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No 62,641 

as Nimrod 


Ministers were 
themselves last night for a 
week of furious parliamentary 
assault as the dispute over the 
choice of Britain’s early warn- 
ing radar system for the RAF 
developed into the most 
politically damaging defence 
row since Westland 

The Conservative Party is 
split on whether the Govern- 
ment should back the British 
Nimrod system built by GEC, 
on which £960 million of 
public money has already 
been spent, or the American 
Boeing E3-Awacs system. 

Mr James Prior, a former 
Cabinet Minister who is chair- 
man of GEC. is claiming that 
the competition has been 
rigged against the British op- 
tion. while the RAF is hitting 
back furiously, saying that he 
is impugning its honour. 

The Commons Select 
Committee on Defence is set 
to mount an inquiry into how 
the decision has been taken on 
Nimrod and Awacs. 

Many Tory MPs, while 
agreeing that the RAF must 
have the best system, are 
nervous of the Government 
choosing against a British 
company, which has factories 
in 127 constituencies, and 
opting for an American prod- 
uct which is likely to cost at 
least £500 million more. 

By Robin Oakley and Peter Davenport 

bracing Meanwhile the Labour 
Party, mindful of the parallels 
with the- Westland affair this 
lime last year, is demanding 
that the Government goes for 
the British-made option, 
which virtually everyone in 
Parliament believes it will 

reject, first at a meeting of the 
Cabinet's Defence and Over- 
seas Policy Committee on 

it would be “absolutely 
disgraceful” if the Govern- 
ment chose Awacs. He ac- 
cused the Defence Ministry of | 
irresponsibility in its han d lin g 
of the affair and called the 
treatment of his company a 
“major scandal". 

He accused Service officers 
of bias in favour of Boeing and 
demanded that the decision 
should be delayed for some 
months while an independent 
assessment was conducted. 

Mr Prior complained that 
GEC should have been allow- 
ed to see the assessment by the 

Ministry of Defence equip- 
ment policy committee, which 
had apparently sealed its fete 
on December 4. 

Ministers are convinced 
that the Cabinet will on 
Thursday endorse a call from 
Mr George Younger, Secretary 
Slate for Defence, to back 

Awacs. Privately they echoed 


9 There is £24,000 to be 
won next Saturday in 
the The Times Portfolio 
Gold weekly 
competition because * 
there has been no 
winner for the past two 

9 Saturday’s £4,000 
daily prize was won by 
Dr John Bent of Earls 
Barton, Northampton. 
Details page 3. 

• There is a further 
£4,000 to be won today. 
Portfolio list page 22, 
how to play, information 
service, page 18. 

James Prion claims 
contest was rigged 
Wednesday and then at the 
full Cabinet on Thursday. 

There is little sign of Nim- 
rod support in the Cabinet 
Hopes that Mr Nigel Lawson, 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
would back the GEC option 
on the ground of cost have 
been dashed. Mr Paul 
Channon, the Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
is expected to be almost a lone 
voice in favour of GEC 
More than 100 Tory MPs 
have signed a Commons mo- 
tion backing Boeing if that is 
best for the RAF. 

The Opposition Front 
Bench will to-day call for an 
i mmediat e Commons states 
meat saying that it would be 
intolerable for Parliament not 
to be told of the Government’s 
intentions until Thursday, the 
day before Christmas recess. 

In a series of weekend 
interviews, Mr Prior said that 

of Slate 

Privately the. 

the suggestion mom a Boeing 
spokesman that Mr Prior was 
merely a bad loser. 

Contrary to views that the 
two systems were neck and 
neck, the decision of the 
equipment policy committee 
was, according to one source, 
one of the easiest ever made 
on technical grounds. 

Some reports said that die 
technical assessment consid- 
ered by the equipment policy 
committee had come down 
“devastating^ against” Nim- 
rod and that the Awacs system 
was superior in range, target- 
ing and in dealing with newly 
developed “stealth” 

Mr Prior insists that Nim- 
rod can meet all the RAFs 
performance targets, that it 
can be delivered sooner than 
the Boeing Awacs — since the 
airframes are already built — 
and that it wQl be cheaper. 

He Iras said that the de- 

Continned mi page 18, col 1 

Martin Fletcher (left), ^ 


from ashes 

By Ian Smith 
Northern Correspondent 

Pretoria releases 
abducted Swiss 
couple at border 

The protective arm guiding 
a pensioner through the 
crowds at the Valley Parade 

stadium at Bradford yesterday 10 Swaziland yesterday, 
epitomized the courage which They were abducted 
has conquered Europe's worst armed raids on houses 
football disaster: 

Mr David Hustler, aged 47, 
an assistant supermarket man- 
ager, and Mis Kathleen Kelly, 
aged 70, were attending the 
inaugural ceremony to mark 
the £2.6 milli on rebuilding of 
Bradford City Football Club, 
where 56 spectators died when 
the stadium caught fire on 
May 11 last year. , 

I jkft others among the 
crowd of 15,500 somberly 
queueing to pass through the 
turnstiles they were there to 
pay tribute to the men, women 
and children who died and to 
celebrate victory over disaster. 

For Mr Hustler and Mrs 
Kelly it was a poignant mo- 
ment The last time his arm 
was around her shoulder was 

when be stood among the . ««*•» *-*- — v~. " "h, 
stadium flames and threw her on Friday night I strongly 
bodily over a protective wall. 1 condemn these illegal acts ot 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

been a factor in prompting the 
South African decision to 
hand the couple back. 

Announcing the decision 
yesterday. Mr Botha said that 
in view of “the special circum- 
stances of this case" and the 
“good relations" which South 

Two Swiss nationals who 
were seized by South African 
Government agents in Swazi- 
land last Friday were returned 



Mbabane, the Swazi capital, 
and Manzini, the small king- 
dom’s main industrial centre. 

The seizure of Mr Daniel 
Schneider, aged 29, a commer- 
cial artist, and his fiancee. 
Miss Corinne Bischoff, aged 
25, an assistant hotel man- 
ageress, provoked sharp pro- 
tests from the Swazi and Swiss 

Mr R F “POT Botha, the 
South African Foreign Min- 
ister, said on Friday that the 
couple had been detained 
because of evidence that they 
were involved with the out- 
lawed African National Con- 
. “in the spheres of vio- 
: and intelligence". 

Swaziland's Prime Min- 
ister. MrSotja Dlamini. said 
on Friday night “I sire 

Big boost planned 
for jobless scheme 

By Robin Oakley, Political Editor 

Bokassa faces 
the evidence 

Witnesses begin today to 
testily in the trial of the former 
self-proclaimed Emperor of 
the Central African Repubbc, 
Jean-Bedel Bokassa, on char- 
ges including mass murder 
and cannibalism Page 10 


Bruno chance 

Britain's Frank Bruno has 
been offered the chance to 
meet Mike Tyson for the 
world heavyweight champion- 
ship if the American boxer 
becomes the undisputed 
champion Page 3B 

Liverpool third 

Liverpool, the Football 
League champions, moved 
into third place in the first 
division as they defeated 
struggling Chelsea 3-0 in 
yesterday's televised match at 
Anficld Page 3® 

America II out 

America II. the New York 
Yacht Club's $20 mfllion en- 
try in the America's Cup, wii 
not contest the final for the 
first time in 135 years after 
being beaten by New Zealand 
yesterday. 28 

Pay warning 

Wages and salaries in manu- 
facturing industry are using 
far faster in Britain than major 
competitors, according to a 
management consultant^ ^ 

Japan’s record 

Japan is now third in JjJ* 

European caries league ate 

takine a record l- per cent 
market share in the first mw 

months of this year PageW 

Ministers are planning a 25 
per cent increase in the 
government scheme to per- 
suade unemployed people to 
set up in business on their 

The Enterprise Allowance 
Scheme, under which the un- 
employed are given £40 a 
week for a year on starting up 
their own businesses, to cush- 
ion them against the loss of 
their social security benefits, 
has become the most im- 
portant part of the 
Government’s employment 
stimulation measures. 

Including the pilot scheme 
begun in 1982, more than 
190,000 businesses have now 
been set up under the scheme 
and two out of three have 
survived, a remarkably high 

The Government now al- 
ters, through the Manpower 
Services Commission, 85,000 
places on the scheme. But they 
are already implementing a 

Tax cut plan 

The Government is studying a 
olan to cut the basic tax rate 

rather than raise the jene^ 

level of allowances 

Page 19 

Home News 2-5 
Overseas b-iu 

4^ , ... 11 
Births, dedh* 
marriages >' 

Business 19-33 
Court |2 

Crosswords 12.IB 

La» Report 23 

Prem Bonos 

Sale Room 


Sport 25.3830 
Theatres, etc 10 
TV & Radio 29 

promise in this year’s Budget 
to increase the number to 
100,000. Now employment 
ministers are to press the 
Treasury for funds to increase 
the scheme by about another 
25,000 places. 

Unusually, they are unlikely 
to meet too much resistance. 
One of the benefits of the 
scheme to the Government is 
that of all the job creation 
initiatives, only extra employ- 
ment created by the Loan 
Guarantee Scheme works out 
cheaper in terms of oost per 

It is reckoned that each new 
job created on the Enterprise 
Allowance Scheme costs 
about £2,600, compared with 
an annual cost to the Ex- 
chequer of more than £5,000 
for every person on the un- 
employment register. And for 
every 100 businesses begun 
under the scheme an addi- 
tional 99 jobs have been 
created on average. 

Both still bear the scars of that 
day. ■■ 

“We are just both glad to be 
back,” said Kathleen as she 
squeezed her rescuer’s hand. 

Mr Justice PoppleweU, who 
chaired the inquiry into the 
disaster, officially opened the 
new stand and overhead a 
light aircrafl flew past trailing 
a streamer proclaiming, 
“Bradford’s Bouncing Back" 
The dub’s chairman, Mr 
Stafford Hegmbotham, sur- 
veyed the ground, focused on 
the new stadium’s expanse of 
5,500 orange and yellow seals 
safeguarded by dose-circuit 
television and magnetic exit 
door-locking controls, a newly 
covered Kop and contained 

He knew it was a glib 
phrase, he said, but made no 
excuse for describing the scene 
as a phoenix which had risen 
out of the ashes. 

The rebuilding and renova- 
tion cost £2.6 million but for 
the spectators who stood with 
minds numbed by memories, 
voices choked by emotion as 
they sang “Abide With Me", it 
was a small price to pay. 

Leading an England celeb- 
rity XI on to the field came the 
Continued on page 18, col 3 

aggression and urge the Gov- 
ernment of the Republic of 
South Africa to desist from 
violating our sovereignty and 
to respect Swaziland's com- 
mitment to peace.” 

lo sources in 

Swazi Cabinet 

considered dosing the South 
African trade mission in Swa- 
ziland in protest against the 
raids, a threat which may have 

Africa enjoyed with Switzer- 
land and Swaziland, the Gov- 
ernment had “come to the 
conclusion that it would be in 
South Africa's best interests to 
send the two people back to 
Swaziland today." 

Mr Botha gave a warning, 
however, that Pretoria would 
not hesitate in future to take 
action against dements within 
the country and in its neigh- 
bouring states which endang- 
ered South Africa's security. 

Mr Schneider and Miss 
Bischoff were released at 
about noon yesterday at the 
Ostaoek border post 12 miles 
from Mbabane, and met by a 
friend in a private car. The 
couple said they had been well 
treated but intensively inter- 
rogated about their alleg 
connections with the ANC. 

• According to Swazi sources, 
two people were killed in 
Fridays raids, one of them a 
boy aged 13, the son of Mr 
Danger Nyoni an assistant 
manager at a restaurant in 
Mbabane who was kidnapped 
and taken to the Transvaal 
town of Middelburg, only to 
be released on Friday night. 

Mine blasts, page 6 

Sketch draws conflicting views 

By Gavin Beli, Arts Correspondent 

The purchase of a seven- 
teenth century drawing by the 
British Museum has started a 
conflict among art experts 
over whether it is a valuable 
Rembrandt, or a lesser work 
by one of his pupils. 

The museum, which paid 
£3,500 for the black chalk 
sketch at auction in Amster- 
dam two weeks ago, says that 
it was drawn by Rembrandt 
himself and therefore may be 
worth up to £250,000. 

Christie’s, which valued the 
drawing at between £1,000 
and £2,500, maintains that it 

is more likely to have been the 
work of a student — and both 
sides quote renowned authori- 
ties to support their cl a i ms . 

Mr Martin Royalton-Kisch, 
the assistant keeper of Dutch 
and Flemish prints and 
drawings at the museu m , said 
yesterday he was convinced by 
both physical and stylistic 
characteristics of the drawing 
that it was a genuine Rem- 
brandt . 

However, Mr Francis Rus- 
sell a director of Christie’s, 
said another leading expert 
believed it to be the work of 

Nicoiaes Maes, one of 
Rembrandt's most gifted pu- 
pils, while Mr Russell, himself 
a connoisseur of Old Master 
drawings, thinks it was drawn 
by a nei ther pupil Ferdinand 

Even if it was drawn by 
Rembrandt Mr Russell would 
estimate its market value at 

The public will have an 
opportunity to judge for itself 
when the drawing goes on 
display at the museum in 

From Christopher Walker, Kiev 

Irina Ratushinskaya, consi- 
dered by many Western enfres 
to be one of The finest bving 

“They did not want me to 
write anything except a piece 
of paper appealing for dem- 

“ * CbS taS ency/whicfTl rrftoi to sign 

for medical begu*. J- 

a Soviet prison 
regime labour tamp- 
In an interview frequently 
interrupted by tarjMfiA 
rasping cough, a legacy of the 
Guiag. she told The Times 
that many of her c^poems- 

mitted them to memory. It 
was hard, but it was the only 
way 1 could go on writing." 

Mrs Ratushinskaya, aged 
32, who has regained most of 
the 44 lb she lost in the camp. 

MIS rows 
not to be 

By Our Political Editor 

Labour’s Front Bench will 
not be making a major effort 
to pursue further allegations, 
made at the weekend, that 
MJ5 plotted to oust the former 
Labour Prime Minister Mr 
Harold Wilson in 1974. 

Yesterday’s Observer 
claimed that the Peter Wright 
memoirs, now the subject of 
protracted court action by the 
British Government in 
Australia, reveal that two 
Conservative Members of 
Parliament, one of them still a 
member of the Commons, 
were involved with the plot 
Mr Dale Campbell-Savours, 
the Labour MP for 
Workington who is leading the 
backbench attack on the 
Government's attempts to 
have Mr Wright’s memoirs 
banned.claimed yesterday 
that the book reveals that MI5 
“burgled and bugged all over 
London" in their efforts to 
discredit the Labour Prime 
Minister and ensure that be 
lost the election. 

Today he will seek to have 
the Conservative MP still in 
the Commons named and call 
for a judicial inquiry into the 
allegations about the plot 
against the then Mr Wilson. 
Continued on page 18, col 8 

her release on the eve of the 
Reykjavik superpower sum- 
mit, she was given permission 
at the weekend to travel to 
Britain with her husband, 
Igor, aged 33. She then plans 
to go to other Western coun- 
tries, before attempting lo 
return to Kiev. 

“We both want to try and 
come back here eventually to 
continue the struggle for hu- 

Exports at 
best level 
for months 

By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 
Export orders for British 
manufactured goods are at 
their best level for nine 
months, the Confederation of 
British Industry said 

The employers' organiza- 
tion says that njore than 20 
per cent of firms regard their 
orders from overseas as being 
above normal and gives as the 
main reason the depreciation 
of the pound since the sum- 

But Sir Terence Beckett, the 
CBI director generaL said 
there was no magic formula 
for an increased British share 
of world markets and urged 
continuing reduction in costs, 
particularly wages. 

Meanwhile, a survey of 
London's key shopping streets 
by Hillier Parker, chartered 
surveyors, reveals that retail- 
ing is flourishing in Central 
London with tourists forming 
the majority of shoppers. 

Hillier Parker says that 
rising real incomes and an 
increase in tourist spending 
has accounted for 
franticactivity in the market 
Dr Russell Schiller, the 
firm’s head of research, said 
that Oxford Street is booming. 
Industry boost, page 19 

mum of seven . . 
our camp plus five more of in- 
ternal exile for the crime of 
“anti-Soviet agitation and 
propaganda," Mrs Ratush- 
inskaya’s case has attracted 
wide attention in the West 
She will be leaving the 
Soviet Union at the invitation 
of The Rev Richard Rogers, a 
British priest, who staged a 
symbolic demonstration on 

of violence 

kills 54 in 


Karachi (Reuter) - At least 
54 people were killed and 310 
injured yesterday in the worst 
outbreak of ethnic violence in 
the recent history of Karachi, 
doctors and witnesses said. 

Witnesses said that crowds 
dragged women and children 
from their homes and beat 
them, tossed teenagers into 
blazing bouses pnd stabbed 
young boys. 

An emergency was declared 
at all hospitals m the city and 
urgent appeals were broadcast 
for Mood donors. 

Doctors at one hospital said 
28 bodies had been brought 
there and there was no room 
for more injured. 

Firemen said 350 shops and 
houses in the Orangi Town 
suburb had been set on fire. 
The Government said 40 peo- 
ple had been killed and 156 

Troops with shoot-on-sight 
orders rushed to enforce cur- 
fews in several areas and quell 

the violence, which erupted 
on the third day of a major 
sweep against ding and anus- 
traffickers in Sohrab Goth, a 
predominantly Pashtun sub- 
uro. Troops and police sealed 
off the area on Friday ana 
have been conducting house- 
to-house searches. The Gov- 
ernment said it had already 
confiscated 230 kilograms of 
heroin, as well as marijuana. 

Residents of Orangi Town 
told reporters by telephone 
that Pash tuns from north-west 
Pakistan had gone on the 
rampage, attacking members 
of the rival Mohajir commu- 
nity and setting fire to more 
than 100 shops and houses. 

At least 58 people were 
lolled in rioting last month 
between Pashtuns and 

Pashtun leaders have 
threatened to paralyse Ka- 
rachi if the drugs-and-arms 
operation is not halted. 

‘Aids to 
cost the 
to £30m’ 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 
The cost to the National 
Health Service of treating 
Aids patients could be as high 
as £30 million in the next two 
years, according to a report 
published today. 

The spread of the disease 
could lengthen NHS waiving 
lists for patients with other 
conditions, the report says. 

The current cost of treating 
an Aids sufferer until death 
has been estimated at about 
£6.800. Thai amount is four 
times the cost of a hip 
replacement operation and 
about the same as the first year 
expense of a kidney trans- 
plant. according to the report 
by the Office of Health 

The current spending on 
Aids treatment is about 
£2 million, but by 1988 that 
figure could rise lo between 
£20 and £30 million, the re- 
port by Mr Nicholas Wells, 
associate director of the OHE, 

The report warns that 
should the Government’s new 
Aids education campaign foii, 
it may “force the introduction 
of compulsory screening, 
isolation and other un- 
desirable procedures." 

The Aids Virus: Forecasting 

Its Impact. (OHE, 12 Whitehall. 
London SW1A 2DY;£1.) 

• The British Medical Associ- 
ation will this week call on the 
Government to screen thou- 
sands of patients going in to 
hospital for routine operations 
to see if they carry the Aids 

Pregnant women, patients 
in casualty after road ac- 
cidents, and people going to 
GP surgeries or hospitals for 
diagnostic tests, would also be 
screened under the BMA plan. 

The screening would be 
carried out without patients' 
consent, but no records would 
be kept that would permit 

The BMA’s initiative fol- 
lows mounting concern 
among doctors over uncertain 
estimates of the number of 
Aids carriers. 

• The North West Thames 
health region is having to treat 
half of all Aids patients in the ■ 
United Kingdom. 

Up to the end of last month 
a total of 599 cases of Aids had 
been reported to the DHSS - 
and 299 cases were in the 
North West Thames Region. 

The latest regional Aids 
breakdown shows that North 
East Thames had 94 reported 
cases, the second highest num- 
ber. Then comes South East 
Thames (43), South West 
Thames (25), North Western 
(23V Northern (19). Scotland 
(13), Wessex (13) and West 
Midlands (12V 

• Legalizing drugs and 
prostitution may help curb the 
spread of Aids, the new 
Bishop of Edinburgh, the Rt 
Rev Richard Holloway, said 

looked frail and in poor 
■"tt* Xteawiiten health. She is suffering from a 
pn ^° ilrJ mafehstick on number of serious medical 
r* ^ShcSuseSe penal problems as the result of her 
£ P ted Sri ber ordeal, including heart and 
"olon of pa%r. chest ailments, winch she has 

Mrs Ratushinskaya: 150 
memorized poems. 

refused to have treated by 
Soviet doctors. 

“I went in as a healthy 
woman, but they soon put a 
slop to that,” she explained. 

After 16 visits to the im- 
migration authorities since 

conuuuc UIC suu . Vr,- ■ • 

man rights, so we are not going her behalf living in a mock cell 
to oive up our Soviet citizen- in the nave of a Birmingham 
a church and eating the Soviet 

camp diet of bread and water. 

While in the camp, where 
she staged 1 5 different hunger 
strikes in protest against vari- 
ous aspects of the inhumane 
treatment she said she spent 
120 days and nights in a 
freezing punishment cell. 

Continaed on page 18. col 7 

ship," she said. 

“1 know many people in 
Britain have fought on my 
behalf and I am looking for- 
ward to thanking them pers- 

Partly because she is a 
Christian, and also because 
she was the first woman ever 
to be sentenced to the maxi- 

This Christmas have a heart for 

in need 

share in 
the tost of raring 

This Christmas, in our 35 residential Homes and 14 
sheltered housing schemes, MHA will be caring for over 1 ,400 
elderly people. Each has found security, freedom from anxiety 
and a new quality of life. 

But many others — in very real need themselves - are 
anxiously waiting ter the chance of a place with us. Vbt every 
extra place costs money. Will you help us to create extra places 
that much sooner? Will you please share in the cost of caring 

for the elderly in need? 

K you can, it wilt mean a 
much happier Christmas 
for some next year. 

r" TDiMHA, DeptT, FREEPOST, London EC1V1NE ^ 


1 enclose my donation ol 

Please send me more information about MHA 



Epwortfi Ham 25 City M., London EC1Y1DR Reg.Chari^Jf85W 


Poll setback for 

Fine Gael leader 

Heart used oi DaDy uorn mm **^*“"1 

. . sartfa-jss sr-** jSstss SSiS&j 

while the hean was removed. ft was the first time he had Paediatricians yesterday 

Sopport for Dr Garret FitzGerald’s Fine Gael party is at 
a record towns the Republic of Ireland prepares for a gen- 
eral election expected early next year. 

The Prime Minister's personal popularity has also 
fallen, while Mr Charles Haoghey enjoys a 12-poiat lead 
as the man most would prefer as leader. 

An opinion poll, published yesterday in the Sanday 
Independent newspaper, makes grim reading for the Fine 
Gael-Labour coalition, which last week became a minority 

The poll pots sopport for Ffanna Fail at 51 per cent. Fine 
Gael at 24 per cent, Progressive Democrats 13 per cent and 
Labour 6 per cent 

Jobs lost Windsor 

at Stoke ban anger 

By J91 Sherman 

Doctors at Harefield Hos- 
pital have denied that a baby 
bom without a brain was kept 
alive artificially as a heart 
transplant donor. 

Mis Tara Sharrick, duty 
officer at the hospital in west 
London, confirmed yesterday 
that a heart transplant had 
been carried out using* an 
anencephalic child -a baby 
without a brain - as a donor. 

She said the baby had died 
nptn rally shortly after birth 
and then was put on to a 
ventilator to keep the hean 

Mrs Sharrick said: “The 
baby lived for a few horns and 
then died namraDy. It was 

then attached to a mechanical 
ventilator in the normal way 
while the hean -was removed. 
The baby was not kept alive.” 

The anti-abortion organiz- 
ation Life has said it wm ask 
the police to question the 

carried out an operation on an 
anencephalic child at Hare- 
field but the hospital said that 
Professor Yacoub aimed to 

.doctors at Harefield about the carry out si mi lar operations, 
case. Mrs Sharrick; emphasized 


Mr John Scarisbrick, the 
organization's chairman, said: 
“if the baby was not officially 
dead then it was ahve and 
removing his heart is mur- 

The transplant operation 
was carried out within the last 
few weeks by Professor Magdi 

Yacoub, the transplant sur- 
geon who has performed four 
heart or heart/lung transplants 

that the parents of both the 
donor child and the recipient 
had agreed to the operation. 

Reports of the operation 
have added to the debate over 
the definition ofbrain death m 
children. Dr Richard Nichol- 
son, from the Institute of 
Medical Ethics, claimed that 
there was no way of idling 
with anencephalic child that 
the baby was brain dead. 

Although a code of ethics 
was drawn op by the Joint 
Medical Royal Colleges in 
1974 this does not cover a 
child with this defect _ 

Dr John Dawson, Secretary 
of the British Medical Associ- 
ation's Ethical Committee, 
said the code covered a senes 
of tests carried out by some* 
one not related to the trans- 

plant team . . 

Dr Dawson said: “This is 

Paediatricians yesterday 
tried to reassure parents that 
the transplant performed by 
Professor Yacoub was 

Dr James Appleyaid, a 

paediatrician at Canterbury , 

Hospital Kent, sad: AU j 
mothers are tested during 
pregnancy to see whether their i 
rhiiH is an anencephalic, m the 

feared by 

appropriate for a 25-year-old child is an anencepbahc, m me 

who suffer irreversible brain same way as testing for ^ma 

W no - — f , I- 4 Vj. 

damagp following a car ac- bifida, and man y then decide 
cident. There is no similanty to terminate the pregnancy. 

between this situation and a 
rhitri with no brain.” 

A report in The Lancet last 
week said that one baby in 

He said that the ethical 
committee would need to 

Bv Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

New lav tribunals for prison 
discipline proposed by tbe 
Government will fail to com- 
mand confidence and could 
cause more prison disruption, 
the Law Society says today. 

In a strong attack on the 
Government's Wljrte Paper 
on the prison disciplinary 
svstem. it say’s proposed lay 
tribunals - which exclude 

every 1,000 to 2,000 is born ^ ^ ^ pot be seen as 

with anencephaly. impartial and independent 

More than 400 jobs are 
to be lost with the closure of 
the Russell Hobbs factory 
at Blythe Bridge, Stoke-on- 
Trent Production is mov- 
ing to Bulon-on-Trent and 

Womboara, near Wolver- 

The Nottingham cycle 
company, TI Raleigh, has 
announced a further 210 
job losses, bringing its total 
workforce down to less 
than 1,500. 

A hundred and seventy 
jobs are to be created at the 
Dane park factory in Thet- 
ford, Norfolk, with the 
closure of the company's 
plant at Selby. 

The Ramblers' Associ- 
ation is campaigning for 
the right to walk one-and- 
s-half miles o i Thames 
towpath in Windsor Great 

The path, blocked by 
railings and wire, is part of 
the Thames Way which the 
Countryside Commission 
plans to designate as a long 
distance footpath between 
London and the CotswoMs. 

Rambler* the associat- 
ion's magazine published 
today, says Crown Comm- 
issioners refused access “in 
the interests of security and 
privacy for the Royal 

may protect 
trade union 

By Ronald Fame, Employment Affairs Correspondent 

Nurse’s ear bitten off 

An ombudsman to protect 
the interests of trade union 
members is among measures 
the Government h as looked at 

this week will urge the 
Government to consolidate 
the gains already made and to 
press ahead with more re- 

Senior officials at a top seenriy hospital have lamtched 
an inquiry after an incident involving four patients in which 
a nurse's ear was bitten off and seven other members of 
staff were injured. 

The incident occnred on Saturday at Broadmoor 
Hospital Crowthorne, Berkshire. The disturbance began 
in the hospital's punishment block, and extra staff had to 
be called in to deal with the violence. Eight male nurses had 
to be taken to Heatfaerwood Hospital at Ascot. One had 
part of his ear bitten off by one of the patients. 

to curb unions which abuse forms of the trade union 


pay no 

Mr Arthur Scargill 
(right), president of the 
National Union of Mine- 
workers, has derided to 
reject a 5 per cent pay rise 
voted to him and other fall 
time officials last week. 

The union said yesterday 
that neither Mr Scargill 
nor Mr Peter Heathfidd. 
general secretary, would 
accept the money until 
union finances were in a 
sound position and “sacked 
miners are adequately sup- 

Mr Scargill earns an 
estimated £30,000 a year. 

their powers. 

The recent dispute over the 
Civil and Public Services 
I Association ballot has been 
j the final straw that caused 
, ministers to treat the matter 
with urgency. 

Lord Young of Grafftiam, 
Secretary of State for Employ- 
ment, has hinted that tougher 
i curbs on unions are on the 

Among the enforcement 
measures to protect trade 
union members who hesitate 
to mke action against their 
cfwn union when they fee] 
their rights have been in- 
fringed. Lord Young is consid- 
ering the appointment of an 
ombudsman to ensure that 
rights are properly acknowl- 

movement before the next 

A discussion paper which is 
being sent to Lord Young calls 
on him to legislate on trade 
union secret ballots and the 
other “key areas” of the closed 
shop and procedure agree- 

The institute insists that 
experience has shown work- 
place balloting to be open to 
manipulation and abuse. The 
law should be amended, they 
say, to ensure that when 
ballots are required by legisla- 
tion they are always held by 
post and in secret 

The institute points out that 
in spite of restrictions in the 
Employment Act 1982, which 
established the principle that 

pay vote 
by events 

By John Clare 
Education Correspondent 

The two biggest teaching 
unions w01 announce this 
week the results of ballots on 
the pay and conditions pack- 
age proposed by the local 
authority employers in Eng- 
land and Wales. 

However, it became clear 

“The tragedy is that if the 
new prison discipline tribunal 
does not command the con- 
fidence of prisoners, this 
country will continue to see 
disturbances and disruptions 
in prisons”, the society says. 

The Government has re- 
jected the Prior committee 
which, in its October 1985 
report on the disciplinary 
system, urged lay panels with 
legally qualified chairmen. _ 
Prior said lawyers’ particip- 
ation was essential if the 
panels were to be fair; and 
“professionally and proced- 
ural^ competent”. 

The society adds “Prior 
identified a legal input as the 
key to command the con- 
fidence not only of prisoners 

yesterday that by the end of but also of foe public and, ft 
the week both ballots will have might be added, of the legal 

i --f “ j 

zZr- *■ 

■ *> * j 

- t‘- ■Cf- ; •?T 


The list of proposed new 
measures, to be published 
after Christmas, will also in- 
clude protection against union 
/tiq-ijpiine for employees who 
continue to work during a 
strike, or after a strike, has 
been called. 

dosed shops must be ap- 
proved bv secret ballots, the 

proved by secret ballots, the 
dosed shop still exists and 
that it is still possible, in 
theory, for an employee to be 
dismissed for non-member- 
ship of a trade union. 

Brinks Mat charges *2z 

Tt •**_ _ * i7i • _ ai j a funds h 

The wife of John Fleming, the man Scotland Yard wonts 
to question about the £26 milli on Brinks Mat bullion raid, 
was remanded on Saturday on £30,000 bail imtfl February 
10, charged with handling £100,000 of tbe stolen money. 

Mrs Lesley Fleming, aged 33* a designer, of WheafaiZI 
Road, Anerley, south London, appeared at Horsefeny 
Road Magistrates' Court. She is also charged with 
dishonestly handling £539 in and a chequebook and card. 

Brian Perry, a businessman aged 48,of Biggin HDL Kent, 
was remanded in custody until December 19 accused of 
handling £6 million from Brinks Mat 

There win be proposals for 

S r control over union 
by themembership. The 
Government believes that 
members of a union should 
have access to information 
about the funds and to the 
professional advice that will 
allow the right questions to be 

Sir John Hoskyns, the 
institute's director general 
said: “The principle of trade 
union democracy requires 
that unions are voluntary 
associations; closed shops 
turn this principle on its head 
and make them compulsory. * 

“The law should be changed 
so that dismissal for non- 
membership of a trade union 
is in future 'unfair* and subject 

More derelict sites are 

targeted for building 

By Robin Oakley, Political Editor 

The Government is anxious is m future 'u nfair and s 
to see the introduction of to heavy compensation.' 

cerned that important 

decisions and appointments men *. ! Q l eg islate _ to _ make 
are being made by what is remaining trade union unmu- 
believedto be a chaotic sys- 
tem, and that some trade 

unions still refuse to change 5S m 12L. d 55? lc 5 J* 000 ’ 

4 US&X'r&J&r' ; 

'-V. ' 

The actors Hywel Bennett and Paula Wilcox attending a me- 
morial service yesterday at St Pancras Church, central 
London, for Mr Michael Croft, National Youth Theatre 
director, who died on November 15 (Photograph: Alan 
Weller) ' Memorial service, page 16 

been overtaken by events and 
may have to be held again. 

On Tuesday the National 
Union of Teachers is expected 
to announce that a majority of 
its members have voted to 
accept the proposal, put to- 
gether four weeks ago at the 
conciliation service, Acas. 

On Thursday the National 
Association of Schoolmas- 
ters/Union of Women Tea- 
chers is hoping to announce 
that a majority of its members 
have followed an executive 
recommendation and voted 1 
against i 

Baton Friday, when the two j 
skies meet again, the employ- ; 
ers will tell the six teaching 
unions that part of tbe pay 
agreem ent will have to be 
postponed to keep it within 
the Government’s cadi limi t, 
«nH «in* the proposed man- 
agement structure of the pro- 
fession will have to be altered 
to try to meet the Govern- 
ment's requirements. 

Most union leaders are 
likely to accept the changes in 
the hope of preventing the 
Government from imposing 
its own solution. 

Tbe Teachers and their 
employers are hoping to 
emb ar rass the Government by 
ratifying the agreement at a 
full meeting of the. Burnham 
Committee on January 7. 

If the Government does not 
like the package it will be 
powerless to do anything 
about it until tbe House of 
Lords has passed the 
Teachers' Pay and Conditions 
BiH which was pushed 
through the Commons last 
week. Tbe Bill contains a 
retrospective power to enable 
the Government to substitute 
its own proposals. 


In its White Paper, the 
Government says tribunals 
with legally qualified chair- 
man would' be too mighty. 

It also objects that the pool 
of lawyers from which other 
judicial appointments are 
made would be depleted. But 
the society says disciplinary 
tribunals, held in a closed 
system, cannot be equated 
with magistrates courts. 

Second, prisoners are less 
likely than other defendants to 
have legal advice or represent- 

Third, magistrates courts 
are served by legally qualified 
clerics. The government White 
Paper makes plain there will 
be such clerics where “nec- 
essary or desirable”, but the 
Prior committee doubted 
whether a cleric service could 
be provided effectively. 

On the Government’s claim 
that there would not be 
enough lawyers, the society 
says many would be willing to 
undertake the task. 

On speed and cost, the 
society estimates legal chair- 
men may cost only £500,000 
more compared with total 
annual prison service spend- 
ing of £700 milli on. 

The society also disagrees 
with the Government's view 
that there is no need for a right 
of appeal, saying it is vital 

£5 Attack by 
225 police on 
tot award bar 

News International dispute 

The Government is this 
week to continue its drive to 
force local authorities and 
nationalized industries to re- 
lease more derelict land for 

It is directing councils in 
northern inner city areas to 
dispose of a further 130 acres. 

More than 20 sites will be 
affected in areas including 
Gateshead Middlesbrough, 
Sunderland, Hull and Black- 

Mr John Patten, the Min- 
ister for Housing, has already 
reduced the vacant land reg- 
ister from 150,000 acres to 
1 10.000 with a series of such 
orders over the past year. 

Ministers believe they are now 
down to the hard-core prob- 
lem sites. 

Mr Patten has made 10 
orders forcing sales of derelict 
land in the past year. He and. 
Mr Nicholas Ridley, Secretary 
of State for the Environment, 
are taking still wider powers in 
tbe current Local Govern- 
ment Bill, to close legal loop- 
holes used by some councils to 
delay up to 18 months in 
disposing of land after being 
ordered to do so. 

The Government is using 
the programme of forced land 
disposals to stimulate low-cost 
housebuilding and light 
commercial development. 

to* Wto to d«s not 

their executive committee. 

The measures meet with operate, the insistute suggests 
broad agreement from tbe that a “model procedure” 
Institute of Directors, which should be applied. 

Workers flee intimidation 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 

Police are angry about a 
decision by Mir Douglas Hurd, 
Home Secretary, to bar them 
from compensation from the 

Criminal Injuries Compensa- 
tion Board for accidental iniu- 

Seven held as 
police find 
1,2001b bomb 

Woman pilot 
seriously ill 
after crash 

Seven people were being 
questioned yesterday after 

The pilot of a light a ircraft 
who survived a crash in north- 

police discovered a 1,200 lb I east London was seriously 31 

bomb on a van in a Northern 
Ireland border area. 

The bomb was intercepted 
as it was being driven between 

in The London Hospital 

Mrs Elaine Fraser, aged 43, 
of Becketts, Hertford, 

Keep it safe from winter 
while you’re not around 

Omeath and Newry in Co Hertfordshire was described 
Down, whore tbe Royal Ulster as stable but very ilL 

Constabulary suspects it was 
to be planted as part of a { 
terrorist Christmas blitz. 

Her passenger in the Toma- 
hawk Piper, Mrs Barbara 
Sharp, a stockbroker in the 

The device, one of the City, aged 34, of Sherrads 
largest yet discovered in the Park Road, Welwyn Garden 

5 i “* rC"**2 1%*? - .Vi 

province, was mad* safe by City, died when the plane 
army bomb disposal experts plunged into a factory wall in 

By Tim Janes 

A former member of the 
print union Sogat '82 has sold 
his house and moved his 
family to a secret south coast 
address because of threats and 
intimidation from his former 

A workmate, Mr Tony 
McArdle, is confined to his 
home suffering from nervous 
anxiety brought about because 
be disagreed with the im- 
position of a “voluntary” 
levy ' in support of former 
employees of News Inter- 
national who went on strike 
and were dismissed. 

The men, who worked at 
the Battersea, south London, 
depot of John Menzies, the 
newspaper distributors . and 
newsagents, claim that the 

dashboard. A death threat 
came in the form of a letter 
carefully made up of type cut 
from newspapers so as to 
make the sender’s identify 
almost impossible to trace. 

His family has been sub- 
jected to a series of abusive 
and obscene telephone calls, 
most of them received by his 
wife while be was out 

Mrs McArdle, who declined 
to give her first name, said 
yesterday: “The strains have 
been enormous and my body 
is covered in a rash because of 
the anxiety. But in spite of the 
trauma I believe that- what my 
husband is doing is right.” 

When Mr McArdle at- 
tempted to work normally at 
the Battersea depot, he was 
sent to Coventry. Former 

his branch committee, but 
after lengthy legal proceedings 
ft was agreed that the levy was 
unlawful as were the fines. 

Mr McArdle resigned from 
Sogat last month because of 
tbe intimidation. When he 
reported to work at the Batter- 
sea depot three union officials 
toJd management that Sogat 
members would not work with 
non-union labour. 

tion Board for accidental inju- 
ries received while fighting 

The decision is criticized in 
Police* the monthly magazine 
of the Police Federation, 
which accuses him of failing to 
consult the service. 

Tbe magazine says: “The 
polio; officer who chases a 
criminal across a high roof in 
pitch darkness, and falls 

The company has a dosed 
shop agreement with the 
union, 5 though it was not 

through a skylight sustaining 
fatal or serious injuries, wifi 
no longer have his case 

“The crew of the police car 

eslablishedasa result ofa vote, killed or seriously hint, speed- 
Mr McArdle is at home on rag to a 999 call knowing that 

who worked throughout Sax- 1 Walthamstow on Saturday. 

urday night to defuse it 
The seven people being held 
at Gough Barracks in Armagh 

The two women, both li- 
cenced pilots, had flown to- 
gether several times before. 

campaign againa walkfid ^ ^ 

started by a senior member of «« t k»j r 4 -j.i. 

the union. ^ ' 

City were detained at vehicle They took off from 
checkpoints after tbe bomb Panshanger Airfield in 

Tbe men said they bad 
agreed to pay the levy only if it 
was official union policy 
voted for by the members. 

was discovered during a rou- 
tine RUC check of vehicles in 
border areas. 


The Department of Trans- 
port is investigating the crash. 

Mr McArdle has since had 
his car tyres slashed and the 
tacometer ripped out of the 

at their table. 

Mr McArdle was also sin- 
gled out during the miners’ 
strike when be refused to pay a 
levy, imposed by his Sogat 
branch committee, because 
the dispute had not been made 
official through a ballot. 

He was twice fined £100 fry 

basic pay, which is about £80 a 
week less than what he would 
normally earn. His workmate 
is taking a case of constructive 
dismissal to an industrial 
tribunal next month- 
A spokesman for the com- 
pany said that it was aware of 
Mr McAidle’s position and 
was considering ways of 
resolving the situation. 

• Seven people were arrested 
for public older offences in a 
demonstration outside the 
News International plant on 
Saturday night. 

Regional air services 

G oing away for a couple of days this Christmas 
or New Year? Make sure your home is safe from 

VJT or New Year? Make sure your home is safe from 
sudden worsening of winter weather while you’re 
away. These simple precautions can help prevent a 
disastrous stgrt to 1987. 

13 airports opt for first step to privatization 

1 Leave the central heating system in operation 
while you’re away and keep the temperature control 
at tiie normal level. Alternatively t urn off the water 
ar your main water stop tap and drain the hot and 
cold water system. 

2 Make sure your water pipes and tanks are well 

3 Check that roof tiles, gutters, chimneys and TV 
aerials are secure. 

By Harvqy Elliott businessmen will pour private 
Air Correspondent money into the airports and 

■niirieen airports owned by to build regional air 

wa! authorities are to be “The advantages of operat- 

local authorities are to be 

. < » ■ uv ou’puuim vit uuviai- 

registered as companies in ^ oujr major airports as folly 
what the Government sees as o3. ow | 

wnaime uovemmeniseesas companies will soon 

foe | first step towards towards frecSTe apparent,” he told a 
fititecale privatization. meeting of local authority 

. Tl* e authorities^ were and officials. 


. «i wuur.uiuia iumi uuivuua. 

given uotfl last Fnday to reU *^ The Government have al- 
foe Department of Transport this process as being 

how they mtendrf to isolate ^ ^ step ^ ^ ^ 
their airports from local wrds partial foil-scale 
£ <: >' re ™? ieil 1 t finaperag andde- privatization whereby em- 
tafl their plans for foe setting ^ joyeeSf local residents and 
up of separate companies to jj. e ^der public have a finaa- 

4 Ask someone to visit your home while ynuYe away 
to check that everything is OK. 

Damage by winter weather can run into thousands 
of pounds So check now that your household 
insurance has the cover you need 
Issued by Sun Alliance in the interest of all householders. 


. xo the wider public have a finan- 

nra them. ciai stake in their airport 

All but a handful re- company, 
sponded, in spite of fierce “For some airport owners, 
opposition from all sides to the opportunity for full-scale 
the plan. privatization will be too good 


Mr Michael Spicer, Min- to resist” 
ister for Aviation, is con- The Joint Airport Commit- 


vinced that financiers and tee of Local Authorities has 

resisted tbe plans since they 
were first published in the 
Airports Act, whit* paved the 
way for the privatization of 
the British Airports Authority. 

“All the local authorities 
who run airports, whether 
they be Conservative, Labour 
of Ailiance^ontrofled, agreed 
that any local authority which 
wanted to should be able to 
obtain private finance, but 
those who did not should be 
able to remain as they were. 
Some authorities are still argu- 
ing their case and hope to be 
made exempt from the order,” 
Mr Robert Bird, executive 
secretary of the committee, 

“We do not believe that 
there is the private finance 
available locally to support 
the airports which are essen- 
tial if regional people are to be 

able to fly out on holiday or on 
business without having to go 
through Gatwick or Heath- 

“For years now the airports 
have been pushing as hard as 
they can for private capital in 
the form of franchises on 
shops and other airport ser- 
vices. But there is no further 
potential for this to develop 
because there is no policy to 
enable regeneration north of 

The 13 airports covered by 
foe Act are those with a 
revenue of more than £1 mfl- 
liou a year. They are Bir- 

make a regular surplus which 
is then either used to invest in 
new facilities or swallowed up 
in the town hall “kitty”. But a 
handful such as Liverpool 
make losses which have to be 
supported by the rates. 

The Government wants all 
local authority airport debts to 
be isolated and each of the 
new companies set up under | 
its own right with a clean 
sheet. Should foe town halls 
then want to support a loss- 
making airport through foe 
rates it would have to mafa* 
such a payment dearly visible. 

Should they succeed in 

an armed crime is in process, 
will not be compensated.” 

The origins of growing pol- 
ice frustration lie with an 
alteration to the criminal inju- 
ries compensation scheme in 
1979. The change was made to 
exdude compensation for ac- 
cidental injuries, except in 
cases where a claimant was 
considered to have been tak- 
ing an exceptional risk. 

An inter-departmental wor- 
king party of senior Civil 
Servants was set up in 1984 to 
review foe scheme and re- 
ported on November 6. The 
Police Federation, ■ Associ- 
ation of Chief Police Officers 
and the Prison Officers' 
Association all said that the 
limitation imposed in 1979 
was unfair and should be 

The Home Office told The 
Times that Mr Douglas Hurd, 
Home Secretary, was meeting 
the Police Federation on 

Ruddock wins 

Mrs Joan Ruddock, foe 
former CND chairman yes- 
! er ° a y won selection as 
Labour’s prospective parlia- 
mentary candidate for the safe 
seat of Deptford, in south-east 
fagwon, now held by Mr John 

mingham, Blackpool Bourne- ’ attracting at least 51 per cent 
mouth, Bristol Cardiff East cash investment in the com- 

Midlands, Leeds/Bradford, 
Liverpool Luton* Newcastle, 
Norwich, Southend and 

Taken t o geth er foe airports 

puny from private sources, 
however, the airport would 
automatically be withdrawn 
from foe controls of the public 
sector borrowing requirement 

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Hindley expected 
at moor search 
in next few days 

Myra Hindley will almost 
“rtamly visit Saddleworth 
Moor within the next few days 
to pinpoint the graves of Keith 
Bennett, aged 12, and Pauline 
Reade. aged 16. 

But both the Horae Office 
and the Greater Manchester’s 
CIO head, Det Chief Superin- 
tendent Peter Topping, who 
visited Hindley for the fifth 
time last Friday, still insisted 
yesterday that no derision has 
been reached about her return 
to the moorland east of 

Other government sources 
and high-ranking policemen 
are equally adamant that 
plans for the sensitive, high- 
leyel security transfer of 
Hindley _ from Cookham 
Wood prison in Rochester, 
Kent, to the moor- have been 
agreed secretly. 

They say 300 officers, some 
armed, will seal off Saddle- 
worth Moor and that Hindley 
will be taken to the scene 
either by helicopter or in an 
. unmarked police convoy. 

If the visit goes ahead, the 
investigation, described by Mr 

By Ian Smith 

John Stalker, Deputy Chief 
Constable of Greater Man- 
chester, as part of inter- 
national murder folklore, 
should end within days. 

From the start of the re- 
newed search, the eight body 
detection dogs from three 
police forces were set to work 
within four precise areas, each 
100ft by 1 50ft and roped offby 
white ribbon and red marker 

Later the dogs were roaming 
further afield, working for 
between two and three hours 
and then feeding and resting 
in the police vans which daily 
brought them from Lan- 
cashire police headquarters at 
Hutton, Manchester, and 
West Yorkshire. 

Until Hindley appears, pol- 
ice dogs win continue to 
forage almost randomly in a 
search area which extends for 
about two mSes along either 
side of the A635, and pene- 
trates about 50 feet into the 

The police theory is that Ian 
Brady would have dragged the 
bodies from the boot of the car 

driven by HindJey r then bur- 
ied them in shallow graves as 
dose to the roadside as pos- 
sible to allow for a rapid 

The theory is supported by 
the discovery in 1965 of the 
bodies of Lesley Anne Dow- 
ney and John Kilbride within 
a stone's throw of tbe isolated 
road from Saddleworth to 
Hohnfirth in West Yorkshire. 

The five German shep- 
herds, two bonier collies and 
one Mack labrador have re- 
turned to those two places 
again pnd ?g ain 1 pawing at the 

Each lime h happens groups 
of police officers, 15 seconded 
from the tactical aid group and 
the other half from the serious 
crime squad, (tig into the peat 
soil So for they have un- 
earthed only sheep remains. 

One of the collies, Jan, once 
uncovered a body hidden for 
six years, a feat so for un- 
surpassed. Whether any of 
them detects the remains of 
youngsters who died 22 years 
ago remains to be seen. 

Orchestra rejects 
takeover by rival 

By Gavin Bell, Arts Correspondent 

The Philharmonia Orches- 
tra has firmly rejected a 
takeover bid by a rival 
London orchestra, and called 
for urgent talks on the issue 
with the Arts Council. 

The discord was sparked by 
a proposal at the weekend 
from Mr John W fllan , manag- 
ing director of the London 
Philharmonic Orchestra 
(IPO), that the two ensembles 
be amalgamated under a hold- 
ing company controlled by the 

In a letter to Mr Christopher 
Bishop, managing director of 
the Philharmonia, he said: “If 
we were industrial firms, this 
would be called a takeover.” 

Mr Bishop said in a state- 
ment: “There is no question 
whatsoever of the Philhar- 
monia Orchestra being taken 
over by the LPO.” 

He said that the two or- 
chestras bad been discussing a 
joint plan for working to- 
gether, as equal partners, at 
the Royal Festival Hall for the 
past three years. Her believed 
that this project would go a 
long way to making a decisive 
change for good on the 
London orchestral scene. 

He intended, therefore, to 
discuss Mr Willan’s “pre- 
cipitate” action with the Arts 

Council at the earliest possible 

Associates said that Mr 
Bishop had been taken by 
surprise by the takeover bid 
Mr Willan bad not mentioned 
it when the two directors met 
to discuss the co-operation 
project earlier last went, they 

The Arts Council has been 
pressing for several years for 
the four main orchestras in 
London to be reduced to 
three: In 1984, it announced 
that in order to increase 
funding .for regional . or- 
chestras. in future it would 
support only three orchestras 
in the capital. 

■ The Arts Council said yes- 
terday that it was aware of the 
latest developments, and 
looked forward to discussing 
them with the two orchestras. 

In his proposal Mr Willan 
argued that leading conduc- 
tors and soloists were aban- 
doning London because the 
orchestras could not provide 
adequate fees or rehearsals. . 

Andris Previn recently an- 
nounced his intention to re- 
sign as music director of the 
Royal Philharmonic, and 
Claudio Abbado is not ex- 
pected to remain with the 
London Symphony when his 
contract expires. 

Jane’s guide opens it 
pages to ‘real flying’ 

By Harvey Elliott, Air Correspondent 

A new section on sports 
rcraft has been included in 
ie latest edition of Jane’s All 
he World's Aircraft. 

The section, which runs to 
ore than 200 of the edition’s 
?0 pages, includes hundreds 
: micro-light and racing air- 
aft. as well as rotor-wing 

Mr John Taylor, the editor, 
ho describes sports aircraft 
i '‘real flying”, also defines 
e difference between flying 
id air travel. “Flying is sheer 
ijoyment Travel is getting 
ora A to B”, be says- _ 
In spite of the big increase in 
lotting aircraft, the edition 
ues a corresponding decline 
the number of two- and 

four-seal aircraft, especially in 
the United States. 

It says that Cessna has cut 
its range of models from-60 to 
seven, while other companies, 
such as Beech, have ceased 
production of smaller aircraft. 

According to Jane’s, the 
decline has largely been 
caused by a big rise in product 
liability claim s in the US 

Mr Taylor estimates that 
the additional cost of insuring 
against legal action had added 
$92,000 to the price of a 
Cessna and $80,000 to a 
Beech era fL 

Jane's All The World’s Aircraft 
1986-87. Edited by John W R 
Taylor (jane’s Publishing Com- 
pany Ltd; £73). 

Pubs’ soft 
‘too dear’ 

By Robin Young . 

Public houses are chanting 
too much for soft drinks, food 
and accommodation, accord- 
ing to the new edition of The 
Good Pub Guide, published 

The editor, Mr Alisdair 
Aird, says that pub prices for 
food and drink have gone on 
rising at 10 per cent or more a 
year, and that the typical 
ploughman's lunch has dou- 
bled in price, from £1 to £2 or 
more, in the past four years. 

Over the same period, he 
claims, some inns have nearly 
doubled their bedroom prices, 
esperiaDy where pubs are used 

by business customers. 

Publicans are profiteering, 
he alleges, when they raise the 
prices of soft drinks along with 
the price of alcoholic drinks 
after a tax increase. 

Mr Aird says readers also 
complain that soft drinks are 
invariably served tepid, and 
that fizzy drinks from ma- 
chines do not stand compari- 
son with bottled Or rannwi 

Other complaints in the 
book are directed at the 
replacement of simple pub 
food, such as sandwiches, with 
dishes carrying larger profit 
margins, such as chilli con 
came and lasagne; the poor 
standard of wine served in 
pubs; and smoky ban. 

The 1987 book gives top 
three-star awards to three 
pubs: the Yew Tree at 
Cauldon, Staffordshire; the 
White Horae, near Fetersfiekf,' 
Hampshire; and the Fleece, in 
Bretforton, Hereford and 

The award for best bar meal 
of the year goes to the While 
Horse at Leislon, Suffolk, 
although the biggest helpings 
ever seen were supplied by the 
Four Points, at Aldworth, 

The nomination for liveliest 
new pub of the year goes to the 
Oxford Brewhouse, which 
brews its own beer, bakes its 
own bread, and has “excellent 

e Good Pub Guide 1987 
(Consumers' Association -and 
Hooder & Stoughton; 
bookshops or the Subscription 
Department. Consumers’ As- 
sociation, PO Box 44, Hertford, 
SG14 ISH; £8.95). 

Personal tax reform 

Impasse on wives’ equality 

-ament's attempt 
ieres equal treat- 
r tax affairs win 
lr Nigel Lawson, 

f the Exchequer, 
to take os foe 
y women, 
anse Mr Lawson 
an impasse after 
on his green 
Forming personal 
h increasing ac- 
mg women on 
schemes should 

presort law. If 

.. , 

bo is penalized 
rime Minister, 
gaily does not 

has been the 
Jess domestic 
in the Thatcher 
i in many oth- 
tbere is little 
bout the need 
Jc laws, dating 
under which a 
•d as a chattel, 
sion must be 
anges are to be 
re the comput- 
tax records, 
jXk which will 
much more 

i in favour of a 

fx allowance 
ite Paper set- 

jk was schefl- 
vmr. with 

BySbefla Gunn, Political Staff 

the - commitment to reform 
written Into the next general 
election manifesto. But there 
is strong opposition from those, 
who see the scheme as a back- 
door way of saying Hat a 
married woman's place is in 
the home. 

Miss Emma Nicholson, a 
vice-chairman of the Conser- 
vative Party, is meeting Mr 
Lawson today to urge him to 
bring in reforms as soon as 
possible. She has the harking 
of tiie Conservative women’s 
organization, which is cam- 
paigning for equal tax treat- 
ment for women , to be made a 

In answers to questionnaires 
sent out by Miss Nicholson to 
nearly 60,000 people and 
groups this year, 70 per cent 
were in favour of Mr Lawson’s 

Critics daim that as weB as 
being anti-women, the present 
law is anti-marriage since 
350,000 married couples find 
themselves paying more tax 
than two single people firing 
together. This is because a 
married couple can obtain only 
one-and-a-half tax allowances 
If the wife is not working, 
.while a married woman’s in- 
come from savings and invest- 
ments is taxed as part of her 
husband's income. 

The law also gives wires no 
privacy in handling their fi- 
nances. If the wife is working, 
married couples benefit be- 

cause they can daim two-and- 
a-faalf lax allowances. 

Under Mr Lawson's 
scheme, a husband and wife 
would each be given tax allow- 
ances. If one partner is not 
working (for instance, if the 
wife is caring for children or 
elderly relatives) her allow- 
ance would he transferred to 
the husband. This means the 
couple could continue to enjoy 
two allowances. If the wife 
returned to work, she could 
daim her own allowance 

The other favoured scheme 
is for mandatory separate 
taxation, where tax allowances 
would be given irrespective of 
sex or marital status. This 
could be backed up by in- 
creased child benefits. 

This second scheme is sup- 
ported by many working 
women and by bodies as the 
Child 'Poverty Action Group. 

A group of women from a big 
British company has com- 
plained tint the Chancellor's 
scheme might encourage hus- 
bands, to try to force their 
wives to stay at home so that 
they can continue to daim two 
tax allowances. 

It is accepted ■ that any 
scheme will have its gainers 
and losers. The danger is that 
without a consensus, and with 
an issue which is not consid- 
ered a big vote winner, no 
reform will be Introduced. 

Cits option, page 19 

Primrose Hie Friesian 

cow, whose sift for restor- 
ing hair with a lick from 
her tongue, has saved her 
from the slaughterhouse, 
gratefully acknowledges 
her owner, Mr John 

Two years ago Mr 
Coombs, of Compton 
Chamberlayne, near Sal- 
isbury, received a bene- 
ficial lick on his balding 
pate and pot the effect 
down to lactic arid. 

The world of coiffure 
and hair restoration was 


Mr Coombs now has to 
sell his dairy herd to the 
slaughterhouse because 
i milk quotas have made 
I his business uneconomic. 

Bat Primrose is safe — 
‘she’s family”, he said. 

Britain’s eating habits 
show rapid changes 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

industry will be intensified by 
the disclosure, by the Ministry 
of Agriculture, Fisheries and 
Food, that whole milk 
consumption was also down 
by 1 1 per cent 
Consumption of eggs drop- 
ped by II per cent to an 
average of fewer than three a 
week per person. 

Fresh fish rales rose by 9 per 
cent and fresh, frozen and 
canned vegetables were up by 

Tea and coffee figures re- 
mained unchanged but people 
used slightly more sugar and 

Potato consumption was 
down by 9 per cent . 

The national diet is under- 
going some strikingly rapid 
changes, a government survey 
of British eating habits has 

In the period July to 
September the survey found 
that people were turning away 
from butter, eggs, white bread 
and potatoes and buying more 
fresh fish, vegetables and fruit, 
particularly apples and ba- 
nanas. Sales of fruit juices 
have risen by more than 50 

Butler consumption fell by 
17 per cent, compared with 
the same period last year, the 
survey reported. 

The gloom within the dairy 

BBC may 
TV series 

By Jonathan Miller 
Our Media Correspondent 

The BBC has told Home 
Office ministers that it wants 
to broadcast a 10-pan tele- 
vision series made with the 
financial sponsorship of IBM 
Corporation, the world’s larg- 
est computer manufacturer. 

Ministers arc said to he 
sympathetically considering 
the BBCs request fora chang e 
in its licence, which prohibits 
the transmission of sponsored 

IBM would make a “six- 
figure” contribution to the 
£3.5 million series called 
Time Flys, according to Mr 
Aubrey Singer, a former senior 
BBC executive, wfao^is the 
executive producer of the 
programme and head of an 
independent production com- 
y established to make the 

Mr Singer described the 
series as an aerial recon- 
naissance of Western Euro- 
pean history, in which film 
maker s will make extensive 
use of aerial photography to 
trace the themes of the past 10 
centuries. He said that several 
national broadcasters in 
Europe were supporting the 

I eading historians from 
Europe and the United States 
have been retained to write 
and present the programmes, 
he added. The governors of 
the BBC recently approved a 
plan to open the corporation's 
airwaves to programmes 
made by independent produc- 
ers with the financial support 
of commercial organizations. 

In return for the support, 
companies will be given an 
on-screen acknowledgement 
of their sponsorship. 

BBC officials said that pro-' 
gramme sponsorship will be 
different from the already 
accepted practice of broad- 
casting sporting and cultural 
events paid for by companies. 

GP plans 

A famil y doctor from North- 
amptonshire plans to take his 
wife and sou trekking to the 
Himalayas with his £4,000 
prize as Saturday’s daily Port- 
folio Gold winner. 

Dr John Bent, aged 44, a 
GP from Earls Barton, said 
that he was amazed and 
delighted to discover -he had 
woo. “On the Saturday before 
Christmas it was a very nice 

He has been playing Port- 
folio Gold since the game 
started, and has been a reader 
of The Times for two years. 

Dr Bent said that he would 
use some of bis winnings to 
join a three-week trip to 
Ladakh, Northern India, next 
summer, organized by Wd- 
lingborongh School, where his 
son, aged 17, is a pnpiL 

He would also help his 
daughter who was just about to 
begin a nursing career. 

“I have always been a long 
way off the winning total 
before,” Dr Bent said. 

There were no claimants for 
the weekly Portfolio Gold 
prize of £16,000. 

Portfolio Gold cards can be 
obtained by sending a stam- 
ped, addressed, envelope to 
Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, PO Box 40, 

BB1 6AJ. 

Dr John Bent, who has been 
a player from the start. 


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Naturally you can add money to your 
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/No stamp required ) Tick box required- 










They said the best place for 
us was behind bars. 

There we were, quietly going about 
our business in sunny Rickmansworth, 
when the phone rang: 

“^our next big job will have you all 
behind bars,” said a mysterious voice. 

“Bars?” we gulped. 

“Bar codes” came the reply. 

We pressed for more information. 

It transpired that our associates in 
Japan had developed a sophisticated elec- 
tronic point-of-sale system that used a 
'holographic laser scanner ’to make sense 
of all those black and white lines you see 
on most of the products in shops. 

^Vith a flick of the wrist, this system 
would give an itemised print-out to the 
customer, display the products name and 
price at the checkout and then relay the 
information to the head office and the 
stock room, so that management were 
aware of sales figures and shelves were 
ke nr full. 

We were told that our mission (should 
we wish to accept it) was to make the 
system more simple, more portable, more 
flexible and truly international. Which is 
a bit like asking someone to nail a jelly to 
the ceiling. 

As we enjoy a challenge, our experi- 
enced software engineers soon found 
themselves designing the tools to enable 
the integration of application software 
(that of others, as well as our own) and 
the use of spreadsheets and databases, 
thereby making it possible for users to 
set up an interface with their existing 

While doing all this, they somehow 
found time to write a quarter of a million 
lines of program in ‘C language. 

By July, we felt confident enough to 
run the results of our labours before the 
discerning eye of a senior executive from 
Japan. She admitted to being pleasantly 
surprised. (\^fe admit to being secretly 
, chuffed.) 

You may be wondering why a multi- 
national company should choose a UK 
operation for this task. 

The answer does not lie in industrial 
nepotism or philanthropic ideals. 

Its because the UK leads the world 
in innovative software skills. 

If we hadn't been up to the task, the 
job would have gone elsewhere. 

But retail automation isn’t our only 
area of development expertise in the UK. 

We are involved in building new 
systems and products in computer soft- 
ware, satellite communications, mobile 
radio, customised semi-conductors and 
factory automation. All as innovative as 
our work behind bars. 

Which just goes to show: there’s quite 
a bit more happening in Rickmansworth 
than meets the eye, 



Doing rather well in Rickmansworth. 



Shake-up needed to 

care of the elderly’ 

Elderly and disabled people 
will be left in the community 
without any care and support 
unless there is an organiza- 
tional shake-up of the 
Government’s community 
care .policy, the Audit Com- 
mission has said 

In a damning report out this 
week, the commission accuses 
the Government of wasting 
the £6 billion spent on 
community care by funding 
^appropriate and expensive 
care for those least in need, 
while penalizing local authori- 
ties for building up domicili- 
ary services. 

“Too many people are cared 

for in settings costing over 
£200 a week when they would 
receive more appropriate care 
m the community at a total 
cost of £100 to £130 a week. 
Conversely, people in the 
community may not be get- 
ting the support they need” 

Supplementary benefit pay- 
ments for private residential 
care have doubled in recent 
years to the present £500 
million, while day-care ser- 
vices had struggled to keep up 
with demographic growth, the 
report says. 

In spite of policies from suc- 
cessive governments to close 
long-stay hospitals and pro- 
vide community-based ser- 
vices, hospital beds were 
dosing but there was no 
parallel increase in commu- 
nity services. 

Although there had been a 
drop of 25,000 hospital beds 
for the mentally ill in the past 

By Jill Sherman 

10 years there had been only 
an additional 9,000 day-care 

The success of community 
care depended on co-opera- 
tion between several agencies, 
including the National Health 
Service, social services, hous- 
ing organizations and vol- 
untary groups. But that was 
being undermined by bureau- 
cratic barriers, the lack of 
incentives and threats to jobs 
and professional standing, the 
commission said. 

But the commission empha- 
sized that more could be done 
within existing finance if that 
is reorganised. It calls for 

• A rationalization of funding 

policies from the centre to 
remove rate support grant 
penalties for building up 
community services; 

. • Adequate short-term bridg- 
' jng finance so that services in 
the community can be built up 
before hospitals close; 

• Aligning social security 
policies with community care 
policies and removing “per- 
verse incentives” encouraging 
residential care; 

• Ensuring an appropriate 
supply of trained community- . 
based staff 

It also suggests a number of 
strategic options, which H says . 
should be considered by an 
independent review. Local 
authorities should be matte 
responsible for the long-term 

Community care 

care of mentally and phys- 
ically handicapped people. 
Money could be transfe rre d 
from the health service and 
social security, and if! nec- 
essary local authorities, could 

buy in expertise. 

the long-term care of 
the elderly a .single -budget, 
controlled by one : general 
manager responsible to a joint 
board, could be established 
with co n trib u t i ons from the 
health service, local authori- 
ties and sodal security. 

For the mentally ill, either a 
joint bond arrangement could 
be set up or the NHS could be 
responsible and sub-contract 
services, where necessary, 
from local authorities. 

The commission’s control- 
ler, Mr John Bonham, empha- 
sized that in some areas 
community care was working 
efficiently and effectively. 
“There are some saints out 
there, people doing a miracu- 
lous job in uni magma M y diffi- 
cult circumstances. It’s unfair 
to expect everyone to have 
that courage; energy and 

Whitehall Gvfl . Servants 
and politicians aiiitp to 
take advantage of the present 
window of opportunity to 
establish an effective commu- 
nity-based service. 

“If the opportunity is not 
taken a new pattern of care 
will emerge, based on private 
residential homes rather than 
a more flexible mix of 

Rise of ‘back-street* homes 

A private residential home 
was taken to a tribunal by 
Norfolk Social Services De- 
partment early this year after 
allegations of force-feeding of 
residents and making them do ■ 
exercises against their will 

“The officer m charge op- 
erated a very strict authoritar- 
ian regime”, Mr Emlyn 
Cassarn, the county’s director 
of social services, said. 

The tribunal found in fa- 
vour of the local authority and 
said that the home, Bruaii 
Lodge, Cromer, should be 
deregistered and dosed down. 
Nine months later the home is 
still operating, with three res- 
idents, with the same officer in 
charge. The local authority 
cannot touch it Any home 
with less t ha n four residents, 
whether they are elderly, men- 
tally ill or mentally handi- 
capped, does not have to be 
registered, and consequently is 
not open for inspection. 

Under the Registered 
Homes Act 1984, statutory 
checks on standards are made . 
by local authority inspectors, 
two or three times a year. 
Residents in those homes, 
however, still receive £125 
supplementary benefit a week 
and a personal allowance. 

“The law is farcical if it 
allows that home to continue 
operating”. Mr William 
Ching, chairman of the Nor- 
folk Residential Care Associ- 
ation. said. “It is ludicrous 
that the taxpayer is having to 
finance these homes where 
there are no checks and no 

Unregistered homes had 
now become a back-street 

One of the concerns of the Audit Commission’s 
report this week on community core is the burgeoning 
of private residential homes largely 
plementdry benefit payments. In thej 
Jill Sherman examines the problems. 

y financed by 
\ first of two articles 

a registered homes tribunal, 
after complaints against a 
home are made, owing to a 
lack of witnesses.- 

industry, he said. Nobody 
knew how many there were 
because there was no register. 

The association, which insists 
on inspecting any homes that 
want to become members, has 
asked the press in Norfolk to 
refuse any advertisements for 
non-registered homes. 

The Association of County 
Councillors reports that in 
some cases houses are being 
split in two or three, witte-.'MfCassam said. 
separate individuals Harming 
that they have only three 

“Often the complainant is 
too elderly or infirm to go to 
court, or may decide to drop 
the complaint having moved 
out, and staff may be reluctant 
to give oral evidence because 
they may then be TilarMigtaH 
for jobs m the private sector”. 

The association has called 
for new powers to vet both the 
owners and the suitability of 
the premises. Department of 
Health and Social Security 
board and lodging payments 
should be allocated only 
where this had been under- 
taken, the association’s chair- 
man, Mr Martyn Long, said. 

In one case, an owner trying 
to set up a home had pre- 
viously been convicted of 
violence. The local authority 
succeeded last week in Mock- 
ing her application for registr- 
ation, but, meanwhile, she has 
advertised in the local paper 
offering Christmas breaks for 
elderly people. 

Social services directors 
also argue that ft is often 
difficult to deregister a home, 
which has to be done through 

Hastings, another area 
where there is a high pro- 
portion of registered homes, 
has taken two cases to a 
tribunal this year over inad- 

rdfarbishment and has *twa 
more pending. 

One involves allegations of 
the owner bending back fin- 
gers and loothbrushing the 
tongues of mentally handi- 
capped residents. The other, 
concerning a home which was 
put under an emergency clo- 
sure, involves mentally 31 
residents whom the council 
considered were at risk. 

“There are many excellent 
private homes, but some are 
still falling through the net and 
causing serious concern”, the 
East Sussex social sendees 
director, Mr Ken Young, said. 

Tomorrow: Owners’ 


Hull Design Inquiry 

As announced by Lord Trcfgame. Minister or Stale for Defence, 

. . . ■ i mne 1 Ckirwunn tc 1A onnrlnpt 

anti -submarine frigate. 

The terms or reference of the Inquiry are: 
-To consider the advantages and dfeadvan 
form for the purposes of meeting the Naval 
(NSR 7069) for an anti-submanne fni 
current state of the development of the 

of the S90 hull 
(T Requirement 
e (Insofar as the 
permits), taking 

account of independent a^essirfenB made m 1983 by YARD 
and by the Marine Technology Board of the Defence Sacnufic 
\dviwv Council; and or the HID-Norton Committee Report 
Hull Forms for Warships published in May 1986, and to 
identify any implications Tor the design of future destroyers 
and frigates for the RN." 

The Inquiry will address, in the fira mstance S8ake ^l n % 

s£ed/ncWr and manoeuvrability, induing rodynarmc hft of 

tiiefoqS ciSSanSural strength, static stability, 

for a vessel to meet NSR 7069. 

■nw Iiuiuirv will be private and confidential, reporting to the 
SSetSSof State for Defence. No public comment .begven 
htlR until the Inquiry has reported Lord Trefgarne indicated 
that subject to the remiiremenis of security and commercial 
XdXlity. h was tiw Governments intention that LRs 
Report should be published. 

Mnvd’s Rccisicr invites persons who are both qua ified and 
inffied fo making a contribution to the work of Ae lnqmiy to 
wnSlating their area of expertise and interest to; . 

The Chief Ship Surveyor 
Lloyd’s Register of Shipping 
71 Fcnchuith Street • . 


Utters should be marked HuU Desiffi lnquiry. 

^ rhief Ship Surveyor will then adwse prospective cdntribifiots 
J th?pnSre to be adopted for making a formal wrmen 

Simplification of written evidence will be 
Where held in private and wiH be 

^"^•A^iacmcnLf vill be made to observe any contrib utor s 
nq™ for 5dcntialiiy in respect to both wntten and verbal 


Acid rain 
lime usage 

By John Young 
Agriculture Correspondent 

The add rain phenomenon 
may well be linked to a 
“catastrophic” fall in the 
amount of lime spread on 
farmland, according to a sur- 
vey by the National Associ- 
ation of Agricultural Contrac- 

The general lime subsidy 
ended in 1976, but grant aid 
was available until last year, 
since when lime usage has 
fallen by between 50 and 60 
per cent in many parts of 
Scotland, and by more than a 
quarter in 13 other regions. 

Soil acidity due to lime 
deficiency is now a common 
problem in both winter barley 
and grassland. 

According to Mr Alan 
Longworth. water adviser to 
the Country Landowners’ 
Association, some lakes in 
Wales have become virtually 
dead so far as plant and 
animal life is concerned. “If 
time were spread on the 
catchment areas of the lakes 
and rivers affected, the whole 
problem would be cured.” 

of the Stmd Ballet School preparing yesterday for a performance of the Chicken Dance from La Fille Mai 
Gardee'at'Sadler^ Wells Theatre, London. The dance was part of a charity evening for the National Council of One Parent 
Famili es and Martin House Hospice for Chfldren, attended by Princess Margaret (Photograph: Mark Pepper). 

Movement of heavy lorries 

London takes action to enforce ban 

By Rodney Cowtoo 

Transport Correspondent 

The ban on movements of 
heavy Jerries on most London 
roads at night and weekends, 
which was introduced last 
' January, may be more strictly 
enforced next year. 

At a meeting last Friday 
more than 20 London bor- 
oughs agreed to join a 
committee which will admin- 
ister the ban in those 

Since the abolition of the 
Greater London Council the 
ban has been administered by 
the London Residuary Body, 
but is to band over responsi- 
bility to the boroughs next 


Mr Martin EZengom, of 
Richmond, deputy chairman 
of the joint committee, stud 
that the ban bad not been 
effectively enforced. 

The local authorities on the 
joint committee would seek to 
work more closely with the 
police to ensure that the ban 
was enforced; they would 
monitor its effectiveness, and 
seek to involve the public in 
reporting infringements. Sub- 
ject to legal advice, from' next 
April they would also seek to 
strengthen the conditions at- 
tached to the issuing of per- 
mits exempting vehicles from 
the ban. 


paid for 
oak chair 

By Geraldine Norman 

Sale Room Correspondent 

An oak (hair with a high 
back of vertical slats and a 
leather seat was sold for 
$198,000, or £136,500, by 
Christie’s in New York 
lastFriday, becoming the most 
expensive twentieth century 
chair sold at auctions. 

It was designed by Frank 
Lloyd Wright, the American 
architect, in 1901, one of a set 
of dining chairs. The es- 
timated. price before foe auc- 
tion bad been ' $60,000 to 

The chair was bought by 
Thomas Monaghan, who runs 
Domino’s, a nationwide chain 
of pizza parlours, with a head 
office at 30 Frank Lloyd 
Wright Drive, Ann Arbor, 

Mr Monaghan decided that 
his furnishings should, matrih 
his address and bought all the 
Frank Lloyd Wright pieces in 
the sale. 

A price record for lead 
soldiers was set by Phillips at 
an auction in New York. An 
Army service supply column 
representing the Boer War 
period and made by Bri tains 
sold for $12,100 (estimate 
$5,000 to $7,' 500), or £8,500. 
The set was scuffed. -and 
damaged but extremely rare. 

It was bought by axi unnamed 
American collector. 

Sotheby’s sale of Fabeige 
and other works of art in New 
York last Friday included a 
necklace of miniature Easter 
eggs, made in St Petersburg 
around 1900 and sent for sale 
by Queen Anne of Rumania, 
which made $42,900 (estimate 
$20,000 to $30,000) or 
£29,700. The sale made £1.2 
million with 13 per cent left 

PoW tunnel helps City 

built by German prisoners of 
war are the unlikely setting for 
foe latest ronummicatioos 
revolution hi the City of 

In these chambers, 130 
British Telecom cable! layers 
are replacing ageing six-inch 
telephone cables with enough 
finger-thick fibre-optic “lite 
lines” to circle the globe 
twice. * 

The Kndergro'iiid chambers 
are part of the “German 
TmmeP bn3t below Holborn 
with PoW labour during the 
Second World War. 

The oew system will cost 
£50 million and fa designed to 
boost the City’s computerized 
dealing and comnnmlcathms 
network British Telecom says 
the first stage of the project 
should be completed early in 

Major roadworks on motor- 
ways this week: 

London and' 

Mil London: Major road- 
works at Redbridge round- 
about (A 12). 

M2 Kent: Lane restrictions 
between junctions 5 and 7 
(Sittingboume and Faver- 
sham) until end of December. 
M20 Kent: Contraflow be- 
tween junctions .7 and 8 

M40 Oxfordshire: Lane clo- 
sures eastbound between junc- 
tions S and 6 (West 
Wycombe/ Princes 
Risborough) and down to one 
lane eastbound between junc- 
tions 6 and 7 (Princes Ris- 
borough and Thame). Entry 
slip road at junction 7 dosed. 
M275 Hampshire: Between 
M27 intersection and Rud- 
more roundabout, Ports- 
mouth. Construction of new 


Ml Nottinghamshire: Contra- 

flow near junction 28 (A38 

M5 Hereford and Worcester: 
Contraflow between junctions 
5 and 6 (Bromsgrove and 
One lane open northbound, 
two lanes open southbound. 
Various lane closures between 
junctions 4 and 8 (Broms- 
grove and the M6). 

M50 Hereford and Worcester: 
Contraflow east of junction 4 
(A449 Ross-on-Wye). 

M54 West Midlands: Various 
lane closures between junc- 
tions 2 and 7 (A449 Wolver- 
hampton and AS Wellington). 


Ml Sooth Yorkshrc Repair 
work between junctions 31 
and 33 (A57 Worksop and 
A630 Rotherham). Various 
slip road closures at junctions 
31 and 32 (M18 interchange) 
until end January. 

M6 Lancashire: Roadworks at 
junction 23 until end Decem- 
ber. Also contraflow between 
junctions 29 and 32 (A6 
Preston and M 55 interchange) 
until January. 

M18 Sooth Yorkshire: 
Contraflow between junctions 
1 and 2 (Rotherham and 
A!(M)). Defcrys likely until 
late December. 

M61 Blacow Bridge, Lan- 
cashire: Construction work at 
M6 interchange. Lane closures 
both directions.' ' 

M63 Greater Manchester. 
Major widening at Barton 
Bridge. Various restrictions 
between junctions 1 and 7 
(M62 and MS7). Avoid if! 

M63 Greater Manchester: 
Link road from A34 junction 
10 to M63 northbound 
carriageway reduced to single 
lane only for bridge painting. 

Wales and the West 

M4 Wiltshire: Contraflow be- 
tween junctions 16 and 17 
(Swindon and Cirencester). 
M4 Mid-Glamorgan: Restric- 
tions both directions between 
junctions 34 and 35 (A4119 
Uantrisant and A473 Bridg- 

M5 Gloucestershire: Contra- 
flow at junction 14 (Thorn- 
buryX Northbound entry slip 
road dosed. 


MS Glasgow: Construction 
work between junctions 15 
and 17 (city centre and Dum- 
barton) until March 1987. In 
addition, various other short- 
term lane closures and restric- 
tions will take place on the 
outskirts of the city on tins 
motorway. Look out for warn- 
ing signs. 

M90 Kinross: Between junc- 
tions S and 6 drainage works. 
Both carriageways have out- 
ride lane dosures. 

Information compiled and sup- 
plied by AA Rmdwatdu 

Otter roadworks, page 18 

Devlin in 
attack on 
trial book 

Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Lord Devlin, the former law 
ford, has responded to two 
senior judges who criticized 
him over his book of the 
murder trial of Dr John 
Bodkin Adams. 

In the newly-published 
paperback version of Easing 
the Passing, Lord Devlin has 
written a postscript defending 
himself against the attacks 
made by Lord Scarman and 
Lord Bridge of Harwich when 
the book was first published 
last year. 

Lord Devlin was the trial 
judge in the case in 1 957 of the 
Eastbourne doctor, who was 
found not guilty of murdering 
three of his patients. Loro 
Devlin was severely criticized 
for judicial impropriety in 
publishing his account. 

Explaining why he wrote the 
book. Lord Devlin, who left 
the bench in the 1950s, says 
his chairmanship of the Press 
Council for six years had a 
“laxative effect”, and be came 
to think that in public affairs 
“exposure should be the rule”. 

Lord Scarman, who is re- 
tired as a law lord, and Lord 
Bridge wrote a letter to The 
Times Literary Supplement in 
response to what Lord Devlin 
calls “an extremely provoc- 
ative review of my book”. 

They took issue with Lord' 
Devlin’s criticisms of the 
Attorney General of foe day, 
the late Lord Dilhome, the law 
lord who led the case for the 

That attack, they com- 
plained, was posthumous; was 
made on a former judicial 
colleague and was made with 

Lord Devlin says- he has 
never expressed contempt for 
Lord Duhorne, although foe 
book contains “lack of 

He says in the postscript: 
“Dilhome’s defects, chief nar- 
row-mindedness and ob- 
stinacy, were not those which 
excite contempt” It was his 
faults — his ’“utter 
inflexibility” — that domina- 
ted at the triaL 

■ It would anyway have been 
impossible to write the book 
while Lord Dflhorne was 
alive, he says, because be was 
outlived by Dr Adams. If the 
book was “uncomplimentary” 
about Lord Dilhome, it was 
also “necessarily defamatory” 
of Adams and no publisher 
would have touched it ■ 

As for the sentiment that 
“dog should not eat dog” that 
would preclude impartiality. 
Lord Devlin says. “So there 
was no place for It in what I 
was doing.” 

Easing the Passing: The trial of 
Dr John Bodkin Adams (Faber; 



Monopoly money. 

Believe it or not, there are millions of labourers in various 
parts of the world who do not get their wages in real 

Some receive discs, usable only in thecompany’s or 
plantation^ own shops. Just like Monopoly money in 
the board game. 

Others are paid ‘in kind! being given some necessary 
items of food, clothing or shelter. Another kind of 
monopoly, kept tightly in the hands of the employers. 

Stilt more have to surrender a proportion of what 
they grow to the landowners and are thus kept in per- 
petual debt to their employers in ways amounting to 
semi-slavery like mediaevaLserfs. 

Monopoly again. 

Ail this not only degrades the poor but renders them 
powerless to improve their own lives. 

Christian Aicfls conviction is that the poor require 
not bread alone but the power to earn and purchase. 
And this applies to Third World countries as would-be 
trading nations, in the same way as it applies to indivi- 
duals and families. 

Christmas celebrates the birth of Christ and the 
coming of justice for the poor and oppressed. Every 
pound you give through Christian Aid will contribute 
to giving back to the poor their self-respect. 


1o: Christian Aid. P.O. Box 1, London SW9 BBR 

lendosecheque/P.O.for £200 □ £100D £S0D £25 □ £10D OtherD, 
or please debit my Access/VfcaA/c No. 

Please send Covenant Form □ Signature . 
Name, — 


ff receipt needed ddk here. D 


Christian Aid ® 
Christmas Appeal 






Defiant PLO stay 
in Lebanese town 

' MagMousfcb, Lebanon (Renter) — Guerrillas loyal to Mr 
Yassir Arafat, the PLO leader, dong to posts in this battle- 
scarred village today, defying an Iranian-mediated accord to 
end battles between Palestinians and Shift Muslims. 

About 100 Palestinians from Damascus-based grasps 
handed some positions m the village to pro-Iranian 
Hizboliah (Party of God) mflitiamen, neutral in the conflict, 
but pro- Arafat guerrillas said they had reoccnpied them- 

**AU positions evacnated . . . have been filled again by 
Palestine liberation Organisation (PLO) forces,*' a PLO 
official said. “There will be no withdrawal from 
Maghdonsbeh until we receive minimum guarantees.” 

He said these were an end to the Shia Amai militia’s siege 
of the Palestinian refugee camps of Rashidfyeh, near Tyre, 
and Chatilla, in Beirut Talks would bare to follow to define a 
new basis for Lebanese-Palestmian relations, he added. 

Palestinian and Amal fighters had battled fiercely for the 
past three weeks for control of Magbdoosbeh, perched on a 
ridge overlooking the portofSWoa. 

Youths stone Gandhi 

Chandigarh, India (Reuter) — Hindu youths threw stones 
and shouted slogans at the Indian Prime Minister, Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi, yesterday at the funeral in Amritsar of a Hioda poli- 
tician assassinated by Sikh extremists in the Punjab. 

About 6,000 people attended the cremation of Dr Kewal 
Krishna Bhatia, a leader of the mainly Hindu Bharatiya 
Janata Party (BJP). who was shot with two other people in 
his dink last night 

Witnesses said hundreds of police surrounded die crowds 
but youths briefly threw stones and shouted “Down with 
Gandhi, down with Barnate". Mr Suijit Singh Bamala is 
Punjab's moderate Sikh Chief Minister, and is backed by 
Mr Gandhi's Congress Party. 

On Saturday night thousands of angry Hindus in Amritsar 
stoned police and shouted insults after Bhatia "s killing. 


Reykjavik (Reuter) — 
Icelandic health authori- 
ties hare decided to distrib- 
ute a sample condom to 
every teenager in the coun- 
try as part of its campaign 
to combat Aids. 

An explicit booklet with 
detailed instructions on 
how to use condoms has 
already been distributed to 
the home of every Icelander 
between the ages of 15 and 
34. An nproar developed 
when it was discovered that 
the booklet had been sent 
to children aged between 12 
and 14 by mistake and the 
chief physician's office 
publicly apologized. 



Copenhagen — A power- 
ful bomb blast that hit the 
Soviet Embassy in Copen- 
hagen on Saturday night 
caused extensive damage 
hot no casualties (Chris- 
topher Follett writes). 

Police said the bomb was 
probably thrown into the 
embassy from an adjoining 
military cemetery. No 
organization took 
responsibility for the blast, 
which came on the eve of a 
visit to the Danish capital 
by Mr.EIie Wiesei, the 
Nobel Peace Prize winner, 
who is to attend a charity 
tonight in support of 
>viet Jews. 

Rhine claims pile up 

Bonn — The Swiss chemicals firm Sandoz that turned the 
Rhine red and killed hatfa million fish and eels is to get a bili 
from a West German riaiming DM 25,000 (£8,700) compen- 
sation for a nervous breakdown during the pollution 
emergency (John England writes). 

Another dngsf-strnck German, who lived near the river 
until the chemicals leak poisoned it is demanding 
DM 500,000 (£174.000) to cover his costs and trouble in 
moving boose to a “less dangerous part of the country". 



Hong Kong — The Royal 
Hong Kong Police and the 
Chinese Public Security 
authorities are stepping up 
collaboration to prevent il- 
legal immigration into 
Hong Kong from mainland 
China, especially by child- 
ren (David Bona via writes). 

Last month 300 Chinese 
children were caught while 
being brought into Hong 
Kong illegally by “snake- 
heads" or operators of illic- 
it boats. Most come to be 
reunited with their parents 
or family. 

1 1 die in 
Sri Lanka 

Colombo (Renter) — At 
least 11 people were kilted 
and several wounded on 
Saturday when two rival 
Tamil guerrilla groups 
fought each other in Sri 
Lanka's Northern prov- 
ince, military sources and 
residents said yesterday. 

Residents in Jaffna, cap- 
ital of the northern penin- 
sula, said that the Eelam 
People's Revolutionary 
Liberation Front had sur- 
rendered at masse to the 
Liberation Tigers of Tamil 

Nkomo attacks delay 
in party unity talks 

From A Correspondent, Harare 
The leader of Zimbabwe’s ship" by government spokes- 

itae state-con- 

Zapu opposition party. Mr 
Joshua Nkomo, and his Cen- 
tral Committee are growing 
impatient with Mr Robert 
Mugabe's ruling Zanu (PF) 
party over the protracted talks 
on a unity pact to inaugurate a 
one-party state. 

After a weekend meeting in 
Harare, the Zapu Central 
Committee “noted with dis-' 
may" the frequent statements 
by senior members of the 
Government that final agree- 
ment was imminent, 

Zapu. which holds 14 of the 
100 House of Assembly seats 
against 66 held by Zanu (PF). 
is understood to be alarmed 
by what it sees as “brinkman- 

men, using 
trolled news media to build up 
popular expectations that an 
end to five years of factional 
strife is at hand. 

Zapu fears this is a tactic 
intended to force its capitula- 
tion to Zanu (PF) terms. 

A major overhaul of the 
Zimbabwean constitution is 
planned for next year by the 
Government, when guar- 
antees lapse for the 20 seats 
reserved for whites- in the 
Zimbabwean Parliament. The 
British-designed Lancaster 
House constitution will be 
revised to incorporate an exec- 
utive presidency and a single- 
chamber legislature. 

Reagan ignores scandal as 
‘come clean’ calls grow 

From Michael Binyon 

As pressure mounted on 
President Reagan from sen- 
ators. congressmen and out- 
side advisers to take decisive 
measures to clear up the Iran 
affair, the beleaguered Presi- 
dent studiously ignored the 
scandal in his weekend radio 
broadcast and yesterday re- 
corded an optimistic Christ- 
mas television message of 
good cheer. 

The White House has been 
trying to concentrate on “busi- 
ness as normal”, in the hope 
that this win divert attention 
from the scandal. On Saturday 
President Reagan urged Con- 
gress in his weekly radio talk 
to avoid raising taxes and keep 
a close watch on spending. 

White House officials said 
he would spend the next few 
days considering new domes- 
tic policy initiatives. 

Congress, however, has in- 
sisted that before be can “get 
on with the business of gov- 
erning", as he urged on Fri- 
day, he must deal with the 
Iran affair. 

Senator Robert Dole, the 
Republican Senate leader, said 
there would otherwise be a 
deadlock with Congress for 
the next two years. “We’re 
consumed with this." he said. 

Congress has also voiced 
auger and frustration at the 
refusal of key White House 
aides to testify over the affair. 
Senator David Durenberger, 
chairman of the Senate intelli- 
gence committee, denounced 
the' praise for Vice-Admiral 
John Poindexter and Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Oliver North, for- 
mer National Security 
Council members, as national 

“If they’re such heroes, then 
why are they deserting their 
country when they are finally 
being put to the true test of 
their commitment to this 

He said they had pul their 
narrow personal interests or 
misplaced loyalty above the 
national interest, but he was 
not going to recommend im- 
munity for them in order to 
gain their testimony. 

Senator Robert Byrd, the 
Democratic majority leader, 
also reflected the frustrations 
of congressional investigators, 
telling a meeting of Democrats 
in Williamsburg, Virginia: “In 
my 34 years in the Senate, I 
have never seen such an arro- 
gant, partisan White House as 
I have seen the past six years." 

One Democrat member of 
the House foreign affairs com- 
mittee, which is also hearing 
testimony, called on President 
Reagan to help resolve the 
controversy by ending aid to 
the Nicaraguan Contra rebels. 

Speaking for his paity in its 
weekly radio reply to Presi- 
dent Reagan, Mr David Bon- 
ier called the Contra war a 
“cancer on this presidency". 

President Reaps k apparently unable to bear fating the cameras when Jie emerges with a 

He said: “For five years it has 
led your Administration from 
one dirty war to another in an 
effort to cany out this illegal 
and immoral war." 

He said the Iran-Contra 
scandal was the inevitable re- 
sult of the decision to pursue a 
war despite the will of Con- 
gress and without the support 
of the American people. He 
asked what had happened to 

A US citizen arrested at an air 
base in northern Nicaragua is 
being held on suspicion that be 
was spying, the Nteangnan 
Foreign Minister, Father Mi- 
guel D'Escoto, said yesterday 
(Renter reports from Mana- 
gua). Father D'Escoto said the 
American, identified by his 
US passport as Mr Sam Nes- 
ley Hall, aged 49, of Dayton, 
Ohio, was captured on Sat- 
urday inside an air base at 
Punta Huete, to the north of 

the $30 million profits from 
the aims sales, and suggested 
it had all gone to arms dealers, 
“building private fortunes for 
Central America's Marcoses". 

The Senate intelligence 
committee plans to call senior 
White House aides, includin 
Mr Donald Regan, the Chie 
of Staff, when hearings re- 

after giving a radio address from the Oval Office, bat then relents. 

Further confusion ova* the 
role of Mr George Shultz, the 
Secretary of State, arose with 
the claim by Mr John Kelly, 
the US Ambassador in Beirut, 

Speculation continued ax 
the weekend that President 
Reagan was still being urged 
by ms wife and California as- 
sociates, including Mr Mi- 

chael Deaver, to dismiss Mr 
Regan. Sources said he and 
Mr William Casey, the direc- 
tor of the Centra] Intelligence 
Agency, would be out of office 
by the beginning of next 

However. Senator Dole yes- 
terday said that at a weekend 
meeting Mr Regan told him: 
“1 tell you one thing, I'm not 
leaving the White House." 

Mr Dole said that if he left 
now it would be inferred that 
President Reagan had known 
something of the affair . The 
White House communica- 
tions director said the Presi- 
dent would support Mr Regan 
for the “duration of the fire- 
storm" Senator Dote earlier 
called the Iran affair “just 
plain stupid", and urged Mr 
Reagan to caQ a summit meet- 
ing of the European allies and 
“lay all the cards on the table" 

Meanwhile, another poll, 
released at the weekend by US 
News and World Report. 
showed that less than half 
those asked approved of the 
way Mr Reagan was handling 
his job as President and two- 
thirds doubled that he had re- 
vealed all he knew about the 
Iran-Contra deaL 

that Mr Shultz had concurred 
in a plan for him to bypass the 
department is secret talks 
with Iran on releasing host- 

Mr Kelly was explaining his 
role in the affair to the State 
Department after being sum- 
moned home by an angry Mr 
Shultz, who said he had been 
kept in ignorance. The two 
had their first meeting, on 


Mr Reagan is said to be 
considering appealing person- 
ally to Admiral Poindexter 
and Colonel North to break 
their silence and disclose de- 
tads of the operation. 

He told a group of state 
legislators on Saturday: “I'll 
not be satisfied until all the 
facts are before the American 

Bui Mr John Ebriichman. a 
White House official during 
the Watergate crisis, said as- 
pects of the Iran affair were 
very similar, especially Mr 
Reagan's decision to “hang 

He urged President Reagan 
to give 2 daily press briefing, 
giving all the “unvarnished 
information" he had. 

Transvaal mine blasts police 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

Two South African police- 
men were seriously injured 
when their vehicle detonated a 
landmine, the South African 
Government's Bureau for 
Information, the country's 
main source of official inf- 
ormation, announced yes- 

The landmine incident 
came as Pretoria returned to 
Swaziland two Swiss nationals 
abducted in an armed raid on 
houses in Mbabane, the Swazi 
capital, and Manzinj, the 
kingdom's industrial centre. 
Their seizure provoked sharp 
protests from both the Swazi 
and the Swiss governments 
over the weekend. 

The blast involving the 
policemen, a white sergeant 
and a black constable, occ- 
urred ou a dirt road near the 
town of Barberton, eastern 
Transvaal, not for from the 
Swazi border. 

There have been a number 
of landmine incidents in the 
eastern Transvaal border area 
over the past year. The 
authorities usually blame the 
planting of landmines on Af- 
rican National Congress 
(ANC) guerrillas operating 

from Mozambique and Swazi- 

The raids into Swaziland 
came on the same day as 
President Botha announced 
the arrest of an undisclosed 
number of ANC members, 
and other political activists, in 
what he claimed was a move 
to prevent acts of terror and 
sabotage over the Christmas 

Opposition parliamentary 
parties, of both the left and the 
right, have dismissed Presi- 

dent Botha's claims, which be 
offered as justification for the 
dampdown on the press and 
extra-partiamentary opposi- 
tion, as "unconvincing" and 
“a red herring." 

Mr Colin Eglin. the leader of 
the liberal Progressive Federal 
Party, made the point that 
most of the ANC documents 
produced by Mr Botha to 
prove the imminent threat of 
revolution dated from 1985 
and contained little that was 
new or surprising. 

r Daniel Schneider and Miss Corinne Kschofi^ his 
fiancee, who wore returned by Pretoria to Swaziland. 

Maize crisis highlights error of cheap import policy 

Mugabe backs drive for food self-sufficiency 

From Michael Hartnack 

A grim sense of reality was 
introduced to a conference on 
farm policy and food security 
last week by an explosion of 
rioting in the Copperbeit re- 
gion of neighbouring Zambia. 

The meeting, held under (he 
auspices' of the Inter-Par- 
liamentary Union, ended' with 
a call by delegates from 16 
African countries, to the 
union's member governments 
to sink at least 25 per cent of 
their annual development 
funds into rural development. 

As the politicians delib- 
. era ted in the Zimbabwean 
capital mobs were busy 
barricading the streets of 
Zambian Copperbeit towns in 
protest at a 1 10 per cent 
increase in the price of higher- 
grade maize meal. 

Years of cheap food imports 
daring the heyday of buoyant 
international copper prices 
have undermined domestic 
maize production in Zambia, 

and encouraged rapid urban- 
ization of rural peasant 

With copper in the dol- 
drums, President Kenneth 
Kauuda’s debt-ridden Govern- 
ment finds itself physically 
and financially incapable of 
restoring food self-sufficiency 

Faced with violent unrest 
among its politically influen- 
tial urban population, Zambia 
finally restored the $30 mil- 
lion (£21 million) subsidy on 
maize meal which the Inter- 
national Monetary Fund want- 
ed cancelled as a condition for 
helping President Kaunda 
with his $4 billion (£3-8 bil- 
lion) accumulated external 

Across the Zambezi, tem- 
porarily closed by tbe Zam- 
bians to outward-bound traf- 
fic, Zimbabwe prides itself on 
being one of the last African 
states still growing enough to 
feed itself. 

But on the day the con- 
ference convened it was pub- 

licly acknowledged by the 
government-controlled news 
media here that the once- 
thriving beef industry is in dire 
trouble due, in part, to years of 
low prices intended to ensure 
“cheap protein for tbe peo- 

The state-nm Cold Storage 
Commission has stopped dll 
deliveries to butcheries, which 
now must get what beef they 
can from, private abattoirs. 

The Zimbabwean Prime 
Minister, Mr Robert Mugabe, 
opened the conference with a 
blunt acknowledgement of 
Africa's past mistakes in farm 
policy, altbongh his own 
Government has been unique 
in the emphasis it has placed 
since independence on rural 

development . 

This contrasts with die 
prestige projects in the towns 
favonred by many of his 
northern neighbours in the 
1960s and 1970s. 

“The point is that white we 
cannot and do not have full 
control and power over natural 

calamities, such as droughts 
and floods, we cannot legiti- 
mately escape oar blame- 
worthiness, as legislators and 
as leaders, for our mismanage- 
ment of tbe agriculture 
sector," Mr Mugabe said. 

Zimbabwe was particularly 
aware that agriculture was a 
prerequisite for economic and 
political stability, he said. His 
words were to have an omi- 
nously prophetic ring as news 

of the Zambian unrest came in 
later daring the week. 

Dr A.O. Fates, of Nigeria's 
Ibadan University, predicted 
that sub-Saharan Africa might 
get up to $6.75 btflioa (£4.76 
billion) in agricultural aid 
from the developed countries 
over tbe next five years. It 
must be channelled into a 
concerted effort to achieve 
food seif-suffiaency, he urged. 

Sub-Saharan states needed 
help in improving their foreign 
exchange earnings through 
trade t reaties which bolstered 
agricultural production, said 
Dr Falnsi, tat they found 

themselves faced with higher 
tariff barriers from the indus- 
trialized states, whose heavily 
subsidized farm products 
undermined the economic 
viability of African 
agricuttnre. . 

The needless tragedy of 
Africa's recurrent famines was 
underlined by a sown' official 
of the United Nations Food 
and Agricultme Organization 
(FAO), who stressed that 
despite its expanding popula- 
tion the continent stiD has 

enough land to. feed three 
tunes its present 531 million 
people. Today some 140 mil - 
lion Africans were surviving 
on imported grain, said Mr 
Racim Sant'Anua, the 
Harare-based regional soil re- 
sources officer for the FAO. 

Among concluding recom- 
mendations of tbe conference 
was a cadi for countries which 
supply aid to African states to 
examine the annual balance of 
payments between themselves 
and the individual recipient 

on looters 

Lusaka (Renter) — Zambian 
police have detained 450 peo- 
ple in the northern Copperbeit 
area in a sweep to recover 
goods looted during food riots 
last week, according to the 
official news agency Zana. 

Police asked shopkeepers to 
go to police headquarters in 
the Copperbeit towns of 
Ndola, Kitwe and Chingola to 
identify their property. 

The looters stole shoes, 
clothes, perfumes and elec- 
tronic equipment during 
widespread protests against a 
100 per cent increase in the 
price of maize meaL President 
Kenneth Kaunda cancelled 
the increase on Thursday. 

Police continued to protect 
maize mills and were provid- 
ing escorts for vehicles 
distributing maize meaL in 
short supply in the Copperbeit 
after mills suspended produc- 
tion to see how tbe Govern- 
ment would carry out a 
decision to nationalize the 

Tbe Sunday Times erf Zam- 
bia, published by the ruling 
United National Indepen- 
dence Party, said the Govern- 
ment had ordered all millers 
to resume production, and 

A dusk-to-dawn curfew is 
still in force across the 
Copperbeit on the Z a ire a n 
border, and police there said 
miners, hospital staff and 
night workers were receiving 
special passes. 


Jopling threatens 
to spin out talks 
till issue is settled 

B v Robin Oakley, Political Editor 

■ ■ - — jn seekin 

With the meeting Bra* 
sels yesterday ot Europe 
farm Ministers showing no 

sjg* of n p ^ E l EO butier 
reduction o. the 

mountains and milk laws, w* 

Michael Jopling 



Wednesday, as Britain s pe- 
riodin the EEC pres^ency 
draws to a close, said tiatfoe 
meeting was making 
in discussions on reducing 
dairy' production as a step 
towards reducing tbe 1.5 mil- 
lion ion butter mountain. 

He declared: “We nave to 
stop the production of un- 
wanted, uneatable, unsalable 
surpluses." -And he added. It 
we fafl, it won’t be the fault of 
the British presidency because 
I shall drive them on unni l 
don't have a quorum left, l m 
perfectly prepared to stay here 
throughout a good part or the 

Speaking on BBC Radio 4 s 
World This Weekend _ pro- 
gramme, Kir Jopling said that 
the Soviet Union was virtually 
the only country currently 
willing to buy butter, and then 
only at knockdown prices. 

He said that the agriculture 

ministers, in see™ io re- 
spond to the call from the 
European Commission for a 
cut of almost 10 per cent Li 
production, were looking at 
wavs of compensating dairy 

One way would be to find 
dairy farmers who wanted to 

Two da vs of meetings between 
EEC and United States trade 
officials broke up without 
agreement yesterday, as the 
EEC refused to bow to Ameri- 
can demands for concessions 
on food trade. Negotiations 
had centred on the loss of US 
feed grain sales to Spain (Our 
Correspondent writes from 
Br ussels). 

leave the business and to buy 
up and then cancel their 
production quotas. That wo- 
uld reduce production without 
reducing the individual quo- 
tas of those who wanted to 
stay in the industry. The other 
way was to have a suspension 
of quotas, compensating form- 
ers for the loss while they were 

• BRUSSELS: EEC agri- 
culture ministers, thrashing 
out a scheme to cut milk and 
beef production that would do 
the least damage to formers in 
their own countries, were still 
for from agreement last night 
<A Correspondent writes). 

Howe tried to bow 
out on a high note 

Brussels - Today marks 
what Sir Arthur Conan Doyle 
mi ght have called Sir Geoffrey 
Howe's last bow, although 
whether the Foreign Secretary 
can match the Great Detective 
by solving the insolnble at die 
w moment remains to be 

Sir Geoffrey will today seek 
to retrieve Britain's reputation 
for firm leadership of the EEC 
when he chairs tbe final 
foreign ministers' meeting of 
tbe six-month British presi- 
dency. Britain is malting a 
final push this week to end the 
presidency with at least some 
progress in farm reform, air 
Coes, tbe internal market and 
EEC trade dispntes with die 
United States and Canada. 

Sir Geoffrey, who is hand- 
ing over to Mr Leo Tinde- 
mans, the Belgian Foreign 
Minister, as president of foe 
EEC Council of Ministers, 
will wairt to recapture some of 
die “bistre" which he said 
marked the presidency when 
he took over in July. 

Sir Geoffrey will underline 
restored European confidence 
in the Reagan Administration 
following die visits to London 
and Brussels last week by Mr 
George Shultz, the Secretary 
of Stole. After Friday's Nato 
foreign ministers' meeting on 
post-Reyjfeavik arms control. 
Sir Geoffrey said Mr Shultz's 
performance both on disarma- 
ment and tm Washington's 
handling of the arms for Iran 
affair had left the Western 
alliance with a coherent, cred- 
ible and common view of tbe 
way ahead. 

Some EEC officials remain 
to be convinced, however. Bel- 
gium, which takes over the 
EEC presidency on January I, 
is investigating Danish allega- 
tions that arms shipments to 
Iran have passed illegally 
throngh Zeebrngge and Ant- 
werp, and dial Belgian weap- 
ons were involved. Mr Tinde- 
mans has ordered an official 
inquiry into the claim. 

Officials said Sir Geoffrey 
would use his final appearance 
In die EEC chair to stress 
Britain's “solid achievements" 
and to counteract the hostile 
reception given to both Mrs 
Thatcher and Sir Geoffrey on 
die record of the presidency at 
die European Parliament last 
week. Mrs Thatcher came 
under sustained fire from both 
right and tat for maintainin g 
Unit die EEC London summit 
had been a success and that 
failure to tackle central issues, 
such as reform of the common 
agricultural policy or cheaper 

air fores, was the fault of other 
EEC nations. West Germany 

Mr Michael Jopling, the 
Agriculture Minister, chaired 
unscheduled last-ditch talks 
over the weekend in a bid to 
clinch at least some agreement 
on milk and beef quota cuts. 
Similarly, Mr John Moore, 
tbe Transport Minister, today 
is chairing eleventh-hour talks 
on European air fores, price- 
fixing and ronte-shariug. 

Some officials criticized 
Britain for the .collapse of 
attempts to formulate a 1987 
EEC budget The attempts 
have foundered because of the 
strains imposed by soaring 
farm spending, faffing EEC 
revenues and the decline of the 
dollar, which affects the 
competitivaKSS of EEC ex- 
ports. British officials say that 
most of these factors are 

European View 

By Richard Owen 

beyond tbe control of the 
presidency. But critics say the 
European Parliament, which 
accused Britain of lack of 
imagination and daring, would 
not tare voted out tbe draft 
1987 budget if the issue of 
farm spending and food sur- 
pluses had been tackled head- 
on over die past six months. 

“To some people it looks as 
if Britain has deliberately 
engineered a casta crisis so 
that tbe EEC will be forced to 
take drastic measures." one 
EEC offidal said. “Unfortu- 
nately it foils to Belgium to 
deal with the crisis." 

Today's foreign ministers' 
meeting will disoss the diffi- 
culty posed for EEC aid to foe 
Third World and EEC re- 
search and development spen- 
ding by the budget crisis. 

Mr Tindemans will publidy 
take the line that BeJjpinn is 
routinely accepting the baton 
from Britain, and is grateful 
for British efforts. Privately, 
however, he is expected to 
undertake to give EEC affairs 
a fresh impulse in the wake of 
what many see as a somewhat 
lacklustre British presidency. 

Belgium is planning a crisis 
EEC summit on the budget in 
March, and Mr Tindemans is 
preparing to launch a high- 
profile EEC foreign policy by 
touring the Middle East in the 
new year. Last week be met 
Mr Faronk Kaddomni, the 
“Foreign Minister" of the 
Palestine Liberation Organiz- 

On the other hand, British 
officials are able to point to a 
number of EEC foreign policy 
successes under the British 
presidency, including joint ac- 
tion against Syria over terror- 
ism and a consistent and 

in particular is Mamed for purposeful policy towards 
refusing to tockle agricultmal South Africa. Sir Geoffrev will 
e *“ ~ e * today underline EEC condem- 

nation of the latest press 
censorship in Sooth Africa. 

reform for fear of antagonizing 
rural voters in next mouth's 
German elections. 

Spanish town wins dam reprieve 

Paramilitary Civil Guard 
policemen stood guard on 
construction machinery in the 
northern Spanish town of Ria- 
bo yesterday after a court ord- 

Frorn Harry Debelins, Madrid 
er was delivered, but the 
townspeople’s anger cooled as 
soon as it became apparent 
that the final assault was in- 
tended to eliminate the danger 

er temporanly halted the dest- . posed by a half-toppled build- 
ruction of residents’ homes to mg- 
allow the construction of a Three unidentified persons 
dam. vandalized tbe home of tbe 

A local district judge Mayor of Riano. Senor Gull- 
granted a stay in the execution lenno Hernandez, on Friday 
of the work last Friday - after night, causing damage esn- 

1 3 bouses had been demolish- 
ed in two days — to allow time 
to study a petition presented 
on behalf of those affected, 
which alleged illegalities in the 
expropriation of property.' 

Bulldozer operators briefly 
resumed the demolition on 
Friday behind a screen of arm- 
ed policemen after a court oid- 

maied at 180,000 pesetas 

Contrary to his more defi- 
ant neighbours, the mayor be- 
lieves the struggle to save the 
400-year-old town with its 
present population of about 
650 is a lost cause. He has de- 
dicated bis efforts in recent 
weeks to seeking special con- 

cessions from authorities for 
Riaho's people when thev 
have to leave. 

An effigy of the mayor hung 
trom a lamp-post in the centre 
or the main square in froot of 
the town hall on Saturday, and 
a sign pinned to it read: “This 
» how those who don't defend 
Riano will end up." 

The dam which threatens 
Rjanos existence was begun 
-U years ago. The present 
residents are mostly children 

. Property-owners who re- 
raved compensation at that 
time, pie work was stopped 
*™ lce ft> r periods of several 
2™ serious effort was 
JSHJ* 0 evict the people of 
Riano until this year. 


coS^° ibi iilr .“'«e call - - 
we g° £ur ^ vailed alongsiS® get s 

* «* *L ^SV s rtM 

s? ?<*&si£Z~fis ; ’*» 

*“ — " 200 

sa® e - ' _v*ing ^“^ons, 


-♦■ ■ 

u 9 

r's Office 


A 11 UK CompanV 


acting 200 

lea KeS Of COfflnie • 

Companies* . y0 ur com’ 

comp can <i yv& - L-itors. 

£*5~ „ ^«»^u 

x - f^s t ? sarsiStSiw 

aeWsP^IUwe’ 11 pr ° 

at «ang aw 


M"> S’lLrertor 

UJXUa.! 0 » 2 ^ 

WeS tRoa d . B ^ 

TW89 Hu , 5i5?!^ ; 



to £10,000 

Working at Director level in this lively co. specialising 

Working at Director level in this lively co. specialising 
in new Toad and dnnks products. You wHi never have 
a dun moment 

Sense of humour and a social personality are just as 
Important as your good typing & 80 S/H. WP exp pref. 
Age 21 +. 

Susan Beck TS 

News & Pictures 


A bright, young sectary is required by this 
International News Company to join their 
News Pictures Dept. Your role "ill in volte 
overseeing the general running of the dept, 
arranging travel, keeping diaries, organising 
meetings eh:, where attention to detail is 
essential. Good skills I 50) and excellent 
spelling an? required. Age: 21+. Please 
telephone 01400 1232. 

R.'i-rmlmcnl CiMi-ulMnl- 

Hot Property 


A genuine opportunity for a professional PA tn 
join this prestigious Mav/jir hased Property- 
Company: One of their Directors, a charming 
.Gentleman, is seeking someone with a bright, 
outgoing personality to liaise with clients,, 
organise meetings ami V IP functions when? 
attention to detail is essential. Excellent skills 
(00 60) requested. Age 2I+. Plea-e telephone 
01409 1232. 

R>vruitm>.'iil i>n'«luiil* 



You Win be working with a small professional group of 

On the one hand, you'll be looking attar a team of 
temporaries. On the other hand, meeting events, 
spending tone getting to understand the* business and 
establishing a professional relationship with them. 
Wftft afltftis. tfw ability to ttwk quickly, yer analytically 
and to make astute "people" decisions is essential. 

You wfl need to have recruitment experience. You win 
receive an attractive salary plus bonuses. Than, it's up 
to you. 

If you think you can organise, sen. communicate end get 
on wea with people, then you could become part of this 
succestul team. 

CaB me today. 

Sharon OOig, 

Alfred Marks Recruitment Consultants, 

62 Brampton Road, London, SW3 
(Opposite Hanods) 

Tec 01-584 8166 



Wti h aw three vacancies tor qualified, experienced Secs wth 
Japanese. Age: 22-33. All jobs are varied and interesting and 
offer salaries ranging from £ 10,000 . £ 1 1 , 000 . 


Bfflngual Banking Sec. with fluent French to work in prestigious 
Dept. You should have good sec sWIs (E + F S/H. WP atcL 
previous work experience - 1 yr min - plus the ablfity to cope with 
a variety of tasks In an often pressurised environment. Smart 
pre sen t a tion. 22-30 yra to £10.000. 


linamatiuoarf Bank sucht elne Direknonasekretann mrt 
mehrtahnger Erfahrung. Deutsche + Engflsche Kurzschnft sowle 
pertekte Englsctt-und Deutschkennousse warden 
vorausgesetzt. mesa Po ‘ " 

pertekte Englsctt-und Deutschkenmnisse warden 
vorausgesetzt. Diese Position umfasst wantwortimgsvoie 
Autgaben. Alter 25-35. E Neg. ++ 


financial Institution in the City seeks a mature and confldent 
Secretary (25-35) who has excellent Engflsh as weU as fluent 
Dutch. Duties Indude Word Processing, telephone and 
translation work (D to E) but shorthand * not required. Same 
years secretarial experience is essential tor this attractive post 
£ Nag + super benefits! 


01-404 4434 


All vacancies open male/tamale 





TO MANAGE Breinrsi Centre between Victoria and Sloane Square. 
GOOD REMUNERATION, working condinmu and profit ilure. 

+ Pleasant and cheerful dbpoainoru 
+ Shorthand 

* ■ Orsamanimul Flair + Wort Procewing: 

* Imerest in looking after individual dienu and ibeir affain 
+ Abiluj- io supervise and develop business of personal 


Telephone Manatmr Director on (01) 730 9321. 



Junior bk or fiisi jobber (wry 
pd sh/lypl. Working hi private 
nouuehold of public figure. 
Team spirit, not a lonely job. 
working with other secretaries 
in a kneiy environment Good 
education req. wed groomed 
and mil spoken. Lots of 
prospects. Occasional travel in 
the future. Salary Lte. 

Call Mrs Byzantine 
01 222 5091 
(Oyp St James's Put Tate) 


■ ili T 1¥1 


secretary required in 
newspaper group's 
small HQ to High St 
Kensington. Good 
speeds, some 
experience. Aptitude to 
leam WP skills. Start 
around £ 10 , 000 . 

Ben Sloneham 
on 0T 938 1060 


Excel yourself now in Bus all - year - round, people - 
come - first environment. 

Luxurious SW1 hotel needs a 5-Star secretary far their 
sales office. Only the best S/H typing skills and real 
maturity could cope with this hectically successful sales 

£8.500 and a great opportunity. 

Susan Beck R 0^ R 5346242 



£9 , 500 

An exceptional but genuine career oppor- 
tunity for a lively PA/Sec to join this young 
Director forging oew paths in the challeng- 
ing world of PR/ Advertising. The Company 
is expanding rapidly and is involved in all 
aspects of advertising from location 
filming to presentations etc Excellent 
communication skills and the ability to 
communicate at all levels essential If you 
are in your early 20s and would like a real 
challenge please telephone 01-493 5787. 


RecnXmetu Ovuudrams 


has a vacancy for 


Circa £10,000 p.a. 

To take up the post arty in 1987 

WS seek to appoint an opsrwnced sscnrtav. Ptostty i gradate, who 
possesses good qw m imation aid admlnistratM stalls aid ftbo now, is 
saakmg that job wfich gms tool responsibility from A-Z. 

EHWJSnca m Bing rrirUtm af Bowd of CommUUu lerel and mnUdsnca 
afted to good sccnosrnl sWU& are prime lequkwnanls to the 
a dmrt sgati un. organisation aid co-onflraOori of several tnp n Utf 
c o mn i ii n ws admevstoed by the foya) College of Ptiytion. 

Training on Word Processor wfl be giver. 

Ite person sKxxrtBd w# form part of tlx fisgstiafs Depa t ment sum sd 
w# he meant to mate a c ontitbulion to tin wnootti nmng of the 
deo a t tii iew. 

3S-benr week. 4 weds InUay. toe tone Incest. 

Attractive otto ove 
Porflaxf Street nt 

i Regent's Perk. 3 mnrtes waft from Grad 
s Part (ntegrouid stations. 

Salary (suteea to anal and cost d living reviews) teaming to aga and 
experience. on a scila otabng to Untototy Sato. 

RCP. 11 St Andrews Race. Laodae NW1 WL 


Our Chief Executive and Director of 
Marketing Services both urgently require a 
PA/Secretary. The successful candidate will 
be articulate, accurate, smart, flexible, 
willing to get involved and have the 
capability to deal with the work load of two 
Directors. Minimum age 26 with at least 5 
years experience at Director Level. 
Attractive salary - negotiable. 

Please telephone Ros Wiltshire on 

01 549 5011 

for an immediate interview. 



Engaged in Leisure /Past Food and Property 
Companies. Offices Regent St. Wl. 

Seeks a fuBy qualified person capable of forfiDing 
all the necessary administration skills required in 
connection with this highly responsible position. 

Tel 01 439 7242 
Cindy Blunden 

College Leaver 


A wonderful opening exists for a super 
College Leaver to embark on a career in 
the effervescent world of PR/Advertising. 
If you have a lively outgoing personality 
and would like to woik in a friendly 
environment, this young, dynamic 
Company could- be for you. Good typing 
(shorthand a bonus) and a flexible 
approach are requested. Please telephone 
01-193 T78? 


Bct m rtmtt w Ccrtraftarrr, 


PosTfli investment Management Limited are tov ootmn nt 
managers for British Telecom and trie Post Office Staff 
Superannuation Schemas with investments Malting soma 
£10 billion. 

We wW shortly have a vacancy far a secretary to the 
’Finance Director. 

The successful cancMata wffl be required to carry out eti 
se c retari a l duties todudtog audio typing, organising and 
minuting meetings, travel arrangements eta. Duties w>8 also 
indude Inputting management expenses data into a micro 
! computer tor which training wffl be given 8 necessary. 

Appticants. aged between 21-35, should have worked to a 
secretarial capacity at senior level and have a good 
standard of education and a pleasant telephone manner. 

An excelerit salary Is offered plus good conditions of 

Please apply it writing with fuff saner details to; 

Sterna am. RecnBmeat M na p n 
, PosTsI I Mrt— I Hasagcmes! United, 
| Equitable Hesse, 48 Kbg M)Wm Street 

Investment M a nageme nt Ltd 


J oin dot famous ire™* firm of maaagemem 
consultants and consolidate your newly acquired 
aa e aru l stalls. You'll enjoy a friendly and 

supp ort i ve atm o sp here, modTTI n fljrvd and mining 

on the latest word proc e ss or . 90/30 skills needed. 
Please telephone 01 240 3511. 

, • Elizabeth Hunt • > 

Reouitmeot Con Softools // 

Vv 2-3 Bedford Street London WC2 


Does Y°wp , if ent m 

If fn n lodtaso c 

an okemsit «l 

oppromif wartoufl 2 

rowers sd tfwarco 28 V® 
akt ecu Mr tog I P* 
sWs ISO® «sn) ssc i good 
seas? cl ostass 



Fid Biartg sw ftgrtrtei 

aqwcf are to airw^S 

PA akahaslabBlera gwaBi 
catoww. a iwatate caag s 
on her 0*0 T1* asastiJ 
ml We RO>' 
i wMaiwl ata (Store □ 

betora a.»E. tost to* c»e 

SK «fls [W /aiwffT-1 mo W.T 
fWAKG) eqi prrtsaBB. 

P* rfojsed » wrt to 
Bnosw PmdBS iftwng 

antes rdixtog USA. Pa re. 
Fraaidijt IBsl ttB rare 
kgtatae ad a goeC saseg 

aiw.'wr Acdo 60 ware v 

Sales PmraBa 

jReewctoproce^Sec' etar ' al __ 

software tianing? ■ XeccgnK^ 

■ Pddhoiicays? „ goedper- z- ^ w ' vver 

■ Paid Bar* orce . in time you cre>ec: 

If youVe answered 2ve . 

We offer aHihs above end m«re. ~ 

CoflusnoiK i 


Vlf — 





tfM mosx > aim ten t tador. it you w you 

highly rreffiSteam. ptosse " super CHANNEL 

wip in* 

^ Fairclough Homes 


Required By London based MD of 
international Property Company. 
Salary negotiable 
C.V please to: Mr D. Watte} 

39 Hertford St, W1Y 7TG 


For young, lively and hard working design 
consultancy, to work for Managing Director and 
the Associates. 2nd jobber with excellent typing 
skills and word processing experience preferred. 
Must be organised, self motivated, enthusiastic. 
Sense of humour and interest in design 
essential. £9,500 pa + neg. 

Write frith CV ta- 

Karen Woolley, 

Peter Leonard Associates, 

IS Poland Street. 

Lomhm W1V 3DG. 

No Agencies 



As a young Marketing and Advertising Group, 
we require a dedica t ed career PA to support the 
busy Director in the running of the division. Top 
level involvement from client liaison to 
nrim inra t T Htive supervision. You'll need to be 
strong on communicat ion and long on initiative 
with first ^1»«« typing and business skills. 
Dynamic, fast moving pace, exciting work and 
high profile recognition. 

Contact Melanie Fischer 
on 01 437 9261 ext 267 





Ph o t og r a phic 
experience not 

enthusiasm, drive and 
ability to work under 
pressure - with a sense 
of humour - axe 
essential- Job involves 
some typing (must be 
accurate). Non 
smoker. Salary £9,000 
+ car allowance neg. 
Tel 435 7693 anytime 

PA £10.080 

T 1 » Manor Csccrettns and 
Otaomai of ms omsa 

Consutoncy neal ycx buWy 
pereoraKy and atom sWis to 
trie tbec thrau** 1 ttta 
g UgHJing bn tacse Cay. 
Traffic benefits- Wen 80 S/H 

Ctf Kik unoA 


-Designers are professional but 
vounn. They create ttxitoe 

■fewMts wft Walkman o>am 

n tfwr ears. You Ha ve ;W c ope 
with Hie edd blast of champers 
wtrist trznmg on tn* WP. 

adtema? Then i you 
have S/H 

Cxd Lynn Left 

Staff Introductions 
m: 01-486 6951 


Can CaraOiM We 

Staff Introductions 

TEL: 01-488 6951 



This brwd m* cjjujary 
nwris aretnaresK PA (udh 
goDtflyperi ovgemng 
■way) to wet a Assstart to 
yoong tanle MD. 
I ftn i Mp ot contaencea, 1 
■rams/ prety Dtavtag 
Rmg lOda far more datais 

01 493 5122 


£11,000 + benefits 

A superb opening for a tip-top PA to join 
.the Real Estate Direcrorof this Investment 
Company In a fast moving environment you 
will operate across many levels, liaising, 
organising and co-ordinating. As well as 
excellent skills ( 100/60+) you must show 
confidence, integrity and self-motivation. 
This is a career opening offering real 
prospects and a team environment Please 
telephone 01493 5787. 


Bt uuhm ere C c na i hnn o 

£ tag rotfSa ra-ToigaaaP "reap raW ft r kn «■" « “- 

ay resri BtoBiB«=S n iDOifltaxa. noi ircaasrg warroeg. A tari Hlucatcs tx 

ty- rangr etoy 2Bs a3t 

,0\ K + .TAT-K" ^01 283 0111 

.... ■ ■ - -.1 V V; ; ' r . 70 OLD BROAD STREET LONDON EC2 




Adventure Orariand Tour 
epa ra t o r naads ■ capable 
nature yoong person to 
c a ortfnate tbetr dna ssIbm 
butane s. It you nave got toe 
anttasaam we w* tram you 
Energy. OardbiKy end tne 
afaBy to acftieMe ttie most 
from peopla pkn tba dam 
to warn to wort as part ota 
tsam Is tfia cmty Bxpariance 
you oaaO. 

Td 01 370 6951 
.Encounter Overland 

Dream Yachts 


Cur chert designs some cl the best soil and mote* 
voctirs m the world And eoer\ time one if laLmched. 
the whole company goes obng to celebrate — be if 
m Hoitond. Jopon. Brighton? A really super com- 
pcr.y where the offices are shinning, the Capuccino 
coffee flows wirff (be champagne and the product -s 
sheer crlisiry itself. VJell-educaied herd-working 
team plover 0 Accurate skills {8D/50J? Coll now 




Reoureil In DAKS Saxostn to wort wSti a snsfl tnm in a busy office, 
itaety ol duties. Good startftzidltygng tads e wwai l ml a baflM 
tetamne nxrar. Sun first jotter. 

Please rate rah details of edecatian and any wp e rie n c e tic 
P erson ne l Executive (London) 

DAKS Simpson 

34 Jermyn Street, London SW1Y 6HS 

POe MUSK/LEGAL Trainee Sec nrmMATlaNAL Sria Sec at 
£9.000 V frtendt y bra y wi wdUnom Pritthen W.L. 
firm of Su M d l wi swk tvtgM 1 nN at mvwi arnnummiH. 
Sec/PA aged 19 m 26 to work oveneas cur t uu ier Ihtaon and 
for a jupr yoaaa trass 06) tn orsanMno nwettnoa SVH afelltt. 

Pop Mudc den Lota of dhR i fiw 21 + CBAXH-+. Caveat 
pytoa rafl very rnterr-atnc canien Bmu. HO Fleet SL 
»dtr won Awkeama moat 353 7 M 6 

nave good See *ksts wO/eot 
Min O IcvFtx and tone protore 
exp for more MUs caU Kale 
851 7372 KmoaUM PemuwL 



Seeks young and 
- enthusiastic 
secretary. Audio, 
shorthand and WP 
skills required plus a 
knowledge of French. 
Salary £6^00 pa. 
Apply, In writing, 
with e.v. to: Susan 
Dodds, JAC Travel, 
15 Albert Mews, 
London W8 5RU. 


Tbk a 1 noMop, beak 
ermionman with one of rte 
liwfica fins of American 
MungcoNfli in 

Lcnrfap. No ta anhata or 
audio but rood typing and m 
apekode fee VP together 
rah 1 knowledge of 


DjuanHc. brinmt Dhctof of 
Gtxporate Finance Is loaMng fw 
1 taoft terst PA who wants to. 
ski wfl. get nrrtwd In 
timyttwg toafs taopening. 
He’s a good deiegaorl You reed 
prav D* exp wid a caporra 

finance taefcaound. ipeedi 
100/50 and gd sen of 

rouMQ moHjrrr sk/pa 
XJjOOO plre ftwnfc perks no 
riwrered. Prestteious wi Co. 
wmi vary friendly aunoiphere 
seek Mohr bounty Sec wire 
good spelling typing! and lob at 
InUIMtre. Lois of admin and cD- 
ent W el ren wire ptenre or scope 
W loo id davafcm. Ape IB vtua. 
Ooc perka re el fro travel, or 
Kale 831 7CT2 Ungdand 

»re Xtnaa tefiervfcrws for pew 
year start in Anttrca. Bank- 

ers. Current AOain. DestwMn. 



rcTiT M 


Olractor at Property 
Company requires Sec/PA 
wtii good shorthand etc. 
to work, often on tier Own. 

4 bows daft. An 
Opportunity to become 
Involved si al aspects ot 
property devetapment and 
management ES.OOOpa + 
generous bonuses. 

im w writiiq to: 

Dami Stafflssh, 
Corral GsnhiB Graup, 
34 Hotal $L WCS 9DJ 

partcnce Can YVoono on Ol 
379 3636. 

Hovc m , the rial 
g ete a ace an A ’ leed^or 

taifa a rad ctntrity fer cffon- 
Owrrimr and weefcred wort 
which «U1 turn a banc 
tUW ^ta araft^ dottle 

offices a keep Gi gynaad 
a rtiuna aia. Age IS- 3. 

of Bond St. 

Reeroirment Contuiianis 
Ma 55 Wdrlih* 

81-123 UO* 

Circa £11,000 

Avez vous iamais revsz das 
damsits, en francais7 Etas 
vous tire experiments si 
niveau Arector et surtout 
sort vos mans cowls en 
sigUs tent qu'en frwafe? 
S vous pouvez itpondre 
out (ftoonfitemtrt) a mutes 
css questions, vorri le PA 
job d« vos songes 
trav^are pow le chef 
d'm nalswi de ioaitfiers 
vrement top noteft. Poor 
comafira ptos, vsutllez 
tatephoner a Angela 
Mortimer GIE. 

Stalls (French and English): 
100/60 Age 25-35 
West End Office 
629 9686 


Agents require parnme adnttot- 
Wrator lor brey omoe. Tel Ql 
sax 8136 



HUJOR TRUST urgently requires 
part tone Dtrrdor to complete 
Cl roll Hon appeal In West Krm_ 
Previous UAiiei leine useful but 
not eawndal. Capacity tor hard 
work, attention to detail ana 
ability to communfcale al an 
Into vflaL Apply, endostno cv 
ana sae. to Mr. C. M Mann. 18 
UdWi sneer. London WCIH 


Jidn tide top O M lg n cnnaul asnc y 
as secretary to a director . He 
aeen a PA wire good admin. 

owns io aMttr hfrn on omgn 

protects (ram beginning to end. 
Benefits Include salary review 
arra 8 memns and bonus. 
90/60 skins end wp experience 
Deeded. Ptoase Mepbone Ol 
200 361 1/3S31 (Weal End) or 
Ol MO 3661 CCWyV. EUzabeUi 
HUM nor i nil CepeuUanta. 

Ml Keith 
liar G rows 


Spacious 3 bed roomed 
fftst floor apartment set in 
superb locale. Recently 
redecorated, the property 
cfxisiste of e hall, recap. 
Hitch. 3 bed3, bathroom, 

£300 pw neg. 

^01-629 6604 , 



Required lor 

ffutawssman. References 
required. Remuneration 
and hours negotiable. 

Can between 9 - Hem. 

01-402 3797. 

TEMP To P enn - CMv based 
1/7 vestment company aeak 

young, ooigatng Admlntsirator 
la Join Research Director and 3 
A ssi stants. biWany a tempor a ry 
position there wtu be an 
oppertully tar me right pereon 
tatota them pcsiBBDenay. Heal- 
Cv to start January. Kesnoard 
■IdHs useful. Ptaasc leStohooa 
01-109 1232 The Work Sup. 


terawpraing intiM New Year and needs young 
produce hmeft «mi mwmw 
Mgh st^a^BrarxJnew modem eutroundinQs and 
very rnendfy atmosphere. 

Ptease contact Diedre or Francia on 
Oxford 581 73. 




The Times Classified 
columns are read by 1 3 
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Scholarships and Fellowships. 

La Otee de b Crest and other 
secretarial appointments. 


Computer Horizons Computer 
Appointments whh editorial. 
Legal Appointments Solicitors. 
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Officers. Private 4 Public 


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MI5 book 
enters its 
final phase 

From Stephen Taylor 

The MIS book trial is due to 
enter its final phase in the 
New South Wales Supreme 
Court today with the start of 
summing-up by laywers for 
the British Government and 
for Mr Peter Wright the 
former counter-espionage 
agent whose book it wants to 
have suppressed. 

Evidence was completed 
last week, when a compromise 
dal resolved the wrangle over 
secret Whitehall documents 
which had threatened to pro- 
tract the hearing well into the 
new year. 

Final arguments should 
now be over by Wednesday, at 
which the point the hearing 
will have lasted four and ahalf 


The British Government 
case, as counsel have made 
plain, rests entirely on the 
argument that Mr Wright is 
still bound by a duty of confid- 
entiality under which he may 
never divulge any information 
he came by as an MI5 officer. 
Mr Wright said in his sworn 
testimony last week that he 
had never heard of the duty of 
confidentiality before this 

His counsel, Mr Malcolm 
Turnbull, has tried to dem- 
onstrate that Whitehall is 
inconsistent in what intelli- 
gence material it allows to be 

Rebellion in Surinam 

Bouterse promises free 
elections as rebels 
advance on the capital 

Fron * Christopher Thomas, Paramaribo 

natS^Sid^iS Promised serious likelihood that the city 60 miles east of the 
March 19 ** flect ions b y heavily fortified chy could foil capital. Eyewitnesses say 

atieram bv ihpfL?«? SpCTate rebels in the near future, most of it is in ruins. 

Government to It IS rumoured that Colonel 

pm popular support as rebel Bouterse has moved his dril- Moengo, with apopulanon 
to advance dren to Brazil, along with large of w 2“,^ 

towards the capital amounts ofcaslL company town budt by the 

tJr,',^ n 1? l ' C ° ,onel Desi There have been several American operators of the 
2SS? j?r. **«■»!* important new developments: ba * est bau 5 1 “ m . 5® 
left-wing military dictator, a The only road through the ““Wi which has dosed 
self-promoted sergeant who dense tropical juneJeio the devastating con- 

“^edpcwer in 1980. told a east basbSi b£ the sma11 * bo ’ 

JJ™ 0 ? the centre of Army. The Government has haguered economy. 

^S^TEESSlS! S^. c S? s “ J ha P d “" During his iong speech. Col- 

KKTM I» lr 9 ilIil,g down oftbe supposed cxxst of 

be submSSw i J2K? &?th hanks of the Surinam the five-month insurgency, 

in tifMfSto^£5Sr nCllim "S? ****** Loses in timber, agricStare 

m nme lor the election. Paramaribo, even to the ex- and tourism topped the list In 

which they 

Saleymanoglu a* 1560 

Supporters of the opposition NAR at a Put of Spain rally acrlaiming a speech fay its leader, Mr A N R Robinson, right. 

Calypso message for Trinidad voters 

From Jeremy Taylor 
Fort of Spain 

Trinidad and Tobago is 
voting today in a general 
election which may put an end 
to 30 years of continuous rale 
by the People's National 

To the strains of a calypso 
called ‘‘Vote dean out”, the 
bandwagon of the opposition 
National Alliance for Recon- 
struction gathered pace last 
week. Opinion poOs were giv- 
ing the party a dear lead, and 
large crowds were responding 
enthusiastically to the boasts 
of the NAR leader, Mr A N R 
Robinson, that Trinidad and 

Tobago was seeing “a great 
movement of spiritual reju- 
venation, spiritual rebirth'". 

However, the PNM had 
begun to make Bp some of the 
lost ground last week and has 
a substantial 26-10 majority in 

Pointing to its sot successive 
election victories since 1956, 
the party began r unning full- 
page press advertisements 
threatening the NAR with 
“more tides in ’86", presenting 
the Prime Mimster, Mr 
George Chambers — much 
criticized tor his aloof style — 
as a caring figure who stands 
for stability and security, and 

attacking the NAR as a “sin- 
ister alliance of three leaders” 
who “changed their 

minds, changed their stories 
and changed their parties”. 

The NAR was formed last 
year from three rival opposi- 
tion parties, two of whose 
leaders had to step aside to 
make way for Mr Robinson: 
the sugar workers’ leader, Mr 
Basdeo Panday, and a former 
Attorney General, Mr Kail 
Hudson-PhOlips, who has jost 
spend nine months success- 
fully leading the prosecution in 
the Maurice Bishop murder 
trial in Grenada, and who says 
be Is not interested in min- 

isterial office zf the NAR wins. 

Mr Robinsou is a mDd- 
mai mered lawyer, aged 59, a 
Tobagonian, and a founder of 
the PNM. He became Finance 
Minister and Foreign Min- 
ister under Dr Eric Williams 
before resigning from the 
party in 1970. He became an 
opposition MP for Tobago and 
chairman of the Tobago House 
of Assembly when it was set up 
in 1980. 

The major issues in today’s 
voting are the desirability of 
change and the growing un- 
employment, officially run- 
ning at 17 per cent as the 
economy contracts. 


emotional harangue about the 
economic devastation the 

Colonel Bouterse: seeking 
popular support, 
rebels were inflicting in their 
rapid sweep through most of 
eastern Surinam. He said the 
people thought the military 
was opposed to democracy, 
but that was not true. 

His promises must be re- 
garded with scepticism, how- 
ever. He previously est- 
ablished a timetable for 
restoring democracy by early 
1987, a move dearly cal- 
culated at the time to court a 
renewal of Dutch aid. But The 
Netherlands was not con- 
vinced, nor is it likely to be 
this time. 

The rally, attended by about 
2,000 people, dearly dem- 
onstrated the near-panic that 
has gripped the Government 
as several hundred untrained, 
ill-equipped guerrillas con- 
tinue their seemingly in- 
exorable march across the 
country from a stronghold on 
the eastern border with 
French Guiana. 

Tension is beginning to rise 
rapidly in Paramaribo, even 
though there seems to be no 

And the missionary airline. 
Missionary Aviation Fellow- 
ship, has been grounded, for 
fear that its planes could fan 
into the hands of the rebels. 

Amid the deepening crisis 
the United States has put 
American citizens on “Phase 
One” status, an advance warn- 
ing that they may be called to 
quit the country under a 
“Phase Two” aim. Most of 
the 150 to 200 US citizens are 
missionaries or embassy per- 

The Surinam- Government 
has deariy been stunned by' 
tbe Dutch Government’s ann- 
ouncement that it has drawn 
up contigency plans to evac- 
uate its 6,000 wnfmnalit The 
military rulers are now con- 
vinced that The Netherlands, 
which granted independence 
in 1975, is sympathetic to tbe 

It is convinced, too, that 
France favours the incursion. 
While paying lip service to 
non-interference and neutral- 
ity, it is certainly apparent that 
Ranee is turning a Wind eye 
to the activities of Ronny 
Bronswijk, the rebels’ leader, 
who was bodyguard to Colo- 
nel Bouterse until about 18 
months ago, when he quit the 
Army over a pay dispute. 

He operates without inter- 
ference from a base at 
Stodmau’s Island on the con- 
fluence of the Marowgne and 
Laws rivers, on the balder 
with French Guiana. There 
are no roads to the densely 
forested area, nor is there an 
airstrip near by. For Sergeant 
Bnmswyk, a bush Negro, it is 
natural terrain. 

It is now dear that In an 
attack just over two weeks ago 
Sergeant Rrunswyk’s Suri- 
namese Liberation Army dev- 
astated Moengo, the second 

an opviDUS aucuipi 10 piay 

down the closure of the 
Moengo bauxite mine, he put 
bauxite losses almost at the 
bottom of his list, just above 
the cost of “evacuating” civil- 
ians from the east 
The National Assembly, 
now given the task of prepar- 
ing a constitution, is an un- 
elected advisory body of 
government-approved repre- 
sentatives of industry, trade 
unions, the chamber of com- 
merce, die Army’s "25 Feb- 
ruary Movement” and three 
political parties that have 
cautiously re-formed in the 
past year. 

Defector is Death for 

of pirates 

Bangkok — A court at 
Songkhla in southern Thai- 
land has sentenced Mesa 
Sukchan, the skipper of a Thai 
fishing boat, to death for 
pirate attacks on Vietnamese 
boat refugees (Neil Kelly 

He is the first Thai to 
receive the death sencence fin- 
piracy involving Vietnamese 
boat people. 

Mesa Sukchan was con- 
victed of robbing, raping and 
murdering refugees at sea two 
months aga The court said he 
was responsible for the death 
of one refugee and the dis- 
| appearance of eight others. 

| His crew of three were 
i Imprisoned for periods of 11 
I to 22 years. 

Gang raid 

Rome (AP) - Eight armed 
bandits made off with 9 billion 
lire (£4.5 million) from the 
train station post office in 
Palermo, after gagging and 
binding 10 clerks. 

Caught out 

Paris (Reuter) — Reach 
police have recaptured Andre 
Bellaicbe, aged 36, and Gian 
Luigi Esposito, aged 30, who 
staged a dramatic escape from 
an Italian prison by helicopter 
last month. 

Heart first 

Genoa (AP) - Surgeons 
have replaced the defective 
aorta of a seven-year-old boy 
with a synthetic tube, an 
operation believed to be the 
first of its kind in the world, 
according to Italian 

Royal visit 

Madrid (Reuter) - King 
juan Carlos and Queen Sofia 
left Madrid yesterday for sate 
visits to Nigeria and Zim- 
babwe, signalling Spam s de- 
sire to improve toojg-negJecied 
ties with black Africa. 

Coast tragedy 

Delhi (Reuter) - About 30 
people drowned when then- 

S collided wifo awte* 

vessel and sank only 16 yards 
{ton Efephanta Island off tbe 
Bombay coast. 

Hackers held 

Wiesbaden (Reuter) - Pol- 

; - Seiwwwl com " 

,ce «r -h-ickeis” fflid to have 
P u .*^ , i* the Frankfurt 

dense of evil pervades villa where emperor is said to nave iea people w 

Bokassa awaits judgement 
on a murderous regime 

I nmu 

From Philip Jacobson, Bangui Central African Republic 

. A full and final reckoning of 
uriamy awaits Jean-Bedel 
Bokassa when his trial re- 
sumes today in the capital 
where he once sat on a throne 
of gold as self-prodaimed 
Emperor of the Central Af- 
rican Republic. 

.Into the sweltering court 
room of the Palais de Justice 
win troop a succession of 
witnesses ready to provide a 
wraith of fine detail to back up 
the four closely-typed pages of 
charges a gainst him. From 
torture to mass murder, from 
poisoning to cannibalism. We 
are to hear it all from the 
fnouths of those who claim to 
have observed their former 
emperor disposing of his sub- 
jects as casually as a man 
might swat flys. 

It is the stuff of nightmares, 
and in preparation for that, I 
made the short trip to the 
place where, the prosecution 
claims, so many of these 
atrocious events occurred. 
The Villa Kolongo was one of 
Bokassa's luxurious private 
retreats, guarded day and 
night by men from his own 
tribe, M'Baka. Its glittering 
chandeliers, silver dinner ser- 
vices and marble pools bad 
cost his impoverished nation a 
small fortune. 

When Bokassa, now aged 
65, was overthrown by French 
paratroopers seven years ago 
(he was visiting Colonel 
Gadaffi at the time), the Villa 
Kolongo was swiftly looted of 
everything moveable. Yet an 
almost palpable sense of evil 
lingers on in the duster of 
decaying bungalows at the end 
of a dirt road. 

A. wizened little man in a 
faded Beaties T-shirt scampers 
through the solid-steel front 
gate, announcing himself as 
the official guide to the cham- 
ber of horrors within. He must 
have done it many times 
before, but has lost none of his 
enthusiasm for the drama. 
“’Imagine, monsieur, that you 
are here on your knees before 
the emperor, 1 ” he begins, 
gesturing to the dais where 
Bokassa would sit in judge- 
ment on those who had dis- 
pleased him. “You are praying 
for mercy, but he drinks more 
whisky and laughs, then the 

guards drag you off to the 
lions' den over there.” 

There were two lions, it 
seems, male and female, kept 
in separate cages behind a 
little fountain that once 
flowed with perfumed water. 
Those condemned by Bokassa 
would be forced to wait be- 
tween them, sometimes for 
hours in mortal terror, for the 
moment when the beasts were 

The vigorously mimed an- 
ecdote followed. “Once, the 
emperor accused his lion 
keeper of stealing their meat 
and ordered that he should be 
fed to them instead. But 
monsieur, they did not fall 
upon this man. they would noi 
harm him.” Seeing this, 
Bokassa had cursed the lions 
from his throne. “Then he had 
the keeper thrown to the 


Bokassa. the emperor accused 
of swatting men like flies. 

crocodiles in the pool you can 
see over there.” 

Birds are singing sweetly in 
the lush vegetation rapidly 
overrunning the Villa Kolon- 
go as we enter a whitewashed 
room with channels cut into 
the concrete floors. The guide 
throws open the door of an 
enormous cold store. One 
knows what is coming, but it 
still shocks. “Here many, 
many people were kilted and 
the corpses cut up, yes. butch- 
ered like cattle, to be served at 
the emperor’s table. Mon- 
sieur, their remains were 
washed away down these 
sluices beneath your feet.” 

He beckons towards an- 
other huge fridge, pilch-black 
Inside, a Toul mustiness in the 
air. “Go in," he urges. “Tliis is 
where they hung the bodies.” 

It is a considerable relief to 
escape back to the swimming 
pool at my hotel on the banks 
of the broad Oubangui river. 
There, Bokassa's two defence 
lawyers from Paris — tall and 
lean Maitre Szpiner, small and 
round Maitre Gibault — are 
holding court for visiting 

Their client has been held in 
the military jail at Camp de 
Roux, a stronghold overlook- 
ing the city, since he flew back 
from disconsolate exile in 
France in October. Apparently 
anticipating the sort of wel- 
come his great hero, Na- 
poleon, once received, Bo- 
kassa had packed his gpld- 
encrusted marshal's uniform 
and his many decorations. 

“The old man is cheerful 
enough and looking forward 
to confronting his accusers in 
court.” declares Maine Szpi- 
ner flom the shallow end. Lew 
Grade-size cigar in his mouth. 
“We are entering a plea of not 
guilty to ah charges, these fairy 

tales about human bodies 
stuffed with rice which so 
excite you people.” What 
about the cash, the millions 
Bokassa is alleged to have 
stolen from the nation, the 
two missing crowns of di- 
amonds, the solid gold suit- 
case that disappeared? No 
problem, says Maitre Szpiner, 
we have answers for every- 

It is somewhat unusual, the 

lawyers concede, to be defend- 
ing Bokassa in the very same 
court where, six years ago on 
Christmas Eve. be was con- 
victed and sentenced to death 
in absentia on much the same 
panoply of charges confront- 
ing him now (sly others ac- 
cused with him, including a 
son-in-law, were subsequently 

There is a different judge for 
this new trial, M Edouard 
Frank. He had previously 
served the. Bokassa regime, 
but then, as Maitre Szpiner 
observes, which of todays 
high officials and senior mili- 
tary men did not, really? The 
President of the Central Af- 
rican Republic, M Andre 
Kolingba, was one of the 
emperor's numerous generals; 
his official photograph hangs 
in the hotel lobby, five large 
gold stars on one sleeve, heavy 
gold chain around his neck, 
gold-ripped baton under one 

What Bokassa has to say 
about his old courtiers re- 
mains to be seen. Despite the 
brutish reputation and bizarre 
ways, be always had a shrewd 
understanding of his own 
people and, the lawyers cau- 
tioned, the memory of an 
elephant for “irregularities 
involving others”. 

This is taken to mean, 
above all, the former French 
President, M Giscard d’Es- 
taing. He and Bokassa, once 
great chums, took hunting 
trips together . in the game 
reserves here. “France's best 
friend in Africa,” M Giscard 
had declared, before the affair 
of the diamond and ivory he 
was in the habit of accepting 
from the emperor blew up into 
a damaging political scandal 
back home. 

Bokassa has never hidden 
his bitterness about the 
“betrayal” that toppled him 
from power. Will he now 
repeat his previous wounding 
allegation about M Giscard's 
conduct in open court? Is it 
true that other prominent 
figures in France, as yet 
unname d, were also the happy 
recipients of imperial gifts? 
Maitre Szpiner does his Gallic 

“Please remember that our 

Jean-B£del Bokassa, former ruler of the Central African Republic, entering the court house 
in ifangm nnder armed escort at the beginning of his trial on November 26. 

dient has served France with 
great distinction as a soldier 
and carries with pride the 
medals pinned on him by 
General de Gaulle. Such a 
man has the right to defend his 
honour as he sees fiL" 

Even if the old soldier is 
found guilty, it is highly 
debatable whether he will ever 
face the firing squad. The 
parents of the children (more 
than 100 by some count) 
whom Bokassa is said to have 
had beaten to death, for 
protesting against his decree 
ordering them to buy school 
uniforms from his wife’s fac- 

tory, may still be thirsting for 
vengeance. But to the extent 
that any outsider can estab- 
lish, the ordinary people har- 
bour very little hatred for the 
ruler who once held their lives 
in the palm of his hand. To 
them, he is simply a man, once 
great, now laid low, who 
missed his own country so 
much that he returned to die 
at home, sooner or later. 

As for those in power now. 
the impending trial is not 
exactly an occasion for rejoic- 
ing. whatever President KoV- 
ingba may say publicly about 
the need to “exorcise for ever 

the evil demons of the 
dictatorship”. Having taken 
the commendable decision to 
bring Bokassa before an open 
civilian court, who knows 
what skeletons, some perhaps 
real, may then tumble out of 
the cupboard? 

And if he is finally con- 
victed, what then? Shoot him 
like the others and risk creat- 
ing a martyr of the supposed 
monster? How much better it 
would have been, perhaps, if 
the sometime Emperor. Presi- 
dent for life, Commander-in- 
Chief and more besides, had 
only stayed away. 

Thai anti-opium troops 
destroy poppy fields 

Kurds held in Palme case 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 

The Thai Army has sent 
extra troops into opium -grow- 
ing areas of three northern 
provinces after the discovery 
of thousands of leaflets urging 
opium formers to rebel against 
the Army's opium eradication 

Soldiers flying into moun- 
tainous opium fields by heli- 
copter are now destroying 
thousands of acres of poppies. 

The leaflets, supposedly 
written by leaders of the hill 
tribe formers, say the Army 
dans to force the formers 
from their traditional moun- 
tain areas down to the low- 
lands, where opium poppies 

From Neil Kelly, Bangkok 

ny has sent do not grow well. Thai of- 
opium-grow- finals say there is no such plan 
ee northern and that the leaflets are the 
he discovery work of dealers, 
raftets urging More than 6,000 acres of 
rebel against opium poppies will be de- 
a eradication stroyed in the operation which 
is largely financed by dona- 
into moun- tions from the American, 
elds by hell- West German and Norwegian 
' destroying governments. Thai officials 
s of poppies, claim that nearly 20 per cent 
supposedly less Gpium is being grown this 
•s of the hill year compared with last, 
y the Army Large plantations of mari- 
the formers juana are being destroyed in 
ionai moun- other areas of Thailand, where 
to the low- its production has recently 
ium poppies increased enormously. 

Two Kurdish immigrants 
were arrested at die weekend 
and interrogated in connection 
with the assassination of Olof 
Palme, the Swedish Prime 
Minister, earlier this year. 

The two men were taken 
into custody after fighting 
broke out between groups of 
Kurds In a jazz dob in 
Stockholm's Old Town, where 
Mr Palme had lived. 

Six shots were fired at 
police and one of the arrested 
men was also aimed with a 
knife. . 

The public prosecutor, Mr 
Claes Zeime, was called to 
police headquarters after the 
interrogation, a move that 
could indicate that charges 

were being brought against 
one or both men. 

The men, who have not been 
named, belong to the Marxist 
Kurdish Workers’ Party, tiro 
of whose members are serving 
life sentences for the murder in 
Sweden of political opponents. 

They are aged 23 and 26 
respectively, the older man 
already listed as a suspected 
terrorist by security police 
with orders to report to the 
police every day in Solleotana, 
the suburb of Stockholm 
where he lives. 

Foot people were treated for 
injuries after the fight in the 
dub, Stampen. The men ran 
from the dob when staff called 
the police and were arrested 

after a hunt through the 
winding, cobbled streets of the 
Old Town. 

It was during this bunt that 
the older man fired at his 
pursuers with a 7.65-calibre 
Beretta pistoL 

His jacket pockets were 
stuffed with ammunition, pol- 
ice said, and at one point he 
tried to reload the gun. 

Police working on the Palme 
murder would not comment on 
the arrests, yesterday, bnt it 
has been known for some time 
that their “main theory” 
concerning the murder of Mr 
Patane is that it was the work 
of a Kurdish fait squad in 
revenge for tire jailing of two 
Kurds on nrarder charges. 

Basque terrorists free 
after raid on Pau jail 

From Susan MacDonald, Paris 

Three French Basques, dre- 
ssed as gendarmes, took the 
director of Pau prison, his 
daughter and son-in-law hos- 
tage late on Saturday night 
and freed two jailed terrorists, 
police said yesterday. 

Jean Gabriel Mouesca and 
Marie-France Heguy, both in 
their twenties, are self-de- 
dared militant members of 
Iparreranak. an oiganization 
pledged to obtaining indepen- 
dence for the Basque country. 
The group is. said by police to 
consist of only a handful of 
people, of whom five now 
remain in jail. 

The two prisoners and their 

liberators got away in three 
cars, taking their hostages with 
them. The hostages were 
found unhurt within hours, 
along with the cars. 

Police set up an operations 
centre in Pau to co-ordinate 
efforts to capture the escaped 
prisoners and their rescuers, 

Gabriel Muesca is a well- 
known Iparretarrak figure 
who has been serving a five- 
year prison sentence for his 
part in deliberately setting fire 
to a tourist villa in Ascain in 

The presumed leader of that 
operation, Philippe Bidart, 
has never been captured. 




From Ian Murray 

Supporters of the Palestine 
Liberation Organization , n 
Israel have condemned an 
attemot last Friday night to 
Sb mi elderly religious Jew o 
itanh near the walls of the Old 
Ciiv of Jerusalem. 

The condemnation is the 
first of its kind and shows that 

moderate PLO leaders want to 

distance themselves 1 ram the 
kind of violent acts which 
have made the organization 
unacceptable as t he true repre* 
tentative of the Palestinian 

^The stabbing victim was Mr 
David Lipshitz. an ultra 
orthodox Jew. aged t>6. who 
was on his way home in his 
distinctive dress from the 
Western (Wailing) w-all after 
saving prayers there on Sab- 
bath evening. As he came to 
the Damascus Gate two men 
slabbed him in the stomach. 

Mr Lipshitz staggered up to 
another ultra orthodox Jew 
and said: “I don't feel well. I 
was stabbed by an Arab. He 
collapsed and was taken to 
hospital, where he is now said 
to be out of danger. 

Perhaps because it was Sab- 
bath evening there was no 
time for Israeli leaders to 
make angry public statements, 
as happened last month when 
a Jewish Bible College student 
was stabbed to death in the 
Old City. Leading Palestinians 
agreed to issue a statement be- 
fore there was an official 

It read: “We consider this 
act to directly contravene the 
civilized context of our legiti- 
mate Palestinian struggle and 
we also consider it to be in 
complete contradiction to the 
humanist principles and re- 
ligious laws in which we be- 
lieve. While we totally reject 
such acts, we also deplore at- 
tempts by the Israeli media to 
connect them to the Palestin- 
ian national struggle.” 

Among the signatories were 
Mr Faisal Husseini. head of 
the .Arab Studies Society. Mr 
Hanna Siniora. editor of the 
pro-PLO newspaper, Al Fair. 
and Professor Sari Nusseibeh, 
from Bir Zeit University, 
where two students were shot 
dead by Israeli soldiers 10 
days ago. starting a wave of 
protest throughout the occu- 
pied territories. 

In the past there has been 
strong Israeli criticism of 
Palestinian leaders for refus- 
ing categorically to condemn 
acts of terrorism. Mr Hussei- 
ni, who was one of the organ- 
izers of the statement, said 
yesterday: “We must find the 
courage to say it was wrong.” 

Mr Teddy Koilek, the 
Mayor of Jerusalem, said he 
regarded the stabbing as more 
dangerous than a real terrorist 
attack because it underlined 
the personal animosity of the 
younger Arab population. 

Significantly, the con- 
demnation was drawn up by 
the elder statesmen of the Pal- 
estinian movement, not by the 
leaders of the students and 
youngsters who have been 
demonstrating angrily against 
the occupation. 


H AMBASSADORS 01-836 6111 CC 
836 1171. First Can IM ttnf 7 
day?) 2«o 7200 Wig foeX Eves 
7.30. Wed mat 3. Sal 4 & 8 
IAN HALL 628 8795/658 Sfcah- ya— C i MM Ti 


John Dantwonh Winn er 4 -VEST PLAY" amrti 

BARBICAN HALL 628 8795/658 
8891. Ton' I 7. IS JAZZ SYM- 

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wtiti John Dankworth 

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and the Dankworth Trio. 

31BV CC 928 8800 Tonight 
7.30pm LPO Mr Caere* SMB. 
Mm ScMtf. BartaA: Plano 
Concerto NoJ. M aM ar . Sym- 


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aiapM nears avail on the day 
Dta ZmlwM* Tamar 7.00 


nm can cc zanr 7 day 20 c 

7200 Until 27 Dec. Eves 7.MX 
Mats Today A Sal SJSO 


Hm Boy Who Oram Too Fad 

cartttdi Premiere > A 

AMAHL A ThoMchl VUton. 

01-278 0886 for Winter Opera 


ADELPM 856 761 1 or 240 791 3 
/« CC 741 9999/836 7358/379 
6433 Orp Sales 930 6123 First 
Can 24hr 7 day CC SdO 7200 ibfag 



MSMty 41 7.30 Mate Wert al 2.30 
6 Sal 4 30 A 8.00 

Hi TOWH— S Express 

ALBERT 240 7999 CC 379 6665/ 
3796433/741 9999/Grps836 
3962. 1.30 A 4.16 daily. For 3 
wits rrm Tomer David Wood’s 
A Musical Play for ctiUdren. 
From the book by HRH The 
Prince of Wales 

ALBERT 836 3878 CC 379 6565/ 
379 6433/ 741 9999 Group 
S ales 83 6 3962. Eves 8pm 



Tickets avail Dec 23 at 3pm. 
Oec 26. 27 m 4pm 


434 3698 First Can 01-240 7200 
Ttcketnusur CC 379 6433 
Motv-FK 8. Sal 4.30 A 8.15 I 
Than Mats 3 Dec 24 mat only. 
No perf Dec 23. Doc 26 0pm pert 

HmIMH Oaoaadv TWfonaw 
al foe Yaar - L a ar sa r s Ofhfar 
Awards 1988 



“Wonder! idly runny*’ D.Exp 

CC 630 6262 Party Bkgs 828 
6188 First Call CC 12467) 240 
6433 Grp Salas 930 6123. Tkt9 
from W H Smllti Travel Branches. 
Eves 7*6 Mata Tue A Sat 30 


Music by 

Lyrics by RICHARD Snuooe 
Directed by TREVOR NUNN . 
FOR RE TURNS Special canoes 
Nobs al £5 on Turn mats (or 


1145pm Wad 17 Dac Hal hex 

No port 24fo Dac 

BARBICAN Ol 628 S79G/658 
8891 cc (Mon-Sun tOam-epm; 



Price ports Toni 4 Tomnr 
7.30. Wed 7.00. Thur* 2 OO 4 
John Whiting. MISALLIANCE 
by Shaw returns 19 A 20 Dec. 
THE PIT TOUT A Wed 7.30. 
lomor 7.00 . Thurs 2.00 A 7.30 
NH tSm bv Deborah Levy. 
PKMCJPIA SOarranu by 
RKhard Ndsoa returns 19 A 20 

CHUK WOH S 930 3216 CC 379 
6565/379 6433/741 9999. OTPS 
836 3962. Evgs 8.00. Tim mal 
2-50- Sal 6-50 A 9-30 

D MaH 

The Theatre or Comedy Company! 



Written and directed by 

Over 1400 alia la M fo rt Perth 

Good seals avail Thurs mats. 

9662 ALL tel CC Mr FIRST 
CALL 24 nr 7 day on 836 2428 NO 
BOOKING FEE Orp Sales 930 








Mon-Ftl 7-30 Thu MM 230 Sat 4 
A 8.15. At Thurs mats only -'The 
Rode Star- will be performed by 
SIONS at E7 an perfe except Fri A 
Sal eves for DAP's. UB'-Ov. stu- 
dents A under 16% avail 1 hr 
before peri. Reduced prices Thurs 
_ mais only E7 A £10 
_ Hear Haalflaa Is Apr* *87. 
BpadM Xmas mats THta Z3 A Fit 

836 9837/741 9999/379 6433 
24br 240 7200. Eves 8, Thu 3. 
Sal 5 A 8.30 


Diw J.994 


HR Comedy by RKhard Harris 
Directed by Julia McKenzie 



FORTUNE BO/CC 836 2238/9 
I Aw F.CALL 7day 24hr 240 
7200.8*9 tee) Orta 930 6123. 

PM UK stags varalaa 
SJUL TaBdant 

Today al 10.30am A T.SOPdl 
Mon- Fri at 2pm A 7.30pra 
Sat apip. epm A Bpm. 

GARflKM S 01 379 6107. 1st Call 
2« /hr 7 day 240 7200. Cm Sales 
930 6 123. Tteketmaster 379 6433 
Eves 7.30. Sal GAS Turn mat at 


-Class of Ifteir own” Sid 


by Keith Waterhouse 
Directed by Ned Stearin 

“The bast caaadr to reach the 
Wert EM IMa year” Times 
No perf Cbrtsonas Eve 

MOT MAJB3TYS Haymartwt 839 
379 6131 First CUD CC 240 


MAYFAIR a CC 629 3036. Mon- 
Tbu 8 Fri /Sat 5.40 * 8.10 


**T1m Bast Tkrfltar for yaws” SM 


“An unabBMw d winner” S Exp 

H e lda y Bale 
•aas Mob 22 

mKDOW PALLADIUM 437 7373. 
741 9999 mo bkg feei. Fir* Call 
24 Hr 7 Day CC 240 7200. (NO 
Ml FEE) Cm Sales 930 6123. 
Tlcfcenrastrr 379 6433 
OVER 258 PCRFS el 





Moo-Fil 7.3a Mats Wed 2.00 
Sat 230 A 8.00 
SUM concessions avail, at door 
Mon-Frl A Sal roan 
Xm Eve 7.30. No mat 
New haaUaB to April 2S, 18S7 

5868 1st CMl 240 7200 379 6433 
741 9999 Qrp sales 930 6123 
K enneth Gtahanw*s wonderful 


OPENS TODAY. Twice dolly 2 A 
6, Dec 24 Ham A 2pm 



see SEPARATE ENT R I E S under 
COTTESLOC. ExrtOenl cheap 
seats days or pad Ml theaira 
rrom lO am. RESTAURANT (92a 
2033). EASY CAB PARK, Info 
633 0880. AM COKD 

405 0072 CC OPEN ALL HOURS! 
379 6433-TktS from W H SmUft 
Travel Bronrtws. Eves 7.46 Tue 6 

Sat 3.00 A 7M 



405 1567 or 930 6123. NOW. 
Seals auanatde tat Jan 
Extra Mats Dec 22 * Jan 2 at 3pm 

PICCADILLY 437 4506 CC 379 
6568/ 379 6433/ 200 7200. 
Group Sales 930 61 23/ 836 3962 
Eves Bum. wed man 3. Sms 4.30 
A 8.15 

-A Master Clown" Times 


The Fanhlast Maska I 

-Brand fare* with Stephen 
Sondheftnl topob” D-Mril 



24 Dec 3nm only. 26 Dec aura. No 
pert a s Dec. 


COMEDY 01 379 5399 OCOl 379 
6433/741 9999- First Can 24 hr 
240 72000*0 feel. Gn> Sales 930 

Mon-Frl 8. Wed 3. Sal 5 . 15 A B^O 


-if i i’m laughter you’re after. 
Ibeo die fun cornea nowhere 
thicker and faster” Sid 
A Comedy by Ken Ludwig 
Directed by David Gilmore 
No part Xmas Eva 



8230 CC 379 6665/6433 TH lO 
Jaa Eva 8pm. Sal mats Som 

ALDWYCH 01 8366404/0641 <x 
Ol 3T3 6233. 01 741 9999 


A National Theatre Production 
-Humour at lla besL a n(h and 
loving producum" Dally Mall “A 
beautifully shaped family 
comedy" TUhM ’’ li win run lor a 
long time” Time Out 
Evm Man Fri 7.30 Mals Weds 
3.0 Safe 5.00 « 8.3 0 1 First Call 24 
hr 7 day cc Ol 240 7200 mo bkg 
feel Ttckel master 01 379 6433,no 
Dkg feel OF Sale* 01 930 6123 

Bloomsbury, Gordon SI. wci 
387 9629 CC 380 1453. Open 
Tomor. Eves Turn. Mats Wrd A 
OP MR TOAD. Tfce 5»athBna 
New FaaMy Maalual. 

OJWJCWU. Brom ley 460 6677 
Hudd. Roger de COturey A 
Noowe Bear. BUI Pertwee. Lyn 


CC 340 7300/379 $433/741 
9999 Gn» 930 6123 

"A MVtrii acNos partnarsMp'* 





A Comedy by Richard Ham-. 


N of the w 

"Thr opplarac of rapturous 
recognition" D Mail 
••Vrrv funny indeed" S E*m 
Mon Thu 8 Fri/ Sal 5 30 A 8.30 


Winner af jR Hm hart 
Maalcal Awards far 1954 










Evfo 8.0 Mat* Wed 3.0. Sal &0 A 
8.30 Reduced price mol Weds. 
Students and GAP's standby 
Group Sam 930 6123 
Special mallnee Dec 26 3pm 

DUCHESS S 836 8243 CC 240 
9648 CC 379 6433 * CC 24 
hr/7 day 240 7200 EXw a Wed 
mat 3 Sat S A B 

WE’RE B i u r m i 

CLOSE 01-437 3667 cc 741 9999 
1st Can 340 7200 24 nr 7 day Cbfcg 
feei Grp Sales 930 612S 

R um 14 IsiTy 
AWARD - OMv Awards >K 


Ul L ■te a’ s "UirUUira" Obs 

ar a uaDM al pa 

Marie Espart - Beet Dire c tor 

Standard Drama Awards 

7756. First Call cc 24tirs WO 
7200 rom feel Eves 7 . 45 . Mats 
Sal 2J50. Tom at 7.0. Dec 26 al 
4-0* 7.46 NKMT MUST FALL 
by Emlim W interns. 

HAMPSTEAD 722 9301. Eves 8. 
SM Mil 4.30. HXUNC THE 
pnif. A Mew Cieidy by 
P e ter rape. "Glorious hfgh- 
fom performances from 
pal li a te Lsmfefl and David 
I fe t M T T imes. "Very 
JAN 3 


Box office ACC 01-930 9832. 1st 
Call 24hr/7 day cr bJiga 240 7200 
TkAetmaner 579 6433 Eves 7.30 
Wed A Sal mao 2.30pm 

“A Tnfy — ineiting 

Performance** S. Thurs 


bv HUSH WHrmtQftE 
Ilia n s David babel tea 

ntrhsaf engt 


Mb Pnfs Chrtsirnos Eve 

LYRIC THEATRE Shaftesbury 
Ave Wl 01-437 3686/7 01-434 
1580. 01-434 1050. 01-734 



"A brilliant A teyously 
comic pm fori nance" F Times , 

The National Theatre's acclaimed 
production or 



’’Heartbreaklngly funny" Odn 
"Hilarious. " 5 Times 
-A rare evening of 
comic eKMIaratkm" Times 
Evgs 730, Mate Wed and Sat 3.0. 
Group sales 01-930 6123. 

Reduced price dims Student & 
OAP Stand-by 

Firel CaB Zdbr 7 day e* bsaUacs 

oa Ol 240 7200 [as basklwa tea) 
•ne mte* — I bir Ol 379^ 6433 (as 

APRIL -87 

LYTTELTON -S’ 928 2252 CC 
[National Theatre's proscenium 
Stage) Dreview* Thor. Fri. sat 
7.J5 A Jan 2. 3. 5. 6 Hi 745. 
Opens jan 7 at 7 00. Then Jan 
0 at 7 4&. COMMC M TO LAND 

by Slcphm Poliakoff Man 7 A 8 

MAYFAIR 01 629 3037 
Unui Jan 3 
Twite daily 2.0 A 4.0 
Weds A Sate 1030. 2.0 & 4.0 




' by dare Boothe Luce 
“AD female ifby *» MMuamf 

| Times. -Witty, wicked women's 
world- &Exn. “STYLISH. STAR- 
STUDDED pftoDacnoii” D 
Mirror „ 

JAN 10 

OLD VIC 928 7616 cc 251 1821 
Previews from 14 Jaa. Opens 20 
Jan at Tpm _ 


OLIVIER -S’ 928 M62 CC <Nb- 
Hotel Theatres open Rage) 
Wed 7.16. Owns Thur 7.0 0. 
Fn. Sol 7.15 THE AMERICAN 
CLOCK a vaudeville by Amur 
Miller. Fri 2.00. Sal 1030 am 


fin* Call 24Hr 7Dav ee 240 7200 
Grp Sum 930 6123. Tka rrom 
W H Smith Travel a ranchea 


Evw 7.30 Mao Thu A Sat MO 
MB Eafen daWmae mate 22 B 25 

Dac al 2-2Q Loire omen not ad- 
mitted onui the interval 


New feeekln b San* 17 

734 8951 First Call 24 Hr 7 Days 
cc Booking 836 3464 Crp Safes 
930 6123. Mon-Sat 7.30 Mate 
Thurs A sm 2.50 


S H OW” Newsweek 

Haw iailte te M mfc 28, TO 7 


Same mate araH 24 Dae 7 JO A 

/S cc HoUtnr 930 0844/5/6. Grp 
Sales 930 6123. Keith Prow* 
741 9999. ■nowmasfer 379 5433 
iFlnt Can 84 hour. 7day C NO BKB 
FEE) 240 7200 


wun me TV snow stars 
“IT, an mmmou al (fee eate al 

iMBta* D exp. Eves. 8. Fri 4( Sal 
530 & 8-40 EXTRA PERFS 30 A 
31 Dec at 2JO 



ROYAL COURT 8 CC 730 1745/ 
1867 ee 24hr 7 day 240 WOO 
OM fee) Item Sal Eves Snm. 
Sal Mai 4pm Mat Steele 
presents A MOUTHFUL OF 
BBW» by Cbji Chureua A Da - 
Vt6 Lan. 

2854 UaM Sal Euee . 7. 3ft Sat 
Mate 330 BYRTHRfTB by La- 

CC 379 6219. 8360479. Fl r«tt Call 
84 hr 7 day f no bkg fee) aao T200. 
Keiui Prewar 741 9999 fno bkg 
feel Ore Safes 930 6123. Eves 
I Mon-Frl 8pm. Sat 5 * 8 30. wed 
Mate Sum No nerfe Dec 2* * 26 
I Extra Mai Turn 23 Dec 3n<n 


A Mystery Thriner for 
- an ilu Family 


Directed by BRYAN FORBES 
M B— Mn c <*M * 5 teotb* for *ur- 
prfea Afef nH/' D.Mall. *Sn the 


»vlah new Producti on 


adapted by SIMON MOORE 
From Lauche 

Otractod by anton ROOGERS i 
previeves to Dec 18 Opens Dec 19 
al 8-00 

Xmao peris: Dec 23 at 3 OO A 8.00 
No perfs Dec 24 A 25 Dec 26 at 
8.00. Dec Z7 at 530 A 8.15 

ST MARTIN'S 01-836 1443. Ste- ' 
dal CC No. 379 6433. Evgs 8.0 
Tnrei 2-4B. Sat A Dec 2 6 al S -O ! 


STRAMD 836 2660 CC 836 
4143/5190. 741 9999 Fin* CaB 
24 Hr T Day ee 240 7300 (aa k*C 
foe) Gra Sales 930 6183 


**Tba shar ps ** , —a t s niiM a Hii a l - 
ad, atert rhyttonlc a wefc al mom 
nm mtmM fo Bra Wart End” SU 



Directed A Choreographed by 

BMfow Ljraaa 

Men-Fii 7.46. Mai wed 3.00 
’ S« *JO A 8.15 


Spec pert New Year's Eve Tpm 


Evn 7.30 Mate Wed A Sal 2.45 
December 26-29.30 Jan 1 A 2 
24hr 7 day cc bkai ino extra 
charge 1 on FIRST CALL 240 7200 



Bank- SE1 RODIN and BOYLE 
E3.Ocyci.G0 Open Dally Re- 
confed tttfo 01-261 QiaT 
SI. Wl 01-493 2107 IMPOR- 
tewater - 19 ITaraultei Mon 
Fri io-s. sate 10-12.30 


WHITEHALL off Tratafoar 5q 01 

930 7766/ 839 4466 OC Ol 379 
6565/579 6433. 741 9999 Grp 
sales 930 6123/836 3962 


-The very dmi of Britain's 
comic latent" Dally Mau 
See separate entnea under- . 

WCSIMMSTER Ol 836 0283/4 
Cc 834 0048. ee TKfeetmaaer 379 
6433 Today 2 j 00 6630. Tomor. 
w«L Thur 10 30am A 2.00. Fri. 

Sal 3-00 & 680 

Agatha OateUa Undar” Sid. 
WMMBR- Listener 

by Cj 9 Lewis 

BOOKING NOW 34 hr 7 day 

EVE - . MCA 



Diracied by Richard Eyre 
Prevs Feb is lot Nmhl Feb.26 
i Mon-Frl 7 48 Wed Mat 3 Sal 4 4B 
A 5 13 Gp Safes 930 6123 

The Aware winning Comedy 


By Shannon Macdonald 
Directed by Simon Siokcs 

“soJTOThihd glorious 

D Mail 

WRITING ’ Times 
Eves Man-Frt 8 . Sal 5.30 A 8 30 
Wed mats 6 

WYNDHAbrS S 836 5088 cc 579 
&56S/ncj«unaj«r 579 5433/1 «j 
Call 24 hr 7 days 340 7200/741 
9999/Grp Sales 930 6123/836 
39CC. Eves 7 30. S« mate 3 
For a limited season 

«Paralfefed la 
•fee w *«t E ad" Independent 



TIm Yaaag Vic pratetha at 


_ By Henrik Own 
Directe d by David Thacker 

poht vasar gi» umiis 


WodeUnd’s masterpiece Sprte 
***JjTO* Bps. mat Mon 



■neap Centre. ECS oi-ffis 
4141 Until 4 Jan: David ££ 
«fo 't766T864V. pal DUngs of 
Europe A Dm Near East PLUS 
Lfea Rags by nonudfe Fan 
in Dewomen Tues sa io- 
6.48. Sun A B Hote ia-5 45. 
CteMd Marten, Artra_£a j, 
xj Reduced ram tar pro- 
bo oked ponies. Ateo 
PLAY by faaon a tuba unti 
19 Dee (phone for details « 
dales andjHTMQ. 


PRINT*. Adm free Monfoi 
106 Sun 2.306 Recorded 
info 01 580 1788 

rtSCHEH FWE ART, 30 Kmq 
Street. St James’s SW1 rpm 
JOMISOR - sm u tte 'i m s»aS 
and «DTO/EACHttt sTteof 
Fm>P until 23 Dec 
Mon-Frl 10-5.30 


Gr«j!2r SSSLis 1 ? fo 
TTON of supert fefllnllnqs and 
aiamal saaiium mibj clow 
Ftkuqt December 19 Open free 
■dally 108 Donations wrt. 
ernnad lor SAVE THE 

MALL OAimara TCI Ol 930 
a one day chow on 20 Decern- 
her HO 61 

nal Unwed edition prtnls from 
EBO Graphic works by Modem 
Masters A Brora Sculpture by 
tea (Christies Contemporary 
Art) 8. Dover Si. wi 17 
Prmcwi Arcade SW1.499 67-01 

ROYAL ACADEMY. Piccadilly Ol 
734 9052 Open daily 106 me 
Sun ureduood rale Sun. until 
£2-60. El TO Pone, rale 

taaiDEiJ plaza 

yiffe486 2443 Mm (IS) 
Film al 2-2S. 4.30. 6.40. 888. 
ENOS Thurs STARTS Fri 19 
Dec lABIRHITH an. 

SW3. 331 3742 MEN (10) FUm 
al 2.28 4.30 6.40 R.hc 

Curren S 
*JJ®AM |PQ) Part 1 Tubs A 
Thwrn 6 45 Sate 1 1 30am A 
5 AS Pan 2 Mon. Wed A Fri 
f 46 Sundays Pari 1 u 
? 1 ? Qa Tn P»n 2 a 6.48 "Tow 

ly ateortung jw me mm" Sid 
CURSOR WEST END Shaftesbury 
Avenue Wl «39 4805 Maggie 
Smith. Denholm Elliott, judl 

SS£*,«" * *°«» mm a 

Fllfn at I jo (Not 
Sun). 3.45. 6 lO & fi, 40 

m m ” - ng Jr fo SferfecMon as 
Us posslbfe to ooncelve" 
Alexander Walker. Sid- 


WO S2B2 Sw,/930 tSs 04 

hr Atwj/ Visa/ AmEx Booh 
fo Dolby stereo Sen prom Dai 
Jv *tOj3-40. 6.15. 8.50. Late 
®? 9 ^NWilly 1 1 damn 
All prom boofcahie tn advance 

WMiaBE CHEXU SI Martin * 
*”> •ROUHD MMOcht 1 1 S) 

fiull “a. 1 00 1 30 6j °° a 38 

P° foy_ LATE SHOW Fri 


OLfUi Ctauy : 6.0. A 


Jn ter 


Aco*r« Ana v»«a idMhnDc 


«W LABvSSr^? 0 ^^^ 
ILABYHBroi Oil Sep 

-a-158 IS. All BrAa* booLanie in 

SS23- 3mh«uS 

ZxiT f 34 hour ver 

^• uuolg 

“m??, XT'S™* ,7£3 

PminJ mmoS U QS' PtCTUlWS 



...card holdtTs. U nder I6\ 

Sq . Tube 
WOS.lii SMOOTH rn M 

FJVtB 1 TS* ^- SOd 55 6.46 9-00 
C^FAlSlfV T rART& 19 

PC-1 Film 41 3 30 6 00836 

v- -. 


The Everyman _ programme 
Candles m the Dark (BBCI) 
was an exploration of the 
mysterious 17tb-centnry pain- 
ter Georges de la Tour, whose 
contemplative scenes of tight 
and shade were dominated by 
candlelight Leading with the 
quotation “the more a man is a 
painter, the more he is pre- 
occupied with the embodiment 
of the truth", the Everyman 
team scraped at the question of 
what, in this instan^ the 
truth might be. They jour- 
neyed to the painter's home 
town of Lorraine and em- 
ployed the interpretative skills 
of four experts to examine how 
far his still, rich paintings 
were secular or religions and 
what in any case is meant by 
such terms. 


The beauty of the pawn ing s 
alone was worth seeing and the 
discussion complemented rat- 
her than diminished their 
power. Talking of troth, a 
studio reconstruction of one of 
De la Tour’s Mary Mag- 
dalenes demanded several 
tungsten bulbs to reproduce 
the same light as she appears 
bathed in from a single flame. 

The Smith Bank Show — 
Arts Review 86 (LWT) was the 
flip-side of television arts 
coverage — a colourful hors- 
d'oeuvre trolley wheeled on to 
remind us of all the perfor- 
mances we should have i»itm 
note of during the last 12 
months. Had it been possible 
to view this at the beginning of 
the year it would have served 
as the ideal guide for people 
whose interest in die arts is 
restricted to talking-points. 

The producers, Jamie Muir 
and Jill Freeman, proved that 
they were entirely on cornua 
with the 1986 arts scene, 
choosing to bring on oak 
successes such as Courtney 
Pine, Jason Osborn and 
Dagmar Krause as musical 
high spots, Michael Clark and 
Company to represent ballet 
and Les Liaisons dangermses 
as the best of theatre. 

Watching all this in the 
studio was a curiously under- 
employed celebrity audience. 
Melvyn Bragg's dip into this 
crowd's favourite events re- 
vealed that the actress Margi 
Clarke highly recommended 
her boyfriend Jamie Reid’s 
show, the critic Giliran Reyn- 
olds enjoyed her panel’s 
Booker Prize short-list ami 
Patricia Hodge could not bet- 
ter iter next-door neighbour 
Kemth Trodd’s Singing Det- 




Hank Ballard 

Hammersmith Palais 

ank Ballard wrote 
/ist" in. 1958,. his 
mpany issued it as 
de of a pleasant little 
ballad titled “Tear- 
Your Letter”. Two 
r, Chubby Checker 
“The Twist” and 
into the dance craze 
entury; you would 
:> a long way to find 
r who remembers 
js on Your Letter" . 

; his long-delayed 
iebut, Ballard ro- 
s in several ways that 
mong rock *n’ roll’s 
iers. “When I was 16 
\ he said during one 
ion. “your parents 

I! me a dirty old man 
K this.” The number 
>n was “Work. With 
e”, a celebration of 
d teenage libido 
l indeed cause a stir 
nade its appearance 

sen many years since 
Hard was last per- 
a threat to the moral 
the western world, 
wrformance was an 
•dJy nostalgic cete- 
f a simpler time. Yet 

no cheap-and-cneer- 

5 show: whereas a 
uding three singers, 
os and five rhythm 
ve been the norm in 

lay it wptwej®** 

investment Clearly, 
fort had been spared 
n g and rehearsing ,z 

[ joyously recreated 

?nd srvle of rhythm 
revues" of the Fifties 

^figure in a velvet 
,d slacks with kni/e- 
ses Ballard saw no 


»vy >™ or m a -S 

Of the idiom.^s 
Go I^ts °° A* 
hoogie song nj» 
in i960 and 
with some succor 

e rocked on aUregb*' 


most 30 years ago. 



11 - 

Survival is not enough 


pera bouses must not be run 
by weaklings: “we are huck- 
sters” So spoke Peter Jonas, 

Photograph of Peter Jonas by Tun Bishop 

Ksh National Opera, a few 
days ago. Words as aggressive as these 
would not have been heard when he first 
took over from Lord Harewood at the 
Coliseum. During his opening term he 
kept a low and possibly over-courteous 
profile. Recently, though, the attitude 
has become more belligerent and part of 
the reason for the change has been a 
series of meetings at the Arts CounciL 

A couple of months ago the Council's 
four major clients (die Royal Opera- 
House, the National Theatre, the RSC 
and ENO) were summoned to Piccadilly 
fora “crisis meeting" More recently ail 
the opera companies, including the 
regional ones, have been quizzed. The 
encounters are unlikely to have been 
pleasant, especially in view of a stealthily 
growing anti-opera feeling within the 
Council, and Jonas is probably right to 
risk a. little aggression. 

"I could sense a let's try and get by* 
attitude for 1987, which is what yon 
might well expect in a year that will 
probably see a general election", he says. 
“The concept of equal misery for all is 
one that holds absolutely no appeal for 
me and I suggested to them that they 
should adopt a much mote radical 
stategy. We have gone through a 
gruesome two years and, quite bluntly, I 
want to put a bit more brandy - 
metaphorically speaking- in the belly of 
the Council. 

'They have before them a budget from 
me for next year, which they have 
described as 'reasonable' — in other 
words a fair representation of our needs 
— but in their view ‘probably not 
realizable’." The difference between the 
“reasonable" and the “not realizable" is 
almost certainly in six figures. 

The Arts Council is good at lis tening , 

Peter Jonas, Managing 
Director of English 
National Opera, begins 
to rebel after two 
‘gruesome’ years 

less good at making correct decisions. 
This autumn it has been assessing the 
major companies from three basic points 
of view: their artistic success, their 
ability to give value for money and the 
way they conform to the game plan of 
The Glory of the Garden — ifthe tatters of 
that document still survive. 

Next weekend, unresolved problems 
permitting, the Council will announce 
the next grant for the four major 
companies and Peter Jonas is well aware 
that his colleagues will have been crying 
poverty just as loudly as he has. The 
reeling is that he might do mar ginally 
better in financial terms, but that the 
difference win not be sufficient to lift 
ENO off the breadline. 

T here axe those who believe that 
the big four would do better if 
they were funded directly by 
government - as in the case of 
some European countries — 
rather than via the Arts Council. Jonas is 
cautious about that one: “The arm's- 
length principle of an Am Council is 
sensible provided that arm is working. If 
the partnership breaks down then we wifi 
be forced to think « e 8111 We will have to 
see whether the pact of the last two years 
- and we have kept our part of it — is 
worth keeping.” 

Harsh treatment for the ENO could 
mean either a shorter season or longer 
runs of the most popular operas. Neither 
option finds much favour with Jonas. 
One of the penalties of that pact has been 
a flurry of cheap and sometimes garish 

productions at the Coliseum — of which 
the latest was Carmen, a fortnight ago. 
The idea of foe semi-disposable staging 
began with foe NorWest Holst series a 
few years ago but has percolated through 
to some of the works which should be 
corner-stones of the repertory — and 
durable corner-stones at that 

“Lack of money forces radical solu- 
tions and radical productions”* Jonas 
said, “although in theatrical terms I 
reckon Carmen - despite a certain 
brashness - to be quite conservative. In 
straight financial terms it is cheaper to 
put a greatcoat on stage than a period 
costume. I believe too that the public 
perception of opera has changed mark- 
edly over the past decade. The public is 
now an impatient animal: it looks for 
speed, it laps things up and then it tires. 
But I don't think we should go too far in 
our semi-disposable productions, as you 
call them. I hope that our Boccanegra 
next Easter will be around for a long 

“Our plans for 1987/88, if we are 
allowed to realize them, include two 
'corner-stone operas’ in which I hope to 
restore some of foe traditional produc- 
tion values which the cuts of the past two 
years have forced us to drop.” 

Straightforward fund-raising now 
takes up about 15 per cent of Peter 
Jonas’s working week, something he did 
not expect when he took on the job, after 
a lengthy stint with foe Chicago Sym- 
phony Orchestra. “When I came first 
into foe business of arts administration 
the concern was with assembling an 
artistic team and then giving them every 
possible support. You did that by 
prompting them with ideals. In Chicago 
Solti, Giulini and Abbado all taught me 
that ideals could move mountains. And I 
still believe that We are not here merely 
to survive ” 

John Higgins 




Another performance by the 
London Symphony Orchestra 
of Tchaikovsky’s Sixth Sym- 
phony? Well, yes, the prospect 
was a little distressing, but in 
the event the conductor on 
this occasion, Leonard Slat- 
kin. managed to pull some- 
thing rather special out of foe 
hat, motivating his players 
into giving a performance that 
obviously meant much to 

But it did not begin wefi. 
However often an orchestra 
plays the piece there are still 
tricky corners where absolute 
concentration, preferably 
boosted by a slice of luck, is 
needed to guarantee safe pas- 
sage, and one such place was 
heard to be at the very 
opening. Soon, though, it be- 
came evident that Slatkin was 
not going to allow any ragged- 
ness to upset his reading, and a 
development ensued in which 
the orchestra’s foil fury, 
weighted perhaps slightly too 
heavily in favour of the brass 
department, was unleashed 
upon us. Then came foe 
famous lop-sided waltz, where 
the strings, and particularly 
the cellos and basses, really 
began to show how elegantly 
and precisely they coald play. 

Wisely Slatkin refrained 
from allowing foe March to 
become as raucous as it some- 
times sounds; and what it lost 
in garishness it gained in an 
almost imperceptible, but 
wholly appropriate, sense of 
remoteness. Many in the audi- 
ence, as usual, had not both- 
ered to give their (expensive) 
programmes even foe most 
ca su al scan, spoiling what 
should have been a shattering 
contrast between foe March’s 
loud, fast and empty music 
and a deeply personal ex- 
pression of despair by ap- 
plauding between this move- 
ment and foe last But Slatkin 
soon wrested back his control 
drawing from the LSO a finale 
of impressive intensity, de- 
spite the momentary distress 
of the low muted hams. It is 
some time since one experi- 
enced Tchaikovsky’s self-tor- 
mem as directly as this. 

By comparison, Dvorak 
Cello Concerto had been an 
affair altogether too relaxed, 
too. reliable, though the solo- 
ist, the Soviet cellist Natalia 
Gutman, could not be blamed. 
Indeed, she generated ample 
tension in her own role, 
making a beautifully ex- 
pressive sound that seemed 
genuinely to come _ from 
within, and playing with an 
ear for paragraph and chapter 
as well as phrase. 

Stephen Pettitt 


Much of the music that cele- 
brates Christinas — especially 
that produced by British 
composers in the last 20 years 
— . is nostalgic, tinselfy tosh. 
Why choirs which exercise 
admirable taste for 1 1 months 
a year should resign them- 
selves to singing quasMiurs- 
ery-rhymes in December I do 
not know, though I suspect the 
need to raise easy funds is a 
prime motive. 

Honegger’s Une Cantate de 
No£l is not exactly intefiec-' 
tnally rigorous, but it towers 
like a great conifer oyer this 
musical forest of plastic holly. 
For instance, it must be foe 
only Christmas cantata to 
begin with a dead march: a 
groaning sound which- devel- 
ops from sombre organ dus- 
ters and dislocated streaks of 
low string melody into a 
violent orchestral texture, 
over which the chorus sings 
foe penitential psalm “De 
profundis clamavi". 

This, of course, depicts “the 
people that walked in dark- 
ness". Suddenly a boys 
chorus interrupts with a cry of 
rejoicing, and the whole tex- 
ture erupts into a multifingual 
pageant of folk-carols, woven 

into a glorious polyphony as 
complex yet as overwhelm- 
ingly direct as Bach’s. Because 
Honegger first takes the trou- 
ble to evoke a Christ-1 esf 
humanity (he ends in subdued, 
fashion too, as though fore- 
shadowing later events), foe 
joy of his Nativity picture is 

Under Martin Neary's di- 
rection the Winchester Cathe- 
dral Choir, the (Winchester- 
based) Waynflete Singers and 
the English. Chamber Or- 
chestra gave a delightfully 
fresh-toned, responsive per- 
formance. Perhaps more 
punch and unanimi ty was 
needed for the powerful cries 
of“0 viens!” early on, and the 
busier textures could have 
been delineated more sharply, 
but this was a good advertise- 
ment for a neglected work. 

Parts One and Two of 
Bach’s Christinas Oratorio 
had begun the concert, rather 
politely interpreted. The 
Evangelist, William Kendall, 
and foe bass David Wilson- 
Johnson complied happily 
with this mood, so one was 
grateful to that exciting 
counter-tenor, Christopher 
Robson, for injecting some 
high-ranging vigour, in “Be- 
rate dich, Son”. 

Richard Morrison 

Clarity bridging 
the centuries 

Hilliard Ensemble 

Elizabeth Hall 

This concert was just the thing 
to clear the musical palate 
before the onset of Christmas 
celebrations. The Hilliard En- 
semble sang only two works of 
unarguable substance — 
Byrd’s Mass for Four Voices, 
which was sensibly given in 
three instalments (after afi, no 
16th-century congregation 
would have sat inactive 
through the piece without 
anything else happening) and 
Lassus's gigantic and emotive 
Cum Natus esset Jesus, a 
setting of foe tale of Herod 
despatching the Wise Men to 
seek the intent Jesus. 

Both works were sung with 
all the poise we expect of this 
group, doubled in size on this 
occasion by the addition of 
four guest singers. Their tem- 
pos and phrasing were always 
beautifully relaxed, they 
showed meticulous attention 
to matters of balance, and 
their intonation was as near 
perfect as it is possible to be. 
All of which conspired to help 
this music speak with a clarity 
that made it the more moving. 

But the smaller pieces really 
lent the concert its atmosphere 
of celebration - and a fine 

variety of them there was. 
They ranged from foe spec- 
tacular hocketing of the 14th- 
century English motet “Epi- 
phanium Dominum" foe 
smoothly consonant style of 
“Ecce quod nature” — also 
English but from the next 
centuiy ~ and a well-chosen 
selection of that instantly 
identifiable genre, foe 15th- 
century English carol, to the 
decidedly odd Scottish medley 
"All Sons of Adam", which 
claimed 17th-century origin 
but showed many a 15th- 
centuiy trait with its hare 
harmonies and stylized ca- 

In the end, though, the 
section juxtaposing Austrian, 
Spanish, French and English 
music best reflected the 
Christmas message of univer- 
sal goodwill The works cho- 
sen here were either gently and 
naively touching (foe Austrian 
“Weihnachtslied" ' and the 
French “J6sus nail tendre et 
bleme”) or engagingly ebul- 
lient (foe tongue-twisting 
Spanish “Riu, riu, chiu” and 
the antiptumal exchanges of 
foe rousing En glish “Nowell, 
nowell"). Whichever, they 
provided as much spiritual 
succour as could any Beetho- 
ven quartet. 


double bill 

Sadler’s Wells 

England may so for have been 
spared Goya, Menotti’s latest 
opera for grown-ups, reviewed 
from the States recently on 
this page, but it has been 
landed with a four-year-okl 
“opera in one act for children 
and for people who like 
children” [sic). 

The Boy Who Grew Too 
Fast tells foe story of a 
strapping lad who, at least six 
feet tall at the age of nine, has 
the added disability of being 
called Poponel Skosvodmo- 
nit An eccentric Dr Schrinck 
has the machine to effect the 
cure he has obviously pat- 
ented: foe patient, for his part, 
must conform thereafter. Any 
muhnur of individual dissent 
will put the inches on again. 

The moral is obvious — not 
too obvious, though, for us to 
suffer its spellinfrout at the 
end of what, in any case, has 
been 40 minutes or miserably 
vapid accompanied recitative, 
a wince-making libretto and 
slack dramatic structure. 
There is the Heath Robinson 
Schrincking machine the Herr 
Doktor planted in the stalls, 
and a machine-gunning terror- 
ist to rivet a young audience’s 
attention: the latter a ploy of 
questionable taste for anyone 
living in the real world. 

The irony of the evening lies 
in the cosiness of matter and 
manner with which this table 
of nonconformity is created. It 
is to the credit of Judith 
Howarth (Miss Hope, the 
teacher), Maureen Morelle 
(Poponel’s mother) Paul 
Ctook (Z>r Schrinck) and 
Poponel himself (Graham 
Godfrey), among a hard-work- 
ing cast, that the Doctor’s 

James Rainbird alert and 

Amahl and the Night Visitors with tire composer Gian Carlo 
Menotti, who himself plays the pail of an old musician 
(photograph by Harry Kerr) 

comment about sleeping 
through it all does not work by 

Thank goodness for Amahl 
aid the Night Visitors. 
Menotti’s little magi-miracle- 
play is twinned with the 
“morality”, and John Pascoe’s 
production captures all foe 
warm spice and sweetness 
unique to the piece. David 
Syrus, who conducts both 

works, has a wonderfully alert, 
supple-voiced Amahl in 
James Rainbird, a strong 
mother in Lorna Haywood 
and three very wise men in 
John Dobson, Roderick Earle 
and Curtis Watson. The dou- 
ble bill will be broadcast on 
Radio 3 on Christmas Eve. 

Hilary Finch 

Playing without excitement 

With Gennadi Rozhdest- 
vensky back at Covent Garden 
to conduct half of this season’s 
pg f o nuances of The Nut- 
cracker the account of Tchai- 
kovsky’s score we beard on 
Saturday afternoon was thor- 
oughly assured, smooth and 
pleasant. Yet it lac k ed the 
special excitement the magic 
enjoyed when the production 
was new at Christmas 1984; 
something iff the nuances and 
the spirit had faded. 

Is it that Covent Garden 
allows too little preparation 
time before a revival? Or 
perhaps that for this orchestra 
familiarity soon breeds con- 
tempt? Boredom on their part 
might be justified if the pro- 
gramme sheet’s daim of 83 
previous performances in foe 
past two seasons were correct; 
I moire it actually 29 bat 
perhaps that is already too 


The Nutcracker 

Covent Garden 

much for these connoisseurs to 
endure even first-rate ballet 

We had a new Dross- 
ehueyer, David Binfley. He 
follows foe production's in- 
tentions by playing the role 
seriously and sadly in spite of 
touches of fanmour, notably his 
meeting with the children at 
the Christmas party. Within 
that concept he is subtle, 
convincing and coaching; but 
am I foe only person who 
misses the more grotesque, 
Hofftnannesqne character we 
used to see in past produc- 

tions, more alarming at times 
bat more genial in total effect? 

Ravenna Tucker and Jona- 
than Cope danced the pas de 
deux which is all the nominal 
principals have in this version. 
She is bright and musical, with 
a lot of charm; he dances with 
more panache than any of his 
Royal Ballet contemporaries. 
Simon Rice makes foe Nut- 
cracker a lively, likeable 
young fellow and behaves with 
uncondescending gallantry to- 
wards little Clara, played with 
nndoying sweetness by Sarah 
Wildor, a pupil at foe Royal 
Ballet ScbooL Other students, 
who played various assorted 
characters through the show, 
all danced supply and wefi. 
Many of their adult col- 
leagues, alas, tended to overact 
and under-dance. 

John Percival 


What About Luv 

Orange Tree 

Richmond's adventurous 
small theatre has netted a neat 
Christmas success in this 
musical based on Murray 
SchisgaTs Luv, a play seen 
over here in foe Sixties and 
subsequently turned into a 
film, though not a good one, 
for Jack Lemmon. 

The minute stage represents 
pan of a New York bridge 
from which the cast of three 
make various attempts to put 
a watery end to their lives. 
Two of them manage to fell in 
but passing barges or foe 
human urge to endure brings 
them back for further bouts of 
punishment from life and 

Kim 1 Grant’s spirited direc- 
tion places a beach too far 
forward, so that some of the 
side seats have to rely on foe 
expressive power of the back 
of an actor’s neck. Seats on 
two instead of three sides 
would remove this trouble. 

The evening 

sung suicide note 

with a 

played by a hangdog Peter 
Kelly resembling Manuel after 
a rough day at the Towers. His 
old schoolmate Milt (Jay 
Benedict) appears and per- 
suades him to take aboard his' 
unwanted wife. One year later 
Hairy’s tendency to retreat 
from the world inside a brown 
paper bag has finally sapped 
Ellen’s motherly forbearance, 
and she and Milt, now in love 
with her again, attempt to 
>pel Harry, with or without 
over foe parapet 
Although this scenario 
sounds inescapably sombre 

the witty lyrics (Susan Birken- 
head), closely following the 
speech content of Schisgal’s 
original script, make the show 
a remarkably buoyant occa- 
sion. Performances are styl- 
ized some degrees out from 
reality; Gaye Brown's in 
particular treats us to a vig- 
orous, shoulder-flicking, pran- 
cing portrayal that fully 
exploits the show’s mockery of 
Broadway sentiment, coinci- 
dence and pluck. 

The artificial treatment can- 
not obscure the feet that this is 
at heart a sad little piece. The 
music, played on keyboards 
by a genial Jonathan Cohen, 
minimizes the chilling effect 
of this, and Schisgal’s pat- 
terned dialogue makes a fruit- 
ful base for Howard Marten's 
music. Hie contest to lay 
daim to the rottenest child- 
hood is a natural for musical 
conversion, as is foe comic 

test to see what abuses love 
wifi surmount A kick on the 
shins? Ob yes. A thump in foe 
kidneys? Yes, yes. Holding a 
loved for coat over the para- 
pet? I close the review at this 
point to conceal the outcome. 

Jeremy Kingston 

Mere Soup Songs 

For half a dozen performances, 
over the Christinas period 
four members of Alan Ayck- 
bourn’s group at the National 
take over the Lyttelton Buffet 
to present a late-night cabaret 
on foe theme of not telling the 
truth. Expect nothing harsh. 
Ayckbourn's songs and di- 
alogue play gently, with 
accusations and denials of 
infidelity in the gardens and 

bedrooms of commuteriand. 
Perhaps theatregoers emerg- 
ing from King Lear will be 
glad to relax over a glass of 
port, idly wondering if Mi- 
chad really is having an affair 
with Charles’s wife. 

Michael denies it, Janice 
denies it; Charles later denies 
that he accused him. The 
problem is certainly distant 
from suph issues as bow best 
to divide one's kingdom, but, 
even if Ayckbourn is not 
attempting the Greek style of 
following tragedy with a satyr 
play of earthy jollity, audi- 
ences may weft sigh for some- 
thing more pungent than these 
Orpington courtesies. 

Three round tables, some 
chairs, some drinks are foe 
only props. Paul Todd, com- 
poser, stands behind them 
playing synthesizer - too 
loudly for some of foe voices, 
notably Diane Bull as Mich- 

ael’s wife, to be heard against 
his music. 

“Daydreaming our mar- 
riage away” is an ingenious 
song in which Russell Dixon 
(calm, superior, menacing) 
and Kate Dyson interlard foe 
bleak small talk of a dulled 
marriage with outbursts of 
passionate fantasy under a 
purple night Diane Bull has a 
good moment when she sen- 
sibly asks why some wines are 
described as table wines. Are 
there others that one drinks on 
foe floor? 

There are more felicities of 
middle-class chat and put- 
down but as a comment on foe 
ambiguities of life foe in- 
cidents forfeit all credence 
once we have detected foe first 
crucial lie. And a moratorium, 
please, on stage fathers who 
forget their little daughters' 
birthday parties. 


in belief 

What distinguishes your revo- 
lutionary, your political fa- 
natic, is not a direct line tor 
truth; it is a commitment to a- 
system of belief At least that 
is foe conclusion I draw from 
a striking Ulster documentary i 
Out of the Maze (December 
7). Alison Hilliard had been' 
talking to former inmates of^ 
the Maze Prison, both Loyal- • 
ist and Republican, about the* 
lengths to which they had gone 
to educate themselves while 
serving their sentences. Her 
programme was a record of 
prodigious energy and ingenu- 
ity in foe pursuit of learning. - 


The Open University is 
much patronized and the 
prison has a respectable num- 
ber of graduates, while the 
total of papers passed with 
distinction is way above av- 
erage. Though the O.U. has; 
been criticized as promoting 
“Ulster’s University of Ter= 
rorism”, prisoners seem free 
to study what they like under 
its aegis. However, as one 
contributor put it, education 
in the Maze is above all a form 
of politicization, so foe 
authorities keep pretty tight 
rein on what other sorts of 
literature are permitted. « 

This puts both prisoners 
and their visitors on their 
mettle. Forbidden writings are 
copied out on thin paper,.' 
rolled up tight and covertly 
passed over during visits. The 
prisoner arrives with the seam: 
of his trouser-seat ready split 
and promptly lodges the illicit 
package in his crotch. To learn 
Gaelic is de rigueur, and we 
heard of lessons conducted by; 
the teacher standing at his cell 
door shouting instructions to; 
foe others on his row. 

As this may suggest such 
commitment is primarily 
Republican. It is not just that 
there are fewer Loyalists^ 
those there are do not seem to 
be so strongly motivated. One! 
Republican, not perhaps an 
impartial observer, described' 
the average Loyalist prisoner 
as more criminal than intellec- 
tual, but one of their own 
number said revealingiy that 
the difficulty stems to a great 
extent from foe fact that 
Loyalists have a fundamental 
problem defining what their 
cause is — in other words 
arriving at a coherent and 
energizing system of belief. 
For the . Republican by con- 
trast that is no problem at all. 

This programme was one. 
example of radio’s enduring 
ability to find uncommon 
subjects and make stimulating 
programmes of them. BBC 
Manchester's Actuality (Sun- 
days) regularly provides oth- 
ers. For its last two editions it' 
has been following a small 
Lancashire group of trainee. 
Samaritans through their in- 
duction. A weekend in- 
troduced them to depressive, 
potential suicides, telephonic 
masturbators (“guess what 
I've got in my hand") who- 
quickly turn foul-mouthed 
when discouraged and a van-; 
ety of other awkward cus- 
tomers. None of these was a 
real-life situation: tutors, 
taught by lone, hard experi- 
ence, played the roles. They 
conveyed the flavour, but 
little of foe sheer stamina 
needed to bang on patiently 
for a caller who cannot bring 
himself to speak for 40 min- 
utes, or to listen to and find 
foe right response for a deep 
depressive well into his third 
hour non-stop. There is 
commitment for you. 

There is a touch of foe same, 
of dedication anyway, to be 
found in lie Rand (Radio 2, 
Tuesdays). Angela Rippon, 
with just the right amount of 
British gusto, is presenting 
three rather seductive pro- 
grammes about the Band of 
the Royal Marines. A very 
great deal of music by no 
means submerges a brisk 
script and many informative 
and interesting bits of inter- 
view. And the range of the 
music is formidable — these 
military musicians can turn 
their hands to anything from 
classical to pop. 

David Wade 

Make her day 

■mi Or. DFn'M.f.v- M-8C*«SC 
FbomTmc Mosl F»iwlcmk Conic Ilf-N 
Oi lLtttl»KTML Wowp 

55 Brompton Road 
London SW3 
Tel: 01-584 8571 


A local council, a national concer 

Brent has become imbedded in the 
national consciousness as a synonym 
for loony left. Brian James traces the 
borough’s descent into chaos after 
manipulation by the extreme left and 
complacency by the respectable right 

• It did not just happen. From the early Sixties, when 
the council solemnly debated for two hours the 
proposition the borough should not join the rest of 
Britain in switching to British Sommer Time, a 
random seed of municipal lunacy has been taking root 

• It was tended to its present luxuriant growth by the 
manipulation of some of the cleverest, most street-wise 
politicians of Labour’s extreme left. But It was 
fertilized, too, by the early indifference of the 
respectable right, dog-in in the Tory stronghold above 
the North Circular road. The arriving ethnic 
minorities had wanted to be involved with the middle- 
class, middle-road. They were rejected. 

• The process by which Brent thus established the 
foundation for its current crises is well, if subjectively, 
described by Robert Lacey, a Conservative activist in 
the borough for 25 years, and the man who 
masterminded the right’s dramatic seizure of power in 
1982. Last year, as a result of too many 19-hoar days 
and the tension of “almost weekly” death threats, 
Lacey retired from politics in Brent. 

the boroughjn profile 

Sign of the ti nier Brent residents protest conned plans to turn a local sports centre’s car park into a caravan site for gypsies 

B rent was used as a 
test-bed for 
“entryism” in 1967 
when John Lebor, a 
Communist Party 
youth organizer, joined the 
Labour party and was elected 
to the council of which he later 
became leader. The irony here 
is that in 1986 he was de- 
selected and lost his seat - 
having now apparently, 
become loo “right". 

The consequences of this 
trial run for entryism were 
delayed, however, because the 
following year Brent was 
swung massively to the right 
by a nationwide municipal 
shift to the Conservatives. 
“Tories in Brent sat back 
smug," Lacey says. “As they 
saw it. they were there now for 
life. But they were ignoring 
what was happening in the 
south of the borough." 

What was happening there 
was an influx of west Lndian- 
bom families, respectable, 
ambitious and anxious to play 
a part in their new homeland, 
Lacey- says. “But everywhere 
they had doors slammed in 
their faces. Even our churches 
told them to go find an iron 
hut and start their own. 

“What we did was even 
sillier. Tory canvassers would 
knock on a door and when a 
black face answered they’d say 
‘Oh, sorry, wrong house’ and 
try next door. Most of the 
Jamaicans, a majority of the 
Afro-Caribbeans here, had 
been supporters back home of 
the Jamaica Labour Party, 
which is about as right-wing as 
you can get The left wing in 
Brent cottoned on to this at 
once. ‘Labour? 1 they'd say. ‘So 
are we. Sign here.’ They 
scooped the pool. And the 
seven elections after 1964 were 
swung against us again and 
again by the black vote." 

The Seventies saw another 
powerful weapon being forged 
in Brent: the squat as base. 

“We had a bit of an invasion 
into our empty flats,” Lacey 
says. Many squatters were 
teachers or social workers, 
skilled at using the system. 
Most were Marxists or 
Trotskyists, “with about as 
little in common with the 
traditional Labour party as we 

The next date of signifi- 
cance, Lacey recalls, was 1982: 
the census. That showed that 
Brent had a huge population 
of Irish origin, and most were 
concentrated in one par- 
liamentary constituency, 
Brent East. “I think it was at 
this point that Ken 
Livingstone's fascination with 
the borough was bom. And 
shortly afterwards that he 
began inviting IRA politicians 
to address the GLC - which 
would do no harm with the 
Irish in the area he had picked 
out as his path to Parliament." 

T he entryism ploy had 
now gone far beyond 
packing smoke-filled 
rooms to capture 
ward committees. 
Using their majority on three- 
man appointment committees 
the Brent Labour group were 
doling out counci] jobs to 
active supporters: jobs that 
would permit them time off to 
work politically in some 
neighbouring borough. “It is 
estimated that 2,000 hard-left 
party wor Jeers have got bighly- 
.paid non-jobs in our major 
dues," says Lacey. “A dis- 
proportionate number win be 
found employed by or active 
in Brent" 

In 1982, Brent council was 
“going berserk — it was a year 
of total guerrilla warfare" 
Lacey insists. An example: 
They took council meetings 
out of the council chamber 
and started touring - them 
around the borough schools — 
which meant hum, costly 
transportation of officials and 

files. The first two hours of the 
meetings would be open to 
public petitions or questions. 
Only Labour committee chair- 
men were permitted to re- 
spond. All controversial items 
would be put to the back of the 
agenda, when as many as 60 
items would be swept through 
on one show of hands. 

The Labour group's unease 
that provoked these measures 
was rooted in the composition 
of the council: 33 Labour, 30 
Tory and three Liberal, giving 
the sodalisi mayor the casting 
vote. One defector would 
swing control to the right, 

The Tories started to work 
on selected targets. “We 
picked out people who had a 
strong faith, churchgoers of 
any persuasion. They couldn't 
be easy with what was going 
on. What we did was flatter 

Threatened: Robert Lacey 

6 They appoint 
the politically 
committed but 
incompetent 9 


Who’s foxier than Basil 
Brush, and ‘cleaner’ than 
Sooty? And in an annual 
that’s bursting 
with puzzles and 
games and jokes 
and stories? 

It’s Griffin! The 
annual’s good any 
time of year and it’s just 
£2.95. Makes a great 
present for kids, (even 
if they don’t bank at the 

Available at your 
local Midland branch, 
while stocks last. 

them in committee, support 
them when we could. And one 
Sunday Mrs Ambrosine Neil 
telephoned me. She was the 
genuine voice of the Afro- 
Caribbean people. She had 
had enough.” 

The chaos consequent on 
Mrs Neil’s defection in 
December 1982 attracted 
world-wide media attention: 
police escorts were needed to 
get her and her new Tory 
friends into the fateful council 
meeting where missiles and 
punches were thrown. 

Lacey insists that in the two 
and half years his group held 
its perilous grip on Brent until 
the 2986 elections, they made 
steps to win back the Afro- 
Caribbean support. They set 
up a black business advice 
bureau. Brent went into the 
last election with 19 can- 
didates from ethnic minor- 
ities, a London “record". 

Crucially, too, it was the 
Tory chairmen of the educa- 
tion and race relation and 
policy and resources commit- 
tees who set up and approved 
the investigation into Brent 
schools and approved the idea 
of appointing 180 specially- 
equipped teachers to confront 
the massive under-achieve- 
ment of black children. 

W hy has this Tory 
legacy to Brent 
caused so much 
“Because those 
who wrote the job definitions 
and are now sitting on the 
appointment committees are 
appointing people in their 
own image: the politically 
committed but incompetent,” 
Lacey insists. “As one teacher 
told me, when in frustration I 
asked what he was doing here, 
‘Where else would I get a job, 
but Brent? 1 ” 

Some confirmation for 
Robert Lacey’s certainly right- 
sided view comes from a 
political opponent, Reg 
Freeson, the long-serving La- 
bour MP de-selected last year 
in favour of Livingstone. 
“There has been a 
conspiracy,” he says. “Caucus 
politics tends to identify and 
home-in on an area where it 
senses a chance of success. 
Because of the minorities, 
Brent was such an area. The 
same dozen or so names 
appear and interweave in a 
pattern that is obvious. For 
evil to triumph, the good must 
stay silent. At last in Brent 
some of the good are begin- 
ning to raise their voices." 

Standing guard 
for civic pride 

It is a scene fhariftar from 
many a hard-fought industrial 
dispute: a group of muffled 
figures on guard at the entry, 
fifth a makeshift shelter, a pot 
of tea and a blazing fire to 
warm the small hours. 

. But the team who bare 
maintained a non-stop vigil 
outside the Vale Farm sports 
centre in north Brent since 
early October are not trade 
union pickets but neighbours, 
mounting a concreted resis- 
tance to their own counciL 

They are keeping watch to 
prevent any surprise more to 
implement a threat by Brent 
council to turn the overflow 
car-park at the £7 million 
sports centre into a caravan 
plot for a band of several 
hundred gypsies who settled 
earlier this year in Fryent 
Park in the same part of the 

The residents are convinced 
that the plan was designed to 
punish them. Their mistrust 
epitomizes the division be- 
tween the suburban north and 
the deprived south of the 
bo rough and ft fuels toe cam- 
paign to have the north set free 
as a re-created separate bor- 
ough of Wembley. 

“There is an element of 
spite in it, that's certain,*' says 
Norman Treweren, one of the 
rota standing guard “I know 
even staunch Labour voters in 
this part of the borough who 
are saying that they cannot 
vote for these people after all 
that has happened.” 

The residents indignantly 
cherish a reported remark by 
Councillor Colura Moloney 
last August (he has claimed it 
was taken oat of context) to 
the effect that the inflax in the 
park was the best thing to 
happen in North Brent in 
years, and “would teach toe 
people of Kingsbury a Moody 
good lesson”. 

The Government is to decide 
later this month whether to 
confirm planning permission 
for toe borough's plan. It is 
unlikely to do so, but until then 
the residents are determined to 
ensure that it is not im- 
plemented by fait accompli . 

“We are ready to keep toe 
travellers off by any means 
short .of violence,” says Ver- 
non Nesbeth, one of the 

George HOI 



January, 1975: Labour- 
controlled Brent council 
decides to spend £4,000 on 
a coffee-bar for truants. 
August 1982: Dr Rhodes 
Boyson, Under-Secretary of 
State for Education, 
protests at Brent Council's 
proposal to train four black 
teachers with no O or A levels. 
November 7982: A report to 
Brent Council's schools sub- 
committee concerning a 
schoolbook. Dip the Puppy, 
states: “In the opinion of 
the Multicultural Adviser the 
book is racist because of 
the superimposition of the 
ideas of (a) black people, (b) 
savages and (c) eating a 

October, 1983: Mrs Kathy 
Soames. only Conservative on 
Brent's women's 
committee, causes a row by 
Inviting men to attend 
meetings. When six men 
respond the meeting 
breaks up In 20 minutes. 
October* 1983: Brent 
librarians complain about the 
“highly offensive" image of 
black people in some of the 
library's comic books, in 
particular Asterix the Gaul and 
Tintin. A children's book 
specialist points out ''Children 
may absorb this and think 
that all black people run 
around in grass skirts." 

December, 1983: A 

disciplinary committee 
recommends that a lecturer 
be sacked after making a 
‘•racist" joke (he 
recommended a dog for 
promotion on the grounds 
that it was "mostly black"). 

December, 1984: Posters 
for a tea (fence at Brent town 
hall showing a man and a 
woman dancing together anger 
members of the womens' 
committee: "Gays and lesbians 
do not get a look in.” 

March, 198& Council 
officials object to a poster 
advertising a children's 
concert because It is "racist”, 
ft shews a down wHh a 
Union Jade bow-tie. 

July, 1985: Thomas Mann, 
an SOP member of the Brent 
education committee, 
objects to racist remarks made 
by the 18 stone, 6ft 5in 
Kuba Assegai, who then 

punches Mann, pins him 
against a wall and says:"ff you 
vote with the white racist 
Tories I will kill you.” 
Eventually Assegai is 
banned from the Town Hall by 

Labour councillors. 

August, 1985: All 
constestants and judges in a 
dog show are sent a 
questionnaire about their 
ethnic origins. 

f Sudbury 
Infants School, is suspended, 
alleged to have said she 
does not want any more black 
staff at her school. She is 
reinstated 15 weeks later. 



1 Balloon gas (6) 

5 Well (41 

8 Desolate#) 

9 Petty (7) 

II Underground ceme- 
tery (8) 

13 Young salmon (4) 

15 Venetian steam boat 

18 Moonfish(4) 

19 Scandalous(S) 

22 Competitive (7) 

23 Slice up(5) 

24 Cigarette rad f4) 

25 Royal Engineer (6) 


2 Put out (5) 

3 Pen fluid (3) 

4 Complete change 

5 Farm can (4) 

6 In agitated manner 

7 Startled (5) 

10 Move stealthily (4] 
12 Managed) 

14 Nuclear energy 
source (4) 

15 Valley road bridge 


16 Only (4) 

17 Number One iron (5) 
28 Ludicrous situation 


21 Blunder (4) 

23 Trophy (3). 

4c_ 29 66,500 or 26% 

SSZ" .....100,400 or 39.3% 
/figures from Office of Popula- 
tion, Censuses and Surveys, 

Ethnic origins 
Ufc 114.562 or 46.2% 

New Commonwealth (ln*a, 

Pakistan, West indies, Africa)* 
83,023 or 33.5% 

Eire: 28,141 or 11.3% 

Rest of world: 22^66 or 9-0% 
(Total 248.092: figures from 
1981 Brent Census, of people 
trvirtg in private households.) 

Brent has three constituencies, 
two held by Labour and one 
by the Conservatives. Brent 
South has been held since 
1959 by Laurie Pavitt, MP 
(Lab), who enjoys a 10,519 or 
26.4 per cent majority. 

Brent East has been held 
since 1964 by Reg Freeson, 

Merle Amory, aged 29. who 
was firsL ejected rn 1981. 
Known for her abrasive style, 
Ms Amorv works at the inner 
London Education Authority 
as an equal opportunity ad- 
viser and is married to Paul 
Franklin, chairman of the 
local government committee 
of the Brent Labour Party. 

Another of Brent’s most 
influential apparatchiks is Ron 
Anderson, aged 35, who brads 
the education coram inee. Em- 
ployed as a teacher by 
neighbouring Haringey, Mr 
Anderson was once president 
of the Brent branch of the 
National Union of Teachers 
but has since become a fierce 
critic of the union over "its 
unsupportive_ attitudes ^ to 
education policy in Brent 1 . 

The vice chairman of tbe 
education committee. Mr 
Niton Parshotam. aged 30. a 
lecturer at the London Bor- 
ough of Enfield, is attributed 
with spearheading legal moves 

committee organizing the ac- 
tion. Like some other support- 
ers, Nesbeth is black, though 
his presence in deputations to 
the town hall has not saved 
them from being accused of 

“Wembley was a viable 
homogeneous borough with 
great civic pride,” says John 
Benton, chairman of toe Brent 
North Conservative Associ- 
ation. “The North Circular 
nms across toe borough like 
the Berlin WalL With a. 
population of over 150,000, 
economically we would be fine. 
We would probably be more 
fflirimt to nm than the mpga- 
borough of Brent.” 

Mike Harslrin, a Liberal 
coanriHor, agrees that the 
council lets bias against toe 
north influence its admin- 
istrative acts: “Bat the UDI 
campaign is futile. Wembley 
would be too small to keep up 

* There is an 
element of 
spite in it ? 

toe level of services — ft simply 
isn't going to happen.” 

In fact it would be no 
smaller than Kingston or Ken- 
sington and Chelsea, if toe 
borough was split along toe 
North Circular as Benton 
proposes. Its population would 
be about 350,000. But the 
outcome would be to create not 
one mini-borongh bat two — 
toe other even smaller than 
Wembley and dramatically 
laden with problems. 

The sense of alienation in 
the north is palpable, however, 
and the coundTs actions have 
created a hostility and sus- 
picion which have gone tor to 
destroy whatever cohesion the 
borough once enjoyed. 

“What would we feel about a 
UDI? They’d never let 
happen, would they? Who 
pays their rates, after all?" 
says one of the men keeping 
watch round' the fire at Vale 
Farm. “But it would be magic 
— simply magic." 

MP (Lab), who has a 4,834 or 
12 per cent majority. Dr 
Rhodes Boyson, the Conser- 
vative minister for Local 
Government, has held Brent 
North since 1974, and has a 
majority of 14,651 or 332 per 

Pavitt is expected to retire 
ax the next election and the 
official Labour prospective 
candidate for his safe seat is 
Paul Boateng, who may be the 
first black MP to enter the 
House of Commons for more 
than 50 years. Boateng is a 
former colleague of Ken 
Livingstone on the Greater 
London Council and was the 
first chairman of the GLCs 
controversial police 

Livingstone will make his 
nm for Parliament from Brent 
East, having successfully 
edged Freeson out of the race 
to contest Brent East at the 
next election. 

Of Brent’s 43 Labour coun- 
cillors, 23 are either un- 
employed (eight), employed 
by other councils (eight) or 
teachers (seven). Eleven coun- 
cillors work in the private 
sector in either a self-em- 
ployed or salaried capacity 
and the rest work in the public 

Leader of the council and 
head of the powerful policy 
and resources committee is 

?j - &sr k 

Merle Avoiy Ron Anderson 

against Maureen McGoldrick. 
the head teacher suspended 
this year for alleged racism. 

Other leading figures in the 
council’s dominant hard-left 
faction include Christine Win- 
ter, aged 33, a senior housing 
advisor at the left wing 
London Borough of Camden 
and Manubhai PateL aged 58, 
a former sub-postmaster. 

Chief power behind the 
Brent Council throne occu- 
pied somewhat apologetically 
by the mayor, Les Ford, aged 
56 and unemployed, is the 
zealous race-relations adviser. 
Soonn Engineer, aged 39. Her 
name has cropped up in most 
hearings involving education 
department employees sacked 
by the council for alleged 

Her immediate superior is 
Russell Profitt aged 38. who 
has admitted “using the law to 
its maximum” in the push to 
employ more blacks. 

Guy Ker 









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I nspecting the troops at a 
recent Sovereign’s Parade at 
Sandhurst, the Queen asked 
why the new women offi- 
cers were herded off in*o a 
comer while their mate 
colleagues marched proudly 
round the parade square. “Their 
skirts arc too tight,” she was tokL 
Since then the top brass at the 
Royal Military Academy, which 
saw its first intake of cadets in 
skirts in April 1984, have over- 
come their sartorial reservations. 
These days, when the newly 
commissioned officers go thro ugh 
their paces, the girls arc out there 
straining the seams in their A-line 
skirts as they bash the square with 
the rest of the chaps. 

The 50 WRACs who hope to 
win their officers’ pips next April 
will form part of the supporting 
ranks of junior cadets who march 
on and off the parade square at the 
opening and dose of the cere- 
mony. The props they carry will 
firmly underline the fundamental 
distinction between men’s and 
women’s roles in the British army; 
women do not bear arms. While 
the male cadets brandish rifles, the 
women will be waving canes. 

As the barriers begin to topple, 
however, recruiting sergeants can 
no longer boast that it’s a man’s 
life in the army. Last April a 33- 
year-old major, Pepe Simpson, 
became the first woman to com- 
mand a company of military 
police — “100 men, 10 women, 20 
horses and a dog”. Last Thursday 
she faced Italian TV news cameras 
to answer such questions as: 
“Women arc reaching equality in 
civilian life now; do they have full 
equality in the army?”, adding fuel 
to the debate now raging in Italy 
about whether to admit women to 
the armed forces. 

In Britain the army has had to 
come to terms with the fact that 
women in uniform, like their 
sisters in business suits, expect to 
combine marriage and mother- 
hood with work. One in four of the 
4 00 WRA C officers are married, 
many of them to other serving 
officers, but while American mid. 
Australian service-women with 
children can stay in their jobs, as 
far as our service chiefs are 
concerned maternity and the mili- 
tary don’t mix. 

In civilian life, the law gives a 
woman who has held down a job 


.•y /' 



i i ' 

On parade; cadets of the Women’s Royal Army Corps still face the prospect of compulsory retirement if they start a family 

for two years the right to return to 
work after her baby’s birth. But for 
a woman soldier pregnancy spells 
compulsory retirement There are 
plenty of soldiers with children in 
the British Army, but only two of 
them are women, and both, the 
army stress, were highly excep- 
tional cases — one a widow whose 
officer husband was killed in 
Northern Ireland, the other a 
divorcee whose children were not 
living with her at the time. 

“The role is that if you decide to 
have a famil y you leave, and they 

‘Male cadets can 
brandish rifles; 
women wave canes 9 

normally encourage you to go by 
the four-month stage,” .explained 
army public relations officer Cap- 
tain Joanna Barry. “Once you 
have children, in many ways you 
can’t perhaps serve the army to the 
best of your ability, because the 
idea of being in die army, even if 
you're mamed, is that, you go 
anywhere at any time.” 

The rale is particularly hard on 
women like Pepe Simpson who 
sign on for a regular commission, 
which runs fin- 16 years from age- 
21. At the end of that time, induce 
and a half years, she stands to 
collect a pension of £4,500 a year 
for life, and a gratuity of £13,000 
with the right to commute some of 
her pension to a lump sumof up to 

£20,000. If she became pregnant 
now, she would have to leave with 
only a £5,000 resettlement grant 

Married to a civilian she met 
when they were both teaching at 
Sandhurst Pepe Simpson is re- 
signed to waiting until the age of 
37 before starting a family: “I 
would very much regret it if I 
became pregnant and I was denied 
that pension I’ve worked so long 
for.” She says that in that event 
she would ask to rejoin the army 
and start the time r unning again 
towards her pension, but so far no 
WRAC officer has ever become 
pregnant left, and come back. 

“It’s never been put to the test 
but if a woman was, say, six 
months off her pension, the case 
would be looked at and something 
would be done,” Captain Barry 
said. “If she was two or three years 
oft I suspect what would happen 
would be that the officer would 
accept it or she might apply to be 
taken back in. That wouldn't be 
automatic and the case would be 
looked at carefully, because you 
have to consider not only the 
interests of die officer and the 
army, but of the child.” 

American service-women are 
allowed to stay on in the job well 
into their pregnancy, . wearing 
special maternity uniforms, and to 
return after the birth; a spokesman 
for the US Air. Force estimates 
that three-quarters of the married 
women in die force are mothers. 
Women in the Australian forces 
are entitled to the same maternity 
leave as their civil service counter- 
parts, with the same right to return 

to their jobs. “Sure, it causes, 
problems,” said an Australian 
army spokesman, “but no more 
than within the rest of the 

Women doctors in the British 
army, who are not subject to the 
same rules as other women offi- 
cers, can work as late as they like 
into their pregnancies and return 
after the birth, even though they 
too may be asked to go anywhere 
within 24 boors. 

Dr Jane Orr left the army eight 
weeks before the birth of her first 

‘American service- 
women have special 
maternity uniforms 9 

child, though one ofher colleagues 
stayed on. “I left because I had 
already twice in my career had to 
whizz off for a few weeks at short 
notice,” she said. “That doesn't fit 
in' very weD with breast-feeding 
your children.” 

It was thanks to Jane Orr that 
service-women married to civil- 
ians won, in 1979, the right to live 
in married quarters. When she 
claimed a low-rent army house for 
herself and her husband Michael, 
a civilian lecturer, she didn't 
realise that only men were eligible. 

“I didn't speciiy anywhere that I 
was female; there wasn't a [dace 
for that on the form,” she said. 
“When we’d been in the quarters 
for over a year they realized I 

wasn’t eligible and I was given two 
weeks to move out.” 

The local paper ran a story 
which was picked up by the 
national press and television, 
questions were asked in Par- 
liament, and wi thin months the 
rule was changed. 

But there is no sign of a re-think 
on the rule which Hmiwt pregnant 
service-women the right to stay in 
their jobs. Margaret Gibson, 
whose husband is a serving officer, 
left the army in 1978 when she 
became pregnant with her first 
child. “I wouldn’t have stayed on 
because I wanted to rear my 
children myseHj at least until 
primary school age,” she said. 
“But I can well understand that 
some women would want to. 

“The Government has just an- 
nounced that it's chang in g the law 
to give servicemen the same right 
as civilians to sue for compensa- 
tion if they’re injured. If that can 
be changed, I don't see why 
something which seems an awful 
lot smaller couldn’t be — why 
women couldn’t have their fam- 
ilies and carry on working. 

“In Germany I saw how beauti- 
fully organized the Americans 
have it, with cr&ches on stations. If 
civ ilian women can hold down a 
full-time job and still rear their 
families, why shouldn't we? I 
don’t see why we always have to 
make an exception of the services, 
why we have to make out that 
they’re a totally different species 
of human being.” 

Actress Ruby Wax 
has progressed 
from stoats to rats 

Bemused theatregoers may still 
remember Ruby Wax’s first role, 
as a stoat in Toad of Toad Hall at 
the Sheffield Crucible Theatre 
Never one to shun the limelight, 
she would, during the nightly trial 
scene, fling a stuffed pig to the 
floor, then attempt to revive it 
with moutb-fo-mouth resuscita- 
tion and cardiac massage. 

The pig, she says, never recov- 
ered from its unscripted heart 
attack; happily. Wax’s career did. 
Girls on Top. the satirical flat- 
share sitcom she co-wrote with 
fellow funnywomen Dawn 
French and Jennifer Saunders 
(who star in it with her), is 
currently into its second series. A 
32-year-old from Chicago, with 
machine-gun delivety, Wax por- 
trays a Jewish American princess 
with expensive tastes and a 
hotline home to beg for cash. 

In real life, the only daughter of 
wealthy parents, she has in leaner 
times been known to make 
similar requests; lapsing into pure 
Scarlett O’Hara, Wax lilts: “Ah 
depend on the kahndness of mah 
family . . ." Mr and Mrs Wax still 
have difficulty reconciling them- 
selves to her comic versatility: 
“When T tell them what I'm 
working on, they simply say typu 
mean you’re getting away with 
this — and being paid for it? ” 

Abandoning plans to become a 
psychologist, W ax hitch-hiked 
around Europe at 17 with a 
backpack and a yearning to 
become a classical actress. “I was 
always terrible at exams, es- 
pecially those logic tests which 
asked, ’Which is the odd one out 
— a dog, a cat, a hospital? Td sit 
for hours unable to work it out I 
can ’t think laterally.” 

She sailed through auditions to 
the Scottish Academy of Drama, 
and after winning a gold medal 
(and the unforgettable stoat stint) 
cornered the market in wenches 
with the RSC at Stratford. “I can 
-make a great cleavage if I use my 
stomach too,” she laughs. “But 
when I stood on the same stage as 
Judi Dench, I realized I stank as 
an actress.” 

She turned her hand to comedy 
at the suggestion of a flatmate, 
and was an original contributor to 
Not The Nine O'Clock News. 
Then, Wax claims, “I got cocky 
after a play of mine was success- 
ful off-Broadway, people told me 
to go to LA and become fabu- 
lously rich writing scripts. But LA 
is dead — there’s no eccentrics 
and no richness in people. I 
enrolled in Beverly Hills High 
School to do a typing course, hell- 

Come on get happy - modern style 

You can’t describe a perma- 
nent state of misery as de- 
pression or even post- 
modernist angst any more: All 
it is now is out of style. 

I have learnt this from an 
American writer who declares 
without any to-do that “Or- 
dinary happiness is, as a few 
people know, a part of the 
avant-garde now.” I’ll never 
catch up with the avant-garde. 

1 could swear that only a few - 
minutes ago, it was considered 
quite chic to be pale and 
vaguely tormented. The prob- 
lem pages of magazines were 
tbe ones that were the most 
thumbed. Novels were all 
about various states of broodi- 
□ess. It was no surprise that 
Kingsley Amis's The Old Dev- 
ils won the Booker Prize. It 
had everything we used to 
consider worthwhile: agonized 
discussion about old age and 
death and alcohol addiction. 
Ordinary misery, in fact 

How does one become or- 
dinarily happy” anyway? 
Happiness isn’t a constant 
state like breathing. The whole 
point about happiness is that 
it comes upon you in rare 
joyful break-outs so that you 
can distinguish it from the 

r PENNY 1 

dismal grey messiness that 
most honest people admit 
their lives to be. I suppose 
they'll stop admitting it now. 
If there’s one tiring people hale 
it is being considered a fuddy- 
duddy. In order to keep up 
with the times, I expect they 
will start practising snufingin 
the mirror. 

Demonstrations of- being 
over the moon with joy will 
trickle down from the top. 


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,t/ L 

First of all it win be pop stars 
who wfll start looking radiant 
instead of their former sulky 
selves, then politicians, and 
finally the men who sit in glass 
cubicles collecting your 
Underground ticket. 

Ordinary happiness is an 
avant-garde phase that I am 
afraid I will have to miss out 
on, just as I ignored the 
revival of the mini-skirt and 
Iulx-wann salads noth rasp- 
berry vinegar. 1 start each day 
with an ordinary feeling of 
desperation and I’m too set in 
my ways to change now. 
Ordinary despair runs in my 
family. If you asked my 
grandmother how she was, 
you never got a “Very well, 
thank you.” What you got WHS 
a deep sigh and a “How can 
you be?” 

Something else that’s very 
fashionable at the moment is 
post-feminism. There’s some 
confusion about what exactly 
the word means but I think the 
gist of it is that women have 
now got what they wanted and 
can go back to being the sort of 
people they were when all they 
had was what they didn’t 
want > 

An art exhibition consid- 

From Rich end a Miers, 

Wyfye, Wiltshire. 

When the library Association 
draws np its 10-page leaflet fa- 
local councils, providing infor- 
mation about the powers and 
duties of public libraries 
(“Black Looks at the littiest 
Books”, Monday Page, Nov- 
ember 24), it might be of 
greater benefit to the rising 
generation if, instead of 
concerning itself with the 
laughable banning of sexist 
and racist bodes, it tamed Its 
attention' to die quality of 
literatare and Slastrations of 
tbe children's books produced 

With a few notable excep- 
tions, modem books for chil- 
dren are badty written, crudely 
illustrated and as disposable 
as coraks. Is it not more 
important for children to grow 
up surrounded by good books, 
well-written and finely illus- 
trated, than by books that 
have been laundered of all 
spice and character? Surety 
quality breeds quality. 

It may be significant that 
most of tbe attractive, collect- 
able hardback children's 
books on sale today are written 
by Kenneth Grahame, Lewis 
Carroll. AA. Mifce. Beatrix 
Hotter and the like, while mos* 
of (he modern books are 

ered to be very post-feminist, 
called “Objects of Desire”, is 
currently on display in New 
York. Jt is all about women 
looking beautiful and very 
well-dressed. A few years ago 
the title of the exhibition alone 
would have led to demonstra- 
tions, but now ail people are 
interested in is who designed 
the dothes shown in the 

It is very post-feminist to 
worry about the way you look, 
although there’s a different 
emphasis about this now. 
Women want to look pretty so 
that they stand out at work, 
not so that they catch a man. 
My friend, Nonl a desperately 
hard-working and successful 
artist who arrives at her studio 
at 6am every day, has even 
admitted that she is bored 
with her hair. 

That is quite a surprising 
admission since her hair is 
variegated layers of candy- 
floss pink and lollypop orange. 
If she is bored, imagine how 
all those women who had pre- 
post feminist pudding-basin 
bobs must be fading. Wishing 
they had shoulder-length ring- 
lets, I expect. 


bent on becoming a secretary. But 
my hands shake; Fd type 
impossible' with four ‘g’s in it. 
The word ‘physiotherapist’ could 
cover an entire page.” 

The promise of Girls on Top 
rescued Wax from the impending 
oblivion of a Hollywood typing 
pool; while she is clearly dis- 
appointed by some recent vicious 
reviews, the Wax/Saundere/- 
French team still have the offer of 
a third series. A book of the show 
has just appeared, complete with 
cut-out dolls of the central 
characters and such crucial ad- 
vice as a guide to eating while 
standing at the refrigerator. 

In February Wax will reappear 
in a Channel 4 chat show whose 
revolutionary formula threatens 
to make Wogan look like 
Jackanory. “All the guests will be 
ou az once, a mix of celebrities, 
politicians, opinionated taxi driv- 
ers and people I meet shopping in 
Harrods.” She has written several 

Hollywood’s loss: Raby Wax 

film scripts and there is talk of a 
West End musical, featuring 
more rodents — this time, rats. 

Wax’s own life runs consid- 
erably more smoothly than that 
of the flat-sharing neurotic ah* 
portrays in her series. But like the 
girls in the series, she too has a 
problem with dating; men often 
find her humour intimidating 
“though if 1 wasn't funny, Fm 
sure Fd have other problems. 
Actually, I don’t encounter many 
men in my line of business. I’ve 
been known to go down to the 
City to try to meet some, but last 
time they liked my banter so 
much, I ended up being offered 
four jobs in the Futures market” 
If her own future hadn’t been 
looking quite so rosy, she con- 
fesses, she might even have been 
tempted. Anything beats playing 

Josephine Fairley 

Girls on Top is on ITV at 8.45pm 
Thursdays; the book is published 
by Grafton, price£4.95. 

© Timm NMnpapara Ud 1186 

shoddy paperbacks an cheap 
paper whose contents are as 
ephemeral as indigestion. 

From R. Baines, Colon, 
Cambridgeshire. . 

While I am glad that Fenny 
Jenden (“A New Head fa St 
Bob's Halo”, Wednesday 
Page, December 3) does not 
represent “the stereotyped im- 
age of the female charity 
worker”, and while I am sure 
she is a bright yoang woman, I 
was surprised to read that she 
“chucks” food bought but not 
needed “when something’s 
cropped up”. Doesn’t she 
mate use ofher refrigerator or 

Of course, one knows that 
the food she throws away does 
not feed the world’s hungry bat 

such a statement coming from 
a person administe ri ng the 
Famine Aid Funds is, a not 
meant to impress nr shod, 
extremely tactless with respect 
to the less well-off In this 

Perhaps she should work for 
nothing and ' try to feed her 
family on her husband's salary ‘ 
only. She might soon become 
less wasteful. 



Aiks rf the 


I ) Where in the World . . ? 
a) Where is Tombouctou? 
b) Where are the Maidive Islands? 
c) Where is the Tunguska? 
d) Where is Embu? 


b 2) Names to Remember 

m a) What is the capital of Honduras? 

b) What is the longest river In Asia? 

c) What is the capital of Mauritius? 

d) What is the highest mountain in Africa? 

Score 5 pants for every correct answer 


You really don’t seem to know where you are. Suggest you beg, borrow 

or steal £25 fa The Times Concise Adas - without delay. 


You seem to know some geography but could do with an update. 

Throw away your old Adas and invest in the newest and best 
- The Times Concise Adas. 


Congratulations - you really know the lie of the land, and your 
experienced eye wiU truly appreciate fee-beautiful cartography and 
wealth of accurate detail of the new edition of The Tunes Concise Adas, 
because only the best is good enough for you. 


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Buy yours today from your local bookshop 


«aot«W[q tWM’AJt* 


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two (q HAdtonJbj. IB 





Alan Franks in 
Port Stanley 

As good as 
the telly 

Britain is more willing to talk to 
Argentina than vice versa - on the 
high seas at least When a Tai- 
wanese fishing boat was pursued 
and sunk by an Argentine vessel 
just outside the Falklands’ exclu- 
sion zone, the captain of one of 
our Royal Fleet Auxiliary vessels, 
which was lying nearby, radioed 
the Argentine skipper asking for 
permission to rescue the Tai- 
wanese radio operator from the 
icy waters. There was no reply. 
While the drama unfolded, every 
word of the triangular exchaime 
between the captains — much of it 
in broken English — was being- 
heard by islanders glued to their 
radio-telephone sets. “It was com- 
ing through loud and dear for 
hours,” said Kevin Kilmartin, a 
sheep farmer. “The Taiwanese 
were miking to the Argentines and 
the British, the British were talk- 
ing to the Taiwanese and Ar- 
gentines, but the Argentines were 
miking only to the Taiwanese." 
And they called Mrs Thatcher 
Sefiora No. 

On canvas 

Algernon Asprey, the veteran 
landscape watercolourist, has just 
arrived in the Falklands on a 
mission both dear to his heart and 
to his past. For the next six weeks, 
hardy yompers win find him at his 
easel sketching the first lines of 
Bluff Cove, Goose Green, Tum- 
bledown Mountain and the rest, 
all to be fleshed out when he 
returns to England. The works will 
go on display at the Partridge 
Gallery in Bond Street next au- 
tumn. After that, one of the 
paintings is to hang in the mess of 
Asprey's old regiment, the Scots 
Guards, which played an im- 
portant role in ousting the Argies. 

Dry measure 

Alcoholism, traditionally the 
scourge of island communities, is 
being combated in Stanley by a 
Boozers’ Blacklist. Once on this, 

S iu cannot buy liquor anywhere 
r six months, a penalty which is 
easy to enforce in such a small 
town. It also becomes an offence, 
for anyone even to offer you a 
drink. Topers are usually put on 
the list by a doctor, publican or 
spouse, but desperate cases occa- 
sionally nominate themselves. 
There has just been a sharp 
increase in membership — from 
six to eight. 

Mine hostess 

A hotel in Port Stanley is still 
calling itself the Malvina despite 
what might be called a distinct- 
resurgence of British influence. 
The proprietor is unrepentant. 
“Malvina is a girl’s name, 
remember,” he tells me. “This is 
Malvina without the s. Besides, 
it’s only banana republics who 
constantly rename places. We are 
not, repeat not, a banana republic 

Civil street 

The re-siting of the islands* airport 
from Stanley to Mount Pleasant, 
40 miles away, is leading to a 
gradual mili tary drift from the 
civilian community. By April the 
process will be complete, with 1 
only the bomb disposal unit and 
medical staff remaining in any 
numbers in the capital According 
to John Smith, a classic Falklands 
pluralist of teacher, guest bouse 
owner and local history curator, 
the two communities have lived 
side by side more happily than 
some reports have suggested, and 
the soldiers will even be missed: 
“On Saturday nights we fight each 
other and they fight each other ” 
he tells me 

Hat trick 

You borrow, we -all suffer 

It has never been easier to borrow 
money. Twenty years agP a re- 
quest to a bank manager for a loan 
was usually refused. He would 
certainly not give a mortgage, or 
lend money for a holiday or a 
Christmas splurge. Credit cards 
were virtually unknown. That has 

aD changed, but the price has been 

higher interest rates. 

The volume of bank lending has 
been growing at more than 1 5 per 

cent a year and short-term interest 
rates ait over 1 1 per cent In West 
Germany, bank lending is gro wing 
at about 4 per cent aid interest 

rates are only 4 percent There has 
to be a connection, and a lesson to 
be learned. Interest rates are 
largely determined by the demand 
for credit in relation to the supply 
of savings; interest rates consis- 
tently in double figures are a fair 
indication that the demand for 
credit is excessive. , _ 

The old banking carta ef- 
fectively rationed credit, but now 
banks sell credit aggressively. New 
ways of lending money are con- 
stantly being promoted. Ba nks 

have entered the mortgage market; 

building societies are p lannin g to 
offer personal loans. 

Banks have shifted their lending 
substantially from industrial cus- 
tomers not only to the man in the 
street but to property developers 
and stock market speculators. 
This kind of lending is very 
profitable - and is not very 
sensitive to interest rates. Many 
people who pay 14 per cent on 
overdrafts arid up to 30 per cent 
on credit cards are concerned 
primarily not with the rate of 

John Maples calls for restrictions on the 
ever-rising level of personal credit 

At times, though, the military can 
be somewhat sharp with their 
civilian compatriots. The other 
day a young man was striding 
across the airport tarmac, his 
tweeds matched by a Sloanish cap, 
when a zealous young soldier 
barkingly demanded that he take 
it off He obliged, but in a doffing 
manner, believing it was alia joke, 
and put it on again. At this point a 
sergeant positively roared: “Take 
the bloody thing off!” The reason 
is that head gear can be blown by 
the south Atlantic winds into the 
air intakes of the jets. In this case, 
though, the man was more than 50 
yards from the plane, and the 
blades bad stopped turning. The 
victim, quite unruffled, strode on 
with the hauteur expected of the 
Honourable Christopher Monck- 
ton, until recently one of the 
Prime Minister’s young policy 
advisers, and son of famous old 
soldier Lord Monckton. 


‘Makes no difference. I'm 
sore Chapman Fincher has 
vrrittMi anntfwr moon' 

interest but whether they can meet 
the monthly payments. In the case 
of property development and 
share speculation, high interest 
rates are considered a small price 
to pay for a quick profit 
Because banks have increas- 
ingly concentrated their lending m 
these sectors, total demand lor 
loans has risen and interest rates 
have had to rise to attract the 
necessary funds. It is a fallacy to 
assume that the process begins 
with high interest rates attracting 
increased deposits. The. banks 
themselves are the engines of loan 
growth. Bankers are not passive 
intermediaries calculating how 
much they have taken in deposits 
before deciding how much they 
have available to lend. 

High interest rates are bad for 
the manufacturing industiy. 
Manufac turers investing in new 1 
plan t have to take long-term 
decisions: they most be sure they 
can make sufficient profits oyer 
several years to justify borrowing 
money at 12 or 13 percent and of- 
ten decide that the risk is too greaL 
Investment in manufacturing 
has fallen. NatWest’s lending to 
manufacturing and other produc- 
tion industries has grown over the 
past five years by only 33 per cent; 
lending to property companies has 
grown by 170 per cent and to 
individuals by 215 per cent Other 
Hanks show a rimiiar trend. 

It is oof just the direct cost of 
loans that works against pr oduo- 
tive investment. High interest 
rates encourage investors to keep . 

cash on deposit, or in property and 

the stock market, rather than ride 
it in industry. 

In the short term, the combina- 
tion of high interest rates ami 
instant loans for the individual is 

bad fin 1 everyone except banks and 

depositors. In the long run they 
too will suffer because of die' 
effects on industry — and hence 
the prosperity of the country as a 
whole - and on prices and the 
ability to pay. 

First, the effect on industry. 
Much of the money lent to 
individuals is spent on imported 
consumer goods — everything 
from cars to calculators. Record 
levels of retail sales are accompa- 
nied each month by record levels 
of manufactured imports. At the 
same time domestic industry is. 
deprived of the finance for new 
phnt that would make it more 
competitive against the* foreign 

man ufacturers of those products. 
This means higher unemployment 
' and, because of the effect on the 
b alance of payments, a weaker 
pound ami srin higher interest 

The constantly rising levels of 
personal lending are dangerous on 
another count. Individuals’ debts 
have risen from _ 50 per cent of 

disposable income five years a p 
to 85 percent now, and th e res ults 
are bong seen in the i ncreas ing 
number of defaults on mortgages, 
credit cards and personal loans. 
The record level of bouse prices 
and die stock market boom have 
been fuelled' principally by easy 
credit; both could fell dramati- 
cally, hurting a lot of people, if tte 
supply of credit were fin - any 
reason interrupted. 

Lower interest rates can be 
achieved only if growth of bank 
lending is substantially reduced. 
Then interest rates coul d fen 
without endangering the exchange 
rate. Sterling is under periodic 
pressure largely because of foe 
excessive growth in credit and the 
concern of fi«wicial markets that 
this win cause higher inflarion. 

A start could be made hy 
increasing down payments on 
hire-purchase - and deposits on 

mortgages «na by requiring much 
fester repayment of credit-card 
ami similar loans. There is no real 
reason not to go further and 
actively r etr a in bank lending to 
individuals property com- 
panies while encouraging lending 
for productive investment. The 
Bank of England has the power to 
do this. 

Lower interest rates resulting 
from lower credit growth would 
stimulate manufacturing invest- 
ment and prod u ction, improve the 
b»iawrf» of trade in manufactured 
goods and be accompanied by a 
less vulnerable exchange rate. 

The author is Conservative MP for 
West Lewisham. 

Anne Sofer 

Good news that’s 
kept dark 

s j.'* 

Bernard Levin: the way we live now 

In Christ’s name, speak up 

Even in Britain, I imagine, there 
must still be some collection 
between Christmas, Christianity 
and Christ, so perhaps this is an 
appropriate time of year (though 
Easter might be even better) for 
me to write about a man who is 
undergoing terrible persecution in 
the Soviet Union, probably unto 
death, for professing the Christian 
faith, and for nothing else at afl. 

His name is Alexander Ogor- 
odnikov. He was bom in 1950, 
and at the age of 23. while a 
student at the Cinematography 
Institute in Moscow, his interest 
in Christianity was awakened for 
the first time by the Pasolini film 
The Gospel According to St Mat- 
thew, soon afterwards he was 
received into the Russian Ortho- 
dox Church. Shortly after that, he 
was expelled from the Institute, 
and began on the via crucis that is 
the lot of any Christian in his 
country who wants to proclaim, 
and live by, his faith. 

With a group of like-minded 
friends, he began a private and 
informal discussion group called 
the Christian Seminar, they did 
not take any kind of public action, 
though they kept in touch with 
other such groups, and drew much 
inspiration from Father Dudko, 
who had suffered years of persec- 
ution for his Christian witness. 

Soon the pressure began. 
Ogorodnikov was driven from job 
after job, and from his home; he 
and his fellow Christians were 
interrogated, threatened, beaten 
up; some were put into the 
notorious Soviet madhouses-for- 
the-sane. (Ogorodnikov wrote to 
the World Council of Churches fin- 
help, but got none.) 

In November 1978 he was 
arrested and charged with “para- 
sitism”, the Catch-22 of the Soviet 
Union; the victims are prevented 
from getting a job, then pros- 
ecuted for not working. (As it 
happens, Ogorodnikov was ar- 
rested when he was actually on the 
way to be interviewed for a job; 
possibly the authorities were 
afraid he might get iL) 

The “trial” was of the usual 
kind; the public benches were 
filled in advance by the KGB, so 
that hit friends could not get in 
(even his wife and mother were 
admitted only after long argu- 
ments and for only part of the 
trial), and he was not allowed to 
call his witnesses. He was sen- 
tenced to a year in a concentration 
camp in the far east; he was beaten 
with truncheons after being sen- 
tenced, and beaten again when, on 
the way to the camp, he asked to 
see a priest 

Some of his colleagues in the 

Pauta Yocums 

Christian Seminar suffered simi- 
larly; Vladimir Poresh, for in- 
stance, was sentenced to five years 
in a concentration camp, to be 
followed by three years “internal 
exile". Ogorodnikov was accused 
of further offences arising out of 
Poresh’s trial at which be had 
refused to testify; he was therefore 
not released at the expiry of his 
sentence but transferred to a 
prison in Kalinin where, in 
September 1980, he was charged 
with “anti-Soviet agitation and 
propaganda”. The same procedure 
was followed, except that this time 
only his mother was allowed into 
the courtroom, and at first for only 
a few minutes; later in the trial it 
seems that either he made an 
attempt at suicide or he was 
attacked and injured by those who 
were holding him — at any rate he 
was bandagecland an ambulance 
stood by outside the courtroom 
throughout, while his mother was 
admitted again. This time Poresh 
was called as a witness, and in turn 
refused to testify against Ogor- 

Ogorodnikov, who was badly 
weakened by the hunger strike he 
had embarked on three months 
before his trial was sentenced to 
six years in a “strict regime” 
concentration camp (i t was the 
notorious and sinister Perm com- 
plex of the Gulag) to be followed 
by five years “internal exile”. 
Meanwhile, other members of the 
Christian Seminar and thdr 
friends were being imprisoned in 
jails or madhouses. 

In the camp, Ogorodnikov 
started another hunger strike, this 
time to force the authorities to la 
him have a Bible (they refused), 
and later on yet another hunger 
strike, in protest at not being 
allowed to see a priest He was 
allowed no visitors. 

He was subjected to specially 
inhuman treatment; he was often 
in a cell so cold that the walls were 
covered in ice, another cell was 
deliberately flooded with sewage, 
he was repeatedly put in die 
punishment cells for trivial rear 
sons or for none, and letters were 
withheld from him. It is hardly 
surprising that in a letter smug- 
gled out of the camp and ul- 
timately to the West he wrote: 
“Occasionally it seems to me that 
I should school myself to accept 
the idea that my welfare does not 
interest anyone but God”. _ 
Towards the end of his sen- 
tence, the same trick was played; 
he was charged with further 
offences, re-tried, and sentenced, 
in April of this year, to a further 
three years in a strict-regime 
concentration camp.. In May, be 
wrote the letter to which I have 
referred; it is worth quoting at 
some length: 

You must see that dearth appears 
to be the only way to end my 
agony, the only release. I have 
already committed the mortal sin 
of attempting to commit suicide. 
Sol beg of you- please appeal to 
the Presidium of the Supreme, 
Soviet to show me a me asure of 
mercy by ordering my exec ut ion 
by firing squad in order to put an 

end to the prospect of a lifelong, 
painfully slow torture by depriva- 
tion of living conditions fit for a 
human being, deprivation of 
books and culture, torture by 
hunger and cold, by incarceration 
in punishment cells, hu miliations , 
j total lack of rights. They even 
1 forbid me to pray, and my cross 
has been torn from around my 
i neck on numerous occ as ions. I 
have spent a total of 659 d ays on 
hunger strike, to protest a gains t 
their refusal to let me have a Bible 
and prayer book . . . 

Only the full glare of publicity 
fan alter my fete . . . Only this 
can restrain the hands of those 
who are otherwise free to wreak 
whatever atrocities they wxB 
... Only the incorruptible day- 
light can force lawlessness to 
pancf ... It seems to me that the 
outside Christian world knows 
nothing about the protest firsts 
which I have conducted, not to 
secure my release from prison! 
No! The aim was to have a Bible 
at my disposal a prayer-boo kand 
a cross to enable me to draw faith 
from the source of Divine 
Revelation . . . Will not the Un- 
iversal Christian -Church say at 
least a word in support of one of 
Her persecuted sons — errant and 
sinful hut still her son? What 
awaits me now? Only God knows. 

No doubt; but at least a few 
more people now know what has 
previously awaited Alexander 
Ogorodnikov for the crime of 
bang a Christian. But there are a 
few more who seem to need 
further instruction, and since the 
futher instruction is now avail- 
able, in die form of a docu ment 
written . by a group of Soviet 
Christians in paribus irfidelium 
to thdr co-religionists in lands 
where Christianity is not a crime, I 
think it worth concluding with 
some excerpts from that docu- 
ment too: 

walks the Punjab tightrope 


Rajiv Gandhi is faced with a 
political paradox when he consid- 
ers what to do next about the 
tormented northern state of Pun- 
jab. For though he must realize the 
necessity of maintaining a solidly 
Sikh state government, the more 
be gives open support to Siujit 
Singh Bamala, the chief minister, 
the less acceptable Suijii Singh 
becomes to the majority of Sikhs. 

Recent events in the state have 
proved t gp un how difficult it is for 
the government to control a 
determined tenor ca mp a i g n . The 
massacre of bus passengers at 
Hoshiarpur caused horror 
throughout the country, _ and a 
violent anti-Sikh reaction in 
Delhi That, of course, is just what 
the terrorists want for they be- 
lieve that the greater the polariza- 
tion between Sikh and Hindu, the 
sooner they will achieve their 
objective of an independent Sikh 
state ofKhalistan. 

Hindu families are moving out 
of Punjab — a process that will 
undoubtedly be accelerated by the 
Hoshiarpur killings and tire ran- 
dom machinegunning of crowded 
bazaars in mainly Hindu town 
centres that has happened every 
two or three months recently.' 

Sikhs are moving into Punjab, 
where they feel better protected. 
More Hum 25.000 Sikh femifes 

have re-established themselves in 
the state since the anti-Sikh riots 
that followed the assassination of 
Mis Indira Gandhi The widening 
gap in Punjab society is mak i n g 
the task of a “moderate” like 
Suijit Singh, who was elected by 
both Sikh and Hindu votes, of 
straddling the divide almost intol- 
erably difficult- 

He is not helped by the oppor- 
tunism of Sikh politicians. With 
the opening of the Punjab Assem- 
bly session today, Suqit Singh is 
challenged by a no-confidence 
motion tabled by a group of 
dissident members of his own 
a kali Dal (Immortal) Party. 

The party split when a group of 
legislators blamed him for actions 
which led to extremists bong 
rooted out of the Sikhs’ holiest 
shrine, the Golden Temple of 
Amritsar. In feet the split was not 
so much a heartfelt protest against 
the desecration of a holy place as a 
power play by a leading Akali 
politician, Prakash Singh Badal 
himself a former chief minister. 

Prakash Singh has never ac- 
cepted Suijit Singh’s leadership, 
but the split failed to bring down 
Suijit Singh, largely because be 
continued to have foe support, if 
be should need it of the assembly 
members befonging to Gandhi s 
Congress party. The Badal group 

is temporarily without its leader, 
since he was locked up under the 
draconian National Security Act, 
along with a number of his 
colleagues, for hob-cobbing with 
if ha listen is and allegedly giving 
encouragmient to terror. 

But a group of assembly mem- 
bers under the leadership of 
p ptain Ama ri nder Si ngh , who 
would be Maharajah of Patiala if 
there were still princes in India, is 
bidding for additional support 
during the no-confidence vote. 
Amannder declared last week that 
the Badal group would willingly 

reunite with the ruling Akali group 
under the leadership of anyone 
other than Suijit Singh. He specifi- 
cally mentioned tbs present Pun- 
jab finance minister, Balwant 
Singh, who is already manoeu- 
vring for power just as self- 
interestedly as the rest 

Self-interest will probably keep 
Suijit Singh's supporters together- 
during the vote of the 46 mem- 
bers of his group, 39 have jobs as 
ministers and foe other seven are 
all chairmen of state corporations. 
But foe outcome certainly de- 
pends on the way the 31 Congress 
members vote. ... . 

There is a feeling rn.the rest of 
- India that perhaps Suijit Singh has 
foiled, that his administration 
must carry foe blame for the 

ffipge st improvement 


If these headlines appeared on 
hoardings, heads would turn in 
incredulity. Everybody knows that 
standards are felling. It is not 
possible to turn on the television 

education in general and *yy e jj it’s not news then, 
ary education in parucukr. Edj- gut perhaps I malign them, 
lorials pontificate about it. neither Mr Baker nor Mr 

Oprinkm polls confirm their vw«^ £££ about 

And since politicians are alwaY 5 ^L « did 


“"ForSs'sake, how^nwe 



amrionsto cash months prevail- mesengure* slauS ucian 

Your Christian delegates are keen 
on visiting our cou ntry; your 
Christian preachers return home 
with a host of pleasant memories. 
But ... we are not permitted to 
live by simple Christian feelings — 
to believe, to be merciful to 
entreat, to defend, to love, to 
bring up children, to work and to 
teach. All these attempts are met 
"by harsh persecution . . . Maybe 
our position will become dearer 
to you if we simply say that 
service to God is forbidden to 
us . . . Knowing this . . . please 
abstain from helping die per- 
secutors to hammer yet another 
nail into the crucified body of Our 
Lord Jesus Christ, which you do 
every time one of yon makes 
confident assertions that there is 
no persecution of believers in the 
USSR ...We entreat you to raise 
your voice in defence of Alexan- 
der Ogorodnikov and, with all the 
means available to you in your 
free and democratic way of life, to 
try and secure his release. 

mg mood I have thought long and noivxw™ that poli- • 

tod about foe wisdom of fem interested. Per- , 

the fects before readers of The ucimis migni cbume d out 

Times. _ . 

However, here they are, culled 
laboriously with the aid of a 
po ck et calculator from a poorly 

printed, cheaply reproduced docu- 
ment from the Department of 
Education and Science which does 
not appear to have been intended 
to see the light of day and winch 
harefiy anybody seems to have 
heard of . _ 

In feet I can imagine two 
conversations about this docu- 
ment. Fust, in Kenneth Baker’s 
office above Waterloo station: 

“Secretary of State, we have 
some finely comprehensive figures 
of exam results here, going bade 
over a number of years. There s 
really been some quite pro misin g 
process, especially in the maths 
and science area. Would you like 
us to give them them to foe press 
office, and see if they want to 
Truk* something of than? A nice 
glossy publication like foe one we 
did on the City Technology Col-, 
leges, for instance?” 

“Hum. Ah. Now that’s rather 
awkward. Not the best of timin g. 
Mustn’t undermine the case fin* 
radical change. Maybe we should 
save them for a few months — May 
or October, say — it might depend 
on other events outside our con- 
trol No; I don’t think we need 
more publicity than necessary at 
present — T , 

Meanwhile at the House of 
r nmmons, in the office of foe 
shadow Education Secretary: “I 
say, Giles, as fer as I can 
understand these Latest figures I 
dug out of the DES, it seems as if 
exam results are getting better all 
foe time. Shouldn’t we be saying 
something about it? Proves foe 

CAnnig. i iv ■ w 

Percentages of school leaven with: 
One or more A level passes 
No A levels, but S or more O levels 
or CSE equivalent (Grade 1) 

1—4 O levels or CSE equivalent 
One or moreCSEs, Grades 2-5 
No O level or CSE qualification 

English O level or CSE 1 
Maths O level or CSE 1 
Science O level or CSE 1 
Modem language O level or CSE 1 

Proportion of pupBs in comprehensive schools 


1985 . 


17 - 


H - 


27 : 




9 . 


40 : 









Oofp p iHHj from a/ fif uen fl o n: School Lsavsrs CSEancf GGSE 1965. DES 

Simon Barnes 

Come and join 

failure to control the terrorists, 
that perhaps this time Congress 
should not keep him in power. So 
Gandhi has a choice to make. 
Does he pander to this sentiment, 
which is reinforced by the anti- 
Suijit feeling among Sikhs 
supporting the dissident Akalis? 
Or does he carry on supporting the 
mild-mannered chief, minister, 
who last week dashed to Delhi to 
consult him and masted after- 
wards that “there is no crisis”? 

. His problem is that the cure 
may be a good deal worse than the 
disease; There is no guarantee that 
if Balwant Singh- became chief 
minister he would be any more 
stable Suijit Singh, and the 
problem with Prakash Singh Badal 
is that he has had to get altogether 
too dose to the Khalistanis to be 
able to control tbeir activities. The 
third alternative, which is being 
urged on Gandhi from some 
quarters is to suspend foe demo- 
cratic constitution in Punjab once 
again and impose president's rule; 

But foal would alienate the 
entire Sikh population-arid revive 
foe bitter memories of the anti- 
Sikh violence after Mrs Gandhi’s 
assassination. Things would have 
to gel a good deal worse before 
that became a truly viable alter- 

Michael Hamlyn 

I have a new ambition. I want to 
catch a 263 bus outside Waitrose 
in Totteridge and ask foe fere to 
foe Two Brewers. When told that 
if s 30p, I shall laugh disdainfully 
and o tier 15p. When it is refused, I 
shall tell the one-man operator. 
“OK, OK, twenty pence — and 
that’s positively my last price.” ; 

I have spent foe last four weeks 
in Bah, where you bargain over 
everything, including bus feres. 
The buses are called bemos, and 
are either minibuses or converted 
trucks. It’s astonishing how many 
people can cram themselves into 
one when they really try. I once 
counted 27 in a lOseater minibus; 
wen, to be precise, 24 in foe bus 
(not to mention enough chickens 
to stock a battery farm), and the 
other three hang in g from the door 
like yachtsmen in a Fence 8 gale.- 

As a way of getting dose to the 
people, riding the beanos cannot 
be beamed. I haveafizm and fixed 
betiefi unshaken by any number of 
■ ap palling experiences; that the 
only way to see a country is by 
public transport. After all if you 
travel in a hired car, you are not in 
the country at all You are just 
looking at it from the equivalent 
of your own second home. 

As a way of feeling lost, in- 
secure, wonted, and perpetually 
looking an utter fool travelling by 
local transport has no equal If you 
want to be hideously uncomfort- 
able and treated without any of the 
respect due to a sahib or a toan, 
then public transport has every- 
thing going for it. I have paid a 
porter to shove me through the 
window of an Indian tram, bar- 
ricaded my door on board the 
Irawaddy ferry, and been lost fora 
full hour in the space of a couple of 
hundred square yards at Ueno 
station in Tokyo. 

The principle of travelling by 
bus and train was first established 
when my personal finances made 
it a choice between public trans- 
port or not travelling at alL I have 
stude to it ever since. Perhaps I am 
just vainly striving to establish 
some kind of street-feed, o tjolan- 
ared as it is called in Indonesia. 
The trouble is, in Indonesia, you 
can daim to have jalan-cred only 
if you pay foe right -fere on your 
bemo. ■ -- ; ■ . 

. There are two basic techniques 
for adneving -this. -The first is to 
bargain before the jomney begins. 

as you wouldin a taxi The second 
is to look coot this is the 
technique I favour. At the end of 

the journey, you hand over a 500 
rupiah note (about 20p) with an 
air of infinite knowingness. The- 
bemo conductor is forced by your 
very coolness to give you change: 
sometimes even the correct. 

rfiang R. 

There are plenty of traps for the 
unwary. If you get into an empty 
bemo alone,' the driver will as- 
sume the bemo is no longer public, 
that you have chartered it for your- 
personal private use. The price 
for a charter tends to be fanciful 
But occasionally it is necessary: a 
bemo will not cover a route unless, 
die driver thinks he can pick up at 
least twice as many people as the 
vehicle will safely hold. 

I was forced into chartering on 
one occasion when marooned at a 
village populated entirely, as fer as 
I could make out, by wood 
carvers. The mice agreed, we set 
off a few moments later foe bemo 
stopped and filled up with a dozen 
stunningly beautiful schoolgirls. It 
then occurred to me that I was 
being taken for a ride. 

I made my protest. This is no 
longer a charter deal I said. I 
would pay the correct public fere, 
no more. Very well they said, 
we’ll throw the girls off But 1 
couldn't see myself in a role 
straight from Victorian melo- 
drama, casting out innocents not 
into a frozen night, perhaps, but 
into a sweltering noon, which can 
be almost as bad. Afl right, I said: 
they stay-, I pay. 

Smiles aD round. But then the 
bemo conductor started collecting 
feres from the girls. One smile 
abruptly faded. I have chartered 
this bemo? Indeed yes. Therefore 
it is my bemo, yes? Well, yes. Then 
the girls are my guests: they travel 
free. Yes? 

I can think of some places where 
that wouldn't work, where such a 
confrontation would lead to a 
definite contretemps. But there’s 
no one nicer anywhere than a 
Balinese. The conductor laughed 
and told the driver. The driver 
laughed, and foe girls giggled. 
T ™2 , on giggling until they 
wfiere they got 
out, foanked me prettily and 
giggled some more. 

We drove on. Again I was sole 
dwjwrwof foe bemo, pleased that 
* h*® to do a good deed. 

Above all l felt suffused with a 
great bum of jalartcred, for had I 
a beDao conductor? 
i l really must tty it on the 263 
m the morning. 



*■? fe 

•v as- . 

I 5 

mans migui us “**~*~ ~ . 

regarded as 

debate, however, theysurely must 

be significant. They show that, at 

the v^ylSst, we are unvelhng in 

foe right direction. The results 
have not been going down - as tor . 
instance test scores have in foe . . 
United States. If the standards of - 
our education system are oeniiia 
those of some other countries, nw 
because we started further behind,- . 
in that pre-comprehensive era . 
often evoked nowadays as a 
golden age. Certainly we want to 

■ make fester progress — but that is a 

very different thing from suggest- _ 
ing that foe whole journey has _■ 
been misconceived. 

We have all been rattled by the . 

long misery of the teachers pay 

dispute, di^usted by the bickering 

between the teachers’ unions, and 
both angry and guilty about our . 
own failure as adults to protect 
children from educational dam- . 
age. Those of us who live or work - 
in London are also depressed by - 
foe apparently unavoidable pros- “ 
pect of self-immolation by a - 
number of Labour education 
authorities. But it would be a ■ 
terrible mistake to extend these . 
reactions to foe entire system. It is ~ 
not without hope. Indeed, it has 
certain strengths which, if we are 
not careful we wiU lose altogether 
from sheer despair. 

The least we could do to cheer _ 
ourselves up over Ch rist m as is to ~ 
have these noi-so-gloomy statis- 7 . 
tics more widely publicized. I 
hope Mr Baker wul see to iL 
The author is a member of the SDP 
national committee. 



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For the chairman of GEC Mr 
James Prior, to call for an 
independent inquiry into 
Whitehall’s evaluation of the 
NimrodAwacs performance, 
when adecision by the Cabinet 
is less than a week away, 
reflects a very curious sense of 


There is, as it happens, a 

Defence waited for the other 
Nato powers to make up their 
minds - always a lengthy 
process when money is in- 
volved. It was only when the 

RAF said it could wait no 
longer, given the age of the 
Shackletons, that the choice 
was finally made. While it is 

rJ i ia 1 5P ens ’ a ^ toat the RAF would the other over, respectively, 
^fnniiirv C Rut itch*? 0 /,? 1118 ? have preferred to buy the requirements to be met 

Slowed m ,t d 1 rta5 0 ^ < !i n ° t be Awacs - a proven system and the competence of the 
aSSrtfu ay ~ rt was persuaded for political system in meeting them, that 

2^ ns to ^P 1 afl- some kind of investigation is 
mn!I?r£fon^f PUL?* Co ™' ® ntish alternative. At the time called for in the public interest 

2? nS Jm o?.? 6 !?* ■ C0mrait ' t * ia . t seeded a sensible de- The country cannot afford to 
lee will conduct its own cision. ■ h 9 &t ♦hi* Wnrt r,f 

investigation into the history 
and decision-making process 
of the Nimrod/Awacs procure- 
meat But its conclusions will 
be pertinent to the future 
rather than the present 

Officially, the Government 
has yet to decide which system 
will ffil the RAF*s requirement 
for an airborne early warning 
(AEW) aircraft to replace the 
greying Shackletons of No. 8 
4^uadron in Lossiemouth. The 
Cabinet is expected to do so on 
Thursday after its Defence and 
Overseas Policy Committee 
has reached its own conclu- 
sions on the previous day. But 
Mr Prior himself would seem 
to have no illusions over the 
recommendation which Mr 
George Younger, as Defence 
Secretary, will take to the 

The irony of the AEW story 
is that when the original 
decision to plump for Nimrod 
was taken nine years ago, it 
was remarkably free from 
controversy. The airframe 
(based on the old Comet) had 
.already proved itself in a 
^maritime reconnaissance role; 
and to award the contract to 
British Aerospace and GEC 

Eleven Nimrod aircraft were 
subsequently built by British 
Aerospace — and are ready and 
waiting for take-off. The Nim- 
rod itself has some drawbacks 
when compared with the 
Awacs (a derivative of the 
Boeing 707). For one thing, it 
is slightly smaller and so has a 
more limited payload — al- 
though Mr. Prior maintains 
that GEC has more than 
compensated for this. For 
another, its engines are built 
into the wings and so are 
arguably more difficult to ser- 
vice or replace than those of 
the Boeing (which are slung 
beneath the wings and can 
easily be removed.) But no- 
one is seriously concerned 
about the competence of the 
aircraft to do the job. 

The doubts surround the 
radar. Its data handling 
capability and its poor perfor- 
mance over land fell short of 
the RAFs requirement when it 
was first shown to the service. 
It was the alleged continuing 
failure of the system to meet 
this requirement which led the 
Ministry of Defence earlier 
this year to reopen the contract 
to fresh competition from 

made sense in the context of Boeing. And it is on the basis 
jobs and home-grown technol- of this latest evaluation that 

But it was a close-run thing. 
The alternative was for Britain 
to join its Nato partners in 

the decision would seem to 
have swung in favour of the 
American option. 

Mr Prior angrily insists that 

procuring a fleet of Awacs to the GEC system has now 
patrol the skies over the whole solved all its earlier problems 

of Western Europe, from 
North to South. For month 
after month the Ministry of 

and is now well up to the task 
ahead of it It is his frustration 
over reports that the RAF 


1 1 H 

Seventy-five years ago yes- 
terday, the Antarctic ex- 
pedition led by the Norwegian 
explorer Roald Amundsen, ar- 
rived at the geographic South 
^ Pole, over a month ahead of 
c the rival and ill-fated British 
expedition under Captain 
Robert Scott Amundsen thus 
became the victor in what has 
been described as the longest 
ski race in history. 

But apart from periodically 
recalling the heroic efforts of 
these great explorers, public 
attention has rarely focused on 
the day-to-day affairs of Ant- 
arctica. Indeed, it is usually 
seen as little more than a 
backwater where scientists col- 
lect useful meteorological 
information for weather fore- 
casts. AH that is about to 
change. , . . . 

The aerial and geological 
surveys that have been con- 
ducted over the past 25 years 
have shown that Antarctica, a 
continent whose land .mass 
exceeds the combined size of 
China and India, contains an 
abundance of mineral wealth, 
both on and off-shore. Al- 
though the exploitation of the 
land-based minerals shown in 
the surveys, such as iron ore, 
copper, silver, manganese, 
lead and titanium, still con- 
fronts formidable technologi- 
cal difficulties, the 
exploitation of the vast re- 
serves of oil and gas beheved 
* to lie beneath the seabed is a 

? real possibility. 

Throughout this period, 
Antarctica has been governed 
hv an international treaty 
which has held the ronflicMg 
territorial ctamstf Britan, 
Arsentina and CMe in aoey 
anoe prohibited all fonns of 
Xlitary activit y and n uclear 

latino and suspended pro- 
posai^ for developmentofthe 
continent’s mmeralwealtt 

Over the I® 1 
however, the 


Tories and Alliance 


Sir, I regret tMjw singular 

? ack of the “present electoral pos- 
ing of the at Exeter this 

iti°" '"J^rl^mber 10), m 
week (report, , “head on 
which he aW 

confro lS? 0 hardly be said that 

Ii ne^ JranW . divergent 
policy between the 

SciaJ Alliance, 


would open up the continent 
for development and exploita- 
tion. Knowledge that these 
discussions are taking place is 
propelling Antarctica from its 
position of benign obscurity 
into acrimonious international 

The 32 contracting parties to 
the 1959 treaty — including the 
leading states from the West, 
the Eastern bloc and the Third 
World — have been accused by 
a group of non-partidpatory 
states within the United Na- 
tions, led by Malaysia, of 
seeking to assume control over 
Antarctica’s mineral wealth. 
These states are demanding 
that Antarctica be placed 
under the jurisdiction of the 
United Nations, and its 
bounty distributed equitably 
among all nations. Environ- 
mentalist lobbies have also 
bitterly attacked all proposals 
to tap Antarctica’s mineral 
wealth, and have called for the 
entire continent to be declared 
i World Park. 

In the light of such criti- 
cisms, the casual observer 
could be forgiven for thinking 
that the existing treaty system 
had been a failure. In fact, 
nothing could be further from 
the truth. The treaty has 
successfully frozen conflicting 
territorial claims, kept Cold 
War politics out of 
Antarctica’s affairs, safe- 
guarded the continent’s 
unique environment and gen- 
erated an enviable atmosphere 
of international sdentific co- 

Moreover, contrary to the 
allegations made by Malaysia 
and its supporters, participa- 
tion in the negotiations for 
opening up Antarctica for 
development are not restricted 
to the “rich nations.*’ Any 
state which has sponsored 
expeditions to conduct geo- 
logical surveys can become a 
party to the treaty and thus to 
the present negotiations. Both 
China and India have recently 
done so. 

parties have their internal argu- 
ments as to wbat their correct 
policies should be and how their 
objections can be best achieved. 

But far more important is the 
need to establish a broad band of 
bipartisan agreement as far as 
possible on fundamental issues 
within which in due course the 
two parties can compete for 
electoral support. 

The real divide now is between 
those who seek to impose social- 
ism on the nation and those who 
will fight uncompromisingly to 
uphold a free society and a 

Accordingly, calls , for the 
abolition of a treaty system 
which has succeeded beyond 
the expectations of its authors 
and which has been suf- 
ficiently flexible to adjust to 
changing international 
circumstances are thoroughly 
irresponsible. Furthermore, it 
is highly doubtful that 
Malaysia’s call for a com- 
pletely new administrative 
framework, based on the com- 
mon heritage principle which 
governs the 1982 Law of the 
Sea Convention, would be 
more successful than the exist- 
ing treaty system. There is 
even a risk that Malaysia’s 
proposals would lead to a free- 
for-all that could undermine 
the stability that presently 
characterises Antartica. 

The anxieties expressed by 
environmentalist groups about 
the impact of systematic min- 
eral exploitation on 
Antarctica’s delicate ecology 
are understandable. But to 
demand the prohibtion of all 
mineral development as a 
result is unrealistic. It would 
be far better to ensure that any 
reform of the Antarctic Treaty ' 
which permits mineral exploit- 
ation, also incorporates both 
stringent provisions for the 
protection of the environment - 
and clear obligations to make 
good any damage caused dur- 
ing development 

The challenge to the legiti- 
macy of the Antarctic Treaty 
from within the United Na- 
tions is likely to become 
increasingly vocal over the 
next few years, particularly 
since the new legal framework 
governing mineral exploita- 
tion could emerge by the end 
of the decade. But life existing 
treaty system is backed by a 
substantial international 
consensus. Assuming that the. 
problems presented by 
conflicting territorial claims 
can be resolved, the Antarctic 
Treaty, revised to permit min- 
eral exploitation, deserves to 
survive the assault 

respectable market economy. 

Mr Brittan does a positive 
disservice to the longterm interest 
of the country, as well as to his 
own party in the run-up to the 
election, by his advocacy of a 
damaging strategy. Conservatives 
and Alliance supporters alike 
should get their priorities in order. 

The first priority for us all must be 
to ensure Labour’s defeat. 

Yours etc, 

Goldsmith BuMng,Temple£ C4. 
December 10. 

Labour’s non-nuclear commitment 

technical evaluation has still 
come down in favour of the 
American system which lies 
behind his call for an indepen- 
dent inquiry. 

By all means let us have 
such an inquiry. The Ministry 
and GEC have levelled bitter 
accusations that each misled 
the other over, respectively. 

system in meeting them, that 
some kind of investigation is 
called for in the public interest. 
The country cannot afford to 
make a habit of this kind of 

To suggest, however, as 
some MPs are now doing 
(Conservative as well as La- 
bour), that the Government is 
preparing to sell out British 
industry to transatlantic com- 
petition — in order to please 
President Reagan or whom- , 
ever — is manifest nonsense. It 
would be cheaper and politi- 
cally much easier (with an 
election coming up) for the I 
Government to repledge its 
faith in Nimrod. The only 
reason why' it could ever I 
contemplate rejecting it and ! 
buying from Boeing is that 1 
Awacs is demonstrably better. 
But that, nine years on, should 
surely be the only safe cri- 

Mr Prior’s assertion that the 
technical assesment in favour 
of Awacs is “outrageous and 
biased** has already drawn an 
unusual denial from the RAF. 
It is, indeed, an extraordinary 
assertion to make, given the 
pressures on the ministry to 
stay with its original decision. 
A switch to Awacs, in feet, ’ 
leaves the RAF with the 
problem of what to do with 
with eleven completed Nim- 
rods aircraft which have been 
designed for a specialised role 
like this. 

Regettable though it may be, 
however, the Government 
should now buy American and 
try to secure the most generous 
onset arrangements it can 
from Boeing. Mr Prior’s in- 
quiry might then concentrate 
on why it did not do so Jong 

From Drp. W. Jowitt 

Sir, As the Labour Party launches 

its defence policy, the electorate 

win be assailed from all sides with 

conflicting statements of military 

strategy, cost-effectiveness and 


If nuclear deterrence is a re- 
assurance — and I accept to some 
it is not- such reassurance is not 
the result of sophisticated and 
convoluted military argument, 
but because the prosecution of a 
nuclear war places those who press 
the button at as much risk as the 
rest of us. We therefore rely on 
their sense of sdf-preservarion. 

Thus, Mr Kinnock’s exclama- 
tion that he is prepared to die for 
his country, yet is not prepared to 
allow his country to die for him, is 
hardly a sound basis for uni- 
lateralism. Good rhetoric, but 
little else. 

Yours faithfully, 


Imperial College of Science and 

Falmouth Keogh HaG. 

Prince’s Gardens, SW7. 

December 10. 

From Mr Graham Greene, CH 
Sir, Surely the disaster at 
Chernobyl has demonstrated, as 
far as Europe West and East is 
concerned, that a nuclear umbrella 
would remain, even if all midear 
weapons were destroyed. 

Is a conventional war in Europe 
possible when it would involve the 
probable destruction — or at least 
the cracking — of a dozen 
Chemobyls in England, France, 
the USSR? Will either side care- 
fully refrain from any ‘‘accidental'’ 
bombing of a peaceful nuclear 

In fret, the peaceful nuclear 
plants provide Europe with a 
cheaper umbrella than that pro- 
vided by nuclear weapons. 

Yours truly, 


Antibes, France. 

December 10. 

From Mr D. G. A. Sanders 
Sir, It is easier to be conscious of 
the threats that remain than it is to 
recognise the progress that has 
been made by removing threats of 
the past. Within my lifetime it has 
become unthinkable for the 
present members of Nato to make 
war on one another, largely thanks 
to acts of statesmanship (at least in 
this respect) by the leaders of 
France and the German Federal 

It is to be hoped that this 
country will also be able to 
demonstrate statesmanship by the 
contribution its leaders make 
towards total nuclear disarma- 
ment, not as a matter for patty 
political advantage in an 
approaching general election, but 
as a primary need to enable the 
human race to use the world’s 
resources to better effect 

Surely, Sir, we in the United 
Kingdom should exert our efforts 

President at bay 

From Dr A. L. Rome, FBA 
Sir, All that is wrong with Presi- 
dent Reagan is that as constitu- 
tional monarch he needs a proper 
Prime Minister . . . such as we 

Yours sincerely, 


All Souls College, Oxford. 

From Mr George Ivan Smith 
Sir, For guidance Washington 
need look no farther than Winston 
Churchill (Their Finest Hour), 
who said that if “Number one” 
trips, he must be sustained; “if he 
makes mistakes they must be 
covered. If be sleeps he must not 
be wantonly disturbed. If he is no 
good be must be pole-axed". 

Yours etc, 


Elm Cottage, 

Butterow West, 

Stroud, Gloucestershire. 

Electricity hazard 

From Mr Derek J. T. Last 
Sir, Having arrived home last 
Sunday evening from a day away I 
sought something to eat quickly. 
My daughter’s sandwich toaster 
immediately came to mind. A 
delicious cheese toasted sandwich 
came forth. 

I disconnected the 13-amp plug, 
which burnt my hand, and found 
the wires loose. About a third of all 
the other plugs in the house had 
similar faults. 

We are SO cycles a second on 
current now and that has a 
powerful loosening effect on 
terminals, with consequent fire ■ 
risk. This ought to be understood 
by everyone. 

Yours faithfully, 

DEREK J. T. LAST, Director, 

L B. Lighting Ltd, 

Beeching Road, 



December 3. 

Patent protection 

From the President of the Char- 
tered Institute of Patent Agents 

Sir, Over the past years, the 
governmental attitudeto intellec- 
tual property has been one of 
general indifference, punctuated 
by sporadic, short-lived, and often 
abortive, bursts of activity. 

The absence from the Queen’s 
Speech of any reference to copy- 
right reform indicates something 
beyond mere indifference; one can 
hardly avoid seeing it as the 
manifestation of a deliberate pol- 
icy of downgrading intellectual 
property. May I refer to another 
instance of what seems to be the 
prevailing view? 

The use of the title “patent 
agent” is at present restricted to 
those who have passed qualifying 
examinations which are super- 

nol to score points off one 
another, but rather to the achieve- 
ment of the best collective use of 
Nato's combined resources for 
defence purposes. 

This cannot come about solely 
by cowering behind an umbrella 
provided by the United States of 
America, or, indeed, by leaving it 
to others to do what we should 
share in ourselves. Nor can it 
come about by treating only with 
suspicion gestures made by the 
new leaders of the Soviet Union, 
who do show signs of a more 
positive approach to the develop- 
ment of mutual trust. 

As believers in democracy we 
need to negotiate from a position 
of moral and physical strength m 
order to bring an end to futile 
political posturing and the prof- 
ligate waste of h uman and ma- 
terial resources in a world crying 
out for their better use. 

Yours truly, 



Worth, West Sussex. 

December 10. 

From Dr Colin Howson 
Sir, The authors of the Labour 
Party report. Modern Britain in a 
Modem World, have an unsure 
grasp of modern history. They 
state that “so far no nuclear-armed 
state has taken up their ingenious 
invention and deployed it against 
a non-nuclear neighbour.” 

May 1 suggest that Mr Kinnock 
and his co-authors consult any 
history of the Second World War 
(1939-45) where they will learn 
that in 1945 one nuclear-armed 
state did drop atomic bombs on a 
non-nuclear neighbour, and that 
this action brought a speedy 
termination to a war waged up to 
that point with conventional 
weapons. Moreover, and this 
should surprise the authors even 
more, it was the country which 
was winning the conventional war 
which used them. 

Yours faithfully, 


The London School of Economics 
and Political Science, 

Department of Philosophy, Logic 
and Scientific Method, 

Houghton Street, WC2. 

December 11. 

From Mr Francis Pagan 
Sir, All the arguments for and 
against the British nuclear deter- 
rent seem to assume that we 
should be defending ourselves 
only against the Soviet Union, 
with the support of the United 
States and our Nato Allies. 

How would Labour’s defence 
policy meet a nuclear blackmail 
threat to this country alone by 
some other State which may in the 
future acquire a nuclear capabil- 
ity, in circumstances where we 
could not conm bn the United 
States to defend us? 

Yours faithfully, 


L5 Albany, 

Piccadilly, Wl. 

Treasure trove offence 

From Mr Robert Key, MP for 
Salisbury (Conservative) 

Sir, Dr John Wood and Miss Clare 
Conybeare, in calling attention 
(December 6) to the Treasury’s 
intended award of £2,000 to a man 
convicted of an offence under the 
Ancient Monuments and 
Archaeological Areas Act 1979. 
are absolutely right to call for a 
change m the regulations govern- 
ing treasure trove. 

The discovery in question and 
the subsequent court case both 
occurred in my constituency and I 
have therefore raised the matter 
with the Chief Secretary to the 

In reply, Mr MacGregor has 
pointed out to me that under the 
present arrangements the convic- 
tion cannot be the only consid- 
eration of the Treasure Trove 
Reviewing Committee. Ex-gratia 
payments to finders of treasure 
troves were always intended 
specifically to encourage finders to 
report promptly the facts and 
location of archaeologicaUy im- 
portant finds. 

In this case he judged that the 
finder should not be rewarded the 
full value of the trove, but he 
believed a payment of less than 
half reflected a proper balance 
between the fact of the conviction 
and the reporting of the find. Mr 
MacGregor has assured me that if 
there is evidenoe that awards of 
this sort are encouraging delib- 
erate damage, he would tike that 
into account in reaching future 

The case has also convinced 
him that it is right to look again at 
the guidance on payment of ex- 
gratia awards to finders of trea- 
sure troves, which was first issued 
as long ago as 1955. This review 
has already been pot in train by 
Treasury officials, in consultation 
with others. 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Commons. 

vised by the Government, and 
who are listed in the Register of 
Patent Agents. However, the Of- 
fice of Fair Trading, in its recently 
published Review of the Patent 
Agents Profession, now say that 
tins title is “descriptive” and 
therefore has a monopoly effect. 

To counter this, the OFT 
specifically recommends that the 
use of the title “patent agent” 
should no longer be subject to any 
legal restriction, so that anyone 
should be able to call themselves a 
patent agent regardless of their 
knowledge of patents. In other 
words, foe OFT regard the 
monopoly effect of an accurately 
descriptive title as so undesirable 
that they are deliberately 
endeavouring to make it 

This is consistent with Sir 
Gordon Borne’s view that the 

Extra stress in 
casualty wards 

From Mr Stephen Miles and others 
Sir, The reallocation of funds 
away from the South-east and 
various other budget reductions 
have not unnaturally affected 
accident and emergency depart- 
ments, in most of which the junior 
staffing has been static or falling in 
recent years. 

At the same time the numbers 
of patients attending have been 
rising, particularly in foe east end 
of London. The result is that 
waiting times in most accident 
and emergency departments are 
escalating dramatically, and are 
often in excess of four hours. 

Staff, already under extreme 
stress as a result of inadequate 
numbers, are often the unfortunte 
recipients of the vilest verbal 
abuse; in addition, the incidence 
of threatened and actual physical 
violence is rising alarmingly. 
These conditions make recruiting 
of both nursing and medical staff 
increasingly difficult, with con- 
sequent further effects on the 

The responsible Minister, Mr 
Tony Newton, has recently sugges- 
ted that new funds allocated to the 
Health Service may be applied, at 
least in part, to reduction of 
waiting lists for planned surgery. 

As accident and emergency 
consultants working in the North 
East Thames Region, we feel that 
these problems are just as serious 
as the length of waiting lists, and 
that both areas demand urgent 

Yours sincerely, 




St Bartholomew’s Hospital, 

West Smithfield, EC1. 

December 2. 

Logic of EMS 

From Mr J. L. Carr 
Sir, I find it hard to follow the 
reasoning behind the Prime 
Minister’s reported belief that 
membership of the European 
monetary system would involve 
higher interest rates. 

Surely, if exchange rates can 
move only between narrow limits 
in the short run, the possible gains 
from speculation will be restricted 
and foe interest-rate adjustments 
needed to make short-term - 
speculation unattractive will be 
smaller than what might be re- 
quired to restore confidence in the 
absence of a fixed parity. 

In the longer term it seems 
reasonable to assume that occa- 
sional parity adjustments will not 
usually exceed what is necessary to 
restore competitiveness and this 
will again inhibit expectations of 
sudden large movements. It is the 
volatility of the foreign exchanges 
that, from time to time, makes 
steep rises in interest rates nec- 

Of course, if the Government 
were prepared to let sterling fail 
freely rather than raise interest 
rates, the Prime Minister’s logic 
would be unassailable. But I doubt 
whether this Government really 
wants to encourage the accelerat- 
ing inflation that would follow 
such an uncontrolled fall 

The way to lower interest rates 
is through lower inflation and this 
is most likely to be achieved if we 
are willing to make frequent small 
changes in interest rates to keep 
the pound steady at a level that is 
realistic, having regard to our 
present circumstances. 

Yours faithfully, 


56 Bournemouth Drive, 

Heme Bay, Kent 

Freedom of choice 

From Lady Cox and others 
Sir. There is one human right in 
which the Parental Alliance for 
Choice in Education has a special 
interest: the right of people to have 
their children educated in confor- 
mity with their own religious and 
philosophical convictions. This 
right is guaranteed under article 2 
of protocol no 1 of (he European 
Convention on Human Rights. 

We recently wrote to all four 
main. political parties asking them 
if they supported article 2. All but 
the Labour Party responded affir- 
matively. Mr Kinnock’s party 
twice refused to give the assurance 
we sought 

We hope your readers will note 
the strange dissonance between 
Mr Kinnock's rhetoric on human 
rights abroad and his party's 
refusal to undertake to protea this 
important right here at home. 
Yours Ac, 


FRED NAYLOR. Hon Secretary, 
The Parental Alliance for Choice 
in Education, 

2 Kingsdown House, 

Kingsdown, Corsham, Wiltshire. 
December 3, 

OFT is not required to give any 
consideration to the interests of 
the public, but only to removing 
monopolies, even when this is not 
in the best interests of the relevant 

If there is to be no impending 
legislation on patents, copyright 
and hiving-off of the Patent 
Office, the Government has an 
invaluable breathing space. It 
must use it to counteract the 
muddled and doctrinaire thinking 
of the OFT by insisting that foil 
weight is given to the importance 
to British industry of strong and 
effective patents, trademarks and 

Yours faithfully, ‘ 

K. B. WEATHERALD, President, 
The Chartered Institute of Patent 

Staple Inn Buildings, 

High Holbom, WC1. 

December 8. 


DECEMBER 15 1870 

This despatch was written shortly 
ifter the failure of the grande sortie 
when the French troops in Paris 

tried to break the siege of the 
Prussian army. The plight of the 
wounded became appalling as 
winter hardened, until on January 
27 the French were granted an 
armistice. Larousse describes the 
Archbishop of Syracuse as an 
"aventurier’* who later broke with 
the Church and married a retired 

(continued from The Times of 
December 10.) 


(From our special correspondent) 
PARIS, Dec. 3- 

By the time I bad got to the 

field the fighting was over, all but a 
few stray rifle shots fired, appar- 
ently, rather in a sporting spirit 
than for any practical purpose, and 
as likely to hit friends as 
foes. . . French soldiers are prover- 
bial for their ingenuity in extempo- 
rizing dinners, and I saw whole' 
companies marching along with 
the bayonets they had taken out to 
transfix the Prussians now 
crowned with turnips, potatoes, 
carrots, slices of pumpkin, and 
other vegetable victims — Meat 
was in stUl greater abundance. ■ -I 
have eaten plenty of horse since the 
siege commenced — and, indeed, 
am now very glad to get it; mule 
anri ass I have learnt to consider a 
delicacy. . . Donkey pie is 

After dinner we started in 
carriages for the Prussian posts, led 
j by Monseigneur Bauer, Archbish- 
op of Syracuse, one of -the most 
active and principal officers of the 
Ambulances de la Presse. His 
history and character are so re- 
markable that you must allow me 
to say a few words about them. He 
was for ten years, I am told, in the 
order of 41 Formes Dechausses ", 
who claim, conspicuous among 
other duties and privileges, those of 
going barefooted and living on 
bread and water. Brother Bauer 
successfully discharged the first 
duty — though the Archbishop is 
now usually to ho seen in top-boots 
and spurs, as he is an indefatigable 
horseman — but he quite failed in 
the second, for instead of Hving 
upon bread and water he nearly 
(bed of it. He was so near death 
that extreme unction was adminis- 
tered to him, but happily without 
the usual consequences. He rallied, 
despite the doctors and priests, to 
life in this world, and Pope Pio 
Nono was good enough not only to 
recognize the brother’s temporal 
existence, but even volunteered to 
absolve him from the vows which 
had so nearly sent him prematurely 
to heaven, with much useful work 
on earth still undone. 

The Archbishop, though he 
drinks only water at the dinner 
table, now shrinks from no sort of 
solid food, and is in consequence 
healthy, fail of physical energy, and 
altogether as valuable a member of 
society as a man of his unusual 
mental capacity ought to be. I am 
told he is a great orator, and though 
I am still to have the pleasure of 
hearing him in public. I can easily 
imagine it from his ready wit and 
unusual com m a n d, in private con- 
versation, of language ,at once 
copious and choice. Although, 
however. I have not heard him in 
the pulpit, I have seen him in 
action on the field, and have no 
hesitation in saying that he has all 
the qualities of a first-rate cavalry 
officer, except that for a general he 
is too fond of going under fire, and 
that without excuse, the Division 
more especially under his com- 
mand. the Frires des Ecoles 
Chretiennes, are in this respect 
anything but young troops that 
require leading. One of his 
estafettes, Mr. Elliott Bower, told 
me that for nearly two hours 
yesterday Monseigneur kept him 
riding about under the Prussian 
bombs, an occupation not uninter- 
esting, perhaps, and certainly ex- 
citing, but scarcely what one 
counted upon in volunteering to 
I escort ail Archbishop. One might 
as well be an aide-de-camp to 
General Ducrot, and be killed off at 
once in leading a charge. Altogeth- 
er, Moaseigneur would have made 
a first-class medieval priest, alike 
great in the pulpit, the confessional 
(the Archbishop was Confessor to 
the Empress), and in the field, 
ready to preach m mail armour, or, 
at a pinch, fight in a cassock. In 
these degenerate days his best, 
though inadequate, sphere in time 
of war is, perhaps, the command of 
j our Ambulance, which he leads 
admirably, and under such a 
General — conspicuous from the 
contrast, felicitously characteria- 
j tic, between his ecclesiastical dress 
and his top-boots — we were all 
proud to go to the Prussian avant 
| pastes, though we did not expect 

that the Archbishop would have 
any further opportunity of indulg- 
ing his unarchiepiscopal propensi- 
I ty for being fired at. . . . 

Parson’s pleasure 

From Mr David Hope 
Sir, I enjoyed reading Nicole 
Swengley's review of 1987 diaries 
in today's paper (December 6). but 
was saddened to see that she had 
omitted what to me is now the 
only possibility: The Parsons 
Pocket Book {published by 
Atkinson’s of Rochdale, £5.50 
from SPCK shops). 

A week toa page (and - hooray! 
- the week begins with Sunday) 
with a blank leaf opposite for 
notes etc, tear-off corners, a scarlet 
page-marker, all the saints' days a 
good Anglican could possibly 
require, the Alternative Service 
Book lectionary (though sadly not 
the Book of Common Prayer 
version) and, most delightfully of 
all, a little real courtesy (“You will 
oblige by returning to the above 
addins if found”) and a real live 
subjunctive: “If this space be used 
fora record of visits . . 

Yours faithfully. 


Malsis School, 

Cross Hills, 

North Yorkshire. 




December 14: The Princess 
Maigarei, Countess of Snow- 
don. was present this evening at 
a Gala held at Sadler’s Wells 
Theatre in aid of the National 
Council for One-Parent Fam- 
ilies and Martin House 
Children's Hospice. 

Mrs Elizabeth Blair was in 

December 13: The Duchess of 
Gloucester, President of The 
National Children's Home, was 
present this evening at a Christ- 
mas Entertainment in aid of the 
NCH Children in Danger appeal 
at Fairfield Halls, Croydon. 

Mrs Howard Page was in 

A memorial service for Pauline 
Grant will be held at Brampton 
Oratory, on Tuesday. December 
23. at 1 1 am. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Lieutenant-Colonel 
N.L.D. (Billy) McLean will be 
held at St Margaret's. West- 
minster, on Thursday, February 
5. 1987, at noon. 

Memorial services 

Clifford Longley 

Top people embrace religion 

Professor S.A. Tobias 
A memorial service for Profes- 
sor S-A. Tobias was held on 
Saturday at St Francis Hall, 
Birmingham. The Rev Robin 
Morrison officiated. Professor 
Robert Davies read from the 
works of Francis Bacon and 
Professor G.W. Rowe read a 
poem. Footprints. Professor 
M.J. Hamlin, Acting Vice- 
Chancellor of Birmingham 
University, gave an address. 

Professor A. Gemmeil 
The Lord Lieutenant for 
Staffordshire was represented by 
Mr BA. Price at a memorial 
service for Professor Alan 
Gemmeil held on Saturday in 
the Chapel of Keele University. 
The Rev Kenneth Strachan 
officiated, assisted by Father 
Richard Sullivan. The Rev 
Donald Marr read the lesson 
and Dr Robert Murray and 
Professcr WAC Stewart gave 
addresses. Professor Brian 
Fender. Vice-Chancellor of 
Keele University, attended 
Mr M. Croft 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life and work of Mr Michael 
Craft was held yesterday at St 
Pancras Church. Eusion Road. 
The Rev Douglas Bean offici- 
ated. Mr Martin Jarvis and Mr 
Hakeem Kae-Kazim read the 
lessons. Mr Barrie Rutter read A 
Consecration by John Mase- 
field Miss Paula Wilcox read 
Ask Me No More by A.E. 
Housman. Mr Hywel Bennett 
tead So. He'll Go No More 

A 'Roving by Lord Byron and Mr 



read The Thou ■ 
Man by Rudysud Kip- 

ling . Mr Geoffrey Sykes gave an 


Inner Temple 

Mr J.G.A. Hunter, QC, and Mr 
RJ.A. Bair have been elected 
masters of the bench of the 
Inner Temple. 

Top people, whether or not they read The 
Spectator or for that matter The Times, are 
an exceptionally religious lot, an d nearly 
40 per cent of them are regular church- 
goers. four times the proportion in the 
public at large, 

This is the striking conclusion from The 
Spectator's new Harris poll of a cross 
section of the upper bracket, defined as 
leaders from the City and business, the 
professions and universities, the Civil 
Service. Parliament, and the arts. The 
Establishment, at least, is still Christian. 

The poll, published this weekend, 
reveals that this exceptionally high level of 
participation is backed up by serious belief 
in the fundamentals of the faith, rooted in 
conservative and orthodox doctrine. As 
when the clergy of the Church of England 
were polled by Gallup some time ago, it is 
apparent that English Christianity as a 
whole has by no means surrendered to 
doctrinal liberalism tinged with agnos- 
ticism. contrary to the popular impression. 

Being active in personal religious life 
and conservative in belief are evidently 
rather different from being fascinated by 
the sayings and doings of churchmen, 
however. The poll finds them “not very 
interested in what the clergy have to say”. 
The clergyman's essential job - as probably 
most clergymen would agree - is seen as 
pastoral: visiting, comforting and consol- 

And being active and committed is not 
necessarily the same as being well in- 
formed. For only a quarter of the total 
could remember even half the Ten 
Commandments, with the second and 
third, "not taking the Lord’s name in 
vain" (blasphemy) and “keeping the 
Sabbath holy", so well forgotten Lhat the 
rest could be renamed the Eight 
Commandments. This group presumably 
believes in Sunday swearing. 

As is common with polls of religious 
attitudes, however, the answers never 
quite add up or make sense: 86 percent of 
the “believers” in the Top People sample 
said they thought Christ's miracles ac- 
tually happened, for instance, while only 
64 per cent accepted the Virgin Birth. (It is 

called straining at a gnat while swallowing 
a camel). 

And while half the sample thought m 
genera] the churches should “uphold 
traditional teaching regardless of social 
trends", just one in ten specifically 
opposed the remarriage of divorcees in 
church. Only a quarter of the group said 
they would oppose the sovereign being 
allowed to be a Roman Catholic, and even 
a majority of the Anglicans approved; but 
it would not be difficult to imagine the 
same question in another form producing 
a very different answer. 

The author of The Spectator's report on 
the findings, Andrew Gimsoo, finds 
evidence of indifference in some of these 
results, and quotes Burke - who calls it 
“half fidelity" - on the fetal effect that this 
may have on religious faith. That judg- 
ment depends on what assumptions are 
being made about “total fidelity," which in 
turn raises the whole question of what, to a 
top Englishman, “being religious" really is. 

There are several common stereotypes 
of what this badge of righteousness might 
amount to. such as the “devout Roman 
Catholic”, die “dotty vicar", the “teetotal 
Noncomformist" and the “innocent 
young curate". They are persons to whom 
one apologises for swearing in front of 
(even if one has forgotten the origin of this 
taboo). They make other people un- 
comfortable. They do not occur in public 
bouses. They are both looked up to. and 
down on. Most people, even those for 
whom their faith means everything, would 
not like to bear themselves described as 
“very religious". 

These models all assume that being 
religious demands a parade of continual 
intense personal devotion and puritan 
propriety, fit feet Burke's “half fidelity" 
well describes the common sinner, who is, 
after all, the average citizen of the 

These Spectator - poll Top People are 
surely just that, unaverage citizens though 
they may be of the world. A truer religous 
profile of such a group would pay more 
attention to where the real spiritual 
difficulties presumably must lie in being 

top. the sample being catechised not as to 
their memory of the Commandments but 
as to their respect for the principles of the 
Sermon on the Mount. But perils- cannot 
measure poverty in spirit nor purity in 
heart It is, in any case, something one can 
never know about oneself, nor another. 

So if the poll is to be believed, the 
leaders of the nation are still strongly 
influenced by religion, for the regular 
church attendance claimed try nearly half 
of them is not sustained against the rival 
attractions of golf and Sunday indolence 
without a good deal of commitment. And 
these are individuals who “have not got 
where they are today" by wasting their 
energies on things they know to be 

it appears, therefore, that many of the 
people who control the destiny of others, 
must pray regularly and publicly both for 
guidance and for humility (for it is difficult 
to go to church and not do soL 

The poll also found a high level ofbelief 
among this top group that prayer is 
actually effective, and die Harris poll team 
collected many personal statements, obvi- 
ously sincere, on the value of private 
prayer. It was sometimes treated as a fast 
resort in difficulty, but this is a group 
which is Temperamentally more likely to 
rely more than most on personal effort. 
Getting to the top may have less to do whh 
prayer than staying there. 

They are nevertheless not so open to 
being influenced by tire human institu- 
tions and spokesmen of Christianity, and 
the churches would be mistaken in 
regarding this presence of religious belief 
and practice in the governing strata of 
society as a useful Fifth Column for 
advancing the ideas of the latest church 
working party. 

The findings of The Spectator poll 
suggest, however, that the Christian world 
view is still very much the governing 
framework of British society, and that this 
is so not because the law demands it but 
because it happens to be the belief system 
of those who dominate the institutions of 
this society. 


Mr M.T. Phillipps 
and Miss C.C.B. Barnett 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday in the Crypt Chapel in 
the Palace of Westminster of Mr 
Michael Phillipps, son of Mr 
and Mrs Owen Phillipps. of 
Peiwonh, Sussex, and Miss 
Cathy Barnett, eldest daughter 
of the late Mr A. A. C. Barnett 
and Viscountess Leathers, of 
Ctaiddingfold, Surrey. Oinon 
Trevor Beeson and the Rev 
Michael Johnson officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by Viscount Leathers, 
was attended by James Mac- 
Donald. Isabelle Pitt. Mrs Eliza- 
beth Tippett. Miss Francesca 
Barnett and Miss Vanessa 
Harford. Mr Duncan Mac- 
Donald was best man. 

Mr JJR. Dtmkley 
and Miss M-J. Larder 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. December 6. 1986, at 
St Luke's Church, Chelsea, of 
Mr James Dunkley, younger son 
of Lieutenant-Colonel and Mrs 
Norman Dunkley. of Hythe, 
Kent, and Miss Melanie Larder, 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
James Larder, of Melbourne. 
Victoria, Australia. 

A reception was held at 
Crosby Hall, Chelsea. 

Dr PJR.T. Hewetson 
and Mrs S.E. How 
The marriage took place in 
Northampton on Friday. 
December 12, between Dr Pat- 
rick Hewetson and Mis Sally 

Forthcoming marriages 



Popularizer of archaeology 

Professor Glyn Daniel 
FBA, Disney Professor of 
Archaeology at Cambridge 
from 1974 to 1981, died on 
December 13 at the ai£ of 72. 

He was known to countless 
admirers as a personality who 
played a leading role, along 
with Sir Mortimer Wheeler, in 
pioneering the BBC's televi- 
sion programme Animal, Veg- 
etable, Mineral that did so 
much to promote a wider 

interest in archaeology. 

and the ! 

Mr T.C. Gibson 
and Miss M-J. Coles 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, son of Mr 
and Mrs H.L Gibson, of The 
Old Vicarage, Little Missenden, 
Buckinghamshire, and Maiy- 
Janc, daughter of Lieutenant- 
Colonel and the Hon Mis 
George Coles, of Kings Court 
North, London, SW3. 

Mr NJD-P. Cara 
and Miss E.CJJ. Ochtman 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs A.P. Cam. of 
Ol version, Bristol, and Eveline, 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
L.HJ. Ochtman, of Rome. Italy. 

Mr S J). Green 
and Miss ILF. Grace y 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, son of Mr and 
Mrs Desmond Green, of Church 
Stratton. Shropshire, and Kath- 
ryn. elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Howard Gracey. of 
Guildford, Surrey. 

Mr R.C. Howes 
and Miss VJL Wood 
The engagement is announced 
between Roger Crockford. only 
son of the late Mr Robert Howes 
and of Mrs Joyce Howes, of 
Chesham, Buckinghamshire, 
and Venetia Lucie, only daugh- 
ter of Sir John and Lady Wood, 
of London, W1 1. 

Mr TJD. Clay 
and Miss F.C. Stocker 

The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, son of Mr 
and Mrs Desmond Clay, of 
Yardley, Birmingham, and 
Fiona, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
John Stocker, of Sharn brook, 

Mr RJ. Ball 
and Miss G Chappell 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, son of Mr and 
Mrs BJ. Ball, of Calcot Manor, 
Tetbury, and Catherine, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs RJ. Chappell, 
of Bideford, Devon. - 

Mr P-ELA- Clegg 
and Miss SJE. Pearson 

The engagement is announced 
between Paul, eldest son of Mr 
and Mis Nicholas Clegg, of 
Bledlow, Oxfordshire, and 
Suzie, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Michael Pearson, of Boaisbifl, 

Mr DJL Barton 
and Miss A. Parry 
The engagement is announced 
between Daniel, only son of Mr 
DJ. Barton and the late Mis 
D.M- Barton, of Aldridge Walk, 
Southgate, and Alannah, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Alan 
Parry, of Upper Gatlon Park, 
near Rrigate, Surrey. 

MrJA Goodbody 
and Miss RJL O'Connell 
The engagement is announced 
between John, son of Mr and 
Mrs D.M. Goodbody, of Isling- 
ton, London, and Rfrona Eu- 
nice, daughter of Mr and Mis 
W.F. O’Connell, of Bisley, 

Mr R.G. Jones 
and Miss JJH. Farr 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert Gordon, elder 
son of Mr and Mrs Robert 
Jones, of Winnipeg, Manitoba, 
and Joanna Helen, daughter of 
Dr and Mrs Dennis Farr, of 
Bedford Park, London. 

Mr AJ. Kerr 
and Miss GA-Doods 
The engagement is announced 
between Allan, eldest son of the 
late Mr Jasper Kerr and of Mis 
Bart Herbert, of W elham Hall, 
Mai ton. North Yorkshire, and 
Carol only daughter of Captain 
Charles Donds, RN, and Mis 
Do uds, of Jade Conage. Wade 
Court, Havant, Hampshire. 

Mr J-C. Mansfield 
and Mrs PJL Wharton 
The engagement is announced 
between John, elder son of the 
late Mr FA. Mansfield and of 
Mrs FA. Mansfield, and Penel- 
ope, elder daughter of the late 
Mr Eric Rutherford and of Mrs 
£• Rutherford, of Harrogate, 
North Yorkshire. 

A Welshman anti the son of 
a headmaster. Daniel relished 
acquiring and conveying 

Glyn Edmund Daniel was 
bom on April 23, 1914, and 
educated at Barry County 
School of which he was ever 
after proud, as a nursery of 
scholars. His headmaster 
there, a keen amateur archae- 
ologist, took parties of senior 
boys on weekend digs, and 
fired Daniel with an enthusi- 
asm for the subject. 

After a year studying geolo- 
gy at University College, Car- 
diff; he went to St John’s 
College, Cambridge, with a 
state scholarship. He had a 
brilliant career as undergradu- 
ate and research student. 

As a young archaeologist 
when war broke out. be was 
among the first recruits to the 
central photographic interpre- 
tation unit of the RAF. In due 
course he was pul in charge of 
this branch of intelligence for 
India and South East Asia 
with the rank of wing-com- 
mander, work which earned 
him a mention in despatches. 

Returning to Cambridge in 
1945 he was appointed an 
assistant lecturer in the Facul- 
ty of Archaeology and Anthro- 
pology. where he remained for 
the rest of his career. In 1974 
he was made Disney 

He served as secretary and 
chairman of his faculty' board 
and as a member of the 
general board. He was also a 
director of Anglia Television 
and of the Cambridge Arts 

Meanwhile, he retained the 
Fellowship at St John's to 
which he was elected is 1938, 
and served as a college direc- 
tor of studies and as steward, 
before qualifying as a profes- 
sorial fellow. 

ihsr illustrated seri«.;Aiic|cm 

Daniel's temperament .was 
to some degree mismatched 
with the state of his subject 

His ability to organize, clarify 
and expound would have been 
better adapted to a field in a 
more mature state of develop- 
ment than prehistoric archae- 
ology, about which relatively 
little was yet known. The 
subject stood in desperate 
need of innovatory concepts 
and of disciplined pro- 
grammes of research. 

In the study of rnegalitbic 
chamber tombs in which he 
specialized Daniel’s _ field- 
work was limited, with few 
exceptions, to surface survey, 
»n<i bis published work, while 
admirably clear, displayed an 
almost uniform absence of 
original ideas. 

His contributions to the 
history of archaeology, while 
displacing a breadth and 
depth of reading well seen, for 
instance, in his Hundred and 
Fifty Years of Archaeology, 
lack the insight and contem- 
porary relevance that arise 
from personal involvement in 
the Geld. His best work, 
notably his first book. The 
Three Ages, was concerned 
with the early history of the 

On the other hand, the fact 
that he was ready to accept the 
existing body of material at its 
foes value, coupled with a 
capacity for conveying his 
sense of enjoyment, made him 
a sympathetic editor. In many 
ways his most useful services 
to archaeology were those 
made in this capacity. 

In 1958 he took over the 
editorship of Antiquity, the 
quarterly review created, and 
for thirty years edited, by O. 
G. S. Crawford, the pioneer of 
archaeological air-photogra- 
phy. In the same year be began 
his association with Thames & 
Hudson, as general editor of 

Peonies and Places 
volumes appeared at prices 
Ind Tn a style that brought 
them within reach of a wide 

was the hundredth of the 

SC The flair he showed as 
editor extended to his roles as 
public lecturer and television 
personality- As a 
his message that archaeology 
could be pleasurable as well as 
instructive came 
cleariv to popular audiences. 

One of the keys to his 
success was that he so evident- 
ly enjoved the performance. 

and relished helping others to 

do the same. To thts end he 
was often ready to combine 

archaeology with other plea- 

He spent much time study- 
ing megaliths in France, where 
in later years he had a house, 
and naturallv combined with 
this an interest in food and 
wine, which led to the gastro- 
archaeological book. The 
Hungry' Archaeologist in 

But in gastronomy he could 
be creator as well as chroni- 
cler. One of his inventions was 
Lcs Poire s Salagos. a dish of 
pears in spun sugar, for the 
wedding of Colin Renfrew, a 
pupil and his eventual succes- 
sor in the Disney chair. It took i 
its name from the Greek ; 
island on which Renfrew bad 
been excavating. 

A fascination with pursuing 
clues and solving puzzles also 
led to the detective stories. 
The Cambridge Murders 
(1945) and Welcome Death 
(1954). and found expression 
in his archaeological work in a 
perennial concern with fakes 
and forgeries. 

He retired from the Disney 
chair in 1981 and was elected a 
Fellow of the British Academy 
in 1982, but his life's work 
received, surprisingly, no rec- 
ognition from the stale. 

Some Small Harvest, an 
autobiography; appeared ear- 
lier this year. 

Daniel was a warm and 
sociable character, whose wit 
and zest as an entertainer 
caused endless delight. 

He married, in 1946. Ruth 
Langhome. who shared his 
interests and much of his 

They had no children. 


What if one of these 
children was yours? 

The children you see here are dif- 
ferent from ours. They live surrounded 
by poverty and disease. Many of them go 
to bed hungry. Or sick. But you can help 
change all this. 

By becoming a sponsor through 
Christian Children's Fund. 

For just £12 GR£14) a month, you 
can help give a needy child food. • 
Clothing. Medical care. Or whatever is 

Please .complete the coupon and 
post your first month’s sponsorship today 
CCF will send your sponsored child’s 
photograph and family background. 

By me time you read this, we hope 
these children will have the help they so 
desperately need. But there are so many 
more waiting. 

Please, won't you send the coupon 
today? Somewhere in the world, there’s a 
child waiting for your love. 

needed most That amounts to just 40p a 
day. To give a child hope for the future. 

Send Tour Love Around The World. 


or CCF GB. FREEPOST LONDON WC1R 4BR (no stamp needed in UK). MUTID3 

(_J1 wish to sponsor any child who needs my help. I prefer a Qboy dgiri nether in the country ticked 

□Bolivia □Brazil L JThe Caribbean IJColombia UEquador [j Ethiopia (jThe Gambia □Guatemala □Honduras u India ■ 

□Indonesia l J Kenya [ JMexico (JFhilippmes l J Senegal HSn Lanka fl Thailand □ Togo □ Uganda □Zambia 

[ ] I enclose my first monthly payment of £12 (Irish £14>. 

I |I would like to pay it by AccessAfisa No Expiry date - --- ______ 

1 1 cannot sponsor a child now but enclose a gift of £_ 

Signature (for credit card payments) . 
Please send me mv information package today fl 

| Name Address — 

| Charin' Fes I 
| No 287545 ^ 

Christian Children’s Fund of Great Britaii 

MrD.G. Moore 
and Miss RJL Webb 
The eoghgenieni is announced 
between Duncan, son of the late 
Mr Terence G. Moore and of 
Mrs Pamela W. Moore, of 
Bentley, Suffolk, and Rosemary, 
younger daughter ofMr and Mb 
Douglas G Webb, of Thorpe St 
Andrew, Norwich. 

Mr AJLW. Prafrrick 
and Miss JJLOnr 
The engagement is announced 
between Adrian, son of Mr and 
Mrs RE Purbrick, of 4 
Gorlands Road, Chipping 
Sodbury, near Bristol, Avon, 
and Jane Elizabeth, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs W.T. Orr, of 
Beamed, Dormans Park, East 
Grinstead, Sussex. 

Mr E.MJEL Safim 
and Miss P. Messmn 
The engagement is announced 
between Essam Muhammad 

Hussein, youngest son of Mr 
and Mrs Muhammad Hussein 
Salim, of Cairo, and Philippa, 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
G.W. Messum, of Chingfbrd. 

Mr LP. Stanton 
and Miss L. Lucas 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian, second son of Mr 
and Mrs P.F. Stanton, of Guern- 
sey, and Leonor, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs FJ3. Lucas, of La Paz, 

Mr P.O. Vaughan 
and Miss LM. Fairchmgh 
The engagement is announced 
between Owen, elder son of Dr 
and Mrs RA. Vaughan, of 
Dalreich. Letham. Angus, and 
Isobd, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs R.H. Fairdough, of Hills 
Road. Cambridge. 

Sir Gerald Glover, solicitor, 
property developer, racehorse 
owner and Tory activist, died 
on December 12. He was 78. 

Gerald Alfred Glover was 
born on June 5, 1908, and 
educated at the City of 
London School before enter- 

ing the firm of Mayfair solici- 
tors that Iris rather 

The rest of the war he spent 
in counter-intelligence in Eng- 
land, ending it with the rank of 
major; and he continued to be 
known as Major Glover after 
his return to civilian life until, 
in 1971. he was knighted “for 
political and public services”. 


founded. From this base he 
started, in the 1 930s, his career 
as a property developer, and 
he eariy obtained the backing 
of Robert Edwin (now Lord) 
McAlpine. The first fruit of 
their collaboration was Foun- 
tain House in Park Lane. 

Later they formed together 
the company Edger Invest- 
ments Ltd (the name uniting 
the Curst letters of their Chris- 
tian names), which was re- 
sponsible for many London 
buildings, including Caltex 
House in Knightsbridge and 
the Carlton Tower HoteL 

Meanwhile Glover bad had 
an interesting war. Even be- 
fore its outbreak he joined a 
secret group, financed by lead- 
ing English Jews, whose pur- 
pose. was to enable Jewish 
scientists to escape from Gear- 
many by way of Hungary. 
Travelling ostensibly as a 
King’s Messenger, he paid 
many visits to Budapest in 
1938-40, in pursuance of this 

In 1963 he joined the board 

of the City of London Real 
y Cc 

Property Company (CLRP), 
and two years later was elected 
its chairman. But his associa- 
tion with it ceased not long 
afterwards, when it was taken 
over by Land Securities. On 
the other hand he remained 
closely connected with Edger 
Investments until his death, 
even though control of it 
passed to the Prudential in 

His public, as distinct from 
political, services included pa- 
tronage of the arts, in which he 
was encouraged by his two 
daughters, both of whom be- 
came art students. He was a 
trustee of the Bankside Arts 
Centre and founded the East 
Kent Arts Centre and Gallery 
at Folkestone. He also com- 
missioned Elizabeth Frink to 
do the sculpture that adorns 
the face of the Carlton Tower 

In his own neighbourhood 
he was chairman of the Orton 
Trust which gives support to 
stonemasons and their craft. 
He collected works of art 
himself though on a compara- 
tively modest scale. 

At the request of Sir Alec 
Douglas-Home, whom he 

much admired, he took on the 
chairmanship of the Conser- 
vative Party’s East Midland 
Area Executive in 1963 and 
held it for eight years. He was 
also a leading member of the 
Kettering divisional associa- 
tion, and for some years a 
Northants county councillor. 
This political work, involving 
strenuous weekend - activity 
after busy weeks in London, 
led to a breakdown in health 
in the early 1970s from which 
he never folly 

As a bloodstock breeder and 
racehorse owner he had con- 
siderable success, notably in 
1962 when his horse Privy 
Councillor won the 2000 
Guineas. He was also an 
enthusiastic hunting man. 
Living at Pytchley House, he 
was for many years “a gentle- 
man of the white collar” of the 
Pytchley Hunt, of which he 
was a trustee for the past 20 

Jy recovered. 

He is survived by his wife, 
Susan, and their two daugh- 


Birthdays today 

Mr David Abell, 44; Lord 
Anon, 79; Sir Denis Barnes. 72; 
Mr Michael Bogdanov, 48; Lord 
Croham, 69; Lord Dun park, 71; 
Air Marshal Sir John Fitz- 
patrick, 57; Miss Ida Haendel, 
62; Mr Gminar Hagglot 82; Sir 
Henry Hardman, 81; General 
Sir Frank Kitson, 60; Dr Una 
Kroil, 61; Mr Oscar Nietneyer. 
79; Miss Edna O’Brien, 56; 
Viscount Trenchant, 63. 


OM Newburians Association 
Mr LV. Scull, President of the 
Old Newburians Association, 
presided at the annual dinner 
held on Saturday at St 
Bartholomew's School, 
Newbury. Those present in- 
cluded Mr R.P.H. Mermagen. 
headmaster, Mr J.M. Freeman, 
chairman of governors, Mr J.A. 
Gale, foundation governor, and 
Mr GO. Hobbs, honorary 

Latest wills 

Lord Boothby 
leaves £1 40, (X30 

Lord Boothby, the Conservative 
politician and broadcaster, left 
estate valued at £139,430 net. 
He was MP for East Aberdeen- 
shire from 1924 to 1958, when 
he was created a life peer. 

Mrs Clare Spurgin, OBE, 
who died on December 12, 
aged 89, gained an interna- 
tional reputation for her work 
for young offenders. 

Frances Clare Skurray was 
born on September 2, 1897, 
the daughter of an Abingdon 
brewer. She attended St 
Helen's, Abingdon, and stud- 
ied at die Royal Free Hospital. 
She had to abandon medicine 
and then took the Oxford 

diploma in anthropology. 

1925 she married Arthur 
Spurgin, an officer with the 
Sikh Pioneers. He died in 

She settled in the Cotswold 
village of Blockley, became 
involved in local authority 
work (notably housing) and 
was made a magistrate in 
1943. Margery Fry encouraged 
her to join the Assodauon 
Internationale des Magistrals 
de la Jeunesse. 

Her advice on the causes 
and cures of juvenile delin- 
quency was much respected, 
and she became the first 
Briton, and the first woman, 
to be President of AIMJ. 

Her autobiography My 
Journey was published last 

She had boundless energy 
and enthusiasm for anything 
she touched, her special loves 
being flowers, architecture, 
music and art Her warm 




F. M. de B. writes: 

May I be allowed to add a 
brief personal note to your 
excellent obituary (November 
26) ? 

During the bad days of 
1942, when we were forced to 
withdraw some 350 miles to 
AJaraein, Pat played a vital 
rol l. as ^ young operational 
staff officer 

hospitality, supported by her General “Strafer” Gottfcom- 
companion of many years,- manding !3 Corps. 

Mre “Bill” Goadby, brought a He and Paul Hobbs (sadly 
wide range of people to visit to be killed in action later that 


her at Blockley, She was a 
member of the council of 
Trusthouse Forte, and its 
predecessors, for many years. 

She was hori DCL, Durham, 
and hon fellow of St Anne’s 
College, Oxford. 

She is survived by a son and 
a daughter. 



A friend writes: 

Mr Dick Heppel (obituary, 
November 26), was a diplo- 
matist of whom his country 
foiled, perhaps, to make the 
best possible use. 

them to Paris,” (French being 
the country’s international 
language) “they all come back 
raging communists; but if they 
►.to Moscow, they come back 
iving lived in a communist- 

were a brilliant pair, 
serving the commander upon 
whom the main task of con- 
ducting the British withdrawal 

. “Stiafer" was by then a very 
tired man, and it was in no 
small degree due to Pat’s 
chann and light-hearted 
touch, combined with an in- 
born tactical flair, that the 
pirps staff was able to serve 
ns commander so well at an 
extremely critical point in the 
Desert War. 

The most critical position U P 

that he held was certainly that their minds later. 

of ambassador to Cambodia; Heppel took a more 
how critical, few then realized, favourable view than his col- 
HeppeTs American col- .league of Sihanouk’s intelli- 
league was distressed at the gfince; unfortunately, London 
number of students from the listened to Washington rather 

country who went to study in 
Moscow. The sometime King 
Norodom Sihanouk defended 
his policy, saying: “If I send 

than.. to its own man, with 
results which, with hindsight, 
we are now in better position 
to judge*. . 

Mr Johnny White, who 
died recently at the age of 61, 
began his career as repertory 
a«or at Leeds, but later 
g*?™ a wuer of comedy 
Street to West End intimate 

Suc c«s in 

dicmfiL 960 * ^ a mode m 
Ynui comed Y -« Home of 
s J UTin g Richard 
Bnere and Ronnie Barker, 

Si, many "»* « i 

.... ...Avu 


. A 

. 5-V 

• . * ^ V 

- .:rd bar 

j iilD' 



lji UP * 

For mmy *»■ com* in my nun*, mytno. 
i in Ohm: and alaau daMw many. 

S«- Mam iu 


OJUIFE1.T - on Dmmocr 12. at St 
Mary’s Hosnlial. Paddington, to Tina 
and Ma rk, a son. 

COTTON - On December 1 1 Hi. 06a 
trtfe Greenwood) and Stephen, a son. 
Harry George. 

DCLAHY -On December lllh 1986. at 
St .Thomas' Hospital. to SMIa (nfc 
’ vra* NIcoH) and T«xnce. a daugh- 
ter. Tatiana Louise. 

ECCLESHAftE - On Deceraber 10»h. to 
Carol and William. a son. Charles 
David, a brother (dr Thomas 
FRANKUN ■ on December 9 1986. In 
New York. to Beth cnee Lahilaw) and 
Jonathan, a son. James Jonathan. 
GAROOM • On December sih 1986 at 
Guy's HosoitaL to Aitoon <Nte Grey} 
and Thnothy a son. Samuel John 

GIFFORD an December 32th to -fa~. 

inie Luraer) and Roger, a son. 
HOLLOWAY - on December HUv tn 
Norwich, to GeorgLna ui^e Rous) and 
Chaties a son. 

. LC FAHU On December 1 2th. to « »»-u 
• and Mark, a son. Caspar, a brother 
(or Thomas. Matthew and Celia. 
MARLOR - On December Bth. to Kath- 
erine (nee Shelton) and John, a son. 
Chris! ocher John. 

MARTIN - On December 11th. at All 
Saints' Hospual. Chatham, to Chris- 
tine utfe Harrod) and David, a 
daughter. Verity Jane, a staler ror 

RADCUFTE - On 3 October to Frances 
(nee Thompson) and Julian, a daugh- 
ter. Clare- CHzzbeth. 

RUNGE ■ on December 12 la JU and 
Charles, at the Portland Hospital. 
London Wl. a daughter. 

| D EATHS | 

COMBRIOGE - On 10th December 
1986 peacefully. John Theodore 
Combridge. MJL. MSc.. F.K.C, hus- i 
band of the tale Winifred Adelaide 1 
ince Cooke) and loving lather of , 
Rosemary and Anthony Combndge 
and Nancy Jefferts. Funeral on 
Wednesday 17th December al 3 pm 
at Si. Peter's Church. SL Albans. 
Family llowers only but donations 

— may be sent lo Oxfam. 

.CNIE1 - On December 13th. at home 
In Cambridge after a short lUrtesa. 
borne with dignity and good hu- 
mour. Glyn Edmund. Fellow of SL 

- John's College since 1938. Emeritus 
Disney Professor of Archaeology. 
Knight (First Class) of the 
Dannebrog. Deeply mourned by tils 
loving wife. Ruth, mid a wide circle 
of family and friends at home and ; 
overseas. Cremation private. No , 
flowers, but donations welcomed by 
Professor Mitchell's Cancer Research 
Fund, r/o Addenbrooke's Hospital. 
Cambridge. Memorial service later, i 

FORTS - On 1 1th December 1986. 
Annmo Vincenzo, aged 73 years, 
peacefully In the Royal Sussex Coun- 
ty Hospital. Beloved husband of 
Luisa, tether of James. Marta Tere- 
sa. Vincent. Gtovazma. son-in-law 
Peter, his grandson WOUsm and an 
his brothers, staters and family, it Is 
the wish of Mr. Forte that the only 
floral tribute shall be from Ms wife 
and children and If other members of 
the family and friends so wish they 
may make donations to the Cardiac 
Discretionary Fund (Dr. Chamber- 
lain) R-S.C-H. Brighton. East Sussex. 
Servtce on Thursday 18th December 
al 2 pm at the Sacred Heart Church. 
Norton Road. Hove. Followed by in- 
g lerment at Hove Cemetery. Enquires 
to Hannlngtans Funeral Directors. 
d/6 Monteflore Road. Hove. Sussex. 
Telephone: Brighton 0273-778733 
GLOVER - On December 12tb peace- 
fully at home. Sir Gerald, beloved 
Husband of Susan, loving Father of 
Alison and Georgina and theta- fam- 
ilies. Funeral at Pytchtey Church. 
Wednesday 17th December at 2-16 
p.m. Family flowers only. Donations 
to: Macmillan Cancer Nurses Appeal. 
Slockburn Memorial Home. South- 
lands. Kettering. Northants. 
Enquiries to Jack Warwick. Funeral 
Directors. Wallace RcL Kettering. 
(0636i 85636. Thanksgivtng service 
In London wilt be announced later. 
HEALING - on December 6th 1986. 
peacefully In hospital. Peter met'd 
Motor), deany loved husband of Lou- 
ise and very dear father, grandfather 
and great grandfather. Funeral Re- 
quiem Mass at St Bedes Catholic 
Church. Weaverham. Cheshire on. 
Wednesday December 17th at 2pm. 
HENDERSON - on December 10. 1986. 
at Perth Royal Infirmary. David BeD 
Henderson. BSc (EdlnJ. dear hus- 
band of Jo. father of Rosalind and 
grandfather of Gareth and Martin. 
LAGERFELT - On December 1 1th at 
Strasbourg. Baron Karl -Gustav 
LagerfelL beloved husband of 
Monique and loving tether of Caro- 
line and Johan and grandfather of 
Nicholas. The funeral wm take place 
In Kumla. Sweden, on 23rd 


HflMPTOk- Daria Gwennfe. Decem- 
ber 16 th 198 Sl in loving memory of 
oar mother and wife to Harold. 
Jeffery and Paid. 

M U M Ei W KliAm - Angela. 
Lovingly remembered by all her 

POWER - m memory of Sir WflHasn 
Power. K.CJL. bom Dec. IS 1842. 
died July 28 1916. 

ROSS - Alan AUstalr (Angus) OAE. 
December 1 5th 1984. A man for an 
seasons. Remember e d today and ev- 
eiyday with great love. . 

SfHERSTON - Phoebe. Loving memo- 
ries of darling mother. Gertrude 

Science report 

~ — — ~ — i — 

Channel power cable 
repaired on sea-bed 

n«7 DfiniviM T QfVifTia 

When France and Great Britain 
found that they had different 
peak times in electricity 
consumption, because of the 
time difference and because of 
variations in lifestyle, they de- 
cided to exchange electricty. The 
two countries built an unde r- 
water cable link between 
Sangatte in France and Folke- 
stone in Kent. 

Transfer of power began ear- 
lier this year. But the achieve- 
ment also involved another’ 
major advance in technology, 
allowing repairs to be made 

The Iran 5 -Channel cable con- 
sists of eight wires surrounded 
bv a woven mesh of conductor 
and protected by an insulating 
sheath. It has a capacity of 2,000 
megawatts, the equivalent of the 

power produced by two modern 
nuclear power stations, and 
equivalent to 4 per cent of the 
national ©rid. 

The 35 kilometre cable is 
divided into four pairs or 
hipoles. each able to provide a 
quarter of the total output 
independently. The I/nk is bur- 
ied about 35 metres underwater 
3 nd in some places at 65 metres 
ipder the surface of the sea. 

To maintain it. Franc* and 
Britain built a remmlcrtite 
s ubmersible, called CRHAB, 


i . 5 test appointments include: 
Group Captain LH. Campbeflto 
he Aidc-de-Camp to th e Que en 

December 6, in succession 


succession to Major-General 

quarters United Kingdom Und 

ro^o^Major-Gen^l A-K.F. 

sSari Lpsssg 


Europe, m . succession 

S-SSjSoSS Handy. 

dircc, °Iin f w Mr Michael 


end of iht yt**- 

s«?rf“ s 

nrcuit from January I, 

By Beatrice Lacoste 

which stands for Cable Repair- 
ing Habitat. The vessel under- 
went tests in August and 
September, performing the first 
repair of an electrical cable 
under the sea. 

Tbe submersible was built 
jointly byACB, Ateliers Chaltier 
de Bretagne, and by SEL, 
Sling&by Engineering- It is 11 
metres long, 8 metres wide and £ 
metres high with a manned 
sphere 2.3 metres in diameter 
for one pilot and four cable 

The companies tested it off 
Brighton during SO days at a 
depth of 75 metres. The first 
underwater repair was per- 
formed in 37 hours on a test 
cable. In future, when a fault is 
detected by Electridiede France 
or the Central Etectririty Gen- 
erating Board, a ship carrying 
the submersible will go out to 
locate the fault. 

A remote control dredger win 
be used to unearth the cable, 
which will lay uncovered in a 
trench. The submersible will 
then be sent down and the d oor 
in the working compartment 
will be opened to let the fruity 
length of cable in.' After the area 
is drained and refsessuozed, 
the cable can be repaired man- 

Mr Richard Alexander 
McCnllagb to be joint Registrar 
for the district of Birkenhead, 
Liverpool, St Helens and South- 
port county courts and joint 
District Registrar of the High 
Court at Birkenhead, Liverpool 
St Helens and Southport from 
January S. 

Parliament today 


Today 12.30 y. Denote an private 
manners motion 

ooeratlortOf Die security aavtaw- 

\STSSJ&^S srs 

SJJJStrow (&301: Northern Ireland 
rtSSSSy ProvKfonsi WJL second 
on supplementary 
ESSm regute^ relating to mort- 

(2.SCte Deb ate 

rT.Jiiri-oorts auneiui aaamnl 

S^SSSSSi adtounaneol 



Today (2.30k Deagte on Uio Feacodc 
ISSjrt oh me flnancmg erf th* BBC. 
TvSSSrraw i2.301. Firr Safety and 
of Sport BflL second 

w^Mday i2.30):Debat« on 
i^aittbUlty of the security wvteee 
SSonlhe situation tn Cyprus. 
ucen^B (Restaurant Meals) BflL 

m go nagof 

IS5T S I ggjL Local Covriumu Act 
T«6 tAmendmeni) BUL second read- 
ing- i 



HATCHETT . on December lOUt, 
Beacefutty at ho™. Cedric Rupert 
Long! on. beloved husband or Flor- 
ence Mary, loving tether of 
A*«Mara. Astrid. Alistair, Simon 
■tut Joxelyn and beloved brother of 
Pam**- Service M Southend Crema- 
torium an Thursday is Dec. at 2pm. 
Jpowew lo Gtever and Sons. 
Sorahchwcti Ra. seratiend-an^oa, 
““WiJWi - on Dacember iittu 
« Aditenhrooka’B Hospl- 
“• Carntaidga. Emmie Frsnees, 
grevlo miy a Southampton and 

Bournemouth, twidew of Joseph Pat- 
jtoLtwmier of SMagh Stern and 
grandmother of Anthony. 
Theresa. Patrick, candaa. Anne. 
COUan and John. Funeral service 
5™ ^Jf jrface 2pm. at Cambridge 
uty Crematorium on Friday 19th 
December 1986. 

Mtt flFlE Y on Decehdwr nth. peaee- 
Julbr in Stafford. Roy Lee MD. 

Medical SuperlatendnL 
“Kfrnnor Ctaa RopUal from 
i»4 to 1966. Memorial service at 
«• Matychurch RC Church. Tor- 
January 16*1987 a 3. 30pm. 

Donations in memory to the Torbay 
for the beneflt of me 
MJdgdey Ward. 

NOWRAIW8ALKER December 11th 
«*ttenly at home. Brigadier Wood- 
ford Norman-walker O.B.EL. much 
loved husband, fe liter and mwodfa- 
ther. Funeral service at Farley 
amrch on 19th December at 1 1 
No flowers but donaUons to 
R-Njj. please. 

HEARCC - On December 1 tth. sudden- 
ly at home. Anne, much loved wife 
of tfa vld and adored mother of da- 
beth and OuMoghcr. Raouten mesa 
at Holy Cross Church. Carstutton. 
Surrey. Wednesday 17th December 
at Dam. no flowers mease. Dona- 
I dons. If destred. to The British 
Epilepsy Association. Aunty House, 
i 40 Hanover Square. Leeds. LBS IBE. 

PICKLES - On December nth 1986. 
peacefully at home in Wltmslow, 
Eihrt May. formerly of Me nuu road. 

I Sale. Cheshire, beloved daughter of 
the late S A and J w Pfcktas. and 
5jreaUy loved by the Simpson family. 
Funeral service in Saint Mary's 
Church. Ashton-upon-Mersev. on 
Thursday isth December at 
103 0am and afterwards private In- 
terment. Flowers from the family 
only please, but If wished, gifts to 
I niemoriam for Dr Bamardo*s Chari- 
ty. may be sent lo Mean John G 
Asmon and Co. etturcta Street Al- 
trincham. Tel 061 9287816. 

RUDKIN • on December lim 1986. 
peacefully. W.H. (Tim) of 
Lymtngton. late of Hampstead. Lov- 
mg unde of Elizabeth. CremsOon at 
Bournemouth, on Wednesday De- 
cember 17th at 2.30 pm. No flowers 
please, dons dons pre f erred for Can- 
cer Research. 

SHELDON - on December 10. tragical- 
ly. Antony, aged 15 years. Funeral 
to be held at Breakspear Crematori- 
um. Ruisup. on Thwaday. December 
18. at 2J50 pm. In the East ChapeL 
Flowers to 8. Plough Farm dose. 

SMCLARt • On December 9th. pesce- 
fully as SL Helens HosnttaL Hastings. 
Thomas 8toddart Shictalr .. CJEng- 
(Ch.TJ>.L tn Ids 86th year, adored 
husband of Blanche and deeply loved 
by his sons Brian and Michael and 
their femmes. Funeral sovice at SL 
Georges U JL Church. Cantelme Rd. 
BexhiM nn Sea, at 12 noon an 
Wednesday December 17th. fol- 
lowed by private cremation at 
Eastbourne. Family flowers only, do- 
nations U desired tn British Heart 
Foundation, c/o Mummery FJ3.. 31 
Devonshire Rd. Bexhfll-ao-Sea. 

6WIWCIN - On December 12th. peace- 
fUfly at Morecon In Marsh fiospltaf. 
Frances Clare, betovad mother of Mi- 
chael and Jane and long Ufe friend 
W Goadby. Private cremation 
Thuraday. no flowers. Donations to 
Leukaomia Research Fund. 43 Great 
Ormond SL WC1 N3BR. Memorial 
service to Blocklqr church, later. 

STOOD- On 1 1th December, suddenly. 
Vanns Roberts, dearly loved by her 
temily and friends- Funeral at Perm 
Parish Church, to be announced 
later. - 


human potential 

Describee as lutuw nuu 10233 world 
srsW te as mMwd bar ui tema d a n sl 
bodies end 14.176 rnnreiei vsnas. 
sntettes sad other natmqsl rmourm 
■laditilu to contain tbora. jotasMi 
e a ra neubg ww S us and piietabas 
coammone me dynamic. mraucuHural 
raa te y of world sodaty, ooioni 
buevauva poaabiBtlei. patera. 
altCTnattvtnoUafc motaptiora. N o t work of 
49:000 maw tem ea. 7BJXJ0 Uera 
wacx Edited ear Union of tmeraadoosl 
AssodsOora (PnaseU). AvaXsOM from 
KG- Saur Ltmteo. Ghrapshtie Hens. 2- 
lO Capper Street. London WClE &1A U* 
■oad for brochure). 


Wishes to announce that she has 
taken over the veterinary 
practice at II Eardlev Crescent 

' —»» mnsnew ranwr Orrector 
Oeoerol Regional PaU£y et the DnW- 




For the best rental mNction of 


Of CM bv 08 W pat- aq yd + «aL 
Hvekstnw vatvot pue earpat 14 stain 
estates. Bufll to underlay I? wide 
taoa w aa»dt.7yov waarg us ra nl safor 
A4aieeraBlBa.C4.7B parse yd * vbl 
P tus me largast seteataa of ptata car- 
PCQPO In Lobdoa. 

atf MIb va n te iA MS 
Hampetaad NW3 SWS 

TctO 1-794-OJ 39 

. Free EHtnuSe»Expm PttQng 


GST. 1U1I 


New Ptsno S h owroom now o— > 

AeoMnnura CEE wg speak on 
me Internal markat and the law on 
Tbureday Decembar tarn al does: 
Boardroom. Oare Marital BuUatne. 
London School of Ceanamks. Houghn 
SL l moon WC2. MKUMob BN. 

RKhard. M. Carl or Susan, or a ny one 
know me the trnmBy or dwb- wtiere- 
^oute BUM contact Charon as 01-002- 
8034 or 0908-677783 

KimtMirrsnsMiTmiBU&A. ■ 
tor CSirisneaa A web aU (hair friaoda a 


you wnos. We Iowa you. Muraowand 


COW AM - SfUmona Cowan, together 
wttn her ctilldren would like to thank 
everyone ter the kindness and con- 
cern shown during their recent 
bereavement and will reply personal- 
ly to due course. 



01 491 2777 

When they are (n your room 
Of all me pianos in the world 
Marfcson always call the tune 

dram only £idom) 


*Bans SL Nwi 
01 935 8682 
Altai os Race. 8E18 
01 864 46X7 

tasmanm. C&fiOO. Tel CQ837) 840346 

good common, caos. w. crayfora 
(0322) 634041. 

STUMWAY renwood. 8 ft IO Inch wind 
Piano tor salo. Approx 60 scare old. 
£4600. TV. Of- 468 3032 

Qapton. TTdM svsfl. Rugby. Wuabta- 
don. 800ft -01240 8809/01 8369910. 


In prim* London arms 

270 Oris Court Road. SWS 

01-244. 7353 


. LudionSs A Tnua 
come to us far 

P ho n e now. 


01-734 7432 

ELVASiON PLACE, sure. H>ph cxUhra. 
s ped ou t l bed Rat on 3rd floor with Ufl, 
Ob recap, cat - to kuenen with na. 
mitos. bath «nt good shower. 
CIMew Una contact Suzanne Con- 
way aiSauodcta or Ksattaptoh on 681 - 

u>B common. S M. 2 tan. GCH. 
Unfumhhed. £240 p.w. Family or torn* 
party lat only. Usual reft. rtt. BELL 
SON A CO : 228 4116 

WAPPfNQ Cl ■ 2 bum Cay nram now 
house, and fumxare. 2 bads . 2 bams. I 
recede tally fitted ktteben with ma- 
chines. duanp area. Odas. 1900 P-w. 
TEL ; 370- 2057. 



wp na w m. tow no oh 
T he sta - ana we can uiuw tt 
i»MO aunt* suoa 1970 

tom to Loudon avatobto now. BarsMn 
prices. Waco Pinyuum 01-486 8986 

F W OAPP (Managenatf SorweesJ Ltd re- 

to Ot 221 6838. 

236 8861 tor the mu Mtectton of 
f u rntahoa fua and houxea to rent to 

Lmt/dwl term. Atao quality acroro- 
■wmw i wanted, llauusmlitan team 
Ol 960 1902 


FAIR Of Vour Eneteto i 

totaa i, 0423 800389. 

SQM Smd an Ha gan By ptfl wrapped 
bodlL mammra or Jeroboam with a dto- 
Hncavs card bearing you r perenwal 

HEART to HEART. Todays way ra rent 
too. GonOdomlaJ tmrodtictkwa 
m ro uidiuu l UK for niunMn and Mar- 
rtao c . Heart to Heart. 32 London Rd. 
Twtctonhun. Middx 01-692 2061. 
CJUJRNR Ctrm Lid rreftmlinisi Cteriw- 
tun> vtzae doaaacMS. Omsk 01-631 

nWTlf 1 nnama 

areas. Dalrlhii. Dept (Q161 23 Antnodon 
Road. London WB. Tel: 01-938 1011. 
■ML London School ot Brldto and 
Outv 38 tonm Road. SW3. 01-689 



MU W I CK Luxurious uratoon OaL AU 
fbdllUcs. Garago. IO mins Tnbo. O/IL 
Prof M/F. N/S. C66 pw CXCL T«U Ol 
994 6126 (oioi/i mail) 

iMP w rotiN coanuoei prof f. ■» . 
dtere beauUful luxury flaL OAL excel- 1 
lent Ire ns. Av an earned, taao pm. TW. . 
Ol 493 6057 CW) or Ol 874 4196 (H). I 

FULHAM, prof M/F. 22 years +. la atom I 
bourn own roo m and ahnwar. OL Nr 1 
. tube. £60 extL TH Ol 731 6022. 

GEAPIIAM SOtTTM Female 20/22 to 
Riant worn Uto IhL All mod conn. 
Near tube. £136 nctn art. Amdahtr 1 
Jan. Tab Ol STB 2808 
FLATMATES SdtcOv* Shartop. WM 

ext 219 day. 

wM isidwnd mvito studlra A 2-3 
room flats. From £40 per day. Close 
Harroto. 997 6497/ 998 6871 <T) 

Wl ■ 2 nuns Oxtorit SL DeUghtfiiJ Ipe t 
bed balcony flat otooktes panton 
•gaafe. OL tolly turn- 060 pw. TebOl 
936 3393. 

AVAR ARI F MOW Luxury flats A houses 
£ 200 - £1.000 per week. Tet Burpeaj 
881 8136. 

UL hol Co' Let only £90 p.w. 
F.W.Gapp Ol 221 8838. 

b l miHRTflM OT anno m nt location. 
Co Letonly- £80p.w. F.W.OtopOl 221 

Ua> - FrL 499 6080 
5319 awaa- 
i to luxury fto. tv. 

itoM wishes in tauerriew 
involved |p three - pasos retail 
for nevapsper. Please 1 

BOX C87 . 

AOBTRALMM Art Wanted tar Private 
buyer, n atotbign bv Rodins AoStraUan 
arthta. eg Rees. WbUafey. wnama. 
Herman ate. Tel: 07308L6257. 

aal oardem. £45 pw tarittove. 
Dectrictty extra. TtL 01-461 5841. 
ML AMbeMac amM mem to IMhr its- 
a u hed usurious tUL c/n. 2 batoraoma. 
£66 pw. T4 627 2720 oflC a Ml. 622 
4088 attar 6JO pen. 

« fiwBttun- Mr —tor* Ol 947 
6946. 667-669 Garret! Lane. EartMtod. 

££ WAMTTD Urga Vie w au l i obm. 
d ata . extending tebies. 

..ctc .01 9a676B3dayX91 7890471 evaa. 
JDKlUinr. Gold, saver. Dhn o n da ur- 
oenttv wanted. Tap prices, witeam a- 43 
Lambs Cnndtdl St WC1. Ol 406 BBSS. 


ROUX 4I T 8 TE R Day. daw. 18a gokJ 
wfth diBipaad dial and bewL prenueta 
bracelet- Presemanon bou and warran- 
ty. UK price £12400 . Quick sale 
£6280. TO- 04893 82939 anytime. . 

£54500. very long ooaL hr ana c Mtaa a 
condUtan. Tat (0263) 596Z78. 

Hatred to share s pactous Victorian fto. 
al modem tedMto. 070 pm + bSls. 
n. Ol 248 3913 tat 2464 work. 
WAKVCD Pi nfatannal ntoo. 26. N/S. inr- 
gmily sacks shared Oat accomodanon to 
londnp. wtm apod Cterym mirations to 
CUy. TO: 041 3673461. 

BATTERSEA Prof F. Own aed dcctao 
ream to comtortmde oaL CH. £40 pw 
etc. TaL 01-720 3600. 

CLAP8AM STM. 2 mtna mbe. 4tb pareen 
to share. M/F. N/B. o/H. £136 pan. 
. mol Tet 01-673 238* after fiJDta 
Share boona. ana terge mom. *46 pw. 
Prof only- Tak 01-228 6031 
MUNOTON NS Fatnalo to shore ige tatata 
hse. O/R. all mad cane. 6 rates tube. 
£55 pw tad Tet Ol 700 4416 lavari. 
OLBfSTtM Prof F.23* store 
O/R. N/B, Nr Tuna, £14060 pem Trl: 
01-359-7561 a Sr firms 
KMC6 IM swia F C20-2S to taara room 
la ton am. £137 pat plur talk. 780352 
5384 (E«es after SfmX 
LITTLE VEMCC W2. prof M. O/R. N/8. 
taare eh am. £220 pan. tod. Raf caaen- 
flaL Tak Ol 286 5356 

N/a O/R. to I 

C/H Oat new aria. Cl 80 pent ontuatva. 
Tel: Ol 462 60» (day). 

MM Nem- tube. Prof ta/T. 25+ to share 
superb lux haa. Own ream. £60 pw tod. 
01 624 0092 . 

MCI Prof F. O/R. CH. to abate wHh 2 
tobty qoM flatma te s. Very mmaj dent 

wrtoa ^mSai^mdSdC 

voydtae they woe born. £11 .96 ( Pftss 
nee 1870*1 newspaoerta YestetatoTa 
Maws. 43 Dundonald Road. Oolwyn 
Bay. TeL 0492 631195/531303. 
nwr a r ra utr warn carpets. At rate 
Mias and taidcr. aha avaoaue iocs 

406 0483. 

EKATTMDCR5. Bam tfetots tor afl eri d- 
onC events. Ora dtenta toduda mod 

£1325 p Xmas daL m d- Qaar wato 

Proquc«s(T?. £toHe privd. pitanOX12 

8LN (0230 833798/732/082 anytime. 

non - tom -Sondaya-. £ 1220 . 

WCto B saxr When. 01-688 6323. 

raiar* m amt evdit, p imtnm. 

Can. SartWd Eau. Chess. Lea.Mte . AU 
mewre ana pomT* B21-6616/82S- 
OMSAlx / visa / Dtoere. 

AWH1AM 1928 Pianola. Good radar. Re- 
bate player. £730 taducHno Stool A 
roth. 01-660 3231. 

UKW TtW Grand. 1914. 6 fL Ebtohad. 
MuMrians thStrunrioL U2DO. 01-586 
4981. T. 

MACK FULL Lcn«m Mtok coat Exort- 
taq c oi xBncn. l yr old. £ 1 . 600 . 
Telephone: 01-969-1830 
M1ITNMCR mudolr Grena (1923) nma- 
wood. CarefeHy owned, new achon 
(tnafi 19601 E4J260. TTL Ol 6603231. 
CAMEHA cnOacUon over 120. cosertng 
me htaney of the esmara. Soma untaae. 
man Tat a»49> bi tom. 

CATS, CRKB5, Lea Mtoono Phantom. AB 
■hwre and apart. Td 439 1763. AB ms- 
lor cradtt cds. 

BENTS MM EX. 18 d Oyster JubOae 
mrapL An now n^SIX Tat (0309 

See 14. Perfect c anOM e n £800. TeL 

THE PtAMO WORKSHOP FTee credit over 
1 year tO)o APR) On the best MtecO o n of 
now h restored ptonohLow Interest 
over 2 yrs & 3 Ixs wrttjen qocradons. 
Flee Catalogue. 30a HHhgata Rd. NWB. , 
01-267 7671. 



Together we an beat ft. 

We food over one third of aH 
t es ea ich am the p rev euii oo and. 
on «f (tow in ibe UK. 

Hdp us by jewfiag a d o nifioo 
or- make a kgacy tax 

Cancer g) 



2 CUM Howe Terrace, 
(OSTTT15/12 LaateSWIYSAA. 

share oar. esi pw aaeL Tet 930 67X1 
ex 242. 

bed tn lux 9 bed mansion OaL £65 
pw cxcL Tel: 0963-S3469 


la outer porihon In pjp. black. Sen mod 
KB 6 Bam. Good ttin i l. £156pw. 

; Benhaia 6 R e eves Q fig 3522. 

I Hen of flats A bouses to the cay, 
KMMbbrtdga. Kwtap gtoa. Wimbledon 
and oBter areas. Ol 637 0831. 

•27 9681 The n ra n b e i to remember 
whra imkfna bam rantal nraparaee tn 
central and prime London areas 
i £lGO/E 2 £OOpw. 
nr qnrmri VWIWL Flats near Uni- 
versity A BrWSh MUwixn. Teteyfeocte 
Helen Wtax> A Co. 680 6276. 

I Al l FH BATTS a Co hove a targe mlec- 
Hon of (tori a house# awaO tor tang i / 
abort id Cm £15000 PJW. Ol 499 IMS 
RARMCS/MaRTLAKE. SmaU tear fttL 1 
8b. 2 sb. lonoo e . ktt/dtoar. £860 pan. 
Cn k«or 3 proto eo nu daed. 794 8012 
I CHELSEA. AKxaatve ttoL 1 torse rocep- 
Uen. dbto bedres. kUcben. batairm. chOo. 
OCH. £180 pw tad. 01-381 3670 
I OOCMLAMNI Ftote aad homes to M 
Uiea u dri ta me Doc kl ands area. TatOi- 
790 9600 

ma MY SQUARE Mewl I bed AE Sheet ! 
term let- £120 pw tori. Tab Ol 387 

I WP1T EAP Pretty 3 hariorin cottage. - 

lounpr. dmtug .1 *» bath, wg^nnewoe 

CH. Carden. £196 pw. Ol 455 0769. 

9 LOANS so- Brteh* 3rd floor OaL tate 
bed. raccp- WL * bam. OL cotour TV. 
HfL Co ICL £150 pw. Tel Ol 684 5801 

HOLLAND PARK Very derirabto torn dm 
Co lot refs £160 pw tong let 581 114L 
MAYFABt, Hyde Park the toast luxurious , 
long/ttMrt lets 1/6 beds, best prices 
Csabe A y In tents Ol 935 9612. 

10 mtataes to West EM/CUyJmBSc ta 
OaL 2 ooros. for N/S Q8MS1 £110 
BW Tet Ol 720 0999. 

W Lux l bed s/c flat targe racatan. 

mod nuad ucriwn * och. 

. £126 pw TH: Ot-S64-3a83 
H4 STROUD GREE24 - Iwo double bed flat 
<*ffl aachroom. to u nse and nano. £ 12 6 
pw. T«L* Ol- 272 8361. 

SER V ICED APARTM E NT S In Krttan gta n 
Col T.V. 24 hr Sw. Telex. Omwnptown 
A lUS t wriU S. 01-573 6306.' ' 

8L0ANE APAKIMEm* Perfect locaUon 
08 Stoone Square. Futty Serviced A 
ooidnnad. Tet 01-3T75 6306 m. 

serviced 2 Bed anartmestt. Prime toca- 
tton nod to Park. 01-373 6306 m. 

bain flaL 8<«arb IH4 ML Co leL £300 
sw. WbXe Prop Management 381 4266. 
<N1 off Kings Rd. Lovely sntoO 3rd fir 1 
bed fum urn. fimy ftued. 6 ndh min. 
£125 pw. TBL 0865 52147 A 352 6496 
SW1 PRHUCO Brtptt dwortU fran 2 dM 
bed ItoL Nowty dec £l 60 pw. tad. CH. 
«W. Tet 01-831 9585. 

««n 8 Dbto Bad m wtm KH/Break Rbl 
L ae Recep. £i66pw. Avau 4 mats. Tet 
■Ttoramens B3« Booo. 

ILS. COMPANY Seefca tan propertla to 
Central London. Catena a rs o rirr SB9 

W2 unto Vodea smB o/r V. cemtortaMa 
hoc HU afi ametaoes N/S. £4930 pw. 
A vaUaMe ran* Tec 01 408 1704 
WAPPM8 overtoBba Tobacco Dock, new 
Ataaner fe wtahed 2 bad flaL age. Conv 
pony M £130 pw. 7854011/947 0966 
KAS. SUB prof ooupla. £270 per calen- 
der rath excL TeL 518 0256. 


Eurooa/USA nWhtS 01-957 5400 
Long Hrid FUgtas 01-603 ISIS 
la^Bustnesa CUSS 01-938 3044 
Government uetmad/Bondctt 



★ ★1ST CLASS** 

★ *CONCORD* ★ 






* FU * * FT U0RES8Y 









★ * SOUTH MfBPCA -trk 

* USA * USA * USA p USA * 


(Est'd 1969) 

59 Sonb St Epbim . Sumy 
(03727) 27S38/25SKV27I09/ 

o/w rtn 

SYDNEY/MELfl-NE £425 £775 
AUCKLAND £470 £760 


DELHI £225 £390 

TEL AVIV £109 £160 

LOS ANGELES £200 £572 

NEW YORK £140 £256 

01-373 3391 


Hoi»& (UgNs. Hotels. Apta. Algar- 
ve. Teneriffe. TorreraaUnos. 
MaBorca. EstaimL Cairo. Paima dr 
many more. Also Dec/Jan last 
minute bargains. Ventura holidays. 
Tel: Sheffield 0742 331100 
Tel: London 01 251 5456 
Tet Manchester 061 834 5033 
Alai 2034 


Tenerife 23JO Dec £l«» 
January £129 
Lamroto l Jan £139 
race 19222629 Dee £129 
Jin £99 


AIDl 2159 



Ret ra n Retorn 

NAROBI £390 * SYDNEY £750 





Lxto S Ckr^, Boott>«^Wetoci«e 


Beaonfnl vRtoa with pooia. beach « 
onto wtm pom and ton nto. 

Lowed prteam. Ho chUd raduettono. « 

pertonced * earing service. 


Sontfi (07531 48811 (24 hrs). 

accrap. Tenerica 19/23/30 D-c_fr 
£278ppu G. Canaria 22 Dec If £ 200up . 

Hols (03030 298844 OSL ATM. 231. 

Mb-- CDSTewnoai tm nphia/hato m en- 
rope. USA A moat d wHM Bc w a. 
Sni Btojtaam Travel: 01-73D 2201. ABTA 


pw. Brapera Eteaaa Apeote 681 5136 an la any nmnnaHan In the world. 

SMWWASWSflpaaom trendy dedaware never knowingly unce rSolp. 
studio tn raaal tacadon off Kings road. EALING Travel Ot 579 7775- ABTA 
Avtatento now far long leL £180 P-W. - 

Buchanans 01 361 7767 

IOUAND PARR- BaaoUftd Invur y dan- n« nil— i whilpi N v— e eonn LA/san 
- — • JS Pran J £3» Sydney /Ma moarpe C 769. 

aoulpped. 2 mfna NHG He . 5 month «n .,— w drily niriill du trir ISO 
1*. E1<»PW Ol 229 6494. SSriS” 


UP UP & away 

NanbL Jo-Bura. Cabo. OubM. 
tanning awganere. ILL. OelhL 
BM0Uk. Hong Kong. Sydney. 
MeslGn. Sdpraa. CbracHL 
Eraopa. fit The Amaricas. 

Flamingo Travd, 

76 Shaftebury Avenue 
London W1V 7DG. 

01-439 0102/01-439 775! 
<Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 



Bctfian £99 Munich £89 

Faro £89 New York £289 

F¥aMcfbn £74 Nice £99 

Geneva £77 Parte £74 

Hamburg £7a Rone £99 

Lee AMCtadH Toronto £199 

Madrid £99 Venice £ 9B 

Moan £65 Zorich £77 

PhB nuay tong haul har ga hn 
ntaMde fbgHB al raaMmabto nricea 
ABTA • Ol 405 7082/400 0042 


Prate £69 N YORK E2T8 

FrankfUR £60 JLA/5F £333 




Court AA RAO. iMOb Sedtan 31 


PhytmOarsdiefl deceased, tale of CbrCUy 

<A Htmffioo. ta ihc Regional MunictaaMy 
« HaniuQ-wmRaianh 

ML TOWER M H PR g Luxury 2 bed Dot. 
ewer ktotdng Ibe wrier, nr brio. £130 
pw. Tri Ol 266 0427. pm or w/end. 

short/1 one term. P lidd £125X1000 pw 
Rtng 01 493 4611 

£180 p.v 

CXBCIinVC Seeks lux 
nu/hoiae op to Caoopw. und tore 
rea. PhBUne Kay * Lewis. Sooth of the 
Park. C h atota oflkx. OI-3S2 8111 or 
North of the Park. IhjBriifs Park ranee. 
01-586 9882. 

3 bed flm In hnmry portered block. Mag- 
B KknH views. Totally rafurhMud. AU 

£400 P.W. Inc CHW 8 OL B Mrti a n a n p 
351 7767 

person/coume. 30* ntririnober. Nlca 
hraao. aH todUUea 2 ratal brie. £60 pw 
Xngle. £100 pw potato. « 876 7241 
RADNOR WALK SWS Sbmntog imfta- 
ntarad newly caiu aR d 5 bed period 

2 bach*. 2 roof torracae. fttted k t b rh a r L 
Available aew. £400 p.w. Bu di a n a ite 
351 7757 

ty river View* tn portere d Mode wUh 
swim pool Good ataed Rv ns wflh Bake. 
2 tarpe dble bad*. 2 baria. wuh tewet 
kn/bfate rm. FUttram Offlc* 01-731 

8MMNC 50- Brtubl nawtardec Ptaf tab. a 
dbl beta. 2 bathe. Ige recep nn. bolcraar. 
fell, with aU rmmgx. CH. colour T.V. Cn 
tat £310 pw TtL 584 5801 

LAMP Oil 8»>OV£ WBOteftabratoPdep 
1ML 2 beta. 1 Wh. 1 recta. OTW-Eb 
crilem IncaOe n. £28 0 p.w. A iucomln 5 
RlndriVI 727 7237 

jobm £460 Bangkok 

Cairo E206 Ktanaafin 

Del/Baa £355 Ranpota 

Hirag Kcno £U0 CMcnba 

llita ntefisrirtl Aval on lilOX 


21 SwMow SL London Wl 
01-409 2100/437 0037 


au hMtttar* in hr beat Frenth means, 
tons Nr now brochure now. 

Td 01-789 2592. 

ABTA 69206 Alol 1385. 

mas specials to Franco and Swuxertand. 
SAVE up to £200 for da ta Oh 20/27 
Dec. Ol 785 9999. 

Marian. 3 double beta batn/shower. 
oeewal cook, garage. Jan 31 - Feb 14. 
Rtag Ol 730 5615 Monday - Friday. 

DON’T BOON a M houtay until you've 
read our lnfornianre br oc h ure, been 
overwnatnwd by the value fiesrmned by 
tae Spectoi Offers A free Chua ptocas 
levoi on Xmaa A NY. i Ski Freedem Ol- 
741 4686/4471 i24hrs) *t Mahclwt e r 
061-236 0019 (AM 432L 

TAKE AOVMmuu: ra ns In Jan- 
uary. Vernier. VOIare. M rai bri. 

Megeve. U Loa Alpea. Ol 602 

ONLY £17Ppp 20 Dec. Lovely ourad 
diaM POriea duSoML SM ToiaL (09321 

MU FUOHTB. Drir to Geneva. Zurich. 
Munich dc. From £09. SKI WEST. Tel 


C— i l H I/IBW TEAR, Cotxvmld 
■ana rattaaa. riatps 4. warn and pwea- 
fut TEL: 0666 00475 

MtlHT FLAT. Luxray Serviced Km- 
Cbeteea frprn £325 pw. Ring 
Town House Apartments 373 3453 


On LMuMatkn) 

Anyone faring Oral may nay have > 
data opan Hie atava nenuonad Fund for 

whatever nwn^ ^ii ^ h wiy h 

refunds of contrtbuhoos paid tots the 
Fund whM tn the easptarmew Pf PhOtaas 
Butcher* Ufi. The Tl uta e a have a UH of 
auch ou a anding amataia tad ta re been 

rnual bo lodged before 31 at January 1987 
Brier which dale the Trintaea wm took 
Order of the Court far lira dtepoaai of any 

Roberts A Co- 

of the TriteCees 
BLR. Jonas 

ntened. Suit family or 2 couptoa- £230 
pw. Evas/w e el a n ta - 602 0646. 

•T JOHNS WOOD otadto tardea (taL open 

.£111 Iter week TH: Ol 


obtained from them at SL Alban's Hora e. 
57/60 HavuwrkaL L divlnn . SW1Y 4QX 
(Trf: aOflBU-AHR. 

cancarnad m the sau estate: 

You ore therefore requ tt ed to enter an 
aw e m bu ce te use OBlce of tae Re g tar a r 
ra mu Coon, m the com Horae ■» bo 

Main Street Em. ttaouion. Omorto. wtm- 
in 30 days of arevtoe. U you dcalre totoka 
prat in Use datamtaaDoo of ihi* auastHni. 

ta theavoit of your mutng to enter an 
mioevpiaae you wm bare no funiwr no- 
Uce ra those la o c eed l ngs. and t he vrilduy 
ra the WM in cniarini wtB be jeter ndpta 
in your Vbeence and you wm be bound 

Oca of Ae ntgntrar. 



ACT 1985 

Nohce Is hereby riven mri Ow creditors 

of the above-named Company, which is 
h em p vohnuarfly wound up. are reoidred. 
on or before the ism day M January 
1987. to «— »4 In nor run Christian and 
surnames, meto- addwaira and suuhi 
tans. AH particulars of Uuar debes or 
rialms aad Uie names and addresa es of 
thrirSoUcKarsUf any>. to the undersigned 
bjijl. Callaghan, ra 2i white- 
me LmuMmot ra the arid Company, and. 
u 10 required ta nonce u writing from be 
said Liquidator, are. personalty or by chrir 
fioHdtorn . in coma ta and prove their 
debts or ctotaa al such mne and place as 
shan beptaflad m auch nonce, or to de- 
mur thereof Buy wM be exxauaed front 
the benefit ra any dMruuflun made Before 

DATED Mb 3rd day ef Pecea rira 1986 
bjijl. Callaghan 


to Seaton 583 of the companies Act 
1985. that a Medina of Use Creditors ra 
the above-neraed Oeeapeny wtn be hdd al 
the oincee ra Robson Rhodes. 186 Cny 
Read. Loudon eel. on the 19 day of De- 
cember 1986 at 11.30 o'clock in ibe 
forenoon, lor the pur v oa ts mentioned ta 
Sacnons 888. 889 and 590ef the aald Ad. 

DATED this 28 day of November 1986 


Onmpany- number : 1796637 

Nohre Is hereby given purataam to Sec- 
don 688 ra the Craapeates Act 1985. that 
a MeeUnbraCredKorara Urn above named 
company sum be held al 1 Puddle Dock. 
BtacfefHars. London BC4V 3PD on 22nd 
December 1986 at 2J0pm. tor the pur- 
poses manuoned In Section 689 end 590 
of the sate Ad. 



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Tories split as 
Nimrod system 
looks doomed 

cision to buy Boeing would do 
“very considerable damage" 
to British industry. GEC has 
already said that it would cost 
2,500 redundancies among the 
team engaged on the project 
. and the loss of up to £2 billion 
of exports with the avionics 
system fitted into the C-130 
Hercules aircraft 
At the centre of the GEC 
complaint is that the six 
month assessment of the sys- 
tems had been prepared by 
RAF officers biased against 
Nimrod; that Boeing received 
more favourable cash terms, 
from the ministry; that the 
operational requirements had 
been changed to favour Awacs 
and, despite Nimrod being 
cheaper, the ministry had stiff 
recommended Boeing. 

RAF makes angry 
reply to claim 

Mr Prior’s rearguard action 
prompted a highly unusual 
official rebuttal from the RAF, 
issued with the full authority 
of defence ministers and the 
head of the Air Force, Air 
Chief Marshal Sir David 

Air Commodore Bobby 
Robson, the RAF chief 
spokesman said: “I simply 
can't accept these allegations. 
There has been the most 
thorough, far-reaching 
evaluation of the competing 
proposals agains the MoD 
specification over the last six 

“The suggestion that the 
assessment is a biased RAF 
exercise impugns the integrity 
not only of the RAF but also 
of all those individuals in- 
volved in this difficult task, 
and ignores the fact that the 
Risk Assessment Group 
(which prepared the report) 
was made up of many 

The equipment policy 
committee, which consisted of 
technical experts and Trea- 
sury officials as well as RAF 
officers, found unanimously 
in fitvour of Awacs. 

The GEC system would 
have provided 1 1 Nimrods for 
delivery to the RAF, the first 
three by next autumn. On top 
of the almost £1 billion of 
taxpayers' money spent on the 
project over the last nine years 
a further £500 million would 
be needed to bring them all up 
to specifications. 

The Awacs system would be 
based on six to eight aircraft 
and would, initially, cost sev- 

eral hundred million pounds 
more, although defence 
sources and the Boeing com- 
pany insist that over the 20- 
year life of the programme the 
cost differences were not 

One big problem with 
Boeing has been the three-year 
gap between order and deliv- 
ery, but it is likely that the 
Government will ask the 
United States for the loan of 
three USAF Awacs aircraft 
now with the Saudi Arabian 
air force pending their deliv- 
ery of five new planes next 

Although Mr Caspar Wein- 
berger, the US Defence Sec- 
retary, had discussed the 
Awacs-Nimrod debate with 
Cabinet ministers when in 
London last week, it was 
emphasized yesterday that the 
US administration had 
brought no pressure to bear on 
the Government 

A decision to scrap Nimrod 
now will lead to questions why 
the project was not cancelled 
before it had cost so much 

An investigation by the 
Commons Select Committee 
on Defence will employ spe- 
cial advisers, call for the 
Ministers concerned and see 
representatives of GEC and 

Yesterday Boeing denied 
Mr Prior’s claims that it had 
been given access to the 
technical assessment on the 
two aircraft. 

Steel demand for 
dear statement 

Mr David Steel, Liberal 
leader, gave a foretaste of the 
political battles to come when 
he said yesterday: “The tax- 
payer has made a £900 mil- 
lion investment in Nimrod. 
The Government cannot be 
allowed to scrap that because 
it would involve the break-up 
of experienced British teams 
at the forefront of high tech- 
nology and would deprive us 
of export orders. 

“The Defence Secretary Mr 
Younger has said that both 
Nimrod and Awacs work. If 
there are now overwhelming 
reasons why we have to buy 
the American system at a 
further cost of £500 million 
we will want to have a clear 
statement on why this is so, 
when it was discovered and 
what they were doing with the 
£900 million of public 

Leading article, page 15 

Mr Justice Popplewell (with scissors) opening the new Bradford City stand at Valley Parade yesterday. 

Bradford phoenix rises from ashes 

Condoned from page 1 
team's manager, Bobby Rob- 
son, head bowed but ex- 
pression proud. “If soccer is 
all about courage, resilience, 
enthusiasm and determina- 
tion then Bradford City de- 
serves to be on top of the pile,” 
he said. 

Kevin Keegan, the Mara- 
dona of British football folk- 
lore, nodded in agreement 
Overnight he had flown in 
from his home in Spain to take 
part in what he said would 
forever be remembered as the 
special occasion in sporting 

None of the players wore a 
black arm band. Second di- 
vision Bradford soccer club's 
grief will be worn in perpetu- 
ity, a narrow strip of blade 
which forever more will mask 
the V-neck of 'The Bantams* 1 
claret and amber strip. 

It was left to the Bishop of 
Bradford, the Right Rev Rob- 
ert Kerr Williamson, to ex- 
press in words die emotions 
shared by a mourning mass- 

Unveiling a commemo- 
rative plaque and dedicating a 
symbolic statue of four players 
and a woman kneeling in 
prayer, he said: “Triumph and 
tragedy frequently go hand in 
band. There is a time to weep 
and a time u> play, atime to be 
sad and a time to be joyful. 

“Today is a new day mark- 
ing a new beginning with this 
stadium as a symbol of hope. 
Nothing could be more fitting 
than that the rebirth of Valley 
Parade is celebrated on a 
Sunday afternoon because 
Sunday is the day of 

• At the inaugural ceremony 

fmm® mmr ;■ t 


• 'T- • ^ 

•rsir : \ _ 

rr ^ * 

The stand at the height of die inferno which claimed 56 
Mr Heginbotham marie an because it was still straggling 
impassioned plea for urgent to pay off the debts of the 
and large-scale government previous dub which had gone 
funding to improve safety into liquidation, that the fetal 
standards at impoverished blaze occurred last year, 
third and fourth division foot- “\Vhat I am asking for is a 
ball dubs. one-off payment to drag dubs 

Last year the Treasury re- out of the backwater of pov- 
ceived £212 million from grty and get them to the 
football betting tax, the Brad- starting gate of equality”. Mr 
ford club chairman said. A Heginbotham said, 
substantial proportion of 3-T .. . . 

those profits should be ear- . Ft0td «» “ “P. 10 

marked fora one-off payment aOur m they swim, 

to clubs in the lower football thanks to an increase in the 
divisions, who did not have supports attracted by ra- 
the financial resources to ini- proved facilities or they sink 
prove safety standards. and are forced out of Lea gue 

Mr Hegmbotham spoke football, 

from the heart It was as a “If they receive a cash 

direct result of Bradford City’s injection then the future is 

inability to build a new stand, very much in their own hands 

fives on May 11 last year, 
—but they need astart and the 
Government is in a position to 
give it to them. Whether that 
money will be forthcoming 
remains to be seen.” 

Mr Richard Tracey, the; 
Sports Minister, was cautious i 
about committing govern- 1 
mem funds to football safety. ! 
He said the Football Grounds ! 
Improvement . Trust, which 
was funded by £8 milli on 
pools promotion profits, 
could be - approached by 
League dubs wishing to carry 
out improvement work. 

Any consideration of fur- 
ther financial assistance lay in 
the hands of the Chancellor of 
the Exchequer. 

Gulag P oe * 
tells of 
cell ordeal 

Contin ue d from page 1 

Food was supplied only 
every second day ana the 
stone floor was covered in 
fifth and infested with vermin. 

During her spells in soIihjv 
confinement she was allowed 
no clothing or blankets be* 
yoad her prison uniform. On 
occasions, in order to try and 
break her spirit, the guards 

An unofficial translation of the 
most recent poem completed 
by Irina Ratnshinskaya, dated 
October 24, 1586. 

Country of thoughtful stations, 
and of eternally poor old 


You have punished all 

be thev strong or weak. 

with doubt. 

Your questions, until dawn. 
Your reprimands, until the 

hair turns grey. 
And no unequivocal answer, 
even to one. Nor to one. 
And how shall we live, you and 
me. in such a land. 
Where with a handful of 

your earth? 
You are looking, covering vour 
eyes with vour hand. 
To forget? To curse ? 

To mak e the sign of the cross f 

would claim that her sentence 
would be increased and she 
would never be free. 

Mrs Rarushinskaya smug- 
gled some of her poetry out of 
the camp by a word of mouth 
method she Tefuses to 

"There are still other pris- 
oners using it. so I am not 
going to explain because I do 
not warn to help the authori- 
ties put a stop to it,” she 
declared. T know that some of 
the poems I smuggled out 
have already been set to muse 
and are circulating on pirate 
cassettes here, in Leningrad 
and other big Soviet cities.” 

Ironically, one of her best- 
known poems contains the 
lines: “I shaft write of all the 
wretched people 
Who have been left on the 

“Of those who have been 
sentenced to silence 
I shall also write . . .” 

As her reputation grew in 
Western literary aides, she 
became an increasing embar- 
rassment to the Kremlin, 
which has been trying since 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov came 
to power in 1985 to brush up 
its image on human righ&Her 
final release is understood to 
have been sanctioned by the 
Soviet leader personally. 

Labour not 
to pursue 
claim of 
MI5 plot 

Continued from m? 1 
now Lord Wilson of Ricvaul^ s. 

He is unlikely, however, zo 
have any overt support from 
the Labour Leader Mr Neil 
Kinnock and his shadow cabi- 
net colleagues. They do no. 
want attention diverted from 
the Nimrod affair, and from 
the central question of the 
Government’s apparent m- 
consisten-y in the treatment 
of Mr Wnghi and of those 
security service personnel who 
gave information to authors 
Chapman Pincher and Nigel 
West for their books. 

While there is a readiness 
on the Labour side to believe , 
that some MI5 operatives did 
indulge in some “dirty tricks” 
a senior Labour source said 
last night that they saw" little 
point in fuelling Harold 
Wilson's paranoia, erven in 

Relations between Mr 
Kinnock and his former party 
leader are said to be cool. 

Mr Campbell-Savours said 
on TV-am yesterday that Mr 
Wilson had told journalists 
after his resignation that, dur- 
ing the last eight months of his 
Government, the security’ ser- 
vices were out of control 
interfering with his private 
office and with Cabinet 

Mr Wright, he said, had 
admitted in his book that bv. 
was involved in an attempt to 
undermine the democratically 
elected government. 

In 1977 Mr James Calla- 
ghan. Mr Wilson's successor, 
told MPs that there were no 
sounds for a tack of con< 
fidence in the competence and 
impartiality of the security 
services and no need for as 
special inquiry, effectively dis- 
crediting the claims which had 
surfaced at that time about an 
MIS plot against hif 


flight airborne 

Edwards Base. California.. 
(Reuter) — The experimental 
aircraft Voyager scraped its 
right wing on a desert ninwav 
as it took off yesterday on its 
attempt to circle the world 
without stopping or refuelling. 

The oddly-shaped aircraft 
taxied laboriously down a long 
desert runway and suffered 
minor Ham.ig p to the under 
side of the right wing as it 
finally lifted off on its planned 
27, 000-mile flight expected to 
end on Christmas Eve. 



■ : * 

IU v 


Today’s Events 

Royal engagements 
The Prince of Wales, Presi- 
dent of Business in the Commu- 
nity, attends a reception for The 
Percent Club given by the Prime 
Minister at 10 Downing Street, 

The Princess of Wales attends 
a carol service at the Royal 
Parish Church of St Martra-in- 
Ihe- Fields, 6.25. 

The Duke of Gloucester 
presents the 1986 Award to the 
: Girl Technician Engineer of the 
Year at the Royal Society of 
Arts. John Adam Street. 1 1.20; 
and as Patron attends a pre- 

Christmas drinks party oven by 
the Bulldog Manpower Services 
Limited, Great Peter Street, 6. 

Prince and Princess Michael 
of Kent attend the International 
Show Jumping Championships 
at Olympia, 7. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,229 


1 One-time temporary accom- 
modation area ($). 

4 Secret of coming to grief un- 
harmed (4-4). 

10 Guerrilla gets rough (9). 

11 A number with German will 
be let in (5). 

12 He's demanding cut-back — 
about to retrench for a start 

(7) . 

13 Repeat scale after a single 

. note (71. 

14 Study and travel in Africa 

( 5 ). 

15 Game may leave one cold 

18 Die market for chessmen? 

( 8 ) . 

20 Having got up, using reins 

23 Resort to telephone to effect 
saving (7). 

25 Letter opening (7). 

26 Superior hacking an exercise 
that's not appropriate (5). 

27 Antagonises sergeants in 
mess (9). 

28 The whole thing about sol- 
diers (8). 

29 “Shone like a — streaming 
to the wind" (Milton) (6). 


1 A sign, plainly visible in il- 

: self (8). 

2 Coaches without hesitation 
giving ground (7J. 

3 W.W. Winkie’s habit at 
right o’clock (5-4). 

5 They make NEWS! (8,6). 

6 Lise a comb in an irritating 
way? (5). 

7 Storm about a repre- 
sentative bring extravagant 

8 Alternatively draw up in 
front of the woman ($). 

9 The rid king possibly felt 
rather aged (6J3J5). 

16 Start a new life (9). 

17 One who resolves to break- 
down the bowling? (81. 

19 A stoppage a hard worker 
finds very hard (7J. 

21 A beach — could be English 

22 Fool on the river, but show 
promise (6). 

24 Some of those wintering 
abroad get put down (5). 

The solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,228 
will appear 
next Saturday 

Concise Crossword page 12 

New exhibitions 

Images in China; Harris Mu- 
seum; Preston; to Jan 28. 

Contemporary British Wood- 
cuts; City Museum and Art 
Gallery. Foregate Street, Worc- 
ester, to Jan 24; 11 - 1. 


John Lifl plays Beethoven, St 
George's Brandon HilL Bristol. 

Carols, Canterbury Choral 
Society, Canterbury Cathedral, 


Haydn The Creation. Theatre 
Royal. Plymouth, 730pm. 

Clarendon Orchestra in aid of 
Home Farm Trust, Watford 
Town Hall, 7.30pm. 

London Philharmonic Or- 
chestra, Royal Festival Hall, 
SE1, 7.30. 

Jazz-Symphony Christmas 
Party by the London Symphony 
Orchestra, Barbican Hall, EC2, 

Organ reataL Marie Uglow. St 
Mary Abbots Church, Kensing- 
ton Church Street, W8, 1.05. 

St Giles Quartet, St Martin- 
ra-ihe-Fietds, 5 St Martin's 
Place, WC2, 1.05. 

Lloyd's Register of Shipping 
Carol Service, St Olave, Hart 
Street, EC3. 1. 

Talks, lectures 

Sarah Walker, mezzo-so- 
prano. talks to critic Rodney 
Millies, Dry burgh Hall, Putney 
Swimming Pori, Upper Rich- 
mond Road, Putney, SWI5, 8. 

Museum architecture, by 
David Elliott, Goethe Institut 
London, 50 Princes Gate, SW7, 

The Politics of Paradise, by 
Frank Field, Sion College, Vic- 
toria Embankment, EC4, 530. 

The .Violin - History . and 
Performance, by Dr Robert 
Jacoby, Royal Institution, River 
Street. Truro, 7.30pm. 

Scientific Toys - Intuition, 
Investigation, Speculation, by 
Professor Dr W Burger, Wolfson 
Theatre, 22 George Street, Edin- 
burgh, 5pm. 


RPS Annual International 
Slide Competition, 1986-87, 
Methodist Church Hall. Palace 
Avenue, Paignton. 730pm. 


Births: Nero, Roman emperor 
68-54, Anti urn. 37; George 
Romney, painter. Dahon-in- 
Fumess, 1734; Niels Flnsem, 
physician, Nobel laureate 1903, 

' Thorshavu. Faeroe Islands, 

Deaths: Izaac Walton, Win- 
chester, 1683; Jan Vermeer, 
Delft, 1 685; Silting ML chief of 
the Sioux, killed Grand River, S 
Dakota. 1890; Wolfgang Pash, 
physicist Nobel laureate 1945. 
Zurich, 195S;Walt Disney, Bur- 
bank. California, 1966. 

Parliament today 

C o mmons (2.30); Debate on 
private Member's motion on 
management and operation of 
security services. Motion for 
Christmas adjournment Cons- 
olidated Fund Bill, all stages. 
Lords (230): Debate on the 
Peacock report on the financing 
of the BBC. 

Nature Notes 

Flocks of skylarks are feeding 
in the fields, especially in east- 
ern England; when they rise 
from the ground, they make a 
musical call, like a few strings of 
a harp lighly brushed. A few 
great grey shrikes have, crossed 
the North Sea and settled along 
I the east coast; they sit at the top 
of hedgerow trees, from which 
they chase small birds like 
robins or blue tits. Their prey is 
often impaled on thorns or 
barbed wire, and kept till 

Off the west coast there is a 
scattering of great northern 
divers, powerful swimmers with 
stout beaks, who fish as far as 30 
feet below the waves. Along the 
shore there are many oyster- 
catchers from Iceland; they feed 
on mussels and limpets, and 
constantly fly around with wild 

Some honeysuckle plants and 
primroses are in flower in 
sheltered woods. Blackbirds are 
feeding on the holly berries. 
Some long-tailed field mice are 
storing seeds and hawthorn 
berries in underground pas- 
sages; others are moving into 
barns and houses. Doorraice 
have grown fat, and are sleeping 
in subterranean ites 1 * 

• DJM 

Bond winners 

Winning numbers in the 
weekly draw for Premium 'Bond 
prizes are; £100,000: 20PN 1 
842292 (the winner lives in 
Sheffield); £50.000: 30AK 
838781 (Leeds); £25.000: 14SF 
815018 (West Yorkshire) 


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The Mteto nda; MS ft Bwrtw b ypass 
construction, severe congestion. At 
Contraflow north of Newark at Cromwell 
and at Carton on Trent 

Tim Wort h. AH: Lana tonsures. s8p 
road Closures between Lawn Vaflay 
viaduct and Cw homo toto rata ngs. At 
Bridge (a pa rt , di r g r ii o ni In Swinton, 
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Wtees and the Wash A3K Lang 
closures both di rections at tto do n Wn. 
between Exeter and Plymouth. A38 / A3S8: 
Alterations Id roundabout at Tainted. 
AU: Width restrictions, M4 function 44 to 

ScoSand: A914: resurfacing betwee n 
French* and ladybank racoon. delays. 
A32: Stogie tens at Montrose, Angus. 

Motorways pegs 5 

The pound 

AustreiaS 2M 2.12 

Austria Sch 2120 2040 

Belgium Ft 63.10 59J50 

CanadaS ZOffi 1945 

DeomerirKr 11.37 10-77 

HotearfM* 7.51 741 

France Fr 942 SL32 

G er man y Dm 3Jtt 2M 

Greece Or 235 215 

Hong Kong S 11A0 1090 

tretano Pi 1.11 1.U5 

Italy Urn 2090 1S70 

Japan Yen 245 231 

Netherlands Gkf 3.3S 121 

Norway Kr 11-31 10.71 

Portugal Esc 225 210 

Sooth Africa Rd 440 340 

Spain Pte 200.75 190-75 

Sweden Kr 1035 080 

Switzerland Ff 2-525 2385 

USAS 149 142 

Yugoslavia Dnr 820 720 

Rates tor smafl danorn nao on bank notes 
onto as supptod by Barcfarpi Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and other foreign currency 

Retafl Price bxtejc 3804 

London: The FT Index dosed down 43 at 


New York: The Dow Jones industrial 
average closed down 11-39 a: 1912^6. 

XI If lor any reason The Times 
Prices Page Is not oubHahed In Ute 
normal way Times Portfolio will be 
suspended Tor mai day. 

How te May — Dally DMdaad 

On each day your uniaua set of elshl 
numbers win repr es ent co m mercial 
and Industrial shares published In The 
Times Portfolio iisr wJdchwiU appear 
on Ihe stock exchange Prices page. 

In the columns provided next to 
your shares note the price change r+ 
or -L in pence, as published in that 
day's Times. 

. After IbUng the price changes or 
your eight snares for that day. add uo 
an eight share changes so give you 
^our overall total plus or minus (4- or • 

Check your overall total aosinrt The 
Times Portfolio dividend published on 
the Stock Exchange Pncw page. 

If your overall total matches The 
Times Portfolio dividend you have 
won outright or a share of the total 
prtte money staled for that day and 
muu Claim your prize as instructed 



to play — Weekly Distend 
-Saturday record your daily 

Add these together lo determine 
your weekly Portfolio tote). • 

If your total matdies the published 
dividend figure you have won 
t or a snare of trie prise money 
stated for mat week, and most claim 
yow prize as Instructed below. 

How te bW 

Totapbewe The Timas Perttofio' tertm 
lina 8254-53ZT2 bet we e n tutm aaa 
Utont, so oh day yota ovt re d total 
— — PtiMand. 


You imai have your card with you 
when you telephone. 

ir you arc unable to telephone 
someone else can claim on yourbehair 
but they must have your card and call 
The Times Portfolio claims line 
between the stipulated tunes. 

No resaansibJnty can be accepted 
for failure lo contact the claims office 
for any reason wnhin the stated 

The aoove instructions arc ap- 
plicable lo both <uuy and w«Wy 
dividend toalms. 

( WEATHER \AtIantic fronts will cross the country overnight and early 

^ •'tomorrow. Many eastern areas will be wet for a while 

with heavy rain, but daring the morning the weather wtil brighten np and turn 
coiderm. There wfll be some sunshine that bat a few showers In the afternoon and 
evening. Western districts of England and Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, 
wffl be sonny at times bnt there wffl be quite a few showers. Some w91 be heavy witii 
ha3 and there will be some snow, espeoaDy on northern hills. It wfll be fairly cold 
and much of Britain will be windy. Oatlook for tomorrow and Wednesday: 
Continuing rather cold with sunshine and showers but taming drier for a time on -i 
Wednesday. S 













32 12.48 








24 10.40 













63 1049 











33 1135 























83 1048 









45 11.42 


Wtonl Haven 











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27 1051 


Southampton 10.M 
Swansea £L33 

Tees £50 

warn 1 mi Mis 11.02 
Tkfe measured in matt 

A3 1038 4 2 
83 536 83 

5.1 3.11 5.1 

33 1137 33 

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2 S 33 
32 39 

4.1 23 

4.6 .26 
5.0 25 
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5.6 20 

52 2B 

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64 .05 
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4.7 .02 

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P to NM t 
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'"Figures not available . 

4 39 surety 

5 41 sunny 
7 45 bright 

6 43 simy 
6 43 sunny 

6 43 surety 
-5 41 sunny 

5 41 surety 

7 45 brtgrt 
7 45 sreny 
7 45 surety 
7 45 surety 
7 45 sunny 
7 45 sunny 
7 45 sumy 
7 45 sweiy 

6 46 mmy 
9 48 surety 

7 45 surety 
9 48 surety 
9 48 sunny 

.9 48 bright 
10 50 bright 
9 48 bright 
10 50 stray 
10 50 Surety 
10 50 bright 
7 45 show 

7 45 bright 

4 39 bright 

6 43 surety 
•S 41 sunny 

8 46 sunny 

3 37 bright 
8 48 sunny 

5 41 snow 

4 39 surety 

5 41 gunny 
8' 46 surely 

7 4S wnny 
7 4 S sum/ 

7 45 sunny 

3 37 sumy ' 
5 41 stray 
A 9) tag 
5 41. tS 
3- 37 sunny . 
-4 39 show 
5 41 sunny 
5 41 sunny 
7 45 shower 

2 38 bright 

3 37 log . 

Pwo. PrtMM Dp London Port (Print- 
ersj Umtiwl of 1 Virginia Street. 
London El 9XN and by Non 
ScotUnd Ltd,' 134 Po«n«s.Strrcl. 
K Inning Parle. Glasgow G«L lj>J. 
Monday. December IS. 1985- 
Rctewcrcfl as a newspaper bl me 

#7 ^ 

* 7 ^ ROucH 


London 4.22 pm to 730 am 
Bristol 432 pm to 740 am 
Edtoburgh 4J0B pm to 8.08 am 
Manchester 4.19 pm to 749 am 
Pmttanee 430 pm to 7.45 am 

Out address 

MermaUon for laclurtott In The 
Times Inforraaocn servic e should be 
lo: The editor. TTK. The Times. 
E? 1 raan|a StreeL Lonilon. 


TwnparaJures at midday yesterday: c. 
cloud: t. fain r. ram; s, sun. 

C F C F 

Bjritete fg 032 Guernsey t 846 

B'rtnghra s 541 tovameas s 236 

gtockp ooi t 337 Jersey s 948 

Sri*** s 745 London s 7* 5 

s 6« Wnchster I 236 

Edtoborgli s 337 Utawcaatto s 337 

a 134 ffhldaway s 541 

n tetorisa* Sun sete 
aooam 352 pm 

Mpaneata Moon rises 
7.40 am 244 pm 
ru» moon tomorrow 



Ajacdo r 
AteotH a 
AtaCdria e 
Algiers e 
Amsrdm e 
Athena s 

Warrtz t 
Bordel f 
Boufne c 
Brussels r 
Budtetet ' C 
B Aires' S 
Cara f 

Cape To s 
C Ma n ca c 
Chicago* S 
Ch’ehuroh 9 

c. doud; d. drizzle; 
C F 

13 65 Cologne 


15 59 Faro 
^ _ Fhmooa 
27 81 FraterfuR 
10 50 Funchal 
Genes* • 
r__ GtonHer 
* ^ Hatotold- 

24 75 Hong K 
13 55 InmbKk 
10 50 teaeted 

5 4i Jadrteti 

3 37 JoTaag- 

4 » Kancfi 
30 86 LFabnes 
19 68 Lbbon 
27 81 Loosno 
15 59 L Angela* 
-6 21 Lunnrf— 

25 8 2 Madrid 

I. tain tg. fog; r. rabn s. sun: sn 

. 9 F c F 

; cus7 

f 1 A SI ""t* C 16 fil 

1 li “ SS2p c 15 

* ^ % !!«* • e 24 75 

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f 14 57 
& 16 61 
s -2 25 
c 11 S2 

SO 1 34 
r 5 41 
8 3 37 
I 29 84 
c 1 34 
f 1 34 
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snow; 1 thunder. 

C F 

1 ’IS 

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S F’riaco* c N 
Santiago* s 27 H 

an 0 % 

Straab’rg s 9* 
"Mnajr t 25 77 
angiar c If 61 
Telavhr / 13 55 
Tenerife 8 20 g 
Tokyo t 11 ® 
Toronto* s -7 « 
Ttelte 8 17 83 
Vatencte 6 if 6 
V a ne* »f c 5 41 


Warsaw c 

Washtoa* s 
Wermon c 
Zorich c 


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• *- . - 

business and finance 


I J*J) u> i^£ 



Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 



Lcnanae nn u 

FT 30 Share 
1280.4 (+11.9) 

FT-SE 100 

1629.8 (+16.3) 


30340 (29142) 

USM (Data stream) 

129.44 (+1.06) 

f Change on wp»t 

■ 1 ■ 

CBI figures best for nine months 

Exports boost 

for industry 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

US Dollar 
1.4285 (-0.0005) 

W German mark 
2.8813 (+0.0290) 

6& d £Sffi hted 

brings a 
for Sids 

By Richard Lander 

One week after trading 
started in British Gas shares, 
millions of allocation letters 
£0 into the post today to 
individuals who applied for a 
slice of the £5.6 billion 

Christmas post permittin g , 
the 4.5 million Sids who sent 
off cheques for the shares will 
receive their letters tomorrow 
or on Wednesday. They then 
face the tricky task of deciding 
whether to sell or retain the 

The choice appears fine ly 
balanced as the shares have 
held up well in their first week 
of trading. They enter the 
second week at 63V«p, giving 
an immediate 27.5 per cent 
return on investment before 
dealing costs. 

Individual applicants were 
given the choice of receiving 
gas bill vouchers from next 
J uly, or bonus shares on a one- 
for-ten basis in three years' 

According to N M Roth- 
schild, the merchant hank 
adviser to the issue, investors 
choosing the vouchers can 
expect a 21.6 per cent yield 
over the first -year wEfc.those ri 
who opted for bonus shares 
should get an 11.4 per cent 
return each year until 1989. I 
Banks and stockbrokers I 
have so far been reluctant to 
deal for applicants 
Special dealing rates for 
small deals are on offer until 
December 31 at the four 
brokers to the issue — 
Cazenove, Hoare Govett, 
James Capel ’ arid Wood 
Mackenzie — and 19 regional 
co-ordinatihg " brokers 
throughout -the country. The 
four major clearing banks, 
along with the Bank of Scot- 
land and Ulster Bank, will also 
offer the same maximum rates 
until February 20. 

The special dealing rates 
(plus VAT) are as follows: on 
sales up to £150 — £3. from 
£151 to £350 - £5, from £351 
to £500 - £7; purchases (plus 
Stamp Duty) up to £350 — £5, 
from £351 to £500- £10. 

Marketing chief 
for News Int 

Mr Mike Rada, advertise- 
ment director of Times News- 
papers, has been appointed 
group marketing director of 
News International’s news- 
papers: The Times. The Sun- 
day Times. The Sun and the 
News of the World. 

Mr Ruda, aged 56, has been 
wiih Times Newspapers since 
Mr Rupert Murdoch took 
over the company in 1981. He 
was previously advertisement 
director of The Sun and the 
News of the World. 

Miss Dorothy Cumpsty is to 
succeed Mr Ruda as advertise- 
ment director of Times 

Miss Cumpsty has worked 
for Times Newspapers for five 
years and is at present deputy 
advertisement director. 

Money MrWs 20 Gat-Edged 21 
Foreign Each 20 USM Review 21 
US Notebook 20 prices 22 

Analysis 29 _ . , 

Comment 21 USM Prices 23 | 

A renewed, export-led bout 
of pre-Christmas confidence is 
reported today by the Confed- 
eration of British Industry. 
Orders from overseas for 

I manufactured good s are at 

their best level for nine 

. The CBTs monthly trends 
inquiry for December shows 
that more than 20 per cent of 
companies regard their export 
books as above norma) and 
the organization concludes 
that the weakening of sterling 
that occurred during the sum- 
mer may be at last boosting 
exports significantly. 

But, after the recent select 
committee accusation that the 
Government had ma de an 
economic policy U-turn which 
could increase pressure on the 
balance of payments next 

year, the CBI remains circum- 
spect about prospects for 1987 
and emphasizes that in the 

ensure that our goods reach 
customers on time.** 

The Treasury and C5vi] 

new survey nearly a third of - Service Select Committee, in 
companies still consider their its highly critical report last 

export order books to be 
below normal 

.Sir Terence Beckett, the 
director general, described the 
improvement in business as 
continuing to be steady but 

“The more competitive 
level of sterling is dearly 
helping export business and 
offers good prospects for 1 987. 

“There is no magic formula 
which will give us a bigger 
share of world markets, how- 
ever. Success or failure will 

week, said that Mr Nigel 
Lawson, the Chancellor, was 
operating “an obscure mone- 
tary policy” and gave a warn- 
ing that the much more rapid 
pace of wage rises and unit 
costs in Britain than in 
competitor nations could in- 
crease pressure on the ex- 
change rate. 

In its last full economic 
situation report, the CBI said 
also that while sterling's 
depreciation would benefit ex- 
ports, import growth would 

ever. Success or failure will ports, unport growth would 
depend entirely upon our • outstrip that of exports and 
ability to reduce costs, particu- the current account would 
larly labour costs, to produce deteriorate and show a deficit 

Opinion pollster's opinion: Bob Worcester admires his new, major shareholder 

Mori sells 25% stake to 3i 

good quality products and to 

! Retail boom lifts 
rents to a high 

By Judith Huntley, Commercial Property Correspondent 

Retailing is booming in firm's head iff research, says 
central London with traders that Oxford Street is booming, 
vyiug for foe best positions, “Rents are rising foster «t»«n 
rents rising after foe slump in the national a rerage despite 
the early 1980s and tpnnsfs foe foil ia foe number of 
now the majority of shoppers. American tourists this snm- 
The latest survey of retail- mer. Retailers are queuing to 
tag in Oxford Street, Regent take space when shops become 
Street, Bond Stmt and available.” 

Brampton Road, by Hfilier. Half of . the shops in foe 
Parker, foe chartered snr- street have changed hands in 
veyor, shows rents rising -rap- foe last fora years. And only 
idly* after foe trough iff 1980- one 'shop la five in central 
1982. Bond Street aBd London has foe same trader in 
Brampton Road rents are at occupation as 20 years ago. 
record levels. The boom is resnlttag in 

Hiffier Parker says that development pressure with 
rising real incomes and an much of the activity fra new 
increase in tourist spending retail space centred around 
prompted by the decline of station sites. Large develop* 
sterifag, has accounted for the meats planned at underground 
frenetic activity in the market, ra British Rail sites total about 
Dr Bussell Schiller, foe 1.4 mfllion sq ft. 

of £2 3. billion next year and in 

It reiterated industry’s fear 
that the poor trade perfor- 
mance would bring the pound 
under increasing pressure, and 
as the pound declined, infla- 
tion would rise. 

The new survey, covering 
1,638 manufacturers, shows 
negative balance (the dif- 
ference between those report- 
ing up and those reporting 
down) of only 7 per cent of 
firms saying that their export 
order books are below normal 
This is the best result since 
March. In the summer the 
negative balance reached 25 

Domestic demand appears 
to be stable and little changed 
from November, with half of 
the firms reporting total order 
books as normal and a fifth 
above normal. 

- Looking over the next four 
months, manufacturers expect 
output to remain at current 
levels, with a positive balance 
of 10 per cent saying volume 
of production will rise. 

There is, however, a. clear 
indication of rising prices in 
the coming months, ^ - . 

Market & Opinion Re- 
search International (Mori), 
foe leading opinion poll com- 
pany, has sold 25 per cent of 
itself to 3L, foe Investment In 
Industry group. 

Mori had intended to seek a 
quotation on foe nnlktwi 
securities market but changed 
its mind because of foe high 
costs involved and because tie 
need for external funding be- 
came less pressing, 

Mr Bob Worcester, founder 
and managing director iff 
Mori, said the sale to 3i cost 
about one-tenth of the prob- 
able costs of a USM flotation. 
A USM fisting would have 

By Alison Eadie 
cost abont £200,000 or 10 per 
cent of foe approximate £2 
million value of foe stake 
being sold. 

Mori funded two new 
developments internally this 
year. It set up Field and Tab, a 
fieldwork and .numbers 
information service, and 
bought a 30 per cent stake in 
Numbers Ltd, a data process- 
ing operation. Both are now ia 
the black and do not need more 

Mr Worcester is pleased to 
welcome 3i as a major share- 
holder. He said the market 
research work done fra 3i 

means he knows how well 
regarded foe group is. 

The price paid by 3i repre- 
sents about 15 times prospec- 
tive earnings, which puts Mori 
at a sljght premium to some 
other quoted market research 

Mr Worcester and his dep- 
uty, Mr Roger Stubbs, will 
retain a 68 per cent stake in 
the group. Mori has grown 
very fast in recent years to 
reach a turnover of £33 mil- 
lion and profits iff around £1 

million . 

Opinion polls, for which it is 
best known, account fra about 
20 per cent iff turnover. 

Lawson studies plan 
for bigger cuts in tax 

Oil chiefs Insider traders may 

struggle to face civil sanctions 
reach pact . 

Geneva (Reuter) — The 
Opec ministers held intensive, 
informal talks yesterday to 
overcome rhe problems 
threatening forarptairfor driv- 
ing up world oil prices to S 1 8 a 
barrel and keeping them there. 

Delegates to the conference, 
which adjourned on Saturday 
and resumes today, said that 
the oil ministers were meeting 
in small groups to try to 
remove obstacles to raising 
the price by about S3 before 
the end of the month. 

The ministers are united in 
their desire for an $18 price, 
but at odds over how much 
production they should cut to 
adueve it 

The talks are dogged by 
rivalry between Iraq and Iran, 
the Gulf war adversaries, as 
well as by wrangling over 
statistics to be used to return 
the 1 3-nation group to a lake- 
it-or-leave-it fixed-price sys- 
tem. abandoned in 1985. 

But there was general op- 
timism when the talks started 
on Thursday that a price- 
boosting accord would be 
unveiled in time for the 
opening today of the free oil 
market, which now decides 

Ministers say much work 
has to be done to translate 
political will into higher oil 

Senor Javier Espinosa 
Teran, the Ecuadorean Oil 
Minister, said he did not 
expect rivalry between Iraq 
and Iran to block an agree- 
ment. Iraq wants a production 
quota equal to Iran's - which 
would mean almost doubling 
Baghdad’s quota. But Iran 
says no. j 

. By Our City Staff 

There was every reason to 
suppose that the' new powers 
taken by foe Department of 
Trade and Industry four 
.weeks ago against insider trad- 
ing would . prove sufficient, 
said Mr Michael " Howard, 
Minister for Corporate and 
Consumer Affairs, yesterday. 

But he did not role out the 
possibility of introducing civil 
sanctions against insider trad- 
ers as well as foe existing 
criminal sanctions.**! don't 

By Rodney Lord, Economics Editor 

Smaller increases in tax Among foe alternatives be- a 
allowances and bigger cuts in fog studied is foe possibility of a 
the basic rate of income tax using some of this £5 billion to n 
are among the options being bring down foe basic rate of b 
studied by foe Government as income tax rather than raising - a 
part of its planned jrefonn of the general level of tl 

personal taxation. ■ allowances. 

Minis t e rs are considering This would compensate the a 
the responses to the green potential losers ftmnthe re- ll 
paper, published at the time of form less effectively but it F 
foe Budget, which proposed would enable foe Government t 
scrapping foe existing system to make progress towards its 
of married and single allow- objective of bringing down i 
ances in favour of tingle income tax rates, which is * 

transferable allowances. 

Mr Nigel Lawson, the 
Chancellor, is expected to 
announce , firm proposals for 
the long-tram reform of per- 
sonal tax in his next Budget. 

The green paper planned to 

regarded as a political priority. 

Responses to foe green pa- 
per during the -consultation 
period which finished at the 
beginning of last month have 
been narrowly in favour of foe 
proposed reforms. But there is 

devote up to £5 billion, during concern on a number of 
the changeover in foe system points, including the incentive 

Michael Howard: he denied I 
a shortage of resoorces 

He denied suggestions from ca* p*e evidence. Anyone 
foe other political parties that refusing co-operation can be 
shortage of resources was held in contempt of court or 
boni.ui«naeiiivMGfiii ivimpcu- banned from carrying on 

hampering successful prosecu- panned rrom carrying on 
tion of insider trading. He said investment business, 
no prosecution had failed Mr Robin Cook, Labour 
because of a shortage of spokesman on City matters, 


Mr Howard said the new 
powers were far more exten- 

said foe new rules were not 
sufficiently draconion because 
brass, plate companies could 

heW still dose down overnight and 
sive than those ol me aecun- inuMtimiirai 

ties and Exchange 
Commission in the United 
States, where defendants can 

evade investigation. 

Mr Howard said he did not 

to increasing personal allow- 
ances so that there were no 
losers in cash terms from the 
proposed changes. This was 
thought necessary so that cou- 
ples would not lose out if both 
are earners. 

Grand Met’s 
shares rise 

The shares of Grand Metro- 
politan, foe brewing and lei- 
sure conglomerate, rose by 
I9p to 475p fast week ahead of 
foe final figures to be an- 
nounced on Thursday and on 
ever-present bid speculation. 

The City is expecting pretax 
profits of about £375 million 
in foe year to end-Seplember, 

for women to take up work 
outside foe home. 

- Under foe present system a 
working wife enjoys the wife's 
earned income allowance 
while her husband continues 
to obtain foe married man’s 

allowance (worth IV 2 single 
allowances) whereas under the 
new proposals a couple with 
both partners earning would 
attract no . more allowances 
than a single-earner couple. 

Each individual would have 
a single allowance which in 
the case of single-earner cou- 
ples could be transferred be- 
tween husband and wife. 

One way of retaining an | 
incentive for both partners to 
earn would be to adopt man- 
datory separate taxation giv- 
ing each individual a tax 
allowance without making it 
transferable. But ministers 
continue to regard this option 
as unacceptable 

A tax system which did not 
recognise the institution of 
marriage would, they believe, 
be unique in foe Western 

There is concern also about 
the efficiency with which the 
proposed distribution of 
allowances would help the 


set by 

By Onr Industrial 

Japanese car makers are 
turning their attention away 
from foe American market 
and focusing once again qq 
E urope, according to a report 

DRI Europe, foe forecasting 
group, says that Japanese 
manufacturers' sales in 
Europe have soared to an all- 
time high in the first nine 
months of this year with a rise 
in volume of more than 22 per 
cent and a market share of 
more than 12 per cent com- 
pared with only 10.6 per cent 
for foe whole of 1 985. 

This takes foe Japanese to 
third position in the European 
sales league for the first time 
behind Volkswagen of West 
Germany and Italy’s Fiat, 

The sharp appreciation of 
foe yen against the dollar 
appears to be the chief cause of 
Japan's renewed interest in 
Europe. This has already 
sparked criticism from local 
manufacturers and European 
Commission officials and foe 
Japanese Ministry of Inter- 
national Trade and Industry 
(MITT) has imposed a voL 
I untary restraint on car exports 
to the Common Market 

DRI. which forecasts that 
total car sales in western 
Europe this year will reach an 
all-time high of 11.3 million 
and remain flat next year, says 
foe new Japanese success has 
occurred mainly in West Ger- 
many, where sales volumes 
have risen by 32 per cent in 
the first nine months. 

After heated negotiations in ' 
Japan between Mm and the 
Japanese Automobile Manu- 
facturers Association (JAMA), 
exports to the EEC were set at 
1.1 million for 1986— 11 per 
cent up on 1985. 

Significantly, the level ex- 
cludes the car kits exported 
from Japan to Nissan's new 
assembly plant at Wash- 
ington, Tyne and Wear, al- 
though these cars are included 
in the gentleman's agreement 
which restricts Japanese im- 
ports to about ! 1 per cent of 
the British market It is also 
expected that the Honda Bal- 
lade and Legend models 
assembled by Rover in Britain 

win also not be included in foe 

DRI says: “Thus the quotas 
will favour Nissan more than 
Toyota which has been 
challenging it for leadership in 

“While Toyota has not 
made public its future plans in 
Europe it is likely that they 
will respond to foe Nissan and 
Honda challenge.” 

DRI World Automotive Re- 
port, DRI Europe, 30. Old 
Queen Street. London SWIH 
9 HP. £1.400. 


plead, foe Fifth Amendment to extend British faw to the 
and refuse to answer Channel Islands and the Isle 

believe it would be necessary compared with £3473 milli on 
U> extend British faw to the for the previous year. Take- 


of Man, where companies can 

DTI inspectors can exam- be specifically set up to house 
ine, on oalh, people they think the receipts of insider dealing. 

over speculation centres on 
the Australian Mr Alan Bond 
and Mr Charles Knapp, foe 
American financier. 

Warning on management salaries 

Top pay ‘rising too fast’ 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 



• I m cm miri its ofA' 1 ( ).( K K ) or more cam it. 1 .W. 
net p-L < I ‘ARifTi gross cquit ak-ni pjul.From 

JSJBUn in the rate is HJK W. nn pa. 

< 1 srossi-qimali-ni pA*). And Mow iliis 
■ level 1 in* rale is H. I.l'ti mi |ul ( 1 1 .9H*5i cr< e* 

. equivalent p-a.*)- minimum 1 hum men 1 A'l.tkH). 

• A Caslieard opt i> m ui' nn* 2 1 1 unir. 7 « l»> s a 
week acre** to your arroimt . 

• A rlicipic book option loi .scdfiitu major hills. 

• Will 11 Ira^il.s nn driiiaiiil with no loss ol 


(Spec ial Issue) 

Managers are being paM 
increases that are “far beyond 
what foe economy can bear/ 

Meanwhile, foe Top Pay 
Unit of Incomes Data Services 
says in its latest quarterly 

board meetings 

TODAY — Interims: Halma, 
L Harris (Harellak Marina 
Development Group, Mount- 

leigh Group, Richards. Finals: 
Carlton Communications, 

Craton Lodge & Knight. Eng- 
lish China Clays, Holmes &■ 
Marchant, Jacqmar, Johnson 
& Firth Brown, Arthur Lee& 
Sons, United Scientific 

TOMORROW - Interims: 
BSS Group. Hogg Robinson, 
Imperial Continental Gas, 
Oceonics Group, PjW Pron- 
taprint Holdings, _ Scottish & 
Newcastle Breweries, Sterling 
Publishing. Tops Estates, Tri- 
plex. Finals: Archimedes 
Investment Trust, Catfoff 
Property, Hawun, Philip 

Harris. McCorquodale, 
PlaxtonslGB). . 

British Laud, Brookmouni, 
Danae Investment Trust. 

rai*a Tinsley, Gibbs Mew, 
Jurys L tel, Mansfield Brew- 
ery, RH Moriey, Rotaprint, J 
Rothschild. Finals: Chemrmg, 
Kelsey Industries, YJ Lovell, 
Mecca Leisure, Soundbites, 

THURSDAY - Interims: 
Bradstock Group, Braifowarte 
Group, Brown & Tawse, ERF 
(Holdings). Harold Ingram , 1 
London Merchant Securities, 
Marston Thompson & Ever- , 
shed. Old Court Currency 
Fund. Finals: Bankers’ Invest- 
ment Trust, Cifer, Grand 
Metropolitan, Guinness Pfeat, 
Macarthy, Speyhawk, Spice, 
Watson & Phihp- . 
jrjypAY - Interims; Aim 
Group, Brasway. Electric & 
General Investment Co, Flet- 
cher Dennys System, Opto- 
metries (USA), Torchmark, 
TR Trustees Corp, Wellman. 
Finals: None announced. 

the Hay Management review of execative pay that in 
Consultants’ latest report on junior and middle manage- 
saterKscfxochides. ment posts, company 

It warns that wages and priStahOity and market short- 
saJaries per anit of ontpiit in ages will be more likely to 
manufacturing industry are influence management pay re- 
ristag far faster in Britain than views next year rather than 
in competitor countries- expected rises in inflation. 

The 8 per cent increases Average salary increases for 
recorded i Britain compare the last qrarter were 7.5 pm* 
with 4 per cent in Japan, 3 per cent, down slightly on foe 
cent fa West Germany, 1 per previous quarter, with merit 
cent in C a nad a and zero in foe rises averaging 3 per cent in 
United States, says foe ominifartpring and 2-5 per 
company, cent in service companies. 

Hay's forecast is for foe It comments: “ Akhoagh pay 


KXI k.A Hltili IN I'KkEST 


• K\H;i iuirroi niin-uil\ 

Online N]i;in">iau\ 

• hii'iKiiiihiiu-Mim-iitsliuin LV)(lii|mjttN. 

• Withilr.iw.tlsimtUmiiKl tiithniili IHWhn «. 

• Nnpnuln nn vciilulr.m.iLwluii'.Hiiiiiillis' 

carrot level of pay increases Inatases .for some organiza- 
to continue, by abont 63 per dons were lower this year than 
cent for indstfol and service fast, maintaining position fa 
companies and 73 per cent for foe salary market is still 

fmqiK+il fftm puniftg. 

Incentive payments as a 

regarded as •ILnnportairt." 
Of the 38 mannforturing 

proportion of basic salaries companies covered in foe re- 
are rising by 54 per cent for view; five paid higher exec- 
derfcal/strpervisory posts to stive salary rises titan a year 
more than 40 per cent for ego, but 15 paid lower. Corn- 
directors, says Hay. This com- pontes with bigger increases 
pares with a range of 33 per include Ford ni Gillette and 
cent — 343 per cent last year those that are down tadode 
and 23 per cent - 184 per Alcan, Amersbam Inter- 
cept fa 1984. national, Austin Rover, 

Hoechst, Pflkington, Plessey, 

Tate & Lyle ami Vanx 

Eleven service sector salary 
reviews out of the 19 reviewed 
are down on fast year and only 
force are np, says IDS. The 
former inclnde Burton, 

Centrefite, Grattan, Indepen- 
dent TV, Liverpool Victoria, 

National Freight, Northern 
Rock and foe Woolwich, and 
foe latter are Friends’ Prov- 
ident, Guardian Royal Ex- 
change and foe National 
Competing Centre. 

In a separate review of - — — 

company car schemes, IDS •wiMin,, l . |u j J ,i 1 ^ 1Jlr 

repute that 92 per cent of , '“ ll r*llnlrliiM.HIWiinIai», , nHUfciIlirl M»nrl*,iaiUili \illiiaNIJIiu-lli-.,l.|iuii ll . IIUII.X.IHH- IIjH I Irttaiihuu 14-1.1 VITO 

^ti^managa^ are^temed Htuwwml mriullclriaibiiht jjhi.i1 SImioQ 1 J»n sita* (S| ial < tic k .i|«|it < ifaii.u«*i 

with vehicles, bat only 66 per l,v - nwta-ii Koililm}* Swim. lRH'.wsir.Un*lu'iiium.t lim . lla ihk. 

cent of middle managers. Free V:1 — 

petrol however, is dediiiing, 1 " — — — — — 

wifo 67 per cent of all directors A»Wro.> - 

receiving this peril against 72 
per cent a year ago. 

A BMW is foe favourite car Ilfn^llEI PC A 

for directors, followed by I. JJ .miiHSir"' 

aMeroedes, white Ford re- wm.uu.ui vfl ■■VflnrHll 

mains the market leader for all K49 DIIH MHr 

other categories. Eighteen per BUIlDlNu SOCIETY 

ftod°»iu^fo Its what the Lion stands n 



Itfe what the Lion stands for, 

V»ti> evil'll l«W 
llilllmiL KJi^llik' 
l'»F IIIHMIlII-illsin 

I unliTv 



Wall St optimists 
ignore realities 

From Maxwell Newton, New York 

The US economy continues officials that the country win 


to weaken. Retail sales figures 
for October and November 
averaged $121.9 billion (£853 
billion) a month, down by 1 per 
cent on the third-quarter 

With these figures it is 
unlikely that the country win 
record any measurable growth 
in the fourth quarter. This 
contrasts with the forecasts of 
the “Wall Street PoUyattnas," 
who are talking of 3 to 4 per 
cent growth is the final 

Some of these hopefuls are 
pinning their optimistic fore- 
casts on a sodden improve- 
ment in the balance of trade. 
But the figures released last 
week showed the US foreign 
trade deficit, when measured 
on a balance-of- payments 
basis, was a record $37.7 

The only movement of 
significance in third -quarter 
trade figures was a 21 per cent 
rise in the volume and a 5 per 
cent rise in the value of US 
farm exports. 

This was due to the im- 
plementation of the Food Sec- 
urity Act, which provides huge 
hidden subsidies to the export 
of form products. Imports in 
the third quarter woe up 2 per 

It is now recognized by US 

have to maintain a huge 
balance-of-payments deficit 
for years, if only because the 
alternative - a real, deter- 
mined US effort to balance the 
overseas payments mi current 
account — would plunge the 
world into recession. 

While central hanks try to 
forestall the foil of the dollar 
by huge dollar purchases and 
the Fed tries to prevent a 
recession by massree additions 
to the reserves of the system, 
there is a tremendous build-up 
of liquidity. Adjusted reserves 
of the US banking system are 
showing an annual increase of 
about 20 per cent, much higher 
than the peaks of less than 10 
per cent recorded since I960. 

This money is being used to 
fuel a boom in financial assets 
and debt Zt is not being used 
for productive purposes. 

A spemlatiea has been 
established, financed by cen- 
tral bank money, that has all 
the hallmarks of a potential 

American consumers are 
losing their spending enthu- 
siasm. There are already sev- 
eral reports to indicate that the 
Christmas season is mediocre 
at best With consumers 
providing the entire support 
for GNP growth in 1986, this 
is an ominous pointer for 1987. 



F :-. ‘ 

i , 

v -n, 


' X — y. . 

Plight of the auditor: a 
victim of expectation 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

Dundee, the thriving centre 
of the jute industry until 
decline set in during the 

sixties, is seeing the emergence 
of a new future for at least 
some of its last few jute 

Spinning profits at the Victoria Spiarars mills in Dundee 

uris f> _•_.-! kets which now account for a 

liter KCV1V2I 111 fifth of the company’s tum- 

. over. Having increased spend- 

Revival in 
the jute 

cheap spun jute imports from 

The Scottish centre, which ' India and Bangladesh. 



day's range 
December 12 
NYortc 1.4250*1-4300 
Montreal 1.9638-15721 
Ams'ctam3.2fi1 1-3J271 8 
Brussels 59.99-60.25 
Cphgen 105977-103386 
Dottfn 1.0576-1.0627 
Frankfurt 2. 881 0-2.8950 
Lisbon 21334-21557 
Madrid 19451-195.14 
Mdan 1995.63-2007.72 
Oslo 103428-105723 
Pans 9.4805-9.4962 
SlTtWm 93436-93771 
Tokyo 232-42-23330 
Vienna 2039-2039 
Zurich 2.4182-2-4310 

0.48-0 38prefn 
22-17prem 57 

1 ft- 1 *prwn 




Stalling index compared with 1975 wee up at 68.7 (day*e range 683-683). 

once boasted a workforce of 
30,000 engaged in jute weav- 
ing and spinning, has seen the 
closure recently of its last 
weaving factory. But there are 
still four spinners operating 

One of them is Victoria 
Spinners, created just over 
four years ago from a factory 
bought from the receivers, 
which has gone from a 
£500,000 turnover in its first 
year to £4 million this year. 

Its original workforce of 35 
has grown to 127 as the 
company fought back against 

Clearing Banks 11 
France House 11 K 

Dlaceout Martiet Lome % 
OwnWritot JTLowS 
Week fouxfc 10 VK 

Tnwsuy BJ** (Discount %) 

Mr John Gibson, the com- 
pany secretary, said: “It looks 
as if the situation is now 
stabilizing. Dundee spinners 
are offering a product of 
consistent quality which is 
being used to help produce 
quality British carpets woven 
from a mixture of jute and 

What is also helping the jute 
spinners is that natural fibres 
appear to be coming back into 
vogue, he added. 

Victoria Spinners is also 
taking trade from India and 
Bangladesh in overseas mar- 



7 days 5%-6’ro 
3rnn#i 6><a-6 , i« 

7 days 5 'kHIWw 

caR M-5% 

1 rmtfi 6V6K 
6 tenth 6ft-6 
call 5ft-4ft 

1 tenth £P«e-5'w 

3 tenth 4 ,1 i#-4 u m fi tenth 4JW* 

Zjnmfi 10 “ji 
3 tenth 10°» 

3tmtth UP 1 ** 




Argentina austral' 1.7117-1.7187 Ireland 

Australia dollar 2.1644-2.1876 Singapore 

Bahrain dfcar 0336 5-0-5405 Maiysai 

Brazil cruzado * 203775-20.8950 Australia 

Cyprus powxl 0.7320-0.7420 Canada 

Finland mama 7.0625-7.1025 Sweden __ 

Greece tfachma 201. 10-203.10 Norway 

Hong Kong dotMr n.126-11.137 Denmark 

FrwSa rupee - 1835-18.75 West Germany — 

Iraq diner n/a Switzerland - — 

Kuwait dinar KO 0.4185-04225 Netherlands - 

Malaysia daUr 3.7016-3.7071 France 

Mexico peso 1245-1295 Japan 

New Zealand rioter ... 2.7816-2.7946 Italy 

Saudi Arabia nyal — 5341 0-5381Q BoigttimfComm) 

Singapore do«ar 3-T30M. 1400 Hong Kong 

South Africa rend 3.1906-32075 Portugal 

U AEdkttam 53290-5 2690 Spam 

•Lloyds Bar* Austria — ~ 

Ratae atapBed by Berdeye Bank HOFEX end ExM. 






6 £760-6-9 750 















3 mnth 10 23 »-10 ,, <e6mnth 10X-10K 

Trade BOs (Discount*) 

Imran 11 *» 2mnlh 11 11 
Smntft ll"» * fiirveh 11H 

Owraoht open 10ft dose 10 
1 week 1O%-10% 6mndt 11%-11 a u 

1 mnth ll*W'il , i« 9ierth 11%-11‘u 
3mmn ii»wiix 12n«i 

Ukm Authority Dapmaa(%f 

2 days 10 * 7 days 10 * 

1 mnth lift 3 mnth 11* 

6 mnth 11* 12mth 11* 

Local Authority Bond* (%> 

1 mnth 11%-llft 2 mnth 11 *- 11 * 
3mntli lift-lift 6 mnth lift- 11 * 

9 mnth 11-96-11 J4 12mth tlft-lfX 

Staffing COs(%) 

1 irmth lift -11 3 mnth il>«-ll 3 i« 

6 mnth li'ifll’w 12 mm 11 *- 11 K 

t-L .L frarar 

H WCfl nXK 

7 days 8*2* 

3 mnth 9-8* 
Sorias Franc 
7 days ift-lft 
3 mnth 4 *is-4 1 m- 

7 days 4’w4».e 
3 mnth 4ft-4* 

cal 7*-6* 
1 nrth 8*-8* 
6mntn 8*2* 
cal 1*-* 

1 mnth 4 "io-4*i» 
6 mnth 4*a* 
cal 54 

1 mnth 4 ,l is-4*,a 
6 mnth 4ft4ft 


Krugerrand (per coin, ox sat): 

S 3&Q039LOO (E27130»3.7g 

S 92302300 (E6436S&00 ) 

S 485.00(833935) ■ 


$ 5370^390 (£3760-3.775 ) 


Applets: E411M aflotad: £100M 

Bids: 19734* received 1 . 28* 

Last week: £9734% received: £96% 

Awe raw. £103591% last wk £103682% 

Nan weak: £100M reptacaElQOM 

Dakar CDs (%) 

1 fundi 640-6.35 
6 mnth 6.10-635 

3 mnth 6.16-6.10 
12ntth 6.10-635 

Fixed Rate Starting Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference rate hr 
Merest period November 1. 1986 to 
November 28, 1988 kKkmhw: 11348 per 


Another Plessey first, 
on Chinese TV 

• ••• •• n-v.*\s 

- : : s- ■’ ; . 

1 ■ b ■" ^ ^ 1«« « | " * 

™ ■ U iZ ' •• •• V s • 

* . •• ■ • . ■■ - : •• ■* -t 

Jr ' ^ -* • ** > 

PiesMj - is supplving tnuTic central systems in Belong. 

China Central Television last month introduced its viewers to British 
TV advertising Tor the first time, with two commercials - thank* 
lo Plessey. 

Pfessey has bnneheda miniatur- 
ised and highly portable long- 
range infra-red movement 
detector for unattended oper- 
ation in remote locations. It is 
abfe to detect human, animal 
or vehicle movement at up to 
weatherproof and low in cost 

It functions by sensing 
radiated heat and focusing this 
by a lens made Tram ger- 
manium onto a pyroelectric 

Virtually undetectable in 
use, the detector has already 
been selected by a number of 
police forces, and also has wide 
civil security applications which 
include, for example, the pro- 
tection ofhigh-value livestock. 

An audience estimated at 
350 million saw them, together 
with the first instalment of the 
BBC natural history series ‘The 
Living Isles,’ which Plessey 

The commercials, in 
Mandarin, featured Plessey 
telecomsandairand road traffic 
control systems. 

The Plessey relationship 
with the People's Republic of 

China extends over 25 years. 

During the Queerik visit, an 
agreement was signed to estab- 
lish a supply' and technical 
support centre in China for 
Plessey ISDX systems. 

Plessey is also currently 
supplying China with optical 
fibre telecom systems, ad- 
vanced Watchman air traffic 
control radar, and road traffic 
control systems for Beying. 


Plessey payphones have been ordered bx or are on trial in, virtually 
every co ontiym South East Asia. Ina six-mon(h concerted marketing 
effort, Plesseyhas rang up paypbonesalesworthmore than £2mQljon. 

£8m testing contract 
from British Telecom 

To improve its private circuit 
maintenance service, British 
Telecom has ordered testing 
equipment from Plessey worth 

The contract, which follows 
two previous contracts worth 
£3-5m, is for Plessey to supply, 
install and commission equip- 
ment for a UK national tele- 
phone nelwork management 

The equipment replaces BTk 
traditional methods of circuit 
lestingby usingmicroprocessor 

control. When installed, BT 
engineers will be able to access, 
either locally or remotely, any 
part of BT’s private lines lo 
check that a circuit is in full 
working order. 

Plessey believes it will 
increase its market share in the 
area, because no other 
company m the world has such 
advanced payphone technology. 

In the far East, PJessey pay- 
phones offer some facilities 
which are not available from 
ordinary telephones - such as 
direct long-distance and inter- 
national dialling, as well as the 
ability to accept payment in 
cash, by credit card or by pre- 
paid debit card. 

Plessey payphones installed 
in Macau and China can even 
accept payment fora single call 
in a mixture of currencies. For 
example, in China the phones 
are programmed to take both 

the local currency and Hong 

Kong dollars. 

Firm orders have also been 
received from Hong Kong, 
Singapore and the Philippines. 

The height of 

Plessey paiphenes an operating in 18 

ing on new finishing mach- 
inery the company is also 
diversifying into one new 
product, a lubricated poly- 
propylene rope core for steel- 
clad lift cables. 

The company is ran essent- 
ially by two people. Mr Mark 
McClelland, the managing 
director, who has long experi- 
ence in jute and flax produc- 
tion, while Mr Gibson is an 


Mr Gibson said: “We are 
running virtually at frill capac- 
ity and have introduced dou- 
ble shift working. The demand 
for high quality carpets is 
coming mainly in the contract 
sector, supplying hotels, office 
blocks and so on. But the 
biggest prospect for further 
growth we see is in increasing 
sales on the Continent.” 

Pran^ll Cf»ll Challenged on all ades, the 

JL 1 JL Vllvli oCU cornered auditor pleads that 
_ 0 m beraavictimofthe*expecta- 

al uminium ™ ” f „ . 
subsidiary 1 

V roiv*: hie rfiitv tn he anrf what 

P ity the poor auditor. He 
is under attack on all 
fronts, and not just 
from government .bodies 
such as the Department of 
Trade and Industry’ and the 
Office of Fair Trading. 

His client and paymaster, 
the company’s management, 
too often views the auditor as ' 
a necessary evil He is too 
intrusive, too expensive and 
pokes his nose in where it is 
not wanted. 

Manv clients see no benefit 
in all" this checking and 
begrudge the auditor his fee. 
The auditor's response to 
pressures on his profits has 
been to concentrate on ways 
to reduce his costs. 

B ec au s e the auditor has no 
statutory duty to report on a 
business's viability, a com- 
pany might be in serious 
fi nanc ial difficulty o r even 
foil within months of receiv- 
ing a dean bill of health by its 
auditor. Yet lenders, es- 
pecially the banks, rely 
heavily on audited financial 
statements when ma k i n g 

And among shareholders 
and other users of financial 
statements, there is a wide- 
spread complaint that the 
auditor avoids any direct 
assessment of management's 
performance and checks only 
the addition of others. 

Challenged on all sides, the 
cornered auditor pleads that 
he is a victim of the ‘'expecta- 
tion gap." 

rp he extent of the mis- 

By Our Industrial 

Pechiney of France, the 
world's third largest alumi- 
nium producer, has sold its 
Kaye extrusions subsidiary, 
with twin bases al Doncaster 
and Enfield, Middlesex, to a 
management buyout team in 
a £4 million deaL 

The new company, Kaye 
Aluminium, will be led by Mr 
John Hargreaves, production 
director, and Mr Neil Paddon- 
Smiih, sales director. 

Mr Tony Taylor, who holds 
the chair at Meta Machines, 
an Oxford robotics maker, is 

c hair man. 

Also on the board is Mr 
Richard Haigreaves, manag- 
ing director of Barorismead, 
the venture capital company 
which led the syndicate be- 
hind the buy-out, its second 
this year. 

The syndicate also includes 
3i (Investors In Industry), 
CIN Industrial Investments 
and Standard Chartered Bank. 

Kaye plans to bmld on its 
specialization in aluminium 
extrusions such as door and 
window profiles for the build- 
ing industry. This sector is 
growing at 3 to 5 per cent a 

Mr Paddon-Smith said: 
“We are aiming at profits 
before tax in excess of £1 
million by 1990." 

The Doncaster factory em- 
ploys 170, while Enfield has q 
sales team of 20.' 

ceives his duty to be and what 
users of financial statements 
expect of him appears to be 

Among the objectives com- 
monly ascribed to the audit 

• The detection and preven- 
tion of fraud. 

• Giving an assurance that 
the company is financially 

• Giving an opinion on 
manag ement efficiency. 

• Giving an opinion on the 
system of controls. 

• Certifying that financial 
statements are accurate. 

One survey found that the 
employees of a company 
believed the audit was for the 
benefit of the management 
rather than for the sharehold- 
ers or creditors. 

The Companies Acts does 

caught in 
a time warp 

The pace of change in cor- 
porate fife and the growing 
complexity of busin ess has 
caught the accountancy pro- 
fession on the back foot. 

The statutory requirements 
for audits have changed little 
over the years. Auditing tech- 
niques hare changed a lot 

Bat critics, inside and out- 
side the profession, argue that 

the profession’s conception of 
the scope and purpose of the 
audit is stuck in financial pre- 

The auditor stffl sees his 
role in terms of the require- 
ments of the Companies Act, 
hot the statutory require- 
ments are minimal. They 
define the auditor's duty as 
ensuring that financial state- 
ments are prepared in ac- 
cordance with the books of 
gpynnnt^ and that they give a 
true and fair view of the 
company’s affairs. 

But “true and fair" does not 
imply anything about viabil- 
ity. One audit partner of a big 
accountancy firm said: “If we 
were asked to comment on the 
viability of a company, many 
of my partners would be 

not require the auditor to 
fulfil any of these functions. 
It does not require companies 
to have proper systems of 
controls, nor does it require 
the profession to report on a 
company's adequacy. 

And the auditor has always 
viewed his role from withm 
the statutory framework. 

“The scope of the audit is 
pathetic compared with what 
the investor needs, 1 ' says Mr 
Nigel MacDonald, senior 
partner at Ernst & Whinney. 

He questions whether au- 
dited accounts are produced 
frequently enough, and 
whether several months after 
the year end is timely. 

“Information technology 
can increase the frequency 
and the timeliness of the 
audit, but the profession is 
not thinking about it There is 
no conceptual anticipation; 
instead, we are providing a 
product which was asked for 
several generations ago." 

This is not to suggest that 

auditing techniques have not 
moved forward. In the I - 50s. 
when the more senior of 
today’s partners were in 
training, the usual technique 
was for the auditor to choost 
a mouth and check it 
This is the so-called trans- 
actions audit, where individ- 
ual transactions are checked. 
At a petrol station, such a test 
would check that a customer 
who bought a gallon of petrol 
got a gallon. 

In the 1960s, there was a I 
move towards the systems- j 
based audiL This tests con- 
trols rather than individual 
transactions. In the example 
of the petrol station, this 
would involve examining the 
valves and calibration inside 
Lhe petrol pump to ensure it 
delivered no more and no less 
than a gallon of petrol. 

H owever, at that time, : 
the introduction of | 
the computer-assisted : 
audit began. This allows the ! 
auditor to check transactions 
by devising programmes that 
will interrogate his clients’ 

Until now, the computer- 
assisted audit has been con- 
fined to larger clients, but the 
advent of the microprocessor 
is permitting it to spread to 
smaller clients. 

A growing number within 
the profession argue that the 
auditor should widen the 
scope of the audit report 
beyond the financial state- 
ments, and direct his report 
to users other than sharehold- 
ers. The profession ought to 
be more strenuous over the 
debate on whether the audi- 
tor should take on the 
responsibility of reporting on 
systems, although there is no 
legal requirement to do so. 

Two recent cases of busi- 
ness failure, Johnson Matth- 
ey Bankers and De Lorean 
Motor Company, have raised 
questions as to whether the 
auditor should not have a 
wider duty to report his 
doubts about the conduct and 
viability of a business. 

Mr MacDonald believes the 
profession needs to become 
much more innovative. 
“Auditors have been given 

a State monopoly and 

they must do it in the public 
interest or they will lose it" 

Carol Ferguson 

Woolworth links 
with Rosehaugh 

By Alison Eadie 

Wool worth Holdings has initially lot 
formed a joint venture with of schemes 
Rosehangh, the property Woolwort 
group, to boost the income overspaced 
from a number of properties Rosehauj 
in Woolworth’s £700 million subsidiary 
property portfolio. erty Hold! 

The venture allows Wool- percentage 
worth to retain the profits value as a 
from any redevelopment of raent fee 
Woolworth stores* sites and Bradman, 
gives it first refusal to re- Rosehaugh. 
occupy all or pan of the erties rnvol 
redeveloped site. the best 

Mr Nigel Whittaker, -cor- around, 
porate affaire director, said. . 
yesterday the venture was I 

initially looking at a handful 
of schemes where the existing 
Woolworth stores were 

Rosehaugh, through its 
subsidiary Shearwater Prop- 
erty Holdings, will take a 
percentage of the completed 
value as a project manage' 
raent fee. Mr Geoffrey 
Bradman, chairman of 
Rosehaugh. said the prop- 
erties involved were some of 
the best retail properties 


ABN 11.00% 

Adam & Company 11.00% 

BCCL 11.00% 

Citibank Savingst 12.45% 

Consolidated Crds 11.00% 

Co-operative Bank 11.00% 

C. Hoare & Co.. 11.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 11. 00% 

Lloyds Bank_ 11.00% 

Nat Westminster 1 1 ,00 %j 

Royal Bank of ScoOandl 1.00% 

TSB 11.00% 

Citibank NA 11.00% 

f Mortgage Base Rate. 


For latest prices dial KX) for 


Or phone 01-925 0006 or Nottingham (0602) 476136. 
Open for dealing seven days this week, 9am to 9pm. 
Ask for our complimentary British Gas 
"How to Deal" 

Information Sheet 







Dealing prices available 9a.m. to 9p.m. on 

01-928 4944 


British Gas Settlement Department 01-938 5412 

FES Harvard Securities 

1 Mi 1 PT f Licervsed Dealers 

* insecurities 

I A wtaadwary ol ttaranl Sccantm Group PLCl 
ftrywiWHik bB eoem r ul u e i wfch am dtahr, are amomtfcJ. 



Following the DIVIDEND DECLARATION by the Company on 
9 th Oc tober 19&6 NOTICE is now given that the following 
DISTRIBUTION will become payable on or after 
IS December 1986. 

Gross Distribution per unit 325 fwrf* 

Less 15% USA Withholding Tax 0.4875 cents 

Converted at $1.4475 

3.25 cents 
0.4875 cents 
2.7625 cents 

Claims should be lodged with the 
DEPOSITARY; National Westminster Rank PLC Stock Office 
Services, 20 Old Broad Stteet, LondfldEC2 
on special forms obtainable from that office. 

United Kingdom Banks and Members of the Stock Fvi-hannr 
should mark payment of the dividend in the appropriate square 
on the hack of the certificate. 

AQ other claimants most complete the special form and present 
. this at the above address together with the certificates) for 
marking by the National Westminster Bank PLC 
Postal applications cannot be accepted. 

Date! 8th December 1986 

Unaudited Group Results 
for year to 

30th September, 1986 

Profit before Tax 
Profit after Tax 
Retained Profit 
Shareholders' Funds 

30th SopL. 




year la 







Earnings per share 5 

Net dividend per Share < 1 , 

Note: The gross profit for the ymr has been eafodatad 



mm T“« IMS ira catOMtOd IT1 aCCOnJanM mUh^anrlartl 

martat makers practice by mdudmg profits on bom 

Wluatfc»ttO#s8FufyLstod. USM and OTC positions a™ 

market values. Holding profits m mqfor positiona have onty been^nchjded 

eoflftmrf tv tttmarilW nnbatton. The 

policy has been to reduce proto for 198S by C192.000 

of C545XIOO in the current year. mctlj09 ho ™9 P"™ 

"In our second year of pubBc life l am pleased to report a further 
significant improvement in profits and to anno^K* J ZrthZ 

and We >«* ™ » 

TGmmotfChaiman) lift December. 1986 

For copies ofthis Prefinwwy Statement please ring 01-928 2661 

liter: 2 


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v-s — — / 

Impressive figures from 
Sloanes’ wallpaper firm 

fcJ52J? h ^ 11 a w eek for costs .h, : - _ . _ 

i , SS ?h ^ !d ? ames 'o^ the ft? current year £ 1 .75 million from Du a bee Combex Marks 

USM. One of the best known The h f rT e ,?f en - 66 per “ slt : < £i -24 mflboA) looks adnev- to come to the market within a 

companies is Osborne &iT- a&KA “ w pro / rts * ^ leaving the shams on a month - AihSdSmtlte 

tie, the Kings Road, Chels£ £? “GW®* « times assuming was the other. 

S^ rer of >. ? brics a35percenttax *»*■» for Horab y « ^ 

wdlpapers, much beloved by ber of SnSs “SSl • The other household name cast to rise to £505,000 

Sloane Rangers and vunniM •>«#) t. ■ ®^. ,D wallpapers featurine ihic w^b wnc • (£27 1.000) and eiven the hinh 

Sloane Rangers and yuppies and 

UliSJnF**' consid! 

and dragged designs. b0oste 

T^ e company originally linen a 
came to the market in March The 
l 2 ?’ > c ?L at a plaang price of ■■ ■ ■ 
I40p. The price climbed to Tables 
200 p on the first day of 
dealings then did nothing for b 
about a year while the earn- real spi 
ings caught up with the rating. ovcv ti 
Since summer, however, the sbowrc 
share price has moved up 50 York » 
per cent to 300p. been ap 

The company this week 
unveiled another set of ex* T®” 

and _ fabrics has expanded 
considerably and has been 

■ The other household name 
featuring this week was 
Hornby Group, the toy manu- 

snare pnee nas moved up 50 * or k ,n June and agents have 
per cent to 300p. been appointed in 12 principal 

The company this week 

unveiled another set of ex* These developments w£|l 
cellent figures for the first half 5 0t contribute to profit this 
of the financial year. Pretax fiflaiiaa l year although the 
profits rose by 25 per cent to burden of start-up costs has 
£508 000 aftw kino been carried in the first halt 

SZSsSS “ MtffiSs 

m “ bed dude Seal ex trie and TSomas 

“o^theUSix *'7**'°*^. .. „ 

K The company was originally 

Tahipn •»*> Part of Dun bee Combex 

22 Marks, the toy firm which 
seen by the company as the wenl “*> receivership in 
real springboard for expansion I981 - Hornby, backed by a 
over the next three years. A “ umfaer of venture capital 
showroom was opened in New muds, was a management 
York in June and agents have buyout at that tune and after 
been appointed in 12 principal four y tan of stringent cost 
cities. controls and vigorous product 

These developments will development, profits have 
not contribute to profit this recovered strongly in the last 
financial year although the two years, 
burden of start-up costs has The company is now cam- 
been carried in the first halt ing to the USM to enable 
Two years on, the American further development of the 

side should be contributing as business. This makes it the 
much as the British, but for second management buyout 


was the other. 

Profits for Hornby are fore* 
cast to rise to £505,000' 
■ (£271,000) and given the high 
level of dependence on me 
Christmas trade it must be 
assumed that this is 

The shares have been placed 
on a multiple of 11.4 times. 
Although this is cheaper than 
the comparable Bluebird toys, 
it must be said that Bluebird’s 
products display greater flare 
and originality. 

. I* is, however, a welcome 
sign of the revival in the 
British toy manufacturing in- 
dustry that there are now at 
least two profitable quoted 
companies on the market. 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member of 
the small companies' unit 
at Phillips & Drew 

High-risk policy draws on 
Lawson’s lucky streak 

T he Bank of England is 
clearly in the business 
of presenting monetary 
policy in the best of all lights 
in its latest Quarterly 

The claim that monetary 
conditions in Britain are 
under control is certainly 
news to a gilts market which 
has been retreating for some 
time in the face of growing 
fears about where monetary 
policy was heading. Sterling 
M3 has been regarded as an 
inedeemable case for some 
time, but there have been 
growing fears that M0 is 
about to join it on the 
problem list 

Certainly the Bank line was 
at odds with the House of 
Commons Treasury and 
Civil Service Committee, 
which last week launched a 
pretty wide-ranging attack on 
monetary policy. “Obscure” 
was the term the committee 
chose to describe Mr Law- 
son’s strategy. r 
This seems unfair. The 
Chancellor has set out a very 
dear monetary strategy. He 
has said on numerous occa- 
sions that he is prepared, fora 
variety of reasons, to tolerate 
the rapid build-up in liquidity 
which high £M3 growth has 
implied. Instead he will 
watch for any sign that this 
liquidity is breaking out into 
spending by monitoring M0. 
He will also monitor the 
currency markets for any 
indication that excess liquid- 
ity may be breaking out 
through the exchange rate. 

Official policy is thus one 
of containment the argu- 
ment being that excess liquid- 
ity in the economy is not in 
itself particularly dangerous. 

It is instead what people 
might do with this liquidity 
that could pose problems. 
This is not an obscure mone- 
tary policy. It is, however, , 
very high risk. 

Policy is taking risks at 
several levels. The most basic 
one is that the chosen in- 
dicators of potential prob- 
lems — M0 and the exchange 
rate - either will not work or 
will not work in time. 

The argument for M0, for 
example, is that when people 
intend to spend they will 
typically obtain extra cash 
from the bank, pushing up 
M0. It thus gives early warn- 
ing of any surge in spending 
which might either threaten 
inflation or threaten to suck 
imports in and thus bit the 
balance of payments. It is 
more than plausible to sug- 
gest, however, that spending 
has already surged this year . 
but that M0 failed to give any 
real warning. 

Consumer spending has 
risen in cash terms by 9 per 


is thus becoming more sen- 
^ v sitive to interest rate changes 
as it becomes more highly 

Nigel Lawson: consumer spending erasing concern 

a basically flat trend in 
cent or so m 1986, a stagger- 
ing figure when put alongside 
manufacturing output. Little 
wonder, therefore, that die 
markets have become so edgy 
about the current account 
outlook. MO, even so, has 
only just begun to give any 
indication of problems, hav- 
ing previously stayed towards 
the bottom of its official 
target range. 

These problems in inter- 
preting the monetary data 
might have been avoided if 
the Chancellor had instead 
taken note of what retail 
sales, industrial production 
and the trade figures were 
doing this summer. Unfortu- 

rrn n FX’iT-.r. v • n .-* « n 

be regarded as dangerously 
subversive in Treasury cir- 
cles. Even so, the authorities 
do seem to be showing con- 
cern at why M0 provided 
such poor early warnings of 
the imbalance between 
spending and output within 
the economy. 

O ne of the reasons has 
been the dramatic 
continuous growth in 
consumer credit In the cosy 
world of the Treasury, if 
someone wants to buy some- 
thing they acquire the cash 
from the bank, which triggers 
a rise in M0. In reality, 

• however, they are more likely 
to use credit — often a credit 
card — to finance the trans- 
action. Such spending foils to 
show up in MO. 

To be fair to the Treasury, 
the expansion in consumer 
credit does seem to be both 
more rapid and more long- 
lived than most expected. 
Credit controls were lifted in 
1982 and a forge, one-off 
adjustment might have been 
expected. Credit has, in con- 
trast, kept on growing. This 
year consumer credit out- 
standing has been showing an 
annual growth rate of some- 
thing like 14 per cent. 

As the Department of 
Trade and Industry notes, a 
high proportion of this 
growth in consumer credit is 
credit cards and much of this 
debt is repaid 1 within a 
month. The use of such cards 
reflects new methods of pay- 
ment rather than any real 
expansion in credit. Even so, 
this does not get away from 
the point that M0 is giving 
the Chancellor a misleadingly 
low “read" on what is going 
on in the economy. 

Further, even adjusting for 
this particular distortion in 
the figures, there is no ignor- 
ing the fact that consumer 
credit is growing rapidly 
enough to cause concern. The 
debt to income ratio for the 
household sector is approach- 
ing 70 per cent, having been 
less than 45 per cent in 1980. 
More importantly, interest 
payments will probably ac- 
count for 7.3 per cent of total 
net household income next 
year, up from just 5. 1 per cent 
in 1983. The consumer sector 

No one is suggesting that 
the personal sector is going to 
collapse under the weight of 
all its credit. There are, 
however, serious potential 
problems at the margin 

In what may prove to have 
been a very significant move, 
Brian Quinn of the Bank of 
England last week noted “cer- 
tain signs of growing distress 
by borrowers who have over- 
strained themselves, attrac- 
ted by the greater availability 
of credit and easier terms”. 

This sits oddly with the 
Bank's breezy optimism in 
the Quarterly Bulletin, but it 
is a very clear signal to 
lendera that the Bank now 
considers some lending poli- 
cies, particularly in the con- 
sumer area, to be bordering 
on the imprudent. It also 
looks very like the “moral 
suasion” tactics so popular , 
with authorities before foe | 
era of “competition and 
credit control” and could, 
potentially, develop into an 
attempt to moderate the pace , 
of monetary growth without 
higher interest rates. 

W e are, however, still 
a long way off that 
yet Instead, putting 
the tone of the Bulletin 
alongside all the statistical fog 
surrounding tin monetary 
indicators, leads to the 
conclusion that it seems un- 
likely that the serious prob- 
lems in monetary policy will 
push the Chancellor into base 
rate increases. The monetary 
aggregates are supposed to 
give advance notice of.prob- 
lems. Mr Lawson is ignoring 
these warnings and instead 
waiting until the damage is 

For the Chancellor to , ig- 
nore the signs coming from 
consumer credit growth and 
spending trends at the mo- 
ment is dearly a high-risk 
strategy, but then the Chan- 
cellor has shown a penchant 
for risky manoeuvres since 
the beginning. So for, he has 
proved lucky — as important 
■ an attribute in chancellors as 
it is in. generals. The Mg 
danger in the new year has to 
be the exchange rate, but with 
the opinion polls improving 
and rising sentiment in the oil 
market, the best bet may well 
be that the Chancellor will : 
prove lucky again. 

George Hodgson 

The author is chief econo- 
mist at Citicorp Scrim- 
geour Vickers Securities 


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agree to 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

The powerful Institution of 
Electrical Engineers (1EE) 
and nmife r Institution of 
Electronic and Radio En- 
ffsteos (2ERE) have agreed a 
merger which will create the 
largest professional engineer- 
ing organization. 

An announcement is also 
imminent abost a merger be- 
tween the Royal Aeronautical 
Society and tire Society of 
licensed Aircraft Engineers 
and Technologists. It is under- 
stood agreement on this has 
been reached. 

Merger talks have also 
started among a number of 
ether learned societies for 
professional engineers. 

There are still nearly 5i 
engineering bodies depute 
several mergers in tbe past few 

The EEE-IERE canon fol- 
lows a members' vote which 
was 97 per cent in fovonr of the 

The IEE title wiD be re- 
tained when the new body is 
formally created in October 
1988 and its first president is 
expected to be Mr Bryce 
McCrirrick, director of en- 
gineering at tbe BBC and a 
senior fignre in both 

Tbe wimhmfil membership 
of the new body will be more 
than 100,000, nearly a quarter 
of them living overseas. 

Until now tbe largest en- 
gineering body has been tbe 
Institution of Mechanical En- 
gineers (IMechE) but the IEE, 
which has just under 90,000 
members* has been drawing 



Crisis? What crisis 
this crisis month? 

T he Government has done its best 
to create a seasonal atmosphere 
this year. The Chancellor played 
Santa with public spending in his 
autumn statement. The combination of 
hefty real income rises and easy credit 
has spelled boom-time for the con- 
sumer. And last week the Bank of 
England wrapped up a glowing view on 
the economy to put in the Treasury’s 

But missing all this goodwill, with 
nose stuck against tbe pane, is the poor 
pound. The foreign exchange markets 
have got it into their heads that — like in 
1 983, 1 985 and 1 986 — there is going to 
be a January sterling crisis in 1987. 

The reasoning behind this view, put 
at its most scientific, is that what has 
happened before is bound to happen 
again. True, there are other reasons why 
sterling might be expected to be 

A lot of money is sloshing around in 
the economy. Broad money, sterling 
M3, is growing at more than 18 per cent 
a year. And that broad money has to go 
somewhere, despite the October speech 
by the Governor of the Bank of England, 
Mr Robin Leigh-Pemberton, in which 
he listed everything one needed to know 
for ignoring sterling M3. 

And, despite the debate over precise 
numbers, there is near unanimity on the 
outlook for the balance of payments. 
Next year will see the current account in 
deficit for the first time since 1979, if 
things have not deteriorated sufficiently 
in the past few weeks for 1986 to get 
there first 

The January 1983 sterling jitters 
occurred in spite of a comfortable Tory 
lead in tbe opinion polls. History could 

Most of the deterioration in the 
current account has been in the market 
since August, when the National In- 
stitute predicted a 1987 current account 
deficit of £6 billion. There is no reason 
for further sterling weakness, as these 
monthly current account deficits reveal 

Capital flows, particularly short-term 
ones, dominate exchange rate move- 
ments. Britain has had a weak exchange 
rate with a strong current account 
position, as in 1985. The United States 
has had a strong dollar alongside an 
atrocious current account deficit. 

But these capital flows could easily 
move against sterling, despite the high 
level of interest rates in London as we 
enter the hypothetical crisis period, if 
political sentiment shifts. 

T he mar kets have been in election 
mode since before the 
Chancellor's autumn statement in 
early November. The main factor has 
been tbe position of the main parties in 
the opinion polls. 

The Conservatives now have a slen- 
der lead which could, it must be 
admitted, disappear. But it could just as 
easily get bigger. It may be that the 
political element is overstated. It is a 
convenient catch-all explanation that 
sterling movements may be caused by a 
variety of factors. Germany has a 
general election in January and the 
mark does not appear to have been 
greatly affected. 

And oil? Just as the importance of oil 
in the British economy is be ginning to 
decline, so we must begin to move away 
from the view of the pound as petro-cur- 
rency. The foil in world oil prices clearly 

Mr How ard Losty, sec- 
retary of tbe IEE, said: **11118 
win create a .new unity and a 
strong single voice for die 
electrical and electronics en- 
gineering profession. It . will 
enable ns to tackle more 
readily professional updating 
with continuing education 
becoming more important as 
technology moves so fast.” 

Tbe more was welcomed by 
Dr Kenneth MiBer, director 
general of the Engineering 
Council, which has been en- 
couraging mergers among the 
i professional bodies con- 
centrating on the smaller 

The last ing merger in the 
profession was of the munici- 
pal engineers with the Institu- 
tion of Civil Engineers, tbe 
oldest engineering institution. 

The . drib, . mechanicals, 
electricals and the Institution 
of Chemical Engineers are tbe 
big four among the pro- 
fessional eagmeering bodies. 

A projected merger between 
the mechanicals nod the In- 
stitution of Production En- 
gineers recently fell through. 

Sterling, however, showed itself rel- 
atively immune from the late summer 
strengthening of oil prices from $10 to 
$15 a barrel. 

Despite all this, the possibility of a 
January crisis has to be recognized. 
What should the Chancellor do abont it? 
The first thing is to prevent Mrs 
Thatcher from giving any interviews on 
sterling and the economy. Her last one, 
when she suggested that the economy 
was not strong enough to put the pound 
in the European Monetary System, did 
no good at alL 

Tbe authorities should be able to 
refine their sterling defence tactics. A 
combination of intervention in the 
foreign exchange markets and in the 
money markets — allowing money 
market rates to rise but easing the 
pressure on the banks to raise base rates 
by direct lending - could go most of the 

And if any currency storm is to be 
temporary, sterling could be allowed to 
take the strain temporarily. Crisis? No 

L ooked at a little closer, all these 
potential reasons for a January 
sterling crisis begin to lose a little 
force. Let us start with the excess money 
growth argument, taking the figures for 
sterling M3 at face value. It is true that 
these paint a picture of broad money 
growth which is substantially higher 
than in tbe other major economies. 

Broad money growth of almost 20 per 
cent looks bad when set against an 
average for the other major economies 
of 10 per cent Bnt — even if one accepts 
that relative rates of money supply 
growth determine exchange rates, as 
under the old London Business School 
international monetarist view — this 
does not mean that the pound needs to 
fall immediately by 10 per cent or more. 

The point is that past money supply 
growth should already be in the ex- 
change rate, and so only future growth 
matters. The evidence, albeit tentative, 
is of some slowing in the rate of broad 
money growth, implying an easing of 
the downward pressure on sterling. 

Similarly, there is some confusion 
about the link between the current 
account and the exchange rate. 

David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

* ■>.-** ' - » ** v v. 4 -> 

Is your credit getting out of hand? 

Look at your credit card statements and other loan agreements. 
Wouldn't it be nice to wipe the slate clean and make a fresh start? 

A Lloyds Bowmaker 'Fresh Start’ personal loan can do 
just that. MBOWW1llJU.IJJ4-i.UilI. 

You can pay off al] your mou—mm 

credit card balances or HP Amount 3* months homovi 

agreements and include the “ r Munrhtyj total Monihb 
amounts outstanding in ONE t ' ,an Krpa ? Krpoy- K 

SECURED LOAN, leaving m-*\i jm-nLL _£ 

^u with onty one wyment gg?I riS !. 

each month- almost certainly 4C1W) u:iM 5|(C7h lw * 7 w 

much lower than yourexisttng sum iTstSh MftUi. ms :« «i 

payments. r.vw jwjtw *>wtfnu iwt.oi ii: 


3* months 



120 MONTHS | 


















mrnt t 

nV'til t 

iTH-ni t 

mrnr £ 

nk-nr C 

mcnl £ 

iiH-ni £ 

mmi £ 



Hn .T, 
10? Sh 

1 JIM *4U 
.W72 1i» 

23 H7 



1*1 J*h 
SH K4 

1 T-.'h 411 
V.1H0 1U 

VJ pn 



1 411.41 







X4h4 HU 





i752ri 4» 



N* 17 

lOSHfl 40 







134 7<i.li0 


1 .7X7 13H 

We can offer a loan, secured by your house, from £1.000 to 
£15,000, all arranged through the post. 

Free Life Insurance is normally included; sickness, accident and 

enforced redundancy cover is 

■ available for a small premium. 

» — 1J0 MC.XTHS All information is treated in 

d Mumbty ibut M..mhiy Trial the strictest confidence. Your 
ft SR tsr, 5K employers a renot contacted. 

T7^ Jf. y ° u i I Sf.‘°“ ake 

.mi sukh tcmoiu vjihi a tresn start, itu in tins 

Liu 7 n xh 71X7 in 7 ii. 5 j wM «i application form and post it 

4D 99 k: n* 17 losstun today. No stamp needed. 


Lloyds Bowmaker, Finance House, FREEPOST, Bournemouth BH1 3TQ. OR PHONE 0202 295024. 



I Period of repayment 

(in months) 

I Purpose of Loan 


1 Employers Name and Address 

I Occupation 

Number of years service 

| Spouse’s Work 

■ Employers Name and Address 

PRIORITY APPLICATION for your personal secured loan. 

(Please complete and return all sections of this farm). BLOCK CAPITALS PLEASE. 


Name and Address of Building 

Roll No. 

Monthly repayment £ 

Amount of Mortgage outstanding 


Name antfAddress of Second 

TeL No. Home ...- 

Surname : 


Surname (Spouse) 


Address of Property offered as 

Amount of Mortgage outstanding 


■ Occupation 

I Number of years service 
| Annual lncome£......... 

I Spouse’s Income £ 

(Proof of income must be endosed) 

Date property purchased ; 

Price paid for property £ 

Estimated value of property 


IAVe do/do not occupy premises 


Date of Birth 

Self. Spouse. 

Post Code 

To Lloyds Bowmaker. 

1/We confirm ihai all information shown 
above is accurate and agree that it shall 
form the basis of any loan agreement. 1/We 
authorise you to take up any references 
you require including information from 
our existing mongageejs). IWc hereby 
authorise you or your agem* so inspect the 
register of our title at H AL Land Registry. 

Signed (Spouse) 


business and finance 


J72 * oor . P^Olio card check your 
“E* 1 snare pnce movements, on this page 
U -P to y 00 your 
tool and coed: this against the 
daily dividend feme. If it matches, you 
nave won outright or a share of the total 

. >. t vi juw v ui ua, h tmi 

• y raooc y stated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 

until utuouiucuu urc 

bade of your card. You must always have 
your card available when daiming - 

|Na. Campany 

I 1 1 Gr Pontand 

_3 Anuraods 
_4 BTP 
5 Croda 

__6 1C Gas 

— GttMgnhhs Gp 
_8 Later 
_9 Micmgcn 
JO Blocfcleys 
1 [ ~Minei' 



14 BwdModt 

15 Jardme Maih 

16 BPfl Indusmcs 
J7 Beale liobnl 
_I8 Beco 


20 Bowaler 

21 Lapone 

22 Whim Creek 

23 UH 

1 251 Chetnrira 
I 261 Woolworth 
| 2?| Chnslies Lni 
I 281 Haiti tc 
I Ml Sound Diffusion 
| 30l Pmiiamon 
I 3l| Home Farm 
| 3Z| Hopfcinsoni 
I 3j| Princ e of W Hotcfa 
I 34l CRA 

| 36| Ran some Sims 

37 Evode 
[ m| Pinkie Hect 

3*4 Thom EMI ' 

1 401 Swire Pacific ’A' i 

1 4l| Transcominenai 
I 4Z| Earn 
1 431 Irish Dial 
f "441 * Artec | 

" & Tins MmmRH LU. 


I Progeny 



Drapery .Stores 
Bunding, Roads 
Industrials S-Z 
Industrials L-R 
Industrials &4C 
Building, Roads 
Industrials E-K 
Industrials A-D 
Industrials A-D 
Drapery .Stores 
Industrials A-D 
Industrials &K 

Building, Roadt 


Industrials ErK 
Hotels. Caterers 

Industrials L-R 
Industrials A-D 
Industrials S-Z 
Industrials S-Z 
Drapery .Stores 
E leciricals 
Deify Total 

Please be sure to take account 
of any minus signs 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £24,000 in 
Saturdays newspaper. 


Stock out- 

£ Stock 

Pnce Cnga im. Gross 
last on only R*± 
FnUy me* yfcJ% y«% 

SHORTS (Under Five 

tain Exeh 13'*% 1987 
997m Thus 100% <987 
SUM Exch ?'-% 1987 
1546m EmJi 1D'j% 1987 
551m Fund 6':% 198547 
1591m ireas 10 % 1987 
92im Inns 3% 1987 

551m Fund 6':% *98547 
1591m inns iu% 1987 
92lm Tims 3% 1987 
1960m Tims 12% 1987 
48tm Trau 7 J «% 198548 
1436m Eicn 107% 1988 
1125m Tima CSV* 1988 
1203m Trana 3% 197648 
1991m Tims 9'I% 1988 
2257m Tren II ')% 1989 
1378m Tiaas 10' A, 1989 
2331m Eari 10% 1989 
1104m Excn 10'"% 1989 
1988m Exch 11% 1969 
536m Tims 5% 198649 
1108m Tims C9':% 19B9 

1046m Tims 13% 1990 
1382m Exch 11% 1990 
1293m EKA 12’.% 1990 
4620* Tims 3% 1990 
SSton Tims 8'*% 1987-90 
1B21m Trees 10% 1990 
405m Exctt 2'r% 1930 

lC10q% 1991 
2241m Tims 11V* 1991 
348m Rind 5V* 1987-91 
1394m Exch 11% 1991 
319m Traas 3% 1991 

100 '- . . 

% :: 


987 +', 
99* • .. 


IM* .. 


99 -Si 


92** .. 
97'. +* 
100 '. ♦* 
Be**- 1 . 
97'« +* 
100 * +'• 
99* ♦ 
89'. .. 

96* ♦* 
887 .. 

10*% •+* 
99* +'. 
103't +* 
84* .. 


81* +% 
97* •♦’« 
101 '«•+'; 
87 4'j 


79* .. 


954m Tima 12*% 
1339m Tram 10% 
1118m Tram C10'A 
1409m Excn 12’«% 
1926m Exch 13*% 
1143m Trees 10% 
1168m Traas 12's% 
49«m Fund B% 
139*0 Tims 13*% 
690m Traas 14', % 
1847m Exeh 12'»% 
1224m Exch 13'.-% 
t259m Trees 9% 
12 % 
10 '.% 


10 % 
10 ’:% 
8 *% 
6 *% 
12 % 
12 *% 
10 *% 

10 % 

108 4-1 
95* 4’. 

104* +1* 
109* 41* 
95* +1* 
82* .. 
in* 4i* 
116* 41* 
108* 41 
111* +1* 
89* 41 
104* 41* 
74* 41* 
95* 41* 

109 +1* 
115* 41* 

89* 41* 
122% 41* 
112 * + 1 * 
79* 42 
93* 41* 
112 % + 1 * 
96* 41* 
87 41* 

122* 41% 
75* 41* 
92 41* 

127* -1% 
IDS* 42* 

107* +i* 
97* 41* 
95* -1* 
113* «4l* 
88* 41* 
94* 41* 
92* 41* 
117* 41* 


678a Com 10% 2002 94* +1* 

1897m Each 12% 1996-02 106 41* 

1256m Treat 9*% 2002 33 41* 

950a Tress 10% 2003 95 41* 

2i26m Trees 13*% MOQ-03 lie* 41* 
1991m Traas n*% too mm km* +i* 
assra Trees 10% 2riM 95 -1* 

222m Fund 3*% 199WM 50* *4* 

101 Bra Cow B':% 2004 91 * + 1 * 

1380m COM 9':% 2005 91* 41* 

1044m Exch 10*% ZOOS 99* +1* 
2505m Trees 12*% 20034J5 113'. 41* 
56ttn Traas 8% 2002-06 80* 41* 
338m Cm »*% 2008 33* -1% 

339011 Ties* I1V% 2003-07 107* 41* 
lSZhn Time 13'i% 2004-06 121* 42 
601m Trees BN 2009 GO* 41% 
5B4m Trees 5*% 2008-12 58* 4 * 
543m Trees 7*% 2012-15 77% +1* 

1144m Each 12% 2013-17 114* m+V. 


I4im Consols 4% 
BS7m War Ln 3 *% 
75m Coov 3*% 
16m Trees 3% 
67m Consols 2'r% 
7180 Tnua 2'i% 

39* 4% 103 

34% -1 102 

48* 4* 78 

29* -* 102 

24* »4l* 103 

34* 4* >03 

1 lima IL 3% 1966 
1 TIMS IL 2% 1990 
I Traas IL 2% 1996 
I Traas IL2*% 2Wi 
1 Tress IL3'i% 2003 
1 Trass IL 2% 2006 
1 Trees 82 'i% 2009 
1 Tims 112*% 2011 
1 Traas IL2'J% 2013 
1 Trees 02'/% 2010 
1 Traas «2*% 2016 A 
I Trees 82*% 2020 


Aston trull 




Ansoactwr (Henry) 



. *30 


50 .. 



Bai* 01 irefav) 


• *3 


80 .. 

Bta* LfluW braa 


B«nk Leran UR 


Bar* Of Sanrato 


Bank Ot warns 






60 70 




81 132 

Brown Shiptey 


• -5 


24 275 

Cater Afan 


• .. 


182 355 





87 140 

Chase Mssraen 





85 .. 





0.1 .. 

Deutsoie Bank 




42 .. 

fepaty < Gm 


• -* 


*2 292 

first Nat Finance 




13 122 

Gerard Nat 




79 .. 

GiriineH Pee: 




11 182 

H antra 


a +3 

40 90 

HR Samuel 


• +1 


83 80 

HK Shanghai 
josapn rCfloocrt) 
king & snaxaon 






• .. 




4.0 .. 

3 7 205 
82 110 

Hanwort Benson 




30 11.0 





56 72 




52 135 

MctBini W* 

Do« 'A' 



• -52 



24 .. 
M . 


Morgan OenW 

Nat Ai« Bk 

MM West 



Rea Bras _ 

564 +17 

378 +3 

D26 46 

288 -2 

27.8 53 54 

600 4 8 93 

163b S3 10.1 


Capitalization and week’s change 

(Current market price multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the stock quota!) , (i ._, «. 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on December 8. Dealings end on Friday. §Cpntango day December 22. Settlement day January a- 

§Forward bai E 3 ' 118 2IC permitted on two previous business days. 

Where stocks have otdy one price quoted, these are mfetfe prt*a taken d^y at 5pm. Yield, cfcsase and P/E an calcufsted on tt» mldtSe price 


s comwiv 

Pnce digs Grass Dm 
on aw Tld 
Fnday week pence % F IE 

819 in Rovt Brk 01 Scot 288 «+2 lie 33 85 
176.70 soraan 70S -to l&4 22 115. 

i2S43m Sand Chart 812 430 46.4 5.7 100 

B2.4W U«on 650 J 923 S3 665 

13606m Wafa F«go £73* -1* .. .. 

25.7m Wntnat 305 -9 7.7 23153 




BodUnq to na 13b 

Brown (UMMwf S9S 

Buddeya 156 

BuhwrfHPI IK 

SumnMOd Brew 69? 
CUTh (Mafihawi 439 

DnantfiM A) 20i 

Greene* WMtoy >» 

Greene K0g 2S] 

Grinness 298 

Heroes & Nnw 84S 
legrtand DBd 6S 

L7m kiwqcracn Ood 143 
lOoi nan Deal <98 

1.7a IMmton Thompson 110 
1 6m Mortend 

3m SA Breweries S| 

4m Scot 5 New ^ 

1 8 m Van* 47? 

3*9 wwaveed 'f> 2sa 

0 0OT 279 

7M WMtvUd In* 231 

8m vawvmmpui & □ seo 
OOQ Toing A' 29S 

103 43 12.4 

173 13 164 
T»3 43 11.7 

113 4.1 123 
113 43 29.7 

133 25 156 
IM 33 203 



BPB IndusMs 
Baqqeridga Bncfc 

K B 

Baler /Bent Censtr 
Berko** Op 
Beer Bros 
9on Ode 
BraMonAOoud W 
Br Dradong 
Brown tf Jackson 


BumaB & MaSam 

Conner Gip 
Croudi (Derek) 

Dew (Georoe] 

Doutfas (PM) 


O0 -A- 

Federated Hsg _ 

Fmmn Gp 76 

GaWort re 

GUM 8 Dandy OTO 142 
Oseson (I4J1 3*1 

HAT 150 

Bar 474 

Henderson 178 

Hewden-SJuan 68 

Heawood Man 204 
(tos & Hi 650 

Homrd Shut SI 

tosmefe Jomon 196 

Jens (J) 1 Sons 470 

Lang 13 377 

Do 377 

Lawrence (Writs?) S3 

L*ey (FJQ M 

Love* (VJ) 37S 

MagnM & SoUto 2S4 
Mandara 323 

Mney 119 

ifarafafa (KeKax) 193 
May & HasHB 12S 


Mew W 280 

S3 5.4 355 
53 33 143 
. . . . 12 
4.0 3J3 .. 

16 24 221 
33 5.1 90 
65 13 122 
73 IB 167 

83 7.4 18J 

32b 2S 25.7 
5S> 4 B 20.1 

•26 25 117 

25 33 90 
50 42 124 
5.4 7.1 222 

63 It. 112 
28 16 393 

84 25 9.7 

5-4 16 142 

McCarthy & 5 3U 

Meyer M 280 

MMr (Santey) 38 

Morii (A) 145 

M u wk k ii (John) 354 

M uwj um 813 

Nomnmani Bnek 307 

Perjkrenon 2*5 

PTxiona Tndier 90 

RMC 669 

Remand 398 

Rrtoerod 236 

Rugby CameM ifq 

Sondel Pe i kku iTQ 

Shaipe 6 Rslmr 132 

Smart y) B? 

Tarmac 42B 

Tgmx Woodrow 303 

Tfaury Group 208 

i Tim & Arnold 235 

I Trent 66 

I TunM 21» 

I VSrroftoB 325 

I WSri) 289 

I Wernngton (T) 96 

i watts Bute 202 

l Wetrem Bras 

TOO 17 11.7 
25 17 120 

10.1 10 118 

20.1 27 121 

ZD 33 20.4 

7.1 16 14.7 

145 10 97.1 
107 28 105 
102 26 108 
57 63 85 
55A14L5 43 
1(L2 27 112 I 
7.7 18 305 
126 33 196 | 
14 45 228 
73 4.1 111 
11 0.1 . . 
121 4.7 121 

46 16138 
25 20150 
13 17 . . 

93 6.4 195 
287 65 108 

157 13 152 

93 10 229 

98 17 93 
.. • .. 38 
203 52 106 
286 11 146 

17.1 43 129 
125 48 102 

98 52203 

35 27 202 

63 73 125 
158 27 150 
127 42 135 , 

84 43 158 
82 26 188 
1.6 15 618 

103 43 383 
150 43 112 

158 43112 

184 33 183 

18 15 113 
58 24 148 
13 18 383 
0.7 05 173 
12 18 182 
55 11 175 


AKZO N/V Bearer 
AM Goadds 
A mmsham 
Author Chemical 

Bayer DM50 
Brent Owns 
» BenacT 
Caimg (IN) 


Cory [Horace) 
Do DU 

Hfe* Croratd 

Habtead (lames) 

Hoecfta 0660 

Hoh Uoyd 

aim cnem tod 



Norsk Hydra 

Rsabroak tfdgs 
Sutcktte Speekman 

Tl n I- i-n|. ■ 1 1... I. 

rruumiwH rwai 

TOrkSMB Chore 




B.1 .. 




1.7 250 


• .. 


23 233 



20 1*.1 






J -1% 


6.4 .. 




70 199 



1 *4 170 




'•10 185 




4.1 205 


• +1I 


4.1 10.1 


• +17 


33 115 


• .. 


40 11.1 



50 87 




87 182 


• 413 

.. 181 




19 160 


44 102 


• +5 


02 100 




40 90 







• +1 


84 1*0 



44 123 




11 17.1 


• -3 


50 150 






10 220 




17 110 




20 17.7 





.. 820 


• 420 


40 287 




£6 15.1 


892m AngSa TV 'A' 
1023m Cerarri TV 
5350800 Grainpttn 
41.7m KTV N/V 
7&6m LWT Mdgs 
37 Dm Scot TV 
885m TVS N/V 
103n TSW 

144 Ore Thames TV 
662m TV.AM 
8176.000 UbW TV 
563m YaricsMm TV 




43 170 



• " 


50 7.1 




50 88 




50 121 




40 114 




57 124 




60 95 




5D .. 




32 .. 


• .. 


89 70 


Akmon 207 «e4 

Amber Oey 15* +* 

AqmcuCiMI 'A' 65 « .. 

Arifay (Lame) 180 m-1 

Been* (Jaawe) 'A' 96 
Sentafa 146 84-1 

Becks Lais 6* 

Body Shpp 883 +11 

amramr 72 +4 

BrEMRi (N) B05 «-6 

Burton 2SB -4 

Carton 167 -1 

Casket (5) 82 +6 

Church 430 

57 23185 
. . . . 173 

16 S3 222 
23 18 287 
33 43125 
83 23 381 

Coaa Vtyeae 46? s+14 

Comolned Engfcrii 210 -1 

Court* rFwn) A' 146 _* 

-A* 415 • .. 

DhHRS Qrp 321 

Ornhn 550 

Os a Gotosmtn 90 
By* (tMmtMdon) E66 
BefaSbn ibo 
B am 200 

Execumi cuoma iie 
Fine Art 0m> 186 

Fort (Mmsm 61 

Formmjtw 205 

Rsimane 384 


Gnk*um Oii Gp 250 
GUS £14', 

Do "A" no* 

Hmrts Ouaeneway 212 
Hrim Of London X 
Hokro _ . 39 

House 01 Leraee tto 
J ones (Bnem) 66 

Lades Praia SI* 

LCP 197 

Lee Cooper xe 
Uboly 665 

Uncroa ngom 247 
Marks s Gpancar 179 
Mendee (Jmvr) 316 
Hose Brae 565 

Next 224 

C*w (G) 3S0 

Pemat 86 

needy (Allred) 132 

Rstnere (Jewetoa) 280 

Reed WrnM 3K3 

Reed (Aue*i) 

si usuras 

83 45 
105 28 

18 23 
53 40 

118 43 
303 21 

303 23 

75 10 
£3 77 
11 73 

120 7.1 
10 56 
1.1 21 
93b 47 
63 U 

11.1 17 

103 40 
53 12 
63 15 

84 18 

7.1 22 

121 37 

1.1 13 
55 42 
43 1.7 
75 £2 
93 46 

arMiMW) 'A' 

921m Do 'S' 55 

218m Stanley (AQ) 64 

BMdS Stoemon Vl‘ 96 

Storehouse 273 

Stotm om d 10* 

Bunrie Oodles 38 

SupenPug Sane <68 

53 43 
63 11 
17 25 
43 11 

at 62 

113 40 

THM 6 Brtw 
rune ftoducta 
Dp Top Drag 

wen write 


461 -Sn RottEXMl UJ tM 

67.7m AS Bed 334 +4 143 48 178 

005m AHwneric ?T5 +2 27 13 213 

6161MB Arusnd 113 -1 03 08 115 

300m A(riieet Cfeavum 63 . . 6 . . 80 

7332000 Arian 106 «+6 87 03113 

1527m AUanoc Comp 236 +5 4.1 18 68 


t omm 

Pm Q>T toss ojj 

fat an 5» W* 

Au5o Fldeay 71 

Atuemne 16* 

Auto Sec ito 

Lire acc 2K 

'4m B3R 63 

2 m Bit* 136 

\(m torfmd i» 

BOedtwpe 5» 

LOn Br Telecom 137 

1 9b Brawn Boverf Kent 92 


Do 7*% CPF 23* 

COM tod 141 

ComcKJ 3*8 

Cray Beet - 330 

§3?*^, Vd 

Ode Bed 


23 12 135 
157 81 M3 
25 20 26 

105 15 192 
112 17115 

536 68 87 
Ole 06388 

72 23173 

106 11 125 

£1 1.1 212 

.. .. Ill 

Oenrust 4fi 

Do A' 38 

Dorino 30? 

DoveUng 4 (Me 43 

n dir 1E2 

ur * 

Etocmme Rarato 56 

i °0eeu» 09 an 

Euroowrm 267 

FKi Sect 93 

Fmrmd 98 

Fowrod Teen SI 

SBC 186 

Grower** 133 

ghJend Beet g 

WS«nri 6 CCIW0J243 
Jones Stroud 245 

Kode 2» 

Lac Ratrigeradon 275 


Macro 4 21S 

26 25158 

24 07 172 

55 17 255 

73 13 103 
1.7 1.1 113 

43 89203 
10 OS .. 
15 16 101 
13 41 27 
26 09207 
23 53112 
41 £5 113 

84 28 187 
ID 12 -- 
45 62 158 
K9b 23 173 
88 25 144 
13 18 201 
26 17205 

25 261&3 
ID 2D 213 
63 38 103 

Mere Foam 

Mriray Bed 



Oxtoro >isuu mera» 386 
P-£ t ram n en onri 158 
nuccre 23* 

PMpS Fin 5*<% £96* 

PMps lamps H/V m* 

PTteO <BO 

Oo ‘A* Lid Vbdng 170 

Piessey 172 

00 ADR 25 £17* 

Pressed 151- 

62 22 114 

82 46 67 
72 42127 

Schotos (GH) 
Sound Odtorion 


Stone W 


36 28 140 

.. .. 407 

43 28 186 
£5 23flt>. 

168 48 123 

0.7 13 111 

21 13 155 
89 64 202 
07 12 146 


Thom EMI 




Utd Laaston 

LXd Soendflc 

Wholesale Rtttog 
Mgfrii (Henry) 


648m Afaen thine 

36Dm Baridey T« 
473m Cenmna 
163m Candomr 

1872.000 Cantrewy 
7228000 Equity 18> 31 •-* 

387m hory 4 Stom 186 m+3 
533n> umda 204 «+4 

718m Nai Home iocs 187 9*3 
646m Do 80 % £109 +1 

426m NemaM 123 

178m Psmrii (JT) 323 +3 

TampWton Obrth 210 

HnaaraalTnmi wineerc 


.. 89 




81 .. 


• .. 




10 782 




24 300 






42 232 


• 43 


40 210 


• 44 


4 4 20.1 


• 43 


24 300 




70 .. 

on pig* 21 


45 33168 
-1 25B1T3-440 

• *5 117 35 147 

-M 81 26 128 

.. .10 4fi 324 

Barks (Sktoay Q 370 
Barter i Decent 15 
Ban lAfll 317 

Bassan fhods 100 
Badeye 75 

Badri 164 

d(S A W) 295 
BUM Cod 111 

Booker 3M 

Bonhwkk 74 

Ceebuty- nctme ppaa IS* 

CriSunM DerWa 290 
Do A- 216 

Orient 130 

.. .20 46328 

43 175 35 145 

-FIS 158 48 84 
+% .. ..645 

♦7 111 61 ao 

• +2 mo '23185 
-1 11 41 183 

.. 81 17172 


78 67 315 
•-8 T7J 21 121 
+1 1.1 15 493 

+5 87 47215 

86 4810D 
.. 113 35 186 

.. 118 21 128 

-3 103 63 165 

Gmtramb - 941 

Glees Gtomr 240 

Hxrimrood ftoode 154 

Mvds 166 

medown tfdgs 216 

HumerSept# iB6 

Kwft Saee 246 

Leee (John J) 136 

Love* K3F) 96 

Low pton) 675 

Mettbewe (Bamart) 261 
Mem Trade Supp ISO 
MoThor AM) 100 

Maori (3t) (VMo) 215 
IkiumiB 56* 

22 15186 
15D 5-5 18D 

tS .15283 
55 *8 181 
27 15 221 

47 26 145 

47 12140 
45 47 77 
35 25 215 
49 15640 
86 28146 
35 27186 
ED 81 93 

183 34 180 

48 15253 
75 45325 
20 13 286 
85 4.1 145 
26 25223 

Ml Foods 

Tausnar fluttodge 




47 111 


• .. 


34 >82 




18 143 




30 119 


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23 220 


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50 140 


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870 82 185 


8839300 FHen* HOW* MO • .. 13 07 656 

4366.1m Oerto Met 476 +19 135 25 155 

478m Kennedy ftoofeea 268 • .. 24 09 133 

S538mLwtxo(m 364 44 165 45 175 

232m Lon IW HOW'S 463 -2 145 81 141 

2022m Mown Charts* 94* -* 11 22 126 

14im Piwoe Of W Hukds 114 +6 2J 13 205 

1 83 Era Quaere Mom 65* +1* £3 35 172 

1033m Savoy HoWs 'A 1 375 -1 63 13 M3 

177301 StaU* 75 .. 2D 27 182 

13895m Truathcum Form 175 -7 75 48 175 



231 -6 

171 -1 

128 +1 

590 +» 

95 +10 


37B +1S 

200 -1 

Amnion 49 8-1 

Annexe 31* •*» 

Aah 6 Lacey 330 

AaMey 42 

An Br Big 8% >73 +00 

Aurora 75* +2* 

Aron Rribn 370 -19 

Aersnue Mmal si 

BEA 125+2 

SET OTO 431 +« 

BETCC 62 m+3 

BOC 348 

QTR 273 +7 

Oebeock 182 +2 

Bakm Peridm 232 m+13 

Broro 154 -2 

Banan 151 +1 

Butow And 290 m-12 

Bvrow Mptxan 94 +13 

Bartrni Transport 346 • 

193 49 13.0 
11.1 43 85 
S3 63 123 
26 28 173 

Bum tog 

D e o c ni m 

>56 +13 


199 m+12 

416 miG 
36 -6 

fflS -1 

16 87 125 
Slrit 81 48 
1SB 55 .. 
107 57 126 
35 55 89 
67 28 115 
17.1 41 175 

15 48 315 

Baristorts lli +2 95b 92 92 

Baapok 116 +2 81 13 293 

Bastobed 473 -10 55 15 125 

Beatwood 155 +S 29 13 .. 

Bttnr (J) 266 8-90 115 46 1£1 

&smk 100 28 t J 353 

Bffam fJ) 136 m+6 55 25126 

Breed Qurirest 138 +9 81 48 122 

Btoldnmem MM 163 • . . 83b 65 93 

BSadl Arrow 186 • . . 75 4S 123 

Beck raw) 193 +2 81 1.1 195 

Backwocd Hodge 41 •-* 15 24 65 

Buo Arrow 404 +22 £9 IT 225 

Bodyea e 395 8+35 95 28 155 

Boos 229 8+2 105 45 145 

Bouton (Mm) IS* +2* 

O nwe w r 331 4« 135 41303 

Dow mar toe E2i% 

OroB w ml to Op 1S7 -1 

tten eear 278 *4 175 85 122 

Bsswmr 63 +2* 15 20 115 

Brant Water 204 • 75 29 155 

augend Gp 37 • 05 18247 

Btdon MS -1 7.1 45 9D 

Brdport-Gutfy 210 8-3, 25 45115 

Br Bdg 5 Eng App220 +15 20 89 .. 


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Pnce CbgeGross D» 

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Fi*y week pence % PTE 


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Cratoty mi* 

440 -S 

101 B+l 
62 +1S 

6 42* 

31* +3 

94 -I 

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113 m+io 
£» -20 

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220 S0 106 
46 48 95 

14 48 155 
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03 17 .. 

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14 1.7 305 
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Dtodee 4 *M -A' 
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78 76 til 

7.1 11 175 

79 75 115 
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124m WBsGD 


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DOpk Pit 2140 

Everad 192 

Ptriw 162 

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Peremr (X) 133 

Ftfe tadrwr 81 

Ftodns 515 

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Gorton Bag IQS 

p -t1 mttmt 178 

Graves 146 

Glaxo 9*9 

GtyrMd KB 

Goring Kerr 270 

Gramawi Mdge wo 

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107 88 «L5 

96 17146 
27 85 185 

76 55111 

S740m Aboey Ufa TO 

522. Gm AMs 6 tie 220. 

1QG33Ctor ASaa= Vea 

3.157.0m Are Gen QTs 

47 6m BradStock 377 

1833m Btst-xc £4 

1.1255m ton Ur»i 3T3 

3175m Eooiy 6 Law 316 

(VU 385 

Gen Acc oer g 614 

GRE 774 

HeWi C E *60 

Hog= RobkHon 347 

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Lccocn 6 Maa 203 

Loe inJ to* 458 

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PBM £15 

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TOO 50 .. 

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85 11 279 

447 5.1 .. 

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Sc^r e*4 

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sawai WTsob *44 


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Unmum ntTnafaao 

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415 55 2Z4 

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208 46 . 
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HBI Eng 235 -13 

HaidR uo e-4 

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Hekne 254 

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143 78 122 
24 09 217 

19 11 M2 

Da 8% Cnr 
Do 10% 

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H eeiw Oimiriei 
Hei PkJtnWd 
Hepwarfi Ceraroc 

157 -1 

£MS5 -1 

112 * .. 


Z73 +3 

250 -2 

ijC7D00 Herroragm Bnseks 110 

733m Hemm Trm* 1*7 

£9901 K lesrae ijb 

841S9GD 364M-S KBgs 51 

729m lee too 1S2 

iTnrrr iiminwiiM ire 

22£2m P mmru m 313 

422m Rewy cseW 370 

5872030 May Lwsure ^ 

28 Sb Sage Hctdovs 
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2Ute Saraey Lanin 190 

597E900 Toceraiam HoBV M 

*.25m 2m 191 

422n MW) UaM 
5872030 May Lwaure 
28 Sw Sage fafm 
sa:m Samaricn Gp 



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H wang Groap 
Kridwn VMwinpoe 

Jatuwon 5 FB 
Jo nee tgimm 
Juudin (Tharaas) 

Kataey tad 
Keramdy Sna 

1M 9*7 

132 +5 

173 #*10 
207 -3 


51 -7 

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329 «+7 

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333 +10 


£ -^5- 

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38 +2* 

332 • 


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Aw Ai- 
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79 46146 
IT 19169 
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331 «-4 

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39 11 259 
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29 48 97 
3J 59 89 
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18 47 BD 
54 79 79 

19 79 99 
M2 77109 

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GM Kri Booit 

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71 «+1 

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137 «+M 

201 +6 
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53 14 213 
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Middle was 


49Jfci New Wts 

Nth Broken W 

81.1m Nth 

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2079m Peko Vofaend 

Rand Moaa Ltd 

— Rand Mnes prop 

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Ne e mwn Tcnka 
Nobri 5 Lund 

47 • .. 

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Petker Knot 'A* 
Pentoh JT 

174 +1 

414 4+2 

323 43 

570 -6 

37 -2 

183 -13 

124 51 174 
18 09 .. 
51 09 184 

109 88 58 

18 39601 

103 85 t33 

19 12 27.1 

17 34 28B 

134 S3 114 
59 29 281 
12.1 79 7.t 

T7.1 4.1 109 


SI Helena 
SA Lind 

• 45 129 49 .. 

-1* 551 89 .. 

+27 .. .. .. 

• +5 318 4.7 69 

26D 33 517 

-% 125 159 .. 

-5 16D 150 .. ' 

-1* 118 44 .. 

Swgri Besi 

Wankte CoBery 

Pendend tod 500 +26 

gyeo-Me £U* 

RRtogron 826 *11 

FtatoCDW 71 . -1 

Pbrtris 2S0 •-5 

Porwr Omdbmn 303 +G 

Pwri Duflryn 2S2 W-4 

PlMMCh Hbgj 107 «+1 

»•» 111 -12 

RadbraAMU ire 

RwriOrg 524 +7 

Rbuotv Stats 168 +10 

R*Kt8i (Gt Bridge SS e-3 
Redds 6 Cbtown 606 «+12 

Radtoam Oasx 338 +16 

99 54 228 
284 49110 
29 04213 
84 04 259 
218 38166 
81 59117 
104 4J 104 
29 ID 379 
22.1 74 21.1 

14' 1.1 161 
7.1 48 89 

34 15 211 
229 49 185 
78 44 15.1 
17 19 38 
234 ID 17-4 
86 £6 66 

West RwkJ cons 

149m Zartta Capper 
7412900 Zritopan 

-5 ..a .. .. 

-22 45D 80 .. 

-Z\ 556 109 .. I 

-0 549 94 .. 1 

.. ISA 113 .. 
49 68 85 


-18 679 129 .. 
-20 239 89 .. 
-1* 171 89 .. 
+5 3D 14 .. 
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-% 173 117 .. 

-2 1-1. 39 .. 


18867m Reed tar 

1068m ReraaAaw 90 

482m Renew 62 

14.1m Restnror 137 

UM25 5««r* 574 

3473900 Remnora 37* 

194m Ricardo Big 135 

1500900 Rtomd (Least) 75 

6BS3900 Rchertean Warn 52 

24m Robertscn Res 66 

429w Robtoeon (Thoremd 288 
117- Rcctamre' 45 

7.132900 Repner 1!B 

156m Do 'A' IDS 

Orinoco rtapnea a* 

857m Rotorii 138 

209m Ruaaai (A) 88 

69 26167 
SB 17161 

11 09 194 

- e .. 67 

68 69147 

58 09438 
14 49 12.1 
44 38 109 

59 67 59 

AC 330 

AE 253 

Ateondara 15 


BSO 50 

Branml (CO) 277 

8r Car AucScns 170 

Ctfrins 238 

CovAam 192 

Otris (Godfrey) 117 

Dowty 211 

HtF . 70 

FR Grajp 3T9 

Fort Motor 137 

37 49 104 
66b 19389 
.. e .. 107 
as 66 76 
as 88 73 
.. .. 1.1 
81 59 108 

28 27 279 

Qatoa CftmWG) 120 
Genera Motor 2*5 

167b 4.1 124 
.. . . 234 

84b 53 7.7 

16 11 129 

17 38 169 , 

113 4D 153 
214 44 103 I 

64 18 181 ; 
74 39 .. 
57 80 99 
64 65 105 
79 67 145 

49 14 214 
7D 16 .. 
49 34149 
259 104 .. 

Honda Motor £54 

Jaguar S23 

Jesus 110 

Kwstflt 06 

4750900 8) 

418m SWe Ttomy 
214m B sndhiem 

86 44 107 
34 07 . . i 

127 28 1D.B i 

84 . 68 314 
27 24 179 

161 59 173 

74 34 115 
184 49 91 

64 60 114 
84 85113 

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429» Seat Hemett* 
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-11 .. -.44 

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279m StatnttK 
1699 b Staton &g 
4S9m Ski Fkjoarad 

3719m SKF. F 
19B29m4)Hm 5 Nepnew 
1800900 Sunn WMwsrth 
585.1 b SHM tod 
7474900 Spear UW) 

mim S pir ajfSa ra o 
1024m Sntog Rm 
7961900 Stag ninein 
6867900 Star Coatp 

795 +10 

(D • .. 

811 e-r 
111 «+10 
440 «+3 

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Bonx Eng 

Brooke Tool 

tomtom (Mu*) 



SaadDRl Eng 
Cepero tad 
Saps tad 




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47 104 



675 7.1 80 




27 170 







07* 24 302 



6.7 7.1 




87 93 



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42 130 




14 150 




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62 322 


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I T«> t*doa 
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Trirt Ml* 
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TmMts FH 
Trafalgar House 

271 *49 



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461 -7 

195 -10 

246 -3 

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216 46 

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172 5 46 

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173 9-9 

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66 44 146 
74 46 114 
19 04261 
74 7 J HI 
18 19124 
267 44 129 
199 49117 
34 28960 
17.1 64 61 
65 114 74 
.. .. £1 
149 86139 
60 24214 

10.7*0 Accord 
SUa Assoc Book 
4682* Assoc He— pepm 
4910900 Stack CAAQ 
3TL4m Etostol 
464m C06W WBl) 

31 Dm Do 'A' 

i&sm nyiwIUfeUg 
6250400 Home Countae 

7B6m tadtpenowt 

29t54m tat Ttnoon 

S58Jta News tota nafl oato 
2382m Octopus 
Kite Portsmouth sum 
Slim 7Mr tod 
6261m Utd NeewMMn 


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+13 83 

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+23 38.5 
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-6 118 

• +Z 38 

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+2 124 

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•-2 149 

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9-6 108 

• .. 54 

•+2 926 

• -5 229 

Z798m Ampol 
914m Aim Bwrgy 

149 79 16* 
209 431&2 

49 55 44 

122 1561 

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64 63 104 
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Br Borneo 
Br ftontaM 


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169 79 61 







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Claims required for 
+74 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272, 

17955 3m 



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New umsen CJ 
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i Palervm ZOtf) 

i Da A' 
i PoUy Peek 
i Snw Deny 

■ Steel Bros 

i Tatar Kunaev 
i Vow Cano 


265o> Apnea Mead 
59 lie AAfaon CCDS 
n 7m Aicocra ire 
515m Asms Paoer 
21 3m Baraer iCnerkm) 
222m Bomrosa 
4fi6m Boase Messem 
997 7m BPCC 
0677900 Bronnmg 
BSO 6m Bod 
3d 7m Caittcn Coram 
9DSSD00 Cbaomwi 

U On Creeper (James) 
3133m 0FI3 
295m Danfiscn Pearce 
325m Eunriptns Puo 
72.1m Fwsuson tad 
t56m Fncn Dew ; n 
tllm Geera Glow 
iSrim Goto Oreemras 
1£6m Good Reiaszns 
325m H un l e rp nnt 
172m Uapes 
63Dm Lpne HS & a 
148 7m MctoTxQdale 
317m Mora OPerraD 

News Coro 

1709m Norton CtoW 

2D88D00 Ones Pepar 
tQ(L2ra Si has Gp 
621 fm Saann lOp 
IT* 3a Do Con* 
190m Siandmck 
6186 m Smell AJeffl 
4 *90 OC0 Usner Walur 
205m vwn *riw> 
55 r 3M0 waee 
121 Tra Waflffln g u m (J] 
33.7m Wesnough 
1265m WCR8 


375m Atoad Lon 
7962.000 Apex 

r.n fy _ > . i _ n _. C n ~- 
JD - J ra khuiiri J flU» 

40.6m Asda 

183m Btograve 
122.4m Benin (P) 
1294m Braatart 
£55 5m Br Lind 
l*39m teuton 

Z650D00 Cara (A) (Sam 53 

1 95.7m Cap 6 Counters E5 

83*0000 CaitMl PTOO 3T0 

209m Cenvowioal 191 

S3 Ora Cnecterkekt *95 

7D5*DWJ aarira Nckofa I5i 

64.Qm Cwytorm 238 

421m Corneas 260 

125m Contra Sees ZT: 

8G8m Coaitry-A New - - 134 
IS On County V 178 

UDBI Cusskrt 250 

1081a Dsraan 665 

185m Dares 15 

3*07900 Estates 6 Agency 140 

Ififita Egwton Trim 100 

195ra Estates Gen 106 

390m Estates PTOP 161 

38Dm Evans Of Leeds 117 

136m Five Oaks 63 

763m Frogmen) 21B g lerarae 53 

317. im Qr Porvand 209 

I85.ton Greycoat 250 

HaBwood Op €14* 

1645m Hantora Coutaywto 315 
i617re Hammereon *65 

5605m Do 'A* **0 

34.1m Hampton Tat 50* 
llJtoi Hanover Drace 223 

25.7m Harriangur 385 

86 £1 225 
135 29 285 
US 11 30D 
1.6 32 .. 
51 23 215 
152 *2 99 

558m limy 


1715m Latun Prop 
15915m Land Secut 

315m DO 6'r% 

665m Lon Shop Prop 

SZJkn Lyntan 
831,7m AtEPC 

26-toe McKay Secs 121 

175m Atortdwaiti 58 

27.4m Martvate Moore 230 

445ta Marfa Eat 595 

131 4a MoraitU0i £16 

38.0m UramtWew 760 

S35ta Muctoow (A&Q 103 

11.1m Munaptf £23 

718m NtarCtaindWi 88 

9123,000 PtoVdak) 87 

tOOtei Peecbey. 291 

3*2ra Priest Matans 230 

7Z2m Prop* Rev 266 

1399m Prep rtdgs 171 


12i .7m Regakan 
422m RhfiT^ 

868m Sea ua 
14.0m Stttrid Ge 

635m Speyhawk 
llOta Stand Bees 
2048m StocMiy 

51 6m Town Ceram 
soon TmHart Park 
10.4m UK Land 
839m Warner 
• 748m Waratort 

1786m Wares 
7.847.000 WSbb (Joel 
8745900 West S Court 

Coimvy 173 





20 650 



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28 289 


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50 206 


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10 59.4 




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09 110 




70 15.1 


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33 140 




44 156 




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20 354 




26 25.7 




10 446 


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10 304 




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02 552 




40 til 


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89 189 




1.7 292 




40 184 




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29 260 




63 150 




24 110 



32 392 




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i Assoc Br Porte 311 -2 88b 

1 Br Commonwetti 286 9-7 8Tb 

1 CjStadon ta 270 ta-1 74 

1 Fistwr (James) 60 -4 *8 

I Grafa 500 • 218 

1 Jacobs (JI) 67 +3 5.1b 

' Lyte 7's +1 . . * 

I Massy Docks 31 -4 

1 Oman Transport 235 -1 120 . 

i P 1 O DM 505 -1 . 264b 

I Runtxman (Water) in •.. 7.1 

1 Tlpnook 320 -10 55 

1 Tatitori Saw 375 . . 129 , 


431m FU 360 

186m Gamer Boom T72 
1.797.000 Haaoiam s*ns 44 
112m Lambert Howarth 200 
Z775DOO NevWxjkJ 6 Burton SB 
205ra Ptaero jgg 

19 Bra Strang & Fisher 133 
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5.0 <4 104 
40 38 217 

59 49119 

69 1* UO 
IS 45- 9.9 
1.4 1.0 1£1 

82 70 118 
8.7 65 1*9 
-- .. 17.7 

60 56 152 

15 50 180 
7.6 55 7.7 
36 12 ftl 
74 55 19 

30 52 60 

80 83 70 
5.7 2.6 100 
50 87 187 

180 38 81 


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China cultivates computer industry 

By Oht City Staff 
A realignment in the Euro- 

Frwn Stephen Leather 
Hong Kong 

China is setting up its own 
version of IBM. "file country's 
computer industry is being 
linked under an umbrella 

don. Six computer companies, 
a leasing company and a 
computer exhibition and 
advertising company are be- 
ing brought together. 

aspects of the computer in- 
dustry, including manufac- 
turing, research' and devel- 
opment, sales, service and 

Mr Wang Zhi, general man- He said- “Our aim Is to 

In a further bid to boost its 
the industry, China Is offering 
tax exemption for companies 
producing software, allowing 
those companies more free- 
dom to recruit foreign tech- 
nicians and giving them the 

lull iiM k< i'Bxr 

forecast for early next year by 
international Financial Out- 

Uoyik Bani^ pubIicatioD "y 
Although the EMS system 
has had a more settled appear- 
ance this month, the realign- 
ment may come in February 
after the west German general 
election, Lloyds believes. 

The Danish krone and Bel- 
gian and French franc have all 
been under pressure. 

A realignment would hold 
up West German interest, 
rates, Lloyds says, before an 
expected fall in 1987. 

A weak performance by the 
us economy in the first 
quarter of 1 987 is likely to lead 
to a further half point cm in 
the discount rate there. The 
poorer performance will fol- 
low 3 per cent growth in the 
fourth quarter this year, 
Lloyds expects. 

Tax reform measures 
eliminating certain deduc- 
tions and allowances at the 
end of the year may encourage 
firms and individuals to bring 
forward spending, which will 
account in part for the down- 
turn in performance. 

Later next year US interest 
rates will turn upwards as the 
dollar continues its slide to 
DM1.75 and Yen ISO by the 
end of September. 

In a separate article, the 
Lloyds publication points out 
that while the Q'ty of London 
plays an important role in 
international finance, the rel- 
ative size of its home base is 
shrinking as the British econ- 
omy slips down the world 
league table. 

Japanese equities are worth 
Vh times as much as British 
and those on American stock 
exchanges seven tunes as 
much, Mr Christopher John- 
son, chief economic adviser, 

He says the London domes- 
tic corporate bond market has 
practically dried np with only 
$11 billion outstanding as 
high interest rates have de- 
terred borrowers. In contrast, 
the American corporate bond 
market is worth $740 billion 
and the Japanese about half 

However, London leads the 
world in international bank 
loans, albeit with the Loudon 
Euromarket dominated by 
Japanese banks, and the Euro- 
bond market is expanding 

Britain to 
keep up 
on US tax 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

The Government is to main- 
tain pressure on the United 
States for the removal of the 
controversial system of mj- 
tary taxation practised hr 
certain states. 

The system, which taxes 
foreign companies Ofl the basis 
of their worldwide earnings, 
threatens British companies 
who have American 

Of the 12 states with unitary 
tax legislation in operation, 
most have taken steps to 
withdraw it. The latest was 
California, in September. 

However, the Treasury and 
Inland Revenue are not yet 
convinced that enoagh 
progress has been made. 

The Government will an- 
nounce this week that it is to 
retain the option of tit-fortat 
taxation of US companies 
operating in Britain. It had 
originally set a deadline of the 
end of this year for retaliatory 
action, under section 54 of the 
1985 Finance Act. 

As a result of moves in 
California and other stales, no 
retaliatory action will be taken 
against American companies 
for tire present But the fact 
that the Government is to 
persevere with section 54 pres- 
sure on US companies in- 
dicates that the battle is far 
from over. 

Leading British companies, 
through the Unitary Tax Cam- 
paign and the CBI, have 
fought against unitary 

Although there is some 
relief among such companies 
that this type of taxation is 
slowly being withdrawn, there 
is some dissatisfaction with 
the rfglnik- 

In particular, companies 
wishing to obtain exemption 
from unitary taxation in 
California will have to pay a 
substantial fee for electing to 
do so. 

The Unitary Tax Campaign 
has urged the Chancellor to 
retain die threat of section 54 

£125m spree 

The Prudential Corporation 
estimates it will have spent 
£125 million on buying estate 
agencies by tire mid of tire 
year. About 20 per cent will he 
Sr ii ft I in shares, with the rest in cash. 

Law Report December 1 5 1 986 

Undertaking not a 
promissory note 

Qaydon v Bradley 
Before Lord Justice Dillon, 
Lord Justice Stephen Brown and 
Lord Justice Neill 
[Judgment November 28] 

A document containing an 
undertaking by the signatory to 
repay a loan by a certain date 
was not a promissory note 
within the meaning of section 83 
of the Bills of Exchange Act 
1882. It was merely a receipt for 
money containing the terms on 
which the money was to be 

The Court of Appeal so staled 
allowing an appeal by the defen- 
dant, Mrs Pauline Bradley .from 
a derision of Mr Assistant 
Recorder Whiteman given in 
Bristol County Court on August 
19. 1 983 after the hearing of an 
action brought by the plaintiffs, 
Mr and Mis Terry Claydon. 

The assistant recorder had 

the defendant which stated “re- 
ceived from Mr and Mrs T. 
Claydon the sum of £10.000 as a 
loan to be paid back in full by 
July 1, 1 983 with an interest rate 
of 20 per cent per annum” was a 
promissory note. 

Section 83 of the 1882 Act 
provides: “(1) A promissory 
note is an unconditional prom- 
ise in writing made by one 
person to another signed by the 
maker, engaging to pay, on 
demand or at a fixed or 
determinable future time, a sum 
certain in money to, or to the 
order or, a specified person or to 

The defendant in person; Mr 
James Wigmore for the 

said that the only issue on the 
appeal was whether the docu- 
ment was a promissory note 
within the meaning of section 83 
of the 1882 Act. The plaintiffs 
accepted that if the document 
was not a promissory note then 
their daim failed. 

In Williamson v Rirfer([l963] 
1 QB 89) the Court of Appeal 
had to consider a document in 
the following terms “In consid- 
eration of the loan of £1 00 from 
. . . I . . . agree to repay to . . . 
the sum of £100 on or before 
December 31, 1956”. 

The majority of the court. 
Lord Justice Willnrer and Lord 
Justice Danckwerts, held that 
the document could not be a 
promissory note within the 
meaning of section 83 because 
the words “on or before Decem- 
ber 31. 1936” gave the payer an 
option to repay on any day of his 
choosing before December 31, 
1936, and so, in the view of the 
majority, there was no uncondi- 
tional promise to pay at a fixed 
future time as required by 
section 83. 

Lord Justice Ormerod dis- 
sented; he agreed that the words 
“on or before December 31, 

1 956” imported that if the payer 
chose, it being purely a matter 
for him, to pay at an earlier date 
than December 31. 1956 then 

the holder of the bill was under 
an obligation to accept that 
payment, but he nonetheless 
held that there was a fixed date 
for payment, namely December 
31. 1956 and that the promissor 
had bound himself to pay on 
that date and could be sued if be 

The decision of the majority 
in Williamson v Rider was 
rejected and the dissenting judg- 
ment of Lord Justice Ormerod 
was preferred by the Supreme 
Court of Canada in John Bur- 
rows Ltd v Subsurface Surveys 
Ud <(1968) 68 DLR (2d) 354) 
and by the High Court of Ireland 
in Creative Press Ud v Harman 

([1973] IR 313). 

In Byies on Bills of Exchange 
25ih edition (1983) pi 8, the 
editors submitted that the 
' dissenting view of Lord Justice 
Ormerod was to be preferred to 
that of the majority and that was 

((1962)25 MLR 593). 

In the present case the time 
for payment was bound to 
arrive; the money was payable 
on July i. 1983 if it had not been 
repaid, at the option of the 
payer, before. Nonetheless, their 
Lordships were bound by the 
decision of the majority in 
Wiliicunson v Rider and there- 
fore held that the document 
signed by the defendant was not 
a promissory note. 

In Akbar Khan »■ Attar Singk 
([ 1 936] 2 All ER 545), a decision 

of the Privy Council, it was held 
that a particular document was 
merely a deposit receipt, setting 
out the terms on which an 
advance had been made, and 
not a promissory note. 

The question there was one of 
stamp duty and involved 
consideration of the Indian 
Negotiable Instruments Act 
1881. By (hat Act a promissory 
note was defined as an in- 
strument in writing containing 
an unconditional undertaking 
signed by the maker to pay a 
certain sura of money only to, or 
to the order of, a certain person 
or to the borer of the in- 

In considering whether the 
document before them in Akbar 
Khan v Attar Singh was a 
promissory note, the Judicial 
Committee took the broad 
ground that that document was 
not, and could not have been 
intended to be brought within a 
definition relating to documents 
which were to be negotiable 
instruments; the document was 
merely a receipt for money 
containing the terms on which it 
was to be repaid. That approach 
was directly applicable, in his 
Lordship's judgment, to the 
present case. 

The document in the present ' 
case was no more than a receipt 
for money containing the terms 
on which the money was to be 
repaid. Il was not a promissory 
note within the meaning of the 
1882 Act. 

Solicitors: Goughs. 


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^Har^^nces in transportation include the joint development with Japan National 
Sr motor train with a potential speed of SOOkm/h, a smoother, 

tyieieriinear motor train, largeopacity thyristor and monorail car. 

Transportation is not merely moving 
goods and people efficiently 
from place to place. It must be done safely, 
comfortably and in a systemized way. 

As the world’s urban areas continue to bios- K] 
som, so does global interest in high volume 
railway systems that are reliable, safe and IS 
comfortable, and not threatening to the 

Hitachi’s scientists and engineers are mak- 
ing great strides toward systems that afford- 
ably meet all of these goals. We are now 
testing trains propelled by a newly develop- 
ed compact, powerful linear motor. This unit 
produces a smooth, quiet ride around tight 
curves and up steep inclines. It results in far 
less lurching and swaying and virtual elimi- 
nation of the screeching heard in conven- 
tional trains. Also, the small size of the linear 
motor train will permit, at great savings, the 
construction of subway tunnels with only 
half the cross-section of conventional 

Hitachi are producing key electronics 
devices such as large-capacity thyristors 
(greatly reducing energy needs) and large- 
scale integrated circuit chips for automatic 
train control and operation systems. We’re 
also developing hardware and software for 
an integrated computerized system that will 
manage everything from ticketing to train 
scheduling and movement And we’re build- 
ing uftra-lightweight trains, monorail 
cars, and bullet trains, 

We link technology to human needs We 
believe that Hitachi’s advanced technologies 
will result in systems that serve people’s 
needs in myriad ways — greater conve- 
nience and comfort; lower cost and environ- 
mental impact Our goal in transportation - 
and communications, energy and medicine 
as well - is to create and produce systems 
that will improve the quality of life the world 


Hitachi, Ltd. Tokyo, Japan 







Applications are invited for a Readership/ 
Senior Lectureship in Oral Microbiology in 

the Faculty of Dentistry, University of 
its sho 

Hong Kong. Applicants should lx dentally- 

qualified and eligible for registration to 
practise in Hong Koi 

rag, and have an estab- 
lished record of research in oral micro 

are on the 

Annual salaries (su 
scales: Reader HK$42,160 
£48,799), Senior Lecturer 
513,600 (6 points) (approx. £39,863-46,228) 
(Sterling equivalents as at 28 November 
1986). Starting salary will depend on qual- 
ifications and experience. At current rates, 
salaries tax will not exceed 17% of gross 
income. Housing at a rental of 716% of 
salary, children's education allowances, 
leave, and medical benefits are provided. 

Further particulars and application forms 
may be obtained from the Secretary Gen- 
eral, Association of Commonwealth Univ- 
ersities (Appts), 36 Gordon Square, London 
WC1H OPF, or from the Appointments 
Unit, Registry, University of Hong Kong, 
Hong Kong. Coses: 14 February 1987. 


Deputy Conference Officer 

Applications are invited from suitably 
qualified people for the post of Deputy 
Conference Officer avaiable from 1st March 

The duties include responsibility for co- 
ordinating the arrangements for residential 
and day conferences and for the deputising as 
required for the Conference Officer. • 

The work entails careful planning with 
organisers and dose liaison with university 
staff at all levels in order to provide a 
comprehensive conference service. 

Candidates should have organisational 

experience, preferably in a similar or related 

Salary within range IA of salary scales for 
administrative staff £7,055 - £12,780 

(currently under review) with USS. 

Six copies of applications naming three 
referees should be sent by Friday 9th January 
1987 to: 

Registrar's Department (Appointments) 
University of York, Heslington, York YOl 
5DD. Further particulars are available. 
Please quote reference 1/5044. 




Applications are invited for a Professorship and a 
Readership/Senior Lectureship in the School of 
Law, tenable from 1 October 1987, or as soon as 
possible thereafter. Applications will be welcome 
from candidates working in any field of law, in 
the United Kingdom or abroad, who are able to 
make a substantial contribution to the research 
and leaching programmes of the School Salary in 
the Professorial range (minimum £19,010 pa) or 
on the Readership/Sc nj or Lectureship scale 
£14,870 - £18,625 pa. (Salary scales currently 
under review). 

Applications (3 copies) to the Registrar, 
University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (0203 
523627) from whom further particulars may be 
obtained, quoting Ref. No: 20/ A/86 (please mark 
clearly on envelope). 

CZ osirng data for applications Is 28 February 1987. 

University of London: 

The London School of 
Ecomonics and Political Science 


Applications are invited for appointment from l 
October 1987 to two lectureships in Law. In the 
case of one of these posts particular regard may 
be given to applicants with an interest in 
company and commercial law. 

Appointment will be on the salary scale for 
lecturers of £8,020 to £15,700 a year plus £1.297 
a year London Allowance (under review). In 
assessing the starting salary, consideration will 
be given to qualifications, age and experience. 

Application forms are available, on receipt of a 
stamped, addressed envelope, from the Assistant 
Secretary, Room H 510, Hie London School of 
Economics, Houghton Street. London WC2A 

Closing date for applications: 30 January 1987. 


Lectureship in 
International Relations 

Applications are invited for a Lectureship in 
international Relations in the Department of 
Economics, for appointment from 1st October 1987. 
Candidates should have the abffity to teach 
International Relations theory. International Relations 
of the Middle East (some knowledge of the Arabic 

would be an advantage) and aspects of 

point on scale £8,020 to £15,700. 
not above £11,275. plus USS. 

Salary at 

Further particulars may be obtained from the Establish- 
ments Officer, The University, College Gate, St 
Andrews, Fife KYI 6 9AJ to whom apf&'eatfona (two 
cooies preferably ki typescript) with the names of three 
referees should be sent to arrive not later than 15th 
January 1967 






Applications are invited for the above post for a 
period of three years to strengthen the teac hin g 
in finest management and related economic 
aspects. The successful candidate will be 
expected to develop a teaching course and 
initiate a research programme in collaboration 
with other members of staff in the Departments 
of both Forestry and Agriculture. 

Candidates should be qualified in forestry or a 
related discipline and preferabley have some 
experience in forest economics or mathematical 
aspects of forest management.. 

Salary will be on the scale £8,020 - £15,700 per 
annum (under review) with placement at the 
lower end of the scale. 

Further particulars and application farms from 
The Personnel Section, The University, Recent 
Walk, Aberdeen, AB9 1FX, with whom 
applications (2 copies) should be lodged by 16 
January 1987. (Rdf WD/045). 


MRC/ESRC Social and Applied 
Psychology Unit 


A research position, tenable for 3 years, is 
available wi thin a cross-disciplinary team 
for a graduate in psychology, preferably 
with postgraduate training in occupational, 
cognitive or social psychology. 

The post is open from early 1987, but 
applications for a later start from final year 
doctoral students will also be welcome. 
Salary will be paid between £9,495 and 
£11,790 per year (under review). Further 
details from Mary Lou Hughes, 
MRC/ESRC SAPU, University of Sheffield, 
S10 2TN (0742-756600). Closing date 22 
January 1987. Please quote reference no. 

An equal opportunity employer 

University of 

Faculty of Economics 
and Politics 

Un iv e rsity assistant Lecturer to take up 
appointment on 1 October 1987 or possibly an 
earlier date by arrangement. The Appointments 
Committee intend' to m ake an appointment in 
the field of economic theory. 

The appointment will be for three years, with 
the possibilty of reappointment for two years. 
The limit of tenure of a University Assistant 
Lectureship is five years, but all University 
assistant Lectureres are considered for possible 
promotion to University Lecturer during the 
course of their tenure. 

Scale of stipends: £8,505 a year, rising by four 
annual increments to £10,375. 

Further information may be obtained from the 
Secretary of the Appointments committee for 
the Faculty of Economics and Politics, Sidgwick 
Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 9DD, to whom 
applications (ten copies), including a curriculum 
vitae and the names of not more than three 
referees, should be sent so as to reach him fay 23 
January 1987. No application forms are issued 



Our diem, a large, 
well-established training 
organisation in Saudi Arabia, 
requires for immediate employment 


to join one of the world's most sophisticated 
training programmes. Over 400 highly-qualified 
teachers (80 of whom are British) are currently 
contributing to the programme's success. 

Minimum qualification required is an 
appropriate degree, PGCE or TEFL diploma 
plus 4 years’ relevant teaching experience. 

Indefinite, open-ended contract. Initially, net 
pay is jQS£Q0 PA, variable merit increases 
thereafter, depend on actual performance. 
Superb work, living and recreational facilities. 

Si-nri mn ip l fg fV and w y l i if nf y w flB r jw »« 
before 20th December B86 to: Dept T/B904. 

Bw r l l ifiwu f li d i n ra rtniial I 

Suite 401, Quebec House 

9 Quebec Street, Leeds LSI 2HA 



Independent R.C Boarding School; 250 
pupils run by the Benedictine monks of 
Belmont Abbey. 

Applications are invited for the post of 

Applicants will require broad 
administrative experience with specific 
experience of financial management. 

Salary negotiable 

The successful applicant will be expected 
to take up the appointment hy 
April 1st 1987. 

Full job specification on application 
Applications with full c.v. 
quoting 3 referees to: 

The RT. Rev. the Abbot, 
Belmont Abbey, 

Hereford HR2 9RZ. 

Closing date: January 10th 1987 



(Remuneration Package Negotiable) 


The Professor will lead a specialist nwoelectonlcs fabrication 
within the Department of Electrical Engineering and electronics 
on existing staff and resources supplemented by research 
sought from external agencies. Candidates should have a 
record of research in one or more branches of mkroetectronica. 
Collaboration with Industry, Including consultancy work by the 
professor, will be encouraged. 

to be 


The Professor wifl recruit and heads group of at feast 6 academic staff 
with the remit to bufld up research in manufacturing s y stems and to 
support a new undergraduate degree course which wlfl reflect the 
increasing importance of electronics and computing in the 
manufacturing industry. This Manufacturing Systems Group will be 
dosety atigned with existing activities in Electronics and Physics and wQl 
also work closely with the new Institute of Computer-Aided Engineering 
and Management which has the support of industry and the Scottish 
Development Agency as weU as of the University. 




in the age range 24-35) and highly motivated 
management experience, this new post wB 

provide guaranteed oportunfties for consultancy, research, course 

merit will be central to the 

development and teaching. The appointment ’ 

University's intended development of an influential consultancy and 
academic unit under the direction of Professor FtM-W. Homer. 

For all 3 posts candidates should have sound industrial experience and 
appropriate academic qualifications. Attractive remuneration packages 
wilt be negotiable to recognise the experience and earnings power of 
the candidates we are seeking. 

Further Particulars of the posts may be obtained from the Personnel 

Dt 4HN to whom applications with 

Officer, The University, Dundee, D! 

C.V. (6 copies) and the names of 3 referees should be submitted, 
closing date 30th January 1987. 

Please quote appropriate reference number. 


Aysgarth School 
Bedale N.Yorkshire 

Simon Reynolds is retiring as Headmaster by 
the Summer term of 1988 and therefore 
applications are invited , for die post of 


Aysgarth is a boarding preparfory school for 140 
boys. _ 

Further details from B.Raper. Chairman of the 
Governors. Sea Moor Farm. Silsden. Keighley 

Applications should arrive before January 20th 




The Gowcrnon of Oahdene School invite app li c ati on ! for 
the position of Head, as from Sept em ber 1987. 
OaVriene is an Independent School for Girts aged 7 to 18 
yean and cmrentfyhas 180boazdenand 
240 day girts attending. 


i accommodation in the form of a de tac hed 
boose in the grounds. 

Farther pnrtfcrtara may be obtained from 
The Onfanu to the GbokB, 
Oakdcne School, 



to whom 

should be nude with. the names 
of three referees not later than 
31 b January 1987 



HMC Independent Boarding 
Requires tor April 1987 


for its thriving dep a rtment which 
will move into a new building to be 
opened in September 1987. 

Full details from: Peter Hobson MA, 
Headmaster, Giggleswick School, Settle, N. 
Yorkshire, BD24 ODE. 

Teh 07292 3545 






for 2 Junior Research FeUow- 
ora in Arts, and one in 
(sxcfajdng mafeanej. 
Tenable tor 3 yean, from 1st 
October 1887 . The Feflo wsfaps 
are open to yradurtes of any 
time of wpoUraent who are of 
Post-Doctoral or equratonl 
standing and who are already 
engaged to independent 

TNs stipend wffl be apprcod- 
mately EB2D0 pa plus free 
a cc o mmo da tion or a housing 
aHowans to Hsu. 

Father details and a ppB ratf on 
tarns naof be obtained from: 
Tlw Dotage Seootary, Hertford 

tor appfications b 6th 



31 AUGUST 1937;FsRSem.} U.JAN la33.SpnncScmJ 

31 . AUGUST 133? if*!! Sem.1 1 1. JAN- 19So :Sp«no Serr 

JUNE , AUGUST 1 987 



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Next course with pieces remaining February 1987.' 
Thereafter start dates June and October. 

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The Callage ktareh to appoint wtt effect from 1 October 1887. a 
Coflage Lecturer to tareb French Utonoire and Lmaage tar both pets 
of toe Modem and Medlatval LangugH Tripos. TliauSiBrwfli afro be 
elected to a Fetowttp and nto be expeoed to tie Director ot S&rtes In 
Motam Languagos if so required. 

The aM O to tn wm art be for 3 wars In toe lbs instance. 

The relay wn be Banvatant to that « a Unwersrty Assistant Lacmrer. 
- “ 'lamed from die Senior TuWb S«eiwar». St 

Funner Pshcutarx may beoHamed hum die Ssntor Tutors Seemare. St 
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made no bur nwi 14 Fe&nouiy 1967. 



Applications are invited for this appointment 
tenable fix' 3-5 years and limited by trust to 
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the ages of 23 and 29 on 30 June next. Stipend 
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9t0iet*ente eoJ 
Starting 12th January 1987 

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Details from the .Secretary to the -Modem 
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applications (six copies but one from those 
abroad) up to 26 January 1987 


1 tnnai KHOOLT On- MBW» 

I Hng is tree md OMrettve. Come 

1 and ret u* - Timiwa & 
I KM01OW. 7fi NoWDfl wn G«M. 



Why not be your own Boes - 
Education centre for Sale Teaching 
Bngimh - 360 Pupils - Good Income but can be 
developed as premises are only used Saturday and 

£55,000 Leasehold 

SAFEWAY 552-0736. 


ELF Aquitaine Research 
Fellowship in 
Fossil Energy Exploitation 

Applications are Invited lor the above 
Fellowship, tenable In Durham for one or two 
years by either a younger postdoctoral fellow, or 
a senior research worker from another 
University in the ILK or abroad on leave of 


for a 
- £9 

fellow in the 

pa with superannuation, 
or for a senior research worker, up to the 
equivalent sum to supplement other funding. 

Further particulars and appfleation forms from 
the Registrar, Science Laboratories, South 
Road, Durham 3H1-3LE to whom application 
should be sent by 31 January 1987 

■nw Master 
Warminster School 
Warminster, Wats. 
BA12 8PJ 






(Eaminatons 20th/ 
zist February 198/) 

Awards of up to Haif Fees 


- f « ! rs 

' .1 

trtO* •" 




"ji^ m m 



' S-B, 

’ I*** 




$ :! s-:. 

" -- *-•*- 

? -T- 


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Masters Webb’s de 

mediocre » f Englis 
morass dnves on i 



Webb’s demonstration 
of English solidity 
drives on South-West 


I 4: 

By Pteter Dixon 
Worth — 22 

Midlands.. 15 

Ignore the scoreline, it flatten 
to deceive. For in almost every 
aroect this is one game which 
wiiJ oot trouble the memory 
bank. 3 

• \ 


* j 
s s • lM 


P J. 1 — 

With the two sides mustering 
13 mternatioaals between 
them ,™ all of them with plenty 
to prove and a great deal to play 

for -the match at Gosfortbi 
County Ground was pitifully 
Jon on quality. Far from 
highlighting the skills of some of 
England’s leading players h 
served only to draw attention to 
a number of their deficiencies. 

In terms of the Thorn-EMI 
divisional championship, a vic- 
tory for the North n 
London at Sudbury next week 
will secure them the trophy. 
Therefore, if they succeed, their 
job will have been well done. 
But for the England selectors, 
dependent on these matches as a 
way of assessing form for the 
internationals ahead and, more 
importantly, the World Cup, 
there has been little to suggest a 
sudden change in fortune is 
around the comer. 

Most disappointing from 
England's point of view was the 
distinct lack of imagination in 
the backs. The North came into 
the match with a reputation for 
playing open, running rugby. 
With a line including Andrew, 
Simms, Underwood and Ham- 
son, internationals all, that is 
only to be expected. 

Yet although Harrison 
opened the proceedings by run- 
ning the ball back from deep 
inside his own half in the first 
few minutes, the threequaners 
on both sides became bogged 
down iu a morass of mediocrity. 
Crab-tike runs — 10 paces 
across the field for every two 
forward — were the order of the 

Many of the problems 
stemmed from the churning, 
one- paced play in the forwards. 
Neither side seemed able to 
provide crisp, sharp ball from 
the scrum or lineouts and only 
Richards, the Midlands and 
Leicester No. 8, can be said to 
have enhanced his reputation 
and inked himself into the 
England team. By contrast. 
Winterbottom was a shadow of 
hi$ former self, conspicuous by 
his anonymity. 

As is so often the case, the 
game was dominated by the 
kickers. On that front Andrew 
proved once again how valuable 
bis boot is to any team as he 
landed five penalties and a 
dropped goaL Hodgkin son was 
in equally fine form for the 
Midlands, his four penalties 
bringing the half-time- score 
levefat 12-12. 

Five minutes into the second 
half Midlands went ahead for 
the first time in foe match. Wells 
rolling off a maul touched down 
in the right-hand comer, 
Hodgkinson missed the conver- 
sion. But two more penalties 
and a try by Simpson, standing 
off a maul near the Midlands 
line, in injury time provided the 
hosts with a victory they just 
about deserved. It was not a 
good day for the selectors. 

SCORERS: North; Dy: Simpson. PBn- 
atttoK Andrew (5V Dropped goat: Ancffww. 
Midlands: Try: Wens. Panama*: 
Hodgkinson (4). 

NORTH: G Jantrion (Sate) (rep: J Stabler, 

By David Hands 
Kngby Correspondent 


London 0 

cxlf 0 ^ extenl the Thom- 
tMl divisional championship 
matches sway the minds of the 
national selectors will not be 
mown until after the final 
championship round, next 
weekend. But it will be 
surprising, in view of the 
uncertainty which has sur- 
rounded the position, if the 
name of Jon Webb does not 
come up for discussion at fid! 

On Bath's muddy Rec- 
reation Ground on Saturday 
Webb brought worthy English 
solidity, plus a helping of 
foreign finesse to a South- 
West side who could not get 
their backs working to any 
good effect for an hour and 
therefore, not surprisingly, ro- 
bed upon their forwards to 
squeeze London into the 
sticky playing surface by two 
tries and a penalty goal to nil 

It was forward, too, that 
some telling contests were 
played out and ended, conclu- 
sively, in favour- of the Bath 
forwards where David Eger- 
ton and Richard Lee ad- 
vanced their individual causes 
substantially. The South- 
West, one suspects, were fed 
up with hearing how good tbe 
London tight forwards were; 
they made their point by 
nullifying Probyn's destruc- 
tive scrummaging and by 
ramming the London pack 
back over their own line for 
the first try London have 
conceded since the divisional 

?- a m 

championship was revived 
last season. 

They also took the better 
lineout balk Rose fought a 
valiant battle but the South- 
West's decision to group nil 
their tall men together, or to 
use Morrison at the short 
lineouts, was entirely effective 
and reduced Coldough to 

The result of such superior- 
ity was enhanced by. the 
performance of Egertoivthe 
No. 8 who, if he has had tojmt 
up with dire back problems 
ibis year, at least comes fresh 
to the fray now. He excelled in 
lineout and loose, with a 
willing ally in Gadd, which left 
Robinson free to roam at 
large, forcing Richmond’s 
Smith into the kind of day be 
would rather forget. 

The play of neither stand- 
off half was very memorable 
and poor Smith put most of 
his season's mistakes into one 
match; he is a much better 
player than he showed on 
Saturday and I hope be will 
indicate as much next week- 
end, but he needed to do well 
at Bath if he was to main tain a 
credible challenge. 

Tf only’, the London players 
may have said to themselves 
as they retreated east Jf only 
any one offour missed penalty 
attempts had gone over (two 
from Smith, two from Strin- 
ger), particularly when they 
finally reached the South- 
West 22 after spending the 
first 25 minutes of the gama ' 
entirely in their own half If- 
only Salmon's delightful sec- 
ond-half break could have 
been finished off when the 
score still stood at the half- 

time margin of 7-0. If only 
they had not twice been woken 
up by the fire alarm in their 
Bristol hotel overnight . . 

Egenon scored the first try 
after Martin had chipped 
ahead and Lozowski had been 
forced to concede the five- 
metre scrum. Webb kicked a 
penally on the stroke of half- 
time and it was the full back 
who made ground when no 
other South-West back 
seemed able to. Perhaps his 
example inspired Hamlin and 
Knibbs, who spent the first 
hour dwelling too kmg on tbe 
ball or losing possession. 

At all events Swift, for 
whom the ball did not run, 
acted as scrum half in the 
closing minutes for Knibbs to 
ease through the middle and 
release Webb. His long legs 
and subtle dummy deceived 
tbe remainder of the defence 
before Martin was rficpgtrh^ 
to the line. 

There was still time for 
HaUiday, who suffered a 
badly-bruised thigh early in 
the game but stayed on until 
the result was not in doubt, to 
leave and Buzza, his replace- 
ment, to bring off a startlingly 
effective tackle on Salmon, 
leaving London pride some- 
what tattered. 

SCORERS: SttdtHMnt Tries: Egerton, 
Mart*. taoattr.Webb. 

SOUTH-WEST (Bam unless stated): J 
Webb (Bristol): A Swtfl, S HMSday (rap: A 
tea. Looahboroutfi Students), R 
Knttbt (Bristol)- CMartin; U Homan 



\ — e*'--, 



(Gloucester R KB (captain); G CfcBcoH, O 
Dam. R U«. J Gadd (Gloucester), J 
Morrison, N Rednvn, A Robinson. D 

LONDON (Wasps unlees stated): N 
Sbingar U Bafloy. J Salmon (Hcrtequinsl, 
R Lbamrid, S T Smith; S MSmtth 
(Richmond). S Bates: P Renta ft- A 
Sfauoona, J Proton, K Moss, C Ptanogar 

&urS (S * an988) ’ “ 

•<* *"i <* TT 

Arch rivals; tbe impressive Egertoo (left) manages to complete bis pass as Pinnegar and 
Rigby advance for beleagnered London (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

Richmond profit Evans quells Yale upstarts 

By Gerald Davies 

By Nicholas Keith ~ Barnett, the hooker, who fell on 

, a loose baB at a lineout. and a 

Rirhmand 19 penalty by Graves brought Park 

in lo wiu, “ p 0 ** of lheir 

Hosslyn Park .. .10 hosts- But they could not score 

1 again- 

Byendi^alosingrunoflbree Richmond defended stoutly 
maiches Richmond unproved atIW otap penalties and Jennyn 

Ebbw Vale 


Llanelli . 


~ Haffi«aT i(Wato^M. verted both tries, while Graves 

; R Andrew (Wasps). D Holms Richmond led 12-3 at the 
M WMtconb* (Bedford), M mtervaL 

loo). N ^Slulmn Then in the second half 

Ri chmon d hardly entered the 
p whitefboaom (Hsacftigiey). visitors' half and, although they 
did better in the lineouts. there 
were fewer scrums' for them to 
IUnnivrhim y s nfl(C8 ^ enjoy. However, the usuahy 

2Tb jaunty J«m.,n 
(Northampton), N III Hill (NoBtogham, possessiWT into the cool, diy air 
captaci). J Ocwin (Bedford), J weto without much thought of giving 
ft^cMtw^Draehord* (Ldeestw). G a go w his two speedy wings, 
Rea (Notonoham). offiah and Care. A try by 

Rea (Not: 
Referee: L 

Byend^alostngrunoftbree Richmond defended stoutly 
maiches Richmond improved atI woiap penalties and Jennyn 
their position m third place of missedT Sopped goaL But it 
the John Smith s Ment table B. must be said that the 31 senior 
Yet. tbe tenor and tactics of this pIayere showed less sense ofbow 

to mount and sustain a move 
and Rosslyn Park could have ^ ^ schoolboys in my teo- 
avoided their third successive year-old son’s team, 
defeat by Richmond. . scorers: a w— u± Tm* Hampai. 

The players were reduced to a Kai w ntf ia m. cbowMoimc BrtnMey g)- 
mediocre muddle, portly by the ' ^ Bamae. PwwMe* 

state of the Athletic Ground, ncHMoni: a Hampat s Pwnxk j 
where the middle was as heavy homotvm Dram. S Aa*rr; S BrinWav (rw 
and. treacherous as the seas off J? £°™ a - 5 

Western Austrato. Even so, the . Cooqer, P' 

midfield backs saw a reasonable r^Ynpark71w«k m Offiah, n 
amount of possession, but made Anriaiwn Mptaiw.CCamMJwnjrn. 


The lack of pattern was RefaraKTritharidga (London), 
underlined by ait extraordinary _ «, « 

Barnes fit for 

first half, especially in the front CAlltll_Wocf 
row, where they welcomed back iJUUUi Tv CBl 
Mills after his infamous eye Stuart Barnes will return to' 
injury against Swansea; whereas the South-West team who' play 
Park were still without their the Midlands at Leicester in the 
captain. Henderson. K enning - fi nal round of the divisional 
ham scored an early try from championship next weekend 
close in, and Hara pel finisbed a (David Hands writes). Barnes, 
fine move down the right in the who pulled- out of Saturday’s 
40th minute; Bnnkley con- game at Bath after a fitness test 
both tries, while Graves on his bruised hip, regains hH 
a penalty for Park. So place from Mike Hamlin while 
ond led 1 2-3 at the tbe Midlands bring in Lee 
iL Johnson (Coventry) at loose- 

i in the second half bead prop Instead of Stuart 
nnri harrflv entered the Redfem. 

ram), m 

win (Moseley}. L 
Moan (Not tin g ha m); S 

Like their grandstand and 
clubhouse, the Ebbw Vale team 
are in the process of redevelop- 
ment. The stand will be ready by 
March, the clubhouse some 
time later, but the team itself 
may need a little longer to 
resurrect the dub’s former glo- 
ries. It is a young.side and the 
squad which Phil Gardner, their 
former flanker and current coa- 
ch, has mustered for tbe season, 
is littered with players in the 
Welsh junior squads. 

Provided he can persuade 
tfieni not to-be enticed by the' 
flashier dubs on the coast — 
always a bant thing far a Gwent 
Valley dub to do — then he has 
foe makings ofa good team ina 
year or two’s time. 

It was foe greater experience 
of Llanelli and the lack of a final 
telling thrust from the home 
side which allowed foe visitors 
to achieve their victory by a 
goal, a try. a penalty and a 
dropped goal to two tries and a 

Sale find 
gem in 

By Michael Stevenson 

Of course, as part of an 
emerging pattern, leuan Evans 
insisted on adding a few quick 
and decisive brush strokes to 
confirm his devastating form. 
He scored both his team's tries. 

Yet. it is not often that 
Llanelli has to retreat so much 
nor remain for so long in de- 
fence. If territorial superiority 
was what mattered, Ebbw Vale 
would have won at a canter. 
Fryer and SpiUer dominated the 
lineout, Easley and Williams 
hounded Llanelli- in foe loose, 
and Laurence, at stand-off, foe 
elder statesman of foe team, 
who played in this equivalent 
match 11 years ago, was wily 
enough to know when to make 
foe opposition turn. . 

Each of foe others in the back 
division had his moment, too. 
but could not quite force the 
score to chck over as Llanelli's 
defence, severely tested, held 

Many a dufl moment was 
interspersed with excitement, 
but it was noticeably free of any 
unsightly incident apart, that is, 
from Fryer slipping, going bead 
over heels, as he took his 
penalty. Somehow, the ha|l 
made it over foe bar. 

. That was foe final kick of the 
first half after Brian Thomas’s 
try had given Ebbw Vale their 
first points. Llanelli managed 
theirs from a try by Evans after &. 
kick to foe comer by Gravelle 
and a Childs' penalty. Evans’s 
second try came after the inter- 
val with an exciting exchange of 
passes with Gravelle in a move- 
ment which stretched over 50 m 
and foe full back converted. 

The home side kept in touch 
with a try by Ian Williams 
running in support after Easley 
had charged and picked up an 
attempted clearance lack by. 
Hopkins. McAvoy extended foe 
lead with a dropped goal which, 
despite all foe heavy pressure, 
Llanelli kept to foe end. 

6CORB1& Ebbar VateTHo: BlhoffBS. t. 
WilUama. Pena tty: O Ryer. 

Uandc Tries: | Bans (ZL O b»w — law M 
Gravote. Penalty: B CAHs. Diepped 
goat J McAvoy. 

EBBW VALE: M Oavias; B Thomas, M 
Jones. H Wl*ams, A GrttfSfts; G Laurence, 
C Jonathan: S Wharton, I Watkins. T 
Needs. R Stephens, D Fryer. M SpUter, I 

WWams. P Easley. 

LLAMELLfc M Gravels: P Kopkiis. J 
McEvoy, S Oavias. I Evans: B Quids. J 
Griffiths (rep. S GrovtUei: K Townley. D 
Fax. L Delaney. A CWtths. P May. □ 
Crane. M Perago. J WWams. 

Referee: R Ysman (Port Talbot). 

Basic belief wins 

By Gordon Allan 

Coventry ........ 

began to show signs of life, with 
Thomas and Suckling plunging 
around in foe loose and 
Saunders needing two or three 

Uverpool/St* Heiens 6 to Wng him down on foe 

Simon Hafliday, the Bath 
centre, who suffered a dead leg; 




— 19 

Waterloo, despite the hiccup 

Jamie Salmon, the Harlequins 0 fa loss to Vale of Lune earlier, 
cenbie, also suffered heavy are intent on proving that they 
bruising to a leg but London ^ currently the North’s pre- 
anticipale no change? for their micT chib. Victory at Brook- 
game against foe North at foe lands by two goals, a try and a 
Wasps ground. dropped goal to a goaf and two 



North 22 Wdtonds 16 

South Wot 11 London 0 

P W D L F A Pte 

North 2 2 0 D 38 28 4 

South-West 2 1 0 1 22 16 2 

London 2 1 0 1 13 20 2 

Midlands 2 0 0 2 25 35 0 

Coventry 3 Lpeol St 6 

North Midland* 7 ednburah 
South 34 Aogto-Scot* 


13: Btaydon 13. 

Stanford ft BfactowH 36. Qttsdsy 1ft 
Brentwood 11, London Hoop. 1ft 
Buckingham 31. Bfctchley ft Birgess « 
4. Effingham 4; Cem&tdge City 15. 
Chelmsford 25; CAV 0. Oumtn 17; 
Chartton Park 9, Surrey Poica 3: Chahng- 
tart 25. Cambridge 16; ChMhunt 30. 



Harleq u ins 


L e ice s ter 



Lon Scot 

15 Bristol 16 

12 London SeotBeK 10 

T ? fc 16 1 A oT| 

\ § ri 

2 1 1 46 22 6250 

2 0 2 48 37 50 

2 0 2 57 58 50 

2 0 2 38 88 SO 

3 1 3 56 110 42J5 

2 0 3 63 50 40 

1 0 3 36 56 25 

1 0 5 64 113 J BJ? 

n n 2 9 10 0 


12 Rosslyn Park 







Rosslyn Pk 


fe s F , J, ’78S 

0 164 68 100 
2 120 137 71.42 

2 67 46 67 

2 6 1 43 50 

2 37 66 50 

Lon Irish 

5 2 Q 2 37 66 

4 1 0 3 39 8 
2 0 0 2 IB 34 
2 o 0 2 21 40 

5 0 0 5 3h ?1 


as % js- 


S*Swdf»4S Bw 

Ebbw Vito 11 U*£ 
FykJe 22 Hawicfc 

Qamnrgan W 21 Pwy» 
Harrooun 16 Goaforffi 
Kendal 3 •***»«* 

Leicaatnr 17 
London Wobh 25 CaidWI 
Hwaton IB 

Hm c h a stof 


Preston G 



13 Vale of Lune J* 

22 Bridgend « 

tl Swansea jz 

9 Me! Potato f® 
18 Owe* . 

Jlisa i 

31 Straa*nm- Cdn | 
12 Watedoe 

59 USPorta««2 a 

23 MMdtetfQUgb J 

WntHanlqwM 52 Bmangheffl 

tnetorttnsft Fleetwood i^Mrtrwkfc 10: 
Furness 35. Bolton 4; Heaton Moor 0. 
Davenport 37: Huhen^ans 4 Beverley 1ft 
KsigMey 1ft Huddersfield 17; Manchester 
YMCaO, fflossop 1ft MOM 1ft FMMn 25; 
Newark 3 Ihorramtans 4; O Bates ft 
Bowdon 9: OWham ft Catty 4; Cftley 15, 

~ — * — 28. Marpie ft Widnes 21. 

ptonO; winwlow 0, HaBtax 11. 


7, Rochdale 1ft Sandbech 13.'l*^ataB 
0. West: Third dhjaloo: O Joc hteffte ns 
12. 0 Ansinans 9. Eas t : Hrat #hlo* 
Tvtdnstty 10, Macctasfiatt 10. 
yS»S»I 6 SHIELD: FW rwwftOon- 

carter 21. ShWBeld Ttgws ft Drd Wdlft 

Mooruwn 10: Goote S. Bradfort Mam 
4: Miner 13. Scartwroog h, ift W Mj ft 

12, c " r “ n %S55S',i 

FairrioumiCluh mat ch ea: Ptymoidh 13. 
^.Sh WalM Police 7; Exeter 7, Stoȣ 
hrtflfla 7; imm eastnn 3 . Gk X ttWlM ' 1ft 


LEAflUE: O Edwardians 45. Hanmcn eno 
Dovanxxxl 3: Eton Manor 34. Ro tJitad ft 
Sudbury 1ft Barttmg ft Ttulrrock 7. Norm 

g, Tononians & PBtarsfield 34. 

ffiSoVn T lS,f mTT * a£: 

o Becctfiamians 13; 
SSook S, SfttoflbwrnB 21: m 
31 O BhOoWIhlUiSM 3. O 
Qravesenfl.oneift Orpington 18: 

^^^^SSTmidiilesex NEWT 
Cwwrt ift umridge ft Riasto* 

“ulSSwiE MERIT. TABLE: Oxford 


3. o HaHe yburfareft^ 

. q i5jewbrhans ft Rchmo™ 

fSTi* SOUTH EAST; Cfclb 
Q n pr c 6: Hagiwwote 28, Btitop* 

WnSSne raTS av e c end ft Asheana 4ft a tremendous prospect. He rifles 
Mm rSainS Ws Passey is ^e enviable pos- 
HftSlte toSSftHSMft Bank senof of a formidable work-rate 
at England ift Haywante haft ft and ts strong for his size and 

dropped goal to a goal and two 
penalties, confirmed this view. 

Both sides were without, give 
or take the vagaries of selection, 
seven regulars, so foe contest 
was a test of reserve strength, 
which Waterloo passed con- 
fidently; Cooley, the wing, Haw- 
kins. hooker and Reea. lock 
forward, all did well, though tbe 
best performance from a pro- 
moted player was for Sale. 

Campbell, their scrum half is. 
a tremendous prospect. He rifles 
his passes, is foe enviable pos- 
sessor of a formidable work-rate 

Puttxxough 6; Holey 6. Ealing 30; Hkft quick of thought,' band and foot. 
S5^4"tod^daw ! S 9 RJI ^^b^cte^amaij .as 

tort and Gttaa Park 15: htewfch 14. 
Bedford Wanderam * Ktofis CcBego 
Hasp ft HAC 24: UWtoworrh ft Heodon 
32; Unton 0, Greenwich 20: Ucwds Bank 
ft O Brocttwans 34: LFB 0. Batterea 
honsidas 38: London Nor Zealand ft 
Southend 2ft Marten 13. Brighton ft 
Norti Dorset 17. Baih Spartans 23; O 
Assyrians 7. O Dunstontens ft O 
AshmteRS 17. VBUdiBtl ft Ott Blues ft 

foe racing fraternity would say, 
for your notebook. 

The diabolical conditions of 
mud and driven rain dearly 
dictated the pattern of play. 
Aitcbison, the Waterloo stand- 
off half and a hugely improved 
player, hoisted high a good deal. 

Before their amalgamation 
with St Helens, Liverpool had 
never beaten Coventry. At 
Coundon Road on Saturday, in 
a match of mud and muddle, 
foud and blunder, they suc- 
ceeded for foe first time by two 
penalty goals to one. 

“Fancy losing to that lot,” was 
one Coventry reaction, implying 
that Liverpool/St Helens were 
an inferior team. It would be 
fairer w say that both teams 
were inferior on the day but that 
Liverpool were marginally less 
inferior than Coventry. Even in 
the prevailing confusion it was 
possible to discern why. 

They defended well, their 
forwards worked hard and — 
most important — they believed 
in keeping foe ball alive. Early 
on for example Faint hit a post 
with a penalty attempt and 
Simms promptly ran the ball 
back at Coventry, when foe 
received wisdom of rugby dic- 
tated foal he should kick for 

It was not an isolated in-* 
stance. Liverpool continued try- 
ing to play that way, although 
their chances dwindled in the 
second half, when Coventry 

right wmg. 

Hall, ihe Coventry left wing, 
having just returned to foe first 
team after an ankle injury, went 
off with a damaged thigh. Fain, 
kicked Coventry’s penalty for a 
head-high tackle on Thomas, 
and Simms levelled the scores 
almost at once when foe Cov- 
entry backs strayed offside in 
front of their posts. 

Another offside offence by 
Coventry, fois lime at a scrum 
near their line, allowed Simms 
to kick his second penalty soon 
after foe interval. Between them 
both sides missed six penalties. 
Coventry are in foe lower 
reaches of the John Smith’s 
Merit Table A and Liverpool in 
foe upper reaches of table B. 
Liverpool may therefore con- 
sider that this victory proves 

SCORERS: Oaventty: Penattjr Palm. 
LnorpootySt Hel en a: PenatttoK Simms 

O&VENTRT: M Faim; E Saunders, J 
MlnsnuU, K Jerws. S Han (rep C 
Langstcne); C MUerctep, D Ctofc; T 
Reran, S FreemantJe. S VWkas, P 
Thomas. A GuRver. B tGdner. P SucMing, 
R Travers. 

Gtboons. N Strums. S WeOens. D Tanner: 
K WHHama. G Jones: G Chutib. K Rabtett. 
C mig, T Monts. M Hate, T Swam (rap W 
HuB). j Hescott. J Ingram. 

Retame: J A F Trigg (London). 

A virtuoso 
by Laidlaw 

By lan McLanchlan 

The South of Scotland moved 
quietly up a gear to comprehen- 
sively beat foe Anglo Scots 34-3 
on a heavy Mansfield Park pitch 
at Hawick on Saturday. 

Apart from an early flurry 
when Irvine put them ahead 
with a penalty foe Anglos had to 
play second fiddle in all depart- 
ments. Laidlaw. foe inter- 
national scrum half celebrated 
his record 67fo appearance for 
foe Borderers by putting on a 
virtuoso performance to which 
the visitors had no answer. 

The Anglos were unlucky to 
lose their tall lock Gray with a 
shoulder injury after only 12 
minutes. Had he stayed foe 
score might have been affected 
but not foe result. The South 
forwards have tightened up their 
scrummage and with Tomes 
and Paxton dominating the 
lineout the South backs were 
given ample opportunity to 
show their skills and this they 
did with a will. Only some 
desperate defence kept foe home 
side out as Laidlaw probed dose | 
to his forwards or Murray 
orchestrated in the centre while 
both wingers, Tait and Tukalo, 
needed no second bidding to run 
at foe opposition. 

South scored six tries through 
Jeffrey. Dods. Tait Robertson 
and lain Paxton (two). Dods 
also kicked two penalties and 
two conversions. 

In the other game in foe 
McEwan’s Inter-District cham- 
pionship, North and Midlands 
put up a tremendous fight but 
lost to Edinburgh 16-7. North 
and Midlands took foe lead 
through a try by Cross and 
though foe dty side hit back 
they could only manage a 
Hastings penalty before half- 
time. In the second half 
Macartney and Hastings ex- 
changed penalties before foe 
superior fitness of foe 'Edin- 
burgh side told and Millar and 
Odder scored tries, foe latter 
converted by Hastings. 

arms to 


I Cut out 
t fouls, 

I Lloyd 

i insists 

By Nicholas Harling 

With recent events very much 
• in mind, Dan Lloyd, the Ports- 
mouth coach, could hardly do' 
otherwise than make stringent 
efforts to ensure that all his 
players stay on court tonight 
S-. throughout foe club’s first 
Prudential national cup final 
Mf ' against Polycell Kingston at the 
jiL-: Albert Hall. 

Sg jL Four Portsmouth players 
were fouled out by foe end cf 
■J-jjm their Carisberg national league 
& TM defeat by Kingston earlier this 
season and it was after Sai- 
urday's disgrace in which the 
■’’f” football club to whom they are 
affiliated, had three players sent 
' off at Sheffield United that 
■i fc Lloyd said: “There’s no doubt it 
will be a very intense game. It's 
important that we handle our- 
. jag selves properly and do not carry 
■JjP things one step too far. That way 
|SK| we end up hurting ourselves 
rtg a instead of helping ourselves.” 
IgSgh Lloyd's other concern is foe 
fitness of Colin Irish, without 
whose natural aggression, Ports- 
mouth would find it hard to 
cope with the verocity of 
Kingston's power in a match 

I that promises to be one of foe 
most even cup finals. 

No sooner had Irish recov- 
ered from a muscle strain than 
he bruised his left knee during 
Saturday's 107-101 victory over 
Hemel/Watfoid Royals. .An ice 
pack helped to bring down the 
swelling yesterday as Lloyd said 
of the England international: 
“Colin plays a very big role. 
He's a big scorer, very aggressive 
and dominant He is so valuable 
that if he's not playing. I'm sure 
h ' ' Kingston will fed a lot easier. 
e.\ -< “J have a feeling though that 
*»jy on the night he won't feel iL The 
Albert Hall can work healing 
■nil wonders." 

Kevin Cache, foe Kingston 
coach, and several players were 
among the crowd. The cup 
holders have no injury doubts 
Lf but, despite foeir 12 successive 
league wins, face a mighty task 
against a team that Cadle con- 
cedes is: “Playing a little bit 
better than us at foe moment” 

o Ratoatians 10; 0 iCatwflBteaa o. and brought his side level 

through a neat chip which was 
taken on foe bounceby Whitts 
juddtans 5a Ertto Q: o Meadomans ft head and Cooley scored near the 

2 right comer flag before he 
Rutfehtons ft O Pauftas 11. O *7..^,^, 

Jones adds finishing 
flourish for Moseley 

converted mftje 
braie with a w. 

w * n * lB, * o ntoraftO'rafinta|w11.pori 
IftOTottorianslftOAbhetstoniansis oraie wild a v 
O Vwutanians 1ft La Ugtotow Buz za rd 3: 0 dropped goal. 

U i| sw pwa^ 2 i! Eariier.a gorgeous jinking run 
j&m^Sf^PLA ift Mutton ia by StansfiekL who was superbly 
Portsmouth ia Worthing 7: Famham 7. 0 tackled by Jenkins, set up Sale’s 
W andsw orthians 13: first score. Maul followed set 

Oarttordons 4; Hoyston 1 Harpentai 25; anmi and 3 pffif v . fcr or 
Saffron Wafctan io. Stockwoort Park 19: dropped goal seemed likely. But 
St Attain *ft EnflaM A5t Att aml l 18. Campbell stole away unopposed 
awg&SSSl o&SKEte 2 ? and Gee convened, his penally 
ex I 3. Snowdown cw io: 1 2 minutes bter opening a mne- 
Soutnampton 32. Rushmoor ftj ^5®* f point lead. 

3tasttx»n» 1ft Titans 4. Lems Is tnes followed rolling mauls — 
Twctcanham 3a. o windoriansft vigo o. Jenkins breaking foriUingly for 

GaUagher to score and another 
Houralfft^toyn 21 . Hemal Hampstaad telling maul that travelled 20 
3: Winc hester^ , Rwtfng 39. Woodford yards ended in a try by Taylor. 
2 A WBEtomta Park o. In foe conditions, the handling 

' of both sides was wholly 


r Ulan SCORERS: Sal* Try:- Campbell. 

Cowwrto* Jea. Penrti ex Gee 
.... Waterloo: Try: Cocfey. G^^wr, Tayter. 
r league club Maid- COnrateiea; AJtchison ( 2 ). Dropped geak 

ited have decided sm^rjuiC oumaa. pstanstMtt, □ 

IT third round FA Poore, H Bmjamtn: G Rafferty. C 

) should be a draw Gafftsy. M Kenrok. 
would an all- WATHUJX>. j Tekta; P Coatty, p jsn- 
wotua oe an au ^ j WHthead, s ChrS^ereon: 1 
ch. wuh a crowd AikiraoaOCBribotCOrawTaHawfans. 
10,000. subject to jamon. d Rod. N aiul S 

iTOvaL * MsnwSHSWtttntsV 

1 40-yard 

Replay plan 

The non-league club Maid- 
stone United have decided 
that if their third round FA 
Cup tie away to Watford on 
January' 10 should be a draw 
the replay would be an ali- 
tickei match, with a crowd 
limit of 10,000. subject to 
police approvaL 

more John Smith’s merit table 
A games than anyone else, 
improved their standing with 
a 15-14 win over Bristol, 
helped substantially by the 
goal-kicking of Murray Jones. 
. The stand-off half kicked 
two late penalties to land 1 1 
points to go with Metcalfe’s 
try and overtake Bristol's tries 
from David Thomas and Carr, 
and two Woodman penalties. 

Northampton kept their 
standing at the bead of table B 
(alongside Waterloo) by beat- 
ing London Irish 17-6. Despite 
the loss of Greenhalgh. they 
scored tries through Poole and 
Packman, Cubitt kicking three 
penalties. The Irish, who 
scored an excellent try by 
Davidson, lost Gibson, their 
captain, with a damaged band 
which may keep him out of 
Ireland’s trial next weekend. 

Neath, with a 22-13 win 
over Bridgend, shrugged off 
the challenge of their nearest 
rivals in the Whitbread table. 
Thorburn kicked four penai- 


Gfcoons. N&mms. 8 WeOens. D Tanner: 

K WHHams. G Jones: G Chutib. K Rab&tL raiTS 

H^Hao^j , kv^ T5,ra,mlrBpW Argentina were unofficially 
Retera* J A F Trigg (London). accepted as members of foe 39- 

nation Federation Interna rion- 

S tinicmnn ale de Rngby Amateur at a 

E meeting of the executive com- 

O mhtee at the weekend and 

r lV/f immediately confirmed parti- 

lVlOScIcV cipafom of their nnder-19 team 

•/ m foe KIRA junior champlon- 

By David Hands shi „P ™ West BwKn next year. 

Jean-CIaode Bonder, the gen- 

Moseley, who have played ties. Jonathan Davies and eral secretary of FIRA, said foe 
□re John Smith’s merit table Edmunds scoring the tries for foil membership issue will be 

games than anyone else, Neath. Cardiff, meanwhile, de*K with at foe congress in 

came badly unstuck at London Portugal next Jnly. 

Welsh. Jeremy Evans (two) ^^ he nr - ?T ‘ l '" 8 l ,r , ll i 
and Hail sconng the tries for FTRA 

Welsh in a 25-1 2 wra. is doing s wonderfal ioh,” Carlos 

Nottingham lost Wyles, Tozzi, the president of the 
their Cambridge University Argentine Rugby Union, said, 
debutant, but stdl scored eight “ w * betiwe that H is vital to 
tries against Loughborough expand our contacts and have 
Students, two each for Hughes to seal our oiajer-19 

a.d Oti .who^ottstamfr 

anmnd S40 ' 000 ’ ^ tS 

• Morale soared for Harro- that is money wefl spern." 
gate, who beat Gosforth 16-15, So for IS nations, in diting 

and FyWe, who despatched Argentina and Mexico, have 
Hawidc Comfortably 22-3, but announced they hope to take 
as pleasing to their supporters “fo* UuwasinEly popular 
was Morley’s narrow home jnnmr tournanjenL 

victory over Vale of Lane, 13- Tft 

11. neither side having won S J£, dewIo J^ e ^ 
away since the inception of the place at senior level within 
fixture in 1972 (Michael Ste- Pmnas joining in foe FIRa 
veason writes). Northern's championship. “We cannot aff- 
improved form continued && to travel back and forth to 
with a frank! v unpredictable Europe. We can tonr for force or 
victory over Oireff Calvert g" wefil “ 
taking his points tally to 10 

with the decisive penaity in a« n ^4 chSiSwJ? 
the final minute ( 18-1 5). Tozzi said. 


Alec’s day 
in close 
run affair 

By Jim RaOton 

Cambridge University’s trials 
over foe Boat Race course on 
foe Tideway on Saturday were 
impressive and a fining tribute 
to foeir senior treasurer. Alec 
Clark-Kennedy, and their boat- 
man. John Allin, who died last 
August. The Cambridge trial 
boats were named Alec and 

It was Alec's day on Saturday 
'in a close affair. Cox Simon 
Laveridge and his red-vested 
crew held on to foe outside of 
ihe long Surrey bend on foe 
Middlesex station before stamp- 
ing their authority after Barnes 
in a really thrilling race. The 
junior world medal-winner, 
freshman Mathew Britt in. made 
a brilliant debut as foe winning 

Before Hammersmith there 
was some exciting coxing and 
dashes at Harrods with neither 
crew able to get away and row 
very welLBut rowing stroke for 
stroke foe battle continued in 
rough water against foe strong 
headwind. A tacking sailing boat 
just missed John's bows in foe 
Chiswick Reach but Wollson 
kept remarkably cooL 

At Chiswick Eyot, with only a 
canvas between the crews 
Brittin’s crew began to look the 
sieadier-AJec moved to the front 
during the crossing and came 
home in 19min 46sec by just 
over one and a quarter lengths. 
ALEC: D Culm (Sandhurst and Pem- 
broke), bow; J ihoiwsaa (Web Cathe- 
dra) and ChuTcMft R Stowes |Urw of 
British Cotombis and LMBC). to Smith 
(Shrewsbury and MnpOeiene); J Garmon 
(Shrewsbury and LMBC): *P Broughton 
(Southampton Uniw and Magdalena): *1 
Clarice (Stourport on Severn HS and 
FftzwiUani): M Brttttn (Hampton and 
Robinson), stroke: S Lovmtdgo (Radley 
and 1st and 3rd Trinity), cox. 

JOHN: N Aim (Eton and 1st and 3rd 

Trinriy). bow; T Morris (Merchant Taylors. 
Northwood and LMBC); J PapparaB 
(Oindle and Sidney Sussex); N London 
(Leeds GS and Magdalene); *S Past 
(King's. Chester and Downing); 'J Par 
(Episcopal. Stanford. USA and 1st and 3rd 
Traiity); N Grundy (St Edward's and 
Jesus); R Spink (Sherborne and 
Downing), stroke; J Wolfsoa (Eton and 
Pembroxs). cox. 

■A Blue 



Neath. Cardiff, meanwhile, 
came badly unstuck at London 
Welsh, Jeremy Evans (two) 
and Hall scoring the tries for 
Welsh in a 25-1 2 win. 

Nottingham lost Wyles, 
their Cambridge University 
debutant, but still scored eight 
tries against Loughborough 
Students, two each for Hughes 
and Oti, who constantly 
threatened in a 43-0 win. 

• Morale soared fbr Harro- 
gate, who beat Gosforth 16-15, 
and Fyide, who despatched 
Hawick comfortably 22-3, but 
as pleasing to their supporters 
was Motley's narrow home 

1 1. neither side having won 
away since the inception of the 
fixture in 1972 (Michael Ste- 
venson writes). Northern's 
improved form continued 
with a frankly unpredictable 
victory over OrrelL, Calvert 
taking his points tally to 10 
with foe decisive penalty in 
the final minute (18-1 5). 

I Jets simply 

• runout 

: of steam 

* By Robert Kirley 

The New York Jets took a U- 
if turn in November, ever since 
a they have been rattling down a 
k road that could lead them out of 
s the National Football League 
e play-offs. On Saturday. Mark 
L Malone passed for two touch- 

0 downs and ran for another as foe 
e Pittsburgh Steelers beat the Jets 
9 45-24. 

1 New York, who had a I (LI 
record last month, foe best in 

It ■ foe NFL. lost their fourth 
consecutive game and must win 
g at Cincinnati next week to be 
e assured of a play-off position, 
e New York could gain a play-off 
r berth even if they lost next week, 
but that is not likely. Injuries on 

- defense and an ineffective attack 
a have hampered foe Jets, who 
; have been outscored 131-40 in 
t foeir last tour games. 

i At the Mile High stadium. 

- John fiway scored on an 11- 
3 yard run and completed a 19- 
r yard touchdown pass to lift the 
. Broncos to a 31-30 win against 
I the Washington Redskins- The 
f result enabled foe New York 
’ Giants lo claim the NFC East 






Indamelody to initiate 
treble for Henderson 

Twelve months ago, Nicky 
Henderson, last season's 
champion trainer, took three 
horses to Leicester. Two won 
and the third was beaten a 
short head. 

Now the Lam bourn trainer 
is launching another three-, 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Indeed, the recent Hereford (1.00) 
winner Mayanncor seems (2-OQ) 
likely to pose a greater threat Fed 
But now that Indamelody has at Nt 
finally got his act together he looks 
should be capable of dealing Mistle 
with today's rivals. peciali 

(1.00) and Proud Pilgrim 
(100) stand oul 

Federal Trooper, a winner 
at Newbury in November, 
looks the business for the 
Mistletoe Novices' Hurdle es- 
pecially as on his second visit 
to Newbury he was trying to 
give 121b to the subsequent 
Wincanton winner Perfect 

Proud Pilgrim's latest effort 
against Playschool and 
Comeragfa King at Newbury 
was even more meritorious 
than it appeared at the time in 
light of tbeir subsequent vic- 
tories and he is preferred to 
Wicked Unde for the first 
dr vision of the Christmas Tree 
Novices’ Chase. 

At Kelso, I very much like 
the look of the rejuvenated 
Silent Valley in the Lauder 
Handicap Chase. Before win- 
ning his last race at Newcastle, 
Silent Valley made the smart 
Strands of Gold puD out all the 

. - — — — -T i Charlies Cottage, who also 

hoi^c iraid on the same Mid4 be]ong5 to Henderson’s 
lands track and this time he is! 

lands track and this time he isi 
hopeful of doing even better 
by landing a treble with Steve 
Smith Eccles aboard. 

Last year, Indamelody 
(1.30) was the first of his 
winners. Now there is ground 
for believing that he will be die 
first again with stable 

{iSJTand*' Mamdari C (?S»! 
following him into the 
winner's enclosure. 

Charlie Brooks, Fred 
Winter’s assistant trainer, will 
have his first ride in public on 
this year’s Irish Grand Na- 
tional winner Insure in the 
Holly Handicap Chase. But I 
know that he will be surprised 
iL on his seasonal debut, his 
recent acquisition manages to 
beat the in-form Indamelody 
(nap) on these terms. 

mother-in-law Wendy 
Thome, can complete a family 
double by winning the second 
division of the Christmas Tree 
Novices' Chase. At Warwick 
last month, he split Cottage 
Run and Rhoecus who upheld 
the form when they finish ed 
first and second in a similar 
race on the same course on 

Mandavi, the 10-length 
winner of a handicap hurdler 
restricted to conditional jock- 
eys at Devon and Exeter, 
earlier this month, goes 
unpenalized for the Ivy 
Handicap Hurdle and will 


win fails 
to convince 


By Our Irish Racing 


never have a better chance of stops on the same track. 

winning a race of this nature. 

As for the rest of the 
Leicester programme, I con- 
sider that Federal Trooper 

The useful ex-Irish six-year- 
old Alkepa should be hard to 
beat in the Gattonside 
Novices* Chase. 

i — i. "* • 

Dan The Millar (right) leading Bnck&st Abbey on his way to victory at Doncaster 

Bobsline. starting at die gsn- 
erous odds of 6-4. duly won the 

Durkan Bros lmernanonal 
Punchcstown Chase on 5a £ 
urday, but a winning margin or 
eiriit lengths still left ° ne 
doubt as to whether the 1 0-year- 
old retains the brilliance he 
showed as a novice when he 
won both the AitteTmphysai 

Leopardst own and Cheltenham. 

Another Brownie, the runner- 
np to him on Saturday and the 

long-time pacemaker, had 

beaten Bobsline at Punchesiown 
in the Spring in a handicap out , 
now met Bobsline on a stagger- 
ing 431b worse terms. After- 
wants, his trainer Francis Flood 
said; “I am pleased enough with 
ijik win as Bobsline has never 
been at bis best going right- 

Bobsline will return to the 
left-handed Leopardstown cir- 
cuit ■ for two big races, the 
£R£50,000 Black and White 
Whiskey Champion Chase al 
Christmas and the IRX75.000 
Vincent O’Brien Gold Cup there 
in February. 

Food's ambitions for a big- 
race double on Saturday were 
thwarted when Lucisis. last 
year's winner of the Conyngham 
Cup, and a 13-8 favourite for a 
repeat, went the wrong side of a 
marker early on 

World title 
by graceful 


1.30 HOLLY HANDICAP CHASE (£2£4Cfc 3m) (6 runners) 


By Mandarin 


1.00 Federal Trooper. 

1.30 INDAMELODY (nap). 

2.00 Proud Pi! 
2.30 Charlies C 
3^)0 Mandavi. 

1 IM1100- ENSURE (D)(C Brooks) FVWnttrMMO Mr C Brooks (4) M 4-1 

5 PPF-300 THACVS SPECIAL (D) (L Ames) A tieneS 9-11-S StoreKifeM 90 4-1 

4 1F30-11 MMMELOOT (CO) pars M TlMmo) N Headman 8-11-4 (6aX)_ S SnKti Ecdes 94F3-1 

6 11P212-1 WB5STER (A &atton) J OM $-11-1 SStoNOod 8510-1 

7 1321/2P- SWOTS MAH (CO) (Smith MensSeM Meat} Mra J Pitmen 8-11-1 M Pratt *89 S-Z 

10 1P1621 MAYANNCOR (G Wragg) D L WIRains 6163 (Sex) RCmk 90 6-1 

198& YOtnE WELOSK 9-11-4 r Rone j Gnbni 9 nui 

By Michael Seely 
130 Indamelody. 3.0 Mandavi. 

The Times Private H an di capper’s top rating: 230 CHARLIES COTTAGE 

Elsworth planning 
double assault 
on King George 

Guide to our in-line racecard 

0-0*32 tiMESFOHM (CILBF) (Mrs J Rytey) B Hal 9-IOC 

. B W4st (4) tt 

2.0 CHRISTMAS THEE NOVICE CHASE (Div I: £1326: 2m 4f) (13 runners) 

3 BUD-000 ASMB (B)(MrcJ Chadwick] Ms J teadwick 7-1 1-0 JDooc 

Racecard number. Draw in brackets. Sa-figure 
tonn (F-taL P-pufled up. U-unsaatad now. B- 
brought down. S-sBpped up. R-rahjsed). Horse’s 
name(B-bMtm. v-vtsor. H-hood. E-EyosteeW. G- 
couree winner. D-rSstanca winner. CO-courae 

and dtetanca winner. BF-taenton favourite in total 
race). Owner to brackets. Trainer. Age and 
weight. Rider plus any H wrance- The Tinas 
Private Hancficapper's rating. A p p rox i mate sta rt i ng 

Going: soft, hurdle course; good to soft, chase course 


3 BUB-000 ASMS (B) (Mrs J Chadwick] Mr* J Chadwick 7-11-0. 

4 00-1304 BRONSKI(PMcHale)J-lanktos 5-1 1-0 

5 000-200 CAMELLA’S CHOICE (M Kingsley) S Motor 611-0 — 

10 F/P QMM LANCER (C Nasi} C Nadi 8-1 1-0 

11 F/D40-TO HHJ.O- PONDS (P Boggts) D Gandoifo 7-11-0 

12 00000/0 HMALAYA (G Hartigan) G Haitigan 5-11-0 

14 200ZF/F KMG HUSTLER (VLacfclay)W Clay 9-11-0 

15 00F2/P-P MGHT ATTACK (Mrs F Burgess) J Bloct 10-11-0 — 

17 0/D-F323 PROUD PILGRIM (Lady Backer) J Webber 7-1 1-0 

20 40P*F SALBIURST(Stoehcrtt Paper) GBektog 61 1-0 

22 00232-0 VALLEY SO DEEP (J Brown) 0 QandoMo 8-114) 

2S PP- VBKJNA MAGIC (B Peppatt) P Befley 6-11-0 

2* 004 WICKED UNCLE (Mrs B Sm*0 F Whwar 5-1 1-0 

in — 12-1 
od — F7-4 
(7) — 8-1 

s item 

. — SJOTfeB 

- MmCEMott 

_ G Momegh *99 3-1 

J Frost — 10-1 

— — 12-1 

— R Strong* — — 
P Scudamore 84 4-1 

David Elsworth plans to nm 
both Desert Orchid and Combs 
Ditch zo the Sins Geoge VI 
Chase at Kemptoe Park- 

On Boxing Day, 1984, Combs 
Ditch nearly achieved the shock 
of die season when Ming by a 
short head to heat B ar ron gh HIH 
Lad, and now the in-form 

ft TriK hmytraiawk la imr h mg g 

two-pronged assault for this 
competitive prize. 

One of the great characters of 
the National Hast scene, Rich- 
ard Btnridgels front-naming 
grey showed that he had recov- 

By Michael Seely 

is to nm Aheriow from the Kffliney 
d Combs Chase, Gifford and his veteran 
rage VI owner suffered an early setback 
L when Midnight Count could 

L Combs only split Carries Clown and 
he shock Bajan Sunshine In a hard-fought 
ling by a battle. “He slipped going into 
mghHIIl the first bend," said Gifford. 

in-form “And he slipped again and ; 
inching a banked two fences, including the 
for this ditrih, raring down into Swinley I 

ados of Carries Clown had also , 
ae. Rich- fenced boldly when cotnprehen- 
-numiog si rely thrashed by Aheriow at 
id recov- Wincanton and as Elsworth said 

1 0-2F1F4 NABEEH (DJ (M Bray-Cotton) W Clay 4-11-6 . 

00- B0ULEVAR0 ROY (Mrs WPltotoRHaWar 4-11-0. 

_ DtaeCtay OSBRS4 
. W McFarland 91 

1985c CROSS MASTER 6-11-0 R Crank (9-4 (av) T BB 12 ran 

ered all his former zest and Ere afterwards, “jumping is the 
-when romping home 12 lengths name of this particular game." 






BRAVE SAINT (R Bottled) P Bkxttoy 4-114) 


PMP POCO LOCO (Mra C Howard) A Dayison 4-114) 

D STRAIGHT SETS (P Cundell) P Onto! 4-11-0 

A Roia P) 



nf4« teOSExQMERSEAStPHnitqPHIatl^-rt-O 

|«|y| | 


0I» FRBULY BEE (R MatcaHa) j Glower 4-10-8 


F04200 SAUCY SPRITE (R Norton) A Jarvis 4-169 

S Scott 



O-OOPOO SECRET SIOUX (H) (B Derbjahhe) D McCain 4-169 

PP6 THERESA (G Sum) G Blum 4-10-9 

A Morphy (5) 

□ Hood 

FORM BRON8KI. a usaM hunter who makes Ms debut own- tacos. (11-4} 4th beaten 13%Mo Rad 
rwn ™ Rocfcy(IOO) atSandown (2m Sf. £3724. good to son. Nov 29. 18 rta.CAMELLA'S CHOKE (10- 
12) 5th bootan 14W to Anagmor' Daughter (10-8) at mreanton (2m 8. hdta. £1264. good to soft. Nw 13, 22 
ran). PROUD PILGRIM (ll3ft 3rd beaten 13? to Ptey«choolti1-0) at Wowbwy (an 4f. £4142. oott Nov 22. 10 

dear of Charcoal Wally in the 
Frogman* Chase at Ascot on 

The Top Rank Christmas 
Hurdle is also promising to be 
another thrilling affair at 

ran). VALLEY SO DEEP (11-0) Btti in nood otltia raca wtwnSth bootan over 1 Bio Compun Parti (1 VO) at 
OMttanham (2m 4f. Mta, £2155. good. Doc 6. 17 ran). WICKED UNCLE fil'd) 2nd bsaton 201 ID BOtymuOsn 

Temporarily headed Kempt on. Nohaimdnn. the de- 
approadnng the straight. Desert drive conqueror of Barn brook 

Orchid shook off the ev e nt ua l 
runner-ap and Annettes Delight 

Again in the HSS Hire Shops 
Hurdle, will return to Sun bury. 

000 VULGARIS (Top Industrial Mfg up) P Davis 4-10-9- 

1985c STREET LEVS. 10-4 S McCrystal (7-4 jt4av) H OTMi 6 ran 


230 CHRISTMAS TREE NOVICE CHASE (Div Ik £1^95: 2m 4Q (13 runners) 

2 OP BOREEM KING (G P S (PrinO lid) S Motor 5-11-0 MHawtora 

at die second-last and came where River Ceiriog and Floyd 

CAPM NA8SM was sharing toa toad wtwn&dSngaiBia 501. oartarfl 0-1) won Kl tram Bonfire (11-5) at 
rvnm Soutoweapmaeil. ai4. soft. Nov 24, 12 ran). BOULEVA RD BO Y p 0-^681 waflboaiam 41 lo 
Preordination (1 1-0) « Newton Abbot (an. £714, good 4ugZt. 11 ran). S USSEX OVERSEAS (TO-101wBlbBat- 
on 5ih over 501 to Track MarshaB p 0-1 q at Harelurd (2m. sal. £515. good to soft. 10 rerd- FR»«DLY aeE (10- 
9) 3rd beaten 221 to Doon Venture (10-fi) at Notttitfnm (2m. £731. good, Dec fi. 14 SAUCY SPRITE p(Ki) 

good to son, Nov 18, 

9)3nt beaten 221 to Boon Venture (10-5) at No Uto gh a m (2m. £731. good. Pace. 14 ran). 3 
kept on wel. 4th beatan 10JW to Oownton Chicago pOB) « Southwel (2m 41 aal. £766. 
15 ran). 


1.0 MISTLETOE NOVICE HURDLE (£1,748: 2m) (25 runners) 

2 06-12 FBKRALTIIOOPBt(PBoram]MreJ Pitman 5-11-6 MPtaai «99F»4 

B 0 AVON VALE (P Locke) PCWKtol 5-1 1-0 AQomn 

9 04 BEE GARDEN (M Motejr) P May 5-11-0 BPMmB 7514-1 

11 BKOMXEAF (A Ricftafds) H OTMI 9*11*0 RCTiapmm . 

13 030- CORNCHARM (Comchann Lkfl H CoSngndge 5-1 1-0 MRtamr 7210-1’! 

16 PO EXPANSIVE GESTURE (Mra JPNaB) Mra I McKte 5-11-0 SMonhead 1 

17 00-P FAUJROS (Macs Oarage Ltd) JOW 5-11-0 CUswsBvn(7) 

21 00 GRAND CELEBRATION (Excite UtQRSknpson 4-11-0 ACamS 7216-1 

22 OUB2- GREED (A Wikinson) Denys Smith 5-11-0 0210-1 

24 0 HIGH PLAINS (H Moidd) D MchOiSon 4-1 1-0 RDraoody 80 6-1 

25 P ICE RMK(T Hughes) MraJBamnv 5-1 1-0 PeterHobba 

28 MAUNDY BOY (N Robans) Mrs I McKfo 5-11-0- MBostor(4) 

30 3- NICE BUSME8S (R Saxtqr) J Jenkins 4-1 1-0 S Sherwood 83 5-1 

33 PATCHBUflG (R Gunthorpe) F Jordan 4-11-0 CSmHi 

35 0 PRINCE GEORGETOWN (RHartopJRHarlop 4-114) R Oank 

38 0/ HISBYGATE (Mra L Shemud) 0 Marks 5-11-0 BdaHaan — — 

40 SEVEN SWALLOWS (Mrs G Davidson) H CoBngridga 5-11-0 REanwhaw 

42 0 SWFT SHARK (Mn 0 Casey) R Casey 7-11-0 J Bartow 

48 0 VENTUO (Mrs S Tainton) N PainSdg 5-11-0 SLow)av(7) 

49 VERYSPECIAL (Mra E LamMon) W HokJan 4-11-0 KTonmend(7) 

53 ELTEETEE (J MaaJars) C Jamas 4-10-9 M Pratt 

56 0- MBS TOPEM(JTayi«)C Vernon MBW5-10B — 

57 3 MKOOLA EVE (D Cooper) J Glover 4-1 0-6 S Johnson 80 12-1 

59 TOMANNAROSA (A P (Consultants) Ltd) O Brennan 5-104 MBrannan 

62 00- XYLOPHONE (L Shepherd) D Marks 4-10-9 — 79 20-1 

1985: JESTO 4-11-0 M Dwyer p 6-1) Jtonqr Fltzgarald 24 ran 

2 OP BOREEH KING (GPS (PlinQ Ud) S Makar 5-11-0 

3 343-34F BOWDB4 (Miss Doagtos-Paniwnt) I Dudgeon 0-114) 

4 203-FQZ BRUKTBICRRFF(B)P‘WinlKtDnlO Brennan 7-11-0 

5 0400412 CHARUE'S COTTAffi (Ms M Thome) N Hendotson 6-11-0 . 

6 FF COOLOUGHTER(N Roberts) J Webbw 5-1 1-0 

7 21 DOOOV’S SPECIAL (Miss H Handel) HHandsi 11-11-0 

12 00-F3 MAHYLEBONE (Lady Hants) G Balding 7-11-0 

13 P000-F0 NED LAWLESS (Mra MRfcnantoonJJ Old 6-11-0 

16 304-003 RED I0CK(Q Babbage) Mra M Babbage 6-11-0 

17 4/0102- ROWLEY LODGE (F Jvkeor^P Bsvan 5-11-0 

19 0FO-P40 SUWIOOKE PARK (C Hague) BRicfnon] 61 1-0 

20 10303/0- THE HAOBtDBIOS (Mrs B Citoey) B Curley 7-11-0 

21 200411/ RACHEL'S D0JQHT(B Johnson) 0 Wlnia 7-10-9 

home tike a. tiger. 

are likely rivals for last season’s 

— M Herrington 

— M Richards 



— GMemagh 

Miss H Handel 

4 Promt 

C LfewwByn (7) 

— N Babbage 

J Kants 

- R D un woody 

D Murphy 

A Carrol 

I “He’s right hack to his best Champion Hurdle third. 

90 7-1 
• 99F64 

reckon that was an Elsworth was nevertheless de- 

Tough test 
for the 

improvement on ins last run on lighted with the runner-up's 

From Nicolas Soames 

Leaders over the jumps 


198& MDAMELOOY 7-11-0 S Smith Ecetospi-4) N Henderson 15 ran 

J Fitzgerald 

w to »• i 
46 18 13 






P Scudamore 

W to to : 

53 38 28 






M Pipe 

36 17 12 



M Dwyer 

50 19 17 

, 2 


G Richards 

33 26 21 



R Dunwoody 

37 2S 33 




27 U 15 



P Tuck 

32 29 24 



G BaSSng 

26 18 13 



S Sherwood 

28 21 17 



W Stephenson 25 30 17 



C Grant 

27 42 26 




24 17 10 




25 36 27 




24 24 15 



G Bradley 

2* 14 7 



D Efaworth 

23 17 7 



C Brown 

22 10 14 




22 11 15 



R Rowe 

22 16 14 



The eight new world cham- 
pions in women's judo travelled 
to Japan to fight in the fourth 
Fukuoaka international 
women's championship at the 
weekend, but only one — 
Britain's Karen Briggs— proved 

M Bosley (4) 

S S herwood 83 61 

3 A IVY HANDICAP HURDLE (£1,175: 2m 4f) (23 runners) 

B da Han — — 

S 014-2212 MANDAVI (Mrs K Andwson) N Henderson 5-11-7 S Snath BoolM 08 F6l’ 

8 40F-300 MAIUNBtS DREAM (D Nswton) R HoUrwhaad 611-6 Pttovar 9714-1 

7 430009 ALL rtASH (B.H) (D Dobeon) R Stoipeon 611-5 DGofagherp) 91 — 

8 402-P00 BLACKWHL BOY (D) (Triam South West) A James 61 1-4 GJooo 93 61 

9 14003-0 8WMH0E CROFT (Q Martin) Mra MDkMnson 4-11-1 JO Davies (71 90 6 2 

10 P/3-1000 AMERICAN GW. (D) (M Reeve) H Oltotf 7-11-1 POnoy FttcMtaywa (7) 18 161 

12 2/16*400 9HEWTON WAY (M Hickajr) J Janktos 61613— S Sherwood 80161 

14 21000-0 telEFAlAB P OonnoOy) K haay 61611 MRiciWida *99 7-1 

15 014002 GENERALISE (J Browne Construction) G Thomor 4-10-11 C Evans (4) 90 61 

17 40301-0 END OF THE ROAD (KPerratqJPorrert 6100 G Charles Joomc 08161 

18 021106 ASTRAL LADY (D) (Mra CDook) Mra CDook 6100 — 9214-1 

19 01/0001- WMSOR BOtD(C) (Steel Plata A Sections Ltd) PCuncM 610-8 MrB Cowley (7) 88 — 

the track," said Elsworth. “As 
long as the ground is sot too bad. 
Desert Orchid will go for the big 

performance. “Not only were we 
ghrmg away 41b, but we also had 
to do most of the donkey work. I 

race." Colin Brown win have the still think he’s got a 

choice between him and Combs 
Ditch, who is in great shape and 

chance in the Lad broke Hndle 
with only 11% 111b." Barnbrook 

has woo first time out in each a£ Again and The Iliad are now co- 

the past two seasons. 

ForRrve’N Forget and Way- 
ward Lad appear to dominate 
the King George, but Dow Lateb 

favourites at 6-1 with the spon- 
sors for Leopardstowa’s feature 
on January 10. 

After Gaye Brief had blun- 

and Western Sunset are other dered his chance away at the 

■ID) at Devon (2m If. £720. soft Dec 5, 17 rah), i 
i. £1600. good. May 21. 16 rani. MGH PUUWS f 
reoa beaten 81 to Rostora (l 0-7) at NotttogharnJ: 

runntag greea beatan 81 to Rostova (l 67) at NotMwn | 
(167)3rd baaten Id to Courageous Chargor (td-3) at P 
WKOOLA EVE fl 0-9) 3rd beaten 221 to Starwood (1 1-7) at 


0 (1 1 -1) 2nd beaten 101 to Thatchu fl 1-1) at 
67J5th, can improva bum hto first outing whan 
rn. £1079. good, Dae 1, 22 ran). NICE BUSMESS 
n (bn, ES48, good to 1km Non 11, 14 nml 
t Rosen (2m. ^639, good tofloA, Nov 22, 19 

20 20330/6 SEVEtPS SPECS (D) (P Locka) P Ctmdsfl 6167 

22 00100/ BRWCVAL(R Norton) A Jarvto 6166 

26 3/PP-004 SHPWHGHT (R Ramsay) H O'NoB 6161 

27 FBI/POO LAST TRAIL (M WRssntirg M Wlesmftfl 7-160 

28 OPPP-PP QUAUTAIR PRINCESS (QuAair Eng) K Stone 6160. 

29 0640-0 MARY KATE 0VHUEN (Mra B Curley) B Cwtoy 6160. 

30 22/6POO 8TAFFORDSHRE KNOT (CNaSft)C Nash 11-160 

31 01 P-440 KALOOW BSU (D) (R Oowaatt) R HwTop 6160 

32 03-0000 TIMBEH TOOL (Mra GE Janas) Mrs GE Jonas 4-104 

34 F4430Q/ LOVELBt (F Shertdari) F Sheridan 7-10-0 

38 334QP/0 WHO OF STRESS (W Hardy) J L Harris 6160 

— 90 — 

BOaadtog (7) 

. J McUufpriki 

DMwpky 80 — 

. RDuMOOdy - — — 

tt CMk 90 — 

J Bryan 94 — 

, P Scudamore 

— J A Karris 

possible runners. And either 
Bolands Cross or Half Free are 
likely to represent Sh«ltli All 
Abu Khamsin. 

Dow- Latch's decisive victory 

p enultima te (fight is the JLaug 
Walk Hurdle, the race became a 
three-cornered affair between 
Out Of The Gloom, Sheer Gold, 
and Ibn Majed. Peter 

1 I in Saturday's SGB Chase was a- Scudamore was sees at his most 

joy to watch, and must have inspired when forcing Out -Of 

warmed the 92-year-old heart of The Gloom home to go three 

Course specialists 

19B5: MASTER BOB 61612 J WWW (7-2 fav) N Hondareon 22 ran 







F Winter 








Mra J Pitman 







N Henderson 















J Jenkins 




R Rowe 








P Scudamore 






By Mandarin 

12.1 5 Absonant 
12.45 Alkepa. 

1.15 Cobby Castle: 

1.45 Sfiem Valley. 
2.15 Bobby Burns. 

2.45 Royal Radar. 

1.15 EBF WOODSIDE STUD NOVICE HURDLE (mares: £1,241: 2m 6f) (17 runners) 

2 P0304-1 MOLLY CAREW (A Douglas) D Moftatt 611-6 KTatoan 97 7-2 

3 008/002 COBBY CASTLE W Raine} J H Johroon 61612 G Landau W • 99 F3-1 

5 000600 GOLD PROFIT (W Young) W Yauig 616)2 D Nolan 

8 0-40 UIBIAHA (W Hwnay) Mrs G Revoioy 61612 P Draw* (4) — 14-1 

9 MAMMASELLE (John SmMi) J S Wbaon 4-1612 TG Din — 161 

10 00U4U2/ MARCH FLY (Mra A Mwaaggart) AMsaaggart61612 Mr D Mactaggart (7) 

11 2404-4F OF THAT 9JC (Mra J Wok) Mrs JWdr 61612 C Dennis (7) 8512-1 

12 OP PANTO GBK. [Fir Tradng Ltd) JWatnwrigftf 61612 MPappor 

13 060 PAUPER MOON (J Robson) W Raad 61612 R Luob 8214-1 

14 00P4-O3 PLAYWG (Mrs J Pringle) Us J Prtoglo 7-1612 MKamnoad 94 6 

15 0 POLITICAL PROSPECT (J Goodtofcav) Mra J GoodteOow 4-1612 BScoray — — 

17 0000/P4- REBRONA (Mra F Walton) F Walton 61612 Mr J Wallow 

18 0 RUBAOARK(M Mtotook) Mra GfteVBtoy 61612 PMna — 7-! 

19 TEN A PENNY (CKevans)WMoGhto 61612 Jlto n a a n — — 

20 00P6OO TYNESTOE (B) (□ Lamb) D Lamb 61612 KJonaa 

21 4 WARCHAftf (E MUnson) Ft Wtitekar 4-1612 COraut 94 65 

22 P600 WHTTEGATES LADY (R Bowdan) R Gray 61612 DCohM 

IBBSi KBJnPP ER 6165 Mr P Damns (62) Mra M Dickinson 18 ran . 

145 LAUDER HANDICAP CHASE (£1 ,537: 3m) (5 runners) 

1 U3601P DURHAM HOTION (C) (R Oslay) W A Stephen so n 6167 RLanb 90 61 

3 2024P6 RICHDEE (14 (Mtos DOabtoQN Crump 1611-0 CHawMm WS9161 

5 2123P4 POUNENTES (O) (W MeGhto) W McGMa 611-2. MDwyar 0711-5 

B 316121 B»J£NT VALLEY |D)(J Watoy) I Jordon 161613 (Bax) BBtmwy 9»F6-< 

7 PB3PF1 CLONROCW STREAM (D) V Thompson 7-161 (Bax) Mr M Thnapson (4) S3 4-1 

1985: MISTY SPRIT 610-8 A Stringer (64 (Wav) D Lao S ran 

215 B1RGHAM NOVICE HURDLE (£685: 2m) (20 runners) 

1 10 BOBBYBURNS(BF)(LiU}y Rtoon) MraM DWdreon5-11-5 G Bradtoy 32FZ-1 

2 21 LAST GRAM mi (UflWbOtfy of HtonBton Ud) JSWWson 4-11J TQ Dun 93 54 

4 310000 THE rtXSI(1 Ross) J Mooney 611-5 J Mooney 81161 

5 1 BB1ABAMJS(Q(R Stephenson) W A Stephenson 4-11-0 RUnb 96 4-1 

8 OOP- CAPTAM MONTY (Mrs A Pago) WPB08 61612 TPWM»<7) — — 

9 300*3/0 COPY WRITER (H Jackson) R 61612 ClIawMna — 161 

15 PIV004- mo HARRY (RAndarsorQRGokOe 61612 B Stony 91 161 

17 MELROS1AH (J Btecktoc*) J Haldane 61612 C Grant 

19 DO MO-M5SS (Mrs F Paper) v Thompson 4-1612 K Jonas — — 

21 06P OLDNNG COLE {D Dor«ng)D Daring 61W2-~. MrDDoifing 

22 04400-0 PADDY HAYTON (Mra B Ward) S Leadbetler 61612 JHanaan 82 — 

23 OO-OU PEHOLEY (SOLD (Mrs H Gnaanstaekte) M NaugMon 61612 M Hammond 77 — 

24 0-FOO HUGGED BARON (A Baran) V Thompson 61612 Mr M Thompson (4) 

25 00/00 SAGE HAWK (MtosR Gray) R Gray 7-1612, PAF«ra*(4) 

28 003 TACT1C0(10alglai8h)WF9bvnva 4-1612 — JKKtaaon *99 61 

29 TttOLYEYETYE (T Craig) TOalg 61612 M Ennis — — 

32 OP TREYARNON (U-ColW MontBkhJP MWItSittl 4-1612 DNotoo 

33 PPPP/D6 CAPHKORN SABff (0 Eubank) G Eubank 6167 — — — — — 

34 00 MADE FOR UF£(R Bmidgo) Mrs G Ravetey 4-167 PMvn 

» 004 RAiNBEAH (Mra JVM) Mra JWak 6167 CDaonsfT) — 

1985: RULE OF THE SEA 611-0 Mr J WMton (7-1) A SC0« 19 ran 

Michael Seely's selection: 1.45 SILENT VALLEY (nap). 

Going: good to soft 


15 0 POLITICAL PROSPECT (J GoooMtaw) Mrs J GoodMtow 4-1612. 

17 0000/P4- REBRONA (Mra F Walton) F Walton 61612 — — 

18 0 RUBADARK (M MtatooM) Mra G Ravotey 61612 

19 TBI A PEMTY (C Kevans) W MoGhta 61612 

20 00P6OO TTTESn)E(B}<D Lamb) D Lamb 61612 

21 4 WARCHANT (E WBdnson) R WhfflUtar 4*1612 

22 PO40 WHfTEGATES LADY (R Bowdan) R Gray 61612 

1 2111P4 (3MIDY LANE (VJJ) (A IMwmJJMLambart 4-124 

3 3030716 TARCtflN (CD) (J Leas) S Laaftoensr 61 1-5 

4 460U4F GEWtARO (BJ3) (P Warns) M NaugMon 6114 

G 000600 TOT (CD) (T Gttdson) J Charlton 61613 — 

8 203440 DARK TRK (Mrs S Baudouta) J H Johnson 61611 

10 P0P-4P2 SUPER SOLO (BF) (LKM W MontaWi) P Marmito 1610-9 

11 216334 ABSONANT (CO) (Mra A Shaw) Mrs GBewtoy 4-168 

13 034041 POLISH KNK3tT(ILD)(r Clayton) A Brown 4-168 

14 010000 BRAS CREEK (CD) (T F8slito) J S VHson 4-10-8 

15 2230m' SPECIAL SETTLEMENT (CO) (T Booty) R ARM 61 61 


— J Ottoman 

J R Outon 


G Landau 

-I D Jonas 

D Jackson 

R Fahey 

— E Tamer 
TP White 

R Lamb 90 61 

CHmrtdns • 89 161 

MDwyar 9711-2 ' 

BBtmwy 96F6-4 

M-M Thompson (4) 93 4-1 

6POO LYRICAL PALM (Exon late A M8SDaws9)S Payne 4-164 D Payne 

198& ISLAY MISr 6168 B Hay (61) T Craig 11 ran 

12-45 GATTONSIDE NOVICE CHASE (£1,207: 2m 61) (13 runners) 

1 24286 1 ALKEPA (J Btsgeaa)G Moore 611-10 M Ham m ond 899F64 

2 FU3F61 IMPAGE (D W Mcholson) S Leadbettor 611-10 — 90 62 

3 F00060 CANDY COME (Mra R Brvwis) R Brawn 611-3 ASBteger 7* — 

5 000 CONVKX. BOY (B) (Murray Athofl tovB3toWrtS Ud) D Mortafl 611-3 K Taato* 

6 00206P FERROUS (Mrs A Page) W Page 61 1-3 kkPCraggs 

S 200F16 GRANVILLE PARK (CMuphy) Mra MOkMnson 611^ G Bradley 7-2 

10 00U4 JAY DOUBLE YOU (J Mathlason)JSW|bon 61 1-3 TG Ooa 

11 044210/ LAURHttE PARSONS (Mra JGM«WFarytoW 611-3 J K KkMM 

12 OOPtMO LUMBAR OUAY (A Mactaggart) A Mactaggart 611-3 Mr D Itoctagaari (7) 73 

13 2PFP-43 PARAGLO (C Sample) W Sample 611-0 Mr C Smapto 83 161 

14 0 PCEAR NOMAD (Janie Stoddart Ltd) W A Stephenson 611-3 RLartb 82 — 

15 0303-34 TOMMY GE (Mrs JMBw) Mrs JGoodfefcw 7-1 1-3. 

P LADY MISTLETOE (Cel DGreig)JSWCHn 161 612L__ WU 

198& CMCK8T0WN 611-3 N Dougltly (61) G Wcftaros 13 ran 

. B Storey 

C Grant — 14-1 

Course specialists 

Jim Joel as Josh Gifford's so 
often disappointing eight- year- 
old asserted his superiorly turn- 
ing into the straight and drew 
dean away from Sign Again and 
I Cross Master. 

To be sure, the Caffs of Bucko 
and Plundering made the race 
less competitive, but when allow- 
ed to dominate proceedings in 
this way. Door Latch is a 
formidable three-mOer and bet- 
ter than his present handicap - 

“I have talked to Mr Joel," 
said Gifford. “Door Latch put 
everything in yesterday, and we 
just hope the race doesn't take 
too much out of ban. But if he 
comes back bouncing we'd Eke 
to have a crack at the King 
George as Richard Rowe thinks 
that Kempton wifi suit the 

West Tip, now 14-1 favourite 
to repeat last season's Grand 
National win, came, home 
str ongl y to finish fourth and 
together with the runner-up. 
Sign Again, will now go for the 
Mandarin Chase at Newbury's 
New Year fixtnre. “West Tip 
ran a mighty race and Just needs 
101b off bis back," said Richard 

As for as Bucko is concerned, 
Jimmy Fitzgerald is going to 
lower his sights with Saturday's 
casualty. “Weil new let Budco 

so dear of Mark Dwyer at the head 
>ar- of the jockeys' table, and to 
am- complete a personal double, 
rew Perhaps the most amazing 
ind sight of an exciting afternoon's 
sport was at Doncaster where 
cfco Simon Sherwood persuaded 
ace Burnt Oak to stage that surpris- 
jw- fog rally to catch Wayward Lad 
in on the flat in the SheOa's 
a Cottage H a nd icap, 
pet- Simon carried oat his orders 
ap- to the letter, said David Nichol- 
son. “I told him on no account to 
4” touch the old horse with the 
pat whip," and with his tail swishing 
we around like a windmill, Briga- 
ike dier Harvey’s 10-year-old re- 
be corded his fourth victory in 
ike soccession and now goes to 
mg Warwick on December 29. 
iks It is impossible not to agree 
the with Monica Dickinson that 
Graham Bradley hit the front far 
ite too soon, as at the third fence 
md from home the 11-year-old win- 
me ner of 27 races had looked in a 
nd different league to his plbni 
ip, hot oue-paced rival. “Wayward 
he Lad got very tired,” said Mrs 

fs Dickinson. “Rat he’s never 
Ip Eked being in front too long, and 
ds if Brad had gone a fence later, he 

ud would probably have won." 

• John Spearing,, the trainer, 
4 win appear before the Jockey 
to Club Disciplinary Committee 
r’s tomorrow concerning the four- 
ko day declaration of Run And Skip 

had done in tbe premier event 
two months ago. In the final of 
the bantamweight category yes- 
terday she again beat Fumiko 
Ezaki, of Japan. 

But the true measure of the 
victory can only be seen against 
the background of her training, 
for Miss Briggs has been in 
hospital for an operation on her 
arm and between the world 
championships and the 
Fukuoaka event she has had just 
two bouts of judo practice. And 
even those were spent nursing 
an armful of stitches. 

It was not surprising therefore 
that white she won the final 
against Ezaki, it was touch and 
go with the 1 5-vear-old manag- 
ing to frustrate her main attacks 
and Briggs only won on a split 

Britain's two other world 
champions, lightweight .Ann 
Hughes, and light middleweight 
Diane Bell, dearly viewed the 
Fukuoaka championships as 
something of an anti-climax 
after winning world titles, 
though both duly picked up 
medals. Miss Hughes came 
securely through to the final 
where she met Maria 
Gontowicz, the Pole whom she 
had beaten in the final of the 
world championship. This time 
the result was reversed with 
Gontowicz taking the decision. 

On Satunday, Diane Bell, 
found herself in much the same 
situation. She won her first fight 
by holding down Christine 
Fleory (France) but then en- 
countered Noriko Mochida (Ja- 

pan) who tipped her backwards 
for a knock-down score when 

for a knock-down score when 
the Newcastle girl momentarily 
lost her concentration. She man- 
aged to salvage a bronze medal 
however by beating Boguslawa 
Olechnowicz, of Poland. 

— 1 | 5.1 * 

■J 5 J • I i 


r trolls 

| i’ E Jf* 

By William Stephens 

John Prenn regained the 
world title from William Boone 
bv one of the narrowest margins 
in the history of the champion- 
ship when he won a lena and 
exciting second kg bv 4-3 at 
Queen's Gub on Saturday. 

Leading after the first Peg in 
New York by four games to 
three, but with a points advan- 
tagTof only 93-92, he became 
certain of securing the title 
when, at three games all. be 
reached 1 3*7 in the fourth, since, 
if Boone had levelled at seven 
games all, the championship 
would have been decided on 
points. The final score 1 3-5, 
15-10. 7-15. 10-15, 15-S. 9-15. 
I*. 7. with Prenn amassing 86 
points to Boone's 75 — and in 
Prenn's overall 8-6 margin of 
victory he totalled 1 79 points to 
Boone's 167. 

Prenn clearly had the mental 
edge at the outset - gained by 
his first-ever defeat of Boone on 
the New York court Boone 
appeared disturbed by this set- 
back and played tentatively, 
reacting to Prenn’s initiative 
rather than taking his own. 
Boone’s service lacked bite- 
indeed he only registered two 
aces in the first game, and those 
after Prenn had raced to an 1 1-0 
lead in one hand. 

When wo games down. 
Boone's anger was aroused and 
bis characteristic aggression re- 
turned. Dominating the front of 
the court he took the third game 
and led 7-3 in the fourth before 
Prenn eame to contention at 9-9. 
Boone moved up a gear, took 
the game and led 8-5 in the fifth, 
from which point Prenn won tbe 
game in one band to lead 3-2. 

Boone's service became des- 
perate in the sixth game. He 
raced to 11-1. including five 
consecutive aces, although 
Prenn countered to 9-11 before 
Boone levelled at three games 
all — when the points total was 
164 to Prenn and 160 to Boone. 

At 5-5 in the final game, 
Boone made three consecutive 
unforced errors and overhit high 
on to the back wall, giving Prenn 
easy kill shots. Prenn said it was 
his closest ever match with 

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Villa’s birds of prey 
leave Walsh and 
F erguson in mid-air 

By Clive White 


Aston Villa 3 

Manchester Unite d...!!!” 3 

Th? spirit of Christmas is 
definitely upon Manchester 
United - and making Alex 
Ferguson, their manager, feel 
most unfestive. He watched 
incredulously as, for the sec- 
ond week running. United 
gave a way a two-goal lead in a 
six-goal thriller that held no 
compensation for Ferguson It 

was enough to make a Scrooge 

of any man, let alone a Scol 

“It’s incredible,” he sighed, 
“from heaven to hell in the 
space of seconds.” It was 16 
minutes between the formality 
of United recording their first 
away win of the season and the 
possibility of a mere draw, but 
you knew what be meant 

In ah his years at Pittodrie 
he said Aberdeen only once 
lost such a lead. But perhaps 
be was never cursed by the 
misfortune of losing his best 
player thorugb injury at a 
Crucial time, and tossing a 
fledgling goalkeeper into aerial 
combat with two birds of prey 
like of Gray and Thompson. 

A further irony that Fer- 
guson would not have appre- 
ciated was that, as last week 
when two goalkeeping errors 
by Turner cost United dearly, 
so another brace of boobs by 
Walsh, the debutant, aged 18 , 
would undermine a perfor- 
mance by United that Fer- 
guson conceded, he mostly 
thoroughly enjoyed watching. 

If it was a mistake, as I 
suspect it was, to baptize 
Walsh in such a cauldron as 

Villa Park, it has not deterred 
Ferguson. “We knew about 
Jus ability to command his 
box m the reserves, but he’s 
never had the experience of 
racing people like Thompson 
and Gray. Now be has. And 
well give him a ran." 

Billy McNeill, the Villa 
manager, wen aware of 
Walsh s ability from his days 
in Manchester, concurred 
with Ferguson’s approval of 
tte youngster. At 6ft 2 in 
Walsh s head for heights ought 
to improve white he gets down 
remarkably well as be showed 
when Mocking Hunt’s shot in 
the 23rd minute even ifHodge 
did follow-up to score. 

By then United already had 
their nose in front when one of 
several telling balls from Rob- 
son put Davenport in with the 
sort of chance he now accepts 
as ruthlessly as he did al 
Nottingham Forest. He, more 
than anyone, has been re- 
activated by Ferguson’s ar- 
rival. When two successively 
astute passes by Sivebaek and 
Strachan set up Davenport 
even more conclusively, the 
ball slithered off the end of his 
toe and just wide of a post, 
while Spink collided with him. 
adding insult to ' injury. If . 
insult was forgotten in the 

splendour of the third goal, his 
injured ribs could not be, 
eventually 'moving him fate- 
fully from the game. 

But before it did. United 
had moved ahead with an elan 
which we have not seen in 
their play since last sason’s 
sprint start. An inspired 
blocked tackle by Strachan 
maintained pressure upon 

Villa which eventually af- 
forded Whiteside a goal which 
anyone could have sooted. 
Not so the third by Davenport 
who, again following short, 
sharp and very sweet touches 
from Olsen and Whiteside, 
this time finiyfu^i the master- 
piece with a flourish of art 
ariisfs Anal stroke. 

Villa were never so- fluent, 
save perhaps when Sivebaek 
invited them to storm out of 
defence with the ball. As is his 
wont, he lost possession easily 
to Hunt and the ball was 
threaded through Hunt's fa- 
voured left foot to Thompson 
and he bludgeoned it home. 

Davenport was taken off to 
be replaced by Stapleton and 
the game was almost lost there 
and then. Even a struggling 
Davenport was worth more 
than Stapleton’s typical* token 
effort. Walsh- Sailed to punch 
dear a corner by Hunt — as 
he had for the first goal — 
and Moses was forced to 
handle Thompson’s ensuing 
header beneath the crossbar. 
Evans gave Walsh no chance 
to atone from the penalty spot 

Other opponents of United 
hoping to bniefit from similar 
generosity could be dis- 
appointed. One senses that 
Ferguson, more acutely aware 
than his predecessor of 
United’s weataesses, will not 
tolerate' the Christmas spirit 
much longer. 

ASTON vua n SpHc D Norton. A 
). A Evans. D 

,t *iJ*:4*. i ■ ■ 

Five-star finish: Gough is left unmarked by Falco (background, left) and heads the goal that proved to be Tottenham’s winner at White Hart Lane 

Lashings of effort Unhappy Children outside 

for Falco 

but very little else 

are sole winners 

By Simon Jones 

Norwich City. . . 




There was a tout outside 
Carrow Road asking if anyone 
had tickets to sell. He had a 
desperate look about him like 
someone who had found gold on 
a barren mountain and h«d 

UNITED: G Wate* J 

Svofceafc, M Duxbuy. R Moses, K Moran. 
G How. B Robson, G StrecJian. N 
P Davenport (sub: F Sfe- 

££L J0,S8n * 


The new crusaders are Busy days 
kings of their castle ahead for 

By Simon O’Hagan 

mally associated with Luton 
sides of the past, is now an 

I lit nn Town t esseotiaJ P® 1 * of foot* make-up, 

unon IOW11 1 and it needed to be against an 

EveitoiL. M ... M , M . HR .. M .„. 0 

Luton Town are football’s 
self-styled new crusaders— 
right down to the gospel choir 
which provided the pre-match 
entertainment on Saturday. And 
while the dub's message to 
visiting supporters is not to 
everybody's liking, nobody 
could deny them the right to 
make a song and dance about 
their progress on the field. 

Amid the welter of con- 
troversy surrounding Luton’s 
crowd-control measures the 
club’s playing record has been 
largely overlooked. Yet their 
achievements have been 
remarkable, particularly bearing 
in mind the injuries to Hill and 
Harford and the fact that at the 
end of last season they had to 
part with one of the best 
managers in the League: 

David Pleat's successor is 
John Moore, a man as taut as 
Pleat was expansive: Not 
surprisingly, the team has 
undergone a similar change of 
character, the effect of which is 
to make them just as successful, 
if not quite so attractive to 

Resilience, not a quality nor- 

Everton team who, with Steven 
back after injury, looked dose to 
the form that won them the tide 
two years ago. 

In a match in winch nobody 
bad much time on the hail, 
Everton were never quite able to 
sustain enough pressure to pro- 
duce cracks in the Luton de- 
fence. At best they created half- 
chances. Much of this may have 
had to do with the pitch — they 
have never won on an artificial ' 
surface and s e em to be develop- 
ing something of a complex 
about them. • 

While Everton ’s approach 
was to try to wear the opposition 
down, Luton were always look- 
ing for the one telling ball that 
would put a man in the dear. 
Generally Everton'* covering at 
the back was superb, but they 
were helpless to prevent Newell 
making the breakthrough a 
quarter of an hour from the end 
when he capitalized on Mark 
Stein’s sliced shot to send a 
looping header over Southall. 
LUTON TOWIfe L Seatoy; T Braackar. R 
Johnson. P Mchotas. S Foster. M 
Donaqhy, D McDonough, B Stein. M 
NewA M Stein. A Grimes. 

EVERTON: N Southed; 8 Stevens. N 
PoMon (sub: P WBWnson). K Rmedfte, D 
Watson, P Power. T Steven. A Heath, G 
Shup. k Hffper, K snaedy. 


Dorigo. A Evans, d dover. s statorod. s forgotten to pack his shoveL 
Hunt G Thompson, a Bray, s Hooge, a , Such was the interest that 

every seat had been sold and the 
gome was being televised live in 
Scandinavia. Unfamiliar adver- 
tisements for obscure saunas, 
the Viking line and the 
made legend ’Feed tuck 
enlivened the perimeter and 
once, when Biggins collided 
heavily with the boards, two 
dub officials raced out to restore 
them to their right camera- 
catching angle. 

Unfortunately, neither side 
managed to display anything 
like their complete range of 
skills and, instead of the fall 
smorgas bord, we were offered 
the footballing equivalent of 


By Chris Moore 

Leicester City. 
Oxford United. 

Newcastle upset trend 

While Newcastle United were 
propping np the first division in 
November the record books 
could have been little comfort. 
For the past three seasons, 
bottom in November has meant 
bottom at the end of the season. 
But Newcastle are not, it seems. 

By Dadd Powell 

cent goals in his time here but 
that was the best 1 have seen him 
score since I took over as 

Two of the dubs who were in 
mid-table when Newcastle fefl 
to the basement, but who have 
now been overtaken by them. 


Leicester can look forward to 
Christmas with a lot more 
comfort and cheer after hoisting 
themselves out of the bottom 
three at Filbert Street yesterday. 

A cfiinnjrtg strike from top 
scorer. Smith, set up their first 
win in 10 games to provide a 
timely change of fortune before 
the most de manding festive 
programme of alL 

In the space of eight days 
either side of Christmas, Leices- 
ter play Manchester United and 
Everton away, with a home 
game against League leaders 
Arsenal m between — surely a 
computer error. 

With that in mind, plus the 
paltry return of only two points 
from their previous nine games, 
winning was all that mattered 

As it was they won with style, 
treating their lowest crowd of 
the season, 8,480, to an often 
delightful exhibition of one 
touch football, which Oxford 
could never match on the frost 
covered ground. 

The main source of their 
inspiration was Scottish 
schemer Wilson, who after in- 
stigating the opening goal in the 
first half; fittingly pul the issue 
beyond doubt himself in the 
73rd minute. 

Oxford had been denied an 
early lead as Andrews arched 
backwards to palm Dreyer’s 
dipping free kick over the bar. 
But in the 38th minute Wilson 
s p ar ked a marauding five-man 
move which prized apart the 
visitors' defence for Smith to 

Ryvita and margarine. But there 
were also laslm^ * of effort, as 
many hopeful punts forward as 
you warned, and great dollops of 
spicy tackles. 

The Fjigh’shness of it aff was 
epitomized by some appalling 
finishing in a first half domi- 
nated by the home side. Three 
times Rosario found himself 
with only the goalkeeper to brat 
and on each occasion he reacted 
as if he had been passed a 
grenade with the pin out. 

Some idea of the pressure 
Arsenal were tinder can be 
gauged by the fret that soon 

after the interval their assistant 
manager, Theo Foley, was or- 
dered from the dugout and will 
be reported to the Football 
Association for foul language 
and an obscene gesture towards 
a linesman. But whatever Mr 
Foley had been saying, his not 
'saying it seemed to have a 
beneficial effect on his players 
because they immediately 
looked more businesslike. 

Ten minutes later Arsenal 
took the lead with a goal so 
simple it was almost primitive. 
Their goalkeeper, Lultic, booted 
the boll downfield and Butter- 
field find misjudged its path 
back to earth and then mused 
his clearance. However, his 
third attempt to deal with the 
situation — an unwise .trip on 
the much improved Q uinn — 
was adjudged successful by the 
referee and Hayes nonchalantly 
stroked in the penalty. 

BoL just when Arsenal 
seemed to have everything but- 
toned up. Drinkell ended a neat 
right-wing attack with an adroit 
equalizer 1 1 minutes from time: 
Yet the East Anglian side do not 
convince as championship chal- 
lengers: they obviously lade real 
confidence and the necessary 
'strength of playing staff. 

Arsenal, on the other hand, 
have something inevitable 
about them. They now lead the 
.first division by three points and 
are unbeaten for 14 matches. 

■NORWICH CITY: B Gum; l CUrerhousa. 
'A Spearing, s Bruce, M Phelan. I 
Buttarwonh. 1 Crook. K DrMcea. W 
Biggins. R Rosario. D Gordon. 

ARSENAL: J LrJtlc: V Anderson. K' 
Sansom, S WMams. D Oleary. A Adams. 
0 Rocasbe (sub: Q Caesar), P Osvto, N 
Quinn. P Groves, M Kayes. 

Referee: T MBs. 

By Vince Wright 

Young City slickers 
outpace West Ham 

By Steve Bates 

Manchester City - 3 

West Ham United 1 

going the way of Wolver- predictably contested a uuu ““*““** Happened against cny and they 

hampion Wanderers. Stoke City draw on Saturday. Queen's Park glonously sweep home his 10th gave ns a difficult afternoon 

. r.F . n ■ • . If n Athlart* tna nfthl>IKKfln L. . J . 

For the second time in a 
fortnight. West Ham found their 
championship credentials 
undermined by a struggling 
northern side anxious to escape 
the relegation zone. 

This time, Manchester City 
exploited United's current loss 
of direction to leave their man- 
ager, John Lyall. pinpointing a 
fundamental problem in the 
Hammers* failure both at New- 
castle and Maine Road. 

“During our success last year 
we played the ball quick and 
sharp,*’ observed LyalL “But 
lately, our build-up has been for 
too slow and deliberate. It 
happened against City and they 

and West Bromwich Albion. 

Their 3-2 victory at home to 
Nottingham Forest took their 
unbeaten run to seven matches 
and lifted them to fifteenth place 
in the table. 

Goddard repaid another size- 
able portion of his £415,000 
transfer fee by playing a part in 
all three goals against Forest, 
though the third will be remem- 
bered more for Beardsley run- 
ning half the length of the field 
10 make it 3-1. 

Willie McFaul commented: 
“He has scored some magrufi- 

Rangers and Chariton Athletic 
are now each without a win in 
seven games following their 
goalless encounter at Loftus 

The second division promo- 
tion race tightened up as none of 
the top four won (Oldham 
Athletic, the leaders, did not 
play) but most of the other dubs 
in the top half did. Leeds United 
were the most relieved to gain a 
victory after four defeats in five 
matches. They brat Brighton 
ami Hove Albion 3-1 at Blan d 

goal of the season. 

Wilson, after waltzing onto a 
return pass from Feetey. picked 
his spot for Leicester's second, 
with the industrious Scaly and 
substitute, Moran, wasting fur- 
ther dear cut chances late on. 

LEJCEsrat I Andrews; S 
Venus. R Osman. J OWeM, G 

MaucNen, A Featoy (sub: S Moran), A 
Smith. I Wlsait. T S*ri. 

QXFOf® UTtt S Hardwick: D Langan, B 
McDonald. J Trewttic, G Bring* (sub: 8 
Mcoennotq. J Drnor. R Hateem. J 
Aldridge. D Lenorthy. T Habosed, K 


because we struggled to compete 
with their pace.” 

City have certainly rediscov- 
ered their c u t tin g edge. The 
speed of wingers White, aged 18, 
and Simpson, 20, frequently left 
the United defence floundering, 
while the two central forwards, 
.Varadi and Moulden. created 
the necessary havoc to lift then- 
team off the foot of the first 

Jimmy Frizzell, the City man- 
ager. wore the look of a man 
reprieved from the gallows as 
his young side delivered the 

victory they have been threaten- 
ing for some time. 

“I thought White was superb. 
His end product is still a 
problem but he’ll learn,” said 


While White’s bounding enth- 
usiasm infected the rest of City’s 
Strike force, the key to West 
Ham’s downfall by with Mc- 
Carthy. A defender often at odds 
with the crowd for his ungainly 
style, be subdued MeAvennie 
and Cottee with commendable 

Apart from two isolated mo- 
ments at the beginning of e ac h 
half when first Devonshire 
tested Suckling with a fierce 
drive, and then when Martin 
salvaged a 46tb-minute equal- 
izer, City were in control. 

Varadi had already struck a 
post before White scored with a 
low drive after 19 minutes. With 
West Ham’s midfield anony- 
mous. GreaHsb and McNab 
probed constantly and it was no 
surprise when Varadi stooped 
for a 59th-mrnute goal. 

The loss ofGreatish foiled to 
disrupt City’s rhythm, and 
Varadi added a third goal four 
minutes from time. 

ffldman. C W teo n. K Clements, M 
McCarthy, A Grealish (sub: S Redmond), 
D Whi tt, N McNab. I Varadi PMoutaan, P 

WE§THAIIUNrrHOsP Part®* S Potto, G 
Parris. A Gete. A Martin. A Devonshire. M 
Ward, F McAvemto. P Inee. A Cottee. N 
OrrfsiO: A Dfcfcans). 

Referee: C SaeL 

Tottenham Hotspur 2 

Watford 1 

Marie Falco, Watford’s lead- 
ing marksman with eight i 
goals, scored against his old dub 
on an emotional return to White 
Hart Lane but despite this, he 
was more of a V illain than a 

Falco bad a great opportunity 
to save the game for Watford, 
and embarrass Tottenham, 
.when he was put through by 
Bardsley's long, incisive pass in 
the closing stages. He snatched 
at the chance, however, and the 
ball flew high over the bar. 

But it was Falco’s negligence 
at the other end which was to 
prove more costly. Gough, the 
player Falco was supposed to be 
marking when Tottenham took 
a short right-wing comer after 
42 minutes, was free to meet 
Huddle’s precise cross with a 
. firm, scoring header. That 

C — Gough’s first for Totten- 
— gave them a 2-0 interval 
lead and in the words of 
Watford's manager. Graham 
Taylor, “we had (oo big a 
mountain to climb.” 

It is to Watford’s credit that 
after being outplayed for much 
of the first half they came near 
to denying Tottenham victory. 
If Tottenham had continued m 
similar vein in the second half 
their display would have been 
outstanding, instead of merely 
encouraging. David Pleat, then- 
manager, admitted that one of 
their problems is that they find 
it- difficult to maintain a high 
level of performance for 90 

There had been glimpses of 
Hoddle's breathtaking skiD even 
before he opened Tottenham’s 
account in the eighth minute. 
His effort from outside the 
penalty area, after Waddle, Rob- 
erts and Clive Allen had set him 
up, was so sweetly struck that it 
made you wonder why he does 
not shoot on sight more often. 
Tottenham and England would 
surely benefit. 

During this period. Totten- 
ham attacked with style on all 
fronts, creating chances with 
almost contemptuous ease, 
whereas Watford looked dan- 
gerous only when Barnes had 
the balL However, the bier 
contribution of Sanies, particu- 
larly when Watford were press- 
ing for an equalizer near the end, 
was disappointing. 

In the second raff Tottenham 
stopped doing all the things that 
had made them effective earlier 
and Watford's persistence was 
rewarded by a goal after 70 
minutes. With his first touch, 
Smnott, substituting for Calla- 
ghan, delivered a wickedly ac- 
curate centre from the byline 
and Falco rose above a duster of 
defenders to head home at the 
for post In an exciting finish 
Clemence’s save from 
Richardson's volley and vigilant 
defending by Mabbmz and 
Gough kept Tottenham’s lead 

Thomas. M Thomas, G Roberts. R Gough. 
GMabbuttC Alton. P Aden. C Wadcfia, G 
Hoddta. A Galvin CUb: O Ardfes). 
WATFORD: A GOton; 0 Bardstoy. W 
Rpstron. K Richardson, S Terry. J 

By Nicholas Harling 

Plymouth Argyte 

Derby County 

The players in the Dr Pepper’s 
Devon Junior Minor League 
under-13 Asior Division have 
probably never had it so good or 
been watched by so many. The 
happy consequence of Plym- 
outh Argyle's revival brought a 
number of early arrivals to 
Home Park Ranking the pitch 
outside the main entrance and 
the boys rose to the occasion. 

Given the poverty of Argyle’s 
subsequent play in the first-half 
of the main event, those eager 
to catch a glimpse of the future 
talent at the dub’s disposal, 
might have been better off 
staying outside. 

For on the day that Argyle’s 
programme editor had unwisely 
chosen to indude an article 
criticizing the television com- 
panies for not featuring clubs 
such as tbemsdves in live 
games, it was debatable whether 
there was anything better on 
view inside the stadium than the 
shot thumped outside it from 20 
yards by the lad from Mayflower 
playing against Eggbuddand 

Thankfully for Argyfe and 
unfortunately for Derby, who 
deserved better, Plymouth's be- 
lated improvements, which 
were rewarded with a last 
minute equalizer from Tynan 
that maintained their interest in 
the promotion picture, sufficed 
to divert attention from the 
lively adolescent appetizer. 

With Derby also making a 
challenge to go up, the tension 

threatened to reduce the match 
as a spectacle. Tt was not helped 
by a referee overfond of his 
wbisile. not that Terry 
Holbrook could be blamed for 
booking Forsyth for his 
scythingiackle on Hodges, 
which was matched later by a 
gruesome Matthews challenge 
on Micklewhite. 

By then, moments before half- 
time, Micklewhite had driven 
Derby ahead from one of a host 
of chances created by Davison's 
selfless running. Since Gee, 
three times, and Harbey, twice, 
were to either miss the target or 
give Cherry the chance to sign 
against his old club, Arthur Cox, 
the Derby manager, could 
hardly be blamed for giving one 
of the shortest press conferences 
on record, even by bis succinct 
standards. “Well, we have only 
ourselves to blame for not 
winning the game,” was his 

His demeanour was in sharp 
contrast to that of Dave Smith, 
his opposite number, and even 
more frill of bonhomie than 
usual since Tynan, having 
scraped the bar with one header, 
was able to put his next one 
from a Matthews free (tick 
between the uprights. None of 
which could conceal the fact, as 
Smith acknowledged, that 
Derby had failed to capitalize on 
Plymouth's off day. “We were 
bad. 1 was disappointed,'' 

L Cooper. C Goodyear. A Burrows. J 
Matthews. K Hodges. R CoughSn. T 
Tynan. J Clayton. D Rowbotham (sub: O 

DERBY COUNTY: M WaKngton; M Sage. 
M Forsyth. G VWfloms. R Hndmarcri. R 
MaeLaren. G Mfcktewhite. P Gee. (sub: M 
LflNs). R Davison. J Gregory. G Harbey. 
Referee: THotaook. 

River Plate make clean 
sweep for Argentina 



River Plate. 

McCWttnd. N CaBnhan (sutx L Stamuft 
geo. K Jacfcatt, G Porter. 

J Barnes. M Falea 

: M Scott. 

Steaua Bucharest 0 

River Plate of Buenos Aires 
rounded the year off very nicely 
for Argentina with victory over 
Steaua Bucharest in the World 
Club cup final in Japan, even 
though the deciding goal was 
scored by a Uruguayan. 

It was not a pretty success at 
the National Stadium, based on 
a piece of very quick thinking 
and some outstanding defence. 
But it was enough to complete a 
dean sweep of major events for 
Argentina, the World Cup, the 
Copa Libertadores and this 
World Club title. 

The quick ih inking came 
-wben Alonso created an opening 
for Alzamendi after Fuses had 
been fouled. The forward was 
still going through the death 
throes routine when Alonso, an 
old head on old legs, immedi- 
ately drove the ball 30 yards to 
the Uruguayan winger, with 
Steaua still gathering their 
forces. His first-time shot hit the 
port but rebounded, via- the 
keeper, for an easy headed goal. 

The defence had plenty of 
opportunity to demonstrate its 
discipline and toughness 

throughout the long periods the 
Romanians pressed forward. 
Steaua ‘s best chance of success 
seemed to have disappeared at 
breakfast time when Ladislau 
Boloni. their midfield general 
with 94 international caps, 
foiled a fitness test on a thigh 
strain despite acupuncture treat- 
ment here and in Beijing. 

But despite his absence and 
that of the Seville hero, the* 
goalkeeper, Ducadam, they 
showed great skill in many 
areas, except finishing. Cer- 
tainly the younger players like 
Balint in midfield and 
Belodedici in defence showed 
real quality although Boloni 
summed it up differently. “We 
were too predictable and often 
too slow in midfield. They won 
the title, certainly, bat Ander- 
lecht were a better side when 
they beat us in the European 
Cup and Dynamo Kiev are a 
better side still." 

As for River Plate, they could 
afford to be more precise. “A 
good result, not a good 
performance," was the verdict 
of Bambino Veira, the coach. 

RIVER PLATE Rurnpido; Gutierrez. 
Montenegro. GortMo. GaUega Rugger). 
Abamana, Enrique, Funes. Alonso. 
Alfaro (sub: Sperancuo). 

SIEAUA BUCHAREST: SUngackn lovan. 
Barfauieecu (sub: Maseru). Bumbescu. 
Store, Belodedici, Laretus. Balan, 
P Wurca, Ba hnt Weteenbacher. 

RBH3SEE; J Marine (Uruguay). 

it division 

nVDIa 3 WneMstarlM 3 
n Town 1 Everton J 

dwsterCBy 3 West Ham Wd 1 
castle IM 3 Noutagham For 2 
richCBy 1 Arsenal 1 

0 Chareon 0 

bampton CowstryCNy P 

nham 2 Watfod" 1 

Madoa 3 SheflteMWed 0 



elan. Rush, Nicot 

al 1911 S 2 31 TO 38 

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not 1910 4 5 39 22 3* 

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19 7 8 4 3* 28 29 

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18 8 5 S 17 14 29 

19 9 1 9 28 22 28 

19 7 4 8 34 27 25 

« 6 6 7 22 24 

18 7 2 9 34 ® 2? 

19 5 6 8 23 M 21 

19 5 5 9 18 25 20 

Second dhrision 

( 0)0 
(0) 0 

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BoRsnWandre 3 

Notts County 


Smart, Node Gfebk»2 

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Sheffield LfcJ 

Grimsby Town 
Mfflwai , 
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S»ka City 

Hi* Oty 




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Brantinm Z Nflwnartat 2; aara* §, 

ThSSd o. Bt<ry4: 

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Sudbury 5. March 1. 

SUSSEX SENIOR cup: Second ttwnd 
S5SpartHeld 3. Eesttpume Town Z 

Sussex COUNTY 

Sfe 8 I 410 £ 4? 8 


3M LEAGUE frontier dMsiorc 
Si Z L AjWrnJ 
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2; Chatham 3, 


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Wigan Ath 
Bofton Wand's 
York City 
Bristol Revere 
Newport Coutiv 
Rotterdam Utd 
Port Veto 

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1911 4 4 
1910 4 5 
1810 3 5 
19 8 8 3 
19 9 4 6 

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19 611 
19 8 4 

18 8 3 

19 8 2 

19 7 
19 8 
19 6 
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19 6 

17 5 . 

19 311 
19 4 7 
19 5 410 
19 5 311 

18 4 5 9 
18 3 7 8 
17 4 4 9 

F A Pte 

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25 18 37 
36 21 34 
Z? 23 33 

33 19 32 

30 2b 31 

26 15 29 

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38 34 28 

28 22 27 

31 32 26 

29 38 25 
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24 Z7 23 

24 38 22 

22 25 21 
20 28 20 
26 30 19 

19 30 19 

20 32 18 

25 30 17 

21 26 18 
19 31 16 

Swansea City 
Southend Uffl 

Exeter City 

Preston N-End 
Lincoln City 
Colchester Utd 

I postpone* 
Hus*} » 

Arundel r-Wgrw* 8 - 


£ otinttfld 0" Ford 1. Bowers Pu npoi 

n rier dh risiogJSA e (WffiHitiQ g) 3, Han tey 

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1 : Fsrieigfi floeersl. A#h i; FrMey Green 
2. Maiden Town 3; Virginia Water 1. 
Mersttem 3: Westfield 5 Makten Vale. 
Postponed: Granleigh v GoUwn. 

Prew ar (tension: Bicaster 0. Morris 
Motors ft Fakford 1. Thame 1: Hounskw 
0. VMBfewford i; Mereton 1, Steftwood2: 
Pariiul sTRaynos Lane ft Sharpness 3. 
Juno® i; Supemerine 1, Y3te 

‘ ~i. Abingdon Untied 1. 

Rxnth eftvisron 

Constrctty 2 Aldershot 0 
- - ■ * rUW 0 Preston tt€od 2 
1 Torquay Utd 0 

1 TreonMseRvre 0 
. fUtd 0 W dsert u tpton 1 

Hereford Utd 2 Cembridgslhd 3 

UncotaCtey 4 Snsn essCtty O 

N wB sssp ton 2 Wrexham 2 

Orient 2 Bmtey 0 

Pr tnrbo ro ugb 2 HrifesTown 0 

Rodxtele 1 Scunthorpe Utd 1 

SotibendUU 0 Stockport 0 

1915 3 1 S3 24 48 
1910 5 4 29 20 35 
1810 4 4 31 17 34 

17 8 7 2 34 19 31 
19 7 9 3 25 15 30 

18 9. 3 6 27 23 30 

19 8 6 5 27 24 30 

19 8 5 6 32 29 29 

Woiwsilinmpton 19 8 2 9 IB 23 26 

CarcMCtty 18 6 7 6 20 21 25 

Scunthorpe Utd 10 6 6 S 30 27 24 

Peterborough 19 8 6 7 24 23 24 

TranmeraRvrs 19 6 6 7 26 27 24 

Aldershot 18 7 3 B 27 SO 24 

Orient 13 7 3 8 22 26 24 

Crews Atex 19 S 8 6 30 30 23 

CtefbrkteaUa IS 5 7 7 29 33 22 

Hereford UM 19 5 7 7 22 26 22 

ferity 19 6 4 9 20 29 22 

HaillepoolUtd 19 4 7 8 20 27 19 

tiafitacTown 19 5 311 21 -31 18 
Rodidata 17 2 9 6 16 23 15 

Torquay Utd 19 2 3 9 21 35 14 

Stockport 18 2 412 9 33 10 
PA VASfe Thkd roont Oro iteH a 1, 
CorWhan: Sefcy 2. RackweO Heaft 1; 
HejMckte Swtits 1. Steynteg 1; Cofier 
fipw2. Aina Swfflriey 1; Ponmt Bristol 1. 
Ctewdcn 2: Abingdon Town i, Tomngton 
1 (aoft ;WJntoT» Z Feteioutn ft Wtetfege 
0. OMGBor^ns2: ffengwfbrd 0 , DewBsh 
1; frnfton victoria Z Mirton 4; Seaton 
Dateval St 1, Eretev 1: Garfon) 3, Wert 
&StHBtens4,uyh e n8t iara Amflte»si: 
GuiselM 2, Remorih Mners VVbHare 4; 
Pent Rangers 1, Wisbech 1: Bridgnorth 
a towstone 4; WHnon 2, HNesowen 2 

te^Gratey Rovers 2. Hucknai Cohere 
Wattara 1: Tsnmrai i, Beldodc ft 
HawrM Horara 2, Utdeftantoton 0: 
Withem 2, HarrtMd ft WboAord 2. 
Btentrae 1; Vauchrt Motors ft Barton 
ftovers 0 taaft Warrington 2, Bonowasri 
Vkmite (k taetponete RoseendNe » 

; Horsliant v Harttord; Havant v 
v Newport H3W; 

»r — 

Scottish premier efivision 

1 HfcwmiiBi . 0 

n DksweelM 2 

5 StUbren 3 

7 HsmBton 0 

1 Cable 1 

Rangera . 4 FeSdrk 0 

Scottish first cBvision 



Forfar Aft 


Dundee Utd 





St barren 



Hbamian ' 



PW D L F A Pte 
2417 5 2 49 14 38 
2414 6 4 39 18 34 
2413 7 4 38 19 33 
2314 4 5 41 14 32 
2412 fl 4 36 17 32 
2410 5 9 37 32 25 
24 6 9 9 21 27 21 
24 6 812 21 36 18 
24 4 911 23 38 17 
24 4. 713 T9 43 IS 
24 4 515 IB 48 13 
23 1 517 17 53 7 








Queen of Sth 

3 BrechbiOty 
2 Posen otSte 
1 Donreredoe 

1 Ptebck 

2 Morton 
2 East FBb 

2414 5 5 36 21 
2413 4 7 39 27 
2411 5 8 44 33 
24 811 5 39 35 
2411 4 9 33 29 
24 9 510 35 30 
24 611 7 30 31 
24 7 9 8 33 35 

FerterAVi 24 7 8 fi 35 3B 

Parte* 24 7 8 9 32 35 

BrechhCity 24 7 314 27 47 

Montrose 24 5 514 21 43 

ifa q u b ft— d or rSvWon: Bourne 0. 




















Scottish second dhrision 

Ayr United 

VOT1 IKrtWl 



Raitti Rowers 
Afcior Rovers 
ABoa Athletic 
Ayr United 
Srt Johnstone 
Queen's Park 


LEAGUE: Rr*l dhMorr Boctfa 2, PenrRh 

ft EynestwryJJ, Lor^ BucWiy 3: St Moot's 0, 



4 ffeedowbaiik 4 

1 SmJolBstc— 1 

2 Queen’s Perk 2 

2 Arbroete ■ 2 

1 AMooRoven 0 

PW D L F A Pte 

16 8 9 1 40 23 25 
1810 4 4 35 18 24 
18 8 6 4 23 14 22 
1810 2 6 30 28 22 
1710 2 5 27 24 22 
18 9 4 5 29 27 22 
18 6 8 4 28 26 20 
18 6 6 8 24 20 18 
18 7 3 8 24 27 17 
18 4 8 6 26 29 16 

17 3 5 9 22 30 11 

18 S 510 17 31 11 

16 4 311 22 39 11 
18 1 710 18 31 9 

Cert* WooOon v 

Rret dhWeo; Chester la Street 0. Tow 
Lawft ConsatM, forth Bank 6; Crook 2. 
North Shews 1: Eashigton 2. Byth i; 
■Pewrtea 1, Bra ndo n 3; Rw ho o e 0, 
Kartlopoof ft Whitby 2. Bedfegton ft 
Wtstiey Bay 1, Gram ft Gluester 1 

dwriorc Amarsham Z Pennant 1: 
Beddon 0, WaJtoarn Abbey ft Damon 1, 
Ba aconsfleld ft UtysseS 2, Crown and 
Manor 2. Postponed: Baridngside v 
Northwood: Brimsdown Rovers v 
Yeatfng: Edgware v RedrtL Lane Cop: 
Sacona round: Sotehgate 1. Cormthten 
Casuals 3. 

Thames PoiytstfrB 0, Seantey Z 


1 . Haunds 2 . . _ 

Soencer v S and 

Bath ft Gateshead 1. Boston 3; (Odder- 
ntoster 5, Waablstone ft MeUstone 1, 
Banwt ft Northwich 1. Chattenhsm ft 
Nunttton ft Kettoteg ft acarixvoutei 2 , 
SttBord ft Sutton Untod ft W e ym ouoi 3; 
TeNord 0. Dagenham ft WeOig 3, 

ArsenaJ 4. OPR ft Norwich ft 
Chelsea 1; Southend 1 . fcatwas i- 
Tgttenham 5. Orient ft P o stpone d: Cam- 
hridQO United v tawrtch; RtSwnv west 
^tent; Ponsmotrih v fflttr^ham: Watford v 
Otertto n- Second cflvfaloir COfchastor 2. 
BMtol. RoYars 1; Luton 1, Tottenham 5; 
gM A Brighton ft Southampton 7, 
Brentford ft Swindon 4, Soirtiend 1 


Southampan 1 : Chelsea 6, Crystal Palace 
ft Wstfont 4, Raadtag 1; West Ham 3. 

Vauxhall-OpeJ League 
BStortfonl 8 WU hamel ow 0 

Bogaor P Harm P 

Bromley 0 Slough 0 

C»*l»«nn 4 Worthing 1 

Croydon 0 Tooting 2 

Femboreurt> 2 Ktoguonian 2 

Heyes 1 Yeowfl 3 

Wren 2 anting 2 

StAJbaa 4 Windsor 0 

Wotanghnn 1 Hendon 2 

Wycombe 4 Dulwich 1 

■tekME BasMon 3. tMembley 4: Bracfcneif 
3. Stevenage i : Hampton 1. Leyton 
yngate ji; Laathertiead 1. Grays 1; 
Oxford Ctty l, BNericay 3; Injury 1 . 
BMom arxfEwefi ft Walton and Hertiam 
ft Boreham Wood 4. Postponed: Rnrtetey 
v Lewes: Kingrtury v Maidenhead United: 
mwora v Souhwtak: Somes v 

neer dhteket Chtaponham ft Exmeuth ft 
Ctendown 5, Barnstaple ft Minehead ft 
Taunton o. PotiponetfcBttetord v Frame: 
Bristol cay V Weston Super Mara; 

Mefcstiam v Chant; Paiton v Ptymouto 
Argyte; Barista* v Bristol Manor ftrm. 


«y i. 


Hnt tOteid, second 
Caenwrtai2(e« 2-3); Buxton 1, 

3 (an CtaSy 3, Horadch 0 (ago 7-Ok 

3 Jpw 1-^SoUn 

SBa&tAsu# » 

mm± Stockton ft Gutebarough ft 

- - Sqpqy* W i Uri on north: Avetey 

0, Cheshem 1; Oapton 0, Ware 4: Hartow 
ftTring 1 ; HomclMKh ft Berkhemsted ft 
Ratatamft Hemal Hemgstead ft Royston 
ft WMwrtB) 3; Saffron Wafcton 3, 
Chfl8hunt ft Whrenhoe 1, Latchworth 2. 
Second Oviatan wulh: ChNtont St Pater 

1, FUastip Manor 3 , Martow ft Cambartsy 
1; Motaflay 2, Whytelerte ft NawCuiy 2, 
Feltham 1; PatareWta 0, Eastbourne 
(tatodl; Woking 5. Metropolitan Pofceft 
Postponed E^iam v Southall. 

WWtAM Oft First round: Swelwrt 1. 
Newton AycMe 5. 

WESffiX ^AGUE: Bournemouth 1, 
fJWfefl ft BrockanTOrst 4, Ronaey 1. 
f^^hl. Rood Sea ft Portsmouth RN 

SOJOOL& Altayn’s. Dtewlch a, South 

Santorai ft CMtonwHa 3, Gtenavon 1; 
Coiwalne^ft Baihmsm ft Lame ft 
BWfiwy ft Lurfiskf 2. Ards ft Newry ft 

Coisaders 1; Portadown ft Carrick ft 






T- ' 


i- • 














New York miss final for first time in 135 years 


From Keith Wheatley 

Dennis Conner is 
^7 out of the America's 

7 ■■■ Cnp-so, for the 
.. v'j'first time in 135 
years, the New York 
Yacht Chib will not 
be involved in the 
final round of the most famous 
trophy in yachting. 

Conner created a S20 million 
syndicate pledged to return the cup 
to New York, where it had rested 
from 1851 until the Australians 
won it three years ago. He was 
favourite to keep that promise when 
the elimination trials began ten 
weeks ago, bat now he has failed to 
reach even the semi-finals to deride 
the challenger. 

For the (hail time since October 
the upstarts from Auckland yes- 
terday beat America D, skippered 
by John Kolias. This time it meant 
the end. America n lies fifth in the 
points table and cannot return. 

America If fed for the first five 
legs of a race, started late in shifty, 
fluking breezes. Half way op the 
third work to windward, the Kiwis 

struck with the brutality of a 
megger n si ng an iron bar. Chris 
Dickson crossed from port and 
passed for the first time in the race 
ahead of the bow of America n. 
Disdainfully he declined to cover 

the American boat, sailing off in the 

freshening breeze. Clearly, Dick- 
son had the pace to take the lead. 

A contributory factor conld have 
been a rig problem aboard America 
H. On the downwind, leg, she had a 
crewman aloft working on the pert 
checkstay and upwind may have 
been obliged to favomr one tack at 
the expense of another. 

America IPs loss means that the 
four semi-finalists for the Louis 
Vnhton Cup are: New Z eal a n d , 
Stars and Stripes, French Kiss and 
USA. America II is fifth and White 
Crnsader, of Britain, sixth. A 
month ago, both these fast two were 
regarded as virtual certainties for 
the fmai four, while French Kiss 
and USA looked nnreliaWe each- 
way bets. 

way bets. 

The race between those two boats 
was also a cliff -hang er in the early 
stages. French Kiss won die start 
and led handsomely op the first leg. 
Thereafter the fired-np Tom Black- 

alter took charge, his boat soaring 
away as the breeze freshened. 

After his vital win over America 
II on Saturday,. Blackaller had 
hem profoundly sceptical abort the 
outcome of the New Zealand v 
America II rare. He said the New 
Zealanders would prefer to lose 
because it increased the likelihood 
of America H coming fourth and 
meeting them in the semi-final — a 
soft option from then* point of view, 
compared with the improving USA. 

BlackaUer, a braggart with 
charm and talent, put his money 
where his considerable month is 
and offered Michael Fay, chairman 
of the New Zealand syndicate, a 
$5,000 bet that the Kiwis would 
lose die ‘Big Race.’ Fay never 
accepted, but Colin Reynolds, 
chairman and chief executive of the 
Chase Corporation, one of New 
Zealand's top five companies, ac- 
cepted on his behalf and is now that 
much richer. He was also prudent 
enough to translate the bet to US 

Easterly winds prevailed and the 
race was postponed nearly two 
hours and started into 12 knots. 
The start was dead equal after pre- 

start manoeuvres that were des- 
ultory rather than truly aggressive. 

At the top mark, having picked 
shifts and lifts very well, Kotins was 
22sec in front At the bottom mark, 
the margin had increased to over a 
minute and America ITs boat speed 
was appreciably higher. Cynicism 

among the Blackaller s up porters 
readied new highs. 

By the second beat, the breeze 
had swung 200 degrees and had 
dropped to eight knots. It was a leg 
when Dickson picked the lifts 
perfectly, mostly on the right of a 
coarse that was calm as a mirror. 

America H is the third boat from caught 
the boart of Sparkman and Stereos ^n^Stal bL Kook*- 

adrift of the New York boat 
Nothing changed much down the 
two reaches, America H stretching 
a second or two but fighting with rig 
problems. The breeze freshened 
ami steadied the whole time. On the 
third leg, It was 16 knots and New 
Zealand vras begmning to come on 
song. Kotins simply did not have 
the speed to bold off the New 
Zealanders. It prompted one to 
consider what a superb job he has 
done up until now, tedding off the 
opposition with a very average 
piece of work under his feet 

chief designer Bill Langan. Within 
the syndicate, ft has been an article 
of faith that there would be no 
breakthrough boat m this cup. 
Given that premise, the in n ate 
conservatism of the Langan designs 
was thought not to matter - pos- 
sibly they would even be an asset 
a gainst forward-rudder cowboys 
from Csfflontm. 

In keels they did make a break- 
through. Over a year ago, Langan 
a»d his team came up with the 

3.(j ^ monsters that work 

so well off Fremantle. But in the 
intervening year, espionage, pins 
the clear bine seas off Fremantle, 
made the concept available and 
most major challengers and defend- 
ers now sport similar appendages. 

Knlmc and John Bertrand, his 
tactician, are among the best 
match-racers fling in Fremantle. 
Their defeat makes flesh the 

On the Defender course. Kooka- 
burra II handed out a five-nrinote 
defeat to Australia IV. It was a 
sound victory, brt not the drubbing 
it appeared since Anstralia IV was 

minutes on the final beat. Kooka- 
burra HI defeated Steak *n kidney, 
but once more it was narrow. 

The sooner 
the end 
conies the 

4:11; r II W ChaDanga Franca [scrj. 

woo Lost Pts 

New Zealand IV 32 1 

SBrea fldSWpw X ,5$ 

French KiSS — §£ ’2 3S 

American — £5 ® Ilf 

Canada B — -- J5 ^ 5 

Haartot America « M 3 

Azarra M . .. ■ ■ 4 29 23 

Challenge Franca, withdrawa 


V Now 7 «te «w l - Cyrcy ta Q V HSSTt Of America, 

lata v French Kse America ill t ' 

France: Azxurra v Eagle: White Crusadsrv Stars 
ana Snipes. 

DS-bNUER SERIES: Kookaburra n bt Australia 
IV. 5nun iQsec Kookaburra III W Steak n 
KWnay 2 min Sasec. 


Woo Lost Pta 

Kookaburra BI 25 £ 

AustrafiaiV « 8 « 

Kookaburra n 1? 12 34 

SJaak -n' Kkiney 3 26 12 



Edberg and Jarryd save 
their best until last 

Stefan Edberg and Anders 
Jarryd, runners-up for the 
French championship, have 
won the Nabisco Masters 
Doubles twice in the same 
year. They triumphed in New 
York last January and the 
event was then merged with 
the annual doubles at Lon- 
don's Royal Albert HalL 
where Edberg and Jarryd beat 
Guy Forget and Jan nick Noah 
6-3, 7-6, 6-3 in yesterday's 

During this year's grand 
prix doubles senes, including 
year-end bonuses, Edberg has 
won about £76,000 and Jarryd 
£67.000. Both figures put to- 
gether come nowhere near 
Forget’s total of roughly 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

lens raance was all the more puppy at play (just watch out 

for the teeth). The tall, pate. 

raance was all the more 
gratifying because Jarryd, 
since Wimbledon, has had two 
operations on his left knee. 
Only in the past month has he 
subjected his knee to rigorous 
tests on court 
After the final, Jarryd said 
he was in a relaxed frame of 
mind for this tournament He 
was not expecting a lot and 
merely tried to ao his best 
That turned out to be very 
good indeed. "This was one of 
die best matches we have ever 
played together." he said. 
“They didn't really have a 
chance to break us.” Edberg 
conceded only 10 points in 
nine service games. 

Noah is a delightful athlete 

£232,000. because the French- and entertainer who likes to 
man was top of the grand prix frave fun. Yesterday it was 

points standings and therefore 
qualified for a bonus not far 
short of the amount he won in 

evident that he was having to 
make an effort to keep bis 
spirits up. It might have been 

inscrutable Edberg — a Hamlet 
without words — was so 
gracefully good when serving, 
or when (farting this way and 
that at the net tike a guD 
swooping on ifa prey, that one 
wondered how any man who 
looks so sleepy can be so 
effectively vioienL 
The Swedes were more 
consistent with their returns, 
more subtle and assured in 
their use of the angles. The 
Frenchmen joined them, 
rather less efficiently, in lat- 
eral rallies played within two 
or three yards of the net At 
such delectable moments the 
sound of ball on racket was no 
more than a murmur. All the 
capacity crowd needed — but 
did not get - was a closer 

RESULTS: Ptay-ott for fiflh pin: C 

. ‘ j .• . * |SCKt»VUUI£t; * 

^ .. ' ■ ■ lion of aihle 

‘ -.V. - = r Dr Mike 

' • ; •* ,! • v« .. ■ surer. musi I 

‘ .7 ■ . ./ : < ■ ■ ; ; clarity of h: 

V - * ;f '- iV' accounts, in 


•-J * • .• f '.f • iSufLr- rl situation 


v - 

■ 'V. 

S'. <■»*,' -v ‘ 

- fc 

l aV;.- ;•••-. 

^ v v) -a 

prize-money. All those figures easier if Forget’s good serving 

concern doubles alone. 
Edberg and Jarryd 

Steyn and O Visur ISA) tot S Carol and E 
Sanchez (Sol 7-G, 33- Ptorrirtf for 
seventh plan: J Nystrom and MWBander 
(Swe) wfoHGadfflneteter (C Me) and A 
Gomez (Eel, scr. S*mi Hate Y Noah and 
G Forgot (ft] bt J Rtzgorald (Aus) and T 
SmW fcz). 6-2. 6-4. FfiTs Edberg and A 
Jarred (Swe) M G DoooeBy and M 
DePabner (US), 7-6. 3*. 7-6. M. Ftafe 
Edberg and Jaiiyd M Noah and Forget 6- 
& 7-0,64. 

had been matched by the rest 
of his game. 

The Swedes differed more 

proved every day, whereas the The Swedes differed more 
Frenchmen were going off the than Swedes usually do. 

boil by the time they reached Jarryd is stringy and restlessly 
the finaL The Swedes' perfor- aggressive — rather like a large. 

Sevan, who had an outstanding game in Devon's goal, thwarts Worcestershire’s Chandhiy (Photograph; Hugh Ro&tiedge) 

Third win for young master 

Knott in the nick of time 

By Sydney Frisian 

From a Special Correspondent, Stnttgart 

Boris Becker, of West Ger- 
many, won his third consecutive 
Waterford Crystal Young Mas- 
ters title yesterday when he 
defeated Jonas B Svensson, of 
Sweden, in the best of five sets 
final, 7-6, 7-6, 6-3. 

Becker, ranked No. 2 in the 
world, collected $30,000 
(£21.130) for the win and re- 
ceived the trophy from the 
Stuttgart mayor, Manfred Rom- 
mel son of the famous World 
War II general. 

Svensson. ranked No. 23, re- 
ceived $20,000 as runner-up. 

Becker confessed he was ner- 
vous before the match. He was 
beaten by Mel Purcell in the first 
round of a tournament in 
Hamburg last September, the 
last time he played in Germany. 
"I wanted to finish the year with 
a win in my own country," he 

Becker used bis powerful 
serve to dominate the two tie- 
breaks, although he won the first 
one more narrowly, by seven 
points to five, using his patented 
dive volley. 

Svensson began to struggle 

late in the second set, and the 
tie-break went to Becker more 
easily, by seven points to one. 

The West German took com- 
mand in the third set, racing to a 
5-1 lead, before the Swede saved 
two match points against his 
own serve in the seventh game. 
Svensson went on to break 
Becker and bring the score back 
to 5-3. 

Becker broke Svensson for the 
match in the next game as the 
Swede hit a back-hand deep off 
Becker’s return. 

The match was played before 
a capacity crowd of 8.000 that 
included Becker's parents, his 
coach, Gunther Bosch, his man- 
ager, Ion Tiriac. and his 
girlfriend, Benedicte. 

Becker hinted, however, that 
his entourage may decrease next 

*Tve been around the world 
quite a bit and I'm not \5 or 16 
any more,” said Becker, aged 19. 
“Bosch and Tiriac will still be 
with me next year, but in a lesser 
capacity.” Becker denied there 
were any major disagreements. 

Becker was impressed with 

Svensson'^ performance. “I ex- 
pea him to be in the top ten 
next year,” he said. 

The Swede made a personal 
breakthrough by reaching the 
Wembley final last month, los- 

Worcestershire — 

last month, los- 

(after extra-time; score after 70 
minutes 1-1) 

A goal by David Knott, from 
a cleverly worked short comer 

ing there to Yannick Noah of I three minutes from the end of 

France in five sets. 

‘ “That was the big turning 
point for me,” Svensson said. 
“Now I know if I play weU, I can 
beat the top guys. Today Becker 
served too well He can always 
serve well when he needs to. It’s 
very irritating." 

Becker was sentimental about 
the Young Master’s treble. “Af- 
ter afl, this is where it all began, 
against Stefan Edberg," he said. 

Becker has beaten Swedes in 
all three Young Masters finals. 
After Edberg in January 1985, it 
was Mats Wifander a year later. 
But the Edberg match was when 
Becker first emerged as a star 

Pundits at the time suspected 
he might be good some day. Six 
months later, be had won 

RESW.TS: SemMtnal*: B Becker (WG) U 
E Jaten (WGJ. 64, 6-4: J Svensson (Swvi 
M K Cartsson (8w©) 60. S4. FtoBfc Bedwr 
U Svensson 7-6. 7-6. 6-3. 

extra time, enabled Worcester- 
shire to beat Devon at Wiliesden 
in the final yesterday and regain 
the county championship they 
had won two seasons ago. 

This was a more entertaining 
match than the two semi-finals 
on Saturday but, whereas the 
approach work of both sides was 
commendable, the finishing was 
appalling. Worcestershire, after 
taking an early lead, threw away 
three easy chances late in the 
first-half. They lost their way 
midway through the second, 
yielded to mounting pressure by 
Devon and came back strongly 
towards the end of normal time. 
Devon, after equalizing, could 
themselves have snatched the 

The combined efforts of 
Mallettand Maskery, so marked 
a feature of Worcestershire's 2-0 
victory over Cheshire the pre- 

vious day, were much in ev- 
idence again in the fourth 
minute yesterday with Mailett 
setting up a chance for Maskery 
to swerve past the advancing 
goalkeeper and score. 

The response from Devon 
was to force four short comers 
and, from two of them. Steve 
Taylor in the Worcestershire 
goal made good saves from 
Roger Shobrook and Graham 
Skinner. Bevan, the Devon goal- 
keeper, who had an outstanding 
game, saved well from 
Chaudhry two minutes before 
half-time, bm he was lucky a 
little earlier when a shot by 
Maskery from Mallett's back 
pass went adrift 

Devon, who began the sec- 
ond-half with an abortive short 
corner, pushed up their 
workrate and drew level in the 
16th minute of this period, 
Robert Skinner scoring from 
Roger Sho brook's square pass. 
Five minutes later, Graham 
Skinner miscued from five 
yards out and this proved too 
costly a lapse. 

wide of an open goaL Worcester- 
shire. thus basing regained the 
initiative, held ft until the end of 
normal rime. They were de- 
prived of a goal in the first 
period of extra rimewhen Bevan 
made a brilliant save from 
Knott at a short comer. Bat 
Knott had his moment of glory 
later when he drove a hard shot 
past Bevan from Mallett's in- 
cisive pass. 




Staffordshire won the Nat- 
ional Women’s County Cham- 

W0RCE5TERSMRE S Taylor (Star- 
port): D Knott (Stourportt 6 Lamb 
{Stooport. N Qaudhry (Pickwick). W 
Sedgwick (Bournvilla). M Evans 
rStourport), P Marshafl (BoomvaeK N 
Maflstt (Boumvflte). C Madcoy (Stough). K 

r-aj union 

site Q Ogle. Worcester). 

DEVON: A Bevan (Gloucester CU 
Shobrook (Plymouth, sutr N Bower. 

Vale). R Shobrook (Plymouth). P Cooper 
jPlymaoth). R Skinner (teca). M Rodgers 

Umpires: J Anderson (Midland Counties), 
M Martin (Southern Counties) 

• In Saturday's semi-finals, 
Mailea and Maskery scored a 
goal in each- half to give 

There was an -equal show of Worcestershire their 2-0 victory 

self-condemnation at the other 

end when Chaudhry. 
Worcestershire's hard-working 
right hal£ pul a shot horribly 

over Cheshire. A goal by Robert 
Skinner in the 20th minute of 
the first-half was sufficient to 
give Devon a 1 -0 win over Kent. 

head writes). Jane Swmoerton 
scored from a penalty stroke in 
the first half when Staffordshire 
were dominant. Their goal had a 
charmed life in the second half 
but the defence stood firm and 
with 100 per cent concentration 
they kept their goal intact 
Staffordshire fast won the 
championship in 1981. 

- In the cross-over matches, 
Suffolk beat Avon for fifth and 
sixth places respectively, in an 
unexciting game. The South 
derby, for third and fourth 
places, between Middlesex and 
Berkshire, was settled in 
Middlesex's favour with a goal 
by Anne Green. 

FMAL PLACMG& 1. Staffords!*®: 2. 
Lancashire: 3. Mkktesax; 4. Berkshire; 5. 
Suffolk; 6. Avon. 

RESULTS: Smuntey. Staffordshire 4. 
MkkSessx 1; Berkshire 5, Suffolk i; 
MUdtesax 2. Avon 1; Lancashke 2. 
Berkshire 0; Staffordshire 0. Avon 0: 
Lancashire 1. Suffolk 1. Sunday: Suffolk 
Z Avon 1; Middlesex 1, Berkshire 1; 
S ta f fo rdsh i re 1, Lancashire 1. 


Britons in 
hit and 
miss form 




From Roy Moor 

Adrian Moorhouse, so keen to- 
establish himself the undisputed 
number one breaststroke swim- 
mer in the world, had another 
sharp reminder in the European 
Cup tournament here on Sun- 
day that there is much hard 
work ahead. 

As over the 100 metres the 
previous day, Britain's Euro- 
pean and Commonwealth 
champion from Leeds was again 
forced to finish third-best in the 
200 metres breaststroke final 

Three Italians atone 
for downhill defeat 

Led by Ricbard Promotion. 
Italy's men skiers made a clean 
sweep of the World Cup giant 
slalom on home ground at La 
Villa yesterday the day after 
their top downhill runner, Mi- 
chael Mair, bad had victory 
snatched from him at Val 
Gardena by Bob Boyd, of 

Pirmin Zurbriggen, of 
Switzerland, held on to his 
overall World Cup lead despite 
falling at La Villa. 

For Pramonon. 22, from 
Courmaycur, it was his second 
consecutive giant slalom win 
and moved him into third place 
in the overall World Cup con- 
test But it was a victory 
narrowly achieved for his team 
colleagues. Alberto Tomba and 
Oswald Toelsch finished just 
0.23sec and 0 J8sec behind him. 

On Saturday, the home hope 
Mair missed victory by 0.14sec 
in the downhill. The unheralded 
Boyd, who is 20, silenced the 
prematurely celebrating Italian 
spectators by hurtling down the 
icy course in 2 min 01.7sec. 

Wigan and 
Widnes win 




yesterday. This time, the Soviet 
Union's Valeriy Lorik took the 
ride in 2min 13.59sec, with Ihe 
West German Ben Goebel edg- 
ing Moorhouse out of second 
place by seven hundredths of a 
second, with 2:14.47. 

Kevin Boyd, the powerful 6fi 
5 in South Tyneside medical 
student, was again in British 
record-breaking form on Sun* 
day in winning his way through 
to the final of the 200 metres 
freestyle in I min 48.76sec. This 
lowered Phil Hubble’s three- 
year-old national mark by a full 
second, and he was only a shade 
slower in taking sixth place in 
the final. 

Missing the 400 metres title 
on Saturday by a three hun- 
dredths of a second taught him 
an important lesson that be 
must keep an eye on all around . , 
him. It was in concentrating on 
the challenge from the third- 
placed Swede, Anders Hol- 
mCTtz, that allowed Zoltan 
Mlagyi of Hungary to snatch 
the victory. 

The extent of Boyd's progress 
was .shown when he set the new 
British record for the event in 
tne heats, at 3min 46.8sec. 

Caronfljr). 4&62 sac; 200m 

(UfSRj.„ 1 ^7-66. 100m 

_ 3). 1.-01 .83. 200n butter- 

1. V Yaroscfu* (USSRl. i Sfino- A T 

• ^ c ^ 

■is • 

Bv Pat Bufc&er 
Athletics Correspondent 

The demise of the British 
Amateur Athletic Board, to be 
subsumed within the new 
United K.inS < ^ 0^, Athletic 
Federation, cannot come soon 
enough on the evidence of 
yesterday's annual general 

m TCeoreiically on the crest of a 
wave of success following the 
eight gold medals in the Euro- 
pttin Championships in Siutt- 
«n.and with the indoor season 
barely a month away, the Board 
have yet to find an opponent for 
the international 31 Cosford on 
January 31. a meeting that is 
due to be televised. 

It was also revealed thau 

although £ 100.000 creamed off 
the top of the television and 
marketing contract anda direct 
contribution of £60.000 from 
the Amateur Athletic Associ- 
ation . had turned a potential 
“massive deficit of £l47.0(Xr 
into a small surplus of £9,000 for 
the period ended September 30, . 
the situation would have been 
even sicker if the board bad not 
“earned” £ 100.000 as. its 
percentage from the administra- 
tion of athletes' subventions. 

Dr Mike Turner, the trea- 
surer. must be applauded for the 
clarity of his exposition of the 
accounts, in contrast to former 
incumbents of the post, and his 
candour in admitting that the 
situation was far from 
favourable, despite the huge 
amounts that were coming in to 
the sport. 

The general attitude is that, 
despite recent grants, not 
enough money is being allocated 
to developing the grass roots of 
the sport, a point which Phil 
Johnson, chairman of the Eng- 
lish southern counties, rook up 
when be referred to the £8.000 
for administrating five area 
coaches as “a niggly sum com- 
pared to the amount of work 
being done”. 

The board's policy of pre- 
selection for 1987 events, to be 
announced later this week is 
generally sound. Linford Chris- 
tie. Yvonne Murray and Geoff 
Parsons, gold, silver and bronze 
medal winners respectively at 
fast year’s European Indoor 
Championships, are likely to be 
nominated in advance for 
Uevin. Northern France, on 
February 21-22, as is Todd 
Bennett, former holder of the 
indoor 400 metres world best, 
and Colin Jackson, world junior 
high hurdles champion. 

But the pre-selection for the 
second IAAF World Champion- 
ships in Rome in August is 
bound to attract criticism. The 
seven individual title holders 
from Stuttgart are being pro- 
posed for pre-selection, when 
Sebastian Coe has made it quite 
dear that his championship 
career at 800 metres is over. 

And how could Sieve Ovett 
and Tessa Sanderson be ignored 
when the athletes they beat to 
win their Commonwealth titles. 
Jack Buckner and Fatima 
Whitbread, went on. in their 
absence, to win in Stuttgart? 

*&T ■ -- 

Pittsburgh Sraotox 45, New Ycfk Jots 24; 
Denver Broncos 3T. Washington Redskins 3a 


Boyd, a second group starter, 

and in the three previous down- Keith Macfcfrn 

hills this year lagging between The former administrative 
40tb and 49th places, county -of Lancashire will go 
said:“Nobody is more surprised into the semi-finals of the John 
than me”. Player Special Trophy in W 

GIANT SLALOM: (La v*** i. -R formation. The three clubs who 
Ika Sa”? exisl within a small radius of 
other, Warrington, .Widnes 

rswicL 2:45.72 s. RErtBchar(H.2:4sao; and Wigan, all qualified m 

UNPED STATES: National AseocMon 
(NBA): Oamrtt Pfetons 119. Lrxs Mum 
Lakers I M: Ctorafentf CawiSars 1231 FtS- 
detptia 76ers 120; Boston Cattcs 105, 
W&snngton BUMS 98; AOantt Hswka 122, 
New Yak KNcks 110: Incfona Pacta 95. New 

BOCA RATON, Florida: Cteytfer PGA bnrte- 
tion teem tournament ThW mead tandem 
Ml US): 185: M Hubert and R Tway. 188: B 
Faxon end 0 Heptar. 199: G Hteberg and S 

Hoeft 18» C Rose aid T * 

Undsey and M McCunber. .»u u njniwi 
and A North, D Brtgss and L RMcar. J 
Mddaus and J Nekteus Jnr. 1S2 J Adams 
and B B^m, J MuOd and M OGraOy. R 
QWarand J Inman, O Bair VKt R Eastwood. 
193: C Boling and B FabaL R Owner and G 

raaoNs: At Kofu: Asia 5. Ewope *. J Panakv 
btAhn Jae4iyuno(SKoraal2T-10, 2l-1{* 


■Z—t i\i . i ir. - 

l C . - l _J a" 

(5 Korea) WZ Kristen (Hun) 
avttn bt Aim 21-18. 2*22; 

BaMke at 

. J Garsweo (Bracknell 41 mm 22 sac; 
2. E Cunningham lAidwWmt) 4133; 3. S 
Bufler (Heading) 41.C. Tmbb 1 Bracfaiel 58 
5-2 Raadmg 72. 3 Windsor 78. - 

m iss : T S Samy (Brackn 
sac. 2 U Samy (BraOcnoT] 23 

21-16. 25-23: . 

Yoo bt Panskv 2*-22. 21-19: MhrszsM bt 
Krmon 21-13. 17-21. 21-17: Seovun bt Yoo 
21-16. 21 -IB; Ahn bt Knwm 1W1, 21-191 21- 
13: Myazakf bt Pansfcy 21-J6, 21-15. At 
Kira BontAu (N Korea) bt L 

wum. Jmr Deftyo Open towMmanfc 
BnN acores: (Japan unless stated): 277: T 
Ozald. K Arab 278: 1 Aofci, M Kuramora; 279: S 
KaraOtaUh Mrvnan (Taiwan* 280: A 
K Takatestt; 281: H Uestoal Y 

mm 21-18, 21-18; Tang Yl 

i t&ne). 21-16, 21-15; Yang J 

[ M AfDGigmn (Swoi, 18*. 21-18, 

(Swtcr). 2:46.72: 8. R Bfachar (la. 24630; 
7. F Wflrndl (WG). 2*WJ7; I H Eon 
(Austria). 2346^:9 equal, M Eder (WG) 
and B -Gstteln (Austria), 2M.7& 11. H 
stuflor (WG), 2:47.04: 12, Y Tavernier (ft), 
2:47.22; 13, M Tonazzi (M. 247^3; 14. J 
Schick (WGL X47.6&: IS M Wasmetar 

ScMck (WG). 2^47^9; 15 M Wa 
(WG|. 2A7& 1. 

DOWWtiLU Val Gardena: 1, B 

(Can), 2mn 01.76sae: Z M Mair r _. 
Ml 30: 3. M Wasnwtr(WG). 2.1J137: 4, F 
Heinzer (Switz), 202^6; 5, P Muler 
(Swfe). Z0ZS7: 6. P Zurbriggen (9*ritz). 
21)2.69; 7. B Stemmte (CanCS)2.70T 8, H 
Hoflehnar (Austria).- ZVZBS: 9. S 
Nledersaer (Austria). 2riBL96; 10 equal. C 
Caifiomen (SwitzL A Sk33nfof (Marl and L 
Stock (Austria). 2:03.09; 13. P 
Wirnsbergar (Ausbia). 2D3.13; 14, N 
Henning (Sire). 2.-0323: 1 5. S WWgru&er 
(WG). &Q25. British: 22. M 8e«.^3.66: 
66. N Smith, 206.53: 75. R Dincan. 

Oml World Cap a t amti na a: 1. 
Zurtirtggen. 65 pkX Wasmefer. 78; 3, 
Pramonon. 73; 4. MuUsr. 62; S, Hemzer. 
51: 6, Stock, 43; 7. Erfadw. 38; B. 
Stenmark. 37; 9. Mar. 35\ 10. k AUger 
(Sattq. 34: 11. M GirardoU (Luc), 33. 

Walliser’s weekend 

Maria Walliser. Switzerland's 
World Cup Alpine champion, 
completed a profitable weekend 
by yesterday winning the first 
super giant slalom of the 
women's season at Vai dVsere— 
and her first ever — after her 
second places in the downhills 
on Friday and Saturday. 

A clean sweep by the Swiss 
women was foiled by the in- 
form Catherine Quittet of 
France, who got in from of 
Vreiti Schneider and Michela 
Figini. Saturday’s downhill win- 
ner, Laurie Graham, of Canada, 
was well out of the running, 
placed only 27th of 85 starters. 

It was (he ( 2th win of 
Walliser's World Cup career 

and thrust her well clear in the 
overall World Cup standings. 

SUPER GIANT SLALOM: VH dlstira: 1 . M 

123J7: 4, M Bghf (Switz) 1:239* 5, M 
Gwg (WG) 1 :24.ifl; 6. B Octoa-Femgndez 
(Sp) 124.3$; 7. A Wactitor (Austria) 
12459: 8. B Eder (Atstria) 134.85; -9 C 

(WG] 125.14; 13. A-F Ray (Fr) 125.19; 
-14 T PAigar (US) and M Mogora (Fr) 
12520 ^ 

DOWNHLU Vte cftoAra: 1. L Graham 

and Wigan, all qualified in 
yesterday’s quarter-finals, 
though all had to fight hard. 

St Helens and Warrington 
produced a magnificent game of 
cup tie Rugby League at 
Knowsley Road, and in a thrill- 
ing finish. Warrington scored 
two fate tries and held out 
against strong Saints’ pressure. 

In a see-saw game punctuated 
by brutal tackling and superb 
handling , Warrington led 14-3 
at half-time, with tries made by 
the inspiring Boyd for Johnson 
and Ropati and two goals and 
two dropped goals from Bishop- 
In reply, Hafljwcfl scored a try 
and Ledger kicked two goals. In 
the second half, tries from 
Haiti well and Haggerty, and a 
goal front Ledger gave St Helens 
the lead at 20-14. but tries from 
Forster and Meadows, gave 
Warrington the edge at 22-20. 

Wigan had to fight all the way 
against Leigh tackling and had 
to be content with a 6-2 win. 
Ham ley- scored the only try. 

Widnes endured a Barrow 
second-half revival before a late 
try by McKenzie gave them a 
16-6 margin.' and Garry Scho- 
field scored a treble as Hull beat 
Bradford Northern 20-8. 

ier*»ta: Sate*** Bradford Ncrtfom 8. 

starc BCP London 104 (Retorts 301 Satan 
Stars 88 (Marsh 26): Horaespare Bofcon 94 
41). Cafctartrfe Expkxan 81 (Blunt 


zi-iB: Kuenarew w Tana, 21-17, zi-ib; 
Appetaren M Kkn. 21-16. 1621. 21-17: Yang 
M Un&i. 19-21. 21-11. 21-12: Appekjren ta 
Torn, 21-18. 21-23, 34-22: KudmUft Yb 
21 -fr. 21-12; Kkn tx Undh, 21-ia 21-1 
Woteento teteAK At CDte Asia 5. r 
Jiao Zhfcrtn (CtWia) bt M Hrachova 
17, 21-15; SGrtftorgfRn) 

23-21. 9-21. 21-19: U Bun I 

exam, at Lotgb-on-Soa: Baa, 7 Mm: i N 
Tjter (Havartna) 38 rate 49 sec. 2 S Larab 

Kant at W» i d a tone. Non, 7 raCaa: 1 M 
Scruaan CTanbrtbgrt 40 ratal 09 aoc. 2 B 

Tonbridge 1J0. 3Dartfort 128. 

fitiliflmi. at atefc Man, 


K M«8_ ^haftwbuy BamoO SBJJ2 3 M 

Dertnr Rams 90 (Colo 24L Bteategtam 
as Si (Staddere 2Bk HFS Portsmoutti 
tCtonOM ha m 2BV Hsmai and Wa&ofo 
rwjdls 101 (Raanm 32): Reg VtedY Sundor- 
lantf 1 DC (SaiT*f#r» 291 Lracostar ftders IOS 
rroira 41). Sooonl itelaterr TF Group 
Ctova&nd 119. Just Rentals Rhondda 1i4 
Rymoudi Radars 85, Oktom Cotta 91. 
Woman: BCP LondonrS, Chomos Derby 54; 
BCP London 83, PoArart Wngsion fl: 
Hotnei/Watlord Rotots 57. Stockport 
Louvam 87: London YMCA 79. Typhoa 
Stoffleld 61; Avon Northampton 96. LaratMrth 


NAriaMu. anoBA«a( Scottish mors 
CUP: Staltinte- UH 148. Magnum 57: 
FOMk 73. Gtaosoar Airport 75. 

W Germany 1 a 
S Korea 31, An 


Om Jong 


21-7: UcfSyamo bt < 

78C U bt Banc. 
Botingtr. 21-13, 21-13. 


2 Themes VaOeyHanUra 1 

tarey, Bt rrt rat f. Mou. 7 1 J 

fBetorav« » mm 33 sac. 2 C Hensby 
3R Treacteefi [Surrey 
S41 Toobe 1 Woking 72 pSz 


ffewb (at wOBodarA: W ati MW Z 
Cheshire 0; Devon 1. Kart 0. 

dNWora Surbiton 1. Toddngsm 2. Loom 
sod 3c aiHtoro 4. S» 



AiDons 2: CM 

BRISTOL: Totiy Alas Engltoh channoraNR 
Ftrat recant M fisher (BedfonO bt T 
Wktteeed (HareMWdl&S; P Gtoobn {NoUng- 


YogostaviE Wodd Cnp, oeHi 
a poeMe n e after ten no: 1. N 

(10. Irate SB—c; 2. S Donate 
1:32530: X M Porock “ 

4. J Muter (EG). 132 

ft 6. Y Hanaraanko 
1 33359; 7. V Outon (USSRL 
& G Hadd (WCg, 133318; 9. P 
90. 133348; 10. T Gartner (EG}. 

dW ie b n: Bedford 0. NotWk Wand orere 0; 
B wonrood 0. Bteeharte 2: Fort 1, Cambric , ~ " 

_ (Uonctoster)6-3:J _ . 

(Londonj bt 0 Cftatowrs (ErershaR 6* B 
BanettiSouttorapton) bt N Ctenrt 

cay 3: toartch Z Bury Si Edmunds 1; 


. 3 M Whe eler (Ee« 

iSSrSJB ® 5 

ough Torra 3. 

mier dhtaioa: Indian Gymkhana 4. Oxford 
Hmrits 0; lawn 3. Bognor 4; Marfow 0, 

MOUTH AMBOCA: i teba rw l loagae fltitij; 
Setordar Now Yoilt Islanders 4, NewJereey 

niii ■■ 
(Scot) 2Bnfn| 

5«*e 1 c 

2 T Mttdwl 
(Scot) 26mte 

Ceres 2: Quebec NonSquea 7. BuftefoMN 
ft Vancouver Canucks 2, HtetionlWhtotaP 
— (1 m fl uitt 4. Montreal CttnaGns % 

ateee. Totera 1 seodraid Z7ptK 2 N batand 
3^3 Con«wdSatah UriCwntes 141; 4 
GMSBn4osSaiBCtl68.Womea.ZXi - 

C Price — 


EaatcoW VRertmil — m “ — . 

Boefca, Oxen: Harrow Town Swans Z CSy at 

9- 13*387; 

MRatearn). 123.732: 4. 

123:754; 5, A fitod 08na _ .. . . 

6 . V aageri (WG), 124.1)7; 7. J Artpore 
-"SSR). 134.143; 8. CKnauor (EG). 124.158: 
J Boda ^^ 134304; 10. T GorJancM 

Oxford ft Hares 1, Breefcnrtl Z Sunbury 2. 
Amereham a Rart/SuHoae Canwhuy 3, Otd 
WKameontons ft Uoyds Bank z Martian 

Wto ra w n tone ft Uoyds Bank z Martian 
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Thames Pbfy 1. Od BBCcatHouns 1; Wor- 
th teg 1. Toforidga 1. intemWanfHaiai 
Barnes 1. WaHon ft Met Potae 1. mi West 


a -Friday: Atiaburffi Penoutes X Torwfe 
Mapto Leeto 3; Edmonton Otars ft Wfcnfoeg 
Jets 1, 

GWLSFORDe Hoorn Back 1154 
Payne (Baslldc^ 5 - ' “ 

°r th 

Soutinnpton. Uner £ BOtelWHlOutil Z US 
Portamoulh 0. Camberiay a 
tional (teats (ai Picketts Locft, Edmor 
Middlesex 1. StaftnisUra 4; Suitolk 
BerisStaftArenT.MfcWesex Z Berkshire 0. 
Lancashn Z S tel fotaWre ft Avon ft 


Km 20. Yesterday: Barrow 6. WWiws 16; 
91 Helens 20. W arrington 2& Wigan 6, 

4% Hul Ktegston Roms 7; Ofdham 18. 
HaSJsx 20: waKetiefcJ 2, Faattierstora 2S. 
Second Aristen: Batin 12. Rochdale 15: 
Carfiste 1 1 . Hunslet 8; Fi*am 30. Bfock- 

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brte lift Nortoft 113. Warefekatli Uncobv 
tin 124. Nonh am s 35; Soraereet 124. 
Oafortistere 1 13. Dam lift WW 124; 
Storey 109. Kent 13ft 11*. 

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Las Orotajter. 88; 3 GukttxtL 158. Wen» 7 

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128.04; a 10, Hzurtmggen (Swttz) and M 
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128.18: 13. H Zsitor (Switz) 12831; 14, C 
Emonel (Ft) 12828: 15. OriB 128.45. 


CARCASSONNE. France: totsmationat 
France 0. AustreJte 52. 

ad open chwanlnnaWp. 

Wan’ s ■ e m fi n te r w HanSon WO$niidi»4, 
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f New South tabs 345. 

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aside to let Mike Watterson take iflSft /‘mifP? i. r - 

overas draimrau of Cbwterfiekl 3. k mSSS?^' S-SS yff; 

in a boardroom reshuffle in the i. Q stanim 

summer, has been re-appoimed tN«in 
chairman of the third division amromann (Egm i^^SSSS 
dub. It followed the resignation « i? uw !22^^ L 09 . 4 V 4 

Of Watterson. who IpUt the UStelgf, 
board when he announced last a Moriftta (EG) 
month the dub was for sale. The pj MgjM i- atom M taiS l b« 
other four directors later issued “J 

a Statement of denial. Germany, rotay: 


S 3 ) I’in 4 

apo« fauitwflK 1 B 

is the 



is in 





Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

The second unmasking of a spymaster 

• Whal is your average headline- 
manner to make of ihe claim made 
for tins week’s edition of World fa 
Action (ITV, 8.30pm) that it 
unmasks the Middle East 
spymaster at the centre of the 
Synan-hacked plot to blow up an 
EJ AJ aircraft on a flight from 
Heathrow last April? Naturally 
enough, he will swallow the claim, 
and Granada Television's news 
hounds will go up ever higher in 
his estimation. The truth of the 
matter, however, is the spymaster 
Brigadier General Mohammad Al- 
Khouli, head of Syria’s Air Force 
intelligence and No 2 in that 
country's hierarchy, has already 
been unmasked id the British 
Press. In fairness to World in 
Action, it must be said that it does 
harden up the AJ-Khouli connex- 
ion with Nezar Hindawi's failed 
attempt to destroy the same 
airliner that was carrying his 
pregnant girlfriend. And' the film 

6.00 Ceefax AM. 

6.30 News headlines followed by 6.56 

7.00 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough, Sally Magnusson, and 
Jeremy Paxman includes 
national and international news 
at 7.00, 7.30, 8-00 and 830; 

dt regional news and travel at 

7-15, 7.45 and 8.15; weather at 
7.25, 7.55 and 8.25. 

8.40 Watchdoc 
and John' 

on behalf w 

Regional news and weather. 

9-00 News and weather 9.05 Day to 
Day. A topical subject 
discussed by Robert KBroy- 
Silk, guests, studio audience, 
and 'phone-in viewers 9.45 
One m Four. Isabel Ward’s 
magazine programme for the 
disabled 1030 News and 
weather 10.05 Neighbours, fr) 
1035 PfiilEp Schofield with 

children's programme news, 
and birthday greetings. 10.30 
Playschool 1030 WUo the 

1035 Five to Eleven. Geoffrey 

Wheeler with a thought for the 
ana weather 


does throw new light on the 
burgeoning terrorist by discover- 
ing that when Hindawi was editing 
a London newspaper last year, he 
wrote signed articles which re- 
vealed his romantic outlook on 
death through revolution, and 
showed the full extent of his 
obsessive dream about an Arab 
world in arms. No evidence in 
d K of Hindawi is produced in 
the film, unless you can count 
what one Jordian editor says 
about him. Hindawi, he says, used 
to smoke a pipe and both write 
ana recite poetry, and no man who 
aid that sort of thing could ever 
plant a bomb. Now that really is 
something new in the Hindawi 

• For a much more enlightened 
view of the literary impulse, you 

3*50 Henry’s Cat (r)4.10 Wizbit 
with Paul Daniels 4.20 The 
Mysterious Cities of Gold. 
Animated adventure serial 4.45 
Jonny Briggs starring Richard 

4-55 Newsround 535 Blue Peter. A 
preview of the National 
Museum of Wales's new 
exhibition of Chinese 
dinosaurs. (Ceefax) 

5.35 Masterteam. 

6.00 Six O’Ctoek News with Sue 
Lhwley and Nicholas WrteheB. 

6.35 London Plus. 

7-00 Wogan. Tonight's guests 
include Norman Wisdom, June 
Brown and, with a song, David 


day 11.00 News ar. 

11.05 Going to Pot Indoor 
gardening advice, (r) (Ceefax) 
11.35 Open Air. Programme 
makers meet their critics, 
(including news and weather at 
12 . 00 ) 

12.25 Domesday Detectives. Day 
three of the quarterfinals of the 
quiz on Britain and the British, 
for teams. 1235 Regional 
news and weather. 

1.00 One O’clock news with Marlyn 
Lewis. Weather 1.25 

Neighbours. Weekday soap 
set in a Melbourne suburb 1. 

Bric-a-Brac. (r) 
2.00 The Clothes Show. 



Scott. Jeff Banks, and Jane 
Lomas, are on the road to 
meet the people of the 
UlverstDn, Cumbria, area. 230 
The Onedin Line. When James 
docks from Austrafia, Anne is 
not there to greet Wm. (r) 330 
Valerie. Domestic comedy 
series starring Valerie Harper. 

735 The Golden OKHesPfeture 
Show. Dave Lee Travis 
introduces video-disc veratons 
of old hit records. 

8.00 Test Pitot Part three of the 
series foflowing an intake of 
the Empire Test Pilots School 
at Boscombe Down. (Ceefax) 

830 Three Up, Two Down. Comedy 
series about the uneasy 
relationship between a man 
and a woman from a efifferent 
social sphere who share the 
same grandchild, (r) (Ceefax) 

9.00 Nine (TOock news with Julia 
Somerville and Andrew 

. Harvey. Regional news and 

930 Panorama: Coventry and Kiel - 
Who’s Winning Now?. An 
economic comparison between 
Coventry, devastated during 
the Second World War, andher 
twin city, Kiel, which was also 
flattened. Whose citizens are 
better off now? Richard Ltodley 

10.10 International Show Jumping 
from the Grand Han, Olympia, 
featuring the Crosse & 
Blackwen Grand Prix. 
Introduced by David Vine, with 
commentary by Raymond 
Brooks-Wara and Stephen 

1135 Late reght in Concert 
Supertramp perform at the 
CNE Grandstand, Toronto. 

1235 Weather. 

Sally Whittaker as Sally and, as her Unde Tom, Leu Marten m 
Coronation Street ( 11 V, 730pm) 

need look no further tonight than 
Writ* On (Channel 4, 6.30pm), 
the series that must have 
prompted more than one budding 
but frustrated author to take a 
second look at the tnanusdpt that 
has been gathering dust on a shelf 
for years. For some reason I 
cannot divine, the programme’s 
co-host, Ian McMillan, wears a 
sweat-shirt bearing the legend 
"Wordsworth” and a top-hatted 
Samson. Much more comprehen- 
sible is the advjoe he offers to 
prospective authors which is that, 
because there is no such thing as a 
formula for success, the next best 
thing is to for them to have a map 
of the opus behind the eyes so that 
they will know when they get it 
right Personally, I do not think 
the writer of romantic novels who 
also appears tonight got it quite 
right when, describing how a 
heroine was swept into her lover’s 
urgent arms, wrote that “her 


9.00 Ceefax. 

930 The Week In the Lords, (ri 
1030 Ceefax. 

1230 Design and Innovat i on; 

treacherous body responded 
against her will to die dru g gin g 
sensation of overwhelming, trem- 
bling, sensuality. M 

• Best of the rest on TV tonight: 
the final film in ihe Nurses series 
(BBC2, 1 0.00pm} which deals 
with midwifery; and Open to 
Question (BBC2, 7.35pm) in 
which teenagers put questions to 
South Africa’s deputy foreign 
minister. It should prove a good 

S ipetlzer for tomorrow night's 
ranada Television documentary 
called Apartheid about which I 
shall be writing tomorrow. 

• Radio choice: Solti conducting 
the London Philharmonic in some 
Bartok (Piano Concerto No 3, 
with SchifT as soloist) and Mahler 
(Symphony No 5) on Radio 3 at 


BBC1 WALES. 5L3S-SJD0pm wales TO- 
r.°y ; day. &JS-7AQ Home Brew. 12.05- 
12.45am Rugby Speaal (South Of Scotland 
v Ando Scots) 12-45-12.50 News. SCOT- 
LAItfl. 6-K-7.0Qpm FU porting Scotland. 

11 JS-IZOSam Workmse Scotland. 1235- 
12.10 Windier Ctosa northern ire- 
LAND. 5JS-5L40pm Sport 540*630 Inskte 
Ulster. 635-7X0 Masterteam. 12X5- 
12.1040 News. ENGLAND. 635>730pm Re- 
gional news magazines. 

lous Funnss 11 JX> Shan ^ory Theatre 
112S-1155CaKoma Hmnway 131 Anglia 
News and weather 1 JO king Ardnr was 
A Gentteman' (Arthur AskeyJ 3.15 Cartoon 
Tkn 3J8 Angba News S.1S Emmeraaie 
Farm 6.00 About Angta 6-30-7.00 wnosTHe 
Boss? 112Q Tina Turner Oueenpf Rock 
‘n Roll 1225 Dear Diary. Ctosa 


Beneath TTw Sea 1130 TTW New Fantastic 
Four Tl.25 Crystal Tipps ana Akseur T1-3S- 
1 The Greovle GnotAes 1 JO Border 
News 120 RtoE Friends 32S Border News 
Take The 

Peter Davalle 

Final heat competitors in The Krypton Factor (ITV, 7.00pm). From left 
to nghc Gordon Sidlow, Bob Page, Kathy Searle, and Jeremy Holt. 

Eurekaaarghl Part one of a 

repeat of the Horizon 
programme which examined 
the problems facing inventors. 

1235 Ceefax. 

230 News and weather. 

232 Puppeteer. A profile of John 
Wright who runs the Little 
Angel Theatre, Islington, 
London, (r) 

230 Sign Extra, (r) 

245 International Show Jumpii 
from the Grand HaH, Ofyt 
Action on the final day of 
show, (includes news and 
weather at 3.00) 

330 News, regional news and 

430 Pamela Armstrong. Today’s 
guests include Faith Brown 
and Barbara Dickson. 

430 International Show Jumping 
from the Grand HaH, Olympia. 

5JB0 Domesday Detectives. A 
repeat of the programme 
shown on BBC 1 at 1235. 

530 Did You See-? A shortened 
version of yesterday's 

630 Film: Chartia Chan at tiie Wax 
Museum* (1940) starring 
Sidney Toler. The oriental 
detective is on the trail of an ' 
escaped murderer who 
changes his identity* . 

735 To Turn a BBhd Eye, by 
Farrukh Dhondy. A drama 
about a lonely , Wind old bigot 
who is befriended by Jamshyd, 
a young man with a cockney 
accent Starring Brian Hayes. 

735 Open to Question. Via sateUttB 
from Pretoria, the South 
African deputy Foreign 
Minister, Ron MHter, answers 
questions put to twn by a 
young audience drawn from al 
over Britain. 

835 Cricket Third Test Richie 
Benaud introduces highlights 
of the fourth day's play. 

930 The Travel Show Christmas 
Special presented by Paul 
Heiney. Kathy Rochford 
reports from Courmayeur, the 
ski resort on the slopes of 
Mont Blanc; Matthew CoS ns 

weatherman John Kettley 
assesses the chances of a 
white Christmas at the various 
ski resorts, and has advice on 
where to go for warmth. 

930 Cool It Comedy sketches 
starring Phfl Cool. 

935 Victoria Wood - As Seen on 
TV. Monologues and music 
from the talented comedienne. 
With, among others, Jufle 

1030 Nurses. This final programme 
of the series joins the 
midwives of Mile End in east 
London. (Ceefax) 

10.40 Newsnight 1135 Weather. 

1130 Tef^DunaL Carlos Riera 

introduces the news shown by 

Madrid's RTVFs first char 


6.15 TV-anc Good Morning Britain 
presented by Anne Diamond 
and Mike Morris. News with 
Gordon Honeycombs at 630, 
730, 730, 830, 830 and 930; 
financial news at 635; sport at 
6.40 and 7.40; cartoon at 735; 
pop music at 735; and Jimmy 
Greaves's television highlights 
at 835. The After Nine guests 
include child-care expert 
Rosemary Leach; and Jeni 
Barnett with the winning 
names ol the animal and pet 
category of the poetry 

935 Thames news headlines 

followed by Christmas ViOoge. 
An animated story 935 
Beyond 2000. The latest 
technology that will last us untfl 
the 21st century 1030 Wild, 
WBd Worid of Animals. Those 
who live at the foot of the 
Rocky Mountains, (r) 

1045 A Single Light A lonely t 

woman substitutes a reti 0 

statue for the baby she lost, 
little realising it is a rare 
masterpiece 11.40 Wattoo 
Wottoo.(r) 1135 Star of 
Bethlehem. Part one of a 
scientific investigation into the 
sort of star that guided the 
Three Wise Men. 

1230 Atarah’s Music. Olive the 
Oboe. (A12.10 Let’s Pretend 
to the tale of Spot the 

1230 Batv and Ca Dr Miriam 
Stoppard talks to parents 
about their worries over 
premature babies, (r) 

130 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 130 Thames news. 

130 FHm: What’s Good For the 
Goose (1969) starring Norman 
Wisdom and Sally Geeson. A 
straightiaced, middle-aged 
assistant bank manager 
discovers the sins of the flesh 
when attending a bankers' . 
conference away from home. 
Directed by Menahem Golan. 

3 35 Thames news headlines 330 
The Young Doctors. Medical 
drama serial. 

430 Tickle on the Turn. VIBage 
tales for the young. 4.10rhe 

Telebugs 4u20 He-Man and 
Masters e* the Universe 445 
From the Top. Comedy series 
starting Bin Odd/e. 

5.15 Btocldxistm. General 
knowledge quiz game for 

5.45 News with Alastair Stewart 
6.00 Thames news. 

635 Hetol Viv Taylor Gee with news 
of CoW Comfort, a leaflet with 
advice on keeping warm in 

835 Crossroads. 

730 The Krypton Factor. A 

housewife, a vet, a Felixstowe 
port manager, and a solicitor, 
compete in searching tests of 
brain and brawn. (Oracle) 

730 Coronation Street Rita 
Fairdough worries about 
Jenny's interest in Martin Platt 

830 BfNy Dainty, Esq. A tribute to 
the comedian who died last 

830 Worid in Action: The Road to 
Damascus. A documentary 
revealing the identity of the 
spymaster in charge of an 
international network of 
Syrian-based terrorists, with 
the first picture of the man to 
be seen in the West (see 

930 North and South. Episode 
three. Ttiiet Main dies and Orry 
becomes master of Mont 
* Royal, he also confesses hts 
passion for Madeline, who has 
helped a slave to escape. 

While the search continues she 
has a brief liaison with Orry. 
(Oracle) (continues after the 

10.00 News at Ten and weather, 
followed by Thames news 

1030 Nortii and SouHl Episode 
three continued. 

1130 The New Avengers- A chase 
by car, plane and motorbike, 
leads to buried treasure. 
Starring Patrick Macneeand 

1220 Tales from the Darkside. A 
graduate student rents a room 
containing a miniature closet 

1245 Mght Thoughts. 

MsTaken Identity: they appear in Eleventh Hoar’s Torn It Up; 
Cabaret Style, on Channel 4, at 11.00pm 


230 The Late Late Show. Dublin's 
tong running music and chat 

3 30 Irish Angle. Are property 
buyers protected by law? Irish 
Angle investigates the sad tale 
of a Dutchman who bought 
land in West Cork 

430 Mavis on 4. Mavis Nicholson 
discusses pantomime tradition 
with three of tills year's 
principal boys - Bonnie 
Langford, Yvonne Marsh, and 
Anita Harris. 

430 Countdown. The third 
quarterfinal is between the 
number three seed, David 
Whiting, and Mike Perak, who 
is seeded number six. 

530 Cartoon Carnival. 

530 Basketball -Go 4 HI Simon 
Reed and Danny Palmer 
preview tonight s Prudential 
National Cup Final. 

630 Make YourOwn Video. The 
final programme of the series 
in which Anna Soubry is taught 
cameraman Philip Chavannes. 

630 Write On. The tenth and last 
programme in the series 
presented by Ruth Pitt, 
designed to interest people in 
the pleasures of writing, (see 

730 Channel 4 News presented by 
Peter Sissons. 

730 Comment from Dr Mayer 
Hillman, Sentor Reflow of the 
Policy Studies Institute. 

830 Brookslde. Annabelle's first 
day as a magistrate Is spent 
fixing fines for motoring 
offenders; and Rod has his 
final interview for the police, 
but leaves the meeting angry 
and humiliatBd when he 
rfiscovers the police have all 
theCorkhiUs' records. 

830 Soap Aid. Highlights from a 
money-raising concert which 
took place to July, in which aH 
the British soaps joined forces 
for the Save Ouf African 
People enterprise. 

930 Basketball -Go 4 Itl Live from 
the Albert Hat. the final of the 
Prudential National Cup Final 
between Team Polycell 
Kingston, the winners for the 
past two years, and HFS 

1030 A People’s War. This 

penultimate programme In the 
series about fife on the Home 
Front in the Second Worid War 
presents a portrait of an 
economy at war, the people at 
.work and their contribution to 
the victory. (Oracle) 

1130 The Eleventh Hour Turn It Up. 
Cabaret Sf * 

MsTaken 1 

ar. Close. 

CENTRAL ^i^TtsSdarass 

Everyday Chna 1000 Lank as Man 10.50- 

11 JS Rom: The House Acrws The Lake 
fi854) 120 Central News 120 Fflrrr. 

Mansol 11982) 32S-SJ0 Central News 640 
Central News 645-730 Central Post 1120 

The Protectors 11 SO Contact I220atn Central 


CHANNEL As London except 
kHgTC-igEb gjsam Sesame Street 
1030 The Snow Queer 11 .55-1 2.00 Car- 
toon 120 Channel News and WaamerIJO 
Home Cookery Club 125-320 Fflnt Hatter 
Boogie 5.12 Puffin's Ptafflce 5.15-5.45 Sans & 
Daughters 620 Channel Report 620-620 
The C hrist m as Tree Men 1120 Hunter 
1220am weather. Close. 

GRAMPIAN ** London except 
HGaail i aw 925am Wild Heritage 
1020 Span EUfy Special 10-45 Noddy 
1120 Hanna Barbara Animated Special 
120pm North News 120-325 Rtm The 
km Maiden (1962) 5-15-S.4S Emmerdate Farm 
63-720 North Tonight 11 20 Sammy Da- 
vies Jr 1 230am News. Weather. Close. 


nada Reports followed by Poor Bdv Ren- 

der 11.00 Granada Reports tolowfid by 

Runaway Island 1125 Connections 1125- 
1230 Granada Reports 120 Granada Reports 
120 FBm CaWomla Gold Rush (Robert 
Hayes) 3.15 From Grape to Glass 325 Grana- 
da RiHWrts 330-420 Safe and Daughters 
B30-730 Granada Reports 1120 Fonda: The 
Man and His Movies 1225m Close. 

inywpr^sss, 1020 

The Monsters' Chnstmas 1120-1230 The 
Rag Tag Champs 120 HTV News 120-325 
Hric The Iron Maiden (1962) 630-730 
HTV News 1120 The New Avangers 1220am 
Weather, dose. 

L| ce As HTV West <K- 

cepc 630pm-730 Whies 

Roach Comedy 1120-1125 Rrebafl XL5 
120 Scottish News 1 JO Live at One-Thirty 
230-430 FHm: A Town Uhe Alice' (1956) 
5,15-545 Emnwrdale Farm 630 Scotland To- 
day B20-720 Benson 830-820 Only 
Wwn (Laugh 1120 Crane Desk 1125 Late 
Can 11 JOHuntar 1225 Close 
TQW ^ London except 925am The 
-L2J2. Champions 1020 The Dancing 0o8s 
ot Monte Carte 1025-1125 Fern: Rnd The 
Lady 0966) 120pm TSW News. Weather 120- 
225 ram: Caper otthe Golden Buis (1966) 
5.15 Gus Honeytxr's Mage Birthdays 520- 
5^45 Crossroads 630 Today South West 
520-730 Emmerdate Farm 1 120 Fonda: The 
Man and His Movies 12.15am Postscript ' 
1220 Close 

TVC As London except 925 Sesame 
J-»S Street 1020^ The Snow Queen 1135- 
1230 Cartoon 120pm TVS News 120 
Home Cookery C*Jb US-325 Film; Rofler 
Boogie (1979)5-12-545 News Coflowed by 
730 Survival 830-820 Only When l Laugh 
1120 Himtar 1220am Company, dose 
TYNE TEES w Londow«tcept 
i-LOfo-L&foS 9J5 Sesame Street 1025 
Film: And The Same To You (Brian Rbt) 
1140-1U5 Cartoon Time 120pm Regional 
News 125 Lookaround 120-325 Fttrv 
The Btack Tulto (Atam Drton) B30 Northern 
Ufe 620-730 Straight Taft 1120 Ben 
Sidren — On The Lwe Side 12.lSimi On The 
Edge. 1225 Close 
III CTFR As London except 925 

Sesame Street 1025 Toytown 
1045 Wortdof Stones 1130-1125 Other 
Work} 120pm Lunchtime 120 Film: The Whte- 
sra (Eric Portman) 320-430 Sons and 
K?itor& 830 Good Evening Ulster 620-730 
Lifestyle 1120 The Sweeney 12.15am 


The Dancing Do*s ot Monte Carlo 1M55 

Uttto Duck Blue Feather 1125-1125 

120 pm 

Weather 125 Heto Yourself 120 FAn: Harry 

and Water Go TO New York (Michael 
Crhne) 22) Home Cookery Cfi4> 325 Calendar 
News 320-430 A Country Practice 530 
Calendar 620 CetenrtaT Fashion 112DPnsorv- 
err CeU Block H 1220am-&30 Music Box 

S4C r 220pm Fftm Top Secret (Geon 

ColeJ 230 Coimtoown 220 The 1 
Late Show 325 Sitents. Please 435 
(kmiau Dydd Uun 445 Chwarler Cal 530 Pen 
A Chyntton 520 The Cosby Show 83© 

Hogen's Heroes 620 Mnns on 4 730 

Newydtfion Sadh 720 Gwanwyn A Deftdd 
YnBratolUW Remington Smew 930 pwlad 
Gwlad 9J0 Y Byd ArBedwar 1030 Gwyl 

Gorewi Cymru 'te 11 30 Who Doras Wins 

1145 The woman Who Married dark Ca- 

ble 12.15 Close 

what it is Dks to be a young 
woman today. 

12J30 Their Lordshrps’ House. 
Jackie Ashley presents 
ttghfights of the day's 

This Christmas the 
NSPCC will be helping 
many frightened, desper- 
ate children who are the 
victims of neglect. 

£15.48 can protect one 
of them for two weeks. 

If you can send us that 
sum, using the coupon 
below we know of plenty 
of children who, for 
the first time in their 
lives would like to say 
‘Thanks, Santa.’ 

For this lonely, neglected little boy 
Father Christmas exists. 

If you’ve got ^5*4^ s P it; s y oUi 

““ D “* D ~j 

''' It .Li Expiry date. 

Nq. L 




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Thunemann with I 
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String EnsemMe), Chopin 
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in and 

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Fast published inJ785 


England’s slump 
leaves outside 

chance of result 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Adelaide 

By taking the wickets of 
Lamb and Gower in the last 
10 minutes of piay here yes- 
terday, Australia revived the 
third Test match. 

Not long before tea. when 
England were 270 for one: the 
game looked to be heading for 
a certain draw; but at 349 for 
five, the closing score in reply 
to Australia’s 514 for five 
declared, that was no longer 

It was a grand clay's cricket, 
played in sunshine and a 
lovely temperature. There 
were centuries for Broad and 
Gatting; we had the rare 
pleasure of watching 30 overs 
of leg spin: and Australia's late 
successes were a fair reward 
for their perseverance. If Eng- 
land had been equally deter- 
mined. right to the end. to 
make Australia fight for all 
they gou they might have 
nothing left to worry about by 

Instead. Lamb threw his 
wicket away with a careless 
stroke, and Broad and Gatting 
both got out to long hops. 
Gower, too, although he pro- 
duced some glittering strokes, 
was in one of his easy-come 
easy-go moods. Though genu- 
inely beaten in the end by- 
Reid. he should have been 
caught at slip when he was 
nine, and he was never really 
knuckling down. 

The follow-on, of course, is 
saved and there are only two 
days left, and even by the 
standards of the Adelaide 
Oval it is a very easy pitch. So 
fer. in three days, only Lamb 
has been dismissed for fewer 
than 36. That all points to a 
draw. But if Australia were to 
be batting again by lunchtime 
today, with a lead, say. of 80. 
they could still leave them- 
selves with most of tomorrow 
to bowl England out a second 

There is not a rest day in 
this Test or the next. The 
reason, needless to say. is to 
accommodate Mr Packer, or 
the marketing arm of his 
organization. Like the cater- 
ers. the cameramen, the 
ground staff and anyone else 
you care to think of, the 
players need a rest day. But 
their convenience is not the 
consideration it used to be in 
arranging the itinerary of a 
tour of Australia. 

Broad played another ex- 
cellent innings, having to con- 
tend with Reid when he was 
getting the new ball to bounce, 
at times quite steeply, and 
with Sleep before his fingers 
tired. Broad batted, all told. 

for 307 minutes and 263 balls, 
hitting 1 2 fours and a six. 

In the doghouse a week ago, 
Gatting cow made his seventh 
Test hundred in a little over 
two years <21 Tests) and that is 
good going considering that 
his first took seven years (30 
Tests) to come. 

Galling gave Matthews, the 
off-spinner, some terrible 
stick, once at an important 
psychological moment. Un- 
fortunately, though, he and 
Broad got out in quick succes- 
sion after adding 161 in 156 
minutes for the second wicket 

Had Gatting stayed, Austra- 
lia could have come under 
such fierce attack in the Last 
hour that England, not Austra- 
lia. might have ended the day 
thinking in terms of a first- 
innings lead. When Gatting 
was out he had made 48 in 
even time since tea and was on 
the warpath. He batted for 
three hours, faced 140 balls, 
bit 15 fours and was ju- 
diciously pugnacious. 

Sleep was revealed as a nice 
bowler, mostly of leg-breaks 
and top-spinners. The googly 
puts in only an occasional 
appearance. He has the mien 
of a cricketer. 


AUSTRALIA: Rrtf Inrcngs 
Q R Marsh fa Edmonda 


D C Boon c WWtahflr b Emburay — 103 

D M Jones c Richards b May S3 

*AH Banter c Richards b Edmonds . 70 
GMfMcMec Bread bOaftettas — 38 

G R J Matthews not out 73 

S R Waugh not out — 7S 

Extras 0b 2, nb 15) 17 

Tbttl (5 wfcts doc) ■ 


P H Steep. tG C Oyor, M G Hughes and B 
A Retd dU not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-113, 2-185, 3-311, 
4-333, 5-368- 

BOWUNG: DStoy 32-3-1 1 1-1; PcFhritss 
32-4-128-1: Emburay 46-11-117-1; Ed- 
monds 52-14-134-2; batting 9-1-22-0. 
ENGLAND; First Innings 

BCBrpade Marsh bWatigh 116 

C W J Alhey b Steep 55 


D I Gower few b Raid 
J E Emfaurejr not out - 

b Stoop - 
b Hughes. 

JJ Whitaker not out. 

Extras 0*2,toB,w4,nb4>. 
Total (5 wfcts) 

. 14 
. 38 
_ 5 


tC J Richards, P A J DnFmton, P H 
Edmonds and G R Dfltey to l»L 
FALL OF WICKETS 1-11 2, 2-273, 3-283, 
4-3*1, 5-341. 

BOWLING: Hughes 21-5-72-1; Raid 17-5- 
37-1; Sleep 32-7-1 

■106-2: Ma tthew 16-0- 
80-0; Border 1 - 0 - 1 - 0 ; Waugh 11-1-45-1. 
Umpires: A R Crofter ends GRandM. 

Border began the bowling 
with him and Reid, and in the 
first quarter of an hour three 
appeals for leg-before by Reid 
and another for a catch at slip 
against Athey off Steep went 
England's way. A comfortable 
period followed in which 
Broad declared his intentions 
and Athey played his game. 
Then, for the hour either side 

Botham improving 

Ian Botham's chances of 
being fit for the fourth Test in 
Melbourne are looking bright- 
er. The rib muscle he tore 
during the second Test at 
Perth had yesterday shown a 
“great improvement” over the 
previous 48 hours, according 
to Mickey Stewart, the Eng- 
land cricket manager. 

“Ian is a lot more mobile 
today,” said Stewart “It is 
still painful for turn to run, but 
he’s able to work oot in the 
gym now. We hope every 48 
hours that pass win produce 
an improvement” England 
have two further games before 
(he fourth Test, which begins 
on Boxing Day. 

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•i I'.’M. • • i i'll- :;a*- 1 jvi ni >ir c.ills V \.ii >■! sin, 

| .-I,.'.... '% it: " \|i r 1 HI * M '•vlli-r IJW.iIiiIihi'-ui ft liiriiini'.-li.iMi 
Ul '■ J* l -r. I • ■•r.ll- I rSiti-* I. \l.ini In-ii-r M IH.| ."S 54 44 !>• 

',*1.1.. i, .ii. k I ' T-l h " « 

of lunch, England’s batting 
lost conviction. 

In the 37th over of the 
innings* Athey was out., play- 
ing on to Sleep as he tried to 
chop something that was too 
straight and full for the pur- 
pose and it was some time 
before the innings got moving 

The 46th over was crucial. 
When it started Matthews, the 
abominable showman, was all 
cock-a-hoop- He had been 
bowling well, turning the ball a 

the over cleared the air. When, 
at the next opportunity, 
Gatling went down the pitch 
to Matthews and hit him high 
and straight for four, the 
crowd became rather silent for 
an hour or two. 

About the first of Gatling's 
three fours there was an 
element of risk, but a cal- 
culated one. The stroke was 
played from down the pitch 
and it was as weJJ that be went 
through with it. 

Most of the rest of the 
afternoon was dominated by 
Broad, who reached his 
hundredthree overs before tea 
with as good a shot as he 
played, a cover-drive off Bor- 
der. Not since Barrington and 
Edrich. in 196 5-66, had an 
Englishman scored centuries 
in successive Test matches in 

Sensing that Australia could 
be there for the taking between 
tea and the close, Gatting now 
set out after them, thumping 
the ball over the leg-side field 
with some contempt But he 
lost Broad at 273, brilliantly 
caught at short mid-wicket 
where Marsh held a tumbling 
catch off a very hard hit and 
then immediately after reach- 
ing his own hundred with a 
lofted straight drive for four, 
he dragged a simple catch to 
the same position. This was 
off Sleep's rankest long-hop of 
die day: but to take wickets 
with bad balls is a leg- 
spinner's perquisite. 

In a golden evening light 
and with 70 minutes left 
Gower joined Lamb. At the 
start of the tour. Lamb was in 
better form than anyone ex- 
cept Botham. Now his foot- 
work betrayed his uncertainty. 
He seemed often to be caught 
between wind and water. 
Gower was simply Gower, 
creaming the ball through the 
gaps one moment and edging 
it to third man the next He 
was sparring at Waugh when 
Boon, who had spent all day at 
slip waiting for a bite, put him 
down, a chance Boon would 
have taken 14 times out of 15. 

.If Australia thought that 
that was their last chance 
gone. Lamb saw to it that it 
was noL Having added 58 
with Gower in 50 minutes, he 
hit at the pitch of the new ball 
and mistimed a gentle catch to 

Reid then brought one of 
foil length back at Gower, who 
had moved on to the back 
foot, and England, having sent 
in one nigh watchman, could 
probably not find another. 
Anyway, Whitaker appeared 
and took three to third man 
off his first ball, whereupon 
Emburey protected him to the 
close. In three overs, England 
had partially undone much 
very good work. There were in 
the day 320 runs from 92 
overs and five wickets fell. No 
one could complain about 


by Ards 

A Malone side that supplied 
seven players to the Ulster 
i«im this season stumbled to a 
second successive defeat at the 
weekend, going down at 
Hamilton Park to Ards, whose 
contribution to the Ulster 
cause was a solitary player, the 
international wing forward, 
Nigel Carr (George Ace 

Ards won, despite the 
handicap of losing their No. 
8. Foreman, in the first half, 
by three penalties, all kicked 
by their foil back. Callow, to a 
goat Brown converting a 
Harbinson try after only five 

Bangor blasted out a 41- 
point warning that 
tomorrow’s Bass Boston Cup 
final will be a difficult match 
for the league leaders. 
Ballymena, under the 
Upricfaard Park floodlights. 
They clinically dismantled a 
North side at Ormeau by four 
goals, two tries and three 
penalties to four penalties. 

The Bangor foil back. El- 
liott. who was capped for 
Ireland against Scotland at 
Murrayfield in 1979 scored 21 
points with two tries which he 
converted and three penalties 
while Warke kicked all of 
North's points. 

‘ Iflas j . ... __ 

Walking tad: Gatting amgratnlafes Broad on reaching his second century m consecutive Tests 


Liverpool pile on 
pain for Chelsea 

By Stuart Jones 
Football Correspondent 


Chelsea ... 



The painful agonies of Chel- 
sea were revealed to the nation 
yesterday afternoon. In the 
last fixture of the year to be 
covered live on television, 
they were horribly exposed 
and soundly beaten at Anfield. 
even though Liverpool never 
began to reach the heights of 
which they are capable. 

Chelsea can now sink no 
lower. Anchored to the bot- 
tom of the first division, they 
lie two points adrift of Man- 
chester City, the side that 
happen to have been their last 
victims eight games ago. Nor 
was there the slightest indica- 
tion that their ever deepening 
troubles are about to end 

They had their moments. 
There were two of them. Both 
occurred within a minute 
midway through an unutter- 
ably tedious first half during 
which Liverpool looked to 
have left all of their quality 
behind in Dubai, where the 
collected the unofficial British 
title by defeating Celtic on 
penalties in midweek. 

Murphy, otherwise no more 
than an irrelevant decoration, 
stretched Grobbelaar to his 
full height and almost in- 
stantly McAllister, released by 
Speedie, provoked Gillespie 
to illustrate the speed of his 
recovery. Apart from that 
Chelsea, though spirited, were 
not even a pale shadow of the 
team that was considered title 
contenders a year ago. 

Niedzwiedd's display was 
as undistinguished as any. He 
could be faulted for all three 
goals. His defensive colleagues 
were no more assured. The 
midfield was profoundly col- 
ourless and Durie was so 
thoroughly ineffective that 
some wags were prompted to 
ask whether his Christian 
name might be Joe or lan. 

Durie, it should be noted, 
did twice collect the ball after 
being adjudged offside, an 
admirable gesture matched 
only to' the occasional touches 
'of Speedie. His exchanges 
with the Kop before the 
interval were less laudable. He 
answered their audible obs- 
cenities with visual signs that 
were equally distasteful. Since 

John Hollins had made five 
changes — Hazard, Isaac and 
Wicks were dropped, Dixon 
and Nevin were injured — 
Chelsea cannot even claim to 
be hanging onto consistency 
as they attempt to crawl out of 
their darkness. Nor are they 
likely to, at least until after 
Christmas, as their manager 
confirmed later. 

McAllister, who was with- 
drawn midway through the 
second half, Murphy and 
Speedie are all suffering from 
injuries. Hollins, therefore, 
feces the damaging prospect of 
being with halfof his strongest 
line-up, whatever that might 
be. for the London derby 
against Tottenham Hotspur at 
home on Saturday. 

Hollins stated that he was 
“very disappointed with the 
first goal,” the outcome of 
three defensive mistakes on 
the half-hour. Pates was guilty 
of the first with a misdirected 
header on the half-way line 
and McLaughlin, his central 
partner, made the second by 
subsequently felling Rush on 
the edge of the area. 

Niedzwiecki compounded 
the errors by leaving substan- 
tial room at the near post and 
Whelan promptly punished 
him from the nee kick. After 
51 minutes Rush claimed his 
22nd goal of the season, but 
his first in six games, by 
heading in Nicol’s cross. “Af- 
ter that," Hollins conceded, 
“we lost our organization.” 

As Chelsea disintegrated 
feebly, Liverpool could have 
added four or five, particu- 
larly after Dalglish had sent 
himself on. The one they did 
score, by Nichol who embar- 
rassed Murphy with his run 
and Niedzwiecki with his 20- 
yard chip, was more than 
sufficient to lift them into 
third place, four points behind 

“People don’t expect any- 
thing when they come up 
here,” Hollins said, “but I felt 
that we could pick up a point 
One victory will change things 
for us and there are still 69 
points to play for. It is getting 
the first three that is the 
problem.” Even one would be 
■ a relief. 

FA inquiry 
into the 

Ted Croker. the Football 
.Association secretary, has 
promised a full inquiry into 
Saturday’s game at Sheffield 
United which saw four players 
sent off. three of them mom 
the visiting side. Portsmouth. 
“We will study the referee’s 
report very carefully and ask 
the dubs for their comments. 
We win also try to obtain an 
independent judgement apart 
from the referee.” said 
Crocker after a weekend 
which saw II players dis- 

The last time four men were 
dismissed during the same 
game was iti 1955 when two 
went from each side in the 
game between Crewe Alexan- 
dra and Bradford City. 

Gilbert, the Portsmouth de- 
fender, was the first to go and 
the referee, Kelvin Morton of 
Bury St Edmunds, then des- 
patched Tait and United’s 
Beagrie after an off-t&e-ball 
incident'. Dillon tvas 
Portsmouth’s third offender 
as sendings-off for the season 
surged to 107. 

The Hull City player-man- 
ager. Brian Horton, will fine 
himself half a week’s wages 
after his 68to minute dis- 
missal for dissent at Crystal 
Palace. Fenwick, the Queen’s 
Park Rangers and England 
international defender, went 
during the goalless draw 
against Charlton Athletic and 
afterwards claimed his send- 
ing-off was “a joke”. 

All winners 
at Bradford 


LIVERPOOL: B Grobbelaar S NfcoL J 
BegUn, M Lawranson. R Whelan. A 
Hanson, P Welsh (sub: K Dalgteh). G 
GBespte. I Rush. B Vwuson, S McMahon. 
CHELSEA: E Ntefewtecfei; □ Ramie. K 
Dubfla C Puss. J McLaughlin. J 
Bumstsad. K McAlister (sub; D Wood). N 
Spackman. G Durie, □ Speeds. J Murphy. 
RetoMiK Hadsatt 

Bradford City returned 
an emotion-filled Valley Pa- 
rade to beat an England XI 2-1 
before a 15,000 crowd whose 
goodwill allowed the names of 
yesteryear, among them Kee- 
gan, Worthington, Cherry, 
Yorath and Bobby Campbell, 
to flourish 

Cherry, the manager, 
started the match for Bradford 
and was lightheartedly, booed 
when he reappeared for Eng- 
land. That perhaps summed 
up an occasion that saw the 
crowd applaud both teams for 
an engaging exhibition — that 
also produced some good 
goals through Mariner for 
England and Goodman and 
Leonard for Bradford. But for 
once, the game's warmth and 
spirit was the real winner. 


* ’s aim 


Jon Cornish and Darren 
Mabbs. the 1984 winners, wiU 
play Martin Bodimeade and 
Paul Carter in the final of this 
year’s London Evening Stan- 
dard British doubles squash 
championships at Cannons 
Club, London, tonight 

French title 

Chris Ronald son, the world 
champion, regained the 
French open real tennis title 
when be defeated the bolder, 
Wayne Davies, 64, 6-2, 6-1 in 
the final in Bordeaux. 

Sailing in 

Ecureuil d’Aquitaine, sailed 
by Titouan Lainazou, aged 31, 
was the first boat into Sydney 
at the end of the Round the 
World yacht race leg from 
Cape Town. His time for the 
6.900 mile leg of 28 days 7 
hours and 13 minutes clipped 
almost seven days off the 
previous record set by Phillipe 
Jeantot in 1981 

Bob banned 


Port Elizabeth (Reuter) — 
The Em bowler Johnny Ma- 
guire performed the hat-trick 
here yesterday as the rebel 
Australian cricketers beat 
Eastern Province by. an in- 
nings and 84 runs on the final 
day of their three-day match. 

Leag: three titles 

Leng’s award 

Virginia Leng has become 

Venice (Reuter) — The 
controversial new East Ger- 
man two-man bob has been 
banned by the the Inter- 
national Bobsleigh and 
Tobogganing Federation 

Test claim 


the first person to win toe 
British equestrian writers' 
association’s trophy for the 
Equestrian Personality of the 
Year for the third time in 

Kolhapur, India (Reuter) — 
The Indian Bharat Arun hit 
an unbeaten century to stake a 
claim for a Test place in 
Kanpur on Wednesday, as 
India's under-25 cricketers* 
drew- the three-day match with 
Sri Lanka yesterday. 

Tyson offers to 
meet Bruno 

for world title 

From Srikumar Sen, Boxing Correspondent. New York 

for the undisputed world 
heavyweight championship m 
September in London — tf the 
World Boxing Council cham- 
pion finishes up the winner, as 
he is almost certain to do, 
when the series to unify toe 
three world heavyweight tides 
ends in May. 

The announcement was 
made by Mickey Duff. 
Bruno’s matchmaker and a 
close friend of toe boxer’s 
manag er. Terry Lawless, in 
the presence of Tyson’s man- 
ager. Jim Jacobs. Lawless has 
agreed to the bout providing 
the British fighter performs 
satisfactorily in two contests, 
the first of which will be in 
March. The world champion- 
ship bout will take place at 
Wembley Stadium and is 
expected’ to be a 57 million 

• James ‘Bonecrusher’ Smith, 
who surprisingly stopped Tun 
Witherspoon in toe first round 
of their World Boxing Associ- 
ation (WBA) title bout in New 
York on Friday, also said he 
would honour the promise he 
had made to Bruno two years 
ago of a chance to avenge his 
defeat if he ever became world 
champion. “If I am still 
standing in May. I wifi fight 

T» 'I n! 

Bruno." Smith said. 

Bruno’s two preliminary 
bouts need not be too testing, 
for. as Duff observed, “Bruno 
is emitted to fight Tyson even 

He is still ranked in the top 
10 and his connections believe 
dearly that he does not have 
to prove anything to anybody 
but his manager. Lawless, 
after watching Smith’s victory 
on ITV and seeing the over- 
weight Witherspoon going 
down three limes, told Duff he 
wished he had instructed 
Bruno to '“jump on!’ 
Witherspoon just as Smith 
did. If Smith could do it, so 
could have Bruno when be 
met Witherspoon last July, 
Lawless was dearly thinking. 
When Bruno and Smith met 
two years ago. Bruno was well 
on top until the tenth and final 

What Bruno's tactics 
against Tyson might be is 
difficult to telL but if it is to 
“jump on him", Tyson would 
welcome it, 

Tyson meets Smith in the 
next bout of the series in 
March. He was at ringside on 
Friday and said: “I would love 
it if Smith jumped on me. I 
can’t wait to get my hands on 

Jacobs, who has received a 
huge offer for Tyson to box in 
Japan from Japanese 
businessmen “with a Godzilla 
complex.” was delighted with 
Smith’s victory. “We needed 
that We now nave two power 
punchers in the ring. There 
should be no need forjudges,” 
he said. 

Smith is made for Tyson; an 
ic-shape Witherspoon, men- 
ially and physically, if there is 
such a person any more, 
would have given Tyson trou- 
ble. Witherspoon was not 
mentally ready for Smith after 

more. . 

If Witherspoon wasem Mi- 
lled before he stepped into the 
ring and then in the wars in 
the ring, he is in even more 
trouble now. For I Earnest 
Hemingway’s story 
And the Sea. where the old 
man was left only with the 
bones of the marlin after the 
predators had eaten it. so too 
Witherspoon will be unable to 

haul in toe 5300.000 hi$ 

lawver had secured for him. 

The Internal Revenue Ser- 
vice wants its cut of 
5180.000 - SO per cent being 
tax arrears — and has told 
Don King to hold that amount 
back. Car! King. Don King’s 
son and Witherspoon’s man- 
ager. who has also a 50 per 
cent share in Smith, will take 
S 100.000 of Witherspoon’s 
purse as his share. That wiU 
leave the fighter with less than 
$20,000. with the lawyers still 
to be paid. 

When one realizes that box- 
ers risk life and limb for the 
aggrandisement of promoters 
and television viewers, there 
is a tendency to blame the 
men with toe money for this 
latest shabby episode in box- 
ing. Witherspoon was forced 
by a contract which was signed 
by Carl King but not by him to 
make a defence that was not 
even mandatory under WBA 

Yet another plausible sce- 
nario could be written that 
could put toe blame on the 
boxer. For instance. 
Witherspoon's original oppo- 
nent was Tubbs, a fat man. 
Witherspoon, who had been 
expecting toe wrestling match 
of their last meeting, had 
“trained” accordingly. When 
Tubbs dropped out in the last 
week, it was too late for 
Witherspoon to prepare for 
Bonecrusher, who was a trim 
228V:lb. Witherspoon started 

On toe night, Witherspoon 
certainly looked overweight at 
226 lbs. And when Smith 
“jumped him” and started off 
in pursuit Witherspoon found 
toe pace beyond him. 

Even though last year 
Witherspoon had boxed 
Smith’s ears off and won every 
round but one, his feet let him 
down and all he could do was 
cower behind his gloves as 
Smith thumped him from 
comer io comer 

Immediately after the 
referee’s intervention fol- 
lowed one of the strangest 
scenes in this already bizarre 
title bout Witherspoon was 
smiling and waving to his 
supporters and throwing 
kisses at them. One of his 
cornermen threw his gloves 
into the crowd. It was as if he 
was a hero leaning out of a 
train coming in to a station to 
welcoming admirers. You 
would not have believed that 
in feet he was departing. 


Sloothaak wins while 
the British fail again 

By Jenny MacArthnr 

The Olympia Volvo World Schockemohle, whose chances 

were rated as slight as he was 
riding the inexperienced Next 
Qrchidee, defied toe odds to 
take third place 

Yesterday Harvey Smith 
collected his second win when 

Cup qualifier ou Saturday, 
won convincingly by West 
Germany's Franke Sloothaak 
on Farmer, was toe third 
World Cup show in succession 
in which British riders have 
failed to reach the top five. 

Eighteen of toe 32 starters 
were British and the highest 
plaiting- was sixth-equal - 
filled, by Nick Skelton (Raf- 
fles Airborne), Geoff Glazzard 
(Sunorra) and Liz Edgar (Ev- 
erest Rapier). 

These three were toe only 
British riders to reach toe first 

he and Sanyo Casnica just got 
■ of John Whitaker on 

toehetteri _ 

Ryan’s Son to win toe Cross 
and Blackwell Christmas Pud- 
ding stakes. 

RESULTS: Volvo World Cop Ouafifter 1. 

In 4IL48; 2. 

junti>offi where they all col- 

four faults. 

Eddie Macken, of Ireland, 
was toe surprise but deserving 
runner-up on Carrolls Piquet 
He bought toe horse only 
three weeks ago but as his 
three clear rounds on Saturday 
showed, has found an instant 
rapport with toe gelding. 

West Germany’s Paul 

Fa™* ^ Staathaaki'wG^ 

(EM«*gn. Ire) Q In 43.85; 

t Sanyo Cadnica (H 
Son (J 

* (F Stool! 


Mew» (N Skelton) 1180 In SZ77?Coa 


t? A 'At 4 

* /!>. 3> ## 3 

n-5 p— ^ "■ -- 

i !■? I 



final days before 

Fridav. With toe 
television and the New York 
Athletic Commission ranged 
against him. Witherspoon 
said: “I just didn't care J don t 
want to fight for Don King any 



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CourwteiBr Knock-Out stakas: i. « 

. ( . R Smith): 2. Tamran 

Uarakkers. Netti); 3 equal. Cool 

Brawn). Mistral de R 

* Kma {j 

Schockam6hie (WG) 52: 2; E Macken (Ira) 
2 urBnd . <fP 4ft 4. F Sloothaak 

SScveS??*® N atetton ' QB) a* 4 


Outsiders outplayed 

By Sydney Friskin 

i*k ov- rr^ 

N-- • 

\ _ 

Steve Davis and Tony Meo 
duly daimed their fourth 
Hofineister world doubles 



snooker championship in five 
years yesterday when they 
completed foeir expected vic- 
tory over toe rank outsiders, 
Stephen Hendry and Mike 

Leading by T 1-2 overnight 
in toe best of 23 frames final, 
yesterday's .third session was 
tittle -more than a formality 
.Hallett and Hendry, how- 
*ver, did mana^e to keep them 
waiting for a. lew extra min- 
utes before toe Londoners 
could make sure of toe trophv 

^ ,^ e , £50-000 first prize. 
Hendry had a break of 50 with 
nis first visit to the table in toe 
opening frame of the day. and 
toe unseeded pair gradually 
built on that advantage. 

• A , fhapter of mistakes 
"giving all four playere 
Proceeded a long struggle on 
toe pink. Hallett went in-off, 
jJJJ afte f Hendry had felled 
JJf r .. w, to his shot, Meo was 
simple task of potting 
into the top pocket. 

S'L%l£ 3V * 8 an<3 A M9D « M 
Hsnfty. 12-3: Frame s cons 
6Wa 4 ®^ 8 - 7 3-«2, »*?■ 

n 64 ' 63 - 13 - 103 - 0 ' 

»2-j1 .83-0. 79-34. 33-73. B2-63.