents by applying 
for rent rebates from their 
local authorities. But the 
Housing Benefit Amendment 
Regulations, introduced this 
July, mean that those living in 
halls of residence are no longer 

The problem for students 
living in non-university ac- 
commodation is that they still 

have to pay rent during foe 
summer vacation. They car. 
then apply for council assis- 
tance but only if they are 
actually resident on foe 
premises. This, like the pre- 
vious regulation, only came 
into effect this year with foe 
recent Social Security Act 

David McSorley, head of 
foe Housing Benefit Section 
on Oxford city council, says: 
“In foe past local authorities 
were prepared to bend foe 
rules and pay for students' 
summer rents. We simply 
won't be able to do that now 
unless the students spend foeir 
entire vacation in Oxford.” 

One consequence of in- 
creased financial burdens is 
that existing social divisions 
have been accentuated be- 
tween different groups of 

Fiona Bisset has just fin- 
ished a four-year BA honours 
in Business Studies at Buck- 
inghamshire College of Higher 
Education. Her parents cov- 
enanted their contribution to 
Fiona's income — £1,000 for 
each of foe first three years 
and £2.000 when the rules 
rhangari for her final year. 

The advantage of making 
foe contribution by a deed of 
covenant is that this enables 
the parent to obtain tax relief 
on the sum involved. For 
Fiona's final year, for in- 

PeAmANB vTx 


stance, she was able to get 
£600 back from foe Inland 
Revenue and re tur n it to her 
father, thereby reducing his 
total outlay to £ 1 ,400. 

For most students, how- 
ever, borrowing is the main 
source of additional revenue. 
Sean Langan came down from 
foe University of East Anglia 
this summer with a lower 
second in politics and history. 
He also had debts amounting 
to £ I ,! 50. “After accommoda- 
tion I was left with £40 a week. 
I just couldn't live on that” 

“More than 55 per cent of 
all students", says Grins, 
“have an overdraft at some 
stage in their university 
careers.” This figure is con- 
firmed by Robin Barker, the 
manager ofLioyds’ head office 
in Oxford, which handles 
more than 4,000 student ac- 
counts. “We automatically 
grant a £200 overdraft facility 
to our student customers. 
They are the seed com of our 
financial future.” 

The NUS dismisses foe 
view that this is mainly “beer 
and fag” money. “After 
subtracting the cost of travel, 
board, and lodging”, says 
Gains, “we reckon that most 
students on a full grant only 
have £3.96 per week left. You 
can't even get drunk on that. '' 



* A 


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Toby Young 



I Trouser straps (6) 

5 Binding strip (4) 

8 Intoxicating (5) 

9 Whistle cord (7) 

II Sorbet (53) 

13 Healing oQ (4) 

15 SaintPetmboig(9) 

18 Lowest value chess- 
man (4) 

19 Paris fortress (8) 

22 Diver's robe (7) 

23 Swallow ravenously 

24 Join together (4) 

25 Sycop(Qm(6) 


2 Heat excessively (S) 

3 Shy (3) 

4 California hi-tech 
area (7,6) 

5 Tinge (4) 

G Poster (7) 

7 Demonstrated (5) 

10 Lady (4) 

12 S African money (4) 

14 Worry (4) 

15 Secret information 

16 Musical work (4) 

17 Revolt (5) 

28 Grnb(5) ■ 

21 Satirical sketch (4) 
23 US petrol (3) 

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A runaway success 

Libby Panes finds an old Christmas message, French style 

Send them back and 
lock them up is the 
common approach to 
runaway children, but 
Sarah Drummon d met 
some beneficiaries of a 
different approach 

Karen was J4 when she firs* ran away 
from her children’s home. Picked up 
by the police, she was sem back, onlv 
to run away again and attain She 
survived by prostitution and con- 
tracted syphilis. 

Now aged 1 7. she savs her life has 
changed, thanks to a unique safe 
house in North London. Set up IS 
months ago by the Church of En glan d 
Children's Society, the house, with its 
secret address, acts as an informal 
sanctuary where runaways can re- 
cover, tell their story and receive 
realistic counselling. 

Its work is a stark contrast to die 
common practice of runaways being 
relumed directly, with no questions 
asked, to the very situation from 
which they seek to escape. And it has 
offered young people like Karen the 
chance, at least, fora decent life. She 
was made a ward of court at the age of 
six. was constantly moved from 
home to home, and had a historv of 

“I might have spent the rest of my 
life running away,” she was able to 
tell a seminar on young runaways in 
London last week. “It was "their 
attitude - the main thing is that we 
sat and talked. It’s not just that they 
were sympathetic, but they helped me 
look at the difficulties.” 

Her experience is echoed by 
Sherrie, once a runaway, now a 
volunteer worker at a London-based 
organization called National Assis- 
tance for Young People in Care. She 
says of the house: “It was like a 
million pairs of arms opening up to 

To date, the house has taken in 41 8 
young people — more boys than girls 
— mostly aged 14, IS and 16 (though 
some were as young as seven, one 25). 
The majority are from London and 
the south-east, the next biggest cate- 
gories from Scotland and the north. 

Most are referred by the police or 
the social services departments of 
Westminster and Camden; others 
come through organizations such as 
Centrepoim Night Shelter and the 
Soho Project- Most stay three days, 
ethers for a week, a few longer. Most 
are first-time runaways from their 
families; about a third have run away 
from local authority care. 

“There are as many reasons for 
running away as there are runaways,” 
Cathy Newman, the house’s research 
worker, explains. Drunkenness, vi- 
olence. rows, physical and sexual 
abuse — one in four of the girls has 

r^H ^ , • 

Out on the streets: a teenage runaway, found sleeping in a cardboard box 

been sexually abused at home. Bro- 
ken homes and lack of love are major 
underlying problems. 

Graeme Brown is a dynamic young 
Glaswegian who heads the team of 1 1 
workers at the safe house, its full 
name is Central London Teenage 
Project. CLTP for short; it’s often 
called, simply, the Project. “Our most 
basic prionty is to give them accom- 
modation, and get them off the 

‘Lack of resources 
isn’t the root 
of the problem’ 

streets.” be says. “They need a roof 
over their heads and dean, clothes, 
and they need to talk.” 

Young people arrive frightened, 
deeply suspicious of adults, usually 
lying about ages and names. They 
have been sleeping in squalid squats, 
telephone boxes, trains at Victoria 
Station or night shelters; a lot have 
turned to prostitution and petty, 
crime to survive. “The crucial thing is 
to gain their confidence.” 

An open file system has been 
created, built up by staff using every 
piece of information gleaned from the 
child about his or her life. Apart from 

its obvious usefulness to workers, it 
builds up trust: a young person can 
look into his own file day or night. 

All the telephone calls — to family, 
social workers, to the home from 
which the child has run away — are 
made in the child's presence, and 
nothing is done or said behind their 
backs. They are constantly en- 
couraged to think about the options, 
to be part of the decisions. 

“If you try to force, then eventually 
they won’t,” Brown says. “If you try 
to encourage, and seek co-operation, 
you might get it. We face exactly the 
same difficulty that every family feces 
— the balance between care and 

Much informal counselling takes 
place over mugs of coffee and bowls 
of spaghetti in the big, welcoming 
kitchen that looks out over the 
garden. The house is in a Victorian 
terrace, simply furnished and dean — 
“A place where you can think 
straight,” as one runaway put it A 
few messages of thanks are pinned on 
the walls, and some children’s 
drawings: they often draw what they 
dare not tell 

The young people help run the 
house, cooking, cleaning, doing laun- 
dry. It sleeps 12: most of the rooms 
are single, a few double, one triple 
(some are too fearful to sleep alone). 

There is a television room (much 
used), but talking is the main 

The sale house workers — vibrant 
young men and women with spiky 
hair, steady personalities and warm 
smiles — say that often the most 
difficult part of their job is talking to 
the family, particularly “if they won't 
admit there's a problem, and they're 
ignoring it, saying everything is 

In due course, a meeting is ar- 
ranged on neutral ground between the 
young person, their parents or some- 
one from the home, a local social 
worker and someone from CLTP. 
Many agree to return home. 

Social services can be extremely 

‘In theory we could 
be prosecuted for 
harbouring them’ 

uncooperative, in CLTFs view. *TI1 
give you an example,” Brown says. 
“We had a young person here who 
was returned to his family, with a 
promise from the local social service 
that there would be a check-up visit 
every three months. That hasn’t 

The argument is always the same: 
lack of resources. “Bui I don’t think 
that’s the root of the problem.” 
Brown says. "Project workers feel 
that social services are more in- 
terested in maintaining the status quo 
of the organization than acting in a 
way that is helpful to the individual. 
The opinions of the children, for 
example, are rarely sought” 

The law is another recurring prob- 
lem. “Theoretically we could come 
under prosecution by local authori- 
ties for harbouring runaways — we 
have been threatened with it” Brown 
says. The society is asking for a 
review of the childcare law. 

It costs £100.000 a year to run the 
safe house. Seventy per cent of this 
goes on salaries, telephone costs are 
enormously high, and the next biggest 
expense is feres. Last year 25 per cent 
of the funds were provided by the 
DHSS, 21 per cent by the West- 
minster City Council, and the rest 
was donated. 

The Children’s Society is now 
looking hard at runaway problems in 
other cities, particularly Birmingham, 
Manchester, Bradford, Leeds and 
Newcastle. They see an urgent need 
for halfway houses, where young 
people who are too damaged by their 
experiences to go back to their 
families or into care can spend time 
getting back on-track. 

Above all. they are researching into 
prevention of the problem. As Ian 
Sparks, Director oif the Children’s 
Society says, “We want to be the 
fence at the topofthediff, rather than 
the ambulance at the bottom.” 

e Ttaea Lfcdfrd 1386 

The address of the Children’s Society 
is : Edward Rudolf House. Margery 
Street, London. K’CIX OLJ. 

M ichelle Andree is a 
cosy figure: a 
Frenchwoman in 
her sixties with the sort of 
broad calm face \ou see in 
Mediterranean market 
places. The same wide, wise 
features were reproduced in a 
jesrei-brignt day figure of a 
woman cradled on her broad 
palm. “This is Madelon". she 
said tenderly. “My favourite. 
She is'briagiitg cheese in her 
basic! see? 

“Anc this” — she put liny 
Madelon down and disentan- 
gled an inch-high grinding 
stone from its packing — 
“belongs to Le Remouieur. 
the knife-sharpening man. 
whose name is Pam para. 
Here he is. with his black 

Around her. smiling calmly 
up from boxes of cotton wool, 
clutching iambs and sacks 
and drums and pumpkins 
and flagons of wine, lay a 
hundred more little figures, 
each set ranged around a 
blue-acd-white clad virgin, 
bearded Joseph and fat- 
legged Jesus. For Mme 
Andree has been a 
sanimniere for six decades 
and she is Britain's only 
maker of the traditional “Lit- 
tle Saints” of Provence. 

She was on a rare trip to 
London from her home in 
Lyniington. arranging an ex- 
hibition of her cribs and 
sokioks at the Insutut 
Francais in Kensington. 

The senior, nativity craft 
goes back to an early 19th- 
century peasant devotion in 
Provence when, after making 
the Holy Family and the ox, 
ass. shepherds and kings, 
some early modeller decided 
to make figures of a whole 
village coming with its trib- 

So knife sharpeners, 
millers, cheesemakers, mid- 
wives with cradles and spin- 
ning-women with real wool 
wound delicately around 
their maxchstick spindles 
were fashioned: stories grew 
up around them to amuse the 
children, folk songs and tales 
were embroidered by more 
sophisticated authors, and 
the legend grew. Even a 
character called Le Brigand 
or Boumian (Bohemian) 
comes to the crib. 

Mme Andree flicked pack- 
ing straw carefully from the 
hat of her own finger-sized 
Brigand, and fell into dialect 
to quote his traditional lines: 
“Forgive the poor Bohemian, 
help his misery, promise him. 
Lord, a comer in your 
Paradise.” She put him down 
with the others. “When they 
see him coming, the poor 
little Santons are frightened, 
and huddle together. The 
men gather round the Baby to 
defend him. But the Boumian 
throws down — so — his has 

with a 

ppof tcvwacff 

.f m . rt* ^ w^wsbt: 

5 **SEsr +'+■’ '■”'& 

Small world; .Michelle Andree 

and knife, and promises 
never to do evil again." 

It is difficult not to be 
drawn into the intense clay 
world of the santons; at least, 

1 have always found it so. Hie 
Christmas message, cheap- 
ened in every shop window 
by Disney reindeer and sili- 
con-chip Santas, is wonder- 
fully revived by the spectacle 
of a homely bunch of vil- 
lagers surrounding the crib, 
honest tradesmen nibbing 
shoulders with brigands and 
drunkards, the village idiot 
flinging up his arms and M Le 
Maine making a speech. 

Michelle Andree has lec- 
tured all over Europe and 
made families of santons 
privately for French dip- 
lomats, but her remarkable 
skill goes sadly under-used. 

S he is a craftswoman: her 
figures, even the tiniest, 
have delicately pinched 
day feces, gesticulating arms 
and clothes painted with 
incredible intricacy. The 
Three Kings have gold fleurs- 
de-lis on .their, robes,.. the, 
peasant women’s full skirts 
are scattered with pinhead 
flowers. When the fisherman- 
Titin brings fish for the Christ 
Child, they have gleaming 
individual scales. 

Despite her yean in Hamp- 
shire (she moved to England 
with her husband in 1951). 
Michelle Andree is still hap- 
pier speaking French. Her 
father, a Swiss, died when she 
was five, and she became 
close to her Provencal grand- 
father. She first heard from 
him the rambling complex 
legend of the santons: how 
the tears of the blind man 
were caressed by the Holy 
Child and his sight returned; 
how the miller Bamabeu 
despaired when the mill 
would not turn to make a gift 
of flour, but an angel dropped 
a sack on to his shoulder 
through a hole in the roof. 

At five she decided: “It was 
my metier. I began to model. 
i have had the clay in my 
bands ever since.” She does 
not fire the clay; her tech- 
nique is humbler and older 
than that of the modem 
French master-Muuoiyi/ere 
like Carbone! of Marseilles 
and Fouques of Aix, both of 
whom she praises generously 
and has included in her 

T wo months ago, after a 
long illness, her hus- 
band died after 47 
years of marriage: “Since 
then, only our small friends 
have saved me. Sometimes, 
when 1 work. 1 think of the 
sun shining in Provence in 
happy old days, and I paint 
all their faces very gay." 

Shops in Britain, in- 
credibly. have shown little 
interest in her figures and the 
ramshackle day stables they 
stand in. Her prices are 
startlingly low by French 
standards, as little as £1 for 
some hand-painted figures. 
She needs to keep working all 
the lime both for money — 
she is badly off - and to 
occupy her present grief. 

It seems the British taste is 
for brash glazed statuettes 
and plastic nativities. The 
tender peasant world of 
santons has not yet touched 
us: it is, after all, a local and 
intimate tradition from the 
other side of the Channel. But 
when Mme Andree wrote a 
short story about the legends 
to distribute at her lectures, 
she urged at the end of it a 
sense of universality: 

“Is it Provence? Is it Pal- 
estine? Here are shepherds, 
sheep with soft white wool, 
angels, little saints of raw 
clay . . . there are hearts that 
sing Noel, and a great prayer 
floating across the world. 
Tomorrow, for all men, wall 
be a beautiful day. Happy 

t£) Tonra N m wp ^a ra UiMtad 1986 

Michelle Andree's “Santon” 
exhibition is at the Institut 
Francois in Queensberry 
Place. London SW7 until 
December IS. 

\ OtfBi 

43 ? 

Safe in the hands of the hypnotist? 

9 Dr Joseph Jaffe, a Manchester physician and 
fon&er Mayor of Salford, was found guilty on Friday 
of serious professional misconduct by the General 
Medical Council after treating a wealthy patient for 
stress with hypnosis and drugs. The patient's family 
said it had completely changed his personality. 

Whatever else may have been 
at the heart of the Jaffe case, 
hypnosis certainly wasn’t, 
according to its medically 
qualified defenders. And the 
tact that it has once again been 
iinked to mind control is an 
unfortunate hiccup in the 
development and acceptabil- 
ity of hypnosis as a treatment. 

“Hypnosis is a mild sort of 
thing,” said Dr David 
Pedersen. & general physician 
and immediate past president 
of the Metropolitan branch of 
the British Society of Medical 
and Dental Hypnosis. “It 
doesn't involve the use of 
drugs of any kind and vou 
can't be made to do anything 

against your will." 

The British Society of Medi- 
cal and Dental Hypnosis now 
has 1.700 members - all must 
qualify' as doctors or dentists 
before they are accepted tor 

training — and hypnosis is 
important enough to have its 
own section in the Royal 
Society of Medicine. 

One member of the 
BSMDH who uses hypnosis in 
his dental practice said: 
“Hypnosis is a state of altered 
consciousness in which the 
power of suggestibility greatly 
increases. It is simply an 
extreme form of relaxation.” 
It is most useful, therefore, in 
conditions caused by anxiety: 
phobias, obsessive behaviour, 
some sexual problems, social 
disabilities like stammers and 
tics, and psychosomatic ill- 
nesses, where tension gives 
rise to physical symptoms. 
And it can be effective against 
addictions like smoking or 

Id dentistry, it can be used 
to overcome patients' fears of 
choking or having injections. 

Bachelors don’t 

have to be gay 

and in the right subjects as a 
mild anaesthetic. Less com- 
monly in Britain, it is used 
during pregnancy to ease la- 
bour and childbirth. 

Dr Pedersen is emphatic 
that hypnosis should be used 
only by qualified doctors and 
dental surgeons and clinical 
psychologists working with 
them who will take a proper 
history. In unski lied hands, 
hypnosis used to remove 
bothersome behaviour pat- 
terns may be dangerous if such 
behaviour is merely the out- 
ward manifestation of deeper 
mental or physical problems. 

The most contentious issue, 
however, is the way in which 
unscrupulous practitioners 
can take advantage of their 
subjects. John Tiernan, dep- 
uty chairman of the British 
Dental Health Foundation, 
who studies hypnosis tech- 
niques, said: “You can’t 
hypnotize someone against 
their will But a person in a 
very relaxed state can come to 
rely on the hypnotist — and 
that isn’t good.” 

Professor Martin Orne. a 
leading research worker on 

This is not 3 good time io be a 
bachelor, confirmed or other- 
wise. Mv estimable colleague, 

Frank Johnson, reports that at 

a vetting session for 

Tory !»*>' candicates, un 


being selected for tear o 
falling victim to a disease that 
we are all beginning , to 

had remained unmennonable. 
As if homosexuality was c °n- 
flned to single men. As£ 

married ones never mned 

SLT hfd had any 

and eligible they might be- 
seem to ^ 
picion that 

today, Mrs i ~‘ u, 7. nh i single 

man of large i fortune: ° a 

five thousand 
fine thing for our 
would be mcU ned to iocx up 


for a young man to make his 
wav in the world before taking 
a wife. Jt meant that by the 
time he was ready to climb 
into a morning-coat with a 
white carnation in the button- 
hole he had acquired some 
commendable habits. He 
knew how to send dirty 
clothes to the laundry, how to 
choose a good restaurant, how 
to make his own bed before 
lying on it If men earned on 
in this admirable, fashion for 
quite a few years, it was 
charitably assumed that they 
were waiting for The Right 
Girt rather than The Wrong 

1 think we may now be 
gening into a situation where 
men will feel under pressure to 
marry young, in order to 
avoid suspicion. This will 
crate difficulties, since young 
women are under a similar 
pressure to marry late. How 
odd if men are persuaded to 
become husbands for the sake 
of their careers while women 
are asked to say single for the 
good of theirs. 

What is the dedicated career 



woman to do? Many in haste 
before the supply of good guys 
has dried up, or wait, cyni- 
cally. for them to come on the 
market the second time 
around, after a first, too-early 
marriage has ended in tears 
and alimony payments? 1 do 
not care to consider either of 
these options too deeply. 

There is a further muddle in 
this new discrimination 
against the single male. The 
prevailing morality would 
have him married. The 
prevailing morality would 
also have him follow a career 
— management consultancy, 
investment banking, oil-trad^ 

hypnosis, found that people 
only acted severely out of 
character after hypnosis if 
they had formed an intense 
and emotional relationship 
with their hypnotherapist 

He conducted an experi- 
ment in which hypnotized 
subjects were told to throw 
what they believed to be a 
beaker of acid in someone’s 
fece. The subjects had seen the 
experimenter dissolve a coin 
in the beaker, and yet they still 
threw its contents. But 
unhypnotized subjects also 
threw the make-believe add, 
and Orne concluded that it 
was not hypnosis that clouded 
the judgement but entrenched 
ideas about obedience to 

We don’t have to be hypno- 
tized to be suggestible, how- 
ever, which is how con-men 
separate rich widows from 
their money. It would be a 
pity, therefore, if hypnosis, so 
beneficial when delivered pro- 
fessionally, should again be 
singled out for suspicion. 

Denise Winn 


ing — which involves much 
foreign travel business din- 
ners and working weekends. It 
is like a plot by Joseph Heller 
young man needs wife in order 
to be acceptable as a prospec- 
tive parliamentary candidate. 
Young man whose career 
allows him enough time to 
look for a wife would not be 
considered acceptable. 

I do not mink for one 
minute that the rejection of 
single men is confined to the 
Tory party. Nor do I think 
that such rejection is based on 
the assumption that the un- 
married man is a dangerous 
animal who could bring the 
political system into 
disrepute. Political parties are 
predisposed towards the mar- 
ried man because they know 
that, in choosing him, they 
will be getting two tireless 
constituency workers for the 
price of one. 

This is the time of the year 
when everything that you have 
ever wanted is whisked out of 
the shops and everything that 
you wouldn't dream of giving 
house-room is put in its place. 
Since every ooject deemed by 
manufacturers to be a suitable 
Christmas present is so utterly 
horrible, this is also the time of 
year when one can agree 
completely that it is better to 
give than to receive. 


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TWO THINGS HAVE PUT the small town 
of Lynchburg, Tennessee on the map. One is the J§g 
distillery you’re looking at, the oldest registered 
distillery in America. The other is the unique 
whiskey that’s produced here, Jack Daniel’s. 

It’s always been distilled here, and only ever 
here. And its been a way of life for over 100 
years. So no wonder people call it good of 
Tennessee sippiri whiskey 

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Conor Cruise O’Brien assesses American feelings after the arms-for-Iran 

Michael Meadowcroft 

discovery that their president was not snch a good guy after all 


from us all 

David Owen is again in trouble for 
sending birthday greetings at 
taxpayers’ expense to 18-year-olds 
in bis Devonport constituency. 
The identical letters received by 
young voters in October all bore 
the Commons' telltale frank. 
Under House of Commons rules, 
the use of its free stationery and 
letter franking service is forbidden 
for circulars and birthday greet- 
ings. In March, when be feU fool of 
the same rules and had to pay bade 
the cost of the postage, Owen said 
he was unaware be had been in 
breach of Commons practice. Two 
months later, at bis request, be 
was sent a oopy of the rules by the 
Commons services committee. 
Now Labour MP Aif Morris has 
complained once again Owen 
tells me he thought he had come to 
an agreement with the Serjeant at 
Arms to use the post room and pay 
later. “Obviously we're in the 
wrong, and I'm responsible,*' he 
added contritely. 

Whenever President Reagan is in 
a little trouble, his political oppo- 
nents are happy. But when, as 
now, he is in a lot of trouble, then 
so is everyone. And so is America. 

I was there for most of Novem- 
ber, lecturing in 12 dries coast-to- 
coast Most of the people I talked 
to were not Reagan supporters, 
but most were upset by the extent 
of his troubles and his confused 
responses. They watched him on 
television hoping that this time he 
would do better, but he didn't It 
was lik e a nightmare of a man 
foiling downstairs in slow motion, 
the dreamer vicariously feeling 
each bump. 

The horror of this particular 
nightmare was that its central 
rhftfaeter had figured in earlier 
nightmares — ■ Vietnam, Water- 
gate, the Tehran hostages — in the 
role of rescuer. Ronald Reagan 
was elected to put America on a 
new course, but now here we are 
apparently beading right bade to 


-m wh k wrote 


cut our tosses 

/r* \m 


r jk from wall street 

Battle station 

; The new London docklands air- 
port, scheduled for completion at 
the end of next year, has hit a snag: 
no one likes its name, Stolport, 
1 taken from “Short take-off and 

■ landing airport". Officials in avi- 
! ation minister Michael Spicer’s 

department have been pondering 
' ■ a suitable alternative. One sugges- 
; ■ tion, understood to have Spicer's 
support, is to name it Domdmg 
Airport, after Lord Dowding. It 

■ was he, as bead of Fighter Com- 
; maud during the Battle of Britain, 

■ who saved the docks from bong 
: reduced to a pile of nibble by the 

Luftwaffe — an act it took the 
dockers’ union and the developers 
finally to accomplish. 


The solicitor’s search reveals there 
are no plans by Prince Charles 
to set up a scheme for the homeless' 

Furry foes 

Malcolm Turnbull, the Australian 
lawyer representing Peter Wright 
in the MI5 book case, is no 
. stranger to British customs. As a 

• Rhodes scholar, he studied civil 

- law at Brasenose College, Oxford, 
; where contemporaries referred to 

• him as “wombat” (on account of 
; being cuddly and Australian). “He 

• was very articulate and bright I 
' expected him to go into politics," 

his former tutor tells me. “Fm not 
at all surprised by his performance 
’ in the Australian courts." So Sir 

■ Robert, the “wally among the 
wallabies", was taking on a woro- 
bat all along. 

; • Our own dear National Union of 

- Journalists isn't offe rin g quite the 
! value for money it has always 

■ chimed. On the back of the new 
; contributions card for 1987 are 

printed the words “Valid 1986 
; only”. Memos calling for the 
cards' recall have been hurriedly 
: sent to branch secretaries. 

Tough at the top 

: The London Residuary Body — 
; the slimline, cost-efficient succes- 
‘ sor to the GLC — has given its 
i 3, 500 staffa handy Christinas box: 
' an inflation-beating 6 per cent pay 
• increase backdated to July. This 
; award, shared by other local 
' government workers, is nothing, 
\ however, to what the Reskl’s top 
; managers can expect Eight 
‘ departmental heads have won an 
. extra 2 per cent as compensation 

■ for their not being able to Haim 

■ overtime. 

I Up in arms 

So much for sex equality in this 
great party of ours. As a change in 
election methods threatens to 
wrest control of the London 
Labour Party from the left, I hear 
that chairman Glenys Thornton is 
under pressure. The reason: trade 
union brothers on the executive 
disapprove of her breast feeding 
ber three-month-old child while 
presiding over meetings. 

• Dirty Den has mm a prize, but 
it’s not an Oscar. It’s a red rosette 
in the cross-bred continental steer 
category of the Royal SnrithfieH 
Show. And he's a bull. 

Third dimension 

A recent visitor to Rome tells me 
ofhis astonishment on reading the 
inscription on Bonnie Prince 
Charlie's tomb in St Peter’s: 
■ “Carolus CQ Magnae Britannae 
Rex". That, it transpires, was how 
i the contemporary Pope addressed 
- him. So, my correspondent asks, 
should the Prince of Wales be 
crowned Charles IV when he 
succeeds to the throne? A further 
twist to the story comes from the 
tomb next to Bonnie Prince 
Charlie’s: that ofhis brother. This 
-carries the inscription: “Cardinal 
King Henry IX of England and I of 
Scotland". For someone who 
started life as a Protestant, that’s 
not bad going. PfJS 

My recent visit brought home to 
me the monarchial nature of the 
American presidency and its 
quasi-magi cal bond with the peo- 
ple. The health of the monarch 
and the health of the kingdom are 
closely connected. If the monarch 
behaves oddly, seeming to be sick, 
that is bad news for all his 
subjects, whether they like him or 
not And in all the cities I visited I 
got the feeling that the people were 
a bit off colour because their 
president was in the toils. 

Reagan was well equipped for 
the presidency because he could 
act the part to perfection. But it is 
precisely because of this that he 
has let the people down. The most 
trusted of all good guys, he has 
violated the rules of the kind of 
simple but powerful theatre 
through which be had made his 
presidency intelligible and re- 
assuring by selling guns to tire 
most villainous of all baddies, 
Ayatollah Khomeini. 

Skulduggery, even foiled skul- 
duggery, could have been con- 
doned had it been a recognizably 
Reaganesque form of skulduggery; 
if for example, Oliver North had 
been caught putting something in 
the Ayotallah's mint-tea to make 
his beard foil out. But it is the 
eccentricity of Reagan's actual 
conduct, the outlandish departure 
from the script, that troubles 
people deeply. If he could do drat, 
while saying the opposite with 
apparent conviction, what might 
he not do next? 

The President’s explanations, as 
they developed, compounded the 
damage and deepened the distrust 
If he could have stuck to the 
simple story that he was just trying 
to rescue hostages he would nave 
got a reasonably favourable hear- 
ing. But for some reason that 
would not da Perhaps, to his 
advisers, it sounded too naive. Or 
perhaps it seemed dangerously 
close to what is probably the full 
truth: that he did indeed want to 
get hostages rescued, but by a 

Only one exit 
now for 
King Ronald 

specific date, in time to help swing 
foe midterm elections in favour of 

foe midterm elections in favour of 
foe Republicans. And that would 
be getting dangerously close to the 
motivation of Watergate. 

In any case, Reagan switched 
his story, to claiming that the real 
motive behind the arms deal was 
to influence the succession to 
Khomeini. There were two things 
wrong with this story. Frist, it was 
wildly implausible. The idea that a 

Shortly after this newspaper 
moved its publishing operations 
to Wapping, 1 wrote two articles of 
an extraordinary, indeed a unique, 
quality. They were the first articles 
ever printed in a national news- 
paper in this country to catalogue, 
in great detail, foe appalling story 
of corruption, extortion, broken 
agreements, swindling, cheating 
and dishonour that for decades 
had characterized the conduct of 
the newspaper {Hinting onions. 

The reason that my two articles 
could not have been printed 
before is, of course, that foe 
unions would have stopped the 
presses and prevented snch 
information reaching tire public. 
At the same time I mamtaiwed, 
and shall continue to tnainwiri, 
that the ultimate responsibility for 
these practices lay with newspaper 
managements, whose folly, cow- 
ardice, incompetence and mutual 
treachery had allowed — in some 
cases encouraged — these tilings to 

Although I could 1 have pub- 
lished a catalogue a dozen times 
foe length of my inevitably selec- 
tive and abb revia ted list, 1 do not 
propose today to go over foe same 
ground. In stead, I want to address 
myself to a separate aspect of the 
move to Wapping and what has 
followed ft. My theme is the 
almost incredible lack of realism, 
foresight and, above all, leader- 
ship that the print unions have 

It is by now well known that 
some 5,000 printing workers were 
dismissed after going on strike; the 
strike was the immediate trigger 
for the move to Wapping. But the 
shedding of so much labour, 
which in the absence of a strike 
would have been done over 
several years by redundancy nego- 
tiations, was an inevitable part of 
the move eastwards, for the 
technology by which foe papers 
are now produced did not involve 
or need such numbers, or indeed a 
tenth of them. 

As I have also said before, 
sympathy is a very proper reaction 
to foe reality of so many hawfc 
becoming so abruptly un- 
necessary. even if the method of 
their disposal was foe result of 
their own folly. (One of foe first 
rules of warfare is: if the enemy 
wishes you to play into his hawh 
do not oblige him by doing so.) 

For those who have not fol- 
lowed events closely, or grasped 
the details of what the printing 
unions are demanding, it may 
come as a shock to learn that they 
are still insisting that ail those 

bunch of Reaganite aides, dump- 
ing around T ehran, could in- 
fluence Iran's fundamentalist 
Muslim leadership is as probable 
as a delegation of Shf ite dergy 
flying to America to swing foe next 
Republican convention in favour 
of George Bush. 

Secondly, this explanation 
sounded too dever by half 
Reagan isn’t expected to be clever; 
he is expected simply to be honest 
and consistent The idea that he 
suddenly abandoned honesty and 
consistency to get dever is not 
appealing, especially as this 
particular brand of cleverness 
went disastrously wrong. 

Reagan's appointment last week 
of Frank Cariucd as National 
Security Adviser got a good press 
and has reassured America’s 
friends and allies. Bui it can hardly 
be reassuring to the President 
himself , for many .take it to mean- 
“I did nothing wrong, and I hereby 
guarantee that I won't do ft again" 
For what appeals to the public, 
from Carlucd’s record, is that he 
seems not the soft of man who 
could, be drawn into snch secret 
transactions as those over Iran. 

The appointment is believed to 
have foe approval of George 
Shultz, the Secretary of State, who 
has dearly made known his strong 
disapproval of Reagan’s personal 
forays into foreign policy. A Stale 
Department spokesman welcom- 
ed the choice in language 
characteristic of this Hollywood- 
obsessed administration: “If you 
went to Central Casting you 

couldn't get a better NSC 

Shultz’s survival, combined 
with CarluccTs appointment, 
seems to suggest that Reagan 
himself will in f u t u re play a less 
intrusive role in foreign amirs and 
security. Reagan has it in his 
power, of course, to sack Shultz, or 
Carlucci, or both, at any time. But 
ifhedid he would slip even further 
in the polls and be in worse 
trouble with Congress. He knows 
that, bad as things are now, they 
will get worse in January when 
Democrats take over the leader- 
ship of the Senate committees. 

His agreement to appoint an 
“independent investigator” can 
do nothing to pre-empt or inhibit 
a much more formidible in- 
vestigation, managed and pubh- 

by his political opponents, 
til. now, Reagan has often 

been able to overawe Congress, 
and stampede his opponents, by 
the magic of his own personal 
charisma. But by going oat of 
character, he seems to have blown 
most of that And, apart from his 
own filling , dose associates have 
a baddie air. To avoid incriminat- 
ing himself, Oliver North, whom 
Reagan hailed as a national hero 
(just after firing him ) has pleaded 
the Fifth Amendment about 40 
times — a practice linked in foe 
American mind with mobsters. 
Reds, traitors and other villains. 
There is a crime novel in which 
the v illain ’s nick-same if Fifth, 
because of the frequency with 
which he had availed himself of its 

Bernard Levin: the way we live now 

Army failed by 
. its eenerals 

dismissed should have their jobs 
back. Ignore for the moment that 
foe wicked Murdoch would not 
trust them inside the gates, assume 
if you like that he is intent upon 
grinding them into the dust for the 
sheer pleasure of doing so, and 
then contemplate the stark, fret 
that foe leaders of foe printing 
unions are demanding foal 5,000 
men should be taken on at 
Wapping to do jobs that literally do 
not exist, and never wiU exist 
again. Now how can anyone, 
whether Rupert Murdoch or St 
Teresa of Avila, be expected to 
treat seriously with people so for 
removed from reality? 

That extraordinary fret may 
stand, as re pr esentative of the 
countless folhes and blunders the 
print union leaders have been 
responsible for since the bomb 
went off But it is necessary to 
specify some of the others. 

They are, fo r insta nce, still 
insisting that the EETPU workers 
at Wapping should come out on 
strike — more, that they should be 
ordered by their leaders to come 
out on strike. Again, put aside the 
rights and wrongs, the sympathies 
and hostilities, and ask: what is the 

point of even listening to people 
who understand so little of their 
own situation that they can come 
up with a proposal tike that, and 
expect to see it carried out? 

Nor is foal by any means alL 
Why do they suppose that the 
leaders of the TUC have repeat- 
edly washed their hands of the 
print-workers and their case? 
Partly, of course, because of the 
long years during which the 
industrial conduct of the printers 
brought the whole trades union 
movement into haired, ridicule 
and contempt, but much more 

because the TUC — not the wisest 
body in Christendom, but not 
entirely unable to see a church 
steeple in daylight — cannot get 
into foe beads of tire print union 
leaders foe fret that since they 
cannot have the sun, the moon 
and foe stirs, a couple of ploughed 
fields, which they could have, 
would be better than nothing. 

Now look at Miss Brenda Dean, 
the leader of Sogat. From foe day 
of her election, she was widely 
portrayed as the very model of a 
modem trades union leader, in 
sharp contrast to the hopeless Mr 
Dubbins of foe NGA, stranded for 
up foe beach as the tide goes out. 
And what did she actually do 
when wisdom and initiative, 
based on a realistic appraisal of the 
facts, were required? In the ballot 
that followed the first round of 
negotiations with Murdoch, she 
ran away from even making a 
recommendation of acceptance of 
foe terms offered, and although 
she did recommend acceptance in 
the ballot after the second round, 
she can hardly claim much credit 
for doing so, since one of the 
conditions was that she would 
have to recommend acceptance. 

That is not leadership; it is 
Harold Wilson’s substitute for it. 
And note that if she had wanted to 

make a fight of it, sire had one 
weapon which might by itself have 
enabled her to win; she could have 
freed her dismissed members with 
the brutal fret that away from 
London, Sogat workers had been 
cheerfully continuing their 
employment (on foe distribution 
ride) with foe enemy, and happily 
talcing his shilling at foe eaid of foe 
week. Surely sense 'would have 
prevailed, even outside foe gates 
of Wapping, if foe implications of 

that had been hammered home. 

As ft happens, the picketing at 
Wapping is now little more than a 
token presence, though there have 
been some violent attacks on the 
newspaper vans (driven, it should 
be noted, by paid-up TGWU 
-members). Many of foe dismissed 
printing workers have got other 
jobs, rad many others have ac- 
cepted foe redundancy terms of- 
fered, ex gratia, by the company. I 
take no pleasure, and I do not 
know anyone who does, in seeing 
foe survivors of a beaten army 
standing for hours in bad weather 
with foieir now decaying posters, 
all because their freely chosen 
representatives led them into a 
tune and have ever since done 
nothing that might get them out of 
ft. 1 would welcome a move by foe 
management to reopen the now 
dosed redundancy offer, though I 
cannot believe that there will be a 
third round of negotiations. 

At foe weekend of the dash to 
Wapping, foe Sunday Times car- 
ried a leading artide which out- 
lined foe future of tire newspaper 
printing industry, a future rig- 
nailed by foe move to Wapping 
itself The leader ended like this: 
“It will be a painful process of 
adaptation for some of foe 
country’s most conservative 
unions, but it is inevitable if foe 
print unions are to survive foe 
coming revolution. Their alter- 
native, of course, is to use their 
industrial muscle to try to keep 
things as they are. But that way 
they risk losing everything." 

Welt they risked and tost As I 
say, sympathy is in order, but we 
should keep in mind another 
paragraph from that same leader: 

“ 1985 as a whole saw the loss of 

277.000 copies of the Sunday 
Times. 3.800,000 News of the 
Worlds. 7,860,000 Sunday Peo- 
ples. 6.300.000 Sunday Mirrors. 

441.000 of The Times. 659,000 
Stars. 1,290,000 of the Financial 
Times. 5.690,000 Guardians. 

4.100.000 Daily Telegraphs. 

5.430.000 Daily Mails. 1,250,000 
of foe Daily Express, 23.200,000 
Suns and 35,300.000 Mirrors 

Making spies 

protection. So when Ronald 
Reagan’s “national hero" “ takes 
the Fifth" 40 times running, foe 
whiff of something fishy cooking 
in the White House grows stronger . 

Watergate was worse than any- 
thing that has yet happe n ed, or 
seems likely to happen, to Reagan 
Yet I suspect that Reagan feels 

more deeptythan Nixcm ever felt 
anything at alL An actor loves to 
be loved, and Ronald Reagan at 
foe height was greatly loved by the 
greatest audience that there is, at 
foe centre of the greatest show on 
earth. For all that to so sour on 
you at the beginning of the last an 
most be a shattering experience. 
No wonder that he speaks of 
“bitter bile" in his mouth or 
begins to rave a little about 
“circling sharks" that have 
scented blood 

Central Casting, in the old days, 
if asked to fill the pan of King 
Lear, would have been unlikely to 
have come up with Ronald 
Reagan. Reagan himself if offered 
the part, would probably have 
turned it down. But ft seems, now, 
that there may be no other part left 
for him to play. 

Politically speaking, what is 
happening in Washington seems 
quite salutary. It is good that 
government by showbiz should be 
brought into disrepute, that some 
cowboys should be forced to leave 
the stage, that foe rule of law be re- 
inforced. In that sense, Reagan’s 
debacle is of greater value to his 
Country Than any thing Hsp in hlS 
presidency. But it is impossible to 
withhold some sympathy from the 
man enduruq; the debacle. . 

The old actor must know in his 
bones by now that there is no way 
that be can have a decent curtain, 
except by dying in office. That way 
there is a great funeral, a playback 
of the earlier, happier scenes, and 
a lovely part for Nancy. And that 
funereal spectacle is alto, I believe, 
what the people want. The people 
like their king to know foe time to 
die; and their beloved actor to 
know foe time to leave the stage. 

© Tram Ifcnrapapos, 1988. 

I would make a very poor spy, 
even though years of sitting 
through by-election press con- 
ferences has been wonderful train- 
ing for keeping a straight face in 
every conceivable circumstance. 
It’s just that the Walter Mi tty type 
of fantasy tends to make me giggl& 

In common with other MPs I 
met socially one of the Russians 
expelled from Britain earlier this 
year. He was good company and 
we had mutual interests, including 
music, about which we talked 
most of the time. I pondered later 
on his potential as a spy and 
whether he sent back appro- 
priately critical reviews of my 
darinet playing. 

My only other contact with an 
allegrd spy was to have known foe 
late Harry Newton as a valued 
friend for almost 20 years. Harry 
was riampH by Cathy Masriter on 
Channel 4’s Twenty Tw'emy Vi- 
sion programme as an MI5 mole 
inride CND. I still find foe 
suggestion ludicrous, but it does 

sow worrying seeds m one s mmo. 
If Harry could secretly be report- 
ing on the left for a Conservative 
government, who else might be 
doing foe same? It has a damaging 
effect oh one’s relationships and 
twif fc to undermine foe natural 
trust between friends. 

Recently a young South African 
rpp t-ar tp-H me in a roundabout 
way. He said he had been with 
Boss — foe Bureau of State 
Security — and claimed that 
certain well known anti-apartheid 
campaigners were in fret Boss 

inhibit white emigration by allow, 
ing people to take only a token 
sum out of the country; one 
Rhodesia Front MP put a substan- 
tial sum into blade hands to keepa 
black newspaper going in return 
for an equivalent sum being 
placed in a Swiss bank account. 
Such high principled action must 
surely have been known to the 
Rhodesian special branch but they 
did nothing about it, and Mato, 
foe newspaper in question, was 
duly revived. 

Nor am I convinced that there 
are very many secrets left. The 
Reagan administration is obses- 
sive about preventing high tech- 
nology foiling into Soviet bloc 
bands. All foe Nato countries, plus 
Japan, are members of Coco in, 
which forbids foe export of any 
mili tarily sensitive equipment to 
East Woe countries. However, 
while trying to persuade foe 
British government to resist 
American efforts to enforce 
restrictions beyond the Cocom 

Does it matter anyway? Is ft all 
self-fulfilling and self-perpetuat- 
ing? According to Cathy Masriter, 
Harry Newton supplied a plan of 
CND*s offices, presumably to 
facilitate a break-in. Another of 
Harry’s close friends commented 
that ft MI5 was relying on Harry’s 
drawing it would not have got past 
the front door. In any case, what 
would be foe point of breaking 
into CND? Such organizations are 
so free and easy and rely so much 
on committed volunteers that it 
would be difficult to believe that 
any information was completely 

My own tangential contacts 
with the world of undercover 
political work left me with 
ambivalent feelings about its 
effectiveness. Some 15 years ago I 
travelled from time to time to 
Zimbabwe — then Rhodesia, 
under Smith’s UDI regime — to 
assist in the political development 
of the black parties fighting for 
independence. One used ways of 
entering foe country that avoided 
drawing attention to oneself and 
Hnberi up with contacts who were 
supposed to be expecting such a 
clandestine visitor. 

On one occasion the message 
had not got through and I arrived 
unannounced on the doorstep of a 
white liberal lawyer in Bulawayo. 
In the nature of things I could not 
cany any credentials with me rad 
he had to take me on trust. To his 
great credit he took the risk, but 
went through agonies every time 
we met known informers as we 
tried to act “normally" around the 

The Smith regime tried to 

phone number through which 
hard «wh would be offered for a 
DEC VAX computer to foe tune 
of three of four times its list price. 
The machine would eventually 
end up in the Soviet Union. 

My guess is that it is only a 
matter of time before countries on 
the prohibited list get bold of the 
new technology they want but that . 
they have to pay way over the * 
odds in hard currency. That may 
well explain why, for instance. 
Romania dumps men's suits in 
Britain at £14 each to foe detri- 
ment of our clothing manufac- 
turers. Is it all worth it? 

It all comes bade to foe question 
of sovereignty and the determina- 
tion of nation states to defend 
their boundaries and their “way of 
life". As members of an island 
race, we have perhaps laid too 
great an emphasis on our sov- 
ereignty. On the Continent, na- 
tional boundaries have been so 
volatile that the argument for 
supranationalism foils on more 
receptive ears. 

The nation state is. 1 believe, the 
biggest obstacle in foe way of 
transforming our political social 
and economic structures to cope 
with the crisis that is progre ss ively ? 
crippling all foe developing coun- 
tries. The impossibility of acting 
independently to alleviate un- 
employment; the difficulty of 
coping independently with the 
dedice of heavy engineering; foe 
frustration over conflicting na- 
tional policies on agriculture; the 
brutal awareness that the environ- 
mental impact of a Chernobyl 
transcends national boundaries 
... All lead us inexorably in foe 
direction of initially, European 
unity and foe eventual aim of a 
worldwide pooling of sovereignty- 

liberals instinctively have far 

fewer hang-ups about sovereignty 
than Conservatives and Socialists. 
It would help if even on prag- 
matic grounds, those two parties 
did not have to be carried lacking 
and screaming towards the in- 
evitable. Perhaps then the ob- 
session with national security 
would also wither away. 

The author is Liberal MP for 
Leeds West ■ 

Paul Pickering 

Mr Tai comes 
up to scratch 

A fundamental division in mod- 
em life appears to be whether we 
prefer dogs or cals. People can 
become quite- aggressive. “I have 
always been a dog person myself" 

someone will say, squaring up to 
you like a Rottweiler if he finds 
out you have a cat. 

Of course, not all dog lovers are 
cat haters but foe fefine does bring 
out a rather negative response in 
that authoritarian type of person 
who cannot bear to be disobeyed. 
Mussolini and Julius Caesar both 
disliked cats, no doubt because 
some moggy in their formative 
years completely ignored their 
marching instructions. 

The trouble is. being totally on 
one side or the other can have its 
problems. Certain “dog people" 
have a blind spot when it comes to 
cats, and that can be downright 

Although our vet is something 
of a dog person, he has a healthy 
respect for anything that can take a 
piece out of turn. “This animal has 
severe emotional problems." he 
said not long ago uying not to cry 
out as my cat, Mr Tai, went for 
him. Mr Tai loathes vets. 

Unlike many dog people, this 
vet does not labour under foe 
illusion that cats are creatures of 
foe hearth rug, and has scars to 
prove it. He also has abundant 
supplies of powerful tranquillizers 
and a strong canvas straitjaefcet 
made in New York for foe most 
psychopathic cases. 

Unfortunately, he Went away 
recently when Mr Tai was feeling 
off his food and we had to take the 
cat to a locum.The veterinary 
surgery was in an expensive 
London mews and full of pugs and 
poodles, exactly foe type of petit 
chien with which Mr Tai loves to 
re-enact the knife fight scene from 
Rebel Without A Cause. 

domestic pets are not very much 
of a challenge.” Mr Tai was about 
to change his opinions. 

Hissing and growling horribly at 
foe remaining poodle in the 
waiting room, the monster was 
{nought struggling to the examina- 
tion bench by my wife. “We are 
cross, aren’t we," said the senior 
vet to Mr Tai. “Off his food? 
Probably constipation. No need to 
do that Jonathan . . ” 

But it was too late. The vet’s 
assistant Jonathan, bad, for rea- 
sons best known to himself 
decided to take Mr Tai’s tem- 
perature. Only a very witless kind 
of dog person would do this to a 
cat that with its ears back and tail 
bottled, resembled an extra in an 
Edgar Allen Poe film. The effect 
was electric. 

In a virtuoso performance Mr 
Tai managed to bite and lacerate 
both the vet and Jonathan, who 
began to drip blood and look feint 
“I thought you wanted to work 
with wild animals," my wife 
snapped as we all pinned the cat to 
foe table. The senior vet then 
damped Mr Tai to his arm, ran 
through the waiting room and 
threw him into foe back of our car. 
“Never bring him to this surgery 
again," was afl he said, bleeding 
gently on to his white coat 

It’s all very well being wise after 
foe event. If Mr Tai had been a 
labrador he would have been 
treated with far more respect in 
the first place. 

Admittedly, cats can sometimes 
be cruel and heartless just for foe 
hell of it. Neil Kinnock, no less, 
once confided to me foe view that 
despite being attractive all cats are 
undemocratic anarchists under- 
neath and pretty poor role models 
for politicians, except that they get 
what they want. Significantly, he 
didn't get his way when be wanted 
to call his cat Claws Four; Glenys 
wouldn't let him. 

My wife left foe delinquent 
howling and spitting in the car. 
“You can bring him in.” said foe 
vet’s assistant. “We’ll make sure 
the dogs won't hurt him.” The 
offer was politely declined. 

“Actually," continued foe assis- 
tant, “when I qualify I want to go 
to Africa or somewhere and work 
with wild animals. Big game is the 
thing- J do like dogs but small 

One key question emerges from 
fors great dog-cat person debate. 
D° you like being taken for a walk 
on a shortish chain or toddling off 
by yourself in your own time? 
Most Of us would prefer, I think, to 
be in foe second category. Any- 
thing else is a dog’s lifeT 

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HAUGHFY Aism THT7 A rmun ‘National security 5 and secrets case 

VJVIIIIL X rYlNJL/ X JtliL ALLUKU From Colonel Professor G. /. A. D. Bv the UN Covenant of O 

It is now clear that ibe 
coaliuon government in the 
Insh Republic will face a 
general election in the very 
near future, probably at the 
end of January. A succession 
of political blows has kept Dr 
Garret FitzGerald’s Fine Gael- 
Labour coalition well behind 
in the polls. The most recent 
have deprived it of a working 

This has provoked a rash of 
predictions that the Anglo- 
Irish Agreement faces wreck- 
ing ‘‘renegotiation*’ or 
repudiation by the opposition 
leader Mr Charles Haughey. 
Mr Haughey’s Fianna Fail has 
held a commanding opinion 
poll lead for some months. 
The polls also suggest the 
possibility that the new 
Progressive Democrats may 
hold the balance after an 
election and might use that 
power to deny Mr Haughey a 
third tern as Taoiseach. 

Whatever the exact 
arithmetic of the result, the 
fears over Mr Haughey’s atti- 
tude to the Agreement are 
exaggerated. The only thing 
which can be said with any 
confidence is that his attitude 
is not settled and, being an 
experienced operator, he is 
waiting to see which way the 
wind is blowing. In the past, be 
has both attacked fundamental 
elements of the Agreement and 
implied that in government he 
would want to do no more 
than make some slight adjust- 
ments. These zig-zags can be 
regarded as market research, 
rather than manifesto-making. 

A Haughey government is 
highly unlikely to force a 

breakdown of the Agreement 
Public opinion in the Republic 
appears to take a straight- 
forward and practical ap- 
proach: it is better to have it 
than not but no such docu- 
ment can hope to solve the 
problems in Northern Ireland 
overnight Each time Mr 
Haughey has attacked the 
Agreement he has dipped in 
the polls. 

A reasonable prediction 
would be that Mr Haughey 
would score what points he 
could off his opponents by 
pointing up the small scale of 
the “gains” made by the south. 
In power he would no doubt 
make more extravagant de- 
mands of the the British 
government for reforms inside 
the north. But his campaign 
would be one of oratorical 

The precedents do not sug- 
gest that be would necessarily 
be obstructive over security 
cooperation; some time ago, 
Mr Haughey served as the 
Republic’s Minister of Justice 
and was a notoriously tough 
one. The existence of the 
Agreement makes it a few 
degrees harrier for any south- 
ern government to look the 
other way when a British 
government is pressing for an 
extradition or for Irish adher- 
ence to the European Conven- 
tion on the Suppression of 

The real problem with any 
Fianna Fail government lies in 
the gulf between aspiration 
and reality on the “national 
question”. Mr Haughey, and 
many of his followers, have for 
years been pursuing that elu- 

sive quarry, a united Ireland, 
by talking incessantly about it 
This fulfils an electoral need, 
attracts little criticism and 
plenty of approval both at 
home and abroad. 

This is not to be cynically 
dismissive of Irish national- 
ism, but to suggest that Irish 
nationalists are divided into 
two kinds. The more practical 
variety, currently represented 
by Dr FitzGerald, realises that 
there are obstacles to be over- 
come which cannot merely be 
talked away. Mr Haughey 
conducted some eloquent 
summitry with Mrs Thatcher 
six yeans ago which came to 
very little when it became dear 
that the Irish side was more 
interested in form than con- 

Modest achievement though 
it may appear so far. Dr 
FitzGerald has actually signed 
an accord with London which 
has survived. He recognises 
that a united Ireland (in the 
sense of a unitary state) is a 
very remote possibility. He 
prefers, rightly, to concentrate 
on concrete political objec- 
tives which stand some chance 
of being realised. His argu- 
ment in favour of three judges 
instead of one in northern 
non-jury courts which try ter- 
rorists is a case in point. 

The Hillsborough agree- 
ment ought to be strong 
enough to withstood electoral 
rhangps both in Dublin and in 
London. Different parties may 
vary detailed practice but both 
governments should stay on 
the common ground which the 
Agreement mapped out 


There are two dangers for 
politicians in relying on pro- 
fessional media men. The first 
is that the voters will see 
through you. The second is 
that you will be trapped be- 
hind your own image, unable 
to see the real world outside. 

The Tories have lived with 
Saatchi & Saatchi long enough 
to recognise these risks— if not 
always to escape them. Labour 
is less experienced. 

The red rose may be. bloom- 
ing. The shadow cabinet may 
be more coordinated in its 
outward presentation of poli- 
cies than at any time since 
good Lord Wilson’s golden 
days. But, as to Labour’s grip 
on the real task of fighting the 
next election, the auguries 
remain murky. 

Today we report on Mr 
Kinnock’s latest blueprint for 
power. Labour has identified 
the fact that its policies on 
health, education, and un- 
employment cany greater 
credibility than those of the 
Government Its senior figures 
know equally well that its non- 
nuclear defence policy carries 
no credibility at alL 

So what does Labour plan to 
do? To intensify its assaults on 
Conservative social policies? 

To make careful plans to bring 
its defence policy slowly in line 
with popular prudence? No. It 
plans to attack . the 
Government’s integrity and 
competence. It plans to pro- 
mote Mr Kinnock against Mrs 
Thatcher as the executive poli- 
tician who promises — and 

This is a smart line for the 
ad-man’s flip chart Plan A 
(attack on key social policies) 
has been achieved; Plan B 
(destruction of Mrs Thatcher’s 
governmental reputation) be- 
gins this day. In die real world 
it is, frankly, fantastic. 

Life in dreamland leads 
Labour into errors. When the 
Wright affair was first raising 
its head in the Commons, the 
Prime Minister told the Finan- 
cial Times dial the British 
economy was too weak to 
join the European Monetary 
System. Did Mr Kinnock 
come on the attack, parading 
this admission that (to put 
words into bis mouth) “after 
seven years of Tory rule 
sterling could not stand the 
heat from the French and the 

He did not Perhaps he felt 
that this point was already 
won, that what was necessary 
now was singlemindedly to 

attack the Government's com- 
petence, via the Wright case. 

It was always hard to see old 
MI5 scandals doing much for 
Labour. But if be had wanted 
to criticise the Government’s 
competence, he could hardly 
have done worse than asso- 
ciate with lawyers fighting 
against the Grown in a foreign 

To quote another example, 
it was always hard to see the 
record of Labour’s extremist 
local councils doing the party 
much good. But to set Mr Jack 
Straw, a key member of 
Labour’s central strategy team, 
on an exercise to draw atten- 
tion to “homosexuals in high 
places in the Conservative 
hierarchy” is to draw attention 
not to poor Tory credibility 
but to the rich crudity of 
Labour. Both parties have 
homosexual members; only 
one party’s local authorities 
support educating children in 
their ways. 

Mr Kinnock is using mod- 
erate-minded media men to 
dean up the presentation of a 
policy programme that is still 
strongly dominated by the far 
left The voters are beginning 
to see the truth behind his one 
way mirror. Can the Labour 
leader see out? 

land of the rising yen 

After almost forty years of 
non-stop expansion, the Japa- 
nese economic dynamo is 
begining to show the first signs 
of fatigue. Government figures 
for economic performance be- 
tween July and September, 
showed a humble 0.6 per cent 
rate of growth for the third 
successive quarter. It is now all 
but impossible for Japan to 
attain the four i*r centfowth 
in GNP for fiscal 1986-87 
forecast by the government 
earlier this year. 

The slowdown is largely the 
result of the international ex- 
change rate policy adopted by- 
the leading industrialised 
countries over the past yearn 
should be vrannly welcomed 
by all of Japan s trading part 
nets whose trade accounts are 

in deficit 

The high yen is doing pre- 
cisely what the Group ofFiye 
intended when they set out to 
drive down the value oftheUS 
dollar against other major 
currencies in September 1 98 . 

Si** *en the yen ^ 


Stedrfni* volutne of 
economic growth. 

Prime Ntaister 
Nakasone has such 

onciled to t& e n SLj cr threat 

from both the V an ^rk^j 


reswictu s , i \% irsK of 

accepts that th ^ shiftsd 

g? Wth to domestic de- 

saffSSi- -o-co-d 

cause profound damage to the 
multi-lateral trading system on 
which Japan will always de- 

But reducing exports is only 
half the solution. Japan’s mar- 
ket of 120 million people has 
to be turned into a nation of 
acquisitive individualists — 
just like its overseas cus- 
tomers. This can be achieved 
over the long-term only by 
increased spending on Japan’s 
social infrastructure — hous- 
ing, social services, roads and 
sewers — and by encouraging 
Japanese consumers to over- 
come their aversion to im- 

There is much that Mr 
Nakasone can do, and indeed, 
has already embarked upon, to 
assist this process. The Octo- 
ber supplementary budget for 
example, increased govern- 
ment spending by some three 
trillion yen. Although criti- 
cised at home and abroad for 
felling for short of what was 
needed, it should not be 
dismissed out of hand. 

No democratic government 
can act for long outside the 
realm of what is politically 
acceptable. In Japan, a society 
which moves only by consen- 
sus, the parameters of political 
acceptability are all the more 
tightly drawn. 

Mr Nakasone cannot aban- 
don his party's commitment to 
fiscal austerity for the sake of 
cranking up the domestic 
economy without undermin- 
ing his own position. It is 
hardly surprising, therefore, 
that US demands for Japan to 
reflate have fallen on deaf ears. 

But while consensus politics 
militate against the quick fix, 
japan nonetheless has an 

opportunity on the immediate 
horizon to stimulate domestic 
demand, and provide a filip 
for import consumption-This 
will come when the impending 
legislation on tax reform is 
debated in the Diet in the new 
year. It is a chance which 
Japan must not squander. 

The reform package which, 
after tortuous negotiations, 
was finally agreed upon last 
Friday, will introduce reduc- 
tions in individual income tax 
and corporate tax liabilities, a 
tax on interest from personal 
savings and a value added or 
sales tax. It is also intended to 
be revenue neutral - reaping as 
much from new taxes as it 
loses in tax breaks. 

Mr Nakasone is under some 
pressure to introduce each 
dement in the tax reform 
package simultaneously, 
thereby avoiding any increases 
in the budget deficit It is not, 
however, beyond the realm of 
political possibility to stagger 
the introduction of the various 
components of the bill, start- 
ing with the reductions in 
personal taxation. This 
flexibility would simply post- 
pone the objective of a revenue 
neutral tax reform, while 
increasing disposable income 
for consumption. 

Such action would serve 
both Japan and its major 
trading partners admirably. It 
would act as a timely stimulus 
to domestic demand which has 
been increasing, albeit at mod- 
est levels. In addition, the 
combination of a high yen and 
rising domestic demand would 
also provide US and European 
exporters with a real opportu- 
nity to penetrate the Japanese 
domestic market They may 
never get a better chance. 

From Colonel Professor G. I. A. D. 

Sir. Your leading article (Decem- 
ber 3) concludes wife fee senti- 
ment feat “some method of 
protecting fee legitimate secrets of 
the intelligence service has to be 
found." That is a worthy aspira- 
tion, but one feat is not so easy to 
accomplish. The series of ac- 
cidents, judicial and otherwise, 
which have befallen HMG in 
seeking to preserve the 
"confidentiality” of Government 
documents and the inner 
machinations of our "security 
service" from fee gaze of the world 
are truly noteworthy. In the 
outcome, fee policies of HMG 
have contrived to produce such a 
searchlight publicity upon matters 
appertaining to our intelligence 
service as have rarely been wit- 
nessed before. The proceedings 
before fee New South Wales court 
have not been an unqualified 
success so far as confidentiality is 

It seems to have been fee legal 
view of the “house" lawyers of 
MIS feat Mr Wright’s book would 
constitute a betrayal both of UK 
“national security” as well as that 
of Australia. That was perhaps a 
matter that required further legal 
study before legal advice was 
given from feat quarter. Further, 
n seems to have been assumed by 
the same source that fee doctrine 
of “public interest immunity’’, as 
understood by the UK courts, 
would be similarly understood in 
Australian jurisdictions. That also 
may not have been a justified 

Towards forgiveness 

From Mr W. D. ConoUy 
Sir, By his letter dated November 
25 fee Reverend Dr Morris shows 
that fee General Assembly of fee 
Church of Scotland, and possilby 
be himself, have got themselves 
into a philosophical muddle over 
fee meaning of "forgiving" a 
crime as compared with 
“overlooking" it 

To forgive is to “cease to 
harbour (resentment etc)’’ 
(Shorter Oxford Dictionary) and 
therefore to refrain from any act of 
reprisal or revenge. To overlook 
the crimes is to deal with the 
situation thereafter as if the crimes 
bad not been committed — a very 
different tiling . 

It is not for any human being, 
“be be ever so high", to assert that 
God has forgiven anyone. That is 
to assert that he is God’s agent and 
has been appointed to express fee 

Steel price stability 

From the Director, , British Iron 
and Steei Consumers’ Council 
Sir. My council shares -Mr 
Campbell’s concern (November 
28) about the posable con- 
sequences for steel users of fee 
large steel price increases in 
prospect for January, 1987. 

These increases, however, apply 
only to stainless steel. Crucial 
though, this is for fee companies 
concerned, stainless only accounts 
for a small proportion of steel 

We agree wife Mr Campbell 
about the need for steel price 
stability and fee damaging effects 
of fee European Community’s 
protectionist policies on steel 
users. They are a constant theme 
of our representations to the 
British Steel Corporation, the 
Government and the European 

As you have reported (October 
15), we have recently been urging 
support for fee Commission’s 
proposals for further relaxation of- 

Fight against Aids 

From Dr D.L Child 
Sir, Much helpful information is 
being published for the general 
public about Aids and its potential 
risks. However much of this 
literature remains permissive in 
its general tone and tacitly approv- 
ing of liberal values. 

I would like to suggest that the 
following guidelines would be 
helpful and constructive for all 
health workers to adopt in the 
giving of care and advice. 

1. Suppression (as opposed to 
repression) of sexual feelings lead- 
ing to sexual intercourse outside of 
a permanent relationship is a 
perfectly healthy and responsible 

2. The traditional values of chas- 
tity and fidelity within a perma- 
nent relationship and the high 
ideal of one partner for life should 
be actively promoted and not 
denigrated as either old-fashioned 
or impracticable. 

3. The role of pornography (both 
hard and soft) to excite powerful 
casual passion is recognised. 
Health workers should therefore 
actively discourage school chil- 
dren and adolescents from reading 
such material, warning directly 
that it could endanger their health. 

4. The hazards of alcohol in 
relation to casual sex and un- 
wanted pregnancy should be 
dearly outlined. 

5. All health workers involved in 
both advising and prescribing in 
fee area of contraception should 
actively seek to consult with 
couples rather than individuals. 
Much more insistence should be 
placed upon both partners attend- 
ing for contraceptive advice. 

We are past the stage of being 
able to pretend that we can 
continue our present sexual prac- 
tices. The public wants the truth 
and has fee right to the truth. We 
should not be found wanting in 
giving it to them. 

Yours faithfully. 


147 Cape Hill, 


Wartey. West Midlands. 

November 24. 

By the UN Covenant of Civil 
and Political Rights. 2976, Article 
19, it is provided:- 

Ev-en-one dull have the right to 
freedom of expression, and . . . 
regardless of frontiers ... in writing 
or in print . . . 

It (the exercise of the right) may 
therefore be subject to certain 
restrictions, but these shall only be 
such as arc provided by lau and are 

For the protection of national 
security or of public order . . . 

The context makes it reasonably 
clear that “national security" is 
there referring to the “national 
security" of the Slate before the 
court of which the individual is 
seeking to assert this important 
human right It is not tiie legal 
duty of fee Australian courts to 
safeguard the “national security" 
interests of fee UK unless it 
happens to be fee same as that of 
Australian “national security" and 
fee relevant documents under 
scrutiny damage the “security" of 
both States. 

.All in all, this excursus of HMG 
into the Australian courts is likely 
to prove a memorable disaster, 
and one feat could well have been 
avoided by some percipient legal 
advice from fee source from 
which it ought to have derived, 
namely, the law officers of fee 

I am. Sir, vour obedient servant. 

16 Soufeover High Street 


December 4. 

divine will, which no one has 
authority to do. 

The General Assembly had no 
authority to forgive. They did 
have authority to overlook, and 
did so. 

Only those injured by the 
murderers can fotgjve them. No 
one can- be or is under any duty, 
moral or otherwise, to forgive 
injuries to third parties. The State 
cannot therefore forgive fee 
murderers. It can, as the incor- 
porated organ of society, decide to 
overlook, partly or wholly. 

What a pity that Professor C E. 
M. Joad is no longer wife us. He 
taught people to be sure of the 
meaning of the words they had in 
mind to use — before speaking. 
Yours faithfully, 


3 The Slade, 


Petersfidd, Hampshire.' 
December 2. 

their controls in 1987. It;is the 
-national governments and" fee 
producers who are opposed to 
' anything more than a token 

The producers operate a power- 
ful lobby in support of their 
interests. It is important feat those 
of steel users should also be 
considered; users account for 10 
times as much exports by value as 
fee producers, and steel can be a 
vital factor in their competitive- 

Mr Campbell implies that 
privatization will end subsidies to 
BSC and force it to compete fairly. 
BSC is no longer getting subsidies, 
unlike some of its competitors 
inside and outside fee EEC. And 
privatization in Britain w31 do 
nothing to end cartels and controls 
in the EEC. 

Yours faithfully, 

J :F. SAFFORD, Director. 

British Iron and Steel Consumers’ 

16 Berwyn Road. 

Richmond, Surrey. 

November 28. 

Rugby violence 

From the Secretary of the Rugby 
Football Union 

Sir, I share Derek Wyatt’s views 
(feature, November 26) about 
gratuitous acts of violence in 
Rugby. Isolated and infrequent 
though they are, they are in- 
evitably well-publicised and they 
do untold damage to the accepted 
image of Rugby football as an 
amateur, sportsmanlike game 
played for fun. 

Where he and I part company is 
in what he says about regulations 
for fee various competitions and 
fee changing structure of fee 
game. It is true that we do 
preclude overseas players from 
taking part in our competitions 
until they have been in residence 
here for three months. 

We see no virtue, in an amateur 
game, in dubs flying in overseas 
players for Cup matches and that 
does not seem unreasonable to 
me. What the European Court of 
Human Rights would make of it is 
something which I hope they will 
keep to themselves. 

Changing from a merit table 
system to a league structure is 
bound to be a tortuous and even 
painful process, but so far we have, 
not found any loopholes in our 
regulations nor rescinded any by- 

There has always been some- 
thing of a tug-of-war between club 
and county in some pan of the 
country or other and this is not 
helped by fee taking up of 
entrenched positions. Players are 
free to choose and should not be 

AS a result of fee changes in 
progress, I am prepared to bet feat 
these issues will resolve them- 
selves over the next couple of 
seasons and we will be seen to 
have a better structure, based on 
merit, than ever before. Will 
Derek Wyatt take my bet? 

Yours faithfully, 

D. E WOOD, Secretary. 

Rugby Football Union, 

Rugby Road, 

Twickenham, Middlesex. 
November 27. 

Letter and spirit 
of housing aid 

From Mr John Anderson 
Sir. Mrs Knight (December 2) is 
right to be concerned about the 
gradual erosion of character in 
Edwardian areas of our cities. I 
write to give her some heart. 
Legislation exists to prevent this 
destruction, but the local 
authority has to be willing to use 

There is provision for improve- 
ment grants to be increased where 
the local authority agrees feat fee 
historic character of a locality has 
to be maintained. This eligibility 
would have normally been 
recognised by the creation of a 
conservation area where demo- 
lition is controlled and a policy of 
strict enforcement can ensure 
replacement of period details. 

The problem is that fee current 
financial controls limit the bous- 
ing investment programmes — the 
source of money for improvement 
grants — and many authorities fed 
it is better to give more, smaller 
grants rather than fewer grants for 
more expensive work. 

Even where the authority has 
money from the sale of its council 
houses it is prevented by central 
Government policy from increas- 
ing its housing investment pro- 

Under fee Local Authority (His- 
toric Buildings) Act 1 962 grant-aid 
may be payable to any building 
which appears to fee local 
authority to be of historic or 
architectural merit. The building 
does not necessarily need to be 

Possibly Mrs Knight could ask 
her local councillor whether it is 
the policy of fee authority to use 
money from the general rate fund 
under this Act to top up certain 
improvement grants. She could 
also check with fee planning 
department on its conservation 
policy and enforcement 

Incidentally, it is possible to 
repair ridge tiles using glass fibre 
to replace the decorative combing. 
This also could be grant-aided. 
Yours faithfully, 

Historic Buildings Working Party, 
The Royal Town Planning 

26 Portland Place, Wl. 

December 3. 

From Mr A. C. Davis 
Sir, Has Mrs Knight ever enjoyed 
the experience of repointing a roof 
ridge while string on fee “dec- 
orative ridge tiles"? 

■Yours faithfully, 

A.- C. DAVIS,' " • 

35 St Winifred's Road, 

Harrogate, North Yorkshire. 

Breaking Salt 2 

From Professor Emeritus Sir Ru- 
dolf Peieris. FRS. and others 
Sir, The decision by the US 
Government to break the pro- 
visions of the Salt 2 treaty on fee 
number of nuclear warheads raises 
the frightening spectre of the 
USSR retaliating in kind wife a 
new spurt to fee arms race. The 
Soviet Government will find it 
hard to resist this temptation. 

The treaty has never been 
ratified by the US Senate, but the 
United States and fee Soviet 
Union, while pushing close to fee 
limits specified in it, have so for 
refrained from extending these 

As patrons of Nuclear Freeze, 
the non-partisan orgnisation to 
stop the arms race, we deplore the 
loss of this convention. It was at 
least a move towards limiting the 
increase in numbers of missiles; it 
could have served as a foundation 
for a more comprehensive freeze. 

Most Nato governments are 
said to be unhappy about fee loss 
of one of the few treaties so for 
negotiated which is slowing down 
the arms race and we hope that fee 
British Government, as one of 
America's allies, will express their 
displeasure and urge the super- 
powers to avoid a new accelera- 
tion of the nudear arms race. 

Public opinion in this country 
supports these ideas; a Marplan 
poll commissioned by Nuclear 
Freeze showed that 72 per cent of 
British voters — across party lines 
— say we should hall fee produc- 
tion, testing and deployment of all 
new nuclear weapons. 

Salt n was one small but 
important step in that direction; it 
should not be allowed to die. 
Your sincerely, ■ 




Nudear Freeze, 

82 Colston Street, 

Bristol, Avon. 

December 1. 

The dangerous sex 

From Mr Norval Rodgers 
Sir, Your “fourth leader" on 
Saturday dealt vividly wife fee 
problems posed by a drug prolong- 
ing the fife expectation of the 
blood-sucking mosquito and the 
risk of being bitten to death by 
senior dtizens of that ilk. 
Throughout your article, however, 
you refer to the mosquito in the 

When I was in West Africa we 
were attacked only by fee females, 
as the males were quie nice chaps 
and strictly vegetarian. Have 
things changed? If not, can the 
scientists at Louisyilfe please dis- 
cover a variant of the drag which 
will increase the life span of the 
male mosquito only? 

Yours hopefully, 


Wess’s Barn, 

Wysall, Nottinghamshire. 
November 30. 


DECEMBER 8 1911 

King George V and Queen Mary 
sailed for India on November I L 
At Delhi they were lodged in pan 
of an area containing 40,000 tents. 
Four days later, wearing a crown 
of diamonds given by the Indian 
government, the conducted a 
coronation Durbar in the course of 
which he announced that the 
capital of the country uras to be 
transferred from Caluctto to 
Delhi Before returning home on 
January 10, 1913, die Ring took 
part in a 10-day tiger shoot m 



( From. Our Special Corespondents. 1 

DELHL Dec,7. 

This morning, amid scenes for 
which there is no precedent in the 
long history of Asia, the King- 
Emperor and Queen-Empress 
made their State Entry into Delhi. 
Their Majesties alighted from their 
train at the Salimgarh Bastion, 
where they were received by Lord 
Hardinge, the Governor-General, 
and all the great officials of India; 
they walked in procession into the 
Fort, where in a reception tent, the 
Princes and Chiefs of India were 
presented; they traversed the Fort 
and passed through the whole 
length of the Imperial City, receiv- 
ing the homages of multitudes of 
their Indian subjects: and finally, 
most significant episode of all, on 
tho s ummi t of the famraw: fudge, in 
a spot for ever hallowed in British 
anwBlQ, they were loyally welcomed 
by the chosen representatives of 
British India, whose presence in so 
conspicuous a place symbolized the 
growing Constitutional character 
of British control. A European 
Monarch received in person upon 
the soil of Asia the united, willing, 
and eager greetings of Princes and 
people gathered together from 
every part of the huge Asiatic 
Empire. The tense and heartfelt 
emotions of to-day have swept into 
temporary oblivion any recollec- 
tion of the wave of questioning 
spirit which passed over India a 
tew years ago. The dominating 
im prH«i(in was that such manifes- 
tations, so visible and so sincere, 
counted for immeasurably more 
than transient and limited out- 
bursts of opposition. One felt that, 
though the difficult may not grow 
less, the vision of the Ring- 
Emperor riding through vast 
throngs of his revering peoples, 
with all the Princes of India 
following in his train, taught an 
enduring lesson. His Majesty's 
advent exemplified the increasing 
validity of the administration 
which is now freely accepted by 
India in recognition of a long era of 
just and benefiaent government. 
Thaugb£hinfl tottera and Persia is 
in chaos; 'the British Empire in 
India stands four-square upon firm 
foundations. No one who wit- 
nessed the august ceremonial at 
Delhi this morning can doubt it 


The dim streets of the city were 
foil of movement all night, and 
many people slept beneath the 
stars. Long before daybreak the 
northern military camps were 
astir. The mists still lay heavy on 
the plain when, to the strains of 
martial music, the troops began to 
march southwards through the 
interminable array of tents to take 
up their position along the Imperi- 
al route. In the gray of the early 
morning the Chandni Chauk, the 
great central thoroughfare of Delhi, 
was already crammed with ardent 
sightseen. The weather was chill at 
first, but the air had all the 
stimulating crispness of a'wintry 
dawn in Northern India. As the 
sun rose the near camps poured 
forth streams of dignitaries in 
uniform, Princes and their follow- 
ers in resplendent robes, ladies in 
gay toilettes, and all the varied 
cosmopolitan throng which repre- 
sents Government and society in 
modem Hindustan. The flower of 
the Indian Empire, every notable 
man among its controllers, seemed 
to be converging upon Delhi From 
the Chiefs’ camps alone came 
thousands of martial horsemen, 
until every dusty side road was a 
forest of lances and every vista was 
aflame with brilliant turbans. 

The Princes’ procession was over 
five miles long and included 5,000 
men. It was an amazing medley of 
disciplined restraint and pictur- 
esque freedom. Some Maharajahs 
contented themselves with their 
Imperial Service escorts, others 
had ransacked the resources of 
their States for medieval trappings. 
Some rode, but the majority used 
carriages. For over an hour they 
passed onwards through the arena 
before the astonished spectators, 
who looked with wonder at gold 
and silver carriages, squadrons in 
coats of mail, camel corps from 
Bikaner and Bahawaipur, horse- 
men in flaring unifo rms, dancers 
and running foo tmen, infantry 
guards in quaint attire, fierce 
armed Aral* from Radhaupur, and 
S turns in bright velvet costumes - 

one continuous revelation of the 
splendour and endless variety of 
fee States which make up one- 
third of the area of the Indian 

Emp ire . , , 

It has been a great and unforget- 
table day. All Delhi rejoices tonight 
that fee King Emperor is at last 
encamped befor e its walk. 

Out of the mouths ... 

From Mr R. D. Winder 
Sir, What will future historians of 
children's playground rhymes 
make of the following brought 
home by my eight year-old daugh- 
ter yesterday; 

Haifa pound of tuppenny rice. 

Half a pound of treacle. 

Half a pound of heroin. 

Oops, that's illegal- 

I can only hope _ that her 
experiences of this evil are con- 
fined to skipping songs. 

Yours faithfully. 
r. D. WINDER. 

15 Norman Avenue. 

Sanderstead, Surrey. 

November 28. 








December 6: By command of 
The Queen, the Lord Hesketfa 
(Lord in Waiting) was present at 
Royal Air Force Nortbolt this 
afternoon upon the depature of 
Tbe President of the' French 
Republic and bade farewell to 
His Excellency on behalf of Her 

December 7: The Duke of 
Edinburgh, Pres i dent of the 
Federation Equcstre 

Internationale, this evening at- 
tended a dinner for FEI Bureau 
Members at the Waldorf Hotel. 

Mr Brian McGrath was in 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Marie 
Phillips, President of The Mis- 
sions to Seamen, this evening 
attended a Christmas Charity 
Concert in the Chapel of the 
Royal Naval College, Green- 
wich, in aid of The Missions to 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by tbe Admiral President 
of the College (Admiral Sir 

Richard Fitch) and the Chair- 
man, City of London Commit- 
tee of The Missions to Seamen 
(Mr Derek Prentis). 

Mrs Malcolm Innes was in 

Tbe infant son of Mr and Mrs 

James Taylor-Dickson was 

christened Frederick William 
Henry on Sunday, November 
23. at Wiggonholt Parish 
Church. West Sussex, by the 
Rev Kenneth Oliver. The god- 
parents are Mr David Reid, Mr 
Robert Ogflvy Watson, Mrs 
James Scott, Mrs Donald OgQvy 
Watson, Signora .Claudia 
Derossi, Miss Susannah 
Wykibo re-Smith and Mrs Guy 

Birthdays today 

Sir Ralph Carr-EOison, 61; Mr 
Sammy Davis, for, 61; Mr 
Lucian Freud, CH, 64; Mr 
James Galway, 47; Mr Maurice 
Green, 80; Mr Geoff Hurst, 45; 
Lord Prys-Davies, 63; Sir Ar- 
thur Ryrafll, 79; Mr Maximilian 
Schell, 56; Sir Alan Stewart, 69: 
Mr Michael Unger, 43; Sir 
William Wood, 70. 


Latest appointments include; 
Mr Justice Russell to be a Lord 
Justice of Appeal in the place of 
Sir Frederick Horace Lawton, 
who win be retiring on Decem- 

Miss AHne Heather Steel to be a 
circuit Judge on the Northern 

Mr Peter John Strettnn to be a 
circuit judge on the Midland 
and Oxford Circuit. 

Sir Abut Leslie to be a commis- 
sioner of tbe Foreign 
Compensation Commission 
from December 15 to December 
31. 1988. 

Mrs Jane KeBock to be a 
member of the Council on 
Tribunals Ah' three years from 

January 13. 

Major General Peter Edgar de 
la Cour de la BiOkre, late Tbe 
Light Infantry, to be Colonel 
Commandant The Light Di- 
vision in succession to lieuten- 
ant General Sir David Mostyn. 
Mr Roger Peel, senior 
housemaster at Trent College, to 
be Headmaster of Kimbolton 
School on September 1, 1987, in 
succession to Mr David 

The following to be depnty-j 
lieutenants for Leicestershire; 


Parliament this week 

(2JS0h Teachers' 

Memorial sendee 

Professor JL ShacUetM 
Tbe Archbishop of Canterbury 
pronounced the blessing at a 
memorial service for Professor 
Robert Shacfcleton held on Sat- 
urday at the University Church 
of St Mary the Virgin, Oxford. 
The Rev Professor John 
McManners, Chaplain of All 
Souls College, officiated, as- 
sisted by tbe Rev Patrick Irwin, 
Chaplain of Brasenose College, 
and the Rev lan Thomson. 
Professor J.KJLM. Nicholas. 
Principal of Brasenose College, 
and Sir Peter Fraser, acting 
Warden of AD Souls, read the 
lessons. Professor Richard Cobb 
gave an address. 

pay _ 

Tomorrow fZJOt AboUtMm of Demes- 
ne Rates Etc (Scotland) BID. second 

Wednesday (2JD): Teachers' Pair and 
Condition! Bill, remaining stages. 
Thursday (2-50): Northern Ireland 
{Emergency Provisions) BUI, second 
reading. Northern Ki eland (Emergency 
Provisions) Act 1978 IConttnuance) 
(No 3) Order, 

Friday (9.300: Private Member's -mo- 
tion on emp lo yiu e n t and training 

lords. Today . 



nw <2.30); criminal Ji 
■MMh) Bln, second reading.! 
Wednesday (2JQ):maMd 

housing sUoatkm ad 

— to 

Thursday (Sfc 

Fatuity Law Refor m 

Service Luncheon 

Royal Irish Rangers 
The annual luncheon of tbe 
Royal Irish Rangers Officers' 
Gub was held on Saturday at 
the London Irish Rifles, Duke of 
York’s HQ, Chelsea. Brigadier 
Meryyn McCord. Colonel of the 
Regiment, presided. 

Service dinner 

160 Transport Regiment RCT 

Colonel R.L. Wallis, Honorary 
Colonel and the officers of 160 
Transport Regiment RCT (V) 
held a regimental dinner night at 
Prince William of Gloucester 
Barracks. Grantham, on Sat- 
urday. Major R.M. Wilkinson 
presided and Colonel J-A. But- 
ler. Colonel of Volunteers, was 
the principal guest 

Clifford Longley 

Do we need an Anglican pope 

The Bishop of Birmingham, 
Dr Hugh Montefiore, has 
pronounced the Anglo- Ameri- 
can church quarrel over a 
parish in Tuba, Oklahoma, 
“the most dangerous develop- 
ment in the Church of 
England" of his long career. 

Dr Montefiore, it is under- 
stood, moved a motion of 
censure against the Bishop of 
London. Dr Graham Leotard, 
at the last meeting of the 
House of Bishops. He was 
defeated, and die House ex- 
pressed its disapproval in 
somewhat more oblique 
terms. He explains in die 
latest edition of his diocesan 
newsletter The Bishopric that 
he believes the “Tulsa Adair” 
is so dangerous because it is a 
threat to the coherion and 
unity of the Anglican Commu- 
nion, and because it is a 
foretaste of what coaid well 
happen in England soon. 

He accuses the Archbishop 
of Canterbury, Dr Robert' 
Runtie, of weak leadership in 
his handling of the affair, 
saying be should have ordered 
the Bishop of London not to 
make his celebrated visit to 
Tulsa to take part in confirma- 
tions there, rather than limit- 
ing himself to persuasion. M I 
fed confident that the bishop 
would have heeded his vow of 
due obedience to his 

To Dr Montefiore, the com- 
plex issues raised in the Tulsa 
case have become a trial by 
fire of tbe Anglican concept of 
authority in the church, and 
he finds it lacking. The parish 
and parish priest of Tulsa 
have been disavowed by the 
Episcopal Church of tbe 
United States after legal 
proceeings over property and 

money, with a fundamental 
disagreement over the ordina- 
tion of women priests in tbe 

The Bishop of London, 
explicitly forbidden by the 

1 American Anglican bishops to 

interfere, has nevertheless of- 
fered the parish his personal 
pastoral care, in fulfilment of 
which he made his recent visit 
to them. His defiance of the 
wishes of both the American 
and Fn gKrfi Houses of Bish- 
ops was enough to cause an 
adjournment delate at last 
month’s English General 
Synod, when harsh words 

upf* cotsf 

Tbe conclusion Dr 
Montefiore comes to is an 
unexpected one. particularly 
from a senior churchman who 
has more than once expressed 
criticism of the papal system 
of church government m the 
Roman Catholic Church. 

“It may be that the present 
relationship of mutual 
consultation and understand- 
ing within the Anglican 
Communion must give way 
faidy quickly to more definite 
structures of authority. If we 
are willing to explore farther 
the concept of a Universal 
Primate, ought we not here 
and now to give greater 
authority to the Archbishop of 
Canterbury as P atriar ch of the 
Anglican Communion rather 
than merely primus inter 

“The Anglican Consultative 
Committee the Primates’ 
Meeting are only just begin- 
ning to work out our world- 
wide doctrine of authority. I 
fear that unless steps are taken 
to resolve this at the next 
Lambeth Conference, the 
whole communion may be in 
danger of disintegration over 

the ordination of women to 
the priesthood and. the epis- 
copate, and over polarization 
between what is conveniently 
but inaccurately described as 
traditionalist and liberal 

The “concept ofa Universal 
Primate" is a reference to the 
final report of the fust An- 
■ glican Roman Catholic Inter- 

- national ' Commission 
' (ARQC I) on authority in the 

church, which the General 
Synod has now decided is 
evidence of sufficient conver- 
gence between the two sides to 

- justify further-, negotiations. 
ARCiC went cm to point out 
that the Unman Catholic pa- 
pacy was the only available 
version of a Universal Pri- 
mate in the chur c h es, with a 
dear implication that As- 
.glicamsm may sooner or later 
have to come to terns with it. 

But it was that part of the 
entire ARCIC package which 
is causing most hesitation in 
die Church of England at 
present, with a revival of fears 
of papal authoritarianism. 
Tte focus ofthis anxiety is the 

papal t&nm tO nwniwfatB 

nmveisal jurisdiction over the 
whole church, which gives 
him authority to over-rule a 
bishop. It fasts been widely 
criticized as an unsound 
theological principle, as well 
as being dangerous in practice. 

. Prior to the impact of 
ARCICs thinking on the 
evolution of the Anglican 
church’s internal s tru ct ur e s, 
tbe phrase primus inter pares 
(“first among equals") repre- 
sented the most that An- 
glicanism was prep a red to 
concede towards the papacy. 

few Rome’s seniority as a See. 
In the An glican Communion 

that sums up the traditional 
attitude towards the See of 

Canterbury too. as Dr 

Montefiore notes. 

What be is now saying 
amounts to something much 
closer to immediate universal 
jurisdiction for the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, giving 
him authority, for instance, to 
over-rule tire Bishop of 
London in the Tulsa case. 

Dr Rnnde himself is fond of 
saying tfeft he is not an 
Anglican Pope; and will be 
very surprised to hear that the 
Bishop of Birmingham, of ail 
liberal churchmen, wants him 
urgently to become one. An 
Anglican Pope is of course not 
tire same as a Roman Catholic 
Pope, and the difference was 
spelled rot by Dr Montefiore 
in his recent book on An- 
glican-Roman relations. So 
Near ami Yet So Far (SCM £5. 

In it he writes, speaking of 
An glicans “Even if they could 
agree to the immediate 
universal jurisdiction of a 
universal primate, they 
would, I think, require the 
moral and spiritual limits of 
this jurisdiction to be fully 
defined. They would also, I 
think, agree that consideration 
of universal oversight should 
be developed in dose connec- 
tion with an emphasis on tire 
right and sometimes the doty 
of the community to engage m 
critical discussion of 
on frith and morals." 

But that qualification aside, 
the Tulsa affair appears to 
have satisfied Dr Montefiore 
that tire unity of tire church 
needs something rather more 
red-blooded than “consulta- 
tion and understanding", and 
unless it moves fast in that 
direction it wifi disintegrate. 



Varied public service 
and feudal roots 

Mr Cecil de Sausmarez. 
MBE, scholar, diplomat, war- 
time broadcaster and promt* 

neat Guernsey man. dial on 

November 22. He was ? 9. 

Cecil Havtlland de 
Sausmarez was bom on No- 
vember 20, 1907, at Raws* 
mndi, the son of a soldier. He 
waseducated at Winchester 
(where he was a scholar) and 
at Hertford College. Oxford. 
He later held a Laming lan- 
guage fellowship at Queens 
College, Oxford. 

In 1932 he became an 
assistant master at Welling- 
ton, and held the post until the 
outbreak of war, when he 
became press attache at the 
British embassy in Brussels. In 
1940 he escaped via Dunkirk. 

His knowledge of Belgium, 
together with a fluency in 
Flemish and German, proved 
nsefbl during the next year, 
when he was attached to the 
Ministry of Information, first 
in tire anti-rumours office and 
then as a specialist on 

In 1941 he moved to tbe 
Political Warfare Executive as 
regional director for the 
Netherlands. There he was 
one of the originators of the 
“V" sign, and ins broadcasts 
to occupied Europe were pre- 
ceded by the fust four notes of 
Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony. 

De Sausmare z was the first 
to announce the D-Day land- 
ings on the wireless in Flem- 

He went back to Brussels 
with tbe restored government. 

and served as first secretary at 
the embassy there from 1944 

to 1946. He then represented 
the British Council in Bel- 
gium. lecturing in French and 
Flemish at 1’Universite Libre 
de Bruxelles. 

He returned to this country 
in 1951 as a tutor at Wilton 
Park, an organization to pro- 
mote better relations between 
England and Germany, a 
cause always dear to him. 

In 19S9 he made his home 
in Guernsey as Seigneur of the 

Fief de Sausmarez. He was 
elected people’s deputy to the 
island's parliament two years 
later, where his experience 
made him invaluable in estab- 
lishing links between the is- 
lands and the EEC. 

In 1966, when Guernsey 
celebrated 900 yean* associa- 
tion with the English Crown, 
and an ancient ceremony, tbe 
Chevaucheede St Michel, was 
revived, de Sausmarez orga- 
nized the festivities. And he 
arranged for his cousin, Olivia 
de Ha vi Hand, to take the pan 
of her ancestress Lady de 
HaviUand, whose husband 
had been Bailiff of Guernsey 
when the Cbevaudtee was last 
celebrated in 1813. 

De Sausmarez retired from 
politics in 1979, but renamed 
active in mind and body 
despite increasing deafness. 
His favourite pastimes were 
chess and golf He was a 4 
devout Anglican. 

He married, in 1938, Chris- 
tian Hedley, who survives him 
with their two daughters. 



Latest wills 

Winifred Joan Wadge, of Great 
Missenden, Buckinghamshire, 
surgeon, left estate valued at 
£274.985 net - After - various 
bequests she left certain effects 
and tbe residue of her.esiaie to 
Newnham College. Cambridge. 
Sir Kenneth Mains Wood, of 
Wokingham, chairman of Con- 
crete Ltd, 1 958-79. left £936.684 

Dr C.W. Bodmer 
and Dr FJL Wood 
Tbe marriage took place on 
Saturday, December 6, at 
Christchurch, Heaton, Bolton, 
between Dr Charles Walter 
Bodmer, younger son of Sir 
Walter and Lady Bodmer, of 
Lincoln's Inn Fields and 
Wantage, Oxfordshire, and Dr 
Fiona Jane Wood, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs John D. Wood, of 
Bohon, Lancashire. 

Mr DC. Gore Browne 
and Miss DJ. Rees 
■The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St George's, 
Damerham. Hampshire, of Mr 
David Gore Browne, son of Sir 
Thomas and Lady Gore 
Browne, and Miss D iana Rees, 
daughter of Mr and Mis N. 
Rees. The Rev J. Hathaway 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Algy Brin ton, (ran- 
ds Sera pill, Joshua Lamb, Lucy 

P ilking tftn Cfaro PitlOTigUv n anA 

Cosima Sent pill. Mr Robert 
Gore Browne was best man. 

A reception was held at West 
Park Farm, Rodcbourne, 
the honeymoon will be spent 

Mr AJG. Archer 
and Miss AJ. MHhr 
The marriage took place in 
Khandallah, New Zealand, on 
Saturday, December 6, between 
Mr Andrew Archer and Mis Jo 


and Miss SC Henna 
Tbe marriage took place on 
Saturday. December 6, at tbe 
Church of St Thomas of Canter- 
bury, Gainsborough, between 
Mr Charles Holt, of West 
Bergholt, Colchester, and Miss 

Sarah Hernon, of 

Mr P.W. Menhnan 
and Mss AJ. Sterdey 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday in toe Royal Memorial 
CbapeL Sandhurst, between Mr 
Peter Merriman, The Royal 
Regiment of Fcsiliers, younger 
son of Mr and Mrs Frederick 
Merriman, and Miss Anabd 
Stavdey, only daughter of Ma- 
jor General and Mrs Robert 
Stavdey. -The Ven Frank John- 
ston, die Chaplain -General, 
offici ated. 

Tbe bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Catherine 
Ashmore, Emma Brooks. Lucy 
Macdonald and W illiam Massa. 
Mr Ian Merriman was best man. 

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Sale room 

New Zealand painting 
sets record in Dorset 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 
An auction price record for a rather than being standard 

topographical news. 

Duke’s had up with 

an Australian firm of auc- 
tioneers to publicize tbe paint- 
ing with foe result that 
Dorchester wait international 
for the day. The purchaser was 
an Australian collector. 

Sotheby's sale of 20th-cen- 
tury deco rati ve art In New 
York ra Saturday made 
£1.4 mfllia n with 6 per cent 
unsold. Tiffany lamps ami 
Press figures were the top 
runners: a wisteriaJmnp made 
$90,750 (estimate $40,000 to 
SOLOOO), or £ 62386 , and an 
may acrobat leaping over a 
gilt-bronze flame made 
§37,400 (estimate $20,000 to 
$25^00), or £25,793. 

An aaosnal offering was the 
pair of gilt mirrors and side 
tables designed for Conrad 
Hilton’s boose in Bel Air, 
Cafifamta, by T. H. Robsjohn- 
Gibbmgs, which made 544,000 
(estimate $48,000 to $60,000), 
or £30£4& They combine 
carved madrone wood and gDt- 
faronze in a 1930s adaptation 
of Regency style with a strong 
whiff of Hollywood. 

New Zealand 
been set in a Dorset saleroom. 
“Mont Cook and the South- 
ern Alps”, by Nicholas Che- 
valier, dates from the late 19th 
(otey and sold for £10&925 
(estimate £50,000 pins) at m 
anctioa van by Bevy Duke^of 
Dorc h ester, on Friday. 

The f» u*nring bad hung at 
Cosygar Honse, Broadmayne, 
Dorset, which was bititt in 
1895 by a suc c e ssfu l sheep 
farmer from New Zealand. It 
can be presumed t bat he 

Mr Frank McCarthy, retired 
American brigadier-general, 
who produced the film Patton 
that won seven Oscars; died 
on December 1. He was 74. 

He was bom at Richmond, 
Virginia, on June 8, 1912, and 
educated at the Virginia Mili- 
tary Institute, where be was an 
instructor and tactical officer 
from 1933 to 1937. During 
this time be also spent a year 
as a reporter on The Rich- 
mond News Leader. 

He went to New York City 
in 1937 as a press agent for 
Broadway producer George 
AbbotL The following year he 
had his first taste of cinema 
work as technical adviser on 
Brother Rat, a film about 
military academy cadets 
whose cast indnded Ronald 


During the Second World 
War he served at the War 
Department, where he was 
mifaary secretary to tbe chief- 
of-staff General George C 
Marshall, from 1944 to 1945, 

before becoming an assistant 
secretary at the State Depart- 
ment. He was awarded the 
DSM, the Legion of Merit and 
the British OBE for his war 

After the war he returned to 
films as European representa- 
tive of the Motion Pictnre 
Association of America from 
1946 to 1949. He then joined 
20th Century Fox as a produc- 
er. remaining with than until 
1977, apart from two brief 
spells at Universal. 

Patton, which starred 
George C. Scott as the Second 
World War general, appeared 
in 1970. Its seven Oscars 
included one for best picture. 

McCarthy produced several 
other films, among them Mac- 
Arthur, Decision Before Dawn 
and A Guide for the Married 

Much riven to good works, 
he served for 30 years on the 
board of the Motion Picture 
and Television Fund 

the house was soM in 
1954 the picture was valued at 
£6 bad passed otcto tite new 
owner. The house -itself- cast 
Anthony Tewsou £13£M m 
1971 and on that oroasam the 
picture was thrown in. 

He had intended, once 
again, to sell the pictme with 
tbe bouse -it measures 6 foot 
by 10 foot — unffi Duke’s 
r e pres ent at i ve advised him of 
its possible vahe. Chevalier 
exhibited at the Royal Acad- 
emy in London and, accor di n g 
to his biographer, his moun- 
tain paintings ewe a debt to the 
German ro m antic Friedrich 


(How many other 
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^ to use their 
own microchips and circuitry in their 
designs?) If you'd like the finer • 
details, post off the coupon and we'll 
send you a brochure. Orjusisimply . 
call 01-200 0200 and ask for NEC 

Then see why we've got our 
competitors on the hop. 


Send lof NEC Business Systems (Europe! Limited. 
Radio Communications Division. 33 Oval Road. Camden. 
London XW| TEA 

T 8/12 



MrMJLM. Boteherby 
and Mob SJL m artin • 

The engagement is . announced 
between Mare, eldest sou of Mr 
and Mrs J.M. Boteherby, of 
Boqgival, Ranee, and Sarah, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs G 
Martin, of Walton-oo-tbe-HHl, 

Mr OJLN. CxrriHe 
and Miss PABomi 
The engagement is announced 
between Brendan, second son of 
Mr and Mis J. CarviDe, ofWest 
Derby, Liverpool, and Pamela, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs E.L. 
Bowen, of Wool ton, Liverpool. 
Mr MJE. Chetwjnd-Stepylten 

& Miss CSwy 

Tbe engagement is announced 
between Miles, son of Major 
and Mrs EJL Chetwynd- 
ipylton, of Fetixldrk, Think, 
North Yorkshire, and Caroline, 
daughter of the late Mr Jan Siwy 
and Mrs Siwy, of Bedford Park, 

Mr TjG. Daw 
and Miss SJ.Gwdeve 
The engagement is announced 
ween Timothy, younger son 
of Mr and Mrs Herbert Daw, of 
All Cannings, Wil tshir e, and 
Suzanne, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs William, Goodeve, of 
Allington, Devizes. 

DrJA Geneger 
and Miss EA. Leaver 
Tbe engagement is announced 
ween John, younger son of 
the late Mr SJ. Groeeerand Mis 
J. Groeger, of Code, Republic of 
Ireland, and Amt, only daughter 
ofMrand Mis WAJ. Leaver, of 
Old Rifthams, Danbury, 

Mr CJ. Harris 
and M»Sf. Coochk 
The engagement is aim 
between Christopher Ji 
youngest son of the Rev Jeffrey 
W. and Mrs Harris, ofB 
and Susan Patricia, only da 

ter of Mr and Mis 

Conchie, ofSway, Hamp s hire. 

Mr DjG. Matsden 
and M bs SA Roberts 
The engagement is announced 
>een David, son of Mr 
Austin Marsden and the laic 
Mrs Catfaryn Marsden. of St 
Helens. Merseyside, and Sally, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs PMro 
Robots, of Glen Vine, Isle of 

Dr A.O. PtriOips 
and Mbs L. Morgan 
The engagement is announced 
between AJed Owazn, only son 
of Dr and Mrs G.O. Phillips, Yr 
Wyddgrug, Ctwyd, and Linda, 
only daughter ofMrand Mis W. 
Ellis M orgam. Creunant, 

Mr G. Cast! edine 

and Miss LA. Slater 

The engag e men t is announced, 
and the marriage will lake place 
shortly, between Geoige, youn- 
ger son of the late Mr and Mis 
Walter Castledine, of| 
Whitchurch, Shropshire, and 
Leonora Adamson, younger 
daughter ofMr and Mis AJUL 
Slater, of Bedford Park, 
London, W4. 

Mr NA. Meredith 
and Mbs &A. OUfrer 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas Andrew Mer- 
edith, RAF, son. of the late Mr . 
J.D-E. Meredith and of Mrs 
B.M. Meredith, of Harpenden, 
Hertfordshire, and Salty Ann, 
second daughter of Mr and Mrs 
R.O. Ottxver, of Greenfields, 
Kingston Stert, Oxfordshire. 

and Miss SJL Payne 
The engage me nt is announced 
between Andrew, elder son of 
Mr and Mis R. Raffi, of 
Banrick, Stanboe. and Suzy, 
younger daughter of Mr 
Gihnour Payne; of Woodlands, 
Hotford, Somerset, and Mrs 
Charies Barclay, of Brent 
Pelham, Buntingford, 

Mr Anthony 
journalist, whose exposure oi 
Pakistani army atrocities cre- 
ated a world-wide sensation in 
1971, died on December 3. He 
was 58. 

Neville Anthony (Tony) 
Mascarenhas was born al 
Be lg a nm , near Goa, on July 
10, 1928. A Roman Catholic, 
he was educated at St Patrick’s 
College, Karachi, before join- 
ing Renters in Bombay in 

At the time of partition he 
was sent to Karachi to start 
their operation in the new 
stale of Pakistan. He then 
helped to found Pakistan's 
own news agency, APP. 

In 1958 he joined the Times 
of Karachi as assistant editor, 
and the same year visited the 
United States on a leadership 
exchange under the auspices 
of the American embassy, 
travelling from coast to coast 
and meeting President 

From 1961 to 197! he 
worked for tbe Morning News, 
mainly as assistant editor, 
though for two years (1963-5) 
he was its correspondent in 
India, and in 1965 was in- 
terned there with his family 
for time months while India 
and Pakistan were at war. 

In 1970 he was recruited by 
The Sunday Times, for which 

paper he wrote, the following 
year, the report from East 
Bengal which profoundly in- 
fluenced opinion in the out- 
side world, and which changed 
the course of his life. 

He and his family bad to 
leave their home and all their 
possessions in Karachi He 
arrived in Britain on June 12. 
1971, and the following day 
his three-page story appeared 
in The Sunday Times. It was 
quoted all over tbe world and 
won him awards from IPC 
and What the Papers Say. But 
it also earned him the bitter 
haired of Pakistan's military 
regime, and for some time he 
had reason to fear for his life. 

From then onwards he lived 
in Britain, writing for newspa- 
pers here and abroad. In 1976 
he became an Indian citizen, 
though at the tune of his death 
he was intending to apply for 
British citizenship. Large and 
thick-set, but gently spoken, 
Mascarenhas was a likeable 
man, with varied interests as 
well as courage and convic- 

He published The Rape of 
Bangladesh in 1972, and tins 
year his second book, Bangla- 
desh : A Legacy of Blood, 

He married, in 1952, 
Yvonne Gertrude D’Souza, 
who survives him with their 
daughter and four sons. 


Mr CPJN. Ray 


The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of Mr 
Derick Ray and the late Mis 
Ray, of Great Shelford, Cam- 
bridge, and Rowena, elder 
daughter ofMrand Mrs Jeffrey 
Silk, ofWhytdeafe, Surrey. 

Mr A.W.G. Reed 
and Mbs AjG. Weldon 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Andrew, son of Group 
Captain (retd), and Mrs WOliam 
Reed, of Eydon. Northampton- 
shire, and Anna, elder daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Patrick Weldon, 
of Westbourne Park Road, 

and Mbs LA. Boyce 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, eldest son of { 
Mr and Mrs W.H. Summers, of 
Tenbmy Wells, Worcestershire, 
and Lindsay, only daughter of i 
Mfr and Mrs = OF. Boyce, of i 
Bicester, Oxfordshire. 

Mr D.O Whittaker 
and Mbs VJL Ackrayd 
The engagement is announced’ 
between David Give, second 
son of Mr and Mbs KA 
Whittaker, of. Overdale. 
Dunblane, Perthshire, and 
Vivyan Kate; only daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Christopher 
Ackroyd, of. Nutfleld, 
Sevenoaks WeakL Kent. 

General Le Trong Tan, 
chief of Staff of the Vie tnam- 
ese army, and a key figure in 
the Communist victory in 
1975, died in Hanoi on De- 
cember 5. He was 72. 

He was born near Hanoi in 
October 1914. He joined the 
Indo-Chinese Communist 
Party, forerunner of the Viet- 
namese Party, in 1944. 

At the end of the war against 
the French in 1954, he was 
made director of an infantry 
school. He was promoted 
major-general in 196L and 
made deputy to tbe chief of 
staff of the Vietnam People's 
Army. In 1971 he served as a 
special envoy of tbe army high 
command to help Laotian 
anti-government forces in the 
Plain of Jars. 

He led North Vietnamese 
forces in the March 1975 
assaults on foe cities of Hue 
and Danang, pan of the 
general offensive that led to 
foe Communist victory foe 
next month when, in a light- 
ning campaign, they seized 

• H? **. appointed chief of 
staff and vice-minister of na- 
tional defence in 1978. The 
following year he and other 
imlitaiy commanders led 
Vietnamese forces into Cam- 
bodia to help insurgents to 
overthrow the pro-Chinese 
Khmer Rouge regime. 

He was elected to foe Com- 
munist Party Central Com. 
mittee in 1982. 

Major-General Sir Robert 
Pigot, BL, CB, OBE, died on 
November 30. He was 71. 

Robert Anthony (Tony) 
Pigot, who became tbe 7th 
baronet when he succeeded 
his unde in 1977, was born on 
July 6, 1915. He was educated 
at Stowe and then commis- 
sioned in the Royal Marines. 

During the Second World 
War he served in the RM 
division and, for a time, with a 
commando brigade in South- 
East Asia. He was mentioned 
m despatches. 

After the war his most 
interesting work was with the 
Nato standing group in Wash- 
ington (1954-7). From 1960 
until his retirement in 1964 he 
was chief of staff of the Royal 

As a civilian he was, for a 
short time, managing director 
of Bane Brothers, and on the 
boards of two other com- 

He was a weft-known and 
popular figure on foe Isle of 
Wight (High Sheriff in 1978, 
and a DLL where his love of 
yachting could be indulged. 
He was a former commodore 
of the Bern bridge Sailing Chib 
and vice-commodore of the 
Royal Yacht Squadron. 

His first wife. Honor Gib- 
bon. whom be married in 
1942, died in 1966. Two years 
rater he married Sarah Col- 
vute. who survives him , as do 
a son and a daughter from 
each mar riage . 


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BELL - On D'-ti-mhcr jy ji 
Hoaihcntood Howm. Awo , l£j ‘ A|1|| 
and John, a dauqntcr Mrafa sicoh 
an* jane ' 

STS; a Mn - a h;uf br «^ 

COWLEY ■ On Novcfliwr I4ih. < 0 Jrn- 
mfer ineo AUardirci and tan, a ^ 
AKtsiar Robert, whir- i<h Chrislo 
pher Jam« 

COX • On DMemner it a. to AHwn 1 n«. 

Mar,m - 3 ajU ^'" 

tfUWFORD - On December im ir. 
CanbecTj. Australia, lo Elizabeth 
«ik* Wheatcroii). and Geoflrey a 
daughter. t>arab Rosalind, a s*sier for 
Alexandra and Nichola-. 

DELANEY -On December isi. in War 
Wick. New York, to Diane nice 
Malone) and Robert, a sen Michael 
Peter, a brolhor for Danielle NiroUe. 
and a grandson for Micnael and Ann 
Pder and Mav 

HAMLTOK On December ath | 0 An 
drew Si Anth.\j j dauohter Alice 
HASHES • On No\ ember ?5W». 10 
Carolyn <nee Fox' and Jonn a 
daughicr Jenny Eiizabcin. a -aster for 
Anthony and Sophie 

Dwmiber Sin to Susan 
mee MIIK1 and flic hard a M n 
*w r_Rim . a br outer for Alastair 
aim Tom 

On December 
Srdi 486 MJdoeruv PdM Craine. m- 

1*2 UTS 1 "* * knl.10 

ia..ier of Marun. Andrew, p au j pt,j 
«» .uut Jane. Dear«f sfco uutur ot 
Fiona .ini] Mirhoian. fattier in law of 
Jennie. Ci Uiy. Bridget and Patrick 
and sf joofatnor of StegoZi. Chm Pnibn. Edward mui Kg^el, 
Pm me family service and buna] fol 
luwrd ts rtunksgtvlnu Service at 
l^Koln dihedral on Tuesday 9Ui 
December ai lpm Family Ifewon 
Wily. Denial 10ns to the Dean. Uncoln 
dihedral, for dlsUHMNion lo the 
Ctunu /Chanues nammaied by the 

HULME On November 26th. peocr- 
U»B>- at me King Edward the Seventh 
Ha-^rnui m Guernsey. John. A me- 
rnonm xrvice w}U be beta at Pinner 
Middlesex Details lo be annovnmt 

December Slh. guieiiy in London 
Anuuuiy Perry lo VtUene Slncklond 

line Woodbndiei 

RAMOS - on December Jlh loe&. Jo- 
Uan Sanchez de Tina, aged " 35. 

Miis on Wednes- 
day 10th December, a memorial 
service al a laicr dale, -win be an- 
nounced. No Itowcrs please Mass 
cards lo famiii home, donauons if 
drstred loAGSl. Burliiwjion House 

BEYNOLOS - On December 4m. at St 
Marys Hospital. Paddington to 
Sheron mee Bedell Pcarcei and Ricn- 
oro. a son, Crorgr William Hugo. 


j.. v“ 

^4 - 

-Z%? -.i. 


ROBINSON . On December 4m. 10 Sa 
ran mee Myi-m and Miih.ici. a son 
Myles, a brother lor Cira 

HOLKE5S 1 NIXON ■ On Saturday 24 Ih 
November, in Isiuwion. Paul Holness 
and Margaret Nixon 


ATKINSON ’■ On December 4Ut. peace- 
fully at home. 45. The Balk. Walton. 
Wakefield. West Yorkshire, aged 15 
years. Stuart Christian, the very dear 
son of Peter and Catherine and much 
loved brother or Bndgrtle and Rus 
Ion. Service and Cremation will take 
place al Wakefield Crematorium, on 
Wednesday. December loth, at 2pm. 

BURGER - On December 1st 1986. 
suddenly. Elizabeth, beloved sister of 
Thca and aunt of Bobby. Funeral at 
Putney Vale Crematorium on Tues- 
day December 9th. 

CARTER - On December 3rd. sudden- 
ly. Harry William of 13 Cherry 
Orchard Road. Lis vane. Cardiff, 
dearly loved husband of Freda, lov- 
ing rather of Carole and Virginia, 
dear father-in-law of Peter and John 
and most beloved pappa or Cather- 
ine. David. Phtaiuwn and 
Alexander. Funeral service al 
LiS'.an? Church on Wednesday iOth 
December a: noor. Afterwards at 
Tttpmtiill Crematorium. Family 
Powers only but donations if desired 
to N S.P C.C.. c/o 1 Bnndicy Road. 
Cardiff. CF1 7UR. 

CAVE - On December 5Ui. beocefuBy 
ai home in Suffolk. Sir Richard Guy 
Cave. MC. beloved husband of 
Cli'ian and dearly loved father of 
Endgd. Dinah. William and Robert, 
funeral service al the church of St. 
Peler and Si. Paid. Aldcburgh. al 
2pm on Friday 12th December. 
Please no flowers buTdonaaons. if 
Jefired. lo East Suffol k Ma antllan 
Appeal, c/o NFCR. 15-19 
Bnnen Street. London SW3 3TY. 

WY50N On December 3rd. suddenly 
al Guys Hospital. London. John Slu 
oil. greatly beloved husband of 
Rownarv aim father ot RirJiara ana 
Kdihnnnc f unreal Service. RandoUs 
Pack Crenuionum. LMlKrlwad. 
Tliur-wijv December 11m. al 
2 30um 

*J**AY TAYLOR On December 

iUf- SI tarlhotomrvw's HospllaS. 
EC. Moms aged 81. former town 
cterb and freeman of Tottenham, be- 
loved husaanc of Consignee, loved 
father of Jennifer Justin and John, 
grandfather of seven. Funeral 

MACLEAN - On December 6th 1986 
war *1 uiiy in Haywoods Hearn Hos- 
pital otter a short Illness. David 
Cr Hjfiiori. m his Both year. Devoted 
tueJiand of Jane and much loved fa 
iner of lan. and grandfather of 
Charles and Alexandra Cremation 
private Family flowers only 

MASCARENHAS - Suddenly on De 
t ember 4in Anthony, beloved 
husbaitO Of Yvonne ana father Of 
Keith. Allan. David. Mtcheal and 
Cvnthia Formally of the Sunday 
Tinui.. Sen ire al 1 30pm Tuesday 
9»n Dcrt-mber. CarmrUie Church. 
Kensmgion Church SI. W8. and 
II ■etr-jliiT al Golden Green Cremaio 
Hum at 2.45pm. 

RfTCHfE On December Slh 1986. 
(H-ati-fully. Diana Teresa (Terry 1. 
widow of Richard Duncan, much 
loved -Jvler ol Val Fawcus. and 
mother of Colin. Graham and Clare. 
» uneral service al SI Phittps. Nutlev 
Lane Retgate on TTiorMay Decern 
tier 1 1 m ol 3pm Donations If desired 
to St Catherines Hospice. Crawley. 

ALEE - On December 3rd 1986. Wil- 
liam Bnertey. after a long and 
courageous bailie Much loved hus- 
band ot Marjorie, dear father of 
Jane. Caroline, Margaret and 
grandpa of Louise W1U be sadly 
missed bv al! who knew him. Crema- 
tion Friday 12th December al 12 
noon. Enquiries lo EbtuUls. 89 High 
St. Croydon. Family flowers. Dona- 
tions If wished to Britton Dteleblcs 

STYLES - On December 5th. w.E. 
iBtifj. aged 79 years. Beloved hus- 
band of Ethel, father of David and 
Janet and fond grand-father. Profes- 
sor Emeritus of Adult Education. 
University of Hull. Funeral service 
Charier lands Crematorium, hud on 
Wednesday lOlh December at 1 1.40 
am. No flowers by request please. 

THORBURN - On November 29lh 
1986. suddenly in London. Mktud 
John, aged 41. hiEband of Anne and 
father to Alexandra. Funeral Sender 
al Ktnsal Green Crematorium, 
Siam. Wednesday December 10th. 
Any enquiries 10 L J Richmond and 
Son. phone; 01-902 8456. 

TWEEDS - On December 50i 1986. 
peacefully al North Berwick. David, 
much loved husband of Ruth and fa- 
ther of Luanda and Julia. Service at 
SI Baldreds Church. North Berwick 
on Tuesday December 9th at 11am. 
cremation private thereafter. Dona- 
tions may be sent to Cancer 
Research. . - 

OAWEU - On November SOUi. peacc- 
'ulO- in her sleep after a tong Illness 
in nospildl. Joan Ellen. a*ed 67. of 
Wembley. Beloved sisicr of Deris 
and Laune Funeral service al Pin- 
ner New Cemetery Tuesday 
December 9Ui al 1 1 30am. 

DRIVER On December Jfh 1986. Per- 
cy George John, aged 77 years. 
U-foied husband of Frances Belly. 
Funeral service at Eastbourne erv- 
nuiarium Sussex, on Wednesday 
December lOlh ai 11. 00am. No flow- 
ers bur donations :o Marie Curie 
Memorial Foundaltoo. 28 Bel Brave 
Souare. London SW1. 

Slh peacefully a! Trelinney. Marlone 
Pelhy Bridge aged 92. douyMer at Sir 
Thomas and Lady Barclay, widow of 
Philip, dearly loved mother of Tim. 
Anne and Helen, and grandmother. 
Funeral SI Olas's Church. Pcughlh al 
2pm on lllh December. 

FRIEND - On 4th December peacefully 
in her sleep m her 93rd year Mai^a- 
rts Dorothy 1 Madge 1 Iasi surviving 
Child of Henry and Florence Friend. 
Funeral pnvoie. 

GILLESPIE - On December Slh al Wed 
Pminn Manor. Belts- widow of 
Hugh and dearly loved mother of Da- 
vid. Margaret and Carol. Requiem 
moss at Si Wilfrid’s Catholic Church. 
Angmenng on Friday December l he 
I2ffi ol II IS am. Follow oy Miler- 
meni Flowers and enquires please lo 
F A. Holland Xid Son Terminus 
Road. UtU ehamplon. West Sussex. 
0903 713939 

VERMEY- On December 3rd. In. Mon- 
treal. OavM Basil fjonway Verney 
aged 62. Deer husband of Margaret, 
father of Anne and Rowena and 
brother of Bob and Margaret No 
flowers but donations If desired u 
Cancer Research. 


LAMBERTY - To the memoo'.of Ik. 
Helen Erslune Lapibeny. sfe Fergu- 
son 1 25th May. 192545th December 
1966. ’LH 001 your heart he trou- 
bled. neflher let It be afraid.' Bn. 
14:271. ■ 

NEALE - Professor Sir John Ernest. 
For Ids birthday, with most loving 
memory, always. Of. Stella and 

MOMMOTtCOOKE. On Friday 8th. De- 
cember. 1961. at SL Margarers, 
Westminster. Raymond Geoffrey lo 
Rosalie Vivien Gresham. Now at 
Peppard Common. Henley-on- 


IWflfhDxmG - on December 8th 1956 
In Nairobi. Kenya. Joe lo Puppl. 
Congratulations. Teddy and Alex 

Science report 

Interferon on verge of 
limited comeback 

Bv Andrew Wiseman 

Interferon, once wrongly 
as ihe ultimate ano-cancer drug, 
could be mafcuw ■ 
comeback- Israeli 
the Weizmann lnsU *? le . 0 „7^7 
race have evolved a biocbemic^ 

(mT-UcIl i. is 

identify sufferers most to ke.3 >«® 

benefit from interferon therapy- 

Dr Adi Kimcfai. ol the 
institute's department ot r njfr 
pgy, and her team beUri* 
how know why imeneron, whicH 
Tails lo prevent the spreads or 
leukaemias aad fympbonm^ 
many patients, is oevertbele^ 

Si,” m of 

some cases. 

Tlie Israeli team ^ 

work bv concentrating on a 
specific on if of beKasiy , - 

normally developing tissues anj 
turned off wben ccHs mature ana 
slop meitiplyiss- 

Bot io ,b f ls X dU m ™> 

Rudignanf % P iicaie 

h “«T n cuestion 

wildly. Tbe ,*2 tbemsel'es 

researchers tha? 

wa5 Aether it 

in evils respendinpjo ■ bal 


They >*.*«*£ SSS 

ered that dnrirtC^^ big-vd 

development * sub- 

celh an pe&« 

siaace was pns^-- , » Dr 

fbe cells -^ r[ t rs : 
Kimchi proved ^ih- 

that this 

depressing the fa r> 

c-myc genv- P c ^ 

Etwr division ° f ce! 

perhaps, they argued, in some 
Mood-system cancers sensitivity 
a~~limif«i to this natural protein was 
totally tost as the cancer devel- 
oped. while in other cases it was 
only reduced. la that event, 
controlled quantities of inter- 
feron given to patients might 
help stop cells running riot. 

Having developed a new 
procedure for analysing c-atye’s 

behaviour, which made it pos- 
sible 10 examine lenkaemic 
white blood cells taken directly 
from patients, the team showed 
that interferon was effective in 
reducing c-myc quantities in “a 
few cases", although admittedly 
mostly patients in this limited 
screening “were insensitive" to 

Dr Kimchi is convinced that 
those preliminary results prove 
that lenkaemic and lymphoma 
cells continue to multiply be- 
cause of a highly specific reces- 
dn genetic fault, which for 
reasons not yet understood pre- 
vents the biochemical process 
involved in the turning off of c- 
ntyc in response to interferon. 

The previously unknown stage 
ip ibe development of cancer 
pinpoints the importance of pre- 
screening abnormal ceils of o- 
diridoal patients, selecting only 
those likely 10 benefit from 
interferon treatmenL 

Dr Kimchi hopes that cancer 
^necialists throughout ibe world 
A* bw interferon in the control 
of blood cancers will collaborate 
with the Weizmann Institute to 
^tatffeh how accurately her test 
reflects Clinical responses ob- 
^,-ved in cancer patients. 






Alex. Diene ronVXl vaur tamiiy in 
Sydney. Australia or McKbnm and 
AtSKiatn. Sanction, I4GPfttiHjj 
Strew. Sydney. Australia. Tel. 

10106121 221 1088. bo vour 
mother » coflsianiiy rrouening to 
see you. Please contact urgently. 

“ ALL’S nun IA late m war 1 
Coo IM b wan Leva Mfl kna 

ULMruMtUi Thank yau lar tnree 
•nwalr mn ««y to.* iiut grow*, m 

urns, wmui nuuMSTQH mm ta 

onnounr* Uul ane wall not be acndlng 
iny rarO or ten nh cmktnui A very 
hoaoy cMMnue and new year la you 

ail IS Radnor rioar. H ew t ry on- 

Thaw*-, «C9 204. 

CMCLSCA Mamrfl m St. Luke’s? Pleoe 
mi tail Partut Office NWnv snvri. 
6W3 01-361 736S 
fnen me DnttUi IIubmm am. < Rw 
ruarUyi 13 Piwr ef won Terr, wa 

Uunk h ea rt ily "The menoa M ihe 041 ■ 
A good Utite was had by m 


nWMUn 8XAMST TaMng a ‘aae y»ri7 
Jain our 6 week vu utter course tn Italy 
Tel Art HHwy Abroad. Ol 344 8164 

oummcw arr nrvtcc cue »» 

Sly lei Sena an rlraanlly gut wrapped 
holtle, ratten uro or yraDoon WUB a 40- 
uncllvr card Itaermg hour personal 
mnagr anywhere in the UK lud 
phone O&U 80003. 

HCAinr tp HCJUIT. Today* way of M> 
mo - UonManUal uttrodueuaw* 
throughout UK lor Friendship and Mar 
riaor Heart to Heart. » London Rd. 
Twickenham. MUM* Ol 892 200 L. 
CALIIHg CITS Ltd proiewonal rumen 
turn vitae oorumcsM. Oetads 01-031 

COMVCYAHCDW by fully qualMlcal SoUcI 
Ion Cl 80 + VAT and daidard 
m-lMimrori i b rlnq 0244 319394 
nOENDSinr, Love or Mornage AH age*, 
areas Oaleune. OeMtQ>61?3 Abtacdon 
Rood. London WH. Tet. 01-938 toil 
VISAS USA. France. India. Aua 
223 6906 

CAflTAf. CVo pr epare Man quaftfr' curric- 
ulum Vllon 01407 7906 


IV 3 UCfceto 
Ptactdo Oontlnoo OMo. CnsU Oar- 
den. any dole. fuKH SO year old 1 * 
atnenioRB. 00406 2747 rvenuiqt. 

£4 WANIgD Large Vie wMdroba. 
chairs, exiendmg UHn. 

dc«k*, book case*, bureatn 6 dl palnOngs 
etc. Ol 946 7063 day.Ol 7890471 eve*. 

JEWELLERY. Gold. Silver, mnond* ur 
oenuy wanted Top prices, wilkiua*. 43 
Lambs CosidUU Si wet. Ol 005 8038. 

WAN 1 3D l DrtH lor any MTforxnance of 
OUUo Tet >0306) 880MA. . . t 



EST. 1811 


New Piano Showroom now finen 
Special ofTers on exMlna 
murfMAMint mm 
Low east credit terms available. 




CHICIIMSTANCCS NecamiaU dRpnaal of 
pan of Use contents of large Wiltshire 
counrry house, rumlture. pictures, 
rug*, chandeliers, omoments. Prefer lo 
seb in one tat C12.000. No dealan enler- 
(ataied. Reply to BOX B88. 

Cjasse ROSEWOOD Dkilnq Taste with 

elaborate pearl inlay. Qmdar but ex- 

lendkAe to oblong 10 sou 8. Six chain 
2 carvers deluded. Retail value £UC 


. (BOO 

accent LSMO 000 Tel: J. PMUpp* 
01-754-6926 ’ 

furbished, derusted. rePWMed, etc 
Limned amomir availaMr. £600 toOi. 

nan^epr. hwlan.U Flotiertv. 11. 

Uhb Drive. UghtWaier- Sumy. 

THE TORES 0^14-1 986) TMa Xmas gh>e. 
semaone asi an or l gl nU Isan e at^ad nw. 
very date they were barn. Cl 1 -96 (Pin 
free 1870's u - WOP YesUnlayN 
New*. 43 Dunaonatd Road. Gorwyn 
Bay. T et. 0492 SSI 196/63 1 303. 
FINEST ouabty wool carpets. Ar bade 
prices and under, abo available IOC's 
extra. Large room star remnants tnxKr 



WtcandonlxautSul natural cork bta* 
Utrameiv KM wearing ina mpn 
n> ran Dtgr DJ.93 per iq »d a val 
Me n* Nan v«h*f pde carnet 14 ptaut 
colour* Bub hi underlay IV wtda 
irom work 7 year wear guarantee for 
home or of! lev 14.79 arrsa yd * val. 
Bus me urgm seiecllan al plain car 
prtutg tn London 

307 HaiewaOi HUi 
HampHrod NW1 SW6 

TelO 1-794-0! 39 

Frre CMmurt-Coen nnmg 


that will make you swoon 
(from. only £X6pmi 


Albany Si. NWl 

01 955 8683 
ArtlBrry pure. Uia 
Ol SS4 4617 

I year itXu APRion me boot r s umiwi of 
new 6 restored Nana* Low mirreri oxer 
B vn 6 3 yn Wntten quotBOonl Fiw 
ratlahmut. 3Qa HWWMe Rd. NWb OX- 
267 TflVj 

WANTED cowardtan Vklarun and 
paUtMd rurmture. Mr ASMon Ol 947 
0940. 697-069 Garrett Low CorHflcid. 



: London School or Brwpe and 
38 tftnos Rond. SW1 01 889 


CMS WIC K Lukurloua mamMO QOL All 
lot HUM*. Garaoa. IO tome Tab* O/R. 
Ptof M/F. N/S £65 pw fXCl T«l 01 
994 6125 mer/wmoti 

Itmtl tdtarr *operb modrrn flat own 
bra/tutb. all mod rocs. CBS pw Tel. 
743*127? * 6416 or 8 78 8070 

CMCLSCA / Fulham. Ctrl required. S/s. 
own double bedroo m , urge beautiful 
mm bcewvon Kmpi Rd 4 futnam w 
All ameidlie* unci doalyi £65 pw IikI 
Tel Ol 731 7640 eve* 

CNCLHTA • Prof F. aped 20*. lo share 
room tn comfort* k fnendty Oal nr 
tone £180 gem exri. Trt Ol 8890703 

CARLS COURT Profnttooal female own 
double mom In «uM 2 bed flat. Come 
ntenUy lornied. wraNdha mae w ne £iao 
pm exa Tel: 0622-30489 
ILA1MATD Sdecttn Sharing Writ 
eriab liuroductorv service Pbe trt tor 
am*- 01-309 6491. 313 Brpmpum 
Road. SW3 

MAIBA VALE 2nd pan* to snare tux 

flat, to* b e lli i n . own bath. £70pw. 

naif normal price. Chancery Carpets 01 
406 0453. 

BRMUfTS OF NETTUKD annual Wlrter 
mr at rreuta and imsAriM Itmi- 
lurc commences Saturday flfc 

Female MMlk'Pac Jncfeet, -Extra' 
c2? mctirsl Star • lfi-id. Hi 200l 


Trt: Ol 680 4583 (daytime) or OX 668 
4319 (evenlnqL ' 

£1326 P.P. Xmas del. ptd. Oearw m w 
Product* <T). Oat Hendred. OxonOX12 
8LN 102361 833798/732/082 anytime. 
THE T1MKS 1795-1886. other Kites 
avoB. Hand bound ready lor presasda- 
non - also “Sunday*-, riz^a 
Remember When. 01-688 6323. 

Cats. sortigM Exo. Cho*. Lo Mi s. An 
Uiealre and warts-Trt: 821-6616/828- 
0496JV.Es / Vlaa / Dhterv 
ZAUBERFLOTE Cavern Carden ISO* De- 
cemOCT 4 ucfcen *UH» Clrcte after 1648 
pm Tel: 01-940 8862 - - -. 

ECKSTEIN Grand. 1914. 6 n. Ebontad. 
MnaCMia InslntmenL CiJOft-OMM 
4981. T. . 

RL0THNElt Boudoir Grand. Rosewood. 
Lripzsg 1906. Exrrtlenl cnndHkm. 
£4j60a Tel: CBaai 0225 833192 
CATS. CHESS. La Meuand Phantom. AB 
thoatre and sport. Tet a«9 1763. AM im, 
lor credit nts. 

you buy cat 
- 7/8468. 

It 8 Ltd. Ol 229 


Wimbledon. Rugby. Pw- Sport * *M 
Utratm. Ol 240 8609/01 836 99*0. 

ninect Torres *3ie- £I2000UO. TeL 0734 
733205 tmornlog* eabo.'- ■ . • ■' 

VINTAGE PONT. eoOecttoti of V bodfep 
1960-1977. cam separate. Oftera ptoaae. 
0636 298473. 


30.000 DEAF 

Tbencfrtttn hBretobaoughi hg*to 
‘ Ploy need 

attention and rkbompimi 
owe us tbe moms to hrtp and o 

sap Ate 

they are nol toraontii by BwsnwMrt, by 
“* an. ^ Luca AmtionBes. 



45 Herefgnl Bead, laodoa WZ 5Mt 
fttem Hff IRWyOteN fWPfT* 


boa iL 

Tof cdie r we 

We food o*er one tfaad of aD 
remdi into the preroaMo »L 
cue of fiitfff is ibe UK. V 

Hdp m by s endin g » ti o rmino 
or unite .8 legacy to 

Cancer, . 



2 CnRps Hhr Tmara, 
kDEPT Trmi2 London ST1Y JAR. 

. : SOMUCH ' 

Mans C. 3 to vests m Bomb 

now sees an explosion m every 
dock. All Senncemen-nsk memal 

breakdown in peace or mr alike. We 
denote otasdves m Hr weitare ol 
these men and woniro. Ws must QO on 
hetDinfi them. We must have funds. • 
Pteasa send us a Oonawn. a Cpwooi 
w iKitambei us wan a Legacy- . 


SnndMr HOu». In* fro Riff 
w-onwen SfriV 

in. To 01 M3 SD3 

_. Ol 286 1768 rVasOI 493 

- 8000 work. 

SW7 Garden *q- Prof. Person dun luxir- 


TOOTING RCC3 n*» Northern Urn. Lux 
CH tor. Fabulous nciuttrs Sub young 
- clly pme. l newly deeora i ed sntpto H60 
pan net. Ol 223 3649 
W DULWICH Prof m/f to share lux flaL 
close Stn. v spacious + writ furnished. 
£40 pw out. Trt: IO) 01-761-0900 04 1 
01-671-9648 after 6.30pm 
teARHTl SW1X Room In adTacltve OaL 
CH tree. 2/3 days wreuy- Approx £«a 

Tc<: Ol 741 2832 

CLAPHAH. 3 nuns let - jan 1st. Prof f 
20s non -amober lor own te*ra*. £40 pa- 
week. exri. Tet 01274 1389 leyrtL . 
CtAPMAMf PARK Prof P. 2CTS. N/S so 
Share tap fiat.-O/R. Nr toto: £176 sent 
plus bUb: Trt 01 675 3103 (alter docnir 
HAMMDtndmi snared a*noeo/r. p/kj 
2 bed Oac. All iMGcoua. ol nt Tube. 
£60 pw excl: -Ol 403-6378 after 6nm 
IIAMMOUTIR W6 2nd F. N/S to p hr 
mM lux flaL Own dbte roam and bath. 2 
mins Tube. £75 pw eted. Ot 741 6231. 
£161.30 pent etCCL TetOl 794 4967 
■pveiunqi after dpoiL 
HOLLAND PARK Own room in. Large HaL . 
£180 p short lei Reply to box 
BI9. . 

Own large room OtoiDHD noo Rnoteng 
Oat. £38 tori pw 01-937 2066. ... 
HI - Perfect tarStoV O/K-lutMradtaMiMS- 
j8dNLAd,,CBp pmafclacSAr«tnOraS9 
1633 alter 7 pen. 

NIKI -Ctrl, fwn room la fimey to- TVT 



dose lo amenities. Cl 40 -pem excL Trt. 
Ol 46l 2944. after 7 pm. ■ -J- 

own room aianwr oat nrar. 

Ova* «une. swt young ororeaNanai non 
amour £60 pw IhCl Tel: 01-701 0741 
SHORT/LjONO tenn Itettoare. W12. Close 
to Urie. £46 pw. Trt 01 743 2796 after 
11.30 am 

wz Room lo in storing in large house. 
£60pw. Tel: Ol 602 2137 (day) Ol 727 
1007 (eve* A weeLenfcj- ., 

WG Prat f. 24 -4-.N/S. IO snwe nix taf fioOT 
flaL o/r. CK Nr tnbe. £2aOMn'49(cL 

01 .741 3626 erex. . _ t r y ., T . 

vmmn roqs S/e riaL CH. F profjhare: 

2 others ^own raonvJa «apm bMfeLTOt 
Ol 9*7 0413 eves/we 



Uni* Grech conapes on superb money 
nay. landwriirt secluded vlaa* and 
aiTontaMe family houmeo. 


Beautiful villas wUh poofe- beach stre- 
am* with pool and teniR*-: ; .'- - . 
Lowest prices. Mg CDRdWGndtond. «*■ ' 
perten co x « cart np farnct-' r * 


. Stough (07631 488U (24 hrU. 
Abta £Uol oho 

CANADY MLAWPS. Xn specials, bid 
accom. Tenerife 23/12 x 8 days fr 
£27800 & 19/12 x 18 days fr C»60ep. 

G/CanariA 22/12 x 8 days fr £278pp- 
Lonzaroie 18/12 x.15 

15 days fr £3S8pp, 

Other dmtmaUora/nt& only Rata* on 
reaueol. Bonanza Hols. AM OSL ATOC 
231 0202 298844 . , 

lare lo' any drsuaauon In the world. 
EALING TTOvel Ol 679 777*. 

AIN TICKETS Specialist* N- Vortc £239 
LA/SMi Fran £329 Sydney /Melbourne 
C769. AU direct dally fMghts Dartair 130 
Jermyn StreeLOl 839 7144 

cosrcvmtes on mtntr/ho*. 10 eo- 
rope. . USA <■ - man desrinabon*. 
rastomai Trevefc 01-730 2201 ahta 

Travel- Centre. -Ol 878 8146. ANTA. 

IATA. ‘ " 

a. Xmas 4- New Year fltou* fr 
736 8191. AlOt/Abia. 

CHEAP FU6NT8 Worldwide. HaymorMrt 
Ol 930 1366. 

DISCOUNT PARE* Worldwide: 01-434 
0734 Jupiter Travel. 

WBfYEte SUN Specials' price* to Cyprus. 
Malta. Morocco. Greece. Malaga *. Te- 
nertfe. Nov A Dee. Pan World HqUdays 
Ol 734 2662. - - - r - 

Canaries. Green fits & note. 

5/1 Ir £399. U8teweH» 01 -Ml 0122 


AUCAKTC, Faro. Malaga. Palma. 
Tenerife. Dtmond Travel ATOL 1T83. 
01-681 4641. Horsham 68541 
EUROPE/ WOULD WIDE lowest (8ns on 
charier /scheduled fits. Pilot FhgM Ol 
651 0167 Agt Atol 1895. 

HOLLAML Dally fflght*. £36 O/W. £55 
Rtn. FranKhtrt from £69. MtraGe J« 
01 379 3322 . 


sssRasar-- ****-*-« ** 

66I4-ABT ..... 

LOWEST A If Fares. Scheduled Europe 1 
Worldwide. Med -Star Travel' 01 92a 
3200 . r . . ' . 

anom. car hire Ceu Seagun HoJuuys. 
01 629 9712 ABTA ATOL 1178 
ALL US CUTES. Lowest tee* on major 
scheduled earners 01-684 7371 ABTA 



Wnnouw m ert fbabts 
The mi a/id-wr can prove 1* 
t. 96,000 rtw«* once 1970 



C374 LWO 
£403 LOW 
L390 £748 
DM 13»C i 
£209 £418 
£248 £49b 

OM-HJ/ BOMBAY £231 £385 

COLOMBO £242 £440 

NAIROBI £348 £396 

JOVL'RG ' £270 £467 

UMA £279 £J» 

im ANGCLEh £196 £308 

NCW'VORk- . £ 99 Cl 98 

WASHLNG7DN £137 £274 

BOWTON Cl 57 L274 

HONOtLLL Utet £457 

GENEVA £ 74 £ 89 


LufopcASA rughte Ol 937 MOO 
Lohq Had riMtn* 01-605 1615 
l*l/Uuuni9S CLm Ol **S8 -54*4 
Gmrrnmnit Urerard/Bonded 




♦ ♦1ST CLASS*-* 

* * CONCORD* * 

SY0N6T * * MOB0UR8E 



jo burg * * s »frica 


FUI » * PT MOflE&ffr 

Bangkok * » tC*V0 


DUBAI • * EANflAlh 




LVUU£L£5- * * AUAM 



* USA « USA • USA *USA * 


(Esltl 19*9} 

yi Sooth Sl ttouio Swtcv 
: j3is/:4«: , ztAN'' 



Nairobi Jn'BUfg. CairoL Dubat. 
hlMUI. STOMMir. K.L. Drim. 
Bangkol Hong Nana Syonev. 
Mexico. Bogota. Carara*. 

Cut opr A Thr Aiwncot 

Flamingo Travel. 

76 Slufleibuiy Avenue 
London XIV 7DG 

01-4390102,01-439 7751 
Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 

*. AFRICA Fran £466. 01-584 7371 




VL8ISCL £239 


Ol Ibtfi' *U insurance and deUrKMrt 

if>22-t 311113 


Ac tcxWQarcLu cjtd/Amx 



























01-629 3368 




Atoarve/TOnente. Last 
Minute Dec/ Jon Wtotmun/ 
Lcngsuv wlnUr/Xmas Hots/ 
FUghta Europe/Woridwbje. 
Phone lor detads 

Ventura Holidays 

Tel London Ol 261 6456. 
Trt Sheffield .9742 351 lOO 
Trt MoncheNer 06T 834 59N 
Atol 2034. 

• V DlSCOt^rreD FARES , 

Return Return 


£390 SYDNEY £760 



□EL/BOMBAY £350 MIAMI £330 



- 142/188 SL Wt ■ 

tel oi-cariasiep/B . 

■ Late S Onto Bookecs-WrtcofTri 

-AtfiCMSA’ .-*- -V. > L0CE3S/WWE 
■“ W .\zrT<: r ifvv. y — .j-n t 



£69 N YORK' 


. NMMa •- V-ffindtdlBrr A*'TE49Q7 

NMretx ,rt •: «D>2Sc-. -aii i#fl hr r.».ii5«aar 

, JoTturg. - .-£460 Bangkok C3S6- 

Calro . --. £205 YMmaiwtii £440' 

Drt/Born . .£336 Rangoon. • .'£560 

Hon* Kond £610. Catcocto £428 

TtopF Dhcood* AraM on Til A Clab CDe* 
21 Swallow SL London wi 
01-439 2100/437 0537 


■ AMMAN - • --’EZ36 KUWAIT-- . £3X5 

BOM/DEL £366 NEW YORK £266 
"CAIRO ^£206 BALTIMORE., £278 

DAMASCUS ^£248* HOME ' ' " £105 

Dubai s34B8Eol<l . i«6. 

HONG KONG £490 SYO/MTL £690 

ISTANBUL £170 TAH*A1 • £670 
KARACHI £286 TOKYO £690 


TEL: 01-439 3521/B0O7 


-YD/ MEL £686 Perth £B69. An malar 
camera to Aue/NZ. 01-584 7371 

T« U.T.C. 107631 867036- 

HJCHTHaOKERS Discount Fares wqrid- 
lM/ccanotny. 01-387 9100 

Travel wne. Atxa. Aiot. 

734 6307. ABTA/ Atol. 

L W UtgiL Lax API* q/toaldng. beach. 

Puerto del Carmen. •+ windsurting Jan 
- AvaUatXUW. 01*40 1418 or *43 *443, 

BMI I ANY Loirtj- \1Ua. Sea 400 yard*. 
Suoemo' equipped. Sleeps 12. T«: OL- 
226 7600 

ALGAfnra 4 lux munde vuus. s/noot. ten- 
nis oourl. maid servire. magrenceol 
views. 30 mins Faro airport. Sips 6 A 8 
Tet 01 867 3291 

XMAS M Austrian aim. Depart London ny 
roach. 22 Ok 8 day* - snectai xma* 
dUwr/TvrtXean evening- 3 exr u rrton* 
£lS9tncl. Phone Edward*. KOUOassOl- 
360 9241.- ABTA. 


la Pam. Amsterdani. 
Geneva.' Sera*. Lau- 

MBht.. Zurecn- The Hague. Dublin. 
• Rbuen. Boulogne 8 Dteppe. Tttoe.OfT 
2a. Pia ster C ame. London. 8W1X7BQ. 
01-236 8070 

ABF4RC SPCC1AUSTS- Sydney o/w 
£490rtn£7BS. AucUand d/w £464 rtn 
£776. jo-buro O/w £246 rtn £485. Loo 
Angel** o/w £178 rtn £340. London 
Flight Centre 01-570 6532. 
OMBSTMAS in Laaxarotp. 4wxa lor the 
price or S £339 Limited avaUaMuty for 
2 Vrtl* £339. 109231 7785*4. TUnyway 
Hobday*. ABTA. ATOL 1 107 
GOING ABHOAPT Alrey A Whrrier 
, aperiaBsem RNwyao-wonr UghtweiaiM * 

irOMcto ■suH5Juxeac»Jm*tery A Kcrsso- 

- lies. 129 Regent Si London wi.,/ 

Hear FROM Ciaa. Taormina teto*. 
1 Sicily a te Carle. Grand Tour. Ftrgru 
only from £89 ran. BLAND SUN 0L222 
7462. ABTA/ATOL 1907 

CHRISTMAS CYPRUS, m Claw hotel on 
sandy beach from H/row. l wk £299 . 2 
wks £365 Rmg Pan w«ld HaMoys Ol 
734 2562. 

CHH 5 TMM avadabdiiy- Gat«riGk/Fare 
18 Dec £146 Malaoa 2 2 Dtoembcr. 
£169 vatexamter Ol 723 6964 Abu 
AIM Aero* 6/VJS3. 

LATM A IM H lt A. Low cost illghtB e.g 
RIO £485 uma £496 ftp. Atw Small 
Grots Hobday Journey »«9 rent tram 
£3501 JLA 01-747 3106 

Attortcal Fta* EasL Afrrca. ATOne AMD 
AM Trayvale. 48 Margaret teen. Wl. 
Ol 680-2928 (Vw Aerevtedi - % 

MEW YORK. L.A-. USA worithridedwtl- 
naftan*. for (he choapea tares, try us 
1st Richmond Travel. I Street. 

RKtanond Surrey ABTA 01 -9404073. 

MPPONAOr Seal talc to USA-Carmoeoh- 
Far EodI- A ustralia Call the 

prof ertio nab ABTA iata cc racnxed 
Tel Ol 2S4 5T6B 


J. - .--a. 

The Biggest Choice on Skis 




Deps. 20/21 Di-cernoer 7 nights 
Chalet Pan bps & Clulel Holds 
iron £l «9 SAN VK 3 IUO 

from .CM? VAL D ISERE • • 


SELF-CATER1NC frCxn £59 

from El«9 
irotn Cl 89 
from £149 

01-785 77U -’ • " 

SrtT CalGrlng i- HWJeh . , . 

cej>qlil enOlhues 

01-785 2200 

March Dcp*. 
0422 78121 

01-785 3*31 " 

Chalet Parties 

ABTA 16723 
ATOL 1232 



tXvTT:*-?. b*Fu%JN P9JCLS' 

:«DtC l«bK £149 

DEC IVIN .,.£199 

j J \N I WK £!$9 

1 ii-d . ii'o .Miweif Citfu Tir lop 
ftc.--.-nL nc.-4cn.-iRi' I m‘i of ilta Lx 
■nn rtiipn L pnl* 
AfCSlifW Mo4 


Jcnuon Boiwn 

Beaten ill 7 arc: ceunra 6nauuoomed 
cbalrt. twin : l in great oaauoct. 
ai auanle Jon i 2th tu Six. 1 987. 
Laruxz). ivoro. naht on pm*. 5 mim 
. v mare - Inc rraue * aloe ClXOopw 
- including cnxrt gull 

or 0) -602-5436 

JUST FRANCE Super value *rtf catering 
ill hMtdas-* ut the beat French resort*. 
Ring for new brochure now. 

Te| 01 7B9 2W7 
ABTA 697S6 AIN 13 8 3. 


m« special* to Trance 
SAVE up lo £200 I 
Dee 02 789 9999. 

and Switzerland. 

drps- On 20/77 

COURCHEVEL arms wmi i>su ore 

- 15£99/£2q9 2 wteLXraas £167 Jan 3 
£129/£I99. 2 wks Jan IO £129. AU 
pnen by coach Add £40 by air AU 
include lull tnard/lree wine In quality 
cnalrB. tree guidlna * lutikm For nro- 
enurr raB Lr Ski 0484 648996. 

w i re Swltzerltoid. Private chalet m 
centre of image Steen* 6. Avan for 
Xnus and New year. For detail* phone 
Susie 0763 663686. 

DON'T ROOK a std holiday unto you've 
read our udorroauve brochure, been 
oi crwhrtfncd by the value* stunned by 
ihe Special Often A FREE OtCd places 
(even on Xma* & NY. > SU Freedom 01- 
’741 46B6/4471 -041ml & Manchester 
061236 0019 <A10l 432). 

VAtrOUEXC 6 Tunc catered chalet 13 

- Dec (7 days tkl Into. Return coach only 
£!25pp 20 Dec £166 pp Inc return 
fttght*. No surname* ano some Xmas 
avaUabtllty Les Arcs & Meribcf Ski Val 
Ol 200 6080l34nn) OF Ol 903 4444. 

SNMV tel TRAFOI South TYroL 1 week by 
coach I31h December. £69 HaH -Board. 
Visa/ Access. Ako Christmas avalubU- 
I*. Ring Edwards Houdays. Ol 360 
9241. ABTA TOM4. 

LA CtlMAT. French SU OwleL Restdem 
.staff Suserb. iratL .accom. S/cat apt*. 
Trt 102421 603695 IdayV 607776 
'iriseiy - • ■ " 

7KKK AOVANTACOr-er <ua--«n January- 
Vertoer.-Vuiaiv MezilwL Megava. Sto 
_tas Alpes. 02 602 9766. 

ONLY £179pp So' D^c. " Lovely colored 
chain Porte* dn Scdell. Ski Total. 109321 
■231 1 1(7. - 

tM maim. Oatly to Genev a. Zn rlrtt. 
Kuadi ate- From £69. SKI WEST. Tel 
Ol 785 9999 


Course by Dries Craftsman. 6 
flay*- January 19m or Fsnrtroy 
- -t«h- Phone: Crawl 
<07961 768416/7E2314. 

INSTANT PLAT. Luxury Serviced Ken- 
sington. Chelse* irotn £326 sw. Ring 

Town House Apartments 373 3433 


/lal/hoiw up to CBPOpw Usual fee* 
req Pnirttp* Kay & Lewis. Smith of the 
Parti, cneteea office. 01362 Bill or 
North of meter*. RegeniY PtoH office. 
01 686 9882 

-CKLSEA SW3 Recently redecorated x 
' bedfLUinexcetaeniChetaealocaitoaoa 
The Kings Road, dote bed, reego/ Utm r. 
kf LOaih. £1 70 ou- Co Ofe* 01 829 8251. 

designed 3 bed. 2 6dn Hal with pan- 
oramic new over Albert HoO and 
environ*. To lei unfurnished with car- 
pets. cunatns and all machine* Co let 
£450 pw. Buchanans: 361 7767. 
KENSINGTON SWS. BngM new raver- 
sum nee*- carts Court tune. Auracnvety 
furn with 2 bedims- toe open plan rec. 
bath, if Ui With an machines. Avail 
now. Co trt onb £i*o pw. QurahM 
Constantine 244 7363 
SWl Auracnve maHotwtte ovcrtooUng 
garden morr. rerepL wUh trad fire- 
Mace, f/f Ml. 2 dtdc beds. hash. doto. 
.. spiral staircase, us upper lev**. £17* pw 
Cooles Ol 828 8261. 

CMCSSON ROAD. 3 dbie bed toaBMICtM 
andgdn in quiet street- C/H. fully turn 
+ machines teesi Btonmon tube 7 mm 
. walk. pw Avia! now. Trt 01-386 
5006 or 102974.! 3169 
FULHAM. Lux. modem 3 bed. 2 bath 
town house turt Wt Kings Rd. Carden, 
garage, s W. lacing brtcony. Aval now 
to family or sharer* Co let. £200 pw. 
Buchanan* 351 7767. 

ISLINGTON K1 3 ndns Angel Tune. Lixxu- 
iy spaoous 2 b e d room 1st floor flal. 
Large rerep. bathroom. GCH. Fully nt- 
led uirhen. prlvatp entrance. £195 pw. 
. Te* 0484 640770. 

KENS0MTON Superb spurious audio apt 
tn Period toe. gallery Wlehen/dlntaB 
area', and lovely bathroom, ium refor- 
btsned to a lugh sid £160 pw Benhapt A 
Reeves Ol 938 3522. 

FfMUCO SMO. v anracSie 3 Oe« aiMBon- 

ertr. 2 balhnn* <1 ensuitc) U Ml wltn 
machines. Beaubtuity furnished dose- 
tube. Co lei only £200 pw. ouraisni 
Constantine 244 7353. 

newly decorated and retargeted unlur- 
rushed 3 bed. 2 reerp. 2 Path houte. 
Fully fitted Wf & 2 roof terrace*. £450 
pw. Buchanans: 351 7767. 




SW7 ' 

Spacious 3 bed roomed first floor 
apartment sci in superb locale. 

Recently redecorated, ihe 
properly consists of c haU. recep. 
kuch. 3 beds, boihroom, 

£300 pw neg. 

01-629 6604 




Superb interior designed 2 

bedroomed flal sei on the 
4th floor of this pbb. Early 
viewing recommended. E 
hall, reccp, kiurh, d bed. s 
bed. bath. £220 pw neg incl 

01-629 6604 

WANTED Residence stlbDg Executive re 
■unuag tram L'S lo naltsr land. 
Available wun wrie to rertdr and look 
Aim proem* lor 6 months unUI own 
native read! tor occuoauon. Full refer- 

mm and mararicr ” — 

Mipoiled Ot 238 1745. 

EAUNO COMMON. Lux lamUi Dal. 
Three double bedroom* Large 
nveonon/duunq. Central healing 
Washing mamme Trfephcor Trim- 
uon Car park Garden. L18D per week 
Piivafety owned Ring Ol 2Bb 6724. 

_ _ BK W2 Good quauty turn 3 bed 

rial. Sin lac mg note recep 3 bains ti 
rmutri. good tn Ml e aooh. roof ieri 
Avau now. Co Lei onb £530 p.w mri 
Of. F W Capp Ol 221 8838. 

WEST KENSINGTON W14. Caallrtown 
Rd Tully turmvhed 2 brdrtooned flat, 
large reception A rntr-mrr tobby. AD 
mod cons Available for tmroediair C/O 
letonls EShO pent M Breere 236 182b 
■day) 0836 236612 in mi 

tefopmeru decorated to a levy IWf> 
standaid Studio rial £200 pw 2 bed 
room dais- from £525 pw to £475 pw. 
Kauxni Graham. Ol 684 3285. 

KENSBKfTON Coach House tn private 
iourtyard ■ 2 large recep*. 3 bed*. 2 
bam. H «i *ui tel UI. terrace £4 SO 
p.w Please roatad Suzanne Conway al 
Saunders al Kensington on 581 3623. 

rv family house 4 dbf bed. 3 ige rerepa. 
FGCH. ideal lor com muling to CUV 
£225 pw 6 months lei only. Tel 0734 
864253 eves. 

._. ;/ SHORT LET speriausls We 

have a ige selection ai luxury 1/ 2/ 3/ 
4 B edroom flats with maid service. Inte- 
rior designed * centrally totaled Avail 
Now Connaught Properties 727 3060 

937 *881 The number to t ei u wimer 
when seeking best rental properties tn 
renuw and prime London areas 

Wl (Seymour Mews) Luxurious 1/2 bed 
Mew* ftal close to Marts* Arch & Ox- 
ford Siren. £300 p.w. Andrew* Letting 
♦ Management Ol 686 011 I 
WEST DHD M FTON Nr Tube, new l bed 
Hal tn complex with gwtan POOL Gym 
and sauna, parking. Short or long teL 
£176 p w. Goddard & Smith. 930 7321 . 
veratly * Bnttth Museum. Telephone 
- Hrtrti W3MSOO- & CO. 580 6276. 
ROOMS COUNT W14 a wteruoo df new- 
ly renovated f/l 2-3 bed opts / mto 
ClMCXO p.w. me 675 1896 (T) . 
CCMTKAL- LONDON HoHday and tong 
stay hixuiy. balcony opurttiesil*.- From 
tlfiOpw. 01-228-7158 m 
CHELSEA Immaculate l Bed lui. £14Epw 
Inc CH/CHW. CO m. S G-Bofcuxf LM 
221 2615. 

tlBUf*. Altrarbvr flat. 1 larpe reew- 
ttan. dbie bed mi. kitchen. BUhira. patio. 
GCH £180 »w incl- 01-361 3670 
CWLSEA ■ Furnished flaL Rec. 2 bed- 
room*. K/B. balcony. £ 760 pm. Trt Ol 
689 4773 

OHST1BAS CHACK OW B Holiday flat*/ 
hwv m London availabte now. Boroam 
Price* Mace Properties 01-486 8926 
DOCKLANDS Flats and house* to let 
throughout the Dockland* area. TrtOl 
790 9660 

FLAT WANTED by young Prof couple. 
Self -contained £100 pw. Zones 123 
Call Neb Ot -6809262 (day) 

QROOM PARK newly dec sruotos or I Bed 
flats Ot. Tv. Lono/vhon lei*. From 
£125 P.w. 937 4999 
HAMFCIZAD NWS Lux flal. 26ft rec. dUe 
bed. CH. TV. ige sunny bate. W/mach. 
Co lei oref. £125 pw 01-624 4617. 
MAYFABI . Hyde Park the moe> luxurious 
lono/thorl lets 1/6 beds, best price* 
dobe Apartments Ol 936 9512. 
nCMGOND HU. Large bedsit, top floor 
of family house Kitchen, shower and 
WC £50 pw. Trt 01 940 3662. 
SCmnCED APARTMENTS to KeroinglOfi. 
Col T V 24 nr Sw. Telex CoiUngham 
■ Apanmenh. Ol -373 6306 
SLfMNE APANT1KNTS Perfect location 
off Soane Souare. FuBy serviced 6 
equipped. Trt: 01-375 6306 (T). 

serviced 2 Bed apartment Prime loca- 
tion Itrtd to park. 01-373 6306 (Tl. 
SWS Aiiractive 1 bed Date. flaL Ige reraL 
£550 pem- cad Tim Snuu 01-370- 

UA COMPANY Seeks flint properties In 
Central London. Cancan A Greater 589 

Wll • Mew* house 2 bed. l reception 
avaUaote- for 3 mono let £2£Opw.727 
7227 tT» 

W* inf Oxford Cl rc.* unmac lux 2 bed flat. 
Lee lounge- a fk b. all macti. £250 pw 
499 9272 rr> 

WAMDSWORTHSpactous 2 Bedroom AN. 

I year. £90ew. SXLBoiana Ltd 01-221 

CLAPMAM Nr tube, bnmac luxury flat 
2/3 beta tit*. N/S. £120 pw. Tet 01-720 

FMHJCO. s/c wwted pauo flat. Co Let 
£135. 82! 7015 

AMERICAN BANK urgently reoidres lux 
ury mus/houses. Ctirtsea. KrfghH- 
brtoge. Brtgravia areas. £200 - £2000 
pw. Barges* Estate Agents 681 6156 
BRUNSWICK QONS W8 Newly decorated 
2nd floor flat, double bedroom, large nv ■ 
tog room & kitchen. FuBy lifted. £1 50 
pw tor CH Tet. 0755 882252. 

EARLS COURT. SUKtio rut. tully (HO open 
plan ktt. baUum. eh A chw. EM phone, 
porterage. Co or rwtiOay Irt. £140 pw 
Snarnr Pro pertle* 629 9663. 

EARLS COURT. 2 bed flal to secure block, 
rec. fully Aid kiL badinn. newiy dec. ch 
& chw. Hfi. porterage. £226 pw Com 
or noUday lei Sagarote Props 629 9653 
HAMPSTEAD. Pretty 3 bedroomed col- 
lage. Lounge. Dfntng. I 1 '.- oath rooms. 
Large garden. Washing machine. Of. 
cte. £196 PW. Trt: 456 5769. 





Trag hr 

sonefle on 3 fin 

wiinownetH. soedrm* roafftsil 
premie i main, race® rm. kn/bTaMrm 
with all machine*. £530 pw 


Owner* e«« 2nd nr flal in moere 
location Octe Bedim bxfnrm. 2 

rNriUMh. kitchen with nuemnn. Dll 
A porter CJOOpw neg 

01-58! 7646 

For the Dcstrriuat »eiectton of 


in probe London ana 

const antlm: 

270 Earn Court Road. SW6 

01-244 7355 


Part i7tn century 

6 bees. 3 baSta. 5 ffceas., modem 

ammenine*. oak beamed, swim, 
pool. Herts village, close Sunstead. 
Mil and station. 50 nuns City 

Forest Bureau 

01 502 1717 


£225 PW 

KnnunUalr town home in putlknt 
new drv eioonn-nl Ideal!* located for 
CH* 2/3 bros. 1/2 rrceps. 2 balliv 
garage, burglar alarm. 2 5 month tel 

Dockland* Of I ice: Ol 638 4921 

V W GAFF ■MaiuQrmntl Scrvirevi Lia re- 
quire properurv in Crnlral. South and 
vvt-d London Area* for watting apptt- Irt Ol 221 383a 

rasetecuonof tux- 

ury proprrnri l 5 Bed*. From £2S0pw 
Berkete* LUOte* Ol 935 8999 

h*e. tpanow gallrr* reception. 2 
bedrmv lacurrt & shower rm Can 
Real l*' 01 581 0012 

W2. Modern mrw* home. Three beds. 
Two both*. Reerp Dm area. Kd. Ga- 
rage Co tet p ref From Mn lit. £250 
pw Trt Ol 221 7663 irvenmgi 

AVAILABLE NOW Luxury flats A houw* 
£200 £1.000 per week Trt- Burqrex 

-581 SUci. 

CHELSEA. Compact serviced budget stu- 
dios A one bed Rate. Excellent location 
near i> ken tube ABACUS 998 6871 

MAYFAIR. Wl Lux S/C flat. 2 Bdrms. 
Lge Recep. Fully equip SM/Litg Let. FT 
£200pw 01-493 7830 (TI 

ML TOWER RU BOt Luxury 2 bed flaL 
over looking the water, nr tube. £150 
pw. Trt Ot 265 0427. pm or w/emL 

SLOANE SQUARE ExcedeM new well 
equipped-- aeruced flal* for -1-3 par*. 
Ctoae HarTOdx. 997 6407/998 6871 m 

WEST DULWICH immaciilaie ftaL one 
bed. 1 rec. k and b. CH. £9Dp/w Tel 01 
670 0847 Eve*. 

IUHNBMTOH Supert> 3 bed. 2 bath Mews 
house. Parking, ah machines. One mile 
Bto Ben. £2so p.w. Andrew* Lenina St 
Management Ot 686 01 1 1 

KENSINGTON Wl RecpL bedroom, dress- 
ing room. KiL CH. TwtothOWddC 
£165 PW Trt 01-3760763/0722- 
22639/01 957-3964 

LANDLORDS We urpriiUy n eed your 
properties tor mplomattc and corporate 
applicants Benfwm Ir' Reeves 01 838 
3622. • ; . : ■ _ : 

LUX 3 bed. lown.lUNiM to Kew. Garage, 
gan*. clow u> lube and Kew gdn*. £186 
pw. Tel: 01 878 6796. 

MAYFABI newly modrrnlwd ' top floor. 
IM ui prrstteue block bed. recent- kd 
and bath, ch chw lift porter unturn/funi 
£225 pw King Wood Ol 730 6191. 

PUTNEY 1 or 2 profetoknial F lo *h«re 
town house with 2 men. Own double 
room £200 + hubs Tel Ol 947 0413 
eve*/ we 

REGENTS PARK. Peaceful canal Side. I 
eodrtP apanmenl. Briphl fresh wmte 
balcony. «f ktt. bath WUh shower. £130 
pw. QuraMii Conrtantine 244 7363. 

ROBERT RtVBfC ♦ BURNS offer* »riec- 
tton al flats A house* to the City. 
Knlghcvbnagc. Kenstofllon. Wimbledon 
and ouier areas Ot 657 0821 


NoUre 6 hereby given that the Mintage 
CormnBslon naa submitted to toe Bun- 
tary el Sure for Tranroort tor 
cenflnnxnn. a Scheme made under Sec- 
tion 3 of ihe PUoiage Act. 1983 im- 
pay merits lo be madr by PfloU9e authort- 
Hr* to the Commission. 

-Copies of Ihe Scheme may be obtauwd 
free of charge by any licenced pUOL har- 
bour authority ana iNNKmer from the 
Pilouqr Conmnum. B. Great James 
filreel. London WCIN 3DA 
Any pUOOgr auuiortt*- licenced PlloL 
harbour aulhoniy and shipowner and any 
person appearing to ihe Secretary of Slate 
to repro a ew them may. within a period ot 
42 day* from die dale of UHs nonce, obfect 
lo tor Scheme by giving lo tor Secretary 
of Stale a statement to writing setting out 
Ms obweflam to toe Scheme and the rea- 
sons lor toe oteecUons- Obfcctlcm should 
be addressed lo toe DeoarUnrtH of Trans- 
port. Suntey House. 90. High Hotoorn, 

London VDOV 6LP . 

Dated Uib etghUi day of December 1986. 




creditors of the above-named Company, 
which Is being vohmiarlly wound up. are 
required, on or before toe 31*1 ddv of 

December 1986. to send In their full Chris- 
tian and surnames, toefr addresses and 
description*, fun pgrncuian of thrtr deMt 
or dal me. and ihe names and addresses of 
(heir Sanction 'If any), to Ihe undershnicq 
Chnsloprr More FCA of 33/34 Chancery 
Lane. Lnndon WC2A iew. the uquktaior 
of toe said Company, and. if so required 
tty notice in writing' from too said Uqukta- 
lor. are. personalty or by their SaUcllon. 
lo come In and prove thrtr debts or claims 
rt tuen lime and place a shall be specified 
in such notice, or m default thereof they 
will be excluded from toe nenefll of any 
dear ibullon made before such debt* are 

DATED toll 26th day Of November 1986 

To Place Your 
Classified Advertisement 

Please telephone the appropriate number listed below 
between 0 a.m and 6 p.m. Monday lo Friday, 
or between 9.30 a.m and 1.00 p.m on Saturdays. 

Birth. Marriage and Death Notices Ol *18 1 4000 

Birth and Death notices may be accepted over ihe telephone. 
For publication the following day please telephone by 1.30 pm. 
Marriage notices nol appearing on the Court & Social page may 
also be accepted by telephone. 

Trade Advertisers: 

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Public Appointments 

U.k. Holidays 

Business to Business 

Forth coming Marriages. Weddings, etc for the 
Court and Social. Page 
Cannot be accepted hy Telephone 

Please send Court ami Social Page notices lo: 

Court & Social Advertising, 

Times Newspapers Lid.. 

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London FI ODD 

T lease allow ai least 4K hours before publication. Any enquiries 
for the Court & Social page may be made after 111.3ft a.m. on 

M K22 «W53. 

You may use your Access. Am ex. Diners or Visa card. 


48 1 







1 ORfi 





















Ryman in 
threat to 

Continued from page 1 
wg a comprehensive inquiry 
into ihe affairs of the Biyth 
Labour party. 

“The only reasonable in- 
ference to draw from the 
events in recent weeks at the 
head office of the Labour 
Party is that the Labour Party 
is not' sincere or serious in 
tackling the problem of Mili- 
tant Tendency infiltration and 
domination in the Biyth La- 
bour party. 

“We now have the extreme 
spectacle of Labour party 
officials.' by implication, 
appearing to condone irregu- 
larities and breaches of La- 
bour party rules," he said. 

Mr David Hughes, Labour's 
senior national officer, will 
interview witnesses this week 
about the allegations. Mr 
Ryman accused Labour head- 
quarters of carrying out 
cosmetic exercise, rather than 
a proper inquiry, “in order to 
try to dissuade me from 
calling a by-election". 

While Mr Ryman is yet to 
say whether he will definitely 
force a by-election, he said the 
accumulating weight of ev- 
idence, together with unfold- 
ing events, was making it 
more likely for him to reach 
that decision. 

“If I call a by-election I 
would stand as a candidate on 
a platform of infiltration of 
the Labour Party by Militant 
and similar organizations and 
the Labour Pauly's unwilling- 
ness or inability to lake eff- 
ective action against it," be 

If be goes ahead with his 
threat he will follow the 
example of Mr Robert Kilroy- 
Silk. who resigned as Labour 
MP for Knowsiey North, after 
a prolonged battle with his 
Militant-dominated constit- 
uency party. 

But Mr Kinnock knows that 
the effect of Mr Ryman's 
resignation would be far more 
serious and damaging. 

Not only has Mr Ryman 
made it clear that unlike Mr 
Kilroy-Silk. he would stand 
against the official Labour 
candidate, but the party's 
majority in the Northumber- 
land seat at the last general 
election was only 3,243, com- 
pared to more than 17.000 in 
Knowsiey North. Labour 
would almost certainly lose 
the seat 

Mr Ryman said he would 
like the organization sub- 
committee of Labour’s na- 
tional executive committee, 
chaired by Mr Ken Cure, to 
examine the evidence submit- 
ted to party' headquarters 
about alleged irnegularites and 
make a recommendation. 

letter from Manila 

Coffee table tales 
of top women 

^ - f. _I_ Tl 

Burnt oat cars lying in the Boulevard St Michel after Saturday’s riots, above, and a policeman arguing with a demonstrator in the Boulevard St Germaine 


Chirac appeals for 
halt to clashes 

Continued from page I 
pealed to students to “remain 
peaceful, for that is the basis of 
the credibility and force of our 

Like the Government, the 
students are convinced that 
outsiders have come in with 
the deliberate aim of breaking 
up their movement. Some ac- 
cuse the agitators of being 
right-wing extremists and M 
Charles Pasqua, the Interior 
Minister, said they are “leftists 
and anarchists of all colours 
and nationalities". 

President Mitterrand con- 
demned “whomsoever resorts 
to violence." and appealed for 
“national unity above afi 

He has said he intends to 

“reflect before deriding what 
should be done". 

. M Mitlerand blamed the 
violence on “young and not- 
so-young people, helmeted 
and armed, often from outside 
the student world”. 

Some 30,000 students took 
to the streets of Paris on 
Saturday ta a silent protest 
against alleged police brutality 
the previous night Every- 
thing was relatively calm until 
a few demonstrators started 
harassing the police, throwing 
stones, setting up barricades, 
smashing windows, setting 
alight overturned cars and 
looting shops. 

Ten demonstrators and 58 
police were injured in the 

MI6 chief in new spy book row 

Continued from page 1 
a joint KGB-MI6 operation to 
stop the Chinese from getting 
atomic secrets. He sent it to 
his . old friend, the late Sir 
Maurice Oldfield, head ofMI6 
from 1973 to 1978. Sir Mau- 
rice asked him not to publish 
it because he said it gave away 
inside information. It also had 
character in it called Sir Dick 
Black (a former head of MI6 is 
called Sir Dick White). 

It seems certain that the 
Government will take actioa 
Mr Bailey said yesterday: “I 
will be writing to Mr Cav- 

endish to remind him of his 
contractual obligations of 

confidentiality- I think all 
public servants owe a duty of 
confidentiality. I don’t think 
Mr Cavendish is under any 
illusions about that. " 

Mr Cavendish said that he 
had not sought any publicity. 
But on Saturday Mr Bailey 
telephoned The Sunday Times 
because there were rumours 
that the newspaper planned to 
serialize the book. 

A spokesman for the Prime 
Minister said that the matter 
was beii% considered. 

The book by Mr Cavendish 
is the third challenge to the 
Government by former mem- 
bers of the intelligence ser- 
vices. Apart from the Wright 
case, legal action was taken on 
behalf of the Attorney Gen- 
eral, Sir Michael Haven, in 
Ireland last week to try to 
prevent distribution of the 
autobiography by Mrs Joan 
Miller, personal assistant to 
the head of MIS during the 
Second World War. 

There are also thought to be 
other former M15 and MI6 
officers planning books. ‘ 

Baker’s school reform 

Continued from page 1 
ship that exists in the future 
between the Secretary of State, 
the local authorities, the 
school and the parents will be 
very different from what it is 

Asked what role there 
would be for local authorities, 
Mr Baker said he did not want 
to cut them out They would 
still have a “legal 
responsibility" for education 
in their areas. 

Although the Government's 
plans are likely to be popular 

with parents (“the 
consumers") and, thus, a vote 
winner, they will be opposed 
by many of those whom the 
Government characterizes as 
the “producers" of the system: 
the educational establishment 
and the local education 

The former stiD like to tbinlc 
of the curriculum as a secret 
garden into which the 
Government should not tres- 
pass, while the latter, and not 
only those that are Labour- 
controlled, will resent such a 
diminution of their controL 

The top of the best sellers 
in the Philippines three dm 
is The Unfold Siory of Imelda 
Marcos. . ., , 

The story of the beautiful 
but poor little provincial girl 
who had the right Romualdez 
namp but neither the money 
nor the polish that was 
supposed to go with it is 
especially poignant now that 
it can be balanced with a visit 
to the basement of the 
Malacanang Palace to look at 
the material possessions 
which were necessary to try to 
convince Imelda and her 
husband that they had really 

arrived. . . , 

It boggles the minds of 
hundreds of schoolchildren 
who troop through the palace 
to equate the pictures of the 
dim, diffident bride marrying 
the fastest rising politician in 
the Philippines with the his 
and hers bullet proof vests 
hang in g there in the base- 
ment. the three hundred pairs 
of sun glasses or the solid 
silver punch bow] in the 
shape of a Saudi camel. 

The public cannot get in to 
see Imelda's private disco 
upstairs but they can see her 
extraordinary dancing shoes 
with rechargeable strobe 
lights in the high heels. 

The Imelda book is just 
one of six in the top ten 
dealing with the Marcosian 
revolution. It is part of the 
flood of words written and 
spoken that fill the air in post- 
revolutionary M anila which 
once again has the freest, not 
to mention the most imagi- 
native, press ta Asia. 

Odours hot from 
die foreign press 

There are now 36 daily 
newspapers published ta the 
capital alone. Everyone is 
either reliving the past or 
examining the future. 

The foreign press are wel- 
comed for their role ta speed- 
ing Mr Marcos on his way but 
the relationship with the 
palace has taken on a slightly 
sour note. Madame President 
Corazon Aquino does not 
like the way they smefl. She is 
right, of course. After a day of 
rushing around in Manila's 
tropical temperatures the 
most fastidious scribe is apt 
to smell a bit ripe. 

So far no one has actually 
been barred from the palace 
but once the President gets an 
idea into her head she usually 
follows it through. 

Every morning there seems 
to be a kapihan, or gathering 
over coffee at one of Manila's 

elegant hotels. They start at 
seven or eight, attract at feast 
one senior government min 
ister. and are usually still 
going strong after ten o'clock 
discussing everything that 
has to do with rebuilding 
country from basics. 

This predeliction for end- 
less talk has some pfusses: the 
young colonels who have had 
approximately three attempts 
at overthrowing the Govern- 
ment could never keep their 
coup plans to themselves bm 
on the other hand the min- 
ister responsible for handling 
negotiations with the com- 
munist New Democratic 
Front (NDF) has talked so 
much about the communists 
that anyone would think they 
are going to have a role in the 
government of the country. 

President’s reply 
to macho men 

Even if there is no long- 
term ceasefire agreed upon 
the exercise will have been a 
marvellous propaganda, coup 
for the NDF. 

The three Marxist nego- 
tiators appear on television 
talk shows almost nightly. 
The two men, soft-spoken 
and well-dressed with just 
enough wear and tear from 
years either in the hills or in 
jail to show that they are the 
real thing and not a couple of 
actors dressed for the pari. 

Only the single lady repre- 
sentative occasionally shows 
her mettle ta an atmosphere 
so relaxed that the host can 
banter about the New 
People’s Army, the party's 
military wing, not pausingro 
give their latest politician- 
victim his chance of a day ta 
court before they gunned him 
down in broad daylight. 

The President gets her say 
every two weeks in a dialogue 
with journalists. It is her 
chance to get her own back on 
what she calls all the 
“garrulous" men with which 
sbe has to deal. 

Many men have more to 
say about her strengths than 
her weaknesses but ta the 
macho Philippines most 
apparently do not take her 

“They out-talk me at every 
opportunity. But after all is 
said and done, or I should say 
undone, I like to think that I 
have managed to have the 
final word," Mrs Aquino 

David Watts 

Today’s events 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh dine with ihe Ameri- 
can Ambassador and Mis Price 
at Winfield House, 8. IS. 

The Prince of Wales, President 
of Business in the Community, 
attends a dinner to mark the 
fifth anniversary of Business in 
the Community at Gosforth 
Park Hotel. Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne, 8.15. 

New exhibitions 
On a Small Scale; Open Eye 
Gallery, 75 Cumberland St. 
Edinburgh; Mon-Fri IQ-6, Sat 
10-4 (ends Dec 24 at noon). 

Paintings by Falmouth schoo- 
lchildren; Falmouth Art Gallery, 
The Moor. Mon-Fri 10-1 and 2- 
4.30 (ends Jan 2). 

Exhibitions in progress 
Modem Swedish Craft; Mac- 
Robert Arts Centre, University 
of Stilling; (ends Jan 10). 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,223 


1 E Anglian lakes order a cut- 
ter (10). 

6 Drop it by order (4). 

9 He tries to rive old priests 
free treats (10). 

10 Archduke, for one, brings 
forward end of disturbance 

(4) . 

12 Habit not normally in ev- 
idence, supporting duds? 

15 Sludem member in a tipsy 
stale after pass (9). 

17 Excursion for everyone 
within the bounds of Surrey 

(5) . 

18 Reputation of circle display- 
ing 19(5). 

19 Severity new in a novelist's 
son (9). 

20 One generally introduced to 
gel rid of ill feeling? ( 1 2). 

24 Bird one's following in the 
same passage (4). 

25 He provides for strikers and 
seeks to form a union (10). 

26 Producer of lava and, in 
France, sodium (4). 

27 Underground dwarfs heard 
marking time? (10). 


1 Rustic's family deserts him 
— what a blow! (4). 

2 An operatic hero lost his 
head in this bacchanal (4). 

3 In staged riie. characters 
lose cohesion { 12). 

4 Comparatively bad areas — 
Dyfed or Kent, perhaps? (5). 

5 Reserve one in Reformed 
Church centre (9). 

7 Court in which mother is 
promised a view, say? (10). 

8 Revolutionary movement 
until highest attainment 
level is Continental . 


11 . . . like this person, do we 
assume, relatively speaking? 
( 6 - 6 ). 

13 Many a short contest held 
by Miss Liddell’s partner 
( 10 ). 

14 Assignment left in a particu- 
lar spot (10). 

16 Never satisfied, Titania's 
changed direction (9). 

21 Happen to recognize officer 
with dog (5). 

22 Read quickly through sec- 
ond Kipling novel (4). 

23 King Edward thus erected 
his statue in London (4). 

The solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,222 
will appear 
next Saturday 

Concise Crossword page 10 

Conceptual Clothing; Ikon 
Gallery. 58-72 John Bright St, 
Birmingham: Tues-Sat 10-6, 
closed Sun and Mon, Dec 24-29 
and Jan I (ends Jan 24). 


Christmas Conceit by Exeter 
University Singers; Devonshire 
House Refectory; 8.00. 

University Carol Concert by 
Salvation Army Band; Great 
Hall, Exeter University; 7 JO. 

English String Orchestra and 
Worcester Cathedral Choir; 
Kidderminster Town Hall; 7 JO. 


Magnetic Resonance (NMR) 
Imaging in Diagnostic Medi- 
cine: Is It Teatiroe? by Prof J R 
Mallard; Wolfson Theatre, 22 
George St, Edinbargh; 5. 

Debate on The Future of 
Nuclear Power in the United 
Kingdom; Curtis Auditorium, 
University of Newcastle upon 
Tyne; 6. 

Government, Industry and 
Higher Education, James Prior 
MP) Fielding Johnson Building, 
University of Leicester; 6.30. 

Sexual Selection of Fruitflies; 
Scarborough Lecture Theatre, 
Zoology Dept, Science Labs, 
South Rd, Durham; 5.15. 


’California Stretch' and 
'Dance In*; Washington Welfare 
Centre. New College, Durham;' 
10 and all day respectively. 

World Wildlife Fund 25th 
Anniversary Film Show and 
Open Day; Regent Centre, High 
SLQufetchsrch, Dorset; 2 and 

Review of Year's Events by 
The Turner Society; Book 
Trough, Central Library, St 
Peter’s Square, Manchester, 

German porcelain figures, by 
Jane Gardiner, The Wellington 
Museum, Apsley House, Hyde 

Nature Notes 

On grass land near the coast 
there are now many flocks of 
golden plovers. They feed 
mainly on worms, often in the 
company of lapwings; black- 
beaded gulls also come to the 
fields, and steal the worms from 

Among the snipe feeding in 
marshes and water-meadows 
there are a few small jack-snipe 
from Northern Scandinavia: 
they sit tighter than the -snipe, . 
and when flushed quickly drop 
into cover again. 

Duck arriving from Scandina- 
via include many goldeneyes. 
The drakes have black beads, 
with a sheen of purple and 
green; their eyes are bright 
yellow, and beneath the eye 
there is a patch of white feathera. 

They congregate on large 
reservoirs, or in estuaries, where 
they like the outflow from 
sewers or food factories. 

Witches’ brooms or besoms 
are conspicuous on tare trees: 
these are thick bunches of twigs 
like a squirrel’s drey, which 
appear when various types of 
fungus stimulate excessive gr- 

A common lichen is “pixie 
cups” -tiny grey-green funnels 
that grow in clusters on walls 
and on the ground. On com- 
mons, some ghost bushes are 
still covered with yellow flow- 
ers; scarlet pimpernel shines 
here and there among the un- 
plougbed stubble. Spiders sleep 
in their old webs. 


London and the sooth-eastAJ: 
Eastbound carriageway at Batt- 
ersea Rise reduced to two lanes. 
A306: South of Hammersmith 
Bridge southbound carriageway 
reduced. A3 15: One lane in each 
direction near Chiswick flyover. 
A3C2: Reduced to two lanes 
near Elephant and Castle. AJ3: 
Lane closures in East Ham. 
ALSO: Resurfacing on Baddow 
bypass. A325: Single line only in 
Fnmley, delays for six weeks. 
Motorways, page 5 

The pound 


AnatrafcS 2X 

AuefriaSch 2095 

FT 62.30 

S 2.038 

Kr 11.21 

FMandHkk 7.45 

Franca Fr 9.69 

Germany Dm- 2975 

GroeeeOr 234 

Hong Kong S 1130 

Intend Pt 1X95 

(My Lin 2085 

Japan Yen 244 

Netherlands GJd 335 

Norway Kr 11.25 

Portugal Esc 231 

South Africa Bd 185 

Spain Pte 138.75 

Sweden Kr 1937 

Switzerland Fr 2-55 

USAS 1.495 

Yugoslavia Dnr 820 

Rates tor sma* denomination bank notes 
ortfy as supplied by Barclays Bank PLC- 

Retai Price index: 388.4 

The FT Index closed up 23 at 
12665 on Friday. 

New York: The Dow Jones industrial 
awag e closed down 14J2 at T92SUWoa 


























^Depression will move NE across central Britain. Bain at 
first in most regions, some heavy rain likely especially in 
N and W. Snow over Scottish monn tains. Brighter showery weather will reach 
Wales and SW England during the morning and spread NE to reach most regions 
later. Showers may be heavy, especially in W and N. Very windy and mild in most 
parts at first, becoming colder. Outlook for tomorrow and Wednesday. Unsettled 
with showers or longer spells of rain, cold enough for snow on high ground. 







London Bridge 

























43 1132 









4.7 1132 



















6.1 1139 



1 1 -06 

73 1137 

















KBford Haven 











6.1 1036 




34 11/43 




43 1050 























8.0 1137 






4 J 






Tide measured hi met r e s; 1m=3 2808ft 


i - 

i r 

i ; 


7.53 am . 352 pm 

morrow, first quarter 8 . 01 , 

1214 b 

Ifrrato! 422 pm to 724 am 
Bristol 4.32 pm to 7.33 am to 601 am 
w 4-20. pm to 7.42 am 
4^0 pm to 7.39 am 

Bond winners 


Park Corner, 


English porcelain figures, by 
Jane Gardiner. The Wellington 
Museum, Apsley House, Hyde 
Park Comer, Wl V, 2J0. 


Births: Mar; Queen of Scots, 
Linlithgow, 1542; Bjontson, 
novelist and playwright, Kvi- 
kne, Norway. 1832; Aristide 
MailloL. painter, Banyuls-sur 
mer, 1861; Jean Sibelius, 
Hameeulinn. Finland, 1865; 
Padnuc Cofana, poet, Longford, 
Co Longford, 1881. 

Deaths: Thomas de Quince;, 
Edinburgh, 1859; Herbert Spen- 
cer, philosopher, Brighton. 
1903; Gertrude Jelcyll, land- 
scape architect. London, 1932. 

Today is the Feast of the 
Immaculate Conception of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary; it was 
proclaimed as an article of faith 
by Pope Pius IX in 1854. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Teachers' 
Pay and Conditions Bill, second 

Lords (2.30): Consumer Prot- 
ection Bill, second reading. 

Times Portfo li o GoM rates are as 

1 Times Portfolio to five. Purchase 
of The Times Is not a condition of 
taking part. 

2 Times Portfolio fet compr ise* a 
group of public co mpani es whose 
shares are listed on foe Stock 

_ from day to day. The list 
rwhjch is numbered 1 - 44) b divided 
into lour randomly distributed groups 
of 11 Shares. Every Portfolio card 
contains two numbers rrom each 

Group and each card contains a 

unique set of numbers. 

‘dividend’ wo be 

pence wtuoi r e pr e s en ts 



the largest incr eas e or 

combination of eignl llwo from 

randomly dtart b urad arowp within the 
** shares) of the on share which on 
any one day c omp ris e The Times 
Portfolio list. 

a The daily dividend wtu he 
announced each day and foe weekly 
dividend will be announced each 
Saturday in The Times. 

_ 6 Times Portfolio del and details of 
the daUy or weekly dividend will also 
be available for inspection at Die 
offices of The Times. 

6 If the overall price movement of 
more than one combination of shares 

holding those i 
_ ? All claims are subject to scrutiny 
before payment. Any Times Portfolio 
card thal is defaced, tampered with or 
Incorrectly printed In any way will be 
declared void. 

8 Employees of slews International 

r lc and ns subsidiaries and Of 
uropnnl croup LsniM i producers 
and dBtrtbuiors of the cardi or 
members ot their immediate families 
arr not allowed to play Times 

9 All participants will be suMecr to 
these Rules. All inmroction* on "now 
to play" and "hew to claim" whether 
hed in The Tunes or tn Times 

ho cares will be dee m ed id be 
pan Of these Rules. The Eduor 

romr> me nynt to amend the Rules. 

10 In any dispute. The Editor's 
decision is final and no corres- 
pondence will be entered uiio. 

it If for any reason The Times 
Prices Page Is not published In foe 
normal way Times Portfolio win be 
suspended for that day. 

How M Play - Dafry OMdsnd 
On each day your uraooe set of eWit 
numbers will represent co mm ercial 
■md industrial shares published In The 

Timm Portfolio im which wtu appear 

on the Stock Exchange Prices page. 

In the columns provided next to 
your shares note ihe price change t+ 
or - 1 . in pence, as published in that 
day’s Times. 

After .listing the price changes of 
your eighl shares for thal day. add up 
all etghl share changes to gfve you 
your overall total plus or minus t+ or - 

Chech vour overall total against The 
Toms Portfolio dividend published on 
the Stock Exchange Prices page. 

if your overall iota! matches The 
Times Portfoho dividend you have 
won outrighl or a share of the total 
prize money staled for that day and 
must claim your prize as Instructed 

How u play - Weekly Dividend 

Mon da ^- saturday record your daily 

Add these together to determine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

If .your total matches the pubhshed 
weekly dividend ffqure you have won 

TsIeptMiH The Tunas Portfolio chtan 
bna CTSa-*3771 h a ft esa n l&OOn and 

3J8pm, on tba day my ov 

mairtm Tha Tumi Pw tfol la Dhrtdwtd. 
Ko slams can ba acmpfod asMtfe (Mae 

If vnu are unable H> telephone 
someone eh* can claim on VOur behalf 
bui Hm m.isi tw> e ydur card and can 
The Tun—. PnrtrotKj claims line 
between (he sbpulaied tunes. 

No rmponsibinry can be accepted 
for. laliure ir> ■ imilm-i ate daunt office 
for any fiMaon within the slated 

The add'* i risi ructions are ap- 
pfo.aO»* IQ noth dally and weekly 
dn mend ctaims 


Sun Rain 
hrs in 

- .06 

05 JOT 

Winning numbers in the 
weekly draw for Premium Bond 
prizes are: £100,000: 16TW 
214540 (the winner lives in 
Surrey); £50.000: 11SL 205028 
(Merseyside); £23,000: 16 PW 
118898 (Ayrehire). 



"4t» ;• 



Bri gh ton 

ufi,, n-’,, 






1 3 

C F 

13 55 brtgW 
13 55 ctoudy 

13 55 Slower 

11 52 cloudy 
13 55 lU 

12 54 
12 54 

TOWtaww at. midday yesterday; c, 
cloud; f, tain r. ran; s, sun. 





C F 
f 846 
d 643 
c 745 
c 1050 
c 1050 
c 948 
r 848 

C F 
c 1152 
r 948 
c 1254 
d 745 
lynchoter c 745 
Newcasde c 541 
n Y id awa y r 848 

g°«n»c y 

nwen iasa 


Our address 

Information for inclusion In Tlw 
Timm Information serv ice should be 
Milt to: -nw , Editor, ms. The Times. 
F9 So*-7. 1 Virginia Street London. 

El 9XN. 











11 52 rain 
13 55 cloudy 
13 55 rain 
13 55 rain 
.13 13 55 rain 
JJ6 13 55 rain 
30 13 55 rata 
.18 14 57 ran 
.19 13 55 rata 





•<-. .. 





i V, ■ ■ . ^ 

‘■utr - 



Torquay ■ 

Fatamtdh • 



















L are** 


- .43 

- 35 

- 30 

0-8 - 

- .19 

13 55 rata 

14 57 rata 
13 55 ran 
13 55 rata 

,30 10 50 rata 
D9 14 67 rata 
3& 11 52 rata 
32 .13 55 shower 
.07 10 50 rata 
.17 9 48 rata 

TO 7 45 br&tt 

38 13 55 rata 
30 14 57 ram 
10 50 ha* 

13 55 ran 
12 54 ran 

14 57 rain 
12 54 rata 

03 .05 

- 31 

- 31 

04 .97 

- .01 

05 .62 
1.7 .79 

- .61 
27. 28 

5* rata 
55 ram 
52 rata 
43 shower 
45 shower 






6 43 shwrs 
8 46 hai 

7 45 ha* 

4 39 ram 

8 «6 shower 



* 19 66 C*phaon 
f 20 68 CeSt 1 
a 16 61 DuUta 
5 .9 g?°«*rvnfc 

s 15 61 Rap 

r ?§ S 

I 12 54 Funchal 
; - - Geneva 
I -2 28 Qfcraftar 
0 32 • " 

C F 
I 16 61 
’ 17 63 

s 16 61 S 

c 17 63 S Frisco* 

* 23 73 

c 5 41 Sng’pnr 
8 -1 30 saAmn 
S -3 27 Strasb’ry 

Thase are Friday's fl^ires. 


P»86. prl 

Pointed ay London Past iPrtm- 
Limited of i Virginia Street. 
London El 9XN ana by News 
Scotland Ltd.. 124 Perlman StrecL 
Pam. Glasgow oal i£j. 
December 6. 1960- Reg- 

1 a newspaper at fog Post 


WDDAY: * ctowt a dmzie: 1. (eta fg. tog; iOm* r .ratafe >M; snow; m. thunder. 
C F C F 

5 55 C 6 43 

I 7 45 . 

s 17 63 Mata 
c « tefro 

c 17 63 Mtaipj- 
d 9 48 Mtan 
d 6 43 M ont ra ar 
s 20 68 Moscow 



* 5 41 N Yoife* 

*» 12 MNIce 
S 29 84 Oslo 
f 28 82 Pari* 
s 19 68 Peking 

SH® 1 

I 3 37 

d if M 




B Abes' 






r 11 S3 Mono k 

* 17 63 bMsbrdk 
r 5 41 Istanbul 
9 16 61 Jeddah 

* 8 43 Johurg- 
c -2 28 Karachi 

f 25 77 LPahaas 

s 20 68 Lisbon 
s 2B 79 Locarno 
f 21 70 * lnrfllm 
C 3 37 Ltatata' 
C 17 63 MaeSfl 

* 12 54 Tsl 

* 18 66 Ter 
» S 41 Tokyo 
C 12 54 Taranto' 
c -1 30 Tunis 
c 8 48 Vataacta 
« 6 43 VbkW 
s 25 77 Venice 
« 8 46 Vienna . 
c 2 38 Warsaw _ 

1 IS 66 Washita* & 8 43 
a 15 59 Wefngtn* c 14 57 
= 27 81 Zorich s 5 « 

C F 
S 13 55 
s 8 46 
e 29 84 
s 13 55 
s 13 55 
S 3 37 
1 St 88 
1 -5 23 
a 7 45 
r 28 79 
1 19 6ff 
s 21 70 
a 23 73 

S 17 63 . 

c 1 £ 
s IS 59 
f 13 55 
f 1 34 
C S 41 
I -2 28 
c 236 



- £. 


:e table 

ie beauiifu! 

.ivincia! cr! 

th- sionc-. 
that vkas 
with it ij 
ni now that 
Dt Crf the 

•*e to look 5: 
50 s session: 
ary loin to 
and her 
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iC 1 ^ -,i. ' ' *fl. 


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^ 3 , 


minds 0 
h iht paiac 
lures of 

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X‘Iil!C!£P ’.r. s • ' . :v 3 .V 1 % • 

I.!fc Jh* __ Jl 'WhJ' 

i '.'j the his. 
proof vests 
1 the biSr.- 
ir.crcd pairs 
•r the so! sc 

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oc*k is 
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pars of the 
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.wV"* 1 







Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

(Change on wepit) 

FT 30 Share 

1268.5 (-23.7) 

FT-SE 100 

1613.5 (-23.2) 



USM (Datastream) 
128.38 (-0.67) 

(Change on week) 

US Dollar 

1.4290 (-0.0065) 

W German mark 

2.8523 (+0.0215) 


68.1 (same) 

for oil 
Opec told 

From David Young 

Opec Ministers wQl hear 
today that demand for oil has 
grown by 15 per cent this year 
and will rise by a further 15 
per cent in 1987. They are 
meeting here this week to find 
wans of poshing the world oil 
price back op to abont $18 a 

Latest figures from the 
International Energy Agency 
in Paris show that in the first 
wine months of this year, when 
prices slumped from S30 a 
barrel to $15, demand rose. In 
the industrialized nations pet- 
rol consumption went np by 
35 per cent Home beating oil 
demand rose and electricity 
authorities, returning to heavy 
fuel oil from coal, sent demand 
op 31 percent 

The figures also show that 
Western oil companies have 
been adding to their stocks by 
about 2 million barrets a day 
and that there is enongh in 
company tanks to meet 74 
days of demand with a further 
22 days available from govern- 
ment stocks. 

It now seems that all 13 
Opec member states agree 
that a new qnota system of 
abont 1 million barrels a day 
less than Its present 17 million 
barrels maximum will be nec- 
essary to enable the cartel to 
introduce fixed-price contracts 
once again at a level of $18. In 
fact, Opec has been producing 
on)yl65 million barrels a day 
in recent weeks, according to 
tbe IE A, largely because of 
pipeline closures in Saudi 
Arabia which are affecting 

However, several delegates 
have already said that negotia- 
tions on tbe exact distribution 
of tbe overall production cell- 
ing will take some time to 
complete with lengthy negotia- 
tions also needed to establish 
the differential price between 
the high quality Arab light 
crude oils and the heavy oO 
production from some other 
member countries. 

• Because of a near-50 per 
cent drop in oil income this 
year, Venezuela has devalued 
the bolivar by 48 per cent to 
1450 to the dollar. 

Small investors breathe again as shares are set to reach 70p 

20p premium 
on gas likely 

ng the ! 
tors in the allocation of British 
Gas shares has ted some City 
experts to think they will go to 
a premium of 20p or even 
more when official dealings 
start on the Stock Exchange at 
2.30 this afternoon. 

If that happens, chairman 
Sir Denis Rooke’s sharehold- 
ers will be sitting on a profit of 
£20 for every 100 sbares 
allocated, a rare of 40 per cent 
on the initial 50p per share 
payment, before expenses. 

Fears last week that inves- 
tors might not see any instant 
profit, as shares on the un- 
official grey market dipped 
down to the SOp partly paid 
offer price, are now being 

By close of business on 
Friday they had recovered to a 
middle price of about 60p, 
and dealers are now increas- 
ingly confident that the shares 
will gain further ground today. 

By Oht City Staff 

“It is looking quite bullish,” 
said one market-maker. “I 
have spoken to numerous 
institutional clients and they 
have all said that they are 
prepared to pay up to 70p a 
share. If they have to, they will 
probably be prepared to go a 
little higher than that” 

NM Rothschild, the mer- 
chant bank advising the 
Government on the issue, 
decided against involving 
market-makers in the sub- 
underwriting. thus denying 
them a guaranteed allocation 
of shares. They will be forced 
to buy British Gas shares in 
the market before they are in a 
position to trade in the stock. 

“I think the grey market 
overlooked this point,” one 
leading stockbroker said. 
‘This alone will certainly add 
between Sp and 1 Op to the 
price. Rothschild said it would 
not make allocations to short- 
term holders and, while it 

do much about 
it was able to 

Basis of Allocation (for vaBd applications) 

Number of 

Number of Shares ABocsted 


Gen Pubic 

Customer Share Scheme 

Applied Few 


Applicant (Green Form) 













500 - 700 















3,000 - 5.000 







150,000 or over 

10 % of application 

10% of application 
plus 300 shares 
7% or application 
plus 300 shares 

7% of application 

could not 


Acceptance tetters will not 
be posted until a week today 
and so only institutional 
shareholders, or individual 
investors well known to City 
broking firms or their local 
bank manager, win be in a 
position to deal immediately. 

A large number of smaller, 
private investors are, in any 
case, expected to hold on to 
their shares so that they 
qualify for the vouchers to 
offset against their gas bills. 

Private investors have been 
favoured in tbe allocation of 
the 4 billion shares on offer. 
Two-fifths of the shares ini- 
tially allocated to the institu- 
tions and overseas investors 
will now go into the public 
allocation, so that the public 
will receive 2.35 billion. 

Including applications by 
employees and pensioners of 
British Gas, the public applied 
for 6.6 billion shares. 

Small investors applying for 
up to 400 shares (500 if 
registered customers) have 
been allocated in fulL But 
institutions applying via the 
public issue may receive as 
little as 7 per cent of the 
amount they asked for. Pre- 
ferential applications from 
employees and pensioners for 
up to 5,000 shares have been 
allocated in full, but there will 
only be modest extra amounts 
for those who applied for 

Sir Denis Rooke: side of Sid? 

Statement from 
Saunders likely 

By Onr City Staff 

The chairman of Guinness, ber 30 from £86. 1 million last 

Mr Ernest Saunders, ifi ex- 
pected to make a statement on 
the controversy surrounding 
the company when its year- 
end results are unveiled on 

Further facts which may 
relate to the Department of 
Trade and Industry inquiry 
into Guinness emerged at the 
weekend. So far Mr Saunders 
has insisted that he, and the 

rest of Guinness, do not know 
what the DTI is investigating. 
But he is coming under increa- 
sing pressure to reveal more 
details of dealings in Guinness 
shares at the time of the 
Distillers takeover in ApriL 
Analysts expect Guinness to 
announce a strong increase in 
pretax profits to about £235 
million for the year to Septem- 


A statement by Mr Saun- 
ders is likely to indude 
confirmation that Lazard 
Brothers is to be brought in to 
join Morgan Grenfell as a 
merchant banking adviser to 
Guinness. The company has 
also called on the help of Sir 
Gordon Reece, the public 
relations expert. 

Most attention is, however, 
being focused on Scbenley, 
pan of the Rapid American 
Corporation owned by Mr 
Mdusham Riklis, which dist- 
ributes Dewars in the US. 
Schentey emerged from the 
Distillers takeover battle with 
a 4 per cent holding in 
Guinness and is thought to 
have contributed to the rise in 
Guinness's shares during tbe 

Mr Roger Seelig, a director 
of Morgan Grenfell, said that 
the bank bad no knowledge of 
any contact between Guinness 
and Scbenley during the bid. 

He added that the bank 
knew of no contact between 
Guinness and Mr Ivan 
Boesky, the disgraced New 
York arbitrageur. 

Sainsbury goes shopping 
for £100m short-term cash 

By Richard Thomson. Banking Correspondent 

J Sainsbury, the super- 
market group, has arranged 
£100 million in short-term 
financing through the sterling 
commercial market 

established earlier this year. 

SG Warburg, the merchant 
bank, and the Swiss Bank 
Corporation International are 
arranging the commercial pa- 
per programme. 

Sainsbury will start issuing 
paper in about six months 

time to cover short-term fund- 
ing requirements. 

Mr Ewan Davidson, the 
treasurer, said: “We see the 
sterling commercial paper 
market as a good additional 
source of short-term borrow- 
ing for a company such as ours 
which has seasonal fluctua- 
tions in its cash require- 

The group hopes to raise 

board meetings 

TODAY — Interims: Beaver- 
CO, British BcnzoK Compsoft 
Holdings, F 4 _ c 
Gilbert House Investments, 
Hamilton Oil Corporation, 
Jack L Israel Group, Osborne 

i a UlU=RWToo«V,^ 

Group. Finals: Matthew 
Brown. Dobson Park, Green- 
all Whitley ; Harder- 



Norcros, AIM 

s fe- 

ToJ^e^Suriues, Vaux 


Investment Trust, Havelock 
Euro pa. Priest Marians Hold- 
ings, Tex Holdings, Thorn 
EMI- Finals: Albion, Asso- 
ciated Paper Industries, 
gaggeridge Brick, Ciystalate 
Holdings, Guinness, Irish 
Distillers, Micro Scope, 
Morceau Holdings. 
THURSDAY - I nte r ims: 
British Building and Engineer- 
ing Appliances, BT, H P 
Bulmer Holdings, Dee Corpo- 
ration, Gee/Rosen Organ- 
isation, Nottingham Bock, 
Philips NV, Pilkmgton Broth- 
ers, Syltone, Wagon In- 
dustries. Finals: Avon 
Rubber, Carr’s Milting In- 
dustries, City Site Estates, 
Eldridge Pope, Flexdlo Cas- 
tors & Wheels, Pencom. West- 
land, Whessoe, John Williams 
of Cardiff. 

FRIDAY - Interims: Bristol 
Evening Post, Fuller, Greene 
King &. Sons, Hidring Pente- 
cost, Investment Company. 
Lovell <G n FINALS: 
Dubitier, Electronic Data, 
Hardys and Hansons, Reliant 
Motor, Wood (S WIGronp. 

money at good terms in the 
market due to its strong credit 
rating. Although the commer- 
cial paper programme will not 
be separately graded, Sains- 
bury achieved an AA rating 
from Standard and Poore for 
its £100 million bond issue 
last year. 

Commercial paper pro- 
grammes allow the issuer to 
.raise money of less than one 
year's maturity at short notice 
up to the total amount stipu- 
lated in the programme. It is 
particularly helpful to com- 
panies feeing sharp fluctua- 
tions in short-term funding 
requirements during the year. 

on Airbus 

By Colin Narbrough 

Mr Geoffrey Pattie, the 
Minister for In fo r mati on 
Technology, is unlikely tn 
give the British Aerospace 
chairman. Sir Austin 
Pearce, ranch guidance to- 
day on whether the 
Government is willing to 
meet the company's request 
for £750 million to keep h 
in the European aircraft 
consortium. Airbus 

Government sources said 
a formal request for funds 
was submitted by British 
Aerospace on October 20 
and the Department of 
Trade and Industry stud it 
was still being assessed. 
The officials could not say 
when the Government 
would make its final pos- 
ition dear. 

The tanndi aid, spread 
over six years, would be 
Britain's contribution to- 
wards a new generation of 
airliners,' the Airbus A330 
and A34Q. 

Sir Austin's scheduled 
. discussions today with Mr 
Pattie are part of BAe's 
increased campaign to per- 
snade the Government to 
give more aid for Airbus. 

Tbe Government loaned 
the company £250 million 
towards the A320 and is 
looking Ah' repayment by 
the mid-1990s. BAe has a 
20 per cent interest in 

Mr Pattie is likely to 
remind BAe that the 
Government wants a real 
rate of return on any loans 
ft makes to BAe and is net ‘ 
in tfae jtasiness of snbsi- 

ifmug nutintf ry 

The Government was 
sceptical abont BAe’s lat- 
est call for more funds due 
to doubts abont the world 
airliner market’s capacity 
to absorb aew Airbuses and 
rival aircraft from the US 
planemakers, McDoanel 
Doughs. British Caledo- 
nian last week opted for 
McDoonel’s MD-U. 

Optimistic new 
forecasts for UK 

By Rodney Lord, Economics Editor 

independent fore- elected with Alliance support 
Without the need for Alliance 


casts for the British economy 
next year present an optimis- 
tic picture. 

Midland Bank confirms tbe 
Government’s prediction of 3 
per cent growth next year, 
boosted by the frill in oil prices 
and a more competitive 
pound. Inflation is expected to 
average 3.9 per cent 

Professor Michael Artis and 
Professor Marcus Miller, writ- 
ing in the bank’s Review, say 
Britain should join the Euro- 
pean Monetary System as a 
lull member but suggest the 
pound should be allowed to 
fluctuate within wider bands 
than the usual 2V4 per cent 
either side of the central rate. 

The Liverpool University 
Research Group also forecasts 
3 per cent growth. It expects 
inflation to be confined to 
about 35 per cent if a Conser- 
vative government is re- 

support, inflation would be 

The City University Busi- 
ness School forecasters expect 
growth of about 3.9 per cent 
and inflation rising to 4.7 per 
cent. They do not think there 
will be scope for tax cuts in the 
Budget, but the Chancellor 
should be able to cut the basic 
rate of income tax to 25p in 
the pound by 1990. . 

Lloyds Bank thinks there 
will be scope for £1 billion of 
tax cuts, but says that without 
the increase in public spend- 
ing tbe basic rate could have 
been reduced to 25p. As it is, it 
would be posable to introduce 
a 2Sp reduced-rate band to 
help those on lower incomes. 

The bank believes growth 
will peak next year at 3 per 
cent and inflation at 5 per 

interim soars 

Lancashire-based glass multi- 
national, will announce 
sharply increased half-year 
profits today as the first step in 
its campaign to rebuff an 
initial £1.16 billion takeover 
bid by Sir Owen Green's BTR. 

City analysts are expecting 
profits of £75 milli on or more 
pretax for the six months to 
September, compared with 
£39 million last year. This 
reflects both the early stages of 
the improvement in the glass 
market and the foci that for 
the first time Mr Antony 
PilkiJigton, the company’s 
chairman, will announce its 
results on the conventional 
historic cost basis. 

Tbe next stage is the first 
Pilkington defence document, 
which is expected on Wednes- 
day. In it, Pifldngion will 
argue that the bid has no 
commercial logic and ques- 
tion what BTR could do, short 
of breaking up the business, to 
improve performance. 

Schroders, the merchant 
bank adviser to Pilkington, 
thinks Pilkington is unlike any 
of BTR's previous successful 
acquisitions and not suscep- 
tible to the same treatment, or 
to cutting back on investment 
or development 

BTR claimed in its offer 
document that Ptikington's 
return on sales was only 53. 
per cent compared with its 
own 10.8 per cent But 
Pilkington is likely to chal- 
lenge the accounting basis for 
this comparison, churning 
that allowing for historic 
depreciation charges and 
proper treatment of research, 
its return on sales is com- 
parable to BTR's. 

The defence document will 
not contain a forecast for the 
year to March because the 
current bid, now well below 
Pilltington's share price, is 
seen as only a softening up 
exercise. City analysts, how- 

By Graham Seaijeant 

Brothers, the ever, think profits for the full 
year should be at least £175 

million, against £106 million 
on the old basis Iasi time. 

Even this will take in only 
four months of the laicsi 10 

per cent rise in domestic glass 
prices announced in Novem- 
ber. Glass prices have now 
risen by about a fifth in 12 
months. Some analysts are 
already forecasting that profits 
will top £220 million in 1987- 

Much argument in future is 
likely to centre on the loan 
gearing of BTR if ever its 
present bid for Pilkington 
were successful In a pro- 
forma statement in its share- 
listing particulars, BTR 
estimates combined net assets 
at £1.2 billion and overdrafts 
and long term loans of £1.7 

But Pilkington will point 
out that this includes its assets 
at replacement value, which 
will not be applicable in 

Together with debt acquired 
with Pilltington's .American 
acquisition. Libbey-Owens- 
Ford. this could reduce net - 
assets below £1 billion and 
increase indebtedness to £1.8. 
billion. This would leave BTR 
heavily geared unless it sold 
large pans of Pilkington. 

Antony Pilkington: “Bid has 
no logic" 

£5m USM launch puts 
new shine on Maybora 

By Our City Correspondent 

Maybont, the private com- 
pany marketing dyes and baby 
products, will be launched on 
the unlisted securities market 
in the next few days to raise £5 


The company includes Dy- 
lon, market leader in domestic 
dye packaging in Britain and 
most Enropeaa and Austral- 
asian countries. It also pro- 
duces shoe-care items and 
household cleaners. Abont 50 
per cent of the company's sales 
comprise exports 

Mayborn also includes two 
baby product companies — 
JackeJ In Britain and Stahl- 
wood in the US. Mr Samnel, 
managing director, said tbe 
various parts of the company 

were similar in marketing 
high-volume, low-value goods, 
which were simple to produce. 
A company in the Far East has 
recently been added to the 
group's activities. 

Mayborn, founded in 1946, 
has seen a steady profil growth 
over the last few years from 
£543.000 in 1981 to £1.48 
million last year. In the six 
months to June 30. pretax 
profits amounted to £1 14 
million with much the same 
performance expected for the 
second half. 

“There has been a general 
increase in sales over the last 
half year without a great 
increase in overheads," Mr 
Samnel said. 

EEC to press 
Japan on 
import curbs 

By Our Gty Staff 

The European CoundL 
made up of the 12 heads of 
state of the European Com- 
munity, said yesterday that 
the relaxation of barriers on 
liquor imports to Japan was a 
test case for a more liberal 
policy on imports by Tokyo. 

A delegation, led by Mr 
Tadasbo Kuranari, the foreign 
minister, is visiting Brussels 
this week for annual consulta- 
tions with tbe EEC Commis- 
sion on Trade Relations. Tbe 
commission is expected to put 
strong pressure on the Japa- 
nese to open domestic mar- 
kets to more imports. 

The Community has been 
pressing the Japanese for more 
than a year to relax restric- 
tions on imports of alcoholic 
drinks, such as whisky, lead- 
ing to an investigation by the 
General Agreement on Tariffs 
and Trade into the 

M & S warning to staff 

’ 1 

Crackdown on thieves 

By Onr City Staff 

Marks and Spencer, the 
retell chain famed fear its 
enlightened staff policies, has 
given its 56,000-strong 
workforce a warning not to 
steal, as part of fts campaign to 
reduce the estimated £50 mD- 
fion lost every year because of 

Mr John Poppleton, bead of 
publicity, said yesterday that a 
document entitled “Down the 
Drain’*, nude dear to employ- 
ees that the company could no 
looger afford to take staff theft 

Not that the bulk of the theft 
losses ctedd be attributed to 
staff, but the company felt that 
its earlier calls for worker 

honesty had not achieved the 
desired effect 

“We are sadly having to 
step up vigfleiice, bnt this is a 
sign of the times generally, ” 
he said. 

Up to 90 per cent of theft 


cases involved members of the 
public and not staff, Mr 
Poppleton said. Staff prosecu- 
tions had risen sharply this 
year, he admitted, hot be was 
unable to provide a total or 
figures for dismissals for 

Apprehensions to MAS 

stores have doubled in the past 
year to abont 18.000, bat Mr 
Poppk sm could not supply a 
breakdown of the data. 

However, the company does 
not see itself as a targeted 
victim for theft, from either 
staff or outsiders. The need for 
its warning reflects a general 
increase in high street theft 
and other offences against 
shop Vr 

M & S, which last year 
made a £365 nnflion profit, 
has tried to give its employees 
guidance in the past about the 
dangers of slipping into crime. 
This tom been done mainly 
through instructional videos 
prepared by its personnel 



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week airevs In your ant mm. 

• A cheque bonk tiplinn (orsri riling mapn lulk 

• Withdrawals on demand with im lussoi 



(Special Issue) 


13-17 1 


• Fa In inlet cM ninvnily HJG'T.ahme Chelsea) 
( Irdinnry Shares rate. 

• Furspniai in vestments ( i on i LMiMIujiw.iicL. 

• Wii Inlra wiili nit demand with emit '.HIcLns 
litu ofiilleresl.t 

• No penalty on wit lid niwuiswlieriT nun ill is' 
notice it given. 



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Please send me full detailsof:(ap'iialSharesQ Linn Shares (Special Issurl Q nick as appropriate) 

To: ( Ihdsea Building Sudeiy, FREEPOST. Cheltenham. Ok*. OL 53 I BR. 

Name — 




Its what the Lion stands for. 

Minils-i ul I INK 
4iid ilk- Building 


Ullllmll UlClMr 

till UlUMimUldll 






Markets will 

survive Iran 

Life policy will test 

Watchdog’s approach to 

- X % / - 

and Boesky 

assurance expenses 

From MaxwdI Newton, New York 

The financial markets have 
brushed off two big shocks — 
the Boesky affair and the 
threat to the power of the 

On both counts, they have 
concluded that, ultimately, 
these blows will not affect the 
fundamental strength of the 
finan cial markets, which is 
based on a huge pool of 

This was set up by the 
Federal Reserve in the enor- 
mous money-creation splurge 

decline offertory orders by 3.6 
per cent in October (spread 
across the whole range of 
factory output) hardly points 
to a resurgence of strength in : 
the industrial sector. 

comes under scrutiny 

of the past two years and by 
foreign central banks which 

Meanwhile, it seems clear 
that the US cannot expert 
much relief from import pres- 
sure for the time being. 

Hie dollar sagged briefly 
during the Boesky and Iranian 
crises, but by now the mark is 
back at the top of its “narrow 
band" of 48-50 cents and the 

foreign central banks which 
have been buying dollars and 
creating doibw bank. 
with the New York Fed. 

The bond market has en- 
joyed a sizeable rally, with the 
30-year cash bond rising from 
the November 7 issue price of 
99V32 (yielding 7.57 per cent) 
to lOl 23 /# on Friday, at which 
it yielded 7.35 per cent 

Swiss franc is hade at the top 
of its “narrow band” of 58-60 

The 10-year cash note price 
rose from an issue yield of 
7.25 to 7 per cent over the 
sam e period. 

This means that over the 
last month, the price of the 
long, 30-year bond has risen 
by more than 3 per cent — a 
solid gain for this new bond. 
On Thursday, the 1 0-year note 
slipped below 7 per cent to 
6.98 per cent 

The release of 
seeminglyfavoiirabfe payroll 
employment numbers on Fri- 
day pushed the yield on this 
note bade above 7 per cent 
but dearly an important tura- 
ingpoint has been reached. 

Those who forecast strong 
economic growth and rising - 
interest rates in the fourth 
quarter are, yet again, having 
to admit that they underesti- 
mated the weight of deflation 
in the US. 

Meanwhile, the Japanese, 
having pulled the wool over 
the eyes of Mr James Baker, 
the Secretary of the Treasury, 
in the Miyazawa-Baker ac- 
cord, are beginning to talk 
about devaluing the yen to 
180-1 90 and, at the same time, 
Taiwan, South Korea and 
Hong Kong are proving highly* 
resistant to appreciating their 

So, for the time 1 
is fitile hope for 



help for the US economy from 
a further important devalua- 
tion of the dollar. 

Meanwhile, the Federal Re- 
serve is continuing its neutral 
policy with occasional injec- 
tions of cash to keep the spirits 
of the market up. 

For the time being, the 
tattered fabric of the US 

The latest City scandals show what 
a hard task the new system of 
! supervised self-regulation of finan- 
cial services win face. The Securities 
and Investments Board (SIB) and 
the seif-regulatory organizations 
(SROs) which it monitors, can be 
relied on to be active in cases where 
the interests of tire public and of 
their industry coincide. The biggest 
test, however, will be their response 
to situations where those two 
interests may differ. Will they 
protect public interests or protect 
their own industry from the public’s 
interest? . . . 

life assurance expenses, includ- 
ing commissions, are a case in 
point MPs and other insurance 
policyholders are pressing for 
disclosure of the deductions made 
from their premiums to meet their 
insurance company's expenses. On 
the face of it, this does not seem an 
unreasonable request After all, the 
insurance company is providing a 
service to the investor who is surely 
entitled to an indication of the cost 
The life offices, supported by the 
SIB, appear reluctant to provide the 
necessary figures. This may arise 
partly from a fear that if investors 
were aware of the scale of the 
chaises, they might not buy the 

Nevertheless, if policies are being 
bought through ignorance of the 

expense loadings in the premiums, 
this can hardly be a position that the 
SIB, as public watchdog, can con- 

The industry's own SRO, the Life 
A s su ra nce and Unit Trust Regu- 
latory Organization (Lautro), has 
proposed a new voluntary scale 
which will limit commissions to 25 
per cent of premiums in the first 
four years of a policy. Lower levels 
apply to later years ’ premiums. 

Under the SIB’S proposals for 
“soft disclosure” .of commissions, 
insurance companies complying 
with the scale will simply refer to it 
in t hei r sales literature. They will 
not need to tell investors what the 
commissions actually are. 

The SIB’s deputy chairman, Mr 
Mark Weinberg, recently listed the 
SIB’s reasons for “having concluded 
with some reluctance that no 
meaningful requirement can be 
imposed” upon life Offices to dis- 
close overall expenses. Their case is 
founded on the premise that it is 
impossible to inform each policy- 
holder in a with-profits fund ac- 
curately what the expense ded- 
uctions from his premiums will be 
in future. 

Most investors would, on the 
other hand, at least initially be 
p r e pa red to accept a reasonably 
rough and ready estimate based on 
expenses in the recent past If these 

estimated figures prove popular, it 
would be possible to consider 
improving their accuracy ax a later 
stage. In the- meantime, together 
with other details such as invest- 
ment performance, they would 
provide help to choosing rationally 
between offices 

It is worth considering Mr 
Weinberg's reasons in some d et a il . 
First he states that what the 
policyholder ultimately receives de- 
pends on the future profits of the life 
office (be includes profits on early 
surrender of policies) and their 
allocation and that are 


This is true but is surely largely 
irrelevant to the question of disclos- 
ing expenses since these directly 
afreet the profits. It does raise, 
however, the different question of 

whether some explanation of the 
office's anticipated bonus-paying 
philoso phy should also be required. 

He goes on to point out that a 
simple expense ratio could be 
misleading if it fails to take into 
account differences in the types of 
business written by different offices 
a nd be suggests that companies do 
not presently measure and allocate 
expenses in a sufficiently similar 
way to make comparisons possible. 

These factors are of little signifi- 
cance if all that is required at 
present is an approximation. In the 
long run, if there is enough demand 
for more detailed calculations, the 
offices will bring their accounting 
systems into fine with any require- 
ments of the SIB. 

Finally, Mr Weinberg says that 
“expenses are less important than 

investment performance in det- 
ermining the ultimate om-tunT. h 
is noteworthy that he does not deny 
that expenses do matter, but merely 
subordinates them 10 this other 
factor. Indeed, given the generally 
similar investment policies of many 
traditional life offices, the relative 
sign ificance of the expenses element 
clearlv increases. 

If the SIB requires a practical 
example of bow a rough-and-ready 
index of expenses could be devised, 
it need look no further than the 
work of the Life Assort aliens’ Inter- 
office Expense Investigation, pub- 
lished earlier this yea- by the 
Institute and Faculty of Actuaries. 
Hie methods set out m the in- 
vestigation would require refine- 
ment and elaboration and the SIB 
would need to consult with life 
offices in setting the parameters and 
making rules. 

The analysis could, for instance, 
be based on the average expenses of 
offices over a five-year period. This 
would provide a start which could ' 
be refined over the years. 

The SIB is in the process of 
commissioning an inquiry to deter- 
mine whether disclosure of ex- 
penses can be made to work. Let us 
bope it will come up with a method 
for answering investors’ legitimate 
inquiries within the scope of what is 

f ¥ 

Geoffrey Bernstein 
and EphraunBorowski 

Geoffrey Bernstein is a consult- 
ing actuary and visiting re- > 
search fellow at the City 
University in London. 
Ephraim Borowski is a lecturer 
at Glasgow University . 





The main indicators of con- 
sumer spending trends are 
weak. Car sates in November 
were not an improvement on 
October's low rate. 

This weakness in car sates is 
the most important single feet, 
suggesting -that the fourth- 
quarter real growth in GNP 
will be nil, if not negative. 

Also significant is the slide 
in new home sales. They fell 
from the monthly rate of 

848.000 in the three months 
ended April, to 702,000 in the 
quarter to July, down to 

673.000 in the quarter to 

Never ending sourness of j 
the EEC sugar policy 

1 187S— oprt6«.1(d«y»»wq» tefrte?) 



While the November em- 
ployment increase of 249,000 
was in line with, but rather las 
than, the Juiy-November av- 
erage rise of 281,000, the 

James Baker: Japan puBed 
the wool over his eyes 
banking system is holding 
together, as evidenced by re- 
cent good gains in the price of 
savings and loan share prices. 

But in the background. 
General Motors is losing ; 
heavily in . market share and 
appears to have lost its sense 
of direction. This “mega- 
corporation” could be tiie 
USX of the 1990s. 

Argentina ausM* 1.6852-1-7022 Ireland 

Auatnta doSar 2.1819-41852 Sfenpon 

Bahrakidtar 053504.5390 MaSyata 

Brazl cruzado* 2041-20.43 AustraBa 

Cyprus pound OJ310-Q.7410 Canada 

FMandnarka 64930-74330 Sweden 

Greece drachma 198.15-200.1S Nonray 

Hong Kong dolar 11.1120-11.1125 Denmark 

M* rupee 1840-1840 West Germany 

baqdrar nta Switzerland — 

Kuwait dinar KD 041754X4215 Natar ta d i — 

Mala yan j pagr — : 3.69004.7100 France- 

Mexico peso -- 10184-10334 Japan- : 

New ZaaJanddaBar .___ 2417523306 

Saudi Arabia rtyal 5-3390-53790 Beuun(Coniin) 

Singapore dotar _____ 3.1286-3.1324 Hong Kong 

South Africa rand 3.16404.1805 Portugal _ — 

UAEcGrham 5.21 45-52545 Spain 

UoydsBanfc Austria 

. 7.7870-7.7900 
_ 1444-1446 

Mae aapplad fry Barclays Bank HOFEX and I 

The fer-from-sweet world 
inhabited by Tate & Lyle and 
the British Sugar Corporation 
is more of a nightmare than a 
dream, where the laws of 
supply and demand are 
turned On their hearit 
' When Britain entered the 
Common Market and beet 
quotas were set, the European 
Economic Commission was 
unable to reduce any of its 
member’s quotas to realistic 
levels compared with their 
consumption. It is therefore 
now trying to stop the cost of 
intervention in, its sugar in- 
dustry from going up any 
further by holding back rises 
in the support price. 

Nevertheless, the EEC sup- 
port price is still easily high 
enough to ensure that the beet 
formers across Europe pro- 


Total UK consumption 000 tomes 



Tate & Lyle 

1975/78 77/78 80/81 82/83 84/85 85/88 

British sugar consumption 

duce fully up to their quotas, is 22 million tonnes a year. 
As a result, the EEC annual Tate & Lyle refines t.l 


Market support price £372 /tonne 

When the gilt market 



sugar production of 15 mil- million tonnes from cane, 
lion tonnes exceeds while the British Sugar 

Seat storage 

tovyCS [- 

consumption by 4 million Corporation manufactures a 


little more than 1.25 million 

This surplus is sold in the tonnes from beet 

free market where the price is Since joining the EEC 





g Grass 

about a third of the support British beet production has 




risen to match its quota of 
1.14 million tonnes. Total 

past has ensured that there sugar consumption, however, 
will always be a cane refining has decreased by 10 per cent. 

Actual oast 
price at 
raw sugar ' 

industry in Europe. But the so beet sugar consumption 
EEC can afford a cavalier has grown at the expense of 

attitude towards the under- cane. 

takings made under the Lonte That cane sugar is refined 

Convention of 1975 to the at all in Britain is the result of 
African, Caribbean and Pa- baid negotiation at the time 


dfic (ACP) cam growers of its entry into the EEC. 
because 90 per cent of the There is now an EEC import 

European cane quota is re- quota for cane raws (raw cane 
fined in Britain by Tate & sugar) of 13 million tonnes. 

Lyle. A weak British sugar Hie cane refiners now have 

lobby has led to an EEC to compete with the beet 
pricing system in which the sugar mamifertiir rry m pri ces 
cane refiners, including Tate set in relation to beet costs, 
& Lyle, have lost out. - which are much lower than 

cane costs. 

The simplest place to start 
is the EEC market support 
price for beet sugar in Britain, 
which, in 1986-87, is £372 a 

This price is arrived at 
using a standard price for 
beet, a beet processing mar- 
gin, the cost of transferring 

Cane dilemma in British Sugar bid 

The Government's commit- 
ments to former Common- 

wealth sugar cane growers 
has left Britain with an 
uncompetitive, cane sugar 

Tate & Lyle, the principal 
European .cane sugar refiner, 
has been trying to negotiate 
with the EEC to improve its 

But it is difficult to see bow 
this can be done without 
either reducing the payments 
to the growers - politically 
very difficult- - or paying Tate 
& Lyle a sabsidy or raising 
the intervention price even 

father, which would be 
prohibitively expensive. 

Are you confident that when the market 
moves, you will be in the right position? 

conflicts of interest be eliminated. 

If not, and you are responsible for a gilt 
portfolio. Reserve Asset Managers can 
alleviate those heart stopping moments that 
accompany major moves in die market 

We provide a highly professional approach 
based on years of research and experience. 

We do not claim to be able to identify 
exact high and low points, but we have 
been able to forecast major trends with great 

Our clients include pension funds, 
merchant banks, insurance companies, 
charities, stockbrokers, investment 
management organisations and individual 

. The Monopolies and 
Mergers Commission is doe 
to repot on January 18 on 
rival bids for Britain's other 
sugar producer, the British 
Sugar Corporation, owned by 

5 & W BerisfonL Both Tate 

6 Lyfte and Ferrari, the 
Italimt beet sugar manufac- 
turer, intend to bid if allowed. 

If Tate & Lyle is permitted 
to bay BSC, k weald have 
only 17 per 'cent of die 
European market, compared 
with Femnzfs 16 per cent 

without BSC. But Tate would 
have a monopoly of tike 
British market If Ferrazzi is 
allowed to bay BSC if coaid 
squeeze Tate & Lyle out of the 
British market and have 
nearly 24 per cent of the 
European sugar market. 

British cane sugar produc- 
tion cook) then conceivably be 
replaced with imports of sur- 
ptns beet production from 
Europe. However, thin would 
leave the EEC with the 
problem of what to do with 
theqnotas promised to the 
African, Caribbean and Pa- 
cific cane sugar growers. 

the beet to the factory, and a 
storage levy designed to 
encourage processes to make 
sugar available throughout 
foe year. 

At current support prices. 
British Sugar Corporation 
should make a gross operat- 
ing mar gin of £1 16/tonne. 

Having calculated the sup- 
port price with reference to 
the profitability of beet sugar 
manufacture, the cane refin- 
ers must make what margin 
they can alter paying for their 
imports of raw cane sugar. 

At the current cost of cane 
raws, the gross operating 
margin for the British cane 
refiner, Tate & Lyle, is £60 a 
tonne, just under half the beet 


The ACP sugar exporting 
countries are paid a guar- 
anteed price expressed in 
European Currency Units 
(ECUs) of just under 45 
ECUs a tonne. 

But it has risen by only 1.3 
per oent since 1983, so the 
cane exporters have seen 
their earnings failing to keep 
pace with their inflation 
rates, which in many cases 
are very high. They would be 
even worse off if the EEC did 
not top up their receipts by 
£85 a tonne in so-called 
monetary compensatory 

This is because Tate & Lyle 
need pay only £280 a tonne 
for its cane raws, the ECU 
price convened at the green 
pound exchange rate. But 
sterling has devalued for be- 
low t h is mythical rate, and 
without the topping up by the 
EEC, the A CPs would be 
even worse off. 

But the ACPS are still 
unhappy because selling in 
the open market is difficult as 
the price has been depressed 
by the sales of EEC surpluses. 

Tate & Lyle is also un- 
happy because the artificially 
‘high price of cane raws puts 
them at a competitive dis- 
advantage to the British beet 
sugar manufacturer, British 

Even the British Sugar 
Corporation is unhappy be- 
cause Britain has one of the 
smallest beet quotas in rela- 

tion to consumption of any 
member of the EEC. 

Meanwhile, the cost of 
supporting the entire sickly 
mess is horrific and looks 

unlikely to decrease. 

Carol Ferguson 



We are a leading independent adviser, 
specialising exclusively in the field of 
fixed-interest investments. We do not 
participate in the selling or in the market- 
making of gilts. We are remunerated by fee 

Every portfolio is under constant review. 
This positive approach to gilt investment is 
essential, we believe, if you are to receive the 
best return from your portfolio with the risk 
profile matched to your individual needs. 

finance House IT VS 
Discoem Market Loam * 

3 ninth S'»-5»w 

7 days 4>'w-4«ta 

3mmh 4<>«4><i« Brenth 

Overnight HWc 1 0K Low 8 

Week rated: fOK 

Only in this way, we believe, can all 

For a brochure explaining our services in 
more detail, please contact George McNeill 
on 01-283 4985. 

Trsaaray BOs (Discount %) 

ISfiS 10’ a M 2rrSrt8 10 " w 

3 moth 10* 3 truth 10% 

Wme Bank BtaffSacount %) 

Ira* 10 5, i> 10 »n 2 mnth 10 «w- 10 K 
Smrth 10K-T0>'ie Bmnth 10%-IOn* 

French Franc cal 

7 days 711-7% 1 nrndi 

3mnth 8 w iB-8 ,s ia Bmnth 

Suras Franc c» 

7 days 1K-1% Imran 

Simth 4X-4S Smrrth 

Yea call 

7 days 4*wr4*n 1 ninth 

3mntfi4%-4% Bmnth 

6'ia-5 a *n 











■V; ' • -• 

Trade BSta (Discount*) 
1 mnth 11 ,b s 2 2ranth 11 T w 

Simth 11% Bmnth 11% 



Reserve Asset Managers Limited 

Onamght open 11 dose 9% 

1 week IT'm-II Bmnth 11’«-11% 
1 runth 113,8-11% Smith IVw-11% 
3 ninth U>»-11% 12mth 11».s-ll% 

Licensed Dealers in Securities 

Local Aaftoriy Deposits <%) 

2 days 10% 7 days 10% 

Imnth 10'»ti Smrth 11% 

6mrah 11% 

3mntti 11 % 
I2mth 11'* 

Krugerrand (per coin, e* ratt 
S 3864W8&0 {EZ70.O(W7240> 
Sovereigns (new, ex vstt 
S 91.504240 C£640CL64_75> 


S 48145 (£337.15) 
saver - 

S 53740 (£375.75) 

The specialists in Gilt and Fixed Interest Investment 

I 1 moth 11%-m 
! 3imth 11%-llSi 
9 mirth 11%-11% 


2mm h 11%-11% 
Bmnth 11%-11K 
I2imh hh-11% 


The Agricultural 
Mortgage Corporation PLC 
is today December 8th. 
changing its address 
and registered office to: 

Sul' Mr v . . 

St*".’ ' 

vS .. 

3? > ;• . 

3 Gracechurch Street 
London ec3voab 
Telephone oi-283 4985 
Telex 939391 pnllbn 

Staring CDs (%) 

1 ninth 11 %-IVia 

Smntfi 11*i*-11S< 

6mnth 11»w11M I2mth ll^w-mt 

Applets: E4194M nfcArtZIOOM 

Btas:EB744% roe owo c h 9S% 

Last week: £9744% racehiB d: £73% 
Ana rwe: £104662% test wk £104682% 
Next week: £10QM replace £10060 

I DoferCOsTW 
1 mnth 620-8L15 
Bmnth 540445 

3 mnth 6,00-5.95 
12 rrtth 545-540 


TELEPHONE: 01-480 7658 
TELEX: 8814729 FAX: 01-481 8363 

4C"' ; 

K. ■ 

K . • 

V*.' V s ' : 

.vO p U 


7 days 6»-5»w 

call OT-5% 
imnth 6K-6U 

S - v rr 





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hope . ^lowf: 
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Take shelter with the most 
expensive architect and wait 

;arch!icciurai en SmMnief *" 0,h e r design feature used London is also regarded as a Ernest Green, a structural 
. makes its debut on the un u c P m *® n y ,s *he atnum. base for further expansion engineering consultancy, was 

listed securities market ihU J^LrS int0 European markets. placed on a more modest 

• week. PJ>P la in office buildings m pretax profits have risen rating of 1 2.5 times but h now 

The placing values the com- from $291,000 (£203.49) in stands at a 40 per cent 

pany. Clark. Tribble. Harris & f *“ c USM listing is to raise 1981 to $733,000 in 1985, and premium to the issue price. 

Li. at £14 million, making it ,un< } s organic expansion, for the year just ended the Clark, Tribble is therefore 
the biggest quoted architec- AU Clar,c * Tribble designs group is forecasting not less the most expensive of the 

• tural group in Britain. arc computer-aided which than $1.8 million. architects to make iu debut 

Clark Tribble, founded as a Ih S opportunity to The tax change is com- and the shares are unlikely to 

partnership in 1973. Offers a SSSSl,- P™ 1 - designs plicated by pending changes in open at a huge premium. 
92“* *"« in ^niKUlyandnpKUy. 3“® taw b?t m Ite Bnt as Canary Wharf 

Riming, architecture, en- * hc system is one of the maximum effective rate, the London, begins to take shape 

S N^ n Jr2S.- nie r orde SP L "L° h s,a ? v P n «lofits kind but prospective price/eamings ra- and the group wins a record m 

• u£«£! ,er ? lin 8 [r° m oilires technological developments uo for the year is 15.9 tiroes, Britain, the financial manage- 
. l n « r f s,u °Eton. New York, (P® 3 " tha * the company will and a year ahead it would be meat and high quality design 

U)s Angeles and Charlotte. hav * to make further invest- in the region of 12 times. skills of the group should be 

IS^SSSw* Trj: The ruling is comparable to gyen inc^Wtion 

commercial develoDmem A significant element of the the p/e>adopted for the launch tyti*ruaAei. 

tor. buiSineunahJ^V^: expansion is the last spring of D Y Davies, the ^ Twelve months out this 

'diem lisL ® p ^ ue C ^P fanned establishment of a first arcmtectural practice 10 aoc * c . B ^kely 10 Mpy a 
' Its nartimlamrv>nico ic ■ ? r,l j sh operation. The seek a stock market quotation, prelum rating. 

sssS SsiStfBS jhksssss _ 
■£*»» ssasas SBSSSMS «SS=« 

favourable opportunities, climbed since. at Phillips &. Drew. 



F Ccn^Er, 

her Cfgr Gwu Dn 

~ m 6* TK 

rak xa S 


6 T3OC0O A < m Oa iv 

■ 4 BM.000 ATA Solactan M ' 


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5 IB. TOO Acso Jmvwmy 17 

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160 -10 

151 -7 


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6 33AJ00 Am» in 

7.5750^ 4.-WJM i£o 

rim Ass Hdognsftcs 343 

Od V/TTIB 305 

5.425.0CD Ain Hud 

30£hn Aipsn Corrons 31 f 
55 6m AsimuUI 
9B-3 rn Aipr at 
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*' ^ Equfl ,,, # ,, i 

. s.134.000 AuaMBCC 
. 5J35.DW Baa Dkoi 
12 <■ BCE 

3.311.000 8Tj Gip 

iiro.ooa Baaota rWAam) 111 .5 

223n Be ram & Fotnan 23'/ m.'j 

3.414.000 BAratm Ors» S 
2T5n BwluMy 5 Hay 
153oi Bodialoy E»D 

. 1.715X00 Be baum 
2505000 Owngcmmca 
7 A 03.000 FhpoJ 
. 5.400XXn BUnenatTK 
6.454JXU BUfilNon Emo 

• 171a Bhttwa Ton 

66.1n Bcxtana 

• 3.565.000 Brawraakw 

■ 3585000 BrAmt 
, 7567.000 an 

6270500 B( noon 

9.100.000 Br unm 
10 3m Brood Si 
162a BnxHacoum 
112a Biown lOurtn) 

5.486.000 Bryant (Doah) 

Bub Rbsoutqis 

1543.000 CCA CsloOas 
14. lot CML Micro 

1.543.000 CPS Como 
S.1BS.003 CPU canv 

194a CVD 

_ CHOdOnmn Oft 

3250.000 Csnscsch _ 

C2.1a Cannon Snaot tor ISO 
17 7a Chancery Secs 

6.400500 cneekpooi E 
162m Chebea Man 
347.000 Cham Metnods 
135m Chjsmro w 

■ 2884,000 (Her 

6.627500 Cayvom 

' 7569JXU Cayyson 
1.628500 CitfAsan 7% 

4537.000 Oaxonl 
TO «• Clarke Hoopar 

7.193.000 Ooqau Gold 
211m dull CM Hops 
i(L2m coand Etofoodn 
195a Cam EnerMd 
iaom csstm 

2556000 Cotoraan Inc 

6206.000 Cana RnocM 
. 1420000 Compnoft 

145m Co n n a un ts 

2026.000 Cans Tam fews 

5.134.000 Conn Mlciuwam 
7,39X000 Cowefls 

■ a 540.000 cm 

• 5596JXJ0 Campnom 

• 4J40.000 OanDroOh 
. 5J376.000 Crarowk* 

5.092000 Cnnon Lodga 

5.654.000 OWgroo Lam 
6.BJ4XK) Crown TV Prods 

9344.000 Croon 
4 498.000 QBE Tech 

4 .027.000 DO Sac Manns 

3 .450.000 Duron 
703m Danas (DY1 

4 882000 Daan A Bowes 

1360.000 Da Bran (AiKMJ D-if.w 

2754.000 Detour 
l9.*m Dancora 

3.494.000 Daranans Bnc 

• 2913500 Dowry Wvisn 

10 7» Dulana 
29.6m DrocA 

3513.000 Dunton 
4.122000 Eaoa 

132m Esmp Boa OpOcs 
1.744500 Ecoonc 
39.9m Edn Fund 
2986500 Bun 04 S Oas 
326m Banaqe PW» A' 

M 4a Eleorofi Haa 

2006.000 Becironic Data P 
21 Ja Bum 

642000 Enurtanunt Prod 
Hint &JUJM 
I05m Bra Coumictton 
34.4m F1I 
21.7m FKB Gp 
132m F S H Group 
6912000 Faettoach 
4J10900 Fuigafmx* 

181.5m Bs«9 litoif 

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3555900 FUWMr Datum 
10 la Fftuucfi 
53 la Ftooam 
7.128000 Ftoyd W 
7351900 Ford & wtsttn 
aoa Franco Com 
49 7 m Frmhbafea 
429a rum Bum A’ 

102» tlMOm 

7399900 Oh (Ck4| 

7.730 000 OwfAaun 
2800900 aaxnn Lynns 
126a Goes Maw 
230m G«ban mua 
1520900 raoraJ Gp 
43M 000 OoM warren 
136a Onodhaatl Plot 

53 -3 35 85 123 

46 -2 ... 85 

304 *19 256 943 

38 -3 155 

02 43 63 99 

177 a *4 75 43113 

III -13 29 28187 

350 -7 59 I J 182 

l» -5 43 34 153 

B3 -3 37 43 

39 -1 24 83 111 

a «*4 S3 65 184 

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09IXUUO Oranya Sunsoa TO «*2 39 43 123 

157a Qraat SOUMm 162 -2 

13.7a Gnun (Bnatft T73 
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169m Gnxnonr So 130 
1383900 Gmnuay ASaMc ISO 
105m KM* Ocean 4 OtkuiOT 
„ 108“ HWbH onus 8 OdrnlOT 
8283900 f la midan u nma tara 83 
113u Kanroy A'lhona 295 
315a KBalock Ewppa 283 
6.607900 Haaon can 46 

2462900 Haavtoas • 482 

4348900 Do 'A' LV 402 
Haaooson Pinna 1«8 

7458900 MgMtoH 
34tC900 HMimi Pan 

1^2-252 S5J? 000 ™ 

6.409.000 HOMMI 


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45 87 115 

21 25 133 

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5.7 22 245 

1.1 24 182 
123 27 181 
123 31 155 

25 15 194 

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i hoBEih 

I39a Hilda Food 
1544900 remind Dae 
263a HUMwSmlto 

69^1 sar 5, 

2.720.00Q INK 


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1.120900 JKhos 7 

7.765900 Jotuun 8 Jora 118 

. p, ** # mi 

5.a25.ei® in Rutoar 7i 

189a KLP 
9900.000 K«nt GMtol 
77ML000 Kanyon Sacs 
3434900 dal Sawns 
9986960 fdan-rsbaT 

5747900 LPA aid 88 .. 35 44 87 

8953000 LaKttar 78 *7 41 54 Sr 

5.747900 UUaw Tbonann 100 • 55 S3 135 

57,1 -*■» 81 09 194 

2J9n Lanur 101 *8 35 35 125 

13Jta Local Lon Gto aw ” 

3379900 lodga Cara 106 

.184a Lon 8 aydnua 115 

6963900 Lorih Qact 106 

6380900 Lyssndar ftt 

0380900 Lysoaiar nt 3B 

9973900 life CMS A Cany 108 
8300900 MMT Quito 810 
4535900 McLaitoiai A Nar 115 
• M— tt e s- 72 

2571900 Mamma 118 

S.1B790D Martns Doa 83 
T27a |Mi OtooatoJ 

-8 59 15815 

+18 28 27 229 

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189a MayWr City 
585a Maadm Faa 
124a Madia itacn 113 m-tt 

4938900 H aSanusw 81 «-1 

«.«7i.0M Moray comp 10 -1 

■15900 Monccra M Mdgs 10 -0 

121a Murder -Santo 173 -3 

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109- 87 85 
27 - 85 131 
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54 19 259 

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59 509 07 

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14.1to Manadoaai Mns 302 *22 79 29 232 

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9.760.000 Mmsec 78 42 37 47 114 

S - 44 S 22 am a + JL ’■? 19 ,il ® 

. - JaS 5 “on*" 800 *-10 45 0L7 414 

4900.000 Itoani IS *7 57 43 11.1 

£681900 MfcTDrtac 33 . IJ |4J 

. 2£3toi udsumna tans 432 *7 39 08 321 

3WB900 MBu A So*ouw 168 -5 33 19 3M 

11(*1 uawsnl Brown 180 33 29349 

3510900 Ma World 180 -5 75 44 #5 

29 29 181 

35 at 155 
65 45 .. 
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85 37 128 

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132 -2 

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95 *5 

102 • .. 

235 •+« 

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6.160900 Moorgtoe Op 
ifiTa MoiSca A Crana 
247a Monoq 
1950900 Moday 
4580900 Monts 

125m Mustafln 
0450900 Mew a Mu Nh 

• — Domna 

5905900 New BwM Pans 28 
BZ5900 bin E7S 

0990000 Naraos Trans to 

9955900 Mmsto 3 -1 

9349900 NoranA 120 -8 

ITIEJOT Norton 45 

. «!• H2W« IJotoN 178 *-2 

8903,000 Nn flan A Own 23 

2.137900 OWtaM kopec 30 *2 

Qptomewi cs 20 

43 34 185 
19 22 45 

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250 87 45 


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7517900 Paa5jy»l»na 175 

JSSS®"* 48 

8120900 Nwmea in 

585a PwtttoM Gto !S 

355T900 Pm 4 M Law 
10.7a Pmon 
305a Paw Group 
116a fWneem 


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0533900 * Tf 
7505900 Platon 
114a Bun Mdos 
9900900 Pal|Mc7iMat>a 

HJm Ikan ar am 


9750.000 Ouano 
0449000 QuaaM 


3932900 Rwuco CM 
4530900 HanaM 

4.728900 Rarattaota __ 

3^0000 Raai Tima cuaol 51 

snooo Rag a t Motor ir, *1 

41.1a RMn 113 _* 

5.722900 Hockwood to -i 

900 Rods A Notin 100 *2 

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40M500 SappMra P« 
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12(7900 Sam 

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8212900 Saanurn 
2105000 SuauHv 

219a Sham Drog BWS 3(0 
4202000 SMHoiScbbi S3 

4934900 Stana 
4,482900 Stow Cotsrtng 


11.7a Snoaton Brtdga 170 ... 

4JWi000 Sountracks 42 

259<n S8sa Bu* 165 

7,203909 SW RaaouceB 14 

2300.000 Space PtomJng 106 -2 

3527900 Spacfea Auto 70 «*2 

298*900 Spaonan 25 -1 

7953900 :iOtca 01 *1 

3900900 saa m 

9950900 SOkUH MHU 103 

ISte sswara ft* os 

6404900 Susaign an as 

M2m ScOtaOid (ET) 86 

1342000 Swindon Pr Hoap 110 

B32890Q 3yrupaaCi»m 205 


193a T A S SUM 
2012000 TDS CfeoMs 
0405000 TUI Adaan 
135a TSB dun tstods 
8517900 Task Faros 
. 113a Tsy Hanoi 
3454900 Then For Bus 
113a Tacn Comp 
7921900 Tatoeompuog 
6(76000 Tsi Souin 
lua Hanna 
■86a Tksia SdaMk 


8182900 __ 

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1748900 Tawngads Sac 33 
104*i Trade P romollan 180 
458a Ttarcneramod 468 
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7.105.000 Wtayrie Karr 

393*900 Watou 

4.155900 mast YmftsHiB^m 
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2900900 WOnn pSl 

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‘unlikely to 
hit profits’ 

By Lawrence Lever 

The effects of polarization 
will impair the clearing banks' 
capacity to attract new busi- 
ness in life assurance and unit 
trusts, a circular from Smith 
New Court Research says. 
However, the effect on the 
banks' profits is not likely to 
be significant in group terms. 

Polarisation is the rule for- 
mulated by the Securities and 
Investments Board which 
stipulates that anyone selling 
life assurance or unit trusts 
must either be an independent 
intemwdiary offering a range 
of different companies' prod- 
ucts. or a company repre- 
sentative offering products of 
only that company. 

The clearing banks have 
lobbied fiercely for special 
status which would exempt 
them from the requirements 
ofpolarizaoon.TbeSIB, how- 
ever, has insisted it must 
apply to them. 

Smith New Court says that, 
given the choice, the clearing 
banks win opt for company 
representative status. “The 
vast majority oflife and unit 
trust business generated 
through their branch network 
is placed in-house," it says. 
“Electing to become an in- 
dependent intermediary 
would probably involve a loss 
of some of this business and 
entail considerable expense in 
retraining or recr uiting staff." 

About the effect on the 
bottom line, the authors point 
out that Barclays and TSB 
have the biggest exposure. At 
the end of 1985 they were 
respectively the fifth and 
sixtb-largest unit trust 
management groups. 

The authors say that the 
vociferous manner of the 
banks' protest does indicate a 
degree of concern". 

Cheap foreign 
shoe imports 
tumble by 13% 

By Our Industrial Editor 
Cheaper footwear imports 
into Britain collapsed 13 per 
cent in volume during the first 
nine months of this year, 
offset to some extent by a 9 per 
cent rise in the more expen- 
sive ranges. 

It left imports down in 
volume by 3 per cent overall 
although on a 12-month 
analysis they still had a 58 per 
cent market penetration. This 
emerges from the latest survey 
of the trade by the British 
Footwear Manufacturers 
Association, which reported 
further improvements in Brit- 
ish makers' deliveries, up 10.3 
per cent during September. 
Order books also improved by 
3.1 per cent There was more 
encouragement for the British 
manufacturers in the contin- 
ued upward trend in their 


AE debacle points to 
takeover code rethink 

T he six-month AE takeover saga 
ought to rank as the nadir in 
relationships between the City 
and industry. The melodrama has left a 
former senior figure in the bank 
advising one bidder, Robert Maxwell's 
Hollis, faring an insider trading charge. 
It has resulted in severe censure from 
the City Takeover Panel for the leading 
merchant bank Hill Samuel and stock- 
broker Cazcnove, which were acting for 

It has shown the Panel pursuing 
blinkered City interest in pe nalising the 
client rather than its advisers. The 
behaviour of some investment institu- 
tions has left Pontius Pilate looking a 
model of integrity by comparison. Even 
the successful bidder, Sir Frauds 
Tombs' Turner & Newall, has had so 
much mud thrown at it over asbestos 
liabilities that some is bound to stick. 

But only the optimist would bet on 
this being a turning point. The combina- 
tion of the City's understandable ob- 
session with its own affairs, a great 
increase in the efficiency (as well as the 
necessity) of the takeover industry and 
the pressure of competition, have 
created a culture that has developed 
great power over industry and, at the 
level that counts, has little in common 
with it. 

.AE was, perhaps, not naturally cast as 
damsel in distress, for as Associated 
Engineering it was hardly a stainless 
paragon of the industrial virtues. Less 
than four years ago, it was in no position 
to resist a takeover by GKN, having 
been caught badly by an extreme variant 
of the slump. It was lucky to be saved by 
the Monopolies Commission. Although 
strong on investment and product 
development, it needed the market 
discipline of a takeover threat 

B ut since 1982, under Sir John 
Collyear, who came from the 
rather special atmosphere of the 
old Glacier Metal, it has turned itself 
into a successful small-scale multi- 
national in the ratified world of engine 
components, especially piston rings. It 
has, as recommended, kept in close 
touch with institutional investors, 
explaining its investment policy and the 
need for its hefty research and develop- 
ment spending. And it had earned 
respect in the City. 

When Turner & NewalTs first bid 
came, few thought AE needed it or 
would be improved by it Turner & 
Newall needed AE’s British profits to 
use its own tax allowances, to dilute the 
double image of asbestos and Africa that 
were left after Sir Franris’ rescue 
operation, and to generate the financial 
activity the City likes. ' . 

Many institutions were reluctant to 
accept T & InTs offer, but when the AE 
price fell in expectation of bid failure, 
large numbers tried to have it both ways 
by selling in the market T & N bought 

Arbitrageurs, seeking a quick turn by 
accepting, bought the rest AE’s advisers 
countered with a sort of reverse 
arbitrage, giving selected buyers a no- 
loss guarantee. It is questionable 
whether this was in the spirit of the 
Takeover Code principle that all 
shareholders should be treated equally, 
but the Panel merely condemned the 
advisers for non-disclosure. T&N, 
which just failed with 49 per cent, was 
allowed to re-bid. 

AE sensed it had little chance. But 
along came Robert Maxwell, as 
streetwise as Sir John was not, with a 
white knight offer through his much 
smaller Hollis, a ragbag with interests 
ranging from school desks to stationery 
and cash-demanding cranes. Mr Max- 
well needed engineering credibility. AE 
was desperate to avoid T&N. So a 
ludicrous partnership was formed, with 
the AE board under the somewhat naive 
impression that it would be left in 
charge to run its demanding business. 

The City just supplied the shares. AE 
has ended, due to Mr Maxwell's 
promise not to sell his 30 per cent stake, 
at the centre of a stand-off between its 
new controller and an inveterate cam- 
paigner. Time will tell whether Mr 
Maxwell merely miscalculated or has 
some deeper plan. 

T urner & Newall has the best of 
intentions towards AE But it is 
barely possible to believe that this 
process had anything to do with the 
health and progress of AE*s business — 
just the sort of world leader in advanced 
niche engineering that the country 
needs. Still less can the process have 
helped AE’s business. Its rivals in 
Germany, where such companies are 
the bedrock of success, must be 

If this kind of self-inflicted damage is 
to be reversed, the voluntary frame- 
work, in which free market forces 
should operate, needs to be changed 
fast. The CBI taskforce is looking at 
relations between industry and institu- 
tional investors. The Takeover Code 
now also needs reform and the Bank of 
England might here again take a lead. 

The principle of equal treatment for 
investors re mains vftaL The other pillar 
of the Code, the notion that it acts as ref- 
eree in an equal courtroom-style contest 
to be derided by the jury of share prices, 
needs rethinking. The rise of arbitrage 
acting as proxy for a concert party ami 
the misleading use of convertible loan 
stocks, have tilted the balance in favour 
of any bidder who has not miscalculated 
or bitten off more than he can chew. 
And the rules, so carefully developed to 
ensure fairness, now underwrite the 
abuse of., the power of finance over 
industry. '. 

Graham Searjeant 

Financial Editor 

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David Lloyd 


Stylo: Mr 
Hughes is 

dl Unisys: Mr 

becomes director, finance^ 

Mel Smaje director* human 
resources; Mr Cbns 

director, managemeni sc. 

vices: Mr Peter Indeed 
director, strategic 
and Mr Charles Robinson 
executive assistant to the vice 

Pr Civii n Lvi«: Occumiioral 
Health Sen-ice: Dr George 
Some is made director. 

Hoover: Mr Anthony 
Williamson tonnes njjMg 

ing director. UR..Mr^tho n y 
Simpson managing direcio. 

Europe, and Mr M 
kins finance director. Eastern 

r » McAlpine: MrJoto 

MH5*rsS E » 


David Lloyd Hughes 

Taylor Woodrow: Mr P. 
Hedges becomes a director. 

Alliance CapitaL- Mr Phflip 
Douglas joins as senior vice 
president. Alliance Capital 
Management Corporation and 
managing director. Alliance 
Capital Management 


CJi. Beazer (Holdings): Mr 
Alan M. Keat is made a non- 
executive director. 

TR Natural Resources 
Investment Trust: Mb' Trnls 
Posen and Mr Peter Kysd 
become directors. 

Union Carbide Corpora- 
tion: Mr Robert D. Kennedy 
becomes chairman, succeed- 
ing Mr Warren M. Anderson, 
and Mr J. Clayton Stephen- 
son becomes vice-chairman 

Paisner&Co: Miss Lindsay 
WDner becomes a partner. 

Vickers: Sir David Plastov 
becomes chairman from Janu- 
ary I, succeeding Sir Richard 

The Reed Exhibition 
Companies/Cahners Ex- 
position Group: Mr Philip P. 
Ullo becomes president, 
succeeding Mr Bryan Hope. 

Jean Sordle: Mr Keith Fox 
becomes managing director 
from January 1. 

Crown Financial Manage- 
ment Mr Mike Christophers 
is made managing director, 
succeeding Mr AUan Dsggin. 




ABN- Jim 

Adam & Company...... j 1.00% 

BCCl.._ 11.00% 

Citibank Savingsf 12.45% 

Consolidated Crds 11.00% 

Co-operative Bank -.11.00% 

C. Hoare & Co 11.00% 

Hong Kong & Shangbaill.00% 

Lloyds Bank- 11.00% 

Nat Westminster 14.00% 

Royal Bank of ScoUandll.00% 

TSB n.00% 

Citibank NA_ 11.00% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 

.. . jADLJER The new Adler SE300 
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■5m n Office and Electronic Machines pic 



To: Office and Electronic Machines pic, 
140-154 Borough High Street, London SE1 1LH. 
Tel: 01-407 3191. tqa 



. Rom your portfolio card check your 

dotty dividend figure. If it mulches, you 
have won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card. You oust always have 
your card available when claiming. 


Capitalization and week’s change 

(Current market price multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the st«& qu°5f2 rwomher 15 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began November 24. Dealings aid Friday. §Comango day December 8. Settlement da> Decemoer 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

Where stocks have only one 

• Ttaw V****P«* Lteotri 


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• Ekfflvndofw a Ex aU b Forecast {Svbtend s wwj" 





Rise in real yields 
reinforces impact 
of inflation trends 

G ilts have performed 
Badly since foe middle 
f . - of April. Ai that time, 
, e Government was issuing 
Jong-daied gilt-edged stock 
on a yield below 816 per cent 
The latest issue in the long- 
dated range. a £100 million 
tranche of Treasury 8 '6 ner 
cent 2007. was allotted by the 
Treasury to the Bank of 
.^and on a 10.5 per cent 
yield. The capital loss repre- 
sented by this yield move- 
ment amounts to about 18 
per cent. 

it is tempting to attribute 
the rise in yields which has 
occurred since April wholly 
to a worsening of investors* 
inflation expectations. In the 
spring, it was still possible to 
believe that a fall in the 
recorded inflation rate would 
bring in its wake a lowering of 
pay settlements. We now 
know that this did not hap- 
pen and. as recorded inflation 
rises, we wait fearfully to see 
whether there may be asy- 
mmetries in the prices- wages 

The shift towards fiscal 
relaxation, as signalled by the 
admission of higher public 
spending in the autumn state- 
ment and the fragile-looking 
commitment to next year’s 
PSBR forecast, has not 
helped. There is no stiffening 
from monetary policy. In- 
deed, it would be hard to 
characterize the elements that 
go to make up that policy at 

The inflation rate, as mea- 
sured by the year-on-year 
change in the retail price 
index, now seems likely to 
rise close to 5 per cent by the 
end of 1987 and on to 6 per 
cent or above in 1988. assum- 
ing the Government stays on 
its present policy course. 
These forecasts are not out of 
line; they are probably close 
to the market median al- 
though more pessimistic than 
those the Treasury has 

With long-dated gilt yields 
of lO’/t-l I per cent, however, 
it might well be argued that 
the market is giving an 
adequate return even against 
this inflation outlook. 

This conclusion would be 
over-hasty unless consid- 
eration were also taken of 
what might happen to real 
fields in Britain in the next 
lew months. The impact of 
rising inflation expectations 
on nominal yields seems to 
have been reinforced by a rise 
in real yields. 

It is well to remember that 
the nominal yield on a gilt- 
edged stock is a combination 
of three elements — insurance 
against future inflation, a 
risk-free real return and a risk 
premium (necessary because 
a holder of a fixed-coupon 
stock cannot claim to have 







premium ** 

Tr 03/07 






18.04. B6 













1 S 












“Index-linked 2006 
*“R*sk premium 

certain knowledge that bis 
inflation projection, on 
which the nominal yield is 
acceptable to him, will turn 
out to be accurate). 

We know from the index- 
finked market what the risk- 
free real yield in the market 
is. This gives one of the 
components of the nominal 
fixed-coupon gilt yield. The 
required risk premium is 
harder to establish and may, 
indeed, be positively cor- 
related with the rate of 

I n 1983-84, when inflation 
was picking up from 
about 3Vi per cent to 
about 5 per cent, the risk 
premium implied by actual 
index-linked and fixed cou- 
pon yields, on the one hand, 
and the inflation rate on the 
other, seemed to be about 1 'k 
per cent A similar risk 
premium is assumed for 

If anything, in view of the 
present political uncertain- 
ties, some readers might pre- 
fer to assume a higher 
premium. However, the table 
illustrates the history of long- 
dated yields in terms of the 
three components we have 

Real yields as measured by 
the index-linked market rose 
substantially between April 
and November. Since then, 
they have edged lower. The 
table also shows that almost 
20 per cent of the upward 
movement in fixed-coupon 
yields since April was att- 
ributable to a rise in real 
yields. While this real yield 
movement appears not to 
have been as significant as the 
worsening in inflation ex- 
pectations. it was not a 
negligible factor. 

Incidentally, oar analysis 
demonstrates why the index- 
linked and - fixed-coupon 
markets frequently move in 
the same direction. Although 
this effect has the appearance 
of a paradox, since the two 
markets react to inflation in 
diametrically imposed ways, 
the fact is that, for most of the 
time, investors* inflation 
expectations are stable. 

Consequently, both the in- 
dex-linked and fixed-coupon 
markets are usually respond- 
ing to small changes in real 
yields, which affect the mar- 
kets in the some direction. 

T he question is: what 
influences the level of 
real yields? Over the 
long term, it is the ability of 
the economy to generate 
income flows to service debts 
contracted at the given real 
yield leveL If real yields are 
higher than commercial bor- 
rowers believe can be fi- 
nanced, they will withdraw 
from the capital market, or 
the Government will cut its 
borrowing to relieve the up- 
ward pressure on real yields. 
In either event, real yields 
will falL 

However, in the shorter 
term, say over a year, the 
supply-demand balance in 
the capital market is unlikely 
to be sufficiently adaptive. 
Our interpretation of the rise 
in real yields this year is that 
it reflects a tilting of the 
supply-demand balance in 
British capital markets ag- 
ainst borrowers. 

On the demand side, the 
Government has stepped up 
its prospective financing 
requirements, though much 
of this has been camouflaged 
as public sector asset sales. 
Companies, at the same time, 
have been eager to raise 
capital in the equity market. 

On the supply side, pen- 
sion-fund inflows may be 
beginning to suffer inroads 
from contributions holidays. 
So far, this downturn has 
been offset by buoyant flows 
into insurance funds, al- 
though much of this probably 
relates to activity in the 
bousing market Any cooling 
of foe recent house-baying 
fervour could butt insurance 
fund inflows. 

There are few signs of 
immediate relief from those 
pressures in the capital mar- 
kets. Consequently, it is hard 
to see much scope for a fell in 
real yields in the months 
ahead, although fears over 
the impact which a change of 
government might have on 
tbeiong-tenn profitability of 
British industry could de- 
press real yields a little. 

It follows that, as long as 
investors continue to harbour 
their present expectations 
regarding inflation, long- 
dated gilt yields are unlikely 
to fall tar, if indeed they fell at 

Stephen Lewis 

The author is director o, 
economic resarch at Phi 
lips & Drew, the stock- 

goes out 
of plug 

By Our City Staff 
Mr Bill Graham has just 
been appointed managing 

director of a company which 
has more than SO pa cent of a 
£60 million British market and 
will collect an a ward today Tor 
foe quality and performance of 
its products. 

But there is a dond on his 
horizon. His company makes 
spark plugs and the market is 
declining at a rate of two per 
cent a year. More diesel ears 
are being bmtt and they do not 
use spark plugs. The petrol 

Bill Graham: Spark pings 
are too efficient 

engine now needs senidiifc 
less often than before and 
pings are now so much better 
engineered that they do not 
need replacing as often. 

Mr Graham, a Glaswegian 
who has been Champion's 
director of finance and basi- 
sess development in Brussels, 
said: ‘The trouble with spark 
plugs is that they are going 
nowhere. The modern ping is 
so efferent that it doesn't need 
replacing so often. We need to 
find other products m the 
automotive field which we can 
develop and market, 
capitalising on oar sales and 
production forces and on oar 
brand name." 

Table wine 
sales are 
perking up 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

Wine sales are improvmg 
again, with table wines now ap 
by an animal rate of 4^2 per 
cent and fortified ones, fike 
sherry and pert, less affected 
by slacker trends. 

This, is the latest , ease 
sent from the Wine and Spirit 
Association, tire trends analy- 
sis of which is based on 
moving annual totals of wine 
released from bond into the 
retail trade. It also estimates 
that in Angast, the latest 
month for which statistics are 
available, table wine sales 
were op by 7 JT per cent 
compared with Angnst, 1985. 

Within the table section, 
sparkling wines, indoding 
champagne, did best, with a IS 
per cent increase doing An- 

Johnson Matthey 



Results for the six months ended 30th September 198B 

OPERATING PROFIT £2 7.4m - up 34% 
PROFIT BEFORE TAX £21.6m - up 106% 
PROFIT AFTER TAX &16.1m - up 127% 
EARNINGS PER SHARE lL3p - up 151% 
INTERIM DIVIDEND 2p - up 300% 

tic Systems: Profit £i3.9m; good sales of 
alysts in Europe. 

als Technology: Profits up 24% to 
7 j ar imim and specialised industrial 
s were strong- Benefits or 
jsaiion are now working through. 

IS Metals: Profits up 82% lo S8.9m. 
t demand for platinum group metals, 
ciovery in refining. 

s and Printing: Profits up bv 52% to. 

&3.8m. Good recovery in demand for ceramic 
colours and pigments. 

Finance: Continued reduction in Inin-owings. 
Interest down 42%. 

Outlook: Tile benefits of rationalisation and 
reorganisation are now being reflected in the 
results. The gr» nip continues to concentrate on 
advanced materials and precious metals 
technology, with particular emphasis on 
improving quality in all its activities. 

Copies of I he full Interim are snuiliihk* from 

TJn- Si-rp'Kiiy ■l ,, h n * |, ii Mailin'): PL* '. Wtianini IktiiM*. 7s Huiion < ittnlm. bunion D IN S-IP 

Law Report December 8 1986 

City panel apt for judicial review 

Regina * Panel on Take-overs 
and Mergers, Ex parte 
Datafln and Another 
Before Sir John Donaldson. 
Master ot' the Rolls. Lord Justice 
Uovd and Lord Justice Nicholls 
(Reasons December 5] 

A decision b> the Panel on 
Take-overs and Mergers, reject- 
ing 3 complaint that parties 
involved in a lake-over bid had 
acted in concert contrary to ibe 
City Code on Take-overs and 
Mergers, was susceptible of 
judicial review. 

The Court of Appeal so 
declared after giving ns reasons 
for dismissing on December I. 
1986. an application by Datafin 
pic and Prudential-Bache 
Securities Inc for judicial review 
by way of t reniorart to quash a 
decision by the panel on 
November 54, 1986. that Nor- 
ton Opax pic had not breached 

the City code in the course of a 
take-over bid for the issued 
ordinary share capital of 
McC'orquodale pic. 

The application, for which 
leave had been granted bv the 
Court of Appeal on a renewed 
application following its refusal 
by Mr Justice Hodgson on 
November 25. 1986. had also 
asked for an order of mandamus 
to require the panel to re- 
consider its derision, and an 
injunction to restrain Norton 
Opax from acquiring, or 
registering in us own name or 
the name of any nominee, 
shares in McC'orquodale pursu- 
ant to its offer dated November 
7, 1986. 

Mr Jeremy Lever. QC and Mr 
Derrick Tumff for the ap- 
plicants: Mr Robert Alexander. 
QC. Mr T imoihy Lloyd. QC and 
Mr Keith Rowley for the panel: 
Mr Jonathan Sumption. QC and 
Mr Stephen Richards for Nor- 
ton Opax. 

ROLLS said that that the panel 
was an unincorporated associ- 
ation without legal personality 
of 12 members appointed by 
and representing a targe number 
of City institutions and associ- 
ations. including the Council of 
the Stock Exchange, with a 
chairman and deputy chairman 
appointed by the Bank of Eng- 

It had no statutory, prerog- 
ative or common-law powers 
and was not in contractual 
relationship with the financial 
market or with those who dealt 
in the market 

The panel was self-regulating 
in the sense of a group of people 
acting in concert to force them- 
selves and others to comply with 
a code of conduct of their own 

Lacking any authority de Jure. 
it exercised inunease power de 
facto by devising, promulgating, 
amending and interpreting the 
City Code on Take-overs and 
Mergers: by waiving or modify- 
ing the application of the code in 
particular circumstances; by in- 
vestigating and .reporting upon 
alleged breaches; and by apply- 
ing or. threatening sanctions. 

which were no less effective for 
being applied indirectly. 

The panel's respectability and 
good faith were beyond ques- 
tion: the only question was 
whether it was above the law. 

Although it appeared to have 
no visible means of legal sup- 
port. there was abundant in- 
visible support 

Not only was a breach of the 
code, so found by the panel, ipw 
bcio an act of misconduct by a 
member of the Stock Exchange 
but the admission of shares to 
the Official List might be with- 
held in the event of such a 

That was significant, for the 
listing of securities was a statu- 
tory function performed by* the 
Stock Exchange in pursuance of 
the Stock Exchanse {Listing) 
Regulations (SI I9S4 No 716), 
enacted in implementation of 
EEC Directives. 

Furthermore, in December 
1983. the Department of Trade 
and Industry made a statement 
from which it was dear that, as 
an an of Government, it had 
been decided that in relation to 
take-overs there should be a 
central self-regulatory body 
which would be supported and 
sustained by a periphery of 
statutory powers and penalties. 

The panel operated wholly in 
the public domain, its jurisdic- 
tion extended throughout the 
United Kingdom and its code 
and rulings applied equally to all 
who wished to make take-over 
bids or promote mergers. 

Its lack of direct statutory 
base was a complete anomaly, 
judged by the experience of 
other comparable markets 
worldwide. The explanation was 
that that was an historical 

Prior to the "Big Bang", ihc 
City of London had prided itself 
upon being a village commu- 
nity. albeit of a unique kind, 
which could regulate itself by 
pressure of professional opin- 

.As the Government increas- 
ingly accepted the necessity for 
intervention to prevent fraud, it 
built on City institutions and 
mores, supplementing and 
reinforcing them as necessary in 
a continuing process by which 
the Government had incor- 
porated the panel into its own 
regulatory network built up 
under the Prevention of Fraud 
(Investment) Act 1958 and al- 
lied statutes, such as the Bank- 
ing Act 1979. 

In R v Criminal tnjuries 
Compensation Board. Ex pane 
Lam ([1967] 2 QB 864. 882) 
Lord Parker. Lord Chief Justice, 
said that the exact limits of the 
ancient remedy of certiorari had 
never been and ought not to be 
specifically defined. 

The Criminal Injuries 
Compensation Board was an . 
administrative novelty so it 
would have been impossible to 
find a precedent for the exercise 
of the supervisor jurisdiction 
of the court which fitted the 

Nevertheless, the Queen's 
Bench Divisional Court bad not 
only asserted its jurisdiction. 

but had fun her asserted that it 
'was a jurisdiction which was 
adaptable thereafter. 

Thai process had been taken 
further in O'Reiilv v .Hackman 
{11983] 2 AC 237). Council oj 
Ciril Service Lilians »■ Minister 
lor the Civil Service ([1985] aC 
3 7 4) and Gilhck v Util S or folk 
and ll'isbech Area Health 
Authority {The Times October 
18. 1985: [19S6] AC I »2). 

In all the reports it was 
possible to find enumerations of 
factors giving rise to ihc juris- 
diction, but it was a fatal error to 
regard the presence of all those 
(actors as essential or exclusive. 

Possibly the only essential 
factors were fa) what could be 
described as a public element, 
which could take many different 
forms: and (b) the exclusion 
from the jurisdiction of any- 
body whose sole source of power 
was a consensual submission to 
its jurisdiction. 

Given its novelty, the panel 

fined surprisingly well into the 

format which the court had had 
in mind in Ex pane Lain. 

It was performing an im- 
portant public duty; the rights of 
citizens were indirectly aliened 
by its decisions. In its 
determination of alleged 
breaches of the code, it had a 
duty to act judicially and it 
asserted that its raison d'etre 
was to do equity between one 
shareholder and another. 

Its source of power was only 
partly based on moral persua- 
sion and the assent of institu- 
tions and their members, the 
bottom line being the statutory 
powers exercised by the Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry and 
the Bank of England. 

It was unthinkable that, in the 
absence of legislation such as 
that affecting trade unions, the 
pane) should go on its way 
cocooned from the attention of 
the courts in defence of the 

Nor could it conveniently be 
controlled by established forms 
of private law. such as a claim in 
tori alleging actionable 
combination in restraint of 

His Lordship then considered 
the practical problems involved 
in the exercise of the court's 
jurisdiction. Practical consid- 
erations did not go to the 
existence of that jurisdiction but 
only to how it should be 

It was important that all who 
were concerned with take-over 
bids should have well in mind a 
very special feature of public law 
decisions, such as those of the 
panel, namely that however 
wrong they might appear, they 
subsisted and remained fully 
effective unless and until they 
were set aside by a court of 
competent jurisdiction. 

Furthermore, the court had 
an ultimate jurisdiction whether 
to set them aside and might 
refuse to do so in the public 
interest, notwithstanding that it 
held and declared the decision 
to have been made ultra vires: 
see R v Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission. Ex pane Argyll 

Group pic { The Times March 1 5, 
i486: f J9S6J I WLR 763). 

That case also illustrated the 
awareness of the courts to (a ) the 
special needs of the financial 
markets lor speed on the pan of 
decision-makers and for being 
able to rely upon those decisions 
as a sure basis for dealing in the 
market; and (b) the tact that 
such decisions affected a very 
wide public whose interests hud 
to be taken into account even 
though they were not parties to 
any dispute. 

Il had also to be remembered 
that i! was not even possible io 
apply lor judicial review until 
leave had been obtained. 

In mosi cases, where the 
decision-maker (earned that 
leave was being applied for. he 
might seek to preserve the a juts 
4 i(i > and nol enforce his decision 
pending the court's consid- 
eration. If leave was granted, the 
court was empowered to make 
an ondcr to that effect. 

Bui against the time scales ol 
the financial market, the courts 
would not expect the panel or 
those who should comply with 
its decisions to act similarly. 

In that context, the paneland 
those affected ought to treat its 
decisions as valid and binding 
unless and until they were set 
aside, hist applications for ju- 
dicial review be used as a mere 
ploy in Lake-over battles. 

Then if leave were not 
granted, no harm would have 
been done: and if il were 
granted, it would be for the coon 
to decide whether to make any 
and if so what orders in relation 
to preserving the status au.\ 

Without seeking io letter the 
discretion of the courts to whom 
any future application might be 
made, his Lordship wished io 
make it clear beyond peradven- 
lure in ihc light of the special 
needs of the panel and the 
market ;n which it operated, and 
of all the thousands of third 
parties who were entitled to 
trade on an assumption of the 
validity of the panel's rules and 
decisions unless and until they 
were quashed by the court, that 
the relationship between the 
courts and the panel should be 
historic rather than contem- 

The court should allow 
con temporary decisions to take 
their course' considering the 
complaint and intervening, if at 
ali. bier and in retrospect by 
declaratory orders, which would 
enable the panel not to repeat 
any error and relieve individ- 
uals of the disciplinary con- 
sequences or any erroneous 
finding of breach of the rules. 

His Lordship then gave his 
reasons for refusing judicial 
review of ihe panel's decision in 
the present case and concluded 
that, but for the issue as to 
jurisdiction, ji was not a case in 
which leave to apply should ever • 
have been given. 

Lord Justice Lloyd and Lord 
Justice Nicholls delivered 
concurring judgments. 

Solicitors: S. J. Berwin & Co; 
Freshfields; Ashurst Morris 
Crisp Sl Co. 

Limit to extent of listed buildim 

Debenhams pier Westminster 
City Couucfl 

Before Lord Keith of KinkeL, 
Lord Temple man. Lord Grif- 
fiths. Lord Mackay of Ctasbfem 
and Lord Ackner 
[Speeches December 4] . 

The listing of a building as 
being of special architectural or 
historic interest was extended bi- 
section 54(9) of the Town and 
Country Planning Act 1971 only 
to structures ancillary io iL and 
not to another completely dis- 
tinct building which happened 
to be connected physically to the 
first building. 

The exemption from rates of 
unoccupied property under 
paragraph 2(c) of Schedule 1 to 
Uie General Rate Act 1967 was 
to be determined, in respect of 
listed buildings, by reference to 
section 54 of the 1971 Act and 
did not apply where only part of 
a hereditament was listed. 

A hereditament which com- 
prised of a listed building joined 
by a subway and bridge to 
another unlisted building was 
therefore not exempt 
The House of Lords so held in 
allowing an appeal by West- 
minster City Council in respect 
of the rates payable by 
Debenhams pic, the owners of 
the former Ham leys toy shop in 
Regent Street Westminster. 

The Regent Street block was 
numbered 200-202 Regent 
Street at the front and 50-52 
Kingly Street at the rear. Across 
Kingly Street was No 27-28 
formerly attached to No 50-52 
by a tunnel and footbridge. All 
were unoccupied in the rating 
year February 1982 to March 

The tunnel and bridge across 
Kingly Street were removed in 
January and March J983 to 
enable 27-28 Kingly Street to be 
sold separately. 

Debenhams had asserted that 
the designation of “Nos 172-206 
Regent Street" as listed build- 

ings was apt to include the entire 
hereditament of both the Regent 
Street block and 27-28 Kingly 

The stipendiary magistrate, 
held that only the Regent Street 
block was listed an issued a 
distress warrant. On appeal by 
way of case stated Mr Justice 
Hodgson held that the entire 
hereditament was included in 
the listing and quashed the 
warrant. The Court of Appeal 
(Lord Justice Fox, Lord Justice 
Neill and Lord Justice Ralph 
Gibson) (The Times March 28, 
1986) upheld his decision. 

Section 54(9) of the Town and 
Country Planning Act 1971 
provides that “any object or 
structure fixed to a {listed] 
building . . . shall be treated as 
part of the flisiedj building”. 

Mr Graham Eyre. QC and Mr 
Richard Hone for the council; 
Mr Matthew Horton and Mr 
Michael Humphries for 

LORD KEITH said that in its 
ordinary significance 
“structure” certainly embraced 
anything built or constructed 
and so would cover any build- 
ing. The question was whether 
its context here required a 
narrower meaning to be attrib- 
uted ID il 

The wider meaning could lead 
to some strange results: if one 
house in an architecturally un- 
distinguished terrace was listed 
as having once been the birth- 
place of an historically famous 
personage, it would appear that 
all the houses in the terrace, 
being fixed to the listed building 
either directly or ihrough each 
other, would require to be 
treated as part of il 

“Structure” was not intended 
to embrace some other complete 
building in its own right, but was 
limited to such structures as 
were ancillary to the listed 
building itself, for example the 
stable block of a mansion house. 

or the steading of a farmhouse, 
either fixed to the main building 
or within its curtilage. The 
concept envisaged was that of 
principal and accessory. 

The Kingly Street building 
was historically an independent 
building. It was true that for a 
long time both buildings wen? 
occupied and used together, but 
throughout 1982-83 neither was 
used for any purpose and it must 
have been in contemplation that 
there would be no resumption of 
joint use. as was evidenced by 
steps being taken to sever the 
links between the two. 

Kingly Street was not an- 
cillary to the Regent Street 
building. Lord Justice Fox had 
called it an annexe and from the 
point of view of the occupier 
that might have been so. 

However the subordination of 
one building to another for the 
particular purposes of someone 
who happened for the time 
being to occupy both did not 
mean that objectively speaking 
and for the purposes of the 
listing legislation one of the 
buildings was ancillarv to the 
other. No 27-28 Kingly Street 
was an independent building 
and did not fell within section 

Having reached the conclu- 
sion that only the Regent Street 
building was listed, it was 
necessary to consider whether or 
not the exemption from rates 
under paragraph 2(c) of Sched- 
ule ( to the 1967 Act (as 
amended by the 1971 Act to 
include listed buildings) applied 
to that situation. 

Paragraph 3 enabled the min- 
ister to enlarge the classes of 
hereditaments in respect of 
which the exemption was af- 
forded. but not to restrict it — an 
indication in favour of the view 
that Parliament intended a strict 
construction of paragraph 2(c). 

la Providence Properties Ltd v 
Liverpool City Council ([1980] 
RA 189) it was held that the 

paragraph 2(c) exemption was 
not available to a hereditament 
pan only of which was listed 
(three warehouses, only one of 
which was listed). 

The reasoning was that if 
Parliament had intended to 
afford the exemption to such a 
hereditament it would have 
done so in express terms. 

There was much force in that 
view of the matter, and taken 
with other considerations such 
as that above, it had to deter- 
mine the issue in favour of the 

Lord Templeman and Lord 
Griffiths agreed. Lord Mackay 
delivered a concurring speech. 

LORD ACKNER. dissenting, 
said that both the ordinary 
meaning of the words used in 
section 54(9) and the very 
purpose of the legislation 
strongly supported the propo- 
sition that “structure” covered 
any building and therefore in- 
cluded 27-2S Kingly Street. 

The purpose of listing build- 
ings was to ensure the protection 
and enhancement of the local 
heritage of buildings. To confine 
that control to the building 
expressly listed could often be 
quite insufficient. 

Any theoretical absurdities 
were fair)) met by the nature of 
the control imposed on listed 
buildings and all their pans, 
actual or deemed. The code of 
listed building control did not 
prevent demolition or alteration 1 
or extension. It merely required 
consent to such works. 

No 27-28 Kingly Street quali- 
fied to be treated as pari of 200- 
202 Regent St; it was used as a 
Subordinate part of the main 
shop and ancillary thereto. It 
was. as Lord Justice Fox aptly 
described it. an annexe. It was 
nor surprising that the two 
buildings formed a single her- 
editament for rating purposes. 

Solicitors: Mr G. M. Ives: 
Forsyte Kerman. 

Company trust payments dcductil? 

£. Bolt Ltd v Price (Inspector 
of Taxes) 

Before Mr Justice Hoffmann 
Judgment December I] 

Payments by a company to 
trustees of a settlement set up (o 
secure the company's future and 
the well-being of its employees 
were deductible in computing 
the amount of its liability to 
corporation tax. The payments 
were incurred wholly and exclu- 
sively for the purposes of the 
company's trade and were 

accordingly within the pro- 
visions of section 130(a) of the 
Income and Corporation Taxes 
Acl 1970. 

Mr Justice Hoffmann so held 
in the Chancery Division allow- 
ing an appeal by the company. 
E. Bolt Lid. from a determina- 
tion ofSIough General Commis- 

The company traded as fish- 
mongers at Gerrards Cross. Its 
shares were owned by two 
elderly directors and their 
wives. The employees feared 
that on the directors' deaths the 

company would be unable to 
continue in its present form and 
that would have an adverse 
effect on its skilled and long- 
serving employees on whom it 
largely depended. 

The company's accountants 
recommended foe “employees' 
trust” which was approved and 
executed in 1981- Its object was 
to ensure that the share capital 
of Ihe company should be held 
by the trustees for the 
employees' benefit and the 
trustees were empowered to 
purchase shares. 

The company made an initial 
payment of £2.500 to the trust- 
ees and two further payments of 
£2,224 and £1,000. 

A lax inspector refused io 
allow foe company to deduct the 
payments hi making its relevant 
corporation tax computations. 

The commissioners dismissed 
the company's appeal from that 
refusal; they held that although 
the payments were revenue and 
not capital payments, they were 
not incurred wholly and exclu- 
sively for the purposes of foe 
company's trade. 

Mr Alasiair Norris for foe 
company; Mr Alan Moses for 
foe Crown. 

said that the essence of the 
commissioners' reasoning was 
their contrasting the fens to 
those in the case of Heather v P- 
E Consulting Group Ltd ([1973] 
I Ch 189) - a case where an 
employer's annual payments »o 
trustees to provide employees 
with incentives and to prevent 
outside interference were held to 
be deductible. 

The commissioners pointed 
out that here there was no 
obligation on the company to 
make any contributions beyond 
its initial payment, that there 
was no reference in foe body of 
foe settlement to foe principal 
object of foe trust, that there was 
no obligation imposed on the 
shareholders lo sell their shares 
to the trustees and that the 
genesis of the instant scheme lay 
in the employees' anxiciy 

company in setting up the 
scheme was dearly set out in a 
redial. Having regard to ihe 
background facts the only pos- 
sible conclusion was that the 
scheme was set up wholly and 
exclusively for the purposes of 
benefiting the company’s trade. 

What other purpose could the 
commissioners properly have 
found? The only one might have 
been disinterested largesse for 
employees without desire to 
advance the trade: charity sit- 
ting at the board. There was no 
suggestion i hat that was ihe 

The commissioners had mis- 
directed themselves by attach- 
ing significance to insubstantial 
differing features from those in 
the P-E Consulting ease. On ihe 
facts the only conclusion was 
that the payments made by the 
company to the trustees were 
incurred wholly and exclusively 
for the purposes of foe trade and 
were deductible. 


The conscious motive of foe 

death of ihe Solicitors; 


Co. Slough: Solicitor of Inland 







Department of Bigmeeriag Science 

University Lecturership in 
Real-Time Computer 

Applications are invited from candidates 
with snoropriate experience m the field of 
The post is associated with a 

Of the Govern me nt’s Matifive in Engineering 
and Technology. The present vacancy is for 
a person who wffl taka responsitmty for 
teaching real-time computer systems, 
parUctrady hardware aspects of 
conventi o nal and novel computer 

The post, which is to be fiHed in October 
1987, may be held in conjunction with a 
tutorial fellowship at Lady Margaret Hafi. 

University Lecturership in 
Civil Engineering 

are invited from candidates 
experience in the field of 
degree cowse at 


Oxford is a general one aBowing 
speciaBsation m the final year. Pref 

corw^ l, ald D ^^^iMtufesf 5<pe,tenC0 

The post, which is to be filled in October 
1987, may be held in conunction with a 
tutorial fellowship at New Coflege. Further 
particulars on both the lecturerships and the 
the tutorial fellowships may be obtained 
from Professor C.P. Wroth, Department of 
Engineering Science, Parks Road, Oxford 
0X1 3PJ, to whom applications should be 
sent together wRh the names and addresses 
of three referees, to arrive no later than IS 
January 1987 

is association with SL John’s College 
Numerical Anaiysis/Eitgifleefing 


AppScatiore are invited for the above post 
tenable from October 1987, which has been 
created as a consequence of the 
Government initiative in Engineering and 
Technology to support the introduction of a 
new Honour School Of Engineering and 
Computing Science from 1986, mounted 
jointly by the Department of Engineering 
Science and the Computing Laboratory. 

The successful candidatB may be offered a 
tutorial felowsltip in Engineering Science at 
SL John’s College for which separate 
application need rut be made. 

Applicants should have research interests in 
numerical analysis and its engineering 
a p pli c ation s , the preferred field being 
computational fluid dynamics. 

Further particulars of the university 
lecturership and associated college 
feflowship may be obtained from Professor 
K.W. Morton, Computing Laboratory. 8-11 
Kebte Road. Oxford. 0X1 300 (telephone 
Oxford (0865) 54141), to whom applications 
(ten typed copies, one from overseas) 
together with CV and the names of three 
referees, should be sent by 24 January 1987 





The Department is undergoing a 
major expansion as a result of the •Shift' 
to Technology Programme. During the 
present session a number of Lectureships 
will become available with the expectation 
that persons appointed will be in post not 
later than September 1987. 


The Department has a worldwide 
reputation for its research in this field. The 
Nanoelectronics Research Centre is a 
formal grouping of staff whose common 
interests involve the exploitation of 
quantum phenomena in devices with 
critical dimensions less than 0.1 urn, 
fabrication, modelling and assessment of 
electronic and optical devices based upon 
M.B.E growth, ultra-fast pulsed optics, 
ultrafine lithography, computer-aided 
design techniques and theoretical studies 
of solid state devices. 

Applications are 
welcome from c 

persons with experience of 
W-V device and circuit design, device 
modelling or low-dimensional device 


Lectureships will support a recent 
Titular Professorial appointment in Power 
Electronic Engineering. The control of 
mechanical motion and electric power by 
electronic means is a burgeoning 
research field in which few University 
Departments are active. This is the 
opportunity to join a new group at its 
Inception with teaching and research 
opportunities of exceptional promise and 
with industrial support for the venture. 

Salary will be on the scale for 
Lecturers within the range £8,020 - 
£15,700 p.a. (currently under review). 
Placement will be according to experience 
and qualifications. 

Further particulars may be 
obtained from the Academic Personnel 
Officer, University of Glasgow, Glasgow 
Cl 2 8QQ, with whom applications (8 
copies), giving the names and addresses 
of tijree referees, should be lodged by 6th 
January, 1987. Applicants wishing to visit 
the Department would be welcome to do 
so by arrangement with Professor John 
Lamb. In reply please quote Ref 5852E. 



The electors intend to elect a Samm 
Lecturer for 1988-9 to deliver a series of 
Theology lectures in support of the 
Christian Faith. Apart from academic 
consideration the only qualification 
required is that lecturers shall be persons 
who profess the Christian Faith. 

Candidates should send' their names; with a 
statement of the lectures which they 
propose to deliver and any further 
explanation which they may think fit to 
oner, in eight copies to the Registrar, to 
arrive not later than 27 February 1987. The 
choice of the electors will not necessarily be 
limited to such candidates. 

The Lecturer will enter office in 
Michaelmas Term 1988 and win be 
requited to deliver eight lectures in the 
academic year 1988-9. His stipend will be 
£2,000, plus travelling and subsistence 
expenses. In addition assistance with the 
cost of printing die lecture may be given. 
Hie lecturer will not be entitled to receive 
any part of bis stipend until be shall have 
submitted the maim script of his lectures in 
a form fit, in the judgement of the electors, 
for publication. 



MA to Attn 

lor practicing arts administrators 
p year tuMfcne or ora day a week tar 2 yeas) 

UA to I tora to ral i lp • Arts AdatintotratloB 
for qualified Bbrarians 

(run m conj u nction wtto the OapUmatw of tntormation Science 
one day a weak lor 2 years) 

MA In Arte MaeMmmot to 

tor those Involved tn tta pr om otion of ate arts in education 
(1 year MMtme or evertngs and Saartay morning s part-time 
lor 2 yean) 

MA to Mm iii A Ornery AdmMetnflan 

lor people wttfi experien ce of management of museums or 
galenes hi toe pubfc or the private sector 
ft year tuWSroe or one day a week tor 2 yean) 

A goo d fret degree or equivalent required wtth several years’ 
experience in trie MO 

Interviews tar MA courses take place from January tn the year 
of amry and appAeanfs are advtsad to submit appficarions as 
soon as 

facades exist tor students to undertake tuee arc h tor the 
degrees of IAPW. and Ph.D. 
ta pwsue thnlr own research may use toe 
Resource Rooms by ar rangement 

Dtotom si Arts f it 

a professional course for graduates wkfi some e xperience in 

(f year fUl-tane Inducing one term on s econdment) 


a number of intensive short cources are offer e d 

Deportment and held m the Barbican p ran Sga s. In 

there s a progra mm e of occasional forums, one-day courses 
and short courses offered In conjtawton vwto — — 

Details can hr obtained from the Department of Arte 
Policy A Management 

The City University. Level 12. Frotxsher Crescent Barbican, 
SRk Street London EC2Y BH8. Please endoee 9x6 seif 






Restoring with loving care 

When it was decided to renovate the 
Houses of Partiament the work was 
entrusted by the Property Services 
Agency, the department responsible for 
all building and conservation work on 
government property, to no fewer than 
17 firms of stone cleaners, wood and 
heraldic restorers. 

Much restoration work is contracted 
out — usually to very small firms or self- 
employed craftsmen. The National 
Trust, for example, while having its own 
sculpture workshop, has also given 
virtually continuous employment to a 
firm of local stonemasons ax Knole in 
Kent for 20 years. Salisbury Cathedral, 
by contrast, has its own workshops, its 
Clerk of Works believing firmly in 
training his own workforce. 

Restoration work demands the utm ost 
in skill and dedication. It most be done 
lovingly and with great patience. Such 
skills were traditionally handed down 
from lather to son. One of the firms 
cleaning the stone at the Houses of 
Parliament has a grandfather, father and 
son in its employ. Are such craftsmen 
now a dying breed? No. text most have as 
much work as they can handle, and few 
have the time to train a new generation 
of restorers. 

Potential apprentices 
face courses dilemma 

This faces youngsters hoping to train 
with a dilemma. Should they chase the 
few scarce apprenticeships or take foll- 

of these^either and there is the usual 
debate among employers as to whether a 
college- trained person has acquired the 
skills that would have been gamed 
through an apprenticeship. 

Given the scarcity of training places, 
however, an aspiring restorer or stone- 
mason may not have much choice — and 
may ha ve to leave home in order to train. 
Outside London traineeships are most 
easily found in areas with a concentra- 
tion of historic houses or in cathedral 
cities. In one craft, stonemasonry, there 
is now an established youth training 
scheme, with trainees being provided 
with a lodgings allowance if necessary, 
and all sent for periods of t rainin g to 
Weymouth College, which specializes in 
stone carving and stonemasonry. 

The atmosphere in the workshops and 
stone yard at Salisbury Cathedral is 
informal, yet at the same time hardwork- 
ing. Roy Spring, the Ctok of Works, is a 
strong believer in traditional apprentice- 
ships, and without relying on any 
training boards, has instituted his own. 

“They do a four-year training here and 
at the end we give them a formal 
certificate, signed by myself and the 
Dean.” Apprentices take relevant City 
and Guilds courses, where available. 
There is no suitable glass work course, he 
says, but apprentices do attend drawing 
classes at the local art schooL His masons 
go to Weymouth. 

Roy’s craftsmen are, he mamtahre ail- 

Conscrvation is an 
age-old skill for 
which demand is 
growing, but Beryl 
Dixon points to a 
training shortfall 

A restorer at work on the fire-damaged 
roof of York Minster 

rounders. Carpenters can turn their hand 
to essential timber and roofing repairs, 
joinery - and carve in wood. At one end 
of the Workshop erne was sawing lengths 
of wood, while another was carving a 
new oak screen for the cathedral interior. 
Masons work on repairs to the exterior, 
carve tombstones and sculpture is die 

Ninety per cent of the cathedral's 
stained glass work is done for other 
places, glaziers restoring precious old 
windows and designing new ones for 
both church and secular diems. They 
often work to particularly tight dead- 
lines. having to finish the piece on time 
while maintaining standards 

Roy rarely needs to advertise. Ap- 
plicants find him. He does believe in 
encouraging interest, and however busy 
he is. will always find time to show keen 
youngsters round the workshops. Then 
it’s up to them. If they want to work for 
him and there is a vacancy, he sms a 
practical test planing a 'surface for 

would-be carpenters: making a flat 
surface on one side of a block of stone for 

masons. . . . . - 

Reg Dudman, too. prefers to train bis 
own employees but also taka people 
with college backgrounds. He owns 
Antique Restorations in west London, a 
small firm specializing in furniture 
restoration, decorative arts and guding. 
He likes to recruit school leavers, who 
must show him something that they have 
made and a portfolio of drawings. He 
f them on for a trial period and sees 
how they settle in. 

They must be interested in fine detail 
and they must have total concentration. 
One lapse, and an original piece is 
ruined. “You can't do this job with a 
nine-to-five mentality”, he says. There is 
a good deal of good-natured banter in the 
workshop; thus it is important thattbe 
three trainees get on well together. They 
are certainly all keen. “We like the 

detailed work” said one. Its real work, 
not sloppy modern art. You feel you 
have achieved something when a piece is 

Most work comes to the workshop but 
Reg is cunentiy engaged on one outside 
job which is demanding. The Victoria 
and Albert Museum recommended him 

Commission for House 
of Lords canopy 

to the Property Service Agency, and he 
has a of workers restoring the 
carved oak canopy around the throne in 
the House of Lords. 

A vast total area of wood is being 
cleaned and re-gilded with some heraldic 
devices on the panelling being repainted. 
Every inch is being restored. It is a big 
job and one which can only be done 
when the Lords are not sitting, which 
means early morning and weekend 

Reg took on three extra staff on a 
contract basis to help with this job, two 
of whom had previously worked full- 
time for him but now prefer to be self- 
employed. They make an interesting 
team, proving that no one academic 
background produces a skilled restorer. 
The three apprentices are sent up from 
the workshop in turn. 

Robert and Kevin don't have an O 
level between them while Ross, who has 
O level art, originally wanted to be a 
sign writer. Of the three employed solely 
for this contract. Sue trained with Reg, 
then left west London when she married, 
Liz did a course in decorative arts at the 
City and Guilds of London Art School 
before working for a while in church 
restoration; Derryn took an MA in art 
history, then put herself through a course 
is cabinet malting at the London College 
of Furniture in order to learn about 
furniture restoring. All now work on a 
freelance basis. 

• Based on a supplement originally 
written for Newscheck, published by the 
Careers and Occupational Information 
Centre of the MSG (c) HXfSO. 

University of Cambridge 
Faculty of History 

University Assistant Lecturer in the field of 
Modem European History to take up appoint- 
ment on I October 1987, or possibly an earlier 
date by arrangement. 

Applications are invited from candidates spec- 
ializing in any area of European History from 
c.1800 to the present, but preferen ce may be 
given to candidates with particular interests 
either in Modern European Economic and 
Soria! History or in the History of Eastern 
Europe (including Russia) in the modern 

The appointment will be for three years, with 
the possibility of reappointment for two years- 
The limit of tenure of a University Assistant 
Lectureship is five years, but aD University 
Assistant Lecturers are considered for possible 
appointment to the office of University Lect- 
urer during the course of their tenure. Scale of 
stipends: £8,505, rising by four annual incre- 
ments to £10,375 pn. 

Further information may be obtained from: 
The Secretary of the Appointments Committee, 
Faculty of History, 

West Road, 

Cambridge CB 3 9 EF 

to whom applications (I I copies) including the 
names of not more than three referees, should 
be sent so as to reach him not later than 16 
January, 1987. No application forms are 


School of Industrial and Business Studies 

in Marketing 

Applications are invited for a Lectureship in 
Marketing in the School of Industrial and 
Business Studies, within the expanding group 
in Marketing and Strategic Management The 
Group teaches a wide range of courses at both 
undergraduate and graduate level and also has 
a very active research programme. Canddates 
should be able to demonstrate potential in both 
teaching aid research. A degree of special- 
isation is encouraged but a broad range of 
interests would be preferred. The appointment 
wffl be made on the Lecturer scale, currently 
£8,020 - £15,700 (under review). 

Application forms and further particulars are 
available from the Registrar, University of 
Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (0203 523627) 
quoting Ref. No. 18/3A/86 (please mark dearly 
on envelope). 

Closing date for appficathms 2nd January 



Research Assistant 

Applications are invited for the vacancy of 
Senior Research Assistant in the Department 
of Mechanical Engineering, to join a team 
working on computer modelling the thermal 
behaviour of communication satellites. The 
team is part of a multi-disciplinary group 
comprising five University engineering 
departments across the UK and co- 
ordinating from the Rutherford Appleton 
Laboratory. The successful candidate will 
ideally bold a postgraduate qualification in 
mechanical engineering, physics, applied 
mathematics or computer science. 

The appointment will be for op to 18 
months from the soonest date that can be 
arranged. The commencing salary will be on 
a scale up to £8,505 per annum, plus 
USS/USDPS benefits. 

Further particulars and application forms 
(2 copies) may be obtained from the 
Personnel Office, University College of 
Swansea, Singleton Park. Swansea, SA2 8PP. 
to which office they should be returned by 
Monday, 12 January, 1987. 


Applications are invited for a Professorship in 
the Department of Economics, following the 
resignation of Professor K.W5. Roberts. Can- 
didates should have an active research interest 
in economic theory. Salary in the Professorial 
range, current minimum £19,010 (under re- 

Applications (3 copies) to: 

The Registrar, 

University of Warwick, 

Coventry CV4 7AL 
(0203 523627) 

from whom further particulars may be obtai- 
No. 18/ A/86 (please mark 

usd, quoting Ret 
dearly on envelope). Cl 
lications is 2nd January 1 

date for app- 


MRC/ESRC Social and 
Applied Psychology Unit 


A research position, tenable for 3 
years, is available within a cross- 
disciplinary team for a graduate in 

The post is open from early 1987, 
but applications for a later start 
from final year doctoral students 
will also be welcome. Salary will be 
paid between £9,495 to £11,790 
per year (under review). 

Further details from Mary Lou 
University of Sheffield, SIO 2TN 
(0742-756600). Closing date 22 
January 1987. 

quote reference no. 
R. 533/A. 

University of London: 
The London School of 
Economics and Political 


lications are invited from 1 October 
1987 to a lectureship in Ancient and 
Medieval Political Thought in the 
Department of Government. 

Appointments will be on the salary scale 
for lecturers of £8,020 to £15,700 a year 
plus £1,297 a year London Allowance 
(under review). In assessing the starting 
salary, consideration will be given to 
qualifications, age and experience. 

Application forms and further particulars 
are available, on receipt of a stamped, 
addressed envelope, from the Assistant 
Secretary, Room H 510. Closing date for 
applications: 16 January 1987. 




Applications are invited for the CHAIR OF 
ECONOMICS which will fall vacant in 
October, 1987. Salary within the professional 

Applications in typescript with the names of 
three referees, should be sent by 3 1 ST 
JANUARY 1987 to the Establishments Officer, 
The University, College Gate, St Andrews. 
Fife, KYI 6 9AJ. from whom further particulars 
will be available shortly 


University of London 


Applicatkiu a re iirviied from persons of appropriate e xp e ri ence 
aid scholarship' for tha fuJUune post 31 professoral Je*cL The 
Institute is bring d ev el oped mm a national centre of cxceitaxg for 

S rese ar ch and studies. The Institute is looking lor aDircaor 
cm give dynamic academic leadership » its expanding work 
and "in the support torn to needed. As the academic and 
administrative head of Use Institute, the Dircera-wflJ be expected 
to provide leadership in the conduct and development of all ns 
activities, indadipg its Ibnhcommg aigaitoni ne* rote m 
promoting and conducting research. The Director will also be 
ci penned to develop «hai to (penny rebutted as London s 
leadmg law li b ra ry, and to strengthen library asn kcs tn support of 
legal research, lairing tail advaptap of new technology. 

Funher details available from: H.F. Patterson, lastitmc oT 
Advanced Lea] Sadies. Cliaries Oore House. 17 RnsseU Square. 
London WCIB 5DR. 

Closing dale fat applications: 16 Januarj 1487. 

University of Bi rmingham 
Department of Transportation 
and Highway Engineering * 


This well established research unit has vacancies for 
Research Associates: 

a) To work with a team studying the crash 
performance of cars in actual collisions. The results 
are used by government and industry in developing 
and evaluating legislation and design for improved 
crash worthiness of current cars. The post requires 
a recent graduate in applied scimms 

h) To work on a TRRL funded contract evaluating 
methodolo gies for pedestrian accident causation 
research. Pre fer e n c e wiD be given to recent 
graduates in applied or behavioural sciences with 
some experience of interviewing. 

A driving licence is required. 
Appointments will be for one year 
in the first instance. 

Salary £7055 - £8505 per annum: Plus U.SJ5- 

For farther particoiars phoae ©21-472 13QL, ext 2559, 
quoting references NoJIZ. No formal application 

form. Three copies of each appfietoioB iododfaig fidl 
carriodmB vitae nod oanriog three referees to 

Assistant Registrar, 

Faculty of Eng ineeri ng, PO Box 163, 
Birmingham, BIS 2TT. by 2 January 1987. 


Our client, a large, 

well -established training _ 

organisation in Saudi Arabia, 
requires for immediate employment 


io join one of che world’s most sophisticated 
naming programmes. Over 400 highly-qualified 
teachers (80 of whom are British) are currently 
contributing to the programme’s success. 

Minimum qualification required is an 
appropriate degree, PGCE or TEFL diploma 
plus 4 years’ relevant teaching experience. 

Indefinite, open-ended contract. Initially, net 
pay is £18$00 PA, variable merit increases 
thereafter, depend on actual performance. 

Superb work, Irving and recreational faciliti es 
Send complete CV and copies ofeertifkatos 
bt&n 20th December 1988 to: Dept T/R9M. 

fooTritment International 

Suite 401, Quebec House 
9 Quebec Street, Leeds LSI ZHA 



Applications from suitably qualified individuals arc 
invited for rhis post in a Department offering a wide 
range of teaching and research oppo nun ties in 
congenial surroundings. No particular subject 
specialism will be preferred. 

For further details, please write to the Personnel 
Office. University or Edinburgh, 63 South Bridge. 
Edinburgh EH1 iLS. 

The dosing dare for applications is 22 December 



institute of mathematics 




S«raary and Registrar is retiring on 3 
March 1 987. As bis successor the Institute 
seeking a suitably qualified person who will 

{ responsible to Council for the implementati 
rtf-rK P ? !? es ' strengthening the national rol 
of the institute and ensuring proper financi 
and administration control. 

The “farywill be within the range 

£20.000 to £25,000 pa 

~r£^c With 3 m tv - “d die names 
Ch ”£i™ ce *- ? r requests for father details, 
should be sent, in confidence, to the Piesidet 

Professor RJ. CfanrcfahosM* 

irtment nf 








HMC fadepes&ut Boarding 
Requires Tor April 1987 


for its thriving department which 
will move into a sew building to be 
- opened in September 1987. 

Full details from: Peter Hobson M-A_ 
Headmaster, Ciggleswkk School, Settle, N. 
Yorkshire, BD24 ODE. 




SALARY - £22,065 - £24,273 

Applicaiions are invited for the post of 
Deputy Comity Treasurer. Application forms 
returnable by 9 January 1987 and further 
information available from 
the Chief Executive, 

County Hall. Dorchester. DTI 1XJ. 


Applications are invited tor the appointment of 



Clerk to the Governors. 

The post will fall vacant at the end of the Summer 
Term-isa/. The person appointed will be required to 
Cate up the Post of Bursar Designate from May 1st 
1987 or earlier. - ■ - 

Clarendon is an independent public boarding and. 
day school for girls. The pupils strength is 270. 
Applicants should tie evangelical Christians with ap- 
propriate qualifications and/or experience. 

Further details and application forms can be ob- 
tained from The Clerk to The Governors, Clarendon 
School, Haynes Park, Bedford, MK45 3BL Tele- 
phone Haynes 234. Closing date tor applications 
January 7th 1987. 



Broaden your horizon by doing your 
A Levels in an international setting 



offers e British education with a French 
flavour. Attractive riverside site In South 
West suburbs. Approximately 600 pupils, 
boys and girls. aged 4-18; 80% British, but 
including 38 other nationalities; mainly day, 
but traditional boarding house and host 
family scheme for full-time and weekly 

For details of courses, scholarships and 
bursaries, contacfc- 

The Headmaster, Alan Uvingstone-SmHh, 
BA, L6sL, The British School of Paris, 38 
Qucu de FEctuse, 78290 Craissy sur- 
Seine, France. 

Telephone: 010 331 39 76 29 00. 

University of London: The London School 
Economics and Political Science 


Applications are invited for appointment/™ 

1 October 1987 to three lectuncshi/™ 
Economics. It is intended that one op* 
will be in the area of development eco 7 1 | cs - 

Appointznem will be on the salary afe tor 
lecturers of £8,020 to £15,700 a I™* . 
£1,297 a year London AIlowant^ u n der 
review), in assessing the startii /sa«y. 
consideration will be given to quaternions, 
age and experience. / 

Application forms and further paR*“*®** 
available, on receipt of a stamps 3t ™rgscd 
envelope, from the AdministrA^ Oncer, 
Room H5I0, The Londor/School of 
Economics, Houghton Street, fhdon WGA 
2AE. Coring date for appiicaiip: IS Jannny 
1987. / 



'Mntwi- Wag Oi-sai ssofi 

Wot» 10.00 on. ate 5 00 dCd 
for Wcnirw. ' 

Independent warding 
School, 24 i boys 11 - 


Examinations and Interviews will be 
11-13 year oft boys in Januar 
Scholarships of value up to £2,000 p~a 

We encourage scademic excellence, ci 
cn ted by strong pasloral care, a wide v 
sports and outstanding Outdoor Purs 
ortunities in Snowdonia. 

Fbr further details, please write 

■ The Headmaster, 

St David's College, 


North Wales 

(Tel 0492 75974) 


COL^GE, oxford 

p^d-Term Fellowship 
(or Lectureship) 

: - in Classics 

j a E Haigh Fellowship) 

TO^ollegB proposes to elect a teaching 
j jUsr .{or Lecturer) in Classics with 
(ft from l October 1987. The holder of 
h post will be expected to share the 
Aching of Greek and Latin language and 
Terature with the Praelector in Classics 
/hose main interests lie in Greek, and 
[accordingly the College is likely to prefer 
/ a candidate whose research interests tie 
f chiefly in Latin language and literature. 
The Fellowship (or Lectuerahip) will be 
Kmrted to five years with no possibility of 
extension. The salary will be on .the 
Oxford University Lecturer scale. The 
College hopes to elect someone under the 
age of 35 but win exercise flexibility in 
the case of candidates with interrupted 
academic careers. Application forms and 
further particulars are obtainable from 
the President's Secretary, Corpus Cbristi 
College, Oxford QXl 4JF, to whom 
applications must be submitted before 31 
January 19871 

The College plans to change its Statutes 
in order to permit the election of a Fellow 
on the above terms. Should permission to 
change the Statutes in this way not be 
forthcoming fay 1 October 1987, the 
successful applicant will have the title of 
Lecturer aria will not become a member 
of the Governing Body until such time as 
the Statutes have been changed. Salary 
and other conditions will be unaffected. 


Gerald Averay 
Wainwright Research 
Fellowship in Near 
Eastern Archaeology 

The Board of Management of the Gerald 
Averay Wainwright Near Eastern 
Archaeological Fond proposes to appoint from 
1 October 1987 a Fellow to carry out research 
into the non-classical archaeology of any 
country or countries of North Africa and die 
Near East (from Morocco to Afghanistan). The 
stipend of the post will be £7,000 a year with 
an .additional allowance available for travel 
and research of upto~£2#0Ua year. A FeUow 
may be appointed for up to .three years. - _ . 
Further particulars may be obtained from the 
Registrar, University Offices, Wellington 
Square, Oxford OX1 2JD, by whom 
ajfolications (nine copies, two from candidates 
abroad), naming two referees, but without 
testimonials, should be received not later than 
20 February 1987. 

Exed-Terin Fellowship (or 
Lecturership) in English 

The College proposes to elect a teaching 
Fellow (or Lecturer) in English with effect 
from 1 October 1987; The holder of the 
post will be required to teach old English,. 
Middle English and the History., of The 
English Language. The Fellowship (or 
Lecturership) wm be limited to five years 
with no possibility of extension. The 
salary wtif be oti. the Oxford University 
Lecturer scale. The College hopes to elect 
someone under the age of 35 but will 
exercise flexibility in the case of 
candidates with interrupted academic 
careers. Application forms and further 
particulars are obtainable from the 
President's Secretary, Corpus Cbristi ' 
College, Oxford 0X1 4JF, to whom 
applications must-be submitted before 31 
January 1987. • 

The Cdlege. plans to change its Statutes 
'in order to permit the election of a Fellow 
on. the above terms. Should permission to 
change the Statutes in this way not be 
forthcoming by 1 October 1987, the 
successful applicant wtil have the title of 
Lecturer, and will not become a member 
of the Governing Body until such tune as 
the Statutes have been changed! Salary 
and other conditions win be unaffected. 

and B l SINLSS ST'i i>i;;s 

&' . 9 } HOI.ROKN SCHOOL 01 l.AU 

n; * 4 

IXB? BSc(Econ)? 

Three Tfear Degree Courses in 
Law ■ Accountancy * Management • Banking 
Entry: LLB-30's&2!A£ Grade D (E-in 1967) 


One Year Courses start each October and 
18 month courses start in April 

i’dt nn'.'nu hvl!\ : y uUi:;- -.'i l uli-Unu;, i‘;-.rt-ucr»' 
^nd C.r:o.-pt.r.,l,-.u-c 

-X- r.f'r'y to 'h..' Ui'di.dr:;r. li^i iK pl'if. i> 
p&fj K<1. i-ml-n VV1 V HKV l^~ 






The School of Law of the University of East 
Anglia has two postgraduate studentships to 
offer in 1987, They are fortbe LLM (a one 
year research degree) and cover full fees and 
a basic maintenance allowance correspond- 
ing to the current rate for DES and/ 
Research Council awards. 

in Law or in a related subject Any law- 
based area of research will be considered, 
provided that there are academic staff 
available to supervise. ... 

For further information and an application 
form write to the' Assistant Registrar, School 
of Law, University of. East Amdia, 
University Plain, Norwich NR4 TTJ. 
Telephone 06Q3 5616L 

Closing date 31st Jaoaarv 1987 


Th* oldest and most experienced Tutorial Collage 
in London. " 

. . A tew places toft In' some, subjects. 

For ' Prospectus: 

103 Greet Russell Street London WC1B 3LA 
Telephone: 01-500 4670 (24 hours) 


Coarses in; 

General and Technical Translation 
Proficiency English 

Commercial Negotiation in English 
Courses sun in January 1987. . 

For details and prospectus contact: 

LSTS, University of JLoodoa Union 
Malet Street, London WOE 7HY 
Teh 01-580 6740 
01-323 3210 


The demand tor the trained men or women Chiropodist in toe 
imate sector « tocra ns ifl. Matt of toe trttreig necessary to 
cpsBty tor a octane et crWopody may be taken at home by very 

fnXn fa p. You ere 

we ttnoni foiowwJ by lul pn jsi fcd 
n write tor the free booklet from 




2 tern dUona cowse ratting 
■fenaty 1987 

and 1 torn mensae smttarid 
coma Jsl /tori and 
3 term exaeutn* ucnoral cause 
Sqnentmr 1967 

P#rtt Lara. London mY3K 
Teh 01-029 29M 

Die Sctooi of Serdcal Ch fco podv . 
Tbe 9ME Uraltult ffaraMbMltlS) 
The New H*e (Dm. TTn • 

Bath Road. Mradeitoearl ftertes. SL£ OLA 
Tafc (0 629) 21100 (MNmI (0828] 32440 


Mean 3 faB venaS work 
before (tow conne 
applies tira. Places available 
for Anil 1987. FuU drafts 

school wart 

“ V.j0l-«»39«1 „ 

Three week worse* in Flower 
Ar ranging rad Ronsryfedd 
ihraubomihe year. 

Two day courses also 

Please ring: 

11-03 tm for fcifadtfs. 
6 Brm> Strati, 

, Lra*wWIX7*C. 

ST. noows rs QAte London. 
Smra n M. Bwawe and un- 
ouapr Courses. Wow Processor 
TTaWnB- Engw tor Overseas 
Stud ent s. Restoenr mm Oav Stu- 
dents. The Regianr (TO. a 
ArtcwrMM TtoML LmOon NWS 
fiAD. 1% 01-4SS 9831. 

iw ouagrs hohtmui. 

Ooaeae. aa-a* ■ qu muom ■ g 

Place.' London 8W7 - zos. 
Please write or Mohm tor 
Broroecius. 01889 sees 
or 01-681 8331 

w a r orrasrvE Twm * 

**cetnJUB-U me a tor Beouraen 
B Jan a Fen. Mn pnmxl 
Lanemm Seaetai la t ColMge 
rmiSOunrovenSLAuK Lane 
London WIY3FE 01-629 S90W 




£6,800 - £7,600 

A secretary is required for the Head of a busy examinations department. 
Good typing and shorthand skills will be needed (RSA II and 100 wpm) 
for this responsible position. There will be involvement with committee 
work in addition to the examinations. Ability to deal with candidates 
queries on the telephone, in writing and personally will be required. 
Word processing experience would be an advantage. 

The College is situated in Regents Park and the nearest underground is 
Baker Street. The working conditions arc excellent and include flexible 
working hours, free lunches and season ticket loan. 

For details and an application form please write or telephone: 

Mrs Simmonds at R.C.O.G., 

27 Sussex Place, Regents Park, London NW1 4RG- 
Telephone 01 262 5425 ext 223. 


Requires an assistant secretary for general hotel 
correspondence. Good accurate typing essential 
and also the ubiGty to work on own initiative. 
The position would suit a good college leaver: 
Very good working conditions, free meals 
provided whilst on duty. 

Please telephone 01-491 0543. 

No agencies. 


The Children's Boofc P uM ii h c n arc looking for 
an experienced aod fkaubie 

An inquisitive and 
enthusiastic ' secretary 
required ' ■ for the 
information department 
of a large international 
company. As well as 
secretarial duties (90/50) 
than in mvotvenient in 
collecting and collating 
information sod plenty A 
telephone liarion. 


who can produce rood food «hh variety with! 
cuerai for approx 40 naffand jnens - in iheir I 
. offices. Khches on promises. 

Pfcasc wme witli CV uj: 

Corinne Fins, Walkers Books Ltd, 
184 - 192 DrammoiKl Street, 
London NWl 3HP. 

reran COOK required to 
worti to an office from 7JOm 
. hi Bom ano ra p— e the ooca- 
*oo*l Dmnr Party, a yoa 
wmas NMero work in ■ inmaiy 
raaospticre W«n a salary of 
57 ooo pm oantnet Joanna 
Praam on <n aeaa 

^COMinV (STATU Inin Prop- 
r»l» t.wnpdnv in iron ul 
Unljlr .r. PA to a thjmttnq 

* wntwr hp n imniirii m ihr 
^ ulr ra rounirr mijin ana mr 
— ii'idopni.'M <ntn and to 

• mh p l.irHiiii'A Vnu will nr Irn 10 
run llvr oidtr dnrt Ml itlm 

siirlk wilti nip [tow Cund 
ikiH >nw> UKKirundi 4<«> 2>> 
K in r OHM* Phonr 5H3 
IrtW Mrtnlrfti Son I 


^ Alton "iMI.inv Wlfn «T ‘■MU' l» 

. mmi US inn laadmti maul eras 
, pmi r«i carrv nil a ptmuiiH 
rvre-iJ lunrlufi luirrv:n<i mil a 

un.: pi.einunmUM ruh- 
tin mil Ik- (I'jun-JW- for a 
' •■■vlr T.dPK «tl acllnlm. Skills. 
“ •nvCd'.IMi SutalV t CIUW 

* is: s> mills. I tv imuunh-Rt 

■ eiilp.nllaurs . Dl u^T nW3 
WlMCIKi M tt CTII B Mitfi 

- rural -.nir itf tiunamr and 
_ Kiitiui in Jd pxltemi-lj- 

Mtnslul h l bjra— 1 -VUrrlrjno 
.Vrivi is lunsun tor a vn 
■anrur Pl/vr smlli nrovi-n 
wietanal -hills bnnnw v.«tt 

alu-rliulKi.T'H nmintiUM 
sui ri.ll iro Brw toman 

- O t.ii id dt KJ Ua»lnrih >R-r 

■ CrtN no Ito WJ 

■ ADMIN SCC nnSH Two atlmln 
, vr-i iiuwrra to KMirk far Dree 

mr- of Martin h m n Co. 
. tswdWCJ lnlne« 
pro sniuan Aqr » » mn 
~ iiacn'Aj SslUl rureuml Damn. 

' Call -LVi TPOI Ihiti Until or 

* JT-r 9«OtaisisrCR£T ABES 

* PUS The Secretarial 

* CmroUloMi 

k Irr PH ana «■> not Wm 

■ TPi-f'nnnPd!’ H Win be. wflti thn 

■ tmpium 1 ClMliTit Ornwrluoi- 

* im tint for u urfolil umr 
, muirtrtl Sec Help auuifajit 
. ttipiT rxcvumi rrouUfMn unn 

sum nmd SH/UO iM/jO 1 . 

■ ami .»i Shflld «P. IMS 

■ MalWIianr Her Coos 

SR NAsioowt unrrimiiwn 

* im a (irafi-.-uaiul PA. namumu 
ftntfilv ■'omitiriiiiai i'*wi nialieri 
ii- Hits ill 
fti-.ur ir'.irT Urts of insulsc- 
uni!. iPW-ofionp sttHk oft LrrUI 
■ -.p-iii-ikc uvtiil. iwf esanuul 

. ►ru-lli-iil K-ptrm 'UmrtMiwI 
iprfim -hr vs - £5 Ph-ov H4 
, Ol Jlto Tito Wnrf Shop 
«CNf0» mCNCN S£C w Dmvmr 
. mi rrnmnnl Vs) ru t»- 
. ■•! 1 -mil JtnUty 
I.. v.nrl invlcr pmnin- 
KI--IS -ul dlnl WP WJIh ft*- 
>|u.. ti Vln Jim-ST PkIj* 
ii. . i ' tx*.’ + ra «tdsi huLs 
np-nu's tnro -W% itw Lon 
qu.-.n' SpsWWti on t*J Wfr 

SEC. NO ML Unit Ktotyri Cily 
U.n* » nt rnonoau- 

nen-s Via»r Brs-nimnuMOS > 1 £*l 

Amr gauxky m maytair. 

Srr/P4 slU'ISP OlrtprrdMv. 

vi Jh Puuit Sth EC Flrsddr 

tfUTdchn- LHi of insult nttenl 
Totoranl pnrvinatos London 
Unm SaUn 11 SCO to 

£10.000 AdP 2SphK CaUMn 
Hi .-.’ntmc Ot 222 Sooi. Isor 
■nd Slime Prvmnrt Vtskts 
• Opn Si jjinr.'v Pork tuw 

svuti mi err for d raw n and a 
non- tor people wtu Bntvr to 
PubHc R«U Irani Break tow PR 
at toe £8.500 ■ £0.000 now. 
bdersle+n before \rnra contact 
us wow as Oosent Carden Bu- 
reau. no Fleet si. CCa. » 

nSCANCHCR -« knots Icshto 
I to- Buwnrv. uoru aM an on 
qurriM itu mi air* pre leciuuln 
lot tor- unirstul poriDnn Vslto 
ill (In-. nur.nrntnttl 
amwlunri sou util ciirrs out 
munh inln ccnuunv adni 
th-s aiut i-ri-rtffls.- Inncloins 
Kevtkoara ui 2 v retj'Tf. salary: c 
£lt OOP pa. Ssisrro-.. toe rc 
cruitmeni (■msaKaocv. □! 657 

COLLCeK UEAVOt US 500 lr» 
dtoonal U erhrhn Strut, dub 
■W+kl w pH - educated imioq (tor 
son. A hMP duabts IW«b 
imrtim iHm duurs Mus 
protect ivncR ana assn carre- 
wmdrtuc. No ihortlUM 
muurpd. Accurate ivpotq re 
quinled. iW 18 * fHMse 
letcpiwnroi to»37HT Cordon 
idn CamulUfKy. 

Shtmity wlh pertod udan 
and ssrtltrn Gerraan i* CM/ 
German 9'nandi needed lar 
leaBOMi Mnrfsanl Bank. Eacl!- 
1119 fewer les-M k* £ 11,000 + 
Ireetares * rn ortoat ie uibudi' ♦ 
bun in rv Please roU 

01 aob aw 

PA lor Prtmeru ct> up id 
CIO. SOD C.S+ TfUaSt+s pn+li 
•prnr- Maslair ro jtc leief? a 
PA to toe Sw Partner If you 
hasp 5/H and Mite skins, ham 
charm, a sane ol bonmir ana 
liknlo vtoTX on Stmt own innu- 
Ine torn con Ttwru on 754 
732.’, Kinraiand rervinttef 

cm WPOPCI'i RSO A rwnleoaJ 
peesen wiiD IBM Drain wrlWT 
esp kHI be S l rtWf or aflema- 
listfv a Irruf who tan bn cross 
trained CKy film, soimg de 
part meal when' yew cun werr 
diner <»30-S.SO or 106. Oil: 
Uary a 5 7 soil Eautnov Lead 

FMNCft ■ B46MM pa w 

Sdiei admiD £10.000. Ms IO 
I jTKjmor -flail AOS aSS-BW. 


SH HMSWiKtW MsdtTe v?J 000 

Umov suii a« ifis-w);? 





Our Marketing Services Executive has a demanding and highly 
specialist rote, with responsibility for the administration of a 
number of Committees within the marketing field of 
Independent Television. 

Working as her Secretary is a challenging rote, and to provide 
the high level of support needed you should be educated to *A’ 
level standard, numerate, and have good, accurate shorthand/ 
typing skills - min. 90/50 w.p.zn. You should also be capable of 
using your initiative, have an excellent telephone maimer, and 
at least one year’s experience in a broadcasting or business 

Salary will be in accordance with age and experience. 

if you would like to apply, please write, enclosing your 
curriculum vitae; to:- 

Tbe Personnel Officer, 

Independent Television 

Companies Association LtiL, 1 ^ 

Knighton House, ln| 

56 Mortimer Street, 

WIN 8 AN. 






This highly prest- 
igious GaOery requires 
a young secretary fPA 
to «nk for a bead or a 
new department- This 
is a very busy job in a 
hmif Bid 

will need excellent 
secretarial skills 
together with M pnii - 
aiional flair and a 
great deal of 
p a rien ce G ) in order u> 
cope. Salary £8^00 + 
bee lunch. 

of Bond St. 


i «>5 SlI wWm f piW/ 

A highly successful 
West End advertising- 
agency obviously ap- 
preciates that 
appearances count. 
They abo know that 
appearances are not 
everything so they are 
looking for a sophis- 
ticated well spoken, 
thoroughly experienced 
receptionist who will be 
devoted to looking after 
their v isito r s, booking 
hotels, flight* hr 
their executives and 
certainly not being 
troubled by a switch- 
board. Age 25-35. 

of Bond St. 

Rvcnunwil Cmmmi 



V duties is this 

5*ing near The 

booking con- 

You k 
log C 

amt irmying 


Id base s su- 
‘fence and 






1“ Hclnde 


5 Age 



k Been, 


Ul 2,000 

The splendid view over 
Hyde Park from the 
beautiful offices of this 
property company 
speoiEug in luxurious 
homes is only one of the 
attractions of working for 
xbdr Managing Distcior. 
They offer 5 weeks’ 
holiday, free touches and 
as interning and 
rewarding job. This is a 
true PA role for an 
ongnised person- Skills 
90/55. Age 30*-- 



this friendly young 
company wish 
modern offices in 
wcuki vdauae JOBW™* 
with a bright and outgoing 
personality to help took 
after a group of interesting 
and well-known diems 
and act as team 
administrator. Admin. 
rictQs are important, but 
good 60 wpm typing and 
w.p. experience are 
e ss en tia l. Profit s haring 
y [ i ginp mud ggj&y |CVUfW 

in ApriL Age 2I+. 




Independent Television 
Companies Association 

Staff hurodncWKs 
TEL: 01-486 6951 

Shff bmdsdi fl si 
TEL: 01-488 6851 

Checklist for 
choosy temporaries. 

Does your present agency offer: 

■Free word processI n g/SeciBtatid ■ Life insurance? 

software training? ■ Refena! bonuses? 

■ Paid holidays? ■ Recognition far 

■ Paid Balk Holidays? goodperfcxmance? 

If you' Ve answered “no" even once, if s time you checked into Manpower 
We offer ail the above and mote. 

Call us now. 

©MANPOWER Tel: 225 0505 

Staff Specialists 

24 fiour onwering seance 





Career opportunity for energetic AdmMstrator/PA with 
interest in current affaire to assist a sflial team of 
consultants specialising in national and international 
affaire. A high standard of basic secretarial and WP strife is 
required wwi a flotibte and professional approach for this 
varied and intere s ting post. The succanftti c a nd Mi te 
would gain experience In doling with Ministries, 
Parkamentart a n s Of both Houses and senior ndustriatats. 
Languages an advantage. 

Applications in writing enclosing a detafled CV to: 
Geraldine I’Anson 
Managing Director 

Westmi ns ter 4 wh 'uhafl Consultants 
25 Victoria Street 
London SW1H QEX 

Dream Yachts 


Our dient designs some of the best soil and motor 
yachts in the world And every rune one is launched, 
the whole company goes along to celebrate — be it 
in Holland. Japan. Brighton ! A really super com- 
pany where the offices are stunning, the Cbpucuno 
coffee flows with the champagne and the product is 
sheer artistry itself. Well-educated hard-working 
team pfayer? Accurate skills (B0/50J? Coll now. 
01 4934466. 




This is an excellent opening for a lively; 
high-flying go-getter The company is a 
large Mayfeir based hotel group. As PA to 
their General Manager you will organise 
and attend VIP functions, dealing with 
top-level businessmen from all over the 
world. Personality style and the ability to 
communicate at all levels, is essential. 
Skills 80/60. Age 23+ . Please telephone 


Rccfuk mcnr Cowuiwb 



J oin in this well eatabGshad market research 
ronsuhnney. TTjey km a number of 
interesting consum e r name efienta and seek a 
secretary to their m an a ging director. Exc el l ent 
benefits indude large bonus and salary review 
after 6 months. 50 wpm typing ability and WP 
experience needed. Please tokphonc 014*0 ant. 

• Elizabeth Hunt • 

Recr u itment Consultants 

. 2-3 Bedford Street London WC2 

The Letting Agent 



Piccadilly Salary Neg AAE 

We are an international company looking for 
a calm, flexible lady with excellent skids, 
com monsense and a sense of humour. 

Responsible to the Director and Chief Buyer 
the duties are varied and day to day running 
of the office will be left entirely to you. 

Call Mr El Tanani 491 0770. 

Judy Farquharson Limited 

47 New Bond Street. London. W1Y SHA. 

PA TO £12,000 - SURREY 

Itasy MD needs unflustered and mature PA/ secretary 
to hold the fort An eye for detafl, initiative, refiabifty 





Whfc smD office hi Hofoore needs flexible seoHWaiy/ 

affanialo m o f Bi fR y alfiiiw ieowi nd h mifU 

executives. High saluyfor up skills, at leas one enrepean 
ta n goag. and a tease of fatmonr. 

Reply tb BOX C17 The fines, 

1 Vkmia Street, Leadao El 9DD. 

Self reliant Letting i 
Hampstead H.O. 

istrator required m our 
capable of taki 

are locking for a mature and intelligent 
personality, with an eye for detail and 
administrative efficiency. Audio required - 
computer/WP experience an asset £9,000 +. 
Call Chris Mercer 
on 01 435 8315 


Secretary to Director of Prodnct i oa Department. Good 
typwg/sbonhand and WanrWP experience required- Pteasaa 
tdephone manner and lots of admin. Age over 25. 

For farther details caO Saadra New on 01 493 6S8» 
_ or write with C.V. to: 

Eerr-McGee 03 (UK) Pic. 

75 David Street London W1Y 1FA 


c. £ 9,000 a 3 jb . 

As seoBtaty to the Manager 
and team of a new depart- 
ment in a major international 

Management Consultancy 
You wifl be educated to 07 
‘A’ level standard. Minimum 
Of 2 years secretarial exper- 
ience and excellent typing 
are essential to keep up in 
tms busy department. Lots 
of tnvohoment at afl levels 
and the chance to embark 
upon a career. Early 20 s 
(rec cons). 

01-589 4422 



This expanding firm is 
seeking a poised and 
professional receptionist 
®g*d 18-30 who would 
f a j°y working. In 
Jmixesaive sdrrotmaingB to 

N“. typing required though 
3w1tc bbaard and previous 
experience in reception 
essential. Excellent 
b enefi ts include paid 
overtime, Christinas bonus, 
life msurmxe and £1 put 

PA (W SR) 

£ 11,000 package 

wiU be jjtf ora of your 

respcxwiiftiBS whan you M" 
the agency pa itn w of a 
prestigious property fiim. 
TbtS darning g entic ma i 
you organise Us hectic 

scherWe. you mtt toso run 
the department Highly social 
envsunmen! for (he 
sophisticated secretoy with 
sound auto sidfr. 

Cal 283 1555 

IBM 8100 

£7.00 per hour 

for tang-term assignment 
City finance House. 

Excellent conditions. 

Friendly loan of people. 

Earn £250 per week. Until 
Easier if you like. CaH 
Rec Cons 01 -621 9363.7 



Soper Secretary 

eii /m -n2jm 

(25 to 36) weB spokan wltfi 
Bhortfrand. needed tor 
Ctiakmaa Also- secretary at 
£8.000 - E9D00. 

18B Breopfu Rd, SW3 1HW. 
61-681 test 


Property Co. Customer twin, 
guided mure. Interested? Ratter 
Snails at 

C o fr fl Mrtxt u r Sec An 
on 01-488 0007/0695 

Social PA 

£ 11,000 

Our client*, an expanding company of 
management consultants require a profes- 
sional confident PA In this diverse and 
involving role, you will assist 2 young t 
Directors, co-ordinating personnel services and 
entertaining clients. You must be outgoing and , 
socially confident with excellent skills (90 60) 
and the ability to communicate at all levels. 
Age 24+. Please telephone 01-409 1232. 

■ Rmuihnmt Consultant.- ■■■■■ 

Secretary / P.A. 

Salary c. £ 10,000 
+ Excellent Benefits , Age 25 Plus 

required for leading international Executive 
Search Consultants. Working in prestigious 
new offices for the Director of Administration, 
the successful applicant must have accurate 
typing and audio skills, and preferably WP 
expenence. The responsibilities are wide 
ranging and the appbeant must be flexible, 
well or g a ni s ed ana personable. Apply in 
writing, enclosing C.V. to: 

Administration Haug ig 
24 St. James's Square 
London SWlY 4 HZ 
Tel: 01 839 7788 


Director/ GM of t 
vital is BOT H la 
enviromnem. in i 

3Q TH languages. Busy job in super friendly 

Call Karya on 408 1631. 


Needs a junior secretary for bosy Press office- Good 
shorthand/typiiu essential and w.p. experience . 
useful. Salary c. £7,500.00 pA 
Am writs witkjhn cv. rad dmytime 'phome mo. tae- 
Iwfrt Stott, hmnwl Officer, 

Sky CfcaBHd, 31-36 Foley SL, Landee W1P 7LB. 


in TjmAm waste no. 2 in secretarial 
department. O pp ort u nity hr numerate secretary 
with top skills to acquire computer experience in 
other ffisczptine - one European ton pmgp an 
advantage, a sense of humour » an essential. 
Reply to BOX C23 The Tines. 

1 Virginia Street, loude n El 9DD 



PA/AtsfeVt to young 
Mbnagng Dncar of the 
town praayw s 
Hamwnl comeany. 
Tool nwSwmfre m P.fL 
ptas sacal erencs Stperb 
prasm&aon. 90/55 worn 
+ BKCaOlt DBAS. 



Sanut. raid Xt-i wnB US as&o 
aod pood ink tend H be njh>- 
to »d ta» fa ntoani kW tartarr 
at Eirrw cmifBV). Ldvch offices 
and kktous Iwrtis. 

ia. till Rsbcru. 

aiteting Madness 


•Mpu have initiative, diplomat and excellent 
• ^ nniraii nn skills? Then our clients, a large 
group, vfould like to hear from you. 
with their Marketing Team you will be 
^^lith people at all levels, h a n dli ng special 
^Mand supervising junior staff. Lots of 
superb benefits. Some shorthand and 
requeued. Ass 23+. Please 
-elephodM^oq 1232. 

Brcnhtnwn! CmruiUnt 1 - NMNNi 

HA/E moved 

31/37 tursitor Street, 

1 (off) Crencery Lane, 
LondoriEC4A 1LT 

01-4C4 4434 


Top ^secretary required tx trie General Manager 

Skfflsajqirir«J typing niHrinam 50wpm, sh orth a nd 
[ninmt n iQO w pm. Wo rd processing proficiency. TOs 
is a shiating position for an expenenced person with 
jwgh cretahaf strife accustomed to vrotfctog on own 

PleaswrttH saving fun work record, indudme satenee 

etc. 1 _••• - 

Persmel (M.H.), Waft Dtatey Animation 
[UK) Ltd. 31-32 Soho Square, 
f London, W1V 6AP 


eiD .000 neg. 

.1 . _ -T. . . • 

£ 10,000 neg. 

ArdiiacteiN Practice to bo re sp on si ble 
a team of 4. The ideal 

£10,000 pa 

to partner, PJcacfifly 
Chartered Accountants 
typing 65 wpm. smart, efficient 
5-35, no accounts typing, own office 

efc 01-930 1933 refcSSS. 





01-734 6652 

£ 10,088 

For MD of Advertising 
Group. Age 23-30. Surt 

weS educated person 
with organising abWJy- 

Fteroy Staff Bureau 



well paid post in the Gulf. 

Super jobs like ih«e snapped up fest so 
don’t delay call today. 


Recruitment Consultant! 



' SALES £10,500 

The Director of UK sales for this international wine 
and spin i company needs someone who is outgoing, 
used to pressure and able to deal with any situation 
calmly and efficiently. Skills 1 00/60 and WP essential 


This leading UK software house seeks a sec retary w ith 
administrative experience for their disorganised 
Commercial Director. You will be very involved in all 
projects and liaise with VIP’s. Sense of humour 
esscnliaL 50 wpm oping and WP skills essential. 

please telephone: 01 “499 8070 
87 New Bond Street London W.1 . 


it vL 


£10,000 + 

Jom the globe-trotting set in this V7P company 
Based m superb offices in the heart of etegan : 
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Bright, inteOigExzt young person to work with three 
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PA/tcc. atoy 20 *. S 0 / 5 a (Engtoli 
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for small Tnendty ofhea Common 
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01 581 0*25 


Royal Opera House 


The Royal Opera House Trust is 
inviting applications for the post of 



of the Trust which will shortly become vacant.. . 

The Trust was set up in 1974 both to 
find sponsors for new productions and other 
activities and to provide a General Fund for 
the Theatre. As an essential member of the 
Marketing Team at Cavern Gaiden the 
Organising Director reports to the General 
Director of the Royal Opera House and 
receives guidance and assistance from the 
Board of Trustees through whom access to all 
necessary contacts is obtained. An ability to 
relate well to people at the highest level in 
business and commerce is essential together 
with previous experience in this field. 

Salary will be by negotiation. 

Applications with C.V. should be sent by 
Monday. December 22nd to Richard Wright, 
Director of Administration, 

Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, 

London WC2E 9DD. 




Requires the services of 
a Research Assistant. A 
knowledge ol typing and 
™story would be an 
advantage, training wfli 
begwen. Please apply in 

wnnng. enclosing tiki CV 
and contact tetepnone 
number, to 

Broke’s Pe e r ag e 
. tatemattonaJ lid, 

12 Rtafcea Street 
London SW6 


Cmr Basra Intemalioml Con 
i mitral firm w,w bright -mn 

•nrrgrtit individual lor tarin) 
KhWKm duties. Offlro emtri 
required, some urnerdly' 
Professional demeanour and 
appe arances must, non smoker 

Prr.fnrat Luxury mitrora 

mem. good saury. Hours 3pm. 
rpm call Min Ledbetter ao 
ST4 **22. No Aqn*de* 





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North’s Only few enhance their 

'eJS y reputations in 
in fiiii London’s hollow victory 


in full 

By Michael Stevenson 

North «e 

South-West. 12 

Memories of the North’s dis- 
appointing showing last year 
faded at Blundellsands on Sat- 
“■“* w here they contributed 
sufficient creative back play to 
beat the South West by a gn»i a 
tiy and two penalties to two 

Three factors above all must 
nave worried the England selec- 
tors; the speed with which the 
North s pack, apart from Peter 

Wmtcrboitom and Simon Tip- 
ping, faded in the second half, 
Uie tactical ineptitude of the 
South West and the fen that 
Richard Hill was warned twice 
by the referee in the fust 20 

His finn offence was fora fete, 
high and mean tackle on Rob 
Andrew. Equally worrying was 
the fact, with his pack banering 
at the North’s line in the final 
quarter, he still unaccountably 
chose to work back row moves 
close to the set pieces, rather 
than spinning the ball wide. 

Among those to enhance their 
reputations were. Will Carling 
and Dave Holmes in the North, 
apart from the explosive talents 
of their experienced wings, Mike 
Harrison and Rory Underwood. 
It was interesting to note that 
without the constructive and 
unselfish skill of his Yorkshire 
colleague. Peter Buckion. who is 
one or the quickest pickers-up 
and distributors among flank- 
ers, Peter Wintetbonom seemed 
to revert to his former defensive 

Naive defence allowed the 
North an early try, when 
Holmes strolled around the 
blind&ide unopposed to score 
and Andrew to convert; they 
went further ahead, when 
Carling's half-break and lobbed 
pass unleashed Underwood on a 
thrilling SO yard nm.Nick 
Mas! in come on to the field to 
joioedtbe South West back row 
and their fortunes improved 
when Simon H alii day set up an 
attacking position with a fierce 
crash-ball run. 

The ball was driven to the 
North's line but an ambitious 
pass back by Steve Peters was 
thankfully received on the 
bounce by Tony Swift, who 
scored under the posts for Stuart 
Barnes to convert. Jon Webb 
converted the South West's 
second try, scored, by Chris 
Martin. The only other second 
half points came from penalties 
by Andrew and Graham Jemon 
to earn the North an easy 

Andrew sustained an iqjuiy, 
which proved not too serious, 
late in the match He suffered a 
“dead leg" but he. will almost 
certainly be recovered, in time 
for next Saturday’s divisional 

SCORERS; Norite Trio: Holmes. Under- 
wood. Co m m »k >n: Andrew. P e n eld e r 
Andrew. Jeruon. South- West Trie*; Swift, 
Martin. Conversions: Barnes, Webb. 
NORTH; Q Janon filial: M Hantaan 
(Captain, Wakefield). K Stares (Wasps), W 
Carina (Durham Unw), R Underwood 
(LekcastflT); R Anrtow (Wasps, sub: 
Stabler). D llalme s (SiwfneW): M 
Whitcomb* (Bedford). M Fenwick (Dur- 
ham City). S Paters (Wnffirioo). S TIpptaa 
(Sate). W Dooley (Fykle). j P Syd& t 
{Waterloo). P WMutattom (Headtngteyl, 


By David Hands * 

Rugby Correspondent • 

London 13 

Midlands r -„ 9 

The Duke of Wellington, 
upon receiving a new draft of 
troops for the Peninsular war, 
is reputed to have said: “1 
don’t know what effect they 
will have on the enemy but by 
God, they frighten me." The 
same thought may have 
passed through the minds of 
England's selectors after this 
disappointing match at Sud- 
bury on Saturday, particularly 
since there was a French 
presence in the shape of a 
refereeing delegation over for 
the Five Nations champion- 
ship meeting. 

The Midlands, last season’s 
Thorn EMI divisional cham- 
pions, lost their opening en- 
counter by a try and three 
penalty goals to three pen- 
alties; they trailed throughout 
the match, constantly hinting 
at a control they never 
achieved, and at a plan with 
too many loose ends. 

On a fine bright day. with 
not a hint of wind, and the 
going soft but not slippery, 
both sides became bogged 
down in a morass of mediocre 
equality. If the Midlands had a 
slight advantage at the lineoui 
it was more than erased by the 
destructive power of the 
Wasps front row, and the two 
sets of loose forwards can- 
celled each other out. No 
personality emerged among 
the backs save for the odd 
flicker from Moon, a break 
from Cusworth which de- 
served well, and the little 
touch of finesse from Simon 
Smith, Richmond's stand-off 

Dodge out 
with finger 

halt which led to the game's 
only try. 

At least London had the 
satisfaction of a win against 
opponents who depri vedthem 
of the divisional ride a year 
ago. They will restore Col- 
dough to the side against the 
South-West next Saturday, 
having lost him on Saturday 
morning because of the birth 
of his second daughter. The 
only other rhnny to their 
squad will be the introduction 
among the replacements of 
Jackson, the Harlequins 

No. &, for the unavailable 
Adamses of Saracens. 

Kendall, Simmons and 
Probyn win look forward to 

Saturday too. When Wasps 

played Bath last month the 
visiting forwards, albeit with- 
out Simmons, suffered an 
eclipse. Now most of the same 
players wflj do battle again in 
divisional shirts, and 11 was 
the London front row who 
emerged from the Midlands 
game with reputations en- 

Probyn, in particular, stood 
out, both for his destructive 
ability at the scrums and 
energy in the loose, while all 
three will have chortled at 
taking a heel ofT Moore when 
London were desperately 
defending their own line. For 
Simmons, a jeweller, it was a 
positive nugget. 

Whether Probyn is strong 
enough to exhibit, success- 
fully, those same qualities at 
international level we will not 
know until be is picked, but he 
is challenging fiercely for 
Pearce's place. Scrums, in 
which the players seemed 
unaware of the law which 
forbids shoulders to go below 
the level of the waist, domi- 
nated a game notable for an 

almost total absence of loose 

London set off with a rank 
and a flash. Smith missed a 
penalty but from the drop-out 
Pinoegar and Moss set up 
their stand-off for a chip over 
the heads of a flat Midland 
defence. He gathered to feed 
Lozowski, who sent Salmon 
steaming to the line. There- 
after, whenever the Midlands 
kicked a goal through Hod- 
gkinson, who had a sound 
game but for missing three 
penalties well within his 

range, London got one back. 
Though the Midlands estab- 
Iisheda territorial advantage 
over the last hour, they could 

make nothing of ft against 

fierce tackling. 

They tried to launch Good- 
win down the middle, they 
tried Dodge doubling back to 
link with the back row, the 
halves had a dabble them- 
selves without breaking a 
defence which, in three di- 
visional matches last year and 
a fourth this, has not conceded 
a try. They were 7-0 down at 
halt'd me, 10-9 down at three- 
quarter time and nearly found 
space through Hodgkinson in 
extra time, but Bailey illegally 
impeded the supporting 
Goodwin. It was that kind of 

SCORERS: London: Tnr Salmon. P*n- 
adMK B U Sntti (9- MMe PimhMmb 

toitess stand): N 


* * 

t . 

: ’ ‘ - **-» \ ; •- 

! * V'i* " * " 

1 ' \ ■ 

= V. 

mim)” bodg* (Lricn&s). I & »o 5 3n \ - 

(Uosatevk L Cusworth (Letooun. R 
Moon (Nottingham): S Radfare (Loess- fm « 
tar), B Uoore (Nottnghamk O Panes WF 

(Northampton). J Wdb (Leicwdar), M ^ .. . T / 

MaM (NoOnanam, capt). J Ohdn _ __ _ .... 

(Bedford), o Dm (Notiin^iam). n nee- Sean OXeary, Londtui s lock 
SS^SSS^-P^ die MkUfcnds in the dhi 

I, is beaten in the lineont battle against John Orrln of 
championship match (Photograph: Tun Bishop) 

SOUTH-WEST: fistti notes* stated) CR 
Martin; A K Swot. S J Katedav. H Knlbbs 
(Bnstol), H Do^ (BrWnI); S Dtetnw. R J 
M (Captain); QJ CMIoott G Dow*. M R 
Lra, JP HaB (sub: Maaan). N C Rwhoan, J 
Morrison, A Robinson, 0 Egerton- 
Rstares: Rsv R Parisr (North Midlands). 

are beaten 

By David Hands 

Blackhead) axe making a 
habit of knocking over the 
fended teams. A fortnight ago it 
was Neath, on Saturday it was 
Harlequins who made the some- 
what shorter trip to the Rectory 
Field and were dispatched 24-V. 
although they were entitled to 
point to half a dozen absentees 
who were either injured or 
playing divisional rugby. Never- 
theless it was their first defeat by 
an English dub. Neil Alcorn 
scoring three tries for 
Blackheath. . 

Coventry, who beat Blacx 
heath themselves a week ago. 

disposed of anoth^ Lpndon 

dub, Richmond, by 2VU _N£> 
ther side was e«aUy affected oy 
divisional events at Sudbun'- 
Seven tries were scorol. four by 
Coventry and three oy 

“lUlSro' Welsh, without Col^ 
vn Price, their captain, scored 
against Aberavm, m 
their 20-10 win. Aberavon 

^ngalaie gloss on^score 

DiSock-^TTi* Wdsh had^^to 


Hughes, Noble ^ l£ t 

• The V^ d ^ rfu l r 

North s new and su^5« ^ n 

Liverpool St Hd^s. of jIS 
will prosper eJtcil _ 

enterprising a 

in g backs ^unul*acea 0n ^ 

really powerfo 1 pa v\„ modify 
this view with SSEbos in 11,6 

3 5-3 victory over Sar® B {Mi . 
National Ment Tab 
chael Stevenson have 

Wakefield ^, f following 

sighed hands of 

their decimation ai in at 

Waterloo the pre'iotj^ a ^ in s t 

their good wwj 1 L d Halifax s 
Nuneaton <-■*:* ved ,orffl 
immensely-tmp ^ victory 
continues wih a lb- 
over Rugby. toooo |, FyWe. 

At ■ W ^*ifdwab« ncC 2 f 

handicapped b> ^ he No nh. 
Dooley,. pJfqjJB '^jured, 

and Batnbndge jn ^ 

their “ n E <ate ? a S: and Tabic C 

the Nonhem Tabka Joyc d a 
in a [4-9 d^iSr Both they. 

distingusiehd - vis i t ors. 

and their ‘^^h bu 

» s T5-"»- lhc,rfiR 

against Neath- 


Paul Dodge, the former Eng- 
land captain, will miss the 
remainder of the Thom EMI 
divisional championship after 
breaking the fourth finger of his 
left band while playing for the 
Midlands against London on 
Saturday. He must also be 
doubtiiil for Leicester's annual 
Christinas game against the 
Barbarians (David Hands 

The replacement— is Martin 
NorthardL, the Nottingham, 
centre who was on the bench on 
Saturday and who joins his club 
colleague. Gary Hartley, in mid- 
field. That, in turn, leaves room 
in the squad for Ashley Johnson, 
the Oxford University and 
Northampton stand-off half, 
who plays at Twickenham to- 
morrow in the University 

The North, who beat the 
South-West in the other di- 
visional match, have named an 
unchanged side for their game at 
Gosforth against the M id la nd s 
next weekend. They will be 
waiting for midweek fitness 
reports from Rob Andrew, the 
Wasps stand-off half who left 
the field with a dead leg, and Jim 
Syddall, the Waterloo locfc_ 

The England selectors, will be 
naming a training squad at the 
conclusion of the divisional 

Welsh trial ends In dilemma Anxious 

By Gerald Davies Did Phillips make a firm penalty attempts and a conver- ~m m 

1 enough claim to oust James for sion in the first-half. He did AT% /■ Cf 1 i 

... the hooker's position? Can Ring succeed with one in the end. The ^ XHB. i 


Tests for 
drags at 
ail major 

3y Paoi Martin 

Drua twts will be conducted 
or plajera at all Five Nations 
ci;umpion»hip inter nationals 
this season, it was unanimously 
a;::c;d by representatives from 
ah the participating countries in 
London yesurday. “Each onion 
nil: be instructed CO test one or 
r*o players from each team at 
ull the' matches," said Com- 
mander Bob Weigh! II, secretary 
of the International Rngby Foot- 
ball board and the Five Nations 

The coauninee. be said, was 
concerned as any other 
spun" to prevent drug abase. 
Tiicre uas, though, no evidence 

from the occasional random 

tests already in operation in 
SoKland and England to suggest 
that droits were being used, but 
~oii possible steps should be 
tiles." fee said. The list Of 
prohibited drugs would be based 
vo that used in Olympic testing. 

Delegates have been express- 
ice cuccern that the increased 
pressures on lop regby players — 
especial! s in Eire build-up to the 
Wurid Cup next year — could 
lead them icte lumptadoa. A 
recent letter sent to all top 
\\elsb players, for example, 
warned them not to be led astray 
nhi.-B using gymnasiums, where 
scj> could come into contact 
ujd> sa:rtsR>en prone to use 

OThe Five Vaeiuos committee 
s.'sa decided to retain the system 
of usinq teams of officials — the 
referee and two linesmen — from 
the same country, except, that 
two matches this season will be 
hanj'ed bv a New Zealand 

key men in 
top shape 

By Ean McLanchlaa 

South of Scotland -...39 
North and Midlands ...~ 6 

Probables 11 

Possibles Mn—HwinHaiHi 17 

The immediate response to a 
scoreline which shows that the 
Probable West team, those in 
red, lost to the Possibles, those 
in white, by a goal, two tries and 
a penalty, to two tries and a 
penalty, would be to suggest a 
course of tablets for the Welsh 
selectors and lots of ice packs to 
soothe away the burning brow. 
But a moment’s brother, and a 
second opinion, might s u gge st 
-that, as with some 
is more apparent than real mid a* 
few minutes quiet contempla- 
tion might be the better remedy. 

Surely, in promoting a trial, 
they did not expect it to be easy. 
That there were ptaym compet- 
ing for places was what 
prompted the idea in the first 
place. It was dear from the very 
beginning, from ihe time the 
teams were chosen, that they 
were two evcnJy maiched sides 
and the only significant dif- 
ference was to be the ootonr of 
the jerseys. 

Trials -are meant to supply 
some answers but there is 
nothing wrong if they pose some 
vital questions, too. Such as 
whether Webbe and Evans, both 
brilliant right-wingers, can be 
accommodated somehow in the 
same tea m . And whether Sut- 
ton, who had a good game, or 
May, are real threats to Noisier 
at lock. 

Did Phillips make a firm 
enough daim to oust James for 
the hooker’s position? Can Ring 
be left to think that he is only 
possible, and not probable as a 
candidate for the Welsh team? 
These questions will promote a 
debate over the Christmas pe- 
riod before tire team is an- 
nounced in the New Year. 

The selectors wifi still be feoed 
with a problem over back-row 
forwards, the most unsatisfec- 
tory part ofthetriaL Neither trio 
at the back of the scrum looked 
at all convincing although, by 
the end, the Possibles looked to 
have an edge. 

. ‘ft -warf'-rare ‘for the ball to 
return profitably in what should 
be the vital second phase of 
play; tire baft-winning capacity 
u the loose was missing, in tins 
respect time should have been 
found to bring on Jones, the 
flanker who is having such a 
splendid season for Neath. 

The selectors might have so 
juggled the permutations that 
tire Neath combination — the 
two Joneses and Pugh — played 
together. With the Probables 
team in all sorts of difficulties 
and tumble to reassert them- 
selves, a change could have 
benefitted the team and given 
the opportunity to assess dif- 
ferent players. 

The Probables had gone into a 
lead in the third minute when 
Akd Williams scored a try down 
the Mind side of a rude. Raul 
Thorbum, who looked to be 
having some difficulty with 
timing his kicking, missed three 

penalty attempts and a conver- 
sion in tire first-half. He did 
succeed with ooe in the end. The 
only score for the Possibles was 
a brilliantly-taken try by Webb. 

In the second, half, although 
tire game did not improve a 
great deal, the Probables found 
it difficult to get out of their own 
half of tire field. Bidgood had 
gone off and Ieuan Evans went 
into tire midfie ld position with 
Trtley replacing him on the 
wing. Nigd Davies bad replaced 
Simon Davies in the Possibles 

midfield tOOu 

Marie Jones sent In his name- 
sake, Gary, for a try and, after a 
hmg- : peridd "'Of- presshse^ Betti 
/returned tire compliment and 
gave his No. 8a try. John kicked 
the first of these conversions. 
Very late in the game, when it 
hardly mattered Ieuan Evans 
scored the final try. 

SCORERS; taMteR TWw A Wlfeuns. 1 
Evans. Ponolt. - P Thortxm 
RHdtelm; 6 Webbe, G Janus, M 
Janes. CammrsMxc G.Jobn. PmaWes: G 

PROBABLES; P Thoitara (Neath), I 
Bum (LtaneS), R BMgoqd Qtantypqol, . 

M Donovan 

A WHana 
‘ A 

Honor (CuuJM), 

D Pfcfc wfog (Utnete, 


Ring (Confltl), A Emyr 
MW Griffiths 


I cmO. fit 


Rvfom*: Mr WD Sevan 

By Gordon Allan 

London Scottish 12 

Balh .. .. ..— 12 

London Scottish wanted to 
avoid the indignity Of losing to 
what was almost a Bath reserve 
side. The Bath reserves wanted 
the honour of beating what was 
almost the Soots strongest learn. 

• The upshot of all that anxious 
-endeavour ^at Richmondian. 
'Saturday was a stalemate, and in 
a sense stale describes the batch 
because, in ideal conditions for 
scoring tries, none were scored. 
It boued down to a kicking 
contest between Irvine, the 
Scottish captain for the day. and 
Cue, the former Bristol full 

Irvine put over four penalty 
goals. aO in the opening 20 
minutes; Cue put over three 
and, by way of varying the 
entertainment, dropped a goal. 
Both men also missed two 
penalties. Cue on the first 
occasion hitting a post You 
hardly had to read between the 
lines to gather that George 
Hewitt the referee, did a lot of 
whistling in the sunshine with- 
out cheering up anybody in 

Irvine, as it happened, came 
closest to scoring a try. He was 


stopped beside the Bath posts in 
the second half not long after 
Cue bad levelled the scores at 
12-12. Scottish would probably 
have won if they could have got 
more of the bail from the line 
oul That has been a problem for 
them for some time. 

In the old phrase, the defences 
were on top. and the tackling 
was admirable, whatever else 
may have been lacking. The bail 
rarely went beyond the inside 
. Centre. .Around the scrum .was'a 
ho go area. .... 

Bruce- Lockhart had one fine 
run for Scottish and Stanton 
hinted at power on the Bath left 
wing. But in the context of the 
match these were aberrations. 
The men who mattered were 
Irvine and Cue. who kicked the 
goals, and Ebsworlh and 
Palmer, who kicked their teams 
into positions from which the 
goals, could be picked. They at 
least got a kick out of the 

SCORERS: LoRrton Scstfisfc Paaa l ti e a. 
Inrtna (4). Both: PeoaHu: Cue (31. 
Dieppad «at Cue. 

Ftanwick, 0 Bruca-LocWiart. T Paterson- 
Brown. N Cheswonh. A McKay, N Wav, I 
K«k, J Rem. J Saute. A Rhodes. J 
Campbell- La me non. D Jelinafc, I 

BATH: A Janas. P Blackett. J GuKOS. J 
Palmer. G Stanton. P Cue. S Knight, D 
Soto. G Bess. B Kenny. K Wrthey. D 
Cronin. C Sevan. A Burr. R Lye 
Referee: G Hewitt (London). 

Memory happily laid to rest Sad Tigers lose their teeth 

By Bryan Stiles 

Bristol 3 

Newport 18 

Perhaps it was the ha un ti n g 
shadow of the referee, George 
Crawford, whistling mournfully 
in the wind which cloaked this 
game in the shroud of woeful 
mediocrity. Then again the 
combined total of 14 changes 
made by the teams from their 
last games may have had some- 
thing to do with H. 

Whatever the reason there 
was a curious lack of blood, 
thunder, high drama or high 
skill usually demonstrated u 
dashes between these old rivals. 

Newport, who more than 
deserved their victory, by three 
tries and two penalties to one 
penalty, have happily laid to rest 
the memory of the way Mr 
Crawford abandoned the teams 
to their malevolent devices 
when they met in the corres- 
ponding match last season. 

The only incidents which 
incurred the wrath of Lawtie 
Prideaux, Saturday’s referee, left 
Jeffrey, the Bristol scrum bal£ 
with a white bandage of courage 
to protect a gashed forehead ami 
Phillips, the Bristol prop, with a 
headache from a severe wigging 
administered by the referee fora 
misdemeanour in a ruck. - 

Newport had dr o p ped half 
their side following their 
overwhelming defeat by Lla- 
nelli. so could be excused for 
playing like strangers for the 
mat 20 minutes. Once they had 
introduced themselves property 
there was a cohesion about their 
work Bristol could not match. 

Bristol were fer from ship- 
shape, having contributed six 
players to a divisional game. 

Hogg landed one penalty goal 
from five attempt s , a miserable 
return but Bristol deserved little 
else for their lack of enterprise. 
Newport’s kickers, Tomer and 
Ca! lard, between them missed 

eightof their (0 attempts as goal, 
but the visitors did score three 
tries, splendid ones at that. 

CaQand entered the line from 
full bade to swerve inside two 
defenders to collect the first and 
McWitliam scored the second 
after Manley bad scooped up 
from the grass a long pass from 
the admirable Turner and sent 
the wing over in the corner. 

In the second half McWilHam 
threaded through the Bristol 
forwards to create a try for 
Barker which closed the nwieh 

SCORERS: Bristol: Pm goat: Hogg. 
Newport: tries CaBariJ. McWWifcn. 
Barker. Pm goals Turner, Catena 
BRISTOL: B UMteteewL- J Carr, D 
Thomas. S Hogg. D woodman: G 
Thomas. P JafowTc PMBps. K Bogira. o 

Thomas. P JaflreyfC PftNps, K Bogira, D 
Hickey. A Dm. N Pumphray gap P 
Adaraji A Bteckmora. P CoOmgs. p 

NEWPORT JCWtont; A Barker. CMantey. 
J Howe*, s McWKsm: P Turner. A 
Coomb; J Rawtngs, M WMMns. R 
Morgan. G Georgs, J Widdfcombe, D 
Waters, R PomHL w RendoL 

Rafsrae; L Prideaux (Cornwall). 

By Peter Dixon 

Gloucester ; — — 41 

Leicester — 6 

On paper Leicester were on a 
hiding to nothing. In reality it 
was never that good. 

Facing a virtually full- 
streugth Gloucester at 
Kingsholm can be an awesome 
task at the best of times. For 
Leicester this was not the best of 
times. Missing seven of their top 
players to the Divisional 
Championship, the Tigers sim- 
ply had no teeth. . . 

Had this been a boxing match 
there would have been cries of 
“mis- match,” Here was a light- 
weight taking on a heavyweight 
and being pummelled into the 
ground in the process. 

Despite that Leicester got off 
to a lively enough start and even 
opened the scoring, courtesy' of 
Cadd, the Gloucester flanker. 
With two minutes gone, the 
visitors — on what was to prove 
one of only a few brief forays 


Tour match 

10 Fip Barbarian 

Thom EMI b 
divisional championship 

London 13 MUbnds 9 

Northern 16 South West 12 

Johns Snath’s Motif Table A 
l_ondon Scottish 12 Bath 12 

John Smith's Merit Table B 
LpoelStH 35 Samoans 3 

Welsh Trial 

pmaMM 11 PossWw 17 

Club Matches 

wrtHHiheBd Porte 6 Nottingham 10 

afcm&igftam * Marier 29 

3? SMS? j 

Bnstct J Newport IS 

Coventry 23 Richmond 12 

match e s : Alton 23, PawaftU 12; Aytes- 
buy& MB HB 14; Bank of England 12. 
London French 6: Basfngstoka 50. Old 
Stsrtay 3r Bee Ok) B 34, feNictiotu OW 

Davonport SvC® 4 PlymcuSi 13 

mntn Wndm 24 Pontypeel 4 

sr 1 sssr J 

K5&* ȣ& 3 
£fSK» SSSkU 3 

NMTOflnga « Osn Kay* 0 

£3”*” IS i£T ’J 

PTf'-rc'* -31 Gala 10 

itoMmur'* « SSfiri SI 

Sltf) » Hyjjjffi 10 
Site <* Lima S2 CNMmIM* 8 

Wcfcetidd » NmatM ifl 
ft Hartlepool 14 Fytria 9 

IteEwan’s Scottish c hmnpkm hip 

tfptittMManda B SogOi 39 

Boys 0: Badtord W an de re rs 20. Norerich 
7; Bracftnafl a AtAey 4; Brantmod B. OH 
Ato8reaM4;tenbertay9.Portsn»uih 13; 
Chariton Park 4, Winstead 0; Ctwsbum 
30, Bestrion 3: CWchestar 18, OUngium 
0; CWnnar 7. Drifters 3: Cti^smad 14, 
Battersea IranshM 4; CheMnm 4. CXd 
Roodoritow 20: CeMwsnr 25, Saffron 
Walden 1% CranWgn ii. rmsb 0; 
Crawley 4. Sutton and Epsom fB; East 
London 11. Loghton Buzzard 12; Ether 
10, StourtirktoB 1& Eton Manor 53, 
Wastcondte mk 6: Faroham Heathens 
12. Mta of Wight 7; Hncfttey 22. OU 
GtffiteS; Fotiiestona47.HartequinsA2S: 
Gravesend 1 2.' S e w mo olB 7; Haringey 11. 
Stevenage 0; Harrow 12. Bacanana (t 
HjfwoB B. Aiwiodon IDi Hsyss 6, Lon d on 
Comtsh 10; htondan‘i5. Barnet 18: 
Horadam 1 1; Dorking i8;aft«»wamteiws 

16, Okf Breftiwoods 0; toswteh 16. 
ChafmafORl 0; Lanteuty 6, KC5 OU Boys 
13; London Malt WoNehumda 2D. Marlow 
7; London New Zealand B. Coventry Em I 
20; Maxtenhaad 3. WaldEtona 7; Medway 
30. Ashford 4: Menem 12, QuMttn 6- 
Mitcham 22, Sutton and Epaom G; Nat 
Westmnstor Bank 21, Ltoyda Bank 12; 
Newbury 9, Woodford 9; OW 
AftbotSMnana 14. Harpenden 6; Old 
BecttMntians 18, Tbamas My 3; OU 
Bavoririna 13. Ealwr Aft 0« Bnjddabns 
22. Old TiffWaro 6; Od CanlBWfltens 3, 
North Watsham 10; Old Caterhanans 3, 
Burgess Ha i8: OU Omstonans 28. OM 

fiutfetow 23: OU Edwardian Romford 
14, Becctes 4; OU Em***) 11 , John 
FWw 0M Bays 3; OU Grammarians 9, 
Old Coopareuw 4; OU HaMfdwJwra 15, 
Hamodians (fc OU (tieworihisns 12. 0U 
JoMam fc OU Kin^urlans IS. Od 
Gaytortans 15; OU ft 

CM CorteUns 8; OMT 24, St Thamas's 
Hospttal 0; OU MM8ans 3, Cambridge ft 
OU ReigaisfB 33. Wartngham 0; CM 
Satoslans 4. OM BookWons 4; OM 
Wtecountians 17. OH Hamptontana 12; 
OM VVtritglft^ins 3. Siroud 42: Olney 4, ^ 
20; Orleans FP 9. Hammar sm iai and 
Futttam ft; Oxford 34. fatey i& Oxford 
Marathon 10, Chttam 7; Oxford Old B 18, 
CXd Crmnans 1ft Park House a 
cnteftenl 7; Plwenfac 13. tnidhunt 4; 
Rsynw Park ft Old HsBeyburiarn 15; 
flerflngenslane 12, SUugh ft Roctrford 
Hundred ft Harkmr 24; Boxsth Manor OU 
7, Sudbury Court 1ft RuWp 2ft 
.11 ft Suppey 21, Orpington 4; 
Shirley Wanderers 10, Hove 9; 
Srttingboume 20. OU WSfiamsontans ft 
Snowdon CW 7. GBteigham Ancnonans 
22; Soiihampton Unh» 7. Eastiaigti 4i; 
Stocfcwood Park 8. Bedford Admc 7; 
Sudbury 43, OtdWentoUfiang ft Thtgrock 
40. Canterbury ft TonbrHoa 0. Ertih 6: 
enbam ft Met Ifofia 1 1: US Portsmouth 3. 

Tavnon 4ft UC London ift Richmond 
Norman S3: Upmmnv 42. May and Baker 
ft Uoper Caraon 21 . BbeMieath II ft vno 
l9.Battey9:MtestNortokSG, Riwstonft 
Wimbtedon 2ft fOngsnn ft Windiesur 9, 
Esso 7; Windsor ftEafog 5ft Lombard 
Seven Cotntito Merit Tatefe 
eens 54. Sidcup 3: Streat- 
/Croydon 10. Loughborougn 14. 
matey Offlee EguMmnt Soutiiera Merit 
Tabic GuWtord mid Godatmug 21, 
Trojans ft Havant ft High Wycombe 7; 
Reader 30. Herrifty 14. Hearts of England 
Unit 1 Ute BMchtey 20. Wigstan 30. 
Doaet-and Whs Cuk Second round; 
Salisbury 30, CMppemam 0; Weymoudi 
1ft DtHE 3: Wmbonw 1ft Swwwg* and 
weraham ft Gtrobaok Eastern CMMSae 
Becctes 4, 0 Edwenfons. Rom- 
roro 14; Mmwr ariii e t 18. Wymondham ft 
Southend 18. Baridng 0. 1 teHthg Oaks 
Huta Merit Table: Pullerians 4, 


Latcnworih 6C 8; Hertford 10, Tabard 6; O 
VteutaiTtians 9. Hemet Hempstead 3; 
Watfod IS. EntieU OQ 7. BBC Radin Kent 
■arH Table; Beckenham 41. o 
SiiootarsbilliBna 0: Deal 14, 0 
Gravesend tens iftOomrftBetleshanger 


Table: Centaurs 12. Barclays Bank ft 
GraxdxnparE 13. Uxtinotoe 12: Sussex 
Mart T tibia: Wtartlwig «. Lawns 22. 
Twite 08 Mart Ttehte; O Coopertaw 4. 
O Grammarians ft O GuUdtarduns 3. 0 
yvntotedoruans n; O wateounoans 17,0 
Hamptontans 12. 

Ashton on Mersey ift Birkenhead Pk 6. 
Noamcltam ift Sraatard and Bbntey 0. 
Harrogate ft Chester 4, New Bratton 7, 
Cftsrioy 10. North Manenestar t; Colne 
and Matson 20. BaMon ft Crewe and 
Nanwicn 12. Longtomans 31; Davenport 
ft SheriBW 7; Fleeiwooc 15, Moratby ift 
Hendingley 4. Moseley 16: HuddersfeU 
13. Ckjmom City 21: KendallS. Manches- 
ter 11; Legh 6. MacdesfieU ft Liverpool 
Si Helens 35. SaraoenG 3; Manchester 
Unw e. CaUtr Vale 1ft Mudiisbrough 22. 
Broughton Pk 17; Moore 0, Pori GuMn 
1ft OU Sahara 23. Old AUwinlans 11: 
Orrefl is. Neath 7: Otiey 22. Hub and E 
Ruling ft Preston Grasshoppers 31. Gala 
ift Hochdala 14. Wigan Tz; Rothertum 
IB. Sedatev Pk ift RouMhay 13. Bedford 
ift Sate 22. Pontypridd 1ft Fasten 6. 
Kersal 6; Thomsnaans 47. Oldham ft 
TyUssJey 4, Possendala 13; Vais of Ume 
52, Cheifetttam 8; WaksfieU 24, Nunea- 

into their opponents' half — 
forced a scrum five metres from 
Gloucester’s line. Impatient to 
dear tire line. Gadd elected to 
pick the baD out of the scrum, 
the referee elected for a penalty 
try and. Hare converted. 

Having bloodied their 
opponents' nose it was just a 
matter of time before Leicester 
felt the backlash for ibeir audac- 
ity. Aod once Gadd had made 
up for his earlier indiscretion — 
crossing the line in the 16th 
minuie for the first of 
Gloucester's eight tries - there 
was nothing the Tigers-coold do 
to stop the flood. If Marmenl's 
kicking, in what- were idea] 
conditions, had been up zo 
scratch then the scoreline would 
have been even more emphatic 
— he landed just three of seven 
conversions, Hamlin missing 
the other. 

Once tire breakthrough had 
been made, their was no looking 
back. By half lime Gloucester 
had carved a 17-6 lead, with 
tries from Breeze and Taylor. 

10. Catty 24. North first dM store Furness 
22. Windermere 6. 

IRISH MATCHES: Ulster senior league: 
Section one mstonians 17. Makro 12 
Section Two; Queen s Unwwsrty 3 
Academy 3 Club mzrtcties: Paimereior. 9. 
Basymena 31; CRTMS 16. Placfcrock 16: 
UCu 6. Dungannon B: Grey storms 30. 
Bangor 13. Cdyol Deny 9. Ards 19. 

Chib matches 

Wctarku 35 Northern 10 














P W D L 

IS 10 130 

1 1 144 66 7S.S7 

- 2 70 Si 6ft66 
1 1 45 22 52.5J 

- 2 S3 Msftca 
-2 4? 37 5MB 

- 2 26 B8SB0D- 
1 3 41 56 41 0? 

- 3 77 52 i: CO 

- 2 45 49 53.32 
1 1 21 £2 2500 

- 5 64 113 1£67 







RosVyn Pk 



GHOBANK LEAGUE North west first Bedford 
AriMore Lyrnn 0. Wigtun 9; hSd ChasJWe Headlngley 
OK 6. Sanfmort ft rfinrangton Part: 17. LWeteh 
Aspatria ift North Westsettmditiumer Llreh 
Btecktxim 11. Egremort 4; Hasten fctoor Btsckneam 

P IV D L F‘ A Pfos 

2 2 64 18 100.0 

7 7 - - 1«W SC ‘.09.0 

6 4 - 2 IPS 127 «37 

4 2 - 2 67 4fi 5C dt. 

4 2 - 2 fii 43 K i>2 

4 2 - 2 41 SC 5C ;a 

4 2 - 2 34 31 50.00 

4 1 - 3 39 S9 25.00 

2 - - 2 18 34 00.00 

2 - - 2 21 40 00.00 

4 - - 4 30 74 00 00 

1 - - 1 7 22 0ft 00 

and a penalty and a conversion 
from Marment. With the 
Gloucester pack too strong and 
the backs too fast, Leicester were 
fighting a losing. bailie against a 
Side playing glorious 15-man 
rugby. How Dodge, Cusworth. 
Underwood and Co. were 

In what had been scheduled as 
a John Smith's Merit Table A 
match. Leicester had chosen 
well in having the game reduced 
in sums. They will have much 
to prove when Gloucester pay 
them a vjsh in January. 

SCORERS: BouciiSter Trie* Pnca ift 1 . 
Taytor (2L Hanrtn, Gadd. 

Mamver.L Cott/ersfcne Marniem ift). 
Penalty: Marniem UacesKr. PonaKy fcy. 
Conversion: Hare. 

GLOUCESTER: N Marmeni: J Breeze. R 
MacLsan, P Taytr. N Price. V Hamlin. R 
WHtans. M t>rw»dy tcapCi. G '4am. R 
Pascaii. G Guesi. J E'jwndge. J Gadd. I 
Smith. M TaMue. 

LEKESraS: 'A' Hare fcaplt: R Lais. T 
Bultenore. i Dads cn, C C^!or. J Harris. N 
Youngs. P H Rooens. B 

Rcfuroson. T ankh. M PoiAes-Amotd. S 
Povoas, M R Tefchun. 

Seferae^r C Hrgh jKancfiastar Society). 

N$w Simm 

By Chris TIiaD 

UversooE/St Kslens .... £5 
Sarscens 3 

- The o!' the occasion 
has surprised both sides. The 
hosts - Liverpooi/St Helens 
seemed bewildered by the ease 
and (he size of their win againsl 
the London Saracens. The dag- 
gered visitors could produce no 
answer io the rampjni locals 
and find no explanation lor their 
lifeless perionnancc wnich saw 
them crashing io a record defeat. 

The merger of the iwo 
neighbouring dubs. Liverpool 
and S; Helens, nus given the 
newly-born entity a new lease of 

The underfed local pack 
ouipaccc and ouiwriicd the Male 
Saracens bone-misher io suopiy 
their young and Uicmed bjefc 
dr\;syn with a limiifess siren m 
of goesd auaisiy possession, 
live. Si Helens i-er. «ot>c 
c fi r-r L-.-iu o£ *hc iineoui *> i:h 
lho;r leek forward Mark Kale, 
agvd 2 i>. outstanding, while 
irliiclingsubsianiial damage on 
the Saracens scrum mating. 

The local back division 

The South of Scotland contin- 
ued their march to another 
McEwan's inter-district 
championship with a win over 
North and Midlands. The game 
was' transferred from snow-' 
covered Inverness and was 
played in near-pcrfect con- 
ditions. though, a stiff breeze 
helped the home side to hold the 
score io 13*3 at half-time. 

South opened with a Dods 
penalty followed quickly by a try 
by Jeffrey, converted by Dods. 
But the half was almost over 
. before Rutherford scored his try 
* following lead-up woric by 
. Laidlaw and Murray. 

The visitors started the sec- 
ond half with much more 
purpose. A quick heel from a 
scrum on the left and slick 
handling by the backs enabled 
Baird to score on the right Dods 
converted and the same player 
kicked penalties in the I2tb and 
28th minute to put the result 
. bey ond doubt Tukalo was next 
on the score-sheet followed in 
short order by Campbell, who 
erupted from a maul on the 22 
and outstripped the defence to 
score. Jeffrey rounded off the 
day by touching down after 
Tukalo had shredded the home 
defence. Dods again convert ed. 
The home scores came from a 
penalty in each half by 
Macanncy and Marshall. 

North and Midlands played 
with great spirit and owe much 
to their back row trio of Ed- 
wards. Leckie and Mclvor, all of 
whom performed heroics in 
defence. The North also trou- 
bled the South in the tight scrum 
bui the fact that they never once 
threatened the visitors* line was 
a measure of the difference in 
class between the two sides. 

Worrying for the South must 
be their frailly in the tight and 
the feet that they still concede 
too many penalties. It was 22 in 
local on Saturday. From an 
international viewpoint it is 
gratify ing to see so many players 
in good form and good physical 

NORTH a MIDLANDS: G Spowttt (Oun- 
ce? HSFP). M Cion (DuntefmUne). P 
Rouse (Dundee HSFP). B Edwards 
(Boroupnmuir), C Macartney 
fBjrouohffluirt. N MarabeH (Henots FP). K 
Troup (Goroonians). P Ftoekhart (High- 
land. D Wyfie (Boroughmuir), A Wenysa 
tUsnaKSl. B 3eB (Hn« aa£ Capt}. I 
Ran!±i (Howe oJ Fife). H Edwards 
(BorougtvtnMl. O Lecfcto (Edinburgh 
Ar-SderrucaisL D Mclvor iDunfermhna). 
BarH IKttttl. K Monsy (Hawick). K 
Robertson (Metres*), I Tukalo (Selkirk). J 
KuCiertord (Selkirk), fl Laidlaw (Jed- 
Forest i. K Sadfaw Usd- Forest), C Deans 
(Hawick, Can)). R Ntcoi (Hawick). A 
Ccmpbefl (Hawick). A Tomes (Hawfck). E 
Paalon (Kelso). I Paxton (Sekirk), J 

Reforoe: J Fteftteg (Boraoghmmrj. 

played very well indeed with the 
two county centres. Simms and 
Wdkns., ouLstanding. A new 
Simms is emerging from this 
seemingly bottomless well of 
talent. With his senior brother, 
kevin, on divisional duty for 
the north the younger but taller 
and stronger Nick Simms, aged 
2C. had an impressive afternoon 
alongside his Lancashire partner 
Brian Wcllens. who scored two 
o» L) . erpool's five tries. 

Besides the natural handling 
ski i is developed in this hot-bed 
of rugby league. Simms, is quiic 
a useful kivker. His tacticai 
kicking from centre — the best I 
have seen for some time — has 
exposed the feeble Saracens 
defence while his place kicking 
leaves nothing to be desired. 

SCORERS: Liwpcal/St Hefenffi Tries T 
Swinn. 6 WelL?r.i ;J| M Kail. D Tanner. 
Cara N Stnrtj (3j, Pore N Simms (2J. 
On>3 cast I Jflttreys. Saracens Pens L 

u'K'irta W iir.inis. 3 Weflens. D Tanner. I 
.tl-re/s G JOCsS. C King. K Rabbin 
iC33'3ifii. j G-'H‘3t>. G HescoB. V Hate. T 
S*-snc. T U; rm J Ingram. 

SAHACEfcS: S Robmsorr. L S mi Ifl. J 
Buckion. C Bebayode. D McLaran. B 
Rutfina. f Steadman. C Rohens. S Jones, 
M Grier, R Khalil. P McMahon. A 
Wheetora. D Caichpote. A Keay (capom). 
Rateraa: J Johnsixi (Scatland). 





Smart Arrow Express 
to strike target again 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Arrow Express, from David Lingfield Park where he beat a 
Ringer’s Newmarket yard, is. stronger field by seven 
napped to extend his unbeaten lengths, 
run under National Hunt rules Today’s opposition looks 

in the Barback Novices' Hur- modest by comparison and I 
die at Bangor today. will be deeply disappointed if 

Formerly with Robert Arm- Arrow Express fails to beat the 
strong for Flat raring. Arrow likes of Precious Link, erven 

Express made an immediate 
impact for his present trainer, 
winning his first race over 
hurdles at Windsor by four 

Promising though that 1 
performance was, it still did 
not compare with his next 
outing at Haydock Park where 
he beat the gambled-on new- 
comer Mareth Line by five' 

If one was uncertain as to 
the exact merit of that form at 
the time there is no longer any 

Last week, Mareth line 
paid his conqueror a mighty 
compliment, not just once but 
twice. First at Worcester on 
Wednesday when he stormed 
home virtually unchallenged 
and then again on Saturday at 

though he has to concede him 

Wi nning form in the 
Wbeelback Novices’ Hurdle is 
boasted by Bemish Lady and 
Pledgdon Green. In this in- 
stance, though, I am tempted 
to take a chance with The 
MissiSsippian, trained by 
Malcolm Eckley. 

The winner of a mile and a 
half handicap on the Flat at 
Carlisle in June, The Mis- 
sissippi shaped with prom- 
ise in his only race over 
hurdles so far, at Haydock. 
And he will not have to be a 
world beater to win this. 

Bronwyn, who was awarded 
a race at Southwell recently on 
the disqualification of 
Woodbnigh, should be able to 
win the Smokers Bow Handi- 

cap .Chase now that 
Woodbuzgh himself has since 
added credibility to the form 
by winning nicely the next 
time he turned out on the 
Nottinghamshire track. 

The W L and Hector Chris- 
tie Memorial Trophy, one of 
C&tterick Bridge’s most cov- 
eted prizes, looks poised to be 
presented to Bobby Brewisas I 
firmly believe that following 
that fluent victory, over the 
same course and distance 16 
days ago, when she accounted 
for Fortina Express, his mare 
Scarier Terror is capable of 
winning again. 

Ability to see out the ex- 
tended three miles without 
flinching is on her ride 
whereas Go On Joe’s stamina 
is distinctly suspect. 

Lady La Paz, who was 
beaten five lengths on her 
hurdling debut by Come Pour 
The Wine, now looks capable 
of going one better in the 
Leeds Juvenile Hurdle at the 
expense of Pink Sensation and . 
Capricorn Blue. 

SEsifite iSssS^i- 

All to play for; Ghofar (right), the eventual winner, holds a fractional advantage over Pat's Jester (centre) and Agathist at 
the final flight in Cheltenham's Triumph Hurdle Trial an Saturday 



By Mandarin 

2.15 WHITE HORSE NOVICE HURDLE (E910: 2m) (21 runners) 

12.45 Royal Radar. 
1.15 Porto Irene. 

1.45 Scarlet Terror. 

2.15 .Ail Fair. 

145 Oaken. 

3.15 Lady La Paz. 

By Michael Sedy 

1.45 Scarlet Terror. 2.15 ALL FAIR (nap). 

Guide to our in-line racecard 

103(12) WW3Z TMESFORM (CUBF) (Mrs J Rytayl B HaB 9-10-0 

a West (o aa 7-2 

Racscard number. Draw in brackets. Six-figure and distance winner. BF-beaten favourite m latest 
term (F-loB. P-pulled up. Li-unseated rider. B- race). Owner in brackets- Tremor. Age and 
brought down. S-sUppod up R-relused}. Horse's wtagiu. Rider plus any allowance. The Times 
name (B-bflnkere. V-vfcor. H-hood. E-Eyeshwid. c- Private HandtcappeTs rating. Approximate staring 
course winner. Distance wmner. CD-course price. 

Going: good to firm 

1245 HUDDERSFIELD HANDICAP CHASE (£1.454: 2m) (9 runners) 

1 413-412 MPANY(CO)(L Diclunson)R Rotan30n7-11-11. 


PA Fttmi! (4) 

97 1 






• 99 



n Natan 

94 12-1 





0324P4K) A8ERSING (CD) (D Todd) 0 TOdd 11-103— - - 

A J Octal (7) 



2441-00 VICTORY MORN (MTS E Dixon) J Dbcon 10-100- 



138& STARLIGHT LAD 11-10-1 C Grant (7-1) R Bethefl 5 ran 

CODM IMPANY (1 1 -3) one pace from 2nd las when 3K 1 3rd to Mendetta (10-0), with THE HOWLET (10- 
rvnm 8) 1 K1 back in 4th and STRICTLY BACON (10-4) anottter IQ away 5th at Wettieriw (2m. £2326, 
good. Nov 25, Bran). Previously (MPANYtt 1-71 stayed on to beat Tumble Jim (TO-9) a length at Cattericfc (2m, 
firm J with ABEBBIHG (10-7) a further 101 back in 3rd. ROYAL RADAR(11-S) was having Sit outing lor Alteon 
months when wnfl beaten Iasi of 6 to Go On Joe (1(M) at SedgaMd (2m. £1548.goodT Nov 28): on finel start 

Iasi season 

•85. 4 ranL 
Kelso can. 

Hardy Ranch (12-<Jfat Perth (2m. £786, good. May 21. Bran) 
head at Wetherby (2m Heap H. firm); previously fio-fi 
Chettenham " 

'll 1-12) made alto beat FtorBabu (11-8) an easy It 
THE HOWLET (10-0) besi Ottort on penultimate st 
£1612, good, Nov 12. 9m0- ADEN APOLLO (11-1 
Eh (12-ofal Perth (2m. £788, good. Mi ~ " 
jtherby (2m Heap H. firm); previously 
n (2m. E3290, firm, Oct 9. 6 ran). 


. 548 ji 

at Market Rasen (2m, £1506, good to soft. Aug 
start when 2K1 2nd to Centre Attraction (10-6) at 
1) rounded ott last season with a 1541 beating at 
RRB>ICH NEPHEW (10-1 1) beat Babsiad (1 1-8) a 
0-6) nor disgraced when a head 2nd to Starjesbc (11-3) at 

1.15 BRADFORD SELLING HANDICAP HURDLE (£777: 2m) (13 runners) 

C Denote (7) 98 6-1 

P Fatten w 

— R Harley (7) 

2 422000 CUCKHAM LAO (□) (M Matey) N Chamberiam 8-11-7 

5 00/0 SAGE HAWK (Mss R&ay)H Gray 7-11-3 

6 0040-23 BARNALYRA (Wng Cmdr J Leighton Bade) M Awson 5-11-2 

8 3000-00 TRUE AMP (D) (Mrs F &Cknsan) M DKkinson 6-1 1-0 — 

11 POO-42 PORTO ERETC (Mis P Tucked D Tucknr 8-10-13. A Dicta (7) 

12 0040001 JUST GRAYLE (HJJ) (Mrs S Refries) Mrs G Rewotey 7-10-13 (Sex) PMmo(4) 

13 OOOOM FRANKNESS (TPiyke) A Fistier 10-1 012 DRshvr 

14 1/OOP04 WSA KID (D)(MtesCMkS0gy)K Morgan 7-1010 M Brenoan 

15 P0P4/0-0 OUR PRETENJEH (Mrs 5 Lee) W Ctay 6-1010 — 

16 00000-0 PETE AND DUD (B) (Mrs P Rernson)W Storey 7-108. 

21 0Q0P4-O GRUNDY’S PET (J Can) G Moore 4-10-8 

22 OOPO SHANDON BELLS (B Sntth) J Norton 4-10-8 

23 0404-20 BAVAL(C Steer) D Yeoman 0108 

N McCormack 
- M Hammond 

88 Ol 
95 3-1 

98 5-1 

• 99 8-1 

1985: NORWMSTLE 5-10-8 S Chariton (lOI)T Craig 17 ran 

CH«wkim 97 6-1 

FARM barnalyra(iu 
rwnm catterx* pm. tw 

_ . J. In good farm thta season. a creditable 10V41 3rd to What A Line (11-5) « 

_ , , • m. £669. tarn. Nov 8. 13 ran). PORTO IRENE (103), one paced but not disgraced 

when a 2hd to Haddak (10-Qat Worcester (2m, £878. firm, Sept 4. 12 ran). JUST GRAYLE (104) showed 

marked improvement to beat SuperSoto|11-7)3atSedPBfleld with CUCKHAM LAP n 0131 was a betowoer 

8th and PETE AM) DUD (UHQ once again weO behind m 8th (2m. £578, t ----- -- 

CUCKHAM LAD (1013) had shown much better form when 2H 12nd to I 

hurdtag stetcftBy and m rear at Hexham (2m, £574. .good to firm. Oct 22, 12 ran). MESA KfD (105) fHsfiBd a 

foa4th beaten 4 W to Alex ChoeaM Ol 0 at Market Rasen when JUST GRAYLE (1 04). OUR PRETENDER (10 

2| TRUE MP (107) and FRAMOIESS (104) were ail below best and out of the frame (an. £642, good to soft, 

ftoy22. 19 ran). BANAL(1P-3), tends to gelDfltand tart made good fate headway when 3l2Hd to Kindred fil-12) 
at Cabnel on gemtsnatB start (2m If, E829. good to firm. Aug 23. 10 ran). 


1.45 W L AND HECTOR CHRISTIE HANDICAP CHASE (E2.B41: 3m 300yd) (7 runners) 

4 221 23P POUNENTES (W McGhie) W McGhie 9-11-7 M Dwyer 98 7-1 

6 132001 SCARLET TERROR (CQ) (R Brewts) R Brawn 8-11-2 (4ex) A Stringer SB 5-2 

7 31121-4 MR SPOT (R Sveta) R Seels 9-1012 JKKktane • 99F2-1 

9 12444H MELBfiC (Mrs J Jordan) G Moore 11-10-0 M Ha m m ond 87 Ol 

10 PO/041-1 QO ON JOE (C) J ftchardson) J Rtc hm d eo n 12-100 (4ex) Hr A Orkney 94 02 

11 400000 BURGLARS WALK (A VWWiwcn) Denys Smith 6-100 CGrent — 201 

12 00-G24P SOPWSTICATB) (Mre A TomMnson) Mrs A Tomkmson B-10-0 REaraehaw 80101 

1985: HAZY GLEN 7-10-1 M Banes (12-1) T Banes 11 ran 


rwnw time: tumwl 

(11-7) ptrttod up behind Gowan House ( 

.tut earner hi the season what (10-111 

£1382. good. 

Nov 28, Bran). 


41, J 

(11-7) stayed on wed to 

up over this course and dtetsnce 

15W 4fft to Blackhawfc Star (1 1-7) at 

a of J [wlters Gem ( 1 1 -2) at Newcastle (3m. 

11-1)2X1 a Sedgefietd (2m. El 548. good. 



FP00-1P WONDERNOY (D) (L Ingtan) D Motion 6-11-7 

ALL FAM(T Bed) R Whitaker 5- 11-0 






BOUTZDAROFF (M Wngleyl Jimmy fttzgerald 4-1 1-0 






* DRUMBARRA (G Gtadstone) P wijfam 4-11-0 

PA Farrell (4) 







OP GOOD N SHARP (A DuffiafcO G Ctfvart 5-1 1-0 



OP UKK-NTO* (Mrs J Johnson) JGOuitang 6-1141 



24 Q/3000-4 PROUD CON (H Proud) J Gn&nton 7-1 1-0 

R CvniHflw 


20442- SAMFEN (F Ealard) M H Easwrtoy 4-11-0 




27 FOO/3UO- SAVOIH VWBEfT WHsmflM WEastertJyS-II-0 

R Beggan 






rn 99 F5-4 

" TREE MST (Mrs M Spenstoy) Mrs G Reveley WM.. 

P Nhnra (4) 



198& ROMAN IKUGHT 4-1 1-0 R Eamshaw (20-1) J Chariton 21 ran 

out ol ttie ffame. SAMFEN very wa4 related and expected do enprove Oils season ran best race when (10-n 

18MI 4th to Urn Majed (1012) at Doncaster with State r - * * — ** — "** ■*'**— — ■’-* 

respectively (2m 41. £2021 . good to firm. Dec 13. 18 ran) 

4th to Hieronymous (10-10) at Market Rasen on panutamate 
WEARDALE has best recent term ol these, a 71 3rd to weP-remrded The Demon Barba (iOi£3 zt wettwrsy 
with CADEBY (1012), KILLARY BAY (1012). DARK CYGNET [1012), HOWS TONY (1012) and GOOD N 
SHARP (1012) all unplaced (2m, £879. good, Nov 25, 2S ran). 


245 VAUX BREWERIES NOVICE CHASE QUALIFIER (£1,164: 3m 300yd) (9 runners) 

Bolands Cross out 
again quickly for 
Ascot’s big chase 

By Michael Seely 

Bokmds Cross, an impressive novice proved to good at the 

OP-0110 VALIANT WOOD (Mrs W Turn) Mrs WTiAe 6-1 1-8 — 
FFOH2 OAKEN (BF) (Duke ol Sutherland) Denys Smith 5-11-7 . 


D0P-O3F GREEN GORS£ (S Greanj N Crump 6-11-0- 

... T G Dun 92 4-1 
... C Giant B99F04 
„ K Jones — — 
C Hawkins 91 02 

U LUKE TREWARNE (B) (R Pnce) W Storey 6-1 1-0 . 

00004U HAfBIY TRICK (J Hanson) W A Stephenson 5-1013- 

0Q/Q2P- HEfBURT (Mrs H AiHun) MISS A Aittun 010-9 

0F3300 MOONLIGHTING (K Hafl) J Parkes B-10-S 

OOOO/PO 0CRA5 (D Hopdgson) D Hodgson 7-IOB- 

N McCormack 


. Q Hariuor 
J J Oumn 
. KDooUn 

— 201 
97 3-1 
76 lOI 

1985: TULLAMMUNE B-1 1-0 N Doughty <108 ftw) G Richards 9 ran 

Ayr (2m. good to eott): 


Kelso (&n, £1 233. good’, Nov 12. 
‘ 07)« 


effort on 

ran). EDI 
Selection: OAW 

3.15 1.FFDS JUVENILE NOVICE HURDLE (3-Y-O: £685: 2m) (17 runners) 

■ VnG'KMa (• 117} Di 

Song (11-3) 1i%I at 
sty (109)1 3 3rd ro 

(11-10) made much ol the running when beatmq Sharp 

rwi). GfcraiGOR3Ete*3tthe2nd latest outing: prewoij 

Im. £945. good to soft. Nov 18. 11 ran). Ex-tesh HANDY TRICK (9-12) best 

H 41h to oiewis Servant POQ) at fJStowei(2rn4f. £1380, firm, Sept 26. 9 

„ rate start last season when a neck 2ndtoHytig Ace (12- 

Hunt Ch. £680. good to soft. Mar 11. 7 ran). 

15-lecgih winner at Lingfield 
Park on Saturday and recently a 
springer in the market from 33-1 
to 1 4-J for ixieCbeltenhanT Gold 
Cup, is now likely to attempt to 
emulate Midnight Court, the 
Inst horse to complete the 
double of Ascot’s SGB Handi- 
cap Chase and aeeplechasi rig's 
blue riband during the 1977-78 

Bolands Cross had the 
Hennessy Cognac Gold Cup 
third. Maori Venture. 20 lengths 
adrift in the same position on 
the Surrey track. And the handi- 
cap per is certainly going to 
penalize this improving young 
horse in future engagements. 

“It suddenly hit me coming 
home in the car," said Nick 
Gaselee. his trainer, yesterday. 
“Next Saturday may be a bit 
quick, bm Bolands Cross will 
never get a chance like this 
again.” With a 5tb penalty. 
Bolands Cross still only has lOst 
11 fb to carry. 

Door Latch, last year’s win- 
ner. and Plundering. Fred 
Winter’s Grand National can- 
didate. are already tinder orders 
for Ascot’s always informative 
and high-ciass chase. So too is 

weights for a seasoned and 
gallant rival. 

Simon Christian, the winning 
trainer, is operating with a surer 
touch as his career progresses. 
**TT.e H & T Walker Goddess at 
Ascot was the original objective, 
bm like manv of my horses he 
got a touch of the virus, and we 
had to change the plan." 

The trainer then added that 
Henry Ponsonby's eight-year- 
old is now well entered up in all 
the big races, including the 
IR£50.000 Black and While 
Whiskey Gold Cup at 
Leapardsiown on January 29, 
for which Very Promising is also 
an intended runner. 

Les Kennard said that Mr 
Moonraker will now be sent up 
from Somerset for the Mandarin 
Chase at Newbury’s New Year 

Pearfyman's win was even 
more authoritative as John 
Edwards's winner of five races 
last season sprinted dear on the 
nm-jn. under 1 1st I31b, to beat 
French Union by seven lengths. 

“This is a really good horse," 
said the trainer. “He's entered in 
the King George as I'm sure he'll 
stay. Logically, he is a natural 


of spice 
at Watford 
by Barnes 

gy Simon Jones 






- P Kiin 






14 -1 




• SSF3-1 






0 TDNKS(R Thompson) W Storey 10-9-.. 

N McCormack 

1985: PARIS TRADEH 11 7 R O'Leary (2-1 tav)M W Easttrby 19 ran 


PINK SENSATION (10-12) is admtrttbiy consistent and flntahed a length 

12) at Kelso with CUMBRIAN NUO (10-10) 2K1 away In 4m (2m. £2009. 

(10-9) Is Hcety to improve or a goad first hrnaoui effort when 51 2nd to Co 


9) with 

8) O fttoher beck in Sift 

Previously. HURRICANE HENRY ( 10-1 

271 hathar back In 6th. ALL A DHEAM f 

(10-10) a fafler, Newcastle (»n. £11 75_ 

when 1 31 4th to Arrow Express (11 -3) and 

Sanction: LADY LA PAZ 

2nd u Godoanov (ID- 

good. Nqv 19. 19 nuij. 


, good. Nov 15. 12 ram). CAPRICORN BUUE (1 1-0) made promising debut 

(and Mareth Line (11-0) at Haydock (2m, £148, good to soft, Nov 19. 19 

Course specialists 


Winners Runners Per Cent 



Ridas Percent 

R Brews 
















M H Easterby 




M Dwyer 



M W Easterby 




C Grant 




D Yeoman 




R Lamb 




N Crump 




D Dutton 






By Mandarin 

12.30 Ex peri men ling. 
1.00 Bronwyn. 

1 .30 The Mississippian. 

2.00 Donna Farina. 

2.30 Redgrave Artist. 

3.00 ARROW EXPRESS (nap) 

3.30 Dennis Auburn. 

Michael Seely's selection: 2.0 Gold Tycoon. 

The Times Private Handicapper’s lop rating 1.45 REDGRAVE ARTIST. 

Going: good to soft 

12-30 LADDERBACK SELLING HURDLE (Div 1: £724: 2m) (13 runners) 

ootxm ASCOT AGAIN (B) (Mrs D Ferrett) J P Smkti 10-11-7 GLndau(4) 

EXPER1HB<rTWG I** 1 * aClrtey) B Cwley 7-11-7 D Murphy 

GlLne) CHEF (D) (Mrs J McMahon) B McMahon 9-1 1-7.. 
120/0-00 GOOS WILL (D) (P Burman) B RKrimond 7-11-7 

0000-00 MARME (C Holmes) C tfolmes 8-1 1-7. 




26 ... 

27 UQOQJO-O VBEO BOOM (V Thompson) V Thompson 5-1 1-7 

28 te-Actcrop (b wads) a wen 5-11-2 

« ^5”? M AYE(D)(MraS Bower) R Francis 7-11-2 
33 OQPP-03 WtUDMG TALK (D) (M Ray) OO’NeR 5-11-2 

MELTING POT (Mrs S Mangan) Mre S Otvar 7-11-7.. 

0-2B3FF NBIO WOLF (D) (Ms Y Todd) RJuckes B-1 1-7 

10002/F SAUSAGE (B) (E SwaffiaW) R Hodges 6-1 1-7 

010PPIV TEEJAY (D) <D WskJron) P Sevan 7-11-7. 

74 6-1 
90 — 
— 16-1 
89 8-1 
— 12-1 

__ — 16-1 

Sara nmhi OunsSar (7) — — 
_ B Powefl • 99 F3-1 

J A Harris 

— 8-1 

Mr E McMahan (7) 

P Corrigan 



Mr M Thompson (4) 
tea (7) 

1985: (2m 80yd) PASS ASHORE 6-11-9 J Doyle (7-1) M Ofirar 16 ran 

1.0 SMOKERS BOW HANDICAP CHASE (£1,784: 3m) (9 runners) 

2 44UP-3U DUWE(HHalawoodJD McCain 8-11-7 

A <°» (M WBdmHto M WdasmtoTs-ir^ 

4 POO/P41- TARVUE (D) (J Parfltt) J Parfitt 8-11-4 

5 OtHHfoO STRAWHUX(MmL Ford) E Alston 11-10-11 

S SmMi EccMm 

J Bryan 


90 7-2 

94 4-1 
93 8-1 
88 6-1 

SE “ZTT” “> 

233-2,1 RMWW YH (T Hayward) Mrs S Oaven p oi i S-10-3 

«UF-a* THE GO-SOY (Mrs W Syfcos) Mrs W Sykes 12-10-0 * 

30204)0 URAHD BOY <□ Ferguson) P Ransom 10404). 

1986: (3m 200yd) SMALL MONEY 6-11-4 P Wamur (7-4 lav, MreWS^e" 

M Alston (7) 

92 14-1 
94 B-1 
• 99F2-1 
84 6-1 
84 — 

S Morataaad 

1 JO WHEELBACK NOVICE HURDLE (£995: 2m 41) (17 rannere) 

1 0000-11 BERMSH LADY (□) (F Jackson) P Sevan 5-11-9 

2 024-201 PLEDGDON GREEN (R Adamson) VThon»SOn S-1 1-7 

8 P BM)THEM.V (A Taylor) A Taylor 5-1 14) 

11 0400- GALTERtO (Mrs A Fortney) A J Wdson «-i 1-0 

J A Harris 099F3-1 

Mr M Thompson (4) 87 4-1 

Mr A Taylor 

14 0 HAWKBWORTH LAO (Mrs A WaSaco) Mrs M DWkkison 4-1l'i I~I“ GBiwflM 

15 0041334 HILL BEAGLE (N Brown) J P Smith 6-11-0 QlZmZTm 

16 HOPE STREET |MrsC McAfome) J Edwards 5-114). 

18 0 LDCH LADOE (H Yatas) P HoSmarioad 4-1 14) 


04F-0 LORD SUN (J Thorp) D MoflaU 4-1 14). 

20 0(344)04 MALEK(E Dams) Mrs B Waring 6-11-0 

Landau (4) 

- P Barton 

— P Dover 
K Ryan (7) 

21 0FU-P2P MASTER CROFT (DMcCaln)DMcCa(n 9-11-0 

22 «RGWW^raTP8aroten)AJW«9on6-114) 

J Robson (7) 

A Murphy (7) 

28 0 TOE MlSStSSlPPtAN (M Eckley) M BSktey 5-11-0 anacan 

31 WINDY NOTE (Mr? MOtddnsan) Mrs MDlcUnsan 4-1 1-0 J D Davma 

34 0 COUNTRY SEAT (Coiinry Seat Ltd) R Francis 4-10-9 8 J Oltaa 

W P3-3400 UTTLE ROSE (Mrs A Paterson) E H Owen run 9-109 D Skryme (7) 

37 044) DBORNE0(PltESS(J Dtmand) R Holder S-1 04 PMuvtiy 

1985: ASM ID 6-11-7 J Duggan (3-1) F Wtfiler 13 rat 

86 — 
— 5-1 
89 12-1 

93 12-1 
— 10-1 

84 — 

2-0 COUNTRY SEAT NOVICE CHASE (£2,328: 2m 4f) (16 runners) 




621 wn BWO OF SPMT(EPraffl)M Scudamore 6- 11-7 _ 
023-B31 RAMBUNG WILD (P Deal) PW Harris 5-1 1'7._ 
403-01U YELLOW STAG(T Ke0y)R Francis 6-11*2. 

■ 8 01/3-140 CAMPUS BOY (PWtord Tools LM) R Jucfces 5-1 141__ 

16 P00PP1V GOLDROY (F Lloyd Ltd) R Peacock 7-11-0 

17 2010-20 GOLD TYCOON (BF) (C Woolford) J Spearing 7-11-0. 

80 — 
88 9-1 










P GDfiEN SECRET (F Sedgwick) 0 Yanftoy 5-11-0. 

21 -F HARD STATKM(K Kane) R Ockki 8-114) 

63306-F INCENSE (H Attwood) P Bavan 6-1 1-0. 

P S cu dam ore 
R Strange 

_ G WUan 

... K Ryan (7) 

„„ A Webb OS9F5-2 
C Smith 

POO-202 INVISIBLE RING (Mrs D Gening) R Holder 5-11-0 

0O4M0P LUCKY IfiCHAEL (B) (J Needham) J Neecham 6-11-0.. 

000400- STAR OF SCREEN (R McAlpme) J Edwards 6-1 1-0 

00024)3 TOPHATTB) (M Shine) R Hodges 6-11-0 

21422/0 TROUVERE (R Thame) 0 BwAbB 5-11-0.. 

1440-33 DONNA FARMA(J Thompson Farms LAB D RicbardsS-IM., 
023044 SPARTAN NATIVE (D Braraton) AW Janes 8-109 

C , 

_ PRScbanls 

P Warner 

D Browne 


W Knox 

P Tuck 

R Crank 

1985: (2m 4f 70yd) CAUCHEMAR 6-10-9 Peter Hobbs (4-1 fav) Mrs J Barrow 15 ran 

Z30 LADDERBACK SELLING HURDLE (Div Ik £724: 2m) (12 runners) 

210030 FLORI WONDER (D) (Roe Racing Lid) G Roe 6-11-8 P McDermott (7) 




OOQOP/ COMPOSER (Mn K Jackson) M James S-1 1-7. 
00024)0 IMNCE OF LEE (C)(P Hamer) PHamar6-11-7. 
UOO-OOQ KB-ROY MANOR (T Caidwel) T CatdweO 10>11-7_ 

Stamm James (7) 

P Hamer 

P Tuck 

— 12-1 
91 — 

— 7-2 
M — 

79 — 

21 9-2 
91 14-1 

00303F PASS ASHORE (RAD) (Mbs JCoUB)MOtlvar 7-11-7- 
1-24004 REDGRAVE ARTIST (D) (CraydatB Ltd) M ftpo 5-11-7 _ 

23 00/000*- SMOJNG LAUREL pi Chcmwi) Mrs BWBrtog 7-11-7 — 

24 P SULPHUR (R Fedow^ R Fetows B-1 1-7 

29 U0F02F- BLOW MY TOP <R BroombaU) R Holder 7-11-2 

31 1-4UUF0 REMAINDER GOR. (D) (R Juckes) R Juckes 5-11-2 

32 204)000 TENDER GIFT (TMomn)T Morton 6-11-2. 

34 00 ROCKALL (H Man) B Stevens 3-10-7 

_ R Donwoody 90 5-1 
.P Scudamore • 99 F4-5 
.. J Robson (7) — — 


91 8-1 
80 12-1 
75 — 

1S8S: See Division One 

3JJ BARBACK NOVICE IflfflDLE (J-Y-a £1,694: 2m) (18 runners} 

'll ARROW EXPRESS (D) (D Jenkins) D Ringer 11-7.. 


















P CHERRY LUSTRE 00 (C Rivers) B Stevens 10-12— 

COMAZANT (T Sm**) V Eddey 10-12 

P DIRECTOR PLEASE (G Jones) J Spearing 10-12 — 
MBIRY JUNtOR (Mrs □ Scott) E H Owen jun 10-12 . 

02 PRECIOUS LMK (E Goody) W G Tunar 10-12 

0 ST JAMES'S RISK (T Evans) F Jordan 10-12 

TOPKAPI (C Holmes) C Holmes 10-12 

0 TOP ROW (JZOdMRS) AW Jones 10-12 

0 TROPtCO (B) (D DuH) I Wardte 10-12 

0 WYVERN (R Rowlands) WCtay 10-12- 

DMarptqr M99F44 

R Strange 

— AOUogen — — 

A Webb 

R Crank — — 

- C Warren (7) 96 5-1 

C Smith 

CCax (4) 

MssD Janes — — 
B Powefl 

EYE StGHT (UM Levemukiw) R Francis 10-7— 

44400 KAMPHALLtG Oram) Miss Z Omen 10-7 

F LOVE YOU ROSY (P Savfl) Mrs G Ravaley 10-7.. 

IKHMAN PEARL (T Jarvis) W G Turner 10-7 . 

0 SAGAREME (F H Lee) F H Lee 10-7 

0 WATCH ICR GO (K Fischer) M Francis 10-7... 


H M aa fltw r 84 12-1 

P Dover 90 6-1 

A Sharp* — — 

SHctamt 89 4-1 

WHTTEHOUSE GEM (K BeMmgton) R PBaoock 10-7. 


_KRyan(7) — — 

198& (2m 80yd) TIMBER TOOL 10-12 H Darias (11-1) Mrs W Sykes 1 7 ran 

3.30 CHAIR HANDICAP CHASE (£1,756: 2m) (4 runners) 

111F4M JOHNS PRESENT <D)(POaning}R Holder 6-12-7. 

PRJcttmdfl 90 B-4 

100-F20 DBMS AUBUMN 63) (Ducttess of Westminsiw) R Francte 9-10-12 — SJffNrt •89F5-4 

1-10P03 OAKLAI® JASCW (D) (D Dmrtas) Mrs W Sv*«« 8-UM) S Monhead 84 6-1 

02003-4 FARE LOVE (C) (EE Evans) EE Evens 7^104) „P Warner 93 B-1 

1S8S: (2m 170yd) PEA-COCK-ADE 9-10-13 A O'Hagen (7-4) M Eckley 4 ran 

Course specialists 


M Scudamore 
D McCann 
Mrs W , r ' 



Winners Runners 















p Warner 
F Scudamore 
J Bryan 
R Crank 

Only quaflfiars 








- 9.6 

The Dliad lands huge gamble ESSS 

The first running of the 
1R£20,000 added Holsten 
Handicap HnrrfJe at Fairy house 
on Saturday featured a whole- 
sale gamble on The Illiad (Ota* 
Irish Racing Correspondent 
writes). The five-year-old 
opened op at 9-4 hot a stable 
investment, said to be mote than 
£100.000, saw his odds trouble 
fo 5-4 on. 

The gamble was duly landed 
as The lEiad took up the rannmg 
in the straight and held the 
persistent challenge of Helynsar 
by two lengths. 

Far from being excited by the 
victory. The Hfiad’s trainer, 
Homer Scott, said afterwards: M I 
have to admit to being rather 
disappointed. I thought he 
wcaM win on the bridle". 

There is a special kind of 
romance in watching Watford 
when they arc playing wdL For 
ail the improvements in the 
qua I i tv of the football and 
facilities at Vicarage Road, the) 
sull have the aura of a fount) 
division club somehow miracu- 
lously marooned in the first 

To have outplayed Liverpool 
in so many areas indicates, 
however, that Graham Taylor's 
team, having consolidated their 
status over the last four years, 
are on the verge of a further 
advance- Watford's best crowd 
of the season (which generated 
record receipts) saw a match 
which was thrilling not just 
because a small town dub 
humbled the League champions 
but because, for a long time, it 
was so finely balanced as Liver- 
pool probed constantly for' a 
way to turn the home side's 
insistent pressure to their own 
advantage- They never found it. 

Taylor's assessment of Wat- 
ford was that they gave “a 
disciplined team performance 
with lots of skill and a lot of 
movement off the baD.” He 
might have added that his 
playcm were far more deter- 
mined to win the ball than their 
opponents. Richardson and 
Jackeu, for example, seemed to 
win more tackles than the whole 
Liverpool team. 

The League champions' other 
obvious railing, apart from a 
rather anonymous mid-field 
which never adequately coun- 
tered the creativity of Calla- 
ghan. was the organization of 
their defence. No doubt the 
Kenny Dalglish, the Liverpool 
manager, has sound reasons for 
continuing to play Lawrenson at 
full back, possibly for the greater 
contribution to midfield which 
the Republic of Ireland inter- 
national can make when he 
moves forward from that pos- 
ition. But Lawrenson is not 
comfortable when defending as 
a full back. All round he is 
probably the best central de- 
fender in the League and Gilles- 
pie, his replacement, as partner 
to Hansen, is not convincing. 

Yet it would be harsh to say 
that the goals Liverpool con- 
ceded were the result of poor 
defending. The first, after 24 
minutes, came from the stan- 
dard near-post corner routine. 
Callaghan put the ball over, 
Barnes flicked it on and 
McClelland headed it in. 

The second, after 62 minutes, 
was altogether of a different 
order. Barnes, who was a de- 
light, danced past Gillespie and 
sprinted from the halt-way line 
to the edge of the Liverpool 
area where, alone with 

converged oh 
him. The solution to his prob- 
lem was a wicked low drive into 
the bottom right hand corner of 
the net, so precise it might have 
been directed by a computer. 

Liverpool ended up looking 
like a poor man's Watford, 
whacking long balls to Gillespie 
who had moved upfield to play 
as an improvised centre for- 
ward. The new Watford, on the 
other band, looked polished and 

Fine Again, who gave Simon for the Two-mile championship, supremely confident of their 
Legree such a hard race at so well probably miss the ability: A little like the old 

ability: A little like the old 
Liverpool in fact 

WATFORD: A Coton. D Bardstey. W 
Rostron. K Richardson, S Terry. J 
McCtekand. N Caflagftan, J Barnes. M 
Fata). K Jacfcett, G Porter. 

LIVERPOOL; B Grohhetaar. G GMnpto. 4 
Begin. M Lawrenson, R Whelan. A 
Hansen, P Walsh. S NeoJ, I Rush. J wark, 
S McMahon (sub: B Venison). 

Referee: B Hit 

West Ham 
make it 
all so easy 

By Vince Wrighf 

West Ham United .......... 3 

Southampton 1 

West Ham. anxious to revive 
their championship challenge 
after recent setbacks, were given 
an easy passage to victory by 
Southampton, who were in- 
ferior in every department 
One wonders if Shilton's well- 
publicised brush with the law 
Iasi week had an adverse effect 
on Southampton's preparations. 
Whatever the reason, their de- 
fence made elementary mistakes 
that led to two of West Ham’s 

There were many pluses for 
West Ham. including the 
successful return of Martin 
following a two-month absence 
due to injury, and the mature 
performance of Ince, who 
scored one goal and made 
another. McAvennie was as 
sharp outside the penalty area as 
inside, while Ward excelled in 

Over the last jump and up the weekend Instead of attempting ri'^^-Vfen-ier^ha t^uSiamDH 
hill, the stylish Ronnie Beggan to concede Jib to Forgiven ton could never shake off^ 
and Oregon Trail were always Forget at Haydock Park.prior to You did not have to be an Alf 
looking the stronger and as so attempting to win the King Garnett to disapprove of 


West Tip is also a possibility, 
but the always enigmatic Peter 
Easterby has not yet decided 
whether to send bis Rehearsal 
Chase winner. Cybrandian, to 
Ascot — with list 121b on his 
back — to take on ' Forgive’ii 
Forget in the Tommy Whittle 
Chase at Haydock on Wednes- 
day or to wait for the £10.000 
Freebooter Chase at Doncaster 
on Saturday. 

The other feature at Lingfield 
was Mareth Line's seven lengths 
win in the Summit Junior 
Hurdle for Martin Pipe, which 
gave Scudamore the first leg of 
his double. 

1 was at Cheltenham and the 
cheers of the Somerset trainer’s 
supporters in the course betting 
shop made the surrounding 
Cotswolds alive with the noise 
of their celebrations. 

■ The bowl of Prestbury Park 
was indeed a home fit for the 
Gods on an afternoon when the 
difis under the summit of 
Cleeve Hill stood out in bold 
relief in the brilliant December 

The sport certainly com- 
plimented its surroundings, as 
both Oregon Trail and 
Pearl ytnan gave performances 
of high promise for the future 
with their victories in the Glen 
International Gold Cup and 
George Stevens Handicap, 

Four fences from home in the 
Glen Internauonal.Very 
Promising slipped on landing 
and lost his chance of winning. 
Then, as the penalized Simon 
Legree started to weaken the 
finish became a duel between 
Mr Moonraker and Oregon 

to Wetherby on the Saturday 
after Christmas to take on 
Badswonh Boy in the Castleford 

The Glen International Bula 
Hurdle and the Daily Express 
Triumph Hurdle Trial both 
resulted in wins for David 
Elsworth, who is training with 
such flair and intuitive 

After Corporal Clinger had 
escaped unharmed from a foil at 
the second flight in the Bula 
Hurdle. Colin Brown gave a 
masterly exhibition of waning in 
front on the promoted handi- 
cap per, Floyd, who beat 
Prides ux Boy by seven lengths. 

“Whatever he lacks in class, 
he makes up for in guts.” said 
the Whitsbury trainer. “ My 
only definite plan is for 
Bambrook Amin to go for the 
HSS Hire Shops Hurdle at 

Just over half-an-hour earlier, 
Ghofor became a possibility for 
the Triumph Hurdle at the 
March meeting when proving 
too strong for Pat's Jester and 
Melendez, whose attempt to 
complete an eight-timer ended 
in defeat but not disgrace. 

News from the Midlands and 
the North included Mark 
Dwyer's treble at Nottingham, 
which brought the Malton- 
based Irishman's total for the 
season to 45. only two behind 
Scudamore. The 7-2 now on 
offer against Dwyer for the title 
makes Jimmy Fitzgerald’s wa- 
ger struck at 100-1 look remark- 
ably good value. 

Finally, Monica Dickinson 
said that Wayward Lad would 
probably go to Doncaster at the 

often bandies a second-season George for the fourth time. 

Saturday’s results 

Cheltenham . Lingfield Paric 

12J0 1, Mr mak (13-2); 2. Against The 
Gran (15-8 feu); 3. CamebeBe (20-1). 7 

1JM. Ghotar (8-1): Z Pat‘3Jester{20- 
1): 3, Metondez M-5 favj. 9 ran. 

1 JO I , Ftovri (7-2k 2, Prtoeaux Boy (3-1 
' AonocftS- 


(7-2): 5 . 

it-fovk 3. Rotti Wonder (10-1)- j 
i )Mav. 8 ran. 

2-15 1. Oregon Tnfl (3-1 Jt4a*fc Z Mr 
Moonraker (73?): 3. Simon Lagreo (4-1). 
Very. P f or-.‘!»ig 3-1 jt-fev. 6 ran. NR: 

(6-in 2. French 
Akram (4-i) 

NewSfo Connection. 

250 1. Poartytn .. 

7 ran. 

3JS'l. Rustttoaefl .. 

3. Merry Jane (12-1). Accuracy it 
13 ran. 


1245 1. 



Utah (8-1 ): 2. Ero-rttn 
LaRoseGrtse(5-2). 14 

ran NR- Old Meg. 

1.15 1. Doom Venture <4-11 fawk 2. 
Court Rater (7-1k 3. Friendly Bee (B-1). 14 
ran. NFfcMastango. 

IAS-1, Ace of- Spies- (11-8 taw): 2. 

12 ^°. 1 -_ k * ,ai 9 0 1*1-4 tewjyt, Hany-e 

(3-1)-, 3. Alto Cumulus tlf-2). 16 ran. 
1-0 1, Bishope Yam (3-1); 2. Matya Mai 
V-* tawfc aWYeoman/i,'. 4 Sn! 

1JD >. Mareth Unt (9-4 tavk 2. Kirn 

J«* (10-1); 3. Guessing (ID-1). ?oTWT* 
..aa K Bgtenta Cress (6-5 taw; 
Mandwta’s nap); 2. Claro Mountain (14- 
1): 3. Maon Venture (100-301. 5 ran. 

2JD1. Veto (S-Ifc'a. Beat TtaHeireat 
(1 1-2); 3 Yatas (f 0&30 taw). 13 ran. 

34) 1, Tnmtge (7-2 iavfc 2. povto 
Fteheiman (4-1); STMarytebone (10-1LT2 

2 fckworm 

(PE* hbi i- 

- 2 taw. 20 ran. NR; vary Special. 


12.45 1 , Carousal Racket (2-1 fav): 2. 
Nos NaGeoimefS-4);3. Hbi ~ - 

U.lBran. NR: Jtmmy-| 


[GtaamarinO-i); 3. Rea Nidi (33-11. 8 ran. 
2.15 1. Lard La ur e nce (Evens) 2. 

, Eton 

Foster 1 1-8 law. 7 ran 
-1.451, BeKy any (5-1 

lfc3, Record Harvest (9-4 favj. 11 1 p—™, isr-.-.v’. 

2.151, Ambreah (7-2): 2. Valeso (4-11; I A Dwewtare. M 

“ — ^Tsren. I S if 0 - F “cAvenme. P Inca. A Cottar, N 

Southampton's tackling. Wal- 
lace and Cockerill were booked, 
along with McAvennie and 
Ward, of West Ham. But there 
were other Southampton off- 

The pattern ■ of West Ham 
pressure was soon set. Within 10 
minutes, errors by Forrest and 
Shilton had gone unpunished. 
Bui Southampton's luck ran out 
when Shilton parried Devon- 
shire's volley, only to be beaten 
by Ince’s follow-up. Clarke re- 
plied with his 15th league goal of 
the season. Case’s free-kick hav- 
ing fallen conveniently for him. 

West Ham look advantage of 
more slack Southampton mark- 
ing to regain the lead through 
Devonshire's diving header af- 
ter 42 minutes. A third West 
Ham goal was always likely, and 
it came in the 62nd Disrate 
when Blake tripped Ince and 
£onee scored from foe penalty. 

HM iMttH}-. p Parkas: S Poos. G 

Rouge (10-11 lav) 2 ran.^t»J) Gniiders ii-i0taw.5rwi. | 

iM 1 . Araatou (7 -i£z, BlKtetftun (3- M5J. Karwranore ps-n 2 , SW souTKAMarmi. a 

4 KivL 3. Santo Boy (33-1). 17 ran^ Tr ?'te*m*en ( 11 - 2 ). | P G Ftarest A 

.ft* C CtarXa. G 

.. Santo Boy 
Bonk <4-9 fayt 3. Easter . . . 
Powerful Paddy (B-1). 16 ran. 




aw i.owi 

(11-a 3. Man 

( 11 - 2 ). 

I few, 4 ran. 

I (7*4 fav); Z Big Togger 
“1(10-1), iflraX 

Hofasoa D Wa lter 
neferea M jamas . 

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Patience is a virtue ^ - aai ^ - a weist 

fhat A»n n »l « n <) ti— . tilt to a 

that Arsenal find 
strikingly poignant 

A Welsh 
tilt to & 

By Clive White 

Arsenal..—.. 3 

Queen's Parte Ranger s! 1 

"pic rest ofthefiist division 

had better start taking Arsenal 
scnously before it is too late. 
Opposing teams have been 
showing insufficient respect 
for their potential which 

sconng 1 6 goals in the last five 

Arsenal's attack has been a 

possesses that knack of being 
in the right place at the right 
time. As when Seaman, hav- 

■ ■ 

_■ l. . * , “ " .HIIHt «UUCI UIU 

JW ■ perhap ^- he e*cep- season. Indeed, Hayes would 
tional but is certainly consis- have left the dub had he taken 

tent enough to carry off the more to thi 
League championship in this field. Instc 
indifferent season. that proud 

With each succeeding vie- hpY c be*ns 
lory - this was their ninth in “ e,f a PP r 
the last 1 0 games - their shell rao “ 
of confidence is becoming T. V 1 ? lo P 
thicker and harder to crack! d,v,s,on - 
There is a unification of Quinn, r 
thought and purpose that is ago becaui 
prevalent in all champion- height, noi 
ship-winning sides, and a following i 
pnde in their work. That was five games, 
reflected by the disgust shown freakish ab 
at conceding their first goal — Saturday v 
scored by Bannister — in ten fine first 1 
hours and 24 minutes at a cious appei 
stage in the game when one was not sa 
would have thought they had ward adve 
earned a right to relax. height ten 

If there is something Aree- a 3 y ' 
nai lack, it is a panache in “vantage 
attack to satisfy the stylists. I ? osl ™« 
Nicholas, who returned in the ? . o’5 ^ ' 
78th minute after an absence lus 82nd m 
of 12 months, will enable Hayes sc 
Arsenal to indulge themselves but was lef 
more in attacking subtleties, the three th 
but will not necessarily add to most decet 
then- firepower. Not that there off the mi 
is anything particularly wrong upright anc 
with that department after a threat as 

testimony to the virtues of ing unnecessarily given away a 
patience, albeit enforced. Nei- comer, dropped Anderson’s 
nor Hayes, two of header in the fourth minute, 
toe 20-year-olds, were consid- Hayes popped up to score. In 
ctcq by, among others, George the next minute, he volleyed 
uraham. the manager, good against the outside of a post 
enough to play a pan in and, when Neill and Mc- 
ArsenaFs future earlier this Donald became entan g led . 
P*°?- Indeed, Hayes would there was the uncoraplicaied 
nave left the dub had he taken Hayes to intervene with a shot 
mwe to the town of Hudders- that flew just wide. He was 
“®lfL Instead, by courtesy of niedy on hand, too, though he 
that proud defence, the two had to turn a defender. 

l* * 11 f lowed to continue The Rangers team, many of 

their apprenticeship m the whom Graham once coached 
mosumlikely workshop of all at youth level at Loft us Road, 
7. l °P floor of the first were long on possession but 
division. short on ideas. For all Lee’s 

Quinn, ridiculed not so long prompting, (hey had no-one 
ago because of his ungainly jwfl* d* perception of Wil- 
height, now demands respect l®®*! who in the fast-half 
following his fourth goal in ® ave *** most delightfully 

more to the town of Hudders- 
field. Instead, by courtesy of 
that proud defence, the two 
nave been allowed to continue 
their apprenticeship m the 
most unlikely workshop of ail 
— the top floor of the first 

Quinn, ridiculed not so long 
ago because of his ungainly 
height, now demands respect 
following his fourth goal in 

five games. There was nothing creative performance I have 
freakish about his qualities on s f en . this season, whether 

Saturday when be showed a 
fine first touch and a vora- 

flighting the ball with pre- 
cision from 30 yards or autia- 

% * ' 



■ pi* ' 

cious appetite for work which ciously swerving shorter 
was not satisfied by his for- passes with the outside of his 

ward adventures alone. But 
height remains his greatest 
ally, providing him with au 

Tool It made you wonder how 
on earth Don Howe, the 
former manager, could not 

advantage which looked al- accommodate him last season 
most unfair when he rose or > raorc pertinently, how 
above Chivers 10 head home Graham will find room for 
his 82nd minute goaL Robson when he is fit this 

j . season. 

Hayes scored the other two arsenal: j lumg v Andarson. k 

Time draws on: Sunset at C xi ernarfon as Welsh cup hopes recede over the horizon towards York (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

More of an exhibition than a contest 

5, ft J ,T!* dCT i 1 l s rf l?m SiSKTa'SoKSga 
(be three that got away. He is a fsa, c wchc! r f . m Homs. 

most deceptive type - quick a 

off the mark, he looks too 1^!' g pmm} t 

upright and inflexible to pose SSS- G J Bvn». w 

a threat as a goalscorer, yet 

Age-old mistakes 
are City’s downfall 

By David Powell 

Nottingham Forest 2 

Manchester City 0 

Three successive League wins 
after defeats by Coventry City 
and Luton Town have re- 
established Nottingham Forest's 
championship credentials. Not 
that Johnny Metgod, their in- 
fluential midfield player, ex- 
pects it to last. He speaks like his 
manager, Brian Clough, when 
he says: “I don't think we are 
championship contenders. With 
youngsters, consistency is a big 

Try telling that to Manchester 
City: experience has not solved 
their problems. With four play- 
ers in their thirties and another 
four in their late twenties, they 
are the nearest thing to 
Methuselah in the first division. 
And the mistakes they made on 
Saturday to give' Forest the two 
goals that beat them were as old 
as the game itself. 

Leaving Birtles unmarked ala 
comer two minutes into the 
second half was an invitation for 
the Forest forward to score his 
thirteenth goal of the season. 
When Carr’s cross came over. 
Binles made ground from out- 
side the area to head in from 
eight yards. In trying far a late 
equalizer, City neglected to post 
a defender in their own half and 
when the ball broke to Cur after 
86 minutes, be had a dear run to 
shoot post Suckling. 

Gaining a 

It was City's third successive 
League defeat but, for the 
bottom club, h was probably no 
worse than they expected 
against Arsenal Everton and 

"They don't look bottom- 
three material" Birtles ven- 
tured. not unreasonably. City's 
weakness, other than momen- 
tary losses of concentration in 
defence, was up front where 
neither Varadi nor Mouklen 
could produce the subtlety re- 
quired to outwit Fairdough and 

Having said that, City threat- 
ened no less than Forest. They 
had a goal disallowed after 
seven minutes when McNab 
worked his way down the right 
and bearSegerswith acteflectioh ' 
off Pearoe. only to discover that 
a colleague on the opposite flank 
bad been ruled of&ide. Segers 
saved well from Gidmnn, and 
Fleming cleared off the line 
from Varadi Moulden was 
twice given room in the penalty 
box but did not Show the 
sharpness one expects of a man 
who has scored eight times in 
seven games. 

Owning, S Pearca, 0 UMkar. C 
Fafcdoubh, N Webb. F Carr, J Motgod, N 
Ctough.G antes. Gl«s. 

equalizer, City neglected to posi p Suctehg; i 

a defends in their ownhalfMd SSrth*. a GmSSh, G Baker (nib: n 
when the ball broke to Cur after rbw). n McNab. i varas. p Modem, d 
86 minutes, be had a dear run to _ r , mnn 

shoot post Suckling. “****• 1 s>lnVB0, r 

Gaining a Aldridge a 
certain dilemma 
notoriety for Evans 

By Simon O'Hagan By Nicholas Harting 

However hard Maurice Ev- 

Chelsea o ans, the Oxford manager, might 

unmkiuiMi * 4 try to change the topic of 

WHnmeoon conversation whenever John 

It seems to be Wimbledon's Aldridge's name is ■ mentioned m 
lot that the matches they win are connection _ with Liverpool he 
either overshadowed by con- fiDd r “ m 

shams*- TffirA, 

division has no. yet Orfort Un ari^ dgjnn that 

come K ., terms v othJhe_p^= 

of Wimbtaion, in toe san y ^ a fcpiacement for Ian 

lhai it took a |or ^ n Rush, who few once could not 

P ^ rather even manage a single goal at 

feCj. ..Y ^r.^nS havoc wher- Watford. Lmipool may 
etyoying causing ha “ M deterred as Evans might wish 


taWe resMCtabraty- ^Two of Aldridge’s goals were 

The feet that most oi headef ^i Rush hhn- 

Chelsea s from self would have been proud of 

inflicted should nm drtrac ^ other one in which he 

a Wimbledon chipped Sealey, the Luton goal- 

ich again sbowai what prob ^«;per, with an audacious lob. 

they can *Ktadfck3dein iSstem brothers, Brian and 

Fashanu, who headed Jus si Mark, helped themselves to 

fro 5 t | f ^ r lSw U ^ho d capiUl : Luton’s goals in the space of 
and Fatrweaflier, who pjw three minutes. 

eedona^pby^foiwraafg Newcastle Umted, with the 

u 2-0 with 3 nai help of a goal from another in- 

minutes later, WCTC f orm forward, Goddard, shared 

handful- w«tnn’s repuia- the points against Chariton 

■ G,V ?" TSS^SSynrar th e Athletic, who had gone ahead 
non for being Iglll ^ a Roeder own-goal 

fi ^ C3S lh3t 5!flhe ^b^uent Leicester < 5*y lost not only 

minute - and ute sj dash ^ al Cratty Chy.ioa 

disinissal of Rougvic wj Reds effort but also Mark 

with Fairweather anw _ ^ Venus, one of nine players 
already been to™** ind ig. dismissed on the day. Leeds 
about as mevtwweaf an * united - supporters and play- 
nant child toodjj. ** alike - provided the worst 

draughts board when in a losing ^ al West Bw^widi 

position. _ looked as Albfon where they lost 3-0, and 
^For a whil ^ e ^Tbut where three players were sent 

WimWcdon killed 1 ^t least, one player’s behay- 
hopes with a jgoal five m “ iour ^ improved - that of 
before half-time from pon^BHreth’s Kennedy who has 

following a quick throv-fl^ ieinpered hb tarldmg. Along 

ter losing half, with Manner, who* gmte tras 

injury early in th® scc f ft ^ 0 eat- responsible for both goals, be 
ChSsea’s defena if’Sas the honoura m the 2-0 

ally taken ap^t “^Lg le jS defeat of Omni Phtoee. 
remarkable *»* JUfSal. a AshwVIlh’s Alton Evans and 

onN added one raore Stev . Hunt will be suspended 

hSer i?*LSSl?* from games apiim<^rd on 
Hodges's 15th mni “! o ( £ wg¥ te k December 20, and Charhoa 
SSSu E ■ j (Bcxinj; Day 1. after exc«di% 2 1 

IXtoUn. Rjss* 0 KSr N SpacWnan, k disciplinary points at Sheffield 

Wednesday. Villa already have 

SaSaRB«LiA.S Martin Keown, Gary Williams 


IMmcOJ Axcefl. 




By Steve Bates 

Oldham Athletic 3 

Shrewsbury Town 0 

Oldham Alhktic's claim to 
first division status next season 
may well be viewed with sus- 
picion given their alarming 
habit of faltering over the 
Christmas period but, after 
Saturday’s flattering win over 
Shrewsbury, even their man- 
ager, Joe Royle, might admit 
their festive fortunes could be 
about to change. 

Watching his team endure a 
searching second-half examina- 
tion as they held on to a tenuous 
lead, Royle could not have 
exposed., them . to win with 
.something to spare. But two 
examples of cool finishin g, by 
Palmer and Henry, in the last 
two minutes made a mockery of 
Shrewsbury’s efforts. 

After Wright diverted a Wil- 
liams cross beyond Perks after 
six minutes, Oldham lost their 
way and only a magnificent save 
by their Scottish international 
goalkeeper. Gonun, denied 

QUMAM ATHLETIC: A Goran; D Irwin, 
WDonochte. A Cdbohan, A Uteghon. G 
WHams. RMrmr.XHamy. T WMgtt. R 
FvKftar. M MBDqan. 

Bams, P Johnson. GLbowtL NPsarson. 
R&oen, BMcNaly, P Tester. M Brown, C 
Robinson, G DBtfc 
Bri i w R Hart (Dartagfcm). 

Frst division 

By Stuart Jonas 


Everton 4 

Norwich City .................. 0 

h was not so much a cc.”Il£, 
mare or un exhibiticn. li was not 
so much 3 first division fix lure, 
more of a graphic and convinc- 
ing illustration of the ever- 
widening gap that divides the 
strong from tile weak. Everton 
collected the praise and Nor- 
wich City were left with nothing 
but sympathy. 

Ken Brown, without nine cf 
his senior representatives, at- 
tempted to cover the gaps in his 
depleted line-up by employing a 
sweeper and ‘'hoping to keep it 
tight". The system never looked 
like being successful. Designed 
to be a tourniquet, it was as 
loose as a bandage without a 
safety pm. 

After his side had been un- 
ravelled. Brown complained 
about “sloppiness". Yet two of 
his limited choices, Goss and 

Rosario, were appearing for the 
first time this season and an- 
other, Sez graves, u as playing for 
the last time before his loan 
period ended. He had been 
borrowed from, of all places, 

Norwich, once the leaders, 
cannot realistically expect to 
remain among the contenders 
unless they are at. or on the na g- 
of, foil -strength. AH but a hand- 
ful of clubs are in the same 
position. Rather than acquiring 
replacements, they must lean 
heavily oc substitutes who are 
inexperienced, inadequate and 

Even without the 
"sksppiness’’. an Everton tri- 
umph was predictable. The 
eventual margin of their victorv 
was as substantial as if, for 
example, Carl Lewis had been 
running for the United Slates 
against India. Norwich were 
credited with second place only 
because there were no other 
competitors in the nice. 

So thorough was Everton' s 
superiority that Pointon, their 

felt back, and Power, bis former 
understudy, were allowed to 
prove that their right feel are of 
more use than merely too 
maintain their balance. 
Pcimon's goal was bis firs! for 
the club and only the third in a 
career of 1 60 games. 

So complete was Even on’s 
dominance that Howard Ken- 
dall could afford to release 
Sharp from imminent danger of 
being sent off. The Scot, at times 
unacceptably abrasive, had de- 
servedly been booked for an 
appalling tackle on Rosario that 
was as high as it was late. Behind 
the referee's beck, he later 
elbowed Seagraves in the face. 

“It was getting a bit hot," 
Kendall said. “There was no 
point in taking chances." 
Everton preceded to take an- 
other of their own. Already three 
up through the unusual strikes 
of Power, Pointon and Steven's 
(after Gunn had inadvisedly left 
his area. Bruce handled 
Sheedy's effort), they added a 
goal of classical beauty. 

Orient do not fear cup draw 

By a Special Correspondent 

The draw for the third round 
of the FA Cup wUl be broadcast 
at 12.30 this morning and 
Orient trill go into the hat with 
none of the trepidation for an 
away pairing that their terrible 
fourth division record would 

On Saturday they pulled off 
the surprise result of the second 
round with a J-C win at Bonrae- 
BKHiih. a side pressing for 
prometioa from the third di- 
vision. Orient’s only other away 
win this season was in the first 
round of the tournament. 0-! at 

Only one non-Leaguc dub 
definitely advanced into the 


Yet Bath, of the GM Vauxhali 
Conference, and Charley, of the 
Multi-Part League, drew with 
League opposition. In so doing 
they also attracted the two 
largest Saturday attendances. 
They were: 10,053 at Ashton 
Gate to see Bath's 1-1 draw with 
Bristol City, and 15.153 at 
Blackburn’s Ewood Park for the 
goal -less result with Preston 

North End. Because of pitch and 
crowd problems at Bath, 
Tuesday’s replay will again be 

Steve Neville, put through by i , 

««srar “ ored re P ,a y n g ht 

Bristol Rovers ongoing first JSaSSl 
round tie, which with postpone- wy into foe FA 

meats and finally a reptayseem C VP 1h V d ?*** 

to have had the duraSon'ofdn:.. 

Heath, spotted by Southall on 
the half-way line, exchanged 
with Sheedy and took his im- 
pudent scoop on the volley. “We 
carried on from Wednesday 
nigh i." Kendall said in reference 
to their 50 win over Newcastle 
United in an otherwise utterly 
insignificant Full Members Cup 
tie. “We were in great form 

He was “delighted" particu- 
larly with Stevens and Watson, 
two England internationals who 
have happily recovered from 
injury, but the whole perfor- 
mance had given him justifiable 
pleasure. “When we have every- 
body available," be added. “I 
will have an embarrassment of 
riches. It is nice to be 
embarrassed.” The East An- 
glians did not share his view. 

EVERTOM; N Souftafl, G Stevens, N 
Ponten. K Ratcfcfte, 0 Watson. P Power. T 
Steven, A Heath. G Sharp. (Sub: P 
UMUnson). A Harper. K Sheedy- 

NORWICH CITY: B Gum. I Cuhrartwuse. 
M Ssagravrsa, S Broca. I Croak, I 
Bunerwarth. J Goss. K DrinkaB. R 
Rosario, T PtAnay, 0 Gordon. 

Reform: J LOvotL 

County feel 
robbed of 
replay right 

Jubilant Middlesbrough 
dawed their way into the FA 

Dylan Thomas once wrote 
about “a capsized field": o field 
that was not only crazHy-a ogled 
on a hill but the size of a cap to 
boot He wasn’t, but he might as 
well have been, writing about 
Caernarfon Town's football 
pitch where, on Saturday. 
Caernarfon's windy boys and c 
bit I™! a brief crack at tem- 
porary immortality by trying to 
boot York City oat of the FA 
Cap. Nan-League against Lea- 
gue. plucky little underdogs;' all 
that sort of thing. An normal 

They earned this tilt at gfary 
on their tilted ground by bearing 
Stockport County in the pre- 
vious round. That was another 
League club (plucky little, etc). 
All in all, not had for a club that 
is miles from anywhere except, 
perhaps, Bangor, and which 
went broke 10 years ago. The 
train — it passes within a mere 
10 miles of Caernarfon — strips 
at Llanfairfechan and Penraain- 
mawr oa the way. 

Despite three disadvantages. 
Caernarfon Town rose phoeaiv- 
like from the ashes of Caernar- 
fon Athletic and then carried on 
rising. They rose from the 
Welsh League !o the cier- 
nrojcatic North West Counties 
League, and then into :he big 
time of the Multipart Leagoe 
(which is actually the Northern 
Premier League in disguise). 
Plucky little... as 1 believe 1 
hare said. 

They made a right mess cf the 
dizzying Multipart set-up to 
begin with, bat then along came 
John King. King, formerly man- 
ager of Tranmere Severs and 
then the noa-Lcagne cinb 
Northwich Victoria, didn't want 
to do it. “I turned them down," 
be said. "I didn't wont to go 
down any farther." 

Bet. in .the end. he com- 
promised by bringing Caernar- 
fon up. His league results have 
been worthy, but it is cup runs 
that gel you noticed. The occa- 
sion had King in good heart. The 
crowd felt the same way, all 
1.976 of them. Most of the 
banter behind the goal was in 
Welsh. There is even a Caernar- 
fon dialect. “Referee, you're a 
pyffT' Well sometimes you have 
to compromise to get your 
meaning over. 

Most of the crowd's advice to 
the players was in Welsh, hot 
there were only two in tire side 
who might have understood. The 
rest come from Merseyside; the 
side trains on Merseyside: but, 
in order to feel more kike a home 
side, they all stayed in Caenrcr- 
fon on Friday Bight. They stayed 
at a hotel called the Black Boy, 
bat their centre-forward,. Austin 

" wove iuu uie uurnuuu uiAuc.- • on* tnerr eeoire-rorwam, adscb 

hundred year war, was finally *“«>" nvals NoUS County. Salmoa. csn take all rbefok'es in 

round in which tbe big clubs of staged at Ashton Gale. 

division one and two take pan. 
They arc Telford, victors over 
fdlow GM Vauxhali confed- 
erates. Altrincham, another side 
with an enduring FA Cup 
fighting tradition. 

Paul Bodin stunned Bristol 
City with an Sktfa minute goal to 
earn Bath’s replay after switch- 
ing into the attack for the last 
quarter of an hour. Earlier, Bath 
had contained Bristol until 

settled, at Griffin Park. Brent- 
ford avenged last season's FA 
Cup defeat with a 2-0 result after 
a bizarre game in which Jamie 
Murray was ordered off and 
then recalled. 

A linesman seemingly drew 
referee, Martin Bodenham's, 
attention to a case of mistaken 
identity after he had sent off 
Murray. Rovers’ defender. Mick 
Tabber. was booked instead. 
Brentford will now journey to 
Cardiff on Tuesday for then- 
delayed second-round tie. 

Walsall and Wigan recorded 
the biggest wins of the day with 
5-0 successes against Port Vale 
at home and Dartmgtoa away 

But County claimed they 
should have had a replay after a 
controversial offside derision 
deprived them of an equaliser. 

Middlesbrough had gone 
ahead after 53 minutes when 
Slaven played in a superb cross 
which the defenders thought 
was going out of play. Hamilton 
thought otherwise and scored 
from dose range. 

County pressed forward and 
felt they had a laie equaliser 
when their top scorer. Ian 
McFarland, put the ball in II 

his stride. 

Salmon is the very model of a 
modern English centre-forward: 
fast, muscular, LnrerpooJ-nc- 
rented and, naturally, black. It 
was very nearly his great day. 
but no! quite. He had three 
gallant runs at goal — twice be 
was forced wide, and then, in ths 
final threshing, seconds, bang- 
ing a half-volley over the top. 
“Sorry lads, sorry," be said in 
tbe dressing room afterwards. 

But be bad a good game — 
indeed, so did everybody- The 
game was grand but goalless. 

But afl if r Caernarfon headed off the line, 
SSKSflSLft Hughes plunged about as god- 

referee disallowed the goal and 
the County fens erupted in ftuy. 


3 OPR 

1 Human * 

Chebaa 0 WoMMoa 4 

Cawnuj 1 L ei cest er o 

Everton 4 Nonvfch 0 

Hottn Forest 2 Han City 0 

Orion! 4 Luton 2 

Sheffield Wad 2 AVBe 1 

WKfonl 2 Lhetpool O 

West Nan 3 SoaSaiepten 1 


- (ft ,.u orto< , «iu of MAHUTO (2) STOTTEWm ffl 3 

try to change the topic or wwteakja. Matouc. Moran 

conversation whenever John Davenport 2 (1 pan) to* C Man 

Aldridge's name is mentioned in 3&8S7 

connection with Liverpool he p w o L F a pis' 

may find it difficult to resist Arsenal 1811 4 3 30 9 37 

overtures for his dub’s prize Nottm Forest I811 2 5 40 24 35 

assei m ** sss« « 1 < s » g s 

current prolific scoring rate. _ west Hot ib b t 4 2a 28 30 

He scored three more goals m stwutouwad ta 7 a s 34 as za 

Oxford United's 4-2 win that vs g 5 | 21 ia 29 

interrupted Luton Tswss surge 18 8 5 5 26 28 29 

up the first division. In thexr Tottenham ia 7 5 6 2 * 22 

search for a replacement for Ian wmtard w Z f I S S & 

Rush, who for once could not ggJS'SSed tl.l alii® 
even manage a single goal at southmnptor 18 7 2 9 34 39 23 

Watford. Liverpool may not be opn w s * 9 « 25 19 

as deterred as Evans might wish IS 2 S I IS i JS 

by the mice of £1 ntifijemfor cnarton ta 5 310 19 30 is 

Aldridge, who not only looks a Wa 18 5 310 22 38 is 

like Rush, but supported Liver- 11 i f 1 ?2 U 

pool from the Kop- Mancaty is 3 6 9 it 25 is 


self would have been proud of uneonoi 
the other one in which he qu.vMDCHAaOOWERBBC&Bafmts, 
chipped Sealey, the Luton goal- ratMetmincier £ Boston I. Scarborough 
keeper/ with an audacious lob. MrSSSi- 

The Stein brothffs, Br^and iX^^aS^WKSSf i 

Mark, helped themselves to Weymouth i;Wa«ng a Kattartng 3. 

hHlS. n roiron(^_ *** ° VWPWML^P B. t£MIU E: Pissfor «- 

three minutes. vtotes aatop's Stotttort 3. Craydoo t: 

Newcastle United, with the Putwicft?. B atUngh: fendon 

P c,p f& uESSTT t 

form forward, Goddard, shmed Windsor Bon 3. St Alban 0: WoMrtaani 
the points against Charlton ae®p?» i; WortWng 2. Hilctoi 0; ftort 
Athletic, who bgH none ahead 1 torahaton 0. PotUrad: WMt&a- 

stow v Haves. Ftat Bfflencay 0. 

with a Roetto owMoaL Bradawl ^BortfimwQod 6. Ktos ' 

Leicester City lo6t not only 2: Epsom and bmor z. wauw 
the match at Ctreentiy Cfty, to a 
Regis effort, but ato hfa* 

Venus, one ot nine players 0, 
dismissed on the day. Leeds 

United - supporters and play- ^ doi>iii _ i>toj hbiiuii 

ers alike - morided the worst ilaStom zisSiSi wUhmI 

mayhem at West Bromwich gon* row 6, Ch 

Albfon where they lost 3-0, and . 

where three players were sent HeyfrtoSwfts^; t^i . Homcftjrdi i, 

off . WaurtBi Motors 1, Hamsay Borough % 

Ax least, one player’s befaav- Woflwni s, Royston 1. Stax# 
iour has improved- that of s fc*g3S5 r *»%St 

Ports mosSh’s Kennedy who has Soar £ wmimi RaSnwa hmS5t§ 
lempercd his tackling. Along Met Poles l.cnauow St Petari:Moiec«v 
with Mariner, whose guile was &££?£% i' 

responsible for both goafc, he ^ ^ 

of&vSSl^ 10 IBILTOMir LEAGUE Banmr Guy Z 
defeat dl Oysuu rnmee . MosdOyft Bonon 1. Buxton a; Burton 4, 

Aston Villa’s Alan Evans and Soumpoit 3; Goota a. Wortonqun 1; Hyde 

$teve Hunt will be suspended 
from games against Oxford op 
December 20,^ and Chariton 


Second division 

BfrmtagJiwn 1 Btaeicburn 

Brighton 2 Bradted 

Dorttj 3 Ranflag 

IknlilnruTinbl HiIbImIimi 

rWOWIIiBKl DminuBy 

HUD 1 Granste 

W9 *ich 2 SheHieWUH 

OUtem 3 Stnwfew 

Portsmouth 2 C Palace 

P ortsm o u th 2 C Palac 

StekB 1 FXjrmotith 

Sumtetend 1 MVmA 

WntBronnrich 3 Lmds 




Leeds UfWOd 











Blackbum n 


1811 4 3 31 16 37 

1810 6 2 23 11 38 

18 & 6 3 2S 21 33 

1810 3 S 24 17 33 

IB 8 4 6 25 19 28 

18 7 7 4 28 23 28 

18 8 3 7 22 19 27 

15 6 7 5 23 21 25 

18 S 7 S 18 17 25 

18 6 G 8 25 25 24 

IB 7 3 8 18 Z7 Sft 

18 7 2 9 21 20 23 

18 S 8 5 22 25 23 

18 6 4 3 20 20 22 

18 7 110 22 32 22 

18 5 C 7 18 21 21 

18 6 3 9 18 23 21 

17 5 4 8 25 28 19 

17 5 4 8 25 30 19 

17 4 4 9 16 22 18' 

16 4 3 9 IB 27 15 

17 2 7 6 13 20 13 

Z Mattock 4: Mam 1. MacdocfieU a 
Oswestry 5, Gatosbarough 1: Worksop 0, 
Rhyl 0. 


Fotkestona 1, Shepstwd 0; King's Lynn 1, * 3 

0-. Ssatowr o, MwMxch 0; halls brewery klubbc league: 

VWloohafl 1. Bedworth Z P ue tp ou wfc Prmnterrflvtaiorr Atwwdoo 1. Wantage 0; 
Raddttch v CamOndge Qty. ScBtoMnt Fatftora2. Hounstev^Mcnts Motors I, 
c Bufatee OyBian 0. Sheppyl: Dor- Ainngdor a Thame a Raynors Lara ft 
Chester 3. Gravwwtd md NCrthSeet 0: VttJriq Sports 0. Brastar 1: Yaw 1. 
Dunstable 0. Astttort 1; Ento am) BM- Walralcrd 1. Cop: Pint round roptay: 
MBdgre 3. Ru aBp 3; P°ote 4. Waartoov^ Batomnn Picteons i. lMctt4, 

P??- J_<*g"*5Sg. T r g*g a g Baafoy 1; Newport 2, Gosport Borough 

1. t^amgs_4. aaMUM tSidaott BUstCri^. i; Roads Sea 2, Portsmouth ft Homdsan 

Third division 

Mw e fi ted 1 Blackpool 1 

PW D L F A Pts 

Gfikgham 1811 4 3 2S 13 37 

MkJdfosbrouch 1810 5 3 31 16 3S 

BoumonwSi 1710 3 4 25 IB 33 

Blackpool 18 B 7 3 32 18 31 

Notts County 18 9 4 5 31 20 31 

Swkxfcn IB 9 4 5 23 23 31 

Mans held 18 610 2 20 16 28 

Doncaster R 17 B 3 6 26 21 27 

BnstOlC 17 7 6 5 24 14 26 

Watsal r 18 7 4 7 34 32 25 

Wtoan 18 8 1 9 30 31 25 

fmom 18 6 5 7 26 30 23 

Brentford 17 6 4 7 23 26 22 

Chesterfield 18 6 4 8 26 34 22 

YOri. 18 6 4 B 23 34 22 

Bolton W 18 5 S 8 26 27 20 

BrtsteiR 16 5 5 8 20 23 20 

Chester 18 311 4 19 24 20 

Carfsle 18 5 4 9 17 27 19 

Newport County 18 4 6 3 24 28 18 

DariingtDn 16 4 4 B 17 27 16 

Bray 17 3 6 B 20 25 IS 

Rotherham Utd 18 4 311 16 30 15 

portvale 17 3 & 9 23 29 14 

2. Halstead 0: Brentwood 2. East Thur- 
rock Z BnghUsi raea ft Chekncten 1: 
Panvey island Z Burnham 1: Stans toe! 2. 
Makton 2; WttMm 1. PurOeet 3. 
riMwsfl Z Reading 0. West Ham 6; 
Southampton 6, Ipswich Z Tottenham ft 
Arsenal 1 

Second round: Cheltenham 1. 
MangotefleM 5; Ctoderiord 2. Shortwood 
4; Moreton 2. Avon St Phffips ft H a n fa rook 
Z Almonds bury 85 1: Sharpness 3. 
Frampton 1. Senior ornate im or Third 
round: Chshenham Saracsns 0, Bymackc 
1: Tewkes&ury YMCA 1. Ctrewasfera 

PmteortMsiocE AUngdon 1. Wantage ft 
Fatfford 2. Hounslow 4; Merits Motors I, 
Abingdon ft Thame ft Raynors Lone ft 
Wing Sports 0. Btccsttr 1; Yota 1. 
WjlrigtCTri 1. Cop: First round roptay: 

Badmnon Rcksons i. Bdeot 4. 

HANTS SawOR CUP: AFC Totton 1, 

FA Cup 

First round replay 

Brentford 2 Bristol R 0 

Second round 

Aldershot 3 Colchsster 2 

Bolton 2 Tranmere 0 

Bournemouth © Orient 1 

Bristol C . 1 Bath 1 

Caernarfon 0 York 0 

Chester ' 3 Doncaster 1 

Charley 0 Preston 0 

Peribigtoa 0 Wigan 5 

Fu&rarn 2 Newport - 0 

Oatndmn 2 Chelm sf o r d 0 

Rochdale 1 Wrexham 4 

Scunthorpe 1 Runcorn 0 

Southend Northampton P 

Swansea 3 Slough 0 

Swindon 3 EnfMd 0 

Telford 1 Altrincham B 

WatsaB 5 PMVtde 9 

Second round 

GaJtoway 4,ra7 

NOTTS CO (0) 0 mOO-BORO (D) 1 


Fourth division 

Scottish premier chviston 

Dundee U 


Dundee Utd 


2 Dundee a 

0 Ahenteoo 0 

1 Motbenrefl 0 

0 Ctydrtoeiric Q 

0 Rangers 0 

0 Keans 0 

P W D L F A Pts 
2317 4 2 48 13 36 
2313 6 4 37 17 32 
2312 7 4 31 19 31 
2213 4 5 37 14 30 
2311 8 4 35 17 30 
23 9 5 9 31 29 23 
23 6 9 8 18 2T *1 
23 S 611 21 32 18 
23 4 811 22 37 18 
23 4 712 19 42 15 
23 4 514 17 46 13 
22 1 516 17 46 7 

Scottish first division 












p w D L F A Pts 
1815 2 1 51 22 47 
1510 5 3 29 16 35 
1710 3 4 31 17 33 
18 8 5 5 32 27 29 
15 7 6 2 30 16 27 
18 6 9 3 24 15 27 

17 B 3 6 25 23 27 
IB 7 S 5 23 24 27 
IB 6 6 6 26 M 24 

18 7 3 8 27 28 24 
17 6 S 6 29 26 23 

Wolverhampton 18 7 2 9 18 23 23 

Ttoury 1; Layton 1Mngn» *. samrec * 
Mtttenhrad i. LaathaSwee ft SouftwWi 
ft Hampton 4; Stevenage Baough ft 

1, Oxford 

SLSiSftHafe?: W^ftltlchBSarO. 

1. Hastings 4. Mkfiwd dMHK SUstcn 2, 
VS Rugby 1: ftldgnonh 1, Hetesowen Z 
Buckingham 2, Forest Green Rows ft 
Gioucsster Cay 1. Gramham 5: Merdwr 

Tydfil, Hednesford ft tea Oak 

StAAridfR 1; MfiW Green 1. Bstbury ft 
Rushdflfl 0. Leanwigton ft Staton Cbw- 
field ft WeBngbuough ft Poetpoimit 
Lelcecter City v Ccwerary Sportng. 
Foresters 4. Salopians 2. 

Branham i. Cfaflcm ft Harwich and 
Parkeston ft Ely Qty ft Lowestoft Q, 
Braintree ft March 1, FefiAsme 2j 
Sdiam Ftengere 0. Suaury 3; Tiptrao ft 
Bury 0. Core StowmartM ft Osctsi 1; 

ftRomsey i. 

raw* Pegasus Juniors 8. WoodmteO. 
romt Brimsdown Rovers 6, CrUl Service 
4 Crown and Manor 1, Beckton ft 
Denson 1. Ford 2 laatK East Hem 4. Eton 
Manor Z HanweH 5, BROB Barnet ft 
Pmnst: ft conrafkan Casuals l; Scuth- 
cate 6. CtHratord ft wantewotih and 
Norwood 3, feetenham 0: 







13 5 7 6 20 23 22 

17 S 7 5 18 21 22 

18 6 4 8 20 27 22 

IB 5 6 7 22 23 21 

17 6 3 8 20 26 21 

18 4 8 6 29 30 20 

Brechin 2 Mo oh o ae 

Dunfermta 2 Forfar 

Efife 2 KtommodE 

Morton 3 Oyds 

Partfok 0 Dumbarton 

Crimen of Sih 0 Airdrie 

P W D L F 

DuntarmSm 2313 5 5 34 

Dumbarton 2313 4 6 38 

Morton 2311 S 7 44 

. EOSt Fite 23 8 11 4 38 

Airdrie 2310 4 9 30 

Queen of Sth 23 7 9 7 32 

Forfar Ath 23 7 8 8 34 

Kttnamock 23 8 510 33 

Clyde 23 511 7 28 

Partick 23 e 8 9 30 

Brechin 23 7 313 26 

Montrose 23 4 514 18 

Scottish Cup 

First round 

Atown 2 Arbroath 

Ayr 3 Arum Ath 

Cttxfontan 2 ABoa 

POricstM Berwick 

Peterhead 1 E Stating 

Sdifing 3 Cowdermea 

P w D L F A Pte 
2313 5 5 34 20 31 
2313 4 6 38 25 30 
2311 5 7 44 31 27 
23 811 4 38 33 27 
2310 4 9 30 28 24 
23 7 9 7 32 33 23 
23 7 8 8 34 36 22 
23 8 510 33 30 21 
23 511 7 28 30 21 
23 8 8 9 30 34 20 
23 7 313 26 44 17 
23 4 514 18 42 13 

Scottish second division 

CsmbndgeUU 17 4 7 6 25 28 19 






18 4 7 7 20 2fi 19 
18 5 310 21 29 18 
18 2 B 6 15 22 U 
18 2 S 8 21 34 1< 
17 2 312 9 33 9 

PW D L F A Pts 
RflithR 17 8 8 1 39 22 24 

Meadowbanfc 1710 3 4 31 12 23 
AfcionR 17 IQ 2 5 30 25 22 

Ayr Untied 17 9 4 4 28 24 22 

AfoaANedc 1710 2 5 27 24 22 
Sorting Ate 17 8 5 4 21 12 21 

Srit Jahnstone 17 6 7 4 27 25 19 

Stranraer 17 5 6 B 23 20 16 

Queen s Park 17 4 7 6 24 27 15 

Cowdenbeath 17 B 3 B 21 26 15 

Berwick 17 3 5 9 22 30 11 

Stenhsmulr 17 3 410 15 29 10 

Arbroath 17 4 211 20 37 10 

EStirfhg 17 1 610 12 27 8 

East Gnaswed ft tenM ft Second 
round rofStrp Little Common Albion 0, 
5hortitam l: Newluven t. Oakwood ft 
Psgham ft Seatord 1; Paacehaven end 
Tetecombfi l. Horsham 0. Leagtx cup: 
Firel round: Franktanda Vtaage ft Hay- 
wards H«Rh ft Hurt dMaioic Horsham 
YMCA- 0, UUehampton ft Laridng 1. 
Burgess Hi ft- Wcfc 8. CWchestw ft 
Poa^orcft Hatisltam v Three Bridges. 
WESSEX LEAGUE: Lymington 2, 
Brockanhurst J; Portals 3. Hgvant 1; 
Thtocham 0, Boumamoum T-, Wg U wqrthy 

WfLTETOtE SENIOR OJP: Fata round: 
Hfoh wtatti ft Purton ft Pmehurst 1 , Penh! 

Easy winners 

A combined European judo 
team beat an Asian select by 17 
bouts to I i yesterday in an inter- 
continental competition in 

PiemitacflvHoKAHFCfon a. Parsley Celtic 

1710 3 4 31 12 23 
1710 2 5 30 25 22 
17 9 4 4 28 24 22 
1710 2 5 27 24 22 
17 8 5 4 21 12 21 

steadft Mfcenftofl 
Letdwonh GC 3. Aveley ft Rafoham 1. 

c» ft Otirwtort ft Wanteworft and Dfcnaijy4.Bosfonre0;Emley1 1 B^»rft 
Norwood 3, feckfinhamO: Gwsetey l.BerfiSyVW ft Long Eaton 0, 

ihvialm: Bariuroside 1, Amersham i; w® 33 ™ Staton 1. Harrogate 0. 

RfldhM ft Nortowood ft Yeadng 3, SM9WOPP BUSH LEAGUE: Ards ft 
Etttmra i: Wamrani AKwy ft Beacara- Pcrstfown 1; Battymn; 0. LmOaK ft 
I Wo0. Camck 2. ftewrv 5: Cnsaders i Lama 1 

2. PMarsflaid ft SouOull T, Dorkng 
Whyteteafe ft Cheitny ft WoWng 2, 
Hutgerfon) 4, 

■U.TFAHT LEAGUE: Banov Cay ft 
Mos&JeyO; Barrow 1. Buxton ft Burton 4. 
Souwpoitft Goole4. Workinqttn 1: Hyde 

rater dhfeiw: CtapsttM 1. Ash i; 
CoWtam 4, Virginia Water 0. Cove o. 
Famnam a Cronfo^i 1. Meraifom 4, 
Fhrntoy Green 0, Farfeigh Rorars 1; 
Godaww«2.Bae Wbybridgc ft Mckw. o. 
Chohrisan ft Maknn VUo ft Hanley 
wwney 2: Westfield ft Honey 4. 

firel ffirtafoiG Bodknnxn 0, Gratna 1: 
Goosed 2. North Sfwlds ft South Bank 1, 

S3?Bi4 T, sj^rft 0 ’ *•» ft 

ESSEX LEAGUE: SeBfordMsfoK fiaxas 

LEAGUE: Premier dMMro Artesey 4. Si 
Neots ft Desboroti&h ft AmpfhN ft 
EynasOurv 0. Irtnlingborough 1 ; 
Kampstnn 0. $ and L Corby Pnoon 1. 
Bataoek 4; Raurejs 1 , Wooton 1; Rothwefl 
a N arai antot on Spencer 1; Stotfokl o. 
SamfoTO t Cop: Br^kiey 0. ting 
Buskbyl. ^ 

NORFOLK SEtQOfl Clff: Seoand iWM: 
Wso ft Great Yarmouth i: Gortesun 1 
Nawfoo Flolitan ft. Swafflum 1 , Wattopft 
ThdltoTOft Nonweh 1. 

Ponadown 1; BaAymane 0. Lmflaid ft 
Camck ft Newnr 5i Crjsaites 1. Lame 1: 
DiSttery 1. CfltomiJte 4; Senavon ft 
Baigof ft Qanuran 0, Coleraine 1. 

dfvtakw Cambridge 4. Southend ft 
Cheb&a 4, Warlord ft GAmtaam 0. 
Arsenal ft OrteRt 1. Ftaharo ft Tottenham 
5. Norwich ft West Ham 0, Portsmouth ft 
Second (tension: Btxrnemoutti ft Totten- 
ham 3; Brighton 5. Oxford ft Crvsti 
Palace 8. fk&sm 1: Soutftamptoa ft 
tiaon t; Swindon ft NarfiiamptoR 3. 

Second roumt Eastto-jne i. Potfieu 1; 

disciplinary points at i 
Wednesday. Villa already have 
Martin Keown, Gary Williams 

WWUDWfc oj atmiila Martin ncowo. v«y wuuams 

wwartsan. V w and Paul Elliott serving 

£2U C G F hKST^' suspensions. 

Referees H King. 

ri j- n ■“ 

il --s sisjajsjssssssgssjs^sisssssssj isiss s ssssl^ 

t ana keepers should on such oco- 
"“y- sfons and made one roemoraWe, 
if vrfaollr invohaitajry, save. 
Great positioning, sob. 

Both goals remained virginal, 
though liable to -submit to tbe 
0 advances of tbe opposition at 
o any minute. Faster and Caster 
they flew about the cap-sized 
| field as a mustard-seed suo gave 
o way to a sloe-black, slow, black 

A pts « doad - 

13 33 It was almost bat not q trite n 

17 32 be. Caernarfon battled and bat- 
5 in "We battled and battled.'* 
17 30 said King. "Pluck)- (idle Caer- 
» 23 narfoa Town comma.” said the 
^ reporters, dictating' like daleks 
J7 IB over the single, shared, l el- 
12 15 epbone. ’ 

j® ’3 Bat everyone knows the rales. 
93 Plucky little nndertfogs always 

get sniffed in tbe replay. Well 
3 almost always. “We're still in 

0 iu" King said. “It’s lovely. We 
2 canid still be playing Mancbes- 
2 ter United in the third round, 

1 couldn't we? We're still in, we're 
A Pts sriU'o-" 

1 1 Leeds face FA 
|| inquiry 

g I on match fire 

14 20 . , 

i4 17 By Dennis Shaw 

12 13 . . 

Leeds United and their 
supporters wifi face another 
investigation by the Football 
1 Association after the latest an- 
a cidem in which c fire was started 
P ia a grotradsoun's hat after their 
0 yO defeat at West Bromwich 

0 Albion. Bert Miliichip, in his 
capacity as president of West 

HBn Bromwich Albion, and chairman 
a pts of the FA, will today instigate 
2 24 the inqniry. 

| | Last night Miliichip declined 
§ ^ W comment on the likely oot- 
*4 22 come, bnt he intimated that a 
| 21 dob video would be available co 
| help ideotily- cdprits. The cam- 
7 is etas were directed at the pvt of 
!6 15 the ground near which visiting 
® fans broke down a steel shatter 
7 and set fire to the hat. containing 
7 e mowers and quantities of petrol- 
During the aftersoon's may- 
hem, 19 fens were ejected from 
od oi the ground and 17 arrests were 
i end made. Firemen bad to fight to 
contain tbe blaze. 

JlSn It is the second time in recent 
tg 1, weeks that Leeds fens have 
started a fire at an opposition 
^ a groood. They did so at Odsal 
i 2, stadium, Bradford, where they 
m i; ovemmed a fish and chip van 
rainy setting fire to the grassy banK 
w , aro ad it Some 38 months agn 
anhs they were instrumental in start- 
(aet). fog one of football’s worst riots 
ai Hnninglsain City. 

Sid tineas, the West Brom- 
iudn wich Albion chairman, said last 
jv 17 oighb "We allocated a limited 
nier- sopply of 2,000 tkkels lo Leeds 
: n for controlled sate. We did not 
sell any at The Hawthorns." 

* • 




Ponsford dreams of a 
bygone age while 
Gatting slumbers on 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Melboarne 

England look to be on the 
way to beating Victoria here in 
what is billed as the Sir Robert 
Mepzies Memorial Match. It 
is also die match in which the 
great Bill (W H) Ponsford 
came and witnessed a stand 
named in his honour. Now 
aged 86. “Ponny”. is the only 
man to have made two qua- 
druple hundreds; but I fancy 
the' modern game bemuses 

After beginning this present 
game without a captain, who 
was absent without leave on 
Saturday morning, Engla n d 
bowled Victoria out for 101 
and took a first innings lead of 
162. They were then held up 
by rain yesterday afternoon 
before Victoria, in their sec- 
ond innings, made 56 without 

The freak storm, which took 
off the roof of one of the 
stands at the Adelaide Oval on 
Saturday afternoon, _ had 
enough left in it by the time it 
readied Melbourne just before 
lunch yesterday to cause flash 
floods and cost nearly three 
hours' cricket. 

England had just been 
bowled out, having taken their 
first innings from an over- 
night 128 for 6 to 263 with the 
utmost dash. French, spurred 
on bv Richards's Test hun- 
dred in Perth, showed the way, 
and Lamb and Foster (who is 
becoming quite a batsman) 
followed him, all three playing 
many robust strokes. Ian 
Redpath, who now coaches 
Victoria, wondered what on 
earth could have come over 
the Poms. 

It is a fairly typical Mel- 
bourne pitch, having enough 
movement and unpredictabil- 
ity in it to make for a close 
game of lowish scores. By 
which 1 mean England's 263 
rather than Victoria's 101, the 
latter being the product of 
some very poor batting. Of 
Gatling's four wickets on Sat- 
urday for example, three came 

to catches at long leg off short 

ft has probably happened 
before that a touring captain 
has missed the start of a first- 
class match through 
oversleeping, as Gatting did 
here. 1 can certainly think of a 
few who might have, more of 
them because of a later night 
than a life free from worry. 
Gatling’s aberration was more 
of an embarrassment, I 
thought, than a disgrace, just 
as the attempt to cover up for 


VICTORIA: First Innings 101. 


First Innings 

W N Stock c sub b Hughes 10 

CWJAHimcHbbertb Hughes 58 

jJWNahercFmorbHughas 0 

D 1 Gower c DimatUna b (TDormoB 23 
CJFUchardscDodetnalilebO Dannefl 0 
MW Gatting cWhataiorebDodernakte 1 
S N Freneti c Whatmore b Dodenwoa 58 

AJLantocsubbDMonalde 46 

P H Edmonds c Dimattina b Dodamado 0 

N A Foster not out 48 

G C Smafi c Dodamaiclu b Bright 3 

Extras (b 10. to 6. u* i.nbT) IB 

Total 283 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-28, 2-30. 3-58, 4- 
78. 5-63. 6-128. 7-183, 8-198. 9-238. 10- 

BOWUNG: Hughes 18-6-76-3; Dams 1-0- 
1-0; Dodemakfa 23-6-78-4; ODonMI 22- 
4-78-2; Bright 46-1-16-1. 


Second Innings 

D F Wh a tmore not out 39 

ArCDodemofcfeflotouf — 11 

Extras (b 2. to 1, fto3) 6 

Total ttarQwM) 56 

BOWLING: Smai 8-2-18-0; Foster 6-1-21- 
0; Gatling 42-1 -14-0. 

I 0 Frazer, D M Jones, P Hftbert, J D 
addons. S P CTDonneU. fM G 0 
Dimattma, M G Hughes, "R G Bright and S 
P Davis to bat. 

Umpires; H CBtriftattieend DWHott. 

it by referring to the captain's 
“indispostion” was well in- 
tended, but naive. It was a 
10.30 start and Gower tossed 
up and led England for a 

What seemed to be more 
unhealthy, because it was 
deliberate, was the reluctance 
with which England took the 
field yesterday evening, 
Gatting' leading them, after a 
second delay for rain. They 
had started by running off 
without so much as a by-your- 

Pollock bludgeons 
Hughes’ bowlers 

Pretoria (Reuter) — Graeme 
Pollock steered South Africa loa 
comfortable victory over the 
Australian “rebels” in their first 
limited overs day-night game on 

Pollock, who is retiring at the 
end of the season after first 
playing for his country 22 years 
ago. bludgeoned 62 to ensure 
South Africa’s six-wicket win 
with 1 7 balls to spare in a match 
reduced to 44 overs because of 
rain. Hie Springboks scored 239 
for four in reply to the 
Australians' 238 for jive. 

South Africa had an early 
shock, losing Fotheringham. the 

a Kninp batsman, leg before to 
ogg for nought. But McEwan, 
formerly of Essex, then joined 
Cook in a century partnership, 
McEwan hitting nine fours in 
his 68. 

When Cook was bowled by 
Faulkner for 45. Pollock im- 
mediately set about the Austra- 
lian bowling, his runs coming 
from 63 balls 
Earlier the “rebels” were 
given a whirlwind start by Smith 
and Dyson — the opening pair 
adding 64 in 51 minutes. Smith, 
voted man of the match, was in 
ebullient mood, striking two 
sixes and seven fours in his 59. 
But once the pair were dis- 
missed. the Australian innings 
lost direction, although Wessels, 
bom in South Africa, gave his 

Day proves 
a point 

One can understand Tony 
Day being more than a little 
peeved at being omitted from 
Britain's team for the European 
Cup racing in Malmo. Sweden, 
next weekend (Roy Moor 

Encouraged by' his double 
triumph in Toronto a week ago 
he so dominated the two in- 
dividual medlay events for the 
City of Leeds in the Hewlett- 
Packard National Club 
championship final at Liverpool 
on Saturday that even Wigan's 
Olympic finalist, Stephen 
.Poulter, and Grant Robins, the 
Portsmouth swimmer chosen 
for Malmo, were tailed off. 

It is Day's misfortune that 
selection for the European Cup 
tournament was made before be 
left for Canada, where be brain: 
Poulter’s British record for tbe 
400 metres. Over the 200 metres 
air Saturday be improved his 
Welsh record to 2 mins 7.35 
seconds. “Tbe disappointment 
of being left out of the team for 
Malmo has fired me to prove 
my true form to the selectors,” 

Day’s successes helped his 
Leeds dub win the champion- 
ship for the fourth successive 
year, but not before their Euro- 
pean and Commonwealth 
champion. Adrian Moorhouse, 
met with a surprise defeat by 
Britain's number two. Nick 
Gillingham, of Birmingham, in 
the 200 metres breaststroke. It 
was a different story in the 100 
metres breaststroke in which 
Moorhouse left Gillingham 

One has to congratulate Nova 
Centurion for making Leeds 
fight the whole way to keep the 
team title by 12 points. 

countrymen a sizeable total to 
chase by top scoring with 75. 
white Faulkner scored an attrac- 
tive 37 not out from 29 balls in 
an unbroken sixth rocket 
partnership of 67 with Wessels, 
the former Australian Test 
player who has now returned to 
South Africa. 

Hughes, the captain, later 
complained that his request to 
have the floodlights turned on 
during an overcast afternoon 
took too long. 


S Smith c Richardson b Mathews 59 

J Dyson run out — 9 

K Wsssste not out — — 75 

K J Hughes b Van 2yi 16 

M Taylor c Hiehanteofi b M cMflu i 20 

M Haysman c Richardson b McMNan -5 

P Fndawr not out — 3 

Extras (to 9. w 4. nfa 4) -17 

Total (5 wkts. 44 overs) — — — 238 
FAU. OF WICKETS: 1-64. 2-79. 3-118. 4- 

BOWLING: Le Roux 9-0-52-0; Van 2*17-0- 
33-1; McMillan 10-047-2: Mathews SO- 
41-1; Rios 9-0-560, 


H R Fotherirmfiam tow b Hogg 0 

S J Cook b Faulkner 45 

K S McEwan c Ffaon b Bachamm >.68 

R G Poflock C Ftaon b Alderman 62 

C E B Rica rxH out 36 

K A McKenzie not out 14 

Extras (to 12, w 1. (to 1} 14 

Total (tour tickets, 41. t ovsrs) 239 

FAU. OF WICKETS: 1-3. 2-104,3-148,4- 

DU not bat ELM. McMBan, D J. Richard- 
son. G.S. la Roux. BA. Matthews, CJ. 

Bowing: Rackemarai 10046-1, Alder- 
man RIO-44-1 (rto-IL Hogg 9052-1, 
Faulkner 100-57-1, SmM <WK80 (w-1). 

South Africa won by six wickets. 

leave from the umpire and 
when, quite shortly, they woe 
summoned back, admittedly 
in poor conditions, they came 
out with a singular lack of 
grace. Their bowling, too, at 
the start of Victoria's second 
inning s had not been up to 
m uch. The tour has much too 
for to go for good resolutions 
to be going out of the window 
and standards to be falling. 

Partly as a result of so much 
football having been played 
there, and partly because the 
outfield took a pounding when 
it was twice filled during the 
Pope's visit, tbe Melbourne 
ground is in a worse mess than 
usual. With the pitch away on 
the four side from the pavilion, 
it is a day's march just getting 
out there. Long ago now, the 
MCG became a football 
ground that is used for cricket, 
rather than the other way 
around. As such, it is sin- 
gularly. lacking in charm as 
well, at the moment, as 
suitability for cricket 

The two England players 
one has to feel sorry for are 
Slack and Whitaker, whose 
previous first-class match a 
fortnight ago was on a damp 
and awkward pitch against 
New South Wales at New- 
castle. Their next and pos- 
sibly last of the tour, will not 
be for another fortnight and 
even then in what can be 
difficult conditions for bat- 
ting, against Tasmania at Ho- 
bart On Saturday, Slack 
hooked a long hop to long leg 
and Whitaker was caught at 
short leg, unable to keep down 
a nasty, lifting, ball. 

Botham's unfitness (there is 
even some doubt now whether 
be will be able to play as a 
batsman in the third Test 
match at Adelaide on Friday); 
the need to see Slack and 
Whitaker getting some runs to 
cheer them up; the sound of 
the Australians closing in; and 
his own little problems, may 
keep the captain from drop- 
ping off too easily fora while. 

with 113 

Gwalior (Reuter) — Sidath 
Wettimuny scored an unbeaten 
113 to give Sri Lanka a con- 
fident start to their Indian tour 
in the opening three-day match 
against an Inman Cricket Board 
President's XI yesterday. 

Wettimuny But 15 fours in an 
aggressive innings, adding 128 
runs with Asanka Gunisinghe in 
an entertaining second-wicket 
stand as Sri Lanka reached 259 
for two wickets on a placid 

Gurusingbe hit a six over 
midwicket off Krishna Srik- 
kanth, the home captain, before 
being caught off Sunil Gudge, 
the leg spinner, for 59. Gudge, 
the local team's only successful 
bowler, bowled accurately to 
claim two for 90 off22 overs. 

SRI LANKA: First Innings 

S Wettimuny not out 113 

J R RamayakocAnn LaibGudge __38 

A Guru&ingha c Lantoa b Gudge 59 

F) L Dias notout 32 

Extras $5. lb 8, nb4) J7 

Total (for 2 wckts) 259 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-69. 2-194. 
BOWUNG: Ghai 13-1-55-0; SJngh 6-3-11- 

(fc Ramon 36-11-73-0; Gudge 224 
Srfcfamth g-l-Mf Baftxtf 6-2-1241 


Woman; 1800 k I.KKantal 



Meena uses 
to earn card 

La Manga — Todd Meena, 
aged 26. of California, won the 
fiftieth and final PGA European 
to or player's card at the La 
Manga Club on Saturday (John 
Hennessy writes) In a play-off 
against Peter Bather (Gog Ma- 
gog), Oliver Eckstein (West 
Germany) and Donald Mac- 
Millan (United States), Meena 
holed an I8ft birdie putt at the 
second extra bole after all had 
Shot par fours at the first. 

Meena had mislaid his golf 
shoes overnight and had to may 
in street shoes. Did that affect 
his game? 

“Not at all,” Meena, who 
missed the cut in last year’s 
school, replied. “I was too 
nervous to give it a thought . . . 
I'm just thrilled to gel through." 

A fifth player, Mark Johnson, 
of Moo no wn, should have been 
involved in the play-off, but be 
foiled to appear 

fund aims 
to attract 




Chief Sports 


Following tbe example « 
Oxford, who ha« V*&- 

grad nates on rugby scholarships 
in their team at Twickenham 
tomorrow , Cam bridge are also 
to set op a sports trwLj bat with 
b roade r terms than Oxford s. 

The objective will be to award 
bursaries and scholarships to 
students with sporting abBftv 
who have academically satisfied 
the admissions tutors bat have 
been ana Me to secure adequate 
funding. This coaid be increas- 
ingly valuable in the asms! 
climate of government grants. 

The Cambridge rand w3I 
assist not only postgraduates 
but. unlike Oxford undergrad- 
uates who are suable to rdy on 
parental contribution man- 
daily. overseas students who 
cannot afford the increased level 
of British univ ersit y fees for 
foreigners, and British post- 
graduates who cannot gain Re- 
search Council funding or find 
the necessary subsistence costs. 

This joint Oxbridge initiative 
may do something to maintain 
the levels of mgby performance 
which have been tutder increas- 
ing threat from academic and 
financial pressures. 

• Tomorrow: Tie Times 
analyses the decline of Ox- 
bridge sport 

This year a group of Cam- 
bridge-educated industrialists, 
bankers and business men were 
anenthnsiastic about helping to 
fund a new sports centre until 
admissions tutors relaxed their 
altitud e towards talented, and 
academically qualified, 

The Test and County Cricket 
Board has warned the Univer- 
sities about their future isdn- 
sfcm in first- class fixtures. After 
a century of notable oontribe- 
tions to Test cricket, the only 
Cambridge Test player of recent 
years has been Pringle. 

Colin Kolbert, a barrister and 
fellow of Magdalene, Cam- 
bridge. says “There are prob- 
ably no more than half a dozen 
odors among Cambridge col- 
leges nowadays who are sympa- 
thetic to sport. Negative 
discrimination against sport 

The juxtaposition of cricket 
with examinations ofrvfoosfy 
causes major difficulties, but if 
the university was in a position 
to admit a pool of 18 or so good 
players who did not have to play 
in every match, there would not 
be a problem.” 

The Cambridge Trust hopes 
to raise 1500,000 to generate an 
qrnnmi income af £304)00, suf- 
ficient for three overseas or six 
home students. The Stanley 
Trust at Oxford, which this year 
is supporting Brendan Mulfin, 
tbe Ireland centre. Bill Cakraft, 
an Anstraiian flanker, and for- 
wards NntiJ McBaia and David 
Thresher, pays fees only. There 
is a recruitment committee of 
three Old Bines who comb the 
conn try looking for likely post- 
graduate candidates. 

Dr Alan Taykr of St Cath- 
erines, a mathe m a tici a n and 
senior treasmer of Oxford 
rugby, believes the Oxbridge 
decline is not wholly because of 
the drop m admissions of sports- 
men. “The nuiv e is ity teams of 
tbe mid-fifties would not have 
done so weD against today's club 
sides, who are better prepared,” 
he says. “Chibs didn't take the 
game so seriously then.” 

Taykr thinks that Oxford 
tutors' attitude towards sport 
has marginally improved in 
recent years, though he admits: 
“I would never press a colleague 
to take a steieot he did not 



Wasps 163; 4. Crty ol B i r mi ng ham 13S 5. 
Portsmouth Northsaa 130: Norwich Fen- 
cuns 128; 7. Harrow & Weaidstone 94: 8, 

Meeting points finger 

By Fat Botcher, Athletics Correspondent 

One of the signs that political 
opponents have gone too for in 
mutual accusation is when they 
combine to blame the press for 
their collective ills. That is what 
happened during and after the 
annual general meeting of the 
Amateur Athletic Association 
on Saturday when Mary Wall, as 
president of Swindon AC, with- 
drew her club's motion calling 
for ail AAA members (almost 
4,000 of them) to have access to 
details of the television and 
marketing contracts of the 

In this desire for public 
accountability, Mrs WaH said 
that she had not expected tbe 
motion to attract such bad 
publicity, and that she was 
withdrawing it “far the good of 
the sport”. The compromise 
that had evidently been effected 
between Mrs Wall and the AAA 
general committee, which has 
resulted in a working party to 
examine ways of informing 
members of executive decisions 
was further excused by market- 
ing agent, Alan Pascoe, admit- 
ting that a new sponsorship had 
been held over fin 1 10 days, 
“because when tbe sport airs its 
political problems in public, it 
does raise a few eyebrows”. 

Bat many other dub mem- 
bers went away disgruntled that 
the motion had been with- 
drawn. because they felt that an 
open forum would have given , 
them much more information, : 
as Mrs Wall also said, “on 
whether television is now run- 
ning the sport, or vice versa”. 

_ There were several indica- 
tions that the International 
Atbeietes' Club, rival meeting 
promoters to the AAA were 
behind the Swindon motion, 
and David Bedford and Derek 
Johnson, IAC officers, were 
more openly successful in 
defeating another motion which 
had called for an increase in dub 
representation on the general 
committee, which was promted, 
they said, fey their desire for 
proportional representation 
with dubs in tbe south of 
England and the non h getting 
more votes than , for example, 
the Midlands, with for fewer 

Further heartening news from 
Pascoe was that marketing con- 
tracts for the next two years are 
running well in advance of the 
guaranteed £600,000 for next 
war and £750,000 for the 
following year. 


Complaint thrown out 

Wester. 1:02-15. WOn i— dfcy : 1. J Em. 
4a«61i 2 T Bruce, «5l3§f a T Coton. 

Winterberg — The eight-na- 
tion protest against the legality 
of the new East Germany sledge, 
in which the Olympic cham- 
pion. Wolfgang Hoppe, won 
yesterday’s opening World Cup 
race of the season, was last night 
Officially ruled out of order by 
the Vtftins Cup jury (Chris 
Moore writes). 

The objecting- countries, 
which included Great Britain, 
were told that while the East 
German sleds complied with. 

tions, “a great number” of 
nations had bobs that did 

The statement from the jury's 
East German president, Martin 
Killan, who is also the vice- 
president of the Federation of 
International Bobsleighing and 
Tobogganing, was received 
with almost total disbelief by 
officials of the protest group. 

The controversy surrounds 
tbe absence ofa rear axle on the 
new East German bobs. 

Better fitness 
for Ifrenn’s win 

By William Stephens 

John Prenn defeated William 
Boone, the holder. 7-15, 15-12, 
8-15, 18-17. 15-18, 15-9, 15-6 in 
the first leg of the world 
championship at the New York 
Racquet and Tennis Cub on 
Saturday. After a match foil of 
incidents, excitement and ten- 
sion, Prenn goes into the second 
leg, at Queen's Cub in London 
next Saturday, with a 4-3 lead 
and a points lead of 93-92. 

The contest was not one of 
pure classic rackets. Neither 
competitor was judged to have 
played to his full potential. 
Prenn considered be played 
badly and was dated to have 
won on a court that favoured 

Boone and on which he has a 
record of losing to Boone. The 
one service rule applied, and 
Prenn was observed. to serve 
more aces as well as more faults. 

Boone seemed more deter- 
mined in the rallies and went fix' 
crucial points in a more dra- 
matic manner. But, in the ft"** 1 
analysis. Prenn's fitness showed 
his training campaign had 
proved worthwhile. He was in 
tremendous condition, playing 
to a consistent length, changing 
the pace frequently and running 
Boone around until, in the last 
two games, Boone's exhaustion 
was visible. 



7.30 unless stated 

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Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

The last piece in the jigsaw of war 


*" (Channel 4. 
10.00pm) now five weeks into its 
seven-week run. continues to pro- 
vide a cmzen’s^ye-view of the 
Second World War ihai I susp^ 
the professional sociologist and 
the military historian with a global 
vision will dismiss as simplistic. 
But. however indigestible the 
truth might be for the experts toi 
swallow. fans are feels, statistics 
are statistics, and people’s mem- 
ories are memories, and I am 
increasingly coming round to the 
view that A People's War which 
draw? so heavily on all three is the 
one imponant piece in the 1939- 
43 jigsaw that, until now. has been 
missing on television. Tonight’s 
film is snout the morale boosters: 
Tommy Handley and / T.hfA 
y«? W “ n “d Jours. Glenn 
Miller and Moonlight Serenade, 
Gen and Daisy having a knees-up 
in the London Underground, 

FJanagan and Allen underneath 
the arches in the works canteen. 
Professor Joad saying “It depends 
what you mean by ..."on Brains 
Trust, service teams playing at 
J^>rd s to compensate for the 
Ovals being convened into a 
PQW centre, jitterbugging at the 
local palais de danse, and- two 
features plus newsreel plus shorts, 
and all for nine pence, at the local 
tlea-pit. All unassailable facts. 
Thirty-two million (half the 
population) going to the movies 
every week; 1 2 million listening to 
Professor Joad; three hundred 
thousand illegitimate births; and a 
goodnight, doorstep kiss between 
sweethearts only on the third night 
they went out together. All cast- 
iron statistics. Factory girls being 


6-00 Ceefax AM. 

6.30 News headlines followed by 
The FBmstones. (r) SjS 5 

7.00 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough, Sally Magnusson and 
Jeremy Paxman. National and 
international news at 7.00, 

7.30, 8.00 and 8.30; regional 
news and travel at 7.15, 7.45 
and B.15; and weather at 7.25, 

7-55 and 8J*S. 

8.40 Watchdog. Lynn FauWs Wood 
and John Stapleton report on 
the inadequacy of motorway 
crash barriers. 8.55 Regional 
news and weather 94)0 News. 

9.05 Day to Day. A studio 
discussion on a topical si 
chaired by Robert Kikt , 

9.45 One m Four. Isobei 
Ward's ma 
tor the disabled 1 
and weather 10.QS 
- Neighbours, (r) 

10.25 PhiQip Schofield with news of 
children's television 
programmes, and birthday 
greetings 10^0 Play School 
m 10.50 Pinny's House. 

10.55 Five to Eleven. Diana Quick 
with a thought for the day 
11 JOO News and weather TUB 
Going to Pot Advice on indoor 
plant care .Jr) (Ceefax) 11.35 
Open Air. Tetevision 
programme makers meet their 
critics (including, at 12 jOO 
News and weather) 

12.25 Domesday Detectives. Quiz, 
about Britain, for teams . 12.55 
Regional news and weather. 

1.00 One O^Ctock News with 
Martyn Lewis. Weather 1.55» 
Nei^xxirs. Max makes an 
important decision 1.50 Bric-a- 

2-00 The Clothes Show. Selina 
Scott shops for the best party 
dress: Jen Banks chooses last 
minute gifts; and Jane Lomas ■ 
investigates the fashion design 
business 230 Tha Onedbi 
Lme. James sets sail for South 
America- (I) 3L20 Valerie. 
Domestic comedy series. 

3J50 PieintheSky-Forthe vacy. 
young 44)5 WUHt with Paul 
Daniels 4.15 The Mystartous 

Cities of GoldL Arwnated 
adventure series 4k40 Jonny 
Briggs. Drama serial 

455 Jam Craven's Newsround 
5J)5 Blue Peter. Which one of 
the nine non-pedigrae cats wit 
be awarded the Supreme 
Champion's Silver Cup? 

5.35 Maa t e rteem. 

64)0 News with Sue Lawlay and 
Nicholas Wltchefl. Weather. 

535 London Plus presented by 
John Stapleton, Linda Mitchell 

74)0 Wogan. Toniahf s guests 
include Ronme Corbett, 
Margot Kidder, and super 
salesn^n. Tony Jordan. Music 
is provided by Daryl HaK. 

735 The Golden OMes Picture 
Show. Dave Lee Travis 
introduces hits from the 
passed, dressed up in a 
modem video. 

84)0 Test PBot Part two of the 

series following the fortunes of 
an intake at the Empire Test 
Pilots School (Ceefax) 

830 Three Up, TWO Down, 
series starring Michael E 
and Angela Thome as . 
reluctant basement flatmates 
who wish to be near thek 
respective chBdren and their 
mutual grandchfld. (r) (Ceefax) 

94)0 News wth Julia Somerville and 
Andrew Harvey. Regional 
news and weather. 

930 Panorama: Herein -Addicted 
to Crime. John Ware reports 
on the debate on whether or 
not heroin and its substitute, 
methadone, should be more 
regularly available to the adrfet 
as a means of 
drug related crimes 
10.10 rfm: foehn and the Bean . 
(1974) starring James Caan. 
Alan Aridn, Loretta Swit aid 
Valerie Harper. Comedy about 
two unconventional San 
Francisco poficemen who are 
given the task of protecting a 
local gang leader who is on the 
hit-fist of a Detroit mob. : 
Directed by Richard Rush. 


Julie Walters: she appears once ajm&MwMre ^reral 
Wood - As Seen on TV (BBC2, 9.25pm) 

Mrs Overall in Victoria 

barred from the tea/coffee trolley 
if they were pregnant but unwed, 
and glamour-starved girts regard- 
ing every GI - no matter how ugly 
- as a figure that had just stepped 
out of the silver screen. All 
confirmable memories. 

•Make Yew Own Video (Chan- 
nel 4, 6.00pm), Yusesh Walia's 
instructional series for the do-it- 
yourself cameramen, has moved 
wdl beyond the first principles 
stage (don't point your camera au 
bright light; don't pan up and 
down and from left to right as if 
you were painting a wall). To- 
night, it gets to grips with The 
Theme: weddings, pop videos, the 
evolution ofa hospital, the women 
of Green ham Common, and some 
semi-satirical nonsense about a 
tycoon. Interest will almost cer- 
tainly centre on filming a wedding, 
and the sound advice the film 
offers includes an early consul la- 

BBC 2 

9.00 Coofax. 930 Th« W«tec in the 
Lords, (r) 104)0 Cocfax. 

1030 Color Rhapsody. Tha 

lion with the vicar. He might not 
object to the fixing of a micro- 
phone to the altar rail, but will 
almost definitely have strong feel- 
ings about the 

cameraman/ woman climbing into 
the pulpit. The hazards of filming 
at Greenhorn Common are seen to 
be exactly what you might have 
expected them to be: the girl 
carrying the microphone keeps 
getting axmled. 

• Radio music choice Previn 
conducting the LSO in a perfor- 
mance of Rachmaninov's Sym- 
phony No 2 (Radio 3. 1 1.45am); 
the Academy of Ancient Music in 
a new recording of Beethoven's 
Eroica (Radio 3. 2.45pm). and 
Weber's lwo-act opera Peter 
Schmoll and His Neighbours, 
under Joly’s baton (Radio 3, 

Peter Davalle 

The -Market Theatre of Johannesburg: Born in the BLS.A. (Channel 4,830pm) 

114M The Domesday Project Paul 
Cola presents tha fruits elicited 
by children from 14,000 
schools who took part fli a 
modem version or the 
Domesday Book. 1130 

1230 Design and Innovation. An 
Open University production 
exploring the work behind the 
discovery of GalHum Arsenide. 

1235 Ceefax. 

ZOO News and weather. 

2412 Parent Progr amm e. Clare and 
Desi Loughrey taHt about the 
sudden col death of their baby. 

Z1S See Heart. A i 




2.45 Brief Encounter. A Cafifomian 
marriage. fSmed for the 
Love law series. 34)0 News and 

333 Snow Journeys. The 1979, 

1 300 mfle Alaska dog sled 
race from Anchorage to Nome. 
M 330 News and weather. 
Pamela Armstrong. Her guests 
are Lulu and her hairdresser 
husband, John Frieda. 

435 BHzzanfs Wonderful wooden 
Toys. Miniature worlds, (r) 

5.00 Domesday De te ctive s - A 
repeat of the programme 
shown on BBC 1 at 1235pm. 

530 Dkf You Sea~? A condensed 
version of yesterday's 

ran: Charfie Chan’s Murder 
Cruise* (1940) starring Sidney 
Toller, Marforfe weaver and 
Lionel Atwul. The oriental 
Honolulu m order to discover 
the murderer of a friend from 
Scotland Yard. Among the ten 
passengers is the Idler. 
Directed by Eugene Ford 

7.15 The Little MarmnM Richard 
Chamberlain narrates this 
. cartoon vesrion of Hans 
Christian Andersen s fairy tale. 


what Britain would be Rke 
under a Labour government In 
the chair is John Nicoison. 

8.10 Close H ar mony. A celebration 
of English cathedrals and their 
music. From Worcester 
Cathedral, Barry Rose 

introduces pieces ranging from 
plainsong and anthems to 
contemporary works. 

930 Cool It me comic talent of PhR 

935 Victoria Wood - As Seen on 
TV. Comedy sketches and 
songs, plus the delightful soap 
■sena-up, Acorn Antiques. 

1030 Nurses. Part tour follows 
Kevin Carey and his wife, 
Vickie, who are both 
psychiatric nurses. He works 
at Rain HNl Hospital, Liverpool; 
she, at the Countess of 
Chester Hospital, Chester. 

Newa n igW H-25 Weather. 
TetejaurnaL Tonight's news 
from Madrid. Ends at 1Z0Q. 

. to Question. Young 

people from aH parts of the 




6.15 TV-aoc Good Morning Britain 
presented by Anne Diamond 
and Richard Keys. News with 
Gordon Honeycombe at 630, 
730, 730, 830. 830 and 930; 
financial news at 635; sport at 
640 and 7.40; exercises at 
635 and 9.17; cartoon at 735; 
pop music at 735; and Jimmy 
Greaves's television highlights 
at 835. The After Nine guests 
indude Gordon Bums and 
Rosemary Leach. 

935 Thames news headlines 
followed by Roger Ramjet 
Cartoon, (r) SJ& Beyond 2000. 

Stories about developments 
that w* take us nto the 2: sr 

1035 wad, wild Wortd of Animals. 
The monkeys of Central and 
South America, (r) 1030 
Islands. A teenager spends a 
hard working summer hofitfay 

island ft 

on a 

1140 Fabulous 

124)0 Atarah's Music. Pippa the 
Piano, (r) 12.10 Let’s Pretend 
to the tale of The Animal 

1230 Baby and Co. Dr Miriam 
StoMard discusses ths 
problems of baby Mwck and 

1.00 fimraMOnew^^emard 
Parkin 130 Thames news. 

130 FBIn: Hanover Street (1979) 
starring Harrison Ford and 
Lesley-Anne Down. An 
American bomber pilot's 
obsession with a beautiid 
nurse causes him to rress a 
mission si which his 
replacement is tailed. 
Consdence-striken he 
volunteers for a dangerous 
assignment in occtfixed 
France. Directed by Peter 

335 Thames news head lines 330 
The Young Doctors. 

430 Tickle on the Tian.vnii 
tales for the young 4.10' 
tsiebugs 430 He-Mmi and 
Masters of the Univeree 445 
. . From the Top. Comedy series 
; _ sta rring BSOdtSe. 

5T1ET Btockbusters. 

545 News 630 Thames news. - 

635 Help! Paul Lewis and Tun Lunn 
with information for the young 

635 Crossroads. Diane is 

determined to ebey Adam's 

730 The Krypton Factor. A 

materials scientist, an 
insurance agent: a marketing 
manager and a sales 
representative in four mental 
and two physical tests. (Oracle) 

730 Coronation Street Susan 
Baldwin's designer friend 
arrives from Newcastle. 


830 Fresh Fields, watiam has 
trouble 2d; -'Sting to his new 
contact lenses but has more 
trouble with lus temporary 
secretary - Hester. Starring 
Anton Rodgers and Julia 
McKenzie, (r) 

830 World in Action: What Sid 
Should Really Know. On the 
evening that successful 
applicants for British Gas 
shares discover how much 
they have made, or lost a 
documentary examining the 
promise ana reality of 

930 North and South. Episode one 
of a new six-part drama set in 
the United States in the years 
leading up to the American 
Civd War, beginning in 1842 
when Orry Main and George 
Hazard leave their respective 
homes for West Point MiRtaiy 
Academy. (Oracle) (continues 
alter the news) 

10.00 News at Ten. Weather 
followed by Thames news 

1030 North and Soutti continued. 

1130 Snooker. The Hofmeister 
World Doubles introduced by 
Dickie Davies from the 
Demgate Centre, 


12.15 Tales from the Darkside: ff the 
Shoes Fit A crooked poTitidan 
has his ways mended when 
st ay ing at a smaH town hotel 
during an election campaign. - 
Starring Dick ShawnT y ‘- 

124Q -Night Thoughts. 


• "J 


Four years old. 
Seriously underweight 
for her age. 
Scavenging for food 
where she can find it. 
And she’s English. 

The two women who enjoy an nnnsnal day out in Torn it Up: Acting 
Up (Eleventh Hour Channel 4, 11.00pm) 



24)0 Snooker. The Hofmeister 
World Doubles. Fourth round 
action introduced cy Dickie 
Davies from the Demgate 
Theatre. Northampton. 

400 Mavis on 4 Mavis Nicholson in 
conversation with pop group 
The Housemartins who also 
perform two numbers. 

430 Countdown. The reigning 
champion is challenged by 
Jamie Howard, a video shop 
proprietor from Melton 
Mowbray. The questionmaster 
is Richard Wtineley. 

5.00 Grampian Sheepdog Trials. 

The finals feature Kenny 
Brehmer from Argyll, Alan 
Gordon of Aberdeenshire, and 
Bill Cormack from Caithness. 

530 Basketball - Go 4 ft Simon 
Reed and Danny Palmer 
presents highlights of the 
second Prudential Cup 
semifinal. Plus news of the 
game from both sides of the 

64)0 Make Your Own Video. Part 
three of the tour-programme 
series for the novice video 
maker, (see Choice) 

630 Write On. The penultimate 
programme ot Ruth Pitt’s 
series designed to encourage 
people to develop their letter 
writing skills. 

7.00 Channel 4 News with Nicholas 
Owen rndudes a behind-the- 
scenes look at how Britain has 
handled the EEC presidency. 

730 Comment With his views on a 
topical matter is Stuart 
Cosgrove, a music writer. 

84)0 Brookaida. The CorkMte have, 
their television re-possessed. ’ ' 
and the telephone is due to be 
disconnected. As Bffly and 
Doreen wade through ihe 
household bifls Doreen is 
accused of gross over- 
spending; Lucy rings from 
France to say she will not be 
home for Christmas; and 
. Heather regrets throwing out 

;;.83» Bom kitee RU3JL Am . 

■ adaptation of the latest play - tv* 
• from the Market Theatre of. ■ 

Johannesburg. It tefls the story 
of seven Soutti Africans of 
differing racial and social 
backgrounds at the time 
following the declaration of the 
first State of Emergency in 
South Africa in 1 985. The cast 
indudes Vanessa Cooke. 

■ Timmy Kwebuiana. and Gdna 

1030- A People’s War. This fifth of ■ 
seven programmes about life- 
on the Home Front examines 
entertainment and sexual 
habits during the war. (see 

1130 The Eleventh Hour Turn HUpL 
Actina Up, a humorous drama 
about two girts from different 
backgrounds who spend a day 
together in Oxford and 
discover they have a lot in 

1230 Their Lordships’ House. 

Jackie Ashley presents 
highlights of tne day’s 
proceedings in the House of 
Lords. Ends at 12.45. 


DRC1 W*iES.54S-t00pmWatesTo- - 
BSy 1 aay 6-35-7 J» Home Bra* 10.10- 
1DJ0 Pany Pottcal Broadcast (Pted 
Cyncv) lQ£O-12.1OiuaFftn:Freebwandth0 

News. SCOTLAND. 1CL50-11.00mi SmH 
Seo - eJS-AOCpm Reporting Scotand 12.SS- - " 
12-38*m WorXwtse SccBand. NORTHERM 
IRE14NO. 5J5-&40pa Sport SAOfifiO Insida , J . 
Ulster 6.35-7.00 Uastertexn 1200- 
IZ-BSam News. ENQLAND. 6JS*740pm Re- * .■ 
gonal news magazines 

Masraroam SSS-9J0 IntarvaL 11J0 
Tetefovmai 1l4S-l24»aniPany PoMeai 
Bmacsast (Plad Cymrul 

ANGLIA teUMoniunpcUSin 

flag wa Sesame SgeetinjO Cartoon 
1035 Shorr Story llJSSaa in their Blood 
1130-12.00 Wetr s Way 130pm News 140- 
333 film: Kog s Story 5.15-5*5 
Emmardato Farm GL06 About Angle 630-7. DO - 
Who s The Boss? 12.19m New 
Sguadronares 1245 Persord View, Close: 
BORDER Aotjondon except BJftun 
Cartoon &35 Sesame Street ‘ 
10k35 Sm^gie Benaam the Sea 11 JW 
New Farttasoc Four 11J5 Crystal raps 11 JBP 

1240 Perspective l^Opn News 1 JO Ftkiu 

Demetrius and me Gladiators 330-400 Sons 
anODaughters 400 Lookaround BJ0-7JU * 
Take me rtgfi Road 12 .ismiOos& 

central „ 

Shakespeare Trilogy 1400 Levkas Man 
1050-1240 Fane Secret Tenr 140pm News . 
1JO-3J30 ram: Love at the Top 640 News 
6.45-7.00 Cernnu Post 12.15am PretDCtors - r 
1240 JaMndar 140 Ctaee. 


9J0 Sesame Street 10J0 Wild Dogs 1140 
Runaway island 11 J5-1240 Connections 
1-20por Granada Reports 140 Film; Cw- 
dran Nobody Warned 3.15 Gate to Passage ■■ 
330-4.00 Sons and Daurtaere BJK) Gra- 
nada Repons6J0-7J» Mary 12.1 Sam Ctoea ' 

1035 Beyond 2000 11.10-1230 FalGuy 
130pm News 130-330 Film: Man Who 
Wouldn't TaBC £30:730 News _ - 

Sb 6L5O-7.00 Party PofltcalBroadctee 
-rei«/ As London except: &25am News 
1SS. S3B WtxW ert Stories 340 ChMTOtara 
1030 Castle of White Otter Lake 1030 
Fam: Oetayed Acoon" 11^0-12-00 Cartoon 
130pnt News 130-330 FBm: King s Story* 
ai5Gua Honeybun 530-5.45 Crossroara 6JJ0 
Today 5otrth West 630-7-00 EmmertWe 
Farm 12.15am Post sc rm t, Close. 

TVC As London except 93Smn Oul- 
iJL= look 938 Cartoon 936 Sesame Street 
l030-1230Film:lJttlB Mermad 130pm;- 
: News 130 Home Cookary 135-330 Ftec : 
tk&Wrtness 5.15-545 Sons end Daughtara, '!; 
630 Coast Ip Coast 630-730 Parlour Garni. 
12.1 SaurCompany,- Ctosa. 



me Street 1030 Indian Legends 1130 Car- 
toon 11.05-12.00 Fftnr There's Always a 
Thursday* 130pm News 130-330 f%c 
When the Qrcum Came to^ Town 630 Northeir 
Ufe 630-730 Strain Talk 1Z15em Cer- 
tainty of Knowing. Close. 

Ill CTPD As London excepc 935am 

Sesame Street 103S Little Lord. 
.FaumJaroy 11: 10 Cartoon 11.15-1230 Is- - 

land Wikwta 130pm,liinchtnte 130 Anzn 
930-430 Sans and Oaughurs 630 Good ' ' ■ 

. Ewemto Ulster 630-7.00Lltestyle ll30kBIar= 
ray fiafly 1 l-9BSnooker 12.T5am News, 

YORKSHIRE aSeSfwtoS^tones 

940 Givakar 1035 CaMomia Highways 
1130 Jayoe 1130-1230 Sim SA Blm 130pm' 
News 135 Help Yourself 130 Rhi; Double r 
McGuffin 330-430 Country Practico 630 Cal- 
endar 630-730 Calendar Fasnkxt 
12.15am Protectors 1245-630 Music Bom. 

1 230 Count- . 

430 FoKron446ChwBner Catt 530 M a Nhw 
530 Cosby Show 630 Hogan's Heroes' 1 
630 Mays on 4 730 DarSotfed GwfekfyddoTaf ■ 
ran Plaid Cymru 7.10 Newyddion Saflh 
740 Arolwg 5.10 Race Against the Wind 510, - 
Gwlad Gwlad 940 Y Bydar Bedwar 10.10 
Channel 4 Inquiry 1135 Who Dares Wets 
1230am Closedown. 

MF frnedhjm wave). Stereo bn 
VKF (see below) 

News on the haft-tour from 
630am untfl 830pm then at 1030 
and 124)0 mUnignt 
530 Adrian John 74)0 Mika 
Smith's Breakfast Show 94H) 

Simon Bates 1230 Newsbeat 
(Frank Partridge) 1245 Gary Davies 
i00 Steve Wnghi 530 
Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 545 
Bruno Brookes 730 Janrca 
Long 104)0-124)0 John Peel. VW= 
Stereo Racfios 1 & 2i 44»am 
As Radio 2. 1030pm As Ratfio 1. 
12.0O-44)O8m As Ratfio Z 

With a stepfather who refused to ac- 
knowledge her existence and a mother too 
frightened to help het; this child was being 
slowly and deliberately starved. 

She'd reached the point where she was 
feeding herself out of dustbins. 

It didn’t happen in the famine stricken 
third world, it happened in an English town, 
(like the one you live in). 

The NSPCC’s first, most urgent concern 
is for the child. 

Above all the child has to be protected.- 
But, where appropriate, we can also provide 
help for children and parents. 

£15.48 can protect a child for two weeks. 
And that's the sum we’re asking for now 
If you can't afford quite that much, all 
donations are gratefully received. 


| k □ *iM«n mihD .WitiHn I 

Arce*jnd Via aid holrfcn mat dfbu ihetr account*. 

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-ftwen d e - 

■ Hwiml.nirdcaMHiuDr A.C.Imtair, IW rtCI 

| its? 

lu pioleil Dw ctuhT. HkMit) I he fee h^bten ilunrctl 

MFjmedwm wave). Stereo on 

News on the hou*. Headlines 

530am, 630^ 730, 830. Sports 

Desks IJOSam, 2.02, 34)2, 4.02, 
5.05, 6.02,645 (mf only). 935. 

44)0 Crtn Berry 530 Ray 
Moore 730 Derek Jameson 930 

Ken Bruce 114)0 Jimmy Young 

find 1230 FA Gup Third Round 

Draw) 135pm DavW Jacobs 

24)0 Gloria Hunntford 330 David 

Hamtton 54)5 John Dunn 74)0 
Alan DeH 830 Bta Band Special 
9.00 Humphrey Uttefton with 
Jazz on record 10.00 Acker's Away 
(Acker B* aid Paramount Jazz 
Band)) 1030 Star Sound (Nick 
Jackson, with the movie 

magazine)) 114)0 Brian Matthew 
14»«n Chariea Nova 34XM4JQ 
A Little Night Musk: 


630 NondaskfuntR 630)730 News 739 
Twonty-fow hours 730 Runyon's Guys 
and Doto &30 News 139 Reactions 6.15 
Scoop >30 Anything Goes 930 News 
S39 Review ol British Press 9.15 Good 
Bodes 930 Financial News 940 Look 

Ahead 945 Peebles' Choice moo News 

1031 A wore «1 Edgeways 1030 Afro 
BeatMx 1130 News nis News About 
Britain 11.15 Plants In our Past (unN 
li3tn 1230 Rado Noumea) 12.15 Just a 
Minute 1245 Sports Roundup 130 News 
iJ»Twwity4oor Hours 130 Arthur Freed 
and HoBywod Musical 200 Outtook 2.45 
Voyages of Captain Cook 330 Radio 
Newsreel 8.15 A Word In Edgeways 345 
■■MHUDNew 439 

Sounds of the Sbctes 
C omm entar y 4.16 My 

430 Great 

WoridToday 530 News 

n Mind 


Book Choice 


K *Bh r? 


Sports (ntemational 930 
931 Network UK 9.15 Great 
tech 930 Afro BeattXK 

News HUB Wortd Today 1035 

Book Choice 1030 Financial News 1040 
Refections 1045 Sports Roundup 1130 
News 1f4H Commentary 11.15 My Coun- 
- in Mind 1130 Muititrack 1 124R Nbms 
N ews About. 8rttain 12.15 Raiko 
Newsreai 1230 Artur Freed ana ihs 
Hottywooc i Mtaiari 130 News 131 Out- 
look 130 Shan Story 145 My Country n 
Mnd 230 News 239 Review of British 
Press 2.15 Network UK 230 . 
International 330 News 333 News _ _ 
Britan 3.15 World Today 330 John PmI 
430 Nawsdesk 4jo Mude or wanar (unw 
445) M5 wortd Today. Afl Bmea hi ffl&T. 

635 Weather. 74» News 
7 JOS Concert Smetana . 
(overture. The Secret 
Czech POL Mozart (Horn 
Concerto No 4: Alan Civil 
with the RPO). CPE Bach 
(Harpsichord Concerto in 
G. wq 43 No 5; Bob Van 

Bax (Tintagel; LSO). I 

84)5 Concert (continued): 

Danzi (Wind Quintet in B 
flat Op 56 No 1 : Vienna Wind 
Soloists). Hebdan 
(Concerto in C, Op 2 No 2: 
Cantflena), Schubert 

i No 2: Berlin PO). 

I News 

94)5 This Week's Composer 
Rossini- Recordings of 
extracts from his operas 
Moses, Cinderella, The 
Italian Gal in Algiers, The 
Barber of Sevan, and 

104)0 London Wind Tno: 

Toma® (Concert 
champetre), Villa-Lobos 

10JG Walton: BBC Welsh SO 
' under Owain Arwel 


114)5 French Geao Music: 

Boris Pergamenschifcov, 

with Pavef Gfflov (piano). 
Debussw (Sonata mD 
minor). Chopm (Sonata in G 
minor. Op 65} 

11.46 Andre Prevfri conducts 
Rachmaninov; the LSO 

The Rock, Op 7, and 
No 2. 1.00 

Aodre Previn: R3, 11.4§am 
Vivaldi (Violin Concerton 
in E, RV 271: London Vivaldi 
Orchestra). Marchetto 
Cara (Mentre io vo per questi 
boschi: London Pro 
Misica). Beethoven 

(Symphony No 3; 

Academy of Ancient Music). 
4^5 News 

54)0 Mamiy for Pleasure: 

Jeremy Siepmann 

; recorded music 

14)5 BBC Lunchtime Concert 
Mitsuko Shirai (soprano), 
Hartinut HoU (piano). Works 

Nussbaim, and 
WWmung), Szmanowski 
(Four Songs. Op 54), and 
WOlf (toduding Das 
veriassene Magdiek), and 

24M Music Weekly; with 

Michael Oliver, includes - 

a re-assessment ol the 
music of Arthur Suflivan; 
a conversation with the 
Endal&on String Quartet 
and a consideration of recent 
trends in Danish music (r) 
245 New Records: Schain 
(Canzone in A minor: 
Hesperion XX), Purcell 
(Witches' Scene, Dido 
and Aeneas: Los Arts 
Ftorissants). Handel (aria 
What passiai cannot music 
raise and quefc 
Lott. sooranoL Bach (Suite 
No3in D, BWV1Q68: 

Musica Antigua, Cotogie), 

Peelers. Vierne. Sairrt-Saens 
(Fantatsie in E flat), and. 
Messiaen (Joe at darts des 
cores glorieux 
6J55 Jufian Bream: the 
guitarist plays Richard 
Rodney Bennett's 
impromptus, and Sonata 
730 Cneatmg the Prophets: 
ttte rede of citizen and 
state in a ne w political era. 
With Ken Young in the 

8.15 Cart Marfa von Weber 
two-act opera Peter 
Schmoll and His Neighbours. 
Sunain German. BgC 
SO (under Jdy). The cast 
Indudes David Wllson- 
Jchnson. LilSan Watson, 
Mark Tucker, John Hall, 
lilip O’Reilly and Francis 

Philip O'F 

10,06 Jazz Today: Charles Fox 

3 resents the John 
i Quintet 


. i Chamber 
Orchestra (under 
Maurice Handford). Arensky 
(VariatSns on tfiema by 
» Tchaikovsky). Saber 
(Besardo Suite No 2). 

Ireland (Concertino 

11-57 News. 1230 Closedown. 

C 'X V - J. « -I 

LF (tong wave), (s) stereo on VHF. 

535 Shipping. 6JK) Nbws(S). J . 

630 Today ind. 630. 730. 

830 News. 7485, 835 

835 The Week on 4. 

843 Barry Fantoni's Chinese 
Horoscopes. Year 11: 

The Rat. Who are the Rats, 
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Mr « 




Minder put aboard White Crusader 

From Keith Wheadey 
Melbourne . 

Britain's challenge for the 
America's Cup was rocked yes- 
terday with the sudden replace- 
ment of Eddie Wanden-Owen as 
navigator. He was ordered to give 
way to Phil Crebbin as White 
Crusader battles to stay in conten- 
tion for a berth in the semi-final 
The British 12-metre yacht is 

equal fifth in the challengers' table 


a heavy defeat yesterday by 

Warden Owen; duties off-shore the next round. 

_ ssterday 

USA; only the lop four qualify for 

Harold Cudmore remains skip- 
per and tactician of White Cru- 
sader and Chris Law is still 
helmsman. Crebbin, 34, has been 
technical director and alternate 
skipper of the White Horse Chal- 
lenge since the syndicate's incep- 
tion two years ago. Graham 
Walker, the chairman, said: 
“Maybe we should have had Phil 
on the back from the start.” 

Warden-Owen, aged 39 and the 
winner of this year’s World Three- 
Quarter Ton Cup, is making no 
comment on the move, but on the 
dock there is a distinct feeling that 

“Fast Eddie" is being made a 
scapegoat for mistakes by the 
aftCTguard in recent races. 

In a statement the While Horae 
Challenge said: "Phil is, with 
Harold Cudmore, our most 
experienced 12-metre sailor and 
match-racer. He is a racing rules 
expert and a master of computer 

_ (pending on this, Walker said: 
"Harold's got to have confidence 
in the helmsman and the naviga- 
tional information he's getting. 
Then be can really be creative. 
Phil has stature and authority 

within this syndicate and I want 
that on the boat." 

There is a certain inevitable 
implication that Crebbin is being 
pul on the back of White Cnisader 
as Cudmore's "minder". An 
autboritive second opinion m ight 
have stopped some of the gear 
breakages and tactical blunders 
that have left White Crusader 
struggling for her life. 

“Whal I've said to the 
afterguard is ‘Cut out the errors. 
Think more, ?hmk about every 
manoeuvre,’” Walker, a Jersey 
entrepreneur, said. 

Crebbin's role in the Bnnsn 
camp until now has been to 
oversee the technical development 
of White Cnisader. hull, keel and 
rig modifications. With that work 
now effectively over, he becomes a 
spare man on the dock and 
probably too talented to leave off 

^Off die boat, Eddie Warden 
Owen will assume the vital task, 
formerly undertaken by Crebbin, 
of following each race and acting 
as tactics critic at the evening de- 


g g 
«&»• ^ 


is sweet 
in Cup 

Penalty rescues 
United in Old 

5 s !!, Trafford thriller 

Maidstone United — .... 1 
Cambridge United 0 

By Stuart Jones 
Football Correspondent 

Maidstone United, of the 
GM Vauxball Conference, 
brat fourth division Cam- 
bridge United yesterday to 
become only the second non- 
League side in the country 
assured of a place in the third 
round of the FA Cup. It is the 
fourth time in nine years that 
Maidstone have reached this 
stage of the competition. 

Maidstone, who have am- 
bitions of gaming promotion 
to the League at the end of the 
season, had beaten their oppo- 
nents in a pre-season match. 
They knew this would be a far 
tougher match, especially on a 
very heavy pitch, but Maid- 
stone had the players deter- 
mined to get the right result. 

Mundee is on loan to the 
Kent dub from Cambridge 
and Galloway, who scored the 
83rd minute winner, spent a 
month on loan with them last 

Galloway’s goal came after 
Cambridge appeared to have 
done enough to secure another 
chance. Butler, the former 
Brentford forward, crossed for 
Galloway to shoot in off a 

Manchester United — 
Tottenham Hotspur 



Peter Davenport wrote the 
last line of an Old Trafford 
script so improbable that it 
almost touched on fiction. 
The fixtures between the two 
famous clubs have filled many 
a page in the history books, 
and yesterday's televised show 
deserves to be inserted along- 
side the best of them. 

The championship may 
have been irrelevant, but all of 
the most enthralling features 
of the English game were 
squeezed into the middle of a. 
cold, wet and windswept 
Mancunian afternoon. That 
the conditions were so inhos- 
pitable did not matter. The 
match was aflame from the 
moment Give Allen opened it 
by hitting a post 

Manchester United whose 
attack was led by the fiery 
Whiteside, look a two-goal 
lead by the interval The dark 
troubles of their season were 
diminishing by the minute 

and their joyous supporters 
iked Rc 

Galloway said: "In actual 
fact 1 mis-hit the ball but I 
knew it was going in. It was a 
sweet goal for me because with 
the six games 1 had at Cam- 
bridge last season I was always 
on the bench and only got on 
in one of them. 

even asked Kon Atkinson, the 
former manager, if he was 
watching the apparent change 
of fortunes on television. 

Alex Ferguson. Atkinson's 

successor, had surprisingly 
dropped Stapleton and 
brought in Whiteside, having 
seen him in the reserves in 
midweek, to a role he had not 
filled for almost two years. 
Within a dozen minutes, the 
ebullient Irishman had fin- 
ished a dazzling free kick that 
was linked by four side-foots. 

The ball was caressed in 
turn by Robson, Davenport, 
Strachan — after Olsen’s 
dummy — and Whiteside. 
United had scored only their 
second goal since Ferguson 
took over a month ago. In the 
38th minute, they added a 
second. Davenport dispos- 
sessed Paul Allen and in spite 
of the acuteness of the angle, 
beat Oemence. 

Ferguson claimed justifi- 
ably, that "our first half was 
magnificent. We could have 
scored four or five ” Moran 
was the most guilty and 
unlikely culpriL After ex- 
changing with Davenport, he 
found hunself in the unaccus- 
tomed position of having only 
the opposing goalkeeper in 
front of him. Snatching at the 
chance, he pulled his effort 

Waddle and Mabbntt clear- 
ed other dangers off the line, 
and United biting with 
aggression, were on the verge 
of dismantling Tottenham. 

Trying time for Hollins 

“This was no shock to us. 
We knew we were going to 
beat them and we don’t mind 
who we get in the third round 
as long as it’s not Telford 

Maidstone’s delight was re- 
flected in their coach, John 
Ryan, who was dismissed as 
the Cambridge manager more 
than a year ago and said “It 
was a great performance and 
of course I was pleased to put 
it across them." 

MAIDSTONE: D Richardson, W May. M 

John Hollins faces die most 
testing week of his managerial 
career, fnlmiiMting in the 
televised match at Liverpool 
next Sunday (Simon O'Hagan 
writes). "I'm at rock bottom," 
the Chelsea manager admitted 
after another catastrophic 
home defeat on Saturday, 4-0' 
by Wimbledon. His team's 
ruination had been effectively 
completed within 20 minutes 
by which time Chelsea were 2- 
0 down and without Rongvie, 
their right hack, sent off after 
a disgraceful fracas. 

W, T PamptietL J Glover. P Hartford. B 
lee. M Stewart, 

Mundee, M Stewart S Gateway. S Buffer, 
G Torrance. 

Moashem, A Kimble. A Beattie, L Smith. C 
Uttiojohns. S Spriggs. D Tong, M Cooper, 
D Crown, GKimbfe- 
Referee: K Mifler. 

The result leaves Chelsea 
second from bottom of the first 
division and with a home 
record of one win, three draws 
and five defeats. After the 
match, there was a repeat of 
the - calls for Hollins’s dis- 
missal which followed the 

defeat by Newcastle a fort- 
night previously. 

Ironically, this was the 
game which, it was hoped, 
would marie the start of 
Chelsea's revival Hollins’s 
rift with Speedie, had been 
heale d and there was the 
encouragement of a hard- 
earned point at Leicester last 
week. Bnt Hollins has his 
work cut out with a team so 
manifestly lacking in defence 
and self-discipline. 

It was at Liverpool a year 
ago that Chelsea gave one of 
their finest performances in 
their outstanding season, dra- 
1-1 to leave them fourth 
table. If, on Sunday, 

But the picture changed 
dramatically after the interval 
and particularly after the in- 
troduction of Thomas in the 
55th minute. Within another 
20 minutes, Tottenham, 
astonishingly, were ahead. 

Intimidated by the at- 
mosphere and the challenges 
of the opposition, they had 
resorted to illegitimate tactics. 
Paul Allen, Roberts, and 
Galvin were booked for fouls 
and Ardiles was cautioned for 
dissent. Although Waddle 
struck the bar. which was 
being bent by Turner ai the 
time, there was little indica- 
tion of the subsequent turn of 

"1 should be standing here 
waxing lyrical,” Ferguson said 
later. "Instead, we committed 
suicide. When McGrath twi- 
sted his knee and ankle, that 
caused us our biggest problem. 

Mabbutt removed the first 
brick of United's foundation 
with an irresistible diving 
header from Hoddle’s corner. 
Tomer, a goalkeeper contin- 
ually exposed for his lack of 
height, could have been 
faulted then, and he can have 
few excuses for conceding the 
second — albeit an own-goal, 
or the third. 

Having merely pushed 
Hoddle’s delightful chip up 
into the air, he was unable to 
prevent Moran miscuing an 
intended clearance into his 
own net With a quarter-of-an- 
hour left, he hesitated as 
Waddle’s cross flew across his 
goal-mouth, and Clive Allen 
stooped to claim his 22nd goal 
of the season. 

He paid a costly price for his 
nod of bravery. It was discov- 
ered later that he had broken 
his nose. Tottenham seemed 
to have inflicted even worse 
damage on United, who have 
yet to win any of their eight 
televised games this year, until 
Thomas felled Robsoa inside 
the area with just two minutes 
remaining. Enter and exit 
Davenport with the. ensuing 


Hollins can get his team to 
play even half as. well as they 
did then, it will be quite an 

Match report, page 27 

ttanctNWterlMtete CTumer. J Swbaek, 
M Ouxfiury. R Moses. P McGrath (sub: F 
Stapleton], K Moran, B Robson, G 
Shaman, N Whiteside. P Davenport. J 

Tottenham Hotsp u r RCtemence, P Alan. 
M Thomas. G Roberts, R Gough. G 
Mabbutt, C Alton, A GaMn, C WadcUe. G 
Mottle, 0 Anfles (D Thomas). 

D Hutchinson. 

•rf> V/‘ V 



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[T7d niuu^xiiyiijijuu 


Call to bar Zurbriggen 
for going on regardless 

Val d’Isere (AP) - Markus 
Wasmeier, of West Germany, 
took advantage of a dis- 
qualification of Pirmin Zur- 
briggen, of Switzerland, to win 
the World Cup super giant 
slalom and move into second 
spot in defence of his title. 
Wasmeier's time was lmin 
40J6sec, while Zurbriggen, 
the World Cup leader and 
Friday's downhill winner, 
skied a 1:39.13 from the first 
position. However he was dis- 
qualified for missing a gate 
after a review of the race tapes. 

"I was really surprised at 
my speed in the race,” said 
Zurbriggen before his official 
disqualification. "I came to 
gate 15 too late and went to 
the wrong side. I'm really 
disappointed because I am m 
perfect condition ” 

With Zurbriggen disquali- 
fied — and calls for him to be 
barred for a race for carrying 

on when he knew be had 
missed a gate — Eriacher, of 
Italy, moved into second place 
with a time of 1:41.65, 

Zurbriggen stOl leads the 
overall World Cup standings 
with 75 points with Wasmeier 
second on 62 and Mueller, the 
Swiss, third with 51. But Bell 
of Britain, after his exciting 
sixth place in Friday’s down- 
hill finished a distant 45tb in 
the giant slalom. 

Results: Page 28 


in the sun 

Sun City (AP) — Mark 
McNulty, of South Africa, 
birdied the first two holes 
yesterday and had a four- 
under-par 68 to win the 
$300,000 (£21 1,268) first prize 
in the Sun City Million Dhollar 
Challenge by three strokes. 

McNulty, who began the 
day two shots behind Howard 
Clark, of Britain, and Bern- 
hard Langer, of West Ger- 
many. made up the deficit 
with his early birdies and soon 
found himself in front as his 
rivals began to struggle. 

RESULTS: 282: M McNulty (SAL ! 
WaaKins (US); 28ft B Langer (MM 
T C Chan (Taiwan). I WWSnar 

H Qarti IGBt 289: 0 Frost (SA 

D Graham (Aufl); 293; G Player 

New rally 

Juba Kankkunen, driving a 
Peugeot 205 Turbo for the last 
time, pulled back 38 seconds 
on his fellow Finn, Markku 
Alen, whose Lancia Delta 
punctured, on the first timed 
section of the third and last 
stage of the Olympus Rallyin 
Turn water, Washington, 

It left Alen 51 seconds dear 
with just under 200 kilometres 
to cover in the final round of 
the world championship. Alen 
holds a one point lead over 
Kankkunen in the drivers’ 

Surprise pair 

The unseeded Mike Hallett 
and Stephen Hendry achieved 
the biggest upset of the 
Hoftneister world doubles 
snooker tournament so far 
when they defeated No. 2 
seeded pair of Cliff Thorburn 
and Willie Thome' 5-4 in 
Northampton yesterday 
reach the quarter-finals. 


Ikangaa first 

Junta Ikangaa, of Tanzania, 
yesterday won one of the 



Tottenham’s Mabbnt (left) and Gough block Robson in yesterday’s draw at Old Trafford (photograph: Ian Stewart) 


Bright is 
back for 

From John Woodcock 
Cricket Correspondent 

The Australian selectors 
have made two changes for the 
thnd Test match against Eng- 
land starting in Adelaide on 
Friday, leaving out Lawson, 
who is unfit, and dropping 
Chris Matthews. Recalled are 
Hughes, who played in the 
first Test match in Brisbane, 
and the 32-year-old Ray 
Bright, who has won 25 caps, 
the first of them against 
England at Old Trafford in 

Hughes bowled some quite 
fiery stuff in the first innings 
of England’s present match 
here against Victoria. He is 
preferred to McDermott, who 

Australian team 

TEAM: A R Border. DC Boon, GR Marsh. 
D M Jones, G M Ritchie. G R Matthews. S 
R Waugh. P R Sleep. T J Zoehrer, R J 
Bright, M G Hughes. B A Rett. 

is starting to take wickets for 
Queensland, and the two New 
South Welshmen, Gilbert and 
Whitney, who bowled so well 
when routing England at New- 
castle last month. 

Bright, orthodox left-arm 
spinner, is quite often turned 
to when the selectors are in 
doubt. When playing for 
Packer be was disguised in a 
beard, but that has gone now. 
If be plays on Saturday he will 
bring useful experience to 
Border’s side. He did quite 
well with the ball on 
Anstralia’s recent tour of India 
and is by no means a neg- 
ligible lower-order batsman. 

In training 

River Plate, ihe South Ameri- 
can football club champions, 
have arrived in Tokyo to pre- 
pare for next Sunday's World 
Club Cup match with Steaua 
Bucharest of Romania, the 
European cham pions. 


Jolly Noah cracks 
the Lendl facade 

From Richard Evans, New York 

Thanks to Rod Laver, whose 
famous left arm flipped a coin 
the right way up, Boris Becker 
did not have to play Mats 
Wilander for the second consec- 
utive day in the Nabisco Mas- 
ters at Madison Square 

Having ensured that he would 
finish top of his round robin 
group by defeating Wilander 6- 
3, 3-6, 6-3 in an enthralling 
struggle on Saturday, the coin 
toss determined that Becker 
would meet the other Swede. 
Stefan Edberg, in the knock-out 
semi-final stage with Wilander 
faring Ivan Lendl whose 3-0 
winning record left the Czecho- 
slovak undisputed lea de r of the 
other group. 

Thai completed the serious 
part of Saturday's proceedings. 
The earlier part of the day could 
have been dull as well as 
less because all four top 

players found themselves in an 
unassailable position by the end 
of Friday’s play. 

But dull it was not. it is never 
Yanick Noah's intention to bore 
people and he treated bis match 
against Lendl with just the right 
amount of levity. The fact that 
there was still a matter of 
520,000 on the line for the 
winner concerned him not one 
biL He went out there to 
entertain and succeeded. 

“People complain that players 
only think about the money” 
Noah said afterwards "1 wanted 
to enjoy myself and 1 hope the 
crowd did, too. 1 had no idea 

how much money there was to 
be won.” 

Noah certainly enjoyed him- 
■ self more than he bad done the 
night before when an indigest- 
ible cheeseburger, eaten before 
his match against Andres Go- 
mez, caused him to be side at 
courtside. Even then be battled 
on pale-faced and only lost 7-6. 

Against Lendl he punctuated 
feats of athleticism with comedy 
routines that even forced a crack 
in his opponent’s stony features. 
Caught at the wrong end of a 
hopelessly short lob, be yelled 
out in despair just as Lendl was 
about to pul away a certain 
winner. The cry caused Lendl to 
dump the bail into the net and 
the umpire quite rightly 
awarded him the point for 
Noab'swiUiui harrassment of an 
opponent Noah feigned in- 
dignation but fooled no one. 

Becker, needing to win to 
avoid meeting Lendl before 
today’s final found a re- 
juvenated Wilander a tough 
opponent Recently the West 
German has developed a ten- 
dency to work his way into 
points from the back court but 
after losing the second set he 
realised all-out aggression was 
required to unsettle a base-finer 
of Wilauder’s class. 

The third set saw Becker at his 
brilliant best 

J Nystrom 
Leconte (Fr) 6-4, 6-4; I Lendl (C 
Y Noah (Fr) 6-4, 6-4: B Becker I 
bt M Wilander (Swe) 6-3, 3-6, 6 



Durand is victorious as 
British contingent fall 

From Jenny MacArthur, Bordeaux 

Pieire Durand and 
Jappeloup gave the home 
crowd the result they bad 
longed for when they won last 
night's Volvo World Cup 
qualifier after a fast and 


Douce’s trophy 

Sieve Donee, the London 
professional rider who had 
been beaten by the amateur 
international, David Baker, in 
the previous round, reversed 
the platings in Sheffield yes- 
terday to clinch overall vic- 
tory for the third successive 
season in the National Trophy 
cydo-cross series. 

Douce was riding against 
medical advice after food 

Smitto to face Witherspoon 

Jahang ir again 

world’s classic marathons, the 
Fukuoka race, in two hours 10 
minutes six seconds. Yuichiro 
Osuda, of Japan, was second in 
2hr 1 lmin !9sec and Bruno 
Lufranchi. of Switzerland, 
third in 2hr 1 lmin 25sec. 

Smith stands in 

Jahangir Khan, of Pakistan, 
beat the man who relieved 
him of the world squash 
championship, Ross Norman, 
of New Zealand, in Dubai on 
Saturday for the third time 
since losing his crown after a 
5-1/2 year unbeaten run. 
Khan won 9-1, 9-2, 9-3. 

James “Bonecrusber” 
Smith mil replace Tony 
Tubbs in a World Boxing. 
Association heavyweight title 
bout against the champion, 
Tim Witherspoon, at Madison. 
Square Garden, on Friday. 
Tubbs withdrew qting injury 
as his reason. The promoter, 
Don King, claimed Tubbs was 
ting for 

Atkinson ‘no’ 

looking for more money. 

The former Manchester 
United manager, Ron Atkin- 
son, has turned down an offer 
to manage the fourth division 
football club, Rochdale. The 
club dismissed their manager 
Vic Halom, on Friday and 
asked Atkinson, who - lives 
within a mile of their Spotiand 
ground, to take over 

furious 11-horse final jump- 

Durand, who lives outside 
Bordeaux and is both a local 
and national hero, has now 

gone to the top of the Euro- 

pean League for the Volvo 
World Cup. Lisa Tarnapoi, of 
the United States, completed 

her successful European tour 

with Adam by finishing sec- 

ond yesterday. The British, 
desperately in need of points 

towards the World Cup, had a 

poor showing, apart from 
John Whitaker, last year’s 
winner, on Mr and Mrs and 
Tom Bradley's Milton, who 
were the only ones out of the 
six British riders to reach the 

final jump-off. Durand said 

later that Whitaker had been 
his biggest worry 

Michael Whitaker had a 
disappointing round and re- 
tired Amanda after hitting 
fences five and six. The other 
British riders — Robert Smith, 
.Harvey Smith. John Whitaker 
and Nick Skelton all reached 
the first jump-off in which 
Skelton and Robert Smith 
bowed out with four faults and 
Harvey Smith with 12, leaving 
John Whitaker the only Brit- 
ish hope. 


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Pace paves 
the way 
for Leigh 

By Keith Macklixi 

There was no repeat at 
Leigh of Doncaster's John 
Player Trophy heroics against 
Hull Kingston Rovers. The 
Dons fbnght valiantly 
throughout, and twice came 
within six points of Leigh, but 
the Leigh tacks showed suf- 
ficient pace to score vital tries 
when they were needed in a 
26-14 victory. Henderson 
scored twice, Davis once and 
Collier, a forward, finished off 
a fast handling move. Johnson 
kicked five goals. 

Doncaster, who showed 
enough skill and tackling abil- 
ity to indicate that they will 
challenge for promotion. 
Scored tries through Lane and 
Bell, with three goals from 

St Helens produced an 
astonishing revival to win at 
Castleford after being 16-0 
down at half-time. Holding. 
McCormack, Platt and Clark 
(two) swept in for tries. Saint 
turned the tables to win 26-22. 

Wigan had a scare against 
the second division side, 
Swinton, before winning 20- 
14. The Wigan forward. West, 
was sent off and Bate scored a 
brilliant try for Swinton to 
produce a nail-biting finish at 
Central Park. Warrington un- 
expectedly hammered Hali- 
fax, Johnson getting a treble as 
the premiership holders 
scored 44 points against the . 
champions. The dubs in $ 
today's quarter-final draw are 1 
Barrow, Bradford Northern, 
Hull and Widnes. 

RESULTS: John Player Special Troptjr- 
Second round: Saturday: Casttetord 22. 

St Helens 26. Yesterday: Blackpool 22, 

Hi* 4& Foattwrstone 12. BratSxd 19: 

Leigh 26, Doncaster 14; Sheffield 8, 



Barrow 14; Warrington 44, HaHax 10: 
' '.artiste 6; W ‘ — 

Widnes 38, Carlisle B; Wigan 20, SwWon 
14. Stones BOfiar second dMstoc: Dews- 
bury 30. Fuftam 26; Mwsfiefd Z HuraW 

■“ 5 

in J T 

1 “i — 


riding the 

By George Ace 

Shock waves reverberated 
around the Ulster scene oa 
Saturday when Instonians, 
with a second choice outside 
half and third choice 'scram 
haff reversed an earlier 30-6 
defeat by Malone. 

Leading 13-3 at the interval 



K Vl rr< '' 
Wfh ; . 





Instonians ran out the winners 
by two tries, two penalties, 
and a drop goal to four 
penalties, in the only section 
one senior league game of the 

Malone, with six players 
who were involved in the 
Ulster side this season in 
action, never threatened to lift 
the points, and wife Ulster 
captain, David Irwin, m ,i] 
commanding form in mid- . 
field, Instonians gave more 
than a gentle him that they 
will be around when the 
championship enters its fina 1 

The revival at ' Belmont 
continues with CIYMS shar- 
ing the spoils with top Dubbo 
dub, Blackrock, both sides 
scoring 16 points. Bui 3 ° 
under-strength Bango f 
crashed to a 30-13 defeat by