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No 62,635 



THURSDAY DECEMBER 11 1986 



25p 


Labour softens stance in defence manifesto 



over nuclear 
-out date 



^ fig* 1 * to electron •Dr David Owen said the 
on a platEum ®£nnclear disanna- Alliance would refuse to support 

5?- ° m , .*_ . complex a minority Government im- 

discussion with Britain’s allies, plementing such a policy Page 7. 

® T^ e watering down of the t Military commanders say 
unilateralist line m the party”s spending the Trident budget on 
defence document acknowledges conventional weapons would not 
labour s marketing crisis. alter the military balance Page 7. 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 
The Labour Party yesterday 
gave the first signs of a 
softening of its totally anti- 
nuclear defence stance in re- 
sponse to widespread 
condemnation in Britain and 
overseas. 

Mr Neil Kinnock, the La- 


bour leader, declined to give a 
deadline for the removal of 
American nuclear weapons 
from Britain, although in- 
dicating that it would • take 
much longer than a year, and 
appeared to suggest that a 
Labour government would 
continue to accept Nato's 
nuclear strategy, including the 
protection for Britain of (he 
nuclear umbrella. 

But the party made plain 
beyond doubt that it would be 
fighting the next general elec- 


tion on the twin policies of 
unilateral nuclear disarma- 
ment coupled with strengthen- 
ing of Britain's conventional 
forces. 

The new defence policy. 
Modem Britain in a Modem 
World, unveiled by Mr 
Kinnock at a London press 


Details 
Ronald Butt 
Leading article 


6,7 

20 

21 


Tomorrow 


Giving birth 
to death 



This is baby Jamie. 
He may have Aids, 
contracted in his 
mother’s womb. He 
may die. Certainly 
he will need medical 
checks all his life. 
There are others like 
him. Some already 
have the disease. 
Thomson Prentice 
reports on the 
new generation 
of Aids victims. 


lifvi'Ei SPORTS’ 


A new hope 

Britain’s hope in the 
America’s Cup, White Cru- 
sader. may live to fight again. 
The British team has lodged a 
protest with the international 
jury against USA, the yacht 
that beat them on 
Monday Page 41 

Record merger 

Nationwide and Anglia, the 
third and sevepth-biggest 
building societies in Britain, 
are to merge next year, the 
biggest such marriage m the 
sector’s history Page 25 

Profits soar 

Profits at Guinness, the brew- 
ing and spirits group, soared 
180 per cent to £241 million, 
helped bv a first contribution 
of Distillers, the whisky group 
taken over last spring Page 25 


Companies recruiting gradu- 
ates should value their poten- 
tial as highly as any skills they 
mav have acquired, says Geoff 
Unwin, managing director of a 
computer services company, 
in an introduction to today s 
five-page General Appoint- 
ments section 

Pages 33 to 37 


A ananas * 

A Special Report on Finland 
looks at the country s landed 
relations with the Soviet 
Union and the change that 
appear imminent on its m- 

lemal political scent^^j 


Home News 2-7 
Overseas S-I2 
An pis » 

Arts . 13 
Births, dcaras. 
ourriaRts -» 

easiness 25-32 
Cowl 

Crteswwds 


Law Report IS 
Leaders £ 
Letters *7 
Parliament « 
Sale Room 2 ; 
Science ~ 
Sport 

TV ■£ Radio £ 
Weather 2-* 


****** 


conference, make unequivocal 
commitments to cancel the 
Trident submarine pro- 
gramme and deco mmissi on 
the Polaris fleet 

It promises to work to 
change Nato's nuclear strategy 
by ending the reliance cm 
nuclear weapons and enhanc- 
ing hs conventional strength. 

And it makes the key pledge 
to remove all American 
nuclear weapons from Britain. 

But in passages whose indu- 
sion owe much to the party's 
multilateralist wing led by Mr 
Denis Healey, shadow Foreign 
Secretary, the document adds 
that the process “will not be 
without complex and thor- 
ough discussion” and that 
“everything we do win in- 
volve consultation with our 
allies.” 

Only two months ago Mr 
Kinnock said that American 
weapons would' start being 
removed within 12 months of 
Labour coining to power. 

Yesterday he declined to 
put a time limit on the 
withdrawal He said that the 
removal of American weap- 
ons and bases would tech- 
nically be possible within 12 
months but added that “the 
political process requires 
longer discussions.” 

He said that the removal of 
American weapons would be 
achieved through a “process 
of partnership”. And he went 
on: “In some cases doubtlessly 
the process will not be pro- 
longed because of the ease 
with which weapons can be 
removed. In other cases it will 
be longer both for reasons of 
political discussion and the 
maintenance of the unity of 


Nato and also because of the 
technical requirements of ac- 
tual removal" 

Mr Kinnock, whose re- 
marks pleased the centre-right 
of his party but upset the left 
who were largely excluded 
from the process of drawing 
up the new document, said the 
departure of the weapons was 
“not something that can be 
done by the flick of a switch” 

Hie new policy commits 
Labour to negotiating an end 
to the policy of threatening 
first use of nulcear weapons in 
response to a conventional 
attack. 

In an interview on the eve 
of the Labour conference in 
September Mr Kinnock said 
that a Labour government 
would reject the protection of 
the American nuclear 
umbrella. 

But yesterday he indicated 
that until Britain had per- 
suaded Nato to change its 




'• “ W V'S: . : 


Defensive faces: Mr Kinnock and Mr Healey at yesterday's press conference in London. 

Political high-wire 


Defence 


act to prevent 
electoral damage 


By Robin Oakley, Political Editor 

latest defence why Labour should be willing 
to risk the future of Nato by 



Labour’s 
document marks a significant 
step back from the party's 
unilateralist line. 

Though the document was 
largely drawn up before Mr 
Kinnock’ s trip to the United 
States, the hostile reception he 
met there, with Republicans 
warning publicly that 
Labour's policies would un- 
ravel and ultimately destroy 
the Nato alliance and Demo- 
crats counselling much the 
same in private, has left its 
mark. 

While the US political 
establishment and the audi- 
ences Mr Kinnock reached 
regarded Labour’s proposed 
snapping of Polaris and 
cancellation of Trident, with,. 


acting unilaterally rather than 
in consultation with allies. 

At the very least they 
wanted the promised build-up 
of conventional arms forces to 
take place before there was 
any consideration of remov- 
ing the nuclear umbrella. 

Mr Kinnock is having to 
perform a political high-wire 
acL The multi-laleralistsm his 
shadow Cabinet, including 
Denis Healey, Roy Hattersley, 
John Smith, Peter Shore and 
Jack Cunningham are well 
aware of the damage being 
done to electoral prospects by 
the public perception of the 
unilateralist defence policy. 

Since it was first heavily 


comparative.eqnanimity. they . publicised iu October, 
were appalled at the pish to Labour's poll rating has de- 


“flexible response” strategy it 
would continue to accept it in 
the interim. 

“In die meantime no one 
can ignore the reality that our 
troops are part of a Nato 
command. 

There was no qualification 
about the speed with which 
Britain will get rid of its own 
weapons. There would simply 
be a cut-off date for Trident, 
Mr Kinnock said, and Polaris 
“would not be more than a 
couple of months.” 


dose down the US nuclear 
bases. 

Mr Kinnock was warned, as 
he was last week by Nato’s 
supreme commander, General 
Barnard Rogers, that US pub- 
lic opinion was unlikely to be 
willing to leave 330,000 troops 
in Europe if they were un- 
protected by the nuclear um- 
brella. 

And while there was some 
Sympathy for and interest in 
Mr Kinnock’s arguments that 
Nato should pledge no first 
use of nuclear weapons and 
move from the flexible re- 
sponse strategy — involving 
the threat of nuclear strikes to 
counter conventional ad- 
vances — to defence by strong 
conventional forces alone, it 
was asked again and again 


clined steadily and the 
Conservatives are now back in 
float— by 6 per cent according 
to the latest Harris poll 
But Mr Kinnock, a sincere 
and convinced unilateralist 
who does not need his CND- 
supportmg wife Gtenys to 
push him on this issue as 
many allege, is well aware that 
his defence policy is virtually 
his last lifeline to the party’s 
left, whom he has upset on 
many other issues. They were 
complaining yesterday and 
have been objecting that they 
have been left out of the 
derision-making process. 

Suspicions will intensify 
that the centre-right will fur- 
ther water down the policy 
when the shadow Cabinet and 
Continued on page 24, col 1 


strategy 
derided as 
‘dangerous 9 

The Labour Party's new 
defence policy was “des- 
perately dangerous” and 
would leave Britain 
defenceless in an uncertain 
world, Mr George Younger, 
Secretary of State for Defence, 
said yesterday. 

Dr David Owen, the SDP 
leader, also condemned the 
Labour proposals. He said: 
“There is no way that we 
would give a non-nuclear 
strategy the time of day.” 

He made it clear that the 
Alliance would refuse to sup- 
port a minority Labour 
government if it insisted on its 
non-nuclear policy. 

Mr Younger, speaking in 
London, said that a -totally 
conventional strategy would 
almost certainly mean a return 
to conscription. He 
added^Unilateral disarma- 
ithepros- 
arms talks 
West Why 
should the Russians negotiate 
seriously when everything is 
conceded to them in 
advance?” 

Mr Younger said the idea 
that using Trident money on 
conventional forces could re- 
dress the conventional im- 
balance between Nato and the 
Warsaw Pact was illusory. 

Mr Younger said it was sad 
that Mr Roy Hattersley, 
Labour's deputy leader, and 
Mr Denis Healey, the shadow 
Foreign Secretary, could not 
bring themselves to speak for 
Britain at this important time. 
Policy means danger, page 7 



terrorist 
^proposal 

From Diana Geddes 
Paris 

There was silence from the 
French Government yester- 
day after President Mitter- 
rand's astonishing public re- 
velation that France had con- 
sidered, and would be pre- 
pared to consider again, the 
release of an Arab terrorist im- 
prisoned in France in ex- 
change for the five remaining 
French hostages in Beirut. 

M Jacques Chirac, the 
Prune Minister, has always 
insisted that the Government 
would never be prepared to 
consider such a deal. 

“France will not give in to 
any form of blackmail or en- 
gage in any compromise (with 
terrorists) because that will 
only lead to further terrorist 
(acts." he told Parliament in 
October “No discussion, di- 
rect or indirect, is possible 
with terrorists.” 

President Mitterrand said 
on Tuesday night that the 
government of M Laurent 
Fabius and that of M Chirac 
had considered a presidential 
pardon for Anis Naccache — 
the pro-Iranian leader of a 
four-man commando team 
who tried to assassinate Mr 
Shapur Bakhtiar. the last Ira- 
nian Prime Minister under the 
Shah — in exchange for the re- 
lease of French hostages. 

M Mitterrand said he would 
be prepared to consider such a 
pardon provided all the hos- 
tages were released simulta- 
neously 

Naccache's release has been 
demanded by the Iranian 
authorities and the pro-Ira- 
nian Islamic Jihad, which is 
known to be holding at least 
three of the French hostages. 

Rumours that successive 
French governments have 
tried to secure the release of 
the hostages in exchange for 
Naccache have been around 
circulating for some time, but 
M Mitterrand’s announce- 
ment is the firat time they 
have been admitted openly. 

His comments also con- 
tained a message for Iran: The 
hostage problem, however 
preoccupying, could not be al- 
lowed to change the main lines 
of France's foreign policy. 

In particular, “Fiance can- 
not suddenly form an alliance 
with Iran and foiget its under- 
takings with Iraq.” 

Mitterrand benefits, page 9 
Silent march, page 9 
Photograph, page 9 


Casey 
quizzed 
on role 
of CIA 

From Michael Binyon 
Washington 

Mr William Casey, the 
director of the Central Intelli- 
gence Agencv. testified yes* 
tenday on the Iran affair to the 
House of Representatives' for- 
eign affairs committee at a 
closed session. 

No public disclosure was 
made of what he said about 
the CIA role in the shipment 
of arms to Iran and the 
handling of the funds in Swiss 
banks, increasingly the inves- 
tigation. 

The jVfw York Times said 
yesterday that Mr Casey came 
to know about the diversion of 
funds to the Contras a month 
before Mr Edwin Meese, the 
Attorney General discovered 
this. This conflicts with Mr 
Meese’s assertion last month 
that only two officials. Ad- 
miral John Poindexter and 
Colonel Oliver North, knew 
about this. 

The paper said Mr Casey 
was told by subordinates at 
the CIA, who found out 
through the agency's intelli- 
gence-gathering efforts. They 
and Mr Casey confronted 
Admiral Poindexter, then the 
National Security Adviser, 
who in turn promised to look 
into the reported diversion. 

On Tuesday General Rich- 
ard Secord, the retired Penta- 
gon officer who was deeply 
involved in raising private 
money for the Nicaraguan 
Contras, refused to answer 
questions before the Senate 
committee, invoking his Fifth 
Amendment rights. 

Mr Larry Speakes, the 
White House spokesman, has 
suggested that President 
Reagan himself would be will- 
ing to answer questions about 
the affair. Asked whether he 
would accept questioning 
from the independent counsel 
yet to be appointed by a court, 
Mr Speakes replied: “I'm sure 
the President would be willing 
to comply with any and all 
requests to talk to him.” 

He added: “The President 
will respond as openly and as 
truthfully and as quickly as he 
can. But he has to wait until 
the facts are determined 

There is, however, no 
suggestion that Mr Reagan 
should appear before any of 
the congressional committees 
now in session or before the 
two special investigating 
committees that will be set up 
by the House and Senate. 


British protest to Iran 


Whitehall protested to Teh- 
ran yesterday after learning 
through news agency reports 
that the detained British 
businessman, Mr Roger Coo- 
per, may face espionage 
charges (Andrew McEwen, 
Diplomatic Correspondent, 
writes). 

On Monday Mr Akhun- 
zadeh Basti, the Iranian 
Charge d’Affaires, was sum- 


moned to the Foreign Office 
and warned that Anglo-Ira- 
nian diplomatic relations 
could be scaled down if Mr 
Cooper’s detention continued. 

Mr Cooper, aged 51, has 
been held without charge in a 
Tehran jail for one year. 
Repeated British demands for 
consular access have been 
ignored. 


Pretoria tightens 
screws on press 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 


In a further tightening of the 
screws of repression, the 
South African Government is 
to impose an unprecedented 
blanket ban from today on all 
unauthorized reporting of 
"unrest” - a very broadly 
defined concept — by both 
local and foreign journalists, 
which have not been cleared 
in advance by officials. 

The Southern African Soci- 
ety of Journalists, the main 
journalists' union, last night 
called the new media curbs 
“pre-publication censorship - 
the final resort of the world’s 
worst dictatorships.” 

The broad outline of the 
new regulations was con- 
firmed here yesterday by Mr 
Sioffel van der Merwe, the 
Deputy Minister of Informa- 
tion. at a lunch with foreign 
correspondents. 

Mr van der Merwe did not 
go into details, but said that 
reporting of “all sorts of 
resistance” to the Govern- 
ment would be covered by the 
new measures, which go 
considerably further than the 
severe press curbs already m 


force under the state of emer- 
gency, in force since June 12. 

Any unrest-related informa- 
tion. as defined in the regula- 
tions, will have to be approved 
by the relevant Government 
department before it can be 
published. Journalists and 
newspapers which do not 
observe this procedure will 
have to take the consequences. 

Under the present emer- 
gency regulations, any person, 
found guilty of violating them 
is liable to a maximum fine of 
20,000 rands (f&25Q) and/or a 
prison term of 10 years. 

It is expected that “unrest” 
be defined to cover almost any 
kind of agitation or anti- 
government activity, includ- 
ing boycotts, demonstrations, 
meetings and processions, and 
not merely riots and violence. 

Even reporting of state- 
ments by MPs on such matters 

will be subject to official 
clearance, Mr van der Merwe, 
who heads the Government's 
Bureau for Information, said. 
This, it is understood, would 
not apply to statements made 
in Parliament itself 


Lawson 

U-turns 

criticized 

By Rodney Lord 
Economics Editor 

The Government has been 
accused of making a U-tum in 
important areas of economic 
policy by the Treasury and 
Civil Service Select 
Committee. 

The committee, in a critical 
report on the Chancellor’s 
autumn statement said there 
had been substantial changes 
of policy on public spending 
control, reducing the money 
supply and the role of interest 
rates and exchange rates. 

The committee’s diairman, 
Mr Terence Higgins, said 
many of the changes, such as 
the reduced role for the ster- 
ling M3 measure ofthe money 
supply, were welcome. But 
monetary policy was de- 
scribed as “obscure”. 

The committee said the 
Government’s revised plans 
for public spending repre- 
sented a modification of pre- 
vious ambitions, though it 
welcomed the higher capital 
spending. 


Dead man ‘helped’ 
convict a relative 


Evidence from a dead man 
yesterday helped convict a 
former Army staff sergeant ol 
killing two people by reckless 
driving after an evening’s 
drinking. 

Police were unable to 
breath-test Albert Gorton af- 
ter the head-on crash because 
of his serious injuries. How- 
ever, tests on the body of his 
brother-in-law, who was killed 
in the accident, showed be was 
on the drink-drive border line. 
The court was told that Gor- 
ton, aged 47, who denied two 
charges of causing death by 
reckless driving, had matched 
Mr Gerald Potter’s drinking 
pint for pint. 

Judge Harry Bennett, QC, 
ruled that the jury at York 
Grown Court should hear of 
the tests on the dead man's 
body, despite protests from 
Mr John Sleightholme, for the 
defence. 

Mr John Cockcroft, for the 
prosecution. sai± “The ac- 
cused had drunk the same as 
his brother-in-law." 

Tests showed the dead man 
showed had drunk the equiva- 
lent of three pints of beer. 
Members of the jury might 


believe to drive after drinking 
that amount was reckless, said 
Mr Cockcroft 

He added eye-witnesses saw 
Gorton, of Barnsley Road, 
Hemsworth, Pontefract, West 
Yorkshire driving erratically 
as he left York following a 
meal with his sister Alma 
Potter and her husband 
GeralcL 

Minntes later Gorton’s 3Vz 
litre Rover bit a Vauxhall 
Viva, killing Mr Potter and 
Mr Peter Milson, a learner- 
driver aged 21, of C&lcaxia 
Road. Tadcaster. 

Mr Cockcroft said police 
checks showed the Rover’s 
speedometer had jammed at 
56 mph — it was a 30 mph 
road. 

Hospital tests carried out on 
Mr Potter’s body were dis- 
missed as “nonsense” by Mr 
Sleightholme, because drink 
affects people differently. 

Gorton was fined a total of 
£225 for causing death by 
reckless driving and an admit- 
ted offence of fraudulent use 
of a tax disc. He was also 
banned from driving for five 
years. 


Record price for Rembrandt’s unkn own girl 


By David Sapsted 
A Rembrandt portrait of a 
plump girt, possibly tire 
artist’s sister, was sold for 
£7.26 million, a record price 
for a painting by the Flemish 
master, at Soiheby’s 
yesterday. „ . . 

The buyer of Portail of a 
lady wishes to remain anony- 
mous and Sotheby’s staff 
even refusing to disclose the 
continent he lives in. 

Although the London auc- 
tioneers had cautiously put a 
price tag of around £2 million 
on the oval portrait - sold 
from a private collection in 


the United States - there was 
speculation before the rale 
that, given the increasing 
prices of works of art, it could 
top the £8.1 million paid fra 1 
the world’s most expensive 
painting, Mantegna’s The 
Adoration of the Magi, in 
April last year. 

The bidding opened at 
£500,000 and there were sev- 
eral bidders up to £3 million, 
the New York dealers Fteigen 
being the last to drop out 

The final bid was £6.6 mil- 
lion, Sotheby’s 10 per cent 
commission, which both seller 
and buyer have to pay, being 


added to the price. The only 
tax liability on tire picture is 
the 15 per cent VAT added to 
the commission charges. 

It was once owned by Prince 
Johannes n of Lichtenstein, 
and was bought in 1929 by an 
American millionaire, the late 
Mr Robert Treat Paine n. It 
was on loan to the Museum of 
Fine Arts in Boston for 20 
years before Mr Paine’s family 
decided to sell it earlier this 
year. 

The girl in the portrait, 
wearing a serious expression * 
and a black cloak trimmed 
with gold, shares Rembrandt's 


plump features. While some 
believe she may be the artist's 
sister, or even his first wife, 
other experts say she came 
straight from the artist's 
imagination. 

There is no question among 
scholars that the work is 
anything but genuine: it is 
signed by Rembrandt and 
dated 1632. 

Works by Rembrandt are a 
rarity at auction. The previous 
highest price, $2.3 million 
(£1.6 bn) in 1961, was paid for 
Aristotle Contemplating the 
Bust of Homer at Parke- 
Bemei, the New York firm 


subsequently taken over by 
Sotheby’s. 

The last Rembrandt which 
appeared on the market was a 
less important portrait which 
made just over £478,000 in 
1980, also in New York. 

As yesterday's painting 
came from the United States, 
there will be no need for an 
export licence from Britain, 
assuming it is going abroad 
again. 

In the same sale, two por- 
traits by Rembrandt's 
contemporary, Frans Hals, 
were bought in at £1.4 million 
and £1.6 million. 



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HOME NEWS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 1 1 1986 


£5.5m award for 
bog treasure 


Unicef mourns the children who die needlessly 


An Irish businessman and his son should be paid £SS 
mulion for a hoard of trea su re which they found in a bog 
with rite aid of a £100 metal detector, a Dublin High Court 
judge ruled yesterday. 

Mr Justice Blayney, who ruled test July that the early 
Christian altar set was not state property* said that the 
money should be paid by the Irish National Mnsemn if it 
wanted to keep the pieces, found In Co Tipperary in 1980. 

Bnt Mr Michael Webb, aged 58, of Clonmel, Co 
Tipperary, and his son, Michael, aged 22 , will have to wait 
for their money. The mnsemn will be appealing because it 
says the ruling favours unlawful excavation. 


Magazine Sogat to 
seizure recruit 


By Phnl Vailely 

More children died, as a 
matter of routine, in Bangla- 
desh during the past two years 
than perished during the en- 
tire Ethiopian famine. 

That is but one example of 
the “silent emergency" given 
in the 1987 “State of the 
WorkTs Children” report is- 
sued in London yesterday by 
Unicef, the United Nations 
Children's Fund. 

The silent emergency is the 
one in which 280,000 children 
die needlessly every week 
from diseases which could be 
countered by treatments 
which cost only a few pence 
per head. 

In a report launched to 


mark the fortieth anniversary 
of the foundation of Unicef 
the organization calls for a 
new international impetus to 
halve the world's intent 
mortality rate by 1990 using 
new low-cost technologies 
which pi ggy back upon those 
hesitant infrastructures which 
already exist in the Third 
World. 

“It makes no moral dif- 
ference that these millions of 
children did not die in any one 
particular place at one particu- 
lar time. But it does mean that 
their suffering cannot be 
framed in the viewfinder of a 
camera,” the report says, call- 
ing on governments, aid agen- 
cies aria the news media to 
mobilize once more ibe public 


indignation and compassion 
aroused by the "loud 
emergency" of the African 
famine. 

The two main kilters in the 
developing world are di- 
arrhoea and a group of dis- 
eases which are preventable by 
vaccination. Dehydration 
caused by diarrhoea kills 
14,000 children every day. 
Deaths from measles, whoop- 
ing cough, polio, tetanus and 
diptheria are around 10,000 
every day. 

Almost 90 per cent of these 
are easily and cheaply 
preventable. Dehydration can 
be cored by administering oral 
rehydration salts (a mixture of 
salt, sugar and water in the 
correct proportions). The 


other diseases can be warded 
off by an immunization pack- 
age which costs less than £5 
per bead. Big health advances 
could also be made by the 
promotion of breast-feeding, 
improved weaning, weight 
and growth monitoring and 
birth sparing. What is lacking 
in the developing world today 
is the effort to communicate 
news of these simple rem- 
edies. 

The effectiveness of the new 
low-cost strategy has already 
been proved in countries like 
Colombia. Brazil and the 
Cam croons. But to extend it 
throughout the developing 
world requires a demonstra- 
tion of political will from 
Third World leaders which 


goes bevood the lip-servicc of 
the past- It also requires a 
continuing commitment front 
governments of the indus- 
trialized nations. 

In feet the 1980s has seen 
the opposite happen. Despite 
the somewhat fragile eco- 
nomic improvements in the 
West, the report says, “for the 
first time we are witnessing a 
recovery of growth without a 
corresponding recovery in ei- 
ther commodity prices or 
employment levels. 

Unicef is critical of the 
whole industry which has 
been created in the aid world 
which has “led to a mammoth 


production of complex prob- 

•> ...k:.k 


lem analyses 


produced either irrelevant ac- 
tion or “presented problems 
as so intrinsically complex 
that the courage to act is 
killed. ” 

The Unicef report considers 
“the main lesson of lhc Iasi 
four decades of development 
effort to be the realization that 
the onlv forms of aid which 
have proved successful are 
those simple measures which 
the local people have under- 
stood. approved and modified 
to their own needs rather than 
dauntingly comprehensive 
packages by outside experts.” 

• A £75 million package of 
aid is being put together for 
the 320 million children under 
14 in India by Unicef. 


Magistrates at Newham, 
east London, yesterday or- 
dered the seizure of 
200,000 pornographic 
magazines valued at more 
than £250,000 after a day 
at a warehouse in south- 
east London. The crown 
proseention service will de- 
cide on whether to issue 
summonses. 

The magazines belong to 
Qmedyrm, which has had 
material removed before 
only to have it returned 
altar magistrates ruled it 
not obscene. 


Sogal "82, the largest 
print onion, which said it 
was financially crippled by 
its dispute with News 
International, launched a 
£70,000 national campaign 
yesterday to recruit at least 

10.000 more members over 
the next year. 

Miss Brenda Dean, gen- 
eral secretary, did not be- 
lieve it would involve 
competition with other 
unious.The union has 

206.000 members, a 5 per 
cent drop from two years 
ago. 


Dimbleby honoured 


Government 
is prepared 
to guillotine 
teacher Bill 


By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 


Richard Dimbleby, the broadcaster, who died in 1965, is 
to be commemorated by a plaque in Westminster Abbey, it 
was announced yesterday . 

The plaque records his work, particularly his role as 
commentator on state occasions and services at the abbey 
where it will be unveiled next Tuesday at a service attended 
by Princess Alexandra. 

Mr David Dimbleby, his son, said: “Twenty-one years 
after his death, ter from being forgotten as he expected, his 
reputation has never been higher." 


‘Panther’ 
plea fails 


Peter Sellers's widow, 
the actress Lynne Fred- 
erick {right), can keep her 
one minion dollar damages 
awarded for the illegal use 
of “oto-takes” from his 
successful Pink Panther 
films. 

The Court of Appeal 
yesterday dismissed an ap- 
peal by Blake Edwards, the 
film director, that he was 
entitled to use dips and 
discarded pieces of old film 
to make a new film. Trial of 
the Pink Panther. 

Miss Frederick, aged 32, 
who lives in Los Angeles, 
claimed that the film was 
an “insult" to her former 
husband's name, and he 
would have “hated” it. 



Magazines ban lifted 


The next round of the battle between Mr Robert 
Maxwell and Private Eye is to be fought on leading 
newsagents^ shelves after alL 
IV H Smith and Johu Mercies said yesterday tforf they 
would distribute a special glossy fund-raising issue aad 
W H Sm i th also lifted an earlier tern on Mr Maxwell's 
spoof magazine, Not Private Eye. 


The Government was last 
night prepared to guillotine a 
debate on the final stages of 
the Bill empowering an im- 
posed settlement of the 
teachers' pay dispute. That 
would ensure it completes its 
Commons stages by Christ- 
mas. 

Ministers' determination 
not to be deflected from their 
course was underlined as it 
became clear that the Opposi- 
tion is bent on delaying the 
passage of the controversial 
legislation. The Opposition 
plan to keep the House sitting 
through the night and into this 
afternoon to wipe out today's 
business. 

Government sources said 
they would see how successful 
the Opposition's tactics pro- 
ved to be before deriding whe- 
ther to bring in a guillotine 
motion — a move that re- 
quires 24 hours notice and 
must be proceeded by a throe- 
hour debate. 

With the committee stage 
being taken on the floor of the 
House, MPs were delating 
some 140 amendments and 
seven new clauses tabled by 
the opposition parties. 

The seven-clause Bill scraps 
the Bur nham pay bar gaining 
committee and replaces it 
with an interim advisoiy 
committee to guide Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary of 
State for Education and Sci- 
ence, on teachers' salaries and 
duties. 

It also gives him power to 
over-ride the committee and 
impose settlements up to 1 990 
at the least 


X 

£B0_ 


The Architects of Time 



Mr Giles Radice, Labour’s 
fronibenefa education spokes- 
man, accused Mr Baker of 
seeking to “railroad” the 
Commons by pushing through 
the Bill without consultation. 

“Such haste and lack of 
consideration might have 
beenjustiftedintirae of war or 
to stop terroirism, but cannot 
be justified in this highly 
controversial Bill, which abol- 
ishes collective bargaining un- 
til 1990 at the least and puts in 
its place naked minist erial 
diktat.” 

But Mr James Pawsey, Tory 
MP for Rugby and Kenilworth 
and chairman of the back- 
bench education committee, 
said Mr Baker bad been left 
with no choice in the light of 
all the recent disruption in 
schools and the lade of agree- 
ment among the unions. 

Earlier. 800 teachers had 
lobbied Westminister as part 
of the cam p ai g n by the Na- 
tional Union of Teachers 
against the BilL 
They were told that the 
Educational Institute of Scot- 
land, which has rejected a 16.4 
per cent pay and conditions 
jMclcag p similar to that put 
forward by Mr Baker, would 
support them in their struggle. 

Mr John Pollock, the gen- ; 
eral secretary said: “Legisla- : 
tion will spread this dispute j 
ter beyond the classroom. j 
Teachers must not be left to 
fight alone because it is a fight 
on , behalf of the whole of 
society. There must be a 
negotiated settlement That is 
the only way forward in a 
democratic society." 

Drop in grant fails 
to put students off 

A 13 per cent tell in the 
value of student grants since 
1979 has not deterred a record 
number of students from 
entering higher education, Mr 
George Walden, Minister of 
Stale at the Department of 
Education and Science, told a 
Commons committee yes- 
terday (Our Education Corres- 
pondent writes). 

However, he said the 
Government acknowledged 
that the grant was not “fully 
satisfactory”. 

Mr Walden said it was often 
claimed that loans acted as a 
disincentive. Yet in those 
countries where they were 
commonplace, such as the 
United Stales, Sweden, Ger- 
many and France, there was 
an even greater proportion of 
young people enrolled in 
higher education. 

Mr Walden told the comm- 
ittee that grants to nearly half 
a million students were cost- 
ing the taxpayer £500 million 
a year. 

He went on to attack pro- 
posals by the National Union 
of Students, which he cal- 
culated would raise the cost to 
£800 million a year, with an- 
other £1 billion on top of that 
to pay a “student wage” to aH 
young people aged 16 to 19 
continuing in further 
education. 

Mr Walden said be could 
not believe that the NUS 
proposals represented the 
views of students as a whole. 

He added that be was not a 
“blind believer” in loans. It 
was important not to dis- 
courage those with a lower 
income background. 

The inquiry into student 
support is thought unlikely to 
report until after the next 
general election. 



Rent debt 
rise is 
corrupt, 
MP says 


By Richard Evans 
Political Correspondent 


Mrs Mary Handley, aged 


66, was Itified when a gas 
explosion destroyed this cot- 
tage in the village of Bulford 
on SaHsbrny Plain, Wiltshire, 
yesterday. She died after 
staggering into her front 
garden and collapsing on the 
fenc&A spokesman for Brktsh 
Gas said later that it was 


inspecting a fracture in a six- 
inch gas mum alongside the 
pavement 


Mr Patrick Shannon, aged 
28, an upholsterer on his way 
to work, was one of the first on 
the scene. He held a tedder 
while another man climbed up 
and looked into the innhfing. 


“We saw a figure stagger out 
and tell down on to the fence. 
We couldn't get any closer to 
the house because of the heat 
of the fire,” he said. 

Richard Stephenson, a 
newspaper delivery boy, said 
he could hear a hissing sound 
and a smell like had eggs when 
he passed the house. 


Anti-Aids 
exchange 
for needles 


Study calls for job 
guarantee scheme 


By Thomson Prentice 

Mr Norman Fowler, the 
Secretary of Slate for Social 
Services, is likely to recom- 
mend a scheme of free ex- 
change needles for drug 
addicts, in the fight against 
Aids, after watching a similar 
scheme at work in Amsterdam 
yesterday. 

A bus serves as a mobile 
clinic and touts the city every 
day trading new needles for 
old with Amsterdam's huge 
population of drug users. 

The bus also dispenses phi- 
als of methadone as a heroin 
substitute but such a move is 
not being contemplated in 
Britain. 

Hie Amsterdam health 
department brought in the ! 
needle exchange last year after 
a surge of Aids virus cases. 

A s imilar crisis has already 
occurred in some British cit- 
ies, most notably Edinburgh, 
where over 1,000 addicts are 
now believed to be Aids 
carriers and 25 babies have 
been bom infected 


By Ronald Faux, Employment Affairs Correspondent 
Jobs guaranteed by the employment committee, that 


Government for the long-term 
unemployed is a feasible and 
cost-effective way of reducing 
the “waste and despair” of 
remaining on unemployment 
benefit, the Employment In- 
stitute said yesterday. 

A report by a working group 
of the institute, an all-party 
pressure group, said that 
750,000 people could be re- 
moved from the register if the 
Government would agree to 
make a net investment of 
£13 billion to guarantee a 
year’s work, or a place in a 
training programme, to any- 
one who had not worked lor 
more than a year. Employers 
should be offered £2,000 to 
take on such a worker. 

Their report recommended 
a priority “Building Improve- 
ment Programme” to deal 
with the huge backlog of 
maintenance and improve- 
ment work that needed to be 
done on public bousing, 
schools, hospitals and roads. 

The group rejected the 
calculation by the Commons 


a job guarantee scheme would 
cost about £4.5 billion, and 
said that, once savings in 
unemployment benefit and 
extra tax and national insur- 
ance recepfts were allowed for, 
the actual cost would be less 
than half the Government's 
estimate. 

Present levels of unemploy- 
ment were described as un- 
acceptable with evidence of 
more mental illness, broken 
families and 01-beaIth. 


Brent council's bad real 
collection record was blamed 
on corruption by a Tory MP 
yesterday. 

The west London borough 
failed to collect 63 per cent of 
rent owinj* in the 12 months 
up to April, a figure twice as 
bad as any other council. 

Mr Harry Greenway, MP 
for Ealing. North, said: 
“Brent's quite disgraceful ten- 
ure to collect so much rent can 
only be due to dangerous 
inefficiency or, more likely, 
very serious corruption. This 
is the latest example of the 
extreme inefficiency and 
malfldm instration of this 
council.” 

He called for the Audit 
Commission to investigate. 

National arrears rose to 
£210 million during the year. 
equivalent to 5.7 per cent of 
rent payable, with the 20 worst 
authorities reporting debts of 
more than £100 million. 

However, Mr John Patten. 
Minister for Housing, said last 
night that more than 300 
authorities had kept arrears 
below 5 per cent and well over 
100 had arrears below 2 per 
cent. 

The 10 worst councils, 
according to local authority 
figures, are: 

Brent £10.96 million (63 per 
cent of rent collectable); 
Haringey £5.59 miDion (28.5 
per cent); 

Southwark £13.36 million 
(24.4 per cent); 

Lambeth £10 million* (24 per 
I cent): 

Waltham Forest £4.36 million 
(23.6 per cent); 

Lewisham £6.83 million (19.5 
percent); 

Islington £6.17 million (1S.2 
percent); 

Hackney £5.49 million (16.2 
percent); 

Camden £4.40 million (15.6 
percent): 

Liverpool £7.67 million (13.1 
percent); 

•Department of Environment 
estimate. 


Hatton steps 
down to jeers 


estimate. J ^ Dere * Hatton stepped 

Present levels of unemploy- ?? wn “ '<*** oi 

meat were described as un- SS!°i - ,ty C £ aei J!*' 
acceptable with evidence of . 10 a 

more mental Alness, broken “Jf. demonstrators in the 
families and ill-bealih. public gallery 

A Job Guarantee for Long- « Ik r 

Term Unemployed People ^ 

(Richard Jackman and others, Labour Party for activities 
The . Employment Institute, with Militant Tendency, splat- 
£2.50). tered behind him. The pro- 

• A £12 million reclamation testers, from the union Nalgo, 
scheme to generate work in an want the council to rejoin a 
unemployment blackspot was pay negotiating body 
launched yesterday on the site of 3 ^ ° 


(Richard Jackman and others, 
The Employment institute, 
£2.50). 

• A £12 million reclamation 
scheme to generate work in an 


a derelict steelworks which 
closed five years ago with the 
loss of 2,800 jobs. 

Within the next five years 400 
acres of the once bustling British 
Steel Corporation's works at 
Normanby Park, Scunthorpe. 
Humberside will be renovated 
and an estimated 1,500 jobs 
created. 


! TJ* Thou* wnw 

Sc* 29: Bdgtum B Frs 30: 
Canada *2 75; Canaries Pes 200. 
&nM^7qCTn{KDenmarlt Dkr 10.00 
Finland Mkk 9.00 France F 8.00; W 
Germany dm 3.so Gibraltar 60n: 

K£*SSJ^22 ft .. H P n * nd «5.SO Irfan 
Republic «Op; Italy L 2.700 Luxem- 
boura Lf 48: Madeira ESC 170 Malta 
SBc^Morocco Dir 10.00 Norway Kr 


i PakfatanJRps 18: Portugal Esc 

PS 

s, - 76: 


Walkout throws Irish 
coalition into crisis 


By Richard Ford 

The tottering coalition oftfivoi 
government in the Irish people” 
Republic was plunged into a y. 
minority position yesteday 
when a bad? bencher resigned 
from the Fine Gadpar- “2*™ 

^ffi^aconser- 

vative Deputy representing 
Dublin General, quit the parly 
before moves by Dr (tenet 
FitzGerald to remove the 
whip from her. She has been at 111 
the centre of controversy since Thegi 
describing everyone in favour votes to 


of divorce as “enemies of the 
people”. 

The government's final col- 
lapse is likely over the tough 
measures needed in next 
year's budget to solve the 
appalling economic problems 
teeing the country. It is un- 
likely that the Fine Gael- 
Labour government will be 
able to agree on austerity 
measures. 


mm 


The government now has 81 
votes to 83 for its opponents. 


Taking care in the 1640s 


To Und& Sim 
and Auntie May, 
fbfit&i and happy 
an Capri : 
Heresmycata 
ivrth Christmas wishes. 
(Stomp cafe only 18p!) 




The discovery of five con- 
doms believed to be about 340 
years old in a castle keep has 
led archaeologists to the 
coudnshm that not only were 
soldiers in the Fn gKwh Civil 
War caution lovers, but that 
“french letters” really did 
orupnate in France. 


By Craig Seton 


EBEL BOUTIQUE Ltd. 


179 NEW BOND STREET 
LONDON W1Y 9PD 
TELEPHONE 01 491 1252 


The condoms, made of fish 
and animal intestines, were 
retrieved from a 15ft shaft of a 
garderobe, or lavatory In the 
keep at Dudley Castle in the 
West Midlands. 


They have been dated back 
to the 1640s when the Civil 
War was raging and are, 
apparently, the earliest known 


use of sheaths on this side of 
the Channel. 

Miss Stephanie Ratkai, the 
find supervisor on an 
archaeological dig at tire cas- 
tle, said yesterday: “It really is 
a revolutionary discovery. 

“At first we thought they 
were parchment, bat we sent 
them to be examined at tire 
Leath e r Conservation Centre 
in Northampton and they told 
as what they were. 

“I have not come across 
anything to suggest they were 
known in this conn try before 
the 1680s.” 

She believes that the con- 
doms would have been used by 
officers who held Dudley Cas- 


tle for the Royalists daring the 
Civil War, not as contra- 
ceptives, but to prevent veneral 
diseases, which were common 
at the time. 



Miss Ratkai suspects that 
because sheaths were not 
known in England at that time, 
they were brought back to 
En gland by officers returning 
from France. 


Letter post to EEC countries now 
costs the same as first class post in 
the UK ... . Makes it easier to greet 
friends and relatives in Europe this 
Christmas and New Year! 


She said: “We are searching 
through documents to see if we 
can establish the French 
connection.” 


Royal Mail 


Miss Ratkai hopes that the 
condoms will be pat on display 
in the castle mnsemn. 


Tfou can now post tetters and cards iup to 20a i for if r, 

.BELGIUM. DENMARK ■ FRANCE GREECE 
LUXEMBOURG • PORTUGAL • REP OF IRELAND SPAIN W GERMANY 


’JIRm: 


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ZHC 




THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 1 1 1986 


HOME NEWS 


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Girl named doctor 
as man who raped 
her, aunt tells jury 


A jury heard yesterday of 
the moment a girl, aged eight, 
stamped her feel and blurted 
out the name of the man who 
she said had raped her. 

The distressed girl finally 
named her attacker to her 
mother's sister, who had taken 
her out and bought her some 
chocolate buttons so that she 
could question her. 

The aunt, aged 32, had been 
called as a defence witness in 
the private prosecution ag- 
ainst a doctor who has been 
accused of raping the girl, then 
aged eight, while she was 
staying at his house last year. 

The aunt, a nurse, told the 
jury on the third day of the 
trial at Chelmsford Crown 
Court, that she had been 
called in by the girl's mother 
to question the child about the 
attack. 

On September 24, 1985, the 
aunt took the girl to a park and 
sat her on a bench. She girl 
said that the assault took place 
at the doctor's house where 
she was staying for five days 
while her divorced mother 
looked after her epileptic son 
in hospital. 

The aum told the jury the 
child then got very upset and 
that she had to comfort her. 

But on that occasion the girl 
said it was the doctor's son. 


By Michael Horsnell 

aged four, who had raped her. 
When told the boy would have 
to be smacked for that she 
changed her mind and said 
that she had injured herself. 

Later on she said H was a 
man, but withdrew from 
blaming the doctor. 

Finally, when they got back 
to the gin's house and the aunt 
questioned her for the third 
time, she named the doctor. 

The aum told the court: 
“She stamped her feet in 
absolute anger said: ‘I told 
you, auntie. Why don’t you 
believe me? I have told you it 
was the doctor who did it.' 

"I remember that so dearly. 
She was so adamant it was 
him. You can’t forget things 
like that 1 can see her stamp- 
ing her feet just like a little gui 
does. It was obviously so 
much in her heart that she had 
to keep telling somebody. She 
was sobbing her heart out." 

The aum told the court: 
“Children are basically inno- 
cent and very truthful.” 

The girl's aunt was at the 
doctor's house when police 
arrested him. She said the 
doctor's wife immediately 
telephoned the girfs mother 
and said: “If ever I see her, I 
will kill her ” 

Earlier, the doctor's wife 
told the court that she was 


unaware of her husband leav- 
ing the marital bed during the 
night when he is alleged to 
have slipped into the girl's 
room and raped her. 

She told the jury that when 
her husband was arrested 
neither she nor he knew what 
offence he was alleged to have 
committed. 

The doctor said yesterday 
that, if the girl had been 
sexually assaulted at his 
house, then be was the only 
possible culprit — but nothing 
at all had happened to her. 

He was handed colour 
photographs which be agreed 
he had taken of the girl ami his 
son, aged four, in the bath, in 
which she was shown naked in 
fully frontal positions, but 
denied there was any sexual 
motive for taking them. 

The doctor, aged 50, an 
anaesthetist from Essex, said: 
“If the girl was assaulted, at 
night, in my house it would 
have had to be me, I would 
have imagined, but I certainly 
did not assault her. 

He told Mr Anthony 
Arlidge, QC, for the defence, 
that the only time he went into 
the room which the giri was 
sharing with his son was to 
read the two children a bed- 
time story. 

The case continues today. 


Doctor’s murder trial 

Wife’s ‘silent accusation’ 


A doctor demonstrated yes- 
terday bow she silently ac- 
cused her husband, a general 
practitioner, of trying to mur- 
der her. 

Dr Madhu Baksb, aged 43, 
said she was lying in a hospital 
bed unable to speak because 
her throat had been cut when 
her husband. Dr John Baksh, 
appeared at her bedside. 

“He bad a bouquet of 
flowers and was leaning down 
giving me a look of love,” the 
doctor told the Central Crim- 
inal Court 

“He asked me if I could 
remember there were masked 
men around my car. I was 
unable to speak but I shook 
my head as if to say no. I lifted 
my finger to show there was 
one man and I pointed at him. 
He started to plead.” 

Dr John Baksh, aged 53, of 
Gloucester House. Bickley 
Road, Bromley, south-east 
London, denies murdering his 
first wife. Ruby, also a doctor, 
on New Year’s Day, 1983, and 
attempting to murder his sec- 
ond wife in January this year. . 

Mr Allan Green, for the 
prosecution, has alleged that 
Dr Baksh injected drugs into 
his first wife while they were 
on holiday in Spain and got an 
elderly local doctor to certify 


she died from a heart attack. 

He wanted to be free to 
marry Madhu, but faced with 
heavy debts he allegedly 
drugged her, slit her throat 
and dumped her in woods in 
Kent Her life was saved when 
she was discovered by a 
passer-by. Dr Baksh claimed 
his wife was abducted by 
masked men but later alleg- 
edly confessed to police. 

Mrs Baksh said her husband 
pleaded with her that she must 
not say it was he who attacked 
her. 

“He said ‘Save me. save my 
life, otherwise I will go to 
jail'.” 

She confirmed that Dr 
Ralrch wrote to her in prison. 

“Save me please, I have had 
enough of p unishme nt,” he 
allegedly pleaded. “I have had 
such a lesson I wiD not even 
park on a yellow line again”. " 

The court has been told that 
Dr Baksh fell in love with 
Madhu when she joined the 
ccs he shared with his 
wife in Eltham and 
Chisleburst, south-east 
London. Within two weeks of 
his first wife's death they were 
lovers. Later they were 
married. 

Mr Robin Simpson, QC, for 
the defence, challenged Mis 


Rak<h that if she was telling 
the troth that Dr Baksb had 
told her he bad murdered his 
first wife, by then she knew 
that she was marrying a 
murderer. 

“I did not think of him as a 
murderer after a time. I think 
he was a human being who 
had made a big mistake, for 
which he was ashamed,” she 
replied. 

“He said God had forgiven 
him.” 

Mr Paul Polanski, brother 
of the film director, Roman 
Polanski, said that be had 
been at a New Year’s Eve 
party at a bar in Torre, Spain, 
which Dr Baksh and Ruby 
attended at the end of 1982. 
The next morning he was told 
Ruby was dead. 

He called the police who 
asked him to interpret be- 
tween a Spanish doctor and 
Dr Baksh. 

“The S panish doctor asked 
bow his wife was the night 
before — if she had had any 
illness. He said his wife had 
said something about not 
feeling too well, had taken 
something and had gone to 
bed. Dr Baksh said he woke 
the next morning and found 
her dead.” 

The trial continues today. 



Engineer’s 

£320,000 

swindle 

The former chief engineer at 
the North Tees Power Station, 
was yesterday jailed for five 
years on 28 charges of corrup- 
tion, conspiracy and theft. 

Teesside Crown Court was 
told that Kenneth Atkinson, 
aged 54, pocketed up to 
£320,000 by taking bribes and 
swindling the Central Electric- 
ity Generating Board. The 
court made Atkinson, of the 
Highlands, Brampton, North 
Yorkshire, criminally bank- 
rupt for £132,000. 

Judge Stroyan. QC said 
that the CEGB should have 
kept much tighter control oyer 
the £6 million modernization 
scheme at the power station. 

Atkinson's wife, Frances, 
aged 39, who conspired with 
him as stores supervisor, was 
given a 12-month sentence, 
suspended for two years. 

Geoffrey Variey, aged 61, of 
Leven Road, Yarm-on-Tees, 

was jailed for three years. As 
the power station manager, 
between 1977 and 1981, he 
took gifts of home extensions 
and equipment for his yacht. 

Ten contractors who gsve 
cash bribes or provided labour 
and equipment for Allan son, 
which the CEGB paid for 
were either fined or given jail 

sentences from 18 m0 " tl, A < £ 
three months, some of which 
cficnended. 


Ex-vicar’s 
jail death 
‘natural’ 

A coroner told juro rs ye s- 
terday it was not their duty to 
lodge a clergyman who was 
accused of 28 ind ece n cy of- 
fences against children when 
be died. 

The Rev Jan Kuos, aged 53, 
who resigned as vicar of St 
Michael's and All Angels 
Church in Hall died while on 
remand at Hull Prison on 
October 26. 

Mr Trevor Green, the 
Humberside coroner, told the 
restarted Hull inquest that the 
law presumed a man was 
innocent until proven guilty. 

Dr Somasandam Siva, a 
Home Office pathologist, said 
Mr Kuos was grossly over- 
weight and had two serious 
heart defects, both of which 
could have caused sudden 
deatit at any time. He said Mr 
Knos died of a heart attack. 

Dennis Johnson, a remand 
prisoner, shared a ceQ with Mr 
Knos and called for an officer 
when he became 3L He said 
Mr Knos died before the 
officer returned 20 minutes 
later. Mr Alan Hedy, a prison 
officer, admitted the doctor 
took 30 minutes to arrive. 

The coroner said if there 
had been any lack of care by 
the prison it did not have any 
bearing on Mr Knos’s death . 

The jury returned a verdict 
of natural causes. 


Doctor 

‘supplied 

addict’ 

A Hailey Street doctor 
continued to supply drugs to a 
jobless heroin addict in spite 
of pleas from the man’s wife to 
stop, a disciplinary hearing 
was told yesterday. 

Dr Ann Dally, a psychiatrist 
with a practice in Devonshire 
Place, Westminster, allegedly 
prescribed methadone, a her- 
oin substitute, although she 
knew the patient could not 
afford private treatment 

The addict described as Mr 
A, told the General Medical 
Council hearing that he paid 
£60 a week for methadone, 
while he received only £36 a 
week in social security. 

He did not tefl the doctor he 
had lost his job, but when he 
could no longer pay for his 
habit he began selling the 
drugs supplied by Dr Dally. 
Last year his wife told the 
doctor he was unemployed. 

Dr Dally, aged 60, is ac- 
cused of serious professional 
misconduct She denies abus- 
ing her position by prescribing 
drugs for cash and in one case 
without conducting proper 
examinations or monitoring a 
patient's progress. 

She also denies discharging 
a patient from her care with- 
out arranging on-going treat- 
ment 

The hearing continues. 


Video take-off for airlines 


By Harvey Elliott Air Correspondent 


i in micro 
joo enable 
to watch 
mmes or 
set into the 


Hirers are 
iping an 
em which 
i the big 
t one film 


t will be 
4in flat 
will be 
ordless 
op the 
induction 
tecbnol- 

ir use in 
mili tary 
a refined 


for ase in the next generation 
of airliners. 

Boeing is confident that the 
new equipment wifi be ready 
for installing in their new 150- 
seat aircraft, the 7J7, doe for 
delivery in 1992. The aircraft 
will be powered by a new 
“inside out” undneted fen 
engine and packed with the 
latest technology. 

Bet it is the in-flight 
entertainment system now 
under development which is 
expected to attract the interest 
of the world's airlines. 

Until now the problem of 
putting a video screen into the 
back of a seat has been that 
those available on fee open 
market were too small to 
enable passengers to see from 
a relaxed position and too 


bulky to fit easily into the seat 

By modifying new display 
pawls on tire pilot’s in- 
strument panel. Boring now 
believe they have achieved a 
big br eakthro ugh. 

Under plans now being 
finalized it is hoped that each 
passenger will be able to select 
up to six different channels on 
tire individual video, which 
conld show programmes 
beamed direct to tire aircraft 
by satellite. 

• The European Commission 
has dropped its threat to take 
legal action against British 
Caledonian for breaking tire 
Treaty of Rome competition 
rides. The commission says it 
accepts that the airline shares 
the view that there should be 
greater competition. 





- J- 


Composer will be on 
stage for boy’s debut 


House School, Rich- 
mond, Surrey, plays tire lead 
role in tire children's opera, 
Amohi and the Night Visitors, 
at Sadler’s Wells Theatre, 
supported by principal singers 
of the Royal Opera. 

Hie Italian-born American 
maestro is mnfiHpnt Hwi his 
young star will rise to the 


displayed by the lead singer of 
his new opera Goya which 
opened in Washington last 
month - Placido Domingo. 

Amahl is being presented 
along with the British pre- 
miere of another children's 
opera. The Boy Who Grew Too 
Fast, and the double bill is to 


By Gavin Bell 
Arts Correspondent 
In the unlikely event that 
James Rainbird forgets his 
lines in his first big operatic 
performance tonight, he will 
eqjoy the unusual advantage of 
having the distinguished com- 
poser of tire work, Gian Carlo 
Menotti, on stage with him. 
He and tire composer were 
hard at work rehearsing yes- 
terday, after a late unexpected 
announcement that Signor 
Menotti will be cm stage, in the 
gnise of an old musfeiaii, to 
calm first-night nerves. 

The boy, aged 11, a pupil at 


challenge, although perhaps 
not wife the same authority 


be broadcast by BBC Radio 3 
on Christmas Eve (Photo- 
graph: Harry Kerr). 


Surrogate 
mothers 
could face 
legal ban 

By Jill Sherman 

Mothers could be pros- 
ecuted if they bear children for 
other women under legislative 
proposals issued By the 
Government yesterday . 

The proposal came in a 
consultative document on 
fertility services and embryo 
research, putting forward a 
wide range of options tor both 
fertility services and embryo 
research. 

The document sets out 
recommendations of the 
Wamock Report on Human 
Fertilization and Embryology 
which included the setting up 
of a statutory licensing 
authority for infertility treat- 
ment. the outlawing of non- 
commercial surrogacy 
arrangements and proposals 
to allow research on embryos 
up ro 14 days old. 

The Government has stuck 
to its neutral stance on the 
Wamock proposals and said il 
will put forward alternative 
sets of draft clauses to deal 
with embryo research which 
will reflect both the Wamock 
recommendations and those 
proposed in Mr Enoch 
Powell's Unborn Children 
Protection Bill which called 
for all research to be prohib- 
ited except that intended to 
benefit the individual embryo. 

Last year amid public con- 
cern over commercial 
surrogacy resulting from the 
Baby Cotton case, the 
Government introduced leg- 
islation making it a criminal 
offence to set up a commercial 
surrogacy agency or to ad- 
vertise surrogacy services. 

The Warnock report 
orginaUy recommended that 
non-commerical surrogacy 
should be outlawed. The 
Government has now asked 
for comments on the principle 
of developing a non-commer- 
cial service, and on whether it 
should bea criminal offence to 
enter into a surrogacy arrange- 
ment on a non-profit basis. 


SbkSftcdw 

Family to 
share good 
fortune 

Two readers shared 
yesterday's Portfolio Gold 
prize of £4.000. 

Mrs Mary Zdaniecki, aged 
60, a housewife from Belmont 
in Surrey, has played the 
Portfolio Gold game since it 
started in The Times. 

“1 am quite pleased to have 
won. 1 like a gamble and I like 
a win,” she said. 

When asked bow she in- 
tended spending the prize 
money. Mrs Zdaniecki said: 
“III think about it." 

Mrs Marian Turner, aged 
48, from Pulborongfa in West 
Sussex, said she could not 
believe her lack. “I added the 
numbers up over and over 
again,” the former mathemat- 
ics teacher said. 

Mrs Turner said she would 
spend the winnings on Christ- 
mas presents for the family. 

Readers who wish to play 
the game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending a 
stamped addressed envelope 
to: 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times. 

PO Box 40, 

Blackburn, 

SB! 6AJ. 

s* YV *• ' \ t? *' * 

k . ' 

/JV . " ■ •? 



Mrs Mary Zdaniecki, . 
who likes a gamble 



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THF. TTMF.S THT fRSDAY DECEMBER 11 1986 


December 10 1986 


PARLIAMENT 


Tory misgivings 
on benefit limit 
for home owners 


Several Conservative MPs ex- 
pressed strong misgivings about 
a government proposal to limit 
- the amount of supplementary 
. benefit paid for mortgage in- 
terest during the first four 
months of unemployment, de- 
spite two concessions over the 
original proposal announced 18 
months ago- 

' Mr John Major. Minister for 
Social Security, announced that 
■ .the reduced benefit would apply 
only for the first four months o’f 
unemployment instead of the 
first six months, as originally 
proposed, and steps would be 
taken to avoid a mortgage 
interest trap. 

The first of the Conservative 
critics, Mr Richard Alexander, 
suggested that the Government 
was a little mean: Mr Robert 

6 Changes mainly 
affect snort-term 
claimants 9 

McCrindJe questioned whether 
it sat happily with the Conser- 
vative move towards a prop- 
erty-owning democracy ana Mr 
Keith Raffen said that they 
should accept such payments as' 
the result of encouraging more 
home ownership. 

Finally, Mr GwOym Jones 
saw it as a sword of Da modes 
over the family homes of on- 
employed people, and Mr Peter 
Bnrinvels said that it was a Mow 
to those who lost their jobs 
through no fault of their own. 
Tne Government had decided 1 
to proceed with the prindple of 
limiting supplementary benefit 
assistance for mortgage interest 
but to make significant mod- 
ifications to consultative pro- 
posals. Mr Major said m his 
slalemcnL 

His modifications would help 
some people to qualify for 
supplementary benefit pay- 
ments after 16 weeks who might 
otherwise not have been able to 
qualify at all. 

The reduction in expenditure 
would be about £23 million 
compared with £30 million 
under the original proposal. 

The draft regulations also 
included changes to tighten up 
the payment of benefit in cases 
where a home was also used for 
business purposes, where the 
mongage included a business 
loan or where a home was 
unreasonably expensive. 

The Social Security Advisory 
Committee had supported all 
these proposals and the Govern- 
ment intended to bring them 
into operation on January 26. 
1987. 

The changes would mainly 
affect short-term claimants and 
the main change would only 
affect new cases. The draft 
regulations reflected several im- 
portant safeguards and im- 
provements. No one over 60 
would be affected. 

“The SSAC have acknowl- 
edged in their report that the 
changes should not bring signifi- 
cant financial hardship to the 
majority of claimants affected. 
They were commenting in the 
context of the six-month restric- 
tion and not the 16 weeks now 
proposed. 

“The Government has struck 
a fair and reasonable balance 
between the borrower, the 
lender and the tax paver.“ 

Mr Michael Meacher, chief, 
Opposition spokesman on' 
Health and Social Security, said 
that the punitive and shameful 
proposal, despite its minor and 
entirely unpersuasive limitation 
to four months, would still push 
90,000 families deep into debt, 
leading to eviction and, no 
doubt, marital breakdown. 

The Government's message 
to the unemployed this Christ- 
mas would be that they would 
be kicked when they were down, 
losing not only their jobs but 
also their homes. 

Was it not symbolic of the 
double standards of this Gov- 
ernment that they were offering 
£35 a week to the Prime 
Minister to buy a hal fa-mill ion- 
pound home in Dulwich while 
at the same time threatening the 
unemployed, the sick and dis- 
abled on the poverty line with 
the loss of their homes? 

Was it not one law for the rich 
and another for the poor with a 
vengeance? Last year the 


MORTGAGES 


Government gave £370 million 
in mortgage interest tax relief to 
owner-occupiers on incomes 
over £30.000 a year. Yet now, 
the Government was insisting 
on going even to the length of 
causing homelessness in order 
to daw back just £23 million 
from those on the poverty line. 

A family on the dole of 
husband, wife and two children 
and a £15.000 mortgage would 
have to find out of supple- 
mentary benefit of £70 a week 
an extra £17. nearly a quarter of 
their weekly income. 

A couple with a baby and a 
£30.000 mortgage, like many of 
those in the South-east, would 
have to find an extra £32 a week 
which was equal to 57 per cent 
of their income on supple- 
mentary benefit. 

“This is bound to lead to a 
huge increase in mortgage ar- 
rears and repossession of homes 
by building societies.” That had 
already increased by 700 per 
cent since 1979 and was likely 
under this proposal to reach 
50.000 a year. 

There was nobody in the 
housing field who supported the 
proposal, neither the buflding 
societies, the finance houses, the 
local authorities, the National 
Consumer Council, the In- 
dependent Institute of Housing 
or even Conservative MPS who 
had the wit to see that it would 
cut across the right to buy. 

The proposal would lead to 
thousands of families in the new 
year without jobs, without 
homes and without hope. It 
should be immediately wi- 
thdrawn. 

Mr Major said that the 
Government's estimate of the 
number of families concerned 
would be 75.000. On eviction 
and repossession, the Building 
Societies Association had as- 
sured the Government that they 
proposed to act responsibly and 
sympathetically. 

On the losses concerned, the 
people who were unable to meet 
the second half of mortgage 
interest payments would have it 
aggregated to the capital debLi 
That would be wholly subject to 
mortgage relief at the end of the 
four-month period. 

Their consultations had been 
before reference to the SSAC. 
They had consulted widely be- 
fore reference. 

The Building Societies 
Association had assured the 
Government that they would 
act reasonably and sympatheti- 
cally. They and other major 
lenders had not foreclosed dur- 
ing the 12 -month miners' strike 
when mortgage interest was not 
being paid. 

Mr Richard Alexander (New- 
ark, Q: Are the Government 
not being a little bit mean over 


Mr Major: She speaks for many 
beyond this House in that. We 
are seeking to strike a fair 
balance between borrower, len- 
der and taxpayer. 

Mr Frank Field (Birkenhead. 
Lab): Will he give an undertak- 
ing that no family will be made 
homeless as a result of this? 

Mr Major: No minister in any 
government at any time would 
be so unwise as to give an 
assurance of that nature. 

Mr Nicholas Raynsferd (Ful- 
ham, Lab): This will make life 
worse for those in arrears. If he 
had wanted to make savings he 
might have restricted mortgage 
tax relief to those receiving it 
above standard rate. A saving of 
£320 million could be achieved 
by that without penalizing any- 
one on less than £ 20,000 a year; 
without penalizing the poorest 
and increasing homelessness. 

Mr Major: That illustrates the 
innate hostility of the Labour 
Party to mortgage interest relief 
This is a limited measure for 
limited time, with limited 
impact. 

Mr Robert McCrindle (Brent- 
wood and Ongar. Ck While we 
welcome the substantial mod- 
ifications he has announced, a 
number of us remain concerned 
that the effect of the measures 
will fall entirely on those buying 
properties and lave those rent- 
ing entirely unaffected. Many 
p roper ti es concerned will 
former council prop e rty. The 
Government successfully urged 
people to purchase them. Is be 
certain that the announcement 
sits happily with our movement 
towards a property-owning 
democracy? 

Mr Major: I understand his 
reservation, but those buying 
are aggregating a capital gain 
and there is a dear distinction 
between purchase and renting. 
Mr Dafydd WIgley (Caemarfoi . 
PI Cymru) said that in constit- 
uencies such as his, with 20 per 



i Life will be made 
worse for debtors 9 


re- 


6 This proposal is 
punitive and 
shameful 9 


this? At a time when we are 
spending untold millions when- 
ever the EEC asks for it and 
£2 billion on an airborne early 
warning system, which the RAF 
does not really want, need we do 
this to those whose cup of 
misfortune is already ov- 
erflowing. 

Mr Major It is not unreason- 
able to expect people acquiring a 
capital asset to meet a propor- 
tion of interest charges after a 
limited period. 

Mr Charles Kennedy (Ross, 
Cromarty and Skye. SDP): In so 
for as he has shown some 
comprehension of the anxiety of 
the committee, the partial 
dimbdown is welcome, but the 
statement is in stark contrast to 
the trumpeting of the Govern- 
ment wanting to create a prop- 
erty-owning democracy. Under 
the Tories they can have the 
right to buy. but not the right to 
keep. 

Mr Major said that the trend to 
more home ownership con- 
tinued- 

Dame JH1 Knight (Birmingham . 
Edgbasion, C): There are those 
outside who recognize the need 
to balance the needs of the 
individuaL of social security 
and of the taxpayer. 


cent unemployment, people 
could not afford to repay the 
mortgage and could not sell to 
buy ofithe mortga^. 

Mr Major: We have materially 
modified the original proposals 
and done everything we can to 
ensure that tone are no 
possessions or evictions. 

Mr David Wiraick (Walsall 
North. Lab): Families un- 
employed will be hard bit and 
penalized by this Tory new year 
present for the jobless. Was the 
Secretary of State (Mr Norman 
Fowler) too ashamed to come 
and make this announcement. 
Mr Major His charm is leg- 
endary in this House and he has 
about as much as does a puff 
adder. The remainder of his 
question is unworthy of an 
answer. 

Mr Keith Rafian (Delyn, Cy. 
This will increase anxiety 
among those out of work when 
they are most vulnerable, on 
first being unemployed. The 
Government has rightly and 
successfully encouraged home 
ownership and must accept one 
result in an increase of 
expenditure. 

Mr Majm: We have made 
substantial changes because of 
representations. 

Mr Robin Squire (Hornchurch, 
Q welcomed the reduction of 
the period and asked for an 
assurance that the Government 
would continue to review the 
proposal to see whether it was in 
line with their proposals to 
increase home ownership. 

Mr Major We shall keep this 
proposal, as all others, under 
constant review. 

Mr Gwilym Jones (Cardiff 
North, Q: This puts a sword of 
Damocles over the femily 
home. The real cost to the 
nation win be greater than any 
saving. 

Mr Major: I cannot agree. 

Mr Peter Bnrinvels (Leicester 
East. C): Having encouraged 
about a million people to buy 
their own homes, will he re- 
consider this blow to people 
losing their jobs through no fault 
of their own. 

Mr Major: Mr Bnrinvels is a 
constant surprise to the House. 
My decision is a result of 
reconsideration. 


Mr Geoffrey Pattie (above left): Aware of objectors 1 feelings. Mr John Major (bottom left): 
Changes will help some claimants. Mr Michael Meacher: Families win be deep in debt. 

Steel at top of the list 
for privatization 


Steel should be put at the top of 
the fist of Industries to be 
denationalized during the next 
Parliament, Mr Paul Chatman, 
Secretary of State for Trade and 
Industry, said during Commons 
questions. 

“I certainly hope we shall 
make substantial progress in 
denationalizing during the next 
Parliament", he told Mr Ian 
Gow (Eastbourne, C). who had 
asked if there were any in- 
dustries which be hoped would 
not be privatized by the end of 
that Phrfiament. 

Mr Chamxm said earlier that in 
the year be f o re tins Government 
came to office. 52 per cent of Ms 
department's total spending was 
used to support fts nationalized 
industries. In 1986-87 foe 
percentage was more like a 
tenth. 

Mr Poddy Ashdown (YeoriL L): 
Leaving aside whether the con- 
sumer benefits from the move, 
particularly in the case of Brit- 
ish Telecom, in the conversion 
from a public to a private 
monopoly, will Mr Chanson 
explain why he has he taken the 
money be has saved and squan- 


aad more effiripnt. Many 


STEEL INDUSTRY 


dered it on this year’s accounts 
instead of reinvesting it in 
Britain long t erm ? This is 
wasting nation! assets. 

Mr Channon: Am 1 accused of 
squandering? They usually ac- 
cuse me because they feel my 
department’s budget is not great 
enough. I do not know what they 
want. In the past seven years 
trade and in du st r y' s budget has 
been reduced as we hare been 
able to cut down on wasteful 
expenditure in nationalized in- 
dustries. The money has been 
better used in the economy. 

Mr Michael Forsyth (Stirling, 
o said that about £900 nriffioa 
must be available for the social 
services, for instance. This 
money woaid otherwise be 
squandered on ipefijoent in- 
dustries under Labour’s pre- 
scriptions. 

Mr Channon The sac- 

cess of privatization had turned 
most of the nationalized in- 
dustries round to be better run 


Liftr Mr Michael Brown (Bng 
and Cleethorpes.C) asked: Do 1 
understand fay n the mi ni s t er 's 
answer a few moments ago that 
proposals win be b ro ught before 
the Hosse after the next general 
election, if the Conservative 
Party mains the confidence of 
the people of this co unt r y, for 
die priv atization of tins stale 

mriim fr j? 

Mr Channo n.- Yes, I can give 
that assurance. 

Mr Ian Wrigglesworth (Stock- 
ton South, SDPk Management 

deserve oar congratulations on 
their success in recart tunes. 
Will it not impede farther 
progress to hare a great debate 
going on about ow n e r sh ip of the 
corporation? The most im- 
portant thing now is to wind 
down the whole Caramon Mar- 
ket strnctnre of quotas and 
subsidies so that the «wp Aw»rioii 
can compete for markets. 

Mr Channon: In general l agree. 
In particular I agree with what j 
he said in the first part of his 
question. 


Pattie 
promise 
of early 
BiU 

A Bill to amend the law on 

copyright will be introduced as 
soon 3 S the parliamentary time- 
table permits, Mr Geoffrey Pat- 
tie, Minister for Information 
Technology, said during Ques- 
tion time in the House ol 
Commons. Bui be resisted de- 
mands to art quickly and some 
MPs made clear that a tighten- 
ing of the law might be dis- 
advantageous to consumers. 

He said that he had received 
representations from MPs. in- 
dividual companies, industry- 
representative bodies and pri- 
vate individuals, urging the 
Government to introduce leg- 
islation on copyright during the 
present parliamentary session or 
inquiring when legislation could 
be expected. 

Mr Michael Meadow croft (Lee- 
ds West. L) said that the existing 
law was inadequate to deal with 
high technology. There was a 
need to protect intellectual 
property, but at present huge 
corporations could sue. for al- 
leged breach of copyright, small- 
er companies which were out of 
business before the court case 
was heard. 

Mr Pattie said that one of the 
White Paper proposals con- 
cerned the speeding of the 
process of patent law and the 
introduction of new procedures 
which would make it easier, and 
therefore less costly, for smaller 
firms to have access to patent 
procedure. 

Mr Robin Maxwell-Hyslop 
(Tiverton. Q said that the 
proposal with respect to intellec- 
tual property in broad-based 
engineering design would en- 
danger for more jobs in the 
component industries than it 
would ever safeguard in the 
initial manufacturing ones, and 
consumer interests were wholly 
opposed to any such legislation 
and therefore it must be against 
British interests. 

Mr Pattie said he was aware of 
the strength of feeling in 
representations . 

Mr Merlyn Rees (Leeds South 
and Moriey, Lab) said that he 
understood the reason for the 
delay, but many firms would be 
inhibited by it. Gould there be 
any indication of the length of 
the delay before any changes 
took place? 

Mr Fame said that the Govern- 
ment was Still discussing with 
industry what the relevant 
procedures would be. 

Mr Robert Key (Salisbury. Q 
said that the Government 
should make sure that it was 
hitting die right target because 
otherwise small companies 
might be brought down and the 
result could be greater import 
penentration. 

Mr Pattie said that this was 
precisely the sort of point the 
Government wanted to take 
into account. 



The Conservatives must 
change their tactics towards 
the Alliance if they are towzu a 
third election victory, accord- 
ing to Mr Leon Britton. It is a 
question that is likely to 
provoke a good deal of Conser- 
vative thought over the coming 
months because the party 
stands to suffer particularly 
from any revival in Social 
Democratic ami Liberal for- 
tunes. 

There has been a tendency 
to dismiss the Affiance as a 
negligible force after the de- 
fence fiasco at the liberal 
conference. But. damaging 
though that was. 1 suspect that 
the Alliance still has consid- 
erable potential to wreck 
Conservative hopes. Already 
some revival may be tinder 
way. 

The Harris survey con- 
ducted for TV -AM this week 
put its strength at 22 per cent. 
That is still four points behind 
the 26 per cent or votes that it 
won at the last general elec- 
tion, and well behind the 
figures of 30 per cent ami more 
that it was securing in the polls 
at the beginning of this year. 

But it is an improvement on 
the 17 per cent that was 
recorded in one poll after the 
Eastbourne conference, and 
the Alliance generally tends to 
do better in elections than such 
surveys suggest. 


Tactical voting 
still a factor 


Spending 
on roads 
praised 

Mr Paul Cbaunon, Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
said during Commons questions 
that in general he favoured 
private as well as public-sector 
spending ou die infrastructure. 
Mr David Alton (Liverpool 
Mossley Hill, L) bad asked if he 
would confirm that he was not 
of the opinion that private- 
sector investment in infrastruc- 
ture projects should be matched 
by a corresponding decrease in 
public f unding. 

Would it not be better, instead 
of offering that view, to ensure 
that projects such as the Mersey 
barrage, where private enter- 
prise had put up about 
£220 million, should be mat- 
ched in partnership with public 
funding. 

Mr Channon: In general I am in 
favour of private-sector as well 
as public-sector spending. 

The House will he aware of 
the enormous amount of expen- 
diture that has taken place on 
the infrastructure. 


Parliament today 

Commons (2.3 0Y. Northern Ire- 
land (Emergency Provisions) 
Bill, second reading. 

Lords (3): Family Law Reform 
Bill committee. 


Scottish rating system 


Rifkind defends changes 


The following is a summary of a 
Commons debate that appeared 
in later editions of this news- 
paper yesterday. 

The unpopularity of the domes- 
tic rates system in Scotland 
came about because of its 
unfairness, its unaccountability 
and tbe arbitrary way it applied, 
Mr Ma lc o lm Rifkind, Secretary 
of State for Scotland, said when 
moving the second reading of 
the Abolition of Domestic Rates 
Etc (Scotland) BilL 

In Scotland an estimated 
three quarters of a million 
adults, about 20 per cent of the 
adult population, because they 
were neither the owners nor 
tenants of residential property, 
were not liable for a system of 
local taxation. 

Tbe Secretary of State for the 
Environment (Mr Nicholas Rid- 
ley) and the Government as a 
whole were enthusiastic about a 
reformed system for England 
and Wales. 

Mr Robin Squire (Hornchurch. 
C): It is precisely because it is a 
proposal being trailed as a pilot 
for England and Wales that a 
number of us are most unhai 
and cannot find ourselves 
to support it. 

Mr Rifldod said that Mr Squire 
was misinformed. Mr Ridley 
had made dear that similar 
legislation would be proposed 


for England and Wales. That 
would not be dependent on the 
implementation of the Scottish 
proposals. By the time h came 
mto effect, the legislation for 
England and Wales would have 
been put to the House. 

A rebate system would apply, 
ensuring that those on the 
lowest incomes would not pay 
the full community charge. The 
argument used by the Opposi- 
tion that the Government pro- 
posals would mean everyone 
paying tbe same, was not only 
profoundly wrong, but entirely 
misleading. 

It would provide an im- 
portant safeguard for non- 
domestic ratepayers. No longer 
would they be subject to sudden, 
sharp increases in rate bills, 
something that had been damag- 
ing to business of all sizes in 
Scotland. The Bill had been 
widely welcomed by industry 
and commerce. 

It created a new system of 
community charges and the 
associated arrangements for 
registration and collection. 

The focal point was the 
personal community charge, the 
means by which the new system 
would provide tbe essential 
element of accountability be- 
cause the charge was to be 
payable by everyone aged 18 or 
over. 


“It is tbe Government's inten- 
tion that students should be 
liable for the community charge 
and that they should be reg- 
istered throughout their course 
of study at their term time 
address." 

Students eligible for grant 
would receive a fiat-rate in- 
crease to help them. 

Mr Donald Dewar, chief 
Opposition spokesman on Scot- 
land. said that wbat was being 
offered was a poll tax: an 
amount so much a skull across 
the board. It was brutally clear 
that the areas that would lose 
were the deprived housing 
schemes on tbe limits of cities, 
battered inner city areas a nd 
areas already disadvantaged. 

“The Bill is a charter for 
prosperous suburbia and the 
only end product will be a thin 
and ragged cheer from the 
beleaguered remnants of the 
Scottish Tory Party.” 

Mr Donald Stewart (Western 
Isles, SNP) said that the 
Government's remedy looked 
like bring worse than the dis- 
ease. 

Sir Hector Monro (Dumfries, C) 
said a local income tax would 
make only about 60 per cent of 
residents liable to payment. 

The Bill was read a second 
time by 258 votes to 204 — 
Government majority, 54. 


Winners and losers in MPs’ ballot 


‘Clean needles’ Bill to fight Aids is introduced 


By Martin Fletcher 
Political Reporter 

A private member’s Bill 
which seeks to combat Aids by 
enabling drag addicts to re- 
ceive needles and syringes 
legally was Introduced in the 
Commons yesterday. 

Mr Garin Strang, Labour 
MP for Edinburgh East, also 
seeks to enable couples 
expecting or Intending to have 
children to be screened for 
Aids, to make it illegal for 
employers to dismiss employ- 
ees with the virus, and to 
oblige health authorities to 
provide educational material 
on how to prevent the disease 
spreading. 

Mr Strang believes he has 
broad cross-party support for 
these measures, some of which 
have already been fore- 
shadowed in government sta- 
tements. As n amber seven of 
twenty private members* Bills 
formally introduced yesterday, 
it stands a reasonable chance 
of success. 

Six consecutive Fridays 
have been allocated from 
January 16 for the second 
readings of these Bil!s.Only 
tbe first or perhaps tbe second 
Bill debated on tbe allocated 
Fridays has any chance of 


becoming law unless it has the 
support of tbe Government 

Of the top six, three will 
almost certainly become law.. 
Mr Peter Bruinvds, Conser- 
vative MP for Leicester East, 
has all-party support for his 
Bin to make it an offence to 
sell crossbows to those unde r 
17. 

Mb’ Winston Churchill (Da- 
vyhulnte, Q is introducing a 
Government-backed BiU en- 
abling Servicemen to sue the 
Crown in personal injury 
cases. 

And Mr Gerry Neaie, 
C onserv ative MP for the agri- 
cultural amstitnency of North 




Training Board to diversify 
into training fanners and 
farmworkers in Hon-agri- 
cuJtural s kills a gainst the day 
when land has to be taken out 
of production to cut EEC 
snrplnsses. 

Mr David Winnick (Walsall 
North, Lab) is first in the 
ballot, but all he will get is 
publicity for his attempt to 
give pensioners free television 
licences. 

A BiU being introduced by 
Mr Archy Kirkwood (Rox- 


Mr Gavin Strang, who is 
seeking Anti-Aids measures. 

burgh and Berwickshire, Lib), 
designed to give iadiridaals 
access to persona! files oa 
themselves kept by various 
authorities, is unlikely to 
reach the statute book, but 
easily the most controversial 
of the top six is the BUI being 
introduced Ire Sir Edward 
Gardner, QC (Fylde, O- 
Sir Edward wants the Euro- 
pean Convention on Homan 
Rights to be incorporated into 
British law. The Lord Chan- 
cellor and the Attorney Gen- 
eral support the move. Mrs 


Thatcher is said to be un- 
convinced. Other Cabinet min- 
isters oppose H, principally 
because It would mean British 

judges threatening the sup- 
remacy of Par liament 

Below tbe first six a few 
appear to be arfficientiy sen- 
sible and nncontroversial that 
they stand a fair chance of 
reaching the statu t e book 
unopposed. 

Mr Michael Martin (Glas- 
gow, Springbarn, Lab) is 
proposing a B3I enabling the 
Scottish land register to be 
recorded on computer, micro- 
fiche, or something other than 
paper as the present taw 
stipulates, and Mr Robert 
Ad ley (Christchurch, C) wants 
excessively noisy motor cycle 
extra nst systems banned. Mr 
Robert Jones (West Hertford- 
shire, Q is seeking to extend 
tree preservation orders to 
hedgerows. 

Two other Bills have broad 
Government sapport, but may 
still falL 

Mr Doagtas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, has indicated 
his desire to relax the licens- 
ing taws, and Mr Allan Stew- 
art (Eastwood, C) is in- 
troducing a Bill giving 
licensees the discretion to 


open for up to 12 boors a day 
from 1030am subject to the 
agreement of local mag- 
istrates. However, individual 
Labour and Conservative MPs 
may combine to Mode it 
Mr Gerald Howart h (Caa- 
noefc and Bnrntwood, Q has 
adopted another canse fa- 
voured by Mr Hurd, which is 
to tighten tiie obscenity law 
and bring television within the 
scope of the Obscene Publica- 
tions Act Mr Howarth was 
eleventh in the ballot His KH 
is too contentions to go 
through mi the nod, so its best 
chance is few the Government 
to allow it to be debated in 
Government time. 

Mr Alistair Burt (Bury 
North, C) has chosen to 
reopen the emotive issue of 
embryo research which causes 
deep cross-party dirisioas. Mr 
Enoch Powell last year in- 
troduced a similar B3I to bon 
embryo research which foU 
through its opponents' Mock- 
ing tactics, but not before it 
had received a targe majority 
on second reading. 

Mr Bart's BiU, at number 
14, stands no chance of suc- 
cess, but he believes it wiS 
keep die issue in the limelight 
and force the Government to 


enlaige on foe legislation 
has promised to introduce in 
tbe next Parliament on the 
Warwick report. 

Of tbe remaining Bills, Mr 
Donald Anderson (Swansea 
East, Labour) is seeking to 
modify laws relating to bosses 
in multiple occupation, Mr 
Tony Lloyd (Stratford, Lab) 
wants to imp rov e nutritional 
requirements for school meals, 

and Mr Terry Lewis (Worriey, 
Lab), wishes to improve public 
yrresy to and tbe 

records of Community Health 
Councils. 

Mr John Fraser (Norwood, 
Lab) is seeking to give foe 
police Complaints Authority 
the power to publish reports in 
die public interest, while Mr 
Willie Hamilton (Central Fife, 
Lab), who is to stand as 

Labour candidate in the Devon 
seat of South Hams at the next 
election, wants to establish a 
South West of E ng land 
Development Agency. . 

Finally, Mr Mark Carlisle 
(Warrington Sooth. C) win try 
to give coarts tbe power to 
suspend youth custody sen- 
tences, and Mr Alias Roberts 
(Bottle. Lab) wants to open 
school governors' meetings to 
tiie press and public. 


Wapping 
police 
cost £4m 

The cost of policing the 
News International plant at 
Wapping, east London, was 
estimated to total £4.73 mil- 
lion by the end of October, it 
was disclosed yesterday . 

Lord Caithness, a Home 
Office minister, also said that 
712 police officers were on 
doty last weekend outside the 
plant. The dispute started 
nearly a year ago after 5,500 
printing workers went on 
strike, and were later dis- 
missed. 

His announcement sparked 
off a dispute in the House of [ 
Lords over who should pay I 
tbe police costs. 

Lord Mellish, an east 
London Labour MP for 36 
years, said that tbe dispute left 
local police stations with as 
few as six officers at weekends 
to cope with “proper crime”. 

. “Why should this come out 
of the police rate? Why should 
not the people responsible for 
tbe dispute pay for it? Why 
should not people like Mur- 
doch and company, who cre- 
ated the trouble, pay for it?” 

. Lord Masseteene and Fer- 
xard said the unions were lb 
blame for starting the dispute, 
not Mr Murdoch. 


That is partly because the 
too Davids are such capable 
television performers that they 
benefit particularly from the 
extra exposure during a cam- 
paign, partly because a good 
many people decide to vote 
Alliance at tbe last minute 
because they do not tike the 
other two parties and some- 
times because of tactical vot- 
ing as well. 

This last may be more of a 
factor than at previous general 
elections because more people 
have been conditioned by by- 
elections to consider voting 
tactically. 

Few people think of the 
Alliance, however, as a poten- 
tial government That is both 
its weakness and its strength. 
It still has to counter tbe taunt 
of tbe wasted vote. That is 
why its leaders have tried so 
hard to raise public interest in 
a hung Parliament 
What is tiie point of 
scrutinizing its policies in 
detail, as MrBrittan suggests? 
Nobody believes that it will 
have tbe opportunfty of 
putting all these policies into 
practice. That is not wiry 
people vote for it now. They 
may be looking for a 
moderating influence. Or per- 
haps they want to protest, or 
they cannot think who else to 
vote for. 

It pots forward a whole 
range of policies because that 
is what the other parties do. If 
it failed to do likewise it. would 
be confessing before foe battle 
had begun that it was not a 
serious challenger for power. 
That would damage its c ta i n* 
to be a substantial political 
force. 

But policy commitments 
have a different reality for the 
Alliance than for either the 
Conservatives or Labour. For 
both the main parties they are 
promises of what they would 
actually do in office. For the 
Alliance they are either politi- 
cal _ gestures or bargaining 
positions in the event (da hung 
Parliament. 

I do not use either term 
disparagingly, ft is le gitim ate 
fo r all parties to mufa* political 
gestures. They are an indica- 
tion of a party's inclinations, 
of how ft will seek to use any 
influen ce ft may have in the 
future. 

It is positively desirable that 
“ Alliance should give at 


the 


least some indication of slut 

Sticking points 
must be known 

its sticking points would be if 
it did find itself bolding the 
balance of power and negotiat- 
ing with another party. 

To examine all the details of 
Allianc e policy io the s*™* 
way as with foe other parties 
would not only be playing it at 
its own game. It would also be 
misleading. That would not be 
tbe best way to determine the 
effect of voting Alliance. 

Iii three-party politics that 
<P*esfaon has to be put in a 
doable sense. Wbat would be 
the consequence of a bung 
Parliament? And bow might 
og Alliance mflupiiw the 
overall result even if it did not 
hold the balance of power? 

These questions are in fact 
more relevant Hum the latest 
Alliance thinking on pensions 
or foe rates. Tbe difficulty for 
the Conservatives is bow to put 
them without seeming to in- 
dulge in scare tactics. 


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Judge urges amnesty 
in minor cases to ease 
criminal court backlog 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

An amnesty (far prisoners only formalize existing interest in accelerating trials in 
SJi 1 * ™ for minor of- practices. more important cases” 

propose d ^ a High He explained that only a He also recommended the 
: )^;i“« ,u ^y® sle F“yasaway fraction of offenders were adoption of ihe Scottish crim- 
01 rasmg the backlog °f cases caught and convicted and a inal “110 day rule" under 
in me criminal courts. significant number of offend- which cases must be brought 

Lord McCJuskey, giving his 615 m not brought to trial to trial within that period or 
sixth and last Reith Lecture on for a number of reasons, the accused goes free. 

• BBC Radio 4, also recoin- including admininstrative on the civil front Lord 


mended slaughtering “a few one s- 
1 sacred cows” to cut civil The problems of 


On the civil front Lord 
McChiskey called for a num- 
ber of other measures to cut 
the backlog of trials. Failure to 


delays, such as ending the which offences wbuld qualify the backlog of trials. Failure to 
• traditional “formalized f° r amnesty were formidable j£ducg delays amt speed up 
rituaPof confrontation be- b® 1,01 insuperable. Lord* t rial* arose from the reluc- 
’ tween the two sides in civil McGuskey said. tance to depart from the 

proceedings. A, starting point was the notion of disposing of cases 

Instead the courts should ^tween through the "set-piece 

provide more of a “social w *“ ch w ” ie wicked m them- Jjattie"m public. 

•service.”, with thejudge taking Inthis,ihecomesiante“bat- 

an active role in informaUy ES a^tuto^re* tied for the judge’s decision in 
helping citizens resolve their a statutory ** a highly-formalized ritual in 

disputes and sort out the ,? _ 1 ^, which the judge's role is 

issues really needing the ammJtiLlOTlv thccoinuar- essentially passive, a ritual in 
^U^t^T aal ^ —hidl he is the on e-man jury”. 



mT™ ““* ■ . . could" save much police and , There was no opportunity 

. one can be satisfied court *«««» and could rmndA»r for the impartial judge to 
with the administration of redistributing slightly more co®« early to the case and 
J u sbceas it is in 1986” he serious cases to the lower informally assist the parties to 
said. “The delays, costs and courts, whose docket had been identify the issues; nor to 
complexities are notorious.” relieved by the amnesty" apply firm pressures on them 


impiexines are notorious. t 

The judge, who was Soiic- He said such action could to clear the pound and move 

itor General for Scotland in relieve the backlog of “those to a speedy resolution of 

the last Labour government, cases in which society’s in- masttecs that have to go to 

said the idea of not prosecute terest in securing conviction is ‘ orma i trial 

ing in some cases may be sufficiently slight to be traded He said formality caused 
startling, but he said it would off against promoting society’s delay and expense. 


He said such action could to clear the 


e issues; nor to 
pressures on them 




Lodun Poonwassifc, a Trinida- 
dian Father Christmas, proving 
himself genuine yesterday when 
Michelle Foster, meed nine (left) 
and Charlotte Worth, aged 
eight, from St dement Danes 
School, Drury Lane, polled his 
beard at the Caribbean Christ- 
inas festival at the Common- 
wealth Institute In Kensington, 
west London. Hundreds of 
school children from all over 
London sang carols and folk 
songs from the Caribbean ac- 
companied by a steel band 
(Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 


Registration check on data users 


By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

Data protection chiefs have “I shall be writing to organize- computi 
started cracking down on data tions we are unable to trace on Asur 
users who have not registered, the register. computi 

Failure to register could lead “The object is to sweep up out in 
to unlimited fines. as many as possible of the Office 1 

The first to be checked malingerers before November showed 
include health and local 1 1 next year when individuals organia 
authorities. will be able to exercise their more lb 

Mr Eric Howe, Data Protec- right to see personal data centwei 
lion Registrar, said yesterday: about themselves held on the neec 


computer. 

A survey of more than 2,000 
computer users was carried 
out in April tty the Central 
Office of Information. That 
showed that, of the larger 
organizations employing 
more than 250 people, 94 per 
cent were aware of the Act and 
the need to register.. 


Victory for 
Britain on 
satellite 
TV future 

By Jonathan Miller 
Media Correspondent 

Ministers responsible for 
broadcasting in 22 European 
countries yesterday adopted a 
new framework to regulate the 
development of television 
trans missi ons across inter- 
national frontiers. 

The decision appeared to 
deal a fetal blow to efforts by 
the 12-nation EEC to take for 
itself the power to regulate 
transfrontier broadcasting. 

Ministers, meeting in Vi- 
enna, agreed that the Council 
of Europe, with its broad 
membership and commit- 
ment to h uman rights and 
European cultural values was 
the most appropriate forum 
for creating the rules to govern 
the age of satellite television. 

The decision was an im- 
portant victory for the Home 

Office, which has strongly 
opposed EEC efforts to regu- 
•late the development of 
transfrontier broadcasting. 

The Council decision is 
intended to impose a light- 
handed regulatoiy touch on 
international programme ex- 
changes. The regulations will 
require programmes to con- 
form to standards of taste and 
decency. 

But unlike the regulations 
proposed by the EEC, there 
would be no quota system 
requiring a minimum content 
of made-in-Europe pro- 
grammes. 


Debt service will 
start next month 


By Michael Dynes 


A nationwide scheme de- 
signed to help thousands of 
families struggling with mort- 
gage and credit arrears is to be 
launched in the new year. 

Specialist debt advisers at 
the Birmingham Settlement 
Money Advice Centre have 
been planing for months to 
introduce the new service, 
which was in jeopardy because 
of a shortage of cash. 

The Department of the 
Environment put up £24,000 
towards the cost of the scheme 
in September, contingent on 
Birmingham Settlement’s 
ability to find another £14,000 
from the private sector. 

As a result of an appeal for 
support published as part of 
The Times Homefitmt cam- 
paign on October 1, the Reg- 
istry Trust, a non profit- 
making company which in the 
public interest operates the 
Registry of County Court 
Judgements, decided to put up 
the money. 

Mr Malcolm Huriston, the 
trust’s chairman, said: “We 
have been concerned about 
the growing number of credit 
casualties, and decided to 
offer our support after reading 
about the housing debtiine 
project in The Times. 


“Credit is like the motor 
car. It brings great benefits, 
but there can also be casual- 
ties. The purpose of die hous- 
ing debtiine, which we fully 
back, is to discover how best 
to help those casualties." 

Mr Peter Houghton, direc- 
tor of the Birmingham centre 
said: “We are delighted that 
the Registry Trust has stepped 
in to fn) the funding gap. 

The housing debtiine will 
offer advice to people 
throughout England and 
Wales who are feeing eviction 
as a result of mortgage, rates 
or credit arrears. Its objective 
is to assist debtors meet their 
financial commitments by 
helping them to work out titeir 
own financial position, nego- 
tiate realistic repayment 
schedules with creditors and 
thereby avoid unnecessary 
evictions. 

Although the bousing 
debtiine is only a pilot 
scheme, lasting for one year, 
private and public sector bod- 
ies will be monitoring its 
performance very dosely to 
establish the extent of con- 
sumer demand for its services, 
and whether there is a need to 
establish a more permanent 
arrangement 



Fishermen angry over 
disused oil pipelines 

By John Young, Agjricnltiiiw Correspondent 


The Government’s decision 
not to insist on the total 
removal of North Sea oil 
platforms and pipelines once 
they are no longer needed has 
been attacked by the fishing 
industry as an “outrage". 

A statement issued jointly 
by the National Federation of 
Fishermen’s Organizations 
and the Scottish Fishermen’s 
Federation says that on moral 
and legal grounds the Govern- 
ment is in breach of its 
commitments to the industry. 

It says that fishermen are' 
being left with spoilt fishing 
grounds and safety hazar ds in 
foe form of partially removed 
installations. 


The two organizations say 
that Britain is still legally , 
bound by foe 1958 Geneva 
Convention on foe conti- 
nental shelf, which specifically 
requires the complete removal 
of disused offshore 
installations. 

Although the 1982 Conven- 
tion on the Law of the Sea 
envisages the possibility of 
partial removal it is not yet in 
force, and foe UK has not 
signed it. 

Oil industry officials regard 
the fishermen's cla im s as 
exaggerated and say there has 
been no evidence of damage to 
fishing grounds. 





v . r ~ - i’+i 3 --V 




-■%* , 




Letter post to EEC countries now 
costs the seme as first class post in 
the UK. ■ . .Makes it easier to greet 
trends and relatives in Europe this 
Christmas and New Year! 


l^A^g]“This is going to be a difficult 
s — — choice, the new Renault 9 has 
a range of six models.” 


“The handling on this new 
Renault must be really good — it has 
independent front and near suspension. 
Not all the competition can say that.” 

“The Turbo version has 115 bhp 
and does 0—62 mph in 8.5 seconds, 
that'll take some beating” 

“Think of the time and trouble I’ll 


save with major servicing needed only 
every 30,000 miles.” 

“Looks like those powerful, single 
bearn quartz hatogen headlights to me.” 

“At 56 mph they say the new 
Renault 9 GTL does 55.4*mpg.” 

“That's nothing, at that speed 
the diesel version gives you 64.2Tnpg” 

“ Adjustable head restraints, 
carpeted boot, sound system, you 
name it, rt’s in the new Renault 9.” 


“Talk about trim, in this spanking 
new 1987 model they've used new 
materials, new colours and even the 
safety belts match.” 

“I’ve looked inside. I’ve looked 
underneath and I’ve looked at the 
finish. And I’ve only got one question 
to ask — where can I test drive one?^ 

‘•The overall styling is - 

incredibly dynamic and these ,.keW*ikl 
new bumpers with integral 
spoilers just about wrap it up” [ '■■'.•■Sf 


wrrHE and cards (up 10 20g ) lor IBp to these countries- 
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HOME NEWS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 1 1 1986 

LABOUR DEFENCE POLICY 


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The following is an edited 
version of the Labour 
Party defence policy siate- 
went by Mr .Weil Kinnock. 
Leader of the Opposition. 

Introduction 
When the next Labour 
govern mem comes to power, 
we know that we wiil inherit a 
formidable range of problems 
from the wasted years of 
Thatcherism. Four million 
unemployed, our industrial 
base decimated by the destruc- 
tive fantasies of monetarism, 
young people without hope, 
the elderly without basic 
necessities. It will be a long 
haul putting the country back 
on its feet again. 

In addition to all this, the 
next Labour government will 
also need to address quite 
fundamental problems in 
Britain's defence policies and 
capability. 

The truth is that Mrs 
Thatcher — who relishes the 
title Iron Lady — is following 
policies which diminish 
Britain's defences and. since 
our national defence posture 
is and must be inextricably 
linked with NATO, the 
credibility of allied defence is 
reduced too. 

in our own national de- 
fences. the present govern- 
ment is presiding over a 
serious decline in the strength 
of all our armed forces. Had 
the invasion of the Falklands 
by the Argentine junta come 
even six months later than it 
did. it is doubtful that we 1 
could have regained the ; 
islands. ' 1 

And NATO's strategy' is ■ 
also being called into ques- 1 
lion. As long as the Soviet 1 
Union poses a potential mili- 1 
tary threat to Western Europe. • 
we need a strong NATO. But 1 
i ts reliance on the threat to use * 
American nuclear weapons in 1 
response to a conventional 1 
attack can no longer be sus- 5 
tamed. We know, in the light *■ 
of Chernobyl and research l 
into “nuclear winter”, how the ' 
use of nuclear weapons could 1 
destroy populations and mili- a 
tary forces on all sides. What I] 
enemy will believe that the c 
Americans will commit sui- e 


collective security based on 
NATO which has contributed 
to keeping the peace in Europe 
lor a generation. 

Britain's own defences now 
have to be reconstructed. And 
NATO has to acquire a new 
strategy and a new vision that 
will ensure that it is effective 
in the world of the 1 990s and 
beyond. 


i Thatcher 
legacy 

Our defences 
weakened 

It is a bitter paradox of 
Britain in the 1980s that the 
party which claims to be for 
strong defence will hand over 
to use a country’ whose de- 
fences will have been critically 
weakened. 

The government has al- 
ready announced that over the 
three years 1985/86 to 1988/9 
defence spending will be cut 
by six per cent in real terms. 
Over the same period spend- 
ing on new non-nuclear equip- 
ment will be cut by around 30 
per cent. What does this mean 
in practice? 

For the Royal Navy, it 
means fewer frigates and 
destroyers — a loss of three, 
possibly more over the next 
decade. Because the govern- 
ment cannot afford to replace 
enough of them, the average 
life of key ships in the fleet will 
be stretched from 18 to 22 
years. Following a long delay, 
the government is considering 
the conversion of merchant 
container vessels rather than 
build specialist assault vessels 
to replace the ageing Intrepid 
and Fearless. Because of the 
run-down of assault vessels 
the Royal Navy now has no 
ship dedicated to carrying 
large numbers of Royal Ma- 
rines and their helicopters. 
There have been big cuts in 
the number of support and 
auxiliary vessels. There is 
likely to be a reduction of 
conventionally-armed diesel- 
eiectric submarines from 13 to 


cide to punish an invader of eight. With the rapid run 
Western Europe in these « own °f the merchant fleet. 


circumstances? 

NATO was formed 40 years 
ago when Britain had a La- 
bour government Ar.d it was 
a Laoour foreign secretary, 
Ernest Bevin, whose energy 
and drive were instrumental 
in creating the system of 


there could be virtually no 
merchant ships left under the 
British flag by 1995 or even 
sooner. 

For the Royal Air Force, the 
cutbacks mean that the 
development contract for the 
European Fighter Aircraft has 


n still not been signed, and so 
d the plans to purchase 250 of 
e this aircraft have not been 
confirmed- An order for the 
v new Staff Target 404 troop- 
d carrying helicopter has been 
v delayed and the decision on 
t purchasing the second order of 
e the Harrier GR5 has been 
1 postponed. To ease the budget 
crisis. Tornado sales to Saudi 
Arabia have been put before 
supply to the RAF. 

For the Army, substantial 
cuts in equipment and train- 
ing programmes have been 
revealed. According to a docu- 
ment prepared for the Army 
General Staff these cuts will 
"result in a smaller, less well- 
equipped and less well-trained 
army,” hitting the BAOR 
forces particularly hard. The 
Army is set to lose a termi- 
nally guided anti-tank rocket, 
a scatterable mine rockcL a 
battlefield electronic warfare 
system as well as improve- 
ments to existing tanks and. 
possibly, a new tank. 

The paradox of the Tories 
becoming the disarmers by 
stealth arises though, not be- 
cause Mrs Thatcher does not 
want to defend Britain but 
because her ambitions for 
defence policy far exceed any- 
thing which Britain under its 
present economic manage- 
ment can afford.Mrs Thatcher 
has a nuclear fixation. Her 
delusions of grandeur directly 
threaten the defence policy for 
Britain that is possible, and is 
vitally needed. 

• Quite rightly, we are ‘ 
committed to the air and sea 
defence of our own island. 

• Rightly too. we are commit- ! 

ling troops and airpower to - 

the central front in Europe. ‘ 

• Beyond that we are respon- [ 
sible for the naval protection 1 
of the Atlantic Sea lanes. 

• We have retained a general 

responsibility for military ac- A 
lion outside the NATO area, 
most notably in relation to the c 
Falkland Islands. > 

• But we are also, as about the i 

20th richest economy in the i 
world, (in terms of national 0 
income per head), trying to i 
remain one of the five nuclear v 
weapon nations of the world. n 
By buying Trident we are « 
about to increase the number A 
of targets we could hit with a 
nuclear weapons by up to 14 p 

times, at a cost of at least ten sj 
thousand million pounds. w 

Defence experts, including Vl 
ministers who have passed Jj, 
through Mrs Thatcher’s cabi- 
net, recognize that this is an 
impossibly broad defence di 







commitment. Indeed it is 
obvious that, if there were to 
be another Tory government, 
there would have to be an 
immediate defence review and 
substantial cuts in our armed 
forces just to pay for Trident 

NATO trader 
pressure 

Mrs Thatcher is not only 
running down our own na- 
tional defences. Britain is the 
major European contributor 
to NATO. But the Conser- 
vative government has also 
failed to address itself to the 
mounting strains within the 
Alliance. 

The problems of NATO are 
not entirely of Mrs Thatcher’s 
making: its roots are 
deepseated. But Mrs 
Thatcher's policy shows a 
perverse refusal to recognise 
them and respond effectively. 

The widening 
Atlantic split 

It is now widely acknowl- 
edged on both sides of the 
Atlantic that the perspectives 
of Western Europe and the 
United States have changed 
during the last 20 years. The 
United States is a global power 
with global interests. Its eco- 
nomic and political interests 
lie in Ihte Pacific and Latin 
America as well os in Europe 
and the Atlantic. Western 
Europe, on the other hand, 
shed its far-flung interests 
with its empires. We are 
primarily concerned with the \ 
defence of Europe. 


and policy disagreements, 
particularly in recent years. 
Many Europeans have sought 
to articulate a constructive 
response to this situation. Mrs 
Thatcher, evidently blind to iL 
has simply sided slavishly 
with the .Americans even if 
this has meant isolation from 
the rest of Europe. 

The threat to NATO 
credibility 

Unchecked, this trend is 
fraught with danger. For as the 
Americans have become 
increasingly impatient with 
Europe, any potential aggres- 
sor cannot but wonder — 
wrongly' in our view - 
whether the American guar- 
antee to Europe still holds 
good. 

The decision to rely on an 
American threat to use 
nuclear weapons to stop an 
invasion of Western Europe 
was originally taken when 
conventional forces in Europe 
were very weak and when the 
United States had a substan- 
tial nuclear superiority over 
tbe Soviet Union. To threaten 
the Soviet Union with nuclear 
annihilation was ‘easy’, or, at 
least, a feasible option since 1 
the Soviet Union could not J 
retaliate in land against ■ 
American cities. 1 

But the question of whether 
the Americans would risk | 
Washington for London or 
Chicago for Hamburg has j 
been raised ever since the 
Russians, in tbe late 1950s, 
acquired the capacity to * 
launch a nuclear strike at the : 


Our Falkland commitment 
must be included in this 
restructuring. When Argen- 
tina invaded the Falkland 
Islands it was right that 
Britain took the Islands back; 
and Labour supported the 
govern men:. 

Gur armed forces rescued 
the Falkfar.der^ from a fascist 
tyranny, and we must con- 
tinue to protect their interests. 
But Mrs Thatcher's policy of 
'Fortress Falklands’ now costs 
£1 million a year for every 
island family. That is a quite 
unacceptable and unnecessary 
price to pay to sustain a 
complete refusal even to talk 
with a democratically-elected 
.Argentine government which 
has jailed its former fascist 
leaders. 


r eflective. Sumer control over 

arms manufacturers and ns Jnr 
"open government*' by grecrer 
parliamentary scrutiny of 
procurement will help io re- 
duce costs and allow purchase 
i • •— of a larger number of ixs 

expensive weapons. 

Wc must also now reverse 
ifo? current trend towards :he 
procurement of unnecessarilv 
^ sophisticated and extremely 
~ " expensive weaponry. 

Try ing to make one weapon 
to do’ everything perfectly, has 
al! too often meant it does 
nothing very well and at 
c\hutt>1iani cost. 

Reforming military 

For too long, our reliance on 
nuclear weapons has led 
NATO to neglect vital consid- 
eration of military strategy . a 
strategy which would depend 
on the firing of nuclear weap- 
ons once the front line is 
- breached, is not tenable. As a 

I — -v. first siep — and one that 

— f — ■ al ready has wide support - all 

- ■ n uclcar and chemical weapons 

and their delivery systems 
should be withdrawn from a 
. corridor 1 50 kilometres deep 

on both sides of the dividing 
Lrv Jine as already proposed in the 
WiTjjkSc. agreement between the West 
German Social Democrats 
and the ruling party in East 
Germany will play a vital role Germany. 


in this. 

And. tar from incensing the 
.Americans, at the bean of our 
policy is just what they so 
often call for that Europe 
should play a greater pan in its 
own defence. 


We would seek to limit this 
drain cn cur scarce defence 
resources by negotiating a 
secure and fair settlement of 
the Falkiands dispute which 
would take full account of the 
interests of the islanders. 


Working with 
our Allies 

Everything we do will in- 
volve consultation with our 
allies. .Already discussions are 
underway with colleagues in 
Europe, la November, we 
agreed a joint policy with the 
West German Social Demo- 
cratic Plarty. We are both 
committed io working to- 
gether within Nato for a 
reduction and ultimate 
elimination of nuclear weap- 
ons in East and West. Both 
parties favour a change in 
Nato strategy’ to no first use of 
nuclear weapons and the need 
to restructure and strengthen 
Naio's conventional forces. 
The presence of the British 
Army of the Rhine and RAF 


The most important step a 
Labour government will take 
towards restructuring our de- 
fences win be to cancel the 
appallingly expensive Trident 
programme. 

Stronger Navy, Air 
Force and Army 


This divergence has pro- 
duced conflicting judgements 




mm 

m, 


United States. Throughout re- 
peated revisions of NATO 
doctrine, that ultimate ques- 
tion has never gone away. 

Nuclear Winter 

To diminish further the 
credibility of NATO’s nuclear 
strategy, new scientific ev- 
idence has emerged that paints 
a fearful picture of the con- 
sequences of the use of nuclear 
weapons. 

Any significant nuclear ex- 
change would produce a 
’nuclear winter’ in the north- 
ern hemisphere; Hundreds of 
millions of people would die 


So we will cancel Trident, 
and we will decommission the 
ageing Polaris. In doing so we 
will not only release money 
which we will devote to 
strengthening our con- 
ventional defences, but we 
will also remove the im- 
balances and distortion that 
Trident causes within our 
aimed forces. We will, for 
example, be able to restore the 
commitment to a 50 warship 
Navy; we win build the Euro- 
pean Fighter Aircraft; and we 


Enhancing 

conventional 

capability 

It is axiomatic that if an 
enemy is to be deterred from 
attack, it has to be faced with 
the prospect of defeat. To do 
so under our strategy requires 
land, naval and air forces that 
could inflict that defeat 

There is much discussion of 
the adequacy of Nato’s con- 
ventional forces on the central 
European front 

We, however, accept tbe 
view that Nato’s conventional 
capability will need to be 
enhanced. 

Britain will contribute to- 
wards that enhancement by 
committing the sums saved on 
Trident towards additional 
conventional strength. The 
consequence of not taking this 
course and of depriving our 


tram irjguua .-urcraiq ana we UUI 

will restore the standards of conventional forces in order 
equipment and training of the t0 Purchase and maintain a 

British Army in German v as £ew nuclear, weapon system - 
part of the strengthening of , lndem - « to significantly 
conventional defences along Jower the nuclear threshold, 
the central front because such . a policy in- 


from famine and the collapse # 

of life-supporting conditions. 1VI Off ^1*11171 II <7 
In the sure knowledge of what 
it would do to ourselves, and A F|| 
our country for generations, is ^ * *“■ 
it reasonable to believe any Nato's nuclear strategy 
longer that either we, or the mu5t he changed. Reforming 
Americans, would launch the fhat straicgy and re-establish- 
nuclear weapons to halt a in S its effectiveness, requires 
Soviet invasion of Europe? that two conditions be met 

Neither is sufficient on its 
own. 


Nuclear escalation 

Yet, despite the undermin- 
ing of NATO’s nuclear 
credibility, the nuclear arms 
race — and draining of defence 
budgets - has not slowed. 
Nuclear weapons are now 
being developed and refined 
even further, for fi ghting and 
winning a ‘limited’ nuclear 
war in Europe. This mates it 
an absolute pre-condition of 
‘victory’ for each side to plan 
to carry out a first-strike attack 




1 Over 1 ,000,000 photographers 
already have! 


against the enemies’ fixed and ^wivshepn 

land-tesed missifes. ways been central to Nato 


• The reliance on nuclear 
weapons must be brought to 
an end. 

• Nato’s conventional 
strength must be enhanced. 

Ending reliance 
on nuclear weapons 

The ‘first use’ of nuclear 
weapons in any conflict has 


lower the nuclear threshold, 
because such a policy in- 
creases dependence on nuclear 
weapons. 

Rationalizing 
procurement policies 

We are committed to im- 
plementing more effective 
procurement policies within 
the Alliance. For our national 
purposes we naturally insist 
that the overwhelming major- 
ity of Britain's defence equip- 
ment is purchased from 
British companies. 

But collaborative projects 
with other European NATO i 
countries will be encouraged j 
where this would be cost i 


Concurrently, we must iead 
the move within NATO to- 
z wards greater defence in 

a de £ th - 

e There are three main fields 
s for action to make better 
defensive use of NATO's 
armed forces - reserves, bar- 
riers and equipment. The 
most important would be to 
make better use cf NATO's 
_ existing reserves of trained 
r manpower. Second. . man- 
» made barriers and obstacles 
i have been reliably estimated 
, to be capable of greatly 
; increasing NATO's defensive 
‘ capability by up to 40 percent 
i The third main area is 
. equipment. The use of new 
i technologies to improve 
defensive weapons is better 
than spending money on 
weapons which may net work 
for deep strike against targets 
■ which may not be there.. Air 
force and naval reforms would 
be needed to accompany the 
changes. 

Nuclear blackmail 

There is a growing consen- 
sus among unbiased military 
specialists that the proposal's 
which we make for a modern- 
ized European defence strat- 
egy are well founded. 

The apologists for nuclear 
weapons have been thrown 
onto the back fooL They have 
always told us that die threat 
the West faces is of a Warsaw 
Pact invasion; now they are 
shifting their ground. A’non- 
nuclear strategy, they argue, 
will lead to ‘'nuclear 
blackmail” since even they 
concede the absurdity of the 
idea that the Soviet Union 
might suddenly start hurling 
nuclear weapons westward. 

The notion of “nuclear 
blackmail" is fallacious. It has 
long been clear — as the 
disaster of Chernobyl horrify- 
ingly demonstrated — that the 
spread of radioactive 
contamination would make 

Continued on opposite page 


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Such a scenario has added have given, we believe that 
weight both to the argument strawy to be unworkable. Yet 
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Labour 

approach 

What deters a potential 
aggressor is the high probabil- 
ity of defeat. 

Our policy is founded upon 
the plain fact that in our 
national defence that 
probability is dirainishii^ be- 
cause of Britain’s declining 
conventional forces and be- 
cause of Nato’s overemphasis 
on nuclear weapons. 

Our purpose is to tackle that 
weakness head on. 


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The priority for Britain is to 
begin to re-structure our de- 
fence commitments, and to 
put money strictly where it is 
most needed and best used. 


steps needed to enhance con- 
ventional strength. 

For that reason we believe it 
is vital that Britain makes a 
concrete first step towards the 
implementation of a non- 
nuclear defence strategy. 
Without it the need for 
change is likely to remain at 
the level of academic specula- 
tion. That is why it is our 
intention to cancel Trident, 
de-coramission Polaris and 
remove all American nuclear 
weapons in this country. The 
Tory argument that by doing 
so we will irretrievably alien- 
ate the Americans is false. 
Strengthening Nato's con- 
ventional defence and reliev- 
ing the USA of the obligation 
to commit nuclear suicide in 
response to Soviet attack on 
Western Europe is fully sup- 
ported by many Americans. 
Indeed, President Reagan ac- 
cepted the need for change in 
Nato strategy in his recent 
discussions with Mr 
Gorbachov, when he spoke, of 
clearing American Cruise 
nuclear missiles out of 
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■ Labour’s new defence pot- Labour government would 
icy faced an immediate and have to reintroduce 
sustained onslaught from the conscription, 
opposition parties with Mr Dr David Owen, the SDP 
George Younger, Secretary of leader, made clear that the 
Stale for Defence, asserting Alliance would refuse to sup- 
that it would leave Britain port a minority labour 
“defenceless in an uncertain government if it insisted on its 
world” and mean that a non-nuclear policy. - 


THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 1 1 1986 

labour defence policy 


HOME NEWS 


Kinnock 

outlines 

his 

strategy 

Continued from previous page 

There are, of course, no 
examples of NATO countries 

with or without nuclear 
w ^?Ppns on their territory — 
wnich have in any sense bee n 

blfe. t0 “ nucIear 

Washington’s view 

Washington contains more 
defence analysts than any 
other capital, and they give 
more credence to this review 
of NATO doctrines than opin- 
ion in the USA might at first 
suggest. Successive US 
Administrations have also 
understood that NATO is an 
alliance of severeign sta t es 
which depends on shared 
political values and not on an 
attachment to a partic ular 
military strategy. 

The United States has ac- 
cepted and built on major 
changes is the pa sL Because 
our policies are not aimed at 
harming American interests or 
at getting rid of the American 
conventional forces in Britain, 
there is no practical reason 
why they should not work 
constructively with the policy 
of modernizing NATO 
strategy. 

The Americans also under- 
stand that we are not asking 
them to dismantle their strate- 
gic nuclear weapons. We ac- 
cept that both the US and 
Soviet Union will want to 
maintain a mi nimum second 
strike capability as long as the 
other does. But, since both Mr 
Reagan and Mr Gorbachev 
agreed at Reykjavik that their 
aim was to secure the aboli- 
tion of nuclear weapons, we 
consider that there are 
grounds for hope that the 
maintenance of nuclear strike 
capabilities by the super- 
powers will be a transient 
stage. 

As we have pointed out, the 
Americans have already pro- 
posed the elimination of all 
ballistic missiles between 1991 
and 1996. This is the very 
period in which Mrs Thatcher 
anticipates receiving Britain’s 
Trident ballistic missiles from 
the United Slates. 

In the meantime, we are 
seeking a policy of *No First 
Use' of nuder weapons by 
NATO and removal of them 
from Europe. Indeed, but for 
the Soviet insistence that Star 
Wars was somehow linked to 
intermediate nuclear forces in 
Europe, the meeting at Reyk- 
javik would have led to the 
removal of all cruise, Per- 
shing, and SS20 missies from 
Europe — the zero-zero op- 
tion. This shows that la bour’s 
approach, for from being irres- 
ponsible, is attnned to the 
realities recognized by the 
superpowers. Unlike Mrs 
Thatcher, the Labour Party is 
actively promoting the Reyk- 
javik zero-zero option. 

Conclusion 

Changing NATO strategy 
and concentrating Britain’s 
resources on effective con- 
ventional forces within 
NATO win provide both 
Britain and the West with the 
best prospect for overcoming 
the present deficiencies in our 
defence policies and military 
strategies. 

We will need the support of 
other members if we *** J? 
achieve the reform needed. 
We will pursue this through 
reaso ned discussion and we 
wifi remain in NATO, to 
which we contribute jo per 
cent of our defence budget 

The mission of the next 
Labour government, as it was 
the mission of former Labour 
governments over the last 40 

years, is to find 

prevent the 

conflict. 


chiefs are sceptical 
of Labour strategy 

By Peter Davenport, Defence Correspondent 


Senior military com- 
manders in Europe believe 
that no matter how much of 
the saving from a cancelled 
Trident programme a future 
Labour government would 
spend on extra conventional 
forces they could not seriously 
alter the adverse balance of 
forces with the Warsaw Pact 
or replace the deterrent value 

of a nuclear capability. 

The costs of replacing the 
agring Polaris system with 
Trident is put at £10 billion 
but a decision to caned would 
not automatically release all 
those funds for conventional 
spending. 

Defence sources said last 
night that £3 billion had al- 
ready been spent on the 
programme, including the 
£400 million on the warhead 
production plant at 
Aldermasion, development 
costs and the ordering of the 
first submarine, and that with 
crippling penalty clauses for 
cancellation a total of £5 bil- 
lion of the overall costs would 
have to be regarded as 
“irrecoverable’’. 

The Labour Party says it 
will restore the committment 
to a SO warship Navy, build 
the European fighter aircraft 
and restore standards of train- 
ing and equipment of the 
British Army in Germany, all 
of which they accuse the 
Government of neglecting in 
its determination to proceed 
with Trident 

Several options would be 
open to a future Labour 
government on how to spend 
the money saved by its non- 
nuclear policy, according to 


defence analysts 
It could probably equip two 
more armoured brigades, a 
total of 300 tanks, on the 
central front in Germany or 
give the RAF two more squad- 
rons of Tornadoes or build 
around right of the Type-23 
frigates for the Navy. It could 
also speed up the provision 
and increase the number of 
attack helicopters that the 
Army would like. 

But ail those would also 
involve the ongoing costs of 

recruiting and training the 
extra men required and 
providing the support through 
the life time of the equipment. 

One defence source said: 
“When you weigh it up La- 
bour may be left with £5 bil- 
lion over 10 or IS years to 
spend if they cancel Trident 
and when you see what it will 
actually buy in conventional 
terms u does not add up to 
very much.” 

An earlier suggestion for an 
anti-tank trench filled with 
explosive slurry along the 
front in Germany has been 
dropped from the document 
issued yesterday and instead it 
railed for a series of man- 
made barriers and obstacles 
which it claimed would in- 
crease Nato's defensive 
capability by up to 40 percent 
Critics of the plan however 
condemned it as totally 
impractical both politically 
and physically. 

Some defence analysts yes- 
terday also raised the question 
of whether a future Labour 
/eminent would actually 
its intention of spending 
Trident savings on con- 


ventional forces if it were to 
find itself under pressure from 
its back-benches to divert 
funds instead into health, 
education or employment 
measures. 

Whhin the ranks of senior 
Nato military commanders in 
Germany there is deep con- 
cern at the effect of Labour 
policies should they be en- 
acted; one senior officer said it 
was “inconceivable’* that the 
United Kingdom coukl stay 
inside the alliance with a non- 
nuclear policy that also ejected 
American nuclear focres from 
the country. 

Even analysts who believe 
that the decision to get rid of 
Britain’s independent nuclear 
deterrent would not have any 
significant military effect say 
that the political con- 
sequences within Nato, and in 
particular with the Americans, 
would be “disastrous”. 

In the document yesterday 
Labour said the implementa- 
tion of its non-nuclear policy 
would not go ahead without 
“complex and thorough 
discussion” and that it would 
irretrievably alienate the 
Americans: 

However only last week 
General Bernard Rogers, the 
Supreme Allied PAwimaiwter 
in Europe said that the im- 
plementation of such policies 
would lead to the withdrawal 
of the 330,000 US troops 
stationed in Europe and the 
Nato defence ministers meet- 
ing in Brussels for the first 
time included a rejection of 
unilateral ^'«nwnnwit in 
their final communique: 


Kinnock defence plan 
‘has desperate danger’ 

By Phffip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

Mr Younger, at a Conser- 


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vative Central Office press 
conference, said that Labour’s 
plan was desperately dan- 
gerous for Britain and the 
Western Alliance, and would 
greatly threaten the future of 
Nato. . He described Mr 
Kinnock’s trip last week to the 
United States as a “mission 
impossible”. 

The Labour leader now 
knew the strength of feeling 
across the political spectrum 
about his proposals to -expel 
US nuclear forces from 

Bri tain. 

“All of ns want to see 
reductions in the size of 
nndear arsenals across the 
world- Experience shows that 
the only way to achieve that is 
from a position of strength. 

“Unilateral disarmament 
would torpedo the prospect of 
successful arms talks between 
East and West Why should 
the Russians negotiate seri- 
ously when everything is con- 
ceded to them in advance?” 

Mr Younger said Mr 
Kinnock’s only response to 
the outcry against his defence 
policy was to cover his ears. 
Meanwhile Labour's deputy 
leader, Mr Roy Hattetsley, 
crossed his fingers and shadow 
Foreign Secretary Denis 
Healey shut his mouth. But 
the storm of pro test would not 
die down. 

“Can each of your western 
European allies, and indeed 
informed opinion throughout 
the Western Alliance, all be 
wrong and Mr Kinnock right? 
This new Labour policy is a 
desperately dangerous policy 
for Britain and for the West- 
ern Alliance on which our 
future peace and freedom 
rests.” 

Mr Younger said it was sad 
that Mr Hatterstey and Mr 
Healey could not bring them- 
selves to speak for Britain at 
this important time. 

“The cornerstone of 
Britain’s security since 1949 
has been our membership of 
the Nato alliance. Indeed 
there has been a consensus of 
opinion between Conser- 
vative and Labour govern- 
ments over this issue.” 

He forecast the American 
people would not tolerate 
leaving their troops in Britain 
without nuclear protection, 
even if Mr Kinnock said he 
would allow British troops to 
re main in West Germany 
without such protection. 

Conventional forces played 
and would continue to play a 
vital role in Nato strategy, but 
on their own they could not 
remove the threat of midear 
weapons. 

Mr Younger said the idea 
that the use of Trident mosey 
on conventional forces could 
significantly redress the large 
conventional imbalance be- 
tween Nato and the Warsaw 
Pact was illusory. Mr Younger 
said that a totally con- 
ventional strategy would al- 
most certainly mean 
conscription and Labour must 
face up to that It would be 
necessary for Britain to match 
the size of the Warsaw Pact’s 
conventional forces. 

Dr Owen said: “There is no 
way that we would give a non- 
nuclear strategy the time of 
day.” 


*1 so liked your book, 

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That woman speaks 
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FOUNDERS. 

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British 

telecom 


THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 11 1986 


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THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 11 1986 


OVERSEAS NEWS 


C 


■WORLD SUMMARY 


Villagers lose long 
fight against dam 

“■ Determined residents of the doomed town of 
oraHronted policemen oa foot sad horseback firing 
raewrbiillels and smoke bombs yesterday in a futile tat- 
“J™ effort to keep their boros from being demolished 

CrianyDebelais writes). 

Hope of yet another reprieve for the northern Spanish 
wra^wbich has been living on borrowed time since 
cwaroctiGa of a dam on the river Esb began 20 years ago, 
on Wednesday morning when a local jadge fiuled to ex- 


“stay of execution previously granted in favour of the 
townsfolk. 

.Church hefts chimed at 730am, alerting residents to the 
mg feared arrival of hundreds of policemen, who screened a 
Ewuum of heavy construction machinery, brought for tbe 
{Depose Of demolishing 23 houses which stead in the way of 
tte construction of pillars for a high bridge which will cross 
town that is to be s ub m erged. 

Ammii sag to Spanish authorities, the artificial lake which 
drown Riano and eight small villages nearby, wiD make 
P**sille the irrigation of 80,000 hectares and will prodace 
It® kilowatts of electric power. 

•PAMPLONA: Foot workers were killed whim 
culapsed and buried them Duder 150 tonnes of oei 
cxacrete at a hydroelectric plant being built in Pamplona 
(Sorter reports!. 


Swiss 

switch 

leroe (Renter! — The 
Sviss Parliament has 
elded Mr Arnold Roller 
Ecfflomy Minister and Mr 
Flivio Cotti Interior Min- 
stfT yesterday. 

Tttj' will lake the places 
respectively of Mr kmt 
Fnrgler. Switzerland’s 
longest-serving cabinet 
member, and Mr Alphons 
EgS. AU four men are 
Chnstiac Democrats one 
of hnr parties in the cen- 
trist coalition that has gov- 
ern'd Switzerland far 27 
yean. 


Revenge 

lynching 

Nairobi (AFP) — A- |?ry 
villagers near Lake Vic- 
toria shore town of Kisranu, 
have lynched three armed 
bogus policemen who had 
been terrorising them. The 
Kenya Times reported. 

The three were in a 
group of five men dressed 
in police uniforms and 
aimed with machetes and 
clubs. They had been 
conducting a door-to-door 
raid in the village when 
they were suspected ‘ of 
being robbers. Three were 
overpowered and killed. 


Cancer campaign 

Brussels — The EEC has bunched a new campaign 
agahst cancer in enrope with a promise to ban sales of doty 
free cigarettes in ports and airports (A Correspondent 
writes). 

Tie Social Affairs Commissioner, Seiior Mannel Marin 
presented a 75-point plan to check the spread of a disease 
which is expected to affect one EEC citizen in three by the 
year !000. compared with one in four today. 

Tite main areas of action would be the fight against 
tobacco addiction, improvement in eating habits, a reduction 
in alcohol consumption and more protection against 
radiates. 

The Brussels authorities are also concerned to step up 
regular screening for cancer in Enrope. 

Millions Mayor’s 

for Miro fury 


Madrid — Fortytw© 
paintings by Joan Mira, 
sold here by Sotheby’s, 
fetched £2.6 million, two 
thirds higher than the 
artist’s heirs had been 
advised to expect in Spain 
(Richarcd Wigs writes). 

Considerable foreign in- 
terest was shown in the 
first labile auction of 
works in Mini's own pos- 
session whan be died, aged 
90. almost three years ago. 
TZiric quarters of the 
paintings wore sold to for- 
efcn purchasers. 


Madrid — Setior Pedro 
Pacheco, the mayor of Je- 
rez de la Frontera, the 
home town if sherry, has 
been barred from public life 
for six years by a Seville 
court and may not be able 
to stand for mayor next 
year. 

He was found gmlty of 
contempt for declaring 
“justice is a force, tile rich 
always win” after a famous 
Spanish popular ringer, 
won an appeal against Je- 
rez Town CotradFs order to 
poll down a chalet borne. 


Jelly Jesus too much 

A Bonn sweety-maker has come unstuck with a special 
Christmas line in jelly figures of Jesus, Mary and Joseph as 
well as chewy stable animals shepherds and Stars of 
Bethlehem (John England writes). 

The West German Catholic Bishops Conference has 
criticized tbe firm, Haribo, for a “taste! essness for which 
Catholics and other Christians have no understanding”, and 
the firm has been deluged with letters of complaint from the 
liable. 

But a spokesman for tbe firm said yesterday: “We can't 
withdraw the sweets From the market because they have all 
Spwe Out to retailers.” 


Colonel to 
face Malta 
legislature 

Fr”!m Austin Sammut 
Malta 

The timmander of Malta's 
"Tart. Force", an elitist corps, 
is to be brought before the 
House of Representatives to 
answer a charge of breaching 
the privilege of flic House. 

Colanel John Cachia yes- 
terday entered the House and 
challenge the Loader of the 
Opposition. Dr Eddie Fencch 
Adam;, calling him a liar. Dr 
Fence h Adami was replying to 
the I9$f» budget speech. 

A number of ministers and 
parliamentary members then 
crossed the floor and crowded 
the Opposition leader before 
the televised sitting was sus- 
pended for the second lime. 

Dr Fencch Adami devoted 
the main pan of his speech to 
what he called “the threat to 
liberty and democracy in.Mal- 
ta", evident from the political 
violence occurring the pre- 
vious week, which left one 
person dead and at least 70 
injured. 

He described how socialist 
supporters hod shot at the car 
of the Task Force commander 
at Zcjtoun on November 30. 
and then exclaimed: “Excuse 
me sir, we did not notice it was 
you.” 

Dr Fencch Adami read out 
excerpts of radio conversa- 
tions between police officers 
at Zeiioun on November 30 
and the Prime Minister and 
ether ministers. He accused 
one minister of being an ac- 
complice in the police-aided 
criminal assault on National- 
ist Party supporters attending 
a mass rally there. 

The Leader of the Opposi- 
tion said His party had record- 
ir^s of all radio com- 
munications and .claimed that 
the gas used by the police on 
that day was not tear gas but 
choking gas. 


Rights day 
detentions 
in Russia 

From Christopher Walker 
Moscow 

The strict limits to changes 
in Soviet policy under Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov were 
demonstrated yesterday when 
International Human Rights 
Day was marked by the deten- 
tion of four members of divid- 
ed families and a vigorous 
defence by officials of the 
decision to banish Mr Andrei 
Sakharov, the dissident physi- 
cist. nearly seven years ago. 

A Foreign Ministry press 
conference staged to dem- 
onstrate the claimed new ap- 
proach by Moscow to “hum- 
anitarian issues” backfired 
when Western reporters drew 
negative responses on a num- 
ber of key issues front senior 
officials who did nothing to 
disguise their contempt for 
many of the questions. 

Mr Vsevolod Sofinsky, Fast 
Deputy Head of tbe Ministry 
for Humanitarian and Cul- 
tural Relations, was asked 
whether Dr Sakharov's exile 
to Gorky, some 250 miles 
outside Moscow, would be 
permanent. 

“There is 

nenl in this world, 
most temporary is most per- 
manent,” he said. 

To the obvious irritation of 
the seven-strong Soviet panel 
Mr Sofinskv was asked to 
explain the Kremlin's plans 
for Dr Sakharov’s future. 

“You know in a planned 
state, wc do everything on the 
basis of plans except for those 
which cannot be planned,” he 
replied obscurely. 

A Foreign Ministry spokes- 
man said .Anatoly Marchenko, 
the Soviet dissident whose 
death was revealed by rel- 
atives early this week, died 
fham a brain haemorrage 
which followed “a natural and 
long disease”. 


Disarray benefits President 


From Diana Geddes 
Paris 

The disarray of the Govern- 
ment of M Jacques Chirac, 
following the defeat of its 
controversial education BQl at 
the hands of tbe students, has 
given President Mitterrand a 
wonderful opportunity to re- 
assert his pre-eminence on the 
Fiench political scene. 

In a two-hour radio inter- 
view on Tuesday night, sched- 
uled a year ago and therefore 
long before the recent troubles 
began, M Mitterrand said he 
had asked M Chirac several 
times to withdraw the Univer- 
sity Reform Bill — a decision 
he had taken “a little late, but 
just in time”. (On Sunday, M 
Chirac denied that the Presi- 
dent h«rf ever him to 
withdraw the Bill.) 

M Mitterrand went mi to 
say that he felt himsdf“on the 
same wavelength” as tbe stu- 
dents, who were “remarkably 
mature and endowed with 
great wisdom and an undeni- 
ably pacific temperament”. 
There had been no violence on 
their part, he claimed, but on 
the part of professional trou- 
ble-makers. 

Asked about his relations 
with tbe Prime Minister, he 
said he found M Chirac a man 
of “many qualities which [ 
would hope would be used in 
the right place and at the right 
moment” 

Cohabitation, he confessed, 
was a difficult art. Everyone 
knew that he and M Chirac 
did not share views on a 
number of subjects, but “we 

manag e tO WOtk Out a COm- 

mon line on the issues relating 



Protests in 
Paris end 
with silent 
procession 

From Michael McCarthy 
Paris 

Several hundred thousand 
aag people in a procession 


Paris students' banners attack the tiffing of a comrade by police (Photograph: Chris Harris) 


to the major interests of 
France; foreign policy and 
defence in particular. 

“Each of us, in his own way, 
is in the service of Fiance,” he 
said. 

- M Mitterrand claimed it 
was die President's role to act 
as umpire or judge and make 
known his views whenever be 
felt the common interests or 
unity of the country were 
endangered. But, he had no 


power to initiate or pass laws. 
That, be said, was the work of 
the Government and Parlia- 
ment. 

During tbe first five years of 
his presidency, before the 
advent of conafaitation, M 
Mitterrand had enjoyed the 
same vast powers as his three 
predecessors. Powers which he 
had always considered exces- 
sive in so for as they were 
based on practice, and not on 


a strict reading of the 
constitution. 

“There must not be ab- 
solute power,” he continued, 
“but there is a pre-eminent 
power. The president must be 
able to dispose of great 
authority. This great authority 
he will fold in- the texts (of the 
constitution), but above all he 
wifi find it in himself and in 
his way. of- conducting him- 
self” 


French student, revolt, the 
antborities hope, in their own 

inimitable fashion yesterday 
by filling the boolevards of 
Paris wi ll Silence- 

Organizers of the march 
cfoimed a turnout of more than 

500.000 in Paris with another 
200^000 m the provinces, while 
tin police put the turnout at 

126.000 in the capital 

Defiantly displaying their 

self-control to the Government 
whose education reform plan, 
was so hmniWatingly defeated 
by their agitation, tire students 
walked from the Place Deafeit 
Rodterean in the south of tin 
city to the Place de la Nation 
in the east in an enormous file 
that was stow, peaceful and 
completely, hushed. 

The entire student popula- 
tion of Paris seemed to hare 
tamed itseff into a solemn 
memorial cortege for MaHk 
Onssekme, the student killed 
in last week's tints. 

The de facto leader of this 
year's semi-uprising, David 
AssooBue, a history student, 
told die mass of demonstrators 
when they arrived at Place de 
la Nation: “This demonstra- 
tion has been the best possible 
homage we coaid ha ve ren- 
dered to Malik and the other 
victims of police repression.” 



Nixon says 
Iran issue 
is not a 
Watergate 

From Michael Biayon 
Washington 


Former President. Nixon, 
speaking out for the first time 
on the Iran crisis, said it was 
not another Watwgate,oor 
would it become one a s long as 
the Reagan Administration 
kept the initiative. 

But he urged Republicans to 
defend the President and not 
to i ndulg e in “cannibalism”. 

He went ore “As I have 
written in my. memoirs, 
Watergate was handled abys- 
mally. President Fteagan is 
handling this crisis exped- 
itiously/' •„ 

He had talked to foe Presi- 
dent several times on tbe 
telephone recently, and Mr 
Reagan said he knew nothing 
of the diversion of funds to the 
Contras. “And I believe him,” 
Mr Nixon added. 

The former President, who. 
led over Watergate m 
was addressing a meet- 
ing of Republican governors 
in New Jersey. 

He admitted, that Mr 
Reagan was in trouble because 
subordinates “screwed up”, 
but said the President's critics 
should “get off his back” and 
allow him to continue his 
“quest for peace”. 

He called the controversy 
over Iran and the Contra 
foods a “sideshow in Wash- 
ington” that could weaken the 
President in his dealings with 
Moscow. 



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10 


Refugees refuse 
to give up hope 
in slum camps 
of West Bank 




From Ian Murray, Nablus 


The “main road” is about 
five feet across from rough 
concrete wall to rough con- 
crete walL The air is heavy 
with the pungent odour of 
disinfectant overlaying rotting 
rubbish and urine. The “side 
roads” are alleyways, barely a 
yard across, leading steeply up 
and down hill to the ill- 
ventilated bouses. 

Mr Mohammed Atta knows 
these alleyways and houses 
intimately. He was born 25 
years ago in the one where he 
still lives. 

Each day as a boy he walked 
down the main road to the 
little UNRWA (UN Relief 

A 16-year-oM girl was hit in 
the elbow by a bullet when 
Israeli soldiers fired to break 
up a demonstration by Pales- 
tinian schoolchildren in the 
Gaza Strip yesterday morning 
(Our Own Correspondent 
writes). 

According to the army the 
girl was inciting other children 
to demonstrate and bad ig- 
nored a warning to disperse. 

and Work Agency) school 
where the windows look 
straight- out across the grave- 
stones in ihe Muslim cem- 
etary. 

Like so many others in the 
camp he refused to accept the 
view that the school was the 
dead end of his academic 
career. He is now a qualified 
architect and teacher's assis- 
tant at the An Najah Univer- 
sity in Nablus and has won a 
scholarship to study in .Amer- 
ica next August. 

The fetid smell of the camp 
permeates every dingy room. 


It is relatively well-appointed 
with a good water supply and 
three telephones for the 4,000 
residents, but the overcrowd- 
ing has inevitably created 
slum couditious. 

Mr Atta has spent his life in 
tills modem slum, which was 
built in 1 955 and was meant to 
last for only five years. 

He saves what he can from 
his earnings in the hope that 
one day he will be able to buy 
his way out by building his 
own house for a wife he still 
seeks. 

He does not expect her to 
come from any of the wealthy 
West Bank families, whose 
opulent homes flank the road 
leading to the refugee camp. 
They do not mix with the 
refugees very much. He wants 
children of his own. despite 
the apparent hopelessness. 

A neighbour up the alley- 
way is Mr W’assefZaitoun. the 
cousin of Ramadan Zaitoun. 
aged 12. who died on Monday 
with a bullet in the head after a 
stone-throwing incident at Ba- 
tata Camp, on the other side of 
Nablus. 

The Army says the boy died 
before soldiers fired live 
ammunition at the camp that 
day but Mr Wassef says he has 
spoken to a girl, aged 13, who 
caught the dying boy in her 
arms as he fell. “The .Army 
would say they didn't shooL of 
course.” he says. “But the girl 
saw the soldiers fire.” 

He says no one in the camps 
has any 'guns. “Even if some-, 
one wears a bullet on a chain 
round his neck he goes to 
prison for six months. Only 
the army have guns. We have 
only stones to throw.” 



EEC under spotlight 

Last-ditch effort to 
avert trade war 


v *• i . .*•*&• • > ho* 

-iTv-rOMiy.-. .**,.> ■>»' i 

Shia Muslim Amal militia men firing against Palestinians at the Boarj-al-Barajneh refugee camp before the ceasefire . 

Lebanon’s ‘savage war’ is interrupted 

grenades at the Sbatfla and 
Bosrf aFBarajneh camps. 

Yesterday’s moves to an- 
ptemen t the trace came after 
five days during which Iranian 
and Libyan effor ts w ere roder- 
minwt fry flare-ups of fiftdng 
and the Soviet Ambassador, 
Mr Vassily Kototonsba, said 
Moscow was adding its weight 
to peace efforts. 

“We want this war among 
brothers to end. We want a 
political solution and the 
Soviet Union has made con- 
tacts with the parties concern- 
ed,” he said oa Tuesday. 

Mr YassirAraftL chairman 
of the Palestine Liberation 
Organization, who enjoys wide 
support in die cantos, has so 
far rejected the latest cease- 
fires. 


Maghdonsheh, Lebanon, 
(Reuter) — Guerrillas yester- 
day honoured part of an Iran- 
ian-mediated accord to defuse 
the savage “camps war” bet- 
ween Palestinian fighters and 
Shia Muslim Amal militia in 
Beirut and south Lebanon. 

The Palestinians evacuated 
some strategic positions won 
from Amal in Maghdonsheh, 
25 miles south of Beirut and 
Amal allowed ambulances and 
relief supplies into the be- 
sieged Palestinian refugee 
camp at Rashidiyeh, near 
Tyre. 

It was the biggest success so 
far in Iranian and Libyan ef- 
forts to arrange a truce after 10 
weeks of fighting in which at 
least 600 people have been 
killed and more than 1,150 


wounded in and around Pales- 
tinian refugee camps. 

Scores of Palestinian guer- 
rillas withdrew from five front- 
line positions in Maghdous- 
heh and handed them over to a 
buffer force of fighters of the 
pro-Iranian Hezbollah (Party 
of God). 

The Iranian na ti on al an- 
them was played as the Hez- 
bollah fighters chanted: *A1- 
lah-o-Akbar” (God is most 
Great) and “Victory to Kho- 
meini”. 

A handful of Christian res- 
idents ventured from their 
s bell-pocked booses to watch 
the handover, which was 
supervised by I ranian of- 
ficials, who had done much of 
the negotiating. 

Hezbollah ambulances took 


away 20 corpses which bad 
been lying in the debris-strewn 
streets for more than a week. 

Shortly after the Msgh- 
donsbeh withdrawal, about 
100 Amal fighters around 
Rashidiyeh watched as two 
vans with emergency supplies 
and six ambulances entered 
the refugee camp, breaking a 
two-month Amal siege. 

Ambulances from the Inter- 
nationa! Committee of the Red 
Cross and the Lebanese Red 
Cross, were expected to evac- 
uate wounded Palestinians. 

Bulldozers bad already re- 
moved huge saad barriers 
erected around the camp as 
shields from snipers. 

In Beirut, Palestinian 
sources reported sporadic ex- 
changes of rocket-propelled 


By .Andrew McEwen. Diplomatic Correspondent 

loss of exports to Spain and 
Portugal of soighum and 
maize worth $500 miliicn. 
The accession of both coun- 
tries to the EEC had the efftci 
of making it cheaper for their 
importers to buy from Euro- 
pean countries. 

M Jacques Delore. the presi- 
dent of the European Con- 
mission, has responsibility br 
the negotiations rather dun 
the European Council. He las 
refused to pay compensation 
but offered other measvues. 
This is understood to be 
unacceptable to the 
Americans. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, he 
Foreign Secretary, who is in 
Brussels for the main anxual 
meeting of the North Altai tic 
Council, was staying in close 
touch with the talks. Bnian s 
presidency of the EEC give 
him the responsibility for 
liaising with M Delors. uk 
C ouncil has expressed fell 
support for M Delore' staid. 

The dispute almost cam: to 
a head last July but a trade«ar 
was averted by a delating 
form ula This allowed the US 
to continue exports to the EEC 
at the 1985 level ou fee 
understanding that a feu 
agreement would be reaibed 
by the end of the year. 


A top level Reagan Admin- 
istration team moved from 
London to Brussels yestentay 
for critical talks to head off a 
threatened trade war between 
the US and the EEC. 

Mr George Shultz, the Sec- 
retary of State, and Mr Rich- 
ard Lyng, foe US Agriculture 
Secretary, left after meetings 
with British ministers. Mr 
Clayton Yeutter, foe _ US 
Trade Secretary, had arrived 
from London earlier, and Mr 
James Baker, foe US Treasury 
Secretary, was expected to join 
them- 

Earlier, Mr Lyng discussed 
the trade war threat with Mr 
Paul Cbannon, Britain’s Sec- 
retary for Trade and Industry. 

The Americans planned to 
hold a preparatory session 
before talking to EEC officials 
on Friday. They are to see 
members of the Commission 
in a last-ditch effort to beat a 
December 31 deadline im- 
posed by the US. 

Measures to block EEC 
exports to the US worth $500 
million (£352 million) a year 
have been threatened if foe 
dispute is not solved. But wife 
both sides taking up fixed 
positions the room for nego- 
tiation looked slender. 

The Americans have de- 
manded compensation for foe 


Howe warns of fragile 
relations with US 

From Robert Owen, Strasbourg 








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On tire eve of crucial US- 
European talks in Brussels 
today and tomorrow. Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the British 
Foreign Secretary, yesterday 
urged Europe not to exacer- 
bate political and economic 
tensions with Washington. 

In his final address to the 
European Parliament as Presi- 
dent of foe EEC Council of 
Ministers, he said the West 
must not be distracted from 
“the real opportunities” for 
East-West arms control agree- 
ments in the wake of the 
Reykjavik summit. 

He said a solution had to be 
found on US-European trade 
tensions by the end of the year 
to avoid political disruption 
within foe Western alliance. 

The annual meeting of Nato 
foreign ministers in Brussels 
today gives Mr George Shultz, 
the American Secretary of 
State, a chance to soothe 
European anxieties over US 
foreign policy in foe wake of 
both foe Reykjavik summit 
and the White House scandal 
over foe Iran arms deal 

Tomorrow Mr Shultz has 
foe equally difficult task of 
tackling EEC-US trade ten- 
sions in talks at the EEC 
Commission. 

Washington has threatened 
to retaliate by December 31 


against what it sees as tnfair 
EEC barriers against Aneri- 
can farm exports following the 
enlargement of foe Commu- 
nity earlier this year to include 
Spain and PortugaL 

Sir Geoffrey warned that 
US-European relations must 
not be allowed to deteriorate 
because of bitter battles over 
steel or cereals exports. Farm 
subsidies, he said, were a 
problem on both sides of the 
Atlantic and had to be dealt 
with within Gatt (foe General 
Agreement on Tariffs and 
Trade) to avoid a “slide into 
protectionism”. 

“It would be tempting to 
put up barriers against im- 
ports from America. Bui 16 
per cent of EEC form exports 
go to America. If we took 
unilateral action we should 
soon be like Pyrrhus, who said 
after the battle of Asculum: 
'One more victory like that 
and we are done fori ” 

Sir Geoffrey identified 
Western aims priorities as foe 
removal of intermediate nuc- 
lear forces from Europe, a 
halving of strategic arms and a 
chemical weapons ban, but 
said there could be no East- 
West confidence unless Mos- 
cow improved its human 
rights policies. 


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Amid plans for a crisis EEC 
summit in Brussels in March, 
EEC Budget Ministers last 
night held emergency 
consultations with the Euro- 
pean Parliament in a final bid 
to settle a Common Market 
budget for 1987. 

' Euro-MPs said it was pos- 
sible there may not be agree- 
ment by tomorrow’s deadline 
— when the Parliament is due 
to vote on foe second and final 
budget reading — because of 
disagreements over spending 
priorities and foe likely £2 
billion overran on foe 1987 


budget. 

They said if foe budget was 
rejected the Community 
would be funded by a system 
of “provisional twelfths”. 

Mr Henning Chris- 
tophersen, foe Budget Com- 
missioner, yesterday warned 
that this year’s shortfall of at 
least £1 billion would exhaust 
all EEC revenues for next year. 
His warning followed an ad- 
dress by Mrs Thatcher on 
Tuesday, in which she refused 
to consider any increase in 
VAT contributions to foe EEC 
until 1988 at the earliest. 


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Churches 
accused 
in Kenya 

From A Correspondent 
Nairobi 

The co-ordinating body for 
foe major Protestant Chur- 
ches in Kenya, the National 
Christian Council of Kenya, 
(NGCK), has been accused by 
a senior government minister 
of attempting to play the role 
of an opposition party and en- 
gaging in subversive activities. 

Mr Justus Ole Tipis, the 
Minister of State responsible 
for internal security, said the 
NCCK tended to deviate from 
i its original role of bringing 
Christians together in Kenya 
and was involved is political 
matters outside its mandate. 

He disclosed that foe Kenya 
Government is currently in- 
vestigating allegations that 
some members of the council 
might have knowledge of the 
underground activities of foe 
clandestine Mwakenya organ- 
ization. These investigations 
have already indicated there 
was reasonable evidence that 
“some elements within foe 
NCCK.” were opposed to the 
policies of the Government 
and foe ruling party, Kami, 
fee minister said. 

Mr Tipis went on: “This 
conduct, among some few 
members of the NCCK, and 
their masters who are hiding 
behind the organization, has 
not only created concern in 
the Government but also 
among member Churches, to 
the extent that some are 
already pulling out of the 
organization.*’ He said the 
Government would not allow 
. foe NCCK to be used as “a 
[ 4en for underground politics”. 

-X-rc 


Three die 
in Zambia 
food riots 

Lusaka (Reuter) - The 
Zambian copper belt was 
quiet yesterday after two days 
of food riots in which at least 
three people died. 

The array was patrolling the 
streets of at least one major 
town and police roadblocks 
had replaced rioters’ bar- 
ricades, residents said. 

The rioting, over a 120 per 
cen t rise in the prioe of refined 
maize meal, subsided on 
Tuesday night after foe Gov- 
ernment imposed a curfew. 

The Government also dos- 
ed land borders to outgoing 
travellers, although visitors 
can still arrive and depart 
normally through the coun- 
try’s airports. 

Security forces were back in 
control in foe main towns of 
Kitwe and Ndola early yes- 
terday, although foe atmo- 
sphere was still tense and 
shops and businesses stayed 
dosed. 

"Things seem to be calming 
down. I think this morning is 
quite quiet,” one businessman 
in Kitwe said. 

. In Kitwe. a town of 460.000 
inhabitants, lorry-loads of sol- 
diers patrolled the rity to back 
up foe police, who had fought 
stone-throwing rioters on 
Monday and Tuesday. 

. Security forces were carry- 
ing out extensive identity 
checks and streets were tit- 
tered with debris from stoned 
vehicles, looted shops and 
Government offices. 

Tbe sound of gunfire that 
crackled almost continuously 
“i foe streets of Kitwe yes- 
terday had virtually disap- 
peared. 


■*? 


P- 









THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 1 1 1986 


na- 



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8 . 6 % 

INTEREST 
WITH INSTANT 
ACCESS. 

THAT’S FLIPPING 
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Minimum balance of £500 
gives 7.75% interest p.a. 


Monthly income option 
available on £2,500 or over 


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Available at any branch of 
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.TEKEST.S NORMAL* PAID 


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■■a 







OVERSEAS NEWS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 1 1 1986 


Filipinos rejoice at 60 -day truce 


From Keith Dalton 
nfa£iSa 


FighrLng officially stopped 
a* r.°on yesterday ir. the 
r.hii ip pines J7-year-oId insur- 
gency with hundreds of un- 
armed communist rebels 
streaming into provincial cit- 
ies from their mountain hide- 
outs to join peace rallies. 

Several hundred masked 
communist rebels coman- 
deered trucks and minibuses 
mto Cagayan de Oro city 
where, with hundreds of 
supporters, they marched 
through the southern city 
chanting “Mabubay (long 
live) ceasefire. Mabuhay Corv 
Aquino”. 

Church bells in the central 
city of Bacolod heralded the 
start cf the 60-day truce and 
were greeted with wild ap- 
plause and cheers from about 
20!) rebcis who joined more 
than ! 0.000 residents in a 
peace rally. 

Occasional fireworks in Ma- 
nila ard a small rally at the 
ccpi Lai’s main Roman Catho- 
lic cathedral highlighted the 
low -?:-y official observance of 
the first ai tempt to negotiate 
an tr.d 10 the bloody rebellion 
in -.vhrch more then IS.000 
people rave dice. 

There were no reports of 
any cicshes since the start of 
I he ceasefire. 

The armed forces chief. 
Genera! Fidel Ramos, ordered 
a hilt all fighting but 
warned Filipinos not to be 
"corr.piicear". reminding 
them the: since the ceasefire 
was signed on November 27. 
•5 civilians had died in the 
si-crrilla war. 



Lange is warned Swiss will 

recognize 

Canberra can t Ho ng Kong 


1 L 


ded 


fill US role T-^ncr fc'nnp (AFP) 


>de 


From Richard Long, Wellington 


tary operations during the 
two-month-long truce almost 


Champagne after the hard talking: the rebel ne 
fives, retired Mayor-General Jose Magna, 

sincere desire for peace on Disagreements over mili- 
both sides." tary operations 

Peace talks on “substantive two-month-long i 
issues" to resolve south-east delayed the sti 
.Asia’s major communist ins- ceasefire which cc 
urgency are due to begin International Hu 
before the end of the month Day- 
and both sides expect long and Alter more thai 
tedious negotiations. °* tal * s ’ rebel 


tor Mr Antonio Znmel, centre, with government military representa- 
and Major-General Eduardo Errnita, right, celebrate the trace. 


fT‘s*ocrl Aquino cau- 
tious 1 ;- welcomed the ceasefire 

— e persona'- political triumph 

- idr.'s the nation that 
•“.he cr;.<pec-s of a truly 
effective ceasefire depend on a 


Hours before the ceasefire 
began, the rebel negotiator. 
Mr Satur Ocampo, broadcast 
a nationwide appeal on 
government radio for the 
23.000 strong New Peoples 
.Army (NPA) to abide by the 
truth. 


two-month-long truce almost 
delayed the start of the 
ceasefire which coincides with 
International Human Rights 
Day. 

After more than four hours 
of talks, the rebel negotiators 
agreed that armed guerrilla 
units would not enter “popu- 
lation centres”. 

In return, government nego- 
tiators promised that routine 
patrols would be conducted by 
police units only against crim- 
inals and a system of signs and 
signals would allow the rebels 


safe passage in the country- 
side. 

Only on the eve of the 
ceasefire did both sides agree 
on the five members of a 
national ceasefire committee 
to implement the accord mid 
monitor violations, but local 
committees throughout the 
country still have to be 
formed.- 

“In the meantime, we 
would like to call on all parties 
to exercise the utmost re- 
straint and good faith in the 
spirit of making the ceasefire 
agreement a reality," the chief 
government negotiator, Mr 


Teofisto Guingona, said at a 
joint press conference with his 
rebel counterparts. 

Mr Ocampo, representing 
the communist dominated 
National Democratic Front, 
said the rebels were commit- 
ted to “observe the spirit and 
the letter” of the accord but 
indicated differences re- 
mained over the ban on rebels 
carrying firearms in public 
places. 

“The NPA operates in the 
population areas in the city , 
and in the countryside-They j 
will be defenceless if they are 1 
disarmed.” he said. 


Mr Bill Hayden, the Austra- 
lian Minister of Foreign Af- 
fairs, yesterday warned New 
Zealand that his country could 
not fill the role in a security 
affian ce once played by the 
United Stales. 

Arriving in Wellington for a 
four-day visit and talks with 
Mr David Lange, the New 
Zealand Prime Minister, Mr 
Hayden bluntly spelt out his 
Government's complete dis- 
agreement with its Tasman 
neighbour on its ban on visits 
by nuclear-armed and nuc- 
lear-powered ships. 

This policy, he said, also 
was causing Australia “mark- 
ed additional expense” be- 
cause of the need to duplicate 
separate defence exercises 
with New Zealand after train- 
ing with the United States. 

Mr Hayden's comments, on 
the eve of his talks with Mr 
Lange, me likely to cause 
Wellington considerable em- 

|lfll l AsNiriCTf , 

Mr Lange mid his ministers 
had said they were seeking an 
pr panrfprf defence relationship 
with Australia to replace the 
loss of the American security 

Washington withdrew its 
guarantee, as weD as defence 
training and exchanges, when 
Wellington imposed its ban on 
visits by midear warships 
early last year. 

Mr Frank O’Ftynn, the New 
Zealand Minister of Defence, 


Mr Hayden, however, re- 
jected this. “Australia cannot 
realistically be expected to 
provide a substitute for the 
United States as a security 
partner for New Zealand, be 
said. 

Mr Havden left the im- 
pression that the maintenance 
of separate defence exercises 
with New Zealand could pose 
budgetary problems for Aust- 
ralia in the future. “It has not 
so fer . . . But what next year’s 
budget is likely to be tike, I 
don't know.” Mr Paul Kea- 
ting, the Canberra Treasurer, 
he said, had chilled his col- 
leagues this week with some 
warnings about costs. 

The comments are seen as a 
major setback to the Lange 
Government as it seeks to find 
a way oat of the defence 
dilemma brought on by its 
nuclear warships ban. Legisla- 
tion to enforce the ban, cur- 
rently before Parliament, has 
brought objections from both 
London and Washington. 

The New Zealand policy 
has also brought difficulties 
for tite Australian Labour 
Government of Prime Min- 
isterMrBob Hawke, who, as a 
result, has declined to visit 
New Zealand. 

Mr Hayden, in an arrival 
statement handed to report- 
ers, said the Australian 
Government “disagrees com- 
pletely with New Zealand 
policy on port and air access 


Hong Kong (AFP) -'* 
Switzerland is the first country 
to recognize formally a'neu t 
British- Hong Kong passpon 
to be issued to some 3-*" 
million people here from ?ul) 
1987, the Hong Kong Govern ; 
ment announced. 1 
Die new British Nations p 


* 


Overseas (BNO) passp gt wn 
replace the existing Britisl 

Dependent Territories 3tizei; 

(BDTQ passport, whi h wQ^ 
expire in 19 97 when tto ■ 
British colony reverts o Cm : 
nese sovereignty. j 

The BNO passport, b keep 
ing with the BDTQ trave 
document, will not 8 ve “ - 
holder the right of afode i 
Britain, which has rauad wot _ 

ries here on the validity of it a ^ 
a travel document. J . . 

The Swiss recoraitio • 
meant holders of BfO P 39 
ports will be allowed |o entr ; 
Switzerland without vsas. t 


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Soviet si 


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Moscow (Reuter) j A lin^ 
fted census of thd Sovit“ 
population, covering800,00: 
people, got underlay ye-T 
tetday in prepara tionfor a fir 
survey in 1989. f 


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Out of ji 


Singapore (Reared — TTd 


Singapore oppositioi leaded 


Mr Joshua Jeyaretx 
released, after a o 
prison sentence for 
be greeted by 2,( 
porters. 


( v;rr rt- 
-j t: rbr 

i 1 i Nw* 
•; t*SuHt 
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-- « 


Zealand Minister ol Defence, and understands the actions * 1 I . 

had said there were no prob- wbiefa the United States has ASVlUDl SOlSHT 
lems m strerathemng the taken to suspend its security Melbourne (Reilert - 
defence arrange oWjgutag^ Anzua «, iSLlX' :S, 


blambia drug barons The MIS book hearing 

■jm to tieroin business Quick end in sight after secret documents deal 

U rnrn i n anR'>a.i lifnMlunrr DnnntA ^ J 


Melbourne (Rev 
Neum Shalamanov. 
the Bulgarian wei^itli 
disappeared after bn 
world record at the r 
is seeking political ai 
Australia. 


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' 


From Geoffrey Matthews, Bogota 


Evidence Is mourning that 
crjg bsrens in Colombia. 
r.c~ e centre of the cocaine 
ra?*:ci in South America, are 
entering the heroin trade. 

2ar!y this ■■eek police seized 
: : 5 lb of heroin, worth about 
$1.5 million (£? million), in a 
town near Medellin. 
Colombia's second biggest 
cii\. which is regarded as the 
corporate headquarters of the 
nation’s cocaine racketeers. 


bia is the source of 75 per cent 
of the cocaine and 40 per cent 
of the marijuana which enters 
the US, and also of the in- 
creasingly large shipments of 
cocaine reaching Europe. The 
marijuana is home-grown and 
the cocaine is processed in lab- 
oratories from coca paste 
brought in from Ecuador. 
Peru and Bolivia. 


The haul, cocked in plastic 
bags in the boot of a car which 
ooitcc stopped after a tip-off. 
confirmed the long-heic sus- 
picions of Colombia's anti- 
narco* ics squad that the 
nation ‘s drug “mafiosos" have 
made contact with heroin 
racketeers in south-east Asia's 
“Golden Triangle”. Their aim 
seems !o be to convert Colom- 
bia into 3 bridge for smuggling 
heroin into the United States 
and Europe. 


As the only South American 
country with coasts on the 
Pacific and the Caribbean- 
Atiantic. Colombia is in an 
ideal location to do just that, 
as its long involvement in the 
cocaine trade : ias underlined. 

It is estimated that Colom- 


With a sophisticated net- 
work of ships and planes, the 
Colombian racketeers are 
well-placed to add heroin to 
their illicit business and they 
have always shown a talent for 
diversifying. Most of them i 
started as ordinary smugglers. 
In the 1970s they made fantas- 
tic fortunes out of the “mari- 
juana bonanza”, when 
Colombia was the source of 
about 90 per cent of the 
marijuana entering the US. By 
the end of the decade they 
started to concentrate on co- 
caine with equal success. 

Last month a federal grand 
jury in Miami indicted Medel- 
lin dollar-billionaire Pablo 
Escobar Gavira and four oth- 
ers on charges of controlling 
up to 80 per cent of the world's 
cocaine trade. 


From Stephen Taylor 
Sydney 

Yesterday's dramatic 
surrender by the British 
Government of secret inf- 
ormation in the MI5 book 
trial, clears the way for a 
speedy end to proceedings 
which started more than a year 
ago and which have proved an 
accate embarrassment to 

W hitehall. 

But while this compromise 
saves some face for the 
Thatcher adnrimstratkm it 
leaves a lot of questions 
unanswered. 

in particular, it may be 
Inferred that either Sir Robert 
Armstrong, the Cabinet Sec- 
retary, deliberately misled the 
hearing, or that he was kept in 
the dark about die involve- 
ment of M15 and MI6 in the 
publication of secret informa- 
tion of which he ought to have 
been aware. 

Farther, while Whitehall 
has sought throaghoot to dis- 
miss the application for access 


Robert’s testimony and the 
feds. 

The most immediate result 
iff yesterday's deal Is that the 
issue of the secret documents 
win not go to the Appeal Court 
today and the hearing, rather 
ihan dragging on into next 
year, wfll probably aid with 
final submissions next week. 

Another consequence is that 
Sir Robert will not have to 
return to Sydney for further 
cross-examination. 

Under the deal, Mr Turn- 
bull- abandoned his rfaim 
to the documents in exchange 
for a summary of their 
contents. 

One sticking point, which 
involved intensive last-minute 
negotiations outside the court 
yesterday, concerns the details 
surrounding publication of 
Chapman Pincber’s book. 
Their Trade is Treachery. 

It has been a crucial element 
in the defence case that White- 
hall knew about - possibly 
encouraged — Mr Pincber's 
book, which first broached the 


Coke war 



to the papas as “a fishing suspicion that Sir Roger Hot- 
expedition” Mr Malcolm lis, former Director-General of 


Turnbull, Mr Peter Wright's MIS, had been a Soviet doable 
counsel, is satisfied that be agent. 


has landed evidence of “star- From the summary agreed 


ding differences” between Sir yesterday, it is evident that the 


Mr Torn boll: his moment of 
triumph 

two intelligence services knew 
that Mr Pmcha was writing 
the book fully two months 
before Sir Robert admitted in 
evidence — and that even at 
that early stage they had a 
synopsis of iL 

When the hearing started. 
Sir Robert — who sub- 
sequently admitted more than 
once misleading the court — 
said that he had first become 
aware of the existence of the 
book “about February 1981**. 

He was asked: “Did anyone 
else m the service of the 
Government know in fade 1980 


that Procter was writing the 
book about BdSs?” 

He replied: “Not to my 
knowledge.” 

However, the s umm ary of 
doemnents released yesterday 
shows that a letter from 
M36(D) to MI6, dated Decem- 
ber 15, 1980, “indicates that 
foe writer had been inform ed 
H»«i C hapma n Pincher in- 
tended to publish in February 
or March 1981, a book about 
the seenrity service, a synopsis 
of which was enclosed”. 

-The summary adds the 
following: “It was generally 
agreed in the seenrity and 
intelligence services that there 
wo old be no point in trying to 
enc ou rage specific deletions or 
changes m the text, but no 
reasons are expressed far this 
new.” 

It goes on: “The manuscript 
was first read in February 
1981 when if app eared that 
modi of the information in it 
had come from framer (mtelE- 
gence) officers.” 

Chi the question of why no 
action was taken to restrain 
publication, foe summary 
says: “By March 12, 1981 
several sources had been 
identified, but it was stated In 
writing by an officer of foe 


service to Sr Robot Arm- 
strong that the service was a 
long way from obtaining hard, 
■noble evidence on sources.” 

It adds: “Sir Robert Arm- 
strong and foe Home Office 
learned of the fact that 

tnfnrmflrirm nwlainwl in foe 

book would have come from 
former members of the sec- 
urity and intelligence services 
on or about February 12. 1981. 
The doemnents do not show 
when the Prime Minister or, 
foe Home Secretary learned of 
these mattes.” 

Oa the reasons why foe 
authorities took no steps to 
stop Mr Wright's television 
interview in July 1984, in 
which be first stated publicly 
his suspicions about Sir Roger 
Hollis, the summary says: 
“The new was expressed that, 
if a preview was refused, going 
for an infraction would un- 
doubtedly be a hard fight and 
If a preview was agreed foe 
Government could be put in 
the position of appearing to 
have approved it whether or 
not it asked for cats.” 

It was Mr Tnrnbnfl's mo- 
ment of triumph. 

The hearing is doe to re- 
smne on Monday for foe start 
of final snbmisshms. 


Atlanta (Reuter) 
Cola said it has sign 
million agreement 
and sell Coke more 
the Soviet Union, * 
arch-rival PiepswCol 
ready well establishes 


Coea- 
a $30 
bottle 
iely in 
ere its 
is al- 


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wmdd know they had done 
somethms ad venturous. 

As it was, they were not! 
alone. We were told that they 
were underground, under 
water, in total and 

had no air space above «*»*«*\ 
hot nobody told ns who was 
working the camera. There 


Since descending cut of the 
blue upon the Bush Theatre 
two years ago, Sharman 
Macdonald's immensely tal- 
ented comedy has 
into an award-winning prop- 
erty, and when such a piece 
makes the transit from fringe 
to West End there is no point 
in bewailing its absorption , VH . 

into the star system. r^ 1 

I regret the disappearance of 2jg 
Eleanor David and Celia 
Imrie, who brilliantly origi- 
nated Macdonald's two sex- 
ually inquisitive innocents. 

But their roles have now been » ingin When l Was A Girl, bin 
taken over by the equally its most important quality is 




& : * tf: 

Mr > $ i - 



gutsy partnership of Julie 
Walters and Geraldine 
JamesAiso, the show remains 
a Bush production; directed 


— ■ . uu. auuw lWliUlUD 

a production; directed 
w""* ^roold the shots of and designed, as before, by 

kSLSSSiJf t ^ lMtaaB SunonlSs»andRoffi>S 
_ and preserving the two other 
By this absurd omission, we membas of the first rag . 
!"» pteasme a- Sheila Reid and John Gordon 

ther of thinking that the Sinclair. 


^ ... _ 

Company notes: Geraldine Janies and JnBe Walters m When I Was a Girl I Used to Scream and Shout 
Vhen J Was A Gid, but When I Was A Girl takes Van masterfully taking the how women entrap and im- 
t important quality is place on a beach where Morag initiative. The comedy arises prison each other. But Fiona, 
Dtsoduced a new voice (Reid) has brought her an- as naturally as breathing, from unaccountably, lets her 
istakable as the early married daughter Fiona for a contrasts between Banners mother off the hook, 
if Edna O’Brien. Such nostalgic holiday. Morag has and what the girls call “dirt”. 1 uKpt Walters, tousle-b ai red 
are very rare; and some scores to settle with her So far as plot is concerned, ^ cheeky has some brisk 
ed with the sound of disappointing child; but no though, it leads up to the num arious arenments with 


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genuinely exciting — for if so 
bow could they have been 
filmed? — or of being !»!»■ 
into the programme makers* 


and preserving the two other 
members of the first cast, 
Sheila Reid and John Gordon 
Sinclair. 

I am s till not sure that the 
management have done the 
author a favour by catapulting 
the piece into the Whitehall as 
if it were an indestructible 


confidence and learning how it chunk of Ayckbourn. There is 
was «■*» some izreastfide comic wrfr- 


wasdane. 

On- Channel 4, Ken 
Mhx^ne coBtnmed his iwM 
and agreeably unsensatkmal 
series on The Mae EnJightem- 
mt at, “One mast beware of 
governments bearing gifts, or 
as Americans say, there are no 
free jimrbes* be smutd np 
at one stage. The point that 
governments cannot give to 
sperialmtErestgrm&s without 
taking from people at huge 
was well made, but the phrase 
“there are no free touches” 
struck its usual chill. 

1 hope these liberal econo- 
mists do not mean that tree 
liberality is impossible, even 
for individuals. Do they regaid 
the idea, of a free gift as a 

logical impossibility? QwH 

Professor Minogue ever be 
given hmek? 

Andrew Jimson 


Hey! Lntiam 

Riverside 


I Those apparently in the know 
I describe this as a cool play. 
They may be right about the 
com but are fer adrift in 
thinking ft a play. What Mark 
E Smith, ofthe pop group The 
Fall, han dome Is fit bis freest 
songs around incident s con- 
nected with the reign and 
surprise death of Pope John 
Paul L Albino Luciam as was. 
Pope for a month, his death is 
believed to have been greatly 
appreciated by those in con- 
trol of the Vatican funds. 

I give you these frets be- 
cause you will find none of 
them — and-predons few frets 
at all — in this 100-minute 
show. The opportunity is lost 


that it introduced a new voice 
as nnmimiahlff as the early 
novels of Edna O’Brien. Such 
voices are very tare; and 
compared with the sound of 
Macdonald evoking the secret 
games of a Scottish childhood 
it hardly mattered that the 
play was poorly constructed. 
Two years later, hauled in 
front of an audience all set to 
gufiaw its way through a 
daugb-riot about masturbation 
and Presbyterian hypocrisy, it 
does matter. A promising 
discovery now looks Eke a 
defective mechanism. 

to write a scorching attack on 
Catholic capitalist malarky, 
nhhniflfi the opening looked 
as if the show would do so. 

A strong number on two 
guitars with a Cardinal (Si- 
mon Woolstencroft) on 
percussion leads into the en- 
trance of Trevor Stuart in a 
simple white outfit, smiting 
benignly and looking remark- 
ably like the original 

Geraldine Malloy’s set is a 
perfect preparation with its 
cartoon Papal balcony and 
skewed arch at opposite cor- 
ners of the wide Riverside 
stage and a duster of rounded 
hills between. What villainous 


sooner does she start voicing moment when the 1 5-year-old 
them than Fiona’s memory' Fiona contrives a pregnancy 


takes possession of the stage. 
The play thereupon executes a 
vertical take-off into a high 
comic zone where childhood 
and adult life overlap a«d 
strike sparks off each other. 

The childless Fiona meets 
her profificaliy fertile old 
friend Van and bade they go 
to doctor’s surgery games with 

ballet audiences, who spins 
about in long blade shorn and 
breaths a few words about the 
priesthood. Enter a white- 
suited villain. Bishop 
Marrinln w in high hreik, Mar- 
tin Bonnann, Amazons in 
shin y black stretch tights an d a 
lot more disconnected stuff 

Jeremy Kingston 
TheBjjers 
Sunbird 

Lyric, Hammersmith 

Written and directed by South 
African Robert Kirby, The 


bishop, crooked financier or Bijers Sunbird i&]ess a piece of 
Mafia boss will pop out from d rama and more an attempt to 


behind one of these? 

Disappointingly, it is only 
Michael Clark, more used to 


examine differing white South 
African opposition to 
apartheid. 


so as to prevent her mother 
from remarrying. This occurs 
half-way through the play, 
whereupon its comic zest 
evaporates, leaving a glum 
second act which leaves a 
string of unanswered 
questions. 

Macdonald seems to have 
been setting up a story lo show 

Recently captured Afri- 
kaner terrorist Adam Boers is 
joined by fellow political de- 
tainee Nicholas Coates, a 
white, liberal trade unionist. 
Both are committed to the 
overthrow of the regime but 
polarized by their respective 
methods. 

In a series of scenes sepa- 
rated by passages from Badi, 
the two men trade suspicions 
and accusations. Coates 
claims that Byers has sold out 
to the government in ex- 
change for his life. Biuers 
discount s this, denegratingthe 
white liberal establishment as 
“professionally chaste”, afraid 
to dirty their hands. 

Coates, who once hero- 
worshipped Bijers, now 
adopts the lotus posture, con- 
vinced that negotiation is the 


prison each other. But Fiona, 
unaccountably, lets her 
mother off the hook. 

Julie Walters, tousle-baired 
and cheeky, has some brisk 
pugnacious arguments with 
God in the second act. but 
nothing to compare with her 
guilty games and giggles with 
James's Van who, in this 
production, appears from the 
start as a girl all set to be 
swamped in domesticity (the 
opposite of the original Kish 
performance). 


CONCERTS ( 

CBSO/Rattle 
Town Hall, 
Birmingham 

It was a severe, angular and 
strenuous Brahms that Simon 
Rattle offered last night in his 
performance of the Fourth 
Symphony. A Brahms seen, 
perhaps, more in the harsh 
tight of Webern's PassacagUa 
than through his own tele- 
scope of Bach and Beethoven. 
And in many respects it 
worked. 

The simultaneous duple 
and triple metres of the rest 
movement were maintained 
as muscled lines to generate a 
rhythmic tendon that moved 
the music forward in great 
arcs; and at the centre of this 
movement there was an un- 
marked but extraordinarily 
effective deceleration towards 
an almost Wagnerian black- 
ness in the sustained chords. 

Then again, the excellent 
ensemble playing of the Bir- 
mingham orchestra enabled 
Rattle to achieve a perfect 
engineering not only of such 
tempo changes but also of the 
music’s long dynamic grad- 
ations. 

What it also made possible 
was a lull bearing of the 
harmony. The long melody in 
the slow movement, beauti- 
fully sung by the cellos first 
time round, gained a proper 
submerged vagueness in its 
violin transformation, simply 
because for once all the under- 
lying parts were present at 


strength- The passacagiia 
theme of foe finale was simi- 
larly enriched, to become 
disquieting, as it should be, 
right from its second bar. 

However, it is hard to 
accept such a lack of plnshness 
in Biafams. RastiMy foe stark 
separation of wind and strings 
was a freak of foe Birmingham 
Town Hall acoustic, and win 
be ameliorated when this pro- 
gramme is repeated in the 
Barbican Hall this evening; 
but certainly Rattle ought to 
think about moderating his 
dose attention to the staccato 
and accentuation marks, 
particularly in the last two 
movements. 

The sebetzo, done at a 
rather deliberate tempo, could 
be hard-driven wifoont being 
almost Stravisskian, and 
some less exacting gestures 
might allow the finale to gain 
more flow and thereby more 
power. 

Rattle has long been totally 
at home with Sibelius, though, 
and the performance here of 
the Sixth Symphony — soon to . 
be recorded by this team — 
was outstanding in reatizixis 
the work's exceedingly odd 
way of starting each move- 
ment as if in foe middle and 
then working backwards to 
something like a useful 
opening. 

Between the symphonies 
there was a very fluent and 
often charming account of 
Mozart's C major concerto 
K.S03 from Stephen Bisbop- 
Kovacevich, though wit and 
surprise were heard more in 
the accompaniment 

Paul Griffiths 


Irving WardJe Tension and terror 


Goneril is not really evil, says Amur Massey — who’ll 
be playing her at the National Theatre from tonight — 
die just had the misfortune to have Lear for a father 

A woman of a 
certain rage 






key. He zeDsofbesting govern- , 
meat opposition to the 
construction of a black town- : 
ship garden by replanting it 1 
each finn- the armed patrols 
destroy it, until they finally 
leave foe blooms in peace. 

As portrayed (too self-con- 1 
stiooSty) by Sean Taylor, it is 
the essentially lonely Byers 
who reaches out to befriend 
Coates, offering tips about 
prison routine and revealing 
that his fighting days are over. 

Because the dialectic never 
develops beyond stating po- 
sitions, The Bijers Sunbird 
remains an unresolved 
intellectual argument. Kirby 
has not shaped his scenes into 
a play nor do the actors reach a 
level of emotional truth. 

Beth Porter 

PBUiLOMtaCB 



Usher/Cleopatre 
ChristChurch 
Spitalfields 

The Debussy/Edgar Allan Poe 
collection is tittle-known and 
even less exploited in public 
performance. Yet daring the 
nine years spent by the com- 
poser working on his libretto 
for a one-act opera. The Fall of 
the House of Usher, his nerves 
were “as tant as the strings of a 
violin". 

Something of that same 
tension was recreated in a 
most enterprising attempt by 
Peter Ash, conducting, and 
Francisco Negri n, producing, 
to piece together and stage the 
unfinished fragments from 
Juan Annende-Blin's compila- 
tion of the music and manu- 
scripts. There could hardly 
have been a better venue than 
the dank, shadowy space of 









Anna Massey is not com- 
monly associated with evil — 
still less with snooker. But 
then our foremost portrayer of 
that most elusive chameleon 
of nuance, from the insistently 
sexual to the discmbodiedly 
scatty — the woman of a 
certain age — is full of sur- 
prises. Tonight, at the 
National's Olivier Theatre, 
she is appearing as that cele- 
brated infamous sister who 
prompted her husband to 
declare that “Proper defor- 
mity shows not in the 
fiend / So horrid as ro 
woman.” 

In the months to come, 
many nights spent playing 
Goneril to Antbony Hopkmss 
Lear wilt be rounded off oy 
settling down to watch bow- 
tied men bent double to poke 
a ball, with a rootlessness 
almost as surgical as that 
which struck foe whites of 
Gloucester’s eyes. A long-time 
avid viewer of tennis on 

television, she became a devo- 
tee of snooker when she found 
that it was so often the only 
thing there was to watchafter 
returning from the theatre. _ 

Of course, Anna Massey has 

played women with a tout* of 
u « Mrc Danvers m 


Rebecca , before. Normally, 
however, her character’s 
experience evil as victims, 
most notably in her two most 
famous film appearances. In 
Hitchcock’s Frenzy she was 
strangled and dumped like — 
and with - a sack of potatoes. 
In Michael Powell's Peeping 
Tom — once reviled as a 
voyeuristic abomination, now 
rightly acclaimed by Scorsese 
and others as a brilliant work 
— she had foe misfortune to 
fell in love with a psycho- 
pathic cameraman who filmed 
women while spiking them to 
death with his tripod. 

Anna Massey, however, 
does not see Goneril and 

Regan as purely evfl; “The test 
is not to treat foe two asters as 
witches but to give them very 
strong clear motivation, 
which — if yon drive into foe 
text — you can find.” She also 
regards Goneril as “a victim, a 
terrible victim of being a child 
of Lear”. 

This understanding of me 
character is perhaps prompted 
by her relationship with her 
own father, the formidable 
actor Raymond Massey who 
was separated from her 
mother, Adriatme Allen, when 
Anna was a baby. Her en- 


of counters with her fetber^ 


ly, rare and awe-inspiring “I was 
r*s almost as frightened of him as 
ns, a Lear.” 

ist Apart from some radio 
In “work, this is her first 
ias Shakespearian mot since she 
— played Ophelia ^ rabominably” 
es. in rep. She has found the 
ng experience very enjoyable: 
a “Lear is probably the greatest 
jw tragedy ever written, but I 
se can't tell you how much fim 
irk we’ve had.” The director, 
to David Hare, has encouraged 
to- the cast to approach the play 
ed as an ensemble piece and with 
to the des igner Hayden Griffin 
seems to have come up with 
er, something erf a surprise the 
od setting and look of foe play — 
st Massey, however, would go no 
as further on that score than, 
ry saying that it was not the 
n, leather-look of Peter Brook’s 
he Lear nor anything to do with 
so furs. 

,a Hare is a director whom she 

ild greatly admires. “David cre- 
ates foe most wonderful at- 
he mosphere. It's very hard work 
ed but very entertaining and 
ter stimulating.” She is very 
vie entertaining and stimulating 
bo herselfr with a keen intelh- 
i er gence and sharp wit — even if, 
cn unlike Goneril, she has “never 
n- been able to pus” 
xe Though not formally well- 



V-- \ •W 


Christ Church Sphalfields, 
with its vieux mure; crumbling 
plaster work and lofty pillars. 
And there could hardly have 
been a better cast 

Henry Heifonf s Roderick 
was a physical and linguistic 
tour de force of obsessive fear 
in his love for his deranged 
twin sister Madeline (Helen 
Chamock); Robert Dean was 
the very model of a 
Rathbonian M&decin, playing 
offRudolph Piemay’s stalwart 
Ami. 

Negrin’s production, in its 
paring and spare, minutely 
observed body movement, 
played brilliantly with d- 
alogue, silence and space, just 
as the Downshire Flayers of 
London made the most of the 
low woodwind writing and 
string harmonics, the cobweb 
cymbals and thudding tim- 
pani pulse. 

Hilary Finch 


1 . during foe evening foe effect is 
DANCE I subverted by the condition of 

1 the men’s shoes and by retain- 
ing the modern-dance etiefag- 

Arc Dance of bare feci for foe women. 

Brandstrup includes a few. 
company quotations from NijinskTs 

The Place Choreography in his dances as 

a hint to the knowing; that 
irim helps make dear what might 

otherwise seem a conihsmg 
crefot for trying to lire flood sequence of action. 
modem music as the basis of . - 

his Amofts, even though the But this is, in the end, only a 





most successful work of the 
four he showed at The Place 
last night was the slightest. 

This was I Want, I Want, a 
six-minute dance for three 
people to music by Talking 
Heads, in which Cathy Bulge 
eventually succeeded in re- 
placing Concha de Izaca as the 
incubus around Ron Howell’s 
neck. 

The most ambitious piece 


superficial response to 
Stravinsky's profound music, 
played from a recording which 
sounded as if it could be 
Ansennet’s. 

There was another Stravin- 
sky score in foe programme, 
the concert suite from The 
Soldiefs Tale, used as the 
basis of a markedly e n igmatic 
narrative, with some extra. 
characters from the usual 


was a treatment of Les Noces versiom 
for seven dancers. Brandstrup More successful was 
has manag ad to make a very Stardoom, meant as a tribute 
due package of it and in spite to the Hollywood choreog- 


of limited resources he pro- 
vides some kind of parallel to 


rapher Jade Cole and per- 
formed to music by Charles 


foe original libretto, even if Mingus, plus some meaning- 
both partners to the marriage ful pauses between numbers. 


Armchair spectator away from the theatre, Aana Massey takes her cue from snooker 


/heart*. 






UlnmistakabW/ 

Make her day 


educated she is very widely 
read. When we spokeshe was 
on the point — rehearsals and 
the snooker notwithstanding 
— of finishing Proust. Her 
quickness, she admits, does 
result in a cert ai n impatience. 
She does, however, seem to 
have more patience with 
directors than some of her 
profession. 

She greatly enjoyed working 
with Hitchcock, whom she 
found a charming “cuddly- 
bear” despite him asking her 
to pad her brassiere and 
insisting on using a body 
double for the mide scenes. 
Working for Powell, though, 
seems to have been less enjoy- 
able. She had given birth ro 
her son not long before shoot- 
ing began and feinted on the 
set while filming the terrifying 
denouement during which she 
discovers that her boyfriend’s 


i3Sm> 


TOM CONTI 


home movies are not so 
homely. 

With her family back- 
ground, it is no surprise that 
Massey became an actor. She 
began acting at 17 — before her 
brother Daniel “I thought the 
decision had been somewhat 
thrust on me by my environ- 
ment. I left school utterly Hi- 
equipped for decision- 
making. 

“When I gor to my late 
twenties and early thirties I 
got fois terrible depression 
when I thought I didn't really 
want to act But then I realized 
that quite honestly I wasn't 
equipped to do anything else, 
so I had might as well shut up 
and get on with it” 

Thankfully for our enjoy- 
ment she has been getting on 
with it happily ever since, 
whether as an award-winning 
Mis Prism in the National 
production of The Importance 
qf Being Ernest, or as Gwen 
John in Elaine Morgan’s mov- 
ing television study of the 
painter, or as Edith Hope in 
the BBC's production of Anita 
Broofcnert Hotel Du Lac, a 


project she helped to set up. 

One advantage, she says, in 
working in the theatre, rather 
tha n in televirion or film, is 
that she’s not able to see 
herself perform. “It’s agony 
having to fece up to what you 
look like and sound like.” She 
a Iso likes working with an 
audience. “Actors and sports- 
men have to embrace the 
audience or the spectators. 
You’ve got to like them.” The 
problem with McEnroe, she 
explains is that unlike Leconte 
or “Goggles” — as she calls 
Dennis Taylor — he resents 
the people watching him. 

Very few people resent 
watching Anna Massey, but it 
wDI be interesting to observe 
the reaction of the audience 
now that she plays a character , 
opposed to a poor Tom rather 1 
than peeping one. She says 
that in comedy the best perfor- 
mance does not always get the . 
most laughs. Her Goneril 
might not get laughs bat it is 
likely to get a little more I 
sympathy mid understanding. , 

Andrew Hislop 


have to make do with the one 
set of parents. 

Putting the dancers in eve- 
ning dress (white ties for the 
men) adds to the glamour, 
although here and elsewhere 


Like Brandstrup’s other 
works, it showed an ambition 
beyond his ability, but that is 
better than its opposite. 

John Pereira! 


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14 


T HF TTMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 1 1 1986 

SPECTRUM 



Outsider 
first at 
the post 


ITHE TIMESI 


PROFILE 


BHADRA RANCHOD 


P rofessor Bhadra Randiod 
gave a tea party on Sat- 
urday to say farewell to 
friends and colleagues be- 
fore taking up his post as 
South Africa’s Ambassador 
Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 
to the European Community in 
Brussels. 

It was a rather grand affair, in the 
Grill Room of the Royal Hotel 
where, in the not-so-distant past. 
Professor Ranchod suffered the 
humiliation of being ejected from a 
restaurant because of his colour. 

The American and British con- 
suls were there, as were colleagues 
from the academic world - Profes- 
sor Ranchod occupies the chair of 
private law at the University of 
Durban-Westville in Natal. But it 
was mainly an occasion for Indian 
friends of Dr Ranchod and his 
attractive wife, Vibha, to say 
goodbye to a local son made good. 
As the cucumber sandwiches and 
chocolate cakes circulated, 
guests extolled the qualities of the 
first non-white to represent the 
country as an ambassador. 

Since Professor Ranchod’s 
appointment was announced in 
September, the government has 
also appointed Dr Frank Quint, a 
mixed-race (coloured) member of 
the President’s Council, a multi- 
racial advisory body as Ambas- 
sador to the Netherlands. 

It was only in 1982 that Pretoria 


sent its first non-white diplomat 
abroad at any level. Now, in 
addition to the two ambassadors, 
there are two Indian* and a 
coloured serving in South Africa 
House in London, an Indian in 
Canberra and a coloured in Ot- 
tawa. But no diplomat has been 
recruited from South Africa's 
blacks, who comprise 72 percent of 
the population. 

Many younger Indians say 
Professor Ranchod's acceptance of 
the Brussels post has made him as 
much of a “collaborator” as the 
coloured and Indian members of 
parliament. He has been burnt in 
effigy on the mainiy-Indian cam- 
pus of Durban-Westville, and de- 
nounced by the Indian congresses 
of Transvaal and Natal, which are 
affiliates of the United Democratic 
Front, the broad multi-racial alli- 
ance of anti-apartheid organiza- 
tions regarded as the most radical 
above-ground opposition to the 
government 

However, many older Indians 
see the appointment as an honour 
for a community which, although 
relatively privileged in South 
Africa’s finely calibrated racial 
hierarchy, suffers from a slight 
identity problem — resented by the 
black majority as “fat cats” (though 
many are, in fact, very poor), yet 
not wholly accepted by whites and 
subject to many of the indignities 
of apartheid. 



BIOGRAPHYI 


1944: Bom Port PBrahefo. one 
of nine children. 

1969: Law degree. University 
of Cape Town. 

1572: Doctorate of Law, 

Leiden University, HoBand. 
Research at Queen's 
Coflege, Cambridge, fix 
thesis on South African 
law of defamation. 

1973: Advocate of Supreme 


Court, Cape Province. 

1574: Chair in Private Law, 
Durban-Westville University. 

1976-75: Dean of Faculty of 
Law. 

1880-81: Vising Scholar, 

Columbia Law School. Guest 
lecturer Harvard, Yale. 
Princeton, Pennsylvania; and 
Edinburgh, Aberdeen, 
Glasgow. London. 


Delicate mission: South Africa’s first non-white ambassador steps in 


The Indian community, about 
900,000 people or 2.8 per cent of 
the population, was not recognized 
as a permanent part of the Sooth 
African population until 1961. 
Previously, repatriation to India 
had been the policy of die ruling 
National Party, and is still fa- 
voured by its extreme right-wing 
offshoot, the Herstigte Nasionale 
Party. 

The slightly less fanatical 
Conservative Party would allow 
Indians to stay in South Africa, but 
would confine them to a “reserve” 
or “homeland”, similar to the areas 
set aside for the black tribal groups. 

Most ambassadors find them- 
selves at odds with their own 
governments occasionally, but 


there can be few in Professor 
Ranchod’s position * repr ese ntin g 
a government under which, on 
grounds of skin colour alone, be 
can neither vote for nor belong to 
the ruling party; subject to laws 
that require him to seek a permit if 
he wants to live in a white area; 
scorned by many oflris own people 
as a government stooge. Why 
accept such a poisoned chalice ? 

“South Africa is a country in a 
state of transition,” Professor 
Ranchod, a small, softly-spoken 
man, said when I spoke to him on 
the eve of his departure. “I have 
been offered an opportunity to 
assess the prospect of effecting 
change in South Africa with the co- 
operation of those countries with 


which we have our closest cultural, 
political and economic links.” He 
offered a historical parallel: “At the 
time that inHbi was son under 
British nrie there were Indians who 
served in various capacities.” 

We were ta firing in his Durban 
hold room as his wife and their 
two small daughters, Rim anrf 
Priya, clattered about in a last- 
minute frenzy of packing: *T do not 
see it as my task to sell the 
government's policy. I certainly 
-have no intention of 
apartheid. I think all apartheid 
laws must go.” 

Professor Ranchod believes, 
with some passion, that European 
governments best help to 
promote tinman ri g ht s and politi- 
cal change in South Africa by 
remaining economically involved 
in the country. He think* there is 
just a chance that EEC govern- 
ments, businessmen and opinion 
formers, w31 be more impressed if 
they hear this from a brown face. 

“If we are to move towards equal 
opp o rtunity in South Africa, we 
need a massive inflow of capital to 
reduce the enormous backlog of 
under-development that has accu- 
mulated over the years. If most of 
the people are unemployed and 
have no hope for the mure, the 
conflict will be heightened, which 
in turn wQl increase foe unwilling- 
ness of those who have power to 
share it.” 

Dr Ranchod goes to Brussels at a 
time when the Pretoria govern- 
ment, after a more outward-look- 
ing phase, has retreated into the 
laager and seems to be drawing the 
wagons into an ever-tighter circle. 
Only days before his departure, 
Pretoria shot down what had 
looked like one of the more 
promising political initiatives — 
the proposal by a multiracial 
constitutional conference, or in- 
data, for a multi-racial, one-man, 
one-vote, provincial governm ent 
in Natal. “I hope if s not their last 
word on foe subject”, said Dr 
Ranchod. 

“There are those who say that 


you can’t solve South Africa’s 
problems piecemeal But if there 
isn’t a final blueprint available or 
practicable, then I think you have 
to keep chipping away. Those 
regions where people are prepared 
to live together and enjoy equal 
rights should be allowed to go their 
own way. I was attracted particu- 
larly by the indaba's proposal for a 
bill of rights.” 

Dr Ranchod's grandfather came 
to South Africa from Gujerat in 
1910. and settled as a trader in Port 

Elizabeth. He was part of the wave 
of Indian immig ration that began 
around I960 and ended in 1913, 
when the entry of any new im- 
migrants other than the wives and 
children of those Indians already 
settled in South Africa was 
prohibited. 

Most of the early Indian settlers 
were recruited from southern India 
to work as contract labourers on 
the Natal sugar plantations, rail- 
ways and oral mint-c After five 
years they were free to hire out 
their services on the labour marker 

T he Ranchods were among 
the later group of middie- 
dass immigrants, some- 
times called “passenger 
Indians”, who were 
mostly Muslims from Gujerat 
(though the Ranchods are Hindus) 
and who came to South Africa 
independently, to trade. The family 
of Dr Ranc hod's wife also came 
from Gujerat, from the coastal 
town of Forbandar, the birthplace 
of Mahatma Gandhi to whom she 
is related . through her 
grandmother. 

Gandhi spent 21 years in South 
Africa as a young lawyer, cam- 
paigning for Indian rights, before 
he returned to India to take on the 
British Rgj with notably more 
success. Dr Ranchod will need all 
the Mahatma" * legendary patience 
and negotiating skill* tfhe is tn Turn 

die anti-South African tide while 
he is in Brossels. 

Michael Hornsby 


CjOing. tyC * ; 
going, 
where? 

A unique English 
medieval jewel 
will be auctioned 



today. Can it be 
kept in Britain? 


A gold locket dating from 
Richard Ill's tune, and farad 
last year near a castle whim 
belonged to him, goes under 
the hammer at Sotheby's 
today. Experts on medieval 
jewellery hare described the 
Middlefaam Jewel as one of 
the most important examples 
of medieval goldsmith's work 
to hare survived- But they 
fear it may be sold abroad. 

Efforts are under way to 
prevent this, but if a British 
buyer fails to secure it at 
auction (the estimated price fa 
between £ 200,000 and, a 
£ 300,000), museums in this 
counfry might find it hard to 
irmirh its price, which they 
would have to do to prevent 
the issue of an export licence. 

Financial incentives exist 
to encourage owners to offer 
treasures of this kind to 



CONCISE CROSSWORD NO 1 129 


ACROSS 
1 Rounded (ti) 

4 Frail (6) 

9 Wart (7) 

19 Light wood (5) 

11 Ops (4) 

12 Diminish (7) 

14 Large Ionics (I I) 

18 Outdo (7) 

19 Large oven (4) 

22 Bile organ (5) 

24 Superv is e (7) 

25 Tune (6) 

26 Intoenor(6) 


DOWN 

1 Write up lavishly (4) 

2 Small lamp (5) 

3 Nerve pain (9) 

5 Flow back (3) 

6 Stabilizing weight (7) 

7 Ordains (6) 

8 Mythological evil 

asket(83) 



With crucial Westland figures out today, Peter Davenport looks at the helicopter company’s future 

A prayer for upward mobility 


II Indian rule (3) 

13 Unappreciated (9) 

15 Untangle (7) 

16 Religious offence (3) 


17 Shelter (6) 

20 Also-ran (5) 

21 Be dependent (4) 
23 Pole (3) 


casket (t 

SOLUTION TO NO 1128 

ACROSS 1 Stultify 5 Grab 9L_. 

12 Nudes 13 Loony 15 Sonar 16! 

21 Obelisk 23 Ever 24 Escugot 
DOWN: 1 Soften 2 Unburden 3 Tar 4 F ren ch windows 6 Red: 

7 Bmany JBSaiUery II Estrange 14 Obliging ISSaignt 17 Casket 
19 Pine 22 Era 


10 Cheat 11 Excel 
18 Annoy 20 Going 


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ABcb. Martin Particular Friendships 
AArr. 79pp. £1.93. 0 571 14337 X. 17/11/90. 

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After. 69pp. £3.95/Cai09.93. 0 571 14584 1. 17/11/86. 
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In foe centre of the vast 
erecting shop at the Westland 
factory at Yeovil in Somerset, 
helicopter PP1 is still in her 
pale yellow primer paint, sur- 
rounded by scaffolding and 
swanned over by men with 
drills, files and bundles of 
blueprints. Her maiden flight 
is due next May, with an 
appearance al the Paris Air 
Show the following month. 

Eric Newsfaam, one of the 
foremen in charge of the team 
working to produce the first of 
the new EH101 models, is 
celebrating his thirtieth year 
with the company, foe last of 
them the most traumatic. 
“Everyone here knows what 
this helicopter means to the 
company”, be says. “We are 
all praying for its success. 
Afterau we have been through 
in the last year we feel now 
that we are about to do 
something. The future 
on foe success of this 
The long term prospects for 
Westland helicopters may in- 
deed look rosy. Up to 800 
orders worldwide, valued at 
around £8 billion, are ex- 
pected for the EH 1 01, devel- 
oped jointly with the Italian 
firm Agusta. Bot there are 
serious short-term problems 
which threaten further tur- 
moil, more redundancies and, 

at worst, the veiy 

ability of the di- 
vision to survive 
as an indigenous 
rifigg n and manu- 
facturing 
company. 

Throughout last 
winter and spring 
the affairs of West- 
land dominated 
foe headlines. The financial 
reconstruction necessary to 
rescue the company from the 
brink of receivership devel- 
oped into a political con- 
troversy that claimed the 
front-bench careers of two 
Cabinet ministers, leaving the 
Government bruised and the 
workforce bewildered. 

Today the company’s first 
foil financial results since foe 
link-up with United Technol- 
ogies Corporation of the 
United States and Fiat of Italy 
will be revealed. In his interim 
report in June, the chairman. 
Sir John Cuckney, predicted 
that the trends would continue 
to improve. 

Westland is at pains to 
emphasize that the company 
consists of four divisions, 
which include successful aero- 
space and technology con- 
cerns, and tliat the 
reconstruction plan was 
aimed at diversifying the 
industrial base. 

But the problems For foe 
helicopter drvison, which em- 
ploys about 6,400 of the 
10,500 Westland workforce, 
will come at the end of next 
year when existing order 
books dry up. There will be a 
three-year delay before the 
expected order from the Min- 
of Defence for more than 
125 EH1Q1 helicopters worth 
around £600 milli on. 


¥■ 


‘Future is 
hinged on 
the success 
of one 
aircraft 9 


To fill the gap, the company 
needs the MoD to place orders 
either for the Sikorsky Black 
Hawk, which ft is allowed to 
manufacture under the UTC 
deal, as a replacement for the 
RAFs ageing fleet of Wessex 
machines, or to bring forward 
the date for supply of the 
EH 10 1. The first Black Hawk 
from the United Slates is 
being assembled at Yeovil and 
will be used as a demonstrator 
but there are no definite 
orders yet 

There is a filling that if the 
Government is intent on 
treating Westland as a purely 
private sector firm then West- 
land does not intend to bank- 
roll an ordering policy which 
does it no favours; in short it 
will not use funds to endlessly 
prop up a manufacturing di- 
vision merely in the expecta- 
tion of eventual oidms when it 
is firmly confident that ft can 
make a financial success in its 
other fields. 

Mr Donald Benington, 
managing director of the 
Westland helicopter division, 
hopes that significant orders 
can be found, either from the 
Ministry of Defence or the 
export markets, to cany the 
company through the produc- 
tion gap. Ideally he would like 
orders that could be activated 
quickly without 
extensive develop- 
ment programmes. 
A government de- 
cision to buy the 
Black Hawk, or the 
company’s Lynx 3 
model, would fit 

the bin. The added 
benefit of a min- 
istry order would 
encourage the export 
of the chosen 


Graham Wood 



Golden: the Middle bam Jewel 

British collections by “private 
treaty” but the jewel is owned 
by its three finders and the 
owner of the land, and unless 
joint owners all agree to it, 
private treaty sale is 
impossible. 

“It should be In a British 
national collection, without 
doubt,” says Mr Ronald 
Lightbowu, Keeper of Metal- 
work at the Victoria and 
Albert Museum. “Together 
with the Dunstable swan- 
badge in the British Museum 
it is die most important of 
English medieval jewels”. 

About the size of a 
matchbox, the locket Is deli- 
cately engraved with a nativ- 
ity scoie on one side and die 
trinity on the other, with a 
border of saints and a ring at 
the top for a chain. It carries 
an inscription which is partly 
a line from the Latin Mass, 
partly a spell in garbled dog- 
Greek. A bulging kingfisher- 
bine sapphire fa fixed to one 
side, as bright as ever after 
500 years in the dark. 

The jewel was discovered a 
year ago near Middleham 
Castle, Yorkshire, by Mr Ted 
Seaton, hunting with two 
friends for treasure with a 
metal detector. 

“It was a very bad day, and 
they had decided to give up,” 
says Mrs Vera Seaton, the 
finder’s wife. “When he found 
it he thought it was just a 
lady's compact and threw it 
into the bag of bits of rubbish. 

’While he was getting off 
bis wet dotbes, I threw tiw 
stuff into a bucket of water to 
steep. This came 19 bright 
and beautiful as soon as I 
washed ft.” 


On tiie jme: Westland bon Donald Ba rrin g ton , hoping move enters will hud in his lap 


be to 
potential 
machine. 

It is emphasized that there 
is no prospect of another 
Westland financial crisis. Re- 
ports that the Government 
was considering an approach 
to British Aerospace to take 
over the troubled helicopter 
and support divisions to cany 
ft over the lean period until 
the 1990s were ridiculed by Sir 
John Cuckney. 

Bot Westland's workers are 
worried that a lack of orders 
from the end of next year 
could force the company to 
make substantial redun- 
dancies among a highly- 
trained and specialized 
workforce, leaving it in no 
position to take up the ex- 
pected orders for foe EH101. 

Hugh Stewart, group chief 
executive, says: “we are now 
more optimistic and more 
aggressive in tackling our 
problems. There is a real 
cutting edge in the place but ft 
is true that there is a pocket 
within the helicopter division 
where there is real concern 
about job prospects. 

“We are not misleading the 
men. They know we are 
fi ghting hard, but in their 
tiroes yon would expect them 
to show concern. What we 
need are orders and foe sooner 
the better.” 


George HiD 


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S T R E T C H E 5 TO UR POUND 












THE TIMES THU RSDAY DECEMBER 11 1986 



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T** ’-s/ ft. 


it or not: Adam and Eve to bent spoons 


:::rx 

-V ; S:. 

■*S= J . 


^ : - ,V, K eliefs come in several 

■ M varieties. There are the 
, . I rational or scientific, 

.. . 9 » believed because there 

t g, M are grounds for ihink- 

- ~ - : ;X* , 'ng that they may be 

Vaj • ' tnie; such as that grass is green, or 
7 ' Ss « N iC! a * r contains 21 per cent of oxygen. 
L-- 5 ljv' There are the technological, be^ 
-•7T7 '^o 1{' heved because they “work": such 
that holding your hands under 
tae te P lon E enough makes the 
■■-•i’loN wate . r mn hot There are the 
fashionable or sectarian, believed 
/S? as a marie of tribal solidarity, like 
-r,U t * ,e of innumerable reli- 

Sious sects and political 
‘ ideologies. And there are the 

j personally comforting, like belief 
~ 7 ’ in lucky charms or Father 
. &• Christmas. 

All the books in this review 
: .ies concern belief at its various levels. 

Dawkins’s The Blind Watchmaker 
--isL 5 defends belief in the Darw inian 

- ■ theory of evolution, which these 

“• days is quite unpopular in non- 

i.% scientific circles. More than half of 
American university students ac- 
ir’ *«; cept the story of Adam and Eve, 

• - 7. would you believe; and caring left- 

iinftl 'ving ideologues have it in for 
. 7 - Darwin to a man. After all, his 
;; theory holds that people differ 

from one another! Worse, the 
. - ./*; differences give some people an 

• J .* unfair advantage over others, and 

these advantages can be inherited 
" ct, by their children - in flat conira- 
diction to the requirements of 
i equality, social justice, and the 
abolition of hereditary privilege. 
Such a wicked theory cannot 
possibly be true, or if it is it 
shouldn’t be. 

Dawkins takes this Darwinian 
mechanism, the inheritance of 
small mutational variations each 
of immediate value to its owner, 
and proceeds to demonstrate that 




l 1 1 . r ■ 


tv 


•W%£.. 


^ JET 





fUS=£ • 


T 






David Jones on 
the science and 
pseudo-science 
to please or 
to pull legs in 
Xmas stockings 

THE BLIND 
WATCHMAKER 
By Richard Dawkins 

Longman, £12.95 


it (and it alone) is competent to 
explain the enormous diversity of 
living things in all their extremes 
of complexity and specialization. 
It is brilliant exposition, tightly 
argued but kept readable by 
plentiful recourse to analogies and 
examples. 1 particularly liked the 
account of the African widow- 
bird, the male of which sports a 
huge tail “like an aeroplane with a 
long advertising streamer”. In- 
deed, that’s just what it is. A self- 
fuelling sexual-selection 
mechanism has trapped the males 
into elaborating this unwieldy sign 
of their masculinity, and the 
females into desiring it 
The Blind Watchmaker shows 
what a convincing scientific argu- 
ment looks like: it is popular 
science at its best An invigorating 
minor theme is provided by the 
sideswipes that Dawkins mads 
out to creationists, erring col- 
leagues, misguided interlopers 
from other sciences, and the 
media that gleefully misreport 
their muddlebeaded m usings. 
Highly recommended. 


• The Monkey Gland Affair, by 
David Hamilton 

(Chatto & Windus. £11.95) re- 
counts the story of a technological 
belief, generously laced with wish- 
ful thinking. In the early years of 
this century, it seemed likely that 
the waning vigour of elderly men 
was due to the declining function- 
ing of their testicles, arm might be 
reversed by implanting new ones. 
Human donors, however, could 
not be expected to volunteer in 
profusion. Hence The Monkey 
Gland Affair. 

The chief exponent of this 
operation was the Russian-French 
surgeon Serge Voronoff. His do- 
nors were poor young chimpan- 
zees; his recipients wealthy elderly 
men. Dozens of patients clam- 
oured to be rejuvenated, and 
Voronoff became famous. His 
high point was perhaps 1925, 
when he rejuvenated the ageing 
premier of Turkey. For the opera- 
tion worked! Voronoffs clients 
regularly reported renewed energy 
and sexual enthusiasm, and sever- 
al other surgeons took up his 
methods. Yet it was all nonsense. 
Slowly it became dear that testicu- 
lar hormones have no rejuvenat- 
ing power, and animal transplants 
are always immediately rejected, 
leaving only scar tissue. All con- 
cerned were deceiving themselves. 

Hamilton tells the story in 
careful detail, resisting the tempta- 
tion to play it for laughs. Self- 
delusion is an ever-present hazard 
in medicine, which characteristi- 
cally advances by trial and error 
well ahead of coherent theory. The 
only v illain of the piece is an 
amazing quack, J.R. Brinkley, 
who took over the small town of 
Milford in Kansas with a goat- 
testicle transplant hospital and 
founded a radio-station to spread 


his fame. When the regulatory 
authorities at Iasi began to catch 
up with him, many of his diems 
rallied to his defence! The whole 
story is a testimonial to that curse 
and blessing of ail medicine, the 
placebo effect. 

• The Geller Effect, by Uri GeDer 
and Guy Lyon Playfair (Cape, 
£10.95) is also permeated with 
wishful thinking. It's Geller's own 
account of his career since 1976. 
He swans around the world leav- 
ing a trail of distorted cutlery, 
hobnobbing with the high and 
mighty, psychically stopping and 
starting assorted mechanisms, and 
receiving vast sums from military 
and industrial figures for various 
occult services. He writes with an 


artlessness and touching confi- 
dence that the slightest coinci- 
dence in his affairs is evidence of 
psychic Forces. 

But behind this confidence. 
Geller is oddly evasive. He de- 
clines to pit his powers against 
laboratory tests tight enough to 
preclude cheating. He is remark- 
ably incurious about whether 
those who paid him to locate gold 
or oil or hidden tunnels actually 
found anything where he tola 


them to dig The one convincing 
non-laboratory test — the ability 
consistently to win money in 
games of chance or prediction run 
by professional gambling estab- 
lishments - he gave up after one 
success, and threw away the 
evidence. 

Geller's powers are enthusiasti- 
cally supported by Lyon Playfair, 
who also has little notion of what 
counts as proof or evidence or 
probability. His main aigument is 






the need for magic in the modem 
world, and the masses of eager 
fans who have welcomed the 
occult into their lives as a result of 
Geller’s career. So what that 
Geller is an accomplished stage 
conjuror? So what that he needs to 
generate a distracting level of 
chaos and confusion before his 
psychic powers can work? So what 
that James Randi, scourge of the 
psychics, can replicate the whole 
Geller repertoire by standard con- 
juring methods? 

Astral projectionists, pyramid- 
power freaks, flying sauce rers, 
astrologists, mumbo-jumbo 
freaks, and .more than half of 
.American university students will 
welcome this additional collection 
of nice things to believe. The rest 
of us may prefer to ask Father 
Christmas for something else. 








George Tremlett, now settled 
in Laugharne and running an 
antiquarian bookshop there, 
has for years been urging 
Caitlin Thomas to write the 
full story of her life with 
Dylan. Now married to 
Giuseppe Fazio and living in 
Catania, her Leftover Life to 
Kill (1957) was a great disap- 
pointment; for 30 years since 
his death in 1955 she has 
refused to discuss their mar- 
riage with any of his many 
biographers. In 1984 she 
changed her mind and allowed 
Tremlett to record 50 hours of 
interviews. He has now re- 
arranged and edited the quar- 
ter of a million words into the 
85,000 words of this book, 
agreed by Caitlin line by line. 
The result is a remarkable 
book: brutally frank and often 
painfully revealing, which 
makes all other biographies of 
the great and gifted poet out of 
date. 

Here, at last, we have 
Caitiin's account of those 
tumultuous 27 years from 
1936 to 1953. It is a story of 
two desperately unhappy peo- 
ple seeking for a happiness 
they never found, always pro- 
testing they loved each other, 
but living out a love-hate 
relationship which was ap- 
proaching final breaking point 
before Dylan’s fourth Ameri- 
can tour and tragic death. It is 
a tale of passion and tender- 
ness. lechery and lying, drunk- 
enness and debauchery, 
infidelities and infelicities, 
quarrels and cruelties. Caitlin 
is explicit in recording her 
love life: raped by Augustus 
John, in love with his son 
Caspar, she declares that she 
never had an orgasm in all her 
years with Dylan. “That lies at 
the heart of our problems. 


lonoonERS 


'A century from 




document worthy 



not to miss. 
remember no book 


Peter Lev* 

£12.95 (hardcover) 
£&95 (softcoverf 
Sklgwidc & Jackson 


Lives of 
our time 
in print 

Glyn Daniel 

CAITLIN 
A Waning Absence 

By Caitlin Thomas with 
George Tremlett 

(Seeker & Warburg. £20.95) 


she writes, “our lives were 
raw, red, bleeding meat” Yet 
there are, mercifully, mo- 
ments of comedy in the trage- 
dy of errors: Caitiin’s account 
of her one night non-stand 
with William Glock in a 
Cardiff hotel is unbelievably 
funny. 

How was it that Dylan, this 
weak, feckless, callous, insen- 
sitive, impecunious sot, wrote 
some of the great poems of the 
century, and the incomparable 
Under Milk Wood? Because 
Dylan Thomas was a genius, 
and the grandeur and power of 
that genius transcended the 
sordidness of his life, recount- 
ed here with bitter sweet 
memories of the love and hate 
that he and Caitlin endured 
for so surprisingly long. 

• The Old School by Simon 
Raven (Hamish Hamilton. 
£12.50). Simon Raven has 
already written much about 
English public schools in his 
novels and in his book of 
memoirs. Shadows on the 
Grass', and we turned eagerly 
to his The Old School, because 
he always writes with wit and 
candour, but were disappoint- 
ed. Admittedly the sub-title of 
the book is “A study in the 
oddities of the English Public 
School system"; but, instead 
of a reasoned and historical 
account of the development of 
ihe svstem and an analysis of 
its good and bad points, we are 
given pictures of individual 
schools through the ey« of 
himself, his father his Unde 
Leo, and many friends and 
acquaintances. Everything is 
fact, he says, “but from love of 
disapproval earned at school 
the quick and fear of the dead 


I have redeployed some facts 
and draped others in the 
camouflage of discretion.” 
Many of the vignettes arc of 
well-known types — almost 
cardboard stereotypes — and 
often far less amusing than the 
totally unreal types portrayed 
at St Jim's in The Gem and 
Greyfriars in The Magnet, 
such as Tom Merry, Harry 
Wharton, Bob Cherry, Frank 
Nugent, and Billy Burner. 
Uncle Leo is the most credible 
and interesting figure, telling 
of the politics of school suc- 
cess. the petty rivalries that 
continue into later life, the 
that can never be shaken of£ 
and painting a picture of a 
world in which juvenile ho- 
mosexuality is rife and a 
pretty boy is referred to as “a 
much coveted blond” or “the 
house tart” 

Raven is outspoken and 
interesting about Roman 
Catholic public schools where, 
he says, the only two things 
that really matter are the 
Gilbolic Faith and Chastity. 
The Catholic Church holds as 
sinful any sexual act (even 
within wedlock) which is not 


Used royals: 
Fergie fever 


IT- 1 JW- 




A KNIGHT WITH THE 

SPARKLE VIRGIN 

AMEWC OUgTONOFPKMSfiy 

•MAGES OF LIFE ABB DEATH- 

-asassr 



l m < u i 


specifically directed towards 
propagation. “Masturbalory 
or homosexual amusements, 
of however mild a land", 
writes Raven “are therefore 
doubly damned: they are all 
by definition, both extra-mari- 
tal and sterile.” He says that 
Catholics in Church of Eng- 
land schools were regarded in 
his day as “mildly repulsive 
oddities”, whom nobody 
knowingly tried to seduce “for 
fear of priest trouble" which 
“the laxer and more lascivious 
RCs strongly resented.” 

But already the Old School 
is out of date. Some Local 
Education Authorities are, we 
are told, recommending the 
legitimate practices of gays 
and lesbians as normal, and 
according to The Good 
Schools Guide, published by 
Harpers and Queen, some 
boys’ boarding schools ask 
girls to go on the pill before 
joining their sixth forms. 
What, I wonder, does the 
time-honoured phrase “ex- 
pelled for the usual reason” 
mean? Probably, alas. 


drugs. 


In her mack publicized book 
Princess Michael has pro- 
duced a perfectly competent 
history of the eight princesses 
she chose, all of whom are 
linked at the front in an 
ingenious family tree. She 
concentrated on the aspects of 
these royal tidies' lives that 
particularly interested her, 
telling ns: “I have deliberately 
tried to ignore politics and 
concentrate on the lighter ride 
of their fives.” 

We have already been in- 
formed how strictly die Prin- 
cess has adhered to her 
primary somces. However, she 
has not relied on just one, hot 
many. In the preface to Large- 
ly Fiction by Eleanor Palffy I 
recall the phrase: “To steal 
from one person is plagiarism, 
from many is research.” 

The most interesting aspect 
of the book fa what we learn 
about the author. Truman 
Capote said that when we 
speak of others, we speak 
inadvertently of onrsefres- 
Suddenly I mourned the days 
when Prince Michael might 
have been elected King of we 
of the Balkan countries, with 

Princess Michael “crowned in 

a far country” by his side. 
Surely it would be a popular 
appointment? I could not re- 
sist wondering which of her 
heroines she woald em ula te. 

• Three Royal Wedding 
books arrived in a batch this 
summer, each one advertising 
toe undue haste with which it 
appeared. Tim Sattihell's Roy- 
al Romance (New English 
Library, £2.50 ) was called "fa 
paperback original - the first 
royal wedding book." Gordon 
Honey com he’s tv-am Official 
Celebration of the Royal Wed- 
ding ( Wtidenfdd & Nicolson, 
£8.95) declared: u lt’s the 
First IPs the Best and IPs 
British” - the latter a dig at 
Alastaxr BnrnePs The ITN 
Book of the Royal Wedding 
(Michael O’Mara/ITN, 
£8.95), which was published in 
“less than 72 hours”, haring 
sped by helicopter ami a hired 
707 to a printer in Barcelona. 

Gordon Honeycombe gave 
the best actual descrlftiom. It 
scans he was np early for he 
began his right-page summa- 
ry: “The sun rose at 5-lOanu.” 

I Thereafter it would appear he 

was glued to his television, pen 
in han d. Alastair Burnet, cm 
the other hand, was at a slight 
disadvantage since he was 
busy commentating aO morn- 
ing. He ended his morning 
vritfa a thousand rather magis- 
terial words dropped neatly 
into pages 105 to 107. In his 
rash to press we most forgive 


Hugo Vickers 

CROWNED IN A 
FAR COUNTRY 

By Princess Michael 
of Kent 

Weidenfetd & Nicolson. 

£12.95 

him Baron Kfllyeagh (sic), but, 
alas, in his earlier text he twice 
referred to Princess Andrew. 

Tim Satchell also fell into 
the Princess Andrew trap. He 
fcided off with a romantic 
prologue about the ceremony: 
“Her left hand entwined in 
Andrew's right, Fergie drew a 
short breath—” His last- 
minute wedding contribution 
covers ten paperback pages, 
fill] of wen informed asides. 
His fa certainly a book of 
revriations, not all of which 
will make him popular. 

The main point of a wedding 
book is to have beautiful 
photographs. Considering the 
speed of production it is right 
to oongratniafe all three books 
on printing all their colour the 
correct way round. Of the two 
television books, tv-am is the 
better printed, while ITV has a 
better selection of 
idiotographs. 

• Two late arrivals were 
Debrett’s Book of The Royal 
Wedding ( Debrett , £8S5) mid 
Christopher Warwick and 
Valerie Garner’s Their Royal 
Highnesses The Duke and 
Duchess of York 
(Sidgwick & Jackson , 
£12.95). The Debrett volume 
fa a self-confessed rehash of 
their Book of The Royal 
Engagement, with pages 108 
to 160 replaced to mdude 
coverage of the wedding. 

• Warwick has been busy this 
year. He has also produced 
Abdication 
(Sidgwick & Jackson , 
£12.95), which indndes a re - 
c ording of Edward V til’s 
much broadcast abdication 
speech. It is a well-written and i 

well-illustrated reappraisal of 
the dramatic departure of the 
King 50 years ago (which 
indsdes a mouth-watering ex- i 
tract from the mpublfah^l I 
memoirs of the late Lady Iris , 
Mounthatten). He concludes 
that Mrs Simpson was ^no 
voluptuous seductress, bent oa I 
luring her Prince Charming to ! 
disaster”, and in pages 82 to 
84 he investigates farther the 
problems of “the Prince of ; 
Wales’s confused sexual 
identity”. The more th at War - 
wick complains about writing 
royal hooks the better he 
becomes. 


m\ 


Christopher Ricks 


it /TJQTT7T7 



‘Its guide to pronunciation is clearer than in any other 
dictionary* Philip Howard Ihe Times 


‘Longman gets a place on my shelf Kingsley Amis Observer 




Tfa 

Thumb-indexed £19-95 


h»jjh iVZ»rini 


111 WtUiUlrtl 


Gardeners experience the pas- 
sage of time as bringing 
growth, maturity, and final 
decay, with the comforting 
certainty of renewal encapsu- 
lated in seed, bulb, and dor- 
mant bud. Yet whether we 
dwell on the cyclical nature of 
time, or cbocse to see it as a 
more directional process, 
leading either to progress and 
improvement or to decay, is 
very much a question of the 
individual spirit 

Robin Lane Fox’s mixture 
of sound practical advice, 
enriched with the fruits of his 
other interests, is one 1 find 
particularly satisfying. Who 
else is there writing today 
whose pen can give us the 
down-to-earth detail of marga- 
rine pots and clingfilm, and 
the information that the 
spears of Alexander’s army 
were made of the wood of a 
relative of the humble dog- 
wood? Marred only by its 
rather wishy-washy, curiously 
captioned pictures, it is partic- 
ularly useful in giving sugges- 
tions as to where particular 
plants may be purchased 

The book consists of a series 
of short pieces linked to the 
four seasons. In spite of the 
fact that we respond almost 
instinctively to the seasonal 
nature of garden activity, as a 
formula for conveying infor- 
mation it has a major weak- 
ness in that only some of the 
pieces, however interesting, 
are of relevance at any particu- 
lar time. 

Another book cast firmly in 
the seasonal mould is Brian 
Mathew's The Year-Round 
Bulb Garden (Souvenir Press, 


Having 
a green 
Xmas 

Roth Stungo 

VARIATIONS ON A 
GARDEN 
By Robin Lane Fox 

R A L. £10.95 


£15.95). and he too is some- 
what hampered by this frame- 
work. He chooses to organize 
his information in terms ofthe 
flowering season of the partic- 
ular bulbs he is dealing with: 
one is left with the horrid 
suspicion that we distracted 
amateurs would never re- 
member to plant them at the 
appropriate time. 

It would be worth the effort, 
for bulbs are such a satisfac- 
tory form of plant life: little 
power houses, half the work 
having been done before you 
even plant them. The illustra- 
tions, many of less familiar 
species, have you reaching for 
the catalogues: and the author 
writes welL 

To Christopher BrickneU 
and Fay Shannon time pass- 
ing represents plant species 
lost or threatened. The Van- 
ishing Garden (John Murray, 
£15) sets out to alert gardeners 
to the dangers facing many 
species, and to suggest meth- 


ods of preventing their further 
decline. It is a curious, 
strangely disjointed book: a 
rather pedestrian restatement 
of the very worthy reasons 
why efforts must be made to 
conserve, which somehow 
fails to arouse the enthusiasm. 

Someone you cannot fault 
on style is Penelope 
Hobhouse. Her latest book 
Private Gardens of England 
( Weidenfeld & Nicolson. £20) 
is both a descriptive essay in 
celebration of the living vitali- 
ty of English garden design, 
and an analysis of what it is 
that gives it its overall quality. 
The gardens she has chosen 
are privately owned, and pri- 
vate, secluded places made 
with time and attention, 
where the spirit may find 
refreshment 

Her exceptional ability to 
guide you round an unknown 
garden in a way that creates a 
strong, three-dimentional 
awareness, and in a few words 
to capture the salient features 
ofthe year's plant growth, is a 
rare gift. She is able to convey 
something of great importance 
about the gardens she is 
describing: she seems to cap- 
ture in her words the sense of 
the movement and direction, 
the underlying structure and 
relationships that contribute 
to the composure of a great 
garden. Great credit too must 
be given to Hugh Palmer's 
extraordinary photographs. 
These do not illustrate the 
text, but add to and enrich it 
with new insighi, telling a 
story of their own. Two out- 
standingly clever pairs of eyes 
at work here. 


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HUNDREDS OF COLOUR ILLUSTRATIONS AND MAPS: 

COMBiNE WITH A STRONG LUCID NARRATIVE /V 
TO BRINGiVlVlDLY TO LIFE THE STORY OF MANKIND 
QMarHB ICE AGE TO THE CO LD WAR 

: ;-v; 

■ *k : ' : y>-.'Q&Cdnsultont‘ : 




LONGMAN DICnONARIES-RECOMMENDED 






THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER li 1986 



THE TIMES 
DIARY 

Lording 
it still 

Relations between Mrs Thatcher 
and Neil Kinnock may be at an all- 
time low, but when it comes to 
putting the Alliance m its place 
they can still jog along. SDP and 
Liberal members were fuming 
yesterday after learning un- 
officially that Kinnock and the 
Prime Minister bad agreed that 
she should recommend to the 
Queen that no new Alliance 
“working peers” be created. Six 
Tories and five Labour party 
members can, however, look for- 
ward to taking the ermine. “It’s 
another carve-up between the two 
so-called main parties." says 
David Steel. The Liberals claim 
that of more than 100 peers 
created under Mrs Thatcher, only 
seven have taken the Liberal whip. 
To add insuit to injury, yester- 
day's news came on the day a 
memorial service was held for 
Lord Crawshaw — the only SDP 
working peer ever created — who 
died in the summer. 

® Driving through Southend the 
other day, I passed a French 
restaurant called La Poubelle. 

Pouhetle ? Dustbin, trash can. 
Southend should be told. 

Getting the bird 

The ruling Labour group on 
Hammersmith and Fulham coun- 
cil, which annually gives £500.000 
to the Lync theatre, will not be 
contributing to the current success 
of South African Robert Kirby's 
ami-apartheid play Bijer'S Sun- 
bird. They are boycotting it be- 
cause they feel the production 
comes under the United Nations 
resolution banning the import of 
South African culture. Though the 
Lyric will not be getting its hands 
on the Labour members' coppers, 
at least the Labour group booted 
out a motion by local anti- 
apartheid leader Steve Parry to 
suspend its grant- 

Race related 

Brian Sparks, the Notting Hill 
police chief being investigated for 
an alleged racist remark, has not 
spent all autumn on sick leave. 
After my paragraph about him last 
week I received a call from an 
officer Sparks had recently inter- 
viewed for possible membership 
of the Met's new Territorial 
Support Group. Somewhat add 
this, since one of the group's 
principal tasks will be to enter 
racially charged conflagrations of 
the Broadwater Farm type. Scot- 
land Yard says it is usual for 
officers who face disciplinary 
charges but have not been sus- 
pended to perform their usual 
duties. 

Caught napping 

It will take time for Mike Gatling 
to live down his lie-in last Sat- 
urday that almost held up the start 
of the day’s play against Victoria. 
As the plane carrying the England 
cricketers left Melbourne for Ad- 
elaide, the stewardess followed her 
list of safety procedures with the 
request “Would passengers please 
speak quietly during the flight as 
Mike Garting is trying to sleep." 

BARRY FANTONI 






?HE TIMES I 

POINDEXTER 

NORTH 

LATEST 


“I don't suppose we coaid get Ian 
Paisley to take the Fifth?’ 

Pass . . . 

Age is a delicate matter: royal 
protocol undoubtedly includes 
guidelines on the subjecL How- 
ever, 1 fancy Princess Alexandra 
went a trifle overboard when 
shaking hands with Edith Kirton 
at Lancaster University last week. 
The occasion was the completion 
of her doctoral thesis on the 
French playwright Jacques Audi- 
beni. The princess completed her 
brief exchange by inquiring: “Are 
you thinking of taking up teaching 
now?” Dr Kirton is 78. 

More, to be sure 

Brandon Book Publications con- 
tinues to be a shillelagh in 
Whitehall's side. Immediately af- 
ter overturning an injunction 
against the sale in the Irish 
Republic of Joan Miller's One 
Girl's W ar, it publishes a book by 
Sinn Feiner Gerry Adams. The 
Politics of Irish Freedom was 
launched yesterday at a party in 
the Falls Road. 

Roll on 

The Advertising Standards Auth- 
ority has upheld a complaint 
about a “degrading" ad for 1 
Scandinavian kitchens illustrated 
by a woman clad only in apron 
and chefs cap. I am now deter- 
mined to write to the ASA about a 
recent Havana cigar ad which 
read: "I've forgotten where we 
went to dinner. I’ve even forgotten 
the name of the girl. But the cigar 
was definitely Montecristo.” 
There’s been nothing like it since 
Kipling’s “a woman is only a 
woman, but a good cigar is a 

smoke." PHS 


Today is the 50th anniversary of 
the abdication of Edward VUL It 
may or may not have been “the 
greatest news story since the 
Resurrection" (as H.L. Mencken 
called it), but it certainly benefited 
rather than damaged the mon- 
archy and never posed any threat 
to the constitution. For this 
Edward deserves more credit than 
he has ever received. 

By giving up the throne for love 
he added yet another fairy-story 
motif to a tradition that thrives on 
romance. And by acting strictly on 
the advice of his ministers, and 
going like a lamb when they told 
r him that Mrs Simpson could not 
be Queen or even his morganatic 
| wife, he made sure that there was 
| no constitutional crisis. 

1 Had he been a different sort of 

* man he might have faced Baldwin 
■ with a challenge to which there 
: would have been no easy answer, 

[ and possibly no answer at all. I am 
: not thinking of the idea of a King’s 
; Party which Churchill, from 
; largely self-interested motives, 

would have liked him to promote. 

If he had made the attempt of 

* appealing over the heads of Cabi- 
\ net and Parliament, there might 
' have been large demonstrations in 

1 his favour, and public opinion 
' here and in the Dominions would 
' have been divided: but in the end, 
surely, he would have lost 
The King’s Party game would 
1 have been a disastrous one to play, 

and Edward was quite right to 
have nothing to do with it, in his 
' own interest no less than in the 
interests of the state. But a far 
subtler game was open to him, by 
which he might have achieved the 
result he desired without commit- 
ting any technical breach of the 
constitution. The key moves had 
been plotted for him, by chance, in 
Bernard Shaw's last great play. 
The Apple Cart (1929), in which 
an imaginary King of England, 
Magnus, imposes his will upon a 
Labour cabinet by threatening to 
abdicate and then stand as par- 
liamentary' candidate for Windsor. 
Let us suppose that Edward, in 

Hardly a month has passed this 
year without some kind of Opec 
ministerial meeting. With oil 
prices collapsing, rebounding and 
then hovering in nervous dis- 
comfort every' session has made 
its own call on the emotions. The 
temptation under that banage is 
to become more cynical about the 
drama as a whole. Plus c o 
change ... yet the Opec min- 
isters. gathering once more in 
Geneva, are reallly facing a crisis. 

Most Opec governments are 
now openly com mined to restor- 
ing fixed and higher oil prices after 
months, or even years, of leaving 
pricing to the market. Most re- 
main committed to quotas allow- 
ing them to sell roughly their 
present amounts. None has 
proved that those two commit- 
ments are compatible in a world 
where consumers can buy more oil 
than they want. It Follows that at 
least some Opec governments will 
have to choose before this latest 
conference adjourns between rais- 
ing prices and maintaining output 
Without the rigorous discipline 
of a true cartel, which is something 
Opec has never been, sustaining 
prices by regulating production 
needs a swing producer someone 
who can rapidly increase and 
decrease production to meet 
changes in market demand. At 
theirconferencein 1983, members 
decided, in effect, that Opec 
should play that role for the 
market as a whole, and Saudi 
Arabia should play it for Opec. 

The rest is familiar. With world 
demand still falling and non-Opec 
production still rising, Opec's 
collective sales dropped by nearly 
40 per cent between 1980 and 
1 985. Saudi output alone slumped 
from 10.3 million barrels a day to 
less than 3.8 million. Meanwhile, 
the non-Opec producers, includ- 
ing Britain, stepped up their 
output by the same proportion. 

By the middle of last year, the 
strain was again too much, es- 
pecially for the Saudis. They gave 
up trying to support prices by 
acting as everyone's swing pro- 
ducer, and launched a new dual 
policy instead. Opec would change 
to defending and then rebuilding 
its share of the world market, and 
Saudi Arabia would lead the way 
by expanding production and 
abandoning minimum prices. 

What followed, inevitably, was 
this year’s price collapse. Lower 
prices were clearly part of the 
Saudi game plan, as a means of 
stimulating demand, undermining 
non-Opec production and bring- 
ing some of the unruly Opec ( 
brethren to heel. But prices fell too < 
far, and were rescued in August 
only by re-imposing revised ( 
production quotas. < 

What seemed more important 
was that 1986 oil consumption in 
the OECD should be on course for < 
the largest annual increase since i 
, 1978. and Opec production bead- j 
ing for the biggest rise since. 1976. i 
Yet the plan and the policy which i 

“Painters and poets have always 
bad a right to try anything once,” 
one of the grand old bossy 
megalomaniac news editors said 
So have journos. They are the 
innovators of language. 

In fact most of what we do is 
repetitive, copying out old cut- 
tings, summarizing what some- * 

body else has written, rehashing ) 

cold cabbage. But we claim the * 
licence to write what no man has r 
written before. And sometimes we v 
go too far, and end up with egg on 
our feces and absurdity on our ] 
word processors. 

As that grand old news editor s 
declaimed: “You can go as far as 1 
you want, but not so far as to mate 1 
the savage with the tame, or to J 
have serpents copulating with * 
birds, or lambs with tigers.” He * 
wrote his advice before the Sur- 1 
realists and Picasso. 

I woke up with a start the other c 

day when I read, in a report from a 

the School of Oriental and African tl 
Studies: “If we can assume that p 
the Report epiphanizes good man- tl 
agerial practice ...” I suspect that b 
the whimsical secretary had his o 
tongue in his cheek, and that what 
he meant was: “If we can assume it 
that the report is a Manifestation p 
from on High (sc, the UGC) of I 


How Edward 
could have 
been awkward 


by John Grigg 


reply to Baldwin’s “advice", had 
taken the following line: “AU right. 
Prime Minister. I understand the 
position perfectly. According to 
you. it is out of the question for me 
to marry Mrs Simpson and remain 
King. In that case — since I 
w ouldn't dream of renouncing her 

— [ have no choice but to abdicate, 
and shall of course do so without 
delay. 

“But it is only fair to tell you 
that I shall insist upon becoming a 
private citizen, with none of the 
privileges of royalty but all the 
rights of ordinary citizenship. 
And, since I am very concerned 
about the state of the country at 
the moment, I shall feel it my duty 
to take an active part in politics. 

“That being so. the proper, 
constitutional course will be to 
seek election to the House of 
Commons. 1 am entirely opposed 
to Oswald Mosley’s style of extra- 
parliamentary politics. No doubt 
a by-election will crop up before 
long — perhaps (who knows?) in 
my home constituency ofWindsor 

— and I will enter my name for the 
contest. 

“Having so recently been sov- 
ereign. I should think it incorrect 
to join a party. I intend, therefore, 
to stand as an Independent but 
shall hope to attract considerable 
support from established poli- 
ticians in all parties, as well as 
from the public at large. 

“As you know. I already have 
friends in politics — Mr Churchill 


and Mr Lloyd George, to mention 
only two. I believe, also, that my 
views on unemployment will ap- 
peal to voters on the 1 eft, while my 
background alone may count for 
something with right-wing voters. 

“So it seems chat even if you 
adhere to the advice you are now 
giving me, I may still have the 
pleasure of dealing with you at 
dose quarters in future. Though 
we shall no longer be meeting as 
prime minister and sovereign, we 
may have plenty of opportunity to 
meet as fellow parliamentarians.” 

That surely, would have given 
Baldwin abundant food for 
thought He would have been 
quick to realize how dangerous 
Edward Windsor, MP, could be — 
not indeed, to the constitution, 
but to himself. His only defence 
against the course of action out- 
lined by the King would have been 
to introduce legislation compel- 
ling him to remain royal and, 
therefore, ineligible for the House 
of Commons. 

But the King could very eff- 
ectively have protested against 
such treatment knowing that it 
would be generally regarded as 
unfair and mean-minded. In 
demanding to become a private 
citizen he would have had a 
thoroughly popular cause; and the 
Commons, seeing how popular it 
was, would probably have been 
most reluctant to pass Baldwin's 
disabling law. 

In the circumstances Baldwin 


Ian Smart looks at Opec’s problems as It 
begins a new bargaining ronnd in Geneva 

The case for 
giving oil 
prices a hoist 



conjured up that prospect have 
now been abandoned. The Saudi 
oil minister. Sheikh Yamani, 
widely but too glibly identified as 
their author, has been replaced. 
His erstwhile colleagues now seek 
a return to fixed prices based on 
$18 a barrel while preserving the 
1 983 quota system. So the Geneva 
conference is meant to do some- 
thing Opec has never succeeded in 
doing before: control prices and 
output simultaneously. 

The technical difficulties are 
enormous. The formulas being 
developed for prices and quotas 
are so cumbersome and open to so 
many interpretations that rancour 
seems inevitable. The fact is that 
current oil demand will not sup- 
port oil at $18 a barrel for more 
than a few days unless supply is 
cut to below its present level. 


All in all, with OECD oil 
consumption growth expected to 
slow down in 1987. the Opec 
ministers have only a slim chance 
of squaring the price-production - 
circle. They will labour long in 
Geneva, if not always patiently. In 
the end, however, they are un- 
likely to emerge with a credible 
agreement The sequence of recent 
decisions — to demand higher 
prices while refusing lower output 
to adopt arcane formulas for 
regulating both of them, to dismiss 
Yamani for allegedly challenging 
the combination — might be 
classed as suicidal, but that would 
be to miss the central point about 
this latest conference. 

The real lesson is that there has 
been restored to primacy not some 
view of how the world oil market 
will ultimately behave, but rather 


Aide memoir 

Philip Howard: New Words for Old 


good managerial practice.” If so. it 
was a nice scholarly joke. But I am 
keeping my eyes open for epipha- 
nies and epiphanizing, to see 
whether they catch on in the blats. 

What happens far more often 
than some adventurous Amerigo 
Vespucci of the public prints 
saying something that nobody has 
thought of saying before is that we 
read something that strikes us as 
clever, crib it and before you 
know where you are the whole 
Fleet Street pack is baying it until 
you are side of it. 

“Aide” is a popular Ameri- 
canism for an important person’s 
adviser or counsellor, someone at 
the right hand of a prime minister, 
president or City tycoon. I can see 
the attraction for headline-writers, 
because it has four letters instead 

of seven or ten. If you have to put 
“counsellor” in a headline, forget 
it Many Americanisms are ex- 
pressive, and enrich the language. 

I am not sure that “aide" doer, as 


the okl news editor said: “By 
trying to be brief I become 
obscure.” 

The Queen does indeed have 
aides-de-camp drawn from the 
three services-' But when The 
Times describes Her Majesty’s 
Private Secretary as an aide, and 
even, a few months ago, the 
Mistress of the Robes as an aide, it 
confuses the offices, and makes 
the hair of our older and more 
courtierly readers stand on end. 

Lesser blats without the law, 
such as the Sun and The Indepen- 
dent imitate us. And before you 
know where you are, throughout 
the pubs of Eqgland jolly jokes are 
being made linking royalty with 
Aids. We should watch it 

Cryptic brevity is one cause of 
obscurity in Headline English: as 
in SQUAD HELPS DOG BIT 
VICTIM. Another cause is double 
entendre that Jerks a dormant 
metaphor to life. One example is 
our current passion for loopholes. 


might have felt obliged to re- 
consider his atiiiude. if not to the 
idea of Mrs Simpson as Queen, at 
least to the morganatic proposal 
And it is very much on the cards 
that Edward would then have 
stayed on the throne, with Wallis 
as his lawful wife though not in 
the full sense, his consort. (In time 
she might have won enough 
approval to make her claim to 
queenly status irresistible). 

It did not happen. Edward 
lacked the necessary political flair, 
and perhaps also the will to fight. 
He abdicated while remaining 
royal, and his wife was then 
condemned, for the rest of his and 
her life, to tbe morganatic status 
which had earlier been denied her. 

Yet the danger that Edward 
might become a candidate for 
Parliament was not lost on hiS 
successor, who acted swiftly to 
ensure that it could never be a 
reality. On the morning of Decem- 
ber 1 1, 1936, the new King George 
VI spoke about his brother’s 
future status to Sir Claud Schuster, 
the Lord Chancellor’s private 
secretary. 

As the King recorded in bis 
diary: “I suggest HRH D of W 
[indsor] — If he ever comes back 
to this country be can stand & be 
elected to the H of G Would you ; 
like that ? S replied No.” The 
King’s biographer. John Wheeler- , 
Bennett, quotes this most signifi- 
cant entry without explaining how 
the King came to be so alert and 
sophisticated on the issue. 

He was, if possible, even less 
likely than his elder brother to 
have been familiar -with the argu- 
ment of 77ie Apple Cart. Some- 
body, therefore, may have told 
him about it, or he may just have 
been showing extreme natural 
shrewdness. We sh all perhaps 
never know how the idea occurred 
to him 

What we do know is that 
Edward became, as the new King 
wished, HRH the Duke of Wind- 
sor, and so forfeited the chance of 
ever becoming MP for Windsor — 
or anywhere else. 

a set of more pressing political 
considerations. Some of the poli- 
tics are internal to Opec members. 
But the most substantial factors 
concern relations within the tri- 
angle of large Gulf states: Iran, 
Saudi Arabia and Iraq. 

What has marked successive 
Opec meetings has been the 
unfamiliar constmctiveness of 
Iran’s contributions, tbe emer- 
gence of a working alliance be- 
tween Iranians and Saudis, and 
the progressive isolation of Iraq. 
Such developments cannot be 
explained by reference only to oil 
policies, let alone the pure 
economics of the oil market. 

After alL the Iran-Iraq war is not 
about oil, even if ft has recently 
done as much as anything to hold 
down oil exports and support 
prices. Wider international poli- 
tics, coloured by war, are never- 
theless seen to dominate what 
happens in Opec and the oil 
market. The Geneva conference 
will reflect that, not alter it. 

Reasserting tbe primacy of poli- 
tics does not help Opec ministers’ 
chances of success in tying produc- 
tion and price controls into a 
single parcel. But it does reduce 
the risk of public fell ore, simply by 
increasing its cosl The most likely 
outcome of the conference; there- 
fore, is another apparently mud- 
dled compromise, probably not 
lifting prices quite into the 518 
bracket, nor keeping Opec’s true 
output at quite its present level, 
but at least preserving the fragile 
political balance in the Gulf 
A politically expedient com- 
promise may actually serve most 
interested parties, importers as 
weQ as exporters. Ear higher prices 
or far lower production limits 
would soon prove intolerable to 
either the oil market or Opec. 
Obstinacy in pressing for one or 
the other would be more likely to 
set off another bout of instability, 
or even another price collapse. 
And that is why politics win 
militate against such obstinacy. 

For the most remarkable change 
of all in 1986 has been not Opec's 
somersault but the defection of so 
many outside who began the year 
by proclaiming the attractions of 
rock-bottom oil prices. Defaulting 
debtors, distressed banks, debili- 
tated energy industries, depressed 
exchequers: tbe political and so- 
cial as well as economic reper- 
cussions of another oil price 
collapse look less and less appeal- 
ing in either Western Europe or 
North America. 

If one thing can protect Opec's 
leaders in tbe days ahead from tbe 
worst consequences of what is 
arguably their extraordinary con- 
fusion about objectives, it is the 
fed that cheap oil, when viewed at 
close quarters in 1986. has turned 
out to be too expensive for 
everyone. 

© Tsdm Nn wi pa p a n . 1988. 

The author is an independent 
consultant on international energy 
policy. 


Ronald Butt 


No such thing « 
a Labour win 


Loopholes may, I suppose, be legal 
or illegal, as they tend to be, but 
when legal loopholes hamper or 
halt something up, as they do all 
tbe time, confusing images of 
lambs mating with tigers arise in 
my miners eye. 

Summit is a weft-established 
mountaineering metaphor for 
meetings between heads of 
government It came into vogue, I 
think, with the meetings between 
Eisenhower and Khrushchev. An 
interesting early use came from 
Winston Churchill in 1950, 
deploring the Cold War, recalling 
his wartime meetings with Stalin 
and Roosevelt and calling for “a 
parley at the summit”. 

A meeting may take place at the 
summit but it is not itself a 
summit in tbe extreme accep- 
tance of the word. So when a 
broadcaster on the Today pro- 
gramme, discussing the manoeu- 
vring between Israel and Egypt 
over a projected meeting between 
Peres and Mubarak, said: “Mubar- 
ak may be holding up the 
summit”, I flickered. Mubarak is 
widely regarded as rather a weak 
president In the new, abbreviated 
meeja headline use, he appears to 
be not lacking in physical strength, 
but a modem Atlas. 

•At 


Mrs Thatcher’s debt 10 Mr 
Kinnock mounts daily. The more 
the Labour leader tries to win 
friends for his party, the more he 
mafrps them for the Tories. Words 
come too easily to him. The more 
he says in the hope of explaining 
away the case against Labour and 
of selling its policies by verbal 
pac kaging, the more he in- 
advertently reveals the realities he 
seeks to camouflage. It is a pity 
there is no political Fifth Amend- 
ment to protect him. 

Thus ever since the Labour 
Party conference, he has been 
defending himself and his party 
against tbe charges of unpat- 
riotism and being anti-Nato. At 
the conference he declared emo- 
tionally (and it makes a good dip 
for party political broadcasts) that 
he would fight to defend his 
country. That is interesting, but it 
is not the point. 

Nor does it particularly help the 
public to know that he would fight 
tf he were in Afghanistan, which is 
what he said the other week in an 
article in the Spectator. (Mrs 
Kinnock, this being a joint inter- 
view, added that she would fight 
in Nicaragua or South Africa). The 
truth is that the more Kinnock 
tries to show that his party is not 
anti-Nato, the more, floundering 
in his own words, he establishes 
that this is what it is. 

This is shown less by rejection 
of an independent British deter- 
rent, arguable on cost grounds, 
than by Labour’s determination to 
dose the US nuclear bases in 
Britain, yesterday’s hedging on a 
deadline notwithstanding. Above 
all it is proved by Kinnock’s 
rejection as “dishonest” of shelter- 
ing under the Nato nudear um- 
brella. which is the cornerstone of 
Nato deterrent policy. What is so 
appalling is the sheer silliness of 
the Labour leader's reasoning, 
epitomised in a couple 
of sentences in the same Spectator 
interview, when Mr John Morti- 
mer asked him what he would say 
to the old Labour voter who 
remembered the Hitler war and 
thought Labour had gone pacifist. 

“I’d say the first duty of 
government is to defend the 
country. I'd say 1 don't expect 
people to forget Munich or Po- 
land, but there's no such thing as a 
wi unable war in Europe. Whoever 
pressed the button, we’d all be 
destroyed.” Yet it is precisely 
because we would all be destroyed 
that the deterrent deters, the 
button does not have to be 
pressed, and our freedom is 
preserved. Without it the Russians 
would be free to advance their 
conventional forces under the 
umbrella of their nuclear power, 
and what would Labour's souped- 
up conventional non-nuclear 
forces be worth then? That single 
unqualified, unguarded phrase, 
“There’s no such thing as a 
winnable war in Europe", exposes 
the subconscious pacifism which 
is now at the heart of the 
dominant wing of the Labour 
Party from which Kinnock rose. 

The opinion polls, which put 
the Tories ahead and identify 
Labour’s defence policy as the 
main reason, show that the public 
understand the issues as clearly as 
the Americans, who have 
contemptuously dismissed Kinn- 
ock's explanations. When he is 
forced to explain away Labour's 
economic and social policies with 
another deluge of words, these too 
will be found equally unacceptable 
because they mean a return to 
inflation, the old kind of union 
domination, a highly controlled 
society and more freedom for the 


extremists who now run so rawer, 
of Labour iocai government 
The Tories are well set io be the 


that and more than the her.etu 
fironi falling employment and 
rising prosperity. Firm and raaicai 
manifesto commitments arc aiso 
essential io ensure that ine> maxe 
a more constructive and imagi- 
native use of their third term tnan 
they did of their second. It is here 
that there are some grounds for 
misgivings. 

Next week the II policy groups 
preparing the basis of the Tory 
manifesto are due to complete 
their reports, for submission to the 
Prime Minister. Each is chaired by 
a Cabinet minister and consists of 
backbench MPs with some 
academics and other outside 
advisers. These reports wih at 
least have the advantage of being 
ready well in time to influence the 
manifesto: that was not the case in 
1983 when the comparable ex-, 
ercise was held up by the start of 
the Faiklands war. .As a result 
work did not start until autumn 
I9S2, the reports were not ready 
until six weeks before the 1983 
election, and there w as no adquate 
manifesto. 

In 1982, when the whole exercise 
was in the hands of Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, CabLnei ministers did not 
chair the committees. It is prob- 
ably more sensible that they are 
now doing so since it exposes 
them directly to more non- 
Whitehall discussion of ideas, 
though some Tories argue that it 
is inhibiting because ministers 
cannot encourage the committees 
to look beyond, or contrary to. 
what they are already officially 
doing. 

The most important questions 
lie in tbe social field, not simply 
because this is the greatest drain 
and danger to the economy but 
because keeping the economy 
inflation-free (itself a social bene- 
fit to every wage earner and 
pensioner) inevitably means peri- 
odically cutting back social spend- 
ing in a manner which damages 
the good as well as the wasteful 
because we lade proper spending 
priorities. Like the bank manager, 
the slate offers an umbrella when 
the sun shines and takes it back in 
such a hurry when the rain begins 
that some of the best causes get 
wet Wasteful spending by local 
authorities goes unchecked, but 
hospitals wards are not built cr 
shut, and universities that have 
been urged to expand are hastily 
cut back in the wrong places. 

The basic educational and 
health services need also to be 
brought into touch with con- 
sumers and market forces so that 
money can go i n to them which does 
not go into them now. There are 
many people who cannot afford to 
pay for independent schools or 
health insurance but who would 
pay something to get a better 
service if they were allowed to. 
They are unhappy at the con- 
sequences of their being denied 
any participation in and influence 
over the system. 

On the whole, the outlook for 
radical thinking on education 
under Kenneth Baker seems much 
brighter than for the social and 
health services. But the same logic 
applies. People want the services 
to respond to them, and money 
notto be wasted. What tbe Tories 
have to show is that they have a 
plan which can in the long run 
bring better care for everyone than 
the promised outpouring of a 
socialist cornucopia which the 
nation cannot afford to fill. 


Toby Young 

Student readers 
begin here 


8.30 Saturday night Dave and 
Pete have just ordered a round of 
drinks. Dave is drinking Pils. So is 
Pete. Dave is wearing a combat 
jacket a while, co Harless shin, 
jeans and monkey boots. So is 
Pete. Dave wears a badge which 
says “Cut Trident Not Teachers”. 
They're both pretty left-wing, 
Dave and Pete, and they both hate 
fascists. Dave and Pete are stu- 
dents. 

There was a time when students 
used to read things like History 
and Classics but now they read 
things like 2000 AD. 2000 AD has 
-this really ace cartoon strip called 
Judge Dread, which is really 
relevant because it's got un- 
employed people in iL Pete prefers 
tbe Beano because Dennis The 
Menace is really brilliant. 

After the pub, Dave and Pete 
are off to a really whacky party. It’s 
being given by this really interest - 
ing bloke called Moon. Moon isn't 
exactly a student, but he’s been 
around for years so they treat him 
like one. No one's thought to ask 
•him why he’s got such a stupid 
name. It’s part of what makes him 
interesting. 

Before they hit Moon's pad, 
Dave and Pete are going for a 
smoke with this reahy brilliant girl 
called Philippa. Philippa doesn't 
do anything superficial like wash- 
ing her hair. Philippa's really 
relevant. She’s been arrested at 
Greenham, but she’s a real laugh. 
She knows everything there is to 
know about drugs, about Red Leb 
and Gold Leb and Double Zero 
and Afghan Black. Amazing. She 
knows more about drugs than 
normal girls know about make-up. 

Students like smoking dope 
because it's a black thing to do. 
Black people are really relevant. 
They think soul music is ace. 
Blade words axe ace too, really 
expressive — cool. kip. fresh, bad. 
babylon. bloodcloL . Particularly 


babylon. bloodcloL 

V. 


words for drugs — gear, blow, 
weed, spliff. ganga, herb. Most of 
the students’ heroes are black too, 
like Steve Biko and Nelson 
Mandela and Eddie Murpbv. Any- 
thing from Africa is brilliant, apart 
from South Africa which is really 
fascist. 

In fact, virtually anything e thni c 
is OK. Gin Sin, Incense, Yin Yan . 
I-Ching — really alternative. Stu- 
dents discover India in their year 
off and from then on all roads 
point to Mecca. 

Meditation is ace. If only all the 
fascists in the world sat down and 
meditated instead of spending 
more money on arms in two weeks 
than it would cost to feed the 
entire Third World for a year, then 
you wouldn’t have any wars. War 
is so stupid, so superficial. 

Anything to do with politics is 
really relevant. Dave used to think 
that politics was really boring, but 
now he can’t even go into a 
supermarket without worrying 
about whether the oranges are 
from South Africa or the beans 
from Chile. All processed food is 
really bad for you and eating meat 
is like murder, only worse, be- 
cause you don’t actually kill things 
yourself 

After Moon's party Dave and 
Pete go back to Philippa’s room 
and have this really amazing 
conversation. It's all about this 
stuff called acid rain which is 
really screwing up the environ- 
ment and killing all the trees in 
Sweden and mutilating animals 
and really Thaicherite things like 
thaL Philippa reckons that if you 
bad more women in power you 
wouldn't get stuff like acid rain. 
Then Philippa skins up this really 
mega-spliff and they get really oui- 
of it. Then they get the ntunchies 
and it turns out Philippa’s got 
these Mars bars and they start . 
doing these really whacky thing s 
like licking the chocolate off. Ace. 



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THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 111 986 



17 




1 Pennington Street, Londo n El 9XN Telephone: 01-4814 100 

THE TOP WITH LABOUR 

n a dangerous path, and 


Healey knows it. The most 
•ouraging construction to 
1 upon yesterday’s defence 
inifesto wouid be that a 
lall pan of Mr Kinnock's 
knows it too. Sadly a 
part does not. Even on 
ie most optimistic possible 
‘terpretation, neither Mr 
‘Jnnock nor Mr Healey have 
-ft themselves enough room 
or manoeuvre in the strait- 
acket imposed upon the party 
jy ns jubilant Left 

There.of course, exists a 
respectable case for cancelling 
tne Trident missile. We do not 
accept it — but those who do 
include a number of senior 
officers as well as politicians of 
all parties. There is an argu- 
ment, not impossible to sus- 
tain, for abandoning the 
concept of an independent 
deterrent — and redefining 
Britain's contribution to a 
■^clear-armed Western alli- 
ance. 

Had Labour presented a 
serious exploration of these 
options, it might have have 
won high marks for effort in 
the inevitable (and very nec- 
essary) debate over British 
defence. In ’‘Modem Britain in 
a modem World” the party 
has instead gone over the top 
to disaster with an idiot enthu- 
siasm which even the Gada- 
rene swine could not have 
matched. 

A critical weakness of 
Labour's plan is the non- 
chalant way in which it draws 
a line between nuclear and 
conventional forces, as if be- 
tween good and evil Nato 
strategy is based upon a com- 
plementary mix of weapons 
with well-worked operational 
scenarios. To start unilaterally 
unscrambling this mix would 


mean not just removing one 
element, but crippling the 
whole. 

When the manifesto talks of 
strengthening Britain's con- 
ventional forces, how many 
can believe it? Conventional 
forces are significantly more 
expensive thin nuclear, cer- 
tainly in terms of their deter- 
rent value. Even a 
Conservative Chancellor, 
espying the cancellation of one 
weapon system (like Trident) 
might fight an attempt by the 
Ministry of Defence to spend 
the money saved upon an- 
other. 

Can one really see a Labour 
government, riddled by the 

Left, increasing the strength of 
the Royal Navy, the RAF or 
BAOR? Even if it did, the 
chance that it would do so by 
such an amount as to lessen 
the conventional burden on 
America, is utterly remote. 

But the most damaging flaw 
in Labour’s defence strategy is 
its threat to end all US nuclear 
bases in Britain. Here again 
there is an all-loo-ready 
assumption that the United 
States would happily consent 
to the removal of all nuclear 
weapons, while leaving their 
conventional troops in place. 
Would the Third Air Force, 
which fills one of the most 
vital roles in Nato, remain in 
Britain under such conditions? 
And if Washington refused to 
let it do so, where else could it 
go? 

Labour’s preferences, more- 
over, do not even extend to the 
deep-strike options with pre- 
cision-guided munitions 
(PGM) favoured by, among 
others. General Bernard Rog- 
ers, Nato’s Supreme Allied 
Commander. New technology 
in Labour eyes should be 
concentrated on defensive 
weapons, backed up by what 


sounds like an updated Magi- 
not line — and a hugely 
increase reserve strength. 
Some such means of improv- 
ing allied defences may be 
sensible — but not at the 
expense of everything else. 

Mr Kixwock has launched a 
deep strike offensive of his 
own by accusing the present 
Government of presiding over 
a “serious decline” in the 
country's armed strength. This 
too looks singularly off-target 
To attack Mrs Thatcher for 
disarming by stealth (that is, 
by pouring too many resources 
into the nuclear programme) 
carries little conviction. It 
must be clear to anyone who 
reads this manifesto that de- 
spite all its heady commitment 
to a 50-ship surface fleet and 
the European Fighter Aircraft 
programme, defence is likely 
to assume a significantly lower 
profile under Labour than it 
does now. 

There is the merest glimpse 
of an apostasy by the Labour 
leadership. Mr Kinnock said 
yesterday that while it would 
be technically possible to re- 
move all US nuclear bases 
from Britain in a year, “the 
political process requires 
longer discusions.” There 
would be no mass eviction. 
The manifesto stresses the 
need for “consultations” with 
the allies. Has Mr Kinnock 
ever tried consulting the Nato 
allies about such fundamental 
shifts in one side's position? 

He will presumably try, 
along with Mr Healey, to fudge 
as best he can on crucial 
questions during the next elec- 
tion campaign. As a prime 
minister he could not push 
through policies like these 
without doing grave harm to 
British security, safety and 
national interest With policies 
like these may he never get the 
chance to try. 


NOT SO MUCH A U-TURN, MORE A . . . 


In its report on the 
Chancellor’s Autumn State- 
ment the Treasury and Civil 
Service Select Committee 
lends a good deal of support to 
the “Government in U-turn” 
view of economic -policy. 
There have been substantial 
changes, claims the Commit- 
tee, in the Government’s poli- 
cies on public spending 
control, reduction in the 
money supply and the role of 
interest rates and exchange 
rates in monetary policy. 

k This is all true. Behind it, 
however, is the thinly veiled 
implication that this indicates 
a fundamental change in the 
Government’s objectives and 
the underlying methods by 
which it has sought to achieve 
them. Thai is not so clear. 

Certainly the Government 
is wiser as well as older than it 
was in 1979. The optimistic 
view of the speed of likely 
progress and the exaggerated 
faith in the instruments at its 
command have all been sub- 
ject to a degree of disillusion. 
Disillusionment is one of the 
conditions of office. But the 
underlying commitment _ to 
reducing inflation and cutting 
taxes, although subject to 
many reverses, is still there. 
The Committee’s 


on public spending. It is 
fruitless for the Government 
to claim, as Mr Nigel Lawson 
did in evidence _to the 
Committee, that the policy 
with regard to public spending 
has remained and 

only the presentation has al- 
tered. At an earlier stage in the 
Government’s life its am- 
bitions to curb public spending 
were considerably higher. 

The stated aim was orig- 
inally to reduce public spend- 
ing. This then became one of 
keeping it level in real terms, 
and now it is to keep it gently 
felling as a proportion of the 
economy. Perhaps the original 
aim was unrealistic. But the 
control of public spending is 
something which is ultimately 
in the control of the Govern- 
ment and one where the 
instruments of control are 
fairly straightforward. Other 
countries have taken decisions 
which have been judged politi- 
cally impossible in the UK. 
Although the Government has 
striven it has not succeeded on 
its own terms. 

Whether the Government 
has succeeded or failed with its 
monetary policy is not easy to 
tell because it keeps moving 
the goalposts. That is the 
Committee’s complaint - that 
monetary policy is “obscure”. 

In the present state ofknow- 


ledgeadegreeofobscurityisin 
the nature of monetary policy. 
Whereas other countries have 
succeeded in controlling pub- 
lic spending none has avoided 
setting monetary targets which 
subsequently tinned out to be 
inappropriate. Monetary pol- 
icy remains important, and it 
remains unsatisfactory. But 
the Committee’s report does 
not take us any further for- 
ward. 

The report has some good 
points to make on other issues. 
It points out that the public 
sector borrowing requirement 
is an ambiguous measure of 
the fiscal stance at a time of 
large receipts from 
privatisation and urges the 
Government to concentrate on 
a different measure, the public 
sector financial deficit, which 
has fewer disadvantages. It is 
also concerned that public 
spending could overrun even 
its revised plans if the teachers’ 
pay offer sets a precedent with 
public sector unions. 

Ultimately the select 
committee system is circum- 
scribed by its cross-party na- 
ture. The report’s only firm 
recommendation in heavy 
type is that the Chancellor 
should tell Parliament first 
rather than anyone else his 
innermost thoughts on mone- 
tary policy. That is something 
one which ail MPs can agree. 


After more than three decades 
which it has strewn all 


in 


censoriousness is most prop* 
erlv deployed in its comments 

the dark veil of censorship 

emergency is precisely when a ban all unrest reports which 
frightened and confused popu- did not emanate from i 
Ions needs more news rather 
than less.To insist, as it has 
now done, that all reports of 
resistance — a phrase that 
could encompass anything 
from school and consumer 
boycotts to the opinions of 
political leaders - will have to 
be submitted to government 
officials before publication is 
to keep white South African 
opinion blanketed in dan- 
gerous ignorance and render it 
incapable of reaching reasoned 
decisions about the future of 

its country. 

The ban will also supply 
endless ammunition to those 
whose cause feeds on rumour 

rather than feet l^matdyit 

thread to destroy ** 
government 5 own tattered 
Ability and. 
noitant, perhaps, the credibii- 
pyjuaaau, r , African nre«_ 


manner of obstacles in the way 
of those who bear bad tidings, 
the South African government 
has finally decided to bind its 
unwelcome messengers fiana 
and fooL The sweeping ne * 
powers under which the 
Government will * 

advance press reportsof au 
sorts of resistance 

resort, and one cbaracter*uc 
of all authontanan 
which face a challenge to their 
established order. 

The new P° we * 
exercised in terms of th 
of Emergency and are not, 

unlike the nearly one h . 

rules and regdations wta^ 
have long curtailed the 
dom of the press n 

Africa, incorporated in 

and common law- very 


emergency is, by lw flber r2_ 
nature, a temporary the 

lion, and where 

example ot Zimbab < vfid 
the emergency has* ^ efn . 
not merely a change i S ^ 
ment but “K be ^° n ria We 
some hope that 0 f 

it has discovered 
its decision, raft ^ pe ,;t 
to lift the veil as suddenly^ 
has dropped it- . trraV befor 

For } diffrcuftfiirnayw eni 

Mr P.W. Botha J 


townships ri vcn 
and anarchy* me 


state 


rtyofthe South Afncanpress. 

see 

ss-Wsrss 

devel0P ^oSnrfopS 

not merely south 

•SgT *• * » 

^ frequently voiced 
the country was a 

P^Tbe State of Emergency nijd 
worts initial decision to 


did not emanate from its own 
Bureau of Information began 
to give a gloss of truth to that 
distortion. Yesterday’s move 
will now make it almost 
impossible to rebut It will also 
make it almost impossible for 
Pretoria to refute rumours — 
no matter how false or exag- 
gerated - about the scope of 
black dissent, the strength of 
school boycotts, the number of 
deaths, the identity of the 
killers, the nature of black 
demands or the size of African 
National Congress support 

There can be little doubt 
that in the past, two years 
occasionally tendentious 
reporting has played a role in 
inflaming passions both in and 
outside South Africa. But press 
freedom has never been an 
unalloyed benefit Its absence, 
on the other hand, is an 
unmitigated evil, not least for 
those governments which de- 
ride that they can live without 
it 

It is to be hoped that 
Pretoria comes to realize its 
mistake and reverses its de- 
cision. Otherwise those who 
would promote revolution and 
chaos in South Africa may 
themselves come to realize 
that they can now spread any 
rumour and advance any slan- 
der in support of their cause 
without fear of contradiction 
by a discredited government 
and a muzzled press. 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Payment of VAT 
on bad debts 

From Mr Sidney Z Mancha 
Sir, An Official Receiver in bank- 
ruptcy has told me of the heavy 
increase in bankruptcy adjudica- 
tions during the last year or so, 
particularly on petitions signed by 
companies in the building and 
home-improvements businesses. 
The reason is not difficult to 
discover since the problem dates 
back 10 the introduction of VAT 
on the products of those busi- 
nesses which previously had been 
zero-rated. 

Section 22 of the Value Added 
Tax Act 1983 (as amended) and 
the Bad Debt Relief Regulations 
made thereunder provide chat a 
person who has supplied goods, cm 
which the tax has been paid, to a 
purchaser who has failed to pay 
the amount owing and has become 
insolvent may recover the tax paid 
from HM Customs and Excise. 

The provision is not unreason- 
able. The legal definition of insol- 
vent is “unable to pay his debts as 
and when they become due”, 
which wouid not be difficult to 
prove if following one or two 
unsuccessful demands for pay- 
ment, enquiries are made. 

Unfortunately, the Act itself 
provides a very different defi- 
nition of when an individual 
becomes insolvent He has to be 
adjudged bankrupt or have en- 
tered into a deed of arrangement 
or composition approved in ac- 
cordance with the pro visions of 
the Insolvency Act 1983. 

As a consequence, creditors are 
obliged, frequently against their 
will, to bankrupt some wretched 
debtor from whom they might 
otherwise have accepted a modest 
instalment payment or even can- 
celled the debt entirely, solely to 
enable the 1 5 per cent V AT on the 
debt to be recovered 

Bankruptcy, if not an actual 
disgrace, is a traumatic experience 
for any person to go through, 
particularly the unfortunate in- 
dividual who may be in this 
predicament through no fault of 
his own, perhaps because he has 
lost his job. 

Inspectors of taxes, not the most 
generous of revenue collectors, 
will allow a bad debt for relief 
against income tax on reasonable 
proof, far short ofbankniptcy, that 
the debt is bad. The regulations 
laid down by this Act are a scandal 
which Parliament should remedy 
without delay. 

Yours faithfully, 

SIDNEY Z.MANCHES, 

10 Duke Street, WI. 

December 9. 


A boost, not a crutch, for the arts 


Fight against Aids . 

From MrJ. ft. H. Chisholm 
Sir, It is all very weD for Mr Stokes 
(December 4) to blame the Church 
for inadequately extolling the 
Christian virtues of chastity and 
fidelity in marriage, but Par- 
liament has been devaluing mar- 

Not onlydothe tax laws benefit 
living in sin rather than marriage, 
but the lot of illegitimate children 
and one-parent families has been 
progressively ameliorated for ad- 
mirable short-term humanitarian 
reasons, regardless of the long- 
term consequences, which persist 
“unto the third and. fourth 
generations”. 

Yours faithfully, 

J. R. H. CHISHOLM, 

The Athenaeum, 

Pall Mall, SWl. 

December 4. 

From the Bishop qf Birmingham 

Sir, The pride of place given in 
The Times today to the letter of 
Mr John Stokes, MP, is revealing. 
Mr Stokes complains that bishops 
have given no leadership about 
chastity. But when a bishop spoke 
about chastity recently in the 
House of Lords (Hansard, Nov- 
ember 18, col 158) The Times, 
alone among the “quality” dailies, 
chose not to report it. 

Perhaps Mr Stokes’s strictures 
are addressed to the wrong target? 
Yours faithfully, 
tffUGH BIRMINGHAM, 
Bishop’s Croft, 

Old Church Road, 

Harborae, 

Bi rmingham, 9 

December 4. 


Locum services 

From Mr Leonard Allen 
Sir, Your recent articles (Novem- 
ber 24, 27) about locum medical 
services ignore the feet that there 
already exists a code of practice, 
agreed in 1979 by the DHSS and 
the Federation of Recruitment 
and Employment Services, to 
regulate such services. It seeks to 
establish a parallel between pay 
rates for agency locum doctors and 

their colleagues in full-time 

employment in the NHS. 

Locum medical services are not 
admitted to the federation until 
they have been carefully inter- 
viewed and their stability estab- 
lished. 

In accordance with legislation, 
careful checks are earned out on 
references, medical defence cover 
and qualifications. This informa- 
tion is made available to hospitals 
before the locum arrives to take up 
duties. 

Engaging locum doctors from 
agencies in membership of fee 


FRES is cheaper than engaging 
staff direct to fill short-term 
vacancies. Locum doctors receive 
no - holiday pay, sickness pay or 
paid study leave and are likely to 
need to relocate frequently at great 
personal expense and inconve- 
nience to fill bookings. 

Yours faithfully, 

LEONARD ALLEN, Director. 
Federation of Recruitment and 
Employment Services Limited, 

10 Befgrave Square, SWL 
December 2 


From Lord Kissin qf Camden 
Sir, We are used to fee feet feat ev- 
ery year fee reaction to Govern- 
ment mending on fee arts is one of 
general disappointment. This 
year, however, it appears to me 
feat the cries are considerably 
louder and fee groans more 
widespread than before. 

There is more than a hint from 
fee Government in feeir various 
announcements feat, whilst they 
are ready to offer fee arts a 
temporary crutch, in future the 
arts should look to sponsorship 
from fee private sector and other 
sources. 

In the past years the Arts 
Council has most honourably 
supported some 1,200 projects, 
many of them on a very small 
scale, and has spent well over half 
its fends outside London. If this 
policy is continued, admirable 
though it might have been in other 
circumstances, the major national 
institutions, not only in London 
but all over fee country, will begin 
to be starved of fee cash they need 
to ensure their continued ability to 
function at least at their present 
scale and at least at their present 
high standard. 

I would now advocate feat we 
should look most seriously at fee 
proposal made in the Priestley 
report on fee Royal Opera House 
and fee RoyaJ Shakespeare Com- 
pany in 1983, that specific funds 
for foe support of named institu- 
tions should be earmarked within 
the Government’s general funding 
of foe arts. I would support foe 
proposal feat those earmarked 
funds should be channelled 
through the Arts Council as fee 
Chairman of fee Royal Opera 
House has himself recently sug- 
gested. 

I would like to make three 
points. 

1. It is essential feat fee Govern- 
ment and the public should realise 
that fee standards of excellence 
maintained by fee national in- 
stitutions are in no sense elitist, 
but are, on fee contrary, fun- 
damental for foe preservation and 
progress of our national artistic 
life. They are a constant reminder 
of what can be achieved, and are a 
bastion against mediocrity and 
lack of discrimination. 

2. The Government’s grant-in-aid 
is not quite as generous as it would 
appear, as long as foe Chancellor 
daws hack a large part through fee 
imposition of VAT on foe arts. 

3. The standards of excellence we 
have maintain ed in our natural 
artistic life are essential for 
Britain’s worldwide artistic rep- 
utation. This in turn is what 
enables us to continue to derive 
those benefits we enjoy from fee 
arts, In the shape of invisible 
earnings and increased employ- 
ment. 

Finally, fee Government could 
give a demonstration of its belief 
that the general public, and 
particularly business and industry, 
have a social responsibility to 
support fee arts by lowering fee 
burden of VAT and increasing lax 
advantages. 

The Chancellor has given signs 
of loosening fee purse strings 
elsewhere. Why not, therefore, 
follow the more generous Ameri- 


can policy of offering wider rax 
deductions for sponsorship of fee 
arts? 

Yours faithfully, 

KISSIN of CAMDEN, 

32 St Mary at HiU, EC3. 

From Lord Donoughue 
Sir, It would be unfortunate if 
your readers swallowed at face 
value fee figures on arts expen- 
diture cited in the letter from 
Gerald Bowden, MP (December 
1 ). . 

His claim that central govern- 
ment expenditure on fee arts has 
increased since 1979 by 28 per 
cent presumably includes fee tem- 
porary replacement funding which 
partly compensates for fee loss of 
money following fee abolition of 
fee metropolitan counties. Not 
even fee Arts Minister has ever 
attempted to massage the statistics 
in this way and in his statement of 
November 8 fee Minister claimed 
a real increase of only 8 per cent 

That percentage is arrived at by 
using the “GDP deflator". If foe 
conventional retail price index is 
used (as recommended in foe 1 982 
Peacock report), foe result would 
be a 3.1 per cent decrease. Using 
the earnings index — certainly 
relevant to the arts with such a 
high proportion of their costs in 
staff pay — fee result is a more 
devastating decline of over 6 per 
cent. 

Mr Bowden claims a S.S per 
cent increase in next year’s arts 
allocation, but does not mention 
feat this includes £S.8miUion for 
fee special capital expenditure on 
fee British Museum extension. 
Without feat fee increase is 16 
per cent. I do not know what rate 
of inflation Mr Bowden antici- 
pates but he Should know that 
most City economists expect an 
outcome in fee range 4-6 per cent 
and some much higher that would 
indicate a real cut by March, 1988. 

As often, it depends on which 
way fee numbers are juggled. Even 
if Mr Bowden’s figures were 
correct, fee money we donate to 
fee arts is unforgiveably small 
Yours faithfully, 

BERNARD DONOUGHUE, 
House of Lords. 

From the Chairman of the Mus- 
eums and Galleries Commission 
Sir, Lord Kenyon (November 22) 
argues cogently fee National Por- 
trait Gallery’s case for additional 
space on foe dental hospital site. 
The Museums and Galleries 
Commission strongly reaffirms 
the support it has given to the 
gallery's plea for extra space in its 
present location ever since foe 
1972 White Paper, when David 
Eccles was Minister for the Arts. 

Tbe dental hospital scheme is 
not tbe chance of a lifetime: It is 
the chance of foe century. It would 
ideally complement foe planned 
extension to fee National Gallery, 
and create a cultural complex 
linking Trafalgar and Leicester 
Squares. It deserves support from 
both public and private sources. 
Yours truly, 

BRIAN MORRIS, Chairman, 
Museums and Galleries 
Commission, 

7 St James’s Square, SWl. 
November 27. 


The Awacs variation 

From the Chairman of The Gen- 
eral Electric Company, pic 
Sir, In your leader on Britain's 
airborne early warning system 
(December 10) you criticise tbe 
Calla ghan Government for mak- 
ing foe “wrong decision for foe 
right reasons” and then advise foe 
Thatcher Government to make 
foe wrong decision for no reason 
at all 

Neither Nimrod nor Awacs 
(airborne warning and control 
system) currently meets the RAF 
cardinal point specification. How- 
ever, GEC has demonstrated an 
ability to bring its systems to full 
specification and we presume 
Boeing can as well. 

Since March of this year GEC 
has had complete responsibility 
for managing this project and it 
has been working with its own 
money for half of the cost There 
have been none of foe bureau- 
cratic delays; the committees 
which met but never took de- 
cisions. 

We now have an AEW Nimrod 
which, in Mr Younger’s words, 
works. The aircraft can b? deliv- 
ered within three years and to foe 


standard laid down by foe min- 
istry. In delivery and cost we can 
beat Awacs, and since it is a more 
modem system, it can be stretched 
to meet increasing demands over - 
foe next 30 years. 

It is true feat Nimrod is smaller 
than Awacs, but this very fact has 
necessitated a higher degree of 
automaticity, the same tasks wife 
fewer operators, and a computer 
wife ten times fee capacity of fee 
present one: 

Lockheed will co-operate wife 
us in a lucrative export market, so 
you are wrong to surest this 
market has already been forfeited; 
Boeing understand this, even ii 
you do noL 

The difference between the two 
systems lies in the cost, the 
delivery time, the export potential 
for Britain and the effect on 
employment On each issue fee 
GEC proposal is more beneficial 
to fee British people. The dnty of 
fee British Government is dear. 
Both systems will defend Britain, 
but only GEC will defend British 
industiy. 

Yours faithfully, 

JIM PRIOR, Chairman, 

The General Electric Company, pte, 

I Stanhope Gate, Wl. 


Breath of summer 

From Mrs O. Lever 
Sir, Yesterday (December 7) I 
picked in my garden broom, roses, 
heather, japonica, geum, daisy, 
cow parsley, corn marigold, 
buttercup, dandelion, scarlet pim- 
pernel herb Robert, ivy-leaved 
toadflax, wild strawberry, ever- 
green alkanet, sweet violet, hawk- 
weed, soft comfrey, and two 
varieties of poppy, periwinkle and 
chamomile and there was a prim- 
rose in bud, which beats Mrs 
Walker (December 6). 

Yours faithfully, 

J. LEVER, 

Blackacre, 

Park Road, 

Plum tree, Nottingham. 

December 8. 

From Sir David Serpell 
Sir, On a clifF-pafe near here, well 
to fee west of Mrs Walker’s 
garden, my wife and I today 
(December 6) found — and did not 
pick! — some 40 different wild 
flowers. Amongst them were vi- 
olets. milkworts, bell heather, 
thyme, sea thrift, bladder cam- 
pion, scabious, tormentil and 
stilehwoa 
Floreai Devonia t 
Yours sincerely, 

DAVID SERPELL, 

25 Crossparks, 

Dartmouth, Devon. 

December 6. 




Burnham’s demise 

From Councillor John Hart 
Sir, Your leader today (December 
I) refraining from weeping over 
the demise of Burnham finds my 
eyes dry, too. 

Both Burnham committees 
have outlived their usefulness. 
Yes both. Mr Kenneth Baker has 
not mentioned fee Burnham fur- 
ther education committee. That, 
too, must go. 

Wife fee development of the 1 6- 
19 age group's education through 
tertiary colleges, manpower ser- 
vices initiatives etc, a 
salary/woridng conditions body 
needs to be developed which is 
appropriate to feat area. At 
present, teachers and college lec- 
turers can claim overtime (and do, 
sometimes generously); teachers 
cannot. 

That leaves lecturers in poly- 
technics and major colleges who 
do advanced work. At present no 
one covers them. They are lumped 
wife college lecturers, although 
what they do is akin to university 
work. Surely they should be 
earered for by a separate panel of 
some sort? 

Very truly yours, 

JOHN HART, 

London Borough of Barnet, 
Members? Room, 

Town Hall 
Hendon, NW4. 


ON TfflS DAY 


DECEMBER 11 1928 

Although overshadowed by the 
Upper Ganges canal scheme in the 
same Indian state, one of the great 
irrigation works in the world, the 
SardacanaL, was extended in 
1941. Its overall length, including 
its branches, qf 7,236 miles mode 
it one of the longest United 
Province s was renamed Uttar 
Pradesh when India became a 
republic in 1950. 


IMMENSE CANAL 
SYSTEM. 

ACHIEVEMENT IN 
INDIA. 

(From a Correspondent in Oudh.) 

To-day Sir Malcolm Hailey. 
Governor of the United Provinces, 
formally opens the Sards Canal, 
and fee day will be memorable even 
in foe wonderful history of irriga- 
tion in India. It is tha first large 

irrigation work that has been done 

in foe United Provinces for many 
years; its achievement is remark- 
able for the uncommon difficulties 
and dangers that have attended its 
construction; and it will be the 
longest canal system in foe world. 
The provision of a canal for 

utilizing in foe Ganges- Gogra wa- 
tershed the enormous volume of 
water which has hitherto run to 
waste in tbe Sarda river has been 
one of foe most contentious ques- 
tions for more than half a century 
in foe history of Indian irrigation. 
It has been frequently argued that 
the cultivators would not use the 
water but any remaining doubts 
on this question have now been set 
at rest by foe eagerness with which 
they have applied for the supply to 
begin. 

GREAT ENGINEERING FEAT 

The Sarda river rises in the 
Himalayas, and in its upper 
reaches forms the boundary be- 
tween the United Provinces and 
Nepal During heavy floods foe 
river has been known to discharge 
550,000 cubic feet a second, or over 
30 times as much as foe great 
Thames flood of last winter. The 
flow rarely falls below 5,000 cubic 
fleet a second. A barrage consisting 
of 34 bays, each of 50ft. span, has 
been constructed across the river at 
Banbassa (43 miles north-east oft 
Pilibhit), tbe point where the river 
debouches into foe plains. The 
openings will be closed by steel 
gates constructed try Messrs. 
Glenfield and Kennedy, of Kilmar- 
nock, who also supplied foe 16 
gates, each 20fL long, for the canal 
head. The canal itself has a bed 
width at the head of 350ft, and 
with a full supply depth of 8.1ft. 
will discharge 9,500 cubic feet a 
second. 

This great scheme comprises 
about 4,000 miles of canal and 
distributing fbnrmplB l command- 
ing an area of over 7,000,000 acres 
— that is to say, a region as large as 
all the fertile land of Egypt In a dry 
year over 1,500,000 acres wiD be 
irrigated. The country which will 
receive water is already highly 
cultivated, but the introduction of 
the canal, besides relieving distress 
and obviating heavy expenditure 
on relief works in famine years, will 
lead to a better class of crops being 
grown, and more particularly to the 
development of sugar-cane ... 
DANGERS AND DISEASE 
Few more difficult engineering 
tasks have ever been undertaken 
than foe construction of the upper 
reaches of the Sarda project. The 
headworks and the main canal forj 
its entire length of 27 miles, as also 
one of the main branches for a 
further 40 miles, lie in the depths oij 
one of the most unhealthy forest 
tracts in Northern India. None bat 
aboriginal tribes, who inhabit 
clearings in foe forest, could sur- 
vive tbe deadly climate. During the 
first years of construction (foe 
work began at the end of 1920) 
officers and labourers suffered 
much, and a heavy expenditure on 
anti-malarial work had to be 
incurred before the beadworte 
could be rendered reasonably 
healthy. Even in the later years it 
has been necessary to suspend 
work and withdraw labour and 
staff for four months each summer. 

Nor was this alL Wild animals, 
particularly wild elephants and 1 
tigers, made it ail but impossible to 
hold the labour collected for the 
woiic. When gangs of dacoits added 
further terror it was only by 
introducing a light railway and 
armed police that foe necessary 
sense of security could be instilled 
into the labourers to get them to 
stay on foe work. 

The great scheme will take some 
time to develop folly; but in dry 
years there will always be a keen 
demand for water, and as time goes 
on its benefits in raising the 
standard of cultivation will be 
realized even in wet years. It is 
anticipated that the project will 
yield to the State a net annual 
return of 7 per cent, on the capital 
outlay of about £7,500,000. But the! 

benefits to the humble cultivator! 
have been brought at a heavy cost 
in the vitality of the men feat gave 
them. Several engineers have been 
almost permanently incapacitated 
owing to Working imiiw malarial 

conditions in the Tarai, and it was! 
only by tbe most elaborate medical 
precautions that the scheme could 

m g(jraliw 


IS 

ll 

d 


Wheels and woe 

From MrJ. Pierson 
Sir, The Austin Montego was fee 
first car to be selected to carry fee 
coveted Design Council label 
It has just taken me one hour of 
solid tofl, a bottle brush, a box of 
tissues and copious amounts of 
methylated spirit io clean fee 224 
holes in fee wheel trims. 

The 16 circular inserts have, to 
date, defeated me. Perhaps the 
Design Council has developed a 
suitable tooL 
Yours faithfully, 

J. PIERSON, 

6 Dunlin Gose, 

Bam ford, 

Rochdale, Lancashire. 

December 6. 


18 


LAW 


..I 


Court of Appeal 


THE TIMES THURSDAY. DECEMBER 11 1986 


taw Report December 1 1 1 986 


Queen’s Bench 


u 


Effect of higher taxation is 
relevant in damages award 


Proving all parts of copyright offence 


WignaU ami 

Another 

Before Sir John Donaldson, 
MasteroF the Rolls, Lord Justice 
Lloyd and Lord Justice Nicholls 
[Judgment December 10] 

In assessing the damagespay- 
atde to an injured plaintiff for 
loss of future earnings and the 
cost of future care, a judge was 
entitled to take into account the 
effect which higher taxation 
would have on a larger award. 

The Court of Appeal so held, 
dismissing an appeal by the two 
defendants. J. R- WignaU and 
South Glamorgan Area Health 
Authority, from Mr Justice 
Hutchinson who on December 
20, 1985. awarded the plaintiff 
Linda Thomas, suing by her 
next friend Frank Lack Maffey, 
riamagff to talling £679,264. 

Mr Hers Ashworth, QC and 
Mr Michael Baker for the 
defendants; Mr Malcolm PiU, 


QC and Mr Vernon Pugh, QG 
fort 


’ the plaintiff. 

LORD JUSTICE 

NICHOLLS said that it was a 
tragic case concerning a young 
woman of 16 who, two weeks 
after her marriage, had under- 
gone a routine tonsil operation. 
The anaesthetic had gone 
wrong, causing the plaintiff 
severe brain damage. 

The defendants, who were the 
anaesthetist and his employing 
authority, admitted negligence 
so the only issue was as to 
quantum of damages. 

The judge’s award of 
£679,264, which was the highest 
ever made in a personal injury 
case, included £39,000 for loss 
of future earnings and £435,000 
for the cost of future care of the 
plaintiff who was seriously 
disabled and needed help in 
virtually every aspect of daily 
living. 

Id reaching those figures, the 
judge had used a multiplier of 
14, for a life expectancy of 28, 
and had then increased that 
multiplier to 15 to take account 
of the higher levels of taxation 
which the award would attract. 

The defendants referred to 
Cookson v Knowles ((1979] AC 
556) and Lim Poh Choo v 


Camden and Islington Area 
fleaith Authority ([1980] AC 
174) and argued that just as no 
account should normally be 
taken of future inflation, since 

that would be offset by the 

resulting higher interest rates, 
no account should be taken of 
higher taxation either. 

In Cookson v Knowles, Lord 
Fraser of Tullybdton observed, 
at p577; “In exceptional cases, 
where the annuity is large 
enough to attract income tax ata 
high rate, it may be necessa r y for 
the court to have expert ev- 
idence [as to its effect]. Whether 
in such cases it might be 
appropriate to increase the mul- 
tiplier, or to allow for future 
inflation in some other way 
world be a mailer for evidence 
in each case." 

Without referring to the 
authorities, it was dear to bis 
Lordship that, as a patera! rule, 
taxati on bore and would con- 
tinue to bear more heavily on 
the income of a large award of 
damag es than 00 of a sm»ll 
one. 

Hence there was a material 
distinction from the outset be- 
tween a very large award and a 
comparatively modest one, 
which one would expea a court 
to take into account when 
determining the award. 

Of course, prudent invest- 
ment planning could mitigate or 
offset some of the rigours of 
higher rates of tax; but where, as 
in the present case, tbe fund 
would have an annual income of 
over £30.000, it was unrealistic 
to approach the matter on the 
footing that the incidence of 
higher taxes should be wholly 
ignored. 

Thai observation of Lord 
Fraser had been made in the 
context of the different though 
related, question whether an 
award should be increased to 
allow for inflation. 

To the general rule that what 
was lost in inflation was gained 
by higher rates of interest, he 
had made an exception where 
the dependant's assumed annu- 
ity would be large enough to 
attract income lax at a high rate. 
The question in the instant 


case was whether, irrespective of 
any future inflation, some 
allowance should be made for 
the incidence ofhigh rates of tax 
on the income of that large 
award from the outset. 

Nevertheless, although the 
questions were different. Lord 
Fraser's approach to the ques- 
tion before him was consistent 
with the incidence ofhigh rates 
of tax being a factor properly to 
be taken into account when 
answering the question arising 
in the instant case. 

Furthermore. Lord Fraser’s 
statment that in exceptional 
cases expert evidence might be 
necessary could not be read as 
indicating that in every case 
such evidence was an essen t ial 
prerequisite to making any 
allowance far tax reasons. 

In the Lim Poh Choo ewe, the 
House of Lords had not bad to 
consider, or reject tbe question 
whether, regardless of future 
inflation, any adjustment „ 
should be made for the heavier 
tax on tbe large fund involved in 
that case. That did not seem to 
have been argued in that case, 
which was therefore an insecure 
base for the defendants’ argu- 
ment 

In the present case, the judge’s 


Mesa ▼ Le Maitre 
Before Lord Justice Stephen 
Brown and Mr Justice Tudor 
Evans 

[Judgment December 4] 

In proving an offence, under 


dant; Mr Michael Worstey, QC, 

for the prosecutor. 


section 21(4A) of the Copyright 
L 1956, as inserted by section 


Ad 

1 of the Copyright Act 1956 
(Amendment) Act 1982, it was 
not necessary for the prosecu- 
tion to tall the actual owners of 
tbe copyright to establish die 
existence of copyright. 

Tbe prosecution were re- 
quired to prove that copyright 
subsisted, that first authorized 
publication took place in 


LORD JUSTICE STEPHEN 
BROWN said that the defen- 
dant was charged upon two 
informations which all^yd that 
at a time whe n copyright sub- 
sisted in catrin anwTKunpaph 
films he had in hisjJOSSCSSOn by 

way of trade articles 'winch be 
knew to be infringing copies of 
the films, contrary to section 
21(4A) of the 1956 Act, as 
inserted. 

Tbe first related to six 

English bn q ma y fitmc and the 
second. related to 308 Indian 
l anguage films. The defendant 


rived their permission from the 
holders of the copyright to make 
the Indian films. The justices 
said that they were ggtigfiwi 
from that evidence that copy- 


Section 18(3X0 defined an 

rnnv" as a COpy 


right subsisted. 
Tbe< 


country to which the section- submitted that it was important 


extended and that the copies 
were infringing copies, but h 
was sufficient if they were able 
to establish Arose dements 
through the evidence of wit- 
nesses other than the makers or 
owners of the copyri gh t. 

The Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court allowed an ap- 
peal against a conviction upon 
one charge but dismissed the 
appeal against a conviction on a 
second charge by the defendant, 
Abdul Musa, on informations 
laid by the prosecutor, Chris- 
topher Le Maitre, an officer of 
the Federation Against Copy- 
right Theft, before Newham 
Justices on February 20, 1986. 

Mr Allen Dyer for tbe defen- 


forthe prosec uti on toprervethal 
at the time the offence took 
place copyright mhaaeri wt tfn» 
various firms , 

It was said that it had to be 
shown that the first authorized 
publication of the films took 
place in the United Kingdom or 
another country to which sec- 
tion 2 1(4 A) extended. By virtue 
of tbe C op yr igh t (International 
Conventions) Order (1979 SI 
No 1715) the United States of 
America, where tbs En gK«ft 
language films were m pdey and 
India were countries to which 
section 21 (4A) extended. 

Th e pros e c u t io n called a 
number of witnesses '- in the 
category of licensees who de- 


mesne 

choice of 14 as a multiplier and 


defendant said that it was 
necessary to adduce evidence 
from the makers of the films, or 
those who owned copyright, in 
order to esteblish that copyright 
subsisted. But - the. actual ev- 
idence of the witnesses estab- 
lished that authorized first 
publication took place in India 
and it also established a link 
with the makers or owners of the 
copyri gh t of the film. 

Accordingly, the prosecution 
dearly established in the case of 
the Indian films that c o py rig ht 
snbriged at the relevant time. 

But in the case of the English 
l ang uag e films there was no 
evidence similar to that in the 
case of tbe Indian films. There 
was no factual evidence as to 
where the films were first pub- 
fished. 

The only evidence was that of 
the prosecutor himself who 

warnin g ) film* and d ftfhuCffd 

that they were American and 
bore a ll the hallmarks of pirate 
copies 

Ac cordingly , the prosecution 
had not discharged the onus on 
them of proving that copyright 
subsisted in relation to the 
English brainy films. 


thefilm!" 8 . themaldpg of which 
constituted an infringement ot 
tbe copyright in the . . . fihn . . - 
or. in the case of an imported 
article, would have constituted 
an infringement of that ropy- 
right if tbe article had been 
made in the place into which it 

was imported". . . 

Accordingly, that was what 
had to be established and it was 
the w f an y of establishing it 
which had given rise to con- 


Warned 

List 

changes 


troversy. . , 

The magistrates were justified 

in inferring from tbe evidence 
called in the case of the Indian 
film* that copyright subsisted 
and «tw»t the copies were not 
authorized copies so that the 
ingredients of the offence were 
made oat. _ . 

But in the case of the English 


language films too much was 
taken for ; 


Warned List Exercise 

In the course of a statemer 
on December 10 in the Queer ? 
Bench Division on a Wamr- 
List exercise held on November 
7 Mr Justice Michael Davu-r 
said that in his capacity as th.- 
present judge in charge )f tk 
lists, he had directed the Clerk o' 
the Lists that while solicitor- 
bad the riehl to lodge consent* 
to postpone cases m the Warnec 
List, the derfc had a discretion 
whether to accept or refuse sucb 
consents and that as a general 
rule, consents to v acate fi xed 
dates should not be accepted. 

His Lordship had been raked 
by Lord Lane, Lord Chieft 
Justice and Lord Justice Wat- - 


granted. The founda- 
tion of the existence of copyright 

was not established to show that 
the articles were infringing 

§ince a criminal offence was 
char ged , each element of the 
offence had to be sufficiently 
established. 

Mr Justice Tudor Evans 


kins to conduct an inquiry into 
listing and disposal of non- 


the 


Solicitors: Williams & James 
for Bottoms & Webb, Luton; 
Claude Homby& Cox. 


faisadjustinentofitto 15 to take 
account of higher taxation was 
not unreasonable in tbe circum- 

stances. 

His Lordship also considered. 


No duty on pedestrian to keep a look-out 


and rejected a number of other 
mdsofar 


grounds of appeal. 


LORD JUSTICE LLOYD 
concurred in all respects save 
that he did not consider tbe 
increase of the multiplier from 
14 to 15 to take account of the 
incidence of higher taxes was 
justifiable, on which point he 
himself would have allowed the 
appeaL 


Trenayne v HBI 

Before Lord Justice Slade. Lord 
Justice Ralph Gibson and Sir 
Roger Ormrod 
[Judgment November 25] 

A pedestrian when crossing a 
multiple road junction was not 
under a duty either (I) to keep a 
look-out for motorists entering 
the junction against red traffic 
lights or (2) to make use of an 
adjacent pedestrian-controlled 


defe n d ant, Mr Demis Beverley 
H3H, from a decision of Mr 
Justice Macpherson, gfrripg at 
Blackpool District Registry on 
November 27, 1985, that he was 
solely liable for the injuries 
s uff ered by the plaintiff Mr 
David William Tremayne. 

Mr Richard drag, QC and 
Mr Timothy White for the 
defendant; Mr Michael 
Kershaw, QC and Mr Cecil 
Henriques for tbe pfatintiff 


Sir John Donaldson, Master 
of the Rolls, delivered a judg- 
ment concurring with Lord 
Justice Nicholls. 


Solicitors: 
Henner Attache, 


Hempsons; 

Cardin. 


that a motorist 
who foiled to stop at traffic lights 
was 100 per cent liable in 
negligence for injuries that he 
caused when colliding with a 
pedestrian who was cro ssin g 
over the road junction. 

Tbe Court of Appeal so held 
in dismissing an appeal by the 


SIR ROGER ORMROD said 
that the appeal c o ncerned only 
the issue of contributory neg- 


The plaintiff was crossing a 
compHcaied road junction at 
night when he was hit by the 
defendant's motor car soon after 
it had gone over the stop line 


when the traffic lights were red 
against die defendant. The 
defendant, who was not travd- 
fing fast, apparently had fitted 
to see tbe plaintiff. 

The judge found that the 
accident was caused wholly by 
the defendant’s negligence. 

On the appeaL the defendant 
suggested contributory negr 
ligence fry the plaintiff ot 
perhaps, 50 per cenL It was said 
that there was a duty on the 
p fennig to keep a proper look- 
out and to ensure that ft was safe 
for him u> cross before stepping 
out into the junction. 

Further, it was signed that the 
plaintiff ought to have crossed at 
the adjacent fight-controlled 
pedestrian crossin g rather than 
where he had. 

There was no duty in tew 


imposed on a pedstnan only to 
cross at a light -controlled cross- 
ing. He could cross where he 
liked providing he took reason- 


able care of his own safety. 

found 


The judge had found that 
proceeding against the red traf- 
fic light was conclusive against 
the defendant. He was correct. 
Tire defendant had said that had 
the plaintiff looked left towards 
his oncoming car he would have 
seen it and that he was not 
entitled, to assume traffic would 


stop on the light turning to red. 
tin tiff dit 


Tbe plaint 


'did not owe any 
of care to the 

this case. The 

frar ff ir coming towards him was 


specific duty 
defendant in 


controlled by traffic lights and 
lintifrs 




idSk 






Our best rate 


the plaintiffs failure to look 
down the toad along which the 
defendant was approaching did 
not constitute contributory neg- 
ligence. He was emitted to 
assume as he had, that the traffic 
would stop: 

Lord Justice Slade and Lord 
Justice Ralph Gibson delivered 

concurring judgments. 

Solicitors: John Whittle 
Robinson & Bailey, Preston: 
Roland. Robinsons & Fentons, 
Blackpool. 


Sentencing 
for thefts 
from students 


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Regina v Connolly 

Those who were convicted of 
“walk-in" thefts from students’ 
rooms at universities and other 
institutions must expect to re- 
ceive very severe sentences. 

The Coast of Appeal (Lord 
Justice Lawton, Mr Justice Mi- 
chael Davies and Mr Justice 
Rocfa) so stated on November 
24 when dismissing the appeal 
of Kevin Francis Gmnolly 
against the sentence of six years’ 
imprisonment imposed on trim 
on July 8 t 1 986 at Oxford Crown 
Court (Mr Justice McNeil) on 
his plea of guilty to nine offences 
of burglary of student residences 
at Oxford and Cambridge, ax a 
nurses’ home in Guildford and 
at a probation hostel in Oxford, 
and to two offences of using a 
false instrument (using stolen 
cheques to obtain cash). Sixty- 
six further offences were taken 
into consideration. 


jury cases in the Royal Courts of 
Justice. 

At the end of October, as pan 
of the inquiry, parties in all 158 
cpse* in the non-jury warned 
List were informed by letter that 
their cases would be listed for 
review on November 7, when 
his Lordship would expect -to be 
informed of the up-to-date pos- 
ition in every case. 

By November 7. 97 of those 
ctsps had cither settled or 
hearing dates bad been offered 
and they had disappeared from 
the Warned List. 

MR JUSTICE MICHAEL 
DAVIES said that judges and 
those who ran the courts were 
tired of ill-informed writing 
and slick television and lura” 
cast criticism which pot the 
blame for delays in civil litiga- 
tion principally, if not solely, 
upon the courts. 

One of his Lordship's tasks 
was to ensure that any substance 
in such criticism was remo ved. 
More important, his desire was 
to improve, if possible to the 
stage where it was beyond 
criticism, the service which the 
courts provided for the fay 
clients. 

To those ends the objective 
was that no non-jury case 
should reach the Wanted List 
later than six months after it was 
set down and no such case 
should, without good reason, 
not be offered an opportunity of 
being heard within three weds 
after it entered the Warned List. 

The most striking feet which 
had emerged from the Novem- 
ber 7 exercise was that the> 
practice of lodging “consents”^ 
to stand cases out of the Warned 
List for anything from two 
weeks to six months had be- 
come a way of life and in many 
cases six or more consents to 
delay had been lodged and 
accepted. 

His Lordship rejected the 
contention that so many parties 
were entitled to pul off their 
cases as long as their solicitors 
requested. Such cases impeded 
the smooth and consistent pro- 
gression of the Wanted List 
Requests to vacate fixed dares 


also caused great problems. 

had given the 


LORD JUSTICE LAWTON 
said that that kind of “walk-in” 
theft was a pestilential offence. 
It caused considerable hardship 
and difficulty to students, 
particularly in these days when 
many of them were on grants 
which ought not be a d equate for 
their needs. 

Tbe courts bad got to make it 
dear that very severe sentences 
would be imposed on men who 
behaved like that, getting into 
students' rooms when they were 
out (for example at lectures) and 
stealing valuables which were 
much prized and which students 
had difficulty in replacing. 


His Lordship 
following directions to the Clerk 
of the Lists: 

t While solicitors had the right 
to lodge consents to postpone 
cases in the Warned Lin. the 
Clerk of the Lists bad the right 
to accept or refuse them. It was 
impossible to lay down arbitrary 
criteria, but some factors in- 
volved were the age of the case 
and the length of postponement 
requested. 

2 As a genera] rule consents to 
vacate fixed dates should not be 
accepted. The Clerk of the Lists 
had a discretion. 

3 If the Clerk of the Lists refused 
consents in either of tbe above 
categories, she could refer the 
matter to the judge in duuge of 
the lists. To save costs, written 
representations would be 
considered by the judge, but 
parties were always entitled to 


* 



direct that they should do so. 

Consents should be fir more 
informative than they often 
were. 

Finally, his Lordship urged 
counsel, their solicitors arid 
clerks to have cases ready for 
hearing on the fixed daw, dr 
when it was likely to be listed, _ 
and to make early requests and 
give full information to the 
Clerk of the Lists (to be put dr 
confirmed in writing). v 


Home Secretary failed 
to consider illiteracy 
in immigration appeal 


ToLDept BuS.14., Abbey National Building Society, FREEPOST. 
201 Grafton Gale East, MILTON KEYNES MK9 IDA. 

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ABBEY 

NATIONAL 


Regina v Secretary of State for 
the Horae Department, Ex 
parte Dinesh 
Before Mr Justice Russell 
[judgment November 27] 

Insufficient regard was paid 
by the Home Secretary to 
evidence that an applicant for 
registration as a British citizen, 
pursuant to section 8(1) of the 
British Nationality Act 1981 
(registration of a woman by 
virtue of marriage), was illit- 
erate and innumeraie. 

Mr Justice Russell so held in a 
reserved judgment in the 
Queen's Bench Division when 
be allowed an application for 
certiorari by Rudiben Dinesh 
Bhiraa against the decision of 
the secretary of slate declining 
to _ register her as a British 
cmzen, in a letter dated April 24 
1985, on the basis that he was 

not satisfied as to the validity of 

her marriage to Dinesh Parbat 
Bhima, a British citizen, in 
accordance with section 8(1). 

His Lordship refused to gram 
a declaration that the applicant 
was. entitled to register as a 
. British citizen pursuant to 
lion 8(1). 

Miss Kathryn Cronin for the 
applicant: Mr Michael F. Harris 
for the secretary of state. 

^MR JUSTICE RUSSELL said 
dial the only basis for tbe refusal 
by the secretary of state was that 
the applicant foiled to show that 
she was the wife of Mr Dinesh. 
In all other respects it was 
accepted that the necessary cri! 

**> *<* 

The applicant, now agarf v\ 
and born in India, was illiterate 
and tnnumenue. She had been 
previously married at 16^3 


there were two children of dial 
mam age. but her first husband 
had died. The registrations of 
death and, in respect of the two 
children, the births bad been 
made some time after the 
respective dates. 

A few months after tbe 
of the first husband, allegedly oa 
April 30, 1977, the applicant 
said that she went through a 
marriage ceremony with Mr 
Dinesh on May 26, 1978, and 
although the death of her first 
husband was not registered until 
as late as April 1978, there was 
no sinister significance; in. his 
Lordship's view, as to iheJate 
registration. 

Mr Harris had conceded that 
the purported marriage certifi- 
cate was authentic but submit- 
ted that there were sufficient 
doubts as to whether a marriage 
bad I in feet taken place. 

Miss Cronin submitted, .inter 
alia, that the secretary of state 
and ms officials had paid in- 
sufficient regard to the feet that 
me applicant was illiterate and . 
innumeraie. which feet cotrich . 
have explained admitted 
accu racies on dates and nurif- . 

had paid insufficient 
re Sard to the authenticity of tBe 
"T^age certificate, and nqfr* 
Directed himself in gjvingnndpfc 
weight to discrepancies . in Sa - 
account of the nmrriage cere- . 
mony; and that, therefore.*’* 
decision was . flawed 

""f*bury grounds: 

(11948] 1 KB 223). 

His Lordship accepted' those 
submissions and would, tbere* 
tore grant tite application forafi 
order of certiorari. 


-f * 


- • 



on 

see 


Solicitors: Miss : Hilary “"rF 
£‘®ws» Hounslow; Tresswy 
Solicitor. 




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FINLAND 


Finland, a small country on the 
doorstep of a large and powerful one, 
has pursued a foreign policy which 
_ combines good relations with the 
Soviet Union and close ties to the 
West The post-war period has been 
marked by political st ability and a 
growing economy 


-_‘ V 

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Sr.- - 


jj . 


'• ii.. . > 
**• 

-V: 

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F or the last few years 
Finland has experi- 
enced a period of 
unprecedented politi- 
cal calm, coupled 
with economic prosperity. 
Unlike earlier, short-limi 
governments, the four-party 
coalition headed by Kalevi 
Sorsa has remained in office 
since its formation after the 
1983 general election. 

But this calm is now turning 
to busy speculation as the 
Finns prepare for two crucial 
elections. A general election 
will be held next March, 
followed by a presidential 
election 10 months later, in 
January, 1988. 

At issue will be the position 
of the Conservative Party 
which has not been in govern- 
ment since the 1960s but 
which is now the second 
biggest party and is being 
courted by both the Social 
Democrats, the biggest party, 
and the Centre Party. Also at 
issue is whether die com- 
munists, once a powerful force 
in Finnish politics, will con- 
tinue their headlong decline. 

One tiling is certain. Given 
the country’s system of 
proportional re pres e ntation, 
no party can even dream of 
having a majority of its own in 
the Eduskunta, the single- 
, chamber Parliament. 

?■ Usually the biggest party 
receives roughly a quarter of 
the vote and a quarter of the 
seats, and elections are fol- 
lowed by often difficult nego- 
tiations for the formation of a 
new coalition. 

Finland has long held a 
distinctive position on the 
European scene. As a result of 
its long border with the Soviet 
Union, and the two wars it 
fought with Russia in 1939-40 
and 1941-44, it has evolved its 

Tight control 
over political 
life has eased 

own sophisticated form of 
neutrality. 

This enables ft to have a 
treaty of friendship, co-opera- 
tion and mutual assistance 
with Moscow while politically 
£ and economically it has dose 
iinks with Western Europe. 

The policy is known as the 
Paasikivi line, after the 
country's president in the 
post-war period, and in its 
essentials it is not going to 
change, whatever coalition is 
formed next year. 

But it has led to certain 
inhibitions on Finnish politi- 
cal life, in the understandable 
interests of not upsetting the 
Russians; and participation of 
the Conservatives in the gov- 
ernment would be sig nifi cant 
because it was generally as- 
sumed to be objections from 
Moscow which kept them out 
in the past. 

The tight control over Finn- 
ish political life maintained 
for many years by former 
? President Urbo Kekkonen, 
often on the grounds that any 
alternative to him and his 
policies would disturb Mos- 
cow, has been eased by his 


THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 11 1986 








A SPECIAL REPORT 



neutrality work both ways 


successor, Mauno Koivisto. 

There has also, significant- 
ly, been more open criticism 
of the Soviet Union in recent 
years, reflecting a public opin- 
ion that hat no illusions about 
its neighbour. But such criti- 
cism is still limited, and is not 
officially encouraged. 

The present coalition is 
centre-left and node up of the 
Social Democrats, Mr Sorsa’s 
party, the Centre Party, the 
Swedish People’s Party, rep- 
resenting Finland's Swedish- 
speaking minority, and the 
populist Rural Party. 

Of these, only the Rural 
Party is expected to lose 
heavily, so that there is a 
temptation to continue tire co- 
operation between the Social 
Democrats and the Centre 
Party which has been the 
backbone of most coalitions 
since the war. 

But the Conservatives have 
grown in strength recently, 
which means that it is more 
and more difficult to leave 
them out. 

There is in addition a dose 
connection with the presiden- 
tial election due in 1988. 
President Koivisto, a Social 
Democrat is a dear favourite 
for re-election, but Paavo 
Vayrynen, the Foreign Minis- 
ter, has already been nominat- 
ed by the Centre Party, which 
he leads. 

Mr Vayrynen is an ambi- 
tious man who has his eyes on 
the 1994 election, if not next 
year’s, and his only chance of 
winning either is by getting the 
support of a broad non- 
socialist front including the 
Conservatives. 

It is the long rivalry of the 
Conservatives and tire Centre 
Party which has ted to the 
situation in which both the 
presidency and the prime 
ministership are held by So- 
cial Democrats, and many 
non-socialists would like to 
see an end of it 

The decline of the commu- 
nists is another sign of a long- 
term evolution in Finnish lire. 
The Communist Party (SKP) 
was the biggest party in the 
post-war period and had 25 
per cent of the vote as recently 
as 1958~But for a number of 
reasons, not least the country’s 
increasing prosperity, it has 
lost more than half its support 

The long-term wrangling in 
tire party has now led, for the 
first time, to the communists 
going into the election split 
into two separate parties. 

The Eurooommnnist major- 
ity has retained its grip on the 
SKP, and on the SKDL, the 
front organization in Parlia- 
ment, which indu d es a hand- 
ful of independent socialists. 
But the Stalinist faction has 
been forced to form its own 
organization, Deva. 

Each wing had hoped for 
exclusive support from Mos- 
cow, but both were disap- 
pointed last month when the 
Soviet party let it be known 
that it would maintain rela- 
tions with both. And accord- 
ing to opinion polls both face 
the prospect of losses in the 
election. 

Oil! Klvinen 



// • // 

7. // 


im j , ; 

iiif t W 




l, 

















No fears of 
the mighty 
neighbour 





fee .Jm 


-v 

in tfii 



M ax Jakobson, the 
Finnish diplomat 
and author, wrote 
not long ago: “Fin- 
land is forever at the mercy of 
the itinerant columnist who 
after lunch and cocktails in 
Helsinki is ready to pro- 
nounce himself upon the foie 
of the Finnish people. 

“A person visiting, say, 
London for the first time, who 
does not know English and has 
only a vague notion of tire 
significance of Dunkirk or tile 
role of Winston Churchill, 
would hardly be regarded as 
qualified to comment on the 
British scene today. 

“An equally profound ig- 
norance about Finland is no 
deterrent . . . ” __ 

This much, and more, Fin- 
land has in common with its 
dose Nordic relatives; the 
perception abroad that be- 
cause a nation is Messed with a 
small population and relative 
freedom from tire depreda- 
tions of mass tourism it must 
be an uncomplicated society 
whose nature is instantly com- 
prehensible to tire minority of 
sophisticated globe-trotters 
who visit from time to tune. 

The resulting dichfis differ 
slightly from one Nordic 
country to another but the 
exasperation they arouse, 
verging at times on fiuy, is 
much the same. Next time you 
meet a Norwegian or Swede, 
try describing Oslo or Stock- 
holm as “provintiaT. 

And if you ever should- 
happen to find yourself in 
Helsinki, see what happens 
when you raise the subject of 
“ Fmlandiz ation i”— by which 
F inland is said to have come 
under Soviet influence. The 
reaction will be sharp. 


Questioned on Fmland- 
ization, Finns argue with 
increasing vehemence that 
there has not been, even in the 
immediate pOSt-war years, 
any question of subservience 
to, or fear of their mighty 
neighbour to the east That has 
been a conceit of the super- 
powers and of those who tend 
to define everything that hap- 
pens In terms of superpower 
politics. 

What dang er there is. may 
well in fact emanate from the 
West, as the benefits of inte- 
grated trading and financing 
activities threaten to exact a 
heavy price in the cultural 
vitiation of a complex and 
almost brutally self-reliant 
society. 

On tins view the much 
discussed “balancing act” be- 
tween East and West is in the 
end more a balance of national 
interests than of ideologies or 
apprehensions. The facts, it is 
argued, speak for themselves: 

• Helsinki is one of only three 
belligerent European capitals 
— the others are Moscow and 
London — not to have been 
occupied during the Second 
World War. 

• About 80 per cent of 
Finland’s foreign trade is with 
the West 

re F inland is now the sixth 
richest nation in Western 
Europe. 

• Tire Furnish communist 
movement, in which a long- 
standing schism has during 
the past year been formalized 
into two separate parties, is an 
'impotent shambles, and has 
been for years. 

• Finland is a neutral nation 
and has been since the war. 

In this regard, Mr Jakobson 
makes a very telling point 


Background influence: Finland’s President Mauno 
Koivisto, top left, is watched over by a hose portrait of 
Lenin as he meets a Soviet dele gation. Hdsbkfs 
Sooth Harbour, above, is dominated by the neo-classical 
domes and pediments of the Lutheran cathedral. 

Nearby, the city's fish sellers ply from their boats 


“AD the countries liberated by 
the Western allies are now 
members of Nato; all the 
countries liberated by the 
Soviet Union are members of 
the Warsaw Pact The only 
countries which remain out- 
side tire two blocs are those 
which managed to stay out of 
tire war, plus two: Finland, 
which was not occupied, and 
Yugoslavia, which liberated 
itself” 

The death tins year of 
former President Urho Kek- 
konen, venerated as one of the 
architects of Finnish neutral- 
ity, was an event of great 
symbolic significance. But bis 
successor. Dr Mauno Koi- 
visto, bad long since estab- 
lished his own style, which 
follows the same general lines, 
and in October he reaffirmed 
it in a thoughtful speech 
coincidentally delivered bar- 
ely a week after the Reykjavik 
summit. 

tt is only a slight exaggera- 
tion to say that the president’s 
address to tire Paasikivi Soci- 
ety causal almost as much of a 
stir In the Nordic countries as 
the summit itself. 


Dr Koivisto spoke in favour 
of a Nordic nuclear-free zone, 
supported by Finland. But his 
most novel departure was his 
suggestion of a new agreement 
on confidence-building mea- 
sures designed to prevent 
naval clashes in the Nordic 
region 

He referred to the naval 
build-up in the region, to the 
fact that both ships and air- 


craft were now carrying cruise 
missiles, and specifically to 
Swedish concern over the 
activities of Soviet sub- 
marines. 

Starting points for such 
confidence-building measures 
already existed, he suggested, 
in the 1972 agreement be- 
tween the Americans and the 
Russians designed to prevent 
incidents at sea, and that 
should be extended to other 
countries' warships. 

He concluded: “There 
should be an effort to favour 
restraint in implementing sea 
exercises and landing man- 
oeuvres and, in the final 
analysis, to tone down the 
arms race”. 

Unexceptionable senti- 
ments, surely, especially from 
the president of a neutral and 
admirably stable nation. But 
the exegeses raged on for 
weeks. The final consensus 
was that it exemplified un- 
mistakably, by addressing its 
suggestions and implied criti- 


cisms to the East as wen as to 
the West, the neutrality of 
Finland. 

Any Finn will explain this 
to you, patiently and at length, 
if you but ask They are a 
kindly people that way and 
admirably eloquent in a for- 
eign tongue — their own 
language, as is vividly put by 
Jaakko Honiemi, general man- 
ager of the Union Bank of 
Finland, having functioned 
for untold centuries “not only 
as an impediment to reaching 
out, but also as a protective 
wall against foreign in- 
trusion". 

But gi ven all that, at this late 
date, might it be just possible, 
where this precious neutrality 
of the Finnish nation is con- 
cerned. that the Finns con- 
tinue to protest just a shade 
loo much? 

That's not for me to say, of 
course — not even after lunch 
and cocktails in Helsinki. 

Tony Samstag 


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Bright outlook as 
look West for new markets 


T he last few months 
have seen a consid- 
erable brightening in 
Finland's economic 
outlook after a dis- 
mal first half of the year. 
Exporters in particular are 
happy with the strong demand 
that has been shown in West 
European and North Ameri- 
can markets. 

Finland is in a curious 
position because the fall in oil 
prices and the US dollar were 
a mixed blessing for her. In the 
long run the fell is naturally a 
beneficial factor, but in the 
short run Finland* s stabilizing 
and profitable trade with the 
Soviet Uni cm has suffered 
serious setbacks. 

The reason is simple. Trade 
with the Soviet Union is 
conducted almost exclusively 
on a bilateral barter hara 
This means th at imports and 
exports must balance at the 
end of each five-year agree- 
ment; and Finland* s imports 
from Russia consist almost 
entirely of raw materials, with 
oil playing a major role. 

So the F inns have embarked 
on an extensive search to find 
more to import from Russia to 
maintain their level of ex- 
ports. But the results have 
been meagre as Soviet in- 
dustry is by and large unable 
to produce goods that would 
be competitive in an open 
Western market 
The trade with the Soviet 
Union, which has been run- 
ning at around one-fifth of 
Finland’s foreign trade, has 
already this year led to a 
Finnish surplus of four billion 
Rnnmm tt (almost £600 mil- 
lion) . 

This means that Finnish 
exports to the Soviet Union 
will fen by about IS per cent 
this year, though both sides 
have made strenuous efforts 
to avoid a major &Q. 

For Finland, trade with the 
Soviet Union has always been 
an important means of avoid- 
ing high unemployment anri 
offsetting the foil force of 
Western recessions. It has 
played a major role in 
Finland’s post-war economic 
success story, which has lifted 
her from nowhere to among 

War and 
peace 
with the 
Russians 

Finnish history can be said to 
have begun when various 
groups speaking a Finno- 
Ugrian language arrived from 
across what is now the Gulf of 
Finland. 

Tacitus, the Roman his- 
torian, referred to a people 
called the Fenm, who may 
have been Finns or perhaps 
Lapps, a d if fe ren t, earlier 
group. 

In about AD 1155, King 
Eric DC of Sweden decided 
that the Finns should be 
incorporated into Christen- 
dom and arrived there in 
force, accompanied by an 
Englishman, Bishop Henry of 
Uppsala, whom he left behind 
in charge of a newly founded 
bishopric. Henry was mur- 
dered, and became Finland’s 
patron saint 

This was the beginning of 
several centuries of associ- 
ation with Sweden during 
which Swedish settlers moved 
in and the country became a 
grand duchy within the Swed- 
ish kingdom. There were, 
however, constant wars be- 
tween Sweden and the grow- 
ing power of Russia, many of 
them fought over Finnish 
territory. Eventually, the 
Swedish-Finnish aristocracy 
began to think of enlisting 
Russian help in support of 
greater independence, and in 
1809 this led to a treaty in 
which Finland passed from 
Sweden to Russia and Tsar 
Alexander I became Grand 
Duke. 

Finland had a special status 
under Tsarist rule and, in 
response to a growing sense of 
Finnish nationalism, it was 
decreed that for the first time 
the F inni sh lan g na y should 
have equal standing with 
Swedish. Both languages are 
still official. 

After Alexander H was 
assassinated in 1881 there was 
increasing pressure from St 
Petersburg, culminating in the 
abrogation of the Finnish 
constitution and a policy of 
Russification which for a time 
made Russian the official 
language. 

By the time of the Russian 
revolution in 1917 Finland 
had had enough of Russian 
rule and, with the approval of 
Lenin, declared its indepen- 
dence. But that was immedi- 
ately followed by a civil war 
when Furnish Red Guards, 
sympathetic to the Bolsheviks, 
tried to sene power. They 
were confronted by General, 
later Marshal, Gustaf Manner- 
heim who, at the head of the 
White Guards, and with Ger- 
man support, defeated them. 

There was then a curious 
interlude- when the Finnish 
government invited the Prince 
of Hesse, brother-in-law of the 
Kaiser, to become king. But 
the idea was dropped after the 
end of the First World War. 


the dozen wealthy nations 
with a per capita GNP one 
quarter higher than that of 
Britain. 

Cutbacks in bilateral ex- 
ports have created difficulties 
for firms which are not able to 
adjust to changed circum- 
stances. The worst affected are 
the textile, do thing, leather 
and shoe industries. 

AH this means that the 
employment situation has 
worsened considerably, and it 
is feared that it wiD rise to 
somewhere near 7 per cent, 
which is higher than at any 
time during the last decade. 

The Finnish and Soviet 
authorities have held dis- 
cussions in an attempt to 
avoid a drastic fell in their 
exchanges. Among other 
things, different credit meth- 
ods have been discussed. The 
newest and, in the long term, 
potentially most promising 
ideas are to do with joint 
ventures. 

The Soviet leadership has 
invited leading F innish bus- 
inessmen to talks on the 
subject. But they arc still ax an 
early stage, and pr ogres s can- 
not be quick because, for one 
thing, Soviet legislation in 
areas such as the repatriation 


of profits to Finland would 
have to be changed. 

The fell in oil prices has. 
however, led at the same time 
to faster growth in Western 
markets and there are already 
dear signs that Finland's at- 
tempt to sell the capacity 
released from Eastern trade to 
the West is succeeding. 

All this has led the Finance 
Ministry to rerise its pre- 
dicted growth rate back to j 
per cent this winter. 

Finland has been able to 
maintain a rapid growth of 
rou ghl y 3 per cent for a 
number of years, but 1986 
threatened to pull her to below 
the OECD average. It seems 
likely, however, that the 
quickly improving situation 
wifl.enable her to end this year 
with a 2 per cent growth. 

F inland has tradition- 
ally been an inflation- 
prone country and the 
spectre of rising prices 
is again visible. Consumer 
prices rose between December 
1985 and October 1986 by 3.3 
percent. 

But the last two months of 
the year should be calmer, so 
that the annual infla tion figure 
should be roughly 3.5 per cenL 




iSS 


-v 


*• V -V*. 



Lofbad: wood exports are a major part of Finnish economy 


In 1939, after the Nazi- 
Soviet Pact. Stalin demanded 
territorial concessions from 
Finland and. when they were 
refused, invaded. In the sub- 
sequent Winter War, Finland 
won the admiration of the 
world for its resistance, 
headed once again by Marshal 
Mannerh eim. But it had to 
come to terms in 1940. 

Finland went to war for a 
second time in 1941 when, in 


alliance with the Germans, it 
invaded the Soviet Union. It 
made some impressive gains 
but eventually had to rec- 
ognize that it had chosen the 
wrong side. 

In 1944 it negotiated new 
peace terms which included 
the stipulation that it should 
drive ail German troops out of 
Finnish territory, the loss of 
territory in the Arctic and 
Karelia, and heavy repara- 


Anoihcr worry is ta tisr 
price competitiveness of Fa®. 
ish industry i*- in term s of 
relative unit labour coses, ' 
below its long-term averags, : 
and will this year forther 
deteriorate. 

But the long-term economic 
policies, which have brought 
about rapid growth and stable . 
conditions, have not after all 
had a real setback this year. £ 
Even so, during the sprit® 
the economic consensus 
which the employers, the trade 
unions and the government 
have observed for more than a 
decade, showed clear signs of 
breaking down when the 
country experienced a number 
of strikes. 

It is likely that the economic 
consensus, which has beat 
marked by wide-ranging cen- 
tralized agreements on wages, 
prices and taxes, will have a 
slightly easier year ahead even 
though the March elections 
may cause some pressures. 

On the other hand, this year 
has brought with it a new 
phenomenon, speculative pre- 
ssures a gains t the Ficnmark. 
Increased use of the FmnnnJf j. 
as a payment currency, 
foreigners' Mark-denomi- 
nated portfolio investments in 
Finland and the expansion of 
F inni sh companies’ economic 
activities abroad have fostered 
interest in Finland and the 
Finnmark. 

In the spring, rumours 
about an impending devalua- 
tion of the Finnmark pro- 
mpted some foreign economic 
agents to hedge their 
Fbmmark claims. The Bank of 
Finland had to fight back with 
its limited weapons. 

The call money rate was 
finally raised to 40 per cent 
and after a period of tense 
waiting it helped to calm the 
markets. The country was, 
however, saddled with a pe-.- 
nod of very high interest raters 
which in turn slowed down 
real investment 
The whole affair of the 
defence of the Finnmark has 
left the country pondering the 
diffi culties that the convert- 
ible currency of a small coun- 
try faces in today’s world. 

OUi Kivinen 


tions. It also had to grant a 
Soviet base on the PorkJcala 
peninsula outside Helsinki. 

The Finns met the terms. 
They also decided that, with 
the Soviet Union more power- 
ful than ever, they had to 
establish a modus vivendi with 
it, and that was the basis for 
their policy of neutrality, and 
in particular the treaty of 
friendship, co-operation and 
mutual assistance signed with 
Moscow in 1948 and renewed 
regularly since. 

The Finns were later re-f 
warded by Soviet withdrawal 
from the Porkkaia base, and 
over the years have been able 
cautiously to build up links 
with Western Europe. 

They are now full members 
of the European Free Trade 
Association (Efta), have 
joined the European Space 
Agency and are taking part 
with other Western European 
countries in the Eureka high 
technology project 

Peter Strafford 



(UKHTD, SHEFFIELD PARK SAWMILLS: 


HACKMAN 

IKFIElD. EAST SUSSEX 
TEL: (082 572) 2181/6 


to 


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THURSDAY DECEMBER 11 1986 


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Opera’s new home 





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I ’ ’ Abend a month ago, Gttstav ^brfcstraad, the 

j.<-' a^PI? I Arts Minister, caused a small explosion near 

l§m» v . V ’ ’ **' - - . the centre of Helsinki; be was ceremonially 

- /: ,:i „i ’ ? hbsdng the first piece of rode on the site of a 

|V, “ new national opera house. 

* ■: ■ ■ The Finnish National Opera and the opent> 

fSS^WV*’ ' '1 ■■ * 4 - going pnUk had been waitnig for the occasion 

Bap • It- ) ’ , '- A eagerty, indeed desperately, for years because 

•"■, ■> ; 9 it lad been deferred again and again since 

j ^ ‘ 4 3 f plans were finalhed in 1979. 

||i|||Kt f ■ . Long and farions argnm^ts had been raging 

MBBB # -*■* * ■;w* ahoof the site, size, costs and fonding of the 

Miy * - If ! bmldhtg. Indeed, at times t he ent ire project 

Df J _ ■. *£,* had bMn in danger of extmctxm through 

^WA ’■ . i: # v political iwfigfcringj well ns hostility from 

*? H competing interests and certain philistine 

. . -■ ■' . . o l senior civil servants in the Finnish Treasury. 

:- •’ .* Jt '■ * - 1 Yet a new opera house has been needed for a 

•"» ' > - long time. The National Opera works in a 
: r*/ * ; - c charming hot hopelessly small Victorian honse 

:;: ; ■ 'mRS*!*'' T ■ ’ - ? ■ ' which seats only about SOD; the demand for 

' r • * -x ' j '. • . . • ij; , : seats has becwM overwhelming. 

jB ^ P y m' '■ ■ L ;.j The reason is that opera has kxag since 

-# '■'!■■ ceased to be “aitist” in Finland; it has become 

JgRsgg \ f . % a popalar art form. This is largely dne to the 

y mfifepaBy jp* t c y_* V Sawntima Opera Festival, held each summer 
■;•' .. // -. fSE&Sssr JP ; .• , { 'rj«* -V in the conrtyard of a splendid medieval castle 

~ ' • wJ- ■ -t^v: ■-' in the sonth-east Fnumh lakeland. 

m£&/ f y * } if r Fow, or even five, opttas are presented over 

^ ; ' some fonjMveeks to a capacity audience of well 

t . i The works cover a wide range: the entreat 

$K**ylr‘ .’•■ *&£&¥• £■ ’ j repertoire indsdes the fasdnali^ and disturb- 

fm : ’ '' - - rT ing The King Coes Forth to France, by Urn 

^ ”• - . V Finnish composer Atdis Saffine* - a joint 

V* •':*'* *• *v?i| SavonlinnaCovent Garden-BBC commissum 

. ■■ W lalB to be seen at the Royal Opera House next April 

JBSn " - '• — Aida, and The Ma&c Flute in Angost 

Ever ding’s evergreen prodnethm. The success 
of the latter has been so great that it will enter 

5695011 ° ext summer. 

n It was daring the artistic directorship of the 

Breaking new ground: SaOinen's latest opera. The King great bass Martti Taheia, between 1972 and. 
Goes Forth to France, dim for a British prem&re next year 1989, that Savonlinaa achieved its mter- 




national s t a t u re, aWy iwintelned by bis 
successors; and it was dm soccess of this 
festival that created the abiding interest in 
opera that is so remarkable. 

No less remarkable is the continmms wetting 
np of singing talent. The National Opera 
maintains an ensemble of a respectable 
standard; some of its members are of 
international stature . 

For example. Jorum Hynninen, one of dm 
directors of the National Opera, is un- 
doubtedly one of the greatest baritones of oar 
time, equally masterly on dm opera stage and 
on the Lied platform, yet cnrioosly neglected 
by the major recording companies. 

However, the present small ho&se cannot 
accommodate all dm rai»n f fb*t keep s emerg- 
ing and many Finnish singer s have m ade their 
careers abroad. Thus Martti Talvela has been 
followed on the iitfwiwfaMi drarit by other 
basses, notably the Wagner singer Matti . 
Sahninew, and latterly Jaakko Ryhfinen. The 
young soprano Karita Mattfla is becoming a 
well-liked guest at the Royal Opera Hoose. 
There are many others. 

Bat the vigour of Finnish musical life is not 
confined to opera. There are two remarkable , 
rhfltnh»r mnsk festivals held in summer. , 
Oddly enough, both are foanded and nm by 
cellists. The festivals are held at the ancient 
city of Naan tali in the south-east in Jane by 
Arto Noras, and in Knhmo in the nort h -e as tern 
backwoods in Jnly and August by Seppo 
Kimanen. 

Finnish mask has long since emerged from 
the shadow of Sibelias. Composers such as 
Joonns Kokkonen and Antis Saltinen, 
EinojnHaBi Ramavaara, f mar En glond ami 
Erik Bergman speak with highly indmdoal 
voices. They are being followed by a yoanger 
generation creating original, bold and even 
radical music. Their names are mostly 
unknown abroad as yet, bot some at least will . 
make their mark in htnx years. 

Erkki Ami 


From start 
t 



ft 



The Finns crane to Britain fin* m(n% than 
the Lombard RAC Rally. 

During 1986, the Finnish Paper available on the market . These have 
Industry came to Cornwall for large to be supported by an excellent 


Lapps, lakes and an all-year Santa 

T he Finns are fbrtu- . . . * 

nate in their tourists; 
most people who 
make the effort to go 

ihpra «na kn4h nnn« 


amounts of china clay from ECC 
International. 

Like their rally drivers, Finnish 
Papermakers are very careful in 
their selection of suppliers. 


local team on the ground , by a full 
technical back-up service devoted 
to making the best use of the 
materials currendy available and in 
the development of appropriate new 


T he Finns are fortu- 
nate in their tourists; 
most people who 
make the effort to go 
. . then: are both appre- 
ciative and knowledgeable 
about the country. They go for 
expanses of lakeland and for- 
est or bare rocky coastlines 
;i and islands, for striking mod- 
- era architecture or painted 
medieval churches, for festi- 
vals of music in picturesque 
settings. 

But the Finns are not above 
cashing in commercially on 
some of the cliches that persist 
about a remote, supposedly 
snowbound, northern coun- 
try. This accounts for the 
success of the **Santa Claus 
land" tours by which you can 
pop over for a day trip on 
Concorde — twice a year, on 
Midsummer’s Day as weD as 
Christmas Eve. 

It is vastly expensive, but 
you are guaranteed no exer- 
tion greater than lifting your 
champagne glass. And there is 
nothing wrong with a trip that 
carries you through the holi- 
day period in spectacularly 
exotic scenery well away from 
a British Christmas — though 
the nature-conscious Finns 
might think twice abput the 
use of snow scooters in their 
precious wilderness. 

Blue H’lflgs; Finnairs in- 
flight magazine, even had an 
exclusive interview with Santa 
noting that the great man is 
put out by the cliches that 
have blurred his image. 

He would not, he points 
out, be caught dead at the 
North Pole (“a dumpP’), nor 



Sledge for the sick: 
fpjmifff that became i n are 
too valnble for the 
Lapps to abandon. Every 



does he fancy climbing down a 
chimney even if he could fit. 


part of Lapland ‘Christ- 
masland* and have officially 


“All those misunderstand- declared that to be its name." 


ings happen because Tm so 
busy" he said. “1 simply don’t 
have time to let people know 
about all my comings and 
goings. There are so many 
children in the world . . . 


Apart from such exotica, the 
Finnish Tourist Board identi- 
fies a commercial trinity of 
prime holiday destinations: 
Lapland. Lakeland (in eastern 
Finland) and Leningrad, as 


“In fact, my territory proper vuell as events of cultural and 
consists of Korvatunturi only, sporting interest There are 


an Arctic fell in Lapland, but 
the Finns have understood my 
value as an internationally 
famous figure — even if I say 
so myself. That is why they let 
me call tire whole northern 


about 1,500 “events” an- 
nually, including world-stan- 
dard concerts in magnificent 

settings. 

Visa-free cruises to Lenin- 
grad are to be reintroduced 



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ared to these 
ble animals 


next year, and cheap cruises or 
, train journeys to Soviet 
| destinations are favourites 
| among Finns as wdl as foreign 
i tourists. 

Possibly with the exception | 
E of Iceland, which is expecting 
1 a tourist boom next s umme r 
/ thanks to publicity generated 
by the summit meeting earlier 
this year, Finland is the least 
visited of the Nordic countries 
with no more than 500,000 
tourists a year, predominantly 
Swedes and West Germans. 

The Japanese have been 
discovering Finlan d of late, 
with winter honeymoons in 
Lapland something of a 
growth industry. Couples are 
said to find the combination 
‘Christ-. exotic scenery and long 
iffidaHy bours of darkness irresistibly 
nam e" romantic, and another Fmn- 
tfes the ^ speciality, the s aun a. Is a 
lidenti- particular hit 
jjutv 0 f One chche, at least, has been 

nations demolished - that Finland is a 
eastern land of 60,000 lakes. A group 
Tart as at the Oulu University 
nrd and “““ted them last year, by 
^ k^d, on maps to the scale 
s »» on. 1:20,000 and discovered there 
•Irt- cran- are exactly 187,888 lakes. The 
nHrn-nt advertisements now round it 
up to 200,000. 

Tf!nin . For their own holidays, the 
Finns tend to gravitate to their 
^ cabins on one or another of 
the lakes, or head south, 
leaving magnificent coastal 
reaches hugely to the Swedes. 

But perhaps the most 
rewarding aspect of befog a 
tourist, or even a business 
traveller, is a national passion 
for design, evident wherever 
you go. 

There are more than enough 
shops to relieve you of your 
hard-earned markka in return 
for some exquisite artefact or 
other in the c la s s ically spare 
Nordic style, but also in small 
miracles of ornateness reflect- 
ing the Byzantine, eastern 
influence. 

‘Arctic design’ for 
very cold weather 

It is worth looking out for 
examples of “Arctic design", 
the adaptation of industrial 
products to extremely cold 
weather. To many Finns, even 
an ice-breaker plying the Bal- 
tic is a thing of brainy and 
their cruise ships are designed 
and run to a standard which 
make some workaday Nordic 
passenger services suffer 
humiliation. 

Most striking to the British 
visitor, and other more south- 
ern races, is the perpetual 
darkness of winter — inside as 
well as out. The Finns, like all 
the Nondic people, are ob- 
sessed with light. They spend 
half the year exercising all 
their internationally famous ; 
design skills in the straggle to , 
soflen an environment from 
which illumination has fled, 
and the other half glorying in 
its abundance. 

But the winter campaign is 
waged with subtlety. The 
weapons, which include lamps 
of all descriptions, superbly 
conceived and wrought, and 
the ubiquitous candle in near- 
infinite variety, are deployed 


singly or in mated clusters, 
like oases in a desert of night. 

The result, in home and 
office, Is an obfuscatory 
gloom. It is a very Nordic 
paradox: darkness turned 
against itsettj the intimacy of 
the dimly lit interior as a 
shelter against the greater, 
terrible darkness outride. 


Both for filling and coating their products. In other words a supplier 
papers the Finns expect service that leads the 

the highest quality |H I ( field at every stage - 

consistent materials from ECC International . 


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WHAT IS UPM? 

The United Paper Mills Group — known as Yhtyneet Paperitehtaat in Finnish - is a 
leading forest industry concern in Finland Founded in 1920, the parent company 
is a public company with 11,000 shareholders. Some 90 per cent of UPM Group 
turnover originates from wood. Key business areas are newsprint and magazine 
paper, packaging and other converted paper and plastics products. Turnover in 1986 
is around USD 1,000 million, of which exports from Finland and turnover of foreign 
subsidiaries account for some 80 per cent. The Group has 9,400 employees, of 
whom about 8,500 work in Finland. 

Profitable Growing and Developing An Excellent Investment 


Profitable 

UPM was recently ranked the most 
profitable paper industry group in 
Finland by "Kauppalehti' the leading 
Finnish business publication. And a 
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places UPM among the most pro- 
fitable paper industry groups in 
Europe in 1985. 

The Croup's return on investment in 
1985 was 18.4 per cenL Profit before 
taxes was FIM 476.5 million, which 
was 10.3 per cent of the turnover. 


Turnover grew by 13.1 per cent in 
1985. Investments were FIM 967.7 
million, 21.0 per cent of turnover. 
UPM's biggest capital expenditure in 
the 1980s - altogether more than 
USD 600 million — has been three 
big paper mills, two in Finland and 
one in North Wales. 

UPM has recently gone more deeply 
into the disposables business by con- 
structing a paper mill where no 
water is required in the manufactur- 
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Another growing business area for 
UPM is self-adhesive labelstock. 
Turnover in this field has grown from 
USD 1 million to USD 100 million in 
six years. 


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UPM has paid 12 per cent dividends 
for the last four years. Earnings per 
share in 1985 was FIM 109.4. with 
the nominal value at FIM 100. The 
P/E ratio was 2.1 



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THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 1 1 1986 



Sale room 


COURT AND SOCIAL £91, 


is paid for Dali necklace 


COURT 

CIRCULAR 


BUCKINGHAM PALACE 
December ICh Mr R E Burges 
Watson was received in audi- 
ence by Hie Queen and kissed 
bands upon his appointment as 
Her Majesty's Ambassador 
Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary at Kathmandu. 

Mrs Burges Watson had the 
honour of being received by The 
Queen. 

His Excellency Monsieur 
Kiril Shterev and Madame 
Sblereva were received in fare- 
well audience by The Queen and 
took leave upon His Excellency 
relinquishing his appointment 
as Ambassador Extraordinary 
and Plenipotentiary from the 
People's Republic of Bulgaria to 
the Court of Si James's. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. 
President of the Federation 
Equeslre Internationale, 
accompanied by The Princess 
Anne. Mrs Marie Phillips, at- 
tended Hearings and the Gen- 
eral Assembly of the FEI at the 
Waldorf Hotel today. 

Mr Brian McGrath was in 
attends nce. 

His Royal Highness. Presi- 
dent of the FEI. accompanied by 
Her Royal Highness, this eve- 
ning attended a dinner and 
presented the prizes for the 
TARMAC/FEI International 
Showjumping Competition at 
Saddlers* Hall. 

Major Rowan Jackson. RM 
and Mrs Timothy Holderness 
Roddam were in attendance. 
CLARENCE HOUSE 
December 10: Brigadier Helen 
Meechie today had the honour 
of being received by Queen 


Elizabeth The Queen Mother, 
Commandant-in-Chief. 
Women's Royal Army Corps, 
upon relinquishing her appoint- 
ment as Director of the Corps. 

Brigadier Shirley Nield also 
had the honour of being re- 
ceived by Her Majesty upon 
assuming her appointment as 
Director of the Women's Royal 
Army Corps. 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother, a Master of the Middle 
Temple, was pleased to dine 
with her fellow Benchers at the 
Middle Temple this evening. 

The Lady Grimthorpe and Sir 
Martin Gilliat were in 
attendance. 


The Duchess of Gloucester. 
Patron of Cot Death Research. 
The Foundation for the Study of 
Infant Deaths, was present this 
evening at a Charity Preview of 
An Italian Straw Hat at the 
Shaftesbury Theatre of Comedy, 
London WC2. 

Mrs Howard Page was in 
attendance. 

YORK HOUSE 

December 10: The Duke oFKent 
today opened the new tunnel for 


By Hnon Mallalien 
In New York on Tuesday a 
surrealist necklace desigsed by 
Salvador Dali sold for $182,000, 
or £91,034, going to a collector 
from London. It consisted of an 
amethyst surround ed by a tangle 
of gold and diam ond arms and 
legs, or perhaps branches, and 
suspended hum s gold, diamond 
and sapphire chain. 

According to Dali it was a 
**cor-?flgraphic neckace" and it 
came with a watercolour design 
dated 1964 (estimated 590,000 
to £120,000). Tbe jewellery sale, 
held by Christies, made a total 


Christies also offered jewell- 
ery in London yesterday making 
£917.598, witil only 3 per cent 
bought in. A ruby am? diamond 
necklace, together with a march- 
ing Coral spray brooch an * ear 
dips, went to London Hilton 
Jewellery at £60,500 (estimate 
£35,000^000). 


Knoepke of Newtown, 
Connecticut. 

Perhaps the earliest known 
commemorative coin, a silver 
dekadrachma of Syracuse, str- 
uck in honour of tire Greek 
victories in Sidly in about 
400BC, was bought by Spink at 
£27.500. This coin was last on 
the ir ffvfc** 1 in 1955 when it was 
sold bv Glendmmgs for £500 
(estimate £ 12 , 000 ^ 18 . 000 ). 

In Glasgow, a sale of art 
nouveau and twentieth century , 
decorative arts held by Christies 
saw a sutpris m g price of £1X650 
which was paid for a bronze and 
ivory figure of a female archer 
modelled by Ferdinand Preiss 
(estimate £3.000-£5,000). 


An Italian dealer paid £39,600 
for a handsome square-cur em- 
erald ring with a stone weighing 
2_35 carats (estimate £fL0OO- 
£ 10 , 000 ). 


the AlfM) at Hatfield and the n f Cdauou (ir ft 70 - 170 ^: 
new extension at Hertfcntishire £th 


Police Headquarters, Welwyn 


Glendinings, the coin division 
of Phillips, dispersed the coQec- 
tion of ancient Greek coins 
belonging to the late Olga H 


OBITUARY 

MR ANATOLY 
MARCHENKO 
Hero of Soviet dissent 


1 ‘ . 1 '/ \ 

>. ■ i ■ 


« • 


Garden City. His Royal High- 
ness later opened new offices for 
Broxboume Borough Council. 
Hertfordshire. 


KENSINGTON PALACE 
December 10: Tbe Prince of 
Wales this afternoon visited the 
Royal Fine Art Commission, 7 
St James’s Square. SWl. 

Sir John Riddell, Bt was in 
attendance. 

His Royal Highness this eve- 
ning attended a Reception to 
mark the 25th Anniversary of 
the Knightsbridge Association 
at Knightsbridge Barracks. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
Anderson was in attendance. 

The Prince of Wales, Presi- 
dent, The Prince’s Trust, 


Captain Michael CampbeO- 
Lamerton was in attendance. 


The Duke of Kent, Patron, 
this evening attended a Royal 
Television Society video 
presentation of 50 years of 
British Television at the 
Commonwealth Institute, Ken- 
sington. London Wg. ; 

Sir Richard Buckley was in 
attendance. 






The Duchess of Kent, Presi- 
dent, today attended the Con- 
gregation of Awards Ceremony 
at the Royal Northern College of 


accompanied by The Princess of Music ' M‘“ ld *5 er ' and “ *e 


Wales, this evening attended a 
Charity Concert given by 
Eurythmics in aid of the Trust at 
Wembley .Arena. 

Viscountess Campden and 
Mr Humphrey Mews were in 
attendance. 

December 10: The Duke of 
Gloucester this morning visited 
the United Biscuits Factory at 
Waxlow Road, Harlesdon, 
London NW10. 

Lt Col Sir Simon Bland was in 
attendance. 


evening attended a Concert by 
the Students of the College. 

Mrs David Napier was in 
attendance. 


Memorial services 

Mr S. Young 

Tbe Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress, accompanied by Mr 
Alderman and Sheriff and Mrs 
Hugh Bidweli, were present at a 
celebration for the life and work . 
of Mr Stuart Young held yes- 
terday in Guildhall. The Prime _ __ 

Minister read from Ecdesias- 
licus. The Rev Dr Colin Morris, STLSZTIbenS! 

Head of Religious Broadcasting, Si 

BBC officiated. Sir Immanuel S3 l gLj' ca S < S , v | - sir dots Forman. 

Jakobovits, Chief Rabbi, read n 

from Somewhere a Master by Sid 1^ JIrf F i!^T orter - 8350 
Die WieseL Lord Wolfson read Mwn wfM r 
from Civilisation by Kenneth ' 

Clark, and Mr Alwyn Roberts, 

Vice-Principal of the University sa*. , mp; so- cewrrey nasam si 
Cotee of North Woles ood ' 

BBC National Governor for SJSPfeMC**? ls *S.5? u, .£5 
Wales, read from Meditations of Snc^S-. v^FraSk'Gui^a. mt mxi k 
M arcus Aurelius. jgw wntioron. Mr ana Mrs 


Harris of Creenwica. Lord Airedale. 
Lord Oedwyn of Pranas. CH. 

b- of It* OpposUton. House of 

1 . Lard Aylestane. CH. Lord 
lnsan of Lufflnaton. QC. Bar- 

Seear. Lord Raukreedan. Lord 

Rllctde of Dundee. Lord Denham. 

KtoMtoridge. Mrs 
me Leader of the 


Christening 

The intent daughter of Mr and 
Mis James Gray was baptised 
Olivia Mary by the Very Rev Dr 
Leonard Small, at St Colmnba’s, 
Pont Street, on December 7, 
1986. Tbe godparents are Mr 
Charles Gray and Ms Jacqueline 
MartelL 


Mr NX. Adams 
and Miss V.C. Tallis 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, son of Mr 
J.F.E Adams and of Mrs F.E. 
Adams, of Winson. Cirencester. 
Gloucestershire, and Victoria, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J.G. 
1 allis. of HinlGn Charterhouse, 
Bath. Avon. 


Forthcoming marriages 


Mr L Barr 

and Miss A. Barguirdjian 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian, only son of the late 
Thomas Barr and Mrs Maureen 
Barr, of Spain, and Anna, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Ralph 
Barguirdjian. of Sundridge Park. 
Bromley, KenL 


Mr S J. Gnrqenyi 
and Miss Zi). BanHn 
The engagement is announced 
between Steten Istvan Gar- 
gen vi. or New York, son of the 
late Mr and Mis George 
Gorgenyi. of Budapest, and Zara 
Daisi, daughter of Mr Ian 
Rankin and Mrs George Asseily. 

Mr C.M. Hunt 

and Miss J.D. Clarey 

The engagement is announced 

between Christian, elder son of 

Mrs B.Y. Hum and the late Mr 

V.A.M. HunL CBE, of Mana- 

ton, Devon, and Jane, daughter 


Mr J.A. Stewart 
and Miss VJVL Walker 
The engagement is announced 
between John, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs AW. Stewart, of 3 
Pd ham Place, London, SW7, 


and Veryan, younger daughter 
of the late Major J.C. Walker 
and of Mrs Walker, of 
Souihleigh House. Sutton Veny, 
Warminster, Wiltshire. 

Mr MJ. Storey 

and Miss SJL Oscroft 

The engagement is announced 

between Michael son of Mr and 

Mrs Ivor Storey, of Bourne End. 


Mr Bill Colton, Managing 
Director of BBC Television. Sir 
William Rees-Mogg, Chairman 
of the Arts Council of Great 
Britain, Mr Alasdair Milne, 
Director-General of the BBC. 
and Lord Young of Graffham, 
brother, Secretary of State for 
Employment, gave the ad- 
dresses. Tbe BBC Symphony 
Orchestra was conducted by Mr 
James Loughran and the 
London Jewish Male Choir was 
directed by Rabbi Dr Julian 
Shindler. Viscount White law, 
CH, Lord President of the 
Council, and Viscountess 
Whitdaw, the Hon Douglas 
Hurd, Secretary of State for the 
Home Department, and Bar- 
oness Young, Minister of State, 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
Office, attended. The Perma- 
nent Under-Secretary of State at 
the Foreign and Common- 
wealth Office and the Dip- 
lomatic Service were 
represented by Mr N J. Barring- 
ton. Others present included: 

Mrs Young (widow). Mr and Mrs 
Dents Aaronson (son-in-law and 
daughter). Mbs Lynda Young <daugn- 


Hugh Dundee. 

Bernard Ingham. Mr and Mrs Richard 
Francis. Mr and Mrs Paul Mm&tm. Mr 
and Mrs Austin Kurk_ Mr Termer 
Lancaster. Mr Frank GHKud. Mr and 
Mrs John Wilkinson. Mr and Mro 
John Crist. Mr Leonard MialL Mr 
Jeremy Isaacs. Mr and Mrs Brian 
Tester. Mbs Monica Sims. Professor 
and Mre Same Jay. Dr and Mrs 
Harold Davis. Mr Jarcls Astaire. Mrs 
S Rbe. M r and Mrs D Rose. Mis H 
Ontetner. Mr and Mrs E Baines. Dr 
arid mis LKoqrfowItz. Mr R Franum. 
Mr and Mrs /Uan Aarons. Mr aztd Mrs 
S Bernstein .Mr and Mrs C Baker. Mr 
P Oliver. Mr H Spencer. Mr and Mrs 
K HedJsy. Mr and Mrs B Bernstein. 
Mr Manm Ginns. Mr and Mr. Resent 
Hamilton. Miss Esther Rantzen. Mr 
and Mrs Peter Dlmmocfc- Mr and Mrs 
Charles Sandbank. Mr John Beetling. 
Mr Alan Yen too. Mr and Mrs Shaun 
sen™. Mr Deputy B L Morgan. Mr d 
A rbuw. MtK BUdy Baxter. Mr and 
Mrs S Bloch. Mr Dana Jacobs. Mr 
Jack Steinberg. Mr Michael MMcBe- 
»a .tar David cimburg. Mr and Mrs 
B Friend. Mr W Framed. Mr H 
Pinner. Mr and Mrs E Moonxnan. Mr 
J GrejsiwotaS. Mr and Mrs David 
Kan. Mr and Mrs John BuBodt amt 
Dr V D I Ipwuq 


David Owen. Mr 

Mr Denis i-tofe-6ai.L-.____ . 

Mahon (British Indigenous Technol- 
ogy Group). Mr Michael Cocks. MP. 
Sir Anthony Meyer. MP. Sir Michael 
Shaw. MP. Sir Kenneth Bradshaw 
iderfc of ate Hou se of commons). Str 
John TUney. Mr 


Mrs Goodhan. Mr 
MP. Mr Ran Lewis. 


OC. and 
Pairtck 1 . 
s. MP. Mr 


Ranald Brown. MP. Dr John C 
Blaekbum. MP. Mr Roben Mac- 
Lranan. MP. Mr lan Wrigpeswonh. 
MP. Mr Eric Hefler. MP MF David 
Alton. MP. (Liberal Chief Whip). Mr 
DttyeS. MP. Mr Hairy ^ oun- 




Trodden. Mr John Honan. Mr Neville 
“ Major-General Peter Chls- 


SandeEon. Major-General Peter ctils- 
weB. Mr E Carr. Dr and Mrs 8 More. 
Mrs E Newton. Die Rev D K and Mrs 
fang, the Rev R C H Swai n. Mr Dick 
Newby (national secretary. SDP) with 


Lord Crawshaw iff Aintree 
A service of thanksgiving for the 
life and work of Lord Cra wsha w 
of Aintree was held yesterday at 
St Margaret's, Westminster. 
Canon Trevor Beeson offici- 
ated, assisted by Canon Ronald 
Jennings and Canon Hugh 
Trodden. Tbe Rev Charles 
Crawshaw, brother, and the 
Speaker read the lessons and the 
Bishop of Liverpool gave an 
address. Among others present 


■ 

Society tor the Jtosw 
to CnUdrcnL Mr MloflmilHnV 
Rear-Admiral W J Graham (HNLD. Mr 


Mr Anatoly Marchenko. 
Soviet dissident, has died in 
prison at Chistopol in the 
Tatar republic. He was 48. and 
had spent most of his adult life 
in gaols and penal camps. His 
book. My Testimony, is an 
excoriating account of his 
experiences in such institu- 
tions. 

Marchenko was bom in 
Barabinsk in western Siberia 
on January 23, 1938, the sod 
of a railway worker. After 
elementary education he be- 
came a construction worker, 
and was employed on a Siberi- 
an hydroelectric project when 
he became involved in a brawl 
in his workers’ hostel in 1957. 

Arrested and charged with 
‘‘hooliganism’’, he was sent to 
a labour camp near Karagan- 
da in Kazakhstan. He escaped 
two years later and decided to 
try and get out of the Soviet 
Union. Remarkably, be had 
accomplished most of the 
thousand-mile journey to the 
south, when be was caught 
trying to cross the frontier into 
Iran, near Ashkabad in the 
Turkmen republic. 

He was sentenced to a 
further six years for “treason- 
able behaviour”, some of it in 
the Mordovian prison camp 
region. He tried to escape 
from there, too, and for this 
was sent to the notorious 
Vladimir prison, in the Mos- 
cow region, where conditions 
were even more rigorous than 
in the camps. 

From these experiences he 
emerged with his health per- 
manently impaired, deaf from 
an attack of meningitis, and 
hmky to have survived severe 
haemorrhaging of the intes- 


CSefhni FaznCy Practit ioner c ommit- } tines. Only HUmerOUS blood 

} transfusions, in the period 


Distance Walken Association) 
Mrs steer and Min CMUa Th 
(Liberal Whips OB toe). 


Major P . Pro famo and 
Miss E. P rofomo 


Mr T.C J. Chess hire 
and Miss B.ELS Jabb 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothv. son of the 
kite Mr and Mrs C.G.S. 
Chesshire, of Solihull, and Bar- 
bara. daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Howard Jubb. of Gadev, 
Cheshire. 


of Mrand Mrs K.V.E. Clarey, of Buckinghamshire, and Sian, 
WadhursL Sussex. daughter of Mr and Mrs Philip 

Oscroft, of Bisham, Marlow, 
„ . Buckinghamshire. 


(or). Mrs BtOy Young (mother). Lady 
I Young of GraBham (sister -in -Law). Mr 
Bernard FUx. qc. and ute Hoo Mrs 
Rtx. the Hon JndKh Young. Mr J 
Kasferar. 

The Ambassador of Israel and Mrs 
Avner. the Egyptian Ambassador and 
Mrs Sharara and other me mb er* of 
the DUdomaac Corps: Earl and 
Countess Spencer, the Earl and 
Countess of Harevrood. Lady Wolfson. 
Lord and Lady Swann. Lord Bonham 
Carter. Lord Arman. Baroness Sefota. 
Lord Goodman. CH. Lady Faulkner or 
Downpatrick. Lord and Lady Quintan. 
Lady Janner. 

Mr M J Hussey (Chairman of the 
BBC) with Lord Barren ivtce-cbalr- 
matu. Mbs Jocelyn Barrow, Mr and 
Mrs Watson PeaL Dr and Mrs James 
JOncade. Miss Daphne Park. Lady 
Parkes. Str John and Lad)' Boyd. Sir 
Curtis and Lady Keetde. Mr Michael 
Checkland. Mr and Mrs Makroim 
McAlpine. Mr and Mrs Brian 
Wenham. Mr and Mn John Tusa. the 
Hon Stmon Howard. Mr Michael 
Grade. Mr and Mrs Christopher 
Martin. Mr Alan Protheroe. .Mr 
Christopher Bell. Mr end Mrs Bryce 
McCn rrlck. Mr Geraint Stanley Jones. 
Miss Pamela Hodgson. Mrs P Jeffer- 
son . Mr Frank Fitzpatrick. Mr Dadd 


and Miss MJL Kay-Bntler 
The engagement is announced 
between Desmond, youngest 
son of ihe late Mr Michael Judge 


Mr JJ. Warns 

and Miss CA. Fann 

The engagement is announced 


and of Mrs Angela Judge, of between Jeremy, son of Mr and 


Captain RLS. Elweii 
and Miss E.M. Lrbina 
The engagemem is announced 
between Richard Stuart Elweli. 


Sligo, Republic of Ireland, and 
Martine Lesley, elder daughter 
of Dr and Mrs Julian J. Kay- 
Bu tier, of Retford, Nottingham- 
shire. 


Mrs M. Evans, of East 
Herrington. Sunderland, and 
Charity, second daughter of Mr 
and Mrs M.W. Fann, of 
Staplehurst, Kent. 


Mr J.CS.R. MUftgan-Manby 
and Miss EJ.O. Walker 


• ac engagement is announced 


Royal Army Ordnance Corps, of between James, elder son of the 
1 16 Gloucester Terrace. Lon- late Mr R.AA Milligan-Manby 


don, W2, only son of the late 


Major and Mrs D.M. EiwelL 
and Lisa, eldest daughter of Mr 


and Lisa, eldest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs T.W. Urbina, of 3.000 
SW 128 Avenue. Miami. Flor- 
ida, and Caribbean Shores. 
Belize. 


and Mrs M.G.H. Parkes, and 
stepson of Captain M.G.H. 
Parkes, of Thorganby Hall, 
Lincolnshire, and Emma, youn- 
ger daughter of Judge and Mrs 
J.D. Walker, of Beverley, 
Yorkshire. 


Marriage 

Mr J J. Herbert, RHA, 
and Miss Aj. Walker 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, December 6, at St 
Stephen’s. Dulwich, of Mr 
Jeremy John Herbert, elder son 


were: 

Lady crawshaw or AttBw (Widow). 
Mr and Mrs E Coir (brother-in-law 
and sister 1 . Mrs C Crawshaw raster - 
lpriaw). Mr C V Lima (brother-in-law). 
Mr and Mrs R Crawshaw. Mss 
Frauds Lima. Mtra L BarrttL 


A service of thanksgiving for tbe 
Eves of Major Philip Profitmo 
and Miss Elizabeth (Betsy) 
Profhmo was held yesterday m 
the Grosvenor CtapeL Smith 
Audtey Street. The Rev Dr A. 
W. Maries officiated. Mr David 
Profitmo and Mr John Pro- 
fumo, brother; read the lessons 
and the Earl of Westmorland 
give an address. 


Receptions 


Dinners 


Commonwealth Parliamentary 
Association 

Mr Guy Barnett. MP. Joint Honorary 
Tre asu rer of the UK branch of the 
Commonwealth Parliamentary Asso- 
ciation. was host at a reception given 
yesterday at (he Homes of Par liam ent 
by the executive committee of the 
branch for their associate m e mb er s. 


Knightsbridge Association 

The Prfcwe of wales was Uie guest of 
honour at a reception to celebrate the 


Match. Sir Roger and Lady Cary. Mr 
Stephen Hearn. Mr John DruuunaxuL 


of Mr and Mis J.R. Herbert, of 
Hstree, and. Miss Alison J_ayne 


Elstree, and Miss Alison Jayne 

1 11 « j 1 . r » a Awn nan. mt ana Mrs rain r ox. Mr 

Walker, only daughter Of Mr and Mm James Hawmorne, Mr 
R.B. Walker and the late Mrs ASSSSS-JJT 


DJ. Walker, of Sydenham. 


Gareth Price. Mr Cliff Morgan. Mr 
Graeme McDonald. Mr Michael Bar- 
ton. Mr and MTS Robert Rowland and 
Mr and Mrs Michael Bunco. 



Association beta at the Knightsbridge 
Barracks yesterday. He was received 
by Uie chairman Mr Neville Labo- 
vi ids. and Lieutenant-Colonel S.v. 
GUbart -Denham. The other guests 
Included: 

The Lord Mayor of Westminster, the 
Mayor of Kensington and Chelsea. 
Lord Duncan- Sandy*. CM. and Lady 
Duncan-Sandys. Mr and Mi* Kingman 
Brewster, sir Nicholas amt Lady 
Henderson. Sir Robin and Lady 
GfltetL Marquis Clavcrfno. Mr Nor- 
man st Jolm-Stevas. MP. Councillor 
CA PrendergasL Mr and Mrs Aleck 
Craddock. Mr and Mrs Edward 
name. Mr A- ■ . Brenta. Mr and Mrs 
Richard Robinson. Mr and Mrs Cvrtl 
sevmoQr-Newton amt Mr and Mis 
John Wants. 


Luncheons 


Speaker 

The Speaker and Mrs Weatherill 
gave a dinner in Speaker’s 
House yesterday evening in 
honour of the President of the 
Spanish Congress of Deputies 
and Senora de Pons IrazazabaL 
The Spanish Ambassador and 
Senora Dona Paz de Aznar de 
Ping de la Beflacasa were 
present. Other guests included! 

Baroness Yoons and Dr Geoffrey 
Young. Mr Harold Walker. MP. and 
Mrs Walker. Mr Donald Anderson. 
MP. Mr Alan Betm. MP. Mr Trtstan 
GaretJmn. MP. and Mrs Garrt- 
Jones. Lord and Lady SackvfUe. the 
Duke and Duchess of WdUnoon. Str 
John wens. MP. and Lady write, str 
George Young. MP. and Lady Young. 
Alderman Sr Allan and Lady Davts. 
Seftar Jaime Garcia. UeiiHuniCoig : 
■mi Sir John MDr. Tlrilnr Limas 
NadaL Uetuenani -General Str John ! 
and Lady Richards, canon and Mrs > 
Trevor Beeson. Sir Komelh Brad* ; 
stxaw. SeOor Julian Onciita Jhnanez. 
Sow and Senora Ricardo Marti 
Ftaxa. Mr and Mrs Richard Neuron. 
Miss Stephanie WeathexUI and Mr and 
Mrs Peter Utcan. 


after his release in 1966, 
restored him to anything like 
his forms’ self. 

He then worked as a 
labourer in Alexandrov, near 
Moscow, where be met Gener- 
al Pyotr Gxigoryenko and 
other leading dissidents. 
Among these was a linguist, 
Larisa Bogoraz - then the wife 
of Yuh' Daniel - whom he Inter 
married. 

His new acquaintances were 
astonished to learn from him 
that conditions in the labour 
camps appeared not to have 
changed since tbe Stalin eta, 
and this ted to his putting his 
experiences down in a borne 

My Testimony was circulat- 
ed in samizdat and then 
smuggled abroad by friends. It 
was translated into English 
and published in this country 
in 1969. Its saga of unrelieved 
suffering, orchestrated by the 
sadistic brutality of camp 
guards and exacerbated by 
outdoor temperatures of 40 
degrees below zero, was remi- 
niscent of Solzhenitsyn’s One 
Day in the Life of Ivan 
Denisovitch, and described 
horrors indistinguishable 
from those of the Statin years. 


ft would have ensured his 
rearrest in any cas e. But this 
was made the more certain by . 
his writing an open letter to 
the Czech people, wanting 
them of the dangers of inva- 
sion bv the Soviet Union, The 
letter was also sent to die' BBC 
and to other foreign newspa- 
pers. in 1968 Marchenko was 
arrested and sentenced 10 a 
year in a labour camp in the 
northern Urals. 

There, privations calculated : 
decisively to weaken his 
health included forced labour 
in a construction gang in sub* 
zero temperatures without 
winter clothing. When he 
objected he was given fifteen 
days in the punishment ceil, 
that route to early death so 
graphically described by Sol- . 
zhenitsvn. 

Released in 1971 he was 
exiled to the Siberian lumber 
camp town ofChuna where he 
married Larisa Bogoraz, 
whose marriage to Daniel had 
been dissolved. She was also 
in exile there for her part in a 
demonstration against the 
Soviet occupation of 
Czechoslovakia. 

Eventually the pair were 
allowed to return to European 
Russia and settled in a writers' 
colony at Tarusa, in Kaluga 
province. 

However he was arrested a 
again early in 1975 and * 
charged with having broken 
the terms of his parole. He was 
sent back to Chuna, this time 
for four years. In 1981 be was 
arrested yet again, on charges 
of anti-Soviet agitation, and 
given ten years in a labour 
camp to be followed by anoth- 
er five of internal exile. In the 
event he was further charged 
last year with having violated 
unspecified camp rules, and 
put in prison. 

There the leisurely appara- 
tus of Soviet state persecution 
accomplished its final aim 
against a constitution weak- 
ened by suffering, and by the 
series of hunger strikes he 
bravely undertook in support . 
of otfier dissidents. He was 
denied visits from his family, fr- 
ond last year had his hearing T ‘ 
aid removed, leaving him 
completely deaf. 

Marchenko was a stubborn 
figure who gave a great deal of 
help to fellow dissidents 
through his writings and ac- 
tions. He was on several 
occasions encouraged by the 
KGB to leave the Soviet 
Union, but only on condition 
that he emigrate to Israel with 
his Jewish wife. This he 
refused to do, believing that it 
would cloud the issue. 

He was a member of the 
recently disbanded watch 
group, set up to monitor 
Soviet compliance with the 
Helsinki accord on human 
rights. 

He leaves his widow, and a 
son. 


Buckingham Palace Lancheoa 
The Queen yesterday held a 
luncheon party at Buckingham 
Palace at which Princess 
Alexandra was present. The 
as were: . 


Law Society 

Mr Jtton ' WMkerson. President of the 
Law .Sodety. was host at a dhow 


MR REUBEN NAKIAN 


Lord RawUnsop _ of Ewefl. Lord 
Brightman. Lord Jmnce MnstJB. Sr 


Mr Reuben Nakian, sculp- This was never cast, and has, 
tor, died at Stamford, Con- alas, disappeared. But others, 


necticut, on December 4. He among them Franklin Roose- 


Jotin Arnold. Sir Patrick Maytww. 
_ __ CTdewefl. Sir 


HI iiluiii Calvert, QC. (chairman, 
industrial Traumata). Dr Peter An- 
drews Mtocauon adviser. Derbyshire I 
County potnum Mr Mark Elder 
(music director. EngDsh National 
Opera). Mr Terence English (consul- 
tant cardtothoraclc surgeon. Pan- 
worth and Addenbrooke’s Hospitals. 
Cambridge). Mr Peter Le Chendnant 
(dtrector-genenu. General Council or 
British supping). Mr Sandy Lyle 
(goiter). Lieutenant -Colonel Brain 
Moore (persona! secretary. National 
Headquarters. The Salvation Array) 
and Mr John Parka- (chairman and 
chief executive. Hartand and Wolff) 


QC. MP. Lord Justice GHdevvrh. Sir 
Derek Outton. QC. Mr Justice Me 


Cowan. Mr Justice Hoffman. Mr 
JusOcr Wood, judge sir Jonathan 
gate .St r Th omas Heth ertaMon. QC . 
Chief Maxtor Horae. Master Gram. 
Judge Sachs. Mr Robert Alexander. 
QC. and Master Dyson. 


; Publicity Glob of London 


Mr Paid Daniels was the guest soeaker 
at the annual ChrMmas luncheon of 
the Publicity aub of London held 
yesterday at the Kilion hotel. Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Pets- Worthy, chairman, 
nreslded. 


Birthdays today 

Sir Antony Abdl, 80, Admiral of 
the Fleet Sir Edward Ashmore, 
67; Air Chief Marshal Sir Alfred 
Earle, 79; Lord Elliott of 
Morpeth, 66: Professor Sir Rob- 
ert Grieve, 76; Lieutenant-Gen- 
eral Sir Kenneth McLean, 90; 
Sir Kenneth MacMillan, 57; Mr 
Cliff Micbeimore, 67; Miss 
Christina Onassis, 36; Mr Carlo 
Fonli, 73; Mr Patrick Reyntiens, 
61; Sir Francis Sandiiands, 73; 
Mr Alexander Solzhenitsyn, 68; 
MrC. F.J. Younger, 78. 


Charterhouse 

Mr Eric Harrison. Master of 
Charterhouse, presided at a founder's 
day dinner held last night at the 
school- Mr Peter Attenborough. Head- 
master. Mr J. M.L. Prior. MP. aod Mr 
C A, K. RsuhSranh also spoke. 

Company of Tin Plate Workers 
alias Wire Workers 

Mr CM . Parte ett. Master of the 
Company of Tin Plate Workers aHaa 
Wire Worker*, presided at a Christ- 
mas dtouter hew last mght at Trinity 
Hwisejir RSA while and Mr John 
C.J. Eaton also spoke. 

Conservative National Goff 

'I'lannanuiM ^ 

Th* Oranoenor of the Exchequer. Mr 
Nigel Lawson, was the guest of 
honour last night at Uie 1986 
ctmsoyauve National Golf Tour- 
nament Dinner at the Berkeley hotel 
to raise funds for rtrartues connected 
with young Denote and sport. Sir Basil 
Feldman Dreaded and Mr Jonathan 
Lynn readied on behalf of the guests. 
Among the guests were: 

Mr Denis Thatcher. Mrs 1 Nigel 
l^wson. Lady Feldman. Lord and 
Lady TXylor of HadflekL Sir Philip 
and Lady Harris. Mr and Mrs 
Mr and Mrs Michael 


was 89. 

He was bom on August 10, 
1 897, of Armenian immigrant 
parents. His education was in 
New York City and New 
Jersey, but did not progress 
beyond the elementary school 
stage. 

From 1911 he studied at a 
□umber of art schools, includ- 
ing the Art Students’ League 
and tbe Beaux-Arts Institute 
ofDesign, but his most forma- 
tive period was a three-year 
apprenticeship (1917-20) to 
the eclectic Paul Manship. 
From 1920 to 1923 he shareda 
studio with Gaston Lachaise. 

Contact with these two fig- 
ures imbued Mm with a sense 
of the grandeur of tbe Europe- 
an tradition in art, and his 


velt and members of his' 
cabinet, gained him 
recognition. 

From the late 1930s and 
throughout the war he con- 
fined himself almost entirely 
to drawing. Contact with the 
abstraction and surrealism of 
De Kooning and Arshile Gor- 
ky led him to reconsider his 
own methods, and when he 
returned to sculpture in 1947, 
his work reflected their influ- 
ence. 

Typical sculptures of this 
phase are “The Rape of 
Lucrece” in the Museum of 
Modern Art, New York, and 
“The Voyage to Crete” in the , 
fewer of the New York State 
Theater in the Lincoln Center. 

Though the treatment had 




early works sought to express become abstract, Nakian did 
these qualities, often on a not forsake his original attach- 


Mrs Trevor Brooking. Mr and 
Mre Ronnie Cortten. Mr and Mr Ted 
Dexter. Mr Adam Palm. Mr and Mrs 
Tony JackUiL Mto Jonathan Lynn, 
and Mr and Mrs WUUani Satire. 


monumental scale. 

He began as a figurative 
artist but gradually reconsid- 


ment to the mythological 
sources of so much great 
European art and expressed 


Institution of Mechanical Engi- I ered his early work and be- ^ with S 0231 feeling. 


£3m to RNLI 


The Royal National lifeboat 
Institute has been left £3 million 
in tbe will of Mr Kenneth 


Mr Gordon Pawaon. President of the 
Institution of Mechanical Engineers 
from 197^80, w as m ade an honorary 
fcnow of jhe ins titution at a ceremony 
Mdon^ttember 10. at 1 Btrdeage 


Service Dinner 
9th/I2th Rjoyal Lancers 

Th.- annual dOmer of officer 


Thelwall, a former company 
dmector^of Beverley, North 


came an exponent of what 
may, for convenience, be 
called abstract expressionism. 

In the 1930s he produced 
many portrait sculptures, re- 
markable among them an 
eight-foot plaster model of the 
baseball hero. Babe Ruth. 


His only excursion into 
religious sculpture was the 
bronze “Descent from the 
Cross” outside St Vartan Ar- 
menian Cathedral in New 
York. 


He leaves a widow. Rose, 
and two sons. 


Science report 


SIR HARRY CRANE 


Sheep-dosing to lessen 
intake of radioactivity 


Sir Harry Crane, OBE, who negotiator who had the respect 
held senior posts in the Na- of his colleagues, 
tional Union of General and He married, in IQV) 


By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 


The contamination of sheep in 
parts of Wales, Cambria aod 
Scotland by fallout from the 
Chernobyl nuclear explosion 
has been more severe and pro- 
longed than most people pre- 
dicted, and in some areas 
restrictions on movement and 
sfoBgbter have still not been 
lifted. 

Scientists at the Rovrett Re- 
search Institute in Aberdeen. 


have been examining ways' of its excretion. 


between an accident and the 
subsequent folkwt. 

The Rowett researchers, to- 
gether with colleagues from the 
Macaulay Institute and Aber- 
deen University, tested two di- 
etary supplements, a day 
mineral called dinoptitolfte and 
a cobalt-iron complex, to deter- 
mine their possible effect on 
restricting tbe uptake of radio- 
active caesnsn and encouraging 


speeding op the decontamina- 
tion process in the event of a 
drnilar disaster. 


Over a period of 42 days sheep 
which were still feeding on 
contamin ated pasture lost 35 per 


Municipal Workers during 30 
years’ service, died on Decem- 
ber 6. He was 83. 

Harold Walter Victor Crane 
was bom at Nottingham on 
February 12, 1903. His first 
job was as a fitter. 

He joined the NUGMW in 
1934 and was successively 
district officer, national officer 
(19431 and district secretary 
(1957). He retired from union 
service in 1965 to become an 
industrial relations consul- 
tant 

He held many and varied 
posts, among them member- 
ship of the Catering Hygiene 
Committee (1949-52); the 


of his colleagues. 
„,“ e ..^ arried ' 1930, 
Wmefride Maiy Wing, who 
died in 1978. He then married, 
in 1982, Catherine Elizabeth 
Heath, who survives him with 
a son of the first marriage. 


MR ARTHUR 
DUCKWORTH 


The time it takes depends sot cent more caesium when dosed 
only on tbe initial level of with the day mineral and 65 per 


Food Hygiene Advisory 
Council (1952-78); and the 


contanrinatioo of the pasture, cent more when, treated with the 


bat on the subsequent rate of complex. 


uptake and on the rale of loss of 
radioactivity from the animals’ 
bodies after they have been 
transferred to Bncontawinated 

diets. 

The latter foetpts are of 
partknlar importance, since H is 


Tbe Rovrett researchers con- 
dnde that, in the event of 
another accident similar In 
Chernobyl, dosing sheep at risk 
would reduce tbeir intake of - 
radioactivity from contaminated 
pastures and conM redace the 


considered impracticable to take delay before tbey coald be sent 
preventive measures in the time to market. 


Council 0952-781; and the 
Milk Marketing Board (1966- 
72). 

He was chairman of the 
Labour Party Conference Ar- 
rangements Committee from 
1954 to .1965, and_ served on 
the Industrial injuries Adviso- 
ry Council from 1967 to 1973. 
t ; Crane was a brusque, forth- 
right man. He was an astute 


Mr Arthur Duckworth, 
Conservative MP for Shrews- 
bury from 1929 to 1945, has 
died at the age of SS. 

George Arthur Victor 
Duckworth was bom on Janu- 
ary 3, 1901, and educated at 
Eton and Trinity College, 
Cambridge. 

He was, from 1932 to 1939, 
ako PPS to Sir Geoffrey 
Shakespeare. During the war 
he served with 36th (Middle- 
rex) AA Bn RA. He sat on 
Somerset County Council for 
many years. ' 

He was thrice married. 
First in 1927. to Alice Ham^ 
mond (three daughters}; sec- 
ond. in 1945, to Elizabeth 
Ehrenfeld (two daughters); 
and third, in 1968, to Mary 
Buxton (no children). 




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BIRTHS, M 
DEA 


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CMvnLim 2-19 


B raTHS I 

BAU^NTINE • On December 8th 
IPS*, in Edinburgh, to Johnny and 
Hilary in4« wiuiaimi. a boy James 
MlUCS - On November 25th 1986 io 
pamaa inee Claris) and Colin a 
daughter Samantha Sarah 
CALLAGHAN - On November 37lh io 
GaDrteHe inee Se»ioin> and Simon a 
s on Laurence Felix. 

CARTWRIGHT • On December 5U», to 
Julia mee Russian ana Jonathan, a 
daughter iJranna Clare). with many 
Uiante to the stair at ino Weutnqtan 
and at WVcwnOe General Hospital 
COLE • On December 6th 1986. ad 
St.Thomas- Hospital, to Jackie mee 
Caltermolei and Turn, a daughter 
Harriet Lucy. 

CORR® AH - On December 9th 1986. 
in Minneapolis. LSA. to Carvi (iu* 
Counlandi and David, a son Patrick 
Michael 

3tX - On December 3rd. to Caroline 
mee Holland) and Stephen, a son 
James Robert, 

DEAVCS ■ On December 7th 1986. at 
me Portland Hospital, London, to 
Fran inee Morrison) and Trevor a 
son Dominic William woorton, a 
brother for Adam iRockyj. 

DOHLEVY - On December 6th. to SaQy 
i nee de Smith and Tim. a daugnter 
jane Alice, a aster for Nicholas and 
Eleanor. 

EDE ■ On December am. to Sarah mfe 
Wilson) and James, a dauobier Hen 
nefla Alice. 

FtKUSSOH ■ on 7th December, at 
ST. Thomas - Hospital London, to 
Margarei iWoakey) and Geordie. a 
daughter Alice 

GUKSON - On November 29th. In East- 
bourne. io Jacqueline mee Stubbing;) 
and David, a son Jeremy John, 
brother for Natalie Jane. 

HODGSON - On December 9th. at 
Westwood Hospital. Beverley, to 
"A/abeui inee Oirkt and Max. a 
o-TugtiU-r. Emily Kale. 

KELLY • On December 8th 1986. to 
Michael and Maureen, mee Maher i a 
son. Mlcnaei David, a brother for 
Matthew. 

KRZEHMNSKI - On December 8th. at 
the City Hospital Nottingham. to 
Jean mee Dickens) and Stefan, a 
daughter Helena Sophie, a stsier for 
Richard. 

KARTM - On December 3rd. In 
CuUuford. Io Pam free RKtumtslaod 
Adrian, a son Simon Andrew, a 
brother for Leome and Guy. 

OLDFIELD - On December 8th 1966. 
to 

Alexandra and Richard, a son 
Christ opher. 

SUMMON DS - On December 6Ui 1966. 
at St. Thomas' Hospital, to Margarei 
and Andrew a daughter i nry 
Frances, a sister for David. 

WAHSE - On December 9th. at St 
Thomas's Hospital, to Sophie infce 
Meade-Fealherstonhaugh) and An- 
gus, a daughter. Theodora. 

. v 

Reaver ■ On December 9Ui 1986. to 
Lesley in£e Perownei and Marlin of 
100. Lome Avenue. Ottawa. Cana- 
da. a daughter Laura Ctirisftna. 

WILSON - Qn November 25th. to 
Cheryl and Robin, a son Edward 
Robin Matowyn. a brother tor 
Elizabeth. 


MARRIAGES 


CATTELL : REYNOLDS - the marriage 
took place on December 6th In Mel- 
bourne Australia, between Jeremy 
CatteU and Jane Reynolds. 


DEATHS 


ADOMAN - On December 10th. peace- 
fully. af ara ey House. Lilian, 
beloved wife of U»e late Paul Adorian 
and a much lowed mother, grand- 
mother and great grandmother. 
Funeral at Holy Trinity church. 
Rudgwick. Sussex, at 2pm on Mon- 
day December 15th. Enquires to 
Freeman Brothers. Horsham 54690. 

ARMrTAGE - On December 9th. after a 
short illness. Ethel Eileen aged 86 of 
Longhope. Gloucestershire. Funeral 
private. 

AsTON . cto December 7th 1906. 
peacefully with characterise: cour- 
age and dignity, in hospital In 
Monaco. Dr. Simon Robert Aston, 
aged 39. head of Marine 

Envtromental Studies. Laboratory of 
Marine Radioactivity. Musee 

Ocean ogra plug or. Monaco. Geo- 
cnemist of dtsonenon. Much loved 
husband of Paufme. adored father of 
Kaue and Robin and dearest only son 
of Hazel and Robert Aston. No flow- 
ers please but donations In Ms 
memory may be sent to The KaUe 
and Robin Ail on Trust Fund c/o The 
Director. Laboratory of Marine Ra- 
dioactivity. Musee of Oceanography. 
Monaco or Barclays Bank. Earbdon. 
Coventry. 'Now cracks a noble heart. 
Good night sweet prince, and IHoMs 
of angels sing thee to thy real.* 

BALL - On December 4Uv 1986. In Il- 
ford. James Darnel aged 98. a much 
loved friend and father, service at St 
Marys Church. Ilford High Road on 
December 1 Itti at 2pm. 

BAMpmK - On December 8th. 
peacefully at Cobtvam hospital. Mary 
Elizabeth iGoodi aged TO years, wid- 
ow of Basil Bamplyide. Dearly loved 

4 mother of David and {ffartomoniCTOf 

Caroline. Richard and Chrbtophff ■ 
Cremation private. TMmksglvLng 
service al SI Mary's church. SioKe 
D'abemon. 1 1.30am Monday ISJn 
December. Family (lowers only. Do- 
na uons If desired, to Princess Alice 
hospice. Esher. Surrey. 

SATTERSMELL - On December 4th 
1986. peacefully. Kathleen Margery 
mee Posnettei or Storrtngton. oe_ 
loved wile of Sydney James and 
much loved molh&rof Antheai and 
Celia. Service on Frtday December 
12th at St Marys. Sul Unborn 
2 . 30 pm. followed by 
Worthing &l9pm. J™ 
Tribe Ud. 130 BroadwWMM-'J'?*: 
thing. Sussex by Ijwn or dorrabora if 
desired to Patients Fund- 
Dlstnct Nurses. C/o HD Tribe LUL 
Worthing 34616. 

BRIGHTMORE On °e^ber 4Ui. 
peacefully in PlnehcaUi Hospllal. 
Holt- Norfolk. Air Commadora An- 
Ihony George 

.reiiredi Dearly loved MiMndflf 
Suzanne rDooniet and toviog tainer 
of Peter. Juliet and M*rt?ael. &cma- 
tton look place mivatety. If dftired- 
please send donations to The RA^ 
Benevolent Fund 8Dfl 
nupAw CdOctr, c/o Holt Funeral 
Services. 4 Station Road. H01L Nor- 
folk. NR2S 6BS. 

< 5£?553SSS 

am. followed by cremation al croy 
aon Crematorium 

s4pH 

ir,Sf« 

g97 jsh worccstersnire 

December 13Ht « »«"■ 
iffiWEBCT - On Decemwr 9^1^. 
Chnslian ■ (e Surrey, dearly’ 
h Inmvdrt Joan, father of Ml 

cnaflfM paJ and J9an- 

nf Thotnitt- Uarv’i 

Church- B ^® a ij m on F amiiy flowers 

December al 2m- The 

' 5nLV ^ D °S 

British H«ri r Ctartn 



PERSONAL COLUMNS 


Rf*^EY - On December gth, peaceful- 
ly at home In South Pefnerton. 
Somerset. Motor Alimony Conush 
Henley Hate l6tn PuntabRrai. t Dor. 
linq husband of Suzanne iSunei and 
father of Lucy and Robert. Cremo 
tion tnivaie. Enquirim to Irish and 
Denman. Funeral Directors. Palmer 

■ On Dec ember 9th. peace- 
fully at Sullen veny House Nuistop 
Home, Frank, aged 89. formerly of 
weiwyn Garden City. Greatly loved 
as husband of the late May. father of 
Margarefe. Ruth and Pntiippa. 
grandfather and grcai grandfather. 
Funeral Service at Salisbury Crema- 
torium on December 16 ih at 12 
noon. Flowers to F Curtis & Son. It 
Portway. Warminster. Witts. 

HORN ■ On December 9th. peacefully. 
Rita, formerly of Sherwood Court, 
wi. requiem mass on Tuesday >60t 
December at Sacred Heart Church. 
Edge Hill. Wimbledon. SW19. at 
tOam followed by private burial. 
Mowers io Ashton's, mo Alexandra 
Rd. SW 19 . by 9am. 

* On December 5Ui. 
Gwendoline ins Alice, formerly of 
WW Sandteheath. widow or the 
late Ralph Labdon. Funeral Service 
at Si AJdhdm's Church, 
SandWveaOi. near Fonllnabndge. 
Hants al 2.00 pm on Monday isui 
December, followed by cremation at 
Salisbury. Flowers or donations, in 
lieu. t*j Salisbury Hospice Care Trust 
rrw be sent to John Storing. 
Forntngbndge 53019. 

McDORNELL - On November 2 lst 
1986. Thomas. BEM. Freeman of the 
Cuy of London, on his asm birthday- 
Much loved husband, father, grand- 
tather and great grandfather. 
Donations if ae&trrd. to SL Joseph's 
Nursing Home. Harding Avenue. 
Newport. Gwent. Wales. NPT 6 ZE. 

PIPER - On December 8 th. Hilary Es- 
telle. aged 54 years, peacefully alter 
a long Illness, bravely borne, sadly 
mhsed by Martin. James. Nicnoias 
and Patrick and aU who knew her. 
Funeral service al the Parish Church 
of St Clement, sandwich on Monday 
15th December at nam. foitowea by 
In torment at Deal Cemeiary. Family 
flowers only, but donations if desired 
to the Appeal for Cancer Care and 
Research Unit Kent and Canterbury 
Hospital, c/o Brett Funeral Servkx. 
20 Htgn St. Sandwich. Kent 

POORE - On December 6 th 1986. Rev. 
Pierre Francois, chaplain to die de la 
Salle Brothers. St Peter's School. 
Bournemouth, aged 72 yean, forti- 
fied by the Riles of the Church. 
Requiem in the Parish Church of Our 
Lady Queen of Peace. Soulhbourne. 
on Friday December 12 th at Liam. 
Interment wiu take place in France 
on Fnaay December igfh. Flowers 
to Head and WheMe. la Oxford Rd. 
Bournemouth. Tel 0202 21190 by 
Ham on Thursday December 111 * 

PRESS - On December 8th 1986. 
Margarete. widow of Hans, deeply 
loved by her family Frank and Della. 
Mata and Jonathan. Funeral private. 
Any donations please to the Sue Ry- 
der Home. Leckhampton Court. 
Cheltenham. Gloucestershire. 

REYNOLDS - On Tuesday December 
9th 1986. at the home of her daugh- 
ter. Kathleen iKay) of SL Peter Port. 
Guernsey, wife of Len and mother of 
Peter and Pat. Funeral service to 
take place al Shilton Parish Church 
on Friday December i2ih at 2JS0 
pm. followed by private "w» uitm 
Enamries to E-Tbylor and Son. Tel. 
0993 2123 Or 0993 842421. 

SEATON - Oh December 8th 1986. 
peacefully at his daughters home, af- 
ter a long, painful i ll n ess, borne with 
courage and cheerfulness. Brigadier 
Albert Alexander (Abaci Seaton. 
GB.EL. of Warren House. Thorpe 
Reids. TTdrsk. Beloved husband of 
the late Betty and a most loved and 
loving father and grandfather. Fu- 
neral service at SL Oswalds Church. 
SowerOy. Thft-sfc at ll.30am «r 
Monday December l SUl toOowed by 
cremation at York At 1pm. Family 
flowers only. Donations, to beu. 
gratefully accepted, for the TmsMe 
Hoaptce Care Foundation. Donations 
may be given in church. 


HMMKUIMD - On December 9th. In 
hospital after a long illness, bravely 
borne. Joy. widow of George 
ShanUand. late of Tkntfewood Oot-. 
tape. Ahum Lane. Efctree and 
beloved slater of PaL Cremation al 
Hendon Crematorium UJOam. on 
Friday 12th. Family flowers only. 
Enquires to Biackwcas. 20 High SL 
Barnet- Tel: 01 449 2065. 

SPRRKE - Marjorie. See Stephens. 


ST ALLARD - On December 9th 1966. 
peacefully at Sunny Bank Hospital. 
Cannes. Richard Joseph (Dtcto of 
Fmitw palace. Monaco, in his 89th 
year. Very greatly loved and sadly, 
missed by Sheila. A detr tamer. 
grandfather and great grandfather. 
Funeral. St Pauls Ancftcan Church. 
Monaco. Monday I6tti December al 
2 jam. Family flowers only. Dona- 
tions please Io Prmce PWMp Appeal 
for Commonwealth Veterans. 48 Pall 
Man. London SWIY 5JG. 


STEPHENS - On December 8th. 
CSprtncei In her sleep, after a tong 
(Uness. Marjorie, much loved wife of 
Professor Veryan Stephens, mother 
or Jennifer. Cremation Golden 
Green Crematorium. West Chapel. 
Monday December 15to. ltJOam. 
Donations to British Heart Founda- 
tion. 102 Gloucester Race. WI. win 
be appreciated. 

STOREY - On December 8th at 
Trinity HtwpJce. David Ivan, aged 62 
years. Much loved husband of Anna 
and father of Salty and Maria. Fu- 
neral service at St. Peter Ad Vincula. 
CDggeshaU. on Tuesday December 
16th at ll.30am. Family B owers 
only but donations tf desired to Trtn- 
Ity Hospice. 30 Oaphatn Common 
North Side. London SW4 QRN 

TURNER - On December 6th. at Uw 
Royal United Hospital. Bath. Csnrtl 
Walker Clark Turner, aged 83. For- 
mally erf Park Avenue. Glttingftam. 
Kent and Lagos. Nigeria. Cremation 
to take place on Monday December 
1 5th 1966. at 2pm at Medway Cre- 
matorium. Room Hood Lane. 
Chatham. Kent. Ftorat tributes and 
all enquiries lo John Weir Funeral 
Directors. 130 High StreeL Ralnbam. 
Kent. Tel: 0634 373111. 

TUSSLER - On December 8th 1986. 
peacefully, Anthony Julian Brett, 
aged 51 years. M.A.. (OxonL 
F.R.GS. Dearly loved husband of 
Jean, loving father of PauL Ruth and 
Tony, dearest son of Lilian. Funeral 
Service Thursday December nth at 
12 noon. Ail Sain is Church. 
Wellingborough. 

VBtCEKT - On December 9lh, sudden- 
ty at his home In BudWgh SaJterion. 
Martin Harper Vincent, mwer mari- 
ner retired, ex Rt.&N. Company LUL 
Beloved husband of Joan and dearest 
faiher of Wendy. No Bows ptease. 
donations in lieu if desired^ to 
Budleigh Saltmon HosrtsranL 
c/oTne Health Centre. 1. The Lawn. 
Budleigh SaUerton. 

WILD - On December 8th 2986. to 
Cambridge. Janet Mary (toe 
Burch nail), widow of Dr Frank WtM. 
dearly loved nwmer of John and 
step-mother of Jane. Requiem raw 
aiour Lady and the English Martyrs. 
Cambridge on Tuesday 16th Decem- 
ber 3 I 12 noon- Ramify flowasrs omy 
please. 


MEMORIAL SERVICES 


STEWART - A Thanksgiving Sallee 
for Alan Graham Stewart, TV pro- 
ducer. will lake place al 12 noon on 
Friday 12lb ■* » 

CoTumba’S (The Church of Scottond). 
Pont Street. London SWl 


IN MEMORIAM- PRIVATE 


CSOZIER . Mabel Louise. In loving 
memory of our wonderful moUwr on 
her jOOUt birthday. 101b December 
i486 Always In our thoughts Bella. 
Mane. Billy. George. Arthur. Stanley 
and Eddy. 

eofFFiN Frederick James. Busan- 

“S^wnn so much love, only a 
JSer away my darting, row 
OUve 

■ c csEM • Marione Adelaide, died as 

^Jiresuli of a car accident illh De- 
1 935 tn Spain. Remembered 
SSfSvilSl regret tor her friends. 

TAYLOR - December 1 lBi 29 81. Jo hn 
W F Director of Music tor Durham 
™iy and Staffordshire, if muse 
[jjfuw food of love play on - Margaret 
and family. 


announcements 


are you planning 

TO HAVE 

COSMETIC SURGERY? 

K so. Omni TV wants to raw rram 
you for • prognuTHTK rariy io ■87. 

Reply to BOX J79. 


up wwi aan wtntrr evtamaino tor 
Ola Bang? soiunon - a nww« hpwe close 
io me Control une (or 23 mono* we 

R HI lab. 

OLTMHA HMX MHMV. Guaranteed 

urkiao, 500 yards team Grand Halt 


OSfiO work or Ol 749 7779 homo. 
CtumvUL 7NAMKB- Si. JUde. Our 
Lady. to. Joseph of CuprritM lor atanw 

wcm.' sit 

■PLOMMDSatBi Bernard dog. free to tov 
Ido home WMi plenty of ranee. Tot. 
01-486 8386 

THE MUWW MW TWO ROW 
recuata and Xmas dinner mustc. 01221 
24A8 

NjULOn - Champagne Friday. Ba-Bum. 


BIRTHDAYS 


AIXXAHMJt. H app y 1IU1 Birthday, 
much love. Dad and UMMHr. 


SERVICES 


BUT MM OR HER one for Christmas • A 
wriuno course mwra m unusual an a 
laxmaung stn. Write tor Uw prrae ■ 
wnlr wnh sucreaa. Free brochure on 
our superior courses. London School ot 
Jounwusm Ref T. IV Hertford Street. 
Park Lane. London WI. Ol 49V 8260. 

CJMJtBB Cl T» Lid p r pf rsw on o i ctimcv- 
Mn vttae documents. Details: 01-631 
3388. 

CONVEY ANCttOB by tuny QuaUIUd Sobri 
ton £180 + VAT and suodanl 
(UsOursmients Mns 0244 319308. 

nttENDSM? , Love or Mamape. Ail apes, 
areas. Daudtne. Oepi 1Q161 23 AOtnodon 
Road. London w& Tel: Ol-vSB loll. 

TNC MARMACC BUREAU - HEATHER 
JENNER. 124 New Bone SL Wi. 01- 
62V 9634. 

VISAS: t*SA. France, tod a. AiMntoa ♦ 
many dlvr eountrtes. TRAVCOUR 
TaL Ol 223 8066 

CAPITAL eva prepare mat auaffty curric- 
ulum Ultra* 01-607 7906. 

YOUNG CHELSEA BBtoGC rtuh and 
school 118-40 we vouw Tel: 01-373 
1666. 


WANTED 


DOC A CAT nCTURES. Cwrarta and re- 
lated mmoraMUa are Invited tor entry 
In Bomiaim Finn Cruns Auction Sale. 
Ctomctdlno wUb Cruris Week, the safe 
•linos many mrernauoisa) buyers. 
Contact Niels Scott on Ol gba gi6t. 
Bonnoms, Marupelter SL London 8W7 
1HH. 



YOU’LL BE FLOORED BY 
OUR PRICES AT 
RESJSTA CARPETS 

wicanders boaulfful natural cor* too*. 
Ejurerody nan wearing the bat mon- 
ey can buy £8.95 per m yd vaL 
Meraitalon vrtvet pile carpel 14 piata 
coloom. Bote m underlay 12' wide 
from sax*. 7 year wear guarantee tor 
none or oiilce. £4 75 per so yd ♦ vat. 
Pius uw isrgsat macaoa of oiato car- 
peting in London. 

266 New Kings Road 
Parsons Green SW6 

TefcOl-731-2588 

Free EbUraotea- Expert FUbng 


BROAMRMO Grand N0.46407. MahogP- 
ny oventruog. £1.000 TEL : waton on 
Thamm <0932) 245396. 


STEMMY row m ood. Snio Inch arand 
turn tor sale. Apo/oa 60 yrai ou. 
£4600. Tek Ol- 46B 3033 



CMHESE ROSEWOOD Owing Table with 
elaborate peart inlay. Circular but 9*- 
ipndfbir tooMono toseai 8. Six Chain + 
2 carvers lortuded- Retail value £4.600 
wiu acrepi SAnOO dm TH? J. Plulbpps 
on Ol -TM-6926 

SPO Red leMPftone bmes. comptefety re- 
tumshed. dm»led. rcpainled ete. 
Umlied mboum avaiuwe. £640 each. 
Oettvery extra. Contact M. Flaherty. II. 
Ling Drive. Uvhfwater. Sumjy. 

<• 




IK TUBES 11814-19861 This Xmas gtve 
someone an an original Issue tkdedtbe 
very dale thQi wot born. £1 1.V5 rplua 
Tree 187CTS newspaper!) Yesterday's 
Mews. 43 O unaonda fma. Convyn 
Bay. TH. 0492 631 198/531303. 


etc Nation wine debvenea. TH: <0080) 
BC0CV5V tWUiaL 

BtAMOMDl 4 cl soiaaire niatnoaa sh in 
18 rt. gold wnh diamond baguHRs in 
snoulden- A bargain at 1 A K M. Prtvwo 
sale. TeL Hard SMeur on Ol 734 
1330. 

FINEST goaWy wool carpets. At trade 
prices and under, also available 100's 
extra. Lame room Nz* remnants under 
half normal oner. Chancery Carpers Ol 
406 0453. 

BHNNf T * OF lemXBEO annual Winter 
sale of rephea and reprodncUon funu- 
lure co m mences Saturday 27ih 
December 

BUNK. Lady's rutty stranded ranch coal. 
Sue 16. Valuation cm. E2.V98. Bargain 
al II JOO- TH 01-998 1698 

SEATTMDBRS. Bear nevets tor an »o*d- 
out events. Our dents Include most 
mawr companies. Credit cards accepted 
01-628 1678. 

SMOKED SCOTTISH SALMON from only 
£13 25 p.p. xraas deL qid. Oearearar 
Products iTL Eos* Hcodred L Oxon 0X12 
BLN 10235) 833798/732/082 anytime. 

THE TMKS 17K-1WS. Other tUVee 
avail. Hand bound ready for presenta- 
tion - also -Sundays" 02.60. 
Remember When. 01-688 6323. 

TICKETS FOR ART EVENT, Phantom. 
Cms. Starlight 

theatre and sports-TH: 821-6616/828- 
0495 A-Ex / VB» / Diners. 

ACO. NHL Caggenau ovens, boas. dJHv 
washers, fridges, efc. Fba deft very. Try 
us ■ We are unbeatable! Refgme 40403. 

BECHSnsi Grand. 1914. «*U**bA 
Mtotclaits InsminncaM. £4500. Ot-6*> 
4981. T 

BUQmPNER Boudoir Grand Rosewood 
Lxspztg 1906. Exceuem condition. 
£3.750 Tel: iNUil 0225 833152 

CATS, CRESS, Les Mlsond Phantom. Al) 
ttouremtomn. TH439 1763. All rto 
Hr credit Ms. 

ENCYCLOPAEDIA BIUTANNICA. Latest 
tilt. Edtuon.GoHXliao. AbsofoMyao 
new £660. 01 699 6411. 

FLOWERS IN A VASE by Adolphe vaiene 
■ 1876 • >942). 011 on canvas. 3CT by 
22". £850 Reply to SOX J77 . i 

BRAND PIANO -WebrT 57". made Oy 
Stewwajrs of New vom. Good cornu- 
Uon. Cl .950. TN. 0727 57169. 

HARRODS blue fox coal by Crosvernr 
Canaoa. vowed £2.100 Size J2. nert 
KM condition £900. TH:01flS7-61® 

WNIIT K&O upright piano. Mahogany 
New 1981. Mini. £1800 ono. Tel 0452 
713000. 

PHANTOM OF THE OPERA -nctoB ataO. 
Wuutdcoon. Rugby. Pop. Short ft ou 
Bwulres. 01 240 8609/01 836 9910. 

THE PIANO WOHIiSHOP Free credn over 
1 yrar rirtp APR) on thg « 

new & r e tra ced Wancn Law inrarest 
over 2 yr* ft 3 yrs. Written quotanana. 
Free Catalogue 30a HWigate Rd. NWi 
01 267 7671. 

RACOON coal - Stiver fuO leoaut rtf 20- 
22. Modern design, as new. £2260. Tel: 
Ol 387 9380. 

SANTA’S SAL* ATT0P6. Col TVf from 
£49. Vldcbs from £99. 91 Lower SKune 
SlreH. SWl. 7300933. 

SPINET Good coo an (on but needs tuning. 
(Urns lortes sale. £1 300 ono, Tel: 0734 
733205 imonungs ortlyj 

mm AX I2S 1 upriqfif mahogany mrt 
1980. excHlenl condition £1.800 Ol 
392 1296. 


FLATSHARE 


TOUNO FEMALE. N/S. orar. a met. wru 
Similar for attractive room m unoll. lux 
modem mJBJineth- in procrful sur- 
rounds. C/M. W/M. arcemra romn»toa> 
gardrm. S mtns Eon* Court tune 6 
monttis min Iran Jan I si fjSBwna 
TH. 01 373 1322 oiler 6p m. 


CHISWICK Luxurious mairMon flu All 
foaux*- Darooe io nuns Tuor u/R. 
Prur M/E. N/S CSS pw evcl. Tel: Ol 
994 61 26 (cvcs/wpmKi 


CHET. SEA 2 id share kneJv no m Imrlv 
nMiH.. all mod com. gd transport. CM 
pp pw. 362 3938 


Nt Caimhurv Third pmf N/S 16 snare 
mined IUX Hal 3 nam lube Ei96 pern. 
Tel 01 3S9 0428 alter 7 pm. 


CAMBERWELL Prof female CO snare com- 
lorobteCHllat Own room. Eosyarrru 
to nev and wmi End. £140 per monm 
THr Lit 493 4459 Oiler 7pm. 
CLAPMAM Prtrt M/F to shore luxury 
house 6 rains tube. Very wacrau*. im- 
mediate bretnohcv. £200 am esd Tm. 
Jo 01 6305772 1 VV I Of 01 6736872 IH). 
FLATMATES SHerave Shonng Wen 
eeiab iiUrmturrary service. Phe lei inr 
aopt: 01 509 5491. 313 Brampton 
■laud. &W3 

HAMPSTEAD Simla room, luxury flat. 
CJH. CHW K28DW Slid rapotrlaU or 
busmms lady 434 3333 
NZZ Prof M/F. N/S. large own room to 
CH not. New tube. BR and ih«A £45 
pw exet. TH. 01 235 2020 exl 3*245 
idosr). Ol SHI 1934 iev ext. 

PUTNEY Double room. Lux list £410 
pw toe Suit (ouNr/fspr Trams, 
■aueon conns. 788 4030 after 6pm 
UfX 6man o/r in v «ry comfort able luo rial. 
KScrfaf. nr f<d>e. him + all amrmhe*. 
Off 61 pariuno- Avail now £49.50 pw 
in/sirets. Sun prof TH. Qi-aO2170a 
MS 2 Prof f 20- share pleasant room. 
Friendly smart flat, M OW. £187 pm. 
Day 493 3202 ul JOPO. Eve* 501 
2760. 

W DULWWN Prof m/I to (hare lux noL 
close Stn. v- various * well lonushed 
£40 pw met. TH (Ol 01 -761-0900 IHJ 
01-671 9640 afire 6.50pm 
BATTERSEA. SW|| Pro# M. N/S. lor 
qulH C/H terraced nse.O/R riwnBR 
£50 pw. tncl. TH 01-223 1328 
CHELSEA HOUSE Boot. 2 cabins. 1 dou- 
ble * l tut ale. Ch. £140 pan. Tel Ol 
352 2663 

CLAPMAM PARK Pi of F. SON. N/S to 
slrarr lux Oil. O/R. Nr rube. E175 edit 
plus tolls Trt. Ol 678 5703 ‘after bom). 
FO RES T KHXs Prur to share tovrb- Use 
vnlh views, o/r. CH BR « inrm 5 
mins. £165 pern exd. 01 «99 82S» «rvn 
HEW Prof O/H. Hse * gdn. snared faau 
Ues 7 mins tube Cor Dkg. £50 pw. N/S. 
Tel. 940 0625 Of JO 493 7848 Ex 131. 
N R. Prof F. n/s. for own roam in Ige 
sunny Hal. ch. £200 pan mci. TH 43* 
1281 iw). 541 4386 lit). 

NIB M/F. Own roam C/M FtM. ClbO 
pem rxcl. TH: 01 272 8288 alter 
6.30pm. 

NfflO Prof p resents I. for large room to 
comfortable ftatt. N/S. garden. £56 pw 
exri. TH. OJ MS 4368 fsiemnps. 
PUTNEY. Prof person (non smoArei want- 
ed 10 share luxury flal. £50 pw. Tef 
Karen 01-788 3556. 606 1066 X&829 
SES large own room superior Hal near 
Oral tube. Suit young profesfonal non 
smoker. £60 pw met. TH. 01-701 0741 
W. KEN 2 atari, sunny rooms behind 
Otympta. £66/£56 pw each exrl. TH: 
01-603 4418. 

WI Furnished oadsfL share MKhrei A 
bathrm. Prof female. 26+-. Non smoker 
£60 pw incL 01880 0992. 

WAHTED central London. Own room. 
Prof female, non-smoker. £250 pan. Ol 
748 1767. 


RENTALS 


FULHAM. Newly decorated spacious 5 
bed. 2 both. 2 reap home. Lone lec suit 
up lo S sharers. £200 pw. Buchanans 
561 7767. 

KJP UR f L rOH QtBH street, newly dec 1 
dbie bedroom. 1 single bedroom. Ige rec. 
htgn ceufngs. Ul ail apptunres. £160 pw . 
01 499 2910 eves B70 4703 iTJt 
LAND L ORDS We vrgnUy need your 
propreties for dlplmnauc and corporate 
aoobcuus Benhom ft Reeves Ol 938 
5622. 

LUX 3 bed. town house in Kew. drape, 
gone, ctosr 10 lube and Kew gdns. £185 
pw. TH: Ol 878 5796. 

PARSONS WEEN. Fulham. Superb 3 
bed. 2 bath hse wttb parage ft waned 
garden, ideal family or up 10 four snar- 
ers. £196 pw. Buchanans: 561 7767. 

FBMRirwr HU Nicety decorated tux 
flat. 1 bedroom- Short or long let. Refer- 
ences £126 pw. Tel 01 586 6576 fans, 
sendee! 

■ST AMT FLAT. Luxury Serviced Ken- 
. mspob. Chelsea from- Q2G pw. Rina 
Town House Apartments 573 5*33' 

ROBERT BnfMS + BURNS Offers selec- 
tion or. fiats ft houses tn the cuy. 
KtoghBhrtdge. Kosangibn. Wimbledon 
and other areas. 01 657 0621. 

SWl Garden Marionette. 1 dbie. 1 J* 
barm. Ige reap. Wi/ rungr. CH- Compa- 
ny IH amy. £190 PW. TWOl 6fl2 7071. 
THE COLONADES Porcherter Square. 
London W2. 3 bedroom luxury rial. 
£500 PW ne9 01-769 829a 01-767 
7911 

937 MSI The number to remember 
When seeding best rental properties In 
central and prime London areas 
£l5O/£2.0OCvw. 

WRJESOCN Cttra. erase lube. Brand 
new tun spec s/c turn able bed studio. K 
ft O. ch. gdn. Phsg. Oil phone. £530 
pan exc raws. 486 1908 am only. 
ALLEN BATES ft Co tew a Urge selec- 
tion of nan ft houses avail lor long / 
■non ire fm £160.00 pw. 01 *99 1666 
BARONS COURT W14 A seloction ot new- 
ly renovated f/f 23 bed apis / nun 
E 16 0000 p.w. Inc 675 1896 CD 
CHELSEA. Attractive flaL 1 large recep- 
tion. dbie bedrm. kitchen, bathrm. pado. 
OCH. £180 PW tod 01-351 5670 
DOCKLANDS Fiats and homes 10 let 
UiraupMui toe Doc * lands area. TcLOl- 
790 9660 

BY IMUM 5I EAD HEATH: wed ftmtfshed 

s/c basement fiof. 2 rooms. 6 ft x. amcna 
tube/mocs. Mto 6 inonms Non smokos 
only £100 PW uc CH. Ring 928 6969 
ext 4124 or 794 6678- 
CNSMRTMAS to Ltxidon: W2 Mews hotter. 
£550 pw. Luxury bathroo m. C H. TV. 
dps 5/4. partang. TH: 01-221 5366. 

CHELSEA SWL Lovely unfurahheo peri- 
od house with pMJo to a tore location off 
Kings Road, rinse Sloane So 3 beds. 2 
baths, separate dining room. Immacu- 
late ft fully equmorel with new carpels ft 
aU machines. AvaD now £450 pw. Bu- 
chanans. 551 7767. 

HOLLAND PARK Superb z bed flat sur- 
rounded by Hardens. Attractive large 
open plan rec/awtas room. 8tyiWUy de- 
signed kit and btoh. Pleasani fumahing 
and decor. Available 6 months-*- Co. IH. 
3150 p.w. OwaMM cmwAPOne 2*4 
7365 » 

mil' nil aw executive snra lux 

flai/house: up 10 C8OO0W. UsvM fees 

red. PhdHps Kay ft Lewis. Soutti ot ihe 
park, ovetsea office. 01-352 Blit or 
North of the Park. Regent's Park office. 
01-586 9882. 

CfBCSSONRO. W103dMebed matsonette 
and <sdn urowci street. C/H. fully turn 
■* maciuno. Newly decorated. Close 
tube £225pw. Avail now. TH. 01 386 
5006 or, <029741 3159. 

KEMUK8TON A sHecttOP of newly deco- 
rated 2 oed ftws looking out onto private 
courtyard. 24 Hr security Com cu Let 
F3O0/C5TS p.w. Ooddard ft Sndih Ol 
050 7521. 

KE M EIH C TON ML UnfmMved bth floor 
totenor designed rial to luxury Dorwred 
block. Stunning views. Totally refur- 
bribed. All new carpets, curtains, 
machines £475 pw loc C.H.W. + CH. 
Buchanans: 361 7767. 

OPPOSITE TUBE. SW4. tn private Regen- 
cy crescent. Luxurious. newly 
appointed rsareonacta. 2 dbi bedrooms, 
reecpilon. dining room. K&B. CCH. P»- 
uo. Free parinng. £185 pw. Refs. CO. tel. 
rrre 725^081 

SHOOTERS ML man raft SEI8 Mod 2 
bed flaL garage. CCH. dbi grazed. Good 
decor, newty fumrehea, Fine views, nr 
aon course. Co. ire. £aa o DCm end Mila 
TH Mr Moore day Ol 48 1 1506/ eve 01 
515 3336. 

5TREATHAM 2 mw In mod town home. 
Suit 2 prof non smofcere. M/F £40/50 
pw exd. All amenmes. dose lo trans- 
port. Call Jeff Ol 937 8153 X 5146. 
DULWICH Superb family residence dose 
10 Dulwtm College OM the village. 6 
beds. 9 botM. ail machines. 6 mum 94- 
Uon. £500 p.w APOrewn Lelling. Ol 
68S 0111 

HOUNSLOW WEST Attractive 3 bedrm 
town house. Uige lounge. K and 8. ga- 
rage. garden, near lube. SUl 4/5 

professional sharer*. £115 p.w 
Ouraaiu Conrtoniine 244 7365 
HYDE PK W2. Sunny mewg hse. 3 dbi 
beds 2 tnhs. master ea sutie + prate. 
Huge apen-Man ige spiral 10 roof garden 
ft up 1 err. Easy parking. Excel fum. 
£660 PW. 01 723 4133 
LLOAKE BQ. Bright newty dec PlW Itre. 2 
. uw beds. 2 baiha. 19c re<*p nn. buwnv. 

ktL With an tltungs. CH. colour T.V CO 
tel £510 pw TM. 584 6501 
SWL Excellent 2 bed flat, tn new luxury 
devreopmeni rxc security +■ comm qans 
. a dbie beds. recepL Ml. bath. £275 pw 
n«9 CaoiM 01 828 82&1 . 
tHJ lovely and enromrey IWW 2nd floor 
lui wiih 3 dbie beds. 2 exceflem rerepts. 
em oath, teiwr. 2nd belli. Ul/ bfort. 
£590 pw Cories 01 828 8251. 
BRUNSWICK BARDENS IVS interior He- 
eiwvK) 1 oed flal in super ucallon. 
Mirrored reception. Smallbore kumen 
£180 pw. Ol 727 7227 (Ti 
: CAMDEN TOWN. 5 unite tube. Large 2‘ 
bed IbL Receg. bathrm. UL All ament- 
D«. Ga&ch mvate entrance. £150 pw 
Avmi January 1 yr. TH 01 482 1667 


RENTALS 


EDEN CLOSE W8 
£700 p.w. 

Mrevs hotKe urtili douulf saraqf in 
qiam ioraMn tn centre ot Keni/W- 
lon. Drawing room, dining room. 3 
beds. 2 boon, garden. 

London Larpec Lctong Aomis 

Cherttrtons 

Kensington Offlce: 01937 7244 


For Ihe best rental selection of 

QUALITY 

FLATS & HOUSES 

In Mime London areas 

QURAISHI 

CONSTANTINE 

270 Earn Court Road. SW5 

01-244 7353 


THE LONC/SHORT LET speariMS. We 
have a Ipr veucoon ot hmirv 1/2/3/ 
A Brorofim nats with rate service . Inte- 
rior druoned a eewraUv located Avail 
Now Connaught Properties 727 3060 


F W CLAPP i Mana g ement Servicmi Lid re- 
quire properties tn Central. South and 
West London Areas tor wanng opMi- 
cafUs M Ol 221 8838. 


AVAILABLE HOW Luxury Oats ft nousM 
£200 ■ £1.000 per week Tei. Burgeas 
581 5 lib 


EARLS COURT SWS 3 bedroom lux flat. 
£550 pw nrg Ot 769 0200. 01-757 
7911 

FULHAM Lovely two bed garden flat. 
GCH. large receltoon. large kitdtefl. 
£!5Qpw TH: 01 720 0638. 

ONCEM PARK newly dec Hudioaor f bed 
■tots CH Tv Long/ short ires From 
£126 P w 937 4999 

MEWS HOUSE close M toe Central Une. 
WI Available for 3 3 months furmsned. 
TH Ol 406 lt«7 

Ml KARROOS. Stood s/e serviced studio 
IU CMC C/H. restored housekeeper 
£400 DCM TH 01-584 8546 

5, KEN Cxrtunw eregani 5 bed Kte rmp 
ch not. rot TV . washer, maul. £275ftw. 
VM-W now. avail 1st Jon. Ot 373 0763 

SERVICED APARTBKMTS to KrMUirien 
Col T v 24 nr Sw. Telex Comogham 
Apartments Ot S73 6306 

SLOANE APARTMENTS Prelect torauon 
oil Sum lx- Square. Fully serviced ft 
equipped TeL Ol 573 5306 tTl 

S IHM E SQ 5 mins Redecorated 2 bed 
flat Of character Rec. k/b. Hoc shower. 
Balcony Cl&Opw. ot SB9 4773. 

ST JAMES’S PLACE SWl Luxury 
serviced 2 Bed apartment- Prime loca- 
tion nest to Perk 01-573 6306 <17. 

Mi Cxceoenf 3 bed. 2 both marionette, 
note lube Comsttny ire £200 p.w. An- 
drews Lemon 01 686 out 

ATWOOO ROAD WS Newly decorated 
and re carpeted It otter 3 beds. 2 bates, 
dbie si rm. cn. open Ores tv video sierio. 
gun. suit trinity or responsibte sharers, 
lust back on marker due lo owners 
changed plans hence price reduced from 
£273 t»tO £180 pw Cavm COwperOl 
361 6752. 

5W3 off Kings Rd. Lovely I bed fUn> nai. 
3rd fir 6 mto nun. £125 pw. 0865 
S3I47. 

U3. COMPANY Seeks (ton properties In 
Central London. CBbban ft (toertce 689 
B4B1 

WAPPMG overtorfts Tobacco Dock, new 
designer funnelled 2 bed Oat- gge. Com 
pany tet £130 pw. 7B5-90U/947 0686 

WIMBLEDON AREA. Good selection 
heusev/nau. NO fee to tenants. Tele- 
phone Williams ft Son Ol 94T 3130. 


DOMESTIC ft 
CATERING SITUATIONS 


HOUSEKEEPER COOK 
RESIDENTIAL 

For active Hdertey professional man. 

lovely NW London house/gardea. 
Good sal. Own flot/balh/tv/car. Non- 
smoker preferred. Plenty of free ante. 
exc reh owmul 

01^5879001 «x53 office hoora. 


COOK/C AIEIU M 6 ASSIST ANT CBCOO 
neg w» are a large company baaed m 
Berkeley Sauorr looking for a lively ex- 
perienced cook lo Join the team m our 
private wine bar. The Ideal connate 

would be 99rd 23-26 with some catering 

admin experience. Hours rag 9 io 3. 
Monday to Friday If you would like fur- 
ther desalts plerac letephooe BlN W » 
Jacobsen on 529 9496. 


REUEF NANNY NNIB: 22*. from Janu- 
ary. with experience. 2 children i3 
years and 6 months! la Hampstead 
home Nursery dudes only, as ocher 
start kepi. Two days a week and one 
weekend per month- Fuse data refer- 
ences essential. F i n e r telephone Mri. 
Hayward on. 01-493 9369 (between 9 
am and 2 pm weeMoysL 

■ re c aareri i COOK ftp- sraafi EnriMh- 

staffad hotel in French SW ReaorL Tel: 

Ol 751 7989 

I SITUATIONS WANTED I 


YOUNG PROFESSIONAL quality manag- 
er. Advanced engineering Seeks 
natlonal/toiernauonaJ MtootoOnenL 
CE22K * oeaefUs. TaL Ol 965 4645 eve 


PCA EMBUSH 15 yis fucccaaftd ft dfrerar 
prof ana busneaa axp. in USA ft Cana- 
da. Now conridaing proposals for fun 
or port nn»e axec apixXntmeni/ pro tacts 
to Nth America or 7 WIU traveL Write 
UC PO Box 19606528 Irvine. Caftf 
92713 Lil>A 


OVERSEAS TRAVEL 


TRAVEL CENTRE specialising to Ftnrt and 
Club Cure, travel wortwtoe. Budget 
Fare* Auxae. NZ. SL Aim. USA and 
Portugal with acrom. TH 01 665 1 lOI 
AST A 73196- 

CRRtSTMAS aval lability. Catwick/Taro 
IB Dec £145 Malaga 22 December. 
£169 vatexanoer. Ot T23 6964. AMa 
Alol Access/ Visa 

HAVE YOU COT Your Turkey •87 Pro- 
enure yet"? Ring Tiukisn Deligh' 
HtriiKri now on 01 891 6901. Aral no 
2047 

LATIN AMERICA. Low cost IMibeft 
RIO £485. Lima £495 tin. Ai» Small 
Croup Holiday journeys leg Peru from 
£360i l LA 01-747-3108 

LOW FARES TO America. Australia ft 
New Zealand. Tal; 01-930 2565. Hermls 
Trarre 35 Whitehall. London. SWl. 
ABTA 3483X. 

LOW FARES WORLDTODE - USA. N/S 
America. Far EasL Africa. Airline Aot-d 
Ad Trayvate. 48 Margarre StreeL WI. 
Ol 680 2928 iVtea Accepted) 

NEW YORK, I— A . USA Worldwide deW- 
tiBUom. For toe cheapest fares, try us 
Is). Richmond Travri. 1 fW Bttd. 
Richmond Surrey. APT a 01-9*0 4073. 

N IP PO N AHf Seat sale to USACaribbean- 
Far East -Australia. Call uw 
professtonari ABTA I AT A <x except. 
TH O) 264 5788 

WINTER SUN Specials prices 10 Cyprus, 
Malta. Morocco. Greece. Malaga ft Te- 
nerife Nov ft Dec Pan World Holiday* 
01 734 2362 

XMAS 20/27 Doc ft Summer BT. Dterba. 
Canaries Greece ftts ft hols. 6 wk hot* 
3/1 It £399. Lunorscape. 01-441 0122 

(2* hr*) 

XMAS, wmicr. Summer. Atoarve. Tener- 
ife. Greece Turkey. Spain. EVH. Sn 
Lanka and many more holy flights. 
VrfHurSL 061 834 6033, ATOL 2034. 

ALICANTE, Faro. J^na- 

Tenenfe. Dtmond Travel ATOL I7B3. 
Ot 581 4641. Honttam 68542 

BEST Fares. Bol FWBJs-Beri holiday* 
anywhere. Soy Travel. 01 834 ?42 d. 

ABTA 

EUROPE /WORLD W®C lowest fkrm on 
enaner/scneOuted fit* Pilot night OJ 
631 0167 Aqt Alol 1893. 

FWST/C U» Class Concorde Dwounwo 
fares. Dumas Travel. 01488 yOIl 
ABTA 

HOLLAND. Daily MS . O/W. 

Bin. Frankfurt from £69. Mirocta JeL 
01 379 3322 

HONS KONG £4SBt BANOCOK £W- 

. Stnpapore £*S7 Other FEcItteS. 01-584 
6614 ABTA 

flowe ABROAD? Aim ft WheeltT 
epecranse to ready-to-wear Ugntwagnl 
ft U Optra! xulbjincedos.hoslerv ftiCCH- 
tones. 129 Regent St London WI. 

SKH.Y FROM «» Taomtftui Mte. 
Sjcjis- a la Carle. Grand Tour. Flight 
only from £69 rm. ISLANDSUN 01- 
222 7452. ABTA/ ATOL 1907 


^ANNOUNCEMENT^^ 

British Heart Foundation 

The heart research charity. 

102 Gloucester Race. I 

London W1H4DH, a \ 


O'TXSE-AS TRA\TL 


ITS ALL AT 
TRAILF1NDERS 

wortowioe tow coal tbohri 
The tmi ■ am we can prove tt 
195.000 chcnla wnce 1970 


ABOLKD THE WORLD FROM £766 


O/w 

RTN 

SYDNEY 

£374 

£660 

PERTH 

£405 

£600 

AUCKLAND 

£390 

£748 

BANGKOK 

£209 

085 

SINGAPORE 

£209 

£418 

HONG KONG 

£ 2*8 

£496 

DELHI/ BOMBAY 

£231 

£385 

COLOMBO 

£242 

£440 

NAIROBI 

«48 

£396 

JOTH-RG 

£270 

£467 

LIMA 

£275 

£506 

LOS ANCCLCS 

£167 

£308 

NEW YORK 

£ 19 

£198 

WASHINGTON 

£119 

£307 

BOSTON 

£157 

£274 

HOKOLLLC 

£281 

£457 

GENEVA 

£ TS 

£ 09 

42-4S EARLS COURT ROAD 


LONDON W8 6EI 

Curope/L9A nights Ol 937 5400 
Long Haul FI wins 01-603 1615 
1 si /Business cion 01-936 3444 
Government Ltcemea/Bonard 
ABTA I AT A ATOL 1458 


DISCOUNTED FARES 

Return Return 

JO-BURG/HAH W6S DOUALA £420 
NAIROBI E390 SYDNEY £780 
CAIRO £230 AUCKLAND £7B5 

LAGOS CXO HOMG KONG £350 

D£L- BOMBAY £350 MIAMI EOO 

BANGKOK CEO AND MANY MORE 
AFRO ASIAN TRAVEL LTD 
ten 65 Resent SL wi 
7C_ 01-«37 B25SW7/8 
LAW ft Gicua BotAeipi Brita xne 
AMEk/UlSA ACCESSfDftERS 


★ ALL FUGHTS BONDED* 
•A* HUGE DISCOUNTS *+ 
★ ★TOLIRIST CLASS** 
**CLUB CLASS** 

** 1ST CLASS** 

* * CONCORD** 


OVERSEAS TRAVEL 


FUCKTBOOXCRS Dtscounl F«Wx-QfM 
wide i*t /economy. 0) 367 9100 


MALAGA, Wmmv Ol 44| 1111 
Traiciwne Aoto. AWL 


Morocco aou». Promt sl wi. oi 
7M 6307 ARTA/Alttl. 


5. AFRICA From £465- 01-584 7371 
ABTA 


TDlB tW ItKl hori to Puerto ft LM 
Cnuianai Xmas and new Year avail. 
01 830 4581 AttantMa. ABTA. 


ALGARVE, enraamas Fit CafwlcK/Faro 
20 Dec 2was £159 uur SouthflHai Trav- 
el Oi 874 9019. AMI 10*0. 


ALGARVE 4 lux rulUMte v UUd, a/pori. ton- 
ms court, maid service, magnificent 
views 30 irons Faro aerpori Stro S ft B 
TH 01 857 3291 


WINTER SPORTS 


SKIBEACH 

VILLAS 

CmnSTMAS SPECIALS 


• SYDNEY » 

- PERTH * 

- HOBART • 

■ JOBURC * 

’ AUCKLAND * 

! FIJI ft 

BANSKOK ft 

SmGoPOR£ ft 

DU BA! ft 

UIO EAST ft 

: LUSAKA ft 

TO«o»no ft 

' L ANGELES ft 

CAfSBBEAN ft 

ft* SOUTH 
ft USA * USA 


ft MELBOURNE 

ft BRISBANE 

* ADELAIDE 

ft S AFRICA 

ft WELLINGTON 

ft PC MORESBY 

ft TOKYO 

ft MANILA 

* 8AHRAM 

ft NAIROBI 

* HARARE ' 

ft VANCOUVER 

ft MIAMI ' 

* S FRANCISCO - 
AMERICA ft* 

ft USA ft USA ft 


SUNWORLDTRAVa 

(Efl'd IWI 

$4 S«.th Sl Epsom . Surrey 
(113737) 27533C55X1C7I09/ 
2S3l5/24S32/3b097 


LOWEST FARES 

Parts £69 N YORK £275 

Frankfurt £60 LA/SF £366 

Logos £320 Miami £320 

Nairobi £325 Singapore £420 

Jo-burg £460 Bangkok £556 

Cairo £205 Katmandu £440 

Del /Bom £335 Rangoon £360 

Hong Hone £510 Calcutta £426 

Huge Durounts Avail on 14 & CUR date 

SUN & SAND 

21 SwaOow SL London WI 
01-059 2100/437 0557 


NEW LOW FARES .. 

AMMAN £236 KUWAIT 
BOM/DCL £355 NEW YORK 
CAIRO £205 BALTIMORE 

DAMASCUS £245 ROME 
DUBAI £945 SEOUL 

FRA-FURT £66 STN/KUL 
HONG KONG £490 SVD/MEL 
ISTANBUL £170 TAIPA1 
KARACHI £285 TOKYO 

SKYLOAD TRAVEL LTD. 
2 DENMAN S TR EE T. LONDON 
TEL: 01-439 3621/8007 
At RUNE BONDED 


TRAVEL 
WORLD WIDE 

Somd adues and gudancs on 
reduced tong tad tiw»l costs. 
EXTRA SPECIAL 1ST 5 CLUB TO IHE USA 
(037771 43558 

SPECIAL 1 ST 4 C LUB WORUWIOE 
(03777)43550 

LOW COST ECONOMY WOfUlMDE 
(03727)47739 

Herabs at rte htsame ol Travel & Ttsrisn 

Trewf haranee Spceaka 


UP UP & away 

Nairobi. Jo'Buro. Cairo. DdML 
tstanbul. Singksore. k.L OHhL 
Bangsotc- Hong Kong Sydney. 
Mexico. Bogota. Caracas. 
Europe. A The Atnencps. 

Hamineo Travel, 

76ShafU*<iry Avenue 
London W1V 7DG- 

01-439 0102/01-439 7751 
Open Saturday 1 0.00- 13.00 


VORLD WBC CHCAPKS We beu any 

fare to any deeonauoo tn ihe world. 
NEVER KNOWINGLY UNDERSOLD. 
EALING Travel 01 579 7775. 


AIR TICKETS Specialists N York £229. 
LA/San Fran £579 Sydiwy/MNOOunie 
£769. AU direct dally nights Danah- 130 
jermyn Streecot 839 7144 


CO&ICUi itjtt ON raghri/nois to Eu- 
rope. USA & most desUnattons- 
DlPtoma) Travel: 01-730 2201 ABTA 
I AT A ATOL. 


AFRICAN SCAT SPCdAUSTS. World 

Travel Centre. Ol 878 8146. ABTA. 
1ATA. 


SPAM Faro. Xmas A New Year fughta fr 
£109 Bwies Ot 736 8»»1 AU4/AMX. 


SVD/MEL £636 Perth £665. AU ma)or 
camers to Aus/NZ. 01-584 7571 
ABTA 


CMEAP PUOKTS Worldwide. Haymarltet 
01 930 1366. 


DISCOUNT FARES Worldwide: 01-454 
0734 jupuer Travel. 


DtSCOUNTES • GROUP FARES World- 
wide. TH U.T C 10755) BS7035 

LOWEST Air Fun. Scheduled Europe A 
wortdwue Med Star Travel. 01 928 
32 00 

LOWEST Air Fares. Europe and world 
wide. Oi 836 8622. Buckingham 
Traiej. 

MOROCCAN MAGI C - Holidays. lUghtaL 
accom. car lure. C*u Seaquii Holidays. 
Ot b29 9712 ABTA ATOL 1178 

TUNISIA For your noUdav where It's SUl 
summer. Caff for out oroc-fiurenow. Tu- 
nisian T ravel Bureau. 01373 44 1 1. 

ALL US CITIES. Lowest lares on motor 
scheduled earners. 01-58* 7371. ABTA 

TAKE TONE OFF lo Parts. Amsterdam. 
Brussels. Bruges. Geneva. Berne. Lau- 
sanne. Zunrti. The Hague. Duoun. 
Rouen. Boulogne 6 Dieppe Time Off. 
2a. Chester Odse. Loudon. SW1X 7BQ. 
01 235 8070. 

AIRFARE SPCOAUSrrs Sydney o/w 
£490 rtn £785. Auckland o/w £464 nn 
£775 JO'burg o/w £2*6 rtn £488. LM 
Aitortes o/w £278 rm £300 London 
FiigNi Centre 01-370 6352. 

CHRISTMAS ui Lanzarote. 4wb lor toe 
once of 2. £339. Limited avallaMily lor 
Z wks £339. 10923) 778544. Trmiway 
Holidays. ABTA. ATOL u07 


ME3UBEL £209 

STAFFED CHALET PRICES 
FULLY INCLL-SIVE 
Of flight, ski insurance and 
delicious flood 

NO EXTRAS BUT ALL THE FRILLS) 
LIMITED OFFERS ■ BOOK NOW ON 
(0225)311113 

ABTA 1415X ATOL 38 IB 

Access/ Barciaycard/ Ano 


SKI SUPERTRAVHL 
SPECIAL XMAS OFFER 

20 DEC FROM £1491 
Catered chalets in the lop resorts 
- otorr dales CSC offl 
• 5/C apartments fr. £138 
RING now 

01-584 6060 


VAL DttSERE & Tlgne* catered chalet 13 
Dec (7 days tin ingi. Return coach only 
£12300 20 Dec £16500 Ihe return 
Awaits No surcharges also some Xmas 
avoUabUtty Les Arcs & MerfbeL Ski val. 
01 200 60B0(24nrSI or 01 905 4444. 
AST A/ ATOL. 


WINTER SPORTS 


SKI WHIZZ 

ITS SNOWING! ITS 

ARR'VHXjSOgCTVpURSKrt 

EACTTINfl BARGAIN PRICES 

20 OEC I WK tt*» 

2^ DEC I WK -.*199 

3 JAN 1 WK £159 

L aned dolru indtunr irfflffcl Tbc iop 
Ftrort tSmuoMi! Loodvnt Inn tor 
utifteL ctupies 4 grow 
RING 01-370 025b 
(24hnV0W9/0997 
Agnus for Aid ICO 


MU TOTAL. Chain Parties, hotels, opts in 
France /Austria. Xmas vacs i0932i 
231113. 

SlUWOftLD Xmo* Hois Tram £99. Andes; 
ra 4 Tfones Brochure 01 602 4826 
24nr ABTA. 


PUBLIC NOTICES 


DEPARTMENT OF TRADE 

AND INDUSTRY 

INSURANCE COMPANIES ACT 1982 
Nonce of Approval of TronsJn m Busuieas 
Nonce h hereby onen under section 
51i5i of toe Insurance Companies act 
1982 that the Secretory of State, having 
cnnsulerM » a«mcaiion from The Home 
Insurance C-smpany lor Ms approval ot a 
transfer of certain general buswuras to 
Qgu insurance Company of Europe SA- 
NA- has approved toe iratWrc 
Notice of tne application was pttotashM 
in the London. Edinburah and BeiraM 

CsHte and in The Time* and Financial 

Ttroci on 26 September 1986 

Oiurtmeni Of Trade and Indusry 

December i486 


JUST FRANCE - Super vaioe MI catering 
skf hobdayv IP the best French resort*. 
Ring (or new Brochure now. 

Tel 01-789 2S92. 

ABTA 69256 And 1385. 


SHI W ES T - MOW Offering superb Christ. 
max specials lo France and Switaenano. 
Save up to £200 for deps- On 20/27 
Dec. Ol 785 9999. 


mmi Private apartment, central by 

Median. 3 double beds, baui/stiower. 
ewftffrni cook, garage. Jan 41 - Feb 14. 
Ring Ol 730 5615 Monday - Friday. 


COURCHEVEL OFFERS with LeSkl Dec 
13£99/£249 2 wks. Xmas £157 Jan 3 
£129/£199. 2 wks Jan IO £129. AU 
prices by coach. Add £40 by air. All 
include MIT board/ tree wine hi Quality 



Include hair boar* 

chains, freegiddb 
enure call La Sid 


& tumon . For oro- 
184 548996. 


RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT GROUP 
LIMITED 

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that Use 
creditors of Ihe above-named Company, 
wnm n being wound-up voiunlaruy. are 
reouired. on or before the 1st day of 
March 1987. to send In their names, 
addresses and particulars of thor ctu ms to 
the undersigned Nigel John Hamiiion- 
Smllh ol Latham. Crowley 5 Davis, 
Stanhope House. 1 10 Drury Lane. London 
WC2B GST. Ihe umimarar of Uie compa- 
ny, or ui defauu thereof they win be 
excluded from toe benefit of any dhtribie 
non mode before such <jet*s are proved. 
DATED this 3rd day Of December 1986. 

NJ. HAMU.TOKLSMTTW 

LIQUIDATOR 


DON’T BOOK a skJ holiday uniu you've 
read our informative onxnure «wt 
overwnetmra by the value « elunneo py 
toe Special Offers A FREE Child Places 
(ev en on Xmas A NY.) Ski Freedom Ol - 
741 4686/4471 f?4hrsi A Manchester 
061-256 0019 tAtol 432). 

CHRISTMAS Departures. 1 week In 
France- £99 CS/Ci. Aroma £119 OtoML 
naiv £109 ts/ci inn return furon*. 
Many other bargains available. Cou 1 
Nedsons. 0652442980 ABTA 

SKI SCOTT DUNN- Exclusive chalet holi- 
days Champery. Pone* de SofieL No 
Surcharges- Discounts January. Call 
now) 0489 0T7839. 

' JOHN MORGAN SKI . 13. 20 Dec. Chalet 
Nlpd from £)390ptoC) Of fie gW * £99 
Ud WL TH. Ol 499 1911 


— limn miML Xm» Chalets £199. 
New Year £299. On plate. TH 0590 
70219 124 hrsL 

TMNES - comfortable catered accanuno- 
dation. Near slopes. French cook - super 
food. Loads of snow for chrutmas and 
New Year. Tel: 01-686 3414. 

VEIIHNR Deps Jan. Started chalet to nt 
cHlenl location affen detlaoro food s 
guide service, from CtOOpppw. Ski 
Errtngton. 01 675 5997. 


TAKE ADVANTAGE of us In January 
verbser. Vlllara. MenbeL M e pave. Sid 
LTO Alpeo. Ol 602 9766. 


BN I FU CRTS. DtrOy to Geneva. Zurich. 
Munich etc. From £59. SKI WEST. TH 
Ol 785 9999. 



whim im bring wound up voluntarily, are 
required, cn or before toe IN day of 
March 1987. w send to men names, 
addresses and particulars of thefr dal ms to 
the undersign rd NfgH John Hamilton- 
Snath of Latham. Croaaley A Davis. 
Siannope House. 1 tO Drury Lane. London 
WC2B 6ST. the LMUKlaior o< the compa- 
ny. or In default thereof they wfll be 
excluded from toe benefit of any OOirtbu- 
uon made before such debts are proved. 
DATED Hus 3rd day of December 1986. 

NJ HAMILTON-SMITW 
LIQUIDATOR 

BIAS (ACCOUNTING PERSONNEL) 
LIMITED 

NOTICE B HEREBY GIVEN pursuant lo 
Section 588 ot Uw Oompaiua Art. 1985. 
toot a MEETING of toe creditors of Bus 
(Accounting Personnel) Limited. Ml be 
held al uw offices of Leonard Curas A 
Partners. 3rd Floor. Peter House. Oxford 
StreeL Manchester Ml BAB On Wedoo- 
i day uw 24Ui day of December 1986 at 
12.00 o'clock noon, for toe purposes 
provided lor tn Sections S89 and 690. 
DATED toe 4to day of December 1986 
L. STARK 

DtP ECTOR 

(FT ARK BROOKS INVESTMENTS 
LIMITED 

NOTICE ® HER Est ctven pursuant to 
Section 588 of the Companies Act. 1986. 
that a MEETING of the creditors of Slant 
Brooks Limited, will be held al toe offices 
of Leonard Curtis A Partners. 3rd Floor, 
Peter House. Oxford Street. Manchester 
Ml 5AB on Wednesday toe 2 am day of 
December 1986al 11 OO o'clock aan.. for 
toe purposes provided for In Sections 689 
■no 590. 

DATED toe 4 th day of December 1986 
L STARK 
DIRECTOR 


VEHBJER 

MER1BEL 

COURMAYEUR 


\ WINTEg^ORTS I 

BLADON LINES 

The Biggest Choice on Skis 
CHRISTMAS CRACKERS 

Devs. 20/21 Dece m ber 7 nights 

Chalet Parties & Chalet Holds 
from £149 SAN V1G1UO 
from £149 VAL DTSERE 
from £149 CRANS MONTANA 
SELF CATERING from £99 


mm £149 
front £189 
from £149 


01-785 777) 

Sdf Catering & Hotels 


March Deps. 
0422 78121 


GENERAL ENQUIRES 
01-785 2200 


Oi-785 3131 

Chalet Parties 

ABTA16723 
' ATOL 1232 


To Place Your 
Classified 
Advertisement 

Please telephone the appropriate number listed 
below between 9am and 6pm. Monday to 
Friday, or between 9.30am and 1.00pm on 
Saturdays. 

Birth, Marriage and Death NoticesOl-481 4000 

Birth and Death notices may be accepted over 

the telephone. For publication the following day 

please telephone by 1.30pm. Marriage notices 

not appearing on the Court & Social page may 
also be accepted by telephone. 

Trade Advertisers: 

Appointments 01-481 4481 

Public Appointments 01-481 1066 

Property 01-481 1986 

Travel 01-481 1989 

UX Holidays OJ-488 3698 

Motors 01481 4422 

Personal 01481 1920 

Business to Business 01481 1982 

Education 01481 1066 

Forthcoming Marriages, Weddings, etc for the 

Court and Social Page 
Cannot be accepted by Telephone 

Please send Court and Social Page notices to: 

Court & Social Advertising, 

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1, Pennington Street, 

London El 9DD 

Please allow at least 48 hours before publication. 

Any enquiries for the Court & Social page may 
be made after 10.30am on 01-822 9953 

You may use your Access, Amex, Diners 
or Visa card. 













































24 


THE TIMES THURSDAY DECbMVZK 1 1 tag o 


Early sale 
for British 
Steel, says 
Channon 

By Colin Narferongh 

The Government disclosed 
yesterday that the British Steel 
Corporation would be its first 
candidate for privatization if 
the Conservatives are re- 
turned to power at the next 
general electron. 

The Prime Minister had 
stated earlier that BSC would 
be included in privatization 
plans tor the next Parliament, 
but Mr Paul Gannon, Sec- 
retary of State for Trade and 
Industry, went a step farther 
in the Commons yesterday, 
saying that the state-owned 
steel maker should be “top of 
the list”. 

BSCs recently announced 
half-year profit of £68 million 
was very encouraging and 
represented further progress 
towards sustained profitabil- 
ity, putting the corporation in 
a much better position to meet 
the challenges of the market,' 
he said at question time. 

He assured MPs of substan- 
tial progress on denat- 
iooalisau'on and said that 
proposals would be put before 
Parliament alter the elections. 
These are widely expected 
next year. 

Parliament, page 4 

High-wire act 
to prevent 
party split 

Continued from page I 
national executive meet at the 
clause five meeting to settle 
the manifesto, with Mr Healey 
and others threatening to sptrt 
the party publicly as the 
general election campaign be- 
gins — as Mr James Callaghan 
did to such dire effect at the 
last election — if Mr Kinnock 
does not make further I 
concessions. 

Labour is certainly bowing : 
to pressure. By refusing to give 
a deadline for the removal of I 
US nuclear bases and weap- 
ons, by promising that it will 
be done by negotiation in a 
“process of partnership” and 
by confirming along with Mr 
Healey that Labour will accept 
Nato’s current strategy, 
including the nod ear um- 
brella which he so forcefully 
rejected at this year's parly 
conference, until the allies 
agree to change it, Mr 
Kinnock has acknowledged 
the credibility gap and the 
marketing crisis in selling : 
Labour’s policies. 

It is a significant 
dimbdown. His difficulty is 
th**t the Tories will take it as 
evidence that they have him 
on the run. 


Simple still-life is Sir Michael’s choice 




* Mii 



Sir Michael Levey with his favourite painting StiU-life With Oranges and Walnuts by Luis Melendez (Photograp&Tim Bishop) 


By Garin Bell 

Arts Correspondent 

Should an important 18th century 
Spanish painting mysteriously vanish 
from the National Gallery next year, 
police seeking help with their in- 
quiries would do well to consult Sir 
Michael Levey. 

The oQ painting by Lais Melendez, 


StiU-Ufe With Oranges And Walnuts, 
is among more than 30 works selected 
by Sk Michael for an exhibition 
marking his retireuKflt as director of 
the gallery next month. 

Of all the pamtings acquired under 
his guidance m the past 13 years, it is, 
he confided to The Times yesterday, 
his personal favourite. 


“If I were choosing a painting that I 
would like m my own home, this 
would be ft. I would not wish a large 
masterpiece, partly because I live very 
modestly. It is unusual, easy to Eke, 
and would raise the tone of any 
drawing-room.” 

Sir Michael admitted that a partial- 
ity for fruit and nuts — and sweets 


mud to be in the round boxes — was a 
factor in his dunce. “It is very much 
more appealing than dead birds. I 
would not want to live with pictures of 
murdered animals with Mood on their 
noses.” 

The exhibition^ of the director's 
selected acquisitions opens next 
Wednesday and rims until February 
15. 


Wiesel collects his 
Nobel Peace Prize 
at Oslo ceremony 

From Tony Samstag, Oslo 

Mr Pic Wiese!, author. Through bis boc-ks M : 

and rented aHdMe ^ bu I ahe an analyst! 

non and pia>er of 0 »* .nil poults. which h\ 

emotionally, and behind the cvenis. 


ai limes almost inaudibfy. this 
year's Nobel Peace Prize win- 
ner then turned to the English 
language to thank his audience 
“for declaring on this singular 
occasion that our survival has 
Tji flpning for mankind • 

Unlike several in recent 
vears, vesterdav's prize-giving 
cercmdnv at the University o. 

Oslo went off without a hitch, 
resembling at , times an 
ecumenical religious service 
with two distinctly sombre 
sermons, and stately musical 
interludes by Grieg, the 
Norwegian composer, and the 
Jewish Mendelssohn. 

Mr Egil Aarvik. Chairman 
of the Norwegian Nobel 
Committee, described Mr 
Wiesel's experiences, in Nor- 
wegian: “In 1 945, in the ashes 
left behind after the sacrificial 
flames which annihilated six 
million Jews, sat the seven- 
teen-year-old Hie Wiesel. an 
onh 1 son of Abraham, an Isaac 
who once again had escaped a 
sacrificial death on Mount 
Moriah at the last moment 

“He will receive the Nobel 
Peace (Prize) today because he 
too has become a witness for 
truth and justice. 

“From the abyss of the 
death camps he has come as a 
messenger to mankind — not 
with a message of hate and 
revenge, but with one of 
brotherhood and atonement” 


His main concern is ire 
question of what measures we 
can take to prevent a recur- 
rence of these events '. 

The Norwegian IznguLz-z 
sounds uncannily like Chau- 
cerian English. 

As Mr AarviK wnrmed to 
his theme, including ref- 
erences from the Old T es- 
tamcr.t as well as *c guest c; 
honours own texts, she efic^ 
versed on the evangelical. 

Mr Wiese! spoke modestly 
and brieflv. stressing that his 
concerns embraced afl per- 
secuted and suffering peoples, 
including: the Palestinians. 

“Something must be done 
about their suffering, and 
soon.” he declared. "I inis: 
Israel, for I ha'e faith in ihe 
Jewish oeople. 

“Let Israel be given a 
chance. let hatred and danger 
be removed from her horizons 
and there will be peace jn and 
around the Holy Land." 

On the pavement outside 
the Great Hall of the univer- 
sity. several men intercepted 
those i caving the ceremony in 
order to offer leaflets, 
Norwegian and English. need- 
ed .-I Prominent False li nnets; 
Ehe Wiesel. 

The leaflets accused Mr 
Wiesel of exaggerating the 
magnitude of the holocaust, 
and quoted “There is no 
business like shoah-husiness*'. 


Pretoria U-boat plans 
spell trouble for Kohl 

From John England, Boon 

pons and allied products to 
Pretoria. 

Spokesmen for Herr Kohl's 
Christian Democratic tCDU) 
Party charge the SPD with 
trying to make the submarine 
plans affair an election lop: 
to embarrass the chancellor 
during the campaign for the 
January 25 polL 
The conservatives say they 
will broaden the committee's 
brief to investigate arms ex- 
ports under former SPD chan- 
cellors Brandt and Schmidt. 

The plans are said to have 
been sold by a Kid shipbuild- 
ing firm for 46 million 
deutsch marks (£16.2 million). 

One of Herr Kohl's aides 
said the chancellor considered 
the sale in 1984 and 1985. but 
no official approval was given. 


The role of Herr Helmut 
Kohl, the West German Chan- 
cellor and his Government in 
the alleged illegal sale of 
German U-boat construction 
{dans to South Africa is to be 
investigated by a Bonn par- 
liamentary committee. 

' The all-party committee 
was being formed yesterday at 
the demand of the Social 
Democratic (SPD) and Green 
opposition parties and is ex- 
pected to begin work today, 
less than seven weeks before 
the federal election. 

The opposition parties ac- 
cuse Herr Kohl of having ap- 
proved the deal with South Af- 
rica in contravention of West 
Germany’s arms export laws 
and the United Nations em- 
bargo of 1977 on sales of wea- 


THE TIMES INFORMATION SERVICE 


Today’s events 


Royal engagements 

The Queen holds an Investi- 
ture at Buckingham Palace, 1 1; 
and attends a reception at 
Guildhall to mark the 150th 
anniversary of the Newspaper 
Society, 6 JO. 

The Prince of Wales, Presi- 
dent of the Prince’s Trust, 
accompanied by the Princess of 
Wales, visits the production 
stage of the film “ Living 
Daylights" at Pinewood Stu- 
dios, 2.45. 


Princess Margaret visits Cr- 
owborough and opens the new 
swimming pool at the Gold- 
smith Leisure Centre, 11.40; 
and as President visits the 
Holder Centre for Arthritics at 
Crowborough and opens the 
Hydrotherapy Pool 2.35. 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
visits the Royal Institute of Oil 
Painters' Exhibition at tire Mall 
Galleries, The Mall, 3. 

Princess Michael of Kent 
attends a Royal National In- 
stitute for the Blind Christmas 
Children’s party in the Mem- 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,226 



ACROSS 

1 Saw demonstrator before 
bishop (7). 

S Former speaker in Devon 
(7). 

9 Something attractive in old- 
est one switching first 
couple (9). 

10 Wise man’s brief farewell 
(5). 

11 European undergrowth (5). 

12 Remove king or queen, say? 
Shame! (9). 

14 Procedural rules for ter- 
minating sitting# (8,6). 

17 Wine cade game writer 
found in English resort 
(9,5). 

21 She makes porter cross, as 
well as artist (9). 

23 Timely as chalk may be 
(2,3). 

24 Blunder, repeating third 
note in quartet (5). 

25 Operating with great phy- 
sician inside (5,4). 

26 Furniture for grown-up and 
child (7). 

27 Figure concealed by Vene- 
tian on a gondola (7). 


DOWN 

1 La n gua g e — it could be 
French (6). 

2 Eccentrics accept finally 
what's left (7). 

3 Oriental festival stricter 

when overlapping (9). 

Concise Crossword 


4 American girl, noted Liberal 
(5-6). 

5 Observe basis of equal 
retaliation (3). 

6 How to score fast (5). 

7 Release what's apparently 
tight (7). 

8 German hair-piece for 
Diana (8). 

13 Keeping apart from Saint 
George, somehow (1 IX 

15 Note producer's mixture of 
red ana orange (4-5). 

16 Neat part of course (8). 

18 Work manually and com- 
plete, we hear, what's re- 
quired (7X 

19 Deficient as Fiance’s mere 
ruler (7). 

20 River in Southern level (6). 

22 Tossed caber that’s sharp 

(5). 

25 Forget lines may be out of 
water (3). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,225 



& 


bets’ Dining Room, House of 
Commons, 4. 

Princess Alexandra attends 
the opening of the International 
1 Showjumping Championships 
-ai Olympia, 6.15. 

‘Last chance to see 
Paintings, Drawings and 
Gouaches: The Pine Gallery, 
Goodstation Road, Tunbridge 
WcOs. 

Music 

Bournemouth Symphony Or- 
chestra and Bournemouth Sinf- 
onietta: day Mendelssohn and 
Dvorak/Wmchester College, 7 
30. 

St Swithun’s School Carol 
Service, 3. Evensong, 5 30 and 
Light Division Carol Service, 7. 
Both at Winchester CatbediaL 
Le Strayaganze Concert incl- 
udes music by Handel, Vivaldi 
and Bach Leicestershire Mu- 
seum and Art Gallery, New 
Walk, Leicester, 12 45. 

Lunchtime Concert at Sdf- 
hufl Library Theatre, with Caro- 
line Palmer (pianoX 1. 

Angela Brownridge (piano) 
plays Beethoven and Liszt at the 
Royal Exchange, Manchester, !. 

Programme of Spanish Music 
with the Aranjuez Guitar Trio, 
Newton Abbot Community 
Centre, KmgstetgHten, 8. 

Talks, lectures 
The Photography of Ghosts 
Peter Underwood, President 
the Ghost Club and author of 
more than 20 books on the 
subject, National Centre of 
Photography, The Octagon, 

Christmas Science Lecture: 
Experiments and Consider* 
ations Touching Colours, New- 
man Bail ding, Exeter Univ- 
ersity, today and tomorrow, 2 

m 

Costume Clues: Jeremy Far- 
rell, Keeper of Costume and 
Textiles, illustrates what paint- 
ings can tell us about the 
fashions and lifestyles of our 
ancestors, Lecture Theatre, Cas- 
tle Museum, Nottingham, 2 30. 

Reformation England: An 
Eject Nation, by Professor Pat- 
rick CoDinson, Alnwick Room, 
Hatfield College, North Bailey, 
Durham, 8 15. 

General 

Display of Dancing by the 
Cowper School of Dancing, 
Carnegie Theatre, Workington, 

Christmas Market Tradition- 
al Christmas market based on 
event in German twin town of 
Neustadt, stalls, food, drink, 
entertainment Ac. Thur-Fri 6 30 
to 9, 12 to 9 30 Sat (ends). 

Helen McNeil and Anne 
Stevenson present an evening 
devoted to American poet 
Emily Dickinson, National Po- 
etry Centre, 21 Earls Court 
Square, SW5, 7 30. 

Beautiful Barbarians: lesbian 
today, ICA, The Mall, 

1, 7 30. 




Tower Bridge 


Tower Bridge will be raised 
today atlO am. 


Books - paperback 


Tba Literary Editor's selection erf Interesting books pubfohsd this week: 
FICTION 

A Ttee Grom to Brooklyn, by Betty Smith (Pavanns, £3£5) 

Caracole, by Edmund White (Pteador, £335) 

Cold Showers, by Clare Nonnebe) (Grafton, £255) 

The Laird of Dramroochdyfe and fw Contemporaries, or Random 
Stanches in Outfne vdth a Burnt Stick, by VfflBam Alexander, edited w9h an 
introduction by Wiliam Do na Mso n (Aberdeen University, E2L90) 

** 988 Canaa ' * ransf ® te ° ty Card Stewart 

Black BriWi Literature, An Annotated Bfe fl ogr ap hy. by Plabhu Guptara 
(Warwick Uruversity/Danganxi, £7.95) 

Grampian, Exgtorigj Scotland's Heritage, by ian A.G. Shepherd (Sta- 



.by Federico Garci 

Gershator (Marion Boyars, £7.95) 
Ways of TeCng, The Work of John 
PH 


Beiger, by Geoff Dyer (Pluto, £4.95) 


The pound 


Australia $ 
Austria Seta 
Belgium Fr 
CaaadaS 
Demerit Kr 
FMoodMck 
Ranee Ft 
many Dr 
G reses Dr 
Hong Kong $ 
Intend Pi 
My Lin 
Japan Yea 
Netherlands Gid 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
Sooth Africa Bd 


Kr 

SwttxerfaudFt 

USAS 

Yugoslavia Dnr 


Bar* 


21.10 

6270 

ZDS 

11M 

7.48 

979 

3JJ0 

235 

1140 

1.108 

2075 

244 

aa7 

1174 

232 

4J» 

200 

1028 

2505 

IAS 

820 


Bank 

Sate 

214 
1930 
59.10 

134 

W.74 

838 

829 

283 

215 
1030 
1343 
1956 

230 

219 

1034 

210 

3.40 

190 

973 

2365 

132 

720 


onto a 
Dinar 


Rates for smaldenoutallon tank notBs 
as sropBad by Barclays Bank PUG. 
i rent rates apply to travellers’ 
cheques and otfiw foreign currency 
Business. 

Ratal Price tades 3884 

London: The FT Index dosed tel 1.1 Bt 

12853. 


Anniversaries 


Births: Hector Bcriioz, Cote- 
saint-Audrfe, 1803; Robert Koch, 
bacteriologist, KlausthaL' Ger- 
many, 1843. 

Deaths: Llewelyn Ab Gr- 
afiydd. Prince ofWalcs. killed in 
battle, near Builth, 1282; Olma 
Schreiner, writer. Cape Town, 
1920. James II fled from Eng- 
land, 1688. Abdication of Ed- 
ward Vm and accession of 
George VI, 1936. The USA 
declared war on Germany and 
Italy, 1941. 


Christmas galls 


Cheap-rate local, national and 
most international calls will be 
available in England, Wales and 
Northern Ireland from 6pm on 
Wednesday, December 24 to 
8am on December 29 and from 
6pm on December 31 to 8am 
January 2. 

In Scotland, the redactions 
will run from 6pm Tuesday, 
December 23 to 8am Monday, 
January S. 

A three-minute call from the 
UK to Australia will cost £2.1 1 
instead of the normal £2.64 and 
a call , from London to Edin- 
burgh wflj cost I3p for three 
minutes instead of 26p (exclud- 
ing VATX 


Roads 


Loudon and South-east 
AIM: Hatfield' tunnel open. 
M20: Roadworks London-bou- 
nd Junction 3 (Wrotham Hill). 
Stratford: C ar pent e rs Road 
dosed at River Lea bridge - 
diversions. 

The Midlands: MS: Road- 
works between junctions 5 
(Droitwich) and 6 (Worc- 
ester) JIard shoulder only north- 
bound. A456: Delays between 
Bewdtey and Birmingham. MI: 
Roadworks between junctions 
L5 and 16 (A5Q8, ' A45, 
Northampton). 

Wales and the West: M4: 
Delays between junctions 16 
and 17 (SwindonX A303: 
Resurfacing between Honiton 
and Ihninstftr. A31: Round- 
about construction near Fern- 
down, long delays. 

The North: Ml: Repairs be- 
tween junctions 31 and 33> 
(Worksop and M18). M61: 
Construction work at Blacow 
Bridge. Delays on M61/M6. 
M6: Contraflow between junc- 
tions 29 and 32 (M55/PrcstonX 

Scotland: A77: Lane closures 
southbound between Meams 
Cross and Crockfur Road. A94k 
Eastbound lane dosines, Great 
N orther n Road, Aberdeen. De- 
lays. Edi nbu rgh: Delays at 
Terrace. 



— — 





You mini have your caro with you 
wtm you letophane. 

a you are unable to Mwottone 
someone aw can datm on your netiau 
but Uw must lave your card andean 
Hie Times Portfolio elauus Hoe 
between Die aumriated antes. 

No respon sib ility can be accepted 
/or failure w contact me dairae office 
for any reason wtttnn the star - ' 


( WFATHFn cold front will move sooth-east across all parts. 

' ncn . . ^ B ngfan d and Wales will start cloudy with outbreaks of 

ram reaching the SE by evening. Drier, brighter weather will follow into Wales and 
northern England . Scotland and Northern Ireland will have a day of scattered 
showers and some sunshine though some eastern parts of Scotland will have more 
persistent ram at first The showers will be most frequent in the N and W of 
Scotland and toll as snow over hills. A windy day generally with gales in the far > 
and W. Outlook for tomorrow and Saturday: Continuing changeable with more 
rain in ail districts. 


C 


HIGH TIDES 


5 c 


TODAY 

AM 

HT 

PH 

HT 

London Bridge 

9j41 

6.1 

1033 

63 

Aberdeen 

HUE 

35 

1056 

27 

AvuuiuouUi 

251 

10.7 

338 

112 

BsBsst 

731 

3JQ 

748 

33 

CanGK 

238 

120 

3.13 

104 

Davonpott 

1.48 

45 

254 

48 

Dover 

756 

55 

755 

5.7 

Fatanosth 

1.16 

4.4 

134 

45 

Gtagw 

206 

4.1 

924 

43 

HanSdi 

752 

35 

836 

35 

llnlnlieral 

nWOMQ 

6^ 

158 

45 

64 

753 

357 

45 

21 

Mtacombe 

1-55 

73 

235 

7.7 

Lett 

11.06 

49 

1132 

55 

Uveipool 

730 

75 

747 

83 

Lowestoft 

455 

23 

631 

22 

Margate 

«Hford Haven 

7.48 

2-16 

42 

55 

854 

243 

42 

55 

Mhraxrey 

1.15 

27 

141 

20 

Otaa 

2.19 

35 

244 

24 

Bwaro 

1259 

46 

1.16 

43 

Portland 

241 

15 

257 

1.7 

n ■- »*■ 

rwwwdnn 

748 

42 

214 

40 

Shoreham 

7.17 

-54 

754 

5.1 

SoaOun^ikn 

731 

41 

750 

35 

Swansea 

233 

75 

251 

75 

Tees 



1232 

45 

WRoo-an-Nxe 

730 

35 

223 

27 


( AROUND BRITAIN ) 


S ata n 

Brid ta g toa 

Cramer 


Worthtag 








Sun Rain Max 
mil C F 

- .11 7 45 sunny 

47 .09 7 45 sunny 

53 j 01 7 45 sunny 

67 - 8 46 sumy 

7.1 J0Z 9 48 sunny 

* - 9 48 sunny 

73 - 9 48 Suraiy 

67 32 10 50 sunny 

65 - 10 50 omy 

6.1 35 11 52 sunny 

aG .13 11 52 sunny 

6.5 US 11 52 sumy 

63 .13 11 52 rain 

S3 .16 11 a shower 
53 36 10 50 drawer 

5.1 .18 10 50 rain 
33 38 10 50 drawer 

4.1 .14 11 52 shower 

4.1 .16 11 52 shower 
21 .10 10 50 shower 
21 .07 10 50 shower 

44 .09 10 50 S how e r 
47 36 10 50 shower 

- .11 10 50 shower 

45 .11 10 50 showar 
45 .10 10 50 bright 
45 39 11 S2 ttaT 
33 36 12 54 shower 
03 33 13 55 ram 

.12 12 54 shower 
.78 9 48 shower 

33 6 46 shower 

34 7 45 shower 

.13 8 48 shower 
32 9 48 shower 
.19 7 45 ratal 
32 11 52 sunny 
.11 7 45 ratal 

32 7 45 bright 

37 7 45 shower 

23 -36 10 50 has 
13 38 9 48 hell 

* J3 9 48 rah 
15 -40 9 48 ratal . 

2.1 .48 5 41 sho w e r 

42 34 6 43 shower 

43 -23 6 43 shower 

S3 33 7 45 shower 
42 31 5 41 bright 

- 39 5 41 ratal 
21 37 7 45 shower 
20 .01 7 45 shower 

1.1 33. 7 45 hai 

33 .18 3 37 shower 
23 32 5 41 shower 


AM 


D C 


PM 


3 


ScoUand 


The 

ssass.% 


both Daily and 


"wteS] 


Glasgow 041 II 

Tnuisuy- 11 December. . lw.. 
' as a newspeser at the Port 


Partnwu 



ROUGH 



v>rc^, 
4V * 

4 4 9 444 



ROUGH 


$ ROUGh 1 


C LK3HT1NG-UP TIME } 

Loataa 432 pm to 737 am 
Bristol 432 pm to 7.36 am 

■ 409 pm to 204 am 
er 419 pm to 7.48 am 
1 450 pm to 7.42 am 


^rtee* Sunsets: 
758 am 252 pm 


Our address 


WL A Woonsets Moon rises 

l YESTERDAY 't 




El 



C F 

C 745 Guernsey 
s 541 tavemass 
s 439 Jersey 

S 745 Lnwign 
J 745 tabchster 
T 439 


C F 
f 948 
1 541 
S 948 
S 745 
1 A 39 
S 439 


1 541 fTnJdsway C 846 


C 


noon today 





TODAY: 


c. douh d. drizzle; f , lata; Ig. fog: r, ratal; s, sun; an, snow; t thunder. 


NEWSPAPERS LIMITED. 

Prtntefl by London Poet (Print- 
ers! Until ed «_l vuetma 
London El 9XN ana by 



C F C F 

18 61 Cologne e 6 43 HHoica r 
IS 64 Sptoyi f 7 45 UdiKa t 

19 66 Corfn s 16 61 Wn 1 
14 57 DufrOR ( 8 48 MWm f 

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1? 5° 5” s 14 57 Moor 1 
21 TO fT o reeca s 13 55 Minn < 

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2 36S& Si23» H 

13 65 taSn* . S 41 N York* ? 
11 52 Istanbul f 9 48 Mce e 
9 48 Jeddah s 27 81 So f 

7 45 i S V, ^ *9 



8 25 77 

1 20 GB Perth 
8 9 46 Prague c 

HIE*? • 

3 37 mo da J a 
6 


’denotes Tuesday’s 6guw> are West 


C F 

13 55 Rome 

15 59 Sobbing 

27 81 Santeyift- 
19 66 

28 82 Seoul 

745 38SS, 

-5 23 Strasb’rq 

i*S®^ 

16 61 t3«S 

13 55 Toramo* 

6 43 vSencia 

21 TO Esr 
-1 30 Vlecma 
3 37 Warsaw 

17 63 W Stftan* 
a 77 

82 72 Zurich 
avaiiaUe 


c 

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c 21 
s 7 
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SPORT 39 
TELEVISION AND RADIO 43 


THURSDAY DECEMBER 11 1986 


OQ*SV». ' 
bis*'/:: 

.arvifc. 

jr»i£L- 

d**v- 

erwr-:: 

1<*45 . 
Tier : 


?■*#* 

aSE 

J. ; -Utrw 


" -JiTr 


'orii-v 


' * 


Bargains 

31309 (35432) 

USM (Datastream) 

129.17 (-0.12) 

THE POUND 

US Dollar 

1.4250 (+0.0035) 

W German mark 

2.8628 (-0.0072) 

Trade-weighted 

66-2 (-0.1) 

Reject BTR 
bid, says 
Pilkuigton 

Pilkingion Brothers, the 
world’s biggesi glassmaker, 
has strongly advised 
shareholders to reject the £1.2 
billion takeover bid from 
industrial conglomerate BTR. 

Mr Antony Pilkington, the 
chairman, said in the formal 
defence document: ‘in 20 
years. Pilkingion has moved 
from fourth position in the 
world to undisputed leader. 1 
would regard it as grossly 
inadequate if the very 
substantial benefits which are 
resulting from our successful 
strategy were to flow to BTR 
shareholders rather than to the 
shareholders of Pilkingion." 

Thorn ahead 

Thom EMI. the electricals, 
entertainment and microchip 
group, made pretax profits of 
£41.5 million in the half year 
to September 30 against £1 1.4 
million in ihecorresponding 
period on turnover 3 per cent 
lower at £1.49 billion. The 
dividend is unchanged at 5p. 

Tempos, page 29 


Gloom clears 
at Guinness 


Ni0t Rogers 


Guinness, the brewing and 
spirits group, yesterday deliv- 
ered the first substantial trail- 
ing report since its £2.7 billion 
takeover of whisky giant 
Distillers in the Spring. The 
City judged It as largely 
satisfactory and a welcome 
relief from the gloom 
surrounding Guinness since 
the Department of Trade and 
Industry began an investiga- 
tion, 10 days ago, into share 
dealings during the bid. 

The news was complex due 
to the initial contribution 
from Distillers and an 
impending change of year end. 
But at £241 million, profits 
before lax for the year to 
September 30, were £5 to £10 
million better than most 
: expectations. The figure repre- 
sented a rise of 180 per cent 

For shareholders, the divi- 
dend message was clear. A 
second interim payment of 
5.86p is being made because of 
the change of year end and 
that amounts to a rise of 13 
percent 

News from the original 
Guinness companies was well 
up to expectations. During the 
acrimonious battle for control 


By John BeD, Gty Editor 
of Distillers, Mr Ernest 
Saunders, the chief executive 
of Guinness — now chairman 
- forecast profits of £130 
million, a figure exceeded with 
£2 million to spare. 

Analysts were impressed by 
the performance in the light of 
the fourfold devaluation of the 
currency in Nigeria, an im- 
portant overseas market for 
Guinness. 

Comment 27 

Excluding acquisiitons 
made this year and last, the 
"old" Guinness companies 
achieved a 16 per cent 
improvement in profits. Brew- 
ing volume grew by 7 per cent, 
which industry sources 
considered to be a favourable 
result for a group whose major 
product was considered ex- 
growth a few years ago. 

The group’s retailing in- 
terests also performed 
strongly making an important 
contribution to the £27 
million profits — more than 
double — from what Guinness 
describes as its “development 
sector." 

The Bells whisky opera- 


tions, bought before Guinness 
moved in on Distillers, has at 
last halted the decline of its 
market share 

News from Distillers itself 
was mixed, with the key US 
market showing a severe 
downturn over the past six 
months. 

This followed an important 
period of stocking up ahead of 
the increase in Federal Excise 
Tax last year and a stocking up 
of Distillers' distribution 
chain at the tail-end of the 
takeover battle. 

There is some evidence that 
the decline is being halted but 
trading is being affected by a 
discount war and generally 
tougher competition. Over the 
past months. Distillers brands 
appear to have improved their 
market share. 

Yet total Distillers profits 
were £134 million in the five 
months and a half of 
consolidation against £124 
million for the previous six 
months. 

The takeover of Distillers 
boosted group debt by neatly 
£700 million but disposals 
have already raised £200 mil- 
lion. 



Nationwide and 
Anglia in 
record merger 


By Peter Gartland 


Guinness chairman Ernest Saunders: a toast to the future 


The Nationwide and Anglia 
building societies are to 
merge. 

The Nationwide is the third 
biggest and the Anglia the 
seventh, and the merger — to 
form the Nationwide Anglia — 
will be the biggest in building 
society history. 

The new society will re- 
main third in size — behind 
the Halifax and Abbey Na- 
tional However, it will be- 
come what Mr Leonard 
Williams, chairman of 
Nationwide, calls a ’’mega- 
society” with estimated assets 
of more than £18 billion. 

The Nationwide has nearly 

3.5 million savers and the 
Anglia just over 2 million. The 
Nationwide Anglia will have 

5.5 million savers and 850,000 
mortgage borrowers. Mr Tim 
MelviUe-Ross, chief general 
manager of the Nationwide, 
will be chief executive. 

The merger resolution is 
subject to the approval of 
members of both societies. If 
approved, the merger will 
come into effect on September 
1, 1987. 

The Nationwide and the 
Anglia have been at the fore- 
front of diversification plans 
ahead of implementation of 
the Building Societies Act on 
January 1. The new legislation 


Statement Court thwarts 

on Corner „ , , 

charges HaiiSOITS plait 



Brewers’ chief 

Mr Anthony Fuller, above, 
chairman and managing direc- 
tor of Fuller, Smith & Turner, 
the family-run London brewer, 
has been elected chairman of 
the Brewers' Society. The new 
rice-chairman is Mr AKck 
Rankin, group chief executive 
of Scottish & Newcastle 

McCarthy up 

Shares in McCarthy & 
Stone, market leader in shel- 
tered housing, soared by 23 
r cent after results that were i 




profits for the year to August 
31 rose from £9.6 million to 
£16.1 milli on on turnover 77 
per cent higher at £67.2 mil- 
lion. A final dividend of 2.5 Ip 
was declared, making a total 
adjusted for the rights issue m 
May — of 3.3 Ip. 

Tempos, page 29 

Exxon deal 

Exxon Corpn is to receive 
$246 million (£172.3) or 34 
cents a share from the sale of 
the Exxon office budding t 
Mitsui Fudosan (NYJ, 


Wall Street 26 
Co News 26 
Comment 27 
Economic 
View 27 

Stock Market 27 
Moa.*y Mrfcts 29 
Foreign Excb 29 


Mr John Holmes, a director 
of Morgan Grenfell Securities, 
made a formal statement yes- 
terday in connection with 
allegations that Mr Geoffrey 
Collier used his telephone to 
make calls leading to alleged 
insider dealing often ces. 

Mr Michael CasseLL an 
employee in the United States 
of Vickers da Costa, the 
broker, is named in the 
charges against Mr Collier as 
the recipient of .inside 
information from Mr Collier 
in a case to be heard at 
Wimbledon Magistrates’ 
Court 

Mr Holmes, in his state- 
ment agreed in consultation 
with the solicitors. Slaughter 
& May. said: “I have made a 
full statement to the relevant 
authorities and as I am a 
potential witness in the Collier 
case it would be inappropriate 
for me to make any further 
comment" 


By Lawrence Lever 


Hanson Trust's controver- 
sial plan to take an estimated 
£80 million surplus in the 
Courage pension funds was 
thwarted by the High Court 
yesterday. , 

The decison means the 
three Courage pension funds 
will remain intact under the 
control of Elders DCL, the 
Australian lager company 
which bought Courage from 
Hanson for£l .4 billion. More- 
over, Elders will now have to 
pay an extra £50 million — 
representing the value of the 
surplus after tax — to Hanson. 

Mr Justice Millett's ruling 
makes it harder for companies 
to close off their pension funds 
as a defensive tactic against a 
potential predator. 

The High Court proceed- 
ings were taken by the 
committee of management of 
the three Courage pension 


funds. They were seeking a 
declaration on whether they 
could sign documents which 
would lead to Hanson retain- 
ing the surplus and the liabil- 
ity to pay the existing and 
deferred pensioners. 

The management commit- 
tee asked also if it could re- 
open the three pension funds 
to new members. The Im- 
perial Group had dosed lhe 
funds as a defensive tactic 
against Hanson Trust 
The judge said the manage- 
ment committee could not 
sign the documents. The effect 
of this is that the funds stay 
with Courage. He also ruled 
that the management commit- 
tee could re-open the funds to 
new -members. This means 
that Imperial’s plans to block 
the funds to Hanson employ- 
ees would not automatically 
have worked. 


Homby steams for USM 


Traded Opts 29 
Tenpas 29 

Coramertial 
Property 30 

Share Prices 31 
Unit Tresis 32 
Ommodides 32 
USM Prices 32 


By Carol Ferguson 

Hornby Group, best known 
for Hornby model railways 
and Scale xfiric slot car racing, 
is coming to the unlisted 
securities market with a price 
tag of £8 million. 

The USM debut is (along 
place amid Hornby'S busiest 
period and the pram whose 
chairman is Mr Jack 
Strowger, is forecasting pretax 
profits for the year to Decem- 
ber 31 of at least £1 million 
before interest on the buy-out 
finance. 

The first Hornby model 
train was developed in 15120 by 
Meccano, the company 
founded by Frank Hornby to 
make construction toys. 

In 1964, Meccano was 
bought by its main competitor, 
Rovex, which also owned 
Scakxtric and Tri-ang. Rovex 
merged Hornby trams with its 
own Tri-ang Railways to cre- 
ate the Tri-ang Hornby range 
of model trains. 

In 1982, the first year after 
the buyout, Hornby made a 
pretax loss of £1.2 Bullion 
before interest on the bay-out 


SmBx&O* iy-rZfa&P. 






Toying with success: Strowger and Thomas the Tank Engine 

finance. Since then, cost-cut- group’s enlarged share capital 
ting, and the introduction of ^ 100p a share. 


new products such as Thomas 
the Tank Engine have enabled 
profits to grow steadily. 

The stockbrokers Alexan- 
ders Laing and Craihshank 
are placing 4.9 mflliou shares, 
equivalent to 61 per cent of the 


At the plating price, the 
shares are on a multiple of 
11.4 times forecast earnings, 
and offer a gross yield of 4.5 
percent 

Dealings are expected to 
start next Thursday. 


Trafalgar 
buys 
Broseley 
for £74m 

By Judith Huntley 

Commercial Property 
Correspondent 

Trafalgar House, the prop- 
erty, construction and ship- 
building company, is to buy 
Broseley Estates and Fred- 
erick Powell & Sons, the 
housebuilders, from Guardian 
Royal Exchange for £74 
million'. 

Trafalgar House is to pay 
for the acquisitions, which it 
says will boost its 
housebuilding capacity by 50 
percent to 6,000 homes a year, 
through a placing of 30.28 
million shares at 245p a share. 
Klein wort Benson, the mer- 
chant bank, has agreed to buy 
all Trafalgar House shares at 
this price. 

The deal comes hard on the 
heels of Trafalgar's year-end 
results. These showed pretax 
profits of £145.8 million with 
an extraordinary write-off of 
£56.8 million on the value of 
its oil and gas investments. 

Trafalgar says the purchase ! 
will not result in a dilution of 
earnings. 

Brose ley’s profits are es- 
timated at £9 million for 1986. 
This is before an interest 
charge of £4 million on inter- 
company debt which will be 
capitalized before the ac- 
quisition, offsetting the 7 per 
cent increase in Traflagar’s 
share capital. 

The purchase also brings 
Trafalgar handy tax losses and 
a land bank of 7,000 homes. 
Most of these are situated in 
the south of England. 

Trafalgar's housebuilding 
subsidiary. Ideal Homes, into 
which Broseley will be inte- 
grated, was one of the 
company's most profitable 
activities. 

Guardian Royal Exchange, 
the insurance broker, says it is 
selling its housebuilding op- 
eration because it does not fit 
into its long-term strategy. 
The money raised from the 
sale will be used to develop 
GRITs normal insurance and 
investment activities. 


Relief at Mercury 
as Steinberg sells 

By Our Banking Correspondent 


Mr Saul Steinberg, the New 
York businessman, yesterday 
sold his controversial bolding 
in Mercury International, the 
merchant hanking and securi- 
ties conglomerate, to the pen- 
sion fund of the Canadian 
National Railways. The deal is 
worth £100 milli on and gives 
Mr Steinberg a profit of £30 
million. 

There was “pleasurable 
relief” at Mercury that the 
troublesome shareholding had 
at last changed hands but 
expats were astonished at the 
high price paid by CNR. 

The 15 per cent stake 
changed hands for 455p a 
share, 50p above market price. 
Immediately after the 
announcement of the sale. 
Mercury's shares tumbled 30p 
to 374p as expectations of a 
bid from Mr Steinberg 
evaporated. 

One stockbroker said: “We 
estimate Mercury's full di- 
luted earnings at the year end 
wifl be 30p a share, which 
means the shares have been 
bought on a multiple of 15 
times." Most financial 
conglomerates trade on mul- 
tiples of up to 8.5 times 
earnings. 

Mr David Scboiey, the 
chairman of Mercury, said 
that the purchase had taken 


him by surprise. “CNR is a 
sound long-term investor and 
we will be meeting them in the 
next few days." He added: 
“CNR will have noted the 
exchanges between Mr 
Steinberg and myself and wfll 
know the kind of relationship 
we wish to maintain with our 
shareholders.’' 

The deal was put together 
by Mr Barry McFadzean, who 
used to work for SG Warburg 
— the merchant banking arm 
of Mercury —and now runs his 
own company, Corporate Ad- 
visory Service. Mr 
McFadzean approached CNR 
and suggested that Mr 
Steinberg might be willing to 
sell his stake. 

There was considerable re- 
lief also at Hoare Govett, Mr 
Sternberg's main London 
stockbroker. Mr Richard 
Westmacott, a joint senior 
partner, had first Interested 
Mr Steinberg in Mercury but 
was embarrassed by the size of 
the stake his client buRt up. 

Mr Sttingbeig's Reliance 
Insurance first storied buying 
Mercury shares last year, 
despite strong opposition from 
Mercury's board. In October 
he increased his stoke to 15 
per cent, tearing up an agree- 
ment with the company not to 
go above 10 per cent 


allows societies to engage m a 
much wider range of 
activities. 

Both societies will continue 
to develop their diversifica- 
tion plans separately with the 
intention that the full range of 
services will be offered by the 
merged society. 

The branch structure of the 
two societies win remain 
largely intact. The Nationwide 
has 528 branches and the 
Anglia 400. The Nationwide is 
strongest in the south of 
England while the Anglia has a 
major presence in East Anglia 
and the East Midlands. Nei- 
ther society has a big 
representation in the north of 
England. 

If the merger goes ahead a 
maximum of 50 of the com- 
bined total of 928 branch 
offices will be closed to the 
public. Many of thedosed 
offices will be used for admin- 
istration. Both societies have 
promised that there will be no 
compulsory redundancies. 

There should be some good 
news for the 304,000 Anglia 
borrowers. At 12.375 percent 
the Anglia's mortgage rate for 
both repayment and endow- 
ment mortgages is one-eighth 
of one per ceniage point higher 
than that of the Nationwide. 


Beecham’s 
sell-offs to 
net £300m 

By Alison Eadie 

Beecham. the pharmaceuti- 
cals and household products 
group, is selling its British, 
French and German home 
improvement products busi- 
nesses to Henkel of West 
Germany for £42 million in 
cash. The sale includes 
Unibond-Copydex in Britain, 
but not UHU adhesives. 

' Beecham hopes to sell the 
US home improvement busi- 
ness by the end of this 
financial year for about £120 
million. The management 
buyout option for the home 
improvement businesses did 
not materialize because 
Henkel offered more money, a 
Beecham spokesman said. 

The sale of Germaine 
Monteil. Beecham’s US 
cosmetics subsidiary, should 
be finalized by the end of the 
month. The disposals will net 
Beecham more than £300 
million. The company is look- 
ing for a big acquisition in its 
core areas of pharmaceuticals 
and over-the-counter 
medicines. 

• BAT Industries' German 
subsidiary, BATIG, also an- 
nounced yesterday that agree- 
ment bad been reached to sell 
its home improvement di- 
vision to Swedish Match for 
about £100 million. 



CHARLES CHURCH 



STOCK MARKETS 


KSE£ S - 1& 21 12f+ 4 -22)’ 

SwSiDow 18776.18 (+173.18) 

Hong Kong: 0 eg i + p pi) 

Hang Seng z 

Amsterdam: Gen ...... 284.5 -1 . J) 

Sydney: AO 1430.8 (-9-5J 

Commwzbank *,7(-1.9) 

gS**! 31 4129.6 (-2.43) 

Sef= 

Zurich: SKA Gen ...- 563.30 (same) 
Closing pric es Page 31 

INTEREST RATES 

London: Bank Base: 1 1% 

3-montfi interbank 11 ‘um 

glmonth eligible bBsrlO^w- rf* 

Bras* •*!% 


MAIN PRICE CHANGES 



City insiders rate BZW as the firm to succeed 


Life after Big Bang 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 



Barclays de Zoete Wedd, 
the securities house offshoot 
of Barclays Bank, is rated as 
the financial conglomerate 
most likely to succeed in the 
post-Big Bang world., accord- 
ing to a survey of 100 City 
insiders published yesterday. 

BZW chalked up 50 per cent 
. more marks than its closest 
| rival. Mercury International. 
Both companies were well 
ahead of Merrill Lynch and 
Normura, which took third 
and fourth place in the list of 
companies expected to be 
most successful. 

Among the British com- 
panies, KJeinwort Benson was 
sixth and National West- 
minster eighth. Companies 
which had chosen either a low- 
key approach to Big Bang or 
had aimed to be “niche’' 
players, scored lowest 
NORTH SEA OIL The report, undertaken 
„ three weeks after Big Bang, 

’ surveyed senior bunkers. 


stockbrokers and fond man- 
agers. It was conducted by 
Business Opinion, a subsid- 
iary of Charles Baiter City, 
the public relations company. 

Most respondents felt more 
competition from foreign 
companies would help to 
make London a more inter- 
national financial centre. Mer- 
rill Lynch was seen as the most 
active among foreign com- 
petition, followed by Citicorp. 
Goldman Sachs and Salomon 
Brothers. 


Only 12 per cent of respon- 
dents thought City conglom- 
erates had adequate capital 
backing. Most thought the 
quality of the people working 
for financial conglomerates 
was more important than the 
size of capital. 

The survey revealed a 
surprising ignorance about the 
new regulatory structure. 
Most people thought the ab- 
sence of direct government 
involvement in City regula- 
tion was desirable. 


GOLD 


IC Gas bid is referred 


Barclay Brothers’ bid for IC 

Gas, foe Odor Gas group, has 

been referred to the Monopo- 
lies Commission. The twins, 
who made the bid through 
Gulf Resources, said it would 
sow lapse. 

Mr Paul Chan non, the In- 
dustry Secretary, referred the 


bid on foe recommendation of 
the Office of Fair Trading, He 
considered the financing pro- 
posals and their possible im- 
plication for Cstior Gas users 
raised issues needing in- 
vestigation. IC Gas welcomed 
foe referral, saying the offer 
raised “serious public interest 
questions**. 



4,000 Quality Homes of Character 

IN BERKSHIRE • BUCKINGHAMSHIRE 
HAMPSHIRE ■ OXFORDSHIRE 
SURREY AND SUSSEX 

TELEPHONE C027EI SB1GG1 












- 

. . , v- 

_ 26 

BUSINESS AND FINANCE 




£150m put 
into science 
parks 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

There are now 28 fully 
operational science paries, an 
increase of a third since 1985, 
and a further seven are under 
construction, according to a 

survey by Pbat Marwick, the 

consultant 

Total investment is more 
than £150 million, with £92 
million in completed 
£47 million estimated for 
expansion and £14 million , 
ea r mar ke d for paries under 
construction. 

Universities account for 19 
per cent of spending at nine 
parks. Local authorities and 
Government development 
agencies have also been key 
sources of capital. 

In the past year 12 financial 
failures were reported among 
science park enterprises — 
equivalent to 2.9 per cent of 
the total 

Two-thirds of park com- 
panies were less titan three 
years okl and the average 
number of employees was 7.2. 
Science paries accounted for a 
total of 5311 jobs, a 53 per 
cent increase in the year. More 
than 2300 jobs were in the 
science parks associated with 
the universities of Cambridge 
and Heriot Watt, the two 
pioneers of such parks. 

The strong bias in science 

industry is underlined by the 
survey. A third of the com-' 
parties were in computing and 
a fifth in the electrical sector. 


Manufacturing industry is 
losing its way, says report 


By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 


Britain's manufacturing in- 
dustry is losing its way by 
concentrating too much on 
lowcost production at the 
expense of developing new, 
better products and adopting 

the latest manufacturing tech- 
nologies, according to a re- 
port* out yesterday. 

The study, produced by the 
British Institute of Manage- 
ment with the British Produc- 
tion and Inventory Control 
Society and Cranfield School 
of Management, looked at 
manufacturing performance 
10 years after a similar survey 
made by Cranfiekfs Professor 
Colin New, who led the latest 
investigation. 

The overwhelming conclu- 
sion from the latest survey is 
that, despite some improve- 
ments, “very little has 
happened” in British manu- 
facturing over the last 10 
years. Rather than castigating 
operating managers, it sug- 
gests the analysis presents the 
whole wunapMtiwrt tewn of 
companies with serious issues. 


It highlights the dispropor- 
tionate attention by manage- 
ments to direct labour costs. 
For the average company, a 10 
per cent saving on foe cost of 
bongbt-in goods would reduce 
total costs by 5.1 per cent 
while a similar labour cost 
reduction would cut factory 
costs by only 1.8 per cent. 

The report adds: "UK 
plants are still obsessed with 
low-cost production, consis- 
tently ranking it above the 
ability to produce high-perfor- 
mance products.” 

The survey’s catalogue of 
problems includes: 

• No significant improve- 
ment in delivery performance; 

• A “frightening” lack of 
concern about new technol- 
ogy. More than three quarters 
of plants using robots reported 
poor returns. 

• Less titan half the 240 
manufacturers surveyed in- 
tended potting even a thirty 
high emphasis on computer- 
aided desig n and manufac- 
turing (CAD/CAM) 


technologies. But almost . 70 
per cent of the manufacturers 
reported an increase in invest- 
ment in new technology. 

• The effective use of lead 
times for improving process- 
ing has hardly changed; 

• British manufacturers did 
not seem to worry about 
falling behind in process 
technology. 

But an encouraging finding 
was that, unlike 10 years ago, 
companies which monitored* 
delivery performance were 
consistently outperforming 
those that did not. 

The report pinpoints the 
problem of over-committed 
factory capacity being caused 
mostly an assumption that 
current productivity , perfor- 
mance can be significantly 
improved short-term - when 
that was hardly ever likely. 

Profes so r New yesterday 
offered his own list of 
prescriptive measures; 

• Manufacturers should -con- 
centrate on what they could do 
really well; 


• More emphasis on znanu- 
fe ctom g engine er^ wit h 

turing designers; 

• Three-year payback on 
investment, commonly ex- 
pected in Britain, is unrealistic 
where advanced technologies 
are involved; 

• City institutions should 
give long-term commitments 
to manufacturing industry, . 
possibly with legislation : 
ensuring some equity funding, 
asm West Germany where the 
banks play that role, to d ilut e 
foe present loan fending 
Professor New said: “The 
current attitude in the Gty is 
rather litre gambling on rou- 
lette on the Titanic as the ship 
is sinking.” 

"Managing Manufacturing 
Operations in the UK 1975- 


1985: by Professor Colin New 
and Mr Andrew Myers, re- 
search assistant, Cranfield 
School of Management; £20t 
from KJones, Management 
House, Cottingham Road, 
Corby, Northants NN17 ITT. 


£43m buy expands Inchcape’s insurance arm 


By Alison Eadie 

Incbcape, the international 
trading group, is expanding its 
insurance operations by ac- 
quiring Clarkson Puckle from 
Dalgety for £43.1 millimi. 

Insurance is one of 
Tnchcape's core businesses 


through subsidiary Bain 
Dawes, an insurance broker 
operating in five continents 
placing annual p remiums of 

£600 million. 

Clarkson’s pretax profits in 
the 1 8 months to June 30 were 
£2.9 million and will be not 
less than £43 million, adjust- 


ed for non-recurring items, in 
foe year ending December 31. 

Inches pe has not finaffawd 
foe method of financing foe 

deal 

Mr Simon Arnold, chief 
executive of Bain Dawes, said 
the acquisition would enhance 
the company’s objectives of 


expanding its worldwide oper- 
ations. . 

Mr Anthony Howland Jack- 
son, chief executive of 
Clarkson Pudde, welcomed 
the opportunity to become 
part of “an aggressive and 
forward-looking firm of 
Lloyd’s brokers.” 


Sketchley 
pays £20m 
for Equipu 

By Lawrence Leva* 

Sketchley, foe dry cleaning 
to workwear group, is buying 
JEquipu, foe office equipment 
company, for £20.7 mitfio n. 

The agreed offer is sup- 
ported by foe Equipu board. 
Holders of more than so per 
cent ofthe Equipu shares have 
undertaken to accept 

Sketchley is offering one 
new Sketchley share phis lOOp 
in cash or loan notes for every 
two Equipu shares. With 
Sketddey’s shares closing at 
444p. yesterday, this . values 
each Equipu share at 272p. 

In July Equipu announced a 
12 per cent decline in full year 
pretax profits. The shares bad 
fallen 70p to 140p in anticipa- 
tion of the results. ‘ 

Sketchley said yesterday 
that the acquisition of Eguipu 
was in line with its policy of 
acquiring businesses in service 
industries with higher levels of 
sustainable growth. 

The company recently 
bought Breakmate, which sup- 
plies and services drink vend- 
ing machine^ and CCM, 
which supplies workwear. 

Correction 

Vaux Group has rational- 
ized production on foe Vaux 
Brewery in Sunderland and on 
the Ward brewery in Sheffield. 
It has not dosed these brew- 
eries, as reported yesterday. 


WALL STREET 

m 


Investors 
market leadership 


New York (Renter) — Wall 
Street shares were slightly 
higher in early trading. Vol- 
atile was relatively tight as 
investors continued their 
search for market leadership. 

They awaited today’s report 
on reteS sales and money 
supply for a due about the 
next move in Federal Reserve 
monetary policy. 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average rose 4 points to 1920. 
Advances led declines 54 on a 
volume of 17 million shares. 

The transportation average 
was up 0.95 and 842.43 while 


utilities, at 211.65 wasupOJi. 
Stocks moved up 2.13 to 
75532. 

The Sfandoid & Pew’s 100 
index was up 1.15 to 238.07 
and foe S & P composite was 
250.45, ap 1.17. 

Commanity Psychiatric led 
the active with a drop of 1 
point to 29li Batter Lab- 
oratories rose 'A to 207* 
IBM % to 127% and Time V* 
to 71*. 

Colbro, which announced a 
special distribution to .holders, 
rose V/i to 53^4, 



Dec 

9 

E 

AMR 

55% 

5614 

ASA 


38* 

ASadSgrad 

AflndStrs 

42* 

42* 

87* 

«7* 

AflteCWmre 

P% 

?* 

Alcoa 

34% 

34% 

Antaxinc 

IPS 

17* 

Am'rdaHs 

22* 

22* 

AnrBrands 

44% 

44* 

Aid Can 

m* 

89* 

Am Cran'd 
AmEIPwr 

82* 

29* 

82* 

29* 

Ara Express 

60- 

60* 

Am Home 

80 

80% 


3* 

3 

AmSfiwl 

43* 

43* 

AmTetoph 

27* 

27* 

Amoco 

6314 

64* 

Aimco Steel 

s* 

fS* 

Asarco 

14* 

14* 

MMMOr 

57* 

57* 

AtncMtoU 

57* 

58* 


GUINNESS PLC 
1986 RESULTS 


interim statemen 




1986 


□ Turnover up 96% to £2,3 25m. 


□ Profit before tax and earnings per stock unit 
up for the fifth successive year 

□ Profit before tax up 180% to £241m. 

□ Earnings per stock unit up 13% to 28.5p. 

□ Dividend up 13%. 

“The excellent results we have reported today 
flow directly from the commitment and effort 
of all the management, staff and employees 
throughout the Guinness Group. 

We are taking the necessary steps to realise 
fully the enormous potential of our unrivalled 
portfolio of world dass brands’! 

Ernest W Saunders 
Chairman. December 10th 1986 



!,%M3|«UiaO0l 


GUINNESS PLC 


Avon Prods 

BfcrsTstNY 
Bankamer 
BKcf Sston 
Bank ot NY 


Bse 

Brt»n 
Bg Warner 
BrntMyets 
BP 

BurtionM 
BwTtonNm 
Bnnwtck 
CnpMBSp 
Can Pacific 

CeserpSer 

OWnm 
Central SW 
Cfwnnon 
Chase U*n 
ChmBkNY 
Chewon 
0*y»tar ’ - 




Ctartc 
Coes Com 
C olgate 
CSS 

C-knbfeQas 
CmfctnEna 
ComwtftiE 
ConsEcfts 
Cn Nat Gas 
Cons Power 


Crane 
Coins Wrt 
DataQenL 


H 


•Digital Eq 

Dresser M 
Duke Power 
DuPont 
Eson Kodak 
Eaton Coro 
Emerson S 
Emery Air 
ExxonCorp 
•Fed Dpt 3a 



COMPANY NEWS 


• ASSOCIATED PAPER IN- 
DUSTRIES: Huai dividend of 
4.8p (4p) made 7p (6p) for the 
year to September 27. It is 
payable on February 1 1. Turn- 
over in £000 was 71.218 
(54331 ). gross profit was 16345 
(11.088), profit before tax was 
5347 (4.615). tax was K045 
(904) and earnings per share, on . 
a nil distribution basis, were 
17.9p(17.5p). 

• SAMUELSON GROUP: 
Figures in £000 for the six 
months to September 30. Divi- 
dend was 0.8p (0.8 p), payable 
April 6. Turnover was 24*578 
(J'7,609). pretax profit was 1354 
(2,499) and e a rn in gs per share 
were 43lp (7.93p). 

• MORCEAU HOLDINGS: 
Figures in £000 for year to 
September 30. Dividend was 
2u5p, making 4p (3.7p). Turn- 
over was 16,055 (13.127), profit 
on ordinary activities before lax 
was 1352 (3,070), tax was 257 
(733) and earnings per share 
were 16-5p (22.8pL 

• HAVELOCK EUROP A: Fig- 
ures in £000 for half year to 
October 17. Dividend was 2p 
(1.12pL turnover was 14,693 
(5,509). profit before tax was 
1324 (422), tax was 483 (175) 
and e a rnin gs per share ^re 
7.01p (4.12pL The company is 
well poised to compete for, and 
benefit from, the large contracts 
being, awarded . by national 
stores groups. 

• THE DERJTEND STAMP- 
ING: Results for the six mouths 
to August 31 in £000. Dividend 
was 2.7p (2.4p), turnover was 
21353 (19,966), pretax profit 

was 905 (704), tax was 404 (260) 

and earumgsper share were 9.5p 
(8.42p). 

• BTPs Figures in £000 for six 
months to September 3a Divi- 
dend was 2p (Up), turnover 
was 29,736 (19,619), profit be- 
fore tax was 2,735 (1,909). tax 
was 955 (726) and earnings per ' 

Share were 4.48p (339p). 


• MICRO SCOPE: Dividend 
was lp (Ip), making l.53p for 
the year to October jl. .Figures 


the year to October 31. higures 
in ■ £000. Turnover was 4,896 
(3373). pretax profit was 941 
(1,079), tax was 301 (297) and 
earnings per share were 6.0p 
(8_.0pX 

• AIRSPRUNG GROUPS Fig- 
ures in £000 for the six months 
to September 30. Dividend was 
2.9p (2.6Sp), .'turnover was 
1 2,063 (1 1 ,607), operating profit 
was 899 (827), profit before tax 
was 871 (748), tax was 320 (285) 
and earnings per. share were 9.1 p 
(8. Ip). The second half has 
st arted satisfactorily. ' 

• TEX HOLDINGS: Figures in 
£000 for the six months to 
September 3a Dividend was 
l-5p (l^p), turnover for on- 
going activities was -1,901 
(1.473), while turnover for dis- 
continued activities was < 1 ,107). 
Profit before tax was 141 (203), 
tax was 49 (80), profit after tax 
was 92 (123) and earnings per 
share were 3.8p (5.5pL 

• CELESTION IN- 

DUSTRIES: Half -year figures 
to October 4 in £000. Turnover 
was 21,199 (18342), pretax loss 
was 25 ( 1 40), loss per share was 
O.Jp (0.7p). The group is on 
target to exceed last -year’s 
results. . 

• ALBION: Dividend was lp, 
malting 1.8p (I.3p) for the year 
to September 3a Figures in £s. 
Turnover was -7,179,621 
(6,148,110), pretax profit was 
467,024 (281,921). tax was 
92359 (20,892) and earnings per 
share were 10.0p(7.0p}. 

• ALEXANDER RUSSELL: 
Dividend for six months to 
September 30 was 0-54p (0.47p). 
Turnover was I6J)11 (15,249), 
profit after tax was 1,174 (559) 
and earnings per share were 
4-32p(2.7p). 

• WMD: The transfer of 
Lloyd's syndicate 540/542 from 
WMD to AUA3 is only for the 
1983 year ofaccotmL It does not 
cover later years. 


1986 RESULTS 




MAW DEALERS FOR VAUXHALL-OPEL. BEDFORD AND FORD 
VEHICLE LEASING AND RENTAL 


1983 

1984 


1986 


- 1.50 - 

3.00 

4.00 
4.50 


h hrs statement to shareholders the Chairman, 
w Alan Jessup, sad: 

"A progressive year of trading ...With turnover 
increasing by £16 million to £71 million. . .. 

[anticipate continuing progress in 1987.. .We are 
seeking ... other businesses within our sector which meet 
our criteria for further profitable growth." 



















>te. 








■.i'W 


r -i j. ‘ ^ 

3\k- !“ I 
’ ;• > 


(ECONOMIC VIEW) 





f? 






to change treatment 
state sell-off proceeds 


By Rodney Lord, Economics Editor 


Ii is now conventional wis- 
dom among financial and 
political wiseacres thai the 
Government is bent on elec- 
toral reflation. Spending is to 
be allowed to run out or 
control, taxes will be cut and 
borrowing will be increased to 
keep money flowing into 
voters’ pockets. The polling 
booths will scarcely have 
closed before this merry 
progress is brought to an 
abrupt halt by a new squeeze. ■ 

The markets are prepared to 
tolerate this because they 
think it will produce a Conser- 
vative victory which, over 
time, will lead to more pru- 
dent fiscal policies than any 
likely alternative government 
Yet the evidence for this 
coruscating political strategy 
is remarkably thin. 

An increase in the planned 
total of public spending was 
staring ministers in the face 
right from the start of this 
year’s survey. No doubt there 
were some savings which in 
other years might have been 
made that were judged too 
difficult politically with an 
election on the horizon, but by 
far the biggest element in the 
increase was the rise in pro- 
vision for local authority 
spending. Over that the 
Government has no direct 
control at all. The truth seems 
to be rather that when min- 
isters saw the tide coming in, 
they chose to take credit for a 
higher level of water at die 
Jock gates. 

As for the Government 
borrowing its way to an elec- 
tion victory, the Chancellor, 
Mr Nigel Lawson, has chosen 
— uniquely in recent times and 


against the advice of some of 
his officials — to tie his bands. 
Next year's Budget judge- 
ment, he has promised, will 
not allow the public sector 
borrowing requirement to ex- 
ceed 1% percent of GDP — as 
outlined in the existing me- 
dium-term financial strategy. 
In other words, there will be 
no reflation. 

Why then do the markets 
insist on believing that there 
will be? Pan of the answer is 
simply scepticism. But the 
Government has made mat- 
ters more difficult for itself by 
a lack of clarity in its budget- 
ary policy. 

Another piece of con- 
ventional wisdom is that the 
Government has been financ- 
ing current spending by ‘'sell- 
ing off the family silver." In 
fact if we count privatization 
proceeds as simply another 
way of financing the Govern- 
ment's deficit and add them to 
the PSBR, then we find that 
borrowing and privatization 
proceeds together are still at 
much the same level as a 
proportion of the economy as 
they were in 1982-83 (see 
chart). The Government has 
not been pawning the heir- 
looms to go on a spree. Nor 
has it, on this measure, been 
progressively tightening fiscal 
policy. 

There are, of course, other 
factors to take into account in 
determining whether fiscal 
policy is tight or loose, but 
they do not suggest fiscal 
laxity. During the build-up of 
revenues from die North Sea 
it was appropriate to reduce 
the level of borrowing. This 
was what happened in the 


PSBR AND 
_ PRIVATISATION 
^ PROCEEDS 

Percent of GDP 



1251 

GENERAL 

GOVERNMENT 

FINANCIAL 

BALANCE 

Per cent of 
GDP/GNP 50 

« 5 o' 32 

2.6 








period from the mid-1970s, 
when the PSBR peaked at 9% 
per cent of GDP, to the early 
1980s when it settled down at 
about 3 Vt per cent The sharp 
fall in oil revenues this year— 
a drop of more than half in a 
single year — has not been 
fully reflected in a rise in 
borrowing, which implies 
some tightening of fiscal 
policy. 

Bringing every relevant fac- 
tor together in a single mea- 
sure of the fiscal stance is 
probably asking too much. 
But surely some improvement 
is possible on present prac- 
tices. Privatization proceeds, 
in particular, have served to 
confuse the. fiscal picture. 
Given that several other coun- 
tries are about to face s imilar 
problems as privatization 
catches on around the world, 
it is instructive to look at how 
they plan to account for the 
proceeds of asset sales. 

A short survey about to be 
published by the Organization 
for Economic Co-operation 
and Development in Paris 
suggests that Britain's treat- 
ment of privatization pro- 


ceeds is looking increasingly 
idiosyncratic. No other coun- 
try regards the proceeds as 
negative expenditure. A few 
are prepared to regard them, 
in whole or part, as revenue. 
But most are being applied to 
the reduction of debt which 
must be the proper economic 
policy. 

In Japan, privatization pro- 
ceeds have only just begun to 
arise with the sale of Nippon 
Telegraph & Telephone 
Corporation,but is likely that 
they will be kept off-budget 
and used to reduce debt. (The 
underlying level of Japanese 
debt is higher than shown in 
the chart because of the sur- 
us building up in the social 
nd to finance pensions in 
the 1990s and beyond.) The 
French plan to apply roughly 
half the proceeds of St Gobain 
and other sales to the reduc- 
tion of debt. The other half 
will be used to finance a public 
fund for the support of state 
sector lame ducks like Re- 
nault. In other words, they will 
be treated as revenue hypothe- 
cated to a particular expen- 
diture programme. 


i 


(STOCK MARKET) 

Talk of interest rate cut 
boosts trading in 



By Carol Leonard 

Growing hopes of a x h per 
cent cut in interest rates when 
European finance ministers 
meet Mr James Baker, the US 
Treasury Secretary, and Mr 
Sumita, the Governor of the 
Bank of Japan, tomorrow, 
were being dismissed as “over 
optimistic" in the City. 

Instead, Mr Stephen Lewis, 
chief economist at Phillips & 
Drew, the broker, thinks a 
base rate rise of 1 per cent 
might be more likely. 

“The prospect of a cut in 
interest rates in the UK is not 
really on the agenda for 
Friday," he says. “It could be 
that rates here go up or that 
the authorities in Britain are 
rescued by a round of inter- 
national rate cuts." 

Mr Lewis says tomorrow's 
meeting will probably involve 
a review of progress during the 
past year, ahead of the next 
International Monetary Fund 
meeting in April, and touch on 

A party of 40 City retail 
analysts will be in Solihull to- 
day visiting Foster Broth- 
ers, the menswear, 
chiidrenswear and Millets 
chain, which leapt into the 
arms of Sears rather than 
be taken over by Ward White. 
Sears, down lp to 123p, 
will be unveiling development 
plans. 

the problem of finding a 
managing director to succeed 
M Jacques de la Rosiere, who 
retires at the end of the month. 

Talk of an interest rate cut 
caused a flurry of activity in 
the gilt-edged market early on, 
with rates moving .ahead ! by 
more than f 'A within the first 
hour. The Government made 
the most of the opportunity by 
selling off the finalpanofi ts 
£100 million tranche or -UUr 
stock, first issued 10 days ago. 

The market then drifted 
steadily back and ended the 
day virtually unchanged from 

overnight le v ds- „ . 

Sterling held up well, clos- 
ing more than half a ant up 

on the dollar at $1.4252. 

Equities meanwhile had an 
unexciting session, although 
thev nevertheless remained 
firm. The FT-SE 100 share 
index opened down 2.8 points 
and closed at about the same 



level, down 1.3 at 1,634.6. The 
FT 30 share index dosed 1.1 
lower at I,285.S. 

After British Gas, which 
slipped %p to 61ftp amid a 
volume of 1 98 million shares. 
Grand Metropolitan, the ho- 
tels and brewing group was 
one of the most heavily traded 
stocks, after our story yes- 
terday that a consortium bid 
was in the pipeline. 

More than 9 million shares 
changed hands in the market, 
pushing the price Up higher 
to 459p. There were also 
reports that a block of 20 
million shares changed hands 
outside the stock market 

Most other leadens drifted a 
few pennies easier, with the 
exception of Thorn EMI 
which improved 5p to 484p 
after unveiling its interim 
results yesterday and a rise in 
profits from £11.4 million to 
£41.5 million. 

ICI slipped 5p to lll4p, 
Cadbury Sc&weppes Up to 
183.5p, Cable & Wireless 2p 
to 322p and BTR 2pto 274 p. 

Royal Insurance, the 
composite insurance com- 
pany, firmed 4p to 858p, after 
being rated as a “buy” by 
Wood Mackenzie, the broker. 
Mr Peter Rice, Wood 
Mackenzie’s insurance expert 
thinks the stock is extremely 
cheap. 

He says: “Their share 
performance has been dismal 
since May while in sharp 
contrast their last few sets of 
results have been sensa- 
tionally good. 

At the nine-month stage 
they reported profits of £193 
million, when we were 
forecasting £163 million, and 
their third-quarter figures, out 
last month, showed profits of 
£106 million, 40 per cent 


ahead of our forecast of £76 

millio n-" 

For the present year, which 
ends at the end of this month, 
Mr Rice is forecasting £280 
million profits and £430 mil- 
lion for 1987. 

He also says the yield for the 
entire insurance sector for the 
next three years at least will be 
ahead of the market average. 
For Royal Insurance he es- 
timates that h win be between 
15 per cent and 20 per cent, 
compared with a market av- 
erage of about '10 per cent. 

He says: “For the past 10 
years composites have been 
very much out of favour 
because investors are worried 
about a downturn in pre- 
miums. Lots of institutions 
have been trying to reduce 
their weightings in the sector 
and this has depressed the 
share prices. 

“As a result Royal is now 
selling on a multiple of five 
times peak earnings, which is 
too low. It should be on a 
multiple of about seven.” 

Earnings per share for Royal 
Insurance are expected to 
increase from 96-1 Op in 1986 
to 126.2p in 1987. 

Elsewhere in the insurance 
sector. General Accident 
slipped 6p to 828p, Guardian 
Royal 1 p to 783p, Britannic 6p 
to S71p, San life 4p to 920p 
and the Prudential Corpora- 
tion 3p to 826p. 

Oils were nervous ahead of 
today's Opec meeting in Ge- 
neva. Shell, which had 10 
million shares traded in the 
market dipped 6p to 944 p, BP 
8p to 675p, BritoO 2p to 149p 
and Tricentrol 2p to 56p. 

I C Gas fell 15p to 528p 
because of the referral of the 
bid from Gulf Resources to 


the Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission. 

Banks had another good day 
after the re-rating of the whole 
sector. Standard Chartered 
climbed lOp to 804p; National 
Westminster 5p to 507p and 
Uoyds 5p to 447p. 

Mercury International, the 
merchant banking group 
which owns Rowe & Pitman, 
the Queen's stockbroker, gave 
up 32p to 371p on the news 
that corporate raider, Mr Saul 
Sternberg, had sold his 15 per 
cent stake. 

The share {nice fell on 
disappointment that the stake 
had gone to friendly hands — 
in the unlikely shape of the 
Canadian National Railway. 

Good results, followed by 
an institutional presentation 
at the offices of the company's 
brokers, de Zoete and Bevan, 
lifted McCarthy & Stone, the 
sheltered housing group 57p 
to 299p. 

Final figures from 
Guinness, the beleaguered 


• Expect Stone 
International, tbe systems 
design group, to announce 
three contracts today worth 
£3.6 million. The largest is 
tor £2J> million of air 
c«®iiti®KW3sg for Spanish 
Railways. The others are with 
British Rail and Cuban 
Railways. Its shares could be 
in for a boost. 


beer and spirits group, 
boosted its shares 3p to 290p, 
while Charter Consolidated 
gave up 13p to 293p, despite 
annnouncing a 61 per cent 
improvement in profitability. 

Crystalate, which manufac- 
tures electrical components, 
was unchanged at 220p, after 
results in line with the forecast 
it made at the time of an 
acquisition last month, and 
Stabis, the hotel chain, eased 
3pto 72p. 

Confirmation that Tate & 
Lyle has increased its holding 
in S & W Berisford, the 
commodities and sugar group, 
foiled to impress the market. 

Tate & Lyle put out an 
official announcement that ft 
has increased its holding from 
9 per cent to 14.2 percent But 
neither the Tate & Lyle nor 
the S & W Berisford share 
prices moved. Tate was un- 
changed at 578p and Berisford 
al286p. 




lailey Morris 
ihington 
Government i®- 
tf illegal insider 
taken an 

tarn, focusing on 
jis of money or 

among wealthy 
drive np share 

jarces confirmed 
it the Securities 
Commission 
to believe there 
en serious viobt- 


share investigation 



ns ui disclose 
iy investment 
pier cent in a 


They said that government 
investigators., acting on re- 
ports iff secret collaborations 
among professional traders, 
were compiling information 
that coaid lead to new com- 
plaints similar to those filed W 
March against Canada’s 
wealthy Beizberg family. 

SEC officials accused the 
Belzbergs of failing to disclose 
a large investment in the 
shares of Ashland 03 Com- 
pany, saying the extent of the 
Holdings were concealed be- 
cause some of the family's 
shares were held by a Wall 
Street firm- 

The Belzbergs denied the 
accusations. 


Industry officials said yes- 
terday that the new investiga- 
tion appears to be focused on 
reports that a small group of 
wealthy investors make pur- 
chases which concentrate a 
huge number of a company's 
shares in the bands of a few 


When the information is 
disclosed, the share prices rise 
dramaticaDv. creatine hose 
profits when the company is 
either sold or forced to buy 
back its own shares. 

This practice, on the sur- 
face, violates disclosure stat- 
utes. net Insider trading laws 
bat if a collaboration is found. 


the charges would be more 
serious. 

The investigation is aimed 
at the grey area between what 
is legal and what Is Htegal in 
the relationships between 
arbitrageurs, investment 
bankers and their wealthy 
clients, officials said. 

As part of the information 
snbpoened in connection with 
the scandal involving Mr Ivan 
Boesky, SEC officials are 
trying to determine whether 
Investors who acquired stakes 
below tire 5 per cent level were 
working in concert with larger 
investors who acquired bigger 
holdings in takeover targets, 
the industry sources said. 


Canada is using privati- 
zation proceeds to reduce the 
debt of the companies it 
privatizes. If any is left over - 
unlikely so for — it will be 
treated as revenue and allow- 
ed to reduce the borrowing 
requirement The US has 
relatively few state industries 
to privatize but its practice 
perhaps comes closest to 
Britain’s. In order to meet the 
Gramm-Rudman targets for 
the budget deficit, loans made 
by the state are being sold to 
the private sector. 

Taken as a whole, the 
overseas evidence reinforces 
the case for our own Govern- 
■ meat to make a change in its 
treatment of privatization 
proceeds. The case is not that 
the Government has used the 
proceeds of state sales to 
finance current spending. Fis- 
cal policy has, in feet, re- 
mained fairly stable over the 
past five years, tightening in* 
the current year with the raft in 
oil revenues. The case is that 
treating privatization pro- 
ceeds as negative spending has 
been unnecessarily confusing 
and that confusion breeds 
suspicion. 

The Government is already 
disposed increasingly to chart 
the course of public spending 
excluding privatization pro- 
ceeds. Last January’s Public 
Expenditure White Paper con- 
tained information on both 
bases, and figures excluding 
state selloffs were used by 
ministers extensively in the 
presentation of the Chancel- 
lor’s autumn statement This 
being so, there seems little 
point in maintaining the 
convention that asset sales 
reduce public spending. 

That still leaves the ques- 
tion of whether the proceeds 
should be treated as revenue 
or confined to the capital 
account in line with the 
conventions for national ac- 
counts. Fiscal clarity demands 
that they should be treated as 
capita] items. If that basis is 
adopted, the best existing 
measure of the fiscal stance is 
the public sector finan cial 
deficit, which is what the 
Treasury Select Committee 
favours. But, being a national 
accounts concept, the PSFDis 
measured on an accruals basis, 
in other words, instead of 
measuring the actual cash 
flows in the Gvemment’s 
accounts, it records spending 
and revenue due. It could be 
better to stick to the cash basis 
with which markets are famil- 
iar and publish an additional 
series of PSBR plus privatiza- 
tion proceeds. The Budget 
would be a good tune to start. 


COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 


Ernest Saunders and 
the wrath of God 


The expectation, which may be no 
more than hope expressed as expecta- 
tion, is that the Department of Trade 
and Industry's inspectors inquiring 
into Guinness will complete their 
work: shortly. For Guinness pic their 
findings and the reaction of the 
department cannot come too soon. 
Already the derision to have an 
inquiry has done severe damage to the 
Guinness share price, raised questions 
about the company in other countries 
where it does business, and added 
venom to the campaign which began 
shortly after Guinness acquired DCL 
(Distillers) to discredit the chairman 
and chief executive of Guinness, 
Ernest Saunders. 

No one outside the Department of 
Trade knows for certain what 
Guinness, or people within Guinness, 
are alleged to have done that might 
have been illegal. The presumption is 
that the inquiry relates to dealings in 
Guinness and Distillers shares during 
the contested bid for DCL, toad that 
the DTI was moved to act on the basis 
of information originally supplied to 
the American Securities and Exchange 
Commission by the fallen arbitrageur 
Ivan Boesky, who was undoubtedly 
active during the Distillers bid, as he 
was during Guinness’s earlier bid for 
Arthur BelL 

The feeling, right or wrong, is that 
the DTI would not have descended on 
Guinness like the wrath of God unless 
it was sure of its ground. It is a feeling 
lucidly expressed in the price of 
Guinness shares. In the light of 
Guinness's trading performance dur- 
ing the period covered by the figures 
released yesterday — satisfactory and 
promising for the future — the shares 
are cheap. The fact that they remain 
where they are, at a 25 per cent 
discount to their sector of the market, 
is due entirely to the DTI inquiry and 
the City's perceptions of its nature and 
outcome. 

At the centre of the Guinness drama 
stands Ernest Saunders, a tall, enig- 
matic and increasingly lonely figure, 
whose business life since talcing over 
the running of Guinness has so for 
gone through three distinctive phases. 
In the first he revitalized, restored and 
reinvigorated a moribund company. 
In the second, through the acquisition 
of Bell's and later DCL, whose inept 
board turned to Guinness to save 
them from a fete they feared more 
than any other, he appeared as the 
man most likely to revive the ailing 
Sctoch whisky industry. In the third 
he has become the victim of that 
peculiarly spiteful envy which the 
British reserve for those who succeed 
in business; and at the same time he is 
under continuous attack for not 
carrying through undertakings made 
during the Distillers bid. 


In particular the Scottish lobby is 
baying for Saunders' blood. Whether 
they succeed in getting it will turn on 
the DTI's findin gs but rarely can any 
roan, least of all the head of a leading 
company, have been so vilified as 
Ernest Saunders is in an early day 
motion put down in the Commons on 
November 20. The political campaign 
against him is led by Alex Fletcher, a 
former junior minister at the DTI and 
now a consultant to Jimmy Gulliver, 
and Nicholas Fairbairn whose 
relationship, though less defined, is as 
close with Raymond Miguel whose 
Arthur Bell fiefdom was taken away 
by Guinness. If the DTI had any 
hesitation about moving into 
Guinness, the Scottish anti-Saunders 
brigade stiffened Michael Howard’s 
resolve. Guinness of course is under a 
severe political handicap: the Sec- 
retary of State, Mr Paul Channon, is a 
member of the Guinness family, and 
whenever the name Guinness pic is 
heard, puts the maximum distance 
between himself and the subject. 

Whatever the outcome of the 
Guinness investigation, matters are 
unlikely to rest there. Guinness clearly 
feels that the sins of others — in the 
City and those involved in the bitter 
fighting for DCL — may be being 
visited on one company, contrary to 
the British notion of fair play. If the 
inspectors find what they are looking 
for, the temptation to cast Saunders in 
the role of a scapegoat will be strong. It 
is not a part he would willingly accept 
Thus the drama will continue and the 
problems of City and industry implied 
in the Guinness affair will continue to 
be examined, probably against the 
background of acrimony between 
them and mounting political 
embarrassment for the Government 

Meanwhile, arguments over man- 
agement philosophy can rage ad 
nauseam but for those who adhere to 
the principle that the ends justify the 
means, yesterday’s Guinness results 
make interesting reading. Underlying 
profits pre-Distillers were not out of 
line with the £130 million forecast 
during the bid. Cost savings at 
Distillers are already coming through. 
Once Distillers gains momentum 
profits will rise for at least two years 
on.the back of cost savings alone. 

The business school approach 
adopted yesterday of presenting a 
plethora of figures which supposedly 
spoke for themselves was not wholly 
convincing. Indeed, given the public 
perception of Guinness at the mo- 
ment, a more sympathetic appraoch 
would have gone down better. 

Nevertheless, the results proved 
even if the group had to proceed from 
henceforth on auto pilot, it would not 
loose its way for several years. 




PUT OUR 

RESULTS UNDER THE 
MICROSCOPE AND THEY 
LOOK EVEN BETTER. 

The performance of Nunc, manufacturers 
of culture specimen containers deserves closer 
inspection. 

Especially in the area of diagnostic scanning 
where their Immuno Reader system leads the field 
in scanning for AIDS anti- bodies. 

Nunc, like many BTR companies, benefits 
from focused research and development 



BTR PLC. SILVER70WN HOUSE. VINCENT SQUARE, 
LONDON SWlP 2PL 01-834 3848. 


9 









ty> < 




> 


u-i 

p?'* 




THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 11 1986 


AND FINANCE 


_fqreign exchanges 


Market rates 
wrtn»B® 

December to 
NYwfc 1.4240-1 .4155 
Montreal 1,9600-1.3665 

Ama‘aagi323Z5- 32 S5S 
Bnissaft: 5955-59.92 
C'P^ 8 " ]0£"S-!&8750 
Dublin 1.0487-1.0578 
Franfclun 25625-2. 8S05 

Lisbon 212.11-213.75 
Maflnd 15309- 19445 
M4an 196200-199950 
Oslo 10.T390-10.777O 
Pans 92805-9 4440 
St'KWm 9.8895-9-9345 
Tokyo 231 .63-232. 13 
Vienna 20.15-2025 
Zunch 2.3939-24100 


nnu rUHWA ffil PATCC 

Market ram 
ckm 

1 month awn* 

S' f |r ftte- 

KF S3F 


1.4245-1.4255 

15630-1J9G58 

3-2336-32380 

5956-99.67 

105191-108338 

1.0504-1.0514 

25625-25667 

212.11-21257 

19309-19037 

198218-1987.94 

n°J£2% 1Q7556 

9-380M.3S73 

90895-95038 

glOtSSi 

2015-2018 


RfMOoaSfiye Last D — g nga Last Hertwratton For Tirniiwimu 

No* 17 Nov 28 Feb 19 Uxz"* 

DM1 Dec 12 Mer5 Maris 

DOC 15 Jan 2 Mar 19. Mar 30 

Cea optkMs wen Man era « 10/12/88 CNOrfde. AmatradL Systems Oestansrs. 
Totco. London Securities. UwuraTim*, Fowco. Green Resound, Gate «3SfW 
Brake Bros.. Marks 5 Spencer. Abeco. Cnrysete, woMnaoe & Rum Bsh3l 
gpong . Tncerarai. Wtsh Gas. Umsd ScwtJfic. Egonon. Peek. Sauna CWftSa 
Bw wavwwl.^i ^ . SCA. GEC. Property & ReverstarBiy. Ctutt. oh. Betey. 

Puts: Fast Cnenooe. Sound owusfon. Ratfeem, HYouno. 

Puts & Cols: Naa. Amstmo. TampMem, LemraTkne. 


TEMPUS 


Patchy progress at Thom EMI 


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— ?™E«^IE2y!i£^AT]ES_ ~ DOLLAR SPOT RATE S 

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Finland maim „ — ?«£*&£ 5”* 1-3785-1 

Greece dractma 200 iO-PfPan SSS? "■ — — 693004 

Hong Kong aottar 115691-1 7A«25-7 

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8827 

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211 

68.67 

6868 

1677 

89.08 

89.10 

170 

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EQUITIES 

Ashtaad /122pt 138 -7 

Airs Europe (2S0p) 230' 3 -h 

BfetonSBattursea (103p) 141 

Brake Bros p25p) 1*8 >1 

Brtnsi) Gas fSQp) ei 3 *-'* 

Darnel S (iMpl 158 

Heicner King (175(4 181 

Gayntjr (9«pJ 109 +i 

Geest (I25pj 159 +2 

Qentree (I6p) 53 

Gordon Russell J190p) 206 

Gutnna Corp (lfflp) 170 

Halts Homes & GOna (95p) 105. 

Harmony Leisure (2%) 27 

Uoyds Chemist (I05p) 132 

LonA Metropolitan (U5o) 166 

Mecca Leisure (135pJ 1534 : -'j 

Mas Sam Hdgs (i&p) 97 -1 

Norlhumbrtoi Fine ffiOp) 89 +1 

Plum Mdgs (90p) ill -1 


Bern Rein % 

taaarmg Banks 11 
Fktanca House 11» 

Dtaccmnr Martel Lome X 
Ovarngm Huh: IT LOW 10 
week feed: To* 

Trauivy BSe (Discount 

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93.87 188 




Mar 87 

Jun87 


Short Got 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 

Jun 87 

Long GiU 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 

Jun 87 

Sep 87 

FT-SEioo 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 


99-12 98-28 99-12 1882 

NT — 98-14 0 

^ Previous day’s loMMm interest 14B 

96-16 96-17 9WM aWffl §2 

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“*“* Ofi?* Werast 21522 
1 08-16 1&06 170 

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16630 166.60 166.15 166.50 258 


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2 nays 10% 7 days 10H 

1mnmi0 ,b ia Smntti II X 

6 mntti UK 12mth 11 '« 

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1 mntti 10V10K -2nrth 11V11K 
3mnth 11K-11 14 6mnh 11K-11K 
Smntti 11K-11K 12mth 11K-11U 


1 mntti 11V11 Smntti 11 VI IX 
Smart I1*-11»w 12mtti 11V11X 


US merger called 
off by Wickes 


Sants Monica, California 
(Reuter) — Wickes Inc has 
called off its agreement to 
acquire Lear Siegler Inc and is 
ending iis tender offer for Lear 
shares. 

The company said the ter- 
mination was try mutual con- 
sent and without liability to 
either party. Originally, Lear 
had agreed to pay Wickes a 
S30 million (£21 million) 
cancellation fee if the merger 
failed. Wickes said it has made 
an agreement with Lear not to 
buy any shares in that com- 
pany for two years without 
Lear’s consent. 

Wickes said last month that 
it had met difficulty in obtain- 
ing financing. 

Lear had said the alter- 
natives included accepting the 
offer of AFG Partners, a 

Tokyo curb on 
SE places 
for foreigners 

Foreign securities firms are 
not likely to be able to gain 
additional seats on the Tokyo 
Slock Exchange next year, 
despite efforts by British and 
American firms to do so, 
according to Mr Nick Jefooat, 
director of international cap- 
ital markets at KJeinwort Ben- 
son. 

But, in response to a ques- 
tion at a seminar on Japanese 
investment trends, Mr Jefcoat 
added: “We are hoping and 
expecting an offer to apply 
within the next 12 to 18 
months.” 

Last year, six foreign firms 
became the first non-Japanese 
members of the Tokyo Stock 
Exchange. 

Membership was granted 
partly under pressure from 
British and American authori- 
ties who have been offering 
expanded powers to Japanese 
firms operating in their own 
countries. 

Mr Jefcoat said that Japa- 
nese authorities, in explaining 
why so few foreign firms have 
obtained seats, say that seals 
exist in limited quantities 


venture of AFG Industries Inc 
(AFG) and Wagner and 
Brown, to acquire the com- 
pany for at least $85 per share, 
or a recapitalization or a 
leveraged buyout 
Wickes had agreed to pay 
$93 per common share and 
$232.50 per preferred share. 

Wickes announced it had 
raised its ownership in Collins 
and Ailrman Corp (CK) to 
about 92 per cent as a result of 
its tender offer which has 
expired 

Wickes said it received 
about 20 million Coffins and , 
Aikman shares in response to 
the $53 per share offer and had 
already owned 697,067 shares. 

The company said a merger 
of Collins and Aikman into 
Wickes for the same price is 
expected to lake place early 
next year. 

Brierley in 
$75m issue 
of Eurobonds 

Brierley Investments Over- 
seas is issuing $75 milli on of 
7'A percent Eurobonds due on 
January 6, 1992, priced at 
100 !4 and convertible during 
the first three years of its life 
into a noD-callahle, five-year 
floating rate note, the lead 
manager, Morgan Stanley 
International, said. 

The issue is guaranteed by 
Brierley Investments, with a 
1 Va percent selling concession 
and a % per cent combined 
management and underwrit- 
ing fee. 

The floating rate note into 
which it is convertible woukl 
pay 20 basis points above 
three month London inter- 
bank offered rate. The issue is 
for payment on January 6. 

Without the new stock, the 
offer would dillnte First Inter- 
state stock dramatically by 
swapping 0.23 shares of First 
Interstate stock for each share 
of BankAmerica (up from 0.22 
shares in the previous pro- 
posal), adding about 35.7 mil- 
lion shares, analysts said. 


Bell Group 
considers 
acquisition 

Reuter (Perth)— Bell Group 
must make a large acquisition 
to restore the balance of 
equity-to-operating base, the 
chairman Mr Robert Holmes 
a Court said. 

Bell Group has raised 
Aus$ 1.8 billion (£818 million) 
in equity and deferred equity 
in the past 12 months, he told 
Bell's annual meeting. 

He sakL“Tbe result of this 
equity expansion is that we are 
currently out of balance. Our 
equity base, the size of the 
company, has grown fester 
than our operating base. 

Bell was expanding and 
investing in its existing opera- 
tions but needed something 
more, he added. 

“To get the company in 
balance, the size of our com- 
pany and the size of our 
operations, it is going to be 
necessary to make a very 
major acquisition sooner or 
later,” Mr Holmes A. Court 
said. 

“No particular plans exist at 
this time. But it would be 
wrong to say that we do not 
have many alternatives under 
active consideration, be said. 

On Bell's 29 per cent stake 
in Broken Hill Proprietary, 
Mr Holmes 3 Court said Bell 
backed the operation of agree- 
ments between the two com- 
panies, which allowed wfaal he 
called “the corporate warfare” 
of bis takeover bid to end. 

He said Bell had under- 
written the placement, of 
Equiticorp Tasman's 5 per 
cent BHP shareholding at 
Aus$9 a share. 

“I would like to stress that 
this underwriting agreement 
by itself must not be seen as a 
prelude to a full takeover bid 
for BHP ” he added. 

He said his group was 
watching with interest the 
effect of new Australian media 
regulations on its existing and 
future investments, adding 
that it had been negotiating 
the purchase of Herald and 
Weekly Times Lid HWT as- 
sets the day before News Corp 
unveiled its planned bid. 

Mr Holmes i Court said be 
did not know what Bell would 
gain from the HWT takeover. 


CHARTER 

CharterConsolidatedp.L.c. 

Half Yearly Results - Highlights 

♦ Profit before tax: £179 million -up6l%» 

♦ Profit attributable: £12.8 million - up67% ♦ 

♦ Earnings per share: 12.2p - up from 7.3p ♦ 

♦ Interim dividend: 4.0p- upfiom3.75p» 


< h-df veariv report 30 September 1986 will be posted tu registered 
Charters. ■ . ^ i? December 1986 and copies will be available from 
in application tu the Company's registered office. 40 Holbom 
thjt diUL n Viaduct. London. ECIP 1AJ. 


Quarto (libpi 

Ssandsx 

SufMfl35p) 

TS6 Chan Isles (700) 
TSB Gnxa [10(h)} 

Vlrgm (I40p) 

Whtnney Mackey (160p) 
Woowns Boner (104p) 
Wart Group (97p) 

RIGHTS ISSUES 

COOk WM FfP 
GlanteM U/P 

Lon ASSC Mw F/R 
Norfolk Cap F/P 
P e uoc an F/P 
Ftogakan N/P 
ThroqS» N/P 

wanuff^AjIfred** 

(tesue price in brackets). 


DeHar CO*«J 

1 mtm &25-620 Smntti 610600 
6 mntti 6.DO-5S5 12mtti 6.Q5-&00 


EURO MONEY DEPOSITS % 


7 cays 5** i>-5!s 
Smntti 63w4' n 


7 days 5fc-5K 
3 mntti S'la-tt'iM 
France Franc 
7 days 9-8*, 

3 mntti 9W-9X 
SMaa Franc 
7 days ik-i k 
3 mntti 4’ian4»iB 
Van 

7 days 4K-4% 
Smntti 4*M-4 r M 


6 1C -554 
6V6X 
6V6 
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554-5 ft 
4 l *u/ ,] ia 

7V6ft 
914 -9 
954-9 ft 

4"l4-*»M 

5-4 

414-4% 

4’ 18-4' 18 


BULLION 

GoktS390.7S391.2S 
S 3&D0-39200 (£273.fH3-Z?«Mi; 


S 91 JS062L50 (£84296520 ) 
Platinum 

S48D.60 (E3S725) 

SftUttT 

S5360O640LO0 (£37720-37900) 


Fixed Rate Sterling Export Finance 
Somme IV Average reference rate to> 
Imaraar period Nowamoer 1. 1986 to 
Hovembei 28, 1986 inclusive: 11248 par 
cant 


j* Thorn EMI’s interim results 
demonstrated that the 
management is getting to 
grips with some of the 
company's thornier prob- 
lems. but it is still making 
j slow progress on other fronts, 
i On the plus side 
| Rumbelows’ move into sell- 
; ing television sets is driving 
i up margins and improving 
| profits. The rental side also 
i showed substantial growth, 
and rental and retail operat- 
ing profits rose by 27.5 per 
cent to £54 million on tum- 
i over 13.5 per cent higher. 

On the minus side lnmos is 
still showing losses, and the 
market for semi-conductors 
remains weak. The move 
from Colorado to Newport, 
Gwent has helped eat up £40 
million of cash so far this 
year, and breakeven point 
will be reached next year 
rather than by the end of this 
year. 

The technology division 
swung into a profit of £5 
million from a loss of £2.5 
million, despite the £4 mil- 
lion costs of Thom Ericsson, 
the joint venture with LM 
Ericsson. 

Music stayed in loss to the 
tune of £5.7 million despite a 
£5 million improvement in 
Thames Television's 
contribution. North Ameri- 
can losses stubbornly refused 
to come down. The need for 
more artists is still the most 
pressing problem. 

However, the £50 million 
increase in music turnover 
and growth in the American 
market share from some ma- 
jor releases in September 
provided encouragement 
Finally, the consumer and 
commercial sector had a 
mixed performance with Fer- 
guson doing better, but un- 
able to make television sets 
quickly enough to meet de- 
mand. Appliances were 
down, with microwaves hit 
by Korean dumping. Thom is 
responding by taking the 
product up-market 
In all, the traditionally 







€ 


O 


6 



THORN EMI 


FT A 

ALL SHARE 
INDEX 


weaker interim figures told a 
tale of solid but not hugely 
inspiring progress. The 
shares, up 6p at 485p. are 
taking a wait-and-see stance. 
Full year profits of £150 
million are in reach, putting 
the shares on a prospective 
p/e ratio of 11.9. 

The shares are unlikely to 
outperform in the short term. 

McCarthy 
& Stone 

The former glamour stock, 
McCarthy & Slone is launch- 
ing a comeback- Its 1985/86 
results were well ahead of 
expectations and sent the 
price racing ahead from 242p 
to 299p. 

Although sales and profits 
have increased by 70 per cent 
and 61 per cent compound 
since 1981. the group has had 
to live with often over- 
optimistic forecasting. 

This has led to disappoint- 
ment with what have been by 
any other standards an 
impressive collection of 
results. 

Last year, McCarthy was 
helped by a buoyant housing 
market and the economies of 
scale after the establishment 
of a regional network. 

Gross margins on sheltered 
housing were maintained. 
The small amount of slippage 
at the net level was due to 


development costs on nurs- 
ing homes and holiday 
appartments. 

These new ventures open 
new avenues for the group, 
but it may be some time 
before they are significant 
contributors to profits. 

Meanwhile, retirement 
housing remains the British 
power bouse. At least 2,500 
units should be completed in 
1986/87. Average prices are 
rising as the group continues 
its move up-markeL Margins 
should be maintained. 

_ The competition is making 
linle impression. Indeed, 
many national housebuilders 
who have flirted with retire- 
ment homes are finding it too 
specialized a market for their 
liking. 

Against this backcloth it is 
difficult to see McCarthy 
malting much less than £23 
million this year. 

The shares are selling on a 
p/e ratio of under 11 limes 
and have been neglected for 
too long. 

Charter 

Consolidated 

Tempos sailed against the 
wind six months ago when it 
advised against Charter 
Consolidated after its final 
results. The market thought 
otherwise, believing that the 
mining and industrial group 


had finally sorted out its 
problems, and has since lifted 
the shares by about 20 per 
cenL 

Perhaps after yesterday's 
interim results the market, 
will be more cautious about ! 
accepting Charter's claims 
that its problems are all in the 
past 

■ The figures threw up some 
nasty surprises, particularly 
in Shand. the civil engineer- 
ing, construction and coal 
mining subsidiary, and the 
Portugese wolfram mining 

Although pretax profits 
were about 6! per cent higher 
at £17.9 million, operating 
profits were up only 10 per 

cent. 

The much-needed icing on 
the cake came from areas 
which did not involve dig- 
ging, tunnelling and manu- 
facturing, principally the 
stake in Johnson Matthey 
and some smart share desding 
by Charter's portfolio depar- 
tment 

Further rationalization is 
on the way at Shand, particu- 
larly in the construction di- 
vision. The first-half figures 
included further substantial 
losses on the Omani dam. 

Shand also lost £1.04 mil- 
lion on its British open-cast 
coal operations, although it 
has claims worth more than 
£10 million pending against 
British Coal. 

The wolfram mine, which 
lost £1 .49 million, feces more 
lay-offs and rationalizations 
with the world price at rock- 
bottom in real terms. How- 
ever, there were more 
pleasant surprises, such as 
PandroL the rail track equip- 
ment company. 

Growth opportunities, 
particularly in the long-term, 
appear limited. The balance 
sheet looks strong. 

The shares, down 12p at 
294p, are starting to have an 
expensive look, although 
sharp losses will no doubt be 
limited by a prospective yield 
of more than 6 per cenL 


/ OUR RESULTS 
' PROVE WE HAVE 
MORE THAN A NOSE 
FOR BUSINESS 

BTR is no stranger to high fliers. 

In fact we’ve helped keep the world’s 
best known high flier, Concorde, in the air 
throughout its distinguished 10 year service 
The wheels, tyres and brakes are supplied 
by Dunlop, the cooling systems by Serck and 
essential maintenance equipment by Vacu- Blast 
What’s more, when it comes to future 
developments, the sky’s the limit 



BTR PLC, SILVERTOWN HOUSE, VINCENT SQUARE, 
LONDON SWIP 2PL. 01-834 3848. 



J2 BUSINESS AND FINANCE 


twf TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 11 1986 , 


APPOINTMENTS 


“ The Hongkong & 

\ Banking Corporation: 
t William Partes becomes 
• chair man. Mr Frank Frame 
: : becomes deputy chairman. 
" Mr John Gray joins the board 
*as executive director of fi- 
nance and is ma de chairman 
?• of Wardley Holdings. 

John Pearce Holdings: Mr 
Brian Gordon becomes direc- 
tor of development 
Express Foods Group: Mr 
Michael Hodgkinsoa is ap- 
pointed managing director, 
Mr Christopher Chamberlain 
commercial director, Mr 
James Mazphy director of 
trade relations and Mr Rkfr- 


aud 


aid Etches personnel 
administration director. 

Lookers: Mr Ray Horrocks 
is made a non-executive 
director. 

Elders Securities UK; Mrs 
Vi John will become associate 
director of operations from 
January 1. 

Seton Healthcare: Mr Diene 
George becomes divisional 
director of hospital products, 
Mr Michael Babbitt di- 
visional director of consumer 
products. Mr Konrad 
Osfeneier regional director, 
Europe and Mr Rodney 
Honghton-Bailey, regional 
director. Middle East 


( COMMERCIAL PROPER! Y 


Prudential in challenge 
to the merchant banks 



Good news for retailers 


The TFS system for refunding VAT to overseas visitors 
has now been operating nationwide for several months, 
and Has been folly proven by hundreds of small retailers 
as well as major groups such as Jaeger, Country Casuals 
and Dunn & Co. Further recognition of TFS as the 
market leader in this field is provided by Chester 
Marketing Bureau and Colchester Chamber of Trader 
who have recently adapted the TFS scheme. 

■ At no cost to the retailer, TFS relieves him of the 
entire administrative burden, simplifies the 
transaction at point of sale, and encourages 
spending by overseas visitors. 

■ The shopper also benefits, since he receives his 
refund within just a few days, in the form of a single 
cheque in the currency of his choice. 

For further information, just send us your 
business card or call us on 

(01)-8394556. 


TOURIST TAX FREE SHOPPING LIMITED 
Norway House, 21-24 Cockspur Street, London SW1Y 5BN 
(f/a LONDON TAX FREE SHOPPING, 

CHESTER TAX FREE SHOPPING 
and COLCHESTER TAX FREE SHOPPING) 


By Judith Huntley 

Prudential Portfolio Man- 
agers, pari of the Prudential 
Corporation, is restructuring 
its property investment opera- 
tion with the aim of selling its 
property fund management 
services to clients outside the 
Prudential group. 4 

This means that it will rival 
the merchant banks in the 
services it will offer. 

The Prudential is Britain's 
biggest investor in commer- 
cial property with a portfolio 
worth £2.7 billion. The estate 
division of PPM, the 
Prudential's investment 
management arm, is being 
reorganized into three sectors 
— fund management, invest- 
ment and property 
management. 

Mr. Michael Mallutson, the 
insurance company's property 
director and chief surveyor, 
will continue to - bead the 
operation. The objective of 
the new structure is to create a 
strong link between managing 
funds and the properties 
which make up the portfolios 
in those funds. It is these 
services which the Prudential 
hopes to sell outside. 

Mr Mallinson commented: 
* 4 As with other areas of the 
financial sector, the property 
world is undergoing a period 
of unprecedented change. By 
effectively managing these 
changes, Prudential Portfolio 
Managers believes it will, be 
able to maximize on the 
in vestment opportunity es 
which commercial property 
presents." 

The Prudential is still 
searching for a director of 
fond management, and - the 
headhunters are out in force. 
In addition, the estate division 
is looking for at least seven 
property analysts to establish 
an in-house research team to 
complement those working on 
economics and equities. 

Mr Mallinson is in overall 
charge of the restructured 



£20m mix of retailing and leisure 


ARC Properties, a subsidiary 
of ARC, die building products 
and construction group, plans 
a £20 million retail warehouse 
and leisure park on a 70-acre 
site at Maidstone. Kent. A 
model of the proposed 


development, to be known . as. 
Compass Park, is shown 
above. The scheme wiU hare 

300.000 sq ft of retailing with 
an hotel, nmlit-screen cinema 
and restaurant making up the 

100.000 sq ft leisure dement. 


The site adjoins ARC 
Properties’ industrial park on 
Junction 5 of the M25 A 

planning appeal is likely to be 
heard in February. The 
company’s property develop- 
ment now totals £200 raOlioii. 


opera! 

directors of the new sectors will 
have a considerable degree of 
autonomy. 

Mr Mallinson said: “We 
must make way for the youn- 
and they must 
to get it right 

“The estates department 
has been more like a service 
department, but in future it 
will be a profit centre in its 
own right. We have our eyes 
on one or two poitfilios that 
we would like to manage, and 
we are in talks over one of 
them. 

M We intend raising our 
profile rapidly in 1987. And all 
areas of our work will be re- 
assessed to see if they are 
profitable." 

The restructuring at the 


Agreed bid for Imry 


Arbathnot Properties, the pri- 
vate company set np by Mr 
Martin Myers, a former part- 
ner of Jones Lang Wootton, fs 
the agreed bidder for Imry 
Property Holdings. This, in 
spite of denials from Mr 
Myers only two weeks ago 
when he said he was too busy 
with ‘the big one" to be 
considering such a move. He 


was referring to Arbuthnofs 
plan to redevelop the St 
George's Hospital site at 
Hyde Park Comer, London. 

Details of the agreed hid wiD 
be announced shortly. It is 
likely that a new company will 
be fonmei into which the 
interests of Arbathnot and 
Imry will be injected. 


ORefiance 

India’s largest* company 
is also one of the fastest growing 


Since Reliance went public in 1977, its sales have 
increased 9 times, assets 42 times and profits 23 times. 

From a medium-sized textile manufacturer with 
sates of Rs. 690 million in 1977, Reliance has become 
a leading integrated manufacturer of synthetic textiles 
and fibres with sales of over FIs. 7,000 million in 1985. 

Today Reliance is the largest manufacturer of 
polyester yams and fibres in India 

As a part of its vertical integration programme, 
Reliance is in the process of expanding its 


manufacturing activities in petrochemicals - PTA and 
MEG, the essential raw materials tor the manufacture 
of polyester. 

Refiance is diversifying into the manufacture of 
other new products - LAB (a detergent intermediate), 
PVC and HDPE (high grade plastics). 

Reliance also has plans to diversify into electronics. 

With the support of more investors than any other 
company in India, over 1 .8 million today, Reiianoe has 
plans for the future. 




■HMfH Ell 

■ 



1 

I RUPEES IN MILLIONS 


%age 1 




growth over ■ 
1977 ■ 


1977 

1985 

■ SALES 

689.80 

7,162.89 

938% I 

(NET PROFIT 

29.30 

713.37 

2334% 1 

| TOTAL ASSETS 

169.99 

7,356.86 

4527% £ 

| NET WORTH 

95.41 

3,111.17 

3161% h 

| TOTAL DIVIDENDS 

8.93 

257.52 

2783% | 

1 



I 

■ 



■ Issue ot 13.5% Secured eu'ly Convertible. 
Debentures "of 1 4 5 Indian Rupees each. Each 
. compuisorily ccoveded intc.tv/o Reliance shares at 
„ -he "end o! 12- months' cod version price -of 
' Bs. : 72.50 per share; '~he average price of the; 
.shares' dunng'dhe week oh. 3th November 'was 
a round Pis-. -220 per share., " 

-.This advedis.ernpr,*. is .dct an \ invitation - 1c, i 
subscribe, for lH'e : Debentures, Fu'j details of the 
Oder are contained in an Offering ‘Circular dated 
1st December 1966 on the terms; o‘ .which cho-ne 
investment in the Debentures may be made ■ For a ■ 
copy of the Offering Circular, and application forms 
please contact anv.ct. the TOlicwihq banks: 


GrintBays Bank pXe. 

13. Sl James Square. 
LONDON SW 1 
Banket Baroda 
31/32 King Street, 

LONDON ECS 

Hoibecfc House. 

63/65 Moseley SL. 
MANCHESTER M2 3LP. 

1 75. Soho Road. HafKJsworft. 
BIRMINGHAM B21 -95U 


32. Easing Road. 

WEMBLEY BRENT. 
MIDDLESEX HAO 4TL 
State Bank of Irttfta 
Stale Bonk House 
1. Milk Street. LONDON EC2 

6.30 FrndWey Road. 
LONDON NW 11 

Clarendon House 
10/13, Cfitford Street. 
LONDON NW 1 


Kings House. Th&Green, 
SOUTHALL MIDDLESEX 
30, Clare Street BRISTOL 
American Express Bank Ltd. 
Winchester House. 

77. London Wall. 

LONDON EC2 

CanaraBank 
P. D. Box No 1743. 

14t Moor Lane. 

LONDON EC2 


* in terms ot market capitalization 



Reliance 

is strategic growth 


z, 24-12-86 ’ 


Reliance 

industries Limited 

fiegd Office Mater Cruroom IV 
322. Ndnnun Pomi. Bombay 400 021. India 
Tet 243340 Tekar 0l1-6E<2 VMALIN 01 1-2350 VMAL IN 


Reliance Industries Limited invite Non-Resident Indians to attend 
Investor’s Conferences at: 


Date: December 12, 1986 (Friday) 

Time: 6.30 p.m. 

Place: Grand Hall (The Connaught Room) 
Great Queen Street, London W.C.2. 


Date: December 13, 1986 (Saturday) 
Time: 5.30 p.m. 

Place: Wembley Conference Centre, 

(Severn Suite) Wembley, Middlesex. 


a WL VJH 


Prudential is a sign of the 
times in the property market 
The same is true of Abaco’s 
acquisition — announced this 
week —of Hampton & Sons, 
the estate agent. 

Hampton was aware that it 
had to maintain and improve 
its market position. Several 
options were explored in its 
desire to move away from a 
partnership structure in a 
market which increasingly de- 
mands more capital invest- 
ment and expansion. 

Mr Hamilton Verscboyle, 
senior partner at Hampton, 
said that he had considered 
selling part of the firm to 
outside interests, an arrange- 
ment which had existed with 
Greyhound, the United States 
company which formerly had 
a stake in Hampton. 


BASE 

LENDING 

RATES 


ABN... 


.11.00% 


Adam & Company .11.00% 

BCCI 11.00% 

Citibank Savingsf —12.45% 

Consolidated Crds 11.00% 

Co-operative Bank —11.00% 

C. Hoare & Co JL11.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 1. 00% 

Lloyds Bank 11.00% 

Nat Westminster 11.00% 

Royal Bank of Scottaid 11.00% 

TSB - -.11.00% 

Citibank NA 11.00% 

f Mortgage Base Rate. 



THE SCOTTISH 
METROPOLITAN 
PROPERTY PLC 


V 


“Significantly altered 

portfolio bearing fruit 

*PrODem- assets have increased 

from £92.6 million to £121 .1 million 
since 1981. 

jc 1986 gross rental income £8-83 million- 
up ^3-5- million since 1 981. 

★ 1986 gross dividend 6.0p per shore - 
up 60^o since 1981. 

* £50 million Debenture Stock issued in 

September 1986. 

it Increasing concentration on propern 
development. 

“Anticipated growth in rental income 
will enable the Board to continue 
its policy of paying increased^ 
dividends on an annual basis. 

David Walton, chmkmaS 

Stock Exchange House. 

69 West George Street, Glasgow G- tut. 


LAND SECURITIES PLC 



25 EASTCHEAP EC3 

IMMEDIATE OCCUPATION 
SELF CONTAINED 
AIR-CONDITIONED OFFICES 
APPROX. 8,600 SQ FT 

TO LET 

Rktiard Ellis 


Chartered Surveyor* 

55 Old Broad Street, London EC2M 1LP 
Telephone: 01-256 6411 


• Prime waterfront 
footage in Docklands* 



HarboursExchanee 

A C'£ /Cl 1 jWaf IT Hr •>• -PTC- Oc r-LCCMt! ;T-: O* 


• Phase I - 38,000 sq. ft., 47,000 sq.ft., 79,000 sq.ft., 
available for occupation in Spring 1988 • 

• Environment Harbour Exchange will be one 
of the most spectacular office developments 
in London’s most exciting new business area. 

• Enterprise The Enterprise Zone benefits 
provide substantial tax relief advantages for the 
benefit of occupiers. 

• Opportunity Long rent free periods or 
substantial contribution to fitting out costs are 
offered. 

• A FURTHER 844,000 SQ.FT. TO F OLLOW • 

tact ^ 

► Knight Frank 

&RutIey 



NICKTHOMLINSON 

01*538 0744 


LONDON DOCKLANDS 


SIMON MILLER 

0 1 - 538 3155 


Dockland 


i London Docklands. The Growing City. 
















v*ETRQfc 



daily . 

asfsttr *s ^" SoSiK.rite 

^^S, c Y ' 5 MS£ to * 


Eastern Prod 


IE U5E2S3C53I Ml 

jgr^^HHSggE^Mjl 

'EM 


Industrials A-D 


mn ar r 


j : -i | 


lEESE^ai 

E 22 E 32 ai 


CiuL^IZI 5 IMMir.^rr , m.-»aii 


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iEl££!!*IEMHi r^CT:ff , ! , i M» 


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3331 


m ifffflff ^ rmn 3 B[ ' 

e iseius j— n 

E tgr ■ T ' r Trj. ■?? ■ i : ,y r j i .. ! »-',■ -t» 

K 310 ^H 


Weekly Dividend 


Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £ 16.000 in 
Saturday’s newspaper. 


BRITISH FUNDS 


* 


? 2 z 3 


m 


i S 3 


i 




& 


BANKS DISCOUNT HP 


ir? 

750 
489 
BO 
573 « 
46 32 
TOO US 

4 22 2 W 
SB'j «'.- 
£', 24 
<7- 334. 
116 83 '. 

mr.-as 1 ? 

34 1/ 
212 146 
3tt 2® 

1 03 * 

315 IB 

*30 *5 
79'; 55 
530 W 
196 135': 
570 W 
4«4 353 
83 58 

428 MB 
153 '* , 
£3 4 il : 
516 366 I 


-*• 

3i 'i n . 
205 +| 

287 *' 

S3 -'} 
222 • +* 
367 • ■ 

B 0 +1 
495 • ■- 
138 • , 
4E3 +7 

447 +4 

375 • -» 
121 -« 
SS5 - 

m -» 


90S Ofi 73 
. e .. <az 
1506 57 ■ 

. « . 

178 63 

¥j m <w 
707 52 BJ 

2B.1 57 71 

J] B .1 U 2 
133 23 777 
269 107 355 
29 S3 136 
1391 S3 
2051 45 .. 
80 0.1 
2001 4.1 .. 

U 47 2U 
68 33 124 
22.1 7fl . . 

til W w 

106a « 63 

in SJ SJ 
13 42 
IBS 17 205 
175 93 Hi 

190 33 W7 

25.0 56 7? 

37 53 HU 

86 23 

3?l M KL9 

17.1 W 


xruD Times IhUkSDaV DtCEMBtK 11 1986 


STOCK EXCHANGE PRICES 


SINESS AND FINANCE 


Equities remain firm 


lp I 



ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began Monday. 

§Forwandba 


igsend Decen 
are permitted 


December 19 . §Coniango day December 22 . Settlement day January 5 . 
nitted on two previous business days. 



© TwNMWVlnM 

DAILY DIVIDEND 
£4,000 

Claims required for 
+35 points 

Claimants should ring 0254*53272 


371 191 Hu Act Bk 

IIBEM 

894 419 cm 
818 SU 

Fsgo 

ot ?n mew 


Low Ononr 


1 

a. 


&£"* S 

sw-^ 

arssr^ g 
g-nsr 3 

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HMM-A- ns 

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S£T ,4D IS 


410 27 £ 54 53 

47 as 48 99 

1886 64 102 

71 sa 134 
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4 114 22 ca 

+11 464 68 90 
42 M0 60 MS 
A . 

7.7 25 160 


9 .. K5 

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6*2 U 

70 

• -I 144 

-7 110 

-6 33 

+*, 73 

. U 
41 103 

-I 2 SB 

► .. 11 


-I HU 48 no 

-2 170 38 wa 

»-l 114 44 118 

1-1 111 U 128 

t + l 110 48 7)7 

•1 119 25 157 

.. 114 39 263 


BUILDINGS AND ROADS 


298 m Mbn 185 an 42 

38 21 2 sS»e«* wr zb no 

SW» 4a*c 265 267 9-1 M 4 i 

76 52 ta cMti Tfj 74 01a i 

?23 w AHftoorts 230 2» .f* f’f 

““ S 5 P 8 "** ” 520 £4 • -! 143 

IS 2 S «0 «0 +5 102 

'« '26 BwuSm ise no -s no 

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S. .5 S? H 67 41 4.4 I 

10'. 875 nuss 9 S 0 900 . 368 . 

730 526 Baa Code 645 64 T -2 300 . 

2 » m BmlonSCta) Ml 750 245 • . . 140 I 

9 * 09 ft I &te "0 76 76 •+! U ! 

2 S’Sfyi*H Wi M .. . 

12 £ gP " H » 68 HI -I 30 i 

’S ' *5 ft"" . 146 141 -*i u : 

» 7 BmuS 0 HUn 11 12 -1 .. . 

M 85 ClmuMoidstiM 137 133 .. 48 i 

158 fi* Cento Cq 152 157 ..Ml 

HO S E* 5 "" 482 406 . 250 : 

« MB to*ys* *47 »S 0 +1 09 1 

225 124 tenM) 2 H> 213 * 4 l 79 ! 

,u 116 oo i 

137 72 Dngbt (ffllj 178 OJ +1 32 b 3 

111 70 MB 105 110 .. 59 4 

103 75 f® SB 103 • 25 3 

£ H - 64 68 • 25 3 

M WeaWM* 116 120 42 58 4 

® 5 « «"GP 73 78 •-! 64 1 

94 60 Utoa 85 BE +■> 69 I 

us } os anus A omy om i 3 S us -2 tt i 

385 2 M GHM (H8 338 343 *41 64 2 

152 £B HAT ia 170 84 3 

5 M U HdOIBv 476 403 -ID .. ■ . 

258 r» U wdwan 173 178 9-2 SM 5 

79 42 Hmtet-Sbm 66 BB • .. 25 3 

244 144 HqpmU Man 198 207 .. HI 5 

643 & S6ap A Hi 545 S8 -1 ' 261 3 

59 aw»m SM 50 52 20 3 

203 126 ItntDdi Jclmtn no 106 -I 7.1 3 

«o 2 66 Java U 1 & San 440 VA- -10 140 3 

488 M6 Unp (J) 377 -378 •-!•» «0 2 


484 253 Do A 
1 M 76 ItermflMM 
91 M Llqr (FJQ 
429 290 Umi (YJJ 
262 128 WffM 0 SB* 
343 17 B MMtes 
I 3 S 101 Mate 
210 161 Irak OWn) 


210 161 Mnwb (Hteai) 
1S1 96 Mm 8 him* 

448 3B* McMpHIMM) 
304 228 McCanbyks 
297 171 UwH 
42 23 «nT ISMq] 

!S3 }ffl UW 
444 306 M teH ui tinMU 
320 798 te* 

295 163 NUtagban Back 
254 iiS Pnttm 
110 74 FImA T*btr 
395 285 F53S0S 
OO 440 RMC 
471 332 teteM 
3Z3 188 fteinM 
191 nS’rRoiby Qn*a 
177 161 SmM nrtkx 
142 87 Snaps 0 Raw 
87 70 SMI M 
4B1V3l9'.TMK 
348 Z36VMMW»rfM 
209- 136 ItaqOn), - 
436 210 Tm* & tax* 

101 75 Bek 

an m Tmfl 
381 195 WMpUN 
293 246 HM 
103 58 VbriMHlp) 

204 172 muni* 

ins 67 nten EM 
isi 41 «jggn 


377 -378 •- 1 , » 
377 378 M- 1 H 
78 88 «-1 
32 34 +2 

372 375 -1 

25 B 258 -3 

S S -V. 

HO 195 .. 

OO 130 .. 

384 388 -2 

S m «48 
285 - 41 *. 

36 SB 

143 US -7 
354 356 • -3 
805 815 -4 

2 B 0 Sffl *5 
243 247 *» 


few 


MB 5J 117 
29 37 118 
tax 5i us 
■ 20-1 37 >50 

20 3LB 2fl« 

7.1 36 MB 

M3 37 919 
r m? 2J ?HB 

! !§J m 196 

57 12 £4 

19(157 43 

102 2.7 132 

77 39 300 

129 39 MO 

14 45 229 

79 41 HI 

i.5 01 .. 

W.1 47 124 

41 \A 219 

-89 30 192 

1.4 37 .. 

13 M 197 

207 98 HJ 

197 12 152 

83 32 220 
90 37 99 

200 92 100 
200 3.1 140 

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9.4 94 no 

15 27 202 

58 70 120 

ISO 37 179 
127 41 137 

8.4 42 193 

52 27 151 

18 10 61.1 

K10 40 359 
150 40 112 
104 30 162 

14 14 11.1 

00 94 144 

19 19 319 
fflr os sss 
32 M no 
96 51 179 


INSURANCE 


OVERSEAS TRADERS 


207 KB Htepi 
2B TBUta i . 


320 248 EMM 

221 158 E 8 M 

an as as 

43<i 34'iEte) 

553 1B2‘:Efato 


30 320 **2 143 49 80 

158 163 . 107 96 109 

258 273 M+t 99 37 149 

m 1 , 41 ", 27 56 188 

US 140 M *2 73 57 133 


24'atKHtex pQf 3JH - -9 

104 61 EloeM 73 75 • .. 41 SJ IU 

2Mi JtSfWMI 23*. - • 139 U . 

381 295 Expos Cam Oar 320 321 -1*. 170b 90 112 

2 IN 28'iEacsm (LU) * 22S - -V SO 04 .. 

152 157 •-! 50 32 150 


28*. TD'.fncssoo 0(4 tr 22S - SO 04 . . 

161*3136 Ente* Ham 152 157 «-l SO 92 190 

IQ 114 E ro* Ftnu 121 122 50 59 90 

143 112 Eto5tM 83? M2 7.1 . . .. 

J42 *87 Eted no 1H *2 U U U4 

?i5vt22 tana ito ih IS 99 130 


423 312 BM 

56 77 Man 

42 26 FtcDd Me 

m 106 Ena (JR) 
75 49 F4» MW 
850 400 tan 
BO 39 Knte 
124 M Final COM 
69 28 Fatal 


393 397 157 40 OO 


35 36 

32 34 • .. 
02 134 »-1 
58 S3 *1 


. • .. 780 

51 54 89 

7.1 93 149 

SO 62 177 


134 6* Final COM 100 US -7 

89 a Fatal 50W 6i'< «4 

ns 6i Fatm toi hh s -3 

41*, 77S Fate, Snap K/V 31 E • . 
2fi 157 FritegH A Mmt 233 . 238 

67 46 ta«h(Q«aa) 55 a 


517 518 84 16 230 

70 n m*S 10 13 .. 


FINANCE AND LAND 


342 205 6 Mte « 

177 176 M In tart 
ITS*, 86 ItetallH 
240 US BvUwTM 
22 18 CtaA 
m 219 Cntonr 
43 23 C uiain i 
34 17 EaHyOG* 
US 132 My S Son 
207 153 M*te 
1055 3B WHmlflB 
KB a 0 * 8 q% 

148 114 Ha m a te 

ID 9 VRM* (JT) 

223 195 Tamtam Bm 


236 240 -1 

133 142 +1 

128 OB +3 

237 m • .. 

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230 235.. 
a 41 +1 

30*r 31*1 • . . 
158 *63 #+3 
W8 201 m .. 
1Q3 196 *+1 
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120 125 
318 328 .. 

207 212 


180 10 753 

97 54 389 

19 42 ai 

7.1 4.4 22.1 

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20 29 383 

825 70 .. 


131 84 68 M 

385 235 GUI 

310 260 GO 

118 GO Guta Eos 
MO M Gomcr 
153 til Era 
IH. 75 B*,Doo 
344 194 (fernd 
SOS 2® Gang Kar 
*82 U7 Smnwgc 
312 706 to* 

180 153 Cten 
M S 9 >rMKM ftema 
252 134 M bm 
m 128 HUM 
266 175 KCC 
290 235 KMn 
57’, SbHmaH 
58 a team 
215*, Ml Kubod 
214 MS 0* 8H Cd* 

669*i BB Da 5*»9 PI 

Walts* 0 * m 
280 133 Hamms 
275 175 ftantapHte 


85 87 • .. 

271 273 • 

2B5 305 • 

103 108 
175 177 
W IHB -7 
MO M2 -4 


90 64 7.7 

03 05 

01 99 134 

£0 03 79 

129 U 175 
41 71 .. 

>4 98 110 

779 00 91 

Mffl 33 ISS 
90 40 79 

2.1 12 190 

90 34 no 

2S9 21 197 


868 620 Aten km 
29* 23VAn Goa 
415 213 Boteadi 
W 799 Bnanc 
336 2S7 cam Sana 
320 228 Ewn A tte 
405 »« F4I 
954 7m Gm Motel 
954 720 GK 
70S <77 Matt C E 
3S9 'j 2G7 Hoag Robam 
ZS3 133 LagM A Gn 
224 in UMM I Mao 
<56 257 Lon Um M 
EK 29>«Mub A Hdn 
335 270 Mad 
348 223 PKS 
IS* 12 Pern 
MZ 71A Maw 

493 361 Maga 
967 76? tote 

415 316 &tfgMk Eta 
409 3*6 Sam meob 
445 380 Stag* MBgs 
777 520 SuiMra 
927 772 Sell* 

MS 12& lot Manly 

494 394 MMFafta 


i -i*. no so 
•-* MO 49 

.. 8901 12 .. 

+1 69 11 270 

-A 447 51 

*2 174 64 

-3 90 30 

s 

• -0 3L3 4.1 289 

•-1 429 94 227 

•*1 M II U 

*'» 07 40 136 

.. 127 SJJ 313 

-1 90 45 287 

♦2 240 94 133 

-* 220 50 .. 

-*a 114 40 ||0 

-I 132 45 139 
.. 691 49 .. 

-1 366 47 549 

♦1 304 40 . . 

• «6 380 45 707 

.. 17.1 92 199 
•-1 197 15 184 

+1 IDO 14 212 
•+t 275 42 94 

• -4 35.4 30 .. 

.. 93 13 00 

-3 129 18 210 


Mi 


193 vm Can 


137 137 *-1 no 74 110 

K 82 •- 3 '.- U U .. 

431 433 -11 298 96 219 

<87 490 •-! 299 93 387 

34 35 1 . 7 B 49 128 

227 229 -'» 17.1 75 112 

80 85 ta+S 36 43 M 0 

ns 290 « M 11 M 

2 S 0 285 93 33 73 

175 177 -2 90 99 II 

55', 57’, 

623 643 a-s 229 38 137 

152 154 -2 548 

248 253 -2 107 43 115 


ran Papa 32 


310 312 «+1 129 4.1 190 

260 .WJ . 165 01 me 

137 M2 .. SO U 141 

286 2* HM) 31 H0 


MZ 248 -4 

158 M 9 ta -3 


26 17 

IIS 91 115 
GO 4J H5 


188 195 +1 143 7.4 120 

290 235 Mn 255 260 24 M 307 

57*, ZS^Hmpua U 51 & .. 15 11 M2 

58 20 team 57 - 

MS’, M, Iteaoo HI IS +5 01 U 1 U 

2 M MS Da 8 V Ota US ISO . . 860 42 

ESS', ES Da 5*1 PI IIS', 115 + 1 H 82 . 72 .. 

Waits* Da W* m>r rn 0 91 .. 

280 133 I la mam 268 270 -1 79 29 187 

275 175 ta» (PM (1 M 7 257 +2 02 52 127 

623 403 Hate Stadete 468 443 41-1 21.4 48 97 

an so iM» m no •* 2 *a 27 zo az 

285 81 HwEHmite) VS 185 +0 94 54 209 

•sm m H am a Caome w in +i*a ms sj isj 

» 36 Mate ACM 01 37 no 

2ZZ 65 HM U) 202 m 47 23 102 

■m m n*gu A Jao mm - s 52 a 


144 96 8 a A HM "K 
220 UB BoanaAte* 
220 SB Mfeter 
132 42 Caoipan 

225 1 Ctawte 

410 325 Fast Lame 
62 ', « EH 4 
115 60 teitei* Bart 
151 93 Hart Taxi 
131 M HUU 
M 3 32 Jteat SIUte 
187 137 Ice lad 

in no uutestar 

391 280 

403 326 RNMUnte 
64 36 Rte Lnsaa 

228 129 Saga Hotart 
360 M8 SamateaGp 
174 110 Stetarlteag 
74 SI Toteten Kang 
185 WiZHan 


LEISURE 


tO 133 

no ho ... 

2 W 207 M +1 ' 
1 M 117 -1 

174 177 -I 

392 335 ta -1 
57 Sl*a +*, 

KB 115 -S 

147 148 
115 IH •-■a 
48 SZ 

150 19 • . . 
163 173 ta -2 
315 317 -4 

367 372 • -3 
36 38 

M 2 183 -IS 

172 18 ? -11 

172 ITS +3 

63 05 -I 

183 186 +2 


«0 70 mo 

277 

79 30 1S9 
1.4 1 2 310 

as 4S H9 

09 14 202 

.. .. 407 

.. .. M2 

03 43 7.1 

74 04 »7 

10 35 B9 

18 10 149 

09 59 102 

11.1 35 130 

101 44 149 

HM 

00 4.1 130 
14 19 109 

40 16 .. 

.. • .. 119 

7.1 39 MO 


222 66 HMI4 
23 Q2 HMtalJBt 
92 17 Hate Ban 


CHEMICALS, PLASTICS 


CINEMAS AND TV 


DRAPERY AND STORES 


TO 

IK 

830 

645 

265 

165 

jjl 

IS 

350 

283 

635 

40 

297 

IBS 

S3 305 

87'j 55 

151 

100 

<l6? 

MS 

355 

229 

195 

*s 

5fi 

31 

MB^IO* 

% 

23* 

72 

*7 

96 

BS 

IDE 

74 

385 

265 

24’, 

1 10 

-42 

21 

Mg 

<13 

163 

127 

88*, 82'! 

191 

ia 

IBS 

156 

378 

235 

185 

98 

mi 

« 

BK 

430 


FtaaactanhMurpteMMgilZ 


FOODS 


iso ra +'» 

is:; 

3S3 370 -IB 

3 

M3 185 . . 

384 ZH -1 
110 1 » +2 

HI 

177 182 -1 

IS £ * 

H 2S -i*. 


336 ME HDPMW 388 338 +2 

120 78 Nomtaa 83 M -*a 

325 23* Hategtea 3U ses • .. 

12a J| team Gmgi m in »-a 

401 207 *>n*tea MBaapoa 361 3 M *1 


M0 IK * -2 01 17 no 

202 212 47 23 102 

TB5 as -5 .. 524 

79 81 +1 496 94 207 

334 330 +2 110 39 132 


83 M -*a 59 00 08 
3M 325 0 . . Ill 30 09 


45 

30 

164 

Ut 

119 

440 

11.7 



41 

70 

129 

50 

4 b 

374 

175 

30 

M9 

164 

40 

13 

13 Cl 

42 

23B 

B9 

10B 

59 

183 

01 

41 

153 

01 

37 

179 

74 

55 

331 

170 

51 

151 

l.l 

19 

409 

07 

47 

21.4 

08 

4B 

90 

110 

3B 

156 

110 

51 

124 

KL3 

49 

me 

32 

TO 

198 

1&Q 

50 

150 

L9 

19 

204 

58 

24 

M2 

73 

18 

217 

*7 

28 

M8 

47 

22 

UB 

41 

40 

72 

3B 

29 

220 

49 

18 

H» 

80 

35 

140 

0B 

20 

109 

50 

51 

BB 




44 

10 

246 

70 



20 

10 

208 

80 

41 

M2 

20 

40 

234 

114 

47 

m 

03 

34 

1B2 

GO 

17 

142 

94 

39 

MO 

100 

44 

11.4 

94 

40 

s 

a».i 

17.1 

320 

53 

1T0 



06 

0B 

22 

220 


50 


130 

58 

120 

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03 

18J 


191 119 U 172 174 

315 185 Intel » '131! 

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BUSINESS AND FINANCE 


DAYD 



ER 111986 


THE TIMES UNIT TRUST INFORMATION SERVICE; 


«cf Offer & 






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Equity me Tat 47.1 990 . . 7.11 

HJMUFC OF CANADA 
23.4, Coctopw Strati Loam SW1Y SUM 
DeaBtg mOt-SOO 29B2 

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Do OrauOi 240 296 +63 209 

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0264 5B7W OtaAngr 0294 834XW4 
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Oo tarn 1257 1333 -63 ISO 

Easa tnenma bm 117.1 1240 +67 93* 

DO Aeaaa 1*04 1464 +00 534 

Gt aru mm be 1561 1694 +14 203 

DO Aooan 2000 2770 +10 203 


+67 00* 
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MBS 1710 +67 


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1965 21148 
2757 2890 
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2045 2TB7 
2774 2930 


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+19 209 
MU 132 
MU 009 
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1030 10688 
S6S 555 
990 584 
HU 1510 
MU 1570 
2*7.1 2814 
4050 4294 
TM 7106 
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3777 3873 
324 870c 
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+67 210 
+62 2S7 
+130 207 
+63 342 
+60 342 


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48.1 5148 -61 800 
BZ0 0838 -03 300 

1961 M688 +62 570 
2710 28758 +62 STB 

174.1 19*7 +64 303 

0995 3060 +64 283 

2050 3230 -64 020 

3200 3395 -63 020 

1184 12048 -64 149 
MU 15008 -69 145 




+4.1 271 
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carirnotr 407 500 +61 ZOO 

WMDSon TRUST NAMA0SI9 LTD_ 

IMnoxor Horn. 93. lengSMay. Lsndon WC2B 

^+£5 9331 

“■ 1B * S5 S!* 35JH 

S50 580 ..411 


The prices in this 
section refer to 
Tuesday's trading 


0264 98789 biatg 
Andean toe 
Ob Accm 
Extra tacona bm 
Do Aeoan 
SmwrMlIMtoe 
Do Aeoan 
GHAFbad toe 
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PacXctoe 
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ma km 

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S aH cia g oppa toe 
OP Aeoan 
Natural Rat 
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+67 &M 
+00 504 
+14 283 
+10 283 


450 *698 -0.1 904 
805 0318 MU 854 
2161 2367# +14 453 
3430 38S0S +41 448 
I960 1950 +10 051 

1930 2054 +10 051 

3400 39658 +10 104 
4310 *5008 +13 104 
060 702 +61 1-84 

720 770 +61 10* 

560 5608 +62 102 
$70 9678 +64 102 


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two or more ol above). Petfng or 
valuation days (1) Monday. (2) Tuesday. 

a Wednesday. (4) Thursday. (5) Friday. 

1 25tfi of month. (21) 2nd Tlunday at 
month. (22) i« ana 3rd Wednesday of 
month. (23) 2001 of month. (24) 3rd 
Tuesday of month. (25) 1st and 3rd 
Thursday of month. (26) 4th Tuesday Of 
month. (27) la Wednesd ay o f month. (28) 
Lost Thursday of montfr. (29) 3rd working 
day of month. (30) lOh of monttL (31) 1st 


working day of month- (32) 2Q8i of month. 
(33) im day of Fbbruanr. May. August 
November. (34) Last working day of 


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32 M Man Lsaara 
127 rn Atan 
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199 102 AaMI 

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1 21st of month, pa) 3rd 

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> of month. (40) Vbued 
>1) Last Thursday of Suck 
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THE 



L>® 1 


TIMES 


GENERAL APPOINTMENTS 


E mployers offering ca- 
rcers in information 
technology are diverse in 
character and need. 
They range from the 
daia-processing departments of 
commercial organizations to de- 
fence technology specialists, from 
narawarc manufacturers to train- 
ing companies. Within such a 
broad spectrum, it is reasonable to 
suppose that room exists for a 
multiplicity of taleats and 
personalities. 

Yet when it comes to choosing 
the graduate intake - those to be 
groomed as future leaders of our 
industry - too often the aim is to 
recruit from one very narrow band 
of intellects and skills. As a man 
who has never touched a com- 
puter in his life, I must believe that 
this policy is wrong. 

It is at the recruitment stage — 


belbre the business of information 
technology has been learned - 
that we can most afford to hire an 
overall potential rather than an 
existing limited level of expertise. 
We must cast the net wider and 
encourage able, non-computing 
graduates to bring ibeir ideas and 
approaches to our business. Only 
in this way is it possible to breed 
the level of balance within an IT 
company necessary for it to serve 
its markets and satisfy its opera- 
tional requirements and its 
environmental needs. 

On the Hoskyns Group's 20th 
anniversary, we ran an advertising 
campaign based on the theme. 
Our People Are Our Success". It 
is still true today. As a computer 
services company, our major 
products, or representation of our 
products, are people. We must be 
able to deal and communicate 


Potential and skills 
are equally important 
in the recruitment 
of graduates, 
says Geoff Unwin f 





with a wide range of clients and 
their craptoyres, from stock- 
brokers to freight hauliers, from 
shopfloor to boardroom. 

Providing beneficial, practical 
business solutions is as much 
about understanding people and 
their business as it is about 
understanding technology. And as 
the application of technology be- 


comes ever more pervasive, so the 
need for interpersonal and inter- 
pretive skills .becomes more 
important. 

As a computer services 
organization, we need to offer this 
mix of skills. At a graduate-entry 
level, we must seek to ensure a 
broad base of intake to satisfy this 
need. 


People are hired not oniv for 
their abilities to make an immedi- 
ate contribution to the business 
but also for their long-term poten- 
tial. Graduates, for example, all go 
through the same basic training. 
We do, however, also look to them 
to develop in order to satisfv 
future staff needs. We need to be 
able to support not only technical 
requirements but also those of 
other functions: sales, marketing, 
production, for example. 

To recruit only computer sci- 
entists, who by their degree have 
generally indicated a desire to 
pursue a technological career, 
would not help to support our 
long-term needs. It is important to 
draw on capable graduates of all 
disciplines and provide them with 
a business career in the technology 
sector. The continuing growth of 
the industry and the organizations 


within ii demands a constant 
input of new ideas and 
approaches. 

Creativity is all about looking at 
things from different perspectives. 
We believe that our policy of 
ensuring a mixed graduate intake 
contributes to the creative process 
and helps to maintain our compet- 
itive edge. We also believe it 
generates a livelier and more 
interesting worker environment. 

At a time when the skills 
shortage makes the recruitment of 
quality staff at all levels a difficult 
proposition, it fells to the industry 
to see what it can do to alleviate 
these problems. Simply competing 
for computer science graduate 
output does nothing to help 
medium-term and long-term staff- 
ing problems. Nor does it help to 
develop the stock of talent avail- 
able in the industry. 


December 1 1, 1986 


In no way would I underesti- 
mate the value of those with 
technological qualifications, both 
to my own company and to IT in 
general. Although they will remain 
the prime source of graduate 
talent, they should not remain the 
only one. 

It is commonplace in other 
businesses - particularly in the 
financial sector — to take the best 
minds, regardless of academic 
discipline, and train them in 
"technical" skills. We believe this 
son of policy plays an important 
part in our overall recruitment 
strategy. It is an approach the 
industry as a whole would do well 
to embrace. 

Geoff Unwin is managing director 
of Hoskyns Group, the computer 
services company that is planning 
a, full listing on the London Stock 
Exchange next week 


APPOINTMENTS PHONE: 01-481 4481 - APPOINTMENTS PHONE: 01-481 4481 



RECRUITMENT CONSULTANTS 

35 New Broad Street, London ECBfVl TPsJH 
‘■Tel: O 1-588 3588 or01-5B8 3576 
: TeleicJNIo. 887374 Pax No.Q1.-25B 8501 


Two year renewable contract with prospects of permanent staff appointment Opportunity to accrue capital 


rc5A") YOUNG estates ADMINISTRATOR - 

FRENCH 

TROPICAL AFRICA c£20j000 TAX FREE + BENEFITS 

MAJOR OIL PALM ESTATES DEVELOPMENT BY SUBSTANTIAL BRITISH CONTRACTOR 
For this project, we seek bachelor status, male candidates, aged 24-26, qualified HND - Business Studies with French to A' 
Level and fluent in this language. We require not less than 2 yeas broad post qualification axnmercial/adminjstratn^ 
experience, idea By an engineering and contracts environment, exposure to third world conditions and the particular business and 
social challenges, gained possibly through V.S.O. in Attica. Reporting to the resident Administration Manager, the successful 
candidate will be responsible tor the provision of a full range of administrative and back up services including basic accounting, 
management reporting, logistics support, and comnuinications together with personnel planning and local staff development 
Essential qualities are a talent for problem solving, tenacity and adaptability, the w* to meet objectives with the minimum of 
supervision, thereby making a significant contribution to the overall success of this project Initial tax free salary negotiable circa 
£20,000, terminal gratuity, tri-annual leave with passages, free We assurance, fUH medical cover, use of transport, accommodation 
aH-fbund and relocation expenses. Applications in strict confidence under reference 4453/TT, to the Managing Director: CJ A 


ilflHfBflifrfo An important, interesting and varied appointment offering a career In compliance 

Q£9 TRAINEE ASSISTANT COMPLIANCE OFFICER 

CITY £17, 000 -El 9, 000+ MORTGAGE SUBSIDY 

MAJOR INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP 

This vacancy calls for candidates, aged 23-35, who will have acquired not less than 2 years practical experience, either in a 
professional accountancy practice or in a treasury department, who wish to capitalise on their experience. Following a full training 
in compliance work, the successful candidate will be responsible tor checking on internal staff dealings, the impact of capital 
adequacy tests, every aspect of monitoring deals and the continual up-date on the Panel of the Stock Exchange and the 
Investment Managers Regulatory Organisation. An enquiring and alert mind and fee ability to relate well at ail levels is important. 
Initial remuneration negotiable, £17,000 - £19,000 + subsidised mortgage, contributory pension, free life assurance, free family 
BUPA, free permanent health scheme- Appfleationsin strict confidence tinder reference TACO 299/TT, to the Managing Director: 
ACP. 


35 HEW BROAD STREET, LOTOOH EC2M 1 RH. THffMME: &1 -588 3588 OR 81 -588 3576. TRBfc 887374. FJUCW-Z5685B1 


QRGAIHSATIOKREQOraW ASSOTAKE ON RECRHTIIEIfT: PLEASE TELEPHONE 01-628 7539. 


Humberts 


ADVERTISING 

ASSISTANT 

MARKETING 

DEPARTMENT 

Humberts, the rational 
firm of Chartered 
Surveyors, is seeking 
an Assistant to be 
responsible for the 
day-to-day running of 
the advertising. 
Experience of media 
booking, production 
and artwork, printing 
are preferred. The 
ability to work under 
pressure and typing 
are essential. Salary 
by negotiation. Full 
curriculum vitae in 
confidence to: 

Eric Shearman 
(Marketing Manager) 
Humberts 

(Chartered Surveyors) 
25 Grosvenor Street 
London W1XBFE 


01-629 6700 


barnard 

marcus 


NEGOTIATOR 

Required to Join a dynamic 
'.team In the expanding' 
Wand 6 worth Ottice of 
London's fastest -growing 
Estate Agents. Experience 
preferred. Long hours and 
axcelant career prospects a 
certainty- Car owner 
essential. 

Rbn Pamela Gossage 
on Cl 416 1211 


Special Events 
Manager 

c £20,000 

A major fundraising appeal is shortly to be 
launched with a multimillion pound target. A 
senior Executive is required to conceive and 
implement all aspects of national and regional 
fundraising through special events. 

Closely relevant experience and an excellent 
track record in the sector will be required, with a 
proven ability to raise sums in excess of £100,000 
through charitable events. Management, communi- 
cation and creative skills, as well as energy, drive 
and enthusiasm, are among the characteristics 
needed. A substantial salary will reflect the 
importance of the position. 

Please write, with personal details, to Spencer 
Stuart, 113 Park Lane, London W1Y 4HJ, which is 
the consultancy helping with this appointment, 
quoting the reference 7451. 


Quantity Surveyors 


We are an established building contractor 
specialising in refurbishment, work in the 
Greater London area and doe to our increased 
work load we are seeking additional Quantity 
Surveyors to work on various contracts. 

Applicants should be capable of carrying 
out all aspects of quantity surveying with a 
minimum of supervision aim have experience of 
regurbishment work. 

Successful applicants will enjoy a 
negotiated salary, a monthly profit sharing 
scheme related to performance. 5 weeks 
holiday, company car and prospects for further 
advancement within our expanding 
organisation. 

Why not give us a call and make a fresh 
start in the New Year. 


•Vi RIGHT CAREER MOVES 






8 


barnard 

marcus 


A new key position 

Marketing Research Executive 

Harefieid \ Middlesex Excellent package + car 

ai Health Limited is afiret ilnecompany within practical experience and strength of personality to enable 

Glaxo Animal sb . efor development, effective use of marketing and product development 

™„utn^“i^^ lin 9 0{,haGroup '!f thiCa ' resources. 

manuiac inbu5t rial animal health products Asconsiderable travel is anticipated, at least one other 

VG oridwSe It js market-leader in the UK veterinary field European language would be preferred. 

IJrid hasan enviable reputation for quality anti excellence. Salary will be commensurate withexperienceand quali- 

u nmfite role will be responsible for the market fications and is backed by generous benefits, including 

• ir roan d interpretation necessary to develop our guaranteed annual bonus. Outer London Allowance, car, 

intelligence ^ ^ expioitidentified market needs. non-comributorypension scheme, 25 days’ holiday and 

major newpr ^. |( havea proven track record in relocation assistance where appropriate. 

The success*!. -.-gggment in an international Please send a detailed cv to MrsMA Model, Company 

market resea Personnel Officer, Glaxo Animal Health Limited,- 

environmen . d a marketing qualification Breakspear Hoad South, Harefieid, Uxbridge, 

A first deg-.na^ |mportance w ur be wide Middlesex UB9 6LS. Telephone: Ruisfip (0895) 630266. 



Wm 


Wftfi initiative, energy arc) 
ambition required for the 
Fast-faced Crapham office 
of tills expantfing 
company. Excellent career 
prospects. Car owner 


CONTACT JANE LANDY 
on 720 5932 


I (jlUKO Animal Health Limited 


WHICH CAREER 
SUITS BEST? 

Professoral Guidance and 
Assessment for all ages. 

15-24 yrc Courses. Careers 
25-34 Progress. Changes 
35-54 yrs: tanew, 2nd Careers 

Fun derate m tree trohwe- 

CAREER ANALYSTS 

• •© 90 Gtacda Pbte wi 

• ••01-935 5452 (24tes) 


General Manager 

up to £40,000 pa 


Can you really manage people and change? 


As one of the key and highly visible 
arms of The Stock Exchange, the 
Quotations Department is central to the 
regulation of the market, and the 
protection of investors. It is being 
developed and reorganised. 

The Department is responsible for 
the admission of companies to Listing and 
the continual update of information likely 
to affect share values of listed, USM and 
Third Market companies, thus controlling 
compliance with listing requirements. 
These are highly specialised activities 
which already have excellent policy and 
technical support and employ 125 
professional and administrative staff 

We now need an outstanding' 
manager of people to drive the 
Department's activities forward. 

This is an opportunity to make a 
significant contribution to the effective 
management and overall promotion of this 
Department, joining the management 
team at a senior leveL 

You are Hkely to be aged 35-15 and a 
graduate and you must have a proven 
track record of general managerial 
achievement, particularly in change or 
development situations, gained in a 


large financial, industrial or commercial 
enterprise. Your skills in organisat ion, 
control and communication will enable 
you to take up a key role in the 
department in a period of evolving global 
financial markets. 

Salary will be negotiable to 540,000, 
plus car. non-cuntributoiy pension 
scheme, six weeks' holiday, travel 
assistance and private health scheme. 

Please write in strict confidence with 
Ml career details to: 


Mrs Rhiannon Chapman. 
Head of Personnel, 

The International Stock Exchange 
of the United Kingdom and the 
Republic of Ireland Limited, 
Old Broad Street, 

London EC2N 1HP. 


THE 
STOCK 
EXCHANGE 

. market in progress 



si 




THE ROYAL NATIONAL 


INSTITUTE FOR THE DEAF 

Following the recent appointment of a new Chief 
Executive to the RN1D there has been a substantial 
restructuring which has resulted in six new Departments. 

We will be looking to fill the following posts with people who wish to 
join a creative and dynamic team of managers. 





OF ADVOCACY AND 
INFORMATION SERVICES 


1 TYTD ITTHD of residential and 
o JLUIaIjLi 1 Uft. employment services 

2 . DIRECTOR OF ™ D ““ 

3 TYra UfTflD OF ADVOCACY AND 
• UUSJhKj 1 L/Jv INFORMATION SERVICES 

Starting salary £18,197 p.a. on 3-point scale, plus £1,465 p.a. London 
Weighting. 

If you would like to be a part of this exciting phase of development 
and are not afraid of a challenge, please send for details from: 

Personnel Officer, RNID 105 Gower Street, London WClE BAH. 

Mike Whitlam, Chief Executive, would be happy to discuss the posts 
with you informally by ‘phone 01-387 8033; 

Telephone Exchange for the Deaf 01-387 2105 or 1475- 

Closing date for completed applications 2nd January 1987. 

Equal Opportunities Employer 


OPERATIONS 

MANAGERS 

Substantia/ 6 figuro packages 

we are one ot IBM* top dealers and a leading supplier oi 
microcomputer systems 10 the Diue-emp‘ corporate market. 
InordertocoHirtuaoui pattern at planned gicmh, we 
seeking lo recruit two rxfln cahctrc operations managers 

ENGINEERING IIAMABERwffl be responsible tor our ream 
oMidd and beneft ert^nfiors. our worit shop spares hoiduia 
and aur service vehicle fleet 

USOUmcS MANAGER wnH bercsponattC tor our 
warehouse ana configuration areas, slock procurement 
and control, despatch and delrverfc& 


Candidates wUI need to De energetic and intelligent with 
prawonpwplfrmanaoefnentskite end an ability to grasp 
adminsbahvae^sefAe and lo suggest atemettsna where 
appropriate 

A knowtedge of tho mic rocom put er world andtor prior 
■ oxponenco ol engineering or lorasucs management would be 
advantageous but rat ossentail. What is essential is the abWy 

to make things happen and to anauro the hrghea level ol 

sannea and support, and » run ■ tight ship 
H you are In your lata 20 ts to mid 30te and f « the 

description and can convince us why you should bo 
conodered tor these challenging opportunities, please 
wine with career details 10 : M is Leu run Krattman. 

Personnel Manages Bonsai Ltd. it? l te New Oxford Sir oat. 
London WCt A 1HJ tNO AGENCIES) 


DIRECTOR (DESIGNATE)- 
PUBLIC HOUSE 
ADMINISTRATION 

An established multiple private company 
based in London require a Director 
(designate), to assume overall control for fee 
operation of their substantial Public House 
estate. 

The successful applicant should be 
experienced in all aspects of public house 
management wife a first-class administration 
record and a capacity tor hard work. 

The post carries an excellent salary, which 
will be set according to experience and 
qualifications, plus a car and normal company 
benefits. 

Ail applications will be treated in the 
strictest confidence. 

Send full C.V. reft LR.100, 
c/o 26 King Street, COvent Garden, 
London, WC2E8JD. 












34 


THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 1H986 


GENERAL APPOINTMEN 




PHIN 



LTD 


Recruitment Advertising 
Executive Search 
Management Selection 
International Recruitment 


178-202 Great Portland Street, 
London WIN QJ. TeL 01-631 441L 
8 Mathew Sreet, Liverpool L2 6RE 
Teh 051-236 1724 


Control 

Engineers 

Paper Industry 


Our client is a leader in the manufacture of 

specialist papere for twsmess and taaust^ and 

one of the largest international paper . 
merchants, tney now have a mafier^ng 

opportunity for ftocess Control En&ieersat 
their Worth Wat Scotland production tmn to 
leada small team of engineers and craftsmen 
in the design* development and maintenance 
of aH electronic aid pneumatic control systems. 

Papennaldngisa high technology, 
continuouspfooess InaustiY and a unde range 

of sophisticated control systems is used in our 
dient's mite. Ongoing investment prolamines 

mean thafconsidersofeeSiW is directed to 
design and development work associated with 

newt 


ITyou ha\re at least an HNC in Electronics 

and can demonstrate a 

be 

and w3 be commensurate with aperience. 
Company benefits indude 5 weeks annual 
hoBday and a non-contributory pension 

i have Ihenecessaiv skills and 


your man achievements to date to: 

Sarah Bryson, Moxon Dolphin SiKerby Ltd- 
178-202 Great Portland Street 
London WIN QJ. quoting ref: 4450. 

» Heasestatema 
)X( )1\J covering letter any 

f companies to whom 
\ yourappflcntKJn 

i/rm\7 should not be sent 

& KERBY m» 

X.. .3 Eiecnhve Search 4 Selection 


c. £15,000 

North West of Scotland 


between 30 and 40 you must 
ication stalls ana pro 


have good communication stalls 


and 


of modem process c 
is essential. 



Quality 

Asstxranc 

Manager 


BadwdbyQ&Ofp.cKterftfKworid'sIaigest 

ban fcfagor fflrrisanom tGtibanKSavingsga 


Thsexdtli^ environment demands new and 

improved financial systems opeiatiiig to the 
... /^andards. 


win prove tnvaluabte. 

Essentially pragma— , 

tedmkd expertise with tfe creative drive that 


Developing the quality 
systems behind a lea d i ng 
light in co ns txmer finance 


for wiDhdp develop our entire quality 
assurance strategy. Gxjrdiiiating the quality 
facets ofafl Systems Development pit^ et! 
activities, usingan advanced IBM. mam&arne 
system, you vraloa ntn butedirertfy to the 
company's continued leadership and 

expansion in a highly competitive nelc 
To aduevethelevel ofindividual success 


Negotiable salary + 
banking benefits 



J a small team of QA Professpruk yew 
must have the interpersonal dafls to inspire 
others and hefo create a quaKty-consaous 
environraentmroughout the organisation. 

The isademandir^higipro&le post 
offering unparalleled fimhercarear prospects 
to the realty capable, imaginative and practica 
QAspecfafistThe salary package is h^dy 
inviting, and large-company bokfits indude 
low cost ban and mortgage tacfl&ies, non- 
contributoiy pension scheme, free bfe 
assurance aid health care. 


If von can rise to this opportunity, wrfle now 
with toil CV to Nigel Rogers, OrihankSavings. 


St Martin's House, l Hammersnilfa Grove; 

London W60NY 


Citibank Savings O 


(D CD 0 APPOINTMENTS 

ASSISTANT 

PRODUCER 

Current Affairs, 
Television 

West London 

Breakfast Time— Newsnight— Money Programme— Question Time— Panorama — 
ThafsUfe— This Week Next Week. 

Do you wanttowrfc on these BBC^ Television Current Affairs programmes? Do you 
have a strong journalistic background and experience of television production and, 
above all, an abiding interest in pofitical and social events both in Britain and abroad? 

If so. then BBC Television, Current Affairs, may have the opportuntty you seek. 

Assistant Producers are expected to contribute both editorially and technically to 
the devising, preparation and production of programmes. This indudes programme 
research, gallery artdfilm direction, selection and briefing of contributors and the rapid 
shaping of ideasinto written and visualfDim in accordance with theEdltor’s and 

Producer’s brief. 

Salary in the range of £11,492— £15,805** (Ref.1382/T) 

NEWS 

PRODUCER 

Radio Merseyside 

To join the newsroom team working primarily on the preparation and production of the 
station’s news output and current affairs programmes, inducting newsreading, 
interviewing and reporting. In addition, you may produce feature programmes and 
take part in announcing duties. 

Journalistic experience at sub-editor or reporter level, good microphone voice and 
current driving licence are essential. 

Salary £10,412— £14,725**. Based Liverpool. (Ref. 301Q/T) 

REPORTERS 

Radio Cleveland 
Radio Cumbria 

Are you a young, antoitious reporter wito at least three years’ journalistic experience? If 
so, these stations have vacancies that may interest you.^ The work is primarily 
reporting, interviewing, bulletin writing and newsreading. Good microphone voice and 
current driving licence essential. 

Salary £8, 954— £11,110*. 

Radio Cleveland (Based Middlesbrough) (Ref. 3054/T) 

Radio Cumbria (Based Carlisle) (Ref. 3039/T) 

We are an equal 
opportunities employer 

Relocation expenses considered. 

an alkwanceof £1^)20 p^. *Pius an aioManceof ES87 pia. 

Contact us kwnccBatBly for appScatkxifocwi (quote appropriate ref.arafendose&Ae.) 

BBC Appointments, London W1A1AA.TU. 01-927 5799. 


Unemployed? 
Don’t leave your new 



It's hardly surprising that people fail to achieve their 
true potential when they gamble on finding another job 
quickly, or just look through all the job ads. 

At Chusid Lander we believe that whether you’re 
out of work, facing redundancy or just feel you should 
be doing better, the last thing you want is just another job. 

We are a group of specialist career consultants 
who, for the past thirty years, have been helping 
Executives and professional people earning £15,000 plus 
find their true potential and realise their future objectives. 

We've helped many change their lives and we know 
we can do the same for you. 

To arrange an early confidential appointment 
without obligation, telephone your nearest office, 
or alternatively send us your c.v. 'Ref: J/12/1. 


LONDON 01-5806771 MANCHESTER 061-2280089 

BIRMINGHAM 021-6438102 NOTTINGHAM 094937911 

BRISTOL 027222367 GLASGOW 041-3321502 

BELFAST 0232621824 


® CHUSID LANDER 

3E/37 Fitzroy Street London W1P 5AF 


ELECTRONICS 


Person familiar with Engineering and 
Design of Radio Receivers and 
Transmitters, must be knowledgeable in 
Antennae (directional and Loops), 
MmaturisaOon of Receivers and 
Transmitters. Schooling not essential. 


Permanent position. 
Excellent company benefits. 


Contact 

FOX VALLEY SYSTEMS 

0670-713440 


RECRUITMENT CONSULTANTS 


Need young ambitious trainee with outgoing 
personality and motivation for this dynamic, 
axparxEng Accountancy/Financial consultancy, In 
their PubEc Practice Division Basic accountancy 

mg given if 


experience an advantage. Full 
required with excellent career 


Contact David Brett on 01-629 3555. 
70/71 New Bond Street 
London W1Y 9DE. 


MANAGEMENT 

OPPORTUNITY 


an exciting career is open to individuals (22+) 
who are single minded and interested in their 
own future. This is an opportunity to earn over 
£20,000 per anum and earn shares in a 
nationwide group. Please caH Mr Picker sg in on 
01 439 8431. 

Oxford area call Mr Shepherd on 0235 833603. 



RENISHAW whose continued expansion is based upon the 
excellence of ifs products, Is now seeking to appoint an. 


Analyst Programmer 


with a strong background of technical programming projects 
using high-level and Assembler languages. Experience of control 
systems would be a <8stinct advantage. The system presently 
under investigation Include high performance 16 and 32 bit 
microprocessors are] parallel processing. 


There are very real prospects lor advancement in a Company 
3rd of growth has been most impressive- Salaries are 


RENISHAW 


whose recor _ 

compet iti ve and benefits are first-class with a relocation package 
if required- The post wfll be in the pleasant CotswoJd town of 
WoHon-under-Eage but It is no intellectual backwater and high 
levels of achievement are expected. 

If you are Interested please write or 
.phone, (quoting ret. no. R202) to: 
fi S Roberts, Sronp Pbixs&mI Manager, 
RBflSHAW pk, Gtansster Street. 
WettuHnfef-Edfla. 

Bmcsstws&fre GL12 7DN. 

Tel option 0453 842533- 


PUBLIC AFFAIRS 


Expanding independent 
consultancy based in Westminster 
seeks additional Account 
Executives. Applicants must be 
experienced in political lobbying or 
financial PR. 


im 


As part of a small hard-working 
team, the ideal candidate will be 
capable of planning and 
dementing lobbying campaigns 
on behalf of blue chip client 
companies. 

Please apply with full biographical 
details to Box No B54. 


R 


cars* 



Join an elite team with international scope 


Cable and Wireless are an established 
world leader in the highly competitive field 
of telecommunications. We are currently 
operating in over B0 countries exploiting 
the most up to date technology and 
expertise to cover a complete range of 
telecommunication services. 

Vital to present and future success is 
our small team of professionals working in 
our London based IT department. Together 
they offer a top consultancy service to the 
whale group and to expand and strengthen 
the present team, ready to meet new 
demands and additional projects, we are 
looking for 2 IT Engineers. 

It's an excellent opportunity to join 
an important and elite team, holding 
considerable respect within the 
organisation, where you will develop 
your skills and gain a wide understanding 
of all areas of information systems, 
while enjoying the scope for regular 
international travel. 

For both positions you will need to be a 
graduate in electronics, be seif motivated 
with good communications skills and have 
the ability to work as part of a team. 


else 


systems and IBM/PC. Ideally, you Mo- 
have the ability to program in Ba=ic or u. 

[Ref: 562/TJ. 

airline data engineer 

We will expect you to have at' ea ~'- 
2 years experience in IBM IRARS and a 
similar knowledge of Data networks, 
packet switching and telematics. 

You should also be able to show an under- 
standing of Videcom or Travecom systems 
and have worked as an Engineer on Airline 
Reservation Systems covering all aspects 
of the relevant hardware and software. 

[Ref: 561 /T). 


TELEMATIC ENGINEER 

Specifically you will need at least 2 
years experience of telematics in either an 
IT consultancy or telecommunications 
supplier. You will also need a working 
knowledge of the following: * Date 
networks * Packet switching and PABX’s 
* Theory, practice and protocols of 
facsimile, video text, teletex. E, Mail 


If you ere not already qualified you 
should be in the process of gaining forma 
Institution Qualifications for which we will 
provide full support. We also have an 
excellent training programme plus 
exceptional opportunities for you to 
develop your career, both within the 
department or with any of our many 
international operations. 

In return for your contribution, an 
attractive package will include a starting 
salary of C.E14.500, flexible working hours. 
22 days’ annual holiday and contributory 
pension scheme. 

For more information please telephone 
us on 01-405 4980 (3 4 hrs) or write for 
an application form to: The Recruitment 
Manager. Cable and Wireless pic. Mercury 
House, Theobalds Road, London WC 1 X 
8RX quoting the appropriate reference. 



Helps the world communicate 



Tibbett & Britten Group pic 

SPECIALISTS IN DISTRIBUTION 

WAREHOUSE MANAGER £14,000+ 

OPERATIONS PLANNING ASSISTANT c 

£11,000 


Growth plans and internal development lead us to add to our 
management resources now for the future. 


Our frnmediate need is to Invite applications for two a p poi ntm ents in 
our National clothing distribution Division. 


An experienced WAREHOUSE MANAGER is required at our 
Hackney distribution centre as a result of the previous occupant’s 
promotion. You would be responsible for a 3-shift operation handling 
seasonal peaks with 80 staff Including shift management and 
supervision. You will need to demonstrate that this Is one of your 
strengths. If opportunity is one of your reasons for seeking a move, 
we would l&e to discuss your expectations. 


We would Dke a PLANNING ASSISTANT to join our exclusively small 
operations team based at Tottenham and make a creative 
contribution to the Division's warehouse, trunking, collection and 
delivery planning. We see this as a career opportunity for a graduate 
or as development for you if you already have experience in this field. 


The remuneration package will be what you expect from a very 
competitive business. 


Phone us on 01-808 3040 for an application form, on- 
Write to the Group Personnel Manager, enclosing your CVs, at- 
691/697, High Road, Tottenham, N17 8AZ 


Please mark your envelope WAREHOUSE MANAGER or PLANNING 
ASSISTANT. 


ASSISTANT DIRECTOR 

London Office 
Chicago Board of Trade 

Newly created post reporting to Managing Director, European 
operations, in first CBOT office outside USA, initially to market basic 
Futures/Options support for ail CBOT products to European users 
Number Two Europe he or she will handle Marketing , Trade 


i. As 
PR, 


Research and Projects across the whole European user community as 
front-fine to Chicago back-up. 


Written/oral communication sfcffl of prime tinportance with some 
Trade related Exchange experience viz. Cash/Futures/Options, and 
probably University Degree or comparable business qualifications. 
Probably late 20 's early 30's, he or she would ideally have some 
linguistic ability, be familiar with Personal Computers, and have a 
congenial gregarious nature. 


Personal reward on general CBOT terms including car, and usual 
benefits for responsible attractive career appointment 
Written applications with fun CV are Invited in complete confidence by 
Mr P.F. Donnefly, Managing Director, 

CHICAGO BOARD OF TRADE (KMS) 

52/54 Grecechurch Street, London EC3V OEM. 


Chicago Board of Trade 

European Office 


Shepherd Little & 
Associates Ltd 

Banking Recruitment Consultants 


COMPANY SECRETARY 

c£30,000 plus car 


Our Client is an old established British bank who 
now have an opening for an experienced 
Company Secretory. Applications are invited 
from ACIS qualified people who are currently 
working as Company Secretary 's preferably in a 
banking environment Duties win include all 
aspects of Company law. an statutory returns, 
premises (leases and insurance). Keyman 
policies and also acting as secretary to various 
committees including toe pension fund. This 
prestigious position offers an excellent 
opportunity to a self motivated professional. 

Please contact Brenda Shepherd 


OPERATIONS - 

SETTLEMENTS 

to £30,000 


If you are ready to move up to one of toe City's 
leading firms to taka advantage of the increased 
opportunities they can offer, we are currently 
searching for at least three capable securities/ 
bond settlements officers. You should be in your 
(ate twenties or earty thirties, seeking earfy 
promotion opportunities, be an enthusiastic 
motivator of staff, and experienced in 
international or U.K. equities. U.K. gilts or bonds. 
In our opinion these three career openings may 
well be amonst toe best available in toe City earty 
In 1987. 

Please contact David Little 


Ridgway Hosse 41/42 King William Street 
London EC4R 9EN Telephone 01-626 1161 


Are you earning £20.000— £100.000 p.a 
and seeking a new job? 

Connaughfs discreet and successful Execu- 
tive Marketing Programme provides profte- 
siondl excellence in helping you to identify 
those unadvertised vacancies. 

Contact us for a free and confidential 
meeting to assess if we can help you. If you 
are currently abroad ask for our Executive 
Expat Service. 

Telephone: 01-734 3879 (24 hours) 



5 l 


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32 Savile Row. London. W1 
■The Executive^Job Search Profeaai lured 


PORTSMOUTH POLYTECHNIC 


HEAD OF 

COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES 

Ref: 109b 


The person appointed to this new position will be responsible for the 
development of the Polytechnic's comemrdal activities in 
accordance with the provisions of the Further Education Act 1985. 
Applicants should have substantial commercial and financial 
experience, and be professionally qualified to degree leveL 

Experience of Institutions of Higher Education would be an 
advantage. 


Salary: £19,638 - £21,639 

Application forms and further details are available from the 
Personnel Office, Portsmouth Polytechnic, Nuffield Centre, St 
Michaels Road, Portsmouth, Hants POl 2ED. Telephone (0705) 
825451. 

Closing date: 5th January 1987 

Hampshire County Council pursues a policy of eqnality of _ 
opportunity. Applications are particularly welcome from people with 

disabilities. 


40 MILES AROUND NEWBURY 

HILL SAMUEL INVESTMENT SERVICES LTD. 


R«p re Executives aged 25 to 55. with a background 
. in industry. Commerce or the Professions, to be 
named to offer a wide range of Financial Services to 
Businessmen, Professional Intermediaries, 
Individuals and Companies. 


Send C.V. to: 


^ MACKUS1CK, 

Hffl Sanreel Investment Services UiL 
103 Kingsway, London, WC2B 6QX. 


Or telephone: 0608 41866. 



'j t;,_ 
c-.;' 


Attractive Salary Phis Benefits. 



VOMM HI LUIUUM. 

2**™^ Cai ff , e te ,luBm m Engtah, French and 
kS5 I be P ^S^to 30* trat&ig M martatH HI skills ami 

refi1unerahwi Wage benefit package is 

Ptease apply fB confidence ta Box Nc J52. 


Li 




* < -Ji/. 








niii iiwii-a inbK5>0A.X jjtCiiMBER II 1986 


J»p^! t>* * 



GENERAL APPOINTMENTS 


• The Secretariat of the 

EUROPEAN 

parliament 


is Oi^anizing an open competition lo recruit a (m/f) 

HEAD OF DIVISION 

for its London Information Office 

Principal conditions for admission to the competition: 

L. urwerew degree or equivalent professional experience; 

J proven experience in either public relations or journalism; 
n thn™„J?i, Very F?* 1 k " ow ted£e of Community problems; 

~ ofSSf riSS? te ^ Be , of En S ,ish and very good knowledge of another 

Frenrh 1 F*S* {Danish ' Ger ™n, GreekTSpanish. 

taSMfe ^ ^ °r Portuguese); knowledge of other official 
languages of the European Community will be taken into consideration; 
□ nationality of one of the Member States of the 
. European Communities; 

L minimum age: 40 (date of birth before 20 January 1947); 

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT IS AN EQUAL 

OPPORTUNITIES EMPLOYER. 

Closing date for applications: 19 January 1987. 

Copies of the Official Journal containing full details of the competition 
can be obtained by writing, preferably on a postcard, to 

□ European Parliament Information Office, Queen Anne’s Gate 7 
LONDON SW1H.9AA; 

□ or to the European Parliament, Recruitment Service. 

L-2929 LUXEMBOURG; 

quoting reference PE/ 41 / A. 

Applications on the forms contained in the Official Journal should be 
sent to the European Parliament, Recruitment Service, 

L-2929 LUXEMBOURG. 




ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON 
INSTITUTE OF ZOOLOGY 
DIRECTOR OF SCIENCE 

Applications are invited for the post of Director of Science of the Zoological 
Society of London in succession to Professor J P Heam. The Director is 
responsible to the Secretary of the Society for the implementation of 
scientific policy; he, the Chief Executive Officer and the Director of Zoos 
are the senior members of the Society's executive. Scientific activities 
include the programme of the Institute of Zoology, the publications and 
meetings of the Society (through an Assistant Director of Science) and the 
Library. The Institute carries out basic and applied research in animal 
physiology with relevance to agriculture, conservation and medicine. Close 
collaboration is fostered with the Universities, Research Council institutes 
and hospitals in the UK, and with similar institutions abroad. There are 
approximately 100 staff including associates. About 50% of the funding is 
raised through applications to grant-awarding bodies. 

Candidates should have a substantial record of biological research and 
management experience. Currently the salary for the post starts at 
£23,730, being equivalent to the open structure grade 5 of the Civil Service 
scale in four incremental steps plus London Weighting of £1 ,395. 

Applications, with fnU C.V., list of pubticafi«is and the names of three persons 
willing to act as referees, should be seat to the Chief Executive Officer, The 
Zoological Society of London, Regents’s Park, London NW1 4RY to arrive by 31st 
January 1987. Farther details caH be provided on request 


Financial Accounting 
Manager 

Satchwell Control Systems of Slough is a leader in its field 
producing advanced environmental control and energy 
management systems. 

The company needs a mature chartered accountant to assume 
control of all financial accounting activities, organising and 
motivating a team of over 20 people. 

Previous experience should include purchase and sales ledger, 
credit control, export, treasury and the preparation of statutory 
accounts and consolidation schedules. It would be an advantage 
to be familiar with the use of on-line computers and micro-based 
systems. 

If you would enjoy the challenge of working in a busy, 
successful company, please contact: J. Dunlop, 

Satchwell Control Systems Ltd., P.O. Box 57, Famham Road, 
Slough, Berks SL1 4UH. 


Career opportunity requiring receptive mind and a sense of urgency to work in a fast 

changing environment 

OPERATIONAL MANAGEMENT 

£17,000 -£19,000 

in one of the most dynamic markets in The Stock Exchange - Traded Options 


The importance of Systems Operations 

Management of the trade matching and trading support systems is 
a key operational activity crucial to the future expansion of the 
Traded Options Market 

You wilt make it happen 

You will be the operational controfler dealing with immediate 
problems calling for quick solutions, either resolving the situation 
yourself or knowing when to cafl in technical support from other 
departments. Other mportant aspects of this rale are the 
continuing systems development activities, introducing new 


procedures, improving the smooth running of the services under 
your control and the training of subordinates, shift supervisors and 
operators. 

Operational management skills developed to middle management 
or as a team leader preferably in a technical or systems related role 
win be important. A finandal/securities industry background will be 
an advantage, however you must have a gut feelfor the speed and 
implications of operating in a market environment. 

Excellent fringe benefits include free travel, BUPA and 
non-axrtributory pension. 


Please reply with full CVto: Jennifer Gregson, Personnel Manager, The International Stock Exchange 
of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland Limited, 

Old Broad Street, London EC2N 1 HP. Tel: 01-588 2355 ext 28123. 

THE STOCK EXCHANGE 


Chief Executive 

£25-28,000 Telford 

The Hashes Processing Industry Training Board is 
the statutory body, responsible for manpower and 
training - both in its implementation ana development 
- throughout the plastics processing industry. The 
Board's major objective is to develop an effective 
training strategy for the future, especially vital m this 
technically progressive and fast moving industry. 

This new role has been created with the aim of 
developing even further training provision and 
content. Initially; your brief will be to evaluate the 
Board's performance and make recommendations for 
improvements. Leading a team of 60 professionals 
you'll be actively involved in medium and long term 




consultation with Trade Associations, industrial 
committees, the MSC and other regional Board 
professionals. Directly concerned with the formulation 
and recommendation of policy, your role will demand 
highly developed presentational skills. 

Aged 35-47 ana preferably degree educated, you 
should be able to demonstrate a successful record of 
management achievement within manufacturing 
industry. Currently in a senior role, and contributing at 




and intellectual abilities will naturally be aL-rmented 
by proven leadership qualities. An appreciation of 
training complemented by financial expertise is also 
essential. Possibly even more important is the 
innovative flair and professional farsightedness 
needed for a role so intimately concerned with the 
future of tin's industry. 

An impressive negotiable rewards package in the 
region of £25-28,000 is offered together with a quality 
car, contributory pension and relocation assistance to 
Telford. 

. Mease send complete details of your experience to: 
Joseph Duncan, Management Selection Service, PER, 
4th Floor, Rex House, 4-12 Regent Street, 

London SW1Y4PP. 


■PER Management Selection 





Systems Technology 
Engineer 

Worksop, North Notts. 

Steetiey Refractories Limited, wish to appoint a 
Systems Technology Engineer to be responsible 
to the Operations Director, for the identification 
of potential markets and products within the 
various refractory sectors: to produce advice on 
refractory design and product modification in 
line with anticipated changes in process 
technology, and conduct research into specific 
areas of refractory development. 

This is a highly specialised position requiring a 
multi-disciplined approach. Candidates must be 
able to demonstrate considerable commercial 
awareness and judgement, possess a 2nd 
Degree in a MetaDurgically related subject and 
be of Chartered Engineer Status. 

Attractive terms and conditions of employment 
are offered together with a salary 
commensurate with qualifications and 
experience. 

Write with fuUc.v. to Bob Pont, PER, Chesham 
House, Charter Row, Sheffield Si 3EB. 


BriUtiri's. Latest ■ Lwcutlwfycnathie^ 


Financial Planning 
and Control 

West End to £26,000 + car 

~ „ m-iar in ternati onal group with operating sub s idiaries in the UK and 

E^o^frica, AusfaalfaShe UnSstates and turnover of aronnd£400 million. It 
^T^rket^der in its field of specialist services and has a consistent record of 

profitable growth. 

the Finance Director, you wffl join a small team^at corporate headquarters 


assessment of the plans and operating pertoance of the group’s 
“JSSr YbuwSl have a close working relationship with subsidiary company 

StaLiySff 532® will be some overaem travel. 

- , Orta VOU will be a qualified accountant or business graduate with 

In your ^ appraisal and with a thorough appreciation of the 

proven ability m stiD be in the profession or alternatively in 

dS diversified group. The opportauito for career 
areerceUent and there are generous fringe benefits. 

., - confidence to John Cameron, quoting ret CT725, at 84/86 Grays Inn 
Kf M WClX^ SAE^ telephone: 01-404 597^. 

CAMERON • SIMPSON 

Consultancy ■ Search ■ Selection 


EXPORT SALES 
EXECUTIVE 

Ruberiod building products is 2 well established market leader in 
bituminous roofing and allied products. 

Due to 2 recent promotion an energetic export executive is required to be 
based at our Enfield headquarters. Reporting to the manager of the export 
department you will probably be aged 28-35 with a background in export 
sales (preferably building materials). Visits (maximum 3-4 weeks) will be 
necessary to some of our 70 plus overseas markets. Fluency in a foreign 
language would be an advantage. 

In return we offer an attractive salary and benefits, Please telephone for an 
application form, or send full GV. quoting present salary to> 

Sne (Hies, Personnel Manager, 




Brimsdown, Enfield, Mi d dlesex EN3 7PP. 

Tel: 01-805 3434 

A member of the Ruberiod Group of Companies 


THEDIRECTLINETOYOURNEWCAREER . 



A 


Director 

PR0UDMAN OCEANOGRAPHIC LABORATORY 
BIDSTON OBSERVATORY 

up to £27,065 

The Proud man Oceanographic Laboratory at the Bidston 
Observatory, formerly a component of the Institute of 
Oceanographic Sciences, will be established as an 
independent laboratory within the NERC Marine Sciences 
Directorate from April 1987. The Director of foe Laboratory 
will be responsible to the Director Marine Sciences tor the 
leadership of the scientific programmes based at the 
Laboratory and for the management, scientific quality and 
productivity of the 70 staff based there. 

The programme of research at the Laboratory will initially 
follow that presently undertaken with the emphasis on Tides 
and Sea Level and Physics of Shelf Seas and their margins, 
including aspects of the NERC component of the UK North 
Sea Project. 

The Director will represent the Laboratory and where 
appropriate NERC, to outside bodies, including government 
departments and commercial customers to enhance the 
impact of the science and the ability of the Laboratory to 
attract financial support He/She will also consolidate and 
increase scientific links with Universities and other relevant 
bodies, and liaise with other parts of the Marine Sciences 
Directorate and of NERC. 

The Director will be a Marine Physicist of international 
standing capable of furthering the Laboratory’s reputation as 
a centre of excellence in oceanographic research. 

The appointment is pensionable under the NERC super- 
annuation scheme. Terms and conditions are similar to those 
in the British Civil Service. 

Application forms may be obtained from Mr W Hall at the 
address given below or by telephoning (0793) 40101 extn. 
423. Completed applications, including a full CV should be 
sent to the Establishment Officer, Natural Environment 
Research Council, Polaris House, North Star Avenue, 
Swindon, Wilts SN2 1EU, not later than 9 January 1987. 

The Natural Environment Research Council rs an Equal 
Opportunities Employer. All jobs in the UK are open to men 
and women of all ethnic groups and the Council also 
welcomes applications from disabled people. 


Natural 
Environment 
Research 
Council 


Badenoch& Clark 


CORPORATE PLANNING — 
FINANCIAL SERVICES 
cJC20,000 + Car + Benefits 

The Finance director of a specialist division of an international banking 
group is seeking a graduate ACA or MBA urith two years' relevant PQE to 
assist, in a project-based capacity, in the development of group strategic 
and profitability analyses, using finanadal modelling techniques. 

Applicants must possess strong communications skills and good general 
business awareness together with a capacity to innovate and to work 
independently 

The position will be based in the West End and will attract the normal 
range of banking benefits. 

For further details of this and other current opportunities, please contact 
Philippa DiOey on 01-583 0073 or Robert Digby (who can be reached 
outside office hoursonQl-870 1896). 


Financial Recruitment Specialists 
16-18 New Bridge St, London EC4V 6AU 
Telephone 01-583 0073 


UNITED SUPPLIERS & CONTRACTORS LTD 

MEDICAL BUYER 

Salary/commission Neg AAE 

We are an International Company based in Central London seeking a buyer with 
a min of 5 years relevant exp in Disposable Medical Supplies. Good negotiating 
skills, a sound knowledge of the UK manufacturers and markets and experience 
in the shipptog/handling procedures is essential. 

Apply to confidence to Mr A El-Tanani 491 0770 

United Suppliers and Contractors Ltd 


People 








36 


THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER H 1986 


( HORIZONS)) 


A guide to 
career development 


The testing times that lie ahead 


Tests for personality 
and intelligence are an 
increasingly popular 


employer’s tool when 


assessing a candidate’s 


ability. Miranda Hughes 
in the second of a 


two-part series 



Employers today often use personality 
and intelligence tests to assess potential 
candidates. These tests have been de- 
vised to give an objective and quanti- 
tative assessment. They contain 
absolutely no magic (despite the feet that 
they are known by the awe-inspiring 
term 'psychometric tests'). 

If you are confronted with such a test, 
the best strategy is to take a deep breath 
and to work through the questions 
quickly and honestly. 

Personality tests are designed to assess 
people on qualities such as leadership, 
social responsibility and orderliness. The 
most widely used test is CattelTs 16PF, 
which measures 16 -personality factors". 

It has been developed in the US over 
the past 30 years, and its accuracy has 
been validated with several groups of 


personality tests so honesty is the best 


S olicy. As yet, no one has been able to do- 
ne ' ' ' 


A deep breath and a quick, 
truthful reply is called for 


people in the UK Of all the tests in use, 
this one is probably the most academi- 
cally respectable, but you may come 
across other tests such as Myers-Briggs, 
disc., and OPQ. 

Most tests require you to respond to 
statements such as "authority should 
generally be respected" or, "I always 
reply to fetters on the day I receive 
them". Sometimes you may be asked to 
pick one of four words which best 
describe how you. see yourself 

For example, you could choose one of 
authoritarian, friendly easy-going, God- 
fearing; from the same set, you would 
then be asked to choose the word which 
best describes how others see you. 

Statistical analysis of how people 
answer these types of questions has 
enabled psychologists to identify specific 
personality traits on which individuals 
may achieve a range of semes. 

For instance, person A may be low on 
extraversion, a little above average on 
general anxiety and high on social 
responsibility (possibly an accountant or 
a vicar); whereas person B may be the ex- 
act convene — highly extrovert, not 
particularly anxious about life, and not 
desperate to conform to social norms 
(possibly an actor, although he too could 
be a vicar). 

It is important to recognize that there 
are no “right” or “wrong” answers in 


ine ideal personality profiles for particu- 
lar jots, so these tests are purely 
descriptive. 

Indeed, none of these tests can 
.guarantee to give a wholly accurate 
picture of an individual, and no sdf- 
respecting firm would ever use them to 
reject (or accept) a candidate without an 
interview. 

If you complete such a test, employers 
should be prepared to discuss the results 
with you. Sometimes you will find the 
results surprising, and you should be 
prepared to point out how yon believe 
they feil to describe you accurately. In 
the ideal professional assessment, a 
psychologist will have administered and 
scored the test and will be able to 
respond to your criticism. 

In summary, personality tests are not 
infallible; they should not be used by 
unqualified personnel but prefereabfy by 
psychologists, and they should upset no 
one. And remember, if you don't like the 
way they describe you there are two 
alternatives — either the test is a dud, or 
you can start working out how to change 
yourself for the better. 

Intelligence tests are a rather different 
matter, they are designed to test the level 
of an individual's basic ability, and can 
be used to identify individuals who 
might be unsuited to professional 
careers. 

Most such tests distinguish three 
aspects of intelligence: verbal ability, 
numerical ability and the ability to deal 
with spatial concepts. For example, some 
verbal items may test your ability to 
develop a logical argument from a set of 
written premises, whereas spatial items 
may test your ability to deal with such 
concepts as image rotation and 
representation. 

Recent tests have been developed with 
reference to particular sets of skills, so 

men t) took* at veibafdS^tenns of 
ability to work with management 
information, and numerical skills in 
terms of the ability to interpret (and use) 
information from tales and graphs. 

There are many reasons why people 
feil to do themselves justice on these 
tests, some of which can be overcome 
simply by being adequately prepared. 
There are several books available (of the 


test your own IQ genre) which contain 
the sort of questions used in tests, and 
these can be used to gain familiarity and 
confidence. 

As with personality tests, intelligence 
tests should never be administered or 
scored by untrained personnel Qualified 
psychologists know how the tests are 
constructed, and their interpretation of 
data makes use of this knowledge and 
recognizes the limitations of the tests. 

In particular, than are some common 
misconceptions about intelligence tests 
which mate* th eir use by the untrained, 
potentially dangerous. There are two 
important issues which are worth 
mentioning here. 

First, intelligence is dynamic — people 
can become more intelligent by using 
their skills, or less intelligent by allowing 


An objective analysis of 
strengths and weaknesses 


their skills to atrophy through disuse. 
Second, intelligence tests are not “cul- 
ture free" — they should not be used to 
compare individuals from significantly 
different cultural backgrounds. 

Psychometric testing can, and does, 
provide useful measurement tools for 
employers, and prospective employees 
need not be intimidated by them. 

In the past, testing Iras been success- 
fully used to provide information on 
senior executives in firms which have 
been recently taken-over, thereby en- 
abling new management to have an 
objective analysis of their employees' 
strengths and weaknesses. 

It is also highly appropriate in the 
selection of senior executives for po- 
sitions which require certain personality 
characteristics, such as the ability to 
withstand stress, push throu gh unpalat- 
able decisions, or create a new strategic 
direction for the business. 

At the other end of the scale it has been 
used for prospective entrants to a Youth 
Training Scheme. Employers using these 
tests are paving the way to improved 
selection methods. While the tests may 
not yet be perfect they are a step in the 
right direction for achieving the best 
employee-employer match. 


• Miranda Hughes is a psychologist and 
oftheBritu 


an Associate of the British Psychological 
Society. 



PART-QUALIFIED 

ACCOUNTANTS 


Robert waiters Associates is establishing an enviable reputation for tlie 
provision of exciting career moves for young, pan-qualifiecf ICMA's and 
ACCAs. Below is a small selection of the wide range of vacancies we are 

currently liandling: 


Investment Bank Trader Support Central London 

Superb working conditions and outstanding prospects distinguish 
this iiigh profile role in top US Bank. Good inter-personal skills 
essential, cxit.ooo package. 

Hi-Tech Financial Analysis Berkshire 

1GMA Finalist required to fill challenging role - preparation of monthly 
reporting package, treasury management, staff tesponsibilitv. 

C£ 14.000. 

FMCG Marketing Accountant Surrey 

Dynamic, sales-orientated company . with large number of brand 
leaders, seek confident young PQ to provide financial control and 
planning for specific products. c£ 12.500. 

Merchant Bank Management Accountant City 

Management reporting and systems development for various 
divisions already active in new trading areas. c.jtio.OOO package. 


Peri taps you do not wish to move now. Ijui are seeking career guidance 
regarding tlie options available to you. Our ■Non-Active Option' enables young 
Accountants to keep an eye on the market, wiiliout meir C\”s being 
circulated, in order that they might choose exactly the right time to move. 


Telephone SIMON MALLOKI or MARK WAINWRIGHT on 01-93U 7850. 


ROBERT • WALTERS • ASSOCIATES 


RECRUITMENT CONSULTANTS 
66-68 Haymarket London SWtv 4RF Telephone: 01-930 7850 


FINANCIAL 

CONTROLLER 


£25,000+ 


Qualified ACA/ACCA to take control of all 
aspects of finance within a Securities company 
Wl. The successful candidate will be 


in 


experienced within an Investments/Securities 
house with accounting knowledge of bonds and 
fixed interest investments. 


Please telephone Shdsgh AraeS on 583 1661 


ASB RECRUITMENT 

SO Fleet Street, London EC4Y 1BE 


Could you 

RENT 


Kensington Homes? 

We need i sdr-mouvaicd. car driving Rentals Executive in our 
Rentals Department. Drive aa d personality are more 
important than experience 
CALL SUZANNE ON 581 3623. 
SAUNDERS OF KENSINGTON. 


RETAIL APPOINTMENTS 


LANDIS&GYR 


Speciality Papers Scotland 

GB Pipers is n ™nu- 


and security D ^ b , e division of the 

the Company is a highly A 


Product Manager 
Dosmetic Heating Controls 
West London 


Landis & Gyr is a major international group with sales of over£600rnJ6,0^ 


iaiarinieinou«j"c*' — . .. mn n'er 

employees and a record of substantial growth and su^ A ff r „ “Jitinn’ma 


employees ana a recora oi S u ronditioning 

based Energy Management Systems and Heating and A.r Condition, g 

Controls. 

Now Europe's market leader across this industry sector, we are . • 

ing our resources to develop the market for Domestic Heating 
the U.K. h 

Reporting to the Marketing Manager, your prime responsrbj 'W w 
research and recommend business plans for the Domestic Ma ket. . 

enhance our product range in order to meet customer needs dose 

further our growing market position. The post will involve worki 9 
liaison with Group Manufacturing Staff. Senior Sales ® n * i 
Management to ensure the sales force has both the capability and the will to 

achieve our growth and profits targets. 

You should have a proven record of success in a marketing, sales or technics 
support environment preferably, backed by a good knowledge 
Domestic Heating market Commercial flair plus first class communication 
and interpersonal skills are essential. A technical understanding o, me 
product is desirable. 

We offer an attractive salary and a choice of quality company car, together 
with the excellent benefits you would expect from a large, successtu 
company. CareeropportunitiesarefirstcJass in this expanding environment. 
Please write with full CV to: Bryan McPaul. Personnel Manager, Comfort 
Control Group, Landis & Gyr Limited, Victoria Road. London W3 5X&. 
Tel: 01-932 5311. 


lameVRiver Corporation of Virynia. U-SA-. one 

of the world* leading paper manu ^ ur ^' 

This key appointment, reporting .a the 

Director and General Manager. « based ache 
heSqu alters near St. Andrews The succ^fol 
applicant will give a « ra ng professional^ lead » 
the marketing and sales effort- This wr.l tnd-de 
disciplined planning procedures connected wth 
die long range marketing strategy, the imaginative 
promotion If branded products, as 
a key role in major accounts liaison and, along 
with the National Sales Manager; in motivating 

the 35 . 45 , will be able to 

demonstrate significant past relevant achieve- 
ment. net necessarily in the paper mausiry. 

A highly competitive package is envisaged. 

Please send a full GV. to: 
C.N. Henderson, Director & 
General Manager, GB Papers, 
Guardbridge, St. Andrews, 
« Fife, KY16 QUU. 

GB Papers 




c ? 


RETAIL 

DIRECTOR 

£ Negotiable + Car 


North West 

Take responsibility for Retail Profit performance in a . 
Development Company tasked with upgrading its retail 
estate with Group investment support 

Our Client: Regional Operating Company turning over £76 million • 

. Corporate staff 2.000 • Part of a major national brewing group. 

Retail Division: Comprises tied estate of 160 properties throughout 
Cumbria. Lancs and Cheshire • Committed to a programme of 
acquisition and new builds, representing last word in retail concept, 
facilities and technology. 

tour Role: Provide authoritative leadership to Retail Division • 
Estate development and business planning • Objective setting and 
performance appraisal • Specification and monitoring of corporate 
standards • Represent Company at Group level on all Retail issues. 

Ideal Candidate: Mature management professional aged 30-40 of 
graduate ability • Background in multi-site retailing • Minimum 5 
years planning and profit accountability for 25-plus sites in catering 
and leisure Industry • Proficient in site-by-site marketing and sales 
promotion • Training and management development. 

ACT NOW. Telephone the Company's adviser Ian Hamilton BSc 
MBA on 01-388 2051 or 01-388 2055 (night service). 

Please quote Ref 1049. 


DO YOU WANT TO RUN 
YOUR OWN SHOW? 

AS a Kinqsway Branch Office Manager you can. You 
wHI be in charge of our new Central London Branch 
that wiff tie assessed as a separata ■gra® 
the effort that you make, will be both acknowledged 
and rewarded. 

As Manaqsr you win be responsible for dealing with 
both clients and job seekers, as well as your own 
staff. We will be expecting you to go out ana secure 
new business. 

This means that you will need to have the kind of 
successful background gained in the recruitment 
consultancy industry or a comparable fast mowng 
sales environment that win enable you to develop a 
rapport with the many company clients that you will 
be dealing with. 

Of course, the job is a demanding one that wifi 
require you to have a proven ability to manage an 
enthusiastic team and although you may run the 
show we'fl provide comprehensive backup and 
training. 

An outstanding salary package, conducive with a 
position at this level is offered. 

If you relish a fresh challenge in 1987 and already 
manage a recruitment consultancy or feel that you 
have the right qualities of leadership to, then 
telephone 01-631 1114 for an appointment or send a 
fun CV to: 

Paul Jacobs, 

Kings way Recruitment Consultants, 

Atfia House, PO Box 1AL, 

84-86 Regent Street, London W1A 1 AL 


M 


MERTON ASSOCIATES {CONSULTANTS) LIMITED. 

Merton HoTiS'S. 70 Graft, on Way: London V.'l P'SLN • 

Executive Soj'Ch And Management Consultants 


SALES MANAGER 
(INDUSTRIAL 
GASSES) 


Smafl upanting Company 
require a oo-aheM expenowd 

Salesperson id operate end 

contort the Safes are) EbstnMion 

of Industrial Gasses in South East 

London & North Kert Ties is a 

new portion which will load to a 

possoe OxecTOrstxp m the 
Mure. Salary nwofflWe. 
Execuwa company tar. Pension 

& (KkthI frnge benefits. Ptesse 

apply in wring in the Ira 
instance together nth CV to: 


Mr P Frost. PO Box 10, 

Sevenoaks, Kent 


INTERNATIONAL 

SPORTS 

MANAGEMENT 

Accum Eaeadfre Z2-26. 

£15.000 indufing bonuses. 

As the county sieving 

Company in Sports 
Eotartainiunt we are seeking a 

dynamic Salas Person to join our 

Sales Tom. The succemd 

applicant irii be involved m a 
substantial anoint of Telephone 
Sales work and therartter 

Corwrri* Entertmrwit at 

Ascot. Henley. Brits!* Open, 
Wenfafedon, etc. 

Please said C.V. tn Mataira BUI 

EVENTS HOSPITALITY, 

SOUTHABMR HOUSE. 

BUCK PRINCE ROM). 

LONDON SE17SJ. 

TetOI -582 8246 


. THE 

BENTLEY CENTRE 


Due to the Bentley Centre's unparalleled success. I 
am looking for a professional Sales Executive with a 
good record in selling and achievements. If you are 
such a person, please send me your CV^ 

Ari Sperting, General Manager, BLR. Owe* Ltd- 
17 Berkeley Street, London W1X (SHY. 


Ambitious young 

SALESPEOPLE 

c.£9,000 |xa. + car + benefits 


Our client is a highly successful and profitable consumer 
goods Company, operating autonomously as pari of a 
major U.S. mufti -national Group. High quality products 
and an incisive approach to Sales and Marketing have 
produced unrivalled market leadership and an enviable 
growth record. 

Continued expansion and commitment to an aggressive 
programme have created several exciting opportunities 
tor young, dynamic and ambitious Salespeople in the 
Grocery and Retail sectors with the daily challenge of 
improving The visibility ot products instore and increasing 
volume of business through existing outlets 
Ybu should have a mmimum of two G.C.E w levels or 
have recently graduated, be numerate and be able lo 
present a professional image No previous experience «s 
necessary as our Client will provide an intensive Sales 
training programme 

Your abilities will be tested tully but. it successful, you 
could quickly progress to became a Sales Manager 
Please send full details to Christine Armand. John Hunt 
Associates. Ashley House, Ashley Green Road. Chesham. 
Buckinghamshire. HP5 3PE 

JOHN HUNT f f i 

ASSOCIATES J| 


PERSONNEL 

CONSULTANTS 


A NEW CHALLENGE 


Docs your career need new direction? We now have three Offices 
in and around London and we are now continuing m expand in 
London. SE and Home Counties. We are looking for people who 
have the wifi to cam an income of £15.000 to 130,000 pa. bat 
above alL they must be idf motivated and prepared to pit above 
average effort into the Financial Services Industry to receive above 
average income. The soccesfnJ appbcsnt could be or an Exeotive 
grade or jon a single minded, ambitious indivutruaL Applicants 
under the age 25 are unlikely to be considered. 

Tefc 01-773 2818 


THE ARCHITECTURAL 
PRESS LTD. 


A top sales professional of undoubted abffity is 
needed to join the small but highly successful 
advertisement sales team working on the 
internationally acclaimed ARCHITECTURAL REVIEW. 


Primarily responsible for advertismem sales to dtents 
and agents in London and the Home Counties, the 
right person must demonstrate the talent and ability to 
sell into this fiercely competitive market, and manage 
the sales department in the advertisement managers 
absence. After two years of outstanding growth, we 
are now determined to succeed In the international 
advertising marketplace and, quite obviously, 
experience in this field would be an advantage, as 
would be a second language. 


Apply in writing, or telephone, stating current position 
and salary to: 

Rlchard Maguire, 

Advertisement Manager, 

The Architectural Review, 

9. Queen Anne's Gate, 

London SW1H 9BY 
Tet 01-222 4333 (Ext 383} 


Intemational Marketing 

quality Scottish products 


• This is a unique career development appointment with a 
prestigious independent Scottish group who produce and market quality 
products internationally. The job will embrace strategic and 
operational marketing with close involvement with sales and major 
customers. A key task will be to continue the already 
successful diversification and product development programme. The 
appointed candidate, a graduate aged 26 to 33, will have a 
strong premium brand management background and be attracted to the 
concept of marketing quality products. Prospects are 
excellent for a marketing specialist of board calibre within this expanding 
group of companies. Salary negotiable over £20,000; car, 
pension scheme, relocation costs and other benefits. Please write 
in confidence, with full career details to A.W.B. Thomson, 
as adviser to the group, at Selection Thomson Ltd., 115 Mount Street, 
London Wl Y 5HD or 14 Sandyford Place, Glasgow G3 7NB. 


Selection Thomson 

London and Glasgow 




t. 




RETAIL^ 

APPOINTMElVfs 


ARE YOU 
CONSIDER! HG 
A MOVE m 
COMPUTER SALES? 


You mSy no ham considered 
using n recruitment consuttaxy 
that specialises in computer 
sales positions and ml! be 
surprised at the number of 

jnsraa avaiUHe. 

For sample IBM 56.38 SALES: 
leasing ca DIE E40K. ear. BUPA. 
MIN / SOFTWARE SALES to 
government aid local xfltama 
OTE E34K, Of, P.P.P. 
MICR0/HULT1-USER SALES. 
Quafity award (taler. OTE £40K, 
Person. BUPA. ML Car. 
TELESALES - Software 
OBWtotor OTE E13K. 

SYSTEMS SOFTWARE MANAGE 
ILS. systems co. 07E no csQng. 
pension. BUPA 

Bask sataria reuse from OK 
to E25K asd lire above poHus 
a Indian of Base 

Hat may ow*r to 


For further details contact 
Carafe Ine m me Mmfcr. on 
PI-439 4911. Ian WMraaoss 


Wtfi 


COMMUNICATIONS 


Small solection of our 
UK. salsa and 
marketing vac anci es. 

TELECOMS BASK OTE 

wax is* sax 

•townpow BK SOK 

FAX IK 2SX 

Ca* Lag i3K Z&i 

Mai Aoc& IOC 40K 

DATA C0MM3 

LAN's 20K 40K 

Syswns iQK MX 

Trainees 12K 25K 

MANAGEMENT 

gataeoma 20* 36K 

OIK IK 33K 

EPOS 1SK 35* 

9 Wi n Vitae U MOW UW 




or ikssksbC 

peOBwiSrsaa 


mi Sfl ttSflsa Pn 
(0378) 77177 or 
es. 7 tarn ft) 


*s T» Industry 


Fncincs. 
tsswcwip 4HA 


- PS 
AWL Eny 


QUICK 

HTBNUnMU. emuas 


SALES BSMESEITATTVE 
to won mmi Cm LoMon. 
Appeals w*> mafaf mmk. moa 
M tn nwtrwed «*ti i fear to 
Mass, ml itaM ba Mr to dMbv 1 
mw ma rawfl n me n onary 
tbs oust offers enMtnT mopecs 
actang 1 ycngnio base saury. 
anWftycvmd ' 


Apdy in Mimon) 

MrR OWford 

CUtk Weaawd Ccsnra UX. UN is. 
Centra Tndva Esuk. Sores. Wdotan 
TWU 4XL 



GRAMPIAN TELEVISION 


NEW BUSINESS EXECUTIVE 


We need a New Business Execuitve to work in our 
busy London Sales Office, if you think you can sell, 
converse at ail levels within client companies, develop 
your own ideas and present them, you may be the 
person we are looking for. 


Experience in television is not essential, sales ability, 
enthusiasm and ambition are. 


The successful candidate will probably be aged over 
twenty two and looking for. 


Write now (with full C.V.) to 
Mark Cullen, 
Grampian Television Pic, 
29 Glasshouse Street, 
London W1R 5RG 


U.K. RECRUITMENT 
MANAGER 


We are a company supplying recruitment services across a 
broad range but within a specialist market sector. We seek an 
experienced manager to coordinate these services and direct 
the next stage of our expansion. 


Y ou have a sound experience of a specialist recruitment sector 
and have ihat rare quality of being able to do the job yourself 

Xr^"oV rc ab,e “ 661 resui,s throueh the 


5 e ul ~ Will involve taking charge of an alread 
established team of very talented people and realizing thei 
foil potential. You wUL in addition to being a first class ma: 
manager, be able to analyse the market place and control ih 
whole of the marketing operation. 


You will probably be in your 30’s and have the character to 
take total responsibility for the division. 


Salary, car, etc. will be commensurate with the position. 

Reply to Box B80. 


3 


* 
























•ility Pspfcrs ^ 


THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 11 1986 



BANKING & ACCOUNTANCY 


.y- - 1 — V " . - . 



ftiptTS 


1 vcu 

/OUR 


■c.. 

i ” ■■£n . 

: ;■ >; 


DwJj. 
.. *— cap,„ « 
"V. S: -A^ 


SHO® 


^ * 


■-• .. 


X Hi 

\NA 


.. ! L \ 1 

\ t J . ' 


SALARIED PARTNER - WEST COUNTRY 

ACA’s 28-35 o£ 22,500 

“J ie P eiK ^ n t ^fest Counby fina of chartered accountants which has enjoyed rapid 

Sr^uit a qeueral taJS**? 1 ?? efiective approach to client advisory work. It has an urgent need 
general practice salaried partner to mn a new office. 

strorwamSS? in ± e ? ahould ideally have good academic and professional backgrounds with a 

SSL cbB S : 9ene ?I ****“ work. kridi&m. candidates Acrid democrat* proven 
araHfaes and have the personal and professional attributes to take on immediate partner 


Pto^pects to fuS equity participation exist in the short teem (3 years). 


! Stead. London WC 2 R ONS. TfeL 01-836 9501 

*^^^sssss^ssssss, ,« 

U 3/115 George Street, Edinburgh EH 2 4 JN. Tel: 031-225 7744 
Brook Hqum, 77 Fountain Street 
MsaduMtertC 2EE.Tri: 061-236 1553 


Ouugtai IMM AaodMsUmmd 
AasuntoneyA Management 


Account Officer 

The AAA rated Swiss Bank Corporaiion is one of the largest banks in 
Switzerland with a major presence in international financial markets. 
Our reputation is for excellent service and professionalism. 

The City based London Office requires an Account Officer to expand 
the bank’s commercial business in the United Kingdom with companies 
of Scandinavian and Benelux origin Responsibility is for marketing 
and management of the portfolio in this new area of activity for the 
bank. 

Candidates should have at least 2 years' relevant experience with an 
international bank or similar organisation. 

Salary is negotiable plus excellent banking benefits. 

Full curriculum vitae to Christopher Jansen -Vice President-Personnel. 

i Swiss Bank Corporation 

99 Gresham Street, London EC2P 2BR 





xmewi&xy owTOtfTs wcy» 


QUALIFIED 

ACCOUNTANT 

Reg no. A1/46 

A Young Aoounraro s rem/ired bv 
< upidiy expanding company 
oflewig Eia 000 p* + nceuem 
package Far lurt irer details 
contact 

Pan Baiev on 01-626 9631 . 

| RELIANCE EXECUTIVE 
[Jap *gy UMU N. SEPJZST 2 


JOB 1 

HUNTING? 1 


If yon are reassessing your 
career or seeking your first 
position as an accountant then 
read on. 

The Oyez Accountants 
Appointment Register presents your 
c.v. each month to a wide n umber of 
potential new employers quickly, 
simply and absolutely free! 

All you have to do is just complete 
one specially designed application 
form, w hic h rrmmlmlg flU (hp 
relevant information about your 
professional and personal qualities. 
This is then included in the 
Accounts Register for a period 
specified by you. (Naturally, your 


I would Qu to register n a candidate, 
plcMvMnd m an ?nfc» pwk 


identity is withheld until interested 
firms request an interview. You are 
also able to exclude specific firms or 
locations). 

The Oyez Accountants 
Appointment Register is, quite 
simply, the fastest and most precise 
way to announce your availability, 
in complete co nfidence, to the 
widest number of potential 
employers. 

To find out more send today, 
without obligation, for a free 
Candidate Pack. 



RECRUITMENT 

CONSULTANTS 

£20,000+ NEGOTIABLE 

We are a leading financial recruitment consultancy with an enviable record of 
growth achieved by a team of highly motivated, professional and talented 
Consultants. 

Our Company is well placed and ambitious to continue developing and we seek a 
number of experienced Consultants to contribute to our business plans for 1987 
and beyond. These opportunities will be attractive to those who are clear as to 
their personal goals and relate these to the ability to influence decisions and 
achieve results in an environment of organisational change. 

With such candidates, we will negotiate a first class remuneration pac ka g e, 
which will include the o pportu nity to qualify for a company car and to mnrinne 
rapid career development based upon recognition of achievement. 

Please te l nphnnfi or send your C.V. to CoKw WaiTm-fimwnl Manage r 


The Institute of Chartered 
Accountants in England and Wales 

We have an immediate vacancy for a 
Chartered Accountant in our 
Professional Conduct Department: 

INSOLVENCY 

A Chartered Accountant is required to 
service the Investigation Committee 
and to deal with companies against 
insolvency practitioners and others. 
Previous experience of insolvency work 
is essential. Salary up to £21,000. 
This appointment is based in our 
Milton Keynes Office: 

Please apply enclosing 
current c.v to: 

Mr BJ. Weston 
Personnel Manager 
The Institute of 
Chartered Accountants 
in England and Wales 
Gloucester House 
399 Silbnry Boulevard 
Central Milton Keynes 
MK9 ZHL 


Tel: 01-242 6321 

Personnel Resources 75 Gray’s Inn Road London WC1X8US 


mi CVKTTTVri (if 

CHARTERED 

ACCOUNTANTS 


IN ENGLAND* KALB. 


sss ssss 


■\$* 



Accountants 

Appointment 

Register 


IteSotidun’ Law Sudntty Sod*? pic 
Oyez Services LtcL, 

24 Gray’s Inn Road, London WC1X 8HR. 
Telephone: 01-831 2286 


.Addn.iv 


Suptattnr 


Tel No.. 


mda the Ewj ls nnrt Apndw Ad W> U— ■ No. SBUU 2 



ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS 
OF ENGLAND 

CHIEF 

ACCOUNTANT 

The Royal College of Surgeons is a registered charity Involved In a wide 
range of professional, educational and scientific activities. 

The College Invites applications for the post of Chief Accountant from 
those with relevant senior experience, who must also have the professional 
and intellectual capacity to direct and manage the finances of this complex 
and prestigious institution. 

Salar y within the professional related range above £20,000 p.a. 
Further particulars available from: 

Assistant Secretary (Personnel} 

Royal College of Surgeons of England 
35-43 Lincoln's hut Fields 
London WC2A 3PN 
Tet (01 ) 405 3474 e*- 4 

To whom applications must be sent by 
5 January 1987. 

please quote reference no. 45/86. 


U.S. INVESTMENT BANK 

currency “options UNIT 

“—ess BRsewsssar* 

Remuneration highly competitive. 

Please send curriculum vitaela: 

DONALDSON LUFKIN & MTE 
14 Finsbury Square, London EC2A 1BR 
Attention G. Craddock 
or caU 01-638 5822 


GENERAL APPOINTMENTS 



Shire Trust 


Foreign Exchange Dealer 


Shire Trust Limited is a newly 
formed Licensed Deposit Ihker 
which is majority owned by CIC, 
a large international French 
banking group. Shire's policy is to 
develop long term relationships 
with medium-sized companies, 
especially outside London. A 
principal activity is the provision 
of treasury management services. 

We are looking for a foreign 
exchange dealer to strengthen 
our treasury team. Candidates 
will have had three or more years’ 
FX trading experience and should 
be at least in their mid-twenties. 
They will have a sound knowledge 


of the interbank market and of 
new instruments including 
options, futures and FRAs. 

This is an exciting opportunity 
for a dealer who is looking to 
widen his or her knowledge and 
experience, and who is keen to 
join a small team in a growing 
business. The ability to communi- 
cate well with clients is essential. 

An attractive salary is offered 
plus the normal banking benefits. 
Applications should be sent to 
Ken Keneh, Shire Trust Limited, 
24 Austin FYiars. 

London EC2N 2EN. 

Telephone: 01-256 871L 


ACCOUNTANT Plus 
To £14,000 
North Hampshire 

Opportunity of singular interest in a small 
friendly multi -Faceted, forward-looking business 
to take sole responsibility for Accounting and 
Office Administration and the Company 
Secretarial Duties. 

Key requirements are: 

★ The KNOWLEDGE to handle the Accounts 
function from original entry to trial balance. 

★ The experience and INITIATIVE to present 
financial information to colleagues as a means 
to improving their effectiveness. 

★The COMMON SENSE to look after the 
administration of a small office. 

Degree and progress towards qualifying would 
enhance suitability. 

Salary and benefits mix to suit reasonable 
preferences. Future prospects parallel those for 
the Company. 

Please write fully to Clive Lege, The Personnel 
Partnership (Rec Con), 79 Clares Green Rd, 
Spencers Wood, Reading, RG7 JDU. 


COMPANY ACCOUNTANT 

urgently required 

by an international airline based in the West End. 
Attractive offices. friendly atmosphere. 
Responsibilities include maintaining accounting 
records/preparation of sales returns etc. Previous 
experience in similar post desirable. Salary 
negotiable + perks. Please submit full C.V. to: 

Mrs. S Tarbit I 

5th Floor, Nuffield Houses, 4 1/46 Piccadilly, 1 
London WlV OAJ 
Tel: (01) 434-0707 


GENERAL APPOINTMENTS 


1986 has been a year of significant achievement for Prime. 
We have further strengthened our position in the market Innovative 
product developments are in the pipeline for 1987. 

We are now looking for a select number of computer sales 
professionals to join us in the New Year. 

Candidates with outstanding track records and an entre- 
preneurial approach to business should contact Chris Verney on 
01-572 7400. Alternatively write to him, at: Prime Computer UK 
Limited, 2-4 Lampton Road, Hounslow, Middlesex TW3 1JW. 


TRAINEE BROKER 

An opporttrity has arisai 

for tw people BfledjWO 

to build a successful 
business wtfnntn* 
financial field. H$i 


rising steeply with® 1 

opportunity to si® 
management- 

CaB Way* ftrirte *" 

01-491 0759 


ar 01-749 2987. 

Ml— CVS LM 

„ He * ** vlotntS - 
Dclaltr. 01-631 M»- 


S0CIETE 

IKTERKATIONALE 

BE TRAOUCnOK 

recher che 

toaDOCTFUBS FREELANCE 

huncajs/anblais 

QumO* LBL, 

73 BedtoM Guram. 

Loooon WB /EG. 

nowtn^i 

Haiawmjp 

prtfV * n «^Se nnannw i««- 

l»*W ra ® ,n ^fula w 6 l 

wS Sc*. 


Applications are required 
for a practical, 
experience parson in 
all aspects of the 
building and associated 
trades. ExceHent tong 
term propsects « 
Lanzarote, Canary 
islands. 

Abffity to converse in 

Spanish essential. 

C.V. hi wrong to 
BBLNoJa- 


AMOntat BrttWi wuwrrv Nwrae 
(NNEB* warned *gr S?wL£S 
pcMn for mo IW 6 /W yra j 

Swon. Knowles* ^/vTfr 
eewmal. ««»»* 

•afe io Rune. IM. —w 
Court 

gwi 7 i_N or Tet O 702 344381 





n 


1 
















thf TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 11 1986 


t A rPFMF. T)F, T A CREME 


BANKING PACKAGE Including 
mortgage subsidy, private healft 
performance bonus. 


overtime, 

insurance, 


Receptionist, 

Personnel 


Salomon Brothare international 
Limited is a loafing American 
investment banking firm. Dir 
recant move into new offices at 
Victoria Plea has created the 
need for a Receptionist m our 
Hunan Resources Group. We 
are seeking an energet ic, self 
moti v ated individual to take 
responsibility for this busy 
Personae! reception area. The 
rale wD involve looking attar 
vtetore, answering phones, 
routing correspondence and 
helping wfth the ad mi n istr a ti on 
of temporary staff. You wiQ also 
test applicants where 

commute as an imegrai oacxup 
to or secretarial team. 


As a successful candidate you must have a superb, 
professional presence and excellent communication 
skills, coupled with accurate typing ability (45 wpm) 
and 1-2 years experience as a Receptionist 

If Ws opportunity interests you and yon would Hke te 
become pad of our fast moving organisation, please 
send your CV te confhtesee to JDI Gtidersteve, 
Dapto ym eal Officer, Victoria Plaza, ill Bocktogbam 
Palace Rood, London SW1. 


Salomon Brothers 
International Limited 



Personal and Administrative 

Assistant 


Wring 

T»MpBW9WMwWWdttqw»«WllB|te l rtt«uieo( 

BntehAietiittelMM fc s someone wMigBBflcnttypwfl 

aMIsandSQnwaMtyinsliontanOsndwrd- 
trtc^8^»aa«sPer»gBaJAaisanrtorfcg 


adraristrfflJve end saewtanti dubas, Induing 
nWiuting. The uorldoad wil be wnedanddiflfen&ng. 

KnawiBdgaori>MledUngliidiairyendo(pnpWng 

opylorpuMcston.tiOOTjgtintfgoertW, 

wCSstocM. 

Siisy nouessitian £9.000 pa. pftaLVs. season 
atim taaw a adc ote ti xa r P —ta n. 

WmeL«Mic.w.io: unengObutK 
HBA PuMcetiai»Ltd.Rnsbwy Mbstan, 

Mrefand StreeL London EC1V6VB 


BILINGUAL SWEDISH - ENGLISH 

SEC./ PA 

£12,000 W.l. 

Swedish Law Fran requires qualified Audio 
PA. with good seoetarial skills, W;P. 
experience, to work in small pleasant office. 
Also administrative work with international 
orientation. Part-time considered. 

Please contact Mr. Runehmd or 

Mr. CHganl on 01-491 3424 

Advotatfiman Lagertaf ■ 

5 Cavendish Corat 
London W1H 913 


TELEVISION 

£10,500 

A background in Advertising or Marketi ng would be 
otecfenta leawg tetevsn o compan y, far 
tte In te resting »*d cftaHengng rote as secretary to a 
senior executive. 

of varied tasks. 

Phase call us m confidence 

about ties absorbing career opportuwy. Ajte z«+- 


M 4M 6586 

”T*2 

grosvenqri 



Paradtes^ 


PART TIME 
SECRETARY/PA 

TO MANAGER OF 
MARKETING DEVELOPMENT 


RECEPTIONIST 

£9,000 

This informal and 
friendly shipping com- 
pany in lovely St Ja- 
mes's Square need a 
receptionist with a 
warm personality to 
greet their viators and 
answer a busy switch- 
board. 

Accurate typing, some 
telex (will train). Bene- 
fits include 1 months 
extra pay and health 
cover. Age 23+. 


Bernadette 
of Bond St. 

AccruttncntConMmnfs 
• m 51 tma tiBru f— rto . 



COMPANY 

MAYFAIR 
£11 - £12,000 

As a P A/office manager 
for one young director 
in lovely offices of Bood 
Street you will be solely 
responsible for the 
office fi rat inning in 
boss's bequest absence. 
Good shorthand some 
telex plus dealing with 
all enquiries, are ail pan 
of a busy day in this 
small office. Age 25 -35. 


Bernadette 
of Bond St. 

Accnwomm Consul ora 
5S.M>*rMfwwc*si^ 


SECRETARY 

Required to look after the surveyor in a 
small but rapidly expanding, publicly 
quoted, property company specialising in. 
historic buildings in the West End. 
Salary is negotiable a ru j the usual 
company benefits apply. 

Please telephone Fhlffip Ashfey/Vakrit James 

PRIEST MARIANS HOLDINGS PLC 

01 240 8441 


’.‘.I 


We wish to racruH a 
wa haw recontfy at 


/PA for our London Office which 
near Baker Street 


The successful applicant w« work w» the Manager of Mata* 
tog Devotopmnmb deratop me Groups Interests In the U K 
MSrlttt. A promt record of office management and s ecre t ar i a l 
- - - --sr - ■ — to worlc atone are 


skita together with Mttattve and an 


Salary c £9400 p*. Hours 930 Bin. to 230 pin. 

Apply to writing Hr 

Mr. BJL Oury, Secr et a ry 



GEORGE KNIGHT 
The Letting Agent 

Self reRant Letting Administrator required in our 
Hampstead H.Q. - capable of taking 
respons*irrtyandworidngonown Wtiative. We 
are looking for a mature and intelligent 
personality, with an eye for detail and 
administrative efficiency. Audio required - 
computer/WP experience an asset £9,000 +. 

Cal Chris Mercer 
on 01 435 8315 


MEDICAL 

SECRETARY 

Required lor private practice Loudon Bridge. 
Shorthand eggeolial 
Monday to Friday 9 am to 5 pm. 

Please ring Jackie 01 487 4695 


Bln 


BIJOUX 
Circa £11,000 

Avez vous jamais rew z 
ties (fiamarrts, en rran- 
gds? Etes vous ires exps- 
rimenteaumveaudireetor 
etsurtout sort vos mans 
courts an anglais tent 
qtTan francos? Si vous 
puuvsz job de vos songes 
travafltert pour te citef 
d ime mason tie joaflfas 
wahnenttop notch. Pour 
comaRre plus, wufflez 
tetephoner a Angela Mor- 
timer QE. 

Softs (French ate Erafo 

m 100/60 Age 25-& 

West End Office 



EXCELLENCE 


bin effidErtk. 7w 


and . onistok) _«*“ 

ft fyrwvm . js MB 2S 

setting-up meetings ad 
preparing Irani tinemes. » 
tanpages mUti te so 
adonaga. 

To tends a position a Ms 
level, poise, contones ad 
natenty are essential. 


Age 30-35 Sate 90/50 


Circa £13,000 
The recently appointed 
second in command of a 
major high street retai l 
groffi) needs a demanding, 
5®}fc£ed aid discreet PA 

This is a classic PA rote for 
an expertenrad profes- 
sional- He worts long 
houre. and wat expect you 
to wort with him, orgms- 
rig his chary and travel, 
and Baking on Ms behalf at 
afl (avals. Howe ver, y ou 
must be abis to stand up 
for yourself, aid should 
never let anyone give you 
the runaround, feast of afl 
the chauffeur, who will 
report to you. 

You wflt have worked pre- 
viously at director level aid 
should be looking for a 
challenging career move. 

SUB* 108/68+ BWDe 
Age 38 • 40 

West End Office 


+VNGELA MOPTIME 


£ 12 , 000 + 

Keen young chatonai of 
fast expanding group 
seeks PA with excellent 
soda! style, quick wits, 
fast shorthand, age 25- 
30. for interesting but 
pressurised Job with 
8.30am start in new 
Hyde Park Comer HQ. 1 
Details Premium 
Secretaries 486 2667. 


SECRETARY/PA 

Directors of property and 
trading company in SW1 
seek an efficient, cheerful 
Secretary/PA. Must have 
good typing. Shorthand 
an advantage. also 
experience on telex and 
word processor. Own 
office. Salary £9.500 
negotiable. 

Tefc 01-222 2714 
(ho agencies/ 


SUPER SECRETARIES 



EXECUTIVE CREME 


WUNDERKHB3 



SECRETAIRE 
BEN ELEVEfE) 
very frigfc i wwdi 

Private secretary 35+ to tax lawyer in 
sumptuous «tn rt « mHii^ in S.W.7. 
Your Reach will te aopa t ativ c with 
^wik lw i i i |i| mitA PA lO 

Yoo will have si least 100/60 s pee d s 
pos | Kwlf Spanish. ExceDsQ salary* 
sod horns Paragons only 

pteasd (Rec. Cons.) 


CHAIRMAN 

BoBdlog -HonieCmBitie8 

c.£KKOOO+Car+ft^atSiare 



International Secretaries 



From a 
chairman 


CMSPPEifMLE ABMCMAML c. 1760 
In the French taste. Unrestored ' 
bat excellent condition. Original . : 
needlework. Offers invited. . 
Telephone to view. 01-175 6344 . ' 
(airtime). 


to: 

id 

ti 

air. 





THE SUNDAY TIMES 

THE^S^TIMES 


01-491 7100 


INGCOME DESIG N 


PERSONAL ASSISTANT 

The Director running this fast-growing interior design 
house, a sister company of Kingcome Sofas, needs a 
first class assistant 

He is looking for someone who is hard-working, 
mature in oitfoofc, versatfe. numerate, personable 
and commercid. He will, of course, pay the right 
salary for the right person. 

Please reply enclosing a c.v. to: 

JshB Mowlam. 13 Mtafion St, London SW3 2HX. 


P/A SECRETARY 

£10,000 pjL. 

International Consultancy ba s ed in Westminster 
are comnQy seeking a lively, presentable and 
^patient” secretary for 3 Consultants. Applicants 
must be used to working at senior level and as 
part of a team. Excellent secretarial and 
organisational skills are essential and W.P. 
p re fe r red bat will tram. Own office in beautiful 
Georgian House. 

Contact Jane Speakman 222 8151 
No Agencies please 


BILINGUAL SECRETARY 

£12,000 + BENEFITS 

Mwnrtoml Company, based In W1. requires comparer* senior 
SH/Saeretnr (25 +) vMi Ouant Froncti abta to work at Board 


wtti 100/60 WP minimum. 

CaR 01 499 5406 

SUSAN HAMILTON PERSONNEL 
SERVICES 
33 SL George St 
London W1 


1-4917100 


PA/OFFICE 


cXII.000 

This dynaric and young 

property (tevetoper with 
superb officas in the West 
End is searching for an 
efficient PA to ron hb 
office. In addition to using, 
your secretarial skills 
<90/601 there w9l be 
opportunities to Ssse with 
chants, visiting 
consultants and head 
office. (Rec Cons). 




Senior 

Secretaries 


VICTORIA AND ALBERT MUSEUM 
REQUIRE A 

SHORTHAND TYPIST IN THE 
DIRECTORS’ OFFICE 

The post offer* a unique OTpcrrtunipi to be involved at the 
cent re of activity in a lively national institution. The 
successful azndidate will be well educated, preferably whh 
a history of an qualification of some land. In addition to 
sbonhand, duties include some copy typing and general 
office work. Minimum typing speeds required are 
IQQfJOwpm. Salary ana at c.£6£29pa for a 41 hour 
week rising to c£7^28pa by annual increments, salaries 
inclusive of London Weighting. Proficiency payments are 
made for higher typing mils and the post a p e n s i o na b le. 
Telephone 589 6371 ear 421 for an application form 
which should be co mpl eted and returned by 
26th December 1986. * 


PARLIAMENTARY 
CBS 


am 

This part time position 
biwhns a combination of 
both excellent typing and 
organisational for. 

Woddngfor this long establ- 
ished teamed society you 
wiHberesporaibfeforldac- 
Ing after 3 ctomino medical 
professors. Knowledge of 
medfoai termfoology helpful 
bat not essartol 

3 days per week to suit, 
(rec cons) 

01-589 4422. 

Senkr 

Secretaries 



(rtmuynatw antfisiu- 
toraieefcaMtftfacc/PAaae 10 


.1 J ‘ r ,4 


meat. Lots of cUeni contact and 
v lnterrsttno mtar worX! A^pU- 



Wantedfor 
Chairman of quoted 
company in London 
W.l. Must be FCA. 

Apply m writing 
to BOX J80 


PART TIME 
VACANCIES 












rentals 


i f:L * 

- 9* 

■y 


LTD 

car avalawe to nght arrant 

Piewe write with CV to WwAfa, 

Marvfc Textiles Ud,Urrit3, 

Westpoint Trtdlng J E**** 

Affiance Road, W3 ORA. 


y ; ‘L 


- # "» = I 3 


- . - i - f i ? 
* 

: .• i 

S'T iNii v 





CLASSIFIED 


More of what you’re looking for. 

To place your advertisement telephone 01-481 4000. 


PUBLISHING SALES 
ADMINISTRATION 

UHBMN WZ - £13,008 

S u ccsss M young mte n fc pubhbr seeks Mglih irteBptf 
eneraetic person to lead sales ansunteg sod few aa i team. 
YrfS need an rapressMe taconl af reatsre iu daneB sod swervlg 


Yog'S need en npmw neonl of reatsre ju dpneB and swwvbory 
sites, together eriffi soaid eduodon (Degree M) tod a daraontiaMe 
stdKy to axnmtnkate. Tte |te Invgiw mwicing (nehser keyticred 
wort), ra tecaa m . exportug and, mow SnpoRM, tong ra ep reMb fl iy 
tar sties to a gmfcQ -lat at teti t stop e ud eade nfcs . 

AM fcaa w tt wtoout delay. nkhCV. to Cantina Jeon. BPPMtirttag, 
[Sssphng Strati. London W2 1JA. tatentaas nsnetitioh- 3tet 
wort In tin new year. 



CONWIY TENANTS 


YOUR HOME IN 
CENTRAL/5W LONDON 

Buchanans 

LeB big Si Muinetiwm 



IN PAPIJMENT 
SESSION IM6«7 


ASSOCIATED BRITISH PORTS 


NOTICE B HEREBY GIVEN 
Itiol eumucaDoo H bring nude 10 
Pari limn m the ptonu sesuon 
by Aawcuied Brtttoi Ports >'A.B. 
Pom") tor leave lo uurmuce a 
BUI under me above name or 
short We (or purposes of which 
Uie foUowtng Is a cooom sum- 
mary:- 

1. Construction ui me City of 
Plymouth, in Devon, of Wort 
No.l: consume at me reclama- 
tion ana nnutg In of the eastern 
tide of me Inner Batin at Piym- 
oum (MtUbay) Docks. 

2. Special provisions in cornice - 
Hon wflb me cnnscruchon of the 

I mended worts. Including provl- d 
rtons (or me renewal. aneraUon. 
replacement or relaying thereof, 
and for s ubtidlaiy works 

3. AcquMUon or lands and ease- 
ments or rights over lands for the 
Purposes of the Intended worts: 
special provision as lo entry and 
compensation and incorporation 
Of certain provisions. Including 
•xOnchon or supeimon or p«v ate 
mmts of way over lands lo be 
purchased or used. 

4. To confer powers on A.B. 

Ports far the making of byelaws 
01 rotation to the river Humber 
{including part of Ore ntrn Ouse 
and Trent) hi respect of maltere 
concerning cons er vancy, protec 
Boo. regulation, maintenance and 
touHovemen! of Uie Humber and 
the prevention or coUltions 
thereto. 

5. Provision for dirty authorised , 

pasom employed on behaU of 1 

A.B. Ports ai lis harbours, docks 

and piers to be duly authorised 
officers of A.B. Pons for Uie pur- i 
poses Of byelaws. .j, 

6. Proyttions of a general na- 1 

lure. Inctudtog tor tocorpmtton J 

and apoHcation of certain provl- 
ssom. applicable so or m coo- 
seouame or the intended Act. 


AMD NOTICE IS FURTHER •, 
<JVEN Utai a corn of Die BW and " 
ofthereanjmd secUorn of the 
fNemil works, wiui an tndlca- 
U «1 of me land which may be 
fcmmhd or used compulsorily, 
together wUu book of reference 
“ such Plan, have been depodted 
tMpectton with tor 
S5*2J ptoftohie. Devon County 
Oton dL County HaU. Topstum 
BObdjEwter. E3C? UOD. undwilri 

S® E ** c, 4tve and Town 

aejj. Plymouth aty Council. 

Ovlr enure. Royal Parade. 
Plymouth. PL1 SEW. 

On and after toe ath day Of 
Orremher 1986. a copy or the Bn 
may be Impeded and copies ob- 
»nea at a price of BOp each at 
*5^ "2?™«!ltonrO omces and 
of toe Port Stonager. 

Port Office. MIDbay Docks. 
Ptenoutfi. Devon PL1 3£f. 

Oblcctton lo (lie BUI may be 
SSL* depool Ung a Petition 
PBtinM IL U the BM oiitonales to 
Srilg y? «* Co mmora. 

ttotofor deponu ng ™ch a PptUlon 
I7JS ail Office of mat 

Hotoe WOI be the SOIh January 

ofLoi^tfie west date for depos- 
Itowauchii Petition to the office 

Pw’tanirtws in V. 

2? ^ *to Tebru- 

tohirmaBon 
toto; b^obsamed from the oflice 
jtLPS^y r *_P f . l>> eP s»1ianiews to 
mn 2 The Prtvale 

*5** Houi * of Com 
KEnSJSTrvJ g^rmemioned ’ . 


DATED Urts 3rd day of 
December 1900. 
R.V. PEARCE. 
BrtUdi Pons. 
. _ ISO Hotboni. 

London. Be IN slr. 

Senator. 

SHERWOOD & CO.. 
Qu, !M. Anl> *> Chambers, 
a Dean Farrar Sheet. 

W«UMiKln-. 
London, swih 9lG. 
Parhamentey Aaetib. 





lauMi 


The Times Classified 
columns are read by 1J 
mflliofi of the most affinmit 
people in the cmmtry. The 


appear regularly each 
week and are generally 

accompanied by relevant 
editorial articles. Use ti*e 




MONDAY 

Etacti tei Univershy - 
Appoimmems. Prep & Public 
School Appointments, 
Educational Courses, 
Sctobrcfcipsrod Fellowships. 

Lx Crfaar de h Crine and other 
secretarial appointments. 

TUESDAY 

Conputtr Harinnc Computer 
Appottitmenls with edhonaL 
Legal Appointments: Solicitare. 
Commercial Lawyers. Lt^al 
Officers, Private & PaWic 
Practice. 

Legal La Crime for lop legal 
s ecret a ries. 

PafeBc Sector Appateumts. 


WEDNESDAY 

La CiitiK tie b Crime and other 
secretarial appointments. 
Pmpuq. ResidcntttL Town A 
Country, Overseas. Rentals, with 
editorial. 

AariqaeaaadCMkcCaMes. 

THURSDAY 

General AppefatimeteB: 
Managenteai and Executive 
appointments with editorial. 

La Dime de la Crime and other 
secretarial apporouneais. 


FRIDAY 

Me rer * A complete car buyer's 
guide with editorial. 

Business to Buaess: Busfocss 
opportunities, franchises etc. 
wife editorial. 

Reriamutf Gride. (Moathly) 


SATURDAY 

Oreraens and UK Hriid»c 
ViUas/Cottagss, Hotels, Flights 
etc 


the world famous personal column, including 

RENTALS, APPEARS EVERY DAY. 


Fpl in the coupon mid attach it to your advertisement, written nn » trm, L ._ 
Piece of paper, altowing 28 tatmaod a sepa,aic 


Tefepbooe (Daytime) Date of insertion 

(Please allow three working days prior lo insertion date.) 

Use yoar Access, Visa,.ABrex or Diners cards. 

































THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 1 1 1 986 


xa ?n ' 5 I 


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Afljr X «; 

« fiiri L’- 
KS 56ii 
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Ilf* 

:,,, tab^ 

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P 16 Times’ seasonal good fishing tackle guide: a question of what to buy, and then what to use it for 

Tackling the ghost x 
of Christmas \ 
presents: A buyer’s \ 
guide to fishing \ 

1 /"®“* fl radios ’ Tronic fish-finders, radar, \ 

fa 3* 1 Tff&Sl'ffi* system and as- \ ‘ J 

" ;„/* z r 7 Wft ,**. golden, fishing sorted extras. \ ^ 

c ^L: \'} lst ‘ aut hor of 20 books on the Times being hard, the boatvard will 


BOXING 


Witherspoon tries 
his luck on 
the money round 

From Sriknmar Sen, Boxing Correspondent; New York 


subject covering sea and fresh water 
and occasional tackle-designer, clarifies 
some of the mysteries. 

Nobody knows exactly how many 
fishermen there are in Britain, or how 
much they spend. Conservative es- 
timates suggest that fly, coarse and sea 
fishing combined attract at least two 
million regular participants, and con- 
tinue 10 expand despite vitriolic pres- 
sure from the anii-bloodspon and 
ecology lobbies. 

Sales of Ashing tackle alone comfort- 
ably exceed £50 million a year, travel, 
bait, licences, accommodation and 


sorted extras. 

Times being hard, the boatyard will ■- 
certainly loss in a couple of free big- j? ja 
game rods and reels at £1,000 a pair, 
just to sweeten the deal. The good news 1*9 
is that a bucket of fresh mullet bait still *|| 
leaves change out of a dollar at any v H -‘ 

market south of the Azores. 

Fishing in Britain divides into five 5 : 
main categories, each with a unique 
blend of tackle, tactics and reward. 

Choosing a gift can so 

easily end in disaster 





Fly-fishing is split between 


dub fees probably boost the toil increasingly exclusive - because it is a 
bevond £150 million shrinking natural resource - world of 

level exDcnditure ran’p£ rmm ESfSSfS wiW 564 trout ’ 58101011 and brown trout 

gipi*= mmm 

pcan circuits. rin_i « „ a r i~~.i 


the 


available throughout the country at 


^FishinE today whpihwfiu £10_I5 a day. A season ticket fora local 

sahwa£ & on iSwriSHfni SST"" malte “ Christmas 

toious coarse angler; specialise ia 
^ match-fishing or specimen-hunting — 
chasing big pike, carp, tench and other 

ISfCEJ-JE uH S freshwater species deemed worthy of 

can be bought for less than £75. The the t \ mc ^ effort. The obvious 

at th^ a ? WOrth f division in saltwater is between beach 

fLSSSfttigin and boat, with the former more 

spending £120 on a carbon fibre rod popular _ and accessible - by far. 
Advancing into the realms of Space * 

Age materials and highly specialised The scope and diversity of fishing 
equipment for match, carp and pike means that choosing a Christmas gift 
fishing (the Big Three of the coarse for your favourite angler can so easily 
fishing scene), you can spend a fortune end in disaster. The social barriers of 
on electronic bite detectors, clothing, fishing may have tumbled, but the 
nets, and even computerized reds that battle lines of pride and preference 
measure how far you cast. The most remain clearly drawn. A maggot-box 
expensive rods — 35-foot-long sec- for a salmon fisherman or a multiplier 
tioned poles of carbon fibre — cost reel to the coarse matchman is the 
over £600 each. piscatorial equivalent of waving a red 

rag at a bull. 

Tkp ultimo to maicprc Making the distinction between 

me inornate cruisers coarse, fly and sea fishing is a vital 

cost over £250.000 prelude to a successful shopping spree. 

7 The items here are specially selected for 

Beach fishing tadkle is geared tolonp- 

“W? performaacer powertil desigll . ah good filing odde shops - 

carbon fibre rods and highly-tuned .^towjhas ItleSt one -should 
reels that can tow afive-ouncc lead stock J them> „ something virtually 


If "Bonecrusher" Smith could 
not believe his luck when Don 
King, the promoter, asked him 
last Thursday to take on Tim 
Wi therspoon, the World Boxing 
Council heavyweight champion, 
as Tony Tubbs had withdrawn 
from die World heavyweight 
tide unification series, be must 
have thought Christmas had 
come early when he learnt 
yesterday of the money row 
between Witherspoon and King, 
his manager. The champion was 
fuming. According to him, Don 
King was going around telling 
people Smith would beat him. 

King countered: “He’s done 
this before to get more money. I 
had an idea be might do it again 
now he has this smartass lawyer 
and got the wrinkles out cf his 
belly." 

None of this would do 
Witherspooo any good on the 
night — if there is a night, the 
Bone was thinking. If 
Witherspoon stays smart, the 
show must go on for the really 
big money is in tbe next round 
when tbe winner of this bout 
meets Mike Tyson. But 
Witherspoon admitted: “I am 
menially drained. This has put a 
couple of years on my career." 

The big challenger Grom 
North Carolina clenched his fist 
and said: "I am going to put my 
best punch on him. get him in 
trouble and dig him out. 1 owe 
him some.” 

It did not matter now that 
Witherspoon had beaten him 
last year. "1 was on a losing 
streak then. I am on a winning 
streak now," Smith said reciting 
tbe names of bis last three 
victims: Mike Weaver, Jesse 
Ferguson and David Bey. 

Bonecnisher*s manager. Alan 
Korn berg, who spent 48 hectic 
hours talking terms with King, 


said: “Witherspoon is going to 
see another Bonecrusher. He is 
the only heavyweight moving 
up in all three world rankings. 
He has not fought anybody 
outside the top 20 since knock- 
ing out Bruno." 

Both challenger and manager 
sped past Friday night and were 
now in March feeing the 
fiercesorae Mike Tyson. “Tyson 
is made for Bonecrusher," 
Korn berg said. "Bonecrusher is 
the hardest hitter there is 
today.” A pity Don King sent 
for Bonecrusher just as be was 
about to mem Mitch Green, one 
of tbe two men who have gone 
the distance with Tyson. 

“I'm picking up a few things 
from Tyson like his attitude ami 
J think I have the punch in both 
hands to hit him as he has never 
been hit before.” Bonecrusher 
said. Someone asked: "But what 
about little Joe Frazier who beat 
you but got knocked out in one 
round by Tyson?” Romberg 
stepped in. “Frazier was the best 
thing that happened to 
Bonecrusher. He came back to 
his hotel, watched the video of 
the fight and became angry.” 

Smith comes from Magnolia, 
a town of 2*500 people and not a 
single traffic light. At 31 be is a 
late bloomer and came into 
prominence with his knockout 
of Frank Bruno in 1 984. On the 
strength of that win he got a title 
bout with Lany Holmes a few 
months later and did well to go 
12 rounds before being stopped. 

The 6ft 4inch Smith is a 
graduate of Shaw College where 
he was more interested in 
basketball than boxing. He 
learned boxing in the army. “I 

crushed a few bones, brake a few 
noses, fractured a few ribs . . . 
that’s all and they tagged me 
Bonecrusher.” 


SQUASH RACKETS 

Davenport’s victory 
helps Skol walk tall 

By Colin McQniUan 


weight almost 300 yards. 

And for the well-heeled boat fisher- 


identicaL 

Don’t be afraid to ask for advice. If in 


L« L___J „„-,L \T„ rt L uuu l uc iuiaiu w iu>«- iui au u m 

man who is bored with North Sea cod, p^y safe with gloves, scissors or 

why not his own boat for those marlin a gift token. Hooks, weights, floats and 
fishing trips to New Zealand and throw-away items known collectively 
Brazil? The ultimate in 50ft, twin as “terminal tackle** seem to get used 
turbo-Diesel cruisers costs more than up at an alarming rate, and are always 
£250,000, plus around £50,000 for welcome. 


rrvar--.. / -m 

rs^L V' ' ; i ' * % 

■ ' m -‘V" 

_ . - : ■ . -V; - u 

t-':':? --i • • . . . •' '• * * 

: ... v--. . - - ■ -sv. • • -i'. .• - 


T his winter’s state-of-the-art tackle, guaranteed to hook a wide range of Christmas fishermen 


1. Solr kronen fokfing binding net, £17^5: A r 
welcome gift for any trout fisherman. 

2. The best fishing books of 1986: Carp Fever by 

Kevin Maddocks (Beeluty, £1035); Carp: Quest 
for a Queen by B^Bey and Page (Crowood Press, 
£15-95); Robson’s Guide to Stillwater Trout FUes 
by Kenneth Robson (Beekay, £16^5); Fly 
Fishing for Salmon and Sea Trout by Arthur 
Oglesby (Crowood Press, £1645); Big Pike by 
Barrie Rickards (A&C Black. 5995* Tench by 
Len Head (Crowood Press, £15:95); /■ Pursmt of 
Carp and Catfish by Kevin Maddocks (Beekay, 
£15.95); Casting at the San by Chris Yates 
(Pelham Books, £12.95). ... 

3. A vast range of lures, lead-free weights, bouts 

and floats is available at any tackle s'- a from 56 
pence. The Stewart tackle box, £4J0, is 
partitioned and waterproof. Genuine Swiss Army 
knife by Wenger at £21.00. ■ 

4. Electronic bite indicators for the specimen 

hunter. Optooic with volume control, £ 3995 . 
Delkim Optonic Conversion with volume control 
and LEDs, £42J». . ^ 

5. The most desirable Christmas gift ©a tee year. 
Hardy Golden Prince salmon reels in Buh^any 
presentation case. Limited e d iti o n. £189.75. 


6. Fly-fishing fines are a good choice provided 
that you know the weight and taper required. 
Masterfine Revolution at £16.75 offers gooi 
performance at modest cost. The Cortland 444 at 
£31-95 is regarded as one of the world’s best 
fines. Double-sided dry fly box by Wheatley is a 
status symbol among trout fishermen. £42-95. 

7. Fly-tying kits urast be chosen to sitit local 
fishing preferences, so specialist advice is 
essential. Complete outfits for reservoir, salmon 
and dry fly front fishing by Simpson’s of 
Tnruford from £60. Individual Rems from £1. 
Lever-action fly-tying vice, £19.95. 

8. Brace ft Walker Hexagra m 15ft fly rod 
blends Space Age carbon fibre with tradftRmal- 
bnilt cane bonstruedon. £290. Simpson’s ha nd 
built 9 reservoir rod is excellent value at 
£93.99. Tbe reel is a Hardy Marquis 7. £4235. 

9. Mitchell fixed-spool reds are renowned for 
engineering quality. Model 3005 for coarse 
fishing nnrf spinning, £3530. Model 486 at 
£39-95 for beach fishing. 

10. Aladdin steel unbreakable vacxmm 

flask. £27.99 with five-year guarantee. Large 
capacity Shakespeare coarse t ackle box, £39.95. 

11. Strong but fight, the Steade&st Team 


England rod holdall costs jest £29.42. The Starry 
. Kart carries the largest of tackle boxes. £29.95. 

12. Canon Breakaway soft-mesh beepnet for tbe 
coarse match fisherman. By Steadefast at £32.95 
for tbe llK-feot version. 

1 3. The HipoGtoantomatic pressure lantern with 
suit the beach fisherman who Kkes to stay oat all 
night. £45.95. And for the boat angler, the 
Mitchell 624 ranltiplyiitg red at £4430, and the 
Shakespeare Ceutmy red at £44.99. 

14. The Kevin Nash R ucksack is spacious 
enough for the specimen hunter. £5540. 

15. Avon scales at £2635; Hardy Carryall 
canvas bag, £404)5. 

16. Barbour Border waxed cotton coat. Stylish, 
warm and waterproof. £7445. M a tch i n g hat and 
Wellington boots, £11.40 and £2230. Hardy 
sweatshirt, £1145. Simpson’s custom-built 
Maddocks carp rod, £92J*9. S hima no Baitnumer 
3500 reel, £59-95. Bafco m b soft-mesb landing 
net will swallow a giant carp or pike with ease, 
£33.79. 50-inch Nnbralli, £3395. Kevin 
Maddocks lew chair with adjustable feet, £34.95. 
• Tackle supplied by Simpson’s of Tnrnford, 
Broxbomrne, Hertfordshire. 



New Zealand influence on 
British involvement in Ameri- 
can matters is not confined to 
fantastic plastic performances 
on the Indian Ocean around 
Perth. 

Ross Norman, tbe world 
champion, and Stuart Daven- 
port, his lanky Kiwi compatriot, 
returned to their respective 
American Express Premier 
Squash League squads this week 
with an effect just as devastating 
as their nation's impact on the 
America’s Cup. 

Davenport, ranked third in 
tbe world behind Jahangir Khan 
and Norman led Skol Leicester 
to a 5-0 victory over 
Poundstretcbers Dunnings Mill 
and straight into the leadership 
of the national league. 

Norman took time off from a 
publicity round, which has 
continued since be overturned 
Jahangir in last month's world 
Open final, to lead InterCity 
Cannons into second place in 
the league with a 4-1 win over 
Arrow Village. 

Poundsireicbeis, from East 
Grinsicad. led the league from 
tbe first fixture this year, and 
they have still lost only two 
matches. But, significantly, 
those were whitewash defeats by 
tbe two teams now above them. 

”1 thought we might have 
scraped a 3-2 win at Leicester,” 
said Bryn Meredith, the 
Dunnings MID manager. "We 
were desperately unlucky not to 
pick up a couple of points to stay 
in contention.” 


Ironically, Meredith’s prob- 
lems stemmed from Philip 
Kenyon's success on the other 
side of the world. His top player 
put together a series of fine 
matches in the PIA Masters and, 
on the night his team were 
trounced at Leicester, Kenyon 
took a game off Jahangir in the 
final in Pakistan. 

Returning stars do not always 
succeed, of course. InteiCity 
Cannons dropped what might 
eventually prove to be a very 
expensive point when Jamie 
Hickox hot-footed it back from 
Karachi - only to lose, after 
holding match points, against 
John Le Lievre, the second 
string for Arrow Village. 

Some stars do not return at 
alL Nottingham, once the stron- 
gest dub side in the country, 
sank three places into the 
league's relegation zone, going 
down 5-0 to Halls West Country 
with a squad that induded 
neither of their two regular top 
players. Gawain Briars and Gres 
Pollard. 

RESULTS: Skol Leicester 5 

PounOstretcher Dunrtnga Mil ft trrtwCBy 
Cannons 4 Arrow Vflaga 1; Manctester 
Nonhem 2 Chapel ASerton 3; Hals West 
Country 5 Nottingham 0; AnSaigh Hal 3 
Vaco Monroe 2- 

PREMER LEAGUE 

P W L Pta 


Skol Leicester 
tmerCHy Cannons 
Dunnings MU 
Manchester Nthn 
Chapel Aterton 
West Country 
Amman HaU 
Vlsco Monroe 
HA Nottingham 
Arrow VlSage 


8 7 1 
8 7 1 
6 6 2 
8 5 3 
8 5 3 
8 3 5 
8 3 5 
8 2 6 
8 2 6 
BOB 


Megastars playing 
the financial game 


One of the speakers at a 
sporting dinner this week was 
Nat Lofihouse. the Lion of 
Vienna, former Bolton Wander- 
ers and England centre forward, 
who recalled the days when he 
and other England inter- 
nationals like Stanley Matthews 
and Tom Finney Pjaved for 
England in Europe for £30 a 
match. “We were proud to pull 
on the England shtri, 
Lofihouse said. “The money 
didn’t really matter." 

Such naive sentiments find no 

place in the P hiJ ’2 SOp !}?; ,-5? 
today's megastars, who pay £30 
for a haircut and blow dry. and 
believe the labourer is worthy or 
his hire, bonuses, special match 
fees, expenses, first dass tr- el 

and accommodation, suburban 

villa and job. This has been 
lamely a football phenomenon, 
bul two events this week 
dieate that the superstar genial- 
ity is beginning to pervade 
Rugby Lea&te. 

Ellery Hanley, whose J»> 

packet at Wigan on a fo ree '-l e ^ 
contract has been estimated a 
£700 a match, pvt or a 

couple of hundred, asked Wigan 

for a transfer. Then « 
Gregory, the pugnacious lu*w 

SSThalf twg 
who was Great Britain s 
outstanding player m [he m 
ing last international aga«gj 

Australia, asked for a 

after being suspended b>m 

dub for 14 days because^ his 
attitude towards the j-lub 
the board*’. He had rmssed 
training sessions. »>ing "J 
ill on one occasion and foal fos 
car broke down on another, i ne 
dub say he did not ‘“fj™ JJ5 
coach on eilher occaaon^ and 
Gregory's attitude 'n recc 
weeks had been ■‘unfortunate . 

Gregory, went on tbe ! *»J{ 
£150® and .is to appeal 

against the transfer fee. 

Without doubt here are two 

brilliant young P la i'?*J feerT1 
meshed in a web ot a 

Hanley, who scored 55 wes 
season for Bradford Nonh - 
and cost £150.000 in cash and 
players when he . signed or 
Wigan, is again ine ^ 
leading try scorer with - 1 - 11 
unfortunate for him and ■ ■ 
Great Britain that injujy 

duced his effectiveness m -w 
first international agai - 

Australia, and kepi him out 


David Han ds, Rugby Correspondent, examines the RFU’s aspirations for rugby in the 1990s 

Brighter pac ka ging needed to sell New Image 


RUGBY LEAGUI 
DIARY /* 

Keith Macklln 


the remaining two. A fit Hanley j 
could have given the Kangaroos ; 
some problems. , i 

What triggered his transfer j 
request was the signing of the 
Australian captain, Wally | 
Lewis, to play a senesof 
matches for Wigan at an allied 
£2,000 a match. Ellery, used to ; 
being the No.! idol of the 
Central Park crowd, had to &ce 
the two possibilities ofbeingup- 
staeed by Lewis and losing his , 
stand-off half role. The money 
must have miffed him, too. 

With Andy Gregory, the prob- 
lem is a recurrence of a previmg 
dispute between dub and 
pUyer. Little 

abrasive and unpredictable off 
foe field as on it and be no doubt 
feels his performance in foe 
third 

puis him hack in the top bracket 
of earners. 

Hanlev. who wisely made no 
nnblic "comment, made ms , 
See with Wigan behind closed 
doors and closed mouths after a 

chat with *1* chaTrTO ^ hSS 
Hilton “Tbe matter has been 
^solved.” said Mr HUton leav- . 
foT cynical observers of the 

wondcr eMClly taw. 

Gregory may make his peace 
SX «Ui WarraipO” ^ .f 

JlSSi “ "“Origan, ba, 

Shed the negouanons. 

Tn be feir to rugby league 

*5S5fSs5SS 

Kthalfder syndic has been 

for club direc- 
bovrtokajp 

iSSJfe-s 5 

paranoid ' 3n ' 1 - ■ 


I t remains a widely-held 
theory, and one which is 
becoming increasingly 
erroneous, that rugby 
nnioa is an aloof sport. 
This week, the Rugby Football 
Union endeavoured to bury 
that prejudice by inviting 
physical education advisers 
throughout the country to a 
conference at Twickenham on 
Rugby in the 1990s and asking 
for their help in the area of the 
game which desperately needs 
encouragement — the schools. 

It was an initiative which 
produced a healthy response 
from PE advisers, those who 
act on behalf of local education 
authorities by monitoring 
sport in schools/’Tfaere 
seemed to be genuine pleasure 
from the day a mon g the people 
who were t&ere," Don Ruther- 
ford, the RFU technical 
administrator, said. “Quite a 
few were taken by the 
demonstration of New Image 
rugby that preceded the 
University Match and saw it 
as a real possibility in 
schools.” 

“We have cleared away a lot 
of resistance to change in 
rugby”, Dudley Wood, the 
RFU secretary, told the con- 
ference. “We have a lot of 
things going for ns: the social 
atmosphere that is generated 

is a big pins and it does involve 

the whole family. Demand for 
tickets to international 
matches is growing year by 
year — we have requests for 
120,000 tickets for the Irish, 
Scottish and French matches 
at Twickenham and 180,000 
for the Welsh, in a ground that 
holds just over 60,000. Every 
year we return over flmHIkm 
to the public.” 

Mr Wood mentioned briefly 
the problems which have 
grown np in schools, of a social 

and industrial nature, but 
doubted the ability of rugby 
dobs to alleviate the problem 
because of the numbers of 
jfdreo involved. Mr Ruther- 
ford took nn the theme. 


suggesting that thongh some 
2,600 schools were affiliated to 
the Rugby Football Schools 
Union, there existed through- 
out the conn try some 24,000 
schools. 

“We live in an age of change 
and television,’’ Mr Ruther- 
ford said. “Television is the 
single most magnifying factor 
dewed by man.” It was 
television that had brought 
American Football — “a most 
lethal coUishm-sport when the 
ball has no relevance whatso- 
ever” — to the fore in this 
country with a stunning im- 
pact, leaving rugby and other 
sports tmeasQy aware of their 
own shortcomings in 
presentation. 

"American Footbafl realises 
tbe importance of women to 
the American way of life,** Mr 
Rutherford sakL u Women are 
going to shape the future. We 
have been delighted with the 
trial runs of New Image rugby 
and the girls have lapped it np 
because it gives them a chance 
to compete against the boys. 
There has been a women's 
rugby union for three years 
and women are moving into the 
traditional men's date.** 



The Rugby Football Union have 
drcnlated a wall posts for schools 
interested in promoting New Image 
rugby for girls and boys, which has 
now been played twice at Twicken- 
ham — as curtain-raisers to the 
England XV v Japan match in 
October and the University match. 
The poster illustrates simple skills 
in which both sexes compete in equal 
circumstances. 




YES 



1.^ 


B at the attention of 
the media, Mr Roth- 
erford. maintained, 
was focussed on only 
one per cent of tire 
people who play rugby: those 
likely to be involved in the five 
Nations tournament and next 
year’s World Cup. “Players 
with that kind of aspiration 
move into tiie area of 
entertainment; there is going 
to be much more media hype in 
the future.* 1 

The last review- of sporting 
bodies indicated 64 in Britain, 
thongh that number may now 
be nearer 80, all competing for 
youth in a world where young- 
sters themselves are becoming 
accustomed to new param- 
eters, involving such different 
aspects as mixed PE classes. 


the Continental school day 
(incorporating the possibility 
of school ending in the early 
afternoon) and the new GCSE 
syllabus which incorporates a 
PE section with a rugby option 
and an awareness of the 
political and social problems 
which face sport. 

“We are asking onr dobs to 
pnt a lot more effort into 
recruitment but we have a 
tfijemmau We would love the 
educational system to produce 
the players for us, as tradition- 
ally it has, but it's not going to 
do so. We at Twickenham can 
offer help, but it's the liaison 
between dabs and schools 
which is going to provide die 
players of the future. We are 
making our dubs aware of 
this, asking them to meet 
school heads to see if they can 
offer help. 


H e continued: “We 
believe we have a 
game worth sell- 
ing. It doesn't end 
at 30 ot 35, there 
is an involvement with a dab 
which is continuous. It’s been 
said that some team games are 
not safe. We maintain that, for 
a contact sport, we compare 
favourably with other sports 
and we are seeking all the time 
to make it safer.lt is a sport 
with a positive life-style, with 
social benefits.** 

Reaction from the PE advis- 
ers themselves was. predict- 
ably, mixed. There was an 
emphasis given to ensuring 
that children should partici- 
pate in games, any games, 
rather than being non-partici- 
pators, but the better teaching 
would always be found in the 
schools. 

Was there not, one adviser 


suggested, a desire among 
rugby dubs to attract the 
better games players, tearing 
no some for the not-so-abk? 
“We have lots of children 
working to get into activities 
after leaving school hut be- 
cause they are not good 
enough, they don't join a 
dub.” 

Some dubs, it was said, 
lacked facilities; others re- 
garded coaching with sus- 
picion. There was a nodding of 
heads at the suggestion that 
rnghy had not declined in 
schools as much as had been 
stated, but that rising trans- 
port costs limited the ability to 
maintain traditional fixtures. 
Could not the RFU help by 
encouraging academic staff to 
resame an interest in teaching 
rugby which they were either 
unable, or unwilling, to 
maintain? 


A pertinent comment came 
from Tom Jones, Canada’s 
technical administrator, who 
played dob ragby in England 
and for tbe England Under-23 
side: “We in North America 
are looking to the southern 
hemisphere for an example of 
bow to play the game.” This 
returns the argument to the 
shop window theory once 
more: if you have a good 
product, youngsters will seek 
to emulate it. Manifestly, over 
(he last decade, British rugby 
at international level has been 
neither successful nor attrac- 
tive when compared with 
France. Australia and New 
Zealand. 

The RFU technical staff 
meet next week to discuss the 
results of the conference, by 
which time they hope to have 
some detailed reaction firm 
the PE advisers themselves. 


RACING 


Kumbi poised 
to collect 
another prize 
at Haydock 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Kumbi, the winner of the be meeting Hardy Lad, the 
rresDondine race two sea- winner of today’s race 12 


Kumbi, the winner of the 
corresponding race two sea- 
sons ago when it carried a 
different name, is napped to 
win the Ronnie Johnston 
Memorial Trophy Chase at 
Haydock Park today in the 
hands of Sam Morshead. 

On his seasonal reappear- 
ance three weeks ago. Ginger 
McCain's big 1 1-year-old ran 
a mighty race to finish second 
to Blackhawk Star over four 
miles considering that he was 
the only member of the field 
who had not had a preparatory 
run. 

In the meantime, the form 
of that race has stood up under 
scrutiny with the third Covent 
Garden, the fourth Knock Hill 
and the sixth Lucky Vane all 
winning next time out, at 
Southwell, Worcester and 
Sandown Park, respectively. 

Every bit as important, as 
far as today’s race is con- 
cerned, Kumbi finish ed seven 
lengths in front of Corbiere 
that afternoon. 

So on only 31b better terms 
today, I find it hard to fancy 
Jenny Pitman's old war-horse 
now. However. Corbiere will 


winner of today’s race 12 
months ago, on 101b better 
terms than when they finished 
first and second in the Scottish 
Grand National at Ayr in the 
spring. As five lengths sepa- 
rated them then, Corbiere has 
a good chance of getting his 
revenge now. 

But when last seen. Hardy 
Lad could not get in a blow at 
Grinders at Ayr and that 
suggests he will find Kumbi 
too much of a handful on 
these terms. 

Otherwise, it will be in- 
teresting to see how High 
Know! feres in the Golbome 
Novices Hurdle although you 
are unlikely to get very rich 
backing him following that 30- 
length winning debut at 
Leicester last month. 

Bought for 36,000 guineas 
at the Newmarket autumn 
sales after winning four races 
in a row on the Flat for Barry 
Hills, High Know! has already 
been backed to win the Tri- 
umph Hurdle at Cheltenham 
next March. Today's race is 
small fry in comparison. 

So he could easily be the 





Corbiere, Jenny Pfanui’s 1983 Grand National winner, has his third ©a 
the Bonnie Johnston Memorial Trophy at Haydock Farit 


second leg of a double for the 
Somerset trainer Martin Pipe 
who also has a good chance of 
winning the Birkdale Novices’ 
Chase with Another Dragon. 

Last season, my selection 
was runner-up to Omerta in 
the National Hunt Chase at 
Cheltenham. 

Following in the footsteps 
of All Fair, another useful ex- 
Fiat racer who made a success- 
ful switch to hurdling earlier 


this wed: at Catterick Bridge, 
Well Rigged has a good 
opportunity in the HimDey 
Green Novices' Hurdle far 
Peter Easterby, who habitually 
does equally well under both 
codes. 

Black River, who beat Chi 
Mai by eight lengths at 
Southwell last. Friday, can 
complete a double for 
Easterby by winning the 
Beeches Farm Conditional 


HAYDOCK PARK 


Selections 

By Mandarin 


1.00 Well Rigged. 

1.30 Another Dragon. 

2.00 Black River. 


2.30 KUMBI (nap). 
3.00 Asticot. 

3.30 High KnowL 


By Michael Seely 

130 ANOTHER DRAGON (nap). 230 Hardy Lad. 

The Times Private Handicapper’s top rating: 330 HIGH KNOWL. 


Going: good to soft (chase course); soft (hurcBes) 

1X1 HINDLEY GREEN NOVICE HURDLE (£1,431: 2m) (20 runners) 

1 13 BU8MBURG (BF) (M Buddey) F Jordan 611-0 CSmtift 

2 01 REGAL STEEL (D)(StaelPMB&Secaons Ltd) RHoBnstmd (M1-0 — PDmr 


4 AVecCOEUR(Tnan»dsn) A Bafley 4-10-7 A Cam* 

10 COOL RECEPTION (j Hanson) W A Stephenson 5-10-7 RLamb 

14 00- FAJQROS (Mae's (xarags Ltd) JOM&-10-7 CUwUmg) 

21 PP- WUU REASON (V}(FLB»fFH Lae 4-1&-7 SMtfsad 

22 MSTER PONT (M Baffle) C THdv 4-10-7 GBradfaj 

23 NEW GOLD DREAM (Mrs J Mould) O Nehotetxi 5-10-7 RDmoody 

25 HORTHBMI GAMBLER fT H ammings) S Meter 4-10-7 GCtariaaJWM 

27 42-0200 SMITHY BEAR (Mrs J John) RDddn 4-10-7 W Hanffmys PI 

23 003 SWTHVS CHOKE IB) (A Btrctal) Ml A HaMttt 4-10-7 MMBbh 

29 24P-OQ2 SUPREME CHAPTER {Charier Racing Ltd) Mrs J Pitman 4-10-7 CMaan 

33 0 VtCKSTOWN (Home & Trade Ltd) B Morgan 4-10-7 C Grant 

34 VICTOR tdSERT (W McfeHoiti} R Gotte 4-1 Q>7 B Storey 

36 WELL RKGED (Mrs J Mounted) M H Easterby 6167 LWyer 

38 DTS WAG (Mss a Sykes) Mbs B9ytas 6104 JDQaviee(7) 

39 OCTr BE LATE (TKBoaX Sons Ltd) RE Peacock 4-10-2 M Hamad 

40 MQHOALE (Mrs PCosgra*e)JCo9gravo 4-102 TPUMd(l) 

44 PASSAGE TO FREEDOM (D McCw) D McCfcn 4-102 Aktapfcy (7) 

0 ST ANL0(B Wols) B Wale 4-102 Jessica CtnrfesJmM (7) 

1985: HOWYGROVE BANKER 4-11-7 J J OTfc* (11-10 tav) D McCain 19 ran 


CnDRI BUNDABURGhas not run since mM-Septsmberwten (11-6) a sSgtavdtetppoIntfng 3rd beaten 
rUnm 8HoFattncourt (1610) alW an uc k (2m. E8SS. firm. Sapl 2Q.17 ran)- fl£GAI.STEEl,aqBmB and 

consistent haras on the Flat, (i i-a bast suprenechmter ii i-m ya at Ludowwitft swiwrs CHOICE n i- 
0) %1 (inter tack in 3rd (2 ri. EBffi, good. Nov 28. 17 rant SMnHY BEAR (10-ia<tapporting since 1X1 2nd 
to ErtJS&n Ruler (1612) at Wolverhampton (2m 4f, £856. firm, Nov 5, 12 ran)! NEW GOU) DREAM, an trail 


0) W hatter tack to 3rd (2m, £885, good. Nov 28. 17 ran). SMITHY BEAR (10-12) <! 
to Erosan Ri4er (10-12) at Wcrfvertampton (2m 4f. £856. firm. Nov 5, 12 ran). fe 
JmportJJl -13) teal Hfaiy's PM (11 -10) a short head ina Down Royal NJLRatracs 
ran). ST ANLO dsanolntad on hutAna debut having been (10-9) a promising 4th. 
(11-0) m a Warwick N.RRat race (2m. £879, torn. Sept 20. 17 ran). 

Setecttoo: SUPREK CHARTEH 

1.30 BIRKDALE NOVICE CHASE (£2,306: 3m) (7 runners) 

1 D0O-10F ROYAL REPLY 60 (W Read) W Reed 6-11-1 

2 31F4-12 DUTCH UMD (BF)(DKntghn4 Denys Sm4HS-1 1-0 

3 2P0/P22- ANQTHBl DRAGON (Mrs W Gardan) M Pipe 10-10-8 

4 06U2FF DSP AUBURN (Mrs NPWtahJJ Parish 7-168 

5 2P324 WOODSIDE ROAO (Pnwrting Homos) D Nfeteteon 6-10-8 

7 21120-2 YAHOO (J Hanson) J Henson 5-10-7 

8 03P-42P QANEWOQD (G Muon) Mrs C Qartt 6163 


90, good. Apr 12, 24 
22SI, fo Le Carotie- 


_ Mr T Reed 74 8-1 

COaat 94PM 

J Lower (7) *99 4-1 

~ N Foam (7) — 20-1 

. RDanwoody 96 3-1 

— GBredtoy 89 6-1 

- R Earmkaw 81 10-1 


1985: STRANDS OF GOLD 6-11-1 M Dwyer ( 9-4 far) Jenny Fitzgerald 5 ran 


2L0 BEECHES FARM CONDITIONAL JOCKEYS HANDICAP HURDLE (£1,471: 
runners) 


2m) (18 


1 2031-03 ACStCATE (D) (0 NoeQ P Ctartton 5-11-10 

2 31820/ KESCAST (J Mason) M Bps 6-11-B 

4 3124-33 PWCBOFLOVa (D) (J Cahen) D Moltstt 8-11-6 

5 413401 TASHONYAfD) (Mrs VlMsflsJB Weis 4-11-5 (7ex) 

6 roooro jhaffttahzi (dj pv LAey; ft ue 6tt-4 

7 0RM22 BLACK SMEP (D) (Mrs E Dudgeon) I Dudgeon 9-11-4 

9 00100 - LONDON LEADER (D) (Ctwnpion Headwear Ltd) RLM 4-11-0 

10 049100 SHADY LEGACY (D)(D Puflh) R Moms 5-10-13 

11 0021-00 MATELOT 66 (B SommervOa) M Naughton 4-10-13 

15 0001-00 BUGATT1 (D){D Malara) O BmM 8-10-0 


10030P RJQRIW 


K Cottar (5) 

J Lowe r 

_ NON-mBMER 

D Mania (3) 

. S McQystal (5) 

— P Bowman (7) 

— BDawCng(3) 

OHogg(7) 

WHoapMaaP) 
PMcOannott 



SOUTHWELL 


Selections 

By Mandarin 


12.45 Border Rambler. 
1.15 Doon Venture. 
1.45 Stubbs Daughter. 


2.15 WoodburgiL 
2.45 The Kulak. 

3. 15 Peace Terms. 


Michael Seely’s selection: 2.45 The Kulak. 


Going: soft (with heavy patches) 

1JL45 CHRISTMAS PUDDING NOVICE CHASE (£1,056: 3m 110yd) (11 runners) 

2 F4U221 PRINCE METTERWCH (CD) (R England) C J Qotl 5-11-0 M Dwyer 9SPM 

3 030-33 BORDER RAMBLER (R Tyrar) G Rfcteds 6-10-10 P Tuck . — 4-1 

4 42F22T- fiWBfYm/PSIT(7l»agg)OLWttams5-TO-fO R Crank 099 7-2 

5 0-CR0OF CONSTABLE KELLY (Mayor L Tham) Ms J Barrow 6-10-10 MBojfay (4) 84 10-1 

6 OOOP-PP DWUR—1EAC (C Bravery) C Bravery 6-10-10 — 

7 20-40RJ EMO FOREVER (V) (A McCiuskey) M H Easterly 8-10-10 D Dutton — 12-1 

10 P QUARTER TOWN (B) (Ms J O'SiAvan) P BuHer B-10-10 G Moore — — 

11 043P-UF ROOGBl DELL (SFfaeiraiDJSdwmH 6-10-10 DBravne 

12 PPU-02F STAND FIRM (Grantee Rktenis) Grantee Rfctards 6-10-10 HOmfea 84 6-1 

15 P/0P3O- DUSTY RUN (A MwdziaW) R Shepherd 6-10-5 R Stronger 

17 YOUR DEAD RIGHT (H Bourn) R Woodhouu 5-10-2 — 

1985: THE BUILDER 6-103 Mr P Niven (4-1) Mrs G Revetay 7 ran 

1.15 CHRISTMAS BOX SELLING HURDLE (S-Y-O: £784: 2m) (14 runners) 

1 21 DOON VENTURE (D)(Fua Circle ThoraughtrodsC Pic) NTMdar 11-4 _ M Dwyer 95 F9-4 

2 PI TYRAIWISE(C)(0 BanB McMahon 10-13 MBronrem 90 5-2 

5 0 CLASS HOPPBl(F Tar) WBsey 10-12 — PTuck 

6 POO RC WC (V Searle) N Lee-Judson 10-12 RStronga — — 

7 0 JOUSTING DOT (SBmer)M Chapman 10-18 SMBeM( 7) — l<-1 


9 

10 

000 SWALLOW T1K (B) (E Lira&G) Ron Ttempsan 1612 

F TARA DANCER (DSotey)CTmdflr 1612 

. G Harter 
A Steiger 

89 

— 

12 

Cfl (^UW(COtIIllSl(OH»^R1fefiop167 . _ 

BCHi* 



7-1 

13 

re QALBY GUL fJ Beteowj P fiafgafit 167 

S Jetneon 

— 


16 

OOF OUR MUMSE (W Wteon) N ByrmO 167._ . 

.... - n Hanna 



17 

PO OUR NOORA (V) (3 Setters) J Patm 167 





18 

303422 REPETITIVE (M Pipe) M Pipe 167 

P Scudamore 

8011-2 


TS85; ULUN FLEUR 10-7 S McNeffl 25-1 C Draw 8 ran 

Course specialists 


MHEastertjy 
G Richards 


TRAINERS 

Winners Rimers per Cent 

6 15 40.0 RHyett 

17 77 22.1 R Crank 

8 40 20.0 M Dwyer 

6 30 20.0 D Dutton 

6 33 162 M Brennan 

6 35 17.1 


JOCKEYS 

Whneis Rides PorCWit 
6 28 21.4 

15 SO 168 

8 47 17.0 

9 61 14£ 

20 154 13J) 

Only quarters 


Guide to our in-line racecard 

ESFORM (CXLBF) (Mrs JRytetfBHaS 9-104) 


Racecard number. Draw in brackets. Six-figure 
farm (F-feK. P-fxJted up. U-unseated rider. B- 
brought down. S-sOpped up. R-ietused). Horae’s 
name (B-dflnJcerS- H-hood. E-Eyest*ei&C- 

courae winner. D-dtsmnca winner. CCLoouree 


and (fistance winner- BF-beaton tovourite In IMsst 
race). Owner in brackets. Trainer. Age and 
wwghL Ridar plus any aBowanoa. The Times 
fttvae Hatxaapper's ratng. Appna hra starting 

price. ! 







2^0 RONNIE JOHNSTON MEMORIAL TROPHY HANDICAP CHASE (£2^86: 3m 4Q (6 
runners) 

1 3130P-2 KUMBI (CO) (DLunODMcCMnl 1-1 1-7 SMaertroad 99F7-4 

2 P432-32 HAIDY LAO (CO) (Ms J kMgan) B VfiHnson 9-11-6 M IHanmnwiI 94 O-t 

4 12F2-00 CQRBERE (B Bunough) Mrs J Orman 1 1-10-10 Bdettae #99 4-1 

5 001-340 WHY FCXKZriDHPHta) W A Steptenaoi 10-10-10 RLaab S3 6-1 

6 1AJ044-F GOLDEN KNOLL (Mrs J McKacMe)S Melor 7-100 GCIurtM Inaii 9712-1 

8 BPP-232 ROYAL JET (G Faktekri) G Faetetm 9-100 B»oroy 91 10-1 

196& HAMIY LAO 5-10-2 A Stringer (6-1) B WMnon 10 ran 



3.0 WIDfffiS SELLING HURDLE (£830: 2m 6f) (10 runners) 

1 3PO-21 ASnCOT(MraH Hogben) DWintie 4-11-0 

2 80-2F1F NASEH (M Bray-Cotton) w Clay 4-11-0 

3 32HP-Q NASHOOO (7 WBson) hha N MacaJay 5-11-0- 

4 410640- UPO STYLE (D Bertfay) PBeran 5-11-0 

5 004341 TRACK MARBHAU. (H Inaley) D L WMems 4-110 

6 490444 DR CORNELUS (B) (F Barton) F Barton 5-100 

7 00004- EARTH WORKS (W Marcta*) G M Moore 4-100 

8 0 ITS A LAUGH (BQ(M Pipe) M Pipe 4-10Q. — — 

10 43-030B PHflJ-YAT>tETTC(M Carter) JKaCteweD4-lM 

11 O- SCOLT HEAD (MTB B Curtoy) B Curtsy 4-10-9 


A Can! R99 7-0 

_ DtamCUy (7) 18 6-1 

IG Amytege (4) 98 — 

— S Nonhead 91 8-1 

.AQednrO) 96 90 


1995: TVO STYLE 4-10-8 G McCourt (8-1) P Sevan 7 ran 


_ J Lower(4) 
_ S K Mh nl 
■ EOWap) 


98 — 
91 6-1 
96 90 

78 

— 12-1 
— F9-4 
95 — 

m 12-1 


CORM ASTICOT never able to 
rvirem KamHB(ii-0)a*>iM» 


dhriaonwtan 


KamHB(ll-0)8' 
> sapped before 
Bonfire (11-5) a W 


able to get on torma in nor 
witt OR CORNELIUS (10-12 
3 out at Uttoxerer (an, £98 


i hjrtt8rl7tbeckta4thandl 
good to soft. Nov 13, 15 ran) 


whrfl V6) beat 
ffirfjj o-iajnM. 

badbfonaedof 


(10-ia a 4) 4tt to kosOn Ruler m Wotvartrampion (2m 41. £856. Ibm. Nov 5. iZrert. P49LLY AlHLE 
per this season, last Sprtog (10^ scored a 13 win over Crowfoots Couture (11-a) at NawcmitnC 
BS84, heavy. Jwi 22. 7 ran). Sefectfan NASHOOO 

3J0 GOLBORNE NOVICE HURDLE (3-Y-O: £1,076: 2m) (15 runners) 

1 023102 BANTEL BUSHY TO(JTfcjtor StedehB LM) J Berry 114 Shanenjanea 

3 1 MGH KNOWL (D) (Anchorage Marina Ud)M Pipe 114) J Loan (4) 

4 F BORKMM {RJi Cfccfe C Pfc) N TMdor 10-7 1 GBracfley 

6 04 CASUAL PASS (J Montson) GW Mctards 167 J Italian 

7 COSttUlA7H(MPoimon)D Batten 0-7 — — 

8 CRICKET HOUSE (Ms N PariWd J Pateh 10-7 NPeera(7) 

10 HOTPLATE (WWBeaamy Bakers Lid) OMcCMn 167 KDootai 

13 PB TEXT DANCE (Mr* E HeMDsm) M NauglROR 10-7 BSBoray 

14 OB THE STAK» DEALBI (J Mooras) E Alston 107 MBrtdmm 

16 UNEX-PLMiED (B Eddishaw) 6 M Moore 10-7 H Hawaaead 

18 ARRAS STYLE (MraCCtak) Mrs CCtark 1(M H Eanutew 

19 P KQJ.Y UMX) (Bare P Cos^ave) J COs^ave 10-2 TPhriMd(7) 

20 B LOVE AT LAST (V*»M Ctartton) E Alston 1M HMaagta 

21 • QIEEN OF SWORDS (R Bettors) R HoBnahead 102 POevar 

22 90 STANDON MIX (R Matey) J WBson T62 MraGftsaa 

1985: SITWIG PLAYER 11-0 C Hawkins (5-4 fav) F Lea 19 ran 


m probably i 
’.Nov5, IZn 


■B Mat season ( 2 m 61. £831 . 
■terrace prior to tort whan 
.Ft9LLY MHLEnC, batour- 
) at Nawcasfe (2m 120yds, 



8810-1 

• 99F46 



TRAINERS 

Wimera Runners per 

7 24 

IS 69 

8 45 

5 70 

Only qualifiers 


1.45 CHRISTMAS TREE HANDICAP CHASE (£1,604: 2m 74yd) (8 runners) 

2 040-F41 FEARLESS 0<P (J Truman) R Shepherd 11-12-1 (Sex) R Strong* tH 

3 P-01131 STUBBS DAUGHTER (CO) (FKe>h-Roac9i)K BaBay 9-11-7. AJonee 83 

4 312-021 ALDRO (CD) (P R4ey) W Clay 10-1 1-6 _____ SJOTtoR SI 

5 24320P- ROSTRA (Mis O PfankMI) R Araiytage 7-J1-6 MrMAmfy tag* (7) 99 

6 112434 THE W&DBMRYaWJC PC Jackson 6-11-6 R Hyatt 84 

9 3-1103 KERENS (CDJBKR Causer) T BB B-lt-0 RCrank 87 

10 1223-PP DOVS?(J Wooffland) HFterTWrg 6-1M D Dottoa 90 

11 0P14-Q1 AWNMG (M Hennques) M Hennquas 6160 JSsOwra 90 

1985: TEREie 7-169 R Craifc (3-1) T BB 5 ran 

2.15 CHRISTMAS STOCKING HANDICAP CHASE (£1,337: 3m 110yd) (8 runners) 


1 20/3BPO- BALLY-GO (D)(CC BeQ Jknny Rtzgerald 6-123 

2 44P-223 PRSEN FUR (CD) (W Peacock) GRttnards 9-11-11 _ 

4 323-P03 KAMB1 (F 8ro*m) A Jervis 6-11-0 

5 21230F MIGHTY DISASTER (D Hammond) A Jajvia 6-1 1-0 

8 40P-FD1 WOOOBURGH (CD) (M Staveos) J Bosley 6-10-3 (Saa). 

10 3F0040- YOUNG BLOOD (PDotany) 6 Chrtetan 7-161 

14 30P-000 FLYING MBTRESS W CT Be*) J Webber 6160 

15 023D/PO ANBURO (CD) (Mss R Schoiay) R Scftotey 6104) 


— M Dwyer 96 F64 

PTuck 92 61 

TJ amt 87 5-1 

SShkaton 92 61 

M Boeiey (4) *99 7-2 

— R Baggaa -85161 

— GMeroagh — 14-1 

. P Denela (4) — 261 


1985: JWBJEE KMG 7-610 R Balfour (33-1) M Chapman 5 ran 


2-45 CHRISTMAS PARTY CONDlTIDNAL JOCKEYS NOVICE HURDLE (£924: 
runners) 

1 ia «arM^^tn=w(gnffJiMhM*fCHnfcpm.fc.i-i.rn _ 

3 0001 RUBY FLIGHT (D)(H EcWey) R EeWey 4-1 1-2 MBowfoy 

5 OOOP-O COWAL SHORE (C Parker) S MeNor 611-0 GLaataa 

8 460320 DEBBIES PRINCE IBFJpWsD Bravery) C Bravery 61 14) .... — 

7 P/ DUELUNC(CHc*»ra)C Hones 61 1-0 JThrie 

12 0 PtCADULT LORO (PLftteolJG Hofler 611-0 RCanar 

16 44 TIC KULAK (C Andrews) K Bailey 611-0 JHhM 


an) (14 


19 00-2032 COLOtELJAAESfDO'Caflaghan) Mrs SOiror 4-1611 JaapdOttar 

20 04) CflAKJS VENTURE (MreEfludgfl)E Carter 4-1611 R Fahey 

24 003 MLLAHT BAY (RGomeraagNTmhler 4-1611. HJactaOitB) 

25 34 MAFTm (B) (Mss S Lavery) M James 4-1611 JRQuta 

28 066 RIVERSBE WRTTMI (West Mkfonda Raeng Ctofl) K Bridgwanr 4-1611 . K Rym 

30 000- ASERMANDA (L Wild) Jknmy Rttperafd 7-10-9, Q Lyons (5) 

33 2 MOOS. LADY (Nfland & Treacy ConstructicnjO OTfaifl 4-10-6 PGnsatck 

19B& CLBUB.Y BUST 5-11-10 D Hood (9-1) C Hofenes 13 ran 


86 61 
• 99F7-2 


Hurd’s support 
delights Sunday 
racing lobby 


The I 


emerges 
ship shape 

By Peter Man on 


By Michael Seely SlilU 

dSiScfeS: By Peter Maraon 

highly with opposed jtas ; ^V me Harnps hire 13 

tfaesu^giveohyDoug^ Sunday Royal N avy- 24 

Hurd, the Home Secretary, K) tne w- _ nracxical propo* — „ 

the idea of Sunday ranngm his racuj inl^bSh off and on- The Royal Navy beat Hamp- 
speech at t he Gma^mn^ jnon unl«sbom on ^ ^ ^ fi|S ^ ln 

in York on Tuesday night- course winng at nil sea - the home of 

General Sir Ccol Starker, ^J^rkwrighL clerk of the p 0 nsmouth’s RFC who «-fc- 
deputy senior jwjBdof the Mm Chelten- brale their centenary this year - 

Jocky Qub and diairman of c° Lirs v ry ,_p rir p f i -m don't see it , n a free-scoring match yes- 
tbeir working party on Sun^ ^^S^very practical in the terd ay. in which a windfall of 
SSLAJt aStfTat i. mgdm five ftaM for 2 


racing, said: “The Home 
Secretary’s support is very en- 
cour^ngand bears out my own 
view that the public would 
welcome the opportunity of 
being allowed to come racing on 


“The stewards of the Jockey 
Club will shortly be considering 
my working parry’s final report, 
which will be published early in 
the New Year. However, we 


down very well on a limited 
number of Sundays on the Flat 
in the summer.” f 

Most trainers are in favour Of 
the move. Michael Sioute. the 
seasons leading Rat race 
trainer, said yesrerday: UT 
course we want to see it as 11 
means fresh money coming into 
the industry. We already send 
horses abroad ro race on Sun- 


oftbc season in 
ay 


Jockeys Handicap Hunfle. 

At Southwell, I give the East 
Dsley trainer Krai Bapey a 
good chance ofalso picking up 
a couple of prizes with Stubbs 
Daughter (1.45) and The Kb- 
iak (2.45). 

Stubbs Daughter, my selec- 
tion for the Chrisbiias Tree 
Handicap Chase, is something 
of a standing dish on the 
Nottinghamshire track having 
won four races there already. 


— 3.15 CHRISTMAS CAKE HANDICAP HURDLE (£1 J270: 2m 4f) (12 runners) 


3 402-POO BLACKWELL BOV pipriamSoutt West) A Jamss 611 -7 n 

4 24/03PP- MOUNT RULE (D) (D Gena) C J B«9 611-6 - 

6 OCTWO MBSIOOW(RYatos}CFCJ8ek W n611-5 

11 F21FP4 KWGHTS HSR (R FBtey) H Wtetop 61613 

13 006140 PEACE TERMS (B) (J EmV£) G RctiVdS 4-1612 

15 021106 ASTRAL LADY (D) (Mrs CDook)MreC Dock 6l6l0 — - 

17 016231 KAMttL(C)fBCutey)OBreiiwn 4-10-3 

18 004640 MARY KATE OBRei (Mis BGUtoyIBCMMy 6161 

19 (M P-440 KALOOKJBERT{Di(HOowsBtI)RHartop6161 — 

21 413115V reGAL TOUCH (R Tsnstey) Mre S Austin 6160 

22 0003-40 EYE FLASHER (B.C) [H Maddevfrf) R«x Caiw 4-10-0 

23 3340P)D KMG OF STRESS (W HmtWO L Hairi» 61(H) 


. G Jaws 

HDwytr 
_ R Hyatt 


DMteta 

R Crank 

p watawow 

S Woods (7) 

JAKarts 


96 12-1 
9412-1 

a — 

83 61 
93 — 
• 99 62 
9BF64 
89 — 

97 61 


1986: WAR AND PEACE 610-BRP<W*4 (61) D Mis 12 ran 


expect the degree of support 
required to achieve the nec- 
essary change in legislation. 

“ 1 very much hope that our 
proposals will stimulate a wide 
measure of public approval and 
also obtain the whole hearted 

backing of the racing and betting 
industries.” 

Talking in the same vem at 
Haydock Park yesterday, Tris- 
tram Ricketts, the chief exec- 
utive of the Levy Board, 
commented: “We welcome the 
Home Secretary's positive 
endorsement of the principle of 
Sunday racing, which we see as 
an integral part of the continu- 
ing effort to promote racing as a 
spectator sport. We now stand 
together with the Jockey Club 
and General Blacker, and his 
working party, to help with the 
necessary steps.” 

Not unnaturally, there are 
varying views throughout the 
industry. Alfie Bruce, chairman 
of the National Association of 
Bookmakers which r eprese n ts 
the course operators, said: “We 
welcome the whole idea and 
would not be at afl averse to 
seeing an experimental, period 
with on-course betting alone.” 


nvniuug — — • t 

would present no special 
problems.” _ . . . 

Other news from the Jockey 
Qub yesterday concern major 
changes to the Flat partem for 
1987 and 1988. Following the 
an n ua l meeting of the European 
Pattern Committee held in Dub- 
lin last week, the stewards 
announced a number of major 
changes. 

The most welcome news is 
that the St James’s Palace Stakes 
and the Coronation Stakes at 
Ascot's royal meeting are both 
to be upgraded from Group two 
to Group one. So. too, is their 
big mile race in September, tbe 
Queen Elizabeth U Stakes, to be 
accorded the same status. 

This change has been tong 
overdue, as anyone who 
watched Sure Blade beat Green { 
Desert at Ascot this June and 
also saw Sonic Lady wi n the 
Coronation Stakes will appre- 
ciate. 

The Queen Elizabeth II Stakes 
has tong been a race of 
championship status. This au- 
tumn it was won by Sure Blade 
and in 1 985 Shadeed gained lhat 
spectacular victory over Tele- 
prompter. 


five (ries formed the basis for a 

match tally of 37 points. 

Of these, three goals and two 
penalty goals belonged to ibe 
Navy whose ability m attack 
was matched by a soUd defence 
which was often at lull sU £t<J 
against a Hampshire W which 
countered with a goal, a try and 
a penalty' goal. 

This was the Navy s second 

match in the new- season - they 
had previously done well w beat 
Cornwall by 7 points to 3 - and 
their last outing before embark- 
ing on a series of matches in the 
New Year culminating in their 
first match in the inter-services 
tournament against tbe .Army. 

Hampshire's cause would 
have been helped bad Tellow s 
place kicking been more ac- 
curate. The Navy, though, al- 
ways managed to look the better 
team and they enjoyed a marked 
superiority in the back row of 
the scrummage where Griffin 
and Wood played splendidly 
throughout; at half back where 
Livingstone and Whittington 
combined smoothly, and at full 
back, where Boon distinguished 
himself in attack and defence. 

h was Boon's entry into the 
line and a well-timed pass that 
gave Penfold the room to score 
the Navy's first try. 
Whittington’s fine kick from the 
e d g e of touch brought him the 
first two in a personal tally of a 
dozen. 

H aw p ate tt Trias: Hodges, Atkins. Coer 
Manktaow. Para Manioakw. Royal Navy: 


Trie* Pentad, Gnffin. Gragnton. Conver- 
sions: Whittington (3). Panamas: 


Forgive’N Forget 
in good heart 


HAMPSHIRE: C Me nWatow (Hampshire 
Police): E Over (US Portsmouth), D 
Palmar (Southampton). I CtaoOer (Pons- 
moutn). C Allans (Royal Stgnatefc C 
Emmanuel (Southampton Dntv). B 
Hodges (Portsmouth): R NV c ri o te o n (Tro- 
ians). T NowaB (Jersey), N Carolyn 
(Portsmoufti), M StaUon (US Ports- 
mouth. capij. J Hotav (Easttefanj. D Nora 
(jersey). M Osborn (Alton), R Lantraman 
(Gosport & Fararam). Rep lace ment p 


Nelson (Ite ol Wight). 

ROYAL NAVY: AB O I 


Fdrgrve'N Forget remains 
favourite at 7-2 to repeat his 
1985 tri um ph in the Chelten- 
ham Gold Cup after a tenJengdi 
defeat of Cybrandiaa in the 
Tommy Whittle Chase at 
Haydock Park yesterday (Mi- 
chael Steely writes). 

“That's pot him on target for 
tbe King George,” said Jimmy 
Fitzgerald, having recorded his 
43rd access of the campaign. 
“Mark Dwyer said be needed 
the race badly which is not 
surprising as he’s had an abcess 
in his mouth for the past seven 
days or so.” 

Fitzgerald then added that. 
Joint Sovereignty and Special* 
Vintage would also go to 
Kempion to branch a three- 
pronged stable as ranlt on 
Kempron's rich Boxing Day 
prizes. 

After starting at the prohib- 
itive price of 3-1 on. Forgive’N 
Forget was restrained by Dwyer 
as Cybrandian farced the strong 
pace that recently saw him win 
the Rehearsal Chase at 
Chepstow. 

As usual, tbe mne-year-okFs 
jumping was economical and 
flat when relaxed. And when 
Dwyer moved him up to chal- 
lenge at tbe second fence from 
home, Fotgive’N Runet made 
his only mistake. He then 
jumped the final obstacle per- 
fectly and immediately sprinted 
dear. Kg Brown Bear, tbe only 
other runner, finished a distance 

away in third place. 

Remarkably, despite five pre- 
vious victories on the course, 
this was tbe only time that 
Forgive’N Forget has won this 
particular race, having been 
beaten a length byr Gave Chance 
in 1984 and having finished a 
remote third to Earls Brig last 
December. 

Tbe season's leading trainer is 
now looking forward to attack- 
ing Saturday's SGB Chase at 
Ascot with Budko, an easy 


Or get remains winner at Haydock before 
2 to repeat his finishing a disappointing third 
in the Chelten- when odds on behind Simon 
iftera ten^engtb Legree at Sandown. 
andian in the Michael Oliver said that West j 
tie Chase at Tip is in fine trim after bis | 
yesterday (Mi- outing behind I Haventaligbt at ! 
esL Cheltenham last Friday and said i 

im en large! for that last season's Grand Na- 
6 ,” said Jimmy tionai winner will now attempt 
og recorded his to defy top weight against the 
‘ tbe campaign, 0 f Bucko, Broadheath, 

said be needed Door i arrh. and Sign Again in 
which is not Ascot’s valuable chase. 

5 had an abcess Doth Fitzgerald and Dwyer 
r the past seven completed a double when 
Avoport beat Vital Boy by a 
en added that, length in tbe Ashton Novices’ 
ty and Special Hurdle, but their hopes of a 
also go to treble had earlier been dashed 


PwrfoW (Ratagn), 
(Sultan). AB R Pa 


AB O Boon (Sultan): U R 
in). Wn App A Katatt 
Packer (Sheraton). Li S 


(RM Deal); U W Dantam (CTC RM). Mm 
J Onffitfts (40 Commando RM), Am S 
Lord (SeahawW. Cpl M HdweB (CTC RM. 
capO. PO P Eliati (Seanawk), Um B 
Woodcock (Daedalus), Leera Q Wood 
(CTC RML AB J Grttfln (Drake). 

Reform: Mr A Reay (Somerset Society). 


when Comeragh King had fallen 
at the second-last fence when 
dear of his rivals in (he R tbMe 
Novices' Chase. 

King George entries 

X»v Game VI Rank Ctaae (Grade k 
3m): Beau Ranger Byrs, Bolands Cross 7, 
Broadtaatt & Castle Warden 9. Charter 
Party 8. Coomtm Dkflj 10. Cy&rarxkan a 
Deearl Orctad 7, Door Latch 8, Drive (to 
JvnreyB. Foratvs'N Forget 9. HaMFraalO, 
Ham case 8. Kyoto 8, Oregon Trial 6, 
Peartyman 7, RocWiald Boy 9. Rui And 
SWp 8. Siwi Again 8, Staton Legree 9, 
Snarstay l. Tte Mighty Mac if. Very 
Promising 8, Von Trc^pe 9. Wayward Lad 
1 1 , Western Sunset ia WMt tip 9. (To be 
run at Kempton Rarit, December 2Q. 

Tote pays for 
its mistake 

The Tote declared a dividend 
of £2330 for Beas Dire, the 
heavily backed 3-1 winner of the 
Montagu Selling Hurdle at , 
Huntingdon yesterday, bet five I 
urinates before the start of the ■ 
second race they discovered a 
computer error and officially 1 
corrected ft to £10.10. 

It was an expensive error for 
the Tote, the local manager 
stating: “ Most of the w moors 
had been paid out when we 
realised the mistake-” 


Results from two meetings 


Heaney. Warrior Unde, 25 Podaroa, 
Nipwv Smrm. Mortem Castle. Rhode 
island Red (fith). Ritous, Mengnam Sire 
(pp).22ran. 81, »L sh hd, 8L 8L J JenKJns 
at Epsom. Tote £10.10; £3.50. £15.10. 
£11.70. OF: £4M0 ntornr of second wrtfi 
Vi^otter terse. CSF: £52.06. Bought In 



Cop (P ScudNiiom. 11-10 
3. CetaMAaracBon (PTUck, 11-10 
. 3 ret 1*L 12L JS wlsonatAyr. 
Otto B&Sa DR £3,10, CSF: E1BJQ7. 

X30 C2m 4f MU 1. AVOPORT M 
(H Coleman, 11- 
26-" 


Santa tou). Wktoab. 16 ran. 1L 5t Dti, 
10L 7L Jmmy FtageraU at MaSon. Tom: 
£490; a.ltf CLOT &M. Dft £1730. 
CSF: £25.18. 

Ptocepocn.TOa 

Huntingdon 

Gofojp good to soft 
12M (2n 100yd hole) 1. BEAU DttEjS 
Swwxid. 6tt 2. Just Tbe Tktat ffl 
Dutton, 12-1); 3. RanriBa (M Hfi. 261). 


50 

dtat.lOL J 
£4^0; £1_ 
CSF: £1235. 




Hfi. 261). 
Dust (594 4 


Dutton. 12-1); 3. RanriBa 
ALSO RAN: 62 fav A 
Tana Wst 7 Ha iO MU ) 

Gift. Susan. 10 Ba ^osfara 14 Irish 
Drtensns, Ohaadh, 20 Career Madness 
(ur). Cteal, Four For unde, Pamela 


3Mng C avaBer <G Lanaeu. 14-lh ' 3 , 

SS^rfisratKa 

Music ( SttJL 5_ran. SI. 201. nk, 1SI. P 

2S-M: S .Oreme Bay iC Mann. 

Moore. 33 - il 

Brtywtta^WAOanoy^rKS 

ftra.apNfojffiSrundyCpu^Q^i 

aebssaanAfr 

P Pnra n Laonoaer. Tow E4.70; £1.80 
£3.10, £690, £11.10. DP: OLM «SF 
£12651. Tricact £1625.71. 

Ptocapat £833.15. | 


| Monaco to 
; host sevens 
! tournament 

| By David Hands 

Rugby Coirespoadeot 

1 If enthusiasm for the 15-a- 
: side game is not at an al(-tirae 
high in the northern hemi- 
sphere. the abbreviated game, 
sevens, continues to attract 
players and sponsors. The latest 
international tournament is the 
Glenlivet Monte Carlo event, to 
be held in Monte Carlo on May 
10 and drawing eight teams 
from Britain, France and Italy. 

The evenL under tbe patron- 
age of Prince Rainier, will be 
staged in the Louis II Stadium, 
which holds 23,000 people. It 
will cost £100,000 to stage, of 
which £40,000 will come from 
the Glenlivet Distillery. 

England, Scotland, Ireland 
and Wales will be represented 
by, respectively, the Public 
School Wanderers, the Co-Op- 
timists, the Wolfoounds and 
Crawshav’s Welsh. In addition. 
Albert Ferasse. the president of 
the French Rugby Federation, is 
organizing a VII: Jean-Piene 
Rives, the former French cap- 
tain, is raising a Monaco lnviia- 
tton VII; a South of France VII 
wifi be drawn from Toulouse, 
Toulon and Nice; and the 
Italian Zebras, make up the 
octet 

The tournament has been 
devised by three Monaco res- 
idents: Ian Bracken bury, a for- 
mer captain and president of 
Esher; Rob Cowper, the former 
Australian cricketer and John 
Swain, another Australian who 
was president of the Adelaide 
Australian Rules club and re- 
tired to Monaco. 

Mr Brackenbury, chairman of 
the tournament management 
committee, said in London 
yesterday he hoped it would 
become a glamorous event to 
equal — or surpass — the 
emenain/nem offered by the 
Cathay Pacific/Hong Kong 
Bank tournament. 

Hedgehogs 
continue 
their tour 

By Paul Martin 

Despite its announced can- 
cellation last week, the un- 
authorized tour by the South 
African rugby team, the Hedge- 
hogs, is continuing in the south 
of England. 

The Hedgehogs, whose games 
have usually been against Sec- 
ond XVs. claim they are to play 
another match today, with more 
to follow on Sunday, Tuesday 
and next weekend. Naturally, 
they an? not disclosing the 
venues nor their opponents. 
They have, they say, played 
three matches since their pres- 
ence in Britain became publicly 

known. 

"Since the publicity, it’s been 
a matter of us choosing whom to 
play, we’ve had so many offers.” 
busied Andrew Everett, a Brit- 
ish Subject born in Lesotho and 
a medical student at the Univer- 
sity of Otpe Town, who plans to 
further his studies in Britain. A 
third of the team, which in- 
cludes only three first-team 
players, are UCT students, oth- 
ers recent graduates. The party 
includes various nationalities 
but no blacks. 




* / 


Hampshire 

Roy al Navy- — >»■■■• — 24 

The Royal Navy beat Hamp- 
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\eare at Hilsea - the home of 


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TENNIS 


Fitzgerald and 
Smid rise to 
the occasion 


by accident 


By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 
J 9 hn Fitzgerald and Tomas his otherwise macho 


Smid, champions of France 
and former champions of the 
United States, gave the 
Nabisco Masters Doubles a 
crisp and impressively com- 
petent start at London’s Royal 
Albert Hall yesterday. They 
beat Christo Sieyn and Dani 
Visser, of South Africa, 7-6, 6- 
4, 4-6, 6-2 in two hours and 1 6 
minutes. 

It was only by accident that 
Fitzgerald and Smid, doubles 
specialists from Australia and 

Czechoslovakia respectively, 
formed what may be described 

as an “Occasional” team Farh 

turned up for the 1984 US 
championships without a 
partner and Smid, looking for 
somebody to take care of the 
advantage court, asked Fitz- 
gerald to oblige. They won the 
tournament. 

Fitzgerald had already won 
the Australian title, with John 
Alexander, and Smid reached 
the 1984 French final with his 
regular Davis Cup partner, 
Pavel Slozil. Yesterday, their 
combined experience and 
doubles skills asked too much 
of Sieyn and the left-handed 
Visser, a useful team whose 
1986 record includes five 
finals, one of which they won. 

The South Africans play 
together far more often than 
Fitzgerald and Smid, who did 
not originally qualify for the 
Albert Hall, but, having filled 
a gap in the draw, they must 
now be regarded as serious 
contenders for the title. 

They blow the craft of 
doubles, understand each 
other’s game and always give 
100 per cent — partly because 
that is the way they are made 
and partly because they are 
not quite good enough, at this 
level, to get away with much 
less. 

Fitzgerald's looks and brisk 
gait are reminiscent of another 
fine doubles player, the re- 
cently-retired Sandy Mayer. 
Smid, a big man who always 
looks slightly surprised, wore 
pole blue socks yesterday — a 
sartorial choice at odds with 



appearance. 

On the other side of the net, 
Visser wore three white 
wrappings — one round his 
head and two round his racket 
arm. Perhaps he feared dis- 
integration. When feeling 
particularly frustrated, both 
Visser and Sieyn were prone 
to swish their rackets angrily 
across the court surface as n 
swatting imaginary daisies. 

These were interesting men 
and they played a match iHnt 
was often darkling and seldom 
duIL Even so, the lin frfr of 
cutlery on plates frequently 
echoed across the elegandy- 
intimate arena from the boxes 
where a pampered minority of 
the public were dining. 

A French colleague, new to 
the Albert Hall, said that the 
silences were sometimes so 
heavy that one might have 
heard a fry walking across a 
wall. He found the sports 
spectacle in sharp contrast 
with the noble dignity of its 
setting. 

In the second match, Mike 
De Palmer (one of those puz- 
zling Americans with two 
capital letters in his surname) 
and Gary Donnelly beat 
Sergio Casal and Emilio San- 
chez 3-6, 6-1, 3-6, 7-6, 6-4. 

The Spaniards have won 
five Grand Prix tournaments 
this year, but all were on shale 
and four were not of the 
highest quality. They beat 
De Palmer and Donnelly in 
the Florence final last May, so 
yesterday’s result was revenge 
of a sort. 

The American team’s 
performance was marked by 
their use of the tandem forma- 
tion — to inhibit Sanchez 
when he was returning service 
on the forehand and by 
the left-handed DePahner’s 
occupation of the deuce court 
“I can only return service 
from the back hand side,” 
Donnelly joked. 


w** 


ii; . v L* : * „ . *. J *''*•* ^ ■ T" "V-:. 

Silence in coral: There’s a kmd of bush at the Albert Hall as Fitzgerald and Smid (nearest camera) play Steyn and Visser 

American dream 


ends, says Canter 


From a Correspondent, Stuttgart 


Jonathan Canter, the lone 
American in the Young Masters 
tournament — after the ab- 
sence of any Americans in the 
Masters at Madison Square 
Garden this week — believes 
his country’s dominance has 
ended. 

“We have no travelling teams 
in the United States,” Canter 
said. “There is no support 
system for any of our young 
players who don’t go the college 
route. There’s also a lack of 
camaraderie. We'D always have 
good players in the top 50, but 
we’ll never have seven in the top 
10 or 30 of the top 100 like in the 
70s." 


Canter is swamped alongside 
, three 


five players from Sweden, _ _ 
from West Germany, and even 
two Soviet players and two 
Austrians in the 1 6-man 
championship for players aged 
21 and under. But at least he 
could hold his own head high 
yesterday as he won his first 
round robin match against 
Andrei Chesnokov, of the 
Soviet Union, 3-6, 6-2, 6-0. 

Grater, 21, believes American 
do minati on has waned because 
emerging tennis nations have 
worked harder to develop their 


players and build better facil- 
ities. “We’re still amateurs while 
the rest of the world are pros,” 
he said. 

Yesterday, however. Ches- 
nokov, an ’amateur' who must 
hand all prize money and 
sponsorships to his country’s 
federation, virtually gave up 
against Canter after his service 
was broken at 2-2 in the second 
set. He never won another game 
and complained later of suffer- 
ing from bronchitis. “1 had only 
strength for the first set, that’s 
all,” said the world’s 37th 
ranked player through his col- 
league. Andres Vysand, also 
aged 20. 

Vysand has seen little grand 
prix tournament action, but 
once beat Tim Gullikson, the 
now retired American. “Soon 
we will be given percentages and 
follow the lead of the Czechs,” 
said Vysand, pointing out that 
Czechoslovak players like Lendl 
and Mandlikova are already 
multi-millionaires. 

RESULTS: Gold m*e P Cam (IQ IX M 
WastptM (WO). £3, 6-3. Oman grasp: J 
Svenssan (Swe) bt K Nowacek ISwlM. 
6-1,-J Ce/tsson (S*e) M H Skofl (Austria), 
6-1, 6-3. Red book J Canter (US) bt A 
Chesnokov (USSRl 3-6, 6-2. 60. Bfae 
groc^eE Jeton (WGJbtT Muster (Austrta), 


Scots want world No 1 


;,6-2:GD6nnfltty 
US Casal and El 


beats Casal and I 
3-8, 7-0. 6-4. 


Sanchez (Sp) 3-6. 6-1. 


Lendl retains ITF title 


The International Tennis 
Federation have named Ivan 
Lendl the world champion of 
men's tennis for the second 
successive year. Yesterday, be 
was described as the “outstand- 
ing, obvious candidate” by the 
body’s panel members, Fred 
Perry and Tony Trabert. 

The 27-year-old Czecho- 
slovak. who lives in the United 
States, won two of the three 


grand slam tournaments during 
the year —Paris and New 
Yoik — and was runner-up in 
the third, at Wimbledon. He was 
never badly defeated. 


Perry and Trabert said that he 
would have been their choice 
even if he had lost the final of 
the Nabisco Masters in New 
York on Monday, which im- 
mediately preceded the award. 


Ivan Lendl was last night in 
the middle of a dispute between 
the British Lawn Tennis Associ- 
ation (LTA) and their affiliated 
counterparts in Scotland. . 

The dispute has arisen be- 
cause Lendl has announced he 
wants to (day in Edinburgh 
immediately before Wimbledon 
next June in a tournament to be 
organized by tbe American- 
based player-management 
group. Preserve. 

But the LTA said last night 
they want the tournament 
banned because the dates would 
cut across two pre-Wimbledon 
grand prix tournaments — the 


Stella Artois at Queen’s Gab 
and tbe Bristol Trophy. 


Last night, however, the Scot- 
tish LTA were standing firm. 
Their assistant secretary Gloria 
Grosser said: “We know the 
LTA in London, aren’t loo 
happy about it. We don't want 
to fall out with them, but at the 
same time we don’t want to miss 
out on a chance like this for 
Scotland." 

But the LTA were adamant 
that they would do all in their 
power to discourage what would 
amount to an exhibition tour- 
nament. 


YACHTING 


BOC fleet 
lashed by 
more gales 


Hopes for White Crusader 
rest on an appeal verdict 


From Keith Wheatley, Fremantle 


By Barry Pfdcthall 


Force 11 gales have continued 
to batter the 19 solo sailors as 
they bead across the seas south 
of Australia on tbe second stage 
of the BOC Roand-the-World 
race. Ham radio operators in 
Cape Town and Perth beard 
reports this week from the 
Frenchman, Jacques de Bon, 
and Harry Harkimo, of Finland, 
that both had capsized twice last 
weekend. 


De Rome, who was rescued by 
Richard Broadhcnd, the Eng- 
lishman, in tbe sooth Pacific, 
reported severe damage to his 
self-steering systems and 
navigation e qaip me n t and is 
north towards calmer 
waters in an attempt to repair 

fk, llflllMglP 

Harldmo's 50ft boat, Belmont 
Finland, rolled twice through 
360 degrees, having already 
capsized ooce on D e c em ber 4 
when be wes washed overboard 
and saved by Ms lifeline. 

Others in trouble include the 
two Sonth African entrants, 
John Martin, - of foe first 
leg to Cape Town, and BOC 
veteran Bertie Reid. Tbe two 
aainsafls on Martin's yacht. 
Tuna Marine Veoztrekker, have 
been blown out and Read Is 
suffering from an infection. Both 
are now beading for Albany. 

Yesterday, Titouan Lamazou 
from France, the 60ft 

EcnreuO-d’Aqritaine, was nego- 
tiating the n o t orious Bass Strait 
between Tasmania and Austra- 
lia and is expected to reach the 
finish first on Saturday. 


LEADMQ POSITIONS (a*h mdss to 
Sydney): 1. T Lamazou (Eavaui 
rAquttaine), 550; 2. P Jaantot 


Agriccte in). 662: 3. J-Y Tartafei 
ift*; A 


8 


I KJaman (Triple M 
BemanSn 


1.2W: 5. 6 I 



White Crusader may live to 
fight again. The British team has 
lodged a protest with the inter- 
national jury against USA, the 
yacht that beat them on Monday 
and effectively knocked them 
out of semi-final contention. 

White Crusader claims USA 
fitted a new forward fin (the 
radical USA yacht has a rudder 
in front of the keel), on (he eve 
of their race. Tbe captain, Tom 
Blackaller. admitted this at a 
press conference later, although 
an audience of journalists did 
not appreciate the significance. 

The British p ro test is under 
Rule 27.2 of the Sailing Instruc- 
tions. It says: “During tbe 
period commencing twenty four 
hours prior to a yacht’s first race 
in each series, and ending three 
hours after she finishes her last 
race in that series, a yacht shall 
not take on or remove ballast or 
deadweight or make any change 
affecting measurements on her 
Certificate of Rating except in 
circumstances where the 
measurement committee or the 
measurer has been unable to 
obtain a measurement which is 
considered accurate before the 
yacht’s first race in. that series, 
and changes are necessary to 
enable tbe yacht to rate 12- 
metres or less.” 

Philip Tolhurst, a lawyer, 
director of the White Horse 
Challenge and secretary of the 
International 12- Metre Associ- 
ation, has flown to Fremantle to 
conduct the British protest. 

“Tbe specific purpose of Rule 
27.2 when the regulations for 
this nsatta were drawn up was 
to prevent any change to a boat 
during a series.” Tolhurst said. 
“This was following on from the 
multiple-rating controversy at 
Newport.” In that instance Lib- 
erty, sailed by Dennis Conner, 
had several different certificates 


BOBSLEIGHING 


Tout leads 
Britain’s 
challenge 


From Chris Moore 
Win ter berg 

Britain’s bobsleigh team 
scaled new heights last night by 
finishing with all three crews in 


the top ten of the opening World 
“ fo ' * 


Cup four-man race of the sea- 
son. Stan Tout produced his 
best performance to take sixth 
place with Nick Phipps ninth 
and Tom De La Hunty 10th. 

Tout’s Army crew of Dave 
Armstrong. Lenny Paul and 
Audley Richards underlined 
their emergence as a genuine 
force. They were fifth fastest on 
two of the four laufs and had the 
sixth quickest time on their final 
run. Bui it was their consistently 
explosive starts which set them 
apart. They twice lowered the 
British record start time, clock- 
ing a best time of 5.05 seconds. 

The gold medal yesteiday 
went to Switzerland’s reigning 
European champion, Hans Hilt- 
ebrand. 


* 


RESULTS; 1, Swttzertand n IHntebgrai. 

US. ISSSU.'HtiH 

156.01, 5624. 

tesSMNSgJgsi 

(aSTsISt^SfsI'sst 


HOCKEY 


Welsh squad 
lay oat the 


FOOTBALL 


Blues show the better Shrewsbury stay on top 

w # « .ill Schools football by George Chesterton 

staying power tor a treble 


Light 


By Marcns Wjffiams 


Oxford... 


Cambridge — 4 


Cambridge gained a measure 

of revenge for their rugby defeat 


pleted its passage into tbe net 
with his bead. 

Four minutes later. Oxford 
were level. The skilful Harper 
forged in positively from the 


right. Bail could only parry his 
■, Oxford’s 


ui icvs.ua*. — — low cross and Hunter, 

at Twickenham the previous hard-working captain, stole in 
day when they beat Oxford in a mi the Mind side to drive the 
dramatic 103rd University foot- " 1 


ball match, sponsored by St 
Quintm, « Wembley yesterday. 
The Light Blues took the lead 


twice in the first hour, only for 
the Dark Blues to hit back 


Dark Blues to hit ___ 
almost immediately. But, in a 
remarkable fjni<th — three goals 

in the final six minutes — Cam- 
bridge finally secured their third 
successive win. 

Two substitutions in the last 
dozen minutes by the Cam- 
bridge and former Army coach, 


Alf Couiton, proved the decisive 
tactic as the fresh 


By Sydney Friskin 

Wales have invited West 
Germany, Spain and England to 

join them in a quadrangular 
tournament at Swansea to '* ar r: 
the end of July as part of the 
Welsh preparation for the Euro- 
pean Championship starting in 
Moscow on August 20. 

The prospect of a rnaic" 
against West Germany look* 
inviting for England who vm 
deride tomorrow whether to 
accept Ireland's invitation to 
play in the Home Countries 
Championship in July, an event 
in which both Wales and Scot- 
land have agreed to take part. 

Wales are also organising. 3 
quadrangular tournament in 
Cardiff at the end of May of 
early in June. Forthis event tney 
bope to be joined by Belgium. 
France and either Scotland or 
Ireland all of whom have quali- 
fied for the European 

Championship. 


— tap of creep 

ar u* Hinton, combined with tbe 
talents of Palmer, who had an 
outstanding game in midfield, 
helped their side into a 4-2 lead. 

Oxford had time only for a 
angle reply at the end of a game 
played at the usual stamina- 
sapping pace. . ■ _ ___ 

Tbe schoolboys in the 7,200 
crowd made up in noise for war 
lack of numbers and wanned a 
crisp December afternoon with 
vigorous support for one side or 
the other, belying tbe feci that 
few of them probably have bilks 
with either university. 

They saw Oxford have the 

better of the opening exchanges. 

but Cambridge were twice de- 
fieri by goal-ta d^as fes 
fore they took the lead after [ 28 
minutes. JenJans put m°n 
away on the left, he broke 
Strongly past three tackles and, 
as bis shot bounced mtotheatr 
Sf the body offoe^aUreepCT, 
Phillips. Bradley gleefully corn- 


bad home. 

A windmilling arm celebrated 
his achievement as be raced 
back to tbe halfway fine. What C 
B Fry and other giants of the 
past might have feh about that 
is, perhaps, left uo thought. 

The Cambridge offside trap 
made them susceptible to the 
through-pass, but they survived 
and tbe second half was 13 
minutes old when they regained 
foe advantage through Bradley, 
a speculative shot from near tbe 
edge of tbe penalty area looping 
off* foe goalkeeper’s body into 
the net 

Within a minute, Oxford 
produced another brave and 
powerful riposte when Bums, 
having waited until his fourth 
year for his first Blue, headed 
home a comer at tbe near post. 

Oxford pressed hard for the 
winner, with the foraging Burns 
just off target But it was 
Cambridge, now fortified by tbe 
appearance of their substitutes, 
who went ahead for foe third - 
and, as it proved, decisive - 
time. It was one of those 
substitutes, Craggs, in an un- 
numbered shin, who rose to 
plant Palmer's comer imo foe 

net. . 

In a franne final five mmuies, 

Oxford threw on both their 

substitutes, but Cambridge 
charged away again and, when 
Hinton was upended just out- 
side the penalty area. Palmer 
was again involved as he rifled 
home foe free-kick. 


Even now, Oxford’s spirit did 
not fail them as Burns headed 
his second goal from Humes’s 
comer in injury time, but there 
were not enough seconds left for 
another comeback. 

Cambridge now lead the se- 
ries by 44 wins to 37, with 22 
matches drawn. 

OXFOWfcT IWp « (PEGS Blackburn and 

MBpaaianjc K toprara (StCyrga. Perng tft 


For many schools the season 
is all but over, since in January 
they turn to other disciplines. 
Shrewsbury have not lost a 
match since half term, a period 
which includes good wins 
against Rcptna and Man c h e s te r 
GSl Mark L* smiles, the captain, 
James Prichard and Martin 
Griffiths, the last two each 
scoring II goals, have given 
strength and experience to the 
side. 


openings, was their top 
goalscorerand they were able to 
rely upon a sound defence. 


Untorafty, sub: R 


Lytftam s t/mts HS «nd Pembroke),!! 

ProW i 


(RaWord HS and Oriel). G fo* 
and Pembroke). M Craatoy 

jt GS and OriaQ. M Do* 

. HS and Pembroke). A Jane* 

r Upper end St Edmund Had). O 

(St Edward’s and Pembroke), T 
era (Brodtwy and Pembroke). G 

Ha rper (Abingdon and St Edmund Hal, 

sub: S WooSeoa (BnstffeU, Sheffield 

and Keoto). D Hunter (QEGS Btackbum 

end Oriel, cart). 

CAMBRIDGE: P Bab JUfifleM and 

Downing); A Spwtofl (Tonbridge and 

Trtoty Hafl). N Janktaa pVooton Upper 
and Robinson). R Stometr (Hampton and 
TrtnMy). R GbJe atone (Hampton and St 
John's, capd. S Paknar (Vamdeen Cot- 
ege and CMsTs). S Bradley (| 

Coins Cottage and St John's). I 

fBenfiefd and Girton), c BBott (Forest and 

Orton, sub: N Craggs (Longcroft and 

Seto ynx R Blether (Hampton and Trinity 
HaB, sube J Htaten (Beacon and Downing). 

raraer rraemaaonal School, Geneva 

CtiucMQ- 

MJ Bantman (Huntingdonshire). 


AlfoOl 

notma 


(Nelson and 11. 


T Warner 

and 


.WdfegbUDpghdid 

their previous excep- 
tional season, they were force- 
fully led by James Bent and 
recently enjoyed a good 1-0 win 
over Brentwood, Harvey 
Thoraeycroft scoring his twelfth 
goal of tbe season and three days 
later adding to this in a 2-2 draw 
at ffighgate- 

Seth Johnson-MarshalL of 
Malvern, also bad a tally of 13 
goals and Hugo Douglas-Pen- 
nast, who has neen selected for 
the Independent Schools, netted 
11. Their best results were wins 
over Bradfirtd and Manchester 
GS and a 2-2 draw against 
Shrewsbury. 

Lancing won eight of foeir 15 
school matches. Justin Higgo, 
who was quick to seize on any 


Ring Edward's Witiey, with a 
strong experienced side, have 
enjoyed a good season with 
several big wins notably against 
Winchester, Westminster and 
Victoria College. They have two 
good forwards in Martin Cope, 
who has the exceptional record 
of 20 goals to his credit, and 
Andrew Poklad. 


AMenham have foe good 
fortune to start foeir Christinas 
holiday with a tour to Benidorxn 
in Spam. The highlights of the 
term for them have been an 
excellent 4-0 victory over 
Highgate and a 2-2 draw with 
Chlgwefl. 


Go-slow 


The Paris to Bering rally is 
ite date ii 


still not a definite date in next 
year’s sporting calendar. Tbe 
10,000-mile race is scheduled 
for late 1987, but no formal 
agreement has yet been signed 
between the organizers and tbe 
Chinese. 


T UESDAY’S RESULTS 

Barton 2. Rojsan 0. Seen* Aw* 



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Stunes 1,y?bri^0. ssnoR ^ ^ 

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, Bracfcnef 4. 

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Diflham 4.W»H«W' ' Maidenhead Utifi, , 

MtassMBi SHS: 

OPR1 - P - ££rici (uwfpool won 4-3 an penatttes). 




Yesterday’s results 


UEFA Cup 

v AsnScrC: 


V Asntorc. TWf d round, second teg 

SS'KiSS* TESS Beveren 0. Torino 1 

Rchar i. r Pe9fpoflB ^ (Tormo wm.3-t on 


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and shifted ballast overnight as 
the wealher changed. 

It seems USA officials called 
in the official measurer to check 
the new fin. However, he is not 
enpowered 10 legitimize such an 
operation, merely to certify the 
yacht still measures as a 12- 
metre. 

The protest, to be heard by the 
five-man international jury, is 
foe most serious issue yet raised 
in foe Cup elimination trials. 
With elimination from foe 
Louis V union Cup just around 
foe corner no one doubts the 
British will take it foe distance. 

Should foe Tom Blackaller- 
skippered 12-metre be found 
guilty at today’s hearing, he and 
his crew are expected to forfeit 
foe 36 points gained since the 
change was made last Friday — 
points that will then be credited 
to the yachts she beat. Canada 
II, Stars and Stripes and White 
Crusader. 

This will lift the British crew 
into fifth place, one point adrift 
of America n and provide a 
nail-biting finish to these round- 
robin trials. 


YESTERDAY’S RESULTS: Kookaburra U 
M Australia fV. 5mhi 1 1 sac Kookaburra III 
bt Steak 'n* KWney. 2Gsec. 

STAND MGS; Kookaburra HI 50pts. 
Austrafia IV 3B, Kookaburra M 31 . Steak 'n 1 
KUney9. 

TODAY'S RACES: Stars and Stripes v 
French Kiss; Chenenga Francs v Azzwra 
(bye); America 6 v Canada U; Heart Of 
America v italic USA w Eagle; New 
Zealand v Whits Crusader Austrafia IV v 
Steak 'n‘ Kidney; Kookaburra IH v Kooka- 
burra u. 

STANOMOS F APPEAL IS UPHELD: 1. 
New Zeeland IV. 150 points; 2, Stars & 
Sbbea. 118; a Firanch Kiss. 117: 4. 
America II. 10fc5, White Crusader. 103; 6 
equal, USA ll and Canada II. 67. 


Just which of foe two will 
make the semi-finals will then 
depend on two close races; the 
America D/USA match on Sat- 
urday and White Crusader’s 


finale against Stars and Stripes 
on Sunday. 

After Tuesday's destruction 
derby tbe fickle Indian Ocean 
weather turned a gentle face to 
the 12-meirc America’s Cup 
yachts yesterday. 

Steak 'ii' Kidney gave Kooka- 
burra HI a very race, adding fuel 
to the syndicate chairman. Syd 
Fischer's call for Royal Perth to 
modify the rules for choosing a 
defender. At present foe Sydney 
yacht could not qualify no 
matter how well she performs in 
the remaining races. 

Australia IV was discomfited 
by the light weather. The Bond 
syndicate flagship sailed into a 
bole in foe soft breeze during 
pre-start manoeuvres and 
crossed the line 33 seconds be- 
hind Kookaburra II. 

Even allowing for that poor 
opening it was surprising to see 
Australia IV lose a further 
minute up the first beat. Round 
the mark. Kookaburra surpris- 
ingly managed to rip a spinnaker 
in the early stages of the run but 
lost little of her lead. Australia 
IV finished 5mins 1 1 secs adrift. 

In the second race Kooka- 
burra IH and Steak a n* Kidney 
crossed the line together. On the 
first two legs, lain Murray, was 
able to pul together a lead of 
13 seconds by dim of clever 
tactical sailing rather than boat 
speed. 

Syd Fischer, foe veteran blue- 
water yachtsman and principal 
backer of foe Sydney yacht, has 
been vociferous in his criticism 
of foe way foe final choice of a 
defender is arranged. The sys- 
tem of carrying all points for- 
ward and taking the highest 
score would rule out a late- 
developer like Steak V Kidney. 
He would prefer a best-of-seven 
series as in the Louis Vuinon 
series to find a Challenger. 


m CERTIFIED DIVIDENDS 


All dMUamta subject to rascniiiny. Ail m^bes for Dflcwsber Gib 


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SPORT 


THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 11 1986_ 


BOTHAM’S TORN MUSCLE MAKES HIM ‘99 PER CENT CERTAIN 9 TO MISS THE TEST 


Whitaker stands by for his first 
England cap as sixth batsman 


From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Adelaide 


They are having some very 
strange weather in Adelaide, 
where England's third Test 
match against Australia starts 
tomorrow. 

Last weekend's storm — the 
like of which is thought not to 
have been seen here since the 
last century - tore the roof off 
one of the old red stands that 
run in a crescent around this 
lovely ground. Yesterday was 
unusually cool and windy. 

The pitch, on the other 
hand, looks — and is expected 
to be — a beauty for batting, 
and a steep rise in temperature 
is forecast 

In the ordinary way — and 
excluding modern West In- 
dian sides — the Adelaide 
Oval is no place to go into a 
Test match with only four 
regular bowlers, especially if 
one of them is as susceptible to 
injury as Dilley is. Even so, it 
is what I think England would 
be best ad vis«l to do 
tomorrow. 

The dilemma is caused by 
Botham's inability to bowL 
Yesterday, he was “99 percent 
certain” not to play at alL He 
has only to cough or sneeze for 
the torn muscle in his left side 
to protest 

A succession of huge totals 
against much the same 
Austr alian side might be ex- 
pected to have left England 
with enough confidence to 
make do with five batsmen 
and Richards at No. 6 . 

But they have suffered too 
many disasters in 1986 not to 
be thinking in terms of 
protecting their lead in the 
series and hoping that Botham 
will be back in action in time 
for the fourth Test, which 
starts on Boxing Day. 

Which is the lesser risk — to 
gp into the match without a 
fifth bowler or with a sixth 
batsman? Preferring the latter. 


I would choose Small ahead of 
DeFreitas — because of his 
greater accuracy- to share 
the new ball with Dilley. 

To play a third seamer at 
theexpense of a spinner would 
be sheer madness and, being 
two of a four-man attack, 
Edmonds and Emburey would 
get plenty of work, which they 

Waugh on 

the carpet 

Steve Waugh, ef Australia,, 
was in hot water yesterday after 
mfasfog a practice session for 
tooMHXow’s third Test 

The New South Wales aH- 
rounder, aged 23, arrived iu 
Adelaide several boors late, 
baring foiled to catch a morning 
plane from Sydney. By then his 
colleagues had finished their 
worbKiL 

Fhe days ago the England 
captain, Mike Gutting, over- 
slept and missed the start of the 
tour match against Victoria, for 
which he was subsequently se- 


Wnngi, who said his taxi was 
late, faces a similar tidribg off. 
“He won’t be fined bat I don't 
flunk bell miss another flight 
after I've spoken to him,’* Bobby 
Simpson, Australia's cricket 
manager, said. 

thrive on. They might even 
show that there is more to 
orthodox slow bowling than 
trying to inhibit the batsman 
by surrounding him with dose 
fieldsmen. 

As the reserve bowler, 
Gatling would need to pitch 
the ball up. Against Victoria in 
the last match, he bowled 
much too short 

Assuming Botham does not 
play — and is replaced by a 
batsman, rather than a 
bowler — there is a case to be 
made for both Slack and 
Whitaker, though Gatting 
made it seem yesterday as 


though Slack had already been 
titled out 

If so, I am sorry. As he 
showed iu his last appearance 
for England — when making 
127 with Gooch for the first 
wicket in the first innings 
against the West Indies in 
Antigua in April — Slack is 
made of the right stuff 

He looked to be running 
into form in Melbourne on 
Tuesday, and he could bat at 
No. 3, which no-one else 
much likes doing. 

Whitaker, for his part, must 
have played splendidly when 
scoring 108 against South 
Australia on this same pound 
in his first first-class innings of 
the tour. 

He has a fine flair for hitting 
the ball, and the useful con- 
fidence to indulge it. Against 
that, it would be asking a lot of 
him to do it in bis first Test 
match. 

While seeing a bright future 
for Whitaker, I would {dump, 
on this occasion, for Slack, 
there being plenty of stroke- 
makers in the side already, but 
not too much cement 

It has been a hard three 
weeks for Australia to pull 
themselves together after los- 
ing the first Test match so 
badly. When England then 
won the toss in Perth and 
scored 592 for eight in their 
first innings, Australia faced 
further h umili ation. 

But they fought their way 
out of it, and Botham's ab- 
sence here would give them a 
further boost Though Gower 
and CSatting average 82 and 68 
respectively in England's last 
eight Test matches against 
Australia, it is Botham whom 
the Australians most fear. 

Australia will go into the 
match with less apprehension 
than they did in Perth a 
fortnight ago- At file same 


ENGLAND TOUR AVERAGES 


Batting and Rehfing 


N A Foster 3 

I T Botham 6 

B N French 3 

BC Broad 6 

DIGowar 6 

A J Lamb 6 

JJ Whitaker 3 

CWJAUwy 5 

CJRMunfe 5 

MW Gatting 6 

P A J OeFrofias 4 

GROSey 4 

PHEdmonds 6 

WN Stack 4 


R HS 
147 74‘ 
436 138 
113 56 
396 162 
354 136 
422 105 
163 108 
268 96 
201 133 
254 70 


AW MO 50 Ct SI 

49.00 - 1 4 - 

4&44 1 2 5 - 

37.66 - 1 B 1 

38.18 115- 

3540 113- 

35.18 1 3 5 - 

3330 1 - 1 - 

2&80 - 3 3 - 

25.12 1 - 11 3 

21.16 -27- 

isaa - - i - 

16.50 - - 1 - 

1500 - - 6 - 


JEBituw 5 B a 71 24 11-83 - - 2 - 

GCSmS* 5 7 1 62 » 1033 - - 3 - 

Bowfing 

O M R W AW BB 51 UM 

MW Batting 57 18 1 22 6 2033 4-31 - - 

GCSmal 1523 37 394 16 2482 5-61 1 - 

G R Way 1393 24 421 16 2631 5-88 1 - 

N A Foster 118 33 295 11 2631 3-29 - - 

ITBotwn 133.1 27 377 13 29.00 342 - - 

J E Emburey 289.5 86 649 21 3090 6-102 2 - 

P A J DeFreitas 1464 28 442 13 34.00 4-62 - - 

PHEdmonds 251 75 529 14 37.78 3-37 - - 


Also bontod; C W J Aihey 44*25-0; A J Lamb 1-1-00. 
• CompMtyfttrt Lockwood. 


time, if the pitch is as good as 
it looks to be, ft will be a 
surprise if Australia were to 
bowl England out twice. 

Bright, making his first 
appearance of the series, is an 
essentially defensive 
reinforcement, and Hughes, 
who comes in to do the work 
of Lawson and Chris Mat- 
thews, would be well short of 
an Aust ralian side in a good 
year. 

In Perth, Richie Benaud — 
when he could escape from 
the commentary box — spent 
time in the nets coaching and 
coaxing Greg Matthews and 
Sleep, both of whom are in 
Australia's 12 for tomorrow. 

The former Australian cap- 
tain had them bowling with 
their eyes closed to get them 
concentrating more on where 
to pitch the ball — concentra- 
tion being of no less im- 
portance to bowlers than to 
batsmen. 

Ian Chappell another for- 
mer Australian captain, has 
also been giving the Austra- 
lians the benefit of his experi- 
ence. It is all hands on deck in 
the effort to recapture the 
Ashesl 

The curator at the Adelaide 
Oval sees a high-scoring game 
in prospect - too high for his 
liking For some years, he and 
other curators have been try- 
ing to influence the powers- 
that-be to make the wearing of 
spikes compulsory for bats- 
men — so that the pitch be- 
comes roughed up, not 
deliberately, but by the nor- 
mal traffic ofa match, and the 
spinners are brought more 
into play. 

They believe that, when 
spikes went out and crepe 
soles came in, which is not a 
great many yeans ago, the 
balance of the game was 
changed, and they have per- 
suaded the Australian Cricket 
Board to insist on spikes for all 
batsmen in next season's Shef- 
field Shield competition. 

When South Australia 
played Victoria here recently, 
the latter team’s batsmen were 
ordered to wear spikes by their 
mana ger, Ian Redpath. Vic- 
toria won and Bright, bowling 
orthodox left-arm spin, took 
seven for i 12 in 73 overs in 
the match. 

Tomorrow, rubbers will 
again be the wear of the day. 


Adelaide, the greatness and the grind 


By Simon Wilde 

The Adelaide Oval, venue of 
the third Test match between 
Australia and England which 
begins tomorrow, is widely 
acknowledged as one of the 
most beautiful cricket grounds 
in the world. It is famous for the 
Mount Lofty Ranges shimmer- 
ing in the distant sky, the 
beautiful St Peter’s Cathedral 
which takes the eye heavenward 
from much closer quarters, and 
its slow pitches ideal for run- 
scoring, which has made it a 
place of worship for many a 
pilgrim batsman. 

There have been 47 individ- 
ual centuries (20 for England, 27 
for Australia) in the 23 Tests 
played between the two coun- 
tries at Adelaide since 1884-85, 
a higher ratio than on any other 
ground. Most of the greatest 
batsmen produced by either 
country have at some stage of 
their career scored a Test hun- 
dred there. Trumper, Hill, 
Bradman, Morris, Harvey and 
Greg Chappell did so for Austra- 
lia; Hobbs, Hammond, Comp- 
ton, Hutton, Boycott and 
Gower, for England. 

England’s highest innings on 
the ground is 187 by Hobbs, 
who scored three hundreds in 
his five Tests there, but four 


Charles to 
seek rise 
in ratings 

By Jenny MacArtbur 

PWer Charles will attempt to 
reinstate himself at the top of 
the European League for the FEI 
Volvo World Cup at thelnter- 
nationa) Show Jumping 
Championships, which start this 
evening at Olympia in London. 

The highlight of the five-day 
show is Sunday's World Cup 
qualifying round, involving the 
19 British and 14 foreign riders 
at the show. With only two — 
Charles and Nick Skelton — in 
the top 15 in the league, the 
British need points to qualify for 
the final in Paris in April. 

Charles, riding April Sun, rose 
to the top of the league after his 
three- week tour of North Amer- 
ica in November. He dropped to 
second after West Germany’s 
Paul Schockemohle won in 
Brussels a fortnight ago, then 
dropped to sixth when Pierre 
Durand, the Frenchman, won at 
Bordeaux last weekend. 

Durand is not competing this 
weekend because there is a 
national championship in Paris, 
but Schockemohle will be there. 

Charles’ main rivals are likely 
to come from nearer home. 
Chief among them could be 
John Whitaker, whose nine- 
year-old, Next Milton, showed 
superb form in Bordeaux, where 
they finished eighth. Skelton 
rides Raffles Airborne, who is 
short on experience but not 
courage. 

No British rider will be more 
determined than Malcolm 
Pyrah. He had a disappointing 
outing in Bordeaux on 
Tower lands Diamond Seeker, 
but on Sunday will ride his top 
horse, Towcriands Auglezaike, 
which makes a habit of hitting 
top form when it matters. 


double-centuries. They include 
Bradman, who in 1936-37 
scored 212 , characteristically 
turning the match in his side's 
favour. It was his first Test at 
Adelaide since moving from 
Sydney to make the South 
Australian city his home. He 
continues to five there stiff, a 
knight of cricket and tire prince 
of nuunakers. 

Three players have, in addi- 
tion, made hundreds in each 
innings at Adelaide. Hammond, 
during a glorious series in 1928- 
29, scored 119 not out and 177 
there and Compton and Morris 
performed the feat in the same 
match but for opposing sides in 
1946-47. Several other batsmen 
have come dose. 

The most celebrated instance 
was that of Clem HHL a native 
of South Australia and still 
regarded by many as Australia's 
finest ever left-handed batsman. 
In 1901-02, having made 99 in 
the previous Test at Melbourne, 
Hill returned to Adelaide and 
scored 98 and 97. Barrington's 
Test innings on the ground were 
63, 132 not out, 60 mid 102, and 
he never failed to make at least 
50 in each of the 10 first-class 
innings he played there. 


It was at Adelaide in 1920-21 
that, with games in Australia 
still played to a conclusion and 
in a period of unparalleled high 
scoring, England totalled 447 
and 370 yet still lost by 1 1 9 runs. 
Two further remarkable con- 
tests took place on the following 
tours. Each lasted seven days; in 
the first, which realized 1,467 
runs, Australia finished victors 
by just 1 1 runs; in tire second, an 
aggregate of 1,422 saw England 
12 runs to the good. 

Adelaide may be a heaven for 
batsmen but it can be a very hell 
for bowlers and fielders, because 
it is also fomous for its breath- 
less beat. When England used to 
play Tests there in January, as 
they invariably did until their 
last visit, when the date was 
brought forward to December, 
temperatures regularly soared 
past tire hundred mark (tire 
batsmen weren't alone). 

A major factor in more than 
one England defeat was 
attributable to their being un- 
accustomed to these extrem- 
ities. England's poor record of 
results at Adelaide, their worst 
on any ground in Australia, is 
thus to some extent explained. 

In 23 Tests, they have seven 
wins to show against 13 defeats. 


They have won just once since 
1954-55, which also provided 
die only occasion England have 
either won or retained the Ashes 
at Adelaide. That is something 
they can repeat if they win there 
this time. 

In the past the relentless 
weather and the trueness of the 
pitch put a great onus on a 
team’s spinners, whose accuracy 
and perseverance became cru- 
cial; u Adelaide even very good 
fost bowlers could only bowl fin* 
so long. Though not as hot as 
usual in Adelaide, it was partly 
to give his fast bowlers a rest 
that Illingworth chose not to 
enforce the follow-on there in 
1970-71, a decision for which be 
was much criticized when 
Australia subsequently escaped 
with a draw. 

Although known as the Ad- 
elaide Oval the playing area is 
actually elongated, with the 
square boundaries short and the 
straight boundaries long — per- 
haps the longest in the world. 
Clearly this benefits some bats- 
men more than others but it 
only compounds the difficulties 
of the bowlers, particularly the 
spinners, and it is probably the 
only serious criticism that can 
be levelled at the ground. 


EQUESTRIANISM 



1 


Princess Anne and her FEI predecessor. Prince Philip, yesterday (Photograph; James Gray) 

Gucci to sponsor the Nations’ Cup 


Princess Anne was voted in to 
succeed her father, the Duke of 
Edinburgh, as president of the 
Federation Equestre 

Internationale after a mam- 
mons show of hands from the 
delegates of the 85 member- 
countries at the FETs general 
assembly in London yesterday 
(Jenny MacArthnr writes). 

When Prince Philip ask«i if 
anyone opposed bar election, 
there was no response. “No?" be 
exclaimed. “Well, you've dime 
better than I didT 


Count D ieter Landsberg- 
Veteu, the FETs first vfax- 
preskleat, then expressed the 
federation's “sincerest and 
heartfelt gratitude to Prince 
Philip for tire 22 years he has 
worked for tire benefit of the FEI 
and equestrian sports". 

His offer to the Dnkeof the 
federation's honorary presi- 
dency was accepted. 

Apart from tire changeoi 
president, tire most interesting 
news to emerge at yesterday's 
opening session -.the assembly 
continues today - was the 


announcement Unt Gwd are to 
take on the overall sponsorship 
of the Nations’ Cup event. They 
are putting in 900JI06 Swiss 
francs (about £376£Q0) the first 
year, 1.5 mflllba the second year 
and two million tire third. 

It Is the first time that there 
has been an overall sponsor for 
the Nations* Cup. whose annual 
trophy wiU now revert to its 
former name of tire President’s 
Cop. Prince Philip said his own 
trophy would be awarded for a 
completely separate 

competition. 



athletics 


Opening time? Small may share the new ball with Dilley 

TCCB to decide on 
four-day matches 


By Ito Tennant 


An amendment to an original 
proposal may result in a limited 
number of four-day champion- 
ship match**; being included in 
the fixture list for the 1988 
season. A decision is expected to 
be made today at the Test and 
County Cricket Board's winter 
meeting. 

It is possible that each county 
will play six four-day mwtrfw-w 
and 16 three-day games rather 
than the present 24 three-day 
matches. It would mean the 
Benson and Hedges Cup would 
be retained, perhaps without 
quarter-finals as one side, in- 
stead of two, would go forward 
—to die semi - finals — from each 
zonal group. The other two 
competitions, the NatWest Tro- 
phy and the Refuge Assurance 
League, would be unchanged. 

The original plan for four-day 
cricket, that each county play 
eight four-day matches and 16 
over three days, met with only 
lukewarm support at the 
TCCB’s consultative meeting 
last month. It would have meant 
doing away with the lucrative 
Benson and Hedges Cup. Two 
days after that meeting, the 
TCCB's executive committee, 
chaired by Raman Subba Row, 
came up with this latest 
suggestion. 

The alternative to these two 
formulae is to maintain the 
status quo. Alan Smith, the chief 
executive designate of the 
TCCB, said yesterday that he 
felt six four-day matches would 
be acceptable to the counties. If 
that programme is agreed upon. 


it is likely to be maintained far , 
three years. Mr Smith said it was 
unlikely that there would be 
support for each county playing 
16 four-day matches. 

Also to be discussed today is a 
recommendation that the Com- 
bined Universities tide, hitherto 
from Oxford and Cambridge; 
will encompass players from an 
universities next season. The 
strength of universities such as 
Durham in recent years has not 
gone unnoticed. The side’s 
home grounds for Benson and 
Hedges Cap matches would 
continue to be Fenners and The 
Parks. 

The TCCB will discuss scrap- 
ping, at the end of the 1989 
season, the ruling which permits 
counties to {day two overseas 
cricketers if they were registered 
before November 28, 1978. This 
would affect, at most three 
counties. The chances are that 
most of the players in question 
will have reared from county 
cricket by then. 

The TCCB are also likely to 
debate the escalating number of 
bouncers in Test cricket. It is 
proposed the United Kingdom 
delegation put to next year’s 
International Cricket Confer- 
ence meeting that bouncers be 
limited to one per over. Support 
for that is expected from 
Australia. 

Another matter for discussion 
that will need to be put to the 
ICC is the phasing out of long 
run-ups. It is recommended that 
each bowler’s run-up be limited 
to 30 yards. 


Polish for Somerset 


Somerset are to set up a 
working party to investigate all 
aspects of theft management and 
Image in the wake of the row 
when Viv Richards and Joel 
Garner, the West Indies captain 
and fast bowler, were dismissed. 

Colin Atkinson, the president, 
told the dab's best at te n ded 
aaanal general meeting for many 
years at Taunton that the work- 
ing party bad yet to be chosen, 
bat would “ a ttempt to dear foe 
air, lead to a reconciliation, and 
improve Che image of the dob. 

“I fed confident that the 
committee will re-examine its 
own performance in the light of 
some of the more relevant recent 
comments and take an inward 
look at its stimetnres and how it 
conducts business," he said. 


BOXING 

Chitlada and 
Payakarun 
retain titles 

Bangkok (Reuter) — Sot 
Chitlada and Samart 
Payakarun, both of Thailand, 
scored victories last night over 
Mexican challengers to retain 
their World Boxing Council 
(WBQ titles. 

Chitlada took a unanimous 
points decision over Gabriel 
Eternal to retain his flyweight 
crown, while super-bantam- 
weight champion, Samart. held 
on to his title by knocking out 
Juan “Kid” Meza with only 16 
seconds to go 

Bernal, aged 30, attacked 
from start to finish but proved 
too slow for Sot, who scored as 
he backpeddled with crisp, dean 
punches. Bernal worked better 
in clinches but Sot, aged 24, 
side-stepped and ducked out of 
trouble each time. 

“Sot has improved. He was 
fester and better than me," said 
Bernal from his dressing room 
after his third tide bout against 
Sot Bernal lost the crown to Sot 
in 1984 by a split decision and 
the Thai drew with Bernal to 
retain it in 1985. Bernal said he 
was “robbed" by judges in 
Bangkok both times. 

Meza, also aged 30, met his 
end when Samsurt flashed a left 
to his jaw. Samart dominated 
his fight from the start. He 
bloodied his opponent’s nose in 
the second and seventh rounds, 
opened up a cut above the left 
eye in the eighth and sent him 
tumbling to the canvas twice. 

In the final round, Meza 
showed almost total exhaustion, 
flailing away i to potently at 
Samart. Face bloomed and lips 
bruised, Meza told reporters he 
got careless going for a knock 
out and “Samart took me by 
surprise". Meza, a former WBC 

super-bantam weight title 

holder, was the first to challenge 
Samart, aged 24. who won the 
crown from Lupe Pin tor, of 
Mexico, last January. 


One ronmrittee change is the 
appointment of Roy Marshall, 
the former West Indies Test 
player and H a m pshire opening 
batsman. as the dub's new 
cricket committee chan-man. He 
has been with the dub for 10 
years and succeeds Brian 
Langford. 

• Geoffrey Boycott feces a fight 
to keep his place on the York- 
shire committee. Boycott, aged 
46, who is expected to sign for 
Derbyshire early in the New 
Year, feces re-election after 
serving three years as Wake- 
field’s representative, and is 
opposed by Dr John Tomer. 

Boycott hopes to GO a dual 
role by Iseeplss* his Yorkshire 
committee place if the deal with 
Derbyshire goes through. 



By Pat BuTcher, Athletics Correspondent 

Sieve Oven is w ctange the * r e 

athletics habii of more than a sigh ^ 


athletics habit oi more in 1973 . 

decade and rare indoors .n foe described his move up 

United States ra foe ne» >ear- Jasl sesscn - a 

Ovett is due to race 3 nadnufe to J" ^ R m a big 

in Phoenix. Anzona. on Deeenj f?"J uo and it was good to win 
ber 31, and return to foe United sup ^ j ^mer." 

States a month later to nm at foe Commonwealth 

MUM Games at Madison Ovett ^ from of 

Square Garden on Janu2^ 30. Burner, who went on to 

SSESiSS 

C °e >“ b « n ri ^' J a Si ,n ^ tesSonTfiSSSdw 

iSISSI £S§j^ 
££355“ sasssss. 

It will beOven’s first indoor but the target for resxtyear is the 

fifth second IAAF Work! O^mpjon- 

jnthe AAA 1,500 metres ships m Rome at theend of 
championship at Cosford on August "The fomg I J 10 -! 
February I, 1975. a race Ovett to do for 5,000 meues a 

m ^jedvesierday, “which I ran consolidate foe training, which 
in when I*was recovering from a is vastly different to training for 
SJt^fglSSfever!ll rather the 1.500 mmsflnfcji w.U 
put me offindoor running." . probably take two to three years 
The prize money available in before it pays dividends . 
the big American indoor meet- __ - 

ings, which, with their brass (TlfMifC f 
bands, tiny tracks and huge UUUTTU 

vociferous crowds, makes for a nf IVow 

carnival atmosphere, has ev- OUl UJL 1 

York marathon 

New VOIMAP) - New York 


UA — 

indoor r unning is rather second- 
rate. In the past I’ve always had 
my winter commitments _ to 
cross-country and road running 
in Britain. But I’ve always 
wanted to do it and I thought 
that ill is would be foe lime 
before it's too late. And you 
can’t say that you have run 
indoors in America unless you 
go to Madison Square Garden.” 

Overt, aged 31, has not de- 
cided what distances he will be 
running but conceded that it is 
more likely to be 2,000/3,000 
metres, “rather than anything 
shorter at that time of year.” 
And it is unlikely to escape the 
American promoters that Ovett 
is stiO bolder of the outdoor 
world two miles best of 8min 
13.51sec, while Emiel 


New York (AP) - New York 
Marathon officials have report- 
edly disqualified 24 runners for 
cheating. The New York Times 
reported yesterday that the race 
director, Fred Lebow, said foe 
disqualified runners, including 
three of foe top 100 finishers in 
foe men's division, did not pass 
video checkpoints. 

Earlier, Antoni Niemczak of 
Poland, who finished second, 
was disqualified after he twice 
tested positive for banned sub- 
stances. The total of 25 disquali- 
fied runners set a New York 
Marathon record. 

The video checkpoints were 
installed as a result of a 1979 
incident in which foe American, 
Rosie Ruiz, finished 24th. but 
was disqualified for taking the 
subway during the race. 


SKIING 


Figini sets the pace 


Val d'Isere (Reuter) — 
Michela Figini, of Switzerland, 
clocked foe fastest practice time 
here yesterday for the two 
Workl Cup downhill races this 
week which she hopes will put 
her back on foe winning trail. 

Figini won big prizes in 1984 
and 1985, including the Olym- 
pic, world championship and 
World Cup downhill gold med- 
als as well as the 1985 overall 
Worid Cup title and a share of 
the giant slalom crown. But last 
season she foiled to win a race 
and finished only sixth overall 
in the World Cup. 

“You have to accept a season 
like that. It’s motivated me for 
this season and I hope to be up 
there," she said after yesterday’s 
second timed practice for the 
first downhills of the women's 
World Qqi season here tomor- 
row and Saturday. 

Figini, aged 20, who was 
fourth fastest after the opening 
practice session on Tuesday, 
docked one minute 27.15 sec- 
onds on the 2, 1 54-metre course, 
more than a second foster than 
foe rest of the 55-strong field in a 
session interrupted first by fog 
and then by safety barrier 
extensions after Veronika 
Vitzfoum, of Austria, crashed 
near foe bottom of the course. 
Vitzfoum got her skis out of 
line, missed foe safety barrier 
and tumbled into the catch- 
netting beyond, snapping ber 
right ski in the process. But the 
Austrian got up again and 


FOR THE RECORD 


BASKETBALL 


TABLE TENNIS 



RUGBY LEAGUE 

UNDER 19 TOUR MATCH: YorkgNre Lsagua 
1. Auaralo 24. 

RUGBY UNION 

PenartM, Pontypridd 24. 

SKIING 



SNOOKER 

NORTH* WFTOM: HctnwWirWaiM P u m Um : 
Q pana r-B nl s: M Hagan (Enpl and S HKky 
(Scot bt J Perron and n fuks (Eng) 5-1. 


TENNIS 


ATP RANUMQS.- 1. 1 L«xS (Crt 2. 9 Bftckor 

RSnsriS 

TODAY'S FIXTURES 

FOOTBALL 

% ond «*»teton: 
Wbm Bromwich Alteon v Boton 
SOUTHERN LEAGUE; BBrWJo*, Cue 
as*?' v Andowr 

FA YOUTH CUP f? JOk Second mumt 
Boumamuii v Brighton. “™ on ,ounc: 

OTHER SPORT 

SNOOKER! HofTTKMSter Work) PmiWnr 

TQOrefc Nabisco Masters pn nHn- 
ebamprararup (Albert Han. London^^ 


eventually skied down on her 
left ski, carrying foe broken or.e 
in her arm. 

Race organizers originally 
planned two timed practices 
yesterday but the hold-ups re- 
duced it io one. Figini, third 
away, was followed home by 
Anne-Flore Rev. of France, 
team colleague Heidi Zeller, the 
Austrian Katrin Gutensohn, 
who won three World Cup 
downhills last season, and 
Debbie Armstrong, foe Olympic 
giant slalom champion from the 
United States. 

FASTESTT1MES: 1. M Rginl(Sw!tzl, imln 
27.1 Ssec: 2. A-F Rw (fffc 1:28.59; 3. H 
Zeller (Switzl. 1:28456; 4, K Gutensohn 
(Austria}, 1-29-06; 5. □ Armstrong (US). 
129.12; 6. H Zurfiriggen (Switzl. 1:29.17: 
7. PA FJetCftsrfUS?, 129.21: 8. M WaHlser 
(Swttz). 1:29.22; 9. B Oertt (Switz), 
1:29.40; 10. M KMlI (WGf. 1:29.42. 
RAMSAU: Gunde Svan, foe 
world and Olympic champion, 
won the first Nordic skiing 
World Cup cross-country race of 
foe season here yesterday at this 
Austrian resort (AFP reports). 
The Swede, aged 24, who has 
won the cup for the last three 
seasons, clocked 38 minutes 
52.20 seconds for foe 15km 
course (freestyle) with Kari 
Ristanen. of Finland. 25.02 
seconds behind and Velgard 
Ulvang, of Norway, third in 
39:18.10. 

Mariane Dahl mo, of Norway, 
won the women's 10km race in 
30: 1 9.40 ahead of Natalya 
Furietova, of the Soviet Union, 
and the East German Susann 
Kuhsittig. 


TO PLACE 
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THE TIMES THURSDAY DECEMBER 1 11 986 




TELEVISION AND RADIO 


Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter DavaUe 


The smooth road that leads to Whitehall 




©Perhaps it might be pitching it a 
bit high to say that at the end of 
last week's segment of the ex- 
tended 40 Minutes documentary 
about Civil Service hopefuls being 
stretched on the rack of a selection 
board, we were left biting our nails 
with tension to find out which 
candidates, if any, will stagger out 
at the end of tonight’s concluding 
instalment (BBC2, 9.30) with their 
Whitehall job prospects still in 
good working order. None the less, 
pan one — The Chosen Few — put 
its linger on some uncomfortable 
flaws in both torturer and victim, 
and so does tonight’s film, The 
Ftndi Board. The disillusioned 
woman candidate in the waiting 
room who comes to the conclu- 
sion that they don't like principles 
in the Civil Service, could be 
accused of being simplistic, but 
there are moments in the 
interrogation of the passionate 


C CHOICE ) 

ami-nuclear candidate Timothy 
Cooke, for example, when the 
clear impression comes over that 
only the politically neutered stand 
a chance of ever being selected. In 
fairness to the panel of assessors, it 
must also be said that after Louise 
Allion (foreign Civil Service hope- 
ful) has ground to a halt when 
2skcd how she would resolve the 
Arab-lsraeli conflict, one humane 
assessor makes the point that it 
was scarcely lair to expect her to 
do anything else considering that 
it was then 5.30pm and she had 
had an exhausting day. and in any 
case, the Middle East problem had 
been around for quite a long time. 
I suspect that no two viewers will 
come to the same conclusion 
about the Whitehall picture 
painted in this 40 Minutes docu- 


B B G'T 


mn 


her 


6.00 Ceefax AM. 

6.30 News headlines followed by 
The Flintstonea. (r) 635 
Weaker. 

7.00 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough, Sally Magnysson and 
Jeremy Paxman. National and 
international news at 7.00, 

7.30. 3.00 and 8.30; regional 
news and travel at 7.15, 7.45 
and 6.15; weather at 7.25. 735 
and 8.25. 

8.40 Watchdog. Lynn Faulds Wood 
and Jonn Stapleton wffl 
investigate consumer 
complaints 8.55 Regional news 
end weather 9.00 Newt. 

9.05 Day to Day. A topical subject 
discussed by Robert Kilroy- 
Siik. guests, the studio 
audience, and 'phone-in 
viewers 9.45 Advice Shop. 
Margo MacDonald with advice 
on the Soda! Security Act 

10.00 News and weather 1CL05 
Neighbours, (r) 

10.25 Ptuffip Schomfd with 
children's television 
programme news, and 
birthday greetings 10.30 Play 
School, (r) 1030 Pinny’s 
House. 

10.55 Five to Eleven. Diana Quick 
with a thought for the day 

11.00 News and weather 114)5 
Food and Drink. (r)i1.35 Open 
Air. Viewers air their views of 
television programmes, (news 
end weather at 12.00) 

12.25 Domesday Detectives. Paul 
Coia presents the first 
quarterfinals of the quiz about 
Britain for teams 1235 
Regional news and weather. 

1.00 One O'Ctoek News with 
Martvn Lewis. Weather. 1.25 
Neighbours. The police arrive 
at the Forbes' farm with bad 
news 130 Animal Fair, (r) 

2.00 Fine Robbery Under Aims 
(19571 starring Peter Finch, 
Ronald Lewis and David 
McCallum, Adventures of a 
gang of thieves In mid- 19th 
century Australia who expand 
their area of activity to 
encompass cattle rustling and 
bank robbery. Directed by Jack 
Lee &4Q Cartoon. 


330 Scragtag and HJs Tea-time 
Telly 4 )5 The AH New Popeye 
Show 4.15 Odysseus the 

Greatest Hero of Them AIL 
Tony Robinson with another 
tale of derring-do from Greek 
mythology 430 GaBoping 
Galaxies! with Kenneth 
WHUams. 

4.55 Newsround presented by 
Roger Finn 535 Blue Peter 
with money-saving Ideas for 
Christmas presents. (Ceefax) 

535 Masterteam. 

6.00 News with Sue Lawfey and 
Nicholas Witchell. Weather. 

635 London Plus. 

7.00 Top of the Pops Introduced by 
Janice Long and Steve Wright 

7.30 EastEnders. Den asks Pete's 
advice on the plans he is 
making and receives a blunt 
answer. (Ceefax) 

830 Tomorrow's World. Judith 
Harm reports on a United 
States supermarket chain that 
offers customers the chance to 
select the sex of their next 
child when they spend more 
than $50. Plus, news of an 
advance in Vermouth distilling; 
a plastic that cSssohras in 
water; a Le Mans 24-hour race 
simulator; a 12 -wheel drive 
lorry; and a new type of MferafL 

830 A Question of Spoilt David 
Coleman introduces the first of 
a new series. Emlyn Hughes 
and BIB Beaumont are ioined 
by Dennis Andries, Fatima 
Whitbread, Derek Beil, and Joe 
Johnson. (Ceefax) 

9.00 News with JuHa Somerville and 
Phifip Hayton. Regional news 

930 Just Good Friends. Vince and 
Penny are on a collision 
course. (Ceefax) 

1030 Question Time. Sir Robin 
Day's guests are Ken 
Livingstone, Katharine 
Whitehom, and MPs Charles 
Kennedy and John Patten. 

11.00 Internatio na l Show Jumping 
from the Grand HaH, Olympia. 
David Vine Introduces 
coverage Of the Crosse and 
Biackweii Turkey Stakes. 

12.10 Weather. 


memory, but so (or as the selection 
procedure is concerned, there is 
little doubt in my own mind that, 
all else being equal, quality of 
intellect takes second place to 
smoothness of presentation. 

• History student Andrew Miller, 
presenting his case in this week's 
Open Space film A Voyage Round 
the Monarchy (BBC2, 7.50pm). 
argues that thanks to the media, 
the institution of monarchy has 
been put beyond criticism. Institu- 
tion is the operative word here. 
What he is getting at is that 
nobody seems seriously to have 
questioned the desirability of 
republicanism as an alternative. 
Well. Open Space tonight supplies 
a forum, and the arguments are 
pretty well what you would expect: 
the monarchy is socially divisive 
(Piers Brandon); reactionary and 
right-wing (Willie Hamilton); a 
symbolic way of preventing us 


9.00 Cm fax. 

1230 Design and Innovation. An 
Open University production 
examining local public react) 


from thinking about other ways to 
run the country (Rosalind Brunt, 
centre for popular studies. Shef- 
field Polytechnic); a hype to boost 
tourism (Roundhead in a re- 
staging of the Civil War). The 
Australian journalist Philip 
Knightiey says he thinks that 
television has probably saved the 
Royal Family. If he is right, A 
Voyage Round the Monarchy will 
leave things exactly as they are. 

• Radio highlights: Mrs Thatcher 
is guest of the week in Woman’s 
Hoar (Radio 4, 100pm); Mayumi 
Fujikawa is soloist in the BBC SO 
performance of the Beethoven 
Violin Concerto (Radio 3, 
8.20pm); and Robert Graves's 
The Shoot (Radio 4, 3.00pm) is no 
less frightening on radio than it 
was on the cinema screen, in 
Skolimowski's 1979 film. 

Peter Davalle 





w: y 


• k 

• :iv 


; # Jt ■ :• . (t’- w - S 


-*.i 1 r /F 1 - ^ 

Cabaret dancers in suburban Bombay: India Cabaret, on Channel 4, 1030pm 



ITV/LONDON 


IT ' CHANNEL 4 ; . JL VARIATIONS 


examining local public reaction 
when a proposal to build a tidal 
barrage at Weston- Super- 
Mare was announced. 1235 
Ceefax. 

2.00 News and weather. 232 Color 
Rhapsody. Two cartoons, (r) 

220 Motnwa.br Anthony Clare In 
conversation with Petula Clartc 

3.00 News and weather, 

333 NewsntaM Afternoon reviews 
the week's news and 
eavesdrops on Prime 
Minister's Question Time. 

330 News and weather followed by 
regional news and weather. 

430 Pamela Arm s trong. The 

guests include antiques expert 
Tony Curtis, and Samantha Fox. 

430 Look Stranger. A profile of 
Raymond Fran com be, a 
Jobbing gardener and 
composer of sacred music, 
from Bristol (r) 

530 Domesday Detectives. A 
repeat of the programme 
shown on BBC 1 at 1235. 

530 Ftai 86 with Barry Norman, (rt 

6.00 Star Trek. Captain Kirk and Mr 
Spock are caught up in a time 
transporter that takes them to 
their hearts* desire. Writ ends 
up in Merrie England; Spock in 
the Ice Aqe. (r) 

6.45 WhatonEarau? WfldWei quiz 


6.15 TV-amc Good Morning Britain 
presented by Anne Diamond 
and Richard Keys. News with 
Gordon Honeycombs at 630, 
7.00, 730, 830, 830 and 930; 
financial news at 6-35; sport at 
6.40 and 7.40; cartoon at 735; 
pop music at 735; and Jeni 
Barnett's postbag at 835. The 
After Nine guests include 
David Essex. Margaret Hayies, 
Claire Raynor and, at 9.17. 
Lizzie Webb with exercises. 

935 Thames nows headlines 

followed by Roger Ramjet (r). 

9.35 FUmr Cueter of the West 


(1966) starring Robert Shaw, 
Mary Ure and Robert Ryan. 
Romanticised story of the 
events leading to the slaughter 
of General Custer and his men 
at Little Big Horn. Directed by 
Robert Siodomak. 1130 
WattooWattoo.(i) 

1230 Thomas Che Tank Engine and 


Friends narrated by Rmgo 
Starr, (r) 12.10 Puddle Lane. 
Puppet senes 1230 The 
Sufirvans. Drama serial about 
an Australian family during the 
Forties. 

130 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 130 Thames news. 

130 Falcon Crest Jayne Wyman 
stars as the matnarch of a 
California vinyard-own'mg 
dynasty 235 Home Cookery 
Club. Party Pieces. 


presented by Jeremy Cherias. 
This week's experts are Sheila 
Anderson, David Macdonald, 
Clive Catchpoie, and Peter 
Ferns. 

7.10 International Golf. Highfiahts 
of the final day* s play in the 
1 985 Ryder Cup at the Belfrey, 
coverage of which won the 
Golden Ring of Lausaunne. 

7.50 Open Space: A Voyage Rotmd 
the Mo na r ch y. Andrew Miner, 
a history student at Stirling 
University, argues that if madia 
coverage of tfe monarchy was 
like usual coverage, the Royal 
Family would not be held In the 
esteem and affection that it is. 
(see Choice) 


230 Daytime. Sarah Kennedy 
chairs a studio discussion on 
transplant surgery. Among 
those taking part are Geoffrey 
Koffman, Dr David Hid, and 
Vernon Coleman. 330 Take 
the Kgh Road 335 Thames 
news headlines 330 Sons and 



830 Brass Tacks: Lambe to the 
Slaughter? Reporter Gerry 
Northern examines where the 
experts went wrong fri their 
assessment of the effects of 
the Chernobyl fallout on sheep 
in the Lake District and 
Scotland, and examines the 


430 The Raggy Dots 5.10 The 
Telebugs 430 Hunting Loose. 
Adventures of eight inner-city 
children on a camping holiday 
in the English countryside. 
(Oracle) 435 Dan ge mtouse. 

5.15 Blockbusters. General 
knowledge quiz game for 
teenagers, presented by Bob 
Holness- 

5.45 News with Alastair Stewart 
630 Thames news. 


635 Helpl News of government 
sponsored schemes tor the 
unemployed. 

635 Crossroads. 

7.00 EmmerriaJe Farm. A stranger 
takes an interest in Doily 

730 Film: The Outlaws (1984) 
starring Christopher Lemmon 
and Charles Rocket. A made- 
for-teie vision, tongue-in-cheek 
chase adventure about two 
young men who find 
themselves in prison. The film 
follows their attempts to 
escape and when successful, 
their efforts to stay one step 
ahead of the taw. Directed by 
James Frawley 

930 Girls on Top. Comedy series 
about three girts who share an 
apartment in an impoverished 
titled lady's home. Starring 
Dawn French, Jennifer 
Saunders, Ruby Wax, and 
Joan Greenwood. (Oracle) 

930 This Week, tn this first of two 
programmes Jonathan 
Diiribleby examines the 
dilemma facing a National 
Health Service that is stretched 
to breaking point An eminent 
health economist claims that 
doctors make life and death 
decisions in ways that are 
becoming increasingly 
arbitrary and unjust using the 
situation to whip-up pubfle 
emotion in order to raise funds, 
rather than assessing how 
limited resources could best be 
used. 

1030 News at Ten with Alastair 
Burnet and Carol Barnes. 
Weather followed by Thames 
news headlines. 

1030 Snooker. The first semifinal of 
the Hofmeister World Doubles 
introduced by Dickie Davies 
from the Derogate Theatre, 
Northampton. The 
commentators are John 
Pulman, Dennis Taylor. Rex 
Williams, Ray Edmonds, and 
Mark Wildman. 

12.15 Life Styles of the Rich and 
Famous. Victoria Principal. 

1230 Night Thoughts. 


1.45 Theft Lordships’ House. A 
repeat of last night 1 s 
programme oi highlights of the 
day’s proceedings in the 
House of Lords. 

230 Snooker. The first semifinal Of 
the Hofmeister World Doubles, 
introduced by Dickie Davies 
from the Demgate Theatre, 
Northampton. 

430 Countdown. The first 

quarterfinal of the words and 
numbers game pits the number 
one seed, Harvey Freeman, 
against Elizabeth Jardine. 
seeded Bight. Richard Whiteley 
is the questionmaster, assisted 
by Gyles Brand reth as 
adjudicator. 

530 FBm: The Man in the Nfirror* 
(1936) starring Edward Everett 
Horton. Genevieve Tobin, and 
Alastair Sim. A hen-pecked 
husband, with a dull job, has 
his life enhanced when his 
image steps out of a mirror and 
begins to re-organise his fife in 
a more satisfactory manner. 


or. SCOTLAND: 1050am- 11 .00 Dotamav 
6X5p nv -7X0 Rationing Scotland. NORTH- 
ERN IRELAND: 5X5pm-&.40 Today's Span 
5A0-6X0 inside Ulster 6XS-7X0 
Masterrasm 8XD-9X0 Joy to ttw World. 
12.10am-l2.l5 News and weather. ENG- 
LAND: 6_35pra-7_00 Regional News 
Magazines. 

BBC2 WALES: &30ero4L55 

Maswmom. &55-SXQ haerval. 
ANGLIA as London except: 92Sam 

Sesame Street 1030 Cartoon 
KL45 School Rise Book 11 JO- 12X0 Out 
and Aooui 1 . 20 pm News 1X0-2JO Fifty. Fifty 
6.00-&3S Aoout Anglia 7.00-7 JO Thai's 
My Boy 12.15am Pasco ProWe. Close. 
BORDER ** London except- MOm 
Cartoon 9,; H Sayema Stnwt 
10X5-12X0 Fun BOV 1.20pm News IXO- 
2X0 Randall and HopfcirK (Deceased) 3X0 Par- 
lour Game 3X0-4.00 Young Doctors 6X0- 
6X5 Lookaround 12.1 5am Dose. 

centra l 3X5 

Areqmpa 10.05 Levkas Man 10X5 Laby- 
rinth 11.15-12X0 Race Arouid Bntaki 
12X0pnt-1XQ Contact 1X0-2X0 The Bar- 
on 6X0 Crossroads 6X5-7.00 News 12.15am 
JaUfineter 1.15 Close. 

GR A NA DA 

9X0 Flora and Fauna 640 BlondJe 10X5 


nrrartnri bv MnuricA FIvau vxo Flora and Fauna B-w Bionaie 10X5 

SSttUgSSs sssmsgs?" 

Trevor Hyett includes a firm 1XO-2XO Country Practice 1X0-400 Youn 






wSfeSM' 

■-■M* ■ s*.-- * .. 1 

; • 'r ./• 

-’j' = ■ 




nuclear accident 

930 Entertainment USA. Jonathan 
King is Is Tulsa, Oklahoma, 
where among the places he 
visits is the Oral Roberts 
University, and among those 
he meets are Huey Lewis and 
Duane Eddy. 

930 40 fcfinutes. The second and 
final part of the documentary 
examining CM! Service 
selection, (see Choice) 
(Ceefax) 

10L10 PM SBvere* BHko becomes 
unwittingly engaged to the 
long-suftering Joan when the 
{eweflers send her a ring 
instead of a bracelet (rf 
1035 Newsntght 1130 Weather. 



Trevor Hyett includes a firm 
report from Mansfield on the 
controversy surrounding Alan 
Meale, the NUM backed 
Labour Party candidate, not 
endorsed by the UDM who are 
threatening to put forward their 
own candidate. Pius, an 
interview with Ken GUI. 

730 Channel 4 News with Peter 
Sissons and Beatrice Hotiyer 
includes a behind-the-scenes 
investigation of safety at 
SeHafiekL 

730 Comment With her views on a 
topical subject is JuHa 
Hausermann, director of a 
recently formed eitemational 
humanitarian movement 
Rights and Humanity. 

Weather. 

830 A Closer Enc oun ter. Dr 
Horace Dobbs, director of 
International Dolphin Watch, 
who has spent his fife 
researching the habits of 
dolphins, visits a wild dolphin 
among Hie racks of the Atlantic 
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h. ^ 

•*••••• w«4f 


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sniootna. 






THURSDAY DECEMBER 1 1 1986 


Leeds to 
rethink 
away fan 
curbs 

By Martin Searby 
Leeds United, at foe centre 
of another row about their 


United leave the 
door ajar but 


go unpunished 


West Bromwich Album last 
Saturday, are keen for the 
Football Association to ban 
their supporters from aD away 
matches for at least two years. 

The dob feel that anything 
less will be insaffideixt to deter 
the fnwhtanakera who have 
given tbe team an unenviable 
reputation throughout the 
football world. 

Leeds were quite happy with 
the original prohibition on 
travelling supporters, imposed 
alter trouble at St Andrew’s 18 
mouths ago, and were dis- 
mayed when other dabs com- 
plained to Lancaster Gate that 
they were losing revenue as a 
resah of ft. The moment the 
FA lifted the restriction, there 
was trosble at Odsal Stadium 
during the gauK with Bradford 
City, when a mobile fish-and- 
cbrp bar was overturned and 
burned. 

Maxwdi Holmes, the Leeds 
director who has dealt with all 
the incidents, said yesterday: 
“We saw the original ban as 
bring quite successful and 
effective and we asked for it to) 
be continued for at least two 
years so that the hooligan 
element would gradually drift 
away and trouble would cease 
to be a habit. We were not 
happy with the FA decision 
which seemed to be based on 
many factors other than crowd 
psfoyems, and we can only 
hope that they do not change 
their "ifadn a gain. ” 

Mr Holmes also called for a 
consistent policy from the 
police who, he claims, have 
often let in fens who do not 
have tickets rather than have 
them walking through town 
centres crowded with Saturday 
shoppers. 

“The Metropolitan Police 
meet trains at King's Cross 
and those without tickets are 
put on the next one home” he 
said. “Bat at The Hawthorns 
last week, police let in 197 that 
we know about rather than 
have them loose in West 
Bromwich. They told as they 
had more resources inside the 
ground to deal with any trou- 
ble than were available in the 
town. I don’t think that was 
right bat it was a decision 
taken by the local commander. 

“We are desperate to rid 
ourselves of these thugs and 
die image die world has of 
Leeds United bet while the FA 
and the Football League ac- 
cept onr good intent we do 
need a cohesive policy 
thrashed out between aQ par- 
ties with money the last 
consideration. We will be 
happy to see the ban on our 
fens extended for as long as it 
takes to solve this hideous 
problem.” 

• Coventry City’s midfield 
player, Lloyd McGrath, went 
into hospital yesterday for 
exploratory surgery on his 
right knee. The England 
Under-2l international, who 
damaged the joint in a pro- 
season match and has been 
troubled ever since, limped 
out of Saturday's home match 
against Leicester City. 


From Stuart Jones 

Football Correspondent 

Split 

Hajduk Spfit... * — 0 

Dundee United — — 0. 

(Dundee United win 2-0onagq) 

Dundee United were ush- 
ered politely through to the 
last eight of tbe UEFA Cup 
last night. They were allowed 
to reach the quarter-finals of a 
European competition for the 
fourth time in five years only 
because of the astonishing 
incompetence of Hajduk Split 
in front of goat. 

The Yugoslavs, who had 
never foiled to win any of the 
previous 20 UEFA Cup ties 
staged in their own stadium, 
threw away that record in a 
manner which provoked 
understandable demonstra- 
tions of anger and derision on 


sentatives, Milne and Bannon, 
had been passed fit So had 
Mclnally, who opened the 
scoring in tbe first leg, but by 
the narrowest of margins. 

United were depleted, a 
feature rendered even more 
visible by the sight of Narey, 
their captain, wearing a heavy 
bandage around his left knee. 
Their main weakness lay on 
either side of him and his 
young partner, Clark. Though 
the central doors were locked, 
tbe side entrances were 
opened with alarming 
frequency. 

Holland McGinnis, neither 



to make a genuine save. Tbe 
sights of Deveric, Jeralimov 
and Bursae, with their heads, 
and Bursae, with a side-foot, 
were all embarrassingly awry. 

By the time that Bursae, 
released by a deflection, had 
nodded feebly into 
Thompson's arms, it faad be- 
come apparent that United 
would be safe. Even if they did 
commit the odd error, it was 
unlikely that they would be 
punished more than once. 
Indeed, it took the Yugoslavs 
an hour even to threaten to 
reduce the overall deficit. 

A couple offree kicks either 


2?iiJ£*?S s Clark and Redfbrd, suggated 


guardians on the and, 
bravely though they at- 


that United, though confined 


on their nerves. Within a mere 


uum ui «my.a ami ucnatuu via t ij tinnin g all thoughts of their 

the terraces. Tbe generosity of own came to 


an otherwise looted side taye notonly 

almost defied belief. 

The loss of their three ad ?^ nta ? e 1 , bu * 7 s ? . buiit a 
outstanding players - subMntral lead of tteir own. 

Sliskovic and the Vujovic . The source ot ali five open- 
twins who all joined French mgs was to be found on 
dubs before the start of the touchlmes shrouded m Adn- 
season - has inevitably atic Sea mist. Asanovic started 
diminished Hajduk*s talent, the s^uence with a comer 
But that cannot explain their ^ Miljus, the only present 
waywardness, which was even member of the international 


beat Thompson three tones 
within the closing half-hour. 

Still their final touch let 
them down. Jerolimov aimed 
his header at tbe feet of 
McGinnis, who was hugging a 
post; Andrijasevic sub- 


ouvOHiuubnaauvsnrMaiini .. fKmnoh 

the sequence with a corner- 

and MUjus, the only present 6001 jj* 

th. removed the bar from its 


more striking than that of the 
national side against England 
at Wembley last month. 


squad, ended it by riding a 
couple of tackles and delib- 
erately curling his cross away 


Jim McLean had won half Thompson. 


hinges with a ferocious drive; 
and Bursae completed a 
bemnsingly toothless display 
by striking a post. 


of the battle within his own 
camp. Although Mai pas and 
Sturrock were withdrawn 
through injury as well as 
Hegarty, two others of his 
more experienced repre- 


Hajduk, effective in tem- M 

poranly unhinging United’s' Jarosmw. l 
back four, were so ineffective 
when attempting to finish the j hoa. j Md 
moves that Thompson was fJHgft.J 
not required on any occasion Referee: ixa 


M Bwst2l O 

Osanowc, S Deveric. 

DUNDEE inu W Thonenon, Q McSrnb. 
J Holt J Mdnafly. J CtorK, D Nairay, D 


J Holt J Mdnasy. J Clark. D Nairay. D 
Beaumont R Mne. E Bsnon, K 
GaftBchar. I RedtonL 
Referee: I KetzarJNetttflrtands). 


Part-timers make 

£50,000 in Cap run 


Part-timers Chorley look a 5- 
Oexit from the FA Cup but were 
still laughing all the way to the 
bank after the second round 
replay at fourth division Preston 
North End on Tuesday night. 
Their share of the receipts from 
a Deepdale attendance of 16,417 
took the club's Cup jackpot to 
an estimated £50,000 from nine 
matches in tbe competition. 

Preston's top scorer, John 
Thomas, was the destroyer-in- 


replay. There was so much at- 
stake and victory went a long 
way to appease the fens un- 
happy with the side's inconsis- 
tency this season. 

The big prize in the third 
round is a home tie with the 
high-riding second division 
Plymouth Argyle and a West 
Country bonanza which will net 
£20,000 to both dubs with 
money to spare. 

Cooper admits to bring frns- 


chief with his third hat-trick of trated and his side did not really 


the season in the Cup. He struck 
twice in tbe first half as the 
Multipart League side clearly 
struggled to tina their feet on the 

artificial pitch and hit the third 
with a 59th minute penalty 
taking his season's tally to 17 

Osnor Williams and Gary 
Brazil completed tbe one-sided 
run that Charley manager Ken 
Wright lavished praise on his 
players. “It was our first experi- 
ence on the plastic pitch and 
they play on it every week. It 
made it a completely different 
game but we battled for a full 90 
minutes. 

“Now it's back to the grass 
roots and the nitty gritty of our 
own League. I always raid that 
for us the FA Cup is about glory 
and a few quia and we got 
both." 

The Bristol City manager. 


break down Bath until the last 
10 minutes. Winger Gordon 
Owen who scored a 34th minute 
penalty completed a double in 
the 86th minute after striker 
Steve Neville had virtually 
gft deri Bath's fete, with Bristol's 
second goaL 

Bath confirmed manager 
Bobby Jones’s opinion that 
there is httk to choose between 
the top non-League sides and 
those in the fourth Division, as 
his dub emerged with a £20,000 
reward from their cup exploits. 

In the shock of the second 
round. Caernarfon Town went 
to the ground of the third 
division dub, York City, and 
returned with a 2-1 win. After 
drawing 0-0 at home on Sat- 
urday they led 2-0 in the replay 
with goals from Salmon and 
Craven. Although Can ham 


Terry Cooper, heaved a sigh of pulled one back in the 78th 
relief when bis side eventually minute but the Multipart 


relief when bis side eventually 
beat down a fine fighting Bath 
City 3-0 in their second round 


minute but the Multipart 
League dub held to earn a third 
round tie at home to Barnsley. 


Defenders 
back for 
Chelsea 

The Chelsea defenders, Joe 
McLaughlin and Cohn Pates, 
axe set to return for Sunday's 
televised first division match 
with Liverpool at Anfidd after 
missing last week’s 4-0 home 
defeat by Wimbledon. 
McLaughlin has recovered 
from influenza while Pates, 
the captain, has shaken off a 
rib injury. 

• Brighton and Hove Al- 
bion are giving a Christmas 
gift to their young fens by 
allowing children under the 
age of 16 free terrace ad- 
mission for their home game 
against Shrewsbury Town on 
Sunday, December 21. The 
dub's directors hope to boost 
the attendance at a time when 
gates all over the country are 
notoriously thin. 

• Neil Warnock, the manager 
of the Vauxhall Conference 
dub Scarborough, has been 
named as the Gola manager of 
the month for November. 
Warnock, who joined Scar- 
borough in the summer, re- 
ceives the award after taking 
the dub to second place 
following an unbeaten se- 
quence of six matches during 
the month. He win receive a 
cheque for £ 100 for his efforts. 


BADMINTON 


India postpones series 



Britain’s toughest 
footballer? 

Sportsweek looks at how Sheffield 
Wednesday turned ‘skinny 1 Siggi 
Jonsson into solid fr 
British muscle. 


The Real Test 
inAusbralia 

Is England’s captain, Gattmg, under 
threat from Emburey? Special 
Sportsweek Report 

Rising star, downhill 
excitement 

First ski report of the 
season, and a count- 
down to success for 
Britain’s new speed star, Martin Bell. 




- a 

>- - 


PLUS 

• For sale: Ian Botham 

• Rugby wrecks: burnt out at 25 

• Golf: where losers win $50,000 

• Squash wan Khan takes on 
Barrington 

• The best sports photographs 
in the world 


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MORE NEWS • MORE DEPTH • MORE COVERAGE 


Six of Britain's leading bad- 
minton players will be de- 
prived of a considerable 
Christmas bonus with India’s 
announcementthat it has post- 
poned plans to stage a five- 
match invitation test series 
Steve Baddeley, England 
No. 1, was one of tbe players 
invited to attend the event as 
part of a European select team 
to face the Indian national 
side at a series of events 
throughout India. 


Edberg 

returns 

Stefen Edberg will return to 
the Kooyong grass courts in 
Melbourne, where a year ago 
he won the Australian Open, 
when he leads the holders 
Sweden in the Davis Cup final 
from December 26 to 28. But 
the non-playing captain Hasse 
Olsson confirmed when he 
announced the team yesterday 
that Mats Wikmder, the world 
No. 3, would not be playing. 

Wilander, who like Edberg 
lost in the Grand Prix Masters 
semifinals in New York on 
Sunday, had given advance 
warning tha* he would not be 
available because of his mar- 
riage In Smith Africa the 
following week. Anders 
Jarryd, Joakim Nystrom and 
Mikael Ferafors complete the 
Swedish team with Kent 
Carlsson and Johan Cartsson 
named as reserves. 

Norman award 

Greg Norman, the British 
Open golf champion, was 
voted Australian sportman of 
die year yesterday. The 31- 
year-old Queenslander, now 
based in Orlando, Florida, was 
also voted Australia’s most 
popular sporting personality 


However, doubts about the 
participation of India's No. 1, 
Prakash Padukone, has 
prompted tbe organizers to 
postpone the event 
The' other players who were 
due to attend the event were 
the Scottish champion, Dan 
Travers, who is set to fly out to 
India on December 27, the 
English trio, Mite Tredgett, 
Dipak Tailor and Nick Yates 
and an Anglo-Scot, Billy 
Gilliland. 


SPORT IN BRIEF 


in a poll of 127 sports federa- 
tions representing 63 million 
Australian sports enthusiasts. 
The Commonwealth 400 me- 
tre hurdles champion Debbie 
FlintofL aged 26, of Mel- 
bourne, won the sportswomen 
of the year award and Robert 
de Castelia took the award for 
the best angle achievement of 
the year - his Boston Mara- 
thon victory in 2hr 7min 
Slsec. 

Salnikov out 

The Soviet double swim- 
ming world record holder 
V ladimir Salnikov will not 
compete in tbe European Cup 
in Malmo, Sweden, starting 
on Saturday. Instead, the 
800m and 1300m freestyle 
record holder will help to 
coach tire nine-strong Soviet 
squad, which is led by double 
world champion Igor 
Polyanski 

On four wheels 

The former wodd SOOcc 
motocross champion Andre 
Malherbe of Belgium has his 

ricier to gradnatet^formula 
one motor racing. Malherbe, 
the world titieholder in 1980, 
1981 and 1984 and runner-up 
in 1983, 1985 and 1986. has 
announced his retirement 
from championship moto- 


Barry Hills, the new master of Marion, parades trader the dock tower with Robert 
Songster, and former stable jockey, Steve Caotfaen, who travelled downfirom Newmarket far 
a day’s shootin g on the estate. Sangster appointed Hills as his new tranra at Marion after 
sacking Michael Dickinson on November 25 (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 


CRICKET 


Rebels demolished 
by pace of le Roux 


Cape Town (Reuter) — The 
rebel Australian cricketers col- 
lapsed to 15 for seven on their 
way to a crushing eight-wicket 
defeat by South Africa in the 
second of their one-day inter- 
national matches yesterday. 

The Australians, destroyed 
fay fiery pace bowling from 
Garth Je Roux, recovered 
slightly to 85 ail out after 34 
off their allotted 50 overs. 
South Africa hit the required 
runs with ease, reaching 86 for 
two in 15 overs. 

The home side's second win 
gave them an unbeatable 2-0 
lead in the four-match day- 
night series. The second game 
was washed out by torrential 
rain. The Australian batsmen 
found le Roux virtually un- 
playable as he look six for 21 
in his 10 overs, ripping the 
heart our of the Australian 
middle order. 

Fast bowlers Come van Zyl 
and Brian McMillan took two 
wickets each as the touring 
side, who elected to bat after 
winning the toss, were thor- 
oughly outclassed by a deter- 
mined Sooth African side. 

Only a spirited ninth wicket 
stand of 53 by Mike Taylor 
and Rod McCurdy saved the 
Australians from total humili- 
ation. Taylor's 36 not ont 


cross to try his motor racing 
luck on the Formula Three 
circuit. 

Day’s boost 

Tony Day, who set two 
British records a fortnight ago, 
has been granted a Miner 
Award for Olympic Ex- 
cellence. Tbe Leeds-based 
Welshman will receive £4, 160 
between now and the 1988 
Olympics to help with his 
training and trav elling ex- 
penses. Currently studying 
physics at Leeds University, 
the 21-year-old from Gwyd 
claimed the British 400m 
medley and 1500m freestyle 
short course records at the 
Esso International in Toronto, 
but his performances came 
just too late to earn a place in 
the Great Britain team for this 
week’s European Cup in 
Malmo. 

Calling h a day 

Peter Cooper, vice president 
of FISA, is to retire next 
summer as chief executive of tbe 
RAC Motor Sports Association. 

Aiming high 

Alex Dickson, of Larkhatl, 
will meet Andy Williams 
(Pontnewynydd) in a 10-round 
etimmator for tbe British light- 
weight title, at Livingston. West 
Lothian, during the second half 
of February. 


included one six. None of the 
other top eight batsmen 
reached double figures. 

South Africa made short 
work of their task after make- 
shift opener Dave Richard- 
son, standing in for the injured 
Henry Fotberingham, fell 1% 
before to Rodney Hogg for 
three. 

Monday's match in 
Johannesburg was washed out 
by rain after South Africa had 
won the first by six wickets in 
Verwoerdburg on Saturday.* 
AUSTRALIAN XI 

SB arfiBi c Richardson b van Zyl — 4 

KCWesseisc Kirsten b Von 2yf 2 

GNYtfopc McKenzie bte Roux 2 

*K J Hughes c Richardson b to Roux - 2 

MD Taylor not out 36 

MDBaysmanfowtola Roux 0 

P l Faunrer b le Roux — 0 

tS J Root c Rica b le Roux : — 0 

R M Home Bee ble Roux 12 

RJMoCwdyc Richardson bMc&Ban 18. 

TM AMarman bMcMiHan O 

Extras (b 2, nb 1, w 6) 9 

Total (34 overs J — 85 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-5, 2-8, 3-11, 4-12. 
5-12. 6-15, 7-15, 8-31, 9-84. 1055. 
BOWLING: van Zyl 10-4-17* Is Roux 10- 
251-8; Page 5-0-164: Matthews 6-1-22- 
O; Rice WHH* McMfltan 1 -0-1-2. 

SOUTH AFRICA 

5 J Cook few b McCuthr 47 

tD J Ri c har dson tow b Hogg 3 

P N Kirsten not out 30 

KSMcEwannotaut— 4 

Extras (w 2) — — 2 

Total (2 wMs. 15 overs] 86 

‘CESffice.KAMcKsnzfc^.BMMcMBan. 

6 S la Roux, H A F&ga.CJ Van Zyf and 8 
A Matthews cfld not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-15. 252. 

BOWLING: Hogg 4-0-25-1; Alderman 7-2- 
26-0: McCurctyXO-35-1. 


BOXING 


King talk 
might still 
yield action 

From Srikmnar Sen 
New York 

The first world heavyweight 
title bout at Madison Squire 
Garden for seven and a half 
years between Tim 
Witherspoon and James 
“Bonecrnsher” Smith, tomor- 
row is still in the balance 
because of a dispute , between 
Witherspoon and his manager, 
Don King. 

Witherspoon's lawyer, Den- 
nis Richard, said that he could 
not say whether the champion 
would go on with the bout until 
he had seen the contract today. 

“I cannot say whether Mr 
Witherspoon will fight until I 
have sat down with Mr King’s 
lawyers and looked at the docu- 
ment. If he is obligated to fight 
he will fight. But more than a 
question of money it is about 
rights and Lights. And when he 
leaves the ring he has rights and 
the lights are not turned out on 
him.” 

Before the arrival of his 
attorney, Witherspoon was 
quoted as telling Jose Torres, 
the chairman of tbe New York 
State Athletic Commission, that 
he was “fighting but not 
talking,'' 

Yesterday's exchanges at a 
press conference between Mr 
King and Mr Richard seemed to 
imply that the bout had every 
chance of going on as scheduled. 


SNOOKER 


balance 


By Sydney Frisian 


Tbe unseeded combination 
of Mike HaUett and Stephen 
Hendry defeated the seventh 
seeds, Neal Foulds and John 
Parrott, 5-1 to qualify for the 
semi-finals of the Hofineister 
world doubles championship 
at Northampton yesterday . 

It was a victory achieved 
through greater fluency of 
stroke and the ability to 
capitalize on opportunity — a 
virtue not apparent in the 
opposition, who had -an un- 
comfortable afternoon. Two 
breaks of 34 and 37, both by 
Foulds, represented the best 
effort from this pair. 

The outstanding player of 
the afternoon was HaOett, 
who tipped the balance with 
his keen eye, delicate touch 
and subtle tactical ploys. He 
said^The first frame slipped 
away from us but after that we 
put our game together. In our 
last match we were individ- 
uals but now we are getting 
together as a team." HaUctt’s 
first telling blow was -lus- 
clearance of ' 65 compiled 
when six reds were left on tbe 
table. It enabled him to level 
at 1-1 and be sealed the fete of 


the third frame by clearing 
from brown to black. 

Hendry came more into 
contention in tbe fourth 
frame, a red despatched from 
long range leading to a break 
of 53 which left the opposition 
needing two snookere. HaOett 
and Hendry came out of 

several tight comers and even- 
tually won the frame when 
Hendry potted the pink. 

As his confidence grew, 
Hendry became more as- 
sertive and his breaks of 38 
and 32 put him and his 
partner 4-1 ahead. Foulds and 
Parrott sat back to watch their 
own destruction which was 
completed by Hendry with a 
superb break of 81 They now 
meet John Virgo and Kirk 
Stevens today . 

Steve Davis and Tony Meo, 
the holders, put themselves in 
line for their fourth title with a 
5y whitewash on Tuesday 
night of Silvino Francisco and 
his nephew, Peter Francisco. 


next month to relive (he 
previous six punishing days at 
Pahn Springs. California, that 
had nevertheless brought him 
deep satisfaction. 

“The tension of the PGA 
qualifying school,” he said, 
“was anbeiievaMe. You have 
to be there five days before- 
hand, so that you begin to feel 

that tilings are never gOXQg tO 

finish,** 

Parkin, who wfll be 25 
tomorrow, had not only won 
his tournament player’s card, 

itself a rare achievement for a 

British golfer, but finished 
third in a six-round examina- 
tion which virtually guar- 
antees him an opening in any 
United States tournament he 
chooses, at least until well past 
midsummer. But it was an 
ordeal, however serene his 
series of scores — 70, 70, 72, 
69, 70, 70, 11 muter par - 
might seem. 

“Somebody said that Pete 
Dye {a renowned golf archi- 
tect] was told R> make the PGA 
West the most difficult coarse 
in the world. He might have 
done just that” 

Curiously enough, Parian 
had not been too sure of his 
game at the start and often 


Played the best 
under pressure 


took a one-iron off tbe tee. “It 
was steady stuffy without any 
mistakes, but the last day was 
different 1 said to myself: 
*Hey, I’ve got my card now,’ 
and I started using my driver. I 
hit every green and most have 
played tire last four or five 
holes, when the pressure 
really began to mount, better 
than almost anyone. I was one 
under for those holes, and 
many of the rest were two or 
three over. My 70 was the best 
score among the top 25 in the 
pressure cooker.” 

Parian, a cheerful extrovert 
whose ebullience happily fells 
short of cockiness, is at a loss 
to explain foe difference be- 
tween his golf in Europe and 
the United States. “Over 
here,” he said from across the 
Atlantic; “fm very solid and 
steady, with foe right mental 
attitude, yet when Fm in 
Europe I do crazy things. I can 

hardly believe bow badly I’ve 
done over there.” 


US card should 
•give Cop edge 


He played in few European i 
tournaments in his first year 
as a professional, in 1984, and 
was 65th in tbe order of merit 
with prize money of £11,608. 
The figures in his first com- 
plete season were 32nd and 
£58,677. Although he fell only 
one place this year, his prize 
money plunged to £ 35 , 904 . He 
thinks be wOl return to Europe 
in May a better player after 
foe opportunities now opened 
op to him in foe United States. 

His marriage ou January 17. 
will keep him ont of the first 
two PGA tournaments, but he 
hopes to be ready for foe 
Phoenix Open foe following 
week. Thereafter he expects to 
play regularly until foe end of 
April. 

His first tournament in • 
Europe win be the Epson 
Grand Prix in his native 
Wales, at San Pierre, Chep- 
stow. What happens after 
wiD depend on foe results he 
achieves. 

“Retaining the US card is 
my first priority,” he says, 
‘‘which means getting a place 
in foe top 125 in the order of 
merit. If I don't nwi» the 
Ryder Cop team from foe 
European prize-money fist, mf 
experience of American am-' 
ditions may be a help when 
Tony Jacklin comes to con- 
sider tbe three places left open 
for his personal choke.” The 
match trill be played at 
Muirfield Village, Ohio, in f 
September. 


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