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iker orders 

ent to drop 

cism’ case 

By John Clare, Education Correspondent 

™iw ■ on *lbP» which must be in exch 

order Bren, council to drop ail everyone's best interests.** mad 

d Il C T;. in 2 S' e pr 0 a < ? edinfiS A " official declined lo cour 
t. M ® ure . en speculate about whether the purs 
McGoidncL. ihe headteacher council might be tempted to Hi 

disciplinary proceedings 
against Miss Maureen 
McGoidrick, the headteacher 
it accuses of having made a 
racist remark. 

Mr Baker has decided to 
issue a direction under section 
68 of the Education Act 1944 
forbidding the north London 
borough from holding a disci- 
plinan- hearing into the case 
which had been planned for 

The Act gives the Secretary 
of State for Education the 
power to intervene if he 
believes that a local education 
authority has acted “un- 
reasonably", or is about to do 
so. If Brent derides to ignore 
the direction. Mr Baker will go 
to the High Court for an 
injunction restraining it. 

The council has received a 
confidential letter from Mr 
Baker informing it of his 
intentions. It is understood 
that the formal direction will 
follow on Monday or 

Brent said yesterday: “The 
council would be very sur- 
prised if at this late stage the 
Secretary of State took any 
action which prevented a full 
and fair bearing of this case 
enabling for the first time all 
the facts to be established. 

ignore Mr Baker's instruction. 
The leader of the council. Miss 
Merle Amory. spent most of 
the day interviewing can- 


Miss McGoidrick: has sup- 
port of parents and union, 
di dales for the vacant post of 
director of education. 

The front-runner is under- 
stood to be Brent's chief race 
relations adviser, Mr Russell 
Profitt. a Labour prospective 
parliamentary candidate. 

The power Mr Baker is 
invoking was last used in 1982 
when his predecessor. Sir 
Keith Joseph, forced Derby- 
shire County Council to allow 
a sixth-former to take up an 
assisted place at a public 

exchange ofletters in which he 
made plain that in his view the 
council had no grounds for 
pursuing the case any further. 

He said he did not believe 
that the allegation against 
Miss McGoklrick, that she 
had told a council official that 
she did not want any more 
black teachers at Sudbury 
Infants School, constituted 
reasonable grounds for hold- 
ing a disciplinary hearing. 

Privately, he has not trou- 
bled to disguise his distaste at 
the way he feels she has been 
persecuted by the council. 

However, it was in the 
Court of Appeal that Brent 
won the right to hold a 
disciplinary bearing, not- 
withstanding the fact that the 
school governors had cleared 
her of the racism charge. But 
in his judgment, the Master of 
the Rolls, Sir John 
Donaldson, said be hoped the 
council would not proceed. 

The council stood its 

Miss McGoidrick was sus- 
pended in July but reinstated 
after a campaign, including 
the threat of a strike, by her 
union, the National Union of 

• In another sign of the 
growing disenchantment 
among Brent teachers about 
the council's racial policies, 
Mr Robert Benjamin, head- 
master of Claremont High 
School, Kenton, has an- 

and ladies 


cused of racial discrimination 
and involved in disputes with 
conferred under this Act, he Brem ^nesuon officials over 

may give such directions as to be 

the exercise of (he power as ordered were unsuitable for 

While the male 
cadets of Sandhurst 
brandish rifles, the 
women wave canes. 
How fares the 
female in the 
modern Army? 

appear to him to be 

Mr Baker's derision lo 
move against Brent follows an 

‘£60 m ’ 
to refine 

the job. 

Lords' objections 2 
Letters 17 

rrk/IIIVI • VMriw* V, . n « 

HOW fares the Scrence Editor 

fomalp in th« Improvements to the Srila- 

rSCtorn Amfw? field nuclear reprocessing 

modern Army i plant in Cumbria, ordered by 

■ the Health and Safety Exec- 

✓'"yT p ft g utive, win cost tens of millions 

°^^uestima*e” yesterday 
a by British Nuclear Fuels was 

{ijy, _ / / more than £60 million. 

— But the amount would re- 

main uncertain until the coro- 
_ _ _ . _ , pany clarified with the 

£!;“!■ j;f& Nuclear Installations Inspec- 

flbi/iVvuv LvJ torale exactly wbat was ex- 

■n J pected in some of the 

trtjQ demands contained in the 

W Safety Audit of BNFL Sella 

O There is £20,000 to field published on Thursday, 

be won today The Only then, according to the 

-■ iLTd-,*- cAiiA cnM company, could detailed en- 

! wnes MflMoGpM gineering work be planned and 

cofv?pet f «on — ens costed. Discussions start next 

£4,000 dsify prize week with the inspectorate on 

and £16.000 in the “how to translate the pro- 

waeklv. twice the posals in the audit into a 

usual amount because mutually acceptable pro- 

no one won test g™ m£ of wrk “ d ^ 

week. British Nuclear Fuels was 

© YesfiSfoSy S _4,0SHJ also told to draw up a “safety 

was shared by three case" for Sellafield. Among 

readers. Details, other things, that would in- 

DSC® 3 dude a review of present 

a Portfolio lists, methods of inspection and 

(vi maintenance, 

pages The company said h was 

not possible to foresee if the 
safety analysis would highlight 
additional change, and. hence, 
the extra associated time and 

^ Rriiain’s en- Although the safety exec- 
\\ niie Cjusad.., B u n s ^ utive ^ company i 0 

ir> i,. .he N P Tea- make improvements witb- 

hy « seconds to New m Jn J3 monlhSi h js dearjy 

land, the ov ja * 1 ' h impossible for anyone to say 

From anile and fai.ed categorically that u can all be 

ihe scini-nnals done in that period. 

__ . In the audit, the safety 

inspectors examined 672 re- 
ports of radiation leaks and 
exposures recorded at Sella- 
fieid between January 1979 
Continued on page 20, col 6 

JL’ ^ y '4> 4]* ^ 

h& won 

© There is £20,000 to 
be won today in The 
Times Portfolio Gold 
competition — the 
£ 4,000 daily prize 
and £16.000 in the 
weekly, twice the 
usual amount because 
no one won iast 

© Yesterday’s £4,000 
was shared by three 
readers. Details, 
page 3. 

© Portfolio lists, 
pages 20, 25. 

Aids outburst risk 
to Anderton’s job 

By Staff Reporters 

The outspoken condemns- Socialist-dominated autbor- 
tion of Aids by Mr James ity, that a fresh collision 
Anderton, the chief constable seemed inevitable, 
of Greater Manchester, won Mr ^ ^ 

public plaudits yesterday but ^ cha irman of the authority, 
immediately brought the a c^py of Andcnon’s 

ffirMt of disciplinary action rushed to mem- 

to at a meeting of the 
Finance and Policy Commit- 

rtf hours after its delivery to 
jammed with hundreds of ]60 < | e j egat£S from 43 police 

fonsTu was placed on the 
outraged members of the ^ ; mTTW ti a tP discus- 

Greater Manchester Pobce 
Authority were seeking l^al 

1 advice on the possibility of “To say members were 
officially admonishing or even surprised and disappointed is 
forcing the resignation of their putting it mildly,” Mr Moffat 
most volatile employee. added. “Some of them were 

Next Friday each member seething with indignation and 
ofthe authority will be given a are determined the matter will 
transcript of foe speech deliv- not rest until our chief con- 
ered by Mr Anderton at a one- stable has at the very least 
day Aids seminar in Mancbes- been forced to apologise.” 

“V * 1 Since foe former Greater 

spoke about the relf-inffiried Manchester Police Committee 

5C °^ t y . °j. . **** had been disbanded and re- ! 

ceKpop! of immorality placed by the more politically 

. "SPSL 1 !? “ rtl 25 liberal police authority, he 

desenphon of foe crease are ^ ev ^ effort had been ! 
so hostile, particularty among 7 

left-wing supporters of foe Continued on pass 2, col 6 

British Gas 
sale raised 

The Government reaped 

By Onr Education 

A solution to foe leach ers’ 
pay dispute edged a fraction 
closer yesterday when the 
employers’ leader. Mr Jobs 
Peatman, undertook to revise 
the deal which has been 
accepted by unions represent- 
ing a majority of teachers, so 
as to ensure that it will cost no 
more than foe £608 million 
allowed by foe Government. 

At a meeting with Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary of 
State for Education and Sci- 
ence, Mr Peatman said he was 
also prepared to compromise 
on the proposed management 
structure, to bring it more into 
line with foe Government's 

Mr Baker described foe two 
steps as a “tremendous move 
forward”, but an agreement 
may still be a distant prospect 
because Mr Pearman has im- 
posed a new condition. He 
told Mr Baker that unless the 
Government abandoned its 
intention, just approved by 
foe Commons, to take control 
of the negotiation of teachers* 
pay and of conditions, there 
would be no deal. 

He is also asking to see foe 
Prime Minister in order to 
reinforce foe message. 

However, Mr Baker said 
that he bad no intention of 
withdrawing the Bill, which 
still feces a rough passa^ 
through the Lords. He said 
that “whatever happens”, he 
is determined to recover the 
power to veto any agreement 
on the grounds of cost, a 
power that foe Secretary of 
State had until July last year. 

• The third biggest teaching 
union, the Assistant Masters 
and Mistresses Association, 
yesterday became foe first to 
announce the results of a 
ballot of members' response to 
the proposals agreed Ity four of 
the six unions at the concili- 
ation service, Acas. 

On a 55 percent turn out of 
foe 88,000 members in stale 
schools in England and Wales, 
66 per cent voted in favour 
and 34 per cent against. ' 



|g|| ' 

Kinn ock 



From Richard Owen 

Mr George Shultz, the 
United States Secretary of 
State, and Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
foe Foreign Secretary, yes- 
terday condemned foe Labour 
Party's unilateralist defence 
policy at a meeting of Nato 
foreign ministers. 

Mr Shultz, declining at first 
to comment since it had been 
“drummed into him” not to 
comment on the internal poli- 
tics of other countries, accused 
foe Labour Party of adopting a 
“catastrophic” policy. 

“Why in the world put 
ourselves in a position where 
foe Soviet Union can look 
down our throats and tell us 
where to go because they are 
heavily armed and we have 
thrown all our arms away,” he 
said. “It does not make any 
sense at all.” 

His outspoken remarks fol- 
low last week’s attack on 
unilateralism by Nato defence 
ministers and foe largely hos- 
tile reception given to Mr 
Kinnock's ideas during his 
visit to foe US. 

Sir Geoffrey said Labour's 
policy was folly last week “and 
is still foolish this week”. 

• Kinnock denial: Mr Neil 
Kinnock last night denied that 
Labour was fudging its de- 
fence policy by promising 10 
consult- Britain's Nato allies 
before getting rid of American 
nuclear weapons (Our Politi- 
cal Reporter writes). But he 
failed to confirm that foe 
ultimate removal of the weap- 
ons was a firm pledge rather 
than an objective. 

Doctor cleared of raping girl 

A doctor was yesterday 
acquitted of raping a girl aged 
eight while she slept at his 

£7.75 billion from the sale of I home last year. 

British Gas. And foe creation 
of Sid — foe mythical man 
who was employed to 

At the end of a five-day 
private prosecution brought 
by the girl’s mother, the jurv 

encourage a new breed of also found the consultant 
small investor — cost £164 anaesthetist innocent of in- 


The final bill, presented to 

JPariiameni yesterday by Mr 

decent assault ‘ 

The doctor, aged SO, mar- 
ried with a son aged five, said 

Peter Walker, Secretary of afterwards: “I have always 

State for Trade and Industry, maintained my innocence. I 

showed that 2 per cent of the 
cash raised — £5.35 billion in 
sales and £2.4 billion in 
borrowing - was spent 

Details, page 21 

just wish to get back to my 


The doctor, whose family 
relationship with the girl was 
not published during foe trial 

to protect the identity of both 
parties, refused to answer 

But Mr Maxwell Lewis, his 
solicitor said that legal advice 
would now be taken about 
prosecuting The Sun news- 
paper which publicly named 
the doctor in March and then 
launched the private prosecu- 
tion after foe Director of 
Public Prosecutions said there 
was insufficient evidence to 
institute proceedings. 

Mr Lewis said foe doctor 
had endured a "crushing 
burden” since his arrest in 
September 1985 which had 
made his life a “living hell”. 

Paper says France paid £1.6m ransom 

From Diana Geddes 


Further embarrassing 
claims that France has been 
engaging in hand bargaining 
for foe release of its hostages 
in Beirut, despite Govern- 
ment denials, are contained in 
a detailed report in foe in- 
dependent French daily. Lib- 
eration, published yesterday. 

According to foe news- 
paper, M Jacques Chirac, the 
Prime Minister, agreed to pay 
a 1 5 million franc (£L 6 m) 
ransom in exchange for the 
release of two French tele- 
vision journalists. M Philippe 

Rocfaot and M George Han- 
sen. last June. 

The deal, which also in- 
cluded political concessions to 
Iran and Syria, was allegedly 
negotiated by two Lebanese 
Shia businessmen, Mr Na§ib 
Zaher and Mr Ibrahim 
Baroud. with M Chirac's Chef 
du Cabinet. M Michel Rous- 
sin, acting as the go-between. 

The report comes hard on 
foe heels of President Mitter- 
rand's revelation earlier this 
week that M Chirac and his 
Socialist predecessor, M Lau- 
rent Fabius, had considered 
releasing a pro-Iranian terror- 
ist, sentenced 10 life imprison- 
ment in France, in exchange 

for French hostages in Beirut 

M Mitterrand said he would 
consider a presidential pardon 
for Mr Anis Naceache, head of 
a four-man commando team 
which killed a French police- 
man and a woman during an 
assassination attempt against 
Mr Chapour Bakhtiar, Iran's 
last Prime Minister under the 
Shah, in Paris in 1980. 

. M Mitterrand said foe par- 
don would be on condition 
that the five hostages were 
released simultaneously. 

M Chirac has always been 
adamant that he would not be 
prepared to negotiate directly 
or indirectly with terrorists. 

Giving in to their demands 
would mean risking further, 
more important, demands in 
the future, he said. He also 
maintains that all recourse 10 
unofficial emissaries to help 
secure foe hostages' release 
was stopped as soon as his 
Government came to power 
last March. 

According to Liberation, the 
15 million franc “ransom” 
was paid through a Swiss 
bank, out of a special fund 
controlled by all French Prime 
Ministers. At foe same time 
France expelled Mr Massoud 
Radjavi. a leading opponent 
ofthe Ayatollah Khomeini 

The jury at Chelmsford 
Crown Court readied a unani- 
mous verdict on both counts 
after deliberating for three 
hours. 20 minutes. 

Relatives of the girl sobbed 
in court and the doctor waited 
for more than an hour inside 
the building before leaving. 

The judge ordered that all 
costs should be met out of 

central funds. 

The jury had been told that 
foe girl stayed with the doctor 
for five nights in August last 
year to allow her mother to 
slay with her elder epileptic 
son in hospital in Oxford. 

Continued on page 20, col 1 

fuel rate 
of inflation 

Tne rate of inflation rose to 
15 per cent last month, its 
highest since March and up 
from 3 per cent in October. 

The increase, largely due to 
the 1.25 point rise in mortgage 
rates last month, puts infla- 
tion above the Treasury’s 
forecast of 3.25 percent for foe 
fourth quarter of the year. 

Many City economists ex- 
pect the rate to move steadily 
higher hyfoe end of next year, j 
But foe Treasury and foe Bank 
of England expect foe rate to 
be held at 4 per cent or less. 

Details, page 21 


raids on ANC 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

Tough talking: Mr Kenneth Baker speaking yesterday after 
meeting leaders of teadros’ unions. 

US tries to 
Nato allies 

From Richard Owen 

In an attempt to restore 
American credibility, Mr Geo- 
rge Shultz, foe Secretary of 
State, yesterday moved swiftly 
and firmly to mend the 
Reagan Administration's fen- 
ces with its European allies. 

He agreed with Nato foreign 
ministers on post-Reykjavik 
arms control priorities, re- 
assured the Europeans that the 
White House was putting foe 
Iran debacle behind it. and 
urged EEC and US negotiators 
to settle their trade differences 
by foe end of the year, while 

President Reagan wants foe 
two key figures m the Iran 
arms controversy, . Vice Ad- 
miral John Poindexter and Lt- 
Col Oliver North, to “co- 
operate fully with Congress, to 
tell foe foil story ... to tell it hi 
open session,” the White 
House said (Renter reports 
from Washington). 

Democrats revived, page 5 

warning that American pa- 
tience over foe trade issue had 
its limits. 

A communique at the end 
of the two-day meeting of foe 
Nato Council omitted foe plan 
advanced by Mr Reagan at 
Reykjavik in October for foe 
total elimination of all ballis- 
tic missiles in 10 years, which 
had alarmed the Europeans. 
Instead it spelled out Nato’s 
immediate goals along the 
lines agreed in November at 
Camp David between Mr 
Reagan and Mrs Thatcher. 
Coe tinned on page 20, col 3 

In a television address to 
foe nation, foe South .African 
president, Mr P.W. Botha, last 
night announced that the sec- 
urity forces had taken steps 
during foe previous 24 hours 
to prevent widespread acts of 
terror which he claimed were 
being planned by foe outlawed 
African National Congress 
(ANO for foe Christmas 

Mr Botha's disclosure came 
after an announcement by the 
Commissioner of Police. Gen- 
eral Johan Coeizcc. that an 
undisclosed number of ANC 
members and other political 
activists bad been arrested. 
Their names have not been 
officially released. 

Among those detained is Mr 
Zwelakbe Sisulu. the editor of 
The Sew Nation, a radical 
fortnightly paper funded by 
foe Catholic Church and writ- 
ten mainly by and for blacks. 
Mr Sisulu is foe son of Mr 
Walter Sisulu. a veteran ANC 
figure serving a term of life 
imprisonment with Mr Nel- 
son Mandela. 

The authorities declined lo 
confirm Mr Sisulu's arrest, but 
his lawyers said that his 
mother, Mrs Albertina Sisulu, 
had been notified by the 
Police that he was in deten- 
tion. Lawyers here say this 
amounts to official disclosure 
and makes it possible 10 
mention Mr Sisulu's name. 

In his address, Mr Botha 
said that foe security force 
action bad been aimed at 
"forces under the direction” of 
an unholy “terrorist alliance” 
between the ANC and foe 
South African Communist 
Party (SACP), which is also a 
prohibited organisation. 

He claimed to have "irrefut- 
able information” from cap- 
tured ANC documents that 
the organisation was planning 
“to incite revolution (in South 
Africa) before, on and after the 
16th of December by way of 
extensive acts of sabotage and 
mass actions”. 

The documents showed 
"beyond all doubt that the 
ANC is now striving to divide 
our black communities, and to 
indie them against the whites, 
and to encourage foe commit- 
ting of acts of violence against 
whites, even if these were to 
include large-scale 

bloodshed'*, Mr Botha 

The new press controls 
introduced on Thursday sho- 
uld "be viewed in the light of 
this information", which. Mr 
Botha said, had been made 
available to chief executives of 
the four main Afrikaans and 
English newspaper groups in 
recent discussions with the 

Mr Bollia confirmed that 
the Government had offered 
the four groups exemption 
from the new censorship 
regulations if they were pre- 
pared to accept *'self- 
resiraint”. Bui “this proposal 

Workings of censorship 6 
Snuffed candle 16 

Leading article 17 

was rejected and the regula- 
tions had to be applied to all 
the media’*. 

Mr Botha’s disclosure cor- 
roborates other evidence that 
the Government's particular 
target is the so-called “alter- 
native press". 

The Sew Sation, which Mr 
Botha described as dangerous 
in a meeting a few weeks ago 
with Catholic Church leaders, 
and The Weekly Mail, a 
crusading anti-apartheid pa- 
per which was started by 
journalists made redundant 
when the loss-making Rand 
Daily Mail was closed by its 
owners last year, are leaning 
lights of the alternative press. 

In what seemed to be a 
thinly veiled warning of pos- 
sible military retaliationn 
against neighbouring slates. 
Mr Botha said there was 
"irrefutable intelligence that 
units of murderers inside our 
country are controlled by the 
structures (of foe ANO” out- 
side South Africa's borders. 

He further disclosed that 
the security force action had 
been aimed not only at the 
ANC, but also at “those who 
allow themselves and their 
organizations - especially the 
UDF (United Democratic 
Front) — to be misused and 
misguided by the forces of 

© BERN, Switzerland — Two 
Swiss citizens abducted in 
Swaziland (report, page 6 ) are 
being held in neighbouring 
South Africa, a Swiss foreign 
ministry spokesman, Mr Mi- 
chel Pache, confirmed yes- 
terday <AP reports). 

Soviet airliner crashes 

East Berlin (Reuter, AP) — 
A Soviet airliner crashed as it 
was about 10 land at East 
Berlin’s Schoenefeld airport 
yesterday and East German 
television said 10 survivors 
had been found so far by 
rescue teams. 

The main television news 
bulletin reported that the 
plane, described by the official 
ADN news agency as an 
Aeroflot TU-134. was on a 
flight from Minsk to the East 

German capital with 73 pas- 
sengers and nine crew. 

The television report said it 
was not yet known how many 
people died in the crash but 
rescue work was continuing. 

East Germany’s official 
ADN news agency said fire 
trucks and emergency vehicles 
were at the scene of foe crash. 

ADN said a special com- 
mission under the leadership 
of Herr Otto Arndt, foe Trans- 
port Minister, had been 
formed, but gave no details. 

rawivir. i\r.w;> 

1 nr l ■ ivif-i Jfii Ui\yn jl 

Public spending 
boost for Ulster 

Chamberlain diary ban now a ‘request 

By Paul Vallely 

The Government is to spend extra rash on education, 
health and job-promotion s chem es as part of increased 
public expenditure plans for Northern I reland. 

The detailed spending proposals announced yesterday 
by Mr Tom King, Secretory of State tor Northern Ireland, 
re-emphasized the Government's f nnra iih w n f to security, 
which is to get an extra £40 million a year until 1990, and 
the dependence of die province on the exchequer in 

Pablk spending win rise fiom £4^30 million this year to 
£5,140 million in 1989-90, of which about £L4 minion is a 
direct subvention from the exchequer. 

Education is to receive an extra £55 million next year and 
health a £50 million increase, while the Government hopes 
the additional cash being spent on capital projects will cre- 
ate hundreds more jobs ia the construction industry, which 
has been particularly hard hit by threats from toe 
Provisional ISA to those working for the security forces. 

The door of the heavy 
fireproof safe which holds 
Neville Chamberlain's un- 
published diaries on the 
abdication of King Edward 
VITI may well be firmly dosed 
but, it now transpires, it is not 

exactly locked. 

While historians and MPs 

Birmingham University, 
which was given the diaries in 
1 974 bv Chamberlain's daugh- 
ter, Mrs Dorothy Lloyd, in 
compliance with the will of the 
politicals widow, had in- 
tended to publish them next 
month, 50 years after the 
abdication crisis. But then, as 

James, describing the pro- 
hibition as “extraordinary" 
and complaining: “It strikes 
me as a rather worrying 
extension of the official rules 
if they com private diaries 
and private letters”. 

1967 empowers the Lord 
Chancellor to extend t he pe- 
riod of restriction on certain 
documents, according to the 
Public Record Office. In the 
case of “papers relating to the 
private affairs of the Royal 

University of Birmingham, to 
the news that he was berag 
requested rather, thmi in- 
structed was ambivalent, h 
doesn't seem much of a 
distinction. If we publish it we 
run the risk of breaking an 
undertaking and that would 

QE2 crew 
accept cut 

in pay by 
big vote 

By Tim Jones 

continued yesterday to ex- 
press indignation over the 
attempt by Sir Robert Arm- 
strong. the Cabinet Secretary, 
to block publication of the 
documents, the Government 
issued a statement which 
claimed that there was no 
instruction but only a request 
that the diaries should not be 

reported in The Times yes- statement which began: “The distress” that extension was pnvaie huu ‘ - t js merchant flat, nae oni .«= 

terday, it was informed by the holders of private papers of normally for 100 years, a a i derision.” be a big rebuff 10 *Jj e . 

Cabinet Office that the docu- certain people who as min- spokesman said. not my personal Union of Seamen by Ottng 

Cabinet Office that the docu- 
ments were covered by a 100- 
year secrecy rule. 

The protests which followed 
came from across the House, 
with Mr David Alton, the 
Liberal MP, tabling two ques- 
tions and the historian and 
Conservative MP for Cam- 
bridge, Mr Robert Rhodes 

not my 

isters at the time were closely Other records which must said. ihal 

in vnlwH in evpntfi J Pa dins UD remain novate for 100 VeaiS MfS Lloyd pTOflOimCKi 

involved in events leading up remain private for 100 years ,«*i hv the 

to the abdication have been include details ofihe dicenmal she^ratherf^jjf 6 ^!/. 

asked not to release such of census. National Health Ser- whole affiur- Jf Uf ft 10 be 
i— — the rtffice is haoDY tor it to oe 

Two help 

Two men were being 
questioned by the Garda 
yesterday after security 
forces in the Republic of 
Ireland uncovered an exp- 
losives and bomb-making 
factory dose to the border. 

Police raided a house 
near BaOyhaise, in Co 
Cavan, early on Thursday 
morning and discovered 
several hundredweight of 
explosives, three beer kegs 
and three toning devices. 
Yesterday Gardai were 
describing the discovery as 
a major explosives haul. 

After the raid two men 
were taken for questioning 
to Monaghan police sta- 

case valid 

The Bank of Ireland 
yesterday failed in its at- 
tempt to withdraw from the 
High Court action by toe 
National Union of Mine- 
workers which wants to 
recover £Uj nriQion lost 
when foods woe trans- 
ferred abroad to escape 
seizure by the courts. 

The bank had tried to 
claim toe onion's case was 
“legal nonsense” and 
shook) be dismissed. 

But Mr Justice Whitford 
said he was not satisfied 
that toe NUM had no 
possibility of success. 

The bank was given 
leave to appeal 

Lords aim to 
defy Baker 
on teachers’ 
pay body 

uiLuuy ^ . ine iojwusc uj 7 7 .v i< „^n w. * 

The Public Records Act thony Nichols, librarian at the you what the result win oe. 



of passing 

By Martin Fletcher 

Political Reporter 

By Sheila Gann 
Political Staff 

cent interval between each 
stage and not try to speed up 


The House of Lords is its progress — which would 
expected to insist that the antagonize peers further. 

Train drivers plea 

As lef, toe train drivers' onion, appealed to Mr Douglas 
Hurd, toe Home Secretary, yesterday to persuade toe 
Government to compensate members who suffer mental 
pain and distress from witnessing rail track smrides. 

Mr Ray Bnckton, the union's general secretary, said 
there are 400 rail deaths a years and some drivers are un- 
able to work again. He wants the C riminal Injuries 
Compensation provision of the Criminal Justice BQI 
amended. Earlier this year toe Court of Appeal ruled that 
train drivers were not eligible for compensation. 

Mr Bnckton said yesterday: ”7116 effects of a smdde on 
the track can be shattering for a driver, particularly if he 
bas experienced more than one incident". 



John Arlott the cricket 
writer and broadcaster, was 
recovering at home yes- 
terday after an operation 
for cancer of the abdomen. 

Mr Arlott, aged 72, had 
the operation at the Rad- 
cliffe Infirmary, Oxford. 

From his home on Alder- 
ney in the Channel Islands, 
he said: “Fm perfectly fit I 
am working and walking 

He added that be was 
busy writing his 

Detective charged 

Detective Constable Kenneth Harold White, of toe 
Metropolitan Police, allegedly involved in a homosexual 
ring, has been charged under the Official Secrets Act after 
an investigation into claims of “hacking” info the police na- 
tional computer. Sir Michael Havers, Attorney General, 
told the Commons yesterday. Michael Edward Taylor, 
aged 27, from Warsash, near Southampton, has also been 

proposed new teachers’ pay 
body be independent of the 
Government which would 
wreck a central dement in Mr 
Kenneth Baker's campaign to 
impose a settlement in the 
long-running pay dispute. 

This will Trad to a head-on 
collision in February between 
the Secretary of State for 
Education, who is determined 
to repel all attempts to weaken 
his power. 

There is sympathy among 
peers with the aim of abolish- 
ing the Burnham committee 
for negotiating teachers’ pay. 
But unless the committee is 
independent of government, 
many fear there will be in- 
creased bitterness between 
teachers, education auth- 
orities and Mr Baker to the 
detriment of schools and, 
particularly, the children. 

The strong local democracy 
lobby, which has threatened 
the Government's other local 
government Bills in recent 
yean, is campaigning vig- 
orously in the Lords where a 
combination of Labour, Alli- 
ance and independent peers 
can defeat the Conservative 
whip of 400. 

Conservative and indepen- 
dent peers are also worried 
that the Bio would give a 
future a left-wing Labour 
government the right to im- 
pose “loony ideas” on schools. 

Lord Alexander of 
Potterhin, an influential in- 
dependent and a former 
Burnham Committee mem- 
ber, compared such a threat 
with schools in Germany in 
the early 1930s, when children 
were ordered to shout Heil 

Mr Baker is well aware that 
the fate of his Bill lies in the 
hands of the Lords. Govern- 
ment sources disclosed yes- 

Peers are unlikely to try to 
defeat the entire measure, 
which empowers Mr Baker to 
impose a settlement. They are 
not expected to insist on a 
vote at the second reading. 

The Bill was given its first 
formal reading m the Lords 
immediately after it finished 
in the Commons on Thursday 
evening. The timetable is for a 
second reading on January 12, 
the first day back after the 
Christmas recess, with the 
detailed committee stage on 
January 26/27. From that the 
timing depends on any 
amendments, which would 
have to go back to the 

The Government is des- 
perate to have toe Bill on toe 
statute book as soon as pos- 

The Ministry of Defence 
was accused yesterday of 
handing important technical 
information to the Soviet 
Union through its handling of 
a £22 0 million contract for 
battlefield ammunition 
transporters known as 

At toe same time it was 
claimed in toe Commons that 
Lord Trefgarne, Minister of 
State for Defence Procure- 
ment, had “a very serious case 
to answer” over toe selection 
process for the contract and a 
British firm called Boughtons. 

' ^ ^ 

sible, but it is unlikely to be 
through the Lords before the 

through the Lords before the 
end of February. 

Lord Alexander said toe BiD 
only intensified party politics 
in education when the reverse 
was needed.” Mr Baker is seek- 
ing a short-term sedation to 
this problem and I do not 
think he has realised the 
dangers of what he is doing — 
apart from destroying toe 
partnership in education 
which has existed for 100 
years. j 

He would press for an 
independent body to decide 
teachers' pay, similar to those 
for toe police and medical 

Lord McIntosh of Haringey, 
Labour’s education spokes- 
man, said his party’s tactics 
would not be to filibuster or 
introduce hundreds of amend- 
ments — as done in toe 
Commons-“It is more likely 
that we will pul enough con- 
straints on the Secretary of 
State that he does not think it 
is worth carrying on with his 

Letters, page 17 

terday that they will follow the 
convention of allowing a de- 

S peaking in a debate on 
defence projects and exports, 
Mr Paddy Ashdown, the 
Liberal trade and industry 
s pokesman, raised the allega- 
tion that Boughtons’ pioneer- 
ing design for DROPS had 
been passed by the MoD to the 
companies that were even- 
tually awarded the contract 
One of those companies was 

i „••• \rsy-, ' ; Multifift, which he revealed 

A 9 It ' was owned by a Finnish 

iHitet. £ company called Partek which, 
& | ^ m tum ’ supple very similiar 

P * | 9 lir * IK hydraulic equipment to toe 

’Sw®* ■■ JR : Soviet state truck manufac- 

H . . mmam Jam turer Kama, 

ft;, m ‘ wR » ’^9 Mr Kevin McNamara, a 

tgttfii' jflL Labour defence spokesman, 

jij9?;.:A99' ^9 V demanded foil answers to 

allegations that a Conser- 
J9L^^' fit * J "votive MP, Mr Richard 
^9*^ .4 Ottaway, had been ordered 

jHPa 9 a 1 not to make a fuss about the 

9^''99BpT/-- .. ^9 exclusion of Boughtons from 

Ir w.i7. r - •' - V f??!. * the selection process. 

Jotutihui Mestel^the British chess Gcscxtassttc, consider- dtt 

recti on, 
wink of 

to shed 
450 jobs 

He was making his first moves in toe play-off with Murray very serious rey for Lord 
Chandler and Jon Speebnan, who drew cm Thursday Tregarne to answer”. 

(Photograph: Alan Weller). Parliament, page 4 

Aids in Britain 

Spread a ‘moral Chernobyl’ 



Assault on 
‘loony left’ 
is renewed 


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e 695 



“^is«e 1 , 9 S 0 

; ca S« 5 ,995 

By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 
Mr Norman Tebbit, the 
Conservative Party chairman, 
yesterday stepped up his 
party’s onslaught on toe 
“loony left” by releasing a 
dossier on toe “excesses” of 14 
Labour councils. 

He coupled it with a letter to 
Tory activists insisting there is 
no truth in Labour assertions 
that the “cra2y campaigns of 
left-wing councils represent 
toe work of a tiny minority”. 

Mr Tebbit added: “The left- 
wing politicians are Labour in 
power. Messrs Kinnock, 
Hattersley. and Cunningham 
are just Labour in opposition. 

“The future of toe Labour 
Party lies with the left. A 
parliamentary majority for toe 
Labour Party would give these 
people and their friends a 
crucial role in any Labour 

Mr Tebbit’s letter names 
Manchester, Bristol Harin- 
gey, Ealing, Southwark. Brent, 
Islington, Camden, Lambeth, 
Hackney, Newham, Sheffield, 
Derbyshire and Edinburgh as 
areas w here t he “loony left” 
reigns supreme. 

The dossier lists countless 
allegsd abuses of power 
including promoting homo- 
sexuality in schools, flying the 
Swapo flag over toe town hall 
and abolishing the office of 

The spread of Aids is like a 
“moral Chernobyl” and toe 
promotion of condoms is “a 
counsel of despair”. Cardinal 
Basil Hume, leader of Brit- 
ain's Roman Catholics, has 

He criticized aspects of toe 
Government's public educa- 
tion campaign on Aids which 
encourage the use of condoms. 
It was dangerous to suggest to 
young people that toe condom 
was 100 per cent safe, he said. 

In a interview to be broad- 
cast today, on toe Channel 4 
programme Seven Days, Card- 
inal Hume said topf any 
campaign which does not take 
into account that sexuality 
belongs exclusively to mar- 
riage is, in the long term, not 
serving the best interests of 
society and of future gener- 

The only answer to toe Aids 
, epidemic was a “profound 
i change” in social and moral 
behaviour. A good Catholic's 
concern, be said, should be to 
prevent toe immediate spread 
of Aids, , and prevent contra- 
ception at toe same tone. 

“It can only be both by self- 
denial Tt is going to be hard 
but that's the only way to get 
things right”, he said. 

Cardinal Hume, who is also 
Archbishop of Westminster, 
said: “If we try to over- 
emphasize the short-term 
solutions, then we are ready 
going to sell people short. We 
have to change people’s 

There was no question of 
toe Catholic church giving 
“tacit acceptance” to the use 
of contraception in toe 
prevention of spreading toe 
disease, he said. 

He added: “It is a strange 
irony of fate that fear is going 
to be a more demanding 
teacher than we have been 
from our pulpits”. 

Mr Norman Fowler, toe 
Secretary of State for Social 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

.like a Services, has said that he tional Sports 
id toe would be willing to discuss foe Cardiff 

Services, has said that he 
would be willing to discuss foe 
issues with Cardinal Hume. 

Mr Fowler will discuss the 
Government’s record on Aids 
prevention tomorrow in toe 
BBCl programme This Week 
Next Week, along with Mr 
Roy Hattersley and Mr Roy 

• An Aids sufferer aged 39 
has been banned from using a 
swimming pooL The Sports 
Council for Wales says a ban 
on those with Aids will remain 
until it receives medical ad- 
vice from toe Welsh Office. 

The ban has been imposed 
at pools at Plas : Meoai, 


Yesterday toe Aids patient, 
who lives near Criccieth in 
Gwynedd, and who asked not 
to be named, said he would 
fight the ban, and added: *Tm 
told it is clinically impossible 
to pick up the virus from the 

By Ronald Faux 
Employment Affairs 

British Telecom is to shed 
more than 450 jobs at plants 
in Birmingham, London and 
Edinburgh. The job losses, 
announced a day after toe 
company revealed half-year 
profits of more than £1.000 
million, are within the 
Telecom subsidiary Fulcrum 

More than 300 jobs will be 
lost at Bondesley Green. Bir- 
mingham, and 1 50 at plants in 

London and Edinburgh. Hie 
losses are part of a shift within 
Telecom towards high tech- 
nology and more flexible man- 

Fulcrum Communications 
carries out repairs, mainte- 
nance and tests, largely on toe 
old electro-mechanical equip- 
ment. “The company was due 
for rationalization and toe 
losses will all be covered by 
relocation, redeployment or 
voluntary early retirement 
There will be no enforced 
redundancies.” Telecom said. 

It added that it had re- 
cruited 10,000 new workers in 
toe past three years, but had 
shed 15,000 jobs over the 
same period, largely because 
of new high technology sys- 

• Danepak, the largest packer 
of bacon in the country, 
yesterday announced that its 
factory at Selby. North York- 
shire, will dose on January 1, 
with toe loss of 247 jobs. 

The company will con- 
centrate operations at its plant 
in Thetford, Norfolk, where 
1 70 new jobs will be created. 

• Seven farmworkers and 
three foresters at the Hirsel 
Estate at Coldstream, 
Berwickshire, the home of 
Lord Horae of the Hirsel toe 
former Prime Minister, are to 
be made redundant next year. 

A spokesman for toe estate 
said the job losses were a 
result of the present financial 
climate in agriculture, 

• Middlesex County Press is 
to dose its Uxbridge printing 
plant with toe loss of 198 jobs, 
next March. 

Caernarvon, and at the Na- armed robbery. 

• Derek Cummins, aged 23, 
from Cnunlin, Dublin, who 
was given compassionate re- 
lease from Mountjoy prison, 
Dublin, after he contracted 
Aids, died yesterday. He had 
been serving a five-year sen- 
tence imposed this year for 

Anderton’s job at risk 
from Aids outburst 

Continued from page 1 

made to end the enmity which 
had previously existed. 

“Yet in a matter of minutes 
Mr Anderton seems to have 
demolished ail toe bridges 
which have so painstakingly 
been built between the police 
and the authority during the 
past few months. 

“If it is agreed that what be 
said at toe seminar went 
beyond the pale then some 
sort of censure is certain to 
follow, but what form it will 
lake will depend entirely upon 
what legal options are open to 

Mr Anderton sat in his 
lOib-floor suite in Greater 
Manchester police headquar- 
ters yesterday refusing to ei- 
ther elaborate on his speech — 
or withdraw its contents. 

A senior officer said the 
chief constable bad been 
heartened by toe hundreds of 
telephone calls which poured 
into police headquarters 
throughout toe day supporting 
his stand. 

Mr Anderton, a former 

methodist lay-preacher now 
undergoing conversion to 
Catholicism, had told his 
stunned seminar audience 
that he was speaking as a 
husband, father and lover of 
the human race who cared 
about future generations of yet 
unborn children. 

Government ministers yes- 
terday repudiated the moral 
crusade against Aids ad- 
vocated by Mr Anderton. 

They insisted that public 
policy had to be directed 
towards warning people of the 
practical steps they should 
take to protect themselves 

Mr Tony Newton, Minister 
of Slate for Health, underlined 
tire Government’s pragmatic 
approach to combatting the 


Asked on BBC Radio4 ifhe 

shared Mr Anderton 's diagno- 
sis, he said: “I would not wish 

to put a position of that kind 
in those terms. We have made 
it very dear that people who 
sleep around in a promiscuous 

way are running very great 

ONE DAT ONLY. SUNDAY 1 4th DEC 9am to 6 pm. 


Chelsea , sloane St. . London SW1 . 

Cash for under fives ‘will not prevent closures’ 

By Jill Shaman 

fiS saga mink - saca fox i 

'W V 9 / aaft tfi tWTgjf Aao aaq» 


New government funding 
for toe under fives came under 
attack yesterday from 
children’s organizations, who 
dismissed it as a short-term, 
emergency measure. 

In a parliamentary written 
answer, Mr Antony Newton, 
Minister for Health, an- 
nounced a further £550,000 to 

< Lane, Leeds 1. Telephone 0532 452479 // flag ESaZZfjff& 

help play groups, toy libraries 
and day nurseries when their 


and day nurseries when their 
funding inns out next April 
The groups, which have 

been financed through the 
Under Fives Initiative set up 
by the Government in 1983, 
are run by voluntary 
children's organizations. 

The aim of the three-year 
scheme was to increase day 
care services for young chil- 
dren from families with spe- 
cial needs, such as low- 
income, one-parent and ethnic 
minority families. 

Mr Newton announced a 
£400,000 tapering scheme to 
give local authorities or other 
local bodies time to take on 

toe financial responsibility. A 
second scheme of £150,000 is 
to enable selected national 
voluntary bodies to give small 
grants to local groups. 

“It is to be hoped that by 
making these arrangements all 
toe projects started with Ini- 
tiative money wffl be secure 

many oftoeseschemes having 
to close. 

“Local authorities do not 
have the money to take on the 

funding. This is just another 
example of short-term central 
funding where the Govern- 
ment expects the local author- 
ity to pick up toe tab. 

“Yet again it avoids tackling 

Terrorists kill 
lorry driver 

A father of three was killed 
yesterday by mistake when a 
bomb exploded in toe cab of a 
lorry at toe Killen creamery 
near Castledeig, Co Tyrone, 
near the border with the Into 


The target was the lorry’s 
usualdnver, a part-time pol- 
ice officer. Mr Desmond Cald- 
well who was in his early 
forties, was driving the vehicle 
because of a heavy workload 
rathe creamery. 

after central government , r "avoiffimcktiug 
money comes to an end,” Mr 

Newton said. improving cae for toe trader 

_ , fives," Mr Ashley Wyatt, head 

The National Children s Qf fljg child and family unit of 
Home said toat toe new lbc Sational Children’s 
money would fail to prevent said. 

i? | ^ , 

^ I J 

r l 

Crew members on the QE2, 
xury flagship of Bn lain 5 
prchant fleet, have delivered 

Union of Seamen Dy »uuus 
overwhelmingly to accept a 

votes to 47, the hotel 
and catering staff on the 

foe Falklands campaign com- 
petitive in foe cut-throat lux- 
ury cruise markeL 

Against sustained opposi- 
tion from the union, ana 
threats that toe liner would be 
unable to leave port and 
stranded as a "rust bucket , 
the crew members have de- 
cided to accept toe company 
plan which involves contract- 
ing toe catering services to a 
Miami-based company. 

Before the secret ballot, Mr 
Sam McOuskie, union gen- 
eral secretary, said: “I don’t 
give a damn' if Cunard gets a 
massive majority in their bal- 
lot — I will mobilize toe sup- 
port of toe entire union and 
make toe QE2 a rust bucket 
nn)g« she qils with our hold 

and catering crew” 

At present, the liner is 
undergoing a £20 million refit 
at Bremerfaaven, West Ger- 
many, estimated to extend her 
operational life by 20 years, 
and will not return to 
Southampton until April. 

Although toe liner has 
about her an inevitable cachet, 
she operates on the Britain to 
New York route as a super 
I transatlantic passenger ferry 
for only a third of her working 

For toe rest of her time, she 
is involved in the luxury 
cruise market where toe com- 
petition is fierce and where 
profit margins are becoming 
increasingly slim. 

A spokesman for Cunard 
said yesterday toat employees 
accepting the deal would be 
entitled to redundancy pay- 
ments ranging from £1,200 to 
£20,000 and would then be 
eligible for employment with 
toe new contract company. 

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> I f 1 * , . • - 

Public inquiry into 
Derbyshire sinking 
ordered by minister 

By Rodney Cowton, Transport Correspondent 

T 1 *™ - 5 roke up on ihe coast of Co Mr Michael Suieer. Minister 


u 9 ^ 



iSi! Ti 

• x 

port yesterday ordered a pub- 
lic inquiry io be held into the 
loss of the bulk carrier Derby- 
shire, in which 44 people died. 

It comes less than a month 
after the department refused 
requests for an inquiry, but 
since then the Kowloon 
Bridge, the 169,000 tonnes 
deadweight sister ship of the 
Derbyshire, has been lost off 
the coast of Ireland. This has 
increased fears that the ships 
could have had a common 
fault, and has greatly re- 
inforced pressure for an 

The Derbyshire disap- 
peared in a typhoon in the 
Pacific on September 9. 1980, 
with the loss of all hands, and 
without any distress cignnic 
being heard or any wreckage 

The Derbyshire was built in 
1976, one of six sister ships 
constructed by Swan Hunter 

Three weeks ago the Kow- 
loon Bridge put into Bamry 
Bay, on the west coast of 
Ireland, having suffered dam- 
age while crossing the At- 
lantic. A few days later, while 
continuing her voyage to Glas- 
gow, the crew had to be lifted 
off by helicopter, and she 

oroke up on the coast of Co Mr Michael Spicer, Minister 
i j Lloyd’s of for Shipping, said in the 

London disclosed that efforts Commons yesterday that a 
to salvage fuel from the Kow- report received from an 
loon Bridge had been dis- inspector on the damage and 
continued. subsequent loss of the Kow- 

_ Relatives of the men who loon Bridge contained details i 

Arrest of 
couple was 
judge rules 

A couple who sued the 
police for wrongful arrest dur- 
ing a murder inquiry in which 
their son was a suspect, have 
won their High Court action. 

with win 

A canon from Nottingham- 


Mrs Sarah Holtham, aged store **s the three 

45, and her husband, William, winners who snared 
aged 49, of Upper Francis yesterdays £4,000 PortfoBo 
Street, Abertridur, near Caer- G®W prize. . , 

philly. Mid Glamorgan, da- Canon Ralph Wheutaa, of 
hned damages against the Jb® Vlc *KS e *-, 

lost their lives on the Derby- of cracks and distortions in 
shrre have been pressing for a the deck and hatch qwn*»pB <, 
public inquiry for years. and of other damage sustained 
„ M r Sammut, of during the voyage across the 

South Shields, Tyne and Atlantic. 'j 

Wear, who lost two relatives But it concluded that there 
m the Derbyshire, said that he was no etfdenc* of design 
was “very relieved” there was defects or of structural feilurei 
to be an inquiry. He hoped of the kind which had been- 
that it would find out all suggested might have been the 
information relevant to the cause of the loss 
sinking, and “put our minds “However, I recognize that 

Metropolitan Police and Det 
Chief losp Derek Croft. 

Worksop, said Ms £1*333 win 
would “probably be put away 

After listening to legal sub- fw ;5w®r? 

missions yesieraay, Mr J ustice worked at BJytn for five years. 
Pain told the jury that they previously been based 

had no power to try the issue Leicestershire, 
of whether the couple had Canon Wkeaton, aged 54, 
been lawfully or unlawfully shared yesterday s Pn»wrth 
arrested It was a matter he M» Oare Bmge^of Alfairyj 
had to decide and he ruled w T nn^Hextfordshne, and 
that the police had acted Mr John Chrystal, of Wands- 

to rest, and help my wife, 

“However, I recognize that 
more than one interpretation 


On Monday, the judge will 

worth, south London. 

Mr Chrystal, aged 74, a 

Betty, and I to return to some of these findings may be 
kind of normality after aO possible. 2 also recognize the 

these years of anxiety". 

Mr Neil Rapley, a London 
banker, whose brother died in 
the Derbyshire, said: “We are 
absolutely delighted It has 
been a long and hard 

Mr Martin Sutton, a solic- 
itor acting for 17 of the 
bereaved families, said an 
inquiry would be welcomed 
by all the familii^ He thought 

subsequent loss of one of her 
sister ships has increased pub- 1 
lie concern about the loss of ! 
the Derbyshire,” Mr Spicer ; 

Lord Hailsham of St 
Marylebone. the Lord Chan- 
cellor, will appoint a commis- 
sioner of wrecks, who will 
probably be a Queen's Coun- 
sel from the Admiralty Di- 
vision of the High Court, to 

there were a lot of aspects of conduct the inquiry. 

die matter which would come 
into the opm. 

Announcing the decision. 

The 91,655-ton bulk carrier Derbyshire, formerly Liverpool 
Bridge, lost with all hands off Japan six years ago. 

Cold night saved 
doctor from death 

A freezing cold night may diminish she 
have helped to save a doctor’s gether with 
life after her throat was slit in helped her — 
an alleged murder attempt, the had been left 1 
Central CriminaL Court was night , she wot 
told yesterday. - Mr Ratnesar s 

Dr Madhu Baksh was found He was givi 

in bushes at Keston Ponds, the fourth day 
Kent, last January — her neck John Baksh, o 
slashed open so that her voice- Bromley, soul 
box showed who denies ch 

Her husband. Dr John and attempted 
Baksh, is accused of attempt- The prosecu 

ing to murder her and also of that he gave 
m ordering his first wife, Ruby, massive drug 
Mrs Baksh “miraculously” New Year’s E 
survived the jury has been on holiday 
told. persuaded a S] 

“The cold diminished the certify that sh 
effect of her wound”, Mr a heart attack, 
Padmanathan Ratnesar, the be free to man 
surgeon who operated on her Madhu. 
later, said.. Then, three 

He explained that because faced with b 
Mrs Baksh was suffering from allegedly atlen 
hypothermia when she was Madhu, expe 
found by a passer-by, the rate from life insuz 
she was losing blood was - Mr Ratne 
slowed down. Baksh’s throai 

She had also been drugged side-to-side. . 
with morphine “which helped The trial conti 

Gambler who Two cl 
took hostage over I 

sent to jail Mat 

A compulsive gambler who 
took a woman customer bos- 

W* *™V « 

was jailed for tive years 

yesterday. __ xddcst at Hi 

Paul Clawson, aged 25, jjg". 
unemployed, of no fixedad- 
dress, admitted robbing- JEWESS 
Barclays Bank m Oxford 

£1,160 in March, rie aiso bom! 4 ft 

admitted having an lumtatton 
firearm with intent to commit 

a robbery. . honestly fasrf 

Mr William Boyce, for the 

SSbed ti °M« Martha *Ma" whose adtfress 

afflAlld" ssisa 

h °H?fushed the revolver into charged at I 
her side and ordered a cashier P®J* ce st * tM 
to fill a bag with money. You Her hustnui 
have 10 swonds before I pull by US Immign 
the trigger", he told her. ralizttion Sem 

Oawson fled, bul was 
chased by Mr Alex Brooker, 
aged 34 . a surveyor, and 

another customer. 

At one point, Dawson |1 a|« 

tamed and threatened Mr 
Brooker who remained un MT 

deterred and continued the More peopft 

chare until Clawson got into a fore are taki 

mi'. prosecutions. 

Mr Brooker, who half o 

the West End- »"«J3 Theose of 

£50 by Mr Recorder L^rd ^ 

Hooson, QC for cj 18 ® Chelmsford Ci 

gunman and noting fo being accused 

number of the taxi. prosecution of 

Mr Boyce said Clawson was aged eight is ja 
arrested the same evening « growte trend, 

u/hite Hermitage Hotel, ftbnury 

diminish shock. Acting to- 
gether with tire cold, they 
helped her — although if she 

A preliminary investigation 
carried out in 1980 for the 
Department of Transport was 
unable to reach a conclusion 
on the cause of the loss of the 
Derbyshire, but offered as 
possible explanations for the 
loss of the ship explosion, a 
shift of the cargo, or damage to 
the hull or hatch covers by a 
large wave or the hitting of a 
submerged object. 

A further report was pub- 
lished in March this year by 
the Department of Transport 
It again failed to reach a firm 
conclusion because of the lack 
of evidence, but said: “The 
fed no distress si gnals 
were received might be 
thought to support the explan- 
ation that massive structural 
failure was the cause of the 
loss of the Derbyshire. 

Risk for 
who stop 

People who give up smok- 

direcl lhe jury on com pen- widower, said: I never ex- 
satory damages and they will P®vted to ra whm he taunt 
retire to assess the amount of his success. He saw fie 

Mr and Mrs Holtham were Panned to draw np ^ long hst 
arrested at their home in °» things I want, because 1 
November 1980 by police have no idea ar the moment . 
investigating the murder of a Mr Chrystal, who worked in a 
homosexual in London, in patents office before be re- 
which their son, Gareth, was a fired, has beep a regular 
suspect reader of The Times for more 

They were questioned in than 20 years, 
custody in London for four Readers who wish to play 
days, but not charaed. the game can obtain a Port- 

Police believed the couple folio Gold card by sending a 
had been instrumental in the stamped addressed envelope 
disposal or destruction of 
stolen stereo equipment, a Portfolio Gold, 
vital due in the murder of Tke Tunes, 

Anthony Bird in June 1980. TO 40, 

The couple denied that any Bfeckborn, 

stereo equipment had come BB16AJ. 

into their house or that their 
son had been at home at the 
time claimed. 

The police denied Mr and 
Mrs Holtham’s claim that 
they were not cautioned .or 
told they were being arrested 
or why they were being ar- 
rested. They said they had 
reasonable grounds for taking 
the couple into custody and 
acted lawfully. 

S '” ' ■ 

Officer cadets from the Women’s Royal Army Corps marching in the Sovereign's Parade at 
Sandhurst yesterday. The parade of 600 cadets was reviewed by General Sir Roland Guy, 
representing the Queen, on his last day in the Army (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

C laims against dismissal 

The Times ; 
PO Box 40, 
BB1 6 AJ. 

Executives’ threat to firms of rancer aid 

By Ronald Faux, Employment Affairs Correspondent 

had been left longer there that ing stULrun a considerable risk 
night , she would have died,” of suffering a heart attack, ! 
Mr Ratnesar said. . .... doctors said yesterday. 

He was giving evidence on Men who stop smoking for 

the fourth day of the trial ofDr more than five years run twice 
John Baksh, of Biddey Road, the risk of men who have 
Bromley, south-east London, never smoked, they said. 

who denies charges of murder 
and attempted murder. I 
The prosecution has alleged 
that he gave his first wife a| 
massive drugs overdose on 
New Year’s Day, 1983, while 

on holiday in Spain and a study of 7,735 middle-aged 
persuaded a Spanish doctor to men in 24 towns, who took 
certify that she had died from part in the British Regional 
a heart attack, so that he could Heart Study daring the past 
be free to many his new lover, six years. 

Then, three years later when while cigarette smokers had a 
faced with heavy debts, he threefold risk of a heart attack, 
allegedly attempted to murder former smokers had a twofold 
Madhu, expecting £215,000 risk compared with men who 
from life insurance policies. have never smoked. 

. Mr Ratnesar said Mrs Until now it was generally 

from life insurance policies. have never smoked. 

. Mr Ratnesar said Mrs Until now it was generally 
Baksh's throat was slit from thought that stopping smok- 
side-to-side. ing : -quickly reduced the 

The trial continues next week, chance of a heart attack. 1 

Two charged 
over B rinks 
Mat theft 

Mrs Lesley Fleming, whose vents tne accumulation oi 
husband John is wanted by more smoking years and 
Scotland Yard for questioning hence a still higher risk ot a 

Companies who dismiss 

Pam executives for fair or unfair 

JkliSli. lUi reasons are under pressure to 
. make large OBt-of-court settie- 

ctfflfi If £h|*£' meats for fear the aggrieved 

9 employee discloses industrial 

I j secrets at an industrial tri- 

who stop TU^, ^ aroMs a 

People who give up smok- ^rmg avoids publicity be- 

ing stilLrun a considerable risk cause borings are open the 
of suffering a heart attack, P"^ ” ^ reas a cpncRfated 
doctors said yesterday. setflemaat between the parties. 

Men who stop smoking for * s 5?’ 
more than five years run twice ^ 

the risk of men who have “J ^ *“£ 
never smoked, they said. " ahB, ' 5 ** "“JSLSSS 

And for those who give up jkJlSS 

for more than 20 years, some i 

increased risk remains— Otfeers are known to teve 
particularly among former u®®riy reached seven figures, 
heavy smokers. takmR into account cash, pen- 

The findings were based on " 

a study of 7,735 middle^ged I) nnnttyiAg 
men in 24 towns, who took jnLvMLrVl IC-S 
part in the British Regional - Ail/ 

Hearttody daring fte p,, ||p by 14% 

The survey showed that • , TyvrtiM 

while cagarette smokers had a 111 O VftHr 

threefold risk of a heart attack, ** J ** 

former smoto^ tod a twofold By Peter Erans 

b'ijtatifnow^? was generally Correspondent 

thought that stopping smok- Robberies increased by 14 
ing ’quickly reduced the per cent in England and Wales 
chance of a heart attack. in the 12 months up to 

But the latest study, re- September, compared with 
ported in The Lancet, found the corresponding previous 
that “the benefit of giving up year. They rose from 26,400 to 
cigarette smoking is more 30,000, according to the Home 
gradual and less than is widely Office Statistical Bulletin. 
accepted. There was an overall 6 per 

“However, giving up pre- cent rise in crime recorded by 
vents the accumulation of police, disclosing an in- 
more smoking years and exorabte increase. The figure 

The survey showed that 

skm rights and other benefits, inside knowledge of a com- 
Ap pearing before a public pany could be of me in this 
tribunal limits compensation way.” 
re £8,000 pins statutory redira- Hutchinson. 

Sibrv <> wdn!flownhu^ principal research executive of 
sal ary - well b cto w »to can the I ns titnteotDireclore.s 1 nd 
he nep mated pnrately . Ares ^okukc value" oT a 
refase d to gne a ny dy te h^ng ^ we U 

ahoat the fig settlam otf «o mdcretood incases where 
bre ach U mjDmn and there is was cUimed. 

no direct evidence to surest 

that any p«r*vmi*r executive “The reason why tins case 
was threatening a tribunal was so high was probably 
bearing merely to put pressure because the pension entitie- 
on a company. meat was included which 

The Confederation of Brit- throws in the capital value of 
ish Industry said it snspected several years income.** He said 
that the threat of arbitration that the Acas roate to a golden 
could be a factor in some handshake might also be more 
compensation chums. “People popular because the legal costs 
are well aware of their rigMs of settling there were much 
to go to arbitration and where less than a aril court. 

Landowners seek 
greater planting 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 
A long-term national for- policy must stand up in its 

ing : -quicklv reduced the: 
dunce of a heart attack. 1 
But the latest study, re- 
ported in The Lancet, found j 
that “the benefit of giving up ; 
cigarette smoking is more! 
gradual and less than is widely ! 
accepted. 1 

“However, giving np pro- . 

about the £26 mflKon Brinks 
Mat gold bnllion robbery, will 
appear at Horaefeny Road 
magistrates’ court in London 
today charged with dis- 
honestly handling £ 100,000 in 
proceeds from the raid. 

Another man, Mr Brian 
Perry, aged 48, of Main Rood, 
Biggin H01, Kent, win also 
appear charged with dis- 
honestly handling £6 mSSOB 

Mrs Fleming, aged 33, 
whose address has been given 
only as sooth-east London, 
was arrested on Thursday and 
charged at Rochester Row 
police station. 

Her husband has been held 
by US Immigration and Natu- 
ralization Serrire in Miami 

heart attack. 

“If this is so, it is vital to 
persuade individuals not to 
start smoking and to 
encourage young cigarette 

is almost unchanged over the 
years since 1980. 

Sexual offences rose by 7 
per cent, burglaries in dwell- 
ings by 7 per cent, and 
burglaries in other buddings 

smokers to give up as early as I increased by 2 percent There 


was a 10 per cent increase in 

“Anyone enable to give np 

should be encouraged - to cut 

down their consumption,” the se ® ^ *y.PF r cent, thefts of 

doctors, led by Professor Ger- SSSSSS^ilSSS 
aid Shaper, of the Royal Free 

Hospital in London, said. fmm 

The study, financed by the 

shops fell by 6 per cent 
Theft of all kinds is running 

Wtish Heart Foundation, at an annual total of 1,974, 900 
showed that the number of recorded offences and bur- 

years a person has' smoked - 
not the number of cigarettes 

ary at 920,200. 

ome Office Statistical Bulletin 

now being smoked — deter- (Statistical Department, Home 
mines the risk of a heart Office, Lunar House, Croydon. 


Surrey CR0 9YD; £1.50). 

estry policy is called for by the 
Country Landowners’ Associ- 
ation in a report published 

It says that Britain produces 
only 10 per cent of its needs, 
although it has some of the 
best timber-growing land in 

Only 10 per cent of Britain's 
land is under forestry, com- 
pared with an EEC average of 
22 per cent, and imports in 
1984 cost £4 billion. Yet more 
and more farmland will be 
freed for other use as technol- 
ogy advances, the report adds. 
It says that a forestry pro- 
gramme could meet an 
increasing demand for timber 
and timber products; reduce 
agricultural surpluses; offer a 
use for unwanted farmland; 
help to miii main farm in- 
comes and create rural 
employment opportunities; 
and enhance the environment. 

However lhe programme 
would have to be supported by 
political will born out of 
favourable public opinion, the 
association emphasizes. The 
European Commission has 
made it clear that it is not 
prepared to establish another 
massively dependent 

The report says: “A forestry 

own right, not just in relation 
to the problems left in the 
wake of agricultural 

“Nevertheless, there is 
scope for interlinking forestry 
and agricultural policies to 
enable a diversion of support 
funds from one land use to the 
other, to their mutual ben- 

It adds, however, that a 
radical shift in support mea- 
sures is needed if forestry is to 
provide the necessary income. 
One factor to be overcome, it 
says, is antipathy to past 
commercial forestry 

A forestry programme that 
took account of social and 
environmental objectives 
would benefit landowners and 
farmers, the rep o rt says. 

“The intensification of agri- 
culture in the interests of 
national self-sufficiency has 
tarnished the farmer's image. 
Politically ihe landowner and 
farmer have much to gain 
from a forestry programme 
that enriched the landscape, 
provided for public enjoy- 
ment and invigorated the local 

Forestry and the Landowner 
(Cbuotry Landowners' Associ- 
ation. 16 BeJgrave Square, 
London SWJX8PQ; £3). 

Private prosecutions 

The range of jobs in which 
workers receive benefit if they 
develop lung cancer as a result 
of working conditions is to be 
extended from next year. 

In a Commons written reply 
yesterday, Mr John Major, 
Minister fra- Social Security, 
said the Government was to 
extend the benefit to tin 
miners, workers exposed to 
the chemical BCME, and 
those affected by the dust of 
zinc chromate, calcium chro- 
mate and strontium chromate. 

Court clears 
catapult man 

A squirrel hunter had a 
conviction for possessing off- 
ensive weapons quashed by 
the High Court yesterday. 

It ruled that Mr Anthony 
Southwell, aged 24, of 
Southampton, had a legimate 
use for his “Black Widow” 
catapult and a I2in knife. Mr 
Southwell said he hunted 
squirrels to feed birds of prey, 
which he kept under licence. 

Man in cells 
found hanged 

A man charged with rob- 
bery was found dead, hanging 
by his jacket in police cells at 
Caerphilly, five hours after his 
arrest yesterday. 

Christopher Michael 
Bevan, aged 21, unemployed, 
of Shelley Court, Graig-y- 
Rhacca, Macben, Mid 
Glamorgan, was charged after 
a garage attendant was threat- 
ened with an axe during a raid. 

Grant saves 

An important art collection 
at Weston Park, Staffordshire, 
historic home of the Earl of 
Bradford, has been saved from 
dispersal by an injection of 
£7.5 million from the Na- 
tional Heritage Memorial 

The arrangement, announ- 
ced yesterday, is the latest of 
three deals made possible by a 
£25 million government grant. 

New presenter 

Janice Long, the Radio One 
disc jockey, takes over on 
Monday as a television pre- 
senter on BBC l's Open Air for 
three weeks until January 9. 


Canon Ralph Wheaton, sav- 
ing his win for a rainy day. 

Judges too 
says judge 

' Britain's judges were ac- 
cused yesterday of being 
pompous — by a judge. 

Judge GoodalL recently 
criticized as being “sexist”, 
told barristers ami officials at 
Plymouth Oown Court that he 
had always “tried to avoid the 
besetting sin of judges — 

He said: “We call it 

Judge GoodalL retiring af- 
ter 19 years on the bench, said 
lawyers sometimes failed to 
realize that for some people 
appearing in court was an 
ordeal and “I have tried to 
lessen that ordeal”. 

He was criticized by femi- 
nists after telling a woman 
driver recently that sbe should 
have “switched on the charm” 
when stopped by a policeman. 

father in 
path battle 

Major Ronald Ferguson, fa- 
ther of the Duchess of York, 
wants a bridle path diverted 
away from his borne in the 
village of Dummer, Hamp- 
shire, a court was told 

He woold also like the whole 
of a pathway from the village 
of Dummer to neighbouring 
Popham to be dosed to vehicu- 
lar traffic. 

Yesterday Hampshire 
County Council applied to. 
Basingstoke magistrates to lift' 
a diversion order imposed two 
years ago after research by a 
local resident discovered that 
the path was, in fact, an 
ancient highway with full 
vehicular rights. 

The application is opposed 
by several organizations and 
private individuals. 

The case continues. 

Rape case highlights a growing trend 

More people than ever be- Palfinm, so as to endanger fife. 

fore are taking out private 

prosecutions. Such actions September 1982, the Director 
were practically unheard of In of Public Prosecutions had 
the first half of this century, advised police that these was 
The case of the doctor who insufficient evidence to bring 
was yesterday cleared at charges. 

Chelmsford Crown Court after 3 ^ the youth's pnents, of 
being accused on a private Luton, Bedfordshire, were pre- 

prasention ^a girl to abent £16^00 

of their savings getting the 

U 6 uiu,so as to endanger life, was jailed for 18 months at 
After the incident, in Maidstone Crown Court in 
ptember 1982, the Director April 1986 for manslaughter. 

Poblic Prosecutions had The Glasgow rape case of 
[vised police that there was May 1982 - the first saccess- 
snffident evidence to bring fnl private prosecution in Scot- 
arges. land since 1909 - bad 

But the youth’s parents, of political as well as legal 
iton. Bedfordshire, woe ore- reperensshws. 

the White Hermitage muc, 



because of his debts. 

“The way he described the 



In February this year Mr 
Ray Williams, a motor fitter, 
and his wife, Pauline, won a 
three-year fight to jail the man 
they Mamed for the dru^ 
death of their son, John, aged 

Gary Anson, aged 25, re- 

case to court 

It led to ffie resignation of 
the Tory MP, Mr Nicholas 
Fairbairn, as Solicitor General 

The DPP finally stepped in for Scotland and ended with 
after magistrates at Laton Joseph Sweeney, aged 18, 
committed Austin for triaL being sentenced to 12 years in 
The DPP also took over the a young offenders' institution. 

<tath Af tbeir son, John, ago! oae of Mr Eric Hazier, Mr Fairittim reagned after 
io 32,arnoftiler,whodiedaftera speaking to the press in 

Gary Austin, aged 25, re- Gtar& Mffler, defeoce of the Lord Advocate's 

criveda lS-mrothseatera for aged 54, a public house land- decision not to prosecute three 
manslaughter after a jury at St fo^ “ autumn 1985. y?«ths accused of raping the 

Albans Crown Court found 
him guilty of nntawfoBy loft- 
ing Jol i and' malidously 
administering the drug. 

ford. In autumn 1985. youths accused of raping the 

Mr Hatcber's family had v,ctiBL 

taken out a private prosecution 
after the DPP initially decided 

After the Lord Advocate’s 
ruling, tite rape victim — who 

against prosecution- Miller needed 168 stitches for ferial 

razor wounds — took out a 
private prosecution. Sweeney 
was found guilty of raping and 
assaulting ber. 

A private prosecution in 
August 1972 led to Mr Peter 
Hun, then chairman of the 
Young Liberals, being fined 
£200 for conspiring to disrupt 
a Davis Cup tennis match 
between Britain and South 
Africa at Bristol. 

lhe question of how much 
weight a jury would put on the 
evidence of such a young girl 
was probably paramount in 
the DPP derision not to Ming 
charges against the doctor m 
the rape case at Chelmsford. 

The DPP and his office 
followed the hearing closely 
and were understood to be 
satisfied that the evidence as 
presented to the jury justified > 

the no-prosecution ruling. 





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am weaving canvas of the East included are many antiques, 
unusual items not gamraOy to be found on the home marital, 
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The Richmond HH Hotel Tho Engfiafa Speaking IMori 

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I Hh 

Tom Thumb’s carriage sells for ill an inch 

A miniature phaeton used to transport a 
25-in tall “general*’ on a European tour in 
the last century was sold in London 
yesterday for £3,190- Charles Sherwood 
Stratton (below), christened General Tom 
Thumb by P T Baronm, the American 
showman who organized die tour, stopped 
growing when he was five months old. 
Daring his 1844 tour he was presented to 
Queen Victoria. The 41-inch long carriage 
was sold, at a price of more than £77 per 
inch, to an mummed private buyer. 

Sale room, page 18 

Clare Valder, an assistant at Christie’s, with the 41-in long carriage which sold for £3,190 (Photograph: Paul Lovelace), and the tiny general it conveyed. 

BBC plea 
for world 
TV service 

Bv Jonathan Miller 
Media Correspondent 

The BBC said yesterday that 
it would be a tragedy if the 
Government rejects its re- 
quest for financial support to 
launch a world television 
news service. 

Mr John Tusa. director of 
3BC External Services, said 
there was “no excuse in 1986 
for not being aware of the 
power of transnational 

The BBC has asked the 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
Office for up to £3 million a 
year for its global news plan, 
which is intended to put the 
corporation into the forefront 
of a rapidly developing market 
for international programme 
exchanges which is at present 
dominated by the Americans. 

The news programmes, 
which would include sport 
business news and global 
weather reports, would be 
beamed by satellite to tele- 
vision stations and cable net- 
works around the world, and 
would also be seen on either 
BBCi or B3C2, the corpora- 
tion said. 

The BBC said the 
Government's investment in 
•he service would be minimal, 
and the benefits to Britain 
considerable. The £1.2 mil- 
lion start-up cost of the project 
could be met from reserve 
funds already held by the' 

Running costs would be 
offset by fees to be paid by 
foreign broadcasters which 
make use cf the programmes, 
the BBC said. 

The corporation said in- 
terest in the project has al- 
ready been expressed by 
broadcasters in North Amer- 
ica. Australia, Japan, Europe, 
Singapore and Hong Kong. 

Later, the BBC hopes that 
the service could be transmit- 
ted on powerful direct broad- 
casting satellites, permitting 
the programmes to be picked 
up by individual viewers 
equipped with small dish 

The BBC plan is opposed by 
Independent Television 
News, which has asked the 
Government to put out the 
contract to provide the service 
to competitive bidding. 

The BBC request for 
government support is being 
examined by Foreign Office 
ministers. The project could 
go ahead within six months of 
being approved by the 

Motor industry 

Land Rover offers first 
nine-day fortnight deal 

Workers on the shop floor 
at Land Rover were offered 
the first nine-day working 
fortnight in the British motor 
industry yesterday. 

In a radical package of 
proposals, the company also 
put forward a plan to in- 
troduce a quality bonus for 
workers, which would be 
based on feedback from 

Land Rover management 
formally replied to a £2l-a- 
week pay claim from union 
leaders representing 6,000 
manual workers at the 
company’s headquarters at 
Solihull, and Freight Rover in 
Birmin gham, both West Mid- 

The company wants to in- 
troduce a two-year deal to 
operate from January 1. The 
offer would take typical basic 
weekly rates up from £141.66 
to £1 52.50 by the second year. 

There is an existing bonus 
scheme which pays up to £30 a 
week, but the deal proposes a 
new customer quality rating in 
which a further £10 weekly 

bonus could be paid. The 
nine-day fortnight would 
mean workers getting every 
second Friday off, but working 
an extra 40 minutes per shift 
It would mean an extra 22 
days off a year, almost dou- 
bling the present allowance. 

The company also proposes 
giving staff status to its hourly 
paid employees, with better 
sick and holiday pay entitle- 
ments. and some security 
against layoffs. 

The proposals were put to 
trade union negotiators yes- 

Production target 
reached by Nissan 

Nissan, the Japanese car 
maker, has readied full 
production at its factory in the 
United Kingdom, five months 
after the first Bluebird rolled 
off the assembly line. 

The £50 million plant, 
employing 740 at Sunderland, 
Tyne and Wear, is now turn- 
ing out 95 cars a day, meeting 
the target for 24,000 a year for 

the first phase of the devdop- 
menL A £300 million expan- 
sion will increase production 
u> 100,000 and the workforce 
to 2,700 by 1991. 

Mr lan Gibson, production 
control director, yesterday de- 
scribed the achievement as 
unprecedented in Britain. It 
had come just over two years 
after the start of the plant's 

He said: “Right from the 
start our operation has been 
meticulously planned and the 
only unexpected features have 
been pleasant ones, faster 
enrolment oflocal component 
suppliers and even greater 
commitment from our work- 

The total of 27 British 
component suppliers when 
the plant was officially opened 
by Mrs Thatcher last Septem- 
ber had been increased to 58, 
with a further nine in main- 
land Europe, he said.. 

It was likely there would be 
a 50 per cent local content 
within the first year of 

Vets condemn cut 
in research funds 

By John Yoang, Agriculture Correspondent 

were likely to make the In- 
stitute for Research on Ani- 
mal Diseases, at Compton, 
near Newbury in Berkshire, 
no longer viable. 

The association also ex- 
pressed “deep concern” about 
the future of the six veterinary 
schools at British universities. 
It said that in the light of the 
proposed reduction in the 
intake of students from 335 to 
302 a year, it was convinced of 
the need fora full inquiry into 
the future of veterinary 

The British Veterinary 
Association said yesterday 
that it was appalled to learn of 
further cuts in government 
funding for research into ani- 
mal diseases. 

The cuts mean that all work 
on cattle lameness, a painful 
and distressing condition 
which afflicts about a quarter 
of ail dairy cows each year, 
would cease. The association 
has also listed as funding 
priorities mucosal disease, 
which causes abortions and 
genetic defects; and infectious 
bronchitis in poultry. The 
importance of continuing re- 
search bad been emphasized 
by the Government's ad- 
visory body, the Farm Animal 
Welfare CounciL 

“If the Minister of Agri- 
culture will not listen to his 
own advisers, who will he 
listen to?" Mr Bernard Wells, 
the association's president 
said yesterday. 

The association had pro- 
tested many times at severe 
reductions in funding, which 

The association yesterday 
urged people not to put pets 
on their Christinas present 
lists. All too many Christmas 
pels ended up in animal rescue 
homes early in the new year, 
once the novelty had worn off 
and the responsibilities of pet 
ownership dawned, it said. 

Recent publicity on “puppy 
farms” and “puppy 
supermarkets" bad helped to 
highlight indiscriminate dog 
breeding and the uncontrolled 
supply of pups for sale. 

Mix-up in 
blood led 
to death 

A hospital launched an in- 
vestigation yesterday after an 
inquest was told that an elderly 
man died after he was given 
blood of the wrong type. 

Mr Fred Goodwin, aged 85, of 
Broom Acres, Sandhurst. Berk- 
shire. suffered a kidney failure 
on November 1 1 after the mix- 
up of Wood samples at 
Heatherwood Hospital, Ascot, 
the inquest was told. 

Doctor Paul Unwin, a newly 
qualified doctor, admitted he 
made a blunder 
The East Berkshire coroner, 
Mr Robert Wilson, was told by 
Dr Unwin that he had been 
trained in an area with a high 
immigrant population where 
doctors were taught to identify 
samples using the date of birth 
because of the risk of confusion 
over similar-sounding names. 

But in this case Mr Goodwin's 
neighbour in the hospital ward 
was also born in November 
1900 which led to the fatal error. 

Dr Edmund Hemsied, a 
pathologist, said Mr Goodwin 
had heart and lung trouble and 
the blood mix-up bad been the 
“crowning glory”. The coroner 
recorded that death was due to 
natural causes. 

Money for 
trickles in 

Money has started to arrive 
at the Childline offices in 
London after Thursday's ap- 
peal for funds from Esther 
Rantzen, tbe television 

She has given a warning that 
the new help line for abused 
children will have to dose in 
February unless more money 
is made available. 

A spokesman for the charity 
said yesterday: “We could do 
with someone like Paul Getty 
stepping in to help us.” 

Hindley talks 
to police chief 

The man leading the in- 
quiry into the disappearance 
of two children 20 years ago 
had a two-bour meeting yes- 
terday with Myra Hindley, 
serving a life sentence for the 
moors murders. 

Det Chief Snpt Peter Top- 
ping and Mr Michael Fisher, 
Hindley’s solicitor, refused to 
answer questions as they left 
Cookham Wood Prison, 
Rochester, Kent. 

Museum cash 
is increased 

The Government is giving 
£3,896,000 more to museums 
next year Mr Richard Luce, 
Minister for the Arts, an- 
nounced yesterday. He said in 
a Commons written reply that 
this was a 3.8 per cent rise to 
nearly £107.8 million. 

Driver jailed 

Vincent Price, aged 23, a car 
salesman, of Glossops Parade, 
Glossops Green, Crawley, 
West Sussex, whose car 
crashed into a police vehicle 
killing a police officer in 
Putney, south-west London, 
was jailed for two years and 
banned from driving for 10 
years, at the Central Criminal 
Court yesterday. 

Verdict date 

The Court of Appeal de- 
rision on the appeal by Mar- 
garet Livesey, of Bamber 
Bridge, Lancashire, against 
conviction for the murder of 
her son Alan, aged 14, will be 
given on Tuesday. 

Singer divorce 

Grace Kennedy, the singer, 
yesterday ended her four-year 
marriage to Mr Robert Win- 
sor, a businessman. She was 
awarded a special procedure 
decree at the London Divorce 

December iz iyou 


Formal inquiry into loss or 

the Derbyshire announced 

.. tho loss Of the _ about l 

There is to be a formal 
investigation into the dis- 
appearance of the bulk earner 
Derbyshire, which sank ax 
vears ago with the loss of au 44 
crew, Mr Michael Spicer, 
Under Secretary of State for 
Transport, announced in a 
statement to the Commons. It 

igauon into tbe loss of th® 

Derbyshire needed to be hdd 

SUERS"* S* - 

ihe statement and thankee me 
minister for it- 

Mr Roger SWt, n Opp- 

1 SS**XiSSSSl£ 

SteSrision followed D^byshlro. f _lbc °f to; 

receipt of the inspector’s report 
into the condition of the sister 
bulk carrier, the Kowloon 
Bridge, while at anchor in 
Ban try Bay on November 20. A 
second rep o rt had been -comm- 
issioned into the sub-sequent 
loss of the Kowloon Bridge on 

November 22. after it sailed 
from the harbour. 

He said: In my statement to 
the House on November 25 I 
referred to tbe possible Irak 

between the damage suffered by 

tbe Kowloon Bridge and the loss 
of the Derbyshire, one of her 
sister ships, which disappeared 
in the Pacific in 1980 with the 
loss of 44 lives. 

I undertook to consider 
whether, in the light of tbe loss 
of the Kowloon Bridge, there 
might be a case for holding a 
formal investigation into the 
loss of the Derbysh ire. 

The inspector’s report con- 
tains details of cracks and 
distortion to the deck and hatch 
coamings of the Kowloon 
Bridge and other damage 
sustained during tbe voyage 
across the Atlantic. The report 
concludes there was no evidence 

of design difficulties or struc- 
tural failure of the kind which 
has tny n suggested might have 
caused tbe loss of the 

However, I recognize that 
more than one interpretation of 
these finding s might be possible. 
I also recognize that the 
subsequent loss of one of her 
sister ships has increased public 
concern about the unexplained 
loss of tbe Derbyshire, which 
was reflected on both side of the 
House on November 25. 

In these circumstances I have 
decided that a formal invest- 

crew and the seafaring unions 
had been attempting to per- 

Spicer Inquiry in home 
port of Liverpool 
made the Government to hold a 
formal investigation. 

“While nothing can co 1 ®; 
pensaie for the loss of (those) 
who died, this news today will 
be the best Christmas present 
the families of tbe crew could 

“May I on behalf of the 
sga fari n g unions, the families of 
those who were lost, and 
colleagues on both sides of the 
House, thank the minister for 
his staiemenu" 

Mr David Alton (Liverpool, 
Mossley HUL L) said that 1 7 of 
ibe Derbyshire's crew had Mine 
from Liverpool and asked if the 
inquiry could take place there. 

Mr Spicer said that the 
inquiry would be in Liverpool 
as it bad been the ship's home 
port. . . . 

The only issue had oeen 


produce new evidence about the 

K& There bad I never 
hpen anv question of the 
Government not W 

have maximum mformauon 
about the disappearance The 
problem had been how w jg 
information about a ship that 
went down without trace and 
whether a formal investigation 
would add to the amount of 

MfpStfPBte (Burnley. Lab) 
said that ihe minister had 
written to him just a wwk before 
inking of .the Kowloon 

investigation into the lossof the 

DerbvSire. Did he now believe 

those' difficulties could be 
overcome and that the invest- 
igation would be 
Mr Spicer said Jhal tte 
difficulties remained. There 
would be a long process of 
formal investigation where, it 
had to be said, u was difficult to 
see what new information 
would be forthcoming. His 
derision had been based on 
what had been said in the House 
and on the findings in the 
inspector's report. 

Thai had brought him to the 
view that there was just enough 
to cause, not in the inspectors 
or Government's minds, doubts 
of interpretation for there to be a 
formal investigation. It had 
been a finely balanced judge- 
ment. „ , 

Mr Dennis Skinner (Bolsover, 
Lab) said that the minister 
should not be getting 
compliments for setting up the 
inquiry. “It has been dragged 
out of him." Would proper 
compensation be paid to the 
families of the crew of the 

Mr Spicer said that Mr Skinner 
really was up the creek on the 
question of compensation, be- 
cause the Government had 
given full indemnification to 
British Shipbuilders against any 
future legal action over the 
Derbyshire at tbe time that 
Swan Hunter had been 

More support among MPs 
for Nimrod warning system 

A statement on the competition 
between the Boeing and Nimrod 
early- warning systems for the 
Royal Air Force will be made 
next week, the Commons was 
told during a debate on defence 
products and exports. 

Opening the debate, Mr 
Robot Hayward (Kingswood, 
O said that the defence industry 
played a major role in die 
prosperity of the country with 
employment in it running at 
200,000 directly, and many 
thousands more jobs indirectly 

Annual turnover was expect- 
ed to reach £7.000 million next 
year, with exports orders at 
£2,900 million, more than 5 per 
cent of British manufactured 

He moved that the House 
note the importance for jobs and 
exports of the British defence 
industry and welcome tbe 
Government's continuing sup- 
port for the Industry. 

Mr Lewis CkrtosJimes (Ecctes, 
Lab) said that he wished to 
defend GECs Nimrod, as 
opposed to the Boeing Awacs, as 
an early-warning system. 

He was the only MP present 
who had flown Nimrod and 
used the equipment. If die 
Nimrod equipment were not 
utilized it would be an act of 
vandalism. The problem of 
screen “clutter'’ had been 
overcome. “We were able to 
identify individual targets.” 

Mr Donald Stewart (Western 
Wes, SNP) said that he was 
against the expansion of arms 
for export It was an immoral 
trade. He declined to welcome 
tbe Government’s continuing 
support for the industry. 

Mir John Cartwfght (Woolwich, 
SDP) said that be would come 
down on tbe side of Nimrod, 
provided that it could meet the 
detailed performance require- 
ments of die RAF. 

Mr Faddy Ashdown (Yeovil, L) 
said that ft was now time for the 
Government to stop shitty 
shallymg about what orders it 
wanted to give to Westland. 
Delay undermined Westland’s 
capacity to be able to take 
advantage of its current position 
in ihe market place. 

The Drops [demountable rack 
offloading pickup system] con- 
tract was necessary if the British 

Army was to be able to fulfil its 
ia<A*~ in Europe and if the 

needed re-supply of ammu- 
nition was to be obta in ed. 

But the order for Drops also 
involved an unwitting export 
abroad, to die Soviet Union. 
Bo ugh tons, of Amersbam, in 
Buckinghamshire, which had 
done much of die original work, 
haH been excluded. The Gov- 
ernment had given the contract 
to Foden and ScammeL 

What concerned him was that 
Multilift, one of the primary 
contractors, had come up with a 
solution to the hydraulic 
problems which bore a resemb- 
lance to the system put forward 
by Bough ton and developed it 
for military application. 

What was not known was that 
Multilift itself had a parent 
company m Finland called 
Partek. This firm supplied to the 
Soviet state truck manufacturers 
similar hydraulic lifting sys- 

“It is evident that that 
contractor chosen by the 
Government is also a contractor 
for similar systems to the Soviet 
Union, probably to the Soviet 
Army. How can we be assured 
that the advantages that Drops 
will give to the British Army will 
not quickly become available to 
the Soviet Union as wett?” 

Mr Kevin McNamara, an 
Opposition spokesman on def- 
ence and disarmament, said that 
in 1977 all sides of tbe House 
agreed to go forward with 
Nimrod. That decision having 
been made they should not now 
be throwing good money after 
an American system and 
discarding what they already 
had built and available. 

Bough ton had over the 
1 2 years spent about £4 
on designing its own ammu- 
nition and equipment carrier for 
the Army. Despite this, in 1983 
it was not selected to fake part in 
feasibility studies. 

They all knew that Boughton 
did not get the contract. A lot of 
controversy surrounded it. He 
was not competent to judge 
whether or not that was a right 
decision in terms of the Army's 
requirement and whether Drops 
came up to it. 

There were allegations of 
impropriety in the handling of 
the Drops contract He had been 

told that Boughton's chairman 
had been warned that the 
consequences to the company 
would be disastrous if they were 
publicly io complain about the 
MoD. The House was entitled to 
answers to these questions. 

-Mr Archibald Hamilton. Under 
Secretary of State for Defence 
Procurement, said that in 
transporting large quantities of 
ammunition to tbe battlefield, 
the Drops system, an extremely 
sophisticated skip, had become 
necessary because new weapons 
took shells twice the old and 
fired at twice the rate. The 
weapons also needed replenish- 
ing five umes as quickly as 
previously planned. 

Referring to the comments 
about Multilift made by Mr 
Ashdown, he said the company 
had developed the technology 
which the Army required, it was 
therefore sensible to use it. What 
rise the company did with that 
technology was a matter for 

Of Boughton's part in the 
contract, he said the company- 
had been one of 70 in the 
original tenders and had been 
among the final 1 1 considered. 
This final group had all been 
subjected to extensive and 
comprehensive testing before 
the contracts were awarded. 
Boughton had not been suc- 

Their disappointment was 
understandable, but they re- 
mained valued contractors in 
Ministry of Defence business 
and they would assuredly be 
more successful on other 
occasions. His department look- 
ed forward to doing business 
with them in the future. 

On the airborne early warning 
system, be said that the 
Secretary of State, Mr George 
Younger, would make an 
announcement next week. The 
final decision would be taken 
only after the fullest consid- 
eration of all the relevant factors 
including technical, commer- 
cial, industrial and operational. 

The Government had been 
entirely even banded in dealing 
with the two competitors. 
Competition had enabled the 
Government to make a genuine 
choice between two systems. 

The motion was approved. 


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Bank robber leads insurgents in tiny South American state 

. • 1 * 1 '! Rebels seize control in most of Surinam 

on voting likely 

Valletta - An aeramen t ktw*. _1L_ v Paramaribo. South America 

Valletta - An ailment between Malta's ruling Labour 
ir.5 Opposition Nationalist Party on the workings of 
draocracy on the island seems imminent, following the 

ftmBCr ^ &™ 1 * Blini5ter ’ M * Dorn Mtooff, 

J, Representatives (Austin Sarnmnt writes). 

to Leader «* Opposition, Dr Ed* 
-h;rK ,S l r Ad ^? U ' ro ^ reservations, a deal 

uhjch the former prime minister had negotiated and oa 
which there was agreement last August. 

Dr Fenech Adami said that oacc the August deal had the 
Jractuig of the Malta Labour Party, he would agree to ft for 
rtc Natioiulisl Party and it could be signed the following 

The nnost important reform in the “August agreement* 1 is a 
formula whereby the political party obtaining an absolute 
majority or the popular votes in a general election will 
necessanly pave a majority of seats in the parliament. 

Since the last general election exactly five years ago today, 
in which the ruling Labour Party retained a majority of par- 
liamentary seats while the Nationalist Party won a majority 
or the vote, there has been a serious constitutional and politi- 
cal crisis. 

US-Turkey bases pact 

Ankara - Turkey and the US agreed here yesterday to re- 
new the Btjaleral Defence and Economic Co-operation 
Agreement (Deca) after a year of talks since its expiry last 
December (Rasit Gurdilek writes). Under the 
Washington has been maintaining electronic surveillance 
bases, an air base and numerous communications facilities hi 

Mr Richard Perle, the deputy US Defence Secretary, who 
attended the (Inal series of talks, said the agreement would 
be valid for five years from December 1985. Turkish 
negotiators were insisting until the last moment on a two- 
year terra as a safeguard against further disappointments in 
connection with the military aid supplied as part of the ac- 
cord. Turkey has repeatedly expressed displeasure over 
frequent aid cuts bought about by the interference of the US 

walk out 

Vienna (Renter) — The 
Soviet delegation to the 
European Security Con- 
ference walked out yes- 
terday when the US 
delegation asked for a 
minute's silence to honour 
the veteran human rights 
campaigner Anatoly 
Marchenko, whose death 
in a labour camp was 
announced this week. 

The chief US delegate, 
Mr Warren Zimmer maan 
was making a speech at the 
Hofbarg Palace when he 
asked for the tribute. He 
was asked to resume after 
about 45 seconds ami, when 
he refused, the Russians 
left accompanied by the 
Bulgarians as the minute 
ended. Both delegations 
returned to the hall later. 

strike fails 

Sao Paulo — A general 
strike and workers* 
marches called by Brazil- 
ian Labour leaders yes- 
terday to protest against 
government austerity mea- 
sures and to demand 
suspension of foreign debt 
payments foiled to bring 
the country to a standstill, 
as onion leaders bad vowed 
(Mac Mergolis writes). 

The majority of Brazil- 
ians ignored Labour's ap- 
peal to strike for 24 bonra, 
and most shops, banks, and 
offices opened their doors. 

The Unified Labour 
Centre and the General 
Union of Workers de- 
manded revision of the 
Government's battery of 
steep rises in public 
utilities* and sales taxes. 

Swedes ban sex clubs 

Stockholm — Homosexuals protested on Thursday as 
Sweden announced the banning of private sauna and video 
clubs as part of a national campaign to stop the spread of 
Aids (Christopher Mosey writes). 

“This is a highly unfortunate decision,” said Mr Kjell 
Rind&r, a member of the homosexual dvfi rights organiza- 
tion, RFSL. “It is part of a wave of new morality and has Ut- 
ile to do with tbe risk of infections. These dabs fulfil a valid 
social function and should stay open.” 

The legislation will complete the changeover of Swedish 
society from being one of the most sexually permissive in 
Europe in the 5960s to becoming one of the most seamaDy re- 
pressed in the 1989s. 


Washington (AP) — 

General Bernard Rogers, 
right, commander-in-chief 
of Nato military forces, was 
in a satisfactory condition 
on Thursday at Walter 
Reed US Army Medical 
Centre after surgery of an 
undisclosed nature. The 
general, aged 65, has com-; 
manded allied forces in 
Europe since 1979. 

Afess Nidal Demolition 
pnan dies men defy 

in air raid the bailiff 

By Andrew McEwen From Hairy DebeKns 

Diplomatic Correspondent Madrid 

Whitehall expressed con- Tension heightened be* 

cem yesterdav over an Israeli tween angry townspeople and 
air attack in' northern Leba- police in the northern Spanish 
non in which a top lieutenant town of Rtano yesterday when 
of the tenorist leader Abu heavy machinery operators 
Nidal was killed. defied a judge s order to stop 

The Foreign Office state- destroying houses, 
mem went beyond the routine The destruction was re- 

nyjction to Middle East in- sumed less than two hours 
cidcnts. which is to deplore all after abailiffhad tfetivered an 
acts ofvioIer.ce. A spokesman order from a distnctcourt in 
said that the concern focused the nearby town of Qsberna, 
m the destabilizing effect of immediately to stop all work 
SL bom bine rather than on relaied to the creation of an 
.‘he draih of the Abu Nidal artificial lake, pending study 
man who was one of nine of allegations of illegal expro- 
nennle kilied in the raid on priaiions. . 

KE?ni-n guerrilla bases. A lawyer representing those 
?J £bt Nidi’s Fash-Revolu- affected, Senor Mane Saenz 
tio-n Council vowed in a de Buruaga, told defiant 
issued in the Nahr townsfolk that foe resumption 
& camp outside of the demolition, with police 

oort of Tripoli to protection, may constitute a 
life death of Muham- new illegal act on tbe part of 
Abu Nidal's com- the administration. 
maod?r m Svrian-coniroIJed The lawyer- .bad already 
S? Lebanon? by “sinking presented a cnmtnal com- 
?! iJrSiis nav be". plaint against the avil gov- 
W Hve of foe nine 'killed in erooroftbe province of Uon 
raid by eight Is- and against foe chairman of 
Tl c *fiihie5Snbera were the local water resources 
raeh . -Sj'ce reported, board for “usurpation, coo-- 

S'fXr tfU Lebanese cion, misappropriation and U- , 
The other wur d _ Iayed legal expropriation”. 

shepnenis^ill^^^ after the Tbe latest stay of execution, i 
action boBW an noura by foe Cistiema judge, j 

tan*- Pohc % jf p J,- atrack, was supposed to have allowed , 

P^° p, S jSting^uri^g Rve People arrested on 
wounds in p ® lesl i nia n Wednesday for ^resisting the 
the r.tgnt lim jestruction of residents 

guerrihas and bni homes were released without 

Amal niiiitiarnen. _ charged. Two others 

Sporadic htastsrat'Kl were arrested on Thursday, 
reed bv 5SSfu a and Villas youths manned roof- 

around octrui > v . r uaee t 0 ps again yesterday u an 
Bourj el-Barejneh rerugee 

camps all night. 

From Christopher Thomas 
Paramaribo, South America 

Several hundred rebel for- 
ces appear to have taken 
control of almost all ofEastem 
Surinam, foe tiny former 
Dutch colony on foe north 
eastern shoulder of South 

Insurgents have attacked 
within 40 miles of Paramar- 
ibo, the capital, which remains 
in foe iron grip of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Desi Bou terse, foe 
country's left wing military 
dictator. A nationwide state ox 
emergency has been in force 
for the past fortnight. 

Two weeks ago rebels led by 
Ronny Brunswick, a former 
array sergeant turned bank 
robber, overwhelmed foe 
town ofMoengo, 60 milts east 
of the capital and one of the 
main centres of bauxite min- 
ing, Surinam's principal 

The army maintains a 
heavy presence there, com- 
plete with machine gun nests 
around a vital airstrip. The 
army were ai first driven out 
by foe rebels, then in a pitched 
battle the insurgents were 
forced back, but not before 
putting foe torch to several 
buildings. Moengo is now 
under a 6 pm-to-5 am curfew. 
It was foe rebels* greatest 
triumph and a devastating 
psychological Mow to foe 

Tbe insurgents, whose war 
began inauspiciously at 3 am 
on July 21 when seven men 
opened fire with rifles on a 
remote military post, last 
month attacked the eastern 
border town of Albina. 

Out of fear that the res- 
idents were sympathetic to 
Ronny Bninswijk, foe army 
evacuated virtually everybody 
and today Albina is described 
as a ghost town. Chi Novem- 
ber 18 foe residents arrived in 
Paramaribo and by all ac- 
counts it was a pitiful sight. 

They were put up temporar- 
ily in foe city's sports stadium, 
where 100 of them still remain 
under army supervision, hop- 
ing for relatives and friends to 
lake them in. Some informed 
people believe Albina has now 
been abandoned to the rebels 
but nobody is absolutely sure. 
Access to foe area has been cut 
off by the army. 

In October foe rebels struck 
tbe town of Pattamaca, about 
30 miles from Albina, where 
one of the two big oil plantar 
uons in Surinam is located. 
Tbe factory and many houses 
were damaged or destroyed 
but, even worse, most of the 
plants were burned. 

As a result oil is scarce 
throughout the country. Many 
Surinamese have resorted to 

Ronny Bnmswijk, at the wheel, and a mercenary who 1s taking part in the rebellion against the government of Lieutenant-Colonel Bonterse. The rebels 
are believed to be in control of most of Surinam . Below, Ronnv Bnmswijk, tbe army sergeant turned bank robber who is leading the insurgents. 

using hog oil. The Govern- there can be little doubt that 
metu has used tbe attack the rebels have at least their 
extremely effectively in anti- tacit blessing. Certainly Ron- 
rebel propaganda on tele- ny Bninswijk seems to en- 
vision and some foreign counter no difficulty leaving 

observers here say that Ronny 
Bninswijk may be losing some 
popular support, even though 
foe Government remains 
widely disliked. 

Mr Hendrik Herrenberg, 
the Foreign Minister, was 
quoted this week as wanting 
foal Fiance could be planning 
an invasion from neighbour- 
ing French Guiana. The 

I Paramaribo 


-■ : <\Moe*tga 




* 200mfles 

French Foreign Ministry de- 
nied tbe chum, although it 
said troops had helped set up 
reception facilities for refugees 
crossing foe border from 
Su rinam. 

There are now 4,500 Suri- 
namese refugees in French 
Guiana and about 180,000 
exiles in The Netherlands — 
Ronny Brunswijk's principal 
source of finance: 

Clearly the French Govern- 
ment does not like what is 
happening in Surinam and 

there can be little doubt that 
the rebels have at least their 
tacit blessing. Certainly Ron- 
ny Bninswijk seems to en- 
counter no difficulty leaving 
Surinam via French Guiana 
whenever he chooses. 

The Suraniane Government 
yesterday declared a holiday 
and called a mass rally in tbe 
centre of Paramaribo to pro- 
test about what it called 
French invasion plans. Ban- 
ners were strung across the 
streets proclaiming: “Democ- 
racy yes, terrorism no." 

Government officials using 
loudspeakers repeated that 
France might invade im- 
minently and urged people to 
unite in resistance. Judging 
from conversations with on- 
lookers however, it seemed 
that most people were scep- 
ticaL “It's a good day for the 
ice-cream sellers," one re- 
marked derisively. Several 
hundred people were watched 
over by large numbers of 

Four years ago, in the early 
hours of December 8, Colonel 
Bouierse dragged 15 civic 
leaders from their beds, took 
them to Fort Zeelandia, a 1 7th 
century landmark where he 
has his headquarters, and had 
them shot 

There has been no voice of 
opposition since. By killing a 
few, Bouterse has terro riz ed 
the many. The array, bolstered 
to 3,000 men, is feared. A 
visitor is warned not to take 
photographs because that 


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means instant arrest. The only its cafes bustling and noisy, 
news disseminated here is via Nearly two-thirds of the 
a government-controlled population live here - a 
newspaper, TV and radio. fantastic mixture of Creole 
Outwardly Paramaribo is a descendents of former slaves, 
calm, slow-moving town of East Indians whose forebears 
200,000 people, its shops full came as indentured labourers, 
ofbright clothes and furniture, Javanese, Chinese, Europeans 

and native Indians. About 
10,000 bush Negros, descen- 
dants of runaway slaves, live 
in jungle villages. Ronny 
Brunswijk. about 50. is 
one of their number. 

But the effects of war are 
finally reaching Paramaribo. 

Desperately scarce foreign ex- 
change has been diverted to 
buy equipment for the army. 
A helicopter rented from Bra- 
zil was shot down by rebels on 
its first mission during Octo- 
ber or November. .Another 
helicopter has since been 

Basic imports like flour are 
severely restricted. Car tyres 
and many spare parts are 
unavailable. Every day there 
are long queues for bread. 
Even milk is in short supply. 
But unlike foe former British 
colony of Guyana, its western 
neighbour, there are no signs 
of hunger here. Thanks to 
bauxite. Surinam has enjoyed 
one of the highest standards of 
living in the area. 

The Netherlands, Suri- 
name's greatest benefactor 
since granting independence 
in 1975, cut off aid after the 
1982 massacre, instantly de- 
priving foe Government of a 
quarter of its income. The 
United Slates followed suit. In 
spile of foe comparative 
prosperity. The situation has 
worsened sharply after the 
attack on Moengo, which 
forced the closure of the 
bauxite mine, throwing at 
least 1,500 men out of work. 

Democrats revived by Iran arms affair Hondurans want to get 

“The biggest mistake we can 
make is to view tbe Iran afifiur 
as a free pass to the White 
House,” a leading Democrat 
said on Thursday. 

Not even the most partisan 
Democrat could take delight 
in the President's plight, he 
added, because of foe damage 
to American credibility a- 
round the world. 

Former Governor Charles 
Robb ofViigtma was speaking 

in the picturesque colonial 
town of Williamsbuig, for 
from the hubbub of foe Iran 
affair, to some of tbe party's 
most influential members. But 
despite his warning, he and 
fellow participants at a two- 
day conference were elated by 
their change in fortunes. 

“After six long years in the 
I political wilderness, the Dem- 
ocratic Party is resurgent By 
contrast foe Republicans are 
virtually immobilized by foe 
Iranian arms debacle.” 

The meeting of foe Demo- 
cratic Leadership Council 
(DLC) could not have come at 
a more critical moment in the 
party's fortunes. The Demo- 
crats have just won control of 
foe Senate by a larger margin 
than even they foresaw. Their 
public bickerings have been 
stilled and their electoral plat- 
form is steadily being built on 
solid, coherent policies. And 
conservatism in America is 
now on foe ebb. 

Much of this revival was set 
in motion by the formation 
last year of foe Democratic 
Leadkship Council, a pres- 
sure group within foe party 
that includes most of its likely 
presidential contenders: Sen- 
ators Sam Nunn of Georgia 
and Joseph Biden of Dda- 
ware, former Governors 
Charles Robb of Virginia and 
Bruce Babbitt of Arizona, and 
Congressman Richard Gep- 

Their aim was simple: to 
make foe party more credible 
after Walter Mondale's crush- 
ing defeat by jettisoning the 
special interests baggage 
which bogged the Democrats 
down in 1984, concentrating 
on basic issues such as de- 
fence, economic growth and 
innovations in social welfare, 
and recapturing foe political 
initiative from the Repub- 

It has been interpreted as a 
move to the right, an aban- 
donment of liberalism - 
tough on defence, ruthless in 
paring foe bloated welfare sys- 
tem, cool to foe concents of 
feminists and minorities. The 
Leadership Council prefers to 

era and looking beyond tra- 
ditional constituencies for 
new voters. 

The group has its critics: 
Paul Kirk, of the 

Democratic National Com- 
mittee, did not take kindly to a 
new grouping within the party. 

Washington View 

, By Michael Binyon 

And Democrats on foe left see 
betrayal of the party's age-old 
ideals. Ann Lewis, National 
Director of the liberal Ameri- 
cans for Democratic Action, 
says that instead of stimulat- 
ing debate, the group engages 
in a subtle form of party- 

She accuses them of paying 
exaggerated court to business 
interests, ignoring the still 
pressing problems of social 
justice and the poor. Some say 
that in the search for the 
yuppie voter, the DLC group 
could lose touch with blacks, 
farmers, trade unionists and 
peace activists, who might 
form a coalition of discontent 
around Jesse Jackson. 

“Politics is about ideology, 
and die Democratic Party 
might as well fold up and go 
away unless it has tbe courage 
to present itself as forthrightly 
to the left of the Republicans," 
foe liberal New Republic said 
recently. Robb and his friends 

Politics is more pragmatic. 
It is about winning elections. 

When created last year, foe 
Leadership Council was seen 
as a southern and western 
rump group. But since foen its 
members have grown in stat- 
ure. Sam Nunn, soon to be 
chairman of the influential 
senate armed services com- 
mittee, is widely regarded as 
one of the best brains and 
most articulate speakers on 
Capitol Hill; Charles Robb 
overcame his label as LBJ's 
son-in-law to prove one of foe 
most effective governors Vir- 
ginia had for years. Both are 
considered natural running 
mates or even presidential 
candidates. But for the mo- 
ment they are hiding any such 
ambitions under foe party 

The new centrists and foe 

liberals want to prevent any 
incipient spliLThey cannot 
afford, as fortunes bounce 
bade, any internecine strug- 
gles. Tbe image both sides 
now need is one of 
responsibility — personal, pol- 
ilical, fiscal 

The party can do without \ 
opportunists ready to exploit 
Iran for partisan good. 

Tbe Democrats meeting in 
Williamsbuig are planning 
their offensive. But they know 
they too have to tread care- 
fully over the Iranian mine- 

“The public loved Reagan 
before and the may love him 
again,” one congresswoman 
said. And Hamilton Jordan, 
President Carter’s former 
chief of staff, who has shed his 
wild image and become an 
articulate conservative, gave a 
warning foal public memory is 
short, and foe whole affair 
could be forgotten by 1988. 

What Nunn, Robb and co 
want is to have a convincing 
alternative platform in place 
by then that does not depend 
on the current slip-ups in the 
While House. 

rid of Contras over 
Iran arms deal scandal 

From Alan Tomlinson 

The Honduran Govern- 
ment, fearful that foe Iran 
arms deal scandal may have 
seriously weakened United 
States policy in Central Amer- 
ica, wants foe US-backed 
Nicaraguan Contras out of its 
country. It has apparently 
been assured by Washington 
that foe Nicaraguan rebels will 
try to move out of their 
Honduran bases by late 

Honduran officials believe 
that recent clashes on their 
territory between Nicaraguan 
and Honduran troops were a 
by-product of the Iran aflair. 

They suspect that foe San- 
dinista army may have chosen 
last week to step up incursions 
against foe Contra camps, in 

Senators put the screw on Reagan 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

movement is pulling the party 
back to foe centre, stealing 
ideas and ideals of the Reagan 

As further revelations teak 
from dosed congressional 
bearings on foe Iran affair. 
President Reagan is now mder 
intense pressure to take de- 
cisive action to get the facts out 
into the open. 

He is being publicly urged 
by Senate leaders to find out 
from key figures in the affair 
what happened and report to 
foe nation, so that he can get 
on with foe nation's business. 

la an uunsnal tetter to the 
Washington Paid, Senator 
Robert Dole, foe Republican 
leader and one of Mr Reagan's 
dose allies on Capitol H31, 
said two men held the key —a 
reference to Vice-Admiral 
John Poindexter and Lieotea- 
ant-Colonel Oliver North, 
both former members of the 
National Security Council. 
They alone could reveal what 
the cosmtry needed to know, 
and whether Mr Reagan did, 
or authorized, anything im- 
proper or illegaL 

“The comtry must always 
come first It’s time for them - 
or anyone else still in foe 
Administration who knows 
anything about fob affair — to 

L to the President and aril 
i everything,” he said. 

“I know Ronald Reagan: the 
American people trust him. 
When he has all the facts, be 
win re-establish the Admin- 
istration’s credibility by doing 
what has to be done." 
President Reagan has him- 

self been seeking ad rice from 
outside in recent days. He is 
reported to have talked with 
Air Robert Strauss, foe former 
Democratic national chair- 
man, and Mr William Rogers, 
President Nixon’s Secretary of 

Mr Howard Baker, a former 
Republican Senate leader, has 
met Vice-President George 

It is rare for Mr Reagan to 
go outside the White House 
and foe circle of his own 
advisers for help. But longtime 
political associates have im- 
pressed on him in recent days 
the urgency of restoring na- 
tional confidence, and foe 
inability of tire embattled 
White House on its own to 
dear things up. 

The callfor foe dismissal of 
Mr Donald Regan, foe Chief 
of Staff is being repeatedly 
voiced by Democrats and 
Republicans alike, and many 
have Imbed Mrs Nancy 
Reagan to foe clamour. Bat 
Mr Reagan has resisted all 

The White House has in- 
directly coufinaed reports that 
President Reagan violated his 
own order of 1982 stipulating 
that all important security 
decisions should be commu- 
nicated in writing to senior 
members of tbe National Sec- 
urity CoundL including foe 
Secretaries of State and 

This ruling has never been : 
publicly acknowledged, on sec- | 
nrity grounds. But Mr Larry , 
Speakes, the White House 
spokesman, confirmed that ! 
the President did not inform 
Mr Shultz and several other 
top aides of his January 17 
decision to sell arms to Iran 
FoDowing the testimony of 
Mr William Casey, the Direc- 
tor of the Central Intelligence 
Agency, at closed congres- 
sional hearings this week, 
there were reports yesterday 
that be encouraged the secret 
1985 White House initiative to 
Iran by providing his own 
inteOigence evaluation, which 
supported Israeli da has that 
'moderates’ in Ban were will- 
ing to open folks 
Mr Madushir Ghorbanifer, 
foe Iranian businessman in- 
volved In the arms deal, said in 
a television interview on 
Thursday that there were six 
arms shipments starting in 
July 1985, with 2,000 anti- 
tank missiles valued at be- 
tween $30 million (£20 
million) and $35 million. 

He said the money foe 
banians paid for foe arms was 
deposited in a Swiss account 
on foe instructions iff Colonel 
North and General Richard 
Seoord, a retired pentagon 
officer. He said he personally 
bad arranged the release of 
three American hostages On 
Lebanon following the arms 

President Ortega: warned 

troops would cross border. 

tbe belief that Washington 
was paralysed by The scandal 
and that Honduras would be 
too unsure of American assis- 
tance to confront Nicaraguan 
troops alone. 

“They miscalculated,” a 
Honduran official said. In 
response to Honduran doubts 
the US Ambassador, Mr Ev- 
erett Briggs, bad only recently 
given new assurances of mili- 
tary support in the event of a 
Nicaraguan attack. 

US army helicopters air- 
lifted local troops to the 
border last Sunday, after Hon- 
duras said that the Sandinistas 
had attacked three frontier 

The US assurances went so 
far as to agree that the Contras 
will leave Honduras and move 
into Nicaragua, perhaps as 
early as April. Honduran of- 
ficials said. American officials 
denied this, declining to com- 
ment on recent meetings 
involving Mr Briggs. 

Tegucigalpa, Honduras 

Between 7,000 and 15,000 
rebels are at present being 
trained and equipped with 
$100 million (£70 million) of 
US aid. but belief in Honduras 
that they can soon move 
forcefully into Nicaragua is at 
a new low. 

The Contras have never 
been able to sustain offensives 
inside Nicaragua and have 
staged no significant military 
operations in more than a 

One Western diplomat ob- 
served: “I have not met a 
single Honduran at any level 
who says he thinks tbe 
Contras can succeed.” 

A Honduran official com- 
mented: “Even with the $100 
million, they don't have any 
possibility of remaining in 

Over the past 10 months. 
Nicaragua has moved the 
front line of the war into 
Honduras itself In March, 
when US troops first assisted 
the Hondurans with an airlift 
to meet a Sandinista assault 
on the Contra camps. Presi- 
dent Ortega of Nicaragua gave 
a warning that the border 
would nolonger be respected. 

Since then. Sandinista sol- 
diers have maintained an 
almost permanent presence 
on the Honduran side. A 
Honduran Foreign Ministry 
official said that no fewer than 
80 territorial violations had 
occurred since March, a fact 
Honduras kept quiet to avoid 
inflaming a tense situation. 

Western diplomats say that, 
by ignoring the Nicaraguan 
presence, the Honduran army 
condoned it implicitly. “I 
have also heard there was 
communication between the 
Honduran and Sandinista 
military to avoid troop 
contact,” one diplomat said. 

The consequences of an 
eventual collapse by tbe 
Contras are beginning to 
weigh heavily on Honduras, 
particularly in tight of the 
damage done to the rebel 
cause by revelations that pro- 
ceeds from US arms sales to 
Iran were diverted to them. 

Some Honduran officials 
fear that the Iran affair may 
lead to Contra aid being 
scrapped by a Democrat-con- 
troUed Congress, and even to a 
Republican defeat in the 1988 
US presidential election. 

“The worry is that the 
Americans will disappear and 
Honduras will be left bolding 
a very nasty little baby,” a 
diplomat observed , 



Volley of self-criticism 
prepares Vietnam for 
shake-up in leadership 

Vietnam is engaged in an 
orgy of self-criticism which 
may lead to important 
changes in its ageing leader- 
ship and policies at the Com- 
munist Fatty congress, which 
begins on Monday. 

The party newspaper, Nanh 

candid, but the current 
month campaig n has lasted 
longer and been more far- 
reaching *Hira any since the 
reunification of Vietnam, 11 
years ago. 

Some 45,000 party cadres 
around the country have been 
l imning the criticism sessions, 
which Eave pointed fingers at 
those in high places. Criticism 
has preceded previous party 

but this time it has 

of such vehemence that 
it appears change must follow. 

Mr Truong Chinh, aged 79, 
the head of government and 
leader of the party, said re-' 
cently that party officials had 
been guilty of serious short- 
comings and committed mis- 
takes in economic leadership. 

“The country's latent poten- 
tial as well as the great assist- 
ance of the Soviet Union — 
have been seriously squander- 
ed H face the danger of being 
gradually exhausted," he said. 

Mr Le Due Tho, the silver- 
haired negotiator of the Paris 
peace accord, was equally 
outspoken in the party’s 
monthly review, accusing 
party cadres of “corruption, 
bribery, <wm ggling and amass- 
ing riches”. 

But the congress, the erst 
since 1 982, is about more than 
merely the economy, import- 
ant though it is as an indicat- 
or. Vietnam today finds itself 
with little to show for the past 
decfria, either in economic or 
political terms. 

The revolutionary heroes 
who turned back the French 
and the Americans are now 
old men who can now longer 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

provide the kind of charismat- 
ic leadership die country 

With Le Duan, the long- 
serving party leader, gone last 
summer, there are lew men at 
the top with sufficient pres- 
ence to carry die country for- 
ward economically or politic- 
ally. The recent attempt to 
make the exchange rate of the 
dong more realistic has back- 

relieve some of the burden on 

The presence of Vietnamese 
forces in Phnom Penh is not 
only expensive since, the 
Soviet Union has to under- 
write all the military costs, but 
does not improve Vietnam’s 
standing in the non-aligned 
movement and much of the 
Third World. 

While relations between the 

UUUa mint, turnouv mu uav* ww i — 

fired badly with inflation once Soviet Union and China have 
A gain r unning out of control in mdred foiwa^ theCambodia 

an already moribund econo- 

Even an attempt to remove 
subsidies had to be rolled back 

Mr Truong Chinh: Officials 
made economic errors. 

when the military and bureau- 
cracy complained. 

The Gorbachov era has well 
and truly arrived in Asia and 
Vietnam and its leaders find 
themselves out of step. Their 
occupation of Cambodia is no 
longer a particular feather in 
the communist cap. 

It prevents economic aid 
and improved relations with 
not only Japan, which already 
has a number of trading com- 
panies poised for more busi- 
ness in Hanoi, but with other 
regional powers, which would 

question blocks real change in 
the frosty relations between 
Peking and Hanoi. 

Total Soviet aid to Vietnam 
has been estimated at a mil- 
lion dollars a day. The Rus- 
sians, too, have been unhappy 
with a system that was so inef- 
ficient that sometimes thdr 
equipment lay rusting in 
crates for months 

Reform and regeneration of 
the leadership have been dis- 
cussed for years but each time 
real change has been elusive, 
not necessarily for Lack of 
ideas, but because of the rigid 
party ideology, structure and 
factional infighting. 

Mr Chinh has been cam- 
paigning bard to become the 
true heir of Le Duan, but there 
are other potential successors 
who migh t bring fresher ideas. 
Among other senior cadres 
seen as potential party and 
government leaders are two 
men seen as pnwefonn, Mr 
Nguyen Van Linh, and a 
former head of the party in Ho 
Chi Minh City, Mr Vo Van 
Kiet, whose elevation would 
mean a significant shift, since 
no southerner has reached the 
upper levels of the party since 
the end of the Vietnam war. 

Another outrider is General 
Vo Nguyen Giap, the victor of 
the war against the French, 
who has been out of the Polit- 
buro since 1982 but is thought 
to have charisma and popular- 
ity among the army 

Atrocities inquiry 
opens in Kampala 

From Onr Correspondent, Nairobi 
A five-man human rights been pressing for 

atrocities and other human 
rights violations committed in 
Uganda between indepen- 
dence in 1962 and January 
this year, when President 
Museveni assumed power, has 
opened hearings in the Ugan- 
dan capital Kampala. 

Ugandans have been in- 
vited to give evidence of their 
personal experiences, or what 
they know about any abuses of 
human rights in the last 24 
years, including the Moody 
regime of Idi Amin and the 
two periods when Milton 
Obote ruled Uganda. 

Investigations are likely to 
last for some time and the 
members of the commission, 
which is headed by a Ugandan 
judge, will tour the country 
seeking evidence. The com- 
mission will pass the evidence 
to Uganda's Attorney-General 
to consider whether prosecu- 
tions should foUow. 

If any of the leaders, now in 
exile, who ruled Uganda dur- 
ing that period are found to be 
directly implicated in such 
human rights abuses, efforts 
will be made to have them 
extradited to foce trial in 

Evidence about human 
-ights violations allegedly 
xraunitted by Mr Museveni’s 
ibices since he assumed power 
ast January, especially during 
be campaign against anti- 
'ovemment rebels in northern 
Uganda, will be sent “through 
jther channels” for inves- 

Some Ugandans who have 

r such an 

inquir y Haim that Uganda's 
notorious record of human 
rights abuses is second only to 

• IMF HOPES: Optimism 
was growing in Whitehall 
yesterday that Uganda's gov- 
ernment may be about to 
overcome its suspicion of the 
International Monetary Fund 
(Andrew McEwen writes). 

British diplomacy has fo- 
cused on this goal, seen as the 
essential first step towards 
restoring the former pro- 
tectorate’s shattered economy. 

Mis Lynda Chalker, min- 
ister of state at the Foreign 
Office, made ita key objective 
of her talks with President 
Yoweri Museveni last week- 
end. She set out to persuade 
him to keep talking to IMF 
officials, whose advice he has 
so for kept at arms length. 

“The discussions with the 
IMF have obviously worried 
them very greatly. I under- 
stand that, because they have 
170 per cent inflation and they 
want to do what is right by 
Ugandans. But we had hours 
o (talks and I hope I have 
convinced them that the dis- 
cussions should continue,” 
she said. 

The IMF has advised 
Uganda to allow market forces 
and realistic, flexible exchange 

rates to set prices of its main 
export, coffee. 

Mrs Chaucer’s hope is that 
talks will lead to an IMF bill of 
approval, enabling Uganda to 
become eligible for IMF aid, 
Paris Gub debt rescheduling 
and British export credits. 




From Keith Dalton 

Philippines defence and 
‘military chiefs yesterday ac- 
cused communist rebels, who 
on Thursday marched heavily 
armed into a town near Ma- 
nila, of violating the three- 
day-old ceasefire. 

“It is very dear the other 
side is violating the agree- 
ment,” Mr Kafed Deto, the 
Defence Minister, told foreign 
business leaders. 

General Fidd Ramos, the 
armed forces chief, said that 
he would not allow a repeti- 
tion or “we will just have to 
take action the way it is spell- 
ed out in the ceasefire and 
safety agreements’’. 

The November 27 accord 
grants only 50 rebels, directly 
connected with the peace 
talks, the right to bear arms. 
Any New People’s Anny guer- 
rillas carrying guns in “popul- 
ate areas” can be disarmed, 
according to the military. 

But defending Thursday’s 
deployment of about 80 fully- 
arraed rebels in Samal, 20 
miles west ofManila, left-wing 
officials said they controlled 
the town and the rebels had 
not violated the accord be- 
cause no formal agreement 
existed on what constituted 
“populated areas". 

The rebels' show of force, as 
well as three deaths, have plac- 
ed early strains on the first 
truce in the 17-year war. 

Government television said 
a civilian wiililiaman was 
killed and two others kid- 
napped on Thursday by sus- 
pected communist rebels in 
the northern province of 

Rebels also were blamed for 
killing another militiaman the 
same day in the southern 
province of Davao del Sur in 
order to steal his rifle. 


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And by booking before January 31st 1987 
you can join any of these sailings at this yea A price 
An Air-Sea package (QE2 one way. British 
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Send tor full details now. Contact Cunard 
at 3CA Pall Mall. London SWIY 5LS. call the 
number below or see your travel agent 

01-491 3930 

A member of tbeTm falgw House C roup. 

Z j liYIJUJ onr* a t 

How South Afric a’s press enr bs are working 




From Michael Hornsby 

“Shall we put sport on tire 
front page today V gripped 

Mr WHf 

editor of tire Pretoria Nein, 
yesterday at the 7.20 am edi- 
torial conference of the South 
African capital’s evening 

“We are feeling onr way, 
stumbling in the dark,” Mr 
Nussey told his colleagues. “I 
can't give yda any exact gride- 
fines, bst hi general we want to 
aw®M so fo 

info rmation for cleara nc e as 

their basic reaction will be to 


Mr Nussey was_ describing 
the uncertain terrain in which 
newspapers ami foreign cor- 
respondents here find them- 
selves after the imposition of 
sweeping new press controls 
on Thursday as part of the 
state of emergency which has 
been in force since Jane 12. 

The Sooth A frican p ress is 
now subject to severe censor-, 
ship, but it is censorship of a 
rather peculiar kind. The 
opinion of the censors about 
the legality or otherwise of a 
particular article is no more 
valid than that of the journal- 
ist who wrote it Only tire 
coarts can give a final verdict 

The experience so far is that 
the officials at the Inter- 
Departmental Press Liaison 
Centre, which has been set op 
in toe Pretoria offices of the 
Boreas for Information to 
handle press queries, are 
po t ting tire most restrictive 
possible interpretation on the 
new regulations. 

On Thursday, for example, 
Reuters uewsagency was toU 
for the centre to delete certain 
pawagM of a report which 
simply quoted leading articles 
criticising the new press mea- 
sures which had already ap- 
peared in South African news- 
papers. Yesterday Renters did 
not bother to submit its round- 
up of press c omm ent for 

In the late editions of 
Thursday’s Pretoria News, Mr 
Nnssey omitted his own strong 
front-page editorial comment 
and other local and foreign 
criticism of Pretoria, mdndiag 
parts ©fa leading article in The 
runes, which had been carried 
in earlier editions. 

After consulting with the 

‘Should you intend 
discussing any of the 
following topics: 

• Security force action • 

• • Boycotts 

• The treatment of detainees 

• The release of any detainee 

• ‘People's courts* 

• Street committees 

Simply phone these 
numbers to ask for 

Mr Anton 

which yesterday 
paper’s lawyer yesterday mor- 
ning, Mr Nnssey said he now 
be lie ved he had “over-re- 
acted” and that most of the 
omitted niatter coaid, in fact, 
have stayed in tire paper. “Onr 
legal advice is that criticsin of 
the Government, even vehe- 
ment aitirism, is still permiss- 

Thai view seemed to be 

reflected in widespread critical 

Johannesburg (Reuter) — 
The British-born Professor 
Phil Bonner, a leading 
authority on South Africa's 
labour history, who was or- 
dered deported last week, was 
freed from detention yes- 
terday and his deportation 
order revoked. He had been 
allowed to make “personal 
repr esentations”- 

press comment yesterday. 
Even The Citizen, a conser- 
vative paper which usually 
supports the Government, con- 
demned the near-blanket ban 
on reporting of political and 
social dissent, saying: “The 
lamps of press freedom have 
gone out in Sooth Africa.” 

An early story which the 
Pretoria Ne m bad to deride 
how to handle yesterday was a 
report that a witness to the 
recent killing of Dr Fabian 
Ribeiro, a black political ac- 

tivist in tire Mamekxti town- 
ship outside Pretoria, had 
been shot dead by a masked 

It was decided that this 
could be treated as a straight 
“crime story” and did not 
come under the heading of un- 
rest, which requires clearance. 
The paper also repeated, sep- 
arately, tire murder of a white 
pdficeman, but not suspicions 
rtwf the inddent might have 
been linked to the Ribeiro 

Meanwhile, Johannes- 
burg's evening newspaper. The 
Star, said in its early edition 
yesterday that it had submit- 
ted 28 reports for approval and 
had beeen refused permission 
to publish six of them. 

The Weekly Mad, an out- 
spoken liberal weekly, carried 
a large notice In a red border 
on its front page listing tire 
telephone numbers of Presi- 
dent Botha and his Cahftirt 
ministers, and advising its 
readers to contact them ff tire 
wanted information about: sec- 
urity force action, boycotss, 
the treatment of detainees, the 
release of any detainee, 
people's courts or township 
street committees. 

All these are taboo subjects 
under the emergency regu- 

held as 

From Ray Kennedy 

South African security for- 
ces have detained two Swiss 
citizens suspected of working 
for the outlawed African Na- 
tional Congress, Mr R.F. 
Botha, the Foreign Minister, 
announced in Pretoria 

His statement came after 
reports of a series of raids for 
groups of armed men in 
Mbabane, capital of Swazi- 
land, in which four people 
were abducted and a boy, aged 
15, was shot dead. 

Although Mr Botha did not 
name the two Swiss or say 
how they had been captured, 
sources in Mbabane identified 
them as Daniel Schneider, 29, 
and his girlfriend. Miss Co- 
rinne Bishoff, 25. 

It was reported they were 
abducted by two blades and a 
white who burst into their 
home near a golf course in 
Mbabane early yesterday and 
drove them off m a car with a 
South African registration. 

Vienna - Budapest's saxs 
J,™ have !*»» 


Russian soldiers (Rictara 
Bassett writes). 

Mr Sandor Lukacsi, a 5-* 
year-old cab driver was con- 
fronted by the two aher they 
had broken out of their bar 
racks and woimded an 1JJ; 
k eep er who refused to serve 
them drink. 

The soldiers commandeer- 
ed Mr Lukacsi’s car, beat him 
unconscious before stripping 
him naked and throwing his 
body into the Danube. 

Blast victim 

Zarauz (Reuter) - Se°°ra 
Leticia Iturain had her hands 
blown off by a bomb at the 
French car showroom sue 
owns in this northern Basque 
town, police said- 

Police accused 

Brussels (Reuter) - A 
policeman aged 3 j has been 
accused of robbing an Ander- 
lecbt bank of £2.800 and 
wounding a man who tried to 
free a woman hostage. 

Matchless tax 

Paris (Reuter) - The French 
Government plans jo tax 
matches and cigarette lighters 
as part of an attempt lo 
combat thousands of forest 
fires that devastate the south 
of France each summer. 

Cripple freed 

West Berlin (Reuter) - 
Wolfgang Antes, 42, a para- 
lysed former West Berlin of- 
ficial sentenced to five years’ 
Jail for accepting £103.000 tn 
bribes from city building mag- 
nates, was released because of 
his disability. 

Going home 

Rome (Reuter) — Up to 
5,000 prisoners could be home 
for Christmas after the Italian 
Parliament approved an am- 
nesty marking the 40th 
anniversary of the founding of 
the Italian republic. 

Plotters out 

Madrid (Reuter) — Two 
former Spanish army colonels, 
Luis Munoz Gutierrez and 
Jose Crespo Cuspinera, jailed 
for 12 years for plotting a coup 
to prevent the Socialists’ elec- 
tion victory in 1982, have 
been released, military sources 

Prison chief jailed 

Murderer paid his way out 

When Alfredo Rios __ 
eana, a bank robber and killer 
known as Mexico’s public 
enemy number one, escaped 
from prison November 22, be 
gave the prison director 70 
million pesos (£54,050) to 
look the other way, five 
recaptured convicts testified 
this week. 

The prison director, Sal- 
vador Lopez Calderon, is now 
l an gui s hin g behind the bars of 
Mexico City’s southern peni- 
tentiary, which he used to run. 

Rios Galeana escaped with 
i 3 members of his gang but, in 
his flight left beind the five 
men later recaptured. 

The group walked out of the 
prison and got into cars 
waiting outside. A prison 
guard bas also been arrested 
for taking 150,000 pesos 
(£115) to allow weapons to be 
smuggled into the peni- 

The bank robber began his 
criminal career in 1978 when 
he was a police commander in 
the state of Mexico. He was 
the crack shot of the Mexico 
State Radio Patrol battalion 
and trained in unarmed com- 
bat and the use of explosives, 
having been and army ser- 

From Alan Robinson, Mexico City 
Gal- geant before joining the police vealed 

The battalion, known as 
Barapem, was disbanded after 
Rios Galeana was discovered 
to be a bank robber. He 
disappeared and was not 
caught until 1981, when he 
promptly escaped from a 
prison in the state of Hidalgo. 

Between then and his re- 
capture two months ago, the 
police believe he robbed about 
20 banks. 

Former Barapem members 
are worried that more of their 
erstwhile companions have 
turned to crime. “Rios 
Galeana was not the hardest 
man around”, one said. 

They believe that the bank 
robber will not be taken alive. 

“Even if he surrenders, they 
will shoot him down. He took 
the training and the weapons 
and turned them on the people 
that put him at the top. The 
police won’t forget that.” 

The five recaptured con- 
victs are bitterly denouncing 
their former leader for 
“deserting us”. They say: “If 
the police don’t kill him, we 

• Meanwhile, the affair of the 
prison director has again re- 

the corruption en- 
demic to the Mexican prison 

Wealthy prisoners occupy 
suites of several cells, hixun- 
ously furnished, and have 
gourmet meals brought in. 

Former Mexico City police 
chief Arturo Durazo, on trial 
for extortion and arms 
stockpiling, has designed his 
quarters with the opulence be 
employed in building his giant 
mansion, known as “the 
Parthenon,” in the coastal 
resort ofZihuatanejo. 

Prisoners with means can 
buy 24-hour “conjugal visits” 
Poorer prisoners often stay in 
jail for years without trial, 
although criminal trials 
should be over and done with 
in the space of a year accord- 
ing to Mexican law. 

Rios Galeana certainly has 
the money to live well in 
prison, but most doubt he will 
live at all if captured. In the 
four days that followed his 
recent escape, two large Mex- 
ico City banks were robbed. 

Police say they doubt he was 
responsible, but citizens — 
many of whom see him as a 
modern Robin Hood — be- 
lieve otherwise. 

‘Irreproachable 9 couple in Swiss net 

From Alan Mcgregor 

“Herr and Fran Hfibner” 
who lived “a quiet and ir- 
reproachable existence” for 23 
years in their Lncerne subur- 
ban house while receiving 
instructions by radio from 
Moscow, have received six- 
year sentences for spying. 

The couple, pictured right 
leaving a court in Loceme 
curing their trial, had West 
German passports in the name 
of Hflbner. Bat they were in 
fact Czech-born Vladislav 
Karmazin, aged 65, and Rose- 
marie Mailer, both East Go- 
man nationals. 

The Lucerne Criminal Cou- 
rt was told they had set up 15 
dead-letter boxes in the woods 
around Lucerne from which 
material was collected by four 
“liaison offices”, apparently 
an unidentified diplomat who 
has left tiie country. 

The signs used to indicate 
which box was to be emptied 
were “a banana skin in sum- 
mer and an empty soap- 
powder box in winter”. The 
that a box should be 
visited was an empty cigarette 
packet left in a nearby tele- 
phone kiosk — the brand to he 
used indicated beforehand in a 
radio message from Moscow.. 

The comt found them guilty 
of military, economic _ and 
political espionage in Switzer- 
land and afco of pissing on to 
Moscow information obtained 
in West Germany. It was told 
Htar their mam contact there 
was Margarethe HOke, also an 

ad infil- 
trated the President’s office in 

She ami the 

arrested on August 25 last 
year in simultaneous opera- 
tions by West German and 
Swiss counteMntelligaice. 


go back 
in triumph 

From Diana Geddes 

Barely three weeks after it 
afl began, and just four days 
after the Government's 
capitulation, French students 
have voted to call off their 
strike, go back to their classes, 
and disband their national co- 
ordinating committee. 

Providing further proof of 
their maturity and good sense, 
the 350 delegates on the co- 
ordinating committee decided 

after more than eight hours’ 
debate, not to extend their 

aim — the withdrawal of the 
Government’s university re- 
form BilL 

“The dissolution of the co- 
ordinating committee is the 
symbofor our victory. It’s a 
fantastic way of codring a 
snook at the Government,” a 
student explained. 

Meanwhile, a few students 
have-decided to set up a study 
group, dubbed the "malifre 
grise ” (gray matter) to reflect 
on the future organization and 
financing of the universities. 

Free pill urged for 
teenagers in US 

From Christopher Thomas, New York 

A high-level study into teen- 
age pregnancy in America has 
conducted that contraceptives 
should be distributed free or at 
low cost to teenagers. It 
recommends that teenagers 
should be encouraged to seek 
parental consent fin* abor- 

The National Research 
Council, a congressiomlly 
chartered body that comes 
under the aepjs of the National 
Academy ofSdences, said the 
birth control pill was the 
“safest and most effective” 
contraceptive for teenagers. It 
proposed “aggressive public 
education to dispel myths 
about health risks for young 
women” on the pill. 

It backed an extension of 
trials, of school-based contra- 
ceptive clinics. It advocated 
that condoms should be 
widely distributed in places 
where teenage boys congregate 
and that new methods for 
distributing the pill should be 

The report, the result of a 
two-year study by a panel of 
15 physicians, social scientists 
and public health experts, 
urged schools to give preg- 
nancy prevention the “highest 
priority”. While the issue of 
teenage sex might arouse 
“many deep-seated emotions 
and convictions”, it said that 
aggressive methods were 
needed to cope with a problem 
that was not responding 

One million American teen- 
agers get pregnant each year, 
almost half of whom give 
birth. A 1 5-year-old American 

girl is at least five times more 
likely to give birth than her 
foreign contemporary because 
of the lack of a coherent policy 
on the issue, the report staled. 

The idea of school-based 
clinics has already aroused 
intense controversy in New 
York and elsewhere. For the 
past two years teenagers in 
New York City schools have 
been able to get prescriptions 
for contraceptives from school 
clinics without parental con- 
sent or knowledge. The 
scheme was recently extended 
for another six months, de- 
spite fierce parental protests 

Mr William Bennett, the 
Education Secretary, con- 
demned the new report. “This 
is not the first time a pres- 
tigious-sounding group has 
advocated a dumb policy that 
will damage our schools and 
our children,” he said. “I wish 
H had more wisdom and 
common sense.” He said 
school-based clinics would 
encourage teenagers to be- 
come sexually active. 

The report. Risking The 
Future: Adolescent Sexuality, 
Pregnancy and Childbearing, 
noted that teenage parents 
suffered severely-limited ca- 
reer opportunities and were 
more likely to become depen- 
dent on welfare. 

The National Abortion 
Federation praised the report, 
saying that teenagers had the 
greatest difficulty in obtaining 
abortions because of parental 
consent and notification re- 
quirements that varied from 
state to state. 

Russia and Iran agree 
to co-operate on gas 

Tehran (Renter) — The head 
of a Soviet delegation which 
held three days- of economic 
talks in Iran said the two 
countries had reached some 
agreements on natural gas co- 
operation, Tehran Radio re- 
ported yesterday. 

Mr Konstantin Kaxuchev, 
bead of the Soviet Stale 
Committee for Foreign Eco- 
nomic Relations, told the 
radio that agreements on 
some items in the field of 
natural gas co-operation were 
included in a protocol signed 
on Thursday. He did not 

Iran stopped exporting gas 
to its northern neighbour in 
1980 when Moscow rejected a 
price increase demanded by 
Tehran, but die two countries 
tiffin talks this year about the 

possibility of resuming supp- 

Mr Hossein Kazempour 
Ardebili, the deputy I ranian 
oil minister, said last month 
that Iran hoped the gas would 
start to flow by mid-1987 
although no price had yet been 

. Mr Katuchev said “solu- 
tions satisfactory to both 
sictes” were reached at the 
folks, a session of the Standing 
Committee for Economic Co- 
operation between Iran and 
the Soviet Union, which had 
not met for six years. 

In addition to steel produc- 
tion, power generation, water 
projects and transport, Mr 
Katuchev mentioned petro- 
chemicals as a new area of co- 
operation to be followed up in 
future contacts. 

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JhP^I u 9 


December 13-19 


A weekly guide 
to leisure, entertainment 
and the arts 

It’s the way they write them 

The one about the 
comedy writer 
and the comic is 
no joke, as 
Bryan Appley ard 

Graham WMd 

B arry Ciyer is speak- 
ing during a break in 
rehearsals for Russ 
Abbott’s Christmas 
show. “We are 
tad^” he says. A happy, 
glazed look comes over the 
race of his partner Neil Stand, 
a sure sign that a gag is coming 

“This pun for hire,” mur- 
murs ShancL Over guffaws. 

the quip.** 

Comedy is a small world. 
Almost all variety show gags 
are turned out by a tiny 
freemasonry of perhaps eight 
men, usually working alone, 
sometimes in partnership. 
With Christmas round the 
comer, this cottage industry is 
working double time to fill the 
demand for one-liners, 
sketches and jolly mini- 

This little Brotherhood ex- 
ists to feed the voracious 
appetite of television. Broad- 
cast comedy and variety 
shows consume material at a 
terrifying rate. Where once 
Max Miller could keep the 
same 20-minute spot going for 
18 months around the theatri- 
cal circuit, now gag-writers see 
ten times that amount vanish 
in a weekend’s viewing. So the 
primary qualification for ad- 
mission to the Brotherhood of 
gagsters is an ability to im- 
provise endlessly, and quickly, 
on the handful of basic 

The key trick is to be 
unafraid of the btindingly 
familiar , For Russ Abbott, for 
example, Cryer and Shand 
had put together a mini Sher- 
lock Holmes panto. The 
character of Baskerville was 
played by a leggy lady in tights 
and high beds. The script had 
Abbott/Holmes muttering to 
Watson: “Are you sure 
Baskerville’s a man?” In re- 
hearsal, Cryer honed this to a 
desperately whispered: “I 
think I'm beginning to fancy 
Baskerville.” A small dimen- 
sion of gay innuendo was 
added and the gag was. as they 
say in the trade, “pointed”. 

It’s not great wit but it was 
on time and it slotted effort- 
lessly into the Abbott rhythm. 
And above all, it works, just as 
it did 20 or even 50 years ago, 
evoking a few gruff guffaws 
from the usually unamused 
studio technicians. The truth 
is that in comedy there is 
nothing new under the sun. 
Or, as Shand puts h, “Woody 
Allen can substitute a psychi- 

Oncea pun a time oa foe box: comedian Kenny Everett plays it far laughs and passes up the lim e light in favom- of NeB Stand (centre) and Barry Cryer, two long-serving, brothers erf the Esht stuff 

atrist for his mother-in-law, 
but it’s the same gag.” 

The inner gag-writing ring 
are all hacks of a certain age. 
Most are in their fifties and 
share a common heritage of 
theatrical variety, cabaret and 
radio. Their cultural roots are 
in Max Miller, Take it from 
Here , Much Binding in the 
Marsh and Danny La Rue. In 
the Sixties they lurched un- 
certainly into television. Then- 
stepping stone was The Frost 
Report, the first show to 
feature in its credits lengthy 
lists of writers. At that .xiint, 
of course, they were the avant- 
garde, fearless satirists hell- 
bent on overturning the cosy 
world of show-biz. 

Frank Muir, regarded along 
with Denis Nordeu as one of 

the elders of the profession, 
recalls: “Before the war com- 
edy writers amply did not 
exist In those days Ted Ray 
might be appearing at the 
Palladium. Just before die 
show a taxi driver would pull 
up at the stage door and afier 
Ray a sheet of jokes. He would 
be given a pound and a park 
pie in retum." 

But during die war a star 
was bom in the form of Ted 
Kavanagh, who made his 
name as a writer for the radio 
show JTMA. The writer had at 
last made it on to the credits. 
For die first time a show was 
regarded as a writer’s success. 
Subsequently the demand 
came from radio, which began 

start with a subject-heading 
and work from there. So 
Blackburn may urgently re- 
quire material for the LWT 
show Copycats. He wiS ring 
up Spike Mullins, one of the 
Brotherhood, and ask for, say. 

est-rating variety show ever — 
an M and W Christmas show 
which drew 27 million 

Braben’s scripts e m erge d 
from his monk-free seclusion 
in Liverpool. He refused to 

The industry’s problem is a guffaw, they encapsulate a 
that it is difficult to be sure timeless view of the world. 

six one-liners on the subject of visit the recording studios and 
Joan Collins. Next morning always resisted aDy attempt to 

they will arrive to be delivered 
as if off the top of the head by 
one of the stars. 

Speed and reliability is of 
the essence. Mullins does not 
respond by saying he is feehng 
a touch depressed and, indeed, 
Blackburn himself speaks 
proudly of the time he rushed 
back from his father’s funeral 
to knock offascript for Timmy 

/s lAsomT'** 

Tarbuck while his guests con- 
qBanmy sumed the baked meats down- 

stairs His latest feat has been 
* four-minute sketch for the 
Cannon & Bali Christmas 
show in the 35-minute train 

SaS. as feasf i " rad “ 

became produced as complete 
entities rather than randomly 
assembled turns, and writers 
had to be hired. 


r than randomly Blackburn’s acceleration 
bus, writers was unproved during the 
ed. seven years he spent working 

^ • i - , in America, where he used to 
in b® pboned at two in the 
SkSTS* morning by Bob Hope asking 
S—SE for hana dozen one-liners on 

lYl^SJ^SoSA gft^iiver^atalunch 

knew until the last minute “enextoay. 
what precisely was going into But perhaps the best-known 
the show, the endkssHst of writer the industry has pro- 
writers’ audits was born: it duced is Eddie Braben. Singte- 
was easier than working out handed, he wrote 250 shows 
precisely who had wri tten fer Morecambe and Wise in 
what each week. 16 years, including the high- 


late bottled 



OCC^S' 0 ^ 

graham 5 
laftifW vm 



what each week. 16 years, inducting the 

Meanwhile, being hell-bent 
on over turn ing anything was 
proving to be a chancy 
method of subscribing to the 
pension scheme and, as 
fearlessness went out of fash- 
ion, the fastest and most 
reliable of the survivors went 
on to produce more tuneless 
, material for the likes of More- 
i cam be and Wise, the Two l 
Ronnies, Gannon and Ball, a caczk of lambs 
little and Large and Mike c_00 ~ ^ 

Yarwood. Opinions vary about the 

These mainstr eam, high- precise composition of the 
rating comics provide the. 

rs regarded as one of the ads 

its oftbeir shows and tte same put Bs speciality Is sitcom, 
names near. And so do the rwt variety. The following, - 
gags, for these guys are dealing however, represent the 
stnctly in universals. Once core, 
topicality and satire are left c^* 

behind all that remains is foe 5E2SHS- SSnced 
human condition, and that 

means cock-ups, sex, drunks Groucho- and renowned for 
and mofoeiwn-faw. his ability to provide 

Bryan Blackburn, writer material on the spot 
and associate producer of Bi _ l/W H. nn(W , nW 
LWTs Cannon & Ball, recaBs 

best in partners. Wk* 
torai^ huge ledgers around experience than most tha 
wnh them. These would con- to his own work as a stan 
tain, in alphabetical order, up comic, 
headings of possible gag sub- 

Unda-eat* heading would be business as an Eddie 
a sen«of handy oneJmera. Braben protege. Used to i 
Thus: ^he was so bow-legged, when Braben was writing 
she could walk on both s i des for Ken Dodd, furiously m 
of the street at once.” notes and teaming the 

This practice seems to have ropes. Wrote for Bob Hop 
disappeare d as no ledger could bis English visits, 
be large enough to satisfy the charfeAddams: Along 
appetite of television. But the with Chambers, one ofttx 
principle remains intact You mainone-Tmomenandak 

draw him into the gin and 
tonic world of show business 
— “I don’t drink anyway ” 

H e admits he was for 
a time the highest- 
paid writer in 
Britain. This is un- 
usual, as every- 
body else is distinctly coy on 
the subject of money. Some- 
body mentioned foe average 
one-liner getting £25 but there 
is little doubt that once you 
arc part of the inner circle, foe 
rewards are high. 

■ But Braben says that at any 
time there are only a handful 
of people who can pot together 
a whole variety show — which 
may consume 20 ideas, as 
opposed to foe one required 
for a successful sitcom. And he 
is convinced that nobody can 
write comedy property until 
they are at least 40: “You’ve 
got to have seen everything in 
life, foe good thing s and foe 
bad things. These shows that 
have 20 writers each have to 
do that because there are so 
few people who can pot foe 
whole thing together.” Braben 
himself is 56 and, sadly, has 
not written anything this 

who will succeed these late- 
middle-aged, hardened, pro- 
fessional funsters. On the one 
hand there is a superficial 
timelessness about the ma- 
terial which suggests it will go 
on appearing from somewhere 

So Blackburn speaks nostal- 
gically of foe line from a 
Mullins monologue written 
for Ronnie Corbett about a 
relative who died at Custer’s 
last stand. He wasn’t in foe 
fight, be just went along to 

more or less forever. On foe complain about the noise, 
other it is all very obviously Meanwhile John Junkin still 

giggles about little Johnny, 
who told the teacher he had 
not written anything for foe 
farm project but he would do 
some farmyard sounds. In- 
vited to proceed, he yelled: 
“Get off that bloody tractor.” 

Well, suit yourself it’s foe 
way they tell them. 


A gaggle of laughs: Vestargh, Black ham. Muffins 

workhorse," says Muir. At Ms 
best in part n ership s . Wider 
experience than most thanks 
to his own work as a stand- 
up conic. 

Garry Chambers: Master of 
the one-liner. Entered the 
business as an Eddie 
Braben protege. Used to sit in 
when Braben was writing 
for Ken Dodd, furiously maJdng 
notes and (earning the 
ropes. Wrote tor Bob Hope on 
his English visits. 

Charlie Adrians: Along 
with Chambers, one of the 
main one-Tmemen and also 

one of Hope's witters. A 
relative newcomer who has 
only taken to writing fun time in 
the last few years. 

Bryan Blackburn: Now the 
brains behind Cannon & BaH. a 
talent honed by seven 
years in American television. 
Has always combined 
writing wffo production work 
and is now associate 
producer of the show. 

Eric Davidson: Gags wife a 
London slant "A bet Mue,” 
says^Muir, but hasafino 

and BeyondourKen. Man 
behind Mike Yarwood at his 

Nefl Shand: Exclusively 
employed by the BBC. A 
topical specialist, he th'siks 
intemrsof headfnes, largely 
because of his Fleet Street 
background. Veteran of Spice 
MiHjgan's Q5. 

SpflreMua&ts: Master of 
the monologue after his work 
for Ronnie Corbett 
"Brilliant. original-minded and 
a little eccentric,” says 

rooted in the theatrical and 
radio traditions from which 
the current writers sprang. 
Russ Abbott’s spoof panto- 
mime, for example, is based 
cm foe assumption that foe 
audience knows the panto 

From within the Brother- 
hood there are two distinct 
reactions to this problem, 
depending on the degree of 
paranoia involved. John 
Junkin, for example, who is 
currently working cm Mike 
Yarwood*s show for Thames, 
simply says be is not aware of 
the newcomers or who they 
might be. Oyer, however, 
draws paralle l s between his 
development from The Frost 
Report to Kenny Everett and 
the likely route to be taken by 
foe writers of Slatting Image 
or the perform e r s on Saturday 
Night Live. He can even 
identify toe new wave in terms 
of foe past 

“Ben Eton is a sort of 
lattenlay Arthur English with 
his line of patter. Rik Mayali is 
the new Max Wall and Ade 
Edmondson is Norman Wis- 
dom all over again,” be says. 
“And these guys are often 
gening a tougher theatrical 
training. Ben Elton does a 
two-hour spot in the theatres. 
Max Miller would never have 
done more than 25 minutes.” 

Generally, the Spitting Im- 
age team, led by John Lloyd, 
Rob Grant and Dong Naylor, 
are looked upon as foe likdiest 
successors to foe comic crown. 
But their shows still rely on 
foe jokes relentlessly sent in by 
polytechnic students slaving 
away and dreaming of great- 
ness in their digs. If every 
professional gag-writer died 
tomorrow, this steady flood 
would still allow some kind of 
show to be put together. 

T he top names as a 
whole believe that 
the new wave will 
have to snap out of 
its youthful satirical 
role and move into the main- 
stream. For foe pure, dear 
flow of popular comedy is feh 
to remain the same from one 
generation to the next It is a 
process which Muir, who is 
currently into bis sixth year of 
work on foe Oxford Book of 
Humorous Prose, believes has 
gone on for a good 500 years. 
“The surface texture 
changes," he says, “but foe 
underlying themes remain the 

The truth of this is dem- 
onstrated by the fact that if 
you ask the hacks to tell you 
their favourite jokes, they are 
not so much funny as exem- 
plary. Too familiar to provoke 


Oh come, all ye 
faithful — a 
selection of carol 
services around 
the country, p 9 

Arts Diary 






Eating Out 




13 Open 14 
13 Phan «raj*y 14 

13 Kadis 14 

14 Review 13 

13 Rods & Jazz 14 

14 Shopping 10 

11 Television 14 
11 Time! Cook 11 
14 Travel 8 

14 TV ft Radio 14 

9 TV films 14 

Silent night 

...every night 

Each and every day and night will be “silent". Can 
you just imagine a totally silent world? 

At Christmas Time there would be no carols, no 
sleigh-bells and no “Happy Christmases". Because I am 
totally deaf, thar will be my Christmas, land hundreds 
of thousands like me who are either totally or partially 
deaf urgently need your help. The RNID cares about all 
deaf people but to do much more we need you to care by 
helping us. 

we could do so much more bur that requires a great 
deal of money. 

Amongst our many services are: 

0 Residential facilities the rehahihrarmn and cate 
of deal and deaf/blind people, young and old. 

0 Advisory services on communication, education 
and employment. 

• Scientific, technical and medical research on 
deafness and rinnirus (noises in the head). 

• A specialist library and comprehensive information 

• Region* 1 development services working to improve 
community services lor deaf and Jeatftlmd people. 

0 A telephone exchange for the deaf. 

However, in order to carry our this work we desperately 
need a great deal of financial support. At this Christmas 
time, please give what vnucan to help. It you would like 
further details of our work or how to regularly support us 
through a deed of covenant please wnic to me: 

Mike Whitlam (Chief Executive) 


Room TT. 105 Gower Streer, London VC1 4AH. 


Edited by Shona Crawford Poole 


Blowing in tourists 

on the winds of war 

Something has gone very 
wrong in the main concourse 
of the airport It is full of 
people, hut there is hardly a 
woman in sight* nor for that 
matter anyone over 40. 

It is also peculiarly quiet, 
not just because there are very 
few announcements coming 
over the Tannoy, but because 
there is a total absence of those 
urgent airport-lounge 
conversations that blend into 
a muted clamour. There is 
only silence and moroseness, 
symptoms unusual among a 
group of travellers about to 
take a break from wintry 
En gland 

But the airport is dry, as will 
be the aeroplane. No bars, no 
duty frees, nothing. For this is 
RAF Brize Norton, and the 
des tinatio n is Mount Pleasant 
Airport in the Falkland Is- 
lands, with a refuelling stop at 
Ascension. You're in the 
Army now. 

Aboard the RAF TriStar, 
the young soldiers remain 
utterly silent, as if in some 
shared bereavement; no 
sooner have they snapped on 
their seatbelts than they start 

co mmuning with their fat 
paperbacks — Deighton, Hig- 
gins, Wilbur Smith. No 
stewardess, no pilot's 
blandishments through the 
intercom; instead, a no-non- 
sense loadmaster who appears 
in the cabin and barks: "There 
will be two films: FX and 
Police Academy Three , on 
which you win be briefed 

Eight hours later we touch 
down in the small hours at 
Ascension Island, where we 
are confined for 90 minutes in 
a wire compound; nothing to 
do except listen to the listless 
talk of the American troops 
stationed here, and watch the 
dawn flash up like li ghtning 
behind the barrier of hills on 
die east of the tiny spot, hills 
toxic with gadgetry — masts 
and lights and saucers and 
stranger shapes. 

Eight more hours to Mount 
Pleasant. This really is a swine 
of a journey, and recalls all 
those long vertical maps of 
May 1982, with their scales, 
and arrows, and projections of 
the Task Force's progress. I 
came here with the intention 
of writing about anything save 

With the Argentinians swept from its 
shores, the Falklands is preparing for 
new invaders — package holidaymakers. 
Alan Franks writes from the battlefront 

the war; but to malm no 
mention of it would not only 
be difficult, but verging on the 
dishonest, for had it not been 
for General Galtieri's attempt 
at hegemony four-and-a-half 
years ago, I would not be here 
this week The JRAFs single- 
plane shuttle between Bnze 
Norton and Mount Pleasant 
has a monopoly on access to 
the Falklands, and they are 
now admitting tourists to the 
flight — at a price. 

One of the very reasons the 
Falklands are offering them- 
selves as a holiday destination 
is the late conflict; call it 
morbidity if you will, or 
premature nostalgia, but the 
British can always be relied 
upon to savour the rubble of 
their own military actions. 
There are rich pickings here. 

I am writing from the large 
guest house in Port Howard 
on West Falklands, one of 
those tiny scatters of homes 
which acquired such mock- 
heroic and overnight feme 
during the Argentine 

It seems more adamantly 

Fn gtish than En gland by vir- 
tue of its very distance. The 
hall panels have a walnut 
veneer, on which hang heavy 
bold fire extinguishers and a 
display case of polished tan- 
kards. Up in the attic stands 
an old HMV radiogram which 

opens from the top, a pile of 
dusty company ledgers, and a 
stack of Huntley & Palmers 
biscuit tins. 

The bedrooms have bright 
Persian carpets set down over 
slightly bubbly green lino; the 
beds have headboards, and the 
stairs have stair-rods. Down 
in the drawing room the 
World Service is speaking 
soberly from the radio, with 
its distinctive hollow signal. 
Then on comes the signature 

‘An internal 
vastness of 
rugged hills’ 

tune of Housewives Choice 
from the local station in 
Stanley. The pins on the plug 
are round and the books on 
the shelves are mostly from 
Bladde, the Children's Press 
or World Books, usually cost- 
ing 16 shinriig t 

From the next room come 
the strains of an incredibly 
out-of-tune upright, going 
through what seems to be the 
entire repertoire of the News 
Chronicle Songbook. For all 
the world we are back in 
another post-war island. 

Except for a couple of 
important things: there is peal 
smouldering in the fire grate. 

and up to my left on the flock 
wallpaper hangs a peculiar 
object - three long strands of 
twined leather, each one at- 
tached toa weight the se» of a 
cricket ball. This is a 
boleodoros, a device devel- 
oped by the gauchos of Argen- 
tina to throw at horses’ feet 
and bring the creatures down. 

The surprises do not end 
here; outside on the grass lies 
the mutilated corpse of a 
Mirage fighter, plus two rust- 
ing 105mm field guns, as if 
gnarrtfng the titt le hut behind 
them. On the door of this is a 
notice saying War Museum; as 
you enter, the first thing that 
shrikes you is another sign, tins 
one reading Puerto Yapeyu, 
which was Port Howard's 
enforced change of name for 
those two months of 1982. 

I arrived in the Falklands a 
week ago and, haying been 
astounded at the size of the 
new airport, took the modi 
improved road that runs the 
40 miles east to the capital. 
Port Stanley. For all the 
traumas of the 1982 war, it has 
brought nothing but good to 
the islands’ infrastructure. 

En route, I passed quite 
large areas enclosed by barbed 
wire, some five or six acres in 
size, which at first glance 
seemed to be plots for planta- 
tion. That would mate sense; 
since the islands are as treeless 
as Shetland. As I came closer, 

I noticed livid red hoardings 
overlaid with a skull and 
crossbones, and the words: 
"Keep Out. Unexploded 

Stanley itself is much as it 
was during the war, and there 
is not a great deal more to be 
about it The main dif- 
ference is that it is now 
reverting last to a de- 
militarized zone as the last 
troops decamp from their 
floating accommodation, or 
“coastels” to the Mount 
Pleasant garrison. 

My last sight of it was at the 
Town Hall late on Saturday 
night, tite scrag end ofa dance. 

I'f'jS*-*' 5 * 


' r 

■ ■. l:: ■ >■■. *< >. 


Tower of strength: Hie Cathedral at Port Stanley with Ms giant whale jawbone,: 

stark contrast to the town’s wooden booses 

Three couples were swaying 
around the large empty floor 


around the large empty floor 
to the sound of an unaxnpli- 
fied guitar, and a group of 
soldiers were sitting drinking 
beer at the comer table, with 
forelocks pulled hard down 
across their foreheads to com- 

pensate for the shortness of 
back and sides. 

The following day, before 
taking a plane out to tire 
remote Sea Lion Island way 
off to the south, I just bad time 
to visit Bluff Cove and a 
fiercely independent compa- 
triot called Kevin Kflmaran 
on his 30,000 acres. During 
tire hostilities he bad helped 
out 2 Para by ferrying ammu- 
nition, linear foe, an his 
tractor to their positions. 

This is fine country for 
serious walkers, or yompers, 
although the very best part of 
the islands for such things is a 
straight, ywfldgn range of hills 
railed Wickham Heights, 
which bisects East Falklands 
from Mount Challenger, 10 
miles west of Stanley, to 
Mount Usboroe, a similar 
distance north of Darwin. 

From the window of the 
tiny Tslawwter plane, the Falk- 
lands become, far from the 
dot-on-the-seascape they were 
depicted as early in the war, a 
country with its own internal 
vastness of rugged and 
blanketed peat 

The Islander feds as if it is 
landing at a speed of zero 
knots, so strong is the 
headwind, on a field with a 
furious windsock and bits of 
corrugated iron laid down to 
mark the runway. 

On the way to the brand 
new Sea Lion Lodge hotel, you 
pass one of the loneliest 
cemeteries in the southern 
hemisphere -- a tiny rectangle 

ofblue palings, protected from 
the sheep by an outer perim- 
eter of barbed wire. Inside is 
tire grave of Susan Whitley, a 
lover of this island, who was 
killed dtiring the Stanley 

The island is owned by 
Terry and Doreen Clifton 
who, until tire arrival of the 
new lodge, were tire sole 
inhabitants. During tire inva- 
sion they hitched a lift to 
North Ann an the mainland 
with a lone Australian sailor, 
ign o rin g deterrent signals 
from "a huge *irip with four 
funnels” — clearly the 
Belgrarto. They tell tire story 
m that dis ti nc tiv e bat rinsrve 

one of the classic hams, is 
playing decoy and pretending 
to have broken her wing so 

that I should chase her and not 

her new brood of young. 

Countless penguins, mostly 
gen too and rockhopper, are 
clustered in groups while the 
skuas overhead hover and 
swoop. The whole scene is a 
cross between Dunkirk and 
the aftermath of a reunion 
Hinnw at White’s — little 
cfaaps sta g g ering about help- 
lessly in their DJs. The skuas 
are after the penguins* eggs, 
and there seems no way they 
will be denied them; the 
hwhalance between the mili- 

what it is to those many 
Falkhtaders who have never 
set foot outside the is lands . It 
is rich in a plant life peculiar 
to the Falklands (pale maiden, 
silver leaf, ranunculus, bal- 
sam-bog, tea berry, and many 
more); the plants and flowe rs 
often make a successful transi- 
tion to English soil. 

Tonight I return to tire 
human animal kingdom. 

drinking with the new gov- 
ernor, Gordon Jewkes, at the 
Upland Goose, Stanley's Sa- 
voy; *h*n it's back to Mount 
Flotsam for tire dry flight, tire 
two movies, and a happier 
band of soldiers. 

Memo to the RAF: At 

The sky and land 
animated bya 
thousand dramas 9 

tary capabilities of the two ™ ‘ ~ 

somehow. S ffta 

accent of tire Fafldander, 
which sounds like a hybrid of 
every colonial influence you 
can think a£ 

On Sea Lion Island tire 
animate upstage the people 
(which makes a change for the 
latterday Falklands). and I 
wish I could find a more 
original way of saying that it is 
a naturalist's paradise. At the 
narrow strand which joins tire 
island to its western penin- 
sula, the entire sky and the 
land beneath it become ani- 
mated by a thousand little 
dramas. A few yards in front 
of me, a ruddy-headed goose. 

species is hues. Yet somehow, 
every time this fearsome fly- 
ing machine (no wonder we 
name a tnisjol c after him) 
dives into their midst, one of 
th em manages to Catch him a 
nasty peck on the neck, and he 
leaves emptybeaked. 

rip flv- too much for these 

w\Je flights, particularly when you 
often have 100 empty seats on 
f the TriStar. Winning Ihe war 
h f m a is one thing. Winning cus- 
nnd he tomers is quite another. 

All the while, in the middle 

Hui aiw ^ foe s ha p es of da . 

phant seals are labouring tireir 
way towards tire tnssocks of 
pass on the higher ground — 
giant rings in a gym. The baby 
seals here put on weight at the 
rate of 2(Hbs a day, until their 
bodies are so blown up that 
their flippers cannot touch the 

From out in the Camp 
(meaning countryside, from 
the Spanish campo ), Stanley 
acquires the bustle of a 
metropolis, which is precisely 


A number of travel 
companies are offering 

Friidand Islands. Priced at 
around £2,400 for 16 days 

inclusive, these tours take in a 

island. Fufl details can be 
obtained from Steve Green. 
Falkland Island Tourism 
Information Servioe, 126 
Wetherby Road. York Y02 5BY 






The unspoilt charm of the Family Islands. 

Combine the excitement of Nassau and Freeport their 
glittering nightlife and historic interest, with a romantic break 
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Enjoy the secluded, intimate-style accommodation, walk on 
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■, $ - y- friendly atmosphere generated by your Bahamian hosts. 

> ; "V ' . You may not want to do it afl, but FROM 

its nice to know its there. m 

See vito local trawl agent or contact /A L-w Lw 

i*: The l&taius Tourist Office. / -I j LL| If 1 

•' S3 OW Bond Street. VA/ IVV 

. LomfonWIX4ro.T«]:il].&ig523& iSuNcil loaojtofcilifyi 

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Two weeks -half board (km 

Departures from Gatwick ft Manchester 



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ones A Chair* Holds 

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isyisa bp* a. wi 
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tfataiy other agency 


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• up to 60% 


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me BEST VUAS or* Hi the 
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wan vow ear. A wfcte teecOon 
or S*r Catering A Hate) accom- 
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Kent CT10 3PQ 
Telephone Thanet (0843) 65222 

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Have telephones, colour TV and bathroom en suite, 
a night accommodation including breakfast, lunch, 

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the family from £220 per person. 

AH prices include VAT_ A p r ivat e suite is 
available. Details on request For further details, our 
Christmas programme » now available. 

» wmm huctkm or 400 cot- ) . 
lagason bom coooto of corawaB 
and on Scffly. 1987 arort m re 
now available five Sfom Cor- 

OMT or M <02081 872 089- 7 


MC OF SATE. Cottage By Sea. 
mod com. *teet» «"«l unique 
Mdutfed portion. Free to n - 
oHba Mo-Junc. 02606 2397. 


LittcroRAKdPifrf. overlook! 
sea. Manta, bmeb. Wonderful 
fbhlnq 0788 822763 

1987 tartm and tntormaBai 
naefr by return: 77te Motel. Me 
of Coknsay- AiwU. PA61 7YP. 
Tel 09612 316. 







■W ZEALAND £699 


EM N YORK £275 
I FraMW EH) LAVSE £355 
Legos S330 Uarni £3M 
Namtl £325 Soppoc £43) 
JotHQ £460 Baigkdi £335 
too £205 KtaMD £440 
CWanm £335 Reon E3S0 
Hoag Ang £510 C4ola £425 
He Demob mi on la a an 

21 Swallow St London Wl 
01-449 2100/437 0637 

vCOOOkx:vmra73«sw*7«M xmr go? wr 
Dor*y . aran t reeW 
nt^Rmy jcpcco, -smS *3 

B3-i- TRA/BBAG^=:j 

>JE0v< -o* OtflOSC? 


Immurtsabon. Insuau, 
FoOgn Exctongt, 

Map! Book Sh« 


42-48 Earls Court Road 

LoraJor W8 6EJ 

Long-tteJ 01-603 ISIS 
Europe/USA 01-937 5400 

Gommmt UeeastS/BonM 


Ootaui etna 0500 *unj 6 
« bMlwootas plus 1 
ccnl «o the Golf course. 20 

SSL/SJji : 200.000 pesetas. 
Men to Frl 9 |o 18 A S te 7 : 64 
62 77 7B 12. 


- Every faculty. Superb 
o. Yet 0977 706900. 

VERSES £169 
01 Ogbe. » awn mi dtadsos bod 
(02231 311113 
AfiTA 1415X ATDL381B 


week. Fdr brodinre rtngl 
ll vwe w pesd. Ol 684 7061. ] 

JUST FRANCE Super value self 
catering tad bourns tm (be best 
Frenct, reaorta. fang lor new 

Gxnsnus m 



re 01-789 9802. 

ABTA 69286 Alol 138S. 

France and Switzerland. SAVE 
i« lo £200 for degs. On 80/27 
Dec. Ol 786 9999. 

L DEL SOL La Cats bead! 



(MSctaoTHoMcanfiMVlEloiiai ; 
sEbod. OH up MM i w fai ana 1 
owtoolBsg ompcA fafeng vfiage. , 
avert costal vails, nsm Tnm I 
aantndfnp toaugr an n reams 
'n sods', cater IV. tsa/coRu 
facMes. sMI restaurant 
■ones, menu s sateod rnsaL 
Spade Ottew B/ Heta Ye». Whm. 
Sprtg breaks. Tel (08)8) 880721. 

teib CEMiuanr ctuirdt sn* 
Cottage at Hie base of Ibe Snow- 
donia range, located bi quiM 
fishing village, wtm rack Cltinb- 
tog and toning [acuities. WBI 

CortaMy complete with all mod 
o»n. To M long or dm term 
Reply eo BOX JTB. 

TW 0977 706950. 


i*r a. club class ftjghts.- 
Muge Discounts. Sun world 

jos-rrn xo97 



Habobl, Jo'Buib. Cairo. Dobs. 
IstatoU. SrsEicre, XL DeW. 
Baratak. Hong Kong. Sy tf nay. 
Menco, Bogota. Caracas, 
Europe. & The An wtio s . 

Fkunngo Travel 

t wtUm. sleeps fi. pool VB- 
Starcb Pan July-August 
• 8S3368 ACT ATOL 231 

Fares worldwide, 

lat/eoononw. 01-387 9100 

able ttarauobooi the year. For 
trotf m r*. Tel: Howaon Homes 
Ol «38 3968. 

EXMOUT8 Hew Tear. Oxford 6 
macs, lovely cottage. OL log 

87. 086B 862906. 

STD/MEL £636 Perth £566. AO 
major c anters lo Aw/NZ. Ol- 
584 7371 ABTA. 

—■Hit Baeuoftd 5 bed 
bouse bi idyWc poslton. tags 9. 
From £360 pw. 01-462 4447. 

★ 8U Passes tac aqdp Mns 
Masons a IR paa era * 
Am* about Special Jm nnoakwm 
PPT 01-734 3004 
ATOL 2706 

tow Nw Tar. Ortrird 6 relies, i 
lovely cottage. CM- lo? (tees. 2 
bU»- sIW 8+- 0866 862908. 

goestof Esglfefe 

78 Shrtasbuy Avenue 
London WTV 70G. 
01-439 9182/01-439 7751 
Opa Saturday KL09-13JW : 



CHEAP ream Wortdwide. 
Haymanm 01-930 1366. 


LATO vacancy »*TAI»X»«A»COTTA«Einfr*e- 
fi>r2oowles MWn staan 3-day dOfit of seventy acre wooded 4r 
OstaB ta party. rtvered country estate. Free ten- 
£ 1 96 per peraon^topwr water nis, rtrUcg a iwih s Near 
faT*** 8 Han avaBaMeX Bredon Crierteth. Tel Roger & Cuban 
aiadon. re wwwy. Coed. . CbwOog ro7G6ea> 247. 
Oc^ 20 TEC. (0684) 

SaAdtalStllSBS » - Owner's detartted 

Ronay 1967. bungalo w to go iet lane. 

CtHOSTMAS to The Muvn Se» view. Tec 10222) 762966- 
Wlb.4 day progr an a i is com. 

jrerottw Ctartstmas Eve. 17th I — k. 

food, comfort and 
■oT a country house 


mho onto puie. etcem 4. tk* af- ( 
ter boon 0622 730678. 

SAT AH WALKS 7 day advantage 
bate lor aver Ifis. Phone 0633 
216681 tor tree b r oc hu re . 


bscouhteo a woiip fares 

W orto wkte. Tel U.TC lOTBSi 

01-434 0734 Juptfer Travel. 


Wbrtffwkte. Trt U TC. 1 07531 

bid secant. Tenerife 19/28/ao 
DecJY C2780P. G. Canaria 22 
Dec rr caste. Otlw dates - 

destt on neqnat. Bonanza Hair 

(0202) 298844 OSL ATOL 231. 





world wwe. 

1M/ economy. 01-387 9100 

taOWPCC O taOUNB. Regent St. 
Wl Ol 734 5307. ABTA/AIOl. 

UR u anr i i Spectsltaxs N York 
£289. LA/San Fran 8389. 
Sydney /Melbourne 8769. All 

direct dally lUgms DHtatr 130 
Jermyn strMt-Ol 839 7144 


30T24 Vantca. Sag Man 1938 
Rve moutes rah from SL «»1('a 
Square, maty cnrrto n. co sy 
atrouspbara at nutadtn prices, 

BSTAAD 2 miles, gadbded cfiaML 
Bleeps & ramtatMd anM aa r . 
wwacvlir vtewa. Fea/Mwui/ 
Agra. 8300 pw. 040 489 606. 

TAKE , 71W OFF lo Porta. Am- 
rtrtaam. BnnKte. Bruges. 
Geneva. Bmw. Lauunne. Zif 
rjen. The Hogue. Dublin. 
Ppuen. Boulogne & Dtenpe 
Time Off. 2a. t3iester Ctose. 
London, swtx TBQ 01-236 

o/w £490 rtn E78S. Auckland 

o/w £464 rtn 8 77 6 jotura 
o/w 824* rtn £486. Los Ange- 
to o/w £178 rtn £340. London 
nioht Centre 01370 6332 
USA, N/S America. Far But 
ACrtea. Airline Aprd Agt 
Trayvaie. 48 Margaret street. 
Wl. 01 680 2928 (Vtaa 


OHE CALL tor mh of the best 
deals In fugnts. apartments, ho- 
teb and car hire. T«( UmdonOi 
636 6000. Manchester 061 832 
2000 Air Travel Advisory 

CHRISTMAS In Canaries, 
Gambia ABU/MMs Of IUSMS 
only from many UK airports. 
Fourways Travel. Ol 907 0206. 

CHHSnMS In Lanzante. dwto 
lor toe puce of 2. £339. Limited 
avaJUMHly for 2 Wka £339. 
(0923)778344 Tbnsway Mon- 
days. ABTA. ATOL HOT. 

CM ay Madron. 3 do we e beds. 
baOi /sbo wer. t s cdtai cor*, 
garage. Jan 31 - M 14. Rtag 
Ol 730 6613. 


S. AFRICA From £466 Ol-SM ! 
7371 ABTA I 

LOWEST AIT Fares, Sche duled 
Europe & wortdwide. Med Star 
Travel. 01 928 3B00 

SICILY mow £138. Taonntaa 
WWs. SKUy a la Carte. Grand 
Tour. FHglu <Hdy from 889 rtn. 
ISLAND SUN 01-222 7482. 
A BTA/ ATOL 1907. 
teUilER SUN Open sot *—* 
prices to Cyprus. Malta. Moroc- 
co. Greece. Malaga & Tenerife 
Dec A Jen. Pan World Hott- 
doys. Ol 734 2862. Alto 1438 
XMAS 20/27 Dee St Summer 87. 
DHW. Canaries. Greece ms & 
nab 6 wk hots 3/1 (r £599 
Lunaraeape. 01441 0122 

XMAS, winter. Summer. Aloar- j 
ve. Tenerife, Greece. Turkey. ; 
Soato. EnvaL Sri Lanka and 1 
many man hota/fUgWj Ventth , 
ra. 0742 3S1 100. ATOL 2034. 
HAVE YOU COT Your Turkey : 
■87 brochure yet? tong TurUsn 
DeOght Hobday* now on Ol 
BV1 6501 . A lot PP 2047 
anofnmdaaon - afam 
Brtttah Airways FUgnts. Atktm 1 
0362 65704/59540 Wk/eMS. 
MWfO CXAW IU«C Holidays. 
OlgliD. beenm. car hire, call 
SohiP Holidays, Or 6Z9 97iz 
tote YORK. LA. usa. For me 
che a pest fares. nctunoM Tmv- 
el. 1 uoke street Rfchmgnd 
Surrey- ABTA 01-940 4073. 

Mat nay we 10 any dartmwn 
in ihe world. NEVER KNOW- 
Travel Ol 579 7776. 

l« Europe. USA it meal damna- 
tions. Dtokanat Travel: 01-730 


Eaptos p Mo ri dwMg fDT) 

•7 High St AMaralut Hants 

. M 0252 349448 <24 Aral— 

aan s w L tort sws. Loaaiy I 

Teh Oi 393 9436 CneH. 

prtv tat oialuuUn, j 

W MF OHAM Seal rate to USA-C^ 
rttbeanTar East Aiatreua. CSH 
toe prof ci ucm art ABTA IATA 
OC excepted. TW 01 264 6788 
OWIIA For your hoUday 
where its on snmraer. Can tor 
<Mir brochure now. Tuniter 
Travrt Bureau. 01-373 4411. 
ALL US Cnres. Lowest fares on 
manor scheduled rertat Ol- 
684 7371. ABTA 
MUAML Duty roghta. £36 
o/w. XEB Rtn Frankfort nw 
£69. Miracle Jet. Ol 377 3322 
£369. Singapore £467. Other 
FT. atlas. 01-684 6614 ABTA. 
IIWIIIMI avtotobimy. 

Galwfci/Faro 18 Dec £145 
Mauga 22 D e cember. £169. 
vatexander. Ol 7256864. Abla 
am Acradvin. 

OI 684 4019 or 0702 648582. 
lumonc tocf taels In Puerto ft 
Lcn Grtsoanos. Xmas and new 
Year to** Ol 836 4681. 
Ante. ATOL 1316 



A FREE CUBE to PUattop HoH- 
aaye wta be sent by LQBURE 
chm or aae i3o. P ane l - wm. 
saMsae24pandcnioy iFME 
taw of the m a girtne ataa. Afl 
sma l t u r pauun need LO- 
SURE PAINTER'S to atr u eUqu 
u aB media and md st anton g 
papa 0 1 art-related Uforn. 
don. Send joar uv rtepe now 
to: Letam Msto. Debt. ST. 
102 KMo street. Toaterden. 
Kent TN30 «TT. 

HOUDA Y FLAT to Aastrta. 4 bid, 
loam from Bft to SL Johann/ 
wagreia/Ftacbau etopea. From 
£140 pw. 031-663 8414 

Special offer tffl 3In March. 

3 sights for the price of 2. 

Sm^ra £50 doubles £75. 
Ouklicn free sharing witii 
la irntL 


i K 

j m 




01-481 1989 

I rT.r 



XOMiBS. 0489 877839. 
VAL HQ1 Self catering 

too W86JE 
l (81/ 344 MM 

in UL Central locsooa. Fufl sar- 1 
vices. Lot te toe week. TPL Ol- 1 
493 6441. 1 


01-481 9313 



Itaghb e.8- Mb £486. urn 
£«96 rtn. Abo sman Grotto 
Htokuy Joauaretog Para 
iwm £36» JLA 01-747-3108 


Not Ottgr DM anBto Ow UW 
ssK-catoagprepatw l *U! 5 W 
gate W » tesay we te 
am« m oatore cates and FdHns. 
Lorete In aghfid rod boMbs. feao 


nan cote rragi M H55 (rear 
CtaMer tintl. 

VS Si Jskn Wratf Tomes. 
Laodae ffiffi M SK Ml 

cMtterii «n an. 



I VCKBUlK were already pMsg. 
and its oreea Our cnam am ta 
Mate an ta avBSable now am 
Agra Prices (ram £96 pw half 
i board. Ptigoo Hm a 0734 
1 664930 

LA PLA6HB Qrerndag private. 2 
boas, abate- ihl Pram £126 
pw. 01-689 6968. 




TM ALHARVC Vale do woo, 
Qtont* ito Leoo- Sport, ste. sea 
and cateSBMi*. VBU and apart- 
mem to ran or Day- contact 
, 0572 69BB2. 

90 FUOHTS. uany to Ooacva. 
1 Zurich. Munich toe. Prom 869. 
I SKI WEST. TM 01 785 9999. 

m TOTAL. Chalet Panes, ha- 
urt. ants to France/ Austria. 
Xmas wo. <09® 351113. 




RacM and Rte aatane you ta 
OcrtMatoun iteirof 
fodHshD md onaaaa ttaronn 

arwiii caRgwtsBw umch 



iwr ebon m 


01-481 4000 

■ ^ 

i Bi 

ALOARVE - Two rttete 
wH» po« te v ain ta u rM . «m 8 
now. Ttls Watwm 6971 , 1 

reRBSRSaaa. Fee & teste 8/C ! 
apt*. 8te 4/ia Tee 07357 j 
4020/2084. _ J 

BOTAHT FLAT Luxury Sersnead 
ktetariatoi. Chctaea from £ 32 S 
pw. Ring Town Haase Apart- 
mento 575 3433 



C; - 


Pick your own surprises 

Francesca Greenoak 
selects a range of 
Christmas presen ts 
from pruning shears 
to crafted dovecots 

Were Father Christmas a gar- 
dener, what benefactions 
might we wish for! Fora start, 
harmonious but unlosable 
plant labels on which mes- 
sages never fade. A homing 
trowel would also be a boon. 

A lightweight potting ganat- 
tet w ould be nice to prevent 
compost getting aO over yonr 
sleeves when you’ve nipped 
out to do a quick bit of potting 
or sowing. Please, too, the 
perfect gardening gloves, flexi- 
bte for dedicate jobs, yet able to 
withstand hawthorn , and rose 

Back in the real wodd, the 
most bizarre Christmas goody 
X have come across this year is 
a “gift-wrapped chainsaw*. 
While I have healthy respect 
for chainsaws, I don't agree 
that it is a good gardening gift 
- it’s merely machismo with 
the season’s greetings. 



A subscription to a gardening 
organization makes a good 
present A year’s subscription 
to the Royal Horticultural 
Society (£19 single member- 
ship, £29 double) also confers 
tickets to the Chelsea Show 
and the Wisley Garden, ad- 
mission to society lectures and 
use of the Lindley library, a 
gardening advice service, and 
a copy of the journal The 
Garden each month (RHS, 80 
Vincent Square, London 
SW1P 2PE; telephone 01- 
834 4333). For those in- 
terested in organic gardening, 
a subscription to the National 
Centre fin- Organic Gardening 
(0203303517), comes at £8 
and brings a copy of its 
monthly magazine, the 
opportunity to buy a range of 
books and products and entry 
to the garden at Coventry. The 
Consumers Association maga- 
zine Gardening Which? is 
good value at £31 for 10 issues 
(0992 587773). 

Trowels: Strong and comfort- 
able to work with, the Odell 
range of lightweight 
aluminium trowels deserves 
its Design Centre award. They 
are tough and the blades are 
thicker than stainless steeL On 
sale at Harrods Garden Shop 
and garden centres, large and 
small trowels cost about £5.25 
each; a three-piece set is 

Pming tools: A small curved- 
blade pruning saw, a Christ- 
mas present of three years 
back, has proved tremen- 
dously useful for getting into 
difficult and crowded spots to 
remove small but tough 
branches of roses, fruit trees 
and shrubs. With these and a 
good pair of secateurs you can 
do most minor pruning jobs. 
Feko and WBkmson are the 
top names, but my eye was 
raiight tfn< year by die fan 
range of high-quality pruning 
tools offered by Sandyik, top 
arilers in Europe. Their sharp 
pruning knife (£7.99) is 
m valuable for disposing of 
upwardly mobile suckers, and 




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Uvtgno B/B Pension 

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Courmayeur 2* B/B Hotel 

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LesArcs 2000 £129 BB. (air) 

'Les Coches/La Plagne just £139! (air) 

\ BadKleinkirchhelmfwm£149HR \ 
St Oswald a mere £125! Kids £115 (air) 

//La Plagne and Les Arcs 2000 just 
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, (noA4) 414122 Mon- fti 09.001715 <5 Sat 10.00-13,1 
(0444) 45779024 hourbnxhurephone 


the long handled pruning and 
kiting shears (from £18.99) 
are a most useful asset Avail- 
able from larger garden cen- 
tres or telephone 021 550 470 
for nearest stockist 

Garden took: A stainless steel 
spade or fork is always a 
welcome gift, but be prepared 
to spend between £50-£60, or 
about £25 for a rake. Another 
useful implement is a Jong- 
handled manure fork which is 
useful not only for transferring 
muck to barrow and garden, 
but for turning the contents of 
compost heaps. About £14.95 
plus £1.95 p+p from Country 

fiawtfrn mail Older «»H 

061 228 7471 and quote ref- 
erence number 2035X. 

dipping shears: One of the 
most elegant tools ever de- 
signed, sheep shears are of 
great service to the gardener 
for dipping grass around 
statuary or trees. At £11.50 
(plus £1.95 p+p) from Coun- 
try Garden: call 061 228 7471 
and quote reference 0C2928X. 

Plant lap: The best plant 
hhri« available are Alitags, 
discreet aluminium tags which 
will take HB poefl and can be 
either pushed into the soil or 
tied on to the plant. They 
come in several shapes and 
there is a special introductory 
pad: at £10.95 for an assort- 
ment of 110 tags. Exclusively 
from Aiitags, Bourne Jane, 
Much Harfham, Hertford- 
shire, SGI 0 6ER. 

An Oxfordshire craftsman, 
Philip le Mare, makes beauti- 
ful wooden dovecots i n vari - 
ous sizes in natural or painted 
wood, which come complete 
with birds. A structure which 
houses two doves comes at 
£445 (from Hanods Garden 
Sum) for which sum Mr le 
Mare comes to your home to 





make the perfect present 
for entry gardener and ptant 
forex. They offer sucti freedom 
of choice - and solve so many 
gin dilemmas. They can be 
used lo buy ever ythin g for 
the g arden at 1.500 Garden 
Shops and Centres - and at 
Inter flora florists nattonvikde. 

Sold inf I . £3. £5 and riO 
values af all 1.500 OTA- 
member shops and centres 
alt over the tiK. they're easy 
to post - caw «o redeem . 


stum yon care. 

Ring ( 0734)303998 

or write for addmsesof 
nearest OTA -member 

Trades Association. 

19 tligh Street. 

Thcafc. Berkshire 

\L«- ! 



she and erect the dovecot and 
to acclimatize the doves, 
which are fed within a cage 
superstructure for a week. 

A set of 14 miniature garden 
tools with fully working parts, 
exquisitely crafted by model- 
maker Nicholas J. K. Wood, 
is sold in a wooden display 
case by The Tradescant Trust 
Museum of Garden History, 
St Mary-at-Lambeth (01- 
261 1891). 

other climbers. Arches made 
by OUerton are graceful, styl- 
ish and substantial. OUerton 
rose arches start at I8in deep, 
at £98.90 standard and 
£1 13.55 ogee shape, and range 
up to 54in deep, with special 
flower motifs extra (delivery 
charge is £13.50). Order from 
OUerton Engineering Services 
Ltd, Samlesbury Bottoms, 
Preston, Lancashire PR5 
ORN (025 485 2127). 


Fm the peace ef the potting 
shed to birds of peace: gift 
ideas range from garden tools 
to a dovecot with birds 




. ' 

Silver-plated grape 
for pruning bunches and for 
the table are difficult to find. A 
choice of designs from 
Harrods Hearth and Home 
Dept £36. Stainless steel gape 
scissors, £11.95, from 


SnpoHshed: The potting shed 
has its place in literature and, 
despite the grand advance of 
greenhouses and garden 
rooms, in the garden also. The 
most attractive and practical 
new garden shed, Iceni by 
Shire Garden Buildings, is 
designed with a sloping glass 
which admits a good light to 
plants placed an the shelf 
beneath it. It is pleasantly 
proportioned with a stable 
door, storage space on the for 
wall and windows again on the 
other side. 

These come in srees from 6ft 
square(about £268) up to 10ft 
by 8ft (about £440) and are 
available from larger garden 

Rose arch: Even small gardens 
can benefit from a weti-placed 
feature such as a rose arch — 
which in shady gardens can be 
used for clematis, ivies and 

The big book of the season is 
The Oxford Companion to 
, Gardens (OUP£29.50\ a solid 

f rf wwuy t ^ pi»whith wephimt 

garden and terms 

and describes a host of inter- 
national gardens. For a less 
academic reference book, 
there is the inspirational, 
beautifully illust rated and 
most informative British 
Gardeners by Hadfield, 
Halting and Highttm (pub- 
lished by Zwemmer/Conde 
Nast £12J0X a treasury of 
knowledge about gardens and 
gardeners. For the rare plant 
enthusiast The Vanishing 
Garden by Christopher BidkeD 
and Fay Shuman (John Mur- 
ray £15) investigates an in- 
teresting selection of 

ggnrien g pecjCS. 

The Garden Plant Selector 
(Longman £12.95) has split 
pages giving a choice of four 
planto of different heaghts with 
a short description and 
cultivation notes for each. 
Since plants rarely behave as 
they are supposed to, this 
book is probably more cos- 
metic than useful, but flicking 
through the different 
combinations is fun and could 
give a beginning gardener 
confidence to start planning. 
The two best boys for garden 
plant dictionaries remain The 
Complete Handbook of, 
Garden Plants by Michael 
Wright (Michael Joseph 
£9.95) and that great perennial 
The Reader's Digest Encyclo- 
paedia af Garden Plants 

Planning the Organic 
Flower Garden by Sue 
Strickland is a practical book 
which fills a gap in the market 
and this and ds companion 
volume on The Vegetable 
Garden, by Dick Kitto, make a 
useful pair (Thorson, £5.99 

present for the 
deoer who is also interested in 
plant illustration is a year's 
subscription to the beautifully 
illustrated and produced Kew 
Magazine, which costs £25 
(Marston Book Services, 108 
Cowley Road, Oxford). For 
another all-year-round gift, 
the Kew Calendar (£3.50) is 
illustrated with 1 3 
watercolours — including the 
cover picture — by botanical 
artist Titian SneUmg. The 
illustrated five-year 
Gardener’s Diary is £9.95. 
Both from The Kew 
Bookshop (01-940 1171). 


If Lausanne were a 
person you would 
send her flowers 


For J bw Copy c4 rfik defigbttul 
cmjv rapsher «hli our brochure 
on individud todustw tab&ft 
lo dnt beaterfu) dty. write to: 
Off IaL, ZaChmr Omc. 

London SW1X7BQ. 


Uajor BVdanon reference bock at pbns m 
tuleotou.ZZB pages, 1500 Efasvwm, 
nearly «00 write**. Fufc Infomstwo when 
and how 10 plant. Bare, mmal and 
feMMiaa. Ouanwy ewI M * anafr towed. 

Seem your FR2 copy, powd «*». 

Write Tfenpasn B Moroan. Dapl 23 
London Road, Ipwdrt IP20BA. 


Oh come 
all ye 


All over the country, 
throats are being cleared 
for the vocal celebration 
of Christmas. In the city 
of Lincoln, today and 
tomorrow, carol singers in 
Victorian costume will 
join Morris men and 
Punch and Jody at a 
German-style Christmas 
market. At St Peter’s 
Church Eaton Square, 
London, carols wQI be 
song on Monday between 
readings of A Christmas 
Carol. Ann Wbltehoose 
lists the many other ser- 
vices and events. 



between 3pm and midnight; 
untit Dec 24. charity carat 
singing 4pm-1 0pm. 

Royal Festival HattSEI: 

Today, 3pm and 7.30pm: Card 
concerts with choirs from 
London hospitals. Thurs, 
7.30pm: Carols for choir and 
audience. Dec 20, 4pm and 
7.30pm: Christmas concerts 
with the stars. 

Queen Elizabeth Had SE1: Dec 
20. 7.45pm: Carols for choir 
and audience. 

St John’s, Smith Square, SW1: 
Today, 7.30pm: London 
Chorale, with traditional French 
and Engfeh carats. Tomorrow, 
7.30pm: Sing NoaH Christmas 
music and carols. Dec 21 , 
7.30pm: Christinas concert 

Carols also at 7.30pm on Dec 
22 and 23. 

Royal Atari Hall SW7: Wed, 
7.30pm: Christmas carols with 
foe stars and guest celebrities. 
Thurs, 7pm: Carats attended 
by Princess Anne. Carol 
concerts also on Fri (7.30pm), 
Dec 20 (230pm and 7.30pm i 
Dec 21 (2£0pm and 7.30pm). 
Dec 23 (730pm). 

The Barbican, EC£ Tomorrow, 
3pm: Carols for choir and 
audience. 7.30pm: John 
Williams’s Christmas 
collection- Dec 20. 3pm and 
7.30pm: James Galway’s 
Christmas colection and 
carols. Dec 22, 7.30pm: Carols 
with Kings College Choir, 
sx Martin In the Raids, WC2: 
Tomorrow. 5.30pm: Blessing 
of the Crib in” 

Thurs, 7.30pm: Carols » 
drama, dance and readings. 
Dec 23. 6.30pm: (fine lessons 
and Carols. Other carol 
services on Mon (6.30pm) and 
Dec 24 (630pfn). 

WfrdUUUlSUu MR mft awl. 

Dec 24. 2pm: CMIdren’s erto 
and gift service; 3j»n: Choral 

St PauTs Cathedral, EC4: 

Wed. 7pm: Carol Service. Dec 
20, sprit Congregational carol 

Soutowaifc Cathedral, SE1: 
Tomorrow. 7^0pm: Chandos 
Chamber Choir Christmas 
conoert. Thurs, IS 
Lunchtime carol! 

21 ,3pm: Carol! 

StJnnes’s Church, PiccadSy, 
W1: Fri, 7^0pm: Carols and 
rearSn^ for Christmas. Dec 
21.6pm: Carols. 

Cental Hrf, Storey's Gate, 
SW1: Today. 3pm and 7^0pm: 
Carol concerts. Dec 20, 7pm: 
"Carolcade.” Dec 21. 6^0pm: 
Christingte and carols. 

Wtgmora H al , W1: Today. 

7pnr. "Christmas Cracker" 
toast of music. 

Alexandra Palace, N2& Tubs, 
7.30pm: Carols by lamplight . 
PoBca Chikfren’e Theatre, 240 
The Broadway, SWIftThurs, 
730: FamHy carol concert 

AISoutoLangham Place, W1: 

Dec 21, &30pm: Carol service. 

St Clement Danes, The 
Strand, WC& Tomorrow. 3pm: 
Nine lessons and carols. Dec 
21. 11pm: Carol service. 

St Marylebone Parish Church, 
NW1: Tomorrow. 6.30pm: 
Advent candJefit carol concert 
Wed. 6pm: Christmas carols 
and readings. 

AH Hallows by toe Tower, ECS: 
Mon, 6pm: Carol service 
attended by Lord Mayor of 
London. Tubs and Wed, 1 pm: 
Carols. Dec 21, 4pm: Lessons 
and carols. 

St Andrew by the Wardrobe, 

St Andrews HN, EC4: Mon. 
6.30pm: Carol service. 
StGBe’s, Crippiegate, EC2: 
WOd, 4pm: Nine lessons and 
carols. Dec2l,3£0pm: Advent 
carol service. 

Guanfa Chapel, SW1: 
Tomorrow. 11am and 6pm: 
Festival of lessons and carols. 
St George’s Church, Hanover 
Square, W1: Dec 21,6pm: Nine 
lessons and carols. 


1 (Anglican): Tubs, 

1.10pm: Carols. Carol services 
also on Wad (7.15pm). Thurs 
(7-30pm)and Dec 22 (5.30pm). 
Dec 24, b^Opnr. Nine Lessons 
and Carols. 

Bbimnaham, St Chad's 
Caihedral (Catholic). Dec 21: 
Christmas readings and music, 
followed by punch and mince 
pies. Dec 24. 11.30pm: Carols 
and midnight mass. 

BlacfctHgn Catlw d ra b Dec 23. 
630pm: Nine lessons and 
caras by candlelight Dec 28, 
3.30pm: Card service. 
Brighton, The Dome: Dec 21. 
3pm: Evening Argus Carol 

Bristol Catimtat Tubs and 
Wed, 7 . 30 pm: Carols and 
Christmas music. 

Canterbury Cathedral: MOn. 
7pm: Carol service hosted by 
Canterbury Choral Society. 
Cambridge, Kings CoUego: 
Dec 24. 3pm: Broadcast card 
service. (Queue from 9am for 
admission from 1pm). 

Chester Cathedral: Carol 
concerts on Dec 22 and 23. 
Durham Cathedral: Dec 21. 
4.30pm: Lighting of toe tree. 
Festival of Nine Lessons and 
Carols on Dec 22 (7pm), Dec 
24 (3pm), and Dec 28 (7pm). 
Exeter Cathedral: Tues, Wed, 
Thurs, 7.30pm: Carrt concerts. 
Famham, TKord Church: Dec 
20: Carols by candlelight 
Gloucester Gathedrafc Dec 20, 
7.30: Youth carol service. Dec 
24, 4pm: Family carol service. 
6pm: Christmas carol service. 

Hexham Abbey: Dec 21, Stem: 
Christingte service. Dec 24, 
6pm: Nine lessons and cards. 
Dec 25, 8pm and 10pm: 
Communion with carols. 

Hud, Holy Trinity: Carol ' 
services on Tues (ton and 
7.30pm) and Thurs (7.30pm). 
Dec 21. 6^0pm: Ntee lessons 
and carols. Dec 22, 12^5)wn: 

Lunchtime carols. Dec 24, 
11.30pm: Midnight 

Ipswich, Hadteigh Church: 
Today, 5pm: Medieval carols 
arranged by Akleburgh 

Liverpool Cathedral 
(Anglican): Tomorrow, 3pm: 
Lighting of tree. Dec 20, 3pm: 
Recitalof Christmas music. 

Dec 21 , 3pm: Hotty Bough 
service. Dec 14, 3pm: Lighting 
of Christinas tree and blissing 
of crib. 

Liverpool: Metropolitan 
Cathedral of Chnst the King 
(Catholic): Dec 21 , 5pm: 

Festival carol service. 
Manchester Cathedral: Today. 
7.30pm: Family concert 
Newcastle Cathedral Chinch 
of St Nicholas: Dec 22, 

5.30pm: Carol service. Dec 24, 
4pm Christingte service. Also 
midnight mass with carols. 
Norwich Cathedral: Today, 
v. Christingte Service. Dec 
, 7pm: Cathedral carol 
service. Dec 24, Noon: 

Blessing of crib; 4pm: 
Cathedral card service. 
Peterborough Cathedral: Dec 
20. 7.30pm: Peterborough 
Philharmonic Card Service. 
Dec 24, 4pm: Nine Lessons 
and Carols. 

Ripon Cathedral: Dec 21, 4pm 
Evensong and Britten’s 
"Ceremony of Cards". . 
Today. 7pm: Ripon Chord 
Society Christmas Concert 
Dec 24, 1 1 .30am: Blessing of 
crib; 530pm: Nine lessons and 
cards; 11.20pm: Midnight 
Eucharist Dec 25. 5pm: 
Evensong with carols at crib. 
Rochester Cathedrak Dec 22, 
7.30pm: Carol service. Dec 23, 

I. 15pm; Lunchtime cards. 
Salisbury Cathedral: Dec 20. 
5.50pm: Lighting of Christmas 
tree and blessing of crib. Dec 
23, 7pm: Card service. 

Selby Abbey: Dec 20, 7 . 30 pm: 
Cards by candlelight Dec 24, 
4pm: Crib service; llpnc 
Midnight communion. 

Sheffield Cathedral: Dec 21, 
6.30pm: "The Word Made 

Flesh" Christmaspreparaton. 

Dec 24. 6.30pm: Evensong and 
blessing of crib; 11pm: 
Christmas communion with 
cards. Dec 25, 11am: Festival 

Tewkesbury Abbey: Dec 24, 
5pm: Childrens cards; 

II. 30pm: Midnight mass. 
Wakefield Cathedral: Mon, 
2£0pm: Card service. Dec 21, 
4pm Cathedral card service. 
Dec 24, 5pm: Choral evensong 
and blessing of crib; 1 1pm: 
Christmas Chora) Eucharist 
Wens Cathedral: Dec 24, 6pm 
Blessing of the crib and cards. 
Dec 26, 3pm: Service of Nine 
Lessons and Cards. 

Worcester Cathedral: Dec 21 , 
4pm: Card service. Dec 22, 
7.30pm: Card Service. Dec 24, 
5pm: Choral evensong; 
Childrens carols at crib; 

1 1 .30pm: Midnight mass. 

Toffc Beningbrough HaH 
(National Trust): Card concerts 
today and tomorrow. 7pm. 


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CHRISTMAS PRESENT (top row): Computerised back- 
gammon set, £59.95, liberty, Regeat Street; Sony Watch- 
man mini TV, £139, Hanod s, Kr glbridge; solar cell 
caknlator in ruler, £1490, FFWD, Newburgh Street; 
chequered china dinner plate, £13, cup with saucer, £1250, 
The Conran Shop , Fulham Road; gourmet cutlery place 
setting, £120, FFWD. Centre: Scottie dog diamante brooch, 
£69; ear rings, £58, both fro m Mo nty Don, Beauchamp 
Place; panther fighter, £19, FFWD; leather travelling 
stationery set, £2956, Presents, Sloane Street; Porsche 
design, btack/titanhnn curved pipe, £100, from The Porsche 
Shop at Harvey Nichols, Kughtsbridge. Sector Armee 

watch with hinged case, £467 (above) and Jean DTEve half- 
moon watch, £§95 (below), both from The Watch Gallery, 
Fulham Rmid. Car-shaped calculator, £1325, Presents 
FAR RIGHT: top shetf (left) Perspex radio, £295, Presents, 
Sloane Street (right) black acryfic pyramid radio, £180, 
Ligne Roset, 130 Shaftesbury Avene, Wl. Second shehc 
Loewe colour television with chrome case, £465, Harrods, 
Knightbridge; silver-plated pengnm-shaped cocktail shaker, 
£295, The Conran Shop, Fulham Road; sflver-cohxired 
Porsche-shaped telephone handset, £3255, and Mack and 
white dock, £20.75, both from Harrods. Acryfic stepbdder, 
£531; for stockists contact MW United (tet 01-222 1543) 


f^AT¥,cgSuT 0Frn! 












mink coats 








1*» £jq/^ 

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I 0 °i ±4- (99 

CtoAuUf down /tries. 

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£ 1 90 f <Ww ^»si^^Si a d ? wn * 

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tWi £79) -jg 

CxJjii £^Jjjg 

£l,:j 295 

S5J75 £1,4 ( 95 

frhSaj £l,qy5 




H 1.930 £lp795 
02,9 95 

SAGA MINK COATS £in.ogo W,3o0 £l QOff 5 


T0«ffii?sJ^S£*^ KS ■ 


SUN DEC. 14TH $ ^ 

1U0AM^6.30PM J UP^Q 

Konrad Furs, 4 2 Sloane Si W 
KnighLsbrida.-.Londcin5\\' i JR H 
• M 01-2:35 2929, 

Konrad Furs, J 

bl Piccadilly, London U'ii ~ m . 


SH-SrT-- £^ Vfree for aasE^ySSf 

£ 1 99 

: : :7a 

Christmas Past 
and those who are 
more switched on 
by Christmas 
Present For the 
former, there are 
sleigh-loads of 
delightful remind- 
ers of days gone 
by. For the others, 
there are sackfuls 
of hi-tech wiz- 
ardry, upbeat 
ideas and well-de- 
signed necessities. 
Here is our selec- 
tion of hand- 
picked presents, 
which can be 
bought on your 
shopping ex- 
pedition of the 
stores in our 
London guide. 


Charies Milligan 

Nicole Swengley 

S urviving Christmas 
shopping in London 
calls for a strategic 
campaign. Sore fat, 
short tempers and 
wasted feres can all be saved 
by confining your search for 
seasonal fere, goodies and gifts 
to a single area. 

. From dozens of alter- 
natives, we've jacked six loca- 
tions each with a flagship store 
for general requirements, 
within strolling distance of 
more specialist satellite shops 
in the belief that, rather than 
limiting your scope, one-stop 
shopping may turn this annual 
marathon into a thoroughly 
enjoyable day out 


Fortnum & Mason, England's 
grandest grocer, offers ham- 
pers from £15 to £550 — but 
it's just as much fon choosing 
individual F&M specialities 
to fill your own goodies basket 
(empty wicker hampers are 
sold in the basement). Shop, 
too, for stylish hats and leather 
goods (second floor), china 
and glass (basement) and sta- 
tionery (third floor). 

Not far away, Hatchards 
bookshop is also in Piccadilly. 
Round die comer in Jennyn 
Street, Czech & Speake stocks 
soaps, fragrances and body 
oik while Plans has its own 
toiletry range plus old-fash- 
ioned scent sprays and shav- 
ing tackle. More valet 
equipment can be found at 
Geo F. Trmnper while Oggetti 
offers fashionable design-con- 
scious items. Anyone looking 
for edible presents, particu- 
larly cheese, will find a visit to 

Paxton & Whitfield 


At liberty, there’s a gift-wrap 
service m the Emporium 
(basement) where if s only too 
easy to while away your 
shopping day fingering rifts 
both pretty and practical 
Slop at Dickens & Jones, next 
door, for clothes and fashion 
accessories and at a Body 
Shop branch, off Great Marl- 
borough Street, for soaps, 
shampoos and mcety-pflck- 
aged bath time treats.^ 

iiSiii * —••• 

Not faraw ay, in Newburgh 
Street, FFWD stocks a selec- 
tion of well-designed acces- 
sories from calculators to 
cutlery. Back in Regent Street, 
Santa visits Hamleys* fifth 
floor daily until Chwimas 
Eve. Opposite the world’s 
largest toyshop is the tiny 
Kmckerbox boutique selling 
only, as implied, men's and 
women's briefs. 


At the South Kensington end, 
the Conran Slop has some 
wonderfully witty ideas 
among its imaginative, prac- 
tical and “tasty” presents — 
even a chocolate explosive 
which shoots out 10 mini- 
gifts, £26. 

A few steps away there’s 
Whittards with un us ual teas, 
fresh coffee beans and yuletide 
fere; the Sleeping Company 
selling stylish bathrobes and 
bed linens; Oggetti tor trendy 
personal accessories while, 
next door, the London Light- 
ing Company is crammed 
with flluminating thoughts. 
The Watch Gallery specializes 
in analogue tune-pieces from 
Rolex to Flipper fan watches 
with inter-changable straps. 
Divertimenti stocks masses of 
kitchenware while Paperchase 
offers stationery and s t o cki ng 


Harrods’ motto, “All Things 1 
For All People Everywhere", 
neatly sums up the store's 
capacity. Even so, it’s prob- 
ably bert to limit yourself to a 
few relevant departments 
rather dm" trudge round its 
entire 22 acre shopping area. 

Turn left from Hamids’ 
.front entrance for the byon 
shopping street, Beauchamp 
Place, with its modern 
jewellery and china shops or 
turn right for the Scotch 
House and Harvey Nichols. 

As weO as clothes, both 
stores sell plenty of fashion 
accessories. Close by, 
Brampton Arcade has some 
interesting specialist shops 
including Camilla Hepper, 
which seQs nicely old-fash- 
ioned toiletries and the Italian 
Paper Shop, with its attractive 

marbled stationery. 


In Selfndges 1 grotto (third 
floor), 14 animated scenes tell 
the story of the Wizard of Oz, 
with Santa visiting daily until 
December 23, while a Dicken- 
sian-style street (fourth floor) 
sells Christmas decorations. 

Selfridges’ personalized ser- 
vices indude T-shirt printing 
(third floor), on-the-spot 
engraving (basement), em- 
broidery initialling (first floor) 
and “print-a-gift" for leather 
goods, cards and pencils on 
the ground floor; there's also a 
gift-wrap service (first floor). 

Cross Oxford Street and 
pass Bond Street underground 
station to reach car-free South 
Molton street with its 
jewellery shops like Rocks, 

Frey and fashion shops 
including Browns and the 
Joseph trilogy. 

Prestat sells charming choc- 
olate Santas while Grays An- 
tique Market, at Davies 
Mews,' comprises dozens of 
mini-shops offering some 
delightfully individual silver 
and old jewellery. 

Tum left from Selfridges’ 
main entrance for the tiny 
lane. Gees Cburt, where Mul- 
berry Company sells covetable 
leather bags, belts and brief- 
cases. Gees Court leads into 
paved St Christopher’s Place 
with fashion and specialist 
shops like Under Two Flags, a 
quaint model soldier shop. 


Well-known for its ground- 
floor china and glass depart- 
ment. Peter Jones also sells 
kitchenware (basement), 
clothes and fashion acces- 
sories (first and second floors). 
Shop in the ground-floor gift 
department for photo frames, 
tablemats, lacquer aod 

Presents has some whacky 
trifles from- weird clocks to 
crazy china. 

The General Trading Com- 
pany also sells delightful 
nonsenses along with tra- 
ditional and trendy gifts 
including jewellery, toiletries, 
china, lriichenware, toys for 
children, lovers and exeo- . 
utives, edible presents and * 
gifts for gardeners. 

The perfect Christmas giftz. . . 

. . .two nights at The Rftz. 

Imagine receiving The Rite as a gift on Christmas momina 

Or more precisely a Ritz gift voucher for two people to stai 

two nights in a twin or double-bedded room. The cost is onlv 
£240 with English breakfast included and a chilled bottle of 
the famous Ritz pink champagne in the room when vou 
arrive. This special offer lasts from 1st January to 3tst 
March. Telephone Mary Bishop to obtain further details of 

“" m THE RITZ 

the ifa.TiwrwfKtctetomM gift. PKXADiLLY- [ONDGNJ 


Shona Crawford Poole lifts the lid on the delights of frivolous cocktail canapes, a fashionable addition to any party 

Fine art of the mini morsel 

Food feshions Moom and fide 

tost on the metropolitan cock- 
au party circuit. At clothes 
shows, gallery openings and 
book launches, the ojnnum- 
formers must be watered and 
fed m that order. 

ft seems a tot longer than 
two years ago that The Dor- 
chester did foodie and non- 
foodie canapes for the noisiest 
of the various launch pa fries 
for the now-remaindered Of- 
ficial Foodie Handbook. Any- 
thing raw, from car pyrfo |o 
gravlax, was approved foodie. 
Quiche, however small and 
perfectly formed, and smoked 
salmon anything were gastro- 
nomic wallpaper. 

Miniaturized kebabs of 
diced fish impaled on tooth- 
picks, like elfin pizzas, came 
and went in a flash, still 
around, but no longer the 
height of fashion, are very 
pretty and complicated gob- 
bets of rice, fish and seaweed 
in the Japanese style. These 
are placed so far apart on tbrir 
black lacquer trays that the 
waiters have to be young and 
fit to run relays from the 

Who started what gets 
harder to say. The Roux 
Brothers are doing tiny tarts 
filled with fruit, as wdl as 
savoury canapfc, but they are 
not alone. 

Frivolity and cocktails are 
agreeable companions, which 
is no doubt why Lorna Wing’s 
party pieces, the city’s wittiest 
canapes, are enjoying a longer 
run dian most edible novel- 
ties. Hers is designer food for 
designers, hot fashion names 
like Jasper Conra n mid G ianni 

Roars of applause have 
been known to greet wait- 
resses carrying trays of the 
doll-sized fish and chips in 
real newspaper pokes that 
have become Lorna Wing’s 
hallmar k And shouts of 
“bring out the bacon and 
eggs” are not unknown when 
word has got out from behind 
the scenes that her lilliptitian 

Diana Lmdbettsr 

match stick lengths. Stone and 
quarter the olives. Cut the 
anchovies into threads and 
flake the mna. Arrange one of 
everything in each cucumber 
cup making the sa l ads look as 
attractive and identical as 
possible. Spoon a quarter of a 
teaspoon fid of dressing on 
each salad and serve. 

Timesaven these can be 
assembled several hours in 
advance, but not dressed. If 
kept covered in the fridge they 
can be brought out and the 
dressing added just before 

Alternatives: instead of 
cucumber caps use bollowed- 
out cherry tomatoes. HU as 
before, substituting a couple of 
pea-sized cucumber cubes for 
the quarter tomato. Or fill 
cucumber cups with 
malchsuck crudities and a 
blob or garlic mayonnaise. 

And now for the highly 
acclaimed bacon and eggs. 

Bacon and egg bites 

Serves 12 

breakfasts are on the menu. 

The popularity of these 
nonsensical titbits is soundly 
based. They amuse, taste ter- 
rific, look marvellous and are 
reasonably practical. With 
proper pfenning, and appro- 
priate advance preparation, 
anyone with a sharp knife and 
nimble fingers can have a 
great deal of fun. Some of 
them cookl easily be made by 
neat children. 

The following recqnes are 
my interpretation of a few of 
Lorna Wing’s most popular 
canapes, from a list of dozens. 

Few traditi onal tHdiss have 
escaped the Wing^hrinic. 
Even roast beef with yorkshire 
pudding has been given the 
treatment It emerges as a 
miniature pudding filled with 
of fillet of bee£ horse- 
radish cream and a sprig of 
watercress. The puddings are 
nrafe in advance and crisped 
in the oven at the last 


Fish and drips in The Times 
Senes 24 

24 x 15cm (6ln) squares of The 


12 x 15cm (6in) squares 
greaseproof paper (optional) 

2 large potatoes 

OB for deep frying 

24 whitebait 

24 sheOed prawns 

2 fllfets red multat or firm fish 

Seasoned flour 

Fold the paper into cones. 
Fold a square of newspaper 
diagonally into a triangle then 
twist into a cone, folding the 
points at the open end into the 
centre to secure the shape. Use 
a triangle of greaseproof paper 
to line each cone u you wish. 
Make up the rest of the papers. 

To stand the cones upright 
for easy fining and serving, 
(riant the points through the 
slats of a Chinese bamboo 
steamer, or devise a system of 

your own. Cut the peeled 
potatoes into chips that are 
literally the size of 
taaubsbcks. Deep fry them 
until crisp and golden. Drain 
and keep them warm. 

Leave the whitebait and 
prawns whole. Cut the fish 
fillet in short strips. Toss all 
the fish in the seasoned flour 
and fry until golden. Drain 
wett. HI1 the prepared cones 
with pipin g hot fish and chips 
and serve at once. 

Timestm: use readymade 
matchstick potato chips 
heated in the oven. 

Still fishy, but much less 
calorific, are cucumber cups 
filled with salad nicoise. 



About 6 ttrin green beans. 

12 croustade or pastry cases 
(see method) 

12 quails eggs 

6 small black oRves 

3 rashers streaky bacon 

2 anchovy fillets 

4 small mushrooms 

55g (2oz) tinned tuna, drained 

3 cherry tomatoes 

2 tablespoons vinaigrette 

To make croustades, cut thin 
slices of white bread and roll 

2 cucumbers 

2 or 3 leaves frilly or frizzy 


6 cheny tomatoes 

Cut the cucumber into short 
lengths — just under an inch. 
Use a small round pastry 
cutter to <krn and cut them 
into matohing cylinders, or 
trim them into even cubes. 
Use a melon bailer or tea- 
spoon to scoop a deep hollow 
in each cylinder or cube. Set 
out the cups on a serving tray. 

Tear the lettuce into 24 
postage stamp sized pieces. 
Quarter the cherry tomatoes. 
Put the quails eggs into cold 
-water and bring to the boil. 
Simmer them for just one 
minute, then cool them under 
a running cold tap. Shell and 
quarter the eggs. 

Cut the green beans into 

them fiat. Use a round pastry 
cutter to stamp out circles and 
(Hess them into buttered tart- 
let tins about 4.5 cm (lVfein) 
diameter. Brush with melted 
butter and bake them in a 
preheated moderately hot 
oven (200°C/400°F, gas mark 
6 ). 

Poach and trim the quails 
eggs. Cut the bacon into 
narrow strips, roll and bake 
them until cooked. Cut the 
mushrooms into quarters and 
fry them. Quarter the cheny 

Arrange die bacon, eggs, 
mushrooms ^nd tomatoes in 
the croustades or pastry cases. 
Reheat them fora few minutes 
in a moderate oven. 


Cheap, cheerful and 
a dash of quality 

Jane MacQmtty seeks out some Christmas wine bargains 

Eric Beaumont 

This Christmas, the wme 
trade has at long last woken up 
to the fact that party wines 
under £3, and hopefully even 
under £2, are what the public 
wants to drink; and for the last 
three weeks 1 have been 
sniffing and slurping through 
a great deal of mostly enamel- 
cracking party plonk. 

The most memorable of the 
pre-Christmas tastings was the 
splendidly wide-ranging event 
held in Winecellars (153-155 
Wandsworth High Street, 
London SW18, 01-371 2668). 
This large, stylish, designer- 
built wine warehouse is open 
seven days a week, offers more 

than500 wines by the case and 
will deliver anywhere in the 
United Kingdom. Chosen by 
Master of Wine and I ta l ian 
specialist Nicholas Belfrage, 
Winecellars wines are a third 
I talian, a third French and a 
third from the rest of the 
world. , 

Party-throwers m need oi 
that rare bud, a good, dry 
inexpensive all-round white 
wine, should call in here and 

pick up the Mehana Dry, a 
crisp, green, refreshing herba- 
ceous white from Bulgaria, on 
sale for a ridiculously low 
£1.69 (Majestic Wine Ware- 
houses £1.69, Oddbins £1.79). 

Most Liebfianmilchs I find 
sweet, grapey and rather bor- 
ing but WmeceDais has, some- 
what surprisingly, an *86 
Liebfranmfich priced at a 
knock-down £1.59 a bottle 
that is still sweet and grapey 
but with a lively invigorating 
style and a scent of roses that 
distinguishes it from the 
crowd. Winecellars also sells a 
fine Italian Cabernet blessed 
with a light, soil, wefl-made 
grassy Cabernet Franc fruit 
that should enhance many a 
cold Christmas collation. 

Waitrose, whose vinous 
halo continues to shrine more 
brightly than any other super- 
market, recently held a tasting 
with some excellent reds and! 
would be very happy to en- 
counter its house darct (£235) 
at any Christmas occasion. I 
much enjoyed its deep purple 
red colour and defiaous 

At £7.65, we could sell this 
Champagne by the bucket, 
Mr. Clarke... 

Well, perhaps we could stretch 
to bottles, Mr. Johnstone. 

36 pnee otmeBtic'B acclaimed Brut 
agne migit be reason enough to 

jTwith Pale Fino Sherries from only 
nd Von for just £5.09, you could 
o throw a party- 

id if we mention Claret at a mere 
nd some TOO wines from around the 

t , low, low prices, you mayjust grab 

me and book the local hall 
though we might not sell wme or 
• * , -t. - k.ijp0t nm* rase nrices 

_ ^wfmnnncx- FSBSCABMPM- 

y, redcunanty Cabernet 
ao-mfluenced style. 
Cheaper, but also a good 
festive fere wine, is Waitrose’s 
’82 Fxtou, whose deep purity- 
red colour and lovely rich, 
warm, ptnmmy smell and 
taste is again a snip, priced at 
just £2.29. Above my self- 
unposed £3 party wine price 
barrier is Waitrose’s won- 
drous non-vintage champagne 
(£7.95), whose mesh, elegant, 
flowery, brioche- like bouquet 
and palate came top in my 
tasting book by a long, long 
way at a recent comparative 
session of no fewer than 60 
non-vintage champagnes, in- 
cluding all the big super- 
market and ofHkence names. 
If you can only squeeze one 
champagne out of die b ud ge t, 
this should be it 
like Waitrose, the mighty 
Sainsbury's held a pre-Christ- 
mas tasting, but you had to 
hunt rather harder at this 
event to find good toothsome 
buys priced at under £2 or £3. 
However, I owe Sainsbury’s 
an apology for mistakenly 
quoting it as stocking only 14 
wines under £2 earlier this 
year, compared to the 54 
slocked by Tesco’s. Sains- 
bury’s in feet carried 37 at the 
time, and has now increased 
the range to 40. 

Top erf my list of inexpen- 
sive Sainsbury's buys is the 
wonderful non- vintage Aren- 
da from Portugal, priced at an 
invitingly low £1.85. This fine, 
rich, spicy cinnamon-like 
wine, made in a region north- 
east of Lisbon, has only 
recently been introduced to 
Sainsbury’s shelves. Its well- 
made, warm, full-bodied style 
makes it a natural partner to 
more robust Christmas dishes. . 

Like Waitrose, Sainsbury’s 
has a fine own-label claret, for 

the slightly cheaper price of 
£1.95, and jolly good it is too. I 
enjoyed its vibrant purple 
colour, backed up by its grassy 
Cabernet Franc influenced 
taste, and its sturdy style, 
which would make it a good 
Christmas claret for rich fes- 
tive tort. Sainsbury's ’83 Al- 
sace Riesling from the Benn- 
wihr co-operative, surpris- 
ingly a new introduction here, 
just nips in under the £3 mark 
priced at £2.99. 1 loved its pale 
greeny-yellow colour and ele- 
gant, leafy, aromatic scent 
plus its ripe petroWike palate, 
a characteristic that the finer 
Riesling wines take on in good, 

Majestic Wine Warehouses 
w ffliinnff to amjpg discerning 
wine drinkers with their on- 
paralleled ability, it seems, to 
stock extraordinarily good 
wines at extraordinarily low 
prices. This is partly achieved 
fry Majestic’s policy, wherever 
possible, of shipping direct 
My favourite inexpensive 
Christmas red this year, the 
’85 Cdtes de Veatoux from 

Paul Jaboulet Aine, is a result 
of such canny wine buying, for 
it is on sale for at least £t more 
elsewhere. This sensationally 
good Rhone red has a purply 
red colour plus a ripe vibrant 
fruity-peppery taste reminis- 
cent of both damsons and 
redcurrants. Anyone who fails 
to celebrate Christmas with a 
bottle or two of this splendid 
wine will be missing out on a 
real treat A worthwhile but 
less impressive alternative is 
the delicious spicy herbaceous 
’82 Domaine de Torraccia, 
Corsican red (£2.19). This 
may not appeal to every palate 
but I enjoyed it I also enjoyed 
Majestic’s '83 Domaine des 
Lentheric red (£2.15) whose 
soft, spicy, peppery fruit is due 
to its Grenache/Meriot mix. 

Finally, sweet tooths in 
search of a Christmas treat 
should calf in at Marks 
& Spencer’s, whose Spanish 
Moscatel de Valencia (£2.75), 
in its frosted bottles, is softly 
rather than aggressively sweet 
and has a delightful fiowery- 
grapey charm. ■ 


Rands Mostay 

Irish come in 
for a mashing 

Jonathan Meades on 
the latest scores in 
the Third Division 
of ethnic cuisine 

We need another word for 
"ethnic”. We need something 
that indicates Third Division 
North but says it more tact- 
fully — Anglo-Iumpen, Volks- 
kOche , Scandaprole — some- 
thing like that. 

However, in the case of the 
Irish restaurant Minognes it is 
perfectly apt to use ethnic — 
“pertaining to the science 
which treats of races and 
people, their relations, their 
distinctive characteristics. . 

(I quote from p 637 of Vol- 
ume One of the Shorter Ox- 
ford,) Minogue’s attraction is 
as a sort of sampler of what's 
on Irish stoves. One eats out 
of interest, not out of relish. 

It preserves the cooking that 
time forgot, and preserves it 
with dutiful zeal. One main 
course had three sons of 
potato. Three sorts of potato 
suggest a joke. But no: nothing 
funny about these spuds. The 
first was plainly boiled with 
skin on; the second was 
mashed (no butter, no cream) 
with shreds of greens and 
browned on top; and the third 
was a pancake “leavened” 
with parsnip: a sort of bad 
latke or tyro galette. 

The same floury sauce ap- 
peared in different guises with 
sweetbreads and with baked 
ham, the Former with mush- 
rooms and onions (they also 
have Chinese leaves, which 
strikes me as stretching 
Irishness a bit beyond the 
bounds); the latter was cut 
with raisins and sultanas. The 
predominant taste was ginger 
and the weightiness was be- 
yond the capability of even the 
most leaden spud. I hope that 
in Cork or Tralee, steak is not 
habitually cooked at a low 
temperature which fails to seal 
it, and that when it is given a 
sauce of whiskey the alcohol is 
-boiled oft 

The Irish cheeses. Fitz- 
roquefort, MacCaerphiUy and 
O’Camembert, were good 
Museum charges: about £4S 
for two including a bottle of 

Chenas of a year later than 
that noted on the list 

The Danes, who modestly 
ascribe the famous pastries to 
Vienna, less modestly con- 
sider their cooking the best in 
Scandinavia. They’re right 
when it comes to a compari- 
son with Norway, which is 
another spud culture. But I'm 
not so sure about Sweden. If 
Anna’s Place is a gauge, then 
Sweden is a force to be 
reckoned with, a force that 
might lift Swedish cooking 
from the Third Division 
North or Nordic. 

Anna's Place was once a 
nouvelle cuisine restaurant. 
Now it's one cf the best caffe 
in London, a place of strenu- 
ous informality, recalling the 
most unfashionable decade of 
all: the 197Cs. This is because 
the prevailing atmosphere is 
like that of a women's work- 
shop, circa 1976. 

The restaurant could not be . 
better named: Anna Hegaity 
(nominally Irish, na tally and 
gastronomically Swedish) is 
the nicest character Posy 
Simmonds ever invented and 
an exuberant hostess, with the 
best buried lox or curried 
salmon you'll ever taste. She 
subjects beef fillet to the same 
process with astounding re- 
sults. Sometimes, though not 
last week, her menu includes a 
dish called lax pudding which 
comprises layers of salted 
salmon, waxy potato and 
cream. Currem dishes are not 
much less sumptuous — duck 
breast with red cabbage, meat- 
balls in a creamy sauce. 

The short, eclectic wine list 
is well chosen and not greedily 
priced. Sweets are not quite as 
special as they were 1 S months 
ago. A pear poached in red 
wine was brutalized by 
overflavoured cinnamon ice- 
cream and another home- 
made ice-cream, orange and 
quite delicious, was no match 
for the hefty brownie-like 
chocolate cake that sat beside 
it Two will pay about £40. 

Minogues 8 Theberton 

Street, London N1 (01-354 
52 20), Tues-Sat 7-1 1pm. 

Anna’s Place 90 Milamay 
Park, London N1 (01- 
249 9379), Tues-Sat 12.30- 
2.30pm and 7.1 5-10.1 5pm. 

Send a g& wrapped bottled 
champagne and a canlw* vow 
pesoral Christmas message. 

Or far AwWeaaites. BMhdajs, 
tinu Bpa g ie.imfl turn any 
occasion fotoaottratfon! 

Please ask far our brednoe and 
keep our number fcrfame use. 


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'Last sight’s Arena (BBC2) 
' wry much a party politi- 
m h w d o st on behalf of fe 
. artist Gerald Scarfe. Written, 
jaeseoted and directed by this 
mw Med banker, it was a 

terms. *1 fed that I present a 
Uand mask to Ac world,” he 

portrait turned oat to be a 
caricature of this blandness. 

chesterfield in a large white 
stadie, he rambled mreamrk- 
ably about not knowing 
whether “Fm an artist or a 
banker deep Inside me*. 

His most lucid confession 
was that he was a r omantir- 
*Tbe distance between what I 
want to see and the reality I 
knew is there - that’s what 
I’m drawing, the gap 

Anthony Waifs production 
was enlivened by some witty 
POtteresqne drama sequences 
of Scarfe’s early asthmatic 

Irving Wardle witnesses a mighty performance by Anthony Hopkins 


King Lear 


enough maybe, bat without the 
'hones, tissue and guts of bis 
best work. 

Alla- blanching at Scarfe’s 
Mack and white depictions, ft 
is hard to hug he Hamid 

Bp ngaii mi u nytfijngnrtn y tlmii 

Midkey Moose or Nra» as a 
'monad of rotting meat. After 
watching the hand behind the 
pen far an hoar, (me was left 
with the image of a man with 

a big BMW who drove round 
'asking former employers why 
they thought be was a genius. 
Naturally, they came over as 
amusedly nonplussed. Richard 
Ingrams said he was the only 
person who would do some- 
thing really savage and Peter 
Cook did an impersonation of 
< MaoodUan. 

Not that Scarfe was any 
more revealing about his nn- 

ainstratfon of his own life in 
the studio. At the end, when he 

thing pots of paint over all the 

signposts and crossroads he 
had drawn, one's first thought 
was “What a mess”, and one’s 
second, “What a waste of 
paint”. Very latent indeed was 
the hunch f*w? * fbfo was a 
memorable, significant, 
Whistlerian statement. 

The worst aspect of *Atto 
’AOo (BBC1) is not its toste- 
lessness but its absolute lack 
of humom 1 . White it is no 
donbt possible to write a fimny 
comedy about Hitter (The 
Producers) h just seems 
unfbrgrveable to do it badly. 




Sonthside Johnny 
and the Asbury 

Town and Country 

As Graham Parker and Q- 
Tips would no doubt attest, 
the white soul revue is a 
formula that is loved by many 
but bought by few. Bruce 
Springsteen sells more records 
in a day than Southside 
Johnny Lyon has sold in the 
li years since be formed die 
Asbury Jukes with Steve Van 
Zandt, but seeing the eight 

&*¥ gb*"b Hr nwiangina HuUibf ib*v m 
WWHf Brawn. Srafi ml sare® mmb. 
FMaitarir flBachn md DvWttr amiitacaBd b, 
hum non mu* « buck. «n*. 
radon) pa. from Henris Barton Soap, UMr 

j» ttoa p + o. 



Jukes take the stage with 
limber ease (me did not get the 
impression that this was a 
team that backed losers. 

A version of the Dusty 
Springfield hit “I Only Want 
To Be With You” that owed 
more to The Tourists’ arrange- 
ment was not a promising way 
to start, and highlighted 
Lyon’s problem as a non- 
songwriter. the choice of suit- 
able material Similarly, The 
Drifters’ “Up On The Roof” 
and The Four Tops’ “Walk 
Away Renee” were 
shoehorned into unseemly 
shapes by Lyon's 
throaty singing which lacked 
the finesse ‘ required 
by such songs. 

But when he locked into the 
.high-eneigy Springsteen raver 
“Talk To Me”, there was a 
magic in the air that is rarely 
translated on to record. The 
horn section of Joe Kaminski 
(trumpet), Bobby Ferrel ; 
(trombone), and Joey Straw 
(saxophone) broke into an 1 
incandescent sequence of trill- | 
fog fanfar es and nothing was ' 
left to stand in the way of a 
great night's entertainment 

David Sinclair 

One of the most painful 
moments in this fine David 
Hare production comes when 
the already-poisoned Regan 

(Suzanne Bertish) fixes her 
eyes on Edmund and makes 
the anguished appeal: “Speak 
troth”. One veteran Bar is 
appealing to another, in small 
hope of getting anything more 

than another lie. 

This is not a, concept 
production. It is ' a dean, 
impassioned exercise in 
theatrical narrative. But one 
thing it does reveal is the 
extent to which Lear consists 
of such appeals, from the 
king’s opening question to die 
funereal interrogations on the 

Apart from Hayden 
Griffin’s three giant sky- 
cloths, the stage is bare and 
there is no attempt to buikl up 
any visible image of Lear’s 
Britain. What the show does 
build up is a moral world: 
beginning in an atmosphere of 
fixed values where the old 
hierarchy is accompanied by 
a ssump t i ons of loyalty and 
affections of the blood; all of 
which are then perverted and 
denied. It is not only Lear who 
feels the earth sfirnug away 
from under his feet 

This is not a process that 
lends itself to the exhibition of 
villainy. If there is a weak 
performance ix is Dougins 
Hodge’s Edmond, who 
presents the standard figure of 
a fresh-faced grinning young 
MacfaiaveHi. From that begin- 
ning there are no more discov- 
eries for him to make, and he 
simply pursues an un- 
obstructed career to the top as 
the means by which other 
characters undergo mis- 
fortune and corruption. 

Otherwise the production 
presents a journey in which 
everybody is changed. Goneril 
and Regan dearly have no 
villainous plot in mind. They 
know their father’s weak- 
nesses and fall in with his 
requirements for die sake of a 
quiet life. 

One of the great excite- 
ments is to witness the sense 
of power gradually dawning 
on them. Anna Massey is left 
shaking with terror after his 
first curse, while Suzanne 
Bertish responds to similar 
treatment by suddenly snap- 
ping and driving him bodily 

for appeal 

Donald Goapar 

blind walk to Dover, 
brusquely shaking off Edgar's 
protecting arm, prefects a 
cycle of disillusion, agony and 
resignation no less emo- 
tionally piercing than Lear’s. 
If there is one sublime mo- 
ment it is in ther reunion, 
with Lear hugging Ins old 
acquaintance; patting his head 
and finally remembering his 

Hopkins’s Lear is stupen- 
dous. As you would expect, it 
is of the veteran oak rather 
than withered aspen variety. 
At tire opening he is still full of 
vigour and, in abdicating, he is 
giving up something real The 
body is bent forward in hurry 
and the voice hoarse with 
years of command. As he 
ascends into spirals of rage it 
on almost tire sound of a 
megaphone. For all his lack of 
pomp, he is dearly an impos- 
sible rmm 10 live With. 

Hopkins regularly breaks 
the line ending* and his 
delivery consists of short, 
forceful hammer blows 
conveying both the power of 
the man and the short- 
windedness of age. As the 
performance proceeds tins has 
the effect of isolating its 



St John’s . 

crucial turning points; as in 
the “Hear Nature” speech, 
when he addresses ihe goddess 
as one of his menials, or. 

unforgettably, at the end when 
the five “nevers” are sobbed 

Madness imm; Anthony Hopkins and Bill Nighy 

across the stage, then standing 
in amazement at what she has 
done. Every such change is 
precisely articulated and given 
time to swing the action into a 
narrower circle of be!L 
The centre of the show is 
jointly occupied by Lear and 
Gloucester. Everybody knows 
that tire sub-plot duplicates 
the mam plot What is un- 
common is to have both sides 
presented in equal focus. Mi- 
chael Bryant’s Gloucester has 
nothing like the weight of 

Anthony Hopkins’s Lear, but 
this is a question of the 
separate styles of the charac- 
ters rather than their relative 

Gloucester, physically muti- 
lated, escapes mental destruc- 
tion; and he belongs to the 
world of reason. He, rather 
than Lear, is the philosopher 
of chaos, where Lear is its 

Bryant’s performance, from 
his tenderly loving first scene 
with Edmund through to his 

out, each an elegy in itself 

Z could have wished for a 
better partnership than he has 
with Roshan Seth as the Fool, 
an unsmiling, hectoring 
companion who spits out the 
advjce with head-on direct- 
ness wctwid of with the 
obliqueness of a licensed 

The storm scene is only 
partly successful. It contains a 
marvellous moment when, at 
the instant that Lear’s reason 
cracks, the thunder falls silent 
and the stage is bathed in 
dear, calm fight for the prayer 
and tribunal. Offset against 
this is the strenuous see-saw 
between storm effects and text 
which nullifies the 

scene in spite of Hayden 
Griffin's displays of scudding 

Costume, which mingles 
robes with modern French 
rainwear and soldiers kitted 
out in yellow jumpsuits and 
sombreros, is an eccentric 
distraction. Novelties with 
more to recommend them are 
Bill Nimby’s treatment of Poor 
Tom as a lapsed Osrie, and 
Basil Henson’s Malvoliolike 

It sounds infimtdy plead- 
able to be Maurice Ohana, but 
maybe the option is nuhw 
thfsoft side. The music is 
gentle, inviting,, and 
turesque, evidencing Ohana s 
long French residence in ns 
echoes of Debussy and 
Messiaen, yet having a water- 
colour washiness and a close- 
ness to the distant past that 
could suggest almost any 
shore of the Mediterranean. 
Ohana can invoke Ovid or 
flamenco, Greece or Islam, 
within a world of generally 
slow, tonally indecisive me- 
lodic rhapsodizing that is 
undeniably bis own. 

One just wishes, at tire end 
of a whole programme of his 
rmwpv- that the vis on were 
more detailed, that the 
imagination had been made to 
work a little harder, that there 
were not so many undulating 
fines wandering lazily in 
nns iirprismg rhythms through 
— however beautiful — 

Satyres — a duet for flutes 
taking place, one would imag- 
ine, a little later in the faun’s 
afternoon — was languorous in 


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counterpoifflBgo^r an 

effective quart* nmn tire 
unlikely ensemble « <W 

viola, dooMe bass, anopiaM. 

Paul Roberts answwed me 
challenge in these wooo « 
making the piano tnto^ a 
euphonious and versatile 
pe rcussi on orchestra. 

The final and biffiest piece 
vras the Mass for voices, 
percussion, organ, and a ro- 
bust quintet of reeds awl 
brass, in which Odahne fa 
Martinez conducted the BBC 
Singers arwd tire Lontano en- 
semble, with Francoise Kubler 
and T.inda Hirst as the 

soloists. . . . 4 . 

Though designated by the 
composer as suitable for litur- 
gical use, this seems a celebra- 
tion of older gods than Christ, 
in its stark, brig ht ch ords, its 
peasant keening from the pair 
of soloists, mid again its 
lapping, effortless at- 
mospheric indolence. 

Paul Griffiths 


Royal Ballet 

Covent Garden 

When Young Apollo was first 
presented by the Royal Ballet 
in November 1984 there was 
well-deserved praise for the 
score which Gordon Crosse 
had developed using a short, 

youthful piece by Bntten as its 

starting point; lor the imagi- 
native and beautifully-shaped 
choreography by David Bint- 
ley; for the three fine 
backdoths by Victor Pasmore 
and for the way all those 
elements came together. 

There was just one snag, but 
that a big one. At the final 
rehearsals it became dear that 
the many solo entries for the 
title role, which had been 
manageable separately, were 
going, when brought together, 
to exhaust Mark Silver to the 
point where he could only 
struggle through the ballet by 
not really doing justice to the 

Bintley’s solution for the 
present revival has been to 
share out the role among three 
men, one for each movement 
of the music, which show the 
separate stages of the growth 
into godhead. The t ransition s 
work smoothly, fart unfortu- 
nately this remedy has not 
really bad the desired effect. 

In each of two casts, some 
passages work better than 
before. The still unknowing 
boy is sketched with some 
energy by Ashley Page but his 
power soon tails off Antony 
Dowson in that same section 
is more even but less inspired. 

Silver manages rather well 
in tire central section, where 
Apollo first tries his art, 
coached by the goddesses; 
Stephen Beagley, however, 
much less so. Phillip 
Broomhead and, even more, 
Jonathan Cope, lead the finale 
quite powerfully. But there is 
still a lack; the movement 
does not grow as it should and 
there is no commanding pres- 
ence to focus the physical or 
emotional patterns. 

John Perdval 

Anthony Hopkins as Lear 

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Prize buffoonery 

J Was a Dark and Stormy 

«S^ by ^ RiC9 


compiled and edited by 
E.O. Parrott (Penguin, £ 2.951 

“The dark can be scarv 
thought Todd, if you’re you or, 
impressionable, intoxicated, 
out of gas, naked, and are 
forced to sit on vinyl seats." 
That sentence was one of 
more than 10,000 entries in 
the Bulwer-Lytton Fiction 
Contest, organized by a dan- 
gerous and irresponsible wit. 
who is the Professor of English 
at San Jose State University. 

Entrants were invited to 
compose the opening sentence 
of the worst of all possible 
novel 5 , and the contest ev- 
idently rang a bell with the 
reading public. It was named 
after the Victorian novelist 
who is remembered chiefly for 
The Last Days of Pompeii 
(wfaich has the distinction of 
being even worse than the 
three dreadful films that have 
been made of it). Snoopy in 
Peanuts always opens his nov- 
els with: "It was a dark and 
stormy night-'* Bulwer-Lytton 
un fortunately went on: “It was 

a dark and stormy night; the 
rain fell in torrents— except at 
occasional intervals, when it 
was checked by a violent gust 
of wind which swept pp the 
streets (for it is in London that 
our scene lies), rattling along 
the housetops, and fiercely 
agitating the scanty flame of 
the lamps that struggled 
against the darkness.” 

The winner, offered a 
fellowship not to write, wrote: 
“The lovely woman-child Kaa 
was mercilessly chained to the 
cruel post of the warrior-chief 
Beast, with his barbarian tribe 
now stacking wood at her 
nubile feet, when the strong 
clear voice of the poetic and 
heroic Handsomas roared, 
'Flick your Bic, crisp that 
chide, and you’ll feel my sled 
through your last meaL’ " 

The world is full enough of 
terrible books that one has to 
read in the line of duty, 
without inviting die punters to 
write the rubbish deliberately. 

Parrott's parodies and lit- 
erary encapsulations, written 
by professionals, are much 
funnier and more useful, en- 
abling you to gel through the 
gist of Eng. Lit. at a sitting, if 
you can stop laughing long 
enough to read. 

Philip Howard 

New Stones and old gems 

Joyce MacDonald 


New Mod©! Army: The Ghost 
of Cain (EMI EMC 3516) 

The ft ffing Stones: Dirty Work 
(Rolling Stones CBS 86321} 

■ Run DwC: Raising Hefi 
(London LONLP 21) 

Big Audio Dynamite: No 10 
Upping 8 t (CBS 4501371) 
Cameo; Word Up (Cfub 
JABH 19) 

Part Simon: Qracetend 

(Warner Brothers 
WX52 925447-1) 

Petar Gabriel: So (Virgin PG5) 
Richard Thompson: 

Dangerous Adventures 
(Polydor POLD 5202) 

The Robert Cray Band: Strong 
Persuader (Mercury MERH 97) 
Rainer and Das Combo: 
Barefoot Rock With... (Making 
Waves SPIN 211) 

With the variety of styles 
favoured in 1986 — hip hop, 
jazz, blues, politico-pop, Af- 
rican - to categorize an artist’s 
music as simply “rode” is now 
widely taken as pejorative. 

But my tavounte album of 
the year was nevertheless the 
desperately unfashionable 
New Model Army’s The Ghost 
of Cain, one of a handful of 
releases that hung on to the 
principal tenets of rock - loud 
guitars, abrasive lyrics and a 
macho beat - without retread- 
ing the same old riffs and 
promoting the tired, hard 
rocking bravado that has 
earned it a bad name. 

Incredibly, 23 years down 
the road, the Rolling Stones 
turned the same trick with 
Dirty Work, an album that 
drew glowing reviews from 
both Melody Maker and the 
NME. That Jagger could sing 
“I’ve been climbing this tree 
of promises for over 40 years” 
with such a howl of scorn in 
“Hold Back" was a touching 
measure of the group’s endur- 
ing faith in an increasingly 
tatty dream. 

Hip hop is surely the most 
exciting development in rock 
since the heady days of punk, 
but its impact has been muted 
by hs organic formulation of a 
musical and lyrical code that 
either baffles or repulses the 
uncommitted listener. Run 
DMC made a sensible pact 
with heavy rock and went 
direct from the street to the 
stadia, taking their album 
Raising Hell to number three 
in the US charts. 

Big Audio Dynamite went 
at it the other way around, 
grafting hip hop's beatbox 
vocabulary of “found” sounds 
and rhythms on to an ortho-' 
dox rode band infrastructure. 

Altered states 


Webern, Berg, Schoenberg: 
Works for string orchestra 
Junge Deutsche Philharmonic 
/Gulke (EMI EL 16 9588 1) 
Kurfdg: Messages of the late 
R.V. Troussova, Scenes from 
a Novel Csengery, other 
musicians (Hungaroton SLPX 
12776 - black disc) 

It is a stimulating programme 
of adaptations that the keen 
strings of the German national 
youth orchestra offers. Ail 
three works came about in the 
late Twenties as a result of a 
suggestion from the publisher 
of Schoenberg. Berg and We- 
bern that orchestral versions 
would help propagate their 
string quartets. Webern took 
the idea very seriously, and 
made of Ws Five Movements 
2 n object lesson in changing 

the medium but not the idea: 
the version for symphonic 
strings takes advantage of the 
extra richness and finesse. 

Berg's way of making the 
change was more simply to 
select three movements from 
his Lyric Suite that already 
seemed latently orchestral, 
while Schoenberg offered an 
oddly unconvincing, straight 
transcription of his Second 
Quartet The effect is to 
domesticate an original work 
that lives at the bleak edges of 
musical experience. 

The new Kurtag record 
happily coincides with the 
Arts Council touring recital of 
his music. Messages has al- 
ready appeared on a record 
vital for the Birtwistle on the 
other side, but the still more 
fragmentary Scenes are newly 

Paul Griffiths 


celebrates his 80th birthday today 

producing an exhilarating sec- 
ond album. So 10 Upping St, 
but Cameo wrapped up the 
whole thing with Word Up, an 
album that integrated all the 
latest nuances of rap, hip hop 
and streetwise funk with suave 
soul, a polished rock finis h 
and classy humour. 

Paul Simon's superb 
Grace/and prompted a surge 
of international interest in the 
work of Mack African mu- 
sicians, while Peter Gabriel, 
who has long bom in the 
business of appropriating 
sounds, rhythms and inspira- 
tion from African music, cap- 
italized handsomely with So, 

In a year of mega-releases 
by Queen, Genesis, Madonna, 
the Police, Eurhythmies and 
Springsteen, it was hardly 
surprising that Richard 
Thompson's Dangerous 
Adventures should have been 
buried at birth. But it was still 
a plangent and incisiv e album 
by an artist who deserved, if 
noi the sales, then at least the 
kind of critical accolades that 
were heaped with such aban- 
don on Elvis Costello's two 
disappointing releases. 

While Robert Cray with 
Strong Persuader took a 
“Noes” album into the Top SO 
for the first time since the year 
dot, the little known Rainer 
and Das Combo released 
Barefoot Rock With . . - These 
guys play the blues with a 
clarity, economy and off-the- 
wall verve that suggests the 
style had been invented yes- 
terday an d this is undoubtedly 
the album I will cherish most 
from 1986. 

David Sinclair 


Duke BBnaton: The Blanton- 
Webster Band (RCA/Bluettrd 
5659-1 -RB, 4 discs) 

Charfle Parker Bird at the 
Roost Vote 1-3 (RCA/Savoy 
WL 70541/70825/70831 , 5 

Read the work of 
this remarkable 
writer, mystic and 
explorer in 
paperback in 

Watch nut for Testament to the Bushmen, presented by 
Sir Laurens van der Post, on BBC TV in the New Year. 

'One of the most readable novels 
of the year 7 Sunday Times 


An Olympic team consists of 
six players a side, but even 
more important than the role 
of any one individual is the 
part played by the team 
captain. Loss of morale 
through the feeling that the 
captain is not giving his 
players the highest priorities 
can lose valuable points. 

England is fortunate in 
having David Anderton, 
OBE, as the leader of our 
squad. He has been in charge 
since 1972, and in the 
Olympics of 1976, 1984 and 
1986, under his expert guid- 
ance, our team has won 
respectively the bronze, silver 
and silver medals. The team's 
latest performance at Dubai 
firmly places us in the world 
number two slot, behind the 
Russians (USSR 40 points, 
England 3916, USA 3816, 
Hungary 34%}. 

The Soviet side at Dubai 
suffered at first from indirec- 
tion in their team captaincy; 
that was until the energetic 
new President of their Feder- 
ation arrived. Alex 
Cfaik vaidze, a former diplo- 


The value 
of true 

mat who served many years 
in the London Embassy, 
rallied his men and pushed 
them to a climactic perfor- 
mance over the last three 
rounds, which just captured 
the gold medals. 

There is now much enthu- 
siasm for a four-round match 
between the gold and silver 
medal winners, which might 
be held partly in London mid 
partly in Moscow. 

Here is one England win 
from the Dubai match 
against the USSR (drawn 2- 
2): Thanks are due to 
merchant bankers Duncan 
Lawrie for their invaluable 
help in sponsoring the Eng- 
lish team. 

White: John Nunn; Black: 
Andrei Sokolov. Sicilian De- 

1 *4 


2 HQ 


3 dW 


4 MnU 


5 Nc3 


9 Bag 


7 M3 


8 M 




[ J An absorbing saga 
| Jf of the 'Inside' 

of tradition and 
fiBBl fa ith . . - and the 
clash with the 
'Outside' of the 

l|||jg| By the author of 

The Winds of War 

i 'SURE GENIUS presents these all-time 
favourites elegantly 
adapted to a large 
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t wider variety of fun is hard to 
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uu me an ace c*« tbsc ettt One I mm tMc j mm *sc 1 Ml dsc tin due 


* a 

Frank Sinatra: The Votae/The 
Columbia Years 1943-52 (CBS 
C 6 X 40343, 6 discs) 

Wynton Marsalis; J Mood 
(CBS 57068) 

Alvin Queen: Jammin' Uptown 
(Nifva NO 3413) 

Stan Tracey's Hexack Live at 
Ronnie Scotfs Club (Steam SJ 

La Mysfore des Voix Brtgare 
MAD CAD 603) 

Toni Takenritau: flan (Philips 

Bsngjtes: Different Light (CBS 

Staple Stagers: Pray On (New 
Cross GNC 1002) 

Another year like this one, and 
we shall have to start believing 
the people who say that there 
are no leaders left in jazz. A 
series of distinguished reissues 
is scant compensation for the 
lack of freshly minted vinyl 
masterpieces from the idiom's 
major figures. 

RCA’s box of Duke Elling- 
ton recordings from 1940-42, 
titled The Blanton-Webster 
Band after two of its remark- 
able constituents, collects ma- 
terial that should be a 
cornerstone of any jazz collec- 
tion. The many individual 
colours and wonderful in- 
ternal balance of the ensemble 
formed the perfect vehicle for 
such- fxgmrite compositions 
as “Ko Ko’\ “Harlem 
Airshaft”, “Warm Valley”, 

“Bojangles” and “Dusk”. 

Well recorded in the first 
place, these 66 pieces are 
further illuminated by digital 
remastering. Jimmy Blanton’s 
pioneering double-bass work 
comes into even dearer focus; 
Ben Webster’s inimitable 
tenor saxophone swings “Cot- 
ton Tail” and caresses “Chel- 
sea Bridge”; among the other 
soloists are Joe Nanton, Bar- 
ney Bigard. Cootie Williams 
and Johnny Hodges. 

By contrast. Bird at the 
Roost (available only as two 
double-albums and a single 
LP) is about the individual 
voice of jazz’s greatest im- 
proviser, preserved in leg- 
endary New York radio 
broadcasts from the Royal 
Roost night club in 1948 and 
'49. Charlie Parker's talent 
was so extraordinary that the 
short hairs still rise on the 
neck as bis alto saxophone 
hurtles headlong into “Hot 
House” “Scrapple from the* 
Apple” and “Ornithology”. 

Frank Sinatra's finest work 
was achieved in collaboration 
with Nelson Riddle in the late 
1950s, but The Voice, CBS's 
elegant (and, again, digitally 
remastered) compilation of 
his earlier work, shows an 
artist not far from greatness. 
Several of these 72 songs were 
later reconsidered under 
Riddle's baton; compare the 
darker shades of the mature 
versions of “Laura” and “One 
for My Baby” with the youth- 
ful ardour of these readings, 
arranged by Axel Stordahl, a 
master of both dose-up and 
wide-screen composition. 

Wynton Marsalis seems en- 
couragingly intent on testing 

This was condemned 50 
years ago, but Sokolov does 
not appear to be a student of 
chess history. 

| a mo* w m am 

Artificial, but if 11 _ Nfe 12 
fire 6 fxe 6 13 Rxf 6 ! gxfo 

14 Qh5+ Kd 8 15 Qf7 Lasker- 
Pirc, Moscow 1935 

12 Qg* 

Even stronger is 12 fxe 6 fxe 6 

13 e5! dxe5 14 QhS+ 

12 _ mi «oia ms 

Or 14„ Bxd4 15 Qxf7+ Kd 8 
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Threatening Nd 6 +. 

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If 20 Rg 8 21 Qxffi exd4 22 
Qf7+ Kd 8 23 Rxd4+ Bd7 24 
Qf 8 +. 

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Black resigns 

There is no good recapture. A 
dashing win by John Nunn. 

Raymond Keene 


dose shave victory 

The Four Continents tour- 
nament, which preceded the 
Minihouse Marathon in 
Rotterdam, was a spectacular 
success, despite the last 
minute defection of Brazil. 

In the first round, the 
Netherlands defeated Israel 
21-9 VPs, while Indonesia 
beat Canada 22-8 VPs. Then 
a dull set of boards provided 
tight victories (16-14) for the 
Netherlands over Indonesia 
and Israel over Canada. With 
few match points changing 
hands, this deal proved 
derisive in the clash between 
the leaders. 

Game all. Dealer South 

♦ J76 
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♦ 09 42 
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uncomfortable discard in the 

Manoppo derided to part 
with a spade. Armed with an 
accurate count, the Dutch 
pair extracted the maximum. 
Mulder played a spade to 
Rebattu’s Queen, and when 
Rebattu returned the 010. 
declarer could enjoy his . 
diamond but was forced to 
surrender the last three dub 
tricks, for a penalty of 300. 

The Netherlands went on 
to win the event by the 
narrowest margin. 

The Netherlands 56 VPs; 
Indonesia 55 VPs; Israel 36 
VPs; Canada 33 VPs. The 
Indonesians took their re- 
venge in the Minihouse 
marathon with a clear-cut 
victory over a quality field. 

Jeremy Flint 


his skill in every conceivable 
context. The gnomicaUy titled 
J Mood found him cruising 
through the basic trumpet- 
and-rhythm format, creating 
music whose suave exterior 
failed to conceal the intense 
intellectual activity within. 

Two hard-blowing sessions 
fairly reproduced foe sensa- 
tion of a ringside seat: Hexad, 
one of foe liveliest bands Stan 
Tracey has led, was in feet 
Live at Ronnie Scott's, while 
on Jammin' Uptown foe tal- 
ented drummer/leader Alvin 
Queen created the illusion in a 
New York recording studio. 
The saxophonist Jamie Talbot 
and foe trumpeter Terence 
Blanchard were the solo stars, 

The surprise cull hit of foe 
year was Le Mystere des Voix 
Bulgares. female vocal music 
of haunting purity suspended 
somewhere between Russian 
Orthodox liturgy and foe 
classical singing of southern 
India. Toni Takemitsu's ! 
soundtrack to Kurosawa's 
majestic Ran (unreleased in 
Britain, but available as an 
import from France) exerted a 
similar exotic appeaL 

The Bangles' Different Light 
had more than its fair share of 
foe year’s best pop songs 
(notably Jules Shear’s perfect 
“If She Knew What She 
Wants”), packaged with the 
energy and variety of foe pre- 
psychedelic Beatles. But for 
emotional punch, nothing 
could rival the raw power of 
Pray On, an anthology of foe 
Staple Singers' gospel record- 
ings from 1955-61. 

Richard Williams 





Anxiety is growing among art 
students over a decision by foe 
Univercity of London to dis- 
pose of its comprehensive 
collection of slides of works of 
art, due to declining funds. 

library director Victor 
Parry says the university will 
be unable to afford annual 
running costs of around 
£55,000 to maintain foe 

Colleges are being invited to 
form a consortium to take it 
over, and Parry assures me 
there is no truth In rumours 
that it may be sold to an 
American university. How- 
ever an association of extra- 
mural lecturers, which regards 
foe slides as a unique educa- 
tional resource, is urging foe 
university to reconsider. 

Sound of fury 

Two concerts performed by 
foe Britten- Pears Orchestra 
for foe American forces and 
their families in Suffolk have 
sparked a controversy. The 
irony is foal foe ensemble 
bears foe names of two !of 
music's most celebrated paci- 
fists — Britten was a CND 
supporter and founder of Mu- 
sicians for Peace, and Pears 
was a patron of Musicians 
Against Nuclear Arms. Bruce 
Kent of CND says: “They will 
do no honour to people’s 
memories with this.” 

Britten and Pears 

The Aide burgh Foundation, 
which staged the concerts, is 
unrepentant General man- 
ager Kenneth Baird says to 
decide who may or may not 
enjoy classical music is to 
tread a dangerous path. The 
Americans are appreciative 
and endeavour not to fly their 
warplanes over the Mai tings 
during concerts. 

•A timely warning about the 
hazards of new technology is 
provided by a note in the 
Barbican Centre official pro- 
gramme: “A more modern 
distraction than the congh is 
foe chiming digital watch. 
Both audience and performers 
wo old appreciate these being 
turned off or suppressed.” ; 

’Ear, ’ear 

Silence may be golden but not 
when you are starring in foe 
West End Patrick Macnee 
tells me he had to wear a 
hearing aid on the opening 
night of Killing Jessica at foe 
Savoy Theatre, due to 
infection that had rendered 
him stone deaf in one ear. The 
problem cleared up foe next 
day, somewhat to Macnee's 
regret — apparently foe aid 
transformed foe applause into 
something like a roar in a 
football stadium. 

Silly survey? 

1 imiteri funds have not de- 
terred foe Arts Council from 
contributing £7,000 towards a 
major consumer survey by foe 
Royal Philharmonic Or- 
chestra. The aim is to find out 
why audiences shun contem- 
porary music in favour of the 
traditional classics. Could it 
be simply that they don't like 

1 Gavin Bell 

C*£M9S D = Hoi auMMia w, Bui cwtnoff soon 1 f • «El£ 93 

♦ A 105 
O A J 93 

* K98 

In foe closed room, foe 
Indonesian East-West pah- 
advanced to three no tramps, 
despite an opening bid by 
South. As is so often the case, 
25 points with no suit to run 
proved insufficient ammuni- 
tion, and eight tricks proved 
the limit. 100 to the Nether- 

This was the bidding in foe 
open room. 

Mulder Manoppo 

Opening lead *2 

The Indonesian diamond is 
an opening bid that promises 
no more than a gossamer 
boldiog is foe suit, which 
explains Lasut's reluctance to 
pass. Initially, Manoppo 
must have been delighted 
that his ode’s bidding had 
apparently talked his oppo- 
nents ont of game. Of course 
he couldn’t know that East- 
West's superior point count 
would not be enough to 
produce a game. 

Rebattu and Mulder played 
foe sort of defence that 
doubtless earned them bush- 
els of points in foe recent 
Pairs Olympiad in Miam i, 
where they finished sixth. 

Rebattu (West) started with 
a .spade,, and declarer cap- 
tured Mulder’s King with foe 
Ace. With no obvious place 
to look for honey, declarer 
played a diamond to 
dummy's 0Q and Mulder's 
OK. Mulder switched to a 
heart and the defence took 
foeir four tricks in foe suit,- 
outline Manonno to 


Prizes of the New Collins Thesaurus will be given for the first two 
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solution will be announced on Saturday, December 20, ] 986. 


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Station got his first chance to 
conduct m Britain when he replaced 
the indisposed Sir Adrian Boult That 
was 12 years ago, since when he has 
become one of the few Americans to 
head a major American orchestra 

/Jj A. I A - - 

now conducts the London Symphony 
Orchestra in the Dvorak Cello 
Concerto and Tchaikovsky 
Symphony No 6. Barbican Centre 
fu1 -628 8795), today, 7.45pm. 


Campbell made her name in the 
Dermis Potter television serai. 
Pennies From Heaven, and went on 
to play Vera Brittain in Testament of 
Youth, but she has recently been 
more active on the stage than the 
screen. She has the tftfe role of the 
wanton spouse tempted away from 
her husband by London high life in 
William Wycherley's Restoration 
comedy. The Country Wife , in a new 
production by Nicholas Hytner. Royal 
Exchange Theatre, Manchester (061- 
833 9833). From Wednesday. 


YAROOb B9y Binder and his 
Greyfriars chums made a memorable 
television series a few years ago but 
have rarely appeared on radio. Now 
comes an adaptation of B&y 
Burner's Christmas Party, trie fifth of 
the 38 BuntBr books penned by 
Frank Richards, in which the Fat Owl 
of the Remove invites his pals to 
celebrate the festive season at his 
unde’s giansion. One of the 
advantages of radio is that Bunter 
can be played by an actor, Hugh 
Thomas, who weighs in at a mere 9% 
stone. Radio 4, today, 7-8-30pm. 


. DISAPPEARING ACT: Arthur Davies, 

| the best element in Covent Garden's 
Travfata recently, returns to the 
English National Opera for The Diary 
of One who Disappeared. Paul 
Crossley plays the challenging piano 
solo in what is reckoned to the first 
professional staging of Janacek's 
song cycle In Britain. It shares a 
double biQ with the same composer's 
Osud\Fate) In the acclaimed 
production by David Pountney, who 
, also directs D^/y. London Coliseum 
; St Martin’s Lane WC2 (01-836 3161), 

| from Friday in repertory. 


PUBLIC VEWfcGenM Brockhurat 
left London for America in 1 939 
following relevaifons of an affair with 
a teenage model and died nearly 40 
years later at the age of 88. He was 
an outstanding draughtsman and 
during the 1930s he was Britain’s 
highest paid society portrait painter. 
His picture of the Duchess of 
Windsor (above), done in 1939 and 
not previously seen in public, is 
included in the first comprehensive 
survey of his work for 50 years. 
Graves Art Gallery, Surrey Street, 
Sheffield (0742 734780), from today. 


Hrr SQUAD: ®£!L. n 

leads the most successful American 
chart group of tfiis decade. Kool and 
the Gang nave had more US hits in 
the Eighties than Michael Jackson, 
PrinasorDire Straits. A Washington 
journalist described their show as the 

kind of spectacle that would result 

Steven Spielberg were to produce a 
combination of Sixties soul revue 
and Eighties funkathon". Wembley 
Arena (01-902 1234), tonight and 
tomorrow; Brighton Centre (0273 
202881), Tuesday; NEC, Birmingham 
(021-7804133), Friday. 



Sixteen, conducted by Harry 
Christophers, offer five 
doeeJy-epaced chances of 
hearinq Handel's Messiah Itvs 
week. The first is at 7pm 
tonight In the Shektonfan 
theatre, Oxford, the rest at St 
John's. The Sixteen, with only 
18 choral voices and an 
orchestra of 17, present 
intimate baroque-styled 
I nterp reta tions of Messiah as a 
sacred oratorio, not as a 

, Sat 


BERTIN1/LSO: Gary Bertinl’s 
tom to conduct the LSO, in 
Tchaflcovsky's Symphony No 5 
and Brahms’s Piano Concerto 
No 1 , where the soloist is 
Krystian Zknerman. 

Festival Hall, South Bank, 
London SE1 (01-928 3191). 
Tomorrow, 3.1 5pm. 

masterpieces for two pianos, 
Stravinsky's Concerto and 
Messiaen s Visions de I' Amen, 
are played byJuBan Jacobson 
and AriarewBafl along with the 
London premiere of Casksn's 

Wigmors Han, 36 Wlgmore 
Street, London W1 (01- 
935 2141). Mon, 7.30pm. 

conducted by Sir Georg SoW In 
Mahler's Symphony No 5, and 
for BartOk's Piano Concerto 
No 3 Andres Schiff is at the 

Festival Hal. Mon, 7.30pm. 

M THE HELDS: tone Brown 
conducts the Academy of St 
Martin-in-the-Fiekte to a Core# 
Concerto Grosso and plays the 
viofin in Vivaldi's Seasons. 
Wifllam Bennett {days the flute 
ft Bach's State No 2. 

Festival HaH.Tues, 7.30pm. 

Stephenson, winner of the 
1986 Terence Judd Award, 
i Beethoven's Piano 
i Op 26, six Debussy 
Pr&udes, Liszt's Va06e 
(TObermannand Dante 

Wigmore HaH. Wed, 730pm. 

SO under Gennadi 
Rozhdestvensky gives the 
West European premiere of the 
Russian composer Alfred 
Schnittke's Symphony No 1. 
This involves the participation 
of jazz pianist Rein Ranhap 
and jazz vtoirtst Pavel MegL 
Festival Hall. Wed, 7.30pm. 


PHOTOGRAPHY: Fascinating, ' 
amusing and at times 
controwrsiaJ show divided Into 
four categories: Man, Fashion, 
Metaphor and Dog Days. Most 
top names represented and 
some very funny pictures, too. 
Watch out for Carl Glassman’s 

i York. 

Midland Group, 24-32 Carton 
Street, Hockley, Nottingham 
(0602582 636/ 


first London performance by 
Sadler's Wete Royal Ballet of 
Peter and the Won, a new 
dance arranged by Covent 
Garden star Stephen Jefferies, 
. Margaret Barbieri ft Pavlova's 
Dragonfly solo, appearances 
by Wayne Sleep and the Jiving 
Lftdy Hoppers are among the 
attractions of a gala, 
tomorrow, for cfndren and 
their parents in aid of one- 
parent famifies. The 6pm 
curtain-rise is also planned for 

Sadler's Weds (01-278 6916). 

Wright's production of The 
Nutcracker, with 
Rozhdestvensky conducting. Is 

to be given this afternoon and 
evening and on Fri. The 
blighted new Beauty and the 
Beast is given Wed with 
Bley’s Young ApoSo and 
MacMiflan’s Baiserde la tie. 
Covent Garden (01-240 1066). 

more performances of Swan 
Lake at Norwich today, then 
(Tues-Dec 20) a revival at 
Wfonskw of tne Johann 
Strauss Onderetta. 

Theatre RoyaL Norwich 
(06032820k Leisure Centre, 
WHmstaw (0625 533789). 

THE KOSH: This acrobatic 
cfancegrotfo presents TeEng 
Tates plus a new solo, Tues- 
Dec 2u. for London showing 
after a national tour. 

The Place (01-387 0031). 


KAGEMUSHA (1 980): Veteran 
Akira Kurosawa's masterly 
epic of clvfi war ft 16th-century 
Japan, told with vfvid images 

BBC2, today, 10 

INVASION (1966): Intelligent 
tow-budget sc-fi thriller ft 
which doctors Edward Judd 
and Valerie Gear on find 
themselves treating an 
extraterrestrial patient 
Channel 4, Wed, 250-4pm. 

Henry Fonda (in his last part) 
and Katharine Hepburn as an 
his wife 


old professor 
patching up family squabbles. 
nV, Thurs, 7-30-9.30pm. 

• Jolia Migeses-Johnson as 
the fiery, sensual heroine of 
Carmen, Francesco Rosfs 
triumphant 1984 film of the 
Bizet opera which has 
British telerisioa premiere. 
Rosi decided on a c o m p l e te 
break with die artificially ofj 
the theatre, shooting on real 
locations and emphasising die 
social and cattural background 
to the story. Pladdo Domingo 
sings Don Jose and 
Raimondi bEstamiilio. 
wA 4, Wed, 9-llw45pm. 


MachHo's featured soloist 
the majestic Cuban trumpeter 
" some at 


Tonight Bass Clef, 1 
Hoxton Square, London N1 
(01-729 2476) 

Street's now tradfttona) 
Christmas and New Year 
knees-up feataes the 
proprietor's qufttst sharing 
the bill with tha ribaldry of 
Britain’s favourite bluas- 
singing art critic. 

Tonight and Mon-Sat, 

Ronnie Scott’s Club, 47 Frith 

Street London W1 (01-439 

M ai nstream masters of 
trombone and tenor 


Tonight and Wed, Pizza 
Express. 10 Dean Street 
London W1 (01-439 8722) 


VOLLENWE1DER: Among the 
most successful exponents 
of that curiously undemarxfing 
idiom known as New Age 
music, this youig Swiss hippie 
creates Ms tone poems on 

an ele ctr oni c harp- 
Tomorrow, London 
PaBttBum, 8 Argyll Street 
London W1 (01-4377373) 

focus of a exporting cult 
Peacock (who once 
sketched piano pieces for Paul 
Bley) now sings her 
chalien ' 

ballads with a quiet 
insistence that can be chiffing. 
Tomorrow, Ronnie Scott's 
Club, 47 Frith Street London 
W1 (01-439 0747) 


A-WfeScandftavia's answer to 
the Bay City Rollers may be 
audible above the screams 
from the stalls. 

Tonight, Royal Concert Hafl. 
Nottingham (0602 472328); 
Mon for six nights, 
Hammersmith Odeon. London 
W6 (01-748 4081). 

UNDtSFARNE: All the original 
Georcfie members with their 
celebrated Christinas show. 
Tonight Brighton Dome 
(0273 674357); t om orro w , 

Bristol Hippodrome 

(0272 299444); Mon, Oasis * 

Leisure Centre, Swindon 
(0793 33404); Tues. Fairfield 
HaBs. Croydon (01-688 9291); : 
Wed, Manchester Apollo 
(061 273 1112); Thurs for 
seven nkfats, Newcastle City 
Hall (091 261 2606). 

CHAIN: The gloomy svant- 

— J_ stars with the riotous 

ib. London NWS 
(01-328 3141). Mon and Tues. 

IGGY POP: The reformed 1 
would ISte a hit record and 1 
decided, at this late stage, to 
take up singing. 

Brixton Academy, London 
SW9 (01-326 1022). Wed and 


Profite by Antony Hopkins (the 
musicologist not the actor) of 
Pavfilion Opera, a group which 
performs operas with a piano 
and a handful of singers in the 
stately homes of Britain. 

Radio 4, Tues, 8J30-9pm. 

detafled and revealing portrait 
of the writer, T. H. White, best 
known for his version of the 
Arthurian legend. 77*e Once 
and Future King, but author of 
20 other books and a complex 
man obsessed with British 
history and tradition. 

Radio 4, Wed. &05-855pm. 

British version of a Yugoslav 
documentary about the victims 
of Auschwitz which won the 
1985 Kalia Prize, ft is based on 
notebooks and tetters written 

discovery. Theft words wo 
read by me Jewish actors 

" “ r, Lee 

Swift and 

RadioTWecL 8-5D-9.45pm. 


• Dave King is me of several 
comedians who have success- 
fully made the transition to 
straight acting; most recently 
in the TV senes Breaking Up. 
In Came Treatment (Radio 3, 
Toes, 7 30-7 55pm) he mixes 
the two, playing a stand-up 
comic who has hit the bottle 
and goes to an analyst for a 
care. Funny and desperate, 
with echoes of Tony Hancock, 
the playlet is based on Brian 
GlanviDe's novel. The Comic. 

for the present 
jrtionaJ company by Gordon 
Snell. Designed and 

>re‘ (01-83911 
Wed. Until mid-Feb. 

Tyzack is the threatened 
invalid, Daniel Webb the 

>atWc kffler, in Emlyn 
_ ;'s 1935 thrfiter, revised 
by the author and directed by 
John Dove. 

Greenwich (01-858 7755). 
Preview Today. Opens Mon. 


Bonnie Langford plays J. M. 
Barrie's little boy who would 
not grow up. 

Congress theatre (0323 
36363), opens Wed. 

SHEFFIELD: The history of 
Tom Jones: Andrew Wicks 
directs an adaptation of the 
novel by Hairy Fielding, an 
“adult* alternative to me 
pantomime ft the Main House. 
Crucible Stutfio (0742 769922). 
Previews Wed and Thurs 
matinee. Opens Thurs. 

WATFORDe Spotted Dick: Lou 
Stein directs the first revival for 
nearly 50 years of this Ben 
Travers farce. With Paula 
WHcox, Christopher Benjamin, 
’David Beames. 




Smith makes her South Bank 
NT debut In a new play by 
Stephen Pofiakoff, about a 
PoRsh woman who settles ft 
London without formal 
permission from the 
authorities. Directed by Peter 

Lyttelton (01-928 2252). 
Previews Thurs. Fri, Dec 20, 
Jan 2, 3, 5, 6. First N#it Jan 7. 

pantomime, by Charles 
Ptanchh, ft which Madame 
Vestris originally stored. 

conversation piece on broken 
bridges across the generation 
gap. Too many words but 
some great fines and a biplane 
that crashes on 
BarUcan (01-628 

Browning and the rocking rats. 
Enchanting children’s show. 
Rat workshops on Mon, Tbes. 
Wed for kids with rodent 

National (01-928 2252). 

Frankie Howard guides us 
through Sondheim's tuneful 
romp In Ancient Rome. 
PiccadBy (01-437 4506). 

Powerful account of two 

writers tortured in Nicaragua 
and what became of than. 
Sifoerb dosingseene. 
Barbican (01-628 8735). 

GHOSTS: Vanessa Redgrave 
at the peak of her form in 
Ibsen’s unnerving 
ma s ter piece. 

Wyndham's (01-836 3028). 

WOMAN IN MIND: Poignant 
Ayckbourn drama with award- 
winning Julia McKenzie as a 
wife ether wits’ end. 
Vaudeville (01-836 9987). 


Mozart and Handel this week: 
one last Zauberffdte on Mon 
(7pm) wfth Siegfried Jerusalem 
and Karita MattOa; and on Tues 
and Thurs (7pm) Samson. It 
only just makes it as opera, but 
things have looked up since 
Roger Nor ring ton took up the 
baton. Cast indudes Carol 
Vaness (Daffla). Robert Tear 
i) and Sarah Walker 

Garden, London WC2 
(01-240 1066). 

has come up with a new opera 
— not the Goya which is hitting 
the States — but a fittie birthday 
celebration cased 77» Boy 
Who Grew Too Fast Directed 
by the composer himself, ft is 
presented m association with 
Youth and Mus/c. Afternoon . 
(230pm) and everting (7.30pm) 
performances today, Mon ana 


Hopes and fears for world 
expressed bv an Irish 

Innu of Labrador and a 
Kampuchean grandmother 
who spent the summer in a 
refugee camp in Thailand. 
B8C2, Wed, 9.25-1 0.50pm. 

APARTHEID: Ambitious four- 
parter, spread over two 
evenings, which attempts a 
dmraionate history of the 
black-white confect ft South 
Africa from its origins in 19th 
century colonisation to the 
troubles of thepresent day. 
[TV. Mon and tubs, 9-10 and 
1 0.3Q-1 1.30pm. 

NIGHT MOVES: Arena takes to 
the road for a celebration of 
fh8 long-distance lorry driver 
and reveals a culture and 
cameraderie bu8t on vast 
breakfasts and CB radto. With 
special music by Ian Dury. 

1 20, with evening shows 

EC1 (01 

Avenue, London 

OPERA HOUSE: The winter 
season starts on Thurs with a 
new production of LaBoMme 
— a chamber opera eefition far 
the reckons in the third week of 
a winter tour. Simon Halsey 
conducts, Graham Vick 
produces, and Patricia CNeS 
Is the Mirra. 

Tonight at Newark's Palace 
Theatre; Thurs at 
Stourbridge's Concert Hafl; 
and Dec Slat tha Bridgnorth 
Leisure Centre. Start 730pm. 
(Information from 0203 523523 
ext 2986). 

Formally inventive and 

humorous sculptures on 

animal themes sited in a 
landscaped park. 
Yorkshire Sculpture Park, 
West Bretton, nr Wakefield 
(0924 85261). 



EXPLORERS (U): Two boys 
build a spacecraft and travel to 
the outer limits, only to find 
aliens raised on American TV. 
An uneven fantasy, directed in 
1985 by Joe Dante 
Cannon Oxford Street (01- 


imaginative fantasy adventure 
from Australia, with Henry 
Thomas (toe boy in ET) as a 
determined child uncovering 
Aboriginal mysteries ft the 
outback. Directed by Brian 
Tren chard -Smith. 

ICA Cinema (01-930 3647). 
From Fri. 


• But for a burst tyre 
Australia, Nigel Mansell 
would probably hare been 
Britain’s first motor racing 
world champion for a decade. 
He could still be the BBC 
Sports Personality of the 
Year, though goal-potter Gary 
Lineker, athletes Coe, Cram 
and Daley Thompson and the 
song welterweight Lloyd 
Honeyghan most also be lan- 
ded. AO will be revealed in 
Sports Review of 1986, BBC2, 
tomorrow, 7 J5-fL58pm. 



Michael Levey retires next 
month from the National 
Gallery. TWs exhibition 
features 30 of the 55 1 ' 
jutted during Ms r 
reign and fnduaes Rubens, 
David, Caravaggio, Van Dyck, 
Raphael, Matisse . . . 

The National Gallery, Trafalgar 
Square, London WC2 (01- 
839 3321), from Wed. 


V&A’s facelift continues with 
the opening of Japanese Art 
and Design In Room 45, 
svated and dr-conditioned 
courtesy of £350,000 in 

Ormond's engaging Irish 
comedy, based on truth, about 
a man obsessed wfth building 
a wall of death. 

Plaza (01-437 1234). Cannon 
Chelsea (01-352 5096). 


Bertrand Tavernier's loving 
homage to jazz musicians, set 
in Paris during the 1950s; with 
Dexter Gordon as a 
saxophonist befriended by an 
idolizing Frenchman. 

Lxmtiere (01-836 0691), Screen 
on the Hill (01-435 3366), Gate 
Netting Hill (01-221 0220). 

LABYRINTH (U): Maurice 
Sendak and Lewis Carroll meet 
Monty Python and 
M. C. Eschar in Jim Henson's 
elaborate fatty-tale. With 
^Jennifer ConneHy, David 

Odeon Leicester Square (01- 
930 6111). 

SHOAH(PG): Claude 
Lanzmann's meticulous and 
chilling holocaust 
documentary; over nine hours 
long, presented in two parts. 
jCurzon Mayfair (01-499 3737). 



The two sides of Alfred Mannings: (left) with oae of his once typical horses mad (right) a detail from Gals Day (1982) 

Rebirth of the eclectic horseman I Hi 

Albert Museum, 
South Kensington, London 
SW7 (01-589 6371). 

WOODCUTS: A recent return 
to expressionist figurative 
nting has seen a revival of 
woodcut minting. Apart from 
Michael RotheristBln RA, the 
contributors here are young 
and include Lee Grandjean, 
Bleen Cooper, Stephen 
Campbell and Tony Bevan. 
City Museum and Art Gallery, 
Street Worcester 
28836) from today. 

W hen the dignitaries at the 
Royal Academy dinner in 
1949, the first held since 
the war, had finished eat- 
ing, there were the cus- 
tomary toasts and a rousing chorus of 
"Like the Boys of the Old Brigade”. The 
Archbishop of Canterbury and “Monty” 
gave short speeches on the state of the 
world, and then came the president. Sir 
Alfred Mannings. The air was thick with 
high-spirited anticipation and cigar 
smoke (Winston Churchill, next to 
speak, was sitting two along). 

It was to be Mimnmgs’s last speech as 
president, having decided to resign the 
year before as a protest over the growing 
toleration among his of “so- 

called modem an”. The dinner provided 
him with a perfect forum fora broadside 
against his pet hate. His worst enemies, 
Anthony Blunt and Kenneth Dark, were 
there, and the speeches were being 
broadcast five on the wireless. 

From the start he was heckled by 
Academicians eager to see the bock of 
him and his reactionary opinions. With 
his tongue loosened by drink he quickly 
found his stride. He thundered on about 

Parisian painting, “that damned 
nonsense", reserving special venom for 
Henry Moore and Picasso. It was the 
sensational stuff of leader artides. 

As with all people of extreme views, be 
was either loved or loathed, and he sat 
down to a cocktail of loud applause and 
raspberries. Apart from painting horses 
for the gentry, a sort of latter-day Stubbs, 
M minings was never remembered for 
anything else but this speech. He ranted 
on periodically about post-war American 
art and other “foolish drolleries**, but 
after his death in 1959, aged 81, he was 
instantly forgotten. 

As little as five years ago, a major 
Munnings exhibition sponsored by an 
important gallery would have been 
unthinkable. But tastes have now 
changed. Modernism is now dead and 
expressive figuration back in vogue. 
Hence the revival of interest in 
Munnings and fike-minded painters. 

The City Art Gallery, Manchester, and 
its adjacent annexe, the Athenaeum 
Gallery, are hosting not one but two 
Munnings exhibitions. The Munnings 
retrospective at Athenaeum Gallery 
proposes that the artist has been unfairly 

categorized as a “horse painter** and 
discovers instead a first-rate English 
Impressionist Munnings himself was 
aware of the weakness of the 300 
commissioned pictures executed be- 
tween 1920 and 1940 and requested that 
not too many of these be included in the 
only other retrospective, held just before 
his death. It is the earlier pictures erf* 
gypsies and country scenes that are given 
prominence in the present exhibition. 

In the other show, Munnings v The 
Modems, his famous speech mid his 
satirical picture, Does The Subject 
Matter (1956), in which “experts” and 
“art boys” are lampooned, form the 
centrepiece for the modernism ofMoore, 
Picasso, Matisse, Bratby, Sutherland, 
and Pasmore , whose works he dis miss ed 
as ‘Violent blows of nothing". It remains 
to be seen if the public wiD rally to 
Munnings’s defence, as they did follow- 
ing his famous speech. 

David Lee 

Alfred Munnings (1878-1959) is at City Art 
Gaflery, Mostey Street Manchester (06 T- 
236 9422). Munnings v The Modems is at 
Athenaeum Gallery, Princess Street, 
Manchester. Both exhibitions start today. 

■■ A ■ • 


coloured, violently e; 

" > owing much to Van 

*; from the past five 
i by a Dutch painter, now 
jin New York. 


Bristol (0272 299191). 

works by another Dutch-bom 
artist based in America, with 
claims to be the most 

Anthony dOffay, 9 & 23 Dmftg 
Street London W1 (01- 

DAVID SMITH: An Inspiring 
retrospective of the American 
sculptor who died in 1965 and 
who made "drawings in the 
air" from welded Iron and steel 
|h e 

spawned a huge shoal of remains 

Whitechapel Art Gaflery . 

London El (01-377 0107). 

booking open for Steeping 
“ "and La Filie mad 
al/phone booking from 
Jan 2. Also Young Apollo, 
Beauty and the Beast end 
Gloria { Feb 2-7). 

Royal Opera House, Covent 
Garden, London WC2 (01- 
240 1066/1911). 

production with Tim Flavin. 
Fiona Hendtey, Paul Jones and 
Nichoia McAuliffe. Music and 
Jyricsb^ Cole porter. Jan 30- 

RSC Theatre, Stratford 
(0789 295623). 


Photographs by French 
freelance photographer from 
Viva Agency in Parts, who has 
been working in London since 
1985. Ends Thursday. 

Galerie Matisse, Institut 
Frartgais, 17 Queensbeny 
Place, London SW7 (01- 
589 6211). 1 

years of British drawing 
■ptiuding works by Frank 
Auerbach, Duncan Grant and 
Ivon Hitchens. The absence of 
younger artists indicates the 

Gillian Jason Gallery, 42 

London nwi 

For ticket availability, 
performance and 
opening times, telephone 

tne numbers listed. 
Theatre: Tony Patrick 
and Jeremy Kingston; 

films on tn Peter 
Waymark; Concerts: 
Max Harrison; Opera: 


beoff Brown; Galleries 
Dand Lee; Jazz: 
Richard WiDuins: 
®oclu David Sinclair; 
Photography. Michael 
Young; Bookings: Anne 



• -'rs-j 


**vv ilCi 

*SS tav 


^ 1‘HKSOl TH BANK CENTRE as barbican hall 

*- ;• iMirii 01 <;c jit : MSSi-coi-i •:•> 

;UL I- Ks n VAl. I i \1 J , 

~ooUvn Raeerd Shaft Buffo flbn and fcwraid* Cafe. I A I 

news trf Big Ban airihrtamant.(inm cur munidauafa. [Pi TiTrN 

M|B Barbican Centre. Silk St. EC2V80S' 
01 -638 3891/ 6288795, 

Te/epftone Bookings: TOam-Spm 1 days a week 

C-»ncc i jocpC inc Cy l^r Co ir*c C-»i v O* wO , ‘3u n 


g"****"? Y9 ««w» a Scon jocuv Mu ft* 


at the BARBICAN 

TOVlORBOWs 3 pa- 



TOMORROW ac 230 p.n. 



SATURDAY 20 DECXMB8X at 3 &U0 pan. 


> OR laaHcnaaa with lMd« Antes 







\^r Matinee 





Sunday 28di December at 7.30 


Introduced & conducted bv: A NTO NY HOPKINS 

Marche Slave, Suite 'The Swim Lake’.KttP Cwc w a No. 1, 


^^ZTT7Tf7Trt7Tfi7i7.TtJ^ : i -Vt 9 ‘ 

I a ‘ u i TrJ Y T 

wmmm & 





TOMORROW at 3.15 pm 

BRAHMS Piano Concerto No. 1 

TCHAIKOVSKY ....... Symphony NoJ 



Sponsored by Harris Agricultural Group Limited 

RAYMOND GUBBAYptcic nraarth eltOYAi. FESTIVAL HAli." >' 

SUNDAY 28 DECEMBER at 3 p.m.&X30 pan. 


ANN JAMES tapun 

ft ki wi GERAIDINESTEIHBN50Neb«SF^bre 

JOHANN STRATJSS DANCERS in the aamatac/d* period 
The Giorioas Mane of the 5amn Famil y lar.udinp 
Artio'i Lie Wain, Catch Polka, Tales from the Vienna Wood*, 
Tfanndernd Ltehmjns PoOo, Voice* of SpnnfcMoalinet Polka, 
Obne Sofjo, Ridrat? March, Ojcn ■ Magyar, 'Itfadi'Tmdi Polka, 
Acodoanau WUek. Snecrintt PbH^ OKtauda GakfV 

( TV. TVft. nw niimhr Vhlr> 

M*ntcG>W.91, 050, £tS0, £150, £8-58 

&«iniicfl,£5.£ft.a£SJ0,o.5amg flJOHMim ccnMasaso 


SUNDAY 11 JANUARY at Z30 p.m. 
Popular Classics 




W Gtkt - - reERGYNT SUITE Np. 1 

£1. £5, £6.50, £8, £9. SO.’flqStl. D L50 Hall 01-92831?! C-C- OT-PSa 8800 


Tuesday New !6 December at 7.45 pm 
In die pret cTirr of HRH The Prince ofWgta 
Pactm. EdrIMi Chamber Orchestra and Mode Society 

MOZART Hafiner Symphony 
CHOPIN Piano Concerto No. 2 
BEETHOVEN Symphony No. 4 

F nplish Chamber Orchestra 


cundunor F“°° 

Sponsored by the Eagt Star Graop ami Tie Wiggins Tcspe Group 

Tickra. iMO. £*M. £> 50. lfoM.j~l.5D 
Item H-ifl 01-928 Jlvl roeai card bookmp 01-928 8800) & Agcnn 





MICHAEL DASH Counter ten. 


L i. £5. £10 Hail 01-928 >191 CC 01-9288800 ^^^^" 

a.. — || CONCERTS ) 

([(( • Tuesdays at l.lOp 




(Saturday concert (pooaored by BRAUN ELECTRIC (UK) Ltd 


BRAUN presents 


hkaBInbapB Jchi AD ey / e re 
The Fanfare Trumpeter* «T Her Majesy^ Royal Marinr*, 
Cl— ^H »Qirffbtt 

£1J5>£9.50 HiH (01-589 8212) CC .01-5899465, 




David CoridaD A tbd Bate* poemiaa John S coo oqpn 



Spemorcd by L’nJkvcr ' 


Toazgbt Satmday 13. December 7.45pm 



BEETHOVEN Overture ‘Coriolan’ 

DVORAK Cello Concerto 

TCHAIKOVSKY Symphony No 6 ‘Paihetique* 


Sponsored by Harris Agicnlautil Group Limited 

£IZ50, £10 JO, £8 JO, £6.50, £5. £3.50 

Box Office Td 10-8 ray day inc Sun 01-638 8891/628 8795 

j] g St John's Smith Square 




&MMared by DHL Wortdwidr EapntM 


BOXING DAY 26 DECEMBER at 7.45 p.m. 

liUtt *UiVi wc 

Egmoat Overture 
Piano Concerto No. 5 (Emperor) 
Symphony No. 5 

£5-50, £6.50, £8, £9.50, DO-50, DL50 

SUNDAY 28 DECEMBER at 3 p.m. 




i: Hi'f.'-.j.v-.O'Vt 

ALAN BRINDviolis (BBC Yeas Mnsctesaf tbc Year. 19 MF 

£4-50, £5.50, £i £AS0, £9150. £10.50 7 4 No 3(TTw(teferi 
rtinor. 0 b 121 l’9Wj 

iThe Sbfcen CfcMfJwd OiL»m»e Htity ChiMophara ccrd 
liyrwa Ouw SOB C*Smw» Denier cortr Dmd Junes c-Kn. 

i-TT-T-.- 5™'.T3C5‘":m 

SMdnky: Conearto lw«6J«0l (1936); 

‘ _ au:Seiaman<M (1966) (tat London penarrvitM. 
Vtuons del Amen (1M3) SA50M i QQ___ 

Pie Stttn Chav and QRheeM HnryChiWBphefacond 
Lyme Dav is on sop CMtartne Denier conn (Md Bai t c-wn. 
Makiwyn Dane* len, UcM George bass 
£5. £B £8. CV0. £.12 



MootracnU Choir bnfdUi Baroque Solotata 


Si x_~Rm b bour” contert* at 6. M pm nnh.LooJo»i Churdsa will cadi feenare 
uadi efcu i Lneanu, onr fan oi die Chnsn™ Omaro md * Motet, i 
Moa St. Sepulchre Without Newgate i 

15 Dec Spouweed by Nomura luteraailoua] Ud 

Wed Sl jame's PlccadiUy 

17 Dec Spoosered bySbeanod Lehmair Brothers fac , 

Fri St. dement DaneV. 

19 Dec Sponsored by Barclay* de Zoetr Wedd U d 

ALSO: 12, M, 16 January 19*7 

F ur ther desuk and octets trom TICKETMASTER 01-579 6435, at eny 
WH Smah Trawl Centre or Whhdull Hctef Centre, Whnehall SW1 
MoutevenS Choir and Orchestra Ltd 

And a Red Row fire eemy La* member of the audience 


MONDAY 29 DECEMBER at X45 pan. 
Popular Classics 


2*185 Ma l iu. FINLANDIA 

i V Ak Brinnutaw PtANO CONCERTO No. 2 

lk\ll Grice PEER GYNT SUITE No. 1 


£5-50, £6.50. £8. £9.50. OaSO. £11.50 

TUESDAY 38 DECEMBER at 245 p.m. 

Mendctesolm.. HEBRIDES OVE RTUR E 

Dvorak — —.SYMPHONY No. 9 

fl ft fin (NEW WORLD) 

HU KUN violin 

£5-50, £6-50, £B, £9-50.00-50.01-50 

FRIDAY 2 JANUARY at 145 p.m. 


La Form Del DeaxiaK Oeertore, P»ce Pace; Dthtmon: 
JarB AnvaChofm,Muerere, D Bafcni Nabtuwc Chans of the 
I'jH Hebrew Shra; Rterimre Cere NtmmQoeiJnOQnelh. 
IkVft/ QuirtEj, lfa®ance Dner; La Iriritra: Aa m Pirkxk, Di 
Prorcoai; Don Carina: Foendsiup Dutt, EhoO'i Ana; 
Alda-' Riwnu v'mcnoi. Cctarf Aida. Grand Ma rch- 



SUNDAY 4 JANUARY ux Z30 pan. 


Jeffrey and Howard Kruger proudly present 


SiJ 0 

4 pdfrjf 

sings in concert 

adkdi «r *n .fewanlr #pna oner md doth 

4 FWam tad Irak: 
tpnUH anm te jbhna Sbaas. Uko. 

OjfUlati. IUmt a. 
Specnl Guest Star 





Wednesday 17th December at 8.00 pm 

» Arena 

TICKET PRICES (inc booking fee) 
£15.50 • £25.50 ■ 535.50 • £50.50 
\ fembley Box Office: 01-902 123 4 

The Kroger Orga n i s ation Booking Office 0273 503001 

Cretfa Card brokings (sufcwct id agent’s feel 
Keith Prowse & Co. 01-7^1 8988 


S* 20 Dec 
7) Dec 

t700 emtma Carol 

1030 Dfflrf Uafflw 
flJO Ctwd Connuum 
1515 Oiort Eansono 

Mot & Toes. 1700 Chori tuasaag 

a « 3 Dec 

Wed 24 Dec 1600 Oman® E« 
Carol Sewet 


TIMS 25 OK 10M DWU Mottw 

1130 Dwd Cwwrtmw 
1515 Dwd Ewasong 

I Fn a Dec 1700 Caro* rartW 
Cnb (Otproon Chonbl 

I Sa 27 Dec 1170 Camts mud ttu 
Cta (Doa SemBfsJ 

St Aane & St Agnes 

Graham St EC2 (St Pad* IMS) 
Sun 14 Dae 7pm 
Bacb Vespws 
Cantata 147a. Brandan arp 
No aoniBsson oharga- cotecoon. 
Mon IS Dec 1.10pm 

iUKttsax Gogol 

Locos*** Ensamhta; 
Imogen BarWO. MfO 
Handel MG J coneano. 
Suntoy. we 
No aotnewn cnargo. 

Thurs IB Dee 7-30pm 

Ctiristmas Coas«t it 
J.CF. Bacn "De Kindjwi _J“ U 

ndttkyrai Scandra vMn c ame 
i RCiyvjVi E^vsernOjO 

£3 at ooh or res*™* a 01-373 S56fe 


481 5213 

10 Wnteehap* ^ Stfoot 
London 6-1. 

6.45 Mon 15 December Only 
Presmts-VWftiDl S FSWB 
£6 me FREE g«ssofwfne. 


WUton Ptaoe 
KcMittbrldBe SW I 

DECEMBER at 7.30 


Psalrma Hunw artetn 

A Ceremony of Cane 


Carols for CPotr ana 



jacaMtro nureO* Wf* 


OMJtA Toni. WOd 7 -°° 

•OVAL O™ * IS 

1066/1911. KJS 

^^O/LlSBO Mata 

I £2~zaO lOnerat. 6S ampW aaata 

i a j *i— 

unmt WflLU 2T8 8916. 

CC 24hr 7 CW M O 

T20Q. W«W 9»f^ v S*3^' 3a 

wjrtff Today ® 


ne Boy Hte *"■ *•'" 

ofSsO BMW <**» 



ols 5£Ii^w& 






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nr 7 **?. mn-rin™ 37v6*»jnu 

fct>7l< *n^Sw m *20 6133. 

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^et€r'Sch aLJ ^^* 

ST MAWrars 01-836 1448. Spe- 
cial CC No. 579 6433. EV9* 8.0 -ZL 
Tuas ZL4& Sal & Dec 26 al 6.0 

and ao AQATKA MU B SUF a 


STWUB 836 2660 OC 836 
4143/6190. T41 9999. FlrU CaU 
24 Hr 7 Day cr 240 7200 Cn> 
Sales 930 6123 




Telephone Reservations — 

01^9283191 mssm 

Credit Card Bookings 


ROYAL FESTIVAL HALL 26th December to 

General Information: 01-928 3002 1 7th January 

/ZCC HOOK 93? <944/6/6. On* 
Salat 930 6123. Kallli Prowse 
741 9999. TldMiDaBter 579 6433 
Ut GNI S4lu/7day 240 7Z00 (NO 



cottisuie. Exeauent iswud 
wo nays e l pen t aO Dtaatree 
fmm lO am. KXTAIfltAWT (928 
9033). CAST CAB PARK, Into 

053 0880. AM COMB 


— U rnBiM won odUtiMF' 

m LONDON Otuty Lane TO STlrUt “Jut! wonoeefnl" DCts 
406 0072 CC OPEN all HOURS Manual B Mao wad 130 Sat A 
379 taiiTkta rreui w H Smith 
Travel Brauctm. Eves 7 46 Tue« 

Sai 3.00 & 746 



mm KHRM cate* B atMBnBi 
405 1667 or 950 6123. HOW 
Grata wdb#ie In Jan 

ROYALTY 01-831 0660 Sflbr OC 
240 7300 379 6433 741 9999 
droop Saks 950 6123 

'V£WK W tM} Condoned on page 19 


JER 13 1986 

Hit for 


Noblesse oblige 

You might expect a top flight 
referee to act a bit grand and sniffy 
when summoned to an evening 
nuairJi between two sides in the 
GM Vauxhall Conference. Not 
David Axcell, who drew the short 
straw for the titanic clash between 
Maidstone United and Welwyn 
United. Maidstone's notoriously 
muddy pitch looked unplayable at 
3 pm, when Axcell inspected it 
However, he thought that with 

luck the game could still go ahead. 
So he joined the Rroundstaff and 

So he joined the grcmndstaff and 
worked flat out for three hours, 
spiking the turf and clearing die 
surface water to ensure that the 
game was, in feet, played. 

• Owner Robert Songster tells of 
the latest racing wheeze in Austra- 
lia -an event strictly for greys. It 
was a winner, with a huge crowd 
and betting well over the odds. 

Soap spray 

Australian television brings us 
nothing but treats. No one will 
forget — how could they? — 
Bodyline, the soap opera that 
revelled in what isunquestionably 
the longest and most plaintive 
whinge in the history of sport. 
This has now been followed, 
perhaps even topped, by a celebra- 
tion of what was certainly the 
loudest and will almost certainly 
prove to be the longest crow in; 
sporting history. I refer, of course,! 
to Australia's 1983 victory in thei 
America's Cup. A new, sparkling 
and foaming soap opera called 
The Challenge win be shown on 
three successive Mondays, start- 
ing on December 29. Tim Piggott- 
Smitb and John Wood star as 
Peter de Savary and Alan Bond. 
Now is the time to ensure a 
previous engagement I 

Fowl play 

Who could resist Sir Ralph Payne- 
Gallwey’s The Book of Duck 
Decoys: Their construction, man- 
agement and history, published in 
1886? Sir Ralph wrote: “My 
object con amore, is to place on 
record the method of constructing 
decoys, as well as the manner of 
taking wildfowl therein . . . De- 
coying was a trade of astonishing 
dimension in England ... in East- 
ern counties alone there formerly 
existed some 100 decoys.” The 
book recently fetched £220 at 


‘Do yon suppose the Don't Die of 
Ignorance campaign includes a 
warning against James Anderton?' 

Good fight won 

The O i ristian s in Sport newsletter 
is quite the nicest publication in 
sport. Here is Meredith Marshall, 
on winning the Scottish Ladies 
Open at Dalmahoy: “I had the 
peace of God that passes under- 
standing as I played. I just trusted 
in the Lord with all my heart I 
remember praying 'Lord thy will 

be done’. Afterwards I was thrilled 

by the answer to prayer and by 
how the Lord had used me as a 
witness in this way." 

A candle that must be 



Simon Barnes 

Sport is the ultimate trivial pur- 
suit; but is Trivial Pursuit the 
ultimate sport? Could there be a 
more trivial pursuit than Trivial 
Pursuit? Willow Enterprises have 
made a valiant bid to create one 
with Cricketrivia, a board game 
built on the as yet undimmed 
trivial craze. It includes 4,000 
questions on matters of vast 
importance related to the game of 
cricket. Here are four. Answers at 
the foot of the column. 

1. Where is Corporation Stadium? 

2. How many Test wickets did 
Keith Fletcher take? 

3. Who was F.S. Jackson’s fag at 

4. Who said: "Cricket? It civilizes 
people and creates gentlemen. I 
want everyone to play cricket”. 

Brotherly shove 

J am wildly excited at the prospect 
of a craze for Noheibal sweeping 
the country. Nohqjbal is a new 
Czechoslovak game, played, I am 
told, by 100,000 people in trade 
union competitions. It appears to 
be a land of volleyball, using feet 
instead of hands. The rules in- 
clude the “not allowed way of 
playing the ball" such as “when 
the ball touched foreign thing or 
body it is a fault of the player to 
touched the ball last time.” The 
ball is allowed to bounce, I gather, 
although “exceeding leg over net 
can be pushed off by the body of 
tiie players of the opposing team.” 
Clearly it is a game for the 
toughest trades union members. 

“Considering the obstacles that 
remain in the way of everyday 
reporting, considering how journ- 
alists have been nailed down by 
some of the toughest laws imag- 
inable, it is in feet possible to 
marvel at just how much tire press 
is still managing to bring to light” 
These words were spoken at the 
end of October by J.G Viviers, 
editor of the Eastern Province 
Herald, in a speech he gave on the 
state of the press in South Africa at 
Rhodes University, Grahams- 

Viviers was, of course, referring 
to the dampdown of June 12, 
when the Botha government 
brought in tough legislation to 
prevent the reporting of unrest 
and violent demonstrations, ex- 
cluding journalists from the scene 
of such events. And he concluded 
his talk by expressing the belief 
that press freedom would survive. 
“Bartered though it is, South 
Africa's press wUl not sit on the 
sidelines and merely take what is 
dished out Newspapers may be 
more restricted than ever before, 
but they are still informing the 

The drastic new restrictions 
Introduced on Thursday have, for 
(be time being, put paid to 
freedom of the press in South 
Africa, whose newspapers will 
now find it difficult in tire extreme 
to inform the public. It is a 
c riminal offence to report even 
peaceful demonstrations. Pre- 
publication censorship is in opera- 
tion for the first time, and editors 
are not allowed to leave blank 
Spaces indicating where material 
has been censored. 

Hitherto, despite various res- 
trictions, South Africa could 

by George Theiner 

proudly daim to possess a press 
much freer than that of most black 
African states, a press that could 
not be compared with the media 
in Soviet Russia and other com- 
munist countries. Sadly, as from 
December 1 1, this is no longer so. 

How long is this regrettable 
state of affairs tifcdy to last? That, 
of course, is a difficult question to 
answer, and I am not sure that the 
experience of other countries pro- 
vides much guidance in this 
respect The press in the. Soviet 
Union 9 n d m the mmmnniirf 
states of central and eastern 
Europe is organized on such 
different lines, being entirely in 
the hands of the party or govern- 
ment, that comparisons cannot 
but be false. 

Even now, journalists like 
Viviers will doubtless do their 
utmost to report truthfully what- 
ever the law does not prevent 
them from reporting. Anthony 
Heard, editor of the Cape Times, 
has been quoted as saying that the 
new regulations can still be chal- 
lenged m the courts. “We are still 
not in the Cambodia league,” 
Heard said, “though we have 
dearly crossai a watershed.” 

Other countries, in Africa, Latin 
America and elsewhere, have in 
the past introduced state of siege 
legislation which has put similar 
damps on the media. In Paraguay, 
freedom of expression has been 
curbed for most of the 32 years of 
the Stroessner dictatorship, which 
has maintain ed a state of emer- 
gency throughout that time, with 
but a few brief exceptions. In 

Chile, under General Pinochet, 
there is at present a three-month 
state of siege brought in after the 
foiled attempt on the president's 
life in September. like previous 
emergencies, this will no doubt be 
lifted but we do not know whether 
bann ed opposition magazines will 
be allowed to resume operations. 

There is one aspect of Draco- 
nian censorship that the Pretoria 
government would do well to 
consider. It has always seemed to 
me that unless there is a Stalinist- 
type police state to back it up - 
with no political opposition mid 
no independent media to criticize 
the authorities - such censorship 
cannot but be inadequate and, to 

some extant, counter-productive. 

To give a small example, when the 
June emergency was declared, the 
July-August issue of Index on 
Censorship was in galley proof; 
ready to go to the printer. In it 
there was not a single article on 
South Africa — but wben the news 
broke of the new censorship 
regulations in Pretoria, we re- 
placed perhaps half the material 
with three features on the subject. 
South Africa overnight becoming 
the main focus of that issue. It also 
became the target of critical 
articles and editorials in all major 
newspapers, and renewed pressure 
was brought to bear on President 
Reagan and Mis Thatcher to apply 
economic sanctions. 

There is not the slightest hope 
that the dvfl unrest and mass 
expressions of protest in South 
Africa will cease. No matter how 
stringent the press regulations, the 

government cannot prevent news 
about this from getting oul Worse 
than that, it is in just such 
situations that rumour th rives, 
frequently painting a picture 
blacker than it is in reality. 

Even at this late stage, the Botha 
government would do well to 
reconsider its attitude to the press. 
Though it would seem from its 
latest action that it no longer cares 
about world public opinion, the 
suppression of press freedom will 
make it impossible from now on 
for Pretoria to daim it is defend- 
ing “Western” values. And it is 
Pretoria which, in the long run, is 
likely to be the loser. 

No one can prophesy what the 
future holds for the people of 
South Africa. Given recent 
developments, it is difficult to 
envisage a peaceful transition to a 
more democratic, multi-racial 
society. If. on the other hand, 
despite all the government’s 
efforts to suppress it, a violent 
change is one day to take place, 
what will then be the role of the 

Precedents in other African 
countries are anything but en- 
couraging. One can but hope that 
the editor of the Eastern Province 
Herald, in the speech at Rhodes 
University quoted earlier, was not 
being overly optimistic when he 
said: “Press freedom will survive. 

I hope that the public will 

insist on it surviving, so that when 
a new government comes into 
being in South Africa, it will be 
able to inherit and build on the 
right of free speech, instead of 
raking over a tempting instrument 
of press controL” 

The author is editor of Index on j 

Forgive me if 
I laugh _ 

thoughtful or well infomed. noi 
Washington .-inR- honest, and in most other 

British political scandals are about ° p w the most important 

lust, the old saw has it, while Bui a large 

American oollticai SCSIldalS are JOb_ , c ..—i,, not to 

American polKiad maioritv of people seemed not to 

ahnnf oitmL This one is about maj . m«icaikii« ptpk 

The head of Unicef talks to Paul Vallely about its new approach to chiM health 
— based on hard-sell marketing combined with low-cost techniques 

' ' it: ! 

'' -k-I* ' Hi**. 

**7, 7, v;: vs<> "'7^7 ' 

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; ; > J 

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bV-.-r : Vc 

lit \ - - * * 2 ■ _ * - *5 

1 ’ .... : ; '-V 

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S&s S2*£ 

Jim Grant on the road In Nepal: ‘Ninety per emit of deaths are preventable’ 

about greed. This one is about 
power. Perhaps that’s why it is 
being treated with such high 
seriousness. Indeed the only ir- 
ritating aspect of the otherwise 
delightful collapse of the Reagan 
administration is the widespread 
insi sten ce that we must all be 
poker-food about it . 

The approved attitude is to don 

the mask of tragedy: oh, woe is us, 
another foiled administration, 
policy making in disarray, etc. The 
Washington Post is second to 
nnnf in moral dudgeon but never- 
theless declares that anyone who 
finds the spectacle entertaining is 

Dear me. Am I really the only 
one here who is having a great 
rime? Would I like to share the 
joke with the rest of the class? Or 
should any right-thinking person 
succumb to the fever of solem- 
nity? No, upon tortured reflection, 
-I've concluded that the case for 
glee remains compelling. 

First, Washington types live for 
this kind of ep iso de. The adren- 
aline is flowing like Perrier. Every- 
one, Reagan supporters no less 
than his opponents, is wandering 
around in a happy buzz induced 
by those oft-denounced but rarely 
eschewed twin intoxicants, gossip 
and speculation. 

Secondly, “disarray" is the es- 
sence of force, and a banana skin 
tumble is just as funny wben it 
happens to the National Security 
Council as to the Three Stooges. 
The arms-for-Iran episode has not 
lacked for pies in faces, missing 
trousers, stubbed toes, confused 
identities, mistaken embraces, 
role reversals, strange noises and 
other classic elements of lowbrow 
comedy. It's only human to laugh. 

Thirdly, it's a healthy demo- 
cratic instinct to enjoy seeing the 
mighty fan, and no one was acting 
mightier, especially since the 1984 
election, than the Reagan admin- 
istration. Democrats and liberals, 
beaten down after six years of 

mind. And so a consensus grre 
55 if he lacked conveni.onsl 
m-msi and moral asseis, he had 

some special magic. 

Even Reagan’s ^ucs became 
superstitious about this alleged 
magic. They’ became afraid to say, 
or even to reraembertbat be sjust 
an old movie actor. They came to 
believe that to criticize Reagan 
personally was to cut themselves 
off from the democratic life-force 
and condemn their souls to that 
circle of bell “inside the Beltway 
(Washington's ring road and a 
common metaphor for political 
insularity). Like knocking on 
wood or whistling past the grave- 
yard, superstitious critics would 

preface any dissent from Reagan’s 
policies with expressions cf re- 
spect for him personally. One 
reason the president's political 
opponents are nervous about 
chuckling over his present 
predicament is fear that th<f magic 
monster is only asleep and the 
laughter will reawaken him. 

So, democracy used to be 
Reagan's opponents’ problem, but 
now it’s n is problem. As his 

Rea ganism, have every right to 
wallow in schadenfreude. 

Politics is notjitff agame, but it 
is a game. And if people are going 
to be scolded for cheering when- 
ever their side scores or the other 
side fumbles, they win quire 
rightly confine their attention to 
professional football 

There are subtler pleasures to be 
had as wdL It’s delicious that 
contempt for democracy should 
have done Reagan in. For six 
years, democracy has been the 
biggest frustration of the pres- 
ident’s opponents. It seemed to us, 
the carping critics, that this man 
'was not terribly bright, not terribly 

now it’s his problem. As his 
standing plummets in the polls, he 
waves bis magic wand in bewilder- 
ment, puzzled that the magic 
doesn't work. “This is a Beltway 
bloodletting,” he told Time maga- 
zine. What this pathetic remark 
reveals is that it is Reagan who is 
now trapped “inside the Beltway,” 
isolated in a cocoon of advisers, 
cut off from the democratic life- 
force. And in feet the Contra war 
in Nicaragua has always been an 
in side- the- Beltway enthusiasm, 
which is what led to Reagan’s 
difficulties in the first place. 

“The Salvadoran guerrillas or 
the Sandinistas don’t have to 
worry about all this when they 
deal with the Cubans and the 
Russians," a Contra leader com- 
plained to the New York Times . 
“All this” refers to Congress, 
public opinion, the press, the law, 
and suchlike impedimenta. The 
Reagan administration, on whom 
democracy had lavished its great- 
est blessings, could not be both- 
ered with democracy's inconven- 
iences either. 

So there's no need for gloom. 
Liberals and others who feared for 
their own foith in democracy can 
breath easy. Reagan’s come- 
uppance is democracy's salvation. 
It turns out that Lincoln was right: 
you can’t fool all the people all the 
time after all Dry those tears and 
repeat after me: Ha, ha, ha. ha, ha. 

OTlBl— M> W|M p»i u , 18 BB- 

The author is editor of New 


Woodrow Wyatt 

Cricketrivia answers: 1. Madras. 2. 
One 3. Winston Churchill 4. 
Robert Mugabe. 

There is a bottle of Coca Cola on 
the shelf of the executive director 
of the United Nations Children's 
Fund in New York. He brought it 
back from Lhasa in Tibet when he 
discovered that it had been bottled 
in Kathmandu and then carried by 
some enterprising entrepreneur 
over the highest mountain range 
in die world to its point of sale. 

“The rest of us have a lot to 
learn from the marketing of Coca 
Cola”, James Grant told me in 
Nepal during a recent visit there. 
The staff of Unicef are hearing 
that a lot nowadays. This week 
marked the 40th anniversary of 
the foundation of the body which 
sprang from the United Nations* 
Relief and Rehabilitation Admin- 
istration (Unira) in the aftermath 
of the Second World War. Despite 
the enormous progress made in 
the aggregate health of the world’s 
children in that time, the anniver- 
sary confronts Unicef with the 
need for re-evaluation rather than 
mere celebration. 

No one is more acutely aware of 
this than Jim Grant himself The 
personal history of the agency’s 
charismatic leader carries interest- 
ing parallels to that of the develop- 
ment movement as it has emerged 
in the latter half of this century. 
He was born in Peking, where his 
father and grandfather had been 
medical missionaries since 1888. 
His grandfather, a doctor with the 
Baptist Foreign Mission, estab- 
lished China’s first teaching hos- 
pital. It was considered a great 
success but his son realized that if 
the health problems of the country 
were to be solved they needed to 
be tackled earlier. 

John B. Grant became one of 
the world’s pioneers in the field of 
primary health care, touring rural 
villages training barefoot doctors, 
establishing basic health posts and 
crude diagnostic laboratories. 
That was in the early 1930s and 
James Grant, still not a teenager, 
often accompanied his father on 
his tours. “He sought to d i ssuade 
me from becoming a doctor too. 
He had taken one step nearer to 
the root cause of the problem than 
his father had. He wanted me to 
do the same”. 

James Grant became an econo- 
mist and a lawyer and from that 
bare was one of the first men to 
make a career out of development 
and emergency rehabilitation 
work — in China, Sri Lanka. 
Turkey and India. He worked first 
with (Jarra, later as an assistant 
Secretary of State for the US 
government, and then as founding 
president of its Overseas Develop- 
ment Council. 

“In the 1950s, Unicef set out 
with an ad hoc series of pro- 
grammes to help in the developing 
world. In the Sixties it tried to 
encourage countries to plan more 
consistently for the welfare of their 
children. In the Seventies 
became advocates of the * basic 
services’ approach, using not 

Flying uncle 
to every 
needy child 

Western methods, but measures 
appropriate to local technology 
and culture. Bui in the Eighties all 
this has got bogged down in the 
global economic crisis. We are 
clearly losing momentum." 

Grant's solution, since he took 
over as head of Unicef in 1980, has 
been to wrest the emphasis away 
from emergency relief work and 
more traditional development 
projects in water supply, educa- 
tion and social services. In then- 
place, he has sought out low-cost 
options which are capable of 
saving a greater number of lives 
on a more short-term baas. The 
policy has not been without 

“Every day, 40,000 children die 
somewhere in the world. Around 

14.000 die from dehydration due 
to dianhoeal disease. Another 

10.000 die from diseases against 
which they could be immunized at 
a cost of 50 cents each. About % 
per cent of these deaths are pre- 

This is where Coca Cola comes 
in. Grant’s strategy is that the 
technology exists to combat the 
problems. What has been lacking 
is the mar keting and the realiza- 
tion that the development in- 
dustry too bas to create an active 
demand before shipping out its 

“It was discovered in Bangla- 
desh in the late Seventies that 
when yon replace water and salt 
lost in diarrhoea, they can be 
absorbed 25 times more quickly if 
mixed with the right quantity of 
glucose. It's called ORS - for oral 
rehydration salts. This is one of 
the great medical discoveries of 
the 20th century; it can save more 
lives than penicillin. 

“There have been other ad- 
vances. too. Twenty years ago a 
useful vaccine against measles — a 
big killer - did not exist; now it 
does. There have been rediscov- 
eries loo. such as how much better 
breast feeding is than artificial 
milk. None of (his costs much, but 
we have to find how to get this 
information disseminated. We 
have to persuade people that they 
need it" 

Last month, James Grant made 
his first official visit to Nepal with 
the new gospeL His itinerary 
afforded a dear reflection of 
Un'rccffs new priorities. At the 
initial staff briefing, though water 
and education projects take up the 

bulk of the $6 million Unicef 
spends annually in Nepal Grant 
was dearly most interested in the 
techniques the communications 
staff were using to promote ORS 
and the polio, tetanus and measles 
immunization campaign which is 
currently under way there. 

He spoke entusiasticalty about 
campaigns in i-atin America 
featuring the football stars Pele 
and Socrates to promote breast- 
feeding and, rather indiscreetly, 
revealed that Unicef had ap- 
proached the Princess ofWales for 
a similar campaign. “Lady Di”, he 
said, had agreed bat more prudish 
counsels at the palace had thought 
the idea somehow improper. 

Grant is a consummate FR 
man. His eye for the handy 
personality and the packageable 
gobbit of information is as adept 
as any Coco Coda marketing 
man’s. He addresses Nepali 
journalists on diarrhoea statistics 
with the comparison that as many 
Nepali children die daily at the 
height of the monsoon as would be 
killed if three jumbo jets lull of 
school children crashed in the 
Himalayas. He points out that the 
world’s total number of Aids 
deaths to date is less than the daily 
death toll from preventable 

dearly he is an adroit and 
unfailingly energetic politician 
too. With seeming disugenuos- 
ness be tells the religious repre- 
sentative of Nepal’s largest non- 
governmental social services 
agency about successful Muslim 
and Catholic drives fra - immuniza- 
tion elsewhere and wonders wby 
Hindu is the only major religion 
now omitted. He advises local 
Unicef staff to tie immunization 
day to a public event, like the 

King's birthday, so that they can 
ask for the police and army to be 

ask for the police and army to be 
mobilized in the effort. 

He advises them to extend the 
work to the constituency of the 
foreign minister as his personal 
involvement with the South Asian 
Association for Regional Co-op- 
eration is crucdaL 
He suggests various crafty 
strategems for involving other 
agencies with more money, like 
the World Bank or the Asian 
Development Bank, in major 
long-term projects from .which he 
is anxious Unicef should with- 
draw. He makes mental notes of 
difficulties with individual min- 

isters or policies which he can 
raise at his audience with the King 
on the final day of his trip. He is 
even able to drop an indirect hint 
to the local Save the Children (US) 
representative that now is a good 
time to reapply to the US govern- 
ment aid fund for a grant which 
had earlier been turned down. “I 
know they’ve got some spare- 
money at the moment my son 
administers the fund”. 

The Grant plan for Unicef is not 
without its critics, mainly from 
more conservative agencies like 
the World Health Organization in 
Geneva or the UN Development 
Programme in Rome. The re- 
ceived wisdom in the develop- 
ment world is that as their jargon 
has it integrated systems are 
better than vertical ones, which 
means that individual campaigns 
to promote ORS or immunization 
cannot be sustained in the long 
term without a complete system 
which includes clinics, schools, 
dean water and other essential 
basic sendees. 

Experience of development 
work in the present recession 
shows otherwise, according to 
Grant “It is not just that by 
following this plan we hope to be 
able to halve infont mortality by 
1990. What we are also doing is 
putting health back on the na- 
tional agenda. ORS and im- 
munization can be Trojan horses. 
We are tapping into the self- 
interest of politicians who see the 
electoral benefits of these effective 
low-cost measures. There are 
many examples of how, once the 
health of children has become the 
personal interest of a nation's 
leader, spending increases". 

He points to the first successful 
campaign in Colombia where the 
primary school curriculum has 
now been rewritten by the state, 
premarital counselling by priests 
has been extended to cover the 
health of children, and employ- 
ment practices have been revised 
by employers and unions. “It is 
changing the attitude cf a nation. 
Had it not been for the Trojan 
horses we would lave been losing 
ground there.” 

In some cases the extra cost of 
this will have to be met by the 
wealthy nations of the West, who 
already contribute most of Uni- 
cefs annual S360 million budget 
But often, as in Pakistan and 
Indonesia, the cost can be borne 
merely by postponing for one year 
the building of something tike a 
hospital for the capital. “It is m 
any case difficult to justify spend- 
ing a lot on the urban rich when 
the rural poor need so little.” 

That, Grant feels is one of the 
essential functions of the UN and 
its agencies. “The UN is a place 
where the tenants of the world, the 
developing nations, get the chance 
to lecture the landlords of the 
world. Of course, that’s very 
uncomfortable for the rich na- 
tions. But so it should be.” 

Investing in a 
better meal 

In 1985 Britain headed the world 
league of deaths from coronaries 
in proportion to population — 
104,000 men and 82,000 women. 
Evidence is growing of a link 
between our diet and coronaries, 
and also with diseases such as 
cancer, multiple sclerosis, rheu- 
matoid arthritis, duodenal ulcers 
and diabetes. Sir Richard DoU 
FRS has suggested, for example, 
that between 10 and 70 per cent of 
cancer cases are caused by wrong 

A Committee on Medical As- 
pects of Food Policy sponsored by 
the DHSS reported in July 1984 
that a significant cause of coro- 
naries was too high an intake of 
hard, or saturated, fats and recom- 
mended a large reduction in their 
consumption and substitution by 
polyunsaturated fats like those in 
polyunsaturated margarine, fish, 
game and seed oils. It also 
concluded that dietary fibre could 
be an aid against coronaries and 
that obesity, often brought on by 
too much saturated for and sugar, 
induced them. 

But we are woefully short of 
scientific research into how 
humans should feed themselves. 
The happy-go-lucky, as in the ill- 
researched Diet of Reason, pub- 
lished recently, tell us to eat what 
we like. It is a seductive argument 
but it needs prolonged and vig- 
orous scientific testing. 

The animal foodstuffs industry, 
the Minister of Agriculture and 
many important institutes spend 
millions yearly on researching the 
best diet for animals — but there is 
almost no in-depth research into 
the best diet for humans. Chairs of 
human nutrition have just been 
established at Leeds University 
and Bans, but they have tittle 
research hacking. 

After the Last war the medical 
profession, including those teach- 
ing medicine at universities, 
considered that all human nu- 
trition problems, apart from ac- 
tual food shortages, had been 
solved. When the Wellcome Trust 
wanted to pay for an institute of 
human nutrition at Oxford the 
university authorities rejected the 
gift, saying that within ten years 
there would be no nutrition 

Thirty yearn ago, Dr Hugh 
Sinclair gave up directing Ox- 
ford’s laboratory of human nu- 
trition because the university was 
not interested. At the suggestion of 
Lord Woolton, wartime Food 
Minister, he set up, as a charity, 
the International Nutrition Foun- 
dation in his house and grounds at 
Sutton Courtenay near Oxford 
while remaining a Fellow of 
Magdalen. It is his research over 
the last 40 years into the nature of 
fetty adds which has led to 

widespread medical acceptance of 
a relationship between diseases 
and the saturated animal fats in 
many meals and dairy products. 

From his research into Japanese 
eating habits, Dr Sinclair noticed 
that their diet of fish and rice 
resulted in for fewer coronaries 
and cancer complaints than in 
Western industrialized countries. 
But when Japanese moved to 
California and adopted an Ameri- 
can diet, the incidence of the two 
diseases rose to local levels. These 
diseases are now on the increase in 
Japan itself, together with the new 
Japanese taste for Western-style 

Considerable research among 
Eskimos, still living mainly on 
their old diet of fish and seals, a 
persuaded Dr Sinclair that, though r 
they had the highest intake of fat 
in the world, it was fel of the right 
sort since they were almost free of 
heart disease, cancer, diabetes, 
multiple sclerosis mid other dis- 
eases. His findings have stimu- 
lated interest in the value of the 
polyunsaturated fets in fish, 
including the beneficial properties 
they may have in preventing 
multiple sclerosis. 

From being thought of as a 
crank 40 years ago. Dr Sinclair is 
increasingly recognized as an 
innovator of ideas which must be 
heeded. It is possible that the right 
diet might even be effective 
against lung cancer. Sir Francis u 
Avery Jones, one of the world’s r 
top gastroenterologists, thinks the " 
one in ten of heavy smokers who 
die of it might well have died from 
lung cancer anyway, as do many 
non-smokers. The case is simply 
not proven. 

With slender resources, Dr Sin- 
clair has changed much thinking 
already. When he dies all his 
property will go to his foundation 

nut it ntill a ... 


but it will not be enough for the 
immense amount of research 

immense amount of research 
which has to be done for decades. 

. “ government, intelligent 
nch donors and trusts would 
supply £9 million, the foundation 
would become permanently the 
most important centre in Europe, 
and protably the world, elucidat- 
mgtfae dietary causes of diseases. 

Dr Sutdatr’s establishment has 
the advantage of being near Ox- at 

Creauon of a chair of human 

52*" at °rford would en- 
hance the work of the Inter- 

na S ona ^, J NutritioQ Foundation 
also atone for Oxford’s 
past, obscurantism. Hundreds of 

giJSgyf P°“ Qds ?o on research 
into fashionable subjects such as 

and immunology. Yet 
ufcntdyuig the best diet^whiefa 
“nbe just as agreeable as our 
present diets, is, more basic to 
human health than anything else. 

■feu* 1 r - 



Ss Of 


: MPs 

1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


South Africa’s Nationalist 
government, after retreating 
into its laager for the last 
quarter of a century, has now 
rolled the last wagon into 
place. From behind its wheels 
the Boers have long peered out 
at a world whose hostility they 
have defied and whose concil- 
iatory gestures they have 
brusquely rejected. With this 
week’s assault on press free- 
dom, they have tried to ensure 
that no-one can even peer 
at them. 

Yesterday’s arrests, includ- 
ing that of Mr Zwelakhe 
Sisulu, editor of the radical 
black journal New Nation, are 
the next moves in what Presi- 
dent Botha now clearly sees as 
a fight to the finish- The 
unrestricted nature of the 
censorship is, indeed, more 
appropriate to war than to 
peace, and Mr Botha's address 
to the nation last night in- 
dicates that it should be seen 
within that overall context. 

In one sense, the new 
censorship measures are a 
vindication of those who have 
aigued against the imposition 
of sanctions on the grounds 
that they would push a para- 
noid government to the walL 
As, one by one, some of the 
biggest multi-nationals in 
South Africa have pulled up 
their stakes and moved on, so 
the isolation of Pretoria has 
looked more desperate. It Min- 
isters have accordingly grown 
more intransigent To that 
extent the adoption of more, 
rather than less, extreme mea- 
sures against its critics was 

This does not, however, 
make it excusable — or wise. 
One reason for the measures is 
a fear within the government 
of an invasion of men's minds 
by “propaganda.” No doubt 
there are in South Africa, as 
elsewhere, journals whose 
dedication to the truth is less 
than total. But they are read 

largely by those who believe 
what they want to believe 
anyway. It is equally true dial 
newspapers proselytise. But to 
prevent them from reporting 
what is happening will hardly 
win their support. 

Riots and unrest axe among 
those matters which the gen- 
eral public has a reasonably 
unqualified right to know — 
and there is a moral argument 
against preventing them. But 
there is also a very practical 
one. South Africans are 
increasingly nervous about 
their long-term future and the 
government is hardly going to 
reassure them by restricting 
the outflow of news. The most 
likely result is a rise in the 
rumour industry and a con- 
sequent spread of alarm. 
Censorship is a weapon of war 
— in the Western democracies 
anyway. To introduce it now 
makes the crisis seem more 
serious rather than less. 

Presumably the government 
is hoping that by waving a big 
stick, it will produce at least 
the effect of a little one. Mr 
David Steward who heads the 
Bureau for Information, sug- 
gested yesterday that the new 
measures could be short-lived 
if the home and foreign media 
could find a way to “police 
themselves to make sure thay 
are not exposed to radicals.” 
Exactly how much licence 
reporters will be given and 
what penalties will be served 
on those who are held to 
transgress, will doubtless be 
learned the hard way. 

But by hook or by crook, the 
unfolding events in South 
Africa must be relayed to the 
world. At a time when the 
government has taken emer- 
gency powers of detention, it is 
more vital than ever that the 
Press should be vigilant and 
free. To extend the powers of 
censorship to cover even the 
courts is to lay one’s govern- 
ment open to justifiable sus- 



Following the confusions 
that enveloped the various 
police forces in the hunt for the 
Yorkshire Ripper, the Chief 
Inspector of Constabulary, Mr 
Lawrence Byford, recom- 
mended the introduction of 
computerised records to assist 
the police in any similar large- 
scale investigations in future. 
No one questioned that the 
effectiveness of Britain’s pol- 
ice forces would be greatly 
increased by the introduction 
of this new technology, least of 
all the Home Office, which 
immediately began working on 
a computer system to meet the 
specifications of the 43 police 
forces in England and Wales. 

As a result of those efforts, 
the first Home Office Large 
Major Enquiry System, known 
as Holmes, was introduced in 
the spring of 1986. It is 
estimated that by the end of 
the year some 27 of the 
regional police forces in Eng- 
land and Wales will be 
equipped with Holmes, and by 
the end of 1987 the vast 
majority of those remaining 
will also have acquired it. 

Police forces anywhere in 
the country will then be able, 
in short order, to collect, 
collate and share information 
on cases which stretch across 
regional jurisdictions. The 
practical advantage of such a 
system is that a computer is 
able to identify similarities, 
coincidences, links and clues 
far more quickly reliably than 
scores of policemen combing 

should be welcomed by the 
public as a significant step 
forward in the ability of the 
police to solve major crimes. 

Unfortunately, that capabil- 
ity is still some twelve months 
away. In the meantime, 
Nottinghamshire’s chief con- 
stable, Mr Charles Mclachlan, 
has asked the Home Office for 
additional f unding , estimated 
at £250,000, to enable the six 
police forces involved in the 
bunt for the killer or killers of 
Caroline Hogg, Susan Maxwell 
and Sarah Harper to comput- 
erise the information on these 
murders. Caroline Hogg, aged 
five, disappeared in Edinburgh 
and was found ten days later in 
Leicestershire; Susan Maxwell, 
aged eleven, disappeared from 
Coldstream on the Scottish 
Borders and was found two 
weeks later in Uttoxeter, and 
Sarah Harper, aged ten, dis- 
appeared from Leeds and was 
found three weeks later near 
Nottin gham. 

Police, long suspecting that 
there could be a fink between 
the three murders, have been 
eager to explore die parallels 
between them. But investiga- 
tion has been impeded until 
now by the incompatabflity of 
the information available to 
the various police forces in- 
volved. Although West Yoric- 
shire police have a fully, 
operational Holmes computer 
system, Lothian and Borders 
police are still working with a 
pre-Holmes and partially man- , 
ual system, while Staffordshire 
police operate a wholly man- 

through card index files. It police operate a wholly man- ra 


ual information retrieval sys- 

These data bases should 
ideally be brought up to 
Holmes standard specification 
as soon as possible. This would 
undoubtedly be expensive and 
time-consuming. In the case of 
West Staffordshire, for exam- 
ple, it would require transfer- 
ring some 75,000 manual 
records onto the Holmes sys- 

Nonetheless, the exercise 
could speed up the investiga- 
tion considerably. In view of 
the anguish of the parents and 
the desirability of apprehend- 
ing the criminal (or criminals) 
before another victim is 
claimed, the additional ex- 
pense is a relatively small price 
to pay for the increase in police 

Representatives of the six 
police forces are scheduled to 
discuss an emergency alloca- 
tion of funds from the Home 
Office early next week. The 
circumstances of this particu- 
lar investigation warrant a 
rapid response by the Home 
Office, if the police are to be 
helped to overcome an ob- 
stacle which will cease to exist 
in a few month’s time. 

The Home Office has al- 
ready indicated that it will give 
serious and urgent consid- 
eration to the request made by 
the officers in charge of the 
investigations. It should now 
go further and provide the 
additional resources they need 
to bring the investigation to a 
rapid conclusion. 

- * 

8^“# • - 
, f ? i-^t 

Mr Peter Bruinvels, MP, has 
proposed that foreign visitors 
to the House of Commons 
should be obliged to pay to get 
in. At first sight, the idea seems 
to have much to commend it. 
Verv few centres of entertain- 
ment allow the public in 
without charge, and it is not 
unacceptably outlandish to 
discriminate between for- 
eigners and natives in the very 
special case of Parliament, 

which is, after all, our Par- 
liament But farther reflection 
suggests that Mr Bruinvels 
may not have thought the 
thing right through. 

First what would happen if 
the attendance figures 
, slumped to wtuaUynotog 
as soon as the charge 
Imposed? Could there be 
clearer evidence that the 
world’s judgement was that the 
standard of production and 
performance at Westminster 
fell below the level at which it 
would be worth paying for a 


theatre; for them now to strike 
from the list the Theatre of 
Politics itelf would be an 
insupportable embarrassment. 

But that is not alL Suppose 
that a foreign visitor, paying 
for his stall (even without an 
audible sniff), m the expecta- 
tion of an exciting duel about 
spies between the Prime Min- 
ister and the Leader of the 
Opposition, should instead 
find himself listening to a 
discussion of the White Fish 
and Herring Industry Bill; 
what if he walked oni and 
demanded his money back 
from the box office? 

And there is worse than that 
to contemplate. Foreigners 
have a long history of getting 
over-excited at theatres and 
concert-halls; at the first 
performance of Stravinsky’s 
Le Sacrt de Printemps the 
audience set the curtains on 
fire, and after the premiere of 
Victor Hugo’s Hemani they 
went out into the streets and 
started a revolution. We 
baidty think that that is the 
sort of thing Mr Bruinvels had 
in mind. 

Then again, the role of the 
Arts Council comes into ques- 
tion. Should the performances 
at the Commons be subsid- 
ised? If so, where are the extra 
funds to come from? If not, the 
management might well find 
that they would have to pat up 
the price of the seats to a height 
that would deter all but the 
wealthiest visitors, which 
would inevitably provoke 
accusations of elitism. And 
what about the inevitable fric- 
tion between the foreigners, 
having to fork out for their 
tickets, and the British, march- 
ing in free? Is that the way to 
cultivate harmony between 
this country and others? 

All in all, we feel that the 
sugestion, well-meant as it 
doubtless was, would be, lit- 
erally, more trouble than it was 
worth. (And to make the 
charge voluntary, as at the V & 
A, would be to invite the worst 
of both worlds.) MPs who were 
already getting excited at the 
proposal will have to resign 
themselves to the feet that 
Budget Day will still come but 
once a year. 

Putting back the education clock? 

The relative freedom of 
South Africa’s press has always 
been a beacon of light in the 
darkness. That has now been 
extinguished and to cite in- 
stances of countries in black 
Africa where the independent 

reporter is given short shrift is 
no real answer. 

These are matters of particu- 
lar concern to those countries 
which still have substantial 
investments in South Africa — 
as does Britain. Indeed, the 
Foreign Office took an early 
opportunity to deplore the 
restrictions on press freedom. 
For countries like Britain have 
exposed themselves to pres- 
sures of all kinds in trying to 
retain links with the Cape. The 
abandonment of this last ves- 
tige of respectability by the 
Botha government, has madf, 
the British position that much 
more difficult 

President Botha, of course, 
will not lose much sleep over 
this. That was clear from the 
scant courtesies extended to 
Sir Geoffrey Howe on his visit 
there last Summer. On the 
other hand, he has a more 
practical interest in retaining 
Western investments in South 
Africa, and this interest is 
poorly served by crisis moves 
like this. 

The most that one can hope 
for is that his actions are 
designed not so much to 
prolong white minority rule in 
South Africa, as to enable an 
orderly retreat from it It is 
arguable, and no doubt liberal 
Nationalists might try to argue 
it, that reform as opposed to 
revolution, needs to take place 
without the interference of a 
critical outside world. The 
tragedy of it is that, even if this 
is true, his policies are raising 
the stakes and making the job 
much harder. The laager is not 
impenetrable and in the end it 
is the sword not the pen he has 
to fear. 

From the Secretary of the National 
Association for Primary Education 
Sir, Kenneth Baker proposes a 
return to almost the precise con- 
ditions operating in English 
education under the 1862 Revised 
Code, with “payment by results” 
remaining the fundamental philo- 
sophical strand. Perhaps he should 
inform the governing bodies to 
whom he wishes to hand power of 
some of the historic effects of that 

1. Teachers neglected the able 
children in order to txy to advance 
the duQ. 

2. Administrative falsification 
occurred on a scale never seen 

3. Children were kept down until 
they cleared all the academic 
targets each year. 

4. Classes became larger, the 
supply of quality teachers de- 

5. The climate within schools 
became hostile. Inspectors were 
regarded as enemies. Inspections 
were seen as “one-off” perfor- 
mances when artificial conditions 
were established in schools merely 
to try to impress. 

6. The examination system en- 
couraged a heavy reliance on rote 
learning, something discredited by 
inspectors and the composers of 
major reports throughout the his- 
tory ^ of English education, not least 
in mathematics. 

7. The examinations were re- 
stricted laigely to the three Rs, 
inducing a wilful neglect of the rest 
of the curriculum. 

The assumption that there is 
ever anything like a standard c hild 
able to perform to a given target at 
a given moment in time has long- 
been discredited. The 11-ptus 
examination represented the last 
Baker-style foray into attainment 
testing and remains discredited 
even in the public mind, for there 
were always too many losers. The 
Name for failure could largely be 
placed upon the children, but 
Baker will want parents to blame it 

Towards forgiveness 

From the Reverend Peter Timms 
Sir, The Home Secretary's alleged 
reluctance to allow Myra Hindley 
to visit Saddleworth Moor may 
signal an end to this particular 
media-inspired enterprise. 

On October 31, 1986, Mrs 
Johnson, the mother of the miss- 
ing boy, Keith Bennett, wrote to 
Myra Hindley seeking her help. 
That letter Miss Hindley dis- 
cussed personally with me, rearing 
that if she replied herself her 
motives would be misrepresented 
by the Press and media generally. 
Her fears were soon realized and 
r her genuine desire to help Mrs 
Johnson quickly crippled by the 
initiative of the Today newspaper, 
who, on November 11, broke the 
: story of the police enquiry. The 
subsequent media attention, innu- 
i endo and in some cases .gross 
fabrication made any reply to Mrs 
I Johnson almost impossible. 

Value of white bread 

From the Director of the Scottish 
Association of Master Bakers 
Sir, 1 must protest against the 
implications in the article,* 4 The 
unhealthy subsidy” (November 
27), and in the cartoon alongside 
that white bread is a major factor 
in poor diets. 

The Scottish Health Education 
Group, an arm of the Scottish 
Office, stressed earlier this year 
that overall consumption of all 
bread should be increased, 
reinforcing the conclusions of the 
report by the Government’s 
committee on the medical aspects 
of food. 

White bread contains an av- 
erage of 33 per cent of the fibre of 
wholemeal and the group points 
oat that “although the lowest of 
the (bread) fibre groups, white 
bread is still a valuable source of 
dietary fibre.” 

The main criticism of the 
common agricultural policy’s 
cereals regime should not be of its 
differential effect on various 
wheat varieties but of the major 
distortion it causes elsewhere. 
Best-quality North American 
wheat is being offered at £105 to 
£1 10 per tonne, but on top of that 

Pay troubles ahead 

From Professor Emeritus T. Bama 
Sir, Wilfred Beckerman’s excellent 
article (November 26) on the 
Chancellor’s U-turn by no means 
exhausts the problems that are 
piling up for the Government. 

For several years now the 
incomes of large sections of the 
population — mainly those receiv- 
ing pensions or other social bene- 
fits, retired Civil Servants and 
teachers, and many of those in 
public services - may have kept 
pace with the rise in the index of 
retail prices but have cumulat- 
ively, and by now substantially, 
fallen behind the more rapid rise 
in average wages. 

At present, by the standards of 
recent years inflation is at a low 
level, in large part as the result of 
the fall in the world prices of 
commodities and food (which, in 
its turn causes serious problems in 
poor countries). But, within the 
UK, the suppression of claims by 
the economically weak also 
contributed to the fall in inflation. 

History has shown that such 
increase . in inequality between 
those in strong and those in weak 
economic positions is feasible in 
the short run, but in the longer run 
social pressure for fairness is likely 
to reassert itself. When this hap- 
pens, the chance of an inflationary 
explosion will be that much 

Yours faithfully, 


Bea nacre, 


Hassocks, Sussex. 

November 26. 

upon the teachers —just as false a 
basis for educational reflection. 

Everything we know about 
education tells us that it is a 
randomly progressive process in 
which performance must be vari- 
able and provision flexible. The 
younger the child, the more this is 


Mr Baker's proposals are a 
prescription for strife. Teaching 
will become robotised, mechani- 
cally directed solely to the passing 
of the tests. The very healthy 
developments made in recent 
years towards all-round partner- 
ship in the provision of education 
and the reduction of illogical 
barriers to learning will be under- 
mined. Moreover, Parliament and 
the nation will be deeply divided, 
reducing this vital educational 
argument to the same swings of 
the electoral pendulum that have 
for so long vitiated the reasonable 
hope of secure long-term strategy 
our competitors enjoy. 

In setting national against local 
government the proposals open up 
a new form of class warfare, when 
class of one kind or another and 
the divisions thereby perpetuated 
in attitude and response also 
reduce national performance. 
Government parsimony provoked 
the conflict in the first place and 
Government parsimony now pre- 
vents an agreement capable of 
uniting the education profession 
as never before. 

If Mr Baker really wants overall 
standards to improve be would do 
better to direct national resources 
towards the spreading of the great 
range of excellent practice that 
exists in this country and that 
recognises contemporary know- 
ledge and need. 

Yours sincerely, 

National Association for Primary 

Hill Cottage, 



December 9. 

Nevertheless Myra Hindley has 
continued to assist the Manchester 
police, but even this has been 
warped to further distort her 
intention. Whatever past evil she 
has committed, and tire admits to 
evil, her present unconditional 
help to the police might now be 
accepted as revealing considerable 

The media circus may be com- 
ing to an end, but the damaging 
untruths conveyed will dol In a 
civilised and Christian society 
even Myra Hindley is entitled to 
the same fairness mid justice that 
is afforded to all other life- 
sentence prisoners, no more, but 
no less. 

Yours etc, 


The Methodist Church, 

67 South Avenue, 



December 8. 

is an import levy which stood at 
£115.23 earlier this week. Mean- 
while the UK ex-farm price for 
December delivery of bread mill- 
ing wheat stood at £123 last week. 

Substantial refunds (or sub- 
sidies) are paid by the European 
Commission so that EEC exports 
can compete on the world market. 
The result is that millers have to 
pay inflated prices for all grain 
they purchase; and flour costs 25 
per cent or more than it would on 
the world market. 

Nevertheless under the com- 
mon agricultural policy Britain and 
western Europe have been able to 
virtually eliminate imports from 
temperate countries and over 
much of Europe the gap between 
urban prosperity and rural decline 
has been dosed. 

The requirements of a reformed 
CAP are to remove the distortions 
while still maintaining reasonable 
guaranteed returns for the agri- 
cultural industry. 

Yours sincerely, 

JOHN LEFLEY, Director, 

The Scottish Association of 
Master Bakers, 

AthoU House, 

4 Torphichen Street, 

Edinb urgh. 

December I. 

Unfitting response 

From Miss Margara Slade 
Sir, I received this week from the 
Inland Revenue a demand for 
quite a substantial sum of money. 

A prepaid reply envelope was 
enclosed. Printed on the payslip 
was the instruction, “Do not fold 
the payslip”. On foe envelope the 
exhortation that the slip should be 
UNFOLDED (capital letters) was 

Since the payslip was wider than 
the envelope provided for its 
despatch I am at a loss to know 
how I was expected to comply 
with the instruction. 

Yours faithfully. 


2 Percy Street, 

Bingley, West Yorkshire. 

November 29. 

Peripheral vision 

From Mr W. McMillan 
Sir, Your Science Report (Decem- 
ber 3) on road accidents and 
peripheral vision prompts me to 
ask how many people suffer, like 
me, from extreme agitation when 
driving over or past black and 
white stripes at junctions and 

These so-called safety markings 
are, for me, the opposite. Instead 
of driving calmly at these critical 
points I find myself severely 

Migraine sufferers most find 
them a dangerous trigger to their 

Yours faithfully, 

bill mcmillan, 

36 Hill House Close, 

Turners Hill, West Sussex. 

Protecting sea 
from pollution 

from Mr Tony Wilson 
Sir, The Government’s efforts to 
take its share of responsibility for 
protecting the sea from pollution 
caused by ships carrying chemi- 
cals are inadequate. The UK is a 
signatory to international regula- 
tions designed to prevent pollu- 
tion by noxious liquid substances, 
but despite this the Government 
has done • nothing to honour its 

The Convention (Marine Pollu- 
tion 73/78, annex II) has been 
accepted by 41 countries and 
applies to more than 8 1 per cent of 
the world's ships; it comes into 
force on April 6 next year. 

From that date the discharge of 
certain chemicals into the sea will 
be prohibited altogether, and the 
discharge of others will be severely 
restricted. Ships will be obliged to 
send ashore residues of specified 
chemicals along with the water 
used for washing tanks that have 
carried them, if the regulations 
prevent their disposal at sea. 

The regulations clearly slate 
that governments of each party to 
the Convention undertake to en- 
sure the provision of adequate 
facilities for the reception of 
residues and mixtures containing 
noxious liquid waste. 

Mr Michael Spicer, the Par- 
liamentary Under-Secretary of 
State for Transport, said in a 
written answer on November 26: 
There is at present no Legal require- 
ment for UK ports to provide 
reception facilities for noxious liq- 
uid wastes arising from ships; there- 
fore, no information is available as 
to established facilities. 

It is clear from Mr Spicer’s 
comments that the Government 
has no intention of takin g any 
action until the April 6 deadline; 
this is not the intention of the 
Convention which the UK helped 
to develop. 

Yours faithfully, 


The Motor Ship, 

Quadrant House, The Quadrant, 
Sutton, Surrey. 

December 3. 

Fight against Aids 

From the Reverend Nicholas Aiken 
Sir, Mr John Stokes's letter 
(December 4) is an embarrassing 
comment on the Church, essen- 
tially because he is right 
The Church of England all too 
frequently, in its effort to under- 
stand and care for people of 
different views and practices, loses 
sight of its distinctive Christian 

Sex is for marriage; indeed an 
unpopular message in our hedon- 
istic society, but we have failed to 
possess the courage to convey that 
message. Sadly now many are 
reaping the consequences of 
permissive sexual activity. They 
are, however, the ones we have 
really foiled. 

Yours faithfully, 

Youth Officer), 

Diocese of Guildford, 

Education Department, 

Diocesan House, Quarry Street, 

Winning marg ins 

From the President of the Associ- 
ation of Track ana Field Stat- 

Sir, In his article (“Spectrum”, 
December 2) on Britain's suc- 
cesses in the 1956 Olympic 
Games, William Greaves states 
that Derek Johnson lost a gold 
medal “in the closest finish to a 
middle-distance event in Olympic 

That is a view based more on 
emotion than fact: Tom 
Courtney’s winning margin of 

O. 13 sec. (lm 47.75 to lm 47.88) 
was by no means the smallest ever 
recorded. Josy Barthel won the 
1952 1,500 metres by 0.1 1 sec. (3m 
45.28 to 3m 45.39 y, in 1960, Peter 
Snell won his first 800 metres gold 
medal with a 0.07 sec. margin (lm 
46.48 to im 46.55k while Dave 
Wottie took the 1972 800 metres 
title by a mere 0.03 sec. (lm 45.86 
to lm 45.89). 

Yours foithfiilly, 

BOB SPARKS (President. 
Association of Track and Held 

94 Reigate Road, 

Ewell, Epsom, Surrey. 

December 3. 

Docklands airport 

From Mr Patrick Cormack. AfP 
for Staffordshire South (Conser- 

Sir, Your diarist refers (December 
8) to discussion over the name for 
the new Docklands airport. What 
could be more appropriate than to 
name it after the man who did 
more than any other to save 
London this century and call it 
Chur chill? 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Commons. 

From Mr P. B. Lucas 
Sir, Is it really to be called 
“Dowding Airport”? With all 
respect to his lordship's imperish- 
able memory, it was Air Vice- 
Marshal Keith Park, Air Officer 
Commanding, No. 11 Group, 
Fighter Command and his squad- 
rons from North Weald, Horn- 
church, Nonholt, Gravesend, 
Biggin Hill and the rest who, in 
1940, fought and won the day-to- 
day, tactical battle over the docks 
and airfields. 

Why not just call it Keith Park? 
Two syllables are better than four 
and, besides, it would be a nice 
tribute to our splendid New 
Zealand cobbers, who contributed 
much to the victory. 

Yours foithfiilly, 


Flat 2, 11 Onslow Square, SW7. 
December 8. 


DECEMBER 13 1917 

General Alienin’ (1861-1936) was 
given command in 191 7 of the 
Egyptian Expeditionary 1 Force, 
whnse notabie victory at Gaza led 
to the evacuation of Jerusalem by 
the Turks. 




The following telegram, received 
yesterday from General Sir E. 
Allenby. was read in the House of 
Commons by Mr. Lloyd George- 
Jenxsalem, 2 pjn., 
Dec. 11. 1917. 

I entered this city officially at 
noon today with a few of my staff, 
the commanders of the French and 
Italian detachment, and the Mili- 
tary Attaches of France, Italy, and 
the United States of America. 

The procession was all on foot. 
At the Jaffa Gate I was received by 
guards representing England, Scot- 
land. Ireland. Wales, Australia, 
New Zealand, India, France and 
Italy. The population received me 
well Guards have been placed over 
the Holy Places. My Military 
Governor is in touch with the 
acting Custos of the Latins and the 
Greek representative. The Gover- 
nor has detailed an officer to 
supervise Christian Holy Places. 

The Mosque of Omar and the 
area round it has been placed under 
Moslem control, and a military 
cordon, composed of Indian 
Mahomedan officers and soldiers, 
has been established round the 
Mosque. Orders have been issued 
that no non-Moslem is to pass this 
cordon without permission of the 
Military Governor and the Moslem 
in charge of the Mosque. 

The following proclamation was 
read in my presence to the popula- 
tion in Arabic. Hebrew. English, 
French, Italian, Greek, and Rus- 
sian from the steps of the Citadel, 
and has been posted on the walls: - 

Proclamation of Martial 
Law in Jerusalem. 

To the inhabitants of Jerusalem 
the Blessed and the people dwelling 
in the vicinity. The defeat inflicted 
upon the Turks by the troops 
under my command has resulted in 
the occupation of your city by my 
forces. I therefore here and now 
proclaim it to be under martial law, 
under which form of administra- 
tion it will remain so long as 
military considerations make it 
necessary. However, lest any of you 
should be alarmed by reason of 
your experience at the hands of the 
enemy who has retired. I hereby 
inform you that it is my desire that 
every person should pursue his 
iawfii! business without fear of 

Furthermore, since your City is 
regarded with affection by the 
adherents of three of the great 
religions of mankind, and its soil 
has been consecrated by the pray- 
ers and pilgrimages of multitudes 
of devout people of these three 
religions for many centuries, there- 
fore do I make known to you that 
every sacred building, monument, 
Holy spot, shrine, traditional site, 
endowment, pious bequest, or cus- 
tomary place of prayer, of whatso- 
ever form of the three religions, will 
be maintained and protected ac- 
cording to the existing customs and 
beliefs of those to whose faiths they 
are sacred. . . 

The British in Jerusalem. 

. . . Unlike the bombastic and 
spectacular entry of the GERMAN 
EMPEROR — who, though in 
reality a Cook's tourist rode into 
the city in the theatrical guise of a 
conqueror, and proceeded to 
preach a political sermon in a 
German church — GENERAL 
ALLE NBY and his companions 
were on foot, and made no effort to 
impress the imagination of spec- 
tators. . . News travels last in the 
East, and we imagine that the 
tidings of the entry of the British 
Commander and bis Allied Staff 
into the Holy City, as of the just 
and tolerant spirit that has in- 
formed his dispositions, will quick- 
ly spread through every Oriental 
bazaar and communi ty. . . 

At a moment when Christendom 
is tom by strife, let loose through 
the apostate ambitions of those 
who have returned in practice to 
the sanguinary worship of their 
“Old German god", it stands forth 

q gn tha t the righteousness and 
justice that are the souls of 
Christian ethics guide Christian 
victors even in the flush of 

Badgering badgers 

From Mr Dominick Martelli 
Sir, It is all very well for Sir 
Christopher Lever (December 5) 
to want to extend the Badgers Act 
■1973 to prohibit disturbing or 
destroying their setts, but those of 
us who have put up with a resident 
(rent-free) member of Mr Brock’s 
family feel strongly that the Act 
goes quite far enough. 

My badger has made himself 
extremely comfortable in a dry 
sandy bank, seriously undermin- 
ing the garden wail, which is a 
listed builcing.The most recent 
extension of his dwelling involves 
pulling out some bricks in the 
direction of the house, and not a 
cricket pitch's distance from my 
hack door, emerging inside one of 
the outbuildings. 

Before he moves into my house, 

1 intend to serve notice on him in 
no uncertain terms. Any sugges- 
tions from your readers as to the 
most effective, and at the same 
time duly courteous, method of so 
doing would be much appreciated. 
Yours faithfully. 


Wooth Manor, 

Bridport, Dorset. 

December 8. 





Wiesel and the silence of God 



December 12: The Queen vis- 
ited South Yorkshire today. 
The Queen arrived at Doncaster 
Station in the Royal Train this 
morning and, having been re- 
ceived by Her Majesty’s Lord- 
Lieu tenant for South Yorkshire 
(Lieutenant-Colonel J.H. Neill) 
and the Mayor of Doncaster 
(Councillor £ Gardner), visited 
the site of Doncaster Leisure 
Centre and unveiled a 

commemorative plaque. 

The Queen then visited 
Brampton Centre and, escorted 
by the Mayor of Rotherham 
(Councillor J.L Skelton), toured 
the Managed Workshops, un- 
veiled a commemorative plaque 
and visited the Leisure Centre. 

Afterwards, Her Majesty vis- 
ited Barnsley Council for Vol- 
untary Service (Director, Mr R. 
Darlisoo) and toured the 
Community Programme 

tended the Bureau Meeting of 
the FE3 at the Waldorf Hotel. 

Mrs Timothy Holderaess- 
Roddam was m attendance. 

Mr Humphrey Mews was in 

December 12: Lieutenant-Gen- 
eral Sir John Akehunst today 
bad the honour of being re- 
ceived by Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother, Colond-m- 
ChieL The Royal Anglian Regi- 
ment, upon assuming his 
appointment as Colonel of the 

December 1 i The Princess of 
Wales this afternoon visited the 
Gloucestershire Association for 
the Disabled at Stuart House, 

December 12: The Duke of 
Kent, as Chancellor, today pre- 
sided at the Ceremony for the 
Conferment of Higher Degrees 
at the University of Surrey. 

Last Wednesday, Hie Wiesel 
received the Nobel Peace 
Prize in Oslo and immediately 
afterwards left for IsraeL 
must visit Israel afterwards as 
an act of affirmation”, he had 
said a few days earlier. “It is 
port of my iask in life.” Yet 
what is EBe Wiesel’s task? The 
arguments and discussions 
about the nature of this qufet, 
enigmatic teacher have not 
ceased since the Peace Prize 
announcement was made. 

Much of the world became 
aware of him only when he 
confronted Ronald Reagan 
over his visit to the the 
Bitburg mflicaiy graves last 
year, pleading with the Ameri- 
can President to take his stand 
with the victims and not with 
the perpetrators of the Holo- 
caust. President Reagan had 

camp who saw his father die 
alongside hfrn remains central 
to his works. 

It gave him a knowledge of 
evil - not of a Satan figure 
beloved by fundamentalists — 
but of evil within human 
beings and in the power 
structures of our tune. 

The Peace Prize came to be 
awarded, ultimately, for his 
involvement in the fight for 
minority groups under attack 
in South America, Asia, South 
Africa, and in the western 
world itself. Over the years, 
quietly and persistently, he 
has emphasized the right of 
the individual in the face of 
tyranny, oppression or simply 
bureaucratic apathy. 

Starting with tire reality of 
the Holocaust, Hie Wiesel 
never ignored those who suL 

The fam ous image of that first 
text is of a small child hanging 
on a gallows. For Christians, it 
was an evocation of Calvary — 
a fatally wrong interpretation. 
Calvary means life; Auschwite 
is death. “Where is God? 
There, on the gallows” was a 
statement of God being 
among the victims, the 

“When Israel was exiled 
from the Holy Land, the 
Sberizina (indwelling presence 
of God) went along with 
them” is part of the Jewish 
tradition. And Wiesel, more 

work as a remembrancer who 
may help to avert the rep- 
etition of evil* Even Israel is 
not an answer, although he 
will find rest and comfort 



answer to auscbwuz » uic 
determination not to let that 
happen again to any human 
being, in any part of the world- 
“I know”, he has said, “that 
there are questions which 
have no answers. There is 
untold pain, and suffering in 

on the proauction Oi con B *rj- 
ial anomalies. 

David Henry Morgan 
Woollam was bom on August 
12, 1921- His ntother was 

Australian, and his early edu- 
cation partly in Australia. 

He qualified from 

God’s creation. We are angry. ne yuan. and 

We should be angry - 1 Peierhouse. CJnmiftil in I04X. 

than other thinkers, has 1 
probed deeply into the nature 
of that strf&g which does 
Easton or simply not on iy afflict the dead, but 

• FU y * « ^ also the living, 
nth the reality of Hie Wiesel visited Ger- 
Hie ^. Wies ? many last year. It was a 

iri thAVP uriiA miL • 

appointed Him as chairman of fered alongside the Jews — the 
the US Holocaust Co minis- Sinti (gypsies) and other 

difficult visit, a painful jour- 
ney. Yet Ire talked to inefivid- 

Agency building and the Youth' sir Richard Buckley was in 

Development Agency Unit. 

The Queen then drove to 

Barnsley Town Hall and, having 
been received by the Mayor of 

been received by the Mayor of 
Barnsley (Councillor J. Wood), 
attended a Reception and 
honoured the Mayor with her 
presence at luncheon. 

In the afternoon The Queen 
visited Sheffield Wednesday 
Football Club at Hillsborough. 

Her Majesty was received by 
the Lord Mayor of Sheffield 


December 12: Princess Alexan- 
dra, President of the Royal Star 
and Garter Home for Disabled 
Sailors, Soldiers and Airmen, 
and the Hon Angus Ogilvy were 
present this evening at a Gala 
Performance of Cinderella, in 
aid of the Home, at the Rich- 
mond Theatre, Richmond, 

si on, a post from which he 
resigned last week. 

Most Jews see him as the 
voice from the Holocaust His 
books deal with his experience 
in the camps and with his 
attempt to understand the 
nature of aril and the silence 
of God. 

die Wiesel is a theologian 
whose texts start in the BOde 
and find their way into 
contemporary existence. His 
most recent books deal with 
biblical personalities, with 
rabbinic teachers of the first 

minority groups, the righteous 
Christians, the secularists who 
tried to fight the evil of their 

When people demand to 
know from Him what the 
Holocaust should teach us, he 
demurs: “In order to leant you 
have to deal with knowledge 
does not bring us closer to that 
event. Perhaps we can only 
learn h umili ty —and wonder at 
the silence of God.” 

The image of a silent God 
has endured in all his writings 
of evil, from his first novel. 

(Councillor F. Prince) and the 
Chairman of ihe Club (Mr H.E, 
McGee), opened the new Kop 
Stand and unveiled a 
commemorative plaque. 

Afterwards, The Queen met 
representatives of organizations 
participating in Industry Year 
and presented the first certifi- 
cate of participation in Industry 
Year Sheffield to the Chiu 
Executive, Sheffield Chamber of 
Commerce (Mr J. Ham bridge). 

Her Majesty then visited 
Sheffield Assay Office and, hav- 
ing been received by the Chair- 
man of Guardians (Dr W.G. 
lbberson) and the Assay Master 
(Mr D.G. Johnson), opened the 
new extension to the Office and 
unveiled a commemorative 

Afterwards, The Queen vis- 
ited Sheffield Town HaiL 

Lady Susan Hussey, Mr 
Kenneth Scott and Lieutenant- 
Commander Timothy 
Laurence, RN, were in 

The Princess Anne, Mm Mai* 
Phillips, President of the 
Federation Equestre 

Internationale, this morning at- 

Princess Anne, President of the 
British Knitting and Clothing 
Export Council, will visit 
Astraka, Blyvoor Works, 
Shildon, Co Durham, on Janu- 
ary 27. 

Princess Anne. Master of the 
Carmen's Company, will attend 
a court meeting at Carpenter’s 
Hall on January 29. 

Princess Anne, President of the 
British Knitting and Clothing 
Export Council, will attend the 
coundTs dinner at the Mansion 
House on January 29, when 
their export awards will be 

century, and with the life of Night, to his most recent 
pious Jews in the 18th cen- statements. Yet it is not 

tury. Nevertheless, the experi- 
ence of the child in the death 

“death-of-God theology”, 
which is abhorred by WiescL 

ney. Yet Ire talked to individ- 
uals, one at a time, and did not 
prejudge them. At that tune, 
he said: “We Jews do not 
believe in collective guilt. 
Nevertheless, we have to re- 
mind the world of the guilt 
time and again, stating: only 
the murderers are guilty, only 
the guilty are responsible. 
Their sons and daughters are 
not guilty! But we cannot 
forget symbols like the SS, 
representing totalitarianism 
and dictatorships The SS was 
the symbol of absolute evil, 
not only for Jews. Dachau 
began as a concentration camp 
for non-Jews.” 

Life continues, but does not 
often give answers for ab- 
solute acts of evil which have 
been done. Wiesel sees his 

™jl find "A*™ 1 COmforl age of 

be teaches that the only oW 

%££&%%*** s2JS2S^ ofcon83U ’ ■** *** 


ssrjsKri s-jssi^sa 

untold pain, and suffering in ranon partiy ifl Ausuah ^ m le2C hers. at *ladi mutual 

God’s creation. We are angry. He <V “rimbridee. and oroblerr.s were discussed. 

We should be angry - Peterhouse. Cam Dodge. ana . Ams and Gale 

SUKeSesSbe; ditoS lector a. the Royal CoUege 

comes a rebel here, ana foUownng this oJ - Surgeon s m l9Db. and 

humanity a question ad- wwfc < N1RCP by Milroy toiurcr. ? 

dressed to God. Wiesd stfll spue geareg hts N1KL*- w CDl i^ eo rFh>s.™»sm 19JS. 
feels that the answer might be wftmnatton m II M9. M !bln neve r realized the 

the Messiah. led by ilMwin I0 ., nnicBtia' of «hicn he stas 

_ If the .choice of the tNobd W 5U* b» use of a certain 

Peace Prize is still surprising it chmeal medicme. capnciousness a nd instability 

is so because the recipient is so In 1550 be was ^o. . in ? h ; s personality. He was 

worthy, because the choice is where conscious of this himself, and 

so right Wiesel towers over Cambridge JullSSn 1 os; it did slichtly embitter his 
his contemporaries with ail he became ® £ ie r van at Cambridge, 

the authority and profundity remaining untdtas 'JJSSf 11 * After retirement he workedm 
of a prophet As other proph- m 1982. He was ei »roas planning, and latterly 

els, and as a symbol of the FeHow of Emmanuel Colleg- 0Q 

Holocaust, he has been at- in 1959. zl n ui.» n , s 

hj^dfor ****** in hfe 


author of some fifty "papere on 


SAKS - - U&JS&r 

humanity a question ad- 
dressed to God Wiesd still 
feds that the answer might be 
the Messiah. 

If the choice of the Nobel 
Peace Prize is stiD surprising it 
is so because the recipient is so 
worthy, because the choice is 
so right Wiesd towers over 
his conte mporari es with all 
the authority and profundity 
of a prophet As other proph- 
ets, and as a symbol of the 
Holocaust, he has been at- 
tacked for persisting in his 

The integrity of the Nobel 
prize-winner wall be a re- 
minder to our society that the 
voice of peace cannot be 
stilled Wiesel is theologian 
and humanitarian, a great 
writer and an outstanding 
teacher. And much more than 
that, he represents the op- 
pressed of every age. 

Sabb! Albert 

Coilcee of Physicians m 1978. 

Woclfotti never realized the 
potential of which he was 
caoable because oi a certain 

capriciousness and instability 

in his personality;. He was 
conscious ot this himself, and 
ii did slightly embitter his 
later years at Cambridge. 
After retirement he worked in 
Jamilv planning, and latieriy 
gave mecicai advice on legal 

As domestic bursar of Em- 
manuel College in the early 
1960s he arranged tor the 
improvement of the college 

He is survived by his wife. 
Margaret, three daughters and 
a son { another son haring 
predeceased him). 



TODAY: The Aga Khan, SO; 
Lord Alexander of FOtterhill, 
81; Sir Terence Beckett, 63; the 
Hon Sir George Bellew, 87; 
General Arnold Brown (Salva- 
tion Army), 73; Lord Bullock, 
72; Mr Ernest Burlington, 60; 

Dr Arthur Cooke. 74; Sir John 
Dean, 87; Mr John Francombe, 
34; Dr Douglas Latto, 73; 
Professor Sir William McCrea, 



Mr S. Gardiner 
and Miss SLR. Carty 

The engagement is 
between Stephen, youngest son 
of Mr and Mrs J. Gardiner, of 
Ullswater Orescent, Bramcote, 
Nottin gham, and Kathleen 
(Kate), only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs M.F. Carty, of Woodside, 
Trowel! Moor, Nottinghamshire 

Mr 03* JV. Black 
and Miss HJ. Snell 

The engagement is announced 
between Ole, only son of the late 
Mr N. Black and Mrs R. Blade, 
of Newcastle upon Tyne, and 
Helen, youngest daughter of Mr 
and Mis RJ. Snell, of Newport, 

youngest son 
Gardiner, of 

Mr MJAf. Harris 
and Mbs CL Boss 

1 82; Mr John Piper, CH, 83; Mr 

A memorial service for Profes- 71 s£ 

, Ar c a John Pope-Hennessy, 73, Mr 

sor SA. Tobias will be held in St 
Francis Hall, Edgbaston Park 
Road, Birmingham, at 2pm 

A memorial service for Profes- 
sor Alan Gemmell will be held 
in the Chapel of Keele Univer- 
sity at 2.30 today. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life and work of Mr Michael 
Croft will be held at St Pancras 
Church, Euston Road, at 3pm 

Humphrey Prideaux, 71; Mr 
George Shultz, 66; Professor 
G-D. Sims. 60; Major-General 
Sir David Thorne, S3; Sir Lau- 
rens van der Post, 80; General 
Sir Peter Whileley, 66. 

MrGJVL Bothamley 

and Miss JJ5LA. 

The engagement is announced 
between Geoffrey, younger son 
of Mr and Mrs NL Bothamley, of 
Addington, Surrey, and Jen- 

Church news 

Resignations and retirements 

Th* Rev C A J Eastwood. Vicar. 


wnirw. Cowpijin. diocese of Pom- 
itkmiUi. to retire on November 30. 

The Rev R Everett. Vicar. Castle 
DoningtOfi. diocese of Leicester, re- 

signed In July. _ 

The Rev R H Grtmths. Team Vicar. 
Rom Team Ministry. Briusi r v. Rrm 
on -Wye. diocese of Hereford, to retire 
on January 31. 

The Rev D W Pugh. Team Vicar. St 
Augustine. Leicester, diocese of Leices- 
ter. to resign on January 1. 

The Rev J Reed, vicar, Rudston 
with Boynton and KUhann. diocese of 
York, to rettrs on January 31. 

The Rev B B Salmon. Vicar. 
WinKombe and Rural Dean or 
Locking, diocese or Bad) and Wens, to 
resign as Rural Dean on December I. 

Mr L Brenson 
and Miss JJL Thompson 
The marriage took place on 
November 29 in Glenview, 
Illinois, United States, between 
Mr Ian Brenson, son of Mr and 
Mrs K Brenson, of BickJey, 

TOMORROW: Sir Thomas 
Bromley, 75; Mr Richard 
Cassiiy, 59; General Sir Des- 
mond Fitzpatrick, 74; Major- 
General F.GG Graham, 78; the 
Most Rev J.B.R. Cnathvd. 67: ; 
Sir Anthony Kershaw, MP, 71; 
Judge Sir Ian Lewis, 61; Mr 
Berthold Lubedtio, 85: Mr Rob- , 
ert Mitchell, 73; Mr C.R. Mor- 
ris, 60, Mr Alberto Morrocco, 
69; Sir John Osborn, MP. 64; 
Dame Ruth Railton, 71; Miss | 
Lee Remick. 51; MrStan Smith, I 
40; Mr Simon Towneley, 65; i 

Addington, Surrey, and Jen- 
nifer, only daughter of Mis I. 
Dojg and the late Squadron 
Leader C.W. Doig, of 
Cassington, Oxford. 

The engagement is announced 
between Mark, elder son of Air 
Commodore and Mis JJL Har- 
ris, of Ameraham, Buckingham- 
shire, and Celina, eldest 
daughter of die Rev G.VA and 
Mrs Buss, of Souches, Albonme, 

Mr JJVLE. Bo; 
and Miss S.G. 

The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan Marie Ed- 
ward, son of Mr and Mrs John 
L. Boyer, of Norwood Green. 
Middlesex, and Stephanie 
Gillian, younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Anthony G. Reynolds, 
of Chelsea, London. 

Mr S.G. Haw 
and Miss CJLPHday 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, younger son 
ofMrand Mrs Harold Haw, of9 
Ameys Lane. FerndowtL, 
Wim borne, Dorset and Caro- 
line, eldest daughter of the late 
John Friday and Mis John 
Oldacre, of Standish Park, 
Storehouse, Gloucestershire. 

Mr M-D.Q- Henriqnes 
and Miss FJVL Wood 

Kent and Miss Julie Tbomp- Colond Sir Cennydd Traherne, 
son, daughter of Mr C Thomp- 76; Professor Allred Ubbelohde, 

Captain M. ftait h w a ite-Erfey 
and Miss MLP. Carmichael 

Other appointments 

Draconejs D Crato-WUd. SI Mary. 
Mtaaieton. Leeds, diocese at mpon. to 
be Deaconess al St John. aupeUown. 
diocese or stttsnaa. 

Deaconess H Skewing, to be non< 
sttuemuary AsaMam CWkb-en*s Ad- 
viser far U» diocese or Truro. 

Scottish Episcopal Charch 

Canon T K Kay will retire as 

DunMane cram December B9. 

The Rev R O, Dk» resigned _ 
PtleS-m-charge of Si map's. Louie 
Green Road. Edinburgh on Ms 
anuointmenl as Team Pries* si Old St 

anuointmeul as Team Priest si Old 
Paul's. Edinburgh. He continues 

He continues as 

Pne5l-ln-charge ctf » MargareTs. 
Easter Road. EdinlnWi. 

The Rev R A Grant. Rector of ClirM 
Church /St James. Edtnbvr&i. to be 
also Priest -tn-diarge of St Philip's. 
Lewie Green Rood. Edinburgh. 

The Rev T A H Foster. E%ilobtM8 
Union. County Cork (Ireland) to be 
Rector of St Mary s. Dalkeith and St 
Leonard’s. Laaswade (Edinburgh;. 

son and the late Mis Thompson, 
of Rolling Meadows, Illinois, 
United States. 

Untenaat-CoBimunler DJI. 
and Miss R. Lee 
-The marriage look place quietly 
on December 4 in Plymouth 
between Lieutenant-Com- 
mander Nicholas Gawthrop, 
RN (retd), of Plymouth, and 
Miss Rosalind Lee, of Frome. 
Mr N.A. Russell 
and Miss HJBX. Burrell 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, December 6, at the 
Church of St Peter and St Paul, 
Aldeburgh, Suffolk, between Mr 
Nicholas Russell, youngest son 
of Mr and Mis Cyril Russell, of 
Holland Park, London, and 
Miss Heather Burrell, daughter 
of Colonel and Mis John 
Burrell, of Aldebuigh. 

Memorial service 

Mr J.W. Scott 

A memorial service for Mr 
Joseph William Scott was held 
yesterday at the University 
Church of Christ the King, 
Gordon Square. The Rev Mal- 
colm Rush ton officiated, as- 
sisted by the Rev FJ. Friend. 
Professor D.E.N. Davies, Vice- 
Provost of University College 
London, and Mr Arthur Tatter- 
sall read the lessons. Professor 
D.W. James gave an address. 

The engagement is announced 
between Marcus Braithwafte- 
Exley, The Queen's Own High- 
landers, only son ofMrand Mrs 
Bryan Bruthwaite-Exley, of 
Pant Head. Ansxwick, Lan- 
caster. and Madeleine Pamela, 

The engagement is announced 
between Mark; son of Mr David 
Henri ques, of Winson, 
Gloucestershire, and Mrs 
Peggoty Henriques, of 
Cbtesbourne, Gloucestershire, 
and Felicity, daughter of Mr 
Russell Wood, of GrigweD, 

Mr M.GS. Mocketx 
and Miss IX. Stuart-White 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs T.GS. Mockctt, of 
DundenL Worcestershire, and 
Lucy, elder daughter of Judge 
and Mis CJS. Stuart-White, of 
Far Forest, Worcestershire: 

M r'FJ. Morris 
and Miss TJVX. Henk 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, younger son of 
the late Mr HJL Morris and 
Mrs Morris, of dream, and 
Tania, elder daughter of Dr and 
Mrs J.M. Henk, of Belmont, 

Mr CM Plena 
and Miss T.S. Hayward 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of the 
late Mr H. PTevin and ofMrs W. 
Millis and stepson of Mr W. 
Millie of Corton Denham, Dor- 
set, and Sarah, daughter of the 
late Brigadier P.H.C. Hayward 
and of Mrs DJvL Hayward, of 
Roughton. Norfolk. 

Dr H. La M. Reid 
and Mbs K3L little 
The engagement is announced 
between Hamish. son of Dr and 
Mrs AS. Reid of Woking, 
Surrey, and Kathleen, daughter 
of the late Mr A-R Little and 
Mis A.B. Little, of Newcastle 
upon Tyne. 

Mr CF. Roxburgh 
ami Miss LE. Pierce 
The engag ement is announced 
between Charles, younger son of 
Mr RA. Roxburgh, of Makfod 
Essex, and Mrs MM. Smith, of 

E^Tand ItoFtoei WbSd, of ^Chester Watt Sussol and 

Virginia. Water, Surrey. 

Peter O. Carmichael, of 
Aithurstone, Meigle, Perthshire. 

Mr BA Charkham __ 

The engagement is annomKxd tain and Mrs M.H. 
between Rupert, younger son of Mackonochie, of Ealing, 

Mr M-P. Mackouodue 
and Miss Ji. OceOo 


Mr and Mrs J.P. Charkham, of 
Knightsbridge, London, and 
Elizabeth, daughter of Canon 
and Mrs AMS. Wilson, of 
Preston, Rutland 

London, and Joanne, elder 
daughter of Mr R. OoeDo, of 
Brooklyn, New York, and Mrs 
B. OceUo (nfie Buscaglia), of 
Rosedale, New York. 

Karen, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs D-R- Pierce, of Broughton, 
Preston, Lancashire. 

Mr SJLN.WIlkiHson 
■ml Frftnfexn f H. Hraznings 
The engagemeni is annomaced 
between Steven Kurt Nairn, 
elder son of Mr and Mrs John 
Wilkinson, of Highbury, Mams 
Lane, Singleton, Lancashire, 
and Carotin Hdga, younger 
daughter of Herr and Frau K_ 
Hennings, of Rottach-figera, 
Bavaria, Germany. 

Mr Iain James Black, QG and 
Mr Christopher John Pitchers 
to be circuit judges on the 
Midland and Oxford Circuit. 


HM Government 
Baroness Young, Minister of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, was host yes- 
terday at a luncheon held at 
Lancaster House in honour of 
the Ambassador of Ecuador. 


HMS Belfast 

Marshal of the RAF Sir John 

G randy, Chairman of the Trust- 
ees of the Imperial War Mu- 


British Council 

Sir Anthony Kershaw, MP, 
Vice-Chairman of the British 
Council, was host at a luncheon 
held yesterday at 10 Spring ’ 
Gardens in honour of Mr Yang 
Haibo, Vice-Chairman of the 
State Education Commission of 

ees of the Imperial War Mu- 
seum. was host ata reception on 
HMS Belfast, held on December 
1 1, to celebrate the completion 
of the new quarterdeck. Among 

Guildhall. He was assisted by 
the Master of the Founders' 
Company, the Upper Bailiff of 
the Weavers’ Company and the 
Master of the Neediemakers' 
Company, accompanied, by 
their ladies. 


Institution of Highways and 

Mr Anthony Longden. Presi- 
dent of the Institution of High- 
ways and Transportation, 
presided at the annual luncheon 
held yesterday at Grosvenor 
House. Mr Peter Bonomley. 
Parliamentary Under-Secretary 
of State for Transport, and Mr 
B. Walsh, QC also spoke. 

Old Dnnstoman Association 
Mr G.G Wylie, President of the 
Old ' Dunstonian Association, 
presided at the annual dinner 
held last night at St Dunstan’s 
College. The other speakers 
were Mr M J. Whaunough, Mr 
B.D. Dance, headmaster, MJ.T. I 
Smith, head of school, and Mr i 
S.D. Thorogood. 

Mr Richard (Dick) Joseph 
Stallard. oilman and philan- 
thropist. died on December 9. 
He was 88. 

He was bora on July 2 j, 
1898. in a Yorkshire vicarage. 
Both his father and grandfa- 
ther were Church of England 
parsons, and be remained 
faithful throughout his life to 
Prayer Book Anglicanism, 
which did not, however, ex- 
clude a great interest in com- 
parative religion in his later 

When he was four he was 
introduced to a centenarian 
who had fought as a boy 
bugler at Waterloo: and twelve 
years later - still only a boy 
himself - he falsified his age to 
join ihe Inns of Court Regi- 
ment at the outbreak of the 
First World War. (His educa- 
tion, meanwhile, had been at 
Oakham School) 

From the Inns of Court 
Regiment he soon transferred 
to the Royal Naval Air Ser- 
vice, as the lieutenant pilot of 
a Short seaplane. In Novem- 
ber 1917, while patrolling in 
search of U-boats between 
Land's End and Ushant, his 
aircraft had engine failure and 
he had to ditch it in the middle 
of a minefield. After drifting 
for three days in these danger- 
ous waters, he and his naviga- 
tor were picked up by a French 

This experience was fol- 
lowed by a long period in 
hospital, but he returned to 
flying duties with the RAF at 
the time of its inauguration. 

After the war he attended 
Trinity Hall, Cambridge, but 
did not take his studies seri- 
ously, preferring tennis. With- 
out any engineering or other 
technical qualifications he be- 
came an oil drilling trainee in 
Burma, and later worked in 
the same line of business in 
Assam, Venezuela and Trini- 
dad, acquiring considerable 
skill as a manager. 

His experience led to his 
being recruited, in the late 
193%, by the English Drilling 
Equipment Company 
(EDECO) which, having 
started as the oilfield depart- 
ment of Vickers, was sacri- 
ficed and forced to operate on 
its own as a result of the 

During the Second World 
War he worked for the Depart- 

ment of Mines, while also 
doing his bit in the Horae 
Guard. At the end of the war 
he served for a time in the 
Control Commission in Ger- 
many, making contacts that 
may" later have helped 
EDECO to establish a service 
company supplying the Ger- 
man oil industry. 

But it was with the develop- 
ment of Nortb Sea oil that 
EDECO (a private concern), 
and Stallard himself, became 
really prosperous. .As chair- 
man of the group from 1959 to 
i97J. and thereafter closely 
associated with it after trans- 
ferring his shares to his chil- 
dren. he achieved substantial 
affluence, which a Monaco 
domicile latterly protected 
against the ravages ot 

IBs philanthropic efforts 
wen? directed, partly, towards 
the cause of ex-servicemen. 
For many years he served on 
the council of the British 
Commonwealth Ex-Services 
League, and in 1983 was 
appointed its vice-president 
Less well known was his 
contribution to the Church of 
England. He established a 
fund which, among other 
things, largely financed Mr 
Terry Waite’s two exploratory 
trips to China, and the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury’s result- 
ing visit to that country. 
Moreover, it was in no small 
degree his private representa- 
tions about the state of Chris- 
tian churches in China that 
inspired Lambeth’s interest in 
the subject 

The fond also facilitated a f 
number of Waite's missions 
on behalf of hostages in the 
Middle East 

Stallard was interested in 
history, but not in politics. 
Though he travelled widely, 
he spoke no foreign language 
well. His temperament was 
convivial, but he had a rule 
that his fitsi whisky of the day 
was not to be drunk before ten 
to seven in the evening. 

In his later years he was 
very infirm, and the bronchial 
trouble that afflicted him was 
a major reason for living 
abroad. He had a house in a 
suburb of Phoenix, Arizona, 
as well as a flat in Monte 

He is survived by a widow, 
a son and three daughters. 


Service dinner 

Mazrino Montinari, Nietz- 
sche scholar, died in Florence 
on November 24. He was 58. 






Institute of Marine Eagineera 
Lord Brabazon of Tara, Par- 
liamentary Under-Secretary of 
State at the Ministry of Trans- 
port. Lady Brabazon and Mr 
and Mrs P. Hares were the 
guests of Dr J. Cowley, Presi- 
dent of the Institute of Marine 
Engineers, and Mrs Cowley at 
the annual conversazione held 
yesterday at the Hilton hotel. 


Lord Underhill 

Lord and Lady Underhill enter- 
tained the members and guests 
of the international Cultural 
Exchange at dinner at the House 
of Lords last night. The High 
Commissioner for Malawi and 
Mrs Mkona and the High 
Commissioner for The Gamma 
and Mrs Sarr were among those 

Blacksmiths' Company 
Mr Peter N.G. Rayner, Prime 
Warden of the Blacksmiths* 
Company, presided at a ladies 
dinner held last night at 

LfeSenSSt-cSSSS J.G.W. J Bora a ? ia 1928 and SSL?* f* 51 Ge ™ 
Dean presided at a reunion educated at the Scuola ctuves tor his commenta 
dinner of the 3rd Regiment of Normale Superiors at Pisa, he Atso ^P racfl Zaraihustra. 
the Royal Horse Artillery held was first introduced to the 

R^arfTBntTOthcguatof ^th wtoSte to 

At the time of his death he 
was looking forward to work- 
ing on material just received 
from the East German ar- 
chives for his commentary on 





Eton College 

Michaelmas Half at Eton Coll- 
ege ends today. There are six 

work on what is considered Mr Edward (Eddie) 
the fullest and most authority McGuire, artist died on No- 
tive edition of Nietzsche’s vember 26. He was 54. 

WOTks ' Boro in Dublin ia 1932, he 

Before embarking on this was educated at Downside, 
mammoth project he had been and the Slade School of Art in 

boys leaving, including M.L.N. 
Wilkinson, KS, captain of 

Wilkinson, KS, captain of 
school, and Dr M.H. BaUancc is 

retiring from the staff. In the 
final of the House Association, i 
Mr R.O. QuibeU's defeated Mr 
M.T. Phillips's by 1 goal to 0. 
School opens for the Lent Half 
on January 14. 

entranced by the political London from where, he boast- 
climate of the post-war avant cd, he was “thrown out/' He 


e. For ten years he worked later returned to Ireland. 

or a Marxist bookshojxum- He was one of the circle 

n C ■ ■ nmi.nJ ■* n , 

publisher in Rome, finding his around Francis Bacon and 
way back to Nietzsche and Lurien Freud, painters whom 



Colli only in the late 1950s he much admired. So. too, was 
after going through a personal Patrick Swift, another Irish 

crisis and becoming disen- emigre artist of the period, 
chanted with left-wing revolu- who encouraged him fo paint 


NrN; ■ 


Private library fetches £226,875 

nonary concepts. 

McGuire was known parti c- 

During the next two de- ^ or h * s portraits, al- 

cades, he and Colli, who died J? onrajI .ui« sometimes 


Ask for wrinen details 

ftra Village g ite med 
Qcfil broker 


■ --U-E 


The Sbraiy of Matthew Boulton 
was sold by Christie's yesterday 
for £226J87S with 1 per cent left 
unsold. One of the greatest 
British metal workers of the 
18th century, he achieved even 
greater fame by coUaborating 
with James Watt to produce the 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Corespondent 

r Boulton Thursday offered about 400 was later ammr&by the late Sir 
yesterday watches from the collection of Charles Ctore, frooi whose es- 

in 1979, edited all Nietzsche’s ^P 1 ?. “, inL . subjects in- 
works published during his £ j!Kled Cavanagh and 
lifetime, his unpublished S ^ n . u ? ^roney. 





i WQW xuKMiiaiiiii 

n CUM HI* wo. on Ta H4B ttU 

Mann « w rotw umo nr gg»j ran 
newflB Wrj KM1 HMS 


aim 3M MH SIKETTm (ME( BU 

mm n nun swi m mw» n . 

n. torn is aeosi iwet w kbbj «w mm 
nmm »hu ii hoi amsT TH m asa EJ 

His books hare spent most of 
the past 200 years at the 
Oxfordshire manor house of 
Great Tew, an estate boagbt by 
his son and passed down 
through the family. 

It was essentially a working 
library, concentrating on sci- 
ences and manafactnre with 
some travel thrown in. The top 
price was I&800 (estimate 
£&Q00 to £10,000) for 46 works 
describing 18th-century indus- 
trial arts, Descriptions da Arts 
it Metiers. 

Sotheby's in New York oa 

Seth G Atwood, who owns the 
finest and largest private bore- 
logical coUecthm m the world, 
all asseatiiled since 1968. 

The top price was $231,000 
(estimate $KP90 to SimOOO), 
or £159^01, for a Bregnet watch 
finished in 18X3, 

In London yesterday, 
Sotheby's sold i mporta n t Conti- 
nental f urnitu re with boom-time 
prices. A kmgwood nuiqnetry 
commode encrested with ormolu 
and thought to bare been made 
hi Dresden to about 1745 made 
the top price of £231,000 (es- 
timate £100,000 to £X50£00). 

It is believed to hare been 
nude for a royal dient and was 
lest seen at auction at the Akram 
Qjeh sale in Monaco in 1979. 
On that occasion it was left 
unsold at about £100,000 but it 

tale it was offered yesterday. 
The sale totalled £19 million 
with 5 per ceut left ansold. 

Christie's winter Old Master 
picture sale set a new auction 
price record for Canaletto at 
£572,000 (estimate £250,000 to 
£3504)00). The pfctwe is a 
sunlit riewof the Grand Canal in 

Venice and measures roughly 

2 ft by 3 ft; attractive, but not 

lifetime, his unpublished „ , . --- ^ - 

works, 5,000 largely unknown - “ u j ^ ^PPfest Daint- 
letters as well as 2,000 letters L ng dead **!$* and animals 
addressed to Nietzsche. because, unlike live humans, 

But despite this achieve- pSSed**? ^ 

ment Montinari always which, like iv * “ r 

claimed, that he had only iust of his . tA® 't - ?.'- 

begun on what be called the drawn ^ W * K and sbarply tyCl? •• 

“red task". Eight volumes of 

commentaries to the complete rai detail on 

j. ■ 


works had been planned, of 

which he was able to complete 

In Glasgow oo Thursday ere-, 

ning Christie's held its first sale 
devoted exctesfrely tofonr Scot- 
tish colourists, Peploe, CadeU, 
Hunter ami Fergusson. It proved 
enonsoasbr popular with top 
prices of £40,700, £19050, 
£14^50 and £12400 respectively 
for the four artists. The sale 
totalled £728000 with US per 
ceat left unsold. 

He soi%ht to undersrand 
Nietzsche by reconstructing 
his intellectual development 
step by step. The subject 
captivated him, and he avidly 
read everything that the phi- 
losopher had read in order to 
discover hidden references or 
unsuspected influences. 

He was fastidious on techni- 
cal detail - “the slave of the 
paint - meticulously arrang* 
rag and grading his colours. 

Mcvjutre had a bohemian 
streak, and was not slow to 
msuft hjs patrons, especially 
those politicians and business- 
men who paid the highest 
prices for his portraits. He felt 
more at home among writers 
than other artists, 

Sal/y^ k surv * ved by his, wife. 


yy*. <■ 




ty J 





MWES-LYON - On Decanter z 1th. id 
'• strw and David, a doughty. 

tuu. - On Novanher StHh. tn 

OxfanUo Pauline <nfe Lftttem) and 
Peter a flanpMw Charlotte CatxleUe 

CARTER - On December 1 1th. to Lou- 
ise (n£e Ewart) ant Nicholas, a son. 

CHALMKR - On December 4th. Is Ju- 
dith and Timothy, a eon. WflUam 
Hugh, brother far Elttateth. 

CONNOLLY - On December 7th. to 
Chrtsdne (nfe Cooper) and Dennis, a 
sod Peter William RfchanL a brother 
for nunrwn. 

W)l ION - On December lith. to Sun 
(nie Greenwood) and Stephen, a son. 
Harry George. 

ISAACS - On DkwiAb- 11th 1966. to 
Alan and AUsoo. a son. David 

KBK - On Dece m ber 7th 1986. la 
Wendy (tee Gardner) and Oroone a 
daughter Natasha Wendy. 
M a cO OMALP - On December 8th 
1966. lo Ellen and Peter, a eon. Abz- 
ander James Robert. A brother for 

ORGAN - On December 6th 1986. at 
Leamlnvon Sea. to Stephanie and 
Adrian, a daughter EmUy India. 

REYNOLDS -On December 4th. at St 
Marys Hospital. Paddington, to 
Sheron (tee BedeU-Pwarce) «mt Rich- 
ard. a son. George William Hugo. 

SIMMONS - On December 6th 1986. at 
Watford General HospOaL to Pat 
Richard, a soo Robert David. 
STOREY - On December 10th. to An- 
gela (tee Greemlade) and KOchaeL a 
son. Oiartes George. 

TULLOCU - on December loth, to 
Kate (tee Dickson) and Teddy, a son. 

lMWM • On December nth. at Prta- 
cess Elizabeth Hospital. Guernsey, to 
Julia and Richard, a daughter. 
Cleme nti ne Rainey. 

WOOD - On December 1 lth. at West- 
minster Hospital. U> Susan and 
Andrew, a daughter. Madeleine 
Frances Jade, n suer for Natasha. 



ber 29th tn Casperla. Italy. Henry 
John Mailass. youngest son of Mr 
and Mrs Patrick Madge of Soberton. 
Hamp shi re, to Marlanoeia. elder 
daughter of Signor and Signora 
SDvano Ptetraforte of Rone. 


CUlTrtM - On December 1 lth 1986. 
Rex. loved husband of Marta, ftaiher 
of Paula and June and a dear grand- 
father. mime OcmaOon. Family 
flowers Only. rimmtfcww for 

Shlpwrecfced Mariners' Society may 

be sent to Granby Funeral Service. 
16 Princes Street. Dorchester. 

CA*m - On December tom. Hubert 
Gettge of Wycwtno. Kent, aged 96 
yean, a man fbr all seasons. 

CHARLTON - On December 8th. peace- 
hdbr and wun greet boinm 
Lord, at Oh Royal Mandat HomAN. 
orwhea. Jennifer, most dearly loved 
wtfej of Oarweo Chariton. mother of 

JoKDtAe. Martin. Ame and Mdw- 

to- dau ghter nf Betty and NeU 
Macdonald. Funeral service at St Pq- 
!?-■"*. Si Pau. Chafden. cm 
y ^fo^ F December 17th at 
***"•■ Famay flowers only to w A 
Truekwe and Son. CMsstead Valley 
SufTCy ’ *** *»n»- 
” os „tf, *»Ke*l » Royal Menden 
Appeal Fund via 38 Laazes 
Avenue. ChaMon. Caterfum. Str 
rmr. Enquiries to 0Q83 40809. 

' Oft December 9th. peacefaHv 
2“*“ **ort fllneas. Hugh Patrick, t*- 
j oyed hiaband or Ann. much loved 

of Patrick and Mark, and atop 
Ntter to Scott. Greany mtead by Ms 
mother Mrs M Davis m3 
brothers and afatara. Funeral sendee 
to be held at St Mark’s Church 
Swroe Wttteesday i7thDe- 
at llam. Ftowcn - tamUy 
gn»V- e onlr flKi aons to 


DOWNMB-Cto Decanter lith. Henry 
wmtam Wallace (Harry) of 
CtlntfetortL Norwich. Norfolk, 
dearest husband of Mary, a dear fa- 
ther of JflL John and Angela. Father- 

in- law of Mtchaei and Mlchatt and a 
«ry dear poppa of Kate, rnrah end 
Tom. ‘Ufa’s work well dose*. Funer- 
al service at ■Owlet Church’, hw , 
Norwich on Monday December ism 1 
at io.l5am followed by private cre- 
mation. Family oowere only but 
donations for mends of the 
Cathedral’, c/o a w Gooch and 
So n s. Funeral Directors. Kimberley 
Street. Norwich. NR2 3«J 

fiOMAm - On December 10 th 1986. 
Lady A.V.. widow of Sir Holland 
Goddard. Very dearly loved mother 
or Michael and Erica and mother-in- 
law of su. Will be sadly mtoed by 
her grandchildren and her many 
friends. Funeral service at tie 
Oiurch of sl John the BanttaL dar- 
endon Park Road. Leicester on 
Wednesday December 17th at 12 
n oo n . Oemabon fodowtag at Leices- 
ter Oematortum. Family flowers 
only but tf desired. donations far 
Tha Leicester Royal inarmary 8am- 
ner Appeal w ffl be greatly 
appreciated- All donations and enqui- 
ries please, to Ginns and GuturMge 
Ltd. Funeral Dkcckn of Ldcnkr. 
Tti. 0033 616117. 

MA C A U LAY - On December 10 th 
• 1986, at West Wittering, violet, dew 
sister of the late Jack and loving and 
much loved aunt of David and Jen- 
s'- Funeral at Saint Mchatas 
Church, ncheuor. « 2. 3Com on 
Wed nes day December 17th. Flowers 
Mease to Edward White and San. s 
South PaBanL ra t ten- 1 - west 

WAR M . On December toth 1986. 
Catherine Mann (Tuff), wd 86. 
years, peacefully at St. Haul's Rest 
Home. Burgh le M a rsh . n»>« (fer- 
merty of 300 Drummond RowL 
Skegness). Funeral on Monday ISO] 
D e cember 1986 at I lam. mBL Peter 
and SL Paul's Church. Burtfi-Ie- 
Marati. Followed by private 

MOSELEY - On December 10th 1986. 
oavld PWWtCk Orange Moseley, of 
DorfMd Cottage. A Cion, NantwUi. 
Cheshire, aged 79 years. Peacefully 
ni wrenbory HaU Nursing Home. 
Dearly loved husband of Molly, tb- 
ther of Jm and Patricia. ^andfattwr 
of James. Antony. Peter and Kale. 
Funeral sendee and unwnwnt at SL 
Mary* Church. Acton. Nr Nantwfcb 
on Monday December iSth at 
2 .SOpm. Family flowers only Please. 
Donations If desired wffl be received 
tor SL Mary's Ciwuch Acton sad 
Panungsocs Decease Re aea r c hFimd- 
Enauiriea to a W Burow* and Son. 
Funeral Dfredocs. Tel: 0270 74243 

OTOMNOR- On December 100x1996. 
wfctotuy at home. Austin ■Bey', be- 
loved husbond of Diana, and Mher 
of Micky. Funeral private. No flow- 
ers phew. 

PRR4JRS - On December I lth. peacs- 
fbOy at LyArook HosMtaL Gtora. 
Flora Elizabeth (n*e WflUamsFreo- 
manxaged 86 years, lately of The 
Pottery. Sl totaveis. does and Park 
Road. Aldabnrgh. Cremation on 
Wednesday. December !7th at 2.30 
Dm- at Qoueeater Cwnulnctiirn and 
tninment wta be held at Aldebcvgh 
Pariah Church in January. Flowers 

and enanmes to G Harm aid Son. 
46 Nowenw Street Lydaey. Qua 
(0594 42877). 

POSER • On Decemb e r ltth. peaceful- 
ly In ber sleep, Frttzt dearly loved 
mother of Freddie and grandmother 
of Julia and bams, cremation at 
East ChapeL Golden (Keen Cremato- 
rium. 2.50 pm. Tuesday 16th 

TAYLOR - On Tbunday Decante r 
ltth 1986. at Ckteff. Perthshire. 
Dorothy Tretnayne (tee Batbn) aged 
96 yearn. Late of Cbflon. Bristol and 
St Cross. Winchester, peacefully in 
her Been. Beloved wife of the late 
Wilfrid ReyneC Taylor and dearly 
loved mother and grandmother. 

WALKER - On December ltth. very 
peaerfuoy. la her ninety third year. 
Doris (nfe HobndenX dear mother of 
Dick and step mother to Eileen and 
Jhn. cremation af Craydon Oemaio- 
rtwn. Ham on Friday Dec e mber 
19th. Family flowers only, lo 
EbbuQs. 89 High SL Oruydoo. 


ROHOni ROBERTS • Cart Eric. 
Writer and Bamster- at- Law. Now. 
and always, remembering our love 
and happiness. Peggie. 

ann ua - Maurice Edetmao M-P. 
Remembered tomorro w and every 
day devotedly and proudly by bis , 
wife: the and daughters. Sonia and 




CAMP AMERICA offers teach- 
ers. nurses and students over 18 
years of age the opportunity to 
be a camp counsellor for 9 
weds to leach sports, aits and 
crafts in an American summer 
camp. Benefits Include FREE re- 
turn night. FREE board, pocket 
money and up to 6 weeks Urea 
tone. Please send postcard with 
name and address to: CAMP 
AMERICA. DepL TT. 37 Queens 
Gate. London SW7 or call 

01-581 2378. 


Mr New VssHs Eve buffet wati 
dandopaod a rrtaxfng atmottMTW for 
New Years day (sracaaomr mV?) 



Wtehes to announce that she has 
taken over the veterinary 
practice at 1 1 Eardley descent. 



the team wflh the best 
experie o re World-wide 


TEL: 0227 462618 



Wlcaodm brauffiul nattnal com mo. 
Qitremeiy hard wrartoglhe boat men- 
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Maaluloe vetvet pUe carpel 14 plain 
cotoars. Bunt m under ay 12* wide 
fnaaatoOL 7 year wmrgrafamctar 
name or oin«. tt.75 per h yd + v»L 
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148 Wandsworth Bridge Rd 
Parsons Own SW6 

Tefc01-73 1-3368/9 

Fmo EuiMtofiom Flung 

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■NOADWOOII Grand 140^46007. Mahoga- 
ny overstrung- Cl JXXLTEL : WaHmOn 
Thames |0952) 243395. 


1973 a S Carrera Touring 1.000 miles, 
on rebuilt engine and body, aa new. 

od e rlgr /interior. fMUiU. sun 
roof. 1 year tax. £22.500. 
Bttgrmv Sguore. 6WI OX 245 1999 

ECMIBS Bounce- grand ptano. an 
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mbuMCflL 7M 10857) 840346 

MAMMA La Alcaraba Super tuxuh- 
M 3 U a d i u o m apartment, every 
ctmceivabie taemty in complex- Private 
ante with large savins- Fixed price 
C 120.000. PIMM eve and w/a 041 639 

4463. day 041 63x 1666 

S TEMWAY reirwad. 5 #1 XO ha grand 
piano for sole. Approx 60 yam ok). 
C4SOO. Tel: OX- 468 3033 

(MAS naUHT Y Ten ton a en pare 
SHh CMMuere Raps. VSdue £900. Ex- 
cept £760. Ttt ; 0734-424420. 

WMDSMP. Lave or Marriage. All apes, 
arm. DstcBwe. DepXtQX» aSAbtnedon 
Road. Louden W& Tab 01-938 toil. 



Semen. 01-439 1499. 


a. A usuaUa ■*- 

rent a vtoeo/TV try 
h Toga TV. 01-730 

B AR. Hwpy BtrthOxy iMtny .. 
e you non thna a banana. Kbs 

wefl (Jack) 14th December 1893 - 
14th December 1960. Rcaoentberad 
with much love and respect tv Netla 
and Ids tamfly. 

LANDAU - Frederick Anthony. 13th 
December 1949 - 6lh May 1974. Re- 
inenlxnd today and every day with 
love and vatttude. 

Can. Starlight Exp. Owe. Le* Mu AB 
theatre and mtlxTiL 821-6616/898- 
M96AD / Visa / Diners. 

UUB p.p. Xm»i d*L gp. CXearwaMr 
Produrti itl East Hcndted. cewn OX)2 
8LN (0236) 835798/732/082 anyttma. 

THE PIANO WORKSHOP Free cnxia over 

1 year tO<% APR) on the best mirctttm of 
news restored piaroa Low luureel over 

2 yrs a 3 yrs. wnuen quotations. Free 
C at alogu e 30a Hbhgali Rd. NWS. OX- 
267 767). 

prices and under, also available 100 's 
extra. Large room Nee remnants under 
half normal price. Omneery C oipe t a OX 
406 0453. 

MERIT All Ranch Mink coal, fat) tengm. 
male skins. Fit petite b’ 2 In. insurance 
vatuaUon £3.400. Unwanted gut - of- 
fers. Tel. 0474 324672. 

AUSTRALIAN Art Wanted by private 
buyer, paintings tv leading Australian 
arttats. eg Rees. Wtiueicy. WUHamo. 
Herman me Tck 073081 6257. 

f ANTED Large Vic wardrobm. 

JEWELLERY. Gold. Sflver. Dhnoods ur- 
genUy wnud. Top prices, wnuam. 43 
Lambs Gondutt Si WO. 01 406 8638. 

WANTED Edwardian. Victorian and all 
painted furniture. Mr amm Ol 947 
6946. 667-609 Gamut Lane. Earisfleld. 


*1fmH17imt COOK for onaB Englisb- 
slabed hotel in French SU Resort Tel: 
OI 731 7989 


CfttSWICK LmcBrioue mansion naL All 
bCtNa Carage. lO min t TtXw. O/R. 
Prof M/F. N/S. £55 pw end. Tet Ol 
994 6126 teves/wtsids). 

quality property ta M Ml u about U. 
We offer a professional & retlalrte 
tmlR Quraf^tn OonstanUBr O) 244 

WS - 2 mitts oxford S». DeUghUid ige 1 
Bed balcony flat otooUng mid™ 
sauarc CH. taliy furu- £160 pw. TeiX)l 
936 3393. 

fu/boise: up lo £800pw. Usual fees 
ivq. Phillips Kay A Lewis. South of me 
Park. Chelsea office. 01-362 Bill or 
North of Uw Park- Rraanx* pane office. 
01-586 9882. 

CHELSEA KnHMShrMge. Bdpw h. P*m- 
beo. wesutunsler. Luxury houses and 
flats avauaur for long or abort lets. 
Please ring tor current BSL Cootes. 69 

Burktndtuun Palaco Ra. SWX. 01-828 

oudiuy property to lei ku^u about h! 
We offer a proieasfemal A reUahle 
service. QuraUM Comtauine 01 244 

NW4. Nr Goidcrs Green. Sunny, quiet 2 
bedroom nwriaooctlr. near tube. CH. gar- 
den. parting. TV. £128 pw negotiable. 
Tel Ol 202 4944 or 226 068a 

PR rt l f lO tE KILL Nicely docoraied lux 
naL 1 bedroom. Short or long let- Refer- 
ences £125 pw. Tel Ol 686 6376 nine 

WEMMJMBp Porchcstor Saturn 
London W2. 3 bedroom luxury fbu. 
£600 PW neg 01-769 029a 01-767 

937 968S The manner to remember 
when Peeking bet renal properti e s tn 
centred and prime randan areas 

ST JOHNS WOOD audio nmden fUL men 
plan sttttng roocn/idtchen/dttmlna 
area/bedroom. Paco, ratty rumbaed, 
central heating. £1 1 1 per week Tel: 01 
624 4022 

MI KARROO*. Groan i/c serviced studio 
naL OHG. Q/H. restdenttaSSj^ 
£400 pem Tel 01-684 8646 

CHRISTMAS LET) Lux Oat Htghgatr over 
looking heath. S bednns. 2 battmra. 
avail rrtun iSUi Dec to late January. 
£275 per week. 541 4263. 

WAPPHte overioofes Ta&srro Dock, new 
designer ranushed 2 bed naL Q9F. Coni- 
Sony let £130 pw. 785-9011/947 0586 

EARLS COURT SWS 3 bedroom lux flat 
£550 pw neg 01-769 8290. 01-767 

SWS off Kings Rd. Lovely small 3rd fir 1 
bed fum flat, ratty (Wee. 6 mlh min. 
£1 2S pw. Tel: 0866 52147 A 332 6496 


NOTICE » hereby given tuntuiu lo s27 
of in*- TRUSTEE ACL 1925 that any per- 
-s oo having a claim mint or an 
INTEREST In Ihr ESTATE of any of the 
deceased person^ whose names, address- 
es and descriptions are set cad mow a 
hereby required to send particulars In 
writing of his claim or Interest lo the per- 
son trr persons mentioned tn relation lo the 
deceased person concerned before the dale 
specif ted: after wtuch dale the estate of the 
deceased win be dtstrOMUeo by the person- 
al repnsenuuvee among the p erso n s 
entitled thereto navtng regard only K> the 
claims and tnteresto of which they have 
had notice. 

■T H ' .T rTTF 

'Lusty, though we are loathsome to love. 

Keen sighted, though we hate to look upon ourselves. 
The name of the disease, spiritually speaking, is Humiliation.' 
- John Updike 


Send donations to: 

The Prince of Wales's Hospital 
London N15 4AW. 

If more people left money to us then perhaps 
fewer people would have to leave money to 
charities that deal with afeohofisnv drug abuse 
and cruelty to children and animals. 

You don't have to be about 
to kill yourself to ring The 

People will call long before 
they resit that point Before, 
perhaps, they turn to drink. 

drugsor vent their frustrations. 

Ple ase caM Slough (0753) 
3270 or write toe David Evans, 
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Road, Sfc'gh SU 1SN far 
further d e ta il. 

The Samaritans, 

Hooligan or Stereotype? 

Football violence, old lades being mugged, cars 
written off, homes ransacked - is this your view 
of crimes committed by teenagers today? 

But most crime is more mundane: around 90% 
of teenage crime is non-violent and 50% is 
petty thefL 

Fbr most young 'criminals* committal to courts 
and prison is no answer. Up to 85% re-offend: 
they become trapped in a criminal career. 

Since 1976 Rainer has pioneered vital 'last 
chance' alternatives to Care and prison for 
nearly % rrriKon teenagers. Rainers’ small-scale 
community-based projects focus on specific 
individual needs helping to build self-esteem 
and responsibiifty. They successfully divert 
young people from crime. 

But we need your committed support. Please 
send your donation, or for more information to 
Chris Naylor. RAINER FOUNDATION. 232 
Tooley Street, London SE1 2JX (01-403 
4434). And help the teenager behind the 

WAITE Joyce OUvsGtenvlf)* of Cue Cot- 
tage. Woodway. Loosley Row. 
Buckinghamshire and 44 Hamilton Road. 
High Wycombe. Buckinghamshire dtfd an 
3oth May. 1985 parnetdan to Wllry A 
Powm soUclions) of aw OH Stv. diutch 

StrecL mnen tUstnrounh. Aylesbury 
Burts HP 17 9AA before 16th February 


J * wheat- 

let, £ OQ of 52 Cmfora Broadway, 
Lantoo. SE8 4PH before 12th FeSriary 

JOHNSTON Lady Nauma of 32 RlnpAan 
House South. Eiuusmore Cantons. Lon- 
don SW7. dtod on 26th August 1984 
■Particulars to Drnore 6 Aitto* SuUdtons) 
,of Sallsoury House. London wall. London. 
EC2M GPS liter 02/46) before 16th Feb- 
ruary 1987. 

w ARMAN Harold of 15 Telford Terraco. 
Qrosvenor Road. London SWI died on 8lh 
November 1985 Particulars to Dmcra et 
AIBre fRef: 02/451 Sottotonat Of Salta 
bury House. London WaB. London. ECZM 
EPS. before 16th February 1987. 

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of raping 

girl, 8 

Continued from page 1 

The prosecution alleged 
that the girl was asleep in a 
room when the doctor came 
in, pulled back the duvet and 
raped her. 

The doctor then allegedly 
threatened the girl with one of 
two guns he kept in his 
bedroom in order to keep her 
quiet, the prosecution had 

The Queen’s swan back at Slimbridge 

The office of the DPP would 
not comment on the verdict or 
die case. 

Mr Lewis added: “AH the 
doctor wishes to do now is to 
go back to work at his job as a 
consultant anaesthetist. His 
life from now on must be 
difficult because of the enor- 
mous publicity contained in 
the daily newspapers." 

A spokesman for The Sun 
said Last night that despite the 
verdict, the judge's order that 
prosecution costs should be 
met from central funds was 
the “clearest possible 
indication" that the news- 

the utmost concern that an 
eight-year-old girl has been 
sexually abused and tbe guilty 
party, whoever be is, has not 
been brought to justice," he 
said. “The Sun offers its 
deepest sympathy to the child 
and her mother who have 
shown great courage in the 
face of an agonizing ordeaL" 

Mr Geoffrey Dickens. 
Conservative MP for 
Liltleborough and 

Saddleworth. who earlier this 
year named the doctor in a 
House of Commons question, 
said last night: “I feel what 1 
did was right 

“There are special elements 
here. A doctor is a person of 
supreme trust I though it was 
right that this case should 
come to trial to be tested. It is 
very important for a child to 
be heard 

“One acquiesces with the 
findings of the jury." 

Mr Dickens also named in 
the Commons a vicar from 
Humberside, tbe Rev Jan 
Knos, who was charged with 
28 offences concerning chil- 
dren. Mr Knos died in prison 
Case background, page 3 

' Letter from Bmssels 

Queueing at the 
EEC crossroads 

At Brussels airport the BeriaymonL 

visitor is greeted by a lar^ J£ e Counci | 0 f Ministers at 
sign saying Ute Charlemagne building. 

Belgium - the Nal0 noi to mention the 
Europe." Some JJassive ^flu* of «?ulu-na- 

ticians and EEC officials . ---.names who want 

ticians and to- 
would now like to go further 
and have Brussels declare? 
“the Capital of Europe,, 
rather as Washington DC is 
the capital of a Federation in 

tional companies who want 
l0 be on the spot where 
European economic and 
political decisions are made, 
{he Bruxelloises themselves 
naturally regard Brussels first 

the United States. . r ore ' mos t as the capital of 

After all theaigument runs jMIt 

(put forward by, among oth- Over one in four Brussels 

^MrJosChabert,aBelgun a foreigner, and 

senator), we are moving to- « 

By Kenneth Gosling 

The Queen's own special 
Bewick's swan, called Corona- 
tion. arrived back at tbe 
Wildfowl Trust, Slimbridge. 
Gloucestershire, this week - 
the ninth year she has Do»o 
the 1300 miles from Arctic 
breeding grounds to Swan 

Tbe Queen is a subscriber to 
Slimbridge's swan support 
scheme and “adopted" 
Coronation in silver jubilee 
year, 1977. 

But there is concern about 
the non-appearance of another 
Bewick's swan who is at least 
26 years old and has never 
missed a year. 

1 “We hope he is safe on the 
Continent," said Ruth Ben- 
nett, as warden Barry Stewart 
fed grain to the birds, indud- 
ing some of the 90 Bewick's 
swans, who have arrived at the 

Photograph: Harry Kerr 

US tries to reassure allies 

Cootiuoed from page 1 

The communique said Nato 
supported Washington's sea- 
rch for “balanced, equitable 
and effectively verifiable arms 
control agreements". These 
included a 50 per cent reduc- 
tion in American and Soviet 
strategic forces and the “envis- 
aged elimination" of inter- 
mediate range forces (INF) in 
Europe, provided there were 
“follow on negotiations" over 
the threat posed by Soviet 
shorter range missiles. 

Nato also strongly sup- 
ported the American view on 
space weapons. “Moscow 
(mows Reagan’s last two years 
in office must not be wasted," 
one senior official said. The 
communique described Reyk- 
javik as a milestone and 
endorsed American deter- 
mination to negotiate agree- 

ments on the basis of the 
Iceland summit. 

Mr Shultz admitted there 
were “different views" in 
Nato on Mr Reagan's 10-year 
missile abolition programme. 
Lord Carrington, the Nato 
Secretary-General, said there 
were “some anxieties about 
it” and Nato was focusing 
instead on the most immedi- 
ately realizable objectives. Mr 
Shultz emphasized the need 
for an “insurance policy", 
implying America would al- 
ways want to keep a small 
ballistic missile force in re- 
serve in case of Soviet cheat- 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, tbe 
Foreign Secretary, said Mr 
Shultz had convinced tbe 
allies America was only pass- 
ing through a period of turbu- 
lence over the Iran scandal 

and was dealing with it 

Tbe communique endorsed 
Thursday's Brussels declara- 
tion on preparations in Vien- 
na for new conventional arms 
talks with the Warsaw Pact. 
Ministers said post-Reykjavik 
moves toward nuclear disar- 
mament had made a reduc- 
tion in the Warsaw Pad's 
conventional advantage all 
the more vital 

Mr Shultz later went to the 
EEC Commission for talks 
with M Jacques Defers, the 
EEC Commission President. 

The United States has set a 
deadline of December 31 for 
settlement of its complaint 
that EEC enlargement has 
badly hit American food ex- 
ports to Spain, and is threaten- 
ing to retaliate against Eur- 
opean exports. 

‘£60 m’ 
to refine 

Continued from page l 
and last March. They found 
the cause of some 238 could 
not be established. 

• With profits of £54 million 
last year British Nuclear Fuels 
would appear to be a natural 
candidate for the Govern- 
ment's privatization pro- 
gramme (David Young 

However, the Government 
is aware that environmental 
political and now safety-re- 
lated issues have left it with a 
large company which, at 
present, would be praticaQy 
impossible to sell to the 

wards a untied Europe, and 
Brussels is already the home 
of the EEC and Nato.. More- 
over, Brussels symbolizes (m 
theory) multinational tar- 
rnonv as the capital of both 
FlanSers and Walloma, die 

Flemish and French-speaking 
regions of Belgium. 

As we approach the distant 
goal of a true Common 
Market by 1992 and national 
frontiers dissolve {terrorism 
and drug trafficking permit- 
ting). Brussels is supposed to 
symbolize the concept of a 
European nation, along with 
other symbols such as the 
new European passport and 
the new European flag. 

One year after arriving in 
Brussels from Moscow, how- 
ever, with frequent travel 
through Brussels airport to 
London, Strasbourg (where 
the European Parliament 
sits). The Hague and other 
EEC centres. 1 can report that 
the gap between European 
rhetoric and reality remains 

There can be few more 
irritating experiences, for 
exa-T.pte, ihan to join the 
often lone passport queues at 
Brussels airport and find that 
despite die high-flown itaeory 
there is no separate queue for 
EEC citizens. Heathrow, by 
contrast, is a model Euro- 
conscious airport, with a 
well-displayed EEC channel 

Brussels residents have to 
spend long hours queueing at 
their local town hall (or 
commune) in order to gain — 
and then periodically renew 
- residents' permits for 
themselves and their fam- 
ilies. As at the airport, no 
distinction is made between 
EEC citizens and non-Euro- 
pean immigrants. 

In other words, despite the 

some put ii higher at one in 

three. Veithe Eurocrais have 

not taken over the city, and 
the burghers of Brussels go 
about iheir daily lives m 
shops and cafes untouched by 
dreams at the Berlaymont of 
Washingion-styie grandeur. 

The problem for the city 
fathers is how to keep tilings 
this way as the proportion of 
foreigners rises 10 one-third 
or more, and as both power 
and institutions gravitate to- 
wards Brussels. 

Alreadv the European Par- i 
liament "at Strasbourg in 
France has voted funds for 
the building of a new par- 
liamentary chamber in Brus- 
sels. where the Parliament 
already has its palatial 
committee rooms, thus sug- 
gesling that the Euro MPs, 
like international business- 
men, want to be at tbe centre 
of events. Several Brussels 
communes are competing to 
supply the ate for yet another 
ultra-modern Euro building 
to add to the Brussels skyline. 

This would at least reduce 
the practical difficulties — 
and extravagance - involved 
in periodically transporting 
Euro-MPs, their staff and 
lorry -loads of documents 
from Brussels to Strasbourg, 
often with a stop mid-way in 
Luxembourg, where the Par- 
liament has its Secretariat It 
would also make life easier 
for Euro-MPs, some of whom 
complain that French im- 
migration officials insist on 
stamping their passports on 
arrival at Strasbourg Airport, 
an act which is technically 
contrary to EEC (aw, which is 
intended to do away with 
such time-consuming formal- 

Richard Owen 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17.228 J Today’s events 

v hinoo to Puzzle f* 1 * ’ 

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the new publication. The Times Concise Allas of the 

World, will be given for the first five correct solutions opened each 
Thursday. Entries should be addressed to: The Times, Saturday 
Crossword Competition. PO Box 486. Virginia Street, London El 
9DD. The winners and solutions will be published next Saturday. 

The winners of last Saturday's competition are: Mrs J Allen, 
Polbain, Achat ibuie. Rass-shire; M R Beauchamp, South 
Avenue, Sherborne, Dorset: Mrs M B Boucher, Queen Street, 
Castletown, Isle of Man. 

Address — . 


1 Give warning of harbour 
limit (7). 

5 What an alarming blood 
count! (7). 

9 Pair take in champion horse 

10 Deliverance of the army so 
valiant and free (9). 

11 Concentration of high tars? 

12 Male voice, noiseless in 
Stoke Poges (5). 

13 Members' divisions brought 
up at party meetings (5). 

15 Corinthian letter-opener (9). 

38 Religious stale doing less 
reconstruction (9). 

19 Tendency of old penny to 
chink (5). * 

21 Topping stuff for severe 
cola symptoms (5). 

23 Sage round a ham - with 
Irish stew? (9). 

25 The Camptown tower has a 
knocker (9). 

26 Eccentric cheer-leader at 
head of column (5>. 

27 Balance to settle around the 
fourth of January (7). 

28 Cape bird is trapped in res- 
ervoir (7). 


1 Some cheering at this ad- ; 
dress? (3-4). 

2 Split about how French I 
counsel should appear (9). ! 

3 Wrong source of 

. Shakespearean comedy (5). 

4 Pique and complaint about 
heartless pal (9). 

5 Attractive girl easily caught 
in the field (5). 

6 Policy of keeping people iso- 
lated, hide being different 

7 A charge after a Reach wed- 
ding (5). 

8 Course for those wishing to 
take the chair, say (7). 

14 Some protection in Rugby 
Union, dashing all over the 
place (4-5). 

16 Son of ropy dish, set before ; 
crowned head, makes him 
so uneasy (9). 

17 Trim scaphoid (9). 

18 Youth leader accepts pound 
in foreign money (7). 

20 Plot may do this to dot (7). 

22 Stress of 23 in strict us- 
age (5). 

23 Unit of length settled by sol- 
diers (5). ■ 

24 Stands tortures (5). 

Concise Crossword page 13 


The Duchess of Gloucester, 
President of the National 
Children’s Home, attends a 
; concert at the Fairfield Halls, 
Croydon, 12 5. 

New exhibitions 

Nan Hoover, Kettle's Yard 
Gallery, Castle St, Cambridge. 

Danish paintings and sculp- 
ture; Ferens Art Gallery, Queen 
Victoria Square, Hall- 

Con temporary woodcuts; 
Museum and Art Gallery, 
Forcgate Si, Worcester. 

University of East Anglia 
Collection of abstract art and 
design. Art Gallery, Civic 
Centre, So uth ampton- 

On The Air — wireless; Indus- 
trial Museum, Derby. 

Paul Craven; The Regent 
Centre, High St, Christchurch, 

Last chance to see 

Doncaster Art Dub; Central 
Library Foyer, Doncaster. 

Tieko Mori, Dolores Mont- 
ijano, Charles Gautier, The 
Great Bam Gallery. ParkJands 
Gt, Unford, Milton Keynes. 

John Bratbyt Cleveland Gal-' 
lery, 8 Cleveland Place East, 

Christmas musk 

Handel's Messiah-, Shel- 
donian Theatre, Oxford. 7. 

John Bate Choir; Queen Char- 
lotte- Hall, Parkshot, Richmond. 
8 . 

Chiltern Choir, St Andrew’s 
Church, Quickley Lane, Cfaor- 
leywood, Herts. 730. 

Waynflete Singers; Win- 
chester CathedraL 7.30. 

St Mary’s Church, H a dl m g h, 
Suffolk. 5. 

Ex Cathedra; Alcester Parish 
Church, Alcester, Warwick- 
shire. 730. 

De Montfort Hall, Granville 
Rd. Leicester. 730. 

Walesby Old Church, Wale- 
shy, Market Rasen, Linc- 
olnshire. 7 . 

The Nave, Coventry Cathe- 
dral. 7.30. 

Birmingham Festival Choral 
Society; St George's Church, 
Westbourne Crescent, Edgb- 
aston. 6. 

National Sinfonia with the 
New English Chorale and Mi- 
chael Overbury (organ); St 
Mary's Parish Church, Melton 

Ripon Choral Society; Caibe- 
1 dial Ripon. 7. 

Harrogate Choral Society; St 
Wilfrid's Church, Harrogate. 


Mendelssohn's Elijah; Arm- 
id Cathedral, Sussex. 7. 

Birmingham Bach Society; 
Birmingham CathedraL 730. 

Leicester University Orches- 
tral and Choral Societies; 
Church of St Janies the Greater, 
London Rd, Leicester. 7.30. 

Handel's Messiah by Bristol 
Choral Society; Colston Hall, 
Bristol. 730. 

Bournemouth Sinfonietta; 
Colfox School Bridport 7.30. 

Handers Messiah by the 
HaBc. Orchestra and the Shef- 
field Philharmonic Chorus; 
Sheffield City Hall, Sheffield. 7. 

Cathedral Choristers; Cathe- 
dral Canterbury. 7.30. 

Scottish National Orchestra; 
City Hall'Gbnvw. 7.30. 


Dancing In Hie Streets; Haym- 
arket, Eldon Sq, Monument, 
Green Market, Playhouse, New- 
castle upon True. 1030- 
I RSPB Christinas Open Day; 

1 Leighton Moss, Saventale, Lan- 

Tomorrow’s events 

Royal engagements 

Princess Margaret attends a 
gala at Sadler's W = » a Theatre in 
aid of the National Council for 
One Parent Families and Martin 
House Children's Hospice, 6.30. 
Last chance to see 
Portrait work by British phot- 
ographers 1935-1985, Mappio 
Art Gallery, Weston Park, 


Berlioz: L'En&nce du Christ; 
Snape Mai tings Conceit Hall, 
AMcbargh, Suffolk. 3. 

Informal children's concert 
with Richard McNicoL Free 
Trade HalL Manchester. 730. 

Carole Bexhill Choral Soci- 
ety, De La Warr Pavilion, , 
BextuH-on-Sea, Sussex. 3. 

Mozart Orchestra and Choir; 
Clarendon Suite, Edgbaston, 
Birmingham, 7.45 

Gainsborough Model Rail- j 
way Society: Layout based on ' 
ex-LNCP r...> rf..: . m 3 in |in- 
from Kin. j 1 ! ij Lctxi. 
Florence T<^n,ce, orl Trinity Si, 
Gainsborough. Lines. 1.30-6.30. 

Celebrity Book Fair: Britan- : 
nia Howl, Portland St, Man- 1 
Chester. 12.30-530. 

Anni versa: its 


Births: Heinrich Heine, poet ! 
and journalist, DusseldorC i 

Deaths: Donatello, sculptor, 
Florence, 1466; Samuel John- i 
son. London, 1784; Wassily | 
Kandinsky, abstract painter, 
Neuilly-sur-Seine, 1944. 

Births: James Brace, explorer, 
Kinnaird, 1730. 

Deaths; Carl Philipp Emanuel 
Bach, Hamburg, 1788; George ; 
Washington, first president of I 
the U S A 1789-96, Mount j 
Vernon, Virginia, 1799; Albert, 
prince consort of Queen Vic- 
toria, Windsor, 1861; Stanley 
Baldwin, 1st earl Baldwin of 
Bewdley, prune minister 1923- 
24, 1924-29, 1935-37, Asiley 
HalL Worcestershire, 194 7; 
Jnho Knsti PaasikWi, president 
oF Finland 1946-56, Helsinki. 
1956; Sr Stanley Spencer, 
painter, Cliveden, Berks. I9S9. 

The pound 


London and South-east Tottenham 
High Road: Lane resincoons near 
West Green Roaa. AiQS: Smgie bne 
Doth drrecnons. wood Green. Olym- 
pus: iraemanonal Horse Snow, delays 
likely m Eirts Court. 

The Midlands: M& Contraflow at 

K ‘ ictions 5 and 6 (Droitwich and 
orraster North). M5Q: Contraflow 
east of junction 4 (Ross-on-Wye). A1: 
Contraflow north of Newark at 

The North: M18: Contraflow delays 
between junctions 1 and 2 {Rotherham 
and AIM). M51: Roadworks north- 
bound between junctions 3 and S 
(Bolton) JL1: Delays Wetherby bypass. 

Wales and fee West: M4: Lana 
restrictions between junctions 34 and 
35 (Uantrisant and Bridgend). A31: 
Delays between Rmgwood and 
Wimbome due to buScing ol Femdown 
bypass. A55e Delays between Llan- 
dudno Junction and Qan Conwy 

Scotland: 118: Lane closures and 
efiversnns. A74: Lane closure south- 
bound near Harthope vtaducL A94: 
Delays south of Stonehaven due to 

n /, 

/ urcATuco \A deep depression will be stow moving in tbe Nortfr At- 

v WEATHcJj /[antic. The SE half of England may start with rain, bat if 

will dear, then a lot of bright or sonny weather over England and Wales, be: 
showers ail] affect many western and northern areas, with a few running across i 
the easL Scotland and 'Northern Ireland will have a windy and cold day, wnb 
showers, which will fall as sleet or snow, and may merge to give longer spells of 
showery rain or snow. Althoogfa temperatures will be not too far from normal, the 
strong winds will keep the weather feeling cold. Outlook for tomorrow and Mon- 
day: Dry and bright start tomorrow, bat rain will spread across most areas later in 
tiie day. Unsettled with rain on Monday, becoming clearer later. 

TODAY Suo iIm*: 

7SB«m 3.52 pra 

Moooaaa: Mooaitoac 
5.14 am 1-53 pm 
FuBmoonDotomhar 16 


7.59 am 


Sun Ntr ' jz 

3^2 pm 

Moon sets: Moon rises: 
523 am 2.15 pm 
Ftd moon Dacamber 16 

Yugoslavia Dm 821 720 

Rates for gmel danoml naU on bank nows 
only as supptod by Sarcfcya Baffle PIC. 
Dinerent rates apply to travellers' 
iwgn currency 

Dinerent rates apply to travellers' 
ChaquBS tmd other kxwgn currency 

Retail Price Index: 3ttL4 

London: The FDndex closed down U at 

Our address 

Infornudon tor indi 
Tims IgfomMJoa « 
sent lo: Tiw Editor. T1 

Infornudon tor Induston In .The 
Tlnwa ^formation aervK » smuld be 
seni io: The Editor. TTK. The Times. 
pO.|tt^7. I Vlrginw Street, London. 

<: .'fit >' imp tl.K 

neck. repent below the 
week's Portfolio price changes 
(today's are on page 25). 

_1_ +5 +6 +5 +3_ 

_2 +2 +6 +B +2+3 

3 +3 +3 +5 +5+4 

4 +4 +a -t- 3 * 5 +4 


6 +5 +2 +5 +3 -t-5 


8 +6+4+6 +0+5 

9 +2 +6 +7 +3 +2 


It +6 +3 +5 +2 +5 

12 +4 +5 +7 +4 +3 

13+4+3+4 +2 +2 

"7a +& +3 _+6 _+? +4 

15 + j +5 +6 +2 +5 

"v6 ~+3 ■»? +5 +3 +3 

17 +3 +6 +7 +2 +2 

18 +3 +-fl +5 +3 +3 

+3 _+5 _+4 jM +2 

2° +3 +5 +5 +1 +4 ~~ 

21 ^ +3 

22 +5 +2 +4 +5 +2 

22 +4 +5 +7 +1 +4 ' 

24 +3 +4 +5 +2 +1 
g t? 44 +3 +4 


27+4+4 +7+5 +3 

26 +5 +6 +5 +1 +5 

^ +2 +3 +5 +4 +3 

30 +7 +4 +4 +3+2 

31 +3 +6 +5 +2+3 

32 +5 +5 +4+3+5 

^+7 +4 44 +3+3 

34 +5 +6 +5 +3 +2 

35 +5 +5 +5 +1 +2 

38 +3 +4 +5+3 +4 

87 +3 jj +4 +4+4 

38+3+7+4 +2 +2 

]ffl+5jl6+5+4+4 > 

40+5 +4 +4 +5 +2 

IT +3 +4 +8 +3 +1 

42 +2 +7 +5 +1 +3 

43 +5 +3 +5 +4 +2 . 



TOCfiY ■ 

U**aar ! 77 om to 7 23 an 
b-«-c - a" -or# 1 *"* 

- ' • - i jft am 

i i^noon «n it> • r am 
I KOI * »t> ' O’ Wl 

! • -fn— -- .«• - 108 am 

- ! ■ - O 7 “9- urn 
•C « .. 7 <u gm 

; . 'ZhZAr 

, I ell mt0day yestbrQay + 

■ oouo. i. roe; r, nun; s, sun. 

C F C F 

Baton! c 646 Guernsey s S48 

B'rroghaw s 541 Inverness t 541 

Blackpool s 439 Jersey s 946 

Brisvi r 648 London e 948 

Cardiff t 846 (Tncftstcr f 337 

EdM»#! f 541 Newcastle s 337 

Glasgow I 643 R'nUsway f 848 





Low esto ft 


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Sun Rain 








45 rain 




45 rton 




48 rain 



48 rein 




48 cloudy 



48 re* 



48 ran 



50 rein 



48 ram 



50 rain 



50 ram 



50 ram 



50 ram 




50 ram 



48 snower 



50 ram 








a- ■ 





i* 51 W 
1134 3.8 

455 11.6 
9.08 32 

4.40 106 
332 5.0 

056 Ol 
SJJ2 45 
1041 43 

9.45 3.7 

027 4.9 

357 06 

3.45 73 

12.13 5.1 

8.12 8 2 
708 03 

950 4 * 

4JJ7 6.0 

352 6.1 

3.48 03 

037 5.1 

4^7 15 

022 4 A 

9-00 55 

9.05 4_2 

4.13 65 

1.26 49 

031 35 

Txfe b 

11.44 3.8 

£u22 12.0 

654 35 

007 11.1 
3.47 5.0 

958 6.0 

3.17 45 

1158 45 

1016 3.8 

8- 37 5.0 

4.41 65 

457 Ol 

1246 5.1 

9- 28 8-4 

B02 25 

1054 4.4 

457 02 

351 02 

453 35 

251 5.1 

456 15 

950 45 

950 5.4 

95S 4.1 

454 85 

252 49 

1057 35 

to esu red in a 






London Bridg e 12.24 

6.7 12.39 









12 3 



3.3 10^3 














62 10.10 











4.6 1153 
33 1058 

























85 10.10 









4.4 11.09 


NOford Havn 
























Potftaeaaofe . 


4.4 1030 




5.7 10.12 




42 1003 






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WBon-OB-Nxs 10.19 

35 10.49 


; 1m=35808ft. 


03 .66 
-05 -53 

io so rem 

10 50 run 
n 52 ram 

11 52 sunny 
ii 52 ram. 
.11 52 8imny 

55 .83 11 52 sunny 

59 .43 II 52 Sumy 

- .19 10 SO ren 

02 55 II 52 mi 

' 55 II 52 bright 

25 22 10 50 shower 

21 .41 8 46 ran 

35 .57 8 48 sunny 

07 59 9 48 rain 

• Wnafrant ^L. OMd frant [ 






























-rain . 























































ram .. 



























MXMYf&douft iL drizzle l, tain ijj, log; r, rsln; i 





C F 

16 61 Cologne 

18 64 Cpbagn 

19 66 Corfu 
15 59 Dubfin 

, snow; L thunder 

These are Thursday's figures 
■Figures not svaiabie 

1986. Printed hy London Post tPrlnl- 

ml Urmtcd at 1 virginta . Street, 
London El 9XN and by N«w» 
ScoUand Lwu 124 Fortran Street. 
Kin pine Perk. Otasgow rai 1EJ. 
Saturday. Decorabar li 11986; 
BpjMs'ed as a newspaper at fee Post. 

AmsTda fg 5 41 Dubramt f 12 

Man c 12 54 Faro s 16 

Bahrain s 19 66 Ftort g ico s 11 

BarbadV Fr a n kfurt c 3 

Ba r oetoa e B 45 rtncfaal s 18 

Beirut Gown c 5 

Belgrade sn -1 30 {Ubraitar f i§ 

Befit d 0 32 HataMd an -i 

Benuiida* f 26 79 Hong K s 19 

Btarritt s 14 67 h ut& i ch s -i 

Borde'x c 7 46 ’ 

BouPno s 7 45 

Bnnsois c 6 43 Jo%ora* f 17 

Bbddpst c 1 34 KmeN 

B Aires* S 25 77 LPaknw s 22 

Cairo 1 19 66 Usbon c 11 

CapeTn s 31 88 Locarno c 4 

CManca' a 18 64 LAnpols* 8 14 

CMeogo' c .-l 30 LuxanAg fg o 

.StoMli c IS 58 Madrid" s 9 


55 Malta 

5< Mexico C* 
61 KaaM* 

® WUn 
37 Montreal* 
47 Mnfefr 
61 Nairobi 



81 Oslo 
6a Farts 

^ ■ iwiwn r 

72 Path 
H Prague 



sn gor«sareiar 

C F 
f 15 59 
S 14 57 
f 16 61 
r IS 59 

I 25 84 
c 1 34 
c -3 27 

a -a 27 

c 032 
f 25 77 
s 13 55 
f 22 72 
e 337 
a 13 55 
c 2 % 

« 6 41 
C 7 45 
£ 31 88 
a 3 36 
a 2 38 

c 15 59 
c 25 77 
a '18 84 

S Frisco* 












C F 

c 032 
c 8 46-- 
c 31 
a 22 n 
a 10 M 
c 2fi 79 
fs -a® 
c 3 37 
f 27 81 
S 17 63 

* 18 K 

B 13 55 
f *2 2? 
f 16 81 

C 12 54 

C 032 
S 643 
c 1 3* 
e 1 34 
r 1 W 




C C r^ Qt the 

'°t>Srr,J e 

- r 


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• -.riS 

■ £“ *£ 

^\ V 



-- ...A; 



■ • . ■ Tt »i- J*. • ;-i “ ■ 
-V \- m v >:- 

,-i V ■ 7 •%■•£• -■>:, 







Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 


FT 30 Share 

1280.4 (-4.3) 

FT-SE 100 
1629.8 (-4.2) 



USM (Data stream) 

129.44 (-0.26) 


US Dollar 
1.4285 (+0.0050) 

W German mark 
2.8813 (+0.0115) 

68.7 (+0.4) 

Hunter in 
£19m deal 
for Foodco 

Hunter Saphir, the food and 
distribution group, is buying 
four food companies from 
S&W BerisfonL, the commod- 
ities and sugar conglomerate, 
in a deal worth up to £19.8 
million. The terms will give 
Berisford a 20 per cent stake 1 

in Hunter. 

The four companies, known 
as Foodco, cover a spectrum of 
food interests from canned 
prod net distribution to spice 

Foodco made operating 
profits of £3 million in the year 
to September on turnover of 
£57 million. Hooter also re-] 
leased its interim results yes- 
terday. These showed a 293 
per cent advance In pretax 
income to £1.54 million on 
sales of £4&8 million. 

Shares deal 

Two inspectors have been 
appointed by Mr Paul 
Channon, Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry, to 
investigate whether an em- 
ployee of British and 
Commonwealth Shipping has 
breached the insider dealing 

The inspectors are Mrs 
Barbara Mills QC and Mr 
Robert Wilkinson, head of the 
Stock Exchange's surveillance 

Tilbury stake 

Raine Industries, the 
housebuilder and commercial 
property developer, is buying 
a 20.3 per cent stake in 
Tilbury, the construction, 
mechanical services and prop- 
erty group, for £8.8 million in 

Takeover plea 

A joint deputation from St 
Helens Council and the 
unions is to meet Mr Paul 
Channon, the Trade and In- 
dustry Secretary, on Monday 
to argue against BTR’s pro- 
posed takeover of Pilkington 

Brewer ahead 

Pretax profits from Greene, 
King & Sons, the Suffolk 
based brewer, pew from £4.4 
million to £5 million in the 26 
weeks to the beginning of 
November 1986. Turnover 
increased by 8 per cent to 
£46.7 million. An interim 
dividend of !.96p was de- 
clared Tempos, page 23 

Listing sought 

MIL Research Group, a 
market research company, is 
seeking a full stock market 
listing through a placing by* 
County Bank of 3.98 million 
shares at 144p. Phillips & 
Drew are brokers to the issue. 

Tempos page 23 

W all Street 22 ^ £ 

Money Mrkts 22 W g 

asT i ass 3 

Cash mountain suggests ABF may launch New Y ear bid IGuinnesS I Inflation 

Flour group to 
raise £148m 



Associated British Foods, 
the Sun West bread to flour 
milling group, is raising £148 
million through an issue of 
new shares. 

The share sale will reduce 
the bolding, of the founding 
Weston family below the 35 
per cent level and end tbe 
group's status as a dosed 

The move will also boost 
ABFs cash mountain to 
nearly £1 billion and leave it 
poised for a substantial take- 
over which, according to City 
sources, is Likely early in the 
new year. 

i The shares were placed in 
the City’s biggest ever “bought 
deal." County Securities, part 
of the National West mins ter 
Bank group, subscribed for the 
whole of the issue after a 
competitive tender involving 
two other leading securities 

County bought the stock at 
3)2p and, with Panmure Gor- 
don, the broker, placed it at 
the same price. 

The price represented a 
discount of about 4 per cent 
on Thursday's average market 

By John Bell, City Editor 

ABFs problems over its 
closed company status have 
become acute because of a 
build-up of investment in- 
come from hs cash resources. 
These were boosted earlier 
this year when ABF sold its 
Fine Fare supermarket chain 
to Dee Corporation for £350 
million in cash and 135 mil- 
lion Dee shares, now worth 
about £2 each. 

The Income and Corpora- 
tion Taxes Act requires dose 
companies to distribute ail 
unearned income to 
shareholders. Failing that the 
Inland Revenue has the power 
to tax shareholders as if the 
income bad been distributed. 

ABF said yesterday that 
heavy taxation of sharehold- 
ers had become likely under 
the dose company provisions, 
at least until tbe cash moun- 
tain had been re-invested in 
new operating subsidiaries. 

The chairman, Mr Gany 
Weston, said: “There was no 
alternative. We just had to 
undose the company. “We 
were becoming vulnerable to 
tax problems and did not want 
them to arise at a time when 
perhaps we were negotiating 

an acquisition.” The issue of 
48.5 million shares — 12.2 per 
cent of the group's existing 
capital — will dilute the Wes- 
ton femily holding below the 
35 per cent dose company 

The same result could have 
been achieved through a sale 
of shares by Wittington 
Investments, the Weston fam- 
ily company which before the 
issue held 71 per cent of the 
equity. “None of the family 
wanted to sell any shares," 
said Mr Weston. “Even if they 
had, there would have been 
substantial capital gains 

The controlling holders 
were also anxious to widen the 
distribution of the shares. 
They were placed yesterday 
with 160 British institutions 
plus some investors in Europe 
and other overseas centres. 

Tbe ABF board believes 
that the bought deal produced 
more favourable terms than 
alternative forms of financing 
such as a rights issue. The 
company said that it remains 
on target to achieve budget 
targets for the current year. 

Comment, page 23 

~ >i 

•••.V. ?+'- 

.. . 7 . «r, 

• *■ ■ 

was not jumps to 
notified 3.5% 

By Lawrence Lever 

The speculation surround- 
ing the investigation by the 
Department of Trade and 

Garry Weston: ‘We had to nodose the company* 

f 164m spent to woo Sid 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

The pursuit of Sid. the 
mythical first-time investor, 
has cost the Government £164 
million. It was hoped that the 
Sid advertising campaign 
would lead to a huge over- 
subscription for British Gas* 

The Department of Energy 
- which saw the offer over- 
subscribed and regards the 
sale as a huge success, al- 
though fewer small investors 
than anticipated applied for 
shares — received a total of 
£5.35 billion for the shares. 

With British Gas due to 
repay £2.4 billion of debt to 
the Government that means 
the Exchequer will receive 
£7.75 billion for the sale. 

The cost of the selloff has 

may face 
US courts 

By Colin Narbrongh 

Cannon, the film-making 
and distribution group, could 
face proceedings under Ameri- 
can bankruptcy law if it foils to 
repay debts incurred through 
its purchase of Screen Enter- 
tainment from Mr Alan Bond, 
tbe Australian entrepreneur. 

Analysts saw no reason for 
Mr Bond pulling tbe plug on 
Cannon, especially as Drexel 
Burnham Lambert the invest- 
ment bank which underwrote 
a large amount of Cannon's 
debts, has just sold a $510 
million (£357 million) deben- 
ture offering for a Bond 

Forcing Cannon into the 
courts’ bands would leave a 
significant gap in the British 
movie business. But its 
accounting practices, which 
have resulted in an inquiry by 
the US regulatory authorities 
and helped push its New 
York-listed shares down, 
leave analysts unclear on the 
value of its assets. 

The $79.6 million owed to a 
number of Mr Bond's com- 
panies has to be repaid by 
Monday. An extension is be- 
ing sought by Cannon 

been calculated by Mr Peter 
Walker, Secretary of State for 
Energy, at 2 per cent of the 
total raised. This compares 
with the 4 per cent, or £152 
million, of the £3.9 billion 
raised through the sale of 
British Telecommunications. 

The largest proportion of 


Advisers £3m 

Pre-flotation marketing £29m 
Flotation marketing 
(printing and advertising) £12m 
Registrar's fees to 
NatWest Bank £20m 

Overseas sales £25m 

Underwriting and 

commissions £75m 

Total £164m 

the £164 million costs, £75 
million, was attributed to 
underwriting the issue and 
paying for market commis- 
sions, with £29 million of this 
being swallowed up by the cost 
of pre-sale market research — 
printing and direct mail shots. 

This means the Post Office, 
as a nationalized industry, 
received a large chunk of the 
revenue. This revenue will be 
included in its accounts and, 
ultimately, could make it look 
a likely candidate for 
privatization; possibly 
depending on the charms of 
Sid’s wife, Doris, to stimulate 
public interest. 

Tbe creation of Sid himself 
cost less than £3 million. 

Morgan Grenfell 
buys US broker 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 
Morgan Grenfell, the mer- directors and senior exec- 

chant banking and securities 
group, yesterday announced 
its long-expected move into 
the US securities market with 
tbe purchase of Cyrus J Law- 

ulives will enter into service 
contracts when the acquisition 
is completed. The broker, 
which has 1,200 corporate 
clients, will continue to op- 

rence, the New York stock- crate under the same name. 

broker, for $70 million (£49 
million) in cash. 

The move is a significant 
advance for Morgan’s am- 

Mr John Holmes, the Mor- bilions to build a worldwide 
gan director mainly respon- securities business. 

for building up 

group’s securities operations, MrHolmes said: “Clearly 
said: “It is never cheap to buy itSTLJKSS 

a New Yoric firm, but we P on ‘PJr 6 US * bul 11 ^ ould 
helieve we have raid a feir have t*®" more expensive to 
j^re^lhough T considerable 

So portion of it was for SCTatch - Monpn has sigmfi- 

JSSSSf 0t 11 ,0r cant corpora 

®°GJL^has a staff of 250. W 
Morgan has 500 securities m ^ ew ^ or * £ - 
siaffin London. In the year to He added t 
September 26 it made £10 be considers I 
million in pretax profits, with expertise be 
assets of £26.4 million. and New Yor 

GTL has small underwriting, - We hont . 

cant corporate finance and 
fund management operations 

He added that there would i 
be considerable exchange of 
expertise between London 
and New York. 

“We hope, for example, to 

“SSSKES il,w- - sell more Uk and E^opeto 

meat tanking interests. to US investors - 

The broker is small in US something we hardly do at all 
terms, bul has a _ respected present," he said. 


— securiliei^Uoence inJapaoand 

Morgan does not expect any is also establishing a presence 
iff changes and several in Singapore and Australia. 

staff changes 


buys new 

Sydney (Renter) — Mr Ro- 
pe ri Murdoch's News Cor- 
poration, which is bidding 
for the Herald and Weekly 
Tunes media group, has 
bought Industrial Equity 
Limited’s 1 per cent stake 

News Corporation, which 
• publishes fonr national 
newspapers in Britain, 
including The Times and The 
Sunday Times , paid 
Ans$22045 million (£101 
million) cash for lEL’s 1837 
million shares, equal to Hs 
proposed offer of Ahs$ 12 a 

Media analysts said that 
the sale of lEL’s stake 
strengthened their earlier 
view that News 
Corporation's bid for 
H & WT was likely to suc- 

IEL, controlled by Mr Ron 
Brieriey, the New Zealand 
entrepreneur, and Mr Robert 
Holmes a Court’s Bell 
Group, were seen as the most 
likely couater-biddeis to 
News Corporation’s pro- 
posed offer. 

EEL has sold out at a profit 
of some A US$100 million 
while Mr Holmes a Coral 
suggested at last week’s 
annual meeting of Bell 
shareholders that he has bis 
eye on News Corporation's 
proposed divestments of 
parts of H & WT and not the 
group, media analysts said. 

Mr Hobnes a Court said 
that be bad been negotiating 
tbe purchase of parts of the 
H & WT group only the day 
before Mr Murdoch unveiled 
his AosSlJS billion bid. 

He added that he did not 
know what Bell would end up 
with from the H & WT take- 
over but assured sharehold- 
ers it would emerge with 

Brieriey companies com- 
prise the largest media group 
in New Zealand and. like Mr 
Holmes a Coon, Mr Brieriey 
has made bo secret of bis 
desire to become a force in 
the Australian media. 

Oil buyers 
look for 
Opec pact 

Buyers on the world oil 
markets are sending the price 
upwards in the hope that 
Opec, now meeting in Ge- 
neva, will decide to trim 
output and move back to a 
fixed price system set at $18 a 

Although many oil traders 
take the view that an agree- 
ment made in haste will be 
broken just as quickly, the 
markets have sent the oil price 
up to almost $16 for the first 
time this year. 

The price for North Sea 
Brent crude for delivery in 
mid-January was quoted yes- 
terday at about $15.85. Some 
cargoes reportedly changed 
hands at higher rates. 

Sheikh Ali Khalifa al Sabah, 
the Kuwait oil minister, yes- 
terday described the meeting 
as a demonstration of the 
“new Opec”. 

He said there was a new 
political will within tbe group. 
“If we make progress on 
pricing, everything else will 
tall in.” 

But this has yet to be 
translated into each country 
accepting new output quotas. 

ified yesterday when Schenley 
Industries admitted (hat It had 
failed to notify a dfedosahle 
stake it built up in Gunmess m 
tbe later stages of its bid for 

It emerged yesterday that 
lawyers acting for SeSenley, 
which (fistributes Dewar’s 
whisky for Guinness in the 
United States, wrote to 
G aimiess on Wednesday, say- 
ing that it had acquired 16.65 
milli on Gtunuess shares — 
5.27 per cent of the company — 
by April 17, the day before the 
Gumuess tod for Distillers was 
declared nncoeditionaL 

On April 18, Schenley said, 
it bought a farther 950,000 

Schenley said that its in- 
terest in Gmnness was reduced 
below 5 per cent after the bid 
and that It now owned 33 per 
cent of the enlarged company. 

Schenley distriboted 
Dewar’s whisky for Distillers 
In the US, and took over the 
distribution for Guinness. 

In addition, it is taking over 
the US distribution of 
Gordon’s Gin — another 
Distillers’ product — for 

Shenley said that Hs foOme 
to disclose that R had more 
than 5 per cent of Gmnness 
was because of ignorance of 
the provisions of the Com- 
panies Act 1985. 

Schenley is a subsidiary of 
the Rapid American Com- 
pany, owned by Mr Meshnlam. 
Mtlfa. A spokesman for Mr 
RikHs said yesterday that he 
did not want to comment. 

Under American law there 
is a requirement to notffy the 
SEC of any stake of more than 
S per cent acquired In a public 

A Guinness spokesman said 
yesterday that tbe company 
had not been aware of any 
disdosable stake held by 
Schenley until tbe letter from 
Scfaenley’s lawyers arrived. 

If Guinness had known of 
the Stake R would be in breech 
of the Takeover Code and its 
listing agreement with the 
Stock Exchange for foiling to 
notify the panel and the 

The Schenley revelation 
also suggests that ft had a big 
bolding of Distillers shares 
which were converted into 
Gmnness shares after the 
successful bid. 

This is because Schenley 
now bolds 33 per cent of the 
enlarged Guinness -about 29 
million Guinness shares. 

This is 1 M million shares 
move than the 17.6 million 
shares It bought and disclosed 

By David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

The rate of inflation jumped 
to 3 J per cent last month - 
the highest since March — 
from 3 per cent in October, 
mainly due to the impact of 
higher mortgage rates. 

Lord Young of Grafiham, 
Secretary of State for Employ- 
ment, said the higher rale of 
inflation was not unexpected 
because of the November rise 
in mortgage rates from 1 1 to 
12^5 per cent This added 0.6 
per cent to the retail price 
index last month. 

Whitehall officials said tbe 
inflation rate was uiH in line 
with the Chancellor’s forecast 
of a 3.25 per cent average for 
the fourth quarter, rising 
slightly to 3.75 per cent in the 
fourth quarter of next year. 

City economists, however, 
expea the rate of inflation to 
move steadily higher in the 
next few months, possibly 
reaching 5 or 6 per cent in the 
second half of next year. 

This was echoed by Mr Ian 
Wrigglesworth, the SDFs 
spokesman on industrial and 
economic affairs. “The retail 
price index increase to 3.S per 
cent marks the start of a rising 
trend,” he said. “Inflation will 
be higher than 4 per cent by 
next spring and top 5 per cent 
by the summer.*’ 

The retail price index rose 
to 391.7 (January 1974 = 100) 
last month, from 388.4 in 
October, a rise of 0.8 per cent 
This was the largest monthly 
increase since April, when the 
index was boosted by the 
effect of the Budget increases 
in excise duties. 

In addition to the mortgage 
rate increase, higher motor 
insurance premiums and in- 
creases in tbe price of many 
durable household goods — 
probably reflecting sterling's 
tall — boosted the index. 

Excluding mortgage rates, 
inflation eased to 3.3 per cent 
Iasi month from 3.4 per cent 
in October. Another inflation 
measure, the tax and price 
index, rose by 12 per cent in 
the 12 months to November, 
from 1.5 per cent in October. 

“The low inflation achieved 
over the last few months is 
having the beneficial effects 
we expected,” Lord Young 
said. “The CBI tells us that 
pay settlements are coming 
down and our figures show 
that unit wage costs are rising 
more slowly than in recent 

December’s inflation rate 
would have to foil if tbe 
Treasury’s 3.25 per cent infla- 
tion forecast for the fourth 
quarter is to be raeL 

Britain's inflation rate of 3.5 
per cent compared with laiesi 
rates of 1.5 per cent in Lhe 
United States, 12 per cem in 
France and 3 per cent for 


Investors encrust their money to Gartmore because . . . 

We are independent. 

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Pension Funds need dedicated 


Dow Jones 1917.74 (- 5 . 91 )' 

NiSS Dow 18830.64 (+39.39) 

HangSencf 24 ^«wVfSn?i 

Commerzbank 2051.1 4—11.8) 

4068.57 (-29.63) 


Zurich SKA Gen - 561 .70 (-1.90) 
Closing pnees Page 25 


London: - 

buying, rate 

us- Prime Bats 7»'» 

•Federal Funds SW ™ 

g-wntti Treasury Bills 5.47-6 a 5% 
3C-year bonds 10l 7 «-1lft^ 



Tomkins FH 

Baggertdge Brick „ 


BBA Group 

Stanley Leisure — 
Bristol Even Post _ 

Gus *A‘ 

Execute* Clothes - 

Ocean wason 

Barrow Hepburn _ 

Merrydown . — 

267p (+7p) 

480p (+10p 

— 189p (+12pj 
__ 745p C+20pl 

— 1023p (+13p) 

~170p (+7pj 

— 585p (4-10p) 

_ 1110p(+10p) 

UK factory hits 95 cars per day target 

Nissan in top gear 



Mercury im 

AB Foods — 


Glaxo — — 


Prices we a* at 4pm 



London: _ 

£ S1.-2S3 
E: DM2.88 1 3 
£; SwFr2.4213 
E- rrrS.^ 1 
£; lndex:6c.7 

New Vortu 
$: Ef .4280” 

’ S: DM2.0lCfi\ 

S: SwFr 1.6905 
S: YenT62.80* 

London Fixing: 



150 (£273.00' 


By Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

The Government-backed 
Nissan car factory at Wash- 
ington, Tyne and Wear, has 
reached its output target of 95 
cars a day— two years after the 
ground was broken on the 
greenfield she. 

This was unprecedented in 
Britain and had occurred, tbe 
company said yesterday, in “a 
notoriously depressed area 
never previously engaged in 
the motor industry.” 

Nissan said that the build- 
rate would be creditable even 
for an established manufac- 

Employment at Wash- 
ington was also on course, 
with the 470 employees re- 
quired for the first phase of the 
project now on the payroll 
They were “almost 100 per 
cent' British and to a larg£ 
extent locally recruited,” a 
spokesman said. 

The company, whose plans 


il mmm® 

Nissan’s new Bluebird outside the Washington factory 
are being scrutinized by the While the cars are at present 

Department of Trade and being built from imported 
Industry and the established Japanese-made kiis, tbe n urn- 
motor companies, said that its ber of British component 
initial plan for 40 per cem suppliers involved in the 
European content of the project has risen from 27 -the 
Washington-built Bluebird figure announced when the 
cars had been increased and Prime Minister opened the 
was likely to reach 50 per cent factory in September — to 58, 
within the first year of with a further nine Conti- 
production- mental suppliers. 


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London EC3 A 8BR 







Prices drop amid fears 
about Opec intentions 

. New York (ReHter) — Share 
prices fell in tandem with the 
bond market amid fears that 
Opec would be able to en- 
gineer production cuts to lift 
the price of oiL 

This, in turn, created some 
concern about inflation despite 
yesterday's report of a slim 0.2 
per cent rise in the November 
producer prices, traders said. 

Ofl shares, however, were 
boosted, although early enthu- 
siasm waned when ft was 
reported that the Saadis have 
not offered a art in oB output. 

Exxon rose V 4 *» 70 J /« and 
Mobil 5 /a to 397s. 

- jBlne chips continued to 
ontperform the broader mar- 

ket in moderately active early 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average fid! a fraction to L923. 
Declines led advances six to 
five on a volume of 29 miflioa 

Among the early g&iners 
was British Gas which was 19 

Walt Disney rose 1 point to 
46%. Union Carbide led the 
actives with a gain of % to 
22%. Sears feQ V* to 61%. 

The New York Stock Ex- 
change composite index stood 
at 1411.96, down 046. Stan- 
dard & Poor's ZOO index was 
0.01 up, to 236.19. 

Ok DK 
11 10 

Ok Ok 
11 10 

POST: Interim dividend lip 
(9p). Figures in £000 for six 
months to September 30. Thiee- 
for-one scrip issue proposed. 
Turnover 23,273 (21,648), pre- 
tax profit 2211 (1,907), lax 813 
(799), profit after tax 1,398 
(1.108). Earnings per share 
2i5p (IS- 3). The board, while 
expressing caution about any 
forecast for the full year, said 
that existing signs on profitabil- 
ity remained enco urging. 

PROCESSING: Final dividend 
l.7Sp compared with forecast 
1.6p. Figures in £000 for year to 
September 30. Turnover 9,121 
(4, 91 OX pretax profit 984 (604), 
tax 330 (267), earnings per 
share, weighted average 8-63p 
(6.84). The figures include six 
months from Business Com- 
puter Systems. The board says 
that the current financial year 
has started ««n. 

GROUP: The chairman. Mr 
Michael Peters, told the annual 
meeting that the company’s 
established businesses were 
showing satisfactory growth in 
the current year. 

Figures in £s for six months to 
October 31. Turnover 548200 
(498,900), pretax profit 153,900 
(118,600), tax 32200 (41,500), 
earnings per share 13.1p(U2pX 

• LEXICON INC Dividend 
S0.01 1. Turnover for the year to 
Aug. 31 (figures in $000) 8,042 
(10,527). Pretax loss 262 (profit 

Turnover for the half-year to 
Sept. 30 (figures in £000) 7,472 
(6,297). Pretax profit 131 (loss 
99). Tax nil (same). Extraor- 
dinary debit nil (124). Net 
earnings per stock unit 2.05p 
(loss 2J9p). 

interim dividend (same). Tom- 
over for the half-year to SepL 
30/9/86 (figures in £000) 6.709 

Market uncertain about 
flight path of satellite TV 

(figures in £000) 6,709 
(7345). Operating loss 106 (7). 
Loss per share 2.7p (eps 0.1 pX 
The board reports that there has 
been a decline in gross profit 
earned and expenses increased 
which account for the redaction 
in operating result. 

By Richard Lauder 

There is little doubt that the 
satellites will get up into the 
ether what is more uncertain 
is whether Direct Broadcast- 
ing by Satellite (DBS), the 
future shock of television, win 
climb High enough,, fest 
enough to provide the winning 
consortium's members with a 
bumper return on their £500 
million-phis investment 

If the public Ms in love 
with British Satellite Broad- 
casting's mixture of news, 
entertainment films and 
children's programmes, DBS 
could be screening a space-age 

version of that long-running 
soap opera “A Licence To 
Print Money", first seen at the 
birth of independent tele- 
vision in the 1950s. 

But if the new service, due 
to go live in 1990, is shunned 
by consumers who feel quite 
happy with conventionally- 
suppued fare, we may be 
treated to a tearful tragedy 
entitled “The Great White 
' Elephant Show.” 

The stock market appears as 
uncertain as any group of 
reasonably-in form ed 

When the decision was an- 
nounced on Thursday, shares 
in the five members — Gra- 
nada Group, Amstrad Con- 
sumer Electronics, Anglia 
Television Group, Pearson 
Group and Virgin Group — all 
ynaffe useful single figure 

But then so did Carlton 
Communications, Saafehi & 
Saatchi and LWT Holdings, 
all of which were members of 
the unsaccesful DBS UK 

E10m - 

Amstrad Consumer^rf^ 

810m Bectronics*^gSllg 

AngBa Tetawson Group — , 

E 20 n 

Pearson Groups 




Granada Group 

£120 in 

Further capital 

to be 

arranged by 
7 Lazaid & 

A Citicorp 

Between them, the five 
members are subscribing £80 
millio n of the initial « piml 
round. The remaining £170 
million is being arranged by 
Citicorp and lizard Brothers, 
the merchant hanks, who hope 
to spread the risk among six to 
12 other investors. Throe out- 
siders, which might include 
other ITV contractors, have to 
be approved by the Indepen- 
dent Broadcasting Authority. 

The largest cost of the whole 
operation, approximately 
£200 millicm, will of course be 
the three satellites to transmit 
the programmes — one opera- 
tional, a spare on the ground 
and another reserve in oibit. 

Here the consortium ap- 
pears to have mar ket forces on 
its side, being able to organize 
a competitive tender between 
contractors such as British 
Aerospace, and Hughes and 
RCA of the United States. 

The consortium is planning 

to spend £100 million on 
programming in the first year 
although here again there may 
be room for savings. The mix 
on BSB is likely to feature low- 
budget quiz and drat shows as 
the order of the day. 

The revenue side is more 
problematic. The project will 
rely on two sources of income 
— advertising and subscrip- 
tion for the film channel — 
which the consortium hopes 
will be large enough to ensure 
breakeven after three or four 

BSB*s initial estimate of 
being able to take £200 minion 
of advertising in the first year 
without greatly damaging the 
JTV total — about £1-2 button 
this year — is seen as highly 
optimistic by some media 
analysts, although feasible 
later on. 

BSB hopes to persuade 
some 400,000 homes to tune 
in during the first year and to 

Richard Branson 

have about half the popula- 
tion garing skywards, as it 
were, "for their programmes by 

Whether these figures can 
be achieved depends on two 
factors, the more important of 
which is whether the dish 
aerials needed to receive the 
programmes, currently cost- 
ing around £1.000, can be 

mass-produced for £200 and 
eventually less. 

Responsibilty for this will 
fell on the shoulders of Mr 
Alan Sugar of Amstrad. 

The second obstacle can be 
loosely described as the hu- 
man actor. Even with dishes 
at £100, does the public want 
three new channels showing 
(with some refinements) more 
of the same material currently 
delivered by the four-land 
based channels? If it does, it is 
time to dim the lights and toll 
the credits for “Licence to 
Print Money: Part Two”. 

Yule bids 
for Barrow 

Yule Cano, the industrial 
chemicals, building products 
and plantations group, gas 
Punched a £ 17.3 m.l!mn b,d 
for Barrow Hepburn Group, 
ihe industrial holding coro- 
jJLiy chaired by Professor 
Roland Smith. 

Barrow Hepburn has re- 
sponded by rejecting the bid, 
calling it “unsolicited and 
totally unacceptable”. 

Yule Cairo is keen 10 ex- 
pand its industrial activities in 
Britain and boost its British 
earnings from their present 
level ofabout 60 per cent The 
combination of the two 
chemical businesses would 
form a strong group in the 
high-growth area of speciality 
chemicals, the company said. 

Yule has a healthy balance 
sheet with gearing of only b 
per cent at the end of last year. 
Mr Alex Walker, the chief 
executive, said the company 
had financial muscle to bring 
to Barrow. 

The terms of the offer are 
one convertible preference 
share of lOOp, and 108p in 
cash for every four Barrow 
Hepburn shares. This values 
Barrow at 52p a share. 

Mr Walker said Yul e wa s 
offering a 50 per cent increase 
in income to Barrow share- 

Yule made interim pretax 
profits to the end of June of 
£4.9 million, a marginal in- 
crease over the previous first 
half, and earnings per share 
rose 18 percent 

It has forecast a final divi- 
dend of 5-5p, making a total of 
8.5p, a rise of 21.5 per cent. 

Barrow Hepburn made in- 
terim pretax profits to the end 
of June of £1 million, a rise of 
7 per cent. 

- . 

is'"''' _ - 

Hong Kong exports 
show 17% increase 

From Stephen Leather, Hong Kong 


Hong Kong’s economy is 
booming, according to gov- 
ernment figures released 

They show that the crown 
colony’s exports in the first 10 
months of this year were 17 
per cent greater compared 
with the same period last year, 
at HK S 123.7 billion (£112 

Hong Kong has been 
particularly successful in 
France, where exports were up 
47 per cent. West Germany, 
where there was a rise of 40 

per cent, the Netherlands, 
which showed a 31 per cent 
gain and Japan, which was 29 
percent better. 

Its two largest markets — the 
United - Slates and China — 
both showed increases of 11 
per cent, while domestic ex- 
ports to Britain were up 17 per 
cent, with do thing alone 
showing a 33 per cent gain to 
HKS963 million. 

Exports have been boosted 
by the relative weakness of the 
HK dollar, which is linked to 
the US dollar. 

FYsviom day's total opan Interact 1B122 

Tint Moon Etootiotar 

USTresmiry Bond 
DK 88 

Mar 87 




EM Vi 





















Short can 
Dec 86 — 

Mar 87 _ 
Jot 87 — 

Prewtousttoy * total o p ai M wal 24806 
9384 83X2 83-82 1974 

Will 3334 8335 3477 

94.C1 3335 3336 605 

S387 oq ret yore 3gg 
PnivtotgOg/s total uu a iil nta raM 4088 
9MB 90-05 9M* 4$ 

99-04 3801 88-23 3355 

97-25 0 

Prarioroli^s tote open itttiest 213 

— : 9632 0 

9032 96-80 9682 45 



Dec 86 


Previous (toy's Total open interest 3372 
16440 162.70 1CJ0 479 


16640 165JD 165JO 6 



Clearing Banks 11 
Finance Horn 11 X 




rarer, i&y 





1 mntti 11tt-11K 2rantti 11*-11)4 
3mn*h 1U4-11X Bmntft 11X-1 IX 
9 mntti 11K-11K 12mtti 11)4-11* 

?aa«Si > int-lr Smntfi ii*»ii»i* 
6 mntti 11 # «- 11 *» 12mlti 11K-11X 
Defer CDs M) 

1 mntti 6.40-635 3 nattfi 6.15-6.10 

6 mntti 6.1O-605 12mth G.1D-OQS 

3rmtfi 6.15-6.10 
1201th 6.108^5 


Applets: 641 1M atotHfcSIOOM 

03*07X4% received: 23% 

Last wsalc £8784% rscstowfc E9fl% | Com Union 

Avge rate 2106501% tost w*t£l0.£662% f27Z) 

Next re n te eiOOM replace El 00M I 

And Rate Staring Export Rnancs 
Schama IV Awaraga mteum a rata lor 
rawest period November i, 1966 to 
November 28, 1966 tnctostac 11.248 par 


Britain’s economy is shaping up wsfl A rjt TQ invests millions for governments and 

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High levels of growth and low in- out shares with above average growth an3 

flafion have already pushed up company profits. dividend projects for you. 

(The FT Actuaries Afl Share Index rose 23.9% over die In companies that are undervalued for example. Or where 

last year to 31.10.86 with net income reinvested.) a company is consideied to be a takeover candidate; or wlrae 

Mote stable energy costs and maeaang world trade are bri^a new management is about to push up profits. 



making investment here an even better prospect for the foture. 

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you the very best of British. Investment in blue chip British 
companies valued at £100 million car mote. In names £ke ICE, 
Hanson Trust, Sainsbury’s and P&O. 

And, as well as bong in good companies, your money 
will be tn good hands. The same Rothschild expertise that 

WdH he watching, waiting - and acting. 

Invest today from £500 by simply completing the coupon. 
Its rime to be back in Britain. 

ipames vawea at Jiiuu munon or more, in names Dite jlc-a, R V rp/ir TTT T*v 

ison Trust, Sainsbury’s and PficO. JN M KU 1 HoCHlLD 



ERAL INFORMATION TV manager sNM RodednU Asset Manage- — 1 — 

jmnxd. New Court, St- 5«ch m* Cane, London EC4P 4DU Rtpsrotd m ■p.'y . » _ . ASA 

i No. 827982. Hit trustee a NammJ SBamwiaer Bank PLC 41 Lotfabtuy, iNCW V^OUTT IVl^OT 

o EC2P2BR The Funds lutfaoosed by tfatPepatmea oTIradr and Int^ngiy y ? tt « j 

afifies as a “mder nty" Bw a nu c m . The limt Deed pennks Bwcament m UJ\. vXUDpcUllCS LUDU 

GENERAL INFORMATION TVnnna^r a N M RodednU Ants Marap- 
uicjiT Lramrd. New Court, St- Lane, London EQfP 4DLZ Repsrmd in 

Laadoa Na 827982. The trustee a Naonml VSenmisKr Ranfc PLC 41 Lothbozy; 
and qualifies as a “wider range" ma a nD c n L The That Deed pennks m 

□aded operas waf*n the gudebe lad down by (hr Department of Hade tod 
Industry As mstnl charge of is mriudfd to d* offir per* togeiher wah an adjox- 
mem of up to IS ot IJTppeiutat, wfatdKverd the lew. An tmul charge of 1% of 
the toluf of die Fuad plus VAT a lened to de£ay mra geme n t ei p eneM a p ro e m . 
Then a hmem a bnEty to nrtOte thtsm a muimta of plus VKi; etAject u 
three tnooths' nonce to uathoUeo. The ettimjird gross yiekl a the o&r pace an 
4tb Daxtaber 1986 of 54.2p XD was 2-J2% per aosutn. Ody Idcobk Umt» wfl be 
aened. NameomewiD be djanbuted to tnwhoUen half yearly on 31a Jammy md 
ha Jdy id each year aid u ntfh ojd rr? w3 team a tes cwaficae with each such 
dtaoibufiaa. Appfaooos mB be acknowledged by oaotcaa me md una ih i Ajw 
w3 be pasted approemueefy 6 weeks btK 

Unto may be boW bad at any nme by ttkphonmg die mamgeroc by tetunnng jour 
renounced caufitate. A cheque for die pro«tds based on the b»d poce rufing at die 
uue oBt r ucnora ate teceaed wdl nonmfiy be xzw wsbni 10 days of re c eipt of die 
renounced c e mfigi e . Tbe pnea of uttfa and yidd are quoted m the mnoed press. 
Cnmmra»gn apadpiBXgg«dynB.)!bo di ouid t«iiHi i b e t dMiifaep»icccfuaiBJs 
«dl as the meant can go down oj weKasupandtiBtnoairtuadioaldbn^udedasa 
iongtttmnnesmar The after is not zvaibble lo res^Jazs oftbe Repuinc of liehixJ 
ifet » persons under (hencf 18 i 

“R N M RodisdddAjtetMaaageuma Lagged, 


I 4ft apply Mmawer ^iiwnimim m 

Insane Uritsc^bkwCounM^cr UK Campanas Fund (safcject m (be Buns oftbe 
That Deed casnnilingdie Fund) at die o&rpneemfc^cc receipt of As appfcanon. 

I Ur mdiwe a cheque payable toNMRotlscbildAgBMaingemeig Limited. 

Tim ofc k nix andable to readm of die RepubEc oTlxehiid nor to pereoos under the age of IS. 


(m d« am of joat appfranom, a5 oh upland ptonje namea and addroro on a aqn» sheet) 




Ashtasd (122p) 

KslooSBattoPBsa ( 103 P) 
Brake Bros (125p) 

British Gas M 
DenM s natof 
FMchar Khn (175(4 
Gawnr (94pT 
Geest (I25pj 
Gtartree (16p) 

Gordon RusseS <190(8 
Guthrie Carp n&p) 

Hafts Homes 4 Grins (95; 
Harmony Leisure ( 23 p) 
Johnson Fry 
Uoyds Ctombt ttOSp) 
i.rriftek (65o) 

Lcn& MflOopoftt an (14Sp) 
Mss Sam Wbgs (Imp) 
Note (152p) 

Notimtnbrian Rne (60p) 

Uuano (Hop) 


Sunrttt (135(4 
TSB dsn isles (70p 
158 Group (lOOp) 
Ifirgln (14<fe) 
Wootens Better (104 
Ward Group (97p) 
Wilcfing Office p35p) 

Bias (70p) 

181 -2 
111 +2 
| 10S 

132 +1 








33 +1 
141 -5 

Cook WM RP 
GianfleU N/P 
Lai Assc Ifrv F/P 
Norfolk Cap F/P 
PM r oc an F/P 
(fogaftan NIP 
TTirog See F/p 
Wadfegton F/P 

(Issue orice fe? tesetets). 

1 8 1114 13 17 19)4 
S4 2)4 5)4 33 35K 36 



16 20)4 


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8 K 13 X 


7 9 10 


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business and finance 



Shares uncertain as Opec 
fails to decide on oil price 

By Carol Leonard 

Talk about oil dominated 
the London slock market yes- 
terday, pushing share prices 
higher on hopes of an im- 
minent agreement on produc- 
tion quotas from the Opec 
meeting in Geneva and then 
allowing them to drift lower 
when such an agreement failed 
to materialize. 

The oil stocks themselves 
dosed a little below their best 
levels of the day, but neverthe- 
less held on to sizeable gains 
as the feeling of optimism that 
an agreement might be 
reached over the weekend 
continued to ride high. 

BP and Shell were among 
the most heavily traded stocks 
in the market with between S 
and 6 million shares changing 
hands in each. Shell touched 
960p, a gain of 7p. before 
closing a couple of pence 
easier at 958p. BP gained 7p 
and closed at 688p. 

Elsewhere in the oil sector, 
Britoil gained 6.5p to I62.5p 
with more than 5 million 
shares traded, Enterprise 4p to 
1 56p and IC Gas a penny to 

The buoyant mood even 
lifted partly-paid British Gas 
shares by three-quarters of a 
penny to 63.75p, with 131 
million shares traded. 

The FT-SE 100 opened in 
the same optimistic frame of 
mind, with a rise of 3.7 points, 

but turned lower when WaU 
Street opened in a negative 
mood and closed 42 points 
down at 1,629.8. The FT 30 
share index closed down 4.3 at 

The gilt-edged market 
painted a much Dvfier picture, 
with rises of up to £1% in the 
longs and the futures also 
firm. Money was pouring into 
the London gilts market from 
all over the world, encouraged 
by the firmer pound. 

The switch left bond mar- 

• Keep an eye on WSL, 
fenra^rty Wolverhampton 
Steam Laundry and now a 
specialist travel operator. Its 
shares eased a penny to 
159p yesterday, bet market 
men say a bid is expected 
within a ample of weeks. The 
suitor is said to be Bine 
Arrow and the likely offer 
price is 225p. 

Jkets in the US, Japan and 
West Germany to drift lower 
and prompted dealers to say 
that the next rise in interest 
rates might have been averted. 

One trader commented: 
“For a time Wall Street was 
the bond market to be in, then, 
at the end of November it was 
Germany. Now it is very 
definitely London.** 

Amon& f leading equities, 
large chunks of GEC and 


outperfo rming the market 

£9.4 million for the full year to 
end-March, giving it earnings 
per share of I6.3p. It is 
forecasting profits of £13.5 
million for 1988. with earn- 
ings climbing to 21. 4p. 

Saatchi A S a at ch i, Britain's 
biggest advertising agency, put 
on a further 6p to 749p, on 
continued strong support 
from the US, while WCRS 
Group eased 5p to S23p. A line 
of 250,000 WCRS shares, 
worth £1.5 million, changed 
hands in the market on Thurs- 
day at 528p and further shares 
were sold yesterday. 

Racal changed hands, as trad- 
ers look up their positions 
ahead of the Cabinet decision 
on whether to order Nimrod 
or AWACs for the Royal Air 
Force. The announcement is 
expected next Thursday, but 
the share price movements in 
both companies gave no dues 
as to who the winner might be. 
GEC slipped 5p to 166p and 
Racal 2p to 176p. 

ICI gave up I5p to l,097p 
and BTR 3p to 275p. Grand 
Metropolitan held on to its 
recent gains and edged a 
further 3p ahead to 475p. 

Coloroll, the fast-growing 
wall paper and home furnish- 
ing group, firmed a penny to 
231p in active trading follow- 

ing a bullish “buy"* circular 
from L MesseL, the broker. 

Analysts Mr Ronnie Dun- 
bar and Mr Chris Radmore 
say: “The group is settling 
down well and we see no 
reason to change our year-end 
forecast Recent strength puts 
the shares on a better rating 
and further ouiperformance 
can be expected over the long 
term. The company is well on 
course to fulfil its long-term 
strategy and should be a core 
constituent of all growth 

Colored reported profits of 
£3.5 million for the first half of 
the current year, slightly ahead 
of market expectations and 
Messel is forecasting profits of 

Tax switch ‘vital’ 
to oil industry 

By Our Own Correspondent 

The importance of tax 
changes in the short term to 
ensure development of the 
North Sea has been empha- 
sized by Dr George 
Maihewson, chief executive of 
the Scottish Development 

He told members of the 
Edinburgh and Leith Petro- 
leum Club that, in spite of the 
recent drop in oil prices, 
opportunities for Scottish 
companies still existed. 

“There is a strong long-term 
future for the industry,” he 

“In Scotland it is still a 
sunrise industry with many 
opportunities for future devel- 

opment, not least in export 

But in the long term, the 
industry frees many chair 
ienges, he said. 

“The real danger is that, if 
the short-term position be- 
comes too severe, it will choke 
off much of the capability that 
has been built in Scotland and 
Britain in the past decade. 

“If this were to happen, 
many of the long-term oppor- 
tunities that undoubtedly ex- 
ist would be lost to Scotland 
and Britain and with them, the 
prospect of many new jobs. 

“To ensure that this 
capability is not lost, it is vital 
that we do. all we can to bring 
developments forward,” 

talks on 

Peninsular and Oriental 
Steam Navigation is to sell 
part of the Stock Conversion 
portfolio acquired in its take-: 
over of SC earlier this year, 
including the 1 million sq ft 
Euston Centre in London. 

British Land is now nego- 
tiating terms to acquire P&O's 
half share in Euston Centre 
Properties, the company 
whose sole asset is die £130 
million Euston Centre. BL 
owns the other half of the 
company, which it bought 
from Wimpey Property Hold- 
ings for £31.5 million in 1983. 

The deal will be a substan- 
tial one, which could total well 
over £50 million. 

DU may 
follow up 
leak claim 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry may follow up 
allegations that possible leaks 
from the ministry were 
nsible for share-dealing 
fore two of its recent 
monopoly decisions — P&O's 
bid for Eurofenies and the 
Barclay brothers' offer for IC 

However, the DTT, which 
leads government efforts to 
combat City wrongdoing, re- 
fused officially to be drawn. 

This came in response to 
press charges that news of 
referral decisions reached the 
market before the official 
announcements to the Stock 


by Glaxo 

Glaxo Holdings: Mr John 
Bnrke and Dr Hugh 
McCorqnodale have been 
elected to the board of Glaxo 
Holdings and of the subsid- 
iary, Glaxo Group. Dr Joe 
Blaker becomes managing 
director of Glaxochem. 

Reckitt & Colman: Mr MR 
Valentine is to be a non- 
executive director. 

The Nestle Company: Mr 
Frank Edwards is to become 
mana g in g director and chief 
executive. He will succeed Mr 
RA Wilson, who will remain 
chairman of Nestle Holdings 

Jeyes Holdings: Mr Peter 
Welch joins as a non-exec- 
utive director and Mr Martin 
Bromley joins the board as 
general sales manager. 

Blenheim Exhibitions: Mr 
Stephen Halstead has become 
a non-executive director. 

Michael Peters Corporate 
Literature: Mr Paul Langsford 
joins as marketing director. 

The Moorgate Group: Mr 
Richard Osborne becomes 
creative director. New York. 

William Baird; Mr CE 
Maunseil is to join the faoaid 


Dubilier finally steps 
away from the beam 

• In less than a month, Mr 
Jeff Ware, mining analyst at 
Credit Suisse Bockmaster 
& Moore, has switched his 
recommendation on 
Charter Consolidated from 
buy to setL He was 
disappointed with the interim 
profit this week of £17.9 
million. Its shares dipped 5p 
yesterday to 288p. 

Ward White, the retailing 
empire led by Mr Philip Birch, 
was claiming 41 per cent of 
LCP, its latest bid target, last 
night after buying a further 12 
per cent in the market at its 
cash-alternative offer price of 
200p a share. Ward White 
increased its offer on Thurs- 
day and had hoped to have 
reached the 50 per cent level — 
giving it control - by yes- 
terday. LCP ftdl 3p to 197p. 

Pilkingtoo Brothers, the 
other big takeover target of the 
moment, managed to close 3p 
to the good at 626p as its battle 
to fight off BTR continues. 
The chairman of BTR, Sir 
Owen Green, yesterday wrote 
to Pilkington's shareholders 
describing their board's de- 
fence as “resting on an uneasy 
framework of unsubstantiated 
and dubious claims." Market 
men say this one still has some 
way to run. 

Lncasgave up 7p to 466p on 
renewed and bullish talk 
about the new, mechanical, 
anti-locking brake system 
developed by Automotive 
Products, a subsidiary of BBA 
Group. BBA firmed 6p to 127p 
on the suggestion that it may 
have won an order from Fiat 

AB Foods fell 10plo3I8pas 
the market gave the “thumbs 
down” to its £148 million 
fund-raising share issue. The 
45.5 million new shares, is- 
sued at 312p each, were placed 
with institutions but there 
were reports that the 
company’s adviser, County 
Securities, may have had 
some difficulty 

Some market men were 
hoping that AB Foods might 
now make an acquisition but 
analysts were sceptical. 


Prudence can move 
cash mountains 


any Weston was in a relaxed 
mood yesterday, just like anyone 
else who has avoided a problem 
with the taxman. By placing £148 
million worth of shares in his Asso- 
ciated British Foods group he has saved 
his shareholders from the punitive tax 
treatment that can befall any investor in 
a close company, broadly speaking one 
that is controlled by a family or small 
group of unrelated individuals. 

Before yesterday's placing it was just a 
matter of time before the Revenue came 
knocking at ABF's door, for the cautious 
Mr Weston had transformed the group 
into the GEC of the food manufacturing 
sector, with a mountain of almost £800 
million in cash, marketable shares and 
short dated gilt-edged stock. 

Through a company called Witt- 
ington Investments, the Weston family 
controlled 71 per cent of the ABF group 
and was that rarest of animals, a large 
publicly-quoted organization and at the 
same time subject to close company 

So, either ABF had to pay out all of 
the so-called unearned income from its 
cash and securities, or the Revenue 
could have taxed shareholders as they 
had received it in the form of dividends. 

For months, the City has been waiting 
for a solution to the problem and it has 
duly emerged in the form of a £148 
million share placing which reduced the 
Weston family stake to below 35 per 
cent, the threshold level at which the 
close company provisions apply. 

That boosts the cash mountain to 
around £930 milli on and guarantees 
that the City will be watching for ABFs 
next move, which could be takeover bid 
of anything up to £2 billion or so. 

Where will Mr Weston strike? 

It is a guessing game that demands 
extraordinary perception for Mr Weston 
has shown himself far more tempera- 
mentally inclined to be a seller than a 
buyer. And how well he has performed. 
The foundation for today's well stocked 
war chest was the £200 million received 
for ABFs South African subsidiary 
Premier, at what these days looks a 
splendid price at an opportune moment 
Mr Weston even managed to extract all 
of the cash. 

Earlier this year he pulled in almost 
£700 million by parting with the Fine 
Fare supermarket chain to Alec Monk’s 
Dee Corporation — not bad for an 
operation which contributed £34 mil- 
lion of profit in the latest financial year. 

To judge from Dee’s subsequent 
share price, Mr Weston got the better of 
that exchange. 

Apart from the price, a powerful 
reason for the disposal lay in the 
conflicts which appear when, like ABF, 
you are both large food retailer and a 
Substantial food manufacturer. Having 
resolved those by sale of Fine Fare, Mr 
Weston is unlikely to make a further 
attem pt to establish a big retailing chain 
in Britain. That means that whoever 

buys the British end of the Safeway 
c hain, now very much on the market, it 
will not be Mr Weston. 

The same goes for United Biscuits on 
the food manufacturing side, hotly 
tipped as a likely target for ABF by City 
speculators. Weston’s own biscuit mak- 
ing businesses are substantial and any 
approach seems certain to invite the 
scrutiny of the Office of Fair Trading. 

It is for more likely that any moves to 
expand will be in the United States on 
the food retailing side, where Weston 
and his team have experience and flair — 
and see plenty of opportunity. As far as 
the City is concerned, the sooner the 
move the better. For the rating of ABF 
shares has been modest and growing 
more so as time goes by. As GEC has 
found to its own enormous cost, cash 
mountains win few friends unless they 
are put to work. 

The ABF team has performed splen- 
didly in its mainstream operations 
where it speaks for 30 per cent of the 
British bread market, pursuing an 
approach of heavy investment and low 
cost production. 

But the prospects there are for modest 
growth only over the next few years. If 
ever anyone needed a deal to restore 
flagging City support it is ABF. 
Yesterday’s deal is the first sizeable step 
in the right direction. 

Catching on quickly 


ondon may have had a thing or 
two to learn from its transatlantic 
' cousins when Big Bang day 
dawned but itseem to be catching up 
fast The £148 million “bought deal” to 
purchase and place ABF stock was the 
biggest done by a British securities 
house and was snatched from the eager 
hands of a US competitor. 

County Securities was one of three 
shortlisted houses called in on Wednes- 
day and asked to pitch for the job. The 
candidates were asked two questions 
only, how much they would pay for the 
stock on offer and what would be their 
total “turn” on the transaction. 

County offered to buy and sell the 
stock at 31 2p taking a 1 'A per cent fee en 
route. The placing went smoothly 
enough in three hours on Friday 
morning with 160 institutions picking 
up shares. 

What the unsuccessful rivals had in 
mind is cloaked in gentlemanly silence. 
But the betting must be that all three 
bids were far more favourable finan- 
cially to ABF and its shareholders than 
the obvious alternative of a rights issue. 

As the Bank of England pointed out 
this week, if the object of Big Bang was 
to make London far more competitive 
with centres like New York, we seem to 
be achieving it smartly. 

John Bell 

City Editor 

Frank Edwards: NestlG’s 
new managing director 
as an executive direrjor. 

Beecham Group: Mr Hagh 
rollout has been appointed 
group finance director and a 

has become group managing 
director of Pauls and chap- 
man of Pauls MaK^ ^P* 

Hudson has been named as 
managing director, Pauls 
S and as a director of 
ft Mr Darid ***** 
^ deputy managing 


regional chairman, 

Mr Richard Fan- 


managing d jSj§«d Lockart 

• S S tb the S *boan| N o f Bellway 
h as technical 

< South Las ) fcinn, 

dl *5 l0 .u e ^Joardof Bellway 

{North London). 

Ion beam technology is all 
very well if you have the 
resources to support its 
development Dubilier has 
decided that its long romance 
in this area of high technol- 
ogy has come to an end and 
has written off the £3.1 
milli on investment related to 
a 20 per cent holding in IBS. 

Over the years. Outfitter's 
interest has been diluted by 
its inability to pot up addi- 
tional finance. The decision 
to make the writedown now 
was taken in the belief that 
another finding exercise was 

Dose watchers of the group 
hart an infcting of this 
writedown, so yesterday’s 
ann ouncement was not a 

Indeed, since 1985-86 was 
an accident-prone year in any 
case, it was probably wise to 
get all the nasties out of the 
way at one fell swoop. 

The final outcome for the 
year was towards the bottom 
end of expectations and 
nearly £1 million below fore- 
casts made this time last year. 
Problems at the new electro- 
plating plant at Gieenpar 
conspired with delays in or- 
ders at Beswick and problems 
with suppliers at Automatic 
Connector to make 1985-86 a 
year which anil he put down 
to experience at Dubilier. 

Apparently all these prob- 
lems are behind the company 
which is now concentrating 
on its ambition to become a 
stable and well-diversified 
Specialist component sup- 
plier. New products at Edac 
launched later this year will, 
for example, take the com- 
pany into new markets of 
considerable promise. 

The outlook for profits this 
year is more encouraging, 
although there is still a long 
way to go before Dubilier 
fulfils its potentiaL Forecast- 
ers are looking for between 
£6J million and £7 million 
pretax with stronger growth 
expected next year. 

The shares are selling on a 
price-earnings ratio of around 
15 times. Leaving aside the 
possibiity of a bid, they are 
tidiy valued given the group's 
recent record. 

MIL Research 




IS a 

MIL Research Group 
pure market research com- 
pany and intends to stay that 

Comparisons with other 
quoted companies are there- 
fore tricky since most provide 

a mixture of services includ- 
ing advertising, sates promo- 
tion and public relations. The 
nearest comparisons are 
AGB and Mill ward Brown, 
which are trading on prospec- 
tive p/e ratios of around 14 
and 13 respectively. 

MIL’S placing price of 
1 44p, which gives a p/e of 14, 
assuming tax of 37 per cent 
for the year ending January 
31, is therefore very much in 

• The doubting of pretax 
profits this year to a forecast 
£1.55 million from £772,000, 
using merger accounting . 
principles, must be assumed 
to be part of a continuing 
upward trend as the shares, 
on a historic basis, would be 
very expensive. 

There is, however, no rea- 
son to doubt that profits will 
continue to climb as demand 
for market research increases. 

NHL specializes in three 
areas — consumer products, 
especially motors; health- 
care, primarily ethical phar- 
maceuticals and diagnostic 
ranges; and industrial prod- 
ucts, primarily information 
technology equipment. 

The acquisition of Market 
Measures in the United 
States, in addition to provid- 
ing the reason for the flota- 
tion, has greatly increased the 
company’s exposure to the 
healthcare world. 

The huge size of the drug 
market in America and 
worldwide and the constant 
upgrading of medical equip- 
ment and standards of care 
mean there should be a 
growing demand from drug 
companies and health ser- 
vices for MIL'S work. 

The vendors of Market 
Measures are taking most of 
the proceeds of the flotation 
for selling their business. 
MIL is raising only £280,000 
new capital for the company 
from the placing of 3.98 
million shares. 

The company is capitalized 
at £1 4.4 million. 

Greene, King 

Campaigns against drinking 
and driving in the run up to 
Christmas are undoubtedly 
“good things,” unless you are 
a brewer. Greene, King & 
Sons' caveat about its growth 
rate for the second half is not, 
therefore, unconnected with 
this year’s campaign. 

Although demographic 
trends in its East Anglian 
heartland were working in 
Greene King's fevour, they 
were not enough to protea 
the group from the effects of 
an overall decline in the ale 

Moreover, as many of its 
770 public houses are in rural 
areas, the effect of bad 
weather was particularly 
noticeable. In spite of this, 
margins held up well and 
yesterday's results were 
ahead of expectations. 

With a respected product 
and an established reputation 
in free houses, the outcome of 
the investigation into tied- 
houses by the Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission 
should not affect Greene 
King adversely. 

Investors perceive Greene 
King as a company operating 
in a less competitive market 
place which has become dull 
and unaggressive. Although 
this approach has not placed 
the group in the limelight, it 
has enabled it to make steady, 
if unspectacular, progress. 

With a dean balance sheet 
and aspirations to become a 
:ter force in the industry, 

reene King may be about to 
adopt a more active cor- 
porate stance. 

It should make pretax prof- 
its of £12.5 million for the 
year to May 1987. On this 
basis the shares are selling on 
a p/e of 13.2. 

Although not the raciest 
stock in the sector, it is one to 
be watched because it may 
make a late run. 

If you’re about to invest in a pension plan 
make sure it's the best on the mar^ et * 

• FunU 

S 54.32 3 

-\ni--\B U! ; 
V mulct'd 
' : x . 

ini,22 f> 

•. , - . 



WlfHlWs, Prom* ■ tt ilh p ro ni> 

S. -34,02b 

A) V. \\Y 
t il K 


Value of Pension Fond over 10 years to 1st April 1986. 

Source: Money Management, August 1986 

Assumes 120 monthly premiums of £100 ‘Amount Invested (Allowing for tax relief at 30%) 

rife t sourish eatiai id sb »u Id ci\s“ aiitriri-ai 
rivals'. in t he. ppirsiutVs field. ^..4^-V r A.vv . 

The Times, Sato relay 26th January 1985. 

If you’re self-employed or the director of a 
private company, you'll know all about the tax 
advantages of investing in a pension plan. 

Your biggest problem will be selecting the 
best from the rest. Obviously, the most important 
factor will be the size of your pension fund when 
you eventually retire. 

: : -I iid e ed jj h j>Vr rofjniiigjcon t r art ,"uv tfi o', ~ * * P r i zc fori he most outstanding performance 
'Aiip.',pvA\ as Fiuul ** of the decade must still j>o to Target ‘Managed ** 

>>* Tar.uet Managed is unquestionably 'the. 
'SteAeCram of investment .'performance V*; 

Money Management, October 1985. 

What it doesn't show, however, is that the 
Target Plan has out-performed all other personal 
pension plans over the last ten years. 

Whatis more, only the Target plan provides 
you with a guaranteed loan back facility* enabling 
you to draw on your investment whenever you 
like, with no additional management charge& 

The Dally Telegraph, Saturday 81st December 1983. 

All too often, this decision is taken as a result 
of comparing projected growth figures, whereas 
the only realistic basis for comparison is achieved 
growth. The table above compares the actual 
results of an investment in the Target Personal 
Pension Plan - linked to the Target Managed 
Pension fluid- with two 
leading with profits 
policies and three other 
unit linked plans invested 
in managed funds. 



Honey Magazine, February 1986. 

And, with Target you’re not committed to 
keeping up a regular payment You may vary the 
level of your investment to suit your personal 
circumstances. Except, of course, with a growth 
record like ours, we think you’ll want to invest 
more rather than less. To find out more, fill 
out and return the Freepost 
coupon below, or fchone 
0296 394000 and ask for the 
Client Services Department. 

*Sotsia io towi of pmsfam ud acnpnbl«M«vrt<jp 



Please let me have further details of the Target Pension Plan. 





Send to; Dept MF, Target Group PLC, FREEPOST, Aylesbury, Bucks HP19 3YA, 


«) Oflw etna TO 

Bd Offer cing TO 

B*d Offer Cbng TO 

HUH 61-3 65.1 402*44 

N MV That 1MJ 1212 412 OJB 

Ffeeowy 2414 W 402 164 

OfeTruS 362 3760 .. 172 

QVfeeanttae 885 HL2 403 527 
StVtantUSG* 742 711 40.1 CJ3 

Tw^tOtrOHChh 117.1 .. 34* 

Bao Sfe TH 402 322 -» 17 US 


aiMk a. Rnwgn «. scan mmu 

EnquHas QZ77 2S7aN Di*fl 0277 2(7015 
MAhMOA 19611441 403 1TB 

HMMNfeH R4 712a 402 091 
Mm J.1FE 127.0 1345H 404 149 

ffeSSSsSrim fEL6 «?6 -JM Mg 

I^Xmii Drown 1011 1118 405 QJ9 

1 lurrcn 812 SUC -0-1 122 

MHtaGaBRyhQ 8&« SOL M 404478 
89J 03 404 IS 

Hufeav Rw Ana 818 873 -1-0 138 

KrtShi a. 682 618 403 084 


foSStf^Sao’Shiftfl 0277 2T72S8 

Bid 08ar Chng TO 

M Offer CMg W 

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air (W w 

Mar NO ToxMdga, T*» 1DY 
0732 381144 

taanem « « maa 

Anr Eqto braw 317 382 

tow Sped* Ski 853 S9A 

foM 387 387 

QfSpro 489 «d 

teteta 308 318# 

Qfe* Rad H 288 310 

Grew# i fauna 98« 102 . 1 a 
Japan sped# Sts 413 443 

Juan 1«4 1883 

MwgrtM 1443 1543 

Mnracnv Ea3jr 827 8838 
P ro fa wtawl cB» 333 353 

South East Ahh *2A 482 

Spadfe SBt 1743 1014 

401 ISO 
-ai no 
*ai aco 
-0.1 430 

401 G33 
-0.1 470 

402 .. 
422 .. 
*05 023 

403 533 
.. 288 

-02 021 
*ai 032 

< Sa > Sdon I 

2 Fn Sfewt. London HSY SAQ 
01-388 IBIS 

Kw FttnO 40* .. JH 

Ftod lift 1313 . . 1081 

DapoM i«u) .. mao 

72/73 BaataM Saaat London ECZV 5DP 

American taagl E3784 3827 
tow ExWlpt E4097 4702 
A« Property Tit 610000 3 

Procarw THat float 

SIC SpaeHf 8W 5*2 573 -13 039 

2. Fora strwt. Louden BC2Y 580 
01-688 1815 

Narrow Plain. Brtttol BS2 OJH 
0800 873383 

taw Grow* 2S6 27.1 402 130 

EqUty Mdi brow 433 4010 +0-1 430 

EaRVawOrowffi 323 3338 *02 230 

Ceranl Equity 388 41.1 *02 230 

ON 4 Find kft OS) 27.1 288 ..330 

OB « Rod fee 223 2338 -Ol 030 

fedta Secunan 243 253 ..230 

M fee TSI 243 284 40.1 530 

japan Grown 343 373 .. aso 

PWgm Glti 24.1 263 ..250 

m Hope SOM. Ghapow CSS 2W 
041 221 BZS2 

Am arkwi gg tH fS 

<gSS%» SSSi. ISJif 



■48, Graeadweii ttEOPW 
01-823 4200 Bd 2M 

m UK IBS 2(238 -HL1 3.10 

Do toon 3265 3A«38 *41 3.(0 

NPI flww B324 -45 t» 

DP A«J*1 7753 B45 -M 1-JO 

Far Eaa Acc J 

A li han Acc 525 -J-J 

niinnoi Are 584 02 -04 OAu 

toriStoata: M3 SIS -02 1.10 

HomnwuriuM mss 

PO Bos 4. NonAcr Mil 3Mo 

0903 322200 

Grow Thai M22 1267 *001 MB 

ST?rns: 145 All -0J 225 

o mTog w n twgriiwtiWPfWr 

as. c*feon swwjjrt* ec4n bae 
imam QUS3S saswnBMO 



NLA Toro. Addto wnP a Road. Croydon 
01386 <355 01-628 8011 

111. OMM Loraton EC2l/ OBI 
01-728 1M 

Enaryy Trust 487 613 

EwreVrona 1088 1783 

FkmM 1707 1807 

(BlSntepy 512 5808 

QnMti kwabnant 284.1 3007 
fncome & (Sown 413 4478 

Jmm Grown 1S6A 206.8 

Nfe Afliar BWtfl 1073 11478 

1084 2063 
1073 11438 
1155 1227 
2217 2347 
B13 64M 
2012 3023 

Smfer C*rt 2217 2347 

GUM fee TH 513 643# 

SpacM Ska Ace 2067 3023 

crown war trust samces 

Ow n Howa. MfeMng OU2T JXW 

Hlgn taeoma That 2535 2897 
Grwtn Trust 225.8 2402 

Amadou That 1313 1397 


*25 43S 
*-14 330 
+43 172 

IK krona 482 615 +0.1 472 

uk Grown Aeaan 494 525 *04 241 

Do DM 484 623 *0.4 241 

Brown GnA 804 646 +04 158 

PawcGrowdi 687 605 -02 051 

4. UMa Gwcant, ESHamh 
□31-226 3492 

Amancan Rmd 735 7858 

CspOM Fond 102.3 1063 

T ft 

Amancan tad 735 7858 *04 177 

CsptH Fond 1023 1063 +07 156 

Grown a fee Raid 1315 1400 *03 446 

HUH DM Rfed 111-1 11838 *04 571 

fetemnttorfeJ Find 2153 2297 4-15 038 

HHMw tad 253 283 ..037 

So* Jap CD's Fnd 345 3 70 -0.1 . . 

Tokyo Fund 1BB5 1795 -03 0J30 

m Anar (2 1503 1544 154 

ElJspwCT 113.1 118M .. 118 

fed Pacnc (4> 333.4 3425 415 029 

M Stato jap (4) 2047 2065 -03 110 

EuMM 294 313 *0.1 3.19 

Bafli Road. O ito nf iaH. OBuo a afe r 0453 no 
0242 521311 

UK Btoncad fee 705 7498 *07 810 

DoAccun 724 7888 *02 338 

UK Growtl) Acorn 903 965 +07 2.14 

UKHqhfeefec 684 7258 *04 451 

N Amercan Aeon 703 753 *07 071 

Far Eastern Acton 1127 1197 -07 036 

Brawn Aran 920 981 *01 1.17 

UK Cfe 8 R Inc 495 BUM 998 

DdAccum 585 5678 872 

Road. Rontod RMI 

Houaa. BB. W fea wtn 

35. Forawn Sc Ma ncnaawr 
081-238 5615 

BpCfebh Pafcan 755 805 405 846 

Mdi krona Tran 755 8058 +0.1 550 
afamaOM <87 615 .. 9.17 

TH Of few Trusts 725 775 +04 154 

SpePsl 9fe 1h8t 763 803 404 232 

Wi Airo ThM 817 857 +04 152 

Far Earon Trust 1005 1075 +04 043 

M Grown 567 <14 +05 137 


Si- Gngt Hsa Cotpotoksi SL Coman C Vi 


0203 553 2 31 

UK QrowH Aeon 1607 1597 403 834 

Do krona 1287 1389 403 334 

trow Raid 4415 4517 
Msraadonal 1 Got 2645 2704 



2^2 I Do Aaron 
tw I Gtnwn Gdi fee 
I OoAtron 



+03 046 
403 045 
41.1 353 
415 ME 

UK aowlb Rad 



*02 168 

uwoN a wmomnm 

Wlnafeda PwV. Exaor EXS IDS 

0302 52155 

Goth* Treat 



*02 360 

brow Treat 



♦Ol 693 

UtowHfewt That 



401 053 




+02 333 




-04 tUJO 

Treat of fee 




+05 080 

Ttrm Qum. Thew W EC3R 680 
01-826 4SU 

Anar ■ Gan fee 

2805 202 

+16 165 

Do Acorn 

2886 2435 

*02 166 



2435 7497 
3777 3873 

The prices in this 
section refer to 
Thursday's trading 


Mot Lo« Convoy 

Mb S*iA S M Bp 
G5 « ATASBtKttn 

« SSSSSftoHo 

M3 45 Access SUtMfe 

106 34 Aeon C« 

H BUAcsh Janawy 
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127 90 hsan 
276 121 A«fa Stan Has 
121 56 AM8 

165 132 totom 

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BU Otter QiTqe<S> D * P/E 

Ms S3 17.1 
11 35 153 

35 27 119 
17s 35 114 



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8 38*1 

148 OB AhSBBd 

355 102 Aspss Caros 
169 102 upmi 

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40 27 Assoc bap 
- 233 155 ASO 

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223 185 BPP 
S5 70 BTSto 
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28 !6><Bnn8i t Ftwocto 
- S3 37 Betatns COspj 

123 122 8any5Kb & NctH 
1S6 141 BtonABtowa 
» 10 StolHUH 

| |CT 

293 1G6 Bfcsa rt Toys 
166 133 Bortod 
27 M ttwwN i 
I9S 70 Bfcf 
240 125 BM 
250 150 BrBtm&W 
a <8 fe k*nd 
5S 42 Bnad St 

356 160 Bnntra* 

188 115 fens (Qwto 
345 195 »y»t (awkj 

3'i 2 Bhtawn 
103 73 CCA GtoK 
m 130 08 1*00 
42 25 CPU Coap 

ITS 130 CUD 
210 95 ctkstaiw OH 

68 82 Contack 

Ids 88 CMaon SUP hr 
Mi 74 OnsySecs 
205 ca CktoMOEisopa 
161 125 OaSsj Mai 
13 H'iden UeSuh 
260 158 CMfe W 
21*. tl'.-Ote 

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m 475 QMM 7% 

115 67 Cattfttt 
173 M6 Ctrla Hooper 

8 sa3r«% 

120 67 CnMBKMM 

n S3 csnEmnld 
143 111 COM) 

133 21 Conran fee 

<75 123 Qgnp F h«ad 
53 30 Campon 
154 84 COOMBIS 

58 38 Chb Ten fen 
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430 308 Cmufektl 
75 « OsaMOk 

114 95 DmU 

113 75 tan lodot 
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82 88 Dim (V Pros 
157 78 Qnss 

73 48 D8E Tad 

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84 56 Dm i Bows 
27 21 feBmn [MU 
171 131 MU 
57 40 Drtnn 
138 in Deacon 
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2B5 126 DUm 
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131 134 #«1 
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16 18 
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312 3(7 -1 

106 109 .. 

560 BO +30 
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165 ITS 


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72 78 -1 

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138 143 
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38 38 
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80 85 #+3 

237 2C #+5 
175 185 -5 

53 58 
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37 42 -3 

19 158 *2 

38 42 

150 MO -4 

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400 410 41 +3 
S2 57 +2 

83 88 +t 
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180 170 • .. 
70 73 +1 

m 150 H+4 

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74 77 

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275 280 +3 

465 480 
22 23 
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27 29 f .. 

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125 130 • .. 
96 100 

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2S7 267 .. 

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230 400 -5. 

240 245 +3 

137 1C +3 
85 70 H-2 
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43 10 14.9 

4.4 T4 32J1 

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143 23 US 

. . . . 7 J 

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M 18 163 

1.4 tl 111 

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57 77 17 
BA 58 WJ 
£7 IS 20.8 

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13 U 174 

13 47 93 

64 53 120 

30 20 233 

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Y.I 15 HLB 
60 73 17 

14 23 242 

125 70 u 

40 73 «0 

14 35 .. 

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43 23 213 
1160 12 M 

14 40 120 
20 13 164 

23 45 133 

35 ts ns 
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33 35 167 













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33 11 

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25 Id M2 
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11 24 223 
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93 19 116 
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96 23 184 
43 03 108 
23 23 143 

.- 45 




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73 SI 
65 31 

310 100 
60 30 

« 80 
2« IX 


30 2W 
MO 94 
ISO 78 
47 a 
87 72 


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135 86 

91 98 
187 IS 

in iia 
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MO 16D 
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268 SB 

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415 IS 
205 45 

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158 1W 
35 22 
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119 1M I 
255 175 I 
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31 II I 
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353 100 I 

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73 48 . 

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92 67 I 
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113 X I 
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44 48 +1 .. .. 

300 304 -4 258 Ml 

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170 MO H -3 71 43 

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133 140 OH 

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213 223 11 23 

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158 161 74 <6 117 

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31 38 +( 

125 MO +3 81 15 UL8 

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Z7 29 +1 0.1 0.4 221 

303 3U -5 81 21 ZD.4 

258 262 -I 17 23 343 

45 47 1.1 14 113 

457 467 .. U3 27 Ml 

405 418 +8 123 18 111 

140 159 

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115 116 #*4 

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168 177 -3 U 21 180 

388 407 •*! U 11 81 

115 IS ,, 66 13 Ml 

78 82 17 46 117 

85 7B #+5 IS 26 1U 

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137 142 -1 67 4.1 115 

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444 454 +4 17 16 171 

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47 KUWn Ema 
88 « Arnyk. 

88 21 BoHfead 
154 120 BrtwofeAnw 
24 15’iEMy lb* 

21 1P» Da -A' 
»*i137 Barn 
ITS a Ena Trot 
278 147 Em 

113 68 E**ntk» 

773 375 ftanamv 
118 81 Fran Si 
223 143 OT Ifeto to 
TO 75 QkWCSNl 
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218 153 ICH 
448 320 MU 
305 tBO U 36 
382 252 MBWCfe Hone 
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284 288 
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760 775 
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+*i 05 

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Shipping gloom 

The physical buft-ahppinq market centimes to suffer from 
severe depression, me Beta: Freight index reflects this, 
having shimped from 1,000 an January 4. 1985 to its 
present 705.5. The Baltic International Freight Futures 
(Biffex}, which trades the index as a futures commocfity, is 
txScatnrg an even more depressing prospect a freight 
market at or below, today's level for at least the next two 
years, with sMghth/ stronger periods In 1988. 

Elements ofo p fimis m for the long-term are derived from 
a shrinking world fleet, decMng orders in the world's 
shipyards and increased scr ap pin g. The futue of the 
wona’s merchant fleet depends on a continuing cftrtnutkxi 
in tonnage available, coupled with a worthwhile increase in 
demand for ships. The latter befog dosehr Snked to the rare 
ol growth of the world economy. Either of these Is possible 
within the next two years. 

In the medium-term, the firmer oR prices wotdd be buHsh 
since the cost of ships fuel is a major important element in 
the freight ratB, but bumper grain crops worldwide and a 
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Edited by Peter Gartland 


Christmas giving, with a bonus 


The Lord may love a 
cheerful giver, but the 
Chancellor prefers a 
regular one. 



The run-up to Christmas is the 
frig fund-gathering season for 
Britain's major charities, 
through card sales, gift cat- 
alogues and collections. But 
the use of covenants is still the 
only means that allows you to 
make the Inland Revenue 
disgorge its money at the same 
time as you do. 

Conditions axe less restric- 
tive than they were. Cov- 
enants for chanties need last 
for only four years (or tech- 
nically mote than three) 
though the old seven-year rule 

still applies elsewhere. What is 
more, covenants are more 
attractive for high earners 
than they used to be, because 
they can claim tax relief at 
their top tax rare. 

The mechanics of the relief 
are simple enough. You need 
£100 before tax to end np with 
£71 after it, once the 29 per 
cent rate applies. So having 
covenanted £100 a year to 
Oxfem, Dr Bamado's or Can- 
cer Relief you actually send 
off £71. The charity collects 
the missing £29 from the 
Inland Revenue. 

But higher rare relief does 
not come automatically. If 
you make that £100 donation, 
and pay a top tax rate of 50 per 
cent, the tax system should 
provide half the money. Even 
if the charily can ci?im hack 1 
£29 automatically, that still 
leaves £21 unclaimed. 

You have to write to your 
tax injector telling him about 
the donation, and once you 
have filled in a form, he 
should either set it against 
other taxable income at the 

end of the year or send yon a 

cheque. But once tire covenant 
is up and running, there 
should be no problems, be- 
cause the tax office should 
adjust your tax code to allow 
for it 

Covenants may be one ma- 
jor route for donations, but 
another is due to start in ApriL 
The Payroll Giving Scheme 
will allow people to give up to 
£100 a year from their pre-tax 
ca Innas, so that foil tax relief 
applies automatically. The 
hope is that people in one part 
of an office will pool their 
funds, and then decide 
through a convenor where the 
money is to go month by 
month. But everyone wift be 
free to make choices 

Companies have to accept 
the scheme first, but there 
should be no complications. 
They will probably just for- 
ward the funds as a block to 
some outside agency, such as 
the Charitable Aid Founda- 
tion (CAF), which wtU then do 
the donkey work of ensuring 
that every donation readies 
the home chosen for it. 

The CAF, at 48 Pembory 
Road, Tonbridge, Kent TN9 
2JD(0732 356323), has played 
that kind of post office role for 
some timn- It receives an 
income of nearly £30 million a 
year from people who have 
maHp charitab le covenants, 
but want to split the money 
among various groups or to be 
free to switch it from one year 
to another. 

People who have given 

mosey to tire CAF get a 
“cheque book” and send off 
money to as many charities as 
they want Bui when the 
payroll giving plan comes in, 
there will probably be a limit 
of eight charities for eveiy set 
of contributors. 

Everyone is spoiled for 
choice. There are more than 
140,000 charities in Britain, 
though many are admittedly 
defunct historical survivals. 
Hie Richard Birkenhead 
Trust, for instance, estab- 
lished in tire 17th century, 
exists to provide “hose and 
shoes” for three men and three 
women in Canterbury — “the 
oldest and most indirent to be 
chosen”. Another group, this 
time in the North, is still there 
to provide 1 6s 8d a year to the 
poor of foe parish, to be paid 
m calico. 

There are 200 charities, 

Geldof could set 
record again 

with an income of £300,000 a 
more, according to a recent 
Keynote report — and the 
overall income of charities is 
£6,000 million. The top 10 
tend to dominate the business. 
Last year Bob Geldof brought 
Band Aid from nowhere to 
number one on the list with an 
income of £56.5 million —and 
be may well set another record 
in 1986, too. 

Usually, however, the^tejp 

10 show comparatively 
change, and grows such as 
Oxfem, the Save the Children 
Fund, the National Trust, the 
Royal National Lifeboat In- 
stitution and the cancer char- 
ities are almost always in it 
Telethons and sponsored 
runs parachute jumps 

may represent the high-profile 
fund-raising, but vast sums 
are still raised through flag 
days, sales of work, coffee 
mornings and the like: But 
attempts by charities such as 
Mencap and Cancer Research, 
to combine giving and invest- 
ment by splitting the benefits 
of unit trust investment be- 
tween saver and charity have 
never really got off the ground. 

The Cancer Research 
scheme is very flexible and 
win work with most of the 
trusts run by Fidelity. Inves- 
tors can covenant the income 
they would normally receive 
to Cancer Research, while 
collecting the capital growth 
themselves. Alternatively, 
they can switch the arrange- 
ment back to front, keeping 
the income but providing 
Cancer Research with tire 
growth, perhaps after then- 

“We have taken in less than 
£100,000 through foe scheme, 
and we're frankly rather 
disappointed,” says Mary 
Blair, of Fidelity. “I know that 
the Mencap trust, run by 
M&G, has not attracted in big 
funds either. That is actually a 
pity for investors. They may 
covenant the income to 
Mencap under the scheme, 
but the trust also has an 
excellent record of capital 

The problem is probably 
psychological. People are 
happy to invest and give to 
charity, but they have the two 
ideas firmly compartmental- 
ized and do not like to mix 

If charities have done badly 
from unit trusts, bequests 
have always provided a steady 
flow of finds, and there is 
even a tax advantage. Inher- 

Muy Main disappointed 

y to 
to a 

nance tax does not 
money which is 
charity . 

Charities themselves must 
have one of four arms — to 
advance religion, to further 
education, to relieve poverty, 
or, in a useful catch-all phrase, 
be designed for some general 
charitable purposes. But they 
have to register with the 

Tax concessions 
still look secure 

Charity Conurtissioaens and 
need a board of trustees to 
ensure that they carry out their 

This year may wdl prove to 
be another record year for tire 
charities, which had assets 
worth £6,000 mfiHas, accord- 
ing to the last set of figures. 
Donations to fimnn* relief 
more than doubled year, 
as Band Aid came on the 
scene, and much of that was 
new money, rather than 
switched contributions. 

The tax concessions look 
secure, though another 
government could withdraw 
tire public schools* charitable 
But «bww they are 
hardly charities in any normal 

The big league with 20 milli on people’s savings 

Well over half the total assets of the 
entire building society industry are 
now controlled by three societies 
following this week's announcement 
of a merger between the Nationwide 
ami the Anglia. 

The Nationwide is Britain's third 
biggest building society and the 
Anglia is tire seventh biggest. The 
merged society, to be known as the 
Nationwide Anglia, will remain the 
third biggest society behind the 
Halifax and tike Abbey National but 
these three mega^odeties wfli now 
represent the combined savings of 
almost 20 mfftkm people. The 
Halifax, Abbey National and 

Nationwide Anglia will also have 
combined total assets of £69 bflUon 
out of a total UK building society 
asset figure of £130 billion. 

The HaKfnr has £27 bSBoa 
assets, eight million savers and 1.5 
million borrowers; the Abbey Na- 
tional has £24 billion assets, 6JZ 
minio n savers and one million 
borrowers; tire Nationwide Anglia 
will have £18 billion assets, 5J5 
million savers and 900,000 

Provided the mer g e r resolution 
goes titroogh — and it is subject (a 
the approval of members of both 
societies — foe new society wfll come 

into being on September 1, 1987. 
Although there is no guarantee of 
members* approval, the merger 
proposal is likely to meet a better 
fa to than t)w* planned fink-sp be- 
tween tire Nationwide and tire 
Woolwich. Moves towards that 
particular merger were abandoned 
in November 1985 before the plan 
was put to members for approval. 

The chief executive of the merged 
society will be Tim MdviOe-Ross, 
who is cunenfly chief general 
manager of the Nationwide. 

Assuming the merger goes 
through three will be a ™H bW 
direct monetary benefit for the 

Anglia’s 304,000 bo r rower s . Tireir 
mo rtgag e rate is one-eighth of one 
per rent higher than that of the 
Nationwide for both repayment and 
endowment mortgages. The rate will 
be brought down to matri x the 

On tite wider front of services to 
members, both societies have been 
active in planning their diversifica- 
tion moves prior to foe wider powers 
they will have when the new 
Bafiding Societies Act comes into 
force on January 1. 

Nationwide has already an- 
■oanced its plans for a national 
network of 350 estate agency offices 

as well as cheque book and money 
transmission services. Earlier this 
month Anglia confirmed its own 
plans for a stockbrokhxg service in 
conjunction with fioare Govett as 
well as an i nt e res t -paying cheque 
account, a cheque guarantee card 
and a personal loan facility of np to 

Both societies will continue to 
develop their diversification plans 
sep arat ely with the intent i on w»Nt 
the full range of services will be 
offered by the merged society. 

Peter Gartland 

Quite a good year 
for satisfied 


r BANKS ) 

Have you ever been short- 
chan^ by a cash card 
machine ? 

Has one ever eaten your 
card without any good reason? 

Has it ever broken down on 

you halfway through a 

For 12 months customers 
have suffered all these 

Complaints about cash ma- 
chines formed the largest 

ate category out of the / ot 
ibles received by the 
ing Ombudsman during 

his first year of existence 
Nearly II per cent, or * 5 - of 
the complaints were about the 

The next largest group — 
comp laints about the irregular 
conduct of bank accounts — 
amounted to only 58, closely 
followed by 54 complaints 
about bank charges. 

The Ombudsman. Ian Ed- 
wards-Jones, QC, said this 
■week, in the scheme’s first 
annual report, that with more 
than 350 m illion cash ma- 
chine transactions a year, a 
few hiccups were virtually 

The ombu ds man system 
was set up by a group of 19 
Hanks at the start of this year 
to act as an independent 
arbitrator for disputes be- 
tween banks and customers 
that the banks* own com- 
plaints procedures had foiled 
to solve. 

It is modelled on the 
successful insurance ombuds- 

The 19 banks between them 
account for 99 per cent of all 
cur rent account customers in 
Britain, so pretty well every- 
one who has a complaint has 
recourse to the ombudsman. 

A year of arbitration: 
lan EdwardsJones 

Bui now complaints that 
arose before the beginning of 
this year qualify for re f err a l to 


or the other, the end of the fun 
arbitration process. 

Virtually all of these, more- 
over, were in fovour of the 
customer. Yet Mr Edwards- 
Jones said that in no case did 
any bank admit that it was at 

The impression one gets is 
that although banks were 

In the first year of opera- 
tion, the scheme has produced 
some curious results. 

The large majority of com- 
plaints were withdrawn, and 
only 26 were settled under the 
scheme. Not a single one went 
as for as the ombudsman 
making an award to one side 

happy to settle the disputes — 
all of which involved very 
small amounts of money — 
just to get troublesome cus- 
tomers off their backs, they 
hardly felt stirred by a deep 
desire for justice. 

Richard Thomson 

Banking Correspondent 


Bid War Qng YU 

401. Si Jeftn tom London BC1V 4QE 
0*437 80* 

1089 11. <7 
1067 1124 
11-67 111 t 
HtS 11» 
1603 1172 







+ .. 






11J7 1139 
1109 12.17 
KM 1123 
1405 1504 
1401 1158 

133.7 USA 








90 H BBertM Rd. 
0202 292S73 

’ find Inc 
i Accum 
1 Fond 
Mena Fund 
PTOpkf Ser* 

toumeaaoudi BHB BAL 

Caw Sard 
Moony Ser 4 
Ftasd bn Fd Ser 4 
American Ser 4 
ffah he Sot 4 
m anned m. Sara 
Japan Ser 4 

201 J 2114 
291.0 2905 
1019 106.1 
1116 1106 
2811 251.7 
221-3 2310 
2220 234-4 
1103 121A 
3518 3704 
1907 2092 
1905 2000 
1714 1815 
2604 2742 
2908 3002 
IIOI 1109 
2412 2500 

+ 0.1 



+ 2-0 



+ 0.1 










1 Daria, Lana, Potwa Bar 
0707 429(1 

7145 7525 +124 .. 
2100 2209 -15 .. 

EOTty R) Ago 

Eircpaws Fd A 

Hud bn Ace 2900 3000 +15 . . 

GW Moray Fd Acc 2030 2140 +03 .. 

hd Man ftt Aoc 3424 3005 -07 .. 

M Fad H Fd AQB 1940 1044 - 0.1 . . 

jwaiFtand 2883 2834 -02 .. 

MMmaricsiHAcc 1304 1711 -15 .. 

Prop Fd Ace 2070 2118 +02 .. 

Mtftfahrfac 5240 5522 +42 .. 

AWtaja Aaairanea Swtodon am IB. 


E*4qr Actum wnj bulb 
P roperty Accun 3100 3358 
Far Eos Acorn 1672 1710 
Managed Capo* 3i5j 3324 
DoACCUT! 5137 5405 

O w aa ai A«um 4170 4380 
OH Edged Accun 2EB4 270.1 
Amar SjUty Actum 3780 3879 
Amw Man Accum 1790 1964 
Amor Pm p Aeon 1304 137-3 










Managed Orem 


2MB, Ageraarta Sam London W1X 4AO 
01-483 9899 

265.7 299 2 
1195 124.7 
205-8 2167 
1595 1678 
2D70 2182 
1063 1118 
1968 204 .0 

Hfri in co me 
Income 6 Qtwffi 

Far Easton 

" “ Co* 



1680 >770 +3380 

2G2. Romtoed FKL London E7 BJB 
0+634 5544 

4984 4815 

I Actum 

a Edged. 

M e n -em u l Aocun 
Managed Aeon 

Money Accun 
Do Mum 

Audi Mb Aocun 
Do Mu 
Knandst Aeon 
BOO Aceom 
Do MM 

Japan SGan acc 2 
To MM2 

Du MM 
Leisure Aeon 
Spec* Sts Accun 
Sw fecft Accwa 
Do MM 

195-0 3051 
1715 180.9 
277.8 2825 
3*12 2560 

302.1 3161 
2945 2755 
1764 1817 

160.1 1960 
2069 2175 
1785 18SL4 
105 132.7 
IdZ 5 T71A 
1565 1715 
MSS 1535 
2055 2165 

153.1 1925 
2205 2312 
107 2019 
3265 3434 
2848 2985 
3425 2ES5 
214J SE8 3 
1412 157.1 
1210 1295 

1014 HB5 




+ 0.1 














+ 1.1 







3408. M (Tfit OMn 
0884 406161 

etaefc Hone Man Fd 36077 
Managed Im Find 2500 2611 

Proper^ Fund if 05 1021 

Rud Mama Fund 1727 1515 


Cash Find 1674 1762 

tame Fund 3312 3485 
Ena Income Fund JWJ 331.1 
Woddwrida CkMb Fd 3328 3504 
BataneadFuod 2904 3057 
Sn» CD's A Re Fd 3818 3606 
Kir 7aehnofcgy Rial 3272 AM A 
N AmerS Oen Rjnd 2103 2214 
Bm M Ram 1168 mo 
Paddc Bask Fund 2*+7 2572 
















ftaai National Ufa Hog* pwimmuM Road 
W RFflB 3TP 

H a yw aiito Heart ww tea I 
0444 <741- ' 



Rood feaueat 


2084 2164 
172-1 1&10 
2422 2545 
2775 2925 

1337 M07 
IMA ' 

1362 1602 


2-6. High SL Romm Bar. Nora 

EM Mer Ong Yld 


1718 1620 
1274 1342 
1285 1355 
HOT 1152 
1963 1992 
1372 1452 
1961 1961 
2260 2372 



Did Bra** Acorn 3262 3484 
2 nd tugh kK^Acam 

2932 3004 
2nd Property' Actum 2125 2258 
2nd Managed AdC 2*60 2803 
2no OapoMAcuan 1762 1564 
2nd Q» Atom 1705 1B0.4 
Bid Aanar Accun 2517 2B63 
2nd M Money Ac 1967 2011 
2nd MM Accm 107 J 1133 
aw Far Earn Accun 2054 2205 
aw GUM Accum 103-4 1064 
aw Euro Accum 1102 t165 
2W Japen Accun 11S1 1218 
aw 0*4 Pane Ac i057 m2 
aw Emu Pena Ac 1U4 1*1.1 
aw jmi Pern Ac 1207 1277 
LAE sf 11+0 1205 

Do 2 742 715 



+ 0.1 













Sena* Hcuaa. 500 A«tiury SM 
„Cn* Attw Koynea MKO SLA 

Property Fuw 1169 1252 

Money Ww Z265 Z3&8 

Manapad Fund 41Z3 <3*-7 

Eqmhr Find 2B2JJ 2765 

Fbmrf haaren Rmd mos 1484 

FtrEaWFuW.. 2166Z302 

NO) Amar Raid 1717 1808 

N» Rasouroes Fuw i486 1575 

SUM Flog Rmd I860 1422 

POT Fund ma 1404 

+08 .. 
+45 .. 
415 .. 
+ 1.1 .. 
+22 .. 
-12 .. 

♦75 - 
-18 .. 

0272 290566 
Aasuwoa (Mi 


ft£?& mlMeneC4P4BD 

Cw> UMKey 1517 

C« LdePacamakro 10489 

1238 1267 

202 2S67 
M 1502 1675 

?I*J 2XJ 

cap 3534 3721 
Mr 3805 4115 


GMUjJli AW Cap 1669 1778 

SSS! 1967 

*WX Op 1145 1205 

CMfSjij&CB few 1265 1335 
OOWkMenOp 2345 2*05 
CML0»en£Uan few 2698 2710 

a JJSrtSJ U“*VMl aa 

01-283 7300 
Var fm Apcun 
Vfer AM 


Prtae- M Equfty 

Pnma- fewm-Untod 
Prime- Ceah 



227-5 2365 
2610 2684 
1949 2052 
I2M T32J 
132.1 139.1 
979 1011 
122.7 12U 








*2^^ un,an ' KSA ''* 


611.1 6495 +28 

7578 7977 -17 

E2T.103 +042 


Ouwn Hcua-WchfeiB 0(121 TXW 

04962 6033 

}14 - 5 3310 
UK FStaa Zfl Aecum 2095 2208 
Uja BMiy Accme 3602 4002 
t-de Moop A«m» 17*7 199.1 
Ula few itun Accum 4164 4368 

WWMMBai 3614 5SQ4 

Sro>wi Equly 4904 SK2 
DBS Mmagad 1672 1970 
GraertK Acorn 2062 2161 








+ 0.1 


H oa CMg w 


08*2 921311 
Becme fund 1034 1098 
Bue GHp RaW 1228 1865 
Advaraurau* FM 1472 1550 

P ecta um nce EM 1607 


1 Tht—yeetM S*. Low 
01-688 1212 
CBfllMi— 1 (Ms 1572 1634 

+19 484 


Aman dw H oed. HOT Wyccmha 
0*94 33377 
IKEfeAfeil . . 

tfegtier Incane FUW 

Property FM 2641 2780 
RwIMaMM 2240 Z357 
tadMJJnlcad Sea Fd 1Q29 1063 
Old DapcaB FM 1772 1866 
N*> ArtNrica Fund 2*11 2533 
Far Gsta FuW 2SSJ 3067 
Birope FmW • 237 6 250.1 

kaematoMFM 2325 3060 
Meed Fund a*S5 3618 


33 : 


-25 . 

-08 . 
+14 . 

Mrfvan End, Dcrttng RH4 10A 
0308 996055 

1161 1254 
176B 1019 
1834 1720 
1202 1205 
1002 1055 
.... 1542 1SZ4 

ACC 1718 1804 
1875 1452 

OT Eq W 
SM iiratda W p . 




lUMnde-UM Aoc 
UEMbad Accuml 






19 FtaCunr 
01-990 9161 

CfecuA. London EC2M 7DJ 

ST Plan Done Fund 1958 1961 
or FMI N* YiaM 192 2 2C24 
ST FNn Far EaM 2l&0 2263 
or Han North Aomr 1413 1509 
OTPMlUKAOE 252.2 2658 
ST Plan wertoMda 23Z3 3077 







portfolio ure 

CRMabrook SL Chaahum Harta 
PCrtWo W Acs 

Da k< 

Do few a 

00 00 _ 
R**d M On 
Mfer Man 



4120 4335 
*060 2145 
1462 157.1 
1157 1210 
1118 1172 
1115 1195 
1125 1167 
165.1 1719 
1465 1565 










- 0.1 

UMT _ 

2-0. Prince at waMa Road. Bo m na ui afln 

Ma na ged Bond — _ 

Morwy FuW 1998 

' - Fund 9515 3704 

_ Manet FM 1390 1*65 

f+Operty FUW ZNJ 2315 




♦ 1.1 


Amarican & QaaM 2935 296 7 
tacoma 3S2B 3770 

In temebonN ttwft 3078 3248 
CapM Fund 3824 40*5 

Raecwery FM 8627 Z^8 
Jm<Omnl 163J 1725 






London EC3 


am Prop BM 


Da a 

Og Aeeun 

Mi AmarfeNH 

Do Accum 
Pwafit USW 
Oo Accun 

Property kWU 
Do Aeeun 

Do Acam 

Do Acorn 

26. FMuty Square. Londco ECO IDA 
01-038 5757 

Hkfi tan FuW 2002 2747 +61 

Gw Edged FM 662 900 +24 

feic 237.1 2503 -05 

- MOV PM 1611 1M.I -09 

Mutimam 1324 W +15 

Special StuMn* 3870 M&3 +08 

SfeJ oar CTwg YW 

Marti America And 2362 2*64 
Fm Eaaf Fund 9680 3665 
Ma n aped FM 3DUB 3163 
DmmFM 142-2 1497 

Prime nu ida n da l 1761 1575 
Praparty Fund 1469 1575 
pd Curency 1118 1178 
HarthCaro 1297 1369 







MLA Toner, HOT 

rn-eos 054 

A rM a nH o Head. Croydon 

Security FM 
fc a a ma feo nN FM 

Propui y Sariaa W 


HnWSeW'* 1 


Mamoad Urdu 

rtitii+Bd r 


Ml -A’ 

Money Unaa 
_ iPund 

Id Seas FUW 
Baupetn FM 
Not*] ftee FM 
Fm &N flaw 
SoadM aro Fond 
Man Cuienqr And 
Jepmmt IMcft 

2560 2715 
2168 2595 
2918 3067 

2098 2207 

2515 2945 
2897 3155 
2285 2305 
39M 3767 
2965 2514 
2742 2587 

1970 2064 

4710 5030 
9625 2975 
1730 162 2 
222.1 2965 

3210 3375 

19X7 2018 
1054 1110 
4645 4715 
1545 19*0 

3975 4077 

3002 3160 
2*15 2140 
1695 1864 
1461 1570 











+ 6.1 



♦ 1.1 












(frondi FM (*) 2617 2645 +3.1 

(JM Lfetad Man 9*65 2595 +24 

UUtUrtaed Riea fee SOLO 2157 +12 

LkttUAadSccCMp 1604 1760 +02 
Un* Unked Eq Fd 6540 5815 +1.1 
UNI Lkdtad Prop Fd 1795 1875 +02 

Luybow House. 20. C Nc art SL London 6C1 
01-638 1781 

prop M OOT 1 2661 3001 

Prop ModuMa Oft 3960 *\7A 
Prop Mod GBi 8ar 2 1811 1827 
Prop Mad Q*t Ser 3 1830 1825 
BkJS CWp Series 1 2113 2245 
Staa aw sense 2 3350 3420 
Btae OUp Series 3 3345 362.1 
Manege* Seriee 1 S764 7145 

MBBSQSd 8ertaa 2 2665 7X7-3 

iOTi£«3 Serin* 3 2HSJJ 2783 
QabtaUtnagad 3 2950 3005 

Gtotai Property 3 15*0 

GtobW ftted fed 3 2520 2650 

QUO* 3 328-8 3*0.1 

.SWOT CfrNl 3 1205 1295 

Mgb few Serie* 6 3427 6975 



Sfrsai EdnOTOT 2YH 


F YcV 



High Tecnnobgy 

2116 232.1 

+05 .. 

254.1 2695 

+4.1 .. 

1861 2004 

-03 .. 

1420 1501 

+00 .. 

1801 1609 

+07 .. 

2990 3170 

+37 .. 

1311 1470 

-30 .. 

2009 2138 

660 710 

+05 .. 

1905 1905 

-14 .. 

1205 1278 

+OI .. 

984 1010 

+20 .. 

1024 1075 

-25 .. 

2 . Mortadcni Rd. 
0273 724689 

8oc Lnfed Im 



mwtado Part. Exa**r 


few Truet ftp 
Do Accu* 

Prop+ty Cap 
Do Accum _ 

Ffrud feaataai Cv 
Do Accm 


Op Aetna 
tsmau MOp 
Da Accum 














- 0.1 





Bid Oflr Ong m 

QW Oapaafe Cap 1472 

_Do Accm 1725 +0.1 

Ptaant cm, 2 * 37 +a.i 

Do Acorn 2980 +25 

Moneymaker FM 2304 +10 

CNMttowdtFM 7367 +102 



Tbear HN EC3R 6BQ 

Amer M aoc 
A nar Bee Bond 
AnwrSmfe Co Bond 

Ccmuwaty Bond 

Dapoea Bond Acc 

E ouay Bond Ac y* 
Baopen BM Acc 
EwnYW Bd Aocuu 
Fm EM Btf Accuai 
ON BM Accum _ 
QOW Bond Accun ■ 

Huh VWd Bond 

Japan Bend Acc 

Japan Sro » Co AOC 

flee Bond Atom 
Furty BM Accun 

207 29*4 

2503 2692 

1W5 1111 
1440 1815 
1462 1567 
2178 2969 

5660 5895 

1923 1814 
3007 3221 
1435 1665 
23*0 2365 
1017 1009 
2200 2310 

1172 1202 

3095 3802 
2100 2204 
1618 1064 
4T7J *387 
2618 2960 


-a* .. 





-15 .. 
+25 612 
+05 .. 
+07 .. 
+08 -- 
-07 .. 
+67 .. 
-05 .. 
+65 .. 

MQM HM HaCna Hd. Vtartfag BN11 2BY 

UK EouKy FuW 
O Accun 


Do Accun 19*0 

SpaM Stt FM 1961 
Do Accun 152.1 

north Anertam W 1665 
Oa Accum 1995 

PesBcBaMIM 9020 
Do Accum 3327 

FMhdarosMM 16*9 
Do Acorn 2057 

ft upany Raid iu0 
Do Accum 1255 

DeooaB FM 1110 
. DoAeuan 1224 
TAan aged FM 177.1 
OcAceutn 1969 

2 0*8 




























BJ 6787 
B.1 2727 

0496 1 


OTcdort FM 3160 6K.7 

OapOTfFUW 1B24 *027 

fr W BB Ui a m FM 1617 1995 

fe C CMdo OTROT 3695 4305 

UenHom. 333 Mre a Croydan 
01-099 9171 

ftoperW 29S5 +0.1 

Butty Bond 1904 +15 

fefcney MartM Bong 272.1 +17 

Daywafe FM 2277 fOI 

Managed FM 2302 +18 

kW E&Sr 3C27 +05 

ha llauiui l 2719 +10 

Norm Amarieui 122.7 -14 

Far EmU 2B32 +15 

feel CUiency 1665 +1.1 

46 OtaxtuMdi St EC3PBM 
01-623 4200 



Far Ebb 



2S25 1960 +00 

2975 3137 +67 

2925 2974 -07 

2*24 345.1 -1.7 

299-2 3160 +17 

1203 135.1 
«22 1915 +08 

1094 1165 -0-1 

1298 1962 +61 

PC Be* 4, Ha rmtco MM SUB 



-JPOT Fundi 
Raed fed FM 
Depose fuw | 

LfrtfeLfeM I 

9967 7015 
CUM 1176 
3022 3162 
3190 3327 
1994 2100 
1364 14*5 






few prop Ota 
Do Apjttn 
few Ecfeity 
few IMnagad 

1295 1368 
2095 2204 

Si S3 

357.1 3155 




+S. long re 
01-626 9676 


WaN9i Adurad 3642 3729 
Ebor Pnaonec Ecrty 2695 2863 

bw asm a*e w 

Property Accum 
fefejney Aocun 

Jepwi Ora*® Aoc 
N Aa 


Man OTrti Acoau 1845 19*5 
riinp«an Aeon 965 818 

1610 1715 
804 905 
1144 1207 
1W0 1218 
1017 M75 
910 655 
VO.1 M78 
588 925 










25/31. MoorpMa UaWen EC2B I 


2214 2321 
183.1 2038 
2935 3061 



aNOM 1084 1164 

IQS feW 994 106.1 

Eqrty OTO 2645 £785 

MM 2305 8*25 

IZL5 1968 






44*0 <724 +07 .. 

2002 2110 +04 .. 

3034 2144 +04 .. 

8040 6370 +05 .. 

FM ttO &0A *2S .. 

OTf l OTBOT 2640 2924 +25 .. 

HJQh heaps 3260 3425 +7.1 .. 

FCT EOT 3004 3200 +61 .. 

2 <14 2580 +65 .. 

4064 4285 +447 -- 

*148 2200 -45 — 

Bora income FUW 1934 ISIS +63 .. 

SB FM 8> M14 2969 +45 .. 

totem Ban. EC1N 2OT . 
01-405 9222 

1805 1965 

MacgN FiaW 

2127 2219 +14 

2565 26B5 +29 

1345 «10 +09 

3064 335 -Cl . 

1719 1827 +18 

UMM Sums FM 1344 1414 -4.1 

Bfc FM 1918 1602 +05 

Money FM 1265 1328 

Laui N oma, OnydDn Cfl9 1LU 
01-680 0606 
Property FM 


ABaay Nu fiud.W 


haw IA) 












AcauOT L_ . 















MaroefronN fiaW 389.1 




Aaun 1338 UU 
MOTDH Jfenn 14*5 1 





I. Rwb^Au. LMOOEC2M 20V 

BN few FM 3BS *060 +15 

Deport FM a 2217 2357 +02 

Ok FM Z750 291.1 *14 

Oobrt Eaiiy haw 1305 1360 +64 

Praparty Fund m SS5 SUa +C1 

AO Sand FM 90* 067 -05 

SjtarMaHn, RriUMiB 
0705 827733 

BW Oflar Ong VU 

160 SlVtaas SL Qtngoar 
04*848 Z32S 

3078 3214 
1755 19*5 
2*1.1 2535 
1318 1363 
1290 1468 
2374 2495 







^ 8,1 • 
031 S6 9101 

N9*nM EL EdfeWMi EKt 1YE 
031-225 2211 



8167 6*05 

K». Si VkawotSCSNeuw 
041-2*9 9321 ' 

Safely FM 11T0 1238 

(frowth Fund TSB7 1310 

OpporW* Fund 1300 1390 
Cart FM 10*0 1104 

Euopaan FM 20*5 2157 
Oca &Ffed fed FM 1025 1094 
feWanrUnfead FM 975 1025 
1584 1663 
1167 1220 
107-6 2061 
1030 1093 
1220 1260 
1365 M17 




RaeMc FuW 











BS1 -i 

Artdran* Sq. EMUffi BO TfA 


1545 1625 
1661 1750 
1970 7S69 
1112 1194 
1107 1165 
1005 1060 
1145 1209 








sc p n aH MD ore i 

SS. 6 **"* s** 6 «u 

03VOSS 0000 

feta W 1 4720 -10 

►ta PU 2 *360 4590 -10 

£ MJ 4255 4*84 -15 

ggffgrt — 

w a m atien u FUW 2614 Z758 ... 

dl n ae a al FUW 1724 1SS0 +07 
hod 110.1 1160 -87 

Cart FM 1945 141.7 +02 



^Mfeer Me. Nalam Qua. Sonototm I 

0703 334*11 

Mfeuged Aocun 

feaw na a urt Aocuu 

s?ss ■ 

aertmora ■ 

H ende um TB 
1S8 Alanagedu 
Nurt Euopaan 

CS Pfea Aeowi 

§ 4 reu 

5 2500 
3 2705 
1895 164.1 
T»7 1907 
1267 1333 
1315 1365 
16*0 192.1 
M68 15*5 
121.7 1261 

T& 3 * 1 






10 II— 
mi 1705 
1701 17S0 







+15 .. 

Motor* Ett 2XZ 




3445 3960 
1890 IBM 
ageg set 
6707 9908 
2961 3155 
114.1 1262 
1604 16M 







San ANanot Hrt. 
0*03 6*141 
Hangad RfW 

kidn Lfrdaad PuW 





3960 3945 
4613 4788 
2410 2545 
IBM 1560 
2675 2618 
3918 3702 
124.1 120.7 
1754 184.7 
1768 IflU 
52.1 664 


+25 .. 

^ :: 

» :: 
+03 .. 

& " 


-08 659 
-U .. 


23 A CoOTur SL SVI1Y 6BH 

Sh&f “ 

Orowtii ArwouW 




PuW Atsuu 3148 237.1 

5S :: 
& :: 

EM Offer O mg YW - 

Prop And Atxun 
Ftaad fed Fd Acc 
few FUW Aocuu 
Money FM Accun 
feWMifcd Sea Acc 
Para Ban* Accoud 
Pmm Ungd Accun 
Me GuamdM 
Pans Equity 
Pan* Proparty 
Pane Ffrufl fed 

: MDnay 
i WH J* ) 

1495 1574 
1515 1595 
2961 3119 
1307 137.5 
1115 1175 

3718 3918 
1111 1111 
137.7 1460 
1118 1175 
1155 1220 
1375 1458 
1145 1207 
990 1042 











♦ 1.1 





H " 

Jama Barton. Bristol BS99 78L 


fed Accun 
feWex-Lfrtaad Aocum 
CM Accun 
Aruer Eawy Accum 
US Bends Accum 


Far Eastern Aocuu 
hdwnaftmw Aocun 
US Do 

EuoCur Accun 
DtsUWodon FM 

434.1 4570 
2165 2260 
5910 8118 
1010 201-7 
1110 1175 
1825 1925 
2001 210.7 
1390 1464 
2900 3438 
1469 1547 
4345 4578 
386-1 3854 
969 1058 
1267 1385 
1178 1340 
17Z2 1915 
1063 1151 

+18 .. 
+0-1 .. 
+70 .. 
+03 .. 
+07 .. 
+02 .. 
-14 .. 
-03 .. 
+19 .. 
+00 .. 
+4.4 .. 
-25 .. 
-01 .. 
♦0.1 .. 
-05 .. 
-08 954 
-18 .. 


JOTna Ftaaat AMoeer. Hart SP» IPG 
IBS* 56799 

fertnagad FuW 1467 t535 +04 

P rt W +rty FM _ 1167 1261 

Rued Wme Raw 1204 12S-B -02 

Uonay Fuw 1185 1246 

EUWy Fund 1914 2015 *05 


IWS^3ESS R “'*^' a “ 





+ 15 











+ 2.1 




Serin 2 Man FM 2655 Z7B2 
guOT2&»4tyRnW 314.1 3308 

2 Prop Pww 2910 3063 
Rx hd Fund 2118 

S*rin2FUU._„ „„ - rl T 
Sarin 9 Money Fap IMS 1S30 
serin 2 Can Fd 2795 2M8 
Trip fenwst Furw 8861 313J 
TtAp Mangd FM 3820 3810 

Mnod^ft fed 3475 »05 
w» Auaan 2961 3145 








London Road. 
_ - find 

SM Managed 

Mgri^VtaS Fund 


Oumffi Cap 
Oo AM» 
Pfenwawt a c» 
U andera un Ac) 

3078 ms 
■ 2814 2965 
m; 3*05 
=75 2718 
3243 342.1 
4024 4232 
3330 3*61 
WM 3769 
1561 1944 
1410 4508 

N 600600 
♦14 .. 
+10 .. 
♦Ol .. 
-45 .. 
+50 ., 
+3.1 .. 
+18 .. 
*02 .. 
-03 .. 
+10 .. 
♦10 .. 
+15 .. 
+08 .. 

*0i. St jam Sfewet 
9 London EC1V 0+037 6*84 


UK fe em e urtt 

s ?ar 




CM Deport 



Star Mngd 4 




2113 2217 
1970 1765 
2814 2965 

12-1 *B» 

1255 1528 
1098 1155 

1998 Iml 
2065 2174 














Egg™**"- Stas rate Meta* an sot 


*220 4445 
B12J 8*5.9 



. 1 3 * 1 1 
2994 2635 

N Amgrtean f? 1 
Bra Fuw 

MM Sf 

2141 226* 











j' -’-Hi 

i V'pjife r-. 

^ gOQH>^ 

ye at 

' to nie r " 



What do you really know about money? 

I- Co nsigner protection is 
currratly a major talking point 
m the financi a l services in- 
‘Wy- Who is the chairman 
of the Securities and Invest- 
ments Board? 

(?? Sh Kenneth Benin 
(b) Michael Howard 
(w Sh Nicholas Goodison 
(d) Mark Weinberg 

2. Regidered plan managers 
will be free to offer Personal 
Equity Hans (PEPs) from 
January I. What is the maxi- 
mum annual amount that an 
indivi dual can invest in a 

(a) £2,400 

(b) £4,800 
(C) £6,300 
(d) No Hmit 

3. The forerunner of the 
Business Expansion Srhpwn* 
was known by a different 
name. What was it? 

(a) Divestment I nco me 

(b) Business Start-up 

(c) Industrial Building 

(d) Life Assurance Premium 

4. British Gas shares were 
initially offered to the public 
at a price of 13Sp, partly paid. 
But when the Pathfinder 
Prospectus was published a 
maximum price had been 
quoted. What was it? 

(a) 50p 

(b) 125p 
(d) 150p 

5. In 1986 the Department for 
National Savings celebrated a 
milestone in its history. In 
which year was National Sav- 
ings founded? 

(a) 1861 

(b) 1886 

(c) 1914 

(d) 1969 

6. Who is the chairman of the 
world-famous insurance mar- 
ket, Lloyd's of London? 

(a) Sir Jeremy Morse 

(b) Peter-Cameron Webb 

(c) Peter Miller 

(d) Sir Peter Green 

MjO tsi &JL. 

— / ITS (RrfT A 


How much do yon think yon really know 
about unit trusts, insurance, pensions, 
building societies or other subjects that 
generally come under the heading of 
personal finance, and how quick are you 
to spot the names of key personalities in 
the personal finance world? 

The Family Money CHAMPAGNE 
CHRISTMAS quiz consisting of 20 
questions is designed to test your 
knowledge in a serious manner - 
though- not too serious, of course. 

The first all-correct entry form drawn 
from a hat will win a magnum of 
magnificent Krag Grande Cuv6e 

The next five all-correct entries will 
each win a bottle of Krug Grande Cuvee 
champagne, and the next 10 all-correct 

entries will each receive a £15 book 


Against each of the 20 questions shown 
below we have provided four possible 
answers — a, b, c or d. Only one of the 
answers is correct. All you have to do is 
select the correct answer and write a, b, 
c or d in the boxes numbered 1 to 20 at 
the bottom of the entry form. 

Then send yonr completed entry to 
The Editor, Family Money, The Times, 
1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN, 
to arrive at this address not later than 
Wednesday, December 31, 1986. 

The names of winners will be 
published on Saturday, January 10, 

7. At 29 per cent, die standard 
rate of income lax is now 
below the 30 per cent rate of 
capital gains for foe first time. 
But when was capital gains tax 

(a) 1939 

(b) 1965 

(c) 1974 

(d) 1982 

8. Unit trust funds under 
management have increased 
substantially in recent years. 
At the end of October, what 
did the fin«fc under 

ment amount to? 

(a) £29.9 million 

(b) £90 J mfihon 

(c) £8.7 billion 

(d) £29.9 bfifion 

9. In June 1985 foe Govern- 
ment announced it was phas- 
ing out a central part of foe 
pensions structure. It sub- 
sequently agreed to keep it in a 
mo dified form. Which of the 
following was going to be 
phased our? 

(a) The State Eanrings-Re- 
laied Pension Sch eme 

(b) Additional Voluntary 

(c) The Occupational Pen- 
sions Board 

(d) Buy-out bonds 

10. Which of the clearing 
banks has launched a touch- 
screen, instant dealing service 
for British Gas shares? 

(a) Barclays 

(b) Lloyds 

(c) Midland 

(d) National Westminister 


11. 1986 has been the year of 
foe acronym. One of the 
following is not a proposed 
self- regulatory organization. 
Which is it? 


(b) BIB A 


(d) AFBD 

12. Of which UK investment 
trust was the disgraced Ameri- 
can arbitrageur Ivan Boesky 
until recently chairman? 

(a) GT Japan 

(b) Cambrian & General 

(c) Yeoman 

(d) Ailsa 

13. Which pop star recently 
became chairman of a finan- 
cial advice company? 

(a) Cliff Richard 

(b) Gary Glitter 

(c) Adam Faith 

(d) Helen Shapiro 

14. The Insurance Ombuds- 
man Bureau has had only one 
ombudsman since its 
formation in 1981. Who is 

(a) James Haswefi 

(b) Ernest Saunders 

(c) Sir Kenneth Newman 

(d) Ian EdwardsJones 

15. In which year did gold hit 
its peak price in US dollar 

(a) 1986 

(b) 1974 
<c) 1980 
(d) 1981 

16. 1986 was foe year of Big 
Bang, bat Big Bang had its 
origins in a pact between the 
chai rman of the Stock Ex- 
change »nd a government 
minister back in 1983. Who 
was the government minister? 

(a) Sir Geoffrey Howe 

(b) Cecil Parkinson 

(c) Leon Brittan 

(d) Sir Keith Joseph 

17. The maximum mortgage 
loan on which tax relief could 
be claimed on the interest 
dement was raised to £30,000. 
In which year did this become 

(a) 1968 

(b) 1974 

(c) 1983 

(d) 1985 

18. The self-employed and 
others in non-pensionable 
employment who were bom in 
1 934 and later can pay up to a 
certain percentage of their 
earnings into a retirement 
annuity contract. What is this 

(a) 10.45 percent 

(b) 17 J percent 

(c) 25.6 per cent 

(d) 30 per cent 

19. Which continental Euro- 
pean market recorded the 
biggest stock market index rise 
in the first 1 1 months of 1986 
to the end of November? 

(a) Spain 

(b) Italy 

(c) France 

(d) Germany 

20. On which date did foe 
Dow Jones Industrial Average 
touch its low point for 1986 in 
the period January i to 
November 30? 

(a) January 22 

(b) April 9 

(c) September 18 

(d) October 27 


1. Employees of 77ra Times, News International, 
London Post (Printers) Ltd and their families are not efi- 
gibte to enter. 

2. Entries will be limited to one per person and must be 
made on an official entry form. Photocopies are not 

3. Entries must be received at the office of The Times by 
Wednesday. December 31, 1986. 

4. Proof of posting will not be accepted as evidence of 


5. The Editor’s decision In all matters fs final and no 
correspondence will be entered hto. 





My choices are: 

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 

15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 

Send your completed entry form to: The Editor, Family 
Money, The Times, 1 Pennington Street, London El 
9XN, to arrive not later than Wednesday, December 

31, 1986. 



■ - 

toolatetoask YaPl 
James Capel 
JggQto help you with 

Before your family receives a penny from your 
estate the executors have to pay the Inland Revenue 
any Inheritance Tax due and, feced with a large bill for 
Inheritance Tax. your executors may have to seD some 
of your property 

In the end the Inland Revenue could benefit more 
than the individual members of your family. 

If that’s not the way you want your ^tate distri- 
buted, you should talk to James Capel without delay 


SSSSSSS life assurance, pensions and unit 
it’s available now to all our clients. 

Well be happy to send you a copy of our book- 
let ‘Iaheri tance **Tax Planningf-just send off the 


Advice beyond 

7 ®ii 

/““f ^A7Ja Tvltuhone: Ol-CT OOll/ W L 

L-**. # 

•torita.coTaxPtan.nii / 

i 7 xSkebk III 

A£lpBFjiS_ — — / ***<■ III 


| 1H-SU- — — - 

I--— — — 

An All-Out Capital Growth Investment for ¥>u 

F RAMLINGTON European Fund aims 
for m aximum capital growth through 
investment in shares quoted on the 
principal European stock markets. 

Europe is -now one of the most popular 
areas for investment. But it is a diverse and 
complex market: for investment success strong 
links with the continent are highly desirable. 
Framlington’s are with Credit Commercial de 
France, enabling us to combine CCF’s expertise 
and knowledge of the European market with 
our own eminently effective approach to long 
term capital growth. 

Our special style is to concentrate on smaller 
companies and try to identify those with really 
good growth prospects before the rest of the 
market recognises their promise, aiming for 
exceptional capital growth performance. 

The manager of the fund is Philippe Herault, who 
has been seconded from Credit Commercial de 
France. He is our link into CCF’s research, while 
working in London with the other Firamlington 
fund managers. 

The fund has a bias towards smaller com- 
panies: it is, for example, authorised to invest 
in the French Second Marche. 

The geographical split of the fund is currently 
as follows: 





Spain • 




27 per cent 
27 per cent 
15 percent 
13 per cent 
10 per cent 
5 per cent 
2 percent 
1 percent 


European Fund was launched in February at 
50.0p per unit. By 1st December the offer price 
of units had risen 44 per cent to 72.0p per unit. 
The estimated gross yield was 0.80 per cent. 

On an offer-to-bid basis the rise has been 
36.4 per cent in 287 days. This is an excellent 

result, reflecting both the strength of European 
markets during the period and the skill of the 
manager: But it should not be used to predict 
future performance. 

Investors should regard all unit trust invest- 
ment as long term. They are reminded that the 
price of units and the income from them can go 
down as well as up. 

You can make a lump sum investment simply 
by completing the form below and sending it 
to us with your cheque. Units are allocated at 
the price ruling when we receive your order, 
rounded up in your favour to the nearest whole 
unit. The minimum investment for a lump sum 
is £500. There is a discount of 1 per cent for 
investments of £10,000 or more. 


S tarting a monthly savings plan is 
equally easy. The minimum is £20 
per month, with a discount of 1 per 
cent for contributions of £100 or 
more. Accumulation units are used and are 
allocated at the price ruling on the 5th of 
each month. To start your plan, complete the 
application and send it with your cheque for 
the first contribution. Subsequent contribu- 
tions are by the direct debit mandate which 
we shall send to you for your signature. 

Until 18th February 1987 you may use a British Gas letter 
of acceptance as part of your remittance. Your shares will 
be sold free of commission at the price ruling when the 
renounced letter is received and the proceeds used to buy 
units. You should complete the application form leaving 
the amount to be invested blank and send it together with 
your signed British Gas letter of acceptance and any 
cheque. Remember that the minimum lump sum invest- 
ment is £500. Your first contribution to a savings plan 
can be any amount. 

Applications will be acknowledged: certificates for 
lump-sum investments will be sent by the registrars. 
Lloyds Bank Pic. normally within 42 days. 

The minimum initial investment is £500. Units may 
be bought and sold daily. Prices and yields are published 
daily in leading newspapers. When units are sold back to 
the managers payment is normally made within 7 days of 
receipt of the renounced certificate. Savings plans can 
be cashed in at any rime. 

Income net of basic rate tax is distributed to holders 
of income units annually on 2 5 July 

The annual charge is 17o ( + VAT) of the value of the 
fund. The initial charge, which is included in the offer 
price, is 57o. 

Commission is paid to qualified intermediaries at the 
rate of 1*4% ( + VAT), but not on savings plans. 

The trust is an authorised unit crust constituted by 
Trust Deed. It ranks as a wider range security under the 
Trustee Investments Act. 1961. The Trustee is Dqyds 
Bank Pic. The managers are Framlington Unit 
Management Limited, 3 London Wall Buildings, 
London EC2M 5NQ. Telephone 01-628 5181. 
Telex 8812599. Registered in England No 895241. 
Member of the Unit Trust Association. 

This offer is not open to residents of the Republic of 




I wish to invest 

I wish to start a Monthly Savings Plan for 

in Framlington European Fund r in Framlington European Fund 

*1 I (minimum £500) H (minimum £20) 

I enclose my cheque payable to Framlington Unir I enclose my cheque for £ for my first 

Management Limited. I am over 18. For accumulation contribution (this can be for a larger amount than 

uni ts in which income is reinvested, tick here □ 

Surname (Mr/Mrs/Miss/Title) 

Full first name(s) 


Signature^* „ 

( Joint applicants should all sign and if ncccessary give details separately} 

your monthly payment). I am over 18 . 


T 13 / 12 j 

family MONEY/3 


A capital and income growth trust with an 
international portfolio in financial 
services companies and 
development capital investments. 

Net Asset Value per share +292% 

Ordinary dividend per share +28.6% 

Extract from the statement by Mr R Fawcett, Chairman 

C t Ensign "Trust has been identified as a trust with a lot at stake in the current changes in the City of London. 

\Vfe have indeed invested in a number of concerns winch will be affected, we believe beneficially, by the 
changes. Our activity includes the promotion and support ot developing companies. 

\Ve have been successful in this difficult endeavour and hope to continue to be so. I look forward to 

a hopeful year ahead. }) 

To: Ivory & Sime pic. One Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DZ Please send me a 
copy of the Annual Report for Ensign Trust. 



Currant account - no interest . 
Deposit accounts - seven days 
notice required tor withdrawals. 
Barclays 5 per cent, Lloyds 5 par 
cant. Mrilancf 5 per cent, NatWest 5 
per cent National Girobank 5 per 
cent Fixed term deposits £10,000 
to £24.999:1 month 7.825 per cent, 

3 months 7.75 per cam, 6 months 
7.75 par cam (National westmm- 
sterj; 1 month 7.19 per cent 3 
months 758 per cent 6 months 7.38 
percent (Midland}. Other bar*® may 

Tin] Net CHAR 


moMttync. 7.68 79J 

Boi Scotland 7.66 7-93 

Barclays Higher fata 
Deposit Account 
S1.000-E9.S99 7.13 7J2 

flOjOOOSortr 7.63 7.86 

Cater AfiencaS 7.56 7JB 


Morey Md Plus 
HfC Trust 7-dty 
Kendercon Money 

Cheque Accra* 7JB6 735 


01 8386070 

730 736 
630 8.68 

W 6281567 
01 5682777 

01581 1427 

MSGHCA 738 735 

E2£00-£9£99 7.45 7JBB 

810,000 endow 7.70 7.93 

ESSoST" 7S3 7.85 
OtyWGiOWr 7J5 758 
Oppanhekner Money 
Managemert Accourt 

merman im 7*9 
owrnaan 7.78 mo 
Royal BoJScottwJ „ 
Prenium Account 7.75 758 

Schroder U. 
£2500 to £9. 
ewer £10000 




756 753 

7 M 7.74 
7.66 753 
854 822 
759 8.17 
857 852 
758 6.11 
725 758 





0743 20899 
0742 20999 





0706 66966 

0705 327739 
CTOS 827733 
01 236 0952 
01236 0952 
0272 732241 
0272 732241 
01 62B4861 

0752 261161 

■ iiuhi 789 618 w, — - w. 

CNAR- Compounded Net Annual Rat?. ^ 
Figures am B* latest aratetse at (he (me of 
gemlo press. 

Research: Deborah Bern* 

National Savings Bonk 
Ordinary Accotkits — tf a mtonnum 

balance of £100 maintained for 
whole of 1986, 6 per cent interest 



E a. for each complete month where 

ilanc© is over £500, otherwise 3 
per cent investment Accounts — 
1 1 .75 per cert interest paid without 
deduction of ftot one month s 
notice of withdrawal, maximum 
investment £100,000 . 

National Savings tnceme Bond 
Minimum investment £2,000, maxi- 
mum £100.000. Interest 1225 par 
cent variable at six weeks' notice 
paid monthly without deduction of 
tax. Repayment a 3 months* not**. 
Penalties In first year. 

National Savings Indexed Income 

Start rate monthly income for fast 
year 8 per cent , increased at end of 
each year to match increase in 

prices as measured by Retai Prices 
Index. Cash value remains the 
same. Income taxable, paid gross. 
Three months’ notice of withdrawal. 
Minimum investment ol £5,000 m 
multipies of £1,000. Maximum 
£ 100 , 000 , 

National Savings 4th Index-Linked 
Certificates - 

Maximum investment — £5,000 
excluding holdings of other issues. 
Reun lax-free and finked to 
changes in the Retail Prices todex- 
Suppfement of JLQ0 per cent in the 
first year, 325 per cent In the 
second, 350 per cent to the third, 
4.50 per cent n the fourth and 6.00 
per cent in the fifth- Value of 
Retirement Issue Certificates pur- 
chased in December 1981, 2145.61 . 
including bonus aid supplement 
November RP1 391 .7 . (The new RP» 
re is not announced until the 
week of the foBowing month). 

Notional Savings Certificate 
32nd issue. Return totafly free of 
Income and capital gains tax. ecpJv- 
alent to an annual Interest rate over 
the five-year term of B.75per cent, 
maximum investment £5.000. 
General extension rate for holders 
of earlier issues which have 
reached maturtiy is 8.70 per cent 
National Savings Yearfy Plan 
A one-year r^iiar savings plan 

converting Wo Kw-year sav«|S 
certificates. Mintfnum £20 a monttt 
raSnum BOOL Returnova' five 

years 8.84 per rant, tax-free. 

credited armuaBy wfttout dBdt^m 

of tax. Repaymerii st three rremfte 

notice. Half interest only paid on 

bonds repaid during first yror. 

Guaranteed tocomeB^fe 

Return pari net of base rates* 



Local authority 

Fixed term, fixed 

Interest quoted net (basic rate tax 
deducted* source, nen-redagn- 

cem, nan m* ww, j' - J 
ham 82 per cent min mvESOO;^ 

tered Institute ot PuWte France* 
Accountancy, Leans Botbsu (638 
8361 between 10am and Z30pm) 
see aten Prestai no 24808. 

Bdhfing Societies 

Onflnary share accounts -6D0 per 

cent Extra interest accoun ts taua i- 

ly pay 1-2 per cent over orefinary 
share rate. Rates qixsted above are 
those most commonly offered. Indi- 
vidual buikfing societies may quote 
different rates. Interest on ad ac- 
counts paid net of basic rate tax. 
Not redalmabte by non-taxpayers. 
Foreign currency deposits 
Rates quoted by RothschWs Old 
Court in t e rn atio nal Reserves 0481 
26741. Seven days' notice is re- 
quired to withdrawal and ro charge 

ts made for switching cunrenoes. 
Starting 10.07 per cent 

US doaar &ii percent 

Yen 3JS3 per cent 

D Mark 356 per cent 

French Franc 656 per cent 

Swiss Franc zis per cent 

•V. *. i*.w» v-tC-/ >| A - |v',. : 

.•><>. •• .vr** 

'' 1 w- • • • • vi * "Jihrt'^iPAjerv* jwriw 

- —Y ... v >»»> 


V'*. •••* ■ ■ ■ v *' ■■■■*■ 

* <**;V 


Now that the interest rate has 
been increased from 11-25% to 12-25%, 
an investment in National Savings 
Income Bonds will give you more 
each month to help pay the bills, or 
simply to enjoy life. 

En j o y life with a regular monthly income. Yoifll receive your 
income monthly and in full, because we don’t deduct tax at source. 

•The interest is credited direct to yourbank or building society account 
on the 5th of each month, or we can send it direct to your home. 

Either way it means some welcome money coming in regularly. 

No need to touch vour capital. \bu get your monthly income 
without needing to touch your capital. 

Interest is calculated on a day-to-day basis. It is paid in full and is 
subject to tax if you are a taxpayer 

The rate paid may change from time to time, to keep it competitive. 




old rate 

ew 12-259 


o pa rate a 


hus you ei 


pay month 





£ 15,000 

£140 63 

£ 153-13 




£ 25,000 


£ 255-21 


£75 00 

£81 67 



£1,020 83 

(Ejch additional £LOOO invested attbc new tatx produces an arexagcof£10 20 per mo ndi- 
£122 50 per yea. Maiimnm holding £100,000.) 

Gettingyourmoneyoqt ltbu 
can have your bonds repaid at 3 
months* notice. And there will be no 
loss of interest if youVe held your 
bonds for a year or more. 

(For the full details of repay- 
ment, see paragraph 6 of the prospectus shown below) 

Invest here and now. \bu can be sure vour investment will always 
provide a worthwhile income - month in, month out All you have to do 
is complete the coupon below and send it with your cheque (payable to 
“National Savings*) to NSEB, Bonds and Stock Office, Blackpool 
FY3 9YE Or ask for an application form at your post office. 

The minimum pur- 
chase for new investors is 
£2,000; if you already have 
a bond, it is £1,000. 

Enjoy fife with a regular monthly income. 



PROSPECTUS 30 May 1986 

1 The Directa of Sorwtgi a authored t» The Leris Commeaorwrs of Her 
Majesty! Tteraiy to receive until furltef notice applications for National 
Savings Income Bonds rBontfcT) 

2 TheBondaawaGcwmrwntwcistt* issued unde, the Natnnal loans Aa 
1966. They are regswed m the National Savings Stott Register and are 
sutjecuo 8«e BegiationM'elaijrq to the National Savmgs Stock Regraet 
the tune being mfom. so fat as ttee are appfccable The piwopalol and 
interest on the Bonds wil be a chatge on the Manorial loans Fund 


3 I Subject to a mnmwn rttal p,* chase of £2.000 iseeparactaph ala Bond 
may bepurthaswllof P500ct a multipteoMhai sum.^mentinfullmusibe 
made at the time of appfcahon The daieol purchase will (oral purposes be 
thedatetf recefciolihereflmarc&MthacornpMedapplKatjonfoinviithe 
Bonds and Stoei Office Blackpool, or such othet place as the Director of 
Savings may specify 

3J An investment certificate, bearing the dareof puchase.wW be issued m 
respect of each purchase 


4.1 No person may hold either sofefy or lomBywithany other persoates than 
E2J300 or mare than fJOftQOftoJ Bonds Bonds srfwned from a deceasecf 
header «* not count towards this pemwted mamrwn Furthermore. Bonds 
held bva person as ousteewifl not count towards the maurmon «*hch he a 
permtted to hold mhrs personal capacity, no, wd Bonds held mnusi count 
tonards the pemwted mammum o< a CeneTiciarj^s penonal holding 
4» The Treasury may wary the mavrrrwn and rnimmum hold nglrats and the 
rrvrumun initial pin chase item vne to nme. upon gmng nonce. No such 
variation «* ptqutfce any right under the prospeOtn eryoved by a 
BwrSwttlH iwtwdiaely be»ore ihevanaDOn m respea of a Bond then heW 
by him 

5 1 inter esi wfl be okutated ona day re day bash from the dare of purchase 
at a rare detamned by the Treasuy nwe Tieasury rareT 

52 Inierefl wil be payable c*i the. 5th day of.aach month. The Director of 
Samgs may drfet paynwr.iscifaccPftd innstiMihamtse (4iemie?rectof a 
Bond vwthin the period of o* wee*s touomng me date pt purchase unni the 
new ntenat -sate folkHinng the end ol that oenod 

5 3 If on repayment the Bond has by reason of p*ayaph 6 1, esned less 
vwrea than the tOCS already pcadrnrespwo* the Bond utvJetpatayaphS 2 
thebakncew^becredudedfiomthesumtoMiepaid Anyaiterest^amed 
on tneflenriand not akeodypaKJ before repatmertiWIbeadtJsdloWeJum 
10 be repaid If. in the case of repayment unfe paragraph 82 , it >5 not 
reasonably practicable tosup an merest payment tambangmadeahe' the 
repayment dale, the amount of that intereg payment w.9 be deducted hom 
the sun to be repaid 

5 ,-t nrele«tFy»Bay from tme® one vary i)*Tteasuyrateuponyi/ing sa 
«etrf nonce 

53 The Tteasuy may from Pine to 6me wry the intervals at and dates on 
wtveh iruetest is payable i4»n giving noncn and in so duing may specify 
hotdmq Itfmisatoveot befaw whidt any ronmiwfl apply Ho vmuen ml 

ibaBond issued beiorerhr’wnKjonrintesi theBw*lhokferaqr..« r» 
such appfacaooh. 

5 6 Interest on a Bond registered in the so*e name of a minor wider seven 
yean of age wl iwmully be paid rum a NaPonalSavmgsBartaccouiitinThe 
name of the mnor 

5 7 Interest on a Bond vjiB be pwd without dedwown of Income feu Sw it a 
stijject to ItKomo Iif and must be included n any ream of income madeio 
the Inland 


6 1 ASontfhoider mar obtain repaymemof a Bond at par before redemption 
upon giving 3 calendar months' nonce the Bond wW»n interest at the 
Treesury rare from the dare ot purchase up to the repayment date where 
repayrrrent fate on or after the first anrevemry ot purchase Where the 
repayment date fate before the first anmersary of purchase the Bond wtf 
earn mtaest at haff die treasury rate from the date of purchase up m the 
repayment daw 

62 Wheiean application f« repayment of a Bonds nude after the death of 
the sate or sole summing regsiered holder no fined period of notice c 

wifl «m Merest at rhe Treasury rare from thedare of 


To NSIB, Bonds and Stock Office, Blackpool. FY3 9YP 



l/We acce^itheterrns ofthe Prospectus 

andapplyfora Bond to the value of> £ 

rwwred and the Bond 
ptxchase v 
before the 

up to the date of repayment whether or not repayment occurs 
first amwersaiy ol the puchase 

. ficjnon for repayment of a Bond rr*Et b* made eiwntngro the 

Bonds and Stock Office. Blackpool and acconpanred by the investment 
catiTreate. The penodof notice green by the BontfoktawiH be olcuiaied 
from the date on wrech pie acptatiQn a received m the Bonds and Stock 

64 ApptKatmn rrey be made (or repayment of partof a Bond m an amount of 
Et.OOOoramutepleof that sumpeonoad that the holdng of Boreti remaning 
after the part repayment ts not lee than the mmmurn hotding tent in 

subparagraphs vWl apply to (he part repaid^?a whole K^thl 
remaning balance wfl have die same dateofpurdiaseand the same rim 
dates as we re a ppfKacfe to cnetngnal B on d ■nmettotelypnortoiqiaymenc 

7f<watestw4f be p a y ab l e efiraOfg a khaortaf Savings Sanfi or other banF or 
buidi no soaety account or by crossed warrant sent by post a Bondhdder 
may orey deagnate one account or method of paymoitto apply » hrs enure 
hokfing af Bonds at any nme Casnal ml be repayable dnea w a Nauonal 
Savings Bank account ot by Dossed warrant sent by post 


9 ABondhefdbyaffmwundatheageofwwi'rears.eitbersolelyoriointfv 
with any oifier penDrividi not be repayaoieeuept vmh the consent ot me 
C* recta of Savings 


9 Bends mil not be transferable ocept with the consem of die Dvecror of 
Savings fiansfe Of aBond or part of a Bond wifi ore* bealiowed men amount 
of £1500 or mufrpte of that sunand vna not oe atowedrfihe holding nf the 
transferot Or ranSereewouHiherebr be oufSHtethenofifriglirrats imposed 
by paragraph 41 as van« from Dmeiowne under paragraph 42 TheDreaor 
of Savtr^svnl normally gneconsemm l»caseaf.fore*ampled«Wionof 
Bonds on the death of a holder but n« many proposed iransfieritfucti is by 

wav of saV; or for any consideration. 


10 ThetQasuywA9veai9rexKerrauredunderparagr3ph4Z54,55orl1 
of the prospeous m me London Echteugh and Belfast Gazettes or n any 
other manner whKh mey Hank hi It nonce a grew othemme than m the 
Gazettes it wifl as soon as ts reasonably possible thaeafar be recorded in 


11 facnBtwd may tehettfn a guaranteed mulpeaadoliQ yen hom the 
fire: intcres date after the date of ptetiuse. Thereafter, interest wiV comnue 

to be pawWe undw theisms of theprospeous umj the tedertfUion of the 
Sana The wnl wO be teOeemed ai pa either ai the end ot the guaranteed 
initial perotKx jnany interest date Iheieaftecoi either case t*t>n the ^vrng 
cl Si* months' nonce by me Himsmv The Deector of Savings vWl wore ro the 
Bondhohier before redempriore at the last recorded adttess lor to 
BondhoeOng. mforreng hen of the date of the redemption noirfied by the 



Ruse note inreres is eaned for each day at IG 65 of thg annual rate land at l (366 <* die annual tass tor sch day n a leap yea). 

TfHnottdoes noffempatrof theptwpKBis. 


trifial rrvrvmun of£^000 
and multiples of £1,000 
to a maximum of £100,000 


AB forenamefs) 



. Rfclcode. 

Nameof Tfust 
ftf applicable) 

Date of Birth 
(essential if wrier 7) 

Day Month \faar 

Name . . - ■ ... — 



If you already have a National Sawngs Income Bond mseri Regster No 

Enter fuB account detads fw interesr to be paid direa to a Banfc^uikSng Sooety or National Savings Bank Account, 

wnm W^on lyi l^p re tec^.« ra n B l»p« Sank Sorting Code Shownm the top tight 

Bank hand area of your own cheques) 

Building Sooety 

Name— .... ■ — 




i In a |0ini 
must sign) 



People who know 
what you’re worth 

As consumer credrt 

surges to its esamatej 

p^Oiristmas level of 

£3 billion 


sris 1 *. rssg 

since implementahon of >ie 
1974 Act This requires liisclo- 

MC ^ n 7 BriSnTcredit gpre of aJI information stored 

systems SSSJSSrtoSS 

TW -^liS “ 

“L^ K ^pte are likely to la meeting ibeir objectives 
tad risks is used 0 f protecting trade and m- 
SEEtakrtbe United States, dlK ^, and aiso disconrapng 

XTeSdit is so hardtop onsnipbie^tarro^ the 

•‘ratrog sk* 

^rr'-mting’' that in- 
virtually volunteer 
personal details to establish a 
reconias rdiaWe borr0 ^^'; n 
X yinihi 1 system conW gain 
farther ground here — 
tfshoa&ifte privacy tobb> 
loathes the idea, rt » a nratter 
of whea rather tlran rf- One 
outcome will fae 
aco Haiatan ce with certain ooo- 
that most of k a« jjjjfc 
distantly aware of — credit 
reference agemass. 

These oieaoiza&oiis collect 
hrfbrmatKKi about people s 
finwial standing. They are 
today's form of the trade 

1 10/44/12 


oped from the 17 th-century 
practice of traders discussing 
enstoners’ creditworthiness. 

The first society was 
founded 185 years ago in a 
London coffee house. Others 
followed, flourished, folded or 
merged, resulting in today's 
which primarily 
Systems, a Not- 

subsidiary of 

Great Universal Stores, 
UAPT Infolink, in Croydon, 
Surrey, and Westcot Data of 
Glas^m. Hundreds more li- 
cence-holders supply informa- 
tion to small groups of traders, 
or work within limited local 

agencies firstly provide a 
Sans of confirming the name 
and address a would-be bor- 
rower gives the lender. This is 
done against the electoral 

re ^\PT. the UK’s largest 
independent credit ~ ioformz- 
tion agency, with 5300 mem- 
bers. has ail 425 million 
voters on its new £73 million 

public records are also 
checked for any bankruptcies 
sod county court judgments 
relating to default — there are 
more than two million 

“Transactions entries, 
supplied by agency members 
or subscribers, record details 
of individual agreements, nor- 
mally including starting date, 

amount, terms, tending com- 

Under the 1974 Consumer 
Credit Act, you have the right 
to know what information an 
agency hnMs — ■ whether or not 
you have sought credit through 
a regulated agreement - as 
well as who lots consulted it 
about you. 

You merely sead a written 
request for a copy of your file, 
t ogether with any previous 
address during the past six 
years, and a non-returnable £1 

fee. An agency must send you a 

copy of the file in plain 
Fn glwh and a stat em e n t id' 
your rights, or tefl you ft has 
no infonnation about you. 

The statement explains that 
credit is a privilege - not a 
right — based on trust, and 
that if the information is 
wrong, you can ask the agency 
to remove or correct it. 

Twenty-eight days are allowed 
for the agency to do this. If it 
does not accept your amend- 
ment or foils to reply, you can 
ultimately refer the matter to 

the Director General of Fair ^ aiuraunmu; m u»uui 
Trading, Office of Fair Trad- to the cred itw o rth y. In gen- 
ing, Field House, Bream's tw^ mm. u m<» r organizations 
Buddings. London EC4 1PR- consider the agencies do a fair 

The OFT, as (he ticeasmg and sensible job, but should be 
body, receives about 20 com- judged soldy on their accuracy 
plaints a year, while the and impartiality. 

pany’s name and, in some 
cases, a frequent up-dale. 

Lenders' demands for bet- 
ter-quality data about 
consumers' existing debts and 
their ability to settle these has 
led to the agencies marketing 
increasingly elaborate services 
that already include the pool- 
ing of finance house account 
data and will soon cover loan 
and credit accounts funded by 

The main clearers are 
discussing wmi« by which 
customers' default details can 
be passed to UAPT for fifing 
in a form similar to, but short 
of, their full payment profile. 
An y anxieties over this inher- 
ent break with tradition could 
well be mitigated by disclo- 
sures of the extent to which 
good customers pay for the 
growing number of had ones. 

Their debts in the credit 
explosion foD-out — £5,000 to 
£10,000 a head on multiple 
commitments indudiug credit 
cards and personal loans — 
contribute to high borrowing 
rates. With intensified com- 
petition — and demand, even 
when interest is 17 billion per 
cent, as m a recent Chelten- 
ham case — foe OFT pleads 
constantly for responsible 

The credit reference bu- 
reaux see themselves canght in 
the middle, trying to achieve 
closer harmony between cred- 
it source and customer, both of 
whom lose if credit is given to 
foe uncreditworthy or denied 

Good news for retailers 

The TFS system for refunding VAT to overseas visitors 
has now been operating nationwide for several months, 
and has been folly proven by hundreds of small retailers 
as well as major groups such as Jaeger, Country Casuals 
and Dunn & Co. Further recognition of TFS as the 
market leader in this field is provided by Chester 
Marketing Bureau and Colchester Chamber of Trade, 
who have recently adopted the TFS scheme. 

■ At no cost to the retailer, TFS relieves him of the 
entire administrative burden, simplifies the 
transaction at point of sale, and encourages 
spending by overseas visitors. 

I The shopper also benefits, since he receives his 

refond Within juste few days, in fheform of a single 
cheque in the currency of his choice. 

For further information, just send us your 
business cord or call us on 



Normnr London SW1Y5BN 



'f i i 

A rs 

-T, . ' J W 


Date est- 






-• - .• ■«* •■ 

-n.-v. f *V 

■ :=*£& 
■ 7*.i 


How your cash will be guarded 

The Building Societies Act has 
pot the spotlight both on the 
potential for societies to con- 
vert into public liability status 
and the greater range of ser- 
vices that may be offered from 
January 1. 

However, publicity has so 
fer not been given to the 
scheme for society investor 
protection, which changes that 
day, and particularly to how 
those investors in societies 

An outstanding 
safety record 

that are not members of the 

D>ukV>_ M ■ 

will be left. 

Alter years of relative stabil- 
ity in the building society 
world, “mergers" are very 
much in the air. Following the 
links between the Bidefoid 
and West of England on 
October 31, Peterborough 
with Norwich, and Property 
Owners with Woolwich Eq- 
uitable, the association has 
128 members- soon to be 127 
alter the proposed Nation- 
wide- Anglia merger. But there 
are 23 societies with building 
society status outside the 

Building societies have an 
outstanding record for safety. 
Since the war, no ordinary 
investor in a society within the 
association has lost any sav- 
ings. On the few occasions 

when a society has had finan- 
cial difficulty, other societies 
have stepped in to ensure 
savings are fully protected. 

Thai security rests on three 
elements: monitoring ofbuild- 
ing society activities, pruden- 
tial requirements and the 
Investors’ Protection Scheme. 

Their business transactions 
are monitored by the relevant 
government department, the 
Register of Friendly Societies 
and the association itself 
Societies are required to sub- 
mit a detailed annual return 
on their activities as wed as 
completing mon thly and quar- 
terly returns to the registry to 
help identity potential diffi- 
culties at an early stage. 

At the the law 
requires that societies lend 
only on- the security of free- 
hold or leasehold eyfat* that 
90 per irent of loans should be 
of relatively modest amounts 
to owner-occupiers, and that 
they must value properties on 
which they lend. 

Losses have been minimal. 
In 1984 mortgage losses ac- 
counted for only 0.005 per 
cent of mortgage assets of 
about £82,000 million. 

A proportion ofliquid funds 
has to be kept in short-term 
securities. Trustee status lays 
down several additional 

Under the Investors’ Pro- 
tection Scheme, depositors are 
fully protected. Share inves- 

Receiver moves in on 
crumbling Cookie Co 

The Department of Trade and 
Industry has petitioned to 
have the Cookie Coach Co 
compulsorily wound up. This 
was a franchise company with 
the franchisees setting cakes, 
cookies and other food from 
1920s style vans. 

On December 3 Peat 
Marwick, the aocoantency 
fins, was appointed receiver or 
the company and is now trying 
to seD the business as a going 

The position of the 46 
franchisees is very much un- 
certain. Franchisees of the 
Cookie Coach Co paid an 
initial franchise fee of £6£0O 
each and were given the right 
to sell cookies from their vans 
within a defined territory. 
They had to buy the vans 
themselves . and purchased 
their supplies from the 

There are mdksthms that 
legal proceedings wiU result 
from the collapse of this 
franchise. There is also likely 
to be a substantial deficiency. 

Philip Ramsbottom, one of 
the joint receivers, said yes- 
terday: “Early indications are 
that there wfll be a deficiency 
of about half a millio n 
pounds. 7 ' 

The Cookie Coach Com- 
pany was not a frdl member of 
the British Franchise Associ- 
ation (BFA), the industry 

watchdog and trade associ- 
ation for franchisors. 

However, it was on a list 
maintained by the BFA which 
is called the “BFA Register of 
Qualified Non-Member Com- 
panies Developing 


Tony Datfield, the BFA's 
director, explained yesterday 
that this was a fist of com- 
panies which had not yet 
satisfied die criteria for full 
BFA membership. 

He said: “We look basically i 
for a property constructed 
franchise agreement, a viable 
prospectus and a pilot scheme 
with at leapt one franchise 
which l»w been f a nnin g lor at 
least a year. 

“We do also ask for a set of 
accounts, but it is generally too 
early In a company’s mrwtrncc 
fix' these to tell you much.” 

Mr Dutfield also said the 
Cookie Coach Co had never 
applied for fuO membership of 
the BFA. 

Details on what went 
wrong with tins particular 
franchise have not yet em- 
erged. If you are coMdering 
taking out a franchise, make 
smre you do a tat of homework 
first — both on the range of 
franchises available and 
on the particular franchise you 
have chosen. 

Lawrence Lever 

You and Unit Trusts' 
Legal & Generate free , 
easy-to-fol low guide. 


Rothschilds International 
Money Funds 

The efficient alternative to a deposit 

Account in any major currency. 

For further 'n ro ™ a ”‘”m"ihfc^ipm F "! le^ • 

| Address — " I 



is Limm4Fiix.tri>t£ 


: J>H If 

tors in societies that are 
contributing members to the 
scheme are protected up to 90 
per cent of their capitaL Non- 
contributing societies protect 
their members up to 75 per 
cent of their capitaL 
Five building societies, 
which are not members of the 
association, nevertheless 
participate in the scheme: 

• Century, based in Albany 
Street, Edinburgh 

• Kidderminster Equitable, in 

• Lough, Mablelhorpe & Sut- 
ton Permanent Benefit, in 

• St Stephen’s, at 70 
Chepstow Road, Bayswater, 

• Thrift, at 3 Turnpike Pa- 

rade, Green Lanes, Totten- 
ham, London. 

Until December 31, when 
the Investors* Protection 
Scheme will be discontinued, 
there is no upper limit to the 
size of accounts protected. 
After the January 1 changes all 
societies - whether or not they 
are members of the associ- 
ation — wiU have members’ 
investments protected but to 
the lower level of 90 per cent 
of the first £10,000 of savings. 
A joint account will be 90 per 
cent of £20,000. 

There is to be no specified 
funding by tbe societies to 
meet the new statutory Inves- 
tor Protection Scheme. Tbe 
Act specifies a maximum for 
every society of 0 3 per cent 
per insolvency of total shares 
and deposits if a society gets 
into financial difficulty. This 
would be adequate for a small 
society but nowhere near ade- 
quate fin- one of the society 

The banks have provision 
for a permanent fund in the 
event of a claim but the 
Treasury minister Ian Stewart 
felt this was unnecessary in the 
case of building societies as 
“calls on the scheme are likely 
to be less frequent than those 
on behalf of depositors with 
small licensed deposit takers 
under the Banking Act 

Building societies that are 
not association members are 

under pressure to merge with 
other societies (such as The 
King Edward, of Liverpool, 
with Birmingham Midshires, 
and the Manchester Unity of 
Oddfellows with Northern 
Rock, of Newcastle upon 
Tyne), or to wind themselves 
up, which simply means that 
the Chief Registrar of Friendly 
Societies strikes them off the 
list. Under the association's 
rules, they cannot become 

Greater confidence 
from January 1 

members until they have had 
an active existence for at feast 
five years and have accounts 
for that period. 

Ahead of the new protection 
scheme, it would be wise to 
ask non-members of the 
association what they intend 
to do about status. From 
January 1 investors in such 
will have the greater 
confidence that, if their soci- 
ety was not party to the 
Investors’ Protection Scheme, 
they will enjoy limited protec- 
tion from that date. 

Several have been prom- 
inent in recent months, such 
as the Ecology on account of 
its declared policy of assisting 
those wishing to convert older 

Conal Gregory 

Capital & Counties (Sheffield) 

Century (Edinburgh) 

City of Deny (Londonderry) 

County of London 
(London SE13) 

Eagle (Wembley, Middlesex) 

(Keighley, West Yorkshire) 

Everton (Liverpool) 

Haverstock (London El) 

Hofflns P (Hale, Cheshire) 

Immigrants (London NW10) 

Kidderminster Equitable 

Law Mutual 
(Wembley, Middlesex) 

Lough. Mablethorpe 
& Sutton (Lincolnshire) 

Nottingham &DTP 
(Leamington Spa) 

Piccadilly (London EC3) 

Raven head 

(St Helens, Merseyside) 

St Stephen’s (London W2) 

South Durham (Peterfee) 

Sun (Liverpool) 

Thrift (London N15) 

United Kingdom (Liverpool) 

Western (London N4) 

Wishaw Inv 
(Wishaw, Strathclyde) 

Share- Shareholders* 
holders amount due © 

3 100,615 

1,405 4.752^76 

739 2,180,045 

318" 60,137 

111 100,280 

756 994,490 

241 254,401 

74 7.834 

14 87,600 

10 50.000 

909 2£27,638 

41 15,445 

1,285 3 , 550,289 

60 50,059 









assets (£) 






















.ve you a cheaper gas bill 


' > 

■ •:{* 
• .-*'5 


: i 

,mk». 1'v ■■ •, ■ x * * ■ ” •• ■ ! . 

r' ' :v=; V? v=-h : '. .. ’ . • -J 

1 -I-I.I '. .1, ^ v'..' ' '• 1 - III;- i'„ . 

00 J 


This winter, you can look forward 
to cheaper gas bills. 

For here at Lloyds Bank, we’ve 
reduced the cost of selling your British 
Gas shares. 

For example, on the first £150 
worth, we’ve lowered our minimum 
broking fee from £10 to just £3. We 
won’t be administering our administra- 
tion fee either. 

You’ll find our charges much 
cheaper than many other financial 
institutions. And whilst we are on the 
subject, why not take stock of our other 
options open to investors. 

Like Lloyds Bank SharedeaL 

It offers a complete range of services 

to help you in future forays into the 
Stock Market. 

We have put together a special 
panel of top brokers, each chosen for 
their quality of personal advice. 

Better still, this advice won’t cost 
you a penny. And Sharedeai means you 
won’t go broke when it comes to 
broking fees. 

Ours are extremely competitive, 
and our administration fees are never 
more than five pounds. 

Dealing couldn’t be more straight- 
forward, either by phone, or calling in 
personally at your local Lloyds Bank. 

And Sharedeai can even include a 
High Interest Cheque Account. 



It’s the ideal home for surplus 
funds, since you can draw on it 
instantly, with no loss of interest, when 
an investment opportunity arises. 

Sharedeai also offers an overdraft 
facility that will enable you to take 
advantage of share offers, new issues 
and the like without going elsewhere 
for funds. 

In fact, as a shareholder you’ll find 
Lloyds Bank offers you mote than your 
fair share of opportunities. 




Wnnm i^taiK of owls reran uv nailable upon requm from bnsdso of Bank Pic. 7) Lom ba rd Street, London EOP jB&Thf ovttAiit fatilrty a only avaoUblr id penoro aged 15.mdcma.ind axt djc&iok>di*T<t!o«. 





Report December 

13 1986 


The locks and alarms that can 
cut the losses and the costs 

Following the lead set 
by Royal, Sun Alliance 
and Legal & General, 
Norwich Union is the 
latest insurance 
company to offer 
premium discounts on 
house contents policies to 
those who fit locks and 
alarms in their homes. 

The discount idea, put for- 
ward initially by Mrs Thatcher 
and the Metropolitan Police 
Commissioner, Sir Kenneth 
Newman, is seen as one way of 
curbing the growth in domes- 
tic burglary. 

Latest figures from the 
Association of British Insurers 
(ABI) show that theft claims 
cost insurance companies 
£186.9 million in the first six 
months of this year. 12 per 
cent more than in the corres- 
ponding period last year. Yet, 
as nine out of 10 burglaries are 
carried out by opportunists, 
fitting locks and alarms 
should deter all but the most 
persistent thief. And, from a 
commercial point of view, 
why should the person who 
looks after his property pay 
the same premiums as the one 
who does not? 

But the discounts on oner, 
up to 20 per cent, are not 
intended to pay for the cost of 
installing adequate security 
measures. For in rural areas, 
£10,000 worth of contents 
cover can be bought for less 
than £40. and this figure can 
rise above £1 50 in inner cities. 
Instead, the discounts are “a 
recognition of a better risk”, 
according to a spokesman for 
RoyaL _ . 

Reductions are not offered 
by all insurance companies, 
but for those that do the 
discounts can be split into 
three categories. Fitting locks 
to doors and windows will 
qualify for reductions up to 10 
per cent and further cuts can 
be obtained for installing an 
alarm. The value of belonging 
to a neighbourhood watch 
scheme is usually rewarded by 
a 5 per cent reduction. 

The cost of meeting the first 
two requirements varies from 
house to house. Door locks - 
insurers usually insist on five- 
lever mortice dead locks — 
cost around £1 1.50, and win- 
dow locks £2. Burglar alarms, 
again on insurance company 
insistence, will have to meet 
the standards set by the Na- 
tional Supervisory Council for 
Intruder Alarms (NSCLA). 
“Bells only" models cost 

anything from £200 and a 
digital communicator, linked 
to the office of the alarm 
company, more than £500. 

The insurance company will 
usually rely on the broker to 
check that the systems have 
been installed Alternatively, a 
report from the local crime 
prevention officer will suffice. 
The officer will also be able to 
advise on suitable security 
measures, a useful feature, 
given that the security busi- 
ness is booming and not all the 
firms involved are reputable. 

But a word of warning on 
fitting security devices comes 
from Patrick Shoebridge, of 

some inner city areas, pobcy- 
holders must fit locks. The 
point is well illustrated by 
Bishopsgate. It has set out a 
table showing the level of 
security required On level 
one, there are no special 
conditions. But policyholders 
in high risk areas of London, 
Manchester, Liverpool and 
Glasgow, as well as those with 

_ Royal: 5 per cent for an 
alarm, 15 per cent for alarm 
plus locks and' 5 per cent to 
members of a neighbourhood 
watch scheme. 

•Son Affiance: 10 per cent for 
adequate security arrange- 
ments depending on the 
house’s location. Cover from 

£ 20,000 to £ 60 , 000 . 

Teachers: 5 per cent for 

crisis cover j — 

Uiasgow, iQ wtu W ■ lQKUaa. J yra 

high sums to insure, have to fit jq^ 5 per cent for a burglar 

1 — alar m and 5 per Cent tO 

members of a neighbourhood 


Once the security devices 

are final, the insurance com- 
pany will expect them to be 
used. If not, the cover could be 
withheld. But Northern Star 
admits to its brokers: “There 

watch scheme. 

Of course, these discounts 
do not take account of the 
premiums actually charged, so 
it is worth checking whether 

Sir Kenneth Newman and Mrs Thatcher: innovators of the discount insorance idea 
the British Insurance Brokers; S5. *“ “* COmpetmVe " 

facility to your clients due to Two other types of dis- 
the possible loss of cover if the count, usually associated with 
protections were not put into motor insurance, are also 

— n 

Association (BIBA): “It is all 
very well fitting locks but 
householders must make sure 
they and their children can get 
out of the house in an emer- 
gency such as a fire.” Again, 
no doubt the Crime Preven- 
tion Officer can advise. 

Although the discount sys- 
tem is not universally applied. 

Location is an 
important factor 

many insurers implicitly rec- 
ogn'ae the benefits of physical 
security by insisting certain 
types of household equip 
themselves with locks and 

A spokesman for the ABI 
gave three instances where 
security measures could be 
compulsory: if the sum as- 
sured is high, if the household 
has a history of claims or if 
target risks, such as expensive 
jewellery, need extra protec- 
tion in the form of a safe. 

But there is another factor, 
the location of the house. In 

By advising which investment gives 
the most income. 

By reducing your income tax bill. 

By making your capital grow to 
increase income in the future. 

Knight Williams has specialised for many 
years in identifying income investments 
for retired people. Send for full details. 


I Independent Financial Advice § 
33 Cork Street, London W1X 1HB I 
01-409-0271 ■ 

I Name I 

_ Address ® 


So the company has altered 
its scheme. It will now not be 
liable for the first £250 of a 
claim if the devices are not 
operational Legal & General 
has a similar exclusion of £500 
and in Economic’s case the 
figure is £100. But Norwich 
Union does not set an exclu- 
sion and cover is given for all 
of the claim even if the locks 
are not used. 

Lloyd’s syndicates, which 
usually offer keen household 
insurance premiums, have 
been slow in offering security 
discounts. The reductions 
available from the company 
market are as follows. 

• Bishopsgate: 10 percent for 
adequate security measures 
depending on the sum insured 
and the location of the house. 

• Comhill: Pilot scheme in 
Northumbria. Staffordshire 
and North and West York- 
shire. Up to 15 per cent, 
depending on report of crime 
prevention officer. 

• Economic 15 per cent for 
locks and/or alarms m low 

i.risk areas. Cover up to 

• Legal & General: 16 to 20 
per cent for locks, if the value 
of high-risk possessions does 
not exceed £5000. 

• National Insurance and 
Guarantee Corporation: 20 per 
cent for burglar alarm. Mem- 
bers of neighbourhood watch 
scheme looked on 

• Northern Star 20 per cent 
for locks, if sums insured are 
below certain limits. 

• Norwich Union: 5 per cent 
for locks plus 5 per cent for a 
burglar alarm and 2.5 per cent 
to members of a 
neighbourhood watch scheme. 

creeping into the household 
contents market. In return for 
a reduced premium, the 
policyholder can agree to meet 
the first part of any claim. On 
household insurance, these 

The industry has 
a cautions approach 

“excesses” are becoming 
popular, and in Royal’s case a 

£1 00 excess gives a 1 5 per cent 
discount. But in some in- 
stances, accepting an excess is 
compulsory. Prudential insists 
on a minim um excess of £25. 

The other discount is the 
no-claims bonus but this has 
more limited popularity. 
Insurance brokets Hill House 
Hammond offer “Bonus 25”, 
under which a 25 per cent 
discount is given to those who 
have not made a claim in the 
previous year. Another bro- 
ker, Brownhill Morris and 
West, operates a three-year 
no-claims discount sale start- 
ing at 15 per cent for one 
claim-free year, 20 per cent for 
two daim-free years and 25 
per cent for three. 

But the scheme, under- 
written by General Accident 
as a pilot study, is available 
only in London. 

General Accident is tread- 
ing carefully into the discount 
arena, reflecting the insurance 
industry’s cautious approach. 
Many remain sceptical of the 
benefits of disoounts. 

Paul Arthy, of Sedgwicks, 
explains: “In general dis- 
counts are a good thing but 
only so long as they are not 
offered on a short-term basis. 
For if the claims keep going 
up, the insurers will be receiv- 
ing less premiums and the 
rates will have to increase.” 

■ Cannon Lincoln Is not 
one of the best-known life- 
assurance companies but 
this week H came up with an 
innovation which the 
industry's big boys may find 
they have to follow. 

Cannon has added an 
optional benefit called Critical 
IBness Cover, to Its 
Designer fife policy- Critical 
Illness Cover will pay up-to 
half the sum assured 
immediately a poTrcyhoKfer ^ 
is diagnosed as suffering irom 
a stroke, heart attack or a 
spreatflng form of cancer, me 
payment will also be made 
rf surgery has to be performed 

to treat coronary artery 


The option is available only 
to non-smokers who have a 
load health profile when 
jiey take out a policy. If a 
policyholder con tracts one 
of the specified critical 
illnesses, a previously 
selected proportion of the sum 
assured, which can be as 
high as 50 per cent but not 
more than £20,000, 
becomes payable. The balance 
of the life cover remains m 

Cannon says it has 
introduced Critical Illness 
Cover to provide positive 
financial assistance for people 
who subsequently find 

themselves stricken with a 
defined major ailment 

Desk-top check 

■ The 1987 Investment 
Calendar is a handy desk-top 
reference source to the 
financial year. The weekly 
calendar pages include 
significant events such as 
interim and final reporting 
dates, account and settlement 
dates and dates of key 
Government announcements, 
such as money supply 
figures. There s also 
imormation on UK 
securities and overseas stock 
markets, regulatory 
information and statistical data 
on the economy. 

The investment Calendar s 
well known among fmancial 
professionals andwBI be 
useful to private investors who 
have a widespread portfolio 
and who take an active interest 
in then" investments. 


disastrous consequences. 

by tinsel and glittering 

baubles but cut paws ran 

resuft from knockingdOTm 

glass decorations. andPet 
Plan say that tinsel in foe _ 
stomach brought one cat to the 
irating table on 

Burden of provfel 

nature of drugs 

uailu - d> *****?£! 

Before Lord ,°IJ^Gnf- consircciion pl^ ^™,^^ 

• I" . — _ dihfl 

lay in 

Yuppie book 

■ if you're earning at least 
£100,000 a a 
Porsche around town, keep 
a Range Rover and green 
wellies in the country and 
drink Evian by t he Bre men 

chartered accountant 
Robson Rhodes would uke to 
hear from you. 

This week RR published 
Yuppies and their money. 

and Lord Ackner 

T _- n j v e any amDiguity m 

defendant ^ AjX/in* 
prosecution to 

i5^’sr£toai ,, K>: 

““S&ded. i« Sn Intended .oprov.dc u 

Schedule 1, that section 5mor dam had to sei 

It 's available from Square 
Mile Publications Limited, Park 
House, Park Terrace, 
Worcester Park, Surrey KT4 
7HY, priced at £7.99, 
including p&p. 

Dog’s life trauma 

■ it's dearly a dog's fife at 
Christmas. Take, for example, 
the case of Trudie the 
Cocker Spaniel who had to __ 
have an operation to 
remove a nylon Christmas 
stocking, or Sam the 
Labrador who swallowed a 

Champagne cork which 

obstructed his intestine. 

If you're not an animal 
lover, such incidents may 
cause you no distress at aO. 

But for pet-owners, they can 
be the source of major 

Pet Plan Limited, which 
specializes in insurance for 
pets, points out that 





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Adam & Company 11.00% 

BCCI 11.00% 

Citibank Savings! 12.45% 

Consolidated (Yds 11.00% 

Co-operative Bank 11.00% 

C. Hoare & Co .11.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 1.00% 

Lloyds Bank 11.00% 

Nat Westminster 11.00% 

Royal Bank of Scotlandll.00% 

TSB.... .......11.00% 

Citibank NA 11-00% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 



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TARGET | »iff i 


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Building Society 

l Incorporated in England under the Building Societies Act 1874) 

Placing of £20,000,000 ll 9 /i6 per cent Bonds 
due 21st December 1987 

Listing for the bonds has been granted by the Council of The Stock Exchange. Listing 
Particulars in relation to The Nationwide Building Society arc available in the Extel 
Statistical Services. Copies may be collected from Companies Announcements Office. 
P.O. Box No. 1 19. The Stock Exchange. London EC2P 2BT until 16th December 1986 
and until 31si December 1986 from:- 

Fulton Prebon Sterling Ltd., 
34-40 Ludgate Hill, 
London EC4M 7JT 

Rowe & Pitman Ltd.. 
1 Finsbury Avenue. 
London EC2M 2PA 

I3th December 19S6 


IvGgdl S nares return 


met 1 ' WTTHTXXATWH ■ 

■9.50-1 3.38 

r.rn /.Art AAA 

/be made ic 

anytime so bn* MKtaM 


■re sub^ » iv« 60 ¥,fth M . 

inrere*. proofed the< **Mrawl ecrunitar 
the fine year. 

InmedtaM withdraw* ttter d* frujeaur 
which take (he b*w beta** US-MOire 
reliable with a km of todays ta»«*onthe 
antowte withdrawn. 

hgantaccwa by cheque for anyan wuittfr'Qni 

Head Office. Laraiimiow Brandi Offices. 
GUARANTEED tka st aw 

Orfb^yShmeeunUlUdtOmniber IW. 
Interest: paid or eredted annually- 


o' [hi: UiijiiTv 1 ! Soctiit'^s Association 

£2 50 to £200,000 

Head Office: 1 18/120. Wesoninjter Bridge Ro»i. London SEI 7XE 
, H0T«; 01-928 133) mOHUEYet^ume mwnwi wgiml 
MMFOKKHNT) xm aaorpow *-*•* aci tom— mce wm 

Ljuvmtmnns nogate emi 

woksng nso 

Deals: Lmtoeth Budding Society. FREEPOST London SEI 2BR. 

! I /We enclose £ for illegal Stan* Account. (2nd tone) 

or PkasesendinvesmrericdenifetonTtek boot nntpm. 



,n might .mom 

... for a 


Schedule himself ofh. 

the Misuse of Drugs Act 1 he wishea v Alexander 

Sz anTprepararion of mor- ^ in agreement that. » me 

ptaine containing not more J 3 " linguisuc “nsiron on 

(L2 per cent of morphine, ^here 

which the accountants 
describe as the essential 
financial accessory for 
Young UpwarcHy-Mobile 
Professional People. The 

publication examines 
investments ranging from 
residential property to 
becoming a Name at 
Uoyd’s-Planning fora 
financially fit retirement and 
protecting what Yuppies have 
are also covered and 
there's a review of 

remuneration packages for 

Yuppies on the move. There 
are also soma plan ning 
ideas for the gtobe-tioltihg 

RR partner John Rayer 
appears slightly offended at 
the suggestion that the 

whole thing Is a gimmick. 

Yuppies may have high 
incomes but because they're 
nouveaux riches there is 
often no famfly accountant, 
solicitor or stockbroker to 
turn to. Moreover, they just 
don't have the time to 
handle their own money. 

Yuppies and their money 

runs to 32 pages and retarfs at 

£5.00. Expensive ? Yes, but 

then what's £5 to a Yuppie. 

Getting ahead 

M Investment trust share 
price performance last month 
was strong. The sector beat 
the FT Actuaries All-Share 
Index by 1 .3 per cent and is 
1Z3 per cent ahead for the 
year. In share price terms it 
ts the Martin Currie Pacific 
fund which is the top 
performing trust over a one- 
year period. Its share price 
has increased by more than 80 

DetaBs: Association of 
Investment Trust Companies, 

16 Finsbury Circus, London 

name uuuuuui,*& 

5.2 per cent of morph] 11 ®* wh ere 
ihe morphine could not be 
recovered by readily appiicable 
means or in a vidd which would 
constitute a risk 10 health, dealt 
with the definition of the essen- 
tia] ingredients of the one nee. 

TharLordships allowed an 
appeal by Richard Selwyn Rus- 
seJiHunt from the Court of 
Appeal (Criminal Drvi^on) 
(LoidJustice Robert Goff Mr 
Justice Beldam and Mr Justice 
Hutchison) (The Tima. Octo- 
ber 24, 1985; [r9861 QB 125), 
which had dismissed his appeal 
«ainst his conviction at Lewes 
rrown Court (Judge Wingate. 

Kurt Should look 10 other 

considerations to determine the 

intention of Parliament, such as 

the mi^ ie f a L w a h 'ri h oractic3 

had been aimed and practical 

considerations affecting the bur- 
den of proof, m 
pasf or difficulty that the 
live parties would encounter in 

di Thatlasi consideration was of 
great importance, for surely 
Parliament could never hshd> 
be taken to have intended to 
impose an onerous duty on a 
defendant to prove his inno- 
cence in a criminal case and a 
court should be very slow w 
draw any such inference from 
the language of a statute. 

When all the cases were 
analysed, those in which the 
courts had held that the burden 
lay on the defendant were cases 
in which the burden could be 
easily discharged. 

In R v Edwards, at pp39-40. 
the Court of .Appeal had ex- 
pressed their conclusion in the 
form of an exception to what 
they had said was the fun- 
damental rule of our criminal 
law that the prosecution bad to 
prove every element of the 
offence charged. 

They had said that the excep- 
tion “is limited to offences 
arising under enactments which 
prohibit the doing of an act save 
in specified circumstances or by 
persons of specified classes or 
with specified qualifications or 
with the licence or permission of 
specified authorities”. 

His Lordship had little doubt 
that the occasions on which a 
statute would be construed as 
imposing a burden of proof on a 
defendant that did not fall 
within that formulation were 
likriv to be exceedingly rare, but 
be found it difficult 10 fit 
Nimmo ' s case into it and would 
prefer to adopt it as an excellent 
guide 10 construction rather 
than as an exception to a rule. 

In die final analysis, each case 
had to turn on the construction 
of the particular legislation to 
determine whether the defence 
was an exception within the 
meaning of section 101 of the 
Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 
which the Court of Appeal had 
rightly decided reflected the rate 
for trials on indictment. With 
that one qualification his Lord- 
ship regarded Edwards as rightly 

He was, of course, well aware 
of the body of distinguished 
academic and other opinion that 
urged that, wherever a burden of 
proof was placed on a defendant 
by statute, it should be eviden- 
tial and not persuasive. Such a 
fundamental change was. how- 
ever, a matter for Parliament, 

«««• mi ihp not a decision of the House of 
to prove, on tne . n - 

balance of protabdiues, teat the Tm-ning to the question of 

£u para Hh°n MCOTV construction with those consid- 

fellen within the relmrantereep- ^^5 in ^<1, the essence of 

non contained in the Regnla ^ offence having in one’s 


neithe r intend ed nor guili, the prosecution had, there- 
to discharge Cm^Tteat the prohib- 

QC and a]ury)*on t lKbniary 26. 
1985. of possessing a.controlled 
drug contrary 10 section 512) 01 
the 1971 Acl 

Mr Kenneth Zucker, QC and 
Mr Geoffrey W. Greenwood for 
the appellant: Mr Anthony 
Hacking. QC and Mr Michael 
Warren for the Crown. 

the prosecution had put an 
analyst’s report before the jury 
referring to powder found m the 
appellant's possession. 

Ithad read: “On July 19. 
1984, the following sealed item 
was received at the laboratory 
from Sussex Police, Eastbourne; 
RSE l Paper fold with powjer- 
The paper fold . - . contained 
154 milligrams of off-white 
powder. This powder was found 
to contain morphine mixed with 
caffeine and atropine. Morphine 
is a controlled drug within the 
[1971 Act], Pan I of Schedule 2 
(Class A drugs). Caffeine and 
atropine are not controlled 
under the [1971 Act].” 

At the close of the prosecution 
case counsel for the appellant 
had submitted that there was no 
rjw to answer, because, inter 
alia, the prosecution had called 
no evidence as to the proportion 
of morphine contained in the 
powder found in the appellant’s 

The judge had ruled against 
that submission. The appellant 
had changed his plea to guilty 
and. after being formally con- 
victed by the jury, had been 
sentenced to three months’ 
imprisonment suspended for 
two years. ... 

It was apparent that the judge 
had rejected the submission of 
no case because he was of the 
opinion that Schedule 1 to the 
1973 Regulations only applied 
to possession by such persons as 
doctors, dentists, veterinary sur- 
geons and pharmacists. 

For the reasons given by the 
Court of Appeal that had been 
an erroneous view of the scope 
of the Regulations and the 
prosecution did not seek to 
uphold iL ...... 

The Court of Appeal had held 
that the burden bad lain on the 
appellant to move, on the 

proof the Court of Appeal had 
upheld the conviction. 

The appellant challenged 
their decision by two entirely 
distinct arguments. He submit- 
ted that, on the true construc- 
tion of the Act and the 
Regulations, they had been 
wrong to hold that the burden 
had been on him to prove that 
the powder had tellen within 
Schedule 1 to the Regulations - 
an argument depending on a 
close consideration of the 
particular legislation. 

He also, however, raised an 
argument of far wider ranging 
significance based on the do- 

ited substance had been in the 
possession of the defendanL 

As it was an offence to have 
morphine in one form but not 
an offence to have it in another 
form, the prosecution had to 
prove that it had been in the 
prohibited form, for otherwise 
no offence was established. 

His Lordship regarded regula- 
tion 4 as in a quite different 
category from the other regula- 
tions in Part II of the 1973 
Regulations. It dealt not with 
exceptions to what would other- 
wise be unlawful but with the 
definition of the essential 
ingredients of an offence. 

ISTsub: ^nsUBted by reference lo reguJa- 

— * -■ of “ft SS3MK 

had to be similarly construed. 

The appeal should be allowed 
and the conviction quashed. 

Lord Keith agreed with Lord 
Griffiths. Lord Templeman 
delivered a concurring speech. 

LORD MACKAY, agreeing 
with Lord Griffiths, said tiiat the 
case emphasized the need for 
absolute clarity in the terms of 
tiie analyst’s certificate founded 

» ^SSmKSTSSS sJ” u “ proseculi ° n “ “* 

subject to ... the defence of 

R v Edwards ([1975J QB 27) had 
been wrongly decided by the 
Court of AppeaL 

Considering the la ner argu- 
ment first, the starting- point 
was the celebrated passage iu the 
speech of Viscount San key, 
Lord Chancellor, in 
Woolminglon, at pp48 1-482: 

“Throughout the web of the 
English criminal law one golden 
thread is always to be seen, that 

insanity and subject also 10 any 
statutory exception.” 

The appellant submitted that 
in using ihe phrase “any statu- 
tory exception” Lord Sankey 
had been referring to statutory 
exceptions in which Parliament 
bad by the use of express words 
placed the burden of proof on 
the accused. There were, of 
course, many examples of such 
statutory drafting. 

In nis Lordship’s view, 
Woolmington had not Iain 
down a rule that the burden of 
proving a statutory defence only 

It would be wise, where there 
was any possibility of one of the 
descriptions in the relevant 
Schedule applying to the sub- 
stance that was the subject of the 
certificate, that the analyst 
should state expressly whether 
or not the substance fell within 
that description as well as 
stating whether or not it was a 
controlled drug within the 
meaning of the 1971 Acl 
L ord Ackner delivered a 
concurring speech. 

Solicitors: Sylvester Small & 
Co, Finsbury Park; DPP. 

Disciplining solicitor 

In re a Solicitor 
Where the Solicitors Disci- 
plinary Tribunal had acquitted a 
solicitor of a. charge of conduct 
unbefitting a solicitor, being the 
only charge preferred against 
him, it cud not have power 
under rule 34 of the Solicitors 
(Disciplinary Proceedings) 
Rules (1985 SI No 226) to 
reprimand him on the basis that 
he bad felled adequately to 
supervise an unadmitted legal 
‘executive, i ~ 

The Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Court (Lord Lane, Lord 
Chief Justice, Mr Justice 
McCowan and Mr Justice Si- 
mon Brown) so held on Decem- 
ber li allowing in part a 
solicitor’s appeal against an 
order of the tribunal reprimand- 
ing him and awarding costs 
against him. The court quashed 
the reprimand and ordered the 
solicitor 10 pay half the costs 
below but awarded him the 
costs of the appeaL 



\ri „ 



T ]pr2 

* W 1 \ 



Time to 
give an 
ear to the 

5p0rt? writers of 7%? TTmcs 
present their selection from the 
sporting books of the year. 
Today, David Bands , on the 
best from the world of rugby. 

It is nocoften me feels obliged 
to place a coaching "»««» at 
the head of a book hst; generally 
because they are neither easy on 
the eye nor the mind and they 
speak to a limited audience, ail 
toe frequently holders of coach- 
ing certificates themselves. 

There are exceptions. Think 
Rugby by Jim Greenwood 
(Adam and Charles Black, 
£&95L a companion volume to 
the same author’s Total Rugby, 
is one. Greenwood writes with 
the authority of one who played 
hhnsetf, as back row forward, for 
Scotland and the British lions, 
and then became synonymous 
with so many talented L©f®ts- 
boroagh Colleges teams during 
the l%Os and 1970s. 

My own mem ories of him are 
more basic, as a schoolboy in 
Wiltshire when he was one of a 
visiting pane! of experts brought 
to the school by the new roaster 
in charge of rugby (who was 
Welsh and taught Latin). We 
suffered that day, day in the 
hands of Greenwood and ids 
allies, but we learned more in 
one afternoon than we ever 

“ Greenwood spent two years 
recently on sabbatical at the 
University of Tsakaba in Japan 
where “it seemed desirable to 
develop a system for helping to 
improve decision-making”. 
Hence the reference, throughout 
his book, to the TDM — the 
tartica] decision-maker— a crea- 
ture which obviously exists 
throughout British rugby hot 
whose quality is far from uni- 
formly good. 

Lively writing 
retains interest 

But Greenwood does not be- 
come bogged down in technical 
anal ysis, or little drawings 
describing moves. His writing 
remains lively; "The TDM can 
suffer, fike Bnridan’s ass or 
myself in Marks and Spencers, 
as much from too wide a range of 
choice as from one too 
restricted.” This is the key to 
retaining interest and also, by 
breaking down his approach to 
smt the needs of player, of 
coach, of selector and, indeed, 

The criticism has ben sawfe, 
of English rngby certainly, that 
too few officials who watch 
rngby know what they are 
looking for. Greenwood says: "If 
yon don't look for it (certain 
specifics hi the game), yon won't 

see it If yon try to see everything 

Injury-hit South-West 
hope Barnes recovers 
for London showdown 

Tony Doyle: Master of the Sixes 

By David Hands, Rugby CdfresiK Hi d e i rt 

It is, perhaps, a pious prayer 
since the weather reports are 
not good for the south-west, 
hut the England selectors will 
hope that the rain does not 
turn the Bath Recreation 
Ground into a quagmire for 
the second weekend of the 
Thom EMI divisional champ- 
ionship today. They will be 
looking for a more productive 
game horn the South-West 
and London than that which 
London played against the 
Midlands last weekend. 

Equally, at the other end of 
the country, they will be 
looking to see if the North’s 
win against the South-West 
last weekend was a flash in the 
pan or whether, against the 
Midlands at Gosfbrth, they 
can indicate that an eclectic 
side can come together in an 
effective and entertaining way 
against a team whose virtues 
tend towards the solid rather 
than inspirational. 

There have been changes in 
all four divisional sides and 
there may yet be one more: the 
South-West selectors are giv- 
ing Stuart Barnes, their stand- 
off hal£ as long as possible to 
recover from a haematoma on 
the hip. Should he be forced to 
withdraw, Mike Hamlin, of 
Gloucester, will come into the 
side, as he did in the equiva-. 

lent fixture last season when 
London won 22-3. 

Injuries have already forced 
the South-West into making 
two changes: Chris Martin 
moves to the left wing, which 
leaves Jon Webb to play full 
back, and John Gadd comes in 
at blind-side flanker for John 
HalL It is four years since 
Gadd toured North America 
with England and came as 
close to an England cap die 
year after as an appearance for 
an England XV against Can- 
ada would indicate. 

His selection does mean 
more lineout work for David 
Egerton, the No 8 who, in the 
opinion of his dub and di- 
visional coach, Jade Rowell, 
played exceptionally well last 

London will be happy to test 
Webb's defensive qualities. 
With Maurice Colclough back 
in their pack, replacing Sean 
O'Leary, they are well-placed 
to give the Bath tight forwards 
the kind of examination that 
Wasps failed to when they met 
Bath a month ago. 

London would like to give 
their backs a run; the South- 
West backs would enjoy being 
given enough ball to have a 
run; the North's backs have 
already given an indication of 
their worth: “If they get the 

hall in their hands a dozen 
times in a match I’d fancy us 
against anyone,” David Rob- 
inson, their coach, said. 

The North have lost Jim' 
Syddall from their pack be- 
cause of a strained hamstring 
and his place goes to his 
Waterloo colleague, Nigel 
Wilkinson, which may mean 
extra work for Wade Dooley. 

Teams: At Bath; 

SOUTH-WEST (Baft uttei stand): 
Wabb (Bristol): A Swift. S HaHav. 
Koibba (Bristol). C Hntin; S Samos, R HU 
(capQ; G CMcott a Dnm, R Laa. J QacU 
r). J Morrison, N Raeknan. A 
D rawmii 

untoON (Wasps unless Stated): N 
8 Bates; P Randal A 

Ratensa: D Matthews (Liverpool- 

Kale); M Ha rri so n 
inmnov, CBptf, K SHOTS (HttSDl), W 
barfing (Durtram University), R Undar- 
wood ‘ ' “ *“ “ 


Withy nan signs 
with Nottingham 

By David Hands 

at once, youll eudJBpseereg- 
on thing.” 

Readers off these columns may , 
have noticed that a pet hate is 
the rash of ^utoWogyaphles’* 
with which rugby has beep 
blessed in recent yean. Stand- 
ing Off by Gareth Darks with 
Terry Godwin (Macdonald 
Queen Anne Press, £8-95) is a 
significant improvement on 
many of them, as modi as 
anything became the anthers do 
not grind away at indmiaals 
^ who happen to have opset them 
' bm at the system whose anoma- 
lies hare grown to excess. 

Davies, the former Cardin. 
Wales and British Lkms stand- 
off half, left the intern ational 
scene in controversial drcum- 
stnnces; he makes some testing 
points with candonrand validity, 
without the desperate insisteare 
that he is right *nd everyone else 

is wrong. „ _ . . 

I enjoyed reading Out of the 
Reck, edited bythmd Parry- 
Jones (Pelham Books, £12 J*) 

though I ffrfrik it is over-priced- 

Anthologies cf sports writingare 
linked more naturally wits 
cricket hot these reports of 
games and players pnatm ■ 
pleasura ble t ramp through 
rugby's history. 

Read E H D Sewell in 1922 
inveighing against the fawns** 
oT tire field a* half-time by the 
' crowd: “Since time immemorial 

those minutes have been coh- 
ered sacred to the somewhat 
astringent but 
refreshing lemm- Or toe 
moor of Mictael G*bson, ti»e 
Ireland and 

off half, culled froma 
international match prosrafj™*; 
Some of the best writings abort 
rugby derive from programme* 

swSbly tbe Uuhwsrty Mat* 
ones when, invarmMj. 
monr and mischief of yoyAbatt 
up against the experience of 
middle age. 

The heady days 
of Welsh rugby 

ij Let qs end with the ^ e j s ^? 



to the rise of 

brightest stars I s 

too is the social context 
Samuel tells his *W'*** xC * 

which is ^^fSTSiioyed 
When Welsh ragbS r « 

its heady days m 
Samuel was one trf 

mach rngby was he tog ^ 

hovs flt J®® yopy s j oka 

HLJ: the enthusiasm and the 

tubes ap and flows 

of the affluent j^d into 

Children gjj ^«)lve 

pursuits which do cflre c f 
physical e0Bt "f*: medw* ^ 


responsibility of the atsi fear 
Nowadays tbe« J® t0 be nn- 
of allowing children M 
supervised m j* , "Edeed: if 

areas.” the one 

Saaud’sbook^J^ screen a»l 
from the te **”^ wa ioes to the 
offer* rJSiJk> lL 


Tom Withyman who, with 
Robert Wain wright, led such a 
valiant Cambridge pack in de- 
feat against Oxford in the 
University match on Tuesday, 
is the third Light Blue to join 
Nottingham during the Christ- 
mas holidays. 

Withyman, the former Eng- 
land Schools No 8 from Spal- 
ding, will play for the second 
team against Leicester Extras 
today while his university col- 
leagues, Kelvin Wytesand Chris 
On. make their first-team de- 
buts against Loughborough 

Nottingham, with nine regu- 
lars away with either the Mid- 
lands or the Anglo-Scots, will 
watch the development of their 
new yo un gster s with interest. 
Their three-quarters today con- 
sist of Oti, Wyies, Clifton Jones 
and Rofrin " Neisonr-Wffliams, a 
rarity in English first-class rugby 
because all except Wyies are 
Mack; England still await their 
first coloured international 
since “Darkle’ Peters before die 
First World War. 

The only doubt in the Not- 
tingham line-up is over Richard 
Byrom, the full back who suf- 
fered a hamstring injury last 

Withyman’s progress will also 
be charted carefully because 
although Nottingham have 
Steve Hughes playing very well 
at No 8. his tour of duty (be is a 
Royal Marine captain) ends in 
April and his next posting has 
yet to be decided. Withyman is 
only 20 but if he can steer dear 
of injury, he is a fine prospect at. 
6ft 5m and 15st 101b. 

Nottingham will also take 
note of their second team’s 
result because this season the six 
major Midland clubs arenm- 
ning an unofficial competition 


Moseley v Bristol 
Bristol have dropped Bteckmora ter 
this John Smith's mart table A 
game and pair SJuwe w*h 
Ptmphrey at lock. Hardtog and 
WDKama return to tha backs against 
Moseley who play Parsons on the 
wing arid CohwaH at scrum half. 

Richmond v Rosslyn Park 
Chris Mffls. Injured in the contreww- 
sial match at Swansea, ts back to 
crop tor Richmond who have Cuflen 
at scrum halt after divisional squat 
duty last weekend. Pant are sou 
without Henderson, Mr captain 
and prop, for th is ^tebteBgan^ 
so Renny continues m the front row. 
Lon Irish v Northampton 
Mike Gibson will lead the Irish in the 
second table B gamein the absence 
through injury of ODomvei. Dewy 
comes In at scrum hah far Norm- 
ampton who have Coxat wop tor 
Pearce, who is playing for the 
Midlands. . 

Wasps v London Scottish 
Wasps have asked for iMs merit 
table A game to be de-menteo 
because of divisional demands on 
the dub. Nevertheless they have a 
useful back five forwffl-ds. focfcxftng 
O'Leary, Pegierand Bison. ^ agate* 
a Scottish side weakened by Anglo- 
Scottish calls. 

Bedford e Harlequins 

John Kingston captains Harlequins 


ances with no mtemationai in tnetr 
ranks. Thompson, whose mf nas 

this season, P&i^stend^haif 

mstaad cal the injured Ebsworth. 

Neath v Bridgend 

Tho turn too clubs m Whnoraaa 
merit *tebletoeet at lha Snoll, wtth 

for their second teams — in 
which Leicester are the current 
leaders on points difference 
from Northampton and Mose- 

^The competition currently ex- 
ists by mutual agreement and 
will be reviewed at the end of 
this season. 

Leicester themselves play 
Blackheath at Welford Road, a 
Blackbeath somewhat miffed 
when finding themselves being 
described as successful only 
against teams weakened; by 
representative calls- A disas- 
trous ran of injuries has meant 
■that, for much of this season, 
B l a ckheath have been (tipping 

into their fourth and fifth teams 
for players; they have had to 
nt»k« do without experienced 
hands Nick Colyer, and promis- 
ing youngsters, Steve Slack and 
Bobby Howe, Tor the last four 

S uccess last weekend against 
the Harlequins was entirely on 
'merit (the Harlequins have seen 
i fit to change half their side for 
■today’s game a gains t Bedford) 
land Blackheath will hope, to 
'repeat that victory against 
Leicester. Slack has recovered 

from a broken bone in the hand 
and joins a forceful back row of 
Malcolm WlUden and Danny 
Vanghan but there remains no 
sign of Howe, the hooker who 
made such an impact last season 
that he won England under-23 
honours against Spain - A ne ck 
injury has held ap his return to 

Leicester themselves are 
pessimistic about the prospects 
ofPauI Dodge recovering from a 

broken finger i“ tin* w P*«y 
against the Barbarians on 
December 27, so they will be 
watching tan Bales’s form in the 
centre today. 

ham). M Non 
aria (MosBtay 

Moon (Nottingham).- S Raritan (Lsicss- 
tar). B Mom (Nottingham), G Paarc* 

(Northampton), J Wafa (Leicester). N 
Mantel (Nottingham, capq. J Omnia 
(Bedford), G Rm» (Nottingham), D ffleh- 


look the 
better side 

By Tun MrT jmrhlan Tamu4iiiig rimes Doyle (below) sling s in favomite partner Clark as a six-day tempo rises 

The McEwan’s Scottish inter- a ^ 

SsSSFS Perpetual competitor seeks 

Edinburgh at Cupar. A . • • 

£•&&£ & some domestic recogmtion 

City side which scored nine in _ . __ . 

only one outing. By John Wflcockson 

Edinburgh have one change at 

flanker, where Millar, the young n 0 snertmau in Britain, per- and a small paring motorcycle Danny won five races tfcii 
Watsoma^ replaces Jim Cakte, even In the world, can daim and its rider for company. wi * t er? We are the stronges 

Wh ° towark as hard as professional This ascetic style of training and we like to prove rt. . 

cydfst, Tony Doyle. Last night perhaps helps Doyle to perform Doyle and Clark are paid goo 

Midlands were to wm, suid the - m Maastricht, a small Dutch demuding Six- money by toe cuntinoital rac 

15 10 town in toe Lhabmrg coal nriniug Day drenit, in which the riders directors — tip to 108,000 wi 

k “p district, he cootinaed his tread- ^ odSl upon to race their pay to watch tfeaacthm over th 

“d® ^ ^ “W** »“-day hardest at the most muodable of six days and mghts of r an aq 

Si? ^ race iff his winter season that boars. Last month, far example, during which the leading team 

SwSJ began in West Berlin just eight - m zarkh the raring ended at can cover around L,0®0 miles. 

^^toeMtwni^hte. Maintahring ead. ride^ 

prop?The visitors What is so remarkable about ^ 

tove Beazfey in for Ian Mo- the six foot, 12 and a half stone ^ ^ "y*— g-. jWf 

Donald on tte wing, and Reid in Doyle, is that he never stops SffS 

place of Butcher. competing. Rom October to » Staines, drivra through “g 

P *One of the main areas of February be ponds «t te- ’STSSS 

interest in this game will be m sands of miles around toe 1JW o Already to 

the lineout contest between Coll steeply-honked timber tracks of ba*i fomr Bteisaealt, art 

McDonald and Gray, and .Europe's indoor stadiums and to“ ^ 3 three * 7 wheels, thra 

Paxton and Tomes. If the through the summer he com- SSjKwSSiteffdSkSiton E * fint 1001 
Anglos can gain the upper hand UBteTfufl seasmi of road racing SS^^SJiSSSroLvLSS f w 

inu^ department and capital- with preparations for his year’s Bertm event just over three years tyn ^ 

ize on toe weakness in the athletic highlight, toe world ,a 8°- Illness is a o onstaut bedfello 

south's senwnmage, they could prafesshmaT 5,000 metres pur- His partna- then. Eke his of the riders. They may have i 

upset the odds. smt championship. partner taight, was Dsmy race as many as 15 events eat 

However, the South, with 13 n . . Clark, aged 35, from Tasmania evening, with toe resnftai 

tniernatkmals on show and two .. who is the fifth most successful sweating and changing of rw 

indifferent games under their Ban «5 ^oo m as own imm^m six-day man of all time. To- dotfaing each time. The maini 

belts, will, I am sure, show then *■“ tvs supp ort crew m cswan, gether, they make the most old-fashioned arenas are ofti 
true form in front of their own moMo n r ano meroam c fonaidaMe team in the sport filkd with tobacco smoke ax 

crowd. , are either too hot, or too cold 

FourScottish internationals HbrauUhS Doyle gets frustrated at toe especially bithose arenas whk 

"wraj torn anmyio PtyJ” mataTfor^ BriS* mS's almost total lack also bold an k* nnk. 

second rinS h kus career and of recog niti o n for his achieve- As a nice change, Doyle wi 

and White wp be red* immcdiatelv his ments. “Having reached the top spend Christmas and the Ne 

pack to play Howe of Fife/wh^ wSS^S 80- it's not at aU how I imagined it," Year raring in the AnstroUa 

Scott Hastingsis firal of to? Kellogg’s he said. “People don’t muter- sunshine in a series of festiraJ 

WatsooMS. and Duncan re- ScSreCtalimfoiSSSS\t *mnd what I have done, they with Clark in Tasmania. B, 
tmns to tlM right wmg for West ijty^^ F ^ pUWI ^ don't know what it means. I even they return in early January 1 
of Scotland. . .. have nroMems hi explaining compete In the six-day races i 

Bridgend prop Stephens making tas 
350 m appearance. Webbo and Mod 
WBiams return from trial duty but 
Mark Jones, Neath's No 8. has a 
hand Injury. 

London Welsh v Cardiff 

Cotyn Price returns to lead the 
Wash, Howard Evans moving out to 
.centra, against tha Cardiff midfield 
pairing of Cardus and Donovan 
(Ring nas a shoulder injury). Golding 
replaces Crothers in the vlsftjng 
back row. 

Coventry v Liverpool/St 

Steve Freemantte makes his debut 
at hooker tar Coventry, in the 
absence on the Midlands bench of 
Farrington. After a long-term snide 
injury Stuart Hafl returns to the wing 
and Minshull at centre ' against the 
high-riding amalgamated Liverpool 
cub. . 

Aberavon v Newport 
Paui Reas returns at tufl back tor 
Newport who have not won at 
Aberavon tor 1 5 yearaBtefan Jones 
replaces the injured Mike Lewis at 
stand-off for Aberavon Mho have 
Giles and James Dack. 

Leicester v Blackheath 
Leicester field two of their inter- 
nationals, Youngs and Hare, against 
Blackheath who have Gareth 
Hughes at stand-off for Slater, who 
ts in India tor a wedding. Purchase 
returns to the wing aiw Bond leads ■ 
the ride in the absence of the 
injured Hunsey. 

Fylde v Hawick 
Fyttte Raid thair htgb-scortog wings, 
Hanavan and Preston, against 
Hawick, leaders at the Scottish 
national league. Pad Dooley, youn- 
ger brother of Wade, plays at lock. 

Christie to 

By George Ace 

Colin Christie, the North 
outside half who has been 
whispered as a possible replace- 
ment for Ian Brown in the 
Ulster team next season, 
switches to full back for the 
section one senior league game 
at Ormeau against Bangor this 

Christie is replaced by Charlie 
Beverland. promoted from the 
seconds, and regular full back, 
Ian Warke, is on the right wing. 
Up front Keith Shields, the 
former Dungannon back row 
forward, is preferred on the 
Dank to Trevor Howard. 

The Bangor captain. Garth 
Maxwell, is still an absentee but 
the Bass Boston Cup holders 
who attempt to retain the trophy 
against Ballymena on Tuesday 
night, are still a formidable 
outfit and will start favourites. 

The only other section one 
game is at Ards where the home 
team meet Malone, who have 
only one point from two games 
'•following last week’s un- 
expected defeat by Instonians. 
Both teams are at full strength. 

BXTURE& Ulster Santa- Lmhok Sta- 
tion one: Ards v Malone. NKfo v Ssngor. 
Sectlaa two: Armagh v CIYmS. 
Dungannon v City of Deny, Portadown v 
Academy- CU> Sawwr Brihmana v 
testortans, Cotegrtns v Wanderers, 
Queen's Univ v Terms. 

No sportman in Britain, per- 
haps even In the world, cun daim 
to work as hard as professional 
cydfst, Tony Doyle. Last night 
in Maastricht, a small Dirich 
town in the Ltaubmrg coal mining 
district, he cootinaed his tread- 
mill fife with the eighth six-day 
race of his winter season that 
began in West Berlin just eight 
weeks ago. 

What is so remarkable about 
the six foot. 12 and a half stone 
Doyle, is that he never stops 
competing. From October to 
February he pounds out thou- 
sands of miles around toe 
steeply -hanked timber tracks of 
I £urope's indoor stadiums and 
through the summer he com- 
bines a feDseaseu of road racing 
with preparations for his year’s 
athletic highlight, toe world 
professional 5,000 metres pur- 
suit championship. 

This year, Doyle spent more 
than £S$00 of his own money to 
take Ms support crew ef coach, 
masseur and m echanic to the 
world championships at Colo- 
rado Springs in toe western 
United States. He came back 
with toe gold medal far the 
second tim * in his career and 
immediately demonstrated his 
versatility by winning toe 80- 
kflometre final of the Kellogg's 
City Centre Championships at 

When he is not raring, this 
apparently rather con- 
ventionally married, nriddle- 
rfas* man, aged 28, who used to 
be a sales assistant at 
Self ridges, drives from his serai- 
snbnrban hone near Woking to 
the bleak, oH-fosIwmed cycle 
track at Horae HDl in Sonto 
London where he trains for two 
solitary boms with only the wind 

By John Wflcockson 

and a small paring motorcycle 
and its rider for company. 

This ascetic style of training 
perhaps helps Doyle to perform® 
so well oo the demanding Six- 
Day circuit, in which the riders 
are called upon to race their 
hardest at the most unsociable of 

hours. Last month, for emsfle* 
m Zurich the raring ended at 
five ajn.M the final two nights. 
’ Until Doyle broke into toe 
didst ranks of EnropeanSix- 
Day stars— he started in 1980 at 
the last Wembley event — no 
British rider had woo more than 
two such races since official 
records began in 1899. Already, 
this winter, Doyle has won four 
Sixes to bring ms career total to 
10 since he broke bis duck iu the 

Berlin event jnst over three years 

His partner then. Eke his 
partner tonight, was Danny 
Clark, aged 35, from Tasmania 
who is the fifth most succe ssful 
six-day man of all time. To- 
gether, they make the most 
formid able team in the sport 

Doyle gets frustrated at toe 
British media’s almost total lack 
of recog niti o n for his achieve- 

he said. “People don't under- 
stand what I have dose, they 
don’t know what it means. I even 
have problems in explaining 
what a pursuit is. A six-day? 
Well, that’s impossible.” 

He was angered by the 
suggestion that people did not 
appreciate six-day racing be- 
came the results were fixed. 
“That may haw been the case 
once, but It certainly isn't any 
longer,” he continued. “How 
come that I've won four and 

Danny has won five races this 
winter? We are the strongest 
and we like to prove ft.” 

Doyle ami Clark are paid good 

money by the cootiMntel rare 
directors — up to 109,®®SI will 
pay to watch the action over tis 
six days and n ights of racing, 
taring which the leading teams 
can cover around 1,06® nailes. 

Maintahring each rider’s 
equipment is a major headache 
for die mechanics. Doyle's me- 
chanic, Steve Saowting, from 
Staines, drives throsgb toe night 
between events — from Munich 
to Paris, for instance — In a 
small Renault, jam-packed with 
three bikes, 17 wheels, three 
giant tool boxes and an air 
compressor he nses for inflating 

Illness is a constant bedfellow 
of the riders. They may have to 
race as many as 15 events each 
evening, with the resultant 
sweating aad changing ef race 
dotfaing each time. The mainly 
old-fashioned arenas are often 
filled with tobacco smoke and 
are either too hot. or too cold - 
especially in those arenas which 
also hold an icerink. 

As a nice change , Doyle will ! 
spend Christmas and the New 
Year racing in the Australian 
sunshine in a series of festivals 
with Clark in Tas m a n i a . But 
they return in early January to 
compete In the six-day races at 
Bremen, Stuttgart, Rotterdam 
and Copenhagen in quick 

It was an understatement 
when Doyle said that he is quite 
relieved to see the end ®f the 
winter season and the last of 
those indoor arenas. “The race 
directors treat ns like an im a ls ," 
he reflected. 


THORN eki divisional 


MBrth V MkflaMs 

gouth West v London (at Bath. 10)—— 


Covertry vLhwportSt Helans (3JJ) 

u/wafa v n Bristol (3-0)—" 

$ 5 iSpsv London ScotMta — 

tables _ 

London Irish v Northamp®"-- — 

fl2£st«ncJ v Rosslyn Paris (Z-15)_ 


Bvkenlwad Pa* v 


IflfowVaie v Uaneifc — 

d W* 


Nawfartdgav Swansea (3£) 

New EWgraon v Matao- 

poffan Police ( 3.0) - — 

Northern v 0nrf:_ 

Nu tfoglw n ivLnughfaonauflff 
Mages (3J) „ ■ 

Nuneaton v Pcrrtypoot — — 

PtyrauthAHon v South Wales 

Pita^^S h oaMn i v She ffi eld.... . 7 - 
Rugby v StaeathanvCrowlo n ...... 

Sa3v WateriooJ2.1 5) — — 

Saracens v US Portsmouth (2.15) 

WakeftekfvMUdlestHajgh — : 

West Hartlepool v Btrm- 

PtONSW. North MUands v BBnburoh 
jatjgesuj; South v Anglo Soots pd 

Maidenhead; Banbury v Oxfonj 0B: 
BackenhamvOld SeccetendawSuiySi 
Edmunds v ipswfch YMCA; Cheknsford v 
Cambndgs; Cheshunt v Aytesbury; 
Eastleigh v Esso FawteK Eton Mmor v 
Rochfrinfc FUBertans v Qo^MtanlenK 
Grawsond v Askaans Gufldtond and 
GodUming v OU UMtafdans; Hanley v 
Eafing: Ipswich v Bacfcrd Wande rer s ; 
Kettering v Bedford Athletic Unton v 
Greenwich; . London Hospital » Upper 
Ospton: London N2 v Southend: North- 
amptnn Wanderers v Hltfi Wyoombe; Old 

Cantabrigians v Hertford; OW Cran- 
Mgharo v CM Senice: Okl Gaytortians v 
Havant; Old StxbboniansvOki Emanuel: 
Old WoBtdlfBans v Cofchestan Puriey v 
Dartfordians: Saffron Waldan v 
Stodcwood Parte Saracens Crusaders v 
Norwich; Sldcup v OiMa Rosie (Bu- 
charest); Slough v Lansbury; Staines v i 
Salisbury; Tabard v Hartw Thames 
PoMechnie v Cantarbury; Thurrock v 
Wateham; Trotms vlewes; WateaB 1 
vEcner wanstead vRchlqr.wooctfoni v 
Wastcombe Parte 


tw-fioat Bradford Northern v HuH [2,15). 



ttr-finate: Barrow v Widnes (231% St 
Helens v tfter^ton: Wtoan v L^h. 
v Hufl Kft CHdham v HaBtoq Wakefield v 
Festheretons (3 JO). Second tfaUn; 
Bauey v nomaie (230); Caifisie v 
tnsiet (at Penrith); v seckpod 

15): HudAtrafiela v WortAuton ©J% 

mJghiey v Donceetor 0.15* MuiisMd v 
Runcorn PJD); Swtnton v Dewsbury; 
Whitehaven v Brsmtey (3^0); York v 
Sheffield R.15L 


De Silva gets 
Sri Lanka off 
to bright start 

Kobiapur, India (Renter) - 
Aravinda de Silva hit an un- 
beaten century in his first tour 
innings as Sn Lanka made an 
imposing start to their three-day 
matrii against the Indian 
Under-25 team yesterday. 

De Silva batted for an un- 
defeated 109 out of Sri Lanka’s 
223 for one at tea on the first 
day, having shared an unfin- 
ished second wicket stand of 1 91 
with Roshan Mahanama, who 
was 81 notouL 
De Silva and Mahanama, 
who came together when the 
opener Guy de Alwis fell 
cheaply with the total mi 32, 
lifted the score to 83 for one at 
lunch and afterwards took 
advantage of a placid pitch. De 
Silva struck four sixes and 10 

Sri Lanka, who drew their 
opening game against the Indian 
Board President's side, suffered 
their only setback after winning 
the toss when de Alwis was 
caught at third slip off the 
medium pacer Bharat Aran for 

Aran, who is uncapped, has 
been included in India’s squad 
for the first Test against Sri 
Lanka, which starts on 

SRI LANKA Frat Innings 

fi Mahanama st Karim b Khan 91 

ffSdoMwscSdhubArun . .13 

P A de Share! hurt 109 

A Ranstunga c Sdhu b Arun _____ 64 

Ft L Bias not out — 35 

*LR D Mentis not oul 2 

Extras ft 4. to 9. nb 11, w 6) 29 | 

Tetal(3wMs) 363 


Worcestershire lose 
Roberts to GB trial 

By Sydney Friskin 

BOWLING: Ann 20-2-703; Shone 13-1- 
50-0, PoonawaBa 3-1-1 Oft SUhu 3-1-15- 
o Krtan 18-1-94-1; Jadhav 12*2-69-0; 
Sriama 13-042-0. 

IMXAN UNDER-2& Xlwntttewit 
Nwjyot sum. Cartkin Sateanha, Rlaz 
Poonawala. Sfetitant. KWanL Aiay 
Shama, SMkant Jtohav, Bunt Ann, 
tSyed Karim. Gamin atoms, AtimKhen. 

Yet another training weekend 
for the Great Britain squad has 
deprived a team of a leading 
player for an important event. 
The latest to suffer are 
Worcestershire, who will start 
their county championship 
semi-final against Cheshire at 
Willesden today without Jona- 
than Roberts, and they are not 
happy about it. 

With the Olympic Gaines two 
yeara away, the exercises of the 
British squad still take priority 
over the county championship 
as the race continues to finish it 
before Christmas each year. A 
fortnight ago, Yorkshire lost 
Rftitond to ihe same cause and 
were beaten by KenL 

Tbe attacking qualities of 
Worcestershire and Gbeslnre 
mak e their match an exciting 
prospect. Both prosper by strong 
wing play, Greene on the right 
for Cheshire, and Marshall in 
tbe same position for 
Worcestershire. Both have skin 
and craft at centre halt in Royce 
for Cheshire, and MaDctt for 

On the left wing however, 
Cheshire have a slight problem. 
Sleigh, who is extremdy fast, 
has pulled a thig h muscle -and 
his place win be taken by LaitL 
But Grimiey, who missed the 
match last week against Essex, ts 
bade from an indoor training 
weekend to fill the gap at inside, 
left His return should give 
Cheshire a slight edge. 

Cheshire’s last appearance in 
the final was in the 1966-67 
season when they lost 2-0 to 
Wiltshire, the team they had 
beaten ihe previous year by tbe 
gamp score. Before that, they 

I were beaten 2-1 by Middlesex m 

the 1960-61 final. Two seasons 
ago. Worcestershire reached the 
final and beat Middlesex 3-2 
after extra time. Last year they 
lost 1-0 to Devon after doing 
more of the attacking. 

Devon, runners-up to Surrey 
in last season's final, have t ak e n 
eight players into their squad 
from Isca, the West League 
champions, foremost among 
them Robert and Graham Skin- 
ner. Two other brothers, Tim 
and Roger Shobrook, come 
from Plymouth. 

Devon were taken to extra 
time in the quarter-finals by an 
experienced Cambridgeshire 
side, who lost 3-2, and experi- 
ence is a potent factor for Kent 
who have drawn heavily on 
Bromley for their strength, 
particularly in defence. There, 
the striking power ofRichards at 
corners is their mainstay. Berry, 
the Beckenham player, and 
Abreo, of Blackheath are their 
best hopes in attack. 

Kent's last appearance in the 
final was in the 1978-79 season, 
when they defeated Norfolk 341 
at Crystal Palace. Because of tbe 
difference m the systems at 
divisional level, Devon have 
played seven matches to reach 
the semi-finals, against Kent’s 
five. The latter have scored 10 
goals and conceded two, while 
Devon’s record is 19 for and six 


Drug-testing of players will be 
carried out during the weekend 
and the final will be played 
tomorrow at tbe same venue. 

FIXTURES (at WMsduty; Tatar. Sta- 
filiate: Worcestershire v Cheshire 
Q1 .30am): Devon v Kent (2pm). Bandar- 1 
bast Mtorasterstwre or Cheshire v| 
Devon or Kare (ii-SOam). 


Change of 
dates is 
a financial 

By Fat Batcher 
A thforirs Correspondent 

The efapre te of dales for their 
finandalyear Das saved Uk 
B ritish athletics auth orities 
from further embarrassment 
At iu annual general meeting 
last week, the Amateur Athletic 

Associatio n was taken to task by 
the English dubs over account- 
ability for toe huge sums of 
money coming into the sport. 
Tomorrow, the British Amateur 
Athletic Board will report a 
small surplus of £9.000 for the 
period ending September 30. 
■which includes an extension of 
six months for administration 
purposes, and is more logical 
since the annual general meet- 
ings are in December. 

But that modification has 

become a face-saver, if the date 
had remained at March 31, the 
BAAB would have shown a 
massive loss of £147.000. Many 
more questions would have, 
been asked as to why tbe AAA 
had half a million pounds in the 
bank and tbe BAAB was still 
going cap in hand to the Sports 


AU of which points to the 
inevitability, now realized by 
most parties (there is some 
prevarication from the Scots) to 
amalgamate the disparate mo- 
tions of athletics administration 
in the four home countries, men 
and women alike. 

Although the Evans Report, 
by a former BAAB chairman on 
that very subject, is not on the 
agenda tomorrow since it has 
not yet been fully circularized, 
there are decisive moves for it to 
be discussed early in tbe new 
year. The feeling is that, with the 
BAAB’s nineteenth meeting to- 
morrow, there may be no need 
for another and the British 
Athletic Federation will be in 
place. ■ 

A vest for 
in dispute 

By Paul Martin 

Terry Thornton, a 19-year-old 
middle- and long-distance run- 
ner from Port Elizabeth, South 
Africa, has been picked to 
represent England in an inter- 
national cross-country event in 
Spain next weekend. Though he, 
unlike Zola Budd. was born here 
of English parents, the haste 
with which he has been chosen 
to don an English vest has been 
condemned by campaigners 
against South African sport. 

But Barry Walman, foe Eng- 
lish Cross-Country Union, sec- 
retary, retorted: “He is British, 
and his South African connex- 
ions have nothing to do with 

Thornton is aiming for inclu- 
sion in the British squad for the 
next world junior cross country 
championships in a few months 
time, and has designs on a place 
in foe Olympic team, though be 
regards Barcelona as more likely 
than SeouL In pure athletics 
terms, Thornton is an exciting 
prospect: he ran Britain’s sixth 
[ fastest 5,000 metre tune this 

; year, and was tbe best junior in 
his age group over 800 metres 
(Imin 49.6sec at foe Sooth 
| African schools championships 
| in October). 

Daring his previous stay in 
Fn glnnrf during bis school holi- 
days last year, he was picked as 
non-travelling second reserve 
forthe English team at the world 
junior cross country champion- 
ships, on foe . strength of two 
runaway wins in British races. 

Purely coincidentally, assures 
Nigel Cooper, foe British Ama- 
teur Athletics Board secretary, 
the young athlete has joined 
Zola Budd’sdub, Aldershot and 
Farnbam. There are some un- 
fortunate parallels: he will con- 
tinue to use a South African 
coach, a practice Zola has at last 
eschewed, and is honest enough 
to admit that his return to 
Britain is motivated .more by a 
desire to further his athletic 
pursuits rather than nascent 
British patriotism. “If I am 
going to do well I have to come 
here. My parents are dis- 
appointed but they 
understand,” he says. 


: Unique Curtis 
: Cup win nets 
writers’ award 

! The team of British and Irish 
1 women golfers, who mad e 
history amen they won the 
• Curtis Cup in America three 
months ago, were honoured on 
1 Thursday when the prestigious 
: Golf Writers' Trophy was 
awarded to them. 

Tbe Curtis Cup team were (he 
1 o verw hdLminrfy-popular choice 

overwbitaiingfy-popular choice 

for foe trophy, which is pre- 
sented annually to the player or 
players who have done most for 
the sport in Europe. 

They became foe first team - 

male or female, professional or 
amateur — to beat tbe Ameri- 
cans on their home soil, when 
they triumphed 13-5 at Prairie 
Dunes, Kansas. . 

Diane Bailey, «» ptmn of foe 
winning side, who, with her 
team-mates, was a guest at a 
Ladies’ Golf Union luncheon at 
The Belfry yesterday to ede- 
braie their success, said: I m 
absolutely thrilled for the twm. 

“Our victory hdP** 1 P“ l Bnt ' 
ish and Irish women’s amateur 
golf on the map again. It was 
another example of how much 
foe standard of womens golf 
throughout Europe is improving 
in every field. I hope our wm 
will prove an inspiration to 
other young players. 

“As for our team - that ays 
it all We are a team. We aU 
palled together. We wotted 

hard, prepared well and hed fun. 

Tbe players gave ) 01 per cent. I 
always believed in them and t 
helped them believe in 
i themselves.” 



e * * * g * si 


Lightly-weighted Bucko can add 
to Fitzgerald’s run of success 

i ••»{ • * ..Zbr?'. *5 ‘ " ; : ' 




West Tip, the winner of this 
year’s Grand National and a 
very likely winner of next 
year's Ain tree spectacular in 
my opinion, will have his 
second race of the season in 
the SGB Handicap Chase at 
Ascot today. 

His first outing was at 
Cheltenham eight days ago 
when he jumped and ran well 
even though he eventually 
finished last 

Twelve months ago. West 
Tip was runner-up to Door 
Latch in the corresponding 
race this afternoon- Now they 
both enter the fray again, their 
tasks increased greatly by the 
fact that they will be carrying 
171b and 131b more, 

This season. Door Latch has 
had two unhappy experiences. 
The first was here at Ascot last 
month when be made such a 
hash of jumping the 17th fence 
that his rider had no chance 
whatsoever of staying in the 
plate. The second was at 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Newbury a fortnight later Haydock Park before that. 

when he looked a tired horse 
before felling three fences 
from home in the Hennessy. 

Bi oadheath also made a 
nonsense of jumping that 

Apparently, Bucko was not 
right atSandown. He is said to 
be spot on now. 

Today’s fine Ascot card 
begins with fire Killiney 

uuiucuiK ui OegulS WIU1 ulc luuiucjr 

same fence at Newbury but he Novices’ Chase which features 
got away with it and went on ^ second appearance this 

.. ■_ Dlniulwfla feu* r 

to win, with Plundering five 
lengths behind in fourth place. 

season of that exciting yonng 
chaser Midnight Count who 

r— — VflflTWTl JVIJUlUglU WUUl WUV 

As Plundering will be meet - impressed so much when win- 
ing him on 91b better terms n mg his first steeplechase at 

today, there should not be Sandown a fortnight ago. 
much to choose between , w-il HunJle 

look dsewbem for likely ^ dll has been 

lbrtlir S tnSf a£ finm scratched because of cough- 
s'? 0 who ^vels from ^ M selection will be 

*2g“ 00 a ^ ° mating Ibn Majed on 101b 

better terms than when they 
In all fairness, it must be . „ „, nch ,v* h* wiT* * 

to all fairness, it must oe -- r , s ,- hM * and he will be 
said that his chance cannot be* 1* ““J* arKl ^ 
gauged on the way he ran at “rf “°'J’ _ . „ 

Sandown Park last time when 
finishing only third behind 
Simon Legree and: another of 
today's runners. Sign Again, 
instead, it hinges on the way 
he demolished the subsequent 
Sandown winner King Jo at 

Also, there most be a ques- 
tion mark against the in-form 
Bam brook Again conceding 
41b to the Champion Hurdle 
third Nohaimdan in the HSS 
Hire Shops Hurdle. 

At Doncaster. I am hopeful 

that Graham Bradley trill win 
the fire! two races for Monica 
Dickinson on Dan The Millar 
(12.40) and Wayward Lad 
(LIO). Dan The Millar, my 
selection for the Freebooter 
Novices' Chase, has taken to 
jumping fences like the 
proverbial duck to water. 

As for old Wayward Lad, he 
still has it in him to give two 
stone and a hiding to his four 
rivals in the Sheila's Cottage 
Handicap Chase now that he 
will be sharper for that run 
behind Cybrandian and Mr 
Moonraker at Chepstow. 

Joint Sovereignty is today's 
nap to win the Steel Plate mid 
Sections Young Chasers' 
qualifier in the belief that he 
would have either beaten Ten 
Of Spades at Ascot, or gone 
very close to doing so, on 
worse terms had he not been 
hampered so badly by a loose 
horse approaching the last 
fence. In the meantime he has 
won well over this distance at 

< ?j£T >“■ 

:••• v.Xiy : • 

issr-'s'- ife&c «*£ xmsMc sk- * . tsk-m . ~ 

Rater Easterby’s Noh&badnn, who is fended for Ascot’s HJSJSJEEire Shops Hurdle 

Bv our Irish Racing 


Bobsline. the 19S4 whiner of 
ifreSrkafl Bros- International 

Cta*- “*Ji 

hatful of mistakes in h« 
“mp. 12 momhs a*o. fipsb- 
ing a poor fourth. . 

However, it is most improb- 
able that he would have won m 
a^yoSeas the event featured 
Dawn Run’s brilliant 
to whom Bobsline was conced- 

^The mare set off in front and 
led throughout to bat Royal 
Bond bv eight Jenfite- Ros»* 
Bond again opposes Bobfime m 
this afternoon’s renewal of this 
valuable Irish chase but the 

conditions of the ra< *5 r ®^P w 
very much in favour of Bobsline 
who meets Royal Bond on Sib 
better terms. _ ... 

This will be the first run of the 
season for Bobsline who Iasi ran 
at the big spring meeting hoe 

where he was beaten by Another 
Brownie, who received 351b. 

Previously, Bobsline too 
started favourite tor the Queen 
Mother Champion Chase at 
Cbeftenbara where his jumping 
again let him down. 

However, if he jumps fluently 
this afternoon be should be too 
sprightly for Royal Bond. 



By Mandarin 

12. 1 5 Midnight Count. 
12.50 Nohalmdun. 

1.20 Gaye Brief! 

1.55 Bucko. 

2J0 Charcoal Wally. 
3.00 Bluff Cove. 

By Michael Seely 

1.55 Bucko. 230 Desert Orchid. 3.00 RED ROCKY (nap). 

Guide to our in-line raceeard 

103 (12) 0-0432 TWESFORM (CDJ3F) (Mre J Rytajr) B Hall 9-10-0 

Raceeard number. Draw in brackets. Sex-figure ana dfstmee winner. BF-beaten favourite in latest 
form ff-tan. P-pufed up. U-unsaated rider. B- reoeL Owner in brackets. Trainer, tea and 
brought down. S-sfipped up. R-refused). Horse's wewn. Rrdw plus any aSowance. The Times 
name (Blinkers. \K&ot. ft-hood. E-EyeshfekL C- Pnvate Handlcapper's ratting. Approximate starting 
course winner. D-distance wmrw. CD-course price. 

Going: good 

12.15 KILUNEY NOVICE CHASE (£6,014: 2m 40 (6 runners) 

102 11P-1 MDMGHT COUNT (H Joel) J Gilford 6-11-0. 

103 041F3 BALLYMULUSH (Mrs L Potto) J Gifford 6-11-1 

104 0142-1 AHERLOW (P Fahey) S ChriSMn 6-10-12 

105 00440-2 BAJAN SUNSHINE (P Green) F Winter 7-10-12 

106 223-322 CAWIES CLOWN (BF) (Mrs J 0Mvant)0 Qsworth 6-10-12. 

108 OFPOO/P LADY SWEETAPPLES [S P«s) W R Wtfams 10-10-7 

1885: DESERT ORCHID 6-11-11 C Brown (5-4 favj D Bswwth 6 ran 

1250 K&S. HfflE SHOPS HURDLE (£4,819: 2m) (5 runners) 

201 112(121 BAfUBROOK AGAIN (M Davies) 0 Bsworth 5-11-8 R Arnett 98 6-4 

202 2/118U0- NOHALMDUN (D) (Utoaby Fanns Ltd] M H Easterby 5-11-4 PSCMdwnore «89 2-1 

204 01012-0 HUMBBlSlOE LADY (COJ1F) (Humberaida Encerpnsas) G Huffer 5-1 1-3 M Dwyer 35 5-2 

209 4 MLTtMBURN(Anuawrds>HO , Ne4t5.10« RDonwoody SO 16-1 

210 U141-0 STERNE (Mrs W Tirioch) S Motor 4-10-8 G Landau 3110-1 

199&RRCT BOOT 4-1 1-8 S Smith Eccles (15-1) NHendaraon 7 ran 

COD 01 BAHHBHOOK ftBAW (1 1-00) wee moo t fcipreeswe when beating a good field at Wewtaay last 
runm tmawrlli Beat the Retreat pi-man bach ai2nfttaiteEH8Mt3>PY^iaatethra13rrirth 
end STERNE (1 1-0), rartBng pooriy. last of 7 (2m lOOy. £6764. soft Nw 22. 7 ran). MOHAJjKKJN ran the best 
race of Ms career to date when (12-0) Bftl 3rd to See You Then (124) n the Champion HuitSe with HUMBER- 
SIDE LADY (11-9) 2KI bad: in 5fli at Chettanham Qm. £41435. good to soR. Mar 11. 23 rani S ttam q u endy 
HUMBERSBE LADY (11-0) 51 2nd to River CaWOg (160) at Ayr, with NOHALMDUN (11-8) faSnawhenaoing 
very woB 2 out (2m, £5145, good. Apr 18, 7 ran). STBME (11-0) best effort a 20 defeat of Yale (11-07) & 
CtwMnham an final start ot1985/B (2m, £2212. heavy. Apr 17, 14 ran). 

Selection: NOHALMDUN 

1^0 LONG WALK HURDLE (Grade II: £6,740: 3m 21) (5 runners) 

301 F213F-2 GAYE BRIEF (C) (SheMi AA Ataj Khamsin) Mrs M Rbnel 9-11-8 SHrastaad 90 6-4 

302 1110-11 BN MAJED (C) (P ODomoU) C Spares *-11-8 JMcLanghSn 95F54 

303 F30-330 SHEER GOTO (C) (Lady Hams) G Baking B-H-3 J Frost 84 8-1 

304 3/011-20 MOTIVATOR (BP) (TRamsdsn) M Ryan 6-11-1 R Rowe 71 10-1 

306 0000-03 OUT OF THE GLOOM (P Green) R HoBnshead 5-10-8 P Scud a more 88 16-1 

198& MSTY DALE 7-10-8 P Tuck (9-4 fav) Mrs J Pitmen 8 ran 

enDM IBM MAJED no-11) was deveriy ridden when beeUng GAVE BREF (11-07) S hers (2m 4f. 
rwnm £13432. apod to ftm. Nov 14.5 ran) withSHSR GOLD (10-11) another 101 back in 3rd. Last 
season GAYE BRIEF (12-02) beat CnmsonBnbers (12-02) Share Over 3m (£9318. good, ter 9. 11 ran) with 
StEBtGOlD Q1-11) SKI farther back in 5th. MOTIVATOR (11-10) ran out a prorntamg 2 1/21 2nd to multiple 
winner IOLDWO (11-07) here on season^ debut (3m, £3038. mod to firm. Nov 14, 6 ran) but wee a sfighUy 
tfsappainting 7th to Accuracy* Haydock last ttme. OUT OF THE GLOOM (1 1-10) was tack to fas best when 
SKI 3rd to Model Pupil (1 Wfr) at Chepstow (3m, £6950, soft. Nov 29. 14 ran) and v*H appradaM Ms extra 

I Ms cB on: GAYE BRfg 



By Mandarin 

12.40 Dan The Millar. 2.40 G G Magic. 

I- 10 Wayward Lad 3. 10 Stay On Tracks. 

1.40 Half Brother. 3.40 Pride HilL 


The Times Private Handlcapper's top rating: 1.40 HALF BROTHER. 

Going: good 

12A0 FREEBOOTER NOVICE CHASE(Grade lh £6572: 2m 150yd) (4 

1 0014-11 DAN THEMUXAR (Mrs M Haggas) Mrs MOiddnson 7-11-11 QBradtey 91 F48 

2 2-1114U SUEVE FELMfTP M McDonagh Ud) W A Stephenson 8-1 1-11 RLamb 80 5-1 

3 P23-U13 BUCKFAST ABBEY (Mrs P Harris) P W Harris 6-1 1-8 RStrooge 9410-1 

6 0-1 IFF* LONG ^GAGEMEKT (G MordaWTtJ D Nfchotean 5-11-4 S S h er woo d *9911-4 

1985: MUSIC BE MAGIC 6-11-11 N Doughty (4-6 fev) G Richards 3 ran 

FORM DAN THE MaLAR|Tl-iffl, confidently ridden, made most of the running to beal Raul Pry (11-0) 
rvn,rl 41 at Nottingham (2m. £1545, good, Dec 1. 14 ran). SUEVE FBUM, unseated rider last time ana 
Juimed orniy raw bMwe^niy reason (11-5) bfiax Silver Snow (10-10) a dhttnee at Wetherby Cm 50y. £4766. 
Sm. Oct 15, 3 ran). BUCKFAST ABBEY (11-2) failed to guicfcen aftar the last when a 131 3rd te> MWnSht Count 

15. 3 ran). BOCK ... 

with LONG ENGAGEMENT (11-4) nnldng late progress to finish another torwtft away In 4th at 
?18y, £ 4495. g o od P soft. Nov 29. 9 ran) LONG ENGAGEMENT prmousty (11-51 bum Ace at 
- — - - — £1307, good, Oct 25, 13 ran). 

Spies (11-01 101 at Worcester 

1.10 SHEILA’S COTTAGE HANDICAP CHASE (£5,206: 3m 21) (5 

1 2122-33 WAYWARD LAD (C) (Mrs S Thewte) Mrs M Dickinson 11-12-Q 

3 484111 BURNT OAK (Brig C Harvey) 0 Nlefwlson 10-100 

4 4000)43 LEAN AR AGHABH (Mrs W TXrioch) S MaBor 6-10-0. 

6 OOF11-1 AIST FCXITIE CRACK (G WRs) K Beley 8-10-0 

7 0104-23 BARRYSVLLE (A Baird Tennis Lid) P Burgoyne 1 0-1 0-0 

_ Q BnrSey •99F84 
. S Sherwood 8411-4 

M Harrington 95 9-2 

A Jones 82 7-1 

A CaneB 82 12-1 

1985b (2m 150yd) SOMERLED 6-10-7 a Striker (33-1) R McDonald ifl ran 

PHRM WAYWARD LAD has been below Ha best this season, on latest start (11-12) 13 last Of 3 to 
rwnm Cyhrandian (11-01 at Chepstow (3m): besti effort last season (12-01 when a length 2nd to Dawn 
Hwr ( 1 1-9) in CheftenRam GoU Cw (3m 2f. goad). BURNT OAK ( to- 10) oonipifflscl a hor-tnch when beating R>- 
iar Sunset (1 1-0) 2KI at Newbury (3m, £381 1. good, Nov 1 2. 6 ran). LEAN AAAGHAIDH (1 1-4)one pace horn 2 
out when 6WI 3rd to Lucky Vane (1 1-9) n Sandown 0m 5(, £3284, good to soft, Nov 28. 8 ran). JUST FOR THE 
CRACK (JO-chsucoBseful on reapparance beatmg CeMc Hamlet 004B 41 at Ascot (3m. £3T9igaod. Nov 14, 3 
ran). BMRT3Vei£(11-1(H better of two efforts this season a 7f &xl to Mount driver (iCMXnatNoltfeigiiam 
“ n, £1610. good. Nov 21. 3 ran), 
leetioa: WAYWARD LAD 

- <0} comptewd a fwr-trtck **wn beating Po- 
LEAN AA AGHAIDH (1 1-4)one Pace from 2 
wod to soft, Nov 2a. 8 ran). JUST FOR THE 
5-0) 41 at Ascot (3m. £379i good. Nov 14, 3 
2nd to Blount OBver(l 04)8) at Ncrittignam 

4f) (15 runners) 

1 1U14P-0 

2 000-380 

3 2U22-01 

5 41HHJ1 

6 000-220 
7 1213-03 
6 4t^/1C2- 

9 0F0444J 

10 103021 

cool □eastern (D) (C Plans) mbs s Han 9 - 11-10 

COMEDY FAIR (Mrs M NoweQM H Eastert* 6-11-10 — 

TIMELY STAR p Smith) Mre 4 Pltnan 5-1 1-7 (4eig„ 

ROCKY’S GAL {□) (B Moon) W Holden S1 1-5 

PET« MARTIN (ViX))(F LB8) FK Lee 5-1 1-5 

R Eamaha w 


M Pitman 

— KTevnend(7) 

11 01114)0 

12 4F0-1 

15 40021/0 

18 000334/ 

19 000-104 

TK BLACK SACK (D) (North Efest Paper Co UdlWBsey 6-114) M Pepper 

RYECROFT (D) (Mrs K Red) Anmy FteGeraM 8-10-12 J JOukm 

JOY WDE(C Cowley) J King 6-10-12 SMcNeM 

BATTLEFIELD BAND (CJJ) (Mrs I Dabney) J BUmdgfl 9-10-11 (4ex| AJ(to»(7) 

HALF BROTHER (T Ramsden) M W Easterby 4-108 Cttwt 

ABU KADRA (T PaWmg) J Francome 5-103 ..... S Sherwood 

CRACKHHX (CJJ) (Hathaway Roofing LM)W a Stephenson 5-100 PNnm 

SECRET WALK (D) (Hathaway Roofing Lnj) W A Stephenson 5-100 ._ D Condei 

SUNFLOWER LAD (M Oemence) C Charlet 7-1 00 RCenvM 

PADYK«(D)(JCMncey)M Chapman 6-104) HBWch«fl(7) 

1985: PETER MARTIN 4-10-0 M DwyW (7-1) F H LW 17 ran 

PHRM COMEDY FAIR, down the field behind Amoeh at Sandown last hme. previously (10-13) hat aver 
rwnm a 8th » Roan Wonder at Cbflttenham an, £7713, gcxxl to firm. Nov 8. 9 ran). PETER MARTIN 
(11-6) had HALF BROTHS! (KM3J and TIMELY STAR ;ii-im UMfind when a l»l 2nd to Record Harvest (10- 
05)at Watherby (2m. £8233. good to soft. Nov 1, 17 rsnjjnCLY STAR has since (11-4) beatan Open theBox 
(104)4)2^1 at Wintaim n (2m. £3K6. flood to 80ft, Nov 27. 13 ran). JOY RIDE, mao off on seasonal debut, fast 
sivra (114b managed to finish 151 6th tocftaihplan hunter See You T1ienf11-12) at Sandown On. E&332. soft. 
Fw L 9 rani BATTLlnSJJ SAW (10-11) caused an upset lwfiea^iwds-en VWthy Bank (1045) 2»J at Not- 
tingham last lime (2m fit, £3070, good, Dec 6, 16 ran). HALF BROTHSl, late progress bia never or terns twice 
Ihfe year, last season (11-7) lodafl the way when beating Record Harvest (11^) 6 lengths at Wattie 
ElOffl, good to soft. Apr 1, 22 ran). ABU KADRA (11-4) quefcerad wel 10 beat Btacfc River (104)) 31 a( 

Spnry y I4h ma ^^iofima ilgBUrtotfl MgOn hur tfar See You ThQii^1|1-12) at ^an. 

tinghamta3tiiniB(2mffl, ESOTO^cShLDec late progrratarawr^n 

good to soft. Apr 1, 22 tan). ABU I 

har n(a n.B8g^godto|^L Nov 21, 15 ran). 

k (11-4) quickened wa> to beat Btacfc River fi 00) 31 a( 

1. 55 SGB HANDICAP CHASE (213,789: 3m) (12 runners) 

401 000114) 

402 3B-1B11 
408 38F0-UF 
404 0F71-24 

406 2110041 

407 2D-22F1 

408 1211/13 

409 0/0003-3 

410 RJ1F2/2 

411 P2111-2 

412 FPO-422 

413 310RM 

WEST TW (D) (P LuR) MCfivor 9-1 1-10 

BROADHEATH (m (M Marsh) D Barons 9-11-2 

DOOR LATCH (CO) (H Joel) J QMord 8-11-1 

PLUNOERMQ (M Valentina) F Winter SM 1-0 1 

CROSS MASTER <P) (Hallow Bros)TB« 9-104 

CASTLE WARflei (CO) (M Shone) J Edwards 9-1 03 

BUCKO (BF) (Mrs PMacCam) Jimmy Rtzgerafej 9-1 0-2 

CIASSOTEO (Cheveley Parit Stud) N Hend o raoo 10-10-1 S 

SIGN AGAW (R Wright) J Feet 8-1041 - 

STRATH LEADER (D) (Mrs C FatftxBm) J EOwenJs 8-1041 

KDOSISON (D) (P Dutosee) P Dutoaee 8-104) 

FAIR CHLD (D) (Mrs S Wads) Mbs E Sneyd 6-104) 

1985: DOOR LATCH 7-10-2 R Rowe (II* 4 ! J Giftonl 6 ran 

. P Barton 

Double takes stylish Dwyer 
to first British half-century 

SSmKfc Endec 
__ R Beggan 
_ SMorahead 

MASTS) 111-10) 
ana IMbeadr - ' 

t Of Gold (It . 

Lucky Vane (1 1-8) at Sandown (3m 

R Rowe 099F4-B 

EMvpby 9810-1 

_ P Scudamore 88 4-1 

H AmoO 91 14-1 

— — 66-1 1 

Z30 FROGMORE HANDICAP CHASE (£6,801: 2m) (8 runners) 

501 FU-1241 UTTLE BAY (CD) (Mre S Catherwood) GW Richards 11-11-10 PTtack SS 5-1 

502 20/101F FAR 8RDGE (CO) (Duke Of AmoiJG Baking 10-1 1-6 J Frost 93F7-Z 

503 2320-14 DESERT aRCMD(CD^F)(RBurrid0e>DB»wrth 7-11-5 C Brown 91 4-1 

504 2212-40 CHARCOAL WALLY (CD) (J Murael) R KoQges 7-1 1-3 BPoweR 91 9-1 

507 40O5F4 OUR FUN (BF) (P Hopkins) J Gilford 9-10-12 RRowe 82 8-1 

509 838234 ST wrmJAM (D) (W Miy e cowtoe) R Hedges 9-10-7. - — 9012-1 

513 01-0041 ANNETTE’S OSJSIT (D) (J Upson) T Casey 7-104) S Moore 9814-1 

514 331F-12 WWSKEY EYES (DJV) (H PMQ S Mettar 5-10-0 GLntoeffl *99 12-1 

1985: ADIWAL’S CUP 7-^7 C Coc (1 1-8 fav) F Wfeitor 8 ran 

3J) HAMPTON COURT HANDICAP HURDLE (Amateurs: E3J22& 2m 41) (23 runners) 

601 1/02082- CATS EYES (S){T Ctandtar) M Pipe 6-1*6 R Betany (7) S3 I 

602 1111-10 ORYX NWOR (R TVumpor) S MeBcr 6-124) Mtal A Begley (7) 92 ! 

603 404120- BLUEUWT (B) (D Winfield) O Ssworth 5-11-10 Mbe S Lwwence (7) 98 II 

606 OOP-OFB SHANGOSEER (J Qreen) J Jenlm 5-11-1 D D ameyworth (7) 98 - 

607 0/OOF41- CASStO LlL (D) (Mrs E Carbeny) T Casey 7-10-13 — 92 • 

609 00/0312- DONEGAL HOPE (F Sheridan) F Sheridan 10-10-12 — 81 - 

. 610 0022471 RED ROCKY (B Bunough) Mre J Wnan 6-1O-f0f8aaf SKar(7) «S9R 

R Botany (7) S3 8-1 

Mtoa A Beglay (7) 92 9-1 
Bsa S Lwwenca (7) 9810-1 

P D anpeyworthP) S3 — 

— 92 — 

— 88 — 

Stew (7) G99F3-1 

611 04211-1 BLUCT COVE (PH (Diddm Lid) R Hoftnshead 4-106 (3as) ' A HaMnhaad (7) 

612 2000041 SAMEDRIN (CO) (Mrs M Brown) G Balding 9-107. 

1FZ221 8WFT A9CENT (Mre J Gee) G Baking 4-106 

2OO04U USUWY LAO (BJ3) (V Raibin) Wrs M RkoeS 6-10-5- 

617 QRXI/20 GENERAL OOTVSON (M Parabcoe) J Odford 5-1 (M, 

618 210 MOLOJE C (BF) (Mra P Can) A BeBey 5-10-4 

621 400-033 HAWS8I (B) (0 WMs) M Madgwtck 4-104) 

622 2D0-234 HIGH HEAVEN (S Atm) A Moore 8-10-0- 

623 G000CP DUSKY BROWN D(T King) G Gracey 8-104) 

627 013F ANNE RA (BF) (Mrs E Bewi) D Nichotsan 4-1041 

628 100-332 ENA OLLEY (BF) (A J Bmgtay Ud) D Bsworth 4-104) 

629 4P/D8P0- PARMER |Q(H Hawker) RHMnrl 1-104) 

630' l-OOSFO CHEEKY'S BRKSIP) (A Mactoggarl) A Mactaggvt 6-100 

636 000004 TOM NOEL (Mre H Noonan) BCambMge 11-104) 

637 004) JA M EE NA (P carte) j Long 5-100 

839 03/P0-BP BALLY TASK (D) (B UewNJyn) B LteweByn 10-100 

J Geeks (7) 


W Price (7) 


Hem S Mwgetroyd (7) 

0 Madgwick (7) 

D Baker (7) 

— Wss Z Devtooa (7) 

R Bans (7) 



■ — — SBedaggert 

H Noonan (7) 

— P Clarke (7) 

_ MeeSLJMe«w(7) 

Mark Dwyer gained the Erst 
heikentny of bis five-year 
riding career in Briun when 
h rating a double <m Alarm Call 
and Btg Togger at Doacaster 

The styCsh bararaaosbip of 
the 23-year-old Comity Meath 
jockey bas been one of the 
features of the current season 
and with 50 successes now to his 
credit Dwyer is only one behind 
Peter Scudamore in the race for 
the jockeys’ champioasbip. 

“Things have been going 
tremendously weQ," he said as 
be scrambled jntn bis clothes in 
the jockeys' room after the last 
race. -At the beghnring of the 
season Fd happDy have settled 
fin- 50 winners overall. But not 
only have the guvnor's bones 
been carrying afl before them, 
Chris Pfmlott, my w gent, w 
done a first-class job at getting 
me outside rides.'* 

Big Togger, Dwyer’s second 
winner, set saB far home at the 
third-last flight in the 
Dooruocfcer Novices* Hurdle as 
Charter Hardware, the 2-1 
favourite, dropped back beaten. 
Keeping op the gallop. Jack 
Hanson’s six-year-old beat 
Brightner by szx'fengths. 

“This horse’s future lies m 
chasing,” said the w hmfatg 
trainer. -He’s going for a 
novices’ tomKrap at Wetherby 
on Boxing Day, but hell cer- 

By Michael Seely 

tainly be seen over fences before 

Earlier in the afternoon* 
Dwyer’s and Jimmy Fi tzge r a l d ’ s 
excellent run trf success had 
continued when Alarm Call's 
wtde-msrgm win over Carousel 
Socket and Raffles Rogue In the 
Saucy Kit Novices* Hurdle had 
gjveu fee Mahon stable its 45th 
victory of fee season. 

Original]}’ trained by Coy 
Harwood. Alarm OH had won a 
sdhr oa fee Flat on this course 
in October when trained by 
David Mar fey and had been 
subsequently bought by Fitz- 
gerald for 13^00 guineas at the 
Newmarket Autumn Soles. 

It was a performance of some 
merit to have beaten experienced 
rivals so comprehensively at the 
first time of asking- And Wil- 
liam Hills were only prepared to 
offer 20-1 against Alarm Call for 
the Trimoph Hurdle. 

The 76-year-old Neville 
Crump shuck another blow for 
Yorkshire when Repington. 
penalised -fib for his recent 
Wetherby success, proved much 
too strong for Ambler Rambler 
and Music Be Magic in fee Red 
Alligator Handicap Chase. 
Repingtoa was something of a 
handful in his younger days, bat 
has now only tasted defeat once 
in eight completed pu i vy over 

The eight-year-old win now 
attempt to give fee veteran 

Middleham trainer his eighth 
success in the £10,000 Rowland 
MeyricL Chase at Wetherby 

Another hi ghlig ht of an excit- 
ing afternoon's racing h as 
watching Playschool once again 
stamp himself as a lively can- 
didate for Cheltenham's Sion 
Alliance Chase with a bloodless 
win over No- U-Turn in fee 
Merry man U Novices* Chase. 

After winning in handsome 
style at Newbury, David 
Barons 's New Zealand-bred 
eight-year-old had fallen at the 
thud fence from home at 
Cheltenham last week when 
travelling so smoothly behind 
Mr Frisk. 

“This is the best novice XVe 
ever sat on," said Paul NichoUs, 
the winning jockey. 1 wasn't 
worried when the leader went sn 
far clear. 1 just let him settle and 
in fee straight he wenrpop. pop, 
pop and just belted m.” 

Playschool wifl now go to 
Kemptou on Boxing Day for the 
Bntlins Felt ham Novices' 

That formidable winning 
comb inati on of Peter Easterby 
and Colonel Dick Warden, the 
man who introduced Sheikh 
Mohammed to British racing, 
con tinued to Uaw their trail ol 
success when Lorean Wyer and 
Buck Up had bo difficulty in 
landing the odds of 13-8 laid on 
die pair in the Sea Pigeon 
Handicap Hurdle. 



By Mandarin 

12.30 Developers Run. 1.00 Brother Geoffrey. 
130 Running Arrow. 2JX) Co-Member. 2.30 

<985: RJB06ELLE 4-10-5 Mss H Handel (10-1) M Pip* 28 ran 

Course specialists 

130 Running Arrow. 2J)0 Co-Member. 
Andrea Dawn. 3.00 Man O’Magic. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 430 Henryk. 

CHASE (£2,704: 3m 190yd) (8) 

1 102- EUBCnriqw Marne 8-12-7 

2 OOF BROOHY BANK G Roe 11-12-1 to CJ Lunarian 

9 031 CO MQIBS1 T Forster 10-11-2 (6ex) HOMm 

14 Mr BROWN TRtt F Winter 840-12 DBnama 

15 BP-1 GRBEMBANK PARK (CD) S Christian 0-103 (6ex) 

m reman 

18 323 FLEMMGTONW Perrin 7-1M SSNUob 

19 /PM LUCKY V9ITAGE P Prtthart 9-104J N Fawn (7) 

20 034 Rimers TOWBtGHuMara 7-100 

— 6A nu yt eg e(4) 

7-4 Co Member. 11-4 Graenbenk Perk, 4-1 Bmboy, 
8-1 Brown Trix. 10-1 Broomy Bank. 20-1 others. 


Wmers Amn Per Cm* 


Wmnera (Wes Percent 

M H Easterby . 







S Metier 











P Scudamore 



D Bsworth 







N Henderson 




P Barton 



Going: good to soft 

2m 5f 26yd) (16 runners) 

2m 50yd) (16) 


2 P/0- MMCUWK Miwne 10-1 

4 ROOF CONSTABLE KHJLY Mrs J Barrow 6-11-3 M Beetoy (4) 

QUALIFIER £231 2: 2m 41) (7 runners) 


2 32-1121 JOUIT SOVHtBGNTY (D) (A Aidge) Jimroy RtzGwald 6-11-12 JJQMen G99FS-4 

3 1042/1* TEN OF SPADES (BF) (W VMbreed) S Mefar 8-11-12 GChartesJonae 98 6-4 

8 OFOO-FP DUNVEGAN CASTLE (PSugdan)Q neat 7-1 1-4 GBradtoy — 33-1 

7 1Q0-F30 KMGSWICK (Sfax UK U<3 J Franconia 6-1 1-4 SSfanaood 7710-1 

9 0044-31 MR CHRG (COL 44 Foods liO) M Neutfton 7-11-4 C Great 7114-1 

12 OOQfOFO RECTORY PARK (A Morion} P BaHey 7-11-4 S FOzgerekl (7| — 33-1 

16 OOG2I2 WHATS WHAT (Mrs D BousSekf) B BousfiaM 7-11-4 B Storey — 12-1 

1995: NEWUFE CONNECTION 5-11-10 R Lent) (Evens lav) W A Stotfensan 8 ran 

CflDU TBI OF SPA DES (11-04) beet JOWT SOVBtEIQNTY (11-OQ) 41 MASCOl an perafomMB! 
rUnWI pm, £8232. good. Nov 14. 8 ran), but both hones improved next nme auL JC 
SOVBlEXWTrni-IOIbeatHend Over (11-10) 1Z «l Newcastle law lime (2m 41, £71 2a gtxxJ, Not 29. 4i 
and TEN OF SPADES ( 1 1-04) was tar from tfiswaced and orty beaten 31 toMMnlgm Coirt (10-12) A Send 
(2m 18y. £4485. good to sott, Nov 29. 9 ran). K&iGSWlCKfl 1-07) a* up best effect onpenuWmaB mn * 
l!4l3ni toHinter Ctty(11-07)atCbellBfllBm(3nx E33ia goodto firm. Nov7,9 ranLMF CHHB(11-07 )wb 
easier winner than the 21 margin suggests over Japlkig (1 1 -00) at Sedgefield (3m 9 1 GOvde, £1 175. good. 
28. TOranL WHATSIBKAT makes techa^irg debut Last time out (Hft&la 1 0T 2nd 10 wahy Bank (1005) 
Newcastle handicap hurtfe (3m. £1438. good, Nov 29. 11 ran). 

Selection: TENOFsPADES 

nod. Nov 
005) kra 

2L40 GLASGOW PADDOCKS SELLING HURDLE ( £1,526: 2m 150yd) (18 runners) 

BOO JANE'S BRAVE BOY (J Eddel) D Chapman 4-11-10. 

18 -004 PtATWIM BLOND H Garter &-1D-13 swoons (7) 

18 900- SEA COUNTESS MP^e 6-10-13 P Leech 

20 OF ABBA LAD Mis J Pitman 4-10-5 CMarm 

2f 000 ANOTHER MIRACLE JSpaatng4-t03 — 

23 OF-O PRIVATE AUDfTXM M Ton^jtans 4-103 HDevtae 

24 320 UMCOL S Motor 4-103 MPmtt 

25 F COUNSBLBISG89LN Haodaraon 4-100 MBeeribgrW 
10030 Unicoi. 4-1 Moon Jstsr, 6-1 Developer's Run, 

HANDICAP CHASE (£1,475: 2m 5f 110yd) (6) 

1 *S-T 

2 TM 

4 4-48 
' 5 KM 
10 -403 

12 49F0 

2-1 Royal To Do. 1V4 Awaho, 7-2 Brother GaoArey. 

2m 5f 26yd) (18} 

5 303 CRADLE OF JAZZ J Old 6-11-3 

7 ion GENERAL BHEYFAX M McOourt 6-1 13 

8 304= GERAMJEdeardS 6-113 

9 014- GRAOUUPRDEPOttonnorS-11 
10 00U4 (SOD KVAntwa 10-113 
12 (HF KOUROSOBraman 7-113. 

130PPP MUXUW Mre R wakens frl 13 
14 4F NETHER WALLOP J Webber 9-1 13 
17 030 SOUTHERN HERMIT R Armytega 8-113 

MrM Aneytage 

19 m « RORHICE K WMarma 10-10-12 MrPTowrnley 

21 /BOO CHMmONSDAYP Burgoyne &-10-7 J Duggan 

23 POP FOREVER SSK3NG DN&oison 5-10-7 JStdam 

25 OPR) SAirSFWEHDJB) Mrs J Benow 5-10-7^ Peter Hobbe 
27 343 AfOREAOAWIMfa A TtenaH 5-10-2 StawlWtft 

5-4 Antfeaa Dawn, 10030 Cradto Of Jazz, S3 Kouros. 


2m) (20) 

1 21tt TACMBOffl) toss L Bower 5-123 BDoaCngQ 

5 200- m DADTO Mre J IW tS-II-S SSetoffl 

7 313- LAFOSS£{D)MrsJPrftnan 5-11-3 MffCefaghan 

8 134 CAMDEN BELLE toss L BWWr 4-11-2 R RtMeS 

9 320 APRLPRMCEF Winter 5-113 J Duggan 

12 44ffl OULA OWLK hrary6-11-1 — SWOOdtffl 

13 aim MANOiMGIC(Bh)K Batov 5-113 DBtowk. 

is -041 WAHNBl FDR LBSURE (D) b GendoHo 8-113 E WMe 

. 16 9P23 STRAY SHOT RQG Hubbard 8-10-11 _ 

18 0300 SUNSHME GAL P Bowden 8-108^?^!^^a2 

22 1-12 HARBOUR BAZAAR (DlRStljnon 8-10-4 

25 tm AVERNU5 (DJ T Forster 7-10-2 

27 lira FRANCtSCUS (CD) C MUor 9-101 him 


a 1/30 CRITICAL PATH (CS) Mrs JCrott 7-100 

30 -231 KAM WU. (D)oUan 4-103 (7 bj 

31 00/0 ROYAL CHARGE (DID WaBcom 5- 

33 PI 3 BAWLING ECHO (fi) JKtag 5-103. 

34 004- SHIPMATE D And 4-100.„ JSMhem 

38 OPO 1HEREBWmH1(V)FabBon5.1D0DUcKeiiwtifn 

11-4 Avemus, 100-30 Harbour Bazaar, 9-2 April Prince. 


_ B SSSgJ 


.. J Duggan 



033 ANDREA'S PMDE(JCoraon) A Smrih 3-10-10 





21 DOOM VENTURE (Fu« Orcte C Pte) N TrtcJef 3-10-10 N Tutor 

04221 FANDANGO BOT(M Water) R Rost 3-10-10 CHopwoodffl 

GGMAGK) (Mra CPtnrietftwaaa) Mrs CPosaeawalte 3-1 0-10 JJ Claim 


□FPORTtMrri' (C Bef) C J Sen 3-10-10. 

fa J Osborne (7) 


WINWNS R«WT(R Lane) D Chapman 3-10-10. 





Qtowvarrc Booth) CBotXh 3-105 — 

2 FANDANGO KISS (T Keraey) T Kersey 3-10-5 

0 BBSS 8ECCA (W Haegfi) W Haigtt 3-10-6 

- AStringar 

D Dutton 

Susan Keraey (7) 



00 NAUTICAL STB* (A Ctappenon) D Gandollo 3-108 

3012 TINSEL ROSE Mai R Thotman) D Tucker 3-105— 

C Evans (4) 


1985: TAYLORS RBIOVATION 3-103 M Dwyer (7-2) L Uglrtbrown 17 ran 

3.10 TEAL NOVICE HANDICAP HURDLE £685: 2m 150yd) (14 runners) 

19 0014 

21 00/P 

22 003 

23 8 

24 P3F 

28 0000 
29 0 

11-10 Bora Pag, 3-1 Knot* oa. 11-2 Bronze Effigy. 
12-1 Poets Day, 14-1 Gtoerio, Only. A Pony, 20-1 others. 



> J07MH 

Course specialists 

TRA1MR & M McCourt S winners from 18 rurawra. 273%: S 
F W rier. 16 from 78205%: JOd. 
2B 172^* p 0 Connw> tnm 77-8%:^ KlnB. 5^ bom 

P04-130 LMXOAR (Mra ESeagrave)JJotmson 6-11-10 

14 SfOUAN PASSAGE (Mis SCWherwtxxflD Wchotton 4-11- 

4 431 WP ATXWSONS (BF>(Mrs I Metcalfe) B W Richards 5-10-T3- 

6 OOP3 SAMTS ALIVE (B)0Wtoems)K Belay 6-103 

S MM) MOORES METAL (Moores SKAe Ltd) RHoUrohead 8-1 C 

10 20442-4 SAMFEN (F Batord) M H Easterby 4-10-7 

11 2WP31 WHAT A LINE |D Reylortfl) Mre G Reuefay 4-10-7 

13 POF3-OD SAAORS REWARD (F Carter) J Kbig 4-10-4 

14 33040 MRS CtC08(CDL 44 Foods Ltd) MNautfton 4-103 

Results from yesterday’s two meetings 

Doncaster SS? SUZStetOJUi? 

Going: good with good to firm patches 
(chase confer* good (her rites) 

1X45 (2m 150yd Ch) 1, ADARE __ 
Kefatt, 16-1) Shannte (P Grasafck, 3-1): 3, 
" — ■ - 7-2). ALSO RAN: 04 

IS 00-2328 WELL UFOHaED (Mrs C Ward) CJ Bel 4-102. 

00/00 ANY BUSINESS tc Meson) WMusson 5-1 00 

00-02 STAY ON TRACKS (P PUer) W A Stephenson 4-103— 

20 0000-00 MAC'S GOLD (Mrs R Hepburn) I Dudgeon 4-103 . 

fa N dartre (7) 

22 POO LUCKaN(MCtemence)P Burgoyne 4-1 03 ACanofl 

1S65: VULROfnrs CLOWN 7-100 M Brennan (12-1) 0 Brerman 18 ran 

3.40 DONCASTER NH FLAT RACE (£826: 2m 150yd) (18 runners) 

1 1 PRIDE HU. (Mra BGittwJD Barons 4-ii-a Mss T Davie (7) 

3 ALASKA RUN (Mra M Rogers) D Nicholson 4-1 1-2 — 

4 A11JNM (Mmizen Ltd) JWatnwrighl 4-11-2 RFtoejrffl 

8 came BARD (Tam) TBI 4-1 1-2 : 

12 DYNASTIC BIT (G Vergette) Q Vergaue 4-113 Mia J Sweden (7>. 

13 BBISDANCSI (Mre GGranO Mrs J Croft 5-11-2 — 

14 QAUOFWG CLAUDE (Mra P Fanning) R Champion 4-11-2 faNCtsrt»(1) 

17 0- KnStAKBX(JH0Hlon)MraSOSwr5-11-a — 

18 PAUEKWG(CNugert)D Nugent 5-11-2 : I Shoeeatorffl 

19 HEDMARLEY (fas Q Baldkig) G Btffag 4-11-2 — ACtetoP) 

21 ROMAN IMAGE (Mis BGaBant) Mre JPhman 4-11-2 JSmtoffl 

22 ROSSKOVA(W A StatfenSOrOW A Stephenson 4-1 13 ASaatofd(7) 

25 STRANGrs LAD (toss D Crichon) I Dudgeon 4-11-2 PBwsnsenffl 

29 WORSIEAD TYCOON (J Sfis) M TompWns 5-113 R Carter (7) 

30 0- CRMSCWIIOON(TKereey)TKireey4.i0.ii ton J Writoatoo 

32 EMERALD VALLEY (N Dawes) N Daves 8-10-11 fasTBafleyffl 

33 03 IBSSKINBLET (fas PBowtoy) A PWN 4-10-11 TPMMffl 

35 RYMEITSFANCTfr Dancer) JChugg 5-10-11 MrPMngP) 

19Bs No corresponding race 

Abareing (A J Oubm. 7-a. ALSO RAN: 9-4 
lav Just AR* (4th). 3 Bfm Cotumn (Q. 5 
ran. NR: Chestnut Prtoca. sh bd. 1%. not 
recorded. D Hudson at CarSeto Tc** 
£3L5tt £830 £1.10 DF: £12530 CSF: 

1.1S (2m 4f 
Dwyer. 5-t^ 
Brennan. 4-1); 
5-0. ALSO RAJ 
Caffieri (5OT.T 

Rocket (M 

3.15 (3m 12 & d Mto) ». B» TOGGER 
8S D*g-rt-3L2-BrtBtitner (R Rowe. 5- 
Zf, 3. Bgsut (R Beggan, 12-1). ALSO 
RAN: 2 to Charter fardware (4th). 10 
Dytan'5 Pride (5th). 11 Ahrins Bcw. 16 Don 
read. 20 Ketsutetn. RtodieUW. 25 
SOont Manual (puLHJGeBen* Native, 

Hjgp y Hgg, togs*** w. a»«w p«- 

tom. Sealed Offer, Too Often. Chart 
Wer (6®. Our Duday, Savoteyres. 19 
ran. S, 7t, a. It 12L J Hanson at 
Weitwrtjy. Tola: iAJBO: £220. n.90, 
£2.70. Dft £84a CSF: £1 1 

Sttp-. a- 1g;. hoT 71 21 P Batov nt 

gJH Carw c*i| 1,_COTTAGE RUN (R 

JS SherwtxL 7- 

Andrew's Bay. 1? 
WoUow wn. 16 Joh 

Brennan. 4-1L 3, Raffles Rogue (P Tuck. 
5-0. ALSO RAN: 9-4 favFdrt Dno (4th 1 19 


Wbaow wn. 
Glen (f). 33 


18 Roving 
-e. Raman 

ri SW. 14 Dry Bln. 16 Manna I 

(6m). 20 Masnoon. 25 NasMbrai. 33 
Mayshar.KRockBfena.1t ran. 61. 2L «. 31.. 

ZL CSF:£8ftBS 

XL jmmy FttzgeraW at Mafion. Totec 
£430: £130. ttDO. £150. DF: £1420. 

Gaiur good to soft 
10 (2m Mia) 1. came CWef 
M orahWd. 53 to); 2. Ftogest (A Wa 

^RSfS? ahlSS 

wa?’??# ? 

10-1 h 3. tfleia a r (S Sherwood. 11-4L 
ALSO RAN: 8 Itfihaad (40^, 10 Spfaticf 
Bgytino, 33 Dawn Prtoce 
Faati. OutYondar (BthL Ktoyarm. SO 
Chvry Lustre. Cuten’s PoL dS-s Frost. 
Kasa Miss Aron. 18 ran. NR: Potecroft. 
Wfee me Moon, a 51 , iki, a. Mra m 
R imofi ttSewm Stoke. Tote £230; £1,10, 
£4,oa et 23. DF: £900- CSft £1301. 

I Shoemaker (7) 
_ A CbariKK (7) 


A StaotoKt (7) 
_ P Bowmen (7) 
R Carter (7) 

145 (3ri 122yd dgi.fll 

Nichols (8-13 raw; Private 
Top Rating); 2. No-U-Tom 
CairaoejKJones. 26-1). 
Jennie Pat (£ 

(ur). 6 ran. . 



‘ Landau 7-1 


KlngsMdQB. Tots: £1.40; £1.10 £020. 
DF: K.m CSF: &59- Altar a stewards' 
inquiry the result renamed unaltered. 

^j£lM0.Me r Stewarts’ inquiry and 
second a the winner the 



1 2.15 (2m 15t, 

wyer. 8-13 bv; tochael Seely's Heph 2, 
Favour-D y Fort u ne (DWfeonson. 12-ft 3, 
OWffic*(M Dwyer. 11-2). ALSO RAN: 7-2 

hdfe) 1. BUCK UP 

1J0 (2m hefie) 1. AWT ETTY (J Lower, 


ALSO RAN; 12 La Grande Dame (f), 

Course specialists 


4th), 12 Saa Pennant BtfiJ. 5 
Sark. SL 9. 8L 15LM H 

t — w.dai Habton. Tore: £150; 

£1.10, ikeO. OF; £550. CSF; £7.78, 


Winners Runners Per Cent 

*G Richards 6 28 21.4 REarrohaw 

a^ISS f | 58 3^ 

6 67 “ omrqrim. 



Par Cant 










245 (2m 4f ch) 1. RfcPMGTON 
Hawk in s 5-2); 2. Amber RarnWur 

T&w Gate Jfl. IB Oase Longue {4thX 33 
GfeyWaraOusen ml . Baywtow Gal (pul. 
n«*nn* Coy (ptl). LaBeto of San» (pu), 
Ryerfem). I3ran. 2DL 3L a.3dTa. 

M PM at wSlfiruson. Tots £1.70; £1.70. 

emoTei-to. cfinaai csr £14.84. 



CF*. ic Mann. 16-lt^Jr. 


Pe rtiyne^ ffiao poi).'S 
CeWc *****1 

Rowe, 8-4 tot 3. tonic Be Magic 
Tbck. 11-4). ALSO RAN: 114 Wa _. 
Progress Mt). 11 Kwito (put 5 ran. NR: 
Kudos. 3L 12L20L NCnmaLMIddtahMn. 
Tote: £2^0; £1 JO, Elia DF.O0Q.CSft 
£734 r 

S ^ 20(3m<ji )1.BqGAB «?_(S Morshead. 
Y Mjt -fe*» 2 J*eaSnr(G Bradtey. n-r 
- 3, Grimy iP Scudamore. 13-2). ALSL 

fonSi (fehL 


. 25 Brooks Law. 
so Do * m "BW. 33 Outlaw 

* Le«s Hope. Msty Raman. 

55Sf\W; JPiPET - 11H - 7l 

5ftliSo!cS'“” 1l? ‘ £2 - 10 - E2 - 1B - 

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show off 
bow stand 
to Tracey 

- . DfckJ»xy. the sports min- 

- ister, will inspect Norwich Ciiv’s 
new £3 million stand before 
today s home game with Arse- 
nal, to see the latest develOD- 

. men Is in crowd safety. 

Norwich claim the stand. 
/ which has no turnstiles and is 
built entirely of fire-resistant 
materials, is now the safest in 
. the Football League after it was 
burnt in 1984. The police video 
crowd control system at Carrow 
Road will also be shown to the 

: The Duchess of Kent will 
officially open the stand before 
the home match against Man- 
chester City on February 14. 

' • Portsmouth, again rfrnwigg 
second division promotion, are 
giving their supporters a Christ- 
mas present: reducing ad- 
mission charges by 50pfor the 
matches against Barnsley, 
Shrewsbury Town and Reading 
at Franon Park over the holiday 
' period. John Deacon, the chair- 
man, said if gates improved, the 
move may become permanent. 

Portsmouth made a profit Iasi 
year of nearly £400,000, from 
~ payments for Mark Hateley 
Horn AC Milan and Neil Webb 
from Nottingham Forest, after a 
loss the previous year of about 
£430,000, shareholders at the 
annual meeting heard 
The club are still trying to 
decide whether to repair stnuy 
■ rural damage to the Fratton end, 
now partially closed, or demol- 
ish the stand for home 

• Eddie Gray, the former Scot- 
tish international, is Rochdale's 
new manager with Jimmy 
Lumsden as his assistant. 
Tommy Cannon, the chairman, 
has promised Gray £50,000 of 

-his own money to give the 
fourth division dub, struggling 
third from bottom, a new start 

• Port Vale have signed Gary 
Hamson, the Bristol City mid- 
field player, aged 27, who will 
make his debut in tomorrow’s 
home game against Chester 

Two Scots the English are trusting 

By Clive White 

. Never mind about the 
infiltration of the KGB, what 
about the more subtle infiltra- 
tion into English affections by 
the auld enemy. A Scot being 
cheered down a mountainside 
at skiing and sympathy for a 
Scottish football team's mis- 
fortunes, albeit on a German 

And today two more Scots; 
this time in opposition, cany 
the combined hopes of the 

r ‘w 

But. :-r?i*sgs£V: 

Villa Park - Alex Ferguson 
and Billy McNeilL 

That the rebuilding of two 
of English football's biggest 
institutions. Manchester 
United and Aston Villa, 
should be entrusted to Scots is 
not in itself surprising; the 
Scots are no mean engineers. 
Sir Matt Busby, Bffl Shankly 
and more recently Kenny 
Dalglish and George Graham 
are just a few examples of 
Scottish ingenuity at work in 
England. They are what is 
patronizingly described as 
“Anglo Scots'*. As though they 
were dismantled and then 
reassembled south of the bor- 

The English have always 
been deeply suspicious of the 
motives of new “emigrants” 
from Scotland, particularly 
those who come after attain- 
ing considerable success in 
their homeland. While the 
English happily continue to 
tap a seemingly ceaseless rich 
vein of playing talent in 
Scotland, very little 
prospecting has been done 
among Scottish managers. Ian 
McGoII, Jock Wallace, Jock . 
Stein and after that you are 
struggling. Those who have 
come have not stayed long. 
Stein stayed at Leeds no rime 
at all. 

Fewer still have come with 
their ambitions as intact and 
stiD vivid as those of Ferguson 

Dogont commanders-in-chief: Immigrants McNeill (left) and Ferguson face-to-fece again, but cm an English battlefield ~ 

and McNeill, yet they are two 
of the biggest treasures ever to 
be prized out of Scottish 
hands. They have won every 
honour that the Scottish game 
has to offer, in McNeill's case 
as a player as well as a 

The English game offers 
them no more than another 
challenge and a chance to 
reach out. for the ultimate 
European goal which, as Fer- 
guson discovered at Aberdeen, 
has become increasingly diffi- 
cult to achieve for Sorts ever 
since McNeill became the first 
Briton to raise aloft the Euro- 
pean Cup in 1967 as captain of 

McNeill finally set foot in 
England in 1983 after an 18- 

re turned to jparkhead in 1965. 
“We immediately set out on 
the success trail and suddenly 
there was no reason for leav- 
ing. Besides I was a Celtic 
supporter and they are the 
most loyal in the world." 

United, under Tommy 
Docherty, Tottenham 
Hotspur and Everton all tried 
without success to break up 
the most prosperous manager- 
captain relationship in British 
football by luring the indom- 
itable McNeill south. Even- 
tually it was a contractual 
dispute at Parkhead which 
severed McNeill's 1 7-year 
‘family” tie with the club 
which did itself possibly ir- 
reparable damage by peituit- 
ting his departure. While 
conceding that few players 

He has no regrets about bis 
move to Manchester, where 
by chance destiny also took 
Ferguson. McNeill exudes 
dy namism like a brash young 
executive and indeed was 
almost tempted once to leave 
the game for a company post 
in the United States. “1 find 
the English scene much more 
exciting and refreshing. I al- 
ways wondered as a footballer 
if I had missed something by 
not coming down here to play. 
I think the Celtic team's 
potential was never fully re- 
alized. It would have been had 
they played in the English 

a mental picture of a player 
whenever his name crops up 
but 1 doubt whether you can 
do that in England and I was 
scouting here long before I 
moved to Manchester.” 

Both McNeill and Ferguson 
bravely chose to move 
“house” in mid-season but 
McNeill, who admits to enjoy- 
ing pressures (“I’ve never 
known anything other”), said 
that he was surprised that 
Ferguson moved to United 
before the Oxford game. 

“I don’t care if United were 
top of the table that fixture 
was always going to be a 
problem. Alex could have 

year delay. He was poised to. display such loyalty nowadays 
join Busby's Manchester he observed that loyalty “has 
United as a player when Stein to stretch both ways”. 

“If s a much, much bigger sidestepped it and taken over 
sea and therefore harder to on the Monday but he didn't 
grasp every fish in it. That's and to be fair to him it's 
something Alex will soon typical of the man. It also 
realize. In a country the size of highlights a problem Alex has 
Scotland you can know every got to face up to down here, 
player. I like to be able to draw There are no easy games. In 

Scotland you can coast some 
of the time. In the premier 
league you play teams four 
times or more because of Cup 
ties. I found that familiarity 
breeds aggravation. 

“I don't anticipate any 
problems for Alex. He knows 
the game and he's got good 
ability. He's also got good 
players whom any manager 
would be delighted to handle. 
Alex has great experience. He 
has had the advantage of 
managing an international 
side which is very important 
and wQ] stand him in good 

McNeill's respect for Fer- 
guson — not forgetting then- 
rivalry — goes back to the days 
when they faced each other, 
literally, as centre half and 
centre forward in the unique 
Glasgow derbies (“The Man- 
chester derbies don't compare, 
nicer though the atmosphere 
is”). “He was a useful player, 
Alex. I think be played once 
for Scotland,” McNeill said. 
“He went into management 
before me and I remember 
him recommending me to ‘get 
a good club*. But I went to 
Clyde and saw the other side 
of football life where every 
strip is what counts, not every 

The Aberdeen position was 
offered and accepted by 
McNeill before it was passed 
on to Ferguson, just as when 
Stein died the job of national 
manager went to Ferguson 
before perhaps Stein's more 
natural successor. During 
McNeUTs five-year tenure at 
Parkhead few would dispute 
that he was more successful 
than Ferguson. Yet one senses 
that when the pair of them 
eventually come to the end of 
their rainbows that McNeill 
will find his pot of gold with 
country, Ferguson with club. 
After all, as a player. McNeill 
was known as Caesar. 

No warm Airfield welcome for Hollins 

By Steve Bates 

Mofaren: age against him 

Surprise call 
for Muhren 

The Hague (Reuter) — The 
veteran Ajax Amsterdam mid- 
field player, Arnold Muhren, 
aged 35, who last played for the 
Netherlands four years ago, has 
been called into an 18-man 
squad for the European 
championship qualifier against 
Cyprus on December 21. 

The former Ipswich and Man- 
chester United footballer said: 
“Fve got age against me, so my 
selection was a bit ofa surprise.” 
Muhren won the last of his eight 
caps against England in May 

to Koeman. 
Ob (End- 
Tan amata 





Way opens 
for Boyd 
to win title 

^ From Roy Moor, Mahno 

Kevin Boyd, the South 
Tyneside medical student, who 
placed fourth in the 400 m 
freestyle final at the world 
cham pionships in the summer, 
starts favourite at the European 
Cup tournament opening here 
this morning. 

His chances of success have 
been greatly improved by the 
absences of Reiner Henkel, the 
world champion, and Vladimir 
Salnikov, for so long the 
Soviet's outstanding distance 
competitor. Salnikov is here as a 
co pf fi to the Soviet team. 
Henkel's absence is due to his 
being involved in a court case at 
home concerning the sale of a 
.car be was given following his 
•■f double gold medal succeffi in the 
world championships at 
where he also won the 1 50Q m. 

For Boyd much will depend 
on bow well be has recovered 
from influenza on his recent tnp 
to Toronto. His training, form 
however suggests he is going ; to 
be difficult to beat, ta 
morning heat be has to conreod 
with Zoltan Szilagyu of Hun- 
gary, and Massimo Revtsan, « 

Adrian Moorhouse, the L*ods 
European and Common weaun 
champion, is still smarting over 
being deprived of .foe world 
100 m breaststroke title m Ma- 
drid on a disqualification. He is 

determined to proye foal of « 
the true world No 1. At 
won't have to 
Jozsef Szabo, cite ^rid dwm 
pion at 200 m brraststroke. 
w illness has forced the Hungarian 
T to be a late withdrawal. 

Rist in the waurj 8^ 
will be the Linda Donnell*; 
has escaped the more dJWJ 
die wo heals wtecb mdU“? 
Heike Friedrich, foe East Ger 
man double woiid charnpion, 
and Tania Vansuu, of luuy. 
another Madrid finalist. 

Mark Foster, thelg 
Southend sprint 

in home events, finds himsel 

matched in the 100 m 
with Stefan Volkry, 
placed fifth in the world finai- 

Kenny Dalglish yesterday ex- 
pressed his distaste for the 
cam paign urging Chelsea to sack 
Tmmangwr John Hollms but then 
laid plans to deepen his 
counterpart's plight In 
tomorrow’s televised league 
game at Anfield. 

“I can sympathize with him in 
ttat one newspaper was inviting 
readers to phone in and cast 
their vote as to whether be 
should be sacked or not,” said 
Dalglish. “But although they are 
having a bad time 1 jus! hope we 
don't catch them on the 

A Villa (19) ? 

Manchester Utd (16) 

tinted drop Tiener and gtoWaish, 
18, Ns debut in goal Hogg 
deputises tor McGrath whose inju- 
ries force Mm out tar the flret time 
tinea January. Stapleton, if fit, wifl 
be substitute. 

Luton (7) v Everton (3) 

Everton keep the same tide which 
means Watson and Harper pre- 
ferred to MountfieJd and Adams. 
Luton include WBson In a squad of 

Newcastle United (17) ▼ 
Nottingham Forest (2) 
Starbuck, 18, makes his debut for 
Forest in place of Brttes aid 
Bowyer returns in place of the 
injured MBs. Beardsley (knee). 
Boeder (groin), Anderson (foot) and 

McCreary (groin) require tests for 

Liverpool are far too pro- 
fessional to fell into such an 
obvious trap. But after their 
tiring mid-wed: journey from 
Dubai, Dalglish must guard 
against the possibility of a 
reaction to the 10 horns incar- 
cerated in Bahrain after their 
plane was forced down with 

engine trouble. 

Of more immediate concern, 
though, wifi be whether Jan 1 
Molby (hamstring) and Craig 
Johnson (back) can be restored 
to the team. “They both trained 
and well have to see if there's 
any problem,” said the Liver- 

pool manager. 

The return of either player 

win give Dalglish farther attack- 
ing options for although he’s not 
worried that four of Liverpoors 
test five goals have come from 
the penalty spot he will be happy 

to see more goals produced from 
open play. 

“People keep saying our re- 
cent goals have come from the 
penalty spot but if they hadn't 
been penalties we'd have prob- 
ably scored anyway. As long as 
we create chances J am con- 
fident the goals will go in. 
Although we got beat at Watford 


Manchester Gty (22) v 
West Ham United (5) 

West Ham may have Dickens back 
after a thigh strain. Potts continues 
in place w the injured Stewart. City 
expect adman and Baker to re- 
cover from Injury, 

Southampton <1 4) v 
Coventry Gty (8) 

Tankard continues for Southamp- 
ton bi place of Dennis, recovered 
from tonaifife. Clarke returns after 
suffering hamsfrng trouble fast 
week. Pickering misses Ms first 
game for Coventry as Adams takas 

Norwich (9) v Arsenal (1) 
Nicholas may start Ws first ful game 
for Arsenal since early October in 
place o( Groves. Phetan and Spear- 
ing return tor Norwich, stU troubled 
by numerous injuries. 

QPR (15) v Charlton (18) 
James is tack in contention for 
Rangers after seven matches with- 
out a win. Fenwick and Allen have 
shaken off colds. Charkon are tikely 
to be unchanged with Bolder 
continuing In goa 

Tottenham Hotspur (11) 
v Watford (10) 

Alton toads Tottenham's attack de- 
spite a broke nose. Watford, tor 
whom Ftico makes his first return to 
White Hart Lane, sU cannot find 
room tor BSssatL 
Wimbledon (12) v 
Sheffield Wednesday (6) 

Wimbledon wffl have to decide 
between Sanchez, just back from 
suspension, and Jones, who has 
scored in each of Ms two ramies. 
Johnsson wfl have a late fitness 
test tor Wednesday. Hodge and 
WbrtWngton have passed tiiefcs. 

we created a few chances.” 

There seems no need to be 
since the injury doud which 
threatened to sideline Ian Rush 
was finally lifted yesterday. The 
J uven ms-bound striker took a 
heavy knock as Liverpool be- 
came unofficial British cham- 
pions against Celtic in Dabai 
but Dalglish confirmed, “Rush 
will be OK”— news which could 
signal more trouble for the 
beleaguered Hollins. 

• Ken Bates, the Chelsea chair- 
man, appalled at the poll, said 
that his mail had showed a S-l 
vote in favour of Hollins. 

Liverpool (4) v 
Chelsea (21) 

Rush is lit after fimping out of the 
midweek game in Dubai and Molby 
hopes to return from a hamstring 
strain. Johnston is stfB sad to be 

troubled by a hade injury. Cheisea 
have doubts about Dixon (ankle), 
Nevin and McAllister (both groins). 

Leicester (20) V Oxford 

CNell is set to return for Leicester 

PtiMps, Whitehurst and Reck, aB 
suspended, but welcome back 
Charles after a carttaoe operation 
in place of Shotton. bothered by 
back trouble again. 

(Figures in pmrn O mm Mesa tongue 


3.0 unless stated 

First division 

A VBa v Manchester Utd 

Luton v Everton 

Manchester Cv west Han 

Newcastle v Nottingham F 

Norwich v Arsenal 

QPR v Chariton 

Southampton v Coventry . .. . — — 

Tottenham v Watford ■ 

Wimbledon v Sheffield Wed 

Botti; Qateshead v Boston: KWctonrtnster 
v WeaUsnme: MakJs*ona v BamaC 

VVaSng v Runcorn. 


S5a«sSldon v Wamfatay: B rackne B v 



rire v BSencoy: States v Uxbridge; 
Tttury v Epsom and Ewefc HMjp n and 

(Byistoa north: Avdey v Chesfxun; 
Clapton v ware: HartS vjtog: Hon>- 

CteHom St Pater vF 
MstropoStan Potee. 

Second division 

Barnsley vSundSriancf — 

Blackburn v OWham 

C Palace v Hu8 

Grimsby v Stoke 

Leeds v Brighton 

MUwaH v Huddersfield 

Plymouth v Derby — 

Reading v Ipswich 

Sheffield Uto v Portsmouth 
Shrewsbury v Birmingham . 

Hastings v Dover; Rufefo v DomhMtac 
Sheppay v TtansC raerioovflb v 


i leg scores 


Oientomn: CWtonvUte v GJgavpn; 
Cotonme v Baflymera; Lama wOstatay- 
Lunfieto v Aids; Nawry v OusadBUK 
Fonadown v Canfck. 


Brighton (20). 

FA VASE TWnfrotaxfcPo^ Victoria v 


V Halescwen; Rncaatw ; v Owmhtmtet 

^* v ]»'!sri B sss; 

ThW division 

Blackpool v Bury 

Bolton v GUUngham 

Chesterfield v Caritefe 

Fufram v Mansfield 

Middlesbrough v Doncaster 

Notts Co v York 

Rotherham v Bournemouth . 

WtisaB v Darlington 

Wigan v Brentford — 

SUSSEX SENIOfl CUP: Second round 
replay: Portfield v EasttjQumB Town (20). 
round: Arundel v WBgmoro (20); Chich- 
ester v Partem pLOc Rmcatwen and 
Teiscomba v Oakwxid (2J% Wick v East 
Grhwttod. Rat <Mrioic Burgess H» v 
HaSsham; Haywards Heaih v Horsham 
YUCA (20); Lanctag v Whitshawk; 
Shoroham v MUwr 

Fourth division 

Cardiff v Aldershot 

Colchester v Preston 

Crewe v Torquay 

: Exeisr v Tranmere 

Harttepod v Wotverhampton 

Hereford v Cambridge 

Lincoln v Swansea — - 

Northampton v Wrexham — 

Orient v Burnley 

Peterborough v Halifax __~_ 

Rochdale v Scunthorpe 

Southend v Stockport 

Prnmlar dMataw Anchoriara v Lyons: 
Chfchastar v East GrinsteadrFareftam v 
Trojans; Indian Gymkhana v Oxford 
Homes; Lewes v Bognon Marlow v 
- “■ “ 1 Tauntoraum v Tunbridge 

CroctonhB v Cortntoton n f^ Safcy v 
B tK Aw^Hegtnn-^He V hridae Serrfav 

— Coder Row v Alma Svsrtfey' 

Hartford; Havant v 
Bristol v Ctovadon 

wondngtonlOjv Burton ft). 

v Honey; 

! vAitkrtans. 

. Coventry 

[mMMK Bf Onfted v 


Chatham v 
re v Pod* 

_ own v 

wimfiQma v Fattnoutti 

OU Gwrgtans (1 


wid-i; FiSfiam v West Bam; Norwich v 
and v Mdwat Tottenham v Orient 
Watford v Charton. Second dMafawe 
CDichftstBr v Bristol Rovers; Crystal 
pglacs V Wimbledon; Luton V TottenTom; 
Mom Urttad v Brighton; Raatibg y 
Nrtterrpian: SouftafflptoB v »«font 
Swindon v Southend. 

vftur Bidetolti v Frame: BnsW Ctiy 
reserves v Weston super Mare; 
'chteoenham v Exmouth; Cbndown v 
Barnstaple; Minaheati v Taunton; 
Meteham v Chsid;_R«tfon v H ymouth 
Argyte weerves; Radstock v Bristol 
Manor Farm. 

WESSEX LEAGUE! Boumemoutil V 
Shofeito Brocken hurst v Romsey: 
|3|i v Road S ea; Homtte an v 
p53b: Lyirtngton v Thattiam; Ports- 
mouth RN v Bwrorihy. 


Ulysses v Crown end Manor. 

KENT SDBOftTRWHTi Second mr 
Tlmnes FolyMdjnlc v Swariey (ZD). 

OASf. PramteriMeion: Bicester v Morris 
Motore; Fakford v Thame; Hounslow v 
WMbrnford pJJ); Momton v Shortwood 
ISIS: S%nhavRaynare Lane; Sfwpnessv 
Patasus Juniors; Supwmarfne v Yale; 
Vwng v Abingdon United. 

Branmarn v Newmarket ; Chatnris v 
Hanteeh and Par k estar FWxstoiw v 
Cotchete a r reserves; GoriestonvOacton; 
hteton « StOMTOriatt; Lowestoft v Soham; 
Thetford v Bury Town; Tiptroa v Great 
Yannouth. Oupc THW round: Sudbury v 

ESSEX LEAGUE Senior cfatort BnanN 
wood v Camay Island; Brirt^nasea v 
Eton Manor, Burnham v HdsteaS; East 
Ham v Ctwknsfonfc East Thturock v 
Snmatad; Ford v Bowers: Rurfleet v 
Woodford: Sawbrfdgaworth v Maiden. 

LEAGUE! ft*t dMstoK Bootle v pan**- 
Swarf) v Warn; Cfltherae v 
Motoro; Congteton v GfossoK R 
Look: Kirkby v CurzonAsbUxi; RaddHfe 
. NMherflsks; stalybridga Cetttc w 
Eastwood Hanley; wtrmirdv Accrington 


toer v 

Theefcfiy v Long' Eaton. 

LEAGUE: Premier tfviakin: Bourne v 
Kempston; Brackley v Arlesey: 
Desborouoh " *-* — — *- 


and L 

Anutokfc atemford v P ti tm ou ; 

Rmnds Wottion v Hoteeech. 


fiotiaE Wowasiantoire vChesMtoft i 

Devon V Kent ( 2 £)(at NHC, WSterien). 
0-15): Premier dhtatom &rttton v 
fgfl&gton. League: Becfcewwn v 
BtacVheath; Bromley v Dirtrich; Cheam v 
Maidenhead GuBdford v St AtoanR Md- 
St*m v Tutee m Okt Kngstontata v 
Weytaridga Hawks: Richmond v Spence 
Ssatt^fe V Puriey; Wfimbtedon v 

mIerdMsioK Bedfont v NortoR wander- 
ers: Btehoris Stortford v Old Loum- 
tonians; Brentwood V Blueriarts; 
ChBlmsford v Hariwton Megptes Ford v 
Cambridge Oty;. hw*«ch v Bury at 
Edmunds; a Neote v Brexbouma; 

Float V Wtridna: Hambfe OB v 
MetropoteanPoicev Nat west Berrtc — 
Mid-Whitgiftlana v Winchester; 
Sout hampt on Universky v Bournemouth; 
US Portsmouth v Cam barley. 
KentySusmax: Canterbury v Old 
Waiainsaniam; Hama Bay v Graveeand; 
Lloyds Bank v Maiden Ruasstr. MakJ- 
stona v Otd Bontortans: Sevenoaka v 
Middleton; South Saxons v FOtkastone 
Optimist: Thames Potytodnk: v Old 
Beccehamtans; Worthing v Tonbridge. 
IfiddtosrugBerV*. Bock» and Qxcwe 
Aytesbury v NPL: Oerrards Cross v 
Bicostor, Harrow Town Swans v Ctty of 
Oxford; Hsjes v Bracknefl; Ok! Merchant 
Taylors v Tishuna: Reading Unwrsity v 
HMdon; Gunbury v AiMisham. 
National ffaata: Pool A: MdcEawx v 
StattordsMre (S-30»; Avon v Mlddmm 
(1 J); staftofdahfca v Avon ( AO)., Pool B: 
Suttok v Berkshire pi-tft Berktiwev 
Lancashire gJO); LancaAre v Sufk* 
(5.30Mat Plclce 

Scottish Cup 
First round 

Forres v Berwick (1.45)- 

First round replay 

Alloa v Caledonian 

Premier division 

B Stortford v Walthamstow — 

Bognorv Harrow 

Bromley v Slough 

Carshalton v Worthing 

Croydon v Tooting 

Far nb orough v Kingston Ian — 

Hayes v Yeova - — 

Hitehtn v Baridng 

KAfeansv Windsor 

Wokingham v Hendon 

Wycombe vOufwich 

Nriaeakty Kestrels v Bournemouth Stags 
(63lft Lee Vatoy Lions v Southampton 
Vidngs (Sift Slough Jets v Blackpool 

LACROSSE: Brioc Northern League First 
dhriaion: Hsaton Mersey v Sale; Makx v 
Stockport; Old Huimeians vChaede; Okf 
Stopfordtans v Urmstoo; Old WaoonlaRS v 
Ashton. Brine Sotflhem League First 
rDvtakm: Buckhurst Hfl v Karton; 
g^sed v Hampneot Hteerofc v 

RACKETS: World SlnfllaaChaapi on a hl p: 
Second lap John Pram v WWe Boone 
(Prem t<mS544 from fkstlegUat Queen's 
CMS. Vfost Kensington, ll^ft 
ROWMG: Burway smal boats head 
SNOOKER: Htfmabter world doubles 
tournament (at Derogate Centre, 

Steana, the Romanian Array 
dub side, or more accurately 
part of a mold-sports associ- 
ation encompassing 24 activ- 
ities sponsored by the ministry 
of defence, bad seven players in 
the recent national team which 
lost in a European champion- 
ship qualifying match to Spain. 

They know bow fiercely moti- 
vated the Argentine opposition 
will be, while any country which 
can give us Prince Vlad, "The 
Ira paler”, the 1 5th century ruler 
whose memory inspired the leg- 
end of Count Dracula, is quite 
capable of administering a few 
horrible shocks here. 

Scottish premier division 

Aberdeen v Hibernian — 

Clydebank v Dundee Utd 

Dundee v St Mirren — — — — 

Hearts vHanjfton 

Motherwell v Celtic 

Bangers v Fatidik 

Scottish first division 

Airdria v Brechin 

Clyde v Queen of Sth 

Dumbarton v Dunfermline — 

Forfar v Particfc — 

Kilmarnock v Morton — — 
Montrose v Efite 

Scottish second efftrision 

Ayr v Cowdenbeath 

E Stirling v Meadowbank 

Raltti v St Johnstone 

Stenhsnvrirv Queen's Park — 

Stirling v Arbroath — 

Stranraer v Albion — 

SQUASH RACKETS: London Standard 
British doubles championships (at Can- 
nons CUl London). 

TENMS: Nabisco Masters doubles 
championship (at Albert HaB, London); 
Royal Bank Junior winter indoor series; 
tins (St Bisham Abbey, SO am) 
National lmouk M 

of Cky v Rjrtsmouifi Hsathseef 
Newcastle (SMwttaWre) v Col- 
Lodge v Spark 

Hestsmlv Sale (tSDfe Spark 

v Southsaa Scorpions p JXft 


Icketts Lock Centre. 



BAbMMTOH: StoffbfgWra *amptan- 
ohfos (at Chestyn Hay SC, nesr Comock), 
aiwcmii - CnrhiiaM National 
P London 

v Oiapv Scten Stars; Homespara Began 
end Bury v CWeniate Btpttws; BPO* 
Roms Percy v Bmntofllam Bute« HFS 

Second dwiskat IF Group v 

Just Rentals RhonddaiPtyirouai Raktere 
v Oftttam Cafocs (7.30). »« *koi 
BCP London v Chamos Swifts 
Hamel end watford Rebate v 

BOWLS: Ptodenttel Lfoarty Ttophy 
(County Indoor chawpio naMp): Sec ond 
nuiKfc Yorkshire v Northumberland; Dir. 
ham v Cumbria: Norfolk v Wanwksfikfi; 
UneotneMre V Northan^wnahre; Somar- 
Gto v Oxfordshire; Dawn v Uftshire; 

Surrey v Kaid; Hanqnhfrev UddBSex. 
CROSS-COUNTRY: IAC races (at Alexan- 
dra Pataas, London). 

EQUESTfflANSlb Otympia Horse Show 
(at Olympia, London). 
fenong: Men's foil fsom Chtemlonsllip 
(at De Beaumont Centra, London). 

HANDBALL: British League: Tryst 77 v 
Btrkenltead (3). 

ICE HOCKEY: Heinakan League: Pramiar 
‘rtivteion: Ayr Bruins v Ounoae Rockets 
(7.0); Cleveland Bontoere v Durham 
wimps Notitopham ParWwre v 
StoMthmn RedsMns BaOL Fk«* (Melon: 

3J) unless stated 

First division 

Laicesterv Oxford (11J0) — 
Liverpool v Chelsea (3.(6) — 

Third efivision 

Bristol Rv Newport — 

Fort Vale v Chester 

Swindon v Bristol C 


( JO) 

(2.15): Cheam v Slough. 

Praatfor dMMoK Fareham v Did 

Play ofla: SaUGSi place (OS- k 3rd/ttb 
pjace (tl Jft An! (1JJ) (at Pfcketos Lock 
Centre, Edmonton). 


BASKETBALL: National Leagnactecond 
dhriaion Mens CBSCenantons &**&*" 

FENCWO: Men's tel team ch a mpionship 
(Bt De Beaumont Centre. London). 
HANDBALL: British League; Great Dm v 
Wolverhampton Wywchmc '83 (3Xft 

KiittySetectvEK'8? — 

v Uace Uff T3 (1.0); 
wohmi na mpean S Patera (lift Warwidc 

WlOTMiri tp a w n W WUilM 

ICE HOCKEY: Heinakan Leasts: Premier 

dhfekac Ayr. Bruns v Dunam Wasps 

Argentine club looking 
for a happy ending 

From a Correspondent, Toyko 

If River Plate, of Buenos explains that Duca dara felt 
Aires, collect the World Club mins in his arm while on a 
Cup here on Sunday, as many of Black Sea holiday in the sum- 
the local experts predict, it wifi met A thrombosis was di- 
end the year quite tkmy for agnosed and but for speedy 
Argentina. treatment he might well have 

World Cup victory for lost his arm — or worse. 
Maradona and his men in Mex- Although Ramon Centurion, 
ico was the main prize, of Rj^ leading scorer in 
course. Now tbe country's No. 1 ^ Ubertadores Cup, has been 

dub and South Amencancham- suspended after foiling a drugs 
pions, surprisingly for the first test, they can field an impressive 
time, sue poised to reassert thor ^np. \ t iadudes three of the 
continents hold on a trophy World Cup-winning team, Pum- 
wononly once at six attempts by pj^o, the goalkeeper, and 
a European team. Thai was Ruggeri and Enrique; Alonso 
Jnventus fast year, beanng an d Gall ego; two players who 
^genonos Juniors on penalties, ^ medals in 1978, Gutierrez 
after teams lute No ttin g nam and Alzamendi, two Uruguayan 
Forest Ast°“ v jJ !a ’ Dverpool World Cup players, and their 
(twice) and Hamwirg left Japan discovery, Juan Funes, a 

clutching only afew souvemrs J4 -Hone forwani, aged 23. 
and a large number of dollars for 

tnming up. 

Steaua. of Bucharea, the 
Romanians, are cast in the 
supporting role. However. Bar- 
celona roarf>» that mistake in 
Seville last summer in the 
European Champions Cup final, 
when Helmutb Ducadam. the 
goalkeeper, saved four penalties 
in the final shoot-out. 

Although Steaua are unbeaten 
in 16 league games in their 
domestic competition, their 
European crown has slipped 
already, having been eliminated 
by Anderiecht. The suspensions 
of three internationals and the 
absence of Ducadam probably 

the pain 
and gain 
on film 

By Datid MBler 
Chief Sports Correspondent 

Football is a team game- Hero, 
fle o fficial of the World 
Cup in Mexico, spectacularly 
awl wmlmt w ai lhr COnCCBtrates 
on what is box office: the 
individual stars, the aggression 
the crowd emotion. It may not 
drfjght all football purists or 
yet photographically 
ft is an often storming and 
occasionally revealing film. It 
goes on general release early 
next year. 

The difficulty with a feature 
film of a tournament in which 
tike outcome is naknowu when 
fiimiwg j is where to concentrate. 
Tony Mayhun, (he director, 
chose a dose-op study of the 
men who make the news, win or 
Jose: Sa m***, EUtfaer, and 
Landrup, Francescoli, 
Bstragneno, Platini, Socrates, 
Lineker, Rnmmenigge- and, in- 
evitably Maradona. SomeWi 
at the premiere in Zurich tills 
week tensed it a psyds^-tiiriUer. 

What we get, from half a 
dozen of the world's best 
c am ermen positioned around the 
pitch, is not so modi an analysis 
of pattern, of the final product, 
as a worm's eye view of the 
personnel: a pictorial gossip 
column punctuated by violence, 
ecstasy and grief. 

The achievement of the film, 
which told me nothing I did not 
already know about the play in 
Jane, is to reveal — rather like 
Another Bloody Sunday, the 
award-winning study of rugby 
league - is something of what it 
is Oke to be there out ou the 
pitch in the intensity of the 
world's biggest sporting event. 

Penalties are a 
film maker’s dream 

As C/rnguay's world foils 
apart, the camera follows 
Francescoli tike a hunted ani- 
mal, and as Denmark celebrate 
their sixth goal FrancescolTs 
haunted, empty eyes are some- 
thing we never see from the 
grEiMlstaBi or even an television. 
Likewise Sanchez's look of dis- 
belief as he is booked for kicking 
the ball into the crowd when 
Mexico score at the Azteca. 

We may deplore FIFA's nse of 
penalties to resolve drawn 
matcbgfc, bat they are a film- 
maker's dream. The high noon 
of the BrazO-France sho- i-om, 
with the gunfigfat background of 
Rick Wakeman's score, die 
cleverly interchanging live 
Brazilian or French com- 
mentators, and Michael Caine’s 
d^«l p«w delivered script, is 
almost more dramatic than was 
the moment on that memorable 
afternoon in Goadala j ara. 

Socrates and Platini shoot 
over the bar and we again feel 
the pain; we see the anguish in 
their expressions, and the agony 
in the feces of their followers on 
Che terraces, as distraught as 
people involved in a motor 
accident We see Bats in goal, 
bead on like a bear behind bars, 
as no camera normally sees a 
goalkeeper. The lens does not 
miss a Wink. 

Heroes create 
the emotion 

As Fernandez walks forward 
for France's final lock, anx- 
iously licking dry lips, be is dose 
enough for ns to pat his shoul- 
der. I wished, as his shot 
dropped the grriUotine on Brazil, 
that the camera had stayed on 
fhe losers. 

When Stanley Matthews was 
(be world's most famous for- 
ward, there was tittle film to 
remind ns of his genius. As Hero 
follows Argentina towards their 
triumph, we are able to see more 
than ever how that exceptional 
physique rides the assaults and 
leaves defenders for dead. The 
script editorialises tilde: the 
TotoNjrer BBC radio com- 
mentary of Bryon Butler tells ns 
all we need to know about the 
first goal against England. 

It would be wrong of me not to 
declare an interest, my daughter, 
whose parental education only 
once havhm indoded a football 
match, being the production 
manager co-ordinating the 
15,000 miles covered by the 
camera crews. What they have 
uncovered provides a film with a 
difference and shook) generate 
argument Harry Cavan of 
Northern Ireland, a FIFA vice- 
president, questioned on Tues- 
day the emphasis on mass 
hysteria. Vet Mayfam's direc- 
tion, like RfefenstahTs merely 
reports emotion. His heroes 
create it. 

It Is good that we see FVanz 
Beckenbauer smiling after 
Germany's defeat. There are 
some splendid shots of 
Argentina's manag er Bilanio 
making a vain attempt to sup- 
press his feelings on the bench 

Wakeman's score finctnales be- 
tween the subtle and the obvious 
and occasionally drowns Caine. 
Ultimately, the film leaves yon 
with the conviction that not to 
have been in Mexico was to have 

v Dundee I 

v Ellesmere Pen K-fft Ffc* dvfaton 
(women); BCP London v Tom R*W»i 

KSstSSaSSAvon Northampton 
v Lanfreth Lady Topcats (130). 
CYCLO-CROSS: Sfldh d Entfwfo 
ChamptaMhfo (at Sttrtey Hits, Crcydan, 

(at Olympia, London). 

gts (Oft Sotodl Barons v No t t i ng ham 
Panthers (&30): Streatham Redskins v 
Rte Byers (6.15): WWdey Warriors v 
Otevrtand Bombers [CL30X F;at tft J ' — 
Irvine Whoa v KkteMdy Kestrels 
Medway Bears v Tratford Metros 
Southampton VBOngs v Richmond Byers 
(5,45): Sundsriand Chtefc v Bournemouth 
Stop (6-30). 

SNOOKER: HahnetEter world doubles 
tournament (at Derogate Centre, 

SQUASH RACKETS: London Stondanj 
British doubles championships (at Can- 
nons Ctuh, London y 

TENNIS: Nabisco Masters doubles 
chanvionship (at Albert HaH, London). 
RpyeTBank jpmof wteter indoor series: 
Qrts (at Bteham Abbey. 9J3 am). 

VOLLEYBALL: Royal Bank of Scotland 


favour a 
Boone victory 

Willtao Boone, the holder, 
has to beat John Prenn 4-2 to be 
certain of retaining the world 
championship at Queens Club 
today. If he wins 4-3 the games 
score will be level at 7-7 since 
prenn took the first teg in NY 4- 
3, however, with a points advan- 
tage of only 93 to 92 (William 
Stephens writes). 

If the games are equal the 
ImAa t on points wins — but u 
games and points are equal, the 
holder retains the title. 

Both contenders are, to some 
extent, late developers as singles 
players. Both were in a winning 
public schools doubles pair but 
neither won the singles. Frenn’s 
partner at Harrow, Mark 
Thatcher, took those laurels. 

~|T«j«oiz/zu8m:VHFS45; World Service: MF 648KHz/46W 

M. wqwn. lowoiuTAfivv^T; vrrryo.d; tJBLTHarab London: 




Cudmore’s White Crusader had 
too many pitfalls to succeed 

Yesterday’s defeat by sue seconds at 
the hands of New Zealand finally dosed 
the door on any hopes Britaha’s 
America’s Cup crew still tortured of 
making the cut into the semi-finals after 

White Crusader, led throughout by 
the confidence and strong leadership of 
Harold Cudmore, the Irish skipper, 
went down, fighting, giving the New 
Zealanders, who have lost only once 
during these trials, one of their closest 
races yet to show what might have been 
achieved they been given more time 
and money. 

This challeng e , launch e d by Admiral 
Sir lan Easton with the backing of 
British Aerospace which put up the 
$12,000 entry fee back in April 1984 
made an inauspicious start when the 
search for finance to match the $15* 
20 million fighting budget plans drawn 
up by the leading American Syndicates 
raised little interest. 

Cudmore answer to 
doubting Thomases 

It was only when Graham Walker, the 
Jersev-bflsed millionaire, was per- 
suaded to underwrite the research and 
buiMing costs of two boats in January 
1985 by sailing companions Cudmore 
and Philip Crebbin that the Royal 
Thames YC Challenge finally lifted off 
ground. By then, the project was weD 
behind most other challengers who were 
already wailing or had new boats under 

Cudmore’s eloquent answer to the 
many doubting Thomases, was that his 
twim, the hard core of whom had sprang 
from Peter de Salary's flambouyant, but 
equally unsuccessful attempt at win nin g 
the Cup in 1983, were investing in 

“We already know bow to sail these 
boats,” he said. With no boat of their 
own, Cudmore, and a small group of 
sailor s, including eventual helmsman 
Chris Law, chartered the Lexcen de- 
signed Challenge 12 from die French to 

By Barry Pickthall 

race in the world championship of 
Fremantle last February. 

They fimshed last, bat the experience, 
which included neaiiy sinking the boat 
duri n g one heavy weather race, taught 
them a great deal — not least a need for 
the strongest gear aad eqmproent 

The fid mil” 1 ™ initial campaign fluids 
were raised through private donations 
and a £3 million share issue lau nche d on 
the London Stock Exchange, bat the 
Syndicate still remained desperady 
gisirt of cash until Guinness invested 
£700,000 into the Challenge in Septem- 
ber with the promise of a further 
£500,000 if White Cxnsader reached the 
final rounds. 

Unfortunately that bst-rafente injec- 
tion was not enough and a further round 
of Mgfe^srered meetings between 

Walker, the syndicate bead and possible 
sponsors in London last month failed to 
raise immediate interest. t i 

But if there were problems with 
pmnw, there were no question marks 
over Cudmore’s choice of crew . Th e 
Irishman is among the best in tire world 
at match-racing and many of his Grew 
shared in Brftisit victories in the last 
Southern Cross, Sardinia and Three 
Quarter Ton Caps. They may not have 
needed the same arnoam ®f practice 
given to raw recruits ha other Sy nd i c a tes , 
bat the six months spen t sa i l in g off 
Fremantle proved insufficient to hone 
White Crusader into a winner. 

Cudmore admitted as much last week 

after a worn clip holding the spinnaker 
halyard cost White Crusader 12 prints 
in her race against America II “Clips 
which work perfectly at Newport year 
after year start parting in 32 knots. 

We’ve calculated the loads, hut you have 
to sail day after day here to know the 
stress factors and when to replace 
dungs. Tins people at the top of the 
prints table have, without exception, 
c<»nwt longer down here or elsewhere 

The first gremlin to show up was a 
fault in the computer programming 
which led to instrument tenure during 
two races m the first round robin trials in 


Equipment failure 
cost three races 

However, the most telling self in- 
flicted injuries to British hopes came 
during a problem-packed three-day 
period hi the second series in November 
when an accident onboard, spinnaker 
pole failure and a lost sail cost them a 
race against America II on one day; the 
fail ure of a nmning backstay block led to 
their withdraw! wills a badly bad mast 
while leading USA in the next, and a 
jammed teff zipper hindered progress 
■g gqhtp* New Zealand on the third, 
before finally losing a man overboard 

“We thought we’d worked things out 
but in a 12-metre campaign they have a 
habit of catching up with yon. Ont of the 
hundreds of items on a boat, there will 

All the tricks cannot stop Kiwis 

^ From Keith Wheatley, Fremantle 

A White Crusa- Cudmore that he was raring New Zealand to head up wind. room. later the British abai 

A v M der conceded her against a boat that could accel- *if you luff someone head to domed the protest. . . 

> W ,w A last hope of win 
ning a place in 
the semi-finals 
of the America's Cup to the 
leading Kiwis after one of the 
most thrilling races yet seen in 
the competition. 

Harry Cudmore, the British 
skipper, manufactured a sub- 
stantial lead for White Crusader 
on the fourth leg. His ploy was 
as audacious as it was imagi- 
native. It was probably the most 
savage piece of tactical raring 
ever executed in a 25-tonne 12- 
metre. It would have looked 
daring in a 14ft dinghy. 

White Crusader won the start 

White Crusa- Cudmore that he was racing 
der conceded her against a boat that could accel- 
hst hone of win ende out from under a cover. 

“We had qo more pace left to 
give.” Cudmore said. “They 
simply had more.” 

White Crusader rounded two 
boat lengths ahead through tac- 
tical sailing and seeking minute 
wind shifts and went for a gybe 
spinnaker-set. With such equal 
boats, the British, possibly more 
vulnerable downwind, derided 
it is essential to monopolize the 
inside berth at the bony; The 
tactic preserved Cudmore's lead 
— although the Kiwis followed 
it with a gybe-set of their own, 
more slickly executed. That, 
plus a little more boat speed 

New Zealand to head up wind. room. Later the British aban- 

‘If you luff someone head to d 08 *** 
wind with a spinnaker set - It was a typical Cudmore 
that's always a bit of fun,” said v 'rZsker 

the Cudmore. “Harold saw our 
predicament and forced us into ‘* a T lg 
main no it nnw" said Dickson. Tasker, an Olympic gold medal 

making it worse.” said Dickson. 
“Our guys worked very hard to 
make the spare pole work,” 

mend: Bahth day; (Subject to protest): 
Stan anaS&lpes tt French Kbs. 2mm 
07S8G Azzumi bt CtaHsnga France, 
(wHJKkavfn). .America H M Canaria H. 1:16; 
IMa M Heart Of America. U22; USA W 
Eagle. &53. New Zealand bt White 
Crusader, (L06. 


Won Lost Pta 

by a no-nonsense margin of whittled White Crusader’s mar- 
eight seconds. Cudmore used all gin to only seven seconds at the 
his skill, that unique mixture of bottom mark. Up the second 
cunningand cold aggression, to beat Cudmore again chose the 
outfox Chris Dickson, the young left hand side of the course. 

outfox Chris Dickson, the young 
New Zealand prodigy, who later 

left hand side of the course, 
almost on the Perth shoreline. 

described himself as “out of Dickson took the Kiwis out to 

touch” after two days rest 
The breeze was a gentle 13 
knots from the SW, freshening a 
little to around 16 knots. How- 
ever, the Kiwi versus British 
tussle was sailed on an extreme 
inshore course where the wind 
may have been a little gentler. 
At the first cross, two-thirds of 
the way up the initial three mile 
beat White Crusader had about 
a boat length advantage. Cud- 
more, however, decided not to 
cross ahead of KZ7. He tacked 
away and opted to protect the 
right hand ride of the course. 

Cudmore's disdain of match- 
racing tactics went further. On 
the run into the bouy at the first 
windward mark, be declined to 
cover the New Zealanders. Con- 
fident of his advantage, be 
headed straight for the starboard 
lay line and then tossed to beat 
the mark. 

It was recognition by 


shapes up 

By Jim RaQton 
London University's trials 1 
eventually took place yesterday 
when one of the few floating 
stars eventually turned up. Salih 
Hassan. the Olympic oarsman, 
missed his train at Waterloo by 
minutes and caught his boat 
with seconds to spare at Chis- 

They now have a professional 
coach, in Mark Lees, and win 
mark their sights on Henley, the 
World Student Championships 
and the World Championships. 

Yesterday, they boated their 
lri alii sis as "Jazz Zebra' and 
'Rock' in yellow and blue raring 
shells. 'Rock', on Surrey, 
pranced away initially, but the 
cox, Tom Poole, forgot about 
the tide. That allowed his oppos- 
ing cox, Richard Besse, to come 
home with 12 seconds to spare. 

London University is an im- 
portant cog in British rowing at 
all levels. They have their own i 
equivalent of Blues — which 
they call Purples — and if the 
talents of Oxford, Cambridge 
and themselves, opted for the 
World Student Championships, 
there will a strong force wearing 
the Union Jack. 

CREWS; ‘Jazz 1 : J Lane (Abnqdon 
School and Queen Mary's) bow; Rwb 
(King s Canterbury and Bra's); *t> Martin 
(St Gearae's College and Queen Mary's); I 
J Appmxm (St Edward's and Renal , 
HaHaway and Bedford): *8 Squfcea (St I 

sea. When they met for the first 
cross. White Crusader, on 
unfavoured port tack was able to 
pass ahead of New Zealand. But 
the margin was so narrow that 
Cudmore had to bear away off 
the wind to swing the 12-metre 
dear of the Kiwi bow. 

The margin was still just 7sec, 
65ft after II miles of raring. 
New Zealand's sail handling was 
superior and her spinnaker 
ctacked open before the British. 
Then came the sensation. The 
Kiwi yacht gradually over- 
hauled white Crusader. As the 
bow came level with the British 
stern, Cudmore luffed up into 

Now Zealand IV — 
glare and Stripes — 
French Kiss — — 

America II — - 


White Crusader _ — 


Canada B — 

Heart ol America — 

Eagle — 

Anuria ID 

SO 1 162 

24 7 118 

10 12 117 

25 6 118 

21 B 115 
19 12 01 
15 18 75 
14 17 87 

9 22 61 
9 22 38 
4 27 23 

Chalenge France; withdrawn. 

TODAY’S RACES: USA v America lb 
French . Klee v Bade: ttaSa v Stan and 
Stripes: White Crusader v Chalenge 
France; Canada N v New Zealand: Azzurra 
v Heart of America. 

round: Nfcrih day (Subject to protesft 
Kookaburra a bt Koofcabtrra fl. 038; 
Australa IV bt Steak 'll' Kidney, 1:08. 


Won Lost Pis 

Kookaburra IH 25 3 50 

Australia IV 20 8 41 

Kookaburra 9 17 11 34 

Steak v Kidney 2 28 9 

White Crusader gybed back to 

starboard and was calmly reacb- 

tbe wind. The Kiwis followed' mg for The mark, while KZ7 
suit and then gybed oyer to try wallowed without a pole on her 

and duck under the British stern 
and run to the wing mark. As 
they did so a fitting at the bead 
of the spinnaker pole failed. 
White Crusader's afterguard no- 
ticed the problem and forced 

kite for nearly three minutes. 
That is a technical breach of the 
rules and the protest flag flut- 
tered from White Crusader in- 
stantly. Cudmore wanted his 
bad and another life in the jury 

winner, sailed with Cudmore on 
Siska V. “He was biding his 
time. It's probably the first time 
anyone las done that to the 
Kiwis in a 12-metre.” 

New Zealand finally overtook 
the Britons on the final leg After 
a gr uelling tarting dud with the 

boots so dose that they sailed 
through each other’s shadows, 
the Kiwis crossed the finishing 
line six seconds ahead. Given 
the speed of the boats, it always 
looked the likely outcome. The 
miracle was that White Cru- 
sader held them off for so long. 

Cudmore later paid tribute to 
the quality of New Zeala n d. 
“KZ is the best boat here in all- 
round terms,” he said. ‘If the 
Kiwis become the C ha l len g er s 
they will be the dear favourites 
to take the Cup.” 

The semi-finals should now 
see New Zealand, Stars and 
Stripes, French Kiss, and either 
America n or USA — with the 
draw and the odds slightly 
favouring the New York team 
over the San Francisco dapper 
and his radical forward-rudder 
yacht, although Canada II 
neaiiy upset America EL The 
Vanouver flier led by around 
20sec on the fust seven legs 
before the Americans found a 
fre shening , breeze to snatch vic- 
tory by wet French Kiss was 
never a march for Stars and 
Stripes, while USA left E agle 
grounded by four minutes. 

On the Defender course, 
Australia IV beat Steak *»’ 
Kidney easily and Kookaburra 
II disposed of her senior sister, 
revetting in the tight air. 


Speed and trust is the 
key to unorthodox win 

By Jenny MacArthnr 

Annette Lewis, who competes 
in her first World Cup qualifier 
at the Olympia show jumping 
championship today, gave a 
thrilling if unorthodox perfor- 
mance against the dock yes- 
terday on her Dutch-bred 
adding, Tutem, to win the 
Cognac Courvirier Speed Stakes 
by an astonishing three and a 
half seconds. 

Her extraordinary style, 
which involves Idddog-up both 
her legs almost behind her ears 
as she takes each fence, reties on 
enormous trust between horse 
and rider. That trust has not 
been lacking this year. She and 
the 14-year-old horse, owned by 
Owners Abroad Travel Group, 
won the Silk Cut Derby Trial in 

Future award on Mr John 
Reeves' ExceL He achieved it in 
considerably calmer style than 
Miss Lewis, who won last year. 

Inglis, who won the team 
silver on West End Evita in this, 
year’s European Young Riders 
Championship, needed only to 
have a slow dear in the two- 
horse jump-off after the other 
rider, William Funneii, who is 
Inglis’s best friend, had had a 
refusal and three fences down on 
Open House. 

ExceL a seven-year-old, was 
bought from Fergie Graham’s 
Banbury yard a year ago — 
Graham having bought him 
from Paul Schockem ohle’s yard 
in West Germany. It was also 
from West Germany that the 

August and were also members Countess of Inchcape bought 
of the winning Nations Cup her magnificent seven-year-old, 
team in both Ufcgc, Belgium. Everest Rapier, who, ridden 
and in Donaueschlngen, West with typical style and precision 
Germany. by Liz Edgar, had a deserving 

Yesterday the rider from Es- win in Thursday’s night’s main 
sex, aged 22, went last in the event, the Cross and Blackwell 

competition and banked all on Turkey Stakes, 
two fast turns which bad the Mrs Edgar, who is the sole 
packed arena roaring in ap- representative of the Everest 
provaL “ft was do or die,” she stud at Olympia, following the 
said afterwards. “But Tutem withdrawal of Janet Hunter 
believes in me." through injury, said afterwards 

Robert Smith, who had led that it was the most exalted 
from the start of the com- company in which the seven- 
petition on his promising new year-old had jumped to date, 
seven-year-old. City Tycoon, Schockemohk on Duster, 
watched 29 riders try and fail to John Whitaker on Next Milton, 
match his time, only to be and Frahke Sloothaak, of West 
thwarted by the ir rep re ssi ble Germany, on Farmer were 
Miss Lewis, Andy Austin, among those who bad to bow to 

its and Chamo Cross Hospital): TI 
Herd (Abingdon School and University 
College}; Ml Encash (Pembroke, Cam- 
bridge and London Hospital); S Webb 
(King’s Canterbury and King's) stroke; *R 
Beese (Cheltenham and King's) cox. 

■Rock’: N Frazer (Pangtooume College 
and Una's] bow R WBtan» (Anthony Gel 
and Urawsityj: S HAson (Bradford GS 

a's Chester and Si Mary's); S Heron 
on House School and QokJsnWhs); M 
on (King's Canterbury and Queen 
Mary's) stroke: T Poole (St Edward's and 
St Mary's) cox. ’■ (tenon Purptes. 

’ competing at Olympia for the Mrs Edgar’s superior mastery 
first time, finished third on his 
good seven-year-old, A One, 
whose numerous successes this 
year have included the Grade C 
class at the Royal Windsor 

Earlier in the day, Duncan 
Inglis, a young rider trying to get 
the break into senior com- 
petition, won the VauxhaU-Opel - 
l , young Show Jumper of the 


CBITWU- LEAGUE: Krai c6 ■M a n: Erarton& 
Aston VBa 1. Stcend dhWoK West 
Bromwich 1, Bolton 1. 

FA YOU TH CUR: S e c o n d round: Bourn*’ 

sSme^Soue: an Mow Cup: First 
need: Farehm 4. Andover 2. 

BOCA RATON, FtoridK POA C tepterTewn 
Landtag Sans; H u man* 
WS wSwrasateSttM Hubert and BTwnv. 
mD Mast and D Peoples. 61: K Knew and B 
Sandwr R Cochrane and E Goraalaz: G 
Hatasro ml S Hoch. 62: M Cak»«ccNa and 

Purser; P UnSay and M McCunter B 
Faxon and D Hapfer BE w te n and M 
SuBvan; D Bmr and S EaatMooa R Cramer 
Mf S Jones. 


YokmHma. T Nakamura: H Takas* 


TOKYO: Earopa « Asia tabte nmte tearat- 

SStoTSL. «enfcAstnW Eunted 3-1. 

Woman's teem mant Ash M Europe 2-1- 

Oat of action 

Kevin Tamati (Warrington) 
and Graeme West (Wigan) have 
been handed two-match suspen- 
sions by the Rugby League 
disciplinary committee follow- 
ing their sendings off in recent 
games. ^ 


be one or two that catch op with you at 
andal times. Itfs probably due to lack of 

... j Maim ilan 

"f fA 

In the series — damage that cost 20 
invaluable points. 

The broken boom, snapped geaoa 
sheet and a jammed halyard experi- 
enced during this latest series brought 
down the final curtain on White 
Crusader's hopes. Her crew's spirited 
finish yesterday against New Zealand, 
pr illing a glimpse of potential, if 
fiimm-g and timing had been better. 

The lesson’s gained from this chal- 
lenge are plain, us £5 million budget 
reqmred doabfing, and the crew needed 
two years to tune themselves and boat 
mtn a race winning combination. 

That might yet happen. Walker 
intends to keep the British Syndicate 
together mmpaig n one or both 12 
metres in die the world championship 
off Sardinia next Jme before mounting 
a fresh challenge in 1990. The only 
question remaining, is whether Peter de 
Savary will also Ire throwing his hat in 
the ring? 



2** * 

: : '-v --'i.; Sm £ 

FuD safl for homes White Crusader leads New Zealand, hot ultimately lost and now goes ont 

RUGBY league 

Leigh are 
to upset 

By Keith Macklin 

The two most powerful sides 
in nigbv league, Wigan and St 
Helens.' are kept aiart by the 
draw for this weekend s quarter- 
finals of the John Player Special 
Trophv and there are already 
visions of tlw wo 
providing a derby game m the 

Uigh seem unlikely to upset 
the applecart at Central Park 
tomorrow, with Wigan having 
settled their diffa-enceswth , 
Ellery Hanley, and basking in 
the confidence-boosting warmth 
of having already' trounced 
Leigh in the 8^“ **«* 

SC \yjgan are without their ros- 
oended captain, Graeme West, 
Snd move the lanky Australian, 
Ian Roberts, to the front row 
Sth the South African, Rob 

Louw in the second row. 

Warrineton would have been 

xnore confident £defeting St 

Helens had they been able to call 
upon two key players. However. 
Andy Gregory, the scrum baff a 
in dispute with the club and the 
New Zealand forward. Kevin 
Tamati, is suspended. In addi- 
tion. Warrington have several 
other injuries, and they will 
need to produce a great effort to 
beat the rampant Saints. 

St Helens themselves have 
injury problems with the goa? 
kicking centre Paul Loughlm 
and Graham UptroL the experi- 
enced hooker, likely to be 

Barrow, the outsiders, could 
produce a surprise at the ex- 
pense of Widnes. who are 
showing patchy form at the 

In the match chosen for 
television today, Bradford 
Northern entertain Hull to pro- 
vide continued interest in the 
competition from East of the 
Penines. Television will pro vide - 
a platform at national level for 
Terry Holmes, whose shoulder 
operation has kept the joint 
secure since the start of the 

Holmes is m superb form and 
is settling down to prove that his 
signing fee of 180,000 was 
money weU spent by Bradford. 
However, Hull are coming back/ 
to their best form 



Johnson is out of 
action after crash 

Clubs in ticket row 

By Nicholas Hailing 

Val Gardena (Reuter) — Bill 
Johnson, the Olympic downhill 
champion, will be ont of action 
fin- the rest of the Alpine ski 
season after in juring his left 
knee in a training crash 

“I don't think he will be ready 
for the spring,” Dave Don- 
aldson. the American team doc- 
tor, said Johnson lost control as 
became offthe last ofthe Camel 

Z ui fr rig gen, aged 23, knows 
he has something to prove; He 
has won two of the season's , 
downhills — ; ax Las lenas, j 
Argentina and Val dTsene, 
France — but neither was on a 
hill regarded as particularly 

rhallt- ng ing , 

His last success in a big 
downhill was early last year 
when he became world cham- 
pion in Bormio, Italy. 

Mailer, aged 29, tire fastest in, 

Bumps on Val Gardena’s 3,640- “ 

metreSaslong course— anotori- 9“ 

ously difficult trio of jumps fef. ma y mm P • j 30 ^ 116 . ,.?S 

where many riders have come to 

Hie American, who had not 
gained any points this season, 
had set only the 58th fastest 
time in another training run on 
Thursday for today’s fourth 
World Cup downhilL 

Johnson’s coach, Theo Nadig, 
said he discussed the Camel 
Bumps with Johnson before the 
practice. “I told him you can 
take either the left line or the 
right line — one is faster and one 
is safer — but don’t take tire 
fniddie line as it is dangerous. 
But Billy took the middle line 
and you could see he was 

Meanwhile, Firmin 
Zurbriggen and Peter Muller, 
Swiss team colleagues, will com- 
pete with contrasting qualities 
when they line up among the 
favourites for the classic event. 

In a race that could be 
determined by tire weather, the 
aH-round expert, Zurbriggen, 
will be tested by Muller, a true 

In cold weather, Val 

attempt to redaim the downhill 
cup he won in 1979 and 1980, 
shared in 1982 and missed by 
five points the last two seasons. 

Muller is currently nine 
points behind Zurbriggen in the < 
downhill positions after winning 
tire first Las Lenas race. 

The Italians had tire best show 
in practice yesterday with local 
man, Michael Mair, the fastest 
and Igor Cigolla second. 

The Swiss team’s great rivals, 
the Austrians, have always fired 
weQ here and looked strong in 
training with four men among 
the top eight. 

• On his favourite downhill 
course, Martin Bell, has been 
testing his nerve and a slight 
hamstring problem. . 

In the four training runs he 
built up to a sixth position on 
Wednesday settling back to 45th 
yesterday in the last practice 
before today’s race . 

On the first day he started 
with 38 going up to fourteenth 
in the second. His normally 
unflappable character has been 

Basketball’s first seD-out cop 
final at the Albert Hall on 
Monday has upset supporters of 
the two finalis t* Supporters 
club officials of both Polycell 
Kingston, the holders, and HFS 
Portsmouth have protested to 
the Eng lish Basket Ball Associ- 
ation that no more than 150 
tickets were reserved for late- 
comers of each dub. 

Even with the Albert Hall 
caparity reduced to 4,500 by the 
size of the court, the dubs fed 
they have been unfairly treated 
by the EBBA. 

Md Welch, the secretary of 
the EBBA, explained yesterday 
that they did not want to be left 
with tickets on their hands. “If 
people can't be bothered to buy 
tickets for the final in advance 

and then come along only if 
their team has readied the final, 
then I have no sympathy for 
them at all.” he said. “I would 
have thought they would have 
bought them months ago but 
you always get the kind of 
people who want to ride on 
bandwagons and become part of 
a glory trip.” 

His comments failed to pfa- 
cate Simon Mattidc. the chair- 
man of Kingston’s supporters 
dub, who said; “The allocation 
of tickets to the dubs is totally 
insufficient It’s ridiculous.” 

Portsmouth have also sold all 
seals at their Mountbanen 
Centre on several occasions. 
They, too, feel they could have 
received more tickets. 


Continued from facing page SUNDAY 


In cold weather, Val J™ mntm U* 

Gardena's Saslong course is a 168111 ™P 818 « 8 

toitt»h rtemandtne downhill top performance in this the last 

tough, demanding dow nhill 
dominated traditionally by the 
greatest names of the Swiss and 
Austrian learns. 

But recent warm tem- 
peratures could mean con- 
ditions on the artificial snow 
will favour Zurbriggen rather 
than Muller. 

world cup downhill rare before 

Mrs Wno 12J0MI From Grade to 
Qory, doss. 

BseB EBasaa ^a. 

1290 WOrld CtnmpkxwHp Boring 
1 J0pu4.1l Knight Rktar 1290a 


1240 Wbrid Ctmnpknihlp Bating 
-U0pm-2.1SThe FeOGuy UXtamtaratfi- 

f-«6 • • 11 • • lawH-isTdcFnGuyur 

Figim ends her winning 
drought with first place 

Val d'Isire (Reuter) - 
MicheJa Figim won ter first 
World Cup alpine ski race in 
nearly two years when she led a 
Swiss sweep of the top three 
places in the first downhill ofthe 
women's season yesterday. 

Miss Figini, the Olympic and 
world champion, surged home 
ahead of the World Cup overall 
and downhill champion, Maria 
Walliser, and their team-mate, 
Heidi Zurbriggen. 

Miss Figim had to look bade 
to February 2, I98S and the 
world championship downhill 
in Santa Catarina, Italy, for her 
last race victory. Her Iasi World 
Cup win had been a giant slalom 
in Saint-Gervais, France, the 
previous month. 

But the Swiss, starting sixth, 
cast all that behind her as she 
sped down the 2,154-metre 
“OJCL.” track in one minute 
2S.S9 seconds to overhaul Miss 
Walliser by 0.31 seconds. 

Miss Zurbriggen, whose 
brother Pinnin won a men's 
World Cup downhill here a 
week ago, confirmed her ex- 
cellent training form to take 
third place. 

Miss Zurbriggen, whose pre- 
vious best World Cup race 
daring was twelfth, started 
fortieth of the SI racers and 
pipped by 0.21 seconds 
Austria’s disconsolate . Karrin 
Gutensohn, second in last 
season's downhill World. Cup 
qnnding g after three rare 

Canada's, Karen Percy, 
crashed just before end and 

tumbled through the finish, but 
still managed to take ninth 
place, although she was bruised 
and .diatom , 

Four riders failed to finish but 
there were no appalling crashes 
ofthe kind which left Austria's, 
Christine Putz, in a coma for 19 
days a year ago. . . 

Miss Figini, who has switched 
rid brands this season, ted 
signalled her return to form with 
feetprf training times on the two 
days before the raoe, the first of 
two downhills followed by a 
super-G here this week. 

Miss Walliser was faster at the 
top ofthe course, which had a 
615-metre vertical drop; but 
Miss Figini powered through at 
the bottom. 

Swiss skiers have won all but 
one of this season's five 
women's World Cnp races, 

*Tve got a completely new 
motivation this season. That 
counts a lot. I’ve really got a lot 
of confidence after all the work 
that's been done,” she said. 

“But I did not have a super 
race. I made more mistakes man 
yesterday and that costs time. 

GRANADA London o*- 

Woman 2.15-Z4S Dreams 12J0aaSpo- 
oW Squad taoCtaso. 

rt.tso ufa Rutf* 11 .-S^r P,B - 


1L00-12J0 Wortd OwntoraMp 
Bopdng lUtaa Lots CaftL* Ctree. 

Tlraa 1-OODn TTw Bwrarty Wfc-iMes* 
l-ZiWaaSer IJOiOO (Wng ttmy 
I225ro Tha Road to MNahani. 



92S430ftfex the 2000 Year OM 

channel ftjfffiiBWT, 

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Francate Chro-Vous 1J0 The Potmen 
Brothers 1.45-2JM Video Club 
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Edited by Peter Dear and Peter Davalle 


• M inim alist It might be, but 
I found no repetitive Weak- 
ness about the musical land- 
scape in John Adams's 

ooncerto for two pianos that is 
botii discussed and performed 
in Michael Madntyre’s docu- 
mentary Grand Pianola Music 
8.25pm) which com- 
pletes his trilogy about 
contemporary music-making 
on the American west coast. 
Moreover, so attractive and 
evocative of the Californian 
landscape is this work that the 
striking aerial photography of 
the region which complem 
ents the orchestral action is 
sometimes no more than a 


• A poor day lor movies, the 
one mighty exception being 
Kurosawa's Kagemasha 
(BBC2, 10.05pm) which, even 
though it will lose something 

on the snail screen, will stiff 
leave much to wonder at 
• Plentiful ysroooohs!, plus a 
stetdy home “spook 14 , and an 
off-key carol from Bob 
Cherry, almost n«iw up for 
the total absence of seasonable 
snow in Billy Banter's Christ- 
mas Party (Radio 4, 7.00pm). 
Hugh Thomas’s Banter 
squeaks to the manner bom. 

Peter Davalle 


• A humdrum script is com- 
pensated for by Andrew 
Dunn's poetic photography of 
wiki India in Man-Eaters of 
Kraaoa (BBC2, 7.15pm), the 
story of Jim Corbett,&ig-game 
hunter and mmnatisL Aka 
affectionate film 

Corbett and tiger was a 
remarkable one, and Kirby 


his film with a shot in which a 
tiger’s head is superimposed 
on Corbett's during a magic 
Lantern tectnre. 

• Best of the rest: Candle m 
the Dark, (RBC1, 1005pm), 
Everyman’s film about the- 

■ ^ j— J. la 

aao FamR^Ums. ( r) 8-36 Tha 

_ __ Moppet Betties. 

&00 Seturclsy Superstore 
managed by Mike Read. 

Among the customers are 
NeH Kmnock and the new 
Bue Peter presenter. 

12.1S Granda^d%roduced by 
Desmond Lynam. The fine 
up is: (subject to 

alteration) 1220 Football 
Focue; 12JJ5, 1.15 and 
. __ 1-» Racing from Ascot 
14» News summary and 
weather 135 Std-tog: 
from Val Gardena; 1J0 
Cricket Third Test 
second day's play; 235 
RaMng: from Otymptis: 

Brands I 

j; 330 Show 


League: a John Player 

350 Half-times: 435 Final 

535 News with Jan Learning. 
Weather. 5 l15 

Picnic, by Jooelyn 
Stevenson, (r) 

6.10 Bob’s Ftafl House. 
Television binao quiz 

Monkhouse. (Ceefax) 

650 M-de-HIThe 

entert ai nments staff take 
themseivee to see the f3m 
Bambi but the late-night 
showing proves to be a 
war flm and Gladys starts 
dreaming that she is In the 
RAF. (Ceefax) 

720 The Paul Daniels Manic 
Show. With the 
Crimewateh crew, Nfek 
Ross and Sue Cook: ’Mr 
/'Sound Effects', Wes 
Harrison; and the Guang 

IL05 SSL. A neighbour on 

Megan's estate Is under 
seigB in his garden shed, 
threatening to shoot a 
chfid unless the press are 
catied; and when a Danish 
bu si nessman dies. Ids 
gk t f r ton d begins to act 
strangely. (Ceefax) 

835 Newt Md Sport. WUh Jan 

Leemkig. Weather. 

9.10 Ffa The Dsastmsster 

(1952) sterling Marc 
Singer, Tanya Roberts, 
andfflp Tom. Fantasy 
adventures of a hero who 
has animsls on his side as 
he fights the forces of evi. 
Directed by Don 
CoscareH (Ceefax) 

1130 International Show 

Jumping from the Grand 
Hal. OtympfeL The Modem 
Introduced by Darid Vina 

12.10 The Rockford FVee. Jim is 
accused of murder when 
he becomes involved hi a 
feuding comedy double 

130 vitamer. 

WWsSS a&iSisaaiMifefeSiSiK 

MF {medfejm wave). Stereo on 
VHF (see below). 

News on the half-hour until 
1230pm. than 2ML 330, 530, 
730, ua 1230 nWMght 
630am Mark Page. 830 Peter 
PoweM. 1030 Dave Lee Travis. 
130pm Adrian Juste. 230 
You 3 ! Never Be 18 Again Qvstot 

YouH Never Be 16 Again (history ol 
the British teenager). 330 Tha 
American Chart Show (with Gary 
ByrdL 530 Saturday Lhra (Andy 
Kershaw). 630 In Concert Christy 
Moore and Howard Hughes and 
the Western Approaches. 730 
Simon Mayo. 130-1230 The 
Midnight Runners Show (featuring 
Friends of Garin). VHF Stereo 
Redos 1 A Z 430am As Rado 2 
130pm As Radio 1.730- 
430am As Rado 2. 

MF (msdum wave). Stereo on 
VHF (see Rado 1). 

News on the hour until 130pm, 
then 330, 630, 730 and hourly 
tram 1030. Cricket Third Test 
(Australia v England) at 432am, 
532, 632,731835 and 
132am, 232, 332. 

430am David Yamal. 630 
Steve TruBfove. 835 David Jacobs. 
1030 Sounds of Ihe 60s. 1130 
ARjum Time (Peter CtaytonV. 
1.00pm News Huddfines. 130 

E on 2. Includes: Rguby Union 
iv Midlands. South and 
West v London) end Radng 
from Ascot 630 Brain of Spot 
1986. 630 Don't Stop Now - Vs 
Fundation. 730 Beat tha 
Record (Keith FordycaL 730 An 
Evening in Vienna. 830-8.40 
Irene Prador goes down the 
Danube. 930 string Sound 
(BBC Radio Orchestra). 1035 
Martin Ketner. 1235am Dave 
Getty. 130 Bit Rennete. 330-430 
Mefropota Orchestra. 


News 939 nmm et nw *■£ 

Ks W31 Hm* HurnfjM JgpSE 
from America '5“£! 

1100 News »139 ftowAbOrt Briton 

NWS13D Twenty-tour Hauls W **; 

UK 145 country Style 230 Now 
231 Music Now 230 Album TiflW 330 

gftBBgjaas wg 

■s« , M3K ! S 

SSSo hSSVm MIMjiMj* 

a^Sounds of the Steles 9 30 PN ph 

own Com»f»nd« ««0 NwM«b 

1230 News 1239 NewB^wjBram 
<2.15 Rado Newsreel ijaoftiw 8» 

Sjg M vwra 

our. _______ 

Regional TV: on fixing page 


830 Ceofeor 1130 Open 
University 130 Ceefax. 

2.15 FRm: Doubte DynanriU* 
(1944) starring Jans 
Russel, Flank Sinatra and 
Groucho Mane. Musical 
comedy about a shy bank 
derk who wins a fortune 
on the horses at a time 
that cohckta with ■ short- 
fefl fn the benk^i books. 
Directed^ Irving 

330 FBnc The French Lino 

Russ/l, Gffijert Rohmd, 
and Arthur IfennkaiL To 
recover from a broken 
engagement to a man who 
was going to marry her tor 
her money, heiress 
takas a cruise to France 
under an assumed name. 
Directed by Lloyd Bacon. 

5.10 Laramie. Wait Douglas 
sets out to fkid his missing 
daughter, (r) 

630 t n tom eh onal Bridge Cfcdt. 
With Arturo Franco (Italy); 
ZlaMahmood (Pakistan t 

Christian Marl (France); 
and Robert Sheehan 
(England). Introduced by 
Jeremy Jamas. 

630 Cricket Third Test Richie 
Benaud presents 
highlights of the second 
day's play. 

635 NeimMew with Jan 

L oo m i ng and Mokra Stuart 

735 Satmday fle view 

Davies. Tbeehe: John 
Ctfffonrs LosIngVanica; 
Horror: novelist Ramsey 

Campbell and fflm director 
David Cronenberg; Music: 
the Swiss rock h rotet, 
Andreas Voffanweider. 

835 West Coast Story. The 
third and final programme 
of the series featuring tha 
music of CaBbmia. 

9.10 AlPasrionSpenLA 
repeat of episode one of 
the three-part 
dramatiz a tion of Vita 
SackvBJe-Wesfs stoty of 
an aristo cratic widows 
renaissanoe after tha 
death of her statesman 
husband to whom she 
surrendered Iwr 
independence. Starrhg 
Wendy HUer, Harry 
Andrews, and Maurice 
Denham. (Ceefax) 

1035 FtocK ag e mush afThe 
Shadow Warrior) (19«n 
starring Tatsuya NakacaL 
An awwd-winning epic 
drama about the struggle 
for power between 
century Japaa A powerhd 
dan wariorri dadoes to 
keep Ms death secret for 
three years by sparing the 
Bfe of apeasant thief who 
wffl fight in his stead. 
Directed by Akira 
Kurosawa, (in Japanese 
Ends at 1230. 

635 On medkan wave onfy.Test 
Match: Third Test From 
Adahlda. Coverage 
continues urtB7 JSam 

635 OnVHF.WBathar.730 

735 Aubade: Smetana (Ffom 
Bohemia’s Woods and 
fields £zech PCQ, Dvorak 
(Song to the Moon, 

Safer) (poncerto In ft 
Academy of St Martin-Jn- 
ReUsjMhlGooiBt. flute, 

and HoKger.otxw). Grieg 

Nos 2 and 3: 
Pbflhannonla). Debussy 
(Arabesque No 1: GtaseWng. 
piano), Ropertz (Prelude, 
marine et chansons: EUs, 
harp and Melos 
Ensemble). Hu mpanf t n ck 
(Dream pantomime. 

Hansel and Gretafc Popp, 

Burrowes, Fassbaender, 
Vinna PO). Mendelssohn 
(Konzertstuck No 1 in F, 

Cto 1 13: Wiatantoerg C^. 
Mozart (Musical Joke. K 
522: Academy of St Martin- 
in-Fields). 830 News 
835 ReconJ Review: Includes 

recordings of Mozart? Don 
Giovannu With Paul 
Vaughan and Richard 

10.15 Stereo Release: 

Beethoven (Sonata inC 

minor, Op 30 No ai Stem and 
tetomki), Brahms n-no in 
C minor. Op 101 : taael 



730 News. 7.10Today*s 

7.15 DnYowFann 
735 In Perspective: Reiffous 
affaire with Rosemary 

730 Down to Earth: Mfce 
Titefvttarsh. 735 Weather 
830 News. 8.10 Today’s 

8.15 Sport on 4: News of the 

and the htsna ti onsi Horse 
Show _ 

838 Yesterday in Partemertt. 

837 Weather 
930 News 

835 Breakaway. Travel and 
leisure programme 

by Peter KMIner. 

1030 Loose Ends: Ned Sherrin 
and studio guests 
1130 From our own 

potties abroad reported by 

1230 Money Box, with Louise 

Jobs Adams, the Americas composer, talks abort asd 
conducts his Grand Pianola Mnsic on BBC2, &2$pm 


935 A Question of Economics. 
Part nine. (rt830 * Whet 
If s Worth, (r) 1 030 The 
Heart of tha Dragon. 
Marriage to China, (r) 
North Wales, (r) 1230 
Wbrtdof AnkMtkm. 

1230 Channel 4 Racing from 
Doncaster. Brough Scott 
introduces coverage of tiie 
123ft 1.10,130 and 2.10 

230 raw Forever Amber 


Sanders. Seveitieenth 
century romp about an 
amora woman who goes 
from man-to-man and 
eneb up the mistress of 
King Charles IL Directed 
by Otto Preminger. 

535 Brtx>ksJd& (tf Oracle) 

630 Rfarirt to Reedy presented 

Fredmck Treves as the 
ationta In Man- Eaters 

635 TV-am totroduced by Mike 
Morris. Weather at KJ5B; 
news art 730. 

730 The Wide Awake Club 
indudas comedy trio 
Morrte Mqlorteidtho 

935 World C ham ptonal ri p 
Boxing. TheWBA 
Heavyweight bout 
between Tim Witherspoon 
and James ’Bonecrusher* 

10.25 No 73. Fun and games for 
the young. 

1230 Newevrim Nicholas Owen. 

1235 Saint and GraevsJe. Ian 
and Jimmy review the 
week's football news and 
look forward to this 
weekend's games 1230 
Wraattna Two bouts 
from theftbert Halls, 

130 CM|w.Ponch and Bobby 
meet a young teenager 
who claims she robbed a 
Jewafleron Instructions 
from an aflan 2.18 Wease 
6M Comedy storing John 
AMtorton as a harassed 

235 Snooker. The start of tiie 
best-of-23 frames final of 
the Hofewistor World 
Doubles, Introducd by 
Dickie Devias from the 
Demgale Theatre, 


435 Reauks Service. 

630 News. 

535 Blockbusters. General 

knowledge quiz game for 

535 Urn A-Team. An extended 
episode following the 
fortunes of the sokfiars of 
fortune as they comb 
Amazortia looking tor 
Tawnia Baker’s missing 
fiance, (r) 

7.15 Beadtafe About Jeremy 
Beadle plays practical 
Jokes on unsuspecting 
members of the pubtic. 

7-45 NawFbcesoCSS&and 


Birmin^iam H ip podrome. 

9.15 Unmtunl Cetwea: 
Partners, by Nicholas 
Palmer. Eric, a small 
businessman, has been 
having an irregitiar affair 
years. Each day tiwy have 

■ * a plain hinch prepared for 
them by Elltf a wpla, but 
today they are in for 
• something (fifferent 
Starring Ronald Lacey. 
Frances da la Tour, and 
Annette Crosbie. (Orada) 

10.15 News and sport 
1030 Snookar. The second 
session of the find of the 

1230 LWTnewsheadQnes 
foflowed by Dkwiace at 

1235 Spe ci al Braart Ptitoe 
drama series. 

130 MgM Thoughts. 

David Graham, executive 
producer ofThe New 
EnBghtenmwit defends the 
programme against 
accusations mat It is not 

630 The Great Australan Boat 
Race. Highlights of the 
ettnktoion raoes tor tha 
America's Cup. 

730 News summary and 
weather foSowed by 7 
Days. Cardinal Rune talcs 
about sexual moratty and 
Aids; and Ann Loades 
reports on Human RkHa 

730 ThoAn(rio-tndlans.The 

second and final part of 
the doc um entary in which 
Paula Ahluwafia returns to 
her homeland to 
kivasttoate the fete of the 

830 Redbrick. Programme il 
of the 12-part series on a 
year In the fife of 

piano Trim 
1135 Boston SO 

Boston SO (under 
Ozawa), with 
Tangtowood Festival 
Chorus. MaJoofan Lowe 
MoBn),SyMa McNair 
(soprano). SchUlsr 
(Seven studfes on Paul Klea 
themes), Bruch Mofln 
Concerto No Urafenc 

Op 26). 

Op 30). 


930 Tropical Moon Over 
Doridng, starring Paiilne 
Coffins. Drama about tin 
chaste characters of a 
romantic n oveflsfa latest 
Henson and Hetty Baynes. 

1030 Wl Stre et Bl uee . An 

overflow of prisoners 
makes fife in the precinct 
house even more chaotic. 

1130 Who Dares Wkta. Off-beat 
comedy show. 

1145 Six of marts: Tafl Dark 
Stranger. The fifth of six 
programmes illustrating 
thadverattyof gay fife. 

1235 The TWBght Zone: The 
Fugteve* An old man fafis 
tout at a crippled girTs 
aunt after he cures her' 
lameness. FoBowed by 
OneMorePoBemr A 
wealthy man with a chip 
on his shoulder invites 
round the three men hi Ms 
Be who have humBtetad 
him. Ends 8t 1.40. 

Kggins, Bryan Robertson. 
835 BBC angers. Ave 
Maria. 1852; Ossa srida, 
1879; Ave Vwum corpus, 
1871; md Mtesa chorals, 

7.15 Musical Times Past ites 
Wetorian musio-nKridng. 
With Fritz Spiag)(r) 

730 Nash Ensemble: 
Cortege and D’un mafin da 
printsmpsL and 
Beethoven (Rano Trio In D 
Op 70 No 1) 

830 LesDanaidesrSafieffs 
five-act tragedki lyrique. 
Sung In French. Acts 1 to 3. 
Ausman Radio 
SO/Chonis of Vienna 
U nwersiiy o f 

Econcxnics3ok»ta induda 

Cabalie. Rfisuko, 

Chausson and Gonzatez 
935 Poetry in its Place: talc 
by the Palish poet Adam 

1 (J 

i in'. ,i|.rTifer 


Tr • j |») ^ 1 j 

T 1 ' r.'fa 

1035 Everyman: Camfle in the 
Dark. An exploration of 
the pain t ings of Georges 
de la Tour. 

1035 ODonnei Inve sti g ate s— 
Boaza. DrO'Domel, in 
the first of a two-part 

4 < V i ^ i i y ti <i ' ’ ’jJrm 

immm ■: wti ' ? m 

330 BBC SO (under Pater 
EOtvos). Wagner (Faust 
Ovoertu4a), Liszt (Ce qu*on 
entend sur la montagns) 
350 Dietrich Rscher-Dkwkau 
at Sat2burg; with Gerald 

Moore AI Schumann 

progrernme. Includes 12 

if? l r‘t'» > T,f^r?*-i 

5.00 Jazz Record Requests: 
with Pater Clayton 

555 Critics' Fbrunc wfth Pwl 

1227 Quote—. Unquote: The 
quotations game with a 
cetabrity panel (s). 1235 

130 News 

1.10 Any Questions?: Esther 
Cedi Paridnson MP. Ken 
James MacFartane. Frtm 

BristoLI.55 Shipping 

230 News; The Afternoon . 
Play: Mock Manoeuvres 
by David Mairowitz (s) With 
Judy Loe endive 
Morrison in tha cast. 

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* * * 


Dennis is 
fined and 
left out 
of team 

By Give White 

Mark Dennis, the 
Southampton defender, was 
suspended for one week yes- 
terday by the dab for his 
newspaper revelations this 
week about a fracas involving 
himself and Peter Shilton, the 
England goalkeeper, daring 

the pre-season summer tour to 

Spain three years ago. 

Dennis, who was also cen- 
sured by the PFA following 
the tenth j fw"”” 1 of his 
career recently, coaid face 
farther action from the FA for 
bringing the game into 

The FA were believed to be 
waiting to hear what action the 
dab took before considering 
their own charges. Dennis had 
already been omitted for 
today's game at The DeD 
against Coventry City despite 
recovering from tonsillitis. 

Last month Dennis was 
fined move than half a week's 
wages for his dismissal in the 
Utdewoods Cap tie against 
Aston Villa, following which 
Allan Evans, a fellow pro- 
fessional, lodged a complaint 
with the PFA against Dennis's 
- conduct. Dennis agreed that if 
he was sent off again this 
season he would donate £590 
to a charity. If he is not the 
PFA will pmke the donation. 



Walsh: Villa Park debut 

Walsh, 18, 
in goal 
for United 

Chris Turner, the Manches- 
ter United goalkeeper, was 
dropped yesterday and his 
place given to Gary Walsh, an 
18-year-old debutant, against 
Aston Villa at VBIa Park 
today (Give White writes). 

Earlier yesterday Alex Fer- 
guson, the United manager, 
tii indicated that Turner 
would play despite being at 
fault for two of the goals in die 
televised 3-3 draw with 
Tottenham Hotspur at OW 
Trafford last Sunday. Brian 
Clough, the Nottingham For- 
est manager, has also pat his 
faith in an 18-year-okL choos- 
ing Phil Sferbock to deputise 
for the injured Dirties against 
Newcastle United at St James' 

Another positional Old 
Trafford which is giving cause 
for concern is centre back and 
yesterday Howard Kendall, 
the Everton manager, dis- 
missed speculation that Derek 
Mountfield was about to join 

Wayward English 
seam proves a 
boon to Australia 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Adelaide 

Once they had failed to take 
any advantage of a rooming 
conducive to good swing and 
seam bowling. England were 
committed to much bard work 
when the third Test match 
started here yesterday. At 
close of play, Australia, after 
choosing to hat, were 207 for 
two. Boon having ended his 
run of low scores against 
En glan d with a wholly ad- 
mirable innings. 

When everything should 
have been concentrated on 
making the batsmen play in 
the opening overs, DeFreitas's 
control deserted him. It must 
have been maddening for both 
Small and Foster to see it In 
his first spell, DeFreitas 
bowled 1 1 no-balls and far too 
much else that the Australian 
opening batsmen had no need 
to play. „ . . 

Two short delays for rain m 
the first hour may have been 
unsettling for the bowlers — it 
was a poor day by Adelaide 
standards — but neither that 
nor an occasionally-damp ball 
could account for the extent of 
DeFreitas's waywardness. 

After such an unpromising 
start England did well in the 
end to contain Australia to 
225 runs an over. In the 
afternoon, when Gatting was 
bowling very decently at one 
end and Edmonds was wheel- 
ing away at the other, and then 
when Edmonds and Emburey 
were in harness, runs had to be 
properly earned. 

It was good to see Boon 
playing so welL He is small 
bearded, tough and talented, 
with the buikl of a tree trunk. 
Against England's bowling, 
and on a pitch of little pace, he 
had no need of a helmet His 
opening partnership of 113 
with Marsh was Australia's 
best against England for 17 
innings and only their second 
of three figures for nearly 50. 
Shades of Woodfull and 

Boon's hundred, his fourth 
for Australia, almost equalled 
in aggregate the runs he had 
made in his ten previous 
innings against England. It 
lasted for just over five hours, 
and would have been worth 
more but for the very long 
straight boundary, which pro- 
vided several all-nin fours but 
only one that reached the 

The trouble with England's 
fifth bonder, namely Gatting, 
was not that he failed to 

measure up to the task, but noon, and England had a 
that he under-used himself much-improved session. 
DeFreitas and Dilley cost 113 Bringing himself on, albert 
runs off 32 overs: Gatting’s reluctantly, Gatting found a 
seven cost 13, and Emburey testing length, and the ground- 
and Edmonds’s 53 only 80. fielding passed muster, with 
-That Gatting decided against Lamb’s especially conveying a 
taking the new toll, available 
very soon after Border came 
in with 30 minutes left, was no 
compliment to the first two. 

However, it is available this 
morning, when DeFreitas may 
be less nervous and Dilley able 
to bowl more consistently into 
the corridor around the off 

In 24.5 overs before lunch 
Boon and Marsh scored 64 
runs, playing every bit as well 
as they needed to. Marsh was, 
in fact, beaten by the first toll 
of the match, but Daley’s next 
one flew away down the leg 
side. After that, Dilley lacked 
not so much accuracy as nip. 

DeFreitas’s first over, the 
second of the match, con- 


AUSTRALIA: RrU inntags 
G R Marsh b Edraonda «■ 

D C Boon c Wbttakw b Eodxmy ~ 103 

D M Jones not ou» — 27 

-AH Bonier not o ut— - 19 

Extras (b 1.114 14) - -_15 

Total (2 wkb) — 207 

A Raid to bra. 

FALL OF WtCKETS: 1-113, 2-1BS. 
BOWLING: May 14-1-554; DeFraMs 
18-4-58-0; Botany *M9-1; Edmonds 
28-11-41-1; Gatting 7-1-13-0. 

ENGLAND: BC Brood, C W JAtboy. *■* W 
Gatttaa A J Lamb, D I Gower, J 4 
WMator. fC J Rjebmds.PAJPcFrBtaa, 
J E Embnray, P H Edmonds and G R 

Umpires: A Clatter and S G RvkML 

tained two no-balls and four 
toils so wide of the stumps 
tha t Boon had no need to play 
them. DeFreitas was better in 
his later spells, but his was not 
bowling of Test class at the 

By the 13th over of the day, 
Emburey was bowling in con- 
ditions which a seamer would 
st ill have enjoyed. As his own 
third seam bowler, Gatting 
should have tried himself 
before lunch, even if the 
dampness had taken much of 
the shine off the tolL l thought 
it a pity, too, that he left 
DeFreitas to his own prob- 
lems, rather than helping him 
with them. Gower, from mid- 
off was a help in this, it is true, 
but it was not a happy 
morning for England, nor a 
warm and pleasant one. Hie 
distant hills were shrouded, 
the players sweatered. 

It was milder by the after- 

fine air of eagerness. Between 
lunch and tea 32 overs yielded 
over 63 runs, and 20 minutes 
before tea came the first of the 
day’s two wickets, a rather 
lucky one. Sweeping at Ed- 
monds, Marsh edged the ton 
onto his left elbow from where 
it rebounded onto the stumps. 

- When Gatting had Dilley 
and DeFreitas in tandem 
g ffnn immediately after tea, 
Australia regained the initia- 
tive. The captain, I think, 
tends to overlook the value of 
attrition. Dilley’s three overs 
cost 22 runs, and Boon took a 
hop and a skip towards his 
hundred with three good fours 

in five balls, a hook, a straight 
drive and an on drive. It 
looked, once, as though a mis- 
hit hook by Jones off. 
DeFreitas would carry to 
Dilley at long leg, but it fell 
just short. There were very few 
forced errors, as the tennis. 

S en say, but there was a 
cite hint of turn. 

Just before the evening 
drinks, Edmonds dropped one 
a shade short and. with his 
14th four, a square force 
through the off side. Boon 
reached his century. For one 
ugly moment 1 thought that 
Jones was going to kiss him 
through that dense zariba of 
hair. Happily he thought bet- 
ter of it Displays of public 
emotion are ever more over- 
done. With Emburey back in 
partnership with Edmonds for 
the last hour, England a gain 
bowled as though knowing 
what they wanted to do, and 
achieving it, particularly 

Asa result. Boon bad added 
only three runs in 35 minutes 
since resiling his hundred 
when, losing patience, he took 
a pace to Emburey, and drilled 
him to mid-on, where Whit- 
aker caught the ball in his 
midriff tailing backwards as 
he did so. In the last 65 
minutes, Jones scored only 
five runs. Border, however, 
had started to make up for this 
with a boundary or two when 
stumps were drawn. A distant 
forecast would have England 
fighting for a draw, in face of a 
large total, just as Australia 
were in Perth. 

100 dub: David Boon, Austrafia's Test centurion yesterday (Photograph: Graham Morris) 


Meo’s break stirs the blood 

Tony Meo's break of 1 12 
provided the first ripple of 
excitement in the second 
semi-final of the Hofmeister 
World Doubles championship 
yesterday at Northampton 
where he and Steve Davis led 
Dennis Taylor and Terry Grif- 
















By Sydney Fris kin 
fiths 4-3 at the interval of their 
17-frame match. 

Meo's break, combined 
with the 55 which Davis 
compiled in the third frame, 
gave them an aggregate of 167 
which was not enough to beat 
the record of 171 set by Mike 
Hallett and Stephen Hendry 
on the previous day. 

The quartet from Barry 
Hearn's stable did not break 
any speed records, the fastest 
frame being the seventh which 
took only 14 minutes, thanks 
to Meo’s break. The slowest 
were the second and the fifth, 
each of which took 29 min- 
utes. The seven frames of the 
afternoon lasted three hours 
and IS minutes. 

The day started well for 
Davis and Meo who were 
trying for their fourth title in 
five years. Davis made 51 to 
answer Taylor’s break of 42 
and take a 1-0 lead. Taylor 
saved the fourth frame on the 

black ball clearing from green 

to black. Griffiths levelled at 
3-3 with a break of 40 but Meo 

at last found the freedom he 

was seeking to make his break 
of ill which could have 

reached epic proportions if he 
had not missed the green 
which be tried to poL 

Stephen Hendry, the Scot- 
tish champion, aged 17, was 
too absorbed in break-build- 
ing on Thursday night to 
worry about personal glory. 
When asked what he felt like 
being the youngest player ever 
to reach the final of an open 
tournament he said he was not 
thinking on those lines. He 
and HaUett, aged 27, seemed 
not to havea care in the world 
when they defeated John 
Vngo and Kirk Stevens 9-2 in 
one of the fastest matches of 
the tournament 

They will face a stiff task of 
character and temperament in 
the 23 frame final which starts 
today and ends tomorrow . 
There will be 14 frames on the 
first day and nine on the 

SEMI FINAL: S Davte and T Meo (E 

lead D Taylor (M) and T Griffiths (Wate 

3. Frame scores (Davte and Meo fire$ „ 

51. 43-61. 67-14, 47-S6. 63-22. 5-62, IIS- 

5. Tbondsy'a Send-ftaot M HaBatt (Eng) 

and S Hendry (Sco) bt J Virgo (Engl and K 

Stevens (Can) 8-2. Frame scores (Haten 
and Hendry' first}: 14-38. 75-47. 1-94, 120- 
9. 72-35, 77-36, 71-12, 71-23, 63-21. 72- 



on Scoff 

From a Correspondent 

With Boris Becker losing 
here yesterday, the dis- 
appointed German crowd 
turned their gaze elsewhere, 
focusing- on some of the new 
talent that may emerge from 
the European Young Masters. 

An Austrian, Horst Scoff 
who plays with gleeful aban- 
don, pleased the most. , 

Scoff is the first young 
Austrian to emerge after a 
hiatus since the departure of 
former international players, 
Hans Kary and Peter El ter. 

Still only 18. Scoff is the 
prized pupil of the former 
Czechoslovak international, 
Jan KukaL who is also the 
Austrian national coach. 
Kukal spotted the talent in 
Scoff and has been working on 
developing his ground, strokes 
and i fflaniina- 

Scoff beat Karel Novacek, a 
Czechoslovak, 6-3, 6^3 but 
still finished third in his 
round-robin group of four. 

Earlier in the day, the two 
Italians in the 16-player field 
faced each other, playing a 
predictably emotional match. 
In the end, the pecking order 
prevailed, with the higher 
ranked Paolo Cane beating 
Claudio Pistolesi, 6-2, 7-6. 

RESULTS: GoM grans P Cane (IQ M C 
Pistolesi m 52. 7-8. Gram wf H 
Staff (Austria) W K && 6-a 

J B Svansson (Sw»)w/oJ Caisson (Swe). 

Group table 

p w l sf » 
Svansson 3 2 * 4 2 

SkoH 3 2 14 2 

.Carisson 3 2 14 2 

Novacek 3, 0 3 0 6 

(Svansson queUfles far sm-finats on 
most games wort). 

Had Fosp JCanttr (US) W 


Ed berg and Jarryd 
show their strength 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

(USSR) 6-1. 6-7: A Chesnohcw II 
S Becker (WG) 6-2, 4-6, 7-6. 

Group table 


tor semi-finals) 






Stefan Edberg and Anders 
Jarryd. Sweden’s Davis Cup 
partnership, advanced to the 
semi-finals of the Nabisco 
Masters Doubles with a 5-7, 6- 
3, 7-6. 6-2 win over Christo 
Steyn and Dame Visser at the 
Royal Albert Hall yesterday. 

On Tuesday the Swedes will 
fly to Australia in readiness 
for the Davis Cup final, to be 
played in Melbourne from 
December 26-28- Australia 
beat Sweden 3-2 at Melbourne 
in the 1983 final but a 
fortnight hence the Swedes 
could become the first nation 
to win the Davis Cup three- 
years in a row since the 
challenge round was abol- 
ished, after the 1971 

Sweden wffl be without 
Mats Wilander, who is to be 
married on January 3. Edberg, 
rei gning champion of Austra- 
lia, will obviously play singles 
and the other singles place will 
go to Joakim Nystrom, Jarryd 
or Mikael Perafors, in that 
order of probability. “We’re 
looking forward to titis final, ” 
Edberg said yesterday, “be- 
cause it’s going to be difficult. 
Beating Australia in Australia 
is not easy for anyone.” 

Edberg and Jarryd have 
played three matches at the 
Albert Hall and have im- 
proved every day. “Doubles is 
much quicker than singles and 
lakes time to get used to,” 
Edberg pointed out “But 
when you get hot in doubles, 
it’s fun.” On court this sleepy- 
looking chap had even man- 
aged a few smiles, which is 
about as dose as Edberg gets 
to emotional outbursts. 
Janyd’s form was particularly 
encouraging. Since Wimble- 
don he has had two operations 

on his left knee and ' he 
resumed practice only three 
weeks ago. 

Nystrom and Wilander won 
only two of the 11 sets they 
played at the Albert HalL On 
this evidence it was hard to 
believe that they won 
Wimbledon (having been 
within a point of a straight sets 
defeat) and reached the 
United States final Neither 
packs a heavy punch, so the 
rest of their tennis needs to be 
very good indeed. 

Mure DePalmer and Gary 
Donnelly beat them 4-6, 7-5, 
6-1, 6-4 yesterday. The Swedes 
led 5-3 in the second set, bad 
four set points, but lost 11 
grimes out of 12. In the fourth 
set they bad two breakpoints 
for a 5-3 lead and three more 
breakpoints in the last game of 
the match. 

The spectators included 
Bob Howe, a former doubles 
champion of Wimbledon, 
France and Australia. Howe 
reckons John McEnroe is the 
best doubles player he has 
seen since John Bromwich but 
that by comparison, today’s 
general standard of doubles 
play is “rather 
commonplace”. One would 
not argue with any of that But 
the Albeit Hall event has been 
consistently impressive and 
entertaining, lacking only the 
extra dash of class Howe was 
talking about. 

RED GROUP: S Edberg and A Jvr 
(Swe) bt C Stewi and 0 Vfcser (SA) 5-7, 

& 7-6, 8-£ BLUE GROUP: GDwweny and 
M DePahner (US) U M Wander and J 
Nystrom (Swe) 4-6. 7-5. 6-1. 84. 

Record attempt 

Flayers will attempt to score 
a world record number of 
baskets in a minute, during 
half-time in Monday’s 
Prudential national cup final 

Test for ski 

Calgary (Reuter) — Mount 
Allan, the controversial site 
for Alpine skiing at the 1988 
Winter Olympics, will havea 
thorough examination later 
this month which could deter- 
mine its future as a games' 
venue. Officials of the Inter- 
national Ski Federation are 
due next week to witness the 
first competitive events to be 

held on the mountain. TTswrrr fionnv 

If the venue is not approved llUgg UStppj 
World Cup events scheduled 
here for next March could be 
cancelled. If that happens, 
organisers admit hopes of 
staging Olympic events on the 
mountain would be almost 

Royal stand 


Queen official!) 

Hogg: fiery bowling 

Cup legacy 

Arthur Albiston. the Scot- 
land and Manchester United 
defender, enters hospital to- 
day for a hernia operation. 
Albiston. who will be out- of 
action for around four weeks. 

Port Elizabeth (Reuter) - 
The rebel Australian cricket- 
ers dominated the opening 
day of the three-day match 
against Eastern Province yes- 
terday. After dismissing the 
home side for 1 17, the rebels 
replied with 88 for no wicket 
by the close. Eastern Province 
wilted in the face of fiery 
bowling by Rodney Hogg (4 

^ tlly 

a 'new stand at Shef- 
field Wednesday yesterday, 
the largest in the firet division 
with a capacity of 23,000. A 
crowd of 35,000 were there, 
more than have attended any 
of Wednesday’s home games 
this season. 

Collins out 

Phil Collins, who quit Brit- 
ish League speedway racing 
with Cradley Heath at the end 
of last season, has broken his 
left leg racing in Australia. The 
accident occurred in only his 
second meeting in Brisbane 
and he will be outof action for 
at least six weeks. 

Curry’s place 

Jilly Curry, one of Britain’s 
top freestyle skiers, finished 
12th with 103.9 points in the 
women's aerials competition 
of the FIS Freestyle World 

for 30) and Rod McCurdy (3 -- - . - _. - c 

for 38 . Only a battling 60 by . Cup series at Ttgnes. Sweden’s 
their' captain. Mark Karen Herzog came firei with 
Rush mere, carried the score 153 points. Catherine Lom- 
SEE uSBTta’SC ' Sd lflbSe first five bri. rfJM second 
K Mex^> wickets had fallen for24juns. 'P^ce with 137 pom^ 


Moriarty loses favour 
with Welsh selectors 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Paul Moriarty. the Swansea 
flanker who made his debut 
for Wales against Ireland last 
season and played in their 
next four games, has been 
omitted from the Welsh 
squad, named yesterday, to 
prepare for the forthcoming 
Five Nations tournament 

Moriarty was disciplined by 
his club after a punching 
incident during Swansea’s 
game against Richmond last 
month and was subsequently 
dropped from the Welti) lriaL 
His exclusion now may be 
construed as further punish- 
ment Richard Webster, aged 
19. is included among the 
flankers in his first senior 
season with Swansea. 

Wales’s first championship 
game is against Ireland at 
Cardiff on January 17 and.lhe 
presumption is that the selec- 
tors will work from this 33- 
strong squad for the opening 
game. All the players "who. 
finished last Saturday’s trial 

on the winning Possibles side 
are included. 

Jonathon Davies, the se- 
lected stand-off will be one of 
the contenders for the cap- 
taincy, currently held by Rich- 
ard Moriarty who will not be 
fit for most of the champion- 
ship season. He took over 
from David Pickering who is 
in the squad but must hold off 
the claims not only of Davies 
but the uncapped Phil May, a 
successful leader of Llanelli, 
and Peter Francis, who has led 

WELSH SQUAD: Backs; P Thorium 
(Neath), M Wyatt (Swansea), U Gnvata 
Lfarssitt A craw (Swansea), i Evans 
nJaneN), A Hadley (Cardiff). 0 Webb* 

neffl. S Evans (NraW. JP Rands 
(Maestae). J Jaaies 

(Abamon). K PMUps (Neath); P May 
(UaneM), K Moaatoy (PtatypooO, R 
Nooter (CardHf), S Sutton fSauth V&tes 

PoSce); R Centos (South warn Pottak B 

Pugh (NMtn), R V 
Davies (Uarw*B),M 

More rugby, page 31 

trip by 




Chief Sports 

To adapt Voltaire, the price 

of stardom is eternal vigilance. 
Boris Becker, defeated m 
grand surroundings a few days 
£«o by Iran Lendl at MadiSM 
Soware Garden, now is short of 
riiflance, not to say sleep 
when losing yesterday oulus 
own doorstep to Andra 
Chesnokav. of tto Soviet 
Union, in the Waterford Crys- 
tal Young Maste rs nnd er-21 
championship at Stuttgart 

Fortunately for Becfca; 
sadly for Cbesnokov, the ATP 
No 2 still advances to today's 
semi-final, Cbesnokov having 
lost one more set in the round- 
robin group* There was an 
ironic twist to yesterday’s 
encounter: feme and fortune 
will inevitably cost Becker a 
proportion of his personal 

freedom, while for Cbesnokov 
such a notable victory should 
ensure ***** to continues to 
receive an extended exit visa. 

With tennis coming into the 
Olympic Games, the Russians 
need to develop their top 
players, yet they would not 
want this marveilffiusly mobile 
young man to jmnp the dollar 
fence like Lendl. Last year 
Cbesnokov, who is 20, played 
only three international tour- 
naments and was 126 in the 
rankings. This year, given a 
to has beaten 


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Davis, Forget, Svensson and, 
in Paris, the No 2 seed 
Wilander, and Perafors in the 
US Open, to efimb to 37. 

One match 
too much 

Though Becker was remark- 
ably erratic, serving and 
volleying without consistency, 
Cbesnokov, with his Brezhnev 
eyebrows and brooding stare, 
is as resilient as (me of those 
india-rubber Japanese mara- 
thon runners. No matter where 
Becker pat the ball, 
Cbesnokov would get it back. 
He makes scrambling look 

Tfom nph he may not see any 
of the £8,000 for second place 
in his group, yesterday's 
performance must surely be 
worth a better apartment in 
Moscow for trim and for his 
coach, Tatyana Nanntko. 

Becker regularly double- 
faulted, cursed gently under 
his breath, changed his rao* , 
quet several times, and his , r 
shirt, but tore was one match - 
too modi for the Wimbledon I 
'champion. He smashed into 
the net from three yards, 
volleyed out with an open 
court, ever hit his drives; as. 
Cbesnokov said afterwards in 
a burst of English: “Becker 
today play not so well!” 

Although he still has that 
youthful freshness of 18 
mouths ago when he first leapt 
to fame, Becker has aged. 
There were moments yes- 
terday when to looked care- 
worn at his press conference. 

“I felt tired and empty”, to 
said, “and 1 couldn't con- 
centrate. Andrei made few 

The skip but 
no recovery 

Yet Becker said that until 
the final tie-break ran away 
from him to never considered 
defeat. Fatigued to. may be 
from a transatlantic flight, bat 
he has that indo mitab le vigour 
which in a fit young man of 19 
knows no bounds. “I'll recover 
tomorrow” he said with a 
confident shrug. 

It was quickly apparent that 
all was not well with him when 
two errors saw him lose his 
second service to go 3-1 down 
in the first set. Losing it agaiu - 
with two donMe-fenlts, he wa^ 
5-1 down. Although to broke 
back in the next game, he 
surrendered his service the 
third time to lose the set. The 
crowd chanted to try to revive 
him, hot Chesnokov's patience 
was getting inside his gaud. 

Although both players 
contiuned to lose their serve. 
Becker took the second set 6-4 
and seemed to have recovered. 
He would give that tittle 
confident skip on the baseline 
between games, but 
Cbesnokov, sensing perhaps 
what an impact he could make . 
in television dips on the news 
hack home last night was 
digging in. 

Becker broke service to love 
and to lead 2-1 in the final set 
only to surrender his own" 
service to love m the next 
game, doriMe-fenlting and 
hanging his head. The next 
eight games went to' 
Chesnokov’s service, with 
Becker unable to get Iris foot in 
the door. 

Double-faulting to go 2-6 
down in the tie-break, to was 
always struggli ng , and on the 
second match point at 6-4 
Cbesnokov won a long rally 
when Becker’s hack hand once 
more was nearer the spec* 

tators than the tine. 





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